National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for food processing energy

  1. Energy Savings in Food Processing Dehumidification 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turney, R. L.; Young, F. J.

    1994-01-01

    Food processors have the unique responsibility of maintaining environmental, process and sanitation standards for government and consumers. Usually the food plant is a large facility with many sources of contamination, all of which must...

  2. Energy and process substitution in the frozen-food industry:...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and process substitution in the frozen-food industry: geothermal energy and the retortable pouch Stern, M.W.; Hanemann, W.M.; Eckhouse, K. 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND...

  3. Waste Energy Analysis Recovery for a Typical Food Processing Plant 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, P. H.; Mann, L., Jr.

    1980-01-01

    An energy analysis made for the Joan of Arc Food Processing Plant in St. Francisville, Louisiana indicated that a significant quantity of waste heat energy was being released to the atmosphere in the forms of low quality steam and hot flue gases...

  4. Energy And The Foods Processing Industry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, R.

    2001-01-01

    steam temperature of 3JO?F, the temperature of the gas exiting the stack is routinely 425?F. One boiler is baseloaded, while the second cycles between low-fire and idle. Only 20% of the condensate generated by the steam system is returned... to the boiler. By adding a stack economizer onto the baseload boiler and increasing condensate return to 60%, boiler energy savings of 14% can be realized. Customer #2 A meat packing plant receives chilled carcasses, which it then cuts, debones, and trims...

  5. Thermal Energy Storage/Heat Recovery and Energy Conservation in Food Processing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Combes, R. S.; Boykin, W. B.

    1980-01-01

    this hot water to the plant drain, a heat A project conducted by the Georgia Tech exchanger was installed at the Gold Kist plant to Engineering Experiment Station to demonstrate preheat scald tank makeup water by screening, col waste heat recovery... in the Gold Kist, Inc. poultry lecting and pumping the overflow from the scald tank processing plant located in Ellijay, Georgia will through the heat exchanger counterflow to the incom 436 ESL-IE-80-04-83 Proceedings from the Second Industrial Energy...

  6. Biomass Boiler for Food Processing Applications | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Biomass Boiler for Food Processing Applications Biomass Boiler for Food Processing Applications Biomass Boiler Uses a Combination of Wood Waste and Tire-Derived Fuel In 2011, the...

  7. Direct utilization of geothermal energy resources in food processing. Final report, May 17, 1978-May 31, 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Austin, J.C.

    1982-05-01

    In early 1978 financial assistance was granted for a project to utilize geothermal energy at Ore-Ida Foods, Inc.'s food processing plant in Ontario, Oregon. Specifically, the project included exploring, testing, and developing the potential geothermal resource; retrofitting the existing gas/oil-fired steam system; utilizing the geothermal resource for food processing, space heating, and hot potable water; and injecting the spent geothermal water back into a disposal well. Based on preliminary investigations which indicated the presence of a local geothermal resource, drilling began in August 1979. Although the anticipated resource temperature of 380/sup 0/F was reached at total well depth (10,054 feet), adequate flow to meet processing requirements could not be obtained. Subsequent well testing and stimulation techniques also failed to produce the necessary flow, and the project was eventually abandoned. However, throughout the duration of the project, all activities were carefully monitored and recorded to ensure the program's value for future evaluation. This report presents a culmination of data collected during the Ore-Ida project.

  8. Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry -...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Fact Sheet, 2011 Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry - Fact Sheet, 2011 Frito-LayPepsiCo, in cooperation with the Energy Solutions Center, is demonstrating...

  9. The Role of Emerging Technologies in Improving Energy Efficiency: Examples from the Food Processing Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lung, Robert Bruce; Masanet, Eric; McKane, Aimee

    2006-01-01

    Energy Benchmarking at the Company Level: Company Report Bakery,Bakery Magazine. http://www.radiofrequency.com/pressreleases/pr_13.html 26) Rumsey, T.R. , 1986, "Energy

  10. The Role of Emerging Technologies in Improving Energy Efficiency: Examples from the Food Processing Industry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lung, R. B.; Masanet, E.; McKane, A.

    2006-01-01

    to each emerging technology in its target industry sector in 2020 was calculated. Projected savings were calculated in terms of both delivered energy (i.e., natural gas and electricity consumed at the plant) and primary energy (i.e., the fossil fuels...Wh/lb. (electricity) Specific energy consumption of base technologies (delivered) 166 Btu/lb. (natural gas) Regional weighted average fossil fuel intensity of electricity generation 7,380 Btu/kWh Regional weighted average CO 2 emissions from electricity...

