National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for foot predominant exterior

  1. Sunshade for building exteriors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Braunstein, Richard (Atlanta, GA); McKenna, Gregory B. (Cumming, GA); Hewitt, David W. (Alpharetta, GA); Harper, Randolph S. (Keezletown, VA)

    2002-01-01

    A sunshade for shading window exteriors includes at least one connecting bracket for attachment to a window mullion, a blade support strut attached to the connecting bracket at a first joint, and a plurality of louvered blades supported by the blade support strut at a second joint. The pivot angle at the first joint may be varied to extend the louvered blades a desired distance from the window mullion. The louvered blades are positioned at a preselected fixed profile angle on the second joint in order to optimize shading at the latitude where the sunshade is installed. In a preferred embodiment, the louvered blades have top walls supporting photovoltaic cells and the sunshade includes electric cables for connecting the photovoltaic cells to an electric circuit.

  2. Commercial Building Energy Alliance Exterior Lighting Scoping...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Commercial Building Energy Alliance Exterior Lighting Scoping Study Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Commercial Building Energy Alliance Exterior Lighting Scoping Study...

  3. Covered Product Category: Exterior Lighting | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    & Technologies Energy-Efficient Products Covered Product Category: Exterior Lighting Covered Product Category: Exterior Lighting The Federal Energy Management Program...

  4. Evaluating an Exterior Insulation and Finish System for Deep Energy Retrofits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dentz, J.; Podorson, D.

    2014-01-01

    Exterior insulation and finish systems (EIFS) are proprietary synthetic formulations that are applied to the exterior walls of buildings to serve as insulation and exterior cladding. The insulation thickness can vary from less than one inch to a foot or more. In this project the applicability of EIFS for residential deep energy retrofits was investigated through modeling and a case study home. The home was retrofitted using a site-applied four-inch-thick EIFS. Site-specific details were developed as required for the residential retrofit application. Site work and the costs of the EIFS system were documented. The demonstration home was modeled using Building Energy Optimization energy and cost analysis software to explore cost effectiveness of various EIFS insulation thicknesses in two climate locations.

  5. Federal Technology Deployment Pilot: Exterior Solid State Lighting...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Federal Technology Deployment Pilot: Exterior Solid State Lighting Federal Technology Deployment Pilot: Exterior Solid State Lighting Presentation-given at the Fall 2011 Federal...

  6. Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Exterior...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Exterior Insulation Pre- and Post-Retrofit, Syracuse, New York Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Exterior Insulation Pre- and Post-Retrofit, Syracuse, New...

  7. Evaluation of commercially available exterior digital VMDs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ringler, C.E.; Hoover, C.E.

    1996-06-01

    This paper discusses the highlights from the full report, `Evaluation of Commercially Available Exterior Digital VMDs`, Charles E. Ringler, Chris E. Hoover, SAND94-2875, on the testing and evaluation of thirteen commercially available exterior digital video motion detection (VMD) systems. The systems were evaluated for use in a specific perimeter outdoor application. The full report focuses primarily on the testing parameters, each system`s advertised features, and the nuisance alarm and detection test results; this paper will summarize the nuisance alarm and detection test results and present some conclusions from the tests.

  8. Evaluation of commercially available exterior digital VMDs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ringler, C.E.; Hoover, C.E.

    1995-06-01

    This report discusses the testing and evaluation of thirteen commercially available exterior digital video motion detection (VMD) systems. The systems were evaluated for use in a specific outdoor application. The report focuses primarily on the testing parameters, each system`s advertised features, and the nuisance alarm and detection test results.

  9. Promising Technology: Cool Paints for Exterior Walls

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Cool Paints increase the solar reflectance of exterior walls. By reflecting more sunlight, the wall surface maintains a cooler temperature. This decrease in temperature leads to less heat transfer through the walls into the building. During the cooling season, the addition of cool paints can decrease the cooling load of the building.

  10. Static exteriors for nonstatic braneworld stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Ponce de Leon

    2008-03-04

    We study possible static non-Schwarzschild exteriors for nonstatic spherically symmetric stars in a Randall $&$ Sundrum type II braneworld scenario. Thus, the vacuum region outside the surface of a star is assumed to be a static solution to the equation $^{(4)}R = 0$, where $^{(4)}R $ is the scalar curvature of the 4-dimensional Ricci tensor with spherical symmetry. Firstly, we show that for nonstatic spheres the standard matching conditions are much more restrictive than for static ones; they lead to a specific requirement on the vacuum region outside of a nonstatic star, that is absent in the case of static stars. Secondly, without making any assumption about the bulk, or the material medium inside the star, we prove the following theorem on the brane: for {\\it any} nonstatic spherical star, without rotation, there are only two possible static exteriors; these are the Schwarzschild and the "Reissner-Nordstr{\\"o}m-like" exteriors. This is quite distinct from the case of stars in hydrostatic equilibrium which admit a much larger family of non-Schwarzschild static exteriors.

  11. DOE Publishes GATEWAY Report on Exterior Lighting at Princeton...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Exterior Lighting at Princeton University DOE Publishes GATEWAY Report on Exterior Lighting at Princeton University October 30, 2015 - 1:46pm Addthis The U.S. Department of...

  12. Exterior Rigid Insulation Best Practices - Building America Top...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Exterior Rigid Insulation Best Practices More Documents & Publications Enclosures Standing Technical Committee Strategic Plan report Basement Insulation Systems - Building...

  13. Excavationless Exterior Foundation Insulation Exploratory Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mosimann, Garrett; Wagner, Rachel; Schirber, Tom

    2013-02-01

    The key objective of this exploratory study was to investigate the feasibility of the development or adoption of technologies that would enable a large percentage of existing homes in cold climates to apply a combination 'excavationless' soil removal process with appropriate insulation and water management on the exterior of existing foundations at a low cost. Our approach was to explore existing excavation and material technologies and systems to discover whether potential successful combinations existed.

  14. Excavationless Exterior Foundation Insulation Field Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schirber, T.; Mosiman, G.; Ojczyk, C.

    2014-09-01

    Building science research supports installing exterior (soil side) foundation insulation as the optimal method to enhance the hygrothermal performance of new homes. With exterior foundation insulation, water management strategies are maximized while insulating the basement space and ensuring a more even temperature at the foundation wall. However, such an approach can be very costly and disruptive when applied to an existing home, requiring deep excavation around the entire house. The NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership team implemented an innovative, minimally invasive foundation insulation upgrade technique on an existing home. The approach consisted of using hydrovac excavation technology combined with liquid insulating foam. The team was able to excavate a continuous 4 inches wide by 4 feet to 5 feet deep trench around the entire house, 128 linear feet, except for one small part under the stoop that was obstructed with concrete debris. The combination pressure washer and vacuum extraction technology also enabled the elimination of large trenches and soil stockpiles normally produced by backhoe excavation. The resulting trench was filled with liquid insulating foam, which also served as a water-control layer of the assembly. The insulation was brought above grade using a liquid foam/rigid foam hybrid system and terminated at the top of the rim joist. Cost savings over the traditional excavation process ranged from 23% to 50%. The excavationless process could result in even greater savings since replacement of building structures, exterior features, utility meters, and landscaping would be minimal or non-existent in an excavationless process.

  15. Excavationless Exterior Foundation Insulation Field Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schirber, T.; Mosiman, G.; Ojczyk, C.

    2014-10-01

    Building science research supports installing exterior (soil side) foundation insulation as the optimal method to enhance the hygrothermal performance of new homes. With exterior foundation insulation, water management strategies are maximized while insulating the basement space and ensuring a more even temperature at the foundation wall. However, such an approach can be very costly and disruptive when applied to an existing home, requiring deep excavation around the entire house. The NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership team implemented an innovative, minimally invasive foundation insulation upgrade technique on an existing home. The approach consisted of using hydrovac excavation technology combined with a liquid insulating foam. The team was able to excavate a continuous 4" wide by 4' to 5' deep trench around the entire house, 128 linear feet, except for one small part under the stoop that was obstructed with concrete debris. The combination pressure washer and vacuum extraction technology also enabled the elimination of large trenches and soil stockpiles normally produced by backhoe excavation. The resulting trench was filled with liquid insulating foam, which also served as a water-control layer of the assembly. The insulation was brought above grade using a liquid foam/rigid foam hybrid system and terminated at the top of the rim joist. Cost savings over the traditional excavation process ranged from 23% to 50%. The excavationless process could result in even greater savings since replacement of building structures, exterior features, utility meters, and landscaping would be minimal or non-existent in an excavationless process.

  16. Cladding Attachment Over Thick Exterior Insulating Sheathing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, P.; Eng, P.; Lepage, R.

    2014-01-01

    The addition of insulation to the exterior of buildings is an effective means of increasing the thermal resistance of both wood framed walls as well as mass masonry wall assemblies. For thick layers of exterior insulation (levels greater than 1.5 inches), the use of wood furring strips attached through the insulation back to the structure has been used by many contractors and designers as a means to provide a convenient cladding attachment location (Straube and Smegal 2009, Pettit 2009, Joyce 2009, Ueno 2010). The research presented in this report is intended to help develop a better understanding of the system mechanics involved and the potential for environmental exposure induced movement between the furring strip and the framing. BSC sought to address the following research questions: 1. What are the relative roles of the mechanisms and the magnitudes of the force that influence the vertical displacement resistance of the system? 2. Can the capacity at a specified deflection be reliably calculated using mechanics based equations? 3. What are the impacts of environmental exposure on the vertical displacement of furring strips attached directly through insulation back to a wood structure?

  17. Cladding Attachment Over Thick Exterior Insulating Sheathing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, P.; Eng, P.; Lepage, R.

    2014-01-01

    The addition of insulation to the exterior of buildings is an effective means of increasing the thermal resistance of both wood framed walls as well as mass masonry wall assemblies. For thick layers of exterior insulation (levels greater than 1.5 inches), the use of wood furring strips attached through the insulation back to the structure has been used by many contractors and designers as a means to provide a convenient cladding attachment location (Straube and Smegal 2009, Pettit 2009, Joyce 2009, Ueno 2010). The research presented in this report is intended to help develop a better understanding of the system mechanics involved and the potential for environmental exposure induced movement between the furring strip and the framing. BSC sought to address the following research questions: 1.What are the relative roles of the mechanisms and the magnitudes of the force that influence the vertical displacement resistance of the system? 2.Can the capacity at a specified deflection be reliably calculated using mechanics based equations? 3.What are the impacts of environmental exposure on the vertical displacement of furring strips attached directly through insulation back to a wood structure?

  18. Exterior Differential Systems for Yang-Mills Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank B. Estabrook

    2008-12-05

    Exterior differential systems are given, and their Cartan characters calculated, for Maxwell and SU(2)-Yang-Mills equations in dimensions from three to six.

  19. Low-cost exterior insulation process and structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vohra, Arun (Bethesda, MD)

    1999-01-01

    A low-cost exterior insulation process of stacking bags of insulating material against a wall and covering them with wire mesh and stucco provides a durable structure with good insulating value.

  20. Low-cost exterior insulation process and structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vohra, A.

    1999-03-02

    A low-cost exterior insulation process of stacking bags of insulating material against a wall and covering them with wire mesh and stucco provides a durable structure with good insulating value. 2 figs.

  1. Investigation about the effects of exterior surface paint color on temperature development in aboveground pipeline

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farzaneh-Gord, Mahmood; Rasekh, Alireza; Nabati, Amin; Saadat, Morteza

    2010-12-15

    A practical analytical model for predicting temperature development of incompressible flow inside an aboveground pipeline has been constructed and presented in this research work. The outer surface of the pipeline is exposed to solar radiation and wind stream. The radiation heat exchange with ambient is also taken into account. The effects of exterior surface paint color represented by emissivity and absorptivity, have been studied. The model has been developed to study crude oil flow temperature development through a specific pipeline. The results obtained by the model show that the bulk temperature inclined to a limiting value in some distance which affected mainly by Reynolds numbers. It is found that emissivity and absorptivity of surface are predominant parameters in temperature development in an aboveground pipeline flow which can increase or decrease pipe surface and fluid temperature especially for low Reynolds number flow. Based on the results which indicated significantly of exterior surface paint color, one should choose the paint color by considering its effects on temperature development. (author)

  2. Spray Foam Exterior Insulation with Stand-Off Furring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Herk, Anatasia; Baker, Richard; Prahl, Duncan

    2014-03-01

    IBACOS, in collaboration with GreenHomes America, was contracted by the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority to research exterior wall insulation solutions. This research investigated cost-effective deep energy retrofit (DER) solutions for improving the building shell exterior while achieving a cost-reduction goal, including reduced labor costs to reach a 50/50 split between material and labor. The strategies included exterior wall insulation plus energy upgrades as needed in the attic, mechanical and ventilation systems, and basement band joist, walls, and floors. The work can be integrated with other home improvements such as siding or window replacement. This strategy minimizes physical connections to existing wall studs, encapsulates existing siding materials (including lead paint) with spray foam, and creates a vented rain screen assembly to promote drying. GreenHomes America applied construction details created by IBACOS to a test home. 2x4 framing members were attached to the wall at band joists and top plates using "L" clips, with spray foam insulating the wall after framing was installed. Windows were installed simultaneously with the framing, including extension jambs. The use of clips in specific areas provided the best strength potential, and "picture framing" the spray foam held the 2x4s in place. Short-term testing was performed at this house, with monitoring equipment installed for long-term testing. Testing measurements will be provided in a later report, as well as utility impact (before and after), costs (labor and materials), construction time, standard specifications, and analysis for the exterior wall insulation strategy.

  3. Spray Foam Exterior Insulation with Stand-Off Furring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Herk, A.; Baker, R.; Prahl, D.

    2014-03-01

    IBACOS, in collaboration with GreenHomes America, was contracted by the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority to research exterior wall insulation solutions. This research investigated cost-effective deep energy retrofit (DER) solutions for improving the building shell exterior while achieving a cost-reduction goal, including reduced labor costs to reach a 50/50 split between material and labor. The strategies included exterior wall insulation plus energy upgrades as needed in the attic, mechanical and ventilation systems, and basement band joist, walls, and floors. The work can be integrated with other home improvements such as siding or window replacement. This strategy minimizes physical connections to existing wall studs, encapsulates existing siding materials (including lead paint) with spray foam, and creates a vented rain screen assembly to promote drying. GreenHomes America applied construction details created by IBACOS to a test home. 2x4 framing members were attached to the wall at band joists and top plates using 'L' clips, with spray foam insulating the wall after framing was installed. Windows were installed simultaneously with the framing, including extension jambs. The use of clips in specific areas provided the best strength potential, and 'picture framing' the spray foam held the 2x4s in place. Short-term testing was performed at this house, with monitoring equipment installed for long-term testing. Testing measurements will be provided in a later report, as well as utility impact (before and after), costs (labor and materials), construction time, standard specifications, and analysis for the exterior wall insulation strategy.

  4. Exterior LED Lighting Projects at Princeton University | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015Executive Order 13514 Federal LeadershipDepartment ofEnergy Exterior

  5. Lighting the Great Outdoors: LEDs in Exterior Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cook, Tyson D. S.; Bryan, Mary M.; Kinzey, Bruce R.; Myer, Michael

    2008-08-17

    Recent progress in the development of white light LEDs promises great impact by opening up the huge potential for LED illumination in new areas. One such area is general illumination for exterior applications. For example, there are an estimated combined 60.5 million roadway and parking installations in the U.S. These lights account for an estimated 53.3 TWh of electricity usage annually -- nearly 7% of all lighting. If LEDs could provide the same light performance with just 25% greater efficiency, savings of over 13 TWh could be achieved. In 2007, the authors assessed emerging LED lighting technologies in a parking garage and on a city street. The purpose of these tests was to enable a utility to determine whether energy efficiency programs promoting white light LED products might be justified. The results have supported the great promise of LEDs in exterior applications, while also highlighting the barriers that continue to hinder their widespread adoption. Such barriers include 1) inconsistent product quality across manufacturers; 2) lack of key metrics for comparing LEDs to conventional sources; and 3) high upfront cost of LED luminaires compared to conventional luminaires. This paper examines these barriers, ways in which energy-efficiency programs could help to overcome them, and the potential for energy and financial savings from LED lighting in these two exterior applications.

  6. Expert Meeting Report: Cladding Attachment Over Exterior Insulation (BSC Report)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-10-01

    The addition of insulation to the exterior of buildings is an effective means of increasing the thermal resistance of both wood framed walls as well as mass masonry wall assemblies. The location of the insulation to the exterior of the structure has many direct benefits including better effective R-value from reduced thermal bridging, better condensation resistance, reduced thermal stress on the structure, as well as other commonly associated improvements such as increased air tightness and improved water management (Hutcheon 1964, Lstiburek 2007). The intent of the meeting was to review the current state of industry knowledge regarding cladding attachment over exterior insulation with a specific focus on: 1. Gravity load resistance, 2. Wind load resistance. The presentations explore these topics from an engineering design, laboratory testing, field monitoring, as well as practical construction perspective. By bringing various groups together (who have been conduction research or have experience in this area), a more holistic review of the design limits and current code language proposals can be completed and additional gaps identified. The results of which will help inform design standards and criteria.

  7. Cladding Attachment Over Thick Exterior Insulating Sheathing (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-11-01

    The addition of insulation to the exterior of buildings is an effective means of increasing the thermal resistance of wood-framed walls and mass masonry wall assemblies. The location of the insulation on the exterior of the structure has many direct benefits, including better effective R-value from reduced thermal bridging, better condensation resistance, reduced thermal stress on the structure, as well as other commonly associated improvements such as increased airtightness and improved water management. For thick layers of exterior insulation (more than 1.5 in.), the use of wood furring strips attached through the insulation back to the structure has been used by many contractors and designers as a means to provide a convenient cladding attachment location. Although the approach has proven effective, there is significant resistance to its widespread implementation due to a lack of research and understanding of the mechanisms involved in the development of the vertical displacement resistance capacity. In addition, the long-term in-service performance of the system has been questioned due to potential creep effects of the assembly under the sustained dead load of the cladding and effects of varying environmental conditions. In addition, the current International Building Code (IBC) and International Residential Code (IRC) do not have a provision that specifically allows this assembly.

  8. Research Report Head Up, Foot Down

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barsalou, Lawrence W.

    Research Report Head Up, Foot Down Object Words Orient Attention to the Objects' Typical Location, and object words encode these spatial associa- tions. We tested whether such object words (e.g., head, foot denoting low objects hindered target iden- tification at the bottom of the display. Thus, object words

  9. Evaluation of Two CEDA Weatherization Pilot Implementations of an Exterior Insulation and Over-Clad Retrofit Strategy for Residential Masonry Buildings in Chicago

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neuhauser, K.

    2013-08-01

    This project examines the implementation of an exterior insulation and over-clad strategy for brick masonry buildings in Chicago. The strategy was implemented at a free-standing two story two-family dwelling and a larger free-standing multifamily building. The test homes selected for this research represent predominant housing types for the Chicago area. High heating energy use typical in these buildings threaten housing affordability. Uninsulated mass masonry wall assemblies also have a strongly detrimental impact on comfort. Significant changes to the performance of masonry wall assemblies is generally beyond the reach of typical weatherization (Wx) program resources. The Community and Economic Development Association of Cook County, Inc. (CEDA) has secured a Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) innovation grant sponsored by the United States Department of Energy (DOE). This grant provides CEDA the opportunity to pursue a pilot implementation of innovative approaches to retrofit in masonry wall enclosures. The exterior insulation and over-clad strategy implemented through this project was designed to allow implementation by contractors active in CEDA weatherization programs and using materials and methods familiar to these contractors. The retrofit measures are evaluated in terms of feasibility, cost and performance. Through observations of the strategies implemented, the research described in this report identifies measures critical to performance as well as conditions for wider adoption. The research also identifies common factors that must be considered in determining whether the exterior insulation and over-clad strategy is appropriate for the building.

  10. Impact of Fixed Exterior Shading on Daylighting: A Case Study of the David Brower Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelenay, Krystyna

    2011-01-01

    shading type Fixed exterior white-painted aluminum louvers on 2nd and 3rd floors, awning at ground floor, photovoltaic

  11. AUTOMATIC EXTERIOR ORIENTATION OF AERIAL IMAGES IN URBAN ENVIRONMENTS C. Drewniok, K. Rohr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamburg,.UniversitƤt

    AUTOMATIC EXTERIOR ORIENTATION OF AERIAL IMAGES IN URBAN ENVIRONMENTS C. Drewniok, K. Rohr-Based Detection, Invariants ABSTRACT We present an approach for automatic exterior orientation of aerial images: First, a landmark extraction scheme which enables us to automatically detect and precisely localize many

  12. The Penrose inequality on perturbations of the Schwarzschild exterior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spyros Alexakis

    2015-06-21

    We prove a version the Penrose inequality for black hole space-times which are perturbations of the Schwarzschild exterior in a slab around a null hypersurface $\\underline{\\mathcal{N}}_0$. $\\underline{\\mathcal{N}}_0$ terminates at past null infinity $\\mathcal{I}^-$ and $\\mathcal{S}_0:=\\partial\\underline{\\mathcal{N}}_0$ is chosen to be a marginally outer trapped sphere. We show that the area of $\\mathcal{S}_0$ yields a lower bound for the Bondi energy of sections of past null infinity, thus also for the total ADM energy. Our argument is perturbative, and rests on suitably deforming the initial null hypersurface $\\underline{\\mathcal{N}}_0$ to one for which the natural "luminosity" foliation originally introduced by Hawking yields a monotonically increasing Hawking mass, and for which the leaves of this foliation become asymptotically round. It is to ensure the latter (essential) property that we perform the deformation of the initial nullhypersurface $\\underline{\\mathcal{N}}_0$.

  13. Evaluation of Two CEDA Weatherization Pilot Implementations of an Exterior Insulation and Over-Clad Retrofit Strategy for Residential Masonry Buildings in Chicago

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neuhauser, Ken

    2013-08-01

    This project examines the implementation of an exterior insulation and over-clad strategy for brick masonry buildings in Chicago—a free-standing two story two-family dwelling and a larger free-standing multifamily building. The test homes selected for this research represent predominant housing types for the Chicago area, in which high heating energy use typical in these buildings threaten housing affordability, and uninsulated mass masonry wall assemblies are uncomfortable for residents. In this project, the Community and Economic Development Association of Cook County, Inc. (CEDA) has secured a Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) innovation grant sponsored by DOE to pursue a pilot implementation of innovative approaches to retrofit in masonry wall enclosures. The retrofit measures are evaluated in terms of feasibility, cost and performance. Through observations of the strategies implemented, the research described in this report identifies measures critical to performance as well as conditions for wider adoption. The research also identifies common factors that must be considered in determining whether the exterior insulation and over-clad strategy is appropriate for the building.

  14. Technology Solutions Case Study: Excavationless: Exterior-Side Foundation Insulation for Existing Homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-09-01

    Building science research supports installing exterior (soil side) foundation insulation as the optimal method to enhance the hygrothermal performance of new homes. With exterior foundation insulation, water management strategies are maximized while insulating the basement space and ensuring a more even temperature at the foundation wall. This project describes an innovative, minimally invasive foundation insulation upgrade technique on an existing home that uses hydrovac excavation technology combined with a liquid insulating foam. Cost savings over the traditional excavation process ranged from 23% to 50%. The excavationless process could result in even greater savings since replacement of building structures, exterior features, utility meters, and landscaping would be minimal or non-existent in an excavationless process.

  15. Deliverable 3 Turbine Installation: Site Preparation and Footings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deliverable 3 Turbine Installation: Site Preparation and Footings Crissy Field Center Wind Power sufficient for industry standard analysis. Performance of the turbines on the site will be monitored programs. Deliverable 3 Turbine Installation: Site Preparation and Footings The Deliverables and Payment

  16. Initial and Long-Term Movement of Cladding Installed Over Exterior Rigid Insulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, P.

    2014-09-01

    Changes in the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) from 2009 to 2012 have resulted in the use of exterior rigid insulation becoming part of the prescriptive code requirements. With more jurisdictions adopting the 2012 IECC builders are going to finding themselves required to incorporate exterior insulation in the construction of their exterior wall assemblies. For thick layers of exterior insulation (levels greater than 1.5 inches), the use wood furring strips attached through the insulation back to the structure has been used by many contractors and designers as a means to provide a convenient cladding attachment location. However, there has been a significant resistance to its widespread implementation due to a lack of research and understanding of the mechanisms involved and potential creep effects of the assembly under the sustained dead load of a cladding. This research was an extension on previous research conducted by BSC in 2011, and 2012. Each year the understanding of the system discrete load component interactions, as well as impacts of environmental loading has increased. The focus of the research was to examine more closely the impacts of screw fastener bending on the total system capacity, effects of thermal expansion and contraction of materials on the compressive forces in the assembly, as well as to analyze a full years worth of cladding movement data from assemblies constructed in an exposed outdoor environment.

  17. Initial and Long-Term Movement of Cladding Installed Over Exterior Rigid Insulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, Peter

    2014-09-01

    Changes in the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) from 2009 to 2012 have resulted in the use of exterior rigid insulation becoming part of the prescriptive code requirements. With more jurisdictions adopting the 2012 IECC builders will be required to incorporate exterior insulation in the construction of their exterior wall assemblies. For thick layers of exterior insulation (levels greater than 1.5 inches), the use of wood furring strips attached through the insulation back to the structure has been used by many contractors and designers as a means to provide a convenient cladding attachment location. This research was an extension on previous research conducted by Building Science Corporation in 2011, and 2012. Each year the understanding of the system discrete load component interactions, as well as impacts of environmental loading, has increased. The focus of the research was to examine more closely the impacts of screw fastener bending on the total system capacity, effects of thermal expansion and contraction of materials on the compressive forces in the assembly, as well as to analyze a full year’s worth of cladding movement data from assemblies constructed in an exposed outdoor environment.

  18. Sustainable wall construction and exterior insulation retrofit technology process and structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vohra, Arun (Bethesda, MD)

    2000-01-01

    A low-cost process for exterior wall insulation retrofit, or new wall construction by stacking layers of fabric tube filled with insulating material against a wall and covering them with mesh and stucco provides a durable structure with good insulating value.

  19. Project Overcoat — An Exploration of Exterior Insulation Strategies for 1-½ Story Roof Applications in Cold Climates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ojczyk, Cindy; Mosiman, Garrett; Huelman, Pat; Schirber, Tom; Yost, Peter; Murry, Tessa

    2013-04-01

    The development of an alternative method to interior-applied insulation strategies or exterior applied “band-aids” such as heat tapes and ice belts may help reduce energy needs of millions of 1-1/2 story homes while reducing the risk of ice dam formation. A potential strategy for energy improvement of the roof is borrowed from new construction best practices: Here an “overcoat” of a continuous air, moisture, and thermal barrier is applied on the outside of the roof structure for improved overall performance. The continuous insulation of this approach facilitates a reduction in thermal bridging which could further reduce energy consumption and bring existing homes closer to meeting the Building America goals for energy reduction. Research favors an exterior approach to deep energy retrofits and ice dam prevention in existing homes. The greatest amount of research focuses on whole house deep energy retrofits leaving a void in roof-only applications. The research is also void of data supporting the hygrothermal performance, durability, constructability, and cost of roof-only exterior overcoat strategies. Yet, contractors interviewed for this report indicate an understanding that exterior approaches are most promising for mitigating ice dams and energy loss and are able to sell these strategies to homeowners.

  20. Planipes: Mobile Foot Pressure Analysis Samuel Pfaffen, Philipp Sommer, Christian Stocker, Roger Wattenhofer, and Samuel Welten

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Planipes: Mobile Foot Pressure Analysis Samuel Pfaffen, Philipp Sommer, Christian Stocker, Roger, sommer, chstocke, wattenhofer, welten}@tik.ee.ethz.ch Abstract Analyzing foot pressure is helpful

  1. Structural and functional biological materials : abalone nacre, sharp materials, and abalone foot adhesion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Albert Yu-Min

    2008-01-01

    Abalone foot, underwater adhesion. Submitted Meyers MA, LinAbalone foot, underwater adhesion. Submitted 5) Meyers MA,to provide molecular adhesion. This is a mechanism which

  2. Field studies of exterior-only applications with fipronil (Termidor SC) for the post-construction control of interior populations of subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waite, Troy David

    2005-02-17

    Thirty-two privately owned structures were treated with a 0.06% exterior and interior, 0.06% exterior-only, or 0.125% exterior-only application of fipronil (Termidor SC®) in order to compare their efficacies in the post-construction control...

  3. The effect of foot conditions on constrained standing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barlow, Jessica Marie

    1996-01-01

    This study was conducted to find any differences in physiological effects, subjective rankings, or discomfort with respect to foot conditions in constrained standing. Eight healthy subjects, four female and four male, ...

  4. Powered Ankle–Foot Prosthesis Improves Walking Metabolic Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Au, Samuel K.

    At moderate to fast walking speeds, the human ankle provides net positive work at high-mechanical-power output to propel the body upward and forward during the stance period. On the contrary, conventional ankle-foot ...

  5. Mag-Foot: a steel bridge inspection robot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asada, Harry

    A legged robot that moves across a steel structure is developed for steel bridge inspection. Powerful permanent magnets imbedded in each foot allow the robot to hang from a steel ceiling powerlessly. Although the magnets ...

