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1

Problems with packaged sources in foreign countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Global Threat Reduction Initiative's (GTRI) Off-Site Source Recovery Project (OSRP), which is administered by the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), removes excess, unwanted, abandoned, or orphan radioactive sealed sources that pose a potential threat to national security, public health, and safety. In total, GTRI/OSRP has been able to recover more than 25,000 excess and unwanted sealed sources from over 825 sites. In addition to transuranic sources, the GTRI/OSRP mission now includes recovery of beta/gamma emitting sources, which are of concern to both the U.S. government and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). This paper provides a synopsis of cooperative efforts in foreign countries to remove excess and unwanted sealed sources by discussing three topical areas: (1) The Regional Partnership with the International Atomic Energy Agency; (2) Challenges in repatriating sealed sources; and (3) Options for repatriating sealed sources.

Abeyta, Cristy L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Matzke, James L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zarling, John [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tompkin, J. Andrew [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

The attractiveness of Finland in the host-country screening of inward foreign direct investment: A case study.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Foreign direct investments have proven their significant role as part of welfare and economic growth of the countries. Recent years have shown alarming signs of… (more)

Väisänen, Heta Tuulia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Report to Congress: Expressions of interest in commercial clean coal technology projects in foreign countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report was prepared in response to the guidance provided by the Congress in the course of the Fiscal Year 1995 appropriations process for the Department of Energy`s (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE). As described in detail below, DOE was directed to make the international dissemination of Clean Coal Technologies (CCTs) an integral part of its policy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in developing countries. Congress directed DOE to solicit ``Statements of Interest`` in commercial projects employing CCTs in countries projected to have significant growth in greenhouse gas emissions. Additionally, DOE was asked to submit to the Congress a report that analyzes the information contained in the Statements of Interest, and that identifies the extent to which various types of Federal incentives would accelerate the commercial availability of these technologies in an international context. In response to DOE`s solicitation of 18 November 1994, 77 Statements of Interest were received from 33 companies, as well as five additional materials. The contents of these submittals, including the requested Federal incentives, the CCTs proposed, the possible host countries, and the environmental aspects of the Statements of Interest, are described and analyzed in the chapters that follow.

NONE

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Foreign Fishery Developments Foreign Fishing Policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Some countries (Ecua- dor, Guatemala, and Uruguay) require foreign fishermen to appoint a local agent coun- tries to regulate foreign fishermen. Some countries have more complex systems. Uruguay are based in Guyanese ports 4. Other countries (Ecuador', EI Salva- dor, and Uruguay) have created special

5

Survey of waste package designs for disposal of high-level waste/spent fuel in selected foreign countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of a survey of the waste package strategies for seven western countries with active nuclear power programs that are pursuing disposal of spent nuclear fuel or high-level wastes in deep geologic rock formations. Information, current as of January 1989, is given on the leading waste package concepts for Belgium, Canada, France, Federal Republic of Germany, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. All but two of the countries surveyed (France and the UK) have developed design concepts for their repositories, but none of the countries has developed its final waste repository or package concept. Waste package concepts are under study in all the countries surveyed, except the UK. Most of the countries have not yet developed a reference concept and are considering several concepts. Most of the information presented in this report is for the current reference or leading concepts. All canisters for the wastes are cylindrical, and are made of metal (stainless steel, mild steel, titanium, or copper). The canister concepts have relatively thin walls, except those for spent fuel in Sweden and Germany. Diagrams are presented for the reference or leading concepts for canisters for the countries surveyed. The expected lifetimes of the conceptual canisters in their respective disposal environment are typically 500 to 1,000 years, with Sweden's copper canister expected to last as long as one million years. Overpack containers that would contain the canisters are being considered in some of the countries. All of the countries surveyed, except one (Germany) are currently planning to utilize a buffer material (typically bentonite) surrounding the disposal package in the repository. Most of the countries surveyed plan to limit the maximum temperature in the buffer material to about 100{degree}C. 52 refs., 9 figs.

Schneider, K.J.; Lakey, L.T.; Silviera, D.J.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Official Foreign Travel  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish Department of Energy (DOE) and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) requirements and responsibilities governing official foreign travel by Federal and contractor employees. The Page Change 1 to the CRD issued 11-8-02, will expand the requirements for country clearance for contractors to include all official foreign travel, including travel to nonsensitive countries. Cancels DOE O 551.1. Canceled by DOE O 551.1B.

2002-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

7

Reporting Unofficial Foreign Travel  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Establishes requirements for the reporting of unofficial travel to foreign countries by DOE and DOE contractor employees that hold an access authorization (personnel security clearances). DOE N 251.40, dated 5/3/01, extended this directive until 12/31/01.

2000-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

8

SECURITY ANALYSIS OF PROPOSEDTRAVELTO SENSITIVE COUNTRIES | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

COUNTRIES More Documents & Publications 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 6, Foreign Interaction PSH-12-0117 - In the matter of Personnel Security...

9

Research needs and data acquisition to apply US technology to foreign coals: Annual report, July 1, 1986-June 30, 1987. [Production and consumption of each indexed country  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Extensive data on the coal resources, characteristics, demand and supply, coal production and plans for coal utilization to meet the energy needs in the countries of the Pacific Basin and Asia have been gathered. Two databases have been prepared based on this information which are compatible with the database on domestic coals available at NCTDC, PETC on coal resources and characteristics. Coal technologies and coal preparation methods currently in use in the Pacific Basin and Asia have also been addressed. In the second phase of this project, an assessment of the information obtained will be conducted and, wherever possible, this data will be compared with domestic data on coals and coal conversion practices so as to highlight similarities or differences. High quality and useful data will be enumerated in the form of graphs, tables and matrices for quick review. Conclusions from this data will depict work areas of potential mutual interest and areas of technology transfer. US products and services which can be exported will be emphasized.

Joseph, S.; Kulkarni, A.; Saluja, J.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Foreign Deities in Egypt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fig. 211. ) Foreign Deities in Egypt, Zivie-Coche, UEE 2011god Hauron and his cult in Egypt. Göttinger Miszellen 107,2011, Foreign Deities in Egypt. UEE. Full Citation: Zivie-

Zivie-Coche, Christiane

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Official Foreign Travel  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The order establishes requirements and responsibilities governing official foreign travel by Federal and contractor employees. Cancels DOE O 551.1C.

2012-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

12

Official Foreign Travel  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Order sets forth requirements and responsibilities governing official foreign travel by Federal and contractor employees. Cancels DOE O 551.1B.

2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

13

Essays on banking and corporate finance in developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation consists of three essays that examine banking and corporate finance in developing countries. Specifically, it explores the theoretical and empirical implications of open capital markets, foreign bank ...

Gormley, Todd A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Official Foreign Travel  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish Department of Energy (DOE) and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) requirements and responsibilities governing official foreign travel by Federal and contractor employees. Cancels DOE O 551.1. Canceled by DOE O 551.1B.

2000-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

15

Official Foreign Travel  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish Department of Energy (DOE) and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) requirements and responsibilities governing official foreign travel by Federal and contractor employees. Cancels DOE O 551.1A. Canceled by DOE O 551.1C.

2003-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

16

Official Foreign Travel  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Establishes Department of Energy (DOE) requirements and responsibilities governing official foreign travel by Federal and contract employees. Cancels DOE O 1500.3. Canceled by DOE O 551.1A.

2000-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

17

The Heroic Framing of US Foreign Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

leaders affirm foreign policy as a moral issue,” Unitedemphasis of foreign policy. ” POLITICAL RESEARCH QUARTERLYThe Press and Foreign Policy. Univ of California. Cohen,

Shaw, Emily D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Profiles of foreign direct investment in U.S. energy 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Profiles of Foreign Direct Investment in US Energy 1993 describes the role of foreign ownership in US energy resources. This report also looks at the investment patterns of US energy companies in other countries. The data used in this report come from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), the US Department of Commerce, company annual reports, and public disclosures of investment activities.

NONE

1995-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

19

China's Foreign Policy under the New Leadership More Continuity than Change Fraser Cameron11  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 China's Foreign Policy under the New Leadership ­ More Continuity than Change Fraser men at the helm (there are no women) will seek to change China's traditionally cautious foreign policy with India over unresolved border claims.2 This has caused disquiet with many countries wondering about

Steels, Luc

20

EA-0912: Urgent-Relief Acceptance of Foreign Research Reactor Spent Nuclear Fuel  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to accept 409 spent fuel elements from eight foreign research reactors in seven European countries.  The spent fuel would be shipped across...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "foreign countries extraction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Are Foreign Firms Privileged By Their Host Governments? Evidence From The 2000 World Business Environment Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the data from World Business Environment Survey (WBES) on over 10,000 firms across eighty one countries, this paper finds preliminary evidence that foreign firms enjoy significant regulatory advantages - as perceived ...

Huang, Yasheng

2005-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

22

Foreign Energy Company Competitiveness: Background information  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides background information to the report Energy Company Competitiveness: Little to Do With Subsidies (DOE 1994). The main body of this publication consists of data uncovered during the course of research on this DOE report. This data pertains to major government energy policies in each country studied. This report also provides a summary of the DOE report. In October 1993, the Office of Energy Intelligence, US Department of Energy (formerly the Office of Foreign Intelligence), requested that Pacific Northwest Laboratory prepare a report addressing policies and actions used by foreign governments to enhance the competitiveness of their energy firms. Pacific Northwest Laboratory prepared the report Energy Company Competitiveness Little to Do With Subsidies (DOE 1994), which provided the analysis requested by DOE. An appendix was also prepared, which provided extensive background documentation to the analysis. Because of the length of the appendix, Pacific Northwest Laboratory decided to publish this information separately, as contained in this report.

Weimar, M.R.; Freund, K.A.; Roop, J.M.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Japanese Foreign Minister Nobutaka  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for a plentiful future supply of clean power as the world moves away from coal, oil and natural gas. Top Japanese-mura, a northern village near the Pacific Ocean, while the EU, China and Russia back France's bid for the project China Iter Defense and Foreign Policy FAMU01 Thu, 5 May 2005 04:46:59 GMT © AFP TOP

24

Percutaneous Retrieval of a Radiolucent Foreign Body from an EVAR Device by Combining Different Image Modalities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Percutaneous extraction techniques are an established method for removing endovascular foreign bodies. Generally, the foreign body to be removed is radiopaque (i.e., catheter and guidewire fragments, vena cava filters, embolization coils, endovascular stents). We propose an application of these techniques to remove a radiolucent foreign body (i.e., pigtail cover) by means of a combination of different imaging techniques (fluoroscopy, digital subtraction angiography, ultrasound, and computed axial tomography).

Barbiero, Giulio, E-mail: giuliobarbiero@katamail.co [St. Bassiano Hospital, Department of Radiology (Italy); Cognolato, Diego [St. Bassiano Hospital, Department of Vascular Surgery (Italy); Polverosi, Roberta; Guarise, Alessandro [St. Bassiano Hospital, Department of Radiology (Italy)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

25

Research needs and data acquisition to apply US technology to foreign coals: Quarterly report, October-December 1986. [Foreign  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Coal Technology Data Center (NCTDC) at the Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center is currently addressing the recognized need for technical and scientific information on international coal characteristics and coal conversion technologies adopted in foreign countries. At NCTDC, the present database on domestic coals and coal conversion technologies is being supplemented with data on international coals through the development of a comprehensive international database on foreign coals and coal conversion technologies. DOE plans to utilize this information to develop strategic planning and policy options and assist the private sector in determining the utility of its products and services in the international market place. It is hoped, that through the better understanding of their foreign coal resources, advanced US coal preparation, conversion and utilization technologies can be applied to these coals, promoting not only US technology transfer but also addressing the immediate energy needs of the developing countries.

Not Available

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To define a program for unclassified foreign national access to Department of Energy sites, information, and technologies. This Order cancels DOE P 142.1, Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments, dated 7-14-99; DOE N 142.1, Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments, dated 7-14-99; Secretarial Memorandum Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments, dated 7-14-99; Memorandum from Francis S. Blake, Departmental Use of Foreign Access Central Tracking System, dated 11-05-01; Memorandum from Kyle E. McSlarrow, Interim Guidance for Implementation of the Department's Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments Program, dated 12-17-02; and Secretarial Memorandum, Policy Exclusion for Unclassified Foreign National's Access to Department of Energy Facilities in Urgent or Emergency Medical Situations, dated 4-10-01. Cancels: DOE P 142.1 and DOE N 142.1

2004-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

27

Documents for Foreign Nationals  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phasesDataTranslocationDiurnal Cycle ofDoDocuments for Foreign Nationals

28

Documents for Foreign Nationals  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phasesDataTranslocationDiurnal Cycle ofDoDocuments for Foreign

29

The structural preconditions for maximizing FDI spillovers in Colombia : a sectoral impact analysis of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on Industry output, labor payments, firm productivity, and the productive structure (1995-2009)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Do multinational corporations (MNCs) crowd out domestic firms in developing countries, or is foreign direct investment (FDI) complementary to domestic firm profitability, productivity, and employment? Empirical literature ...

Hyman, Benjamin G. (Benjamin Gabriel)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Thailand: Asia Pacific energy series: Country report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of our continuing assessment of the Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked upon country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each country within the region. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic situation and, when possible, of the political situation in the country under study. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, as much as possible, we have provided the latest available statistics---more often than not, from unpublished sources. Staff members have traveled extensively in the countries under review and have spoken to top policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but the latest thinking on energy issues in various countries. It is our hope that over the next few years these country studies can be updated and will provide a continuous, long-term source of energy sector analysis for the Asia-Pacific region. 48 refs., 23 figs., 56 tabs.

Fridley, D.

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Country Location AFGHANISTAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Jan 31-Dec $153 AUSTRALIA CAIRNS 1-Jan 31-Dec $147 AUSTRALIA CANBERRA 1-Jan 31-Dec $153 AUSTRALIA AUSTRALIA ADELAIDE 1-Jan 31-Dec $178 APPENDIX C1 Foreign Per Diem Rates - Effective October 1, 2012 C1 - 1 Foreign Per Diem Rates - Effective October 1, 2012 AUSTRALIA BRISBANE 1-Jan 31-Dec $144 AUSTRALIA BROOME 1

32

Country Analysis Briefs  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

An ongoing compilation of country energy profiles. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) maintains Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries that are important to world energy markets, including members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major non-OPEC oil producers, major energy transit countries, major energy consumers, and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers.

2028-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Classified Visits Involving Foreign Nationals  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Order establishes a program to manage the Department-wide program to facilitate, document, and assure accountability when approving foreign national access to classified DOE programs and facilities. Cancels portions of Chapter VIII, of DOE O 470.1 that pertain to foreign nationals who visit DOE sitess and require access to classified information. Canceled by DOE O 470.4B.

2004-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

34

Regulation of Foreign Banks in Russia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this paper, the issues of foreign investment in Russian banking sector are addressed. The study aims to shed light on foreign banks challenges in… (more)

Trofimov, Kirill

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Developing country FDI and development: the case of the Chinese  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's early investment in the Sudan by the Chinese National Oil Corporation (CNPC) and the consequent cascade * This paper examines the development implications of Chinese investment in the Sudan to enable a better understanding of the impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) from developing countries. By examining China

Sheldon, Nathan D.

36

Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To provide interim Department of Energy (DOE) requirements and responsibilities for unclassified visits and assignment by foreign nationals to DOE facilities for unclassified activities. This Notice supplements DOE P 142.1 dated 7-14-99, which sets overall Departmental policy on unclassified foreign visits and assignments. It is a complement to existing counterintelligence and security orders and policies. DOE N 251.53, dated 05/14/03, extends this directive until canceled. Cancels: DOE 1240.2B

1999-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

37

Foreign criteria and programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The concept of measurement quality assurance (MQA) as embodied in National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) programs is not generally used within European programs for testing or accreditation. Although the essential elements of quality control and quality assurance are in the European programs, the concept of testing the capability of the laboratory itself, in terms of its performance for the designated measurements, may not be included. Rather, the European programs use the concept of periodic calibration of laboratory reference standards against the next highest level of standards. Thus, they embody the concept of measurement traceability to appropriate primary standards. Within Europe a series of calibration accreditation programs has been established in the various countries tied together through a multilateral agreement. The radiation measurement programs are based on the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 9000 series of standards. The purpose of this paper is to outline the overall operation of European Accreditation Programs in the radiation calibration and measurement areas. The operation of the radiation measurement programs of the National Measurement Accreditation Service (NAMAS) in the United Kingdom is described in detail along with other European programs. The manner in which these programs relate to individual dosimetry service programs is also described.

Swinth, K.L. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Thompson, I.M.G. [Thompson (I.M.G.), Glouchestershire (United Kingdom)

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

58 Foreign Policy FP MEMOURGENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

58 Foreign Policy THE FP MEMOURGENT: To restore its credibility, the IMF must represent all its, and exchange-rate policy, you must learn to represent the entire world, not just the U.S. and European of the imf vote, with just 13 percent of the population. China and India comprise 38 percent of the world

39

Foreign Fishery Developments Japanese Joint  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-215. In 1981,193 joint ventures with the par- ticipation of Japanese capital were operating in 47 nationsForeign Fishery Developments Japanese Joint Fishing Ventures Stabilize Activity Trawling Skipjack tuna harvest Whaling Other harvests Aquaculture Refrigeration operations Fish processing Average $1

40

Table 1.-Statlsllcal dala on Argentina's major fishery slacks, 1980. Foreign Fishery Developments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Table 1.-Statlsllcal dala on Argentina's major fishery slacks, 1980. Foreign Fishery Developments Argentina Revises Marine Resources Forecast squid one of the country's major fish- eries. INIDEP indicated- ly. Argentina signed a cooperative research agreement in 1980 with the Soviet Union to study

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "foreign countries extraction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The Best Foreign Policy Money Can Buy? An Investigation of Foreign Lobbying and U.S. Foreign Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is made by individuals who are amenable to persuasion, political influence, and who benefit from increased access to political capital. They are the targets of, and often the beneficiaries of, political lobbying. These are the same individuals amenable..., Michael Koch Erik Godwin Gina Reinhardt Head of Department, James Rogers December 2009 Major Subject: Political Science iii ABSTRACT The Best Foreign Policy Money Can Buy? An Investigation of Foreign Lobbying and U.S. Foreign Policy...

Freeman, Benjamin J.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

42

WA_1994_011_EATON_CORPORATION_Waiver_of_Domestic_and_Foreign...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1EATONCORPORATIONWaiverofDomesticandForeign.pdf WA1994011EATONCORPORATIONWaiverofDomesticandForeign.pdf WA1994011EATONCORPORATIONWaiverofDomesticandForeign...

43

Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The order defines a program for unclassified foreign national access to Department of Energy sites, information, and technologies. The page change streamlines the HQs Management Panel review process to include reviews by HSS, IN, and a representative of the cognizant under secretary for access requests involving foreign nationals. Cancels Secretarial Memorandum, Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments, dated 7-14-99; Memorandum from Francis S. Blake, Departmental Use of Foreign Access Central Tracking System, dated 11-05-01; Memorandum from Kyle E. McSlarrow, Interim Guidance for Implementation of the Department's Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments Program, dated 12-17-02; and Secretarial Memorandum, Policy Exclusion for Unclassified Foreign National's Access to Department of Energy Facilities in Urgent or Emergency Medical Situations, dated 4-10-01. Cancels: DOE P 142.1 and DOE N 142.1

2004-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

44

Management and Control of Foreign Intelligence  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The order provides for the management of and assign responsibilities for foreign intelligence activities of DOE. Cancels DOE 5670.1.

1992-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

45

Development of foreign direct investment in Finland.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??During 1990 to 2009, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI henceforth) in Finland has fluctuated greatly. This paper focused on analyzing the overall development and basic characteristics… (more)

Yanyan, Yan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

International cooperation and collaboration is an important element in the effective planning and implementation of many Department of Energy (DOE) programs. DOE and its international partners benefit from the exchange of information that results from a managed process of unclassified visits and assignments by foreign nationals. These visits and assignments must be conducted in a manner consistent with U.S. and DOE national security policies, requirements, and objectives including export control laws and regulations. Canceled by DOE O 142.3. Does not cancel other directives.

1999-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

47

Foreign Travel | The Ames Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibilityFieldMinds" |beamtheForForeign Travel The

48

Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel Volume,234 0% 0% #12;Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel;Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel Volume (liters

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

49

Pakistan: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report summarizes the energy and economic situation in Pakistan.

Gazdar, M.N.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Indonesia: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy have covered Australia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report covers Indonesia. 37 refs., 36 figs., 64 tabs.

Prawiraatmadja, W.; Yamaguchi, N.; Breazeale, K.; Basari, S.R.

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Country Profile -Germany What are my chances of getting a job?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Country Profile - Germany Job market What are my chances of getting a job? New graduates from the UK rarely secure work at a professional level in Germany, except teaching English as a foreign. How to improve your chances: you are more likely to secure graduate-level work in Germany if you first

Banaji,. Murad

52

Modeling foreign economic policy in strategic setting: the automotive industry of the U.S. and Japan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. For this study, I examined a specific case study in which the U.S. was in a dispute with a foreign country and how the U.S. dealt with the situation. This particular dispute spans a timeline of 15 years and involves the automotive industry of Japan and the U...

Au-Young, Marie Lily

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

53

Foreign Ownership, Control, or Influence Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish the policies, responsibilities, and authorities for implementing the Department of Energy (DOE) Foreign Ownership, Control, or Influence (FOCI) program, which is designed to obtain information that indicates whether DOE offerors/bidders or contractors/subcontractors are owned, controlled, or influenced by foreign individuals, governments, or organizations, and whether that foreign involvement may pose an undue risk to the common defense and security. This directive does not cancel another directive. Canceled by DOE O 470.1 of 9-28-1995.

1993-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

54

Techniques for Intravascular Foreign Body Retrieval  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As endovascular therapies increase in frequency, the incidence of lost or embolized foreign bodies is increasing. The presence of an intravascular foreign body (IFB) is well recognized to have the potential to cause serious complications. IFB can embolize and impact critical sites such as the heart, with subsequent significant morbidity or mortality. Intravascular foreign bodies most commonly result from embolized central line fragments, but they can originate from many sources, both iatrogenic and noniatrogenic. The percutaneous approach in removing an IFB is widely perceived as the best way to retrieve endovascular foreign bodies. This minimally invasive approach has a high success rate with a low associated morbidity, and it avoids the complications related to open surgical approaches. We examined the characteristics, causes, and incidence of endovascular embolizations and reviewed the various described techniques that have been used to facilitate subsequent explantation of such materials.

Woodhouse, Joe B.; Uberoi, Raman, E-mail: raman.uberoi@orh.nhs.uk [Oxford University Hospitals (United Kingdom)

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Foreign Fishery Developments The Polish Fishing Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. There is also a shortage of pro- cessing equipment such as ice factories and cold storage facilities.Foreign Fishery Developments The Polish Fishing Industry Polish fishennen caught about 700

56

Adaptive systems for foreign exchange trading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Cambridge, and Dr Mark Austin and Dr Stacy Williams, both of HSBC Global Markets, outline the results- niques in foreign exchange markets for a number of years. Over 18 months a joint project with HSBC Global

Fernandez, Thomas

57

New Zealand Asia-Pacific energy series country report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report on New Zealand is one of a series of country studies intended to provide a continuous, long-term source of energy sector analysis for the Asia-Pacific region. This report addresses significant changes occurring due to the reform, deregulation, and privatization of the economy in general and the energy sector in particular; provides the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation; petroleum and gas issues are highlighted, particularly the implications of foreign trade in oil and gas; provides the latest available statistics and insights to energy policy that are not generally available elsewhere.

Yamaguchi, N.D.; Keevill, H.D.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

India: Asia-Pacific energy series country report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs of the East-West Center series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies provide an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. To the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics. Staff members have traveled extensively in-and at times have lived in-the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. Over the next few years these country studies can be updated and will provide a continuous, long-term source of energy sector analysis for the Asia-Pacific region. This India Asia-Pacific Energy Series Country Report is the follow-on to a study by Victor Lobo, Energy in India: The Oil Sector, which was published by the East-West Center in December 1989. The study focused on the petroleum industry, particularly refining, infrastructure, marketing and distribution, specifications of products, demand structure and pricing. This current study, must be seen as a supplement to our 1989 study and, as such, does not cover the petroleum sector in depth.

Gazdar, M.N.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Directory of financing sources for foreign energy projects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Office of National Security Policy has produced this Directory of Financing Sources for Foreign Energy Projects. The Directory reviews programs that offer financing from US government agencies, multilateral organizations, public, private, and quasi-private investment funds, and local commercial and state development banks. The main US government agencies covered are the US Agency for International Development (USAID), the Export-Import Bank of the US (EXIM Bank), Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), US Department of Energy, US Department of Defense, and the US Trade and Development Agency (TDA). Other US Government Sources includes market funds that have been in part capitalized using US government agency funds. Multilateral organizations include the World Bank, International Finance Corporation (IFC), Asian Development Bank (ADB), European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), and various organizations of the United Nations. The Directory lists available public, private, and quasi-private sources of financing in key emerging markets in the Newly Independent States and other developing countries of strategic interest to the US Department of Energy. The sources of financing listed in this directory should be considered indicative rather than inclusive of all potential sources of financing. Initial focus is on the Russian Federation, Ukraine, india, China, and Pakistan. Separate self-contained sections have been developed for each of the countries to enable the user to readily access market-specific information and to support country-specific Departmental initiatives. For each country, the directory is organized to follow the project life cycle--from prefeasibility, feasibility, project finance, cofinancing, and trade finance, through to technical assistance and training. Programs on investment and export insurance are excluded.

La Ferla, L. [La Ferla Associates, Washington, DC (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Country profile: Hungary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Country Profile: Hungary has been prepared as a background document for use by US Government agencies and US businesses interested in becoming involved with the new democracies of Eastern Europe as they pursue sustainable economic development. The focus of the Profile is on energy and highlights information on Hungary's energy supply, demand, and utilization. It identifies patterns of energy usage in the important economic sectors, especially industry, and provides a preliminary assessment for opportunities to improve efficiencies in energy production, distribution and use by introducing more efficient technologies. The use of more efficient technologies would have the added benefit of reducing the environmental impact which, although is not the focus of the report, is an issue that effects energy choices. The Profile also presents considerable economic information, primarily in the context of how economic restructuring may affect energy supply, demand, and the introduction of more efficient technologies.

Not Available

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "foreign countries extraction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Country profile: Hungary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Country Profile: Hungary has been prepared as a background document for use by US Government agencies and US businesses interested in becoming involved with the new democracies of Eastern Europe as they pursue sustainable economic development. The focus of the Profile is on energy and highlights information on Hungary`s energy supply, demand, and utilization. It identifies patterns of energy usage in the important economic sectors, especially industry, and provides a preliminary assessment for opportunities to improve efficiencies in energy production, distribution and use by introducing more efficient technologies. The use of more efficient technologies would have the added benefit of reducing the environmental impact which, although is not the focus of the report, is an issue that effects energy choices. The Profile also presents considerable economic information, primarily in the context of how economic restructuring may affect energy supply, demand, and the introduction of more efficient technologies.

Not Available

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Foreign offshore worker injuries in foreign waters: why a United States forum  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When foreigners are injured or killed in offshore oil operations in foreign jurisdictional waters, US laws do not always apply as they would if the plaintiffs are American or resident aliens. The courts must first consider whether the Jones Act, Death on the High Seas Act, general maritime law, or a combination of laws applies and whether the court should assume jurisdiction or use the doctrine of forum non conveniens. Cases involving foreign offshore workers are used to illustrate the factors involved in each application and to consider the foreign-policy implication when foreign nationals assume that American laws and morality accompany multinational business. Congress has yet to resolve the issues, although a bill was proposed in 1980. 75 references. (DCK)

Sutterfield, J.R.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

WA_00_018_PRAXAIR_Waive_of_Domestic_and_Foreign_Invention_Ri...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

18PRAXAIRWaiveofDomesticandForeignInventionRi.pdf WA00018PRAXAIRWaiveofDomesticandForeignInventionRi.pdf WA00018PRAXAIRWaiveofDomesticandForeignInvention...

64

WA_03_024_PRAXAIR_Waiver_of_Domestic_and_Foreign_Invention_R...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

24PRAXAIRWaiverofDomesticandForeignInventionR.pdf WA03024PRAXAIRWaiverofDomesticandForeignInventionR.pdf WA03024PRAXAIRWaiverofDomesticandForeignInventio...

65

WA_01_039_PRAXAIR_INC_Waiver_of_Domestic_and_Foreign_Patent_...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1039PRAXAIRINCWaiverofDomesticandForeignPatent.pdf WA01039PRAXAIRINCWaiverofDomesticandForeignPatent.pdf WA01039PRAXAIRINCWaiverofDomesticandForeignP...

