National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for forbids ordinances deed

  1. Deed Restrictions for Solar

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This report summarizes the efforts made to address Task 3 - Examples of Residential Deed Restrictions Allowing Solar. The focus of the study is on communities surrounding Houston, Texas.

  2. Renewable Energy Rights

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Vermont law forbids ordinances, bylaws, deed restrictions, covenants, declarations, or similar binding agreements from prohibiting (or having the effect of prohibiting) the use of solar collectors,...

  3. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    but does not require the system... Eligibility: Residential Savings Category: Solar Water Heat Renewable Energy Rights Vermont law forbids ordinances, bylaws, deed...

  4. The Arrow of Time Forbids a Positive Cosmological Constant $?$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laura Mersini-Houghton

    2007-04-20

    Motivated by the mounting evidence for dark energy, here we explore the consequences of a fundamental cosmological constant $\\Lambda$ for our universe. We show that when the gravitational entropy of a pure DeSitter state ultimately wins over matter, then the thermodynamic arrow of time in our universe must reverse in scales of order a Hubble time. We find that due to the dynamics of gravity and nonlocal entanglement, a finite size system such as a DeSitter patch with horizon size $H_0^{-1}$ has a finite lifetime $\\Delta t$. This phenomenon arises from the dynamic gravitational instabilities that develop during a DeSitter epoch and turn catastrophic. A reversed arrow of time is clearly in disagreement with observations. Thus we are led to conclude: Nature forbids a fundamental $\\Lambda$. Or else general relativity must be modified in the IR regime when $\\Lambda$ dominates the expansion of the Universe.

  5. Land Deeds & Family Papers: Another Unique Collection in the CityU Library!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Po, Lai-Man

    Land Deeds & Family Papers: Another Unique Collection in the CityU Library! #12;Collection Donated donation in 2013. It is made up of some 360 Chinese land deeds and 1,500 family documents of Mr Tin correspondences ( ) 124 Others () 705 Chinese seals () 125 Land deeds () 359 Receipts () 352 Company documents

  6. County Wind Ordinance Standards

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Assembly Bill 45 of 2009 authorized counties to adopt ordinances to provide for the installation of small wind systems (50 kW or smaller) outside urbanized areas but within the county's...

  7. Quantum mechanics forbids an initial or final singularity in a closed FRW universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. R. Mongan

    1999-03-07

    The existence of singularities in a closed FRW universe depends on the assumption that general relativity is valid for distances less than the Planck length. However, stationary state wave functions of the Schrodinger equation for a closed radiation-dominated FRW universe derived by Elbaz et al (General Relativity and Gravitation 29, 481, 1997) are zero at zero radius of curvature. Thus, even if general relativity is assumed valid at distances less than the Planck length, quantum mechanics seems to forbid singularities in a closed FRW universe.

  8. Santa Clara County- Zoning Ordinance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Santa Clara County's Zoning Ordinance includes standards for wind and solar structures for residential, agricultural, and commercial uses.

  9. Ordinal Compactness Paolo Lipparini

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipparini, Paolo

    of [, ]-compact- ness. #12;Throughout, let be infinite ordinals. Definition 1 We say that a topological space- ness are the following: · [µ, ]-compactness is equivalent to [, ]-com- pactness, for every with µ · [cf, cf]-compactness implies [, ]-compact- ness. On the other hand, there are many more non- trivial

  10. Maricopa County- Renewable Energy Systems Zoning Ordinance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Maricopa County Zoning Ordinance contains provisions for siting renewable energy systems. The ordinance defines renewable energy as "energy derived primarily from sources other than fossil...

  11. Model Wind Energy Facility Ordinance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: This model ordinance was designed to provide guidance to local governments that wish to develop their own siting rules for wind turbines. While it was developed as part of a cooperative...

  12. Wind Energy Ordinances (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-08-01

    Due to increasing energy demands in the United States and more installed wind projects, rural communities and local governments with limited or no experience with wind energy now have the opportunity to become involved in this industry. Communities with good wind resources may be approached by entities with plans to develop the resource. Although these opportunities can create new revenue in the form of construction jobs and land lease payments, they also create a new responsibility on the part of local governments to create ordinances to regulate wind turbine installations. Ordinances are laws, often found within municipal codes that provide various degrees of control to local governments. These laws cover issues such as zoning, traffic, consumer protection, and building codes. Wind energy ordinances reflect local needs and wants regarding wind turbines within county or city lines and aid the development of safe facilities that will be embraced by the community. Since 2008 when the National Renewable Energy Laboratory released a report on existing wind energy ordinances, many more ordinances have been established throughout the United States, and this trend is likely to continue in the near future as the wind energy industry grows. This fact sheet provides an overview of elements found in typical wind energy ordinances to educate state and local government officials, as well as policy makers.

  13. Isospin analysis of Theta+ production forbids gamma p ---> Theta+ K(s) and allows gamma n ---> Theta+ K-.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karliner, Marek; Lipkin, Harry J

    ar X iv :h ep -p h/ 05 06 08 4v 3 1 6 Ju n 20 05 Cavendish-HEP-05/09 TAUP 2807/05 ANL-HEP-PR-05-47 Isospin Analysis of ?+ production forbids ?p ? ?+ Ks and allows ?n ? ?+ K? Marek Karliner a,b? and Harry J. Lipkin b,c a Cavendish Laboratory... +Ks n|T |K+K?p? ?K+K?p|T |?p? Im ?K+K?n| T |?n? = ? ?K+K?n| T |K+K?n? ?K+K?n| T |?n? (5) We now see that the transition matrix ?K+Ksn| T |?p? is proportional to the transition matrix ?K+Ksn|T |K+K?p?, where the ?(1520) can appear as a resonance...

  14. Model Wind Ordinance for Local Governments

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    In 2006, Pennsylvania developed a model local ordinance for wind energy facilities through a collaborative effort involving several state departments and stakeholder groups. The purpose of the...

  15. Carteret County- Wind Energy System Ordinance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Carteret County passed an ordinance to specify the permitting process and establish siting requirements for wind energy systems. There are different rules and a different permitting process...

  16. Madison County- Wind Energy Systems Ordinance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Madison County adopted a new land use ordinance in May 2010, which includes provisions for permitting wind turbines within the county.

  17. Overview of Existing Wind Energy Ordinances

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The purpose of this report is to educate and engage state and local governments, as well as policymakers, about existing large wind energy ordinances.

  18. Sacramento Ordinance to Waive Solar PV Fees

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This is an ordinance by the city of Sacramento to suspend for the calendar years 2007-2009 all fees related to installation of photovoltaic systems on existing residences.

  19. Pitt County- Wind Energy Systems Ordinance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Pitt County Board of Commissioners adopted amendments to the county zoning ordinance in March 2010 which classify wind energy systems as an accessory use and establish siting and permitting...

  20. ORDINANCE NO.__________ AN ORDINANCE OF THE CITY OF BELMONT AMENDING CHAPTER 7 OF THE CODE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by the International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials (IAPMO), 2009 Uniform Mechanical Code1 ORDINANCE NO.__________ AN ORDINANCE OF THE CITY OF BELMONT AMENDING CHAPTER 7 OF THE CODE OF THE CITY OF BELMONT; ADOPTING BY REFERENCE THE 2010 EDITION OF THE CALIFORNIA BUILDING STANDARDS CODE

  1. Town of Kill Devil Hills- Wind Energy Systems Ordinance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In October 2007, the town of Kill Devil Hills adopted an ordinance to regulate the use of wind-energy systems. The ordinance directs any individual or organization wishing to install a wind-energy...

  2. Forbidden ordinal patterns in higher dimensional dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. M. Amig; M. B. Kennel

    2007-11-12

    Forbidden ordinal patterns are ordinal patterns (or `rank blocks') that cannot appear in the orbits generated by a map taking values on a linearly ordered space, in which case we say that the map has forbidden patterns. Once a map has a forbidden pattern of a given length $L_{0}$, it has forbidden patterns of any length $L\\ge L_{0}$ and their number grows superexponentially with $L$. Using recent results on topological permutation entropy, we study in this paper the existence and some basic properties of forbidden ordinal patterns for self maps on n-dimensional intervals. Our most applicable conclusion is that expansive interval maps with finite topological entropy have necessarily forbidden patterns, although we conjecture that this is also the case under more general conditions. The theoretical results are nicely illustrated for n=2 both using the naive counting estimator for forbidden patterns and Chao's estimator for the number of classes in a population. The robustness of forbidden ordinal patterns against observational white noise is also illustrated.

  3. Model Ordinance for Siting of Wind-Energy Systems

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    With respect to small wind turbines, the model ordinance addresses setbacks, access, lighting, noise, appearance, code compliance, utility notification, abandonment, and the permitting process....

  4. Sacramento Ordinance to Waive Fees for Solar Hot Water

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    An ordinance suspending for the calendar years 2007-2009 all fees related to installations of solar water heaters on existing residences.

  5. Final Report on MAPPR Project: The Detroit Living Wage Ordinance: Will it Reduce Urban Poverty?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riley, Shawn J.

    Final Report on MAPPR Project: The Detroit Living Wage Ordinance: Will it Reduce Urban Poverty? David Neumark May 30, 2001 #12;Detroit's Living Wage Ordinance The Detroit Living Wage Ordinance passed in the fall of 1998. As in other major urban areas passing living wage ordinances in the 1990s, Detroit

  6. Town of Chapel Hill- Land-Use Management Ordinance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2003, the Town of Chapel Hill adopted a land-use management ordinance that includes prohibitions against neighborhood or homeowners association covenants or other conditions of sale that...

  7. A Class of Markov Models for Longitudinal Ordinal Keunbaik Lee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniels, Michael J.

    using a full likelihood based approach. Generalized linear models for longitudinal data canA Class of Markov Models for Longitudinal Ordinal Data Keunbaik Lee Ph.D. candidate, Department, 1993). Here, we focus on marginal models. Marginalized likelihood-based models describe the correlation

  8. A Model-Theoretic Approach to Ordinal Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avigad, Jeremy

    by Kot- larski and Ratajczyk (see [14, 19]). As a by-product, these methods also provide natural of an -large set of natural numbers. In con- trast to syntactic approaches that use cut elimination, and the extraction of constructive information from classical proofs. Since Gentzen, ordinal analysis has been

  9. THREE-DIMENSIONAL DISCRETE ORDINATES REACTOR ASSEMBLY CALCULATIONS ON GPUS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Thomas M [ORNL; Joubert, Wayne [ORNL; Hamilton, Steven P [ORNL; Johnson, Seth R [ORNL; Turner, John A [ORNL; Davidson, Gregory G [ORNL; Pandya, Tara M [ORNL

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we describe and demonstrate a discrete ordinates sweep algorithm on GPUs. This sweep algorithm is nested within a multilevel comunication-based decomposition based on energy. We demonstrated the effectiveness of this algorithm on detailed three-dimensional critical experiments and PWR lattice problems. For these problems we show improvement factors of 4 6 over conventional communication-based, CPU-only sweeps. These sweep kernel speedups resulted in a factor of 2 total time-to-solution improvement.

  10. Standards for Municipal Small Wind Regulations and Small Wind Model Wind Ordinance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In July 2008, New Hampshire enacted legislation designed to prevent municipalities from adopting ordinances or regulations that place unreasonable limits or hinder the performance of wind energy...

  11. Deficiencies of Lighting Codes and Ordinances in Controlling Light Pollution from Parking Lot Lighting Installations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal, Emily

    2012-05-31

    The purpose of this research was to identify the main causes of light pollution from parking lot electric lighting installations and highlight the deficiencies of lighting ordinances in preventing light pollution. Using an industry-accepted lighting...

  12. Model As-of Right Zoning Ordinance or Bylaw: Allowing Use of Wind Energy Facilities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2007, the Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources (DOER) and the Massachusetts Executive Office of Environmental Affairs (EOEA) issued a model ordinance or by-law that may be modified and...

  13. First collision source method for coupling Monte Carlo and discrete ordinates for localized source problems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alcouffe, R.E.

    1985-01-01

    A difficult class of problems for the discrete-ordinates neutral particle transport method is to accurately compute the flux due to a spatially localized source. Because the transport equation is solved for discrete directions, the so-called ray effect causes the flux at space points far from the source to be inaccurate. Thus, in general, discrete ordinates would not be the method of choice to solve such problems. It is better suited for calculating problems with significant scattering. The Monte Carlo method is suited to localized source problems, particularly if the amount of collisional interactions in minimal. However, if there are many scattering collisions and the flux at all space points is desired, then the Monte Carlo method becomes expensive. To take advantage of the attributes of both approaches, we have devised a first collision source method to combine the Monte Carlo and discrete-ordinates solutions. That is, particles are tracked from the source to their first scattering collision and tallied to produce a source for the discrete-ordinates calculation. A scattered flux is then computed by discrete ordinates, and the total flux is the sum of the Monte Carlo and discrete ordinates calculated fluxes. In this paper, we present calculational results using the MCNP and TWODANT codes for selected two-dimensional problems that show the effectiveness of this method.

  14. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 8, NO. 6, JUNE 2009 2755 Co-ordinate Interleaved Spatial Multiplexing with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhashyam, Srikrishna

    transceiver, re- ferred to as co-ordinate interleaved spatial multiplexing (CISM). With CSI at transmitter and receiver, CISM diagonalizes the MIMO channel and interleaves the co-ordinates of the input symbols (from) is analyzed for CISM and is shown that it achieves higher diversity gain at all positive multiplexing gains

  15. Proceedings of Industrial Conference on Data Mining, ICDM 2009, Leipzig Ordinal Evaluation: A New Perspective on Country

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robnik-Sikonja, Marko

    Proceedings of Industrial Conference on Data Mining, ICDM 2009, Leipzig Ordinal Evaluation: A New.Robnik@fri.uni-lj.si 2 University of Hasselt, Department of Economics, Universitaire Campus, 3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium in data mining and is a general tool to analyze data with ordinal attributes, including surveys. Its many

  16. TWO-DIMENSIONAL TRANSIENT RADIATIVE HEAT TRANSFER USING DISCRETE ORDINATES METHOD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Zhixiong "James"

    TWO-DIMENSIONAL TRANSIENT RADIATIVE HEAT TRANSFER USING DISCRETE ORDINATES METHOD Zhixiong Guo for the first time to solve transient radiative heat transfer in a two-dimensional rectangular enclosure of solution method of radiative heat transfer in participating media in recent decades. However, the analysis

  17. Finite dualities by forbidding small clique minors Jaroslav Nesetril1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nigussie, Yared

    @kam.mff.cuni.cz 2 Department of Mathematics East Tennessee State University nigussie@etsu.edu August 28, 2011

  18. Evaluation of Boulder, CO,SmartRegs Ordinance and Better Buildings Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arena, L.; Vijayakumar, G.

    2012-04-01

    Under the SmartRegs ordinance in the city of Boulder, Colorado, all rental properties in the city must achieve an energy efficiency level comparable to a HERS Index of approximately 120 points or lower by the year 2019. The City of Boulder received a $12 million grant from the DOEs Better Buildings initiative to create and incentivize their EnergySmart Program. In this report, the Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB) describes its work with the program, including energy audits of rental properties, developing training programs for insulators and inspectors, and conducting interviews with property owners.

  19. Evaluation of Boulder, CO, SmartRegs Ordinance and Better Buildings Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arena, L.; Vijayakumar, G.

    2012-04-01

    Under the SmartRegs ordinance in the city of Boulder, Colorado, all rental properties in the city must achieve an energy efficiency level comparable to a HERS Index of approximately 120 points or lower by the year 2019. The City of Boulder received a $12 million grant from the DOE's Better Buildings initiative to create and incentivize their EnergySmart Program. In this report, the Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB) describes its work with the program, including energy audits of rental properties, developing training programs for insulators and inspectors, and conducting interviews with property owners.

  20. Explosive ordinance disposal technology demonstration using the telerobotic small emplacement excavator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burks, B.L.; Killough, S.M.; Thompson, D.H.; Dinkins, M.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Robotics & Process Systems Div.

    1994-06-01

    The small emplacement excavator (SEE) is a ruggedized military vehicle with backhoe and front loader used by the US Army for explosive ordinance disposal (EOD), combat engineer, and general utility excavation activities. In order to evaluate the feasibility of removing personnel from the vehicle during the high risk EOD excavation tasks a development and demonstration project was initiated to evaluate performance capabilities of the SEE under telerobotic control. This feasibility study was performed at the request of the Ordinance Missile and Munitions Center and School (OMMCS) at the Redstone Arsenal to help define requirements for further joint service development activities. Development of a telerobotic SEE (TSEE) was performed by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in a project funded jointly by the US Army Project Manager for Ammunition Logistics (PM-AMMOLOG) and the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Technology Development (OTD) Robotics Technology Development Program (RTDP). A technology demonstration of the TSEE was conducted at McKinley Range, Redstone Arsenal, Huntsville, Alabama, on September 13--17, 1993. The primary objective of the demonstration was to evaluate and demonstrate the feasibility of remote EOD. During the demonstration, approximately 40 EOD specialists were instructed on telerobotic operation of the TSEE and then were asked to complete a series of simulated EOD tasks. Upon completion of the tasks, participants completed an evaluation of the system including human factors performance data.

  1. USC STRATEGIC VISION MATCHING DEEDS TO AMBITIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLeod, Dennis

    ever before. As the influence of the Pacific Rim rises, significant demographic trends, unprecedented of the Pacific Rim and the world's primary gateway between East and West. Today's great universities are called: but this time, in the Age of the Pacific an environment that is far more global, urban and integrated than

  2. Time-dependent Multi-group Multidimensional Relativistic Radiative Transfer Code Based On Spherical Harmonic Discrete Ordinate Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tominaga, Nozomu; Blinnikov, Sergei I

    2015-01-01

    We develop a time-dependent multi-group multidimensional relativistic radiative transfer code, which is required to numerically investigate radiation from relativistic fluids involved in, e.g., gamma-ray bursts and active galactic nuclei. The code is based on the spherical harmonic discrete ordinate method (SHDOM) that evaluates a source function including anisotropic scattering in spherical harmonics and implicitly solves the static radiative transfer equation with a ray tracing in discrete ordinates. We implement treatments of time dependence, multi-frequency bins, Lorentz transformation, and elastic Thomson and inelastic Compton scattering to the publicly available SHDOM code. Our code adopts a mixed frame approach; the source function is evaluated in the comoving frame whereas the radiative transfer equation is solved in the laboratory frame. This implementation is validated with various test problems and comparisons with results of a relativistic Monte Carlo code. These validations confirm that the code ...

  3. Fusion of Face and Palmprint for Personal Identification Based on Ordinal Rufeng Chu, Shengcai Liao, Yufei Han, Zhenan Sun, Stan Z. Li and Tieniu Tan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Zhigang

    Fusion of Face and Palmprint for Personal Identification Based on Ordinal Features Rufeng Chu using several fusion strategies. Experi- mental results on a middle-scale data set have demonstrated

  4. Sensitivity analysis of reactivity responses using one-dimensional discrete ordinates and three-dimensional Monte Carlo methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, M. L.; Gehin, J. C.; Clarno, K. T. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Bldg. 5700, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6170 (United States)

    2006-07-01

    The TSUNAMI computational sequences currently in the SCALE 5 code system provide an automated approach to performing sensitivity and uncertainty analysis for eigenvalue responses, using either one-dimensional discrete ordinates or three-dimensional Monte Carlo methods. This capability has recently been expanded to address eigenvalue-difference responses such as reactivity changes. This paper describes the methodology and presents results obtained for an example advanced CANDU reactor design. (authors)

  5. Development of a new two-dimensional Cartesian geometry nodal multigroup discrete-ordinates method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pevey, R.E.

    1982-07-01

    The purpose of this work is the development and testing of a new family of methods for calculating the spatial dependence of the neutron density in nuclear systems described in two-dimensional Cartesian geometry. The energy and angular dependence of the neutron density is approximated using the multigroup and discrete ordinates techniques, respectively. The resulting FORTRAN computer code is designed to handle an arbitrary number of spatial, energy, and angle subdivisions. Any degree of scattering anisotropy can be handled by the code for either external source or fission systems. The basic approach is to (1) approximate the spatial variation of the neutron source across each spatial subdivision as an expansion in terms of a user-supplied set of exponential basis functions; (2) solve analytically for the resulting neutron density inside each region; and (3) approximate this density in the basis function space in order to calculate the next iteration flux-dependent source terms. In the general case the calculation is iterative due to neutron sources which depend on the neutron density itself, such as scattering interactions.

  6. Negative spectrum in Harmonic oscillator under simultaneous Non-hermitian transformation of co-ordinate and momentum with Real wave function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biswanath Rath

    2015-02-27

    We notice that PT symmetric non-Hermitian one dimensional simple Harmonic Oscillator under simultaneous transformation of co-ordinate and momentum with proper selection of wave function can also reflect real negative energy eigen spectra provided the associated wave function is well behaved, square integrable and normalised to unity. PACS: 03.65Db, 11.30.Pb, 11.30.Er, 03.65-w Key words: P T symmetry, Non-Hermitian Harmonic oscillator, Negative energy, wave function, simultaneous transformation, co-ordinate, momentum. Perturbation theory.

  7. Zero energy correction method for non-Hermitian Harmonic oscillator with simultaneous transformation of co-ordinate and momentum and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biswanath Rath; P. Mallick

    2015-01-25

    We propose zero energy correction method for non-Hermiition Harmonic oscillator under simultaneous transformation of co-ordinate $(x \\rightarrow \\frac{(x+ i\\lambda p)}{\\sqrt{(1+\\beta \\lambda)}}$ and momentum $(p \\rightarrow \\frac{(p+ i\\beta x)}{\\sqrt{(1+\\beta \\lambda)}}$ for getting energy eigenvalue in place of extending the idea of gaugelike transformation proposed earlier in momentum transformation $(p \\rightarrow p+i\\beta x)$ by Z.Ahmed [Phys.Lett A 294,287 (2002)]. Further energy of non-Hermitian Harmonic oscillator remains the same as that of Harmonic oscillator. PACS: 03. 65 Db Key words.Non-Hermitian Harmonic oscillator, Perturbation theory,Energy level.

  8. WINDExchange: Wind Energy Ordinances

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout /Two0 -UsingHeatInformationDevelopment Resources andWindWind

  9. Deed: City of Piqua to United States of America.

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and700, 1.Reports1 Rev.Metals Case Narrative

  10. Two-dimensional DORT discrete ordinates X-Y geometry neutron flux calculations for the Halden Heavy Boiling Water Reactor core configurations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Slater, C.O.

    1990-07-01

    Results are reported for two-dimensional discrete ordinates, X-Y geometry calculations performed for seven Halden Heavy Boiling Water Reactor core configurations. The calculations were performed in support of an effort to reassess the neutron fluence received by the reactor vessel. Nickel foil measurement data indicated considerable underprediction of fluences by the previously used multigroup removal- diffusion method. Therefore, calculations by a more accurate method were deemed appropriate. For each core configuration, data are presented for (1) integral fluxes in the core and near the vessel wall, (2) neutron spectra at selected locations, (3) isoflux contours superimposed on the geometry models, (4) plots of the geometry models, and (5) input for the calculations. The initial calculations were performed with several mesh sizes. Comparisons of the results from these calculations indicated that the uncertainty in the calculated fluxes should be less than 10%. However, three-dimensional effects (such as axial asymmetry in the fuel loading) could contribute to much greater uncertainty in the calculated neutron fluxes. 7 refs., 22 figs., 11 tabs.

  11. ITER Generic Diagnostic Upper Port Plug Nuclear Heating and Personnel Dose Rate Assesment Neutronics Analysis using the ATTILA Discrete Ordinates Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Russell Feder and Mahmoud Z. Yousef

    2009-05-29

    Neutronics analysis to find nuclear heating rates and personnel dose rates were conducted in support of the integration of diagnostics in to the ITER Upper Port Plugs. Simplified shielding models of the Visible-Infrared diagnostic and of the ECH heating system were incorporated in to the ITER global CAD model. Results for these systems are representative of typical designs with maximum shielding and a small aperture (Vis-IR) and minimal shielding with a large aperture (ECH). The neutronics discrete-ordinates code ATTILA and SEVERIAN (the ATTILA parallel processing version) was used. Material properties and the 500 MW D-T volume source were taken from the ITER Brand Model MCNP benchmark model. A biased quadrature set equivelant to Sn=32 and a scattering degree of Pn=3 were used along with a 46-neutron and 21-gamma FENDL energy subgrouping. Total nuclear heating (neutron plug gamma heating) in the upper port plugs ranged between 380 and 350 kW for the Vis-IR and ECH cases. The ECH or Large Aperture model exhibited lower total heating but much higher peak volumetric heating on the upper port plug structure. Personnel dose rates are calculated in a three step process involving a neutron-only transport calculation, the generation of activation volume sources at pre-defined time steps and finally gamma transport analyses are run for selected time steps. ANSI-ANS 6.1.1 1977 Flux-to-Dose conversion factors were used. Dose rates were evaluated for 1 full year of 500 MW DT operation which is comprised of 3000 1800-second pulses. After one year the machine is shut down for maintenance and personnel are permitted to access the diagnostic interspace after 2-weeks if dose rates are below 100 ?Sv/hr. Dose rates in the Visible-IR diagnostic model after one day of shutdown were 130 ?Sv/hr but fell below the limit to 90 ?Sv/hr 2-weeks later. The Large Aperture or ECH style shielding model exhibited higher and more persistent dose rates. After 1-day the dose rate was 230 ?Sv/hr but was still at 120 ?Sv/hr 4-weeks later. __________________________________________________

  12. Deeds Done in Different Words: A Genre-Based Approach to Third Party Presidential Campaign Discourse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepard, Ryan Michael

    2011-05-31

    Theories about political campaign communication have been based primarily on an understanding of the two-party system. Consequently, the rhetoric of third party presidential candidates has been seen as ineffective or ...

  13. Targeting Illegal Immigration: Local Ordinate Action

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunn, Emily; Moffitt, Jessica; Montemayor, Victoria; Riedel, Sarah; Smith, Bart; Weizel, Daniel

    2008-01-01

    to prevent unauthorized immigration. However, from 1990 to 2005, estimates of the unauthorized alien population in the United States have risen from 3.5 million to 11.5 million people, a 325 percent increase. A small number of localities have taken action... to unauthorized aliens, while others passed legislation targeting day labor centers, loitering, and government services. Consistent with findings made in other studies,1 at the time of our study we found that only approximately 100 localities have...

  14. FILE NO. ORDINANCE NO. Supervisor Tom Ammiano

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    electricity prices, reliability, reasonable electricity rates and sustainability. E. In December, 2002, San Aggregation Program to allow San Francisco to aggregate the electrical load of San Francisco electricity.1, 366, 366.2, 381.1, 394, and 394.25, allow San Francisco to aggregate the electrical load

  15. Guidance for Local Wind Energy Ordinances

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The New York State Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) has created a wind energy toolkit to provide information on various aspects of wind energy development and to help communities that...

  16. Model Ordinance for Renewable Energy Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Oregon Department of Energy issued guidance to local governments to address wind, solar, geothermal, biomass, and co-generation project planning needs at the city and county level in July 2005...

  17. Adaptive discrete-ordinates algorithms and strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone, Joseph Carlyle

    2008-10-10

    problems of practical interest. We start with a "base quadrature set" and add quadrature points as needed in order to resolve the angular flux function. We compare an interpolated angular-flux value against a calculated value. If the values are within a...

  18. Adaptive discrete-ordinates algorithms and strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone, Joseph Carlyle

    2009-05-15

    problems of practical interest. We start with a "base quadrature set" and add quadrature points as needed in order to resolve the angular flux function. We compare an interpolated angular-flux value against a calculated value. If the values are within a...

  19. Compendium of ordinances for groundwater protection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-08-01

    Groundwater is an extremely important resource in the Tennessee Valley. Nearly two-thirds of the Tennessee Valley's residents rely, at least in part, on groundwater supplies for drinking water. In rural areas, approximately ninety-five percent of residents rely on groundwater for domestic supplies. Population growth and economic development increase the volume and kinds of wastes requiring disposal which can lead to groundwater contamination. In addition to disposal which can lead to groundwater contamination. In addition to disposal problems associated with increases in conventional wastewater and solid waste, technological advancements in recent decades have resulted in new chemicals and increased usage in agriculture, industry, and the home. Unfortunately, there has not been comparable progress in identifying the potential long-term effects of these chemicals, in managing them to prevent contamination of groundwater, or in developing treatment technologies for removing them from water once contamination has occurred. The challenge facing residence of the Tennessee Valley is to manage growth and economic and technological development in ways that will avoid polluting the groundwater resource. Once groundwater has been contaminated, cleanup is almost always very costly and is sometimes impractical or technically infeasible. Therefore, prevention of contamination -- not remedial treatment--is the key to continued availability of usable groundwater. This document discusses regulations to aid in this prevention.

  20. Allegany County Wind Ordinance | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    analysis (EIA), the establishment of bonds for the purposes of decommissioning and groundwater protection, as well as the establishment of supplemental safety provisions...

  1. SNAP:SN (Discrete Ordinates) Application Proxy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein1-0845*RV 14800Small Angle X-RayFinalTrigger

  2. Model Wind Ordinance | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAand DOE SafetyofDepartment.Efficiency RebateDepartment

  3. Wind Energy Ordinances | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company)Idaho)VosslohWestConnecticut: Energy Resourcessource

  4. ORDINANCE NO. ________________ N.S. AN ORDINANCE OF THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FOR THE CONSTRUCTION AND/OR RENOVATION OF COMMERCIAL AND RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Now, therefore, the City Council that commercial and residential building renovations and construction projects are consistent with the City construction waste; c. To increase energy efficiency and conservation; and d. To promote the health

  5. Standing while Latino : understanding day labor ordinances in California cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erickson, Emily J.

    2009-01-01

    Kawachi, and and Matthew Marr. "Seeking work daily: supply,Valenzuela, Kawachi, and Marr (2002) find that seeking workValenzuela, Kawachi and Marr 2002, p. 210). Additionally,

  6. Wind Siting Rules and Model Small Wind Ordinance

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    In September 2009, the Governor of Wisconsin signed S.B. 185 (Act 40) directing the Wisconsin Public Service Commission (PSC) to establish statewide wind energy siting rules. PSC Docket 1-AC-231...

  7. Topics in ordinal logistic regression and its applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Hyun Sun

    2004-11-15

    and family, wherever they are, particularly my parents who were a constant source of moral support. I am forever indebted to my parents for their understanding, endless patience and encouragement when it was most required. vi TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT... in the range 1; ;k with the probabilities given above, and let j(x) be the odds that Y j given the covariate values x, that is j(x) = Pr(Y jjx)=f1 Pr(Y jjx)g. Then the proportional odds model is de ned in McCullagh (1980) as j(x) = jexp( 0x) (1...

  8. FITTING AND COMPARISON OF MODELS FOR MULTIVARIATE ORDINAL OUTCOMES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeliazkov, Ivan; Graves, Jennifer; Kutzbach, Mark

    2008-01-01

    about the economy, the war in Iraq, and President George W.ce, approval of the war in Iraq, and status of the nationalshare a lower opinion of the Iraq war and George W. Bushs

  9. Standing while Latino : understanding day labor ordinances in California cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erickson, Emily J.

    2009-01-01

    OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Standing While Latino UnderstandingABSTRACT OF THE THESIS Standing While Latino Understandingcriminalizing them for standing while Latino. Chapter Two

  10. Small Wind Innovation Zone Program and Model Ordinance | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher iSlide 1 More Documents & PublicationsSmall Businesses<<

  11. Standards for Municipal Small Wind Regulations and Model Ordinance |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher iSlide 1 More Documents &1000radiation,<Drew00improving the

  12. Watauga County - Wind Energy System Ordinance | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-Sessions | DepartmentResidential Savings|WashingtoninWaste-to-Energy< Back

  13. Tyrrell County - Wind Energy Facility Ordinance | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE- Non-ResidentialAlliantPGEDepartmentfanVehicleLLCIllness at the Y-12In

  14. Rockingham County - Small Wind Ordinance | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy BillsNo. 195 -Rob Roberts About Us Rob Roberts - Former

  15. An Overview of Existing Wind Energy Ordinances | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, searchAmmonix JumpExisting Wind Energy

  16. Alaska Local Ordinances Governing Nonpoint Source Pollution | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand DaltonSolarOpen5 - Applications JumpPermitsOpen Energy|

  17. Guidelines for Solar and Wind Local Ordinances | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nA Guide to Tapping STD-1128-2013levelGUIDE TO| Departmentcovers

  18. Hyde County - Wind Energy Facility Ordinance | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nA Guide to TappingWORKof EnergyResearch Triangle Institute

  19. Ashe County - Wind Energy System Ordinance | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De p u tCorporationIt's Bike-to-Work Week!! !Investor-Owned

  20. City of Santa Cruz - Solar Access Ordinance | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p aDepartment of Energy <of Energy LocalCommercialResidential

  1. Currituck County - Wind Energy Systems Ordinance | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p aDepartmentEnergyEvery Thanksgiving,isjpgcurrentProjects< Back

  2. Camden County - Wind Energy Systems Ordinance | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a lCarib Energy (USA) LLCAdministrationAward |Investor-Owned Utility

  3. City of Ashland - Solar Rights Ordinance | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a lCaribElectricSouthApplying2-2002Joshua DeLungCommercial Industrial

  4. City of Berkeley - Energy Conservation Ordinance | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a lCaribElectricSouthApplying2-2002Joshua< Back Eligibility

  5. City of Boulder - Solar Access Ordinance | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a lCaribElectricSouthApplying2-2002Joshua<

  6. Acceleration Techniques for Discrete-Ordinates Transport Methods with Highly Forward-Peaked Scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turcksin, Bruno 1985-

    2012-11-28

    In this dissertation, advanced numerical methods for highly forward peaked scattering deterministic calculations are devised, implemented, and assessed. Since electrons interact with the surrounding environment through ...

  7. ECE Seminar Multi-fidelity Optimization with Ordinal Transformation and Optimal Sampling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Institute of Industrial Engineering, National Taiwan University Time and Location, the Best Automation Paper Award from the 2003 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 1994 Eliahu I. Jury Award from Harvard University

  8. Higher Order Discontinuous Finite Element Methods for Discrete Ordinates Thermal Radiative Transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maginot, Peter G

    2015-07-28

    The linear discontinuous finite element method (LDFEM) is the current work horse of the radiation transport community. The popularity of LDFEM is a result of LDFEM (and its Q1 multi-dimensional extensions) being both ...

  9. Bayesian Methods for Cumulative, Sequential and Twostep Ordinal Data Regression Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albert, James H.

    \\Lambda Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, USA Siddhartha Chib Washington University, St of Mathematics and Statistics, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH 43403, USA. Email addresses to 1992. Our data is collected from the 1992 survey. For each individual, we obtain the years of completed

  10. Generation co-ordination and energy trading systems in an open market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eichler, R.

    1998-07-01

    The power industry in many parts of the world is currently undergoing dramatic changes: deregulation, privatization, competition and 3rd party access are the keywords. The major trends are summarized at the beginning of the paper to provide the basis for the evolving consequences for the power generation industry. In the restructured environment of the Open Market power generation companies frequently are organizationally separated from transmission, distribution, and supply and now have to sell their product directly to customers. This necessitates the introduction of energy trading support functions for both bilateral trading and power exchange trading. On the other hand, there is a close relationship between energy trading and the technical process of energy production. The paper discusses design principles for software systems supporting maximum economic benefits. First practical application experience is also presented. The energy trading process requires the break up of proprietary databases and proprietary data structures as this process has a major need to communicate with external partners who normally use different systems. This directly leads to 3rd party products for the database, standardized data structures and standardized communication protocols. The Open Market environment calls for new and modified planning functions: in some cases measured value information necessary for updating load forecasts cannot be directly achieved. This leads to the need for an estimator of the actual load situation, a completely new function. Power scheduling has to take care of the generation company's balance but it need not always be forced to 0. Regulating services from the grid companies can be used instead. This gives the scheduling functions additional freedom for determining more economic overall solutions considering both purchase and services and sales of energy.

  11. A spatial multigrid iterative method for two-dimensional discrete-ordinates transport problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lansrud, Brian David

    2005-08-29

    Introduction to Chapter I............................................................ 1 The Discrete Transport Equation ............................................... 2 Examples of Current Iterative Transport Methods..................... 5................................................................... 16 Current Applications of Spatial-Multigrid Methods to SN Transport Problems........................................................... 17 Krylov Subspace Methods ......................................................... 21 Goals...

  12. Motivating Private Precaution with Public Programs: Insights from a Local Earthquake Mitigation Ordinance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabinovici, Sharyl Jean Marie

    2012-01-01

    Parallel Process Model California Seismic Safety Commissiona database process for tracking seismic retrofit work at thepeople, and processes involved in creating a local seismic

  13. PARALLEL COMPUTATIONS OF RADIATIVE HEAT TRANSFER USING THE DISCRETE ORDINATES METHOD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utah, University of

    of the important radiatively active species (CO2, H2O, soot) and temperature, which are calculated on the spatially increasingly tractable. Issues relating to the use of high-performance computing in participating media heat properties. First we summarize previous applications of spatial decomposition strategies to finite

  14. Barnett Shale Municipal Oil and Gas Ordinance Dynamics: A Spatial Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Trey Daniel-Aaron

    2013-09-27

    Previously unattainable shale gas deposits have become accessible since the late 1990s using a technique called hydraulic fracturing the injection of chemicals, water, and sand into subsurface shale to free extractable gas. This practice, along...

  15. Motivating Private Precaution with Public Programs: Insights from a Local Earthquake Mitigation Ordinance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabinovici, Sharyl Jean Marie

    2012-01-01

    Inspection Division Building Officials Code Administratorswas maintained by the Building Officials Code AdministratorsBuilding Officials International Code Council International

  16. INDEX TO THE STATUTES AND ORDINANCES Proper names of persons are indexed under their surnames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Sophie

    80 for Council 7 for Regent House 5 for University officers 75 Agricultural Economics Unit 636 Alborada Professor of Equine and Farm Animal Science 737 Alcuin Lectureship 767 Algebra, Professor 728.Phil. Degree 516 Tripos 266 Preliminary Examination 259 Supplementary regulations 269 Animal Behaviour, Sub

  17. Ordinances to enable energy efficiency in rental housing in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coleman, Patrick J., M.C.P. (Patrick Joseph). Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01

    Improved energy efficiency in rental housing is important from the perspectives of environmental, economic, and social policy, but upgrades to such buildings lag those of owner-occupied properties. With myriad reasons to ...

