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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food products aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

U.S. Energy Requirements for Aluminum Production | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Ultrahigh-Efficiency Aluminum Production Cells ITP Aluminum: Aluminum Industry Technology Roadmap ITP Aluminum: Aluminum Industry Vision: Sustainable Solutions for a...

2

Aluminum: Reducing chloride emissions from aluminum production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reynolds Metals Company (RMC), with assistance from a NICE{sup 3} grant, is developing for commercialization a closed-loop control process that greatly reduces chlorine emissions and increases plant efficiency while maintaining metal quality. The process still utilizes chlorine to remove impurities during aluminum processing, but is more effective than current methods. With the new technology chlorine in the stack is monitored and input chlorine is adjusted continuously. This optimization of chlorine use results in substantially less waste because less chlorine has to be bought or produced by aluminum manufacturers. This innovation is a significant improvement over conventional aluminum treatments, in which chlorine is injected in a more costly and wasteful manner. By the year 2010, the new technology has the potential to reduce the energy it takes to create chlorine by 8.4 billion Btu per year and to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 1,377 tons per year.

Simon, P.

1999-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

3

Ultrahigh-Efficiency Aluminum Production Cells | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Ultrahigh-Efficiency Aluminum Production Cells Ultrahigh-Efficiency Aluminum Production Cells ultrahi-effaluminum.pdf More Documents & Publications U.S. Energy Requirements for...

4

UV Curable Coatings in Aluminum Can Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

based coatings. The Coors Brewing Company Can Manufacturing Plant has been utilizing this technology in full scale aluminum can production since 1975, and therefore has had the opportunity to evaluate practical operations of the UV technology...

Donhowe, E. T.

5

An optimal replacement problem in aluminum production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The aluminum production facility operated by ALCOA in Rockdale, Texas produces aluminum in a continuous manufacturing environment using steel carbon-lined smelting pots. As a result of the production process of running electricity through an electrolytic... technique known as dynamic programming, the minimum expected cost can be determined for a finite horizon Markov decision problem. This was accomplished using value iteration, a computer program written in C language, and data obtained from ALCOA...

Spanks, Lisa Marie

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Magnesium Replacement of Aluminum Cast Components in a Production...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Magnesium Replacement of Aluminum Cast Components in a Production V6 Engine to Effect Cost-Effective Mass Reduction Magnesium Replacement of Aluminum Cast Components in a...

7

Aluminum (Al) Etch Instructions The CEPSR cleanroom stores Aluminum Etchant Type A, a pre-made product used for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aluminum (Al) Etch Instructions The CEPSR cleanroom stores Aluminum Etchant Type A, a pre-made product used for removing or etching away aluminum. This etchant is stored inside the acid or corrosive a specific thickness of aluminum that is desired. Note: Once the bottle is empty or you find that it's etch

Kim, Philip

8

Production of anhydrous aluminum chloride composition  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process is described for producing an anhydrous aluminum chloride composition from a water-based aluminous material such as a slurry of aluminum hydroxide in a multistage extraction process in which the aluminum ion is first extracted into an organic liquid containing an acidic extractant and then extracted from the organic phase into an alkali metal chloride or chlorides to form a melt containing a mixture of chlorides of alkali metal and aluminum. In the process, the organic liquid may be recycled. In addition, the process advantageously includes an electrolysis cell for producing metallic aluminum and the alkali metal chloride or chlorides may be recycled for extraction of the aluminum from the organic phase.

Vandergrift, G.F. III; Krumpelt, M.; Horwitz, E.P.

1981-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

9

Commonwealth Aluminum: Manufacturer Conducts Plant-Wide Energy Assessments at Two Aluminum Sheet Production Operations  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This case study describes how Commonwealth Industries (now Aleris Rolled Products) conducted plant-wide energy assessments at its aluminum sheet rolling mills in Lewisport, Kentucky, and Uhrichsville, Ohio, to improve process and energy efficiency.

10

Integrating Food Production and Biodiversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrating Food Production and Biodiversity Energy and Scale Issues in Implementation Kristina and biodiversity ­ energy and scale issues in implementation Abstract The aim of this thesis was to test the hypotheses that (1) biodiversity at a farm level differs between small and large farms, and (2

11

Primary aluminum production : climate policy, emissions and costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate policy regarding perfluorocarbons (PFCs) may have a significant influence on investment decisions in the production of primary aluminum. This work demonstrates an integrated analysis of the effectiveness and likely ...

Harnisch, Jochen.; Sue Wing, Ian.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Prinn, Ronald G.

12

CLASSIFICATION AND REACTIVITY OF SECONDARY ALUMINUM PRODUCTION WASTE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

aluminum30 production process emits seventeen (17) times less pollution to the atmosphere (see Table 1 in the ASCE Journal of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste November 8, 2012 #12;2 Classification

13

Aluminum foam, ALPORAS: The production process, properties and applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The production of foamed aluminum has long been considered difficult to realize because of such problems as the low foamability of molten metal, the varying size of cellular structures, solidification shrinkage and so on. Recently these problems have been solved by a number of researchers and some manufacturers produce foamed aluminum by their own methods. The authors have been employing a batch casting process and manufacturing foamed aluminum under the tradename ALPORAS{reg_sign} since 1986. This paper presents the manufacturing process, physical properties and some typical applications of ALPORAS.

Miyoshi, T.; Itoh, M. [Shinko Wire Co., Ltd., Amagasaki (Japan); Akiyama, S.; Kitahara, A. [Kyushu National Industrial Research Inst., Tosu (Japan). Material Engineering Dept.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

14

Structure of aluminum hydroxide powders obtained as a byproduct of hydrogen fuel production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The structure of aluminum hydroxide powders obtained as byproducts of hydrogen fuel production was investigated. One of the main initial components comprised aluminum-magnesium chips with 0.6, 6 and 12 wt.% ma...

A. D. Shlyapin; A. Yu. Omarov; V. P. Tarasovskii; Yu. G. Trifonov

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Production of microporous aluminum oxide electrodes as supports for tethered lipid bilayers of large surface area.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Production of microporous aluminum oxide electrodes as supports for tethered lipid bilayers.Bourdillon@utc.fr Abstract A composite electrode made by association of gold and porous aluminum oxide has been used aluminum oxide; phospholipid bilayer; two-dimensional electrochemistry; ubiquinone lateral mobility. 1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

16

NDHA REQUIREMENTS FOR FCNS 320 Quantity Food Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of practical food service work experience. CERTIFICATION & TB TEST GUIDELINES Food Sanitation CertificateNDHA REQUIREMENTS FOR FCNS 320 ­ Quantity Food Production OVERVIEW State Of Illinois Food) Skin Test Verification of 100 Hours Completed Work Experience in Food Production Verification

Kostic, Milivoje M.

17

Closing Data Gaps for LCA of Food Products: Estimating the Energy Demand of Food Processing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Closing Data Gaps for LCA of Food Products: Estimating the Energy Demand of Food Processing ... To quantify the environmental impacts arising from food production, environmental assessment tools such as life cycle assessment (LCA) should be applied. ... Most of the published LCAs on food are assessing primary agricultural products, e.g., refs 4 and 5, whereas the number of studies available on processed food is lower, e.g., refs 6?8. ...

Neus Sanjun; Franziska Stoessel; Stefanie Hellweg

2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

18

Rapid hydrogen production from water using aluminum nanoclusters: A quantum molecular dynamics simulation study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rapid hydrogen production from water using aluminum nanoclusters: A quantum molecular dynamics Available online 31 December 2013 Keywords: Hydrogen production Water Aluminum nanoclusters Quantum molecular dynamics simulation It is hoped that a hydrogen-on-demand generator may one day start with just

Southern California, University of

19

Production of sodium-22 from proton irradiated aluminum  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for selective separation of sodium-22 from a proton irradiated minum target including dissolving a proton irradiated aluminum target in hydrochloric acid to form a first solution including aluminum ions and sodium ions, separating a portion of the aluminum ions from the first solution by crystallization of an aluminum salt, contacting the remaining first solution with an anion exchange resin whereby ions selected from the group consisting of iron and copper are selectively absorbed by the anion exchange resin while aluminum ions and sodium ions remain in solution, contacting the solution with an cation exchange resin whereby aluminum ions and sodium ions are adsorbed by the cation exchange resin, and, contacting the cation exchange resin with an acid solution capable of selectively separating the adsorbed sodium ions from the cation exchange resin while aluminum ions remain adsorbed on the cation exchange resin is disclosed.

Taylor, Wayne A. (Los Alamos, NM); Heaton, Richard C. (Los Alamos, NM); Jamriska, David J. (Los Alamos, NM)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Hot Food  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hot Food Holding Cabinets to someone by E-mail Hot Food Holding Cabinets to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products Federal Requirements Covered Product Categories

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food products aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Primary Aluminum Production: Climate Policy, Emissions and Costs Jochen Harnisch, Ian Sue Wing, Henry D. Jacoby and Ronald G. Prinn*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Primary Aluminum Production: Climate Policy, Emissions and Costs Jochen Harnisch, Ian Sue Wing a significant influence on investment decisions in the production of primary aluminum. This work demonstrates for the baseline years 1990 and 1995. We then present projections for regional emissions of PFCs from the aluminum

22

Final Technical Report Microwave Assisted Electrolyte Cell for Primary Aluminum Production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research addresses the high priority research need for developing inert anode and wetted cathode technology, as defined in the Aluminum Industry Technology Roadmap and Inert Anode Roadmap, with the performance targets: a) significantly reducing the energy intensity of aluminum production, b) ultimately eliminating anode-related CO2 emissions, and c) reducing aluminum production costs. This research intended to develop a new electrometallurgical extraction technology by introducing microwave irradiation into the current electrolytic cells for primary aluminum production. This technology aimed at accelerating the alumina electrolysis reduction rate and lowering the aluminum production temperature, coupled with the uses of nickel based superalloy inert anode, nickel based superalloy wetted cathode, and modified salt electrolyte. Michigan Technological University, collaborating with Cober Electronic and Century Aluminum, conducted bench-scale research for evaluation of this technology. This research included three sub-topics: a) fluoride microwave absorption; b) microwave assisted electrolytic cell design and fabrication; and c) aluminum electrowinning tests using the microwave assisted electrolytic cell. This research concludes that the typically used fluoride compound for aluminum electrowinning is not a good microwave absorbing material at room temperature. However, it becomes an excellent microwave absorbing material above 550C. The electrowinning tests did not show benefit to introduce microwave irradiation into the electrolytic cell. The experiments revealed that the nickel-based superalloy is not suitable for use as a cathode material; although it wets with molten aluminum, it causes severe reaction with molten aluminum. In the anode experiments, the chosen superalloy did not meet corrosion resistance requirements. A nicked based alloy without iron content could be further investigated.

Xiaodi Huang; J.Y. Hwang

2007-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

23

China's food production under water and land limitations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The future availability of the natural resources (water and land) needed for food production is highly uncertain. Evidence shows diminishing natural resources and growing food demand throughout many parts of the world. ...

Hoisungwan, Piyatida

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Ethanol: Producting Food, Feed, and Fuel | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Fuel Ethanol: Producting Food, Feed, and Fuel At the August 7, 2008 joint quarterly Web conference of DOE's Biomass and Clean Cities programs, Todd Sneller (Nebraska Ethanol...

25

Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for hot food holding cabinets, which are covered by the ENERGY STAR program.

26

Land-Use Analysis of Croplands for Sustainable Food and Energy Production in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainable Food and Energy Production in the United StatesSustainable Food and Energy Production in the United Statesquality of renewable energy production and then assessing

Zumkehr, Andrew Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

AN ELECTROANALYTICAL STUDY OF ELECTRODE REACTIONS ON CARBON ANODES DURING ELECTROLYTIC PRODUCTION OF ALUMINUM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN ELECTROANALYTICAL STUDY OF ELECTRODE REACTIONS ON CARBON ANODES DURING ELECTROLYTIC PRODUCTION production of aluminum the anodic reactions have been studied on carbon microelectrodes by voltammetry and chronoamperometry. Anode gases have been analyzed by gas chromatography on-line during controlled- potential

Sadoway, Donald Robert

28

Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Hot Food Holding Cabinets Hot Food Holding Cabinets Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets October 7, 2013 - 11:08am Addthis ENERGY STAR Qualified Products FEMP provides acquisition guidance and Federal efficiency requirements across a variety of product categories, including hot food holding cabinets, which are covered by the ENERGY STAR® program. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law. Manufacturers display the ENERGY STAR label on complying models. For a model not displaying the label, check the qualified products lists maintained on the ENERGY STAR website. This product category overview covers the following: Meeting Energy Efficiency Requirements

29

Energy Assessment Helps Kaiser Aluminum Save Energy and Improve Productivity  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This case study describes how a DOE energy assessment at Kaiser Aluminum's extrusion plant in Sherman, Texas, identified significant potential energy savings in its process heating systems. Employees at the Sherman plant wasted no time moving forward with assessment recommendations. First, they adjusted burner controls on one of the main reverberatory melting furnaces to lower excess oxygen levels. They also made some repairs to the furnaces door sill and jamb to prevent cold air from seeping into it. By implementing these measures the plant achieved annual energy savings of approximately 45,000 MMBtu and improved the furnaces energy intensity by 11.1% between 2006 and 2007. With project costs of approximately $28,000 and energy cost savings of $360,000, the simple payback was under 1 month.

30

EMBRAPAs Food-Feed-Bioenergy Production Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Embrapas concept of integrated and decentralized food-feed- bioenergy production on a farm is presented. The ... for demonstration purposes are briefly described. The bioenergy component in these systems is base...

Levon Yeganiantz; Adhemar Brandini

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

CHARACTERIZATION OF THE GASEOUS AND SOLID PRODUCTS OF DECOMPOSITION OF ALUMINUM SULFATE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF DECOMPOSITION OF ALUMINUM SULFATE Gary F. Knutsen (M. S.OF DECOMPOSITION OF ALUMINUM SULFATE Contents Abstract . .OF DECOMPOSITION OF ALUMINUM SULFATE Gary F. Knutsen

Knutsen, G.F.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Biotechnology in Food Production and Processing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...extensive use ofmicrobial metabolism for food preservation...extractability of oil from seeds (51), and pectolytic...processing of meat, cereal, dairy, fruits...substrates such as starch or whey. The so-called...convert pota-to starch into SCP. A Kluyveromyces...crops, particularly cereals, further fundamental...

Dietrich Knorr; Anthony J. Sinskey

1985-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

33

Dr Writer s Food Products Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dr Writer s Food Products Pvt Ltd Dr Writer s Food Products Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Dr. Writerâ€(tm)s Food Products Pvt. Ltd. Place Mumbai, Maharashtra, India Sector Biomass Product Mumbai-based biomass project developer. Coordinates 19.076191°, 72.875877° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":19.076191,"lon":72.875877,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

34

Global poverty and biofuel production: food vs. fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

From early 2008, the issue of rising global food prices moved to the forefront of the international political agenda. As a result of higher food prices, tens of millions of people were pushed into hunger and poverty around the world. Civil unrest flared up in North Africa, Vietnam and Haiti as countries introduced export restrictions on food subsidies and instituted price controls. Food price inflation has been sparking protests in North Africa that toppled longstanding presidents in Tunisia and Egypt. In the food markets, unfavourable weather conditions, rising fuel costs, rising biofuels production, and trade restrictions have added to upward price pressures. Higher food and fuel prices have serious macroeconomic effects throughout the global economy, including adverse effects on growth and inflation, and large swings in the terms of trade - with important balance of payments repercussions. In this paper, we analyse the immediate causes of food price inflation; in particular the role of biofuel, and discuss actions policy makers may need to take to ensure global food security.

Tahereh Alavi Hojjat

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Biological control and sustainable food production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...personal communication). Assistance...production of energy by plants...inundative and conservation biological...inundative and conservation biological...landscape, conservation of energy and non-renewable...employment, public health and...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Improved Product Energy Intensity Benchmarking Metrics for Thermally Concentrated Food Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Improved Product Energy Intensity Benchmarking Metrics for Thermally Concentrated Food Products ... Sogut, Z.; Ilten, N.; Oktay, Z.Energetic and exergetic performance evaluation of the quadruple-effect evaporator unit in tomato paste evaporation Energy 2010, 35, 3821 3826 ...

Michael E. Walker; Craig S. Arnold; David J. Lettieri; Margot J. Hutchins; Eric Masanet

2014-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

37

(Data in thousand metric tons of metal unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2010, five companies operated nine primary aluminum smelters; six smelters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

16 ALUMINUM1 (Data in thousand metric tons of metal unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2010, five companies operated nine primary aluminum smelters; six smelters were closed on published market prices, the value of primary metal production was $3.99 billion. Aluminum consumption

38

Sustainable Food & Bioenergy Systems Program-Sustainable Crop Production Option 2014-2015 Catalog  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainable Food & Bioenergy Systems Program- Sustainable Crop Production Option 2014-2015 Catalog SFBS 146 Intro to Sustainable Food & Bioenergy Systems ................................ S

Dyer, Bill

39

Potential and attainable food production and food security in different regions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...to the potential (YOA). (prices) or the physical environment...d) Closing yield gaps De Wit (1979) observed that once...non-food crops could fetch high prices, such as pharmaceutical products...Kluwer Academic Publishers. de Wit, C. T. 1979 Physiological...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Biodiversity, productivity and stability in real food webs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biodiversity, productivity and stability in real food webs Boris Worm1 and J. Emmett Duffy2 1 Institute for Marine Science, Du¨ sternbrooker Weg 20, 24105 Kiel, Germany 2 School of Marine Science, The College of William and Mary, Gloucester Point, VA 23062­1346, USA The global biodiversity crisis has

Duffy, J. Emmett

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food products aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Inert anode containing base metal and noble metal useful for the electrolytic production of aluminum  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An inert anode for production of metals such as aluminum is disclosed. The inert anode comprises a base metal selected from Cu and Ag, and at least one noble metal selected from Ag, Pd, Pt, Au, Rh, Ru, Ir and Os. The inert anode may optionally be formed of sintered particles having interior portions containing more base metal than noble metal and exterior portions containing more noble metal than base metal. In a preferred embodiment, the base metal comprises Cu, and the noble metal comprises Ag, Pd or a combination thereof.

Ray, Siba P. (Murrysville, PA); Liu, Xinghua (Monroeville, PA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Production of anhydrous aluminum chloride composition and process for electrolysis thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for producing an anhydrous aluminum chloride composition from a water-based aluminous material such as a slurry of aluminum hydroxide in a multistage extraction process in which the aluminum ion is first extracted into an organic liquid containing an acidic extractant and then extracted from the organic phase into an alkali metal chloride or chlorides to form a melt containing a mixture of chlorides of alkali metal and aluminum. In the process, the organic liquid may be recycled. In addition, the process advantageously includes an electrolysis cell for producing metallic aluminum and the alkali metal chloride or chlorides may be recycled for extraction of the aluminum from the organic phase.

Vandegrift, George F. (Bolingbrook, Naperville, IL); Krumpelt, Michael (Naperville, IL); Horwitz, E. Philip (Hinsdale, IL)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Essays in Food Demand and Production in Mexico.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Food consumption patterns in Mexico have changed rapidly in recent years, mainly due to the rapid growth in the food industry, a more dynamic international (more)

Mejia, Maria D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Commonwealth Aluminum: Manufacturer Conducts Plant-Wide Energy...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Commonwealth Aluminum: Manufacturer Conducts Plant-Wide Energy Assessments at Two Aluminum Sheet Production Operations Commonwealth Aluminum: Manufacturer Conducts Plant-Wide...

45

The Food and Fiber System and Production Agriculture's Contributions to the Texas Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Food and Fiber System and Production Agriculture's Contributions to the Texas Economy and ranch operations. Production and marketing are becoming more integrated, and computer systems are being The total food and fiber system includes all economic activities linked to agricultural production

46

Distant harvest : the production and price of organic food  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Organic food is growing in popularity, enjoying a 15 to 20% increase in sales, yearly, since about 1997, according to the Organic Trade Association. Organic produce makes up about 2% of the United States' total food sales ...

Sherburne, Morgan (Morgan L.)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

ITP Aluminum: Inert Anodes Roadmap  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Aluminum is one of the most versatile materials available today that can meet the demanding requirements of tomorrow's products.

48

The Food and Fiber System and Production Agriculture's Contributions to the Texas Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In 2001, Texas agriculture generated $14 billion in cash receipts. The production, processing, distribution and consumption of food and fiber products contributes substantially to the economy of Texas. This publication reports the contributions...

Nelson, Gene

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

The production and distribution of food is one of the most important economic activities in the world. The  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, food poisoning); and the sensory properties of food (taste, appearance, smell, texture). In CanadaThe production and distribution of food is one of the most important economic activities, and handling of food. The field of food science integrates and applies knowledge from the disciplines

Carleton University

50

Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of annual energy cost with an assumed hot food holding cabinet life of 12 years. Future electricity price trends and a 3% discount rate are based on Federal guidelines (NISTIR...

51

Do Consumers Select Food Products Based on Carbon Dioxide Emissions?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigates whether consumers select foods based on the levels of carbon dioxide emissions by a real choice experiment. Respondents are...2 emissions under no monetary incentives. The willingness to.....

Keiko Aoki; Kenju Akai

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources Robert M. Kerr Food & Agricultural Products Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FAPC-144 Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service · Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources FAPC-165 Robert M. Kerr Food & Agricultural Products Center FOOD TECHNOLOGY FACT SHEET 405-744-6071 · www.fapc.bizAdding Value to Oklahoma f a p c Measurement Equipment for Food Product Development

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

53

Photo-ionization of aluminum in a hot cavity for the selective production of exotic species project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SPES (Selective Production of Exotic Species) is an Isotope Separation On-Line (ISOL) based accelerator facility that will be built in the Legnaro-Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) Laboratory (Italy), intended to provide intense neutron-rich radioactive ion beams obtained by proton-induced fission of a uranium carbide (UCx) target. Besides this main target material, silicon carbide (SiC) will be the first to be used to deliver p-rich beams. This target will also validate the functionality of the SPES facility with aluminum beam as result of impinging SiC target with proton beam. In the past, off line studies on laser photoionization of aluminum have been performed in Pavia Spectroscopy Laboratory and in Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro; a XeCl excimer laser was installed in order to test the laser ionization in the SPES hot cavity. With the new Wien filter installed a better characterization of the ionization process in terms of efficiency was performed and results are discussed.

Scarpa, D., E-mail: Daniele.scarpa@lnl.infn.it; Corradetti, S.; Manzolaro, M.; Vasquez, J.; Calderolla, M.; Rossignoli, M.; Monetti, A.; Andrighetto, A.; Prete, G. [INFN-Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Viale dellUniversit 2, Legnaro (PD) (Italy)] [INFN-Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Viale dellUniversit 2, Legnaro (PD) (Italy); Makhathini, L. [iThemba LABS, Cape Town (South Africa)] [iThemba LABS, Cape Town (South Africa); Tomaselli, A. [Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettronica, Universit di Pavia, Via Ferrata 1, Pavia (Italy)] [Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettronica, Universit di Pavia, Via Ferrata 1, Pavia (Italy); Grassi, D. [Dipartimento di Chimica Generale, Universit di Pavia, Via Taramelli 12, Pavia (Italy)] [Dipartimento di Chimica Generale, Universit di Pavia, Via Taramelli 12, Pavia (Italy)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

54

NW Aluminum Industry Study (contracts/subscription)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Subscription Contracts Announcements Subscription Strategy Subscription Products Aluminum Study IOUPublic Settlement Slice of the System Billing Procedures Firstgov Northwest...

55

Opportunities for small and medium enterprises in the innovation and marketing of organic food: investigating consumers' purchase behaviour of organic food products in Victoria, Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This research study investigates Victorian consumers' understanding, awareness and perceptions of organic food products. Analysis of the quantitative data revealed that there are three major segments of consumers, i.e., pro-organics, reluctant consumers ... Keywords: Buyer behaviour, Marketing strategies, Organic food, Segmentation, Small and medium enterprises

Antonio Lobo; Bruno Mascitelli; Jue Chen

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Study of the Distribution of News Releases Produced by the Oklahoma Food and Agricultural Products Research and Technology Center.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The purpose of this study was to evaluate how Oklahoma newspapers use the Food and Agricultural Products Center news releases. A descriptive analysis approach was (more)

Jones, Amanda Faith

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

(Data in thousand metric tons of metal unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2006, 5 companies operated 13 primary aluminum smelters; 6 smelters were  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,800 South Africa 851 890 860 900 United Arab Emirates, Dubai 75%. Tariff: Item Number Normal Trade Relations 12-31-06 Unwrought (in coils) 7601.10.3000 2.6% ad val aluminum production decreased slightly owing to cutbacks attributed to increased energy and alumina costs

58

Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources Robert M. Kerr Food & Agricultural Products Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FAPC-110 Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service · Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources FAPC-165 Robert M. Kerr Food & Agricultural Products Center FOOD TECHNOLOGY FACT SHEET 405-744-6071 · www.fapc.bizAdding Value to Oklahoma f a p c Timothy J. Bowser Food Processing Engineer Introduction

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

59

Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources Robert M. Kerr Food & Agricultural Products Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FAPC-142 Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service · Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources FAPC-165 Robert M. Kerr Food & Agricultural Products Center FOOD TECHNOLOGY FACT SHEET 405-744-6071 · www.fapc.bizAdding Value to Oklahoma f a p c Steam Basics for Food Processors Introduction The purpose

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

60

Phase III Advanced Anodes and Cathodes Utilized in Energy Efficient Aluminum Production Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During Phase I of the present program, Alcoa developed a commercial cell concept that has been estimated to save 30% of the energy required for aluminum smelting. Phase ii involved the construction of a pilot facility and operation of two pilots. Phase iii of the Advanced Anodes and Cathodes Program was aimed at bench experiments to permit the resolution of certain questions to be followed by three pilot cells. All of the milestones related to materials, in particular metal purity, were attained with distinct improvements over work in previous phases of the program. NiO additions to the ceramic phase and Ag additions to the Cu metal phase of the cermet improved corrosion resistance sufficiently that the bench scale pencil anodes met the purity milestones. Some excellent metal purity results have been obtained with anodes of the following composition: Further improvements in anode material composition appear to be dependent on a better understanding of oxide solubilities in molten cryolite. For that reason, work was commissioned with an outside consultant to model the MeO - cryolite systems. That work has led to a better understanding of which oxides can be used to substitute into the NiO-Fe2O3 ceramic phase to stabilize the ferrites and reduce their solubility in molten cryolite. An extensive number of vertical plate bench electrolysis cells were run to try to find conditions where high current efficiencies could be attained. TiB2-G plates were very inconsistent and led to poor wetting and drainage. Pure TiB2 did produce good current efficiencies at small overlaps (shadowing) between the anodes and cathodes. This bench work with vertical plate anodes and cathodes reinforced the importance of good cathode wetting to attain high current efficiencies. Because of those conclusions, new wetting work was commissioned and became a major component of the research during the third year of Phase III. While significant progress was made in several areas, much work needs to be done. The anode composition needs further improvements to attain commercial purity targets. At the present corrosion rate, the vertical plate anodes will wear too rapidly leading to a rapidly increasing anode-cathode gap and thermal instabilities in the cell. Cathode wetting as a function of both cathode plate composition and bath composition needs to be better understood to ensure that complete drainage of the molten aluminum off the plates occurs. Metal buildup appears to lead to back reaction and low current efficiencies.

R.A. Christini; R.K. Dawless; S.P. Ray; D.A. Weirauch, Jr.

2001-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food products aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Food production and consumption near the Savannah River Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Routine operations at the Savannah River Site (SRS) result in the release of radionuclides to the atmosphere and to the Savannah River. The resulting radiological doses to the off-site maximum individual and the 80-km population are estimated on a yearly basis. These estimates are generated using dose models prescribed in the NRC Reg. Guide 1.109 for the commercial nuclear power industry. A study of land and water usage characteristics in the region of the Savannah River Site has been conducted to determine site-specific values of the NRC dose model parameters. The study's scope included local characteristics of meat, milk, vegetable production; Savannah River recreational activities and fish harvests; meat, milk, vegetable, and seafood consumption rates; and Savannah River drinking-water populations. Average and maximum consumption rates of beef, milk, vegetables, and fish have been determined for individuals residing in the southern United States. The study suggest that many of the consumption rates provided by the NRC may not be appropriate for residents of the South. Average consumption rates are slightly higher than the defaults provided by the NRC. Maximum consumption rates, however, are typically lower than NRC values. Agricultural productivity in the SRS region was found to be quite different than NRC recommendations. Off-site doses have been predicted using both NRC and SRS parameter values to demonstrate the significance of site-specific data.

Hamby, D.M.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Food production and consumption near the Savannah River Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Routine operations at the Savannah River Site (SRS) result in the release of radionuclides to the atmosphere and to the Savannah River. The resulting radiological doses to the off-site maximum individual and the 80-km population are estimated on a yearly basis. These estimates are generated using dose models prescribed in the NRC Reg. Guide 1.109 for the commercial nuclear power industry. A study of land and water usage characteristics in the region of the Savannah River Site has been conducted to determine site-specific values of the NRC dose model parameters. The study`s scope included local characteristics of meat, milk, vegetable production; Savannah River recreational activities and fish harvests; meat, milk, vegetable, and seafood consumption rates; and Savannah River drinking-water populations. Average and maximum consumption rates of beef, milk, vegetables, and fish have been determined for individuals residing in the southern United States. The study suggest that many of the consumption rates provided by the NRC may not be appropriate for residents of the South. Average consumption rates are slightly higher than the defaults provided by the NRC. Maximum consumption rates, however, are typically lower than NRC values. Agricultural productivity in the SRS region was found to be quite different than NRC recommendations. Off-site doses have been predicted using both NRC and SRS parameter values to demonstrate the significance of site-specific data.

Hamby, D.M.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

63

Climate change and the socioeconomics of global food production: A quantitative analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Climate change and the socioeconomics of global food production: A quantitative analysis of how, Andrew J. Dougill and Piers M. Forster August 2010 Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy Working Paper No. 29 #12;2 The Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy (CCCEP) was established

Rambaut, Andrew

64

Selected product ion monitoring for quantification of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in food products by capillary zone electrophoresis-tandem ion trap mass spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is an important marker of food processing and storage widely recognized as an important parameter of food freshness and quality. Its amount depends on the composition of a food product and on the thermal treatments to which the food is subjected. The aim of this work was to propose for the first time the optimization and validation of an innovative CE-MS2 method for the quantification of HMF in food products exploiting selected product ion monitoring as acquisition mode. The method was applied to the analysis of different kind of samples: cereal-based baby foods, coffee, soft beverages and vinegars. In order to show the reliability of the proposed method, results were compared with those obtained by RP-HPLC-UV, and a good accordance between the two sets of data was found.

Chiara Bignardi; Antonella Cavazza; Claudio Corradini

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Evaluation of UV-Curable Coatings for Aluminum Can Production Case Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, or the UV based ink and overvarnish printing with UV curing. Overall, the UV process is significantly lower in energy usage than the thermal process with or without incinerator controls. This is true for the direct consumption of energy at the production...

Brady, R. E. Jr; Kowal, J.; Johnson, D. H.; Donhowe, E. T.

66

(Data in thousand metric tons of metal unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2005, 6 companies operated 15 primary aluminum smelters; 4 smelters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

547 550 542 554 Norway 1,320 1,350 1,320 1,380 Russia 3,590 3,650 3,640 3,760 South Africa 863 830 850%. Tariff: Item Number Normal Trade Relations 12-31-05 Unwrought (in coils) 7601.10.3000 2.6% ad val aluminum production decreased slightly owing to cutbacks attributed to increased energy and alumina costs

67

Effect of lipase addition on hydrolysis and biomethane production of Chinese food waste  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The lipase obtained from Aspergillums niger was applied to promote the hydrolysis of food waste for achieving high biomethane production. Two strategies of lipase additions were investigated. One (Group A) was to pre-treat food waste to pre-decompose lipid to fatty acids before anaerobic digestion, and another one (Group B) was to add lipase to anaerobic digester directly to degrade lipid inside digester. The lipase was used at the concentrations of 0.1%, 0.5%, and 1.0% (w/v). The results showed that Group A achieved higher biomethane production, TS and VS reductions than those of Group B. At 0.5% lipase concentration, Group A obtained experimental biomethane yield of 500.1 mL/g VSadd, 4.97%-26.50% higher than that of Group B. The maximum Bd of 73.8% was also achieved in Group A. Therefore, lipase pre-treatment strategy is recommended. This might provide one of alternatives for efficient biomethane production from food waste and mitigating environmental impact associated.

Ying Meng; Sang Li; Hairong Yuan; Dexun Zou; Yanping Liu; Baoning Zhu; Xiujin Li

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Overview of Aluminum  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Aluminum Overview of Aluminum Overview of Aluminum Session Coordinator: Mark T. Smith Pacific Northwest National Laboratory VT Merit Review 2008 February 28, 2008 2 Overview of...

69

Laser Welding of Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.. ) Laser Welding of Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys Welds made with sharp bevel-groove weld aluminum and by aluminum alloy 5456 have been studied. The results indicate that initial absorption varies of the most dramatic illustrations of the differences in beam characteristics occurs when welding aluminum

Eagar, Thomas W.