66

WA_02_055_PRAXAIR_Waiver_of_Domestic_and_Foreign_Patent_Righ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2055PRAXAIRWaiverofDomesticandForeignPatentRigh.pdf WA02055PRAXAIRWaiverofDomesticandForeignPatentRigh.pdf WA02055PRAXAIRWaiverofDomesticandForeignPaten...

67

WA_00_001_PRAXAIR_INC_Waiver_of_Domestic_and_Foreign_Inventi...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

01PRAXAIRINCWaiverofDomesticandForeignInventi.pdf WA00001PRAXAIRINCWaiverofDomesticandForeignInventi.pdf WA00001PRAXAIRINCWaiverofDomesticandForeignInve...

68

WC_1990_003__CLASS_WAIVER_of_the_Government_US_and_Foreign_P...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

03CLASSWAIVERoftheGovernmentUSandForeignP.pdf WC1990003CLASSWAIVERoftheGovernmentUSandForeignP.pdf WC1990003CLASSWAIVERoftheGovernmentUSandForeign...

69

WC_1990_014_CLASS_ADVANCE_WAIVER_of_US_and_Foreign_Rights_fo...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4CLASSADVANCEWAIVERofUSandForeignRightsfo.pdf WC1990014CLASSADVANCEWAIVERofUSandForeignRightsfo.pdf WC1990014CLASSADVANCEWAIVERofUSandForeignRightsfo...

70

WC_1990_015_CLASS_WAIVER_OF_Domestic_and_Foreign_Patent_Righ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

0015CLASSWAIVEROFDomesticandForeignPatentRigh.pdf WC1990015CLASSWAIVEROFDomesticandForeignPatentRigh.pdf WC1990015CLASSWAIVEROFDomesticandForeignPatent...

71

WC_1990_008_CLASS_WAIVER_for_the_Governments_US_and_Foreign_...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

8CLASSWAIVERfortheGovernmentsUSandForeign.pdf WC1990008CLASSWAIVERfortheGovernmentsUSandForeign.pdf WC1990008CLASSWAIVERfortheGovernmentsUSandForeign...

72

Fluid extraction  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of extracting metalloid and metal species from a solid or liquid material by exposing the material to a supercritical fluid solvent containing a chelating agent is described. The chelating agent forms chelates that are soluble in the supercritical fluid to allow removal of the species from the material. In preferred embodiments, the extraction solvent is supercritical carbon dioxide and the chelating agent is a fluorinated .beta.-diketone. In especially preferred embodiments the extraction solvent is supercritical carbon dioxide, and the chelating agent comprises a fluorinated .beta.-diketone and a trialkyl phosphate, or a fluorinated .beta.-diketone and a trialkylphosphine oxide. Although a trialkyl phosphate can extract lanthanides and actinides from acidic solutions, a binary mixture comprising a fluorinated .beta.-diketone and a trialkyl phosphate or a trialkylphosphine oxide tends to enhance the extraction efficiencies for actinides and lanthanides. The method provides an environmentally benign process for removing contaminants from industrial waste without using acids or biologically harmful solvents. The method is particularly useful for extracting actinides and lanthanides from acidic solutions. The chelate and supercritical fluid can be regenerated, and the contaminant species recovered, to provide an economic, efficient process.

Wai, Chien M. (Moscow, ID); Laintz, Kenneth E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Import demand for Brazilian ethanol: a cross-country analysis Barbara Farinelli, Colin A Carter, C.-Y. Cynthia Lin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Import demand for Brazilian ethanol: a cross-country analysis Barbara Farinelli, Colin A Carter ethanol by its six major foreign buyers. The primary objectives of this study were to identify the economic factors affecting the demand for ethanol imports and to derive long-run price and income

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

74

Credibility and flexibility : political institutions and foreign direct investment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Desai, Mihir, Fritz Foley, and James Hines. 2004, ForeignDesai, Mihir, Fritz Foley, and James Hines. 2005. ForeignDesai, Mihir, Fritz Foley, and James Hines. 2006. Capital

Zheng, Yu

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Impact of oil revenues on foreign policy: a comparative analysis of Iran and Kuwait, 1974-1978  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study compares the pattern of investment and expenditure of oil revenues to discern the existence of common and divergent elements in the policies of these Persian Gulf members of OPEC: one small Arab country, and one large non-Arab country with basic human and technical infrastructure. The study specifically surveys the utilization of oil revenues for the purchase of arms and technology, and for foreign aid programs. Externally, the economic upsurge during this period generated a new quasi-independent economic and political foreign policy. This quasi-independence is reflected, in part, by the ability to choose partners and allies without fearing financial reprisal from the major and super powers; by greater self reliance and greater freedom of action and the ability to impose their will; by their ability to exert integrative or disintegrative economic pressure on alliances and pursue conflict or cooperation with other nations; and finally by their potential ability to draw other states into regional conflicts and to influence the global balance of power. The study views oil as the overriding factor, among multiple operative factors in determinants of foreign policy in this strategically crucial region. Oil contributes not only as a substantial part of the gross national product, but also provides the bulk of the nation's export and foreign exchange revenues needed for import. As such, its influence dwarfs the importance of non-oil trade.

Kavoossi, M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Foreign Fishery Developments Australia Reports Growth in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

." Later studies have also shown both per capita fish and seafood consump- tion and fish prices-76, the last year of the survey. Apparent consumption per person rose another 6 percent in 1976-77 and trendsForeign Fishery Developments Australia Reports Growth in Fish Consumption and Prices Australians

77

Foreign Fishery Developments United States-Spain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Foreign Fishery Developments United States-Spain Fisheries Trade, 1980-85 Introduction The U though Spain was forced to become a net importer of fishery products in 1977. due to the extension of 200-mile Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) by coastal coun tries. U.S. exports of edible seafoods to Spain

78

Foreign National Access to DOE Cyber Systems  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

DOE N 205.16, dated 9-15-05, extends this Notice until 9-30-06, unless sooner rescinded. To ensure foreign national access to DOE cyber systems continues to advance DOE program objectives while enforcing information access restrictions.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

WA_99_015_FORD_MOTOR_COMPANY_Waiver_of_Domestic_and_Foreign_...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

COMPANYWaiverofDomesticandForeign.pdf More Documents & Publications WA97038FORDMOTORCOMPANYWaiverofDomesticandForeign.pdf WA98008GENERALELECTRICCOMPANYWaive...

80

WA_1993_003_EATON_CORPORATION_Waiver_of_Domestic_and_Foreign...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3003EATONCORPORATIONWaiverofDomesticandForeign.pdf WA1993003EATONCORPORATIONWaiverofDomesticandForeign.pdf WA1993003EATONCORPORATIONWaiverofDomesticandFor...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "foreign countries extraction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

WA_-01_001_PHILLIPS_PETROLEUM_Waiver_of_Domestic_and_Foreign...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

-01001PHILLIPSPETROLEUMWaiverofDomesticandForeign.pdf WA-01001PHILLIPSPETROLEUMWaiverofDomesticandForeign.pdf WA-01001PHILLIPSPETROLEUMWaiverofDomesticand...

82

Coal extraction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coal is extracted using a mixed solvent which includes a substantially aromatic component and a substantially naphthenic component, at a temperature of 400/sup 0/ to 500/sup 0/C. Although neither component is an especially good solvent for coal by itself, the use of mixed solvent gives greater flexibility to the process and offers efficiency gains.

Clarke, J.W.; Kimber, G.M.; Rantell, T.D.; Snape, C.E.

1985-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

83

The chemical industry, by country  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of its ACHEMA coverage, Hydrocarbon Processing contacted executives of petrochemical/chemical industry trade associations in 11 countries, seeking views of on the state of the industry. These reports thus provide an added dimension to feature articles in this issue that focus on petrochemical/chemical-product supply/demand trends, economic forecasts, etc. The nations represented here were chosen for commentary because collectively they contain most of the world's petrochemical capacity. Space limitations prohibit the publishing of commentaries from all countries that have petrochemical/chemical capacity. The countries are: Belgium, China, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, The Netherlands, United Kingdom, and the United States.

Not Available

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Hospital valuation in emerging countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Private health players in emerging countries have increased their presence and contributed to global health issues, but have been undervalued in financing. A variety of health players have evolved and hospitals have played ...

Segawa, Tsuyoshi, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Drunk On Oil: Russian Foreign Policy 2000-2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2006. Energy Information Administration. “All Countries Spot3. U.S. Energy Information Administration, Country Analysisversion). U.S. Energy Information Administration, Country

Brugato, Thomas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

The chemical industry, by country  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Beijing will be the site for the third ACHEMASIA, international petrochemical and chemical exhibition and conference, May 15--20, 1995. In preparation for this conference, Hydrocarbon Processing contacted executives of petrochemical/chemical industries and trade associations, seeking views on the state of the industry. The Asia-Pacific region is the center of new construction and expanded capacity and also a mixture of mature, developing and emerging petrochemical industries. Established countries must mold and grow with emerging economies as the newcomers access natural resources and develop their own petrochemical infrastructures. The following nation reports focus on product supply/demand trends, economic forecasts, new construction, etc. Space limitations prohibit publishing commentaries from all countries that have petrochemical/chemical capacity. Reports are published from the following countries: Australia, China, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam.

Not Available

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Fayette Country, Pennsylvania, Housing Market Analysis | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fayette Country, Pennsylvania, Housing Market Analysis Fayette Country, Pennsylvania, Housing Market Analysis This is a document from the Fayette County Housing Consortium posted...

88

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

At the fifth annual Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Conference, tribal leaders and professionals will discuss the significant opportunities for energy development in Indian Country, as...

89

Foreign experience on effects of extended dry storage on the integrity of spent nuclear fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results of a survey of foreign experience in dry storage of spent fuel from nuclear power reactors that was carried out for the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM). The report reviews the mechanisms for degradation of spent fuel cladding and fuel materials in dry storage, identifies the status and plans of world-wide experience and applications, and documents the available information on the expected long-term integrity of the dry-stored spent fuel from actual foreign experience. Countries covered in this survey are: Argentina, Canada, Federal Republic of Germany (before reunification with the former East Germany), former German Democratic Republic (former East Germany), France, India, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Spain, Switzerland, United Kingdom, and the former USSR (most of these former Republics are now in the Commonwealth of Independent States [CIS]). Industrial dry storage of Magnox fuels started in 1972 in the United Kingdom; Canada began industrial dry storage of CANDU fuels in 1980. The technology for safe storage is generally considered to be developed for time periods of 30 to 100 years for LWR fuel in inert gas and for some fuels in oxidizing gases at low temperatures. Because it will probably be decades before countries will have a repository for spent fuels and high-level wastes, the plans for expanded use of dry storage have increased significantly in recent years and are expected to continue to increase in the near future.

Schneider, K.J.; Mitchell, S.J.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Foreign experience on effects of extended dry storage on the integrity of spent nuclear fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results of a survey of foreign experience in dry storage of spent fuel from nuclear power reactors that was carried out for the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM). The report reviews the mechanisms for degradation of spent fuel cladding and fuel materials in dry storage, identifies the status and plans of world-wide experience and applications, and documents the available information on the expected long-term integrity of the dry-stored spent fuel from actual foreign experience. Countries covered in this survey are: Argentina, Canada, Federal Republic of Germany (before reunification with the former East Germany), former German Democratic Republic (former East Germany), France, India, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Spain, Switzerland, United Kingdom, and the former USSR (most of these former Republics are now in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)). Industrial dry storage of Magnox fuels started in 1972 in the United Kingdom; Canada began industrial dry storage of CANDU fuels in 1980. The technology for safe storage is generally considered to be developed for time periods of 30 to 100 years for LWR fuel in inert gas and for some fuels in oxidizing gases at low temperatures. Because it will probably be decades before countries will have a repository for spent fuels and high-level wastes, the plans for expanded use of dry storage have increased significantly in recent years and are expected to continue to increase in the near future.

Schneider, K.J.; Mitchell, S.J.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

New Zealand: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The New Zealand energy sector has undergone significant changes in the past few years. Reform and deregulation came to New Zealand in large doses and at a rapid pace. Unlike Japan where deregulation was designed for a five-year phase-in period or even Australia where the government was fully geared up to handle deregulation, deregulation occurred in New Zealand almost with no phase-in period and very little planning. Under fast-paced Rogernomics,'' the energy sector was but one more element of the economy to be deregulated and/or privatized. While the New Zealand energy sector deregulation is generally believed to have been successful, there are still outstanding questions as to whether the original intent has been fully achieved. The fact that a competent energy bureaucracy was mostly lost in the process makes it even more difficult to find those with long enough institutional memories to untangle the agreements and understandings between the government and the private sector over the previous decade. As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs at the East-West Center has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various counties. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics.

Yamaguchi, N.D.; Keevill, H.D.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

An Analysis of Toponymic Homonyms in Gazetteers: Country-Level Duplicate Names in the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency’s Geographic Names Data Base  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

coverage.[2] Typically, when Americans speak of a place in a foreign country, they use the name followed by the country, with no additional hierarchy or feature type information. We say Stockholm, Sweden; not Stockholm, Stockholms L?n, Sweden... of higher values running from the northwest to the southeast across Eurasia, Africa, and the Americas. Eurasia has Russia, China, Iran, Indonesia, and Afghanistan [5] in the top five, with Germany, France, Poland, Belgium, and Sweden, North Korea, Taiwan...

Caldwell, Douglas R.

2008-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

93

Country Scotland Type Single malt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Country Scotland Type Single malt Distillery Aberfeldy Region Highlands Age 12 years ABV 40% Cask, the perfume characteristics become more spicy, with a bitter hint of Seville oranges in a decidedly dry finish. Drying citrus/oak with a gentle spiciness, held in a warm embrace of cigar smoke, and a little vanilla

Izzard, Rob

94

Country Scotland Type Single malt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Country Scotland Type Single malt Distillery Jura Region Island Name Prophecy ABV 46 Cask French airport Notes Limited annual release: 10,000 bottles only. Nose Some peat, aniseed, oily, dry, pungent, dried hay, and anise round things out. Palate Smoky and dry, a muscular, powerful Jura with notes

Izzard, Rob

95

Country Energy Profile, South Africa  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This country energy profile provides energy and economic information about South Africa. Areas covered include: Economics, demographics, and environment; Energy situation; Energy structure; Energy investment opportunities; Department of Energy (DOE) programs in South Africa; and a listing of International aid to South Africa.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

THREE ESSAYS ON FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT AND BILATERAL INVESTMENT TREATIES.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In the past several decades, a significant, worldwide expansion in bilateral investment treaties (BITs) occurred and aimed to improve protection for foreign investors’ rights and… (more)

Vashchilko, Tatiana

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Foreign direct investment in U.S. farmland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

illustrates foreign Î979. fbe t amount of land was purchasedwithin the United * 3 S story, fbe rapid growth in the

Rausser, Gordon C.; Schmitz, Andrew

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Security of Foreign Intelligence Information and Sensitive Compartmented Information Facilities  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The order establishes responsibilities and authorities for protecting Foreign Intelligence Information (FII) and Sensitive Compartmented Information Facilities (SCIFs) within DOE. Cancels DOE 5639.8.

1993-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

99

Foreign National Visit/Assignment Questionnaire  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecordFederal7.pdfFlash_2010_-24.pdfOverview FlowControlIndian1and Gas Foreign

100

Council on Foreign Relations | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power Systems EngineeringDepartmentSmart GridThird Quarterinto PARS |Council onCouncil on Foreign

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "foreign countries extraction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Foreign Workshops | Y-12 National Security Complex  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibilityFieldMinds" |beamtheForForeign Travel

102

New-Hire Process for Foreign Nationals  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest Regionat Cornell Batteries &NSTCurrentTransportationthin filmsForeign

103

Foreign Users | Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickr Flickr Editor's note: Since theNational SupplementalFor5/2013Foreign

104

Foreign affairs, vote choice, and the post Cold War era  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this by believing that foreign policy issues do not matter to voters. They find, using NES and Gallup data from 1980 and 1984, that foreign policy does matter to voters. One possible problem exists in the validity of these results. They may be time bound by the end...

Flaim, Clayton Thomas

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Profiles of foreign direct investment in US energy, 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report reviews the patterns of foreign ownership interest in US energy enterprises, exclusive of portfolio investment (<10% ownership of a US enterprise). It profiles the involvement of foreign-affiliated US companies in the following areas: domestic petroleum production (including natural gas), reserve holdings, refining and marketing activities, coal production, and uranium exploration and development.

Not Available

1994-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

106

Effects of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the Indian Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Effects of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the Indian Economy Sourangsu Banerji Visiting study the effects of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) with respect to India and its economy. We try interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

107

Apparatus for hydrocarbon extraction  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Systems and methods for hydrocarbon extraction from hydrocarbon-containing material. Such systems and methods relate to extracting hydrocarbon from hydrocarbon-containing material employing a non-aqueous extractant. Additionally, such systems and methods relate to recovering and reusing non-aqueous extractant employed for extracting hydrocarbon from hydrocarbon-containing material.

Bohnert, George W.; Verhulst, Galen G.

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

108

ForeignForeign DirectDirect InvestmentInvestment inin ArgentinaArgentina andand BrazilBrazil..  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

value chain. In Argentina this trend is even more pronounced. #12;Policy suggestions Although FDI mayForeignForeign DirectDirect InvestmentInvestment inin ArgentinaArgentina andand Brazil in MERCOSUR 1991-2004 (Argentina-Brazil) 2439 2555 2763 3490 5315 6522 8755 7291 23988 10418 2166 2149 1887

109

WA_04_074_EATON_CORPORATION_Waiver_of_Domestic_and_Foreign_I...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

74EATONCORPORATIONWaiverofDomesticandForeignI.pdf WA04074EATONCORPORATIONWaiverofDomesticandForeignI.pdf WA04074EATONCORPORATIONWaiverofDomesticandForeig...

110

WA_1993_022_NORTON_COMPANY_Waiver_of_Domestic_and_Foreign_Ri...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Golden Technologies Company, Inc. Request for An Advance Waiver of Domestic and Foreign Rights. January 10, 1995 WA1994011EATONCORPORATIONWaiverofDomesticandForeign...

111

Foreign Fishery Developments New Latin American  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be delivered. Libya has announced the formation of several joint fishery ventures with Af- rican countries/58.) Taiwan and Libya have both recently forn1ed joint venture fishing companies in Latin America. Taiwan Trawling Venture Libya and Guyana have agreed to set up a $5 million joint fishing company in which Guyana

112

Countries Gasoline Prices Including Taxes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:shortOilCompanyexcluding taxes)Countries (U.S.

113

International technology catalogue: Foreign technologies to support the environmental restoration and waste management needs of the DOE complex  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document represents a summary of 27 foreign-based environmental restoration and waste management technologies that have been screened and technically evaluated for application to the cleanup problems of the Department of Energy (DOE) nuclear weapons complex. The evaluation of these technologies was initiated in 1992 and completed in 1995 under the DOE`s International Technology Coordination Program of the Office of Technology Development. A methodology was developed for conducting a country-by-country survey of several regions of the world where specific environmental technology capabilities and market potential were investigated. The countries that were selected from a rank-ordering process for the survey included: then West Germany, the Netherlands, France, Japan, Taiwan, the Czech and Slovak Republics, and the Former Soviet Union. The notably innovative foreign technologies included in this document were screened initially from a list of several hundred, and then evaluated based on criteria that examined for level of maturity, suitability to the DOE needs, and for potential cost effective application at a DOE site. Each of the selected foreign technologies that were evaluated in this effort for DOE application were subsequently matched with site-specific environmental problem units across the DOE complex using the Technology Needs Assessment CROSSWALK Report. For ease of tracking these technologies to site problem units, and to facilitate their input into the DOE EnviroTRADE Information System, they were categorized into the following three areas: (1) characterization, monitoring and sensors, (2) waste treatment and separations, and (3) waste containment. Technical data profiles regarding these technologies include title and description, performance information, development status, key regulatory considerations, intellectual property rights, institute and contact personnel, and references.

Matalucci, R.V. [ed.] [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). International Programs Dept.; Jimenez, R.D.; Esparza-Baca, C. [ed.] [Applied Sciences Lab., Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

The Kyoto Protocol and developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Under the Kyoto Protocol, the world's wealthier countries assumed binding commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The agreement requires these countries to consider ways to minimize adverse effects on developing ...

Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Reilly, John M.; Jacoby, Henry D.

115

Russia's Foreign Policy Toward Iran: A Critical Geopolitics Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

document contains the author’s accepted manuscript. For the publisher’s version, see the link in the header of this document.] Russia’s Foreign Policy Toward Iran: A Critical Geopolitics Perspective Mariya Y. Omelicheva Paper citation: Omelicheva..., Mariya Y. Russia’s Foreign Policy Toward Iran: A Critical Geopolitics Perspective, forthcoming in Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies, 14(3): 331-344, 2012. Abstract: Russia’s foreign policy stance on nuclear Iran has been a subject of debate...

Omelicheva, Mariya Y.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Radioactive waste management approaches for developed countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nuclear power has demonstrated over the last 30 years its capacity to produce base-load electricity at a low, predictable and stable cost due to the very low economic dependence on the price of uranium. However the management of used nuclear fuel remains the “Achilles’ Heel” of this energy source since the storage of used nuclear fuel is increasing as evidenced by the following number with 2,000 tons of UNF produced each year by the 104 US nuclear reactor units which equates to a total of 62,000 spent fuel assemblies stored in dry cask and 88,000 stored in pools. Two options adopted by several countries will be presented. The first one adopted by Europe, Japan and Russia consists of recycling the used nuclear fuel after irradiation in a nuclear reactor. Ninety six percent of uranium and plutonium contained in the spent fuel could be reused to produce electricity and are worth recycling. The separation of uranium and plutonium from the wastes is realized through the industrial PUREX process so that they can be recycled for re-use in a nuclear reactor as a mixed oxide (MOX) fuel. The second option undertaken by Finland, Sweden and the United States implies the direct disposal of used nuclear fuel into a geologic formation. One has to remind that only 30% of the worldwide used nuclear fuel are currently recycled, the larger part being stored (70% in pool) waiting for scientific or political decisions. A third option is emerging with a closed fuel cycle which will improve the global sustainability of nuclear energy. This option will not only decrease the volume amount of nuclear waste but also the long-term radiotoxicity of the final waste, as well as improving the long-term safety and the heat-loading of the final repository. At the present time, numerous countries are focusing on the R&D recycling activities of the ultimate waste composed of fission products and minor actinides (americium and curium). Several new chemical extraction processes, such as TRUSPEAK, ALSEP, EXAM, or LUCA are pursued worldwide and their approaches will be highlighted.

Patricia Paviet-Hartmann; Anthony Hechanova; Catherine Riddle

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Essays on Foreign Investment, Agglomeration Economies, and Industrial Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dias Alejandro Carlos. (1997) Tariffs, Foreign Capital andThe unit for the tariff variable is percentage. Table 1.2.1Spillover Variables with Tariff controls: with vs. without

Du, Luosha

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Drunk On Oil: Russian Foreign Policy 2000-2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10% of the world’s known oil reserves. 13 Russia holds the141 No new major oil reserves have been found since 2000,aggregation oil prices and foreign reserves have about the

Brugato, Thomas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

associatedwith foreign object: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

... Horst, Adam Marshall, 1978- 2004-01-01 389 17.40 American Foreign Policy: Past, Present, and Future, Fall 2004 MIT - DSpace Summary: The mission for this course is to...

120

Part 810-ASSISTANCE TO FOREIGN ATOMIC ENERGY ACTIVITIES Sec.  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Final Rule (effective March 25, 2015) Comments Part 810-ASSISTANCE TO FOREIGN ATOMIC ENERGY ACTIVITIES Sec. 810.1 Purpose. 810.2 Scope. 810.3 Definitions. 810.4 Communications....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "foreign countries extraction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Effective foreign investment in China : utilizing Taiwanese resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is no doubt that China is expanding its market potential because of its high economic growth and its entry into the World Trade Organizations. This Chinese expansion owes a great deal to foreign direct investment from ...

Takeuchi, Isao, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

When governments break contracts : foreign firms in emerging economies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emerging economy governments commit to protect the property rights of foreign firms through a variety of contracts, from treaties to direct agreements. In an era of liberalized capital flows, these contracts are thought ...

Wellhausen, Rachel L. (Rachel Louise)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Causal Modeling with Applications to the Foreign Exchange Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A combination of time series models and causal search algorithms is applied to the foreign exchange markets to find causal linkages between the six most widely traded currencies (Australian dollar, Canadian dollar, euro, Great Britain pound sterling...

Deaton, Brian D.

2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

124

Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The order establishes the requirements and responsibilities for DOE in meeting its statutory obligations for the review of covered transactions filed with the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS). Admin Chg 1, dated 4-21-14.

2010-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

125

Foreign trade zones and bonded warehouses for luxury goods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore and compare the benefits of establishing and operating Foreign Trade Zones (FTZs) and Bonded Warehouses (BWs) for luxury goods in North America, using the case of the distribution network of Ralph Lauren Corporation ...

Petrova, Nadya (Nadya Naydenova)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

APPLICATION FOR THE RECOGNITION / VALIDATION OF FOREIGN CERTIFICATES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eingang APPLICATION FOR THE RECOGNITION / VALIDATION OF FOREIGN CERTIFICATES for the purpose as in passport) Surname Forename(s) GRADUATE SCHOOLOF EXCELLENCE Date of birth Gender Nationality All certificates concerning studies at an instituion of higher education (university) must

Kaus, Boris

127

Drunk On Oil: Russian Foreign Policy 2000-2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R. and Peter Rutland. "Putin and Russian Foreign Policy."Putin's Russia: Past Imperfect, Future Uncertain. Ed. DaleInc. , 2005. 259-292. “Vladimir Putin and Military Reform in

Brugato, Thomas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Optimal capital structure of deep sea foreign freight transportation companies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis aims to understand the optimal leverage range for shipping companies (maritime foreign freight transportation companies - SIC 4412), through data analysis. This study confirms that in a traditional industry ...

Georgiadis, Vasilis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Opportunities and obstacles for foreign investors in Turkish real estate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper examines the Turkish real estate market from the viewpoint of foreign investors contemplating entering into that market. Since 2002, the government of Turkey has been implementing an aggressive economic reform ...

Halkali, Hasan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Econometric study of an oil-exporting country: the case of Iran  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main objective of this study is to contribute toward an analytical and empirical work on the oil-based developing economy of Iran. It focuses on the aggregate behavior of the Iranian economy through a simple linear econometric model. After a survey of the literature on the theoretical framework of macroeconomic models for the developing countries in general, and for the oil-exporting developing countries in particular, a linear econometric model for the Iranian economy if formulated and its logical and economic aspects are explained. The proposed model consists of basic consumption, production, foreign trade, and employment relationship. Results obtained from the estimation of the consumption functions seem to indicate that the aggregate Iranian consumption behavior can be best explained by Fiedman's Permanent Income Hypothesis. In general, the results of this study demonstrate that the links between different sectors of the Iranian economy are very weak and the import-substitution strategy of the government during the period of study failed to establish a genuine domestic industrial base and to reduce its dependence on foreign resources.

Heiat, A.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Payments to Nonresident Alien Contractors (Procedures) A Nonresident alien contractor is an individual of a foreign country that performs independent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Payments to Nonresident Alien Contractors (Procedures) A Nonresident alien contractor please contact Personnel and Payroll Services Nonresident Alien tax specialist with the attached form performed by all nonresident alien contractors. The University is also required to deduct a 30% withholding

Dyer, Bill

132

Capital flows to Latin American countries: effects of foreign direct investment and remittances on growth and development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

remittances shock..................... 119 Figure 5.15: Utility dynamics following a remittances shock................................ 122 Figure 5.16: Trade balance dynamics following a remittances shock.................... 124 Figure B.1: Evolution....... 74 Table 4.3 ? Effect of FDI on Employment Rate by the Level of Inflation (Yearly Inflation less than 50% and greater than 50%)...................... 76 Table 4.4 ? Effect of FDI on Employment Rate by Level of Informality...

Vacaflores Rivero, Diego Eduardo

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

133

“Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

&8220;Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries: The development of hydropower on a sustainable basis has been an array of humanitarian and economic development,...

134

Information extraction system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An information extraction system and methods of operating the system are provided. In particular, an information extraction system for performing meta-extraction of named entities of people, organizations, and locations as well as relationships and events from text documents are described herein.

Lemmond, Tracy D; Hanley, William G; Guensche, Joseph Wendell; Perry, Nathan C; Nitao, John J; Kidwell, Paul Brandon; Boakye, Kofi Agyeman; Glaser, Ron E; Prenger, Ryan James

2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

135

Design of a press for oil extraction from moringa seeds for Haiti  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The project here presented focuses on the development of a harvesting tool for Haiti, a developing country, for the extraction of oil from the seeds of the moringa trees. Moringas have an extraordinarily nutritional potential ...

Sabelli, Alessandra Maria, 1976-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Energy and Mineral Development in Indian Country  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation is hosting the Special Institute on Energy and Mineral Development in Indian Country. This two-day conference will cover laws, policies, and practices regarding natural resources development in Indian Country and how they've evolved in the recent years.