  6. Electronic detection of molecules on the exterior and molecular transport through the interior of single walled carbon nanotubes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Chang Young

    2010-01-01

    Single walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) are unique materials with high surface to volume ratio and all atoms residing on the surface. Due to their tubular shape both exterior and interior of the SWNT are available for ...

  7. 3D FOOT DIGITIZING AND ITS APPLICATION TO FOOTWEAR FITTING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juan, Alfons

    1 3D FOOT DIGITIZING AND ITS APPLICATION TO FOOTWEAR FITTING DIGITALISATION 3D DU PIED ET LEUR and methodological difficulties. The combination of 3D scanning systems with mathematical classification techniques for a given customer. In this paper, a new approach for customized classification (assignment) of comfortable

  8. Dielectric Elastomer Generators for Foot Plantar Pressure Based Energy Scavenging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potkonjak, Miodrag

    . Dielectric Elastomers (DEs) are now gaining notice as low-cost electrostatic transducers with high energy to a need for high energy-density harvesters. DEs are a promising new class of low-cost materials capableDielectric Elastomer Generators for Foot Plantar Pressure Based Energy Scavenging Vishwa Goudar

  9. A scattering theory for the wave equation on Kerr black hole exteriors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mihalis Dafermos; Igor Rodnianski; Yakov Shlapentokh-Rothman

    2014-12-29

    We develop a definitive physical-space scattering theory for the scalar wave equation on Kerr exterior backgrounds in the general subextremal case |a|mapping radiation fields on the past horizon and past null infinity to radiation fields on the future horizon and future null infinity is a bounded operator. The latter allows us to give a time-domain theory of superradiant reflection. The boundedness of the scattering matrix shows in particular that the maximal amplification of solutions associated to ingoing finite-energy wave packets on past null infinity is bounded. On the frequency side, this corresponds to the novel statement that the suitably normalised reflection and transmission coefficients are uniformly bounded independently of the frequency parameters. We further complement this with a demonstration that superradiant reflection indeed amplifies the energy radiated to future null infinity of suitable wave-packets as above. The results make essential use of a refinement of our recent proof [M. Dafermos, I. Rodnianski and Y. Shlapentokh-Rothman, Decay for solutions of the wave equation on Kerr exterior spacetimes III: the full subextremal case |a|maps cannot be defined for the class of finite non-degenerate energy solutions. This is due to the fact that the celebrated horizon red-shift effect acts as a blue-shift instability when solving the wave equation backwards.

  10. Exterior Rigid Foam Insulation at the Edge of a Slab Foundation, Fresno, California (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-10-01

    Exterior rigid foam insulation at the edge of the slab foundation was a unique feature for this low-load, unoccupied test house in a hot-dry climate and may be more appropriate for climates with higher heating loads. U.S. Department of Energy Building America research team IBACOS worked with National Housing Quality Award winner Wathen-Castanos Hybrid Homes, Inc., to assess the performance of this feature in a single-family detached ranch house with three bedrooms and two full bathrooms constructed on a slab-on-grade foundation in Fresno, California. One challenge during installation of the system was the attachment of the butyl flashing to the open framing. To solve this constructability issue, the team added a nailer to the base of the wall to properly attach and lap the flashing. In this strategy, R-7.5, 1.5-in.-thick extruded polystyrene was installed on the exterior of the slab for a modeled savings of 4,500 Btu/h on the heating load.

  11. Technology Solutions Case Study: Stud Walls with Continuous Exterior Insulation for Factory Built Housing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-01-01

    The Advanced Envelope Research effort will provide factory homebuilders with high performance, cost-effective alternative envelope designs. In the near term, these technologies will play a central role in meeting stringent energy code requirements. For manufactured homes, the thermal requirements, last updated by statute in 1994, will move up to the more rigorous IECC 2012 levels in 2013, the requirements of which are consistent with site built and modular housing. This places added urgency on identifying envelope technologies that the industry can implement in the short timeframe. The primary goal of this research is to develop wall designs that meet the thermal requirements based on 2012 IECC standards. Given the affordable nature of manufactured homes, impact on first cost is a major consideration in developing the new envelope technologies. This work is part of a four-phase, multi-year effort. Phase 1 identified seven envelope technologies and provided a preliminary assessment of three selected methods for building high performance wall systems. Phase 2 focused on the development of viable product designs, manufacturing strategies, addressing code and structural issues, and cost analysis of the three selected options. An industry advisory committee helped critique and select the most viable solution to move further in the research — stud walls with continuous exterior insulation. Phase 3, the subject of the current report, focused on the design development of the selected wall concept and explored variations on the use of exterior foam insulation. The scope also included material selection, manufacturing and cost analysis, and prototyping and testing.

  12. Realistic exact solution for the exterior field of a rotating neutron star

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pachon, Leonardo A.; Rueda, Jorge A.; Sanabria-Gomez, Jose D.

    2006-05-15

    A new six-parametric, axisymmetric, and asymptotically flat exact solution of Einstein-Maxwell field equations having reflection symmetry is presented. It has arbitrary physical parameters of mass, angular momentum, mass-quadrupole moment, current octupole moment, electric charge, and magnetic dipole, so it can represent the exterior field of a rotating, deformed, magnetized, and charged object; some properties of the closed-form analytic solution such as its multipolar structure, electromagnetic fields, and singularities are also presented. In the vacuum case, this analytic solution is matched to some numerical interior solutions representing neutron stars, calculated by Berti and Stergioulas [E. Berti and N. Stergioulas, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 350, 1416 (2004)], imposing that the multipole moments be the same. As an independent test of accuracy of the solution to describe exterior fields of neutron stars, we present an extensive comparison of the radii of innermost stable circular orbits (ISCOs) obtained from the Berti and Stergioulas numerical solutions, the Kerr solution [R. P. Kerr, Phys. Rev. Lett. 11, 237 (1963)], the Hartle and Thorne solution [J. B. Hartle and K. S. Thorne, Astrophys. J. 153, 807 (1968)], an analytic series expansion derived by Shibata and Sasaki [M. Shibata and M. Sasaki, Phys. Rev. D 58, 104011 (1998)], and our exact solution. We found that radii of ISCOs from our solution fits better than others with realistic numerical interior solutions.

  13. Technology Solutions Case Study: Cladding Attachment Over Thick Exterior Insulating Sheathing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-11-01

    The addition of insulation to the exterior of buildings is an effective means of increasing the thermal resistance of wood-framed walls and mass masonry wall assemblies. Insulation on the exterior of the structure has many direct benefits, including better effective R-value from reduced thermal bridging, better condensation resistance, reduced thermal stress on the structure, as well as other commonly associated improvements such as increased airtightness and improved water management. Although the approach has proven effective, there is resistance to its widespread implementation due to a lack of research and understanding of the mechanisms involved in the development of the vertical displacement resistance capacity. In addition, the long-term in-service performance of the system has been questioned due to potential creep effects of the assembly under the sustained dead load of the cladding and effects of varying environmental conditions. In addition, the current International Building Code (IBC) and International Residential Code (IRC) do not have a provision that specifically allows this assembly. In this project, researchers from Building Science Corporation, a Building America team, investigated these issues to better understand the mechanics behind this method of cladding attachment

  14. Effects of different restrained foot positions on hand force exertion capability-implications for microgravity operations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whalen, Scott Allan

    1997-01-01

    ). With the feet immobilized to simulated the actual boundary conditions of a Portable Foot Restraint (PFR), participants performed a series of static push, pull, and lateral exertions. These exertions were performed in each of three experimental foot positions...

  15. An Ankle-Foot Emulation System for the Study of Human Walking Biomechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herr, Hugh

    An Ankle-Foot Emulation System for the Study of Human Walking Biomechanics Samuel K. Au Peter. A lack of understanding of the ankle-foot biomechanics and the dynamic interaction between an amputee. In this paper, we present a novel ankle-foot emulator system for the study of human walking biomechanics

  16. Status Assessment of Laysan and Black-Footed Albatrosses, North Pacific Ocean, 19232005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    of Laysan and black-footed albatrosses. Photograph taken by Eric VanderWerf, Pacific Rim Conservation. #12Status Assessment of Laysan and Black-Footed Albatrosses, North Pacific Ocean, 1923­2005 Scientific;Status Assessment of Laysan and Black-Footed Albatrosses, North Pacific Ocean, 1923­2005 By Javier A

  17. Discrete Calderon's projections on parallelepipeds and their application to computing exterior magnetic fields for FRC plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kansa, E., E-mail: edwardjkansa@netzero.com [Computational Sciences, LLC, 8000 Madison Blvd., Madison, AL 35758-2035 (United States); Shumlak, U., E-mail: shumlak@uw.edu [Computational Sciences, LLC, 8000 Madison Blvd., Madison, AL 35758-2035 (United States); Aerospace and Energetics Research Program, University of Washington, Box 352250, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Tsynkov, S., E-mail: tsynkov@math.ncsu.edu [Computational Sciences, LLC, 8000 Madison Blvd., Madison, AL 35758-2035 (United States); Department of Mathematics, North Carolina State University, Box 8205, Raleigh, NC 27695 (United States)

    2013-02-01

    Confining dense plasma in a field reversed configuration (FRC) is considered a promising approach to fusion. Numerical simulation of this process requires setting artificial boundary conditions (ABCs) for the magnetic field because whereas the plasma itself occupies a bounded region (within the FRC coils), the field extends from this region all the way to infinity. If the plasma is modeled using single fluid magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), then the exterior magnetic field can be considered quasi-static. This field has a scalar potential governed by the Laplace equation. The quasi-static ABC for the magnetic field is obtained using the method of difference potentials, in the form of a discrete Calderon boundary equation with projection on the artificial boundary shaped as a parallelepiped. The Calderon projection itself is computed by convolution with the discrete fundamental solution on the three-dimensional Cartesian grid.

  18. A survey of spatially distributed exterior dust lead loadings in New York City

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caravanos, Jack; Weiss, Arlene L.; Blaise, Marc J.; Jaeger, Rudolph J. . E-mail: jaegerr@envmed.com

    2006-02-15

    This work documents ambient lead dust deposition values (lead loading) for the boroughs of New York City in 2003-2004. Currently, no regulatory standards exist for exterior concentrations of lead in settled dust. This is in contrast to the clearance and risk assessment standards that exist for interior residential dust. The reported potential for neurobehavioral toxicity and adverse cognitive development in children due to lead exposure prompts public health concerns about undocumented lead sources. Such sources may include settled dust of outdoor origin. Dust sampling throughout the five boroughs of NYC was done from the top horizontal portion of pedestrian traffic control signals (PTCS) at selected street intersections along main thoroughfares. The data (n=214 samples) show that lead in dust varies within each borough with Brooklyn having the highest median concentration (730{mu}g/ft{sup 2}), followed in descending order by Staten Island (452{mu}g/ft{sup 2}), the Bronx (382{mu}g/ft{sup 2}), Queens (198{mu}g/ft{sup 2}) and finally, Manhattan (175{mu}g/ft{sup 2}). When compared to the HUD/EPA indoor lead in dust standard of 40{mu}g/ft{sup 2}, our data show that this value is exceeded in 86% of the samples taken. An effort was made to determine the source of the lead in the dust atop of the PTCS. The lead in the dust and the yellow signage paint (which contains lead) were compared using isotopic ratio analysis. Results showed that the lead-based paint chip samples from intact signage did not isotopically match the dust wipe samples taken from the same surface. We know that exterior dust containing lead contributes to interior dust lead loading. Therefore, settled leaded dust in the outdoor environment poses a risk for lead exposure to children living in urban areas, namely, areas with elevated childhood blood lead levels and background lead dust levels from a variety of unidentified sources.

  19. Problem of Vain Energy Consumption in a VAV Air Conditioning System Shared By an Inner Zone and Exterior Zone 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wenji, G.; Ling, C.; Dongdong, L.; Mei, S.; Li, Z.

    2006-01-01

    in winter and summer. Taking a practical project as example, this paper analyzes the energy consumption of a VAV air conditioning system that is shared by inner zone and exterior zone. The paper also points out the serious problem of useless energy...

  20. Building America Case Study: Initial and Long-Term Movement of Cladding Installed Over Exterior Rigid Insulation (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-10-01

    Changes in the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) from 2009 to 2012 have resulted in the use of exterior rigid insulation becoming part of the prescriptive code requirements. With more jurisdictions adopting the 2012 IECC builders are going to finding themselves required to incorporate exterior insulation in the construction of their exterior wall assemblies. For thick layers of exterior insulation (levels greater than 1.5 inches), the use wood furring strips attached through the insulation back to the structure has been used by many contractors and designers as a means to provide a convenient cladding attachment location. However, there has been a significant resistance to its widespread implementation due to a lack of research and understanding of the mechanisms involved and potential creep effects of the assembly under the sustained dead load of a cladding. This research was an extension on previous research conducted by BSC in 2011, and 2012. Each year the understanding of the system discrete load component interactions, as well as impacts of environmental loading has increased. The focus of the research was to examine more closely the impacts of screw fastener bending on the total system capacity, effects of thermal expansion and contraction of materials on the compressive forces in the assembly, as well as to analyze a full years worth of cladding movement data from assemblies constructed in an exposed outdoor environment.

  1. Project Overcoat - An Exploration of Exterior Insulation Strategies for 1-1/2-Story Roof Applications in Cold Climates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ojczyk, C.; Mosiman, G.; Huelman, P.; Schirber, T.; Yost, P.; Murry, T.

    2013-04-01

    The development of an alternative method to interior-applied insulation strategies or exterior applied 'band-aids' such as heat tapes and ice belts may help reduce energy needs of millions of 1-1/2 story homes while reducing the risk of ice dam formation. A potential strategy for energy improvement of the roof is borrowed from new construction best practices: Here an 'overcoat' of a continuous air, moisture, and thermal barrier is applied on the outside of the roof structure for improved overall performance. The continuous insulation of this approach facilitates a reduction in thermal bridging which could further reduce energy consumption and bring existing homes closer to meeting the Building America goals for energy reduction. Research favors an exterior approach to deep energy retrofits and ice dam prevention in existing homes. The greatest amount of research focuses on whole house deep energy retrofits leaving a void in roof-only applications. The research is also void of data supporting the hygrothermal performance, durability, constructability, and cost of roof-only exterior overcoat strategies. Yet, contractors interviewed for this report indicate an understanding that exterior approaches are most promising for mitigating ice dams and energy loss and are able to sell these strategies to homeowners.

  2. Airborne spread of foot-and-mouth disease - model intercomparison

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gloster, J; Jones, A; Redington, A; Burgin, L; Sorensen, J H; Turner, R; Dillon, M; Hullinger, P; Simpson, M; Astrup, P; Garner, G; Stewart, P; D'Amours, R; Sellers, R; Paton, D

    2008-09-04

    Foot-and-mouth disease is a highly infectious vesicular disease of cloven-hoofed animals caused by foot-and-mouth disease virus. It spreads by direct contact between animals, by animal products (milk, meat and semen), by mechanical transfer on people or fomites and by the airborne route - with the relative importance of each mechanism depending on the particular outbreak characteristics. Over the years a number of workers have developed or adapted atmospheric dispersion models to assess the risk of foot-and-mouth disease virus spread through the air. Six of these models were compared at a workshop hosted by the Institute for Animal Health/Met Office during 2008. A number of key issues emerged from the workshop and subsequent modelling work: (1) in general all of the models predicted similar directions for 'at risk' livestock with much of the remaining differences strongly related to differences in the meteorological data used; (2) determination of an accurate sequence of events is highly important, especially if the meteorological conditions vary substantially during the virus emission period; and (3) differences in assumptions made about virus release, environmental fate, and subsequent infection can substantially modify the size and location of the downwind risk area. Close relationships have now been established between participants, which in the event of an outbreak of disease could be readily activated to supply advice or modelling support.

  3. Prediction of sinkage depth of footings on soft marine sediments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yen, Shihchieh

    1990-01-01

    91. 0 91. 0 91. 2 90. 9 90. 9 90. 9 90. 4 90. 6 90. 3 90. 8 91. 5 91. 4 91. 0 91. 3 Su was determined by a miniature vane rotating at 0. 0143 radians per second 30 Table 4. Soil Properties for 4-inch Diameter Footing Tests V/B Dia.... 7 0. 008 105. 7 34. 7 90. 9 103. 9 40. 0 91. 3 * Su was determined by a miniature vane rotating at 0. 0143 radians per second. one of these tests is shown in Figure 12. In comparison to the dead weight test results (Figure 13), the load versus...

  4. A study conducted on laterally loaded cylindrical footings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koch, Kenneth Joseph

    1968-01-01

    studies have also been used to analyze the resistance (g) to overturning. R. C. Rutledge developed a nomograph that can be used to find the depth of embedment necessary to withstand applied loads. The chart is based on the results of a series of full... as compared to the diameters of concrete footings of comparable depth. Full-scale test results have also been reported by F. E. Behn( and by Nelson, Nahoney and Fryrear 10) Theory by Reese L. C. Reese studied the ultimate resistance againsr. a rigid (11...

  5. Bonding exterior grade structural panels with copolymer resins of biomass residue components, phenol, and formaldehyde

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, C.M. [Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States)

    1993-12-31

    Components of various forest and agricultural residue biomass-including the polyphenolic compounds-were converted into aqueous solution and/or suspension by extraction and digestion. Some biomass components reacted vigorously under alkaline catalysis with formaldehyde and initially showed a high degree of exothermic reaction; however, other components did not react as vigorously under these conditions, indicating that different biomass materials require different methods to obtain optimum reactivity for the copolymerization with phenol. Our primary goal is to develop adhesives capable of producing acceptable bond quality, as determined by the wood products industries` standards, under a reasonable range of gluing conditions. Copolymer resins of phenol, formaldehyde, and biomass components were synthesized and evaluated for gluability of bonding exterior grade structural replaced with chemicals derived from peanut hulls, pecan shell flour, pecan pith, southern pine bark, and pine needle required shorter press times. These resins also tolerated a broader range of gluing conditions. In summary, it appears that the technology of the fast curing copolymer resins of biomass components as adhesives for wood products has been developed and is ready to be transferred to industrial practice.

  6. Study of predominant hadronic modes of $?$-lepton using a Monte Carlo generator TAUOLA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. Shekhovtsova

    2015-08-22

    TAUOLA is a Monte Carlo generator dedicated to generating tau-lepton decays and it is used in the analysis of experimental data both at B-factories and LHC. TAUOLA is a long-term project that started in the 90's and has been under development up to now. In this note we discuss the status of the predominant hadronic tau-lepton decays into two ($Br \\simeq 25.52\\%$) and three pions ($Br \\simeq 18.67\\%$).

  7. Hybrid method (JM-ECS) combining the J-matrix and exterior complex scaling methods for scattering calculations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vanroose, W.; Broeckhove, J.; Arickx, F.; Vasilevsky, V.

    2010-12-15

    The paper proposes a hybrid method for calculating scattering processes. It combines the J-matrix method with exterior complex scaling and an absorbing boundary condition. The wave function is represented as a finite sum of oscillator eigenstates in the inner region, and it is discretized on a grid in the outer region. The method is validated for a one- and a two-dimensional model with partial wave equations and a calculation of p-shell nuclear scattering with semirealistic interactions.

  8. Symmetrized complex amplitudes for He double photoionization from the time-dependent close coupling and exterior complex scaling methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horner, D.A.; Colgan, J.; Martin, F.; McCurdy, C.W.; Pindzola, M.S.; Rescigno, T.N.

    2004-06-01

    Symmetrized complex amplitudes for the double photoionization of helium are computed by the time-dependent close-coupling and exterior complex scaling methods, and it is demonstrated that both methods are capable of the direct calculation of these amplitudes. The results are found to be in excellent agreement with each other and in very good agreement with results of other ab initio methods and experiment.

  9. Building America Case Study: Excavationless Exterior-Side Foundation Insulation for Existing Homes, Minneapolis, Minnesota (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NorthernSTAR

    2014-09-01

    Building science research supports installing exterior (soil side) foundation insulation as the optimal method to enhance the hygrothermal performance of new homes. With exterior foundation insulation, water management strategies are maximized while insulating the basement space and ensuring a more even temperature at the foundation wall. However, such an approach can be very costly and disruptive when applied to an existing home, requiring deep excavation around the entire house. The NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership team implemented an innovative, minimally invasive foundation insulation upgrade technique on an existing home. The approach consisted of using hydrovac excavation technology combined with a liquid insulating foam. The team was able to excavate a continuous 4" wide by 4' to 5' deep trench around the entire house, 128 linear feet, except for one small part under the stoop that was obstructed with concrete debris. The combination pressure washer and vacuum extraction technology also enabled the elimination of large trenches and soil stockpiles normally produced by backhoe excavation. The resulting trench was filled with liquid insulating foam, which also served as a water-control layer of the assembly. The insulation was brought above grade using a liquid foam/rigid foam hybrid system and terminated at the top of the rim joist. Cost savings over the traditional excavation process ranged from 23% to 50%. The excavationless process could result in even greater savings since replacement of building structures, exterior features, utility meters, and landscaping would be minimal or non-existent in an excavationless process.

  10. The effect of ankle foot orthosis stiffness on the energy cost of walking: A simulation study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Steven H.

    The effect of ankle foot orthosis stiffness on the energy cost of walking: A simulation study D by weakness of the plantar-flexor muscles. To enhance ankle push-off and to decrease the high energy cost on the amount of energy stored in the Ankle Foot Orthosis and the energy cost of walking. Methods: We developed

  11. Summary report on four foot septifoil cooling experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Randolph, H.W.; Collins, S.L.; Verebelyi, D.T.; Foti, D.J.

    1991-10-01

    Cooling parameters for some of the SRS reactor internal components are computed using the Transient Reactor Analysis Code, TRAC.'' In order to benchmark the code, the Safety Analysis Group of SRL requested an experiment to provide measurements of cooling parameters in a well defined physical system utilizing SRS reactor component(s). The experiment selected included a short length of septifoil with both top and bottom fittings containing five simulated control rods in an unseated'' configuration. Power level to be supplied to the rods was targeted at 2.5 kilowatts per foot. The septifoil segment was to be operated with no forced flow in order to evaluate thermal-hydraulic cooling. Parameters to be measured for comparison with code predictions were basic cooling phenomena, incidence of film boiling, thermal-hydraulic flow rate, pressure rise, and ratio of heat transfer through the wall of the assembly vs heat transfer to axial water flow through the assembly. Experimental apparatus was designed and assembled incorporating five simulated control rods four feet long, joule heated inside a five foot length of type Q'' septifoil. Water at 70 C was fed independently to the bottom inlet and along the outside of the septifoil. Water flowing along the outside of the septifoil was in confined flow and provided calorimetry to measure power flow through the septifoil housing. A shadowgraph technique was developed and used to monitor unforced flow of water pumped thermal-hydraulically through the septifoil. Electrical power of 10,000 to 70,000 watts was fed to the simulated rods from a dc power supply. Computer data acquisition was accomplished using LabView'' software programmed to match the configuration of the experiment along with scanning digital voltmeters and requisite signal sensors. Video camcorders were used to provide video records of six areas of the experiment.

  12. Summary report on four foot septifoil cooling experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Randolph, H.W.; Collins, S.L.; Verebelyi, D.T.; Foti, D.J.

    1991-10-01

    Cooling parameters for some of the SRS reactor internal components are computed using the Transient Reactor Analysis Code, ``TRAC.`` In order to benchmark the code, the Safety Analysis Group of SRL requested an experiment to provide measurements of cooling parameters in a well defined physical system utilizing SRS reactor component(s). The experiment selected included a short length of septifoil with both top and bottom fittings containing five simulated control rods in an ``unseated`` configuration. Power level to be supplied to the rods was targeted at 2.5 kilowatts per foot. The septifoil segment was to be operated with no forced flow in order to evaluate thermal-hydraulic cooling. Parameters to be measured for comparison with code predictions were basic cooling phenomena, incidence of film boiling, thermal-hydraulic flow rate, pressure rise, and ratio of heat transfer through the wall of the assembly vs heat transfer to axial water flow through the assembly. Experimental apparatus was designed and assembled incorporating five simulated control rods four feet long, joule heated inside a five foot length of type ``Q`` septifoil. Water at 70 C was fed independently to the bottom inlet and along the outside of the septifoil. Water flowing along the outside of the septifoil was in confined flow and provided calorimetry to measure power flow through the septifoil housing. A shadowgraph technique was developed and used to monitor unforced flow of water pumped thermal-hydraulically through the septifoil. Electrical power of 10,000 to 70,000 watts was fed to the simulated rods from a dc power supply. Computer data acquisition was accomplished using ``LabView`` software programmed to match the configuration of the experiment along with scanning digital voltmeters and requisite signal sensors. Video camcorders were used to provide video records of six areas of the experiment.

  13. Candidate Cell and Matrix Interaction Domains on the Collagen Fibril, the Predominant Protein of Vertebrates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sweeney, Shawn M.; Orgel, Joseph P.; Fertala, Andrzej; McAuliffe, Jon D.; Turner, Kevin R.; Di Lullo, Gloria A.; Chen, Steven; Antipova, Olga; Perumal, Shiamalee; Ala-Kokko, Leena; Forlinoi, Antonella; Cabral, Wayne A.; Barnes, Aileen M.; Marini, Joan C.; San Antonio, James D.

    2008-07-18

    Type I collagen, the predominant protein of vertebrates, polymerizes with type III and V collagens and non-collagenous molecules into large cable-like fibrils, yet how the fibril interacts with cells and other binding partners remains poorly understood. To help reveal insights into the collagen structure-function relationship, a data base was assembled including hundreds of type I collagen ligand binding sites and mutations on a two-dimensional model of the fibril. Visual examination of the distribution of functional sites, and statistical analysis of mutation distributions on the fibril suggest it is organized into two domains. The 'cell interaction domain' is proposed to regulate dynamic aspects of collagen biology, including integrin-mediated cell interactions and fibril remodeling. The 'matrix interaction domain' may assume a structural role, mediating collagen cross-linking, proteoglycan interactions, and tissue mineralization. Molecular modeling was used to superimpose the positions of functional sites and mutations from the two-dimensional fibril map onto a three-dimensional x-ray diffraction structure of the collagen microfibril in situ, indicating the existence of domains in the native fibril. Sequence searches revealed that major fibril domain elements are conserved in type I collagens through evolution and in the type II/XI collagen fibril predominant in cartilage. Moreover, the fibril domain model provides potential insights into the genotype-phenotype relationship for several classes of human connective tissue diseases, mechanisms of integrin clustering by fibrils, the polarity of fibril assembly, heterotypic fibril function, and connective tissue pathology in diabetes and aging.

  14. New Whole-House Solutions Case Study: Exterior Rigid Foam Insulation at the Edge of a Slab Foundation, Fresno, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-10-01

    Exterior rigid foam insulation at the edge of the slab foundation was a unique feature for this low-load, unoccupied test house in a hot-dry climate and may be more appropriate for climates with higher heating loads. U.S. Department of Energy Building America research team IBACOS worked with National Housing Quality Award winner Wathen-Castanos Hybrid Homes, Inc., to assess the performance of this feature in a single-family detached ranch house with three bedrooms and two full bathrooms constructed on a slab-on-grade foundation in Fresno, California. One challenge during installation of the system was the attachment of the butyl flashing to the open framing. To solve this constructability issue, the team added a nailer to the base of the wall to properly attach and lap the flashing. In this strategy, R-7.5, 1.5-in.-thick extruded polystyrene was installed on the exterior of the slab for a modeled savings of 4,500 Btu/h on the heating load.

  15. Air-conditioning electricity savings and demand reductions from exterior masonry wall insulation applied to Arizona residences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ternes, M.P.; Wilkes, K.E.

    1993-06-01

    A field test involving eight single-family houses was performed during the summer of 1991 in Scottsdale, Arizona to evaluate the potential of reducing air-conditioning electricity consumption and demand by insulating their exterior masonry walls. Total per house costs to perform the installations ranged from $3610 to $4550. The average annual savings was estimated to be 491 kWh, or 9% of pre-retrofit consumption. Peak demands without and with insulation on the hottest day of an average weather year for Phoenix were estimated to be 4.26 and 3.61 kill, for a demand reduction of 0.65 kill (15%). We conclude that exterior masonry wall insulation reduces air-conditioning electricity consumption and peak demand in hot, dry climates similar to that of Phoenix. Peak demand reductions are a primary benefit, making the retrofit worthy of consideration in electric utility conservation programs. Economics can be attractive from a consumer viewpoint if considered within a renovation or home improvement program.

  16. Air-conditioning electricity savings and demand reductions from exterior masonry wall insulation applied to Arizona residences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ternes, M.P.; Wilkes, K.E.

    1993-01-01

    A field test involving eight single-family houses was performed during the summer of 1991 in Scottsdale, Arizona to evaluate the potential of reducing air-conditioning electricity consumption and demand by insulating their exterior masonry walls. Total per house costs to perform the installations ranged from $3610 to $4550. The average annual savings was estimated to be 491 kWh, or 9% of pre-retrofit consumption. Peak demands without and with insulation on the hottest day of an average weather year for Phoenix were estimated to be 4.26 and 3.61 kill, for a demand reduction of 0.65 kill (15%). We conclude that exterior masonry wall insulation reduces air-conditioning electricity consumption and peak demand in hot, dry climates similar to that of Phoenix. Peak demand reductions are a primary benefit, making the retrofit worthy of consideration in electric utility conservation programs. Economics can be attractive from a consumer viewpoint if considered within a renovation or home improvement program.

