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1

CLIMATOLOGY OF VERTICAL AIR MOTION DURING RAINFALL IN NIAMEY, NIGER AND BLACK FOREST, GERMANY USING AN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CLIMATOLOGY OF VERTICAL AIR MOTION DURING RAINFALL IN NIAMEY, NIGER AND BLACK FOREST, GERMANY USING in Niamey, Niger and eight months in Germany's Black Forest. The AMF includes a vertically pointing 95 GHz of the orographically influenced precipitation in Germany's mountains. __________ NOTICE: This manuscript has been

2

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from Black Forest Germany for the Convective and Orographically Induced Precipitation Study (COPS)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The primary goal of the ARM Program is to improve the treatment of cloud and radiation physics in global climate models in order to improve the climate simulation capabilities of these models. ARM maintains four major, permanent sites for data collection and deploys the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) to other sites as determined. In 2007 the AMF operated in the Black Forest region of Germany as part of the Convective and Orographically Induced Precipitation Study (COPS). Scientists studied rainfall resulting from atmospheric uplift (convection) in mountainous terrain, otherwise known as orographic precipitation. This was part of a six -year duration of the German Quantitative Precipitation Forecasting (QPF) Program. COPS was endorsed as a Research and Development Project by the World Weather Research Program. This program was established by the World Meteorological Organization to develop improved and cost-effective forecasting techniques, with an emphasis on high-impact weather. A large collection of data plots based on data streams from specific instruments used at Black Forest are available via a link from ARM's Black Forest site information page. Users will be requested to create a password, but the plots and the data files in the ARM Archive are free for viewing and downloading.

3

Germany 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some Pictures to Share with You - Trip to Berlin and Leipzig, Germany, April, 2007. Inside a Berlin subway station. The subway train has come.

4

Good-bye, Germany!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1990. Kurthen, Hermann. “Germany at the Crossroads: NationalLynn. “Social Memory and Germany’s Immigration Crisis: AGramling, Anton Kaes, eds. Germany in Transit: Migration,

Sollors, Werner

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

AMF Deployment, Black Forest, Germany  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies |November 2011Astudies smartHistory:CONTR.l\CT

6

Study in Germany / Work in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Study in Germany / Work in Germany Opportunities Prof. Dr. Silke R. Falkner German Programme Coordinator silke.falkner@usask.ca Tel.: 966-5744 #12;Content I. Opportunities for Study in Germany II. German in Germany V. Term II courses #12;I.A. Study in Germany (Summer) 1. CSSG: Canadian Summer School in Germany

Peak, Derek

7

August 2013 Jianbang Gan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Marketing), Iowa State University, 1988 B.S., Forest Engineering, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University Specialty: Forest Resource Economics, Management, and Policy Current Research Interests: Bioenergy

8

FLEGT Asia, Baseline Study 1, China: Overview of Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade, June 2011 This Action is funded by the European Union and Governments of Finland, France, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, June 2011 This Action is funded by the European Union and Governments of Finland, France, Germany of Finland, France, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. www

9

Information on Germany Scholarship  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Information on Germany Scholarship The whole future f or half the price. Germany Scholarship achieve great things at an early age ­ academically, in their family lives and for society. Germany join forces and give talented young people their full backing. With Germany Scholarship, the Federal

Hoffmeister, Thomas S.

10

Postcolonialism, Islam, and Contemporary Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1995] In Atlas of a Tropical Germany: Essays on Politics andMacmillan, 2005. Albrecht, Monika. Postcolonial Germany?and Migration into Germany’s Colonial Past. Paper delivered

Albrecht, Monika

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

COMMUNITY FORESTRY 24 Chartered Forester  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forest Resource Assessment. The most recent one (2010) shows that although 80 per cent of the world- making, which in turn depend on community organisation, knowledge, power relations, external. They also train commune staff in technical forest management (Jeanrenaud, 2001). In Germany too

12

Nanoair-bridged lateral overgrowth of GaN on ordered nanoporous GaN template  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the growth of high-quality GaN epilayers on an ordered nanoporous GaN template by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition. The nanopores in GaN template were created by inductively coupled plasma etching using anodic aluminum oxide film as an etch mask. The average pore diameter and interpore distance is about 65 and 110 nm, respectively. Subsequent overgrowth of GaN first begins at the GaN crystallite surface between the pores, and then air-bridge-mediated lateral overgrowth leads to the formation of the continuous layer. Microphotoluminescence and micro-Raman measurements show improved optical properties and significant strain relaxation in the overgrown layer when compared to GaN layer of same thickness simultaneously grown on sapphire without any template. Similar to conventional epitaxial lateral overgrown GaN, such overgrown GaN on a nanopatterned surface would also serve as a template for the growth of ultraviolet-visible light-emitting III-nitride devices.

Wang, Y.D.; Zang, K.Y.; Chua, S.J.; Tripathy, S.; Chen, P.; Fonstad, C.G. [Singapore-MIT Alliance, E4-04-10, 4 Engineering Drive 3, Singapore 117576 (Singapore) and Centre for Optoelectronics, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, 2 Engineering Drive 3, Singapore 117576 (Singapore); Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, 3 Research Link, Singapore 117602 (Singapore); Department of Electrical and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2005-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

13

University of Bonn Bonn, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Bonn Bonn, Germany studyabroad 2013|2014 Contact Information · UFIC Study Abroad, Germany, for a semester or a full academic year. Highlights · Students who have not completed at least two

Jawitz, James W.

14

University of Bamberg Bamberg, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Bamberg Bamberg, Germany About: The University of Bamberg (German: Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg) in Bamberg, Germany, is simultaneously one of the oldest and one of the newest universities://www.uni-bamberg.de/?id=2697 FUN FACTS ABOUT BAMBERG The working week in Germany also includes Saturday. So, when looking

Duchowski, Andrew T.

15

HEIDELBERG, GERMANY, 9 May 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HEIDELBERG, GERMANY, 9 May 2012 ­ Fifty-five life scientists from Europe and around the world were Bovolenta Nicolao, Spain Jens C. Brüning, Germany Francesco Cecconi, Italy PRESS RELEASE EMBO welcomes 55, Italy Ulrike Gaul, Germany Pascal Genschik, France Urs Greber, Switzerland William A. Harris, UK Urs

Canet, Léonie

16

Development of a Bulk GaN Growth Technique for Low Defect Density...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

current due to bulk defects GaN is Grown Heteroepitaxially on Sapphire (and Silicon Carbide) Substrates * As grown GaN nucleation layers contain disordered GaN with many...

17

Take Me “Home”: Determinants of Return Migration Among Germany’s Elderly Immigrants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M. 2007. “After Lifetime in Germany, Turks Still Alone andof Retirement Decisions in Germany” in Jonathan Gruber andof Immigrants in Germany? : Evidence from a Longitudinal

Yahirun, Jenjira

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

1synQPSK Univ. Paderborn, Germany; CeLight Israel; Photline, France; IPAG, Germany Univ. Paderborn, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1synQPSK Univ. Paderborn, Germany; CeLight Israel; Photline, France; IPAG, Germany synQPSK Univ. Paderborn, Germany CeLight Israel Photline, France IPAG, Germany Contract 004631 in FP6 IST-2002 Phase Shift Keying Transmission #12;2synQPSK Univ. Paderborn, Germany; CeLight Israel; Photline, France

Noé, Reinhold

19

Checklist 1 Before your arrival in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Checklist 1 Before your arrival in Germany Before you set off for Germany, begin by clarifying München and Germany in general? o Is my command of German adequate to make myself understood in Germany for your room, etc.) o Have I dealt with all the formalities for entry into Germany (passport, visa, etc

Kemper, Gregor

20

ARM - Black Forest News  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies |NovemberARMContactsARM Engineering6,GermanyBlack Forest News

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "forest germany gan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

ORIGINAL PAPER The south-western Black Forest and the Upper Rhine Graben  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL PAPER The south-western Black Forest and the Upper Rhine Graben Main Border Fault: thermal Ã? Springer-Verlag 2008 Abstract The thermal history of the south-westernmost Black Forest (Germany) and microstructural analyses. After intrusion of Palaeozoic granitic plutons in the Black Forest, the thermal regime

Wetzel, Andreas

22

ICC 2009 University of Germany Southampton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ICC 2009 University of Germany Southampton ICC2009 Germany Reduced-Rank Adaptive Least Bit Error;Outline ICC 2009 University of Germany Southampton Outline J Motivation; J Description of hybrid direct Conclusions. #12;Motivation ICC 2009 University of Germany Southampton Motivation ! UWB channels are highly

Chen, Sheng

23

Living in Germany. Studying at FAU.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Welcome. Living in Germany. Studying at FAU. www.fau.eu/international #12;Welcome. Living in Germany. Studying at FAU. 2 Welcome. Living in Germany. Studying at FAU. Contents Vice President`s welcome...................................................... 5 1. What you will find in this brochure .............................. 6 2. Welcome to Germany

Fiebig, Peter

24

ARM - AMIE Gan Island - Data Plots  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience4AJ01) (See95TI07)Operations2AP-XPSAPS50 -IssuegovFieldOverviewGan

25

Bernhard Westrich, Universitt Stuttgart, Germany; Ulrich Frstner, TU Hamburg-Harburg, Hamburg, Germany (Eds.)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bernhard Westrich, Universität Stuttgart, Germany; Ulrich Förstner, TU Hamburg- Harburg, Hamburg, Germany (Eds.) Sediment Dynamics and Pollutant Mobility in Rivers An Interdisciplinary Approach

Cirpka, Olaf Arie

26

ARM MJO Investigation Experiment on Gan Island (AMIE-Gan) Science Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overarching campaign, which includes the ARM Mobile Facility 2 (AMF2) deployment in conjunction with the Dynamics of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (DYNAMO) and the Cooperative Indian Ocean experiment on intraseasonal variability in the Year 2011 (CINDY2011) campaigns, is designed to test several current hypotheses regarding the mechanisms responsible for Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) initiation and propagation in the Indian Ocean area. The synergy between the proposed AMF2 deployment with DYNAMO/CINDY2011, and the corresponding funded experiment on Manus, combine for an overarching ARM MJO Investigation Experiment (AMIE) with two components: AMF2 on Gan Island in the Indian Ocean (AMIE-Gan), where the MJO initiates and starts its eastward propagation; and the ARM Manus site (AMIE-Manus), which is in the general area where the MJO usually starts to weaken in climate models. AMIE-Gan will provide measurements of particular interest to Atmospheric System Research (ASR) researchers relevant to improving the representation of MJO initiation in climate models. The framework of DYNAMO/CINDY2011 includes two proposed island-based sites and two ship-based locations forming a square pattern with sonde profiles and scanning precipitation and cloud radars at both island and ship sites. These data will be used to produce a Variational Analysis data set coinciding with the one produced for AMIE-Manus. The synergy between AMIE-Manus and AMIE-Gan will allow studies of the initiation, propagation, and evolution of the convective cloud population within the framework of the MJO. As with AMIE-Manus, AMIE-Gan/DYNAMO also includes a significant modeling component geared toward improving the representation of MJO initiation and propagation in climate and forecast models. This campaign involves the deployment of the second, marine-capable, AMF; all of the included measurement systems; and especially the scanning and vertically pointing radars. The campaign will include sonde launches at a rate of eight per day for the duration of the deployment. The increased sonde launches for the entire period matches that of the AMIE-Manus campaign and makes possible a far more robust Variational Analysis forcing data set product for the entire campaign, and thus better capabilities for modeling studies and synergistic research using the data from both AMIE sites.

Long, CL; Del Genio, A; Deng, M; Fu, X; Gustafson, W; Houze, R; Jakob, C; Jensen, M; Johnson, R; Liu, X; Luke, E; May, P; McFarlane, S; Minnis, P; Schumacher, C; Vogelmann, A; Wang, Y; Webster, P; Xie, S; Zhang, C

2011-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

27

Emigration and the Foundation of West Germany, 1933-1963  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gustav. The Canker of Germany. Trans. Norbert S. Maiman.Hauptstadtarchiv, Wiesbaden, Germany. Fraenkel, Martha,Frankfurt, Germany. Gurland, Arcadius, Personalakte.

Strote, Noah Benezra

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Welfare State Integration of Immigrants: the Case of Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of immigrant integration in Germany; the good performance ofImmigrants: the Case of Germany References Beauftragte derImmigrants: the Case of Germany Friedrich Heckmann Managing

Heckmann, Friedrich

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Review: German Film after Germany. Toward a Transnational Aesthetic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Halle. German Film After Germany. Toward a Transnationalof film production in Germany has changed rapidly. Thescale. German Film After Germany: Toward a Transnational

Theisen, Bianca

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Philosophy & Economics "Made in Germany"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Philosophy & Economics "Made in Germany" The Bachelor and Master Programmes at a Glance 2011 #12 course of studies in philosophy and economics. The aim is to provide a rigorous training for understanding complex social, economic, and political decision-making. · The philosophy curriculum is focused

Müller, Cord

31

Philosophy & Economics "Made in Germany"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Philosophy & Economics "Made in Germany" 10 Argumente für das Bachelor-Studiengang Philosophy & Economics 2011 www.pe.uni-bayreuth.de #12;1. P&E verbindet Philosophie und �konomie, um Exper- tinnen und Zentrum steht die Verzahnung von philosophi- scher und ökonomischer Perspektive. 8. P&E bereitet für

Müller, Cord

32

Checklist 3 Before your departure from Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Checklist 3 Before your departure from Germany o It is in your hands to receive the transcripts at the Citizens' Bureau o Remember to cancel all agreements/contracts signed in Germany, such as: - with the bank

Kemper, Gregor

33

Checklist 2 The first days in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Checklist 2 The first days in Germany Further information and explanations for the following points (former E111 or E128) or EHIC-Card to one of the social insurers in Germany. You will then be issued in Germany! Only when you have a permanent address you can register with the Citizens' Bureau (Bürgerbüro

Kemper, Gregor

34

INVITED SPEAKERS S. Albeverio (Bonn, Germany)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INVITED SPEAKERS S. Albeverio (Bonn, Germany) J. L. Bell (Western Ontario, Canada) V. Benci (PisaIntyre (Edinburgh, UK) T. Nakamura (Tsuda, Japan) H. Osswald (Muenchen, Germany) D.A. Ross (Hawaii, USA) M. Wolff (Tuebingen, Germany). NS2002 NONSTANDARD METHODS and applications in mathematics June 10-16, 2002 Pisa

Di Nasso, Mauro

35

Workshop on Distributed Cloud Computing Dresden, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DCC 2013 Workshop on Distributed Cloud Computing Dresden, Germany December 9-12, 2013 (Submission Pan Hui, HKUST, Hong Kong Wolfgang Kellerer, TU Munich, Germany Ruben Montero, Uni Complutense de Waterloo, Canada Marco Canini, T-Labs & TU Berlin, Germany Paolo Costa, MSR & Imperial College, UK Xiaoming

Schmid, Stefan

36

>Why I decided to study in Germany ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

>Why I decided to study in Germany ... SIX STUDENTS TELL THEIR STORIES _______ PAGE 04 +/+/+/ STUDYING IN GERMANY /+/+/+ #12;What are the important ingredients for a successful start? The best possible preparation sounds like a good idea. That's why the magazine "Start ­ Studying in Germany" is providing some

Hellebrand, Sybille

37

famelab-germany.de FameLab Germany wird prsentiert von  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

famelab-germany.de FameLab Germany wird präsentiert von Du ... studierst oder arbeitest in den Wissenschaftskommunikation #12;Anmeldung & Videos famelab-germany.de Let's taLK science! FameLab-Vorentscheid 22. März Medien- und Kommuni- kationstraining 5. + 6. April Berlin Finale FameLab Germany: 10. Mai Bielefeld

Hamburg,.Universität

38

E-Print Network 3.0 - aln gan inn Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: size. Introduction GaN and its alloys with InN and AlN have been used for optoelectronic devices... region. The formation of self-assembled GaN nanostructures on aluminum...

39

Global Imbalances: Is Germany the new China? A Skeptical View  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Imbalances: Is Germany the new China? A Skepticalpatterns of China and Germany. We point out that China'srecent years resembles that of Germany’s. Yet, an important

Aizenman, Joshua; Sengupta, Rajeswari

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

K.K. Gan EPS 2001 1 New Results on Charm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

K.K. Gan EPS 2001 1 New Results on Charm Semileptonic Decays and Lifetime K.K. Gan The Ohio State University July 14, 2001 Representing CLEO Collaboration #12;K.K. Gan EPS 2001 2 l measurement of l first+ B(D+ K* 0 l+ l ) (D*+ ) c + #12;K.K. Gan EPS 2001 3 l P measurement of form factors helps to guide

Gan, K. K.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "forest germany gan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Joint ATLAS/CMS SLHC Opto WG 1 K.K. Gan Lesson Learned from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joint ATLAS/CMS SLHC Opto WG 1 K.K. Gan Lesson Learned from ATLAS Pixel Optical Link #12;Joint ATLAS/CMS SLHC Opto WG 2 Outline Introduction VCSEL/PIN monitoring Analysis of opto-board/VCSEL/PIN failures Summary K.K. Gan #12;K.K. Gan Joint ATLAS/CMS SLHC Opto WG 3 Introduction Architecture

Gan, K. K.

42

K.K. Gan ATLAS Tracker Upgrade Workshop 1 Progress Report on Joint ATLAS/CMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

K.K. Gan ATLAS Tracker Upgrade Workshop 1 Progress Report on Joint ATLAS/CMS SLHC Opto ATLAS Tracker Upgrade Workshop 2 Outline Introduction Subgroups activities Summary #12;K.K. Gan ATLAS System #12;K.K. Gan ATLAS Tracker Upgrade Workshop 4 Group A: Lesson Learned and to be Learned from LHC

Gan, K. K.

43

K.K. Gan RD07 1 Radiation-Hard Optical Link for SLHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

spliced SIMM-GRIN fiber Radiation hardness of PIN/VCSEL arrays Results on MT-style optical packages irradiation? What is optical power after irradiation? What current is needed for annealing? #12;K.K. Gan RDK.K. Gan RD07 1 Radiation-Hard Optical Link for SLHC June 28, 2007 W. Fernando, K.K. Gan, A. Law, H

Gan, K. K.

44

Name Affiliation Country PI Prof. Dr. Gottfried Mann AIP Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Name Affiliation Country PI Prof. Dr. Gottfried Mann AIP Germany core members (project manager) Dr Sweden Germany ordinary members Frank Breitling Eoin Carley Dr. Harry Enke Dr. Norbert Jakowski Dr Germany Ireland Germany Germany UK Ireland Germany UK Ireland associated memb. Prof. Dr. John Brown Dr

45

Anti-phase domains in cubic GaN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The existence of anti-phase domains in cubic GaN grown on 3C-SiC/Si (001) substrates by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy is reported. The influence of the 3C-SiC/Si (001) substrate morphology is studied with emphasis on the anti-phase domains (APDs). The GaN nucleation is governed by the APDs of the substrate, resulting in equal plane orientation and the same anti-phase boundaries. The presence of the APDs is independent of the GaN layer thickness. Atomic force microscopy surface analysis indicates lateral growth anisotropy of GaN facets in dependence of the APD orientation. This anisotropy can be linked to Ga and N face types of the {l_brace}111{r_brace} planes, similar to observations of anisotropic growth in 3C-SiC. In contrast to 3C-SiC, however, a difference in GaN phase composition for the two types of APDs can be measured by electron backscatter diffraction, {mu}-Raman and cathodoluminescence spectroscopy.

Maria Kemper, Ricarda; Schupp, Thorsten; Haeberlen, Maik; Lindner, Joerg; Josef As, Donat [University of Paderborn, Department of Physics, Warburger Str. 100, D-33098 Paderborn (Germany); Niendorf, Thomas; Maier, Hans-Juergen [University of Paderborn, Lehrstuhl fuer Werkstoffkunde, Pohlweg 47-49, D-33098 Paderborn (Germany); Dempewolf, Anja; Bertram, Frank; Christen, Juergen [University of Magdeburg, Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, P.O. Box 4120, D-39016 Magdeburg (Germany); Kirste, Ronny; Hoffmann, Axel [Technische Universitaet Berlin, Institute of Solid State Physics, Hardenbergstr. 36, D-10623 Berlin (Germany)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

46

Maskless lateral epitaxial overgrowth of GaN on sapphire  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors demonstrate a technique of lateral epitaxial overgrowth (LEO) of GaN, termed maskless LEO, in which no mask is deposited prior to LEO regrowth. Instead, a bulk (> 2 {micro}m) GaN layer on sapphire is selectively dry etched, leaving {approximately} 5 {micro}m-wide stripe mesas oriented in the <10{bar 1}0>{sub GaN} direction, with a 20 {micro}m period. These stripes serve as seeds for LEO GaN growth, which proceeds from the tops of the stripes and expands laterally, resulting in a T, or overhang, morphology. As for LEO over an SiO{sub 2} mask, significant defect reduction (from {approximately} 10{sup 9} cm{sup {minus}2} to {approximately} 10{sup 6} cm{sup {minus}2}) is observed in cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Atomic force microscopy of the top surface of the LEO GaN reveals that no threading dislocations with screw component terminate at the surfaces of laterally overgrown regions. X-ray diffraction measurements reveal that the wings exhibit a crystallographic tilt away from the seed regions in an azimuth perpendicular to the stripe direction; the tilt angle ({approximately} 0.4--0.5{degree}) is relatively independent of growth temperature and wing aspect ratio.

Fini, P.; Marchand, H.; Ibbetson, J.P.; Moran, B.; Zhao, L.; Denbaars, S.P.; Speck, J.S.; Mishra, U.K.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Pulsed laser annealing of Be-implanted GaN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Postimplantation thermal processing of Be in molecular-beam-epitaxy-grown GaN by rapid thermal annealing (RTA) and pulsed laser annealing (PLA) was investigated. It has been found that the activation of Be dopants and the repair of implantation-induced defects in GaN films cannot be achieved efficiently by conventional RTA alone. On the other hand, good dopant activation and surface morphology and quality were obtained when the Be-implanted GaN film was annealed by PLA with a 248 nm KrF excimer laser. However, observations of off-resonant micro-Raman and high-resolution x-ray-diffraction spectra indicated that crystal defects and strain resulting from Be implantation were still existent after PLA, which probably degraded the carrier mobility and limited the activation efficiency to some extent. This can be attributed to the shallow penetration depth of the 248 nm laser in GaN, which only repaired the crystal defects in a thin near-surface layer, while the deeper defects were not annealed out well. This situation was significantly improved when the Be-implanted GaN was subjected to a combined process of PLA followed by RTA, which produced good activation of the dopants, good surface morphology, and repaired bulk and surface defects well.

Wang, H.T.; Tan, L.S.; Chor, E.F. [Centre for Optoelectronics, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576 (Singapore)

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Chronic water stress reduces tree growth and the carbon sink of deciduous hardwood forests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

have the potential to offset gains in carbon (C) uptake from phenology trends, rising atmospheric CO2Chronic water stress reduces tree growth and the carbon sink of deciduous hardwood forests E D W Institute of Technology, IMK-IFU, Garmisch-Partenkirchen 82467, Germany, 4 USDA Forest Service ­ SilvaCarbon

Phillips, Richard P.

49

Performing the Jewish body in contemporary Germany.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The dissertation explores the work of Tanya Ury and Esther Dischereit as political interventional, contemporary, Jewish art in Germany. Ury and Dischereit analyze the power… (more)

Brungs, Juliette

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Properties of H, O and C in GaN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electrical properties of the light ion impurities H, O and C in GaN have been examined in both as-grown and implanted material. H is found to efficiently passivate acceptors such as Mg, Ca and C. Reactivation occurs at {ge} 450 C and is enhanced by minority carrier injection. The hydrogen does not leave the GaN crystal until > 800 C, and its diffusivity is relatively high ({approximately} 10{sup {minus}11} cm{sup 2}/s) even at low temperatures (< 200 C) during injection by wet etching, boiling in water or plasma exposure. Oxygen shows a low donor activation efficiency when implanted into GaN, with an ionization level of 30--40 meV. It is essentially immobile up to 1,100 C. Carbon can produce low p-type levels (3 {times} 10{sup 17} cm{sup {minus}3}) in GaN during MOMBE, although there is some evidence it may also create n-type conduction in other nitrides.

Pearton, S.J.; Abernathy, C.R.; Lee, J.W. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)] [and others

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Fourth International Workshop on Termination Dagstuhl, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fourth International Workshop on Termination WST '99 Dagstuhl, Germany May 10­12, 1999 Abstracts #12; Fourth International Workshop on Termination WST '99 Dagstuhl, Germany May 10­12, 1999 Abstracts, The Netherlands) #12; Contents Hans Zantema The Termination Hierarchy for Term Rewriting

Giesl, Juergen

52

Forest Lifeautumn | winter 2004 the forest!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aberdeen Leeds Norwich Cardiff Southampton NEW FOREST POSTERN HILL FOREST OF DEAN THORPE WOODLANDForest Lifeautumn | winter 2004 F R E E Get fit in the forest! www.forestry.gov.uk #12;Inverness Birmingham Newcastle Glasgow Edinburgh Dundee Manchester Forest Life 2 From the tranquil setting of your own

53

Structural defects in GaN revealed by Transmission Electron Microscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reviews the various types of structural defects observed by Transmission Electron Microscopy in GaN heteroepitaxial layers grown on foreign substrates and homoepitaxial layers grown on bulk GaN substrates. The structural perfection of these layers is compared to the platelet self-standing crystals grown by High Nitrogen Pressure Solution. Defects in undoped and Mg doped GaN are discussed. Some models explaining the formation of inversion domains in heavily Mg doped layers that are possible defects responsible for the difficulties of p-doping in GaN are also reviewed.

Liliental-Weber, Zuzanna

2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

54

Forest Resources and Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a sustainable bio-energy industry. Timber is an ideal construction material. Centre for Forest ResourcesForest Resources and Management Centre for The Centre for Forest Resources and Management aims the forest resource. Our aim is that British forests ­ from their creation to maturity and regeneration

55

Colorado Statewide Forest Resource Assessment and Strategy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heritage Program Colorado Timber Industry Association Forest Energy Governor's Forest Health AdvisoryColorado Statewide Forest Resource Assessment and Strategy www.csfs.colostate.edu Colorado Forest Forestry? Forest Health, Forest Stewardship, Community Forestry, Rural ForestryForest Health, Forest

56

HOTEL ACCOMMODATIONS SUMMER EUROPEAN ACADEMY 2014 Passau (Germany, Bavaria)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HOTEL ACCOMMODATIONS SUMMER EUROPEAN ACADEMY 2014 Passau (Germany, Bavaria): Hotel Weisser Hase: +49 851 9211 100 info@weisser-hase.de Munich (Germany, Bavaria): NH Deutscher Kaiser http://www.nh Germany Tel. +49 89 54 530 Email: nhdeutscherkaiser@nh-hotels.com Garmisch (Germany, Bavaria): Garmischer

Bermúdez, José Luis

57

Forest Conservation Act (Maryland)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The main purpose of Maryland's Forest Conservation Act is to minimize the loss of Maryland's forest resources during land development by making the identification and protection of forests and...

58

Hexagonal Growth Spirals on GaN Grown by Molecular Beam Epitaxy: Kinetics vs Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

prepared, Ga-polar GaN(0001) templates. The surface morphology was studied using reflection high-energy-edge energy of 0.26 eV/Ã?. They suggest that local conditions at step edges dominate the growth. 1 conducted ex situ using AFM. Desorption mass spectrometry (DMS) was used to measure the GaN growth rate. Our

Cohen, Philip I.

59

K.K. Gan Opto-Link PRR 1 Status of Opto-Board Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

irradiation) LVDS fall time (after irradiation) Optical signal 4 rise and fall times after irradiation Results l Irradiation Results l Conclusions #12;K.K. Gan Opto-Link PRR 3 Opto-link #12;K.K. Gan Opto-Link PRR 4 l converts: optical signal ÷ electrical signal l provide 7 optical links: P disks and 50

Gan, K. K.

60

K.K. Gan HEP2007 1 Radiation-Hard Optical Link for SLHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of fusion spliced SIMM-GRIN fiber Radiation hardness of PIN/VCSEL arrays Results on MT-style optical What is rise/fall time after irradiation? What is optical power after irradiation? What currentK.K. Gan HEP2007 1 Radiation-Hard Optical Link for SLHC July 20, 2007 W. Fernando, K.K. Gan, A. Law

Gan, K. K.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "forest germany gan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

K.K. Gan Pixel Engineering Layout 1 Optical Link Layout Options  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

optical-link locations Predictions of degradation in fibers Predictions of degradation in VCSEL for r > 110 cm Loss calculated for Corning Infinicor GRIN fiber Fibers irradiated with gammas fromK.K. Gan Pixel Engineering Layout 1 Optical Link Layout Options K.K. Gan The Ohio State

Gan, K. K.

62

K.K. Gan ATLAS Tracker Upgrade Workshop 1 Summary of Optical Link R&D  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Hardness of Optical Fiber Corning Infinicor GRIN fiber irradiated with 's from Co60 Attenuation parameterized into optical signal for transmission in fibers PINs convert optical signal into electrical signal PlanK.K. Gan ATLAS Tracker Upgrade Workshop 1 Summary of Optical Link R&D K.K. Gan The Ohio State

Gan, K. K.