137

Colombia Country Assessment for Youth Development Accounts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Colombia Country Assessment for Youth Development Accounts By Rainier Masa Summary Colombia stands in Colombia, and managed to attract more savers than borrowers (CGAP, 1998; Wisniwski, 1999). It serves more, and Megabanco.5 Although microfinance has a strong presence in the country, Colombia remains the only important

Subramanian, Venkat

138

Clean development mechanism: Perspectives from developing countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper addresses the political acceptability and workability of CDM by and in developing countries. At COP-3 in Kyoto in 1997, the general position among developing countries changed from strong rejection of joint implementation to acceptance of CDM. The outgrowth of CDM from a proposal from Brazil to establish a Clean Development Fund gave developing countries a sense of ownership of the idea. More importantly, establishing support for sustainable development as a main goal for CDM overcame the resistance of many developing countries to accept a carbon trading mechanism. The official acceptance of CDM is not a guarantee of continued acceptance, however. Many developing countries expect CDM to facilitate a substantial transfer of technology and other resources to support economic growth. There is concern that Annex I countries may shift official development assistance into CDM in order to gain carbon credits, and that development priorities could suffer as a result. Some fear that private investments could be skewed toward projects that yield carbon credits. Developing country governments are wary regarding the strong role of the private sector envisioned for CDM. Increasing the awareness and capacity of the private sector in developing countries to initiate and implement CDM projects needs to be a high priority. While private sector partnerships will be the main vehicle for resource transfer in CDM, developing country governments want to play a strong role in overseeing and guiding the process so that it best serves their development goals. Most countries feel that establishment of criteria for sustainable development should be left to individual countries. A key issue is how CDM can best support the strengthening of local capacity to sustain and replicate projects that serve both climate change mitigation and sustainable development objectives.There is support among developing countries for commencing CDM as soon as possible. Since official commencement must await the entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol, many developing countries support the establishment of an Interim Phase starting in 2000, with possible retroactive crediting once the Protocol enters into force.

Sari, Agus P.; Meyers, Stephen

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Foreign Visits & Assignments Guidelines | The Ames Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibilityFieldMinds" |beamtheForForeign Travel TheForeign

140

American Foreign Policy: A Time for a Shift in Priorities and Instruments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the post 9/11 world of American Foreign Policy, where interdependence and globalization are variables that influence every aspect of world affairs, what should the priorities of the United States be and what instruments of foreign policy...

Issa, Patrick 1989-

2011-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "foreign countries extraction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Regional economic function analysis of U.S. foreign-trade zones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Foreign-Trade Zones (FTZs) are defined as designated areas in the United States where foreign merchandise is considered to be international commerce and not subject to U.S. customs duties unless or until it enters into the ...

Otsubo, Hirotoshi

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

17.40 American Foreign Policy: Past, Present, and Future, Fall 2002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Course mission: to explain and evaluate past and present United States foreign policies. What caused the United States' past involvement in foreign wars and interventions? Were the results of U.S. policies good or bad? ...

Van Evera, Stephen

143

WA_01_005__PRAXAIR_INC_Waiver_of_Domestic_and_Foreign_patent...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1005PRAXAIRINCWaiverofDomesticandForeignpatent.pdf WA01005PRAXAIRINCWaiverofDomesticandForeignpatent.pdf WA01005PRAXAIRINCWaiverofDomesticandForeign...

144

WA_02_021_H2GEN_INNOVATIONS_Waiver_of_Domestic_and_Foreign_P...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

WA02046QUESTAAIRTECHNOLOGIESWaiverofDomesticandFor.pdf WA02055PRAXAIRWaiverofDomesticandForeignPatentRigh.pdf WA04034NUVERAFUELCELLSINCWaiver...

145

WC_1997_003_CLASS_WAIVER_of_the_Governmens_ULS_and_Foreign.pdf...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

vernmensULSandForeign.pdf More Documents & Publications WC1997002CLASSWAIVERFORCRADAAgreementsBECHTELNEVADA.pdf WC1995007CLASSWAIVEREGGENERGYMEASUREMENTSINC.pd...

146

WC_1993_013_CLASS_WAIVER_of_the_Governments_US_and_Foreign_P...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

WC1990015CLASSWAIVEROFDomesticandForeignPatentRigh.pdf WC1993002CRADACLASSWAIVERSOUTHERNUNIVERSITYRESEARCH.pdf WC1990012CLASSWAIVERofPatentRigh...

147

E-Print Network 3.0 - aid increase foreign Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Armed Forces Customs ARTS... , MEDIA, ENTERTAINMENT FOREIGN LANGUAGE AREAS Advertising TranslationInterpretation Journalism... Broadcasting PublishingEditing...

148

Education and health care in developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis is a collection of three essays on education and health in developing countries. Chapter 1 shows that increasing perceived returns to education strengthens incentives for schooling when agents underestimate the ...

Nguyen, Trang V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Fission Product Extraction Process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new INL technology can simultaneously extract cesium and strontium for reuse. For more information about INL research, visit http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

None

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Coal extraction process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sub-divided coal is extracted under non-thermally destructive conditions with a solvent liquid containing a compound having the general formula:

Hammack, R. W.; Sears, J. T.; Stiller, A. H.

1981-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

151

Fission Product Extraction Process  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

A new INL technology can simultaneously extract cesium and strontium for reuse. For more information about INL research, visit http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

None

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

152

Enlightened self-interest : how the national economy, ideology, and anti-Americanism influence public opinion on foreign investment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Despite the benefits of economic globalization, popular opposition to foreign investment continues to influence policy debates. What explains opposition to foreign investment? Standard political economy theories suggest ...

Lawrence, Joyce (Joyce Marie)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

1988 saw major efforts to spur foreign interest  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article discusses how Africa's large producers are offering incentives to attract exploration. Egypt is pushing new gas development, while Nigeria announced reduced taxes to lure foreign operators. Gabon has rejuvenated its production with discovery of a large new oil field. Libya is offering liberal concession terms, though the status of U.S. firms is uncertain.

Bell, G.D. (Gustavson Associates, Inc., Boulder, CO (USA))

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The order establishes the requirements and responsibilities for DOE in meeting its statutory obligations for the review of covered transactions filed with the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS). Admin Chg 1, dated 4-21-2014, cancels DOE O 142.5.

2010-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

155

Foreign direct investment in the electricity sector: the Indian perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

So far, India is losing out in the competition against other emerging economies to attract more foreign direct investment to its electricity sector. This is in large part because the Indian approach towards power sector reforms is more haphazard than the more orderly and sensitive growth model of Singapore and Latin American economies. (author)

Sharma, A.K.; Vohra, Ekta

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

156

APPLICATION FOR THE RECOGNITION/ VALIDATION OF FOREIGN CERTIFICATES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eingang APPLICATION FOR THE RECOGNITION/ VALIDATION OF FOREIGN CERTIFICATES to study ____________________________________ Other Subject 2. PERSONAL DETAILS (exactly as in passport) Surname Forename(s) Date of birth Gender OF PREVIOUS EDUCATION All certificates must be presented with official accreditation and officially certified

Kaus, Boris

157

The Constitutional Origins of the President's Foreign Affairs Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The question of the executive’s authority over foreign affairs has been debated constantly over the life of the Constitution. Rather than try to discern the answer to this question from only the well-known Framers, this scholarly endeavor proposes...

Thoma, Oliver

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

158

Oil and economic development in OPEC countries, with case studies about Iraq and Algeria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This dissertation examines the impact of the increase in oil prices in 1973 and thereafter on economic development in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) in general, and in Iraq and Algeria in particular. It attempts to investigate the extent to which these countries have succeeded in utilizing oil revenues to achieve their projected goals: diversification of their economies in order to reduce dependence on exporting crude oil which is an exhaustible resource; and acceleration of the rate of growth of the non-oil sector in order to increase its contribution to GDP and foreign-exchange earnings as well as to maintain the growth of the economy in the post-oil age. While the increase in oil revenues greatly reduced the capital constraint to growth, it did not remove all other constraints at the same time. Thus, bottlenecks in transportation, institutions, skilled labor, raw and construction materials remained important obstacles. According to the criteria used by this study to judge the performance of the Iraqi and the Algerian economies after 1973, both countries did quite well. However, one of the findings about Iraq is that while the rate of growth of real per capita GDP accelerated after 1973, the rate of growth of real per capita non-oil GDP did not. Algeria succeeded in diversifying her economy, since the rate of growth of non-oil GDP accelerated after 1973, compared to the earlier period.

Al-Khalil, M.A.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Developed Countries' Imposed Standards on Trade of Agricultural Imports from Developing Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for cuts of meat, especially beef, is high and growing in developed countries around the world, and trade theory would predict a steady flow of exports from these countries to markets in the United States, the European Union, and elsewhere. Gaining... access to developed markets, however, is difficult and expensive, and for much of developing Africa has proved impossible to date. A primary barrier facing potential exporters is strict government policy in developed countries regarding food production...

Cabrera, Raul; Cochran, Matt; Dangelmayr, Lauren; D'Aguilar, Gavin; Lee, Jeongwoo; Speir, Ian; Weigand, Courtney

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

The Effectiveness and The Goals of Foreign Aid: An Empirical Examination of Sectoral Aid’s Influence on Mitigating Conflicts and Violence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. They funded my research and gave me valuable feedback on my earlier draft. Thanks also go to my friends and colleagues and the department faculty and staff for making my time at Texas A&M University a great experience. Finally, thanks to my mother.... The Marshall Plan, as well as the establishments of United Nations, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund played important roles for the expansion of aid doctrine. During the Cold War, foreign aid was used by the western countries and the Soviet...

Zhang, Yu

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "foreign countries extraction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

HEALTH IN FRAGILE STATES COUNTRY CASE STUDY: NORTHERN UGANDA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HEALTH IN FRAGILE STATES COUNTRY CASE STUDY: NORTHERN UGANDA JUNE 2006 This publication COUNTRY CASE STUDY: NORTHERN UGANDA The authors' views expressed in this publication do not necessarily States, Country Case Study: Northern Uganda. Arlington, Virginia, USA: Basic Support

Scharfstein, Daniel

162

United Nations geothermal activities in developing countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The United Nations implements technical cooperation projects in developing countries through its Department of Technical Cooperation for Development (DTCD). The DTCD is mandated to explore for and develop natural resources (water, minerals, and relevant infrastructure) and energy - both conventional and new and renewable energy sources. To date, the United Nations has been involved in over 30 geothermal exploration projects (completed or underway) in 20 developing countries: 8 in Africa (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar); 8 in Asia (China, India, Jordan, Philippines, Thailand); 9 in Latin America (Bolivia, Chile, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama) and 6 in Europe (Greece, Romania, Turkey, Yugoslavia). Today, the DTCD has seven UNDP geothermal projects in 6 developing countries. Four of these (Bolivia, China, Honduras, and Kenya) are major exploration projects whose formulation and execution has been possible thanks to the generous contributions under cost-sharing arrangements from the government of Italy. These four projects are summarized.

Beredjick, N.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Summary engineering description of underwater fuel storage facility for foreign research reactor spent nuclear fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is a summary description for an Underwater Fuel Storage Facility (UFSF) for foreign research reactor (FRR) spent nuclear fuel (SNF). A FRR SNF environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is being prepared and will include both wet and dry storage facilities as storage alternatives. For the UFSF presented in this document, a specific site is not chosen. This facility can be sited at any one of the five locations under consideration in the EIS. These locations are the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Savannah River Site, Hanford, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and Nevada Test Site. Generic facility environmental impacts and emissions are provided in this report. A baseline fuel element is defined in Section 2.2, and the results of a fission product analysis are presented. Requirements for a storage facility have been researched and are summarized in Section 3. Section 4 describes three facility options: (1) the Centralized-UFSF, which would store the entire fuel element quantity in a single facility at a single location, (2) the Regionalized Large-UFSF, which would store 75% of the fuel element quantity in some region of the country, and (3) the Regionalized Small-UFSF, which would store 25% of the fuel element quantity, with the possibility of a number of these facilities in various regions throughout the country. The operational philosophy is presented in Section 5, and Section 6 contains a description of the equipment. Section 7 defines the utilities required for the facility. Cost estimates are discussed in Section 8, and detailed cost estimates are included. Impacts to worker safety, public safety, and the environment are discussed in Section 9. Accidental releases are presented in Section 10. Standard Environmental Impact Forms are included in Section 11.

Dahlke, H.J.; Johnson, D.A.; Rawlins, J.K.; Searle, D.K.; Wachs, G.W.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Geothermal development opportunities in developing countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is the proceedings of the Seminar on geothermal development opportunities in developing countries, sponsored by the Geothermal Division of the US Department of Energy and presented by the National Geothermal Association. The overall objectives of the seminar are: (1) Provide sufficient information to the attendees to encourage their interest in undertaking more geothermal projects within selected developing countries, and (2) Demonstrate the technological leadership of US technology and the depth of US industry experience and capabilities to best perform on these projects.

Kenkeremath, D.C.

1989-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

165

asian developing countries: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Countries January 1991 Physics Websites Summary: Citation: U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, Energy in Developing Countries, OTA-E-486: Energy and Technology in...

166

Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Emissions...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Emissions of Over 300 Power Plants Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Emissions of Over 300...

167

acid fortified countries: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the world's wealthier countries assumed binding commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The agreement requires these countries to consider ways to minimize adverse...

168

Working in Indian Country: Building Successful Business Relationships...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Working in Indian Country: Building Successful Business Relationships with American Indian Tribes Workshop Working in Indian Country: Building Successful Business Relationships...

169

Extraction Utility Design Specification  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Extraction Utility Design Specification January 11, 2011 Document Version 1.9 1 Revision History Date Version Section and Titles Author Summary of Change January 15, 2010 1.0 All...

170

Liquid chromatographic extraction medium  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for extracting strontium and technetium values from biological, industrial and environmental sample solutions using a chromatographic column is described. An extractant medium for the column is prepared by generating a solution of a diluent containing a Crown ether and dispersing the solution on a resin substrate material. The sample solution is highly acidic and is introduced directed to the chromatographic column and strontium or technetium is eluted using deionized water.

Horwitz, E. Philip (Naperville, IL); Dietz, Mark L. (Evanston, IL)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Liquid chromatographic extraction medium  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus are disclosed for extracting strontium and technetium values from biological, industrial and environmental sample solutions using a chromatographic column. An extractant medium for the column is prepared by generating a solution of a diluent containing a Crown ether and dispersing the solution on a resin substrate material. The sample solution is highly acidic and is introduced directed to the chromatographic column and strontium or technetium is eluted using deionized water. 1 fig.

Horwitz, E.P.; Dietz, M.L.

1994-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

172

Policies for the 2011 Assessment of country  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This means huge investments, totalling 1.4% of global GDP per year by 2030, which will have to be madePolicies for the future 2011 Assessment of country energy and climate policies World Energy Council Project Partner OLIVER WYMAN #12;Officers of the World Energy Council Pierre Gadonneix Chair Abubakar

Kammen, Daniel M.

173

Mercury and the Gold Country Angler Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;#12;Mercury and the Gold Rush #12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;Gold Country Angler Survey A Pilot Study to Assess Mercury Exposure from Sport Fish Consumption in the Sierra Nevada Carrie Monohan, Ph.D. #12;Mercury and the Gold Rush Deer Creek 1908 Greenhorn Creek 2011 Mercury was used during

174

Payment list S.No Names Country  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Payment list S.No Names Country 1 A. Bueck Germany 2 A. Kronenburg Germany 3 Achintya Mukhopadhyay Chennai 4 Christoph Kirse Germany 5 Heiko Briesen Germany 6 Jitendra Kumar Germany 7 Mahesh V . Panchagnula Chennai 8 Marchisio, D. L. Italy 9 Markus Kraft UK 10 Martin. A. J. Hartig Germany 11 Menwer M

Srinivasan, N.

175

Solvent extraction studies of holmium with acidic extractants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Liquid-liquid extraction studies of holmium with 2-ethylhexyl phosphoric acid mono-2-ethylhexyl ester, naphthenic, and Versatic 10 acids have been carried out. The nature of the extracted species and the extraction equilibrium constants of these systems have been determined from aqueous nitrate solution. The extraction mechanism and complexation models have been proposed. 11 refs., 8 figs.

Gaikwad, A.G.; Damodaran, A.D. (CSIR, Trivandrum (India))

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Adirondack North Country Association | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende NewSowitecAWS Ocean EnergyAdirondack North Country

177

DESIGNATED COUNTRIES (10/07/2008) This list of "Designated Countries" is a compilation of countries with which the United States has no diplomatic relations,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X ** TH Thailand X TW Taiwan X TC United Arab Emirates X VE Venezuela X VM Vietnam X YM Yemen X X ZI with which the United States has no diplomatic relations, countries determined by Department of State to support terrorism, countries under Sanction or Embargo by the United States and countries of Missile

Waliser, Duane E.

178

Supercritical fluid extraction  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of extracting metalloid and metal species from a solid or liquid material by exposing the material to a supercritical fluid solvent containing a chelating agent. The chelating agent forms chelates that are soluble in the supercritical fluid to allow removal of the species from the material. In preferred embodiments, the extraction solvent is supercritical carbon dioxide and the chelating agent is a fluorinated or lipophilic crown ether or fluorinated dithiocarbamate. The method provides an environmentally benign process for removing contaminants from industrial waste without using acids or biologically harmful solvents. The chelate and supercritical fluid can be regenerated, and the contaminant species recovered, to provide an economic, efficient process.

Wai, Chien M. (Moscow, ID); Laintz, Kenneth (Pullman, WA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Communist China's foreign trade and its implication for Japan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

steel, machinery, chemicals, and medical equipment. Oesides sugar, Communist China also imports Cuban nickel, copper, manganese, chrome and cobalt, tobacco, beans, and cowhides. [15, p. 74]. Asian Communist Countries Communist Chinese trade with I... of the possibility of Communist China? Japanese trading expansion, based on an analysis of i) the past trade between these two countries, if) Communist Chinese export capacity, iii ) Japanese major import demands. Findings and conclusions are stated on the end...

Hsieh, Leh-An

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Inspection of the Secretary of Energy`s foreign travel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On December 9, 1995, the Secretary of Energy requested that the Department`s Inspector General (IG) conduct a thorough examination of all Secretarial foreign travel from 1993 to December 1995 to include the purpose of each trip, the activities of each Federal participant in each trip, the funding of each trip, and claims for reimbursements for expenses by Federal trip participants. The Secretary also requested that the review include an assessment of travel authorization, voucher, traveler reimbursement, and auditing systems employed by the Department to identify steps that could be taken to reduce errors and improve accounting oversight. Additionally, the Secretary requested that the Inspector General conduct a thorough examination of the establishment and filling of the Department`s Ombudsman position. The Office of Inspector General (OIG) initiated a review into these matters and assigned primary responsibility for the review to the Office of Inspections. The purpose of this inspection was to conduct a thorough examination of the 16 Secretarial foreign trips from June 1993 to December 1995. This report focuses on the four trade missions because of their extent and cost. We examined a number of Departmental management systems and processes involved in planning and executing the 16 foreign trips. To determine the actual cost of the 16 trips, it was necessary to determine who participated in the trips and to identify the individual travel costs. We were required to perform extensive reviews of records and conduct a large number of interviews because the Department could not provide any specific documents that could accurately account for who actually participated on the 16 trips. Having identified who participated, it was then necessary to examine key aspects of the Department`s management systems. Our report contains 31 recommendations for corrective action.

NONE

1996-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "foreign countries extraction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Diplomacy & deception : King James VI of Scotland's foreign relations with Europe (c.1584-1603) .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis is the first attempt to provide an assessment of Scottish-Jacobean foreign relations within a European context in the years before 1603. Moreover, it… (more)

Fry, Cynthia Ann

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

E-Print Network 3.0 - american foreign policy Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

foreign policy interests from a nonpartisan perspective within the framework... of political realism. American ... Source: Grant, James D.E. - Fakultt fr Mathematik,...

183

Property rights, negotiating power and foreign investment: An international and comparative law study on Africa.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Property rights are crucial in shaping foreign investment and its socio?economic outcomes. Their allocation, protection and regulation influence the way the risks, costs and benefits… (more)

Cotula, Lorenzo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

SAVANNAH RIVER SITE'S H-CANYON FACILITY: IMPACTS OF FOREIGN OBLIGATIONS ON SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIAL DISPOSITION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US has a non-proliferation policy to receive foreign and domestic research reactor returns of spent fuel materials of US origin. These spent fuel materials are returned to the Department of Energy (DOE) and placed in storage in the L-area spent fuel basin at the Savannah River Site (SRS). The foreign research reactor returns fall subject to the 123 agreements for peaceful cooperation. These “123 agreements” are named after section 123 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 and govern the conditions of nuclear cooperation with foreign partners. The SRS management of these foreign obligations while planning material disposition paths can be a challenge.

Magoulas, V.

2013-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

185

Inside the Castle Gates: How Foreign Corporations Nagivate Japan's Policymaking Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and shape firms‘ business models through formal licensingand price, and business models employed by foreign MNCswith their global business models now effective in Japan.

Kushida, Kenji Erik

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

WC_1991_003_CLASS_WAIVER_of_the_Government_US_and_Foreign_Pa...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

0003CLASSWAIVERoftheGovernmentUSandForeignP.pdf WC1997002CLASSWAIVERFORCRADAAgreementsBECHTELNEVADA.pdf WC1993006CLASSWAIVERoftheGovernmentsUsandForei...

187

The security and foreign policy of the Islamic republic of Iran: An offensive realism perspective.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This study argues that security and foreign policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran is mainly driven by the main principles of the Offensive Realism… (more)

Prifti, Bledar

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

The effect of trade liberalisation and foreign direct investment in Mexico.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis analyses how trade liberalisation and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) have impacted on Mexico’s economy. Time series econometric estimations techniques and estimations of a… (more)

Vasquez Galan, Belem Iliana

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

WC_1990_006_CLASS_WAIVER_of_the_Government_US_and_Foreign_Pa...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

rnmentUSandForeignPa.pdf More Documents & Publications WC1990012CLASSWAIVERofPatentRightsinInventionsMade.pdf WC1990008CLASSWAIVERfortheGovernmentsUSandFore...

190

NEUP Foreign Travel Request Form | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAXBalanced Scorecard Federal2 to:Diesel Engines|Foreign Travel Request Form NEUP

191

Table A: Countries grouped on the basis of their 2004 Human Development Index score. Countries of birth groups Countries of birth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Grenada, the Bahamas, Surinam, Dominique, Saint Lucie, New Zealand, East Samoa, Fiji, Mexico. Low HDI.socscimed.2012.01.002 #12;Table B: Relative risk of mortality for foreign-born populations relative to the locally-born population by specific causes of death and gender (years 2004-2007) Violent death Infectious

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

192

Clean Energy Producing and Exporting Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract KOUROS ATIGHETCHI BSc, MBA,PhD Student School of Business and Management , Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex UB8 3PH, UK atighetchi@gmail.com This paper presents a theoretical discussion of policy making in the energy... with it implications. ESL-IE-07-05-29 Proceedings from the Twenty-ninth Industrial Energy Technology Conference, New Orleans, LA, May 8-11, 2007. Finally, this model will be presented to various Natural Gas producing countries such as Iran, Iraq, Russia, and Saudi...

Atighetchi, K.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Property:Project Country | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExploration Jump to:FieldProceduresFY Description Property Name Project Country

194

Electricity reform in Chile : lessons for developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chile was the first country in the world to implement a comprehensive reform of its electricity sector in the recent period. Among developing countries only Argentina has had a comparably comprehensive and successful reform. ...

Pollitt, Michael G.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Electricity Reform in Argentina: Lessons for Developing Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Argentina was one of the first countries in the world to implement a comprehensivereform of its electricity sector in the recent period. Among developing countries onlyChile has had a comparably comprehensive and successful reform. This paper traces...

Pollitt, Michael G.

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

196

MICHIGAN TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY ARCHIVES COPPER COUNTRY HISTORICAL COLLECTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MICHIGAN TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY ARCHIVES AND COPPER COUNTRY HISTORICAL COLLECTION GENEALOGICAL & Copper Country Historical Collection J. Robert Van Pelt Library Michigan Technological University local high schools and Michigan Technological University, centennial books, and local history titles

197

Trade in waste among developed countries : evidence and origins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we examine the determinants of the international trade in waste between developed countries. Data from the 1980s suggest that while the trade in waste between developed and less developed countries has ...

Bernard, Andrew B.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Building technological capability within satellite programs in developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global participation in space activity is growing as satellite technology matures and spreads. Countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America are creating or reinvigorating national satellite programs. These countries are ...

Wood, Danielle Renee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

PROGRESS IN RESIDENTIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION - A MULTI COUNTRY PERSPECTIVE -  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conference, "New Energy Conservation Technologies", Berlin,IN RESIDENTIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION - A MULTI COUNTRYIN RESIDENTIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION - A MULTI COUNTRY

Schipper, Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Initial Evaluation of CDM-type Projects in Developing Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Development (DFID) for the benefit of developing countries. The views expressed are not necessarily those of the DFID.

Dr K. G; Begg Centre; Environmental Strategy

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "foreign countries extraction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Starting your career in Russia Country Guide for International Students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Starting your career in Russia Country Guide for International Students #12;Country profile Main country, Russia. You stand at the beginning of an exciting career, but what are the steps you need to take provides you with practical advice about returning to work in Russia, to help you make a successful start

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

202

Coal prospects and policies in IEA countries, 1983 review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This book reviews coal policies and prospects in IEA countries and major non-IEA coal exporting countries. It also considers demand, production, infrastructure, prices, and environment issues. The review also suggests ways to promote demand for coal as a way of improving energy security in IEA countries.

Not Available

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

IEA Bioenergy task 40 Country report for the Netherlands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 IEA Bioenergy task 40 ­ Country report for the Netherlands Update 2006 Martin Junginger Marc de-energy trade #12;IEA Bioenergy task 40 Country report for the Netherlands ­update 2006 i IEA Bioenergy Task 40 ­ Country report for the Netherlands Update 2006 Martin Junginger Marc de Wit André Faaij This study

204

Fission product solvent extraction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two main objectives concerning removal of fission products from high-level tank wastes will be accomplished in this project. The first objective entails the development of an acid-side Cs solvent-extraction (SX) process applicable to remediation of the sodium-bearing waste (SBW) and dissolved calcine waste (DCW) at INEEL. The second objective is to develop alkaline-side SX processes for the combined removal of Tc, Cs, and possibly Sr and for individual separation of Tc (alone or together with Sr) and Cs. These alkaline-side processes apply to tank wastes stored at Hanford, Savannah River, and Oak Ridge. This work exploits the useful properties of crown ethers and calixarenes and has shown that such compounds may be economically adapted to practical processing conditions. Potential benefits for both acid- and alkaline-side processing include order-of-magnitude concentration factors, high rejection of bulk sodium and potassium salts, and stripping with dilute (typically 10 mM) nitric acid. These benefits minimize the subsequent burden on the very expensive vitrification and storage of the high-activity waste. In the case of the SRTALK process for Tc extraction as pertechnetate anion from alkaline waste, such benefits have now been proven at the scale of a 12-stage flowsheet tested in 2-cm centrifugal contactors with a Hanford supernatant waste simulant. SRTALK employs a crown ether in a TBP-modified aliphatic kerosene diluent, is economically competitive with other applicable separation processes being considered, and has been successfully tested in batch extraction of actual Hanford double-shell slurry feed (DSSF).

Moyer, B.A.; Bonnesen, P.V.; Sachleben, R.A. [and others

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Extracting the Eliashberg Function  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicy andExsolution Enhanced Oil RecoveryExtracellularExtracting the

206

Extracting the Eliashberg Function  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicy andExsolution Enhanced Oil RecoveryExtracellularExtracting

207

Extracting the Eliashberg Function  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicy andExsolution Enhanced OilExtracting the Eliashberg Function

208

Extracting the Eliashberg Function  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicy andExsolution Enhanced OilExtracting the Eliashberg

209

Extraction Utility Design Specification  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office of Audit|Department of Energy56Executive212-2012 June 2012Extraction Utility

210

Extraction of fossil fuel with guanadine extracting agent  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Subdivided coal, oil shale or tar sands is extracted under non-thermally destructive conditions with a solvent liquid containing a compound having the general formula: (R1-)2 N-C(=N-R)-N(-R2)2 Where R, R/sub 1/, and R/sub 2/ are each hydrogen atoms, lower alkyl (C/sub 1/-C/sub 4/) groups, or phenyl groups; provided that the compound has a decomposition temperature higher than the temperature of the extraction, and the extraction temperature is below the softening or decomposition temperature of the material being extracted.

Case, G.D.; Bekowies, P.J.; Panson, A.G.; Stiller, A.H.