  17. Negotiating Worlds, Managing Subjectivities, and Redefining Selves: The Lived Experiences of African American Undergraduate Females at Predominately White Institutions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Ayana Ma-El

    2011-02-22

    A narrative analysis of the lived experiences of seven undergraduate African American females at Predominately White Institutions (PWIs) is presented in this study. The purpose of the study was to explore the ways the ...

  18. Powered ankle-foot prosthesis for the improvement of amputee walking economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Au, Samuel Kwok-Wai

    2007-01-01

    The human ankle provides a significant amount of net positive work during the stance period of walking, especially at moderate to fast walking speeds. On the contrary, conventional ankle-foot prostheses are completely ...

  19. A study of factors affecting foot movement time in a braking maneuver 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berman, Andrea Helene

    1994-01-01

    The nature of foot movement time (MT) in an actual braking maneuver and in a stationary vehicle was investigated regarding the effects of age and gender of the driver and nature of the stimulus to which the driver was ...

  20. Forty-Six-Foot Tall Needle Sculpture Rises Over Arts Quad > EMC2...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A 46-foot tall blue, needle-shaped sculpture. The structure - tilted "A Needle Woman: Galaxy was a Memory, Earth is a Souvenir" - is part of Cornell's Council for the Arts'...

  1. Visual Comfort Analysis of Innovative Interior and Exterior Shading Systems for Commercial Buildings using High Resolution Luminance Images

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Konis, Kyle; Lee, Eleanor; Clear, Robert

    2011-01-11

    The objective of this study was to explore how calibrated high dynamic range (HDR) images (luminance maps) acquired in real world daylit environments can be used to characterize, evaluate, and compare visual comfort conditions of innovative facade shading and light-redirecting systems. Detailed (1536 x 1536 pixel) luminance maps were time-lapse acquired from two view positions in an unoccupied full scale testbed facility. These maps were analyzed using existing visual comfort metrics to quantify how innovative interior and exterior shading systems compare to conventional systems under real sun and sky conditions over a solstice-to-solstice test interval. The results provide a case study in the challenges and potential of methods of visualizing, evaluating and summarizing daily and seasonal variation of visual comfort conditions computed from large sets of image data.

  2. The influence of energy storage and return foot stiffness on walking mechanics and muscle activity in below-knee amputees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The influence of energy storage and return foot stiffness on walking mechanics and muscle activity feet have been developed to minimize these asymmetries by utilizing elastic energy storage and return the influence of foot stiffness on kinematics, kinetics, muscle activity, prosthetic energy storage and return

  3. Driving Low-Power Wearable Systems with an Adaptively-Controlled Foot-Strike Scavenging Platform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potkonjak, Miodrag

    with an ambient source of energy in mobile contexts. The hu- man body offers a myriad of sources to parasitically and mass of transducer to produce a given amount of energy. While competing tech- nologies transduce as a means to scavenge energy from foot-strikes and power wearable systems. While they exhibit large energy

  4. Flat-Foot Dynamic Walking via Human-Inspired Controller Design 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Wenlong

    2014-05-05

    This thesis describes a torque control scheme unifying feedback PD control and feed-forward impedance control to realize human-inspired walking on a novel planar footed bipedal robot: AMBER2. It starts with high fidelity modeling of the robot...

  5. Shape&Roll Foot Jr. Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center for Prosthetics and Orthotics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chisholm, Rex L.

    Shape&Roll Foot Jr. Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center for Prosthetics and Orthotics on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) of the U.S. Department of Education under Grant No. H133E in Prosthetics and Orthotics, February 28, 2006. Northwestern University Rehabilitation Engineering Research

  6. Interfacing to the Foot: Apparatus and Applications Joseph A. Paradiso, Kai-Yuh Hsiao, Ari Benbasat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with piezoelectric taps at toe and heel, medical applications measured only pressure distributions, athletic footwearInterfacing to the Foot: Apparatus and Applications Joseph A. Paradiso, Kai-Yuh Hsiao, Ari Benbasat, telemetered package) and expressive applications of wearable computing, we have developed the world's most

  7. The high-foot implosion campaign on the National Ignition Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hurricane, O. A., E-mail: hurricane1@llnl.gov; Callahan, D. A.; Casey, D. T.; Dewald, E. L.; Dittrich, T. R.; Döppner, T.; Barrios Garcia, M. A.; Hinkel, D. E.; Berzak Hopkins, L. F.; Kervin, P.; Pape, S. Le; Ma, T.; MacPhee, A. G.; Milovich, J. L.; Moody, J.; Pak, A. E.; Patel, P. K.; Park, H.-S.; Remington, B. A.; Robey, H. F. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); and others

    2014-05-15

    The “High-Foot” platform manipulates the laser pulse-shape coming from the National Ignition Facility laser to create an indirect drive 3-shock implosion that is significantly more robust against instability growth involving the ablator and also modestly reduces implosion convergence ratio. This strategy gives up on theoretical high-gain in an inertial confinement fusion implosion in order to obtain better control of the implosion and bring experimental performance in-line with calculated performance, yet keeps the absolute capsule performance relatively high. In this paper, we will cover the various experimental and theoretical motivations for the high-foot drive as well as cover the experimental results that have come out of the high-foot experimental campaign. At the time of this writing, the high-foot implosion has demonstrated record total deuterium-tritium yields (9.3×10{sup 15}) with low levels of inferred mix, excellent agreement with implosion simulations, fuel energy gains exceeding unity, and evidence for the “bootstrapping” associated with alpha-particle self-heating.

  8. RECORDING THE REGION OF INTEREST FROM FLYCAM PANORAMIC VIDEO Xinding Sun*, Jonathan Foote+

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    RECORDING THE REGION OF INTEREST FROM FLYCAM PANORAMIC VIDEO Xinding Sun*, Jonathan Foote+ , Don tracking and recording video is presented. The proposed method is based on the FlyCam system [4], which stationary cameras. The method integrates tracking and recording processes, and targets applications

  9. The effect of bot fly larvae on reproduction in white-footed mice, Peromyscus leucopus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timm, Robert M.; Cook, Edwin F.

    1979-01-01

    The effect of bot fly larvae on reproduction in white-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus noveboracensis) was determined from a sample of 1050 mice that were snap-trapped over a 2-year period in E-central Minnesota. Bot fly larvae (Cuterebra...

  10. Cooling energy performance and installation of a retrofitted exterior insulation and finish system on masonry residences in the southwestern United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ternes, M.P.; Wilkes, K.E.; McLain, H.A.

    1992-12-31

    A field test involving eight single-family houses was performed during the summer of 1991 in Scottsdale, Arizona to evaluate the potential of reducing air-conditioning electricity consumption and demand by insulating their exterior masonry walls using a site-fabricated (non-commercially available) insulation and finish system. The exterior insulation system developed for the field test was easily performed and should result in a durable installation. Total per house costs to perform the installations ranged from $3610 to $4550. The average annual savings was estimated to be 491 kWh, or 9% of pre-retrofit consumption. Peak demands without and with insulation on the hottest day of an average weather year for Phoenix were estimated to be 4.26 and 3.61 kill, for a demand reduction of 0.65 kill (15%). We conclude that exterior masonry wall insulation offers the greatest potential for air-conditioning electricity savings and peak demand reductions in hot, dry climates similar to that of Phoenix. Retrofit economics need to be thoroughly examined from societal, utility, and consumer perspectives and must consider other benefits such as space-heating energy savings and improved house value.

  11. IMPEE PhD Opportunity Project title: LightFoot PhD A PhD Investigation Lightning Protection of HV Overhead Lines with Non-Ideal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenaway, Alan

    IMPEE PhD Opportunity Project title: LightFoot PhD ­ A PhD Investigation Lightning Protection of HV.swingler@hw.ac.uk Abstract LightFoot PhD ­ A PhD Investigation Lightning Protection of HV Overhead Lines with Non-Ideal Tower Footing Resistance funded by SSE. The LightFoot PhD project takes a fresh approach at adding

  12. Active exterior cloaking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-06-18

    Jun 18, 2012 ... Passive Interior. • Transformation based cloaking: Leonhardt; Cummer, Pendry,. Schurig, Smith; Greenleaf, Kurylev, Lassas, Uhlmann; Farhat,.

  13. Interactions of foot-and-mouth disease virus with cells in organised lymphoid tissue influence innate and adaptive immune responses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juleff, Nicholas Dylan

    2009-01-01

    Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is one of the most contagious viruses of animals and is recognised as the most important constraint to international trade in animals and animal products. Two fundamental problems remain ...

  14. Journal of Biomedical Optics 16(2), 026009 (February 2011) Assessing diabetic foot ulcer development risk with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilon, Laurent

    Journal of Biomedical Optics 16(2), 026009 (February 2011) Assessing diabetic foot ulcer Science Biomedical Inter-Department Program, Los Angeles, California 90095-1597 bUCLA/Olive View Medical

  15. Strategies for using electromyographic signals to control ankle torque in an active joint brace for alleviating drop-foot gait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Elizabeth C

    2006-01-01

    This thesis describes the efforts to develop control strategies that use EMG signals from the anterior tibialis muscle to control ankle torque in an active ankle-foot orthosis. This would ultimately help rehabilitate persons ...

  16. Stabilizing a solution of the 2D Navier-Stokes system in the exterior of a bounded domain by means of a control on the boundary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gorshkov, Aleksei V [M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2012-09-30

    The problem of stabilizing a solution of the 2D Navier-Stokes system defined in the exterior of a bounded domain with smooth boundary is investigated. For a given initial velocity field a control on the boundary of the domain must be constructed such that the solution stabilizes to a prescribed vortex solution or trivial solution at the rate of 1/t{sup k}. On the way, related questions are investigated, concerning the behaviour of the spectrum of an operator under a relatively compact perturbation and the existence of attracting invariant manifolds. Bibliography: 21 titles.

  17. Steady-state axial pressure losses along the exterior of deformed fuel cladding: Multirod Burst Test (MRBT) bundles B-1 and B-2. [PWR; BWR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mincey, J.F.

    1980-01-01

    The experimental and COBRA-IV computational data presented in this report confirm that increased pressure losses, induced by the steady-state axial flow of water exterior to deformed Multirod Burst Test (MRBT) bundles B-1 and B-2, may be closely predicted using a bundle-averaged approach for describing flow channel restrictions. One anomaly that was encountered using this technique occurred while modeling the B-2 flow test data near a severe channel restriction: the COBRA-IV results tended to underestimate experimental pressure losses.

  18. Foot Bridge 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    The objective of this thesis is to determine fatigue stresses in the stringer to floor beam connections of through plate girder (TPG) and through truss (TT) bridges in order to predict failure. Field observations by the Association of American...

  19. Stud Walls With Continuous Exterior Insulation for Factory Built Housing: New York, New York (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-01-01

    The Advanced Envelope Research effort will provide factory homebuilders with high performance, cost-effective alternative envelope designs. In the near term, these technologies will play a central role in meeting stringent energy code requirements. For manufactured homes, the thermal requirements, last updated by statute in 1994, will move up to the more rigorous IECC 2012 levels in 2013, the requirements of which are consistent with site built and modular housing. This places added urgency on identifying envelope technologies that the industry can implement in the short timeframe. The primary goal of this research is to develop wall designs that meet the thermal requirements based on 2012 IECC standards. Given the affordable nature of manufactured homes, impact on first cost is a major consideration in developing the new envelope technologies. This work is part of a four-phase, multi-year effort. Phase 1 identified seven envelope technologies and provided a preliminary assessment of three selected methods for building high performance wall systems. Phase 2 focused on the development of viable product designs, manufacturing strategies, addressing code and structural issues, and cost analysis of the three selected options. An industry advisory committee helped critique and select the most viable solution to move further in the research - stud walls with continuous exterior insulation. Phase 3, the subject of the current report, focused on the design development of the selected wall concept and explored variations on the use of exterior foam insulation. The scope also included material selection, manufacturing and cost analysis, and prototyping and testing.

  20. Three-Dimensional Rotational Angiography of the Foot in Critical Limb Ischemia: A New Dimension in Revascularization Strategy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jens, Sjoerd; Lucatelli, Pierleone; Koelemay, Mark J. W.; Marquering, Henk A. Reekers, Jim A.

    2013-06-15

    Purpose. To evaluate the additional value of three-dimensional rotational angiography (3DRA) of the foot compared with digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). Technique. For 3DRA, the C-arm was placed in the propeller position with the foot in an isocentric position. The patient's unaffected foot was positioned in a footrest outside the field of view. For correct timing of 3DRA, the delay from contrast injection in the popliteal artery at the level of knee joint to complete pedal arterial enhancement was assessed using DSA. With this delay, 3DRA was started after injection of 15 ml contrast. Imaging of the 3DRA could directly be reconstructed and visualized.Materials and MethodsPatients undergoing 3DRA of the foot were prospectively registered. DSA and 3DRA images were scored separately for arterial patency and presence of collaterals. Treatment strategies were proposed based on DSA with and without the availability of 3DRA. Results. Eleven patients underwent 3DRA of the foot. One 3DRA was not included because the acquisition was focused on the heel instead of the entire foot. Diagnostic quality of 3DRA was good in all ten patients. 3DRA compared with DSA showed additional patent arteries in six patients, patent plantar arch in three patients, and collaterals between the pedal arteries in five patients. Additional information from 3DRA resulted in a change of treatment strategy in six patients. Conclusion, 3DRA of the foot contains valuable additional real-time information to better guide peripheral vascular interventions in patients with CLI and nonhealing tissue lesions.

  1. "When you want to give up, you want to give in": Mentoring perceptions of African American women doctoral students at a predominately White institution 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowler, Rhonda Michelle

    2013-08-08

    meaning of their mentoring experiences with at a predominantly White institution (PWI). The research questions to guide this study were: (1) what are the perceptions of faculty mentoring for African American female doctoral students in this HRD program...

  2. Examining the Relationship Between Minority Status Stress, the Social Change Model of Leadership Development, and Persistence of Black Students at Predominantly White Institutions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Lesley-Ann

    2012-10-19

    Minority status stress, which is the stress Black college students experience at predominantly White institutions (PWIs) as a result of their racial minority status, has been found to negatively impact their persistence in college. Two manuscripts...

  3. Targeting CD9 produces stimulus-independent antiangiogenic effects predominantly in activated endothelial cells during angiogenesis: A novel antiangiogenic therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kamisasanuki, Taro; Department of Ophthalmology, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 8-35-1 Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima 890-8544 ; Tokushige, Saori; Terasaki, Hiroto; Department of Ophthalmology, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 8-35-1 Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima 890-8544 ; Khai, Ngin Cin; Wang, Yuqing; Sakamoto, Taiji; Kosai, Ken-ichiro

    2011-09-16

    Highlights: {yields} CD9 plays stimulus-independent roles in angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. {yields} Targeting CD9 expression is effective in an angiogenic disease model. {yields} Targeting CD9 expression predominantly affects activated endothelial cells. {yields} CD9 is involved in endothelial cell proliferation, but not survival. {yields} CD9 is part of angiogenic machinery in endothelial cells during angiogenesis. -- Abstract: The precise roles of tetraspanin CD9 are unclear. Here we show that CD9 plays a stimulus-independent role in angiogenesis and that inhibiting CD9 expression or function is a potential antiangiogenic therapy. Knocking down CD9 expression significantly inhibited in vitro endothelial cell migration and invasion induced by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) or hepatocyte growth factor (HGF). Injecting CD9-specific small interfering RNA (siRNA-CD9) markedly inhibited HGF- or VEGF-induced subconjunctival angiogenesis in vivo. Both results revealed potent and stimulus-independent antiangiogenic effects of targeting CD9. Furthermore, intravitreous injections of siRNA-CD9 or anti-CD9 antibodies were therapeutically effective for laser-induced retinal and choroidal neovascularization in mice, a representative ocular angiogenic disease model. In terms of the mechanism, growth factor receptor and downstream signaling activation were not affected, whereas abnormal localization of integrins and membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase was observed during angiogenesis, by knocking down CD9 expression. Notably, knocking down CD9 expression did not induce death and mildly inhibited proliferation of quiescent endothelial cells under conditions without an angiogenic stimulus. Thus, CD9 does not directly affect growth factor-induced signal transduction, which is required in angiogenesis and normal vasculature, but is part of the angiogenesis machinery in endothelial cells during angiogenesis. In conclusion, targeting CD9 produced stimulus-independent antiangiogenic effects predominantly in activated endothelial cells during angiogenesis, and appears to be an effective and safe antiangiogenic approach. These results shed light on the biological roles of CD9 and may lead to novel antiangiogenic therapies.

  4. Load tests on five large spread footings on sand and evaluation of prediction methods 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibbens, Robert Melvin

    1995-01-01

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cross-Hole Wave Tests. Dilatometer Tests . . Borehole Shear Tests. . Step Blade Tests. 5 9 17 22 28 34 34 39 45 54 56 64 64 LOAD TEST SETUP 3. 1 3. 2 3. 3 3. 4 3. 5 3. 6 General Setup. Spread Footing Construction Reaction Shaft... INVOLVED Mr. Mike Adams Dr. Allan Lutenegger Dr. Don Degroot Buchanan/Soil Mechanics Dr. Derek Morris Mr. Tony Yen Mr. John Del hia PiezoCone Penetration Test Dilatometer Tests Dilatometer Test w/Thrust Measurements Pressuremeter Tests Step...

  5. Foot Drop after Ethanol Embolization of Calf Vascular Malformation: A Lesson on Nerve Injury

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tay, Vincent Khwee-Soon; Mohan, P. Chandra; Liew, Wendy Kein Meng; Mahadev, Arjandas; Tay, Kiang Hiong

    2013-08-01

    Ethanol is often used in sclerotherapy to treat vascular malformations. Nerve injury is a known complication of this procedure. However, the management of this complication is not well described in literature. This case describes a 10-year-old boy with a slow flow vascular malformation in the right calf who underwent transarterial ethanol embolization following prior unsuccessful direct percutaneous sclerotherapy. The development of a dense foot drop that subsequently recovered is described, and the management of this uncommon but distressful complication is discussed.

  6. Multiplexed Molecular Assays for Rapid Rule-Out of Foot-and-Mouth Disease

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lenhoff, R; Naraghi-Arani, P; Thissen, J; Olivas, J; Carillo, C; Chinn, C; Rasmussen, M; Messenger, S; Suer, L; Smith, S M; Tammero, L; Vitalis, E; Slezak, T R; Hullinger, P J; Hindson, B J; Hietala, S; Crossley, B; Mcbride, M

    2007-06-26

    A nucleic acid-based multiplexed assay was developed that combines detection of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) with rule-out assays for two other foreign animal diseases and four domestic animal diseases that cause vesicular or ulcerative lesions indistinguishable from FMDV infection in cattle, sheep and swine. The FMDV 'look-alike' diagnostic assay panel contains five PCR and twelve reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR) signatures for a total of seventeen simultaneous PCR amplifications for seven diseases plus incorporating four internal assay controls. It was developed and optimized to amplify both DNA and RNA viruses simultaneously in a single tube and employs Luminex{trademark} liquid array technology. Assay development including selection of appropriate controls, a comparison of signature performance in single and multiplex testing against target nucleic acids, as well of limits of detection for each of the individual signatures is presented. While this assay is a prototype and by no means a comprehensive test for FMDV 'look-alike' viruses, an assay of this type is envisioned to have benefit to a laboratory network in routine surveillance and possibly for post-outbreak proof of freedom from foot-and-mouth disease.

  7. TRUPACT-I Unit 0 test data analysis. [Puncture bar impacts; free fall of package 12 inches onto unyielding surface; 30-foot free fall drop onto unyielding target; 40-inch drops onto 6-inch diagmeter puncture bar; engulfment in jet fuel fire for 35 minutes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Romesberg, L.E.; Hudson, M.L.; Osborne, D.M.

    1985-09-01

    TRUPACT-I was tested to evaluate the response of the design to the normal and hypothetical accident conditions specified in applicable regulations. The governing regulations are contained in DOE Order No. 5480.1, Chapter 3 and 10 CFR, Part 71, Refs. 1 and 2. Tests were conducted at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, and at Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM. Normal condition tests included three 13-pound (1.25 in. diameter) puncture bar impacts onto the exterior surface and free fall of the package 12 inches onto an essentially unyielding surface. Hypothetical accident conditions included in the test sequence were two 30-foot free fall drops of the package onto an essentially unyielding target, four 40-inch drops onto a 6-inch-diameter puncture bar, and engulfment in a JP-4 jet fuel fire for 35 minutes. Instrumentation data traces will be published in Ref. 3 and are not reproduced herein. This report presents an analysis of the available data and an interpretation of the results. The results of the tests are compared to results from numerical analyses and scale model tests which are incorporated in the TRUPACT-I SARP, Ref. 4. 9 refs., 43 figs., 3 tabs.

  8. Foot & Mouth Disease & Ulcerative/Vesicular Rule-outs: Challenges Encountered in Recent Outbreaks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hullinger, P

    2008-01-28

    Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is a highly infectious and contagious viral disease affecting bovidae (cattle, zebus, domestic buffaloes, yaks), sheep, goats, swine, all wild ruminants and suidae. Camelidae (camels, dromedaries, llamas, vicunas) have low susceptibility. Foot and mouth disease is caused by a RNS virus of the family Picornaviridae, genus Aphthovirus. There are seven immunologically distinct serotypes: A, O, C, SAT1, SAT2, SAT3, Asia 1. Foot and mouth disease causes significant economic loss both to countries who manage it as an endemic disease (with or without vaccination), as well as those FMD free countries which may become infected. The mortality rate is low in adult animals, but often higher in young due to myocarditis. Foot and mouth disease is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, the Middle East and South America (sporadic outbreaks in free areas). The Office of International Epizootics (OIE), also referred to the World Organization for Animal Health maintains an official list of free countries and zones.1 The OIE Terrestrial Code (Chapter 2.2.10) provides detailed information on the categories of freedom that can be allocated to a country as well as guidelines for the surveillance for foot and mouth disease (Appendix 3.8.7). In short, countries may be completely free of FMD, free with vaccination or infected with foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV). Source of FMDV include incubating and clinically affected animals with virus present in breath, saliva, faeces, urine, milk and semen. In experimental settings virus has been detected in milk several days before the onset of clinical signs2. Additional sources of virus are meat and by-products in which pH has remained above 6.0 as well as persistently infected carrier animals. Carrier animals may include cattle and water buffalo; convalescent animals and exposed vaccinates (virus persists in the oropharynx for up to 30 months in cattle or longer in buffalo, 9 months in sheep). Pigs do not become carriers. It has been shown that the African Cape buffalo are the major maintenance host of SAT serotypes. FMDV transmission can occur by either direct or indirect contact. Indirect transmission can occur via contaminated animate vectors (humans, etc.), inanimate vectors (vehicles, implements) or airborne transmission. Indirect disease transmission via animate or inanimate vectors can play a major role in disease transmission. Good biosecurity can significantly reduce this type of transmission. Airborne transmission is often debated and is known to be serotype and species specific as well as require specific environmental conditions to occur. Airborne transmission is favored in temperate zones and has been postulated to occur over distances of up to 60 km overland and 300 km by sea. Foot and mouth disease virus is an unenveloped virus which is preserved by refrigeration and freezing and progressively inactivated by temperatures above 50 C. FMDV is highly sensitive to pH change and is inactivated by pH < 6.0 or > 9.0. There are many disinfectants which are effective against FMDV including sodium hydroxide (2%), sodium carbonate (4%), and citric acid (0.2%). FMDV is resistant to iodophores, quaternary ammonium compounds, hypochlorite and phenol, especially in the presence of organic matter. The virus can survive in lymph nodes and bone marrow at neutral pH, but is destroyed in muscle when is pH < 6.0 i.e. after rigor mortis. FMDV can persist in contaminated feed/commodities and the environment for over to 1 month, depending on the temperature and pH conditions. The incubation period for FMD is 2-14 days. Animals transition through latent (infected but not infectious), subclinically infected (infectious but lacking clinical signs) clinically infected and recovered disease states. In cattle clinical signs include pyrexia, reluctance to eat, bruxism, drooling, lameness, treading or stamping of the feet and decreased milk production. Most clinical signs are related to the development and subsequent rupturing of vesicles at the coronary band and in the oral cavity. V

  9. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL SYSTEMS AND REHABILITATION ENGINEERING, VOL. 19, NO. 4, AUGUST 2011 411 Systematic Variation of Prosthetic Foot Spring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Steven H.

    --Lower-limb amputees expend more energy to walk than non-amputees and have an elevated risk of secondary dis- abilities foot, the controlled energy storage and return (CESR) foot, and observed the effect on gait. Subjects storage, energy return, and prosthetic limb COM push-off work. But metabolic energy expenditure was lowest

  10. Fuel economy testing of six 40-foot transit buses. Final report Aug 82-Mar 83

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Francis, G.A.; Nelson, S.R.

    1983-03-01

    The importance of life-cycle cost analyses in transit bus procurement is recognized by the industry and has been a Congressional requirement for grantees. This report documents a program of fuel economy testing of six standard 40-foot buses. The main purpose of this series of tests is to assist transit authorities and bus suppliers by providing accurate comparable fuel consumption data on transit buses produced by different manufacturers. Six buses were selected by the manufacturers and supplied for testing by six transit properties directly from revenue service. This report makes the data available to the industry for discretionary use in estimating life-cycle costs. A list of bus manufacturers and the supplying transit system is provided.

  11. Uranium-238, Thorium-230, and Radium-226 are the predominant radioactive contaminents on Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Plan (FUSRAP) sites.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Uranium-238, Thorium-230, and Radium-226 are the predominant radioactive contaminents on Formerly radionuclide is unique to that radionuclide. Uranium-238, the most prevalent isotope in uranium ore, has a half of time. Uranium-238 decays by alpha emission into thorium-234, which itself decays by beta emission

  12. Higher velocity, high-foot implosions on the National Ignition Facility laser

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Callahan, D. A.; Hurricane, O. A.; Hinkel, D. E.; Döppner, T.; Ma, T.; Park, H. -S.; Barrios Garcia, M. A.; Berzak Hopkins, L. F.; Casey, D. T.; Cerjan, C. J.; et al

    2015-05-15

    By increasing the velocity in “high foot” implosions [Dittrich et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 055002 (2014); Park et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 055001 (2014); Hurricane et al., Nature 506, 343 (2014); Hurricane et al., Phys. Plasmas 21, 056314 (2014)] on the National Ignition Facility laser, we have nearly doubled the neutron yield and the hotspot pressure as compared to the implosions reported upon last year. The implosion velocity has been increased using a combination of the laser (higher power and energy), the hohlraum (depleted uranium wall material with higher opacity and lower specific heat than gold hohlraums), andmore »the capsule (thinner capsules with less mass). We find that the neutron yield from these experiments scales systematically with a velocity-like parameter of the square root of the laser energy divided by the ablator mass. By connecting this parameter with the inferred implosion velocity (v), we find that for shots with primary yield >1e15 neutrons, the total yield ~ v???. This increase is considerably faster than the expected dependence for implosions without alpha heating ( ~v???) and is additional evidence that these experiments have significant alpha heating.« less

  13. Higher velocity, high-foot implosions on the National Ignition Facility laser

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Callahan, D. A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)] (ORCID:0000000315498916); Hurricane, O. A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Hinkel, D. E. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Döppner, T. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Ma, T. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Park, H. -S. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Barrios Garcia, M. A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Berzak Hopkins, L. F. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)] (ORCID:0000000291875667); Casey, D. T. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Cerjan, C. J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)] (ORCID:0000000251686845); Dewald, E. L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Dittrich, T. R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Edwards, M. J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Haan, S. W. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)] (ORCID:0000000184045131); Hamza, A. V. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Kline, J. L. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Knauer, J. P. [Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States); Kritcher, A. L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Landen, O. L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); LePape, S. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); MacPhee, A. G. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)] (ORCID:0000000341604479); Milovich, J. L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Nikroo, A. [General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)] (ORCID:0000000288550378); Pak, A. E. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Patel, P. K. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Rygg, J. R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Ralph, J. E. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Salmonson, J. D. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Spears, B. K. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Springer, P. T. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Tommasini, R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Benedetti, L. R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Bionta, R. M. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Bond, E. J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Bradley, D. K. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Caggiano, J. A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Field, J. E. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Fittinghoff, D. N. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Frenje, J. [MIT (Massachusetts Inst. of Technology), Cambridge, MA (United States)] (ORCID:0000000168460378); Gatu Johnson, M. [MIT (Massachusetts Inst. of Technology), Cambridge, MA (United States); Grim, G. P. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Hatarik, R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Merrill, F. E. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Nagel, S. R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)] (ORCID:0000000277686819); Izumi, N. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Khan, S. F. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2015-05-01

    By increasing the velocity in “high foot” implosions [Dittrich et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 055002 (2014); Park et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 055001 (2014); Hurricane et al., Nature 506, 343 (2014); Hurricane et al., Phys. Plasmas 21, 056314 (2014)] on the National Ignition Facility laser, we have nearly doubled the neutron yield and the hotspot pressure as compared to the implosions reported upon last year. The implosion velocity has been increased using a combination of the laser (higher power and energy), the hohlraum (depleted uranium wall material with higher opacity and lower specific heat than gold hohlraums), and the capsule (thinner capsules with less mass). We find that the neutron yield from these experiments scales systematically with a velocity-like parameter of the square root of the laser energy divided by the ablator mass. By connecting this parameter with the inferred implosion velocity (v), we find that for shots with primary yield >1e15 neutrons, the total yield ~ v???. This increase is considerably faster than the expected dependence for implosions without alpha heating ( ~v???) and is additional evidence that these experiments have significant alpha heating.