  18. Optimal On-line Algorithms for the Uniform Machine Scheduling Problem with Ordinal Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Epstein, Leah

    completion time, has applications in the sequencing of maintenance actions for modular gas turbine aircraft engines [10] and was deeply studied for last two decades [5, 4, 22, 2]. But to the best knowledge

  19. A co-ordinated interaction between CTCF and ER in breast cancer cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross-Innes, Caryn S.; Brown, Gordon D.; Carroll, Jason S.

    2011-12-05

    individual loci, but a multi-context global analysis of CTCF binding and transcription activity is lacking. Results We now map CTCF binding genome wide in breast cancer cells and find that CTCF binding is unchanged in response to estrogen or tamoxifen...

  20. Motivating Private Precaution with Public Programs: Insights from a Local Earthquake Mitigation Ordinance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabinovici, Sharyl Jean Marie

    2012-01-01

    was inaccuracies in BIDs official data; in other cases,provided by BID staff under a data sharing memorandum. Keyadministrative data provided to me by BID staff. As noted

  1. Motivating Private Precaution with Public Programs: Insights from a Local Earthquake Mitigation Ordinance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabinovici, Sharyl Jean Marie

    2012-01-01

    in the Parkfield Earthquake Prediction Experiment." Riskof earthquake occurrence have proven accurate prediction toand predictions that even experts view as highly complex and uncertain. Earthquake

  2. Norman Ailberry, Co-ordinator of Ebztra-I.&oratory Activities

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and MyersHr.EvaluationJune~ofOF.+,-a-r&

  3. ARM - Field Campaign - Co-ordinated Airborne Studies in the Tropics - CAST

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better Anode Design to Improve4AJ01) (See22,Microphysical PropertiesgovCampaignsCloud

  4. From the Frontlines to the Bottom Line: Medical Marijuana, the War on Drugs, and the Drug Policy Reform Movement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heddleston, Thomas Reed

    2012-01-01

    target people of color with sanctions. Through differentialThe ONDCP noted that sanctions could include forbidding

  5. Revised Disciplinary, Grievance and Dismissal Procedures amended by Council Dec 2012 page 1 of 6 ORDINANCE 32

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bearhop, Stuart

    with Section 188 of the Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act (`TULRCA'), on how to avoid `at risk' through the application of the Redundancy Procedure, in accordance with the University

  6. Labelling techniques of biomolecules for targeted radiotherapy. Final report of a co-ordinated research project 1998-2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Atomic Energ Agency. Vienna

    2003-01-01

    Malignant tumour disease accounts for approximately one third of deaths worldwide. Gastrointestinal adenocarcinomas, prostate and breast cancers are among the most frequently appearing tumours. Radiotherapy is an essential mode of treatment of all cancer patients either alone or in conjunction with other modalities like surgery and chemotherapy. In most cases radiotherapy is given using external radiation sources. It is also possible to administer radiotherapy by specifically localizing radioisotopes emitting particulate radiation in the tumour tissue. This targeted therapy has proved to have several advantages over external beam therapy, notably the possibility of selectively delivering higher radiation doses to the targeted tumour cells and treating multiple metastases. Procedures for therapy of thyroid carcinoma and hyper-thyroidism using radioiodine (131I) introduced about five decades ago, have stood the test of time and are still widely used the world over. In addition to the therapeutic nuclides of the...

  7. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATIC CONTROL, VOL. 43, NO. 7, JULY 1998 881 Ordinal Optimization for a Class of Deterministic and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cassandras, Christos G.

    allocation search space. In addition, if no closed-form expressions are available for the cost function for a Class of Deterministic and Stochastic Discrete Resource Allocation Problems Christos G. Cassandras of discrete resource allocation problems which are hard due to the combinatorial explosion of the feasible

  8. Model As-of Right Zoning Ordinance or Bylaw: Allowing Use of Large-Scale Solar Energy Facilities

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    As part of the Green Communities Act (passed in 2008), the Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources (DOER) and the Massachusetts Executive Office of Environmental Affairs (EOEA) developed an ...

  9. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    City of Los Angeles- Green Building Retrofit Requirement In April 2009, Los Angeles enacted Ordinance 180636, known as the Green Building Retrofit Ordinance. This ordinance was...

  10. Solar Rights | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    covenant, restriction or condition attached to a property deed that restricts the use of solar energy. This law sustained a legal challenge in 2000. A Maricopa County Superior...

  11. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 5- Fugitive Dust (Rhode Island) These regulations aim to prevent the release of fugitive dust by forbidding the handling, transportation,...

  12. Co-ordination of the International Network of Nuclear Structure and Decay Data Evaluators; Summary Report of an IAEA Technical Meeting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abriola, D.; Tuli, J.

    2009-03-23

    The IAEA Nuclear Data Section convened the 18th meeting of the International Network of Nuclear Structure and Decay Data Evaluators at the IAEA Headquarters, Vienna, 23 to 27 March 2009. This meeting was attended by 22 scientists from 14 Member States, plus IAEA staff, concerned with the compilation, evaluation and dissemination of nuclear structure and decay data. A summary of the meeting, recommendations/conclusions, data centre reports, and various proposals considered, modified and agreed by the participants are contained within this document. The International Network of Nuclear Structure and Decay Data (NSDD) Evaluators holds biennial meetings under the auspices of the IAEA, and consists of evaluation groups and data service centres in several countries. This network has the objective of providing up-to-date nuclear structure and decay data for all known nuclides by evaluating all existing experimental data. Data resulting from this international evaluation collaboration is included in the Evaluated Nuclear Structure Data File (ENSDF) and published in the journals Nuclear Physics A and Nuclear Data Sheets (NDS).

  13. Plagiarism Statement (Chinese version) updated Jan 06, June 07, April 08) http://www.hw.ac.uk/ordinances/regulations.pdf 50

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenaway, Alan

    Plagiarism Statement (Chinese version) updated Jan 06, June 07, April 08) 1 http Office Page 1 of 4 #12;Plagiarism Statement (Chinese version) updated Jan 06, June 07, April 08) 3.3. 3://www.essex.ac.uk/plagiarism/common_excuses.htm) Created by Chris Knighting, Academic Registrars Office Page 2 of 4 #12;Plagiarism Statement (Chinese

  14. ORDINANCE OF THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF REDWOOD CITY ADDING ARTICLE X OF CHAPTER 9 OF THE REDWOOD CITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of construction, demolition, and renovation. Green building practices recognize the relationship between the natural and built environments and seek to minimize the use of energy, water, and other natural resources means person certified by Build It Green organization. G. "LEED@" means the "Leadership in Energy

  15. King County- Green Building Initiative

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The 2013 Ordinance establishes criteria for energy use, emissions, stormwater management, and construction and demolition materials diversion. The2010 Ordinance 16769 previously stipulated effic...

  16. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Tyrrell County- Wind Energy Facility Ordinance Tyrrell County, located in northeastern North Carolina, adopted a wind ordinance in 2009 to regulate the use of wind energy...

  17. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Rockingham County- Small Wind Ordinance Although net metering is not required, the ordinance complements the state's net-metering regulations and requires compliance with the...

  18. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Standards for Municipal Small Wind Regulations and Model Ordinance In July 2008, New Hampshire enacted legislation designed to prevent municipalities from adopting ordinances or...

  19. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Heat, Solar Space Heat, Solar Photovoltaics, Solar Pool Heating Rockingham County- Small Wind Ordinance Although net metering is not required, the ordinance complements the...

  20. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Model Ordinance for Siting of Wind-Energy Systems With respect to small wind turbines, the model ordinance addresses setbacks, access, lighting, noise, appearance, code compliance,...

  1. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Process Heat, Solar Photovoltaics, Wind (All), Wind (Small) Rockingham County- Small Wind Ordinance Although net metering is not required, the ordinance complements the...

  2. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Passive, Solar Water Heat, Solar Space Heat, Solar Photovoltaics Rockingham County- Small Wind Ordinance Although net metering is not required, the ordinance complements the...

  3. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    MeasuresWhole Building, Wind (Small), Anaerobic Digestion Rockingham County- Small Wind Ordinance Although net metering is not required, the ordinance complements the...

  4. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (Small), Anaerobic Digestion, Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels Rockingham County- Small Wind Ordinance Although net metering is not required, the ordinance complements the...

  5. DeLib Materials Donation Form Address

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    DeLib Materials Donation Form Name: Address: Phone Materials:____________ I, ______________________________ (signature), hereby deed this gift of library materials to the Distributed eLibrary of Weill Cornell Medical

  6. MICROREVIEW Improving the Properties of Organic Dyes by Molecular Encapsulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Bradley D.

    ] Modern research on organic dyes includes in- vestigations of building blocks for conjugated polymers, hy-consuming synthetic processes. In- deed, molecular encapsulation is an effective way to recycle familiar dyes

  7. Self-Blame in Cicero's First Catilinarian Oration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huggard-Lee, Tiffany

    2011-04-22

    describes this use in his De Partitione Oratoria. This kind of speaking, however, is composed of narrating and explaining deeds without any argumentation, it is moving to the mind, drawing it gently in a more suitable manner than establishing...

  8. The Impact on Maine's Budget of Allowing Same-Sex Couples to Marry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramos, Christopher; Badgett, M.V. Lee; Steinberger, Michael D; Sears, Brad

    2009-01-01

    Community Survey data on Maines Same-sex couples. Ramos,to Same-Sex Couples in Maine. The Williams Institute.the recording of the deed. Maine Revenue Services Property

  9. Port Royal, Jamaica, and the slave trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, David A

    2000-01-01

    for understanding the conduct of the slave trade in Port Royal. Primary documents, which include official records, personal accounts, correspondence, probate inventories, wills and records of deeds and grants, reveal information beyond census and volume...

  10. Mexico's Second City: The 1971-72 Season.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leinaweaver, Richard E.

    1972-10-01

    was excellent, the music fit the word and the deed, and indeed it was the season's highpoint. Unin Nacional de Autores brought Felipe Santander's Luna de miel para . . . diez from Mexico and somewhat dishonestly attempted to capitalize on Zara tustra... was excellent, the music fit the word and the deed, and indeed it was the season's highpoint. Unin Nacional de Autores brought Felipe Santander's Luna de miel para . . . diez from Mexico and somewhat dishonestly attempted to capitalize on Zara tustra...

  11. Practical Private Set Intersection Protocols with Linear Computational and Bandwidth Complexity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    that employees of its industrial contractor have no criminal records. Neither the agency nor the contractor accounts with a certain foreign bank and, if so, obtain their account records. The bank's domicile forbids

  12. After Exodus : re-occupation of the metropolitan wall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allison, Jordan Lloyd Norman

    2012-01-01

    The title "Exodus alludes to a restricted exclave encircled by a forbidding wall -- effect, a prison on the scale of a metropolis, and one in which people sought refuge voluntarily. Over the past forty years, similar walls ...

  13. How to recreate a table after deletion | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    0 Get to look at the code it seems like some DboTableMeta row is not deleted which causes creation to be forbid. Is it intended or is it some kind of bug ? Dbinder on 25...

  14. Peter Galison Interviewed by B. R. Cohen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galison, Peter L.

    moving. You would have wanted to keep an enemy from knowing how to use centrifuges to separate the explosive kind of uranium. This meant forbidding the dissemi- nation of vast, expensive, and interconnected

  15. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Camden County- Wind Energy Systems Ordinance In September 2007, Camden County adopted a wind ordinance to regulate the use of wind-energy systems in the county and to describe the...

  16. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Ashe County- Wind Energy System Ordinance In 2007 Ashe County adopted a wind ordinance to regulate the use of wind-energy systems in unincorporated areas of the county and to...

  17. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Watauga County- Wind Energy System Ordinance In 2006, Watauga County adopted a wind ordinance to regulate the use of wind-energy systems in the county and to describe the...

  18. Statewide Renewable Energy Setback Standards

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    TheIllinois Institute for Rural Affairsoffers a database of county ordinances and zoning laws related to wind.

  19. Curriculum Vitae Nandini Ramesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon, Arnold L.

    - ups and promotes eco-friendly development of the beaches of Chennai in co- ordination with the Student

  20. Introduction InverseAnalysis Criteria significances Conclusions Bibliography The Electre like outranking approach to MCDA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bisdorff, Raymond

    -aggregation or ordinal regression methods have been proposed in MAUT and MAVT contexts: Jacquet-Lagr`eze & Siskos 82

  1. Encroachment by Word, Axis, and Tree: Mapping Techniques from the Colonization of New England

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pearce, Margaret Wickens

    2004-01-01

    , and the town clerk) negotiated and recorded the terms and price of the land sale in a Native land conveyance. If the deed or conveyance was successful, a royal patent was issued for the land described in the deed. After receiving the patent, the proprietors... made and used the maps, the form of the maps which resulted, and the uses to which the maps were put. Local maps were intended only for town records and required legibility and legality sufficient to obtain the royal patent; they would never...

  2. Gauged B-xiL origin of R parity and its implications

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Lee, Hye-Sung; Ma, Ernest

    2010-05-01

    Gauged B-L is a popular candidate for the origin of the conservation of R parity, i.e.R=(-)3B+L+2j, in supersymmetry, but it fails to forbid the effective dimension-five terms arising from the superfield combinations QQQL, ucucdcec, and ucdcdcNc, which allow the proton to decay. Changing it to B-xiL, where xe+x?+x?=3 (with xi?1) for the three families, would forbid these terms while still serving as a gauge origin of Rparity. We show how this is achieved in two minimal models with realistic neutrino mass matrices, and discuss their phenomenological implications.

  3. Turning Tragedy inTo opporTuniTy When James Lyons '03 enlisted in the army after

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McConnell, Terry

    Turning Tragedy inTo opporTuniTy When James Lyons '03 enlisted in the army after graduation from and worked hard in biochemistry--not an easy degree program." His father, Bob Lyons, echoes this assessment heard about his good deeds." Scholarship to ease Burden of Loss Despite their grief, Lyons's fiance

  4. 23 March 2002 (c) 2002 Filippo A. Salustri 1 Product Design Specifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salustri, Filippo A.

    Aka the 80/20 rule time cost Oops! #12;23 March 2002 (c) 2002 Filippo A. Salustri 3 What's the Problem://deed.ryerson.ca/~fil/ #12;23 March 2002 (c) 2002 Filippo A. Salustri 2 What's the Problem? The Pareto Principle in Design

  5. (Re)Introduction http://www.law.miami.edu/library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyu, Mei-Ling

    , Cost, Format, Scope Restate #12;Plan Your Research 1. Issue Statement: 2. Key Terms: 3. Resources the effect of prohibiting solar collectors, clotheslines, or other energy devices based on renewable to install solar collectors or other energy devices by any entity granted the power or right in any deed

  6. The Requirements for Becoming and Operating a Winery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the winery operation such as road signage, times of retail sales operation, guidelines for holding special of owners within 300 feet Copy of current paid tax bill, deed or other proof of ownership Statement with regard to access to the premises, required sprinkler systems, etc.; (b) the road commission; (c

  7. Quantifying Threats to Imperiled Species in the United States Author(s): David S. Wilcove, David Rothstein, Jason Dubow, Ali Phillips, Elizabeth Losos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    activities and the loss of biodiversity. In this article, we quantify the extent to which various human ac. Everything from highway construction to cattle ranch- ing to leaky bait buckets has been implicated of the extent to which each of these factors-much less the more specific deeds encom- Habitat loss is the single

  8. Overall Motivation for Fusion Integrated Simulations: Developing Improved Fusion Power Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammett, Greg

    designs. In- deed, the ITER steady-state scenarios assume H98 ~1.5 to reduce the needed current drive that are currently being explored in the fusion program to improve fusion reactor designs, and some of these could with reduced construction costs are attractive for part of the market and can help reduce power loads

  9. 6, 96559722, 2006 Arctic smoke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Discussions Arctic smoke record high air pollution levels in the European Arctic due to agricultural fires into the European Arctic and caused the most severe air pollution episodes ever recorded there. This paper confirms that biomass burning (BB) was in-5 deed the source of the observed air pollution, studies the transport

  10. UC Irvine Police Department 150 Public Services Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mease, Kenneth D.

    certificates, deed/lease to home, insurance policies) Emergency Management Zot Portal Page http://police.uci.edu Click on `Emergency Management' Emergency Management Blog http://sites.uci.edu/emergencymanagement/ UC Numbers #12;Whether in your home, a classroom, or a tall building, knowing how to protect yourself during

  11. ORCID Primer (Faculty and Students) --1 ORCID Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Wendell T.

    2014-07-14 This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.en_US. #12; ORCID Primer with every grant proposal and award. The federal agencies are currently developing a cross-agency researcher

  12. ON THE MAILLET--BAKER CONTINUED FRACTIONS BORIS ADAMCZEWSKI, YANN BUGEAUD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bugeaud, Yann

    irrational algebraic number # either is eventually periodic (and we know that this is the case if, and only by quadratic irrationals. In­ deed, under the previous assumption, the quadratic irrational real numbers # n the Schmidt Subspace Theorem to establish the transcendence of a class of quasi­periodic continued fractions

  13. Toward a normative theory of rationality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stovall, Preston John

    2009-05-15

    This project offers an articulation of rationality in terms of normativitythat what it means to be acting rationally, in thought or in deed, can be understood via a notion of being bound or obliged to certain behaviors given a prior structure...

  14. Department of Geology and Geophysics Frederick A. Sutton Building 115 South 1460 East, Room 383, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112-0102 (801) 581-7162 FAX (801) 581-7065

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Cari

    Department of Geology and Geophysics Frederick A. Sutton Building 115 South 1460 East, Room 383/2012 Deed of Gift to The University of Utah Department of Geology and Geophysics Donor's Information, to the Department of Geology and Geophysics of the University of Utah as an unrestricted gift. Filled out and sign

  15. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE CoZZoque CO, suppldment au n08, Tome 41, aoet 1980, page C8-850 VISCOELASTIC AND PLASTIC BEHAVIOUR OF METALLIC AND OTHER GLASSES NEAR THE GLASS TRANSITION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    - deed, a recoverable strain does exist when the load is removed during a creep test [ 3,4]. 11-2- Semi properties (internal friction and creep) of several glasses (metallic, semi-conductor and oxydes glass of micromechanical properties (internal friction tgt, creep, stress relaxation...). Indeed, such measure- ments lead

  16. Deriving Morality from Politics: Rethinking the Formula of Humanity Author(s): Japa Pallikkathayil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machery, Edouard

    Deriving Morality from Politics: Rethinking the Formula of Humanity Author(s): Japa Pallikkathayil-1704/2010/12101-0001$10.00 116 Deriving Morality from Politics: Rethinking the Formula of Humanity* Japa Pallikkathayil Kant's Formula of Humanity famously forbids treating others merely as a means. It is unclear, however, what

  17. Agent Cooperatives for Effective Power Consumption Shifting Charilaos Akasiadis and Georgios Chalkiadakis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chalkiadakis, Georgios

    it experimentally. Introduction The expanding application of Smart Grid and "clean" energy production technologies intervals. The scheme takes into ac- count individual costs, and uses a strictly proper scor- ing rule with initially forbidding shifting costs to participate in the scheme, and is achieved by a weakly budget

  18. Neutrinoless double beta decay in an $SU(3)_L\\otimes U(1)_N$ model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Pleitez; M. D. Tonasse

    1993-02-01

    We consider a model for the electroweak interactions with $SU(3)_L\\otimes U(1)_N$ gauge symmetry. We show that, it is the conservation of $F=L+B$ which forbids massive neutrinos and the neutrinoless double beta decay, $(\\beta\\beta)_{0\

  19. A note on regular black holes in a brane world

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neves, J C S

    2015-01-01

    In this work, we show that regular black holes in a Randall-Sundrum-type brane world model are generated by the non-local bulk influence, expressed by a constant parameter in the brane metric, only in the spherical case. In the axial case (black holes with rotation), this influence forbids them.

  20. The Concord Saunterer: A Journal of Thoreau Studies, N.S. Vol. 16, Thoreau's Translations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, Robert

    , forbidding. There is no sense of the human or even of life only boulders, precariously balanced, as if cast Fuller: I expected that I should have to look very narrowly at the sand to find so small an object the insignificant stick or sliver which marked the spot looked like a broken spar in the sand. There lay the relics

  1. Flapping Flight for Biomimetic Robotic Insects Part II: Flight Control Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sastry, S. Shankar

    Schenato, and Shankar Sastry, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences University, aerodynamics for inch-size flapping robots differ greatly from manmade fixed or rotary-winged vehicles [2]. Second, size constraints forbid the use of rotary electric motors and commercial inertial navigation

  2. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Savings Standards for Municipal Small Wind Regulations and Model Ordinance In July 2008, New Hampshire enacted legislation designed to prevent municipalities from adopting...

  3. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Residential Savings Category: Solar - Passive, Solar Water Heat, Solar Space Heat, Solar Photovoltaics, Wind (All), Wind (Small) Solar Rights Ordinances, bylaws, or...

  4. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Technologies Local Option- Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems Alaska enacted legislation in June 2010 that authorizes municipalities to pass ordinances...

  5. APSAI

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    003158IBMPC00 Activity Calculations and Plotting of Neutron or Gamma-Ray Spectra Generated by Discrete Ordinates Code System ANISN

  6. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (1) data covariances (1) discrete ordinate method (1) economics (1) efficiency (1) electricity (1) energy conservation, consumption, and utilization (1) energy planning,...

  7. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    City of Atlanta- Sustainable Development Design Standards In December 2003, the City of Atlanta passed a green building ordinance that applies to city-owned facilities and...

  8. This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    using ordinal logistic regression to rank these parameters against one another to determine which had, state Departments of Transportation (DOTs) and their maintenance crews reacted to rockfall

  9. City of Brenham- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The ordinance includes a standard form interconnection application and agreement as well as standard riders. Customers must provide all equipment necessary to meet applicable safety, power quality...

  10. Urban Form, Wind, Comfort, and Sustainability: The San Francisco Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Hyungkoo

    2014-01-01

    59 Figure 46. Measurement of windDesigning for an Acceptable Wind Environment. Transportation1989). Developing the San Francisco wind ordinance and its

  11. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Renewable Energy Setback Standards The Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs offers a database of county ordinances and zoning laws related to wind. Eligibility: Commercial,...

  12. Building Codes and Regulations for Solar Water Heating Systems...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Before installing a solar water heating system, you should investigate local building codes, zoning ordinances, and subdivision covenants, as well as any special...

  13. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Family Dwelling Energy Efficiency Ordinance went into effect on January 1, 2003. The building code has grown in strength and scope through the years and the... Eligibility:...

  14. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Standards for Municipal Small Wind Regulations and Model Ordinance In July 2008, New Hampshire enacted legislation...

  15. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Marin County- Green Building Requirements Marin County's original Single Family Dwelling Energy Efficiency Ordinance went into effect on January 1, 2003. The building code has...

  16. Building Codes and Regulations for Solar Water Heating Systems...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Photo Credit: iStockphoto Photo Credit: iStockphoto Before installing a solar water heating system, you should investigate local building codes, zoning ordinances, and subdivision...

  17. Delivering Energy Efficiency to Middle Income Single Family Households

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zimring, Mark

    2012-01-01

    water) Conservation Ordinance WIPP DOEs WeatherizationInnovation Pilot Program (WIPP), awarded $30 million to 16around the country. The WIPP initiatives seek to overcome a

  18. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Solar and Wind Easements, Local Options, and Severability Local Ordinances and Zoning Eligibility: Commercial, Industrial, Local Government, Nonprofit, Residential, Schools, State...

  19. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Local Option- Special Assessment of Wind Energy Devices Any city or county in Iowa may pass an ordinance assessing wind energy conversion equipment at a special valuation for...

  20. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Institutional Savings Category: Wind (All), Wind (Small) Tyrrell County- Wind Energy Facility Ordinance Tyrrell County, located in northeastern North Carolina, adopted a...

  1. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Digestion, Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels Model Wind Ordinance In July, 2008 the North Carolina Wind Working Group, a coalition of state government, non-profit and wind...

  2. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Savings Category: Wind (All), Wind (Small) Model Wind Ordinance In July, 2008 the North Carolina Wind Working Group, a coalition of state government, non-profit and wind...

  3. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Solar Thermal Process Heat, Solar Photovoltaics Solar Rights Cities and counties in North Carolina generally may not adopt ordinances prohibiting the installation of "a solar...

  4. DOE Buildings Performance Database

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Impacts: Example Applications of BPD * Local Benchmarking: - New York, San Francisco, and DC contribute data from local energy-disclosure ordinances - Allow local building owners...

  5. Prosper Sustainably Webinar: Tribal Environmental Codes Development

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Hosted by Prosper Sustainably, this webinar will provide a brief overview and guidance on the process of drafting tribal environmental codes, ordinances, and regulations that cover environmental...

  6. Bounding the role of black carbon in the climate system: A scientific assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    with air pollution controls, improved combustion and a fuelindoor air pollution and improve combustion by adding draftPollution Control Act, Ordinance on small and medium- sized combustion

  7. Clark County- Energy Conservation Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In September 2010, Clark County adopted Ordinance 3897, implementing the Southern Nevada version of the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code for both residential and commercial buildings...

  8. Psychological and Physiological Responses following Repeated Peer Death

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andersen, Judith Pizarro; Silver, Roxane Cohen; Stewart, Brandon; Koperwas, Billie; Kirschbaum, Clemens; Laks, Jerson

    2013-01-01

    TX) and the R Statistical Computing Language [20]. OrdinalR Core Team (2013) R: A language and environment for statistical

  9. Local Option- Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Beginning in October 2013, a municipality may also adopt an ordinance to exempt commercial or industrial Class I renewable resources*, certain hydropower facilities**, or solar thermal or geother...

  10. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Government Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Small Wind Innovation Zone Program and Model Ordinance Under this program, small wind is...

  11. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Geothermal Heat Pumps, Daylighting, Comprehensive MeasuresWhole Building, Wind (Small), Hydroelectric (Small) City of Berkeley- Energy Conservation Ordinance The City of...

  12. Solar Rights

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Ordinances, bylaws, or regulations may reasonably restrict the installation and use of solar energy devices to protect public health and safety, buildings from damage, historic/aesthetic values ...

  13. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Carolina generally may not adopt ordinances prohibiting the installation of "a solar collector that gathers solar radiation as a substitute for traditional energy for......

  14. Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Evaluation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    comply with the Boulder SmartRegs Ordinance. Evaluation of a Multifamily Retrofit in Climate Zone 5 - Boulder, Colorado More Documents & Publications Building America Expert...

  15. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Anaerobic Digestion, Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels Standards for Municipal Small Wind Regulations and Model Ordinance In July 2008, New Hampshire enacted legislation...

  16. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Institutional Savings Category: Wind (All), Wind (Small) Standards for Municipal Small Wind Regulations and Model Ordinance In July 2008, New Hampshire enacted legislation...

  17. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    pending approval, Other EE, Reflective Roofs, LED Lighting Standards for Municipal Small Wind Regulations and Model Ordinance In July 2008, New Hampshire enacted legislation...

  18. Parallel Block Coordinate Minimization with Application to Group ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    beppe

    2015-03-13

    [14] A. Saha and A. Tewari. On the nonasymptotic convergence of cyclic co- ordinate descent methods. SIAM Journal on Optimization, 23(1):576. 601, 2013.

  19. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    for siting renewable energy systems. The ordinance defines renewable energy as "energy derived primarily from sources other than fossil... Eligibility: Commercial, Industrial,...

  20. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    may not adopt ordinances prohibiting the installation of "a solar collector that gathers solar radiation as a substitute for traditional energy for... Eligibility: Residential,...

  1. Waste Minimization: A Hidden Energy Savings?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Good, R. L.; Hunt, K. E.

    1989-01-01

    capital project) 6. 30 year monitoring of closed landfill (on going expense) 7. Real estate cost (will have deed restrict ion limiting future use of land) If disposal costs are to effectively be charged against current product manufacturing costs... vation and Recovery Act (RCRA), serve to regulate waste handling, storage, and disposal. However, these and other governmental laws and regulations have a common purpose: ultimate waste management is not producing waste at all. The common terms...

  2. The relationship of Hexamita sp. to mortalities of the Texas commerical oyster, Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin), maintained under laboratory conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlicht, Frank Glovis

    1963-01-01

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ . . ~ 46 ~ ~ ~ 49 vii FIGURE IUDEX Figure Percent of Oyster Deaths and Percent Dead Oysters Examined by Smear Found to be Infected with Hexamita in Group Page I ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ e ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ e ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ a... ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 20 Day-By-Day Mortality of Oysters and Levels of Infection of Hexamita in Group Ios ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ e ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o ~ e ~ . ~ o ~ 21 Percent of Oyster Deaths and Percent Deed Oysters Examined by Smear...

  3. Race, Place, and Family: Narratives of the Civil Rights Movement in Brownsville, Tennessee, and the Nation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bond, Jo Zanice

    2011-12-31

    . Rhonda was poised throughout, even when a committee member asked his question in Portuguese. Thanks to Anessa Magras, also a friend in Nashville, who supported me in both word and deed. She helped me tremendously by going through stacks of master...-ha moment led me to American Studies. I am indebted to my parents Maltimore and Cynthia Rawls Bond who have always provided emotional, spiritual, psychological, and financial support. They have listened, encouraged, indulged, and prayed for me in my...

  4. Member, District #9 Board of Supervisors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    to use the state's "Community Choice" law to switch San Francisco to a new power supplier for electricity of the City's Electricity Resource Plan. Supervisor Tom Ammiano announced his "Energy Independence Ordinance, Greenpeace USA and TURN at a Tuesday press conference in City Hall. The ordinance follows a recent California

  5. TFA classe A047 Classe A047 Cognome e Nome Voto prova scritta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Genova, Universit degli Studi di

    degeneri) con asse di simmetria parallelo all'asse delle ordinate e tangenti alla retta y=x+1 nel punto (1) Esistono rette parallele all'asse delle ordinate che non sono assi di simmetria di parabole dell'insieme P

  6. Some Properties of Realcompact Subspaces and Coarser Normal Spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niknejad, Jila

    2009-04-23

    William Fleissner. In 1997 Buzjakova proved that for a pseudocompact space X, there exists an ordinal such that the product of X and that ordinal condenses onto a normal space if and only if X condenses onto a compact space. In the third chapter, we extend...

  7. LEEDBuilding LocalGovernments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radcliffe, David

    their jurisdictions' green building programs. #12;1LEED Building Ordinances for Local Governments LEED Building are increasingly common. Most of these ordinances adopt the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Green Rating System, promulgated by the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC). The LEED rating system sets

  8. Breakdown of the photon lifetime concept in optical cavities with negative group delay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lauprtre, T; Ghosh, R; Carusotto, I; Goldfarb, F; Bretenaker, F

    2011-01-01

    The concept of photon lifetime in a cavity is shown to be non-relevant in the case where the cavity round-trip group delay is negative due to the presence of a strong intracavity negative dispersion. Causality is shown to forbid the cavity spectrum from being a single Lorentzian. These features are tested experimentally using intracavity detuned electromagnetically induced transparency in room-temperature metastable helium.

  9. Supplementary neutron-flux calculations for the ORNL Pool Critical Assembly Pressure Vessel Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maudlin, P.J.; Maerker, R.E.

    1982-01-01

    A three-dimensional Monte Carlo calculation using the MORSE code was performed to validate a procedure previously adopted in the ORNL discrete ordinate analysis of measurements made in the ORNL Pool Critical Assembly Pressure Vessel Facility. The results of these flux calculations agree, within statistical undertainties of about 5%, with those obtained from a discrete ordinate analysis employing the same procedure. This study therefore concludes that the procedure for combining several one- and two-dimensional discrete ordinate calculations into a three-dimensional flux is sufficiently accurate that it does not account for the existing discrepancies observed between calculations and measurements in this facility.

  10. The effect of ice crystal surface roughness on the retrieval of ice cloud microphysical and optical properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Yu

    2007-09-17

    ?µm). The discrete ordinates radiative transfer (DISORT) model is used to compute the radiances for a set of optical thicknesses, particle effective sizes, viewing and illumination angles, and cloud temperatures. A parameterization of cloud bi...

  11. Section 4. Inventory Table of Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Section 4. Inventory Table of Contents 4.1 Existing Legal Protections Protections Level Name Clean Water Act Endangered Species Act Migratory Bird Treaty Act National Environmental State Instream Water Rights Oregon Water Resources Department Morrow County Zoning Ordinance Morrow

  12. Modeling Personalized Email Prioritization: Classification-based and Regression-based Approaches

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoo S.; Yang, Y.; Carbonell, J.

    2011-10-24

    Email overload, even after spam filtering, presents a serious productivity challenge for busy professionals and executives. One solution is automated prioritization of incoming emails to ensure the most important are read and processed quickly, while others are processed later as/if time permits in declining priority levels. This paper presents a study of machine learning approaches to email prioritization into discrete levels, comparing ordinal regression versus classier cascades. Given the ordinal nature of discrete email priority levels, SVM ordinal regression would be expected to perform well, but surprisingly a cascade of SVM classifiers significantly outperforms ordinal regression for email prioritization. In contrast, SVM regression performs well -- better than classifiers -- on selected UCI data sets. This unexpected performance inversion is analyzed and results are presented, providing core functionality for email prioritization systems.

  13. In: Proceedings of CoNLL-2000 and LLL-2000, pages 127-132, Lisbon, Portugal, 2000. Introduction to the CoNLL-2000 Shared Task: Chunking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the possessive marker (e.g. [NP Eastern Air- lines ] [NP ' creditors ]) and the handling of co- 127 #12;ordinated NPs follows the Treebank annotators. However, as Ramshaw and Marcus do not de- scribe the details

  14. PERTURBATIONS OF VECTOR FIELDS ON TORI: RESONANT NORMAL FORMS AND DIOPHANTINE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Partially supported by VolkswagenStiftung (RiPprogram at Oberwolfach), by a Co ordinated Research Project of the University of Cagliari, by MURST, Italy, and by NFS, Bulgaria. Partially supported by VolkswagenStiftung (Ri

  15. Public art in Massachusetts : an analysis of municipal-based practices and approaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogoff, Jonah

    2014-01-01

    Nationwide, there exists a wide disparity between municipal-based public art programs. Mid to large sized cities typically have public art commissions, percent for art ordinances and various programs with full-time, internal ...

  16. VERBALE DELLA SEDUTA DEL CONSIGLIO DI DIPARTIMENTO DI SCIENZE DELLA TERRA DELL'UNIVERSITA' DEGLI STUDI DI ROMA "LA SAPIENZA"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    laurea in memoria delle vittime del terremoto dell'Aquila patrocinato dall'Ordine Nazionale dei Geologi e dall'Associazione vittime universitarie del terremoto dell'Aquila del 6 aprile 2009. Il Direttore

  17. Exploring ruthenium dye synthesis and TiO2-dye-I-/I3- electron transfer reactions in a dye-sensitised solar cell.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chadwick, Nina

    2013-11-28

    Octahedral, six co-ordinate ruthenium complexes containing acid substituted polypyridyl ligands have proved particularly successful as dyes for Dye-Sensitised Solar Cells (DSSCs); thus there have been hundreds, if not ...

  18. Miami-Dade County- Sustainable Buildings Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2005, the Miami-Dade Board of County Commissioners passed a resolution to incorporate sustainable building measures into county facilities. In 2007, Ordinance 07-65 created the Sustainable...

  19. La Comunidad del Futuro Hidalgo Comprehensive Plan: 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bond, Alsie; Carlson, Todd B.; Sanchez, J. Martin; Schumann, Gregory; Baker, Barton; Benthul, Bart; Biggs, John; Cervantes, Xavier; Cross, Shelia; Derkits, Janna; Gonzalez, Roberto; Head, Aric; McCoy, Michelle; Nance, Tara; Orr, Karen; Phillips, Kimberly; Schoonmaker, Scott; Sims, Stephens; Soltan, Laleh; Stevens, Thomas; Hahn, Mary; Teal, Mike; Wiruchaphan, Sani; Yang, Min-Fang; Pugh, David

    1995-01-01

    Developed conceptual designs for the Office Park and Mercado, Bridge Street, and Coma Street. Teams evaluated current zoning ordinances and made recommendations for the future. The comprehensive plan was formulated and ...

  20. S with 2000 data INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (IEA), the Statistical Division of the Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations-ordination with Eurostat for European Union member countries, the IEA is now publishing the data from the second year

  1. National Idling Reduction Network News - October 2011

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    temperature is below 32 F or above 90 F. Additionally, the ordinance does not apply to emergency and airport-support vehicles, among others, or to in-traffic situations, such as...

  2. Parallel detection and elimination of strongly connected components for radiation transport sweeps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLendon, William Clarence

    2001-01-01

    Discrete ordinate methods are commonly used to simulate radiation transport for fire or weapons modeling. The computation proceeds by sweeping the flux across a grid. A particular cell cannot be computed until all the cells immediately upwind...

  3. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Devices Any city or county in Iowa may pass an ordinance assessing wind energy conversion equipment at a special valuation for property tax purposes, beginning at 0% of...

  4. Sun, wind, and pedestrian comfort: a study of Toronto's Central Area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bosselmann, P.; Arens, Edward A; Dunker, K.; Wright, R.

    1990-01-01

    J. C. Mumford. "The Effects of Wind on People," Building andJackson. "The Evaluation of Wind Environments," Building andB. "Developing the San Francisco Wind Ordinance and its

  5. The Line Verifier GVERIFY1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffith, Arnold K.

    1971-01-01

    A line verifier is presented which, given the co-ordinates of the end points of the hypothesized line, returns a (possibly) more accurate version of the end points, together with an estimate of the probability that there ...

  6. City of Palo Alto Utilities- New Construction Residential Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The City of Palo Alto encourages home builders in Palo Alto to build more efficient residences than is required by state and local codes and ordinances. To qualify for this program, new homes must...

  7. Association and Abstraction in Sequential Learning:What is Learned? Revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fountain, Stephen B.; Doyle, Karen E.