63

Controlled oxygen doping of GaN using plasma assisted molecular-beam epitaxy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Controlled oxygen doping of GaN using plasma assisted molecular-beam epitaxy A. J. Ptak, L. J-assisted molecular-beam epitaxy to study the dependence of oxygen incorporation on polarity and oxygen partial pressure. Oxygen incorporates at a rate ten times faster on nitrogen-polar GaN than on the Ga polarity

Myers, Tom

64

K.K. Gan Siena02 1 The Ohio State University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.K. Gan Siena02 6 l Decode Bi-Phase Mark encoded (BPM) clock and command signals from PIN diode l Input Error Rate (BER): BPM #12;K.K. Gan Siena02 7 l Training period: ~25 ms of 20 MHz clock (BPM with no data) DORIC Logic ] Ready

Gan, K. K.

65

UGA in Germany UGA has long maintained an extensive network of connections to Germany, sending numerous students and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UGA in Germany July 2012 UGA has long maintained an extensive network of connections to Germany of the best universities in Germany to develop critical research. Student Exchanges: UGA has longstanding on exchange to Germany for an immersive semester or year-long experience. In return, UGA has hosted

Hall, Daniel

66

Uncompahgre Mesas Forest Restoration Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

March 2010 Uncompahgre Mesas Forest Restoration Project Collaboration Case Study #12;Uncompahgre Mesas Forest Restoration Project 1 1 Colorado Forest Restoration Institute Collaboration Case Study: Uncompahgre Mesas Forest Restoration Project Corrie Knapp Prepared for the Colorado Forest Restoration

67

Statewide Forest Resource Strategy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Resource Assessment (assessment). The assessment and strategy identify important forest lands and provideColorado Statewide Forest Resource Strategy #12;June 2010 Acknowledgments The Colorado State Forest Forest Resource Strategy. We also offer our thanks and acknowledgement to Greg Sundstrom, assistant staff

68

United States Forest Service - Forest Service Environmental Appeals...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Service - Forest Service Environmental Appeals Responses Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: United States Forest Service - Forest Service...

69

Pinhole Glasses Giuseppe Colicchia, Physics Education, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Germany Martin Hopf, Physics Education, Ludwig-Maximilians University, University Munich, Germany Hartmut Wiesner, Physics Education, Ludwig-Maximilians University, University Munich, Germany Dean Zollman

Zollman, Dean

70

International Family Business Succession Planning. Recent Developments in Germany and Spain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tools of transmission in Germany 2.1. Power of attorney postas being unconstitutional. 33 Germany's Constitutional CourtRecent Developments in Germany and Spain Business Roland

Krause, Roland

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Times of the Event: On the Aesthetico-Political in West Germany and Austria circa 1968  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Consumer Culture. ” In West Germany under Construction:Cinema in Democratizing Germany: Reconstructing NationalHeritage: Video Art in Germany from 1963 to the Present.

Weiner, Andrew Stefan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

At the Nexus of Social Policy and Capital Markets: Pension Reform and Enterprise Governance in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Company Pension Schemes in Germany,” Monthly Report, March.2001. “Pension Reform in Germany,” draft chapter in R. Kentof Stakeholderism in Germany,”forthcoming, Industrielle

Ziegler, J. Nicholas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

College/University: 1998 -2004 University of Kaiserslautern (Germany)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Education College/University: 1998 - 2004 University of Kaiserslautern (Germany) Diploma in Biology, billard, card-games, soccer, First name: Niels Last name: Heinz Date of birth: 07.02.1978 Country: Germany

Manstein, Dietmar J.

74

Interpolation Search for Point Cloud Intersection University of Paderborn, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

janklein@uni-paderborn.de Gabriel Zachmann University of Bonn, Germany zach@cs.uni-bonn.de ABSTRACT We

Zachmann, Gabriel

75

Wage adjustment, competitiveness and unemployment East Germany after unification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wage adjustment, competitiveness and unemployment ­ East Germany after unification Werner Smolny years after unification large differences of the labor market situation in East and West Germany persist adjustment in East Germany and the resulting development of competitiveness and unemployment differentials

Pfeifer, Holger

76

Following Germany's Lead: Using International Monetary Linkages to Estimate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Following Germany's Lead: Using International Monetary Linkages to Estimate the Effect of Monetary to countries with the weakest economic ties to Germany. We thank participants at the 2004 NBER Summer Workshop (2001). 2 Many European countries followed Germany's lead in setting their monetary policy during our

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

77

Germany Picks Up Scent of In Solving Naples's Trash Crisis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Germany Picks Up Scent of Profit In Solving Naples's Trash Crisis By STACY MEICHTRY and ALMUT incinerators across Germany that have recently cut deals with the Italian government to burn up to 200,000 tons in northern Germany charge between 150 and 250 ($237 to $394) to incinerate one ton of waste, estimates

Columbia University

78

Simplified Planning Regulations in Germany and the Effects of Landslides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simplified Planning Regulations in Germany and the Effects of Landslides BODO DAMM Georg-August-University Go¨ ttingen, Department of Physical Geography, Go¨ ttingen, Germany (Received November 2005; revised¨ ttingen, Department of Physical Geography, Goldschmidtstra�e 5, D-37077 Go¨ ttingen, Germany. Email: bdamm

Damm, Bodo

79

Klaus Pawelzik1, 2* Centre for Cognitive Sciences, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Klaus Pawelzik1, 2* 1 Centre for Cognitive Sciences, Germany 2 University of Bremen, Institute for Theoretical Physics, Germany Financial markets are believed to be efficient in incorporating available and Movement, Giessen, Germany, 19 May - 22 May, 2010. Presentation Type: Poster Presentation Topic: Posters

Kreiter, Andreas K.

80

Germany Inspires Innovation --Welcome to Europe's Leader in Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Germany Inspires Innovation -- Welcome to Europe's Leader in Science #12;Welcome to the Land of Ideas Excellence in research and development Germany is the number one location for research in Europe. Germany's unique scientific tradi- tion and great variety of research offer ideal conditions--not only

Kersting, Kristian

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "forest germany gan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

March 29 31, 2012 University of Paderborn, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conference March 29 ­ 31, 2012 University of Paderborn, Germany Room B 3.231 supported by the DFG:30 | John Peters | Iowa, USA 03:30 | Gabriele Schabacher | Siegen, Germany 05:00 | Jana Mangold | Erfurt, Germany 06:00 | Menahem Blondheim | Elihu Katz | Jerusalem, Israel 09:30 | Grant David Bollmer | Chapel

Paderborn, Universität

82

HTST 413.02 Modern Germany: 1870-Present  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HTST 413.02 Modern Germany: 1870-Present Summer 2012 MW 12:00-14:45 Instructor: Mikkel Dack Two - German history is anything but dull. Historically, Germany has been a country torn between the political and the Holocaust; Allied occupation; the division of Germany; the GDR and the German communist ideal

Habib, Ayman

83

GER 320 (Germany Today) Course Outcomes and Programmatic Alignment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 GER 320 (Germany Today) Course Outcomes and Programmatic Alignment Students will be able, conduct presentations, and produce texts relevant to contemporary issues in Germany and the German-speaking countries Individual and small group presentations Final project on important issues in Germany 1a

Mayfield, John

84

DESY -August 7th 2007, Hamburg, Germany 1 Optically Stimulated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DESY - August 7th 2007, Hamburg, Germany 1 Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosimetry Based on Sr, Germany 2 Why OSL ? A bit of History... 1950/1960: first suggestion of OSL as a dosimetry tool 80's years dosimetry system for RADECS Conference INTRODUCTION #12;DESY - August 7th 2007, Hamburg, Germany 3

85

23rd -25th September 2013 Berlin, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

23rd - 25th September 2013 Berlin, Germany Sustainable Global Conference on Manufacturing Berlin - Germany Tel.: +49 30 314-25117 Fax: +49 30 314-22759 E-Mail: gcsm@mf.tu-berlin.de Website: www" Germany, on 23rd - 25th September 2013. It will be hosted by Technische Universität Berlin. · Value

Berlin,Technische Universität

86

Forest Inventory and Analysis Research The Nation's Forest Census  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forest Inventory and Analysis Research F I A The Nation's Forest Census The U.S. Forest Inventory Monitoring Symposium November 4, 2008 #12;Forest Inventory and Analysis Research F I A The Nation's Forest Census FIA Program Perspectives · Only comprehensive forest inventory for each of the 50 States, Puerto

87

Thermal annealing characteristics of Si and Mg-implanted GaN thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this letter, we report the results of ion implantation of GaN using {sup 28}Si and {sup 24}Mg species. Structural and electrical characterizations of the GaN thin films after thermal annealing show that native defects in the GaN films dominate over implant doping effects. The formation energies of the annealing induced defects are estimated to range from 1.4 to 3.6 eV. A 40 keV 10{sup 14} cm{sup {minus}2} Mg implant results in the decrease of the free-carrier concentration by three orders of magnitude compared to unimplanted GaN up to an annealing temperature of 690{degree}C. Furthermore, we have observed the correlation between these annealing-induced defects to both improved optical and electrical properties. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Chan, J.S.; Cheung, N.W. [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Schloss, L.; Jones, E.; Wong, W.S.; Newman, N.; Liu, X.; Weber, E.R. [Department of Material Science and Mineral Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 64720 (United States)] [Department of Material Science and Mineral Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 64720 (United States); Gassman, A.; Rubin, M.D. [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, University of California, Berkeley, California 64720 (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, University of California, Berkeley, California 64720 (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

In-situ ellipsometry: Identification of surface terminations during GaN growth , T. Schmidtling1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 In-situ ellipsometry: Identification of surface terminations during GaN growth C. Cobet1 , T SE, one is not limited to any special bulk or surface symmetry for optical characterisation. In PAMBE

Feenstra, Randall

89

Physics of electrical degradation in GaN high electron mobility transistors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The deployment of GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMT) in RF power applications is currently bottlenecked by their limited reliability. Obtaining the required reliability is a difficult issue due to the high voltage ...

Joh, Jungwoo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Watching GaN Nanowires Grow Eric A. Stach,*, Peter J. Pauzauskie, Tevye Kuykendall,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vision, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, and Department of Chemistry, Uni and experimentally demonstrated that congruent sublimation of GaN is possible, which yields diatomic or polymeric

Yang, Peidong

91

Light extraction in individual GaN nanowires on Si for LEDs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GaN-based nanowires hold great promise for solid state lighting applications because of their waveguiding properties and the ability to grow nonpolar GaN nanowire-based heterostructures, which could lead to increased light ...

Zhou, Xiang

92

K.K. Gan ATLAS Pixel Week 1 New Results on Opto-Electronics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University #12;K.K. Gan ATLAS Pixel Week 2 Outline l VDC-I5 l VDC/DORIC-I5e l QA l BeO Opto-board l Summary reset from active high to low for ease of implementation by DCS ] slightly better performance at ±3s: Engineering Run #12;K.K. Gan ATLAS Pixel Week 9 l circuit boards: designed/built/tested l LabView programs

Gan, K. K.

93

Low temperature thin film transistors with hollow cathode plasma-assisted atomic layer deposition based GaN channels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report GaN thin film transistors (TFT) with a thermal budget below 250?°C. GaN thin films are grown at 200?°C by hollow cathode plasma-assisted atomic layer deposition (HCPA-ALD). HCPA-ALD-based GaN thin films are found to have a polycrystalline wurtzite structure with an average crystallite size of 9.3?nm. TFTs with bottom gate configuration are fabricated with HCPA-ALD grown GaN channel layers. Fabricated TFTs exhibit n-type field effect characteristics. N-channel GaN TFTs demonstrated on-to-off ratios (I{sub ON}/I{sub OFF}) of 10{sup 3} and sub-threshold swing of 3.3?V/decade. The entire TFT device fabrication process temperature is below 250?°C, which is the lowest process temperature reported for GaN based transistors, so far.

Bolat, S., E-mail: bolat@ee.bilkent.edu.tr, E-mail: aokyay@ee.bilkent.edu.tr; Tekcan, B. [Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800 (Turkey); UNAM, National Nanotechnology Research Center, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800 (Turkey); Ozgit-Akgun, C.; Biyikli, N. [UNAM, National Nanotechnology Research Center, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800 (Turkey); Institute of Materials Science and Nanotechnology, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800 (Turkey); Okyay, A. K., E-mail: bolat@ee.bilkent.edu.tr, E-mail: aokyay@ee.bilkent.edu.tr [Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800 (Turkey); UNAM, National Nanotechnology Research Center, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800 (Turkey); Institute of Materials Science and Nanotechnology, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800 (Turkey)

2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

94

Germany Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchGeaugaInformation MexicoLLC Jump to: navigation,Germany

95

Germany: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power BasicsGermany: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map...

96

15-16 October 2013, Nurnberg, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heating supply system lowtemperature: tw2 = 40...45 ° high temperature: tw2 = 80...100 ° water heater: tw2#12;15-16 October 2013, Nurnberg, Germany 2 Heat Pump Technology for Heating supply systems I,46·10-3 Expansion-compression work ratio ls / ls 0,367 0,103 0,076 0,044 Heating water temperatures (in/out), °C 40

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

97

Protecting climate with forests.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Changing feedbacks in the climate–biosphere system Front.313–32 Bonan G B 2008 Forests and climate change: forcings,feedbacks, and the climate benefits of forests Science

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Chesapeake Forest Lands (Maryland)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Chesapeake Forest Lands are most of the former land holdings of the Chesapeake Forest Products Company, which now includes more than 66,000 acres in five lower Eastern Shore counties. These...

99

Deposition of CVD diamond onto GaN P.W. May a,*, H.Y. Tsai b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the polycrystalline diamond surface would prevent light from leaking out of the GaN layer and channel it to the endsDeposition of CVD diamond onto GaN P.W. May a,*, H.Y. Tsai b , W.N. Wang c , J.A. Smith a a School performed to deposit continuous layers of CVD diamond onto epitaxial GaN films. Such diamond coatings would

Bristol, University of

100

Forest Roads (Minnesota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Proposed forest roads must be approved and designated by the Commissioner of the Department of Natural Resources.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "forest germany gan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Oc. 13, 2004Oc. 13, 2004 International Conference of Spatial CognitionInternational Conference of Spatial Cognition 2004, Frausenchiemsee, Germany2004, Frausenchiemsee, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Spatial Cognition 2004, Frausenchiemsee, Germany2004, Frausenchiemsee, Germany 11 Recognizing Variable & Informatics University of BremenUniversity of Bremen GermanyGermany #12;Oc. 13, 2004Oc. 13, 2004 International Conference of Spatial CognitionInternational Conference of Spatial Cognition 2004, Frausenchiemsee, Germany

Bremen, Universität

102

International Conference MANAGING FORESTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Working Party 1.01.08 ­ Ecology and Silviculture of Spruces; co-hosted by the EU Interreg Project Forest of Alberta, Canada "Ecology and Silviculture of White Spruce in the Canadian Boreal Forest for Multiple Forest Integrity; Why Spruce is a Good Option" Kristina Blennow, SLU, Sweden "Perception of Risks

103

Forest Research: Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forest Research: Climate Change projects Forest Research is part of the Forestry Commission of climate change-related research is wide-ranging, covering impact assessment and monitoring, adaptation around a quarter of its research budget with Forest Research on climate change and related programmes

104

FOREST CERTIFICATION January 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lead to a more efficient model to achieve and document high levels of forest stewardship by Oregon comes from well-managed forests. For wood products companies that do business with the likes of Home by the State of Oregon to be less competent or protective of forest resources than those landowners who become

105

Montana Forest and Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Montana Forest and Conservation Experiment Station 2009/2010 #12;Director's Message Page 2 The Montana Forest and Conservation Experiment Station (MFCES) continues its proud history of serving forest types. Faculty researchers of MFCES and the College of Forestry and Conservation have revealed new

Vonessen, Nikolaus

106

Forest ecology Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forest ecology Introduction Forest ecology is a part of ecology that is con- cerned with forests as opposed to grasslands, savan- nas, or tundra. Ecology is the study of the processes of interaction among organisms and between organ- isms and their environment. Ecology is often subdi- vided into physiological

Johnson, Edward A.

107

National Forest Land Scheme case study Kilfinan Community Forest Company  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;The hill grazing land that became Acharossan Forest was acquired by the Forestry Commission in 1963National Forest Land Scheme case study Kilfinan Community Forest Company: Acharossan Forest The applicant Kilfinan Community Forest Company (KCFC) is a charitable company limited by guarantee established

108

1CHILE'S FRONTIER FORESTS: CONSERVING A GLOBAL TREASURE FRONTIER FORESTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1CHILE'S FRONTIER FORESTS: CONSERVING A GLOBAL TREASURE CHILE´S FRONTIER FORESTS: CONSERVING forests & people #12;2 CHILE'S FRONTIER FORESTS: CONSERVING A GLOBAL TREASURE REPORT PRODUCTION'S FRONTIER FORESTS: CONSERVING A GLOBAL TREASURE CONTENTSCONTENTS ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 5 FOREWORD 6 KEY FINDINGS 8

109

1CHILE'S FRONTIER FORESTS: CONSERVING A GLOBAL TREASURE FRONTIER FORESTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1CHILE'S FRONTIER FORESTS: CONSERVING A GLOBAL TREASURE CHILE´S FRONTIER FORESTS: CONSERVING forests & people http://pdf.wri.org/gfw_chile_full.pdf #12;2 CHILE'S FRONTIER FORESTS: CONSERVING A GLOBAL A CONSERVAR. ISBN: 1-56973-517-4 #12;3CHILE'S FRONTIER FORESTS: CONSERVING A GLOBAL TREASURE CONTENTSCONTENTS

110

Arnstadt, Germany: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo Feng Bio Energy CoClimate ProjectsArnstadt, Germany:

111

Berlin, Germany: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo Feng Bio JumpVentures JumpGermany: Energy Resources Jump

112

Hannover, Germany: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power BasicsGermany: EnergyPower Finance Jump to:Information ofHannover,

113

Greenpeace Energy Germany | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat Jump to:Photon Place: Golden,GreenVoltsGreenpeace Energy Germany Jump to:

114

Micro-Raman and cathodoluminescence studies of epitaxial laterally overgrown GaN with tungsten masks: A method to map the free-carrier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Micro-Raman and cathodoluminescence studies of epitaxial laterally overgrown GaN with tungsten properties of two epitaxial-laterally overgrown GaN structures with tungsten masks in 1100 and 1120 direction by tungsten masks3 to prevent the in-diffusion of silicon and oxygen atoms in the overgrown GaN, which

Nabben, Reinhard

115

Journal of Crystal Growth 293 (2006) 273277 A study of semi-insulating GaN grown on AlN buffer/sapphire  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-temperature GaN interlayer. In comparison with the normal GaN grown on sapphire, the crystal quality measurement results of GaN grown directly on an AlN buffer indicated that the as-grown-undoped Ga, or high density of edge-type dislocations [6­10]. However, Fe and other heavy metals tend to have reactor

Ozbay, Ekmel

116

Nanostructural engineering of nitride nucleation layers for GaN substrate dislocation reduction.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With no lattice matched substrate available, sapphire continues as the substrate of choice for GaN growth, because of its reasonable cost and the extensive prior experience using it as a substrate for GaN. Surprisingly, the high dislocation density does not appear to limit UV and blue LED light intensity. However, dislocations may limit green LED light intensity and LED lifetime, especially as LEDs are pushed to higher current density for high end solid state lighting sources. To improve the performance for these higher current density LEDs, simple growth-enabled reductions in dislocation density would be highly prized. GaN nucleation layers (NLs) are not commonly thought of as an application of nano-structural engineering; yet, these layers evolve during the growth process to produce self-assembled, nanometer-scale structures. Continued growth on these nuclei ultimately leads to a fully coalesced film, and we show in this research program that their initial density is correlated to the GaN dislocation density. In this 18 month program, we developed MOCVD growth methods to reduce GaN dislocation densities on sapphire from 5 x 10{sup 8} cm{sup -2} using our standard delay recovery growth technique to 1 x 10{sup 8} cm{sup -2} using an ultra-low nucleation density technique. For this research, we firmly established a correlation between the GaN nucleation thickness, the resulting nucleation density after annealing, and dislocation density of full GaN films grown on these nucleation layers. We developed methods to reduce the nuclei density while still maintaining the ability to fully coalesce the GaN films. Ways were sought to improve the GaN nuclei orientation by improving the sapphire surface smoothness by annealing prior to the NL growth. Methods to eliminate the formation of additional nuclei once the majority of GaN nuclei were developed using a silicon nitride treatment prior to the deposition of the nucleation layer. Nucleation layer thickness was determined using optical reflectance and the nucleation density was determined using atomic force microscopy (AFM) and Nomarski microscopy. Dislocation density was measured using X-ray diffraction and AFM after coating the surface with silicon nitride to delineate all dislocation types. The program milestone of producing GaN films with dislocation densities of 1 x 10{sup 8} cm{sup -2} was met by silicon nitride treatment of annealed sapphire followed by the multiple deposition of a low density of GaN nuclei followed by high temperature GaN growth. Details of this growth process and the underlying science are presented in this final report along with problems encountered in this research and recommendations for future work.

Koleske, Daniel David; Lee, Stephen Roger; Lemp, Thomas Kerr; Coltrin, Michael Elliott; Cross, Karen Charlene; Thaler, Gerald

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Effect of Trapping on the Critical Voltage for Degradation in GaN High Electron Mobility Transistors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conditions, UV illumination decreases the critical voltage for the onset of degradation in gate current in Ga traps in the fresh state. Keywords­ GaN HEMTs, critical voltage, degradation, UV illuminationEffect of Trapping on the Critical Voltage for Degradation in GaN High Electron Mobility

del Alamo, Jesús A.

118

Opportunities for Future Forest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.V.Birnie * Forest Research 1 #12;This document has been prepared in accordance with the requirements of the ISO 9001

119

Forest Road Building Regulations  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources has regulations for building a forest road, if development requires one. Regulations include zoning ordinances and permits for stream crossing, grading...

120

Foothills Model Forest Business Strategy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Foothills Model Forest Business Strategy 2007 ­ 2012 November 2006 #12;Page ii TABLE OF CONTENTS FOOTHILLS MODEL FOREST Business Strategy for April 2007 to March 2012 1.0 INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................................... 4 2.4 Foothills Model Forest Values

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "forest germany gan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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121

Colorado Statewide Forest Resource Assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Colorado Statewide Forest Resource Assessment A Foundation for Strategic Discussion and Private Forestry Redesign Initiative 2 National Guidance for Statewide Forest Resource Assessments 4 The Colorado Statewide Resource Assessment and all appendices are available online on the Colorado State Forest

122

Contributions to the FEL2001 Conference, August 20-24, 2001 in Darmstadt, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contributions to the FEL2001 Conference, August 20-24, 2001 in Darmstadt, Germany October 2001¨ustefeld , (BESSY, Berlin, Germany), ¡ (DESY, Hamburg, Germany), ¢ (UCLA, Los Angeles, USA), £ (MBI, Berlin, Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 V. Balandin, N. Golubeva, M. K¨orfer (DESY, Hamburg, Germany) Studies of Beam Optics

123

Interregional Migration in Germany: Characteristics and Effects for Regions and Migrants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interregional Migration in Germany: Characteristics and Effects for Regions and Migrants Christian of economic activity in East Germany initiated enormous migration flows from East to West Germany. People from East Germany moved towards West Germany, where wages are higher and em- ployment opportunities are more

Pfeifer, Holger

124

Synthesis, morphology and optical properties of GaN and AlGaN semiconductor nanostructures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hexagonal Gallium Nitride (GaN) and Aluminum Gallium Nitride (AlGaN) nanoparticles were synthesized by sol-gel method using Ethylene Diamine Tetra Acetic acid (EDTA) complex route. Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) analysis confirms the hexagonal wurtzite structure of GaN and Al{sub 0.25}Ga{sub 0.75}N nanoparticles. Surface morphology and elemental analysis were carried out by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). The room temperature Photoluminescence (PL) study shows the near band edge emission for GaN at 3.35 eV and at 3.59 eV for AlGaN nanoparticles. The Aluminum (Al) composition of 20% has been obtained from PL emission around 345 nm.

Kuppulingam, B., E-mail: drbaskar2009@gmail.com; Singh, Shubra, E-mail: drbaskar2009@gmail.com; Baskar, K., E-mail: drbaskar2009@gmail.com [Crystal Growth Centre, Anna University, Chennai-600025 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

125

1. Introduction 1.1. Forest definitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

forests), conifer high forest (24 %), coppice (11 %) and coppice with stan- dards (37 %). Most protected

Helsinki, University of

126

ASSIMILATION IN A NEW CONTEXT: THE ROLE OF ORIGIN AND NATIONALITY ON SECOND GENERATION EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT IN GERMANY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

among "Labor Migrants" in Germany“ International Migrationfor labor migrants in Germany,” International Migrationthe former Soviet Union to Germany: Background, trends and

Luthra, Renee Reichl

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Multilingual Development in Germany in the Crossfire of Ideology and Politics: Monolingual and Multilingual Expectations, Polylingual Practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2008. MiGazin. Migration in Germany. “Merkel sagt ‘Ja’ zuW. “Multilingual development in Germany in the crossfire ofand citizenship in Germany: discourses on integration and

Pfaff, Carol W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Ge doped GaN with controllable high carrier concentration for plasmonic applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Controllable Ge doping in GaN is demonstrated for carrier concentrations of up to 2.4?×?10{sup 20} cm{sup ?3}. Low temperature luminescence spectra from the highly doped samples reveal band gap renormalization and band filling (Burstein-Moss shift) in addition to a sharp transition. Infrared ellipsometry spectra demonstrate the existence of electron plasma with an energy around 3500?cm{sup ?1} and a surface plasma with an energy around 2000?cm{sup ?1}. These findings open possibilities for the application of highly doped GaN for plasmonic devices.

Kirste, Ronny; Hoffmann, Marc P.; Sachet, Edward; Bobea, Milena; Bryan, Zachary; Bryan, Isaac; Maria, Jon-Paul; Collazo, Ramón; Sitar, Zlatko [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-7919 (United States)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-7919 (United States); Nenstiel, Christian; Hoffmann, Axel [Institut f?r Festkörperphsyik, TU-Berlin, Hardenbergstrasse 36, 10623 Berlin (Germany)] [Institut f?r Festkörperphsyik, TU-Berlin, Hardenbergstrasse 36, 10623 Berlin (Germany)

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

129

Nucleation and Growth of GaN on GaAs (001) Substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nucleation of GaN thin films on GaAs is investigated for growth at 620 "C. An rf plasma cell is used to generate chemically active nitrogen from N2. An arsenic flux is used in the first eight monolayer of nitride growth to enhance nucleation of the cubic phase. Subsequent growth does not require an As flux to preserve the cubic phase. The nucleation of smooth interfaces and GaN films with low stacking fault densities is dependent upon relative concentrations of active nitrogen species in the plasma and on the nitrogen to gallium flux ratio.

Drummond, Timothy J.; Hafich, Michael J.; Heller, Edwin J.; Lee, Stephen R.; Liliental-Weber, Zuzanna; Ruvimov, Sergei; Sullivan, John P.

1999-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

130

X-ray detectors based on GaN Schottky diodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

GaN Schottky diodes have been fabricated and tested as x-ray detectors in the range from 6 to 21 keV. The spectral response has been measured and is compared to its theoretical value. The study of the response and its temporal dynamics as a function of the bias allows to identify a photovoltaic behavior at low bias and a photoconductive one at larger reverse biases. The GaN diode turned out to be linear as a function of the incident power. The noise and detectivity are given and discussed.

Duboz, Jean-Yves; Frayssinet, Eric; Chenot, Sebastien [CRHEA, CNRS, Rue Bernard Gregory, Sophia Antipolis, F-06560 Valbonne (France); Reverchon, Jean-Luc [THALES R and T, Campus Polytechnique, 1 avenue Augustin Fresnel, F-91767 Palaiseau Cedex (France); Idir, Mourad [Synchrotron SOLEIL L'Orme des Merisiers, Saint-Aubin-BP 48 91192, GIF-sur-Yvette Cedex (France)

2010-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

131

Design and Experimental Characterization of an Erbium Doped GaN Waveguide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

temperatures as compared to other semiconductor host materials such as Si and GaAs. 1540nm optical emission in Er- doped waveguide has also been demonstrated using a 365nm light emitting diode as the optical pumping source. UV pumping above the GaN bandgap....9 eV In Table 2 - 1, GaN is the semiconductor material with the largest bandgap (SiO2 is not a semiconductor), which has proven to be an accomplished host of erbium, with reports of fabrication of light- emitting diodes operating in the visible...

Wang, Qian

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

132

Partially filled intermediate band of Cr-doped GaN films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigated the band structure of sputtered Cr-doped GaN (GaCrN) films using optical absorption, photoelectron yield spectroscopy, and charge transport measurements. It was found that an additional energy band is formed in the intrinsic band gap of GaN upon Cr doping, and that charge carriers in the material move in the inserted band. Prototype solar cells showed enhanced short circuit current and open circuit voltage in the n-GaN/GaCrN/p-GaN structure compared to the GaCrN/p-GaN structure, which validates the proposed concept of an intermediate-band solar cell.

