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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food stone clay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Clay  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Clay Clay Nature Bulletin No. 435-A November 27, 1971 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation CLAY When Nebuchadnezzar was king of Babylon in the 6th century B.C., messages were sent and records kept by writing on little pillow-shaped tablets of soft wet clay. They were baked in the sun. Those clay tablets are still found by the thousands in ruins of ancient cities excavated in that dry climate. The Babylonians also sun-dried bricks of clay and straw for building, as the Israelites did during their captivity in Egypt. This process spread to Spain and Mexico and our American Southwest. Called "adobe", in regions with little rainfall it has the advantages of being cheap, fireproof, cool in summer and warm in winter.

2

Long-tailed macaques select mass of stone tools according to food type  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...stone tool|mass|littoral|marine prey|Thailand| 1. Introduction...three features; (i) use-wear on the stone, (ii) shell...patterns of use-wear. Use-wear scars were found on the points...Malaivijitnond, S. 2012 Marine prey processed with stone tools...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Release of Nanoclay and Surfactant from Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites into a Food Simulant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Release assessment of organo-modified montmorillonite (O-MMT) nanoclay and the organo-modifiers (surfactants) was performed on two types of polymer-clay nanocomposites: polypropylene (PP) and polyamide 6 (PA6) with O-MMT. In accordance with ASTM D4754-11, ...

Yining Xia; Maria Rubino; Rafael Auras

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

4

Utilitarian Stones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An example from the West Bank quarries, Aswan, QuarryScapesthe significance of ancient quarry landscapes: Four conceptsQuarryScapes: Ancient stone quarry landscapes in the Eastern

Harrell, James A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Copper-pillared clays (Cu-PILC) for agro-food wastewater purification with H2O2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Copper-pillared clays (Cu-PILC) are effective and stable catalysts for the wet hydrogen peroxide catalytic oxidation (WHPCO) of waste in water. They are studied both in the conversion of model molecules (p-coumaric acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid) and in the treatment of various real wastewaters from agro-food production: (i) deriving from citrus juice production, (ii) extracted concentrated polyphenolics fraction from olive oil milling (OMW) and (iii) OMW derived from three different sources. In the latter cases, tests were made both in a lab-scale reactor and in a larger volume (about 10 l) reactor. The results showed that Cu-PILC layered materials might be used to treat real wastewater from agro-food production, and not only simple model chemicals as typically made in the literature. In all cases, using a semi-batch slurry-type reactor with a continuous feed of H2O2, the behaviour both in TOC (total organic carbon) and in polyphenols abatement may be described using pseudo-first-order reaction rates. Using real wastewater the rate constants are one–two-orders of magnitude lower than using model molecules, and a decrease in the ratio between rate constant of phenols conversion and rate constant of TOC abatement is observed. However, this ratio maintains over one in all cases. A typical value is around two, but the composition of wastewater and reaction conditions influences this ratio. Scaling-up to a larger volume semi-continuous slurry-type reactor causes a further lowering of one-order of magnitude in the rate constants of TOC and polyphenols depletion, due to fouling of the catalyst related to the preferential coupling of the organic radicals and deposition over the catalyst with respect to their further degradation by hydroxyl radicals generated from H2O2 activation on the copper ions of the catalyst. The use of a different reactor to overcome this problem is suggested.

Simona Caudo; Chiara Genovese; Siglinda Perathoner; Gabriele Centi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Stone Fire  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effect of Change in Cookstove Types on Visibility - Case Study of the Berkeley-Darfur Stove and Three- Stone Fire Extended Abstract #1 Yungang Wang, Ashok J. Gadgil, Thomas W. Kirchstetter Environmental Energy Technologies Division Indoor Environment Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley, CA September 2012 This publication was made possible by grant number 500-99-013 from the California Energy Commission (CEC). This work was also supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies Program of the U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE- AC02- 05CH11231. LBNL-6291E LBNL-6291E Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States

7

Quarrying and Mining (Stone)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Springer. 2008 Stones and quarries in ancient Egypt. London:2001 The Roman Imperial quarries: Survey and excavation at1998. Vol. I: Topography and quarries. Excavation Memoir 67.

Bloxam, Elizabeth

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Choosing and Growing Stone Fruits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shaped like a doughnut, melting sugary flesh, small fruit.particularly Emma Walden Plum fruit wood (laterals): left,Choosing and Growing Stone Fruits resistant to plain leaf

Martin, Orin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

HearthStone Homes | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HearthStone Homes Jump to: navigation, search Name: HearthStone Homes Place: Omaha, NE Website: http:www.hearthstonehomes.co References: HearthStone Homes 1 Information About...

10

Documenting stone age cleverness by tool development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

stone tools show the pace of remarkable technological enhancements over time. March 7, 2013 Ancient stone tools showing the pace of remarkable technological enhancements over...

11

Modified clay sorbents  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A novel modified clay sorbent and method of treating industrial effluents to remove trace pollutants, such as dioxins, biphenyls, and polyaromatics such as benzo(a)pyrene and pentachlorophenol. The novel clay sorbent has a composite structure in which the interlayer space of an expandable clay, such as smectite, is filled with polyvalent or multivalent inorganic cations which forces weaker surfactant cations to locate on the surface of the clay in such an orientation that the resulting composite is hydrophilic in nature. A specific example is cetylpyridinium-hydroxy aluminum-montmorillonite. In certain embodiments, a non-expanding clay, such as kaolinite, is used and surfactant cations are necessarily located on an external surface of the clay. A specific example is cetylpyridinium-kaolinite.

Fogler, H. Scott (Ann Arbor, MI); Srinivasan, Keeran R. (Livonia, MI)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Measuring the Surface Roughness of Stream Stones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measuring the fine-scale heterogeneity of stones and other substrates is a challenge for benthic ecologists. I describe a method for measuring the roughness of stones that is based on the ratio of two surface ...

Elizabeth A. Bergey

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

OHIO SEA GRANT AND STONE LABORATORY OHIO SEA GRANT AND STONE LABORATORY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5/16/2014 1 OHIO SEA GRANT AND STONE LABORATORY OHIO SEA GRANT AND STONE LABORATORY Climate Change Impacts on Lake Erie and Stone Lab Efforts to Address the Problem OHIO SEA GRANT AND STONE LABORATORY (CLEAR) ·1978--Ohio Sea Grant College Program ·1992--Great Lakes Aquatic Ecosystem Research Consortium

Howat, Ian M.

14

Resuspension of Clays Under Waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Owing to their complex form, very small size and relatively low density, clays freshly deposited in a bay are vulnerable to resuspension when agitated by waves. The model of resuspension of clays under wave motio...

Prida Thimakorn

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

The Clay Minerals Society  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the Ha y-Lacroix Prize rewarded the PhD work of Aur lie Violette and Johan Villeneuve (see Elements, volume 7, number 4...its vibrational spectra Jakub Matusik, Eva Scholtzov , and Daniel Tunega Clay mineralogy of the Zhada sediments: Evidence for...

16

Williams Stone Wind Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Turbine Wind Turbine Jump to: navigation, search Name Williams Stone Wind Turbine Facility Williams Stone Wind Turbine Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Williams Stone Developer Sustainable Energy Developments Energy Purchaser Williams Stone Location Otis MA Coordinates 42.232526°, -73.070952° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.232526,"lon":-73.070952,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

17

Bentonites - Versatile Clays:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...calorimetry and radiative gasification. Certain PCNs have...nitrogen atmosphere gasification data shown in Figure...during radiative gasification at 50, 90, and 240...the food-packaging industry, plastics have replaced...environmental impact of plastic waste, biopolymers are replacing...

Kathleen A. Carrado; Peter Komadel

18

Adsorption of surfactant on clays  

SciTech Connect

Surfactants used to enhance remediation of soils by soil washing are often lost in the process. neither the amount nor the cause of this loss is known. It is assumed that clays present in the soil are responsible for the loss of the surfactant. In this paper, adsorption properties of the nonionic surfactant Tergitol 15-S-7 on clays are presented. Of the clays used, montmorillonite not only sorbed the largest quantity of Tergitol 15-S-7 but also held it most strongly. 13 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

Ray, A.B.; Ma, J. [Foster Wheeler Environmental Corp., Livingston, NJ (United States); Borst, M. [Environmental Protection Agency, Edison, NJ (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

19

Jamaican red clay tobacco pipes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

JAMAICAN RED CLAY TOBACCO PIPES A Thesis by KENAN PAUL HEIDTKE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS December 1992 Major Subject...: Anthropology JAMAICAN RED CLAY TOBACCO PIPES A Thesis by KENAN PAUL HEIDTKE Approved as to style and content by: Dorm L. Hamilton (Chair of Committee) Frederick H. van Doorninck, J (Member) enry C. Schmidt (Member) Vaughn M. Bryant (Head...

Heidtke, Kenan Paul

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

20

CLAY POULTICES IN SALT EXTRACTION FROM ORNAMENTAL STONES: A STATISTICAL APPROACH  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...solubil. M. Nimmo-ICR, Roma 13/83, Italy. Simon, S., Herm, C., Porst, A. and Pursche, J. (1996) Desa-lination and control of salt transport phenomena experienc-es with compress renderings in the ring crypt of St. Em-meram...

Maria Angeles Vicente; Santiago Vicente-Tavera

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food stone clay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

CLAY AND SHALE--1999 18.1 CLAY AND SHALE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is required under the National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Program, which was established of hazardous air pollutants. The agency further concluded that there were approximately 20 major sources on the Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) for the clay-products-manufacturing industries. The MACT

22

Annual Energy Outlook 2014 Preliminary Results  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

purposes only - Do not cite or circulate 44 census division chemicals rubber plastic primary metals proc food paper products petroleum products stone, clay, glass,...

23

Annual Energy Outlook 2015 Modeling updates in the Transportation...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

route optimization compared to Commodity Flow Survey, Truck 2007 5 chemicals rubber plastic primary metals processed food paper products petroleum products stone clay glass...

24

Annual Energy Outlook 2014 Modeling Updates  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

purposes only - Do not cite or circulate 20 Census Division chemicals rubber plastic primary metals processed food paper products petroleum products stone, clay, glass,...

25

Stone Age Distributed Computing (Extended Abstract)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the first page. Copyrights for components of this work owned by others than ACM must be honored. AbstractingStone Age Distributed Computing (Extended Abstract) Yuval Emek Distributed Computing Group ETH wattenhofer@ethz.ch ABSTRACT A new model that depicts a network of randomized finite state machines operating

26

Clay Nanoparticle-Supported Single-Molecule FluorescenceSpectroelectr...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Clay Nanoparticle-Supported Single-Molecule Fluorescence Spectroelectrochemistry. Clay Nanoparticle-Supported Single-Molecule Fluorescence Spectroelectrochemistry. Abstract: We...

27

2005 Minerals Yearbook CLAY AND SHALE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

aggregate (16%), and portland cement (15%); for fire clay, heavy-clay products (54%) and refractory products, in decreasing order of tonnage, Georgia, Wyoming, Texas, Alabama, North Carolina, Missouri, South Carolina, Ohio); Imerys (ball clay and kaolin); J.M. Huber Corp. (kaolin); Oil-Dri Corp. (fuller's earth); Thiele Kaolin

28

Alcohol Dispersions of Calcium Hydroxide Nanoparticles for Stone Conservation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Alcohol dispersions of Ca(OH)2 nanoparticles, the so-called nanolimes, are emerging as an effective conservation material for the consolidation of stone, mortars, and plasters present in old masonry and/or mural paintings. ... Considering that past studies on the consolidation of stone using nanolime dispersions have focused on carbonate stones such as limestones, here we test the ability of these treatments to consolidate silicate stones. ... D’Armada, P.; Hirst, E.Nano-lime for consolidation of plaster and stone J. Architect. ...

Carlos Rodriguez-Navarro; Amelia Suzuki; Encarnacion Ruiz-Agudo

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

29

Comparative Study of Thermomechanical Properties of Indigenous Blended Clay and Clay of Ukraine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigates the particle size distribution chemical composition fired modulus of rupture (MOR) and apparent porosity of blended clay utilizing clays available in Bikaner region and comparison with a imported Ukrainian clay. The blended clay B2 presents good white buff fired colour higher fired modulus of rupture and low porosity. The blend is suitable for Traditional Indian ceramic industries and a substitute of Ukrainian clay in India.

M. S. Shekhawat; S. K. Tak; R. Mangal; A. K. Gupta

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

SMECTITE CLAY ADSORPTION OF AFLATOXIN vs. OCTAHEDRAL COMPOSITION AS INDICATED BY FTIR  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...on HSCAS clay. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry , 46 , 599-605. Gonzalez-Pradas, E., Socias-Viciana M., Saifi, M.D., Urena-Amate F., Flores Cespedes, M., Fernandez-Perez, M., and Villafrance-Sanchez, M. (2003) Adsoption...

M. G. Tenorio Arvide; I. Mulder; A. L. Barrientos Velazquez; J. B. Dixon

31

Cast Stone Formulation At Higher Sodium Concentrations  

SciTech Connect

A low temperature waste form known as Cast Stone is being considered to provide supplemental Low Activity Waste (LAW) immobilization capacity for the Hanford site. Formulation of Cast Stone at high sodium concentrations is of interest since a significant reduction in the necessary volume of Cast Stone and subsequent disposal costs could be achieved if an acceptable waste form can be produced with a high sodium molarity salt solution combined with a high water to premix (or dry blend) ratio. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the factors involved with increasing the sodium concentration in Cast Stone, including production and performance properties and the retention and release of specific components of interest. Three factors were identified for the experimental matrix: the concentration of sodium in the simulated salt solution, the water to premix ratio, and the blast furnace slag portion of the premix. The salt solution simulants used in this study were formulated to represent the overall average waste composition. The cement, blast furnace slag, and fly ash were sourced from a supplier in the Hanford area in order to be representative. The test mixes were prepared in the laboratory and fresh properties were measured. Fresh density increased with increasing sodium molarity and with decreasing water to premix ratio, as expected given the individual densities of these components. Rheology measurements showed that all of the test mixes produced very fluid slurries. The fresh density and rheology data are of potential value in designing a future Cast Stone production facility. Standing water and density gradient testing showed that settling is not of particular concern for the high sodium compositions studied. Heat of hydration measurements may provide some insight into the reactions that occur within the test mixes, which may in turn be related to the properties and performance of the waste form. These measurements showed that increased sodium concentration in the salt solution reduced the time to peak heat flow, and reducing the amount of slag in the premix increased the time to peak heat flow. These observations may help to describe some of the cured properties of the samples, in particular the differences in compressive strength observed after 28 and 90 days of curing. Samples were cured for at least 28 days at ambient temperature in the laboratory prior to cured properties analyses. The low activity waste form for disposal at the Hanford Site is required to have a compressive strength of at least 500 psi. After 28 days of curing, several of the test mixes had mean compressive strengths that were below the 500 psi requirement. Higher sodium concentrations and higher water to premix ratios led to reduced compressive strength. Higher fly ash concentrations decreased the compressive strength after 28 days of curing. This may be explained in that the cementitious phases matured more quickly in the mixes with higher concentrations of slag, as evidenced by the data for the time to peak heat generation. All of the test mixes exhibited higher mean compressive strengths after 90 days of curing, with only one composition having a mean compressive strength of less than 500 psi. Leachability indices were determined for the test mixes for contaminants of interest. The leaching performance of the mixes evaluated in this study was not particularly sensitive to the factors used in the experimental design. This may be beneficial in demonstrating that the performance of the waste form is robust with respect to changes in the mix composition. The results of this study demonstrate the potential to achieve significantly higher waste loadings in Cast Stone and other low temperature, cementitious waste forms. Additional work is needed to elucidate the hydration mechanisms occurring in Cast Stone formulated with highly concentrated salt solutions since these reactions are responsible for determining the performance of the cured waste form. The thermal analyses completed in this study provide some preliminary insight, although the l

Fox, K. M.; Roberts, K. A.; Edwards, T. B.

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

32

Chromium(III)-doped pillared clays (PILC's)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chromium(III)-doped pillared clays (PILC's) ... First, calcined Al-PILC was dispersed into an aqueous solution of sodium or ammonium ions. ...

K. A. Carrado; S. L. Suib; N. D. Skoularikis; R. W. Coughlin

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Clay Electric Cooperative, Inc- Solar Thermal Loans  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Clay Electric Cooperative (CEC), a Touchstone Energy Cooperative, covers 14 counties in northern Florida, including Gainesville, Keystone Heights, Lake City, Orange Park, Palatka, and Salt Springs....

34

Characterization of aggregate resistance to degradation in stone matrix asphalt mixtures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stone matrix asphalt (SMA) mixtures rely on stone-on-stone contacts among particles to resist applied forces and permanent deformation. Aggregates in SMA should resist degradation (fracture and abrasion) under high stresses at the contact points...

Gatchalian, Dennis

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

35

E-Print Network 3.0 - anti-weathering stone preservative Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

life settlements and their securitization. PATENT Inventors: Anne Zissu and Charles Stone have filed... Measures & Methodologies", with Charles A. Stone, Webinar...

36

Intercalation of Trichloroethene by Sediment-Associated Clay...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Intercalation of Trichloroethene by Sediment-Associated Clay Minerals. Intercalation of Trichloroethene by Sediment-Associated Clay Minerals. Abstract: The objective of this...

37

Clay-Oil Droplet Suspensions in Electric Field.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Silicone oil droplets containing synthetic smectite clay submerged in another immiscible organic oil have been studied by observing clay particle movement, oil circulation and… (more)

Kjerstad, Knut Brøndbo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Injury experience in stone mining, 1992  

SciTech Connect

This Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) informational report reviews in detail the occupational injury and illness experience of stone mining in the United States for 1992. Data reported by operators of mining establishments concerning work injuries are summarized by work location, accident classification, part of body injured, nature of injury, occupation, and principal type of mineral. Related information on employment, worktime, and operating activity also is presented. Data reported by independent contractors performing certain work at mining locations are depicted separately in this report. For ease of comparison with other metal and nonmetallic mineral mining industries and with coal mining, summary reference tabulations are included at the end of both the operator and the contractor sections of this report.

Not Available

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Hanford's Simulated Low Activity Waste Cast Stone Processing  

SciTech Connect

Cast Stone is undergoing evaluation as the supplemental treatment technology for Hanford’s (Washington) high activity waste (HAW) and low activity waste (LAW). This report will only cover the LAW Cast Stone. The programs used for this simulated Cast Stone were gradient density change, compressive strength, and salt waste form phase identification. Gradient density changes show a favorable outcome by showing uniformity even though it was hypothesized differently. Compressive strength exceeded the minimum strength required by Hanford and greater compressive strength increase seen between the uses of different salt solution The salt waste form phase is still an ongoing process as this time and could not be concluded.

Kim, Young

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

40

TIME DOMAIN REFLECTOMETRY MEASUREMENT AND HIGHLY PLASTIC CLAYS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 TIME DOMAIN REFLECTOMETRY MEASUREMENT AND HIGHLY PLASTIC CLAYS By: J. A. Kuhn1 and J. G. Zornberg for use in highly plastic clay. The clay used for experimentation was taken locally from the Eagle Ford Ford Clay is determined. INTRODUCTION The progression of wetting and drying fronts in highly plastic

Zornberg, Jorge G.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food stone clay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

CLAYS--2000 19.1 By Robert L. Virta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Administration (FDA) clarified its guidance document for dioxins in anticaking agents, including clay, used

42

Clay Minerals as Catalysts and Adsorbents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... largely devoted to a discussion on the use of clay minerals as catalysts and industrial adsorbents ; in the later part of the afternoon some general papers Were also given. ...

D. M. C. MACEWAN

1948-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

43

Mechanics of Polymer?Clay Nanocomposites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mechanics of nanocomposites is critical in the design of nanomaterials with desirable properties. In this paper, the mechanics of polymer?clay nanocomposites is studied using a designed polymer and solution nanocomposite synthesis. A copolymer latex, ...

YuanQiao Rao; John M. Pochan

2006-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

44

Neutron Scattering Methods of Investigating Clay Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Of the techniques surveyed in the present proceedings, neutron scattering is probably the least familiar to clay ... a rather simple account of the theory of neutron scattering, while the third section describes ...

D. Keith Ross; Peter L. Hall

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Catalytic Wastewater Treatment Using Pillared Clays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

After introduction on the use of solid catalysts in wastewater treatment technologies, particularly advanced oxidation processes (AOPs), this review discussed the use of pillared clay (PILC) materials in three ap...

Siglinda Perathoner; Gabriele Centi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Completion strategy includes clay and precipitate control  

SciTech Connect

This article describes the conditions which are necessary for a successful oil well completion in the Mississippi and Cherokee zones of South Central Kansas. Topics considered include paraffin precipitation, clay swelling and migration, and iron precipitation. Clays in these zones are sensitive to water-base treating fluids and tend to swell and migrate to the well bore, thereby causing permeability damage. The presence of iron in the Mississippi and Cherokee formations has been indicated by cuttings, core samples, and connate water samples.

Sandy, T.; Gardner, G.R.

1985-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

47

Stone Fruit Carlos H. Crisosto, Susan Lurie, and Julio Retamales  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

13 Stone Fruit Carlos H. Crisosto, Susan Lurie, and Julio Retamales CONTENTS 13.1 Introduction......................................................................................... 290 13.2.3 Fruit Biochemistry and Quality Attributes......................................................................................... 294 13.3.3 Fruit Biochemistry and Quality Attributes

Crisosto, Carlos H.

48

GreyStone Power- Solar Water Heating Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

GreyStone Power, an electricity cooperative serving 103,000 customers in Georgia, introduced a solar water heating rebate in March 2009. This $500 rebate is available to customers regardless of...

49

Water from a stone: Tiny diamond contains secrets of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's rocky layers that would explain volcanic activities and the interaction of tectonic plates sell their stones on wooden tables in little shacks. The surrounding area is a lush, flat grassland

Machel, Hans

50

Clay and non-clay minerals in the pharmaceutical industry Part I. Excipients and medical applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Clay and non-clay minerals in the pharmaceutical industry Part I. Excipients and medical in the pharmaceutical industry as lubricants, desiccants, disintegrants, diluents, binders, pigments and opaci ers form 17 July 2009 Accepted 22 July 2009 Available online 29 July 2009 Keywords: Minerals Pharmaceutical

Ahmad, Sajjad

51

Review Article Clay and non-clay minerals in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review Article Clay and non-clay minerals in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries Part II Pharmaceutical industry Cosmetic industry Active ingredients Physical and physico-chemical properties A wide range and variety of minerals are used in the pharmaceutical industry as active ingredients

Ahmad, Sajjad

52

Enchanted Clays: 44th Annual Meeting of the Clay Minerals Society (June 2007)  

SciTech Connect

“Enchanted Clays: 44th Annual Meeting of the Clay Minerals Society” was held in early June 2007 in beautiful and historic Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA. Santa Fe provided an idyllic location in the southwestern United States for the attendees to enjoy technical and social sessions while soaking up the diverse culture and wonderful climate of New Mexico—The Land of Enchantment. The meeting included a large and varied group of scientists, sharing knowledge and ideas, benefitting from technical interactions, and enjoying the wonderful historic and enchanted environs of Santa Fe. Including significant number of international scientists, the meeting was attended by approximately two hundred participants. The meeting included three days of technical sessions (oral and poster presentations), three days of field trips to clay and geological sites of northern New Mexico, and a full day workshop on the stabilization of carbon by clays. Details can be found at the meeting web site: www.sandia.gov/clay.

Randall T. Cygan

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Organic or organometallic template mediated clay synthesis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for incorporating diverse varieties of intercalates or templates directly during hydrothermal synthesis of clays such as hectorite or montmorillonite-type layer-silicate clays. For a hectorite layer-silicate clay, refluxing a gel of silica sol, magnesium hydroxide sol and lithium fluoride for two days in the presence of an organic or organometallic intercalate or template results in crystalline products containing either (a) organic dye molecules such as ethyl violet and methyl green, (b) dye molecules such as alcian blue that are based on a Cu(II)-phthalocyannine complex, or (c) transition metal complexes such as Ru(II)phenanthroline and Co(III)sepulchrate or (d) water-soluble porphyrins and metalloporphyrins. Montmorillonite-type clays are made by the method taught by U.S. Pat. No. 3,887,454 issued to Hickson, Jun. 13, 1975; however, a variety of intercalates or templates may be introduced. The intercalates or templates should have (i) water-solubility, (ii) positive charge, and (iii) thermal stability under moderately basic (pH 9-10) aqueous reflux conditions or hydrothermal pressurized conditions for the montmorillonite-type clays. 22 figures.

Gregar, K.C.; Winans, R.E.; Botto, R.E.

1994-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

54

Sample preparation for isotopic determination of boron in clay sediments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The procedures of sample preparation for isotopic determination of boron in clay sediments is very cumbersome, by ... experiments were carried out. In this paper, boron in clay sediments was extracted with HCl .....

Yanling Zhang; Yingkai Xiao; Yunqi Ma; Qin Zhuge…

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Cation and Anion Exchange Properties of Pillared Clays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cation and anion pH dependent exchange processes on an Aluminium Pillared Clay (Al-PILC) and Zirconium Pillared Clay (Zr-PILC) were studied by titrating the PILCS with...

A. Dyer; T. Gallardo

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

GreyStone Power Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GreyStone Power Corporation GreyStone Power Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name GreyStone Power Corporation Place Georgia Utility Id 7090 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes ISO Other Yes Activity Distribution Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Ball Park Metered Outdoor Lighting Lighting Commercial General Service Commercial Commercial General Service Seasional On Commercial Commercial General Service Seasonal Off Commercial Commercial Green Power Cost Adjustment Commercial Commercial Load Management Service Commercial

57

Water permeability of quarry stone superficially modified by plasma polymerization of hexamethyldisiloxane at atmospheric pressure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The surface of quarry stone was modified with a thin film of plasma-polymerized hexamethyldisiloxane (PPHMDSO) deposited at atmospheric pressure. The surface of the treated stone...3 and Si-CH3 bands characterist...

J. Antonio López-Barrea…

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

PROGRAM AND ABSTRACTS FOR CLAY MINERALS SOCIETY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Floridin Company Halliburton Services J. M. Huber Corporation Kentucky-Tennessee Clay Company Marathon Oil of the meeting were made by the following, to whom we offer sincere thanks: Alpha Earth Inc., ARCO Oil and Gas Co., Chevron Oil Field Research Co., CONOCO Inc., Exxon Production Research Co., Siemens X-Ray Analytical

Rathbun, Julie A.

59

Stone & McCarthy Research Associates | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stone & McCarthy Research Associates Stone & McCarthy Research Associates Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Stone & McCarthy Research Associates Name Stone & McCarthy Research Associates Address 101 Business Park Drive Place Princeton, New Jersey Zip 08540 Region Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Number of employees 11-50 Year founded 1989 Phone number 609-683-4261 Coordinates 40.4400025°, -74.6013294° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.4400025,"lon":-74.6013294,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

60

Colorado Forestry Advisory Board Members: Don Ament Tom Stone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Colorado Forestry Advisory Board Members: Don Ament Tom Stone Commissioner of Agriculture Commissioner, Eagle County, Colorado Tom Borden Greg Walcher Private Landowner, Fort Collins, Colorado Director, Colorado Dept. of Natural Resources Nancy Fishering Al Yates Colorado Timber Industry Association President

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food stone clay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Colorado Forestry Advisory Board Members: Don Ament Tom Stone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Colorado Forestry Advisory Board Members: Don Ament Tom Stone Commissioner of Agriculture Commissioner, Eagle County, Colorado Tom Borden Greg Walcher Private Landowner, Fort Collins, Colorado Director, Colorado Dept. of Natural Resources Nancy Fishering Al Yates Colorado Timber Industry Association Former

62

Radiation and Radon from Natural Stone May 7, 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiation and Radon from Natural Stone May 7, 2008 W.J. Llope Rice University, Houston, TX 77005 is "radiation" and the other is "radon." Radioactive elements, by their very nature, seek stability by decaying the outside and cause damage to cells and DNA, potentially causing cancer. Also, naturally occurring Uranium

Llope, William J.

63

FOOD AND DRINK REGULATIONS Serving hot food  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

legislation. · The food must be prepared and cooked off site. Preparing food implies any form of preparation

O'Mahony, Donal E.

64

Clay Electric Cooperative, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clay Electric Cooperative, Inc Clay Electric Cooperative, Inc Place Florida Utility Id 3757 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location FRCC NERC FRCC Yes Activity Distribution Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Rate Schedule - FL (Large) Lighting Rate Schedule - FL (Small) Lighting Rate Schedule - GS Commercial Rate Schedule - GS - 1 Commercial Rate Schedule - GSD Commercial Rate Schedule - HLF Industrial Rate Schedule - INT (Primary Metering Voltage) Industrial Rate Schedule - INT (Secondary Metering Voltage) Industrial Rate Schedule - INT (Transmission Metering Voltage) Industrial

65

Clay-based geothermal drilling fluids  

SciTech Connect

The rheological properties of fluids based on fibrous clays such as sepiolite and attapulgite have been systematically examined under conditions similar to those of geothermal wells, i.e. at elevated temperatures and pressures in environments with concentrated brines. Attapulgite- and sepiolite-based fluids have been autoclaved at temperatures in the range from 70 to 800/sup 0/F with the addition of chlorides and hydroxides of Na, K, Ca, and Mg. The rheological properties (apparent and plastic viscosity, fluid loss, gel strength, yield point, and cake thickness) of the autoclaved fluids have been studied and correlated with the chemical and physical changes that occur in the clay minerals during the autoclaving process.

Guven, N.; Carney, L.L.; Lee, L.J.; Bernhard, R.P.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Plasticity of the Dakota Clays of Kansas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as soon as it was removed from the mould. The briquette was allowed to dry and after drying the shrinkage was measured and calculated in percent of the dry length. 28 Experience seems to show that there is a relation between the shtinkage of a clay...'tter Inorganic Colloids Organic Colloids Humus Compounds CHAPTER II - EXPERIMENTS MALACHITE GREEN TEST Method of testing Calculation of Results FEEL TEST Method of Testing SHRINKAGE TEST Method of Testing SUMMARY BIBLIOGRAPHY PLASTICITY OF THE DAKOTA...

Belchic, George

1915-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Iodide Sorption to Clays and the Relationship to Surface Charge and Clay Texture - 12356  

SciTech Connect

Iodine is assumed to behave conservatively in clay barriers around nuclear waste repositories and in natural sediments. Batch experiments tend to show little to no sorption, while in column experiments iodine is often retarded relative to tritiated water. Current surface complexation theory cannot account for negatively charged ion sorption to a negatively charged clay particle. Surface protonation and iodide sorption to clay minerals were examined using surface titrations and batch sorption experiments with a suite of clay minerals. Surface titrations were completed spanning a range of both pH values and ionic strengths. For reference, similar titrations were performed on pure forms of an Al-O powder. The titration curves were deconvoluted to attain the pKa distribution for each material at each ionic strength. The pKa distribution for the Al-O shows two distinct peaks at 4.8 and 7.5, which are invariant with ionic strength. The pKa distribution of clays was highly variable between the different minerals and as a function of ionic strength. Iodide sorption experiments were completed at high solid:solution ratios to exacerbate sorption properties. Palygorskite and kaolinite had the highest amount of iodide sorption and montmorillonite had the least. (authors)

Miller, Andrew; Kruichiak, Jessica; Tellez, Hernesto; Wang, Yifeng [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Holiday Foods.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

28 28 2 2trJ 29 29 2" ~ .____./ 30 30 30 30 30 HOLIDAY FOODS Frances L. Reasonover and Mary K. Sweeten* The flavor , color, temperature and texture of foods enhance holiday occasions. However, in addition to attractiveness and taste... and almond extract. Serves 75 to 100. APRICOT PUNCH 2 large cans of apricots put through a sieve, or 2 large cans apricot nectar 4 cups orange juice 2 cups lemon juice 1 quart ginger ale 1 1/2 gallons lime or orange sherbet Sweetener may be added...

Reasonover, Frances L.; Sweeten, Mary K.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Big Stone County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Big Stone County, Minnesota: Energy Resources Big Stone County, Minnesota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 45.4932045°, -96.4724° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.4932045,"lon":-96.4724,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

70

Pilot-Plant Gasification of Olive Stone: a Technical Assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of pilot-plant gasification tests carried out at atmospheric pressure and temperatures within the range of 700?820 °C in order to assess the technical viability of gasifying untreated olive stone, also called “orujillo”, a byproduct of the olive oil industry that comprises both olive stone and pulp. ... Atmospheric air gasification of biomass/waste in a bubbling-fluidized-bed (BFB) reactor is an attractive simple process to convert a solid material to a gaseous fuel. ... Their different characteristics (mainly volatile and ash content) affect the plant operation because of the energy content and the ash fusibility, but both types were gasified efficiently and the problems found were similar. ...

A. Gómez-Barea; R. Arjona; P. Ollero

2004-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

71

Topochemical Transformation of Phyllosilicate Clay into Chlorite and Brucite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Topochemical Transformation of Phyllosilicate Clay into Chlorite and Brucite ... The intralayer structure of phyllosilicate clay could be manipulated into chlorite and brucite depending on the degree of leaching by the NaOH content. ... Selective leaching of tetrahedral Si sheets would result in the topochemical transformation of the 2:1 type silicate clay into chlorite, whereas complete removal of tetrahedral Si sheets would lead to the formation of brucite. ...

Jin-Ho Choy; Sung-Reol Lee; Man Park; Gyeong-Su Park

2004-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

72

The need to design and construct roadways on highly plastic clays is common in central and eastern Texas, where expansive clays are prevalent. Roadways constructed on highly plastic clay subgrades may be damaged  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The need to design and construct roadways on highly plastic clays is common in central and eastern Texas, where expansive clays are prevalent. Roadways constructed on highly plastic clay subgrades may the infiltration of water into highly plastic clays under an increased gravity field in a centrifuge. Project

Zornberg, Jorge G.

73

Clay Nanoparticle-Supported Single-Molecule Fluorescence Spectroelectrochemistry  

SciTech Connect

We report single-molecule fluorescence spectroelectrochemistry on a clay-modified ITO electrode using cresyl violet as a redox fluorescent probe. Ensemble averaged experiments show that cresyl violet displays well-defined cyclic voltammograms when adsorbed on the clay-modified electrode. By probing the fluorescence intensity of a single cresyl violet molecule absorbed on clay surface, we can trace the redox reaction of individual molecules induced by the cyclic voltammetric potential scanning. Inhomogeneous interfacial electron transfer dynamics of the immobilized single cresyl violet molecules on the clay-modified surface were observed.

Lei, Chenghong; Hu, Dehong; Ackerman, Eric J.

2009-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

74

Moose Food  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Moose Food Moose Food Name: Mrs. Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: My husband & I own 30 acres of prime moose habitat. Unfortunately they have just about eaten up all of the aquatic browse. Either that or the hard winters in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan and the fact that we have a shallow lake has killed these plants the moose like. What would be best to plant native to our lakes in michigan for the moose? They like aquatic plants the best that we have observed from afar, but what kinds. Hope you can help. The biologist for our area is new & didn't have any names of aquatic plants. Replies: Dear Mrs. The following sites may be useful: http://www.mooseworld.com/moosebrowse.htm http://www.gi.alaska.edu/ScienceForum/ASF9/910.html http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/taxbre/value_and_use.html

75

LCA Food 2012—towards sustainable food systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The production, transformation, distribution and consumption of food and drink contribute strongly to human prosperity and health. However, the food and agriculture sector also causes major environmental impacts....

Hayo M. G. van der Werf; Michael S. Corson…

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

EIS-0377: Big Stone II Power Plant and Transmission Project | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7: Big Stone II Power Plant and Transmission Project 7: Big Stone II Power Plant and Transmission Project EIS-0377: Big Stone II Power Plant and Transmission Project SUMMARY A systems study was carried out to identify the most appropriate locations to interconnect the proposed Big Stone II power plant to the regional utility grid. The study also identified transmission line and substation upgrades and modifications that would be required to support the addition of 600 MW of capacity within the system. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD August 24, 2009 EIS-0377: Record of Decision Big Stone II Power Plant and Transmission Project June 1, 2009 EIS-0377: Final Environmental Impact Statement Big Stone II Power Plant and Transmission Project October 26, 2007 EIS-0377: Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact Statement

77

The washability of lignites for clay removal  

SciTech Connect

In the washability research of the Seyitomer Lignites (Kutahya-Turkey), with lower calorific value (1,863 kcal/kg) and high ash content (51.91%), by heavy medium separation, it was found out that middling clay in the coal had an effect to change the medium density. To prevent this problem, a trommel sieve with 18 and 5 mm aperture diameter was designed, and the clay in the coal was tried to be removed using it before the coal was released to heavy medium. Following that, the obtained coal in -100 + 18 mm and -18 + 5 mm fractions was subjected to sink and float test having 1.4 gcm{sup -3} and 1.7 gcm{sup -3} medium densities (-5 mm fraction will be evaluated in a separate work). Depending on the raw coal, with the floating of -100 + 18 mm and -18 + 5 mm size fraction in 1.4 gcm{sup -3} medium density, clean coal with 60.10% combustible matter recovery, 19.12% ash, and 3,150 kcal/kg was obtained. Also floating of the samples sinking in 1.4 gcm{sup -3} in the medium density (1.7 gcm{sup -3}), middling with 18.70% combustible matter recovery, 41.93% ash, 2,150 kcal/kg, and tailing having 78.31% ash were obtained.