    2011-01-01

    220. Hulse, S. H. , & O'Leary, D. K. (1982). Serial patternof the alphabet (Hulse & O'Leary, 1982; Jones, 1974), oran ordinal scale (Hulse & O'Leary, 1982; Jones, 1974). This

  8. City of San Jose- Private Sector Green Building Policy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In October 2008, the City of San Jose enacted the Private Sector Green Building Policy (Policy No. 6-32). The policy was adopted in Ordinance No. 28622 in June, 2009. All new buildings must meet...

  9. Luis W. Alvarez - Patents

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    OF POINT CO-ORDINATES OF PATHS OF CHARGED PARTICLES AS RECORDED ON PHOTOGRAPHIC FILM - Alvarez, L. W.; 1968 Jan 30, 1968 (to U.S. Atomic Energy Commission) A high-speed...

  10. Washington Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sears, Brad

    2009-01-01

    28, 1998). Id. Gaylord v. Tacoma Sch. Dist. , 88 Wn.2d 286,all employers with one or more employees. 74 City of TacomaThe Tacoma ordinance covers both sexual orientation and

  11. Four Corners Wind Resource Center Webinar: Building Utility-Scale Wind: Permitting and Regulation Lessons for County Decision-Makers

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Four Corners Wind Resource Center will host this webinar exploring lessons learned in the permitting of utility-scale wind projects and the development of ordinances and regulations for...

  12. Xeriscape Practice Marjorie Palmer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radcliffe, David

    ordinances. See Georgia Drought, http://www.caes.uga.edu/topics/disas- ters/drought/ (last visited Feb. 9 Bans Most Outdoor Wa- ter Use in North Georgia (Sept. 28, 2007) available at http:// www.caes

  13. Position Category: Operational and/or Administrative Region: Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Patanjali

    in English; Knowledge of the SAP System and/or an additional language would be an asset (French & Spanish and revenues on consultancy projects using an established database; Prepare/co-ordinate meeting documentation

  14. Miami-Dade County- Expedited Green Buildings Process

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In an effort to promote environmentally sensitive design and construction, the Miami-Dade County Commissioners passed an ordinance in June 2005 to expedite the permitting process for green...

  15. http://pil.sagepub.com/ and Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grujicic, Mica

    for direct incorporation, as a material user-subroutine, into standard commercial transient non visors for non-combat usage (e.g. riot control or explosive ordinance disposal) or a

  16. Regulating School Reforms: An Analysis of the Impact of Religious Interests on State Education Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vieux, Andrea Rieke

    2010-05-31

    with ordinal logistic regression. Ultimately, this research finds that the size of a state's religious populations is an important predictor of policy restrictiveness. Private school choice policies are best predicted by Catholic adherents and LDS adherents...

  17. Employment Discrimination against LGBT Utahns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosky, Clifford; Mallory, Christy; Smith, Jenni; Badgett, M.V. Lee

    2011-01-01

    discussing the passage of West Valley Citys ordinance whichCity, Salt Lake County, West Valley City, Park City, Summitemployment); Michael Aaron, West Valley City Passes Non-

  18. Encouraging low-impact-development stormwater-management practices / Assabet River Watershed sub-basin case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, James E. (James Edward), 1969-

    2005-01-01

    Regulatory codes and ordinances create a framework that guide stormwater management decision processes. These regulations are designed to protect the health and safety of the public and to preserve the natural integrity ...

  19. Data Network Weather Service Reporting - Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael Frey

    2012-08-30

    A final report is made of a three-year effort to develop a new forecasting paradigm for computer network performance. This effort was made in co-ordination with Fermi Lab's construction of e-Weather Center.

  20. INLAND WATERWAYS USERS BOARD ANNUAL REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    ...................................................................................11 Appendix B List of the Fuel-Taxed Inland and Intracoastal Waterways and System Map canals, locks and dams. The Northwest Ordinance, passed by the Continental Congress, ratified

  1. A church and family housing for Berkland Baptist Church (BBC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Joong Won, 1972-

    2001-01-01

    Creating a sound church is totally different from designing a fabulous poetic space. Major problem of current built form of a church is that it is built mostly in a liturgical form to serve sacred ordinances that does not ...

  2. City of Houston- Residential and Commercial Green Building Requirements

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2014, the City Council of Houston passed Ordinance No. 2014-5, requiring new residential construction to exceed the energy efficiency requirements under the 2009 International Energy Conservat...

  3. Atlanta- Sustainable Development Design Standards

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In December 2003, the City of Atlanta passed a green building [http://www.atlantaga.gov/modules/showdocument.aspx?documentid=547 ordinance] that applies to city-owned facilities and city-funded...

  4. Building Energy Rating and Disclosure Policies

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and called on it to return to the city council with a proposal for mandatory energy efficien- cy upgrades ordinance by August 2008. The 27 member taskforce brought to- gether a...

  5. The Role of Chromatin Structure in Regulating the Human Epidermal Differentiation Complex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sproul, Duncan

    2008-01-01

    The Epidermal Differentiation Complex (EDC) is a co-ordinately regulated locus that is evolutionarily conserved within mammals. It consists of a large number of genes, organised into clusters of gene families, which ...

  6. A real-time display system for the EAI 8900 Hybrid Computer System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phillips, Paul Jenkins

    1967-01-01

    GENERATION. 37 On-Line Display Generation Capabilities . On-Line Display Generation Procedure. . . On-Line Grid Definition and Modification. On-Line Trace Definition and Modification On-Line Active List Modification. . . . . . On-Line Control of Trace... Computer System The Display Console A Schematic Diagram of the Digital-to-Television Conversion System A Free-Form Grid. 22 A Rectangular Co-Ordinate Grid with Linear Scales. . 23 A Rectangular Co-Ordinate Grid with Semi- Logarithmic Scales 24...

  7. Bagley University Classroom Building

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Duluth, MN, MN LEED PLATINUM CERTIFIED AND PASSIVHAUS ( certification pending) CLASSROOM BUILDING The Nature Preserve where this building is located is a contiguous natural area, 55 acres in size, deeded to the University in the 1950's for educational and recreational use. The site has hiking trails through old growth hard woods frequented by the university students as well as the public. We were charged with designing a facility to serve eight different departments for the nature portions of their teaching and study at a regional University.

  8. The female protagonists in the novels of Romulo Gallegos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Susan Elizabeth

    1972-01-01

    viento (1952) ~ Each of the women in these novels has a mission or duty to accomplish. Por various ones such as Rosaura, Adelalda, and tuisanaP their goal becomes that of trying to eave the men they love. An elevated social position is Victoria's aim... play the role of civilisers. Whether they are trying to save the men they love or atoning for the deeds of others, they symbolise the type that Gallegos admires and wants for his country. The importance Gallegos gives to his female protagonists...

  9. Energy-optimal schedules of real-time jobs with hard deadlines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, John Vijoe

    2005-11-01

    OF SCIENCE Approved by: Chair of Committee, Riccardo Bettati Committee Members, Rabi N Mahapatra Norman Guinasso Head of Department, Valerie E Taylor August 2005 Major Subject: Computer Science iii ABSTRACT Energy-Optimal Schedules of Real-Time Jobs with Hard...- straints. This can be used to model variable-capacity facilities in operations re- search, where the capacity of the facility can be controlled at a cost. iv DEDICATION To my Family and Dr. Norman L. Guinasso, Jr. v ACKNOWLEDGMENTS God, Thy deeds are so...

  10. Disturbing the Balance Woody Allen Reads Dostoyevsky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bobrowski, Micha?

    2011-02-01

    with the story of Judah Rosenthal. Zosima tells the story of Mikhail, who killed his mistress and went unpunished (Dostoyevsky 1990: 301313). The blame was placed on the innocent servant of the victim. Mikhail continued to be a respected member of his... community. Up until this moment the story is almost identical to Judah Rosenthals. The differences lie in the reactions of the perpetrators to their deeds. Mikhail car- ried a burden of guilt, which caused moral and psychological pain beyond his endurance...

  11. Electromagnetic leptogenesis at the TeV scale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Debajyoti Choudhury; Namit Mahajan; Sudhanwa Patra; Utpal Sarkar

    2011-04-11

    We construct an explicit model implementing electromagnetic leptogenesis. In a simple extension of the Standard Model, a discrete symmetry forbids the usual decays of the right-handed neutrinos, while allowing for an effective coupling between the left-handed and right-handed neutrinos through the electromagnetic dipole moment. This generates correct leptogenesis with resonant enhancement and also the required neutrino mass via a TeV scale seesaw mechanism. The model is consistent with low energy phenomenology and would have distinct signals in the next generation colliders, and, perhaps even the LHC.

  12. Decaying neutralino dark matter in anomalous U(1){sub H} models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sierra, D. Aristizabal; Restrepo, D.; Zapata, Oscar

    2009-09-01

    In supersymmetric models extended with an anomalous U(1){sub H} different R-parity violating couplings can yield an unstable neutralino. We show that in this context astrophysical and cosmological constraints on neutralino decaying dark matter forbid bilinear R-parity breaking neutralino decays and lead to a class of purely trilinear R-parity violating scenarios in which the neutralino is stable on cosmological scales. We have found that among the resulting models some of them become suitable to explain the observed anomalies in cosmic-ray electron/positron fluxes.

  13. Fermion mass generation without a condensate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Venkitesh Ayyar

    2014-12-05

    We study a lattice field theory model containing two flavors of massless staggered fermions with an onsite four-fermion interaction. The symmetry of the model forbids non-zero fermion bilinear order parameters that can generate a fermion mass. At weak couplings, we expect a massless fermion phase. At strong couplings, we can argue for the existence of massive fermions without the formation of any fermion bilinear condensate. Using Monte Carlo calculations in three space-time dimensions, we find evidence for a direct second order phase transition between the two phases.

  14. Analytic evidence for the Gubser-Mitra conjecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Umpei Miyamoto

    2007-10-17

    A simple master equation for the static perturbation of charged black strings is derived while employing the gauge proposed by Kol. As the charge is varied it is found that the potential in the master equation for the perturbations becomes positive exactly when the specific heat turns positive thus forbidding a bound state and the onset of the Gregory-Laflamme instability. It can safely be said that this is the first analytic and explicit evidence for the Gubser-Mitra conjecture, correlating the classical and thermodynamic instabilities of black branes. Possible generalizations of the analysis are also discussed.

  15. Observing a coherent superposition of an atom and a molecule

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dowling, Mark R. [School of Physical Sciences, University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Queensland 4072 (Australia); Bartlett, Stephen D. [School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006 (Australia); Rudolph, Terry [Optics Section, Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, London SW7 2BW (United Kingdom); Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Imperial College London, London SW7 2BW (United Kingdom); Spekkens, Robert W. [Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom)

    2006-11-15

    We demonstrate that it is possible, in principle, to perform a Ramsey-type interference experiment to exhibit a coherent superposition of a single atom and a diatomic molecule. This gedanken experiment, based on the techniques of Aharonov and Susskind [Phys. Rev. 155, 1428 (1967)], explicitly violates the commonly accepted superselection rule that forbids coherent superpositions of eigenstates of differing atom number. A Bose-Einstein condensate plays the role of a reference frame that allows for coherent operations analogous to Ramsey pulses. We also investigate an analogous gedanken experiment to exhibit a coherent superposition of a single boson and a fermion, violating the commonly accepted superselection rule forbidding coherent superpositions of states of differing particle statistics. In this case, the reference frame is realized by a multimode state of many fermions. This latter case reproduces all of the relevant features of Ramsey interferometry, including Ramsey fringes over many repetitions of the experiment. However, the apparent inability of this proposed experiment to produce well-defined relative phases between two distinct systems each described by a coherent superposition of a boson and a fermion demonstrates that there are additional, outstanding requirements to fully 'lift' the univalence superselection rule.

  16. Escape into illusions of the South in characters of Tennessee Williams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Nieuwenhuize, Paul Franklin

    1963-01-01

    ~ the plays, one should read1ly note the zreat similarity between events in the plays and events in Tennessee Wil)iams' 11fe. ERO'. E . . . it is "-r. =tive work t . e erson . I so "uc~ o al' so clo eiy re . . c to the o. e;ho =oes it. " Bio... himself working for sixty-five dollars a month as a clerk-typist and odd- Job man at the International Shoe Company, where ac! ordinS to the Nelson bioSranhy, Williams often spent ten to twelve hour s a day at a Job he thorouShly despised. At night he...

  17. A channel-selection criterion for suppressing reverberation in cochlear implants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kokkinakis, Kostas; Hazrati, Oldooz; Loizou, Philipos C.

    2011-11-05

    when processed by the IRM speech coding strategy with the threshold set to #4;5 dB. In each electrodo- gram, time is shown along the abscissa and the electrode number is shown along the ordinate. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., Vol. 129, No. 5, May 2011 Kokkinakis... when processed by the IRM speech coding strategy with the threshold set to #4;5 dB. In each electrodo- gram, time is shown along the abscissa and the electrode number is shown along the ordinate. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., Vol. 129, No. 5, May 2011 Kokkinakis...

  18. Quantitative Analysis of Genealogy Using Digitised Family Trees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fire, Micheal; Elovici, Yuval

    2014-01-01

    Driven by the popularity of television shows such as Who Do You Think You Are? many millions of users have uploaded their family tree to web projects such as WikiTree. Analysis of this corpus enables us to investigate genealogy computationally. The study of heritage in the social sciences has led to an increased understanding of ancestry and descent but such efforts are hampered by difficult to access data. Genealogical research is typically a tedious process involving trawling through sources such as birth and death certificates, wills, letters and land deeds. Decades of research have developed and examined hypotheses on population sex ratios, marriage trends, fertility, lifespan, and the frequency of twins and triplets. These can now be tested on vast datasets containing many billions of entries using machine learning tools. Here we survey the use of genealogy data mining using family trees dating back centuries and featuring profiles on nearly 7 million individuals based in over 160 countries. These data a...

  19. Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project : 2008 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kesling, Jason; Abel, Chad; Schwabe, Laurence

    2009-01-01

    In 1998, the Burns Paiute Tribe (BPT) submitted a proposal to Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) for the acquisition of the Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project (Project). The proposed mitigation site was for the Denny Jones Ranch and included Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and Oregon Division of State Lands (DSL) leases and grazing allotments. The Project approval process and acquisition negotiations continued for several years until the BPT and BPA entered into a Memorandum of Agreement, which allowed for purchase of the Project in November 2000. The 31,781 acre Project is located seven miles east of Juntura, Oregon and is adjacent to the Malheur River (Figure 1). Six thousand three hundred eighty-five acres are deeded to BPT, 4,154 acres are leased from DSL, and 21,242 acres are leased from BLM (Figure 2). In total 11 grazing allotments are leased between the two agencies. Deeded land stretches for seven miles along the Malheur River. It is the largest private landholding on the river between Riverside and Harper, Oregon. Approximately 938 acres of senior water rights are included with the Ranch. The Project is comprised of meadow, wetland, riparian and shrub-steppe habitats. The BLM grazing allotment, located south of the ranch, is largely shrub-steppe habitat punctuated by springs and seeps. Hunter Creek, a perennial stream, flows through both private and BLM lands. Similarly, the DSL grazing allotment, which lies north of the Ranch, is predominantly shrub/juniper steppe habitat with springs and seeps dispersed throughout the upper end of draws (Figure 2).

  20. Q:\\Induction forms\\Induction 2014\\4Induction Day 2014 DPhils.docx Induction Day Programme: Graduate students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wallace, Mark

    Safety Officer 10.55 11.05am Break for Tea and Coffee 11.05am Skills development opportunities and graduate procedures Nick Green, Director of Studies 11.40am Laser safety (compulsory for students working-Ordinator & Training Officer 3.05-3.15 Break for Tea and Coffee 3.15 Technical & administrative facilities and building

  1. Comparison between Model Simulations and Measurements of Hyperspectral Far- infrared Radiation from FIRST during the RHUBC-II Campaign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baugher, Elizabeth

    2012-02-14

    for its dry, cold, and dominantly clear atmosphere, which is optimal for studying the effects, that water vapor and cirrus clouds have on the far-IR. Comparisons with Line-By-Line Discrete Ordinants Radiative Transfer model, LBLDIS, show that FIRST...

  2. Coordinated Renewable Energy Support Schemes Stine Grenaa Jensen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coordinated Renewable Energy Support Schemes Stine Grenaa Jensen1 , and Poul Erik Morthorst2 Ris for renewable energy are regionalised. Two theoretical examples are used to explain interactive effects on, e-ordination of support schemes for renewable energy technologies plays a prominent role at the European agenda (EC, 2005

  3. AVAILABLE NOW! Biomass Funding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AVAILABLE NOW! Biomass Funding Guide 2010 The Forestry Commission and the Humber Rural Partnership (co-ordinated by East Riding of Yorkshire Council) have jointly produced a biomass funding guide fuel prices continue to rise, and the emerging biomass sector is well-placed to make a significant

  4. Terms of Reference Information Security Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haase, Markus

    Terms of Reference Information Security Group Version 3.1 8 March 2011 University of Leeds 2011 Security Group Information Security Management 3.1 (8/3/11) Page 2 of 4 Document Control Owner: Kevin Darley, IT Security Co-ordinator, Information Systems Services, University of Leeds Source Location: V

  5. Research & Enterprise Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiesner, Karoline

    and the new knowledge that they create. Typically this can include the co-ordination of large collaborative bids for resources to support world class research; managing highly complex interdisciplinary projects Bristol set to continue its European funding success 6 Bristol-Oxford collaboration creates new Nuclear

  6. FLOOD PROTECTION STRUCTURE ACCREDITATION TASK FORCE More than 21,000 communities across the U.S. and its territories voluntarily participate in the NFIP by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    FLOOD PROTECTION STRUCTURE ACCREDITATION TASK FORCE BACKGROUND More than 21,000 communities across management ordinances to reduce future flood damage. In exchange, the NFIP makes federally-backed flood is expected to perform during the 1% ACE event or 100- year flood (this is defined as the "base flood" in NFIP

  7. Background Information Form Background & Education Information Form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and complete. Applicant Name (please print): Applicant Signature: Date: *NOTE: A record of criminal charges. However, failure to disclose known records of criminal convictions (or criminal charges that are currently, for any criminal violation of any federal, state, county or municipal law, regulation, or ordinance

  8. Governance Level Principle 2 Risk Management Relevant UTAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wapstra, Erik

    Governance Level Principle 2 Risk Management Relevant UTAS Ordinance and/or Rule Reference No Review Date Review 1 - December 2011 Review 2 - December 2016 1. Statement of Context Risk management of risks from external and internal sources. Being risk aware and managing these risk is critical

  9. Cambridge University Press Publication Statement Cambridge University Press is a department of the University of Cambridge and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mackenzie, Kirill

    Cambridge University Press Publication Statement Cambridge University Press is a department Press in the printing and publishing house of the University of Cambridge founded by Letters Patent and Ordinances of the University of Cambridge and is managed by the Press Syndicate. The constitution

  10. THEJOURNALOFCELLBIOLOGY JCB: ARTICLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vale, Ronald D.

    ). Cilia are built and maintained by intraflagellar transport (IFT) motors that deliver ciliary precursors., 2006). In Caenorhabditis elegans, BBS proteins control the IFT motors that build cilia on sensory assembling these sensory cilia are moved by the co- ordinate action of two anterograde IFT motors called

  11. Information Safety in University Chemistry Courses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nejdl, Wolfgang

    chemicals 14 3.1 Legal basis: Chemicals Act and Ordinance on Hazardous Substances 14 3.2 Storage and disposal 39 5.1 Cleaning glassware 39 5.2 Disposal of laboratory wastes 39 5.3 Disposal of minimal amounts.2 Physiological effects of electric currents 51 #12;4 8 Working with radiation 52 8.1 Working with radioactivity

  12. SIAM REVIEW c 2005 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics Vol. 47, No. 3, pp. 519549

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holmes, Philip

    SIAM REVIEW c 2005 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics Vol. 47, No. 3, pp. 519," is among the most fundamental of animal behaviors [1]. A large motor science literature addresses gait pattern selection [2], energy expenditure [3], underlying neurophysiology [4], and co- ordination

  13. MICROBIOLOGY OF AQUATIC SYSTEMS Arcellacea (Testate Lobose Amoebae) as pH Indicators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, Timothy

    the effectiveness of remediation efforts in oil sands tailings ponds [4, 5]. As organic-rich surface sediments may are very easy to pre- pare for examination [1]. The development of sophisticated ordination methods assess- ments of total phosphorus loading [10, 11], temporal variation in seasonality [12], salinity [13

  14. Research article Ecological correlates in the evolution of moult strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Figuerola, Jordi

    moult in winter. The main moult in species with larger seasonal changes in sexual dimorphism tended dichromatism, sexual dimorphism Introduction Moult is considered a very expensive activity, finely timed Co-ordinating editor: V. Kaitala Abstract. Moult is an important process in the life cycle of birds

  15. Preprint for the EWEC 2006 in Athens A Coordination Action on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    , Wakes and Offshore Wind Gregor Giebel, Rebecca Barthelmie, Jake Badger, Ris National Laboratory Torben in the fields of short-term forecasting of wind power, offshore wind and wave resource prediction, and offshore wakes in large wind farms. The purpose of this Action is to co-ordinate the activities in these related

  16. Donna Rose Addis, TWRI, May 2004 1 ANALYSIS OF FUNCTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Addis, Donna Rose

    Donna Rose Addis, TWRI, May 2004 1 ANALYSIS OF FUNCTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING DATA USING SPM-ordinates (with signs reversed) into table as translations right, fwd and up Check origin is at the AC Select images (a_seg1.img, a_seg2 and brain_a.img) Name output file (grey_clean) Enter formula

  17. PRESS RELEASE for launch of SARCA Kirstenbosch, 10 May 2005 A four-year conservation assessment programme aimed at identifying reptile species threatened by extinction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    impact on ecosystems most reptiles are predators, which can help to control the populations of pest and Mexico. The Avian Demography Unit (ADU) at the University of Cape Town will co-ordinate the project proved invaluable for SANBI, which has a mandate from the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism

  18. Presentation 1.1: An overview of existing and emerging EU policies relating to energy from biomass and their effects on forest based industries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : - raw material operator and "co-ordinator" - as a large energy user of electricity & heat - as producer of electricity & heat for "export" - as innovator and developer of new product and process technologies Therefore) BUT: Mostly SMEs; low investment in R&D & education; high costs; risk of relocation outside EU EU

  19. Administrative Regulation 6:4 Page 1 of 6 Administrative Regulation 6:4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacAdam, Keith

    Administrative Regulation 6:4 Page 1 of 6 Administrative Regulation 6:4 Responsible Office: EVPFA. Introduction This regulation establishes the University's policies and procedures for using, serving, local ordinances, and University regulations. All members of the University community shall abide

  20. (Created 5/15) UNL Environmental Health and Safety (402) 472-4925 http://ehs.unl.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsymbal, Evgeny Y.

    to introduce contaminants into surface waters. Potential contaminants include: petroleum hydrocarbons, total _____________________________________________________________________ Introduction Certain provisions of the Clean Water Act and related federal, state, and local regulations and ordinances are intended to protect the quality of surface waters (e.g., lakes, streams, rivers, etc

  1. Multi-node Coordinated Jamming for Location Privacy Protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruteser, Marco

    precisely locate the target nodes. Although basic anti-localization techniques based on power control's localization systems. However, such a jamming technique has the problem of interfering with the communication such interference problems, those techniques generally induce co- ordination problems or require encryption

  2. Solar Photovoltaic (PV) System Permit Application Checklist

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Permit Application Checklist is intended to be used as a best management practice when establishing local government requirements for residential and commercial solar photovoltaic (PV) system permits. Local governments may modify this checklist to accommodate their local ordinances, code requirements, and permit procedures.

  3. ORIGINAL PAPER Laura Forsstro m Sanna Sorvari Atte Korhola

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vincent, Warwick F.

    densities during different seasons; (3) close to equilib- rium state during strong thermal stratification of the thermal stratification and during the autumn overturn. According to canonical ordinations, calcium buffer. With regard to physical factors, the length of the mixing cycle, thermal stability of the water column

  4. EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Association Annual Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The objective of fusion research is to develop power stations that harness the process that powers the sun for clean electricity generation here on earth. Fusion power stations would emit no greenhouse gases that from today's fission nuclear power stations. In Europe, fusion research is co-ordinated by EURATOM

  5. EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Association

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In Europe, fusion research is co-ordinated by EURATOM with the overall aim of developing power stations that harness on earth the process that powers the sun. Fusion power stations would emit no greenhouse gases on a power-plant scale (500 MW) and test key technologies for power stations like that will be needed

  6. Reasoning about transfinite sequences (extended abtract) #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyen, Laurent

    , we substantially extend standard results about LTL by introducing a new class of succinct ordinal between the physical description of an electric circuit and its logical description in VHDL (standard acknowledges partial support by the ACI ``S??ecurit??e et Informatique'' CORTOS. The second author acknowledges

  7. Reasoning about transfinite sequences (extended abtract)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyen, Laurent

    , we substantially extend standard results about LTL by introducing a new class of succinct ordinal (standard language designed and optimized for describing the behavior of digital systems) needs to take acknowledges partial support by the ACI "S´ecurit´e et Informatique" CORTOS. The second author acknowledges

  8. Fast Quadrupling of a Point on Elliptic Curves Cryptography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Fast Quadrupling of a Point on Elliptic Curves Cryptography Duc-Phong Le Temasek Laboratories of Weierstrass form. In this paper we extend their method and present a fast algorithm for computing 4P with only algorithm gains better results. Keywords: Elliptic curve cryptography, fast arithmetic, affine co- ordinates

  9. 1) Un'onda monocromatica polarizzata, con componenti del campo elettrico uguali a: Ex = (1/2)1/2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roma "La Sapienza", Università di

    ad angolo variabile e il secondo orientato a 45° rispetto all'asse x. Ricavare l'espressione dell orizzontale). Inseriamo tra i due polarizzatori due lamine a mezza onda, la prima con l'asse veloce ruotato di passa attraverso un sistema ottico costituito da tre elementi, nell'ordine: - una lamina a /2 con l'asse

  10. Istituzioni di Matematiche I (CH-CI-MT) ________________________________V_IIIo_foglio_di_esercizi______________________*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Candilera, Maurizio

    flesso e B quello a tangente parallela all'asse delle ordinate, si determini il* * volume del solido ottenuto dalla rotazione della regione finita di piano compresa tra l'arco AB, la retta OA e l* *'asse delle ascisse, di un intero giro attorno alla asse medesimo. ESERCIZIO 4. Si disegni nel piano

  11. To All Members of the University Community: On June 27, the province released a discussion paper entitled "Strengthening Ontario's Centres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    entitled "Strengthening Ontario's Centres of Innovation and Knowledge" which will launch a consultation of Windsor will be making a response to the Ministry in co-ordination with the Council of Ontario for the government to plan the future of the postsecondary sector in Ontario. For this process, I will be drawing

  12. DATA PROTECTION AUDIT Section I: Audit of Processing of Personal Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    DATA PROTECTION AUDIT GUIDANCE CONTENTS Section I: Audit of Processing of Personal Data Section II: Audit Procedure Appendices: A Audit Form B List of Purposes C List of data subjects D List of data of personal data within a department is by far the largest task that a Data Protection Co-ordinator will have

  13. University of Aberdeen Page 1 of 10 Car Parking Annual Review 2012-13.docx

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    University of Aberdeen Page 1 of 10 Car Parking Annual Review 2012-13.docx University of Aberdeen Car Parking Review 2012-2013 Author: Christopher Osbeck, Travel Plan Co-ordinator Current Version Date: August 2013 Version: 1.0 #12;University of Aberdeen Page 2 of 10 Car Parking Annual Review 2012-13.docx

  14. University of Aberdeen Page 1 of 10 University of Aberdeen Car Parking Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    University of Aberdeen Page 1 of 10 University of Aberdeen Car Parking Review 2013-2014 Author: Christopher Osbeck, Travel Plan Co-ordinator Current Version Date: August 2014 Version: 1.0 Car Parking Annual............................................................................................................................................10 Car Parking Annual Review 2013-14.docx #12;University of Aberdeen Page 3 of 10 Background

  15. University of Aberdeen Page 1 of 10 Car Parking Annual Review 2011-12.docx

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    University of Aberdeen Page 1 of 10 Car Parking Annual Review 2011-12.docx University of Aberdeen Car Parking Review 2011-2012 Author: Christopher Osbeck, Travel Plan Co-ordinator Current Version Date: July 2012 Version: 1.1 #12;University of Aberdeen Page 2 of 10 Car Parking Annual

  16. PROJECT SUMMARY Noise is a large and constant quality-of-life issue in urban settings. It has significant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    urban science initiatives tackling light pollution, air quality, traffic congestion, and so on. Our by noise, but secondary effects of this type of pollution impact education, public safety, tourism traditional policy towards auditory pollution has been to create noise ordinances that are vague

  17. FOI Key message 22/12/04 The Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    The Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act, 2002, (FOI) provides important new rights of access to information from the University FOI co-ordinator. There are limited exemptions from the right to access informationFOI Key message 22/12/04 The Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act 2002 What everyone needs to know

  18. POLICY ON MANAGEMENT OF STUDENT FEES, CHARGES, FINES AND DEBTS Heriot-Watt University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    or to make good damage to its property and impose other sanctions on students for debts owed to it. 2 sanctions for debt within the framework of Ordinance 2. The underlying principles guiding the University in its administration of all its fees, charges, fines and sanctions are that its actions should, at all

  19. Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs Minimum Standard Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs Minimum Standard (April 2015) Page 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wapstra, Erik

    Resources Approved and commenced April 2015 Review by April, 2018 Relevant Legislation, Ordinance, Rule and Regulations 2012 Work Health and Safety Policy Responsible Organisational Unit Work Health and Safety Unit Minimum Standard (April 2015) Page 2 1 Executive Summary The University of Tasmania is committed

  20. Soybean leaf hydraulic conductance does not acclimate to growth at elevated [CO2] or temperature in growth chambers or in the field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sack, Lawren

    Soybean leaf hydraulic conductance does not acclimate to growth at elevated [CO2] or temperature Leaf hydraulic properties are strongly linked with transpiration and photosynthesis in many species. However, it is not known if gas exchange and hydraulics will have co-ordinated responsesto climate change

  1. 9/25/2007 1 THE FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sense of personal honor and integrity. Florida State University neither encourages nor condemns will not be permitted. Any person or group in violation of federal or state laws, local ordinances, or of this policy or otherwise provide alcohol to persons under the legal drinking age. (c) The Consumption of Alcohol

  2. Lucy, D.; Aykroyd, R.G.; Pollard, A.M.; Solheim, T. Title: A Bayesian approach to adult human age estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucy, David

    Department of Oral Pathology and Section for Forensic Odontology. Box 1109, Blindern, 0317 Oslo, Norway. All estimation from dental observations by Johanson's age changes Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences Date in the forensic and archaeological literature is ordinal or categorical. This is particularly true of the age

  3. Migration and Health Mexican Immigrant Women in the U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leistikow, Bruce N.

    #12;Migration and Health Mexican Immigrant Women in the U.S. #12;Aknowledgements This document of Mexico and the University of California and co- ordinated by Paula Leite and Xchitl Castaeda. Its Population Council of the Government of Mexico (CONAPO) Paula Leite, Director, Socio-Economic Studies

  4. ISRP Response Willamette River Program page 1 July 21, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    which for the first time cities and counties were required to have building setbacks from the river and its tributaries. Many of the resulting city and county ordinances have subsequently been amended-source pollution, and dramatically reduced toxic inputs from industrial sources. Non-point sources of pollution

  5. ACTIVE SENSING IN SENSORBASED MOTION PLANNING WITH J.C. Alvarez A. Shkel V. Lumelsky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Zhongping

    .Eng.& Automation Area Mech.& Aeros. Eng.Dept. Robotics Laboratory ECE Dept., Univ. of Oviedo Univ.of California intermediate goal co- ordinates to pursue, and motoring signals based on local information. We want to know that a certain intended motoring signal is safe. The proposed solution depends on a) the sensor system design, b

  6. Semi-continuous Sized Types and Termination Andreas Abel?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abel, Andreas

    Semi-continuous Sized Types and Termination Andreas Abel-based approach to termination uses sized types: an ordinal bound for the size of a data structure is stored criterion, * *a calculus for semi-continuous function is developed. 1 Introduction Termination

  7. Part II: Regulations concerning students and their programmes of study The University of Nottingham -Code of Discipline for Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    set out in turn the Ordinance governing Discipline, the regulations governing the conduct of students to check disorderly or improper conduct or any breach of disciplinary regulations occurring of disorderly or improper conduct in a classroom, laboratory or other room in the University or in the course

  8. Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer 64 (2000) 255}273

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siewert, Charles E.

    2000-01-01

    version of the discrete-ordinates method is used along with elementary numerical linear-algebra techniques (5) where H ( , ) is to be determined and e\\ V"diag+2, e\\NGV,2,. (6) If we now substitute Eq. (5

  9. CdL in Informatica --a.a. 2006/2007 Esercitazione scritta di ALGEBRA (Proff. Cutolo e Rao) venerd 16 marzo 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cutolo, Giovanni

    CdL in Informatica -- a.a. 2006/2007 Esercitazione scritta di ALGEBRA (Proff. Cutolo e Rao) venerd un numero naturale n tale che 140 | n5 e 7 n3 . vero falso dati insufficienti Esiste un'algebra di Boole di ordine 512. vero falso dati insufficienti 98 divide 25 38 54 78 116 . vero falso dati

  10. Board of Graduate Studies 4 Mill Lane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zernicka-Goetz, Magdalena

    for prospective students. The Board agreed that a co-ordinated strategy was required both in relation to the two MPhil in Energy Technologies (Paper 4024) The Board approved the introduction of the new MPhil Cambridge 152 3550 External Examiners and employment checks (Paper 4025) The Board was concerned by the UK

  11. Semicontinuous Sized Types and Termination Andreas Abel #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abel, Andreas

    , and classical applications are total correctness and termination of partial evaluation. In languagesSemicontinuous Sized Types and Termination Andreas Abel # Institut fr Informatik Ludwig to termination uses sized types: an ordinal bound for the size of a data structure is stored in its type

  12. Semi-continuous Sized Types and Termination Andreas Abel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abel, Andreas

    , and classical applications are total correctness and termination of partial evaluation. In languagesSemi-continuous Sized Types and Termination Andreas Abel Institut fr Informatik Ludwig to termination uses sized types: an ordinal bound for the size of a data structure is stored in its type

  13. Sex-specific recruitment and brood sex ratios of Eurasian kestrels in a seasonally and annually fluctuating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laaksonen, Toni

    Sex-specific recruitment and brood sex ratios of Eurasian kestrels in a seasonally and annually-ordinating editor: J. Tuomi Abstract. Timing of birth and food availability may select for biased offspring sex in brood sex ratio during the breeding season in a long-term data from 8 years. As far as we know

  14. On the use of a nascent delta function in radiative-transfer calculations for multi-layer media subject to Fresnel boundary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siewert, Charles E.

    subject to Fresnel boundary and interface conditions R.D.M. Garcia a,, C.E. Siewert b a Instituto de: Radiative transfer Nascent delta function Fresnel conditions Discrete-ordinates method a b s t r a c in a plane-parallel, multi-layer medium subject to Fresnel boundary and interface conditions. As a result

  15. Local alternative energy futures: developing economies/building communities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Totten, M.; Glass, B.; Freedberg, M.; Webb, L.

    1980-12-01

    A separate abstract was prepared for each of the three parts of the conference. A sufficient range of information is presented to enable interested parties to explore the viable alternatives for community self-sufficiency. The parts are entitled: Financial Incentives and Funding Sources; Standards, Regulations, Mandates, Ordinances, Covenants; and Community/Economic Development. (MCW)

  16. VOLUME 79, NUMBER 13 P H Y S I C A L R E V I E W L E T T E R S 29 SEPTEMBER 1997 Current-Voltage Characteristics of Self-Assembled Monolayers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 could be useful for the interpretation of I-V measurements on molecular monolayers in general. [S0031 groups. Such images are obtained by recording the z co- ordinate of the tip as it scans the surface

  17. A Step by Step Tool Kit for Local Governments to Go Solar

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This tool kit provides an array of strategies and options that local governments can implement to help encourage solar developments in their region, including amending general plans, incentivizing energy efficiency measures and solar installations, and educating local home builders about existing solar incentives. It also includes model ordinances and resolutions to help local governments promote solar development.

  18. Briefing Note 2011 33 17 May 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Tom

    of energy efficiency renovations need to be better aligned for landlords to overcome tenant/landlord split for "green" renovations. Energy Efficiency Ordinances All rental units are required to meet an energy to promote EE renovations. Austin's EE ordinancexi requires building owners to disclose units' energy usage

  19. Summary Recommendations of Review of Statistical Research Methods Training and Research Support (including the Statistical Consulting Unit)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    (including the Statistical Consulting Unit) Training in statistics for postgraduates R1: The senior a co-ordinated approach to the statistical training of postgraduate students. R2: If the senior, and which is designed to capture postgraduates in programs where statistics training is not routinely

  20. NEW METHOD AND SOFTWARE FOR MULTI-VARIABLE TECHNO-ECONOMIC DESIGN OPTIMIZATION OF CSP PLANTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    brahm, Erika

    Gabriel Morin 1 , Pascal Richter 2 , Peter Nitz 3 1 Dipl.-Wi.-Ing., Co-ordinator of Market Area Solar Power Plants, Group Light Engineering and Solar Concentration (LSK), Dept. Materials Research and Applied Optics (MAO), Fraunhofer-Institut fr Solare Energiesysteme ISE, Heidenhofstrae 2, 79110 Freiburg

  1. In proceedings of 2nd International Workshop on Cooperative Distributed Vision, Kyoto, Japan, 1998. Visual Models of Interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hogg, David

    Galata School of Computer Studies University of Leeds Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK {dch,neilj,rjm,bueschin,afro}@scs.leeds.ac.uk http://www.scs.leeds.ac.uk/vision Abstract An important research challenge is to find ways to the agent and a coarsely co-ordinated interaction. In this paper, we review recent work that is addressing

  2. Weaver/Friedman RESOLUTION NO. 12-202

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) for consulting services associated with acquiring a new Energy Trading and Risk Management (ETRM) system on AB 2514 energy storage analysis until October 1, 2014 COUNCIL ACTION Public Hearing [ ] Ordinance PROCUREMENT PLAN WHEREAS, the California Renewable Energy Resources Act, Senate Bill 2 (1^* Extraordinary

  3. Measurement of trilinear gauge boson couplings from WW+WZ?l?jj events in pp-bar collisions at s?=1.96??TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Clutter, Justace Randall; McGivern, Carrie Lynne; Moulik, Tania; Wilson, Graham Wallace; Abazov, V. M.; Abbott, B.; Abolins, M.; Acharya, B. S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.