Sonoda, S. [Department of Electronics, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Kyoto 606-8585 (Japan)

2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

133

FOREST CENTRE STORAGE BUILDING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOREST CENTRE STORAGE BUILDING 3 4 5 6 7 8 UniversityDr. 2 1 G r e n f e l l D r i v e MULTI PURPOSE COURT STUDENT RESIDENCES GREEN HOUSE STUDENT RESIDENCES STUDENT RESIDENCES RECPLEX STORAGE BUILDING STORAGE BUILDING LIBRARY & COMPUTING FINE ARTS FOREST CENTRE ARTS &SCIENCE BUILDING ARTS &SCIENCE

deYoung, Brad

134

Forests and historic environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forests and historic environment UK Forestry Standard Guidelines #12;Key to symbols UKFS Reference number #12;Forests and historic environment Forestry Commission: Edinburgh UK Forestry Standard in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government Licence. To view this licence, visit: www

135

International Conference MANAGING FORESTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Edinburgh, UK 1600-1620 Early thinning of energy wood in dense mixtures of Norway spruce and birch Finland, Finland 1640-1700 Long term effect of silviculture measures on forest-floor under Norway spruce management. Kjell Andreassen, Norwegian Forest & Landscape Institute, Norway 1140-1200 Climate change

136

Forest Service Research Note  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hills fire of October 30-November 1, 1967 showing observation sites, Cleveland National Forest, southernU.S.O.A. Forest Service Research Note PSW-183 ABSTRACT: Two fires burned in the same area was rruch more disastrous than the Pine Hills fire of 1967. The earlier fire claimed 11 lives, and covered

Standiford, Richard B.

137

PACIFIC SOUTHWEST FOREST SERVICE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1976 . Disturbance during logging stimulates re- generation of koa. USDA Forest Servo Res. Note PSW-306 and distribution of Acacia koa re- genera tion after logging were studied on a 500-acre (202-ha) tract of koa forest heavily infested with Passi- /1ora mol/issima vines on the island of Hawaii. Koa seedling density

Standiford, Richard B.

138

Alister John Miskimmon, University of Birmingham. RECASTING THE SECURITY BARGAINS: GERMANY, EUROPEAN SECURITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alister John Miskimmon, University of Birmingham. RECASTING THE SECURITY BARGAINS: GERMANY recent developments in European Union (EU) security policy and their implications for Germany's bilateral of a greater EU security capability has significantly affected Germany's bilateral relations with the USA

Sheldon, Nathan D.

139

Spring 2012 Ger 3501: Contemporary Germany "Environmental Debates--Food, Energy, Politics"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spring 2012 Ger 3501: Contemporary Germany "Environmental Debates--Food, Energy, Politics" Course, interpret, and appreciate literary and multi-media texts related to contemporary Germany and environmental, and personal communications). Contemporary Germany/Global Environmental Topics Charlotte Melin, University

Amin, S. Massoud

140

Integrated modelling and assessment of regional groundwater resources in Germany and Benin, West Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Integrated modelling and assessment of regional groundwater resources in Germany and Benin, West.J.S. SONNEVELD [1] Institute of Hydraulic Engineering, Universitaet Stuttgart, Germany (Roland Conservation University of Bonn, Germany [3] Institute of Landscape Planning and Ecology, University

Cirpka, Olaf Arie

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "forest germany gan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

NCCR Trade Regulation Brown Bag Series Dr Franziska Humbert, Policy Advisor Corporate Social Responsibility, Oxfam Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Social Responsibility, Oxfam Germany International Constitutionalism and Child Labour Wednesday, 23, Policy Advisor Corporate Social Responsibility, Oxfam Germany. Abstract The postdoctoral thesis builds of the Speaker Franziska Humbert is a policy advisor on corporate social responsibility at Oxfam Germany

Richner, Heinz

142

Climate change effects on winter chill for fruit crops in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

chill for fruit crops in Germany Abstract To quantify thechange on fruit production in Germany, this study aimed atof typical winter chill in Germany around 2010, as well as

Luedeling, Eike; Blanke, Michael; Gebauer, Jens

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

‘All one could desire’ British women remember life in post war Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of being British in Germany was not experienced in the sameremember life in post war Germany My PhD thesis attempts toof the British occupation of Germany which took place 1945-

Easingwood, Ruth

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Tax Morale after the Reunification of Germany: Results from a Quasi-Natural Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Morale Development in Germany (1990, 1997, 1999) WEIGHTEDTable 8: Tax Morale in West Germany 1981 and 1990 WEIGHTED2005) Black Activities in Germany in 2001 and in 2004: A

Feld, Lars P.; Torgler, Benno

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Making and Unmaking Money: Economic Planning and the Collapse of East Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the Collapse of East Germany Jonathan R. Zatlin BostonGermans were visiting West Germany a year, while around 35is permitted to travel to West Germany, and when he returns,

Zatlin, Jonathan R

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

from the society: 7th International Conference of the IBS to be held in Bayreuth, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

13–15 March 2013 – Göttingen, Germany   4–5 August 2013 – IBS to be held in Bayreuth,  Germany  The  International in  northern Bavaria, Germany, in early January 2015.   The 

Gavin, Daniel G.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Moral Philosophy and the Origins of Modern Aesthetic Theory in Scotland and Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stiftungen. Halle/Saale, Germany. BL British Library.Aufklärung. Halle/Saale, Germany, 9 Dezember 2009. Grunert,depravity of man. In both Germany and Scotland between the

Grote, Simon William

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Tongass National Forest  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two long-term timber contracts in the Tongass National Forest require private companies to harvest prescribed amounts of timber within agreed upon time frames during the 50-year contract life. This report has reviewed the accuracy of Forest Service figures for the volume of timber actually harvested under the two contracts, timber deleted from the private companies' operating plans, and backlogged timber. The author was unable to verify the first two figures because the Forest Service had not complied with all of its internal controls and because documentation and records were incomplete. The author was able to verify the figure for backlogged timber. While the Forest Service has tried to better account for timber prepared for harvesting through improved internal controls, this report believes additional actions are needed to ensure that forest supervisors comply with the internal controls for documenting harvested timber volumes and the information needed to support and report changes in timber sale activities is accurately reported.

Not Available

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

E-Print Network 3.0 - assembly hamburg germany Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

hamburg germany Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: assembly hamburg germany Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Curriculum vitae Name: Arne...

150

GEA Refrigeration Technologies / GEA Refrigeration Germany GmbH Wolfgang Dietrich / Dr. Ole Fredrich  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GEA Refrigeration Technologies / GEA Refrigeration Germany GmbH Wolfgang Dietrich / Dr. Ole Technologies3 Achema 2012 // heat pumps using ammonia Industrial demand on heat in Germany Heatdemandin

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

151

E-Print Network 3.0 - area germany final Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

germany final Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: area germany final Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Innovation Community Program Overview...

152

Piezo-Phototronic Effect on Electroluminescence Properties of p-Type GaN Thin Films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

significance on the practical applications of GaN in optoelectronic devices under a working environment where,9 Recent studies have shown its applications in improving the performance of optoelectronic devices based result in great influence for this most popular III-V semiconductor used in optoelectronic devices

Wang, Zhong L.

153

Optimal Decentralized Protocol for Electric Vehicle Charging Lingwen Gan Ufuk Topcu Steven Low  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract-- Motivated by the power-grid-side challenges in the integration of electric vehicles, we proposeOptimal Decentralized Protocol for Electric Vehicle Charging Lingwen Gan Ufuk Topcu Steven Low a decentralized protocol for negotiating day-ahead charging schedules for electric vehicles. The overall goal

Low, Steven H.

154

K.K. Gan ATLAS Tracker Upgrade Workshop 1 Nov 5, 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Upgrade Workshop 5 Optical Fiber Irradiation Corning Infinicor GRIN fiber irradiated with 's from Co60 Upgrade Workshop 6 Optical Fiber Irradiation assume L = 3,000 fb-1 including safety factor of 1 Radiation-Hardness of Optical Components #12;K.K. Gan ATLAS Tracker Upgrade Workshop 2 Outline

Gan, K. K.

155

K.K. Gan ATLAS Tracker Upgrade Workshop 1 Irradiation Results and Transmission on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power vs Dosage all VCSELs still produce optical power at SLHC dosage should irradiate at lower Workshop 14 Post-Irradiation Analysis all arrays except ULM 5 G still produce optical power post-irradiationK.K. Gan ATLAS Tracker Upgrade Workshop 1 Irradiation Results and Transmission on Small Cables

Gan, K. K.

156

Fermi Level Control of Point Defects During Growth of Mg-Doped GaN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and photodetectors have been developed, but the optical transitions in GaN:Mg are still not well under- stood.2 Mg.1007/s11664-012-2342-9 Ã? 2012 TMS #12;irradiation during growth affected the material, but the nature demonstrate point defect control in Mg-doped GaN, by UV irradiation during growth. First, details

Nabben, Reinhard

157

K.K. Gan ATLAS Tracker Ungrade Workshop 1 Bandwidths of Micro Twisted-Pair Cables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/fall time after irradiation? What is optical power after irradiation? What current is needed for annealing Spliced SIMM-GRIN Fibers and Radiation Hardness of PIN/VCSEL Dec 8, 2006 W. Fernando, K.K. Gan, A. Law, H Bandwidth of micro twisted-pair cables Bandwidth of fusion spliced SIMM-GRIN fibers Radiation hardness

Gan, K. K.

158

K.K. Gan IPRD06 1 Bandwidths of Micro Twisted-Pair Cables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A or more What is rise/fall time after irradiation? What is optical power after irradiation? What currentK.K. Gan IPRD06 1 Bandwidths of Micro Twisted-Pair Cables and Fusion Spliced SIMM-GRIN Fibers Introduction Bandwidth of micro twisted-pair cables Bandwidth of fusion spliced SIMM-GRIN fibers Radiation

Gan, K. K.

159

Reverse-bias leakage current reduction in GaN Schottky diodes by electrochemical surface treatment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reverse-bias leakage current reduction in GaN Schottky diodes by electrochemical surface treatment Received 15 July 2002; accepted 27 December 2002 An electrochemical surface treatment has been developed to the large power consumption and noise levels that can be present in circuits that incorporate such devices.1

Yu, Edward T.

160

VISIBLE AND INFRARED RARE-EARTH ACTIVATED ELECTROLUMINESCENCE FROM ERBIUM DOPED GaN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. At the same time novel work is being conducted using rare earth elements as sources of light emission. Results. III-V semiconductors doped with rare-earth elements have also been used10VISIBLE AND INFRARED RARE-EARTH ACTIVATED ELECTROLUMINESCENCE FROM ERBIUM DOPED GaN M. Garter*, R

Steckl, Andrew J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "forest germany gan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

An Effective Subdivision Algorithm for Diffuse Scattering of Ray Tracing Mingming Gan1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Electrical and Information Technology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden Contact: gan@ftw.at Abstract Accurate modeling of electromagnetic wave propagation by means of ray tracing (RT) includes by evaluating the power delay profile (PDP), delay spread and angular spread. 1 Introduction Diffuse scattering

Zemen, Thomas

162

Lattice Protein Folding With Two and Four-Body Statistical Hin Hark Gan,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lattice Protein Folding With Two and Four-Body Statistical Potentials Hin Hark Gan,1 Alexander/sequence compatibility of proteins,5,6 homology modeling,7 and protein folding simulations.8 ­10 Currently, most structures. Multibody potentials may help improve our understanding of the cooperativity of protein folding

Schlick, Tamar

163

Tunnel-injection GaN quantum dot ultraviolet light-emitting diodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate a GaN quantum dot ultraviolet light-emitting diode that uses tunnel injection of carriers through AlN barriers into the active region. The quantum dot heterostructure is grown by molecular beam epitaxy on AlN templates. The large lattice mismatch between GaN and AlN favors the formation of GaN quantum dots in the Stranski-Krastanov growth mode. Carrier injection by tunneling can mitigate losses incurred in hot-carrier injection in light emitting heterostructures. To achieve tunnel injection, relatively low composition AlGaN is used for n- and p-type layers to simultaneously take advantage of effective band alignment and efficient doping. The small height of the quantum dots results in short-wavelength emission and are simultaneously an effective tool to fight the reduction of oscillator strength from quantum-confined Stark effect due to polarization fields. The strong quantum confinement results in room-temperature electroluminescence peaks at 261 and 340 nm, well above the 365 nm bandgap of bulk GaN. The demonstration opens the doorway to exploit many varied features of quantum dot physics to realize high-efficiency short-wavelength light sources.

Verma, Jai; Kandaswamy, Prem Kumar; Protasenko, Vladimir; Verma, Amit; Grace Xing, Huili; Jena, Debdeep [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)] [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)

2013-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

164

PACIFIC SOUTHWEST Forest and Range  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of forest stands is valuable for studies of the physical environment. Energy balance research centers on howPACIFIC SOUTHWEST Forest and Range Experiment Station FOREST SERVICE U.S. DEPARTMENT in relation to climatic and stand variables USDA FOREST SERVICE RESEARCH PAPER PSW- 71 /1971 #12;CONTENTS

Standiford, Richard B.

165

PACIFIC SOUTHWEST Forest and Range  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C. Hathaway, both of the Black Hills National Forest, Custer, South Dakota, provided the necessaryPACIFIC SOUTHWEST Forest and Range FOREST SERVICE U. S.DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE P.O. BOX 245, BERKELEY, CALIFORNIA 94701 Experiment Station USDA FOREST SERVICE RESEARCH PAPER PSW- 96 /1973 #12;CONTENTS

Standiford, Richard B.

166

Broadband Wireless Internet Access in Public Transportation1 Andreas Roos, University of Applied Sciences Leipzig, 04277 Leipzig, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sciences Leipzig, 04277 Leipzig, Germany Nico Bayer, University of Applied Sciences Friedberg, 61169 Friedberg, Germany Dmitry Sivchenko, University of Applied Sciences Friedberg, 61169 Friedberg, Germany Michael Flegl, University of Applied Sciences Leipzig, 04277 Leipzig, Germany Profn. Dr. Sabine Wieland

Rakocevic, Veselin

167

Howland Forest David Hollinger, USDA Forest Service  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; · An old-growth forest is a unique ecological endpoint · Long-term record of carbon is on factors that regulate long term carbon storage · Infrastructure · Topography experiment (21 ha) Canopy application, 18 kg N ha-1 y-1 (NH4NO3) C Sequestration Assessed in 3 Ways: · Eddy

168

Ultra High p-doping Material Research for GaN Based Light Emitters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main goal of the Project is to investigate doping mechanisms in p-type GaN and AlGaN and controllably fabricate ultra high doped p-GaN materials and epitaxial structures. Highly doped p-type GaN-based materials with low electrical resistivity and abrupt doping profiles are of great importance for efficient light emitters for solid state lighting (SSL) applications. Cost-effective hydride vapor phase epitaxial (HVPE) technology was proposed to investigate and develop p-GaN materials for SSL. High p-type doping is required to improve (i) carrier injection efficiency in light emitting p-n junctions that will result in increasing of light emitting efficiency, (ii) current spreading in light emitting structures that will improve external quantum efficiency, and (iii) parameters of Ohmic contacts to reduce operating voltage and tolerate higher forward currents needed for the high output power operation of light emitters. Highly doped p-type GaN layers and AlGaN/GaN heterostructures with low electrical resistivity will lead to novel device and contact metallization designs for high-power high efficiency GaN-based light emitters. Overall, highly doped p-GaN is a key element to develop light emitting devices for the DOE SSL program. The project was focused on material research for highly doped p-type GaN materials and device structures for applications in high performance light emitters for general illumination P-GaN and p-AlGaN layers and multi-layer structures were grown by HVPE and investigated in terms of surface morphology and structure, doping concentrations and profiles, optical, electrical, and structural properties. Tasks of the project were successfully accomplished. Highly doped GaN materials with p-type conductivity were fabricated. As-grown GaN layers had concentration N{sub a}-N{sub d} as high as 3 x 10{sup 19} cm{sup -3}. Mechanisms of doping were investigated and results of material studies were reported at several International conferences providing better understanding of p-type GaN formation for Solid State Lighting community. Grown p-type GaN layers were used as substrates for blue and green InGaN-based LEDs made by HVPE technology at TDI. These results proved proposed technical approach and facilitate fabrication of highly conductive p-GaN materials by low-cost HVPE technology for solid state lighting applications. TDI has started the commercialization of p-GaN epitaxial materials.

Vladimir Dmitriev

2007-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

169

High Efficiency m-plane LEDs on Low Defect Density Bulk GaN Substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solid-state lighting is a key technology for reduction of energy consumption in the US and worldwide. In principle, by replacing standard incandescent bulbs and other light sources with sources based on light-emitting diodes (LEDs), ultimate energy efficiency can be achieved. The efficiency of LEDs has improved tremendously over the past two decades, however further progress is required for solid- state lighting to reach its full potential. The ability of an LED at converting electricity to light is quantified by its internal quantum efficiency (IQE). The material of choice for visible LEDs is Gallium Nitride (GaN), which is at the basis of blue-emitting LEDs. A key factor limiting the performance of GaN LEDs is the so-called efficiency droop, whereby the IQE of the LED decreases significantly at high current density. Despite decades of research, efficiency droop remains a major issue. Since high-current operation is necessary for practical lighting applications, reducing droop is a major challenge for the scientific community and the LED industry. Our approach to solving the droop issue is the use of newly available low-defect-density bulk GaN non-polar substrates. In contrast to the standard foreign substrates (sapphire, silicon carbide, silicon) used in the industry, we have employed native bulk GaN substrates with very low defect density, thus ensuring exquisite material quality and high IQE. Whereas all commercial LEDs are grown along the c-plane crystal direction of GaN, we have used m-plane non-polar substrates; these drastically modify the physical properties of the LED and enable a reduction of droop. With this approach, we have demonstrated very high IQE performance and low droop. Our results focused on violet and blue LEDs. For these, we have demonstrated very high peak IQEs and current droops of 6% and 10% respectively (up to a high current density of 200A.cm-2). All these results were obtained under electrical operation. These high IQE and low droop values are in line with the program’s milestones. They demonstrate that bulk non-polar GaN substrates represent a disruptive technology for LED performance. Application of this technology to real-world products is feasible, provided that the cost of GaN substrates is compatible with the market’s requirement.

David, Aurelien

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

170

Ab initio density functional theory study of non-polar (101{sup ¯}0),?(112{sup ¯}0) and semipolar (202{sup ¯}1) GaN surfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The atomic structures of non-polar GaN(101{sup ¯}0),?(112{sup ¯}0) and semipolar GaN(202{sup ¯}1),?(202{sup ¯}1{sup ¯}) surfaces were studied using ab initio calculations within density functional theory. The bulk-like truncated (1?×?1) structure with buckled Ga-N or Ga-Ga dimers was found stable on the non-polar GaN(101{sup ¯}0) surface in agreement with previous works. Ga-N heterodimers were found energetically stable on the GaN(112{sup ¯}0)-(1?×?1) surface. The formation of vacancies and substitution site defects was found unfavorable for non-polar GaN surfaces. Semipolar GaN(202{sup ¯}1)-(1?×?1) surface unit cells consist of non-polar (101{sup ¯}0) and semipolar (101{sup ¯}1) nano-facets. The (101{sup ¯}1) nano-facets consist of two-fold coordinated atoms, which form N-N dimers within a (2?×?1) surface unit cell on a GaN(202{sup ¯}1) surface. Dimers are not formed on the GaN(202{sup ¯}1{sup ¯}) surface. The stability of the surfaces with single (101{sup ¯}0) or (101{sup ¯}1) nano-facets was analyzed. A single non-polar (101{sup ¯}0)-(1?×?1) nano-facet was found stable on the GaN(202{sup ¯}1) surface, but unstable on the GaN(202{sup ¯}1{sup ¯}) surface. A single (101{sup ¯}1) nano-facet was found unstable. Semipolar GaN surfaces with (202{sup ¯}1) and (202{sup ¯}1{sup ¯}) polarity can be stabilized with a Ga overlayer at Ga-rich experimental conditions.

Mutombo, P.; Romanyuk, O., E-mail: romanyuk@fzu.cz [Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Cukrovarnická 10, 16200 Prague (Czech Republic)

2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

171

Jan Hendrik Bruinier II Anna von Pippich Fabrizio Andreatta -Milan, Italy II Massimo Bertolini -Essen, Germany II Siegfried Bcherer -  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Massimo Bertolini - Essen, Germany II Siegfried Böcherer - Mannheim, Germany II Thanasis Bouganis - Durham II Jay Jorgenson - New York, USA II Winfried Kohnen - Heidelberg, Germany II Jürg Kramer - Berlin, Germany II Siddarth Sankaran - Bonn, Germany II Maryna Viazovska - Bonn, Germany II Tonghai Yang - Madison

Haller-Dintelmann, Robert

172

Selecting a Consulting Forester  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Landowners often need professional help after a weather-related disaster has damaged timber stands. A consulting forester can help a landowner develop management strategies that fit the landowner's objectives. This publication includes a checklist...

Taylor, Eric; Foster, C. Darwin

2005-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

173

The Mormons in Nazi Germany: History and Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of scholars at Brigham Young University. They feared that Hubener's example would incite Mormon youth to rebel against dictators abroad, hurt the church's relations with communist East Germany, and would offend recent German Mormon immigrants in Utah. A few...

Nelson, David Conley 1953-

2012-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

174

Substrate-dependent wetting layer formation during GaN growth: Impact on the morphology of the films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have compared epitaxial growth of GaN films on 6H-SiC(0001)-({radical}(3)x{radical}(3))R30 deg. -Ga and on (0001)-sapphire. Predeposited Ga layers were nitrided by ion beam assisted molecular beam epitaxy. Whereas on SiC the initially deposited Ga covers the substrate surface completely, on sapphire only Ga droplets are present. The different distribution of the predeposited Ga affects the morphology of GaN significantly. Scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy analysis of the grown films show that the complete wetting of the SiC substrate with Ga enhances finally the size and the flatness of GaN terraces and thus the quality of the film. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements reveal that metallic Ga resides also on top of the GaN films during the growth.

Sidorenko, A.; Peisert, H.; Neumann, H.; Chasse, T. [Universitaet Tuebingen, Institut fuer Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, Auf der Morgenstelle 8, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Leibniz-Institut fuer Oberflaechenmodifizierung e.V. Permoserstrasse 15, D-04318 Leipzig (Germany); Universitaet Tuebingen, Institut fuer Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, Auf der Morgenstelle 8, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany)

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

175

LET THE SUN SHINE: OPTIMAL DEPLOYMENT OF PHOTOVOLTAICS IN GERMANY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/kWh, depending on its location as well as on the size and type of PV system used (EPIA Report, 2011). InvestmentLET THE SUN SHINE: OPTIMAL DEPLOYMENT OF PHOTOVOLTAICS IN GERMANY Anna CRETI Jérôme JOAUG Cahier n:chantal.poujouly@polytechnique.edu hal-00751743,version1-14Nov2012 #12;Let the sun shine: optimal deployment of photovoltaics in Germany

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

176

Influence of growth temperature and temperature ramps on deep level defect incorporation in m-plane GaN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dependence of deep level defect incorporation in m-plane GaN films grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition on bulk m-plane GaN substrates as a function of growth temperature (T{sub g}) and T{sub g} ramping method was investigated using deep level optical spectroscopy. Understanding the influence of T{sub g} on GaN deep level incorporation is important for InGaN/GaN multi-quantum well (MQW) light emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes (LDs) because GaN quantum barrier (QB) layers are grown much colder than thin film GaN to accommodate InGaN QW growth. Deep level spectra of low T{sub g} (800?°C) GaN films grown under QB conditions were compared to deep level spectra of high T{sub g} (1150?°C) GaN. Reducing T{sub g}, increased the defect density significantly (>50×) through introduction of emergent deep level defects at 2.09?eV and 2.9?eV below the conduction band minimum. However, optimizing growth conditions during the temperature ramp when transitioning from high to low T{sub g} substantially reduced the density of these emergent deep levels by approximately 40%. The results suggest that it is important to consider the potential for non-radiative recombination in QBs of LED or LD active regions, and tailoring the transition from high T{sub g} GaN growth to active layer growth can mitigate such non-radiative channels.

Armstrong, A. M., E-mail: aarmstr@sandia.gov [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Kelchner, K. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)] [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Nakamura, S.; DenBaars, S. P. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States) [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Speck, J. S. [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)] [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

177

Photoluminescence study of the 1.047 eV emission in GaN K. Pressela)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GaN/ AlGaN blue green light emitting diode, which has a much higher quantum efficiency than the SiC blue light emitting diode, became possible.2 Presently the wide bandgap semi- conductor GaN is intensively. Especially the 1.19 eV is very intense. Thus one can think of developing a light emitting diode in the near

Nabben, Reinhard

178

Growth and characterizations of GaN micro-rods on graphene films for flexible light emitting diodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the growth of GaN micro-rods and coaxial quantum-well heterostructures on graphene films, together with structural and optical characterization, for applications in flexible optical devices. Graphene films were grown on Cu foil by means of chemical vapor deposition, and used as the substrates for the growth of the GaN micro-rods, which were subsequently transferred onto SiO{sub 2}/Si substrates. Highly Si-doped, n-type GaN micro-rods were grown on the graphene films using metal–organic chemical vapor deposition. The growth and vertical alignment of the GaN micro-rods, which is a critical factor for the fabrication of high-performance light-emitting diodes (LEDs), were characterized using electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The GaN micro-rods exhibited promising photoluminescence characteristics for optoelectronic device applications, including room-temperature stimulated emission. To fabricate flexible LEDs, In{sub x}Ga{sub 1–x}N/GaN multiple quantum wells and a p-type GaN layer were deposited coaxially on the GaN micro-rods, and transferred onto Ag-coated polymer substrates using lift-off. Ti/Au and Ni/Au metal layers were formed to provide electrical contacts to the n-type and p-type GaN regions, respectively. The micro-rod LEDs exhibited intense emission of visible light, even after transfer onto the flexible polymer substrate, and reliable operation was achieved following numerous cycles of mechanical deformation.

Chung, Kunook; Beak, Hyeonjun; Tchoe, Youngbin; Oh, Hongseok; Yi, Gyu-Chul, E-mail: gcyi@snu.ac.kr [Department of Physics and Astronomy, and Institute of Applied Physics, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747 (Korea, Republic of); Yoo, Hyobin; Kim, Miyoung [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-744 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

AIMS, Dresden, Germany, May 25-28, 2010 Higher Order Operator-Splitting Methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AIMS, Dresden, Germany, May 25-28, 2010 Higher Order Operator-Splitting Methods based on Zassenhaus Univerist¨at zu Berlin, D- Berlin, Germany AIMS, Dresden, Germany, May 25-28, 2010 Gamze Tanoglu, J¨urgen Geiser Higher Order Operator-Splitting Methods #12;AIMS, Dresden, Germany, May 25-28, 2010 Outline 1

Geiser, Juergen

180

More Effective Aid, More Prestige Why Germany should europeanize its humanitarian  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

More Effective Aid, More Prestige Why Germany should europeanize its humanitarian assistance 04/04/2014 | Category: Humanitarian Intervention, Germany by Matteo Garavoglia If Germany would like to play a more profile. Royal Navy Media Archive, CC BY In the field of humanitarian assistance, Germany punches below

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "forest germany gan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Landfills a thing of the past in Germany where advanced waste management By Evridiki Bersi -Kathimerini  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Landfills a thing of the past in Germany where advanced waste management rules By Evridiki Bersi but that day has already come in Germany. On June 1, 2005, Germany imposed a ban on traditional garbage dumps, replacing them with one of the most advanced waste-management systems in the world. In the 1970s, Germany

Columbia University

182

Impacts of high energy prices on long-term energy-economic scenarios for Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Impacts of high energy prices on long-term energy-economic scenarios for Germany Volker Krey1 , Dag and Technology Evaluation (IEF-STE), 52425 Jülich, Germany 2) DIW Berlin, Königin-Luise-Str. 5, 14195 Berlin, Germany 3) �ko-Institut, Novalisstr. 10, 10115 Berlin, Germany Abstract Prices of oil and other fossil

183

Materials physics and device development for improved efficiency of GaN HEMT high power amplifiers.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

GaN-based microwave power amplifiers have been identified as critical components in Sandia's next generation micro-Synthetic-Aperture-Radar (SAR) operating at X-band and Ku-band (10-18 GHz). To miniaturize SAR, GaN-based amplifiers are necessary to replace bulky traveling wave tubes. Specifically, for micro-SAR development, highly reliable GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs), which have delivered a factor of 10 times improvement in power performance compared to GaAs, need to be developed. Despite the great promise of GaN HEMTs, problems associated with nitride materials growth currently limit gain, linearity, power-added-efficiency, reproducibility, and reliability. These material quality issues are primarily due to heteroepitaxial growth of GaN on lattice mismatched substrates. Because SiC provides the best lattice match and thermal conductivity, SiC is currently the substrate of choice for GaN-based microwave amplifiers. Obviously for GaN-based HEMTs to fully realize their tremendous promise, several challenges related to GaN heteroepitaxy on SiC must be solved. For this LDRD, we conducted a concerted effort to resolve materials issues through in-depth research on GaN/AlGaN growth on SiC. Repeatable growth processes were developed which enabled basic studies of these device layers as well as full fabrication of microwave amplifiers. Detailed studies of the GaN and AlGaN growth of SiC were conducted and techniques to measure the structural and electrical properties of the layers were developed. Problems that limit device performance were investigated, including electron traps, dislocations, the quality of semi-insulating GaN, the GaN/AlGaN interface roughness, and surface pinning of the AlGaN gate. Surface charge was reduced by developing silicon nitride passivation. Constant feedback between material properties, physical understanding, and device performance enabled rapid progress which eventually led to the successful fabrication of state of the art HEMT transistors and amplifiers.