Oteyaka, B.; Yamik, A.; Ucar, A.; Sahbaz, O.; Demir, U. [Dumlupinar University, Kutahya (Turkey). Dept. of Mining Engineering

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Experimental Study of Wellbore Instability in Clays Naeem O. Abdulhadi, A.M.ASCE1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in saturated clays. The tests were conducted on resedimented Boston blue clay (RBBC) anisotropically the stability of shallow boreholes drilled in hard clays and poorly lithified rocks (some work on soft shales

Entekhabi, Dara

79

Managing the almond and stone fruit replant disease complex with less soil fumigant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

acre $/acre lb/acre Net fruit price and fumigant efficiencyeds. ). Compendium of Stone Fruit Dis- eases. St. Paul: APSField Office. 2011. Fruit and Nut Crops. California

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

2006 Minerals Yearbook ClaY and Shale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

%), and lightweight aggregate (17%); for fire clay, heavy clay products and lightweight aggregate (72%) and refractory of tonnage, Georgia, Wyoming, Texas, alabama, north Carolina, Ohio, Missouri, South Carolina, arkansas and kaolin); J.M. huber Corp. (kaolin); Oil-dri Corp. (fuller's earth); Thiele Kaolin Co. (kaolin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food stone clay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Water in clay-water systems (1) Philip F. LOW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water in clay-water systems (1) Philip F. LOW Department of Agronomy, Purdue University. Agric. Exp. Stn., West Lafayette, IN 47907, U.S.A. SUMMARY The swelling of clay-water systems and the thermodynamic, hydrodynamic and spectroscopic properties of water in these systems are discussed. The swelling

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

82

Platte-Clay Electric Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebates |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Platte-Clay Electric Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency Platte-Clay Electric Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebates Platte-Clay Electric Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebates < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Program Info State Missouri Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Room Air Conditioners: $50 Geothermal Heat Pump: $750/ton new installation; $150/ton for replacement Dual Fuel Heat Pump: $150/ton plus $.01 rate reduction (above 200 kWh) Water Heaters: Discounted price Provider Platte-Clay Electric Cooperative Platte-Clay Electric Cooperative offers a variety of rebates to residential and commercial customers who wish to upgrade to energy efficient equipment. Newly installed ground source heat pumps are eligible for a $750 per ton

83

Clay Electric Cooperative, Inc - Energy Smart Solar Water Heater Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clay Electric Cooperative, Inc - Energy Smart Solar Water Heater Clay Electric Cooperative, Inc - Energy Smart Solar Water Heater Rebate Program Clay Electric Cooperative, Inc - Energy Smart Solar Water Heater Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Solar Water Heating Maximum Rebate $600 Program Info State Florida Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount 0.01 per BTU output Provider Clay Electric Co-op Clay Electric Cooperative (CEC) provides a rebate of $0.01 per BTU output to its residential members when they purchase qualified solar water heaters. This rebate is capped at 60,000 BTUs per system, or $600. Eligible solar water heaters can be either passive or active systems. The proposed solar system must meet Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) specifications and be installed by a contractor certified to install solar water heating

84

Energy Efficiency Opportunities in the Stone and Asphalt Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Industries of the Future (DOE-IOF) initiative. In addition to being highly energy intensive, stone crushing currently produces 42% of the total material consumed by weight in the US, which is mainly used as highway aggregates. Based on GDP growth... Symon4-1/2 HP300 061 150 220 270 100 0.50 0.63 270 161 150 220 100% 100% 3/4 proc 220 150 427 703 Daily Energy Consumption Entering Screenhouse 1501 Run Hours per Day 15.5 Daily Production Stage kW kWh/dy Product Tons/dy Model Notes Primary 240 3,000 3...

Moray, S.; Throop, N.; Seryak, J.; Schmidt, C.; Fisher, C.; D'Antonio, M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

CAST STONE TECHNOLOGY FOR THE TREATMENT AND IMMOBILIZATION OF LOW-ACTIVITY WASTE  

SciTech Connect

Cast stone technology is being evaluated for potential application in the treatment and immobilization of Hanford low-activity waste. The purpose of this document is to provide background information on cast stone technology. The information provided in the report is mainly based on a pre-conceptual design completed in 2003.

MINWALL HJ

2011-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

86

Stone-Wales defects in graphene and other planar sp2 -bonded materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stone-Wales defects in graphene and other planar sp2 -bonded materials Jie Ma,1,2,3 Dario Alfè,2 that the structure of the Stone-Wales SW defect in graphene is more complex than hitherto appreciated. Rather than of graphene and in so doing modify its chemical re- activity toward adsorbates, and likely impact upon its

Alfè, Dario

87

Depositional environment of Lower Permian Stone Corral Formation  

SciTech Connect

The Lower Permian Stone Corral Formation is a 5-8 ft thick unit of dolomitic limestone and shale in a sequence of red beds that crops out in south-central Kansas. It forms a good stratigraphic marker bed in the subsurface, where it consists mainly of anhydrite (the Cimmaron anhydrite) up to 100 ft thick. At outcrop, the formation is weathered and consists of 2 interfingering facies - a crinoidal-echinoidal grainstone (in the north) and a laminated mudstone (in the south). Both the grainstone and mudstone exhibit diagenetic alteration. The grainstone is composed of well-rounded allochems of crinoid and echinoid fragments with scattered ooids, sponge spicules, peloids, and possible foraminifers and ostracods. Layers of sponge spicules alternate with peloid or ooid layers. The mudstone facies has a clotted texture and has laminations defined by the occurrence of fenestral fabric and peloids. Dolomite occurring in the Stone Corral Formation is of secondary origin. The grainstone is interpreted as being lagoonal in origin, whereas the mudstone facies is interpreted as supratidal. The grumous (clotted) texture may indicate phreatic diagenesis. The absence of anhydrite on outcrop, where it was presumably leached by surface waters leaving the less soluble dolomite, is additional evidence for a regional disconformity above the unit on the eastern side of a large, shallow, evaporitic basin.

Hylton, A.K.; Merriam, D.F.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Neutron scattering, a powerful tool to study clay minerals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Of the techniques used to study clay minerals, neutron scattering has become more familiar to clay scientists over the past decade. A brief account of neutron scattering theory is given in this review, followed by a description of measurements that can be made using neutron diffraction and neutron scattering spectroscopy, and especially quasi-elastic neutron scattering. Then recent examples of the application of neutron scattering methods to the study of clay minerals are presented, and finally the potential advantages of such experimental results when combined to molecular dynamics are discussed. To conclude, the potential perspectives that the European Spallation Source brings to this subject are pointed out.

Murillo L. Martins; Will P. Gates; Laurent Michot; Eric Ferrage; Virginie Marry; Heloisa N. Bordallo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

PROPERTIES OF HDPE/CLAY/WOOD NANOCOMPOSITES , C. M. Clemons 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

stimulated active research. Clay nanocomposites, especially nanoclay/polymer composites, exhibit dramatic

90

Safe Home Food Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proper food storage can preserve food quality and prevent spoilage and food/borne illness. The specifics of pantry, refrigerator and freezer storage are given, along with helpful information on new packaging, label dates, etc. A comprehensive table...

Van Laanen, Peggy

2002-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

91

Engineering scale demonstration of a prospective Cast Stone process  

SciTech Connect

This report documents an engineering-scale demonstration with non-radioactive simulants that was performed at SRNL using the Scaled Continuous Processing Facility (SCPF) to fill an 8.5 ft container with simulated Cast Stone grout. The Cast Stone formulation was chosen from the previous screening tests. Legacy salt solution from previous Hanford salt waste testing was adjusted to correspond to the average composition generated from the Hanford Tank Waste Operation Simulator (HTWOS). The dry blend materials, ordinary portland cement (OPC), Class F fly ash, and ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS or BFS), were obtained from Lafarge North America in Pasco, WA. Over three days, the SCPF was used to fill a 1600 gallon container, staged outside the facility, with simulated Cast Stone grout. The container, staged outside the building approximately 60 ft from the SCPF, was instrumented with x-, y-, and z-axis thermocouples to monitor curing temperature. The container was also fitted with two formed core sampling vials. For the operation, the targeted grout production rate was 1.5 gpm. This required a salt solution flow rate of approximately 1 gpm and a premix feed rate of approximately 580 lb/h. During the final day of operation, the dry feed rate was increased to evaluate the ability of the system to handle increased throughput. Although non-steady state operational periods created free surface liquids, no bleed water was observed either before or after operations. The final surface slope at a fill height of 39.5 inches was 1-1.5 inches across the 8.5 foot diameter container, highest at the final fill point and lowest diametrically opposed to the fill point. During processing, grout was collected in cylindrical containers from both the mixer discharge and the discharge into the container. These samples were stored in a humid environment either in a closed box proximal to the container or inside the laboratory. Additional samples collected at these sampling points were analyzed for rheological properties and density. Both the rheological properties (plastic viscosity and yield strength) and density were consistent with previous and later SCPF runs.

Cozzi, A.; Fowley, M.; Hansen, E.; Fox, K.; Miller, D.; Williams, M.

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

92

Deputy Secretary Clay Sell Touts Georgian Efforts to Advance Regional  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clay Sell Touts Georgian Efforts to Advance Clay Sell Touts Georgian Efforts to Advance Regional Energy Cooperation and Non-Proliferation Deputy Secretary Clay Sell Touts Georgian Efforts to Advance Regional Energy Cooperation and Non-Proliferation March 16, 2007 - 10:55am Addthis Visits National Nuclear Waste Repository in Mtskheta, Georgia TBILISI, Georgia - U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Clay Sell today visited the National Radioactive Waste Repository in Mtskheta, Georgia, and praised Georgia for issuing a license this week to open the facility to consolidate radioactive sources. Deputy Secretary Sell also met with Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili and other senior government and business leaders to address the importance of diversifying energy sources, increasing the use of energy efficient technologies, and further efforts to

93

Iron supported clay as catalysts for oxidation of cyclooctane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Iron supported bentonite clay catalysts have been prepared by the ion exchange of bentonite with iron2+ and iron3+ solution and immobilization with iron compounds using ligands: acetylacetonate, picolinate, pyraz...

W. Trakarnpruk; P. Dumrongpong

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Constitutive analysis of the mechanical anisotropy of Opalinus Clay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper aims to analyse the anisotropic features of behaviour of Opalinus Clay using ... directions showed that the mechanical behaviour of this shale is cross-anisotropic. The stiffer samples are those in whi...

Simon Salager; Bertrand François; Mathieu Nuth; Lyesse Laloui

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Limits of isotropic plastic deformation of Bangkok clay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A model assuming incremental plastic isotropic response has been recently proposed to model the deformation of isotropic packing of grains, in the small-strain range. It is used here on over-consolidated remould clay, to interpret the small-strain range behaviour obtained in [1,2] on Bangkok clay. The data published in [1,2] at constant volume are also used here to measure the size of the domain of validity in the (q/(M'p), p/po) plane, where po is the over-consolidation isotropic pressure, p is the mean stress and q the deviatoric stress, q . So, it is shown that the model works also for clay. This enlarges the application domain of model [3,4] to soft clay with OCR larger than 1.2 to 1.5. Pacs # : 45.70.-n ; 62.20.Fe ; 83.80.Fg, 83.80.Hj

P. Evesque

2005-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

96

Intercalation of Trichloroethene by Sediment-Associated Clay Minerals  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this research was to examine the potential for intercalation of trichloroethene (TCE) by clay minerals associated with aquifer sediments. Sediment samples were collected from a field site inTucson, AZ. Two widely used Montmorillonite specimen clays were employed as controls. X-ray diffraction, conducted with a controlled-environment chamber, was used to characterize smectite interlayer dspacing for three treatments (bulk air-dry sample, sample mixed with synthetic groundwater, sample mixed with TCE-saturated synthetic groundwater). The results show that the d-spacing measured for the samples treated with TCE-saturated synthetic groundwater are larger (*26%) than those of the untreated samples for all field samples as well as the specimen clays. These results indicate that TCE was intercalated by the clay minerals, which may have contributed to the extensive elution tailing observed in prior miscible-displacement experiments conducted with this sediment.

Matthieu, Donald E.; Brusseau, Mark; Johnson, G. R.; Artiola, J. L.; Bowden, Mark E.; Curry, J. E.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Atomic Force Microscopy Study of Clay Nanoplatelets and Their Impurities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the nanoclays into various polymers has been shown to result in increases in tensile properties (elastic modulus of nanoclay-polymer composites, based on the layer-by-layer assembly of individual clay nanoplatelets

98

Controlled gas adsorption properties of various pillared clays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microporous pillared clays (PILC) were prepared by the intercalation of montmorillonite with particles of titania (Ti-PILC), zirconia (Zr-PILC), alumina (Al-PILC), iron oxide (Fe-PILC) and mixed lanthania/alumina...

A. Molinard; E. F. Vansant

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

X-ray diffraction study of zirconia pillared clays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) and X-ray radial electronic distribution density (RED) of initial and zirconia-pillared interlayered clays (Zr-PILC) were studied. After pillaring, the basal ... under air to 17.7 ...

D.A. Zyuzin; E.M. Moroz; T.G. Kuznetsova…

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

A New Environmentally Friendly AL/ZR-Based Clay Stabilizer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was used to measure the concentrations of e key cations in the core flood effluent. Three different commercial clay stabilizers (zirconium oxychloride, choline chloride and tetramethyl ammonium chloride) were also tested to validate the new chemical...

El-Monier, Ilham Abdallah

2013-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food stone clay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Reducing food losses by intelligent food logistics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1006 62 Theme Issue Intelligent food logistics: decrease waste and improve quality...Reducing food losses by intelligent food logistics Reiner Jedermann 1 Mike Nicometo 2 Ismail...Bremen Research Cluster for Dynamics in Logistics (LogDynamics), Bremen, Germany One...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

The adsorption of selected chemical compounds on soil clays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, California. The Yolo soil series is discussed in the U. S. D. A. Contra Costa County, California Soil Survey, Series 1933, No. 26. Montmorillonite de osit material. The relatively "pure" montmorillonite clay was purchased as Panther Creek Bentonite from..., California. The Yolo soil series is discussed in the U. S. D. A. Contra Costa County, California Soil Survey, Series 1933, No. 26. Montmorillonite de osit material. The relatively "pure" montmorillonite clay was purchased as Panther Creek Bentonite from...

Hoover, William Leroy

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

103

A study of selected chemical admixtures for clay soil stabilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A STUDY OF SELECTED CHEMICAL ADNIXTURES FOR CI AY SOIL STABILIZATIOJJ A Thesis CHARLES BE GOVER BELEJJDEZ Submitted to the Graduate College of. the Texas AGN University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... LIST OF TABLES Table The Chemicals and Their Properties Particle Size Analysis for the Lufkin Fine Sandy Loam and the Houston Black Clay Atterberg Limit Results for Treated Samples for the Lufkin Fine Sandy Loam and the Houston Black Clay Page...

Gover Belendez, Charles Baker

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

104

NETL: News Release - DOE Projects Provide Stepping Stone to America's  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

13, 2006 13, 2006 DOE Projects Provide Stepping Stone to America's Hydrogen Economy New Twist on Old Technology Stresses Feedstock Flexibility, Plant Mobility, Lower Emissions WASHINGTON, DC - Department of Energy (DOE)-funded research is tweaking an old technology to develop new supplies of ultra-clean liquid transportation fuels from both coal and natural gas-and in the process provide a new source of non-polluting hydrogen energy. Two projects managed by the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) use a proprietary technology developed by Syntroleum Corp. of Tulsa, OK, to convert the Nation's abundant raw fossil fuels into either hydrogen or high hydrogen-content liquids, such as ultra-clean diesel and other environmentally-friendly liquid fuels.

105

Porous Clays and Pillared Clays-Based Catalysts. Part 2: A Review of the Catalytic and Molecular Sieve Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Metal oxide pillared clay (PILC) possesses several interesting properties, such as ... /metal oxide pillars. These unique characteristics make PILC an attractive material in catalytic reactions. It...5..., 5 1998...

Z. Ding; J.T. Kloprogge; R.L. Frost; G.Q. Lu; H.Y. Zhu

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Carboxylic acid sorption on synthetic clays in marine water: in vitro experiments and implications for organo-clay behaviour under marine conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Carboxylic acid sorption on synthetic clays in marine water: in vitro experiments-clay association indicates that, under marine water column conditions, the organic fixation is only a sorption organic carbon m-2 ), demonstrates that the sorption is controlled by the surface properties of clays

107

Holiday Food Drive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Food Drive Food Drive Holiday Food Drive During the recent holiday food drive, employees donated enough food to provide about 23,604 holiday meals for Northern New Mexico families. More than 432 frozen turkeys were donated this year by employees and other donors during 'Bring a Turkey to Work Day,' an annual Lab event that takes places Thanksgiving week. September 16, 2013 LANL employees organize food for the Holiday Food Drive. Contacts Giving Drives Ed Vigil Community Programs Office (505) 665-9205 Email Giving Drives Enrique Trujillo Community Programs Office (505) 665-6384 Email Helping feed Northern New Mexico families Community partners The Food Depot (Santa Fe) Del Norte Credit Union Smith's Food and Drug Giving Holiday Food Drive Holiday Gift Drive LANL Laces Los Alamos Employees' Scholarship Fund

108

Constitutive relationships for elastic deformation of clay rock: Data Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Geological repositories have been considered a feasible option worldwide for storing high-level nuclear waste. Clay rock is one of the rock types under consideration for such purposes, because of its favorable features to prevent radionuclide transport from the repository. Coupled hydromechanical processes have an important impact on the performance of a clay repository, and establishing constitutive relationships for modeling such processes are essential. In this study, we propose several constitutive relationships for elastic deformation in indurated clay rocks based on three recently developed concepts. First, when applying Hooke's law in clay rocks, true strain (rock volume change divided by the current rock volume), rather than engineering strain (rock volume change divided by unstressed rock volume), should be used, except when the degree of deformation is very small. In the latter case, the two strains will be practically identical. Second, because of its inherent heterogeneity, clay rock can be divided into two parts, a hard part and a soft part, with the hard part subject to a relatively small degree of deformation compared with the soft part. Third, for swelling rock like clay, effective stress needs to be generalized to include an additional term resulting from the swelling process. To evaluate our theoretical development, we analyze uniaxial test data for core samples of Opalinus clay and laboratory measurements of single fractures within macro-cracked Callovo-Oxfordian argillite samples subject to both confinement and water reduced swelling. The results from this evaluation indicate that our constitutive relationships can adequately represent the data and explain the related observations.

Liu, H.H.; Rutqvist, J.; Birkholzer, J.T.

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

109

Clays and Clay Minerals. Vol. 40. No.3, 355-358, 1992. THE EFFECT OF CLAY DISPERSION ON THE SORPTION OF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ON THE SORPTION OF ACETONITRILE Key Words-Clay dispersion, Organic sorption, Partition, Sorption mechanism in the two solvents, is a constant. The partition mechanism has been extended to describe the sorption. (1962, ]965), Theng (1972), and Theng and Scharpenseel (1976) proposed that the linear sorption isotherm

Sparks, Donald L.

110

New age constraints on the Middle Stone Age occupations of Kharga Oasis, Western Desert, Egypt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New age constraints on the Middle Stone Age occupations of Kharga Oasis, Western Desert, Egypt rocks, or tufas, exposed along the flanks of the Libyan Plateau near Kharga Oasis, Western Desert, Egypt

Asmerom, Yemane

111

Algorithms and Automated Material Handling Systems Design for Stacking 3D Irregular Stone Pieces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

one is based on the approximated weight of the stone. An automatic real-time stacking system including pneumatic devices, sensors, relays, a conveyor, a programmable logic controller, a robotic arm, and a vision system was developed for this study...

Ko, Ming-Cheng

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

112

A reinterpretation of "sense of place" : a study of the Stone Town of Zanzibar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis attempts to understand the evolution of the Stone Town of Zanzibar, an urban fabric that had undergone a phase of upheaval that was brought about by a brief period of rapid change in its political, social and ...

De Costa, Alfred Franklin

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Reduction of activation energy barrier of Stone-Wales transformation in endohedral metallofullerenes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using ab initio calculations, we examine effects of encapsulated metal atoms inside a C60 molecule on the activation energy barrier for the Stone-Wales transformation. The encapsulated metal atoms we study are K, Ca, and La which nominally donate one, two, and three electrons to the C60 cage, respectively. We find that isomerization of the endohedral metallofullerene via the Stone-Wales transformation can occur more easily than that of the empty fullerene owing to the charge transfer. When K, Ca, and La atoms are encapsulated inside the fullerene, the activation energy barriers are lowered by 0.30, 0.55, and 0.80eV, respectively compared with that of empty C60 (7.16eV). The lower activation energy barrier of the Stone-Wales transformation implies the higher probability of isomerization and coalescence of metallofullerenes, which require a series of Stone-Wales transformations.

Woon Ih Choi; Gunn Kim; Seungwu Han; Jisoon Ihm

2006-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

114

SETTING IN STONE: A CULTURAL GEOGRAPHY OF THE DRY STANE SYKES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the new rural economy. Even so, the artistry and the industry necessary to build a dry stone dyke are less be influential in refining methodological approach and narrative style. Ultimately, the project will produce

Guo, Zaoyang

115

Stone City and Cook Mountain (middle Eocene) scaphopods from southwest Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PALEONTOLOGICAL CONTRIBUTIONS July 10, 1974 Paper 70 STONE CITY AND COOK MOUNTAIN (MIDDLE EOCENE) SCAPHOPODS FROM SOUTHWEST TEXAS KENNETH A. HODGKINSON Exxon Company, U.S.A., Houston, Texas ABSTRACT At least 18 species... of scaphopods are recognized in samples from the Stone City and Cook Mountain Formations (Claibornian Stage) of the Brazos River Valley in south- eastern Texas. These include 11 species of Cadtdus, 4 of Dentalium, and 3 of Fustiaria; 10 of the species...

Hodgkinson, K. A.

1974-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

116

Food Science and Nutrition Department of Food Science and Nutrition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and food service segments of the food industry. Other ca- reer options include positions with federalFood Science and Nutrition Department of Food Science and Nutrition Institute for Food Safety of Food Science and Nutrition (FdSN) at the School of Applied Technology and the Institute for Food Safety

Heller, Barbara

117

HANFORD CONTAINERIZED CAST STONE FACILITY TASK 1 PROCESS TESTING & DEVELOPMENT FINAL TEST REPORT  

SciTech Connect

Laboratory testing and technical evaluation activities on Containerized Cast Stone (CCS) were conducted under the Scope of Work (SOW) contained in CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc. (CHG) Contract No. 18548 (CHG 2003a). This report presents the results of testing and demonstration activities discussed in SOW Section 3.1, Task I--''Process Development Testing'', and described in greater detail in the ''Containerized Grout--Phase I Testing and Demonstration Plan'' (CHG, 2003b). CHG (2003b) divided the CCS testing and evaluation activities into six categories, as follows: (1) A short set of tests with simulant to select a preferred dry reagent formulation (DRF), determine allowable liquid addition levels, and confirm the Part 2 test matrix. (2) Waste form performance testing on cast stone made from the preferred DRF and a backup DRF, as selected in Part I, and using low activity waste (LAW) simulant. (3) Waste form performance testing on cast stone made from the preferred DRF using radioactive LAW. (4) Waste form validation testing on a selected nominal cast stone formulation using the preferred DRF and LAW simulant. (5) Engineering evaluations of explosive/toxic gas evolution, including hydrogen, from the cast stone product. (6) Technetium ''getter'' testing with cast stone made with LAW simulant and with radioactive LAW. In addition, nitrate leaching observations were drawn from nitrate leachability data obtained in the course of the Parts 2 and 3 waste form performance testing. The nitrate leachability index results are presented along with other data from the applicable activity categories.

LOCKREM, L L

2005-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

118

Structural Characterization of Chitosan?Clay Nanocomposite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Novel materials originating from renowable sources mainly consist of biopolymers and their composites or nanocomposites. A typical material belonging to this group is chitosane (CS) which is a cationic natural polysaccharide that can be produced by alkaline N?deacetylation of chitine. Chitosane has a variety of applications in biomedical products cosmetics and food processing [1 2].Organic?inorganic hybrid materials basing on chitosane and nanoclay (montmoryllonite MMT) were characterized by the vibrational spectrocopy methods (Micro?Raman spectroscopy and FT?Raman spectroscopy) and the thermal analysis methods (TG DSC). It was shown that small amount on a nanofiller (MMT 3 wt.%) used to modify the polymer matrix influences the structure of its polymeric chains.

C. Paluszkiewicz; A. Weselucha?Birczynska; E. Stodolak

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Clay Electric Cooperative, Inc - Energy Smart Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Smart Energy Efficiency Smart Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Clay Electric Cooperative, Inc - Energy Smart Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Maximum Rebate Ceiling Insulation: $600 Spray Foam Insulation: $600 Heat Pump: $500 Program Info State Florida Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Ceiling Insulation: $0.11 per square foot Spray Foam Insulation: $0.28 per square foot Window Film: $0.44 per square foot Heat Pump Water Heater: $175 Heat Recovery Unit: $200 Heat Pump: $50 to $500 Provider Clay Electric Co-op Rebates are available only to Clay Electric Cooperative (CEC) residential

120

Clay Electric Cooperative, Inc - Energy Conservation Loans | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Conservation Loans Conservation Loans Clay Electric Cooperative, Inc - Energy Conservation Loans < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Heat Pumps Heating Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Solar Swimming Pool Heaters Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate $5,000 ($7,500 for metal roofs) Program Info State Florida Program Type Utility Loan Program Rebate Amount $1,000 - $7,500 Provider Clay Electric Co-op Clay Electric Cooperative (CEC), a Touchstone Energy Cooperative, covers 14 North Florida counties, including Gainesville, Keystone Heights, Lake City, Orange Park, Palatka, and Salt Springs. It offers loans to help customers

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food stone clay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Platte-Clay Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Platte-Clay Electric Coop, Inc Platte-Clay Electric Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Platte-Clay Electric Coop, Inc Place Missouri Utility Id 15138 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png DF - Dual Fuel Heating Residential GP - Schedule of Green Power Rate Adder MC3 - Medium Commercial Service Commercial R - Rural and Residential Service Residential R-ETS - Residential ETS Service Residential SL - 100 watt HPS Ornamental Fixture Lighting SL - 100 watt HPS Ornamental Fixture w/Pole Lighting

122

carleton.ca Food Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

); food safety (contaminants, food poisoning); and the sensory properties of food (taste, appearancecarleton.ca Food Science and Nutrition #12;The production and distribution of food is one on the effective processing, storage and handling of food. The field of food science integrates and applies

Dawson, Jeff W.

123

Lateral load test of a drilled shaft in clay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LATERAL LOAD TEST OF A DRILLED SHAFT IN CLAY A Thesis by VERNON RAY KASCH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1977 Major Subject...: Civil Engineering LATERAL LOAD TEST OF A DRILLED SHAFT IN CLAY A Thesis by VERNON RAY KASCH Approved as to style and content by: Harry M. Coyle - Ch irman of Committee Charles H. Samson, Jr. Head of Department Wayne . Dunlap - Ne er Christop er C...

Kasch, Vernon R

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Food Sales | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search Building Type Food Sales Definition Buildings used for retail or wholesale of food. Sub Categories grocery store or food market, gas station with a convenience...

125

Safer Food with Irradiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This publication answers questions about food irradiation and how it helps prevent foodborne illnesses. Included are explanations of how irradiation works and its benefits. Irradiation is a safe method of preserving food quality and ensuring its...

Thompson, Britta; Vestal, Andy; Van Laanen, Peggy

2003-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

126

Natural Toxicants in Foods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of exploring the potential naturally occurring toxic hazards of food plants is not to suggest an irrational avoidance of these common foods. However, it is important to identify, define, and invest...

Ross C. Beier; Herbert N. Nigg

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Food Service Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Service Service Characteristics by Activity... Food Service Food service buildings are those used for preparation and sale of food and beverages for consumption. Basic Characteristics [ See also: Equipment | Activity Subcategories | Energy Use ] Food Service Buildings... An overwhelming majority (72 percent) of food service buildings were small buildings (1,001 to 5,000 square feet). Tables: Buildings and Size Data by Basic Characteristics Establishment, Employment, and Age Data by Characteristics Number of Food Service Buildings by Predominant Building Size Categories Figure showing number of food service buildings by size. If you need assistance viewing this page, please contact 202-586-8800. Equipment Table: Buildings, Size, and Age Data by Equipment Types Predominant Heating Equipment Types in Food Service Buildings

128

RIETVELD REFINEMENT OF REAL STRUCTURE PARAMETERS OF DISORDERED CLAY MINERALS IN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-conventional hydrocarbons in Germany) Germany's potential for shale oil and shale gas NIKO seal gas-rich shale shale: sedimentary rock which contains quartz, carbonates and clay minerals #12;clay minerals in shales quartz

Magee, Joseph W.

129

Viscoelastic Properties of Montmorillonite Clay/Polyimide Composite Membranes and Thin Films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Montmorillonite clay, cloisite 30B (nanoclay), was successfully dispersed in a polyimide ... the structure of cloisite 30B clay powder and nanoclay/polyimide composites. The WAXD spectra of nanoclay powder and th...

J. O. Iroh; J. Longun

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Numerical simulation of profile control by clay particles after polymer flooding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A three-dimensional, two-phase, five-component mathematical model has been developed to describe flow characteristics of clay particles and flocs in the profile control process, in which the clay particle susp...

Qihong Feng; Shubin Shi; Sen Wang; Lu Zheng

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Multiscale micromechanical modeling of the thermal/mechanical properties of polymer/clay nanocomposites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Polymer/clay nanocomposites have been observed to exhibit enhanced thermal/mechanical properties at low weight fractions (We) of clay. Continuum-based composite modeling reveals that the enhanced properties are strongly ...

Sheng, Nuo, 1977-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

E-Print Network 3.0 - applied clay science Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

science Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: applied clay science Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Atomic Force Microscopy Study of Clay...

133

High-Stable Mesoporous Ni-Ce/Clay Catalysts for Syngas Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Delaminated-clay was synthesized from a natural smectite using polyvinyl alcohol and microwaves. Ni-Ce catalysts supported on delaminated clay achieved high stability in dry reforming of methane for syngas production

Carlos Enrique Daza; Oscar A. Gamba; Yesid Hernández…

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Four Simple Food Safety  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information and Seafood Hotline: 1-888-SAFE FOOD Partnership for Food Safety Education Web Site www. August, 2004 Separate: Separate raw meat, poultry and seafood from other foods in your grocery shopping not eat refrigerated smoked seafood unless it is contained in a cooked dish

Garfunkel, Eric

135

Uncertainty in the reactive transport model response to an alkaline perturbation in a clay formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSH_1.1 Gismondine Gyrolite Ettringite Katoite Straëtlingite2) monosulfoaluminate ? ettringite. In clay, the major paths

Burnol, A.; Blanc, P.; Xu, T.; Spycher, N.; Gaucher, E.C.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Clay Central Everly School Dist Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Everly School Dist Wind Farm Everly School Dist Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Clay Central Everly School Dist Wind Farm Facility Clay Central/Everly School Dist Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Clay Central/Everly School District Energy Purchaser Clay Central/Everly School District Location IA Coordinates 43.1392°, -95.2644° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.1392,"lon":-95.2644,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

137

Toxic element composition of multani mitti clay for nutritional safety  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

elements has exponentially increased over the last few decades due to combustion of fossil fuels and may pose health con- cerns. The data presented in this study can be used as national base level been aware of the beneficial health effects of clays since prehistoric times. Many ancient

Short, Daniel

138

Andrew Cotton-Clay Massachusetts Institute of Technology E-mail: acotton@math.berkeley.edu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Andrew Cotton-Clay Massachusetts Institute of Technology E-mail: acotton: Gromov's Nonsqueezing Theorem · Advisor: Peter Kronheimer Publications · A. Cotton-Clay. A sharp bound on fixed points of area-preserving surface diffeo- morphisms. In preparation. · A. Cotton-Clay. Symplectic

Cotton-Clay, Andrew

139

A review of microbial redox interactions with structural Fe in clay minerals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...electron shuttle in bicarbonate buffer (pH 7) with Shewanella putrifaciens...Implications for bentonite as backfill material in the disposal of...minerals. Pp. 429-482 in: Handbook of Clay Science (F. Bergaya...iron in clay minerals. In: Handbook of Clay Science , 2nd edition...

L. Pentráková; K. Su; M. Pentrák; J. W. Stucki

140

Mixed Waste Management Facility (MWMF) closure, Savannah River Plant: Clay cap test section construction report  

SciTech Connect

This report contains appendices 3 through 6 for the Clay Cap Test Section Construction Report for the Mixed Waste Management Facility (MWMF) closure at the Savannah River Plant. The Clay Cap Test Program was conducted to evaluate the source, lab. permeability, in-situ permeability, and compaction characteristics, representative of kaolin clays from the Aiken, South Carolina vicinity. (KJD)

Not Available

1988-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food stone clay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Food Safety and Technology Food Safety and Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Food Safety and Technology Food Safety and Technology Institute for Food Safety and Health IIT Program Manager: Renee McBrien The Institute for Food Safety and Health (IFSH), with IIT faculty, U ground for individuals seeking graduate edu- cation in food safety and technology and food process

Heller, Barbara

142

Developing a low cost 3D imaging solution for inscribed stone surface analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The article uses a 3D imaging based solution where surface shading is determined by surface geometry. It is applied to inscribed stone surfaces in order to examine lettering and other carvings dated to the 5th - 9th centuries AD. Mid-range terrestrial laser scanning and structure from motion (SfM) based photogrammetry were cross-examined in order to create a low cost, but nevertheless highly accurate solution to 3D imaging that requires a computer, a camera, open source software like CloudCompare and a SfM based service called Photo located at ReCap360.autodesk.com. Ambient occlusion (AO) shading was used to show improvements made to the SfM data, which was achieved by adding known parameters to all photographs used. It simulates the direct light components of a light source so that exposed areas appear lightened and enclosed areas (like crevices and incisions) appear darkened. In the case study, AO was used to differentiate lettering in the inscription from damage and weathering on the granite surface of the Tristan Stone, as well as picking up a previously unnoticed wheel-head cross. This particular inscribed stone is located near Fowey in Cornwall, UK, and was known as the Long Stone before its name was changed on British Ordnance Survey (OS) Maps in 1951. The Tristan Stone was the first artefact to be scanned by the FARO Focus3D laser scanner after its release in 2010.

Adam P. Spring; Caradoc Peters

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY STONE & WEBSTER FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STONE & WEBSTER FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF STONE & WEBSTER FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN RIGHTS UNDER AN NREL SUBCONTRACT NO. ZCG-6-15143-01, W(A)-96-006, CH-0898 AND FOR LARGE BUSINESS LOWER-TIER SUBCONTRACTS THEREUNDER Stone & Webster Corporation has petitioned for an Advance Waiver of Patent Rights under the above-identified National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) subcontract and under lower tier subcontracts entered into thereunder with parties who do not qualify for treatment under Public Law 96-517, as amended, or National Laboratories. NREL is operated by Midwest Research Institute (MRI) under the prime contract number DE-AC02- 83CH10093. The scope of the subcontract is to prepare a feasibility study for economical conversion of rice straw to ethanol near Gridley,

144

VEE-0090 - In the Matter of Smurfitt Stone Container Corp. | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

90 - In the Matter of Smurfitt Stone Container Corp. 90 - In the Matter of Smurfitt Stone Container Corp. VEE-0090 - In the Matter of Smurfitt Stone Container Corp. This Decision decides the merits of five Applications for Exception filed with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under the provisions of 10 C.F.R. § 1003.20. See infra Appendix. These Applications concern annual revenues and sales data pertaining to each firm's sale of electricity that the DOE Energy Information Administration (EIA) collects through Form EIA-861, "Annual Electric Power Industry Report." EIA publishes this data, by state, in firm-specific form. The present exception request seeks to have the Applicants' data withheld as confidential. In their Applications for Exception, the Applicants

145

Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact StatementS Big Stone II Power Plant and Transmission Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lead Agency: U.S. Department of Energy, Western Area Power Administration Lead Agency: U.S. Department of Energy, Western Area Power Administration Cooperating Agencies: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Rural Utilities Service U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of Engineers Title: Big Stone II Power Plant and Transmission Project Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact Statement Location: Proposed Big Stone II Plant: Big Stone City, South Dakota Proposed Transmission Facilities: Northeastern South Dakota and Southwestern Minnesota Contacts: For additional information on this Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact Statement, or to receive a copy, contact: For general information on the DOE National Environmental Policy Act process, write or call: Ms. Nancy Werdel Western Area Power Administration

146

Technetium and Iodine Getters to Improve Cast Stone Performance  

SciTech Connect

To determine the effectiveness of the various getter materials prior to their solidification in Cast Stone, a series of batch sorption experiments was performed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. To quantify the effectiveness of the removal of Tc(VII) and I(I) from solution by getters, the distribution coefficient, Kd (mL/g), was calculated. Testing involved placing getter material in contact with spiked waste solutions at a 1:100 solid-to-solution ratio for periods up to 45 days with periodic solution sampling. One Tc getter was also tested at a 1:10 solid-to-solution ratio. Two different solution media, 18.2 M? deionized water (DI H2O) and a 7.8 M Na LAW simulant, were used in the batch sorption tests. Each test was conducted at room temperature in an anoxic chamber containing N2 with a small amount of H2 (0.7%) to maintain anoxic conditions. Each getter-solution combination was run in duplicate. Three Tc- and I-doping concentrations were used separately in aliquots of both the 18.2 M? DI H2O and a 7.8 M Na LAW waste simulant. The 1× concentration was developed based on Hanford Tank Waste Operations Simulator (HTWOS) model runs to support the River Protection Project System Plan Revision 6. The other two concentrations were 5× and 10× of the HTWOS values. The Tc and I tests were run separately (i.e., the solutions did not contain both solutes). Sampling of the solid-solution mixtures occurred nominally after 0.2, 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15 days and ~35 to 45 days. Seven getter materials were tested for Tc and five materials were tested for I. The seven Tc getters were blast furnace slag 1 (BFS1) (northwest source), BFS2 (southeast source), Sn(II)-treated apatite, Sn(II) chloride, nano tin phosphate, KMS (a potassium-metal-sulfide), and tin hydroxapatite. The five iodine getters were layered bismuth hydroxide (LBH), argentite mineral, synthetic argentite, silver-treated carbon, and silver-treated zeolite. The Tc Kd values measured from experiments conducted using the 7.8 M Na LAW simulant (the simulant selected to represent LAW) for the first 15 days for four Tc getters (BFS1, BFS2, Sn(II)-treated apatite, and Sn(II) chloride) show no, to a very small, capacity to remove Tc from the LAW simulant. For the Tc-getter experiments in the 7.8 M LAW simulant, the majority of the effluent samples show very small drops in Tc concentrations for the 35-day compared to the 15-day samplings. However, the Tc concentration in the simulant blanks also dropped slightly during this period, so the effect of the getter contacting LAW simulant at 35 days compared to 15 days is minimal; except that the BFS1 1:10 test shows a slow but steady decrease in Tc concentration in the LAW simulant supernatant from the beginning to the 35 day contact at which point about 20% of the original Tc has been removed from solution. Lastly, the KMS getter gives the highest Kd value for Tc at 35 days where Kd values have increased to 104 mL/g. When considering the different I getters reacting with the 7.8 M LAW simulant, two getters are much more effective than the others: Ag zeolite and Syn Arg. The other getters have calculated iodide distribution coefficients that show very limited effectiveness in the caustic conditions created by the LAW simulant. These are preliminary results that will need more detailed analyses including both pre- and post-batch sorption getter solid-phase characterization using state-of-the-art instrumentation such as synchrotron X ray absorption spectroscopy, which can delineate the oxidation state of the Tc and likely iodine species as well as some of the getters key major components, sulfur and iron in the BFS, and tin and sulfur in the tin-bearing and sulfur-bearing getters. This report also describes future experimental studies to be performed to better elucidate the mechanisms controlling the Tc and I sequestration processes in the various getters and leach tests of getter-bearing Cast Stone monoliths.