    2009-09-23

    ) give the expected order of magnitude for TGCs to be OM2W=#2;2NP. Thus, for #2;NP #7; 2 TeV, the expected order of magnitude for #3;#2;#1;, #3;gZ1 , and #3; is O10#1;3. This gauge-invariant parametrization, also used at LEP, gives the following...). In this case, electromagnetic gauge invariance forbids any deviation of g#1;1 from its SM value (#3;gZ1 #3;g#1;1 0) and the relations between the couplings become #3;#2; #3;#2;Z #3;#2;#1; and #3; #3;Z #3;#1;: (7) As already stated, for WW and WZ...

  4. Dark Bogolon-Excitons in a Linear Atomic Super-Lattice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hashem Zoubi

    2014-11-14

    Dark and bright excitons are shown to appear naturally in a linear atomic super-lattice with two atoms per unit cell. In bringing the super-lattice into a strong coupling regime with a one-dimensional nanophotonic waveguide, bright excitons and photons are coherently mixed to form polaritons. Treating excitons as bosons implies a mechanism that forbids two excitations from being at the same atomic state, which is included here through a bosonization procedure with kinematic interactions. Interestingly these interactions couple dark and bright excitons, and which we exploit as a new tool for exciting dark states in a controllable way. We suggest a pump-probe experiment where two polaritons scatter into two dark excitons that found to be correlated and are represented as dark bogolon-excitons. The results can be adapted for any super-lattice of active materials, e.g., of organic molecules.

  5. Non-Standard Higgs Decays in U(1) Extensions of the MSSM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Athron; M. Muhlleitner; R. Nevzorov; A. G. Williams

    2014-11-05

    In U(1) extensions of the Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model there is a simple mechanism that leads to a heavy Z' boson with a mass which is substantially larger than the supersymmetry breaking scale. This mechanism may also result in a pseudoscalar state that is light enough for decays of the 125 GeV Standard Model-like Higgs boson into a pair of such pseudoscalars to be kinematically allowed. We study these decays within E6 inspired supersymmetric models with an exact custodial symmetry that forbids tree-level flavor-changing transitions and the most dangerous baryon and lepton number violating operators. We argue that the branching ratio of the lightest Higgs boson decays into a pair of the light pseudoscalar states may not be negligibly small.

  6. Naked singularities and the Weyl Curvature Hypothesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sukratu Barve; T. P. Singh

    1997-05-22

    We examine the growth of the Weyl curvature in two examples of naked singularity formation in spherical gravitational collapse - dust and the Vaidya spacetime. We find that the Weyl scalar diverges along outgoing radial null geodesics as they meet the naked singularity in the past. The implications of this result for the Weyl curvature hypothesis are discussed. We mention the possibility that although classical general relativity admits naked singularity solutions arising from gravitational collapse, the second law of thermodynamics could forbid their occurrence in nature. The method can also be used to compare the relative importance of initial data and that of the energy-momentum tensor in deciding the metric solution in any general case.

  7. Quantum Naked Singularities in 2d Dilaton Gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cenalo Vaz; Louis Witten

    1996-11-12

    Roughly speaking, naked singularities are singularities that may be seen by timelike observers. The Cosmic Censorship conjecture forbids their existence by stating that a reasonable system of energy will not, under reasonable conditions, collapse into a naked singularity. There are however many (classical) counter-examples to this conjecture in the literature. We propose a defense of the conjecture through the quantum theory. We will show that the Hawking effect and the accompanying back reaction, when consistently applied to naked singularities in two dimensional models of dilaton gravity with matter and a cosmological constant, prevent their formation by causing them to explode or emit radiation catastrophically. This contrasts with black holes which radiate slowly. If this phenomenon is reproduced in the four dimensional world, the explosion of naked singularities should have observable consequences.

  8. Bounds on New Physics from the New Data on Parity Violation in Atomic Cesium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Casalbuoni; S. De Curtis; D. Dominici; R. Gatto

    1999-06-28

    We assume the latest experimental determination of the weak charge of atomic cesium and analyze its implications for possible new physics. We notice that the data would imply positive upper and lower bounds on the new physics contribution to the weak charge, $\\delta_NQ_W$. The required new physics should be of a type not severely constrained by the high energy precision data. A simplest possibility would be new neutral vector bosons almost un-mixed to the $Z$ and with sizeable couplings to fermions. The lower positive bound would however forbid zero or negative $\\delta_NQ_W$ and exclude not only the standard model but also models with sequential $Z^\\prime$, in particular simple-minded towers of $Z$-like excitations from extra-dimensions. The bound would also imply an upper limit on the $Z^\\prime$ mass within the models allowed. Conclusions are also derived for models of four-fermion contact interactions.

  9. Design of a Quantum Source of High-Frequency Gravitational Waves (HFGW) and Test Methodology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fontana, G

    2004-01-01

    The generation of High-Frequency Gravitational Waves (HFGW) has been identified as the required breakthrough that will lead to new forms of space propulsion. Many techniques have been devised to generate HFGW, but most of them exhibit marginal efficiency, therefore the power emitted in form of gravitational waves (GW) is orders of magnitude lower than the input power. The gravitational wave counterpart of the LASER, termed Gravitational-wave LASER or "GASER" is the quantum approach to the efficient generation of gravitational waves. Electrons, protons, muons, etc, all have charge and mass, if accelerated they usually lose energy through the very fast electric and magnetic channels, this causes a negligible emission through the gravitational channel. Quantum systems can be engineered to forbid electric and magnetic transitions, therefore the gravitational spin-2 transitions can take place. A class of active materials, suitable for making a GASER based on electronic transitions in the solid state, is identified...

  10. Is this the end of dark energy?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edsio M. Barboza Jr.; Rafael C. Nunes; verton M. C. Abreu; Jorge Ananias Neto

    2015-01-13

    In this paper we investigate the limits imposed by thermodynamics to a dark energy fluid. We obtain the heat capacities and the compressibilities for a dark energy fluid. These thermodynamical variables are easily accessible experimentally for any terrestrial fluid. The thermal and mechanical stabilities require these quantities to be positive. We show that such requirements forbid the existence of a cosmic fluid with negative constant EoS parameter which excludes vacuum energy as a candidate to explain the cosmic acceleration. We also show that the current observational data from SN Ia, BAO and $H(z)$ are in conflict with the physical constraints that a general dark energy fluid with a time-dependent EoS parameter must obey which can be interpreted as an evidence against the dark energy hypothesis. Although our result excludes the vacuum energy, a geometrical cosmological term as originally introduced by Einstein in the field equations remains untouched.

  11. Is this the end of dark energy?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barboza, Edsio M; Abreu, verton M C; Neto, Jorge Ananias

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the limits imposed by thermodynamics to a dark energy fluid. We obtain the heat capacities and the compressibilities for a dark energy fluid. These thermodynamical variables are easily accessible experimentally for any terrestrial fluid. The thermal and mechanical stabilities require these quantities to be positive. We show that such requirements forbid the existence of a cosmic fluid with negative constant EoS parameter which excludes vacuum energy as a candidate to explain the cosmic acceleration. We also show that the current observational data from SN Ia, BAO and $H(z)$ are in conflict with the physical constraints that a general dark energy fluid with a time-dependent EoS parameter must obey which can be interpreted as an evidence against the dark energy hypothesis. Although our result excludes the vacuum energy, a geometrical cosmological term as originally introduced by Einstein in the field equations remains untouched.

  12. Drilling ban yields verdict

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nation, L.M.

    1992-01-01

    This paper briefly reviews a lawsuit which is under appeal by the State of Michigan regarding a takings claim filed over a petroleum exploration site. The dispute arose as a result of a 1987 decision by the Michigan Department of Natural Resources forbidding the property owners from developing the mineral rights leased to Miller Brothers in the Huron/Manistee National Forest. This area is bisected by a trend of Silurian Niagaran reef complexes which has a known production history throughout the State. The dunes area of the national forest has been deemed a wilderness area. As a result of the State's decision, the courts have awarded a sum of 71 million dollars to the developer to cover damages and lost resources. The reserve estimates were taken from adjacent areas which showed that the Niagaran reefs are relatively consistent in their yield.

  13. Phenomenological description of quantum gravity inspired modified classical electrodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Montemayor; Luis F. Urrutia

    2007-01-26

    We discuss a large class of phenomenological models incorporating quantum gravity motivated corrections to electrodynamics. The framework is that of electrodynamics in a birefringent and dispersive medium with non-local constitutive relations, which are considered up to second order in the inverse of the energy characterizing the quantum gravity scale. The energy-momentum tensor, Green functions and frequency dependent refraction indices are obtained, leading to departures from standard physics. The effective character of the theory is also emphasized by introducing a frequency cutoff. The analysis of its effects upon the standard notion of causality is performed, showing that in the radiation regime the expected corrections get further suppressed by highly oscillating terms, thus forbiding causality violations to show up in the corresponding observational effects.

  14. From invasion percolation to flow in rock fracture networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wettstein, Salomon J; Araujo, Nuno A M; Lanyon, Bill; Herrmann, Hans J

    2011-01-01

    The main purpose of this work is to simulate two-phase flow in the form of immiscible displacement through anisotropic, three-dimensional (3D) discrete fracture networks (DFN). The considered DFNs are artificially generated, based on a general distribution function or are conditioned on measured data from deep geological investigations. We introduce several modifications to the invasion percolation (MIP) to incorporate fracture inclinations, intersection lines, as well as the hydraulic path length inside the fractures. Additionally a trapping algorithm is implemented that forbids any advance of the invading fluid into a region, where the defending fluid is completely encircled by the invader and has no escape route. We study invasion, saturation, and flow through artificial fracture networks, with varying anisotropy and size and finally compare our findings to well studied, conditioned fracture networks.

  15. Signature of the Fragmentation of a Color Flux Tube

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wong, Cheuk-Yin

    2015-10-07

    The production of quark-antiquark pairs along a color flux tube precedes the fragmentation of the tube. Because of the local conservation of momentum and charge, the production of a $q$-$\\bar q$ pair will lead to correlations of adjacently produced mesons (mostly pions). Adjacently produced pions however can be signalled by the their rapidity difference $\\Delta y$ falling within the window of $|\\Delta y | morethe near side at $(\\Delta \\phi, \\Delta y) \\sim 0$, but an enhanced azimuthal correlation on the back-to-back, away side at $(\\Delta \\phi$$\\sim$$ \\pi,\\Delta y$$\\sim$0). Similarly, in a flux tube fragmentation, the local conservation of charge will forbid the production of like charge pions within $|\\Delta y | 1/(dN_\\pi/dy)$. These properties may be used as the signature for the fragmentation of a color flux tube.less

  16. The quantum bit from relativity of simultaneity on an interferometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garner, Andrew J P; Dahlsten, Oscar C O

    2014-01-01

    The patterns of fringes produced by an interferometer have always been important testbeds for our best contemporary theories of physics. Historically, interference has been used to contrast quantum mechanics to classical physics, but recently experiments have been performed that test quantum theory against even more exotic alternatives. A physically motivated family of theories are those where the state space of a two-level system is given by a sphere of arbitrary dimension. This includes classical bits, and real, complex and quaternionic quantum theory. In this paper, we consider relativity of simultaneity (that observers may disagree about the order of events at different locations) as applied to a two-armed interferometer. We show that this forbids most interference phenomena more complicated than those of standard complex quantum theory. In this sense, special relativity itself can be used to explain why physics should be described by the rules of quantum theory in this setup. Moreover, our result has con...

  17. Computation of the spectra of the quasars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacques Moret-Bailly

    2003-08-28

    The repartition of redshifts of the lines observed in the spectra of the quasars is generally considered as stochastic, but several authors showed that the difference of two redshifts is the product of an integer by a basic redshift zf = 0.062. This property results from a coherent Raman effect during the propagation of the incoherent light in a halo of atomic hydrogen, without any jet of gas, or dark matter. The coherence forbids a blur of the images or of the spectra. The computation of zf does not require any new spectroscopic parameter. The non-linearity of the combination of Lyman absorptions and coherent Raman effect explains both the observed positions of the spectral lines and their high contrast.

  18. First images on the sky from a hyper telescope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Pedretti; A. Labeyrie; L. Arnold; N. Thureau; O. Lardiere; A. Boccaletti; P. Riaud

    2000-09-28

    We show star images obtained with a miniature ``densified pupil imaging interferometer'' also called a hyper-telescope. The formation of such images violates a ``golden rule of imaging interferometers'' which appeared to forbid the use of interferometric arrangements differing from a Fizeau interferometer. These produce useless images when the sub-apertures spacing is much wider than their size, owing to diffraction through the sub-apertures. The hyper-telescope arrangement solves these problems opening the way towards multi-kilometer imaging arrays in space. We experimentally obtain an intensity gain of 24 +- 3X when a densified-pupil interferometer is compared to an equivalent Fizeau-type interferometer and show images of the double star alpha Gem. The initial results presented confirm the possibility of directly obtaining high resolution and high dynamic range images in the recombined focal plane of a large interferometer if enough elements are used.

  19. A microscopic derivation of nuclear collective rotation-vibration model, axially symmetric case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parviz Gulshani

    2015-05-12

    We derive a microscopic version of the successful phenomenological hydrodynamic model of Bohr-Davydov-Faessler-Greiner for collective rotation-vibration motion of an axially symmetric deformed nucleus. The derivation is not limited to small oscillation amplitude. The nuclear Schrodinger equation is canonically transformed the to collective co-ordinates, which is then linearized using a constrained variational method. The associated constraints are imposed on the wavefunction rather than on the particle co-ordinates. The approach yields three self-consistent, time-reversal invariant, cranking-type Schrodinger equations for the rotation-vibration and intrinsic motions, and a self-consistency equation. For harmonic oscillator mean-field potentials, these equations are solved in closed forms and applied to the ground-state rotational bands in some axially-symmetric nuclei. The results are compared with the measured data.

  20. Some general properties of the renormalized stress-energy tensor for static quantum states on (n+1)-dimensional spherically symmetric black holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean Morgan; Stuart Thom; Elizabeth Winstanley; Phil M. Young

    2007-06-28

    We study the renormalized stress-energy tensor (RSET) for static quantum states on (n+1)-dimensional, static, spherically symmetric black holes. By solving the conservation equations, we are able to write the stress-energy tensor in terms of a single unknown function of the radial co-ordinate, plus two arbitrary constants. Conditions for the stress-energy tensor to be regular at event horizons (including the extremal and ``ultra-extremal'' cases) are then derived using generalized Kruskal-like co-ordinates. These results should be useful for future calculations of the RSET for static quantum states on spherically symmetric black hole geometries in any number of space-time dimensions.

  1. Nucleonic analysis of the ETF neutral-beam-injector-duct and vacuum-pumping-duct shields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Urban, W.T.; Seed, T.J.; Dudziak, D.J.

    1981-05-01

    A nucleonic analysis of the Engineering Test Facility neutral-beam-injector-duct and vacuum-pumping-duct shields has been made using a hybrid Monte Carlo/discrete-ordinates method. This method used Monte Carlo to determine internal and external boundary surface sources for subsequent discrete-ordinates calculations of the neutron and gamma-ray transport through the shields. Confidence was provided in both the hybrid method and the results obtained through a comparison with three-dimensional Monte Carlo results. Also determined in the analysis were the energy and angular distributions of neutrons and gamma rays entering the neutral-beam-injector duct from the toroidal plasma chamber, as well as exiting the duct into the neutral-beam-injector chamber. In addition, the energy and angular distributions of neutrons entering the vacuum-pumping chamber were determined.

  2. The phase diagram of QCD in a BAG+HRG based equation of state: appearance of a pseudo-critical point

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Partha Pratim Bhaduri; Victor Roy; A. K. Chaudhuri

    2011-01-25

    Mapping the QCD phase boundary and locating critical end point still remains as an open problem in strong interaction physics. Predictions about the co-ordinates of the critical point in the $(T, \\mu_B)$ plane, from different QCD motivated models show a wide variation. Lattice QCD calculations are also available, that give an estimation of the critical point for chiral phase transition, where the transition changes its nature from rapid cross over to first order transition. Recently co-ordinates of the critical point for deconfinement phase transition are claimed to be found as an endpoint of the first order phase transition line, in Bag model scenario. In the present paper we have shown that Bag model gives a complete first order phase transition line in the $(T, \\mu_B)$ plane, and one can not have any point where the transition changes its nature.

  3. The nonlinear characteristic scheme for X-Y geometry transport problems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walters, W.F.; Wareing, T.A.; Marr, D.R.

    1995-12-31

    The Nonlinear Characteristic (NC) numerical scheme for solving the discrete ordinates form of the transport equation is derived for X-Y geometry. The NC scheme is based on the analytic solution of the discrete-ordinate transport equation in each mesh cell. The driving source for the transport equation is represented by a three-moment preserving, strictly positive, exponential distribution obtained using information theory methods. The analysis of two test problems demonstrates the superior behavior of the NC scheme as compared to other numerical schemes currently used to solve the transport equation. The NC scheme is found to be strictly positive and accurate on meshes where other methods yield either negative and/or remarkably inaccurate results.

  4. Corso di Meccanica Statistica Fisica Computazionale 2008/2009 Esercitazione 2 Esercizi proposti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giannozzi, Paolo

    dell'energia E `e P(E) (E)e-E = exp(log (E) - E). (1) Sia log (E) che E sono dell'ordine di N; questo- nee di energia pari a 10-6 E per un sistema di 0.001 moli di gas. 2. Si consideri un sistema di N µ, che pu`o essere parallelo o anti-parallelo al campo. Di conseguenza l'energia di un particolare

  5. CERT tribal internship program. Final intern report: Melinda Jacquez, 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-09-01

    The purpose of the intern project was to write a comprehensive booklet on all state legislation proposed in 1995 on Native American issues. A second purpose was to contact tribal governments and request an ordinance, law or resolution on hazardous and nuclear waste transportation. This intern report contains a summary of bills proposed in 37 state legislatures pertaining to Native American issues. Time ran out before the second project objective could be met.

  6. Evaluation of a Multifamily Retrofit in Climate Zone 5, Boulder, Colorado (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-11-01

    In 2009, a 37-unit apartment complex located in Boulder, Colorado, underwent an energy retrofit to comply with Boulder SmartRegs Ordinance, a mandate that requires all rental properties to meet certain energy efficiency standards by 2018. The Consortium of Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB), a U.S. Department of Energy Building America team, worked with city planners and building owners to evaluate this program and recently completed a case study evaluating the effectiveness of a collection of retrofit measures.

  7. Existing Whole-House Solutions Case Study: Evaluation of a Multifamily Retrofit in Climate Zone 5, Boulder, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-11-01

    In 2009, a 37-unit apartment complex located in Boulder, Colorado, underwent an energy retrofit to comply with Boulder SmartRegs Ordinance, a mandate that requires all rental properties to meet certain energy efficiency standards by 2018. The Consortium of Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB), a U.S. Department of Energy Building America team, worked with city planners and building owners to evaluate this program and recently completed a case study evaluating the effectiveness of a collection of retrofit measures.

  8. Conservation: The Water We Don't Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guz, K.

    2011-01-01

    , PR ? Reasonable Regulation City Ordinance described by AWE as most inclusive in the country ? Financial Investment Capital program, tiered rate structure, rebate programs, free products and customer consultations, water quality protection... Three-legged stool November 9, 2011 Energy & Water Nexus Page 5 Kick the Can FREE Toilets Watersaver Landscape & Irrigation Retrofit Rebates Commercial Wash Right Washing Machine Rebate Hot Water On Demand Rebate Weekly E-newsleter San...

  9. Medical Practice, Urban Politics and Patronage: The London Commonalty of Physicians and Surgeons of the 1420s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colson, Justin; Ralley, Rob

    2015-01-01

    followed by the Mercers and the Goldsmiths; by the 1420s the majority of Londons larger companies had obtained incorporation via royal letters patent, which often contained new ordinances. However, the disconnection between royal authority and pre... such as barbers and apothecaries, or between royal and urban authorities, dooming them to failure. Consequently, England would lack medical regulation comparable to its European neighbours for a further hundred years. [section break] Traditional historiography...

  10. Connecticut Rooftop Solar PV Permitting Guide

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Connecticut Rooftop Solar PV Permitting Guide is a compilation of best practices and resources for solar PV permitting. The guide includes a summary of current codes and regulations affecting solar PV, best practices for streamlining the municipal permitting process, and tools to assist municipalities in creating a streamlined permit process for residential solar PV. Resources include a solar PV permit application, a structural review worksheet, an inspection checklist, and a model solar zoning ordinance.

  11. Rebates: The Energy Efficiency Measure that Can Make a Major Difference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haun, C. R.

    1985-01-01

    no weatherization improvements have been made, tenants suddenly finb themselves responsible for additional payments for which they either have not budgeted, or for which they simply do not have sufficient resources. 1 Even when weatherization measures have been... Technology is pressing for passage of an ordinance in Chicago that would require building owners to bring property up to energy-efficiency weatherization standards before they would be permitted to convert. MANAGEMENT CONTROL Through the use of a...

  12. Eight underground designs: underground plans Book No. 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wells, M.; Wells, S.G.

    1981-01-01

    Eight different designs are given for earth-sheltered houses. Each design is depicted thoroughly, with floor plans, cross sections, views from the several sides, and some general comments. The plans are intended as a planning tool to be adapted to individual needs, budgets, sites and local ordinances. Each plan expresses a different idea, with terrain varying from flat land to south and north slopes. Conventional and novel construction and design methods are demonstrated.

  13. Queering the Narrative: Life Writing in the Bruce McKinney Collection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Susan Kay

    2012-08-31

    , who saved everything. Thank you for trusting me. v Acknowledgements There are a number of people who have stood behind this project and me from the very beginning. I would like to thank Dr. Maryemma Graham and Dr... throughout Kansas, and the Topeka and Wichita park ordinances that restrict queer interaction. At times, social space has been conceded easily, while at other times, the lesbian and gay community, determined to be acknowledged, have fought difficult...

  14. Calculations of bound and resonant electronic states for the GaAs (111) (2x2) reconstructed surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blount, Samuel Stephen

    1985-01-01

    planar wavevector, pt, (k, E). Procedure Performing the electronic surface state calculation basically involves a four step procedure. These are: 1) Calculate the tight, -binding bulk Hamiltonian, Ho(k), 2) Find the subspace bulk Green's function in t... transform bulk coordinates to surface adapted co- ordinates are: j& = ? 45' (3dfio) 8 = cos '( ? ) = 54. 7 3 (3. iffy) tt =0' (3. i6c) where these angles are defined explicitly in Goldstein. Once Ho(k) is rotated to surface adapted coordinates...

  15. Efficient Repeated Implementation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, J; Sabourian, Hamid

    differences to what we have learned about implementation in the one-shot context. In particular, one-shot implementability does not imply repeated implementability if the agents can co-ordinate on histories, thereby creating other, possi- bly unwanted... , equilibria. 1The literature on dynamic mechanism design does not address the issue of full-implementation since it is concerned only with establishing the existence of a single equilibrium of some mechanism that possesses the desired properties. 1 To gain...

  16. Second Research Coordination Meeting on Reference Database for Neutron Activation Analysis -- Summary Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Firestone, Richard B.; Kellett, Mark A.

    2008-03-19

    The second meeting of the Co-ordinated Research Project on"Reference Database for Neutron Activation Analysis" was held at the IAEA, Vienna from 7-9 May, 2007. A summary of the presentations made by participants is given, along with reports on specifically assigned tasks and subsequent discussions. In order to meet the overall objectives of this CRP, the outputs have been reiterated and new task assignments made.

  17. Method and apparatus for selective capture of gas phase analytes using metal .beta.-diketonate polymers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Harvey, Scott D [Kennewick, WA

    2011-06-21

    A process and sensor device are disclosed that employ metal .beta.-diketonate polymers to selectively capture gas-phase explosives and weaponized chemical agents in a sampling area or volume. The metal .beta.-diketonate polymers can be applied to surfaces in various analytical formats for detection of: improvised explosive devices, unexploded ordinance, munitions hidden in cargo holds, explosives, and chemical weapons in public areas.

  18. Environmental Baseline Survey Report for the Title Transfer of Parcel ED-9 at the East Tennessee Technology Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SAIC

    2010-05-01

    This environmental baseline survey (EBS) report documents the baseline environmental conditions of the U. S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Parcel ED-9 at the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP). Parcel ED-9 consists of about 13 acres that DOE proposes to transfer to Heritage Center, LLC (hereafter referred to as 'Heritage Center'), a subsidiary of the Community Reuse Organization of East Tennessee (CROET). The 13 acres include two tracts of land, referred to as ED-9A (7.06 acres) and ED-9B (5.02 acres), and a third tract consisting of about 900 linear feet of paved road and adjacent right-of-way, referred to as ED-9C (0.98 acres). Transfer of the title to ED-9 will be by deed under a Covenant Deferral Request (CDR) pursuant to Section 120(h)(3)(C) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA). This report provides a summary of information to support the transfer of this government-owned property at ETTP to a non-federal entity.

  19. Conductivity Profile Determination by Eddy Current for Shot Peened Superalloy Surfaces Toward Residual Stress Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shen, Y.; Lo, C. C. H.; Frishman, A. M.; Lee, C.; Nakagawa, N. [Center for Nondestructive Evaluation, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States)

    2007-03-21

    This paper describes an eddy current model-based method for inverting near-surface conductivity deviation profiles of surface treated materials from swept-high frequency eddy current (SHFEC) data. This work forms part of our current research directed towards the development of an electromagnetic nondestructive technique for assessing residual stress of shot-peened superalloy components. The inversion procedure is based on the use of a parameterized function to describe the near-surface conductivity as a function of depth for a shot-peened surface, and the laterally uniform multi-layer theory of Cheng, Dodd and Deeds to calculate the resulting coil impedance deviations. The convergence of the inversion procedure has been tested against synthesized eddy current data. As a demonstration, the conductivity deviation profiles of a series of Inconel 718 specimens, shot peened at various Almen intensities, have been obtained by inversion. Several consistency tests were conducted to examine the reliability of the inverted conductivity profiles. The results show that conductivity deviation profiles can be reliably determined from SHFEC data within the accuracy of the current measurement system.

  20. Environmental Assessment for the Transfer of the DP Road Tract to the County of Los Alamos. Predecisional Draft.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-11-15

    The purpose of an Environmental Assessment (EA) is to provide the DOE with sufficient evidence and analysis to determine whether to prepare an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) or a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI). In this case, the DOE decision to be made is whether or not to transfer its ownership of the subject land tract by deed. This type of action does not in and of itself result in environmental effects; however, the DOE has considered the planned use of the land and the ensuing potential environmental effects subsequent to the transfer of ownership in its decision making process. Therefore, DOE is evaluating its decision in light of the contemplated land use as outlined by County officials that could only occur if the DOE decides to transfer its ownership of the subject land tract. The objectives of this EA are (1) to describe the baseline environmental conditions at the tract location involved in the Proposed Action, (2) to analyze potential generic effects to the baseline environment from land development activities and future occupants' operations occurring at the tract location, and (3) to identify and characterize cumulative effects of future anticipated uses of the tract involved in the Proposed Action together with those of surrounding properties. In addition, the EA provides DOE with environmental information that would be used in preparing appropriate notices which would serve to preserve the integrity of the human environment and natural ecosystems should the DOE decide to proceed with the Proposed Action.

  1. Environmental assessment for the resiting, construction, and operation of the Environmental and Molecular Sciences Laboratory at the Hanford Site, Richland, Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-07-01

    This environmental assessment (EA) presents estimated environmental impacts from the resiting, construction, and operation of the US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Environmental and Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL), which is proposed to be constructed and operated on land near the south boundary of the Hanford Site near Richland, Washington. The EMSL, if constructed, would be a modern research facility in which experimental, theoretical, and computational techniques can be focused on environmental restoration problems, such as the chemical and transport behavior of complex mixtures of contaminants in the environment. The EMSL design includes approximately 18,500 square meters (200,000 square feet) of floor space on a 12-hectare (30-acre) site. The proposed new site is located within the city limits of Richland in north Richland, at the south end of DOE`s 300 Area, on land to be deeded to the US by the Battelle Memorial Institute. Approximately 200 persons are expected to be employed in the EMSL and approximately 60 visiting scientists may be working in the EMSL at any given time. State-of-the-art equipment is expected to be installed and used in the EMSL. Small amounts of hazardous substances (chemicals and radionuclides) are expected to be used in experimental work in the EMSL.

  2. Proton Stability and Light $Z^\\prime$ Inspired by String Derived Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alon E. Faraggi; Viraf M. Mehta

    2011-06-15

    Proton stability is one of the most perplexing puzzles in particle physics. While the renormalizable Standard Model forbids proton decay mediating operators due to accidental global symmetries, many of its extensions introduce such dimension four, five and six operators. Furthermore, it is, in general, expected that quantum gravity only respects local gauge, or discreet, symmetries. String theory provides the arena to study particle physics in a consistent framework of perturbative quantum gravity. An appealing proposition, in this context, is that the dangerous operators are suppressed by an Abelian gauge symmetry, which is broken near the TeV scale. A viable U(1) symmetry should also be anomaly free, be family universal, and allow the generation of fermion masses via the Higgs mechanism. We discuss such U(1) symmetries that arise in quasi--realistic free fermionic heterotic--string derived models. Ensuring that the U(1) symmetry is anomaly free at the low scale requires that the Standard Model spectrum is augmented by additional states that are compatible with the charge assignments in the string models. We construct such string--inspired models and discuss some of their phenomenological implications.

  3. Proton Stability, Gauge Coupling Unification and a Light $Z^\\prime$ in Heterotic-string Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alon E. Faraggi; Viraf M. Mehta

    2013-06-11

    We explore the phenomenological viability of a light Z' in heterotic-string models, whose existence has been motivated by proton stability arguments. A class of quasi-realistic string models that produce such a viable Z' are the Left-Right Symmetric (LRS) heterotic-string models in the free fermionic formulation. A key feature of these models is that the matter charges under U(1)_Z' do not admit an E6 embedding. The light Z' in the LRS heterotic-string models forbids baryon number violating operators, while allowing lepton number violating operators, hence suppressing proton decay yet allowing for sufficiently small neutrino masses via a seesaw mechanism. We show that the constraints imposed by the gauge coupling data and heterotic-string coupling unification nullify the viability of a light Z' in these models. We further argue that agreement with the gauge coupling data necessitates that the U(1)_Z' charges admit an E6 embedding. We discuss how viable string models with this property may be constructed.

  4. Background independent exact renormalization group for conformally reduced gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juergen A. Dietz; Tim R. Morris

    2015-04-27

    Within the conformally reduced gravity model, where the metric is parametrised by a function $f(\\phi)$ of the conformal factor $\\phi$, we keep dependence on both the background and fluctuation fields, to local potential approximation and $\\mathcal{O}(\\partial^2)$ respectively, making no other approximation. Explicit appearances of the background metric are then dictated by realising a remnant diffeomorphism invariance. The standard non-perturbative Renormalization Group (RG) scale $k$ is inherently background dependent, which we show in general forbids the existence of RG fixed points with respect to $k$. By utilising transformations that follow from combining the flow equations with the modified split Ward identity, we uncover a unique background independent notion of RG scale, $\\hat k$. The corresponding RG flow equations are then not only explicitly background independent along the entire RG flow but also explicitly independent of the form of $f$. In general $f(\\phi)$ is forced to be scale dependent and needs to be renormalised, but if this is avoided then $k$-fixed points are allowed and furthermore they coincide with $\\hat k$-fixed points.

  5. What is the probability of a thermodynamical transition?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    lvaro M. Alhambra; Jonathan Oppenheim; Christopher Perry

    2015-04-07

    If the second law of thermodynamics forbids a transition from one state to another, then it is still possible to make the transition happen by using a sufficient amount of work. But if we do not have access to this amount of work, can the transition happen probabilistically? In the thermodynamic limit, this probability tends to zero, but here we find that for finite-sized systems, it can be finite. We compute the maximum probability of a transition or a thermodynamical fluctuation from any initial state to any final state, and show that this maximum can be achieved for any final state which is block-diagonal in the energy eigenbasis. We also find upper and lower bounds on this transition probability, in terms of the work of transition. As a bi-product, we introduce a finite set of thermodynamical monotones related to the thermo-majorization criteria which governs state transitions, and compute the work of transition in terms of them. The trade-off between the probability of a transition, and any partial work added to aid in that transition is also considered. Our results have applications in entanglement theory, and we find the amount of entanglement required (or gained) when transforming one pure entangled state into any other.

  6. Space-time Curvature of Classical Electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. W. M. Woodside

    2004-10-08

    The space-time curvature carried by electromagnetic fields is discovered and a new unification of geometry and electromagnetism is found. Curvature is invariant under charge reversal symmetry. Electromagnetic field equations are examined with De Rham co homology theory. Radiative electromagnetic fields must be exact and co exact to preclude unobserved massless topological charges. Weyl's conformal tensor, here called ``the gravitational field'', is decomposed into a divergence-free non-local piece with support everywhere and a local piece with the same support as the matter. By tuning a local gravitational field to a Maxwell field the electromagnetic field's local gravitational field is discovered. This gravitational field carries the electromagnetic field's polarization or phase information, unlike Maxwell's stress-energy tensor. The unification assumes Einstein's equations and derives Maxwell's equations from curvature assumptions. Gravity forbids magnetic monopoles! This unification is stronger than the Einstein-Maxwell equations alone, as those equations must produce the electromagnetic field's local gravitational field and not just any conformal tensor. Charged black holes are examples. Curvature of radiative null electromagnetic fields is characterized.

  7. Design of a Quantum Source of High-Frequency Gravitational Waves (HFGW) and Test Methodology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giorgio Fontana

    2004-10-04

    The generation of High-Frequency Gravitational Waves (HFGW) has been identified as the required breakthrough that will lead to new forms of space propulsion. Many techniques have been devised to generate HFGW, but most of them exhibit marginal efficiency, therefore the power emitted in form of gravitational waves (GW) is orders of magnitude lower than the input power. The gravitational wave counterpart of the LASER, termed Gravitational-wave LASER or "GASER" is the quantum approach to the efficient generation of gravitational waves. Electrons, protons, muons, etc, all have charge and mass, if accelerated they usually lose energy through the very fast electric and magnetic channels, this causes a negligible emission through the gravitational channel. Quantum systems can be engineered to forbid electric and magnetic transitions, therefore the gravitational spin-2 transitions can take place. A class of active materials, suitable for making a GASER based on electronic transitions in the solid state, is identified along with their relevant physical properties. Means for creating coherence and population inversion and means to increase the emission probability are described. The expected performances of the device are derived from quantum gravitational theories. Additional properties of the active materials are considered to enforce the theoretical foundation of the device. A proof-of-concept device, operating at about 1 THz, is described. Experiments are proposed as a natural starting point of the research.

  8. Odd Top Partners at the LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Archana Anandakrishnan; Jack H. Collins; Marco Farina; Eric Kuflik; Maxim Perelstein

    2015-06-16

    LHC searches for fermionic top partners $T$ focus on three decay topologies: $T\\to bW$, $T\\to tZ$, and $T\\to th$. However, top partners may carry new conserved quantum numbers that forbid these decays. The simplest possibility is a conserved parity, under which the top partner is odd and all SM states are even. In this case, decays of top partners may involve new particle-odd scalars, leading to signal topologies more commonly associated with supersymmetry, either with or without R-parity conservation. We study a simplified model in which this possibility is realized, and estimate the bounds on the top partner mass in this model implied by LHC searches for supersymmetry. We find that the bounds can be significantly weaker than in the conventional top partner decay scenario. For example, if the new parity is exact, a 500 GeV top partner is allowed as long as the lightest parity-odd scalar mass is between 325 and 500 GeV. The lower allowed top partner mass reduces the need for fine-tuning in the Higgs mass parameter, compared to the conventional decay scenario. We also present an explicit model, the Oddest Little Higgs, which exhibits this phenomenology.

  9. Majorana Neutrinos, Neutrino Mass Spectrum and the || ~ 0.001 eV Frontier in Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Pascoli; S. T. Petcov

    2007-11-30

    If future neutrino oscillation experiments show that the neutrino mass spectrum is with normal ordering, m1 | > 0.01 eV give negative results, the next frontier in the quest for neutrinoless double beta-decay will correspond to || ~ 0.001 eV. Assuming that massive neutrinos are Majorana particles and their exchange is the dominant mechanism generating neutrinoless double beta-decay, we analise the conditions under which ||, in the case of three neutrino mixing and neutrino mass spectrum with normal ordering, would satisfy || > 0.001 eV. We consider the specific cases of i) normal hierarchical neutrino mass spectrum, ii) of relatively small value of the CHOOZ angle theta13 as well as iii) the general case of spectrum with normal ordering, partial hierarchy and a value of theta13 close to the existing upper limit. We study the ranges of the lightest neutrino mass m1 and/or of sin^2 theta13, for which ||> 0.001 eV and discuss the phenomenological implications of such scenarios. We provide also an estimate of || when the three neutrino masses and the neutrino mixing originate from neutrino mass term of Majorana type for the (left-handed) flavour neutrinos and m1 Ue1^2 + m2 U_e2^2 + m3 Ue3^2 =0, but there does not exist a symmetry which forbids the neutrinoless double beta-decay.

  10. Exact propagating nonlinear singular disturbances in strongly coupled dusty plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Das, Amita; Tiwari, Sanat Kumar; Kaw, Predhiman; Sen, Abhijit [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382428 (India)

    2014-08-15

    The dynamical response of the strongly coupled dusty plasma medium has recently been described by utilizing the Generalized Hydrodynamic (GHD) model equations. The GHD equations capture the visco-elastic properties of the medium and have been successful in predicting a host of phenomena (e.g., existence of novel transverse shear waves in the fluid medium, modification of longitudinal wave dispersion by elastic effects, etc.) which have found experimental confirmation. In this paper, the nonlinear longitudinal response of the medium governed by GHD equations in strong coupling limit is discussed analytically. The structure of the equations rules out the balance between dispersion and nonlinearity, thereby, forbidding soliton formation. However, a host of new varieties of nonlinear solutions are found to exist, which have singular spatial profiles and yet have conservative properties. For instance, existence of novel conservative shock structures with zero strength is demonstrated, waves whose breaking produces no dissipation in the medium are observed, propagating solutions which produce cusp like singularities can exist and so on. It is suggested that simulations and experiments should look for these novel nonlinear structures in the large amplitude strong coupling limit of longitudinal disturbances in dusty plasmas.