  11. Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint - Sector: Food and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Food and Beverage (NAICS 311, 312) Process Energy Electricity and Steam Generation Losses Process Losses 128 Nonprocess Losses 1,836 455 Steam Distribution Losses 104 72 Nonprocess...

  12. Energy Department, Northwest Food Processors Association Set...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department, Northwest Food Processors Association Set Energy Efficiency Goals for Industry Energy Department, Northwest Food Processors Association Set Energy Efficiency Goals for...

  13. Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry -...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry - Presentation by Frito-Lay North America, June 2011 Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry -...

  14. CHP SYSTEM AT FOOD PROCESSING PLANT INCREASES RELIABILITY AND...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CHP SYSTEM AT FOOD PROCESSING PLANT INCREASES RELIABILITY AND REDUCES EMISSIONS - CASE STUDY, 2015 CHP SYSTEM AT FOOD PROCESSING PLANT INCREASES RELIABILITY AND REDUCES EMISSIONS -...

  15. THE NORTH CAROLINA FOOD PROCESSING INITIATIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckel, Jeffrey A.

    THE NORTH CAROLINA FOOD PROCESSING INITIATIVE Manufacturing jobs for North Carolina Bringing manufacturing back to N.C. In 2014, the North Carolina General Assembly funded this initiative to diversify development in communities across North Carolina and the globe. We will grow jobs From innovations that can

  16. Supplier Selection for Supply Chains in the Processed Food Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    Supplier Selection for Supply Chains in the Processed Food Industry Pedro Amorima,, Eduardo Curcioa an integrated framework for deciding about the supplier selection for supply chains in the processed food-stage stochastic mixed-integer programming model for the supplier selection in the process food industry

  17. Energy Efficiency -FOOD SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY SEARCH PLAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    -based research to advance innovation in resource use efficiency in coupled water-energy systems. The successfulEnergy Efficiency - FOOD SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY SEARCH PLAN PAGE 8 OF 10 Approved 11 Efficiency University of California, Davis Title: Assistant Professor Water-Energy Efficiency in Food Science

  18. Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry -...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Presentation by Frito-Lay North America, June 2011 Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry - Presentation by Frito-Lay North America, June 2011 Presentation on...

  19. Cogeneration handbook for the food processing industry. [Contains glossary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eakin, D.E.; Fassbender, L.L.; Garrett-Price, B.A.; Moore, N.L.; Fasbender, A.G.; Gorges, H.A.

    1984-03-01

    The decision of whether to cogenerate involves several considerations, including technical, economic, environmental, legal, and regulatory issues. Each of these issues is addressed separately in this handbook. In addition, a chapter is included on preparing a three-phase work statement, which is needed to guide the design of a cogeneration system. In addition, an annotated bibliography and a glossary of terminology are provided. Appendix A provides an energy-use profile of the food processing industry. Appendices B through O provide specific information that will be called out in subsequent chapters.

  20. Flexible Distributed Energy and Water from Waste for the Food...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Flexible Distributed Energy and Water from Waste for the Food and Beverage Industry - Fact Sheet, 2014 Flexible Distributed Energy and Water from Waste for the Food and Beverage...

  1. Innovation for Food Retail: The 50% Advanced Energy Design Guide...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Innovation for Food Retail: The 50% Advanced Energy Design Guide for Grocery Stores Innovation for Food Retail: The 50% Advanced Energy Design Guide for Grocery Stores Find the...

  2. Flexible Distributed Energy & Water from Waste for the Food ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Distributed Energy & Water from Waste for the Food & Beverage Industry - Presentation by GE Global Research, June 2011 Flexible Distributed Energy & Water from Waste for the Food &...

  3. Food and Beverage (2010 MECS) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Food and Beverage (2010 MECS) Food and Beverage (2010 MECS) Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Food and Beverage Sector (NAICS 311, 312) Energy use data source: 2010 EIA...