Qafoku, Nikolla; Neeway, James J.; Lawter, Amanda R.; Levitskaia, Tatiana G.; Serne, R. Jeffrey; Westsik, Joseph H.; Snyder, Michelle MV

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

WRIGHT, MELANIE CLAY. The Effects of Automation on Team Performance and Team Coordination. (Under the direction of David B. Kaber).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT WRIGHT, MELANIE CLAY. The Effects of Automation on Team Performance and Team Coordination OF AUTOMATION ON TEAM PERFORMANCE AND TEAM COORDINATION By MELANIE CLAY WRIGHT A dissertation submitted #12;BIOGRAPHY Melanie Clay Wright was born Melanie Carol Clay in Bethesda, Maryland in April, 1966

Kaber, David B.

148

Temporary Food Service  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Food Service The SLAC Caf, auditorium and visitor center have been closed and will be replaced with a new Science and User Support Building (SUSB). During this construction...

149

City of Clay Center, Kansas (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clay Center Clay Center Place Kansas Utility Id 3710 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial- Rural Commercial Commercial- Urban Commercial Industrial- Rural Industrial Industrial- Urban Industrial Residential- Rural Residential Residential- Urban Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1050/kWh Commercial: $0.1120/kWh Industrial: $0.0876/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a"

150

Electrokinetics of natural and mechanically modified ripidolite and beidellite clays  

SciTech Connect

Particles of clay minerals were studied due to their importance in geochemical processes in natural waters, such as adsorption and transfer of ionic contaminants, stabilization by organics, and flocculation and sedimentation phenomena. Information on the behavior of clays was sought by experiments with model systems. Measurements of electrophoretic mobilities in relation to pH, at varying concentrations of well-characterized fulvic acid (FA), were performed on two structurally well defined, representative clay minerals prepared with clean surfaces: ripidolite (a well-known trioctahedral nonswelling chlorite) and beidellite (a typical dioctahedral smectite). Natural ripidolite and beidellite show high negative electrokinetic potentials in the range pH 2 ({minus}10 and {minus}20 mV, respectively) to pH 10 ({minus}60 and {minus}50 mV, respectively). Experiments utilizing mechanical particle disintegration (dry milling), mimicking natural wear and physical weathering, resulted in increases of specific surface area (12.3 and 1.5 times, respectively) and of cation exchange capacity (3.2 and 1.2 times, respectively). Such small-sized particles, shown by SEM figures, retain their crystal structure (X ray) and the nature of their structural bonds (FTIR), exhibiting an IEP (at pH 6.0 and 3.0, respectively). This was interpreted to be the creation of positively charged edge surfaces. Exposed to fulvic acid in solutions of 10{sup {minus}3} NaCl at pH = 6.5, these new surfaces showed an increase in negative {zeta}-potential for ripidolite, and, to a smaller extent, for beidellite. In the interaction of clay mineral particles with aqueous medium, it is concluded that the degree of mechanical wear is more decisive than the type of the mineral.

Sondi, I.; Pravdic, V. [Rudjer Boskovic Inst., Zagreb (Croatia). Center for Marine Research] [Rudjer Boskovic Inst., Zagreb (Croatia). Center for Marine Research

1996-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

151

Compressibility and permeability of clays at high pressure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

consolidation tests indicate that temperature does not seem to affect the compressibi1ity of bentonite and illite. How- ever, the compressibility of kaolinite increases slightly with an increase in temperature. The effect of temperature on the permeability... on the Compressibility and Permeability of Clay EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM Equipment Description of Samples Experimental Procedure Page 14 14 17 17 21 23 26 26 29 29 30 32 32 TABLE OF CONTENTS (Continued) DISCUSSION OF THE TEST RESULTS Consolidation...

Lee, Honwoo Thomas

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

152

Photocatalytic properties of titania pillared clays by different drying methods  

SciTech Connect

Photocatalysts based on titania pillared clays (TiO{sub 2} PILCs) have been prepared through a sol-gel method. Different drying methods, air drying (AD), air drying after ethanol extraction (EAD), and supercritical drying (SCD) have been employed and found to have significant effects on the photocatalytic efficiency of the resultant catalysts for the oxidation of phenol in water. Titania pillared clay (TiO{sub 2} PILC) obtained by SCD has the highest external and micropore surface area, largest amount and smallest crystallite size of anatase, and exhibited the highest photocatalytic activity. Furthermore, silica titania pillared clay (SiO{sub 2}-TiO{sub 2} PILC) after SCD, titania coated TiO{sub 2} PILC (SCD) and SiO{sub 2}-TiO{sub 2} PILC (SCD) were synthesized to study the key factors controlling the photocatalytic activity. It is concluded that the dispersion of nanometer-sized anatase on the surface of the PILC particles and the suspensibility of the particles are the most important factors for high photocatalytic efficiency.

Ding, Z.; Zhu, H.Y.; Lu, G.Q.; Greenfield, P.F. [Univ. of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland (Australia). Dept. of Chemical Engineering] [Univ. of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland (Australia). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

The Don-Kay-Clay Cash Foundation The Don-Kay-Clay Cash Foundation was established in 1997 to provide general and operating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Don-Kay-Clay Cash Foundation The Don-Kay-Clay Cash Foundation was established in 1997. He is currently a cattle rancher and President of the family foundation. In the past, he held other, and the Texas Tech University Foundation. Kay received her degree in Education from Texas Tech in 1967

Rock, Chris

154

Learning Outcomes Food Science & Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the long-term sustainability of Oregon's food processing industry · Provide service to the professionLearning Outcomes Food Science & Technology Oregon State University The Department's Learning of the Department of Food Science & Technology at Oregon State University is to serve food technologists, food

Escher, Christine

155

Food price volatility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of commodity price changes in energy and metals as well as for foods...commodities, in particular corn, sugar and vegetable oils...smaller in food markets than in energy and metals markets, reflecting...insignificant fall grains (%) maize (corn) 19.3 19.4 19.2 1.02...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Delayed Linear Expansion of Two Ultra-low Expansion Dental Stones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to measure the linear setting expansion of two ultra-low expansion dental stones used in definitive cast/ prosthesis fabrication which claim to have very low to no setting expansion. Five specimens of each material...

Oppedisano, Michael

2013-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

157

Multi-robot Human Guidance using Topological Graphs Piyush Khandelwal and Peter Stone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-robot Human Guidance using Topological Graphs Piyush Khandelwal and Peter Stone Department,pstone}@cs.utexas.edu Abstract Prior approaches to human guidance using robots in- side a building have typically been limited to a single robot guide that navigates a human from start to goal. However, due to their limited mobility

Stone, Peter

158

Topological description of the Stone-Wales defect formation energy in carbon nanotubes and graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Topological description of the Stone-Wales defect formation energy in carbon nanotubes and graphene,10,12,16,18,26 The reported values for SW defect formation energies both in carbon nanotubes and graphene8 energies depend largely on the nanotube radius, the orientation of the dislocation dipole, and, to a lesser

Daw, Murray S.

159

utism is the Rosetta Stone of human neurobiology. Deciphering autism will  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A utism is the Rosetta Stone of human neurobiology. Deciphering autism will lead us to new insights into the origins of language, personality, and artistic vision. The very characteristics that define us as human hundreds of cell diameters away, by sending out long axonal projections tipped with highly sensitive

160

Indian Agriculture and Foods  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Agriculture and Foods Agriculture and Foods Nature Bulletin No. 387-A September 19, 1970 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation INDIAN AGRICULTURE AND FOODS Most of the Indian tribes east of the Great Plains were part-time farmers. Some of them cultivated sunflowers, giant ragweed, canary grass and pigweed for their seeds, which they used as food. Many grew tobacco. But corn, beans and squash -- wherever the climate permitted - - were the principal crops. There were several varieties of beans. They ate both the seeds and rinds of some dozens of kinds of squash and pumpkin. When game was not abundant there was a wealth of wild fruits, berries, and many kinds of wild plants with edible leaves, seeds, or roots. Corn, however, was the ' staff of life" and they depended on corn, beans and squash -- "the three sisters" -- for year-round food.

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161

Summer Food Safety  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SUMMER FOOD SAFETY SUMMER FOOD SAFETY Year after year, we hear and read the same advice: Handle food carefully in the summer because foodborne illness -- also known as "food poisoning" -- is more prevalent in warmer weather. Do foodborne illnesses increase during the summer months? If so, why? Yes, foodborne illnesses do increase during the summer, and the answer appears to be twofold. First, there are the natural causes. Bacteria are present throughout the environment in soil, air, water, and in the bodies of people and animals. These microorganisms grow faster in the warm summer months. Most foodborne bacteria grow fastest at temperatures from 90 to 110 °F. Bacteria also need moisture to flourish, and summer weather is often hot and humid. Given the right circumstances, harmful bacteria can quickly multiply on food to large numbers.

162

Environmental Poisons in Our Food  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that Environmental Poisons in Our Food comparison looks likeEnvironmental Poisons in Our Food. Chicago: PNB Publishers,what is Environmental Poisons in Our Food? It is more than a

Kaag, Cindy

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Deputy Secretary of Energy Clay Sell to Depart | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clay Sell to Depart Clay Sell to Depart Deputy Secretary of Energy Clay Sell to Depart January 14, 2008 - 10:23am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today released the following statement: "It is with regret that I announce the resignation of Deputy Secretary of Energy Clay Sell. Clay has served with distinction as the Deputy Secretary of Energy for nearly three years and has played a key role in the Administration's efforts to enact landmark energy legislation in 2005 and 2007." "As the Department's Chief Operating Officer, Clay has led and implemented many of the successful Departmental improvements of the last three years, including improving the performance and capability of our nuclear weapons and intelligence organizations, streamlining the management and focus of

164

Clay Sell Sworn in as Deputy Secretary of Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clay Sell Sworn in as Deputy Secretary of Energy Clay Sell Sworn in as Deputy Secretary of Energy Clay Sell Sworn in as Deputy Secretary of Energy March 21, 2005 - 10:53am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Jeffrey Clay Sell was sworn in today as Deputy Secretary of Energy at a small ceremony held at the Department of Energy headquarters in Washington, DC. Mr. Sell was sworn in by Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman after being unanimously confirmed by the United States Senate on Thursday, March 17, 2005. "Clay brings a tremendous amount of knowledge and experience to the department, which will be critical as we seek to ensure an affordable, reliable energy supply for America's future," Secretary Bodman said. "As Deputy Secretary, Clay will play a critical role in the management of our nuclear stockpile and the effort to continue America's leadership in

165

Co/Pillared Clay Bifunctional Catalyst for Controlling the Product Distribution of Fischer?Tropsch Synthesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The results indicate that the activities of the catalysts (i.e., CO conversions) increase in the order of Co/Na-Clay ? Co/Si-PILC ? Co/acid-clay ? Co/Al-PILC PILC ? Co/SiO2. ... After calcination at 773 K for 4 h, zirconia-pillared clay (Zr-PILC) was obtained. ... Following the same procedure as used for preparing Zr-PILC, Al-PILC and Si-PILC were obtained. ...

Qing-Qing Hao; Guang-Wei Wang; Zhao-Tie Liu; Jian Lu; Zhong-Wen Liu

2010-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

166

Food Service | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Service Definition Buildings used for preparation and sale of food and beverages for consumption. Sub Categories fast food, restaurant or cafeteria References EIA CBECS Building...

167

Evaluation of Used Fuel Disposition in Clay-Bearing Rock  

SciTech Connect

Radioactive waste disposal in shale/argillite rock formations has been widely considered given its desirable isolation properties (low permeability), geochemically reduced conditions, anomalous groundwater pressures, and widespread geologic occurrence. Clay/shale rock formations are characterized by their high content of clay minerals such as smectites and illites where diffusive transport and chemisorption phenomena predominate. These, in addition to low permeability, are key attributes of shale to impede radionuclide mobility. Shale host-media has been comprehensively studied in international nuclear waste repository programs as part of underground research laboratories (URLs) programs in Switzerland, France, Belgium, and Japan. These investigations, in some cases a decade or more long, have produced a large but fundamental body of information spanning from site characterization data (geological, hydrogeological, geochemical, geomechanical) to controlled experiments on the engineered barrier system (EBS) (barrier clay and seals materials). Evaluation of nuclear waste disposal in shale formations in the USA was conducted in the late 70’s and mid 80’s. Most of these studies evaluated the potential for shale to host a nuclear waste repository but not at the programmatic level of URLs in international repository programs. This report covers various R&D work and capabilities relevant to disposal of heat-generating nuclear waste in shale/argillite media. Integration and cross-fertilization of these capabilities will be utilized in the development and implementation of the shale/argillite reference case planned for FY15. Disposal R&D activities under the UFDC in the past few years have produced state-of-the-art modeling capabilities for coupled Thermal-Hydrological-Mechanical-Chemical (THMC), used fuel degradation (source term), and thermodynamic modeling and database development to evaluate generic disposal concepts. The THMC models have been developed for shale repository leveraging in large part on the information garnered in URLs and laboratory data to test and demonstrate model prediction capability and to accurately represent behavior of the EBS and the natural (barrier) system (NS). In addition, experimental work to improve our understanding of clay barrier interactions and TM couplings at high temperatures are key to evaluate thermal effects as a result of relatively high heat loads from waste and the extent of sacrificial zones in the EBS. To assess the latter, experiments and modeling approaches have provided important information on the stability and fate of barrier materials under high heat loads. This information is central to the assessment of thermal limits and the implementation of the reference case when constraining EBS properties and the repository layout (e.g., waste package and drift spacing). This report is comprised of various parts, each one describing various R&D activities applicable to shale/argillite media. For example, progress made on modeling and experimental approaches to analyze physical and chemical interactions affecting clay in the EBS, NS, and used nuclear fuel (source term) in support of R&D objectives. It also describes the development of a reference case for shale/argillite media. The accomplishments of these activities are summarized as follows: ? Development of a reference case for shale/argillite; ? Investigation of Reactive Transport and Coupled THM Processes in EBS: FY14; ? Update on Experimental Activities on Buffer/Backfill Interactions at elevated Pressure and Temperature; ? Thermodynamic Database Development: Evaluation Strategy, Modeling Tools, First-Principles Modeling of Clay, and Sorption Database Assessment; ? ANL Mixed Potential Model For Used Fuel Degradation: Application to Argillite and Crystalline Rock Environments.

Carlos F. Jové Colón; Philippe F. Weck; David H. Sassani; Liange Zheng; Jonny Rutqvist; Carl I. Steefel; Kunhwi Kim; Seiji Nakagawa; James Houseworth; Jens Birkholzer; Florie A. Caporuscio; Michael Cheshire; Michael S. Rearick; Mary K. McCarney; Mavrik Zavarin; Ana Benedicto; Annie B. Kersting; Mark Sutton; James Jerden; Kurt E. Frey; Jacqueline M. Copple; William Ebert

2014-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

168

Synthesis, characterisation and application of organic surfactants modified clays for water purification.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis offered a step forward in the development of cheap and effective materials for water treatment. It described the modification of naturally abundant clay… (more)

Park, Yu Ri

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

LOW FLAMMABILITY FOAM-LIKE MATERIALS BASED ON EPOXY, TANNIC ACID, SODIUM MONTMORILLONITE CLAY.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Aerogels based on sodium montmorillonite clay, epoxy polymer, and tannic acid as a flame retardant additive were fabricated through a simple environmentally-friendly freeze drying process… (more)

Lang, Xiaolong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Controlled Release of Pesticides into Soils from Clay?Polymer Formulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By a fairly simple procedure, smectites can be modified into pillared clays (PILC). ... Preparation of PILC. ... (c) Preparation of the Al?PILC. ...

Z. Gerstl; A. Nasser; U. Mingelgrin

1998-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

171

Olive oil Mill Wastewater properties change during infiltration through clay soils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Olive oil Mill Wastewaters (OMW), are stored in clay basins in the region of Sfax (Tunisia). Field permeability measurements showed that the clay is not completely impermeable and its structure can be modified by the infiltration of OMW. Analysis of chemical composition of soil revealed the presence of phenolic compounds resulting from the percolation of OMW. An infiltration filled with clay and submerged with OMW at a height of 1.5 m was used to study the composition change of the support as OMW percolates through the clay. Compared to the raw OMW, infiltrated effluent showed a decease of its polluting load.

Adel Kharroubi; Raja Jarboui; Habib Abida; Emna Ammar

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Coupled hydro-mechanical processes in crytalline rock and in induratedand plastic clays: A comparative discussion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Term HM Measurements around HADES URF, Proceedings of EUROCKThe extension of the HADES Underground Research facility atin a plastic clay formation: The HADES underground research

Tsang, Chin-Fu; Blumling, Peter; Bernier, Frederic

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Comparison and analysis of reservoir rocks and related clays  

SciTech Connect

A series of instrumental and chemical analyses was made on sedimentary rocks to determine the surface chemical properties of sedimentry rocks and the physical characteristic of the pores. A scanning electron microscope (SEM) with energy dispersive X-ray analytic capability was used to study the morphology of the samples, surface mineral composition and type and location of clays, and to obtain a qualitative estimate of the pore sizes. A centrifuge was used to determine the pore size distributions which are correlated with SEM observations. An atomic absorption spectrophotometer equipped with an inductively coupled plasma for complete spectral analysis was used to obtain analyses of the rocks, clays, and effluents from ion exchange tests. Two of the results are as follows: (1) Sweetwater gas sands have a bimodal pore size distribution composed of pores with a mean diameter of 0.2 microns which is attributed to intergranular spaces and cracks in the expanded laborboratory sample but which will be close under the pressure of the overburden formations, and these Sweetwater sands have a distribution of pores at 2 microns which are solution vugs rather than intergranular porosity since the sand grains are completely packed together with the cementing material due to the high overburden pressures; and (2) Ion-exchange capacities of two rocks were 5.3 meq/kg and 18.0 meq/kg, and the surface areas were 0.9 m/sup 2//g and 2.30 m/sup 2//g, respectively, even though each had almost identical mineral composition, clay type and quantity, and permeability. 7 references, 12 figures, 3 tables.

Crocker, M.E.; Donaldson, E.C.; Marchin, L.M.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Arrested state of clay-water suspensions: gel or glass?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aging of a charged colloidal system has been studied by Small Angle X-rays Scattering, in the exchanged momentum range Q=0.03 - 5 nm-1, and by Dynamic Light Scattering, at different clay concentrations (Cw =0.6 % - 2.8 %). The static structure factor, S(Q), has been determined as a function of both aging time and concentration. This is the first direct experimental evidence of the existence and evolution with aging time of two different arrested states in a single system simply obtained only by changing its volume fraction: an inhomogeneous state is reached at low concentrations, while a homogenous one is found at high concentrations.

B. Ruzicka; L. Zulian; R. Angelini; M. Sztucki; A. Moussaid; G. Ruocco

2008-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

175

Model of crack propagation in a clay soil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of independent variables for maximum R to determine A for crack de th, 2 Number of variables in model (p) R Variables in model 0. 703913 0. 916176 0. 988151 0. 997207 0. 999328 H*CLrH*M~CL H, H*M, H~M*CL H, CL, H*M, H*M*CL H, CL, H"M, H*CL, H...: Agricultural Engineering MODEL OF CRACK PROPAGATION IN A CLAY SOIL A Thesis by PATRICK EDWIDGE CARRIERE Approved as to style and content by: John L. Nieber (Chairman of Committee) Donald L. Reddell (Member) Kirk W, Brown (Member ) Wilbert H...

Carriere, Patrick Edwidge

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

176

The global food supply  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...cure-alls include land reforms, crash programs in education...initiated somewhat earlier, Mexico moved from a substantial...principal sources of food energy for the world's population...essential agricultural reforms. If the population problem...

J G Harrar

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Non Invasive Measurements of Moisture in Full-Scale Stone and Brick Masonry Models After Simulated Flooding: Effectiveness of GPR  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Within the framework of a European Commission project entitled Cultural HEritage against Flood (CHEF), a research was carried out in Milan on full-scale stone and brick masonry models by means of a simulated f...

G. Cardani; L. Cantini; S. Munda; L. Zanzi…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

The Effect of Equilibrating Mounted Dental Stone Casts in Maximum Intercuspation on the Occlusal Harmony of an Indirect Restoration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to determine if equilibration of dental stone casts mounted in maximum intercuspation can improve occlusal harmony of a cast gold restoration. A dentoform mounted on an articulator with crown preparation on tooth #19...

Benson, Peter Andrew

2013-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

179

Field Performance of Three Compacted Clay Landfill Covers  

SciTech Connect

A study was conducted at sites in subtropical Georgia, seasonal and humid Iowa, and arid southeastern California to evaluate the field hydrology of compacted clay covers for final closure of landfills.Water balance of the covers was monitored with large (10 by 20 m), instrumented drainage lysimeters for 2 to 4 yr. Initial drainage at the Iowa and California sites was ,32 mm yr21 (i.e., unit gradient flow for a hydraulic conductivity of 1027 cm s21, the regulatory standard for the clay barriers in this study); initial drainage rate at the Georgia site was about 80 mm yr21. The drainage rate at all sites increased by factors ranging from 100 to 750 during the monitoring periods and in each case the drainage rate exceeded 32 mm yr21 by the end of the monitoring period. The drainage rates developed a rapid response to precipitation events, suggesting that increases in drainage rate were the result of preferential flow. Although no direct observations of preferential flow paths were made, field measurements of water content and temperature at all three sites suggested that desiccation or freeze–thaw cycling probably resulted in formation of preferential flow paths through the barrier layers. Data from all three sites showed the effectiveness of all three covers as hydraulic barriers diminished during the 2 to 4 yr monitoring period, which was short compared with the required design life (often 30 yr) of most waste containment facilities.

Albright, William H.; Benson, Craig H.; Gee, Glendon W.; Abichou, Tarek; Tyler, Scott W.; Rock, Steven

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

The effect of stone retention walls on soil productivity and crop performance on selected hillside farms in southern Honduras  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE EFFECT OF STONE RETENTION WALLS ON SOIL PRODUCTIVITY AND CROP PERFORMANCE ON SELECTED HILLSIDE FARMS IN SOUTHERN HONDURAS A Thesis by MARC ELLERY THOMPSON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1992 Major Subject Soil Science THE EFFECT OF STONE RETENTION WALLS ON SOIL PRODUCTIVITY AND CROP PERFORMANCE ON SELECTED HILLSIDE FARMS IN SOUTHERN HONDURAS A Thesis by MARC...

Thompson, Marc Ellery

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food stone clay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

A rapid, nondestructive method for screening rootstocks of stone fruits and almonds (Prunus spp.) for salt tolerance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A RAPID, NONDESTRUCTIVE METFIOD FOR SCREENING ROOTSTOCKS OF STONE FRUITS AND ALMONDS lPRIJNUS SPP. ) FOR SALT TOLERANCE A Thesis YVONNE OTTMAN Submttted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1986 Major Subject: Horticulture A RAPID, NONDESTRUCTIVE METHOD FOR SCREENING ROOTSTOCKS OF STONE FRUITS AND ALMONDS (PRUNUS SPP. ) FOR SALT TOLERANCE A Thesis by YVONNE OTTMAN Approved...

Ottman, Yvonne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

182

Crystal Growth Inhibitors for the Prevention of L-Cystine Kidney Stones Through Molecular Design  

SciTech Connect

Crystallization of L-cystine is a critical step in the pathogenesis of cystine kidney stones. Treatments for this disease are somewhat effective but often lead to adverse side effects. Real-time in situ atomic force microscopy (AFM) reveals that L-cystine dimethylester (L-CDME) and L-cystine methylester (L-CME) dramatically reduce the growth velocity of the six symmetry-equivalent {l_brace}100{r_brace} steps because of specific binding at the crystal surface, which frustrates the attachment of L-cystine molecules. L-CDME and L-CME produce L-cystine crystals with different habits that reveal distinct binding modes at the crystal surfaces. The AFM observations are mirrored by reduced crystal yield and crystal size in the presence of L-CDME and L-CME, collectively suggesting a new pathway to the prevention of L-cystine stones by rational design of crystal growth inhibitors.

Rimer, Jeffrey D.; An, Zhihua; Zhu, Zina; Lee, Michael H.; Goldfarb, David S.; Wesson, Jeffrey A.; Ward, Michael D. (NY Univ.); (MCW)

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

183

Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact StatementS Big Stone II Power Plant and Transmission Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ES-1 ES-1 ES.0 Summary In May 2006, Western Area Power Administration (Western), Rural Utilities Service (RUS), and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) issued the Big Stone II Power Plant and Transmission Project Draft Environmental Impact Statement (Draft EIS, DOE/EIS-0377). The Draft EIS described the details of constructing and operating a nominal 600-megawatt (MW), coal-fired, baseload electric generating facility and associated transmission line and substation upgrades, known as the Big Stone II Project (proposed Project). The proposed Project would be constructed by Otter Tail Corporation (dba Otter Tail Power Company (OTP)), Central Minnesota Municipal Power Agency, Great River Energy, Heartland Consumers Power District, Montana-Dakota Utilities Co., Southern Minnesota Municipal Power Agency, and

184

E-Print Network 3.0 - artificial fly ash-clay Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fly ash-clay Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Study of composite cement containing burned oil shale Summary: studied. Context SiO2 CaO Al2O3 OPC BFS Class C fly ash Clays Metakaolin...

185

Dechlorination of Pentachlorophenol by ammonium amended clays: development of field applicable techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

P, CqP, CtP. 14 CB JECTIVE The objective of this research was to develop a field pracfical method to use ammoniated clays for dechlorination of PCP. To do this, techniques need to be developed to process the anunonium-treated clay into water stable...

Lu, Junying

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Porous Materials Prepared from Clays for the Upgrade of Landfill Gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Portuguese clay from soil deposits in Porto Santo (Madeira archipelago), previously characterized,(47) was used in the preparation of the porous PCH and PILC. ... For comparison purposes, MCM-41, a solid with well-defined mesopores, and a PILC material were used. ... (48) PILC was obtained from the natural clay. ...

Moisés L. Pinto; João Pires; João Rocha

2008-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

187

Probing the Interface of Microscopic Clay Particles in Aqueous Solution by Second Harmonic Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of catechol (OHC6H4- OH), adsorbed onto the surface of titanium dioxide micropar- ticles in aqueous solution adsorption and the electrostatic properties of clay particles. 1. Introduction The abundance in nature and the unique adsorptive and catalytic properties of clay particles make them a subject of fundamental

Eisenthal, Kenneth B.

188

The Sunclay and Kullavik Projects — Heat Storage in Clay at Low and High Temperature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The SUNCLAY-project, which was constructed 1979–1980, is one of the first projects were clay is used as heat-storage. The temperature of the clay is raised to 14–15°C by low-temperature solar collectors during...

S. Olsson

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Challenges facing food engineering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Food engineering (FE) was identified as a promising field in the mid-20th century. In the succeeding years, demand for food engineers in industry has continued unabated, but the field, in an academic sense, has not quite lived up to its potential. Yet, the coming challenges of the 21st century offer many opportunities for persons with FE training. This article is based on a plenary session held during the Conference of Food Engineering 2012, in Leesburg, Virginia, USA, and consists of a compilation of opinions of the authors. In order to develop further, FE needs to shed its historical mindset, and embrace a broader vision of its scope to include product, internal human and industrial processes, equipment, package and sensor/automation engineering. Training in FE could be vital to helping address issues such as water availability and quality, health and wellness, food safety, energy and sustainability. A number of 21st century developments will drive this change, including world population growth and aging; the digital universe, “big data” and informatics; personalization, food, health and wellness; food security, environment, sustainability and social responsibility; and the innovation ecosystem (open innovation and partnerships). Food engineering education will also have to change to keep pace with the extraordinary expansion of knowledge, the availability of virtual tools, diminishing funding and laboratory resources, and the possibility of creating partnerships between industry and academia. Studying inner transport phenomena, utilization of new techniques, such as micro processing for modeling and simulation of the digestion system, bioavailability, satiety, DNA predisposition, and nutrigenomics offer unique opportunities. The case of FE in UK and Europe are addressed, where consortia involving different industries have been able to partner to focus on problems with a common scientific theme to leverage their efforts. Finally, the experience of one food company in hiring food engineers as well as chemical engineers is highlighted, together with their interview processes and criteria. While this represents a collection of the opinions of the individual authors, it is hoped that the discussion stimulates a more wide-ranging conversation about FE to enable it to develop further into the 21st century.

I. Sam Saguy; R. Paul Singh; Tim Johnson; Peter J. Fryer; Sudhir K. Sastry

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Report on Modeling Coupled Processes in the Near Field of a Clay Repository  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

on Modeling Coupled Processes in the Near Field of a Clay on Modeling Coupled Processes in the Near Field of a Clay Repository Report on Modeling Coupled Processes in the Near Field of a Clay Repository Clay/shale has been considered as potential host rock for geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste throughout the world. Coupled thermal, hydrological, mechanical, and chemical (THMC) processes have a significant impact on the long-term safety of a clay repository. This report documents results from three R&D activities: (1) implementation and validation of constitutive relationships, (2) development of a discrete fracture network (DFN) model for investigating coupled processes in the excavation damaged zone, and (3) development of a THM model for the Full-Scale Emplacement Experiment tests at Mont Terri, Switzerland, for the

191

Carbon Emissions: Food Industry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Food Industry Food Industry Carbon Emissions in the Food Industry The Industry at a Glance, 1994 (SIC Code: 20) Total Energy-Related Emissions: 24.4 million metric tons of carbon (MMTC) -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 6.6% Total First Use of Energy: 1,193 trillion Btu -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 5.5% Carbon Intensity: 20.44 MMTC per quadrillion Btu Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey" and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998 Energy-Related Carbon Emissions, 1994 Source of Carbon Carbon Emissions (million metric tons) All Energy Sources 24.4 Net Electricity 9.8 Natural Gas 9.1 Coal 4.2 All Other Sources 1.3 Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey" and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998

192

Analyzing Food Safety Cultures: A Means to Improve Food Safety in the Catering Sector .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Food safety is one of the most pertinent issues in the food service industry. Food borne illness and food poisoning can be lethal and can… (more)

Ghezzi, Sara

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

The occurrence of clays and their bearing on evaporite mineralogy in the Salado Formation, Delaware Basin, New Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-existing minerals resulting in deposition of clays on the last solution front. Although the clay chemistry does not vary, the clay mineralogy differs with respect to its associ- ated evaporite mineralogy. Low-charge corrensite is associated with iv halite... Diagenesfs. Polyhalite-Halite, Massive Langbeinite-Halite . Langbeinite-Loeweite-Halite. Langbei ni te-Syl vite-Halite Langbeinite-Kainite-Halite . Clay Chemistry and Mineralogy. Evolution of Observed Sequence . CONCLUSIONS REFERENCES. APPENDIX I...

Harville, Donald Gene

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

194

Food Adulteration in Texas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

proper provision for its enfolrcement, passage of the Federal Food Law. The time seems propitious for the 4 and which will, in co-operation with the Federal law, rfd the State of all adulterated or illegal food. The present Texas law is a good one... itself until the past summer. 3 Samples were then collected in Houston, Bryan, Waco, Dallas, Ft. Worth, and Clebiurne These samples were examined for adulteration or illegal additions, and the results are presented in the following tables. Table I...

Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1906-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Lanthanides-clay nanocomposites: Synthesis, characterization and optical properties  

SciTech Connect

Complexes of Europium(III) and Terbium(III) with 2,2-bipyridine and 1,10-phenanthroline were inserted into Na-bentonite by ion exchange reactions at room temperature. The products display interlaminar distances and stoichiometries in agreement with the ion exchange capacity and the interlayer space available in the clay. The optical properties of the intercalates, being qualitatively similar to those of the free complexes, are additionally improved with respect to exchange processes with the medium, especially in a moist environment. The protection again hydrolysis, together with the intensity of the optical transition {sup 5}D{sub 0}-{sup 5}F{sub 2} observed in the nanocomposite, makes these products promising for the development of novel optical materials.

Celedon, Salvador; Quiroz, Carolina [Universidad Tecnologica Metropolitana, Department of Chemistry, P.O. Box 9845, Santiago (Chile); Gonzalez, Guillermo [Universidad de Chile, Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry, P.O. Box 653, Santiago (Chile); Sotomayor Torres, Clivia M. [University College Cork, Tyndall National Institute, Lee Maltings, Cork (Ireland); Catalan Institute of Nanotechnology, Campus de Bellaterra, Edifici CM3, ES 08193, Institute of Research and Advanced Studies ICREA, 08010 Barcelona (Spain); Benavente, Eglantina [Universidad Tecnologica Metropolitana, Department of Chemistry, P.O. Box 9845, Santiago (Chile)], E-mail: ebenaven@utem.cl

2009-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

196

Minimising the global warming potential of clay based geopolymers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Production of Portland cement (PC) binders contributes substantially to global CO2 production and various bodies including the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) have identified geopolymers as alternative binders with the potential to reduce these emissions. The hypothesis of this research is to investigate whether this is a realistic proposition in the light of limited waste materials such as fly ash and ground granulated blast furnace slag commonly used as geopolymer precursors. The effect of use of natural clay minerals as alternative precursors on global warming potential (GWP) is investigated. Methods of designing mixes with the lowest possible GWP are presented and these are compared to the GWP of PC and currently available metakaolin based geopolymer binders. It is concluded that it is possible to reduce the GWP by approximately 40%, but other impacts may increase.

Andrew Heath; Kevin Paine; Marcelle McManus

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Radioactivity in food crops  

SciTech Connect

Published levels of radioactivity in food crops from 21 countries and 4 island chains of Oceania are listed. The tabulation includes more than 3000 examples of 100 different crops. Data are arranged alphabetically by food crop and geographical origin. The sampling date, nuclide measured, mean radioactivity, range of radioactivities, sample basis, number of samples analyzed, and bibliographic citation are given for each entry, when available. Analyses were reported most frequently for /sup 137/Cs, /sup 40/K, /sup 90/Sr, /sup 226/Ra, /sup 228/Ra, plutonium, uranium, total alpha, and total beta, but a few authors also reported data for /sup 241/Am, /sup 7/Be, /sup 60/Co, /sup 55/Fe, /sup 3/H, /sup 131/I, /sup 54/Mn, /sup 95/Nb, /sup 210/Pb, /sup 210/Po, /sup 106/Ru, /sup 125/Sb, /sup 228/Th, /sup 232/Th, and /sup 95/Zr. Based on the reported data it appears that radioactivity from alpha emitters in food crops is usually low, on the order of 0.1 Bq.g/sup -1/ (wet weight) or less. Reported values of beta radiation in a given crop generally appear to be several orders of magnitude greater than those of alpha emitters. The most striking aspect of the data is the great range of radioactivity reported for a given nuclide in similar food crops with different geographical origins.

Drury, J.S.; Baldauf, M.F.; Daniel, E.W.; Fore, C.S.; Uziel, M.S.

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Food-Borne Trematodiases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...irrigation systems had been built in Egypt and Peru (70). The construction...29). To meet the projected demand and to maintain food security...who were treated with three daily 25-mg/kg doses of praziquantel...only four countries: Ecuador, Egypt, France, and Venezuela (50...