70

Reduction of Carbon Footprint and Energy Efficiency Improvement in Aluminum Production by Use of Novel Wireless Instrumentation Integrated with Mathematical Modeling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The work addressed the greenhouse gas emission and electrical energy consumption of the aluminum industry. The objective was to provide a means for reducing both through the application of wireless instrumentation, coupled to mathematical modeling. Worldwide the aluminum industry consumes more electrical energy than all activities in many major countries (e.g. the UK) and emits more greenhouse gasses (e.g. than France). Most of these excesses are in the 'primary production' of aluminum; that is the conversion of aluminum oxide to metal in large electrolytic cells operating at hundreds of thousands of amps. An industry-specific GHG emission has been the focus of the work. The electrolytic cells periodically, but at irregular intervals, experience an upset condition known as an 'anode effect'. During such anode effects the cells emit fluorinated hydrocarbons (PFCs, which have a high global warming potential) at a rate far greater than in normal operation. Therefore curbing anode effects will reduce GHG emissions. Prior work had indicated that the distribution of electrical current within the cell experiences significant shifts in the minutes before an anode effect. The thrust of the present work was to develop technology that could detect and report this early warning of an anode effect so that the control computer could minimize GHG emissions. A system was developed to achieve this goal and, in collaboration with Alcoa, was tested on two cells at an Alcoa plant in Malaga, Washington. The project has also pointed to the possibility of additional improvements that could result from the work. Notable among these is an improvement in efficiency that could result in an increase in cell output at little extra operating cost. Prospects for commercialization have emerged in the form of purchase orders for further installations. The work has demonstrated that a system for monitoring the current of individual anodes in an aluminum cell is practical. Furthermore the system has been installed twice on a smelter in the US without exposing workers to hazards usually associated with running signal wires in aluminum plants. The results display the early warning of an anode effect that potentially can be used to minimize such anode effects with their excessive GHG emissions. They also point to a possible, but substantial, economic benefit that could result in improved current efficiency by anode adjustment based on individual anode current measurements.

James W. Evans

2012-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

71

Production of aluminum-26  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This invention is a method of producing Al-26 from potassium chloride by exposing it to a proton beam in order to break potassium and chlorine atoms into smaller pieces, which include Al-26. The Al-26 is isolated from the potassium chloride and substances produced by the beam by means of extraction and ion exchange.

Steinkruger, F.J.; Phillips, D.R.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

72

Production of aluminum-26  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of producing Al-26 from potassium chloride by exposing it to a proton beam in order to break potassium and chlorine atoms into smaller pieces, which include Al-26. The Al-26 is isolated from the potassium chloride and other substances produced by the beam by means of extraction and ion exchange.

Steinkruger, Fred J. (Los Alamos, NM); Phillips, Dennis R. (Los Alamos, NM)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

ALUMINUM--2001 6.1 By Patricia A. Plunkert  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ALUMINUM--2001 6.1 ALUMINUM By Patricia A. Plunkert Domestic survey data and tables were prepared, international data coordinator. In 2001, 11 domestic companies operated 23 primary aluminum reduction plants in the Pacific Northwest, and low metal prices led several aluminum smelters to continue to reduce production

74

Aluminum | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Aluminum Aluminum U.S. aluminum producers recognize that energy efficiency offers a competitive edge in world markets. The aluminum industry has worked with AMO to develop a range...

75

LCA Food 2012towards sustainable food systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The production, transformation, distribution and consumption of food and drink contribute strongly to human prosperity and health. However, the food and agriculture sector also causes major environmental impacts....

Hayo M. G. van der Werf; Michael S. Corson

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Economic and environmental evaluation of end-of-life aerospace aluminum options using optimization methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The benefits of recycling have long been understood and the conspicuous energy savings of secondary aluminum production have caused aluminum recycling to increase. Obsolete aircraft are a valuable source of aluminum scrap ...

Chen, Emily, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Fabrication and applications of nanocomposite structures using anodized aluminum oxide membranes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hall, Process of Reducing Aluminum from its Fluoride SaltsFrary and Z. Jeffries, Aluminum and its Production, McGraw-1 (1948). J. E. Hatch, Aluminum Properties and Physical

Gapin, Andrew Isaac

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Towards closing the nitrogen flow in UK agriculture: An explorative study of integrated food and bioenergy production with increased nitrogen recirculation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Nitrogen is an essential growth factor in nature and for food production. It exists in many forms, including reactive nitrogen compounds available for plant uptake, (more)

Skenhall, Sara Alongi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Strategies for aluminum recycling : insights from material system optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dramatic increase in aluminum consumption over the past decades necessitates a societal effort to recycle and reuse these materials to promote true sustainability and energy savings in aluminum production. However, the ...

Li, Preston Pui-Chuen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Aluminum Carbothermic Technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the non-proprietary research and development conducted on the Aluminum Carbothermic Technology (ACT) project from contract inception on July 01, 2000 to termination on December 31, 2004. The objectives of the program were to demonstrate the technical and economic feasibility of a new carbothermic process for producing commercial grade aluminum, designated as the ''Advanced Reactor Process'' (ARP). The scope of the program ranged from fundamental research through small scale laboratory experiments (65 kW power input) to larger scale test modules at up to 1600 kW power input. The tasks included work on four components of the process, Stages 1 and 2 of the reactor, vapor recovery and metal alloy decarbonization; development of computer models; and economic analyses of capital and operating costs. Justification for developing a new, carbothermic route to aluminum production is defined by the potential benefits in reduced energy, lower costs and more favorable environmental characteristics than the conventional Hall-Heroult process presently used by the industry. The estimated metrics for these advantages include energy rates at approximately 10 kWh/kg Al (versus over 13 kWh/kg Al for Hall-Heroult), capital costs as low as $1250 per MTY (versus 4,000 per MTY for Hall-Heroult), operating cost reductions of over 10%, and up to 37% reduction in CO2 emissions for fossil-fuel power plants. Realization of these benefits would be critical to sustaining the US aluminum industries position as a global leader in primary aluminum production. One very attractive incentive for ARP is its perceived ability to cost effectively produce metal over a range of smelter sizes, not feasible for Hall-Heroult plants which must be large, 240,000 TPY or more, to be economical. Lower capacity stand alone carbothermic smelters could be utilized to supply molten metal at fabrication facilities similar to the mini-mill concept employed by the steel industry. Major accomplishments for the program include definition of the system thermo-chemistry, demonstration of reactor stage 1, development of reactor stage 2 critical components in a 500 kW module, experimental determination of the vapor recovery reactor fundamentals, detailed design and installation of an advanced stage 1/vapor recovery reactor, feasibility of efficient separation of Al-C metal alloy product, updated capital and operating cost estimates, and development of computer models for all steps of the Advanced Reactor Process.

Bruno, Marshall J.

2005-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food products aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

carleton.ca Food Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

); food safety (contaminants, food poisoning); and the sensory properties of food (taste, appearancecarleton.ca Food Science and Nutrition #12;The production and distribution of food is one on the effective processing, storage and handling of food. The field of food science integrates and applies

Dawson, Jeff W.

83

Novel methods of hydrogen production: aluminum-gallium-indium-tin systems and copper boron oxide as photocatalysts.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In recent years, hydrogen production and storage has attracted a lot of attention in both academia and industry due to its variety of applications in (more)

Lang, Yizhao

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

ALUMINUM--2003 5.1 By Patricia A. Plunkert  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, about 1.5 million metric tons per year (Mt/yr) of domestic primary aluminum smelting capacity, including idled potlines at operating smelters, equivalent to about 35% of total capacity, was closed. Aluminum and the container and packaging industries remained the leading markets for aluminum products in Canada

85

Roadmap of Agricultural Production and Food Safety Science and Technology Development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As Food is related to human survival and health, the countrys reputation and image, and the economic benefit and position in the international trade, it has become one of the hottest issues in the world now. ...

Qiguo Zhao; Jikun Huang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) impacts of a novel process for converting food waste to ethanol and co-products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Waste-to-ethanol conversion is a promising technology to provide renewable transportation fuel while mitigating feedstock risks and land use conflicts. It also has the potential to reduce environmental impacts from waste management such as greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that contribute to climate change. This paper analyzes the life cycle GHG emissions associated with a novel process for the conversion of food processing waste into ethanol (EtOH) and the co-products of compost and animal feed. Data are based on a pilot plant co-fermenting retail food waste with a sugary industrial wastewater, using a simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) process at room temperature with a grinding pretreatment. The process produced 295L EtOH/dry t feedstock. Lifecycle GHG emissions associated with the ethanol production process were 1458gCO2e/L EtOH. When the impact of avoided landfill emissions from diverting food waste to use as feedstock are considered, the process results in net negative GHG emissions and approximately 500% improvement relative to corn ethanol or gasoline production. This finding illustrates how feedstock and alternative waste disposal options have important implications in life cycle GHG results for waste-to-energy pathways.

Jacqueline Ebner; Callie Babbitt; Martin Winer; Brian Hilton; Anahita Williamson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Land-Use Analysis of Croplands for Sustainable Food and Energy Production in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

quality of renewable energy production and then assessingmagnitude of the renewable energy production (wind and/ora renewable energy portfolio to increase production capacity

Zumkehr, Andrew Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

(Data in thousand metric tons of metal unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2012, 5 companies operated 10 primary aluminum smelters; 4 smelters were  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­11): Canada, 62%; Russia, 7%; China, 5%; Mexico, 4%; and other, 22%. Tariff: Item Number Normal Trade@usgs.gov] #12;17 ALUMINUM with the amount exported in 2011, and imports of crude and semifabricated aluminum in 2012 were 21% higher than the amount imported in 2011. China, Canada, Mexico, and the Republic of Korea

89

Method of winning aluminum metal from aluminous ore  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Aluminous ore such as bauxite containing alumina is blended with coke or other suitable form of carbon and reacted with sulfur gas at an elevated temperature. For handling, the ore and coke can be extruded into conveniently sized pellets. The reaction with sulfur gas produces molten aluminum sulfide which is separated from residual solid reactants and impurities. The aluminum sulfide is further increased in temperature to cause its decomposition or sublimation, yielding aluminum subsulfide liquid (AlS) and sulfur gas that is recycled. The aluminum monosulfide is then cooled to below its disproportionation temperature to again form molten aluminum sulfide and aluminum metal. A liquid-liquid or liquid-solid separation, depending on the separation temperature, provides product aluminum and aluminum sulfide for recycle to the disproportionation step.

Loutfy, Raouf O. (Naperville, IL); Keller, Rudolf (Naperville, IL); Yao, Neng-Ping (Clarendon Hills, IL)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Aluminum  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Letters of Intent/Agreements Letters of Intent/Agreements Aluminum Association Logo The Aluminum Association and its members participating in the Voluntary Aluminum Industry Partnership (VAIP), representing 98% of primary aluminum production in the United States, have committed under the Climate VISION program to a direct carbon intensity reduction of emissions of perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and of emissions of CO2 from the consumption of the carbon anode from the primary aluminum reduction process. The Climate VISION target is a 53% total carbon equivalent reduction from these sources by 2010 from 1990 levels. The industry has been working to reduce greenhouse gas emissions for over a decade and this new commitment equates to an additional direct carbon-intensity reduction of 65% since 2000. As a

91

Proton production cross sections for reactions by 300- and 392-MeV protons on carbon, aluminum, and niobium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Proton productions from proton induced reactions have been investigated for target nuclei of {sup 12}C, {sup 27}Al, and {sup 93}Nb at 300 and 392 MeV. Proton inelastic continua over a broad energy range were measured at laboratory angles from 20 deg. to 105 deg. The differential cross sections were compared with two theoretical models, the quantum molecular dynamics (QMD) and the intranuclear cascade (INC) model in terms of the multistep direct process. We demonstrated that consistencies of these models can be improved using a realistic ground state of target nucleus, and that the INC model developed presently has a fairly good consistency and a higher predictive ability than the QMD.

Kin, Tadahiro; Saiho, Fuminobu; Hohara, Shinya; Ikeda, Katsuhiko; Ichikawa, Kiyohisa; Yamashita, Yusuke; Imamura, Minoru; Wakabayashi, Genichiro; Ikeda, Nobuo; Uozumi, Yusuke; Matabo, Masaru; Nakano, Masahiro; Koori, Norihiko [Department of Applied Quantum Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan); University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kita-kyushu 807-8555 (Japan); Faculty of integrated Arts and Sciences, University of Tokushima, Tokushima 770-8502 (Japan)

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Aluminum: Resources and Links -  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Federal/State Programs Federal/State Programs DOE Aluminum Industry of the Future Collaborative R&D partnerships between DOE Industrial Technologies Program and industry to maximize technology investments. EPA Voluntary Aluminum Industrial Partnership The Voluntary Aluminum Industrial Partnership (VAIP) is an innovative pollution prevention program developed jointly by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the primary aluminum industry. Participating companies (Partners) work with EPA to improve aluminum production efficiency while reducing perfluorocarbon (PFC) emissions, potent greenhouse gases that may remain in the atmosphere for thousands of years. See all Federal/State Programs DOE State Activities For information on activities, financial assistance, and solicitations

93

Effects of different enzyme treatments in extraction of total folate from infant formula, baby foods and other food products prior to microbiological assay and radioassay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Four different enzyme treatments-conjugase alone, conjugase and alpha-amylase, conjugase and Pronase{reg sign} and a triple enzyme combination of conjugase, Pronase {reg sign} and alpha-amylase were applied in the extraction of total folate from infant formula, baby foods and various other foods by microbiological and radioassay methods. Significant increases (P < 0.05) in measurable folate were obtained using the triple enzyme system in spinach, Camembert cheese, soy-based infant formula and cereal-based, meat-based and fruit-based infant foods over the use of conjugase alone by the microbiological method. Increases were also observed in many of the same foods using Pronase{reg sign} or alpha-amylase in addition to conjugase alone. Increases obtained by microbiological assay were confirmed by radioassay in a number of foods studied.

De Souza, S.C.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Spray Rolling Aluminum Strip  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spray forming is a competitive low-cost alternative to ingot metallurgy for manufacturing ferrous and non-ferrous alloy shapes. It produces materials with a reduced number of processing steps, while maintaining materials properties, with the possibility of near-net-shape manufacturing. However, there are several hurdles to large-scale commercial adoption of spray forming: 1) ensuring strip is consistently flat, 2) eliminating porosity, particularly at the deposit/substrate interface, and 3) improving material yield. Through this program, a new strip/sheet casting process, termed spray rolling, has been developed, which is an innovative manufacturing technique to produce aluminum net-shape products. Spray rolling combines the benefits of twin-roll casting and conventional spray forming, showing a promising potential to overcome the above hurdles associated with spray forming. Spray rolling requires less energy and generates less scrap than conventional processes and, consequently, enables the development of materials with lower environmental impacts in both processing and final products. Spray Rolling was developed as a collaborative project between the University of California-Davis, the Colorado School of Mines, the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, and an industry team. The following objectives of this project were achieved: (1) Demonstration of the feasibility of the spray rolling process at the bench-scale level and evaluation of the materials properties of spray rolled aluminum strip alloys; and (2) Demonstration of 2X scalability of the process and documentation of technical hurdles to further scale up and initiate technology transfer to industry for eventual commercialization of the process.

Lavernia, E.J.; Delplanque, J-P; McHugh, K.M.

2006-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

95

Comparing internal and alliance-based New Product Development processes: case studies in the food industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports a comparative two-case design study of in-house NPD projects as well as alliance-based NPD projects in a food company. Two contradicting propositions of the efficiency of NPD in an alliance compared with NPD performed internally are stated, and the findings indicate that the alliance-based NPD solution creates a better context for NPD than the in-house solution. The observed pattern may be interpreted in terms of the framework developed by evolutionary economics, which states that what a firm can do is mainly determined by its organisationally embedded routines.

Nina Veflen Olsen; Geir Gripsrud

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Aluminum: Resources...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Industry Associations Aluminum Association The Aluminum Association, Inc. is the trade association for producers of primary aluminum, recyclers and semi-fabricated aluminum...

97

ITP Aluminum: Aluminum Industry Technology Roadmap  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In 2002, the industry created this updated Aluminum Industry Technology Roadmap to define the specific research and development priorities, performance targets, and milestones required to achieve the set vision.

98

A scenario based analysis of land competition between food and bioenergy production in the US  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Greenhouse gas abatement policies will increase the demand for renewable sources of energy, including bioenergy. In combination with a global growing demand ... competition for bio-productive land. Proponents of

Daniel J. A. Johansson; Christian Azar

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Distribution of Fumonisins in Food and Feed Products Prepared from Contaminated Corn  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fate and distribution of the fumonisins B1 (FB1) and B2 (FB2...) were determined in products obtained from naturally contaminated corn used for ethanol fermentation and wet milling operations. Fumonisins are ...

Glenn A. Bennett; John L. Richard; Steve R. Eckhoff

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

The impact of including water constraints on food production within a CGE framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research explores the long-term relationship between water resources, irrigated land use change and crop production within a computable general equilibrium modeling framework. The modeling approach is developed on a ...

Baker, Jonathan (Jonathan Early)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food products aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Montana State University 1 Sustainable Food &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, bioenergy production, marketing, distribution, and local food systems. Sustainable Food Systems OptionMontana State University 1 Sustainable Food & Bioenergy Systems This program is a unique, processing, distribution, and utilization of food and bioenergy. The degree focuses on ecologically sound

Maxwell, Bruce D.

102

Waste-heat mariculture of striped bass for population enhancement and food production. Final report on Phase 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Biological and economic data were obtained to determine whether the culture of striped bass (Morona saxatilis) in power plant thermal effluent could be a cost-effective means of utilizing an otherwise wasted energy resource to provide additional supplies of high-quality seafood. Experiments were conducted to provide some of the data necessary to predict tank-carrying capacity, food-conversion efficiency, and water flow requirements for striped bass cultured at high density in future commercial-scale operations. Computer models were developed for several modes of operation of a theoretical commercial production facility, and return-on-investment calculations were made which indicated that substantial profits are possible. At these sites, no heating or pumping of water would be required, and an annual return-on-operating costs of 103% was estimated.

Van Olst, J.C.; Carlberg, J.M.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Aluminum-Catalyzed Intramolecular Hydroamination of Aminoalkenes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aluminum-catalyzed intramolecular hydroamination ofgroup 13 metals such as aluminum are exceedingly inexpensive

Koller, Juergen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Process for mitigating corrosion and increasing the conductivity of steel studs in soderberg anodes of aluminum reduction cells  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A corrosion resistant electrically conductive coating on steel anode studs used in the production of aluminum by electrolysis.

Oden, Laurance L. (Albany, OR); White, Jack C. (Albany, OR); Ramsey, James A. (The Dalles, OR)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Aluminum monocarbonyl and aluminum isocarbonyl Steve S. Wesolowski,a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aluminum monocarbonyl and aluminum isocarbonyl Steve S. Wesolowski,a) T. Daniel Crawford,b) Justin of the aluminum monocarbonyl species AlCO and AlOC have been performed to predict the geometries, fragmentation, Ogden, and Oswald6 first isolated aluminum dicarbonyls in solid krypton and identified the species

Crawford, T. Daniel

106

One step process for producing dense aluminum nitride and composites thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A one step combustion process for the synthesis of dense aluminum nitride compositions is disclosed. The process comprises igniting pure aluminum powder in a nitrogen atmosphere at a pressure of about 1000 atmospheres or higher. The process enables the production of aluminum nitride bodies to be formed directly in a mold of any desired shape.

Holt, J. Birch (San Jose, CA); Kingman, Donald D. (Danville, CA); Bianchini, Gregory M. (Livermore, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Biofuel contribution to mitigate fossil fuel CO 2 emissions: Comparing sugar cane ethanol in Brazil with corn ethanol and discussing land use for food production and deforestation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper compares the use of sugar cane and corn for the production of ethanol with a focus on global warming and the current international debate about land use competition for food and biofuel production. The indicators used to compare the products are CO 2 emissions energy consumption sugar cane coproducts and deforestation. The life cycle emission inventory as a methodological tool is taken into account. The sustainability of socioeconomic development and the developing countries need to overcome barriers form the background against which the Brazilian government energy plans are analyzed.

Luiz Pinguelli Rosa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

DEFLECTION MEASUREMENTS OF 25 mm ALUMINUM COLLARS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MEASUREMENTS OF 25 mm ALUMINUM COLLARS C. Peters LawrenceMEASUREMENTS OF 25 mm ALUMINUM COLLARS" C. Peters Lawrenceinch thick 7075- T6 aluminum alloy plate. Inside corners

Peters, C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Energy implications of the changing world of aluminum metal supply  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Driven primarily by energy considerations, there has been a major change in the geographical distribution of primary aluminum production over the past few decades, even as the energy efficiency of the process ...

Subodh K. Das; W. Jerry Long III; H. Wayne Hayden; John A. S. Green

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

ALUMINUM--1997 5.1 By Patricia A. Plunkert  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Reynolds Metals Co. announced the planned restart of limited production at its Troutdale, OR, primary aluminum smelter by February 1998 at an annual rate of 27,000 tons. The Troutdale smelter, which has

111

ENZYMES AND MICROORGANISMS IN FOOD INDUSTRY WASTE PROCESSING AND CONVERSION TO USEFUL PRODUCTS: A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Presented at the Symposium on Enzymes in the Food Processingowned rights. Title: Enzymes and Mi Conversi on isms i A I sis not harves Potential for enzyme Given conversion can usea

Carroad, P.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Biological hydrogen production by anaerobic digestion of food waste and sewage sludge treated using various pretreatment technologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to enhance the efficiency of anaerobic co-digestion with sewage sludge using pretreatment technologies and food waste. We studied the effects of various pretreatment methods (thermal...

Seungjin Kim; Kwangkeun Choi; Jong-Oh Kim; Jinwook Chung

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Consumer approval of genetic modification of food products: a comparison of United States and South Korean perspectives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

who possessed an accurate knowledge of the applications and outcomes of GM technology were more likely to approve of its use for the creation of foods than those who had inaccurate or no knowledge of the technology. Additionally, the majority...

Gillett, Mary Caperton

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

114

Regeneration of aluminum hydride  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides methods and materials for the formation of hydrogen storage alanes, AlH.sub.x, where x is greater than 0 and less than or equal to 6 at reduced H.sub.2 pressures and temperatures. The methods rely upon reduction of the change in free energy of the reaction between aluminum and molecular H.sub.2. The change in free energy is reduced by lowering the entropy change during the reaction by providing aluminum in a state of high entropy, by increasing the magnitude of the change in enthalpy of the reaction or combinations thereof.

Graetz, Jason Allan (Mastic, NY); Reilly, James J. (Bellport, NY)

2009-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

115

Aluminum battery alloys  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Aluminum alloys suitable for use as anode structures in electrochemical cells are disclosed. These alloys include iron levels higher than previously felt possible, due to the presence of controlled amounts of manganese, with possible additions of magnesium and controlled amounts of gallium.

Thompson, D.S.; Scott, D.H.

1984-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

116

Aluminum battery alloys  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Aluminum alloys suitable for use as anode structures in electrochemical cs are disclosed. These alloys include iron levels higher than previously felt possible, due to the presence of controlled amounts of manganese, with possible additions of magnesium and controlled amounts of gallium.

Thompson, David S. (Richmond, VA); Scott, Darwin H. (Mechanicsville, VA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Impact of Aluminum on Anticipated Corrosion in a Flooded SNF Multi Canister Overpack (MCO)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Corrosion reactions in a flooded MCO are examined to determine the impact of aluminum corrosion products (from aluminum basket grids and spacers) on bound water estimates and subsequent fuel/environment reactions during storage. The mass and impact of corrosion products were determined to be insignificant, validating the choice of aluminum as an MCO component and confirming expectations that no changes to the Technical Databook or particulate mass or water content are necessary.

DUNCAN, D.R.

1999-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

118

PRODUCTION  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ABOUT AS CLOSE as a U. S. plant can be to rich Caribbean bauxite deposits, close to natural gas supplies, close to caustic soda suppliesthese factors enable Reynolds Metals to cut transportation costs in its La Quinta-San Patricio aluminum processing facilities near Corpus Christi, Tex. ... The Corpus Christi faculties consist of two plants, La Quinta, which converts bauxite to aluminum oxide, and San Patricio, which reduces the alumina to metallic aluminum. ...

1954-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

119

PRODUCTION  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Booklet describing in pictorial sequence the process of reducing alumina to aluminum pig at the Reynolds Metals' plant in Troutdale, Ore. ...

1952-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

120

ITP Aluminum: Energy and Environmental Profile of the U.S. Aluminum...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Energy and Environmental Profile of the U.S. Aluminum Industry aluminum.pdf More Documents & Publications ITP Aluminum: Technical Working Group on Inert Anode Technologies...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food products aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Differences of growth response to aluminum excess of two Melaleuca trees differing in aluminum resistance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M, Yamanoshita T, Kojima K. , Role of aluminum-bindingligands in aluminum resistance of Eucalyptus camaldulensissoils, low pH and excess aluminum are the primary factors

Houman, Yoshifumi; Tahara, Ko; Shinmachi, Fumie; Noguchi, Akira; Satohiko, Sasaki; Hasegawa, Isao

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Aluminum: Resources and Links -  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Resources & Links Resources & Links Technical Information Publications Case Studies Publications Some of the following publications are available for download as Adobe PDF documents. Download Acrobat Reader Factors Affecting Emissions from Commercial Aluminum Reduction Cells (PDF 316 KB) The U.S. EPA and the Aluminum Association sponsored measurements of two perfluorocarbon (PFC) gases: tetrafluoromethane and hexafluoroethane. The measurements at six primary aluminum production facilities provided data on emissions of these compounds during normal aluminum smelting operations. Technology and Economics of Reducing PFC Emissions from Aluminium Production (PDF 139 KB) The paper, presented in 2002 at the Third International Symposium on Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases (NCGG-3), provides an overview of global efforts

123

Carbon Strategy for the Food Industry FAPC Food Process Engineer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Kerr Food & Agricultural Products Center FOOD TECHNOLOGY FACT SHEET 405-744-6071 · www.fapc.bizAdding Value to Oklahoma f a p c Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service · Division of Agricultural Sciences issues for food processors: · Green house gas (GHG) · Carbon footprint · Life cycle assessment (LCA

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

124

ALUMINUM--2002 5.1 A reference that includes a section mark () is found in the Internet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.5 million metric tons per year (Mt/yr) of domestic primary aluminum smelting capacity, equivalent to 35% of total capacity, was closed. Aluminum recovered from purchased scrap decreased slightly to 2 remained the largest markets for aluminum products in Canada and the United States in 2002

125

This is SLU Alnarp SLU Alnarp is situated in Sweden's most dynamic agricultural, horticultural and food production region,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's growing population with food, clean water, fibres, materials and energy using sus- tainable methods. Re- search fields include the history of horticulture, administration of outdoor urban environments with trade and industry and collaborations in agriculture and horticulture. TILLV?XT TR?DG?RD

126

Food Safety and Meat Microbiology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Food Safety and Meat Microbiology School July 17-19, 2012 Master Meat Crafter Program Department) and the University of Wisconsin-Madison Meat Science Laboratory are again hosting the Food Safety and Meat your food safety systems and the safety of your products. Topics will include microbiology, sanitation

Sheridan, Jennifer

127

Reactions of aluminum with uranium fluorides and oxyfluorides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Every 30 to 40 million operating hours a destructive reaction is observed in one of the {approximately}4000 large compressors that move UF{sub 6} through the gaseous diffusion plants. Despite its infrequency, such a reaction can be costly in terms of equipment and time. Laboratory experiments reveal that the presence of moderate pressures of UF{sub 6} actually cools heated aluminum, although thermodynamic calculations indicate the potential for a 3000-4000{degrees}C temperature rise. Within a narrow and rather low (<100 torr; 1 torr = 133.322 Pa) pressure range, however, the aluminum is seen to react with sufficient heat release to soften an alumina boat. Three things must occur in order for aluminum to react vigorously with either UF{sub 6} or UO{sub 2}F{sub 2}. 1. An initiating source of heat must be provided. In the compressors, this source can be friction, permitted by disruption of the balance of the large rotating part or by creep of the aluminum during a high-temperature treatment. In the absence of this heat source, compressors have operated for 40 years in UF{sub 6} without significant reaction. 2. The film protecting the aluminum must be breached. Melting (of UF{sub 5} at 620 K or aluminum at 930 K) can cause such a breach in laboratory experiments. In contrast, holding Al samples in UF{sub 6} at 870 K for several hours produces only moderate reaction. Rubbing in the cascade can undoubtedly breach the protective film. 3. Reaction products must not build up and smother the reaction. While uranium products tend to dissolve or dissipate in molten aluminum, AIF{sub 3} shows a remarkable tendency to surround and hence protect even molten aluminum. Hence the initial temperature rise must be rapid and sufficient to move reactants into a temperature region in which products are removed from the reaction site.

Leitnaker, J.M.; Nichols, R.W.; Lankford, B.S. [Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

128

Possible Reasons Why Aluminum is a Beneficial Element for Melastoma malabathricum, an Aluminum Accumulator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of adaptation to high aluminum condition in native plantit has been well known that aluminum (Al) toxicity restricts

Watanabe, Toshihiro; Osaki, Mitsuru

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Cost-Effective Consolidation of Fine Aluminum Scrap for Increased Remelting Effieciency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main objective of this research was to develop a new re-melting process for fine or light gauge aluminum scrap products that exhibits dramatic improvements in energy efficiency. Light gauge aluminum scrap in the form of chips, turnings, and borings has historically been underutilized in the aluminum recycling process due to its high surface area to volume ratio resulting in low melt recovery. Laboratory scale consolidation experiments were performed using loose aluminum powder as a modeling material as well as shredded aluminum wire scrap. The processing parameters necessary to create consolidated aluminum material were determined. Additionally, re-melting experiments using consolidated and unconsolidated aluminum powder confirmed the hypothesis that metal recovery using consolidated material will significantly improve by as much as 20%. Based on this research, it is estimated that approximately 495 billion Btu/year can be saved by implementation of this technology in one domestic aluminum rolling plant alone. The energy savings are realized by substituting aluminum scrap for primary aluminum, which requires large amounts of energy to produce. While there will be an initial capital investment, companies will benefit from the reduction of dependence on primary aluminum thus saving considerable costs. Additionally, the technology will allow companies to maintain in-house alloy scrap, rather than purchasing from other vendors and eliminate the need to discard the light gauge scrap to landfills.

William Van Geertruyden

2005-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

130

Membrane Purification Cell for Aluminum Recycling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recycling mixed aluminum scrap usually requires adding primary aluminum to the scrap stream as a diluent to reduce the concentration of non-aluminum constituents used in aluminum alloys. Since primary aluminum production requires approximately 10 times more energy than melting scrap, the bulk of the energy and carbon dioxide emissions for recycling are associated with using primary aluminum as a diluent. Eliminating the need for using primary aluminum as a diluent would dramatically reduce energy requirements, decrease carbon dioxide emissions, and increase scrap utilization in recycling. Electrorefining can be used to extract pure aluminum from mixed scrap. Some example applications include producing primary grade aluminum from specific scrap streams such as consumer packaging and mixed alloy saw chips, and recycling multi-alloy products such as brazing sheet. Electrorefining can also be used to extract valuable alloying elements such as Li from Al-Li mixed scrap. This project was aimed at developing an electrorefining process for purifying aluminum to reduce energy consumption and emissions by 75% compared to conventional technology. An electrolytic molten aluminum purification process, utilizing a horizontal membrane cell anode, was designed, constructed, operated and validated. The electrorefining technology could also be used to produce ultra-high purity aluminum for advanced materials applications. The technical objectives for this project were to: - Validate the membrane cell concept with a lab-scale electrorefining cell; - Determine if previously identified voltage increase issue for chloride electrolytes holds for a fluoride-based electrolyte system; - Assess the probability that voltage change issues can be solved; and - Conduct a market and economic analysis to assess commercial feasibility. The process was tested using three different binary alloy compositions (Al-2.0 wt.% Cu, Al-4.7 wt.% Si, Al-0.6 wt.% Fe) and a brazing sheet scrap composition (Al-2.8 wt.% Si-0.7 wt.% Fe-0.8 wt.% Mn),. Purification factors (defined as the initial impurity concentration divided by the final impurity concentration) of greater than 20 were achieved for silicon, iron, copper, and manganese. Cell performance was measured using its current and voltage characteristics and composition analysis of the anode, cathode, and electrolytes. The various cells were autopsied as part of the study. Three electrolyte systems tested were: LiCl-10 wt. % AlCl3, LiCl-10 wt. % AlCl3-5 wt.% AlF3 and LiF-10 wt.% AlF3. An extended four-day run with the LiCl-10 wt.% AlCl3-5 wt.% AlF3 electrolyte system was stable for the entire duration of the experiment, running at energy requirements about one third of the Hoopes and the conventional Hall-Heroult process. Three different anode membranes were investigated with respect to their purification performance and survivability: a woven graphite cloth with 0.05 cm nominal thickness & > 90 % porosity, a drilled rigid membrane with nominal porosity of 33%, and another drilled rigid graphite membrane with increased thickness. The latter rigid drilled graphite was selected as the most promising membrane design. The economic viability of the membrane cell to purify scrap is sensitive to primary & scrap aluminum prices, and the cost of electricity. In particular, it is sensitive to the differential between scrap and primary aluminum price which is highly variable and dependent on the scrap source. In order to be economically viable, any scrap post-processing technology in the U.S. market must have a total operating cost well below the scrap price differential of $0.20-$0.40 per lb to the London Metal Exchange (LME), a margin of 65%-85% of the LME price. The cost to operate the membrane cell is estimated to be < $0.24/lb of purified aluminum. The energy cost is estimated to be $0.05/lb of purified aluminum with the remaining costs being repair and maintenance, electrolyte, labor, taxes and depreciation. The bench-scale work on membrane purification cell process has demonstrated technological advantages and subs

David DeYoung; James Wiswall; Cong Wang

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

131

Polonium-210 and lead-210 in food and tobacco products: a review of parameters and an estimate of potential exposure and dose  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Food-chain transport of Pb-210 and Po-210 from soil to edible plant parts and from animal feed to meat and milk were evaluated from a review of literature. The degree of transfer was characterized by estimating concentration factors (unweighted arithmetic means) as well as the transfer coefficients B/sub v/, B/sub r/ (unweighted geometric means, f/sub m/ and f/sub f/ (unweighted arithmetic means). Global dietary intake of Pb-210 and Po-210 was also summarized, and 50-year dose estimates to target organs calculated. The greatest estimated ingestion doses were those to populations with large dietary complements of animal protein in the form of seafood (Japan) or caribou/reindeer muscle and organ meats (Arctic Eskimos and Lapps). The magnitude of this latter source illustrates the importance of simple food chains in generating significant exposures to populations dependent upon them. The origin and magnitude of inhalation exposure and dose from tobacco products was also assessed. For the majority of internal organs evaluated, the dose resulting from smoking commercially available tobacco products is comparable to or greater than the dose estimates for ingestion of naturally occurring dietary Pb-210 and Po-210.