  4. Energy conservation by hyperfiltration: food industry background literature survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-04-15

    The application of hyperfiltration to selected food product streams and food processing wastewaters for energy conservation was examined. This literature survey had led to the following conclusions: no research has been conducted in the food industry using membranes with hot process streams due to the temperature limitation (< 40/sup 0/C) of the typically studied cellulose acetate membranes; based on the bench-scale research reviewed, concentration of fruit and vegetable juices with membranes appears to be technically feasible; pretreatment and product recovery research was conducted with membranes on citrus peel oil, potato processing and brine wastewaters and wheys. The experiments demonstrated that these applications are feasible; many of the problems that have been identified with membranes are associated with either the suspended solids or the high osmotic pressure and viscosity of many foods; research using dynamic membranes has been conducted with various effluents, at temperatures to approx. 100/sup 0/C, at pressures to 1200 psi and with suspended solids to approx. 2%; and, the dynamic membrane is being prototype tested by NASA for high temperature processing of shower water. The literature review substantiates potential for dynamic membrane on porous stainless tubes to process a number of hot process and effluent streams in the food processing industry. Hot water for recycle and product concentrations are major areas with potential for economic application. The two plants involved in the first phase of the project should be reviewed to identify potential energy conservation applications. As many as possible of the conservation applications should be tested during the screening phase at each site. The most promising applications at each site should be evaluated more intensively to establish engineering estimates of the economics of this technology for the canned fruit and vegetable segment of the food industry.

  5. Research review paper Effects of food processing on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronquist, Fredrik

    processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 425 2.1.1. Moist heat;2.1.2. Dry heat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 426 2.2. Non, or hypotension. Since there are no medical treatments currently available for curing food allergies, the best way

  6. Food processing wastes as nutrient sources in algal growth

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wong, M-H; Chan, W-C; Chu, L-M

    1983-03-01

    Utilization of food processing wastes for biological production will ease part of the disposal problem, especially the potential hazards of eutrophication, andat the same time recycle the inherently rich plant nutrients in the waste materials. The present investigation is an attempt to study the feasibility of using five food processing wastes, including carrot, coconut, eggshell, soybean, and sugarcane, for culturing Chlorella pyrenoidosa (a unicellular green alga).

  7. Process Integration Study of a Food Plant 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chao, P.; Tripathi, P.

    1991-01-01

    installation. Potential process modification option is also presented which reduces the amount of heat being released to the room from hot tanks and thus provides the plant with a more comfortable working environment. INTRODUCTION An analysis is performed... of the payback periods for suggested retrofit schemes. PROCESS DESCRIPTION Cereal meal at 70?F is mixed and cooked with hot water and steam in the wet mixer. The product is then passed through cooker. The large amount of moisture contained in the product...

  8. Title: Energy, Water and Food: A Preliminary Conversation with the Food and Agriculture Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    Title: Energy, Water and Food: A Preliminary Conversation with the Food and Agriculture for attendees) to discuss a topic high on the agenda for FAO entitled "Energy, Water and Food". The FAO visitors Feldman Shelley rf12 DSOC Holst-Warhaft Gail glh3 MAE *Gomez Miguel mig7 AEM *Parrish Colin crp3 BAKERI

  9. Resource Conservation in Snack Food Processing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perry, L. E.; Meyers, G. R.

    2001-01-01

    was then required to develop an action plan and timeline for implementation. Follow-up technical support to some facilities was necessary to assist with project implementation or to provide additional trouble shooting of problem systems. These "strike team... technical evaluation of each process was conducted to establish the theoretical "best-case" gallons of water, BTUs of fuel, and KWH of electricity required to produce the respective product. Building related consumption standards were then established...

  10. Preliminary Feasibility Assessment of Integrating CCHP with NW Food Processing Plant #1: Modeling Documentation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffman, Michael G.; Srivastava, Viraj; Wagner, Anne W.; Makhmalbaf, Atefe; Thornton, John

    2014-01-01

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has launched a project funded by the Bonneville Power Association (BPA) to identify strategies for increasing industrial energy efficiency and reducing energy costs of Northwest Food Processors Association (NWFPA) plants through deployment of novel combinations and designs of variable-output combined heat and power (CHP) distributed generation (DG), combined cooling, heating and electric power (CCHP) DG and energy storage systems. Detailed evaluations and recommendations of CHP and CCHP DG systems will be performed for several Northwest (NW) food processing sites. The objective is to reduce the overall energy use intensity of NW food processors by 25% by 2020 and by 50% by 2030, as well as reducing emissions and understanding potential congestion reduction impacts on the transmission system in the Pacific Northwest.