  14. Modeling Estimated Personnel Needs for a Potential Foot and Mouth Disease Outbreak

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simmons, K; Hullinger, P

    2008-01-29

    Foot and Mouth disease (FMD) is a highly infectious and contagious viral disease affecting cloven-hoofed livestock that was last detected in the United States (US) in 1929. The prevalence of FMD in other countries, as well as the current potential for this virus to be used as a form of agroterrorism, has made preparations for a potential FMD outbreak a national priority. To assist in the evaluation of national preparedness, all 50 states were surveyed via e-mail, telephone and web search to obtain emergency response plans for FMD or for foreign animal diseases in general. Information from 33 states was obtained and analyzed for estimates of personnel resources needed to respond to an outbreak. These estimates were consolidated and enhanced to create a tool that could be used by individual states to better understand the personnel that would be needed to complete various tasks over time during an outbreak response. The estimates were then coupled, post-processing, to the output from FMD outbreaks simulated in California using the Multiscale Epidemiological/Economic Simulation and Analysis (MESA) model at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to estimate the personnel resource demands, by task, over the course of an outbreak response.

  15. Simulation and analysis of the plutonium shipping container subject to 30-foot drops

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gong, C.; Gupta, N.K.; Gromada, R.J.

    1995-12-31

    The shipping container 5320 is a shipping package for radioactive materials. In order to maintain the component in this packaging within the sub-critical state when subjected to any kind of Hypothetical Accident conditions (HAC), this Type B packaging is designed with various impact limiters. The present study is to examine the energy absorbing capacity of the impact limiter design of this container subjected to a 30-foot drop onto a flat unyielding horizontal surface in each of the three critical dropping orientations. This paper presents the results of a three dimensional nonlinear dynamic impact analysis. This analysis shows the deformed configuration of the container caused by the impact and also determines the effects of different stress wave paths in three distinct drops on the stress states in the critical component. The solution to the problem was obtained using the ABAQUS (explicit) finite element computer code. The nonlinearity of this analysis involves large structural deformation, elasto-plastic materials with strain hardening as well as multiple contact interfaces. Three drop orientations were studied, namely, top down impact, bottom down impact and side impact. Results will be compared against actual drop test data.

  16. Condition Assessment Survey (CAS) Program. Deficiency standards and inspections methods manual: Volume 1, 0.01 Foundations and footings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-05-01

    General information is presented for asset determinant factor/CAS repair codes/CAS cost factors; guide sheet tool & material listing; testing methods; inspection frequency; standard system design life tables; system work breakdown structure; and general system/material data. Deficiency standards and inspection methods are given for footings - spread/strip/grade beams; foundation walls; foundation dampproofing/waterproofing; excavation/backfill/ and piles & caissons.

  17. Evaluation of Multiplexed Foot-and-Mouth Disease Nonstructural Protein Antibody Assay Against Standardized Bovine Serum Panel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perkins, J; Parida, S; Clavijo, A

    2007-05-14

    Liquid array technology has previously been used to show proof-of-principle of a multiplexed non structural protein serological assay to differentiate foot-and-mouth infected and vaccinated animals. The current multiplexed assay consists of synthetically produced peptide signatures 3A, 3B and 3D and recombinant protein signature 3ABC in combination with four controls. To determine diagnostic specificity of each signature in the multiplex, the assay was evaluated against a naive population (n = 104) and a vaccinated population (n = 94). Subsequently, the multiplexed assay was assessed using a panel of bovine sera generated by the World Reference Laboratory for foot-and-mouth disease in Pirbright, UK. This sera panel has been used to assess the performance of other singleplex ELISA-based non-structural protein antibody assays. The 3ABC signature in the multiplexed assay showed comparative performance to a commercially available non-structural protein 3ABC ELISA (Cedi test{reg_sign}) and additional information pertaining to the relative diagnostic sensitivity of each signature in the multiplex is acquired in one experiment. The encouraging results of the evaluation of the multiplexed assay against a panel of diagnostically relevant samples promotes further assay development and optimization to generate an assay for routine use in foot-and-mouth disease surveillance.

  18. The potential role of wildlife in the spread and control of foot and mouth disease in an extensive livestock management system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Highfield, Linda

    2009-05-15

    Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious viral infection that affects all Artiodactyls (cloven-hoofed) species. The United States has been free of FMD since 1929, and the entire population of cloven-hoofed species ...

  19. Exterior Wall Strategies with Exterior Insulating Sheathing- Cold Climate

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation was given at the Summer 2012 DOE Building America meeting on July 25, 2012, and addressed the question ¨How do we first do no harm with high-r enclosures??

  20. Injection of electrons with predominantly perpendicular energy into an area of toroidal field ripple in a tokamak plasma to improve plasma confinement

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ono, Masayuki (Princeton Junction, NJ); Furth, Harold (Princeton, NJ)

    1993-01-01

    An electron injection scheme for controlling transport in a tokamak plasma. Electrons with predominantly perpendicular energy are injected into a ripple field region created by a group of localized poloidal field bending magnets. The trapped electrons then grad-B drift vertically toward the plasma interior until they are detrapped, charging the plasma negative. Calculations indicate that the highly perpendicular velocity electrons can remain stable against kinetic instabilities in the regime of interest for tokamak experiments. The penetration distance can be controlled by controlling the "ripple mirror ratio", the energy of the injected electrons, and their v.sub..perp. /v.sub.51 ratio. In this scheme, the poloidal torque due to the injected radial current is taken by the magnets and not by the plasma. Injection is accomplished by the flat cathode containing an ECH cavity to pump electrons to high v.sub..perp..

  1. A Measurement of the holographic minimum observable beam branching ratio in the Fermilab 15-foot bubble chamber

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aderholz, M.; Aggarwal, M.M.; Akbari, H.; Allport, P.P.; Badyal, S.K.; Ballagh, H.C.; Barth, M.; Baton, J.P.; Bingham, H.H.; Bjelkhagen, H.; Brucker, E.B.; Burnstein,; Campbell, J.R.; Cence, R.J.; Chatterjee, T.K.; Clayton, E.F.; Corrigan, G.; Coutures, C.; DeProspo, D.; Devanand,; De Wolf, E.A.; /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Brussels U.,

    1997-01-01

    Holography has been used successfully in combination with conventional optics for the first time in a large cryogenic bubble chamber, the 15-Foot Bubble Chamber at Fermilab, during a physics run. The innovative system combined the reference beam with the object beam, illuminating a conical volume of {approx} 1.4 m{sup 3}. Bubble tracks from neutrino interactions with a width of {approx} 120 {micro}m have been recorded with good contrast. The ratio of intensities of the object light to the reference light striking the film is called the Beam Branching Ratio. We obtained in our experiment an exceedingly small minimum-observable ratio of (0.54 {+-} 0.21) x 10{sup -7}. The technology has the potential for a wide range of applications.

  2. Foot axes and angles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gentili, A; Masih, S; Yao, L; Seeger, LL

    1996-01-01

    D and WAPNER, K L, Hallux valgus deform- ity: Preoperativenormal, HIA = 9°; (c) hallux valgus interphalangeus, HIA =2. TREPAL, M J, Hallux valgus and metatarsus adductus: The

  3. foote-98.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLosThe 26th Annual Conference onDickAlThe30/03foal | NationalAutomated

  4. Exterior Exposed Ductwork: Delivery Effectiveness and Efficiency*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Matson and Mark P. Modera Energy Performance of Buildings Group Energy and Environment Division Lawrence's Sacramento Valley. The majority of the building's air distribution ductwork was located on the roof. Energy for Energy Efficiency, under Contract B93-05A, and the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency

  5. Excavationless Exterior Foundation Insulation Exploratory | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015 InfographiclighbulbsDepartmentDeveloping11, 20125EXAMPLE DOE F

  6. Diagnostic evaluation of a multiplexed RT-PCR microsphere array assay for the detection of foot-and-mouth disease virus and look-alike disease viruses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hindson, B J; Reid, S M; Baker, B R; Ebert, K; Ferris, N P; Bentley Tammero, L F; Lenhoff, R J; Naraghi-Arani, P; Vitalis, E A; Slezak, T R; Hullinger, P J; King, D P

    2007-07-26

    A high-throughput multiplexed assay was developed for the differential laboratory diagnosis of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) from viruses which cause clinically similar diseases of livestock. This assay simultaneously screens for five RNA and two DNA viruses using multiplexed reverse transcription PCR (mRT-PCR) amplification coupled with a microsphere hybridization array and flow-cytometric detection. Two of the seventeen primer-probe sets included in this multiplex assay were adopted from previously characterized real-time RT-PCR (rRT-PCR) assays for FMDV. The diagnostic accuracy of the mRT-PCR was evaluated using 287 field samples, including 248 (true positive n= 213, true negative n=34) from suspect cases of foot-and-mouth disease collected from 65 countries between 1965 and 2006 and 39 true negative samples collected from healthy animals. The mRT-PCR assay results were compared with two singleplex rRT-PCR assays, using virus isolation with antigen-ELISA as the reference method. The diagnostic sensitivity of the mRT-PCR assay for FMDV was 93.9% [95% C.I. 89.8-96.4%], compared to 98.1% [95% C.I. 95.3-99.3%] for the two singleplex rRT-PCR assays used in combination. In addition, the assay could reliably differentiate between FMDV and other vesicular viruses such as swine vesicular disease virus and vesicular exanthema of swine virus. Interestingly, the mRT-PCR detected parapoxvirus (n=2) and bovine viral diarrhea virus (n=2) in clinical samples, demonstrating the screening potential of this mRT-PCR assay to identify viruses in FMDV-negative material not previously recognized using focused single-target rRT-PCR assays.

  7. The tale of a modern animal plague: Tracing the evolutionary history and determining the time-scale for foot and mouth disease virus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tully, Damien C. Fares, Mario A.

    2008-12-20

    Despite significant advances made in the understanding of its epidemiology, foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV) is among the most unexpected agricultural devastating plagues. While the disease manifests itself as seven immunologically distinct strains their origin, population dynamics, migration patterns and divergence times remain unknown. Herein we have assembled a comprehensive data set of gene sequences representing the global diversity of the disease and inferred the time-scale and evolutionary history for FMDV. Serotype-specific rates of evolution and divergence times were estimated using a Bayesian coalescent framework. We report that an ancient precursor FMDV gave rise to two major diversification events spanning a relatively short interval of time. This radiation event is estimated to have taken place towards the end of the 17th and the beginning of the 18th century giving us the present circulating Euro-Asiatic and South African viral strains. Furthermore our results hint that Europe acted as a possible hub for the disease from where it successfully dispersed elsewhere via exploration and trading routes.

  8. Comparing resolved-sideband cooling and measurement-based feedback cooling on an equal footing: analytical results in the regime of ground-state cooling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurt Jacobs; Hendra I. Nurdin; Frederick W. Strauch; Matthew James

    2015-03-19

    We show that in the regime of ground-state cooling, simple expressions can be derived for the performance of resolved-sideband cooling --- an example of coherent feedback control --- and optimal linear measurement-based feedback cooling for a harmonic oscillator. These results are valid to leading order in the small parameters that define this regime. They provide insight into the origins of the limitations of coherent and measurement-based feedback for linear systems, and the relationship between them. These limitations are not fundamental bounds imposed by quantum mechanics, but are due to the fact that both cooling methods are restricted to use only a linear interaction with the resonator. We compare the performance of the two methods on an equal footing --- that is, for the same interaction strength --- and confirm that coherent feedback is able to make much better use of the linear interaction than measurement-based feedback. We find that this performance gap is caused not by the back-action noise of the measurement but by the projection noise. We also obtain simple expressions for the maximal cooling that can be obtained by both methods in this regime, optimized over the interaction strength.

  9. ORISE: Completion of environmental characterization at ORNL a...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ORISE's completion of environmental characterization at ORNL is a Recovery Act success Exterior of K-33 superstructure at ORNL This 2.8 million-square-foot facility known as K-33...

  10. Development and Characterization of A Multiplexed RT-PCR Species Specific Assay for Bovine and one for Porcine Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus Rule-Out

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, S M; Danganan, L; Tammero, L; Vitalis, B; Lenhoff, R; Naraghi-arani, P; Hindson, B

    2007-08-06

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), in collaboration with the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) has developed candidate multiplexed assays that may potentially be used within the National Animal Health Laboratory Network (NAHLN), the National Veterinary Services Laboratory (Ames, Iowa) and the Plum Island Animal Disease Center (PIADC). This effort has the ability to improve our nation's capability to discriminate between foreign animal diseases and those that are endemic using a single assay, thereby increasing our ability to protect food and agricultural resources with a diagnostic test which could enhance the nation's capabilities for early detection of a foreign animal disease. In FY2005 with funding from the DHS, LLNL developed the first version (Version 1.0) of a multiplexed (MUX) nucleic-acid-based RT-PCR assay that included signatures for foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) detection with rule-out tests for two other foreign animal diseases (FADs) of swine, Vesicular Exanthema of Swine (VESV) and Swine Vesicular Disease Virus (SVDV), and four other domestic viral diseases Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVDV), Bovine Herpes Virus 1 (BHV-1), Bluetongue virus (BTV) and Parapox virus complex (which includes Bovine Papular Stomatitis Virus [BPSV], Orf of sheep, and Pseudocowpox). In FY06, LLNL has developed Bovine and Porcine species-specific panel which included existing signatures from Version 1.0 panel as well as new signatures. The MUX RT-PCR porcine assay for detection of FMDV includes the FADs, VESV and SVD in addition to vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS). LLNL has also developed a MUX RT-PCR bovine assay for detection of FMDV with rule out tests for the two bovine FADs malignant catarrhal fever (MCF), rinderpest virus (RPV) and the domestic diseases vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), infectious bovine rhinotracheitus virus (BHV-1), bluetongue virus (BTV), and the Parapox viruses (which are of two bovine types) bovine papular stomatitis virus (BPSV) and psuedocowpox (PCP). A timeline for this development is presented in Table 1. The development of the Version 1.0 panel for FMDV rule-out and the most current efforts aimed to designed species specific panels has spanned over 2 1/2 years with multiple collaborative partnerships. This document provides a summary of the development, testing and performance data at OIE Stage 1 Feasibility into Stage 2 Assay Development and Standardization1 (see Table 2), gathered as of June 30th, 2007 for the porcine and bovine MUX assay panels. We present an overview of the identification and selection of candidate genetic signatures, the assay development process, and preliminary performance data for each of the individual signatures as characterized in the multiplexed format for the porcine and bovine panels. The Stage 1 Feasibility data of the multiplexed panels is presented in this report also includes relevant data acquired from the Version 1.0 panel as supporting information where appropriate. In contrast to last years effort, the development of the bovine and porcine panels is pending additional work to complete analytical characterization of FMDV, VESV, SVD, RPV and MCF. The signature screening process and final panel composition impacts this effort. The unique challenge presented this year was having strict predecessor limitations in completing characterization, where efforts at LLNL must precede efforts at PIADC, such challenges were alleviated in the 2006 reporting by having characterization data from the interlaboratory comparison and at Plum Island under AgDDAP project. We will present an addendum at a later date with additional data on the characterization of the porcine and bovine multiplex assays when that data is available. As a summary report, this document does not provide the details of signature generation, evaluation, and testing, nor does it provide spec

  11. Expert Meeting Report: Cladding Attachment Over Exterior Insulation

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergy HeadquartersFuelB IMSof 2005 atHouseExcess UraniumClimate Change

  12. Building America Expert Meeting: Cladding Attachment Over Exterior...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Building America expert meeting focused directly on supporting the Building America Standing Technical Committee identified Critical Milestone 1: By end of 2015, have adopted...

  13. Many exterior entry and walkway lights in residential and commercial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be difficult since retail stocking is inconsistent. The Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Hybrid Outdoor Fixture

  14. Building America Top Innovations 2013 Profile ? Exterior Rigid...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the home's thermal envelope by increasing R-value while minimizing thermal bridging in wood-framed walls. Research by several teams has provided the critical scientific basis for...

  15. Building America Expert Meeting: Cladding Attachment Over Exterior...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Builders Research Center, Randy Van Straaten of BSC, and Dawn Cole of James Hardie Building Products (presented on her behalf by Jay Crandell). This was followed by an open...

  16. Interior and Exterior Low-E Storm Window Installation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Witters, Sarah

    2014-09-03

    Until recently, energy-efficient window retrofit options have largely been limited to repair or replacement; leaving the homeowner to decide between affordability and deeper energy savings. A new and improved low-e storm window boasts a combination of curb appeal and energy efficiency, all for a fraction of the cost of window replacement. A recent whole-home experiment performed by PNNL suggests that attaching low-e storm windows can result in as much energy savings replacing the windows.

  17. Enhancing the conceptual design process of automotive exterior systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diaz Dominguez, David

    2011-01-01

    Product development cycles in the automotive industry are being reduced and competition is more demanding than ever before. To be successful in this environment, Original Equipment Manufacturers need a product development ...

  18. Building America Case Study: Excavationless Exterior-Side Foundation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    two mature systems-hydrovac excavation technology and liquid foam insula- tion-into a new process. The hydrovac technology uses pressurized water combined with vacuum...

  19. Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Exterior...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Low-Cost Evaluation of Energy Savings at the Community Scale, Fresno, California Basement Insulation Systems -...

  20. Cladding Attachment Over Thick Exterior Sheathing | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels|Programs |Chart of breakoutCincinnatiMadisonCivilCladding

  1. Covered Product Category: Exterior Lighting | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels|ProgramsLakeDepartmentEnergyEnterprise Servers Covered

  2. DOE Publishes GATEWAY Report on Exterior Lighting at Princeton University |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i pStateDOE FederalThe Department ofFederalLED Luminaires |ShortDepartment

  3. Building America Expert Meeting: Cladding Attachment Over Exterior

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De pEnergy IndustrialofofBuildingCladdingSanWilliamsInsulation

  4. Commercial Building Energy Alliance Exterior Lighting Scoping Study

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing BacteriaConnect Collider Tests of the LittleJournal Article: Comet(Technical

  5. Commercial Building Energy Alliance Exterior Lighting Scoping Study

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing BacteriaConnect Collider Tests of the LittleJournal Article:

  6. Exterior Rigid Insulation Best Practices - Building America Top Innovation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015Executive Order 13514 Federal LeadershipDepartment ofEnergy|

  7. FEMP Exterior Solid-State Lighting Technology Pilot

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015Executive Order14, 2011 CX-006821: RENEWABLEFEMP ComprehensiveFEMP

  8. Federal Technology Deployment Pilot: Exterior Solid State Lighting |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015Executive Order14,Energy 9, 2013Federal Tax Credits: 2010Department

  9. Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Exterior

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12Power, IncBioPredictingMissed Energy Saving Opportunity

  10. DOE Publishes GATEWAY Report on Exterior Lighting at Princeton University |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergy Webinar:IAbout Us Ā»Buildings DOEDOEProgram Offices

  11. 5-Hydroxymethylcytosine is a predominantly stable DNA modification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bachman, Martin; Uribe-Lewis, Santiago; Yang, Xiaoping; Williams, Michael; Murrell, Adele; Balasubramanian, Shankar

    2014-09-21

    growing during the past 5 years12 many fundamentally important questions remain unanswered20. Herein we have focused on the metabolism of C to mC and hmC in genomic DNA to specifically elucidate whether hmC is exclusively derived from mC, how hm... C was performed on an AB Sciex Triple Quad 6500 mass spectrometer fitted with an Agilent Infinity 1290 LC system and an Acquity UHPLC HSS T3 column (50 ? 2.1 mm, 1.8 µm particle size) at a flow rate of 300 µl/min, and a gradient of 0.1% formic acid in water...

  12. Nature's Inventory of Halogenation Catalysts: Oxidative Strategies Predominate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    biosynthetic gene clusters, enabling coordinate regulation to activate these secondary metabolite pathways the abundance of chloride and bromide ions in microenvironments of terrestrial and marine producer organisms

  13. Obscuring Hull House-Highlighting Male Predominance in USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landsberg, Melvin

    2002-06-05

    is of a woman, and twenty-six are of men. The Biographies are typically in staccato rhythm—suggesting to me activity, not passiv-ity. They are of labor leaders, politicians, businessmen, industrialists, financiers, writers, scientists, inventors, art... Steinmetz, and Bob LaFollette. In Nineteen Nineteen: John Reed, Randolph Bourne, Theodore Roosevelt, Paxton Hibben, Woodrow Wilson, The House of Morgan, Joe Hill, Wesley Everest, and the Unknown Soldier. Also in this issue . . . Richard Layman, "A...

  14. Development and Characterization of a Multiplexed RT-PCR Species Specific Assay for Bovine and one for Porcine Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus Rule-Out Supplemental Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, S; Danganan, L; Tammero, L; Lenhoff, R; Naraghi-arani, P; Hindson, B

    2007-08-06

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), in collaboration with the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) has developed advanced rapid diagnostics that may be used within the National Animal Health Laboratory Network (NAHLN), the National Veterinary Services Laboratory (Ames, Iowa) and the Plum Island Animal Disease Center (PIADC). This effort has the potential to improve our nation's ability to discriminate between foreign animal diseases and those that are endemic using a single assay, thereby increasing our ability to protect animal populations of high economic importance in the United States. Under 2005 DHS funding we have developed multiplexed (MUX) nucleic-acid-based PCR assays that combine foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) detection with rule-out tests for two other foreign animal diseases Vesicular Exanthema of Swine (VESV) and Swine Vesicular Disease (SVD) and four other domestic viral diseases Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVDV), Bovine Herpes Virus 1 (BHV-1 or Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitus IBR), Bluetongue virus (BTV) and Parapox virus complex (which includes Bovine Papular Stomatitis Virus BPSV, Orf of sheep, and Pseudocowpox). Under 2006 funding we have developed a Multiplexed PCR [MUX] porcine assay for detection of FMDV with rule out tests for VESV and SVD foreign animal diseases in addition to one other domestic vesicular animal disease vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) and one domestic animal disease of swine porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS). We have also developed a MUX bovine assay for detection of FMDV with rule out tests for the two bovine foreign animal diseases malignant catarrhal fever (MCF), rinderpest virus (RPV) and the domestic diseases vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), infectious bovine rhinotracheitus virus (BHV-1), bluetongue virus (BTV), and the Parapox viruses which are of two bovine types bovine papular stomatitis virus (BPSV) and psuedocowpox (PCP). This document provides details of signature generation, evaluation, and testing, as well as the specific methods and materials used. A condensed summary of the development, testing and performance of the multiplexed assay panel was presented in a 126 page separate document, entitled 'Development and Characterization of A Multiplexed RT-PCR Species Specific Assay for Bovine and one for Porcine Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus Rule-Out'. This supplemental document provides additional details of large amount of data collected for signature generation, evaluation, and testing, as well as the specific methods and materials used for all steps in the assay development and utilization processes. In contrast to last years effort, the development of the bovine and porcine panels is pending additional work to complete analytical characterization of FMDV, VESV, VSV, SVD, RPV and MCF. The signature screening process and final panel composition impacts this effort. The unique challenge presented this year was having strict predecessor limitations in completing characterization, where efforts at LLNL must preceed efforts at PIADC, such challenges were alleviated in the 2006 reporting by having characterization data from the interlaboratory comparison and at Plum Island under AgDDAP project. We will present an addendum at a later date with additional data on the characterization of the porcine and bovine multiplex assays when that data is available.

  15. Evaluation of environmental foot printing techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conway, John J., M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01

    With a growing focus on sustainability many companies are proactively assessing their product and supply chain footprints. Cisco is a leader in the ICT (Information and Communications Technology) industry and is working ...

  16. Foot-conditioned phonotactics and prosodic constituency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bennett, Ryan Thomas

    2012-01-01

    and Harmonic Serialism, London: Equinox. Available online as227–260. Lon- don: Equinox. Itō, Junko & Armin Mester.of Elisabeth Selkirk, London: Equinox. Jackendo?, Ray. 2011.

  17. Scale effects in tests on footings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, Chi Keung

    1988-02-21

    mm into the tub (see fig 2.2). The tub was 850 mm diameter and 400 mm high. The sand was poured until the target height of the model was slightly passed. A modified vacuum cleaner was used to level the model back down' to the target height. The tub... fig 2.5). A full size porous disc was used to ensure the uniformity of the hydraulic gradient across the specimen. During the test, a back pressure of 30 kPa above atmospheric pressure was imposed at the base with the top set at atmospheric level...

  18. LittleFoot Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervarLeeds, UnitedLibertyLite On TechnologyCorn Processors LP

  19. SmallFoot LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEurope GmbH JumpSlough Heat and Power

  20. GreenFoot Technologies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages RecentPlantMagmaIncentivesEnergy |GreenFever Jump

  1. Brad Foote Gear Works | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy Electricals Ltd BHEL Jump to:Bottomline Energy Solutions LLCBrad

  2. Quarterly Construction Status Report Period Ending: December 31, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Greenhouse Upgrade Heating System 901367c Whetten Quad Pedestrian Safety Improvements Phase I 901629 Heating System 901698 Homer Babbidge Library - Replace Floor Coverings 901715 Arjona & Monteith - Renovations foot (gsf) two story steel framed building with exterior masonry walls. The floor surface

  3. U.S. Nominal Cost per Foot of Crude Oil Wells Drilled (Dollars per Foot)

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (BillionProved Reserves (Billion CubicBarrels) Increases (MillionCubic(Thousand Dollars perDryOil

  4. U.S. Nominal Cost per Foot of Dry Wells Drilled (Dollars per Foot)

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (BillionProved Reserves (Billion CubicBarrels) Increases (MillionCubic(Thousand DollarsDry Wells

  5. U.S. Nominal Cost per Foot of Natural Gas Wells Drilled (Dollars per Foot)

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (BillionProved Reserves (Billion CubicBarrels) Increases (MillionCubic(Thousand DollarsDry

  6. Impact of Fixed Exterior Shading on Daylighting: A Case Study of the David Brower Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelenay, Krystyna

    2011-01-01

    lighting for work. Applied Ergonomics, 37(4), 461-466. doi:in Buildings. ” Applied Ergonomics, 3(4), 206-215. 29.in Occupational Ergonomics and Safety I: Proceedings of the

  7. Exact metric for the exterior of a global string in the Brans-Dicke theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Boisseau; B. Linet

    1998-02-03

    We determine in closed form the general static solution with cylindrical symmetry to the Brans-Dicke equations for an energy-momentum tensor corresponding to the one of the straight U(1) global string outside the core radius assuming that the Goldstone boson field takes its asymptotic value

  8. Many exterior entry lights in residential and commercial applications use two-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and replacement CFLs are not widely stocked. The Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Hybrid Security Fixture combines

  9. Impact of Fixed Exterior Shading on Daylighting: A Case Study of the David Brower Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelenay, Krystyna

    2011-01-01

    cnrc.gc.ca/eng/projects/irc/daysim.html 58. Reinhart, C.www.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/obj/irc/doc/pubs/nrcc48669/nrcc48669.pdfwww.nrc- cnrc.gc.ca/obj/irc/doc/pubs/nrcc47631/nrcc47631.

  10. Polychlorinated biphenyls in the exterior caulk of San Francisco Bay Area buildings, California, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ), nominally closed systems (hydraulic and heat transfer systems, vacuum pumps), and open ended applications

  11. Impact of Fixed Exterior Shading on Daylighting: A Case Study of the David Brower Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelenay, Krystyna

    2011-01-01

    What drives ENR's cost indexes. Engineering News-Record, MSWhat drives ENR's cost indexes. Engineering News-Record, 25.based on the Building Cost Index (BCI), computed based on a

  12. The Buildings of Dalhousie University Killam Memorial Library -Exterior, n.d.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lotze, Heike K.

    : Leslie R. Fairn Renovation Date(s): 1996; 2002 Contractor: Fraser-Brace Maritimes Limited Building; the Killam Trust funds were then the largest gift ever given to Dalhousie. Architect Leslie R. Fairn and speakers at the Special Convocation included: #12;the Reverend D.S. MacDougall; President Henry Hicks

  13. Impact of Fixed Exterior Shading on Daylighting: A Case Study of the David Brower Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelenay, Krystyna

    2011-01-01

    implementing a number of passive building design strategies38,500 ft 2 Passive design strategies Building massing andof passive design strategies, including proper building

  14. University of Michigan Ann Arbor Campus Exterior Elements Design Review Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamat, Vineet R.