Watson, A.P.

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Modeling Texture Evolution during Recrystallization in Aluminum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling Texture Evolution during Recrystallization in Aluminum Abhijit Brahme1,2 , Joseph Fridy3, Aluminum, Grain Boundary Mobility, Nucleation, Oriented Growth, Oriented Nucleation, Stored Energy, Monte Carlo Modeling. #12;Modeling Texture Evolution during Recrystallization in Aluminum 2 1. Introduction

Rollett, Anthony D.

133

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Aluminum: Results  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Results Results The Aluminum Association and the federal government have document progress in the Climate Vision program. The results are measured by metrics developed by the industry, in partnership with the government, and reported. Progress will also be tracked under the umbrella of the Voluntary Aluminum Industrial Partnership website. Please check back on this website and the Energy Information Agency website for updates. In 2005, the industry achieved the goal set for 2010. A 56 percent reduction in direct process emissions per ton of production, including combined reductions in PFC's and CO2, exceeds the 53 percent commitment for 2010. Further progress is expected in the industry, however complications from high power costs and potential curtailments make predictions for further reductions

134

FOOD SECURITY: WAYS FORWARD THROUGH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOOD SECURITY: WAYS FORWARD THROUGH COOPERATIVE PRODUCTION AND MARKETING1 "Given the chance, poor. The Sustainable Community Connections project, coordinated by AWISH-HELLAS, seeks to address food security issues) olive oil-related products, with targeting of markets in the European Union (EU) and United States (US

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

135

More Aluminum due by 1968  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two more primary aluminum producers are promising more capacity to a hungry aluminum market. Anaconda will build a new potline at its reduction plant at Columbia Falls, Mont., and Reynolds Metals is planning four new ones in the Northwest.These ...

1966-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

136

Food Safety Assurance Systems: Food Safety and Ethics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this article, ethical issues related to food operations and food safety are discussed. The article starts out by raising the question: What is ethics? Concepts such as, the utilitarian approach, rights approach, fairness or justice approach, common good approach, and virtue approach are briefly explained as an introduction to the further discussion of ethical dilemmas in relation to food safety. Dilemmas related to specific food safety issues, as unpasteurized cheese production and genetically modified organisms among others, are used to illustrate the problems. The precautionary principle and problems related to ethical decision making for the food industry are also presented.

N. Veflen Olsen; Y Motarjemi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Aluminum Zintl anion moieties within sodium aluminum clusters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Through a synergetic combination of anion photoelectron spectroscopy and density functional theory based calculations, we have established that aluminum moieties within selected sodium-aluminum clusters are Zintl anions. Sodiumaluminum cluster anions, Na{sub m}Al{sub n}{sup ?}, were generated in a pulsed arc discharge source. After mass selection, their photoelectron spectra were measured by a magnetic bottle, electron energy analyzer. Calculations on a select sub-set of stoichiometries provided geometric structures and full charge analyses for both cluster anions and their neutral cluster counterparts, as well as photodetachment transition energies (stick spectra), and fragment molecular orbital based correlation diagrams.

Wang, Haopeng; Zhang, Xinxing; Ko, Yeon Jae; Grubisic, Andrej; Li, Xiang; Gantefr, Gerd; Bowen, Kit H., E-mail: AKandalam@wcupa.edu, E-mail: kiran@mcneese.edu, E-mail: kbowen@jhu.edu [Department of Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States); Schnckel, Hansgeorg [Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76128 Karlsruhe (Germany)] [Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76128 Karlsruhe (Germany); Eichhorn, Bryan W. [Department of Chemistry, University of Maryland at College Park, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry, University of Maryland at College Park, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States); Lee, Mal-Soon; Jena, P. [Department of Physics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23284 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23284 (United States); Kandalam, Anil K., E-mail: AKandalam@wcupa.edu, E-mail: kiran@mcneese.edu, E-mail: kbowen@jhu.edu [Department of Physics, West Chester University of Pennsylvania, West Chester, Pennsylvania 19383 (United States); Kiran, Boggavarapu, E-mail: AKandalam@wcupa.edu, E-mail: kiran@mcneese.edu, E-mail: kbowen@jhu.edu [Department of Chemistry, McNeese State University, Lake Charles, Louisiana 70609 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry, McNeese State University, Lake Charles, Louisiana 70609 (United States)

2014-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

138

EUROSPF Conference APPLICATION TECHNOLOGY OF ALUMINUM BLOW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

6th EUROSPF Conference APPLICATION TECHNOLOGY OF ALUMINUM BLOW FORMING FOR AUTOMOTIVE CLOSURE PANEL Replacement by aluminum for the closure panels is one of the common methods for lightening car body. However. As a solution to cover the low stamping formability of aluminum, Blow forming technology of aluminum which

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

139

Electron Beam--21st Century Food Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This publication explains electron beam irradiation technology to consumers, industry professionals and government officials. Electron beam irradiation is a method of treating food and other products for pathogens that might jeopardize food safety....

Vestal, Andy

2003-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

140

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing food consumption Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of transportation within a sector. Although, the animal source food production and consumption systems assessed have... production through consumption. Animal source foods...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food products aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Aluminum across the Americas: Caribbean Mobilities and Transnational American Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E. Jamaica in the World Aluminum Industry, 18381973, Vol.2007. Doordan, Dennis. Promoting Aluminum: Designers andthe American Aluminum Industry. Design Issues 9, no. 2 (

Sheller, Mimi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Aluminum-detoxifying compounds in roots of Eucalyptus camaldulensis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M, Yamanoshita T, Kojima K, Role of aluminum-bindingligands in aluminum resistance of Eucalyptus camaldulensisH, Sasaki S, Kojima K. Aluminum distribution and reactive

Tahara, Ko; Hashida, Koh; Ohara, Seiji; Kojima, Katsumi; Shinohara, Kenji

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Purdue extension Food Entrepreneurship Series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pesticides and fertilizers, including sewage sludge, and with- out adding synthetic ingredients. Foods cannot agent in the state of Indiana. Certifica- tion applications for farmers, livestock producers, and food agricultural products do not need to be certified. However, land The sample cereal boxes above illustrate

144

Peak Oil Food Network | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Network Network Jump to: navigation, search Name Peak Oil Food Network Place Crested Butte, Colorado Zip 81224 Website http://www.PeakOilFoodNetwork. References Peak Oil Food Network[1] LinkedIn Connections This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. The Peak Oil Food Network is a networking organization located in Crested Butte, Colorado, and is open to the general public that seeks to promote the creation of solutions to the challenge of food production impacted by the peak phase of global oil production. Private citizens are encouraged to join and contribute by adding comments, writing blog posts or adding to discussions about food and oil related topics. Peak Oil Food Network can be followed on Twitter at: http://www.Twitter.com/PeakOilFoodNtwk Peak Oil Food Network on Twitter

145

Our Local Story SU Food Services recognizes the positive environmental  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Our Local Story SU Food Services recognizes the positive environmental and economic impact comes from local dairies. By buying these local products, Food Services is sup- porting local farmers Paper ­ paper products, food service supplies Madina Halal Meat & Grocery Store ­ Halal foods Mimi

Mather, Patrick T.

146

Developing sustainable food supply chains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...unavailable, and oil palm estate and cooperative schemes...value from (more) sustainable production, especially...being developed by the Sustainable Agriculture Initiative...achieve separately (Sustainable Food Laboratory 2005...businesses focus on making a real difference and often...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

FOOD AND DRINK REGULATIONS Serving hot food  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

legislation. · The food must be prepared and cooked off site. Preparing food implies any form of preparation

O'Mahony, Donal E.

148

Scaleable Clean Aluminum Melting Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The project entitled 'Scaleable Clean Aluminum Melting Systems' was a Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADAs) between Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Secat Inc. The three-year project was initially funded for the first year and was then canceled due to funding cuts at the DOE headquarters. The limited funds allowed the research team to visit industrial sites and investigate the status of using immersion heaters for aluminum melting applications. Primary concepts were proposed on the design of furnaces using immersion heaters for melting. The proposed project can continue if the funding agency resumes the funds to this research. The objective of this project was to develop and demonstrate integrated, retrofitable technologies for clean melting systems for aluminum in both the Metal Casting and integrated aluminum processing industries. The scope focused on immersion heating coupled with metal circulation systems that provide significant opportunity for energy savings as well as reduction of melt loss in the form of dross. The project aimed at the development and integration of technologies that would enable significant reduction in the energy consumption and environmental impacts of melting aluminum through substitution of immersion heating for the conventional radiant burner methods used in reverberatory furnaces. Specifically, the program would couple heater improvements with furnace modeling that would enable cost-effective retrofits to a range of existing furnace sizes, reducing the economic barrier to application.

Han, Q.; Das, S.K. (Secat, Inc.)

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

149

Iodine content of food groups  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The iodine content of several kinds of foods representing different product groups available on the Swiss market was analyzed by isotope dilution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry using the enriched long-lived nuclide 129I. Considerable variations in levels of iodine between single foodstuffs within food groups were found, which also applied for levels in different food groups. The contribution of the food groups to the average daily iodine intake for the Swiss population was estimated from recent food consumption data. Bread and milk were identified as significant sources of iodine in the Swiss diet as they contributed 58 and 29?g/day, respectively. The estimated contribution of all basic food groups to the per capita intake of iodine was approximately 140?g/day, which was somewhat below the amount recognized for adequate nutrition (150?g/day). In view of the additional consumption of iodized kitchen salt, an average of 140?g/day underestimates the actual iodine intake.

M. Haldimann; A. Alt; A. Blanc; K. Blondeau

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Joining of 6061 Aluminum Matrix-Ceramic Particle Reinforced Composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) ) Joining of 6061 Aluminum Matrix-Ceramic Particle Reinforced Composites by R. Kiehn and T. W................... .. ....... ... ... 3 Literature Review ......... ...... ..... ... . . 3 Conventional Aluminum Brazing ........ 4 Aluminum Composite Joining ........... 5 Aluminum Joining by Unconventional Methods

Eagar, Thomas W.

151

Nanotube Fabrication byNanotube Fabrication by Anodic Aluminum Oxide,Anodic Aluminum Oxide,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotube Fabrication byNanotube Fabrication by Anodic Aluminum Oxide,Anodic Aluminum Oxide, Self-regulating phenomena in materials science: Self-assembly of nanopores during anodic oxidation of aluminum (AAO) Self combined anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) nanostructures with atomic layer deposition (ALD) to fabricate

Rubloff, Gary W.

152

Aluminum in Superconducting Magnets Robert J. Weggel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aluminum in Superconducting Magnets Robert J. Weggel Magnet Optimization Research Engineering is aluminum, either ultrapure, as quenchstabilization matrix metal, and/or alloyed and coldworked and heat for magnets in which the stresses and strains are modest. The strongest aluminum alloy commercially available

McDonald, Kirk

153

Aluminum: Principled Scenario Exploration through Minimality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aluminum: Principled Scenario Exploration through Minimality Tim Nelson1, Salman Saghafi1, Daniel J. We present Aluminum, a modification of Alloy that presents only minimal scenarios: those that contain no more than is necessary. Aluminum lets users explore the scenario space by adding to scenarios

Dougherty, Daniel J.

154

Aluminum--2004 5. Areferencethatincludesasectionmark()isfoundintheinternet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aluminum--2004 5. Areferencethatincludesasectionmark(§)isfoundintheinternet ReferenceCitedsection. Aluminum ByPatriciaA.Plunkert Domestic survey data and tables were prepared by Benjamin S. Goff.S.GeologicalSurvey(uSGS)requestforproductiondata. CommercialDevelopmentCo.(CDC)ofSt.louis,mO, boughtKaiserAluminumCorp.'s200,000-metric-ton-per-year (t

155

Aluminum: Principled Scenario Exploration through Minimality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aluminum: Principled Scenario Exploration through Minimality Tim Nelson1, Salman Saghafi1, Daniel J Aluminum, a modification of Alloy that presents only minimal scenarios: those that contain no more than is necessary. Aluminum lets users explore the scenario space by adding to scenarios and backtracking. It also

Krishnamurthi, Shriram

156

MODELING OF ALUMINUM NANOPARTICLE FORMATION R. Schefflan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MODELING OF ALUMINUM NANOPARTICLE FORMATION R. Schefflan D. Kalyon S. Kovenklioglu Stevens Picatinny Arsenal's process for making alumina coated nanoparticles of aluminum involves the conversion of gaseous aluminum, in the presence of helium carrier gas, to solid nanoparticles and their subsequent

157

Holiday Foods.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

28 28 2 2trJ 29 29 2" ~ .____./ 30 30 30 30 30 HOLIDAY FOODS Frances L. Reasonover and Mary K. Sweeten* The flavor , color, temperature and texture of foods enhance holiday occasions. However, in addition to attractiveness and taste... and almond extract. Serves 75 to 100. APRICOT PUNCH 2 large cans of apricots put through a sieve, or 2 large cans apricot nectar 4 cups orange juice 2 cups lemon juice 1 quart ginger ale 1 1/2 gallons lime or orange sherbet Sweetener may be added...

Reasonover, Frances L.; Sweeten, Mary K.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

An Energy Conservation Program in the Food Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM IN THE FOOD INDUSTRY Carl T. Farner General Foods Corporation White Plains, General Foods Corporation is one of the largest food manufacturing companies in the United States. It's brand names are well known..., covering a wide range of food products. Maxwell House coffee, Post cereals, Birds Eye frozen vegetables, Jell-O desserts and Kool-Aid powdered drink mixes are some of the more prominent ones. The company also manufactures some food ingredients...

Farner, C. T.

159

Energy-Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology (E-SMARRT): Development of Elevated Temperature Aluminum Metal Matrix Composite (MMC) Alloy and Its Processing Technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project was to provide a production capable cast aluminum metal matrix composite (MMC) alloy with an operating temperature capability of 250-300C. Important industrial sectors as well as the military now seek lightweight aluminum alloy castings that can operate in temperature ranges of 250-300C. Current needs in this temperature range are being satisfied by the use of titanium alloy castings. These have the desired strength properties but the end components are heavier and significantly more costly. Also, the energy requirements for production of titanium alloy castings are significantly higher than those required for production of aluminum alloys and aluminum alloy castings.

Weiss, David C. [Eck Industreis, Inc.] [Eck Industreis, Inc.; Gegal, Gerald A.

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

160

RDS and Recycling Waste Diversion in Food Prep  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RDS and Recycling Waste Diversion in Food Prep Setting #12;Why Recycle? Recycling saves resources Recycling one ton of paper saves 17 trees! Recycling saves energy Recycling one aluminum can saves enough energy to power a television for 3 hours! Recycling is easy There are 4 waste categories here at UM

Awtar, Shorya

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food products aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Microstructural Characterization of 6061 Aluminum to 304L Stainless Steel Inertia Welds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

'Microstructural characterization of 6061-T6 aluminum-to-Type 304L stainless steel inertia welds provided a technical basis to conclude that transition joints fabricated from such welds should satisfactorily contain helium/hydrogen gas mixtures. This conclusion is based on the lack of semi-continuous alignments of particles and/or inclusions at, or near, the aluminum-to-stainless steel interface. These dissimilar metal transition joints play a key role in the operation of an accelerator driven, spallation neutron source designed for the production of tritium. The Accelerator Production of Tritium system will produce tritium through neutron interactions with 3He gas contained in water-cooled, 6061-T6 aluminum pressure tubes. Current design concepts include thousands of thin-walled pressure tubes distributed throughout a number of aluminum-clad, lead-filled, blanket modules. The aluminum pressure tubes are connected to a tritium extraction and purification system through a stainless steel manifold. The transition from aluminum to stainless steel is made via transition joints machined from the aluminum-to-stainless steel inertia welds. The paper describes the baseline microstructural characterization of the welds, including optical, scanning and transmission electron microscopy and uses that characterization to evaluate potential gas leakage across the weld.'

Dunn, K.A.

1999-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

162

Challenges facing food engineering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Food engineering (FE) was identified as a promising field in the mid-20th century. In the succeeding years, demand for food engineers in industry has continued unabated, but the field, in an academic sense, has not quite lived up to its potential. Yet, the coming challenges of the 21st century offer many opportunities for persons with FE training. This article is based on a plenary session held during the Conference of Food Engineering 2012, in Leesburg, Virginia, USA, and consists of a compilation of opinions of the authors. In order to develop further, FE needs to shed its historical mindset, and embrace a broader vision of its scope to include product, internal human and industrial processes, equipment, package and sensor/automation engineering. Training in FE could be vital to helping address issues such as water availability and quality, health and wellness, food safety, energy and sustainability. A number of 21st century developments will drive this change, including world population growth and aging; the digital universe, big data and informatics; personalization, food, health and wellness; food security, environment, sustainability and social responsibility; and the innovation ecosystem (open innovation and partnerships). Food engineering education will also have to change to keep pace with the extraordinary expansion of knowledge, the availability of virtual tools, diminishing funding and laboratory resources, and the possibility of creating partnerships between industry and academia. Studying inner transport phenomena, utilization of new techniques, such as micro processing for modeling and simulation of the digestion system, bioavailability, satiety, DNA predisposition, and nutrigenomics offer unique opportunities. The case of FE in UK and Europe are addressed, where consortia involving different industries have been able to partner to focus on problems with a common scientific theme to leverage their efforts. Finally, the experience of one food company in hiring food engineers as well as chemical engineers is highlighted, together with their interview processes and criteria. While this represents a collection of the opinions of the individual authors, it is hoped that the discussion stimulates a more wide-ranging conversation about FE to enable it to develop further into the 21st century.

I. Sam Saguy; R. Paul Singh; Tim Johnson; Peter J. Fryer; Sudhir K. Sastry

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Food products qualifying for and carrying front-of-pack symbols: a cross-sectional study examining a manufacturer led and a non-profit organization led program  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Strengths of this study include the large number of food categories and subcategories examined, as well as the inclusion of both a non-profit led and a manufacturer led system. In addition, the FOP systems...

Teri E Emrich; Joanna E Cohen; Wendy Y Lou; Mary R LAbb

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Complex foamed aluminum parts as permanent cores in aluminum castings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The feasibility of complex shaped aluminum foam parts as permanent cores in aluminum castings has been investigated. The foamed samples were prepared by injection of the foam into sand molds. It turned out that sound castings can be produced if the foam core is properly preheated and/or surface treated before casting. The effect of the foam core on the performance of the casting was evaluated by in compression testing and by measuring structural damping. The gain in the related properties turned out to be much higher than the weight increase of the casting due to the presence of the core. The weight increase may be partially offset through a reduction of the wall-thickness of the shell.

Simancik, F. [Inst. of Materials and Machine Mechanics, Bratislava (Slovakia); Schoerghuber, F. [Illichmann GmbH, Altmuenster (Austria)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

165

The Nexus of Food, Energy, and Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy conversion from solar energy to food products is inherently inefficient. ... Conversion of that biomass to food by feeding animals compounds the inefficiency, because only 510% of feed is converted to edible beef. ... In addition to these macroconcerns, producers must consider fertilization and pest management, focusing on the sustainable environmental factors as well as energy resources for production of the chemicals. ...

John W. Finley; James N. Seiber

2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

166

Bromoform production from seawater treated with bromoperoxidase ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

production from BrPO incubations was greater, presumably due to increased DOMreact. ... with a rubber septum and an aluminum crimped cap, and it.

2012-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

167

Moose Food  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Moose Food Moose Food Name: Mrs. Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: My husband & I own 30 acres of prime moose habitat. Unfortunately they have just about eaten up all of the aquatic browse. Either that or the hard winters in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan and the fact that we have a shallow lake has killed these plants the moose like. What would be best to plant native to our lakes in michigan for the moose? They like aquatic plants the best that we have observed from afar, but what kinds. Hope you can help. The biologist for our area is new & didn't have any names of aquatic plants. Replies: Dear Mrs. The following sites may be useful: http://www.mooseworld.com/moosebrowse.htm http://www.gi.alaska.edu/ScienceForum/ASF9/910.html http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/taxbre/value_and_use.html

168

Final Report on the Safety Assessment of Aluminum Silicate, Calcium Silicate, Magnesium Aluminum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Final Report on the Safety Assessment of Aluminum Silicate, Calcium Silicate, Magnesium Aluminum Silicate, Magnesium Silicate, Magnesium Trisilicate, Sodium Magnesium Silicate, Zirconium Silicate, Attapulgite, Bentonite, Fuller's Earth, Hectorite, Kaolin, Lithium Magnesium Silicate, Lithium Magnesium

Ahmad, Sajjad

169

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing food chain Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in the light of food culture and history. Appetite 45, 15-23. 2005... cycle assessment (LCA) of agricultural food production. Department of Agricultural Engineering. Thesis......

170

DC stray current mitigation for natural gas pipeline adjacent to aluminum manufacturing facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The production of aluminum can produce large dynamic stray currents in the earth surrounding the production plant. When coated pipelines that are not grounded pass through the dynamic stray current area, they can realize failures at accelerated rates, even with traditional cathodic protection systems in operation. This article tracks a coated 20-in. (51-cm) natural gas pipeline installed near an aluminum production facility and the stray current mitigation design installed to overcome the accelerated failure problem. Other types of stray current mitigation have been attempted in this same area without similar success.

Maxwell, J.L.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Nd:YAG laser welding aluminum alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Autogenous Nd:YAG laser welding wrought 4047, 1100, 3003, 2219, 5052, 5086, 5456, and 6061 and cast A356 aluminum alloys to cast A356 aluminum alloy in restrained annular weld joints was investigated. The welds were 12.7 mm (0.375 in.) and 9.5 mm (0.375 in.) diameter with approximately 0.30 mm (0.012 in.) penetration. This investigation determined 4047 aluminum alloy to be the optimum alloy for autogenous Nd:YAG laser welding to cast A356 aluminum alloy. This report describes the investigation and its results.

Jimenez, E. Jr.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Aluminum-stabilized NB3SN superconductor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An aluminum-stabilized Nb.sub.3 Sn superconductor and process for producing same, utilizing ultrapure aluminum. Ductile components are co-drawn with aluminum to produce a conductor suitable for winding magnets. After winding, the conductor is heated to convert it to the brittle Nb.sub.3 Sn superconductor phase, using a temperature high enough to perform the transformation but still below the melting point of the aluminum. This results in reaction of substantially all of the niobium, while providing stabilization and react-in-place features which are beneficial in the fabrication of magnets utilizing superconducting materials.

Scanlan, Ronald M. (Livermore, CA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Activated Aluminum Hydride Hydrogen Storage Compositions - Energy...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Find More Like This Return to Search Activated Aluminum Hydride Hydrogen Storage Compositions Brookhaven National Laboratory Contact BNL About This...

174

Food security and climate change: on the potential to adapt global crop production by active selection to rising atmospheric carbon dioxide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...population, diversion of cereals to biofuels, increased protein demands and climatic...necessity for more: more cereals for biofuel, more grain for meat, more food for...human population (i.e. not used for biofuels or animal feed) and the average change...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Designer Sorghum Combining the High Digestibility and Waxy Grain Traits of Sorghum for Improved Nutrition Bioethanol Beer Feed and Food Products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with 100% amylopectin, designating it as a waxy sorghum. Waxy endosperm sorghum lines are generally more digestible, leading to improved feed efficiency, and are easier to process, which is useful both industrial and food uses (Del Pozo-Insfran et al...

Jampala, Babitha

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

176

iCons, 2011 Alzheimers and Aluminum: Lesson Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

© iCons, 2011 Alzheimers and Aluminum: Lesson Plan Handouts to explore mechanistic link between Alzheimer's and aluminum 5. Brief proposal expanding Points to Aluminum's Link With Alzheimer's Disease" from 1989. Provide handout

Auerbach, Scott M.

177

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Aluminum: Resources and Links -  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Resources & Links Resources & Links Software Tools Aluminum Industry of the Future Tools & Publications ITP offers a wide array of publications, videos, software, and other information products for improving energy efficiency in the aluminum industry. DOE BestPractices Software Tools DOE BestPractices offers a range of software tools and databases that help manufacturers assess their plant's steam, compressed air, motor, and process heating systems. DOE Plant Energy Profiler Industry experience has shown that many plant utility personnel do not have an adequate understanding of their energy cost structure and where the major focus should be for any energy savings program. This tool will address this need and enable an engineer assigned to a plant utility to better understand (a) the cost of all energy sources supplied to the plant,

178

Drying studies for corroded DOE aluminum plate fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) currently stores a wide variety of spent nuclear fuel. The fuel was originally intended to be stored underwater for a short period of thermal cooling, then removed and reprocessed. However, it has been stored underwater for much longer thank originally anticipated. During this time dust and airborne desert soil have entered the oldest INEL pool, accumulating on the fuel. Also, the aluminum fuel cladding has corroded compromising the exposed surfaces of the fuel. Plans are now underway to move some the the more vulnerable aluminum plate type fuels into dry storage in an existing vented and filtered fuel storage facility. In preparation for dry storage of the fuel a drying and canning station is being built at the INEL. The two primary objectives of this facility are to determine the influence of corrosion products on the drying process and to establish temperature distribution inside the canister during heating.

Lords, R.E.; Windes, W.E. [Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Crepeau, J.C.; Sidwell, R.W. [Idaho Univ., Idaho Falls, ID (United States) Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

HEART SMART NUTRITION Prepare Food Right--Ensure It's Light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lesson 4 HEART SMART NUTRITION Prepare Food Right--Ensure It's Light To prepare foods lower in fat Heart Smart? True or False ______ 1. A cholesterol- free product is also fat-free. True or False

180

The transatlantic rift in genetically modified food policy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The regulatory structures underlying United States and European Union policies regarding genetically modified (GM) food and crops are fundamentally different. The US regulates GM foods and crops as end product...

Celina Ramjou

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food products aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Data - Food Community | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data - Food Community Data - Food Community Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture Search Terms Category -Any- Agriculture Investment and Engineering Animals and Animal Systems Agriculture Fire Hazard Food/Non-Food Agricultural Products Geography and Environment Human Health and Nutrition International Trade Local and Regional Food Systems Markets, Prices, and Economics Natural Resources and Environment Plants and Plant Systems Agriculture Rural Development Science and Technology Water Quality Watershed Protection Items per page 25 50 100 Apply Name Downloads Rating Pesticide Data Program 1994 The USDA Pesticide Data Program (PDP) database provides national data on pesticide residues in food and water, with an emphasis on foods consumed by infants and children. PDP data are used primarily...

182

DETERMINATION OF THE FRACTION OF GIBBSITE AND BOEHMITE FORMS OF ALUMINUM IN TANK 51H SLUDGE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) was tasked with developing a test to determine the fraction of the gibbsite and boehmite forms of aluminum in the sludge solids. Knowledge of the fractions of gibbsite and boehmite in the sludge contained in various waste tanks would facilitate better sludge mass reduction estimates and allow better planning/scheduling for sludge batch preparation. The composite sludge sample prepared for use in the test from several small samples remaining from the original 3-L sample appears to be representative of the original sample based on the characterization data. A Gibbsite/Boehmite Test was developed that uses 8 M NaOH and a temperature of 65 C to dissolve aluminum. The soluble aluminum concentration data collected during the test indicates that, for the three standards containing gibbsite, all of the gibbsite dissolved in approximately 2 hours. Under the test conditions boehmite dissolved at more than an order of magnitude more slowly than gibbsite. An estimate based on the soluble aluminum concentration from the sludge sample at two hours into the test indicates the sludge solids contain a form of aluminum that dissolves at a rate similar to the 100% Boehmite standard. Combined with the XRD data from the original 3-L sample, these results provide substantial evidence that the boehmite form of aluminum predominates in the sludge. A calculation from the results of the Gibbsite/Boehmite test indicates the sludge contains {approx}3% gibbsite and {approx}97% boehmite. The sludge waste in Tank 51H was recently treated under Low Temperature Aluminum Dissolution (LTAD) conditions and a substantial fraction of aluminum (i.e., sludge mass) was removed, avoiding production of over 100 glass canisters in Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF). Results of the Gibbsite/Boehmite test indicate that the aluminum in this sludge was in the form of the more difficult to dissolve boehmite form of aluminum. Since boehmite may be the dominant form of aluminum in Savannah River Site (SRS) waste tank sludge, this result suggests that the conditions of the LTAD process can be used to dissolve both the gibbsite and boehmite forms of aluminum in tank sludge and costly tank infrastructure upgrades required for the higher temperature baseline process can be avoided. However, this conclusion should be confirmed by testing additional waste tank samples.

Hay, M; Kofi Adu-Wusu, K; Daniel McCabe, D

2008-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

183

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Hunter Douglas Aluminum...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Hunter Douglas Aluminum Plant Div of Bridgeport Brass Co - CA 11 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: HUNTER DOUGLAS ALUMINUM PLANT, DIV. OF BRIDGEPORT BRASS CO. (CA.11 ) Eliminated from...

184

ALUMINUM DISTRIBUTIONSIN THE EURASIAN BASIN OF THE ARCTIC OCEAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ALUMINUM DISTRIBUTIONSIN THE EURASIAN BASIN OF THE ARCTIC OCEAN A THESISSUBMITTEDTO THE GRADUATE Section(1994)cruiseswere analyzed for their aluminum (Al) content; these two data setswere then combined

Luther, Douglas S.

185

Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Aluminum (DBA) Substrates Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and...

186

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Aluminum: GHG Information -  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Industry Analysis Briefs Industry Analysis Briefs The Energy Information Agency (EIA) is currently updating industry analysis briefs for the most energy-intensive industries in the United States, including aluminum, chemicals, forest products (such as paper and wood products), glass, metal casting, petroleum and coal products, and steel. As soon as the current briefs are available, we will provide the link. Industry Analysis Briefs will have the following content: Economic Profile and Trends Value of Shipments Annual Production Labor Productivity Energy Use Energy Use by Fuel Fuel Consumption by End Use Energy Consumption by Sector Energy Expenditures Onsite Generation (if applicable) Energy Intensity State-Level Information Technologies and Equipment Cogeneration Technologies (if applicable)

187

Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Production is obtained from proved reserves but the determinants of the scale of production in the industry and country components of the world total are many and complex with some unique to the individual com...

D. C. Ion

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Gating of Permanent Molds for ALuminum Casting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes a two-year project, DE-FC07-01ID13983 that concerns the gating of aluminum castings in permanent molds. The main goal of the project is to improve the quality of aluminum castings produced in permanent molds. The approach taken was determine how the vertical type gating systems used for permanent mold castings can be designed to fill the mold cavity with a minimum of damage to the quality of the resulting casting. It is evident that somewhat different systems are preferred for different shapes and sizes of aluminum castings. The main problems caused by improper gating are entrained aluminum oxide films and entrapped gas. The project highlights the characteristic features of gating systems used in permanent mold aluminum foundries and recommends gating procedures designed to avoid common defects. The study also provides direct evidence on the filling pattern and heat flow behavior in permanent mold castings.

David Schwam; John F. Wallace; Tom Engle; Qingming Chang

2004-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

189

Safe Home Food Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proper food storage can preserve food quality and prevent spoilage and food/borne illness. The specifics of pantry, refrigerator and freezer storage are given, along with helpful information on new packaging, label dates, etc. A comprehensive table...

Van Laanen, Peggy

2002-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

190

PREDICTION OF LOW-CYCLE FATIGUE-LIFE BY ACOUSTIC EMISSION. PART 1: 2024-T3 ALUMINUM ALLOY PART 2: ALCLAD 7075-T6/ ALUMINUM ALLOY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

low-cycle fatigue life of Aluminum sheet alloys by acoustictoughness of structural aluminum alloys. Fracture . Fracturetoughness of structural aluminum alloys, Eng. Fracture Mech.

Baram, J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Reducing food losses by intelligent food logistics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1006 62 Theme Issue Intelligent food logistics: decrease waste and improve quality...Reducing food losses by intelligent food logistics Reiner Jedermann 1 Mike Nicometo 2 Ismail...Bremen Research Cluster for Dynamics in Logistics (LogDynamics), Bremen, Germany One...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Characterization of porous GASAR aluminum  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental and numerical analyses were performed on porous aluminum samples to evaluate microstructure and mechanical properties. Experiments considered of tensile tests on dog-bone specimens containing 9 to 17% porosity, which were instrumented with axial and transverse extensometers. Properties measured included Young`s modulus, Poisson`s ratio remained constant with porosity., For the numerical simulations, 3-D, mesoscale, multilayer models were constructed to evaluate the effects of pore morphology and interactions on material properties. The models allowed systematic spatial positioning of the pore within the cell and the ability to form solid zones. Pore arrangement, the effect of constraint, and gradients on the stress state were investigated. By using different combinations of hex cells as building blocks, several complicated microstructural arrangements were simulated.