  11. Dynamic Simulation Model of a Consumer Foods Production Process !

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yu

    schedule based on product list The SIMUL8 Component 1. Over 200 lines of simula0on code 2. ReadsDynamic Simulation Model of a Consumer Foods Production Process ! Goals · Create a dynamic simula0 Created par0ally automated Excel files to go handin hand with simula0on o Contains all SKUs and meat

  12. California Food Processing Industry Wastewater Demonstration Project: Phase I Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewis, Glen; Atkinson, Barbara; Rhyne, Ivin

    2009-09-09

    Wastewater treatment is an energy-intensive process and electricity demand is especially high during the utilities summer peak electricity demand periods. This makes wastewater treatment facilities prime candidates for demand response programs. However, wastewater treatment is often peripheral to food processing operations and its demand response opportunities have often been overlooked. Phase I of this wastewater demonstration project monitored wastewater energy and environmental data at Bell-Carter Foods, Inc., California's largest olive processing plant. For this monitoring activity the project team used Green Energy Management System (GEMS) automated enterprise energy management (EEM) technologies. This report presents results from data collected by GEMS from September 15, 2008 through November 30, 2008, during the olive harvest season. This project established and tested a methodology for (1) gathering baseline energy and environmental data at an industrial food-processing plant and (2) using the data to analyze energy efficiency, demand response, daily peak load management, and environmental management opportunities at the plant. The Phase I goals were to demonstrate the measurement and interrelationship of electricity demand, electricity usage, and water quality metrics and to estimate the associated CO{sub 2} emissions.

  13. Composition, Digestibility and Energy Values of Some Human Foods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

    1946-01-01

    STATION C. H. McDOWELL, ACTING DIRECTOR College Station, Texas BULLETIN NO. 680 AUGUST, 1946 COMPOSITION, DIGESTIBILITY AND ENERGY VALUES OF SOME HUMAN FOODS G. S. FRAPS Division of Chemistry AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS GIBB..., the average digestibility of human foods as compiled from the literature, factors for calculating the metabolizable energy and productive energy of human foods, a comparison of the fuel values as usually calculated with the metabolizable energy...

  14. ENERGY EFFICIENCY TECHNOLOGY ROADMAP VOLUME 7: INDUSTRIAL FOOD...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    leak detection Preliminary study how laser perforation of blueberry can improve fruit infusion with more yield and better quality Laser food processing (marker and micro...

  15. Purchasing Energy-Efficient Hot Food Holding Cabinets

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for hot food holding cabinets, a product category covered by ENERGY STAR efficiency requirements. Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies purchase ENERGY STAR-qualified products or FEMP-designated products in all product categories covered by these programs and in any acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

  16. Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry- Presentation by Frito-Lay North America, June 2011

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation on Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry, given by Kevin Chilcoat of Frito-Lay North America, at the U.S. DOE Industrial Distributed Energy Portfolio Review Meeting in Washington, D.C. on June 1-2, 2011.

  17. Energy conservation and rebates in commercial food enterprises

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Train, K.E.; Strebel, J.E.

    1987-02-01

    State programs offer rebates to food enterprises for the installation of energy-saving devices. This paper estimates the impact of rebates on the probability of installing a device and the resultant energy saving. Under reasonable ranges for energy costs and rates of return on devices, the benefits of a rebate program, calculated as the value of the energy savings that are attributable to the program, exceed the costs of the program and devices.

  18. Whole Foods Market Improves Energy Efficiency in New Construction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-03-01

    Whole Foods Market partnered with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to develop and implement solutions to reduce annual energy consumption in new stores by at least 50% versus requirements set by ASHRAE/ANSI/IESNA Standard 90.1-20041 as part of DOE’s Commercial Building Partnership (CBP) program.

  19. Potential For Energy, Peak Demand, and Water Savings in California Tomato Processing Facilities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trueblood, A. J.; Wu, Y. Y.; Ganji, A. R.

    2013-01-01

    Tomato processing is a major component of California's food industry. Tomato processing is extremely energy intensive, with the processing season coinciding with the local electrical utility peak period. Significant savings are possible...

  20. Water Research 39 (2005) 46734682 Hydrogen and electricity production from a food processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-01-01

    production. r 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Biohydrogen; Fermentation; ElectricityWater Research 39 (2005) 4673­4682 Hydrogen and electricity production from a food processing of the organic matter remains in solution. We demonstrate here that hydrogen production from a food processing

  1. Application and energy saving potential of superheated steam drying in the food industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fitzpatrick, J. [Univ. College Cork (United Kingdom); Robinson, A. [Stork Engineering, Uxbridge (United Kingdom)

    1996-12-31

    The possibilities of using superheated steam in heat and mass transfer processes such as drying have lately been investigated and tested by several industries. The mode of operation, energy saving potential, advantages of and problems with this media in contact with foodstuffs and food waste sludge are discussed in this article.

  2. Corporate Energy Management Process 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geiger, T.

    2013-01-01

    Guideline 2000 Geismar Cogeneration ? AOG Fuel Utilization 2001 Freeport Cogeneration Project 2002 Portsmouth Site Energy Team 2003 Freeport ISBL Energy Audits 2004 Energy Management Group (EM) 2004 Geismar Flare Best Practice 2005 Site Energy...