Kurtz, Steven Ross; Follstaedt, David Martin; Wright, Alan Francis; Baca, Albert G.; Briggs, Ronald D.; Provencio, Paula Polyak; Missert, Nancy A.; Allerman, Andrew Alan; Marsh, Phil F.; Koleske, Daniel David; Lee, Stephen Roger; Shul, Randy John; Seager, Carleton Hoover; Tigges, Christopher P.

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

5 Putting Science into Action on Forest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5 Putting Science into Action on Forest Service Lands William M. Block u.s. Forest Service, Rocky into Action on Forest Service Lands t':: Research and Development, National Forest Systems, State and Private Forestry, International Programs

185

Eigen Lecture Hall, MPIbpc, Am Fassberg 11 Dec 5-6 , 2014, Gttingen, GermanyDec 5-6 , 2014, Gttingen, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eigen Lecture Hall, MPIbpc, Am Fassberg 11 Dec 5-6 , 2014, Göttingen, GermanyDec 5-6 , 2014, Göttingen, Germany Membrane Biophysics Symposium Organizers: Stefan Hell, Tobias Moser, Walter Stühmer

Gollisch, Tim

186

ASEM Conference on Forests, forest governance and timber products trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and illegal logging: drivers for change in the forest sector Thang Hooi Chiew (ASEAN) "Promoting Forest Law Enforcement and Governance (FLEG) through the ASEAN Regional Knowledge Network on FLEG in ASEAN Member States) ­ Enhancing intra-and extra- ASEAN trade and competitiveness of ASEAN forest products Discussion 10:30 - 11

187

Subpicosecond time-resolved Raman studies of nonequilibrium excitations in wurtzite GaN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Non-equilibrium electron distributions as well as phonon dynamics in wurtzite GaN have been measured by subpicosecond time-resolved Raman spectroscopy. The experimental results have demonstrated that for electron densities n {ge} 5 {times} 10{sup 17} cm{sup {minus}3}, the non-equilibrium electron distributions in wurtzite GaN can be very well described by Fermi-Dirac distribution functions with the temperature of electrons substantially higher than that of the lattice. The population relaxation time of longitudinal optical phonons was directly measured to be {tau} {approx_equal} 5 {+-} 1 ps at T = 25 K. The experimental results on the temperature dependence of the lifetime of longitudinal optical phonons suggest that the primary decay channels for these phonons are the decay into (1) one transverse optical phonon and one high energy, longitudinal or transverse acoustical phonons; and (2) one transverse optical phonon and one E{sub 2} phonon.

Tsen, K.T.; Ferry, D.K. [Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Joshi, R.P. [Old Dominion Univ., Norfolk, VA (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering; Botchkarev, A.; Sverdlov, B.; Salvador, A.; Morkoc, H. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States). Coordinated Science Lab.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

188

Strong light-matter coupling in ultrathin double dielectric mirror GaN microcavities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Strong light-matter coupling is demonstrated at low temperature in an ultrathin GaN microcavity fabricated using two silica/zirconia Bragg mirrors, in addition to a three-period epitaxial (Al,Ga)N mirror serving as an etch stop and assuring good quality of the overgrown GaN. The {lambda}/2 cavity is grown by molecular beam epitaxy on a Si substrate. Analysis of angle-resolved data reveal key features of the strong coupling regime in both reflectivity and transmission spectra at 5 K: anticrossing with a normal mode splitting of 43{+-}2 meV and 56{+-}2 meV for reflectivity and transmission, respectively, and narrowing of the lower polariton linewidth near resonance.

Bejtka, K.; Martin, R. W. [Department of Physics, SUPA, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NG (United Kingdom); CRHEA-CNRS, Rue Bernard Gregory, Parc Sophia Antipolis, 06560 Valbonne (France); Reveret, F.; Vasson, A.; Leymarie, J. [LASMEA, UMR 6602 UBP/CNRS, 24 Avenue des Landais, F-63177 Aubiere Cedex (France); Edwards, P. R. [Department of Physics, SUPA, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NG (United Kingdom); Sellers, I. R.; Duboz, J. Y.; Leroux, M.; Semond, F. [CRHEA-CNRS, Rue Bernard Gregory, Parc Sophia Antipolis, 06560 Valbonne (France)

2008-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

189

Spectroscopic study of semipolar (112{sup ¯}2)-HVPE GaN exhibiting high oxygen incorporation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spatially resolved luminescence and Raman spectroscopy investigations are applied to a series of (112{sup ¯}2)-GaN samples grown by hydride vapor phase epitaxy (HVPE) grown over an initial layer deposited by metal organic vapor phase epitaxy on patterned sapphire substrates. Whereas these two differently grown GaN layers are crystallographically homogeneous, they differ largely in their doping level due to high unintentional oxygen uptake in the HVPE layer. This high doping shows up in luminescence spectra, which can be explained by a free-electron recombination band for which an analytical model considering the Burstein-Moss shift, conduction band tailing, and the bandgap renormalization is included. Secondary ion mass spectrometry, Raman spectroscopy, and Hall measurements concordantly determine the electron density to be above 10{sup 19?}cm{sup ?3}. In addition, the strain state is assessed by Raman spectroscopy and compared to a finite element analysis.

Schustek, Philipp, E-mail: philipp.schustek@gmail.com [Institute of Quantum Matter, Ulm University, 89081 Ulm (Germany); Research Unit, Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu and Foundation Sant Joan de Déu, Esplugues de Llobregat, 08950, Barcelona (Spain); Hocker, Matthias; Thonke, Klaus [Institute of Quantum Matter, Ulm University, 89081 Ulm (Germany); Klein, Martin; Scholz, Ferdinand [Institute of Optoelectronics, Ulm University, 89081 Ulm (Germany); Simon, Ulrich [Scientific Computing Centre Ulm, Ulm University, 89081 Ulm (Germany)

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

190

Charge transfer in Fe-doped GaN: The role of the donor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several nitride-based device structures would benefit from the availability of high quality, large-area, freestanding semi-insulating GaN substrates. Due to the intrinsic n-type nature of GaN, however, the incorporation of compensating centers such as Fe is necessary to achieve the high resistivity required. We are using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) to explore charge transfer in 450 um thick GaN:Fe plates to understand the basic mechanisms related to compensation so that the material may be optimized for device applications. The results suggest that the simple model based on one shallow donor and a single Fe level is insufficient to describe compensation. Rather, the observation of the neutral donor and Fe3+ indicates that either the two species are spatially segregated or additional compensating and donor defects must be present.

Sunay, Ustun; Dashdorj, J.; Zvanut, M. E.; Harrison, J. G. [Department of Physics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1300 University Blvd., CH 310, Birmingham, Alabama 35294-1170 (United States); Leach, J. H.; Udwary, K. [Kyma Technologies, 8829 Midway West Rd., Raleigh, North Carolina 27617 (United States)

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

191

Forest fires: from economic assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and increasing deadwood, increasing recreation activities in forests, climate change, ... ) need for multi and Merlo, 2005 - Mediterranean Forest Values:37-68 133 ha-1 (overall average value in 18 Mediterranean

Pettenella, Davide

192

Structure and electronic properties of mixed (a?+?c) dislocation cores in GaN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Classical atomistic models and atomic-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy studies of GaN films reveal that mixed (a?+?c)-type dislocations have multiple different core structures, including a dissociated structure consisting of a planar fault on one of the (12{sup ¯}10) planes terminated by two different partial dislocations. Density functional theory calculations show that all cores introduce localized states into the band gap, which affects device performance.

Horton, M. K., E-mail: m.horton11@imperial.ac.uk [Department Materials, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Rhode, S. L. [Department Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, Charles Babbage Road, Cambridge CB3 0FS (United Kingdom); Moram, M. A. [Department Materials, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Department Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, Charles Babbage Road, Cambridge CB3 0FS (United Kingdom)

2014-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

193

K.K. Gan IWORID-8 1 Bandwidths of Micro Twisted-Pair Cables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-V Characteristics very good optical power candidate for irradiation study Optowell TP85-LCP0N 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2K.K. Gan IWORID-8 1 Bandwidths of Micro Twisted-Pair Cables and Fusion Spliced SIMM-GRIN Fibers Bandwidth of micro twisted-pair cables Bandwidth of fusion spliced SIMM-GRIN fibers Measurement of VCSEL

Gan, K. K.

194

K.K. Gan DPF/JPS06 1 Bandwidths of Micro Twisted-Pair Cables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/fall time after irradiation? What is optical power after irradiation? What current is needed for annealing during irradiation SLHC AOC 71 MRad 0.0 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.8 0 100 200 300 400 Time (Hours) DataOpticalPK.K. Gan DPF/JPS06 1 Bandwidths of Micro Twisted-Pair Cables and Fusion Spliced SIMM-GRIN Fibers

Gan, K. K.

195

K.K. Gan US Pixel Meeting 1 Tracker Optical Link Upgrade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-V Characteristics very good optical power candidate for irradiation study AOC HFE419X-441 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2 Pixel Meeting 10 I-L and I-V Characteristics very good optical power candidate for irradiation study 2500 OpticalPower(µW) #12;K.K. Gan US Pixel Meeting 11 Bandwidth of Spliced Fiber 29 m spliced fiber20

Gan, K. K.

196

K.K. Gan ATLAS Pixel Week 1 New Results on Opto-Electronics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with lower thresholds with BPM/DRX ] opto-board design is compatible with BPM/DRX PIN Current Thresholds with BPM/DRX 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 link#1 link#2 link#3 link#4 link#5 link#6 link#7 Ipin(mA) Opto-Board on Test Board Opto-Board on Test Board with BPM/DRX #12;K.K. Gan ATLAS Pixel Week 8 l one irradiated VCSEL

Gan, K. K.

197

Majoring in Forest Resources & Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOR 3153C Forest Ecology 3 credits FOR 4664 Sustainable Ecotourism Development 3 credits SWS 3022 and SWS

Hill, Jeffrey E.

198

ForestDevelopment Community Forestry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Africa as a basis for developing applied integrated, multiple use forest resource management for timber and non-timber forest products from these systems, and for forest rehabilitation af- ter degradation from to Fusarium circinatum. Forestry companies worldwide have tried to hybridise P. radiata with other Pinus

Geldenhuys, Jaco

199

Majoring in Forest Resources & Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and management. The program emphasizes sustainable, multiple-use management and includes substantial field work work, etc.) Fall FNR 4624C Field Operations for Management of Ecosystems 3 credits FNR 4660 NaturalMajoring in Forest Resources & Conservation Specialization: Forest Resource Management Forest

Hill, Jeffrey E.

200

1111 Emulating Natural Forest Landscape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1111 1111 Emulating Natural Forest Landscape Disturbances Concepts and Applications Edited by AJITH forest landscape disturbances: concepts and applications / edited by Ajith H. Perera, LisaJ. Buse, THOMAS A. SPIES , and ETSUKO NONAKA Forest landscapes in the Oregon Coast Range have changed considerably

Wright, Dawn Jeannine

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "forest germany gan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

National Forest Inventory of Great  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Forest Inventory of Great Britain Survey Manual #12;2 Remember to Save your Edit Session Regularly, Validate the information and Backup the Data NFI Survey Manual National Forest Inventory Survey in the surveys contributes to the National Forest Inventory (NFI) of Great Britain. With the information from

202

Mensuration protocol National Forest Inventory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NFI: Mensuration protocol for the National Forest Inventory June 2010 E. D. Mackie, R. W. Matthews and A. Brewer1 FR Biometrics Division 1 IFOS, Forestry Commission #12;National Forest Inventory (NFI or square boundary. In the case of a section 2 #12;National Forest Inventory (NFI): Mensuration Protocol

203

Research Report Forests and carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, baseline, carbon, climate change mitigation, forestry, quality assurance, sequestration. FCRP013/FCResearch Report Forests and carbon: a review of additionality #12;#12;Forests and carbon: a review. ISBN 978-0-85538-816-4 Valatin, G. (2011). Forests and carbon: a review of additionality. Forestry

204

Forest Biomass and Lignocellulosic Materials Forest-derived biopolymers lignin and cellulose  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forest Biomass and Lignocellulosic Materials Forest-derived biopolymers lignin and cellulose of sustainable products such as nanocellulose and biocomposites from forest biomass; biorefining to develop high

Li, Mo

205

Denazification in the American Zone of Germany, 1945-1948  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DENAEIFICATION IN THE AMERICAN 'ZONE OF GERMANY; 1945-1948 A Thesis RICHARD LEE MCHENRY, JR, Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS December 1982... Major Subject: History DENAZIFICATION IN THE AMERICAN ZONE OF GERMANY; 1945-1948 A Thesis by RICHARD LEE MCHENRY, JR, Approved as to style and content by: a ( hairma of ommittee p-~) f l (Member (Me er Head of Departmen December 1982...

McHenry, Richard Lee

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Ohio's Forests Resource Bulletin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Butler, Grant M. Domke, Douglas M. Griffith, Cassandra M. Kurtz, W. Keith Moser, Randall S. Morin, Mark D. Nelson, Rachel Riemann, and Christopher W. Woodall Contact Author: Richard Widmann, rwidmann Station, Amherst, MA. Grant M. Domke, Mark D. Nelson, and Christopher W. Woodall are research foresters

207

Forest Landscape Description and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forest Landscape Description and Inventories a basis for landplanning and design Pacific Southwest landscape description and inventories ­ a basis for land plan- ning and design. Berkeley, Calif., Pacific SW. Illustrates their application in two inventories made to aid managers and landscape architects in planning

Standiford, Richard B.

208

Extension Note Forest Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-based harvesting systems led to the development of the "Site Degradation Guidelines for the Vancouver Forest Region to validate soil disturbance guidelines, were lacking at that time. Early attempts had been made to assess, and to measure tree growth over the longer term as an indication of site productivity. The first trial

209

Multicycle rapid thermal annealing optimization of Mg-implanted GaN: Evolution of surface, optical, and structural properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first step of a multi-cycle rapid thermal annealing process was systematically studied. The surface, structure, and optical properties of Mg implanted GaN thin films annealed at temperatures ranging from 900 to 1200?°C were investigated by Raman spectroscopy, photoluminescence, UV-visible spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, and Nomarski microscopy. The GaN thin films are capped with two layers of in-situ metal organic chemical vapor deposition -grown AlN and annealed in 24 bar of N{sub 2} overpressure to avoid GaN decomposition. The crystal quality of the GaN improves with increasing annealing temperature as confirmed by UV-visible spectroscopy and the full widths at half maximums of the E{sub 2} and A{sub 1} (LO) Raman modes. The crystal quality of films annealed above 1100?°C exceeds the quality of the as-grown films. At 1200?°C, Mg is optically activated, which is determined by photoluminescence measurements. However, at 1200?°C, the GaN begins to decompose as evidenced by pit formation on the surface of the samples. Therefore, it was determined that the optimal temperature for the first step in a multi-cycle rapid thermal anneal process should be conducted at 1150?°C due to crystal quality and surface morphology considerations.

Greenlee, Jordan D., E-mail: jordan.greenlee.ctr@nrl.navy.mil [National Research Council, 500 Fifth St. NW, Washington, DC 20001 (United States); Feigelson, Boris N.; Anderson, Travis J.; Hite, Jennifer K.; Mastro, Michael A.; Eddy, Charles R.; Hobart, Karl D.; Kub, Francis J. [Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Ave SW, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Tadjer, Marko J. [American Society for Engineering Education, 1818 N St. NW, Washington, DC 20036 (United States)

2014-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

210

What is the National Forest Inventory? The National Forest Inventory is a record of key information about forests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What is the National Forest Inventory? The National Forest Inventory is a record of key information is the information gathered? Data for the National Forest Inventory is being collected using ground surveys, aerial representative picture of the state of Britain's forests and woodland. National Forest Inventory #12;Has

211

Industrial heat pumps in Germany -potentials, technological development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Industrial heat pumps in Germany - potentials, technological development and application examples of Energy (IER) Universität Stuttgart ACHEMA 2012 Application of industrial heat pumps Improving energy-efficiency of industrial processes 13. Juni 2012 #12;ACHEMA 2012 - Industrial heat pumps 21st June 2012 Types of Heat Pumps

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

212

Jos Reinoso Institute of Structural Analysis, Leibniz Universitt Hannover, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in polycrystalline quasi-brittle Materials: Application to silicon wafers 05.11.2013 Crystal structure: diamond, Germany, 05.11.2013 Damage features in polycrystalline quasi-brittle Materials: Application to silicon wafers 05.11.2013 #12;Damage features in polycrystalline quasi-brittle Materials: Application to silicon

213

Ecient elasto-plastic simulation ICA, University of Stuttgart, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EÃ?cient elasto-plastic simulation C. Wieners ICA, University of Stuttgart, Germany Summary. In this paper we describe a method for the construction of radial re- turn algorithms to the plasticity models plasticity, the constitutive equations are determined by the free energy functional and a monotone function

Wieners, Christian

214

Fish Stocks Rainer Froese, IFM-GEOMAR, Kiel, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fish Stocks Rainer Froese, IFM-GEOMAR, Kiel, Germany Daniel Pauly, University of British Columbia and consisting of four elements (species names, location, time, and source). Catches The fish (or other aquatic organisms) of a given stock killed during a certain period by the operation of fishing gear. This definition

Pauly, Daniel

215

A survey of environmental needs and innovative technologies in Germany  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Technology Program (IT?), formerly the international Technology Exchange Program (ITEP), of the Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) is responsible for promoting: (1) the import of innovative technologies to better address EM`s needs; and (2) the export of US services into foreign markets to enhance US competitiveness. Under this program: (1) the environmental restoration market in Germany was evaluated, including the description of the general types of environmental problems, the environmental regulations, and specific selected contaminated sites; and (2) potentially innovative environmental restoration technologies, either commercially available or under development in Germany, were identified, described and evaluated. It was found that: (1) the environmental restoration market in Germany is very large, on the order of several billion US dollars per year, with a significant portion possibly available to US businesses; and (2) a large number (54) of innovative environmental restoration technologies, which are either commercially available or under development in Germany, may have some benefit to the DOE EM program and should be considered for transfer to the US.

Voss, C.F.; Roberds, W.J. [Golder Associates, Inc., Redmond, WA (United States)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Ab initio study on noncompensated CrO codoping of GaN for enhanced solar energy conversion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a novel photocatalyst obtained by codoping GaN with CrO, according to a new "noncompensated" codoping concept based on first-principles calculations. The approach enables controllable narrowing of the GaN band gap with significantly enhanced carrier mobility and photocatalytic activity in the visible light region and thus offers immense potential for application in solar energy conversion, water splitting, and a variety of solar-assisted photocatalysis. Our calculations indicate that the formation energy for the cation doping is greatly reduced by noncompensated codoping with an anion. Although Cr doping alone can split the band gap with the formation of an intermediate band, the mobility is low due to carrier trapping by the localized states. The first-principles calculations also demonstrate that CrO codoping of GaN shifts the Fermi level into the conduction band resulting in high carrier density and mobility.

Pan, Hui [ORNL; Gu, Baohua [ORNL; Eres, Gyula [ORNL; Zhang, Zhenyu [ORNL

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Research in Germany seminar -IIT Madras The Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst is the world`s largest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research in Germany seminar -IIT Madras The Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst is the world technical universities, 221 universities of applied sciences and 56 arts and science universities in Germany of German universities and research institutions and increase Germany's international competitiveness

Krishnapura, Nagendra

218

Policy Experimentation and the Search for Institutional Change: The Politics of Red-Green Reform in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the first four years of Germany first Red-Green coalition.OF RED-GREEN REFORM IN GERMANY June 2006 J. Nicholas Zieglercoalition government in Germany between Social Democrats and

Ziegler, J. Nicholas; Leslie, John C.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Another Turn of the Tide? World War II and the Writing of Military History in West Germany 1945-2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Army industry and labor in Germany, 1914 – 1918 (Princeton/DVA 1979-2006; trans. Germany and the Second World War, ed.the past in contemporary Germany (Basingstoke, 2006). W.G.

Echternkamp, Joerg Jörg

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Radical Cosmopolitanism: W. E. B. Du Bois, Germany, and African American Pragmatist Visions for Twenty-First Century Europe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

W. E. B. Du Bois, Germany, and African American PragmatistAmericans, Africa, and Germany in the Modern  World.   Ed.  W.E.B.  Du Bois in Nazi Germany, 1936. ” Amerikastudien/

Lenz, Günter H.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "forest germany gan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Keynote speakers Susan E. Trumbore -Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry Jena, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Keynote speakers Susan E. Trumbore - Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry Jena, Germany http for Landscape Biogeochemistry, Germany http://www.arthur-gessler.de/ PhillippeTortell, University of British

Daniel, Rosenfeld

222

E-Print Network 3.0 - altdorf se germany Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

altdorf se germany Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: altdorf se germany Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 195Schweiz. Z.Forstwes. 156...

223

E-Print Network 3.0 - area west germany Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

germany Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: area west germany Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Invitation to the foreign students of Ulm...

224

E-Print Network 3.0 - aachen germany 15-17 Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

germany 15-17 Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aachen germany 15-17 Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 InvitationProgram Technology Watch...

225

Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universitt Greifswald (Germany) Information for 2014 / 2015  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifswald (Germany) Information for 2014 / 2015 Full legal Name GREIFSWALD GERMANY Telephone (including country and area codes) + 49 3834 86 1116 Fax (including country

Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

226

Climate change effects on winter chill for fruit crops in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dormancy release in deciduous fruit trees. Hortic Rev 7:239–effects on winter chill for fruit crops in Germany Abstracteffects of climate change on fruit production in Germany,

Luedeling, Eike; Blanke, Michael; Gebauer, Jens

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

International Family Business Succession Planning. Recent Developments in Germany and Spain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4. Recents reforms in Spain 4.1. Family Protocols in theDevelopments in Germany and Spain Business Roland Krausein North America; 50% in Spain and 80 % in Germany. 8

Krause, Roland

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

International monetary relations between the United States, France, and West Germany in the 1970s  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and West Germany. Yet, the inability of France and the Federal Republic of Germany to form cohesive economic and monetary policies throughout international negotiations or within the European Community (EC), allowed American desires to dictate the path...

Rae, Michelle Frasher

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

229

MixedConifer Forests in Southwest Colorado  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

April 2010 Mixed­Conifer Forests in Southwest Colorado A Summary of Existing Knowledge and Considerations for Restoration and Management #12;Mixed Conifer Forests in Southwest Colorado 1Mixed-Conifer Forests in Southwest Colorado 1 ABOUT THE COLORADO FOREST RESTORATION INSTITUTE The Colorado Forest

230

Forests for People Access, recreation & tourism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Strategy Forests for People Access, recreation & tourism on the national forest estate #12;#12;Access, recreation and tourism on the national forest estate | 3 Forests for People Access, recreation and tourism on the national forest estate Setting the scene Everyone has a right of responsible access

231

Method of determining forest production from remotely sensed forest parameters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of determining forest production entirely from remotely sensed data in which remotely sensed multispectral scanner (MSS) data on forest 5 composition is combined with remotely sensed radar imaging data on forest stand biophysical parameters to provide a measure of forest production. A high correlation has been found to exist between the remotely sensed radar imaging data and on site measurements of biophysical 10 parameters such as stand height, diameter at breast height, total tree height, mean area per tree, and timber stand volume.

Corey, J.C.; Mackey, H.E. Jr.

1987-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

232

High temperature electron spin dynamics in bulk cubic GaN: Nanosecond spin lifetimes far above room-temperature  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electron spin dynamics in n-doped bulk cubic GaN is investigated for very high temperatures from 293?K up to 500?K by time-resolved Kerr-rotation spectroscopy. We find extraordinarily long spin lifetimes exceeding 1?ns at 500?K. The temperature dependence of the spin relaxation time is in qualitative agreement with predictions of Dyakonov-Perel theory, while the absolute experimental times are an order of magnitude shorter than predicted. Possible reasons for this discrepancy are discussed, including the role of phase mixtures of hexagonal and cubic GaN as well as the impact of localized carriers.

Buß, J. H.; Schaefer, A.; Hägele, D.; Rudolph, J. [Arbeitsgruppe Spektroskopie der kondensierten Materie, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsstraße 150, D-44780 Bochum (Germany); Schupp, T.; As, D. J. [Department of Physics, University of Paderborn, Warburger Str. 100, D-33095 Paderborn (Germany)

2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

233

ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei Mnchen, Germany VERY LARGE TELESCOPE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany VERY LARGE TELESCOPE.02.2014 2 of 19 ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany CO.02.2014 3 of 19 ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany CHANGE RECORD

Siebenmorgen, Ralf

234

College/University: 2004-2005: University Kiel, Germany, Institute of Pathology,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Education College/University: 2004-2005: University Kiel, Germany, Institute of Pathology, Clinical Genetics. 2000-2003: University Kiel, Graduate Student in Medicine. 1998-2000: University Halle, Germany: Matthias Last name: Christgen Date of birth: 27.01.1979 Country: Germany E-mail: Matthias

Manstein, Dietmar J.

235

Media Transatlantic IV March 29 31, 2012, University of Paderborn, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Media Transatlantic IV March 29 ­ 31, 2012, University of Paderborn, Germany Traffic Aiming to bring together media scholars from the United States, Canada, and Germany, the conference continues Schabacher (University of Siegen, Germany): Traffic as 'Dirt Experience'. Harold Innis' Tracing of Media. 04

Paderborn, Universität

236

Living and working in Germany A guide for international scientists at Max Planck Institutes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Living and working in Germany A guide for international scientists at Max Planck Institutes #12 and the hospitality in your town. You will quickly find that Germany is a country of many facets ­ a country Planck Society is Germany's most successful scientific or- ganisation in basic research. Max Planck

237

The Max Planck Society At home in Germany -present throughout the world  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The Max Planck Society At home in Germany - present throughout the world Internationalisation ­ the Max Planck Society's role in safeguarding Germany's future Cooperation across national borders is one the internationalisation of science, both on its own behalf and also on behalf of Germany as a research location. To do

238

Wolfgang Ketterle Education Pre-diploma (Vordiplom), Physics, University of Heidelberg, Germany, 1978  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wolfgang Ketterle Education · Pre-diploma (Vordiplom), Physics, University of Heidelberg, Germany, Germany, 1982. · Ph.D., Physics, Ludwig-Maximilians University of Munich and Max-Planck Institute for Quantum Optics, Garching, Germany, 1986. Employment 1982-88 Research assistant (1982-85) and staff

239

Determinants and Income Effects of Commuting and Migration An empirical analysis for Germany after Unification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Determinants and Income Effects of Commuting and Migration An empirical analysis for Germany after differentials between East and West Germany led to massive commuting and migration flows. In this paper we: Human capital and income, Germany, commuting, migration, GSOEP JEL No.: J31, J61, O15 Address: Institute

Pfeifer, Holger

240

ICT Conference on Energetic Materials June 24-27, 2008 Karlsruhe, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

39th ICT Conference on Energetic Materials June 24-27, 2008 Karlsruhe, Germany 1 Detonation of Meta on Energetic Materials June 24-27, 2008 Karlsruhe, Germany 2 The smallest meta-stable carbon cluster found-27, 2008 Karlsruhe, Germany 3 accumulated energy is released upon fission of the boat ensemble

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

(Re)discovering the Social Responsibility of Business in Germany Ariane Berthoin Antal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 (Re)discovering the Social Responsibility of Business in Germany Ariane Berthoin Antal Professor The concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) is a relatively recent addition to the agenda in Germany agreements. But the past decade has seen significant changes in Germany, challenging established ways

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

242

The Younger Dryas cooling in northeast Germany: summer temperature and environmental changes in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Younger Dryas cooling in northeast Germany: summer temperature and environmental changes, Germany Received 9 December 2011; Revised 7 March 2012; Accepted 9 March 2012 ABSTRACT: A lake sediment record from the Friedla¨nder Grobe Wiese in northeast Germany was studied to reconstruct summer

Bern, Universität

243

April 30 May 2, 2008 SAGT 2008, Paderborn, Germany 1 Facets of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

April 30 ­ May 2, 2008 SAGT 2008, Paderborn, Germany 1 Facets of the Fully Mixed Nash Equilibrium Conjecture Rainer Feldmann University of Paderborn, Germany Marios Mavronicolas University of Cyprus, Cyprus Andreas Pieris University of Oxford, UK #12;April 30 ­ May 2, 2008 SAGT 2008, Paderborn, Germany 2

Mavronicolas, Marios

244

Nuremberg, Germany, 27-29 March 2001 International Congress for Particle Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 1 - Nuremberg, Germany, 27-29 March 2001 International Congress for Particle Technology Christian 55128 Mainz Germany Email: jonas@mpip-mainz.mpg.de Abstract Session: Headline 17: Nanoscale Materials in a sub-monolayer on a cationic square. #12;- 2 - Nuremberg, Germany, 27-29 March 2001 International

Jonas, Ulrich - Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research and Technology

245

15 17 June 2011, T-Labs Berlin Germany Innovative Internet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

15 ­ 17 June 2011, T-Labs Berlin Germany Innovative Internet Community Systems Welcome to the 11th Berlin/Germany, 15 ­ 17 June 2011 OrgTeam Deutsche Telekom Laboratories & Technische Universität Berlin #12;15 ­ 17 June 2011, T-Labs Berlin Germany Innovative Internet Community Systems Opening Session I2

Rossak, Wilhelm R.