  11. Recipes and Ingredients for Neutrino Mass at Loop Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yasaman Farzan; Silvia Pascoli; Michael A. Schmidt

    2013-03-25

    The large hierarchy between the neutrino mass scale and that of the other fermions seems to be unnatural from a theoretical point of view. Various strategies have been devised in order to generate naturally small values of neutrino masses. One of these techniques is neutrino mass generation at the loop level which requires a mechanism, e.g., a symmetry, to forbid the lower order contributions. Here, we study in detail the conditions on this type of symmetries. We put special emphasis on the discrete Z_n symmetries as a simple example but our results can be also extended to more general groups. We find that regardless of the details of the symmetry, in certain cases the existence of a lower order contribution to neutrino masses can be determined by the topology of the diagrams with a given number of loops. We discuss the lepton flavor violating rare decays as well as (g-2)_\\mu in this class of models, which generically appear at the one loop level. Typically the imposed symmetry has important implications for dark matter, with the possibility of stabilizing one or even multiple dark matter candidates.

  12. Theoretical and Experimental Results Regarding LENR/CF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert W. Bass; Wm. Stan Gleeson

    2000-11-12

    We challenge the predominant view that low-energy nuclear reactions (LENRs) are prohibited by standard quantum mechanics (QM). This view, supposedly based on standard nuclear theory, need not apply in condensed-matter environments. These considerations indicate that seemingly novel experimental evidence of rapid aneutronic bulk-process transmutation, at extraordinarily low-energy levels, in a simple electrochemical reactor, can occur. This explains: (a) induced rapid decay of radioactive thorium into stable nuclides, e.g., Cu and (b) resulting, anomalous distribution of Cu isotopes. We reexamine arguments of Peebles cited as evidence that standard QM 'forbids' cold fusion (CF). We note oversimplifications in those and present an alternative, more sophisticated calculation (see Bass, Refs. 3 through 8) demonstrating that conventional wisdom about impenetrability of the 'Coulomb barrier' fails as a result of periodic-order-induced resonance. We also examine empirical evidence. In three independent tests of an LENR electrolysis cell, using different I-V-T (current/voltage/time) protocols, the percentage of radiation reduction (RR) transmutation achieved {eta}=[23{percent}, 50{percent}, 83{percent}] versus expended energy E=[0.6535, 32.5, 74.6] (Watt-hours), obtained by numerical integration of recorded product I{center_dot}V for processing time T, provides near-perfect straight-line correlation: {eta}={alpha}{center_dot}E + {eta}{sub 0}, {alpha}=0.8105, {eta}{sub 0}=22.888, (0.65 < E < 0.75).

  13. A mechanism for stickness, dealing with extreme events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taline Suellen Kruger; Paulo Paneque Galuzio; Thiago de Lima Prado; Sergio Roberto Lopes; Jos Danilo Szezech Jr; Ricardo Luiz Viana

    2015-01-12

    In this letter we study how hyperbolic and non hyperbolic regions in the neighborhood of a resonant island perform a important role allowing or forbidding stickiness phenomenon around islands in conservative systems. The vicinity of the island is composed by non hyperbolic areas that almost prevent the trajectory to visit the island edge. For some specific parameters there are tiny channels embedded in the non hyperbolic area that are associated to hyperbolic fixed points present in the neighborhood of the islands. Such channels allow the trajectory to be injected in the inner portion of the vicinity. When the trajectory crosses the barrier imposed by the non hyperbolic regions, it spends a long time to abandon the surrounding of the island, since the barrier also prevents the trajectory to scape from the neighborhood of the island. In this scenario the non hyperbolic structures are the responsible for the stickiness phenomena, and more than that, the strength of the sticky effect. We reveal that those properties of the phase space allow us to manipulate the existence of extreme events (and the transport associated to it) responsible for the non equilibrium fluctuation of the system. In fact we demonstrate that monitoring very small portions of the phase space (namely $\\approx 4\\times 10^{-4}$ \\% of it) it is possible to generate a completely diffusive system eliminating long time recurrences that result from the stickiness phenomenon.

  14. A Stronger Bell Argument for Quantum Non-Locality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul M. Nger

    2015-07-27

    It is widely accepted that the violation of Bell inequalities excludes local theories of the quantum realm. This paper presents a stronger Bell argument which even forbids certain non-local theories. Among these excluded non-local theories are those whose only non-local connection is a probabilistic (or functional) dependence between the space-like separated measurement outcomes of EPR/B experiments (a subset of outcome dependent theories). In this way, the new argument shows that the result of the received Bell argument, which requires just any kind of non-locality, is inappropriately weak. Positively, the remaining non-local theories, which can violate Bell inequalities (among them quantum theory), are characterized by the fact that at least one of the measurement outcomes in some sense probabilistically depends both on its local as well as on its distant measurement setting (probabilistic Bell contextuality). Whether an additional dependence between the outcomes holds, is irrelevant for the question whether a certain theory can violate Bell inequalities. This new concept of quantum non-locality is considerably tighter and more informative than the one following from the standard Bell argument. We prove that (given usual background assumptions) the result of the stronger Bell argument presented here is the strongest possible consequence from the violation of Bell inequalities on a qualitative probabilistic level.

  15. Exotic Leptons. Higgs, Flavor and Collider Phenomenology

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Altmannshofer, Wolfgang; Bauer, Martin; Carena, Marcela

    2014-01-15

    We study extensions of the standard model by one generation of vector-like leptons with non-standard hypercharges, which allow for a sizable modification of the h ? ?? decay rate for new lepton masses in the 300 GeV-1 TeV range. We also analyze vacuum stability implications for different hypercharges. Effects in h ? Z? are typically much smaller than in h ? ??, but distinct among the considered hypercharge assignments. Non-standard hypercharges constrain or entirely forbid possible mixing operators with standard model leptons. As a consequence, the leading contributions to the experimentally strongly constrained electric dipole moments of standard model fermionsmoreare only generated at the two loop level by the new CP violating sources of the considered setups. Furthermore, we derive the bounds from dipole moments, electro-weak precision observables and lepton flavor violating processes, and discuss their implications. Finally, we examine the production and decay channels of the vector-like leptons at the LHC, and find that signatures with multiple light leptons or taus are already probing interesting regions of parameter space.less

  16. Cloudnet Project

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Hogan, Robin

    2008-01-15

    Cloudnet is a research project supported by the European Commission. This project aims to use data obtained quasi-continuously for the development and implementation of cloud remote sensing synergy algorithms. The use of active instruments (lidar and radar) results in detailed vertical profiles of important cloud parameters which cannot be derived from current satellite sensing techniques. A network of three already existing cloud remote sensing stations (CRS-stations) will be operated for a two year period, activities will be co-ordinated, data formats harmonised and analysis of the data performed to evaluate the representation of clouds in four major european weather forecast models.

  17. Design of Crude Oil Pre-Heat Trains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polley, G. T.; Yeap, B. L.; Wilson, D. I.; Panjeh Shahi, M. H.

    2002-01-01

    stream_source_info ESL-IE-02-04-21.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 17668 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name ESL-IE-02-04-21.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 Design of Crude Oil...-ordinates of hot stream inlet/desalter inlet temperature. The slope of the line is given by the ratio of the crude oil heat capacity flowrate to the hot stream heat capacity flowrate. The result could be that shown in Figure 7. ~ ?.JIt...

  18. Developing a web accessible integrated database and visualization tool for bovine quantitative trait loci

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polineni, Pavana

    2005-08-29

    are sequence based. Map based browsers can be converted to sequence based browsers by anchoring marker reference ID to a sequence co- ordinate in a sequence database. The Genome Map Viewer (Davenport et al. 1999) is a Java graphical tool recently developed... by UK CropNet. The Genome Map Viewer can display elements such as loci and it has been used extensively for crop plant species. The GridMap (Priestly et al. 1999) is a generic grid-drawing Java tool that is particularly useful for the display...

  19. Unveiling temporal correlations characteristic to phase transition in the intensity of a fibre laser radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andres Aragoneses; Laura Carpi; Nikita Tarasov; Dmitry V. Churkin; M. C. Torrent; Cristina Masoller; Sergei K. Turitsyn

    2015-06-09

    We use advanced statistical tools of time-series analysis to characterize the dynamical complexity of the transition to optical wave turbulence in a fibre laser. Ordinal analysis and the horizontal visibility graph applied to the experimentally measured laser output intensity reveal the presence of temporal correlations during the transition from the laminar to the turbulent lasing regimes. Both methods unveil coherent structures with well defined time-scales and strong correlations both, in the timing of the laser pulses and in their peak intensities. Our approach is generic and may be used in other complex systems that undergo similar transitions involving the generation of extreme fluctuations.

  20. Vegetation dynamics of a native haymeadow, a grazed meadow, and an oldfield within the San Antonio Prairie of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hightower, Terry Paul

    1987-01-01

    rcl es represent position of the community within the ordination. 8 ~Sti a leucotricha (a) and Diodia tricocca (b) foliar cover across 6 sample dates for the non-defoliated and defoliated samples within the oldfield, grazed meadow and haymeadow... of the Fort Worth Prairie. The prairie was classified as a grazing disclimax, with S~ti a leucotricha and Bothriochloa saccharoides the major dominants. 5 sion in a g I d occ rr d h S~chizach ri s~i 1 re sed and ecological retrogression was indicated...

  1. Federal regulation of false advertising and other deceptive practices directed at the consumer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miner, George Edward

    1962-01-01

    'ininR to 2 osd aad 4ruR adulteratioa were en&a'ted in Cesaany in LR79 and ia prance ia LBB4. Ry 1921 siailar statutes ha4 been passe4 ia Austria, Switaerlan4, Sweden, Deenark, Italy, Russia, Japan, and the United States. Royal ordinances vere issued La..., in the opinion of sons leading physicians, a contributing factor to the proliferation of patent nedicines. The dispersed population that resulted in this westward usvenent sado the availability of conpe- tent nedical care difficult, if sot inpesdible...

  2. Hydroxyproline Ring Pucker Causes Frustration of Helix Parameters in the Collagen Triple Helix

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chow, W. Ying; Bihan, Dominique; Forman, Chris J.; Slatter, David A.; Reid, David G.; Wales, David J.; Farndale, Richard W.; Duer, Melinda J.

    2015-01-01

    -time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry, then lyophilised. Solid-state NMR All ssNMR spectra were recorded on a 9.4 Tesla Bruker Avance I NMR spectrometer, operating at frequencies of 400 MHz (1H) and 100 MHz (13C). Magic angle spinning (MAS) frequency... .38 The initial co-ordinates and topology for (POG)12 were generated from PDB 1V7H 9 and modified to give (PPG)12. Full details can be found in Section S2, Supplementary Information. Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) DSC was performed using a...

  3. Aspects of the phytogeorgraphy of Crowley's Ridge in Arkansas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pecotte, Allen James

    1981-01-01

    , Arkansas. . . 1Z major physiographic regions of Arkansas. . 13 The natural vegetation areas of Arkansas. . 14 Location of pollen sites used in Table 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Distribution of Pinus echinata in the United States. . 16 Ui t ihotiO f... ti 1 6 6 ~tfi if 1 th United States. 17 Iii t ih tioh f P ~otif 11 1 ~ th U it d States. 18 20 21 24 25 35 43 44 46 18 Distribution of Schisandra glabra in the United States. . . . 47 19 Two-axis ordination of the total flora. , 50...

  4. In-core and ex-core calculations of the VENUS simulated PWR benchmark experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, M.L.; Chowdhury, P.; Landesman, M.; Kam, F.B.K.

    1985-01-01

    The VENUS PWR engineering mockup experiment was established to simulate a beginning-of-life, generic PWR configuration at the zero-power VENUS critical facility located at CEN/SCK, Mol, Belgium. The experimental measurement program consists of (1) gamma scans to determine the core power distribution, (2) in-core and ex-core foil activations, (3) neutron spectrometer measurements, and (4) gamma heating measurements with TLD's. Analysis of the VENUS benchmark has been performed with two-dimensional discrete ordinates transport theory, using the DOT-IV code.

  5. Relativistic mean field calculations in neutron-rich nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gangopadhyay, G.; Bhattacharya, Madhubrata [Department of Physics, University of Calcutta, 92 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road, Kolkata 700 009 (India); Roy, Subinit [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Block AF, Sector 1, Kolkata- 700 064 (India)

    2014-08-14

    Relativistic mean field calculations have been employed to study neutron rich nuclei. The Lagrange's equations have been solved in the co-ordinate space. The effect of the continuum has been effectively taken into account through the method of resonant continuum. It is found that BCS approximation performs as well as a more involved Relativistic Continuum Hartree Bogoliubov approach. Calculations reveal the possibility of modification of magic numbers in neutron rich nuclei. Calculation for low energy proton scattering cross sections shows that the present approach reproduces the density in very light neutron rich nuclei.

  6. The lattice points of an n--dimensional tetrahedron y Andrew Granville

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Daniel

    such points have non--zero jth ordinate, is asymptotically 8 ! : n Y j=1 ` X w j ' 9 = ; k \\Theta X ` n c ' 1; that is (1:4) vol S ?? X n = n!p(w) where p(w) := w 1 w 2 : : : wn . On the other hand, S is contained \\Gamma 1) + : : : +wn (Xn \\Gamma 1) Ÿ X; and so we get the upper bound (1:5) vol S Ÿ (X + s(w)) n = n!p(w

  7. The rapid synthesis of oxazolines and their heterogeneous oxidation to oxazoles under flow conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glckner, Steffen; Tran, Duc N.; Ingham, Richard J.; Fenner, Sabine; Wilson, Zoe E.; Battilocchio, Claudio; Ley, Steven V.

    2014-10-28

    in the Python pro- gramming language35,36 and running on a Raspberry Pi microcomputer37 controlled the individual reactor components according to a pre-programmed sequence of timed actions, to co- ordinate the pumps and valves to perform the reactions. Using... (4S,5S)-2-(4-Chlorophenyl)-5-methyl-4,5-dihydrooxazole-4-carb- oxylic acid methyl ester (2b). 1H-NMR (600 MHz, CDCl3) ? = Scheme 6 Automated oxidation of oxazolines using a Raspberry Pi computer and a multiple position valve. Organic & Biomolecular...

  8. The Character of omega 1 in First Countable Spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleissner, William G.

    1977-01-01

    the property of being homeomorphic to an ordinal y as y. We also abbreviate first countable as fc. Let us begin by presenting the application that was the author's motive for this work. One line of attack on the normal Moore space conjecture is to construct... not collectionwise normal. George has these proper- ties, but has a long way to go to become a Moore space; its character is c." In pursuing this line of thought, it is natural to ask the vague question, "Can George be made first countable?" George [F...

  9. Asphalt and Asphaltic Concrete

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, A. R.

    1914-05-01

    of Materials in Curb 36 Proportions Determined by Weight 52 Propo sal 16 Proposal, Plans & Specifications, part of Contract 71 Protection from Sun 37 Protection of Base 44 Protection of New Work 21 Protection of Public 21 Provision for Traffic... bonds at the option of the Mayor and Board of Com- missioners. 29. In performing the work done under any contract, of which these specifications may be a part, the con- tractor will be governed by the laws of the State of Kansas, and the ordinances...

  10. Cloudnet Project

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Hogan, Robin

    Cloudnet is a research project supported by the European Commission. This project aims to use data obtained quasi-continuously for the development and implementation of cloud remote sensing synergy algorithms. The use of active instruments (lidar and radar) results in detailed vertical profiles of important cloud parameters which cannot be derived from current satellite sensing techniques. A network of three already existing cloud remote sensing stations (CRS-stations) will be operated for a two year period, activities will be co-ordinated, data formats harmonised and analysis of the data performed to evaluate the representation of clouds in four major european weather forecast models.

  11. Microstructural Development and Superconducting Parameters of the YBa2Cu3O7-delta Coated Conductor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutter, Noel Anthony

    2001-01-01

    the orientation of crystals in a polycrystalline sample, it is necessary first to define a set of co-ordinates. The standard choice in a rolled metallic sheet is that shown in figure A1, with the cartesian X, Y and Z axes coinciding with the tape rolling... ) over the length and for thin (20-30 nm) films deposited at 400C, a crack-free film is produced. If the film is thicker or the deposition temperature is raised to 700C however, significant cracks along both the tape rolling and transverse directions...

  12. Measurement and modeling of advanced coal conversion processes, Volume II

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Solomon, P.R.; Serio, M.A.; Hamblen, D.G. [and others

    1993-06-01

    A two dimensional, steady-state model for describing a variety of reactive and nonreactive flows, including pulverized coal combustion and gasification, is presented. The model, referred to as 93-PCGC-2 is applicable to cylindrical, axi-symmetric systems. Turbulence is accounted for in both the fluid mechanics equations and the combustion scheme. Radiation from gases, walls, and particles is taken into account using a discrete ordinates method. The particle phase is modeled in a lagrangian framework, such that mean paths of particle groups are followed. A new coal-general devolatilization submodel (FG-DVC) with coal swelling and char reactivity submodels has been added.

  13. AB 2188: Implementation of the California Solar Rights Act at the Local Level

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is intended to provide guidance for implementing the Solar Permitting Efficiency Act (AB 2188), which was enacted in California in 2015, in substantial conformance with the California Solar Permitting Guidebook. This document also includes a stand-alone model ordinance that complies with the requirements of the Solar Rights Act, as amended. The sections of this document are organized to first provide the reader with the statutory requirements of AB 2188 and the existing requirements of the Solar Rights Act, followed by the recommendations from the California Solar Permitting Guidebook for substantial conformance with regard to the permitting requirements for local permitting processes.

  14. Modeling electron transport in the presence of electric and magnetic fields.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fan, Wesley C.; Drumm, Clifton Russell; Pautz, Shawn D.; Turner, C. David

    2013-09-01

    This report describes the theoretical background on modeling electron transport in the presence of electric and magnetic fields by incorporating the effects of the Lorentz force on electron motion into the Boltzmann transport equation. Electromagnetic fields alter the electron energy and trajectory continuously, and these effects can be characterized mathematically by differential operators in terms of electron energy and direction. Numerical solution techniques, based on the discrete-ordinates and finite-element methods, are developed and implemented in an existing radiation transport code, SCEPTRE.

  15. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTherNet MeteringCityDollar andHome EnergyOncorAlabamaSAVESModel Wind Ordinance In

  16. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTherNet MeteringCityDollar andHome EnergyOncorAlabamaSAVESModel Wind Ordinance

  17. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDuke Energy Progress- CommercialEnergy Trust of&USDA-California SolarNVIADGPortfolio(Gas)PayModel Wind Ordinance

  18. Covenant Deferral Request for the Proposed Transfer of Land Parcel ED-8 at the East Tennessee Technology Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee - Final - May 2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SAIC

    2009-05-01

    The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is proposing to transfer a land parcel (hereinafter referred to as 'the Property') designated as Land Parcel ED-8 at the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, by deed, and is submitting this Covenant Deferral Request (CDR) pursuant to Section 120(h)(3)(C) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), as amended, and applicable U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) guidance. The Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR), which includes ETTP, was placed on the National Priorities List (NPL) in November 1989. Environmental investigation and cleanup activities are continuing at ETTP in accordance with CERCLA, the National Contingency Plan (NCP), and the Federal Facility Agreement (FFA). The FFA was entered into by the DOE-Oak Ridge Office (ORO), EPA Region 4, and the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation (TDEC) in 1991. The FFA establishes the schedule and milestones for environmental remediation of the ORR. The proposed property transfer is a key component of the Oak Ridge Performance Management Plan (ORPMP) for accelerated cleanup of the ORR. DOE, using its authority under Section 161(g) of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (AEA), proposes to transfer the Property to Heritage Center, LLC, a subsidiary of the Community Reuse Organization of East Tennessee (CROET), hereafter referred to as 'Heritage Center.' CROET is a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit corporation established to foster the diversification of the regional economy by re-utilizing DOE property for private-sector investment and job creation. The Property is located in the southern portion of ETTP and consists of approximately 84 acres proposed as the potential site for new facilities to be used for office space, industrial activities, or other commercial uses. The parcel contains both grassy fields located outside the ETTP 'main plant' area and infrastructure located inside the 'main plant' area. No buildings are included in the proposed ED-8 transfer. The buildings in ED-8 have already been transferred (Buildings K-1007, K-1580, K-1330, and K-1000). These buildings are not included in the transfer footprint of Land Parcel ED-8. A number of temporary structures, such as trailers and tents (non-real property), are located within the footprint. These temporary structures are not included in the transfer. DOE would continue to be responsible for any contamination resulting from DOE activities that is present on the property at the time of transfer but found after the date of transfer. The deed transferring the Property contains various restrictions and prohibitions on the use of the Property that are subject to enforcement pursuant to State Law Tennessee Code Annotated (T.C.A.) 68-212-225 and state real property law. These restrictions and prohibitions are designed to ensure protection of human health and the environment.

  19. Spatial Variability of Surface Irradiance Measurements at the Manus ARM Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riihimaki, Laura D.; Long, Charles N.

    2014-05-16

    The location of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) site on Manus island in Papua New Guinea was chosen because it is very close the coast, in a geographically at, near-sea level area of the island, minimizing the impact of local island effects on the meteorology of the measurements [Ackerman et al., 1999]. In this study, we confirm that the Manus site is in deed less impacted by the island meteorology than slightly inland by comparing over a year of broadband surface irradiance and ceilometer measurements and derived quantities at the standard Manus site and a second location 7 km away as part of the AMIE-Manus campaign. The two sites show statistically similar distributions of irradiance and other derived quantities for all wind directions except easterly winds, when the inland site is down wind from the standard Manus site. Under easterly wind conditions, which occur 17% of the time, there is a higher occurrence of cloudiness at the down wind site likely do to land heating and orographic effects. This increased cloudiness is caused by shallow, broken clouds often with bases around 700 m in altitude. While the central Manus site consistently measures a frequency of occurrence of low clouds (cloud base height less than 1200 m) about 25+4% regardless of wind direction, the AMIE site has higher frequencies of low clouds (38%) when winds are from the east. This increase in low, locally produced clouds causes an additional -20 W/m2 shortwave surface cloud radiative effect at the AMIE site in easterly conditions than in other meteorological conditions that exhibit better agreement between the two sites.

  20. Ashland oil, Inc. v. Sonford Products Corp., Kelley v. Tiscornia, and United States v. Fleet Factors Corp.: Upholding EPA`s lender liability rule

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, W.D. Jr. [San Francisco`s Graham & James, Washington, DC (United States)

    1993-12-31

    John Grisham`s novel The Firm relates the story of Mitchell McDeere, a young law school graduate who believes that he is joining a {open_quotes}white shoe{close_quotes} Memphis, Tennessee, firm but discovers that the firm is controlled by the Mob. A similar, but different, {open_quotes}surprise{close_quotes} has befallen banks as a result of toxic waste cleanup cost claims. When the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA or Superfund) was passed in 1980, banks had no cause for alarm because the Act provided an exemption from its ownership-based liability for any lender holding {open_quotes}indicia of ownership primarily to protect his security interest{close_quotes} in a hazardous waste facility. Based on the statutory language, it seemed reasonably clear that Congress did not intend to impose liability on secured creditors merely for securing a debt with a deed of trust or mortgage. Unfortunately, lender liability for CERCLA claims arose in the mid-1980s out of two lower federal court decisions and the Eleventh Circuit`s controversial, to say the least, 1990 decision in United States v. Fleet Factors Corp (Fleet Factors II). The major issues currently confronting lenders under CERCLA are (1) the extent to which a secured creditor may involve itself in the debtor`s operations, especially during a loan workout program, without becoming liable for cleanup costs as a CERCLA {open_quotes}owner or operator{close_quotes} and (2) whether a lender who forecloses on collateral and takes title is liable under CERCLA. 94 refs.

  1. Basophile: Accurate Fragment Charge State Prediction Improves Peptide Identification Rates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Dong; Dasari, Surendra; Chambers, Matthew C.; Holman, Jerry D.; Chen, Kan; Liebler, Daniel; Orton, Daniel J.; Purvine, Samuel O.; Monroe, Matthew E.; Chung, Chang Y.; Rose, Kristie L.; Tabb, David L.

    2013-04-08

    In shotgun proteomics, database search algorithms rely on fragmentation models to predict fragment ions that should be observed for a given peptide sequence. The most widely used strategy (Naive model) is oversimplified, cleaving all peptide bonds with equal probability to produce fragments of all charges below that of the precursor ion. More accurate models, based on fragmentation simulation, are too computationally intensive for on-the-fly use in database search algorithms. We have created an ordinal-regression-based model called Basophile that takes fragment size and basic residue distribution into account when determining the charge retention during CID/higher-energy collision induced dissociation (HCD) of charged peptides. This model improves the accuracy of predictions by reducing the number of unnecessary fragments that are routinely predicted for highly-charged precursors. Basophile increased the identification rates by 26% (on average) over the Naive model, when analyzing triply-charged precursors from ion trap data. Basophile achieves simplicity and speed by solving the prediction problem with an ordinal regression equation, which can be incorporated into any database search software for shotgun proteomic identification.

  2. Emergence of spike correlations in periodically forced excitable systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jose A. Reinoso; M. C. Torrent; Cristina Masoller

    2015-10-30

    In sensory neurons the presence of noise can facilitate the detection of weak information-carrying signals, which are encoded and transmitted via correlated sequences of spikes. Here we investigate relative temporal order in spike sequences induced by a subthreshold periodic input, in the presence of white Gaussian noise. To simulate the spikes, we use the FitzHugh-Nagumo model, and to investigate the output sequence of inter-spike intervals (ISIs), we use the symbolic method of ordinal analysis. We find different types of relative temporal order, in the form of preferred ordinal patterns which depend on both, the strength of the noise and the period of the input signal. We also demonstrate a resonance-like behavior, as certain periods and noise levels enhance temporal ordering in the ISI sequence, maximizing the probability of the preferred patterns. Our findings could be relevant for understanding the mechanisms underlying temporal coding, by which single sensory neurons represent in spike sequences the information about weak periodic stimuli.

  3. Halfway Up To the Mathematical Infinity: On the Ontological and Epistemic Sustainability of Georg Cantor's Transfinite Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edward G. Belaga

    2009-02-09

    Georg Cantor was the genuine discoverer of the Mathematical Infinity, and whatever he claimed, suggested, or even surmised should be taken seriously -- albeit not necessary at its face value. Because alongside his exquisite in beauty ordinal construction and his fundamental powerset description of the continuum, Cantor has also left to us his obsessive presumption that the universe of sets should be subjected to laws similar to those governing the set of natural numbers, including the universal principles of cardinal comparability and well-ordering -- and implying an ordinal re-creation of the continuum. During the last hundred years, the mainstream set-theoretical research -- all insights and adjustments due to Kurt G\\"odel's revolutionary insights and discoveries notwithstanding -- has compliantly centered its efforts on \\emph{ad hoc} axiomatizations of Cantor's intuitive transfinite design. We demonstrate here that the ontological and epistemic \\emph{sustainability} of this design has been irremediably compromised by the underlying it peremptory, Reductionist mindset of the XIXth century's ideology of science.

  4. Project Fever - Fostering Electric Vehicle Expansion in the Rockies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swalnick, Natalia

    2013-06-30

    Project FEVER (Fostering Electric Vehicle Expansion in the Rockies) is a part of the Clean Cities Community Readiness and Planning for Plug-in Electric Vehicles and Charging Infrastructure Funding Opportunity funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) for the state of Colorado. Tasks undertaken in this project include: Electric Vehicle Grid Impact Assessment; Assessment of Electrical Permitting and Inspection for EV/EVSE (electric vehicle/electric vehicle supply equipment); Assessment of Local Ordinances Pertaining to Installation of Publicly Available EVSE;Assessment of Building Codes for EVSE; EV Demand and Energy/Air Quality Impacts Assessment; State and Local Policy Assessment; EV Grid Impact Minimization Efforts; Unification and Streamlining of Electrical Permitting and Inspection for EV/EVSE; Development of BMP for Local EVSE Ordinances; Development of BMP for Building Codes Pertaining to EVSE; Development of Colorado-Specific Assessment for EV/EVSE Energy/Air Quality Impacts; Development of State and Local Policy Best Practices; Create Final EV/EVSE Readiness Plan; Develop Project Marketing and Communications Elements; Plan and Schedule In-person Education and Outreach Opportunities.

  5. Can accretion disk properties observationally distinguish black holes from naked singularities?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z. Kovacs; T. Harko

    2010-12-06

    Naked singularities are hypothetical astrophysical objects, characterized by a gravitational singularity without an event horizon. Penrose has proposed a conjecture, according to which there exists a cosmic censor who forbids the occurrence of naked singularities. Distinguishing between astrophysical black holes and naked singularities is a major challenge for present day observational astronomy. A possibility of differentiating naked singularities from black holes is through the comparative study of thin accretion disks properties around rotating naked singularities and Kerr-type black holes, respectively. In the present paper, we consider accretion disks around rotating naked singularities, obtained as solutions of the field equations in the Einstein-massless scalar field theory. A first major difference between rotating naked singularities and Kerr black holes is in the frame dragging effect, the angular velocity of a rotating naked singularity being inversely proportional to its spin parameter. Due to the differences in the exterior geometry, the thermodynamic and electromagnetic properties of the disks are different for these two classes of compact objects, consequently giving clear observational signatures that could discriminate between black holes and naked singularities. For specific values of the spin parameter and of the scalar charge, the energy flux from the disk around a rotating naked singularity can exceed by several orders of magnitude the flux from the disk of a Kerr black hole. The conversion efficiency of the accreting mass into radiation by rotating naked singularities is always higher than the conversion efficiency for black holes. Thus, these observational signatures may provide the necessary tools from clearly distinguishing rotating naked singularities from Kerr-type black holes.

  6. Short-time Evolution of Alkane-in-Water Nanoemulsions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    German Urbina-Villalba; Kareem Rahn-Chique

    2013-03-06

    The stability of alkane-in-water nanoemulsions during the sub-stationary regime is studied by means of Emulsion Stability Simulations (ESS). The effects of Ostwald ripening, flocculation, coalescence, gravity, and hydration forc- es are considered. According to these calculations flocculation and coalescence are predominant during the first few seconds after the preparation of the emulsion. This favors the generation of a right-skewed Drop Size Distribu- tion (DSD). As the system evolves, the drops grow larger and more repulsive causing a slow down of the flocculation process. In the case of dodecane (C12) and hexadecane (C16) the referred phenomena, reinforce the ripening trend to subvert the initial DSD variation, producing a meta-stable distribution which is preserved during several minutes. After this time, Ostwald ripening dominates: the skirt of the distribution changes progressively from right-skewed to left-skewed. Consistent with these changes, the cube average radius of the emulsion increases rapidly at first, but progressively diminishes generating a concave-downward curve that stabilizes asymptotically. In the case of dodecane and hexadecane the complete dissolution of the drops promoted by ripening is prevented at all times due to coalescence. In the case of octane (C8) a substantial amount of drops is lost by dissolution, forbidding the attain- ment of a stable DSD. In all cases the molecular exchange only favors a decrease of the average radius as a function of time. It is the elimination of drops either by dissolution or coalescence which causes an increase of the average radius of the emulsion.

  7. Alternative experimental evidence for chiral restoration in excited baryons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Ya. Glozman

    2007-09-25

    Given existing empirical spectral patterns of excited hadrons it has been suggested that chiral symmetry is approximately restored in excited hadrons at zero temperature/density (effective symmetry restoration). If correct, this implies that mass generation mechanisms and physics in excited hadrons is very different as compared to the lowest states. One needs an alternative and independent experimental information to confirm this conjecture. Using very general chiral symmetry arguments it is shown that strict chiral restoration in a given excited nucleon forbids its decay into the N \\pi channel. Hence those excited nucleons which are assumed from the spectroscopic patterns to be in approximate chiral multiplets must only "weakly" decay into the N \\pi channel, (f_{N^*N\\pi}/f_{NN\\pi})^2 << 1. However, those baryons which have no chiral partner must decay strongly with a decay constant comparable with f_{NN\\pi}. Decay constants can be extracted from the existing decay widths and branching ratios. It turnes out that for all those well established excited nucleons which can be classified into chiral doublets N_+(1440) - N_-(1535), N_+(1710) - N_-(1650), N_+(1720) - N_-(1700), N_+(1680) - N_-(1675), N_+(2220) - N_-(2250), N_+(?) - N_-(2190), N_+(?) - N_-(2600), the ratio is (f_{N^*N\\pi}/f_{NN\\pi})^2 ~ 0.1 or much smaller for the high-spin states. In contrast, the only well established excited nucleon for which the chiral partner cannot be identified from the spectroscopic data, N(1520), has a decay constant into the N\\pi channel that is comparable with f_{NN\\pi}. This gives an independent experimental verification of the chiral symmetry restoration scenario.

  8. Innovative SQA Service Maturity Model using CMMI and ITIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shankar, G

    2012-01-01

    This Journal details a maturity model for SQA services which has been developed during QMS implementation in the IT division of a large multinational organization. The scope of the engagement was to establish a standard set of processes based on CMMI\\textregistered and ITIL\\textregistered Framework across four business verticals scattered in Europe, United States and Asia. The services of Software Quality Analyst (SQA) from different vendors were leveraged to facilitate implementation of processes which was referred to as the Quality Management System (QMS). To co-ordinate and support QMS implementation, a Software Quality Assurance Group (SQAG) was established at the organizational level. Considering the large number of applications, the business verticals proposed that process implementation should be owned and managed by practitioners themselves so that the mass deployment of QMS can be achieved at a faster rate with the same SQA capacity. This called for a need to devise an innovative implementation solut...

  9. Q-branch Raman scattering and modern kinetic thoery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Monchick, L. [The Johns Hopkins Univ., Laurel, MD (United States)

    1993-12-01

    The program is an extension of previous APL work whose general aim was to calculate line shapes of nearly resonant isolated line transitions with solutions of a popular quantum kinetic equation-the Waldmann-Snider equation-using well known advanced solution techniques developed for the classical Boltzmann equation. The advanced techniques explored have been a BGK type approximation, which is termed the Generalized Hess Method (GHM), and conversion of the collision operator to a block diagonal matrix of symmetric collision kernels which then can be approximated by discrete ordinate methods. The latter method, which is termed the Collision Kernel method (CC), is capable of the highest accuracy and has been used quite successfully for Q-branch Raman scattering. The GHM method, not quite as accurate, is applicable over a wider range of pressures and has proven quite useful.

  10. Composition of Management System for Smart Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levin, Mark Sh; Klapproth, Alexander

    2011-01-01

    The paper addresses modular hierarchical design (composition) of a management system for smart homes. The management system consists of security subsystem (access control, alarm control), comfort subsystem (temperature, etc.), intelligence subsystem (multimedia, houseware). The design solving process is based on Hierarchical Morphological Multicriteria Design (HMMD) approach: (1) design of a tree-like system model, (2) generation of design alternatives for leaf nodes of the system model, (3) Bottom-Up process: (i) multicriteria selection of design alternatives for system parts/components and (ii) composing the selected alternatives into a resultant combination (while taking into account ordinal quality of the alternatives above and their compatibility). A realistic numerical example illustrates the design process of a management system for smart homes.

  11. Guidance manual for the identification of hazardous wastes delivered to publicly owned treatment works by truck, rail, or dedicated pipe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-06-01

    The manual is directed towards two types of facilities: First, guidance is to POTWs that wish to preclude the entry of hazardous wastes into their facilities and avoid regulation and liability under RCRA. Administrative/technical recommendations for control of such wastes is provided, many of which are already in use by POTWs. Second, the responsibilities of POTWs that choose to accept hazardous wastes from truck, rail, or dedicated pipeline are discussed, including relevant regulatory provisions, strict liability and corrective action requirements for releases, and recommended procedures for waste acceptance/management. The manual describes the RCRA regulatory status of wastes that POTW operators typically may encounter. The manual includes a Waste Monitoring Plan. Appendices give the following: RCRA lists; RCRA listed hazardous wastes; examples of POTW sewer use ordinance language, waste hauler permit; waste tracking form, notification of hazardous waste activity; uniform hazardous waste manifest; biennial hazardous waste report; and state hazardous waste contacts.

  12. Printable sensors for explosive detonation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griffith, Matthew J. Cooling, Nathan A.; Elkington, Daniel C.; Belcher, Warwick J.; Dastoor, Paul C.; Muller, Elmar

    2014-10-06

    Here, we report the development of an organic thin film transistor (OTFT) based on printable solution processed polymers and employing a quantum tunnelling composite material as a sensor to convert the pressure wave output from detonation transmission tubing (shock tube) into an inherently amplified electronic signal for explosives initiation. The organic electronic detector allows detection of the signal in a low voltage operating range, an essential feature for sites employing live ordinances that is not provided by conventional electronic devices. We show that a 30-fold change in detector response is possible using the presented detector assembly. Degradation of the OTFT response with both time and repeated voltage scans was characterised, and device lifetime is shown to be consistent with the requirements for on-site printing and usage. The integration of a low cost organic electronic detector with inexpensive shock tube transmission fuse presents attractive avenues for the development of cheap and simple assemblies for precisely timed initiation of explosive chains.

  13. Future global environmental changes: Comparison with past and present rates of change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, K.L. (Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul (United States))

    1993-06-01

    Quantification of past and present rates of vegetation change provides a yardstick for the evaluation of future rates of change. Holocene and post-settlement rates of vegetation change were measured at Channel Islands and Capitol Reef National Parks, and at Indiana Dunes and Pictured Rocks National Lakeshores, using various paleoecological proxy data. Vegetation changes were quantified using several multivariate ordination techniques. Comparison of past vegetation changes due to climatic shifts, plant succession, and plant migration, with ongoing changes due to grazing, logging, exotic species invasions, and modified fire regimes, demonstrates that plant communities are presently suffering rates of change which are unprecedented in their severity for the Last 5000 years. The climatic warming projected for the next 50 years will exacerbate these ongoing changes, but win only be one of many variables operating in the unplanned experimental redesign our natural ecosystems.