Bonenberger, R.J. [FM Technologies, Inc., Fairfax, VA (United States); Kee, A.J. [Geo-Centers, Inc., Fort Washington, MD (United States); Everett, R.K.; Matic, P. [Naval Research Lab., Washington, DC (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

193

Production  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Algae production R&D focuses on exploring resource use and availability, algal biomass development and improvements, characterizing algal biomass components, and the ecology and engineering of...

194

Development of a composite-reinforced aluminum conductor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fact sheet written for the Inventions and Innovation Program about a new composite-reinforced aluminum conductor for utility transmission and distribution. The millions of people affected by a blackout in the western US, Canada, and parts of Mexico in July 1996 had no idea the power outage was caused by overloaded transmission lines sagging low enough to touch trees. Millions of New Englanders affected by power outages during the 1997--98 winter probably weren't aware that accumulations of ice and snow on transmission lines had caused the lines to snap. Yet, these two examples illustrate the urgent need to begin upgrading this country's aging electrical-power distribution systems. A key step in this process lies in improving the weight and conductivity characteristics of utility transmission and distribution lines. Conventional conductors used for overhead transmission and distribution lines are comprised of aluminum strands of wire wrapped around a steel core. The aluminum serves as the electrical conductor, while the steel provides mechanical support. This hybrid design results in an excellent weight-to-conductivity ratio, but it also yields a heavier product, which requires stronger and more costly support structures and limits conductivity. W. Brandt Goldsworthy and Associates, Inc., of Torrance, California, is developing a new composite-reinforced aluminum conductor to replace aging steel-core lines. The new composite conductor is lighter, stronger, and carries a higher current capacity than traditional power lines. The technology has been designed primarily for domestic utility transmission and distribution systems. This application takes the highest priority as utility deregulation continues to increase the demand for direct-power access. Subsequent applications exist through opportunities in the industrial power, building wire, telecommunications and data transmission, and high-temperature superconductor markets. Similar applications overseas also represent tremendous potential, with growth projected at 10 times that of the United States market.

Balsam, J.

1999-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

195

Decontamination and reuse of ORGDP aluminum scrap  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Gaseous Diffusion Plants, or GDPs, have significant amounts of a number of metals, including nickel, aluminum, copper, and steel. Aluminum was used extensively throughout the GDPs because of its excellent strength to weight ratios and good resistance to corrosion by UF{sub 6}. This report is concerned with the recycle of aluminum stator and rotor blades from axial compressors. Most of the stator and rotor blades were made from 214-X aluminum casting alloy. Used compressor blades were contaminated with uranium both as a result of surface contamination and as an accumulation held in surface-connected voids inside of the blades. A variety of GDP studies were performed to evaluate the amounts of uranium retained in the blades; the volume, area, and location of voids in the blades; and connections between surface defects and voids. Based on experimental data on deposition, uranium content of the blades is 0.3%, or roughly 200 times the value expected from blade surface area. However, this value does correlate with estimated internal surface area and with lengthy deposition times. Based on a literature search, it appears that gaseous decontamination or melt refining using fluxes specific for uranium removal have the potential for removing internal contamination from aluminum blades. A melt refining process was used to recycle blades during the 1950s and 1960s. The process removed roughly one-third of the uranium from the blades. Blade cast from recycled aluminum appeared to perform as well as blades from virgin material. New melt refining and gaseous decontamination processes have been shown to provide substantially better decontamination of pure aluminum. If these techniques can be successfully adapted to treat aluminum 214-X alloy, internal and, possibly, external reuse of aluminum alloys may be possible.

Compere, A.L.; Griffith, W.L.; Hayden, H.W.; Wilson, D.F.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Quick Plastic Forming of Aluminum Sheet Metal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

General Motors' President North America, Gary Cowger, General Motors' President North America, Gary Cowger, reviews the 2004 Chevy Malibu Maxx after introducing it to the media at the New York Auto Show. (photo courtesy of General Motors) Quick Plastic Forming of Aluminum Sheet Metal Background Aluminum automotive components made using a hot blow forming process are reducing vehicle weight and increasing the fuel efficiency of today's cars. However, before General Motors (GM) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored research in this technol- ogy, blow forming of aluminum was not a viable process for automakers. The prior blow forming process,

197

Formulation and method for preparing gels comprising hydrous aluminum oxide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Formulations useful for preparing hydrous aluminum oxide gels contain a metal salt including aluminum, an organic base, and a complexing agent. Methods for preparing gels containing hydrous aluminum oxide include heating a formulation to a temperature sufficient to induce gel formation, where the formulation contains a metal salt including aluminum, an organic base, and a complexing agent.

Collins, Jack L.

2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

198

Aluminum hydroxide and hydrogen produced by water electrolysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermodynamic and kinetic peculiarities of the water electrolysis in a reactor with aluminum electrodes are...

R. R. Salem

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

ALUMINUM--1998 5.1 By Patricia A. Plunkert  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ALUMINUM--1998 5.1 ALUMINUM By Patricia A. Plunkert Domestic survey data and tables were prepared, international data coordinator. In 1998, 13 domestic companies operated 23 primary aluminum reduction plants to be $5.4 billion. Aluminum recovered from purchased scrap decreased to approximately 3.4 million tons

200

ALUMINUM--1999 5.1 By Patricia A. Plunkert  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ALUMINUM--1999 5.1 ALUMINUM By Patricia A. Plunkert Domestic survey data and tables were prepared, international data coordinator. In 1999, 12 domestic companies operated 23 primary aluminum reduction plants to be $5.5 billion. During the year, two proposed mergers that involved five major aluminum companies were

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food products aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

ALUMINUM--2000 6.1 By Patricia A. Plunkert  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ALUMINUM--2000 6.1 ALUMINUM By Patricia A. Plunkert Domestic survey data and tables were prepared, international data coordinator. In 2000, 12 domestic companies operated 23 primary aluminum reduction plants to be $6 billion. Increased energy costs, particularly in the Pacific Northwest, led several aluminum

202

UNIVERSITY of CALIFORNIA ATOMIC LAYER DEPOSITION OF ALUMINUM OXIDE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNIVERSITY of CALIFORNIA SANTA CRUZ ATOMIC LAYER DEPOSITION OF ALUMINUM OXIDE A thesis submitted deposition (ALD) of aluminum oxide on crystalline silicon and anodized aluminum substrates. A homemade ALD system is used with trimethylaluminum (TMA) and water as precursors to deposit uniform aluminum oxide

Belanger, David P.

203

Energy Use in the U. S. Food System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...subsidy for food production could be supplied...energy-intensive food production or famine for...fertilizer to fields. More than...of feedlot operations so that manure...increase feedlot costs, but, as...of natural gas in drying crops...and the production of methane...with coal, oil, garbage-or...

John S. Steinhart; Carol E. Steinhart

1974-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

204

Synthesis of nanocrystalline aluminum matrix composites reinforced with in situ devitrified Al-Ni-La amorphous particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of nanocrystalline aluminum matrix composites reinforcedAbstract Nanocrystalline aluminum matrix composites wereamount of nanoscale aluminum oxide, nitride and carbide

Zhang, Zhihui H; Han, B Q; Witkin, D; Ajdelsztajn, L; Laverna, E J

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

From the LCA of food products to the environmental assessment of protected crops districts: A case-study in the south of Italy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present study, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology was applied to evaluate the energy consumption and environmental burdens associated with the production of protected crops in an agricultural district in the Mediterranean region. In this study, LCA was used as a support tool, to address local policies for sustainable production and consumption patterns, and to create a knowledge base for environmental assessment of an extended agricultural production area. The proposed approach combines organisation-specific tools, such as Environmental Management Systems and Environmental Product Declarations, with the environmental management of the district. Questionnaires were distributed to producers to determine the life cycle of different protected crops (tomatoes, cherry tomatoes, peppers, melons and zucchinis), and obtain information on greenhouse usage (e.g. tunnel vs. pavilion). Ecoprofiles of products in the district were also estimated, to identify supply chain elements with the highest impact in terms of global energy requirements, greenhouse gas emissions, eutrophication, water consumption and waste production. These results of this study enable selection of the best practices and ecodesign solutions, to reduce the environmental impact of these products. Finally, sensitivity analysis of key LCA issues was performed, to assess the variability associated with different parameters: vegetable production; water usage; fertiliser and pesticide usage; shared greenhouse use; substitution of plastics coverings; and waste recycling.

Maurizio Cellura; Fulvio Ardente; Sonia Longo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

ITP Aluminum: Energy and Environmental Profile of the U.S. Aluminum Industry  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This detailed report benchmarks the energy and environmental characteristics of the key technologies used in the major processes of the aluminum industry.

207

ITP Aluminum: Aluminum Industry Vision: Sustainable Solutions for a Dynamic World  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Aluminum Vision is intended to stimulate a wide variety of R&D activities to accelerate technology development throughout industry.

208

Irradiation of Food Helping to Ensure Food Safety  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...products. Many people are unaware that radiation is used to sterilize or treat many of the products that they use in their own homes, such as baby-bottle nipples, personal-hygiene products, cosmetics, bandages, polymerized flooring materials, Teflon-coated skillets, and insulation on electrical wire... In this issue of the Journal, Osterholm and Norgan (pages 18981901) present a convincing argument that physicians and other health care professionals, as health advocates, should also be advocates for the irradiation of foods to prevent the transmission ...

Thayer D.W.

2004-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

209

Holiday Food Drive  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Food Drive Food Drive Holiday Food Drive During the recent holiday food drive, employees donated enough food to provide about 23,604 holiday meals for Northern New Mexico families. More than 432 frozen turkeys were donated this year by employees and other donors during 'Bring a Turkey to Work Day,' an annual Lab event that takes places Thanksgiving week. September 16, 2013 LANL employees organize food for the Holiday Food Drive. Contacts Giving Drives Ed Vigil Community Programs Office (505) 665-9205 Email Giving Drives Enrique Trujillo Community Programs Office (505) 665-6384 Email Helping feed Northern New Mexico families Community partners The Food Depot (Santa Fe) Del Norte Credit Union Smith's Food and Drug Giving Holiday Food Drive Holiday Gift Drive LANL Laces Los Alamos Employees' Scholarship Fund

210

Corrosion performance of aluminum in coal railcars  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aluminum has been used for construction of coal railcars and on an experimental basis as a metallized coating over steel railcars. When aluminum is used in areas which contact the lading, resistance to general corrosion has been outstanding. Galvanic corrosion of joints which connect the aluminum to a steel undercarriage has not been a problem provided appropriate measures were taken during vehicle construction. Laboratory test data are presented which illustrate the impact of variations in joint preparation on galvanic corrosion performance. Painting the steel and the use of a sealant are recommended to obtain satisfactory long term joint performance. The corrosion performance and long term durability of an aluminum metallized coating has been demonstrated when applied to new cars constructed of carbon steel. Test results of coating durability when applied to cars constructed of constructed of weathering steel or carbon steel which were in revenue coal service prior to coating have been mixed.

Hersh, J.F.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Production  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Algae production R&D focuses on exploring resource use and availability, algal biomass development and improvements, characterizing algal biomass components, and the ecology and engineering of cultivation systems.

212

CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Sustainable Food  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Sustainable Food March 2011 Page 1 of 2 House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee: Sustainable Food Inquiry Response by the Wellcome Trust March 2011 solutions for the production of healthy and sustainable food. As a research funder dedicated to improving

Rambaut, Andrew

213

Chernobyl nuclear accident: Effects on food. (Latest citations from the Food Science and Technology Abstracts database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bibliography contains citations concerning studies and measurements of the radioactive contamination by the Chernobyl nuclear reactor accident of food and the food chain. The studies cover meat and dairy products, vegetables, fish, food chains, and radioactive contamination of agricultural farms and lands. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

NONE

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

ITP Aluminum: Aluminum Industry Roadmap for the Automotive Market...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Publications Development of Integrated Die Casting Process for Large Thin-Wall Magnesium Applications Enabling Production of Lightweight Magnesium Parts for Near-Term...

215

Product Design for Energy: An Inverted Pyramid Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The product design function is important within the spectrum of the product life cycle. Manufacturing processes are likely to consume much energy, as evidenced in aluminum and steel industries. The product design parameters such as the material...

Gopalakrishnan, B.; Alkadi, N. M.; Plummer, R. W.

216

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum copper iron Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Aluminum alloy... to room temperature was also confirmed. Will investigate different additives, copper, pure aluminum... with aluminum ... Source: McDonald, Kirk - Department...

217

A NEW A15 MULTIFILAMENTARY SUPERCONDUCTOR BASED ON THE NIOBIUM-ALUMINUM-SILICON SYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BASED ON THE NIOBIUM-ALUMINUM-SILICON SYSTEM Gary C. Quinnpsi. Photomicrograph of an Aluminum-Silicon eutectic filledmultifilimentary niobium-aluminum-silicon wire, a) sample #

Quinn, G.C.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

EFFECT OF GRAIN SIZE ON THE ACOUSTIC EMISSION GENERATED DURING PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF ALUMINUM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF ALUMINUM LAWRENCE BERKELEY LABORATORYDURING PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF ALUMINUM J. Baram Materialsof polycrystalline aluminum, of different grain sizes and at

Baram, J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Aluminum and copper in drinking water enhance inflammatory oroxidative events specifically in the brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

effects of iron and aluminum on stress-related genelopathy syndrome. Possible aluminum intoxication. N. Engl.Chronic exposure to aluminum in drinking water increases

Bondy, Stephen Bondy C

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Mechanical properties and microstructures of dual phase steels containing silicon, aluminum and molybdenum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STEELS CONTAINING SILICON, ALUMINUM AND MOLYBDENUM Thomasdeoxidizing action of aluminum results in grain refinementquench martensite, Both (a) and Aluminum particle within the

Neill, Thomas John O'

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food products aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

A Study of Aluminum Dependent Root Growth Inhibition in Arabidopsis thaliana  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

symptom triggered by aluminum, but not the primary cause ofRI (1986) Characterization of hydroxy-aluminum solutionsby aluminum-27 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Soil

Nezames, Cynthia

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Transcriptomic analysis reveals differential gene expression in common bean (Phaseoulus vulgaris) for aluminum resistance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transition zone is the most aluminum-sensitive apical rootsoils is mainly limited by aluminum toxicity. In addition,L. under conditions of aluminum stress. Plant Physiol 104:

Eticha, Dejene; Zahn, Marc; Rao, Idupulapati M.; Horst, Walter J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

IMPROVED FORMABILITY OF ALUMINUM-GERMANIUM NEAR EUTECTIC COMPOSITIONS THROUGH THE APPLICATION OF SUPERPLASTICITY PRINCIPLES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IMPROVED FORMABILITY OF ALUMINUM-GERMANIUM NEAR EUTECTICIMPROVED FORMABILITY OF ALUMINUM-GERMANIUM NEAR EUTECTICAl-Ge) wire. Al-Ge 00F Aluminum-Germanium Atomic Percentage

Pech, G.J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Aluminum Microfoams for Reduced Fuel Consumption and Pollutant Emissions of Transportation Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the foamability of Aluminum alloy . Journal of MaterialFoamability of particle reinforced Aluminum Melt. Ma. -wiss.particle-stabilised Aluminum foams . Advanced Engineering

Pilon, Laurent

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Food Science and Nutrition Department of Food Science and Nutrition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and food service segments of the food industry. Other ca- reer options include positions with federalFood Science and Nutrition Department of Food Science and Nutrition Institute for Food Safety of Food Science and Nutrition (FdSN) at the School of Applied Technology and the Institute for Food Safety

Heller, Barbara

226

The viability of aluminum Zintl anion moieties within magnesium-aluminum clusters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Through a synergetic combination of anion photoelectron spectroscopy and density functional theory based calculations, we have investigated the extent to which the aluminum moieties within selected magnesium-aluminum clusters are Zintl anions. Magnesium-aluminum cluster anions were generated in a pulsed arc discharge source. After mass selection, photoelectron spectra of Mg{sub m}Al{sub n}{sup ?} (m, n = 1,6; 2,5; 2,12; and 3,11) were measured by a magnetic bottle, electron energy analyzer. Calculations on these four stoichiometries provided geometric structures and full charge analyses for the cluster anions and their neutral cluster counterparts, as well as photodetachment transition energies (stick spectra). Calculations revealed that, unlike the cases of recently reported sodium-aluminum clusters, the formation of aluminum Zintl anion moieties within magnesium-aluminum clusters was limited in most cases by weak charge transfer between the magnesium atoms and their aluminum cluster moieties. Only in cases of high magnesium content, e.g., in Mg{sub 3}Al{sub 11} and Mg{sub 2}Al{sub 12}{sup ?}, did the aluminum moieties exhibit Zintl anion-like characteristics.

Wang, Haopeng; Jae Ko, Yeon; Zhang, Xinxing; Gantefoer, Gerd; Bowen, Kit H., E-mail: kiran@mcneese.edu, E-mail: akandalam@wcupa.edu, E-mail: kbowen@jhu.edu [Department of Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States); Schnoeckel, Hansgeorg [Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76128 Karlsruhe (Germany)] [Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76128 Karlsruhe (Germany); Eichhorn, Bryan W. [Department of Chemistry, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States); Jena, Puru [Department of Physics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23284 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23284 (United States); Kiran, Boggavarapu, E-mail: kiran@mcneese.edu, E-mail: akandalam@wcupa.edu, E-mail: kbowen@jhu.edu [Department of Chemistry, McNeese State University, Lake Charles, Louisiana 70609 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry, McNeese State University, Lake Charles, Louisiana 70609 (United States); Kandalam, Anil K., E-mail: kiran@mcneese.edu, E-mail: akandalam@wcupa.edu, E-mail: kbowen@jhu.edu [Department of Physics, West Chester University, West Chester, Pennsylvania 19383 (United States)

2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

227

REVIEW PAPER Unveiling Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of foods containing these SEs is responsible for staphylococcal food poisoning (SFP) outbreaks. Milk Staphylococci and milk products are intimately associated with the history of food poisoning outbreaks worldwide of food safety studies. The first recorded staphylococcal food poisoning (SFP) outbreak was indeed

Boyer, Edmond

228

Measurements of Fission Products from the Fukushima Daiichi Incident in San Francisco Bay Area Air Filters, Automobile Filters, Rainwater, and Food  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A variety of environmental media were analyzed for fallout radionuclides resulting from the Fukushima nuclear accident by the Low Background Facility (LBF) at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) in Berkeley, CA. Monitoring activities in air and rainwater began soon after the onset of the March 11, 2011 tsunami and are reported here through the end of 2012. Observed fallout isotopes include $^{131}$I, $^{132}$I,$^{132}$Te,$^{134}$Cs, $^{136}$Cs, and $^{137}$Cs. Isotopes were measured on environmental air filters, automobile filters, and in rainwater. An additional analysis of rainwater in search of $^{90}$Sr is also presented. Last, a series of food measurements conducted in September of 2013 are included due to extended media concerns of $^{134, 137}$Cs in fish. Similar measurements of fallout from the Chernobyl disaster at LBNL, previously unpublished publicly, are also presented here as a comparison with the Fukushima incident. All measurements presented also include natural radionuclides found in the environment to provide a basis for comparison.

A. R. Smith; K. J. Thomas; E. B. Norman; D. L. Hurley; B. T. Lo; Y. D. Chan; P. V. Guillaumon; B. G. Harvey

2013-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

229

Biodiesel production from Stauntonia chinensis seed oil (waste from food processing): Heterogeneous catalysis by modified calcite, biodiesel purification, and fuel properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the present research, the potential of Stauntonia chinensis (SC) seed oil obtained from processing waste was investigated for the first time as biodiesel feedstock, including physicochemical properties of the oil, the heterogeneous catalysis process, purification, and fuel properties. A 29.370.64wt.% of oil content and 2.41mg KOH/g of acid value was found. Under the optimised reaction conditions in the presence of modified calcite, an 88.02% of yield and a 98.90wt.% of FAME content were achieved. According to EN 14124 (2012), SC biodiesel exhibited superior fuel properties compared to the most of other feedstock oils since it had an ideal fatty acid composition (low Cn:0 (8.06wt.%), high Cn:1 (80.16wt.%), and low Cn:2,3 (8.45wt.%)). It was absolutely vital that the use of SC seed oil as a biodiesel feedstock would not compete with its use in food. In summary, SC seed oil should be recommended as a promising feedstock for biodiesel.

Rui Wang; Lili Sun; Xiaolin Xie; Lizhi Ma; Zhigang Liu; Xiaoyan Liu; Ning Ji; Guofang Xie

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Oxidation kinetics of aluminum diboride  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The oxidation characteristics of aluminum diboride (AlB{sub 2}) and a physical mixture of its constituent elements (Al+2B) were studied in dry air and pure oxygen using thermal gravimetric analysis to obtain non-mechanistic kinetic parameters. Heating in air at a constant linear heating rate of 10 C/min showed a marked difference between Al+2B and AlB{sub 2} in the onset of oxidation and final conversion fraction, with AlB{sub 2} beginning to oxidize at higher temperatures but reaching nearly complete conversion by 1500 C. Kinetic parameters were obtained in both air and oxygen using a model-free isothermal method at temperatures between 500 and 1000 C. Activation energies were found to decrease, in general, with increasing conversion for AlB{sub 2} and Al+2B in both air and oxygen. AlB{sub 2} exhibited O{sub 2}-pressure-independent oxidation behavior at low conversions, while the activation energies of Al+2B were higher in O{sub 2} than in air. Differences in the composition and morphology between oxidized Al+2B and AlB{sub 2} suggested that Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}B{sub 2}O{sub 3} interactions slowed Al+2B oxidation by converting Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} on aluminum particles into a Al{sub 4}B{sub 2}O{sub 9} shell, while the same Al{sub 4}B{sub 2}O{sub 9} developed a needle-like morphology in AlB{sub 2} that reduced oxygen diffusion distances and increased conversion. The model-free kinetic analysis was critical for interpreting the complex, multistep oxidation behavior for which a single mechanism could not be assigned. At low temperatures, moisture increased the oxidation rate of Al+2B and AlB{sub 2}, but both appear to be resistant to oxidation in cool, dry environments. - Graphical abstract: Isothermal kinetic data for AlB{sub 2} in air, showing a constantly decreasing activation energy with increasing conversion. Model-free analysis allowed for the calculation of global kinetic parameters despite many simultaneous mechanisms occurring concurrently. (a) Timetemperature plots, (b) conversion as a function of time, (c) Arrhenius plots used to calculate activation energies, and (d) activation energy as a function of conversion. Display Omitted - Highlights: First reported kinetic parameters for AlB{sub 2} and Al+2B oxidation in air and O{sub 2}. Possible mechanism of enhanced boron combustion presented. Moisture sensitivity shown to be problematic for AlB{sub 2}, less for Al+2B.

Whittaker, Michael L., E-mail: michaelwhittaker2016@u.northwestern.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Utah, 122S. Central Campus Drive, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 (United States); Sohn, H.Y. [Department of Metallurgical Engineering, University of Utah, 135S 1460 E, Rm 00412, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 (United States); Cutler, Raymond A. [Ceramatec, Inc., 2425S. 900W., Salt Lake City, UT 84119 (United States)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

231

The corrosion of aluminum in boric acid solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vs. Time of at 40oC . vs. Time of 40 C . 34 ~ ~ ~ 35 3S Aluminum in Boric ~ ~ ~ 24S Aluminum in Boric Corrosion Rate Acid Solutions vs. Time of at 50oC . 2S Aluminum in Boric 36 Corrosion Rate Acid Solutions vs. Time of at 50oC 3S... Solutions vs. Time of 3S Aluminum in Boric at 70oC 40 Corrosion Rate Acid Solutions vs. Time of at 70oC 24S Aluminum in Boric ~ ~ ~ . a ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ /+1 14. Corrosion Rate Acid Solutions vs. Time of at 90cC 2S Aluminum in Boric 42 15...

Bass, Henry Kinsolving

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

232

The food security challenge of the food-land-water nexus in India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two of the key factors that drive agricultural growth and food production in India are access to arable land and utilizable water resources. These are examined with particular reference to their regional varia...

M. Dinesh Kumar; M. V. K. Sivamohan; A. Narayanamoorthy

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Food Sales | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search Building Type Food Sales Definition Buildings used for retail or wholesale of food. Sub Categories grocery store or food market, gas station with a convenience...

234

Photosynthesispath to food  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Photosynthesispath to food ... The idea of producing more and better agricultural products by tinkering with the extremely complex mechanisms which control photosynthesis is today little more than a dream. ... However, much research remains to be done to bring the dream to reality, he said at the Symposium on Photosynthesis, held to highlight the dedication of International Minerals & Chemical's -S6.5 million Growth Science Center in Libertyville, 111. ...

1966-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

235

Safer Food with Irradiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This publication answers questions about food irradiation and how it helps prevent foodborne illnesses. Included are explanations of how irradiation works and its benefits. Irradiation is a safe method of preserving food quality and ensuring its...

Thompson, Britta; Vestal, Andy; Van Laanen, Peggy

2003-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

236

Natural Toxicants in Foods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of exploring the potential naturally occurring toxic hazards of food plants is not to suggest an irrational avoidance of these common foods. However, it is important to identify, define, and invest...

Ross C. Beier; Herbert N. Nigg

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Food Service Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Service Service Characteristics by Activity... Food Service Food service buildings are those used for preparation and sale of food and beverages for consumption. Basic Characteristics [ See also: Equipment | Activity Subcategories | Energy Use ] Food Service Buildings... An overwhelming majority (72 percent) of food service buildings were small buildings (1,001 to 5,000 square feet). Tables: Buildings and Size Data by Basic Characteristics Establishment, Employment, and Age Data by Characteristics Number of Food Service Buildings by Predominant Building Size Categories Figure showing number of food service buildings by size. If you need assistance viewing this page, please contact 202-586-8800. Equipment Table: Buildings, Size, and Age Data by Equipment Types Predominant Heating Equipment Types in Food Service Buildings

238

Food & Agriculture Policy Issues for the 1980s.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

policies; food prices, supplies and stability; farm structure issues; international trade; crop production protection policies; nutrition, food quality and assistance; and natural resources, energy and environmental issues. The rble of public policy... on farms and rural areas; their effect on the security of future pro duction, quality of stream flow, energy production and consumption, and water supplies. 9. How Agricultural and Food Policies are Developed. Changing policymaking forces; execu tive...

Anonymous

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

C:\Eco-SSLs\Contaminant Specific Documents\Aluminum\November 2003\Eco-SSL for Aluminum .wpd  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Aluminum Aluminum Interim Final OSWER Directive 9285.7-60 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W. Washington, DC 20460 November 2003 This page intentionally left blank TABLE OF CONTENTS SUMMARY ECO-SSLs FOR ALUMINUM 1.0 INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1 2.0 ALUMINUM CHEMISTRY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1 3.0 EFFECTS OF ALUMINUM ON PLANTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1 3.1 General Effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1 3.2 Essentiality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3 3.3 Effect on Phosphorus and Calcium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3 3.4 Differential Tolerance of Plants to Aluminum Toxicity

240

Four Simple Food Safety  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Information and Seafood Hotline: 1-888-SAFE FOOD Partnership for Food Safety Education Web Site www. August, 2004 Separate: Separate raw meat, poultry and seafood from other foods in your grocery shopping not eat refrigerated smoked seafood unless it is contained in a cooked dish

Garfunkel, Eric

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food products aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

EPOK Centre for Organic Food and Farming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for researchers,advisors, farmers,decision-makers,industry,sector organisations and students and a hub Productivity in crop production Biodiversity and ecosystem services Food quality and health effects Eko" Knowledge syntheses and fact sheets Exhibitions and lectures Seminars, workshops, conferences

242

ALUMINUM AND CHROMIUM LEACHING WORKSHOP WHITEPAPER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A workshop was held on January 23-24, 2007 to discuss the status of processes to leach constituents from High Level Waste (HLW) sludges at the Hanford and Savannah River Sites. The objective of the workshop was to examine the needs and requirements for the HLW flowsheet for each site, discuss the status of knowledge of the leaching processes, communicate the research plans, and identify opportunities for synergy to address knowledge gaps. The purpose of leaching of non-radioactive constituents from the sludge waste is to reduce the burden of material that must be vitrified in the HLW melter systems, resulting in reduced HLW glass waste volume, reduced disposal costs, shorter process schedules, and higher facility throughput rates. The leaching process is estimated to reduce the operating life cycle of SRS by seven years and decrease the number of HLW canisters to be disposed in the Repository by 1000 [Gillam et al., 2006]. Comparably at Hanford, the aluminum and chromium leaching processes are estimated to reduce the operating life cycle of the Waste Treatment Plant by 20 years and decrease the number of canisters to the Repository by 15,000-30,000 [Gilbert, 2007]. These leaching processes will save the Department of Energy (DOE) billions of dollars in clean up and disposal costs. The primary constituents targeted for removal by leaching are aluminum and chromium. It is desirable to have some aluminum in glass to improve its durability; however, too much aluminum can increase the sludge viscosity, glass viscosity, and reduce overall process throughput. Chromium leaching is necessary to prevent formation of crystalline compounds in the glass, but is only needed at Hanford because of differences in the sludge waste chemistry at the two sites. Improving glass formulations to increase tolerance of aluminum and chromium is another approach to decrease HLW glass volume. It is likely that an optimum condition can be found by both performing leaching and improving formulations. Disposal of the resulting aluminum and chromium-rich streams are different at the two sites, with vitrification into Low Activity Waste (LAW) glass at Hanford, and solidification in Saltstone at SRS. Prior to disposal, the leachate solutions must be treated to remove radionuclides, resulting in increased operating costs and extended facility processing schedules. Interim storage of leachate can also add costs and delay tank closure. Recent projections at Hanford indicate that up to 40,000 metric tons of sodium would be needed to dissolve the aluminum and maintain it in solution, which nearly doubles the amount of sodium in the entire current waste tank inventory. This underscores the dramatic impact that the aluminum leaching can have on the entire system. A comprehensive view of leaching and the downstream impacts must therefore be considered prior to implementation. Many laboratory scale tests for aluminum and chromium dissolution have been run on Hanford wastes, with samples from 46 tanks tested. Three samples from SRS tanks have been tested, out of seven tanks containing high aluminum sludge. One full-scale aluminum dissolution was successfully performed on waste at SRS in 1982, but generated a very large quantity of liquid waste ({approx}3,000,000 gallons). No large-scale tests have been done on Hanford wastes. Although the data to date give a generally positive indication that aluminum dissolution will work, many issues remain, predominantly because of variable waste compositions and changes in process conditions, downstream processing, or storage limitations. Better approaches are needed to deal with the waste volumes and limitations on disposal methods. To develop a better approach requires a more extensive understanding of the kinetics of dissolution, as well as the factors that effect rates, effectiveness, and secondary species. Models of the dissolution rate that have been developed are useful, but suffer from limitations on applicable compositional ranges, mineral phases, and particle properties that are difficult to measure. The experimental

McCabe, D; Jeff Pike, J; Bill Wilmarth, B

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

243

Aluminum phosphate ceramics for waste storage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present disclosure describes solid waste forms and methods of processing waste. In one particular implementation, the invention provides a method of processing waste that may be particularly suitable for processing hazardous waste. In this method, a waste component is combined with an aluminum oxide and an acidic phosphate component in a slurry. A molar ratio of aluminum to phosphorus in the slurry is greater than one. Water in the slurry may be evaporated while mixing the slurry at a temperature of about 140-200.degree. C. The mixed slurry may be allowed to cure into a solid waste form. This solid waste form includes an anhydrous aluminum phosphate with at least a residual portion of the waste component bound therein.

Wagh, Arun; Maloney, Martin D

2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

244

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum metal matrix Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Discontinuously reinforced aluminum composites, Nanophase aluminum alloys, Bulk metallic glasses... of Missouri 1993 Young Metallurgist Award from the Indian...

245

EFFECT OF MECHANICAL DISCONTINUITIES ON THE STRENGTH OF POLYCRYSTALLINE ALUMINUM OXIDE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE STRENGTH OF POLYCRYSTALLINE ALUMINUM OXIDE S. Wallace ofThe variables and number of aluminum oxide (almnina). size~

Wallace, J.S.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Food Safety and Technology Food Safety and Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Food Safety and Technology Food Safety and Technology Institute for Food Safety and Health IIT Program Manager: Renee McBrien The Institute for Food Safety and Health (IFSH), with IIT faculty, U ground for individuals seeking graduate edu- cation in food safety and technology and food process

Heller, Barbara

247

Development of a Cosmetic Corrosion Test for Aluminum Autobody...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

a Cosmetic Corrosion Test for Aluminum Autobody Panels AMD 309 Development of a Cosmetic Corrosion Test for Aluminum Autobody Panels AMD 309 Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office...

248

An Invitation to Join the Food Safety Preventive Controls Alliance Working Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Invitation to Join the Food Safety Preventive Controls Alliance Working Group The Food Safety Preventive Controls Alliance (FSPCA) is a broad-based public-private alliance established in late 2011 for Food Safety and Health (IIT IFSH). The mission of the Alliance is to support safe food production

Saniie, Jafar

249

Surface alloying of silicon into aluminum substrate.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aluminum alloys that are easily castable tend to have lower silicon content and hence lower wear resistance. The use of laser surface alloying to improve the surface wear resistance of 319 and 320 aluminum alloys was examined. A silicon layer was painted onto the surface to be treated. A high power pulsed Nd:YAG laser with fiberoptic beam delivery was used to carry out the laser surface treatment to enhance the silicon content. Process parameters were varied to minimize the surface roughness from overlap of the laser beam treatment. The surface-alloyed layer was characterized and the silicon content was determined.