246

Monday, March 27th Opening Remarks: Sybille Hellebrand; Paderborn University, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monday, March 27th Opening Remarks: Sybille Hellebrand; Paderborn University, Germany 18 Hellebrand; Paderborn University, Germany Fault Model Driven Functional Test for PowerPC Microprocessor Processor Christian Zöllin; Stuttgart University, Germany Testability Features of a 45nm Processor Design

Hellebrand, Sybille

247

The political system of Germany Das politische System DeutschlandsRalph Schneider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The political system of Germany Das politische System DeutschlandsRalph Schneider ASSIST-Meeting | 17.06.08 #12;ASSIST-Meeting 17.06.08 | Ralph Schneider: The political system of GermanySeite 2 Federal Republic of Germany Bundesrepublik Deutschland Basic information Democratic and social federal

Pfeifer, Holger

248

Country Profile -Germany What are my chances of getting a job?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Country Profile - Germany Job market What are my chances of getting a job? New graduates from the UK rarely secure work at a professional level in Germany, except teaching English as a foreign. How to improve your chances: you are more likely to secure graduate-level work in Germany if you first

Banaji,. Murad

249

EASA Institute of Advanced Studies on Sustainability, Munich -Germany ResponseResponse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EASA Institute of Advanced Studies on Sustainability, Munich - Germany ResponseResponse ofof WaterClimate Change Peter A. Wilderer Munich, Germany L. A. Colding Lecture, DTU Lyngby, Denmark, 19-06-2007 #12;EASA Institute of Advanced Studies on Sustainability, Munich - Germany content some general thoughts WS&T ­ long

Mosegaard, Klaus

250

Why Are Residential PV Prices in Germany So Much Lower Than in the United States?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Why Are Residential PV Prices in Germany So Much Lower Than in the United States? A Scoping is significantly lower in Germany than in the U.S., due primarily to differences in "soft" costs ­ But relatively consultant data relevant to the cost structure of residential PV in Germany · Focus is the pre

251

published in 1984 in West Germany and later released in a bilingual Ger-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

published in 1984 in West Germany and later released in a bilingual Ger- man-English edition- grated to West Germany. In her next novel, Reisende auf einem Bein (1989; Traveling on One Leg, 1998 in Romania by starting a new life as an émigré in Germany. In her next novel, Heute wär ich mir lieber nicht

Berry, R. Stephen

252

TENDER: Grants for Partizipation University of Siegen (Germany) and Qafqaz University (Azerbaijan)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Partizipation University of Siegen (Germany) and Qafqaz University (Azerbaijan) International Summer School "Security Issues in the South Caucasus and Central Asia" at Siegen (Germany) from August 12th with participants from Azerbaijan, Georgia, Germany and Kazakhstan will focus on security issues arising from

Siegen, Universität

253

Operational costs induced by fluctuating wind power production in Germany and Scandinavia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Operational costs induced by fluctuating wind power production in Germany and Scandinavia Peter Christoph Weber, Chair of Energy Management, University Duisburg-Essen, Germany Rüdiger Barth & Heike Brand, Institute of Energy Economics and the Rational Use of Energy, University of Stuttgart, Germany Abstract

254

CCMM 2000, Bayreuth, Germany September 19 1 Design and Synthesis of an FLC Conglomerate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CCMM 2000, Bayreuth, Germany · September 19 1 Design and Synthesis of an FLC Conglomerate Composed Research Center University of Colorado at Boulder #12;CCMM 2000, Bayreuth, Germany · September 19 2 Sm · Rel Polarity #12;CCMM 2000, Bayreuth, Germany · September 19 3 SmCSPF (Ferroelectric Conglomerate) Sm

Walba, David

255

Contributions to the FEL'99 Conference, August 23-28, 1999 in Hamburg, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contributions to the FEL'99 Conference, August 23-28, 1999 in Hamburg, Germany TESLA FEL-Report 1999-07 #12;Contents M. Dohlus, A. Kabel, T.Limberg DESY, Germany Coherent Effects of a Macrobunch, Germany Efficient Field Calculation of 3D Bunches on General Trajectories

256

Cyclical adjustment, capital-labor substitution and total factor productivity convergence East Germany after unification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Germany after unification Werner Smolny, University of Ulm June 22, 2011 Abstract Despite rapid economic of Ulm 89069 Ulm, GERMANY Tel.: (49) 731 50 24260, Fax: (49) 731 50 24262 e-mail: Werner.Smolny@uni-ulm.de This paper is part of the research projects "Productivity adjustment in East Germany"and "Investment in East

Pfeifer, Holger

257

CURRICULUM VITAE -Werner Weber August 16 1945 born in Urach, state Baden/Wrttemberg, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CURRICULUM VITAE - Werner Weber August 16 1945 born in Urach, state Baden/Württemberg, Germany June 20 1964 Graduation (Abitur) Allgäu-Gymnasium Kempten, Germany November 1 1964 Study of physics at Technische Universität to February 3 1970 Munich, Germany, Degree "Diplomphysiker" July 13 1972 Ph

Anders, Frithjof

258

NETHERLANDS AND GERMANY: DAIRY GOAT PRODUCTS June 15 -June 18, 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NETHERLANDS AND GERMANY: DAIRY GOAT PRODUCTS June 15 - June 18, 2009 Written by Clara Hedrich-890-3014 babcock@cals.wisc.edu http://babcock.cals.wisc.edu ISBN 978-1-59251-121-3 #12;Netherlands and Germany cheese produced in the region of Germany where the Hedrich family originated and possibly use it in our

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

259

The event is free and open to the public "Germany in Europe" Campus Weeks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The event is free and open to the public "Germany in Europe" Campus Weeks German Embassy and German Educator Seattle, WA and Cologne, Germany Marcel Machill Professor of Journalism and International Media Systems University of Leipzig, Germany Randy Smith, Co-director, MU Center for the Digital Globe Donald W

Missouri-Columbia, University of

260

Hitzler & Vrandecic PPSWR05 Dagstuhl, Germany September 2005 AIFBKnowledgeWeb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hitzler & Vrandecic PPSWR05 Dagstuhl, Germany September 2005 Slide 1 AIFBKnowledgeWeb Faster OWL Using Split Programs Pascal Hitzler Denny Vrandecic AIFB, University of Karlsruhe, Germany SCREECH #12;Hitzler & Vrandecic PPSWR05 Dagstuhl, Germany September 2005 Slide 2 AIFBKnowledgeWeb Problem

Hitzler, Pascal

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261

Downburst-producing thunderstorms in southern Germany: Radar analysis and predictability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Downburst-producing thunderstorms in southern Germany: Radar analysis and predictability Nikolai der Atmosphäre, Oberpfaffenhofen, 82234 Wessling, Germany b European Severe Storms Laboratory (ESSL), Münchner Str. 20, 82234 Wessling, Germany a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t Article history: Received

262

Hitzler Neural-Symbolic Integration Osnabrck Germany November 2007 Neural-Symbolic Integration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hitzler Neural-Symbolic Integration Osnabrück Germany November 2007 1/49 AIFBAIFB Neural-Symbolic Integration PD Dr. Pascal Hitzler AIFB, Universität Karlsruhe Osnabrück, Germany, November 2007 #12;Hitzler Neural-Symbolic Integration Osnabrück Germany November 2007 2/49 AIFBAIFB PD Dr. Pascal Hitzler

Hitzler, Pascal

263

Curriculum vitae 1989 -1992 Student of Biochemistry, University of Hanover, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Curriculum vitae 1989 - 1992 Student of Biochemistry, University of Hanover, Germany 1989 - 1995, Professor Karl-Josef Dietz, University of Bielefeld, Germany 2000 - 2006 Leader of an Independently Funded-Golm, Germany Biofuture Prize, German Federal Ministry of Education and Research 07/2006 Habilitation

Gerwert, Klaus

264

August 2014 Subject: Research in Germany-Information Seminar for Young Researchers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

26th August 2014 Subject: Research in Germany- Information Seminar for Young Researchers Warm-doctoral candidates as well as young academics interested in a research stay in Germany, towards initiating & strengthening research co operations with Germany. Date: 20th September 2014 Venue: IC & SR Auditorium, IIT

Krishnapura, Nagendra

265

The 32nd International Electric Propulsion Conference, Wiesbaden, Germany September 11 15, 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The 32nd International Electric Propulsion Conference, Wiesbaden, Germany September 11 ­ 15, 2011 1 Electric Propulsion Conference, Wiesbaden · Germany September 11 ­ 15, 2011 K. Matyash1 , Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Association, Greifswald, D-17491, Germany R. Schneider2 , Greifswald

266

R E S U M E Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development of Indonesia and Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R E S U M E Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development of Indonesia and Germany (RESDIG Republic of Germany, German Alumni in Surabaya with supports from DAAD, GIZ and Goethe Institute. Through the cooperation and share experiences between Indonesia and Germany in renewable and sustainable

Peinke, Joachim

267

Nanoscale size dependence parameters on lattice thermal conductivity of Wurtzite GaN nanowires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: Temperature dependence of calculated lattice thermal conductivity of Wurtzite GaN nanowires. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A modified Callaway model is used to calculate lattice thermal conductivity of Wurtzite GaN nanowires. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A direct method is used to calculate phonon group velocity for these nanowires. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer 3-Gruneisen parameter, surface roughness, and dislocations are successfully investigated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Dislocation densities are decreases with the decrease of wires diameter. -- Abstract: A detailed calculation of lattice thermal conductivity of freestanding Wurtzite GaN nanowires with diameter ranging from 97 to 160 nm in the temperature range 2-300 K, was performed using a modified Callaway model. Both longitudinal and transverse modes are taken into account explicitly in the model. A method is used to calculate the Debye and phonon group velocities for different nanowire diameters from their related melting points. Effect of Gruneisen parameter, surface roughness, and dislocations as structure dependent parameters are successfully used to correlate the calculated values of lattice thermal conductivity to that of the experimentally measured curves. It was observed that Gruneisen parameter will decrease with decreasing nanowire diameters. Scattering of phonons is assumed to be by nanowire boundaries, imperfections, dislocations, electrons, and other phonons via both normal and Umklapp processes. Phonon confinement and size effects as well as the role of dislocation in limiting thermal conductivity are investigated. At high temperatures and for dislocation densities greater than 10{sup 14} m{sup -2} the lattice thermal conductivity would be limited by dislocation density, but for dislocation densities less than 10{sup 14} m{sup -2}, lattice thermal conductivity would be independent of that.

Mamand, S.M., E-mail: soran.mamand@univsul.net [Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimanyah, Iraqi Kurdistan (Iraq); Omar, M.S. [Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Salahaddin, Arbil, Iraqi Kurdistan (Iraq)] [Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Salahaddin, Arbil, Iraqi Kurdistan (Iraq); Muhammad, A.J. [Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Kirkuk, Kirkuk (Iraq)] [Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Kirkuk, Kirkuk (Iraq)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

268

Metallicity of InN and GaN surfaces exposed to NH{sub 3}.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A systematic study of energies and structures of InN and GaN (0001) surfaces exposed to NH{sub 3} and its decomposition products was performed with first-principles methods. A phenomenological model including electron counting contributions is developed based on calculated DFT energies and is used to identify low-energy structures. These predictions are checked with additional DFT calculations. The equilibrium phase diagrams are found to contain structures that violate the electron counting rule. Densities of states for these structures indicate n-type conductivity, consistent with available experimental results.

Walkosz, W.; Zapol, P.; Stephenson, G. B. (Materials Science Division)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Evaluation of GaN substrates grown in supercritical basic ammonia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

GaN crystals grown by the basic ammonothermal method were investigated for their use as substrates for device regrowth. X-ray diffraction analysis indicated that the substrates contained multiple grains while secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS) revealed a high concentration of hydrogen, oxygen, and sodium. Despite these drawbacks, the emission from the light emitting diode structures grown by metal organic chemical vapor deposition on both the c-plane and m-plane epitaxial wafers was demonstrated. The SIMS depth profiles showed that the diffusion of the alkali metal from the substrate into the epitaxial film was small, especially in the m-direction.

Saito, Makoto; Yamada, Hisashi; Iso, Kenji; Sato, Hitoshi; Hirasawa, Hirohiko; Kamber, Derrick S.; Hashimoto, Tadao; Baars, Steven P. den; Speck, James S.; Nakamura, Shuji [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2009-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

270

Damage Evolution in GaN Under MeV Heavy Ion Implantation. | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phases onOrganizationElectronic2005-2007 BudgetFlightEvolution in GaN

271

Yngve Kristoffersen, University of Bergen, Allegaten 41, Bergen, 5007 Norway, yngve.kristoffersen@geo.uib.no Coen Hofstede, AWI, Bremerhaven, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.kristoffersen@geo.uib.no Coen Hofstede, AWI, Bremerhaven, Germany Olaf Eisen, AWI, Bremerhaven, Germany Lomonosov Canada Basin Coen Hofstede, AWI, Bremerhaven, Germany Olaf Eisen, AWI, Bremerhaven, Germany Richard Blenkner, Dept

Kristoffersen, Yngve

272

Protection of Forest Resources (Montana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This statute addresses the conservation and protection of forest resources by encouraging the use of land management best practices pertaining to soil erosion, timber sale planning, associated road...

273

Forests and The Texas Economy.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I UUL; Z TA24S.7 8873 NO.1S96 (Blank Page In -O~-.BilUetiBJ ' t '. ,-. "0: . : ?. FORESTS AND THE TEXAS ECONOMY by Jay O'Laughlin i\\ssociate Professor Texas i\\gricultural Experiment Station (Department of Forest Science) Texas i...\\&M University and Richard A. Williams Graduate Research i\\ssistant Texas i\\gricultural Experiment Station (Department of Forest Science) Texas i\\&M University The assistance and support of the Texas Forestry Association and the Texas Forest Service...

Laughlin, Jay O'; Williams, Richard A.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Kelp Forests of the Santa Barbara Channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kelp Forests of the Santa Barbara Channel Revised Fourth Edition Kelp Forests of the Santa Barbara Research Program Santa Barbara Coastal Long Term Ecological Research Program #12;Kelp Forests of the Santa

California at Santa Barbara, University of

275

Atomistic simulation of Er irradiation induced defects in GaN nanowires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Classical molecular dynamics simulation was used to irradiate a GaN nanowire with rear-earth erbium (Er). Ten cumulative irradiations were done using an ion energy of 37.5?keV on a 10?×?10?nm{sup 2} surface area which corresponds to a fluence of 1?×?10{sup 13?}cm{sup ?2}. We studied the location and types of defects produced in the irradiation. Er implantation leads to a net positive (expansion) strain in the nanowire and especially at the top region a clear expansion has been observed in the lateral and axial directions. The lattice expansion is due to the hydrostatic strain imposed by a large number of radiation induced defects at the top of the NW. Due to the large surface-to-volume ratio, most of the defects were concentrated at the surface region, which suggests that the experimentally observed yellow luminescence (YL) in ion implanted GaN NWs arises from surface defects. We observed big clusters of point defects and vacancy clusters which are correlated with stable lattice strain and the YL band, respectively.

Ullah, M. W., E-mail: mohammad.ullah@helsinki.fi; Kuronen, A.; Djurabekova, F.; Nordlund, K. [Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 64, FIN-00014 (Finland); Stukowski, A. [Technische Universität Darmstadt, 64287 Darmstadt (Germany)

2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

276

Forest Carbon Cycle  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest Region service area. TheEPSCI HomeTours, Programs and2FIRSTGuidelinesForest

277

A Transient Stability Constrained Optimal Power Flow Deqiang Gan (M) Robert J. Thomas (F) Ray D. Zimmerman (M)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A Transient Stability Constrained Optimal Power Flow Deqiang Gan (M) Robert J. Thomas (F) Ray D. The methodology involves a stability constrained Optimal Power Flow (OPF). The theoretical development between controllable generation dispatch and indices such as an energy margin, rotor angles, etc

278

OPTIMIZATION OF GaN WINDOW LAYER FOR InGaN SOLAR CELLS USING POLARIZATION EFFECT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the design of wide-band gap GaN window layers for InGaN solar cells. Window layers serve to passivate the top into account during design of the solar cell to improve its collection efficiency. Previously, we have. The present work is a subset of the design optimization process for such solar cells, where we focus

Honsberg, Christiana

279

Role of Embedded Clustering in Dilute Magnetic Semiconductors: Cr Doped GaN X. Y. Cui,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, typically 5 (20­30) times smaller for Cr-based (Mn-based) III-V DMS than the value expected, 3 B= Cr4 BRole of Embedded Clustering in Dilute Magnetic Semiconductors: Cr Doped GaN X. Y. Cui,1 J. E configurations coexist and the statistical distribution and associated magnetism will depend sensitively

Medvedeva, Julia E.

280

A Comparison of Magnesium and Beryllium Acceptors in GaN Grown by rf-Plasma Assisted Molecular Beam Epitaxy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Comparison of Magnesium and Beryllium Acceptors in GaN Grown by rf-Plasma Assisted Molecular Beam Evans and Associates, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 ABSTRACT Step-doped structures of both magnesium and beryllium activation energy of approximately 100 meV. INTRODUCTION While magnesium is currently the most

Myers, Tom

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "forest germany gan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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281

Infrared reflection of GaN and AlGaN thin film heterostructures with AlN buffer layers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Infrared reflection of GaN and AlGaN thin film heterostructures with AlN buffer layers C. Wetzel, Nagoya, Japan Received 11 December 1995; accepted for publication 21 February 1996 Infrared reflection, their alloys and potential substrates need to be investigated as well. Here we present a study of the infrared

Wetzel, Christian M.

282

Band gap tuning in GaN through equibiaxial in-plane strains S. K. Yadav,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in photovoltaics and light emission diodes LEDs . The InGaN system has been intensively studied during the past to the large atomic size mismatch between Ga and In.3 Thus, other methods to tune the band gap are needed for potential appli- cations of GaN and related materials systems. It is well-known that the structure

Alpay, S. Pamir

283

Atom probe tomography studies of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} gate dielectrics on GaN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atom probe tomography was used to achieve three-dimensional characterization of in situ Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/GaN structures grown by metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD). Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} dielectrics grown at three different temperatures of 700, 900, and 1000?°C were analyzed and compared. A low temperature GaN cap layer grown atop Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} enabled a high success rate in the atom probe experiments. The Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/GaN interfaces were found to be intermixed with Ga, N, and O over the distance of a few nm. Impurity measurements data showed that the 1000?°C sample contains higher amounts of C (4?×?10{sup 19}/cm{sup 3}) and lower amounts of H (7?×?10{sup 19}/cm{sup 3}), whereas the 700?°C sample exhibits lower C impurities (<10{sup 17}/cm{sup 3}) and higher H incorporation (2.2?×?10{sup 20}/cm{sup 3}). On comparing with Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} grown by atomic layer deposition (ALD), it was found that the MOCVD Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/GaN interface is comparatively abrupt. Scanning transmission electron microscopy data showed that the 900?°C and 1000?°C MOCVD films exhibit polycrystalline nature, while the ALD films were found to be amorphous.

Mazumder, Baishakhi, E-mail: bmazumder@engineering.ucsb.edu; Wu, Feng; Speck, James S. [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Liu, Xiang; Yeluri, Ramya; Mishra, Umesh K. [Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

284

Humboldt National Forest East Mormon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Humboldt National Forest Humboldt National Forest Millers Delamar Valley Dry Lake Dry Lake Valley Boundary Existing Designated Corridor (See Note 2) (As of 6/5/2009) Solar Energy Study Area (As of 6 14 16 Kilometers Carson City Ely Nevada Las Vegas Solar Energy Study Areas in Nevada Map Prepared

Laughlin, Robert B.

285

Impact of defects on the electrical transport, optical properties and failure mechanisms of GaN nanowires.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the results of a three year LDRD project that focused on understanding the impact of defects on the electrical, optical and thermal properties of GaN-based nanowires (NWs). We describe the development and application of a host of experimental techniques to quantify and understand the physics of defects and thermal transport in GaN NWs. We also present the development of analytical models and computational studies of thermal conductivity in GaN NWs. Finally, we present an atomistic model for GaN NW electrical breakdown supported with experimental evidence. GaN-based nanowires are attractive for applications requiring compact, high-current density devices such as ultraviolet laser arrays. Understanding GaN nanowire failure at high-current density is crucial to developing nanowire (NW) devices. Nanowire device failure is likely more complex than thin film due to the prominence of surface effects and enhanced interaction among point defects. Understanding the impact of surfaces and point defects on nanowire thermal and electrical transport is the first step toward rational control and mitigation of device failure mechanisms. However, investigating defects in GaN NWs is extremely challenging because conventional defect spectroscopy techniques are unsuitable for wide-bandgap nanostructures. To understand NW breakdown, the influence of pre-existing and emergent defects during high current stress on NW properties will be investigated. Acute sensitivity of NW thermal conductivity to point-defect density is expected due to the lack of threading dislocation (TD) gettering sites, and enhanced phonon-surface scattering further inhibits thermal transport. Excess defect creation during Joule heating could further degrade thermal conductivity, producing a viscous cycle culminating in catastrophic breakdown. To investigate these issues, a unique combination of electron microscopy, scanning luminescence and photoconductivity implemented at the nanoscale will be used in concert with sophisticated molecular-dynamics calculations of surface and defect-mediated NW thermal transport. This proposal seeks to elucidate long standing material science questions for GaN while addressing issues critical to realizing reliable GaN NW devices.

Armstrong, Andrew M.; Aubry, Sylvie; Shaner, Eric Arthur; Siegal, Michael P.; Li, Qiming; Jones, Reese E.; Westover, Tyler; Wang, George T.; Zhou, Xiao Wang; Talin, Albert Alec; Bogart, Katherine Huderle Andersen; Harris, C. Thomas; Huang, Jian Yu

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

World Renewable Energy Congress VII, Cologne, Germany, 29 June -5 July, 2002 SOLAR RESOURCE ASSESSMENT AND SITE EVALUATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

World Renewable Energy Congress VII, Cologne, Germany, 29 June - 5 July, 2002 SOLAR RESOURCE, Germany ** German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany VII, Cologne, Germany, 29 June - 5 July, 2002 and diffuse irradiance model of Dumortier [5]. Both use

Heinemann, Detlev

287

Bundestag elections 2009: The political system of Germany Bundestagswahl 2009: Das politische System DeutschlandsRalph Schneider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bundestag elections 2009: The political system of Germany Bundestagswahl 2009: Das politische Schneider: The political system of GermanySeite 2 Federal Republic of Germany Bundesrepublik Deutschland.09.09 | Ralph Schneider: The political system of GermanySeite 3 Administrative organisation

Pfeifer, Holger

288

Measuring forest structure and biomass in New England forest stands using Echidna ground-based lidar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measuring forest structure and biomass in New England forest stands using Echidna ground Accepted 12 March 2010 Available online 14 May 2011 Keywords: Ground-based lidar Forest structure Biomass biomass with very good accuracy in six New England hardwood and conifer forest stands. Comparing forest

Ni-Meister, Wenge

289

For Immediate Release: January 30, 2008 Sustaining Virginia's Forests through Forest Certification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and products processed in ways that sustain forest health, minimize energy wastes, follow local lawsFor Immediate Release: January 30, 2008 Sustaining Virginia's Forests through Forest Certification of the Forest Issues Working Group Virginia Conservation Network (http://www.vcnva.org/) Forests contribute

290

Forest Research Much more than trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

justice to renewable energy and land use. We have teams of experts in the areas of forest sciencesForest Research Much more than trees #12;Welcome to Forest Research. We are the research agency and supplying scientific evidence on the human, ecological and economic aspects of sustainable forest management

291

See Map 143 (A) Forest Hill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Warwick Wiangaree Beenleigh Toowoomba Cleveland Redcliffe Urbenville Woodenbone Beaudesert Forest Hill

Greenslade, Diana

292

UK Forestry Standard Guidelines Forests and people  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UK Forestry Standard Guidelines Forests and people #12;Key to symbols UKFS Requirements for sustainable forest management Element of SFM Reference number Good forestry practice requirement Reference #12;UK Forestry Standard Guidelines Forests and people Forestry Commission: Edinburgh #12;ii Forests

293

Groups and Model TheoryGroups and Model TheoryGroups and Model TheoryGroups and Model Theory "Die Wolfsburg", Mlheim a.d.Ruhr, Germany"Die Wolfsburg", Mlheim a.d.Ruhr, Germany"Die Wolfsburg", Mlheim a.d.Ruhr, Germany"Die Wolfsburg", Mlheim a.d.Ruhr, Germa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wolfsburg", Mülheim a.d.Ruhr, Germany"Die Wolfsburg", Mülheim a.d.Ruhr, Germany"Die Wolfsburg", Mülheim a.d.Ruhr, Germany"Die Wolfsburg", Mülheim a.d.Ruhr, Germany May 30May 30May 30May 30--------June 3, 2011June 3, 2011

Tent, Katrin

294

Westport Germany GmbH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperative Jump to: navigation,WesternWestley,2009294°,8908021°,Westport Germany

295

Cost-efficient conservation strategies for boreal forest biodiversity.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Long and intensive forest management has made conservation measures in the forest landscape necessary to maintain forest biodiversity. The most common measure is to set… (more)

Perhans, Karin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Structural Properties of Eu-Doped GaN Investigated by Raman Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rare-earth (RE) impurities doped GaN are highly promising candidates for light emitting device applications due to their efficient electroluminescence properties at room temperature. Among those, Eu doped GaN has been identified as an excellent material for the red spectral region due to its strong emission at 620 nm. As a transition internal to the Eu doping atom (4f-4f), light emission originates in a much smaller complex than the more flexibly controllable quantum structures of wells, wires, and dots. This is thought to make the center less susceptible to structural defects and in particular radiation damage in the lattice host. Nevertheless, the lattice host is crucial for providing the excitation in from of free electrons and holes. In this respect, the actual lattice site Eu occupies in the host lattice, i.e. in GaN, is important. A large fraction of Eu atoms are typically inactive which must be attributed to their lattice site and local environment. GaN films implanted with Eu to concentrations of {approx}10{sup 18} cm{sup -3} were subjected to a highly directed beam of 500 keV He{sup +} at a dose of 5 x 10{sup 14} cm{sup -2}. By means of a shadow mask, irradiated and unexposed regions lie very close to each other on the same sample. We used optical and structural analysis to identify the exerted radiation damage. At the full radiation dose, photoluminescence intensity has decayed to {approx}0.01 of its initial value. From the dose dependence of the radiation decay we previously concluded, that this decay is in part due to the destruction of radiative Eu sites [J.W. Tringe, unpublished (2006)]. Along the transition from virgin to irradiated material we analyze the accumulated damage in terms of surface morphology (atomic force microscopy), crystallinity (x-ray diffraction), and phonon dispersion using micro-Raman spectroscopy. In addition to the well-studied E{sub 2}(high) mode, two new vibrational modes at 659 cm{sup -1} and 201 cm{sup -1} were observed in the Eu implanted and annealed sample, prior to He{sup +} irradiation. These modes are either remnants of the implantation damage or related to the Eu impurity. As such they can be indicative of the actual lattice site the Eu atom resides on. After irradiation, broad Raman modes at 300 cm-1 are being observed. This band indicates disorder activated Raman scattering (DARS) due to the radiation damage. An additional narrow mode appears at 672 cm{sup -1}, which can possibly be due to a nitrogen vacancy related vibrational mode. The continuous transition from irradiated to un-irradiated sample allows the direct evolution of radiation damage and its coordinated effects in structural, optical and vibrational properties. By its systematic correlation we anticipate to be able to elucidate the Eu lattice interaction and the processes of radiation damage.

Senawiratne, J; Xia, Y; Detchprohm, T; Tringe, J W; Stevens, C G; Wetzel, C

2006-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

297

Page 1 of 4 Postfach 10 10 62 -80084 Mnchen, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1 of 4 Postfach 10 10 62 - 80084 München, Germany Telefon: +49 89 2108-0 Fax: +49 89 2108-1111 Internet: http://www.mpfp.mpg.de Jean-Paul-Stra�e 12 - 53173 Bonn, Germany Telefon: +49 228 833-0 Fax: +49 themselves in Germany or which should be developed further. The 2014 Max Planck Research Award

298

CS 2011, 15 17 June 2011, T-Labs Berlin Germany Innovative Internet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11th I2 CS 2011, 15 ­ 17 June 2011, T-Labs Berlin Germany Innovative Internet Community Systems I2, 15 ­ 17 June 2011, T-Labs Berlin Germany Pre-Conference Events Tuesday: Informal Welcome Reception Wednesday morning: Gro�er Tiergarten Jogging #12;11th I2 CS 2011, 15 ­ 17 June 2011, T-Labs Berlin Germany

Rossak, Wilhelm R.