1984-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

211

THE EFFECT OF INCREASING TRANSPORTATION COST ON FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

broader dataset which has already been developed will be expanded to include the dramatic changes in oil prices pre Y2K and post Y2K. It was hypothesized that results will reflect that the cost of transportation will drive investment closer, rather... on regional country choice of investment. Previous research has confirmed this. Specifically, research conducted in Mileski (2000) has proven that key events that have affected the international oil supply has shown shift in locations chosen for investment...

Gressler, Kimberly

2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

212

Windmills or deepwater drills?: Normative Roles of Technology in Norwegian Resource Extraction Policy debates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Windmills or deepwater drills?: Normative Roles of Technology in Norwegian Resource Extraction, countries worldwide are racing to stake their claim in the Arctic, a new frontier estimated to hold and drilling efforts in the Barents Sea, but also the challenges of harsh weather, darkness, and ice. It also

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

213

Actinide extraction methods  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods of separating actinides from lanthanides are disclosed. A regio-specific/stereo-specific dithiophosphinic acid having organic moieties is provided in an organic solvent that is then contacted with an acidic medium containing an actinide and a lanthanide. The method can extend to separating actinides from one another. Actinides are extracted as a complex with the dithiophosphinic acid. Separation compositions include an aqueous phase, an organic phase, dithiophosphinic acid, and at least one actinide. The compositions may include additional actinides and/or lanthanides. A method of producing a dithiophosphinic acid comprising at least two organic moieties selected from aromatics and alkyls, each moiety having at least one functional group is also disclosed. A source of sulfur is reacted with a halophosphine. An ammonium salt of the dithiophosphinic acid product is precipitated out of the reaction mixture. The precipitated salt is dissolved in ether. The ether is removed to yield the dithiophosphinic acid.

Peterman, Dean R. (Idaho Falls, ID) [Idaho Falls, ID; Klaehn, John R. (Idaho Falls, ID) [Idaho Falls, ID; Harrup, Mason K. (Idaho Falls, ID) [Idaho Falls, ID; Tillotson, Richard D. (Moore, ID) [Moore, ID; Law, Jack D. (Pocatello, ID) [Pocatello, ID

2010-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

214

Comparative analysis of LMFBR licensing in the United States and other countries - notably France. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents an analysis of LMFBR licensing in the United States. It approaches this question broadly, examining first the system in the United States with the various sectors of the nuclear power economy, and the experience of that system in LWR licensing. It then examines the nature of LMFBR safety licensing questions - to the degree that they differ from those of LWR's - and surveys the experience of the United States and other countries in LMFBR safety licensing. Special attention is devoted to the case of France because of the technical leadership which the French program has provided, and because of the apparent efficiency with which French licensing is performed. The French licensing system and LWR licensing experience are examined, and conclusions drawn regarding the reasons for their effectiveness. Finally, a general comparison of the United States and foreign licensing systems is performed, proposals offered during the recent past for changes in the United States system are examined, and possibilities for future changes are suggested.

Golay, M.W.; Castillo, M.

1981-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

215

Extraction chromatography: Progress and opportunities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Extraction chromatography provides a simple and effective method for the analytical and preparative-scale separation of a variety of metal ions. Recent advances in extractant design, particularly the development of extractants capable of metal ion recognition or of strong complex formation in highly acidic media, have significantly improved the utility of the technique. Advances in support design, most notably the introduction of functionalized supports to enhance metal ion retention, promise to yield further improvements. Column instability remains a significant obstacle, however, to the process-scale application of extraction chromatography. 79 refs.

Dietz, M.L.; Horwitz, E.P.; Bond, A.H. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Chemistry Div.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Passive vapor extraction feasibility study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Demonstration of a passive vapor extraction remediation system is planned for sites in the 200 West Area used in the past for the disposal of waste liquids containing carbon tetrachloride. The passive vapor extraction units will consist of a 4-in.-diameter pipe, a check valve, a canister filled with granular activated carbon, and a wind turbine. The check valve will prevent inflow of air that otherwise would dilute the soil gas and make its subsequent extraction less efficient. The granular activated carbon is used to adsorb the carbon tetrachloride from the air. The wind turbine enhances extraction rates on windy days. Passive vapor extraction units will be designed and operated to meet all applicable or relevant and appropriate requirements. Based on a cost analysis, passive vapor extraction was found to be a cost-effective method for remediation of soils containing lower concentrations of volatile contaminants. Passive vapor extraction used on wells that average 10-stdft{sup 3}/min air flow rates was found to be more cost effective than active vapor extraction for concentrations below 500 parts per million by volume (ppm) of carbon tetrachloride. For wells that average 5-stdft{sup 3}/min air flow rates, passive vapor extraction is more cost effective below 100 ppm.

Rohay, V.J.

1994-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

217

A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Agency, Energy Policies of IEA Countries, Japan 1999Energy Agency, Energy Policies of IEA Countries, Germanyfrom IEA’s Energy Policies of IEA Countries Japan 1999

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Agency, Energy Policies of IEA Countries, Japan 1999Energy Agency, Energy Policies of IEA Countries, Germanyfrom IEA’s Energy Policies of IEA Countries Japan 1999

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Global Climate Change, Developing Countries and Transport Sector Options in South Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Global Climate Change: Developing Countries and Transporton Global Climate Change: Developing Countries and Transporton Global Climate Change: Developing Countries and Transport

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Biofuel Feedstock Assessment For Selected Countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Findings from biofuel feedstock production assessments and projections of future supply are presented and discussed. The report aims to improve capabilities to assess the degree to which imported biofuel could contribute to meeting future U.S. targets to reduce dependence on imported oil. The study scope was focused to meet time and resource requirements. A screening process identified Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, India, Mexico, and the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) region for initial analysis, given their likely role in future feedstock supply relevant to U.S. markets. Supply curves for selected feedstocks in these countries are projected for 2012, 2017 and 2027. The supply functions, along with calculations to reflect estimated supplies available for export and/or biofuel production, were provided to DOE for use in a broader energy market allocation study. Potential cellulosic supplies from crop and forestry residues and perennials were also estimated for 2017 and 2027. The analysis identified capacity to potentially double or triple feedstock production by 2017 in some cases. A majority of supply growth is derived from increasing the area cultivated (especially sugarcane in Brazil). This is supplemented by improving yields and farming practices. Most future supplies of corn and wheat are projected to be allocated to food and feed. Larger shares of future supplies of sugarcane, soybean and palm oil production will be available for export or biofuel. National policies are catalyzing investments in biofuel industries to meet targets for fuel blending that generally fall in the 5-10% range. Social and environmental concerns associated with rapid expansion of feedstock production are considered. If the 2017 projected feedstock supply calculated as 'available' for export or biofuel were converted to fuel, it would represent the equivalent of about 38 billion gallons of gasoline. Sugarcane and bagasse dominate the available supply, representing 64% of the total. Among the nations studied, Brazil is the source of about two-thirds of available supplies, followed distantly by Argentina (12%), India and the CBI region.

Kline, Keith L [ORNL; Oladosu, Gbadebo A [ORNL; Wolfe, Amy K [ORNL; Perlack, Robert D [ORNL; Dale, Virginia H [ORNL

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "foreign countries extraction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Biofuel Feedstock Assessment for Selected Countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Findings from biofuel feedstock production assessments and projections of future supply are presented and discussed. The report aims to improve capabilities to assess the degree to which imported biofuel could contribute to meeting future U.S. targets to reduce dependence on imported oil. The study scope was focused to meet time and resource requirements. A screening process identified Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, India, Mexico, and the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) region for initial analysis, given their likely role in future feedstock supply relevant to U.S. markets. Supply curves for selected feedstocks in these countries are projected for 2012, 2017 and 2027. The supply functions, along with calculations to reflect estimated supplies available for export and/or biofuel production, were provided to DOE for use in a broader energy market allocation study. Potential cellulosic supplies from crop and forestry residues and perennials were also estimated for 2017 and 2027. The analysis identified capacity to potentially double or triple feedstock production by 2017 in some cases. A majority of supply growth is derived from increasing the area cultivated (especially sugarcane in Brazil). This is supplemented by improving yields and farming practices. Most future supplies of corn and wheat are projected to be allocated to food and feed. Larger shares of future supplies of sugarcane, soybean and palm oil production will be available for export or biofuel. National policies are catalyzing investments in biofuel industries to meet targets for fuel blending that generally fall in the 5-10% range. Social and environmental concerns associated with rapid expansion of feedstock production are considered. If the 2017 projected feedstock supply calculated as ‘available’ for export or biofuel were converted to fuel, it would represent the equivalent of about 38 billion gallons of gasoline. Sugarcane and bagasse dominate the available supply, representing 64% of the total. Among the nations studied, Brazil is the source of about two-thirds of available supplies, followed distantly by Argentina (12%), India and the CBI region.

Kline, K.L.; Oladosu, G.A.; Wolfe, A.K.; Perlack, R.D.; Dale, V.H.

2008-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

222

Democratic Accountability in International Relations: Domestic Pressures and Constraints for Coercive Foreign Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

My dissertation contributes to the accountability literature in international relations by examining the role constituents' preferences can potentially play in fomenting or constraining coercive foreign policies in democracies. In times...

Thomson, Catarina 1980-

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

223

Foreign direct investment, intra-organizational proximity, and technological capability : the case of China's automobile industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation consists of three self-contained essays, each of which examines part of the causal link among inward/outward foreign direct investment (FDI), intra-organizational proximity, and in-house technology ...

Nam, Kyung-min

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

17.40 American Foreign Policy: Past, Present, and Future, Fall 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The mission for this course is to explain and evaluate past and present United States policies. What caused the United States' past involvement in foreign wars and interventions? Were the results of U.S. policies good or ...

Van Evera, Stephen

225

The Iranian Legacy in the 2011 Egyptian Revolution: Military Endurance and US Foreign Policy Priorities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

muslim -brotherhood/. 55 “Egypt govt to outlaw establishmentno to ‘Khomeini rule’ in Egypt,” Associated Foreign Press,http://www.juancole.com/2011/02/why-egypt-2011- is-not-iran-

Alimagham, Pouya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

An experimental test of the poliheuristic theory of foreign policy decision making using military leaders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is a study in foreign policy decision making which assesses the impact of dynamic choice sets (where new alternatives appear during the decision process), on strategy selection and choice in international politics. The hypotheses tested involve...

Carnes, Amy Elizabeth

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

227

Web-based, speech-enabled games for vocabulary acquisition in a foreign language  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, I present two novel ways in which speech recognition technology might aid students with vocabulary acquisition in a foreign language. While research in the applied linguistics field of second language ...

McGraw, Ian C. (Ian Carmichael)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

E-Print Network 3.0 - american foreign exchange Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Organization Phone Street Address Veterans of Foreign Wars 56 913-682-9200 519 Cherokee... St. 66048 Disabled American Veterans 913-651-2402 4101 S 4th St. 66048 American...

229

Foreign Direct Investment in Food Retailing: The Case of the People’s Republic of China   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Foreign direct investment (FDI) in food retailing has generated a considerable amount of attention in both the media and the business world throughout the 199Os, with a strong focus on Asian and Central and Eastern ...

Au-Yeung, Amelia Y.S.

230

The systemic and ideological sources of grand strategic doctrine : American foreign policy in the twentieth century  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What explains the puzzling variation in America's foreign policy posture? This study proposes and tests a theory of American grand strategy that places an emphasis on two key variables: the ideological content of American ...

Green, Brendan Rittenhouse

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Communicative 2.0 : video games and digital culture in the foreign language classroom  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I explore two core concepts in today's youth entertainment culture that will increasingly become central in future attempts to design affordable foreign language learning materials that hope to bridge the chasm between ...

Purushotma, Ravi

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance and investment perspectives Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing...

233

DOE Announces Webinars on Climate Change Impacts and Indian Country...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

April 24: Live Webinar on Climate Change Impacts and Indian Country: Natural Resources and Agriculture Webinar Webinar Sponsors: White House Office of Public Engagement, White...

234

DOE Announces Webinars on Climate Change Impacts and Indian Country...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Impacts and Indian Country: Built Systems and Other Infrastructure Webinar sponsors: White House Office of Public Engagement, White House Council on Environmental Quality, and...

235

Country report on advertising and promotion bans - Croatia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Country report on advertising and promotion bans – Croatiaand promotion bans – Croatia Dr Vlasta Hrabak-Zerbajicbeen grown and consumed in Croatia. In the last century the

Hrabak-Zerbajic, Dr. Vlasta

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Finacial liberalisation and sustainable economic growth in ECOWAS countries .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The thesis examines the comprehensive relationship between all aspects of financial liberalisation and economic growth in three countries from the Economic Community of West African… (more)

Owusu, Erasmus Labri

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

EUCI Tribal and Indian Country Energy Development: Collaborating...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

The conference will focus on the fundamental concepts on how to network and collaborate in renewable energy such as solar, wind, biomass, and natural gas in Indian Country...

238

Profitable Biodiesel Potential from Increased Agricultural Yields Country Name  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Profitable Biodiesel Potential from Increased Agricultural Yields Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel Volume (liters) Total Export Profits ($) HDI Rank GDP/ cap Corrupt Rank FDI

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

239

Climate of Change: A Foreign Policy Analysis of China's Participation in International Environmental Agreements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

specif influees studied in the broader foreign policy literaure. Methods This study utilzes the congruence mthod, and to a more limted extnt, proces tracing, as decribed by Gorge and Bennet (2005), to analyze thre cas: the 1987 Montreal Protocol... with events (Gorge and Bennet 2005). The 25 congruence mthod is useful in this cae because it requires relatively litle data. Chinese foreign policy deison-making is hitorily, and remains a firly closd procs. Theref its dificult to gather detailed...

Hodgson, Andrew

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

240

Energy use and carbon dioxide emissions in energy-intensive industries in key developing countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The industrial sector is the most important end-use sector in developing countries in terms of energy use and was responsible for 50% of primary energy use and 53% of associated carbon dioxide emissions in 1995 (Price et al., 1999). The industrial sector is extremely diverse, encompassing the extraction of natural resources, conversion of these resources into raw materials, and manufacture of finished products. Five energy-intensive industrial subsectors account for the bulk of industrial energy use and related carbon dioxide emissions: iron and steel, chemicals, petroleum refining, pulp and paper, and cement. In this paper, we focus on the steel and cement sectors in Brazil, China, India, and Mexico.1 We review historical trends, noting that China became the world's largest producer of cement in 1985 and of steel in 1996. We discuss trends that influence energy consumption, such as the amount of additives in cement (illustrated through the clinker/cement ratio), the share of electric arc furnaces, and the level of adoption of continuous casting. To gauge the potential for improvement in production of steel and cement in these countries, we calculate a ''best practice'' intensity based on use of international best practice technology to produce the mix of products manufactured in each country in 1995. We show that Brazil has the lowest potential for improvement in both sectors. In contrast, there is significant potential for improvement in Mexico, India, and especially China, where adoption of best practice technologies could reduce energy use and carbon dioxide emissions from steel production by 50% and cement production by 37%. We conclude by comparing the identified potential for energy efficiency improvement and carbon dioxide emissions reduction in these key developing countries to that of the U.S. This comparison raises interesting questions related to efforts to improve energy efficiency in developing countries, such as: what is the appropriate role of industrialized countries in promoting the adoption of low carbon technologies, how do international steel and cement companies influence the situation, and how can such information be used in the context of Clean Development Mechanism in the Kyoto Protocol?

Price, Lynn; Worrell, Ernst; Phylipsen, Dian

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "foreign countries extraction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Global Carbon Pricing Among Countries With Different Economic Prospects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

millions out of poverty. ETH Z¨urich, Centre for Energy Policy and Economics (CEPE), ZUE E1, ZGlobal Carbon Pricing Among Countries With Different Economic Prospects Florian Landis Thomas.cepe.ethz.ch #12;Global Carbon Pricing Among Countries With Different Economic Prospects Florian Landis Thomas

242

Does economic development drive the fertility rebound in OECD countries?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Does economic development drive the fertility rebound in OECD countries? Angela Luci, Olivier Thévenon 167 2010 #12;2 #12;3 Does economic development drive the fertility rebound in OECD countries.thevenon@ined.fr We examine how far changes in fertility trends are related to ongoing economic development in OECD

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

243

Assessing the Energy Costs of Computing Devices in Developing Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assessing the Energy Costs of Computing Devices in Developing Countries K. Gopinath1 and Rahul to power these devices in developing countries. (2) the energy-efficient design of large information@gwu.edu Abstract Competition, technological developments, and economies of scale have together brought down

Simha, Rahul

244

New Technology, Human Capital and Growth for Developing Countries.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Technology, Human Capital and Growth for Developing Countries. Cuong Le Van, Manh-Hung Nguyen country with three sectors in economy: con- sumption goods, new technology, and education. Productivity of the con- sumption goods sector depends on new technology and skilled labor used for production of the new

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

245

Climate Change Uncertainty and Skepticism: A Cross-Country Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate Change Uncertainty and Skepticism: A Cross-Country Analysis Skepticism about climate change for other countries. · Skepticism and uncertainty are related but different aspects of climate change perceptions. In the literature, skepticism often relates to whether people believe climate change is happening

Hall, Sharon J.

246

The energy situation in five Central American countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study describes the energy resources and the changes that have taken place in energy supply and demand in five Central American countries between 1970 and 1984. Economic changes are also reviewed because they influence and are affected by changes in the energy sector. The work was performed under the auspices of the US Agency for International Development. The Central American countries of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama are highly dependent on fuel wood as a source of energy, particularly in the residential sector. They also rely upon imported oil products to supply a growing modern sector. Most countries have significant hydroelectric and geothermal resources, and most countries produce a large portion of their electricity from hydroelectric projects. Demand for electricity has grown rapidly. Relative shares of primary versus secondary energy in the five countries vary significantly and strongly correlate with average per capita income. Consumption of secondary energy has declined during the recent economic recession suffered by the region.

Trocki, L.; Booth, S.R.; Umana Q, A.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Radioactive Waste Management in Non-Nuclear Countries - 13070  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper challenges internationally accepted concepts of dissemination of responsibilities between all stakeholders involved in national radioactive waste management infrastructure in the countries without nuclear power program. Mainly it concerns countries classified as class A and potentially B countries according to International Atomic Energy Agency. It will be shown that in such countries long term sustainability of national radioactive waste management infrastructure is very sensitive issue that can be addressed by involving regulatory body in more active way in the infrastructure. In that way countries can mitigate possible consequences on the very sensitive open market of radioactive waste management services, comprised mainly of radioactive waste generators, operators of end-life management facilities and regulatory body. (authors)

Kubelka, Dragan; Trifunovic, Dejan [SORNS, Frankopanska 11, HR-10000 Zagreb (Croatia)] [SORNS, Frankopanska 11, HR-10000 Zagreb (Croatia)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Foreign Capital and Finland : Central government's first period of reliance on international financial markets, 1862-1938.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The main objective of the study is to evaluate the Finnish central government s foreign borrowing between the years 1862 and 1938. Most of this… (more)

Arola, Mika

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

The energy statecraft of Brazil: promoting biofuels as an instrument of Brazilian foreign policy, 2003-2010.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The ‘conditionalist’ approach to the economic statecraft literature in International Relations and Foreign Policy Analysis seeks to establish the conditions under which economic instruments of… (more)

Dalgaard, Klaus

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Liquid-Liquid Extraction Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Liquid-liquid extraction is the separation of one or more components of a liquid solution by contact with a second immiscible liquid called the solvent. If the components in the original liquid solution distribute themselves differently between...

Fair, J. R.; Humphrey, J. L.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Hot water bitumen extraction process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a method of extracting bitumen oils from tar-sands ore. It includes an initial conditioning step comprising crushing tar-sands ore to yield solid particles of a maximum size required by a log washer conditioner in a second conditioning step; a bitumen extraction step; a bitumen separation step; a solvent recovery step; a sand washing and water clarification step; and a sand solvent recovery step.

Rendall, J.S.

1989-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

252

Ocean Thermal Extractable Energy Visualization: Final Technical...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Ocean Thermal Extractable Energy Visualization: Final Technical Report Ocean Thermal Extractable Energy Visualization: Final Technical Report Report about the Ocean Thermal...

253

What Polarized Country? Clean Energy -The Great Convener  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What Polarized Country? Clean Energy - The Great Convener Tuesday, October 2, 2012 11:30 a.m. - 1, vast agreement that we should champion clean energy and energy efficiency. Join us for an engaging

Hall, Sharon J.

254

Energy Efficient Residential Building Code for Arab Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents an energy analysis to support the Egyptian efforts to develop a New Energy Code for New Residential Buildings in the Arab Countries. Also, the paper represents a brief summary of the code contents specially, the effectiveness...

Hanna, G. B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Essays on household decision making in developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation contains three essays on household decision making in the areas of education and health in developing countries. The first chapter explores intra-household decision making in the context of conditional ...

Berry, James W. (James Wesley)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Strategic analysis of mobile money ventures in Developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mobile money services are spreading rapidly in many developed and developing countries across the world. Whereas in developed economies these new services are seen as a way to make current services more functional and ...

Caballero, Luis (Luis Alberto Caballero Parra)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Grant Researching and Proposal Writing in Indian Country Workshop  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Seminole Tribe of Florida Native Learning Center is excited to present its first Grant Researching and Proposal Writing in Indian Country Workshop. Whether you are a beginner, an expert, or...

258

The market for alfalfa seed in the country of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study develops a knowledge base of the market for alfalfa seed in the country of Mexico. The research findings and results of the study are intended to contribute toward the further understanding of the Mexican market for alfalfa seed...

Berentsen, Roberto, Jr

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Electricity Network Tariff Architectures: A Comparison of Four OECD Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The study is motivated by the question “what is the optimal tariff design?” While we do not offer an answer to this question, we use the different designs in four select countries to illuminate the issues involved in ...

Sakhrani, Vivek

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

A cross country analysis of electricity market reforms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

econometric model based on Poisson regression with cross-section data covering 51 US states, 13 Canada states and 51 other countries. The results show that both the background of the chairperson of electricity market regulatory agency when reforms started...

Erdogdu, Erkan

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "foreign countries extraction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Understanding developing countries' capacities to negotiate effective trade agreements : Colombia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis explores the obstacles (the negotiation machinery, the asymmetric context of power and the international and domestic context) for developing countries in negotiating international trade agreements with the US. ...

Bonilla, Martha Isabel, 1965-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

OPEC Algeria Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC b Total OPEC c 1978 ... 14.12 13.61 13.24 14.05...

263

Bicycle-powered attachments : designing for developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are 550 million smallholder farmers around the world who earn less than $1/day who could benefit from pedal-powered attachments. This project discusses factors to consider in designing for developing countries and ...

Wu, Jodie (Jodie Z.)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Extractant composition including crown ether and calixarene extractants  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An extractant composition comprising a mixed extractant solvent consisting of calix[4] arene-bis-(tert-octylbenzo)-crown-6 ("BOBCalixC6"), 4',4',(5')-di-(t-butyldicyclo-hexano)-18-crown-6 ("DtBu18C6"), and at least one modifier dissolved in a diluent. The DtBu18C6 may be present at from approximately 0.01M to approximately 0.4M, such as at from approximately 0.086 M to approximately 0.108 M. The modifier may be 1-(2,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropoxy)-3-(4-sec-butylphenoxy)-2-propanol ("Cs-7SB") and may be present at from approximately 0.01M to approximately 0.8M. In one embodiment, the mixed extractant solvent includes approximately 0.15M DtBu18C6, approximately 0.007M BOBCalixC6, and approximately 0.75M Cs-7SB modifier dissolved in an isoparaffinic hydrocarbon diluent. The extractant composition further comprises an aqueous phase. The mixed extractant solvent may be used to remove cesium and strontium from the aqueous phase.

Meikrantz, David H. (Idaho Falls, ID); Todd, Terry A. (Aberdeen, ID); Riddle, Catherine L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Law, Jack D. (Pocalello, ID); Peterman, Dean R. (Idaho Falls, ID); Mincher, Bruce J. (Idaho Falls, ID); McGrath, Christopher A. (Blackfoot, ID); Baker, John D. (Blackfoot, ID)

2009-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

265

ORISE: After a Brief Decline, Recent Foreign Ph.D. Graduates...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of some countries were more likely to stay than others. Seven countries-China, Romania, Yugoslavia, Ukraine, India, Iran, and Russia-have five-year stay rates greater than...

266

Cesium and strontium extraction using a mixed extractant solvent including crown ether and calixarene extractants  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mixed extractant solvent including calix[4]arene-bis-(tert-octylbenzo)-crown-6 ("BOBCalixC6"), 4',4',(5')-di-(t-butyldicyclo-hexano)-18-crown-6 ("DtBu18C6"), and at least one modifier dissolved in a diluent. The mixed extractant solvent may be used to remove cesium and strontium from an acidic solution. The DtBu18C6 may be present from approximately 0.01 M to approximately 0.4M, such as from approximately 0.086 M to approximately 0.108 M. The modifier may be 1-(2,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropoxy)-3-(4-sec-butylphenoxy)-2-propanol ("Cs-7SB") and may be present from approximately 0.01M to approximately 0.8M. In one embodiment, the mixed extractant solvent includes approximately 0.15M DtBu18C6, approximately 0.007M BOBCalixC6, and approximately 0.75M Cs-7SB modifier dissolved in an isoparaffinic hydrocarbon diluent. The mixed extractant solvent may form an organic phase in an extraction system that also includes an aqueous phase. Methods of extracting cesium and strontium as well as strontium alone are also disclosed.

Meikrantz, David H. (Idaho Falls, ID); Todd, Terry A. (Aberdeen, ID); Riddle, Catherine L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Law, Jack D. (Pocatello, ID); Peterman, Dean R. (Idaho Falls, ID); Mincher, Bruce J. (Idaho Falls, ID); McGrath, Christopher A. (Blackfoot, ID); Baker, John D. (Blackfoot, ID)

2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

267

Fixed Price General Provisions for Supplies/Services -Foreign Battelle Memorial Institute Page 1 of 23 Form A-110-Foreign-FP-R8 (March 2013) Pacific Northwest National Laboratory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Price General Provisions for Supplies/Services - Foreign Battelle Memorial Institute Page 1 of 23 Form A-110-Foreign-FP-R8 (March 2013) Pacific Northwest National Laboratory GENERAL PROVISIONS Fixed Price) _______________________________________________________ 3 Changes ­ Fixed Price (cl. F-746b ­ Jan 2010

268

Research needs and data acquisition to apply US technology to foreign coals: Quarterly report, January-March 1987  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Data on coal characteristics, resources and environmental aspects were gathered previously for India, Pakistan, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Afghanistan and Colombia. The relevant data from the information obtained on these countries was retrieved, summarized and transmitted for inclusion in the PETC coal database. Coal deposits and their locations on national maps were also provided. The data on coal characteristics was stored in a computerized database. Data has now been gathered for the Republic of Korea (South Korea), Australia, and People's Republic of China (China). Data for 104 developing countries was obtained from the World Bank on energy inputs to electric utilities. This data was entered into a computerized database prepared at Viking. The data includes types of fuel input for electricity generation, power plant capacities, total electricity generation, system frequencies, etc. The user can extract information of his/her choice from the database in a spreadsheet format, which can then be interfaced with a graphics software package to obtain a pictorial representation of the data.

Not Available

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Prospects for the power sector in nine developing countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on information drawn primarily from official planning documents issued by national governments and/or utilities, the authors examined the outlook for the power sector in the year 2000 in nine countries: China, India, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, Argentina and Mexico. They found that the implicit rates of average annual growth of installed electric power capacity between 1991 and 2001 range from a low of 3.3% per year in Argentina to a high of 13.2% per year in Indonesia. In absolute terms, China and India account for the vast majority of the growth. The plans call for a shift in the generating mix towards coal in six of the countries, and continued strong reliance on coal in China and India. The use of natural gas is expected to increase substantially in a number of the countries. The historic movement away from oil continues, although some countries are maintaining dual-fuel capabilities. Plans call for considerable growth of nuclear power in South Korea and China and modest increases in India and Taiwan. The feasibility of the official plans varies among the countries. Lack of public capital is leading towards greater reliance on private sector participation in power projects in many of the countries. Environmental issues are becoming a more significant constraint than in the past, particularly in the case of large-scale hydropower projects. The financial and environmental constraints are leading to a rising interest in methods of improving the efficiency of electricity supply and end use. The scale of such activities is growing in most of the study countries.

Meyers, S.; Goldman, N.; Martin, N.; Friedmann, R.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

EXPLORING THE SPECTRUM OF MOTIVATION IN SECOND LANGUAGE SETTINGS: IDENTIFYING AND EVALUATING NEW FORMS OF MOTIVATION IN COLLEGE FOREIGN LANGUAGE COURSES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The main objectives of this study were: to determine if college students in foreign language classes had more external motivation than internal motivation; to investigate the strength of motivation in college foreign ...