Xu, Z.

1998-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

250

Cathode Connector For Aluminum Low Temperature Smelting Cell  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Cathode connector means for low temperature aluminum smelting cell for connecting titanium diboride cathode or the like to bus bars.

Brown, Craig W. (Seattle, WA); Beck, Theodore R. (Seattle, WA); Frizzle, Patrick B. (Seattle, WA)

2003-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

251

Activated aluminum hydride hydrogen storage compositions and uses thereof  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In one aspect, the invention relates to activated aluminum hydride hydrogen storage compositions containing aluminum hydride in the presence of, or absence of, hydrogen desorption stimulants. The invention particularly relates to such compositions having one or more hydrogen desorption stimulants selected from metal hydrides and metal aluminum hydrides. In another aspect, the invention relates to methods for generating hydrogen from such hydrogen storage compositions.

Sandrock, Gary (Ringwood, NJ); Reilly, James (Bellport, NY); Graetz, Jason (Mastic, NY); Wegrzyn, James E. (Brookhaven, NY)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

252

Aluminum Removal from Photographic Waste Submitted to Dr. Tony Bi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aluminum Removal from Photographic Waste Submitted to Dr. Tony Bi By: Kristen Favel, Tiffany Jung, and Kenny Tam CHBE 484 University of British Columbia April 15, 2009 #12;ii "Aluminum Removal from photographic waste has shown elevated levels of aluminum in the fixer, which exceed sewer discharge standards

253

Mobilizing aluminum in crustal and mantle fluids Craig E. Manning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mobilizing aluminum in crustal and mantle fluids Craig E. Manning Department of Earth and Space December 2005 Available online 9 March 2006 Abstract Aluminum is a major rock-forming element, but its low by formation of polynuclear Na­Al­Si­O clusters and/or polymers. Aluminum should not be assumed to be immobile

Manning, Craig

254

Inhibition of Aluminum Oxyhydroxide Precipitation with Citric Acid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inhibition of Aluminum Oxyhydroxide Precipitation with Citric Acid Daniel M. Dabbs, Usha as an agent for increasing the solubility of aluminum oxyhydroxides in aqueous solutions of high (>2.47 mol/mol) hydroxide-to-aluminum ratios. Conversely, citric acid also colloidally stabilizes particles in aqueous

Aksay, Ilhan A.

255

Reaction of Aluminum with Water to Produce Hydrogen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reaction of Aluminum with Water to Produce Hydrogen A Study of Issues Related to the Use of Aluminum for On-Board Vehicular Hydrogen Storage U.S. Department of Energy Version 1.0 - 2008 Page 1 Promoters Oxide Promoters Salt Promoters Combined Oxide and Salt Promoters Aluminum Pretreatment Molten

256

The Effects of Fe3+ Aluminum Silicate Phase Relations in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Effects of Fe3+ and Mn3+ on Aluminum Silicate Phase Relations in North-Central New Mexico, U, New Mexico 87131 (Received 28 November 1983; in revised form 2 October 1984) ABSTRACT Aluminum, then their equilibrium coexistence is invariant. However, the aluminum silicate minerals are not pure in highly oxidized

Lee, Cin-Ty Aeolus

257

POST-SHOCK TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS OF ALUMINUM A. Seifter1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POST-SHOCK TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS OF ALUMINUM A. Seifter1 , S. T. Stewart2 , M. R. Furlanetto1 concurrent VISAR measurements in the same optical path, validation experiments on aluminum have been-shock temperature of 495 K ± 30 K was recorded from a polished free surface of aluminum 2024-T4 subject to a peak

Stewart, Sarah T.

258

Review Article Aluminum-Induced Entropy in Biological Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review Article Aluminum-Induced Entropy in Biological Systems: Implications for Neurological years, mining, smelting, and refining of aluminum (Al) in various forms have increasingly exposed living of the Al toxicants to which we are being exposed. 1. Introduction Aluminum (Al) is the most common metal

Seneff, Stephanie

259

Reaction of Aluminum with Water to Produce Hydrogen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reaction of Aluminum with Water to Produce Hydrogen A Study of Issues Related to the Use of Aluminum for On-Board Vehicular Hydrogen Storage U.S. Department of Energy Version 2 - 2010 1 #12 Promoters Oxide Promoters Salt Promoters Combined Oxide and Salt Promoters Aluminum Pretreatment Molten

260

Optical frequency standards based on mercury and aluminum ions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical frequency standards based on mercury and aluminum ions W. M. Itano, J. C. Bergquist, A-16 . Keywords: aluminum, atomic clocks, frequency standards, ion traps, mercury 1. INTRODUCTION Optical frequency standards based on the mercury ion and, more recently, the aluminum ion are under devel- opment

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food products aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

ccsd00002835, Light scattering from cold rolled aluminum surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ccsd­00002835, version 2 ­ 14 Sep 2004 Light scattering from cold rolled aluminum surfaces Damien Camille Soula , 31400 Toulouse, France We present experimental light scattering measurements from aluminum scattering measurements of an s-polarized electromagnetic wave (632.8 nanometers) from a rough aluminum alloy

262

DESCRIBING THE PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF ALUMINUM SOFTBALL BATS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DESCRIBING THE PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF ALUMINUM SOFTBALL BATS E. BIESEN1 AND L. V. SMITH2 Washington-mail: lvsmith@wsu.edu Hollow aluminum bats were introduced over 30 years ago to provide improved durability over durability. Accordingly, the plastic deformation from a ball impact of a single-wall aluminum bat

Smith, Lloyd V.

263

Aluminum Waste Reaction Indicators in a Municipal Solid Waste Landfill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aluminum Waste Reaction Indicators in a Municipal Solid Waste Landfill Timothy D. Stark, F.ASCE1 landfills may contain aluminum from residential and commercial solid waste, industrial waste, and aluminum, may react with liquid in a landfill and cause uncontrolled temperature increases, significant changes

264

Computed Shock Response of Porous Aluminum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The shock response of powdered aluminum compacted by a driver plate was simulated with a one?dimensional Lagrangiancontinuum mechanicscomputer program. The porous aluminum was mocked up by a series of flat plates separated by gaps to obtain an initial density of 1.35 g/cm3 for the ``powder.'' The compaction process was followed in detail for two cases of driver?plate conditions corresponding to two Stanford Research Institute experiments. The calculations showed an approach to equilibrium behind the shock in each of the porous samples. The equilibrium states established were found to be consistent with the Rankine?Hugoniot jump conditions applied to aluminum of density 1.35 g/cm3. These states did not lie on the Hugoniot curve of solid?density aluminum. This was shown to be due to the significant internal?energy dependency in the equation of state. The calculated results were in good agreement with the SRI experiments. Application of this computational model to more complex cases is indicated.

Ronald Hofmann; Dudley J. Andrews; D. E. Maxwell

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Chemical vapor deposition of aluminum oxide  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An aluminum oxide film is deposited on a heated substrate by CVD from one or more alkylaluminum alkoxide compounds having composition R.sub.n Al.sub.2 (OR').sub.6-n, wherein R and R' are alkyl groups and n is in the range of 1 to 5.

Gordon, Roy (Cambridge, MA); Kramer, Keith (Cleveland, OH); Liu, Xinye (Cambridge, MA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Aluminum Solubility in Complex Electrolytes - 13011  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Predicting aluminum solubility for Hanford and Savannah River waste liquids is very important for their disposition. It is a key mission goal at each Site to leach as much aluminum as practical from sludges in order to minimize the amount of vitrified high level waste. And it is correspondingly important to assure that any soluble aluminum does not precipitate during subsequent decontamination of the liquid leachates with ion exchange. This report shows a very simple and yet thermodynamic model for aluminum solubility that is consistent with a wide range of Al liquors, from simple mixtures of hydroxide and aluminate to over 300 Hanford concentrates and to a set of 19 Bayer liquors for temperatures from 20-100 deg. C. This dimer-dS{sub mix} (DDS) model incorporates an ideal entropy of mixing along with previous reports for the Al dimer, water activities, gibbsite, and bayerite thermodynamics. We expect this model will have broad application for nuclear wastes as well as the Bayer gibbsite process industry. (authors)

Agnew, S.F. [Columbia Energy and Environmental Services, Inc., 1806 Terminal Dr., Richland, WA 99354 (United States)] [Columbia Energy and Environmental Services, Inc., 1806 Terminal Dr., Richland, WA 99354 (United States); Johnston, C.T. [Dept. of Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States)] [Dept. of Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Use of Waste Materials from the Production of Synthetic Rubber for Preparing Aluminosilicate Ceramics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An aluminum-silicon-chromium powder (ASC) extracted from waste gases in synthetic rubber production is used as an addition to kaolin-...

V. N. Antsiferov; T. S. Golodnova; S. E. Porozova

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

http://www.c-p-c.com/products/B-25.html  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Steel, Aluminum, Stainless Steel Copyright 2006 | All rights reserved. Wilmington Web Site Design by Port City Digital Container Products Corp. 112 North College Road P.O....

269

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Aluminum: GHG Inventory  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

GHG Inventory Protocols GHG Inventory Protocols EPA/IAI PFC Measurement Protocol (PDF 243 KB) Download Acrobat Reader EPA and the International Aluminium Institute have collaborated with the global primary aluminium industry to develop a standard facility-specific PFC emissions measurement protocol. Use of the protocol will help ensure the consistency and accuracy of measurements. International Aluminum Institute's Aluminum Sector Greenhouse Gas Protocol (PDF 161 KB) Download Acrobat Reader The International Aluminum Institute (IAI) Aluminum Sector Addendum to the WBCSD/WRI Greenhouse Gas Protocol enhances and expands for the aluminum sector the World Business Council for Sustainable Development/World Resources Institute greenhouse gas corporate accounting and reporting protocol.

270

FLOWSHEET FOR ALUMINUM REMOVAL FROM SLUDGE BATCH 6  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Samples of Tank 12 sludge slurry show a substantially larger fraction of aluminum than originally identified in sludge batch planning. The Liquid Waste Organization (LWO) plans to formulate Sludge Batch 6 (SB6) with about one half of the sludge slurry in Tank 12 and one half of the sludge slurry in Tank 4. LWO identified aluminum dissolution as a method to mitigate the effect of having about 50% more solids in High Level Waste (HLW) sludge than previously planned. Previous aluminum dissolution performed in a HLW tank in 1982 was performed at approximately 85 C for 5 days and dissolved nearly 80% of the aluminum in the sludge slurry. In 2008, LWO successfully dissolved 64% of the aluminum at approximately 60 C in 46 days with minimal tank modifications and using only slurry pumps as a heat source. This report establishes the technical basis and flowsheet for performing an aluminum removal process in Tank 51 for SB6 that incorporates the lessons learned from previous aluminum dissolution evolutions. For SB6, aluminum dissolution process temperature will be held at a minimum of 65 C for at least 24 days, but as long as practical or until as much as 80% of the aluminum is dissolved. As planned, an aluminum removal process can reduce the aluminum in SB6 from about 84,500 kg to as little as 17,900 kg with a corresponding reduction of total insoluble solids in the batch from 246,000 kg to 131,000 kg. The extent of the reduction may be limited by the time available to maintain Tank 51 at dissolution temperature. The range of dissolution in four weeks based on the known variability in dissolution kinetics can range from 44 to more than 80%. At 44% of the aluminum dissolved, the mass reduction is approximately 1/2 of the mass noted above, i.e., 33,300 kg of aluminum instead of 66,600 kg. Planning to reach 80% of the aluminum dissolved should allow a maximum of 81 days for dissolution and reduce the allowance if test data shows faster kinetics. 47,800 kg of the dissolved aluminum will be stored in Tank 8 and 21,000 kg will be stored in saltcake via evaporation. Up to 77% of the total aluminum planned for SB6 may be removed via aluminum dissolution. Storage of the aluminum-laden supernate in Tank 8 will require routine evaluation of the free hydroxide concentration in order to maintain aluminum in solution. Periodic evaluation will be established on concurrent frequency with corrosion program samples as previously established for aluminum-laden supernate from SB5 that is stored in Tank 11.

Pike, J; Jeffrey Gillam, J

2008-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

271

Novel 125 I production and recovery system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research suggests ways of reducing contamination of iodine-126 in iodine-125 and lays out a simpler iodine-125 production technique to increase the yield. By using aluminum irradiation vessels the yield of iodine-125 produced by neutron...

Kar, Adwitiya

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

272

Temporary Food Service  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Food Service The SLAC Caf, auditorium and visitor center have been closed and will be replaced with a new Science and User Support Building (SUSB). During this construction...

273

Spot welding of steel and aluminum using insert sheet  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Automobile industries have been increasingly interested in the use of aluminum and thus joining of steel and aluminum becomes of importance. The joining of the two types of metal raises a problem of brittle welds caused by the formation of intermetallic compounds. The authors solved the problem by using an insert sheet. This paper deals with the resistance spot welding of steel and aluminum sheets using insert sheets. The insert sheet used in the present development was a steel/aluminum clad sheet of the 0.8 mm thickness with 50% steel and 50% aluminum. The clad sheet was produced by warm rolling of steel and aluminum with a direct resistance heating process. Steel to be warm rolled was of EDDQ of the 0.4 mm thickness and aluminum was of JIS A1050 of 0.6 mm thickness. The mechanical properties of the insert clad sheets were in between those of the steel sheets and the aluminum sheets, while the clad sheets showed much better formability than the aluminum sheets. Resistance spot welding was conducted for 0.8 mm thick EDDQ steel sheets and 1.0 mm thick aluminum alloy (AL-5.5%Mg) sheets under the welding force of 1.96 kN, welding current ranging between 4.2 and 20.1 kA, and welding time from 0.5 to 10 cycles. The steel was spot welded to the steel side of the insert sheet while the aluminum was welded to the aluminum side. What the authors investigated were the applicable welding current range, nugget diameter, tensile shear strength, U-tension strength, and macro- and microstructures. In conclusion, steel sheets can be spot welded to aluminum sheets without difficulty by using clad sheets as insert materials while the strength level of the dissimilar metal spot welds is close to that of aluminum joints.

Oikawa, H.; Saito, T.; Yoshimura, T. [and others

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

274

Electron-Irradiation Damage-Rate Measurements in Aluminum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The resistivity increase upon electron irradiation near 8K of aluminum was measured as a function of incident electron energy from 0.19 to 1.6 MeV. A value of the displacement threshold energy of 16 eV was determined by extrapolation of the damage-rate curve to zero damage production. A reasonable fit between the experimental and theoretical values of the displacement cross section was achieved with an effective threshold energy of 19 eV, a value of the Frenkel resistivity of (1.3210-4 ohm cm)/(fractional concentration), and a unit step-displacement function. The tailing off in the damage rate near threshold that has been observed in Cu, Au, and Pt is apparently absent in Al.

H. H. Neely and Walter Bauer

1966-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

275

Synthesis and characterization of visible emission from rare-earth doped aluminum nitride, gallium nitride and gallium aluminum nitride powders and thin films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Nitrides of Aluminum and Gallium," J. Electrochem.1) 24 (1962). G. Long and L. M. Foster, "Aluminum Nitride, aRefractory for Aluminum to 2000C," J. Am. Ceram. Soc. ,

Tao, Jonathan Huai-Tse

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Microarray Analysis on Human Neuroblastoma Cells Exposed to Aluminum, Beta142-Amyloid or the Beta142-Amyloid Aluminum Complex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J (1992) Selective accumulation of aluminum and iron in theB, Tognon G, Zatta P (2005) Aluminum-triggered structuralrole of beta-amyloid(1-42)-aluminum complex in Alzheimers

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

West Pico Food | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pico Food Pico Food Jump to: navigation, search Name West Pico Food Place Vernon, California Sector Solar Product A distributor of wholesale frozen foods to supermarket chains in Southern California, which has had a solar installation built on its roof. Coordinates 42.761624°, -72.511495° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.761624,"lon":-72.511495,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

278

Collaborate - Food Community | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collaborate - Food Community Collaborate - Food Community Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture Collaborate This Food, Agriculture, and Rural Community establishes a unified point of access to data and statistics, and tools to identify relevant data sets. Providing researchers and other users of data and statistics with authoritative, high quality sources will realize greater benefits from public research, help to coordinate effort and reduce duplication in scientific investigation, and reveal new connections for innovative uses. It is hoped that this community will foster the development of new applications and tools to improve agricultural production, human health and nutrition, environmental benefits, and global food security and poverty

279

Thermoluminescence and Electron Spin Resonance Investigations of Minerals for the Detection of Irradiated Foods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermoluminescence (TL) measurements are used to detect irradiated foods. They are performed by investigating the minerals that contaminate certain products. Pure quartz, feldspars, and mineral mixtures, which are to be expected in foods, were examined ...

Birgit Ziegelmann; Klaus W. Bgl; Georg. A. Schreiber

1998-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

280

U.S. consumers' acceptance and willingness to buy irradiated food  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in their decisions regarding irradiated foods. Education programs seem to have positive effects on shaping consumer opinion about irradiation, which can improve the safety of food products. Thus, the results of this study provide useful information required...

Poghosyan, Arsen Vahagn

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food products aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Food Security Implication Of Climate Change In Developing Countries: Findings From A Case Study In Mali  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

&M University, College Station, TX 77843-2124, U.S.A. E-mail:tanveer@tamu.edu Bruce A. McCarl* Reagents held constant, would lessen food production and consumption, worsening food security conditions

McCarl, Bruce A.

282

Talking Trash: Oral Histories of Food In/Security from the Margins of a Dumpster  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of production, trade, consumption, and waste policy. This research raises inquiries into the gender, racial, and class dynamics of food policy, informal food economies, common pool resource usage, and embodied histories of public health and sanitation. Topically...

Vaughn, Rachel Ann

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

283

Learning Outcomes Food Science & Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the long-term sustainability of Oregon's food processing industry · Provide service to the professionLearning Outcomes Food Science & Technology Oregon State University The Department's Learning of the Department of Food Science & Technology at Oregon State University is to serve food technologists, food

Escher, Christine

284

Food price volatility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of commodity price changes in energy and metals as well as for foods...commodities, in particular corn, sugar and vegetable oils...smaller in food markets than in energy and metals markets, reflecting...insignificant fall grains (%) maize (corn) 19.3 19.4 19.2 1.02...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

The importance of food demand management for climate mitigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and fertiliser, and the inclusion of climate change as a driver of yield changes and irrigation demand. This would enable estimation of how shortfalls in irrigation water availability might affect future food production. Bioenergy scenarios also lie outside... the scope of the current paper; unless food demand patterns change significantly, there seems to be little spare land for bioenergy developments without a reduction of food availability. However, it is important to note that the model results we present...

Bajelj, Bojana; Richards, Keith S.; Allwood, Julian M.; Smith, Pete; Dennis, John S.; Curmi, Elizabeth; Gilligan, Christopher A.

2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

286

Process for production of an aluminum hydride compound  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compound of formula M(AlH.sub.3OR.sup.1).sub.y, wherein R.sup.1 is phenyl substituted by at least one of: (i) an alkoxy group having from one to six carbon atoms; and (ii) an alkyl group having from three to twelve carbon atoms; wherein M is an alkali metal, Be or Mg; and y is one or two.

Allen, Nathan Tait; Butterick, III, Robert; Chin, Arthur Achhing; Miller, Dean Michael; Molzahn, David Craig

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

287

Aluminum alloy production for the reinforcement of the CMS conductor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) is one of the general-purpose detectors to be provided for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) project at CERN. The design field of the CMS superconducting magnet is 4 T, the magnetic length is 12.5 m and the free bore is 6 m. To reinforce the high-purity (99.998%) Al-stabilized conductor of the magnet against the magnetic loadings experienced during operation at 4.2 K, two continuous sections of Al-alloy (AA) reinforcement are Electron Beam (EB) welded to it. The reinforcements have a section of 24*18 mm and are produced in continuous 2.55 km lengths. The alloy EN AW-6082 has been selected for the reinforcement due to its excellent extrudability, high strength in the precipitation hardened states, high toughness and strength at cryogenic temperature and good EB weldability. Each of the continuous lengths of the reinforcement is extruded billet on billet and press quenched on-line from the extrusion temperature in an industrial extrusion plant. In order to insure the ready EB welda...

Sequeira-Lopes-Tavares, S; Campi, D; Cur, B; Horvth, I L; Riboni, P; Sgobba, Stefano; Smith, R P

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Helium-filled aluminum flight tubes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Helium-filled aluminum flight tubes. Helium-filled aluminum flight tubes. Detector housing for the CCD camera lens, mirror, and scintillator. For more information, contact Instrument Scientist: Hassina Bilheux, bilheuxhn@ornl.gov, 865.384.9630 neutrons.ornl.gov/instruments/HFIR/factsheets/Instrument-cg1d.pdf The CG-1D beam is used for neutron imaging measurements using a white beam. Apertures (with different diameters D (pinhole geometry) are used at the entrance of the helium-filled flight path to allow L/D variation from 400 to 800. L is the distance between the aperture and the detector (where the image is produced). Samples sit on a translation/ rotation stage for alignment and tomography purposes. Detectors for CG-1D include

289

Indian Agriculture and Foods  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Agriculture and Foods Agriculture and Foods Nature Bulletin No. 387-A September 19, 1970 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation INDIAN AGRICULTURE AND FOODS Most of the Indian tribes east of the Great Plains were part-time farmers. Some of them cultivated sunflowers, giant ragweed, canary grass and pigweed for their seeds, which they used as food. Many grew tobacco. But corn, beans and squash -- wherever the climate permitted - - were the principal crops. There were several varieties of beans. They ate both the seeds and rinds of some dozens of kinds of squash and pumpkin. When game was not abundant there was a wealth of wild fruits, berries, and many kinds of wild plants with edible leaves, seeds, or roots. Corn, however, was the ' staff of life" and they depended on corn, beans and squash -- "the three sisters" -- for year-round food.

290

Summer Food Safety  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SUMMER FOOD SAFETY SUMMER FOOD SAFETY Year after year, we hear and read the same advice: Handle food carefully in the summer because foodborne illness -- also known as "food poisoning" -- is more prevalent in warmer weather. Do foodborne illnesses increase during the summer months? If so, why? Yes, foodborne illnesses do increase during the summer, and the answer appears to be twofold. First, there are the natural causes. Bacteria are present throughout the environment in soil, air, water, and in the bodies of people and animals. These microorganisms grow faster in the warm summer months. Most foodborne bacteria grow fastest at temperatures from 90 to 110 °F. Bacteria also need moisture to flourish, and summer weather is often hot and humid. Given the right circumstances, harmful bacteria can quickly multiply on food to large numbers.

291

Experimental superplastic characterization of advanced aluminum alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of America Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. R. E. Goforth An investigation into the experimental superplastic characterization of advanced aluminum alloys consisted of the design and assembly of an experimental test facility for measuring the effects.... The experimental test apparatus designed and constructed is shown in Figure 2, with four major components assembled together to form the SPF testing system. The four components are the Instron 1137 Universal testing machine, Instron 3117 furnace and Instron...

Kopp, Christopher Carl

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

292

Environmental Poisons in Our Food  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that Environmental Poisons in Our Food comparison looks likeEnvironmental Poisons in Our Food. Chicago: PNB Publishers,what is Environmental Poisons in Our Food? It is more than a

Kaag, Cindy

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Assessment of the resource associated with biomethane from food waste  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper assesses the resource of biomethane produced from food waste at a state level in the EU. The resource is dependent on the quantity of food waste available for anaerobic digestion and the specific methane yield from food waste. The specific method of undertaking biomethane potential (BMP) tests was shown to be crucial. BMP tests were carried out at different scales (5L and 0.5L) with different sources of inoculum, for both wet and dried substrate samples. The upper bound BMP results for source segregated canteen food waste gave specific methane yields of between 467 and 529L CH4 per kg volatile solids added. The higher results were associated with acclimatised inoculum and wet samples of food waste. The potential renewable resource of biomethane from food waste is shown to be equivalent to 2.8% of energy in transport in Ireland; this is significant as it surpasses the resource associated with electrifying 10% of the private car fleet in Ireland, which is currently the preferred option for renewable energy in transport in the country. However for this resource to be realised within the EU, source segregation of food waste must be effected. According to the Animal By-Products Regulations, digestate from source segregated food waste may be applied to agricultural land post anaerobic digestion. Digestate from food waste derived from a mixed waste source may not be applied to agricultural land. Thus biomethane from food waste is predicated on source segregation of food waste.

James D. Browne; Jerry D. Murphy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

THE PROTOTYPE ALUMINUM - CARBON SINGLE, DOUBLE, AND TRIPLE BONDS: Al - CH3, Al = CH2, AND Al. = CH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

three prototype Table II. aluminum-carbon bonds and theirPhysics THE PROTOTYPE ALUMINUM - CARBON SINGLE, DOUBLE, ANDLBL-l0871 The Prototype Aluminum - Carbon Single, Double.

Fox, Douglas J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Influence of argon and oxygen on charge-state-resolved ion energy distributions of filtered aluminum arcs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy distributions of filtered aluminum arcs Johanna Rosndistributions (IEDs) in filtered aluminum vacuum arc plasmasfor vacuum arc plasmas. Aluminum plasma, for example,

Rosen, Johanna; Anders, Andre; Mraz, Stanislav; Atiser, Adil; Schneider, Jochen M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Lithium-aluminum-carbonate-hydroxide hydrate coatings on aluminum alloys: Composition, structure, and processing bath chemistry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new corrosion resistant coating, being designed for possible replacement of chromate conversion coatings on aluminum alloys, was investigated for composition, structure, and solubility using a variety of techniques. The stoichiometry of the material, prepared by immersion of 1100 Al alloy into a lithium carbonate-lithium hydroxide solution, was approximately Li{sub 2}Al{sub 4}CO{sub 3}(OH){sub 12}{center_dot}3H{sub 2}O. Processing time was shown to be dependent upon the bath pH, and consistent coating formation required supersaturation of the coating bath with aluminum. The exact crystal structure of this hydrotalcite material, hexagonal or monoclinic, was not determined. It was shown that both the bulk material and coatings with the same nominal composition and crystal structure could be formed by precipitation from an aluminum supersatured solution of lithium carbonate. {copyright} {ital 1996 Materials Research Society.}

Drewien, C.A.; Eatough, M.O.; Tallant, D.R.; Hills, C.R.; Buchheit, R.G. [Materials and Process Sciences Center, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States)

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Dehulling cottonseed for use in food products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with front cover removed Barley Pearler length of run vs percent dehulled. . 8 10 12 13 15 Drum-Grinder. Flow of seed through the Drum-Grinder View of inside of the drum. Charring equipment. View of the charring tube and vibrator. McGill Sample... pretreatment. 59 Percent dehulling and particle size distribution achieved by various gap settings of the Sample Sheller using charring as a pretreatment. 60 Percent dehulling and particle size distribution achieved by various gap settings of the Sample...

Wink, Robert Earl

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Metro Vancouver: Designing for Urban Food Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

green streets, and green energy interventions in cities.farming, public space, green energy, social, and educationalFor example, energy intensive green house agriculture may

Roehr, Daniel; Kunigk, Isabel

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Agriculture's Hold on the Commonwealth Food Marketing and Lumber  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Agriculture's Hold on the Commonwealth 43 Food Marketing and Lumber Processing in Massachusetts, University of Massachusetts Amherst #12;Food Marketing and Lumber Processing in Massachusetts, 1958 to1997 44 marketing chain) because processing is directly linked to primary production, the topic of our first white

Schweik, Charles M.

300

Revised March 14, 2011 Master Food Volunteer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

demonstrations at farmers' markets, health/wellness fairs, nutrition/healthy cooking workshops and physical product or place of business. In surveying county agents, many activities have been mentioned as potential in doing. Below are some ideas of activities for volunteers: Health fairs Food demonstrations Farmers

Liskiewicz, Maciej

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food products aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

INSTITUTE FOR SHOCK PHYSICSLaser-Shock Spall Experiments in Aluminum II: Interface Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fracture in aluminum alloys at short time scales (10-8 s) · Role of PMMA backing material window -Changing-T6 or 1100-H14 aluminum targets approximately 110 m thick · PMMA with vapor deposited Al mirror Soda. (2006) * Advised by Yoshi Toyoda and Y. M. Gupta Aluminum Thickness (m) Aluminum Alloy Aluminum

Collins, Gary S.

302

Five Ways Aluminum Foil Is Advancing Science | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Five Ways Aluminum Foil Is Advancing Science Five Ways Aluminum Foil Is Advancing Science Five Ways Aluminum Foil Is Advancing Science September 7, 2012 - 5:33pm Addthis SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory uses massive quantities of aluminum foil to perform "bake out" of their equipment. In a typical bake out, the equipment is blanketed in foil, wrapped with electrical heat tape, and then covered in foil again. Heat tape is used to heat the metal chamber just enough to loosen any residues that could cause trouble. The aluminum foil helps spread the heat evenly. | Photo of SLAC SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory uses massive quantities of aluminum foil to perform "bake out" of their equipment. In a typical bake out, the equipment is blanketed in foil, wrapped with electrical heat tape, and then

303

Five Ways Aluminum Foil Is Advancing Science | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Five Ways Aluminum Foil Is Advancing Science Five Ways Aluminum Foil Is Advancing Science Five Ways Aluminum Foil Is Advancing Science September 7, 2012 - 5:33pm Addthis SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory uses massive quantities of aluminum foil to perform "bake out" of their equipment. In a typical bake out, the equipment is blanketed in foil, wrapped with electrical heat tape, and then covered in foil again. Heat tape is used to heat the metal chamber just enough to loosen any residues that could cause trouble. The aluminum foil helps spread the heat evenly. | Photo of SLAC SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory uses massive quantities of aluminum foil to perform "bake out" of their equipment. In a typical bake out, the equipment is blanketed in foil, wrapped with electrical heat tape, and then

304

Food Service | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Service Definition Buildings used for preparation and sale of food and beverages for consumption. Sub Categories fast food, restaurant or cafeteria References EIA CBECS Building...

305

Using a complex system approach to address world challenges in Food and Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

World food supply is crucial to the well-being of every human on the planet in the basic sense that we need food to live. It also has a profound impact on the world economy, international trade and global political stability. Furthermore, consumption of certain types and amounts foods can affect health, and the choice of livestock and plants for food production can impact sustainable use of global resources. There are communities where insufficient food causes nutritional deficiencies, and at the same time other communities eating too much food leading to obesity and accompanying diseases. These aspects reflect the utmost importance of agricultural production and conversion of commodities to food products. Moreover, all factors contributing to the food supply are interdependent, and they are an integrative part of the continuously changing, adaptive and interdependent systems in the world around us. The properties of such interdependent systems usually cannot be inferred from the properties of its parts. In a...

van Mil, H G J; Windhab, E J; Perrot, N; van der Linden, E

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Evaluation of the food safety management system in a hospital food service operation toward Listeria monocytogenes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The unique aspects of a hospital environment, such as the multitude of dietary needs and thus the variety of meals to be served and incoming (raw) materials to be used, challenge the development and application of appropriate control and assurance measures to guarantee food safety. Besides, Listeria monocytogenes is considered a risk for most food service operations producing and serving ready-to-eat foods. Therefore the food safety management system of a hospital food service operation has been evaluated toward L. monocytogenes with an extensive questionnaire in the preset of this case study. In addition, 49 samples of food products and 145 environmental samples were taken and analyzed for L. monocytogenes to verify the implemented control measures. From this case study, it becomes clear that incoming (raw) materials, produced final products and their immediate supply to patients/consumers are high risk situations. This was demonstrated by the presence of L. monocytogenes in six incoming (raw) materials (n=19) and one final product (n=9). These risky situations are in need to be mitigated by the implementation of proper control measures, e.g. intensified supplier control, low storage temperatures, cleaning and disinfection to control cross-contamination. However major improvements can be made on the hygienic design of equipment and facilities and on the level of the sampling design. In terms of assurance activities, such as setting up a sampling plan, only a basic level was obtained for the validation and verification of their food safety management system. This case study illustrates that the combination of data from the questionnaire together with data of the sampling result in an overview on the performance of the current food safety management system and that major non-compliances and possibilities for improvement in the system can be defined.

E. Lahou; L. Jacxsens; E. Verbunt; M. Uyttendaele

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Virtual Aluminum Castings An Industrial Application of Integrated...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Virtual Aluminum Castings An Industrial Application of Integrated Computational Materials Engineering Home Author: J. Allison, M. Li, C. Wolverton, X. Su Year: 2006 Abstract: The...

308

Fracture of welded aluminum thin-walled structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A comprehensive methodology was developed in the thesis for damage prediction of welded aluminum thin-walled structures, which includes material modeling, calibration, numerical simulation and experimental verification. ...

Zheng, Li, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Achieving Carbon Neutrality in the Global Aluminum Industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

TableVII...illustrates a suggested carbon scoreboard. The global aluminum industry can become carbon neutral, reducing its current carbon print of 500million metric tonnes per year... ...

Subodh Das

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Electrodeposition of magnesium and magnesium/aluminum alloys  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Electrolytes and plating solutions for use in processes for electroplating and electroforming pure magnesium and alloys of aluminum and magnesium and also electrodeposition processes. An electrolyte of this invention is comprised of an alkali metal fluoride or a quaternary ammonium halide, dimethyl magnesium and/or diethyl magnesium, and triethyl aluminum and/or triisobutyl aluminum. An electrolyte may be dissolved in an aromatic hydrocarbon solvent to form a plating solution. The proportions of the component compounds in the electrolyte are varied to produce essentially pure magnesium or magnesium/aluminum alloys having varying selected compositions.