    , materials, noise, etc. exhaust vents, cooling towers, air-handling and condensing units Page 1 of 2 #12

  15. Performance of Exterior Envelopes of Whole Buildings VIII: Integration of Building Envelopes Proceedings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Envelopes Proceedings This work was supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable.34 and 0.37 quads are required for heating and cooling respectively (DOE Core Data Book, 2000 Improving Information Technology to Maximize Fenestration Energy Efficiency Dariush Arasteh, Robin Mitchell

  16. Impact of Fixed Exterior Shading on Daylighting: A Case Study of the David Brower Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelenay, Krystyna

    2011-01-01

    data in a tabular format developed at the Solar EnergyEnergy Laboratory’s website: http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/old_data/Energy Laboratory. Retrieved from http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/old_data/

  17. Statistical theory of interior-exterior transition and collision probabilities for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, Shane

    /Gehrels 3, and P/Helin- Roman-Crockett make a transition from heliocentric orbits inside the orbit]). An important feature of the motion of these comets is that during the phase right before and after concentrate here on the time right before a comet's encounter with Jupiter. To simplify the analysis, we use

  18. Savings Project: Install Exterior Storm Windows With Low-E Coating |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (BillionProvedTravel Travel ThePresidential PermitsDepartmentBenefitsSarah Gerrity About

  19. FEMP Exterior Solid-State Lighting Technology Pilot | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPLfor InnovativeProcessing22,673,list includesJune 17,09On

  20. FEMP Exterior Solid-State Lighting Technology Pilot | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015Executive Order14, 2011 CX-006821: RENEWABLEFEMP ComprehensiveFEMPFEMP

  1. Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Exterior Rigid Foam

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12Power, IncBioPredictingMissed Energy- MixedHouston, TexasInsulation

  2. Savings Project: Install Exterior Storm Windows With Low-E Coating |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report AppendicesA TokenCommercialSTEMSarah L. GamageDepartment

  3. Recipient clinical risk factors predominate in possible transfusion-related acute lung injury

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    patients at risk of acute lung injury: evaluation of lungevaluation of a transfusion reaction case for TRALI, transfusion medicine physicians may find it diffi- cult to identify recipient ARDS risk

  4. Neurocognitive impairment associated with predominantly early stage HIV infection in Abuja, Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01

    Okwuasaba : R. Adebiyi Institute of Human Virology-Nigeria,Abuja, Nigeria however, performed better than SN on theHIV infection in Abuja, Nigeria Christopher Akolo & Walter

  5. 3-Adrenoceptor Is the Predominant -Adrenoceptor Subtype in Human Myometrium and Its Expression Is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Hospital, 75014 Paris, France; Department of Gynecology (C.L.), Centre Hospitalier Universitaire du Bocage management of preterm labor. (J Clin Endocrinol Metab 90: 1644­1650, 2005) THE INCIDENCE OF premature birth

  6. At what particle energy do extragalactic cosmic rays start to predominate?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tadeusz Wibig; Arnold W. Wolfendale

    2004-10-26

    We have argued [J. Szabelski et al. (2002)] that the well-known `ankle' in the cosmic ray energy spectrum, at logE (eV) ~ 18.7-19.0, marks the transition from mainly Galactic sources at lower energies to mainly extragalactic above. Recently, however, there have been claims for lower transitional energies, specifically from logE (eV) ~ 17.0 [G. Thompson et al. (2004)] via 17.2-17.8 [V.S. Berezinsky et al. (2004)] to 18.0 [A.M. Hillas (2004)]. In our model the ankle arises naturally from the sum of simple power law-spectra with slopes differing by ~ 1.8; from differential slope -3.8 for Galactic particles (near logE = 19) to ~ -2.0 for extragalactic sources. In the other models, on the other hand, the ankle is intrinsic to the extragalactic component alone, and arises from the shape of the rate of energy loss versus energy for the (assumed) protons interacting with the cosmic microwave background (CMB). Our detailed analysis of the world's data on the ultra-high energy spectrum shows that taken together, or separately, the resulting mean sharpness of the ankle (second difference of the log(intensity*E^3) with respect to logE) is consistent with our `mixed' model. For explanation in terms of extragalactic particles alone, however, the ankle will be at the wrong energy - for reasonable production models and of insufficient magnitude if, as seems likely, there is still a significant fraction of heavy nuclei at the ankle energy.

  7. Successful treatment of hand and foot psoriasis with infliximab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lernia, Vito Di; Guareschi, Elisa

    2010-01-01

    in severe pustular psoriasis von Zumbusch type. Int JL. Palmoplantar pustular psoriasis: successful therapy withJ, Hymes SR. Pustular psoriasis induced by infliximab. J

  8. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Foote Mineral Co - PA 27

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth Dakota Edgemont, SouthLaboratoryDiv - NYCorp-

  9. Foote Creek Rim Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable Urban Transport JumpFlowood,Pevafersa JV Jump to:

  10. Foote Creek Rim I Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskey flatsInformationFlintInformationFluxFontana,I Wind

  11. Foote Creek Rim II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskey flatsInformationFlintInformationFluxFontana,I

  12. Foote Creek Rim III Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskey flatsInformationFlintInformationFluxFontana,IIII

  13. Foote Creek Rim IV Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskey flatsInformationFlintInformationFluxFontana,IIIIIV

  14. Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease (HFMD) is an illness caused by a virus. It is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    through bodily fluids, which include: nose secretions (coughs, sneezes, runny nose, contaminated surfaces), saliva (coughs, sneezes, drool, mouthing toys, contaminated surfaces), blister fluids (blisters drain

  15. Electromagnetic Fields in the Exterior of an Oscillating Relativistic Star -- I. General Expressions and application to a rotating magnetic dipole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luciano Rezzolla; Bobomurat J. Ahmedov

    2004-06-04

    Relativistic stars are endowed with intense electromagnetic fields but are also subject to oscillations of various types. We here investigate the impact that oscillations have on the electric and magnetic fields external to a relativistic star in vacuum. In particular, modelling the star as a relativistic polytrope with infinite conductivity, we consider the solution of the general relativistic Maxwell equations both in the vicinity of the stellar surface and far from it, once a perturbative velocity field is specified. In this first paper we present general analytic expressions that are not specialized to a particular magnetic field topology or velocity field. However, as a validating example and an astrophysically important application, we consider a dipolar magnetic field and the velocity field corresponding to the rotation of the misaligned dipole. Besides providing analytic expressions for the electromagnetic fields produced by this configuration, we calculate, for the first time, the general relativistic energy loss through dipolar electromagnetic radiation. We find that the widely used Newtonian expression under-estimates this loss by a factor of 2-6 depending on the stellar compactness. This correction could have important consequences in the study of the spin evolution of pulsars.

  16. Discrete Calderon's projections on parallelepipeds and their application to computing exterior magnetic fields for FRC plasmas q

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsynkov, Semyon V.

    magnetic fields for FRC plasmas q E. Kansa a , U. Shumlak a,b , S. Tsynkov a,c, a Computational Sciences the plasma itself occupies a bounded region (within the FRC coils), the field extends from this region all October 2012 Keywords: Field reversed configuration (FRC) Single fluid magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) Quasi

  17. Visual Comfort Analysis of Innovative Interior and Exterior Shading Systems for Commercial Buildings using High Resolution Luminance Images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konis, Kyle

    2011-01-01

    adjustment (e.g. , "winter, "equinox," "summer") to not biasdeg) BA (deg) BA (deg) Height above floor (m) winter equinoxwinter equinox :summer Interior Systems reference-VB split-

  18. PHYSICAL REVIEW A 87, 053406 (2013) Exterior complex scaling method in time-dependent density-functional theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Shih-I

    2013-01-01

    -correlation potential which proved accurate in calculations of unperturbed electronic structure of Ar. Calculations is, not including dynamic response of the electron density) differ significantly from those obtained [2­4]. Electronic structure of atoms and molecules can be encoded in the HHG signal; the latter may

  19. Accessing interior magnetic field vector components in neutron electric dipole moment experiments via exterior measurements, I. Boundary-value techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Plaster

    2013-09-22

    We propose a new concept for determining the interior magnetic field vector components in neutron electric dipole moment experiments. If a closed three-dimensional boundary surface surrounding the fiducial volume of an experiment can be defined such that its interior encloses no currents or sources of magnetization, each of the interior vector field components and the magnetic scalar potential will satisfy a Laplace equation. Therefore, if either the vector field components or the normal derivative of the scalar potential can be measured on the surface of this boundary, thus defining a Dirichlet or Neumann boundary-value problem, respectively, the interior vector field components or the scalar potential (and, thus, the field components via the gradient of the potential) can be uniquely determined via solution of the Laplace equation. We discuss the applicability of this technique to the determination of the interior magnetic field components during the operating phase of neutron electric dipole moment experiments when it is not, in general, feasible to perform direct in situ measurements of the interior field components. We also study the specifications that a vector field probe must satisfy in order to determine the interior vector field components to a certain precision. The technique we propose here may also be applicable to experiments requiring monitoring of the vector magnetic field components within some closed boundary surface, such as searches for neutron-antineutron oscillations along a flight path or measurements in storage rings of the muon anomalous magnetic moment $g-2$ and the proton electric dipole moment.

  20. Economic Analysis and Optimization of Exterior Insulation Requirements for Ventilated Buildings at Power Generation Facilities with High Internal Heat Gain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Douglas E.

    2010-12-17

    Industrial buildings require a large amount of heating and ventilation equipment to maintain the indoor environment within acceptable levels for personnel protection and equipment protection. The required heating and ventilation equipment...

  1. Wood panel earth shelter construction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berg, J.R.; Loveless, J.G.; Senkow, W.

    1986-05-27

    An earth sheltered building is described including an arch structure, the structure including footings, a floor extending between the footings and arch means extending between the footings and having a base having lower ends on the footings for defining an enclosure which is covered with earth and open at opposite ends. The arch structure consists of: joined, curved wooden panel sections arranged in tandem in adjacent rows with more than two panel sections in a row, each of the sections including circumferentially extending wooden side members; wooden sheathing sections overlying the top skins of panel sections, the sheathing including a plurality of plywood sheets lapped over the joints between the panel sections and treated with a preservative; an adhesive joining the panel sections together within each row and to adjacent rows; waterproofing means on the sheathing for waterproofing the exterior surface of the arch means; connecting means engaging the base of the arch means at the footings and within the floor for tying the base together at its lower ends; and end walls and fastener means for joining the end walls to lateral edges of the arch means, the end walls dimensioned to extend above the arch means to retain earth placed on the arch means.

  2. African American Student Athletes at Predominately White Institutions and Motivational Factors That Influence Graduate and Professional Degrees 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutledge, Michael E

    2015-01-22

    This study highlights African American male student athletes at PWI’s, and their motivational factors that influenced persistence into graduate school. The following research questions guided this study: (a) How do African ...

  3. Photo-assisted intersystem crossing: The predominant triplet formation mechanism in some isolated polycyclic aromatic molecules excited with pulsed lasers

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Johnson, Philip M.; Sears, Trevor J.

    2015-07-28

    Naphthalene, anthracene, and phenanthrene are shown to have very long-lived triplet lifetimes when the isolated molecules are excited with nanosecond pulsed lasers resonant with the lowest singlet state. For naphthalene, triplet state populations are created only during the laser pulse, excluding the possibility of normal intersystem crossing at the one photon level, and all molecules have triplet lifetimes greater than hundreds of microseconds, similar to the behavior previously reported for phenylacetylene. Although containing 7–12 thousand cm?¹ of vibrational energy, the triplet molecules have ionization thresholds appropriate to vibrationless T? states. The laser power dependences (slopes of log-log power plots) ofmore »the excited singlet and triplet populations are about 0.7 for naphthalene and about 0.5 for anthracene. Kinetic modeling of the power dependences successfully reproduces the experimental results and suggests that the triplet formation mechanism involves an enhanced spin orbit coupling caused by sigma character in states at the 2-photon level. Symmetry Adapted Cluster-Configuration Interaction calculations produced excited state absorption spectra to provide guidance for estimating kinetic rates and the sigma character present in higher electronic states. It is concluded that higher excited state populations are significant when larger molecules are excited with pulsed lasers and need to be taken into account whenever discussing the molecular photodynamics.« less

  4. Reflective Practice of a Hispanic Chief Financial Officer and Interim Superintendent in a Predominantly Hispanic South Texas School District 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amezcua, Jesus J.

    2014-12-10

    for superintendents and chief financial officers (CFOs) and the linking of Schön’s reflective practice with Mezirow’s transformative learning. Therefore, this study was aimed at examining my critical events and the use of reflective practice to improve professional...

  5. Consumption habits of pregnant women and implications for developmental biology: a survey of predominantly Hispanic women in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santiago, Sarah E; Park, Grace H; Huffman, Kelly J

    2013-01-01

    approach to the study of bisphenol A and other estrogenic28. Braun JM, et al: Prenatal bisphenol A exposure and earlyto the endocrine disruptor bisphenol A alters susceptibility

  6. Risk Analysis DOI: 10.1111/j.1539-6924.2011.01600.x Influenza Infection Risk and Predominate Exposure Route

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adida, Elodie

    to infection risk increases with cough frequency, and decreases with virus concentration in cough particles. We

  7. A Genome Phylogeny for Mitochondria Among a-Proteobacteria and a Predominantly Eubacterial Ancestry of Yeast Nuclear Genes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryant, David

    for Bioinformatics, Montre´al, Que´bec, Canada; kDepartment of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Canterbury. They found that many yeast genes involved in transcription, translation, DNA maintenance, and the like in biosyntheses, metabolism, and the like (``operational'' genes) were more similar to eubacterial homologues

  8. U.S. Nominal Cost per Foot of Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Dry Wells Drilled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (BillionProved Reserves (Billion CubicBarrels) Increases (MillionCubic(Thousand Dollars

  9. U.S. Real Cost per Foot of Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Dry Wells Drilled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (BillionProved Reserves (Billion CubicBarrels) Increases(Billion2009 2010 2011(Dollars per

  10. he 1900-foot rule and eradication of citrus canker-affected trees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, Jacqueline K.

    , but disease in infested groves increased rapidly in extent and severity. Locations directly affected by both early- and late-season rain events had increased canker incidence that dis- qualified fruit sales from on these varieties was often associated with exposure to wind- blown rain due to the absence of nat- ural or planted

  11. CENTRIFUGAL MODEL TESTS FOR ULTIMATE BEARING CAPACITY OF FOOTINGS ON STEEP SLOPES IN COHESIONLESS SOIL [abstract

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gemperline, Mark

    1984-01-01

    Gemperline, Mark C. , Centrifugal ~odel Tests for UltimateDivision. ABSTRACTS II CENTRIFUGAL MODEL TESTS FOR ULTIMATE

  12. Effect of optically modified polyethylene terephthalate fiber socks on chronic foot pain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    York, Robyn MB; Gordon, Ian L

    2009-01-01

    of optically modified polyethylene terephthalate fiber sockswhether socks made from polyethylene terephthalate (PET)

  13. Adaptive Wall Technology The five by six by twenty-five foot long

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be altered by electric- motor driven screw jacks. Static pressure measurements are made on the walls of the tunnel to determine pressure distribution for each model. These measurements are then used to compute exchanger is provided to maintain a constant air temperature in the wind tunnel circuit, and flow

  14. The question of randomness in English foot timing: a control experiment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Briony

    1994-01-01

    Isochrony has been considered only in terms of stressed syllables. However, it may also be a random property of unstressed syllables, and a control experiment was deemed necessary. A handtranscribed database of 98 sentences, ...

  15. Structural and functional biological materials : abalone nacre, sharp materials, and abalone foot adhesion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Albert Yu-Min

    2008-01-01

    of microfabricated polyimide hairs in a 1cm2 array, (b) re-et al. [135] microfabricated polyimide hairs (Figure 2.35 a)of microfabricated polyimide hairs in a 1cm 2 array, (b) re-

  16. ADAPTIVE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR ACTIVE ANKLE-FOOT ORTHOSIS FOR ANKLE ASSISTING AND REHABILITATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borissova, Daniela

    . The tactile sensors and a rotary potentiometer measure ankle joint position in real and extension in order to assure automatic adaptation of the joint torque. The acquisition unit the early 1980's using hydraulic and pneumatic device. More recently, compressed gas and DC motors have been

  17. Electron cyclotron microinstability in the foot of a perpendicular shock: A self-consistent PIC simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muschietti, L; Lembege, B

    2006-01-01

    shock: a self-consistent PIC simulation L. Muschietti a andand run particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations of shocks withe?ectively two-dimensional. PIC simulations of perpendicular

  18. Structural and functional biological materials : abalone nacre, sharp materials, and abalone foot adhesion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Albert Yu-Min

    2008-01-01

    inorganic materials could lead to significant advances in materials science, opening the door to novel synthesis

  19. GEOS26400/GEOS36400/BIOS23255/EVOL32300: Principles of Paleontology 1 Instructor: Michael Foote

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Paleoecology Chapter 9; Chapter 10: sections on Pleistocene Extinctions, Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum

  20. Tube foot preservation in the Devonian crinoid Codiacrinus from the Lower Devonian Hunsruck Slate, Germany

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammer, Thomas

    Mall Columbus 43210, OH, USA; Christoph Bartels [Chris- toph.Bartels@bergbaumuseum.de], German Mining are introduced and with pressure hoses that limit static electricity. With this modified devise, pure iron

  1. A study of the design criteria for drilled-and-belled footings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehmann, Clark Thomas

    1964-01-01

    Drilling Machine . . ~ . ~ . 44 14. Shelby Tube Sampler . . . . ~ . ~ ~ ~ ~ . ~ ~ ~ . 44 15. Dri. lling Machine in Operation ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 46 16. Sample Data Sheet for Triaxial Compression Test . . 49 17. Stress-Strain Curve for Triaxial Test Specimen... to Pascal~s Law Now, the active pressure~ G~, on surface AC is 5 A. R Jumikis, ~o . cit. , pp. 618-624. Pd 11 B A 45 P/2 B Pp 4So + p/2 C I v/1+8 (a) Forces in Prandtl's System (b) Mohr Stress Diagram for Compression Test FIGURB 3. Prandtl...

  2. Literature Cited FIGURE 3.-Respiratory demand (Gooding and Neill see foot-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Analysis ofram ventilation offish gills with applica- tion to skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis). J. Fish

  3. Ground Covers for northern ArizonA Above 6,000 foot elevAtions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanderson, Mike

    or the use of fabric or plastic mulch may be required. Most Northern Arizona soils are limited in the amount to turf, bare ground, and rock mulches. Ground covers fill a number of important design needs. They can or even highway embankments. They can soften and add a touch of greenery to the large rock-mulched areas

  4. Structural and functional biological materials : abalone nacre, sharp materials, and abalone foot adhesion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Albert Yu-Min

    2008-01-01

    of Nacre: 61 3.2.2 EDTA Demineralization ofdeproteinization and demineralization experiments are usedcharacterization. 3.2.2 EDTA Demineralization of Nacre: A

  5. Composite force sensing foot utilizing volumetric displacement of a hyperelastic polymer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chuah, Meng Yee (Meng Yee Michael)

    2012-01-01

    In this thesis, I will describe the fabrication and characterization of a footpad based on an original principle of volumetric displacement sensing. It is intended for use in detecting ground contact forces in a running ...

  6. Design and fabrication of force sensing robotic foot utilizing the volumetric displacement of a hyperelastic polymer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Estrada, Matthew A

    2012-01-01

    This thesis illustrates the fabrication and characterization of a footpad based on an original principle of volumetric displacement sensing. It is intended for use in detecting ground reaction forces in a running quadrupedal ...

  7. Composite force sensing foot utilizing volumetric displacement of a hyperelastic polymer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chuah, Meng Yee

    This paper illustrates the fabrication and characterization of a footpad based on an original principle of volumetric displacement sensing. It is intended for use in detecting ground contact forces in a running quadrupedal ...

  8. U.S. Total Consumption of Heat Content of Natural Gas (BTU per Cubic Foot)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: AlternativeMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015"Separation, Proved Reserves(Million2009 2010 2011Decade6,015 6,980Consumption of Heat

  9. Type B Accident Investigation Board Report BNFL, Inc. Employee Foot Injury

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCEDInstallers/ContractorsPhotovoltaicsStateof Energy Two CompaniesRappel TowerPond B DamFallon

  10. Table 3a. Total Natural Gas Consumption per Effective Occupied Square Foot,

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearbyWithdrawalsHome6,672 7,2060 0 1 0 0

  11. Table 4a. Total Fuel Oil Consumption per Effective Occupied Square Foot,

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearbyWithdrawalsHome6,672 7,2060 0 1 0 0Effective

  12. Table 6a. Total Electricity Consumption per Effective Occupied Square Foot,

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearbyWithdrawalsHome6,672 7,2060 0 1 02.

  13. Nuevas ventanas inteligentes con transmisin de luz controlada basadas en tecnologas de coste muy bajo, para aplicaciones en fachada interior o exterior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    bajos costes de fabricación. Se buscan socios industriales para licenciar la patente y explotar la recursos energéticos en los edificios. La simple y fįcil preparación (Materiales no basados en LC) del dispositivo hace que los costes de fabricación sean bajos, con la gran ventaja de usar materiales mįs baratos

  14. Cladding Attachment Over Thick Exterior Insulating Sheathing (Fact Sheet), Building America Case Study: Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Building Technologies Office (BTO)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels|Programs |Chart of breakoutCincinnatiMadisonCivilCladding Attachment

  15. To enter and lead: renegotiating meanings of leadership and examining leadership theory of social power from the perspectives of African American women leaders in predominantly white organizations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrd, Marilyn Yvonne

    2009-05-15

    leadership theories, such as French and Raven's (1959) theory of social power that have generally represented the perspectives of white, middle class men, are inadequate for explaining the experiences of AAW. On the other hand socio-cultural theories...

  16. Starting with the End in Mind: A Case Study of Under-Represented, Teacher Education, Community College Transfers in a Predominantly White Institution 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrd, David Arthur

    2012-10-19

    shock. The intent of my study is to research other variables and situations that students may experience that could lead to attrition from teacher education programs. It is through the narratives of under-represented teacher-education transfer students... decided to leave because his grades reflected a student who was succeeding rather than struggling. It then became clear to me that it may be necessary to re-define transfer shock and explore the criteria that allow students of color to succeed after...

  17. Obama's Second Chance on the Predominant Moral Issue of this Century President Obama, finally, took a get-involved get-tough approach to negotiations on health care

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    around the world will decline. Renewable energies, other carbon-free energies, and energy efficiency they pay in added energy costs. People will set their net cost or gain via their energy and other consumer for clean energy and energy independence? Because that approach leads to wrong policies, ineffectual

  18. Thermal and moisture problems in existing basements create a unique challenge as the exterior face of the wall is not easily or inexpensively accessible. This approach addresses thermal and moisture management from the interior face of the wall without disturbing the exterior soil and landscaping. It is effective at reducing energy loss through the wall principally during the heating season.

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCEDInstallers/ContractorsPhotovoltaicsState ofSavings for Specific Measures 5 U.S.Machines

  19. Cases of Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease are on the Rise In the past couple of months, increased cases of Hand, Foot and Mouth Diseases (HFMD) have been observed in our

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    school to avoid spreading the virus around. #12;Energy Saving in Laboratories HKUST has more than 400 about 25% of our Academic Building in terms of floor space, the energy usage in laboratories is many which experienced outbreaks, the Center for Health Protection (CHP) issued closure orders to two schools

  20. The Social Context of Foot-and-Mouth Disease Control in Texas: Foundations for Effective Risk Communication 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delgado, Amy Haley

    2012-02-14

    and at-risk animals means that animals must be gathered and held by their owners for testing and depopulation, while strict movement bans designed to slow disease spread are essentially unenforceable without the cooperation of livestock producers..., whose animals were exposed either directly or indirectly to animals, animal products, materials, people, or aerosol from the infected premises, will be quarantined, tested for FMD, and possibly depopulated. Vaccination with or without the subsequent...

  1. Comparative Cost Analysis of Alternative Animal Tracing Strategies Directed Toward Foot and Mouth Disease Outbreaks in the Texas High Plains 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Looney, John C.

    2010-07-14

    back the subsequent infected and/or dangerous contacts with which the initial outbreak herd has been in contact. The study examines direct disease management costs (slaughter, euthanasia, disposal, surveillance, and cleaning disinfection), forgone...

  2. GEOMETRIC DESIGN OF A PASSIVE MECHANICAL KNEE FOR LOWER EXTREMITY WEARABLE DEVICES BASED ON ANTHROPOMORPHIC FOOT TASK GEOMETRY SCALING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, S; Robson, N; McCarthy, JM

    2015-01-01

    Kinematic and dynamic performance of prosthetic knee joint using six-bar mechanism”.kinematic characteristics and advantages of four-bar linkage based knee mechanisms.

  3. Recovery Act Weekly Video: 200 Area Asbestos Removal, U-Ancillary Demolition, 200 West Transfer Building Footings

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2012-06-14

    A weekly update of the Recovery Act at work. Demolition of U-Ancillary that was contaminated with uranium and asbestos as well as removing asbestos from the Steam Generation Plant in the 200 East Area.

  4. Ecological evaluation of proposed discharge of dredged material from Oakland Harbor into ocean waters (Phase 2 of -42-foot project)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Word, J.Q.; Ward, J.A.; Strand, J.A.; Kohn, N.P.; Squires, A.L. (Battelle Marine Research Lab., Sequim, WA (USA))

    1990-09-01

    The US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), San Francisco District, was authorized by the Water Resources Development Act of 1986 to deepen and widen the navigation channels of Inner and Outer Oakland Harbor, California, to accommodate modern deep-draft vessels. The recommended plan consists of deepening the harbor channels from the presently authorized water depth of {minus}35 ft mean lower low water (MLLW) to {minus}42 ft MLLW and supplying the harbor with adequate turning basins and berthing areas. Offshore ocean disposal of the dredged sediment is being considered, provided there is no evident of harmful ecological effects. It harmful ecological effects are not evident then the appropriate certifications from state environmental quality agencies and concurrence from the Environmental Protection Agency can be obtained to allow disposal of sediment. To help provide the scientific basis for determining whether Oakland Harbor sediments are suitable for offshore disposal, the Battelle/Marine Sciences Laboratory (MSL) collected sediment cores from 23 stations in Inner and Outer Oakland Harbor, evaluated these sediment cores geologically, performed chemical analyses for selected contaminants in sediments, conducted a series of solid phase toxicity tests with four sensitive marine invertebrates and assessed the bioaccumulation potential of sediment-associated contaminants in the tissues of Macoma Nasuta. 43 refs., 26 figs., 61 tabs.

  5. GEOMETRIC DESIGN OF A PASSIVE MECHANICAL KNEE FOR LOWER EXTREMITY WEARABLE DEVICES BASED ON ANTHROPOMORPHIC FOOT TASK GEOMETRY SCALING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, S; Robson, N; McCarthy, JM

    2015-01-01

    2004. “On the modeling of passive motion of the human kneeGEOMETRIC DESIGN OF A PASSIVE MECHANICAL KNEE FOR LOWERsynthesis of a planar passive four-bar linkage that can be

  6. Recovery Act Weekly Video: 200 Area Asbestos Removal, U-Ancillary Demolition, 200 West Transfer Building Footings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-01-01

    A weekly update of the Recovery Act at work. Demolition of U-Ancillary that was contaminated with uranium and asbestos as well as removing asbestos from the Steam Generation Plant in the 200 East Area.

  7. Technical and economic evaluation of selected compact drill rigs for drilling 10,000 foot geothermal production wells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huttrer, G.W. [Geothermal Management Company, Inc., Frisco, CO (United States)

    1997-11-01

    This report summarizes the investigation and evaluation of several {open_quotes}compact{close_quotes} drill rigs which could be used for drilling geothermal production wells. Use of these smaller rigs would save money by reducing mobilization costs, fuel consumption, crew sizes, and environmental impact. Advantages and disadvantages of currently-manufactured rigs are identified, and desirable characteristics for the {open_quotes}ideal{close_quotes} compact rig are defined. The report includes a detailed cost estimate of a specific rig, and an evaluation of the cost/benefit ratio of using this rig. Industry contacts for further information are given.

  8. The influence of ankle-foot orthosis stiffness on walking performance in individuals with lower-limb impairments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    using selective laser sintering. Three-dimensional kinematic and kinetic data and electromyographic data

  9. Low magnitude high frequency vibrations applied to the foot through the pedal of a human powered artificial gravity (HPAG) cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webster, Bruce Naakaii Ts'oh

    2006-01-01

    Astronauts are exposed to hazards unique to space travel. These hazards include radiation exposure and adaptation of the human body to the microgravity environment. For lunar and low earth orbital missions, the exposure ...