299

Special Issue: High Elevation Forests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. They yield raw material for rustic homes, exquisite paneling, and life-giving energy. They capture, purify gathering, hunting, and places to wow visitors. (For the purpose of this report, high country forests

300

Xenophobia in a United Germany : a unique post-reunification phenomenon?.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In the years immediately following the 1990 reunification of Germany, an increase in anti-foreigner violence threatened the stability of reunification efforts and exacerbated tensions between… (more)

Carden, Alison Elizabeth

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "forest germany gan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The Implementation of Environmental Education in elementary schools — A Comparative Study between Sweden and Germany —.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The investigation on Environmental Education (EE) and its implementation in elementary schools in the EU-member states Germany and Sweden was done through field theoretical studies… (more)

Radeiski, Jenny

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Fiftieth CCR reformer goes on stream in Germany  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The fiftieth continuous catalytic reformer built since this technology was introduced by UOP Process Division in 1971 has gone on stream in West Germany. The 21,300-b/sd unit is in Deutsche Shell AG's Godorf refinery. It is the sixth such unit put in service by Shell International. Others are in refineries at Harburg, West Germany; Shellhaven, England; Palau Bokum, Singapore; Pernis, Netherlands; and Geelong, Australia. CCR units operate at much higher severity than older reforming units. Severity is a function of higher octane, lower pressure, and feedstock. The operating severity or catalyst deactivation rate may be 20 times that of high pressure, low octane units. Continuous catalyst regeneration is then the key for maintaining long-term operations at steady state conditions. To facilitate continuous catalyst regeneration, the three reactors are stacked. This design permits the catalyst to move in essentially plug flow through the reactors at a rate determined by the rate of catalyst withdrawal to the regeneration section.

Not Available

1985-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

303

Mastication of forest biomass for wildfire hazard reduction and forest health improvement has expanded dramatically  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mastication of forest biomass for wildfire hazard reduction and forest health improvement has or tree spacing is adequate to allow sufficient room for equipment operation. b. Carefully review

304

Remote sensing and forest damage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Each year, damage to North American forests caused by insects, diseases, pollution, and fire results in multibillion dollar losses of revenue and resources. To respond to these losses effectively, forest managers need timely information on the location, extent, and spread of the damage. Traditional techniques for monitoring forest damage include high-resolution aerial photography, color infrared photography, and visual reconnaissance mapping. These techniques require visual interpretation of the data and often are somewhat subjective. In addition, because such analyses are time-consuming and costly, many areas of forest are never mapped, and in cases where maps exist, they often are obsolete or incomplete. An airborne imager has been developed to solve the problems of time-consuming visual analysis and interpretations. The Programmable Multispectral Imager measures small changes - invisible by conventional detection methods - in light reflected by the forest canopy. The PMI measures the color an intensity of reflected light and records this information digitally in computer tape aboard an aircraft. This information is then available for later entry into a computer for processing and enhancement. Although airborne imagers have been available for nearly three decades, they have not been used extensively for forest damage assessment or other forestry applications because of their poor sensitivity and their limited number of fixed spectral channels. The PMI is the first of a new generation of imagers that combine high sensitivity with the flexibility of continuous spectral coverage. This allows scientists to evaluate the potential causes and effects of stress on vegetation.

Reid, N.J.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Efficient Switches for Solar Power Conversion: Four Quadrant GaN Switch Enabled Three Phase Grid-Tied Microinverters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solar ADEPT Project: Transphorm is developing power switches for new types of inverters that improve the efficiency and reliability of converting energy from solar panels into useable electricity for the grid. Transistors act as fast switches and control the electrical energy that flows in an electrical circuit. Turning a transistor off opens the circuit and stops the flow of electrical current; turning it on closes the circuit and allows electrical current to flow. In this way a transistor can be used to convert DC from a solar panel into AC for use in a home. Transphorm’s transistors will enable a single semiconductor device to switch electrical currents at high-voltage in both directions—making the inverter more compact and reliable. Transphorm is using Gallium Nitride (GaN) as a semiconductor material in its transistors instead of silicon, which is used in most conventional transistors, because GaN transistors have lower losses at higher voltages and switching frequencies.

None

2012-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

306

Study of gain and photoresponse characteristics for back-illuminated separate absorption and multiplication GaN avalanche photodiodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The gain and photoresponse characteristics have been numerically studied for back-illuminated separate absorption and multiplication (SAM) GaN avalanche photodiodes (APDs). The parameters of fundamental models are calibrated by simultaneously comparing the simulated dark and light current characteristics with the experimental results. Effects of environmental temperatures and device dimensions on gain characteristics have been investigated, and a method to achieve the optimum thickness of charge layer is obtained. The dependence of gain characteristics and breakdown voltage on the doping concentration of the charge layer is also studied in detail to get the optimal charge layer. The bias-dependent spectral responsivity and quantum efficiency are then presented to study the photoresponse mechanisms inside SAM GaN APDs. It is found the responsivity peak red-shifts at first due to the Franz-Keldysh effect and then blue-shifts due to the reach-through effect of the absorption layer. Finally, a new SAM GaN/AlGaN heterojunction APD structure is proposed for optimizing SAM GaN APDs.

Wang, Xiaodong; Pan, Ming; Hou, Liwei; Xie, Wei [No. 50 Research Institute of China Electronics Technology Group Corporation, 200331 Shanghai (China); Hu, Weida, E-mail: wdhu@mail.sitp.ac.cn; Xu, Jintong; Li, Xiangyang; Chen, Xiaoshuang, E-mail: xschen@mail.sitp.ac.cn; Lu, Wei [National Laboratory for Infrared Physics, Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 200083 Shanghai (China)

2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

307

ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei Mnchen, Germany Data Management and Operations Division  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany Data Management and Operations-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany CHANGE RECORD ISSUE DATE SECTION/PARA. AFFECTED REASON Phase 3 Workshop, ESO Garching, 30.11.2010. 2 07.03.2011 3, 4.11, 4.12 Added All Figures updated #12;ESO

Liske, Jochen

308

ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei Mnchen, Germany Data Management and Operations Division  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany Data Management and Operations-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany CHANGE RECORD ISSUE DATE SECTION/PARA. AFFECTED REASON Workshop, ESO Garching, 30.11.2010. 2 07.03.2011 2.1 Keyword ASSOMi added. 3.2.1, 3.2.2 NJITTER, DIT, NDIT

Liske, Jochen

309

Consumption, Social Capital, and the 'Industrious Revolution' in Early Modern Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consumption, Social Capital, and the “Industrious Revolution” in Early Modern Germany SHEILAGH OGILVIE Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge Acknowledgements: I am grateful to Marco Belfanti, André... ; labour; discrimination; gender; Germany 1 Expanding market consumption is widely ascribed a key role in European economic growth before industrialization. A “Consumer Revolution” between 1650 and 1800 is thought to have seen the middle classes...

Ogilvie, Sheilagh

310

Fachbereich Informatik der Universitat Hamburg Vogt-Kolln-Str. 30 D-22527 Hamburg / Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fachbereich Informatik der Universit¨at Hamburg Vogt-K¨olln-Str. 30 D-22527 Hamburg / Germany¨oller University of Hamburg, Computer Science Department, Vogt-K¨olln-Str. 30, 22527 Hamburg, Germany http2000), Fausto Giunchiglia and Bart Selman (eds), Breckenridge, Colorado, USA, 12-15 April 2000. 1

Hamburg,.Universität

311

Proposals in for Czech firms; cooperation likely with eastern Germany  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two Western groups - Shell and a consortium made up of Agip, Conoco, and Total - have offered to buy the refining operations of Chemopetrol Litvinov and Kaucuk Kralupy, both in the Czech republic. Meanwhile, Amoco, Neste, and PCD are looking at the possibility of acquiring some of the plastics plants at Litvinov. Amoco is interested in the polypropylene operations, Neste in polyethylene, and PCD in both. The two Czech firms are included in the second wave of privatization, which will begin in midyear. So far, there have been no offers for the 80,000-m.t./year polystyrene and 60,000-m.t./year styrene butadiene rubber operations belonging to Kralupy, although Atochem representatives recently visited the plants. Litvinov is carrying out revamping operations at its core unit, a 12-year-old, 450,000-m.t./year ethylene plant. The plant, currently running at 400,000 m.t./year, supplies downstream plants, Neratovice, and sells on the export markets. An existing ethylene pipeline between Litvinov and Bohlen in eastern Germany, which used to supply an average 100,000 m.t./year of ethylene to Bohen in exchange for naphtha, is virtually unused. One proposal involves reactivating this exchange to secure ethylene feedstock for plants in eastern Germany. According to some sources, a preliminary decision has been made to shut down the 100,000-m.t./year ethylene plant at Leuna and possibly to expand the Bohlen cracker by 100,000 m.t./year, to 400,000 m.t./year by the late 1990s.

Alperowicz, N.

1993-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

312

Forest products and services, international trade Trade in forest products and services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forest products and services, international trade Trade in forest products and services The forest products sector is estimated to contribute about one percent of world gross domestic product and to account, pulp and paper exceeds US$200 billion. The value of non-wood forest products and the environmental

313

Spring 2012 Denman Forestry Issues Series presents: Role of Forests and Forest Products in Carbon Mitigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Concerns "Pursuing Carbon and Forest Sustainability in Forest Biomass Energy Production" Craig PartridgeSpring 2012 Denman Forestry Issues Series presents: Role of Forests and Forest Products in Carbon Mitigation and Energy Independence May 15, 2012, 1-5:30 p.m., NHS Hall at CUH, UW Botanic Gardens School

Borenstein, Elhanan

314

The Economic Importance of New Hampshire's Forest-Based Economy FOREST-BASED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

products manufacturing, pulp and paper manufacturing, wood energy, and the forest-based recreational1 The Economic Importance of New Hampshire's Forest-Based Economy FOREST-BASED ECONOMY 2013 E C O N O M I C IMPORTANCE North East State Foresters Association The NEW HAMPSHIRE'S of #12;2 The Economic

New Hampshire, University of

315

The Future of Forest Certification in A Roundtable Discussion by Forest Stakeholders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, minimize energy wastes, follow local laws, and respect people's rights. · Multiple forest certificationThe Future of Forest Certification in Virginia A Roundtable Discussion by Forest Stakeholders by The Virginia Conservation Network's Forest Issues Working Group http://www.vcnva.org/ With advice

316

National Forest Inventory Description of attributes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Forest Inventory Description of attributes Woodland_S: Woodland source (a) NFI base map have been mapped in accordance with the NFI mapping rules. National Forest Inventory #12;(f) 2010 AP

317

Future Forests Program Plan 2013 2016  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is that knowledge produced by Future Forests will make possible an increased and yet, we envision that knowledge produced by Future Forests will contribute for biodiversity conservation, water protection, recreational needs, climate change mitigation

318

Department of Forest Resourcesand Environmental Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, MF, MNR, and PhD). Its research areas include Forest Ecology and Management, Forest Biometrics on a perception-based score plus a citation-and-publication-based composite index. The National Research Council

Buehrer, R. Michael

319

FINLAND SOURCES 2007 -Forest industry production Authorities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FINLAND SOURCES 2007 - Forest industry production Print Home Finland Government Authorities Local administration Federations, organizations Company outlooks Industry » Overview » Forest industry production » Turnover » Profit » Energy Year 2006 » Shipping Business services Infrastructure Economy Education

320

Relating forest biomass to SAR data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of an experiment defined to demonstrate the use of radar to retrieve forest biomass. The SAR data, after calibration, has been analyzed together with ground data collected on forest stands from young stage (8 yrs) to nature stage (46 yrs). The dynamic range of the radar backscatter intensity from forest was found maximum at P-band and decreases with increasing frequencies. Also, cross-polarized backscatter intensity yields the best sensitivities to variations of forest biomass. L-band data confirmed past results on good correlation with forest parameters. The most striking observation has been the strong correlation of P-band backscatter intensity to forest biomass. In order to develop algorithms to infer forest biomass from spaceborne SAR's, the experimental results will be compared with observations on other forest ecosystems and will be interpreted by theoretical modeling.

LeToan, T.; Beaudoin, A. (Centre d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements CNRS- Univ. Paul Sabatier Toulouse (FR)); Riom, J.; Guyon, D. (Lab. de Bioclimatologie INRA, Bordeaux (FR))

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "forest germany gan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Forest Research No. 37 May 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. ©AndreaKiewitt EcoThe Biodiversity and Conservation Newsletter of Ecology Division Forest Research type #12;2 Forest Research Welcome to the May issue of Ecotype, the Biodiversity and Conservation

322

University of Washington School of Forest Resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

limited staff and financial resources Opportunities: Where are opportunities facing you; i1 University of Washington School of Forest Resources Communications Plan 2010-2011 6 resource programs in the country, the School of Forest Resources (SFR) provides world class

Borenstein, Elhanan

323

Air pollutants effects on forest ecosystems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This book presents the papers given at a conference on the effects of acid rain on forests. The conference was sponsored by the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP). Topics considered at the conference included the status of US research on acid deposition and its effects contributing factors to the decline of forests, evidence for effects on ecosystems, the effects of air pollutants on forest ecosystems in North America and Europe, forest management, and future scientific research programs and management approaches.

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Immigration Policy, Labor Market Regulation and the Welfare State: A Comprehensive Look at Immigrant Labor Market Integration in Germany, Great Britain, the United States and Canada  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the Welfare State in Germany and the United States:of Male Immigrants in Germany, European Sociological Review:in the United States and Germany. New York: Berghahn Books;

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Does the market value R&D investment by European firms? Evidence from a panel of manufacturing firms in France, Germany, and Italy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Belgium, France, Germany and the UK: a comparison usingR&D and productivity in Germany and the United Kingdom. CEPcontrol: a study of France, Germany and the UK. Economic

Hall, Bronwyn H.; Oriani, R

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Jewish "Shtetls" in Postwar Germany: An Analysis of Interactions Among Jewish Displaced Persons, Germans, and Americans Between 1945 and 1957 in Bavaria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Middleton, Drew. "Into Germany with the First Army." NewJews in Post-Holocaust Germany, 1945-1953. Cambridge, UK ;in Post- World War II Germany. Evanston, Ill. : Northwestern

Crago-Schneider, Kierra Mikaila

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

KELP FOREST FOOD WEBS IN GWAII HAANAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KELP FOREST FOOD WEBS IN GWAII HAANAS: Ecosystem-Level Effects of Predator Depletion and Recovery-based management in restoring kelp forest resilience and productivity within and adjacent to Gwaii Haanas. We share of Research & Preliminary Results | 7 Benthic Invertebrate Communities in Kelp Forests | 7 Field Methods

328

PUBLICATIONS LIST Louisiana Forest Products Development Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Air-Drying and Kiln-drying from the Green Condition. Gibson, Grozdits #29 Southern Forest ProductsPUBLICATIONS LIST Louisiana Forest Products Development Center School of Renewable Natural Forest Products Development Center RESEARCH BRIEFS #1 An Overview of the Louisiana Secondary Wood

329

Forests and soil UK Forestry Standard Guidelines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; forestry; soil; sustainable forest management; UK Forestry Standard. FCGL006/FC-GB(MMJ)/JCTP-2.5K/NOV11 for sustainable forest management Good forestry practice requirement Element of SFM Reference number LegalForests and soil UK Forestry Standard Guidelines #12;Key to symbols UKFS Requirements

330

Forest and Carbon offset investments: problems and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and problems related to forest investments as C sinks 2. The two markets: ­The "regulated" market ­The voluntary market 3. Some final considerations 1. Mitigation options and problems related to forest (Bioenergy / biofuels) Mitigation options in the forest sector #12;2 Source: Schlamadinger, 2000 2. The two

Pettenella, Davide

331

Global integration for metals, mining and forest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as coils, bars and sheets. · Forest and paper companies own or lease forests, cut timber, process woodBeyond the familiar Global integration for metals, mining and forest and paper companies Industrial commitment by IBM Global Business Services to provide analysis and viewpoints that help companies realize

332

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION Forest Ecology & Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION Forest Ecology & Conservation Fall Semester Spring Semester First Conservation 3 BCT 150 The Built Envir. 4 NRC 211 Animal Sampling & Ident. 1 NRC 212 Forest Tree & Shrub ID 1; NRC 515 Forest Fire Mgt; NRC 597C Case Studies in Conservation; courses in Sociology, Anthropology

Schweik, Charles M.

333

Sustainability the forest and paper industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In Tune with the Environment The Forest and Paper Industry's Energy Profile 2 3 5 7 9 12 #12Sustainability the forest and paper industry ­ on its way to sustainability #12;Contents Introduction The Forest and Paper Industry's Economic Profile A Key Social Actor Sustainable Forestry Practices

334

Sustainability the forest and paper industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainable Forestry Practices In Tune with the Environment The Forest and Paper Industry's Energy Profile 2 3Sustainability the forest and paper industry ­ on its way to sustainability http://www.icfpa.org/_documents/ICFPAStatement1.pdf #12;Contents Introduction The Forest and Paper Industry's Economic Profile A Key Social Actor

335

IPST: Enabling the Forest Bioproducts Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and new forest products, renewable energy, chemicals, advanced materials and pharmaceuticals. MissionIPST: Enabling the Forest Bioproducts Industry Strategic Directions and Capabilities September 10 for the cost-competitive transformation of forest biomaterials into value-added products, including traditional

336

Fuel to Burn: Economics of Converting Forest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuel to Burn: Economics of Converting Forest Thinnings to Energy Using BioMax in Southern Oregon E-scale gasification plants that generate electrical energy from forest health thinnings may have the potential; Christensen, Glenn. 2005. Fuel to burn: Economics of converting forest thinnings to energy using Bio

Fried, Jeremy S.

337

FOREST SERVICE U. .DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

settbgs; planing m d ts; scenic roads; visible area; esthetic WT; Bhck Hills Nationd Forest, Many types, was developed. BLACK HILLS NATIONAL FOREST Each summer, thousands of recreationists visit the Black HlillsCSOUTH FOREST SERVICE U. §.DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE P.O. BOX 245, BERKELEY, CALIFORNIA 94701 BLE

Standiford, Richard B.

338

Denman Forestry Issues Series: Washington's Forest Regulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Denman Forestry Issues Series: Washington's Forest Regulations and Their Impacts on The Private College of Forest Resources continued its Denman Forestry Issues Series on May 30, 2001. Alumni landowners. Policy analysts and speakers representing the Washington Farm Forestry Assn., Washington Forest

Borenstein, Elhanan

339

UK Forestry Standard Guidelines Forests and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UK Forestry Standard Guidelines Forests and climate change #12;Key to symbols UKFS Requirements for sustainable forest management Good forestry practice requirement Element of SFM Reference number Legal of SFM Reference number #12;Forests and climate change Forestry Commission: Edinburgh UK Forestry

340

Forests and biodiversity UK Forestry Standard Guidelines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forests and biodiversity UK Forestry Standard Guidelines #12;Key to symbols UKFS Requirements;Forests and biodiversity Forestry Commission: Edinburgh UK Forestry Standard Guidelines #12;© Crown Commission in 2011. ISBN 978-0-85538-831-7 FORESTRY COMMISSION (2011). Forests and Biodiversity. UK Forestry

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "forest germany gan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Climate Change and Forest Disturbances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exotic species Nationwide 60j Landslide 100,000 1,000k Drought Nationwide Severity dependent aData from Ruiz (1996). bFrom 1989 to 1994, fires destroyed 454,000 ha of US forests each year (Ruiz 1996). In 1994, the United States had 661,000 ha of forest... by tornadoes. fAcross the southern United States, average harvest rotation length is 30 years, while across the North and Rocky Mountain region it is 70 years. Tornadoes destroy both the current year and accumulated previous years’ growth. Annual returns...

Dale, Virginia H.; Joyce, Linda A.; McNulty, Steve; Neilson, Ronald P.; Ayres, Matthew P.; Flannigan, Michael D.; Hanson, Paul J.; Irland, Lloyd C.; Lugo, Ariel E.; Peterson, Chris J.; Simberloff, Daniel; Swanson, Frederick J.; Stocks, Brian J.; Wotton, B. Michael; Peterson, A. Townsend

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Spatial distribution and magnetism in poly-Cr-doped GaN from first principles X. Y. Cui,1 J. E. Medvedeva,2 B. Delley,3 A. J. Freeman,4 and C. Stampfl1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatial distribution and magnetism in poly-Cr-doped GaN from first principles X. Y. Cui,1 J. E the spatial distribution and magnetic coupling of Cr-doped GaN, in which exhaustive structural and magnetic direct evidence that the distribution of the doped magnetic ions is neither homogeneous nor random

Medvedeva, Julia E.

343

Forest Fuels ReductionForest Fuels Reduction Department of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are the soil management and watershed implications from alternative fuels reduction approaches? 3. How do and implement appropriate technologies to meet sustainable forest management objectives involving fuels Management 1. What should the size and distribution of the residual woody material be on-site from a fire

Bolding, M. Chad

344

Changing Ethnic Identities in Post-National Germany: A Study of Turkish-German Literature, Politics, and Society  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Changing Ethnic Identities in Post-National Germany: A Study of Turkish-German Literature-Muslim immigrant communities in Germany. Women belonging to highly conservative Muslim families were murdered (The Foreign Bride), which details the practice of trafficking under-age Turkish brides to Germany

New Hampshire, University of

345

Wegelerstrae 6 53115 Bonn Germany phone +49 228 73-3427 fax +49 228 73-7527  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wegelerstraÿe 6 53115 Bonn Germany phone +49 228 73-3427 fax +49 228 73-7527 www Simulation, Universität Bonn, 53115 Bonn, Germany; Correspond with chernov@hcm.uni-bonn.de #12;#12;Noname Simulation, University of Bonn Endenicher Allee 60, 53115 Bonn, Germany Tel.: +49-228-7362246 Fax: +49

Bartels, Soeren

346

IAD Scientific Assembly 2013, Potsdam, Germany, Sept 1-6, 2013 On the capability of non-dedocated GPS-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IAD Scientific Assembly 2013, Potsdam, Germany, Sept 1-6, 2013 On the capability of non Geodesy, Graz University of Technology, Austria #12;IAD Scientific Assembly 2013, Potsdam, Germany, Sept 1-5 year data gap (?) year #12;IAD Scientific Assembly 2013, Potsdam, Germany, Sept 1-6, 2013 high-low SST

Stuttgart, Universität

347

D.D.E. Long, A. Amer and R. Burns July 2002, Munich, Germany Group-Based Management of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

© D.D.E. Long, A. Amer and R. Burns July 2002, Munich, Germany Group-Based Management, Germany Outline Motivation The Aggregating Cache Successor prediction and tracking Client Cache, Germany Motivation Improved client & server caching by grouping Reduced miss rates means fewer demand

Pâris, Jehan-François

348

Wage differentials between East and West Germany Are they related to the location or to the people?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wage differentials between East and West Germany Are they related to the location or to the people help from the Federal Government large wage differences between East and West Germany still persist. We their income in both, East and West Germany, the effect of the location can be identified. The results indicate

Pfeifer, Holger

349

Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tbingen, Germany VSS 2002, #18.3 ID501 Spatial updating in virtual environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tübingen, Germany VSS 2002, #18.3 ID501 Spatial: What are vestibular cues good for? MPI for Biological Cybernetics, Germany 2 "Voluntary" vs Cybernetics, Germany 3 Methods - Setup · Vestibular stimuli: 6 dof Motion Platform · Visual stimuli: LCD video

350

Literaturlenz: Reading with Authors from Germany, Switzerland, and Austria Reading with Larissa Boehning, Monica Cantieni, and Linda Stift  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Literaturlenz: Reading with Authors from Germany, Switzerland, and Austria Reading with Larissa.m. Each year Literaturlenz brings authors from Germany, Switzerland, and Austria to the UW Campus. Each Boehning from Germany, Monica Cantieni from Switzerland, and Linda Stift of Austria. The readings

Sheridan, Jennifer

351

Presented at the 21th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 September 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Presented at the 21th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Dresden, Germany, 4 SonnenStrom AG, Schillerstr. 1/6, 89077 Ulm, Germany V.M. Fthenakis, vmf@bnl.gov, Phone +1 631 344 2830 in Western-Europe (mainly Germany) and designed as described in section 3. Data on material quantities were

352

Temperature dependence of photoconductivity in Zn-doped GaN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In agreement with predictions from a model that explained an abrupt thermal quenching of the blue luminescence (BL) band in high-resistivity Zn-doped GaN [Reshchikov et al., Phys. Rev. B 84, 075212 (2011) and Phys. Rev. B 85, 245203 (2012)], we observed the stepwise decrease of photoconductivity in this material with increasing temperature. For the sample studied in this work, the decrease in photoconductivity occurred in two steps at characteristic temperatures T{sub 1} and T{sub 2}. The characteristic temperatures increased with increasing excitation intensity, very similar to the photoluminescence (PL) behavior. The steps in photoconductivity at about 100 K and 200 K are attributed to drop in the concentration of free electrons due to the thermal emission of holes from a shallow acceptor and the Zn{sub Ga} acceptor, respectively, to the valence band and their recombination with electrons via nonradiative centers. This finding supports the model suggested previously and helps to explain other examples of tunable photoconductivity reported in literature.

Reshchikov, Michael A. [Department of Physics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284 (United States)

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

353

Silviculture Forest Productivity and Nutrition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

15 Silviculture Forest Productivity and Nutrition Fire and Fuel Load Management Tree crops for bio-energy Productivity of Semi-mature Cape Pines Across Gradients of Water and Nutrient Availability The nutrient as optimise the period of their release to use in controlled release fertilizer mixtures. This will make large

Geldenhuys, Jaco

354

North Dakota's Forests Resource Bulletin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

opportunity provider and employer. #12;David E. Haugen, Robert Harsel, Aaron Bergdahl, Tom Claeys, Christopher, Charles J. Barnett, Grant M. Domke, Dan Kaisershot, W. Keith Moser, Andrew J. Lister, and Dale D and fire management team leader with the North Dakota Forest Service, Bismarck, ND. Christopher W. Woodall

355

Majoring in Forest Resources & Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-use management and includes substantial field work and group projects. Summer B FOR3200C Foundations in NaturalMajoring in Forest Resources & Conservation Specialization: Watershed Science & Management Watershed Science & Management prepares students to address the many management issues associated with water

Hill, Jeffrey E.

356

COMPARING FOREST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES UNDER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMPARING FOREST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES UNDER COMMUNITY-BASED AND CONVENTIONAL TENURES IN BRITISH OF MASTER OF RESOURCE MANAGEMENT In the School of Resource and Environmental Management © David Mealiea 2011 of Canada, this work may be reproduced, without authorization, under the conditions for Fair Dealing

357

Polarity determination for MOCVD growth of GaN on Si(111) by convergent beam electron diffraction[Metal Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The polarity of laterally epitaxially overgrown (LEO) GaN on Si(111) with an AlN buffer layer grown by MOCVD has been studied by convergent beam electron diffraction (CBED). The LEO GaN was studied by cross-section and plan-view transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The threading dislocation density is less than 10{sup 8} cm{sup {minus}2} and no inversion domains were observed. CBED patterns were obtained at 200 kV for the <1 {bar 1} 00> zone. Simulation was done by many-beam solution with 33 zero-order beams. The comparison of experimental CBED patterns and simulated patterns indicates that the polarity of GaN on Si(111) is Ga face.

Zhao, L.; Marchand, H.; Fini, P.; Denbaars, S.P.; Mishra, U.K.; Speck, J.S.

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Evaluation of growth methods for the heteroepitaxy of non-polar (11-20) GaN on sapphire by MOVPE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

double grating spectrometer equipped with a Peltier-cooled GaAs photomultiplier tube. The spectra were recorded with signal lock-in processing techniques. As the HeCd laser absorption length is ca. 350 nm for 99% absorption in GaN (ignoring any carrier... double grating spectrometer equipped with a Peltier-cooled GaAs photomultiplier tube. The spectra were recorded with signal lock-in processing techniques. As the HeCd laser absorption length is ca. 350 nm for 99% absorption in GaN (ignoring any carrier...

Oehler, F.; Sutherland, D.; Zhu, T.; Emery, R.; Badcock, T. J.; Kappers, M. J.; Humphreys, C. J.; Dawson, P.; Oliver, R. A.

2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

359

Effect of pressure and temperature on electronic structure of GaN in the zinc-blende structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of the hydrostatic pressure and the temperature on the electronic structure in GaN semiconductor has been calculated using the local empirical pseudopotential method. The variation of the direct and indirect energy gaps with the pressure up to 120 kbar and with the temperature up to 500 K has been done. The calculated fundamental energy gap at different pressures and different temperatures are calculated and compared with the available experimental data which show excellent agreement. The effect of pressure and temperature on the refractive index of the considered materials has also been studied.