Begenchev, Mike

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

271

STUDENT'S COPY (*Revised, added VAWA, Foreign Income, Nonresident alien, Filing status update for student  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STUDENT'S COPY 9/24/2014 (*Revised, added VAWA, Foreign Income, Nonresident alien, Filing status of alien registration card or I-94 or stamped passport VETERAN STATUS: DD214 form or a VA statement Immigrants-qualified aliens also known as VAWA: These students may be eligible for aid. They will provide us

Rosen, Jay

272

Test of English as a Foreign LanguageTM Leading. www.ets.org/toefl  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Test of English as a Foreign LanguageTM Listening. Learning. Leading. www.ets.org/toefl Information Internet-based testing ONLY. Information about TOEFL computer-based testing,TOEFL paper-based testing, and the Test of Spoken English is in a separate Bulletin. Read all of the information in this Bulletin

273

Foreign Fishery Developments Figure I.-The People's Republic of China.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Foreign Fishery Developments Figure I.-The People's Republic of China. Figure 2.-China's total 1983 harvest. China's fisheries catch increased sig- nificantly after its fishery development policy and freshwater aquaculture. China hopes to realize the full potential of its fisheries by continuing to implement

274

Figure I.-Offshore bases in Mexico's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). Foreign Fishery Developments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in shrimp resources. Mexico has had major problems with illegal foreign fishing on the Campeche Bank, espe to the Mexican EEZ. Shrimp fishing was restricted to the Campeche Bank. Mexican shrimp fish- ermen have been very measures. The Mexi- can Navy plans to establish a seaplane base on Cayo Arcas to monitor the Campeche Bank

275

Can Foreign Aid Reduce Poverty? YES: Jeffrey Sachs, The Earth Institute at Columbia University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

poverty Can Foreign Aid Reduce Poverty? YES: Jeffrey Sachs, The Earth Institute at Columbia with poverty, more than 1 million each year from diarrhea alone. Millions lack access to lifesaving-year period, the percentage of those living in extreme poverty increased in sub-Saharan Africa. Statistics

276

2 Extracting and trapping biogenic 3 volatile organic compounds stored  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Subcritical water extraction; UAE, Ultrasound-assisted extraction 36 1. Introduction Plants release

Goldstein, Allen

277

Fact #836: September 1, Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

per day) Year Non-OPEC Countries OPEC Countries Total Percent OPEC Canada Mexico Russia Other Non-OPEC Nigeria Saudi Arabia Venezuela Other OPEC Countries 1960 0.12 0.02 0.00...

278

Uranium Ore Uranium is extracted  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Milling of Uranium Ore Uranium is extracted from ore with strong acids or bases. The uranium is concentrated in a solid substance called"yellowcake." Chemical Conversion Plants convert the uranium in yellowcake to uranium hexafluoride (UF6 ), a compound that can be made into nuclear fuel. Enrichment

279

Parallel algorithms for inductance extraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 3. Pin Connect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 C. The Inductance Extraction Algorithm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 ix CHAPTER Page V COMPARISON WITH EXISTING WORK . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 A. Ground Plane... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 1. Shared Memory Parallelization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 2. Mixed Mode Parallelization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 3. Distributed Memory Parallelization . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 VII CONCLUSIONS...

Mahawar, Hemant

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

280

Explaining Conflict in Low-Income Countries: Incomplete Contracting in the Shadow of the Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Countries: Incomplete Contracting in the Shadow of theCountries: ict Incomplete Contracting in the Shadow of thedue to incomplete contracting. When incumbent politicians

McBride, Michael; Skaperdas, Stergios

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "foreign countries extraction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

E-Print Network 3.0 - african countries including Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

year. In Africa, countries including Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa... to food security is particularly profound for African countries where food is...

282

Capacity building for flood management in developing countries under climate change.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Climate change will bring new flood threats, especially in developing countries. In addition, the contexts surrounding flood management have been shifting globally. If developing countries… (more)

Katsuhama, Yoshihiro

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Industrial Energy Use and Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The industrial sector accounts for over 50% of energy used in developing countries. Growth in this sector has been over 4.5% per year since 1980. Energy intensity trends for four energy-intensive sub-sectors (iron and steel, chemicals, building...

Price, L.; Martin, N.; Levine, M. D.; Worrell, E.

284

Name Affiliation Country PI Prof. Dr. Gottfried Mann AIP Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Name Affiliation Country PI Prof. Dr. Gottfried Mann AIP Germany core members (project manager) Dr Sweden Germany ordinary members Frank Breitling Eoin Carley Dr. Harry Enke Dr. Norbert Jakowski Dr Germany Ireland Germany Germany UK Ireland Germany UK Ireland associated memb. Prof. Dr. John Brown Dr

285

Electricity reform in developing and transition countries: A reappraisal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electricity reform in developing and transition countries: A reappraisal J.H. Williams, R. Ghanadan-oriented reforms in their electric power sectors. Despite the widespread adoption of a standard policy model features of non-OECD electricity reform and reappraises reform policies and underlying assumptions

Kammen, Daniel M.

286

Advancing Energy Development in Indian Country (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet provides information on the Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Program, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs (DOE-IE) initiative to provide technical expertise to support the development of next-generation energy projects in Indian Country.

Not Available

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Advancing Next-Generation Energy in Indian Country (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact provides information on the Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Program, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs (DOE-IE) initiative to provide technical expertise to support the development of next-generation energy projects in Indian Country.

Not Available

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

A Blended Space for Tourism: Genesee Village Country & Museum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Blended Space for Tourism: Genesee Village Country & Museum Abstract Blended spaces are spaces on this enables us to provide general guidance and framework on the design of blended spaces for digital tourism. Author Keywords Design, Tourism, Blended Spaces, User Experience ACM Classification Keywords H.5.2 User

Deussen, Oliver

289

Sectoral targets for developing countries: Combining "Common but differentiated responsibilities"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, as also is the impact on the electricity price. Keywords Sectoral approach, sectoral target, developing-type absolute commitments, whilst developing countries adopt an emission trading system limited to electricity are auctioned by the government, which distributes its revenues lump-sum to households. In a second scenario

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

290

Energy efficiency from the perspective of developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the markets are fundamental, as illustrated by integrated resource planning and utility demand side management the industrialized countries because the infrastructure-building era is largely over there and the demand for basic for utilities to earn profits on demand side energy effi- ciency investments. There is a need for an integrated

291

Titanium metal: extraction to application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1998, approximately 57,000 tons of titanium metal was consumed in the form of mill products (1). Only about 5% of the 4 million tons of titanium minerals consumed each year is used to produce titanium metal, with the remainder primarily used to produce titanium dioxide pigment. Titanium metal production is primarily based on the direct chlorination of rutile to produce titanium tetrachloride, which is then reduced to metal using the Kroll magnesium reduction process. The use of titanium is tied to its high strength-to-weight ratio and corrosion resistance. Aerospace is the largest application for titanium. In this paper, we discuss all aspects of the titanium industry from ore deposits through extraction to present and future applications. The methods of both primary (mining of ore, extraction, and purification) and secondary (forming and machining) operations will be analyzed. The chemical and physical properties of titanium metal will be briefly examined. Present and future applications for titanium will be discussed. Finally, the economics of titanium metal production also are analyzed as well as the advantages and disadvantages of various alternative extraction methods.

Gambogi, Joseph (USGS, Reston, VA); Gerdemann, Stephen J.

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

DEVELOPMENT OF CONTINUOUS SOLVENT EXTRACTION PROCESSES FOR COAL DERIVED CARBON PRODUCTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this DOE-funded effort is to develop continuous processes for solvent extraction of coal for the production of carbon products. These carbon products include materials used in metals smelting, especially in the aluminum and steel industries, as well as porous carbon structural material referred to as ''carbon foam'' and carbon fibers. Table 1 provides an overview of the major markets for carbon products. Current sources of materials for these processes generally rely on petroleum distillation products or coal tar distillates obtained as a byproduct of metcoke production facilities. In the former case, the American materials industry, just as the energy industry, is dependent upon foreign sources of petroleum. In the latter case, metcoke production is decreasing every year due to the combined difficulties associated with poor economics and a significant environmental burden. Thus, a significant need exists for an environmentally clean process which can used domestically obtained raw materials and which can still be very competitive economically.

Elliot B. Kennel; Chong Chen; Dady Dadyburjor; Liviu Magean; Peter G. Stansberry; Alfred H. Stiller; John W. Zondlo

2005-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

293

Gauge Invariant Spectral Cauchy Characteristic Extraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present gauge invariant spectral Cauchy characteristic extraction. We compare gravitational waveforms extracted from a head-on black hole merger simulated in two different gauges by two different codes. We show rapid convergence, demonstrating both gauge invariance of the extraction algorithm and consistency between the legacy Pitt null code and the much faster Spectral Einstein Code (SpEC).

Casey J. Handmer; Béla Szilágyi; Jeffrey Winicour

2015-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

294

Reformulated Gasoline Foreign Refinery Rules (Released in the STEO January 1998)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

On August 27, 1997, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) promulgated revised the rules that allow foreign refiners to establish and use individual baselines, but it would not be mandatory (the optional use of an individual refinery baseline is not available to domestic refiners.) If a foreign refiner did not establish and use an individual baseline, the gasoline they export to the United States would be regulated through the importer, and subject to the importer's baseline (most likely the statutory baseline). Specific regulatory provisions are implemented to ensure that the option to use an individual baseline would not lead to adverse environmental impacts. This involves monitoring the average quality of imported gasoline, and if a specified benchmark is exceeded, remedial action would be taken by adjusting the requirements applicable to imported gasoline.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Immigration, inequality, and the state : three essays on the employment of foreign nationals in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation examines how U.S. immigration policies, as implemented by government agents, shape migration and key employment outcomes of foreign nationals. Using unique quantitative and qualitative data, never previously ...

Rissing, Ben A. (Ben Arthur)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Fighting for control : state-sponsored terrorism as foreign policy in Cuba and Libya, 1959-2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this dissertation, I ask four inter-related questions about state-sponsored terrorism. First, under what conditions do states choose to support foreign terrorist groups? Second, when do sponsor states stop supporting ...

Payne, John David, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

The use of intelligence information to identify the foreign interests of entities involved with DOE programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report investigates whether DOE activities could benefit from greater and more consistent access to intelligence information on selected entities with foreign interests. It does not cover dual-use and munition commodities. The investigation determined what information was available from the national intelligence community and law enforcement agencies that would have prevented DOE contracts with selected entities if the information had been available and regulations regarding contracts with selected entities had been enforced.

Not Available

1993-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

298

Stay Rates of Foreign Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities, 2005  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the latest in a series of studies conducted for the National Science Foundation to estimate the proportion of foreign science / engineering doctorate recipients from U.S. universities who stayed in the United States after graduation. Sixty-six percent of those who graduated in 2003 were still in the United States in 2005, a 5 percent decline since the last report. But the five-year stay rate continues to climb, now at 68 percent.

Mike Finn

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Comparison of Two Foreign Body Retrieval Devices with Adjustable Loops in a Swine Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of the study was to compare two similar foreign body retrieval devices, the Texan{sup TM} (TX) and the Texan LONGhorn{sup TM} (TX-LG), in a swine model. Both devices feature a {<=}30-mm adjustable loop. Capture times and total procedure times for retrieving foreign bodies from the infrarenal aorta, inferior vena cava, and stomach were compared. All attempts with both devices (TX, n = 15; TX-LG, n = 14) were successful. Foreign bodies in the vasculature were captured quickly using both devices (mean {+-} SD, 88 {+-} 106 sec for TX vs 67 {+-} 42 sec for TX-LG) with no significant difference between them. The TX-LG, however, allowed significantly better capture times than the TX in the stomach (p = 0.022), Overall, capture times for the TX-LG were significantly better than for the TX (p = 0.029). There was no significant difference between the total procedure times in any anatomic region. TX-LG performed significantly better than the TX in the stomach and therefore overall. The better torque control and maneuverability of TX-LG resulted in better performance in large anatomic spaces.

Konya, Andras [University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Section of Interventional Radiology, Division of Diagnostic Imaging (United States)], E-mail: akonya@mdanderson.org

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

300

Environmental Assessment of Urgent-Relief Acceptance of Foreign Research Reactor Spent Nuclear Fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy has completed the Environmental Assessment (EA) of Urgent-Relief Acceptance of Foreign Research Reactor Spent Nuclear Fuel and issued a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) for the proposed action. The EA and FONSI are enclosed for your information. The Department has decided to accept a limited number of spent nuclear fuel elements (409 elements) containing uranium that was enriched in the United States from eight research reactors in Austria, Denmark, Germany, Greece, the Netherlands, Sweden, and Switzerland. This action is necessary to maintain the viability of a major US nuclear weapons nonproliferation program to limit or eliminate the use of highly enriched uranium in civil programs. The purpose of the EA is to maintain the cooperation of the foreign research reactor operators with the nonproliferation program while a more extensive Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is prepared on a proposed broader policy involving the acceptance of up to 15,000 foreign research reactor spent fuel elements over a 10 to 15 year period. Based on an evaluation of transport by commercial container liner or chartered vessel, five eastern seaboard ports, and truck and train modes of transporting the spent fuel overland to the Savannah River Sits, the Department has concluded that no significant impact would result from any combination of port and made of transport. In addition, no significant impacts were found from interim storage of spent fuel at the Savannah River Site.

Not Available

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "foreign countries extraction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

To Aid or Not to Aid? Competing Narratives on the Efficacy of Foreign Aid in Sub-Saharan African  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Press. Sen. Amartya, (1999). Development as freedom. New York: Anchor Books. Svensson. Jacob. (1999). Aid growth, and democracy. Economics & Politics 11: 275- 297. United Nations Development Programme (2005). Aid for the 2lst century. Human... that foreign aid has been and will continue to be successful catalyst for development (Sen 1999; Sachs 2005). The public choice hypothesis argues foreign aid is an ineffectual means for promoting development and hinders further growth (Sen 1999; Sachs 2005...

Stuart, Kaleisha

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

302

Energy use and carbon emissions: Non-OECD countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report surveys world energy use and carbon emissions patterns, with particular emphasis on the non-OECD countries. The non OECD is important not only because it currently makes up 84% of world population, but because its energy consumption, carbon emissions, population, and grow domestic product have all been growing faster than OECD`s. This presentation has seven major sections: (1) overview of key trends in non-OECD energy use and carbon emissions since 1970; (2) Comparison and contrasting energy use and carbon emissions for five major non OEDC regions (former Soviet Union and eastern Europe, Pacific Rim including China, Latin America, other Asia; Africa; 3-7) presentation of aggregate and sectoral energy use and carbon emissions data for countries within each of the 5 regions.

Not Available

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Program Program Organization Country Region Topic Sector Sector  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories onFocusOskiPhilipspresents new Climate ActionCountry Region Topic

304

Captive power plants and industrial sector in the developing countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electrical power and energy is essential for the industrial sector of the countries which are transferring its social structure to the industry oriented one from the agrarian society. In Asian countries, this kind of transformation has actively been achieved in this century starting from Japan and followed by Korea, Taiwan, and it is more actively achieved in the countries of Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippine, India and China(PRC) in these days. It is valuable to review the effective utilizing of Power and Energy in the industrial sector of the developing countries. In this paper, it is therefore focussed to the captive power plants comparing those of utility companies such as government owned electrical power company and independent power company. It is noticed that major contribution to the electrical power generation in these days is largely dependent on the fossil fuel such as coal, oil and gas which are limited in source. Fossil energy reserves are assumed 1,194 trillion cubic meters or about 1,182 billion barrels of oil equivalent for natural gas 1,009 billion barrels for oil and at least 930 billion tons for coal in the world. According to the statistic data prepared by the World Energy Council, the fossil fuel contribution to electrical power generation records 92.3% in 1970 and 83.3% in 1990 in the world wide. Primary energy source for electrical power generation is shown in figure 1. It is therefore one of the most essential task of human being on how to utilize the limited fossil energy effectively and how to maximize the thermal efficiency in transferring the fossil fuel to usable energy either electrical power and energy or thermal energy of steam or hot/chilled water.

Lee, Rim-Taig [Hyundai Engineering Co. (Korea, Republic of)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

305

Solvent extraction of inorganic acids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the solution by a sim?. le process that is economically =ttrsctlve is of con- sider. ble interest~ Dilute "olution; of hydrochloric, nitric and sul- furic acid d; occur in many processes either alone or toga- th: r . 'he use of li. , uid-li~uid extraction...~~ram for hexyl c~rbitol- water-nitric acid 17 ~ Distribution die, r m for hoxl'' ca:-bitol- watcr-sulfur'c acid Table 1. . 'xperimental d ta of amyl alcohol-water-!!Cl Pa, e 33 2. Experimental data of isoamyl alcohol-water- HC1 34 3 ~ Cxperimental data...

Ysrael, Miguel Curie

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Electric motor systems in developing countries: Opportunities for efficiency improvement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents an overview of the current status and efficiency improvement potential of industrial motor systems in developing countries. Better management of electric motor systems is of particular relevance in developing countries, where improved efficiency can lead to increased productivity and slower growth in electricity demand. Motor systems currently consume some 65--80% of the industrial electricity in developing countries. Drawing on studies from Thailand, India, Brazil, China, Pakistan, and Costa Rica, we describe potential efficiency gains in various parts of the motor system, from the electricity delivery system through the motor to the point where useful work is performed. We report evidence of a significant electricity conservation potential. Most of the efficiency improvement methods we examine are very cost-effective from a societal viewpoint, but are generally not implemented due to various barriers that deter their adoption. Drawing on experiences in North America, we discuss a range of policies to overcome these barriers, including education, training, minimum efficiency standards, motor efficiency testing protocols, technical assistance programs, and financial incentives.

Meyers, S.; Monahan, P.; Lewis, P.; Greenberg, S. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Nadel, S. [American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, Washington, DC (United States)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Extracting Simplified Statements for Factual Question Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minister Vladimir V. Putin, the country's paramount leader, cut short a trip to Siberia, returning to Moscow to oversee the federal response. Mr. Putin built his reputation in part on his success set of questions:3 (2) Prime Minister Vladimir V. Putin is the country's paramount leader. (3) Prime

Eskenazi, Maxine

308

CLASS WAIVER OF THE U.S. GOVERNMENT'S U.S. AND FOREIGN PATENT...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

improvements via multiple pretreatment processes; 3) one or more of the following algae biofuel areas: algae cultivation and harvesting system, extraction, and conversion...

309

Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Radionuclides - A Green Technology for Nuclear Waste Management  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Supercritical fluid carbon dioxide (SF-CO2) is capable of extracting radionuclides including cesium, strontium, uranium, plutonium and lanthanides directly from liquid and solid samples with proper complexing agents. Of particular interest is the ability of SF-CO2 to dissolve uranium dioxide directly using a CO2-soluble tri-nbutylphosphate- nitric acid (TBP-HNO3) extractant to form a highly soluble UO2(NO3)2(TBP)2 complex that can be transported and separated from Cs, Sr, and other transition metals. This method can also dissolve plutonium dioxide in SF-CO2. The SF-CO2 extraction technology offers several advantages over conventional solvent-based methods including ability to extract radionuclides directly from solids, easy separation of solutes from CO2, and minimization of liquid waste generation. Potential applications of the SF-CO2 extraction technology for nuclear waste treatment and for reprocessing of spent nuclear fuels will be discussed. Information on current demonstrations of the SF-CO2 technology by nuclear companies and research organizations in different countries will be reviewed.

Wai, Chien M.

2003-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

310

Extracting inorganics from scrap tires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Scrap tires contain several inorganic moieties in abundances >0.5% which are impregnated into their carbonaceous matrix. These inorganic species are known to produce acid rain, toxic aerosols, and boiler scale and could produce unwanted catalytic effects as well. It is our position that the potential of recycling scrap tires would be considerably enhanced if the inorganics in question - S, Ca, and Zn - were removed prior to attempts to upgrade the carbonaceous matrix. Using non-mechanical methods, we are attempting to cleave the adherence between the co-polymer matrix and to extract the inorganics. The efficiency of our methods is being measured by wavelength dispersive x-ray spectrometry and by other methods.

Cummings, R.; Wertz, D.L. [Univ. of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, MS (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

311

AVTA: Chrysler Town and Country 2011 Experimental PHEV Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a Chrysler Town and Country PHEV 2011, an experimental model not currently for sale. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

312

Energy data collection as a necessary activity for developing countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper examines the reasons for energy data collection by developing countries and includes an examination of the special requirements of Costa Rica for energy data collection. A primary reason for national data collection is to support the planning function, and this is particularly significant where energy planning and economic development are concerned. Energy data are necessary to support all phases of planning: short-term; mid-term; and long-range and/or strategic planning. These different planning requirements are discussed. Energy data are also necessary to support national management, as well as the economic-development functions. These latter requirements are also discussed briefly.

Loebl, A.S.; Cagle, J.D.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in India  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America. This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in India, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes in India, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial buildings in India.

Evans, Meredydd; Shui, Bin; Somasundaram, Sriram

2009-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

314

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Canada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America . This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Canada, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial and residential buildings in Canada.

Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd

2009-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

315

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in China, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope and HVAC) for commercial and residential buildings in China.

Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd; Lin, H.; Jiang, Wei; Liu, Bing; Song, Bo; Somasundaram, Sriram

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

316

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Australia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Australia, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial and residential buildings in Australia.

Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd; Somasundaram, Sriram

2009-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

317

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Japan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Japan, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial and residential buildings in Japan.

Evans, Meredydd; Shui, Bin; Takagi, T.

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

318

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Korea  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Korea, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial buildings in Korea.

Evans, Meredydd; McJeon, Haewon C.; Shui, Bin; Lee, Seung Eon

2009-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

319

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in U.S., including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial and residential buildings in the U.S.

Halverson, Mark A.; Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

320

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael SchaalNovember 26, 2008 (Next1,Product: Total CrudeCountry:

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "foreign countries extraction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

BLM Color Country District Office | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 EastMaine: EnergyAustin Energy Place: TexasAvoyellesdeAProtocolDistrictCountry

322

REDD+ Country Readiness Preparation Proposals | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant of Access Permit5-ID-aREC Solar Jump to: navigation,Country

323

Georgia Natural Gas Imports from All Countries (Million Cubic Feet)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecemberSteam Coal Import96NebraskaWellsFoot) Yearfrom All Countries (Million

324

US EIA Country Energy Profiles | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop,Save Energy Now Jump to:Development ReportsAssessmentsbyEIA Country

325

Combined transuranic-strontium extraction process  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The transuranic (TRU) elements neptunium, plutonium and americium can be separated together with strontium from nitric acid waste solutions in a single process. An extractant solution of a crown ether and an alkyl(phenyl)-N,N-dialkylcarbanylmethylphosphine oxide in an appropriate diluent will extract the TRU's together with strontium, uranium and technetium. The TRU's and the strontium can then be selectively stripped from the extractant for disposal.

Horwitz, E. Philip (Naperville, IL); Dietz, Mark L. (Evanston, IL)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Combined transuranic-strontium extraction process  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The transuranic (TRU) elements neptunium, plutonium and americium can be separated together with strontium from nitric acid waste solutions in a single process. An extractant solution of a crown ether and an alkyl(phenyl)-N,N-dialkylcarbanylmethylphosphine oxide in an appropriate diluent will extract the TRU's together with strontium, uranium and technetium. The TRU's and the strontium can then be selectively stripped from the extractant for disposal. 3 figs.

Horwitz, E.P.; Dietz, M.L.

1992-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

327

Combined transuranic-strontium extraction process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The transuranic (TRU) elements neptunium, plutonium and amercium can be separated together with strontium from nitric acid waste solutions in a single process. An extractant solution of a crown ether and an alkyl(phenyl)-N.N-dialkylcarbanylmethylphosphine oxide in an appropriate diluent will extract the TRU`s to gather with strontium, uranium and technetium. The TRU`s and the strontium can then be selectively stripped from the extractant for disposal.

Horwitz, E.P.; Dietz, M.L.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

328

Optimal foreign borrowing in a multisector dynamic equilibrium model for Brazil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper shows how a dynamic multisector equilibrium model can be formulated to be able to analyze the optimal borrowing policy of a developing country. It also describes how a non-linear programming model with the ...

Tourinho, Octv?io A. F.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

BUSINESS CYCLES, FISCAL STABILIZATION AND VERTICAL FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT: ESSAYS IN INTERNATIONAL MACROECONOMICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

find labor market distortions to be crucial in accounting for the episode, suggesting that the policies of the time were well targeted and effective. The third chapter of my dissertation studies policy coordination in a two-country framework allowing...

Kersting, Erasmus K.

2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

330

International regulation of official trade finance : competition and collusion in export credits and foreign aid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advanced industrial countries provide over $120 billion annually on various terms and conditions to support exports and investments abroad. The regime governing these official trade finance (OTF) flows has puzzling features. ...

Evans, Peter C

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Determination of Extractives in Biomass: Laboratory Analytical...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Extractives in Biomass Laboratory Analytical Procedure (LAP) Issue Date: 7172005 A. Sluiter, R. Ruiz, C. Scarlata, J. Sluiter, and D. Templeton Technical Report NRELTP-510-42619...

332

Aqueous Enzymatic Extraction Of Wheat Germ Oil.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The objective of this study is to investigate the aqueous enzymatic extraction of wheat germ oil. Four enzymes (Viscozyme L, Multifect CX 13l, Multifect CX… (more)

Xie, Meizhen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- Technologies for Extracting...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Technologies for Extracting Valuable Metals and Compounds from Geothermal Fluids Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site Map | Contact Us HomeBasic Search About...

334

Accelerated solvent extraction of petroleum contaminated sediments.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Attempts have been made in recent years to find acceptable alternatives to classical soxhlet extraction of petroleum contaminated sediments. One such method that is very… (more)

Bauguss, Jeffery Lynn

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Stay Rates of Foreign Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities, 2007  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Study of the stay rate in the United States of foreign nationals receiving their S/E doctorates from U.S. universities. This study has estimated stay rates in 2007 for persons receiving a doctorate one, two, five, and ten years previously. The two-year stay rate (for 2005 graduates) recovered from the decline experienced earlier in the decade. The five-year stay rate (for 2002 graduates) is lower; the ten-year stay rate (for 1997 graduates) reached a new high.

Dr. Michael G. Finn

2010-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

336

The diplomatic corps in Paris and Napoleon III: his role in foreign policy, 1848-1859  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). Aubry re- cognizes Napoleon III's passion for secret diplomacy en- couraged the ministerial confusion which hopelessly snarled cabinet cooperation. Lacking a Colbert, Talleyrand, Fouche, or Ney, Napo1eon III attempted to manaoe foreign policy... re- organization. Nith the ghosts of the Napoleonic wars dancing in his head, Hubner decr i ed the coup d ' eta t as the 16 army' s victory. Stri kino a di f ferent note, Ilesse1r ode expressed modest pleasure at the coun. Since it ended a...

Vincent, Ronald Gordon

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Microsoft PowerPoint - 8_Martyn_NMMSS_2013_Foreign Obligations.pptx  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartmentNationalRestart of the Review ofElectronic Input Options Gary L.Martyn Foreign

338

Table 10 Costs of Foreign Travel, IG-0397 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security AdministrationcontrollerNanocrystallineForeign ObjectOUR Table 1. Summary statistics for natural

339

The impact and potential role of multinational corporations in achieving sustainability in Latin American countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis aims to assess the activities and influence of automotive multinational corporations (MNCs) in developing countries as it relates to the concept of "total sustainability" within three countries: Argentina, ...

Atencio, Charles V. (Charles Victor)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Economic freedom in Muslim countries: an explanation using the theory of institutional path dependency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Economic freedom in Muslim countries: an explanation using the theory of institutional path dependency Abstract. This article explains the level of economic freedom in Muslim countries through, on the world of institutional possibilities. Keywords Economic freedom, colonisation, imaginary, Islam

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "foreign countries extraction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Guilty by stereotypic association: Country animosity and brand prejudice and discrimination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

between country image and brand image (Han 1989). The CoO ofperceptions of the brands’ image. As advocated in previousR. W. (2007). Country image and consumer-based brand equity:

Russell, Cristel Antonia; Russell, Dale W.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Alternative Energy Development in Indian Country: Lighting the Way for the Seventh Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studies increasingly show that Indian country may be uniquely positioned to develop alternative energy. Indian country in general constitutes a significant portion of land in the United States. In recognition of the increasing interest...

Kronk, Elizabeth Ann

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Fact #836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fact 836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of U.S. Petroleum Imports - Dataset Fact 836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly...

344

Electricity Sector Reform in Developing Countries: A Survey of Empirical Evidence on Determinants and Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper reviews the empirical evidence on electricity reform in developing countries. We find that country institutions and sector governance play an important role in success and failure of reform; reforms appear to have increased operating...

Jamasb, Tooraj; Mota, Raffaella L; Newbery, David; Pollitt, Michael G.