  10. Surface Level Fluctuation in Cedar Creek Bog, Minnesota Author(s): Murray F. Buell and Helen Foot Buell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    (L.) R. & S. Typha latifoliaL. occursscatteredhereandthere. Salix petiolarisSm., S. bebbiaizaOeder.,Rhaninusalnifolia L'Her., AndromedaglaucophyllaLink, Rhus vernix L. and several species of Salix. A dense growthof

  11. NSTX Upgrade Umbrella Arch and Foot Reinforcements, Local Dome Details 1 | P a g e NSTX Upgrade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    clevis restraint/support. Calculation (Calculation is either documented here or attached) Attached was accomplished.) With recommended reinforcements, the 3/4 inch 316 bolts are acceptable for the upgrade loads in strength by integrating it with the TF strap support. Cognizant Engineer's printed name, signature

  12. Smart infrastructure for carbon foot print analysis of Electric Vehicles V Suresh, G Hill, Prof P T Blythe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    ]. Manuscript received April 11, 2010. This work was supported in part by the U.K Technology Strategy Board T Blythe Abstract-- Electric powered vehicles use energy stored in some form of battery for the vehicle under different conditions. By measuring the energy usage on any particular journey the equivalent

  13. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ROBOTICS, VOL. 25, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2009 51 Powered AnkleFoot Prosthesis Improves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herr, Hugh

    walking. The rate of oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide production is measured as a determinant-knee prostheses are completely passive during stance, and consequently, their mechanical properties remain fixed.1109/TRO.2008.2008747 springs or carbon composite leaf springs that store and release energy during

  14. Vertical vibration of a circular footing on a linear-wave-velocity B. B. GUZINA and R. Y. S. PAKy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guzina, Bojan

    Āaire. A l'aide d'une re- preĀsentation du potentiel de deĀplacement et de transformations inteĀgrales, ils formulent le prob- leĮme dynamique sous la forme d'un ensemble de doubles eĀquations inteĀgrales que l'on peut reĀ- duire aĮ une eĀquation inteĀgrale de Fredholm du deuxieĮme ordre. Les reĀsultats nume

  15. Sparse Bayesian Variable Selection for the Identification of Antigenic Variability in the Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaski, Samuel

    of Glasgow, UK v.davies.1@research.gla.ac.uk Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health model using spike and slab priors which is able to predict antigenic variability and identify sites of new virus strains, the need to produce effective vaccines has become ever more vital. Predicting where

  16. Development of the Robotic Touch foot Sensor for 2D walking Robot, for Studying Rough Terrain Locomotion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hunwoo

    2012-08-31

    SENSOR ………..14 2.1 Making coil flat and spiral…………………………………………….....14 2.2 Current generator..……………………………………………………….17 2.3 Passive low pass filter….……..…………………………………………19 2.4 Analog to Digital conversion with a sampling clock generator…………19 2....5 Power management and avoiding redundancy with multiplexers……….21 2.6 Microprocessor to read ADC …………………………………………...23 2.7 Test beds for developed sensors…………………………………………23 3. Trouble shoots……………………………………………………………………25 3.1 Interference among coils...

  17. Technical Report from DCE Danish Centre for Environment and Energy No. 58 2015 SVALBARD PINK-FOOTED GOOSE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bataillon, Thomas

    /15 6 3 Productivity autumn 2014 8 4 Harvest in Norway and Denmark 2014/15 11 5 Spring weatherTechnical Report from DCE ­ Danish Centre for Environment and Energy No. 58 2015 SVALBARD PINK AND ENERGY AU #12;[Blank page] #12;Technical Report from DCE ­ Danish Centre for Environment and Energy 2015

  18. SHASTA COUNTY The Shasta County Jail is a 115,035 square-foot facility located in Redding. Built in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : · Replacing the electric boiler with a natural gas-fired boiler to provide hot water for domestic, kitchen

  19. An investigation of the bearing capacity of footings under eccentric and inclined loading on sand in a geotechnical centrifuge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, R.G.; Tanaka, H.

    1984-01-01

    The application of centrifuge modelling to geotechnicalADVANCES IN GEOTECHNICAL CENTRIFUGE MODELING A symposium onAdvances in Geotechnical Centrifuge Modeling was held on

  20. Microsoft Word - Chemetall Foote_Kings Mountain and Silver Peak Final EA 9-15-10-1 _3_

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on77 PAGE OF PAGESpersonal March 3, 2015CM TheCX-100 BehaviorDOE5

  1. Forty-Six-Foot Tall Needle Sculpture Rises Over Arts Quad > EMC2 News > The

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journal Article)Forthcoming Upgrades to the ARM MMCRs: Improved RadarEnergy

  2. ,/ t"tSlifornla Energy Building Regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heating Equipment · Maintenance Information ··········· Responsibility of Equipment Suppliers Exceptional. "Conditioned floor area" means the floor area of conditioned space on all floors. including basements. intermediate floor tiers. and penthouses. measured from the exterior faces of exterior walls and the exterior

  3. Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Continuous Exterior Insulation for Factory Built Housing (Fact Sheet) Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Stud Walls With Continuous Exterior...

  4. Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Attachment Over Thick Exterior Insulating Sheathing (Fact Sheet) Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Cladding Attachment Over Thick Exterior...

  5. A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development at the Local Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01

    operational energy intensity (per square foot) by 20% belowoperational energy intensity (per square foot) by 20% belowfoot, reducing per-square-foot energy costs (currently $1.50

  6. Strategies for energy benchmarking in cleanrooms and laboratory-type facilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sartor, Dale; Piette, Mary Ann; Tschudi, William; Fok, Stephen

    2000-01-01

    4 to 100 times more energy per square foot than conventionalcomparison of energy consumption per square foot is ofbeyond total energy use per square foot. Frequently owners

  7. Quantifying the Comprehensive Greenhouse Gas Co-Benefits of Green Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mozingo, Louise; Arens, Ed

    2014-01-01

    gas,  to  the  per-­?square-­?foot  energy  consumption  emissions  per  square  foot  from  operational  energy  per  square  foot  of  office  building  as  operational  energy,  

  8. High Performance Healthcare Buildings: A Roadmap to Improved Energy Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singer, Brett C.

    2010-01-01

    tech hospitals use more energy per square foot but presentlyenergy intensity (energy used per square foot of facilitythermal units of energy on site per square foot of floor

  9. Assessment of Energy Impact of Window Technologies for Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Tianzhen

    2014-01-01

    12 - Building Energy Savings per Square Foot of Window13 - Building Energy Savings per Square Foot of Windowshows the energy savings per square foot of window area for

  10. Smart Buildings: Business Case and Action Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ehrlich, Paul

    2009-01-01

    Labor Category  Energy  Operations  Total (per square foot) costs Strategy  Energy  Operations  Total (per square foot) Combined energy and operations benefits  $ per square foot 

  11. Multiphoton above-threshold detachment of Li-: Exterior-complex-scaling– generalized-pseudospectral method for calculations of complex-quasienergy resonances in Floquet formulation of time-dependent density-functional theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Telnov, Dmitry A.; Chu, Shih-I

    2002-10-25

    # (131011 W/cm2) 2.06 @ 25 # 9.96 @ 25 # 22.601 @ 22 # 1.49 @ 25 # 5.60 @ 25 # 22.659 @ 22 # 8.78 @ 26 # 1.36 @ 24 # 22.768 @ 22 # 3.47 @ 26 # 1.71 @ 24 # 22.690 @ 22 # 1.33 @ 26 # 1.53 @ 24 # 22.649 @ 22 # ment channel is closed for the frequencies 0...

  12. Building America Case Study: Excavationless Exterior-Side Foundation Insulation for Existing Homes, Minneapolis, Minnesota (Fact Sheet), Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels ResearchofDerivativeCold Climate Foundation

  13. Building America Case Study: Exterior Insulation Pre- and Post-Retrofit, Syracuse, New York (Fact Sheet), Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels ResearchofDerivativeCold Climate FoundationTotal Heating and Cooling

  14. Building America Case Study: Exterior Insulation Pre- and Post-Retrofit, Syracuse, New York (Fact Sheet), Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels ResearchofDerivativeCold Climate FoundationTotal Heating and Cooling

  15. Building America Case Study: Initial and Long Term Movement of Cladding Installed Over Exterior Rigid Insulation (Fact Sheet), Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels ResearchofDerivativeCold Climate FoundationTotalTestingWallsInitial

  16. Exterior Rigid Foam Insulation at the Edge of a Slab Foundation, Fresno, California (Fact Sheet), Building America Case Study: Efficient Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Building Technologies Office (BTO)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015Executive Order 13514 Federal LeadershipDepartment ofEnergy

  17. Stud Walls With Continuous Exterior Insulation for Factory Built Housing: New York, New York (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory), Building America Case Study Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Building Technologies Office (BTO)

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLEStatutory Authority for an SPRDepartment ofPrograms Division,Stud

  18. Community College Student First Year Fall to Fall Persistence: Experiences of Successful First-Time-In-College Hispanics at a Predominately Hispanic Student Community College in the South Texas/Mexico Border Region 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canales, Luzelma

    2012-02-14

    As the United States and Texas become increasingly dependent on the success of Hispanics in higher education based on degree attainment, decision-makers and policy-makers are looking for strategies for addressing the ...

  19. Percieved influence of societal dissonance, self-efficacy, African American male mentorship, and institutional support on the success of African American Males in a predominantly whie insitution of higher education 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Ronald William

    2009-05-15

    For the past decade the attainment gap in college admission and graduation rates between Black males and their White counterparts has continued to grow. A growing body of research has held that there is a negative correlation ...

  20. The Relationship Between Principal Ethnicity and Other Chosen Demographics and Student Achievement as Measured by the Texas Education Agency's Accountability Rating System in Predominantly Hispanic Public High Schools in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tresslar, Christopher A.

    2010-07-14

    The focus of this study was to examine the relationship between principal ethnicity and other chosen demographics (community type of the school, average years of teacher experience, and percent of students qualifying as economically disadvantaged...

  1. Structure and sequence analyses of Bacteroides proteins BVU_4064 and BF1687 reveal presence of two novel predominantly-beta domains, predicted to be involved in lipid and cell surface interactions

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Natarajan, Padmaja; Punta, Marco; Kumar, Abhinav; Yeh, Andrew P; Godzik, Adam; Aravind, L.

    2015-01-16

    N-terminal domains of BVU_4064 and BF1687 proteins from Bacteroides vulgatus and Bacteroides fragilis respectively are members of the Pfam family PF12985 (DUF3869). Proteins containing a domain from this family can be found in most Bacteroides species and, in large numbers, in all human gut microbiome samples. Both BVU_4064 and BF1687 proteins have a consensus lipobox motif implying they are anchored to the membrane, but their functions are otherwise unknown. The C-terminal half of BVU_4064 is assigned to protein family PF12986 (DUF3870); the equivalent part of BF1687 was unclassified.

  2. Summary of Information and Resources Related to Energy Use in Healthcare Facilities - Version 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singer, Brett C.

    2010-01-01

    energy intensity (energy use per square foot per year) – arebelieved their energy cost per square foot will decrease,

  3. Cleanroom energy benchmarking results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tschudi, William; Xu, Tengfang

    2001-01-01

    comparisons of energy use per square foot are of littleAnnual Energy Cost per Cleanroom Square Foot Annual Fuel

  4. Vertical relationships between manufacturers and retailers: inference with limited data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villas-Boas, Sofia B.

    2007-01-01

    energy prices IL Retail average price ($ per square foot)rents ($ per square foot) Retail rent cap (%) Energy prices

  5. California Baseline Energy Demands to 2050 for Advanced Energy Pathways

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M.

    2008-01-01

    End use energy consumption per square-foot and floorspaceof floorspace and energy consumption per square-foot, for 10

  6. Cleanroom energy benchmarking in high-tech and biotech industries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tschudi, William; Benschine, Kathleen; Fok, Stephen; Rumsey, Peter

    2001-01-01

    comparisons of energy per square foot are of little valueAnnual Energy Cost per Cleanroom Square Foot Annual Fuel

  7. Web-based energy information systems for energy management and demand response in commercial buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motegi, Naoya; Piette, Mary Ann; Kinney, Satkartar; Herter, Karen

    2003-01-01

    in terms of energy use per square foot normalizes energy usedefinition is energy use per square foot. S Rate tariff

  8. Energy Efficiency and Commercial-Mortgage Valuation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

    2012-01-01

    and other non-energy expenses per square foot have aenergy costs on building transactions prices per square foot.

  9. A Review of Energy Reduction Competitions. What Have We Learned?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edward, Vine; Jones, Christopher M

    2015-01-01

    Portfolio Manager. Energy (kBtu) per square foot is comparedchange in energy use per square foot Program Evaluation

  10. Early evaluation of a second generation information monitoring and diagnostic system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2002-01-01

    use intensity (energy use per square foot) relative to theth percentile in energy use per square foot among California

  11. Financing Energy Upgrades for K-12 School Districts: A Guide to Tapping into Funding for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Improvements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borgeson, Merrian

    2014-01-01

    Per Student and Per Square Foot Energy-related Improvementsrates, energy consumption per student and per square foot

  12. Using Energy Information Systems (EIS): A Guidebook for the U.S. Postal Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foster, Dale; Hough, Ben; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William; Goldman, Charles

    2004-01-01

    Looking at facility energy use per square foot allows for aand report annual energy use per square foot. This report

  13. INTERVALS OF RADIAL INTERPLANETARY MAGNETIC FIELDS AT 1 AU, THEIR ASSOCIATION WITH RAREFACTION REGIONS, AND THEIR APPARENT MAGNETIC FOOT POINTS AT THE SUN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orlove, Steven T.; Smith, Charles W.; Vasquez, Bernard J.; Schwadron, Nathan A.; Skoug, Ruth M.; Zurbuchen, Thomas H.; Zhao Liang E-mail: Charles.Smith@unh.edu E-mail: N.Schwadron@unh.edu E-mail: thomasz@umich.edu

    2013-09-01

    We have examined 226 intervals of nearly radial interplanetary magnetic field orientations at 1 AU lasting in excess of 6 hr. They are found within rarefaction regions as are the previously reported high-latitude observations. We show that these rarefactions typically do not involve high-speed wind such as that seen by Ulysses at high latitudes during solar minimum. We have examined both the wind speeds and the thermal ion composition before, during and after the rarefaction in an effort to establish the source of the flow that leads to the formation of the rarefaction. We find that the bulk of the measurements, both fast- and slow-wind intervals, possess both wind speeds and thermal ion compositions that suggest they come from typical low-latitude sources that are nominally considered slow-wind sources. In other words, we find relatively little evidence of polar coronal hole sources even when we examine the faster wind ahead of the rarefaction regions. While this is in contrast to high-latitude observations, we argue that this is to be expected of low-latitude observations where polar coronal hole sources are less prevalent. As with the previous high-latitude observations, we contend that the best explanation for these periods of radial magnetic field is interchange reconnection between two sources of different wind speed.

  14. Effective contact of cattle and feral swine facilitating potential foot-and-mouth disease virus transmission in southern Texas, USA rangeland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De La Garza, Guadalupe Ray, III

    2009-05-15

    through use of animals fitted with global positioning system (GPS) radiotelemetry collars. Geospatial and temporally referenced inter- and intra-species contact data were analyzed using 1) basic descriptive iv statistics, 2) unadjusted... for the past 3 years who has sacrificed her time and energy to make sure that I never lacked in support concerning professional or personal matters. Through you, I have gained valuable knowledge untaught by the academia system. I would also like to thank...

  15. Ecological evaluation of proposed discharge of dredged material from Oakland Harbor into ocean waters (Phase 3 B of -42-foot project)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kohn, N.P.; Ward, J.A.; Mayhew, H.L.; Word, J.Q.; Barrows, E.S.; Goodwin, S.M.; Lefkovitz, L.F. )

    1992-06-01

    The Water Resources Development Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-662) authorized the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) San Francisco District, to deepen and widen the navigational channels of the Oakland Inner and Outer Harbors to accomodate deeper-draft vessels. The USACE is considering several disposal options for the dredged material removed during these channel improvements including open-water disposal. Dredged material proposed for open-water disposal must be evaluated to determine the potential impacts of the disposal activity on the water column and disposal site enviromments. The USACE requested that Battelle/Marine Sciences Laboratory (MSL) conduct studies to evaluate open-water disposal options for Oakland Harbor sediments. This request developed into the Oakland Harbor Phase III Program. This is Volume 1 of a two-volume report that presents information gathered to determine the suitability of ocean disposal of sediments dredged from Oakland Harbor. This volume contains project background, materials and methods, results, discussion, and conclusions.

  16. Ecological evaluation of proposed discharge of dredged material from Oakland Harbor into ocean waters (Phase 3 B of -42-foot project). Volume 1, Analyses and discussion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kohn, N.P.; Ward, J.A.; Mayhew, H.L.; Word, J.Q.; Barrows, E.S.; Goodwin, S.M.; Lefkovitz, L.F.

    1992-06-01

    The Water Resources Development Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-662) authorized the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) San Francisco District, to deepen and widen the navigational channels of the Oakland Inner and Outer Harbors to accomodate deeper-draft vessels. The USACE is considering several disposal options for the dredged material removed during these channel improvements including open-water disposal. Dredged material proposed for open-water disposal must be evaluated to determine the potential impacts of the disposal activity on the water column and disposal site enviromments. The USACE requested that Battelle/Marine Sciences Laboratory (MSL) conduct studies to evaluate open-water disposal options for Oakland Harbor sediments. This request developed into the Oakland Harbor Phase III Program. This is Volume 1 of a two-volume report that presents information gathered to determine the suitability of ocean disposal of sediments dredged from Oakland Harbor. This volume contains project background, materials and methods, results, discussion, and conclusions.

  17. Bio-inspired Active Soft Orthotic Device for Ankle Foot Pathologies Yong-Lae Park, Bor-rong Chen, Diana Young, Leia Stirling,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Robert

    02115. {ylpark, diana.young, leia.stirling}@wyss.harvard.edu B. Chen is with the School of Engineering, Diana Young, Leia Stirling, Robert J. Wood, Eugene Goldfield, and Radhika Nagpal Abstract-- We describe Engineering and National Science Foundation (NSF) grant CNS 0932015. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions

  18. Design of an active stance-control knee-ankle-foot orthosis to assist the gait of incomplete spinal cord-injured subjects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Font, Josep Maria

    cord-injured subjects J.M. Font-Llagunes1 , R. Pąmies-Vilą1 , F. Romero2 , J. Alonso2 , U. Lugrķs3 , J of the gait of spinal cord injured (SCI) subjects equipped with active orthoses. Design of an active orthosis for incomplete SCI subjects. + = ? The project involves different tasks: Preparation of the experimental

  19. Demonstration Assessment of Light Emitting Diode (LED) Walkway Lighting at the Federal Aviation Administration William J. Hughes Technical Center, in Atlantic City, New Jersey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kinzey, Bruce R.; Myer, Michael

    2008-03-18

    This report documents the results of a collaborative project to demonstrate a solid state lighting (SSL) general illumination product in an outdoor area walkway application. In the project, six light-emitting diode (LED) luminaires were installed to replace six existing high pressure sodium (HPS) luminaires mounted on 14-foot poles on a set of exterior walkways and stairs at the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) William J. Hughes Technical Center in Atlantic City, New Jersey, during December, 2007. The effort was a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) SSL Technology Gateway Demonstration that involved a collaborative teaming agreement between DOE, FAA and Ruud Lighting (and their wholly owned division, Beta LED). Pre- and post-installation power and illumination measurements were taken and used in calculations of energy savings and related economic payback, while personnel impacted by the new lights were provided questionnaires to gauge their perceptions and feedback. The SSL product demonstrated energy savings of over 25% while maintaining illuminance levels and improving illuminance uniformity. PNNL's economic analysis yielded a variety of potential payback results depending on the assumptions used. In the best case, replacing HPS with the LED luminaire can yield a payback as low as 3 years. The new lamps were quite popular with the affected personnel, who gave the lighting an average score of 4.46 out of 5 for improvement.

  20. Technology Solutions Case Study: Moisture Durability of Vapor Permeable Insulating Sheathing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-10-01

    In this project, Building America team Building Science Corporation researched some of the ramifications of using exterior, vapor permeable insulation on retrofit walls with vapor permeable cavity insulation. Retrofit strategies are a key factor in reducing exterior building stock consumption.

  1. Moisture Durability of Vapor Permeable Insulating Sheathing (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-10-01

    In this project, Building America team Building Science Corporation researched some of the ramifications of using exterior, vapor permeable insulation on retrofit walls with vapor permeable cavity insulation. Retrofit strategies are a key factor in reducing exterior building stock consumption.

  2. Building envelope membrane as flexible formwork for concrete panels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sprague, Chelsea Lynn

    2014-01-01

    This thesis investigates the use of a building envelope membrane as fabric-like formwork for exterior cladding systems in buildings. The exterior wall system (i.e., fagade) has evolved to meet the demands of the built ...

  3. University of Oregon Atlas of Trees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cina, Jeff

    and the Campus Operations Exterior Maintenance Team, was produced in 2006. This pdf, Landscape Designer, Campus Operations (541-346-2042) · Garrick Mishaga, Exterior Supervisor, Campus Operations (541-346-2318) · Phil Carroll, Landscape Supervisor, Campus Operations

  4. LEED Study Session Session #3: Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

    Management o Sustainable Sites Credit 7.1: Landscape and Exterior o Design to Reduce Heat Islands (Non;#12;Island

  5. Hydrophilic structures for condensation management in refrigerator appliances

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kuehl, Steven John; Vonderhaar, John J; Wu, Guolian; Wu, Mianxue

    2014-10-21

    A refrigerator appliance that includes a freezer compartment having a freezer compartment door, and a refrigeration compartment having at least one refrigeration compartment door. The appliance further includes a mullion with an exterior surface. The mullion divides the compartments and the exterior surface directs condensation toward a transfer point. The appliance may also include a cabinet that houses the compartments and has two sides, each with an exterior surface. Further, at least one exterior surface directs condensation toward a transfer point.

  6. Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Beaini, S.

    2010-01-01

    coating, and argon?filled cavities.  Exterior Doors: Kevlar reinforced door shell with vacuum?sealed  aerogel 

  7. Molten metal reactor and method of forming hydrogen, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide using the molten alkaline metal reactor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bingham, Dennis N.; Klingler, Kerry M.; Turner, Terry D.; Wilding, Bruce M.

    2012-11-13

    A molten metal reactor for converting a carbon material and steam into a gas comprising hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide is disclosed. The reactor includes an interior crucible having a portion contained within an exterior crucible. The interior crucible includes an inlet and an outlet; the outlet leads to the exterior crucible and may comprise a diffuser. The exterior crucible may contain a molten alkaline metal compound. Contained between the exterior crucible and the interior crucible is at least one baffle.

  8. Molten metal reactors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bingham, Dennis N; Klingler, Kerry M; Turner, Terry D; Wilding, Bruce M

    2013-11-05

    A molten metal reactor for converting a carbon material and steam into a gas comprising hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide is disclosed. The reactor includes an interior crucible having a portion contained within an exterior crucible. The interior crucible includes an inlet and an outlet; the outlet leads to the exterior crucible and may comprise a diffuser. The exterior crucible may contain a molten alkaline metal compound. Contained between the exterior crucible and the interior crucible is at least one baffle.

  9. Heat pump having improved defrost system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chen, Fang C. (Knoxville, TN); Mei, Viung C. (Oak Ridge, TN); Murphy, Richard W. (Knoxville, TN)

    1998-01-01

    A heat pump system includes, in an operable relationship for transferring heat between an exterior atmosphere and an interior atmosphere via a fluid refrigerant: a compressor; an interior heat exchanger; an exterior heat exchanger; an accumulator; and means for heating the accumulator in order to defrost the exterior heat exchanger.

  10. Heat pump having improved defrost system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chen, F.C.; Mei, V.C.; Murphy, R.W.

    1998-12-08

    A heat pump system includes, in an operable relationship for transferring heat between an exterior atmosphere and an interior atmosphere via a fluid refrigerant: a compressor; an interior heat exchanger; an exterior heat exchanger; an accumulator; and means for heating the accumulator in order to defrost the exterior heat exchanger. 2 figs.

  11. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Facilities Building NE49

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herr, Hugh

    Install site drainage and infrastructure for temp. utilities for bldg. construction Exterior B 8 Flush and backfill new 30" CHW Main Exterior C 9 Install drainage pipe and backfill utilities under Bldg. 39 Exterior, Electrical, Plumbing, Fire Protection MH - Manhole SOE - Support of Excavation SS - Sanitary Sewer SD - Storm

  12. Doing Well By Doing Good? Green Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eichholtz, Piet; Kok, Nils; Quigley, John M.

    2009-01-01

    measure energy usage in thousands of BTUs per square foot ofEnergy consumption is measured in kBTUs per square foot ofin dollars per square foot) Green Rating (1 = yes) Energy

  13. Workshop Proceedings of the Industrial Building Energy Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akbari, H.

    2008-01-01

    just a little bit in energy per square foot or employee; orenergy intensity, or the electricity demand per square foot,energy-demand forecasting standpoint, such data (giving kWhs per square foot

  14. PROCEEDINGS OF 1976 SUMMER WORKSHOP ON AN ENERGY EXTENSION SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2010-01-01

    That is, the energy demand per square foot of space has alsoand the actual energy use per square foot of residential orthan an energy budget of 55,000 Btus per square foot per

  15. Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaffee, Dwight M.; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy E.

    2010-01-01

    expenses per square foot nor is the Energy Star Certi?energy prices will rise are associated with higher expenses per square foot.Energy Star is not statistically associated with transactions values per square foot.

  16. Program Potential: Estimates of Federal Energy Cost Savings from Energy Efficient Procurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Margaret

    2014-01-01

    in terms of energy intensity per square foot of buildingrelated energy consumption per square foot of building.so that the energy consumption per gross square foot of the

  17. Analysis of Energy Use in Building Services of the Industrial Sector in California: A Literature Review and a Preliminary Characterization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akbari, H.

    2008-01-01

    in the ratio of energy per square foot and in the cost perhours per week, energy use per square foot) to include suchOn-site energy use) Electric Btu per year-square foot Cost

  18. Energy Information Handbook: Applications for Energy-Efficient Building Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granderson, Jessica

    2013-01-01

    period durations. Energy usage per square foot is discussedEUI), or annual energy use per square foot per year [kWh/sf/the cost per square foot of annual energy use is a valuable

  19. Seeing Green: Speculative Urbanism in the Green Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knuth, Sarah

    2014-01-01

    before 1920 use less energy, per square foot, than buildingsdemand, lower energy use per square foot often fails to meanAverage Rent per Square Foot for LEED or Energy Star

  20. U.S. Energy Service Company Industry: Market Size and Project Performance from 1990-2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larsen, Peter

    2014-01-01

    non-energy-related annual dollar savings per square foot bymore to install per square foot (see non-energy projects inenergy retrofits at K- 12 schools typically cost more to install per square foot

  1. ENERGY-EFFICIENT NEW COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS IN THE NORTHWEST REGION: A COMPILATION OF MEASURED DATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piette, M.A.

    2010-01-01

    small offices use less energy per square foot than the largeterms of total mall energy per square foot is complicated by7 shows 1983 energy costs per square foot for 171 shops,

  2. Labs21 sustainable design programming checklist version 1.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathew, Paul; Greenberg, Steve

    2005-01-01

    i.e.a low ventilation energy per square foot of building) iselectrical energy use per gross square foot of building Peaksite energy use (electrical + fuel) per gross square foot of

  3. Evolution of the U.S. Energy Service Company Industry: Market Size and Project Performance from 1990-2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldman, Charles A.

    2013-01-01

    non-energy-related annual dollar savings per square foot bynon-energy-related annual dollar savings per square foot bymore to install per square foot (see non-energy projects in

  4. Sustainability - is it for the CIO?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mangal, Vandana Ann

    2010-01-01

    use 20-100 watts of energy per square foot, with newer, moreconsumed or energy intensity per square foot in a companyper square foot. Server and other IT equipment consume about three-quarters of this energy, and

  5. Public and Institutional Markets for ESCO Services: Comparing Programs, Practices and Prformance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; McWilliams, Jennifer; Birr, Dave; Stoughton McMordie, Kate

    2005-01-01

    a reduction in energy use per square foot by 35% over a 1985we report energy savings per square foot of retrofittedbe that the lower energy savings per square foot in schools,

  6. Energy Efficiency Retrofits for U.S. Housing: Removing the Bottlenecks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bardhan, Ashok; Jaffee, Dwight; Kroll, Cynthia; Wallace, Nancy

    2013-01-01

    2009 used 15% less energy per square foot than homes builtEnergy, by Building Type, As of 2009 Per Square Foot PerEnergy, By Vintage of Residence, as of 2009 Per Household Total # of Per Square Foot

  7. Is Efficiency Enough? Towards a New Framework for Carbon Savings in the California Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moezzi, Mithra; Diamond, Rick

    2005-01-01

    14 shows energy consumption per square foot by size ofare based on energy use per square foot, and not on totalsame site energy consumption per square foot of floor area (

  8. Current Size and Remaining Market Potential of the U.S. Energy Service Company Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Elizabeth

    2014-01-01

    typical annual energy savings per square foot (MMBtu/ft 2 )and (2) annual energy savings per square foot– disaggregatedper square foot (often because these projects install onsite generation or renewable energy

  9. Achieving Energy Savings with Highly-Controlled Lighting in an Open-Plan Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubinstein, Francis

    2010-01-01

    Daily energy density in watt-hours per square foot per daya daily energy use of 13.25 watt-hours per square foot perenergy use is approximately 0.15 watt-hours per square foot

  10. High-Tech Means High-Efficiency: The Business Case for Energy Management in High-Tech Industries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamshoian, Gary; Blazek, Michele; Naughton, Phil; Seese, Robert S.; Mills, Evan; Tschudi, William

    2005-01-01

    100-times as much energy per square foot as a typical officeuses far more energy and water per square foot than thewhole-building energy savings ($3.60 per square foot annual

  11. Energy efficient data centers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tschudi, William; Xu, Tengfang; Sartor, Dale; Koomey, Jon; Nordman, Bruce; Sezgen, Osman

    2004-01-01

    while increasing energy use per square foot. 4. Fast trackan energy density value expressed in watts per square foot (an energy density value expressed in watts per square foot (

  12. Evaluation of metrics and baselines for tracking greenhouse gas emissions trends: Recommendations for the California climate action registry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn; Murtishaw, Scott; Worrell, Ernst

    2003-01-01

    from building energy use per square foot or square meter !buildings is the energy consumed per square foot (or meter).the unit energy consumption per square foot, correcting the

  13. Baseline information development for energy smart schools -- applied research, field testing and technology integration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Tengfang; Piette, Mary Ann

    2004-01-01

    metric is the energy used per square foot of total schoolelectricity energy use per square foot of school buildingNatural gas energy use per square foot of school building

  14. Persistence of Behavioral Energy Management Activities and Savings in Commercial Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ochsner, Heidi; Jones, Alden; Siong, Rita

    2014-01-01

    are the energy consumption per square foot savings estimatesratio of the energy savings per square foot to the assumedt’ U it = The energy savings per square foot for a group ‘i’

  15. The Economics of Green Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eichholtz, Piet; Kok, Nils; Quigley, John M.