Jennifer Keiser; Jürg Utzinger

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Carbon Strategy for the Food Industry FAPC Food Process Engineer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Kerr Food & Agricultural Products Center FOOD TECHNOLOGY FACT SHEET 405-744-6071 · www.fapc.bizAdding Value to Oklahoma f a p c Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service · Division of Agricultural Sciences issues for food processors: · Green house gas (GHG) · Carbon footprint · Life cycle assessment (LCA

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

200

Effect of aging of the pillaring reagent on the microstructure and cracking activity of pillared clay  

SciTech Connect

Pillared interlayer clay (PILC) is formed by exchanging large hydroxyaluminum polycations into the interlayer of a smectite clay such as montmorillonite, which is made up of sheet-like silica/alumina layers. Calcination of the exchanged clay gives a well dispersed array of metal oxide clumps (i.e., pillars) bonded top and bottom to the silica/alumina layers of the clay. The permanent separation of the clay layers gives an 8 to 10-fold increase in surface area, from 30 to 250-300 m{sup 2}/g, and a microporous structure similar to but less constrained than that of zeolites. Recently, there has been an increased interest in the use of these clays as cracking catalysts. For example, pillared clays have been shown to be an active cracking catalyst for both single component and gas oil feeds. PILC's also lead to both higher light cycle oil (LCO) and coke yields than conventional cracking catalysts. Commercially available, metal-hydrolyzed hydroxyaluminum solutions containing chlorhydrol, A1{sub 2}(OH){sub 5}C1.2H{sub 2}O, have been used as one source of the polycation solution. The approach of these hydrolyzed polycation solutions to equilibrium is known as aging. During the aging process certain polycationic species disappear from the solution and new species are formed. For this reason, the aging process can have a significant influence on the properties of the pillared clays. The objective of this work was to determine how the physical and catalytic properties of the pillared clay depend on the aging of dilute cholorhydrol solutions.

Harris, J.R. (Phillips Petroleum Company, Bartlesville, OK (USA))

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food stone clay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Food consumption trends and drivers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...original work is properly cited. Food consumption trends and drivers John Kearney...Government policy. A picture of food consumption (availability) trends and projections...largely responsible for these observed consumption trends are the subject of this review...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Food Safety Assurance Systems: Food Safety and Ethics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this article, ethical issues related to food operations and food safety are discussed. The article starts out by raising the question: What is ethics? Concepts such as, the utilitarian approach, rights approach, fairness or justice approach, common good approach, and virtue approach are briefly explained as an introduction to the further discussion of ethical dilemmas in relation to food safety. Dilemmas related to specific food safety issues, as unpasteurized cheese production and genetically modified organisms among others, are used to illustrate the problems. The precautionary principle and problems related to ethical decision making for the food industry are also presented.

N. Veflen Olsen; Y Motarjemi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

The NASA Food Commercial Space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The NASA Food Technology Commercial Space Center and How Your Company Can Participate space in a range of food development projects. For more information about NASA FTCSC or to arrange a presentation about the NASA FTCSC program, contact Dr. Anthony L. Pometto III Director NASA Food Technology

Lin, Zhiqun

204

FOOD FISH FACTS (Osmerus mordax)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

89 FOOD FISH FACTS Smelt (Osmerus mordax) Smelt have been a popular food fish on the North American in baskets . Among early Pacific slope Indians, fish were extremely important as food and used as one. Uses of Smelt Smelt have delicate , sweet flavor an d con - tain a pleasant oil that aids digestion. l

205

Safe Food in a Hurry.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

] Safe Food in a Hurry Mary K. Sweeten* Foodborne illness can lead to time away from the job for the employed homemaker besides causing family misery. You have to work to prevent food poisoning as you buy, store, cook and serve food. When you must...

Sweeten, Mary K.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Food Safety and Meat Microbiology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Food Safety and Meat Microbiology School July 17-19, 2012 Master Meat Crafter Program Department) and the University of Wisconsin-Madison Meat Science Laboratory are again hosting the Food Safety and Meat your food safety systems and the safety of your products. Topics will include microbiology, sanitation

Sheridan, Jennifer

207

Food Safety Policy December 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Food Safety Policy December 2011 #12;www.surrey.ac.uk2 Food Safety Policy Some Useful Telephone) Security Extension Number: 2002 or from external phones: (01483) 682002 Health and Safety Department the line to be put through to an operator. www.surrey.ac.uk 3 Food Safety Policy Contents Page 1

Doran, Simon J.

208

The provenance of the stone ballast from the Molasses Reef Wreck  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the ballast-mound strati graphy was recorded 13 Sorted ballast from section 13 of the LM cross section 15 Original hand-specimen sample form. 18 A simpiified hand-specimen sample form employed on the centerline cross section ba 1 I ast stones 18... reasonably well but the l2 Figure 2. View of the MRW ballast mound from the south end. (Photo courtesy of INA staff) 0 1 2 1" 1 I 0-aa 0- 1 ~ LM TRANSECT MN TRANSECT 04 TRANSECT MID 4 THAHSKCT Cf NTERLINK 1 - 1 33 KL TRANSECT NORTH \\3 3031...

Lamb, William Reginald

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

209

Abundance and distribution of the western Gulf stone crab (Menippe adina) in Galveston Bay, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I BUNDANCE AND DI STRISUT . ON OF THE WESTERN GULF STOiuE CRAB LilFNIL'PC l', Diijil) IN GALVESTON BAY TEXAS Thesis JALXE iiURRAY HOSLET SuL&mitted to th= Office of Graduate Studies of Texa Aai1 University in :. a- Dial fulfullment... of the requirements for the deqree of MAS'I ~ R OI" SCIENCE May 19B9 Major subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences ABUNDANCE AND DISTRIBUTION OF THE WESTERN GULF STONE CRAB (NENIPPE ADINA) IN GALVESTON BAY, TEXAS A Thesis by JANE MURRAY BOSLET Approved...

Boslet, Jane Murray

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

210

Cast Stone Oxidation Front Evaluation: Preliminary Results For Samples Exposed To Moist Air  

SciTech Connect

The rate of oxidation is important to the long-term performance of reducing salt waste forms because the solubility of some contaminants, e.g., technetium, is a function of oxidation state. TcO{sub 4}{sup ?} in the salt solution is reduced to Tc(IV) and has been shown to react with ingredients in the waste form to precipitate low solubility sulfide and/or oxide phases. Upon exposure to oxygen, the compounds containing Tc(IV) oxidize to the pertechnetate ion, Tc(VII)O{sub 4}{sup ?}, which is very soluble. Consequently the rate of technetium oxidation front advancement into a monolith and the technetium leaching profile as a function of depth from an exposed surface are important to waste form performance and ground water concentration predictions. An approach for measuring contaminant oxidation rate (effective contaminant specific oxidation rate) based on leaching of select contaminants of concern is described in this report. In addition, the relationship between reduction capacity and contaminant oxidation is addressed. Chromate (Cr(VI) was used as a non-radioactive surrogate for pertechnetate, Tc(VII), in Cast Stone samples prepared with 5 M Simulant. Cast Stone spiked with pertechnetate was also prepared and tested. Depth discrete subsamples spiked with Cr were cut from Cast Stone exposed to Savannah River Site (SRS) outdoor ambient temperature fluctuations and moist air. Depth discrete subsamples spiked with Tc-99 were cut from Cast Stone exposed to laboratory ambient temperature fluctuations and moist air. Similar conditions are expected to be encountered in the Cast Stone curing container. The leachability of Cr and Tc-99 and the reduction capacities, measured by the Angus-Glasser method, were determined for each subsample as a function of depth from the exposed surface. The results obtained to date were focused on continued method development and are preliminary and apply to the sample composition and curing / exposure conditions described in this report. The Cr oxidation front (depth to which soluble Cr was detected) for the Cast Stone sample exposed for 68 days to ambient outdoor temperatures and humid air (total age of sample was 131 days) was determined to be about 35 mm below the top sample surface exposed. The Tc oxidation front, depth at which Tc was insoluble, was not determined. Interpretation of the results indicates that the oxidation front is at least 38 mm below the exposed surface. The sample used for this measurement was exposed to ambient laboratory conditions and humid air for 50 days. The total age of the sample was 98 days. Technetium appears to be more easily oxidized than Cr in the Cast Stone matrix. The oxidized forms of Tc and Cr are soluble and therefore leachable. Longer exposure times are required for both the Cr and Tc spiked samples to better interpret the rate of oxidation. Tc spiked subsamples need to be taken further from the exposed surface to better define and interpret the leachable Tc profile. Finally Tc(VII) reduction to Tc(IV) appears to occur relatively fast. Results demonstrated that about 95 percent of the Tc(VII) was reduced to Tc(IV) during the setting and very early stage setting for a Cast Stone sample cured 10 days. Additional testing at longer curing times is required to determine whether additional time is required to reduce 100 % of the Tc(VII) in Cast Stone or whether the Tc loading exceeded the ability of the waste form to reduce 100 % of the Tc(VII). Additional testing is required for samples cured for longer times. Depth discrete subsampling in a nitrogen glove box is also required to determine whether the 5 percent Tc extracted from the subsamples was the result of the sampling process which took place in air. Reduction capacity measurements (per the Angus-Glasser method) performed on depth discrete samples could not be correlated with the amount of chromium or technetium leached from the depth discrete subsamples or with the oxidation front inferred from soluble chromium and technetium (i.e., effective Cr and Tc oxidation fronts). Residual reduction capacity

Langton, C. A.; Almond, P. M.

2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

211

Montana State University 1 Sustainable Food &  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, bioenergy production, marketing, distribution, and local food systems. Sustainable Food Systems OptionMontana State University 1 Sustainable Food & Bioenergy Systems This program is a unique, processing, distribution, and utilization of food and bioenergy. The degree focuses on ecologically sound

Maxwell, Bruce D.

212

Electric field induced structuring in clay–oil suspensions: new insights from WAXS, SEM,  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electric field induced structuring in clay–oil suspensions has been studied by means of wide angle x-ray scattering (WAXS), rheometry, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), as well as leak current density and dielectric constant measurements. The clay particles' orientation distribution was inferred from the azimuthal changes of the clay diffraction peak intensity. The angular width of that distribution was quantified through an orientational order parameter. Chain and column formation processes were distinguished by comparison of the time evolution of the diffraction peak amplitude with that of the current density. Leak current density was measured for different electric field strengths E and clay particle concentrations ?. The following scaling relation was found: . In addition, the dependence of the yield stress on the electric field and on the particle concentration was measured and shown to scale as: .

Z Rozynek; K D Knudsen; J O Fossum; Y Méheust; B Wang; M Zhou

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Three-dimensional anisotropic swelling model for clay shale —a fabric approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A three-dimensional model is developed to quantify the anisotropic swelling behaviour of geological materials. The model considers clay mineral particle swelling, fabric anisotropy and induced stress anisotropy as important fundamentals. The double layer theory is used to describe the relationship between the interactive particle stress and the swelling strain. Continuous functions are introduced to represent the fabric density and the particle stress distributions and to permit continuum analyses of three-dimensional swelling problems. The performance of the model has been evaluated against the experimental data obtained from swell tests on a clay soil and two clay shales. It is found that the model provides reasonable predictions on the swelling behaviour of high-density clay shale in which the swelling is dominated by the microstructural particle swelling rather than the macrostructural matrix deformation.

R.C.K. Wong; E.Z. Wang

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Surface Modification of Smectite Clay Induced by Non-thermal Gliding Arc Plasma at Atmospheric Pressure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Smectite clay from Sabga (west-Cameroon) was treated in aqueous suspension by gliding arc plasma to modify its surface properties. The evolution of the modifications was followed with the exposure time and pos...

Antoine Tiya Djowe; Samuel Laminsi…

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Detection and Quantification of Expansive Clay Minerals in Geologically-Diverse Texas Aggregate Fines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and asphalt concretes. The Texas Department of Transportation (TXDOT) and Texas A&M Transportation Institute (TTI) evaluated the methylene blue adsorption test for its potential to identify and estimate quantities of expansive clays in aggregate stockpiles...

Russell, George 1983-

2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

216

Behavior of 10 full-scale ground anchors installed in stiff clay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Results from load tests conducted on ten, full-scale instrumented ground anchors installed in stiff clay, illustrated that anchor performance is load-history dependent. Anchors having shorter bonded lengths performed significantly better than...

Powers, William Francis

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Effects of tunneling on groundwater flow and swelling of clay-sulfate rocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[1] Swelling of clay-sulfate rocks is a major threat in tunneling. It is triggered by the transformation of the sulfate mineral anhydrite into gypsum as a result of water inflow in anhydrite-containing layers after tunnel ...

Butscher, Christoph

218

K-Ar Dates Of Hydrothermal Clays From Core Hole Vc-2B, Valles...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

zone. Six illitic clays within Quaternary caldera-fill debris flow, tuffaceous sediment, and ash-flow tuff (48 to 587 m depth) yield ages from 0.35 to 1.09 Ma. Illite from...

219

Modification of the porosity of pillared clays by carbon deposition. I. Polymer carbonization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to use pillared clays (PILC) for selective adsorption, further modifications of ... on the porosity of Ti- and Al-PILC is discussed in terms of pore-blocking, ... resulted in a complete pore-blocking for...

N. Maes; E. F. Vansant

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Monolayer cuprous chloride dispersed on pillared clays for olefin-paraffin separations by ?-complexation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

New adsorbents containing cuprous chloride dispersed on pillared interlayered clays (PILC) have been prepared and studied for olefin-paraffin separations. High surface-area PILC's were synthesized with different ...

Linda S. Cheng; Ralph T. Yang

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food stone clay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Adsorption Behaviour of Basic Dyes on the Humic Acid Immobilized Pillared Clay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work, the adsorption of three basic dyes, namely methylene blue (MB), crystal violet (CV) and rhodamine B (RB) on the humic acid (HA) immobilized pillared clay (PILC) (HA-PILC) was studied. The adsorption...

V. P. Vinod; T. S. Anirudhan

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

A comparison of the behavior of intact and Resedimented Boston Blue Clay (BBC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Resedimented Boston Blue Clay (RBBC) has been used as an analog test material for research at MIT for decades, due to local variability and the high cost of sampling. However, a comprehensive study of the differences in ...

House, Robert Donald

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminosilicate clay minerals Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

clay Jorge Jerez a,b , Markus Flury a,b, , Jianying Shang b , Youjun... August 2005 Abstract The objective of this work was to coat ... Source: Flury, Markus - Department of...

224

The Swelling of Clays: Molecular Simulations of the Hydration of Montmorillonite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...IVB groups, respectively. To calculate the parental melt compositions, we assumed that the Re and Os abundances in...Clays are important in many applications, such as drug and agrochemical delivery, pu-rification and recycling of water streams...

S. Karaborni; B. Smit; W. Heidug; J. Urai; E. van Oort

1996-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

225

Coupling Effects during Steady-State Solute Diffusion through a Semipermeable Clay Membrane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two separate coupling effects are evaluated with respect to steady-state potassium chloride (KCl) diffusion through a bentonite-based geosynthetic clay liner (GCL) that behaves as a semipermeable membrane. Both of the coupling effects are correlated with ...

Michael A. Malusis; Charles D. Shackelford

2002-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

226

Application of the Modified Methylene Blue Test to Detect Clay Minerals in Coarse Aggregate Fines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

APPLICATION OF THE MODIFIED METHYLENE BLUE TEST TO DETECT CLAY MINERALS IN COARSE AGGREGATE FINES A Thesis by BRANDON THOMAS PITRE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...: Civil Engineering Copyright 2012 Brandon Thomas Pitre ii ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to implement a new, rapid field method to effectively and accurately detect harmful clay minerals in aggregate fines by using the modified...

Pitre, Brandon

2012-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

227

Enthalpy of adsorption and isotherms for adsorption of naphthenic acid onto clays  

SciTech Connect

The enthalpies of adsorption and the isotherms for adsorption of naphthenic acid onto Na-montmorillonite, Na-kaolinite, and Na-illite were studied by means of calorimetry and the static method at 298.15 K. The results show that the enthalpies of adsorption and saturated adsorption amounts of naphthenic acid on different clays change in the order Na-montmorillonite > Na-illite > Na-kaolinite. The interaction between naphthenic acid and clays is discussed.

Zou, L.; Han, B.; Yan, H. [Academia Sinica, Beijing (China). Inst. of Chemistry] [Academia Sinica, Beijing (China). Inst. of Chemistry; Kasperski, K.L.; Xu, Y. [CANMET, Devon, Alberta (Canada). Energy Mines and Resources] [CANMET, Devon, Alberta (Canada). Energy Mines and Resources; Hepler, L.G. [Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada). Dept. of Chemistry] [Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada). Dept. of Chemistry

1997-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

228

Field tests and new design procedure for laterally loaded drilled shafts in clay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FIELD TESTS AND NEW DESIGN PROCEDURE FOR LATERALLY LOADED DRILLED SHAFTS IN CLAY A Thesis by l1ARK WILLIAM BIERSCHWALE Submitted to ihe Graduate College Texas A8M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1980 Major Subject: Civil Engineering FIELD TESTS AND NEW DESIGN PROCEDURE FOR LATERALLY LOADED DRILLED SHAFTS IN CLAY A Thesis by NARK WILLIAM BIERSCHWALE Approved as to style and content by: Harry M. Coyle - Chairman...

Bierschwale, Mark W.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Smectite clay adsorbents of aflatoxin B1 to amend animal feed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SMECTITE CLAY ADSORBENTS OF AFLATOXIN B 1 TO AMEND ANIMAL FEED A Thesis by INES KANNEWISCHER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... Science SMECTITE CLAY ADSORBENTS OF AFLATOXIN B 1 TO AMEND ANIMAL FEED A Thesis by INES KANNEWISCHER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...

Kannewischer, Ines

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

230

Mild Hydrocracking of Synthetic Crude Gas Oil over Pt Supported on Pillared and Delaminated Clays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The modified acidity in PILC materials is conducive to catalyzing mild hydrocracking reactions. ... The differences in catalyst performance were attributed to the more open pore structure of the PILC material and possible aggregation of clay lamellas, which are both expected to enhance diffusion of multi-ring gas oil components. ... Pt-supported pillared clay (Pt/PILC) catalyst was prepared according to published procedures using Accofloc 350, a naturally occurring montmorillonite supplied by the American Colloid Company. ...

Hong Yang; Michael Wilson; Craig Fairbridge; Zbigniew Ring; Josephine M. Hill

2002-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

231

The Effect of Physico-Chemical Factors on the Stability and Transport of Clay Particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

i THE EFFECT OF PHYSICO-CHEMICAL FACTORS ON THE STABILITY AND TRANSPORT OF CLAY PARTICLES A Thesis by DARYA ALEXANDROVNA MUSHAROVA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... 2012 Darya Alexandrovna Musharova iii THE EFFECT OF PHYSICO-CHEMICAL FACTORS ON THE STABILITY AND TRANSPORT OF CLAY PARTICLES A Thesis by DARYA ALEXANDROVNA MUSHAROVA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A...

Musharova, Darya

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

232

Field versus laboratory characterization of clay deposits for use as in situ municipal landfill liners  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FIELD VERSUS LABORATORY CHARACTERIZATION OF CLAY DEPOSITS FOR USE AS IN SITU MUNICIPAL LANDFILL LINERS A Thesis by SHARON ELIZABETH WECHSLER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies Texas Aa? University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of . KASTER OF SCIENCE Nay 1990 Major Subject: Geology FIELD VERSUS LABORATORY CHARACTERIZATION OF CLAY DEPOSITS FOR USE AS IN SITU MUNICIPAL LANDFILL LINERS A Thesis by SHARON ELIZABETH WECHSLER Approved as to style...

Wechsler, Sharon Elizabeth

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

233

Hyper-aging Dynamics of Nano-clay Suspension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aqueous suspension of nanoclay Laponite undergoes structural evolution as a function of time, which enhances its elasticity and relaxation time. In this work we employ effective time approach to investigate long term relaxation dynamics by carrying out creep experiments. Typically we observe that the monotonic evolution of elastic modulus shifts to lower aging times while maxima in viscous modulus gets progressively broader for experiments carried out on a later date since preparation (idle time) of nanoclay suspension. Application of effective time theory produces superposition of all the creep curves irrespective of their initial state. The resulting dependence of relaxation time on aging time shows very strong hyper aging dynamics at small idle times, which progressively weakens to demonstrate linear dependence in the limit of very large idle times. Remarkably this behavior of nanoclay suspension is akin to that observed for polymeric glasses. Consideration of aging as a first order process suggests that continued hyper-aging dynamics causes cessation of aging. The dependence of relaxation time on aging time, therefore, must attenuate eventually producing linear or weaker dependence on time in order to approach progressively low energy state in the limit of very large times as observed experimentally. We also develop a simple scaling model based on a concept of aging of an energy well, which qualitatively captures various experimental observations very well leading to profound insight into the hyper-aging dynamics of nano-clay suspensions.

A. Shahin; Yogesh M Joshi

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

234

Hydroconversion reactions catalyzed by highly stable pillared clays  

SciTech Connect

Al-pillared clays (Al-PILC) and Al-X-PILC (X = Ga, Ni), structurally stable at high temperature - in the case of Ga above 800{degrees}C-have been synthesized by controlling intercalation steps and stabilization procedures. New bidimensional materials with an interlaminar distance about 10-12{angstrom} and with different chemical reactivities in the pillars have thus been produced. The analytical techniques employed to characterize the materials and the processes involved during stabilization include N{sub 2} adsorption, AA, XRD, NH{sub 3}-TPD, TGA-DTA, HR- and MAS-NMR (Al, Si, and Ga) and in-situ IR and DRIFTS. Chemical characterization using high pressure reactions with probe molecules such as diphenylmethane and tert-butylbenzene shows selectivity patterns than can be clearly associated with the microstructure of the PILC used, as well as an effect due to the composition of the pillars. Similar studies with zeolites give patterns that differ from those of PILC, probably because of the change in dimensionality of the internal structure. Poisoning studies with metal porphyrins prove that PLIC have improved resistance compared to standard catalysts. Hydrotreatment of Maya crude results a significant reduction in total sulfur under conditions suitable for commercial operation.

Gomez, S.A.; Mosqueira, L.; Espinosa, J.; Fuentes, G.A. [Universidad A. Metropolitana-Iztapalapa (Mexico)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

235

Three-dimensional fracture and fragmentation of artificial kidney stones This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three-dimensional fracture and fragmentation of artificial kidney stones This article has been IOPscience #12;Three-dimensional fracture and fragmentation of artificial kidney stones Alejandro Mota1 Laboratory Livermore, CA 94550, USA July 25, 2006 Abstract The brittle fracture of a gypsum cylinder, which

Ortiz, Michael

236

In Situ and Frontal Polymerization for the Consolidation of Porous Stones:? A Unilateral NMR and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To achieve a deeper penetration of the polymeric consolidating agents, we have carefully studied two consolidation procedures using polymeric materials introduced into the stones by in situ and frontal polymerization, respectively. ... Unilateral NMR has been previously used as a diagnostic tool for studying early degradation in cellulose-based materials22,23 and detachment of the pictorial film from the plaster in frescos. ... The kinetics of the capillary rise phenomenon was studied for various building materials: 4 stones, 2 bricks, and 6 plasters. ...

Noemi Proietti; Donatella Capitani; Sara Cozzolino; Massimiliano Valentini; Enrico Pedemonte; Elisabetta Princi; Silvia Vicini; Anna Laura Segre

2006-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

237

Research on pollution prevention and control technologies in the industry of vanadium extraction from stone coal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The technology of pollution prevention and control in the industry of vanadium extraction from stone coal acts as a key factor in deciding whether the vanadium can be extracted from stone coal effectively. This paper focuses on analysing related pollutants, including their features, and major problems existing in field of vanadium extraction, as well as investigating the technology used to prevent and control the pollutants in wastewater, gas and slag. In accordance with the current efforts of pollution prevention, it can be concluded that this industry must reduce its resources, energy consumption and pollutant discharge strength, enhance pollution prevention, guarantee ecology safety and human health so that improvement in production capacity, craft and pollution abatement technique can be promoted. Therefore, concrete proposals and expectations on technological control are offered, including building up a real-time monitoring system and a decision support system. This study can help the research and development staff to understand technologies related to reducing the environmental pollution clearly and to achieve sustainable development simultaneously.

Jia Li; Yimin Zhang; Tao Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Building Stones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

known as “burnt gypsum” or “plaster of Paris. ” When mixedsolid material. Such “gypsum plaster” was produced from lateand painted. Gypsum plaster was also sometimes employed as a

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Building Stones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ancient Egyptian limestone quarries: A petrological survey.pp. 195 - 212. 2001 Ancient quarries near Amarna. Egyptian36 - 38. 2010 An early Roman quarry for anhydrite and gypsum

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Ornamental Stones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

e), which have no known quarries. Photograph (a) courtesy ofRoman Period. Sources: four quarries in the Nile Valley, onPeriods. Sources: nine quarries in the Eastern Desert and

Harrell, James A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food stone clay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Iodine content of food groups  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The iodine content of several kinds of foods representing different product groups available on the Swiss market was analyzed by isotope dilution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry using the enriched long-lived nuclide 129I. Considerable variations in levels of iodine between single foodstuffs within food groups were found, which also applied for levels in different food groups. The contribution of the food groups to the average daily iodine intake for the Swiss population was estimated from recent food consumption data. Bread and milk were identified as significant sources of iodine in the Swiss diet as they contributed 58 and 29 ?g/day, respectively. The estimated contribution of all basic food groups to the per capita intake of iodine was approximately 140 ?g/day, which was somewhat below the amount recognized for adequate nutrition (150 ?g/day). In view of the additional consumption of iodized kitchen salt, an average of 140 ?g/day underestimates the actual iodine intake.

M. Haldimann; A. Alt; A. Blanc; K. Blondeau

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Commercial Kitchen & Food Service Equipment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residential Commercial Commercial Industrial Lighting Energy Smart Grocer Program HVAC Program Shell Measures Commercial Kitchen & Food Service Equipment Plug Load New...

243

Action Plan Food Science and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agroquímica y Tecnolo- gía de Alimentos (Institute of Agrochemicals and Food Technology) in Valencia. During

Fitze, Patrick

244

Formation of hydrocarbons from acid-Clay suspensions by gamma irradiation  

SciTech Connect

The adsorption of certain organic compounds by clays gives rise to the transformation of the adsorbate through the action of the clays. This phenomenon can be enhanced using ionizing radiation. In this context, these kinds of reactions play an important role in many natural and industrial processes. For example, in oil and gas exploration, the source and trap of petroleum hydrocarbons is frequently clay-rich rocks. Clay-water-based muds are also seen as environmentally friendly alternatives to toxic oil-based fluids. The principal processes that occur in sediments are usually held to be of bacterial action and thermal transformation, which may include thermally induced catalytic alteration of the organic debris. On the other hand, radioactive materials are widely distributed throughout Earth. They were more abundant in the past, but are present in petroleum reservoirs. Their presence induced radioactive bombardment, which may have altered these sediments. This important subject has not been extensively studied. The aim of this work is to study the behavior of fatty acids-like behenic acid-and dicarboxylic acids-like fumaric acid-as model compounds, which are adsorbed in a clay mineral (Na-montmorillonite) and exposed to gamma radiation. The results show that the radiation-induced decomposition of the clay-acid system goes along a definitive path (oxidation), rather than following several modes of simultaneous decomposition, as happens in radiolysis without clay or by heating the system. The main radiolytic products for fatty acids are their corresponding hydrocarbons, with one C-atom less than the original acid.

Cruz-Castaneda, J.; Negron-Mendoza, A.; Ramos-Bernal, S. [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, UNAM. Cd. Universitaria, A. P. 70-543, 04510 Mexico (Mexico)

2013-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

245

Estimated duration of the subsurface reduction environment produced by the salt-stone disposal facility on the Savannah River Site  

SciTech Connect

The formula for Savannah River Site (SRS) salt-stone includes {approx}25 wt% slag to create a reducing environment for mitigating the subsurface transport of several radionuclides, including Tc-99. Based on laboratory measurements and two-dimensional reactive transport calculations, it was estimated that the SRS salt-stone waste form will maintain a reducing environment, and therefore its ability to sequester Tc-99, for well over 10,000 years. For example, it was calculated that {approx}16% of the salt-stone reduction capacity would be consumed after 213,000 years. For purposes of comparison, a second calculation was presented that was based on entirely different assumptions (direct spectroscopic measurements and diffusion calculations). The results from this latter calculation were near identical to those from this study. Obtaining similar conclusions by two extremely different calculations and sets of assumptions provides additional credence to the conclusion that the salt-stone will likely maintain a reducing environment in excess of 10,000 years. (authors)

Kaplan, D.I.; Hang, T. [Savannah River National Laboratory, Carolina (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Microfluidics for block polymer shells (DMR 0819860) SEED :H.A. Stone, R.A. Register and Janine Nunes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microfluidics for block polymer shells (DMR 0819860) SEED :H.A. Stone, R.A. Register and Janine. We utilized microfluidic methods to investigate the role of geometric structures, e.g. thin spherical, microfluidic devices with two consecutive flow-focusing junctions were used to generate air bubble

Petta, Jason

247

Surface Area and Microporosity of a Pillared Interlayered Clay (PILC) from a Hybrid Density Functional Theory (DFT) Method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Surface Area and Microporosity of a Pillared Interlayered Clay (PILC) from a Hybrid Density Functional Theory (DFT) Method ... Using these models and the experimental isotherm data, the integral equation of adsorption was inverted by a regularization method to yield the micropore and mesopore size distribution of a pillared interlayered clay (PILC). ... In this paper we show how such a deconvolution method can be used for estimating the pore size distribution of a pillared interlayered clay (PILC). ...

James P. Olivier; Mario L. Occelli

2000-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

248

Food, Nutrition and Health 300 Food Process Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conduction, convection, radiation and latent heat. 3. Technology of thermal processing of foods. 4. Evaluation of thermal properties of food and packaging materials. 4. Calculation of sterilization, pasteurization and low temperature preservation. . Prerequisite PHYS 101 or 121. [3-0-1]. The overall objectives

Farrell, Anthony P.

249

Food and Feed Safety and Quality "Food&Feed"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on human health · Feed preservation and impact on the hygienic quality, both microbial and chemical of chemicals, especially endocrine disruptors · Veterinary drugs in food producing animals, residues in foodD work, by offering · a scientific platform ­ training in scientific presentations and discussions

250

City of Big Stone City, South Dakota (Utility Company) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dakota (Utility Company) Dakota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of Big Stone City Place South Dakota Utility Id 1698 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Class I Controlled Commercial Commercial Class I Controlled, All Electric Businesses Commercial Commercial Class II Controlled Commercial Commercial Class II Regular Commercial Commercial Class II, All Electric Businesses Commercial Commerical Class I Regular Commercial Industrial Industrial

251

Injury experience in nonmetallic mineral mining (except stone and coal), 1989  

SciTech Connect

This Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) informational report reviews in detail the occupational injury and illness experience of nonmetallic mineral mining (except stone and coal) in the United States for 1989. Data reported by operators of mining establishments concerning work injuries are summarized by work location, accident classification, part of body injured, nature of injury, occupation, and principal type of mineral. Related information on employment, worktime, and operating activity also is presented. Data reported by independent contractors performing certain work at mining locations are depicted separately in this report. For ease of comparison with other metal and nonmetallic mineral mining industries and with coal mining, summary reference tabulations are included at the end of both the operator and the contractor sections of this report. 3 figs., 46 tabs.

Not Available

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Rosetta stone method for detecting protein function and protein-protein interactions from genome sequences  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A computational method system, and computer program are provided for inferring functional links from genome sequences. One method is based on the observation that some pairs of proteins A' and B' have homologs in another organism fused into a single protein chain AB. A trans-genome comparison of sequences can reveal these AB sequences, which are Rosetta Stone sequences because they decipher an interaction between A' and B. Another method compares the genomic sequence of two or more organisms to create a phylogenetic profile for each protein indicating its presence or absence across all the genomes. The profile provides information regarding functional links between different families of proteins. In yet another method a combination of the above two methods is used to predict functional links.

Eisenberg, David (Los Angeles, CA); Marcotte, Edward M. (Los Angeles, CA); Pellegrini, Matteo (Sherman Oaks, CA); Thompson, Michael J. (Santa Monica, CA); Yeates, Todd O. (Agoura Hills, CA)

2002-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

253

Effects of Stone-Wales and vacancy defects in atomic-scale friction on defective graphite  

SciTech Connect

Graphite is an excellent solid lubricant for surface coating, but its performance is significantly weakened by the vacancy or Stone-Wales (SW) defect. This study uses molecular dynamics simulations to explore the frictional behavior of a diamond tip sliding over a graphite which contains a single defect or stacked defects. Our results suggest that the friction on defective graphite shows a strong dependence on defect location and type. The 5-7-7-5 structure of SW defect results in an effectively negative slope of friction. For defective graphite containing a defect in the surface, adding a single vacancy in the interior layer will decrease the friction coefficients, while setting a SW defect in the interior layer may increase the friction coefficients. Our obtained results may provide useful information for understanding the atomic-scale friction properties of defective graphite.

Sun, Xiao-Yu [Department of Engineering Mechanics, School of Civil Engineering, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China); Key Laboratory of Hubei Province for Water Jet Theory and New Technology, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China); Wu, RunNi; Xia, Re [Key Laboratory of Hubei Province for Water Jet Theory and New Technology, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China); Chu, Xi-Hua; Xu, Yuan-Jie, E-mail: yj-xu@whu.edu.cn [Department of Engineering Mechanics, School of Civil Engineering, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China)

2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

254

Supplemental Immobilization Cast Stone Technology Development and Waste Form Qualification Testing Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) is being constructed to treat the 56 million gallons of radioactive waste stored in 177 underground tanks at the Hanford Site. The WTP includes a pretreatment facility to separate the wastes into high-level waste (HLW) and low-activity waste (LAW) fractions for vitrification and disposal. The LAW will be converted to glass for final disposal at the Integrated Disposal Facility (IDF). The pretreatment facility will have the capacity to separate all of the tank wastes into the HLW and LAW fractions, and the HLW Vitrification Facility will have the capacity to vitrify all of the HLW. However, a second immobilization facility will be needed for the expected volume of LAW requiring immobilization. A number of alternatives, including Cast Stone—a cementitious waste form—are being considered to provide the additional LAW immobilization capacity.

Westsik, Joseph H.; Serne, R. Jeffrey; Pierce, Eric M.; Cozzi, Alex; Chung, Chul-Woo; Swanberg, David J.

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

255

#WomenInSTEM: Stepping Stones From One Career to Another  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Meet Cheryl Martin, Acting Director of the Advanced Research Projects Agency for Energy (ARPA-E) and the latest profile in the Energy Department's #WomenInSTEM video series. Cheryl looks at transformational projects to explore the uncharted territories of energy technology to generate options for entirely new paths to create, store and use energy. There are many challenges to overcome in the energy field, and it's important to have a diverse set of voices in STEM careers to meet these demands. Cheryl recommends that young women include all the skills they have - those gained at formal jobs as well as through volunteering or nonprofit organizations - when they take their next career step. These skills form the stepping stones that lead from one career to the next. And with a solid grounding in STEM, the opportunities are endless.

Martin, Cheryl

2014-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

256

CONCEPTUALIZING “HYBRID” FOOD NETWORKS: ENGAGING CONVENTIONAL FOOD SYSTEM INFRASTRUCTURE TO BUILD LOCAL FOOD SYSTEMS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Many alternative food movements have been built around the mantra of “cutting out the middleman.” Direct relationships between producers and consumers counter the faceless anonymity… (more)

Bloom, J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Reduction And Immobilization Of Hexavalent Chromium By Microbially Reduced Fe-bearing Clay Minerals  

SciTech Connect

Hexavalent chromium (Cr6+) is a major contaminant in the environment. As a redox-sensitive element, the fate and toxicity of chromium is controlled by reduction-oxidation (redox) reactions. Previous research has shown the ability of structural Fe(II) in naturally present and chemically reduced clay minerals to reduce Cr6+ to Cr(III) as a way of immobilization and detoxification. However, it is still poorly known whether or not structural Fe(II) in biologically reduced clay minerals exhibits a similar reactivity and if so, what the kinetics and mechanisms of Cr6+ reduction are. The objective of this study was to determine the kinetics and possible mechanisms of Cr6+ reduction by structural Fe(II) in microbially reduced clay minerals and the nature of reduced Cr(III). Structural Fe(III) in nontronite (NAu-2), montmorillonite (SWy-2), chlorite (CCa-2), and clay-rich sediments from the Ringold Formation of the Hanford site of Washington State, USA was first bioreduced to Fe(II) by an iron-reducing bacterium Geobacter sulfurreducens with acetate as the sole electron donor and anthraquinone-2,6-disulfate (AQDS) as electron shuttle in synthetic groundwater (pH 7). Biogenic Fe(II) was then used to reduce aqueous Cr6+ at three different temperatures, 10°, 20°, and 30°C, in order to determine the temperature dependence of the redox reaction between Cr6+ and clay-Fe(II). The results showed that nontronite and montmorillonite were most effective in reducing aqueous Cr6+ at all three temperatures. In contrast, most Fe(II) in chlorite was not reactive towards Cr6+ reduction at 10°C, though at 30°C there was some reduction. For all the clay minerals, the ratio of total Fe(II) oxidized to Cr6+ reduced was close to the expected stoichiometric value of 3. Characterization of the Cr-clay reaction product with scanning electron microscopy with focused ion beam and transmission electron microscopy with electron energy loss spectroscopy revealed that reduced chromium was possibly in the form of sub-nanometer Cr2O3 in association with residual clay minerals as micro-aggregates. This textural association was expected to minimize the chance of Cr(III) reoxidation upon exposure to oxidants. These results are important for our understanding of how various clay minerals may be used to reductively immobilize the heavy metal contaminant Cr in the environment.