  14. Deterministic proton transport solving a one dimensional Fokker-Planck equation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marr, D.; Prael, R.; Adams, K.; Alcouffe, R.

    1997-10-01

    The transport of protons through matter is characterized by many interactions which cause small deflections and slight energy losses. The few which are catastrophic or cause large angle scattering can be viewed as extinction for many applications. The transport of protons at this level of approximation can be described by a Fokker Planck Equation. This equation is solved using a deterministic multigroup differencing scheme with a highly resolved set of discrete ordinates centered around the beam direction which is adequate to properly account for deflections and energy losses due to multiple Coulomb scattering. Comparisons with LAHET for a large variety of problems ranging from 800 MeV protons on a copper step wedge to 10 GeV protons on a sandwich of material are presented. The good agreement with the Monte Carlo code shows that the solution method is robust and useful for approximate solutions of selected proton transport problems.

  15. Order Reduction of the Radiative Heat Transfer Model for the Simulation of Plasma Arcs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fagiano, Lorenzo

    2015-01-01

    An approach to derive low-complexity models describing thermal radiation for the sake of simulating the behavior of electric arcs in switchgear systems is presented. The idea is to approximate the (high dimensional) full-order equations, modeling the propagation of the radiated intensity in space, with a model of much lower dimension, whose parameters are identified by means of nonlinear system identification techniques. The low-order model preserves the main structural aspects of the full-order one, and its parameters can be straightforwardly used in arc simulation tools based on computational fluid dynamics. In particular, the model parameters can be used together with the common approaches to resolve radiation in magnetohydrodynamic simulations, including the discrete-ordinate method, the P-N methods and photohydrodynamics. The proposed order reduction approach is able to systematically compute the partitioning of the electromagnetic spectrum in frequency bands, and the related absorption coefficients, tha...

  16. Analysis of SP-100 critical experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sapir, J.L.; Brandon, D.I.; Collins, P.J.; Cowan, C.L.; Porter, C.A.; Andre, S.V.

    1988-01-01

    In support of the SP-100 space nuclear power source program, preliminary critical benchmark experiments were performed at the ZPPR facility at ANL-W. These configurations are representative of small, fast-spectrum, BeO-reflected, liquid metal-cooled space reactor designs at a 300-kWe power level. Analyses were performed using MCNP (Monte Carlo) and TWODANT (discrete ordinates) transport codes to calculate system criticality, control worth, and power distribution. Both methods calculated eigenvalues within 0.5% of the experimental results. Internal-poison-rod worth was underpredicted and radial reflector worth was overpredicted by both codes by up to 20%. MCNP-calculated control drum worths were underestimated by approximately 8%. Good agreement with experimental values was observed for /sup 235/U fission and for /sup 238/U fission and capture rates with the best agreement occurring in the fuel region and slightly poorer predictions apparent near BeO moderator. 7 refs., 12 figs.

  17. Beyond Ellipse(s): Accurately Modelling the Isophotal Structure of Galaxies with $Isofit$ and $Cmodel$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciambur, Bogdan C

    2015-01-01

    This work introduces a new fitting formalism for isophotes which enables more accurate modelling of galaxies with non-elliptical shapes, such as disk galaxies viewed edge-on or galaxies with X-shaped/peanut bulges. Within this scheme, the angular parameter which defines quasi-elliptical isophotes is transformed from the commonly used, but inappropriate, polar co-ordinate to the `eccentric anomaly'. This provides a superior description of deviations from ellipticity, better capturing the true isophotal shape. Furthermore, this makes it possible to accurately recover both the surface brightness profile, using the correct azimuthally-averaged isophote, and the two-dimensional model of any galaxy: the hitherto ubiquitous, but artificial, cross-like features in residual images are completely removed. The formalism has been implemented into the IRAF tasks $Ellipse$ and $Bmodel$ to create the new tasks `$Isofit$', and `$Cmodel$'. The new tools are demonstrated here with application to five galaxies, chosen to be rep...

  18. Followup calculations for the UVAR LEU conversion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rydin, R.A.; Hosticka, B.; Burns, T. [Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical, Aerospace and Nuclear Engineering] [and others

    1995-12-31

    The UVAR reactor was successfully converted to LEU fuel in April 1994. Void coefficient measurements were made on the 4-by-4 fully-graphite-reflected LEU-1 core configuration, and an isothermal temperature coefficient measurement was made on the operational 4-by-5 partially-graphite-reflected LEU-2 core configuration. Both of these experiments have now been modeled in their critical configurations using the 3DBUM code. The LEU cores were also modeled using the Monte Carlo code MCNP in order to obtain a neutron/gamma source for BNCT filter design calculations. Advanced BNCT filters have been evaluated using both MCNP and the discrete ordinates code DORT. The results indicate that the UVAR would be an ideal source for the BNCT treatment of brain tumors.

  19. Wind Powering America State Outreach. Final Technical Report: Washington State

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stearns, Tim

    2013-09-30

    The Washington Department of Commerce, via a U.S. Department of Energy grant, supported research into siting and permitting processes for wind projects by Skagit County, Washington. The goal was to help a local government understand key issues, consider how other areas have addressed wind siting, and establish a basis for enacting permitting and zoning ordinances that provided a more predictable permitting path and process for landowners, citizens, government and developers of small and community wind projects. The County?s contractor developed a report that looked at various approaches to wind siting, interviewed stakeholders, and examined technology options. The contractor outlined key issues and recommended the adoption of a siting process. The Skagit County Commission considered the report and directed the Skagit County Planning & Development Services Department to add development of wind guidelines to its work plan for potential changes to development codes.

  20. Multi-sensor system for the detection and characterization of unexploded ordnance

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Morrison, Frank H. (Berkeley, CA); Gasperikova, Erika (Berkeley, CA)

    2011-08-16

    To fully characterize the inductive response of an isolated conductive object, such as buried unexploded ordinance, one needs to measure its response to stimulation by primary magnetic fields in three linearly independent (e.g., approximately orthogonal) directions. In one embodiment this is achieved by measuring the response to magnetic fields of three independent transmitters arranged to have magnetic fields that are linearly independent. According to the apparatus and methods employing the system of this invention, multiple transmitters and receivers of known relative position and orientation on a single platform are used. In a preferred embodiment, matched sets of receiver pairs connected in gradient mode are positioned adjacent to closely spaced pairs of transmitting coils, such that a minor displacement of one or both of the receiver coil pairs relative to the paired transmitting coils will not affect the detected secondary signals emitted by a buried metallic object.

  1. verification & Validation of High-Order Short-Characteristics-Based Deterministic Transport Methodology on Unstructured Grids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Azmy, Yousry; Wang, Yaqi

    2013-12-20

    The research team has developed a practical, high-order, discrete-ordinates, short characteristics neutron transport code for three-dimensional configurations represented on unstructured tetrahedral grids that can be used for realistic reactor physics applications at both the assembly and core levels. This project will perform a comprehensive verification and validation of this new computational tool against both a continuous-energy Monte Carlo simulation (e.g. MCNP) and experimentally measured data, an essential prerequisite for its deployment in reactor core modeling. Verification is divided into three phases. The team will first conduct spatial mesh and expansion order refinement studies to monitor convergence of the numerical solution to reference solutions. This is quantified by convergence rates that are based on integral error norms computed from the cell-by-cell difference between the codes numerical solution and its reference counterpart. The latter is either analytic or very fine- mesh numerical solutions from independent computational tools. For the second phase, the team will create a suite of code-independent benchmark configurations to enable testing the theoretical order of accuracy of any particular discretization of the discrete ordinates approximation of the transport equation. For each tested case (i.e. mesh and spatial approximation order), researchers will execute the code and compare the resulting numerical solution to the exact solution on a per cell basis to determine the distribution of the numerical error. The final activity comprises a comparison to continuous-energy Monte Carlo solutions for zero-power critical configuration measurements at Idaho National Laboratorys Advanced Test Reactor (ATR). Results of this comparison will allow the investigators to distinguish between modeling errors and the above- listed discretization errors introduced by the deterministic method, and to separate the sources of uncertainty.

  2. Gradient Analysis and Classification of Carolina Bay Vegetation: A Framework for Bay Wetlands Conservation and Restoration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diane De Steven,Ph.D.; Maureen Tone,PhD.

    1997-10-01

    This report address four project objectives: (1) Gradient model of Carolina bay vegetation on the SRS--The authors use ordination analyses to identify environmental and landscape factors that are correlated with vegetation composition. Significant factors can provide a framework for site-based conservation of existing diversity, and they may also be useful site predictors for potential vegetation in bay restorations. (2) Regional analysis of Carolina bay vegetation diversity--They expand the ordination analyses to assess the degree to which SRS bays encompass the range of vegetation diversity found in the regional landscape of South Carolina's western Upper Coastal Plain. Such comparisons can indicate floristic status relative to regional potentials and identify missing species or community elements that might be re-introduced or restored. (3) Classification of vegetation communities in Upper Coastal Plain bays--They use cluster analysis to identify plant community-types at the regional scale, and explore how this classification may be functional with respect to significant environmental and landscape factors. An environmentally-based classification at the whole-bay level can provide a system of templates for managing bays as individual units and for restoring bays to desired plant communities. (4) Qualitative model for bay vegetation dynamics--They analyze present-day vegetation in relation to historic land uses and disturbances. The distinctive history of SRS bays provides the possibility of assessing pathways of post-disturbance succession. They attempt to develop a coarse-scale model of vegetation shifts in response to changing site factors; such qualitative models can provide a basis for suggesting management interventions that may be needed to maintain desired vegetation in protected or restored bays.

  3. Gas Generation Rates as an Indicator for the Long Term Stability of Radioactive Waste Products

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steyer, S.; Brennecke, P.; Bandt, G.; Kroger, H.

    2007-07-01

    Pursuant to the 'Act on the Peaceful Utilization of Atomic Energy and the Protection against its Hazards' (Atomic Energy Act) the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (Bundesamt fuer Strahlenschutz, BfS) is legally responsible for the construction and operation of federal facilities for the disposal of radioactive waste. Within the scope of this responsibility, particular due to par. 74(1) Ordinance on Radiation Protection, BfS defines all safety-related requirements on waste packages envisaged for disposal, establishes guidelines for the conditioning of radioactive waste and approves the fulfillment of the waste acceptance requirements within the radioactive waste quality control system. BfS also provides criteria to enable the assessment of methods for the treatment and packaging of radioactive waste to produce waste packages suitable for disposal according to par. 74(2) Ordinance on Radiation Protection. Due to the present non-availability of a repository in Germany, quality control measures for all types of radioactive waste products are carried out prior to interim storage with respect to the future disposal. As a result BfS approves the demonstrated properties of the radioactive waste packages and confirms the fulfillment of the respective requirements. After several years of storage the properties of waste packages might have changed. By proving, that such changes have no significant impact on the quality of the waste product, the effort of requalification could be minimized. Therefore, data on the long-term behavior of radioactive waste products need to be acquired and indicators to prove the long-term stability have to be quantified. Preferably, such indicators can be determined easily with non-destructive methods, even for legacy waste packages. A promising parameter is the gas generation rate. The relationship between gas generation rate and long term stability is presented as first result of an ongoing study on behalf of BfS. Permissible gas generation rates that ensure adequate product stability with respect to future disposal are to be identified. (authors)

  4. 2010 Remediation Effectiveness Report for the U.S. Department of Energy Oak Ridge Reservation, Oak Ridge, Tennessee - Data and Evaluations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bechtel Jacobs

    2010-09-01

    Under the requirements of the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) Federal Facility Agreement (FFA) established between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, (EPA) and the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation (TDEC) in 1992, all environmental restoration activities on the ORR are performed in accordance with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA). Since the 1990s, the environmental restoration activities have experienced a gradual shift from characterization to remediation. As this has occurred, it has been determined that the assessment of the individual and cumulative performance of all ORR CERCLA remedial actions (RAs) is most effectively tracked in a single document. The Remediation Effectiveness Report (RER) is an FFA document intended to collate all ORR CERCLA decision requirements, compare pre- and post-remediation conditions at CERCLA sites, and present the results of any required post-decision remediation effectiveness monitoring. First issued in 1997, the RER has been reissued annually to update the performance histories of completed actions and to add descriptions of new CERCLA actions. Monitoring information used in the 2010 RER to assess remedy performance was collected and/or compiled by DOE's Water Resources Restoration Program (WRRP). Only data used to assess performance of completed actions are provided. In addition to collecting CERCLA performance assessment data, the WRRP also collects baseline data to be used to gauge the effectiveness of future actions once implemented. These baseline data are maintained in the Oak Ridge Environmental Information System and will be reported in future RERs, as necessary, once the respective actions are completed. However, when insufficient data exist to assess the impact of the RAs, e.g., when the RA was only recently completed, a preliminary evaluation is made of early indicators of effectiveness at the watershed scale, such as contaminant trends at surface water integration points (IPs). Long-term stewardship (LTS) information used in this report is collected, compiled, and tracked by the WRRP in conjunction with the Bechtel Jacobs Company LLC (BJC) Surveillance and Maintenance (S&M) program, the BJC Radiation Protection Organization at East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP), and the ETTP Environmental Compliance Program. Additionally, documentation verifying the implementation of administrative land use controls (LUCs) [i.e., property record restrictions, property record notices, zoning notices, and excavation/penetration permit (EPP) program] is also obtained from many sources throughout the fiscal year (FY), including County Register of Deeds offices for property record restrictions and property record notices, City Planning Commission for zoning notices, and BJC project engineers for EPP program verification. Copies of this documentation are obtained by the WRRP and maintained with the project RER files.

  5. Objectives, Strategies, and Challenges for the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steven Piet; Brent Dixon; David Shropshire; Robert Hill; Roald Wigeland; Erich Schneider; J. D. Smith

    2005-04-01

    This paper will summarize the objectives, strategies, and key chemical separation challenges for the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI). The major objectives are as follows: Waste management - defer the need for a second geologic repository for a century or more, Proliferation resistance - be more resistant than the existing PUREX separation technology or uranium enrichment, Energy sustainability - turn waste management liabilities into energy source assets to ensure that uranium ore resources do not become a constraint on nuclear power, and Systematic, safe, and economic management of the entire fuel cycle. There are four major strategies for the disposal of civilian spent fuel: Once-through - direct disposal of all discharged nuclear fuel, Limited recycle - recycle transuranic elements once and then direct disposal, Continuous recycle - recycle transuranic elements repeatedly, and Sustained recycle - same as continuous except previously discarded depleted uranium is also recycled. The key chemical separation challenges stem from the fact that the components of spent nuclear fuel vary greatly in their influence on achieving program objectives. Most options separate uranium to reduce the weight and volume of waste and the number and cost of waste packages that require geologic disposal. Separated uranium can also be used as reactor fuel. Most options provide means to recycle transuranic (TRU) elements - plutonium (Pu), neptunium (Np), americium (Am), curium (Cm). Plutonium must be recycled to obtain repository, proliferation, and energy recovery benefits. U.S. non-proliferation policy forbids separation of plutonium by itself; therefore, one or more of the other transuranic elements must be kept with the plutonium; neptunium is considered the easiest option. Recycling neptunium also provides repository benefits. Americium recycling is also required to obtain repository benefits. At the present time, curium recycle provides relatively little benefit; indeed, recycling curium in thermal reactors would significantly increase the hazard (hence cost) of the resulting fuel. Most options separate short-lived fission products cesium and strontium to allow them to decay in separate storage facilities tailored to that need, rather than complicate long-term geologic disposal. This can also reduce the number and cost of waste packages requiring geologic disposal. These savings are balanced by costs for separation and recycle systems. Several long-lived fission products, such as technetium-99 and iodine-129 go to geologic disposal in improved waste forms, recognizing that transmutation of these isotopes would be a slow process; however, the program has not precluded their transmutation as a future alternative.

  6. Life Cost Based FMEA Manual: A Step by Step Guide to Carrying Out a Cost-based Failure Modes and Effects Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rhee, Seung; Spencer, Cherrill; /Stanford U. /SLAC

    2009-01-23

    Failure occurs when one or more of the intended functions of a product are no longer fulfilled to the customer's satisfaction. The most critical product failures are those that escape design reviews and in-house quality inspection and are found by the customer. The product may work for a while until its performance degrades to an unacceptable level or it may have not worked even before customer took possession of the product. The end results of failures which may lead to unsafe conditions or major losses of the main function are rated high in severity. Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) is a tool widely used in the automotive, aerospace, and electronics industries to identify, prioritize, and eliminate known potential failures, problems, and errors from systems under design, before the product is released (Stamatis, 1997). Several industrial FMEA standards such as those published by the Society of Automotive Engineers, US Department of Defense, and the Automotive Industry Action Group employ the Risk Priority Number (RPN) to measure risk and severity of failures. The Risk Priority Number (RPN) is a product of 3 indices: Occurrence (O), Severity (S), and Detection (D). In a traditional FMEA process design engineers typically analyze the 'root cause' and 'end-effects' of potential failures in a sub-system or component and assign penalty points through the O, S, D values to each failure. The analysis is organized around categories called failure modes, which link the causes and effects of failures. A few actions are taken upon completing the FMEA worksheet. The RPN column generally will identify the high-risk areas. The idea of performing FMEA is to eliminate or reduce known and potential failures before they reach the customers. Thus, a plan of action must be in place for the next task. Not all failures can be resolved during the product development cycle, thus prioritization of actions must be made within the design group. One definition of detection difficulty (D) is how well the organization controls the development process. Another definition relates to the detectability of a particular failure in the product when it is in the hands of the customer. The former asks 'What is the chance of catching the problem before we give it to the customer'? The latter asks 'What is the chance of the customer catching the problem before the problem results in a catastrophic failure?' (Palady, 1995) These differing definitions confuse the FMEA users when one tries to determine detection difficulty. Are we trying to measure how easy it is to detect where a failure has occurred or when it has occurred? Or are we trying to measure how easy or difficult it is to prevent failures? Ordinal scale variables are used to rank-order industries such as, hotels, restaurants, and movies (Note that a 4 star hotel is not necessarily twice as good as a 2 star hotel). Ordinal values preserve rank in a group of items, but the distance between the values cannot be measured since a distance function does not exist. Thus, the product or sum of ordinal variables loses its rank since each parameter has different scales. The RPN is a product of 3 independent ordinal variables, it can indicate that some failure types are 'worse' than others, but give no quantitative indication of their relative effects. To resolve the ambiguity of measuring detection difficulty and the irrational logic of multiplying 3 ordinal indices, a new methodology was created to overcome these shortcomings, Life Cost-Based FMEA. Life Cost-Based FMEA measures failure/risk in terms of monetary cost. Cost is a universal parameter that can be easily related to severity by engineers and others. Thus, failure cost can be estimated using the following simplest form: Expected Failure Cost = {sup n}{Sigma}{sub i=1}p{sub i}c{sub i}, p: Probability of a particular failure occurring; c: Monetary cost associated with that particular failure; and n: Total number of failure scenarios. FMEA is most effective when there are inputs into it from all concerned disciplines of the product development t

  7. Mid-Atlantic Regional Wind Energy Institute

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Courtney Lane

    2011-12-20

    As the Department of Energy stated in its 20% Wind Energy by 2030 report, there will need to be enhanced outreach efforts on a national, state, regional, and local level to communicate wind development opportunities, benefits and challenges to a diverse set of stakeholders. To help address this need, PennFuture was awarded funding to create the Mid-Atlantic Regional Wind Energy Institute to provide general education and outreach on wind energy development across Maryland, Virginia, Delaware, Pennsylvania and West Virginia. Over the course of the two-year grant period, PennFuture used its expertise on wind energy policy and development in Pennsylvania and expanded it to other states in the Mid-Atlantic region. PennFuture accomplished this through reaching out and establishing connections with policy makers, local environmental groups, health and economic development organizations, and educational institutions and wind energy developers throughout the Mid-Atlantic region. PennFuture conducted two regional wind educational forums that brought together wind industry representatives and public interest organizations from across the region to discuss and address wind development in the Mid-Atlantic region. PennFuture developed the agenda and speakers in collaboration with experts on the ground in each state to help determine the critical issue to wind energy in each location. The sessions focused on topics ranging from the basics of wind development; model ordinance and tax issues; anti-wind arguments and counter points; wildlife issues and coalition building. In addition to in-person events, PennFuture held three webinars on (1) Generating Jobs with Wind Energy; (2) Reviving American Manufacturing with Wind Power; and (3) Wind and Transmission. PennFuture also created a web page for the institute (http://www.midatlanticwind.org) that contains an online database of fact sheets, research reports, sample advocacy letters, top anti-wind claims and information on how to address them, wind and wildlife materials and sample model ordinances. Video and presentations from each in-person meeting and webinar recordings are also available on the site. At the end of the two-year period, PennFuture has accomplished its goal of giving a unified voice and presence to wind energy advocates in the Mid-Atlantic region. We educated a broad range of stakeholders on the benefits of wind energy and gave them the tools to help make a difference in their states. We grew a database of over 500 contacts and hope to continue the discussion and work around the importance of wind energy in the region.

  8. The CNOC2 Field Galaxy Redshift Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. G. Carlberg; H. K. C. Yee; S. L Morris; H. Lin; M. Sawicki; G. Wirth; D. Patton; C. W. Shepherd; E. Ellingson; D. Schade; C. J. Pritchet; F. D. A. Hartwick

    1998-05-11

    The CNOC2 field galaxy redshift survey is designed to provide measurements of the evolution of galaxies and their clustering over the redshift range 0 to 0.7. The sample is spread over four sky patches with a total area of about 1.5 square degrees. Here we report preliminary results based on two of the sky patches, and the redshift range of 0.15 to 0.55. We find that galaxy evolution can be statistically described as nearly pure luminosity evolution of early and intermediate SED types, and nearly pure density evolution of the late SED types. The correlation of blue galaxies relative to red galaxies is similar on large scales but drops by a factor of three on scales less than about 0.3/h mpc, approximately the mean scale of virialization. There is a clear, but small, 60%, change in clustering with 1.4 mag of luminosity. To minimize these population effects in our measurement of clustering evolution, we choose galaxies with M_r^{k,e}<= -20 mag as a population whose members are most likely to be conserved with redshift. Remarkably, the evolution of the clustered density in proper co-ordinates at r < 10/h Mpc, proportional to r_0^gamma (1+z)^3, is best described as a ``de-clustering'', (1+z)^{0.6+/-0.4}. Or equivalently, there is a weak growth of clustering in co-moving co-ordinates, x_0~ (1+z)^{-0.3 +/- 0.2}. This conclusion is supported by the pairwise peculiar velocities which rise slightly, but not significantly, into the past. The Cosmic Virial Theorem applied to the CNOC2 data gives Q Omega_M/b=0.11 +/- 0.04$, where Q is the three point correlation parameter and b the bias. Similarly, galaxy groups have a virial mass-to-light ratio (evolution corrected) of M_{virial}/L_R^{k,e} = 215h Lsun/Msun, or Omega_M=0.15 +/- 0.05.

  9. Estimation of total cloud cover from solar radiation observations at Lake Rotorua, New Zealand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luo, Liancong; Hamilton, David; Han, Boping

    2010-03-15

    The DYRESM-CAEDYM model is a valuable tool for simulating water temperature for biochemical studies in aquatic ecosystem. The model requires inputs of surface short-wave radiation and long-wave radiation or total cloud cover fraction (TC). Long-wave radiation is often not measured directly so a method to determine TC from commonly measured short-wave solar irradiance (E{sub 0}) and theoretical short-wave solar irradiance under a clear sky (E{sub c}) has broad application. A more than 17-year (15 November 1991 to 20 February 2009) hourly solar irradiance data set was used to estimate the peak solar irradiance for each ordinal date over one year, which was assumed to be representative of solar irradiance in the absence of cloud. Comparison between these daily observed values and the modelled clear-sky solar radiation over one year was in close agreement (Pearson correlation coefficient, r = 0.995 and root mean squared error, RMSE = 12.54 W m{sup -2}). The downloaded hourly cloudiness measurements from 15 November 1991 to 20 February 2009 was used to calculate the daily values for this period and then the calculated daily values over the 17 years were used to calculate the average values for each ordinal date over one year. A regression equation between (1 - E{sub 0}/E{sub c}) and TC produced a correlation coefficient value of 0.99 (p > 0.01, n = 71). The validation of this cloud cover estimation model was conducted with observed short-wave solar radiation and TC at two sites. Values of TC derived from the model at the Lake Rotorua site gave a reasonable prediction of the observed values (RMSE = 0.10, r = 0.86, p > 0.01, n = 61). The model was also tested at Queenstown (South Island of New Zealand) and it provided satisfactory results compared to the measurements (RMSE = 0.16, r = 0.67, p > 0.01, n = 61). Therefore the model's good performance and broad applicability will contribute to the DYRESM-CAEDYM accuracy of water temperature simulation when long-wave radiation is not available. (author)

  10. Argonne National Laboratory summary site environmental report for calendar year 2007.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Golchert, N. W.

    2009-05-22

    This summary of Argonne National Laboratory's Site Environmental Report for calendar year 2007 was written by 20 students at Downers Grove South High School in Downers Grove, Ill. The student authors are classmates in Mr. Howard's Bio II course. Biology II is a research-based class that teaches students the process of research by showing them how the sciences apply to daily life. For the past seven years, Argonne has worked with Biology II students to create a short document summarizing the Site Environmental Report to provide the public with an easy-to-read summary of the annual 300-page technical report on the results of Argonne's on-site environmental monitoring program. The summary is made available online and given to visitors to Argonne, researchers interested in collaborating with Argonne, future employees, and many others. In addition to providing Argonne and the public with an easily understandable short summary of a large technical document, the participating students learn about professional environmental monitoring procedures, achieve a better understanding of the time and effort put forth into summarizing and publishing research, and gain confidence in their own abilities to express themselves in writing. The Argonne Summary Site Environmental Report fits into the educational needs for 12th grade students. Illinois State Educational Goal 12 states that a student should understand the fundamental concepts, principles, and interconnections of the life, physical, and earth/space sciences. To create this summary booklet, the students had to read and understand the larger technical report, which discusses in-depth many activities and programs that have been established by Argonne to maintain a safe local environment. Creating this Summary Site Environmental Report also helps students fulfill Illinois State Learning Standard 12B5a, which requires that students be able to analyze and explain biodiversity issues, and the causes and effects of extinction. The same standard requires that Illinois students examine the impact of diminishing biodiversity due to human activity. An example of this would be the Argonne Restoration Prairie, which is discussed within the report. Because humans had to destroy part of a natural prairie in order to build, they must also plant an equivalent amount of prairie to make up for what was destroyed. The summary project perfectly meets Illinois State Learning Standard 13B section 5b, which requires students to be able to design and conduct an environmental impact study, analyze findings, and justify recommendations. Students volunteered for the project for two main reasons: We would become published authors, and could include that fact on important documents, like college applications, and we felt we were doing a good deed for the public, considering that without our summary the public may have no real idea how Argonne complies with various environmental protection acts and programs within the state. The summarization process was not easy, considering that we had never seen much of this kind of information before, especially in such detail. The project required a high level of commitment from all involved. This commitment ensured that the summary would be done on time and would be available to the public in the shortest time possible. Argonne representatives Norbert Golchert and Dave Baurac met with students and gave background information on Argonne and explained the importance of the research being done. In addition, they explained in-depth how the public benefits from the summarization. At the end of the presentation, students asked some questions, which were answered in specifics. The Report was divided into 10 sections, with groups of two students covering each section. The groups were eager to begin work on their assigned sections. After reading the complete report each group focused on a particular section. After much careful reading and analysis, we produced an outline. From the outline, partners divided work equally and began to carefully summarize. Groups summaries were edited,

  11. Final Project Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carrick M. Eggleston

    2003-12-12

    This report provides a description of the main accomplishments of the EMSP funded research, including products such as conference presentations and publications (including those still in preparation). The purpose of this study was to better understand the chemical interactions between dissolved aqueous contaminants and carbonate minerals occurring as coatings on mineral grains in the vadose zone beneath the Hanford reserve. This information is important for construction of improved reactive transport models intended to predict the subsurface migration of contaminants. We made improvements to the hydrothermal atomic force microscope (HAFM) design to be used in this project. The original HAFM was built with funding from the U.S. DOE, Office of Basic Energy Sciences. Improvements include operating limits of 70 bars and 170 C, from an original limit of 12 bars and 150 C. This product is patented. We completed a series of studies of magnesite, MgCO3, because this mineral is structurally equivalent to calcite but reacts much more slowly, allowing us to study carbonate reactivity under pH conditions (i.e., low pH) that are much more problematic for studies of calcite but which are nevertheless relevant to in-situ conditions. We found that dissolving magnesite exhibits a dramatic change in step orientation, and therefore etch pit shape, as pH is lowered through 4.2 to 3 and 2. This change in step orientation is NOT accompanied by an increase in step velocity with decreasing pH. We also found that, after growing magnesite on a magnesite substrate, the newly grown magnesite dissolved much more readily than the underlying substrate magnesite, and exhibited far larger etch pit densities. This effect may have been related to the rate of growth or to the presence of an Fe impurity in the growth solutions. We studied the dissolution of magnesite and calcite (104) surfaces under a wider variety of conditions with a new hydrodynamically defined hydro thermal AFM fluid cell, and we have observed the precipitation of a strontium-containing carbonate phase on dissolving calcite. We have applied the advection-diffusion equation coupled to proposed homogeneous and heterogeneous kinetic models to test rate laws for dissolution observed by HAFM. Our main conclusions in the magnesite studies are that step density, rather than step velocity, is a strong function of pH near the surface and that the step orientation is sensitive to pH. In these studies, we definitively demonstrate that diffusive mass transport is only important at very low fluid velocities for magnesite, but that studies of calcite dissolution are generally in the mixed transport-kinetics controlled regime (even at high fluid velocities) where quantitative information can only be obtained by accounting for the transport components. We also have found that alkaline earth carbonate secondary precipitate formation on calcite surfaces significantly alters the net flux o f Ca2+ and may passivate the CaCO3 surface from further reaction. The research has so far resulted in 5 conference presentations and 3 published journal articles, with several manuscripts still in preparation. The project supported graduate student Briana Deeds and postdoctoral researcher Steven R. Higgins.

  12. 2011 Remediation Effectiveness Report for the U.S. Department of Energy Oak Ridge Reservation, Oak Ridge, Tennessee - Data and Evaluations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bechtel Jacobs

    2011-03-01

    Under the requirements of the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) Federal Facility Agreement (FFA) established between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, (EPA) and the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation (TDEC) in 1992, all environmental restoration activities on the ORR are performed in accordance with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA). Since the 1990s, the environmental restoration activities have experienced a gradual shift from characterization to remediation. As this has occurred, it has been determined that the assessment of the individual and cumulative performance of all ORR CERCLA remedial actions (RAs) is most effectively tracked in a single document. The Remediation Effectiveness Report (RER) is an FFA document intended to collate all ORR CERCLA decision requirements, compare pre- and post-remediation conditions at CERCLA sites, and present the results of any required post-decision remediation effectiveness monitoring. First issued in 1997, the RER has been reissued annually to update the performance histories of completed actions and to add descriptions of new CERCLA actions. Monitoring information used in the 2011 RER to assess remedy performance was collected and/or compiled by DOE's Water Resources Restoration Program (WRRP). Only data used to assess performance of completed actions are provided. In addition to collecting CERCLA performance assessment data, the WRRP also collects baseline data to be used to gauge the effectiveness of future actions once implemented. These baseline data are maintained in the Oak Ridge Environmental Information System and will be reported in future RERs, as necessary, once the respective actions are completed. However, when insufficient data exist to assess the impact of the RAs, e.g., when the RA was only recently completed, a preliminary evaluation is made of early indicators of effectiveness at the watershed scale, such as contaminant trends at surface water integration points (IFs). Long-term stewardship (LTS) information used in this report is collected, compiled, and tracked by the WRRP in conjunction with the Bechtel Jacobs Company LLC (BJC) Surveillance and Maintenance (S&M) program, the BJC Radiation Protection Organization at East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP), ETTP Environmental Compliance Program, B&W Y-12 Liquid Waste Treatment Operations, and UT Battelle Facilities Management Division. Additionally, documentation verifying the implementation of administrative land use controls (LUCs) [i.e., property record restrictions, property record notices, zoning notices, and excavation/penetration permit (EPP) program] is also obtained from many sources throughout the fiscal year (FY), including County Register of Deeds offices for property record restrictions and property record notices, City Planning Commission for zoning notices, and BJC project engineers for EPP program verification. Copies of this documentation are obtained by the WRRP and maintained with the project RER files.

  13. Streamline, Organizational, Legislative and Administrative Response to Permitting, PV Market Share, and Solar Energy Costs (Broward Go SOLAR)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Halsey, Jeffery D.

    2013-08-28

    Broward County and its partners (the Go SOLAR Team), operating under a Department of Energy Rooftop Solar Challenge Agreement, designed, developed and implemented an online permitting system for rooftop solar PV systems. This is a single web based system with a single permit fee that will issue a permit, with a set of design plans preapproved by partner building officials, within one hour. The system is currently available at gosolar.broward.org for use within any of the partner Authorities Having [permitting] Jurisdiction (AHJ). Additionally, the Go SOLAR Team researched, developed and to the extent feasible, implemented three best management practices to make a fertile environment for the new online permit system. These included Net Metering and Interconnection Standards, Solar-Friendly Financing, and Planning and Zoning Ordinances. Finally, the team implemented a substantial outreach effort to advocate for the development of solar in Broward County, with an emphasis on Solar Rights, concluding with a Go SOLAR Fest day and a half conference with over 1,200 attendees and 50 exhibitors. The Go SOLAR project was completed on time, under DOEs budgeted amount, and all project objectives were met or exceeded.

  14. Basic Concepts for a Fundamental Aether Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph Levy

    2008-03-27

    In the light of recent experimental and theoretical data, we go back to the studies tackled in previous publications [1] and develop some of their consequences. Some of their main aspects will be studied in further detail. Yet this text remains self- sufficient. The questions asked following these studies will be answered. The consistency of these developments in addition to the experimental results, enable to strongly support the existence of a preferred aether frame and of the anisotropy of the one-way speed of light in the Earth frame. The theory demonstrates that the apparent invariance of the speed of light results from the systematic measurement distortions entailed by length contraction, clock retardation and the synchronization procedures with light signals or by slow clock transport. Contrary to what is often believed, these two methods have been demonstrated to be equivalent by several authors [1]. The compatibility of the relativity principle with the existence of a preferred aether frame and with mass-energy conservation is discussed and the relation existing between the aether and inertial mass is investigated. The experimental space-time transformations connect co-ordinates altered by the systematic measurement distortions. Once these distortions are corrected, the hidden variables they conceal are disclosed. The theory sheds light on several points of physics which had not found a satisfactory explanation before. (Further important comments will be made in ref [1d]).

  15. A New 2D-Transport, 1D-Diffusion Approximation of the Boltzmann Transport equation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larsen, Edward

    2013-06-17

    The work performed in this project consisted of the derivation, implementation, and testing of a new, computationally advantageous approximation to the 3D Boltz- mann transport equation. The solution of the Boltzmann equation is the neutron flux in nuclear reactor cores and shields, but solving this equation is difficult and costly. The new 2D/1D approximation takes advantage of a special geometric feature of typical 3D reactors to approximate the neutron transport physics in a specific (ax- ial) direction, but not in the other two (radial) directions. The resulting equation is much less expensive to solve computationally, and its solutions are expected to be sufficiently accurate for many practical problems. In this project we formulated the new equation, discretized it using standard methods, developed a stable itera- tion scheme for solving the equation, implemented the new numerical scheme in the MPACT code, and tested the method on several realistic problems. All the hoped- for features of this new approximation were seen. For large, difficult problems, the resulting 2D/1D solution is highly accurate, and is calculated about 100 times faster than a 3D discrete ordinates simulation.

  16. Post-Closure Inspection Report for Corrective Action Unit 453: Area 9 UXO Landfill Tonopah Test Range, Nevada, Calendar Year 2001

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    K. B. Campbell

    2002-01-01

    Post-closure monitoring requirements for the Area 9 Unexploded Ordinance Landfill (Corrective Action Unit [CAU] 453) (Figure 1) are described in Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 453: Area 9 UXO Landfill, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada, report number DOE/NV--284, August 1999. The Closure Report (CR) was submitted to the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) on August 5 , 1999. The CR (containing the Post-Closure Monitoring Plan) was approved by the NDEP on September 10,1999. As stated in Section 5.0 of the NDEP-approved CR, post-closure monitoring at CAU 453 consists of the following: (1) Visual site inspections are conducted twice a year to evaluate the condition of the cover. (2) Verification that the site is secure and the condition of the fence and posted warning signs. (3) Notice of any subsidence, erosion, unauthorized excavation, etc., deficiencies that may compromise the integrity of the unit. (4) Remedy of any deficiencies within 90 days of discovery. (5) Preparation and submittal of an annual report. Site inspections were conducted on May 15, 2001 and November 6, 2001. Both site inspections were conducted in accordance with the Post-Closure Monitoring Plan in the NDEP-approved CR. This report includes copies of the inspection checklists, photographs, recommendations, and conclusions. The Post-Closure Inspection Checklists are found in Attachment A, a copy of the field notes is found in Attachment B, and inspection photographs are found in Attachment C.

  17. Sub-daily Statistical Downscaling of Meteorological Variables Using Neural Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, Jitendra [ORNL] [ORNL; Brooks, Bjrn-Gustaf J. [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign] [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Thornton, Peter E [ORNL] [ORNL; Dietze, Michael [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign] [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

    2012-01-01

    A new open source neural network temporal downscaling model is described and tested using CRU-NCEP reanal ysis and CCSM3 climate model output. We downscaled multiple meteorological variables in tandem from monthly to sub-daily time steps while also retaining consistent correlations between variables. We found that our feed forward, error backpropagation approach produced synthetic 6 hourly meteorology with biases no greater than 0.6% across all variables and variance that was accurate within 1% for all variables except atmospheric pressure, wind speed, and precipitation. Correlations between downscaled output and the expected (original) monthly means exceeded 0.99 for all variables, which indicates that this approach would work well for generating atmospheric forcing data consistent with mass and energy conserved GCM output. Our neural network approach performed well for variables that had correlations to other variables of about 0.3 and better and its skill was increased by downscaling multiple correlated variables together. Poor replication of precipitation intensity however required further post-processing in order to obtain the expected probability distribution. The concurrence of precipitation events with expected changes in sub ordinate variables (e.g., less incident shortwave radiation during precipitation events) were nearly as consistent in the downscaled data as in the training data with probabilities that differed by no more than 6%. Our downscaling approach requires training data at the target time step and relies on a weak assumption that climate variability in the extrapolated data is similar to variability in the training data.