    2010-01-01

    use, kBTUs of energy used per square foot, normalized forbetween site energy consumption per square foot and sourceand their site energy use per square foot (per degree day)

  16. MEASURED ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF ENERGY-EFFICIENT NEW COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS: RESULTS FROM THE BECA-CN DATA COMPILATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piette, M.A.

    2010-01-01

    same amount of energy per square foot as the entire sample.average, about as much energy per square foot as the averagestruction costs per square foot and energy intensities; it

  17. Action-Oriented Benchmarking: Concepts and Tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Evan; California Energy Commission

    2008-01-01

    metrics (e.g. energy per square foot) System or end-usee.g. lighting energy use per square foot) Peak electricitymetrics (e.g. energy expenditures per square foot) Energy-

  18. Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

    2012-01-01

    operating expenses per square foot nor is the Energy Starenergy prices will rise are associated with higher expenses per square foot.price per square foot and it is regressed on energy price

  19. Healthcare Energy Efficiency Research and Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lanzisera,, Judy Lai, Steven M.

    2012-01-01

    can’t be judged on energy per square foot in a meaningfulmedian energy intensity of 470 kBtu per square foot per yearequipment energy use intensity, e.g. as kWh per square foot

  20. Review of California and National Methods for Energy Performance Benchmarking of Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matson, Nance E.; Piette, Mary Ann

    2005-01-01

    EUIs (less energy consumption per square foot per year),Building energy usage is normalized per square foot perBuilding energy usage is normalized per square foot per

  1. Report to Congress on Server and Data Center Energy Efficiency: Public Law 109-431

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Richard; Alliance to Save Energy; ICF Incorporated; ERG Incorporated; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

    2008-01-01

    and law to reduce energy per square foot in their facilitiesThe high energy use per square foot of data centers isbuilding energy use per gross square foot (GSF) by three

  2. Doing Well by Doing Good? Green Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eichholtz, Piet; Kok, Nils; Quigley, John M.

    2009-01-01

    Energy consumption is measured in kBTUs per square foot ofmeasure energy usage in thousands of BTUs per square foot ofin dollars per square foot) Green rating (1 = yes) Energy

  3. Deep Energy Retrofits - Eleven California Case Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Less, Brennan

    2014-01-01

    is used. When energy per square foot is used, P5 becomes theUse Per Person Energy Per Square Foot Floor Area Net Site241 Table 66 - Energy Use Per Square Foot Floor

  4. Recovery Act Changes Hanford Skyline with Explosive Demolitions...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    explosive demolitions took down two 250-foot-tall exhaust chimneys, two 90-foot-fall air filter structures, and a 140-foot-tall water tower. The water tower was marked by a "Work...

  5. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    2003 Fuel Oil Consumption Fuel Oil Expenditures per Building (gallons) per Square Foot (gallons) per Building (thousand dollars) per Square Foot (dollars) per Gallon...

  6. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gas Consumption Natural Gas Expenditures per Building (thousand cubic feet) per Square Foot (cubic feet) Distribution of Building-Level Intensities (cubic feetsquare foot) 25th...

  7. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Heat Consumption District Heat Expenditures per Building (million Btu) per Square Foot (thousand Btu) per Building (thousand dollars) per Square Foot (dollars) per Thousand...

  8. c26.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Btu) per Square Foot (thousand Btu) per Worker (million Btu) per Building (thousand dollars) per Square Foot (dollars) per Thousand Pounds (dollars) All Buildings...

  9. New Or Rehab: Striking A New Balance Under California's Affordable Housing Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenthal, Larry A.; Listokin, David

    2009-01-01

    Title 24 must reduce energy use per square foot by 25%, as promoting energy reductions per square foot by 25 percent ? 

  10. Energy efficiency programs for niche markets: The Labs21 program as an exemplar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirdzek, Phillip; Lintner, William; Mathew, Paul; Carlisle, Nancy

    2004-01-01

    highest consumer of energy per square foot for all reportingthe higher users of energy per square foot in the agency’s

  11. Incorporating Non-energy Benefits into Energy Savings Performance Contracts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larsen, Peter

    2013-01-01

    non-energy-related annual dollar savings per square foot byenergy retrofits at K-12 schools typically cost more to install per square foot

  12. What organizations did (and didn't) do: Three factors that shaped conservation responses to California's 2001 "crisis"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janda, Kathryn; Payne, Christopher; Kunkle, Rick; Lutzenhiser, Loren

    2002-01-01

    First, energy cost increases per square foot are smallper square foot when escalated to multi-tenant properties. In addition to energy

  13. Emissions of Criteria Pollutants, Toxic Air Pollutants, and Greenhouse Gases, From the Use of Alternative Transportation Modes and Fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    1996-01-01

    36.5 SCF of natural gas per square foot (Energy Information2.5 kWh per square foot for lighting (Energy Information

  14. Energy Management A Program of Energy Conservation for the Community College Facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2011-01-01

    Calculate the energy used per square foot of floor space.Btu/per square foot. LA TENT HEA T. Thermal energy absorbed

  15. Advanced Integrated Systems Technology Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    per square foot CIEE California Institute for Energy andper square foot per year (kBtu/ft 2 /yr)), site energy.

  16. Regressions of length and width to predict arthropod biomass in the Hawaiian Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruner, Daniel S

    2003-01-01

    1996, pyrethrum canopy fogging of Met- rosideros polymorpha,1996, pyrethrum canopy fogging, D. Foote, D. S. Gruner, and1996, pyrethrum canopy fogging, D. Foote, D. S. Gruner, and

  17. c33.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per Building (gallons) per Square Foot (gallons) per Worker (gallons) per Building (thousand dollars) per Square Foot (dollars) per Gallon (dollars) All Buildings*...

  18. c33a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2 per Building (gallons) per Square Foot (gallons) per Building (thousand dollars) per Square Foot (dollars) per Gallon (dollars) All Buildings ......

  19. c21.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per Building (gallons) per Square Foot (gallons) per Worker (gallons) per Building (thousand dollars) per Square Foot (dollars) per Gallon (dollars) All Buildings...

  20. C16DIV.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    cubic feet) per Square Foot (cubic feet) per Worker (thousand cubic feet) per Building (thousand dollars) per Square Foot (dollars) per Thousand Cubic Feet (dollars) NEW...

  1. c37a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2 per Building (million Btu) per Square Foot (thousand Btu) per Building (thousand dollars) per Square Foot (dollars) per Thousand Pounds (dollars) All Buildings...

  2. c25.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per Building (million Btu) per Square Foot (thousand Btu) per Worker (million Btu) per Building (thousand dollars) per Square Foot (dollars) per Thousand Pounds (dollars) All...

  3. c37.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    per Building (million Btu) per Square Foot (thousand Btu) per Worker (million Btu) per Building (thousand dollars) per Square Foot (dollars) per Thousand Pounds (dollars) All...

  4. Mongrel Forms: Tragedy, Comedy, and Mixed Genres in Britain, 1680-1760

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Vivian

    2012-01-01

    actor. 54 Samuel Foote’s pamphlets of 1747, for example,attending to both the pamphlet controversy that occupiedof analysis include pamphlets and prints, notable for their

  5. Role of skew-symmetric differential forms in mathematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. I. Petrova

    2010-04-05

    Skew-symmetric forms possess unique capabilities. The properties of closed exterior and dual forms, namely, invariance, covariance, conjugacy and duality, either explicitly or implicitly appear in all invariant mathematical formalisms. This enables one to see an internal connection between various branches of mathematics. However, the theory of closed exterior forms cannot be completed without an answer to a question of how the closed exterior forms emerge. In the present paper we discus essentially new skew-symmetric forms, which generate closed exterior forms. Such skew-symmetric forms, which are evolutionary ones, are derived from differential equations, and, in contrast to exterior forms, they are defined on nonintegrable manifolds.

  6. Washington Closure Hanford Report of Settlement Monitoring of the ERDF Landfill

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. T. Cameron

    2008-07-30

    This report summarizes the results of the ERDF Settlement Monitoring Program conducted between August 9, 2007, and April 29, 2008, on the 35-foot and 70-foot levels of the ERDF landfill. The purpose of this monitoring program was to verify that the materials already placed under the 35-foot and 70-foot levels satisfy the settlement criteria of the conceptual cap design.

  7. Using Green Roofs to Minimize Roof Runoff Pollution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Shirley E.

    :Cost comparison for new construction: ­­ Green roofGreen roof -- $10$10--$30 per square foot$30 per square foot ­­ Traditional roofTraditional roof -- $5$5--$15 per square foot$15 per square foot Roof load evaluation required Building Council: The Leadershipg pg p in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)in Energy and Environmental

  8. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    |Natural Gas Energy Intensity | | | (billion cubic feet) | square feet) | (cubic feetsquare foot) | | |---+---+---...

  9. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Using Electricity (million |Electricity Energy Intensity | | | (billion kWh) | square feet | (kWhsquare foot) | | |---+---...

  10. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (million square | Fuel Oil Energy Intensity | | | (million gallons) | feet) | (gallonssquare foot) | | |---+---+---...

  11. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    | Natural Gas Energy Intensity | | | (billion cubic feet) | square feet) | (cubic feetsquare foot) | | |---+---+---...

  12. Green Roof Media Selection forGreen Roof Media Selection for the Minimization of Pollutantthe Minimization of Pollutant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Shirley E.

    -- $10$10--$30 per square foot$30 per square foot ­­ Traditional roofTraditional roof -- $5$5--$15 per square foot$15 per square foot Roof load evaluation required for retrofitsRoof load evaluation required Illustrations courtesy of the Federal Energy Management Program Swarthmore College Swarthmore, PA Montgomery

  13. CONCEPT LABORATORY HUMAN TESTING APPROVAL &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prosthesis RF Ablation Probe Diabetes Matrices 3D-Printed Soy Scaffolds Flexible Prosthetic Foot Adaptable

  14. Implementation Hugh Thomas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    -fertilized vegetated buffers Other: ___________ Sinks/sinkholes 50 foot non-fertilized vegetated buffer Other

  15. Computerized fire modeling as an effective tool for glovebox fire safety

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-01-01

    In 1986, DOE instituted a program of intense audits by outside safety experts as a result of increased awareness of safety related issues. These audits were referred to as (TSA's). In 1988, a third TSA was conducted of one of the major production buildings. One of the findings of a Technical Safety Appraisal (TSA) was that at Rocky Flats fire dampers are not installed within HVAC ductwork where the duct passes through fire barrier walls. Fire dampers are not utilized in ductwork because the exhaust air flow from process areas is critical from a radiological containment standpoint. Without adequate exhaust during a postulated fire, there would be the potential for radiological contamination exterior to the building. Due to this is an intolerable situation, fire dampers are not utilized. The final solution investigated was to attack the problem through the use of a computerized fire model of critical fire areas. The fact that fuel loading in most production areas was very low (3 to 7 pounds per square foot) led to the hypothesis that insufficient fire intensity exists to cause collapse of the duct. In order to validate this approach, two critical elements were needed. The first was a method to postulate a fire in the fire areas'' and the second was to determine at what exact point ducts will actually collapse. The best approach for the first element was through the use of a computerized fire model. The second element approach would be through either sound full scale fire testing or through a complete research search of past tests.

  16. Integrating affordability, energy and environmental efficiency, air quality and disaster resistance into residential design and construction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cook, G.D. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)

    1995-12-31

    Much has been researched and written about the individual qualities of good home design and construction in terms of: energy efficiency; affordability; indoor air quality; sustainability; and wind, fire, and flood resistance. The real challenge is to integrate all these characteristics into the ideal house. The purpose of this paper is to review the characteristics of each of the above features and explore the integration of them into the ideal residential structure. The house would take the shape of a compact two story structure. A geometrically compact structure uses less construction materials per floor area, presents less area for improved thermal efficiency, and less profile for wind and flood resistance. The first floor would be constructed using insulated strong high thermal mass masonry system resistant to flood, wind, fire, and termite damage. The second story would be constructed using a lighter reinforced wood frame system with between stud insulation coupled with exterior insulated sheathing to minimize thermal bridging across studs. Optimizing floor plan such as separating living and sleeping areas present opportunities for efficient split HVAC zoning, natural ventilation, and solar passive adaptation. The design would emphasize the 4, 8, and 12 foot dimensioning for waste reduction; selection of environmentally friendly building materials, such as cellulose insulation; and efficient lighting and appliances. Features providing improved indoor air quality such as prudent duct selection, design and location, use of radon barriers, omission of carpeting, and control of moisture would be addressed. The design philosophy, concepts and rationale for the integration of these and many other features of the ideal residence will be addressed and illustrated.

  17. Paper D-018, in: E.A. Foote and G.S. Durell (Conference Chairs), Remediation of Contaminated Sediments--2007. Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Remediation of Contaminated Sediments (Savannah, Georgia;

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rockne, Karl J.

    or excavated materials. Due to stability requirements, a geonet or other geotextile liner materials would

  18. Veterinary Medicine Research Facility 3B Sustainability Features Veterinary Medicine 3B is a four-story, 76,000 assignable square foot research building dedicated to protecting and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schladow, S. Geoffrey

    ; faucets are activated by automatic sensors, powered by batteries recharged by small turbines receiving, prompting photo sensors to turn off electric lights when enough natural light is available. Strategic

  19. Sabios, super-crips y escucha profunda: Representaciones de la discapacidad como otredad en la banda experimental argentina Reynols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aguiló, Ignacio

    2013-01-01

    en la banda experimental argentina Reynols I GNACIO A GUILÓbanda de mśsica experimental argentina Reynols. Para ello,culto no solamente en Argentina sino también en el exterior,

  20. ARIES: Building America, High Performance Factory Built Housing...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Stud Walls With Continuous Exterior Insulation for Factory Built Housing (Fact Sheet) Advanced Envelope Research for Factory-Built Housing...

  1. Building America Webinar: High Performance Enclosure Strategies...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Webinar: High Performance Enclosure Strategies: Part II, New Construction - August 13, 2014 - Cladding Attachment Over Thick Exterior Rigid Insulation Building America Webinar:...

  2. ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW FOR CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mountain Region (RMR) Small Control building which consists of a wood frame, metal roof, and brick exterior. The proposed project will consist of demolishing the current...

  3. Lower Dimensional Black Holes: Inside and Out

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. B. Mann

    1995-01-27

    I survey the physics of black holes in two and three spacetime dimensions, with special attention given to an understanding of their exterior and interior properties.

  4. CARTOON REASEARCH LIBRARY COST ESTIMATE STUDY SULLIVANT HALL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Exterior Stairs Existing Toilet Rooms Vertical Circulation Structure Natural Gas Water System Sanitary physical presence on campus · Create collection identity · Provide collection security · Provide

  5. Blog | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    reflective coatings on windows, exterior walls, and roofs to provide comfort during the cooling season. | Photo courtesy of Jason Flakes, U.S. Department of Energy Using Passive...

  6. High-performance facades design strategies and applications in North America and Northern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelenay, Krystyna; Perepelitza, Mark; Lehrer, David

    2011-01-01

    shading type Fixed exterior white-painted aluminum louvers on 2nd and 3rd floors, awning at ground floor, photovoltaic

  7. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    2x6, adding more cavity and exterior rigid insulation, achieving insulation installation criteria meeting ENERGY STAR's thermal bypass checklist. To support this activity, in 2013...

  8. Federal Buildings Supplemental Survey 1993

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... 173 87 49 49 36 91 139 Tinted or Reflective Glass or Shading Film ... 158 83 47 40 56 94 117 Exterior or Interior Shading or...

  9. Federal Buildings Supplemental Survey 1993

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... 173 172 23 12 37 82 56 17 Tinted or Reflective Glass or Shading Film ... 158 157 15 8 38 76 60 16 Exterior or Interior Shading or...

  10. Cost-Effective Wall Retrofit Solution for the Interior Side of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    for the Interior Side of Building's Exterior Wall that Supports a Phased Retrofit Cost Model - 2014 BTO Peer Review Cost-Effective Wall Retrofit Solution for the Interior...

  11. Effect of structure backfill on stiffness and capacity of bridge abutments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bozorgzadeh, Azadeh

    2007-01-01

    of exterior sacrificial shear keys of bridge abutments. ”J. Bridge Engrg. , Briaud, J. L. ,Soil-nailed wall under piled bridge abutment: simulation and

  12. REDACCIN | Un equipo de cien-tficos de la Universidad de Lei-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    leer lo que ve el paciente en su actividad neuronal tiene un gran poten- cial clķnico. Por ejemplo exterior o para desarrollar pró- tesis controladas

  13. TEXT-ALTERNATIVE VERSION: LEDs GO IVY LEAGUE

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Narrator: A typical university campus resembles a mini city, with wide ranging interior and exterior lighting applications, making a college or university an ideal testing ground when considering...

  14. Contaminants in Buildings and Occupied Spaces as Risk Factors for Occupant Symptoms in U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendell, M.J.; Mirer, A.; Lei-Gomez, Q.

    2008-01-01

    masonry exterior walls (cough, eye symptoms, and fatigue/upper respiratory symptoms, cough, eye symptoms, fatigue/or chest tightness), cough, upper respiratory (stuffy or

  15. Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    foundation insulation as the optimal method to enhance the hygrothermal performance of new homes. With exterior foundation insulation, water management strategies are maximized...

  16. Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Solutions for Existing Homes: Exterior Insulation Pre- and Post-Retrofit, Syracuse, New York Building America Team (IBACOS) - 2014 BTO Peer Review Building America Webinar:...

  17. Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: CDC Realty...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Science Corporation to design HERS-54 homes with ducts in insulated attics, solar water heating, tight air sealing, and rigid foam exterior sheathing. CDC Realty Inc.:...

  18. Integrated Performance Testing Workshop, Modules 6 - 11

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leach, Janice; Torres, Teresa M.

    2012-10-01

    These modules cover performance testing of: Interior Detection Systems; Access Controls; Exterior Detection Systems; Video Assessment Systems; SNM / Contraband Detection Systems; Access Delay Elements

  19. InGaN green light emitting diodes with deposited nanoparticles Bayram Butun a,b,c,*, Jean Cesario d,e

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ozbay, Ekmel

    -state lightning [2], displays, traffic signals, backlighting for cell phones, exterior automobile lightning good device performance, in which we expected an enhancement of the radiated intensity

  20. CX-007372: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to commercial buildings, 5) exterior lighting retrofits in city buildings, 6) energy efficient retrofits to city buildings including heating, ventilating, and air conditioning...

  1. INDOOR AIR QUALITY MEASUREMENTS IN ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollowell, C.D.

    2011-01-01

    ROOF PORT HOLES AIR REGISTERS E8 XBL 7712-11473B Figure 3 - Schematic of Exterior and Interior of Energy Efficient

  2. Central Air Conditioning | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Air supply and return ducts come from indoors through the home's exterior wall or roof to connect with the packaged air conditioner, which is usually located outdoors....

  3. CENTER FOR U.S. AND MEXICAN LAW UNIVERSITY OF HOUSTON LAW CENTER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azevedo, Ricardo

    of internships with Pemex and with the Mexican Foreign Ministry (Secretarķa de Relaciones Exteriores to applicants available for the full summer): 2. Internship Preference (Pemex or Foreign Ministry

  4. New Whole-House Solutions Case Study: CDC Realty, Tucson, Arizona

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-09-01

    This builder worked with Building Science Corporation to design HERS-54 homes with ducts in insulated attics, solar water heating, tight air sealing, and rigid foam exterior sheathing.

  5. Microsoft Word - VitPlantReceivesDeconVessels_20111027.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fahrenheit in one of two identical 90-ton melters. The mixture will then be poured into stainless steel canisters, the exterior will be decontaminated and the canisters removed...

  6. Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    exterior with tanks 12-10-10.jpg Gallery: Groundwater Treatment Resin Title: Groundwater Treatment Facility Groundwater Treatment Facility Name: Groundwater Treatment Facility...

  7. Building Energy-Efficient Schools in New Orleans: Lessons Learned...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    classrooms lack light shelves or exterior shading devices, which increase both glare and solar heat gains. A more comprehensive daylighting design may have addressed some of these...

  8. Ecological and Geochemical Aspects of Terrestrial Hydrothermal Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forrest, Matthew James

    Yellowstone Ecosystem, A. boreas breed predominantly in geothermalYellowstone Ecosystem, A. boreas breed predominantly in geothermalYellowstone Ecosystem, A. boreas breed predominantly in geothermal

  9. International Conference on Indoor Positioning and Indoor Navigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foot HS UWB WSN Geo Con Mag 08:30 08:45 WLAN Foot HS UWB WSN Geo Con Mag 09:00 09:15 WLAN Foot HS UWB WSN Geo Con 09:30 WLAN Foot 09:45 Coffee, F-Floor Coffee, F-Floor 10:00 Opening Session, G7 10:15 WLAN Foot Aw UWB WSN Geo Con Inno Demo 10:30 RF IMU Req RFID US Con 10:45 WLAN Foot Aw UWB WSN Geo Con Inno

  10. MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF THE INTERACTION PROBLEM BETWEEN ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cakoni, Fioralba

    the rate at which energy is being converted into heat in this volume. Under the considered physical field - elastic body" is closed related to exte- rior forces, heat sources and any exterior energy the electric and magnetic scattered fields in the exterior medium e and the elastic displacement field

  11. P:\\Policy & Procedures\\PP\\PP#10-Ext Lighting Maint..doc Physical Plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    P:\\Policy & Procedures\\PP\\PP#10-Ext Lighting Maint..doc Physical Plant Policy & Procedure #10 TITLE: EXTERIOR LIGHTING MAINTENANCE OBJECTIVE AND PURPOSE: To assure existing exterior lighting is maintained: ACTION MAINTENANCE DEPARTMENT (MERIDIAN) Conduct Monthly Lighting Tour (visual inspection) of all

  12. Skew-symmetric differential forms. Invariants. Realization of invariant structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. I. Petrova

    2009-01-13

    Skew-symmetric differential forms play an unique role in mathematics and mathematical physics. This relates to the fact that closed exterior skew-symmetric differential forms are invariants. The concept of "Exterior differential forms" was introduced by E.Cartan for a notation of integrand expressions, which can create the integral invariants.(The existence of integral invariants was recognized by A.Poincare while studying the general equations of dynamics.) All invariant mathematical formalisms are based on invariant properties of closed exterior forms. The invariant properties of closed exterior forms explicitly or implicitly manifest themselves essentially in all formalisms of field theory, such as the Hamilton formalism, tensor approaches, group methods, quantum mechanics equations, the Yang-Mills theory and others. They lie at the basis of field theory. However, in this case the question of how the closed exterior forms are obtained arises. In present work it is shown that closed exterior forms, which possess the invariant properties, are obtained from skew-symmetric differential forms, which, as contrasted to exterior forms, are defined on nonintegrable manifolds. The process of generating closed exterior forms describes the mechanism of realization of invariants and invariant structures.

  13. Weather-Resistive Barriers; Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs (BTS) Fact Sheet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Southface Energy Institute

    2000-11-07

    Weather-resistive barriers are a part of exterior wall systems that protect building materials from exterior water penetration. They perform like a protective shell for buildings, yet allow water vapor to escape. This fact sheet covers types and costs of weather-resistive barriers, when and how to use them, installation, details for windows and doors, and properties of weather-resistive barriers.

  14. System for closure of a physical anomaly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bearinger, Jane P; Maitland, Duncan J; Schumann, Daniel L; Wilson, Thomas S

    2014-11-11

    Systems for closure of a physical anomaly. Closure is accomplished by a closure body with an exterior surface. The exterior surface contacts the opening of the anomaly and closes the anomaly. The closure body has a primary shape for closing the anomaly and a secondary shape for being positioned in the physical anomaly. The closure body preferably comprises a shape memory polymer.

  15. [1] Durfee, W. K., and Rivard, A., 2005, "Design and simulation of a pneumatic, stored-energy, hybrid orthosis for gait restoration," J Biomech Eng, 127(6), pp. 1014-1019.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durfee, William K.

    ZIGBEE RADIO USB ZIGBEE RADIOWALKER STIMULATOR SLAVE NETBOOK USB USB, 2X FOOT SENSOR WRAP SPRING USB LAPTOP BLUETOOTH ZIGBEE RADIO USB ZIGBEE RADIOWALKER STIMULATOR SLAVE NETBOOK USB USB, 2X FOOT SENSOR

  16. ENERGY ANALYSIS PROGRAM. CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT DIVISION ANNUAL REPORT 1980

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2014-01-01

    average annual energy use per square foot for office andenergy use of an average .existing house; This requires an increased initial invest- ment of $0.75 to $1.50 per square foot.

  17. DOE Tour of Zero: The MassDevelopment Production House by Transformati...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Inc. built this certified U.S. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home for just 1.43 per square foot more than the 100 per square foot it costs to build a similar production home to...

  18. Energy Codes and the Landlord-Tenant Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papineau, Maya

    2013-01-01

    site energy use intensity (EUI) per square foot attributableenergy at the point it enters the building, normalized by building area; its unit of measurement is thousands of BTUs per square foot

  19. AN ANALYSIS OF ENERGY USE ON COMMUNITY COLLEGE CAMPUSES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    York, C.M.

    2010-01-01

    is the cost of energy per square foot per year. Again theThe total energy In used both per square foot and per FTE= Total Energy Used Per Year Total Gross Square Feet The EUI

  20. Jefferson Lab Sets Sept. 1 Groundbreaking for $73.2 M Facility...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and general contractor for pre-construction services and to build the 70,000-square-foot Technology and Engineering Development building and a 30,000-square-foot addition to...

  1. Pneumatic brake control for precision stopping of heavy-duty vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bu, Fanping; Tan, Han-Shue

    2007-01-01

    stopping” of a 40 foot CNG bus for the Bus Precision Dockingfor two different 40 foot CNG buses (c1 and c2). Althoughpressure of two different CNG buses (c1 and c2) speeds since

  2. BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATION FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (maf). One acre-foot is a volume of water equivalent to one acre covered one foot deep with water - it's a little more than 325,000 gallons. The Northwest River Forecast...

  3. 1992 CBECS C&E Table 3.29

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per Square Foot and Load Factors, 1992 Building Characteristics RSE Column Factor: All Demand-Metered Buildings Peak Watts per Square Foot Load Factor RSE Row Factor Number of...

  4. C10DIV.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Building (thousand kWh) per Square Foot (kWh) per Worker (thousand kWh) per Building (thousand dollars) per Square Foot (dollars) per kWh (dollars) NEW ENGLAND...

  5. UNITED STATE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ~ tewart L. Udall, Secretary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    tissues of the clam are the foot and the siphon or "neck. " In digging, the foot is projected and geoduck, remain virtually immobile once established in the bottom. The siphon consists of two fleshy con

  6. EA-0575: Fundamental Fluidization Research Project, Morgantown, West Virginia

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to design, construct, and operate a 2-foot diameter, 50-foot high pressurized fluidization with particular emphasis on operation in the...

  7. Pepot and the Archive: Cinephilia and the Archive Crisis of Philippine Cinema

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Bliss Cua

    2010-01-01

    a three-foot-tall ceramic doll to whom the teen stars croonplaying the transvestite part of their doll-daughter. Mariathe famous three-foot ceramic doll featured in Guy and Pip…

  8. Analysis of Rollover Shape and Energy Storage and Return in Cantilever Beam-Type Prosthetic Feet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olesnavage, Kathryn

    This paper presents an analysis of the rollover shape and energy storage and return in a prosthetic foot made from a compliant cantilevered beam. The rollover shape of a prosthetic foot is defined as the path of the center ...

  9. Remote Gas Well Monitoring Technology Applied to Marcellus Shale...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    monitoring device, and a battery, all encased in a bright orange box. A 2-foot by 5-foot solar panel maintains the battery charge, even on cloudy days. A base station module,...

  10. Energy End-Use Intensities in Commercial Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    lighting intensities per lighted square foot-hour (Figure 23). * Food service and health care buildings had the highest water-heating intensities per square foot--more than...