Degheidy, A. R., E-mail: ardegheidy@mans.edu.eg; Elkenany, E. B., E-mail: kena@mans.edu.eg [Mansoura University, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science (Egypt)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

360

GaN nanorod light emitting diodes with suspended graphene transparent electrodes grown by rapid chemical vapor deposition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ordered and dense GaN light emitting nanorods are studied with polycrystalline graphene grown by rapid chemical vapor deposition as suspended transparent electrodes. As the substitute of indium tin oxide, the graphene avoids complex processing to fill up the gaps between nanorods and subsequent surface flattening and offers high conductivity to improve the carrier injection. The as-fabricated devices have 32% improvement in light output power compared to conventional planar GaN-graphene diodes. The suspended graphene remains electrically stable up to 300?°C in air. The graphene can be obtained at low cost and high efficiency, indicating its high potential in future applications.

Xu, Kun; Xu, Chen, E-mail: xuchen58@bjut.edu.cn; Deng, Jun; Zhu, Yanxu; Guo, Weiling; Mao, Mingming; Xun, Meng; Chen, Maoxing; Zheng, Lei [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronics Technology, Beijing University of Technology, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100124 (China)] [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronics Technology, Beijing University of Technology, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100124 (China); Xie, Yiyang [State Key Laboratory of Integrated Optoelectronics, Institute of Semiconductor, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Integrated Optoelectronics, Institute of Semiconductor, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083 (China); Sun, Jie, E-mail: jie.sun@chalmers.se [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronics Technology, Beijing University of Technology, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100124 (China) [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronics Technology, Beijing University of Technology, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100124 (China); Mikroteknologi och Nanovetenskap, Chalmers Tekniska Högskola AB, Göteborg 41296 (Sweden)

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "forest germany gan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Apprentice pay in Britain, Germany, and Switzerland: institutions, market forces and market power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The pay of metalworking apprentices is high in Britain, middling in Germany and low in Switzerland. We analyse these differences using fieldwork evidence and survey data, drawing on both economic and institutionalist theories. Several institutional...

Ryan, Paul; Backes-Gellner, Uschi; Teuber, Silvia; Wagner, Karin

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

362

System transferability of public hospital facility management between Germany and Iran.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The subject of this PhD-thesis is the transferability of Facility Management (FM) by using the example of hospitals in Germany and Iran. The intention is… (more)

Banedj-Schafii, Mandana

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

The contemporary International Building Exhibition (IBA) : innovative regeneration strategies in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Internationale Bauausstellung or International Building Exhibition (IBA) is a planning methodology implemented over the course of the 20th century and into the 21st century in Germany. The IBA is unique and characterized ...

Shay, Alice (Alice Ann)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Disparities in nuclear power plant performance in the United States and the Federal Republic of Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This report presents data comparing the performance of light water reactors in the United States and the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG). The comparisons are made for the years 1980-1983 and include 21 Westinghouse ...

Hansen, Kent F.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

say Andr Schirmeisen of the University of Mnster, Germany, and his colleagues.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

burning in Thailand and Indonesia dropped steeply across the 50-kilometre-wide boundary. They conclude for Coal Research in Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany. Specifically, a liquid made of an alkylmethylimidazolium

Cai, Long

366

Feminist Cross-cultural Research: Observations from a Research Project in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent research indicates that the rapid imposition of West German structures (policy, economy, culture) on East Germany caused economic hardships and personal insecurities which Ieave many East German women feeling vulnerable. This essay depicts...

Adler, Marina A.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

A comparative study of the diffusion of antihypertensive and antidepressant medications in Germany in Japan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis analyzes and compares the diffusion of antihypertensive and antidepressant medications in Germany and Japan during the time period of 1992 and 2003. The antihypertensive medications are classified as new, middle ...

Cui, Ling, 1978-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Why Are Resiential PV Prices in Germany So Much Lower Than in the United States?  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) SunShot Initiative, in conjunction with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) discusses the installed price of residential PV being significantly lower in Germany than in the United States.

369

Energy-Optimised Building- Experience and Future Perspectives from a Demonstration Programme in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy savings of 50% and more compared to current practice in Germany, without exceeding conventional investment costs. A number of these projects have been awarded architectural prizes. This paper summarises key findings and explains the strategies...

Hans, O.; Voss, K.; Wagner, A.; Gossner, H.; Grunewald, J.; Petzold, H.; Herkel, S.; Pfafferott, J.; Lehmann, D.; Neumann, C.

370

Kinaesthetic impulses : aesthetic experience, bodily knowledge, and pedagogical practices in Germany, 1871-1918  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation studies a moment of transition in German aesthetics in the late nineteenth century. Starting in the 1870s, groups of artists, architects, historians, critics, connoisseurs, and museum officials in Germany ...

Çelik, Zeynep, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Effects of Forest Harvesting and Regeneration on Peak Streamflow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects of Forest Harvesting and Regeneration on Peak Streamflow in a Coastal Watershed By Robert Harvesting and Regeneration on Peak Streamflow in a Coastal Watershed. Research Section, Vancouver Forest to harvest timber on Crown lands--is re-invested in the forests, forest workers, and forest communities

372

LITHUANIAN FOREST RESEARCH INSTITUTE Studies on forestry, technology and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

production in Rokiskis forest enterprise Final report Financed by Swedish Energy Agency Girionys ­ 2002 http1 LITHUANIAN FOREST RESEARCH INSTITUTE Studies on forestry, technology and economy of forest fuel ...........................................................................................................................................1 1. ASSESSMENT OF FOREST FUEL RESOURCES IN ROKISKIS FOREST ENTERPRISE (A.Kuliesis, J

373

COLORADO STATEWIDE FOREST RESOURCE ASSESSMENTCOLORADO STATEWIDE FOREST RESOURCE ASSESSMENTCOLORADO STATEWIDE FOREST RESOURCE ASSESSMENTCOLORADO STATEWIDE FOREST RESOURCE ASSESSMENT CFRI Conference onCFRI Conference onCFRI Conference onCFRI Conference on W  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATEWIDE FOREST RESOURCE ASSESSMENTCOLORADO STATEWIDE FOREST RESOURCE ASSESSMENT CFRI Conference on.outcomes on the ground.outcomes on the ground. o Foundation = Statewide Forest Resource AssessmentsFoundation = Statewide Forest Resource AssessmentsFoundation = Statewide Forest Resource AssessmentsFoundation = Statewide

374

2013 Colorado Forest Health Report 2013 Report on the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2013 Colorado Forest Health Report 2013 Report on the Health of Colorado's Forests Caring Timm Schaubert, Outreach Division Supervisor. Thanks also to William M. Ciesla, Forest Health;A January 2014 2013 Colorado Forest Health Report As your new Colorado State Forester, it is my

375

Builders of a Nation: Women’s Experiences in Postwar Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? 45 Builders of a Nation: Women’s Experiences in Postwar Germany Barbara Brennan The German women who survived the Second World War are often characterized by the familiar images of long lines of women digging the country out from... underneath the rubble. However, their contributions to the rebuilding of Germany reach much further than the act of physically rebuilding the country. The sacrifices required of them for the survival their families and themselves were tremendous...

Brennan, Barbara

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

A Review of "Poetry and Parental Bereavement in Early Modern Lutheran Germany" by Anna Linton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

204 seventeenth-century news Anna Linton. Poetry and Parental Bereavement in Early Modern Lutheran Germany. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. xvi + 319 pp. $110.00. Review by susan r. boettcher, university of texas at austin. Anna Linton... among Lutheran authors in early modern Germany. As sources, she uses sixteenth- and seventeenth-century commemorative poetry, books of consolation, and funeral publications found at the Herzog August Bibliothek in Wolfenb...

Boettcher, Susan R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

National Forest ent of Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

XY! Santa Fe National Forest Departm ent of Energy 00-011(c) R-SMA-2.05 191.140 Acres R00406030003 juniper bale R00406030002 juniper bale R00402040005 established vegetation, green hatch area 7100 7100! R-SMA-0.5 0.181 Acres R-SMA-2.05 191.140 Acres C-00-020 00-011(e)00-011(c) Rendija Canyon Guaje

378

Beaver Monitoring Protocol for Forest Service Region 2 Revised May 2008 1 USDA FOREST SERVICE REGION 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HILLS NATIONAL FORESTS (Photo from Nature of New England Website ­ http Black Hills National Forest, USDA Forest Service, Custer, SD Revised May 2008 #12;Beaver MonitoringBeaver Monitoring Protocol for Forest Service Region 2 ­ Revised May 2008 1 USDA FOREST SERVICE

Beck, Jeffrey L.

379

Bernhard Grimm, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany; Robert J. Porra, CSIRO Plant Industry, Canberra, ACT, Australia; Wolfhart Rdiger, Mnchen University, Mnchen, Germany; Hugo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

interest in solar energy, this collection on the chlorophylls is most timely, covering the latest aspects the biological process of photosynthesis to include such topics as solar energy conversion, environmental science, Canberra, ACT, Australia; Wolfhart Rüdiger, München University, München, Germany; Hugo Scheer, München

Govindjee "Gov"

380

UNCCD Office location: UNCCD, Hermann-Ehlers-Str. 10, D -53113 Bonn, Germany Postal address: P.O. Box 260129, D -53153 Bonn, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

threaten the processes that sustain the global ecosphere and life on earth. 2. The United Nations.O. Box 260129, D - 53153 Bonn, Germany Achieving global sustainability through effective sustainable land.......................................................................................................................... 3 II. Achieving global sustainability through effective sustainable land management

Franz, Sven Oliver

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "forest germany gan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Illegal logging threatens Congo's forests, global climate Illegal logging threatens Congo's forests, global climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contracts with logging companies covering more than 15 million hectares of forest," the report stated with logging companies instead giving villages gifts of salt and beer worth less than $100. "In a contextIllegal logging threatens Congo's forests, global climate Illegal logging threatens Congo's forests

382

China's forest products trade falls nearly 18% China's forest products trade falls nearly 18%  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China's forest products trade falls nearly 18% China's forest products trade falls nearly 18% 11/08/2009 - 09:05 According to China's latest Customs statistics, foreign trade of China's forest products in the first five months showed a year-on-year general downturn. The total value of foreign trade of China

383

Increasing carbon dioxideIncreasing carbon dioxide & its effect on forest& its effect on forest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ecosystem's natural capacity toA forest ecosystem's natural capacity to capture energy, capture energy's natural capacity toA forest ecosystem's natural capacity to capture energy, capture energy, sustain life10/13/2010 1 Increasing carbon dioxideIncreasing carbon dioxide & its effect on forest& its effect

Gray, Matthew

384

APPENDIX C Colorado Statewide Forest Resource Assessment Protect Forests From Harm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 APPENDIX C ­ Colorado Statewide Forest Resource Assessment Data Gaps Protect Forests From Harm o. Enhance Public Benefits from Trees and Forests o Water Supply Need data that will allow assessment Economic Opportunities Need a state level assessment of biomass supply for both wood products

385

Occurrences of forest butterflies in the farm bush savannah outside a forest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, uncovered two broad community types, i.e. forest (edge plus 80 m inside) and matrix. Relative fidelity commonly trapped in the matrix. Although forest generalists and dry forest species were expected to be more., 1992; Poorter et al., 2004; although see Fairhead and Leach, 2002). This human transform- ation of what

Bossart, Janice L.

386

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION FOREST ECOLOGY & CONSERVATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION FOREST ECOLOGY & CONSERVATION For students entering after 8 in Conservation; courses in Sociology, Anthropology, Public Policy, GIS, Remote Sensing; at the direction

Schweik, Charles M.

387

Foresters for the Birds In New Hampshire  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

)townhallwillbeonthe left. Foresters fortheBirds InNewHampshire September27,2013 8am-3:30pm SullivanTownHalland Maynard

New Hampshire, University of

388

Ecophysiology of forest and savanna vegetation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lowland vegetation of tropical South America—An overview, instate for tropical South America, Geophys. Res. Lett. , 30(dry seasonal forests of South America, Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. ,

Lloyd, J.; Goulden, M. L.; Ometto, J. P.; Patino, S.; Fyllas, N. M.; Quesada, C. A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Aerial photographic monitoring of spruce damage in Bayerischer Wald National Park, Federal Republic of Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) August, 1989 Forest damage or '%aldschaden" has became a matter of increasing ~ in ~ ~. In 1983, 34 ~ of the forests of the F~ ~lic of ~ were found to be affected. In Southern ~'s state of Bavaria, 45 percent of the forests were found... to be In an attempt to detecnine the rate at which the forest ~ phenomenon ? particularly with ~ to Norway spruce (Picea abies Karst. ) ? is wo~ in Bayerischer Weld National Park, an air photo interpretation study was conducted utilizing large scale 1:3000 color...

Goebel, John Martin

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

EAST TEXAS FOREST INVENTORY (ETFI) PILOT PROJECT REMOTE SENSING PHASE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EAST TEXAS FOREST INVENTORY (ETFI) PILOT PROJECT REMOTE SENSING PHASE Dr. Daniel R. Unger, Remote) or the United States Forest Service (USFS) via the Southern Forest Inventory and Analysis Program (SFIA

Hung, I-Kuai

391

Why Brazilian companies are certifying their forests? Michelle Araujo 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Why Brazilian companies are certifying their forests? Michelle Araujo 1 , Shashi Kant , Laercio adoption by Brazilian companies. Furthermore, companies' familiarity with certification systems, external influences on pursuing forest certification, and companies' intention to recertify their forests

392

Department of Forest and Wood Science Academic Programmes for 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Forest and Wood Science Academic Programmes for 2014 Postgraduate Diploma Enquiries: Head of Department Contact details: Department of Forest and Wood Science Stellenbosch University;Department of Forest and Wood Science - 2012 2 Contents: Postgraduate Programmes Postgraduate Diploma

Geldenhuys, Jaco

393

FOREST PRODUCTS MARKET IN 2007 AND PROSPECTS FOR 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 FOREST PRODUCTS MARKET IN 2007 AND PROSPECTS FOR 2008 IN ROMANIA 1.General economic trends affecting the forest and forest industries sector In Romania, the year 2007 represents the sixth consecutive

394

Top-gate thin-film transistors based on GaN channel layer Rongsheng Chen, Wei Zhou, and Hoi Sing Kwok  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

liquid gallium target. The GaN TFTs exhibit good electrical performance such as field effect mobility of 1 cm2 /Vs, threshold voltage of Ã?0.4 V, on/off current ratio of 105 , and subthreshold swing of 0 electrical sta- bility of ZnO-based TFTs is still a main issue preventing from commercialization.9 Bottom

395

The reaction of carbon tetrachloride with gallium arsenide ,,001... L. Li., S, Gan, B.-K. Han, H. Qi, and R. F. Hicksa)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The reaction of carbon tetrachloride with gallium arsenide ,,001... L. Li., S, Gan, B.-K. Han, H, California 90095 Received 26 June 1997; accepted for publication 30 December 1997 Carbon tetrachloride of steps during the vapor-phase epitaxial growth of III­V compound semiconductors.3,4 Carbon tetrachloride

Li, Lian

396

STUDY OF THE RADIATION HARDNESS OF VCSEL AND PIN K.K. GAN, W. FERNANDO, H.P. KAGAN, R.D. KASS, A. LAW,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the main radiation effect is bulk damage in the VCSEL and PIN with the displacement of atoms. After five and VCSEL arrays coupled to radiation-hard ASICs produced for the current pixel optical link [5], the DORIC1 STUDY OF THE RADIATION HARDNESS OF VCSEL AND PIN ARRAYS K.K. GAN, W. FERNANDO, H.P. KAGAN, R

Gan, K. K.

397

Growth of GaN on SiC(0001) by Molecular Beam Epitaxy C. D. LEE (a), ASHUTOSH SAGAR (a), R. M. FEENSTRA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

]. Silicon carbide has a much better lattice match to GaN (3.4%), and has gained in popularity in recent years as a substrate for both molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) and metal-organic vapor phase epitaxy of Ga where a transition between streaky and spotty behavior occurs in the reflection high energy electron

Feenstra, Randall

398

High Tonnage Forest Biomass Production Systems from Southern...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

High Tonnage Forest Biomass Production Systems from Southern Pine Energy Plantations High Tonnage Forest Biomass Production Systems from Southern Pine Energy Plantations This...

399

High Tonnage Forest Biomass Production Systems from Southern...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Biomass Program Review High Tonnage Forest Biomass Production Systems from Southern Pine Energy Plantations DE-EE0001036 S. Taylor (Auburn University), R. Rummer (USDA Forest...

400

A Design-Builder's Perspective: Anaerobic Digestion, Forest County...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

A Design-Builder's Perspective: Anaerobic Digestion, Forest County Potawatomi Community - A Case Study A Design-Builder's Perspective: Anaerobic Digestion, Forest County Potawatomi...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "forest germany gan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Nature Climate Change features Los Alamos forest research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nature Climate Change Features Forest Research Nature Climate Change features Los Alamos forest research The print issue features as its cover story the tree-stress research of...

402

Forest County Potawatomi Tribe Cuts Emissions, Promotes Green...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Emissions, Promotes Green Growth Forest County Potawatomi Tribe Cuts Emissions, Promotes Green Growth February 23, 2012 - 6:29pm Addthis The Forest County Potawatomi Tribe's solar...

403

Rising global temperatures accelerate drought-induced forest...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

up," thus the researchers are imposing artificial drought conditions on segments of wild forest in the Southwest and pushing forests to their limit to discover the exact...

404

amazonian forest regrowth: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

mortality, tropical forest, vegetation between remotely-sensed indices and forest inventory data on tree mortality. There were differences Malhi, Yadvinder 2 Plant species...

405

amazonian forest culture: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

mortality, tropical forest, vegetation between remotely-sensed indices and forest inventory data on tree mortality. There were differences Malhi, Yadvinder 3 Effects of...

406

amazonian forests implications: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

mortality, tropical forest, vegetation between remotely-sensed indices and forest inventory data on tree mortality. There were differences Malhi, Yadvinder 3 Effects of...

407

The economics of carbon sequestration in western Oregon forests.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This study considered regional forest policies for sequestering carbon in existing forests in western Oregon. A model of log markets in western Oregon was employed… (more)

Im, Eun Ho

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Canada's National Forest Inventory An Interagency Collaboration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Canada's National Forest Inventory An Interagency Collaboration Mark Gillis and Michael Brady: · Timber supply analysis · Management unit planning Management Inventory #12;· Canada's NFI-2001 ­ NFI 2006... National Inventory #12;Canada's National Forest Inventory (1976-2001) ­ compilation

409

FOREST HEALTH DAY Thursday 20 September 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sarah Green, Forest Research 1130 - Comfort break (Tea/Coffee) 1145 - Insect pests of trees in Scotland 272440 There will be no charge for this event. Tea, coffee and a light lunch will be provided and disease issues in the field. #12;FOREST HEALTH DAY 0930 - Registration, tea/coffee 1000 - Welcome

410

ORIGINAL PAPER Contribution of forest management artefacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL PAPER Contribution of forest management artefacts to plant diversity at a forest scale.3% were within 4 m of an artefact and 8.4% were located on an artefact. The artefact contribution to total included or not in the artefact contribution. Road verges were the least frequent artefacts but provided

Boyer, Edmond

411

"ECONOMIC ANALYSES OF SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

implications · An alternative view of SFM · Analysis IntroductionIntroduction · Forests produce multiple products and services including timber, wildlife habitat, species bio- and genetic diversity, water quality and control, waste remediation, recreation, and carbon sequestration. #12;· In economics, forests are analyzed

Gray, Matthew

412

The North American Forest Sector Outlook Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to consumption patterns for wood products and bioenergy. Markets for wood products, which mainly are destined for packaging and miscellaneous uses will continue to enjoy strong global demand. Keywords Bioenergy, biomass, forest products, forest resources, future, GDP, globalization, import, increment, IPCC, markets

413

Classifying forest productivity at different scales  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spatial scale is an important consideration when evaluating, using, or constructing forest productivity classifications. First, the factors which dominate spatial variability in forest productivity are scale dependent. For example, within a stand, spatial variability in productivity is dominated by microsite differences; within a national forest such as the Cherokee National Forest, spatial variability is dominated by topography and land-use history (e.g., years since harvest); within a large region such as the southeast, spatial variability is dominated by climatic patterns. Second, classifications developed at different spatial scales are often used for different purposes. For example, stand-level classifications are often keys or rules used in the field to judge the quality or potential of a site. National-forest classifications are often presented as maps or tables and may be used in forest land planning. Regional classifications may be maps or tables and may be used to quantify or predict resource availability. These scale-related differences in controlling factors and purposes will affect both the methods and the data used to develop classifications. In this paper, I will illustrate these points by describing and comparing three forest productivity classifications, each developed for a specific purpose at a specific scale. My objective is not to argue for or against any of these particular classifications but rather to heighten awareness of the critical role that spatial scale plays in the use and development of forest productivity classifications. 8 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

Graham, R.L.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION FOREST ECOLOGY & CONSERVATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION FOREST ECOLOGY & CONSERVATION For students entering after 8 for the Forest Ecology & Conservation curriculum total 93 credits. This curriculum meets the Society of American & Conservation concentration. Two of these three courses must have the additional Diversity (U and G) designation

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

415

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION Forest Ecology & Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION Forest Ecology & Conservation Fall Semester Spring Semester First Conservation 3 BCT 150 The Built Envir. 4 NRC 211 Animal Sampling & Ident. 1 NRC 212 Forest Tree & Shrub ID 1 forestry; NRC 575 Case Studies in Conservation; courses in Sociology, Anthropology, Public Policy, GIS

Schweik, Charles M.

416

"The Queen Elizabeth Forest Park (QEFP) was  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"The Queen Elizabeth Forest Park (QEFP) was designated by the Forestry Commission in 1953 to mark the coronation of Queen Elizabeth. It attracts over a million visitors a year to its stunning landscape of forest, mountain, moorland and lochs that stretches from the east shore of Loch Lomond to the hills of Strathyre

417

Forest Research Annual Report and Accounts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, comprising a total value of £1.4 billion (2 billion), the bulk of which is produced by European forest tree stock in an inactive condition for extended periods, and to ensure plant quality where supply. #12;Forest Research Annual Report and Accounts 2004­2005 41 Assessing seedling quality Despite

418

Forest Research No. 36 March 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forest Research No. 36 March 2007 EcotypeThe Biodiversity and Conservation Newsletter of Ecology style of newsletter will please our readership. Ecotype has been the Biodiversity and Conservation to include information from many other projects related to forest biodiversity and conservation management

419

Guidelines on local European forest energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-European: MCPFE ­EU: Forest Action Plan, Rural Development Policy, Renewable Energy Policy EU Renewable Energy1 Guidelines on local European forest energy networks THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC DIMENSION Davide-economic consideration B. Micro-economic consideration 3. A synthesis: SWOT analysis of the wood energy chain 1

Pettenella, Davide

420

An Exploration of the Effects of Language on the Orchestral Trombone Sound in France, Germany, and the United States.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The orchestral trombone sound of France, Germany, and the United States was analyzed through the lens of language. A thorough investigation of the characteristic sounds… (more)

Mounger, Christine

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "forest germany gan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Greater flexibility, greater growth: A comparative study of labor and capitalist models in Japan, Germany, and the United States.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??After the end of the Second World War, three major economic powers emerged. Japan in Asia, Germany in Europe, and the United States in North… (more)

Thompson, Jay Arthur

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

spe438-20 page 1 Garrison, N.J., Busby, C.J., Gans, P.B., Putirka, K., and Wagner, D.L., 2008, A mantle plume beneath California? The mid-Miocene Lovejoy flood basalt, northern  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Miocene Lovejoy flood basalt, northern California Noah J. Garrison Cathy J. Busby Phillip B. Gans Department the eastern Snake River Plain toward the Yellowstone caldera (Armstrong et al., 1975; Rodgers et al., 1990

Busby, Cathy

423

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Advanced Low-Cost SiC and GaN Wide Bandgap Inverters for Under-the-Hood Electric Vehicle Traction Drives  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by APEI Inc. at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about Advanced low-cost SIC and GaN wide...

424

Comparing Germany's and California's Interconnection Processes for PV Systems (White Paper)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Establishing interconnection to the grid is a recognized barrier to the deployment of distributed energy generation. This report compares interconnection processes for photovoltaic projects in California and Germany. This report summarizes the steps of the interconnection process for developers and utilities, the average length of time utilities take to process applications, and paperwork required of project developers. Based on a review of the available literature, this report finds that while the interconnection procedures and timelines are similar in California and Germany, differences in the legal and regulatory frameworks are substantial.

Tweedie, A.; Doris, E.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Polarity characterization by anomalous x-ray dispersion of ZnO films and GaN lateral polar structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate the use of anomalous x-ray scattering of constituent cations at their absorption edge, in a conventional Bragg-Brentano diffractometer, to measure absolutely and quantitatively the polar orientation and polarity fraction of unipolar and mixed polar wurtzitic crystals. In one set of experiments, the gradual transition between c+ and c? polarity of epitaxial ZnO films on sapphire as a function of MgO buffer layer thickness is monitored quantitatively, while in a second experiment, we map the polarity of a lateral polar homojunction in GaN. The dispersion measurements are compared with piezoforce microscopy images, and we demonstrate how x-ray dispersion and scanning probe methods can provide complementary information that can discriminate between polarity fractions at a material surface and polarity fractions averaged over the film bulk.

Shelton, Christopher T.; Sachet, Edward; Paisley, Elizabeth A.; Hoffmann, Marc P.; Rajan, Joseph; Collazo, Ramón; Sitar, Zlatko; Maria, Jon-Paul [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695 (United States)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

426

Mg doping of GaN grown by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy under nitrogen-rich conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Acceptor doping of GaN with Mg during plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy, under N-rich conditions and a relatively high growth temperature of 740 deg. C, was investigated. The p-doping level steadily increases with increasing Mg flux. The highest doping level achieved, determined from Hall measurements, is 2.1x10{sup 18} cm{sup -3}. The corresponding doping efficiency and hole mobility are approx4.9% and 3.7 cm{sup 2}/V s at room temperature. Cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy and photoluminescence measurements confirm good crystalline and optical quality of the Mg-doped layers. An InGaN/GaN quantum dot light emitting diode (lambda{sub peak}=529 nm) with p-GaN contact layers grown under N-rich condition exhibits a low series resistance of 9.8 OMEGA.

Zhang Meng; Bhattacharya, Pallab; Guo Wei; Banerjee, Animesh [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Solid-State Electronics Laboratory, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122 (United States)

2010-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

427

Training Needs in Louisiana's Value-Added Forest Products Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Training Needs in Louisiana's Value-Added Forest Products Industry Richard VloskyRichard Vlosky Director, Louisiana Forest Products Development CenterDirector, Louisiana Forest Products DevelopmentLSU Agricultural Center England Air ParkEngland Air Park--January 18, 2005January 18, 2005 Louisiana Forest

428

Global Forest Products Trade by Ed Pepke, EFI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

change policies: escalation of wood energy production, consumption and trade 3. Globalization of forest Lacey Act Amendment f. EU renewable (wood) energy policies Forests, Markets, Policy & PracticeGlobal Forest Products Trade by Ed Pepke, EFI Forests, Markets, Policy & Practice Shanghai, China

429

Forest inventory Charles T. Scott & Jeffrey H. Gove  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forest inventory Charles T. Scott & Jeffrey H. Gove Volume 2, pp 814­820 in Encyclopedia, Chichester, 2002 #12;Forest inventory Forest inventory is an accounting of trees and their related by a comprehensive survey of all households in the country. Similarly, forest inventories seek to enumerate

430

15 September 2014 SENT TO LSU AGCENTER/LOUISIANA FOREST PRODUCTS DEVELOPMENT CENTER -FOREST SECTOR / FORESTY PRODUCTS INTEREST GROUP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is used to displace fossil fuels as energy source. · that young forest stands sequester energy more15 September 2014 SENT TO LSU AGCENTER/LOUISIANA FOREST PRODUCTS DEVELOPMENT CENTER - FOREST SECTOR manufactured materials or who have come to believe that forests need to be saved. The reasons for this finding

431

20 March 2014 SENT TO LSU AGCENTER/LOUISIANA FOREST PRODUCTS DEVELOPMENT CENTER -FOREST SECTOR / FORESTY PRODUCTS INTEREST GROUP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/ FORESTY PRODUCTS INTEREST GROUP 1 U.S. Forest Service Helps Fund Harvard Forest Green Energy Project at the dedication ceremony for the Harvard Forest Wood Energy Project, an exciting venture partially supported in a recent U.S. surge in the use of this form of green energy. Since 2005, the Forest Service's woody biomass

432

USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-18. 2001. 377 1Pike and San Isabel National Forests,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-18. 2001. 377 1Pike and San Isabel National Forests, USDA Forest Service, Pueblo, CO. Aspen Regeneration in South-Central Colorado, San Isabel National Forest Tim regeneration. Following harvest, the Douglas-fir and some Engelmann spruce stands in the Arkansas Hills area

433

Colorado State Forest Service HB09-1199 --Colorado Healthy Forests and Vibrant Communities Act of 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Colorado State Forest Service HB09-1199 -- Colorado Healthy Forests and Vibrant Communities Act of 2009 Summary The Colorado Healthy Forests and Vibrant Communities Act of 2009 increases efforts to address wildfire risk and provides resources to the Colorado State Forest Service (CSFS) to augment its

434

Kenya's forests: going up in smoke  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Closed forest and commercially valuable woodland account for at most 11,406 square miles in Kenya (about 5.2% of the country's area). Plantation forests, mainly of exotic conifers, cover more than 550 square miles, and it is hoped that exotic plantation species will entirely replace dependence on the indigenous forests for pulp, sawn timber and other roundwood. However, reliance on charcoal as a fuel has led to widespread deforestation, particularly along highways and within 20 miles of towns and major villages. Deforestation is likely to increase with increasing population pressure.