  3. The use of specialty sorghums for expanded snack food processing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Duane Lawrence

    2004-09-30

    The physical, chemical, and antioxidant properties of extrudates prepared from specialty tannin sorghum (CSC3xR28) and Tx430 black sorghums were evaluated. White food type sorghums (ATx631xRTx436) and commercial corn meal ...

  4. Modeling of a continuous food process with neural networks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bullock, David Cole

    1995-01-01

    Three neural networks were constructed and trained to provide both next step prediction and multi-step prediction of a snack food continuous frying operation. The three neural models were a feedforward sigmoidal network ...

  5. Opportunities for Enhancing the Texas Food-Processing Industry. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wildenthal, Marie; Capps, Oral Jr; Goodwin, H.L. Jr; Williams, Gary W.; Nichols, John P.

    1994-01-01

    The USDA’s “My Plate” recommends that preschool-aged children consume specific amounts of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. These foods contain essential nutrients that children and adults alike require to maintain ...

  6. United Natural Foods | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) JumpGTZ ClimateFeed Jump to:Foods Jump to: navigation,

  7. Trade My Food | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin Film SolarTown of Skiatook,1993) JumpInformationMy Food

  8. INCREASED FOOD AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF LACTATING NORTHERN FUR SEALS,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    nursing females require considerably more energy than do nonnursing females of the same species, age times greater than that observed in nonpregnant, nonlactating adult females, and lactating animals often that adult female sperm whales, Pkyseter macro- cephalus, need to increase their food intake by about 32

  9. West Pico Food | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEtGeorgia: Energy Resources JumpChicago,Islip, NewMilton,NewOrange,PowerPico

  10. Taste, olfactory and food texture reward processing in the brain and obesity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rolls, Edmund T.

    REVIEW Taste, olfactory and food texture reward processing in the brain and obesity ET Rolls Oxford Centre for Computational Neuroscience, Oxford, UK Complementary neuronal recordings and functional and combined representations of the taste, temperature and texture (including fat texture) of food in the mouth

  11. Biofuel policy must evaluate environmental, food security and energy goals to maximize net benefits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sexton, Steven E; Rajagapol, Deepak; Hochman, Gal; Zilberman, David D; Roland-Holst, David

    2009-01-01

    environmental, food security and energy goals to maximizeen- vironmental and energy-security im- peratives. However,rural development and energy-security objectives, and con-

  12. Process Waste Heat Recovery in the Food Industry - A System Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lundberg, W. L.; Mutone, G. A.

    1983-01-01

    An analysis of an industrial waste heat recovery system concept is discussed. For example purposes, a food processing plant operating an ammonia refrigeration system for storage and blast freezing is considered. Heat is withdrawn from...

  13. HELIOPHYSICS II. ENERGY CONVERSION PROCESSES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hudson, Hugh

    with the term "solar flare" dominate our thinking about energy conversion from magnetic storage to other formsHELIOPHYSICS II. ENERGY CONVERSION PROCESSES edited by CAROLUS J. SCHRIJVER Lockheed Martin of a solar flare 11 2.3.1 Flare luminosity and mechanical energy 11 2.3.2 The impulsive phase (hard X

  14. Energy from biological processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-07-01

    This assessment responds to a request by the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation for an evaluation of the energy potential of various sources of plant and animal matter (biomass). This report complements an earlier OTA report on the Application of Solar Technology to Today's Energy Needs in evaluating the major solar energy resources available to the United States. The findings also will serve as part of the material to be used in an upcoming OTA assessment of synthetic fuels for transportation. This volume presents analyses of prominent biomass issues, summaries of four biomass fuel cycles, a description of biomass' place in two plausible energy futures, and discussions of policy options for promoting energy from biomass. The four fuel cycles - wood, alcohol fuels, grasses and crop residues, and animal wastes - were chosen because of their near- to mid-term energy potential and because of the public interest in them. A second volume presents technical analyses of the resource base, conversion technologies, and end uses that provide a basis for the discussion in this volume. Also included in Volume II are various unconventional approaches to bioenergy production as well as the use of biomass to produce chemicals.

  15. Comment submitted by Hobart/ITW Food Equipment Group regarding the Energy Star Verification Testing Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is a comment submitted by Hobart/ITW Food Equipment Group regarding the Energy Star Verification Testing Program

  16. Sandia Energy - Tutorial on FMEA Process

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tutorial on FMEA Process Home Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Photovoltaics PV Systems Reliability Tutorial on FMEA Process Tutorial on FMEA ProcessTara...