  11. A Fish Disease Lab, and Fisheries and Oceanic Expositions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the Horizons 76 program. Some of the exhibits include a 7-foot iceberg, working models of tidal power stations

  12. Annual Report 2014 -2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    energy use per square foot by 4% since 2010 despite increases in population and square footage (10% and 6

  13. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    square feet) Total (million dollars) per Building (thousand dollars) per Square Foot (dollars) per Million Btu (dollars) All Buildings ......

  14. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    square feet) Total (million dollars) per Building (thousand dollars) per Square Foot (dollars) per Million Btu (dollars) All Buildings* ......

  15. Imply vs. infer V.S. Sunder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sunder, V S

    cerebral palsy and was considered mentally disabled. In his autobiography My Left Foot (also a film), he

  16. Peopling of the Americas Mesoamerican Cultures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    archipelago" #12;Charki & chuńa = freeze dried meat and tubers Taclla = foot plow/hoe #12;Altiplano in C Peru

  17. EA-1715: Final Environmental Assessment

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Chemetall Foote Corporation Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Kings Mountain, NC and Silver Peak, Nevada

  18. Effects of the drought on California electricity supply and demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benenson, P.

    2010-01-01

    of one foot Bonneville Power Administration California Air600 MWe from the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). This

  19. Reinventing Infrastructure: The 101 Freeway and the Revisioning of Downtown Los Angeles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samuels, Linda C.

    2012-01-01

    a giant and very visible sinkhole caused by digging under554) The seventy foot deep sinkhole that resulted from the

  20. DECIDABILITY EXTRACTED: SYNTHESIZING "CORRECT-BY-CONSTRUCTION"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldwell, James

    in the Westbeth studio; building her a wall and then crossing the Brooklyn bridge with her on foot. Together

  1. Seismic Performance Assessment in Dense Urban Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mason, Henry Benjamin

    2011-01-01

    Kinematic interaction . . 4.4.2 Seismic footing response 6Deterministic seismic hazard analysis . . . . . . . . . .Probabilistic seismic hazard analysis . . . . . . . . .

  2. LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS OF THE H.R. MACMILLAN BUILDING, UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and operational energy usage of the H.R. MacMillan building on a square foot basis. OnCenter's OnScreen Takeoff cycle stages are considered. Highlights of the results include: 437 MJ of embodied energy per square foot, 250 kg of weighted raw resource use per square foot, and less than 0.01 kg CFC-11 equivalent

  3. MATH 4452 (Ng/Spring 2012) February 16 & 21, 2012.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Peh H.

    square foot. Through the bottom, 3 units of heat energy per square foot. Through the sides, 2 unit of heat energy per square foot. Find the minimum amount of heat that enters the refrigerator unspecified unit of time, at which heat will flow into the box: Through the top, 1 unit of heat energy per

  4. Building a More Sustainable SUSTAINABILITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    ) EnergyUse(kBTUs/Year/SquareFoot) Fiscal Year Campus Energy Use and Cost Per Square Foot (includes.50 $2.00 $2.50 $3.00 150 200 250 300 05-06 06-07 07-08 08-09 09-10 10-11 11-12 12-13 13-14 14-15 EnergyCost($/Year/SquareFoot Foot) Total Energy Costs ($/Year/Square Foot) INVESTING IN EFFICIENCY TO MEET OUR CLIMATE PROTECTION

  5. The connection between field-theory and the equations for material sistems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. I. Petrova

    2007-05-02

    The existing field theories are based on the properties of closed exterior forms, which correspond to conservation laws for physical fields. In the present paper it is shown that closed exterior forms corresponding to field theories are obtained from the equations modelling conservation (balance) laws for material sistems (material media). The process of obtaining closed exterior forms demonstrates the connection between field-theory equations and the equations for material sistems and points to the fact that the foundations of field theories must be conditioned by the properties of equations conservation laws for material sistems.

  6. Downhole component with a pressure equalization passageway

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hall, David R.; Pixton, David S.; Dahlgren, Scott; Reynolds, Jay T.; Breihan, James W.; Briscoe, Michael A.

    2006-08-22

    The present invention includes a downhole component adapted for transmitting downhole data. The downhole component includes a threaded end on a downhole component. The threaded end furthermore includes an interior region, and exterior region, and a mating surface wherein a cavity is formed. A data transmission element is disposed in the cavity and displaces a volume of the cavity. At least one passageway is formed in the threaded region between interior and exterior regions. The passageway is in fluid communication with both the interior and exterior regions and thereby relieves pressure build up of thread lubricant upon tool joint make up.

  7. Scintillator reflective layer coextrusion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yun, Jae-Chul (Naperville, IL); Para, Adam (St. Charles, IL)

    2001-01-01

    A polymeric scintillator has a reflective layer adhered to the exterior surface thereof. The reflective layer comprises a reflective pigment and an adhesive binder. The adhesive binder includes polymeric material from which the scintillator is formed. A method of forming the polymeric scintillator having a reflective layer adhered to the exterior surface thereof is also provided. The method includes the steps of (a) extruding an inner core member from a first amount of polymeric scintillator material, and (b) coextruding an outer reflective layer on the exterior surface of the inner core member. The outer reflective layer comprises a reflective pigment and a second amount of the polymeric scintillator material.

  8. Stack configurations for tubular solid oxide fuel cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Armstrong, Timothy R. (Clinton, TN); Trammell, Michael P. (Clinton, TN); Marasco, Joseph A. (Kingston, TN)

    2010-08-31

    A fuel cell unit includes an array of solid oxide fuel cell tubes having porous metallic exterior surfaces, interior fuel cell layers, and interior surfaces, each of the tubes having at least one open end; and, at least one header in operable communication with the array of solid oxide fuel cell tubes for directing a first reactive gas into contact with the porous metallic exterior surfaces and for directing a second reactive gas into contact with the interior surfaces, the header further including at least one busbar disposed in electrical contact with at least one surface selected from the group consisting of the porous metallic exterior surfaces and the interior surfaces.

  9. Towards Zero Emissions CO2-Reduction in Mediterranean Social Housing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sabate, J.; Peters, C.; Cuchi, A.; Lopez, F.; Sagrera, A.; Wadel, G.; Vidal, J.; Cantos, S.

    2008-01-01

    of lacquered aluminium with interruption of thermal bridge. Exterior carpentry made of laminated Northern pine, controlled forest management and valid certificate. Solar protection Venetian blind of lacquered aluminium with vertical, manually...

  10. 2011 - 09 | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    JLab Adopts Event Policy to Avoid Scheduling Conflicts Tue, 09132011 - 3:00pm CS Parking Lot Closed During Test Lab Exterior Painting Thu, 09012011 - 3:00pm United Way Annual...

  11. Negotiating Repair and Authenticity in the Conservation of Ornamental Architectural Stone: Managing Decay and Past Interventions on the Facades of Rosslyn Chapel and Mission San José 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nau, Anna

    of exterior carved stonework at the 15th century Rosslyn Chapel in Roslin, Scotland and the 18th century Church of Mission San José in San Antonio, Texas. Despite their stylistic, cultural and historical differences, both buildings are significant...

  12. 2011 DOE Sustainability Awards | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    million in avoided costs. The ESPC will save water at the Germantown complex and reduce energy consumption at the D.C. facility by more than 20% annually through LED exterior...

  13. Effect of estrous synchronization on the histology of the oviduct and uterus of the ewe 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoermann, Albert LeRoy

    1969-01-01

    . The reproductive tract was exteriorized through a four inch incision in proximity to the linea alba and just anterior to the udder. The ovaries, oviducts and uterus were removed after ligating their respective arterial blood supplies and ligating the uterus...

  14. Conservation laws. Generation of physical fields. Principles of field theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. I. Petrova

    2007-04-19

    In the paper the role of conservation laws in evolutionary processes, which proceed in material systems (in material media) and lead to generation of physical fields, is shown using skew-symmetric differential forms. In present paper the skew-symmetric differential forms on deforming (nondifferentiable) manifolds were used in addition to exterior forms, which have differentiable manifolds as a basis. Such skew-symmetric forms (which were named evolutionary ones since they possess evolutionary properties), as well as the closed exterior forms, describe the conservation laws. But in contrast to exterior forms, which describe conservation laws for physical fields, the evolutionary forms correspond to conservation laws for material systems. The evolutionary forms possess an unique peculiarity, namely, the closed exterior forms are obtained from these forms. It is just this that enables one to describe the process of generation of physical fields, to disclose connection between physical fields and material systems and to resolve many problems of existing field theories.

  15. Liners for ion transport membrane systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carolan, Michael Francis (Allentown, PA); Miller, Christopher Francis (Macungie, PA)

    2010-08-10

    Ion transport membrane system comprising (a) a pressure vessel comprising an interior, an exterior, an inlet, an inlet conduit, an outlet, and an outlet conduit; (b) a plurality of planar ion transport membrane modules disposed in the interior of the pressure vessel and arranged in series, each membrane module comprising mixed metal oxide ceramic material and having an interior region and an exterior region, wherein the inlet and the outlet of the pressure vessel are in flow communication with exterior regions of the membrane modules; (c) a gas manifold having an interior surface wherein the gas manifold is in flow communication with the interior region of each of the planar ion transport membrane modules and with the exterior of the pressure vessel; and (d) a liner disposed within any of the inlet conduit, the outlet conduit, and the interior surface of the gas manifold.

  16. The Initiation of Bacterial DNA Replication

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for this system. Instead, DnaA forms an open right-handed helix. In addition, the architecture indicates that this AAA+ superhelix will wrap coils of the DNA around its exterior,...

  17. Comparison of the mechanism of transmembrane signaling in bacterial chemoreceptors and sensor kinases 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Scott Michael

    2006-10-30

    Membrane-bound receptors transmit information from the cell exterior to the cell interior. Bacterial receptors capable of transmitting this information include sensor kinases, which control gene expression via response regulators, and methyl...

  18. An Application of State-Of-The-Art HVAC and Building Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiorino, D. P.

    1988-01-01

    This case study describes the successful application of state-of-the-art HVAC and building systems at a large commercial office and industrial facility. The facility's exterior envelope systems, HVAC systems, lighting ...

  19. On the stability of time-domain integral equations for acoustic wave propagation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charles L. Epstein; Leslie Greengard; Thomas Hagstrom

    2015-04-15

    We give a principled approach for the selection of a boundary integral, retarded potential representation for the solution of scattering problems for the wave equation in an exterior domain.

  20. Safe Storage of Flammable Liquids in Refrigeration and Cooling Equipment Scope: This guidance document applies to all laboratories at UT Health Science Center at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, Bruce J.

    of interior or exterior explosions in a hazardous environment. The motor and thermostat is designed to prevent atmosphere may develop, such as solvent dispensing rooms. III. Modified Domestic Models: It is possible

  1. An Integrated Air Handling Unit System for Large Commercial Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, L.; Liu, M.

    2001-01-01

    This paper presents an integrated air handling unit system (OAHU) for large commercial buildings. The system introduces outside air into the interior section and circulates the return air to the exterior section. Detailed analytical models...

  2. Microsoft Word - VitPlantReceivesLAWCO2Vessel_20110216.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a key component of the system that will ensure the exterior surface of the low-activity waste containers are free of radioactive contaminates and safe for removal," Gary Olsen,...

  3. Building Envelope Design/Retrofit Utilizing Fresnel Type Overhangs in Hot Climates 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, B. J.; Griffith, J. W.

    1990-01-01

    The selection of exterior elements for control of solar incidence has been a major concern for engineers, architects, and lighting designers. This concern relates to problems of thermal heat gain, direct glare and veiling reflectance. Of equal...

  4. Synthetic scaffolds and protein assemblies for engineering applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norville, Julie Erin, 1980-

    2004-01-01

    S-layer proteins, which naturally self-assemble on the exterior of cells, provide an interesting basis for the creation of synthetic scaffolds. In this thesis, I created a plasmid which produces a recombinant form of a ...

  5. Energy Conservation of Air Conditioning Systems in Large Public Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, P.; Li, D.

    2006-01-01

    with the heating characteristics of the exterior -protected construction, the set value of the temperature of the air-conditioning, the lectotype of the Central air-conditioning system, the regulation and the modification of the transmission and distribution system...

  6. THE FICHTEAN IDEA OF THE SCIENCE OF KNOWLEDGE AND THE HUSSERLIAN PROJECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyppolite, Jean; Nemeth, Tom (translator)

    genesis of intentionality in the works of Fichte—the richness of this thought. One today often has the tendency to reproach the abstract character and construction of Fichte's dialectic, but it is necessary to go beyond this exterior aspect...

  7. The Lelystad Karveel: reconstruction of a seventeenth-century Dutch passenger ferry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saul, Melissa Dianne

    1994-01-01

    virtual reconstruction of the exterior and interior forms of the ship was modelled on the computer. The visualization was then shown to a group of nautical archaeology students, professors and staff who were familiar with the ship. After viewing...

  8. Ion transport membrane module and vessel system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stein, VanEric Edward (Allentown, PA); Carolan, Michael Francis (Allentown, PA); Chen, Christopher M. (Allentown, PA); Armstrong, Phillip Andrew (Orefield, PA); Wahle, Harold W. (North Canton, OH); Ohrn, Theodore R. (Alliance, OH); Kneidel, Kurt E. (Alliance, OH); Rackers, Keith Gerard (Louisville, OH); Blake, James Erik (Uniontown, OH); Nataraj, Shankar (Allentown, PA); van Doorn, Rene Hendrik Elias (Obersulm-Willsbach, DE); Wilson, Merrill Anderson (West Jordan, UT)

    2008-02-26

    An ion transport membrane system comprising (a) a pressure vessel having an interior, an exterior, an inlet, and an outlet; (b) a plurality of planar ion transport membrane modules disposed in the interior of the pressure vessel and arranged in series, each membrane module comprising mixed metal oxide ceramic material and having an interior region and an exterior region, wherein any inlet and any outlet of the pressure vessel are in flow communication with exterior regions of the membrane modules; and (c) one or more gas manifolds in flow communication with interior regions of the membrane modules and with the exterior of the pressure vessel.The ion transport membrane system may be utilized in a gas separation device to recover oxygen from an oxygen-containing gas or as an oxidation reactor to oxidize compounds in a feed gas stream by oxygen permeated through the mixed metal oxide ceramic material of the membrane modules.

  9. Ion transport membrane module and vessel system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stein, VanEric Edward; Carolan, Michael Francis; Chen, Christopher M.; Armstrong, Phillip Andrew; Wahle, Harold W.; Ohrn, Theodore R.; Kneidel, Kurt E.; Rackers, Keith Gerard; Blake, James Erik; Nataraj, Shankar; van Doorn, Rene Hendrik Elias; Wilson, Merrill Anderson

    2007-02-20

    An ion transport membrane system comprising (a) a pressure vessel having an interior, an exterior, an inlet, and an outlet; (b) a plurality of planar ion transport membrane modules disposed in the interior of the pressure vessel and arranged in series, each membrane module comprising mixed metal oxide ceramic material and having an interior region and an exterior region, wherein any inlet and any outlet of the pressure vessel are in flow communication with exterior regions of the membrane modules; and (c) one or more gas manifolds in flow communication with interior regions of the membrane modules and with the exterior of the pressure vessel. The ion transport membrane system may be utilized in a gas separation device to recover oxygen from an oxygen-containing gas or as an oxidation reactor to oxidize compounds in a feed gas stream by oxygen permeated through the mixed metal oxide ceramic material of the membrane modules.

  10. Ion transport membrane module and vessel system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stein, VanEric Edward (Allentown, PA); Carolan, Michael Francis (Allentown, PA); Chen, Christopher M. (Allentown, PA); Armstrong, Phillip Andrew (Orefield, PA); Wahle, Harold W. (North Canton, OH); Ohrn, Theodore R. (Alliance, OH); Kneidel, Kurt E. (Alliance, OH); Rackers, Keith Gerard (Louisville, OH); Blake, James Erik (Uniontown, OH); Nataraj, Shankar (Allentown, PA); Van Doorn, Rene Hendrik Elias (Obersulm-Willsbach, DE); Wilson, Merrill Anderson (West Jordan, UT)

    2012-02-14

    An ion transport membrane system comprising (a) a pressure vessel having an interior, an exterior, an inlet, and an outlet; (b) a plurality of planar ion transport membrane modules disposed in the interior of the pressure vessel and arranged in series, each membrane module comprising mixed metal oxide ceramic material and having an interior region and an exterior region, wherein any inlet and any outlet of the pressure vessel are in flow communication with exterior regions of the membrane modules; and (c) one or more gas manifolds in flow communication with interior regions of the membrane modules and with the exterior of the pressure vessel. The ion transport membrane system may be utilized in a gas separation device to recover oxygen from an oxygen-containing gas or as an oxidation reactor to oxidize compounds in a feed gas stream by oxygen permeated through the mixed metal oxide ceramic material of the membrane modules.

  11. In 1925, the Meteor expedition set out from Germany to measure the ocean's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levin, Lisa

    and peer sideways to look through a port- hole. The vehicle's exterior lights, though powerful, illuminated, Mexico, Peru, Chile and Oman. Using data on seafloor topog- raphy and oxygen measurements from

  12. UnB/Universidade de Braslia Relatrio de Gesto 2004 ANEXO 1 Demonstrativo dos recursos de convnios e outros crditos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maier, Rudolf Richard

    SIAFI OBJETO CODIGO DO PROGRAMA AĒAO ORĒAMENTARIA CONCEDENTE VALOR FIRMADO VALOR EXECUTADO FR0100 Concessćo de bolsa de estudo 7845068507950001 MIN. REL.EXTERIOR 500.000,00 500.000,00 509948 Sistema de

  13. Achieving world-class perceived vehicle quality through improved engineering and manufacturing tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glomski, Paul T

    2005-01-01

    Throughout the vehicle development process, automotive manufacturers must work to meet a variety of customer needs. One increasingly important attribute is vehicle exterior perceived quality, which is largely dependent on ...

  14. Facilities Management Services Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , central heating and chilled water plants, buildings HVAC, plumbing and electrical and emergency back/exterior finishes (e.g., signage, paint, floor coverings) x Distribution and Mail Services x Fleet Management x

  15. Integrated structural and thermal design of an entry vehicle aeroshell 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cochran, David Brian

    1996-01-01

    , a graphite / epoxy composite structure was designed based on the primary load conditions. Next, a thermal protection system (TPS) was added to the exterior of the vehicle. The second design featured a structurally integrated TPS. This new approach...

  16. An analysis of residential window waterproofing systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parsons, Austin, 1959-

    2004-01-01

    The prevalence of vinyl nail-on windows in the North American new home construction market has prompted ASTM International to write ASTM E2112-01 "Standard Practice for Installation of Exterior Windows, Doors and Skylights". ...

  17. ( 7 , 2002, 18:01) , , CY-1678, .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mavronicolas, Marios

    Intelligence): - aleph-null: - algebra: abstract algebra: anticommutativealgebra: - Boolean algebra: Boole absorption: - sound absorption: , abstract: 1. , 2. - , 3. ( , , .), - abstract algebra: abstract data type commutativealgebra: - cylindric algebra: exterior algebra: geometric algebra: higher algebra: Hopf algebra: Hopf

  18. Caught in the middle : : Mexico's relationship with Cuba and the United States 1959-1969

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ancona, Rafael

    2013-01-01

    s de la e periencia diplo tica. México, D.F: Ariel. Astiz,diplo acia e historia pol tica -1920) (239-271). México,Reyes, M. (2004). “Pol tica interna y pol tica exterior en

  19. 911 or 203-432-4400 203-785-5555

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scholl, Brian

    through text, email, and voice messages as well as Twitter and Facebook, exterior and interior speaker in an actual emergency. When you hear the fire alarm in your building, always evacuate. You may be asked

  20. NCBECS C&E 1979

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    includes tinted, reflective, insulated, or thermal pane ty;e of glass that, when installed in the exterior windows of a building., se . i: to reduce the rate of solar...

  1. An alternative derivation of the Minimal massive 3D gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmet Baykal

    2014-12-23

    By using the algebra of exterior forms and the first order formalism with constraints, an alternative derivation of the field equations for the Minimal massive 3D gravity model is presented.

  2. Project Reports for Standing Rock Sioux Tribe- 2012 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Standing Rock Sioux Tribe (SRST) will perform a feasibility study and associated tasks over the course of two years on sites within the exterior boundaries of the Standing Rock Sioux...

  3. CX-006248: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Painting Exterior of BHT-3CX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 06/20/2011Location(s): Jefferson County, TexasOffice(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office

  4. Double Diffusion in Enclosure Bounded by Massive and Volatilizing Walls 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, D.; Tang, G.; Zhao, F.

    2006-01-01

    Hazard volatilization emitted from walls enters into airflow in the room, making the indoor air quality worse. An exterior wall of some thickness is affected on its surface by the outdoor air environment. In this paper, ...

  5. Reality in the Differential Calculus on q-euclidean Spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. Ogievetsky; B. Zumino

    1992-05-01

    The nonlinear reality structure of the derivatives and the differentials for the euclidean q-spaces are found. A real Laplacian is constructed and reality properties of the exterior derivative are given.

  6. Integrated Hygrothermal Performance of Building Envelopes and Systems in Hot and Humid Climates 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karagiozis, A. N.; Desjarlais, A.; Salonvaara, M.

    2000-01-01

    Building Technology, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Espoo, Finland Building Technology Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, US Oak Ridge, Tennessee, US ABSTRACT In hot and humid climates the interior and exterior environmental..., Proceedings of the 4th Symposium, Building Physics in the Nordic Countries, Espoo, Finland, Sept. 9-10, pp.447-454. Karagiozis, A. and Hadjisophocleous G. "Wind- Driven Rain on High-Rise Buildings", Thermal Performance of Exterior Envelopes of Buildings...

  7. Constructing metric gravity's N-body non-linear Lagrangian from iterative, linear algebraic scaling equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nordtvedt, Kenneth

    2015-01-01

    A method for constructing metric gravity's N-body Lagrangian is developed which uses iterative, liner algebraic euqations which enforce invariance properties of gravity --- exterior effacement, interior effacement, and the time dilation and Lorentz contraction of matter under boosts. The method is demonstrated by obtaining the full 1/c^4 order Lagrangian, and a combination of exterior and interior effacement enforcement permits construction of the full Schwarzschild temporal and spatial metric potentials.

  8. Classical Models of Subatomic Particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. B. Mann; M. S. Morris

    1993-07-21

    We look at the program of modelling a subatomic particle---one having mass, charge, and angular momentum---as an interior solution joined to a classical general-relativistic Kerr-Newman exterior spacetime. We find that the assumption of stationarity upon which the validity of the Kerr-Newman exterior solution depends is in fact violated quantum mechanically for all known subatomic particles. We conclude that the appropriate stationary spacetime matched to any known subatomic particle is flat space.

  9. An Analysis of Energy Reductions from the Use of Daylighting in Low-Cost Housing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rungchareonrat, N.

    2003-01-01

    .39 Global horizontal, direct normal and diffuse solar radiation from Houston TMY2 weather tape of March 21…………………………………………………………….. 130 4.40 Exterior horizontal illuminance from clear, overcast portion of the sky, and from direct sun of March 21....3.3. The Simulation of the Basecase Model: Multi-zone Model with an Attic Zone with Daylighting Controls………………………………… 64 3.3.4. Solar Radiation and Exterior Horizontal Illuminance Data from the Houston TMY2 Weather Tape...

  10. Dirichlet integral dual-access collocation-kernel space analytic interpolation for unit disks: DIDACKS I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alan Rufty

    2007-02-17

    This article presents a technique for analytic interpolation over the exterior of a unit disk using complex poles in the interior--as well as corresponding techniques for the exterior of a real unit disk and for the interior of a real and complex unit disk. This is accomplished by developing special kernel spaces labeled dual-access collocation-kernel spaces. Higher order pole and logarithmic point source kernels are also considered. Relationships to Szego and Bergman kernel theory are addressed.

  11. Textural break foundation wall construction modules

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Phillips, Steven J. (Kennewick, WA)

    1990-01-01

    Below-grade, textural-break foundation wall structures are provided for inhibiting diffusion and advection of liquids and gases into and out from a surrounding hydrogeologic environment. The foundation wall structure includes a foundation wall having an interior and exterior surface and a porous medium disposed around a portion of the exterior surface. The structure further includes a modular barrier disposed around a portion of the porous medium. The modular barrier is substantially removable from the hydrogeologic environment.

  12. Explosive parcel containment and blast mitigation container

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sparks, Michael H. (Frederick County, MD)

    2001-06-12

    The present invention relates to a containment structure for containing and mitigating explosions. The containment structure is installed in the wall of the building and has interior and exterior doors for placing suspicious packages into the containment structure and retrieving them from the exterior of the building. The containment structure has a blast deflection chute and a blowout panel to direct over pressure from explosions away from the building, surrounding structures and people.

  13. Nickel anode electrode

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Singh, Prabhakar (Bethel, CT); Benedict, Mark (Monroe, CT)

    1987-01-01

    A nickel anode electrode fabricated by oxidizing a nickel alloying material to produce a material whose exterior contains nickel oxide and whose interior contains nickel metal throughout which is dispersed the oxide of the alloying material and by reducing and sintering the oxidized material to form a product having a nickel metal exterior and an interior containing nickel metal throughout which is dispersed the oxide of the alloying material.

  14. Ram jet engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crispin, B.; Pohl, W.D.; Thomaier, D.; Voss, N.

    1983-11-29

    In a ram jet engine, a tubular combustion chamber is divided into a flame chamber followed by a mixing chamber. The ram air is supplied through intake diffusers located on the exterior of the combustion chamber. The intake diffusers supply combustion air directly into the flame chamber and secondary air is conveyed along the exterior of the combustion chambers and then supplied directly into the mixing chamber.

  15. Energy Efficient Electrochromic Windows Incorporating Ionic Liquids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheri Boykin; James Finley; Donald Anthony; Julianna Knowles; Richard Markovic; Michael Buchanan; Mary Ann Fuhry; Lisa Perrine

    2008-11-30

    One approach to increasing the energy efficiency of windows is to control the amount of solar radiation transmitted through a window by using electrochromic technology. What is unique about this project is that the electrochromic is based on the reduction/oxidation reactions of cathodic and anodic organic semi-conducting polymers using room temperature ionic liquids as ion transport electrolytes. It is believed that these types of coatings would be a lower cost alternative to traditional all inorganic thin film based electrochromic technologies. Although there are patents1 based on the proposed technology, it has never been reduced to practice and thoroughly evaluated (i.e. durability and performance) in a window application. We demonstrate that by using organic semi-conductive polymers, specific bands of the solar spectrum (specifically visible and near infrared) can be targeted for electrochemical variable transmittance responsiveness. In addition, when the technology is incorporated into an insulating glass unit, the energy parameters such as the solar heat gain coefficient and the light to solar gain ratio are improved over that of a typical insulating glass unit comprised of glass with a low emissivity coating. A minimum of {approx}0.02 quads of energy savings per year with a reduction of carbon emissions for electricity of {approx}320 MKg/yr benefit is achieved over that of a typical insulating glass unit including a double silver low-E coating. Note that these values include a penalty in the heating season. If this penalty is removed (i.e. in southern climates or commercial structures where cooling is predominate year-round) a maximum energy savings of {approx}0.05 quad per year and {approx}801 MKg/yr can be achieved over that of a typical insulating glass unit including a double silver low-E coating. In its current state, the technology is not durable enough for an exterior window application. The primary downfall is that the redox chemistry fails to recover to a bleached state upon exposure to heat and solar radiation while being cycled over time from the bleached to the dark state. Most likely the polymers are undergoing degradation reactions which are accelerated by heat and solar exposure while in either the reduced or oxidized states and the performance of the polymers is greatly reduced over time. For this technology to succeed in an exterior window application, there needs to be more work done to understand the degradation of the polymers under real-life application conditions such as elevated temperatures and solar exposure so that recommendations for improvements in to the overall system can be made. This will be the key to utilizing this type of technology in any future real-life applications.

  16. Lateral Snow Transport, Fire and Changing Treelines in Mount San Gorgonio, California, U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Charles Dustin

    2012-01-01

    Ridge (TFR), Charlton Peak (CHP) and San Gorgonio Summit (JST). B. Charlton Peak (CHP). C. Ten Thousand Foot Ridge (JST), Charlton Peak (CHP), San Gorgonio (SGR), and Ten

  17. --No Title--

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bill Cabage Communications 865.574.4399 Spallation Neutron Source Amazing Science Facts The Spallation Neutron Source's 1000-foot linear accelerator, shown from either end in this...

  18. Armored scale insecticide resistance challenges San Joaquin Valley citrus growers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grafton-Cardwell, Elizabeth E.; Ouyang, Yuling; Striggow, Rebecka; Vehrs, Stacy

    2001-01-01

    the foot- hills of Fresno, Tulare and Kern coun- ties (fig.districts in Fresno, Tulare and Kern counties usedresistant scale occurred in Tulare, which had the greatest

  19. Controlling Small Fixed Wing UAVs to Optimize Image Quality from On-Board Cameras

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Stephen Phillip

    2011-01-01

    Planning UAV Paths that Optimize Image4.3 Direct Control of a UAV’s Sensor Footprint . . . . .foot zagi UAV. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conventional

  20. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    cubic feet) Natural Gas Energy Intensity (cubic feetsquare foot) Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other All...