Bishop, Michael E.; Glasser, Paul; Dong, Hailiang; Arey, Bruce W.; Kovarik, Libor

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

258

Polymer/clay aerogel composites with flame retardant agents: Mechanical, thermal and fire behavior  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Aerogel is a class of material characterized by its high void content and extreme lightness. Different polymer/clay aerogels have been prepared by a simply freeze–thaw process from a suspension with poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVOH) and clay (Na+-MMT). Low density polymer/clay aerogels modified with flame retardant agents were prepared using a similar approach. The addition of flame retardant agents slightly increased the apparent density of the final composites whereas the compression properties were reduced due to the decrease in the polymer/clay interfacial bonding. An exception was the sample containing Al(OH)3 that exhibited higher modulus and stress at maximum deformation. Regarding thermal properties, the presence of ammonium polyphosphate (APP) or silica gel (SG) significantly slowed the rate of aerogel decomposition at the temperature range from 250 °C to 500 °C while the onset of polymer decomposition was not affected. Fire behavior was analyzed through cone calorimeter suggesting that either the presence of Al(OH)3 or APP reduced the heat release rate of PVOH/clay systems.

Liang Wang; Miguel Sánchez-Soto; Maria Lluisa Maspoch

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Fresh Food Online Supermarket Development Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The preservation of fresh food is difficult, so the problems of food safety and the waste of it are very serious. The development of Fresh food online supermarkets will contribute to solve the problem. On the basis of describing the concept, scope and ... Keywords: Cold Chain Logistics, Food Safety, Fresh Food, Internet, Online Supermarket, SWOT

Xie Xiang, Liu Jiashi, Guan Zhongliang, Ke Xinsheng

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

FOOD SECURITY: WAYS FORWARD THROUGH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FOOD SECURITY: WAYS FORWARD THROUGH COOPERATIVE PRODUCTION AND MARKETING1 "Given the chance, poor. The Sustainable Community Connections project, coordinated by AWISH-HELLAS, seeks to address food security issues) olive oil-related products, with targeting of markets in the European Union (EU) and United States (US

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food stone clay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Purdue extension Food Entrepreneurship Series  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pesticides and fertilizers, including sewage sludge, and with- out adding synthetic ingredients. Foods cannot agent in the state of Indiana. Certifica- tion applications for farmers, livestock producers, and food agricultural products do not need to be certified. However, land The sample cereal boxes above illustrate

262

Food Newsletter Summary November 2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Food Newsletter Summary November 2013 Scottish Government Scotch Beef back on the US menu Seal Bennett. LiveWell for Life Paving the way for sustainable consumption Between July and October of food consumption be in 2050? ­ a discussion paper about what we eat in the future In September 2013

Siddharthan, Advaith

263

Are the World Food Programme’s food consumption groups a good proxy for energy deficiency?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Food Consumption Score (FCS) is the World Food Programme’s main food access indicator, ... as having poor, borderline or acceptable food consumption. The ability of the FCS and its thresholds to classify hous...

Margarita Lovon; Astrid Mathiassen

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Statement by Deputy Secretary of Energy Clay Sell on NRG's License  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

by Deputy Secretary of Energy Clay Sell on NRG's by Deputy Secretary of Energy Clay Sell on NRG's License Application Statement by Deputy Secretary of Energy Clay Sell on NRG's License Application September 25, 2007 - 2:49pm Addthis "Today marks the most significant and tangible step to date, towards the construction of the first new nuclear power plant in the United States in over 30 years. DOE is confident that with NRG's reactor design selection and cooperation with their partners, General Electric and Toshiba, this project will likely result in the first of many new reactors being constructed and operated in the U.S. This reactor would join an American nuclear industry that is safe, secure and has a strong record to prove it. We look forward to the continued cooperation with industrial partners and

265

K-Ar Dates Of Hydrothermal Clays From Core Hole Vc-2B, Valles Caldera, New  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » K-Ar Dates Of Hydrothermal Clays From Core Hole Vc-2B, Valles Caldera, New Mexico And Their Relation To Alteration In A Large Hydrothermal System Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: K-Ar Dates Of Hydrothermal Clays From Core Hole Vc-2B, Valles Caldera, New Mexico And Their Relation To Alteration In A Large Hydrothermal System Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Seventeen K/Ar dates were obtained on illitic clays within Valles caldera (1.13 Ma) to investigate the impact of hydrothermal alteration on Quaternary to Precambrian intracaldera and pre-caldera rocks in a large,

266

Hydration of Clays at the Molecular Scale: The Promising Perspective of Classical Density Functional Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report here how the hydration of complex surfaces can be efficiently studied thanks to recent advances in classical molecular density functional theory. This is illustrated on the example of the pyrophylite clay. After presenting the most recent advances, we show that the strength of this implicit method is that (i) it is in quantitative or semi-quantitative agreement with reference all-atoms simulations (molecular dynamics here) for both the solvation structure and energetics, and that (ii) the computational cost is two to three orders of magnitude less than in explicit methods. The method remains imperfect, in that it locally overestimates the polarization of water close to hydrophylic sites of the clay. The high numerical efficiency of the method is illustrated and exploited to carry a systematic study of the electrostatic and van der Waals components of the surface-solvant interactions within the most popular force field for clays, CLAYFF. Hydration structure and energetics are found to weakly depend u...

Jeanmairet, Guillaume; Levesque, Maximilien; Rotenberg, Benjamin; Borgis, Daniel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Mixed Waste Management Facility (MWMF) closure, Savannah River Plant: Clay cap test section construction report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the information gathered in constructing the clay cap test section. The purpose of the test section was to determine compaction characteristics of four representative kaolin clays and demonstrate in-situ permeability for these clays of 1 {times} 10 {sup {minus}7} cm/sec or less. The final technical specifications with regard to maximum clod size, acceptable ranges of placement water content, lift thickness, and degree of compaction will be based on experience gained from the test section. The data derived from this study will also be used in the development of Quality Assurance (QA) and Quality Control (QC) methods to be used during actual cap construction of the Mixed Waste Management Facility (MWMF) Closure project. 7 tabs.

Not Available

1988-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

268

Synthesis and Characterization of the Microporosity of Ion-Exchanged Al2O3-Pillared Clays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although most PILC studies have focused on their use for catalytic application, there has also been other work in which PILCs have been studied as potential sorbents for gas separation applications. ... We have chosen Al2O3-pillared clay for this study because of the small pore size and interlayer spacing of this material compared with other types of pillared clays (e.g., TiO2-PILC, SiO2-PILC).1 ... The samples and analytical results are identified by the following convention:? the sample Li+?PILC represents Al2O3-pillared clay which has undergone postsynthesis ion exchange with the Li+ cation (in a solution of LiCl as described earlier). ...

Nick D. Hutson; Donald J. Gualdoni; Ralph T. Yang

1998-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

269

Report on THMC Modeling of the Near Field Evolution of a Generic Clay  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

on THMC Modeling of the Near Field Evolution of a Generic on THMC Modeling of the Near Field Evolution of a Generic Clay Repository: Model Validation and Demonstration Rev 2 Report on THMC Modeling of the Near Field Evolution of a Generic Clay Repository: Model Validation and Demonstration Rev 2 Shale and clay-rich rock formations have been considered as potential host rocks for geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste throughout the world. Coupled thermal, hydrological, mechanical, and chemical (THMC) processes have a significant impact on the long-term safety of a repository in this type of rocks. The validity of the two-part Hooke's model (TPHM), a new constitutive relationship, and associated formulations regarding rock hydraulic/mechanical properties is demonstrated by the consistency between observations from a mine-by test at the Mont Terri site

270

University of Oklahoma Food Services Policy on Food I. Purpose of policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of Oklahoma Food Services Policy on Food Allergies I. Purpose of policy The purpose offered to students with food allergies through the Department of Housing and Food Services.1 II. To Whom Services; and (2) Food Service employees. III. Policy Definitions Food Allergens ­ Substances that can

Oklahoma, University of

271

Field Performance of A Compacted Clay Landfill Final cover At A Humid Site  

SciTech Connect

A study was conducted in southern Georgia, USA to evaluate how the hydraulic properties of the compacted clay barrier layer in a landfill final cover changed over a 4-yr service life. The cover was part of a test section constructed in a large drainage lysimeter that allowed CE Database subject headings: landfill, hydrogeology, compacted soils, lysimeters, desiccation continuous monitoring of the water balance. Patterns in the drainage (i.e., flow from the bottom of the cover) record suggest that preferential flow paths developed in the clay barrier soon after construction, apparently in response to desiccation cracking. After four years, the clay barrier was excavated and examined for changes in soil structure and hydraulic conductivity. Tests were conducted in situ with a sealed double-ring infiltrometer and two-stage borehole permeameters and in the laboratory on hand-carved blocks taken during construction and after four years of service. The in situ and laboratory tests indicated that the hydraulic conductivity increased approximately three orders of magnitude (from ? 10-7 to ? 10-4 cm s-1) during the service life. A dye tracer test and soil structure analysis showed that extensive cracking and root development occurred throughout the entire depth of the barrier layer. Laboratory tests on undisturbed specimens of the clay barrier indicated that the hydraulic conductivity of damaged clay barriers can be under-estimated significantly if small specimens (e.g., tube samples) are used for hydraulic conductivity assessment. The findings also indicate that clay barriers must be protected from desiccation and root intrusion if they are expected to function as intended, even at sites in warm, humid locations.

Albright, William H.; Benson, Craig H.; Gee, Glendon W.; Abichou, Tarek; Mcdonald, Eric V.; Tyler, Scott W.; Rock, Steven

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Dynamics of confined reactive water in smectite clay-zeolite composites  

SciTech Connect

The dynamics of water confined to mesoporous regions in minerals such as swelling clays and zeolites is fundamental to a wide range of resource management issues impacting many processes on a global scale, including radioactive waste containment, desalination, and enhanced oil recovery. Large-scale atomic models of freely diffusing multilayer smectite particles at low hydration confined in a silicalite cage are used to investigate water dynamics in the composite environment with the ReaxFF reactive force field over a temperature range of 300 647 K. The reactive capability of the force field enabled a range of relevant surface chemistry to emerge, including acid/base equilibria in the interlayer calcium hydrates and silanol formation on the edges of the clay and inner surface of the zeolite housing. After annealing, the resulting clay models exhibit both mono- and bilayer hydration structures. Clay surface hydration redistributed markedly and yielded to silicalite water loading. We find that the absolute rates and temperature dependence of water dynamics compare well to neutron scattering data and pulse field gradient measures from relevant samples of Ca-montmorillonite and silicalite, respectively. Within an atomistic, reactive context, our results distinguish water dynamics in the interlayer Ca(OH)2 nH2O environment from water flowing over the clay surface, and from water diffusing within silicalite. We find that the diffusion of water when complexed to Ca hydrates is considerably slower than freely diffusing water over the clay surface, and the reduced mobility is well described by a difference in the Arrhenius pre-exponential factor rather than a change in activation energy.

Pitman, Michael C. [IBM Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, NY; Van Duin, Adri C. T. [Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Dynamics of confined reactive water in Smectic clay-zeolite composites.  

SciTech Connect

The dynamics of water confined to mesoporous regions in minerals such as swelling clays and zeolites is fundamental to a wide range of resource management issues impacting many processes on a global scale, including radioactive waste containment, desalination, and enhanced oil recovery. Large-scale atomic models of freely diffusing multilayer smectite particles at low hydration confined in a silicalite cage are used to investigate water dynamics in the composite environment with the ReaxFF reactive force field over a temperature range of 300 647 K. The reactive capability of the force field enabled a range of relevant surface chemistry to emerge, including acid/base equilibria in the interlayer calcium hydrates and silanol formation on the edges of the clay and inner surface of the zeolite housing. After annealing, the resulting clay models exhibit both mono- and bilayer hydration structures. Clay surface hydration redistributed markedly and yielded to silicalite water loading. We find that the absolute rates and temperature dependence of water dynamics compare well to neutron scattering data and pulse field gradient measures from relevant samples of Ca-montmorillonite and silicalite, respectively. Within an atomistic, reactive context, our results distinguish water dynamics in the interlayer Ca(OH)2 nH2O environment from water flowing over the clay surface, and from water diffusing within silicalite. We find that the diffusion of water when complexed to Ca hydrates is considerably slower than freely diffusing water over the clay surface, and the reduced mobility is well described by a difference in the Arrhenius pre-exponential factor rather than a change in activation energy.

Pitman, Michael C. [IBM Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, NY; Van Duin, Adri C. T. [Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Potential Carcinogenicity of Food Additives and Contaminants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Carcinogenicity of Food Additives and Contaminants 1...RESEARCH VOL.35 Food Additives and Contaminants argument...substance that caused removal of the cranberries...consideration was given to the removal of Tween 60 as a food additive. The compound has...

Philippe Shubik

1975-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Structural, textural and catalytic properties of Al-, Ti-pillared clays  

SciTech Connect

Al-, Ti- and Zr-pillared clays were characterized and NiMo/Pilc`s were tested in HDS reactions. The combination of activity measurements with Moessbauer Spectroscopy and x-ray microanalysis at microscopical scale give insight in the metal phases migration during pillaring, reaction and regeneration steps. {Alpha}-Fe phase in free Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} islands predominate together with structural Fe{sup 3+} phase, but during the catalytic reaction Fe{sup 2+} forms. Delamination of the Ti- and Zr-Clay supports, together with high Lewis acidity might enhance their catalytic properties.

Ramos-Galvan, C.E.; Dominguez, J.M.; Sandoval-Robles, G.; Castillo-Mares, A.; Nava E, N.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

276

Salinity: effect on germination of native plants and leaching in clay soil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

study consisted of 2 main parts: (1) the effect of different salinity levels on the germination of various grasses and forbs; and (2) determining if salts present in saline clay soil can be leached to a level permitting easier establishment of salt... the style of the Journal of Ran e Mana ement. the feasibility of reducing salt in saline clay soil by leaching. The objectives of the study were: (1) to measure the germination of various grasses and forbs under different salinity levels; (2...

Neighbors, James Olen

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

277

How clay grain coats inhibit quartz cement and preserve porosity in deeply buried sandstones: Observations and experiments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Clay-Removal Methods The HCl-H2O2-dispersant clay-removal method effectively cleaned...sequential sonication in HCl, H2O2, a dispersant, and alcohol. (A) The shallowest...sands without it. Interpretation of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and sonic...

Joanna M. Ajdukiewicz; Richard E. Larese

278

Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food Drive Provides 640 Turkeys to People in Need Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food Drive...

279

A Primer on Food Additives.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of their workers. The readers' loud reactions became a pow erful, moving force that helped persuade Con gress to pass the Pure Food and Drugs Act of 1906 as well as the Meat Inspection Act of the same year. The First Food Revolution Before the Civil War.... Factory conditions began to improve. Now that there was a law, complete with inspections and penalties for convicted transgressors, the food additive situation began to change, as did attitudes toward sanitation. The 1906 law de fined as adulterated...

Anonymous,

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Formation of Replicating Saponite from a Gel in the Presence of Oxalate: Implications for the Formation of Clay Minerals in Carbonaceous Chondrites and the Origin of Life  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The potential role of clay minerals in the abiotic origin of life has been the subject of ongoing debate for the past several decades. At issue are the clay minerals found in a class of meteorites known as carbonaceous ...

Schumann, Dirk

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food stone clay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

PII S0016-7037(98)00136-7 The kinetics of mixed Ni-Al hydroxide formation on clay and aluminum oxide minerals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PII S0016-7037(98)00136-7 The kinetics of mixed Ni-Al hydroxide formation on clay and aluminum. This finding indicates that the dissolution of clay and aluminum oxide minerals can be promoted by metal ions

Sparks, Donald L.

282

(Data in thousand metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2004, clay and shale production was reported in 41 States. About 240  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

million tons. The 49 million tons probably includes crude clay production tonnages which contain E Recycling: Insignificant. Import Sources (2000-03): Brazil, 68%; Mexico, 9%; United Kingdom, 8 probably includes crude clay production which contains significant water content. Compensating

283

Reducing Food Safety Risks in Community Gardens  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,000 hospitalizations and 3,000 associated deaths occur annually. Contamination of gardens may not only come from biological contaminants (foodborne pathogens) but can also include physical contaminants, (metal, stones, or glass) and chemical contaminants (runoff from parking lots or pesticide drift). Implementation of GAPs

Liskiewicz, Maciej

284

Developing sustainable food supply chains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...unavailable, and oil palm estate and cooperative schemes...value from (more) sustainable production, especially...being developed by the Sustainable Agriculture Initiative...achieve separately (Sustainable Food Laboratory 2005...businesses focus on making a real difference and often...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

POTLUCK FOOD SAFETY 1. Definition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an oven or microwave. If an oven or microwave is not available, the dish should be placed in an insulated chaffing dishes, ice pans, holding cabinets or ice chests. The food coordinator should monitor

286

SUSTAINABILITY AND FOOD Anthropology Professors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SUSTAINABILITY AND FOOD Anthropology Professors Maribel Alvarez Diane Austin Mamadou Baro Tim. Potential Helpful Minors Environmental Studies Environmental Sciences Nutritional Science Sustainable Built Environments Sustainable Plant Systems Potential Employers Documentary Films Government Jobs

Holliday, Vance T.

287

Trees, soils, and food security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1996). Such progress could improve household welfare by providing traditional food...Gelder, A. 1995 Development research and energy planning in Kenya. Ambio 14, 228236...mposium Series 1, pp. 108119. Tsukuba, Japan: JIRCAS. Sanchez P. A., Izac, A...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Food security and sustainable intensification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...should be produced using sustainable intensification (SI...nutrition. food security|sustainable intensification|biodiversity...diets are deficient in energy, about the same number suffer the diseases of energy surplus, whereas...more environmentally sustainable methods of farming...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Emergency Food and Water Supplies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E-11 5-99 Emergency Food and Water Supplies Peggy Van Laanen* Cleaning and Sanitizing Equipment After Any Disaster Emergency Food Preparation Equipment Needs Assembling an Emergency... sealed, airtight metal lids, are safe to use after being thoroughly cleaned and sanitized. All cans, free of rust or dents, must be washed and sanitized before they are opened. Wash containers in a detergent solution using a scrub brush. Rinse...

Van Laanen, Peggy

1999-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

290

An internship in food services  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(see Appendix A). The Director of Food Services, Mr. Lloyd Smith, makes most decisions, particularly those dealing with expansion and administrative staffing. Anything new or innovative goes across the Director's desk for approval. Because... experience. The skills learned are skills that are transferrable to many industries. Anyone interested in the hospitality industry or sales would definitely benefit from an internship in the Department of Food Services at Texas A&M University. ANALYSIS...

Smith, Bradley J.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

The application of a neural network to map clay zones in crystalline rock  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......order to be able to plan effective stimulation...clay-bearing zones based on standard geophysical data...After a rough review of the available...been logged by the standard logs, that is...incorporates the standard gamma ray (SGR...thorium (Th) and uranium (U) logs. The......

Carola Meller; Albert Genter; Thomas Kohl

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Layer-by-Layer Assembly of Clay-filled Polymer Nanocomposite Thin Films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A variety of functional thin films can be produced using the layer-by-layer assembly technique. In this work, assemblies of anionic clay and cationic polymer were studied with regard to film growth and gas barrier properties. A simple, yet flexible...

Jang, Woo-Sik

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

293

Validation of Coupled Simulation of Excavations in Saturated Clay: Camboinhas Case History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Validation of Coupled Simulation of Excavations in Saturated Clay: Camboinhas Case History)GM .1943-5622.0000077. © 2011 American Society of Civil Engineers. CE Database subject headings: Excavation history. Introduction Excavations in soft soils are becoming more common to construct underground

Zornberg, Jorge G.

294

Pillared clays as superior catalysts for selective catalytic reduction of nitric oxide with ammonia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A series of innovative Ce–Mn/Ti-pillared-clay (Ce–Mn/Ti-PILC) catalysts combining the advantages of PILCs and Ce–Mn were investigated for elemental mercury (Hg0) capture at 100–350 °C in the absence of HCl in the flue gas. ...

R. T. Yang; J. P. Chen; E. S. Kikkinides; L. S. Cheng; J. E. Cichanowicz

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Spectral induced polarization of partially saturated clay-rocks: a mechanistic approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Agency for Radioactive Waste Management (ANDRA...Evaluation of transport and storage properties in the soils...2006. Clays and nuclear waste management, in Handbook...implications for monitoring long-term barrier performance...context of radioactive waste disposal, Int. J......

D. Jougnot; A. Ghorbani; A. Revil; P. Leroy; P. Cosenza

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Engineering Geology 54 (1999) 159165 Mechanical interaction between swelling compacted clay and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a a EnvirosQuantiSci Ltd., 45 Station Road, Henley-On-Thames RG9 1AT, UK b University of Bath, Bath, UK. We show that such mass loss is limited as a mechanism for leaching away the emplaced barrier, yet may Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Clay barrier; Colloids; Fractured rock; Leaching

Peletier, Mark

297

Evaluating the Effects of Environmentally Acceptable Clay Stabilizer on Bandera Sandstone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

it possible for large areas of the formation to be effectively treated. 3.2.1.1 BENTONITE Bentonite is impure clay consisting mainly of montmorillonite. It is an absorbent aluminum phyllosilicate (Casás, L. M., M. Pozo, et al. 2013). Bentonite...

Emecheta, Akunna C

2013-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

298

Anisotropy of Water Dynamics in Clays: Insights from Molecular Simulations for Experimental QENS Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This charge has been chosen because it is similar to the charge of the natural MX80 montmorillonite, reference clay in France for the studies of the radioactive waste storage. ... However, it gives qualitative information about how much the molecules are linked to their environment. ... Environmental Science & Technology (2011), 45 (7), 2850-2855 CODEN: ESTHAG; ISSN:0013-936X. ...

V. Marry; E. Dubois; N. Malikova; J. Breu; W. Haussler

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

299

Evalutaion of Multi-Stage Sandstone Acidizing Uging an Organic Mud Acid and a Clay Stabalizer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and clay particles. The purpose of this study is to present and evaluate multi-stage acid injection into the Bandera sandstone cores to remove formation damage. In this study, coreflood experiments were conducted on Bandera sandstone cores (1.5 in. x 6 in...

Sakipour, Armin

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

300

Sorption of organic matter on clay minerals in aquatic system and influence on sedimentary organic preservation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sorption of organic matter on clay minerals in aquatic system and influence on sedimentary organic, 45067 Orléans Cedex 2, France (E-mail : Sylvain.Drouin@univ-orleans.fr). Sorption of organic molecules that mineral sorption affects transport of natural organic matter to bottom water and to sediments

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food stone clay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

INFLUENCE OF TEMPERATURE ON NICKEL SORPTION ON CLAY MINERAL AND OXIDE SURFACES. K. G. Scheckel1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INFLUENCE OF TEMPERATURE ON NICKEL SORPTION ON CLAY MINERAL AND OXIDE SURFACES. K. G. Scheckel1. Introduction: Many kinetic studies have shown that sorption of metals on natural materials results in the for- tions ranged from 59 to 67 kJ mol-1 [2] while pesticide sorption on humic acid had an Ea value of 6.7 k

Sparks, Donald L.

302

Bubbles trapped on the surface of kidney stones as a cause of the twinkling artifact in ultrasound imaging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A twinkling artifact (TA) associated with urinary calculi has been described as rapidly changing colors on Doppler ultrasound. The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanism of TA. Doppler processing was performed on raw per channel radio-frequency data collected when imaging human kidney stones in degassed water. Suppression of twinkling by an ensemble of computer generated replicas of a single received signal demonstrated that the TA arises from variability among the acoustic signals and not from electronic signal processing. This variability was found to be random in nature and its suppression by elevated static pressure and its return when the pressure was released suggests that the presence of surface bubbles on the stone is the mechanism that gives rise to the TA. Submicron size bubbles are often trapped in crevices on solid objects but the presence of these bubbles in vivo is unexpected. To further check this mechanism under conditions identical to in vivo stone-producing porcine kidneys were harvested en bloc with a ligated ureter and then placed into a pressure chamber and imaged at elevated atmospheric pressure. The result was similar to in vitro. [Work supported by NIH DK43881 DK092197 RFBR and NSBRI through NASA NCC 9-58.

Wei Lu; Lawrence Crum

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Bubbles trapped on the surface of kidney stones as a cause of the twinkling artifact in ultrasound imaging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A twinkling artifact (TA) associated with urinary calculi has been described as rapidly changing colors on Doppler ultrasound. The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanism of the TA. Doppler processing was performed on raw per channel radio-frequency data collected when imaging human kidney stones in degassed water. Suppression of twinkling by an ensemble of computer generated replicas of a single received signal demonstrated that the TA arises from variability among the acoustic signals and not from electronic signal processing. This variability was found to be random in nature and its suppression by elevated static pressure and its return when the pressure was released suggests that the presence of surface bubbles on the stone is the mechanism of the TA. Submicron size bubbles are often trapped in crevices on solid objects but the presence of these bubbles in vivo is unexpected. To further check this mechanism under conditions identical to in vivo stone-producing porcine kidneys were harvested en bloc with a ligated ureter and then placed into a pressure chamber and imaged at elevated atmospheric pressure. The result was similar to in vitro. Work supported by NIH DK43881 DK092197 RFBR 11-02-01189 12-02-00114 and NSBRI through NASA NCC 9-58.

Oleg Sapozhnikov; Wei Lu; Michael R. Bailey; Peter Kaczkowski; Lawrence A. Crum

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

ISLAND AND SHIP TRAIL CLOUDS: THE ROSETTA STONE OF CLOUDS, POLLUTION, AND CLIMATE?  

SciTech Connect

Cloud/Climate Feedback is a combination of words known to be important but extremely difficult to quantify or even assign a direction. A 4 % increase in boundary layer clouds would cool the earth as much as a doubling of CO{sub 2} would warm it (Randall et al, 1984). Studies have shown that warmer sea surface temperatures are associated with fewer clouds (Oreopoulos and Davies, 1992). We do not know how much of this effect is due to direct solar warming of surface water in the absence of clouds. We also know there are more eastern ocean marine boundary layer clouds in summer than winter. Do warmer sea surface temperatures or more summer-like conditions best represent global warming? Twomey, 1974 has proposed that increasing aerosol pollution would lead to brighter clouds (indirect aerosol effect). This relationship does have determined sign (i.e. cooling) but is very difficult to quantify. Cloud trails from ships and islands hold the potential of addressing Cloud/Climate Feedback by observing atmospheric response to large perturbations in turbulence and aerosol. However, before cloud trails can be used as a Rosetta Stone connecting pollution and climate, much more needs to be understood about the micro- and macrophysics of cloud trails.

W. PORCH; S. WINIECKI; L. O'STEEN

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Experimental analysis of seismic resistance of timber-framed structures with stones and earth infill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The seismic performance of timber-framed structures filled with natural stones and earth mortar is analyzed by introducing three scales of experiments during which both cyclic and monotonic loadings are considered. At the connection scale, tests are performed in both normal and tangential directions to obtain the hysteretic behavior of nailed connections. At the elementary cell and shear wall scales, pushover and reversed-cycle tests are performed to obtain the hysteretic behavior as a function of infill characteristics. Walls without any openings (doors or windows) were considered. Through these tests, the influence of the infill on stiffness, maximum load or equivalent viscous damping is analyzed. The present work is then compared with three other experimental studies on the same type of traditional structures in order to provide answers regarding their seismic-resistant behavior. Based on this experimental multi-scale analysis, this article confirms that the timbered masonry structures have a relevant seismic resistant behavior and provides a full analysis useful for the development of a numerical tool aiming at predicting the seismic resistant behavior of this kind of structure.

F. Vieux-Champagne; Y. Sieffert; S. Grange; A. Polastri; A. Ceccotti; L. Daudeville

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

New fluorinated acrylic polymers for improving weatherability of building stone materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acrylic polymers are widely used for their suitability to be shaped in different molecular structures. However, while very appropriate for many applications, these materials are characterized by a limited outdoor stability. In order to improve this last characteristic while maintaining the simple and flexible synthetic route, a study was performed based on the preparation of fluorinated polymers from acrylic monomers where several H-atoms in different positions were replaced with F-atoms. The structure design was aimed to optimize (e.g. minimize) the fluorine content of the final material while obtaining improved chemical and photochemical stability, good filmability and limited permeability to condensed water. The preparation of polymers of methacrylates derived from partially fluorinated alcohol by free radical mechanism is described. The fluorine content and distribution in the macromolecules is modulated by selecting different monomers and by copolymerization with nonfluorinated acrylates or vinylethers. The selection of the comonomers and their relative content in the polymer allows to control the glass transition temperature and the filmability as well as the protection efficiency of the coating. Polymers derived from more complex monomers such as ?-trifluoromethyl-methylacrylate are also described. The suitability of these new materials for protective coating of stones is tested by evaluating their stability to different chemical and physical agents and their selective permeability to water vapour vs. condensed water.

F Ciardelli; M Aglietto; L Montagnini di Mirabello; E Passaglia; S Giancristoforo; V Castelvetro; G Ruggeri

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Income distribution trends and future food demand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...available for food consumption. While there is...between food and energy markets via biofuels...century studied food consumption of the Belgian working...in the market or home-produced. Two...over time. Food consumption can be disaggregated...is poor. Their average income is Y, while...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Improving clay content measurement in oxidic and volcanic ash soils of Hawaii by increasing dispersant concentration and ultrasonic energy levels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Quantifying clay content is a fundamental step in predicting and managing soil behaviors such as nutrient and water retention. However, clay measurements are underestimated when using standard methods of dispersion in soils rich in oxides and volcanic ash-derived non-crystalline minerals. Increasing levels of the chemical dispersant and ultrasonic energy are two simple techniques found to increase dispersion and clay measurements in temperate soils, but their effects are less known for oxidic and volcanic ash soils. In this study we investigated the effects of increasing dispersion concentration and ultrasonic energy on clay measurements for a range of oxidic and volcanic ash soils from Hawaii. While doubling and tripling the standard sodium hexametaphosphate concentration of 0.441 g L? 1 did not increase estimates of clay content, increasing levels of ultrasonic energy up to 1600 J mL? 1 significantly increased measured clay content for all oxide and volcanic ash soils. The response to ultrasonication was dependent on soil carbon, oxide content, and surface charge, with more energy needed to disperse soils higher in carbon, oxides, and positive charge. Scanning electron microscopy revealed damage to the sand fraction in some soils when ultrasonicated, but the extent of this damage was viewed as negligible. Porous sand-sized particles resembling pumice grains were also observed in some soils, suggesting that conventional particle size analysis and clay interpretations may not adequately describe surface related behaviors.

Joshua H.S. Silva; Jonathan L. Deenik; Russell S. Yost; Gregory L. Bruland; Susan E. Crow

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Public Health, Food Studies And Nutrition Department Of Public Health, Food Studies And Nutrition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

therapy, practice of dietetics, community nutrition, food science, and food service systems. All studentsPublic Health, Food Studies And Nutrition Department Of Public Health, Food Studies And Nutrition Kay Stearns Bruening, Chair, 315-443-2386 426 Ostrom Ave. The Department of Public Health, Food

Mather, Patrick T.

310

Food waste within food supply chains: quantification and potential for change to 2050  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...potential for food waste reduction Interviewees...potential for food waste reduction. In developing...skills and knowledge, storage, transport and distribution...Kader 2005). For long-term sustainability...approaches to food waste reduction include...labelling and food storage also have food waste...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Food Services | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Food Services Food Services Food Services The Department offers many food services for employees within the Headquarters' buildings. Forrestal Forrestal Cafeteria (2nd floor, West Building). See the Cafeteria web page for further information. Hours: Monday-Friday 6:45 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. Breakfast hours are from 6:45 a.m. until 10:00 a.m., lunch from 11:00 a.m. until 2:00 p.m., and a "Happy Hour" is featured from 2:00-2:30 p.m. offering 30% off all hot and cold buffet items. Other Places to Eat, Forrestal Food services available inside the Forrestal building (DOE Powerpedia) Places to eat near the Forrestal building (DOE Powerpedia) Germantown Germantown Cafeteria - See the Cafeteria web page for further information. Hours: Monday-Friday 6:45 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. Breakfast hours are from 7:00 a.m. until 10:00 a.m., lunch from 11:00 a.m.

312

Sorption kinetics for phenol and nitro-substituted toxic phenols from aqueous solution using clay as sorbent material  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examined the effectiveness of less-expensive sorbent clay in removing phenols from wastewater by sorption. Batch kinetic experiment showed that phenol and nitro-substituted phenols (o-, m- and p-) sorption on clay was rapid and equilibrium was achieved within 2 h. The kinetics of sorption was found to be of pseudo-second order reaction. The influences of various factors, such as particle size, pH, concentration and temperature on the sorption capacity have been studied. This study showed that clay could be used as an efficient sorbent material for the sorption of phenols from aqueous solution.

Preeti Sagar Nayak; B.K. Singh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

A new class of non-zeolitic sorbents for air separations: Lithium ion exchanged pillared clays  

SciTech Connect

Zeolites are the only known sorbents that adsorb N{sub 2} selectively over O{sub 2}, and are used for industrial air separation. Pillared clays (PILCs) have a high Broensted acidity (k.e., high proton density). It is found in this study that when the protons are exchanged by alkali metal ions, in particular Li{sup +}, the ion exchanged pillared clays can exhibit a high N{sub 2}/O{sub 2} adsorption selectivity that rivals that of the zeolites. The first result shows a pure-component adsorption ratio of N{sub 2}/O{sub 2} = 3.2 (at 25 C and 1 atm) for Li{sup +}-exchanged PILC. The N{sub 2} capacity, however, is only 20% that of the zeolite, and remains to be improved. A systematic investigation is conducted on the effects of three factors on the N{sub 2}/O{sub 2} selectivity: (1) starting clays (tetrahedral vs octahedral isomorphous substitution and clays with different charge densities), (2) different metal oxides as pillars, and (3) different ion exchange alkali metal cations (Li{sup +}, Na{sup +}, K{sup +}, Rb{sup +}, and Cs{sup +}). The highest N{sub 2}/O{sub 2} selectivities are achieved by using clays with the highest charge densities, metal oxides forming pillars with the narrowest gallery spaces, and ion exchange cations with the smallest ionic radii. Effects by all three factors are qualitatively understood. The high N{sub 2}/O{sub 2} selectivity on the Li{sup +} exchanged PILC is the result of the small ionic radius (and hence high polarizing power) of Li{sup +} and the strong quadrupole moment of the N{sub 2} molecule. Moreover, a technique is developed with which the amount of the exchanged cations can exceed that allowed by the original cation exchange capacity of the clay by using a high pH value in the ion exchange solution.

Cheng, L.S.; Yang, R.T. [State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

from Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC NEWS SRS Employees Donate Food to Golden Harvest Food Bank  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Employees Donate Food to Golden Harvest Food Bank Employees Donate Food to Golden Harvest Food Bank AIKEN, S.C. - (June 7, 2012) Today, the Savannah River Site (SRS) donated $22,000 and 18,000 pounds of food during its annual food drive for the Golden Harvest Food Bank. Several SRS organizations participated in this food drive-Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, Savannah River Remediation, U.S. Forest Service-Savannah River, URS and WSI- Savannah River. The SRS food drive is one of Golden Harvest Food Bank's largest, local fund-raisers. According to Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC President and CEO Dwayne Wilson, the Site's past food drives have collec- tively yielded over 262,475 pounds of food for Golden Harvest. "We're pleased to support Golden Harvest in their highly effective efforts as they strive

315

Geography of urban food access : exploring potential causes of food deserts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We believe we understand food deserts, but we do not. In the last decade the phenomenon of food deserts has been often discussed, and many solutions are proposed to alleviate food access issues in American cities. However, ...