  18. Predicted Versus Actual Savings for a Low-Rise Multifamily Retrofit in Boulder, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arena, L.; Williamson, J.

    2013-11-01

    To determine the most cost-effective methods of improving buildings, accurate analysis and prediction of the energy use of existing buildings is essential. However, multiple studies confirm that analysis methods tend to over-predict energy use in poorly insulated, leaky homes and thus, the savings associated with improving those homes. In this project, the Building America CARB team evaluated the retrofit of a multifamily building in Boulder, CO. The updated property is a 37 unit, 2 story apartment complex built in 1950, which underwent renovations in early 2009 to bring it into compliance with Boulder, CO's SmartRegs ordinance. Goals of the study were to: 1) evaluate predicted versus actual savings due to the improvements, 2) identify areas where the modeling assumptions may need to be changed, and 3) determine common changes made by renters that would negatively impact energy savings. Other issues that were investigated include the effects of improving building efficiency on tenant comfort, the impact on tenant turnover rates, and the potential market barriers for this type of community scale project.

  19. Predicted Versus Actual Savings for a Low-Rise Multifamily Retrofit in Boulder, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arena, L.; Williamson, J.

    2013-11-01

    To determine the most cost-effective methods of improving buildings, accurate analysis and prediction of the energy use of existing buildings is essential. However, multiple studies confirm that analysis methods tend to over-predict energy use in poorly insulated, leaky homes and thus, the savings associated with improving those homes. In NREL's report titled 'Assessing and Improving the Accuracy of Energy Analysis of Residential Buildings,' researchers propose a method for improving the accuracy of residential energy analysis methods. A key step in this process involves the comparisons of predicted versus metered energy use and savings. In support of this research need, CARB evaluated the retrofit of a multifamily building in Boulder, CO. The updated property is a 37 unit, 2 story apartment complex built in 1950, which underwent renovations in early 2009 to bring it into compliance with Boulder, CO's SmartRegs ordinance. Goals of the study were to: 1) evaluate predicted versus actual savings due to the improvements, 2) identify areas where the modeling assumptions may need to be changed, and 3) determine common changes made by renters that would negatively impact energy savings. In this study, CARB seeks to improve the accuracy of modeling software while assessing retrofit measures to specifically determine which are most effective for large multifamily complexes in the cold climate region. Other issues that were investigated include the effects of improving building efficiency on tenant comfort, the impact on tenant turnover rates, and the potential market barriers for this type of community scale project.

  20. Design Tool for Liquid-Nitrogen Gaps in Superconducting Apparatus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pace, Marshall O [ORNL; Sauers, Isidor [ORNL; James, David Randy [ORNL; Tuncer, Enis [ORNL; Polyzos, Georgios [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    For designers of high temperature superconducting equipment with liquid nitrogen as a dielectric, an expedient universal curve is sought that provides breakdown strength for a specified class of electrode shapes, with any practical sizes of electrodes and gap; thus the universal curve fills in missing experimental data. Universal breakdown strength curves at pressures of or slightly above 100 kPa, are being developed for AC, DC or impulse stress for the class with sphere-sphere, plane-plane and sphere-plane gaps, with three independent parameters: the size of each electrode and gap. A user can normalize his parameters and find the corresponding breakdown strength, even though no data were available for his exact dimensions. For AC and DC stresses the geometrical effects of stressed area/volume are incorporated from most published AC and DC experimental data of the last 50 years, by plotting breakdown field versus new geometrical quantities, such that all data fall approximately on or near one normalized universal curve. This avoids the usual difficult task of calculating stressed area and volume effects on the breakdown values for the graph ordinate. For impulse stress a more traditional plot suffices to produce a universal curve. This suggests that area/volume effects might not be so important with impulse stress. If the method proves reliable, it may be possible to determine design parameters for a broad range of geometries, help unify seemingly disparate breakdown data in the literature, and provide easily used, practical guidance for designers.

  1. The Status of USITER Diagnostic Port Plug Neutronics Analysis Using Attila

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feder, Russell; Youssef, Mahamoud; Klabacha, Jonathan

    2013-11-01

    USITER is one of seven partner domestic agencies (DA) contributing components to the ITER project. Four diagnostic port plug packages (two equatorial ports and two upper ports) will be engineered and fabricated by Princeton Plasma Physics Lab (PPPL). Diagnostic port plugs as illustrated in Fig. 1 are large primarily stainless steel structures that serve several roles on ITER. The port plugs are the primary vacuum seal and tritium confinement barriers for the vessel. The port plugs also house several plasma diagnostic systems and other machine service equipment. Finally, each port plug must shield high energy neutrons and gamma photons from escaping and creating radiological problems in maintenance areas behind the port plugs. The optimization of the balance between adequate shielding and the need for high performance, high throughput diagnostics systems is the focus of this paper. Neutronics calculations are also needed for assessing nuclear heating and nuclear damage in the port plug and diagnostic components. Attila, the commercially available discrete-ordinates software package, is used for all diagnostic port plug neutronics analysis studies at PPPL.

  2. Arthropod monitoring for fine-scale habitat analysis: A case study of the El Segundo sand dunes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mattoni, R.; Longcore, T.; Novotny, V.

    2000-04-01

    Arthropod communities from several habitats on and adjacent to the El Segundo dunes (Los Angeles County, CA) were sampled using pitfall and yellow pan traps to evaluate their possible use as indicators of restoration success. Communities were ordinated and clustered using correspondence analysis, detrended correspondence analysis, two-way indicator species analysis, and Ward's method of agglomerative clustering. The results showed high repeatability among replicates within any sampling arena that permits discrimination of (1) degraded and relatively undisturbed habitat, (2) different dune habitat types, and (3) annual change. Canonical correspondence analysis showed a significant effect of disturbance history on community composition that explained 5--20% of the variation. Replicates of pitfall and yellow pan traps on single sites clustered together reliably when species abundance was considered, whereas clusters using only species incidence did not group replicates as consistently. The broad taxonomic approach seems appropriate for habitat evaluation and monitoring of restoration projects as an alternative to assessments geared to single species or even single families.

  3. A hybrid model for fusion at deep sub-barrier energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ajit Kumar Mohanty

    2010-11-17

    A hybrid model where the tunneling probability is estimated based on both sudden and adiabatic approaches has been proposed to understand the heavy ion fusion phenomena at deep sub-barrier energies. It is shown that under certain approximations, it amounts to tunneling through two barriers: one while overcoming the normal Coulomb barrier (which is of sudden nature) along the radial direction until the repulsive core is reached and thereafter through an adiabatic barrier along the neck degree of freedom while making transition from a di-nuclear to a mono-nuclear regime through shape relaxation. A general feature of this hybrid model is a steep fall-off of the fusion cross section, sharp increase of logarithmic derivative L(E) with decreasing energy and the astrophysical S-factor showing a maxima at deep sub-barrier energies particularly for near symmetric systems. The model can explain the experimental fusion measurements for several systems ranging from near symmetric systems like $^{58}Ni+^{64}Ni, ^{58}Ni+^{58}Ni$ and $ ^{58}Ni+^{69}Y$ to asymmetric one like $^{16}O+^{208}Pb$ where the experimental findings are very surprising. Since the second tunneling is along the neck co-ordinate, it is further conjectured that deep sub-barrier fusion supression may not be observed for the fusion of highly asymmetric projectile target combinations where adiabatic transition occurs automatically without any hindrance. The recent deep sub-barrier fusion cross section measurements of $^{6}Li+^{198}Pt$ system supports this conjecture.

  4. Packaging laws motivate industry to draw up global recycling pacts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kiesche, E.S.

    1992-11-25

    Spurred by criticism that plastics contribute to the solid waste problem, some plastics industry associations are joining forces to find global solutions. For one, manufacturers of expanded polystyrene (EPS) protective foam packaging from the US, Germany, Austria, and Japan have entered an agreement to encourage the collection and recycling of postconsumer material. Meanwhile, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) makers from Japan, Europe, and North and South America met in September and agreed to develop systems and technology for PVC recycling as well as incineration. The EPS agreement was motivated by fears that packaging material made outside of Germany would not meet the country's new Packaging Ordinance, says a spokesman for the Association of Foam Packaging Recyclers (AFPR; Washington). AFPR chairman John O'Leary Jr., who is also president and CEO of Tuscarora Inc. (New Brighton, PA), says [open quotes]Some consumer product manufacturers in the US incorrectly believe that EPS protective foam packaging may not be acceptable in Germany.[close quotes] The agreement was signed by EPSY-Germany, EPSY-Austria, AFPR, and the Japan EPS Recycling Association. The AFPR is affiliated with the Society of the Plastics Industry (Washington).

  5. Unmanned airships for near earth remote sensing missions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hochstetler, R.D.

    1996-10-01

    In recent years the study of Earth processes has increased significantly. Conventional aircraft have been employed to a large extent in gathering much of this information. However, with this expansion of research has come the need to investigate and measure phenomena that occur beyond the performance capabilities of conventional aircraft. Where long dwell times or observations at very low attitudes are required there are few platforms that can operate safely, efficiently, and cost-effectively. One type of aircraft that meets all three parameters is the unmanned, autonomously operated airship. The UAV airship is smaller than manned airships but has similar performance characteristics. It`s low speed stability permits high resolution observations and provides a low vibration environment for motion sensitive instruments. Maximum airspeed is usually 30mph to 35mph and endurance can be as high as 36 hours. With scientific payload capacities of 100 kilos and more, the UAV airship offers a unique opportunity for carrying significant instrument loads for protracted periods at the air/surface interface. The US Army has operated UAV airships for several years conducting border surveillance and monitoring, environmental surveys, and detection and mapping of unexploded ordinance. The technical details of UAV airships, their performance, and the potential of such platforms for more advanced research roles will be presented. 3 refs., 5 figs.

  6. Missouri State information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1980-12-31

    This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of Missouri. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; a description of the organization and structure of local governments affected by remedial action at the St. Louis area sites; a summary of relevant local ordinances and regulations; an identification of relevant public interest groups; a list of radio stations, television stations, and newspapers that provide public information to the St. Louis area or to Jefferson City; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations.

  7. From Tragedy to Triumph: Rebuilding Greensburg, Kansas To Be a 100% Renewable Energy City; Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pless, S.; Billman, L.; Wallach, D.

    2010-08-01

    On May 4, 2007, Greensburg, Kansas, was hit by a 1.7-mile wide tornado with 200 mph-plus wind speeds. This tornado destroyed or severely damaged 90% of Greensburg?s structures. We discuss the progress made in rebuilding Greensburg, with a focus on the built environment and on meeting Greensburg?s goal of 100% renewable energy, 100% of the time. We also discuss key disaster recovery efforts that enabled Greensburg to reach this goal. Key strategies included a Sustainable Comprehensive Master Plan, an ordinance resolving that city-owned buildings achieve LEED Platinum and 42% energy savings, a strong focus on rebuilding 'right' with an integrated design process, attracting significant and sustained technical experts and national media attention, and linking renewable and energy efficiency technologies to business development. After three years, more than half the homes that have been rebuilt are rated at an average of 40% energy savings. All significant commercial buildings, including the school, hospital, banks, courthouse, and retail buildings, have been rebuilt to LEED Gold and Platinum standards and exceed 40% savings, with many exceeding 50% savings. Greensburg recently constructed a 12.5-MW community wind farm to provide all the remaining energy needed for its energy-efficient buildings and homes.

  8. Aging gauge

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Betts, Robert E. (Huntsville, AL); Crawford, John F. (Huntsville, AL)

    1989-01-01

    An aging gauge comprising a container having a fixed or a variable sized t opening with a cap which can be opened to control the sublimation rate of a thermally sublimational material contained within the container. In use, the aging gauge is stored with an item to determine total heat the item is subjected to and also the maximum temperature to which the item has been exposed. The aging gauge container contains a thermally sublimational material such as naphthalene or similar material which has a low sublimation rate over the temperature range from about 70.degree. F. to about 160.degree. F. The aging products determined by analyses of a like item aged along with the aging gauge for which the sublimation amount is determined is employed to establish a calibration curve for future aging evaluation. The aging gauge is provided with a means for determining the maximum temperature exposure (i.e., a thermally indicating material which gives an irreversible color change, Thermocolor pigment). Because of the relationship of doubling reaction rates for increases of 10.degree. C., equivalency of item used in accelerated aging evaluation can be obtained by referring to a calibration curve depicting storage temperature on the abscissa scale and multiplier on the ordinate scale.

  9. Revk - a Tool for the Fulfilment of Requirements from National Rules for Tracking and Documentation of Radioactive Residual Material and Radioactive Waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartmann, B.; Haeger, M.; Gruendler, D.

    2006-07-01

    According to the German Radiation Protection Ordinance treatment, storage, whereabouts of radioactive material etc. have to be documented. Due to legal requirements an electronic documentation system for radioactive waste has to be installed. Within the framework of the currently largest decommissioning project of nuclear facilities by Energiewerke Nord GmbH, a material flow-waste tracking and control system (ReVK) has been developed, tailored to the special needs of the decommissioning of nuclear facilities. With this system it is possible to record radioactive materials which can be released after treatment or decay storage for restricted and unrestricted utilization. Radioactive waste meant for final storage can be registered and documented as well. Based on ORACLE, ReVK is a client/server data base system with the following modules: 1. data registration, 2. transport management, 3. waste tracking, 4. storage management, 5. container management, 6. reporting, 7. activity calculation, 8. examination of technical acceptance criteria for storages and final repositories. Furthermore ReVK provides a multitude of add-ons to meet special user needs, which enlarge the spectrum of application enormously. ReVK is validated and qualified, accepted by experts and authorities and fulfils the requirements for a radioactive waste documentation system. (authors)

  10. Release and disposal of materials during decommissioning of Siemens MOX fuel fabrication plant at Hanau, Germany

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koenig, Werner; Baumann, Roland

    2007-07-01

    In September 2006, decommissioning and dismantling of the Siemens MOX Fuel Fabrication Plant in Hanau were completed. The process equipment and the fabrication buildings were completely decommissioned and dismantled. The other buildings were emptied in whole or in part, although they were not demolished. Overall, the decommissioning process produced approximately 8500 Mg of radioactive waste (including inactive matrix material); clearance measurements were also performed for approximately 5400 Mg of material covering a wide range of types. All the equipment in which nuclear fuels had been handled was disposed of as radioactive waste. The radioactive waste was conditioned on the basis of the requirements specified for the projected German final disposal site 'Schachtanlage Konrad'. During the pre-conditioning, familiar processes such as incineration, compacting and melting were used. It has been shown that on account of consistently applied activity containment (barrier concept) during operation and dismantling, there has been no significant unexpected contamination of the plant. Therefore almost all the materials that were not a priori destined for radioactive waste were released without restriction on the basis of the applicable legal regulations (chap. 29 of the Radiation Protection Ordinance), along with the buildings and the plant site. (authors)

  11. The heat-balance integral method by a parabolic profile with unspecified exponent: Analysis and Benchmark Exercises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan Hristov

    2010-12-12

    The heat-balance integral method of Goodman has been thoroughly analyzed in the case of a parabolic profile with unspecified exponent depending on the boundary condition imposed. That the classical Good man's boundary conditions defining the time-dependent coefficients of the prescribed temperature profile do not work efficiently at the front of the thermal layers if the specific parabolic profile at issue is employed. Additional constraints based on physical assumption enhance the heat-balance integral method and form a robust algorithm defining the parabola exponent . The method has been compared by results provided by the Veinik's method that is by far different from the Good man's idea but also assume forma tion of thermal layer penetrating the heat body. The method has been demonstrated through detailed solutions of 4 1-D heat-conduction problems in Cartesian co-ordinates including a spherical problem (through change of vari ables) and over-specified boundary condition at the face of the thermal layer.

  12. THE DISAPPEARING SOLAR FILAMENT OF 2003 JUNE 11: A THREE-BODY PROBLEM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balasubramaniam, K. S.; Pevtsov, A. A.; Cliver, E. W.; Martin, S. F.; Panasenco, O.

    2011-12-20

    The eruption of a large quiescent filament on 2003 June 11 was preceded by the birth of a nearby active region-a common scenario. In this case, however, the filament lay near a pre-existing active region and the new active region did not destabilize the filament by direct magnetic connection. Instead it appears to have done so indirectly via magnetic coupling with the established region. Restructuring between the perturbed fields of the old region and the filament then weakened the arcade overlying the midpoint of filament, where the eruption originated. The inferred rate ({approx}11 Degree-Sign day{sup -1}) at which the magnetic disturbance propagates from the mature region to destabilize the filament is larger than the mean speed ({approx}5 Masculine-Ordinal-Indicator -6 Degree-Sign day{sup -1}) but still within the scatter obtained for Bruzek's empirical relationship between the distance from a newly formed active region to a quiescent filament and the time from active region appearance to filament disappearance. The higher propagation speed in the 2003 June 11 case may be due to the 'broadside' (versus 'end-on') angle of attack of the (effective) new flux to the coronal magnetic fields overlying a central section of the axis of the filament.

  13. Gas production and behavior in the coolant of the SP-100 Space Nuclear Power System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGhee, J.M.

    1989-08-01

    The radiologic generation and subsequent behavior of helium gas in the lithium coolant of SP-100 class space nuclear power reactors was investigated analytically in a two part study. Part One of the study consisted of a calculation of coolant radiologic helium gas production rates in a SP-100 class reactor using the discrete ordinates code TWODANT. Cross sections were developed from ENDF/B-V data via the MATXS6s master cross section library. Cross sections were self shielded assuming one homogeneous core region, and doppler broadened to 1300 K using the cross section preparation code TRANSX. Calculations were performed using an S{sub 4}/P{sub 1} approximation and 80 neutron energy groups. Part Two of the study consisted of a theoretical investigation into the behavior of helium gas in the primary loop of lithium cooled space reactors. The SP-100 space power system was used as a representative of such a system. Topics investigated included: (1) heterogeneous and homogeneous nucleation; (2) bubble growth/collapse by diffusion, mechanical temperature/pressure effects, and coalescence; and, (3) the effects on bubble distribution of microgravity, magnetic fields, and inertially induced buoyancy. 104 refs., 78 figs., 28 tabs.

  14. National Biomedical Tracer Facility (NBTF). Project definition study: Phase I

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lagunas-Solar, M.C.

    1995-02-15

    This report describes a five-year plan for the construction and commissioning of a reliable and versatile NBTF facility for the production of high-quality, high-yield radioisotopes for research, biomedical, and industrial applications. The report is organized in nine sections providing, in consecutive order, responses to the nine questions posed by the U.S. Department of Energy in its solicitation for the NBTF Project Definition Study. In order to preserve direct correspondence (e.g., Sec. 3 = 3rd item), this Introduction is numbered {open_quotes}0.{close_quotes} Accelerator and facility designs are covered in Section 1 (Accelerator Design) and Section 2 (Facility Design). Preliminary estimates of capital costs are detailed in Section 3 (Design and Construction Costs). Full licensing requirements, including federal, state, and local ordinances, are discussed in Section 4 (Permits). A plan for the management of hazardous materials to be generated by NBTF is presented in Section 5 (Waste Management). An evaluation of NBTF`s economic viability and its potential market impact is detailed in Section 6(Business Plan), and is complemented by the plans in Section 7 (Operating Plan) and Section 8 (Radioisotope Plan). Finally, a plan for NBTF`s research, education, and outreach programs is presented in Section 9 (Research and Education Programs).

  15. Recovery Act - Sustainable Transportation: Advanced Electric Drive Vehicle Education Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caille, Gary

    2013-12-13

    The collective goals of this effort include: 1) reach all facets of this society with education regarding electric vehicles (EV) and plugin hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), 2) prepare a workforce to service these advanced vehicles, 3) create webbased learning at an unparalleled level, 4) educate secondary school students to prepare for their future and 5) train the next generation of professional engineers regarding electric vehicles. The Team provided an integrated approach combining secondary schools, community colleges, fouryear colleges and community outreach to provide a consistent message (Figure 1). Colorado State University Ventures (CSUV), as the prime contractor, plays a key program management and coordination role. CSUV is an affiliate of Colorado State University (CSU) and is a separate 501(c)(3) company. The Team consists of CSUV acting as the prime contractor subcontracted to Arapahoe Community College (ACC), CSU, Motion Reality Inc. (MRI), Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) and Ricardo. Collaborators are Douglas County Educational Foundation/School District and Gooru (www.goorulearning.org), a nonprofit webbased learning resource and Google spinoff.

  16. Signal Processing in the MicroBooNE LArTPC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joshi, Jyoti

    2015-01-01

    The MicroBooNE experiment is designed to observe interactions of neutrinos with a Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber (LArTPC) detector from the on-axis Booster Neutrino Beam (BNB) and off-axis Neutrinos at the Main Injector (NuMI) beam at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. The detector consists of a $2.5~m\\times 2.3~m\\times 10.4~m$ TPC including an array of 32 PMTs used for triggering and timing purposes. The TPC is housed in an evacuable and foam insulated cryostat vessel. It has a 2.5 m drift length in a uniform field up to 500 V/cm. There are 3 readout wire planes (U, V and Y co-ordinates) with a 3-mm wire pitch for a total of 8,256 signal channels. The fiducial mass of the detector is 60 metric tons of LAr. In a LArTPC, ionization electrons from a charged particle track drift along the electric field lines to the detection wire planes inducing bipolar signals on the U and V (induction) planes, and a unipolar signal collected on the (collection) Y plane. The raw wire signals are processed by speciali...

  17. The extent of computation in Malament-Hogarth spacetimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. D. Welch

    2006-09-10

    We analyse the extent of possible computations following Hogarth in Malament-Hogarth (MH) spacetimes, and Etesi and N\\'emeti in the special subclass containing rotating Kerr black holes. Hogarth had shown that any arithmetic statement could be resolved in a suitable MH spacetime. Etesi and Nemeti had shown that some \\forall \\exists relations on natural numbers which are neither universal nor co-universal, can be decided in Kerr spacetimes, and had asked specifically as to the extent of computational limits there. The purpose of this note is to address this question, and further show that MH spacetimes can compute far beyond the arithmetic: effectively Borel statements (so hyperarithmetic in second order number theory, or the structure of analysis) can likewise be resolved: Theorem A. If H is any hyperarithmetic predicate on integers, then there is an MH spacetime in which any query ? n \\in H ? can be computed. In one sense this is best possible, as there is an upper bound to computational ability in any spacetime which is thus a universal constant of the space-time M. Theorem C. Assuming the (modest and standard) requirement that space-time manifolds be paracompact and Hausdorff, for any MH spacetime M there will be a countable ordinal upper bound, w(M), on the complexity of questions in the Borel hierarchy resolvable in it.

  18. User's manual for ONEDANT: a code package for one-dimensional, diffusion-accelerated, neutral-particle transport

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Dell, R.D.; Brinkley, F.W. Jr.; Marr, D.R.

    1982-02-01

    ONEDANT is designed for the CDC-7600, but the program has been implemented and run on the IBM-370/190 and CRAY-I computers. ONEDANT solves the one-dimensional multigroup transport equation in plane, cylindrical, spherical, and two-angle plane geometries. Both regular and adjoint, inhomogeneous and homogeneous (k/sub eff/ and eigenvalue search) problems subject to vacuum, reflective, periodic, white, albedo, or inhomogeneous boundary flux conditions are solved. General anisotropic scattering is allowed and anisotropic inhomogeneous sources are permitted. ONEDANT numerically solves the one-dimensional, multigroup form of the neutral-particle, steady-state form of the Boltzmann transport equation. The discrete-ordinates approximation is used for treating the angular variation of the particle distribution and the diamond-difference scheme is used for phase space discretization. Negative fluxes are eliminated by a local set-to-zero-and-correct algorithm. A standard inner (within-group) iteration, outer (energy-group-dependent source) iteration technique is used. Both inner and outer iterations are accelerated using the diffusion synthetic acceleration method. (WHK)

  19. Future directions in electron--ion collision physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reed, K.J. ); Griffin, D.C. )

    1992-01-01

    This report discusses the following topics: Summary of session on synergistic co-ordination of theory and experiment; synergism between experiment and theory in atomic physics; comparison of theory and experiment for electron-ion excitation and ionization; summary of session on new theoretical and computational methods; new theoretical and computational methods-r-matrix calculations; the coulomb three-body problem: a progress report; summary of session on needs and applications for electron-ion collisional data; electron-ion collisions in the plasma edge; needs and applications of theoretical data for electron impact excitation; summary of session on relativistic effects, indirect effects, resonance, etc; direct and resonant processes in electron-ion collisions; relativistic calculations of electron impact ionization and dielectronic recombination cross section for highly charged ions; electron-ion recombination in the close-coupling approximation; modified resonance amplitudes with strongly correlated channels; a density-matrix approach to the broadening of spectral lines by autoionization, radiative transitions and electron-ion collisions; towards a time-dependent description of electron-atom/ion collisions two electron systems; and comments on inclusion of the generalized bright interaction in electron impact excitation of highly charged ions.

  20. Future directions in electron--ion collision physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reed, K.J.; Griffin, D.C.

    1992-10-01

    This report discusses the following topics: Summary of session on synergistic co-ordination of theory and experiment; synergism between experiment and theory in atomic physics; comparison of theory and experiment for electron-ion excitation and ionization; summary of session on new theoretical and computational methods; new theoretical and computational methods-r-matrix calculations; the coulomb three-body problem: a progress report; summary of session on needs and applications for electron-ion collisional data; electron-ion collisions in the plasma edge; needs and applications of theoretical data for electron impact excitation; summary of session on relativistic effects, indirect effects, resonance, etc; direct and resonant processes in electron-ion collisions; relativistic calculations of electron impact ionization and dielectronic recombination cross section for highly charged ions; electron-ion recombination in the close-coupling approximation; modified resonance amplitudes with strongly correlated channels; a density-matrix approach to the broadening of spectral lines by autoionization, radiative transitions and electron-ion collisions; towards a time-dependent description of electron-atom/ion collisions two electron systems; and comments on inclusion of the generalized bright interaction in electron impact excitation of highly charged ions.

  1. Critical Masses for Unreflected Metal Spheres

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Westfall, Robert Michael; Goluoglu, Sedat; Wright, Richard Q

    2009-01-01

    Critical masses of bare metal spheres for 33 actinide isotopes, using the SCALE/XSDRNPM one-dimensional, discrete-ordinates system, are presented. ENDF/B-VI, ENDF/B-VII, and JENDL-3.3 cross sections were used in the calculations. Results are given for isotopes of U, Np, Pu, Am, Cm, and Cf and for one isotope of Es. Calculated k-infinity values for 41 actinides are also given. For the nonthreshold or low-threshold fission nuclides, a good approximation for the nuclide k-infinity is the value of nubar at 1 MeV. A correlation between the calculated critical mass (kg) and the fission spectrum averaged value of F is given for the elements U, Np, Pu, Cm, and Cf as CM (kg) = exp (A + B ln( F)).(1) The values of A and B are element dependent and vary slightly for each of the five elements. The method described here is mainly applicable for nonthreshold fission nuclides (15 of the 31 nuclides considered in this paper). We conclude that equation (1) is useful for predicting the critical mass for nonthreshold fission nuclides if we have accurate values of the fission spectrum averaged F.

  2. Color tuning of Y{sub 3}Al{sub 5}O{sub 12}:Ce phosphor and their blend for white LEDs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kottaisamy, M. [Materials Research Laboratory, Kalasalingam University, Krishnankoil 626 190 (India)], E-mail: mmksamy66@yahoo.com; Thiyagarajan, P.; Mishra, J.; Ramachandra Rao, M.S. [Materials Science Research Centre, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600 036 (India); Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600 036 (India)

    2008-07-01

    Gadolinium or lanthanum co-doped (0.5 mole) yttrium aluminum garnet doped with cerium phosphors were synthesized by a citric acid gel method and the effect of co-dopants on the structural and luminescent properties were studied. A significant peak shift in the photoluminescence spectra of yttrium aluminum garnet doped cerium was observed from 535 to 556 and 576 nm for gadolinium or lanthanum co-doped phosphors, respectively. The color tuned phosphor were blended with yttrium aluminum garnet doped cerium which showed a considerable improvement in the Commission International De Eclairage chromaticity co-ordinate values of gallium nitride based blue light emitting diode pumped white light. White light emitted from yttrium aluminum garnet doped cerium shows a Commission International De Eclairage value of (0.229, 0.182) whereas the yttrium aluminum garnet doped cerium phosphor blended with gadolinium or lanthanum co-doped phosphor shows (0.262, 0.243) and (0.295, 0.282), respectively. These results demonstrate the possibility to use these phosphor blends to enhance the white light generation in the field of white-light emitting diode solid-state lighting.

  3. AGING GAUGE

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Betts, Robert E.; Crawford, John F.

    1989-04-04

    An aging gauge comprising a container having a fixed or a variable sized t opening with a cap which can be opened to control the sublimation rate of a thermally sublimational material contained within the container. In use, the aging gauge is stored with an item to determine total heat the item is subjected to and also the maximum temperature to which the item has been exposed. The aging gauge container contains a thermally sublimational material such as naphthalene or similar material which has a low sublimation rate over the temperature range from about 70.degree. F. to about 160.degree. F. The aging products determined by analyses of a like item aged along with the aging gauge for which the sublimation amount is determined is employed to establish a calibration curve for future aging evaluation. The aging gauge is provided with a means for determining the maximum temperature exposure (i.e., a thermally indicating material which gives an irreversible color change, Thermocolor pigment). Because of the relationship of doubling reaction rates for increases of 10.degree. C., equivalency of item used in accelerated aging evaluation can be obtained by referring to a calibration curve depicting storage temperature on the abscissa scale and multiplier on the ordinate scale.

  4. Marin Solar Village: feasibility study and technical analysis. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-08-31

    The energy needs of Hamilton Air Force Base's Solar Village for electricity and heating and cooling of buildings are considered and alternative ways of meeting the Village's requirements for these forms of energy are evaluated. First, Solar Village's energy demand is calculated and compared to a base case representing calculations for typical energy usage for a development of similar size and density that is in conformance with current state and local ordinances. The potential of selected alternative technologies to meet the Solar Village projected demand for electrical power and natural gas is evaluated. Scenarios were developed to reduce demand, particularly in the building sector. Four alternative on-site energy technologies have been evaluated: wind, solar thermal electric, biomass conversion, photovoltaics. Each alternative is analyzed in detail. Of the four alternatives considered, the one with the greatest present potential is biomass conversion. Two technologies have been incorporated into the design. A 3-acre land fill is covered with a mantle of soil. A network of pipes carries off the methane gas which is a natural product of anaerobic decomposition of the materials in the land fill. The second technology involves the planting of rapidly-growing trees on denuded and unused portions of the site; 50 acres devoted to tree production could yield 12% of the back-up energy required for home heating on a sustainable basis.

  5. Quantal self-consistent cranking model for monopole excitations in even-even light nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Gulshani

    2014-10-24

    In this article, we derive a quantal self-consistent time-reversal invariant parameter-free cranking model for isoscalar monopole excitation coupled to intrinsic motion in even-even light nuclei. The model uses a wavefunction that is a product of monopole and intrinsic wavefunctions and a constrained variational method to derive, from a many-particle Schrodinger equation, a pair of coupled self-consistent cranking-type Schrodinger equations for the monopole and intrinsic systems. The monopole co-ordinate used is the trace of the quadrupole tensor and hence describes the overall deformation of the nucleus. The monopole and intrinsic wavefunctions are coupled to each other by the two cranking equations and their associated parameters and by two constraints imposed on the intrinsic system. For an isotropic Nilsson shell model and an effective residual two-body interaction, the two coupled cranking equations are solved in the Tamm Dancoff approximation. The strength of the interaction is determined from a Hartree-Fock self-consistency argument. The excitation energy of the first excited state is determined and found to agree closely with those observed in the nuclei He-4, Be-8, C-12, O-16 , Ne-20, Mg-24, and Si-28. The variation of the model parameters are explained. In particular, it is found that the monopole excitation energy as a function of the mass number undergoes an increase whenever the nucleons begin to occupy a new sub-shell state with non-zero orbital angular momentum as a consequence of suppressing or constraining the resulting spurious monopole excitation in the intrinsic system.

  6. Potential Next Steps for the New Orleans City Council Energy Efficiency Resolution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doris, E.

    2011-09-01

    This document is adapted from an actual February 2008 deliverable memo and report delivered by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to the City Council of New Orleans, the office of the Mayor of New Orleans, the Chairperson of the Citizen Stakeholders Group (New Orleans Energy Task Force) and the Department of Energy Project Officer in February of 2008. In January 2008, the New Orleans Utility Committee requested review, commentary, and suggestions for Utility Committee next steps related to the Energy Efficiency Resolution (the Resolution) passed by the City Council in December 2007. The suggestions are reprinted here as: (1) An illustration of opportunities for other local governments for the development and implementation of effective energy efficiency ordinances and resolutions; and (2) An example of the type of policy technical assistance that DOE/NREL provides to communities. For more information on the strategy for delivering assistance, please see: www.nrel.gov/docs/fy11osti/48689.pdf. Based on experience in other communities and energy efficiency policies and programs, NREL found the Resolution to be a solid framework for increasing the responsible use of energy efficiency and reaping the associated economic and environmental benefits in the city of New Orleans. The remainder of this document provides the requested suggestions for next steps in implementing the word and spirit of the resolution. These suggestions integrate the extensive work of other entities, including the New Orleans Mayor's office, the New Orleans Energy Advisory Committee, the Energy Efficiency Initiative, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency. In general, three actions were suggested for funding mechanisms, two for near-term successes, and two for longer-term success.

  7. A comparison of estimates of cost-effectiveness of alternative fuels and vehicles for reducing emissions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hadder, G.R.

    1995-11-01

    The cost-effectiveness ratio (CER) is a measure of the monetary value of resources expended to obtain reductions in emissions of air pollutants. The CER can lead to selection of the most effective sequence of pollution reduction options. Derived with different methodologies and technical assumptions, CER estimates for alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) have varied widely among pervious studies. In one of several explanations of LCER differences, this report uses a consistent basis for fuel price to re-estimate CERs for AFVs in reduction of emissions of criteria pollutants, toxics, and greenhouse gases. The re-estimated CERs for a given fuel type have considerable differences due to non-fuel costs and emissions reductions, but the CERs do provide an ordinal sense of cost-effectiveness. The category with CER less than $5,000 per ton includes compressed natural gas and ed Petroleum gas vehicles; and E85 flexible-fueled vehicles (with fuel mixture of 85 percent cellulose-derived ethanol in gasoline). The E85 system would be much less attractive if corn-derived ethanol were used. The CER for E85 (corn-derived) is higher with higher values placed on the reduction of gas emissions. CER estimates are relative to conventional vehicles fueled with Phase 1 California reformulated gasoline (RFG). The California Phase 2 RFG program will be implemented before significant market penetration by AFVs. CERs could be substantially greater if they are calculated incremental to the Phase 2 RFG program. Regression analysis suggests that different assumptions across studies can sometimes have predictable effects on the CER estimate of a particular AFV type. The relative differences in cost and emissions reduction assumptions can be large, and the effect of these differences on the CER estimate is often not predictable. Decomposition of CERs suggests that methodological differences can make large contributions to CER differences among studies.

  8. SCALE: A modular code system for performing standardized computer analyses for licensing evaluation: Functional modules F1-F8

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-03-01

    This Manual represents Revision 5 of the user documentation for the modular code system referred to as SCALE. The history of the SCALE code system dates back to 1969 when the current Computational Physics and Engineering Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) began providing the transportation package certification staff at the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission with computational support in the use of the new KENO code for performing criticality safety assessments with the statistical Monte Carlo method. From 1969 to 1976 the certification staff relied on the ORNL staff to assist them in the correct use of codes and data for criticality, shielding, and heat transfer analyses of transportation packages. However, the certification staff learned that, with only occasional use of the codes, it was difficult to become proficient in performing the calculations often needed for an independent safety review. Thus, shortly after the move of the certification staff to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), the NRC staff proposed the development of an easy-to-use analysis system that provided the technical capabilities of the individual modules with which they were familiar. With this proposal, the concept of the Standardized Computer Analyses for Licensing Evaluation (SCALE) code system was born. This volume consists of the section of the manual dealing with eight of the functional modules in the code. Those are: BONAMI - resonance self-shielding by the Bondarenko method; NITAWL-II - SCALE system module for performing resonance shielding and working library production; XSDRNPM - a one-dimensional discrete-ordinates code for transport analysis; XSDOSE - a module for calculating fluxes and dose rates at points outside a shield; KENO IV/S - an improved monte carlo criticality program; COUPLE; ORIGEN-S - SCALE system module to calculate fuel depletion, actinide transmutation, fission product buildup and decay, and associated radiation source terms; ICE.

  9. Conjunction of Multizone Infiltration Specialists (COMIS) fundamentals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feustel, H.E.; Rayner-Hooson, A.

    1990-05-01

    The COMIS workshop (Conjunction of Multizone Infiltration Specialists) was a joint research effort to develop a multizone infiltration mode. This workshop (October 1988--September 1989) was hosted by the Energy Performance of Buildings Group at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory's Applied Science Division. The task of the workshop was to develop a detailed multizone infiltration program taking crack flow, HVAC-systems, single-sided ventilation and transport mechanism through large openings into account. This work was accomplished not by investigating into numerical description of physical phenomena but by reviewing the literature for the best suitable algorithm. The numerical description of physical phenomena is clearly a task of IEA-Annex XX Air Flow Patterns in Buildings,'' which will be finished in September 1991. Multigas tracer measurements and wind tunnel data will be used to check the model. The agenda integrated all participants' contributions into a single model containing a large library of modules. The user-friendly program is aimed at researchers and building professionals. From its announcement in December 1986, COMIS was well received by the research community. Due to the internationality of the group, several national and international research programmes were co-ordinated with the COMIS workshop. Colleagues for France, Italy, Japan, The Netherlands, People's Republic of China, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States of America were working together on the development of the model. Even though this kind of co-operation is well known in other fields of research, e.g., high energy physics; for the field of building physics it is a new approach. This document contains an overview about infiltration modelling as well as the physics and the mathematics behind the COMIS model. 91 refs., 38 figs., 9 tabs.