2004-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

345

The contribution of mobile telecommunication technology to sustainable development in selected countries in Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

While most of the world's population resides in countries that are wealthy or developing, the rest reside in low-income and least developed countries (LDCs), left behind and growing more disconnected. At the same time, ...

Shih, Alexander (Alexander En-Tzu)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Multisolvent successive extractive refining of coal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A selected group of commercial solvents, namely, anthracene oil (AO), ethylenediamine (EDA), and liquid paraffin (LP), were used for successive extraction of Assam coal. Hot AO provided a wide range of mixed solvents that dissociate chemically and interact favorably with dissociated and undissociated coal macromolecules (like dissolves like). This resulted in the enhancement of the EDA extractability of the AO-pretreated residual coal. EDA is a good swelling solvent and results in physical dissociation of coal molecules. The residual coal obtained after EDA extraction was subjected to extraction with LP, an H-donor, high-boiling (330--360 C) solvent. LP thermally dissociates coal macromolecules and interacts with the coal at its plastic stage at the free radical pockets. The mechanism and molecular dynamics of the multisolvent successive extraction of Assam coal using AO-EDA-LP solvents are discussed. In early attempts, successive extractions did not modify the extraction yield in the single solvent showing the maximum extraction. However, the AO-EDA-LP extraction resulted in the extraction of 70% coal, more than for any of the individual solvents used. Therefore, AO-EDA-LP extraction of coal affords a process yielding a superclean, high-heating value fuel from coal under milder conditions. Several uses of superclean coal have been recommended. Present studies have revealed a new concept concerning the structure of coal having 30% polyaromatic condensed entangled rings and 70% triaromatic-heterocyclic-naphthenic-aliphatic structure. The insolubility of coal is due to the polyfunctional-heterocyclic-condensed structure having a polyaromatic core with intermacromolecular entanglements.

Sharma, D.K.; Singh, S.K. [Indian Inst. of Tech., New Delhi (India)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Singapore's Economic Balancing Act: How a Company's Collapse Challenged the Country's New Corporate Governance Regime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE COUNTRY'S NEW CORPORATE GOVERNANCE REGIME Sam RosemeON SINGAPORE'S CORPORATE GOVERNANCE REGIME . A.CORPORATE GOVERNANCE .. B. CHINA'S

Roseme, Sam

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Do corporate political strategies differ from one country to The case of France and Britain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Do corporate political strategies differ from one country to the next ? The case of France in particular to determine if corporate political actions differ from one country to the next. To answer. Then, variance analysis is used to modelize corporate political strategies in both countries. Keywords

Boyer, Edmond

349

State-of-the-Art of Fast Pyrolysis in IEA Bioenergy Member Countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fast pyrolysis of biomass is becoming increasingly important in some member countries of the International Energy Agency(IEA). Six countries have joined the IEA Task 34 of the Bioenergy Activity: Canada, Finland, Germany, Netherlands, UK, and USA. The National Task Leaders give an overview of the current activities in their countries both on research, pilot and demonstration level.

Meier, Dietrich; van de Beld, Bert; Bridgwater, Anthony V.; Elliott, Douglas C.; Oasmaa, Anja; Preto, Fernando

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Summary of Topic1 Fusion Power Extraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extraction and Tritium Fuel Cycle · What choices are available for material, coolant, breeder, configuration availability of external tritium supply? #12;FW/Blanket concepts for fusion power extraction and tritium&D and facilities strongly overlap RAFM Steel PbLi Breeder Helium Cooled Ceramic Breeder Beryllium Helium Cooled Pb

Abdou, Mohamed

351

Cheaper oil extraction Taking a closer look  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solvent for commercial-scale enhanced oil recovery to increase the amount of crude oil that canCONTENTS Cheaper oil extraction Taking a closer look at the eye Computational Science takes inside for more details #12;Greener, cheaper oil extraction Geographical and geological concerns

352

Session 6: Magma Energy: Engineering Feasibility of Energy Extraction from Magma Bodies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Extensive quantities of high-quality energy are estimated to be available from molten magma bodies existing within 10 Km of the US continent's surface. A five-year study sponsored by DOE/BES demonstrated that extraction of energy from these melts was scientifically feasible. The next stage of assessment is to evaluate the engineering feasibility of energy extraction and provide a preliminary economic evaluation. Should the second step demonstrate engineering feasibility, the third step would include detailed economic, market and commercialization endeavors. Evaluation of the engineering feasibility will be initiated in FY 84 in a program supported by DOE/GHTD and managed by Dave Allen. The project will be managed by Sandia Labs in James Kelsey's Geothermal Technology Development Division. The project will continue to draw on expertise throughout the country, especially the scientific base established in the previous BES Magma Energy Program.

Traeger, R.K.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Modified Extraction Scheme for the CERN PS Multi-Turn Extraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-activation of the extraction magnetic septum of the CERN PS machine was observed due to the losses of the continuous beam extracted via the Multi-Turn Extraction (MTE) method. A possible mitigation measure consists of using an existing electrostatic septum, located upstream of the extraction magnetic septum, to deflect the beam. This would highly decrease the beam losses, and hence the induced activation, during the rise time of the MTE kickers due to the reduced thickness of the electrostatic septum with respect to the magnetic one. The layout of this new extraction will be described in detail and the results of beam measurements presented.

Gilardoni, S; Hernalsteens, C; Lachaize, A; Métral, G

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Remediating pesticide contaminated soils using solvent extraction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bench-scale solvent extraction studies were performed on soil samples obtained from a Superfund site contaminated with high levels of p,p{prime}-DDT, p,p{prime}-DDE and toxaphene. The effectiveness of the solvent extraction process was assessed using methanol and 2-propanol as solvents over a wide range of operating conditions. It was demonstrated that a six-stage methanol extraction using a solvent-to-soil ratio of 1.6 can decrease pesticide levels in the soil by more than 99% and reduce the volume of material requiring further treatment by 25 times or more. The high solubility of the pesticides in methanol resulted in rapid extraction rates, with the system reaching quasi-equilibrium state in 30 minutes. The extraction efficiency was influenced by the number of extraction stages, the solvent-to-soil ratio, and the soil moisture content. Various methods were investigated to regenerate and recycle the solvent. Evaporation and solvent stripping are low cost and reliable methods for removing high pesticide concentrations from the solvent. For low concentrations, GAC adsorption may be used. Precipitating and filtering pesticides by adding water to the methanol/pesticide solution was not successful when tested with soil extracts. 26 refs., 10 figs., 6 tabs.

Sahle-Demessie, E.; Meckes, M.C.; Richardson, T.L. [National Management Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

355

Fluidized bed gasification of extracted coal  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Coal or similar carbonaceous solids are extracted by contacting the solids in an extraction zone (12) with an aqueous solution having a pH above 12.0 at a temperature between 65.degree. C. and 110.degree. C. for a period of time sufficient to remove bitumens from the coal into said aqueous solution and the extracted solids are then gasified at an elevated pressure and temperature in a fluidized bed gasification zone (60) wherein the density of the fluidized bed is maintained at a value above 160 kg/m.sup.3. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, water is removed from the aqueous solution in order to redeposit the extracted bitumens onto the solids prior to the gasification step.

Aquino, Dolores C. (Houston, TX); DaPrato, Philip L. (Westfield, NJ); Gouker, Toby R. (Baton Rouge, LA); Knoer, Peter (Houston, TX)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Fluidized bed gasification of extracted coal  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Coal or similar carbonaceous solids are extracted by contacting the solids in an extraction zone with an aqueous solution having a pH above 12.0 at a temperature between 65/sup 0/C and 110/sup 0/C for a period of time sufficient to remove bitumens from the coal into said aqueous solution, and the extracted solids are then gasified at an elevated pressure and temperature in a fluidized bed gasification zone (60) wherein the density of the fluidized bed is maintained at a value above 160 kg/m/sup 3/. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, water is removed from the aqueous solution in order to redeposit the extracted bitumens onto the solids prior to the gasification step. 2 figs., 1 tab.

Aquino, D.C.; DaPrato, P.L.; Gouker, T.R.; Knoer, P.

1984-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

357

Extracting secret keys from integrated circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modern cryptographic protocols are based on the premise that only authorized participants can obtain secret keys and access to information systems. However, various kinds of tampering methods have been devised to extract ...

Lim, Daihyun, 1976-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Extraction Steam Controls at EPLA-W  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ExxonMobil's Baton Rouge site encompasses a world-scale refinery, chemical plant and third party power station. Historically, inflexible and unreliable control systems on two high-pressure, extracting/condensing steam turbines prevented the site...

Brinker, J. L.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Information Extraction from Voicemail Transcripts Martin Jansche  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Information Extraction from Voicemail Transcripts Martin Jansche Department of Linguistics The Ohio State University Columbus, OH 43210, USA jansche.1@osu.edu Steven P. Abney AT&T Labs ­ Research 180 Park

Abney, Steven P.

360

ECG Feature Extraction Techniques - A Survey Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECG Feature Extraction plays a significant role in diagnosing most of the cardiac diseases. One cardiac cycle in an ECG signal consists of the P-QRS-T waves. This feature extraction scheme determines the amplitudes and intervals in the ECG signal for subsequent analysis. The amplitudes and intervals value of P-QRS-T segment determines the functioning of heart of every human. Recently, numerous research and techniques have been developed for analyzing the ECG signal. The proposed schemes were mostly based on Fuzzy Logic Methods, Artificial Neural Networks (ANN), Genetic Algorithm (GA), Support Vector Machines (SVM), and other Signal Analysis techniques. All these techniques and algorithms have their advantages and limitations. This proposed paper discusses various techniques and transformations proposed earlier in literature for extracting feature from an ECG signal. In addition this paper also provides a comparative study of various methods proposed by researchers in extracting the feature from ECG signal.

Karpagachelvi, S; Sivakumar, M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "foreign countries extraction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

The Challenge of Limiting Greenhouse Gas Emissions Through Activities implemented Jointly in Developing Countries: A Brazilian Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

renewable energy is greater than in industrialized of these technologies in developing countriesin developing countries. such as renewable energydeveloping encourage development investments countries. in Appropriate energy mitigation renewable

La Rovere, Emilio Lebre

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

The Factors Affecting the Location of Foreign Direct Investment by U.S. Companies Pre and Post 9-11  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research examines the motivational factors that influence the location of U.S. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in a post 9-11 world. Market factors, in the past, have been a dominant motivation in choosing a location for investment. Political...

Newton, Brent Alexander; Mileski, Joan P.

2008-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

367

Aromatics Extraction Plant Design Using Synthesis Techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to extract an aromatics stream from a C 6 -C o heart cut of hydrogenated pyrolysis gasoline, leaving a raffinate containing paraffins and naphthenes. The Distillation Section distills the aromatics stream into high purity benzene, toluene, and Co... aromatics and a stream of C g and heavier Rromatics. Figure 1 shows the major flows and equipment relevant to this study. A lean solvent extracts the aromatics from the feed in the Extractor and the nonaromatic raffinate is sent to battery limits...

Wilcox, R. J.; Nedwick, R.

368

Alkaline earth cation extraction from acid solution  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An extractant medium for extracting alkaline earth cations from an aqueous acidic sample solution is described as are a method and apparatus for using the same. The separation medium is free of diluent, free-flowing and particulate, and comprises a Crown ether that is a 4,4'(5')[C.sub.4 -C.sub.8 -alkylcyclohexano]18-Crown-6 dispersed on an inert substrate material.

Dietz, Mark (Elmhurst, IL); Horwitz, E. Philip (Naperville, IL)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Identification of threats using linguistics-based knowledge extraction.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the challenges increasingly facing intelligence analysts, along with professionals in many other fields, is the vast amount of data which needs to be reviewed and converted into meaningful information, and ultimately into rational, wise decisions by policy makers. The advent of the world wide web (WWW) has magnified this challenge. A key hypothesis which has guided us is that threats come from ideas (or ideology), and ideas are almost always put into writing before the threats materialize. While in the past the 'writing' might have taken the form of pamphlets or books, today's medium of choice is the WWW, precisely because it is a decentralized, flexible, and low-cost method of reaching a wide audience. However, a factor which complicates matters for the analyst is that material published on the WWW may be in any of a large number of languages. In 'Identification of Threats Using Linguistics-Based Knowledge Extraction', we have sought to use Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) and other similar text analysis techniques to map documents from the WWW, in whatever language they were originally written, to a common language-independent vector-based representation. This then opens up a number of possibilities. First, similar documents can be found across language boundaries. Secondly, a set of documents in multiple languages can be visualized in a graphical representation. These alone offer potentially useful tools and capabilities to the intelligence analyst whose knowledge of foreign languages may be limited. Finally, we can test the over-arching hypothesis--that ideology, and more specifically ideology which represents a threat, can be detected solely from the words which express the ideology--by using the vector-based representation of documents to predict additional features (such as the ideology) within a framework based on supervised learning. In this report, we present the results of a three-year project of the same name. We believe these results clearly demonstrate the general feasibility of an approach such as that outlined above. Nevertheless, there are obstacles which must still be overcome, relating primarily to how 'ideology' should be defined. We discuss these and point to possible solutions.

Chew, Peter A.

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

CERNA WORKING PAPER SERIES Does foreign environmental policy influence domestic innovation ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

renewable energy policies on innovation activity in wind power using patent data from OECD countries from energy policies, wind power Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment, London papers show that higher energy prices induce innovation in energy-efficient technologies (Newell et al

Boyer, Edmond

371

COMPARATIVE STUDY REGARDING THE EVOLUTION OF THE FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE REGION'S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Iulia, Alba, Romania Summary: In this paper, we question whether there is a catch-up effect countries. We study FDI outflows for Romania, a small economy with few historical ties to Eastern Europe, Alba Iulia 2006., Alba Iulia : Romania (2006)" #12;Comparative Study regarding the Evolution

Boyer, Edmond

372

Enhanced Geothermal in Nevada: Extracting Heat From the Earth...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Enhanced Geothermal in Nevada: Extracting Heat From the Earth to Generate Sustainable Power Enhanced Geothermal in Nevada: Extracting Heat From the Earth to Generate Sustainable...

373

Extracting and Using Data From Tracking Systems | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Extracting and Using Data From Tracking Systems Extracting and Using Data From Tracking Systems Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Data and Evaluation Peer Exchange Call:...

374

Investigation of magnetic nanoparticles for the rapid extraction...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

nanoparticles for the rapid extraction and assay of alpha-emitting radionuclides from urine: Investigation of magnetic nanoparticles for the rapid extraction and assay of...

375

Energy profiles of selected Latin American and Caribbean countries. Report series No. 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Countries in this report include Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. These ten countries are the most important oil and gas producers in the Latin American and the Caribbean region. In the following sections, the primary energy supply (oil, gas, coal, hydroelectricity, and nuclear power whenever they are applicable), primary energy consumption, downstream oil sector development, gas utilization are discussed for each of the ten countries. The report also presents our latest forecasts of petroleum product consumption in each country toward 2000, which form the basis of the outlook for regional energy production and consumption outlined in Report No 1. Since the bulk of primary energy supply and demand is hydrocarbons for many countries, brief descriptions of the important hydrocarbons policy issues are provided at the end of the each country sections.

Wu, K.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Simple open economy macro with comprehensive accounting: a two country model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-economy models, there is a cr ucial difference: Taylor still assumes endogenously determined interest rates. 4 SFC is the expression coined by Dos Santos (2002). 4 Table 1: Transaction and balance sheet matrices of a simplified economy with capital... by the residents of either country. Since transactions by agents in the $ country are all measured in $ cu rrency, while transactions in the # country are measured in the # currency, all cr oss border transactions must be converted from one currency to the other...

Godley, Wynne; Lavoie, Marc

377

Sustainable solutions for solid waste management in Southeast Asian countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Human activities generate waste and the amounts tend to increase as the demand for quality of life increases. Today's rate in the Southeast Asian Nations (ASEANs) is alarming, posing a challenge to governments regarding environmental pollution in the recent years. The expectation is that eventually waste treatment and waste prevention approaches will develop towards sustainable waste management solutions. This expectation is for instance reflected in the term 'zero emission systems'. The concept of zero emissions can be applied successfully with today's technical possibilities in the agro-based processing industry. First, the state-of-the-art of waste management in Southeast Asian countries will be outlined in this paper, followed by waste generation rates, sources, and composition, as well as future trends of waste. Further on, solutions for solid waste management will be reviewed in the discussions of sustainable waste management. The paper emphasizes the concept of waste prevention through utilization of all wastes as process inputs, leading to the possibility of creating an ecosystem in a loop of materials. Also, a case study, focusing on the citrus processing industry, is displayed to illustrate the application of the aggregated material input-output model in a widespread processing industry in ASEAN. The model can be shown as a closed cluster, which permits an identification of opportunities for reducing environmental impacts at the process level in the food processing industry. Throughout the discussion in this paper, the utilization of renewable energy and economic aspects are considered to adapt to environmental and economic issues and the aim of eco-efficiency. Additionally, the opportunities and constraints of waste management will be discussed.

Uyen Nguyen Ngoc [Institute for Process Engineering (IPE), Graz University of Technology, Inffeldgasse 21a, A8010 Graz (Austria)], E-mail: utemvnn2003@yahoo.com; Schnitzer, Hans [Institute for Process Engineering (IPE), Graz University of Technology, Inffeldgasse 21a, A8010 Graz (Austria)

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

378

E-Print Network 3.0 - african countries implications Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Restoration Technologies 2 The lecture will take place Tuesday June 21st 2011 Summary: sustainable development and poverty reduction strategies in African countries. During the...

379

E-Print Network 3.0 - andsome asian countries Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Biology and Medicine 2 Awakening the New "Sleeping Giant"? Asian American Political Engagement Summary: across the country. LEAP's mission is to achieve full...

380

Tina Esh and Illith Rosenblum's Touism in Developing Countries- Trick or Treat?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COUNTRIES - TRICK OR TREAT? by Tira Esh and lllith ~senblun,of the report, 'Trick or Treat? ' oould not the.J;efore be

Migot-Adholla, S.E.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "foreign countries extraction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

E-Print Network 3.0 - availability--market economy countries...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

world economy. In each country, a representative consumer... Asian economies, such as ASEAN and China, benefit from the fact that ... Source: Paris-Sud XI, Universit de -...

382

E-Print Network 3.0 - apec member countries Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

perceptions of China. However, these countries have... of the organisation was given to ASEAN. The 27 members ... Source: Frean, Marcus - School of Mathematical and Computing...

383

Performance Measurement in the Road Sector: A Cross-Country Review...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Region(s): Asia, Europe, Australia & North America This report focuses on reviewing performance requirements and indicators established by developed countries worldwide....

384

International Experiences and Frameworks to Support Country-Driven Low-Emissions Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Countries can use low-emission development strategies (LEDS) to advance sustainable development, promote private-sector growth, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This paper proposes a framework -- or support infrastructure -- to enable the efficient exchange of LEDS-related knowledge and technical assistance. Under the proposed framework, countries share LEDS-related resources via coordinating forums, 'knowledge platforms,' and networks of experts and investors. The virtual 'knowledge platforms' foster learning by allowing countries to communicate with each other and share technical reports, data, and analysis tools in support of LEDS development. Investing in all elements of the framework in an integrated fashion increases the efficacy of support for country-driven LEDS.

Benioff, R.; Cochran, J.; Cox, S.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Coveted Lands: Agriculture, Timber, Mining, and Transportation in Cherokee Country Before and After Removal.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Covering a period from approximately 1779 to 1850, this dissertation studies natural resources and land use in Cherokee country before and after forced Cherokee removal… (more)

Rozema, Vicki Bell

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

E-Print Network 3.0 - america country update Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

an update Activity 1 Market requirements for Summary: that include Russia, countries in Africa and Southeast Asia, as well as those in South America. One... America, 20 percent...

387

Approaches used for Clearance of Lands from Nuclear Facilities among Several Countries: Evaluation for Regulatory Input  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The study entitled, “Approaches used for Clearance of Lands from Nuclear Facilities among Several Countries: Evaluation for Regulatory Input,” focuses on the issue of showing compliance with given...

388

Evaluating socio-economic state of a country analyzing airtime credit and mobile phone datasets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliable statistical information is important to make political decisions on a sound basis and to help measure the impact of policies. Unfortunately, statistics offices in developing countries have scarce resources and statistical censuses are therefore conducted sporadically. Based on mobile phone communications and history of airtime credit purchases, we estimate the relative income of individuals, the diversity and inequality of income, and an indicator for socioeconomic segregation for fine-grained regions of an African country. Our study shows how to use mobile phone datasets as a starting point to understand the socio-economic state of a country, which can be especially useful in countries with few resources to conduct large surveys.

Gutierrez, Thoralf; Blondel, Vincent D

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)1 Ethiopia Specific Documents2 Honduras Specific Documents3...

390

11.701 Introduction to Planning and Institutional Processes in Developing Countries, Fall 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The planning process in developing countries. Interaction between planners and institutions at both national and local levels. Overview of theories of state, organizational arrangements, implementation mechanisms, and ...

Sanyal, Bishwapriya

391

The implementation of micro hydro projects in remote villages in developing countries: An interdisciplinary approach.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??An established body of literature now exists in the field of rural electrification projects in developing countries. Much of this literature has focused on the… (more)

Murni, Sari

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Country analysis briefs: 1994. Profiles of major world energy producers, consumers, and transport centers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Country Analysis Briefs: 1994 is a compilation of country profiles prepared by the Energy Markets and Contingency Information Division (EMCID) of the Office of Energy Markets and End Use. EMCID maintains Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries or geographical areas that are important to world energy markets. As a general rule, CABs are prepared for all members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major non-OPEC oil producers (i.e., the North Sea, Russia), major energy transit areas (i.e., Ukraine), and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers. As of January 1995, EMCID maintained over 40 CABs, updated on an annual schedule and subject to revision as events warrant. This report includes 25 CABs updated during 1994. All CABs contain a profile section, a map showing the country`s location, and a narrative section. The profile section includes outlines of the country`s economy, energy sector, and environment. The narrative provides further information and discussion of these topics. Some CABs also include a detailed map displaying locations of major oil and gas fields, pipelines, ports, etc. These maps were created as a result of special individual requests and so are not typically a standard feature of the CABs. They are presented here wherever available as a supplement to the information contained in the CABs.

NONE

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Climate change technology transfer to developing countries: evidence analysis and policy recommendations.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Developing countries are experiencing unprecedented levels of economic growth. As a result, they will be responsible for most of the future growth in energy demand… (more)

Pueyo Velasco, Ana

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

E-Print Network 3.0 - arab countries Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Frank Diehl University of Cambridge... countries Many dialects: Egyptian Arabic (Egypt, perhaps the most widely understood variety) Maghrebi Arabic... constitutes the...

395

Motorcycle safety in developing countries : a case study of Maoming, China .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In the past few decades, the number of motorcycles has grown rapidly in developing countries; therefore, motorcycle safety has increasingly become a critical issue, particularly… (more)

Wu, Yuhao, Connor

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Reexamination of Pure Qubit Work Extraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many work extraction or information erasure processes in the literature involve the raising and lowering of energy levels via external fields. But even if the actual system is treated quantum mechanically, the field is assumed to be classical and of infinite strength, hence not developing any correlations with the system or experiencing back-actions. We extend these considerations to a fully quantum mechanical treatment, by studying a spin-1/2 particle coupled to a finite-sized directional quantum reference frame, a spin-l system, which models an external field. With this concrete model together with a bosonic thermal bath, we analyse the back-action a finite-size field suffers during a quantum-mechanical work extraction process, the effect this has on the extractable work, and highlight a range of assumptions commonly made when considering such processes. The well-known semi-classical treatment of work extraction from a pure qubit predicts a maximum extractable work W = kT log 2 for a quasi-static process, which holds as a strict upper bound in the fully quantum mechanical case, and is only attained in the classical limit. We also address the problem of emergent local time-dependence in a joint system with globally fixed Hamiltonian.

Max F. Frenzel; David Jennings; Terry Rudolph

2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

397

PAPER 2004-028 The Effect of Bitumen Extraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 PAPER 2004-028 The Effect of Bitumen Extraction Shear Conditions on Froth Treatment Performance U processing: extraction and froth treatment. The most common extraction process is hot water bitumen extraction where bitumen is produced in a froth consisting of bitumen, water, and inorganic solids. The froth

Schramm, Laurier L.

398

Hierarchical Iso-Surface Extraction Computer Graphics Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hierarchical Iso-Surface Extraction Ulf Labsik Computer Graphics Group University of Erlangen Kai of our hierarchical iso-surface extraction algorithm. Abstract The extraction and display of iso construct a hierarchy of volumes and extract an iso-surface from the coarsest resolution with a standard

Desbrun, Mathieu

399

Ethanol extraction of phytosterols from corn fiber  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a process for extracting sterols from a high solids, thermochemically hydrolyzed corn fiber using ethanol as the extractant. The process includes obtaining a corn fiber slurry having a moisture content from about 20 weight percent to about 50 weight percent solids (high solids content), thermochemically processing the corn fiber slurry having high solids content of 20 to 50% to produce a hydrolyzed corn fiber slurry, dewatering the hydrolyzed corn fiber slurry to achieve a residual corn fiber having a moisture content from about 30 to 80 weight percent solids, washing the residual corn fiber, dewatering the washed, hydrolyzed corn fiber slurry to achieve a residual corn fiber having a moisture content from about 30 to 80 weight percent solids, and extracting the residual corn fiber with ethanol and separating at least one sterol.

Abbas, Charles (Champaign, IL); Beery, Kyle E. (Decatur, IL); Binder, Thomas P. (Decatur, IL); Rammelsberg, Anne M. (Decatur, IL)

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

400

Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) R&D Program, Status Report: Foreign Research on Enhanced Geothermal Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report reviews enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) research outside the United States. The term ''enhanced geothermal systems'' refers to the use of advanced technology to extract heat energy from underground in areas with higher than average heat flow but where the natural permeability or fluid content is limited. EGS covers the spectrum of geothermal resources from low permeability hydrothermal to hot dry rock.

McLarty, Lynn; Entingh, Daniel

2000-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "foreign countries extraction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

The effect of direct foreign investment and gross domestic investment on Indian development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

&M University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. W. Alex McIntosh To critically assess policy initiatives favoring a transition to a market economy requires examining economic changes in a country. Capitalist development implies continually transforming... is to understand economic changes in the Indian economy, and how an outward-looking economic policy is superior to an inward-looking economic policy for India's development process. Results of the study indicate that the counterrevolution model fits extremely...

Parikh, Sushrut Jitendra

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Petroleum resources of Libya, Algeria, and Egypt. Foreign energy supply assessment series  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Part 1 of the report is a synopsis of each country's location, its exploration and development history, crude oil field production history, and markets. Part 2 discusses the production and reserve characteristics of the oil fields and status of the known crude oil resources. Part 3 provides an assessment of the ultimately recoverable crude oil and the possible future rate of availability of the crude oil. Part 4 discusses the status of the known and undiscovered natural gas resources, production, and markets. Part 5 is an overview of the petroleum geology of the three countries and the physical characteristics of their crude oils. Appendix A presents an annual resume of historical production by field and by basin for Libya; Appendix B shows the historical production by field and by basin for Algeria; Appendix C shows the historical production by field and by basin for Egypt; Appendix D provides production tables for each country. Data presented in Appendixes A through D are derived mostly from the April 1982 publication, Libya, Algeria and Egypt-Crude Oil Potential From Known Deposits DOE/EIA-0338, by William D. Dietzman, Naim R. Rafidi, and Thomas A. Ross. Appendix E is a geologic timetable.

Not Available

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Marketing Compost A Guide for Compost Producers in Low and Middle-Income Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Marketing Compost A Guide for Compost Producers in Low and Middle-Income Countries Sandec #12;Marketing Compost A Guide for Compost Producers in Low and Middle-Income Countries Jonathan Rouse Introduction 7 2 Background 11 2.1 What is marketing? 11 2.2 Why is marketing important for compost producers

Wehrli, Bernhard

404

Economic Volatility: Does Financial Development, Openness and Institutional Quality Matter In Case of ASEAN 5 Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In Case of ASEAN 5 Countries Hazman Samsudin 1,2* 1 PhD in Economics student at Faculty of Business along with the role of institutional quality in ASEAN-5 countries namely Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. In recent years ASEAN-5 have been subjected to rapid economic growth

405

Wind Energy in Indian Country: Turning to Wind for the Seventh Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind Energy in Indian Country: Turning to Wind for the Seventh Generation by Andrew D. Mills: ___________________________________________ Jane Stahlhut Date #12;Wind Energy in Indian Country A.D. Mills Abstract - ii - Abstract Utility-scale wind projects are increasingly being developed in rural areas of the United States. In the West

Kammen, Daniel M.