Cameron, Caitlin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Waste Acceptance Testing of Secondary Waste Forms: Cast Stone, Ceramicrete and DuraLith  

SciTech Connect

To support the selection of a waste form for the liquid secondary wastes from WTP, Washington River Protection Solutions has initiated secondary-waste-form testing work at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). In anticipation of a down-selection process for a waste form for the Solidification Treatment Unit to be added to the ETF, PNNL is conducting tests on four candidate waste forms to evaluate their ability to meet potential waste acceptance criteria for immobilized secondary wastes that would be placed in the IDF. All three waste forms demonstrated compressive strengths above the minimum 3.45 MPa (500 psi) set as a target for cement-based waste forms. Further, none of the waste forms showed any significant degradation in compressive strength after undergoing thermal cycling (30 cycles in a 10 day period) between -40 C and 60 C or water immersion for 90 days. The three leach test methods are intended to measure the diffusion rates of contaminants from the waste forms. Results are reported in terms of diffusion coefficients and a leachability index (LI) calculated based on the diffusion coefficients. A smaller diffusion coefficient and a larger LI are desired. The NRC, in its Waste Form Technical Position (NRC 1991), provides recommendations and guidance regarding methods to demonstrate waste stability for land disposal of radioactive waste. Included is a recommendation to conduct leach tests using the ANS 16.1 method. The resulting leachability index (LI) should be greater than 6.0. For Hanford secondary wastes, the LI > 6.0 criterion applies to sodium leached from the waste form. For technetium and iodine, higher targets of LI > 9 for Tc and LI > 11 for iodine have been set based on early waste-disposal risk and performance assessment analyses. The results of these three leach tests conducted for a total time between 11days (ASTM C1308) to 90 days (ANS 16.1) showed: (1) Technetium diffusivity: ANSI/ANS 16.1, ASTM C1308, and EPA 1315 tests indicated that all the waste forms had leachability indices better than the target LI > 9 for technetium; (2) Rhenium diffusivity: Cast Stone 2M specimens, when tested using EPA 1315 protocol, had leachability indices better than the target LI > 9 for technetium based on rhenium as a surrogate for technetium. All other waste forms tested by ANSI/ANS 16.1, ASTM C1308, and EPA 1315 test methods had leachability indices that were below the target LI > 9 for Tc based on rhenium release. These studies indicated that use of Re(VII) as a surrogate for 99Tc(VII) in low temperature secondary waste forms containing reductants will provide overestimated diffusivity values for 99Tc. Therefore, it is not appropriate to use Re as a surrogate 99Tc in future low temperature waste form studies. (3) Iodine diffusivity: ANSI/ANS 16.1, ASTM C1308, and EPA 1315 tests indicated that the three waste forms had leachability indices that were below the target LI > 11 for iodine. Therefore, it may be necessary to use a more effective sequestering material than silver zeolite used in two of the waste forms (Ceramicrete and DuraLith); (4) Sodium diffusivity: All the waste form specimens tested by the three leach methods (ANSI/ANS 16.1, ASTM C1308, and EPA 1315) exceeded the target LI value of 6; (5) All three leach methods (ANS 16.1, ASTM C1308 and EPA 1315) provided similar 99Tc diffusivity values for both short-time transient diffusivity effects as well as long-term ({approx}90 days) steady diffusivity from each of the three tested waste forms (Cast Stone 2M, Ceramicrete and DuraLith). Therefore, any one of the three methods can be used to determine the contaminant diffusivities from a selected waste form.

Mattigod, Shas V.; Westsik, Joseph H.; Chung, Chul-Woo; Lindberg, Michael J.; Parker, Kent E.

2011-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

317

Peak Oil Food Network | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Network Network Jump to: navigation, search Name Peak Oil Food Network Place Crested Butte, Colorado Zip 81224 Website http://www.PeakOilFoodNetwork. References Peak Oil Food Network[1] LinkedIn Connections This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. The Peak Oil Food Network is a networking organization located in Crested Butte, Colorado, and is open to the general public that seeks to promote the creation of solutions to the challenge of food production impacted by the peak phase of global oil production. Private citizens are encouraged to join and contribute by adding comments, writing blog posts or adding to discussions about food and oil related topics. Peak Oil Food Network can be followed on Twitter at: http://www.Twitter.com/PeakOilFoodNtwk Peak Oil Food Network on Twitter

318

World Food Crisis: Imperfect Markets Starving Development, A Decomposition of Recent Food Price Increases.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The recent decade has experienced two rather substantial food price spikes. This thesis sets out to provide an in-depth look at the recent food price… (more)

Costello, Christine

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Effect coal ash on some refractory properties of alumino-silicate (Kankara) clay for furnace lining  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The work aimed on the improving the refractory properties of Kankara clay (alumino-silicate) found in Kankara Village, Katsina State, Nigeria by blending with coal ash for the production of refractory bricks was investigated. Coal ash additions were varied from 5 to 25 wt% in the blend. Refractory properties such as: linear shrinkage, apparent porosity, bulk density, cold crushing strength and thermal shock resistance were tested. The results were compared with standard refractory properties for fireclay bricks. All the values obtained from the blends are within the recommended values for medium fireclay bricks. Hence, addition of coal ash to Kankara clay enhanced the refractory properties; the bricks were used in the production of heat treatment furnace with good thermal resistance.

S.B. Hassan; V.S. Aigbodion

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Development of Biodegradable Foamlike Materials Based on Casein and Sodium Montmorillonite Clay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(1-4) The current generation of biobased polymers are produced primarily from renewable resources, such as sugar cane, proteins, and starches; such materials for packaging, adhesives, coatings, and biomedical applications can be produced with less overall energy consumption than their petrochemical counterparts and tend to be less toxic to the environment. ... (5-7) Due to its random coil conformation with a high degree of molecular flexibility and large amount of polar groups, casein shows good film-forming and coating properties as well as excellent barrier properties to nonpolar substances (oxygen, carbon dioxide, and aromas). ... (11-20) Because the clay aerogels are relatively fragile, the incorporation of either a polymeric component or natural or synthetic fibers into the clay aerogel sample is required to improve their mechanical rigidity and to produce the foamlike structures that reflect the thermal/mechanical properties of the matrix polymers themselves. ...

Tassawuth Pojanavaraphan; Rathanawan Magaraphan; Bor-Sen Chiou; David A. Schiraldi

2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food stone clay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Long-term modeling of glass waste in portland cement- and clay-based matrices  

SciTech Connect

A set of ``templates`` was developed for modeling waste glass interactions with cement-based and clay-based matrices. The templates consist of a modified thermodynamic database, and input files for the EQ3/6 reaction path code, containing embedded rate models and compositions for waste glass, cement, and several pozzolanic materials. Significant modifications were made in the thermodynamic data for Th, Pb, Ra, Ba, cement phases, and aqueous silica species. It was found that the cement-containing matrices could increase glass corrosion rates by several orders of magnitude (over matrixless or clay matrix systems), but they also offered the lowest overall solubility for Pb, Ra, Th and U. Addition of pozzolans to cement decreased calculated glass corrosion rates by up to a factor of 30. It is shown that with current modeling capabilities, the ``affinity effect`` cannot be trusted to passivate glass if nuclei are available for precipitation of secondary phases that reduce silica activity.

Stockman, H.W.; Nagy, K.L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Morris, C.E. [Wollongong Univ., NSW (Australia). Dept. of Civil and Mining Engineering

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Numerical simulation of ground movements and structural forces in lining for Earth Pressure Balance (EPB) tunneling in clay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes the development of a 3D finite element model for representing mechanized tunnel construction using an Earth Pressure Balance (EPB) machine in clay. The model uses the commercial FE code, Plaxis 3D, ...

Founta, Vasiliki

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Oxygen isotope fractionation effects in soil water via interaction with cations (Mg, Ca, K, Na) adsorbed to phyllosilicate clay minerals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) adsorbed to phyllosilicate clay minerals Erik Oerter a, , Kari Finstad a , Justin Schaefer b , Gregory R approaches to the measurement of the d18 O value of soil water. The adsorbed cation isotope effect may bear

Goldsmith, Greg

324

Molecular dynamics simulation of complex molecules at interfaces: dendritic surfactants in clay and amyloid peptides near lipid bilayers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We apply a molecular dynamics (MD) simulation technique to complex molecules at interfaces. Partitioning of dendritic surfactants into clay gallery and Ab protein behavior near hydrated lipids are chosen for the purpose. Using a full atomistic model...

Han, Kunwoo

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

325

Application of a montmorillonite clay modified with iron in photo-Fenton process. Comparison with goethite and nZVI  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Iron pillared clay (Fe-PILC) was prepared from a montmorillonite and was ... electron microscopy and X-ray fluorescence. Fe-PILC catalytic activity was evaluated in photo-Fenton ... Different catalyst loads were ...

María A. De León; Marta Sergio; Juan Bussi…

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Investigations of Near-Field Thermal-Hydrologic-Mechanical-Chemical Models for Radioactive Waste Disposal in Clay/Shale Rock  

SciTech Connect

Clay/shale has been considered as potential host rock for geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste throughout the world, because of its low permeability, low diffusion coefficient, high retention capacity for radionuclides, and capability to self-seal fractures. For example, Callovo-Oxfordian argillites at the Bure site, France (Fouche et al., 2004), Toarcian argillites at the Tournemire site, France (Patriarche et al., 2004), Opalinus Clay at the Mont Terri site, Switzerland (Meier et al., 2000), and Boom clay at the Mol site, Belgium (Barnichon and Volckaert, 2003) have all been under intensive scientific investigation (at both field and laboratory scales) for understanding a variety of rock properties and their relationships to flow and transport processes associated with geological disposal of radioactive waste. Figure 1-1 presents the distribution of clay/shale formations within the USA.

Liu, H.H.; Li, L.; Zheng, L.; Houseworth, J.E.; Rutqvist, J.

2011-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

327

Effect of the organic groups of difunctional silanes on the preparation of coated clays for olefin polymer modification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...phase behavior of polymer-clay composites. Macromolecules , 31 , 6676-6680...of high density polyethylene composites based on poly(diphenyl-siloxanes...Fracture studies of polypropylene/nanoclay composite. Part I: Effect of loading...

F. E. Monasterio; M. L. Dias; V. J. R. R. Pita; E. Erdmann; H. A. Destéfanis

328

Genetic Engineered Food and Safety  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Genetic Engineered Food and Safety Genetic Engineered Food and Safety Name: Christopher Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Is genetically engineered food safe to eat? Replies: Well, I hope so, since I and you and all of us have been eating it for centuries. All common foodstuffs have been seriously engineered since they were discovered. The modern tomato plant, apple tree, wheat stalk, and corn plant bear only a general resemblance to their ancestors, as farmers have engineered them to increase their yield, shelf life, resistance to disease, etc. It is, however, true that up until recently changes to the genetic code of foodstuffs could only be made via natural mutation (which occurs via naturally-occuring ionizing radiation and mutagenic chemicals), and the food engineer's job was limited to selecting those changes he wanted to preserve, and those he wanted to weed out. Now you can induce mutations directly, with intention and forethought, and avoid much of the waiting around for natural mutation that was heretofore necessary in plant breeding.

329

Integrating Food Production and Biodiversity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integrating Food Production and Biodiversity Energy and Scale Issues in Implementation Kristina and biodiversity ­ energy and scale issues in implementation Abstract The aim of this thesis was to test the hypotheses that (1) biodiversity at a farm level differs between small and large farms, and (2

330

COMMERCIAL SERVICES SUSTAINABLE FOOD POLICY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMMERCIAL SERVICES SUSTAINABLE FOOD POLICY February 2013 Commercial Services (CS) provides a range high standards of sustainability across all its activities. This policy supports CS aim to become a `Sustainable, Efficient and Effective Organisation' that "....will carefully consider the impact of our

Haase, Markus

331

FOOD REFORM MOVEMENTS Nicolas Larchet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FOOD REFORM MOVEMENTS Nicolas Larchet Social historians have broadly defined two cycles of American history characterized by an efflorescence of social movements aiming to reform both the individual to the 1920s. The reform impulse thrived wherever there was a perceived vice, abuse or corruption

Boyer, Edmond

332

Food research 'lost in translation'  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... dearth of investment in agricultural and plant science, and virtually no links between public and private sectors, are key drivers of the shortage of affordable food in Africa, a meeting ... shocked" at how little dialogue existed between public agricultural research centres in Africa and the private sector. ...

Natasha Gilbert

2008-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

333

INFORMATION--ARTS & CRAFTS --FOOD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INFORMATION--ARTS & CRAFTS --FOOD Listed in alphabetical order Ballroom and Kurtzman Room "Al Servicio de la Comunidad" (Latino Catholic Community): Information on community events and volunteer. All proceeds benefit the women of Arte Papel. Brazil Nuts: Student organization at Pitt. Information

Machery, Edouard

334

Developing sustainable food supply chains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...consumers to buy green. For those food businesses dependent on hedonistic...environment. No time or energy for strategy vision long-term business vision no long-term...66-67. In How green is my kitchen...that affect our business, 70 pp. See www...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Cook food to proper temperature.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and after handling or eating food; nafter playing with pets or visiting a zoo; nafter coughing, sneezing out of their mouths when they cough or sneeze. · Have the children touch something (table or chair. · Explain that if you wash your hands after coughing or sneezing in them, the germs will be washed away

Liskiewicz, Maciej

336

Food security and sustainable intensification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...mitigate greenhouse gas emissions while simultaneously...effects on reducing fertility...in their energy and resource...projecting future energy prices is...pollution, by reducing soil and...to reduce greenhouse gas emissions Action to...opportunities for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the food...Livestock-related greenhouse...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Significance of the microstructure of Pacific red clays to nuclear waste disposal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for geotechnical laboratory testing simulating in situ conditions for the approximate porosities investigated. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I wish to express my deep appreciation, respect, and friendship to Dr . Richar d Bennett of NORDA for his guidance and counsel... Technical- METHODS AND MATERIALS- -14 Coring and Subsampling- -14 Geotechnical and Thermal Probes-- ? ? ? ? ? ? - ? ? 14 Grain-Size Determination- Clay Fabric Preparation Techniques ? ? ? ? -- ? ? ? 19 Tr ansmission electron micr oscopy only...

Burkett, Patti Jo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

338

Effect of Clay Amounts on Morphology and Mechanical Performances in Multiscale PET Composites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work presents an investigation of the properties of poly(ethylene terephthalate)/glass fibres/nanoclay multiscale composites. The aim is to demonstrate the effect of adding various clay amounts on the morphology and mechanical performance of multiscale PET composites. Multiscale composites were prepared by adding 0.5 1.0 3.0 and 5.0 wt% of Cloisite15A montmorillonite: Initially a masterbatch of pure PET blended with 10 wt% of Cloisite15A was obtained in a co?rotating twin screw extruder. The multiscale composites were then blended via mechanical mixing and injection moulded by adding the masterbatch to the glass fibre reinforced matrix. The morphological and mechanical characterizations of all compounds are discussed. X?ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed that the characteristic (001) peak of the nanocomposite obtained by extrusion (masterbatch) shifted to the lower angle region stating an intercalated structure. However the subsequent injection moulding process changed the morphological structure of the multiscale nanocomposites reducing the basal distance mostly for small loadings of nanoclay. The addition of nanoclay to PET matrices increases the degree of crystallinity the clay platelets possibly playing the role of nucleating agent as revealed by DSC and FTIR. The time relaxation spectra broaden as seen by DMA as the ratio of clay/polymer interfaces increases. The yield stress of composites with 0.5 and 1 wt% of C15A content are enhanced. For more than 3% of nanoclay the yield stress decreases. The Young’s modulus is increased when adding C15 nanoclay. Indeed clay exfoliation was not attained but the intercalated particle dispersion improved the stiffness properties of PET/glass fibres/nanoclay composites.

C. N. Barbosa; F. Chabert; V. Nassiet; J. C. Viana; P. Pereira

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Identification of Pore Structure and Clay Content from Seismic Data within an Argillaceous Sandstone Reservoir  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IDENTIFICATION OF PORE STRUCTURE AND CLAY CONTENT FROM SEISMIC DATA WITHIN AN ARGILLACEOUS SANDSTONE RESERVOIR A Thesis by ROBERT LELAND SCHELSTRATE Submitted to the Office of Graduate and Professional Studies of Texas A&M University... Ds Compressibility of the rock matrix Dd Compressibility of the dry rock frame Df Compressibility of the pore-filling fluid F, FK Frame flexibility factors kd Bulk modulus of dry rock Ks Bulk modulus of the rock...

Schelstrate, Robert

2014-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

340

Electrode kinetic and electro-kinetic effects in electroosmotic dewatering of clay suspensions  

SciTech Connect

Lockhart`s remarks on the author`s previous interpretation of the electrochemical aspects of the electroosmotic dewatering (EOD) of clay suspensions are analyzed to provide some further clarification. Based on Lockhart`s excellent work, the authors put forward here novel electrochemical interpretations of some features of the following experimental observations: (1) Galvani dewatering; (2) the dewatering efficiency; and (3) high voltage needed for dewatering Al-kaolinite and aluminum electrode effect.

Vijh, A.K. [Inst. de Recherche d`Hydro-Quebec, Varennes, Quebec (Canada)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food stone clay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Kinetics of Mixed Ni-Al Precipitate Formation on a Soil Clay Fraction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kinetics of Mixed Ni-Al Precipitate Formation on a Soil Clay Fraction D A R R Y L R . R O B E R Management Laboratory, Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland The kinetics of mixed Ni-Al Ni- Al LDH formation. The initial Ni concentration was 3 mM with a solid/solution ratio of 10 g L-1

Sparks, Donald L.

342

Preliminary design of drilled shafts in clay for supporting precast panel retaining walls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Leon Holloway, B. S. , Texas A&M University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Harry M. Coyle The behavior of a laterally loaded drilled shaft in clay has been investigated by conducting a second lateral load test on an instrumented shaft. For each... increment of the applied lateral load, the shaft: rota- tion, the soil resistance, and the lateral deflection were measured. The soil resistance along the shaft was measured using a series of pneumatic pressure cells. The lateral deflection was measured...

Holloway, George Leon

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Interfacial reactions between humic-like substances and lateritic clay: Application to the preparation of “geomimetic” materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The aim of this study was to understand the mechanisms responsible for the strengthening of “geomimetic” materials, especially the chemical bonding between clay and humic substances. The mineral matter is lateritic clay which mainly consists in kaolinite, goethite, hematite and quartz. The other starting products are fulvic acid (FA) and lime. The preparation of these geomimetic materials is inspired from the natural stabilization of soils by humic substances occurring over thousands of years. The present process involves acidic and alkaline reactions followed by a curing period of 18 days at 60 °C under a water saturated atmosphere. The acceleration of the strengthening process usually observed in soils makes this an original process for treatment of soils. The consolidation of the “geomimetic” materials could result from two major phenomena: (i) chemical bonding at the interface between the clay particles and iron compounds and the functional groups of the fulvic acid, (ii) a partial dissolution of the clay grains followed by the precipitation of the cementitious phases, namely calcium silicate hydrates, calcium aluminate hydrates and mixed calcium silicum and aluminum hydrates. Indeed, the decrease of the BET specific area of the lateritic clay after 24 h of reaction with FA added to the structural reorganization observed between 900 and 1000 °C in the “geomimetic” material, and to the results of adsorption measurements, confirm the formation of organo-ferric complexes [1]. The presence of iron oxides in clay, in the form of goethite, appears to be another parameter in favor of a ligand exchange process and the creation of binding bridges between FA and the mineral matter. Indeed all faces of goethite are likely to be involved in complexation reactions whereas in lateritic clay only lateral faces could be involved [2]. The results of the adsorption experiments realized at a local scale will improve our understandings about the process of adsorption of FA on lateritic clays and its involvement in the strengthening process of materials.

Herve Goure-Doubi; Céline Martias; Gisèle Laure Lecomte-Nana; Benoît Nait-Ali; Agnès Smith; Elsa Thune; Nicolas Villandier; Vincent Gloaguen; Marilyne Soubrand; Léon koffi Konan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Fine particle clay catalysts for coal liquefaction. Quarterly technical progress report, November 9, 1991--February 8, 1992  

SciTech Connect

The investigation of methods for the production and testing of iron-pillared clay catalysts was continued in this quarter. The surface area of the mixed alumina/iron pillared clay catalyst decreased to 51 m{sup 2}/g on sulfidation. Thus the stability of the alumina pillars during the sulfidation and thermal treatments prevented the total collapse that occurred in the case of the iron-pillared clays. Previously the mixed alumina/iron pillared clays were tested for hydrocracking activities with bibenzyl. This testing was extended to a determination of activity with a second model compound substrate (pyrene), representative of the polynuclear aromatic systems present in coal. Testing of the mixed alumina/iron-pillared catalysts with 1-methylnaphthalene gave interesting results that demonstrate shape selectivity. The clay-supported iron hydroxyoxide catalysts prepared by impregnation of iron species on acidic clays were further investigated. Sulfidation of these catalysts using the carbon disulfide in situ method gave hydrocracking activities with bibenzyl that were somewhat less than those obtained by presulfidation with H{sub 2}/H{sub 2}S mixtures. Liquefaction of Wyodak subbituminous coal was very successful with the iron impregnated clay catalyst, giving a highly soluble product. High conversions were also obtained with the mixed alumina/iron-pillared clay catalyst, but the yield of oil-solubles was considerably lower. Several new catalysts were synthesized with the idea of decreasing the pillar density and thereby increasing the micropore volume. These catalysts were prepared by first pillaring with an organic ammonium pillaring agent, then introducing a lower number of silica or alumina pillars. Finally the iron component was added either before or after thermal removal of organic pillars.

Olson, E.S.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

The stratigraphy and environment of deposition of productive Wilcox clays in west central Freestone and southeast Limestone Counties, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE STRATIGRAPHY AND ENVIRONMENT OF DEPOSITION OF PRODUCTIVE WILCOX CLAYS IN WEST CENTRAL FREESTONE AND SOUTHEAST LIMESTONE COUNTIES, TEXAS A Thesis by STEPHANIE ANNE SHELVEY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University... in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1986 Major Subject: Geology THE STRATIGRAPHY AND ENVIRONMENT OF DEPOSITION OF PRODUCTIVE WILCOX CLAYS IN WEST CENTRAL FREESTONE AND SOUTHEAST LIMESTONE COUNTIES, TEXAS A...

Shelvey, Stephanie Anne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

346

Geochemical study of evaporite and clay mineral-oxyhydroxide samples from the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant site  

SciTech Connect

Samples of clay minerals, insoluble oxyhydroxides, and their host evaporites from the WIPP site have been studied for their major and minor elements abundances, x-ray diffraction characteristics, K-Ar ages, and Rb-Sr ages. This study was undertaken to determine their overall geochemical characteristics and to investigate possible interactions between evaporates and insoluble constituents. The evaporite host material is water-soluble, having Cl/Br ratios typical of marine evaporites, although the Br content is low. Insoluble material (usually a mixture of clay minerals and oxyhydroxide phases) yields very high Cl/Br ratios, possibly because of Cl from admixed halide minerals. This same material yields K/Rb and Th/U ratios in the normal range for shales; suggesting little, if any, effect of evaporite-induced remobilization of U, K, or Rb in the insoluble material. The rare-earth element (REE) data also show normal REE/chondrite (REE/CHON) distribution patterns, supporting the K/Rb and Th/U data. Clay minerals yield K-Ar dates in the range 365 to 390 Ma and a Rb-Sr isochron age of 428 {+-} 7 Ma. These ages are well in excess of the 220- to 230-Ma formational age of the evaporites, and confirm the detrital origin of the clays. The ages also show that any evaporite or clay mineral reactions that might have occurred at or near the time of sedimentation and diagenesis were not sufficient to reset the K-Ar and Rb-Sr systematics of the clay minerals. Further, x-ray data indicate a normal evaporitic assemblage of clay minerals and Fe-rich oxyhydroxide phases. The clay minerals and other insoluble material appear to be resistant to the destructive effects of their entrapment in the evaporites, which suggests that these insoluble materials would be good getters for any radionuclides (hypothetically) released from the storage of radioactive wastes in the area.

Brookins, D.G. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (US). Dept. of Geology

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

The Use of Renewable and Alternative Fuel in the Heavy Clay Industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The heavy clay industry brick is in many countries a very important economic factor with far reaching financial and environmental impacts. In the industrialized countries the use of alternative fuels in the heavy clay industry is rather limited.The European brick industries common current research activity is mainly focused on synthgas from waste streams. In-house research activity by single brick companies does, at least in Europe, not take place at the moment. The situation in the developing and industrializing countries is far different: The use of alternative,fossil and renewable, fuels in these countries is still wide spread. The use of such fuels does sometimes have severe negative impacts on the environment. This paper gives an overview of the use of various renewable and alternative fuels in the heavy clay industry in several countries and the environmental and financial impacts these fuels have or might have on the operation of a typical installation in various parts of the world (Maghreb, Europe, USA, Australia,India, Vietnam). Two examples in which alternative fuels have been or are used, one in an industrializing and one in an industrialized country, are briefly presented. A comparative product life cycle analysis, LCA, is presented.

F. Moedinger; F. Ast; M. Ragazzi; E.C. Rada; C. Callegati

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

California Department of Food and Agriculture | Open Energy Informatio...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Food and Agriculture Jump to: navigation, search Logo: California Department of Food and Agriculture Name: California Department of Food and Agriculture Abbreviation: CDFA Address:...

349

Oktoberfest Set for Wednesday, Oct. 29. Volunteers Needed. Food...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

success. More than a dozen volunteer positions still need to be filled -ranging from food service (replenishing food on food lines to assisting with children's games and field...

350

Energy Savings in Food Processing Dehumidification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Food processors have the unique responsibility of maintaining environmental, process and sanitation standards for government and consumers. Usually the food plant is a large facility with many sources of contamination, all of which must...

Turney, R. L.; Young, F. J.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Electron Beam--21st Century Food Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This publication explains electron beam irradiation technology to consumers, industry professionals and government officials. Electron beam irradiation is a method of treating food and other products for pathogens that might jeopardize food safety....

Vestal, Andy

2003-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

352

Food From The onn Dining Service  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Raw Fr esh Food From The Earth U C onn Dining Service s Available at: Bookworms Cafe & Wilbur's Cafe RAW FRESH FOOD FROM THE EARTH AVOCADO CHOCOLATE PUDDING Raw, Imported Cocoa Powder, Avocado, Maple

Alpay, S. Pamir

353

Continuum–discontinuum analysis of failure mechanisms around unsupported circular excavations in anisotropic clay shales  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The stability of circular excavations in clay shales is a key issue in the drilling and tunnelling industries as well as in the field of deep geological waste storage. A large body of experimental evidence indicates that the damaged zone around these cavities is influenced by strong mechanical anisotropy induced by the layered material structure. The vast majority of numerical models adopted to date to analyse the stability of openings in layered rocks have been based on continuum mechanics principles using classic shear failure theory for elasto-plastic materials. However, a number of experimental observations demonstrate that clay shales may fail in a brittle manner under low-confinement conditions such as those characterizing the near-field of the excavation. Therefore, an alternative numerical approach based on non-linear fracture mechanics principles and the discrete element method is adopted to gain new insight into the failure process of this class of geomaterials. In order to account for the influence of clay shale microstructure on its mechanical behaviour a newly developed approach to capture the anisotropy of strength is proposed. With this numerical approach, the cohesive strength parameters of the fracture model are assumed to be a function of the relative orientation between the element bonds and the layering orientation. The effectiveness of the numerical technique is quantitatively demonstrated by simulating standard rock mechanics tests on an indurated claystone, namely Opalinus Clay. Emergent strength and deformation properties, together with the simulated fracture mechanisms, are shown to be in good agreement with experimental observations. The modelling technique is then applied to the simulation of the Excavation Damaged Zone (EDZ) around a circular tunnel in horizontally bedded Opalinus Clay. The simulated fracturing process is mainly discussed in the context of the damage mechanisms observed at the Mont Terri URL. Furthermore, the influence of in situ stress on resulting EDZ geometry is analysed together with possible implications for ground support and tunnel constructability. Modelling results highlight the importance of shear strength mobilization along bedding planes in controlling the EDZ formation process. In particular, slippage of bedding planes is shown to cause rock mass deconfinement which in turn promotes brittle failure processes in the form of spalling. The numerical technique is currently limited to two-dimensional analyses without any thermo-hydro-mechanical coupling.

A. Lisjak; G. Grasselli; T. Vietor

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Food Service Equipment | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Service Equipment Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleFoodServiceEquipment&oldid380620...

355

Climate Change Impacts on Global Food Security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...pressures on food prices, economic...will have many effects on the global...recent data are averages for the period...burning of fossil fuels, with smaller...Goldberg R. , The effect of changes in...other renewable fuels for transport...surging food prices . Agric. Econ...osterdal, “Effects of food price...

Tim Wheeler; Joachim von Braun

2013-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

356

Agent Notes Day 3 ~ Food Safety Training  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. If possible, acquire food and refrigerator thermometers for each participant. Also, show a variety of thermometers (food, refrigerator, oven, candy, etc.), and explain their purpose. You may set up any food for foodborne illness because their immune systems are not fully developed. This lesson outlines the causes

357

Potential Carcinogenicity of Food Additives and Contaminants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Carcinogenicity of Food Additives and Contaminants 1...as a result of the manufacturing process used; an example...Specifi cations of food additives are of immense significance...use of DES as a food additive for cattle. I am unable...occupational hazards from manufacturing these materials even...

Philippe Shubik

1975-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

CSU Master Food Safety Advisor Program Do you enjoy the art and science of food preservation?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSU Master Food Safety Advisor Program Do you enjoy the art and science of food preservation? Would Advisor! What is a Master Food Safety Advisor The Master food Safety Advisor program serves to extend CSU Safety Advisor is a trained volunteer educator and resource person in the community to provide the public

359

5-Hydroxy-L-tryptophan suppresses food intake in food-deprived and stressed rats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5-Hydroxy-L-tryptophan suppresses food intake in food-deprived and stressed rats Ahmed Amera , Jeff consumption and tissue 5-HTP levels among rats subjected to two different hyperphagic stimuli, food in a 1- h feeding test in food-deprived rats. In this study, both serotonin and 5-HTP exhibited anorectic

Wurtman, Richard

360

Vision - Food | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vision - Food Vision - Food Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture This website is supported by the Interagency Council on Agricultural and Rural Statistics (ICARS). ICARS is the effort of the US federal government's statistical agencies in support of the "Global Strategy to Improve Agriculture and Rural Statistics" which was developed under the United Nations Statistical Commission. The impetus for the Global Strategy was the recognition that agriculture and rural statistics are declining across the globe at the same time as new data requirements are emerging. ICARS brings together experts from economic, demographic, environmental and agricultural statistical agencies and from natural resource agencies to

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food stone clay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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361

Photosynthesis—path to food  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Photosynthesis—path to food ... The idea of producing more and better agricultural products by tinkering with the extremely complex mechanisms which control photosynthesis is today little more than a dream. ... However, much research remains to be done to bring the dream to reality, he said at the Symposium on Photosynthesis, held to highlight the dedication of International Minerals & Chemical's -S6.5 million Growth Science Center in Libertyville, 111. ...

1966-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

362

Economic Contributions of Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Related Food  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida.36 billion), which includes food service establishments (restaurants and bars) and retail food storesFE935 Economic Contributions of Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Related Food Industries

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

363

Closing Data Gaps for LCA of Food Products: Estimating the Energy Demand of Food Processing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Closing Data Gaps for LCA of Food Products: Estimating the Energy Demand of Food Processing ... To quantify the environmental impacts arising from food production, environmental assessment tools such as life cycle assessment (LCA) should be applied. ... Most of the published LCA’s on food are assessing primary agricultural products, e.g., refs 4 and 5, whereas the number of studies available on processed food is lower, e.g., refs 6?8. ...

Neus Sanjuán; Franziska Stoessel; Stefanie Hellweg

2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

364

Data - Food Community | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data - Food Community Data - Food Community Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture Search Terms Category -Any- Agriculture Investment and Engineering Animals and Animal Systems Agriculture Fire Hazard Food/Non-Food Agricultural Products Geography and Environment Human Health and Nutrition International Trade Local and Regional Food Systems Markets, Prices, and Economics Natural Resources and Environment Plants and Plant Systems Agriculture Rural Development Science and Technology Water Quality Watershed Protection Items per page 25 50 100 Apply Name Downloads Rating Pesticide Data Program 1994 The USDA Pesticide Data Program (PDP) database provides national data on pesticide residues in food and water, with an emphasis on foods consumed by infants and children. PDP data are used primarily...

365

Irradiation of Food — Helping to Ensure Food Safety  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...products. Many people are unaware that radiation is used to sterilize or treat many of the products that they use in their own homes, such as baby-bottle nipples, personal-hygiene products, cosmetics, bandages, polymerized flooring materials, Teflon-coated skillets, and insulation on electrical wire... In this issue of the Journal, Osterholm and Norgan (pages 1898–1901) present a convincing argument that physicians and other health care professionals, as health advocates, should also be advocates for the irradiation of foods to prevent the transmission ...

Thayer D.W.

2004-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

366

Evaluation of X-ray Diffraction of Bit Cuttings as a Proxy for Core Data in Determining Bulk Mineralogy and Clay Species, Bakken Formation, Williston Basin.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The principal question addressed in this study concerns the applicability of x-ray diffractometry to determine bulk rock mineralogy and clay species in the absence of… (more)

Barnes, Stuart Lee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Laboratory measurements of contaminant attenuation of uranium mill tailings leachates by sediments and clay liners  

SciTech Connect

We discuss FY82 progress on the development of laboratory tools to aid in the prediction of migration potential of contaminants present in acidic uranium mill tailings leachate. Further, empirical data on trace metal and radionuclide migration through a clay liner are presented. Acidic uranium mill tailings solution from a Wyoming mill was percolated through a composite sediment called Morton Ranch Clay liner. These laboratory columns and subsequent sediment extraction data show: (1) As, Cr, Pb, Ag, Th and V migrate very slowly; (2) U, Cd, Ni, Zn, Fe, Mn and similar transition metals are initially immobilized during acid neutralization but later are remobilized as the tailings solution exhausts the clay liner's acid buffering capacity. Such metals remain immobilized as long as the effluent pH remains above a pH value of 4 to 4.5, but they become mobile once the effluent pH drops below this range; and (3) fractions of the Se and Mo present in the influent tailings solution are very mobile. Possible controlling mechanisms for the pH-dependent immobilization-mobilization of the trace metals are discussed. More study is required to understand the controlling mechanisms for Se and Mo and Ra for which data were not successfully collected. Using several column lengths (from 4.5 to 65 cm) and pore volume residence times (from 0.8 to 40 days) we found no significant differences in contaminant migration rates or types and extent of controlling processes. Thus, we conclude that the laboratory results may be capable of extrapolation to actual disposal site conditions.

Serne, R.J.; Peterson, S.R.; Gee, G.W.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Pillared clays as superior catalysts for selective catalytic reduction of nitric oxide. Second semiannual report, 1996  

SciTech Connect

During the first six months of the program, the work has progressed as planned. We have constructed a reactor system and assembled all laboratory essentials for conducting the three-year project. First, the catalytic activities of the Cu(2+) ion exchanged alumina-pillared clay for the selective catalytic reduction of NO by ethylene were measured. The temperature range was 250-500{degrees}C. The activities of this catalyst were substantially higher than the catalyst that has been extensively studied in the literature, Cu-ZSM-5. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) was used to study the acidity of the catalyst. The second part of the work was an in-depth FTIR study of the NO decomposition mechanism on the catalyst. This was planned as the first and the key step to obtain an understanding of the reaction mechanism. Key surface intermediates were identified from the FTIR spectra, and a redox type Eley-Rideal mechanism was proposed for the NO decomposition on this catalyst. This report will be divided into two parts. In Part One, we report results on the catalytic activities of the Cu-alumina-pillared clay and a direct comparison with other known catalysts. In Part two, we focus on the FTIR study and from the results, we propose a NO decomposition mechanism on this new catalyst. Plans for the next six months include tests of different pillared clays as well as the catalytic mechanism. The micro reactor will continue to be the key equipment for measuring the catalytic activities. FTIR will continue to be the major technique for identifying surface species and hence understanding the reaction mechanism.

Yang, R.T.; Li, W.B.; Sirilumpen, M.; Tharapiwattananon, N.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Effect of Nanoclay Hydrophilicity on the Poly(lactic acid)/Clay Nanocomposites Properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main objectives of this study were to prepare PLA/nanoclay composites using a melt mixing method and to investigate the effect of the hydrophilicity of nanoclay on the mechanical, rheological, and thermal properties and bulk and surface morphology as well as antimicrobial activity of the PLA-based composite films. ... The surface impact fracture morphology of composites was influenced by the nature of the nanoclay, composites with more hydrophilic nanoclays presenting a more homogeneous surface due to the improved compatibility between PLA and clays. ...

Raluca N. Darie; Elena Pâslaru; Anamaria Sdrobis; Gina M. Pricope; Gabriela E. Hitruc; Antoniea Poiat?; Apostolos Baklavaridis; Cornelia Vasile

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

370

Salient experimental observations on the electroosmotic dewatering (EOD) of clays and sludges and their interpretation  

SciTech Connect

An attempt is made to summarize the salient experimental observations on electroosmotic dewatering (EOD), as reported extensively but diffusely in the previous literature. The effects of the following factors on EOD have been examined: voltage; current magnitude and type (i.e., interrupted or continuous DC); salts; acids; flocculants; clay types; electrode materials, etc. This whole range of experimental data has been encapsulated as thirteen factual observations. The possible theoretical interpretation of each of the thirteen observations is proposed either by developing suitable arguments here or by referring to the author`s previous theoretical papers on the subject.

Vijh, A.K. [Inst. de Recherche d`Hydro-Quebec, Varennes, Quebec (Canada)

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Development of Novel Pillared Clays for the Encapsulation of Inorganic Complexes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main objective of this procedure is to increase the interlayer spacing, allowing the synthesis of materials with larger pore widths than those obtained with the more usual methodology of PILC preparation. ... 20 Nevertheless, these complexes are easy to prepare and characterize and thus can be used as molecular probes for the characterization of matrix porosity and host?guest interactions within the PILC. ... The preparation of materials has involved two main phases:? (i) preparation of a series of the pillared clays and (ii) encapsulation of copper Schiff base complexes in the PILC which has exhibited the most suitable porous system. ...

João Pires; Joana Francisco; Ana Carvalho; M. Brotas de Carvalho; Ana Rosa Silva; Cristina Freire; Baltazar de Castro

2004-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

372

Hydrothermal formation of Clay-Carbonate alteration assemblages in the Nili Fossae region of Mars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars (CRISM) has returned observations of the Nili Fossae region indicating the presence of Mg- carbonate in small (carbonate-bearing units. We applied absorption band mapping techniques to investigate a range of possible phyllosilicate and carbonate minerals that could be present in the Nili Fossae region. We also describe a clay-carbonate hydrothermal alteration mineral assemblage in the Archean Warrawoona Group of Western Australia that is a potential Earth analog to the Nili Fossae carbonate-bearing rock units. We discuss the geological and biological implications for hydrothermal processes on Noachian Mars.