  17. On the Trade-off between Energy Consumption and Food Quality Loss in Supermarket Refrigeration Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    On the Trade-off between Energy Consumption and Food Quality Loss in Supermarket Refrigeration-off between energy consumption and food quality loss, at varying ambient con- ditions, in supermarket for energy savings without extra loss of food quality is demonstrated. We also show that by utilizing

  18. Balancing Energy Consumption and Food Quality Loss in Supermarket Refrigeration System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    Balancing Energy Consumption and Food Quality Loss in Supermarket Refrigeration System J. Cai and J energy consumption and food quality loss, at varying ambient condition, in a supermarket refrigeration for energy savings without extra loss of food quality. We also show that by utilizing the relatively slow

  19. Everything You Ever Wanted To Know About Food Processing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, N.; Milmoe, P. H.

    2001-01-01

    and power quality needs. In addition to documenting a variety of energy end uses in the industry in spring 2000, E SOURCE surveyed 148 plant managers by telephone and conducted in-depth interviews with 8 corporate energy managers. We asked the plant managers...

  20. Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels|ProgramsLakeDepartmentEnergyEnterprise ServersHot Food Holding

  1. Water Savings in Food Processing Plants - Potentials and Case Studies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trueblood, A; Ritchie, M.; Chow, S.; Ganji, A.

    2015-01-01

    ESL-IE-15-06-25 Proceedings of the Thrity-Seventh Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. June 2-4, 2015 Case Study – Winery, Central Coast, CA June 2015 IETC 2015 • Implemented one water conservation project: • Optimized... Conservation in the Industrial Sector – Potentials and Case Studies Alexander J. Trueblood, P.E. BASE Energy, Inc. San Francisco, CA Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA June 2015 June 2015 IETC 2015 ESL-IE-15-06-25 Proceedings of the Thrity...

  2. Production of Biogas from Wastewaters of Food Processing Industries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sax, R. I.; Holtz, M.; Pette, K. C.

    1980-01-01

    An Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket Process used in converting biodegradable, soluble, organic pollutants in industrial wastewaters to a directly-burnable biogas composed mainly of methane has been developed, tested, and commercially applied...

  3. Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-10-01

    This factsheet describes a combined heat and power (CHP) demonstration project that reduces the energy costs and environmental impact of a plant while easing congestion on the constrained Northeast power grid.

  4. Economics of Concentration Processes in the Food Industry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renshaw, T. A.; Sapakie, S. F.; Hanson, M. C.

    1983-01-01

    to operate than the triple effect evaporator, while the reverse osmosis and freeze concentration system are 2 and 3 times as costly. This shrinkage of the cost differentials is primarily due to the type and quantity of energy each of these systems utilize....

  5. Energy Recovery in Industrial Distillation Processes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul, D. B.

    1983-01-01

    Distillation processes are energy intensive separation processes which present attractive opportunities for energy conservation. Through the use of multistage vapor recompression, heat which is normally unavailable can be ...

  6. An Energy Conservation Program in the Food Industry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farner, C. T.

    1986-01-01

    General Foods Corporation is one of the largest food manufacturing companies in the United States. It's brand names are well known, covering a wide range of food products. Maxwell House coffee, Post cereals, Birds Eye ...

  7. International Food Policy Research Institute | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA JumpDuimenMakingBiofuels JumpIntermountainEnergyInc JumpTradeFood

  8. Energy Conservation in Process Heaters 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bagge, R. W.

    1982-01-01

    for the first case are given while the second concept is examined in more detail. Upgrading of heater efficiency should primarily aim at transferring as much energy as feasible to the actual process. When this is not possible the secondary target should...

  9. Removal of Radiocesium from Food by Processing: Data Collected after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident - 13167

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uchida, Shigeo; Tagami, Keiko [Office of Biospheric Assessment for Waste Disposal, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Anagawa 4-9-1, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan)] [Office of Biospheric Assessment for Waste Disposal, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Anagawa 4-9-1, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan)