Mayer, A.

1988-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

311

Aluminum-doped Zinc Oxide Nanoink - Energy Innovation Portal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

cells, photochromic windows, chemical sensors, and biosensors. Description The optoelectronic properties of AZO nanocrystals can be tuned by controlling their aluminum content....

312

Electrodeposition of magnesium and magnesium/aluminum alloys  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Electrolytes and plating solutions for use in processes for electroplating and electroforming pure magnesium and alloys of aluminum and magnesium and also electrodeposition processes. An electrolyte of this invention is comprised of an alkali metal fluoride or a quaternary ammonium halide, dimethyl magnesium and/or diethyl magnesium, and triethyl aluminum and/or triisobutyl aluminum. An electrolyte may be dissolved in an aromatic hydrocarbon solvent to form a plating solution. The proportions of the component compounds in the electrolyte are varied to produce essentially pure magnesium or magnesium/aluminum alloys having varying selected compositions.

Mayer, Anton (Los Alamos, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Joining of parts via magnetic heating of metal aluminum powders  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of joining at least two parts includes steps of dispersing a joining material comprising a multi-phase magnetic metal-aluminum powder at an interface between the at least two parts to be joined and applying an alternating magnetic field (AMF). The AMF has a magnetic field strength and frequency suitable for inducing magnetic hysteresis losses in the metal-aluminum powder and is applied for a period that raises temperature of the metal-aluminum powder to an exothermic transformation temperature. At the exothermic transformation temperature, the metal-aluminum powder melts and resolidifies as a metal aluminide solid having a non-magnetic configuration.

Baker, Ian

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

314

Microsoft PowerPoint - Aluminum Concentrations in Storm Water...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

publication or guarantee its technical correctness. Title: Solid and Dissolved Phase Aluminum in Storm Water Runoff on the Pajarito Plateau, Poster, Individual Permit for Storm...

315

Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

(DBA) Substrates Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

316

ORNL: Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates (Agreement...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates (Agreement ID:23278) 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

317

ORNL: Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates (Agreement...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates H. -T. Lin, A. A. Wereszczak, and S. Waters Oak Ridge National Laboratory This presentation does not contain any proprietary,...

318

High-Temperature Aluminum Alloys | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting pm044smith2012o.pdf More Documents & Publications High-Temperature Aluminum Alloys Vehicle...

319

8 - Continuous temperature monitoring along the chilled food supply chain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: This chapter addresses the need for continuous temperature monitoring along the entire food supply chain to ensure food quality and safety. In the first part, the needs and expectations as well as barriers of supply chain actors regarding novel technologies are discussed. In the second part, novel technologies for the continuous control of temperature conditions in chilled food chains are presented. These include temperature monitoring systems based on radio frequency identification (RFID) and smart labels, such as time temperature indicators (TTIs). Finally, solutions are presented which show how temperature monitoring systems can be linked with product characteristics to improve food quality and safety.

M. Eden; V. Raab; J. Kreyenschmidt; T. Hafliason; G. Olafsdttir; S.G. Bogason

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

The global food supply  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...cure-alls include land reforms, crash programs in education...initiated somewhat earlier, Mexico moved from a substantial...principal sources of food energy for the world's population...essential agricultural reforms. If the population problem...

J G Harrar

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food products aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

The Future of Science: Food and Water for Life  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...agricultural and economic development in Africa. FOOD VERSUS FUEL There is ongoing debate in many scientific circles as well as...perennial grasses and woody species, cellulosic waste, and algae. Tilman and colleagues have argued that expanding the production...

Nancy A. Eckardt; Eleonora Cominelli; Massimo Galbiati; Chiara Tonelli

2009-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

322

Pinch Application- Heat Pump Study in a Food Plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was to appropriatly place and size the heat pump system in a food plant. A change in the process configuration was recommended as a result of this study to increase the heat pump profitability and to improve the product quality....

Chao, Y. T.; Tripathi, P.

323

New Challenges to Food Security in Sub-Saharan Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The countries of Sub-Saharan Africa remain among the globe's least developed and most food insecure nations. Policymakers argue that the answers to increased agricultural productivity and financial growth lie in the adoption ...

Indzembi, Franck Corentin

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

324

(Data in metric tons of lithium content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Chile was the leading lithium chemical producer in the world; Argentina, China, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

%; primary aluminum production, 6%; continuous casting, 4%; rubber and thermoplastics, 4%; pharmaceuticals, 294 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of lithium content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production resources, reported production and value of production were withheld from publication to avoid disclosing

325

Ab Initio Study of the Interaction of Water with Cluster Models of the Aluminum Terminated (0001) r-Aluminum Oxide Surface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ab Initio Study of the Interaction of Water with Cluster Models of the Aluminum Terminated (0001) r-Aluminum to hydroxylation of the aluminum terminated surface, the two water process was found to be the most exothermic, occurring within 10-2 s. I. Introduction As one of the most important ceramic materials, R-aluminum oxide

Schlegel, H. Bernhard

326

Long-term and Highly Aluminum-resistant Root Elongation in a Camphor Tree Cinnamomum camphora  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the detoxification of aluminum in roots of tea plant (Oda A, Yamamoto F, Effects of aluminum on growth and biomassT, Beneficial effect of aluminum on growth of plants adapted

Osawa, Hiroki

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

MICROSTRUCTURE AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF AISI 4340 STEEL MODIFIED WITH ALUMINUM AND SILICON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Met. Trans. 1,2163 (1972). Aluminum_~n Iron~, S. L. Case andSTEEL MODIFIED WITH ALUMINUM AND SILIC ON ManjeshwarThe influence of additions of aluminum and combinations of

Bhat, M.S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Aluminum-tungsten fiber composites with cylindrical geometry and controlled architecture of tungsten reinforcement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chung, D. Silicon-Aluminum Network Composites Fabricated byFigure 95 - Fine model with initial aluminum matrix failure.slight necking of the aluminum matrix. Note failed elements

Lucchese, Carl Joesph

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Low-Cycle Fatigue of Ultra-Fine-Grained Cryomilled 5083 Aluminum Alloy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of an Ultra-Fine Grained Aluminum Alloy, Poster Session,Grained Cryomilled 5083 Aluminum Alloy J.L. WALLEY, E.J.consistent with other MA aluminum alloys and is attributed

Walley, J. L.; Lavernia, E. J.; Gibeling, J. C.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Control of residual aluminum from conventional treatment to improve reverse osmosis performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2005. The Role of Dissolved Aluminum in Silica Chemistry forDraft Public Health Goal for Aluminum in Drinking Water .1994. Control of Residual Aluminum in Filtered Water . AWWA,

Gabelich, C J; Ishida, K P; Gerringer, F W; Evangelista, R; Kalyan, M; Suffet, I H

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Thermal coatings for titanium-aluminum alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Titanium aluminides and titanium alloys are candidate materials for use in hot structure and heat-shield components of hypersonic vehicles because of their good strength-to-weight characteristics at elevated temperature. However, in order to utilize their maximum temperature capability, they must be coated to resist oxidation and to have a high total remittance. Also, surface catalysis for recombination of dissociated species in the aerodynamic boundary layer must be minimized. Very thin chemical vapor deposition (CVD) coatings are attractive candidates for this application because of durability and very light weight. To demonstrate this concept, coatings of boron-silicon and aluminum-boron-silicon compositions were applied to the titanium-aluminides alpha2 (Ti-14Al-21Nb), super-alpha2 (Ti-14Al-23-Nb-2V), and gamma (Ti-33Al-6Nb-1Ta) and to the titanium alloy beta-21S (Ti-15Mo-3Al-3Nb-0.2Si). Coated specimens of each alloy were subjected to a set of simulated hypersonic vehicle environmental tests to determine their properties of oxidation resistance, surface catalysis, radiative emittance, and thermal shock resistance. Surface catalysis results should be viewed as relative performance only of the several coating-alloy combinations tested under the specific environmental conditions of the LaRC Hypersonic Materials Environmental Test System (HYMETS) arc-plasma-heated hypersonic wind tunnel. Tests were also conducted to evaluate the hydrogen transport properties of the coatings and any effects of the coating processing itself on fatigue life of the base alloys. Results are presented for three types of coatings, which are as follows: (1) a single layer boron silicon coating, (2) a single layer aluminum-boron-silicon coating, and (3) a multilayer coating consisting of an aluminum-boron-silicon sublayer with a boron-silicon outer layer.

Cunnington, G.R.; Clark, R.K.; Robinson, J.C.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Energy Use in the U. S. Food System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...de-spite increases in grain production in some areas, the world...substantial excess agricultural production in the next decade...about 3000 food calories per day (instead of their present...U.S. farms for the production of corn is now near 1...

John S. Steinhart; Carol E. Steinhart

1974-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

333

Land Degradation: Effects on Food and Energy Resources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...efforts to increase production in the Great Plains...to increase food production (64). Limited...farm including fields and roads (65...impact on crop production, but the effects...The total and cumulative effects of soil...in northeastern Illinois on land with a...

David Pimentel; Elinor C. Terhune; Rada Dyson-Hudson; Stephen Rochereau; Robert Samis; Eric A. Smith; Daniel Denman; David Reifschneider; Michael Shepard

1976-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

334

Bioenergy and Food Security Criteria and Indicators (BEFSCI) Website | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bioenergy and Food Security Criteria and Indicators (BEFSCI) Website Bioenergy and Food Security Criteria and Indicators (BEFSCI) Website Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Bioenergy and Food Security Criteria and Indicators (BEFSCI) Website Focus Area: Other Biofuels Topics: Training Material Website: www.fao.org/bioenergy/foodsecurity/befsci/en/ Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/bioenergy-and-food-security-criteria- Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance This website-created by the Bioenergy and food Security project of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)-provides policymakers and practitioners a set of criteria, indicators, good practices, and policy options for sustainable bioenergy production to

335

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY THE ALUMINUM COMPANY OF AMERICA (ALCOA) FOR  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

FOR FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC07-98ID13666; W(A)-98-014; CH-0979 The Petitioner, Alcoa, has requested a waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions arising from its participation under the above referenced cooperative agreement entitled "Industrial Energy Conservation R&D for Energy Efficient Aluminum." The objective of this cooperative agreement is to design and develop a commercially viable and energy efficient aluminum production cell through the use of advanced anode and cathode materials that use 02 evolving anodes and wetted cathodes to achieve a 30% reduction in energy usage. This program will be carried out under three bench and three pilot scales tests along

336

Energy conservation in the primary aluminum and chlor-alkali industries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary aluminum and chlor-alkali industries together use nearly 13% of the electrical energy consumed by US industry. As part of its mission to promote energy conservation in basic US industries, the DOE surveys the present technological status of the major electrochemical industries and evaluates promising technological innovations that may lead to reduced energy requirements. This study provides technical and economic analyses in support of a government program of research and development in advanced electrolytic technology. This program is intended to supplement the development efforts directed toward energy savings by private industry. Sections II and III of this report cover aluminum and chlorine production processes only, since these two industries represent over 90% of the electrical energy requirements of all electrolytic industries in the United States. Section IV examines barriers to accelerated research and development by the electrolytic industries, and makes suggestions for government actions to overcome these barriers.

Not Available

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternative food processing Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics 28 Livelihood Insecurity and Social Conflict in Nepal Summary: regarding the production, distribution, processing and marketing of food. In...

338

Analysis and simplification of a mathematical model for high-pressure food processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nowadays, consumers look for minimally processed, additive-free food products that maintain their organoleptic properties. This has led to the development of new technologies for food processing. One emerging technology is high hydrostatic pressure, ... Keywords: Boundary layer solution, Food technology, Heat transfer, High pressure, Modelling, Separation of variables solution

N. A. S. Smith, S. L. Mitchell, A. M. Ramos

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development ISSN: 2152-0801 online  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that recognizes the socio-ecological and socio-technical dimensions of food (Ericksen, 2008; Ingram, 2011 a vehicle for inspiring the production of new research ideas and collaborations for sustainably transforming food engineering, agronomy, ecology, geography, psychology, public health, food politics, nutritional

Ummenhofer, Caroline C.

340

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum based composites Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

UT-BATTELLE FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Summary: power electronics. Testing of aluminum conductor, composite-reinforced (ACCR), a new 3M composite... embedded in an aluminum...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food products aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum strand coating Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

evaporate nickel and aluminum and then reactively deposit NiAl bond coats... coat's oxidation resistance is achieved by the use of sufficient aluminum to result in the...

342

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum joined employing Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Conversion and Utilization 3 ENS'05 Paris, France, 14-16 December 2005 CONTROL POROUS PATTERN OF ANODIC ALUMINUM OXIDE Summary: tightly clamped aluminum foils, rather than the...

343

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum alloy eroded Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

form January 21, 1999) Introduction The use of aluminum alloys for automotive body... behavior in aluminum alloy 6022. Experimental Procedure ... Source: Laughlin, David E. -...

344

Method of forming aluminum oxynitride material and bodies formed by such methods  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods of forming aluminum oxynitride (AlON) materials include sintering green bodies comprising aluminum orthophosphate or another sacrificial material therein. Such green bodies may comprise aluminum, oxygen, and nitrogen in addition to the aluminum orthophosphate. For example, the green bodies may include a mixture of aluminum oxide, aluminum nitride, and aluminum orthophosphate or another sacrificial material. Additional methods of forming aluminum oxynitride (AlON) materials include sintering a green body including a sacrificial material therein, using the sacrificial material to form pores in the green body during sintering, and infiltrating the pores formed in the green body with a liquid infiltrant during sintering. Bodies are formed using such methods.

Bakas, Michael P. (Ammon, ID) [Ammon, ID; Lillo, Thomas M. (Idaho Falls, ID) [Idaho Falls, ID; Chu, Henry S. (Idaho Falls, ID) [Idaho Falls, ID

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

345

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum automotive components Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Department, University of New Hampshire Collection: Engineering 24 1 Introduction 1.1 Aluminum alloys Summary: 1 1 Introduction 1.1 Aluminum alloys Automotive industry demands...

346

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum alloy matrix Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

studied at different length scales. At an atomic scale the aluminum... of plasticity, fracture, is studied. Microstructure and properties of aluminum-scandium alloys Recently......

347

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum nitride ceramics Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Emily Parker, Vanni Lughi, Noel C. MacDonald Summary: , biocompatibility, and high fracture toughness. As a piezoelectric ceramic, aluminum nitride is compatible... Aluminum...

348

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum alloys grain Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

aluminum... -lithium and aluminum-gallium has been studied. In ... Source: DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure...

349

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum casting technology Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

summarizes attempts of incorporating fly ash into aluminum castings to decrease the energy content, material... . It is shown that fly ash can be incorporated in aluminum...

350

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum energy conservation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

summarizes attempts of incorporating fly ash into aluminum castings to decrease the energy content, material... of aluminum melts containing up to 10 vol.% fly ash particles....

351

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum shape casting Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

summarizes attempts of incorporating fly ash into aluminum castings to decrease the energy content, material... . It is shown that fly ash can be incorporated in aluminum...

352

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum cars Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sample search results for: aluminum cars Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 ORNLTM-1999157 ENERGY DIVISION Summary: aluminum content in passenger cars. General Motors is increasing...

353

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum hydroxide complexes Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Organic Acids as Competing Sorbates on Amorphous Aluminum Oxide. (3791) Authors: K... sorption of P to amorphous aluminum oxides. Alum initially decreases litter pH, so the...

354

Characteristics of Aluminum Biosorption by Sargassum fluitans Biomass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characteristics of Aluminum Biosorption by Sargassum fluitans Biomass Hak Sung Lee1, * and Bohumil3A 2B2, Canada Abstract: Biomass of nonliving brown seaweed Sargassum fluitans pretreated.5. There are indications that the biomass hydroxyl groups were involved in sequestering the aluminum in the form

Volesky, Bohumil

355

Aluminum Reactions and Problems in Municipal Solid Waste Landfills  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aluminum Reactions and Problems in Municipal Solid Waste Landfills G. Vincent Calder, Ph.D.1 ; and Timothy D. Stark, Ph.D., P.E., F.ASCE2 Abstract: Aluminum enters municipal solid waste MSW landfills from problematic for landfill operations by generating undesirable heat, liquid leachate, and gases

356

Superconducting structure with layers of niobium nitride and aluminum nitride  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A superconducting structure is formed by depositing alternate layers of aluminum nitride and niobium nitride on a substrate. Deposition methods include dc magnetron reactive sputtering, rf magnetron reactive sputtering, thin-film diffusion, chemical vapor deposition, and ion-beam deposition. Structures have been built with layers of niobium nitride and aluminum nitride having thicknesses in a range of 20 to 350 Angstroms. Best results have been achieved with films of niobium nitride deposited to a thickness of approximately 70 Angstroms and aluminum nitride deposited to a thickness of approximately 20 Angstroms. Such films of niobium nitride separated by a single layer of aluminum nitride are useful in forming Josephson junctions. Structures of 30 or more alternating layers of niobium nitride and aluminum nitride are useful when deposited on fixed substrates or flexible strips to form bulk superconductors for carrying electric current. They are also adaptable as voltage-controlled microwave energy sources.

Murduck, James M. (Lisle, IL); Lepetre, Yves J. (Lauris, FR); Schuller, Ivan K. (Woodridge, IL); Ketterson, John B. (Evanston, IL)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Superconducting structure with layers of niobium nitride and aluminum nitride  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A superconducting structure is formed by depositing alternate layers of aluminum nitride and niobium nitride on a substrate. Deposition methods include dc magnetron reactive sputtering, rf magnetron reactive sputtering, thin-film diffusion, chemical vapor deposition, and ion-beam deposition. Structures have been built with layers of niobium nitride and aluminum nitride having thicknesses in a range of 20 to 350 Angstroms. Best results have been achieved with films of niobium nitride deposited to a thickness of approximately 70 Angstroms and aluminum nitride deposited to a thickness of approximately 20 Angstroms. Such films of niobium nitride separated by a single layer of aluminum nitride are useful in forming Josephson junctions. Structures of 30 or more alternating layers of niobium nitride and aluminum nitride are useful when deposited on fixed substrates or flexible strips to form bulk superconductors for carrying electric current. They are also adaptable as voltage-controlled microwave energy sources. 8 figs.

Murduck, J.M.; Lepetre, Y.J.; Schuller, I.K.; Ketterson, J.B.

1989-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

358

On the mechanism of aluminum ignition in steam explosions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An available theory [Epstein, M., Fauske, H.K., 1994. A crystallization theory of underwater aluminum ignition. Nucl. Eng. Des. 146, 147164] of the ignition of aluminum melt drops under water, which is based on the assumption that the aluminum oxide (Al2O3) drop-surface skin first appears in a metastable molten state, is compared with existing experimental data on the ignition of aluminum drops behind shock waves in water [Theofanous, T.G., Chen, X., DiPiazza, P., Epstein, M., Fauske, H.K., 1994. Ignition of aluminum droplets behind shock waves in water, Phys. Fluids 6, 35133515]. The predicted and measured ignition temperature of about 1770 K coincides approximately with the spontaneous nucleation temperature of supercooled liquid Al2O3 (1760 K). This suggests that the crystallization of the oxide layer represents a strong barrier to aluminum drop ignition under water. Apparently a similar interpretation is applicable to aluminum drop ignition in gaseous oxidizing atmospheres. We conclude from the theory that the low-temperature aluminum ignitions (in the range 11001600 K) that have been observed during steam explosions are a consequence of the short aluminum drop oxidation times in this environment relative to the characteristic time for Al2O3 crystallization. Several aspects of the aluminum drop/shock interaction experiments besides ignition are discussed in the paper. In particular, the experiments provide strong evidence that during the course of a vapor explosion metal fragmentation occurs via a thermal mechanism at low pressure and precedes the development of a high-pressure shock.

M Epstein; H.K Fauske; T.G Theofanous

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Carbon Emissions: Food Industry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Food Industry Food Industry Carbon Emissions in the Food Industry The Industry at a Glance, 1994 (SIC Code: 20) Total Energy-Related Emissions: 24.4 million metric tons of carbon (MMTC) -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 6.6% Total First Use of Energy: 1,193 trillion Btu -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 5.5% Carbon Intensity: 20.44 MMTC per quadrillion Btu Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey" and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998 Energy-Related Carbon Emissions, 1994 Source of Carbon Carbon Emissions (million metric tons) All Energy Sources 24.4 Net Electricity 9.8 Natural Gas 9.1 Coal 4.2 All Other Sources 1.3 Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey" and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998

360

Analyzing Food Safety Cultures: A Means to Improve Food Safety in the Catering Sector .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Food safety is one of the most pertinent issues in the food service industry. Food borne illness and food poisoning can be lethal and can (more)

Ghezzi, Sara

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food products aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Nanostructured lithium-aluminum alloy electrodes for lithium-ion batteries.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrodeposited aluminum films and template-synthesized aluminum nanorods are examined as negative electrodes for lithium-ion batteries. The lithium-aluminum alloying reaction is observed electrochemically with cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic cycling in lithium half-cells. The electrodeposition reaction is shown to have high faradaic efficiency, and electrodeposited aluminum films reach theoretical capacity for the formation of LiAl (1 Ah/g). The performance of electrodeposited aluminum films is dependent on film thickness, with thicker films exhibiting better cycling behavior. The same trend is shown for electron-beam deposited aluminum films, suggesting that aluminum film thickness is the major determinant in electrochemical performance regardless of deposition technique. Synthesis of aluminum nanorod arrays on stainless steel substrates is demonstrated using electrodeposition into anodic aluminum oxide templates followed by template dissolution. Unlike nanostructures of other lithium-alloying materials, the electrochemical performance of these aluminum nanorod arrays is worse than that of bulk aluminum.

Hudak, Nicholas S.; Huber, Dale L.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Food Adulteration in Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

proper provision for its enfolrcement, passage of the Federal Food Law. The time seems propitious for the 4 and which will, in co-operation with the Federal law, rfd the State of all adulterated or illegal food. The present Texas law is a good one... itself until the past summer. 3 Samples were then collected in Houston, Bryan, Waco, Dallas, Ft. Worth, and Clebiurne These samples were examined for adulteration or illegal additions, and the results are presented in the following tables. Table I...

Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1906-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

23.11.2014bo Akademi Univ -Thermal and Flow Engineering Piispankatu 8, 20500 Turku 1/28 6. Food cooling and freezing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

air affects moisture loss from products, etc. Picture: ?B98 23.11.2014 ?bo Akademi Univ - Thermal - Thermal and Flow Engineering Piispankatu 8, 20500 Turku 3/28 Food products /1 About 15-20% of world and Flow Engineering Piispankatu 8, 20500 Turku 4/28 Food products /2 Food deteriorates fastest at 20 - 60

Zevenhoven, Ron

364

Thoron and decay products, beyond UNSCEAR 2006 Annex E  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......uranium, tin, tantalum, niobium, rare earths, aluminum, some copper and...elevated radioactivity levels in phosphogypsum arising from the production of phosphate...226Ra 0.1-15 000 Residue (rare earth extraction) 228Ra 20-3000......

D. B. Chambers

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Radioactivity in food crops  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Published levels of radioactivity in food crops from 21 countries and 4 island chains of Oceania are listed. The tabulation includes more than 3000 examples of 100 different crops. Data are arranged alphabetically by food crop and geographical origin. The sampling date, nuclide measured, mean radioactivity, range of radioactivities, sample basis, number of samples analyzed, and bibliographic citation are given for each entry, when available. Analyses were reported most frequently for /sup 137/Cs, /sup 40/K, /sup 90/Sr, /sup 226/Ra, /sup 228/Ra, plutonium, uranium, total alpha, and total beta, but a few authors also reported data for /sup 241/Am, /sup 7/Be, /sup 60/Co, /sup 55/Fe, /sup 3/H, /sup 131/I, /sup 54/Mn, /sup 95/Nb, /sup 210/Pb, /sup 210/Po, /sup 106/Ru, /sup 125/Sb, /sup 228/Th, /sup 232/Th, and /sup 95/Zr. Based on the reported data it appears that radioactivity from alpha emitters in food crops is usually low, on the order of 0.1 Bq.g/sup -1/ (wet weight) or less. Reported values of beta radiation in a given crop generally appear to be several orders of magnitude greater than those of alpha emitters. The most striking aspect of the data is the great range of radioactivity reported for a given nuclide in similar food crops with different geographical origins.

Drury, J.S.; Baldauf, M.F.; Daniel, E.W.; Fore, C.S.; Uziel, M.S.

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Food-Borne Trematodiases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...irrigation systems had been built in Egypt and Peru (70). The construction...29). To meet the projected demand and to maintain food security...who were treated with three daily 25-mg/kg doses of praziquantel...only four countries: Ecuador, Egypt, France, and Venezuela (50...

Jennifer Keiser; Jrg Utzinger

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Mr. Mark Jackson Aluminum Company of America  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

_ _ of Energy Washington, DC 20565 Mr. Mark Jackson Aluminum Company of America 100 Technical Drive Alcoa Center, Pennsylvania 15069-0001 Dear Mr. Jackson: At,the request of the U.S. Department of Energy and with the consent of your company, Oak Ridge National Laboratory performed a radiological survey of the former ALCOA Research Labo,ratory at 600 Freeport Road in New Kensington, Pennsylvania. Three copies of the radiological survey report are enclosed for your information and use. An additional radiological survey was also performed at the former ALCOA New Kensington Works at Pine and Ninth Streets in New Kensington. This property was formerly owned and operated by ALCOA and was utilized at one time for uranium processing activities by DOE's predecessor, the Manhattan Engineer

368

THE APPARENT SOLUBILITY OF ALUMINUM(III) IN HANFORD HIGH-LEVEL WASTE TANKS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The solubility of aluminum in Hanford nuclear waste impacts on the process ability of the waste by a number of proposed treatment options. For many years, Hanford staff has anecdotally noted that aluminum appears to be considerably more soluble in Hanford waste than the simpler electrolyte solutions used as analogues. There has been minimal scientific study to confirm these anecdotal observations, however. The present study determines the apparent solubility product for gibbsite in 50 tank samples. The ratio of hydroxide to aluminum in the liquid phase for the samples is calculated and plotted as a function of total sodium molarity. Total sodium molarity is used as a surrogate for ionic strength, because the relative ratios of mono, di and trivalent anions are not available for all of the samples. These results were compared to the simple NaOH-NaAl(OH{sub 4})H{sub 2}O system, and the NaOH-NaAl(OH{sub 4})NaCl-H{sub 2}O system data retrieved from the literature. The results show that gibbsite is apparently more soluble in the samples than in the simple systems whenever the sodium molarity is greater than two. This apparent enhanced solubility cannot be explained solely by differences in ionic strength. The change in solubility with ionic strength in simple systems is small compared to the difference between aluminum solubility in Hanford waste and the simple systems. The reason for the apparent enhanced solubility is unknown, but could include. kinetic or thermodynamic factors that are not present in the simple electrolyte systems. Any kinetic explanation would have to explain why the samples are always supersaturated whenever the sodium molarity is above two. Real waste characterization data should not be used to validate thermodynamic solubility models until it can be confirmed that the apparent enhanced gibbsite solubility is a thermodynamic effect and not a kinetic effect.

REYNOLDS JG

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

369

Food for fuel: The price of ethanol  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conversion of corn to ethanol in the US since 2005 has been a major cause of global food price increases during that time and has been shown to be ineffective in achieving US energy independence and reducing environmental impact. We make three key statements to enhance understanding and communication about ethanol production's impact on the food and fuel markets: (1) The amount of corn used to produce the ethanol in a gallon of regular gas would feed a person for a day, (2) The production of ethanol is so energy intensive that it uses only 20% less fossil fuel than gasoline, and (3) The cost of gas made with ethanol is actually higher per mile because ethanol reduces gasoline's energy per gallon.

Albino, Dominic K; Bar-Yam, Yaneer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

New Process for Grain Refinement of Aluminum. Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new method of grain refining aluminum involving in-situ formation of boride nuclei in molten aluminum just prior to casting has been developed in the subject DOE program over the last thirty months by a team consisting of JDC, Inc., Alcoa Technical Center, GRAS, Inc., Touchstone Labs, and GKS Engineering Services. The Manufacturing process to make boron trichloride for grain refining is much simpler than preparing conventional grain refiners, with attendant environmental, capital, and energy savings. The manufacture of boride grain refining nuclei using the fy-Gem process avoids clusters, salt and oxide inclusions that cause quality problems in aluminum today.

Dr. Joseph A. Megy

2000-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

371

ADVANCED CERAMIC COMPOSITES FOR MOLTEN ALUMINUM CONTACT APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new refractory material which was developed for use in molten aluminum contact applications was shown to exhibit improved corrosion and wear resistance leading to improved thermal management through reduced heat losses caused by refractory thinning and wastage. This material was developed based on an understanding of the corrosion and wear mechanisms associated with currently used aluminum contact refractories under a U.S. Department of Energy funded project to investigate multifunctional refractory materials for energy efficient handling of molten metals. This new material has been validated through an industrial trial at a commercial aluminum rod and cable mill. Material development and results of this industrial validation trial are discussed.

Hemrick, James Gordon [ORNL] [ORNL; Peters, Klaus-Markus [ORNL] [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Photoelectron spectroscopy of boron aluminum hydride cluster anions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Boron aluminum hydride clusters are studied through a synergetic combination of anion photoelectron spectroscopy and density functional theory based calculations. Boron aluminum hydride cluster anions, B{sub x}Al{sub y}H{sub z}{sup ?}, were generated in a pulsed arc cluster ionization source and identified by time-of-flight mass spectrometry. After mass selection, their photoelectron spectra were measured by a magnetic bottle-type electron energy analyzer. The resultant photoelectron spectra as well as calculations on a selected series of stoichiometries reveal significant geometrical changes upon substitution of aluminum atoms by boron atoms.

Wang, Haopeng; Zhang, Xinxing; Ko, Yeon Jae; Gantefoer, Gerd; Bowen, Kit H., E-mail: kbowen@jhu.edu, E-mail: kiran@mcneese.edu [Department of Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States); Li, Xiang [Center for Space Science and Technology, University of MarylandBaltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland 21250 (United States)] [Center for Space Science and Technology, University of MarylandBaltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland 21250 (United States); Kiran, Boggavarapu, E-mail: kbowen@jhu.edu, E-mail: kiran@mcneese.edu [Department of Chemistry and Physics, McNeese State University, Lake Charles, Louisiana 70609 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry and Physics, McNeese State University, Lake Charles, Louisiana 70609 (United States); Kandalam, Anil K. [Department of Physics, West Chester University, West Chester, Pennsylvania 19383 (United States)] [Department of Physics, West Chester University, West Chester, Pennsylvania 19383 (United States)

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

373

GENETIC TRANSFORMATION AND HYBRIDIZATION Bacterial citrate synthase expression and soil aluminum tolerance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GENETIC TRANSFORMATION AND HYBRIDIZATION Bacterial citrate synthase expression and soil aluminum that were more aluminum-tolerant than the non-transgenic control, confirming that citrate synthase overexpression can be a useful tool to help achieve aluminum tolerance. Keywords Acid soils Á Aluminum toxicity Á

Parrott, Wayne

374

ALUMINUM-BRIDGED BISGLYOXIMATO COBALT COMPLEXES: SYNTHESIS AND ELECTROCHEMICAL PROTON REDUCTION PROPERTIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

194 CHAPTER 6 ALUMINUM-BRIDGED BISGLYOXIMATO COBALT COMPLEXES: SYNTHESIS AND ELECTROCHEMICAL PROTON diglyoximato complexes connected by one or two aluminum bridges are described. The aluminum centers that the number of aluminum bridges and the nature of the substituents on the phenoxide ligands significantly

Winfree, Erik

375

Food consumption trends and drivers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...original work is properly cited. Food consumption trends and drivers John Kearney...Government policy. A picture of food consumption (availability) trends and projections...largely responsible for these observed consumption trends are the subject of this review...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Pumpkin Power: Turning Food Waste into Energy | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Pumpkin Power: Turning Food Waste into Energy Pumpkin Power: Turning Food Waste into Energy Pumpkin Power: Turning Food Waste into Energy November 1, 2013 - 1:28pm Addthis Pumpkin Power: Turning Food Waste into Energy Matthew Loveless Matthew Loveless Data Integration Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? 1.4 billion pounds of pumpkins are produced in the U.S. each year, many of which end up in landfills or compost piles after Halloween. Oakland's EBMUD collects food waste and uses microbes to convert it into methane gas that is burned to generate electricity. The Energy Department is helping to fund the development of integrated biorefineries, industrial centers dedicated to converting plant material into biofuels and other products. To commemorate National Energy Action Month, we're featuring some scarily

377

The NASA Food Commercial Space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The NASA Food Technology Commercial Space Center and How Your Company Can Participate space in a range of food development projects. For more information about NASA FTCSC or to arrange a presentation about the NASA FTCSC program, contact Dr. Anthony L. Pometto III Director NASA Food Technology

Lin, Zhiqun

378

FOOD FISH FACTS (Osmerus mordax)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

89 FOOD FISH FACTS Smelt (Osmerus mordax) Smelt have been a popular food fish on the North American in baskets . Among early Pacific slope Indians, fish were extremely important as food and used as one. Uses of Smelt Smelt have delicate , sweet flavor an d con - tain a pleasant oil that aids digestion. l

379

Safe Food in a Hurry.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

] Safe Food in a Hurry Mary K. Sweeten* Foodborne illness can lead to time away from the job for the employed homemaker besides causing family misery. You have to work to prevent food poisoning as you buy, store, cook and serve food. When you must...