Brown, Adrian J; Baldridge, Alice M; Crowley, James K; Bridges, Nathan T; Thomson, Bradley J; Marion, Giles M; Filho, Carlos R de Souza; Bishop, Janice L

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Soil damping constants related to common soil properties in sands and clays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the Granular Materials Tested 83 V ITA 88 Vii LIST OP TABLES Table. Results of Tests on Ottawa Sand Page 22 Result. s of Tests on Arkansas Sand 23 Results of Tests on Victoria Sand 24 VI VII Error Resulting from Approximations Study of Void Ratio... Sand Nohr's Circle Diagram for Victoria Sand 65 82 N0TATION The following symbols are used in this study: CE 35 EA 62 EA 60 EA 55 EA 50 fps a viscous damping constant, Eall pit sandy clay at an approximate moisture content of 35 percent...

Gibson, Gary Clive

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Quantification of the Interaction of Tc with Dissolved Boom Clay Humic Substances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To elucidate the Tc geochemical behavior in reducing environments relevant to geological disposal and in the presence of humic substances (HS), experiments were set up that resulted for the first time in the determination of an interaction constant for Tc with dissolved humic substances. ... A number of lab-scale Boom Clay (a possible geological underground High-Level Radioactive Waste storage site in Mol, Belgium) batch experiments were set up, combining both different initial Tc(VII) concentrations and different solid/liquid ratios. ... Appendix:? Reactions and Stability Constants for Tc in a Reducing Environment ...

A. Maes; C. Bruggeman; K. Geraedts; J. Vancluysen

2003-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

375

Mick Jagger Explains High Crude Oil Prices How can Mick Jagger of The Rolling Stones help explain the current high crude oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mick Jagger Explains High Crude Oil Prices How can Mick Jagger of The Rolling Stones help explain the current high crude oil price? It does not relate to Mick' short stint at the London School of Economics, the oil industry operates on the same principle, at least in the short run. The industry relies on proven

Ahmad, Sajjad

376

Laying the Foundation for a Genomic Rosetta Stone: Creating Information Hubs through the User of Consensus Idenifiers  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a holistic approach that illustrates how the semantic hurdle for integration of biological databases might be overcome when mapping sources that provide information on individual genes and complete genomes to sources that provide information on the biological resources from which these sequences where derived, and vice versa. In particular we will explain how each of the completed and ongoing whole-genome sequencing projects in the Genomes OnLine Database and each of the ribosomal RNA sequences in the SILVA ribosomal RNA database have been persistently cross-referenced with the StrainInfo.net bioportal, serving both a genome centric and an organism centric view to the life on our blue planet as one more stepping stone towards the establishment of fully integrated and flexible biological information networks.

Van Brabant, Bart; Kyrpides, Nikos; Glockner, Frank Oliver; Gray, Tanya; Field, Dawn; De Vos, Paul; De Baets, Bernard; Dawyndt, Peter

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Effects of boron-nitride substrates on Stone-Wales defect formation in graphene: An ab initio molecular dynamics study  

SciTech Connect

Ab initio molecular dynamics simulations are performed to investigate the effects of a boron nitride (BN) substrate on Stone-Wales (SW) defect formation and recovery in graphene. It is found that SW defects can be created by an off-plane recoil atom that interacts with the BN substrate. A mechanism with complete bond breakage for formation of SW defects in suspended graphene is also revealed for recoils at large displacement angles. In addition, further irradiation can result in recovery of the SW defects through a bond rotation mechanism in both graphene and graphene/BN, and the substrate has little effect on the recovery process. This study indicates that the BN substrate enhances the irradiation resistance of graphene.

Jin, K.; Xiao, H. Y. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States); Zhang, Y. [Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States); Weber, W. J., E-mail: wjweber@utk.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States); Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)

2014-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

378

Clay mineralogy and depositional history of the Frio Formation in two geopressured wells, Brazoria County, Texas  

SciTech Connect

Twenty-three shale samples ranging in depth from 5194 ft to 13,246 ft from Gulf Oil Corporation No. 2 Texas State Lease 53034 well and 33 shale samples ranging in depth from 2185 ft to 15,592 ft from General Crude Oil Company/Department of Energy No. 1 Pleasant Bayou well were examined by x-ray techniques to determine the mineralogy of the geopressured zone in the Brazoria Fairway. Both wells have similar weight-percent trends with depth for a portion of the mineralogy. Calcite decreases, and plagioclase, quartz and total clay increase slightly. Within the clays, illite in mixed-layer illite/smectite (I/S) increases and smectite in mixed-layer I/S decreases. Four minerals have distinctly different trends with depth for each well. In the No. 2 Texas State Lease 53034 well, potassium feldspar and mixed-layer I/S decrease, kaolinite increases, and discrete illite is constant. In the No. 1 Pleasant Bayou well, potassium feldspar and kaolinite are constant, mixed-layer I/S increases, and discrete illite decreases.

Freed, R.L.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

EI Summary of SIC 38  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Instruments (38) All (20-39) Food (20) Textiles (22) Apparel (23) Lumber (24) Furniture (25) Paper (26) Printing (27) Chemicals (28) Refineries (29) Rubber (30) Stone, Clay & Glass(32) Primary Metals (33) Fabricated Metals (34) Machinery (35) Electronic Equipment (36) Miscellaneous Manufacturing (39) Instruments (38) All (20-39) Food (20) Textiles (22) Apparel (23) Lumber (24) Furniture (25) Paper (26) Printing (27) Chemicals (28) Refineries (29) Rubber (30) Stone, Clay & Glass(32) Primary Metals (33) Fabricated Metals (34) Machinery (35) Electronic Equipment (36) Miscellaneous Manufacturing (39) This major group includes establishments engaged in manufacturing instruments (including professional and scientific) for measuring, testing, analyzing, and controlling, and their associated sensors and accessories; optical instruments and lenses; surveying and drafting instruments; hydrological, hydrographic, meteorological, and geophysical equipment; search, detection, navigation, and guidance systems and equipment; surgical, medical, and dental instruments, equipment and supplies; ophthalmic goods; photographic equipment and supplies; and watches and clocks.

380

EI Summary of SIC 35  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Machinery (35) All (20-39) Food (20) Textiles (22) Apparel (23) Lumber (24) Furniture (25) Paper (26) Printing (27) Chemicals (28) Refineries (29) Rubber (30) Stone, Clay & Glass(32) Primary Metals (33) Fabricated Metals (34) Electronic Equipment (36) Instruments (38) Miscellaneous Manufacturing (39) Machinery (35) All (20-39) Food (20) Textiles (22) Apparel (23) Lumber (24) Furniture (25) Paper (26) Printing (27) Chemicals (28) Refineries (29) Rubber (30) Stone, Clay & Glass(32) Primary Metals (33) Fabricated Metals (34) Electronic Equipment (36) Instruments (38) Miscellaneous Manufacturing (39) This major group includes establishments engaged in manufacturing industrial and commercial machinery and equipment, and computers. If you found this information useful, please try... Energy Consumption Use of Energy Electricity Manufacturing Floorspace Prices Energy Storage Energy and Operating Ratios Energy-Management Activities Technology Fuel-Switching Capability Motors Figure on ratio of energy consumed per 1992 constant dollar for SIC 35 Source: Table 12 of this report.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food stone clay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

EI Summary of SIC 26  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Paper (26) All (20-39) Food (20) Textiles (22) Apparel (23) Lumber (24) Furniture (25) Printing (27) Chemicals (28) Refineries (29) Rubber (30) Stone, Clay & Glass(32) Primary Metals (33) Fabricated Metals (34) Machinery (35) Electronic Equipment (36) Instruments (38) Miscellaneous Manufacturing (39) Paper (26) All (20-39) Food (20) Textiles (22) Apparel (23) Lumber (24) Furniture (25) Printing (27) Chemicals (28) Refineries (29) Rubber (30) Stone, Clay & Glass(32) Primary Metals (33) Fabricated Metals (34) Machinery (35) Electronic Equipment (36) Instruments (38) Miscellaneous Manufacturing (39) This major group includes establishments primarily engaged in the manufacture of pulps from wood and other cellulose fibers, and from rags; the manufacture of paper and paperboard; and the manufacture of paper and paperboard into converted products, such as paper coated off the paper machine, paper bags, paper boxes, and envelopes. If you found this information useful, please try... Energy Consumption Use of Energy Electricity Manufacturing Floorspace

382

EI Summary of SIC 24  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Lumber (24) All (20-39) Food (20) Textiles (22) Apparel (23) Furniture (25) Paper (26) Printing (27) Chemicals (28) Refineries (29) Rubber (30) Stone, Clay & Glass(32) Primary Metals (33) Fabricated Metals (34) Machinery (35) Electronic Equipment (36) Instruments (38) Miscellaneous Manufacturing (39) Lumber (24) All (20-39) Food (20) Textiles (22) Apparel (23) Furniture (25) Paper (26) Printing (27) Chemicals (28) Refineries (29) Rubber (30) Stone, Clay & Glass(32) Primary Metals (33) Fabricated Metals (34) Machinery (35) Electronic Equipment (36) Instruments (38) Miscellaneous Manufacturing (39) This major group includes establishments engaged in cutting timber and pulpwood; merchant sawmills, lath mills, and shingle mills, cooperage stock mills, planing mills and plywood and veneer mills engaged in producing lumber and wood basic materials; and establishments engaged in manufacturing finished articles made entirely or mainly of wood or related materials. If you found this information useful, please try... Energy Consumption Use of Energy

383

EI Summary of SIC 39  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Miscellaneous Manufacturing (39) All (20-39) Food (20) Textiles (22) Apparel (23) Lumber (24) Furniture (25) Paper (26) Printing (27) Chemicals (28) Refineries (29) Rubber (30) Stone, Clay & Glass(32) Primary Metals (33) Fabricated Metals (34) Machinery (35) Electronic Equipment (36) Instruments (38) Miscellaneous Manufacturing (39) All (20-39) Food (20) Textiles (22) Apparel (23) Lumber (24) Furniture (25) Paper (26) Printing (27) Chemicals (28) Refineries (29) Rubber (30) Stone, Clay & Glass(32) Primary Metals (33) Fabricated Metals (34) Machinery (35) Electronic Equipment (36) Instruments (38) This major group includes establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing products not classified in any other manufacturing major group. If you found this information useful, please try... Energy Consumption Use of Energy Electricity Manufacturing Floorspace Prices Energy Storage Energy and Operating Ratios Energy-Management Activities Technology Fuel-Switching Capability Motors Figure on ratio of energy consumed per 1992 constant dollar for SIC 39 Source: Table 12 of this report.

384

EI Summary of SIC 33  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Primary Metals (33) All (20-39) Food (20) Textiles (22) Apparel (23) Lumber (24) Furniture (25) Paper (26) Printing (27) Chemicals (28) Refineries (29) Rubber (30) Stone, Clay & Glass(32) Fabricated Metals (34) Machinery (35) Electronic Equipment (36) Instruments (38) Miscellaneous Manufacturing (39) Primary Metals (33) All (20-39) Food (20) Textiles (22) Apparel (23) Lumber (24) Furniture (25) Paper (26) Printing (27) Chemicals (28) Refineries (29) Rubber (30) Stone, Clay & Glass(32) Fabricated Metals (34) Machinery (35) Electronic Equipment (36) Instruments (38) Miscellaneous Manufacturing (39) This major group includes establishments engaged in smelting and refining ferrous and nonferrous metals from ore, pig, or scrap; in rolling, drawing, and alloying metals; in manufacturing castings and other basic metal products; and in manufacturing nails, spikes, and insulated wire and cable. If you found this information useful, please try... Energy Consumption Use of Energy Electricity Manufacturing Floorspace Prices Energy Storage Energy and Operating Ratios

385

EI Summary of All Manufacturing SIC  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

All (20-39) Food (20) Textiles (22) Apparel (23) Lumber (24) Furniture (25) Paper (26) Printing (27) Chemicals (28) Refineries (29) Rubber (30) Stone, Clay & Glass(32) Primary Metals (33) Fabricated Metals (34) Machinery (35) Electronic Equipment (36) Instruments (38) Miscellaneous Manufacturing (39) All (20-39) Food (20) Textiles (22) Apparel (23) Lumber (24) Furniture (25) Paper (26) Printing (27) Chemicals (28) Refineries (29) Rubber (30) Stone, Clay & Glass(32) Primary Metals (33) Fabricated Metals (34) Machinery (35) Electronic Equipment (36) Instruments (38) Miscellaneous Manufacturing (39) The manufacturing sector includes establishments engaged in the mechanical or chemical transformation of materials or substances into new products. These operations are generally conducted in facilities described as plants, factories, or mills, while characteristically using power-driven machines and material-handling equipment. Manufacturing also includes such activities as the assembly of components of manufactured products and the blending of materials, such as lubricating oil, plastics, resins, or liquors.

386

EI Summary of SIC 29  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Refineries (29) All (20-39) Food (20) Textiles (22) Apparel (23) Lumber (24) Furniture (25) Paper (26) Printing (27) Chemicals (28) Rubber (30) Stone, Clay & Glass(32) Primary Metals (33) Fabricated Metals (34) Machinery (35) Electronic Equipment (36) Instruments (38) Miscellaneous Manufacturing (39) Refineries (29) All (20-39) Food (20) Textiles (22) Apparel (23) Lumber (24) Furniture (25) Paper (26) Printing (27) Chemicals (28) Rubber (30) Stone, Clay & Glass(32) Primary Metals (33) Fabricated Metals (34) Machinery (35) Electronic Equipment (36) Instruments (38) Miscellaneous Manufacturing (39) This major group includes establishments primarily engaged in petroleum refining, manufacturing paving and roofing materials, and compounding lubricating oils and greases from purchased materials. If you found this information useful, please try... Energy Consumption Use of Energy Electricity Manufacturing Floorspace Prices Energy Storage Energy and Operating Ratios Energy-Management Activities Technology Fuel-Switching Capability Motors Figure on ratio of energy consumed per 1992 constant dollar for SIC 29

387

Energy-Related Carbon Emissions in Manufacturing  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Energy-Related Carbon Emissions Energy Energy-Related Carbon Emissions Detailed Energy-Related Carbon Emissions All Industry Groups 1994 emissions Selected Industries Petroleum refining Chemicals Iron & Steel Paper Food Stone, clay and glass Methodological Details Estimation methods Glossary Return to: Energy and GHG Analysis Efficiency Page Energy Use in Manufacturing Energy-Related Carbon Emissions in Manufacturing Manufacturing, which accounts for about 80 percent of industrial energy consumption, also accounts for about 80 percent of industrial energy-related carbon emissions. (Agriculture, mining, forestry, and fisheries account for the remaining 20 percent.) In 1994, three industries, petroleum, chemicals, and primary metals, emitted almost 60 percent of the energy-related carbon in manufacturing. The next three largest emitters (paper, food, and the stone, glass, and clay products industry) produced an additional 22 percent of the energy-related manufacturing emissions (Figure 1).

388

Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for hot food holding cabinets, which are covered by the ENERGY STAR program.

389

Food Safety for Tailgate Parties and Picnics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cannot store them properly. Wrap hot casseroles in several layers of alu- minum foil, followed by newspapers and a towel. Or, use insulated containers. Hot casseroles should be served within 2 hours. Cold foods can be transported in an ice chest with ice... or cold packs to keep the foods below 40 degrees F. Pack the food in shallow containers and pre-chill them before placing them in the ice chest. Keep sandwiches cold or eat them within 2 hours. Watch the clock on ready-to-serve and fast food, too. Fried...

Van Laanen, Peggy

2001-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

390

GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR SERVING SAFE FOOD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to contamination by sneezing or coughing. · Dispose of any food that has been out for more than 2 hours. When

391

Redox Properties of Structural Fe in Clay Minerals. 1. Electrochemical Quantification of Electron-Donating and -Accepting Capacities of Smectites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Fe2+/Fe3+ redox couple is an important redox buffer in the environment that affects biogeochemical element and nutrient cycling and controls the partitioning and redox transformations of organic and inorganic contaminants. ... (14-18) These changes can alter the fate and (bio)availability of redox-inactive contaminants and nutrients (e.g., K+, Ca2+)(18) as well as dictate the viability of clay minerals in engineered systems (e.g., clay mineral backfill in radioactive waste repositories). ... In this approach, an electrochemical cell containing a pH-buffered solution is set to a constant EH-value while the current is measured over time. ...

Christopher A. Gorski; Michael Aeschbacher; Daniela Soltermann; Andreas Voegelin; Bart Baeyens; Maria Marques Fernandes; Thomas B. Hofstetter; Michael Sander

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

392

Growth of Iron(III)-Reducing Bacteria on Clay Minerals as the Sole Electron Acceptor and Comparison of Growth Yields on a Variety of Oxidized Iron Forms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...was used which was isolated from the anoxic sediments of Lake Oneida, NY, and has been the subject of many physiological and genetic...2-mum fraction of the ferruginous smectite SWa-1 from Grant County, Wash. (Source Clays Repository, The Clay Minerals Society...

Joel E. Kostka; Dava D. Dalton; Hayley Skelton; Sherry Dollhopf; Joseph W. Stucki

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

(Data in thousand metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1996, clays were produced in most States except Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

46 CLAYS (Data in thousand metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use% kiln furniture, 6% fiberglass, 4% paint, and 3% rubber; ball clay--25% floor and wall tile, 21 Statistics--United States: 1992 1993 1994 1995 19961 e Production, mine: Kaolin 8,740 8,830 8,770 9,480 9

394

Influence of the Operating Parameters on the Selective Catalytic Reduction of NO with Hydrocarbons Using Cu-Ion-Exchanged Titanium-Pillared Interlayer Clays (Ti-PILCs)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

General Ti-PILC Characterization. Figure 1 shows the XRD patterns of the parent Ti-PILC calcined at different temperatures and of the original clay. ... Figure 1 X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns for the Ti-PILC catalyst calcined at different temperatures. ... Figure 2 N2 adsorption?desorption isotherms for the Ti-PILC catalyst and the original clay. ...

José L. Valverde; Antonio de Lucas; Fernando Dorado; Amaya Romero; Prado B. García

2005-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

395

Effect of Residence Time on Ni-Sorption Mechanisms on Clay and Oxide Minerals: An X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (XAFS) Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effect of Residence Time on Ni-Sorption Mechanisms on Clay and Oxide Minerals: An X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (XAFS) Study A. M. Scheidegger and G. M. Lamble Metal sorption on clay and oxide in reaction rate has been attributed to metal sorption onto sites of lower reactivity, diffusion

Sparks, Donald L.

396

The availability of healthy food options in fast food outlets in six rural counties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2006 Major Subject: Nutrition THE AVAILABILITY OF HEALTHY FOOD OPTIONS IN FAST FOOD OUTLETS IN SIX RURAL COUNTIES A Thesis by JENNIFER SUE CREEL Submitted... Anding Chair of Nutrition Faculty, Nancy Turner December 2006 Major Subject: Nutrition iii ABSTRACT The Availability of Healthy Food Options in Fast Food Outlets in Six Rural Counties. (December 2006) Jennifer Sue...

Creel, Jennifer Sue

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

397

E:FoodEngineering&PhysicalProperties JFS E: Food Engineering and Physical Properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E:FoodEngineering&PhysicalProperties JFS E: Food Engineering and Physical Properties Classification in the type of starch modification were mainly related to the following properties: permeability, solubility years, both in terms of materials and processes. The use of plastic materials in food packaging

Ferreira, Márcia M. C.

398

APPLIED BIOLOGY 360 ~ FOOD & ENVIRONMENT II (Agroecology II) Faculty of Land and Food Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: APBI 360 uses a systems approach to investigate the functions and interactions of plants and animals/ 204 pp Gliessman, S.R. 2007. Agroecology ­ The Ecology of Sustainable Food Systems. Second Edition1 APPLIED BIOLOGY 360 ~ FOOD & ENVIRONMENT II (Agroecology II) Faculty of Land and Food Systems

Farrell, Anthony P.

399

Effect of Potassium on Uptake of 137Cs in Food Crops Grown on Coral Soils: Annual Crops at Bikini Atoll  

SciTech Connect

In 1954 a radioactive plume from the thermonuclear device code named BRAVO contaminated the principal residential islands, Eneu and Bikini, of Bikini Atoll (11{sup o} 36 minutes N; 165{sup o} 22 minutes E), now part of the Republic of the Marshall Islands. The resulting soil radioactivity diminished greatly over the three decades before the studies discussed below began. By that time the shorter-lived isotopes had all but disappeared, but strontium-90 ({sup 90}Sr), and cesium-137, ({sup 137}Cs) were reduced by only one half-life. Minute amounts of the long-lived isotopes, plutonium-239+240 ({sup 239+240}Pu) and americium-241 ({sup 241}Am), were present in soil, but were found to be inconsequential in the food chain of humans and land animals. Rather, extensive studies demonstrated that the major concern for human health was {sup 137}Cs in the terrestrial food chain (Robison et al., 1983; Robison et al., 1997). The following papers document results from several studies between 1986 and 1997 aimed at minimizing the {sup 137}Cs content of annual food crops. The existing literature on radiocesium in soils and plant uptake is largely a consequence of two events: the worldwide fallout of 1952-58, and the fallout from Chernobyl. The resulting studies have, for the most part, dealt either with soils containing some amount of silicate clays and often with appreciable K, or with the short-term development of plants in nutrient cultures.

Stone, E R; Robinson, W

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Electrotechnologies and Industrial Pollution Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

techno logy 20 Food Prods. 22 Textile Prods. SIC 26 28 Pulp & Chemi- Paper cals 29 Petrol. Prods. 32 Stone, Clay, & Glass Electric drives " " Induction heating " " Direct resistance heating " Freeze concen tration Membrane..., June 19-20, 1990 Electric drives: The substitution of electric motor drives, in many cases with variable-frequency speed controls, for combustion-engine driven equipment is receiving increasing attention, particularly in large fluid handling...

Schmidt, P. S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food stone clay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

NDHA REQUIREMENTS FOR FCNS 320 Quantity Food Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of practical food service work experience. CERTIFICATION & TB TEST GUIDELINES Food Sanitation CertificateNDHA REQUIREMENTS FOR FCNS 320 ­ Quantity Food Production OVERVIEW State Of Illinois Food) Skin Test Verification of 100 Hours Completed Work Experience in Food Production Verification

Kostic, Milivoje M.

402

TEMPORARY FOOD SERVICE WORKER UNIVERSITY HOUSING & DINING SERVICES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PART-TIME TEMPORARY FOOD SERVICE WORKER UNIVERSITY HOUSING & DINING SERVICES WAGE $11.08 / HOUR Description The Food Service Worker 2 performs a variety of routine and semiroutine food service activities such as preparing, cooking, and serving simple foods in a volume dining or food service facility. Position Summary

Escher, Christine

403

Cat under Food and Water Stress  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Asimikas Asimikas Status: other Grade: other Location: Outside U.S. Country: USA Date: N/A Question: How long can a domestic cat live without food, and drink water only? Replies: Asimikas, If at all possible, attempt to coax food into the cat by mixing wet cat food with water until 'soupy', and use a syringe to inject food into the back of the cat's mouth. The cat probably won't like this, but if you try repeatedly and with gentle firmness, you may successfully get food into the feline. From observing a case as a veterinary assistant, a cat refusing solid food can go several days on water alone. Then, the cat generally begins to refuse water as well and there is a noticeable gauntness about the body shape of the cat. The skin on the back, for example, when gently pinched will not quickly spring back to laying flat as it should --- this indicates serious dehydration on a subcutaneous level, indicating the cat needs an IV to get fluids in quickly before organ failure etc. Again, this is the general series of events I observed in a vet's office when a cat was brought in, having refused food for more than a few days. A vet should definitely be contacted if a feline has refused food for two consecutive days or more.

404

Global Food Security Programme Exploring public views  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global Food Security Programme ­ Exploring public views #12;©TNS June 2012 -1- Executive Summary significant public policy issues of this century. This scoping study for the Global Food Security programme. The project involved a total of 44 people in a two stage workshop process in London, Edinburgh and Aberystwyth

405

The food consumption of the world's seabirds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...May 2004 research-article The food consumption of the world's seabirds M. de L...provisional estimate of their annual food consumption. Knowing the body mass and energy density...equations to estimate daily and hence annual consumption of a seabird. Using this approach...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

The Nexus of Food, Energy, and Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy conversion from solar energy to food products is inherently inefficient. ... Conversion of that biomass to food by feeding animals compounds the inefficiency, because only 5–10% of feed is converted to edible beef. ... In addition to these macroconcerns, producers must consider fertilization and pest management, focusing on the sustainable environmental factors as well as energy resources for production of the chemicals. ...

John W. Finley; James N. Seiber

2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

407

Fast Food with Slow Cookers SESSION GOALS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fast Food with Slow Cookers SESSION GOALS: Participants will learn how to use a slow cooker to help cooker. SESSION OBJECTIVES: By participating in today's session, participants will be able to: 1. Demonstrate an understanding of key food safety principles when using a slow cooker. 2. Prepare more

408

A single hardening elasto-plastic model for Kaolin clay with loading-history-dependent plastic potential function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A single hardening elasto-plastic model for Kaolin clay with loading-history- dependent plastic and failure criteria are found to be strongly dependent on the principal stress rotation angle () and plastic work. A unique plastic potential function determined solely by the current stress state

Prashant, Amit

409

Stable isotope geochemistry of sulfur bearing minerals and clay mineralogy of some soils and sediments in Loot Desert, central Iran  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and sediments in Loot Desert, central Iran M.H. Farpoor a, , H.R. Krouse b a Soil Sci. Dept., Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Bahonar Univ. of Kerman, Kerman, Iran b Department of Physics and Astronomy, the Univ technique and clay mineralogy were studied in different landforms in Loot Desert, central Iran. Four

Ahmad, Sajjad

410

Ni Sorption/Release on Soil Clay Fractions A Kinetic and EXAFS Study D. R. Roberts, and A. M. Scheidegger  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ni Sorption/Release on Soil Clay Fractions A Kinetic and EXAFS Study D. R. Roberts, and A. M is necessary to successfully determine their fate in the environment. Mechanisms of metal sorption reactions approach. However, it is necessary to understand metal sorption mechanisms on natural, mixed systems

Sparks, Donald L.

411

Environ. Sci. Technol. 1994,28,2330-2335 Sorption of Pentachlorophenol to HDTMA-Clay as a Function of Ionic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environ. Sci. Technol. 1994,28,2330-2335 Sorption of Pentachlorophenol to HDTMA-Clay as a Function oradeprotonated species. The objectivesof this studywere to determine differences in the sorption and solubility of the two species and to model the sorption as a function of pH. We developed a modelthatdescribed

Sparks, Donald L.

412

EUROPIUM RETENTION ONTO CLAY MINERALS FROM 25 TO 150C: EXPERIMENTAL MEASUREMENTS, SPECTROSCOPIC FEATURES AND SORPTION MODELLING.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FEATURES AND SORPTION MODELLING. Tertre E.1,2 , Berger G.1 , Simoni E.3 , Castet S.1 , Giffaut E.2 , Loubet.Tertre@univ-lille1.fr Keywords: europium, sorption, clays, experimental, temperature, Time-Resolved Laser Fluorescence Spectroscopy (TRLFS) #12;2 Abstract The sorption of Eu (III) onto kaolinite and montmorillonite

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

413

99 Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Geology Today,Vol. 24, No. 3, MayJune 2008 Clay as sealing material in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

99© Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Geology Today,Vol. 24, No. 3, May­June 2008 FEATURE Feature Clay of the initial uranium or plutonium fuel and the products of their decay. The radioactivity of this mixture for at least a hundred thousand years, when its radioactivity will reach that of natural uranium. The most

Kammer, Thomas

414

Microsoft Word - Clay Memo PMC Coburn Obama 11_9_06.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

November 9, 2006 MEMORANDUM FOR THE PRESIDENT'S MANAGEMENT COUNCIL FROM: Clay Johnson Deputy Director for Management SUBJECT: Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act (Pub. L. No. 109-282) Implementation This memorandum establishes an interagency task force to ensure effective implementation of the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act (the Act). I have asked OMB Associate Director for Management Robert Shea to lead the task force. The first meeting of the task force will take place on Thursday, November 16, 2006 at 2:00 p.m. in Room 248 of the Old Executive Office Building. Please appoint a senior level official from your agency that can contribute to the development of the website required by the Act as well as

415

Adsorption of probe molecules in pillared interlayered clays: Experiment and computer simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we investigate the adsorption of various probe molecules in order to characterize the porous structure of a series of pillared interlayered clays (PILC). To that aim volumetric and microcalorimetric adsorption experiments were performed on various Zr PILC samples using nitrogen toluene and mesitylene as probe molecules. For one of the samples neutron scattering experiments were also performed using toluene as adsorbate. Various structural models are proposed and tested by means of a comprehensive computer simulation study using both geometric and percolation analysis in combination with Grand Canonical Monte Carlo simulations in order to model the volumetric and microcalorimetric isotherms. On the basis of this analysis we propose a series of structural models that aim at accounting for the adsorption experimental behavior and make possible a microscopic interpretation of the role played by the different interactions and steric effects in the adsorption processes in these rather complex disordered microporous systems.

A. Gallardo; J. M. Guil; E. Lomba; N. G. Almarza

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

PILLARED CLAYS AS SUPERIOR CATALYSTS FOR SELECTIVE CATALYTIC REDUCTION OF NITRIC OXIDE  

SciTech Connect

Removal of NO{sub x} (NO + NO{sub 2}) from exhaust gases is a challenging subject. V{sub 2}O{sub 5}-based catalysts are commercial catalysts for selective catalytic reduction (SCR) with NH{sub 3} for stationary sources. However, for diesel and lean-burn gasoline engines in vehicles, hydrocarbons would be the preferred reducing agents over NH{sub 3} because of the practical problems associated with the use of NH{sub 3} (i.e., handling and slippage through the reactor). The noble-metal three-way catalysts are not effective under these conditions. The first catalyst found to be active for selective catalytic reduction of NO by hydrocarbons in the presence of excess oxygen was copper exchanged ZSM-5 and other zeolites, reported in 1990 by Iwamoto in Japan and Held et al. in Germany. Although Cu-ZSM-5 is very active and the most intensively studied catalyst, it suffers from severe deactivation in engine tests, mainly due to H{sub 2}O and SO{sub 2}. In this project, we found that ion-exchanged pillared clays and MCM-41 catalysts showed superior SCR activities of NO with hydrocarbon. All Cu{sup 2+}-exchanged pillared clays showed higher SCR activities than Cu-ZSM-5 reported in the literature. In particular, H{sub 2}O and SO{sub 2} only slightly deactivated the SCR activity of Cu-TiO{sub 2}-PILC, whereas severe deactivation was observed for Cu-ZSM-5. Moreover, Pt/MCM-41 provided the highest specific NO reduction rates as compared with other Pt doped catalysts, i.e., Pt/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, Pt/SiO{sub 2} and Pt/ZSM-5. The Pt/MCM-41 catalyst also showed a good stability in the presence of H{sub 2}O and SO{sub 2}.

R.Q. Long; N. Tharappiwattananon; W.B. Li; R.T. Yang

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Extending the cereus group genomics to putative food-borne pathogens of different toxicity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and from a B. cereus food-poisoning strain. Microbiology.Enterotoxigenic profiles of food- poisoning and food- bornecause diarrheic or emetic food poisoning outbreaks. Multiple

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Soils of Bell, Jefferson, Smith, Taylor and Webb Counties.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conditions in addition to the fertility of the soil. The corn possibility is a convenient way of comparing the deficiency of various plant foods in the soil. For exam ple, with the Abilene clay of Bell County, the corn possibility for active phosphoric... acid is 12, for active potash 120, and for total nitrogen 38. The soil is probably deficient first in phosphoric acid, and then in nitro gen; and it is much less likely to be deficient in potash. In a lime stone soil like the Abilene clay...

Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1922-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Increasing the Consumption of Whole Grain Foods in School Meals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nutritious meals in their cafeterias, while maintaining customer acceptance of the foods. Whether or not students consume whole grains determines if these foods are served again. Input from participants determined which whole grain were foods tested...

Warren, Cynthia Ann

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

420

An Energy Conservation Program in the Food Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AN ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM IN THE FOOD INDUSTRY Carl T. Farner General Foods Corporation White Plains, General Foods Corporation is one of the largest food manufacturing companies in the United States. It's brand names are well known..., covering a wide range of food products. Maxwell House coffee, Post cereals, Birds Eye frozen vegetables, Jell-O desserts and Kool-Aid powdered drink mixes are some of the more prominent ones. The company also manufactures some food ingredients...

Farner, C. T.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food stone clay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

New Food-Addiction Link Found  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

May 20, 2002 May 20, 2002 Electronic newsroom 02-40 New Food-Addiction Link Found Mere sight/smell of food spikes levels of brain “pleasure” chemical UPTON, NY — Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory have found that the mere display of food — where food-deprived subjects are allowed to smell and taste their favorite foods without actually eating them — causes a significant elevation in brain dopamine, a neurotransmitter associated with feelings of pleasure and reward. This activation of the brain’s dopamine motivation circuits is distinct from the role the brain chemical plays when people actually eat, and may be similar to what addicts experience when craving drugs. “Eating is a highly reinforcing behavior, just like taking illicit drugs,” said psychiatrist Nora Volkow, the study’s lead investigator. “But this is the first time anyone has shown that the dopamine system can be triggered by food when there is no pleasure associated with it since the subjects don’t eat the food. This provides us with new clues about the mechanisms that lead people to eat other than just for the pleasure of eating, and in this respect may help us understand why some people overeat.” The study will appear in the June 1, 2002 issue of Synapse (now available online ).

422

Defining food literacy and its components  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Food literacy has emerged as a term to describe the everyday practicalities associated with healthy eating. The term is increasingly used in policy, practice, research and by the public; however, there is no shared understanding of its meaning. The purpose of this research was to develop a definition of food literacy which was informed by the identification of its components. This was considered from two perspectives: that of food experts which aimed to reflect the intention of existing policy and investment, and that of individuals, who could be considered experts in the everyday practicalities of food provisioning and consumption. Given that food literacy is likely to be highly contextual, this second study focused on disadvantaged young people living in an urban area who were responsible for feeding themselves. The Expert Study used a Delphi methodology (round one n = 43). The Young People’s Study used semi-structured, life-course interviews (n = 37). Constructivist Grounded Theory was used to analyse results. This included constant comparison of data within and between studies. From this, eleven components of food literacy were identified which fell into the domains of: planning and management; selection; preparation; and eating. These were used to develop a definition for the term “food literacy”.

Helen Anna Vidgen; Danielle Gallegos

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Flexible Distributed Energy and Water from Waste for the Food...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Flexible Distributed Energy and Water from Waste for the Food and Beverage Industry - Fact Sheet, 2014 Flexible Distributed Energy and Water from Waste for the Food and Beverage...

424

Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry -...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry - Presentation by Frito-Lay North America, June 2011 Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry -...

425

Essays in Food Demand and Production in Mexico.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Food consumption patterns in Mexico have changed rapidly in recent years, mainly due to the rapid growth in the food industry, a more dynamic international… (more)

Mejia, Maria D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Factors influencing food intake of Hispanic children  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The diets of Hispanic children are high in fat and low in fruits and vegetables, which may contribute to their high rates of obesity. Research has revealed that environmental factors, such as household structure, family attitudes towards food and the social context of food messages influence children's food intake. Ethnicity or level of acculturation in Hispanic families may moderate these relationships, but additional research is needed to more fully understand the effects of the process of acculturation on children's diets. More importantly, intervention research is needed to develop and implement programs that may be used to shape public health practice and policies.

Donna Matheson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Adsorption of Volatile Organic Compounds in Pillared Clays:? Estimation of the Separation Factor by a Method Derived from the Dubinin?Radushkevich Equation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Figure 1 Adsorption isotherms (nitrogen at 77 K and other vapors at 298 K) in the aluminum oxide pillared clay (Al-PILC). ... Figure 2 Adsorption isotherms (nitrogen at 77 K and other vapors at 298 K) in the zirconium oxide pillared clay (Zr-PILC). ... Figure 3 Separation factors versus coverage for the aluminum oxide pillared clay (Al-PILC) with the values of ? estimated from the parachors (closed symbols) or the molar polarizations (open symbols) using benzene (squares) or carbon tetrachloride (triangles) as standard vapor. ...

João Pires; Moisés L. Pinto; Ana Carvalho; M. B. de Carvalho

2003-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

428

Performance analysis of boron nitride embedded armchair graphene nanoribbon metal–oxide–semiconductor field effect transistor with Stone Wales defects  

SciTech Connect

We study the performance of a hybrid Graphene-Boron Nitride armchair nanoribbon (a-GNR-BN) n-MOSFET at its ballistic transport limit. We consider three geometric configurations 3p, 3p + 1, and 3p + 2 of a-GNR-BN with BN atoms embedded on either side (2, 4, and 6 BN) on the GNR. Material properties like band gap, effective mass, and density of states of these H-passivated structures are evaluated using the Density Functional Theory. Using these material parameters, self-consistent Poisson-Schrodinger simulations are carried out under the Non Equilibrium Green's Function formalism to calculate the ballistic n-MOSFET device characteristics. For a hybrid nanoribbon of width ?5?nm, the simulated ON current is found to be in the range of 265??A–280??A with an ON/OFF ratio 7.1 × 10{sup 6}–7.4 × 10{sup 6} for a V{sub DD}?=?0.68?V corresponding to 10?nm technology node. We further study the impact of randomly distributed Stone Wales (SW) defects in these hybrid structures and only 2.5% degradation of ON current is observed for SW defect density of 3.18%.