406

Time-varying Predictability in Crude Oil Markets: The Case of GCC Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the dynamic behavior of crude-oil prices for the period 1997-2008. Using data from four countries of the GulfTime-varying Predictability in Crude Oil Markets: The Case of GCC Countries Mohamed El Hedi Arouri Paris, France Phone: +33 1 40 53 99 99 ­ Fax: +33 1 40 53 98 98 Abstract This paper uses a time

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

407

National climate change action plans: Interim report for developing and transition countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under its Support for National Action Plans (SNAP) initiative, the U.S. Country Studies Program is providing financial and technical assistance to 18 countries for the development of climate change action plans. Although most of the countries have not yet completed their plans, the important lessons learned thus far are valuable and should be shared with other countries and international institutions that have an interest in the process of action plan development. This interim report describes the experience of 11 countries that are the furthest along in their planning activity and who have offered to share their results to date with the larger community of interested nations. These action plans delineate specific mitigation and adaptation measures that the countries will implement and integrate into their ongoing development programs. This report focuses on the measures the countries have selected and the methods they used to prepare their action plans. This executive summary presents key lessons and common themes using a structure similar to that used in the individual country chapters.

Benioff, R.; Ness, E.; Hirst, J. [eds.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

With Exhaustible Resources, Can A Developing Country Escape From The Poverty Trap?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With Exhaustible Resources, Can A Developing Country Escape From The Poverty Trap? Cuong Le Van is convex-concave, so that the economy may be locked into a poverty trap. We show that the extent to which the country will escape from the poverty trap depends, besides the interactions between its technology and its

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

409

THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF LABOUR MARKET POLICIES IN WESTERN AND EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF LABOUR MARKET POLICIES IN WESTERN AND EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES OLAF VAN, which is a key element of the flexicurity model. Building on the political economy literature, we test in the political economy literature, but hardly for Eastern European countries, because of a lack of data. We

Galis, Frietson

410

Efficiency in the international insurance industry: A cross-country comparison  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

efficiency, whereas the Philippines is the least efficient. Regarding organizational form, the resultsEfficiency in the international insurance industry: A cross-country comparison Martin Eling und¨AT ULM #12;Efficiency in the international insurance industry: A cross-country comparison Martin Elinga

Ulm, Universität

411

Maritime trade and port evolution in a socialist developing country: Nampo, gateway of North Korea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maritime trade and port evolution in a socialist developing country: Nampo, gateway of North Korea. The study refers to port development issues in the socialist developing countries, in terms of constraints and advantages for ports, and proposes some analysis based on Nampo, the main international trading port city

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

412

Membrane contactor assisted extraction/reaction process employing ionic liquids  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates to a functionalized membrane contactor extraction/reaction system and method for extracting target species from multi-phase solutions utilizing ionic liquids. One preferred embodiment of the invented method and system relates to an extraction/reaction system wherein the ionic liquid extraction solutions act as both extraction solutions and reaction mediums, and allow simultaneous separation/reactions not possible with prior art technology.

Lin, Yupo J. (Naperville, IL); Snyder, Seth W. (Lincolnwood, IL)

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

413

Life Estimation of PWR Steam Generator U-Tubes Subjected to Foreign Object-Induced Fretting Wear  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents an approach to the remaining life prediction of steam generator (SG) U-tubes, which are intact initially, subjected to fretting-wear degradation due to the interaction between a vibrating tube and a foreign object in operating nuclear power plants. The operating SG shell-side flow field conditions are obtained from a three-dimensional SG flow calculation using the ATHOS3 code. Modal analyses are performed for the finite element models of U-tubes to get the natural frequency, corresponding mode shape, and participation factor. The wear rate of a U-tube caused by a foreign object is calculated using the Archard formula, and the remaining life of the tube is predicted. Also discussed in this study are the effects of the tube modal characteristics, external flow velocity, and tube internal pressure on the estimated results of the remaining life of the tube.

Jo, Jong Chull; Jhung, Myung Jo; Kim, Woong Sik; Kim, Hho Jung [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (Korea, Republic of)

2005-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

414

Foreign Language Enrollment Attrition: Exploring the Key Factors of Motivation, Academic Success, Instruction, and Anxiety at the Elementary Level  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1998; Stewart, 2005; Weatherford, 1986). However, proficiency in a second language does not happen overnight. On the contrary, developing a level of proficiency that provides a minimal level of communicative ability for the learner takes many years... one’s L1 was to increase an individual’s “intellectual capacity” (Weatherford, 1986). Now, however, investigators have indicated that studying a foreign language can be beneficial in multiple areas and therefore goes well beyond the notion...

Meyer, Sarah Nicole

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

415

Patterns of intended and actual fertility among subgroups of foreign-born and native-born Latinas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PATTERNS OF INTENDED AND ACTUAL FERTILITY AMONG SUBGROUPS OF FOREIGN-BORN AND NATIVE-BORN LATINAS A Thesis by BRANDI NICOLE BALLARD Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by: ___________________________________ Rogelio Saenz...

Ballard, Brandi Nicole

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

416

Summary report of first and foreign high-level waste repository concepts; Technical report, working draft 001  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reference repository concepts designs adopted by domestic and foreign waste disposal programs are reviewed. Designs fall into three basic categories: deep borehole from the surface; disposal in boreholes drilled from underground excavations; and disposal in horizontal tunnels or drifts. The repository concepts developed in Sweden, Switzerland, Finland, Canada, France, Japan, United Kingdom, Belgium, Italy, Holland, Denmark, West Germany and the United States are described. 140 refs., 315 figs., 19 tabs.

Hanke, P.M.

1987-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

417

Radiation Exposures Associated with Shipments of Foreign Research Reactor Spent Nuclear Fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experience has shown that the analyses of marine transport of spent fuel in the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) were conservative. It is anticipated that for most shipments. The external dose rate for the loaded transportation cask will be more in line with recent shipments. At the radiation levels associated with these shipments, we would not expect any personnel to exceed radiation exposure limits for the public. Package dose rates usually well below the regulatory limits and personnel work practices following ALARA principles are keeping human exposures to minimal levels. However, the potential for Mure shipments with external dose rates closer to the exclusive-use regulatory limit suggests that DOE should continue to provide a means to assure that individual crew members do not receive doses in excess of the public dose limits. As a minimum, the program will monitor cask dose rates and continue to implement administrative procedures that will maintain records of the dose rates associated with each shipment, the vessel used, and the crew list for the vessel. DOE will continue to include a clause in the contract for shipment of the foreign research reactor spent nuclear fuel requiring that the Mitigation Action Plan be followed.

MASSEY,CHARLES D.; MESSICK,C.E.; MUSTIN,T.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Vapor Extraction Well Performance and Recommendations for Transitioning to Passive Extraction at the Former DUS-II Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This investigation evaluated mass extraction rate from individual wells associated with the Western Sector Treatment System (formerly known as the DUS-II project). This was critical since each individual well can have a radius of influence in excess of 100-ft when operating using an active extraction system. Future soil vapor extraction should use the existing active extraction system, supplemented with deployment of passive extraction where appropriate.

Jackson, Dennis G.; Noonkester, Jay V.; Looney, Brian B.

2013-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

419

Inverse hydrochemical models of aqueous extracts tests  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aqueous extract test is a laboratory technique commonly used to measure the amount of soluble salts of a soil sample after adding a known mass of distilled water. Measured aqueous extract data have to be re-interpreted in order to infer porewater chemical composition of the sample because porewater chemistry changes significantly due to dilution and chemical reactions which take place during extraction. Here we present an inverse hydrochemical model to estimate porewater chemical composition from measured water content, aqueous extract, and mineralogical data. The model accounts for acid-base, redox, aqueous complexation, mineral dissolution/precipitation, gas dissolution/ex-solution, cation exchange and surface complexation reactions, of which are assumed to take place at local equilibrium. It has been solved with INVERSE-CORE{sup 2D} and been tested with bentonite samples taken from FEBEX (Full-scale Engineered Barrier EXperiment) in situ test. The inverse model reproduces most of the measured aqueous data except bicarbonate and provides an effective, flexible and comprehensive method to estimate porewater chemical composition of clays. Main uncertainties are related to kinetic calcite dissolution and variations in CO2(g) pressure.

Zheng, L.; Samper, J.; Montenegro, L.

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

420

Extractable soil phosphorus in Blackland Prairie soils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Texas Agricultural Extension Service (TAEX) Soil Testing Laboratory currently utilizes a single phosphorus (P) extractant consisting of 1.43 M NH4OAc, 1. 0 M HCl, and 0.025 M EDTA-PH 4.2 to estimate plant available P for all soils in Texas...

Byrd, Robert Claude

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "foreign countries extraction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Logical Structure Extraction from Software Requirements Documents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Documents I. INTRODUCTION Requirements management (RM) tools store and manipu- late software requirementsLogical Structure Extraction from Software Requirements Documents Rehan Rauf, Michal Antkiewicz,mantkiew,kczarnec}@gsd.uwaterloo.ca Abstract--Software requirements documents (SRDs) are often authored in general-purpose rich-text editors

Czarnecki, Krzysztof

422

Extracting gluon condensate from the average plaquette  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The perturbative contribution in the average plaquette is subtracted using Borel summation and the remnant of the plaquette is shown to scale as a dim-4 condensate. A critical review is presented of the renormalon subtraction scheme that claimed a dim-2 condensate. The extracted gluon condensate is compared with the latest result employing high order (35-loop) calculation in the stochastic perturbation theory.

Lee, Taekoon

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Extracting Artifact Lifecycle Models from Metadata History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extracting Artifact Lifecycle Models from Metadata History Olga Baysal, Oleksii Kononenko, Reid, Canada {obaysal, okononen, rtholmes, migod}@cs.uwaterloo.ca Abstract--Software developers and managers make decisions based on the understanding they have of their software systems. This understanding

Godfrey, Michael W.

424

Vapour extraction of heavy oil and bitumen  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the process of vapor extraction for the recovery of petroleum and bitumen. The selection of solvent is critical, and it is shown that butane may be a good solvent for shallow reservoirs. Experiments are described in a Hele-Shaw cell and Packed Visual Model.

Das, K.A.; Butler, R.M. [Univ. of Calgary (Canada)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

425

Organic electroluminescent devices having improved light extraction  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Organic electroluminescent devices having improved light extraction include a light-scattering medium disposed adjacent thereto. The light-scattering medium has a light scattering anisotropy parameter g in the range from greater than zero to about 0.99, and a scatterance parameter S less than about 0.22 or greater than about 3.

Shiang, Joseph John (Niskayuna, NY)

2007-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

426

Extraction and Analysis of Facebook Friendship Relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 12 Extraction and Analysis of Facebook Friendship Relations Salvatore Catanese, Pasquale De and Social scientists. We present our long-term research effort in analyzing Facebook, the largest and arguably most successful OSN today: it gathers more than 500 million users. Access to data about Facebook

Ferrara, Emilio

427

Selective solvent extraction of cellulosic material  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Cellulosic products having a high hemicellulose to lignin weight ratio are obtained by extracting a cellulosic composition with basic ethanol-water solution having a pH between about 12 and about 14 at a temperature between about 15 and about 70 C and for a time period between about 2 and about 80 hours. 6 figs.

Wang, D.I.C.; Avgerinos, G.C.

1983-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

428

Selective solvent extraction of cellulosic material  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Cellulosic products having a high hemicellulose to lignin weight ratio are obtained by extracting a cellulosic composition with basic ethanol-water solution having a pH between about 12 and about 14 at a temperature between about 15.degree. and about 70.degree. C. and for a time period between about 2 and about 80 hours.

Wang, Daniel I. C. (Belmont, MA); Avgerinos, George C. (Newton Center, MA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Supercritical Fluid Extraction- Process Simulation and Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SIMULATION P-1 SFE FEED PUMP SUPERCRITICAL FLUID EXTRACTOR (SFE) 2 T-1 10 7 .r D-2 SFE BOnoMS FLASH 9 222 The extract is decanted and fed to the fractionator to recover solvent carbon dioxide overhead and waterlIPA/carbon dioxide out...

Martin, C. L.; Seibert, A. F.

430

Extractive Institutions in Colonial Africa Federico Tadei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of colonies, such indigenous population density and ease of settlement for the coloniz- ers. Finally, I studyExtractive Institutions in Colonial Africa Thesis by Federico Tadei In Partial Fulfillment on prices to agricultural producers and labor institutions in French Africa, I show that (1

Winfree, Erik

431

Geospatial Toolkits and Resource Maps for Selected Countries from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

NREL developed the Geospatial Toolkit (GsT), a map-based software application that integrates resource data and geographic information systems (GIS) for integrated resource assessment. A variety of agencies within countries, along with global datasets, provided country-specific data. Originally developed in 2005, the Geospatial Toolkit was completely redesigned and re-released in November 2010 to provide a more modern, easier-to-use interface with considerably faster analytical querying capabilities. Toolkits are available for 21 countries and each one can be downloaded separately. The source code for the toolkit is also available. [Taken and edited from http://www.nrel.gov/international/geospatial_toolkits.html

432

Extracting metals directly from metal oxides  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of extracting metals directly from metal oxides by exposing the oxide to a supercritical fluid solvent containing a chelating agent is described. Preferably, the metal is an actinide or a lanthanide. More preferably, the metal is uranium, thorium or plutonium. The chelating agent forms chelates that are soluble in the supercritical fluid, thereby allowing direct removal of the metal from the metal oxide. In preferred embodiments, the extraction solvent is supercritical carbon dioxide and the chelating agent is selected from the group consisting of {beta}-diketones, halogenated {beta}-diketones, phosphinic acids, halogenated phosphinic acids, carboxylic acids, halogenated carboxylic acids, and mixtures thereof. In especially preferred embodiments, at least one of the chelating agents is fluorinated. The method provides an environmentally benign process for removing metals from metal oxides without using acids or biologically harmful solvents. The chelate and supercritical fluid can be regenerated, and the metal recovered, to provide an economic, efficient process. 4 figs.

Wai, C.M.; Smart, N.G.; Phelps, C.

1997-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

433

Extracting metals directly from metal oxides  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of extracting metals directly from metal oxides by exposing the oxide to a supercritical fluid solvent containing a chelating agent is described. Preferably, the metal is an actinide or a lanthanide. More preferably, the metal is uranium, thorium or plutonium. The chelating agent forms chelates that are soluble in the supercritical fluid, thereby allowing direct removal of the metal from the metal oxide. In preferred embodiments, the extraction solvent is supercritical carbon dioxide and the chelating agent is selected from the group consisting of .beta.-diketones, halogenated .beta.-diketones, phosphinic acids, halogenated phosphinic acids, carboxylic acids, halogenated carboxylic acids, and mixtures thereof. In especially preferred embodiments, at least one of the chelating agents is fluorinated. The method provides an environmentally benign process for removing metals from metal oxides without using acids or biologically harmful solvents. The chelate and supercritical fluid can be regenerated, and the metal recovered, to provide an economic, efficient process.

Wai, Chien M. (Moscow, ID); Smart, Neil G. (Moscow, ID); Phelps, Cindy (Moscow, ID)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Geochemical Modeling of ILAW Lysimeter Water Extracts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geochemical modeling results of water extracts from simulated immobilized low-activity waste (ILAW) glasses, placed in lysimeters for eight years suggest that the secondary phase reaction network developed using product consistency test (PCT) results at 90°C may need to be modified for field conditions. For sediment samples that had been collected from near the glass samples, the impact of glass corrosion could be readily observed based upon the pH of their water extracts. For unimpacted sediments the pH ranged from 7.88 to 8.11 with an average of 8.04. Sediments that had observable impacts from glass corrosion exhibited elevated pH values (as high as 9.97). For lysimeter sediment samples that appear to have been impacted by glass corrosion to the greatest extent, saturation indices determined for analcime, calcite, and chalcedony in the 1:1 water extracts were near equilibrium and were consistent with the secondary phase reaction network developed using PCT results at 90°C. Fe(OH)3(s) also appears to be essentially at equilibrium in extracts impacted by glass corrosion, but with a solubility product (log Ksp) that is approximately 2.13 units lower than that used in the secondary phase reaction network developed using PCT results at 90°C. The solubilities of TiO2(am) and ZrO2(am) also appear to be much lower than that assumed in the secondary phase reaction network developed using PCT results at 90°C. The extent that the solubility of TiO2(am) and ZrO2(am) were reduced relative to that assumed in the secondary phase reaction network developed using PCT results at 90°C could not be quantified because the concentrations of Ti and Zr in the extracts were below the estimated quantification limit. Gibbsite was consistently highly oversaturated in the extract while dawsonite was at or near equilibrium. This suggests that dawsonite might be a more suitable phase for the secondary phase reaction network than gibbsite under field conditions. This may be due to the availability of carbonate that exists in the Hanford sediments as calcite. A significant source of carbonate was not available in the PCTs and this may account for why this phase did not appear in the PCTs. Sepiolite was consistently highly undersaturated, suggesting that another phase controls the solubility of magnesium. For samples that were most impacted by the effects of glass corrosion, magnesite appears to control glass corrosion. For samples that show less impacts from glass corrosion, clinochlore-7A or saponite-Mg appears to control the magnesium concentrations. For zinc, it appears that zincite is a better candidate than Zn(OH)2-? for controlling zinc concentrations in the extracts; however, in some samples all zinc phases considered were highly oversaturated. As a result the phase that controls zinc concentrations in the lysimeter extracts remains uncertain.

Cantrell, Kirk J.

2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

435

Extracting TMDs from CLAS12 data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present studies of double longitudinal spin asymmetries in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering using a new dedicated Monte Carlo generator, which includes quark intrinsic transverse momentum within the generalized parton model based on the fully differential cross section for the process. Additionally we employ Bessel-weighting to the MC events to extract transverse momentum dependent parton distribution functions and also discuss possible uncertainties due to kinematic correlation effects.

Aghasyan, Mher M. [INFN-Frascati (Italy); Avakian, Harut A. [JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Extraction of Transversity and Collins Functions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a global re-analysis of recent experimental data on azimuthal asymmetries in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering, from the HERMES and COMPASS Collaborations, and in e{sup +}e{sup -} --> h_1h_2X processes, from the Belle Collaboration. The transversity distribution and the Collins functions are extracted simultaneously, in a revised analysis which also takes into account a new parameterization of the unknown functions.

Anselmino, Mauro [INFN-Torino (Italy); Boglione, Mariaelena [INFN-Torino (Italy); D'Alesio, Umberto [INFN Cagliari (Italy); Melis, Stefano [INFN-Torino (Italy); Murgia, Francesco [INFN Cagliari (Italy); Prokudin, Alexei [JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Extraction of nitrosoruthenium by tributyl phosphate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ruthenium is one of the elements that complicate regeneration of the spent nuclear fuel. A study has been made of distribution of highly extractable nitrosoruthenium complex RuNO(NO{sub 3}){sub 3} (RuT) between aqueous solutions and tributyl phosphate (TBP) in n-dodecane. Short phase contact ({approximately}30 s) was employed to minimize possible mutual conversion of nitrosoruthenium species, which takes place in the case of prolonged phase contact. The distribution coefficient {alpha}{sub RuT} is independent of hydrogen ion concentration and the presence of various salts in aqueous phase, i.e., RuT is extracted as nonelectrolyte. Experiments in which the TBP concentration was varied by dilution or binding TBP with nitric acid and uranyl nitrate indicates formation of trisolvate (as main complex characterized by extraction constant K{sub 3}=72) and disolvate (K{sub 2} = 5). At high nitric acid and/or uranyl nitrate concentration, {alpha}{sub RuT} is insignificantly reduced, while solvate number decrease substantially, Probably, nitrosoruthenium tetranitrate, e.g., RuNO(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}{center_dot}HNO{sub 3}{center_dot}TBP, and/or complex of RuT with uranyl nitrate is formed. The decontamination of valuable fuel components from ruthenium may be improved by a factor 10{sup 3} by binding TBP with nitric acid and uranyl nitrate. Another way to reduce {alpha}{sub RuT} is to convert RuT into poorly extractable RuD form. The time of RuT half-conversion into RuD was found to be 15 min in the presence of HNO{sub 3}, 9 min in the presence of uranyl nitrate, and 5 min at 50-60{degrees}C (simultaneously {alpha}{sub RuT} decreases by an order of magnitude).

Rozen, A.M.; Kartasheva, N.A.; Nikolotova, Z.N. [Bochvar Russian Inst. of Inorganic Materials, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Optimization of a Solvent Extraction Desalination Plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is usually determined by economical considerations with other factors sometimes exert. ing strong influ- ences Processes currently showing good potentials are various forms of distillation, freezing, electrodialysis, reverse osmosis, and solvent..., electrodialysis, reverse osmosis, and others. This thesis concerns the optimization of a Solvent Extraction Desalination Plant with respect to the "Standardized Procedure for Estimating Costs of Saline Water Conversions" (16). The two most im- portant...

Beighle, Phillip Lew

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Nanomaterials for Extracting Hydrogen from Water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to catalyze water oxidation. K E Y A C C O M P L I S H M E N T S Produced highly active iron oxide (hematiteNanomaterials for Extracting Hydrogen from Water P R O J E C T L E A D E R : Veronika Szalai (NIST water. R E F E R E N C E Effect of tin doping on -Fe2 O3 photoanodes for water splitting, C. D. Bohn, A

440

Catalytic extraction processing of contaminated scrap metal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Molten Metal Technology was awarded a contract to demonstrate the applicability of the Catalytic Extraction Process, a proprietary process that could be applied to US DOE`s inventory of low level mixed waste. This paper is a description of that technology, and included within this document are discussions of: (1) Program objectives, (2) Overall technology review, (3) Organic feed conversion to synthetic gas, (4) Metal, halogen, and transuranic recovery, (5) Demonstrations, (6) Design of the prototype facility, and (7) Results.

Griffin, T.P.; Johnston, J.E.; Payea, B.M.; Zeitoon, B.M.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "foreign countries extraction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Essays in oil, conflict, and the development of resource-rich countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines three topics in the political economy of global oil markets and the development of resource-rich countries. The first chapter examines the effect of Saudi Arabia's crude pricing policies on the political ...

Peck, Jennifer Randolph

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Gender Equity and Fertility in European Below-Replacement Fertility Countries: Poland and Estonia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Much of the recent scholarly attention has been devoted to the low fertility situation experienced by a growing number of developed countries. In this context, the theoretical framework explicitly incorporating the issues of gender in explanations...

Iwinska-Nowak, Anna Malgorzata

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

443

National Energy Efficiency and Conservation Policies and Programs in Developed Countries and Middle East  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for determining the best practices to develop sustainable societies in Middle East region, which in turn will equip these countries to respond more efficiently to the implementation of the latest international standards, which are mandatory in order to succeed...

Tyrer, C. F.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Essays on Dynamics of Cattle Prices in Three Developing Countries of Mali, Kenya, and Tanzania  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the growing agricultural subsectors in developing countries is livestock. Livestock and livestock products account for a third of the agricultural gross output. However, the lack of viable livestock market information systems to increase...

Bizimana, Jean-Claude

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

445

Urban settlement issues : observations from 181 surveys of urban dwelling environments in developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observations and summaries were made on 181 surveys of urban dwelling environments in developing countries, carried out by members of the Urban Settlement Design Program (U.S.D.P.), at MIT. The focus of this study is in ...

Wang, Chih-chien, M.S. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Environmental histories of the Visegrad countries: Cold War and the environmental sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Final Environmental histories of the Visegrad countries: Cold War and the environmental sciences Institute of Contemporary History of the Academy of Sciences to the environmental sciences during the Cold War and, allied to this, establish and further

Guo, Zaoyang

447

Energy conservation policy in developing countries : the case for market solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interest in energy conservation, although to some degree cyclical, has been stimulated during the last twenty years by the rising cost of energy in a wide range of developing and developed countries, especially following ...

Bates, Robin W.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Building energy calculator : a design tool for energy analysis of residential buildings in Developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Buildings are one of the world's largest consumers of energy, yet measures to reduce energy consumption are often ignored during the building design process. In developing countries, enormous numbers of new residential ...

Smith, Jonathan Y. (Jonathan York), 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Modelling energy-economy interactions in small developing countries : a case study of Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This report is addressed at modelling energy-economy interactions in small developing countries, those with populations less than 20 million or so and where neither the industrial or energy sectors are dominant. The overall ...

Blitzer, Charles R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Design and prototyping of a retrofittable motorized module for hand powered tricycles for Developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Current wheelchair designs in developing countries create many difficulties for their users. In Kenya, wheelchair users are often unable to use public transportation, and thus are isolated and usually without work. This ...

Wang, Nathan Philip

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Localized design-manufacture for Developing Countries : a methodology for creating culturally sustainable architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Can improved technology uptake in developing countries promote cultural sustainability and enable the production of endogenous solutions for development? This thesis, which focuses on technology dissemination for the benefit ...

Peinovich, Ella

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

ICT and the Environment in Developing Countries: A Review of Opportunities and Developments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Communication Technology (ICT), The Environment, Climate Change, Mitigation, Adaptation, Developing Countries technologies and applications. This review focuses on the role of ICTs in climate change mitigation, mitigating other environmental pressures and climate change adaptation, providing an overview and pointing

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

453

Gold mining and the golden rule: a challenge for producers and consumers in developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

countries Saleem H. Ali University of Vermont, Rubenstein School of Environment and Natural Resources, 151 S. This is especially true since gold is eminently recyclable and is primarily used for ornamentation. However, the key

Vermont, University of

454

Native Learning Center Training for Building Sustainable Communities in Indian Country  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Seminole Tribe of Florida Native Learning Center (NLC) will host this training on Building Sustainable Communities in Indian Country. Topics will include, but are not limited to: sustainable...

455

Developing a framework for evaluation of renewable energy in developing countries   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract In this dissertation, I develop a framework for evaluation of renewable energy projects in developing countries. There is a global common sense that addressing the increasing energy demands of both developed ...

Kiarsi, Sepideh

2011-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

456

11.479 Water and Sanitation Infrastructure Planning in Developing Countries, Spring 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy and planning for the provision of water supply and sanitation services in developing countries. Reviews available technologies, but emphasizes the planning and policy process, including economic, social, environmental, ...

Davis, Jennifer

457

$6000 FUNDED INTERNSHIPS GCFSI sponsored internees are expected to work in developing countries on projects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

$6000 FUNDED INTERNSHIPS GCFSI sponsored internees are expected to work in developing countries of food systems Areas of work include: population growth, climate change and pressure on the land, rapid

458

Tenements : dwellings for the urban poor. Comparative study illustrating 28 cases in developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tenements are significant systems that provide habitation to the poor in most of the urban areas of the developing countries. Yet, tenements are practically ignored if not prohibited by the public sector and consequently ...

Aliman, Isam Mohammad

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Getting beyond the lowest common denominator : Developing countries in global environmental negotiations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study explores the collective negotiation behavior of the developing countries of the South in international environmental politics. The so-called 'South'-represented in global negotiations by Group of 77 (G77)-is an ...

Najam, Adil

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Sustainable energy in Australia: an analysis of performance and drivers relative to other OECD countries .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??How sustainable is Australia???s pattern of energy supply and use? What are the major factors explaining Australia???s sustainable energy performance relative to other countries? This… (more)

Kinrade, P. A.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "foreign countries extraction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Table 25. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

OPEC Algeria Canada Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC a Total OPEC b 1978 ... 14.93 14.41 14.65...

462

Incorporating endogenous demand dynamics into long-term capacity expansion power system models for Developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research develops a novel approach to long-term power system capacity expansion planning for developing countries by incorporating endogenous demand dynamics resulting from social processes of technology adoption. ...

Jordan, Rhonda LeNai

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

11.701 Introduction to Planning and Institutional Processes in Developing Countries, Fall 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This introductory course is structured to cultivate the key sensibilities necessary for effective planning practice in newly industrializing countries. The word "sensibility" refers to an awareness of key developmental ...

Sanyal, Bishwapriya

464

Can leading indicators assess country vulnerability? Evidence from the 200809 global financial crisis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, in contrast to the international debt crisis that began in Latin America in 1982 and the East Asia crisis countries were badly impacted by the global financial crisis of 2008­09. The crisis renewed interest

Wolfe, Patrick J.

465

Computer-based Stroke Extraction in Historical Manuscripts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer-based Stroke Extraction in Historical Manuscripts Rainer; 1 Computer-based Stroke Extraction in Historical Manuscripts Rainer Herzog Recovering individual strokes in historical manuscripts can provide a valuable basis

Hamburg,.Universität

466

Supercritical Fluid Extraction Applications in the Process Industries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solutions. Other examples of potential applications for SFE technology are the extraction of tar sands and oil shale [17J; separations of biomolecules such as triglycerides, alkaloids, and olefins [18J; extraction of coal liquids [19J; and the isolation...

Lahiere, R. J.; Fair, J. R.; Humphrey, J. L.

467

Contracting Rail Freight Services for Country Elevators in the Texas Panhandle.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rooe ZTA245.7 B873 r\\O. 1473 -.-_ LIBRARY B-1473 JUDe 1984 JUL 27 1984 Co Rail Freight Services for Country Elevators in the Texas Panhandle The Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, Neville P. Clarke, Director, The Texas A&M University... ............................................................... 14 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ........................................................... 14 CONTRACTING RAIL FREIGHT-SERVICES FOR COUNTRY ELEVATORS IN THE TEXAS PANHANDLE Stephen Fuller Department of Agricultural Economics Texas Agricultural Experiment...