Sweeten, Mary K.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Food Safety Policy December 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Food Safety Policy December 2011 #12;www.surrey.ac.uk2 Food Safety Policy Some Useful Telephone) Security Extension Number: 2002 or from external phones: (01483) 682002 Health and Safety Department the line to be put through to an operator. www.surrey.ac.uk 3 Food Safety Policy Contents Page 1

Doran, Simon J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food products aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Accurate Air Engineering, Inc. and Kraft Foods Teaming Profile | ENERGY  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Accurate Air Engineering, Inc. and Kraft Foods Teaming Profile Accurate Air Engineering, Inc. and Kraft Foods Teaming Profile Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources

382

Mapping the Global Journey of Anthropogenic Aluminum: A Trade-Linked Multilevel Material Flow Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The countries are ordered by the per capita GDP in 2008 (measured based on purchasing power parity, i.e., GDP PPP, in 1990 international dollars(36)). ... Process efficiency improvement and recycling can contribute to reducing emissions per material output; however, long-term material demand and scrap availability for recycling depend fundamentally on the dynamics of societies' stocks of products in use, an issue that has been largely neglected in climate science. ... The contemporary global aluminum stock in use (0.6 Gt or 90 kg/capita) has reached about 10% of that in known bauxite reserves and represents an embodied energy amt. ...

Gang Liu; Daniel B. Mller

2013-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

383

Ames Lab 101: BAM (Boron-Aluminum-Magnesium)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Materials scientist, Bruce Cook, discusses the super hard, low friction, and lubricious alloy know as BAM (Boron-Aluminum-Magnesium). BAM was discovered by Bruce Cook and his team a

Bruce Cook

2013-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

384

ITP Aluminum: Technical Working Group on Inert Anode Technologies  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

of aluminum and its use. De Vries. Hans. (Aluminal Obeflaechentechnik G.m.b.H., Germany), Ger.. 4 pp. CODEN: GW. DE 19716495" C 1 980520. Patent written in German....

385

A technology roadmap for the U.S. aluminum industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By partnering with the OIT, the aluminum industry has taken an important step in planning the technology needs of their industry for the next ... in defining its long-term goals and the technology requirements to...

H. S. Kenchington; J. L. Eisenhauer; J. A. S. Green

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Laser ablation analysis of novel perfluoroalkyl-coated aluminum nanocomposites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The evolution and decay of aluminum and aluminum monoxide emission signatures following a laser ablation event were used to compare the relative reaction rates of three aluminum based materials. Time-resolved emission results of oxide-free, C{sub 13}F{sub 27}CO{sub 2}H-passivated materials were compared with uncoated, oxide passivated aluminum nanoparticles and those coated with the same acid used in for passivation C{sub 13}F{sub 27}CO{sub 2}H. Excited state Al and AlO emission is reduced in time for the oxide free material when compared to coated, 50 nm, oxide passivated particles mixed on an equal active Al: C{sub 13}F{sub 27}CO{sub 2}H ratio. This is interpreted as an increase in the reaction rate afforded by the elimination of the oxide coating and proximity of oxidizing species in the SAM-based nanocomposite.

Jouet, R. Jason; Carney, Joel R.; Lightstone, James M.; Warren, Andrea D. [Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation, IHDIV, Naval Surface Warfare Center 4104 Evans Way, Suite 102 Indian Head MD 20640-5102 (United States)

2007-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

387

Indirect-Fired Kiln Conserves Scrap Aluminum and Cuts Costs ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

project conducted at this plant by Energy Research Company (ERCo), of Staten Island, New York, involves a new energy-efficient kiln that heats scrap aluminum for reuse. This...

388

New, More Efficient Technology for Remelting Aluminum Chips  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This project will introduce a new, more efficient technology for remelting the considerable volume of aluminum by 6.5% . Automated conveyors will transport chips from the machining operation to the new remelting operation for recycling. A reduction...

Hosek, D.

389

Acoustical effect of progressive undercutting of percussive aluminum bars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Standard vibraphone bars consist of aluminum beams which are traditionally tuned with an arched undercut for the purpose of aligning the musical overtones harmonically. The acoustical effect of various progressions of undercuts on aluminum bars was studied using both an aluminum bar and a finite element computer model. The spectral signature of the aluminum bar was examined with a spectrum analyzer and the corresponding eigenmodes were imaged with an electronic speckle pattern interferometer. These methods were used to analyze the changes in natural frequencies of the bar as matter was removed from various locations. Additionally the aural character of each cut was captured with an audio recording and the fundamental tone was normalized over all recordings to make possible a subjective comparison of the timbral differences of differently cut bars.

Eric M. Laukkanen; Randy Worland

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Ames Lab 101: BAM (Boron-Aluminum-Magnesium)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Materials scientist, Bruce Cook, discusses the super hard, low friction, and lubricious alloy know as BAM (Boron-Aluminum-Magnesium). BAM was discovered by Bruce Cook and his team a

Bruce Cook

2012-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

391

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Aluminum: Work Plans  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Work Plans The Aluminum Association has finalized its work plan with the collaboration of EPA. The plan describes actions the industry intends to take to achieve its Climate VISION...

392

Laser ignition of a heterogeneous nickel-aluminum system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ignition of a heterogeneous nickelaluminum system by laser radiation is investigated experimentally. The ignition characteristics are investigated as a function of ... the samples. It is established that the...

Yu. S. Naiborodenko; V. M. Filatov

393

Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Managed by UT-Battelle for the Department of Energy Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates H. -T. Lin, A. A. Wereszczak, and S. Waters Oak Ridge National Laboratory This...

394

Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates H. -T. Lin, A. A. Wereszczak, M. L. Santella, and G. Muralidharan Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) This presentation does not...

395

Experimental and Numerical Studies of Aluminum-Alumina Composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The preliminary goal of this study is to determine the effects of processing conditions, compositions and microstructural morphologies of the constituents on the physical and thermo-mechanical properties of alumina (Al_2O_3) reinforced aluminum (Al...

Gudlur, Pradeep

2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

396

Structure, Thermodynamics, and Energy Content of AluminumCyclopentadienyl Clusters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(11, 14) Currently very little is known about the stability or decomposition of the larger aluminumcyclopentadienyl compounds that contain a significant mass fraction of aluminum. ... To analyze the relative bonding strength and possible unimolecular decomposition pathways in the systems, we next consider the bond dissociation energies (BDEs), defined as the reaction energy De for homolytic cleavage of the listed bond. ... We next consider the thermochemistry of these compounds, with particular focus on their energy content for propellant and energetic material applications. ...

Kristen S. Williams; Joseph P. Hooper

2011-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

397

Production of ethanol from cellulose (sawdust).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The production of ethanol from food such as corn, cassava etc. is the most predominate way of producing ethanol. This has led to a shortage (more)

Otulugbu, Kingsley

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Covered Product Category: Commercial Griddles | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

commercial kitchen equipment. In the Federal sector, these products are typically used in food service operations like cafeterias in GSA buildings, kitchens in penitentiaries, and...

399

Uranium deposition study on aluminum: results of early tests  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laboratory experiments to quantify uranium compound deposition on Aluminum 3003 test coupons have been initiated. These experiments consist of exposing the coupons to normal assay UF/sub 6/ (0.7% /sup 235/U) in nickel reaction vessels under various conditions of UF/sub 6/ pressure, temperature, and time. To-date, runs from 5 minutes to 2000 hr have been completed at a UF/sub 6/ pressure of 100 torr and at a temperature of 60/sup 0/C. Longer exposure times are in progress. Initial results indicated that a surface film of uranium, primarily as uranyl fluoride (UO/sub 2/F/sub 2/), is deposited very soon after exposure to UF/sub 6/. In a five minute UF/sub 6/ exposure at a temperature of 60/sup 0/C, an average of 2.9 ..mu..g U/cm/sup 2/ was deposited; after 24 hr the deposit typically increased to 5.0 ..mu..g/cm/sup 2/ and then increased to 10.4 ..mu..g/cm/sup 2/ after 2000 hr. This amount of deposit (at 2000 hr exposure) would contribute roughly 10 to 20% to the total 186 keV gamma signal obtained from a GCEP product header pipe being operated at UF/sub 6/ pressures of 2 to 5 torr. The amount of isotopic exchange which would occur in the deposit in the event that HEU and LEU productions were alternated is considered. It is felt that isotopic exchange would not occur to any significant amount within the fixed deposit during relatively short HEU production periods since the HEU would be present primarily as adsorbed UF/sub 6/ molecules on the surface of the deposit. The adsorbed HEU molecules would be removed by evacuation and diluted by LEU production. Major increases in the deposit count would be observed if a leak occurred or moisture was introduced into the system while HEU was being produced.

Hughes, M.R.; Nolan, T.A.

1984-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

400

Development of Cost-Effective Low-Permeability Ceramic and Refractory Components for Aluminum Melting and Casting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A recent review by the U.S. Advanced Ceramics Association, the Aluminum Association, and the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Industrial Technologies (DOE/OIT) described the status of advanced ceramics for aluminum processing, including monolithics, composites, and coatings. The report observed that monolithic ceramics (particularly oxides) have attractive properties such as resistance to heat, corrosion, thermal shock, abrasion, and erosion [1]. However, even after the developments of the past 25 years, there are two key barriers to commercialization: reliability and cost-effectiveness. Industry research is therefore focused on eliminating these barriers. Ceramic coatings have likewise undergone significant development and a variety of processes have been demonstrated for applying coatings to substrates. Some processes, such as thermal barrier coatings for gas turbine engines, exhibit sufficient reliability and service life for routine commercial use. Worldwide, aluminum melting and molten metal handling consumes about 506,000 tons of refractory materials annually. Refractory compositions for handling molten aluminum are generally based on dense fused cast silica or mullite. The microstructural texture is extremely important because an interlocking mass of coarser grains must be bonded together by smaller grains in order to achieve adequate strength. At the same time, well-distributed microscopic pores and cracks are needed to deflect cracks and prevent spalling and thermal shock damage [2]. The focus of this project was to develop and validate new classes of cost-effective, low-permeability ceramic and refractory components for handling molten aluminum in both smelting and casting environments. The primary goal was to develop improved coatings and functionally graded materials that will possess superior combinations of properties, including resistance to thermal shock, erosion, corrosion, and wetting. When these materials are successfully deployed in aluminum smelting and casting operations, their superior performance and durability will give end users marked improvements in uptime, defect reduction, scrap/rework costs, and overall energy savings resulting from higher productivity and yield. The implementation of results of this program will result in energy savings of 30 trillion Btu/year by 2020. For this Industrial Materials for the Future (IMF) project, riser tube used in the low-pressure die (LPD) casting of aluminum was selected as the refractory component for improvement. In this LPD process, a pressurized system is used to transport aluminum metal through refractory tubes (riser tubes) into wheel molds. It is important for the tubes to remain airtight because otherwise, the pressurized system will fail. Generally, defects such as porosity in the tube or cracks generated by reaction of the tube material with molten aluminum lead to tube failure, making the tube incapable of maintaining the pressure difference required for normal casting operation. Therefore, the primary objective of the project was to develop a riser tube that is not only resistant to thermal shock, erosion, corrosion, and wetting, but is also less permeable, so as to achieve longer service life. Currently, the dense-fused silica (DFS) riser tube supplied by Pyrotek lasts for only 7 days before undergoing failure. The following approach was employed to achieve the goal: (1) Develop materials and methods for sealing surface porosity in thermal-shock-resistant ceramic refractories; (2) Develop new ceramic coatings for extreme service in molten aluminum operations, with particular emphasis on coatings based on highly stable oxide phases; (3) Develop new monolithic refractories designed for lower-permeability applications using controlled porosity gradients and particle size distributions; (4) Optimize refractory formulations to minimize wetting by molten aluminum, and characterize erosion, corrosion, and spallation rates under realistic service conditions; and (5) Scale up the processing methods to full-sized components and perform field testi

Kadolkar, Puja [ORNL; Ott, Ronald D [ORNL

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food products aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Textures in Strip-Cast Aluminum Alloys: Their On-Line Monitoring and Quantitative Effects on Formability. Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aluminum sheets produced by continuous casting (CC) provide energy and economic savings of at least 25 and 14 percent, respectively, over sheets made from conventional direct chill (DC) ingot casting and rolling. As a result of the much simpler production route in continuous casting, however, the formability of CC aluminum alloys is often somewhat inferior to that of their DC counterparts. The mechanical properties of CC alloys can be improved by controlling their microstructure through optimal thermomechanical processing. Suitable annealing is an important means to improve the formability of CC aluminum alloy sheets. Recrystallization of deformed grains occurs during annealing, and it changes the crystallographic texture of the aluminum sheet. Laboratory tests in this project showed that this texture change can be detected by either laser-ultrasound resonance spectroscopy or resonance EMAT (electromagnetic acoustic transducer) spectroscopy, and that monitoring this change allows the degree of recrystallization or the ''recrystallized fraction'' in an annealed sheet to be ascertained. Through a plant trial conducted in May 2002, this project further demonstrated that it is feasible to monitor the recrystallized state of a continuous-cast aluminum sheet in-situ on the production line by using a laser-ultrasound sensor. When used in conjunction with inline annealing, inline monitoring of the recrystallized fraction by laser-ultrasound resonance spectroscopy offers the possibility of feed-back control that helps optimize processing parameters (e.g., annealing temperature), detect production anomalies, ensure product quality, and further reduce production costs of continuous-cast aluminum alloys. Crystallographic texture strongly affects the mechanical anisotropy/formability of metallic sheets. Clarification of the quantitative relationship between texture and anisotropy/formability of an aluminum alloy will render monitoring and control of its texture during the sheet production process even more meaningful. The present project included a study to determine how the anisotropic plastic behavior of a continuous-cast AA 5754 aluminum alloy depends on quantifiable texture coefficients. Formulae which show explicitly the effects of texture on the directional dependence of the q-value (a formability parameter) and of the uniaxial flow stress, respectively, were derived. Measurements made on a batch of as-received AA 5754 hot band and its O-temper counterpart corroborate the validity of these formulae. On the other hand, these measurements also indicate that some microstructure(s) other than texture could play a significant role in the plastic anisotropy of the AA 5754 alloy. For the q-value of a set of O-temper samples of this alloy, the additional microstructure that affects plastic anisotropy was shown to be grain shape. A formula that captures both the effects of crystallographic texture and grain shape on the q-value of the O-temper material was derived. A simple quadratic plastic potential that delivers this q-value formula was written down. Verification of the adequacy of this plastic potential, however, requires further investigations.

Man, Chi-Sing

2003-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

402

Determination of boron in aluminum and aluminum-magnesium alloy by charged particle activation analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Charge particle activation analysis is applied to the determination of boron in aluminum and aluminum-magnesium alloy. The /sup 10/B(p,..cap alpha..)/sup 7/Be, the /sup 10/B(d,..cap alpha..n)/sup 7/Be, and the /sup 10/B(d,n)/sup 11/C reactions are used. Proton activation allows an instrumental determination. When the /sup 10/B(d,..cap alpha..n)/sup 7/Be reaction is used, beryllium-7 is separated from the matrix by liquid-liquid extraction; beryllium acetylacetonate is extracted with carbon tetrachloride after complexation of other metal ions with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. After back extraction beryllium is precipitated as beryllium hydroxide and heated to beryllium oxide. When the /sup 10/B(d,n)/sup 11/C reaction is used, carbon-11 is separated as carbon dioxide by dissolution of the sample in a mixture of sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, water, and potassium dichromate. The chemical yield of both separation methods was determined. The results obtained have a relative standard deviation of 5-9% at the 1-33 ..mu..g/g concentration. The different nuclear reactions yield results that are in good mutual agreement and also agree satisfactorily with those of nonnuclear analytical methods.

Mortier, R.; Vandecasteele, C.; Strijckmans, K.; Hoste, J.

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Corrosion of aluminum alloys in a reactor disassembly basin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document discusses storage of aluminum clad fuel and target tubes of the Mark 22 assembly takes place in the concrete-lined, light-water-filled, disassembly basins located within each reactor area at the Savannah River Site (SRS). A corrosion test program has been conducted in the K-Reactor disassembly basin to assess the storage performance of the assemblies and other aluminum clad components in the current basin environment. Aluminum clad alloys cut from the ends of actual fuel and target tubes were originally placed in the disassembly water basin in December 1991. After time intervals varying from 45--182 days, the components were removed from the basin, photographed, and evaluated metallographically for corrosion performance. Results indicated that pitting of the 8001 aluminum fuel clad alloy exceeded the 30-mil (0.076 cm) cladding thickness within the 45-day exposure period. Pitting of the 1100 aluminum target clad alloy exceeded the 30-mil (0.076 cm) clad thickness in 107--182 days exposure. The existing basin water chemistry is within limits established during early site operations. Impurities such as Cl{sup {minus}}, NO{sub 3}{sup {minus}} and SO{sub 4}{sup {minus}} are controlled to the parts per million level and basin water conductivity is currently 170--190 {mu}mho/cm. The test program has demonstrated that the basin water is aggressive to the aluminum components at these levels. Other storage basins at SRS and around the US have successfully stored aluminum components for greater than ten years without pitting corrosion. These basins have impurity levels controlled to the parts per billion level (1000X lower) and conductivity less than 1.0 {mu}mho/cm.

Howell, J.P.; Zapp, P.E.; Nelson, D.Z.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

An economic and technical assessment of black-dross and salt-cake-recycling systems for application in the secondary aluminum industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The secondary aluminum industry annually disposes of large amounts of dross residues and salt cake, which are by-products from the processing of scrap aluminum for reuse. These wastes contain as much as 50% salts and are presently disposed of in conventional landfills. As the costs of landfill space increase and the availability of landfill space decreases, disposal of the residues will increasingly compromise the economics of recycling aluminum. Alternative processes exist by which the major constituents of the various drosses and salt cakes can be recovered for recycling. In this study, we review available recycling technologies and processes relevant to the recycling of black dross and salt cake and discuss new concepts that have the potential to improve the cost-effectiveness of recycling technologies.

Karvelas, D.; Daniels, E.; Jody, B.; Bonsignore, P.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Commercial Kitchen & Food Service Equipment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Residential Commercial Commercial Industrial Lighting Energy Smart Grocer Program HVAC Program Shell Measures Commercial Kitchen & Food Service Equipment Plug Load New...

406

Action Plan Food Science and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Agroquímica y Tecnolo- gía de Alimentos (Institute of Agrochemicals and Food Technology) in Valencia. During

Fitze, Patrick

407

Hermetic aluminum radio frequency interconnection and method for making  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a light-weight, hermetic coaxial radio-frequency (RF) interconnection having an electrically conductive outer housing made of aluminum or an aluminum alloy, a central electrical conductor made of ferrous or non-ferrous material, and a cylinder of dielectric material comprising a low-melting-temperature, high-thermal-expansion aluminophosphate glass composition for hermetically sealing between the aluminum-alloy outer housing and the ferrous or non-ferrous center conductor. The entire RF interconnection assembly is made permanently hermetic by thermally fusing the center conductor, glass, and housing concurrently by bringing the glass to the melt point by way of exposure to an atmospheric temperature sufficient to melt the glass, less than 540.degree. C., but that does not melt the center conductor or the outer aluminum or aluminum alloy housing. The composition of the glass used is controlled to provide a suitable low dielectric constant so that an appropriate electrical characteristic impedance, for example 50 ohms, can be achieved for an electrical interconnection that performs well at high radio frequencies and also provides an interconnection maintaining a relatively small physical size.

Kilgo, Riley D. (Albuquerque, NM); Kovacic, Larry (Albuquerque, NM); Brow, Richard K. (Rolla, MO)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Effects of Nanoscale Structure on the Magnetism and Transport Properties of Chromium and Chromium-Aluminum Alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J. L. Murray. The Al-Cr (aluminum-chromium) system. Joural3d transition elements and aluminum. Journal of Physics andof Chromium and Chromium-Aluminum Alloys by Zoe Austin

Boekelheide, Zoe Austin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Food, Nutrition and Health 300 Food Process Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conduction, convection, radiation and latent heat. 3. Technology of thermal processing of foods. 4. Evaluation of thermal properties of food and packaging materials. 4. Calculation of sterilization, pasteurization and low temperature preservation. . Prerequisite PHYS 101 or 121. [3-0-1]. The overall objectives

Farrell, Anthony P.

410

Food and Feed Safety and Quality "Food&Feed"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on human health · Feed preservation and impact on the hygienic quality, both microbial and chemical of chemicals, especially endocrine disruptors · Veterinary drugs in food producing animals, residues in foodD work, by offering · a scientific platform ­ training in scientific presentations and discussions

411

Extrusion of Aluminum Tubes with Axially Graded Wall Thickness and Mechanical Characterization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this study the indirect extrusion of seamless aluminum tubes with variable wall thickness was investigated. Therefore, an axially moveable stepped mandrel was applied. Investigations revealed that wall thickness transitions can either be graded over the tube length or very sharp. The microstructures in thin-walled and thick-walled tube sections were investigated. The local variation of the extrusion ratio and with that the tube wall thickness, product velocity and product temperature during the process lead to significantly different local microstructures at TB=400C. At TB=500C the microstructure was homogeneously recrystallized with similar grain size in all different tube sections. Furthermore, the mechanical tube properties were characterized by three point bending tests.

M. Negendank; S. Mller; W. Reimers

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

CONCEPTUALIZING HYBRID FOOD NETWORKS: ENGAGING CONVENTIONAL FOOD SYSTEM INFRASTRUCTURE TO BUILD LOCAL FOOD SYSTEMS.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Many alternative food movements have been built around the mantra of cutting out the middleman. Direct relationships between producers and consumers counter the faceless anonymity (more)

Bloom, J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Kaiser Aluminum Corp - IL 19  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Kaiser Aluminum Corp - IL 19 Kaiser Aluminum Corp - IL 19 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: KAISER ALUMINUM CORP. (IL.19 ) Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Dolton , Illinois IL.19-2 Evaluation Year: 1987 IL.19-2 Site Operations: Performed limited duration work extruding uranium billets into three CP-5 fuel elements, circa 1959. IL.19-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote due to limited scope of activities IL.19-3 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium IL.19-2 Radiological Survey(s): Yes - health and safety monitoring during operations IL.19-4 Site Status: Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP

414

Exergy transfer analysis of an aluminum holding furnace  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study presents the unsteady exergy transfer analysis of an aluminum holding furnace with new heating resistance scheme. This holding system consists of four multilayer refractory walls and one resistance heating system which is responsible of maintaining the appropriate aluminum temperature and composition for further casting. The purpose of this analysis is to understand and identify heat losses and irreversibilities of the holding process of an aluminum furnace by means of the First and Second Law of Thermodynamics. In this study, bi-dimensional temperature and exergy fields during heat and exergy transfer processes are presented. The exergy balance is completely computed for this system, obtaining: exergy transfer, exergy variation rate, and destroyed exergy rate.

Luis Acevedo; Sergio Usn; Javier Uche

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

COMPILATION OF LABORATORY SCALE ALUMINUM WASH AND LEACH REPORT RESULTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report compiles and analyzes all known wash and caustic leach laboratory studies. As further data is produced, this report will be updated. Included are aluminum mineralogical analysis results as well as a summation of the wash and leach procedures and results. Of the 177 underground storage tanks at Hanford, information was only available for five individual double-shell tanks, forty-one individual single-shell tanks (e.g. thirty-nine 100 series and two 200 series tanks), and twelve grouped tank wastes. Seven of the individual single-shell tank studies provided data for the percent of aluminum removal as a function of time for various caustic concentrations and leaching temperatures. It was determined that in most cases increased leaching temperature, caustic concentration, and leaching time leads to increased dissolution of leachable aluminum solids.

HARRINGTON SJ

2011-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

416

Reactive self-heating model of aluminum spherical nanoparticles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aluminum-oxygen reaction is important in many highly energetic, high pressure generating systems. Recent experiments with nanostructured thermites suggest that oxidation of aluminum nanoparticles occurs in a few microseconds. Such rapid reaction cannot be explained by a conventional diffusion-based mechanism. We present a rapid oxidation model of a spherical aluminum nanoparticle, using Cabrera-Mott moving boundary mechanism, and taking self-heating into account. In our model, electric potential solves the nonlinear Poisson equation. In contrast with the Coulomb potential, a "double-layer" type solution for the potential and self-heating leads to enhanced oxidation rates. At maximal reaction temperature of 2000 C, our model predicts overall oxidation time scale in microseconds range, in agreement with experimental evidence.

Karen S. Martirosyan; Maxim Zyskin

2012-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

417

MICROSTRUCTURE EVOLUTION MODELING FOR SOLUTION TREATMENT OF ALUMINUM ALLOYS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The microstructure evolution during solution treatment plays an important role in mechanical properties of heat-treated aluminum alloys. In this paper, models were reviewed that can predict the microstructure evolution during the solutionizing process of the aging heat treatment of aluminum alloys. The dissolution of Mg2Si particles has been modeled as a diffusion process of Mg in the -Al matrix. The evolution of volumetric fraction of fragmented silicon as a function of time and temperature was also considered. The growth and coarsening of silicon particles during the heat treatment was considered. It was found that constitutive equations and required property data for most of the phenomena that need to be considered are available. Several model parameters that need to be obtained from material characterization were identified. Pending the availability of these model parameters, this comprehensive model can be used to describe the microstructure evolution of aluminum alloys in order to optimize the solutionizing heat treatment for energy savings.

Yin, Hebi [ORNL; Sabau, Adrian S [ORNL; Skszek, Timothy [Vehma International of American, Inc.; Niu, X [Magna Cosma International, Promatek Research Centre

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Essays on Product Recalls, New Product Preannouncements, and Shareholder Value  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.......................................................................... 1 CHAPTER II DETERMINANTS OF THE LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF PRODUCT RECALLS ON SHAREHOLDER VALUE: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF THE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY ................................................ 4 Introduction... ............................................................................... 101 1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Companies increasingly face crises involving harm created by their products, ranging from defective automobile recalls, lead paint in toys, faulty medical devices, and contaminated food products, which often...

Yun, Wonjoo

2014-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

419

Agricultural R&D, technology and productivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...domestic product (GDP) rose from 56 per cent in 1980 to 65...population growth and per capita food availability would...agriculture is to meet world demand for both food and energy. This competition...former Soviet Union GDP gross domestic product...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Fresh Food Online Supermarket Development Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The preservation of fresh food is difficult, so the problems of food safety and the waste of it are very serious. The development of Fresh food online supermarkets will contribute to solve the problem. On the basis of describing the concept, scope and ... Keywords: Cold Chain Logistics, Food Safety, Fresh Food, Internet, Online Supermarket, SWOT

Xie Xiang, Liu Jiashi, Guan Zhongliang, Ke Xinsheng

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food products aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Food Newsletter Summary November 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Food Newsletter Summary November 2013 Scottish Government Scotch Beef back on the US menu Seal Bennett. LiveWell for Life Paving the way for sustainable consumption Between July and October of food consumption be in 2050? ­ a discussion paper about what we eat in the future In September 2013

Siddharthan, Advaith

422

Evaluation of Corrosion of Aluminum Based Reactor Fuel Cladding Materials During Dry Storage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides an evaluation of the corrosion behavior of aluminum cladding alloys and aluminum-uranium alloys at conditions relevant to dry storage. The details of the corrosion program are described and the results to date are discussed.

Peacock, H.B. Jr.

1999-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

423

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum phosphide pc Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HCP CCP PO phosphorus monoxide molecular oxygen Aluminum oxide H2 H2 O H2 S CSi carbon... isocyanide HCl NaCl NaCN N2 O KCl AlCl aluminum monochloride NH2 amidyl radical*...

424

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum-lithium alloys processed Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

aluminum-lithium alloys, there is a precipitation of metastable, coherent, L1... and fracture toughness of aluminum-lithium alloys can be improved by the addition of zirconium...

425

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum oxide selectively Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

between GaN and AlGaN has been observed up to an aluminum mole fraction... oxides.1-3 For gallium nitride and aluminum gallium nitride this effect has been seldom reported.4... ,...

426

Solid-State NMR Spectroscopic Study of Phosphate Sorption Mechanisms on Aluminum (Hydr)oxides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solid-State NMR Spectroscopic Study of Phosphate Sorption Mechanisms on Aluminum (Hydr)oxides Wei the mechanism of phosphate sorption on aluminum hydroxides under different environ- mental conditions, including

Sparks, Donald L.

427

Impact of recent energy legislation on the aluminum industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report examines the aluminum industry's technology in energy use and emissions control. Data on consumption and pollution levels are presented. A history of the aluminum industry in the Pacific Northwest, its role in providing power reserves, and how that role fits into the present power situation are given. The Northwest Power Act, the rates the industry will probably pay as a result of the Act, the implications of those rates to the industry, as well as the availability of federal power to the industry are discussed. Finally, the Act's effects on the relative competitiveness of the industry in both domestic and world markets are examined.

Edelson, E.; Emery, J.G.; Hopp, W.J.; Kretz, A.L.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Are the World Food Programmes food consumption groups a good proxy for energy deficiency?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Food Consumption Score (FCS) is the World Food Programmes main food access indicator, ... as having poor, borderline or acceptable food consumption. The ability of the FCS and its thresholds to classify hous...

Margarita Lovon; Astrid Mathiassen

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Energy-Efficient Melting and Direct Delivery of High Quality Molten Aluminum  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Fact Sheet About Complete Scrap-to-Caster System Will Save Energy and Reduce Costs in the Aluminum Industry

430

Metal binding in an aluminum based metal-organic framework for...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Metal binding in an aluminum based metal-organic framework for carbon dioxide capture Link to article...

431

Waste disposal and treatment in the food-processing industry. (Latest citations from the Biobusiness data base). Published Search  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bibliography contains citations concerning waste treatment and disposal in the food processing industry. Methods, equipment, and technology are considered. Specific areas include waste heat recovery, and food industry wastes from meat and seafood processing, dairy and beverage production, and processing of fruits and vegetables. The citations explore conversion of the treated waste to fertilizer, and uses in animal feeds, combustion for energy production, biogas production, and composting. The recovery and recycling of usable chemicals from the food waste is also covered. Food packaging recycling is considered in a related bibliography. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

A Q methodology study of stakeholders views about accountability for promoting healthy food environments in England through the Responsibility Deal Food Network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In March 2011, the United Kingdoms (UKs) Government launched five Public Health Responsibility Deal Networks to address public health priorities. The Networks used voluntary partnerships to influence peoples choice architecture to move them toward healthier behaviors. The purpose of this research was to conduct an exploratory study of diverse stakeholders perspectives about perceived responsibility and accountability expectations to improve food environments in England through the Food Network partnerships. A purposive sample of policy elites (n=31) from government, academia, food industry and non-government organizations sorted 48 statements related to improving food environments in England. Statements were grounded in three theoretical perspectives (i.e., legitimacy, nudge and public health law). \\{PQMethod\\} 2.33 statistical software program used factor analysis to identify viewpoints based on intra-individual differences for how participants sorted statements. The results revealed three distinct viewpoints, which explained 64% of the variance for 31 participants, and emphasized different expectations about responsibility. The food environment protectors (n=17) underscored government responsibility to address unhealthy food environments if voluntary partnerships are ineffective; the partnership pioneers (n=12) recognized governmentindustry partnerships as legitimate and necessary to address unhealthy food environments; and the commercial market defenders (n=1) emphasized individual responsibility for food choices and rejected government intervention to improve food environments. Consensus issues included: protecting childrens right to health; food industry practices that can and should be changed; government working with industry on product reformulation; and building consumer support for economically viable healthy products. Contentious issues were: inadequacy of accountability structures and government inaction to regulate food marketing practices targeting children. We conclude that understanding different viewpoints is a step toward building mutual trust to strengthen accountability structures that may help stakeholders navigate ideologically contentious issues to promote healthy food environments in England.

Vivica I. Kraak; Boyd Swinburn; Mark Lawrence; Paul Harrison

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Mercury-free dissolution of aluminum-clad fuel in nitric acid  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mercury-free dissolution process for aluminum involves placing the aluminum in a dissolver vessel in contact with nitric acid-fluoboric acid mixture at an elevated temperature. By maintaining a continuous flow of the acid mixture through the dissolver vessel, an effluent containing aluminum nitrate, nitric acid, fluoboric acid and other dissolved components are removed.

Christian, Jerry D. (Idaho Falls, ID); Anderson, Philip A. (Pocatello, ID)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

ENS'05 Paris, France, 14-16 December 2005 CONTROL POROUS PATTERN OF ANODIC ALUMINUM OXIDE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENS'05 Paris, France, 14-16 December 2005 CONTROL POROUS PATTERN OF ANODIC ALUMINUM OXIDE BY FOILS simpler, and low cost method to fabricate porous pattern of the anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) based applications such as sensors, optical devices, catalysts, and microfabricated fluidic devices. Anodic aluminum

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

435

Joining of highly aluminum-doped lanthanum strontium manganese oxide with tetragonal zirconia by plastic deformation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joining of highly aluminum-doped lanthanum strontium manganese oxide with tetragonal zirconia February 2008; accepted 24 March 2008 Abstract Aluminum-doped lanthanum strontium manganese oxide, La0.77Sr at the interface. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Lanthanum strontium aluminum manganese oxide

Dutta, Prabir K.