    2013-07-01

    Removal of radiocesium from food by processing is of great concern following the accident of TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. Foods in markets are monitored and recent monitoring results have shown that almost all food materials were under the standard limit concentration levels for radiocesium (Cs-134+137), that is, 100 Bq kg{sup -1} in raw foods, 50 Bq kg{sup -1} in baby foods, and 10 Bq kg{sup -1} in drinking water; those food materials above the limit cannot be sold. However, one of the most frequently asked questions from the public is how much radiocesium in food would be removed by processing. Hence, information about radioactivity removal by processing of food crops native to Japan is actively sought by consumers. In this study, the food processing retention factor, F{sub r}, which is expressed as total activity in processed food divided by total activity in raw food, is reported for various types of corps. For white rice at a typical polishing yield of 90-92% from brown rice, the F{sub r} value range was 0.42-0.47. For leafy vegetable (indirect contamination), the average F{sub r} values were 0.92 (range: 0.27-1.2) after washing and 0.55 (range: 0.22-0.93) after washing and boiling. The data for some fruits are also reported. (authors)

  10. Economic analysis of wind-powered refrigeration cooling/water-heating systems in food processing. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garling, W.S.; Harper, M.R.; Merchant-Geuder, L.; Welch, M.

    1980-03-01

    Potential applications of wind energy include not only large central turbines that can be utilized by utilities, but also dispersed systems for farms and other applications. The US Departments of Energy (DOE) and Agriculture (USDA) currently are establishing the feasibility of wind energy use in applications where the energy can be used as available, or stored in a simple form. These applications include production of hot water for rural sanitation, heating and cooling of rural structures and products, drying agricultural products, and irrigation. This study, funded by USDA, analyzed the economic feasibility of wind power in refrigeration cooling and water heating systems in food processing plants. Types of plants included were meat and poultry, dairy, fruit and vegetable, and aquaculture.

  11. Productive Energy of Some Feeds and Foods as Measured by Gains of Energy by Growing Chickens. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach); Carlyle, E. C. (Elmer Cardinal)

    1942-01-01

    STATION A B. CONNER, DIRECTOR, College Station, Texas BULLETIN NO. 625 DECEMBER 1942 PRODUCTIVE ENERGY OF SOME FEEDS AND FOODS AS MEASURED BY GAINS OF ENERGY BY GROWING CHICKENS G. S. FRAPS AND E. C. CARLYLE Division of Chemistry -* LIBRA RY... Aflculfural&~eetv~! ~~i\\~~~~~~~ - 601i~p7 ~faf>~ T kJ;:~: AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF' TEXAS T. 0. WALTON, President B-28-1242-6M-L180 - IC- - [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] The value of 62 feeds and foods for furnishing energy for growing...

  12. Development and Demonstration of a Biomass Boiler for Food Processing Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-02-01

    Burns & McDonnell Engineering Company, in collaboration with Frito-Lay, Inc., Oak Ridge National Laboratory, CPL Systems, Inc., Alpha Boilers, and Kansas State University will demonstrate use of a biomass boiler in the food processing industry. The 60,000 lb/hr innovative biomass boiler system utilizing a combination of wood waste and tire-derived fuel (TDF) waste will offset all natural gas consumption at Frito-Lay's Topeka, Kansas, processing facility.

  13. Guidelines For Developing Low Energy Separation Processes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bojnowski, J. H.; Hanks, D. L.

    1981-01-01

    A large portion of the energy required by the process industry is consumed by separation processes. This paper discusses current engineering techniques that can be used in the development and optimization of low energy separation processes....

  14. Energy Department, Northwest Food Processors Association Set Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPLfor Innovative Solar PowerTribes to Develop Energy

  15. Pumpkin Power: Turning Food Waste into Energy | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    food waste and deliver it to EBMUD's anaerobic digesters. Inside these giant tanks, bacteria break down the food waste and release methane gas as a byproduct. EBMUD captures this...

  16. Energy Department, Northwest Food Processors Association Set Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansasCommunities Energy EfficiencyModular NuclearINLProject Energization

  17. How do microbial fuel cells (MFCs) work? Bacteria need energy to survive, in the same way that humans need food to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    How do microbial fuel cells (MFCs) work? Bacteria need energy to survive, in the same way that humans need food to live. Bacteria get this energy in a two-step process. The first step requires are receiving more attention because they are a potential part of the solution to our energy demands and could

  18. Process and Energy Optimization Revitalizes Energy Management at Eastman 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenwaldt, W. C.

    2007-01-01

    In 2005, the Eastman-Texas Operations Energy Management Team (EMT), in response to rapidly increasing energy prices, initiated a new energy optimization program to optimize the site’s energy intensity. This new program utilized a process and energy...

  19. Addressing Energy Costs of Current Separation Processes with Advanced Materials and Large scale purification and separation processes transform low value resources into more

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Mo

    Addressing Energy Costs of Current Separation Processes with Advanced Materials and Processes Large scale purification and separation processes transform low value resources into more useful fuels, basic chemicals, food and clean water; however, they also consume considerable energy. With growing global

  20. Identifying and Evaluating Energy Cost Reduction Opportunities for Harvesters - The Community Food Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Aaron M.