  10. SU-E-I-90: Medical Physicists' Implication in Diagnostic CT in Switzerland: Results of After One Year of Experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ryckx, N.; Elandoy, C.; Bize, J.; Verdun, F.R. [Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, VD (Switzerland)

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Since January 1st 2008, the Swiss ordinance on radiation protection requires the involvement of a medical physicist to support the optimization process of medical imaging techniques using ionizing radiation. After a long process of implementation, this requirement is satisfied all over the country since the beginning of 2013. The goal of this contribution is to summarize the main results obtained in this first year of experience in CT. Methods: We assessed the output and clinical use of 45 CT units using a three-pronged approach. First, we assessed the output of the device (CTDIvol, primary beam collimation and HU in water at different tube tensions). Secondly, we characterized the local chest and abdomen acquisition and reconstruction protocols using the Catphan 600 phantom. Lastly, we assessed the clinical use of the machine by analyzing an extract of a dozen clinical examinations per unit. Results: 9 out of 45 units had incorrect collimator settings, e.g. 4mm instead of 1mm. We witnessed also a large spread in reconstruction parameters, especially for reconstructed slice thickness, thus showing notable variations in low contrast detectability performances. Clinical practice is also clearly spread out. For example, estimated patient effective dose per abdomen examination lies at 18.7+/?12.7mSv (min: 2.0mSv max: 112.0mSv). Chest and brain scans have a narrower dispersion, but patient effective dose is also spread by about a factor of 10 to 20. Conclusion: The spread in clinical practice being fairly large, it appears of crucial importance to collaborate more closely with radiologists and technologists to assess it. The lack of statistical precision will imply that we analyze clinical practice according to a specific medical demand rather than an anatomical region. Furthermore, low contrast sensitivity (LCD) being a crucial parameter, an objective method using a model observer will be used to assess LCD.

  11. Internal energy relaxation in shock wave structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Josyula, Eswar, E-mail: Eswar.Josyula@us.af.mil; Suchyta, Casimir J. [Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States)] [Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States); Boyd, Iain D. [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)] [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Vedula, Prakash [University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 (United States)] [University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 (United States)

    2013-12-15

    The Wang Chang-Uhlenbeck (WCU) equation is numerically integrated to characterize the internal structure of Mach 3 and Mach 5 shock waves in a gas with excitation in the internal energy states for the treatment of inelastic collisions. Elastic collisions are modeled with the hard sphere collision model and the transition rates for the inelastic collisions modified appropriately using probabilities based on relative velocities of the colliding particles. The collision integral is evaluated by the conservative discrete ordinate method [F. Tcheremissine, Solution of the Boltzmann kinetic equation for high-speed flows, Comput. Math. Math. Phys. 46, 315329 (2006); F. Cheremisin, Solution of the Wang Chang-Uhlenbeck equation, Dokl. Phys. 47, 487490 (2002)] developed for the Boltzmann equation. For the treatment of the diatomic molecules, the internal energy modes in the Boltzmann equation are described quantum mechanically given by the WCU equation. As a first step in the treatment of the inelastic collisions by the WCU equation, a two- and three-quantum system is considered to study the effect of the varying of (1) the inelastic cross section and (2) the energy gap between the quantum energy states. An alternative method, the direct simulation Monte Carlo method, is used for the Mach 3 shock wave to ensure the consistency of implementation in the two methods and there is an excellent agreement between the two methods. The results from the WCU implementation showed consistent trends for the Mach 3 and Mach5 standing shock waves simulations. Inelastic contributions change the downstream equilibrium state and allow the flow to transition to the equilibrium state further upstream.

  12. A quantitative approach to the characterization of cumulative and average solvent exposure in paint manufacturing plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ford, D.P.; Schwartz, B.S.; Powell, S.; Nelson, T.; Keller, L.; Sides, S.; Agnew, J.; Bolla, K.; Bleecker, M. )

    1991-06-01

    Previous reports have attributed a range of neurobehavioral effects to low-level, occupational solvent exposure. These studies have generally been limited in their exposure assessments and have specifically lacked good estimates of exposure intensity. In the present study, the authors describe the development of two exposure variables that quantitatively integrate industrial hygiene sampling data with estimates of exposure duration--a cumulative exposure (CE) estimate and a lifetime weighted average exposure (LWAE) estimate. Detailed occupational histories were obtained from 187 workers at two paint manufacturing plants. Historic industrial hygiene sampling data for total hydrocarbons (a composite variable of the major neurotoxic solvents present) were grouped according to 20 uniform, temporally stable exposure zones, which had been defined during plant walk-through surveys. Sampling at the time of the study was used to characterize the few zones for which historic data were limited or unavailable. For each participant, the geometric mean total hydrocarbon level for each exposure zone worked in was multiplied by the duration of employment in that zone; the resulting products were summed over the working lifetime to create the CE variable. The CE variable was divided by the total duration of employment in solvent-exposed jobs to create the LWAE variable. The explanatory value of each participant's LWAE estimate in the regression of simple visual reaction time (a neurobehavioral test previously shown to be affected by chronic solvent exposure) on exposure was compared with that of several other exposure variables, including exposure duration and an exposure variable based on an ordinal ranking of the exposure zones.

  13. Development of Autonomous Magnetometer Rotorcraft For Wide Area Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mark D. McKay; Matthew O. Anderson

    2011-08-01

    Large areas across the United States and internationally are potentially contaminated with unexploded ordinance (UXO), with some ranges encompassing tens to hundreds of thousands of acres. Technologies are needed which will allow for cost effective wide area scanning with (1) near 100% coverage and (2) near 100% detection of subsurface ordnance or features indicative of subsurface ordnance. The current approach to wide area assessment is a multi-level one, in which medium - altitude fixed wing optical imaging is used for an initial site assessment. This assessment is followed with low altitude manned helicopter based magnetometry. Subsequent to this wide area assessment targeted surface investigations are performed using either towed geophysical sensor arrays or man portable sensors. In order to be an effective tool for small UXO detection, the sensing altitude for magnetic site investigations needs to be on the order of 1 to 3 meters. These altitude requirements mean that manned helicopter surveys will generally only be feasible in large, open and relatively flat terrains. While such surveys are effective in mapping large areas relatively fast there are substantial mobilization/demobilization, staffing and equipment costs associated with these surveys, resulting in costs of approximately $100-$150/acre. In addition, due to the low altitude there are substantial risks to pilots and equipment. Surface towed arrays provide highresolution maps but have other limitations, e.g. in their ability to navigate rough terrain effectively. Thus there is a need for other systems, which can be used for effective data collection. An Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) magnetometer platform is an obvious alternative. The motivation behind such a system is that it reduces risk to operators, is lower in initial and Operational and Maintenance (O&M) costs (and can thus potentially be applied to smaller sites) and has the potential of being more effective in terms of detection and possibly characterization (through the use of dynamic acquisition, i.e. survey mission in-flight reprioritization).

  14. Surface modes at metallic an photonic crystal interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dai, Weitao

    2009-08-15

    A surface mode is an electromagnetic field distribution bounded at a surface. It decays exponentially with the distance from the surface on both sides of the surface and propagates at the surface. The surface mode exists at a metal-dielectric interface as surface plasmon (1) or at a photonic crystal surface terminated properly (34; 35; 36). Besides its prominent near-filed properties, it can connect structures at its propagation surface and results in far-field effects. Extraordinary transmission (EOT) and beaming are two examples and they are the subjects I am studying in this thesis. EOT means the transmission through holes in an opaque screen can be much larger than the geometrical optics limitation. Based on our everyday experience about shadows, the transmission equals the filling ratio of the holes in geometrical optics. The conventional diffraction theory also proved that the transmission through a subwavelength circular hole in an infinitely thin perfect electric conductor (PEC) film converges to zero when the hole's dimension is much smaller than the wavelength (40). Recently it is discovered that the transmission can be much larger than the the filling ratio of the holes at some special wavelengths (41). This cannot be explained by conventional theories, so it is called extraordinary transmission. It is generally believed that surface plasmons play an important role (43; 44) in the EOT through a periodic subwavelength hole array in a metallic film. The common theories in literatures are based on these arguments. The surface plasmons cannot be excited by incident plane waves directly because of momentum mismatch. The periodicity of the hole arrays will provide addition momentum. When the momentum-matching condition of surface plasmons is satisfied, the surface plasmons will be excited. Then these surface plasmons will collect the energy along the input surface and carry them to the holes. So the transmission can be bigger than the filling ratio. Based on this picture, they deduced naturally that when surface plasmons momentum-matching condition is satisfied, the surface plasmons are excited sufficiently and the transmission reaches its peak. I present a new theory from first principles to explain EOT through one-dimensional periodic subwavelength metallic slits in this thesis. This theory can also be extended to 2D hole arrays. I define the incident wavelengths that satisfy the momentum-matching condition as surface resonant wavelengths. I proved analytically that the transmission is actually zero at the surface resonant wavelengths. The correct logic is: When the momentum-matching condition is satisfied, the surface plasmons excited by each slit interfere constructively with each other, the total surface plasmons will go to infinity. But the law of nature forbids the infinity. The only solution is the surface plasmon excited by one slit is zero and all the energy is reflected. In my theory, the term corresponding to surface plasmons appear explicitly in the equations. So it confirms the importance of surface plasmons without any doubt. The theory divides the transmission process into two steps: energy collection process along the input surface and the propagation process in the slits. In the first process, the surface plasmons collect the energy along the input surface and carry them to the slits. This process happens efficiently at any wavelength other than the surface resonant wavelengths. So EOT can happen at almost any wavelength. After the energy enter the slits, the Fabry-Perot interference between the input and output surface decides how much energy is emitted from the slits. So the EOT wavelengths are decided by the Fabry-Perot resonances. I also use my theory to explain the data in literatures. The transmission spectra through 1D slits or 2D hole arrays in literatures agree with my theory very well. The new theory can explain a lot of experimental results published recently, such as the transmission through randomized hole arrays, the strong influence of the hole shape on the transmission peaks, and so

  15. Resolvendo a equao de Schrdinger atravs da substituio direta da srie de potncias

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabio E. R. Campolim

    2014-09-24

    This work presents a direct and highly accurate method to solve ordinary differential equations, in particular the Schr\\"odinger equation in one dimension, through the direct substitution of a power series solution to obtain a purely algebraical system containing the recurrence relations among the series coefficients. With these recurrence relations at hand it is possible to build an extremely simple routine using only basic arithmetic operations to find solutions of very high accuracy at a very low cost of machine resources. For the Schr\\"odinger equation the energy eigenvalues may be estimated by a very simple method, an this estimate may be easily refined using the recurrence relations until the specified tolerance has been reached, which allows one to find high accuracy wavefunctions even for states with very high quantum numbers. ----- Este trabalho apresenta um m\\'etodo direto e de alta acur\\'acia para resolver equa\\c{c}\\~oes diferenciais ordin\\'arias, em particular a equa\\c{c}\\~ao de Schr\\"odinger em uma dimens\\~ao, atrav\\'es da substitui\\c{c}\\~ao direta de uma solu\\c{c}\\~ao em s\\'erie de pot\\^encias para obter um sistema puramente alg\\'ebrico contendo as rela\\c{c}\\~oes de recorr\\^encia entre os coeficientes da s\\'erie. De posse dessas rela\\c{c}\\~oes de recorr\\^encia \\'e poss\\'ivel construir uma rotina extremamente simples, usando somente opera\\c{c}\\~oes aritm\\'eticas b\\'asicas, para encontrar solu\\c{c}\\~oes de alt\\'issima acur\\'acia a um custo muito reduzido de recursos de m\\'aquina. Para a equa\\c{c}\\~ao de Schr\\"odinger, os autovalores de energia podem ser estimados por um m\\'etodo simples, e a estimativa pode ser facilmente refinada com o uso das rela\\c{c}\\~oes de recorr\\^encia at\\'e que se alcance a toler\\^ancia especificada, o que permite encontrar fun\\c{c}\\~oes de onda de alta acur\\'acia mesmo para estados com n\\'umero qu\\^antico alto.

  16. Radiation Dose-Response Model for Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer After Preoperative Chemoradiation Therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Appelt, Ane L., E-mail: ane.lindegaard.appelt@slb.regionsyddanmark.dk [Department of Oncology, Vejle Hospital, Vejle (Denmark); University of Southern Denmark, Odense (Denmark); Ploen, John [Department of Oncology, Vejle Hospital, Vejle (Denmark)] [Department of Oncology, Vejle Hospital, Vejle (Denmark); Vogelius, Ivan R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen (Denmark)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen (Denmark); Bentzen, Soren M. [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin (United States)] [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin (United States); Jakobsen, Anders [Department of Oncology, Vejle Hospital, Vejle (Denmark) [Department of Oncology, Vejle Hospital, Vejle (Denmark); University of Southern Denmark, Odense (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: Preoperative chemoradiation therapy (CRT) is part of the standard treatment of locally advanced rectal cancers. Tumor regression at the time of operation is desirable, but not much is known about the relationship between radiation dose and tumor regression. In the present study we estimated radiation dose-response curves for various grades of tumor regression after preoperative CRT. Methods and Materials: A total of 222 patients, treated with consistent chemotherapy and radiation therapy techniques, were considered for the analysis. Radiation therapy consisted of a combination of external-beam radiation therapy and brachytherapy. Response at the time of operation was evaluated from the histopathologic specimen and graded on a 5-point scale (TRG1-5). The probability of achieving complete, major, and partial response was analyzed by ordinal logistic regression, and the effect of including clinical parameters in the model was examined. The radiation dose-response relationship for a specific grade of histopathologic tumor regression was parameterized in terms of the dose required for 50% response, D{sub 50,i}, and the normalized dose-response gradient, {gamma}{sub 50,i}. Results: A highly significant dose-response relationship was found (P=.002). For complete response (TRG1), the dose-response parameters were D{sub 50,TRG1} = 92.0 Gy (95% confidence interval [CI] 79.3-144.9 Gy), {gamma}{sub 50,TRG1} = 0.982 (CI 0.533-1.429), and for major response (TRG1-2) D{sub 50,TRG1} and {sub 2} = 72.1 Gy (CI 65.3-94.0 Gy), {gamma}{sub 50,TRG1} and {sub 2} = 0.770 (CI 0.338-1.201). Tumor size and N category both had a significant effect on the dose-response relationships. Conclusions: This study demonstrated a significant dose-response relationship for tumor regression after preoperative CRT for locally advanced rectal cancer for tumor dose levels in the range of 50.4-70 Gy, which is higher than the dose range usually considered.

  17. COMBINE7.1 - A Portable ENDF/B-VII.0 Based Neutron Spectrum and Cross-Section Generation Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woo Y. Yoon; David W. Nigg

    2009-08-01

    COMBINE7.1 is a FORTRAN 90 computer code that generates multigroup neutron constants for use in the deterministic diffusion and transport theory neutronics analysis. The cross-section database used by COMBINE7.1 is derived from the Evaluated Nuclear Data Files (ENDF/B-VII.0). The neutron energy range covered is from 20 MeV to 1.0E-5 eV. The Los Alamos National Laboratory NJOY code is used as the processing code to generate a 167 fine-group cross-section library in MATXS format for Bondarenko self-shielding treatment. Resolved resonance parameters are extracted from ENDF/B-VII.0 File 2 for a separate library to be used in an alternate Nordheim self-shielding treatment in the resolved resonance energy range. The equations solved for energy dependent neutron spectrum in the 167 fine-group structure are the B-3 or B-1 approximations to the transport equation. The fine group cross sections needed for the spectrum calculation are first prepared by Bondarenko self-shielding interpolation in terms of background cross section and temperature. The geometric lump effect, when present, is accounted for by augmenting the background cross section. Nordheim self-shielded fine group cross sections for a material having resolved resonance parameters overwrite correspondingly the existing self-shielded fine group cross sections when this option is used. The fine group cross sections in the thermal energy range are replaced by those self-shielded with the Amouyal/Benoist/Horowitz method in the three region geometry when this option is requested. COMBINE7.1 coalesces fine group cross sections into broad group macroscopic and microscopic constants. The coalescing is performed by utilizing fine-group fluxes and/or currents obtained by spectrum calculation as the weighting functions. The multigroup constant may be output in any of several standard formats including ANISN 14** free format, CCCC ISOTXS format, and AMPX working library format. ANISN-PC, a one-dimensional, discrete-ordinate transport code, is incoprated into COMBINE7.1. As an option, the 167 fine-group constants generated by COMBINE portion in the program can be used to cacluate regionwise spectra in the ANISN portion, all internally to reflect the one-dimensional transport correction. Results for the criticality validation calculations are included as a part of verification and validation.

  18. COMBINE7.0 - A Portable ENDF/B-VII.0 Based Neutron Spectrum and Cross-Section Generation Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woo Y. Yoon; David W. Nigg

    2008-09-01

    COMBINE7.0 is a FORTRAN 90 computer code that generates multigroup neutron constants for use in the deterministic diffusion and transport theory neutronics analysis. The cross-section database used by COMBINE7.0 is derived from the Evaluated Nuclear Data Files (ENDF/B-VII.0). The neutron energy range covered is from 20 MeV to 1.0E-5 eV. The Los Alamos National Laboratory NJOY code is used as the processing code to generate a 167 finegroup cross-section library in MATXS format for Bondarenko self-shielding treatment. Resolved resonance parameters are extracted from ENDF/B-VII.0 File 2 for a separate library to be used in an alternate Nordheim self-shielding treatment in the resolved resonance energy range. The equations solved for energy dependent neutron spectrum in the 167 fine-group structure are the B-3 or B-1 approximations to the transport equation. The fine group cross sections needed for the spectrum calculation are first prepared by Bondarenko selfshielding interpolation in terms of background cross section and temperature. The geometric lump effect, when present, is accounted for by augmenting the background cross section. Nordheim self-shielded fine group cross sections for a material having resolved resonance parameters overwrite correspondingly the existing self-shielded fine group cross sections when this option is used. The fine group cross sections in the thermal energy range are replaced by those selfshielded with the Amouyal/Benoist/Horowitz method in the three region geometry when this option is requested. COMBINE7.0 coalesces fine group cross sections into broad group macroscopic and microscopic constants. The coalescing is performed by utilizing fine-group fluxes and/or currents obtained by spectrum calculation as the weighting functions. The multigroup constant may be output in any of several standard formats including ANISN 14** free format, CCCC ISOTXS format, and AMPX working library format. ANISN-PC, a onedimensional, discrete-ordinate transport code, is incoprated into COMBINE7.0. As an option, the 167 fine-group constants generated by COMBINE portion in the program can be used to cacluate regionwise spectra in the ANISN portion, all internally to reflect the one-dimensional transport correction. Results for the criticality validation calculations are included as a part of verification and validation.

  19. Relevance of supramolecular interactions, texture and lattice occupancy in the designer iron(II) spin crossover complexes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naik, Anil D. [Unite de Chimie des Materiaux Inorganiques et Organiques, Departement de Chimie, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Place L. Pasteur 1, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium); Tinant, Bernard [Unite de Chimie Structurale et des Mecanismes Reactionnels, Departement de Chimie, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Place L. Pasteur 1, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium); Muffler, Kai; Wolny, Juliusz A.; Schuenemann, Volker [Technische Universitaet Kaiserslautern, Fachbereich Physik, Erwin-Schroedinger-Str. 56, 67663 Kaiserslautern (Germany); Garcia, Yann, E-mail: yann.garcia@uclouvain.b [Unite de Chimie des Materiaux Inorganiques et Organiques, Departement de Chimie, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Place L. Pasteur 1, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium)

    2009-06-15

    New Fe{sup II} complexes of formula [Fe(3-Br-phen){sub 2}(NCS){sub 2}].Solvent (Solvent=0.5 CH{sub 3}OH (1), 2 CH{sub 2}Cl{sub 2} (2), desolvation of 2 (3), 0.5 CH{sub 3}COCH{sub 3} (4) and 0 (5)) have been synthesized. {sup 57}Fe Moessbauer and magnetic investigation reveal unique features atypical of classic [Fe(phen){sub 2}(NCS){sub 2}] polymorphs. Complex 1, prepared by precipitation in MeOH, undergoes upon cooling below room temperature an incomplete and gradual thermally induced spin conversion, while 4 prepared by an extraction method remains mostly in the low-spin state. The non solvated compounds 3 and 5, display a more abrupt spin crossover on cooling around T{sub 1/2}=175 K and T{sub 1/2}=198 K, respectively. Defects/soft lattice inclusion due to different methods of material synthesis, extent of aging, reaction medium and associated solvent molecules have enormous influence on the particle size and magnetic properties of these complexes. Scanning electron micrographs helps to establish a logical relationship among methods employed for synthesis, texture of materials and their effect on magnetic properties. The crystal structure of 2 determined in the monoclinic space group P2/c (100 K) reveals a mononuclear complex consisting of a distorted FeN{sub 6} octahedron in the low-spin state, constructed from two 3-bromo-1, 10-phenanthroline and two isothiocyanato anions in cis position. Intermolecular interactions between mononuclear units of the S...Br, S...C(H) and pi-pi type afford a 2D supramolecular network. DFT calculations for the single molecule 2 reveals an energy difference between high-spin and low-spin isomers of 7 kJ/mol suggesting a slight destabilization of the low-spin state compared to [Fe(phen){sub 2}(NCS){sub 2}]. Normal co-ordinate analysis was also carried out for 3 and compared with experimental temperature dependent Raman spectra for 5. - Graphical abstract: New Fe{sup II} complexes of formula [Fe(3-Br-phen){sub 2}(NCS){sub 2}].Solvent have been synthesized by precipitation (1) and extraction (4) methods. {sup 57}Fe Moessbauer and magnetic investigation reveal unique features atypical of classic [Fe(phen){sub 2}(NCS){sub 2}] polymorphs. Complex 1, undergoes upon cooling below room temperature an incomplete and gradual thermally induced spin conversion, while 4 remains mostly in the low-spin state. Role of supramolecular interactions, particles size, lattice solvents have profound influence on magnetic properties.

  20. ITER Generic Diagnostic Upper Port Plug Nuclear Heating and Personnel Dose Rate Assesment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Russell E. Feder and Mahmoud Z. Youssef

    2009-01-28

    Neutronics analysis to find nuclear heating rates and personnel dose rates were conducted in support of the integration of diagnostics in to the ITER Upper Port Plugs. Simplified shielding models of the Visible-Infrared diagnostic and of a large aperture diagnostic were incorporated in to the ITER global CAD model. Results for these systems are representative of typical designs with maximum shielding and a small aperture (Vis-IR) and minimal shielding with a large aperture. The neutronics discrete-ordinates code ATTILA and SEVERIAN (the ATTILA parallel processing version) was used. Material properties and the 500 MW D-T volume source were taken from the ITER Brand Model MCNP benchmark model. A biased quadrature set equivelant to Sn=32 and a scattering degree of Pn=3 were used along with a 46-neutron and 21-gamma FENDL energy subgrouping. Total nuclear heating (neutron plug gamma heating) in the upper port plugs ranged between 380 and 350 kW for the Vis-IR and Large Aperture cases. The Large Aperture model exhibited lower total heating but much higher peak volumetric heating on the upper port plug structure. Personnel dose rates are calculated in a three step process involving a neutron-only transport calculation, the generation of activation volume sources at pre-defined time steps and finally gamma transport analyses are run for selected time steps. ANSI-ANS 6.1.1 1977 Flux-to-Dose conversion factors were used. Dose rates were evaluated for 1 full year of 500 MW DT operation which is comprised of 3000 1800-second pulses. After one year the machine is shut down for maintenance and personnel are permitted to access the diagnostic interspace after 2-weeks if dose rates are below 100 ?Sv/hr. Dose rates in the Visible-IR diagnostic model after one day of shutdown were 130 ?Sv/hr but fell below the limit to 90 ?Sv/hr 2-weeks later. The Large Aperture style shielding model exhibited higher and more persistent dose rates. After 1-day the dose rate was 230 ?Sv/hr but was still at 120 ?Sv/hr 4-weeks later.

  1. Critical Masses for Unreflected Metal Spheres

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Westfall, Robert Michael; Wright, Richard Q

    2009-01-01

    Calculated critical masses of bare metal spheres for 28 actinide isotopes, using the SCALE/XSDRNPM one-dimensional, discrete-ordinates system, are presented. ENDF/B-VI, ENDF/B-VII, and JENDL-3.3 cross sections were used in the calculations. Results are given for isotopes of uranium, neptunium, plutonium, americium, curium, californium, and for one isotope of einsteinium. Calculated k values for these same nuclides are also given. We show that, for non-threshold or low-threshold fission nuclides, a good approximation for the nuclide k is the value of nubar at 1 MeV. A plot of the critical mass versus k values is given for 19 nuclides with A-numbers between 232 and 250. The peaks in the critical mass curve (for seven nuclides) correspond to dips in the k curve. For the seven cases with the largest critical mass, six are even-even nuclides. Neptunium-237, with a critical mass of about 62.7 kg (ENDF/B-VI calculation), has an odd number of protons and an even number of neutrons. However, two cases with quite small critical masses, 232U and 236Pu, are also even-even. These two nuclides do not exhibit threshold fission behavior like most other even-even nuclides. The largest critical mass is 208.8 kg for 243Am and the smallest is 2.44 kg for 251Cf. The calculated k values vary from 1.5022 for 234U to 4.4767 for 251Cf. A correlation between the calculated critical mass (kg) and the fission spectrum averaged value of is given for the elements U, Np, Pu, Am, Cm, and Cf. For each of the five elements, a fit to the data for that element is provided. In each case the fit employs a negative exponential of the form mass = exp(A + B ~ ln( ) The values of A and B are element dependent and vary slightly for each of the five elements. The method described here is mainly applicable for non-threshold fission nuclides (15 of the 28 nuclides considered in this paper). There are three exceptions, 238Pu, 244Cm, and 250Cf, which all exhibit threshold fission behavior.

  2. Converging cylindrical shocks in ideal magnetohydrodynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pullin, D. I. [Graduate Aerospace Laboratories, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Mostert, W.; Wheatley, V. [School of Mechanical and Mining Engineering, University of Queensland, Queensland 4072 (Australia); Samtaney, R. [Mechanical Engineering, Physical Sciences and Engineering Division, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal (Saudi Arabia)

    2014-09-15

    We consider a cylindrically symmetrical shock converging onto an axis within the framework of ideal, compressible-gas non-dissipative magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). In cylindrical polar co-ordinates we restrict attention to either constant axial magnetic field or to the azimuthal but singular magnetic field produced by a line current on the axis. Under the constraint of zero normal magnetic field and zero tangential fluid speed at the shock, a set of restricted shock-jump conditions are obtained as functions of the shock Mach number, defined as the ratio of the local shock speed to the unique magnetohydrodynamic wave speed ahead of the shock, and also of a parameter measuring the local strength of the magnetic field. For the line current case, two approaches are explored and the results compared in detail. The first is geometrical shock-dynamics where the restricted shock-jump conditions are applied directly to the equation on the characteristic entering the shock from behind. This gives an ordinary-differential equation for the shock Mach number as a function of radius which is integrated numerically to provide profiles of the shock implosion. Also, analytic, asymptotic results are obtained for the shock trajectory at small radius. The second approach is direct numerical solution of the radially symmetric MHD equations using a shock-capturing method. For the axial magnetic field case the shock implosion is of the Guderley power-law type with exponent that is not affected by the presence of a finite magnetic field. For the axial current case, however, the presence of a tangential magnetic field ahead of the shock with strength inversely proportional to radius introduces a length scale R=?(?{sub 0}/p{sub 0}) I/(2 ?) where I is the current, ?{sub 0} is the permeability, and p{sub 0} is the pressure ahead of the shock. For shocks initiated at r ? R, shock convergence is first accompanied by shock strengthening as for the strictly gas-dynamic implosion. The diverging magnetic field then slows the shock Mach number growth producing a maximum followed by monotonic reduction towards magnetosonic conditions, even as the shock accelerates toward the axis. A parameter space of initial shock Mach number at a given radius is explored and the implications of the present results for inertial confinement fusion are discussed.

  3. A Test of a Strong Ground Motion Prediction Methodology for the 7 September 1999, Mw=6.0 Athens Earthquake

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hutchings, L; Ioannidou, E; Voulgaris, N; Kalogeras, I; Savy, J; Foxall, W; Stavrakakis, G

    2004-08-06

    We test a methodology to predict the range of ground-motion hazard for a fixed magnitude earthquake along a specific fault or within a specific source volume, and we demonstrate how to incorporate this into probabilistic seismic hazard analyses (PSHA). We modeled ground motion with empirical Green's functions. We tested our methodology with the 7 September 1999, Mw=6.0 Athens earthquake, we: (1) developed constraints on rupture parameters based on prior knowledge of earthquake rupture processes and sources in the region; (2) generated impulsive point shear source empirical Green's functions by deconvolving out the source contribution of M < 4.0 aftershocks; (3) used aftershocks that occurred throughout the area and not necessarily along the fault to be modeled; (4) ran a sufficient number of scenario earthquakes to span the full variability of ground motion possible; (5) found that our distribution of synthesized ground motions span what actually occurred and their distribution is realistically narrow; (6) determined that one of our source models generates records that match observed time histories well; (7) found that certain combinations of rupture parameters produced ''extreme'' ground motions at some stations; (8) identified that the ''best fitting'' rupture models occurred in the vicinity of 38.05{sup o} N 23.60{sup o} W with center of rupture near 12 km, and near unilateral rupture towards the areas of high damage, and this is consistent with independent investigations; and (9) synthesized strong motion records in high damage areas for which records from the earthquake were not recorded. We then developed a demonstration PSHA for a source region near Athens utilizing synthesized ground motion rather that traditional attenuation. We synthesized 500 earthquakes distributed throughout the source zone likely to have Mw=6.0 earthquakes near Athens. We assumed an average return period of 1000 years for this magnitude earthquake in the particular source zone, thereby having simulated a catalog of ground motion for a period of 500,000 years. The distribution of traditional ground motion parameters of peak acceleration or spectral ordinates then becomes the synthesized record from which we develop hazard curves in the form of the annual probability of exceedance. This approach replaces the aleatory uncertainty that current PSHA studies estimate by regression of empirical parameters from the worldwide database with epistemic uncertainty on what specific sources actually do at specific sites. This is a fundamental change for PSHA and eliminates the need to extrapolate current empirical data that was gathered over about 50 years to represent values for 10{sup -3} annual probability of exceedance or less. This difference becomes especially significant for very sensitive structures that require estimates for 10{sup -5} or less exceedance.

  4. Computerized assessment of motion-contaminated calcified plaques in cardiac multidetector CT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    King, Martin; Giger, Maryellen L.; Suzuki, Kenji; Bardo, Dianna M. E.; Greenberg, Brent; Lan Li; Pan Xiaochuan [Department of Radiology, Committee on Medical Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States)

    2007-12-15

    An automated method for evaluating the image quality of calcified plaques with respect to motion artifacts in noncontrast-enhanced cardiac computed tomography (CT) images is introduced. This method involves using linear regression (LR) and artificial neural network (ANN) regression models for predicting two patient-specific, region-of-interest-specific, reconstruction-specific and temporal phase-specific image quality indices. The first is a plaque motion index, which is derived from the actual trajectory of the calcified plaque and is represented on a continuous scale. The second is an assessability index, which reflects the degree to which a calcified plaque is affected by motion artifacts, and is represented on an ordinal five-point scale. Two sets of assessability indices were provided independently by two radiologists experienced in evaluating cardiac CT images. Inputs for the regression models were selected from 12 features characterizing the dynamic, morphological, and intensity-based properties of the calcified plaques. Whereas LR-velocity (LR-V) used only a single feature (three-dimensional velocity), the LR-multiple (LR-M) and ANN regression models used the same subset of these 12 features selected through stepwise regression. The regression models were parameterized and evaluated using a database of simulated calcified plaque images from the dynamic NCAT phantom involving nine heart rate/multi-sector gating combinations and 40 cardiac phases covering two cardiac cycles. Six calcified plaques were used for the plaque motion indices and three calcified plaques were used for both sets of assessability indices. In one configuration, images from the second cardiac cycle were used for feature selection and regression model parameterization, whereas images from the first cardiac cycle were used for testing. With this configuration, repeated measures concordance correlation coefficients (CCCs) and associated 95% confidence intervals for the LR-V, LR-M, and ANN were 0.817 [0.785, 0.848], 0.894 [0.869, 0.916], and 0.917 [0.892, 0.936] for the plaque motion indices. For the two sets of assessability indices, CCC values for the ANN model were 0.843 [0.791, 0.877] and 0.793 [0.747, 0.828]. These two CCC values were statistically greater than the CCC value of 0.689 [0.648, 0.727], which was obtained by comparing the two sets of assessability indices with each other. These preliminary results suggest that the variabilities of assessability indices provided by regression models can lie within the variabilities of the indices assigned by independent observers. Thus, the potential exists for using regression models and assessability indices for determining optimal phases for cardiac CT image interpretation.

  5. COMBINE7.1 - A Portable ENDF/B-VII.0 Based Neutron Spectrum and Cross-Section Generation Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woo Y. Yoon; David W. Nigg

    2011-09-01

    COMBINE7.1 is a FORTRAN 90 computer code that generates multigroup neutron constants for use in the deterministic diffusion and transport theory neutronics analysis. The cross-section database used by COMBINE7.1 is derived from the Evaluated Nuclear Data Files (ENDF/B-VII.0). The neutron energy range covered is from 20 MeV to 1.0E-5 eV. The Los Alamos National Laboratory NJOY code is used as the processing code to generate a 167 fine-group cross-section library in MATXS format for Bondarenko self-shielding treatment. Resolved resonance parameters are extracted from ENDF/B-VII.0 File 2 for a separate library to be used in an alternate Nordheim self-shielding treatment in the resolved resonance energy range. The equations solved for energy dependent neutron spectrum in the 167 fine-group structure are the B3 or B1 zero-dimensional approximations to the transport equation. The fine group cross sections needed for the spectrum calculation are first prepared by Bondarenko self-shielding interpolation in terms of background cross section and temperature. The geometric lump effect, when present, is accounted for by augmenting the background cross section. Nordheim self-shielded fine group cross sections for a material having resolved resonance parameters overwrite correspondingly the existing self-shielded fine group cross sections when this option is used. COMBINE7.1 coalesces fine group cross sections into broad group macroscopic and microscopic constants. The coalescing is performed by utilizing fine-group fluxes and/or currents obtained by spectrum calculation as the weighting functions. The multigroup constants may be output in any of several standard formats including INL format, ANISN 14** free format, CCCC ISOTXS format, and AMPX working library format. ANISN-PC, a one-dimensional (1-D) discrete-ordinate transport code, is incorporated into COMBINE7.1. As an option, the 167 fine-group constants generated by zero-dimensional COMBINE portion in the program can be used to calculate regionwise spectra in the 1-D ANISN portion, all internally to reflect the 1-D transport correction. The regionwise spectra are then used to generate mutigroup regionwise neutron constants. The 1-D neutron transport can be performed up to three stages, e.g., from a TRISO fuel to PEBBLE to 1-D full core wedge. In addition, COMBINE7.1 has now the capability of adjoint flux calculation through the 1-D ANISN transport. Photon transport capability is also added. For this, a photon production and photo-atomic cross section library, MATNG.LIB, was generated in MATXS format through NJOY code. The photon production cross section matrix is of 167 neutron - 18 photon groups. Photo-atomic cross sections, including heating, are in 18 energy groups.

  6. Implementing Solar Photovoltaic Projects on Historic Buildings and in Historic Districts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kandt, A.; Hotchkiss, E.; Walker, A.

    2011-01-01

    Despite a global recession, the number of photovoltaic (PV) installations in the United States grew 30% from 2008 to 2009. A number of trends point toward continued growth of new PV installations. The efficiency of solar panels is increasing, while installation costs are going down. At the same time, federal, state, and local regulations are requiring that greater amounts of energy must come from renewable sources. Incentives for solar power technology implementation are being created and regulatory barriers removed. Corporations and governments are focusing on solar power to demonstrate leadership in environmental sustainability and resource conservation. Architects and builders are including PV arrays as a way to meet green building standards and property owners are seeking PV as a way to reduce their utility bills, as well as their carbon footprints. This publication focuses on the implementation of PV systems on historic properties. Many private property owners, as well as local, state, and national government entities, are seeking guidance on how best to integrate solar PV installations on historic buildings. Historic preservationists maintain that preserving, reusing, and maintaining historic structures is a key sustainable design strategy while also recognizing the importance of accommodating renewable energy technologies where they are appropriate. In some cases, however, conflicts have arisen over the installation of PV panels on historic properties. Addressing these conflicts and providing guidance regarding solutions and best practices is an important step toward resolving or eliminating barriers. Historic properties and districts in the United States provide tangible connections to the nation's past. Thousands of buildings, sites, districts, structures, and objects have been recognized for their historic and architectural significance. Local, state, and national designations of historic properties provide recognition, protection, and incentives that help to preserve those properties for future generations. At the national level, the National Register of Historic Places includes more than 86,000 listings, which encompass a total of more than 1.6 million historic resources. State registers of historic places also provide recognition and protection for historic sites and districts. Locally, more than 2,400 communities have established historic preservation ordinances. Typically implemented through zoning overlays, these local land use regulations manage changes to hundreds of thousands of historic properties. Over a period of 2 years (2007 and 2008) the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) designated 25 major U.S. cities as Solar America Cities. DOE provided financial and technical assistance to help the cities develop comprehensive approaches to accelerate the adoption of solar energy technologies. The Solar America Cities partnerships represent the foundation of DOE's larger Solar America Communities program. As a part of this program, DOE identified the implementation of solar projects on historic properties and in historic districts as one area to address. A workshop titled 'Implementing Solar Projects on Historic Buildings and in Historic Districts' was held in Denver, Colorado, in June of 2010. Participants included representatives from the solar industry as well as historic preservationists from nonprofit organizations and government agencies at the local, state, and national levels. The workshop provided an opportunity to gain a common understanding of solar technologies and historic preservation procedures and priorities. The workshop participants also discussed some of the challenges involved in locating PV systems on historic properties and identified potential solutions. This publication is based on the discussions that occurred at this workshop and the recommendations that were developed by participants. Ideas expressed by participants in the workshop, and included in this document, do not necessarily reflect the opinion of any government council, agency, or entity.