436

Thermochemistry of Aluminum Species for Combustion Modeling from Ab Initio Molecular Orbital Calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermochemistry of Aluminum Species for Combustion Modeling from Ab Initio Molecular Orbital initio methods for computational thermochemistry have been applied to aluminum compounds expected to be present during combustion of aluminum particles. The computed enthalpies of formation at 298.15 K agree

Swihart, Mark T.

437

Modeling the Effect of Finite-Rate Hydrogen Diffusion on Porosity Formation in Aluminum Alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling the Effect of Finite-Rate Hydrogen Diffusion on Porosity Formation in Aluminum Alloys KENT of hydrogen in the melt is developed to predict pore formation during the solidification of aluminum alloys by Lee et al.[3] Recent examples of porosity models for aluminum alloy castings, including the effect

Beckermann, Christoph

438

Phosphate and Organic Acids as Competing Sorbates on Amorphous Aluminum Oxide. (3791)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phosphate and Organic Acids as Competing Sorbates on Amorphous Aluminum Oxide. (3791) Authors: K sorption of P to amorphous aluminum oxides. Alum initially decreases litter pH, so the stability of P was employed to investigate the adsorption of phosphate and oxalate, to synthetic amorphous aluminum hydroxide

Sparks, Donald L.

439

Gallium/aluminum nanocomposite material for nonlinear optics and nonlinear plasmonics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gallium/aluminum nanocomposite material for nonlinear optics and nonlinear plasmonics A. V penetration of gallium into an aluminum film. These composite films form mirrorlike interfaces with silica optics and active plasmonics. The material is a polycrystalline aluminum film on a silica sub- strate

Zheludev, Nikolay

440

Comparison of constitutive laws on the modeling of thermo-viscoplastic behaviour of an aluminum alloy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of constitutive laws on the modeling of thermo-viscoplastic behaviour of an aluminum.guines@insa-rennes.fr, d email: shdgj@sdu.edu.cn Keywords: Hardening law; Aluminum alloy; Flow stress; Temperature; Strain, the innovative lightweight materials, such as aluminum alloys, have been widely adopted in the automotive

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food products aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Chemical Preparation of Aluminum Borate Whiskers I. Erkin GNENLI and A. Cneyt TAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chemical Preparation of Aluminum Borate Whiskers I. Erkin G?NENLI and A. Cüneyt TAS Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Middle East Technical University, Ankara 06531, Turkey Aluminum borate chemicals of aluminum sulphate and boric acid. The synthesis temperature of 1075°C was found

Tas, A. Cuneyt

442

JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 6, NO. 2, JUNE 1997 91 Uses of Electroplated Aluminum for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aluminum for the Development of Microstructures and Micromachining Processes A. Bruno Frazier, Member, IEEE, and Mark G. Allen, Member, IEEE Abstract-- In this paper, electroplated aluminum is explored as both. A method for the fabrication of aluminum microstructures based on elec- trodeposition from organic

443

REAR-SIDE POINT-CONTACTS BY INLINE THERMAL EVAPORATION OF ALUMINUM Christoph Mader  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REAR-SIDE POINT-CONTACTS BY INLINE THERMAL EVAPORATION OF ALUMINUM Christoph Mader 1 , Jens Müller of point-contacted aluminum rear-sides for silicon solar cells that are metalized by inline thermal evaporation. We deposit aluminum layers of 2 µm thickness at dynamic deposition rates of 1.0, 2.9 and 5.0 µm

444

Passivation of Aluminum in Lithium-ion Battery Electrolytes with LiBOB  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pitting corrosion of aluminum in 1M LiTFSI. The protectiveAnodic Polarization of Aluminum in 1:1 EC+DMC with 1M LiBOBdeposited thin film of aluminum in 1:1 EC+DMC with 1M LiBOB.

Zhang, Xueyuan; Devine, Thomas M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Role of Surface Precipitation in Copper Sorption by the Hydrous Oxides of Iron and Aluminum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Role of Surface Precipitation in Copper Sorption by the Hydrous Oxides of Iron and Aluminum K. G precipitation; sorption; isotherms; X-ray diffraction; hydrous iron oxide; hydrous aluminum oxide; copper. INTRODUCTION Hydrous oxides of iron (HFO) and aluminum (HAO) are important mineral components of natural

Chorover, Jon

446

A thermomechanical study of the effects of mold topography on the solidification of Aluminum alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A thermomechanical study of the effects of mold topography on the solidification of Aluminum-3801, USA A thermomechanical study of the effects of mold topography on the solidification of Aluminum deformation and heat transfer at the mold/solid-shell interface during the early stages of Aluminum

Zabaras, Nicholas J.

447

A perturbation analysis of the unstable plastic flow pattern evolution in an aluminum alloy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A perturbation analysis of the unstable plastic flow pattern evolution in an aluminum alloy Seung Abstract In the tensile loading of sheet metals made from some polycrystalline aluminum alloys, a single in the uniaxial tension of polycrystalline aluminum alloys with periodic stress relaxations depends

Tong, Wei

448

Rapid communication Quantication of ve-and six-coordinated aluminum ions in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rapid communication Quanti®cation of ®ve- and six-coordinated aluminum ions in aluminosilicate, Stanford, CA 94305-2115, USA Received 5 May 2000 Abstract Aluminum cation sites with ®ve (5 Al) or six (6 in a calcium-aluminosilicate glass without excess aluminum over charge-balancing cations, and quantify small

Puglisi, Joseph

449

Vacancy clustering and prismatic dislocation loop formation in aluminum Vikram Gavini  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vacancy clustering and prismatic dislocation loop formation in aluminum Vikram Gavini Department of atoms to address this problem in aluminum. Our results show that there is a cascade of larger and larger, calculations for aluminum using quan- tum mechanical density-functional theory [9, 10] show that di

Nemat-Nasser, Sia

450

ENS'07 Paris, France, 3-4 December 2007 MEASUREMENTS OF THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY OF ALUMINUM NANOPOWDERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENS'07 Paris, France, 3-4 December 2007 MEASUREMENTS OF THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY OF ALUMINUM spectroscopy (PAS) as a powerful technique to estimate thermal properties of aluminum nanosized powders. Aluminum nanopowders are considered as effective constituents of energetic materials. Thermal conductivity

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

451

The Development of ALADIN,an Expert System for Aluminum Alloy Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

329 The Development of ALADIN,an Expert System for Aluminum Alloy Design Martha L. Farinacci-Mel- lon Unit,., Pittsburgh, PA, USA 1. Introduction ALADIN (ALuminum Alloy Design INventor) is an expert of new aluminum alloys. The system is a hybrid of several artificial intelligence techniques. Declarative

Fox, Mark S.

452

ICDERS July 2429, 2011 Irvine, USA An Empirical Model for the Ignition of Aluminum Particle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

23rd ICDERS July 24­29, 2011 Irvine, USA An Empirical Model for the Ignition of Aluminum Particle of aluminum particle clouds is developed and applied to the study of particle ignition and combustion behavior as cloud concentration effects on ignition. The total mass of aluminum that burns is found to depend

453

Incorporation of Short-Lived Be in a Calcium-Aluminum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incorporation of Short-Lived 10 Be in a Calcium-Aluminum­ Rich Inclusion from the Allende Meteorite Kevin D. McKeegan,1 * Marc Chaussidon,2 Franc¸ois Robert3 Enrichments in boron-10/boron-11 in a calcium-aluminum canonical abundance of aluminum-26 may still require seeding of the solar system by radioactive stellar

454

Combustion characteristics of fuel droplets with addition of nano and micron-sized aluminum particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combustion characteristics of fuel droplets with addition of nano and micron-sized aluminum Aluminum nanoparticles Microexplosion Particle aggregation a b s t r a c t The burning characteristics of fuel droplets containing nano and micron-sized aluminum particles were investigated. Particle size

Qiao, Li

455

Molecular dynamics simulations of the nano-scale room-temperature oxidation of aluminum single crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Molecular dynamics simulations of the nano-scale room-temperature oxidation of aluminum single Abstract The oxidation of aluminum single crystals is studied using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations with dynamic charge transfer between atoms. The simulations are performed on three aluminum low-index surfaces

Southern California, University of

456

Au#sm Explained: Synergis#c Poisoning from Aluminum and Glyphosate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Au#sm Explained: Synergis#c Poisoning from Aluminum and Glyphosate Stephanie #12;Outline · Glyphosate and AuOsm · Aluminum, glyphosate, sulfate and the pineal gland ­ Sunlight Deficiency ­ SynergisOc Effects of Glyphosate and Aluminum

Seneff, Stephanie

457

MECHANICAL TEST RESULTS ON DIPOLE MODEL C-l 25 mm ALUMINUM COLLARS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P~. FI'9 . ~ C.C rv'IW\\ 707~-Th ALUMINUM ' ~LAI2.. o Pl.ATTDIPOLE MODEL C-1 25 mm ALUMINUM COLLARS C. Peters FebruaryON DIPOLE MODEL C-I 25 mm ALUMINUM COLLARS Craig Peters

Peters, C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Aluminum speciation in aqueous fluids at deep crustal pressure and temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aluminum speciation in aqueous fluids at deep crustal pressure and temperature Mainak Mookherjee a Abstract We investigated aluminum speciation in aqueous fluids in equilibrium with corundum using in situ Raman spectroscopy in hydrothermal diamond anvil cells to 20 kbar and 1000 °C. We have studied aluminum

Manning, Craig

459

Computational Analysis of Material Flow During Friction Stir Welding of AA5059 Aluminum Alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computational Analysis of Material Flow During Friction Stir Welding of AA5059 Aluminum Alloys M, solid-solution strengthened and strain-hardened aluminum alloy) is represented using a modified version using FSW, the industrial interest has been primary in the welding of aluminum alloys. For a wide

Grujicic, Mica

460

Solidification of Aluminum Alloys Edited by TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society), 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solidification of Aluminum Alloys Edited by TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society), 2004 Modeling the Effects of Mold Topography on Aluminum Cast Surfaces Lijian Tan1 , Nicholas Zabaras1 1 14853, USA Keywords: Aluminum Solidification; Mold topography; Cast Surfaces Abstract The air

Zabaras, Nicholas J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food products aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Ultrafast dynamics of the laser-induced solid-to-liquid phase transition in aluminum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ultrafast dynamics of the laser-induced solid-to-liquid phase transition in aluminum A thesis dynamics of the laser-induced solid-to-liquid phase transition in aluminum Eric Mazur Maria Kandyla Abstract This dissertation reports the ultrafast dynamics of aluminum during the solid-to- liquid phase

Mazur, Eric

462

GLOBAL BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, Estimating mineral aerosol iron and aluminum1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and aluminum1 solubility from particle size using diffusion-controlled2 and surface [Jickells et al., 2005].34 Aluminum, on the other hand, is not found to be an important nutrient chemistry compared to Fe, aluminum has been used as a39 tracer for quantifying the dust deposition

Zender, Charles

463

Measurements of submillimeter polarization induced by oblique reflection from aluminum alloy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements of submillimeter polarization induced by oblique reflection from aluminum alloy Tom of submillimeter radiation when it is obliquely reflected by a flat mirror made of aluminum alloy. For angles by oblique reflection from aluminum alloy at a wavelength of 1 cm agrees with the prediction of the ordinary

Novak, Giles

464

HIGH TEMPERATURE SULFIDATION BEHAVIOR OF LOW Al IRON-ALUMINUM COMPOSITIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HIGH TEMPERATURE SULFIDATION BEHAVIOR OF LOW Al IRON-ALUMINUM COMPOSITIONS S.W. Banovic, J.N. Du (Received January 5, 1998) (Accepted March 23, 1998) Introduction Iron-aluminum weld overlay coatings, the application of iron-aluminum alloys is currently limited due to hydrogen cracking susceptibility subsequent

DuPont, John N.

465

University of Oklahoma Food Services Policy on Food I. Purpose of policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Oklahoma Food Services Policy on Food Allergies I. Purpose of policy The purpose offered to students with food allergies through the Department of Housing and Food Services.1 II. To Whom Services; and (2) Food Service employees. III. Policy Definitions Food Allergens ­ Substances that can

Oklahoma, University of

466

Potential Carcinogenicity of Food Additives and Contaminants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Carcinogenicity of Food Additives and Contaminants 1...RESEARCH VOL.35 Food Additives and Contaminants argument...substance that caused removal of the cranberries...consideration was given to the removal of Tween 60 as a food additive. The compound has...

Philippe Shubik

1975-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Pulverized coal firing of aluminum melting furnances. Quarterly technical report, January 1, 1980-March 31, 1980  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ultimate objective of this program is the commercial demonstration of an efficient, environmentally acceptable coal firing process suitable for implementation on melting furnaces throughout the aluminum industry. To achieve this goal, the program has been divided into two phases. Phase I has begun with the design and construction of a 350 pound (coal) per hour staged slagging cyclone combustor (SSCC) attached to a 7-ft diameter aluminum melting ladle furnace. Process development will culminate with a 1000 pph prototype SSCC firing a 40,000 pound capacity open hearth melting furnace at the Alcoa Laboratories. Phase II implementation is currently planned for Alcoa's Lafayette, IN, Works, where two of the ingot plant's five open hearth melting furnaces will be converted to utilize coal. In addition to confirmation of data gathered in Phase I, the effect of extended production schedule operation on equipment and efficiencies will be determined. This work would begin in 1982 pursuant to technical and economic evaluation of the process development at that time.

West, C E

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Pulverized coal firing of aluminum melting furnaces. Second annual technical progress report, July 1979-June 1980  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ultimate objective of this program is the commercial demonstration of an efficient, environmentally acceptable coal firing process suitable for implementation on melting furnaces throughout the aluminum industry. To achieve this goal, the program has been divided into two phases. Phase I has proceeded through design and construction of a 350 pound (coal) per hour staged slagging cyclone combustor (SSCC) attached to a 7-ft diameter aluminum melting ladle furnace. Process development will culminate with a 1000 pph prototype SSCC firing a 40,000 pound capacity open hearth melting furnace at the Alcoa Laboratories. Phase II implementation is currently planned for Alcoa's Lafayette, IN, Works, where two of the ingot plant's five open hearth melting furnaces will be converted to utilize coal. In addition to confirmation of data gathered in Phase I, the effect of extended production schedule operation on equipment and efficiencies will be determined. This work would begin in 1982 pursuant to technical and economic evaluation of the process development at that time.

West, C E; Stewart, D L

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Optimal food price stabilisation in a small open developing Christophe Gouel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal food price stabilisation in a small open developing country Christophe Gouel Sébastien Jean September 16, 2011 Abstract This paper analyses food price stabilisation policies in a small, open, developing country. Without public intervention, price dynamics are driven by domestic productive shocks

Silver, Whendee

470

In-Situ, Real-Time Measurement of Melt Constituents in the Aluminum, Glass, and Steel Industries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy Research Company (ERCo), with support from DOEs Industrial Technologies Program, Sensors and Automation has developed a Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) probe to measure, in real time and in-situ, the composition of an aluminum melt in a furnace at an industrial plant. The compositional data is provided to the operator continuously allowing the operator to adjust the melt composition, saving energy, increasing production, and maintaining tighter compositional tolerances than has been previously possible. The overall objectives of this project were to: -- design, develop, fabricate, test and project future costs of the LIBS probe on bench-size experiments; - test the unit in a pilot-scaled aluminum furnace under varying operating conditions of temperature and melt constituents; -- determine the instruments needed for use in industrial environment; -- compare LIBS Probe data to readings traditionally taken on the furnace; -- get full-scale data to resolve if, and how, the LIBS Probe design should be modified for operator acceptance. Extensive laboratory tests have proven the concept feasibility. Elemental concentrations below 0.1% wt. have been accurately measured. Further, the LIBS system has now been installed and is operating at a Commonwealth Aluminum plant in Ohio. The technology is crosscutting as it can be used in a wide variety of applications. In the Sensors and Automation Program the application was for the secondary aluminum industry. However, this project spawned a number of other applications, which are also reported here for completeness. The project was effective in that two commercial systems are now operating; one at Commonwealth Aluminum and another at a PPG fiberglass plant. Other commercial installations are being negotiated as of this writing. This project led to the following conclusions: 1. The LIBS System has been developed for industrial applications. This is the first time this has been accomplished. In addition, two commercial installations have been completed; one at Commonwealth and another at PPG. 2. The system is easy to operate and requires no operator training. Calibration is not required. It is certified as eye safe. 3. The system is crosscutting and ERCo is evaluating seven applications, as reported in this report, and other applications to be reported later. 4. A business plan is being completed for each of the near term markets. ERCo is committed to achieving continued commercial success with the LIBS System. 5. A world wide patent has been issued. 6. The energy savings is substantial. The annual energy savings, by 2010, for each industry is estimated as follows: o Secondary Aluminum 1.44 trillion Btus o Glass 17 to 45 trillion Btus o Steel Up to 26 trillion Btus

Robert De Saro

2006-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

471

A Water Resources Threshold and Its Implications for Food Security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This leads to an intrinsic relationship between a country's renewable water resources and the capacity for food production. ... With the similar level of water resources, the volume of import in Algeria, Egypt, and Morocco all exceeded 120 kg/(capita year). ... Egypt's needs a breakthrough in research and development for irrigation using renewable energy (mainly solar and wind) by a desalination process. ...

Hong Yang; Peter Reichert; Karim C. Abbaspour; Alexander J. B. Zehnder

2003-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

472

Aluminum sulfate (alum; Al2 O) is used as a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

477 Aluminum sulfate (alum; Al2 (SO4 )3 ·14H2 O) is used as a chemical treatment of poultry litter litters showed that the P is present in inorganic (P sorbed on Al oxides, calcium phosphates) and organic increases. Overall, alum-amended litters exhibited higher proportions of Al-bound P species and phytic acid

Sparks, Donald L.

473

Detection and removal of molten salts from molten aluminum alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Molten salts are one source of inclusions and defects in aluminum ingots and cast shapes. A selective adsorption media was used to remove these inclusions and a device for detection of molten salts was tested. This set of experiments is described and the results are presented and analyzed.

K. Butcher; D. Smith; C. L. Lin; L. Aubrey

1999-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

474

Particle pulses from superconducting aluminum tunnel junction detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Superconducting aluminum tunnel junctions have been developed for use as particle detectors. This paper presents results on static characteristics of these devices. We also present results from tests of these detectors with 6-keV X-rays. An extrapolation of the properties of these detectors to one suitable for dark-matter detectors is discussed.

Stricker, D.A.; Bing, D.D.; Bland, R.W.; Dickson, S.C.; Dignan, T.; Johnson, R.T.; Lockhart, J.M.; Laws, K.; Simon, M.W.; Watson, R. (San Francisco State Univ., Physics and Astronomy Dept. San Francisco, CA (US))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

The distribution of particulate aluminum in the Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of runoff water in the oceans. Toyota and Okabe (1967) reported vertical distri- butions of particulate aluminum ranging from 1-50 ug Al/L in samples from the Western North Pacific, Indian and Antarctic Oceans. , Stefansson and Atkinson (1969) used...

Feely, Richard Alan

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Molecular Scale Assessment of Methylarsenic Sorption on Aluminum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Molecular Scale Assessment of Methylarsenic Sorption on Aluminum Oxide M A S A Y U K I S H I M I Z to agriculture fields and the toxicity of MMA and DMA, the sorption of methylated As to soil constituents macroscopic batch sorption kinetics and molecular scale extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS

Sparks, Donald L.

477

Plasma sprayed coatings as surface treatments of aluminum adherends  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plasma sprayed coatings have been evaluated as surface treatments for aluminum substrates being prepared for adhesive bonding. Blends of an aluminum-silicon alloy and polyester give the best performance. To establish durability performance, wedge tests were done using four common epoxy adhesives without primers. In all cases, the 60%Al-Si/40%polyester coating gave results superior to those of FPL-etched specimens and, in some cases, performance equivalent to PAA specimens. This roughness provides excellent opportunity for mechanical interlocking or physical bonding and allows a complex interphase to be formed as the adhesive penetrates into the coating. Crack growth measurements and subsequent failure analysis using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) indicate that crack propagation occurs within this complex interphase. The results also show that the aluminum and polyester components are synergistic and blends of the two give better performance than either component by itself The aluminum gives strength to the coating while the polyester provides toughness and improves moisture resistance.

Davis, G.D.; Whisnant, P.L.; Groff, G.B.; Shaffer, D.K. [Lockheed Martin, Baltimore, MD (United States)] [and others

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

478

Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food Drive Provides 640 Turkeys to People in Need Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food Drive...

479

A Primer on Food Additives.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of their workers. The readers' loud reactions became a pow erful, moving force that helped persuade Con gress to pass the Pure Food and Drugs Act of 1906 as well as the Meat Inspection Act of the same year. The First Food Revolution Before the Civil War.... Factory conditions began to improve. Now that there was a law, complete with inspections and penalties for convicted transgressors, the food additive situation began to change, as did attitudes toward sanitation. The 1906 law de fined as adulterated...

Anonymous,

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

SOLAR WIND IMPLANTATION MODEL FOR {sup 10}Be IN CALCIUM-ALUMINUM INCLUSIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a model for the incorporation of {sup 10}Be within calcium-aluminum inclusions (CAIs) in primitive carbonaceous meteorites. In this model, {sup 10}Be is produced by energetic particle reactions in the proto-solar atmosphere of a more active proto-Sun characterized by energetic particle fluxes higher than contemporary particle fluxes. This {sup 10}Be is incorporated into the solar wind that is then implanted into CAI precursor material. This production mechanism is operational in the contemporary solar system implanting {sup 10}Be in lunar materials. The contemporary production rate of {sup 10}Be at the surface of the Sun is {approx}0.1 {sup 10}Be cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}. Scaling up the contemporary {sup 10}Be production in the proto-Sun by a factor of 10{sup 5} would increase the production rate to 10{sup 410}Be cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}. Using this enhanced production value in conjunction with refractory mass inflow rates at 0.06 AU from the proto-Sun we model {sup 10}Be concentrations in CAI precursors. We calculate the content of solar-wind-implanted {sup 10}Be would have been of the order of 10{sup 1210}Be g{sup -1} in CAIs, consistent with initial{sup 10}Be content found from boron-beryllium isotopic systematics in CAIs.

Bricker, Glynn E. [Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, Purdue University North Central, Schwarz Bldg, Westville, IN 46391 (United States); Caffee, Marc W., E-mail: gbricker@pnc.ed, E-mail: mcaffee@purdue.ed [Department of Physics, Primelab: Purdue University, 525 Northwestern Avenue, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States)

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "food products aluminum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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481

Aluminum tunnel junction detector operation in an adiabatic demagnetization refrigerator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Superconducting tunnel junction detectors are being developed as both particle and X-ray detectors. Aluminum junctions are desirable for detectors because of their strong native oxide barriers, and because the small energy gap of aluminum is a good match to ballistic phonons generated by particle interactions in single crystals of silicon or other low acoustic-loss insulating crystals. Aluminum tunnel junction detectors must be operated near 0.1 T{sub C} which is 110 mK for aluminum. To operate detectors at these temperatures, we have developed adiabatic demagnetization refrigerators (ADRs) for the laboratory and prototype ADRs for space based operation. These cryogenic systems are simpler, more convenient and more portable than most dilution refrigerators. We have demonstrated that the magnetic field of the ADR need not compromise the performance of aluminum tunnel junctions. We have recently initiated a program to develop superconducting tunnel junctions (STJs) as high resolution X-ray detectors and low energy threshold particle detectors. This complements our existing program in which we are developing high resolution X-ray microcalorimeter detectors. One of our goals for both of these cryogenic detector development efforts is to observe X-ray emission from cosmic sources. This requires a refrigeration system that can operate under zero gravity space flight conditions. For the microcalorimeter project, temperatures of 100 mK and below are required to sufficiently reduce the heat capacity of the device. We have therefore developed an adiabatic demagnetization refrigerator (ADR) system which can be configured for space flight.

Labov, S.; Silver, E.; Le Gros, M. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)); Bland, R.W.; Dickson, S.C.; Dignan, T.G.; Laws, K.; Johnson, R.T.; Simon, M.W.; Stricker, D.A.; Watson, R.M. (San Francisco State Univ., CA (United States)); Madden, N.; Landis, D. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States))

1992-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

482

POTLUCK FOOD SAFETY 1. Definition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an oven or microwave. If an oven or microwave is not available, the dish should be placed in an insulated chaffing dishes, ice pans, holding cabinets or ice chests. The food coordinator should monitor

483

SUSTAINABILITY AND FOOD Anthropology Professors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUSTAINABILITY AND FOOD Anthropology Professors Maribel Alvarez Diane Austin Mamadou Baro Tim. Potential Helpful Minors Environmental Studies Environmental Sciences Nutritional Science Sustainable Built Environments Sustainable Plant Systems Potential Employers Documentary Films Government Jobs

Holliday, Vance T.

484

Trees, soils, and food security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1996). Such progress could improve household welfare by providing traditional food...Gelder, A. 1995 Development research and energy planning in Kenya. Ambio 14, 228236...mposium Series 1, pp. 108119. Tsukuba, Japan: JIRCAS. Sanchez P. A., Izac, A...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Food security and sustainable intensification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...should be produced using sustainable intensification (SI...nutrition. food security|sustainable intensification|biodiversity...diets are deficient in energy, about the same number suffer the diseases of energy surplus, whereas...more environmentally sustainable methods of farming...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Improved Irradiation Performance of Uranium-Molybdenum/Aluminum Dispersion Fuel by Silicon Addition in Aluminum  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Uranium-molybdenum fuel particle dispersion in aluminum is a form of fuel under development for conversion of high-power research and test reactors from highly enriched to low-enriched uranium in the U.S. Global Threat Reduction Initiative program (also known as the Reduced Enrichment for Research and Test Reactors program). Extensive irradiation tests have been conducted to find a solution for problems caused by interaction layer growth and pore formation between U-Mo and Al. Adding a small amount of Si (up to [approximately]5 wt%) in the Al matrix was one of the proposed remedies. The effect of silicon addition in the Al matrix was examined using irradiation test results by comparing side-by-side samples with different Si additions. Interaction layer growth was progressively reduced with increasing Si addition to the matrix Al, up to 4.8 wt%. The Si addition also appeared to delay pore formation and growth between the U-Mo and Al.

Yeon Soo Kim; G. L. Hofman; A. B. Robinson; D. M. Wachs

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Global food security, biodiversity conservation and the future of agricultural intensification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global food security, biodiversity conservation and the future of agricultural intensification Teja increase, achieving efficient and productive agri- cultural land use while conserving biodiversity. In conclusion, linking agricultural intensifi- cation with biodiversity conservation and hunger reduction

488

Patterns of sports sponsorship by gambling, alcohol and food companies: an Internet survey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sponsorship by alcohol, gambling and unhealthy food products is more than twice as common as sponsorship from other sources for sports popular with young people, suggesting that limits on unhealthy sponsorship should be considered.

Anthony Maher; Nick Wilson; Louise Signal; George Thomson

2006-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

489

Estimation of the committed radiation dose resulting from gamma radionuclides ingested with food  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of the study was to estimate the value of the radiation dose absorbed in consequence of consumption of popular food products for individual age groups. Potatoes, corn and sugar beet were selected...

Piotr Gody?; Agnieszka Do?ha?czuk-?rdka

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

The new food-tech city : adapting Chicago's post-stockyard urbanism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines the latent potential of Chicago's former Union Stock Yard, which consequentially draws attention to the polarities of industrial food production. The Union Stock Yard was once symbolic of an era where ...

Burnham, Justin (Justin Paul)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Emergency Food and Water Supplies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E-11 5-99 Emergency Food and Water Supplies Peggy Van Laanen* Cleaning and Sanitizing Equipment After Any Disaster Emergency Food Preparation Equipment Needs Assembling an Emergency... sealed, airtight metal lids, are safe to use after being thoroughly cleaned and sanitized. All cans, free of rust or dents, must be washed and sanitized before they are opened. Wash containers in a detergent solution using a scrub brush. Rinse...

Van Laanen, Peggy

1999-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

492

An internship in food services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(see Appendix A). The Director of Food Services, Mr. Lloyd Smith, makes most decisions, particularly those dealing with expansion and administrative staffing. Anything new or innovative goes across the Director's desk for approval. Because... experience. The skills learned are skills that are transferrable to many industries. Anyone interested in the hospitality industry or sales would definitely benefit from an internship in the Department of Food Services at Texas A&M University. ANALYSIS...

Smith, Bradley J.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

26 2010 Proceedings Symposium on Ash in North America GTR-NRS-P-72 STRIKE ONE! ALUMINUM. STRIKE TWO! MAPLE.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

26 2010 Proceedings Symposium on Ash in North America GTR-NRS-P-72 STRIKE ONE! ALUMINUM. STRIKE TWO) 431-2708 or email at jwiedenbeck@fs.fed.us. ALUMINUM BATS ... STRIKE ONE! The aluminum bat arrived percent of the overall bat market, were made out of aluminum. Likewise, the majority of adult bats

494

Process for production of a metal hydride  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for production of a metal hydride compound MH.sub.x, wherein x is one or two and M is an alkali metal, Be or Mg. The process comprises combining a compound of formula (R.sup.1O).sub.xM with aluminum, hydrogen and at least one metal selected from among titanium, zirconium, hafnium, niobium, vanadium, tantalum and iron to produce a compound of formula MH.sub.x. R.sup.1 is phenyl or phenyl substituted by at least one alkyl or alkoxy group. A mole ratio of aluminum to (R.sup.1O).sub.xM is from 0.1:1 to 1:1. The catalyst is present at a level of at least 200 ppm based on weight of aluminum.

Allen, Nathan Tait; Butterick, III, Robert; Chin, Arthur Achhing; Millar, Dean Michael; Molzahn, David Craig

2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

495

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Aluminum Co of America - PA 23  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

PA 23 PA 23 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Aluminum Company of America (ALCOA) ( PA.23 ) Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: ALCOA Research Laboratory ALCOA New Kensington Works PA.23-3 PA.23-4 Location: 600 Freeport Road and Pine and Ninth Streets , New Kensington , Pennsylvania PA.23-1 PA.23-4 Evaluation Year: Circa 1993 PA.23-1 Site Operations: Research/Development and Production activities in support of the MED uranium slug canning and other programs, 1943-1945. PA.23-5 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Based upon results of radiological surveys of the properties, potential for residual radioactive contamination is considered remote PA.23-1 PA.23-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium PA.23-1

496

ITP Aluminum: Aluminum Industry Roadmap for the Automotive Market (May 1999)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Cooperative partnerships between industry and government are encouraging the development and use of innovative technologies that reduce industrial energy use, processing wastes, and production costs.

497

Income distribution trends and future food demand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...available for food consumption. While there is...between food and energy markets via biofuels...century studied food consumption of the Belgian working...in the market or home-produced. Two...over time. Food consumption can be disaggregated...is poor. Their average income is Y, while...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Corrosion of MA754 and MA956 in a Commercial Aluminum Melter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The University of North Dakota Energy & Environmental Research Center is working with Oak Ridge National Laboratory to test two oxide dispersion-strengthened alloys that could be used to construct very high-temperature heat recuperators for the aluminum-melting industry. For the initial tests, uncooled rings of MA754 and MA956 piping were exposed for 5 months to gases leaving an aluminum melter furnace at 1200 1290 C. The MA956 suffered spotty areas of severe corrosion and lost 25% of its weight. Scanning electron microscopy showed that there were small spots of alkali-rich corrosion products on the alloy surfaces, indicating the impact of droplets of fluxing agents. The corrosion products in these areas were mixed Fe, Cr, and Al oxides, which were depleted in Cr near the gas surface. However, Al concentrations in the remaining metal were typically between 3.5% and 4.0%, so there was a sufficient reservoir of Al remaining in the alloy to prevent simple breakaway corrosion which could have occurred if the Al were significantly depleted. The MA754 lost approximately 15% of its weight and showed void formation within 2 mm of the gas metal surfaces. Within the porous area, the Cr had largely segregated into oxide precipitates up to 50 9m in diameter, leaving the remaining metal Ni-rich. Below the porous layer, the alloy composition was relatively unchanged. Remains of Na- and Al-rich particles that had impacted the surface sporadically were visible but had not obviously affected the surface scale as they had with the MA956.

Hurley, John P. [University of North Dakota Energy & Environmental Research Center] [University of North Dakota Energy & Environmental Research Center; Kelley, Carl [Natures Fuel, 410 East Cook Road, Fort Wayne, IN 46825, USA] [Natures Fuel, 410 East Cook Road, Fort Wayne, IN 46825, USA; Bornstein, Norman S. [Consultant] [Consultant; Wright, Ian G [ORNL] [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

MONTANA STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF LAND RESOURCES & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES Degree Requirements for a B. S. in Sustainable Foods & Bioenergy Systems Agroecology Option 20142015 Catalog  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Requirements for a B. S. in Sustainable Foods & Bioenergy Systems Agroecology Option 20142015 Catalog Name ENSC 110 Land Resources & Environmental Sciences 3 F SFBS 146 Intro Sust Food/Bioenergy Systems 3) Vegetable Production 3 F HORT 345 Organic Market Gardening 3 Su NASX 415 (even years) Native Food Systems 3

Maxwell, Bruce D.

500

Public Health, Food Studies And Nutrition Department Of Public Health, Food Studies And Nutrition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

therapy, practice of dietetics, community nutrition, food science, and food service systems. All studentsPublic Health, Food Studies And Nutrition Department Of Public Health, Food Studies And Nutrition Kay Stearns Bruening, Chair, 315-443-2386 426 Ostrom Ave. The Department of Public Health, Food

Mather, Patrick T.