Fuller, Stephen

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Opportunities for renewable energy technologies in water supply in developing country villages  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) with information on village water supply programs in developing countries. The information is intended to help NREL develop renewable energy technologies for water supply and treatment that can be implemented, operated, and maintained by villagers. The report is also useful to manufacturers and suppliers in the renewable energy community in that it describes a methodology for introducing technologies to rural villages in developing countries.

Niewoehner, J.; Larson, R.; Azrag, E.; Hailu, T.; Horner, J.; VanArsdale, P. [Water for People, Denver, CO (United States)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Present and future nuclear power generation as a reflection of individual countries' resources and objectives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nuclear reactor industry has been in a state of decline for more than a decade in most of the world. The reasons are numerous and often unique to the energy situation of individual countries. Two commonly cited issues influence decisions relating to construction of reactors: costs and the need, or lack thereof, for additional generating capacity. Public concern has ''politicized'' the nuclear industry in many non-communist countries, causing a profound effect on the economics of the option. The nuclear installations and future plans are reviewed on a country-by-country basis for 36 countries in the light of the resources and objectives of each. Because oil and gas for power production throughout the world are being phased out as much as possible, coal-fired generation currently tends to be the chosen alternative to nuclear power production. Exceptions occur in many of the less developed countries that collectively have a very limited operating experience with nuclear reactors. The Chernobyl accident in the USSR alarmed the public; however, national strategies and plans to build reactors have not changed markedly in the interim. Assuming that the next decade of nuclear power generation is uneventful, additional electrical demand would cause the nuclear power industry to experience a rejuvenation in Europe as well as in the US. 80 refs., 3 figs., 22 tabs.

Borg, I.Y.

1987-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

470

COLLOQUIUM: "The Environmental Footprint of Shale Gas Extraction...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MBG Auditorium COLLOQUIUM: "The Environmental Footprint of Shale Gas Extraction and Hydraulic Fracturing" Professor Robert Jackson Duke University Presentation:...

471

A Tool for Personal Data Extraction Daniela Vianna  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Tool for Personal Data Extraction Daniela Vianna DCS, Rutgers University dvianna, we have developed a personal data extraction tool as a first step toward this vision. In this paper, we present this extraction tool, along with some preliminary statistics about personal data gath

Marian, Amélie

472

Process for the extraction of strontium from acidic solutions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is a process for selectively extracting strontium values from aqueous nitric acid waste solutions containing these and other fission product values. The extractant solution is a macrocyclic polyether in an aliphatic hydrocarbon diluent containing a phase modifier. The process will selectively extract strontium values from nitric acid solutions which are up to 6 molar in nitric acid.

Horwitz, E. Philip (Naperville, IL); Dietz, Mark L. (Evanston, IL)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Multidocument Summarization via Information Extraction Michael White and Tanya Korelsky  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the initial version of RIPTIDES, a system that combines information extraction (IE), extraction describe the initial implementation and evaluation of the RIPTIDES IE­ supported summarization system. We to be reported in the summary. RIPTIDES next applies its Information Extraction subsystem to generate a database

Cardie, Claire

474

Process for the extraction of strontium from acidic solutions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is a process for selectively extracting strontium values from aqueous nitric acid waste solutions containing these and other fission product values. The extractant solution is a macrocyclic polyether in an aliphatic hydrocarbon diluent containing a phase modifier. The process will selectively extract strontium values from nitric acid solutions which are up to 6 molar in nitric acid.

Horwitz, E.P.; Dietz, M.L.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Process for the extraction of strontium from acidic solutions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is a process for selectively extracting strontium values from aqueous nitric acid waste solutions containing these and other fission product values. The extractant solution is a macrocyclic polyether in an aliphatic hydrocarbon diluent containing a phase modifier. The process will selectively extract strontium values from nitric acid solutions which are up to 6 molar in nitric acid. 4 figs.

Horwitz, E.P.; Dietz, M.L.

1994-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

476

Recent International R&D Activities in the Extraction of Uranium from Seawater  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A literature survey has been conducted to collect information on the International R&D activities in the extraction of uranium from seawater for the period from the 1960s till the year of 2010. The reported activities, on both the laboratory scale bench experiments and the large scale marine experiments, were summarized by country/region in this report. Among all countries where such activities have been reported, Japan has carried out the most advanced large scale marine experiments with the amidoxime-based system, and achieved the collection efficiency (1.5 g-U/kg-adsorbent for 30 days soaking in the ocean) that could justify the development of industrial scale marine systems to produce uranium from seawater at the price competitive with those from conventional uranium resources. R&D opportunities are discussed for improving the system performance (selectivity for uranium, loading capacity, chemical stability and mechanical durability in the sorption-elution cycle, and sorption kinetics) and making the collection of uranium from seawater more economically competitive.

Rao, Linfeng

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

477

Rank Extraction in Tin-Oxide Sensor Arrays Page 1 of 23 Rank Extraction in Tin-Oxide Sensor Arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rank Extraction in Tin-Oxide Sensor Arrays Page 1 of 23 Rank Extraction in Tin-Oxide Sensor Arrays the amount of data to be processed. This work is a first example in feature extraction from tin-oxide sensors element array of tin-oxide sensors is presented. Results are extrapolated to other arrays of chemical

Roppel, Thaddeus A.

478

Direct extraction of oil from sunflower seeds by twin-screw extruder according to an aqueous extraction process: Feasibility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct extraction of oil from sunflower seeds by twin-screw extruder according to an aqueous the feasibility of an aqueous process to extract sunflower seed oil using a co-rotating twin-screw extruder. Aqueous extraction was carried out using whole seeds and the influence of the operating conditions on oil

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

479

Apparatus for extracting and sequestering carbon dioxide  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method associated therewith to extract and sequester carbon dioxide (CO.sub.2) from a stream or volume of gas wherein said apparatus hydrates CO.sub.2 and reacts the resulting carbonic acid with carbonate. Suitable carbonates include, but are not limited to, carbonates of alkali metals and alkaline earth metals, preferably carbonates of calcium and magnesium. Waste products are metal cations and bicarbonate in solution or dehydrated metal salts, which when disposed of in a large body of water provide an effective way of sequestering CO.sub.2 from a gaseous environment.

Rau, Gregory H. (Castro Valley, CA); Caldeira, Kenneth G. (Livermore, CA)

2010-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

480

Enhanced Attenuation Technologies: Passive Soil Vapor Extraction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Passive soil vapor extraction (PSVE) is an enhanced attenuation (EA) approach that removes volatile contaminants from soil. The extraction is driven by natural pressure gradients between the subsurface and atmosphere (Barometric Pumping), or by renewable sources of energy such as wind or solar power (Assisted PSVE). The technology is applicable for remediating sites with low levels of contamination and for transitioning sites from active source technologies such as active soil vapor extraction (ASVE) to natural attenuation. PSVE systems are simple to design and operate and are more cost effective than active systems in many scenarios. Thus, PSVE is often appropriate as an interim-remedial or polishing strategy. Over the past decade, PSVE has been demonstrated in the U.S. and in Europe. These demonstrations provide practical information to assist in selecting, designing and implementing the technology. These demonstrations indicate that the technology can be effective in achieving remedial objectives in a timely fashion. The keys to success include: (1) Application at sites where the residual source quantities, and associated fluxes to groundwater, are relatively low; (2) Selection of the appropriate passive energy source - barometric pumping in cases with a deep vadose zone and barrier (e.g., clay) layers that separate the subsurface from the atmosphere and renewable energy assisted PSVE in other settings and where higher flow rates are required. (3) Provision of sufficient access to the contaminated vadose zones through the spacing and number of extraction wells. This PSVE technology report provides a summary of the relevant technical background, real-world case study performance, key design and cost considerations, and a scenario-based cost evaluation. The key design and cost considerations are organized into a flowchart that dovetails with the Enhanced Attenuation: Chlorinated Organics Guidance of the Interstate Technology and Regulatory Council (ITRC). The PSVE flowchart provides a structured process to determine if the technology is, or is not, reasonable and defensible for a particular site. The central basis for that decision is the expected performance of PSVE under the site specific conditions. Will PSVE have sufficient mass removal rates to reduce the release, or flux, of contamination into the underlying groundwater so that the site can meet it overall remedial objectives? The summary technical information, case study experiences, and structured decision process provided in this 'user guide' should assist environmental decision-makers, regulators, and engineers in selecting and successfully implementing PSVE at appropriate sites.

Vangelas, K.; Looney, B.; Kamath, R.; Adamson, D.; Newell, C.

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "foreign countries extraction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Hot cell shield plug extraction apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus is provided for moving shielding plugs into and out of holes in concrete shielding walls in hot cells for handling radioactive materials without the use of external moving equipment. The apparatus provides a means whereby a shield plug is extracted from its hole and then swung approximately 90 degrees out of the way so that the hole may be accessed. The apparatus uses hinges to slide the plug in and out and to rotate it out of the way, the hinge apparatus also supporting the weight of the plug in all positions, with the load of the plug being transferred to a vertical wall by means of a bolting arrangement.

Knapp, Philip A. (Moore, ID); Manhart, Larry K. (Pingree, ID)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Method for extracting and sequestering carbon dioxide  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus to extract and sequester carbon dioxide (CO.sub.2) from a stream or volume of gas wherein said method and apparatus hydrates CO.sub.2, and reacts the resulting carbonic acid with carbonate. Suitable carbonates include, but are not limited to, carbonates of alkali metals and alkaline earth metals, preferably carbonates of calcium and magnesium. Waste products are metal cations and bicarbonate in solution or dehydrated metal salts, which when disposed of in a large body of water provide an effective way of sequestering CO.sub.2 from a gaseous environment.

Rau, Gregory H. (Castro Valley, CA); Caldeira, Kenneth G. (Livermore, CA)

2005-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

483

Accelerated solvent extraction of petroleum contaminated sediments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

were repeated on these extracts and results were virtually the same (within 500mg/kg). It is unknown why these samples have such a discrepancy from the rest of the data. The ASE data was compared to soxhlet oil and grease values and it was found... recoveries were compared individually at each sampling event and as total target analytes. These comparisons are shown in Table 8. Target compounds below the MDL and within analytical instrument background levels were discarded. This was done as a result...

Bauguss, Jeffery Lynn

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Kerogen extraction from subterranean oil shale resources  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is directed to methods for extracting a kerogen-based product from subsurface (oil) shale formations, wherein such methods rely on fracturing and/or rubblizing portions of said formations so as to enhance their fluid permeability, and wherein such methods further rely on chemically modifying the shale-bound kerogen so as to render it mobile. The present invention is also directed at systems for implementing at least some of the foregoing methods. Additionally, the present invention is also directed to methods of fracturing and/or rubblizing subsurface shale formations and to methods of chemically modifying kerogen in situ so as to render it mobile.

Looney, Mark Dean (Houston, TX); Lestz, Robert Steven (Missouri City, TX); Hollis, Kirk (Los Alamos, NM); Taylor, Craig (Los Alamos, NM); Kinkead, Scott (Los Alamos, NM); Wigand, Marcus (Los Alamos, NM)

2010-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

485

Debt dependency, debt relief, and macroeconomic policies: how does the structure of external and domestic debt affect the well being of a country?s citizenry?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; Walton and Ragin, 1990; Dixon and Boswell, 1996; Firebaugh, 1996) on the growth and development of Third World Countries. This research primarily examines the relationship between external debt held by multilateral development institutions...) findings demonstrate that over urbanization, measured as the residuals of urbanization regressed on GNP per capita (Bradshaw, 1987), is one of the primary causes of Third World protests against austerity programs. 11 Neoclassical Economic Theory...

Burns, Jackie Rene

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

486

Management of waste electrical and electronic equipment in two EU countries: A comparison  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Review on data regarding WEEE management in Italy and in Romania. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Problems that countries that will enter in the EU will have to solve facing with the WEEE management. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Pilot experiences useful for the awareness campaign of the population. - Abstract: The paper presents some data regarding waste electrical and electronic (WEEE) management in one of the founding countries of the EU, Italy, and in a recent entry into the EU, Romania. The aim of this research was to analyze some problems that countries entering the EU will have to solve with respect to WEEE management. The experiences of Italy and Romania could provide an interesting reference point. The strengths and weaknesses that the two EU countries have encountered can be used in order to give a more rational plan for other countries. In Italy the increase of WEEE collection was achieved in parallel with the increase of the efficiency of selective Municipal Solid Waste collection. In Romania, pilot experiences were useful to increase the awareness of the population. The different interests of the two populations towards recyclable waste led to a different scenario: in Romania all types of WEEE have been collected since its entrance into the EU; in Italy the 'interest' in recycling is typically related to large household appliances, with a secondary role of lighting equipment.

Torretta, Vincenzo, E-mail: vincenzo.torretta@uninsubria.it [Department of Science and High Technology, Insubria University of Varese, Via G.B. Vico 46, I-21100 Varese (Italy); Ragazzi, Marco [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Trento, Via Mesiano 77, I-38123 Trento (Italy); Istrate, Irina Aura [Department of Energy Production and Use, Politehnica University of Bucharest, Splaiul Independentei 313, 060042 Bucharest (Romania); Rada, Elena Cristina [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Trento, Via Mesiano 77, I-38123 Trento (Italy)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

487

Feature extraction for structural dynamics model validation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study focuses on defining and comparing response features that can be used for structural dynamics model validation studies. Features extracted from dynamic responses obtained analytically or experimentally, such as basic signal statistics, frequency spectra, and estimated time-series models, can be used to compare characteristics of structural system dynamics. By comparing those response features extracted from experimental data and numerical outputs, validation and uncertainty quantification of numerical model containing uncertain parameters can be realized. In this study, the applicability of some response features to model validation is first discussed using measured data from a simple test-bed structure and the associated numerical simulations of these experiments. issues that must be considered were sensitivity, dimensionality, type of response, and presence or absence of measurement noise in the response. Furthermore, we illustrate a comparison method of multivariate feature vectors for statistical model validation. Results show that the outlier detection technique using the Mahalanobis distance metric can be used as an effective and quantifiable technique for selecting appropriate model parameters. However, in this process, one must not only consider the sensitivity of the features being used, but also correlation of the parameters being compared.

Hemez, Francois [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Farrar, Charles [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Park, Gyuhae [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nishio, Mayuko [UNIV OF TOKYO; Worden, Keith [UNIV OF SHEFFIELD; Takeda, Nobuo [UNIV OF TOKYO

2010-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

488

Quantum computer architecture for fast entropy extraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

If a quantum computer is stabilized by fault-tolerant quantum error correction (QEC), then most of its resources (qubits and operations) are dedicated to the extraction of error information. Analysis of this process leads to a set of central requirements for candidate computing devices, in addition to the basic ones of stable qubits and controllable gates and measurements. The logical structure of the extraction process has a natural geometry and hierarchy of communication needs; a computer whose physical architecture is designed to reflect this will be able to tolerate the most noise. The relevant networks are dominated by quantum information transport, therefore to assess a computing device it is necessary to characterize its ability to transport quantum information, in addition to assessing the performance of conditional logic on nearest neighbours and the passive stability of the memory. The transport distances involved in QEC networks are estimated, and it is found that a device relying on swap operations for information transport must have those operations an order of magnitude more precise than the controlled gates of a device which can transport information at low cost.

Andrew M. Steane

2002-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

489

White LED with High Package Extraction Efficiency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this project is to develop a high efficiency phosphor converting (white) Light Emitting Diode (pcLED) 1-Watt package through an increase in package extraction efficiency. A transparent/translucent monolithic phosphor is proposed to replace the powdered phosphor to reduce the scattering caused by phosphor particles. Additionally, a multi-layer thin film selectively reflecting filter is proposed between blue LED die and phosphor layer to recover inward yellow emission. At the end of the project we expect to recycle approximately 50% of the unrecovered backward light in current package construction, and develop a pcLED device with 80 lm/W{sub e} using our technology improvements and commercially available chip/package source. The success of the project will benefit luminous efficacy of white LEDs by increasing package extraction efficiency. In most phosphor-converting white LEDs, the white color is obtained by combining a blue LED die (or chip) with a powdered phosphor layer. The phosphor partially absorbs the blue light from the LED die and converts it into a broad green-yellow emission. The mixture of the transmitted blue light and green-yellow light emerging gives white light. There are two major drawbacks for current pcLEDs in terms of package extraction efficiency. The first is light scattering caused by phosphor particles. When the blue photons from the chip strike the phosphor particles, some blue light will be scattered by phosphor particles. Converted yellow emission photons are also scattered. A portion of scattered light is in the backward direction toward the die. The amount of this backward light varies and depends in part on the particle size of phosphors. The other drawback is that yellow emission from phosphor powders is isotropic. Although some backward light can be recovered by the reflector in current LED packages, there is still a portion of backward light that will be absorbed inside the package and further converted to heat. Heat generated in the package may cause a deterioration of encapsulant materials, affecting the performance of both the LED die and phosphor, leading to a decrease in the luminous efficacy over lifetime. Recent studies from research groups at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute found that, under the condition to obtain a white light, about 40% of the light is transmitted outward of the phosphor layer and 60% of the light is reflected inward.1,2 It is claimed that using scattered photon extraction (SPE) technique, luminous efficacy is increased by 60%. In this project, a transparent/translucent monolithic phosphor was used to replace the powdered phosphor layer. In the normal pcLED package, the powdered phosphor is mixed with silicone either to be deposited on the top of LED die forming a chip level conversion (CLC) white LED or to be casted in the package forming a volume conversion white LED. In the monolithic phosphors there are no phosphor powder/silicone interfaces so it can reduce the light scattering caused by phosphor particles. Additionally, a multi-layer thin film selectively reflecting filter is inserted in the white LED package between the blue LED die and phosphor layer. It will selectively transmit the blue light from the LED die and reflect the phosphor's yellow inward emission outward. The two technologies try to recover backward light to the outward direction in the pcLED package thereby improving the package extraction efficiency.

Yi Zheng; Matthew Stough

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

490

Energy and growth, a comparison of 13 industrial and developing countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The traditional approach to national energy issues and planning has been strongly supply oriented-planning has focused on aggregate quantities like fuel production, imports and exports, and how to meet growing demand by adding to supplies. The most serious flaw in this approach is that it dehumanizes energy planning by ignoring the major determinants and opportunities for change which lie at the level of individual people and their needs. This book demonstrates that sound energy planning must be rooted in a detailed understanding of energy demand and the social and economic activities which not only consume energy but also make up the pattern of life in a country. Its approach combines analysis of energy use with coverage of a wide sample of countries. The countries studied are UK, France, West Germany, USA, Japan, Philippines, Brazil, Portugal, Chile, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Kenya.

Leach, G.; Jarass, L.; Obermair, G.M.; Hoffmann, L.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Paintball Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Korea Libya Niger Peru Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Spain Sri Lanka Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine UAE United

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

492

Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Plutonium and Americium from Soil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) of plutonium and americium from soil was successfully demonstrated using supercritical fluid carbon dioxide solvent augmented with organophosphorus and beta-diketone complexants. Spiked Idaho soils were chemically and radiologically characterized, then extracted with supercritical fluid carbon dioxide at 2,900 psi and 65 C containing varying concentrations of tributyl phosphate (TBP) and thenoyltrifluoroacetone (TTA). A single 45 minute SFE with 2.7 mol% TBP and 3.2 mol% TTA provided as much as 88% {+-} 6.0 extraction of americium and 69% {+-} 5.0 extraction of plutonium. Use of 5.3 mol% TBP with 6.8 mol% of the more acidic beta-diketone hexafluoroacetylacetone (HFA) provided 95% {+-} 3.0 extraction of americium and 83% {+-} 5.0 extraction of plutonium in a single 45 minute SFE at 3,750 psi and 95 C. Sequential chemical extraction techniques were used to chemically characterize soil partitioning of plutonium and americium in pre-SFE soil samples. Sequential chemical extraction techniques demonstrated that spiked plutonium resides primarily (76.6%) in the sesquioxide fraction with minor amounts being absorbed by the oxidizable fraction (10.6%) and residual fractions (12.8%). Post-SFE soils subjected to sequential chemical extraction characterization demonstrated that 97% of the oxidizable, 78% of the sesquioxide and 80% of the residual plutonium could be removed using SFE. These preliminary results show that SFE may be an effective solvent extraction technique for removal of actinide contaminants from soil.

Fox, R.V.; Mincher, B.J.

2002-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

493

Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Plutonium and Americium from Soil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) of plutonium and americium from soil was successfully demonstrated using supercritical fluid carbon dioxide solvent augmented with organophosphorus and beta-diketone complexants. Spiked Idaho soils were chemically and radiologically characterized, then extracted with supercritical fluid carbon dioxide at 2,900 psi and 65°C containing varying concentrations of tributyl phosphate (TBP) and thenoyltrifluoroacetone (TTA). A single 45 minute SFE with 2.7 mol% TBP and 3.2 mol% TTA provided as much as 88% ± 6.0 extraction of americium and 69% ± 5.0 extraction of plutonium. Use of 5.3 mol% TBP with 6.8 mol% of the more acidic beta-diketone hexafluoroacetylacetone (HFA) provided 95% ± 3.0 extraction of americium and 83% ± 5.0 extraction of plutonium in a single 45 minute SFE at 3,750 psi and 95°C. Sequential chemical extraction techniques were used to chemically characterize soil partitioning of plutonium and americium in pre-SFE soil samples. Sequential chemical extraction techniques demonstrated that spiked plutonium resides primarily (76.6%) in the sesquioxide fraction with minor amounts being absorbed by the oxidizable fraction (10.6%) and residual fractions (12.8%). Post-SFE soils subjected to sequential chemical extraction characterization demonstrated that 97% of the oxidizable, 78% of the sesquioxide and 80% of the residual plutonium could be removed using SFE. These preliminary results show that SFE may be an effective solvent extraction technique for removal of actinide contaminants from soil.

Fox, Robert Vincent; Mincher, Bruce Jay

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

DSM Electricity Savings Potential in the Buildings Sector in APP Countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The global economy has grown rapidly over the past decade with a commensurate growth in the demand for electricity services that has increased a country's vulnerability to energy supply disruptions. Increasing need of reliable and affordable electricity supply is a challenge which is before every Asia Pacific Partnership (APP) country. Collaboration between APP members has been extremely fruitful in identifying potential efficiency upgrades and implementing clean technology in the supply side of the power sector as well established the beginnings of collaboration. However, significantly more effort needs to be focused on demand side potential in each country. Demand side management or DSM in this case is a policy measure that promotes energy efficiency as an alternative to increasing electricity supply. It uses financial or other incentives to slow demand growth on condition that the incremental cost needed is less than the cost of increasing supply. Such DSM measures provide an alternative to building power supply capacity The type of financial incentives comprise of rebates (subsidies), tax exemptions, reduced interest loans, etc. Other approaches include the utilization of a cap and trade scheme to foster energy efficiency projects by creating a market where savings are valued. Under this scheme, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with the production of electricity are capped and electricity retailers are required to meet the target partially or entirely through energy efficiency activities. Implementation of DSM projects is very much in the early stages in several of the APP countries or localized to a regional part of the country. The purpose of this project is to review the different types of DSM programs experienced by APP countries and to estimate the overall future potential for cost-effective demand-side efficiency improvements in buildings sectors in the 7 APP countries through the year 2030. Overall, the savings potential is estimated to be 1.7 thousand TWh or 21percent of the 2030 projected base case electricity demand. Electricity savings potential ranges from a high of 38percent in India to a low of 9percent in Korea for the two sectors. Lighting, fans, and TV sets and lighting and refrigeration are the largest contributors to residential and commercial electricity savings respectively. This work presents a first estimates of the savings potential of DSM programs in APP countries. While the resulting estimates are based on detailed end-use data, it is worth keeping in mind that more work is needed to overcome limitation in data at this time of the project.

McNeil, MIchael; Letschert, Virginie; Shen, Bo; Sathaye, Jayant; de la Ru du Can, Stephane

2011-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

495

Trends in electricity demand and supply in the developing countries, 1980--1990  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides an overview of trends concerning electricity demand and supply in the developing countries in the 1980--1990 period, with special focus on 13 major countries for which we have assembled consistent data series. We describe the linkage between electricity demand and economic growth, the changing sectoral composition of electricity consumption, and changes in the mix of energy sources for electricity generation. We also cover trends in the efficiency of utility electricity supply with respect to power plant efficiency and own-use and delivery losses, and consider the trends in carbon dioxide emissions from electricity supply.

Meyers, S.; Campbell, C.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Basic Engineering Research for D and D of R Reactor Storage Pond Sludge: Electrokinetics, Carbon Dioxide Extraction, and Supercritical Water Oxidation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large quantities of mixed low level waste (MLLW) that fall under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) exist and will continue to be generated during D and D operations at DOE sites across the country. The standard process for destruction of MLLW is incineration, which has an uncertain future. The extraction and destruction of PCBs from MLLW was the subject of this research Supercritical Fluid Extraction (SFE) with carbon dioxide with 5% ethanol as cosolvent and Supercritical Waster Oxidation (SCWO) were the processes studied in depth. The solid matrix for experimental extraction studies was Toxi-dry, a commonly used absorbent made from plant material. PCB surrogates were 1.2,4-trichlorobenzene (TCB) and 2-chlorobiphenyl (2CBP). Extraction pressures of 2,000 and 4,000 psi and temperatures of 40 and 80 C were studied. Higher extraction efficiencies were observed with cosolvent and at high temperature, but pressure little effect. SCWO treatment of the treatment of the PCB surrogates resulted in their destruction below detection limits.

Michael A. Matthews; David A. Bruce,; Thomas A. Davis; Mark C. Thies; John W. Weidner; Ralph E. White

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Environmental Impacts of China Outward Foreign Direct Investment: Case Studies in Latin America, Mongolia, Myanmar, and Zambia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

environmentally friendly technology to extract minerals. Hence, Chinese artisanal mining has harmed Mongolia’s environment by generating excess surface water, waste rock piles, tailings, and mercury pollution, which causes air and water pollution. Inadequate law...

Al-Aameri, Nour; Fu, Lingxiao; Garcia, Nicole; Mak, Ryan; McGill, Caitlin; Reynolds, Amanda; Vinze, Lucas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Lactic acid fermentation of crude sorghum extract  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Crude extract from sweet sorghum supplemented with vetch juice was utilized as the carbohydrate source for fermentative production of lactic acid. Fermentation of media containing 7% (w/v) total sugar was completed in 60-80 hours by Lactobacillus plantarum, product yield averaging 85%. Maximum acid production rates were dependent on pH, initial substrate distribution, and concentration, the rates varying from 2 to 5 g/liter per hour. Under limited medium supplementation the lactic acid yield was lowered to 67%. The fermented ammoniated product contained over eight times as much equivalent crude protein (N x 6.25) as the original medium. Unstructured kinetic models were developed for cell growth, lactic acid formation, and substrate consumption in batch fermentation. With the provision of experimentally determined kinetic parameters, the proposed models accurately described the fermentation process. 15 references.

Samuel, W.A.; Lee, Y.Y.; Anthony, W.B.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Extracting Geospatial Preferences Using Relational Neighbors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the increasing popularity of location-based social media applications and devices that automatically tag generated content with locations, large repositories of collaborative geo-referenced data are appearing on-line. Efficiently extracting user preferences from these data to determine what information to recommend is challenging because of the sheer volume of data as well as the frequency of updates. Traditional recommender systems focus on the interplay between users and items, but ignore contextual parameters such as location. In this paper we take a geospatial approach to determine locational preferences and similarities between users. We propose to capture the geographic context of user preferences for items using a relational graph, through which we are able to derive many new and state-of-the-art recommendation algorithms, including combinations of them, requiring changes only in the definition of the edge weights. Furthermore, we discuss several solutions for cold-start scenarios. Finally, we con...

Marinho, Leandro Balby; Sandholm, Thomas; Nunes, Iury; Nóbrega, Caio; Araújo, Jordão

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Soft Multiple Winners for Sparse Feature Extraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A simple and computationally inexpensive neural network method for generating sparse representations is presented. The network has a single layer of linear neurons and, on top of it, a mechanism, which assigns a winning strength for each neuron. Both input and output are real valued in contrast to many earlier methods, where either input or output must have been binary valued. Also, the sum of winning strengths does not have to be normalized as in some other approaches. The ability of the algorithm to find meaningful features is demonstrated in a simulation with images of handwritten numerals. 1. Introduction The objective of a feature extraction system is to refine data in such a way that further processing becomes easier. In classification, such a system has two basic goals. One is to remove redundancies from the data. This helps cutting down computational costs later on. Another, contradictory goal is to discriminate data, which helps in distinguishing between similar inputs. A fe...