Burnett, G.W.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Discriminant forest classification method and system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A hybrid machine learning methodology and system for classification that combines classical random forest (RF) methodology with discriminant analysis (DA) techniques to provide enhanced classification capability. A DA technique which uses feature measurements of an object to predict its class membership, such as linear discriminant analysis (LDA) or Andersen-Bahadur linear discriminant technique (AB), is used to split the data at each node in each of its classification trees to train and grow the trees and the forest. When training is finished, a set of n DA-based decision trees of a discriminant forest is produced for use in predicting the classification of new samples of unknown class.

Chen, Barry Y.; Hanley, William G.; Lemmond, Tracy D.; Hiller, Lawrence J.; Knapp, David A.; Mugge, Marshall J.

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

436

188 Forest health surveillance in Victoria Australian Forestry 2008 Vol. 71 No. 3 pp. 188195  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

available for sustainable timber production (VictorianAssociation of Forest Industries 2008). Native forestForests. While several companies manage plantations in Victoria, HVP Plantations (formerly Hancock Victoria

437

17th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition 2009, Hamburg, Germany Lignocellulosic Ethanol: The Path to Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

17th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition 2009, Hamburg, Germany Lignocellulosic Ethanol of transport fuels from biomass is essential if the EU aspiration to substitute 10% of transport fuels investment in R&D in the US, Europe and Asia. The production of ethanol from lignocellulosic biomass

438

http://www.jstor.org Antiminority Riots in Unified Germany: Cultural Conflicts and Mischanneled Political  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Political Participation Author(s): Roger Karapin Source: Comparative Politics, Vol. 34, No. 2, (Jan., 2002), pp. 147-167 Published by: Ph.D. Program in Political Science of the City University of New York@jstor.org. #12;Antiminority Riots in Unified Germany CulturalConflictsandMischanneledPoliticalParticipation Roger

Qiu, Weigang

439

Ina Lauth, Fraunhofer AIS, St. Augustin, Germany KDNet (NOE) , KDubiq (CA) and Beyond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Ina Lauth, Fraunhofer AIS, St. Augustin, Germany KDNet (NOE) , KDubiq (CA) and Beyond Codrina Lauth Fraunhofer AIS, Sankt Augustin and Institute for Computer Science III, University Bonn #12;2Lastname Outline Fraunhofer AIS and University Bonn will host ICML/ILP 2005 7-13 August 2005 EU Projects

Baeza-Yates, Ricardo

440

International Conference on Wood-based Bioenergy LIGNA+Hannover, Germany, 17-18 May 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Conference on Wood-based Bioenergy LIGNA+Hannover, Germany, 17-18 May 2007 Photo: NTC Marketing Specialist and Sebastian Hetsch, Consultant Food and Agricultural Organization & UN Economic Commission for Europe Geneva, Switzerland #12;International Conference on Wood-based Bioenergy LIGNA

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "forest germany gan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Fachbereich Informatik der Universitat Hamburg VogtKollnStr. 30 D22527 Hamburg / Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fachbereich Informatik der UniversitË?at Hamburg Vogt­KË?olln­Str. 30 #6; D­22527 Hamburg / Germany MË?oller University of Hamburg, Computer Science Department, Vogt­KË?olln­Str. 30, 22527 Hamburg Selman (eds), Breckenridge, Colorado, USA, 12­15 April 2000. 1 Introduction Experiences with concept

Haarslev, Volker

442

The Role of the Green Party in Germany's Renewable Energy Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Role of the Green Party in Germany's Renewable Energy Policy A Healthy Serving of Greens power, increasing reliance on renewable energy Renewable Energy Sources Act of 2000 and 2004 -provided grid access and stable prices for renewables Market Liberalization with the Energy Supply Act of 1998

New Hampshire, University of

443

Proceedings of Workshop on Uranium Production Environmental Restoration: An exchange between the United States and Germany  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Scientists, engineers, elected officials, and industry regulators from the United, States and Germany met in Albuquerque, New Mexico, August 16--20, 1993, in the first joint international workshop to discuss uranium tailings remediation. Entitled ``Workshop on Uranium Production Environmental Restoration: An Exchange between the US and Germany,`` the meeting was hosted by the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project. The goal of the workshop was to further understanding and communication on the uranium tailings cleanup projects in the US and Germany. Many communities around the world are faced with an environmental legacy -- enormous quantities of hazardous and low-level radioactive materials from the production of uranium used for energy and nuclear weapons. In 1978, the US Congress passed the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act. Title I of the law established a program to assess the tailings at inactive uranium processing sites and provide a means for joint federal and state funding of the cleanup efforts at sites where all or substantially all of the uranium was produced for sale to a federal agency. The UMTRA Project is responsible for the cleanup of 24 sites in 10 states. Germany is facing nearly identical uranium cleanup problems and has established a cleanup project. At the workshop, participants had an opportunity to interact with a broad cross section of the environmental restoration and waste disposal community, discuss common concerns and problems, and develop a broader understanding of the issues. Abstracts are catalogued individually for the data base.

Not Available

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

444

Max-Planck-Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, Norrkoping, Sweden  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Institute, NorrkoÃ?ping, Sweden 3 Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland 4 Rossby Centre, NorrkoÃ?ping, Sweden 5 German Weather Service, Offenbach, Germany 6 Institute for Marine Research, University of Kiel, Sweden A comprehensive model inter-comparison study investigating the water budget during the BALTEX

Lindau, Ralf

445

THE CRYOGENIC SYSTEM OF TESLA S. Wolff, DESY, Notkestr. 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE CRYOGENIC SYSTEM OF TESLA S. Wolff, DESY, Notkestr. 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany for the TESLA collaboration Abstract TESLA, a 33 km long 500 GeV centre-of-mass energy superconducting linear collider The 33 km long e+ e- linear collider TESLA (Tera eV Energy Superconductiong Linear Accelerator) with 500

446

OPERATIONAL EXPERIENCE WITH THE TEST FACILITIES FOR TESLA H. Weise, DESY, Hamburg, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OPERATIONAL EXPERIENCE WITH THE TEST FACILITIES FOR TESLA H. Weise, DESY, Hamburg, Germany Abstract The TESLA superconducting electron-positron linear collider with an integrated X-ray laser laboratory government in matters of science. In preparation of this, the TESLA Test Facility was set up at DESY. More

447

Reinforcement Learning to Adjust Robot Movements to New Situations MPI Tbingen, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, namely a kernelized version of the reward-weighted regres- sion. We show two robot applications and Peters, 2010], and even in tasks with potential industrial applications [Urbanek et al., 2004Reinforcement Learning to Adjust Robot Movements to New Situations Jens Kober MPI Tübingen, Germany

448

Multidecadal solar radiation trends in the United States and Germany and direct tropospheric aerosol forcing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multidecadal solar radiation trends in the United States and Germany and direct tropospheric, the positive trend is almost equal. We attained these results by scrutinizing clear-sky global solar radiation ratio of solar radiation were used for constraining the observed trends. Increased absorption

449

SUPERCONDUCTING RF STRUCTURES TEST FACILITIES AND H. Weise, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany for the TESLA Collaboration Abstract The design of the TESLA superconducting electron than 16 thousand hours of operation demonstrated this technology. Results of single cavity tests followed by drying in a class 100 clean room; annealing at 800°C in an Ultra High Vacuum oven to relieve

450

Preparation of Ag Schottky contacts on n-type GaN bulk crystals grown in nitrogen rich atmosphere by the hydride vapor phase epitaxy technique  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrical properties of Schottky contacts on n-type GaN grown in nitrogen rich atmosphere with different N/Ga ratios by hydride vapor phase epitaxy were investigated. We show that tunneling of electrons from the conduction band of GaN to the metal is dominant in our samples. The quality of Schottky contacts does not only depend on surface preparation but also on the growth conditions of the crystals. Schottky contacts on these crystals show an increasing deterioration when higher N/Ga growth ratios are used. We correlate our results with the presence of negatively charged gallium vacancies in the samples. These charges compensate the positively charged donors and lead to a significant increase in series resistance.

Stübner, R., E-mail: ronald.stuebner@physik.tu-dresden.de; Kolkovsky, Vl.; Weber, J. [Technische Universität Dresden, 01062 Dresden (Germany); Leibiger, Gunnar; Habel, Frank [Freiberger Compound Materials GmbH, 09599 Freiberg (Germany)

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

451

Confirmation of intrinsic electron gap states at nonpolar GaN(1-100) surfaces combining photoelectron and surface optical spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electronic structure of GaN(1–100) surfaces is investigated in-situ by photoelectron spectroscopy (PES) and reflection anisotropy spectroscopy (RAS). Occupied surface states 3.1?eV below the Fermi energy are observed by PES, accompanied by surface optical transitions found in RAS around 3.3?eV, i.e., below the bulk band gap. These results indicate that the GaN(1–100) surface band gap is smaller than the bulk one due to the existence of intra-gap states, in agreement with density functional theory calculations. Furthermore, the experiments demonstrate that RAS can be applied for optical surface studies of anisotropic crystals.

Himmerlich, M., E-mail: marcel.himmerlich@tu-ilmenau.de; Eisenhardt, A.; Shokhovets, S.; Krischok, S. [Institut für Physik and Institut für Mikro- und Nanotechnologien, TU Ilmenau, PF 100565, 98684 Ilmenau (Germany); Räthel, J.; Speiser, E.; Neumann, M. D.; Navarro-Quezada, A.; Esser, N. [Leibniz-Institut für Analytische Wissenschaften - ISAS - e.V., Albert-Einstein-Strasse 9, 12489 Berlin (Germany)

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

452

BIODIVERSITY AND DEVELOPMENT: EUCALYPTUS & FOREST LAW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Brazil. Specializations include: Wood construction, Industrialization and marketing of forest products Other: A. 4% to sawmills B. Wood pellets C. system Short rotations of 6-7 years Managed for Fiber or Fuel-wood http

Gray, Matthew

453

Robust scheduling in forest operations planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forest operations planning is a complex decision process which considers multiple objectives on the strategic, tactical and operational horizons. Decisions such as where to harvest and in what order over different time ...

Lim, Lui Cheng

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Geospatial Analysis School of Forest Resources &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geospatial Analysis GIS 4121 School of Forest Resources & Conservation Geomatics Program _______________________________________________________________________________________ 1 GIS 4121 Geospatial Analysis INSTRUCTORS: Dr. Hartwig Henry Hochmair (FLREC Fort Lauderdale) Dr MATERIALS: de Smith, MJ, Goodchild, MF, & Longley, PA (2010). Geospatial Analysis (3rd ed.). Leicester

Watson, Craig A.

455

Producing Pine Straw in East Texas Forests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Managing pine forests for the production of pine straw is a promising new enterprise in East Texas. This publication explains the processes and equipment needed to harvest and market pine straw....

Taylor, Eric; Foster, C. Darwin

2004-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

456

Colorado Statewide Forest Products Industry Profile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Colorado Statewide Forest Products Industry Profile Economic Sustainability and Ecological and Comparisons · Production and Processing · Sales and Markets · Economic and Ecological Contributions Sawmills · 1/4 for Roundwood (post and pole, vigas, house logs), furniture, excelsior etc. ­ Sawmill

457

Christian Schuster received the Diploma degree in physics from the University of Konstanz, Germany, in 1996, and the Ph. D. degree in electrical engineering from the Swiss Federal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Christian Schuster received the Diploma degree in physics from the University of Konstanz, Germany of Electromagnetic Theory at the Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH), Germany. Prior to that he was with the IBM

Garmestani, Hamid

458

Information visualization for in-car communication processes Michael Sedlmair, BMW Group Research and Technology, Germany, Michael.Sedlmair@bmw.de  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Information visualization for in-car communication processes Michael Sedlmair, BMW Group Research and Technology, Germany, Michael.Sedlmair@bmw.de Supervisor: Andreas Butz, University of Munich, Germany, Andreas

459

Comparative study of GaN mesa etch characteristics in Cl{sub 2} based inductively coupled plasma with Ar and BCl{sub 3} as additive gases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

GaN thin film etching is investigated and compared for mesa formation in inductively coupled plasma (ICP) of Cl{sub 2} with Ar and BCl{sub 3} gas additives using photoresist mask. Etch characteristics are studied as a function of ICP process parameters, viz., ICP power, radio frequency (RF) power, and chamber pressure at fixed total flow rate. The etch rate at each ICP/RF power is 0.1–0.2??m/min higher for Cl{sub 2}/Ar mixture mainly due to higher Cl dissociation efficiency of Ar additive that readily provides Cl ion/radical for reaction in comparison to Cl{sub 2}/BCl{sub 3} mixture. Cl{sub 2}/Ar mixture also leads to better photoresist mask selectivity. The etch-induced roughness is investigated using atomic force microscopy. Cl{sub 2}/Ar etching has resulted in lower root-mean-square roughness of GaN etched surface in comparison to Cl{sub 2}/BCl{sub 3} etching due to increased Ar ion energy and flux with ICP/RF power that enhances the sputter removal of etch product. The GaN surface damage after etching is also evaluated using room temperature photoluminescence and found to be increasing with ICP/RF power for both the etch chemistries with higher degree of damage in Cl{sub 2}/BCl{sub 3} etching under same condition.

Rawal, Dipendra Singh, E-mail: dsrawal15@gmail.com; Arora, Henika; Sehgal, Bhupender Kumar; Muralidharan, Rangarajan [Solid State Physics Laboratory, Lucknow Road, Timarpur, Delhi-110054 (India)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

460
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "forest germany gan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Hamburg, Germany's second largest city, is home to two of the most important urban development areas in Europe: HafenCity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hamburg, Germany's second largest city, is home to two of the most important urban development for ecological sustainability and mixed use development along the Elbe River in Hamburg, Germany e m b e r 1 5 , 9 a m ­ 1 2 : 30 p m The City of Hamburg, Germany is a city-state. Like Washington

District of Columbia, University of the

462

Julian Ollesch received his Ph.D. with highest honours in 2006 of the Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany. In 2007, he joined Stanley Prusiners Institute for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Germany. In 2007, he joined Stanley Prusiners Institute for Neurodegenerative Diseases in San Francisco's dementia at Marcus Fändrich's group in Halle/Saale, Germany. In 2010, he joined the Protein research Unit Ruhr within Europe, PURE at the Biophysics Department of the Ruhr- University Bochum, Germany. Margot

Gerwert, Klaus

463

College of Engineering Study Abroad: Germany Blog Welcome to the blog of Stephanie Berger, Sophomore, Biological Systems Engineering major at UNL. She  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College of Engineering Study Abroad: Germany Blog Welcome to the blog of Stephanie Berger internship in Germany through the DAAD/RISE program. Monday, August 3, 2009 Last week was my last week Germany for a little over a week before I head back to the U.S.! Since I got this scholarship through

Farritor, Shane

464

Are there signs of acidification reversal in freshwaters of the low mountain ranges in Germany? Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 5(3), 367378 (2001) EGS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Are there signs of acidification reversal in freshwaters of the low mountain ranges in Germany? 367 in freshwaters of the low mountain ranges in Germany? C. Alewell1 , M. Armbruster2 , J. Bittersohl3 , C.D. Evans4 of Bayreuth, D-95440 Bayreuth, Germany 2 Institute of Soil Science, Technical University of Dresden, D-01735

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

465

Strategies for Orchard Irrigation in South-Western Germany under the Limitation of Meeting Instream Flow Requirements of the Used Stream  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Strategies for Orchard Irrigation in South-Western Germany under the Limitation of Meeting Stuttgart, Institut fuer Wasserbau, Germany www.iws.uni-stuttgart.de Condensed abstract: In South-Western Germany, orchard-irrigation farming may endanger the ecological con- ditions of streams used for supplying

Cirpka, Olaf Arie

466

G. Vlad et al. 10th IAEA TM on Energetic Particles -Kloster Seeon, Germany, 8-10/10/2007 1 Particle Simulations of Alfvn Modes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

G. Vlad et al. 10th IAEA TM on Energetic Particles - Kloster Seeon, Germany, 8-10/10/2007 1 - Kloster Seeon, Germany, 8-10/10/2007 2 Outline · Introduction · Experimental observations · The HMGC code sensitivity) · Conclusions #12;G. Vlad et al. 10th IAEA TM on Energetic Particles - Kloster Seeon, Germany, 8

Vlad, Gregorio

467

Research position in maternity at Hannover Medical School, Hannover Medical School is one of the leading medical universities in Germany with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research position in maternity at Hannover Medical School, Germany Hannover Medical School is one of the leading medical universities in Germany with excellent results in health care, research, education. In 2009, the only MSc Midwifery Programme in Germany was launched as part of the European Master

Manstein, Dietmar J.

468

Our Forests in the [Water] Balance Water: Brought by a forest near you  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the amount and type of precipitation that falls across the western United States. Research shows a trend1 Our Forests in the [Water] Balance Water: Brought by a forest near you Water is a crucial, industry, energy, recreation, and the natural resources we manage and care about. While most citizens

469

Forest Research Annual Report and Accounts 2003200466 Monitoring of forest health in Britain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tree health problems but provides information of relevance to studies of pollution effects, climate and Boswell, 1987). Forest decline was linked with air pollution by certain scientists and foresters during-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP) in 1979 and, under its auspices, an International Co- operative Programme

470

Sensing the forestSensing the forest: a micro-meteorological study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the Netherlands Institute for Public Health and the Environment (rivm) and is part of their air-pollution that the atmospheric boundary-layer height will be higher over forest than over low vegetation. Air-pollution and the Dutch forests · Concern for the hazardous effect of air-pollution on natural ecosystems

Haak, Hein

471

Managing Sierra Nevada Forests Appendix: Examples of Forest Structures That May  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

these following Bull et al.'s (1997)3 focus on five conditions: live trees with decay, hollows or brooms, snags, and brush. 1 Forester, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Region, Eldorado--Live tree with hollow structure. The tree has an old dead top with cavity nests and a new healthy top

Standiford, Richard B.

472

Forest Fuel Reduction Survey Analysis: Forest Administrators Cornelis F. de Hoop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forest Fuel Reduction Survey Analysis: Forest Administrators by Cornelis F. de Hoop Amith Hanumappa to seriously investigate and execute the methods required to carry out a successful fuel reduction project operations wherein fuel reduction is a primary management objective. Literature on this wave of activity

Wu, Qinglin

473

A Guide for Virginia Forest Landowners Jennifer L. Gagnon, Coordinator, Virginia Forest Landowner Education Program,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Education Program, Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation, Virginia Tech Introduction As a private of timber harvest planning and how to work with professional foresters and natu- ral resource management final management decisions. Resources for learning more about any of the topics covered are available

Liskiewicz, Maciej

474

Expanding Research Horizons: USDA Forest Service Initiative for Developing Recycled Paper Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forest Service research on recycling is being led by scientists at the Forest Products Laboratory (FPLExpanding Research Horizons: USDA Forest Service Initiative for Developing Recycled Paper Technology Theodore L. Laufenberg, Program Manager Forest Products Conservation and Recycling Said Abubakr

Abubakr, Said

475

Edge effects in a forest mosaic: implications for oak regeneration in the Highlands of Chiapas, Mexico.   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forest edges created by scattered-patch clear-cutting have become a common landscape feature in tropical montane forests, including pine-oak and evergreen cloud forests. Forest-edge-pasture gradients were characterised ...

López-Barrera, Fabiola

476

Governance of Forests Initiative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power BasicsGermany: Energy Resources JumpEnergyGoltry Public WorksElec

477

People and Forests: a case study from Benin, West Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this work is to demonstrate how sacred forests in Benin, West Africa, contribute to forest conservation. Local use of natural resources is well-practiced in maintaining wooded space; the same use of those ...

Kraus, Erika Beth

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

478

Evaluating undeveloped urban forest resources using color infrared imagery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, thereby putting increased pressure on undeveloped rural areas. With urban development expanding into rural areas (mostly non-industrial private forest land), resource managers need to examine existing forest resources and recommend methods of protection...

Snelgrove, Robert Todd

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

acuminata forests affected: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

StationRICULTUR , CALIFORN FOREST SERVICE. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AG P.O. BOX 245, BERKELEY LOGGING SLASH: its breakdown and decay at two forests in northern California Willis W....

480

austrocedrus chilensis forests: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

StationRICULTUR , CALIFORN FOREST SERVICE. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AG P.O. BOX 245, BERKELEY LOGGING SLASH: its breakdown and decay at two forests in northern California Willis W....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "forest germany gan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

alnus acuminata forests: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

StationRICULTUR , CALIFORN FOREST SERVICE. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AG P.O. BOX 245, BERKELEY LOGGING SLASH: its breakdown and decay at two forests in northern California Willis W....

482

Protected Areas: Mixed Success in Conserving East Africa's Evergreen Forests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for correlations with forest accessibility and environmental drivers. We investigate PA effectiveness at local drivers of forest loss in East Africa. Some of these factors can be addressed by adjusting park management

483

Remotely sensed heat anomalies linked with Amazonian forest biomass declines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with Amazonian forest biomass declines Michael Toomey, 1 Darof aboveground living biomass (p biomass declines, Geophys. Res.

Toomey, M.; Roberts, D. A.; Still, C.; Goulden, M. L.; McFadden, J. P.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Preordered forests, packed words and contraction algebras Anthony Mansuy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an increasing condition, we obtain the Hopf subalgebra of heap-ordered forests Hho (see [FU10, GL90]). Moreover

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

485

think forward OrderNumberDOC-P80-EXS026V12007BrukerAXSGmbH.PrintedinGermany.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AXSGmbH.PrintedinGermany. Proportional and Scintillation Counter Proportional counter for light elements Scintillation counter for heavyYour Command Wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry offers: Multi element analysis from Be to U

Wells, Mathew G. - Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences, University of Toronto

486

Using Vehicle Taxes to Reduce Carbon Dioxide Emissions Rates of New Passenger Vehicles: Evidence from France, Germany, and Sweden  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

France, Germany, and Sweden link vehicle taxes to the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions rates of passenger vehicles. Based on new vehicle registration data from 2005–2010, a vehicle’s tax is negatively correlated with its ...

Klier, Thomas

487

Does it take one or two to tango? : language skills, physical appearance, and immigrant integration in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Breaking with a long-held political stance that Germany is, despite a sizeable share of permanent immigrant residents, not a country of immigration, the German legislature has drawn up a new immigration law, which entered ...

Wickboldt, Anne-Katrin, 1970-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Corporate governance under stress : an institutional perspective on the transformation of corporate governance in France and Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work contributes to the study of comparative political economy by examining the impact of financial deregulation on corporate governance in the two main continental European economies, France and Germany. It investigates ...

Goyer, Michel, 1964-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Nitrogen cycle of the Baltic Sea from an isotopic perspective Baltic Sea Research Institute-Warnemunde (IOW), Rostock, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nitrogen cycle of the Baltic Sea from an isotopic perspective M. Voss Baltic Sea Research Institute-Warnemu¨nde, Hamburg, Germany S. Hille, T. Neumann, and J. W. Dippner Baltic Sea Research Institute-Warnemu¨nde (IOW

Dippner, Joachim W.

490

American Suppliers: The Role of Americans in the Perpetuation and Maintenance of the Postwar Black Market in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Americans are curiously absent from the literature as forces in the black market prevailing in Germany after World War II. Aside from Rundell's study of failed currency control policy during the Second World War and the subsequent occupations...

Fasulo, Micheal

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

491

Cross-border transfer of climate change mitigation technologies : the case of wind energy from Denmark and Germany to India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research investigated the causal factors and processes of international development and diffusion of wind energy technology by examining private sector cross-border technology transfer from Denmark and Germany to India ...

Mizuno, Emi, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Industry and forest wetlands: Cooperative research initiatives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1989 the forest products industry responded to a challenge of the National Wetlands Policy Forum to initiate a cooperative research program on forest wetlands management organized through the National Council of the Paper Industry for Air and Stream Improvement (NCASI). The objective is to determine how forest landowners can manage wetlands for timber production while protecting other wetland functions such as flood storage, water purification, and food chain/wildlife habitat support. Studies supported by the NCASI in 9 states are summarized. Technical support on wetland regulatory issues to member companies is part of the research program. Since guidelines for recognizing wetlands for regulatory proposed have changed frequently, the NCASI has recommend an explicit link between wetland delineation and a classification system that considers difference among wetland types in vegetation, soils, hydrology, appearance, landscape position, and other factors. 16 refs.

Shepard, J.P. (National Council of the Paper Industry for Air and Stream Improvement, Gainesville, FL (United States)); Lucier, A.A. (National Council of the Paper Industry for Air and Stream Improvement, New York, NY (United States)); Haines, L.W. (International Paper, Bainbridge, GA (United States))

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Principles of Forest Stewardship1 1As per the Foresters Act S.4(2)(b) "to advocate for and uphold principles of stewardship of forests, forest lands, forest resources and forest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and resilience of the ecosystem. Ecological integrity refers to the wholeness of ecosystems, as well. Ecological Integrity 4 2. Information and Understanding 4 3. Forest Management Goals and Objectives 4 4 and landscape levels which maintains and protects ecosystem function, integrity and resilience. It is based upon

494

ECE / FAO Forest Products Annual Market Review, 1998-1999 ____________________________________________ 47 FOREST PRODUCTS IN THE ELECTRONIC MARKET  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of availability, while actual transactions take place in electronic markets. #12ECE / FAO Forest Products Annual Market Review, 1998-1999 ____________________________________________ 47 CHAPTER 6 FOREST PRODUCTS IN THE ELECTRONIC MARKET PLACE Highlights · The Internet, as a new

495

ECE / FAO Forest Products Annual Market Review, 1998-1999 ____________________________________________ 47 FOREST PRODUCTS IN THE ELECTRONIC MARKET  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of availability, while actual transactions take place in electronic markets. httpECE / FAO Forest Products Annual Market Review, 1998-1999 ____________________________________________ 47 CHAPTER 6 FOREST PRODUCTS IN THE ELECTRONIC MARKET PLACE Highlights · The Internet, as a new

496

Final Report: July 2007 Study 1: Timber Supply Future of Washington's Forest and Forest Industries Study Page 2  

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Final Report: July 2007 Study 1: Timber Supply Future of Washington's Forest and Forest Industries Ceder, Elaine Oneil, Jim McCarter, Hiroo Imaki, Alicia Sullivan Table of Contents Statement of Intent: ......................................................................................................................16 Westside Management Alternatives and Impacts

497

A review of "Patterned Lives: The Lutheran Funeral Biography in Early Modern Germany" by Cornelia Niekus Moore  

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Germany. Wolfenb?tteler Forschungen 111. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2006. 403 pp. Review by AMY NELSON BURNETT, UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA-LINCOLN To those unfamiliar with the Lutheran funeral work, a book devoted to the biographies that were an important... about early modern Germany, but rather to discuss the genre as a whole, describing its origin, development and demise over the course of two centu- ries. The book is clearly structured around this goal. After an opening chapter that introduces...

Burnett, Amy Nelson

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Observation of a German farm family: their culture and values, and aspects of beginning a career in agriculture in Germany  

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OBSERVATION OF A GERMAN FARM FAMILY, THEIR CULTURE AND VALUFS, AND ASPECTS OF BEGINNING A CARFER IN AGRICULTURE IN GERMANY A PROFESSIONAL PAPER BEVERLY ANN BIANCI 11 Submitted to the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences of Texas ASM... OF BEGINNING A CAREER IN GERMANY IN AGRICULTURE A Professional Paper By BEVERLY ANN BIANCHI Approved as to style and content by: Jones E. Christlansen (Chair of Committee) Don R. Herring (Committee Member) Barbara J. Gastel (Committee Member...

Bianchi, Beverly Ann

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Fisher Research and the Kings River Sustainable Forest Ecosystems Project  

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of the Sierra National Forest, Fresno County, California, with fieldwork beginning in 1994 (Verner and Figure 1--The Kings River administrative study area in the Sierra National Forest in central California includesFisher Research and the Kings River Sustainable Forest Ecosystems Project: Current Results

Standiford, Richard B.

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FOREST FIRES AND OIL FIELDS AS PERCOLATION PHENOMENA.  

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size distribution model for estimating oil reserves and for use in forest management under the `natural estimates of oil reserves, and be of use for ecosystem based forest management under the `naturalFOREST FIRES AND OIL FIELDS AS PERCOLATION PHENOMENA. William J. Reed #3; JUNE, 1999. Abstract

Reed, W.J.