Chanana, Anuja; Sengupta, Amretashis; Mahapatra, Santanu [Nano Scale Device Research Laboratory, Department of Electronic Systems Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012 (India)

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

429

Assessing the knowledge, attitudes and practices of street food vendors in the City of Johannesburg regarding food hygiene and safety .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study is aimed to assess the extent of street food vendor information and education on food safety. Aim: To determine the knowledge, attitudes and… (more)

Campbell, Penelope Tracy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food Drive  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food Drive Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food Drive Provides 640 Turkeys to People in Need Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food Drive Provides 640 Turkeys to People in Need November 26, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Volunteers from West Valley Demonstration Project gather before distributing items collected in an annual food drive. Volunteers from West Valley Demonstration Project gather before distributing items collected in an annual food drive. Volunteer John Schelble helps unload a delivery truck at a food pantry. Volunteer John Schelble helps unload a delivery truck at a food pantry. John Rizzo passes canned food to John Rendall to deliver to a food pantry. John Rizzo passes canned food to John Rendall to deliver to a food pantry.

431

Global Food Security | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Food Security Global Food Security aWhere aWhere transforms how global development initiatives are managed and monitored. aWhere's location intelligence data management platform enables integration of complex agricultural, environmental and public health data into local, actionable insight. Application URL: http://www.awhere.com/en-us Read more about aWhere 0 comment(s) | Food Frequency Method Online A fast, low cost, effective method to assess micro-nutrient deficiencies in a developing country on a household basis, while also allowing for an aggregation to a community or regional basis quickly and effectively. Application URL: http://www.foodfrequencyonline.org/index Read more about Food Frequency Method Online 0 comment(s) | e-Afghan AG e-Afghan Ag provides credible relevant information to those helping farmers

432

West Pico Food | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pico Food Pico Food Jump to: navigation, search Name West Pico Food Place Vernon, California Sector Solar Product A distributor of wholesale frozen foods to supermarket chains in Southern California, which has had a solar installation built on its roof. Coordinates 42.761624°, -72.511495° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.761624,"lon":-72.511495,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

433

Collaborate - Food Community | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collaborate - Food Community Collaborate - Food Community Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture Collaborate This Food, Agriculture, and Rural Community establishes a unified point of access to data and statistics, and tools to identify relevant data sets. Providing researchers and other users of data and statistics with authoritative, high quality sources will realize greater benefits from public research, help to coordinate effort and reduce duplication in scientific investigation, and reveal new connections for innovative uses. It is hoped that this community will foster the development of new applications and tools to improve agricultural production, human health and nutrition, environmental benefits, and global food security and poverty

434

Mathematics: Food, Soil, Water, Air, Free Speech  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, you should take note that it has an "Achilles heel;" it runs on fossil fuel. Fossil fuel supplies anything to do with health or disease, there is a definite pattern that has come to dominate the "food

Russo, Bernard

435

Mycotoxins in Feed and Food Crops.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

" , , ,., ":i: : ?. MYCOTOXINS IN FEED fu~D FOOD CROPS Prepared by James M. Armstrong, Extension Project Leader in Veterinary Medicine and Veterinarian (Livestock Health) John E. Bremer, Extension Agronomist Dennis B. Herd, Extension Beef Cattle...

Armstrong, James M.; Herb, Dennis B.; Bremer, John E.; Horne, C. Wendell; Thomas, William B.; Thornberry, Fred D.; Tripp, Leland D.; White, Thomas H.; Withers, Richard E.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Trade My Food | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trade My Food Trade My Food Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Trade My Food Agency/Company /Organization: Boston Cleanweb Hackathon Focus Area: Agriculture, Food Supply Phase: Evaluate Options Resource Type: Application prototype User Interface: Website Website: hackerleague.org/hackathons/boston-cleanweb-hackathon/hacks/trade-my-f Country: USA Web Application Link: www.FoodForYouFoodFor.Me Cost: Free OpenEI Keyword(s): Cleanweb Hackathon, Boston, Community Generated UN Region: Northern America Coordinates: 42.3490737°, -71.0481764° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.3490737,"lon":-71.0481764,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

437

Highly exfoliated eco-friendly thermoplastic starch (TPS)/poly (lactic acid)(PLA)/clay nanocomposites using unmodified nanoclay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Highly exfoliated, biodegradable thermoplastic starch (TPS)/polylactic acid (PLA)/sodium montmorillonite (NaMMT) nanocomposites were prepared by an eco-friendly approach, involving in-situ gelatinization of potato starch in presence of dispersed nanoclay followed by melt mixing with PLA. The morphological analysis revealed that the NaMMT was selectively dispersed into the TPS in a highly delaminated manner. An increase in mechanical as well as thermomechanical properties was evident in the presence of PLA and more influenced in the presence of clay. The water absorption was significantly decreased in the presence of PLA (?8%) itself and both PLA and clay (?8–12%) in the nanocomposites. The improved mechanical properties along with its biodegradability might lead to a new green material in the area of packaging.

Ayana B.; Supratim Suin; B.B. Khatua

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Damage initiation and propagation assessed from stress-induced microseismic events during a mine-by test in the Opalinus Clay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......facies-sandy and shaly-both anisotropic and with contrasting mechanical...study of brittle behavior of clay shale in rapid triaxial compression...acoustic investigation of a damaged anisotropic shale during a gallery excavation. Int......

Y. Le Gonidec; J. Sarout; J. Wassermann; C. Nussbaum

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Phosphomolybdic acid dispersed in Al-pillared clay (PMA/Al-PILC) as heterogeneous catalyst for the benign synthesis of benzoxanthenes under solvent free conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Phosphomolybdic acid dispersed in the micropores of Al-pillared clay (PMA/Al-PILC) was prepared by the impregnation method and ... found to be retained in the PMA/Al-PILC catalyst which displays high surface area...

Mallari A. Naik; S. Samantaray…

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Values of Mineral Modulus of Clay Manika Prasad, Ronny Hofmann, Mike Batzle, Colorado School of Mines; M. Kopycinska-Mller, U. Rabe, and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the atomic force microscope (AFM) technique and its principles are described in details elsewhere (Rabe et associated with elastic properties measurements of clay minerals with standard pulse transmission techniques

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food stone clay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

REVIEW ARTICLE Transforum system innovation towards sustainable food.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REVIEW ARTICLE Transforum system innovation towards sustainable food. A review Arnout R. H. Fischer in the agri-food sector are needed to create a sustainable food supply. Sustainable food supply requires evolutionary rather than revolutionary changes to reshaping institutions. Measuring sustainability is possible

Boyer, Edmond

442

UC SANTA BARBARA POLICY AND PROCEDURE Interim Food Service Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UC SANTA BARBARA POLICY AND PROCEDURE Interim Food Service Policy Contact: Environmental Health & Safety or Housing and Auxiliary Services Supersedes: Food Services Interim Policy 6005, February 2001 Technical Update: June 2010 Pages: 2 Interim Food Service Policy I. Scope The Interim Food Service Policy

Bigelow, Stephen

443

Our Local Story SU Food Services recognizes the positive environmental  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our Local Story SU Food Services recognizes the positive environmental and economic impact comes from local dairies. By buying these local products, Food Services is sup- porting local farmers Paper ­ paper products, food service supplies Madina Halal Meat & Grocery Store ­ Halal foods Mimi

Mather, Patrick T.

444

Analysing the Carbon Footprint of Food Insights for Consumer Communication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Contents List of Publications 7 Abbreviations 9 1 Introduction 11 1.1 Climate change and the foodAnalysing the Carbon Footprint of Food Insights for Consumer Communication Elin Röös Faculty of Food. Insights for Consumer Communication. Abstract In Europe, food consumption is responsible

445

Development and Features EatSafe: Modular Portable Food Sensor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The convenience of the EatSafe Sensor allows for this. PRONE TO FOOD-POISONING Seniors, children, pregnant womenDevelopment and Features EatSafe: Modular Portable Food Sensor ECE-Rady Design Competition FOOD INDUSTRY Every year >76 million people become sick from the consumption of contaminated food. PACKAGING

California at San Diego, University of

446

Bisphenol A (BPA) in U.S. Food  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bisphenol A (BPA) in U.S. Food ... This is the first report of BPA in U.S. fresh food, canned food, and food in plastic packaging and found most samples were contaminated with BPA. ... Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical used for lining metal cans and in polycarbonate plastics, such as baby bottles. ...

Arnold Schecter; Noor Malik; Darrah Haffner; Sarah Smith; T. Robert Harris; Olaf Paepke; Linda Birnbaum

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Innovative Carbon Dioxide Sequestration from Flue Gas Using an In-Duct Scrubber Coupled with Alkaline Clay Mineralization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Innovative Carbon Dioxide Sequestration Innovative Carbon Dioxide Sequestration from Flue Gas Using an In-Duct Scrubber Coupled with Alkaline Clay Mineralization Background The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is leading an effort to find novel approaches to reduce carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions from industrial sources. The Industrial Carbon Capture and Sequestration (ICCS) program is funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) to encourage development of processes that

448

Geohydromechanical Processes in the Excavation Damaged Zone in Crystalline Rock, Rock Salt, and Indurated and Plastic Clays  

SciTech Connect

The creation of an excavation disturbed zone or excavation damaged zone is expected around all man-made openings in geologic formations. Macro- and micro-fracturing, and in general a redistribution of in situ stresses and rearrangement of rock structures, will occur in this zone, resulting in drastic changes of permeability to flow, mainly through the fractures and cracks induced by excavation. Such an EDZ may have significant implications for the operation and long-term performance of an underground nuclear waste repository. Various issues of concern need to be evaluated, such as processes creating fractures in the excavation damaged zone, the degree of permeability increase, and the potential for sealing or healing (with permeability reduction) in the zone. In recent years, efforts along these lines have been made for a potential repository in four rock types-crystalline rock, salt, indurated clay, and plastic clay-and these efforts have involved field, laboratory, and theoretical studies. The present work involves a synthesis of the ideas and issues that emerged from presentations and discussions on EDZ in these four rock types at a CLUSTER Conference and Workshop held in Luxembourg in November, 2003. First, definitions of excavation disturbed and excavation damaged zones are proposed. Then, an approach is suggested for the synthesis and intercomparison of geohydromechanical processes in the EDZ for the four rock types (crystalline rock, salt, indurated clay, and plastic clay). Comparison tables of relevant processes, associated factors, and modeling and testing techniques are developed. A discussion of the general state-of-the-art and outstanding issues are also presented. A substantial bibliography of relevant papers on the subject is supplied at the end of the paper.

Tsang, Chin-Fu; Bernier, Frederic; Davies, Christophe

2004-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

449

Influence of Operational Parameters in the Heterogeneous Photo-Fenton Discoloration of Wastewaters in the Presence of an Iron-Pillared Clay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An iron-pillared Tunisian clay (Fe-PILC) was prepared and used as the catalyst in the heterogeneous photo-Fenton oxidation of Red Congo and Malachite Green in aqueous solution. ... The catalyst Fe-PILC was characterized by XRF, XRD, BET, and FTIR methods. ... The resulting solid material was calcined at 300 °C for 24 h, and subsequently ground to 100 mesh, to obtain a pillared clay catalyst named Fe-PILC. ...

Haithem Bel Hadjltaief; Patrick Da Costa; M. Elena Galvez; Mourad Ben Zina

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Recycling non-hazardous industrial wastes and petroleum contaminated soils into structural clay ceramics  

SciTech Connect

Cherokee Environmental Group (CEG)--a subsidiary of the Cherokee Sanford Group, Inc. (CSG)--has developed a system to beneficially reuse non-hazardous industrial wastes and petroleum contaminated soils into the recycling process of CSG`s structural clay ceramics manufacturing operation. The wastes and soils are processed, screened, and blended with brickmaking raw materials. The resulting material is formed and fired in such a way that the bricks still exceed American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) quality standards. Prior to usage, recycled materials are rigorously tested for ceramic compatibility and environmental compliance. Ceramic testing includes strength, shrinkage, and aesthetics. Environmental compliance is insured by testing for both organic and inorganic constituents. This recycling process has been fully permitted by all required state regulatory agencies in North Carolina, Maryland, and South Carolina where facilities are located. This inter-industrial synergy has eliminated landfill reliance and liability for many companies and property owners. The recycling volume of wastes and soils is high because CSG is one of the largest brick manufacturers in the nation. Together, CEG and CSG have eliminated more than 1 billion pounds of material from landfills by beneficially reusing the non-hazardous wastes.

MacRunnels, Z.D.; Miller, H.B. Jr. [Cherokee Environmental Group, Sanford, NC (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

451

The Characterization of Micropore Structures in Pillared Clay Materials (PILC) using Adsorption Isotherms.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new method for the characterization of the micropore structures of pillared clay materials based on adsorption isotherms is proposed. From the isotherms, a plot of In P/Po vs Vads can be derived. These plots show a few inflection points. Around these points there is an important increase in Vads by small changes of the chemical potential ?s. Therefore, each point is related to a type of micropores. These points can be used to calculate the pore size distribution (PSD) of the sample. For the N2 adsorption at 77K, the micropore range can be divided in 5 regions corresponding to the pores filled by N2 molecules in 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 layers, respectively. This is because the N2 molecules have a kinetic diameter of 3.64 Å and the upper limit of the pore size in the micropores is about 20 Å. Several PILC samples with known slit widths (XRD analysis) were selected to correlate the inflection points with the pore sizes of the five types of pores. A correction for the adsorption on the external surface area was made since the adsorption on the surface at low relative pressures is also significant. Without the correction, the PSD results of the samples move to smaller pores and unreasonable results are obtained. Comparing with other methods, this new method can give more information in the characterization of porous solids with pores of several molecular diameters, and it gives even better results in the supermicropore range.

Huai Yong Zhu; N. Maes; E.F. Vansant

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Analysis of lipophilic compounds of tea coated on the surface of clay teapots  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The surface of a clay teapot tends to be coated with a waterproof film after constant use for tea preparation. The waterproof films of two kinds of teapots (zisha and zhuni) used for preparing oolong tea and old oolong tea were extracted and subjected to gas chromatography–mass spectrometry analysis. The results showed that comparable constituents were detected in these films; they were primarily fatty acids and linear hydrocarbons that were particularly rich in palmitic acid and stearic acid. To explore the source of these two abundant fatty acids, the fatty acid compositions of fresh tea leaves, granules, infusion, and vapor of infusion were analyzed by gas chromatography. Fresh tea leaves were rich in palmitic acid (C-16:0), unsaturated linolenic acid (C-18:3), linoleic acid (C-18:2), and oleic acid (C-18:1), which were presumably from the phospholipid membrane. During the process of manufacturing oolong tea, the three unsaturated fatty acids may be substantially degraded or oxidized to stearic acid (C-18:0), which was enriched with palmitic acid in the tea granules and in the infusion. The vapor of the tea infusion is primarily composed of palmitic acid and stearic acid. Thus, the coated films of teapots mostly originated from the lipophilic compounds of the tea infusions.

Tse-Yu Chung; Ping-Chung Kuo; Zih-Hui Liao; Yu-En Shih; Mei-Ling Cheng; Chia-Chang Wu; Jason T.C. Tzen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Efficient conversion of carbohydrates into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural catalyzed by the chromium-exchanged montmorillonite K-10 clay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An efficient process was developed for the conversion of carbohydrates into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF). A series of cation-exchanged montmorillonite K-10 clay were prepared as the heterogeneous catalysts for the conversion of carbohydrates into HMF, and chromium-exchanged K-10 clay (K-10 clay-Cr) was found to be the best catalyst for this transformation. A high HMF yield around 95% was obtained from the dehydration of fructose either in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) or in [BMIM]Cl. Results demonstrated [BMIM]Cl was superior to DMSO for the conversion of glucose into HMF, and HMF yield of 51.9% was obtained from the dehydration of glucose at 120 °C after 2 h in [BMIM]Cl. Furthermore, the developed methods were also effective for the synthesis of HMF from other carbohydrates. Particularly, a satisfied HMF yield of 48.7% could be obtained from the inedible and abundant cellulose. In addition, the catalyst was effectively recycled six times without significant loss of activity.

Zhongfeng Fang; Bing Liu; Jinju Luo; Yongshen Ren; Zehui Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Using Multiple Household Food Inventories to Measure Food Availability in the Home  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-home assessment included an audio recorded interview on food habits and beliefs. Complete data were collected from all 9 women (32.8 y +/- 6.0; 3 married; 4 +/- 1.6 adults/children in household; 4 SNAP; 6 food insecure) and their households. Weekly grocery...

Sisk, Cheree L.

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

455

Food allergy: Stakeholder perspectives on acceptable risk  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have reached a point where it is difficult to improve food allergy risk management without an agreement on levels of acceptable risk. This paper presents and discusses the perspectives of the different stakeholders (allergic consumers, health professionals, public authorities and the food industry) on acceptable risk in food allergy. Understanding where these perspectives diverge and even conflict may help develop an approach to define what is acceptable. Uncertainty about food allergy, its consequences and how to manage them is the common denominator of the stakeholders’ views. In patients, uncertainty is caused by the unpredictability of reactions and the concern about whether avoidance strategies will be effective enough. Variability of symptoms and the lack of markers do not allow stratification of patients according to their reactivity, and force health professionals to give the same advice to all patients despite the fact that the risk to each is not identical. Regulators and the food industry struggle with the fact that the lack of management thresholds forces them to make case-by-case decisions in an area of uncertainty with penalties for under- or over-prediction. As zero risk is not a realistic possibility, consensus on acceptable risk will be needed.

Charlotte B. Madsen; René Crevel; Chun-Han Chan; Anthony E.J. Dubois; Audrey DunnGalvin; Bertine M.J. Flokstra-de Blok; M. Hazel Gowland; Sue Hattersley; Jonathan O’B Hourihane; Pia Nørhede; Sylvia Pfaff; Gene Rowe; Sabine Schnadt; Berber J. Vlieg-Boerstra

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Iron oxide and chromia supported on titania-pillared clay for selective catalytic reduction of nitric oxide with ammonia  

SciTech Connect

TiO{sub 2}-pillard clay (PILC) with high surface area, large pore volume, and large interlayer spacing was used as the support for mixed Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3} as the catalyst for selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NO with NH{sub 3}. The Fe/Cr ratio was varied at a fixed total amount of oxide dopant of 10% (wt). The Fe-Cr/TiO{sub 2}-PILC with Fe/Cr=3 showed the highest activity. Compared with commercial V{sub 2}O{sub 5}/TiO{sub 2} catalysts, the activity (on a per gram basis) of the doped pillared clay was approximately twice as high under H{sub 2}O- and SO{sub 2}-free conditions and was approximately 40% higher under conditions with H{sub 2}O and SO{sub 2}. In addition, its activity for SO{sub 2} oxidation was only 20%-25% of that of the V{sub 2}O{sub 5}-based catalysts. TPD of NH{sub 3} on the Fe-Cr/TiO{sub 2}-PILC catalyst showed that both M=O and M-OH (M=Fe or Cr) were necessary for the SCR reaction. In situ IR spectra of NH{sub 3} showed that there was a higher Bronsted acidity than the Lewis acidity on the surface under reaction conditions and that there existed a direct correlation between the SCR activity and the Bronsted acidity among pillared clays with different Fe/Cr ratios. These results, along with the transient response to O{sub 2}, indicated that a similar mechanism to that on the V{sub 2}O{sub 5} catalyst was operative. The TiO{sub 2}-pillared clay used as the support also contributed to the high activity of the Fe-Cr catalyst. The TiO{sub 2} pillars combined with the tetrahedral SiO{sub 2} surfaces of the clay apparently gave rise to a high dispersion of Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}. 52 refs., 10 figs., 5 tabs.

Cheng, L.S.; Yang, R.T. [State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY (United States)] [State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY (United States); Ning Chen [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)] [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Data Call - Food Community | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Call - Food Community Data Call - Food Community Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture Data Call Understanding food, agriculture, and rural issues is a multidisciplinary effort that incorporates natural resources and land use, biological and physical sciences, international commodity and financial market information, social sciences, human health and nutrition, and many other areas. Relevant data collection and compilation of official statistics occur throughout the U.S. government, not just in agencies with an explicit focus on agriculture. With so many different sources of knowledge and widely felt areas of impact, successful data integration and distribution requires making full use of new approaches and technologies.

458

Vitamin A Content of Foods and Feeds.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LIBRARY, A & 341 CUL ,A%lBU TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERI~~N I *SI A I I A. R. CONNER, DIRECTOR COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS BULLETIN NO. 477 JULY, 1933 DIVISION OF CHEMISTRY Vitamin A Content of Foods and Feeds AGRICULTURAL... required by animals and man 28 Vitamin A in some feeds for animals 29 Summary 30 References .......................... --- 31 BULLETIN NO. 477 July, 1933 VITAMIN A CONTENT OF FOODS AND FEEDS By G. S. FRAPS AND RAY TREICHLER The importance of small...

Treichler, Ray; Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1933-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

FOOD SECURITY FUEL INDEPENDENCE These projects represent  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FOOD SECURITY FUEL INDEPENDENCE These projects represent a huge effort to determine and improve pressing challenges. ASH 1% ASH 1% ASH 1% OTHERS 6% OTHERS 6% OTHERS 6% OIL 2% OIL 10% OIL 20% SUCROSE 45% LIPID CANE Produce and store oil in the stem in place of sugar During photosynthesis, sugarcane

Bashir, Rashid

460

Prevention of Food-Processing Wastes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...beans 99.8 99.8 Corn on the cob 46.0...green beans, and corn on the cob. Tests...starch and glu by new, wet processing of wheat...food exist.) Dry milling and air classification...con-ventional wheat-milling equipment. rom Two...from the conventional wet process and the proposed...

Sam R. Hoover

1974-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food stone clay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Biotechnology in Food Production and Processing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...extensive use ofmicrobial metabolism for food preservation...extractability of oil from seeds (51), and pectolytic...processing of meat, cereal, dairy, fruits...substrates such as starch or whey. The so-called...convert pota-to starch into SCP. A Kluyveromyces...crops, particularly cereals, further fundamental...

Dietrich Knorr; Anthony J. Sinskey

1985-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

462

Food: Inside the hothouses of industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... and policy-makers realize that they can't meet the food-security challenge without the private sector, which makes up a significant share of the global agricultural research effort (see ... makes up a significant share of the global agricultural research effort (see 'Public vs private'). Monsanto's annual research budget alone is US$1.2 billion, just topping ...

Natasha Gilbert

2010-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

463

FOOD SUSTAINABILITY REPORT QUEEN'S HOSPITALITY SERVICES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in these efforts, by establishing sustainability as its third pillar, along with customer service and fiscalFOOD SUSTAINABILITY REPORT QUEEN'S HOSPITALITY SERVICES May 2008 #12;In recent years, a sustainability movement has taken root at Queen's. The impacts of the movement can be seen across campus

Ellis, Randy

464

EPOK Centre for Organic Food and Farming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for researchers,advisors, farmers,decision-makers,industry,sector organisations and students and a hub Productivity in crop production Biodiversity and ecosystem services Food quality and health effects Eko" Knowledge syntheses and fact sheets Exhibitions and lectures Seminars, workshops, conferences

465

Revised March 14, 2011 Master Food Volunteer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

demonstrations at farmers' markets, health/wellness fairs, nutrition/healthy cooking workshops and physical product or place of business. In surveying county agents, many activities have been mentioned as potential in doing. Below are some ideas of activities for volunteers: Health fairs Food demonstrations Farmers

Liskiewicz, Maciej

466

ARTISAN/FARMSTEAD CHEESEMAKER FOOD SAFETY WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cheesemakers understand best practices and techniques for pathogen control in their facilities to assure. The workshop will include topics such as GMPs, sanitation, preventative and microbial controls, environmental looking to protect consumers and their businesses through good food safety practices · Extension

Alpay, S. Pamir

467

Climate Change Impacts on Global Food Security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...America's Climate Choices; National Research Council, America’s Climate Choices (National Academies Press, Washington...Food security: The challenge of feeding 9 billion people . Science 327...of biofuels or other renewable fuels for transport...66 U.S. Congress, Energy Policy Act of 2005...

Tim Wheeler; Joachim von Braun

2013-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

468

The bits and bytes of food : study of emerging Internet-based food businesses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As is the trend with a lot of industries, businesses in the food industry are also experiencing a shift towards the online world. This shift is driven by increasing convenience and popularity of doing business over the ...

Mulay, Vishrut

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

The food security challenge of the food-land-water nexus in India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two of the key factors that drive agricultural growth and food production in India are access to arable land and utilizable water resources. These are examined with particular reference to their regional varia...

M. Dinesh Kumar; M. V. K. Sivamohan; A. Narayanamoorthy

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Toward an integration of landscape and food web ecology: The dynamics of spatially subsidized food webs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We focus on the implications of movement, landscape variables, and spatial heterogeneity for food web dynamics. Movements of nutrients, detritus, prey, and consumers among habitats are ubiquitous in diverse biomes and can ...

Polis, Gary A.; Anderson, Wendy B.; Holt, Robert D.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

THE BANDEIRANTES STONES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laughter was heard around the cook fire as one got up to piss on a spider he'd ... a man's limbs get ripped off by horses to motivate others to do as they're told!

472

Project Profile: David Stone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cuisine, their drink specialties, and the small town fiestas that aren't mentioned in guidebooks. When you of the year. Social media marketing involves any online tool or technology that allows people to share using the most popular social media tools today (YouTube, Facebook, Twitter) to create positive buzz

Almor, Amit

473

Evaluation of the food safety management system in a hospital food service operation toward Listeria monocytogenes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The unique aspects of a hospital environment, such as the multitude of dietary needs and thus the variety of meals to be served and incoming (raw) materials to be used, challenge the development and application of appropriate control and assurance measures to guarantee food safety. Besides, Listeria monocytogenes is considered a risk for most food service operations producing and serving ready-to-eat foods. Therefore the food safety management system of a hospital food service operation has been evaluated toward L. monocytogenes with an extensive questionnaire in the preset of this case study. In addition, 49 samples of food products and 145 environmental samples were taken and analyzed for L. monocytogenes to verify the implemented control measures. From this case study, it becomes clear that incoming (raw) materials, produced final products and their immediate supply to patients/consumers are high risk situations. This was demonstrated by the presence of L. monocytogenes in six incoming (raw) materials (n = 19) and one final product (n = 9). These risky situations are in need to be mitigated by the implementation of proper control measures, e.g. intensified supplier control, low storage temperatures, cleaning and disinfection to control cross-contamination. However major improvements can be made on the hygienic design of equipment and facilities and on the level of the sampling design. In terms of assurance activities, such as setting up a sampling plan, only a basic level was obtained for the validation and verification of their food safety management system. This case study illustrates that the combination of data from the questionnaire together with data of the sampling result in an overview on the performance of the current food safety management system and that major non-compliances and possibilities for improvement in the system can be defined.

E. Lahou; L. Jacxsens; E. Verbunt; M. Uyttendaele

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Reinforcement Mechanism Of Polyurethane-Urea/Clay Nanocomposites Probed By Positron Annihilation Lifetime Spectroscopy And Dynamic Mechanical Analysis  

SciTech Connect

A basis for quantitative analysis of the reinforcement mechanism of polyurethane-urea/clay nanocomposites using two characterization methods, positron annihilation life time spectroscopy (PALS) and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) is provided. DMA was used to measure the constrained volume fraction of amorphous soft segments induced by nanoclay and the storage modulus of the nanocomposites. The interfacial interactions in the nanocomposites were investigated by PALS. The modulus enhancement of the organoclay nanocomposites was found to have a good correlation with the volume fraction of the constrained region and the interfacial interactions.

Rath, S. K.; Patri, M. [Naval Materials Research Laboratory, Shil-Badlapur Road, Ambernath 421506, Maharastra (India); Sudarshan, K.; Pujari, P. K. [Radiochemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai-400085 (India); Khakhar, D. V. [Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Powai-76 (India)

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Effect of the Platinum Content on the Microstructure and Micropore Size Distribution of Pt/Alumina-Pillared Clays  

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Cheng and Yang23 also studied the N2 and O2 adsorption capacities of alkali metal ion-exchanged pillared clays showing for Li+/Zr-PILC better results than those obtained by Molinard and Vansant. ... The resulting slurries were evaporated slowly under reduced pressure in a rotavapor, and the obtained solids were calcined in air at 500 °C for 5 h to give the Pt/Al-PILC catalysts. ... The samples will be referred to in wt %-Pt/Al-PILC notation. ...

M. Barrera-Vargas; J. Valencia-Rios; M. A. Vicente; S. A. Korili; A. Gil

2005-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

476

Proportions of coarse and fine clay across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary in Milam, Falls, and Travis Counties, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and are of little value. It is concluded that the method proposed in this thesis is capable of detecting small differences between clay sampi es at a = ingle locai ity, but prob. bly cannot be used to correlate samples f'rom one locality to another. i&1tlloagh... making dispersion and I'rac- tionation difficult. The efficiency of the X-ray diffraction t, echniques is also improved when these constituents are removed. As a simplified means of comp:rison, the various procedures performed on each sample...

Smith, John Charles

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Hot Food  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hot Food Holding Cabinets to someone by E-mail Hot Food Holding Cabinets to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products Federal Requirements Covered Product Categories

478

Facility will focus on bioenergy, global food security  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facility will focus on bioenergy, global food security Facility will focus on bioenergy, global food security The New Mexico Consortium expects to complete the 27,000 square foot...

479

Distant harvest : the production and price of organic food  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Organic food is growing in popularity, enjoying a 15 to 20% increase in sales, yearly, since about 1997, according to the Organic Trade Association. Organic produce makes up about 2% of the United States' total food sales ...

Sherburne, Morgan (Morgan L.)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

College of Agriculture, Food and Environment AEC Agricultural Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

College of Agriculture, Food and Environment AEC Agricultural Economics KEY: # = new course THE ECONOMICS OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE. (3 of agriculture in both a national and international dimension. Students who have completed ECO 201

MacAdam, Keith

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food stone clay" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Power Outage 1.Stop serving food and beverages.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hot food that has been below 140 F for more than 4 hours. 7.Refrigerator tips: Keep refrigerator to the person in charge. 4.Manager or person in charge may need to call 911. Emergency Readiness for Food

482

HEART SMART NUTRITION Prepare Food Right--Ensure It's Light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lesson 4 HEART SMART NUTRITION Prepare Food Right--Ensure It's Light To prepare foods lower in fat Heart Smart? True or False ______ 1. A cholesterol- free product is also fat-free. True or False

483

Poster created by: Syracuse University Food Services cooked Spelt =  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Try M e! Poster created by: Syracuse University Food Services 1 cup of cooked Spelt = 246 calories 100 years. It is sometimes used to feed animals. Spelt was once used as a peasant food as it became

Mather, Patrick T.

484

National High Magnetic Field Laboratory - Finding Iron in Food...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cup A magnet Cereal and magnet What you'll do: Pour some of the food into a Ziploc bag. Seal the bag with as little air in it as possible, then mash the food until you make a...

485

China's food production under water and land limitations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The future availability of the natural resources (water and land) needed for food production is highly uncertain. Evidence shows diminishing natural resources and growing food demand throughout many parts of the world. ...

Hoisungwan, Piyatida

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

The transatlantic rift in genetically modified food policy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The regulatory structures underlying United States and European Union policies regarding genetically modified (GM) food and crops are fundamentally different. The US regulates GM foods and crops as end product...

Celina Ramjoué

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Biomass/energy crops grown on phosphatic clay in central Florida  

SciTech Connect

In January 1992 plots of 0.081 ha (0.2 A) were planted on phosphatic clay soil. Cultivars included: US78-1009, and CP72-1210 sugarcane; US56-9, L79-1002, and US72-1153 energycane; 1K-7647 Erianthus; plus N-51 Elephantgrass. Enough planting material of US67-2022 sugarcane was available to plant only 10 m (33 ft.) of row. Planting of US67-2022 was increased each of the next 2 years. Three-year average dry yield of sugarcane was 32.3 Mg ha{sup -1} (14.4 ton A{sup -1}) for US78-1009, 29.6 Mg ha{sup -1} (1 3.2 ton A{sup -1}) for CP72-1210, and 49.1 Mg ha{sup -1} (21.9 ton A{sup -1}) for US67-2022. Two-year average yield for energycane was observed to be 36.5 Mg ha{sup -1} (16.3 ton A{sup -1}) for US56-9, 34.9 Mg ha{sup -1} (15.6 ton A{sup -1}) for L79-1002, and 37.2 Mg ha{sup -1} (16.6 ton A{sup -1}) for US72-1153. The observed Erianthus yield was 17.9 Mg ha{sup -1} (8.0 ton A{sup -1}) for 1K-7647 and for N-51 Elephantgrass was 19.0 Mg ha{sup -1} (8.5 ton A{sup -1}). Yield of both Erianthus and elephantgrass were severely hampered by a poor stand. Other cultivars were also affected but to a lesser degree. Sugar content was highest in the three sugarcane cultivars averaging 13.1 degrees brix. Energycane cultivars had an average of 8.6 degrees brix; elephantgrass and Erianthus were lowest with 5.5 and 5.6{degrees} brix, respectively. Sugar yield was highest in US67-2022 at 12.3 Mg ha{sup -1} (5.5 ton A{sup -1}) and more than 2.5 times higher than the next highest cultivar. Chemical composition of the various cultivars in terms of NDF, ADF, hemicellulose, cellulose, lignin, and in vitro digestible dry matter are also reported.

Stricker, J.A.; Prine, G.M. [UF Agronomy Dept., Gainesville, FL (United States); Anderson, D.L. [UF Everglades REC, Belle Glade, FL (United States)] [and others

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

488

Theorizing Food Sharing Practices in a Junior High Classroom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

shocked” after alleged food poisoning attempt [Televisionfood functions symbolically, and so I also wonder if adolescents who poison

Rice, Mary

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Ebeling: Handbook of Indian Foods and Fibers of Arid America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

research has barely begun. Handbook of Indian Foods andeffort was remarkable, and his Handbook should be a standard

Sutton, Mark Q

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Sustainable Food  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Sustainable Food March 2011 Page 1 of 2 House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee: Sustainable Food Inquiry Response by the Wellcome Trust March 2011 solutions for the production of healthy and sustainable food. As a research funder dedicated to improving

Rambaut, Andrew

491

Food Consumption by Sea Lions: Existing Data and Techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Food Consumption by Sea Lions: Existing Data and Techniques Arliss J. Winship, Andrea M.J. Hunter on the quantity of food consumed by sea lions in captivity, and examined how consumption varied by species, body ranges of estimates of food consumption for sea lions that can be used in various modeling strategies

492

Temperature alters food web body-size structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ecology 1001 60 69 Temperature alters food web body-size structure Jean P. Gibert John...The consequences of these effects for food web structure are unclear because the relationships between temperature and aspects of food web structure such as predator-prey body-size...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Infectious disease agents mediate interaction in food webs and ecosystems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...disease agents mediate interaction in food webs and ecosystems Sanja Selakovic 1 Peter...Netherlands Infectious agents are part of food webs and ecosystems via the relationship with...interactions, infectious agents influence food webs in terms of structure, functioning and...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Relevance of evolutionary history for food web structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Relevance of evolutionary history for food web structure Anna Eklof 1 * Matthew R. Helmus...challenges of ecology. Simple models for food web structure aim at disentangling the complexity...classification-provides valuable information on food web structure. In doing so, we measure which...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Genetic variation, predator–prey interactions and food web structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...predator-prey interactions and food web structure Jordi Moya-Larano 1 2 * * jordi...Canada De San Urbano, Almeria, Spain Food webs are networks of species that feed on each...phenotypic and genetic variation plays in food web structure is largely unknown. Here, I...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

The Croonian Lecture 2004 Risk: food, fact and fantasy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...King's Fund. Hastings, G , Stead, M, McDermott, L, Forsyth, A, MacKintosh, A.M, Rayner, M, Godfrey, C, Caraher, M, Angus, KReview of research on the effects of food promotion to children. In Food Standards Agency 2003London:Food...

John R Krebs

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

ForPeerReview The Biopolitics of Food Provisioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ForPeerReview The Biopolitics of Food Provisioning Journal: Transactions of the Institute geopolitics Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers #12;ForPeerReview The Biopolitics of Food the question of food provisioning in Europe's colonies where in fact the drive to eliminate non-market access

498

Dimensionality of the USDA Food Security Index Amy G. Froelich  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dimensionality of the USDA Food Security Index Amy G. Froelich Helen H. Jensen Iowa State University DRAFT: November 21, 2002 Report prepared under USDA Economic Research Service cooperative the first Food Security Supplement (Module) designed to measure the amount of food insecurity and hunger

Froelich, Amy G.

499

FOOD GUIDELINES --WEEKLY STUDENT ORGANIZATION MEETING ONLY January 31, 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FOR PERISHABLE AND NON-PERISHABLE FOOD AND BEVERAGES Service or sale of homemade food at weekly meetingsFOOD GUIDELINES -- WEEKLY STUDENT ORGANIZATION MEETING ONLY January 31, 2006 Student Activities and Campus Life Associated Students / Aztec Center Meeting Services Environmental Health & Safety Dept Aztec

Ponce, V. Miguel

500

Food Service and Pool Sanitation 1.0 Regulatory Authority  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

employees and conduct operational inspections for for all food service sites and operations. 2. Maintain of the program available to affected departments. 2. Conduct routine inspections of food service facilities&S in conducting food service inspections. 6. Ensure all aspects of this program are followed. 7. Perform

de Lijser, Peter