    2011-05-20

    The purpose of this project is to identify and evaluate opportunities where energy costs can be reduced for Harvesters - The Community Food Network. This is accomplished by conducting an energy audit, analyzing the data collected during the audit...

  1. Energy Harvesting Communications with Hybrid Energy Storage and Processing Cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulukus, Sennur

    Energy Harvesting Communications with Hybrid Energy Storage and Processing Cost Omur Ozel Khurram with an energy harvesting transmitter with non-negligible processing circuitry power and a hybrid energy storage for energy storage while the battery has unlimited space. The transmitter stores the harvested energy either

  2. Flexible Distributed Energy & Water from Waste for the Food ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Chemical Pharmaceutical 19% Fermentation 7% Food & Beverage 35% Sewage 4% Pulp and Paper 9% Source: Biothane (approx 500 installations) F&B Key Industrial Market * Small scale...

  3. The production of chemicals from food processing wastes using a novel fermenter separator. Annual progress report, January 1993--March 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dale, M.C.; Venkatesh, K.V.; Choi, H.; Salicetti-Piazza, L.; Borgos-Rubio, N.; Okos, M.R.; Wankat, P.C.

    1994-03-15

    The basic objective of this project is to convert waste streams from the food processing industry to usable fuels and chemicals using novel bioreactors. These bioreactors should allow economical utilization of waste (whey, waste sugars, waste starch, bottling wastes, candy wastes, molasses, and cellulosic wastes) by the production of ethanol, acetone/butanol, organic acids (acetic, lactic, and gluconic), yeast diacetyl flavor, and antifungal compounds. Continuous processes incorporating various processing improvements such as simultaneous product separation and immobilized cells are being developed to allow commercial scale utilization of waste stream. The production of ethanol by a continuous reactor-separator is the process closest to commercialization with a 7,500 liter pilot plant presently sited at an Iowa site to convert whey lactose to ethanol. Accomplishments during 1993 include installation and start-up of a 7,500 liter ICRS for ethanol production at an industry site in Iowa; Donation and installation of a 200 liter yeast pilot Plant to the project from Kenyon Enterprises; Modeling and testing of a low energy system for recovery of ethanol from vapor is using a solvent absorption/extractive distillation system; Simultaneous saccharification/fermentation of raw corn grits and starch in a stirred reactor/separator; Testing of the ability of `koji` process to ferment raw corn grits in a `no-cook` process.

  4. Effect of sorghum type and processing on the antioxidant properties of sorghum [sorghum bicolor (l.) moench] based foods 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ngwenya, Nomusa Rhoda

    2009-05-15

    Antioxidant properties of sorghum are related to sorghum type and method of processing into foods. Tannin and non-tannin sorghums and their products were evaluated for total phenols, tannins and antioxidant activity. Total ...

  5. A Study of Customer Service, Customer Satisfaction and Service Quality in the Logistics Function of the UK Food Processing Industry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, David Bruce

    The aim of this thesis is to test the importance and sufficiency of existing constructs of customer service, customer satisfaction and service quality in the logistics function of the UK food processing industry. These ...

  6. Aluminum processing energy benchmark report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2007-02-01

    Substantial energy efficiency gains have been made in the aluminum industry over the past forty years, resulting in a 58 percent decrease in energy utilization.

  7. Process Design and Operation for Energy Efficiency 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossiter, A. P.; Nath, R.; Yell, M. D.

    1991-01-01

    , ambient temperature) change in real time. Recent developments in computing, combined with new insights in thermo dynamics, give today's energy ~anager some powerful new methods for reduclng process energy requirements. This paper addresses three...

  8. LABORATORY VI ENERGY AND THERMAL PROCESSES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    LABORATORY VI ENERGY AND THERMAL PROCESSES Lab VI - 1 The change of the internal energy of a system temperature. In this lab you will concentrate on quantifying the changes in internal energy within the framework of conservation of energy. In the problems of this lab, you will master the relation

  9. BASF Corporate Energy Management Process 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geiger, T.

    2014-01-01

    North America 6 ESL-IE-14-05-30 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 7Management Commitment Assess Performance & Set Goals Implement Action Plan Create Action Plan Recognize... Optimization (EM) 2009 Compressed Air Optimization (EM) 2009 Energy Efficiency Program (EM) Recognition: American Chemistry Council Responsible Care® Energy Efficiency Awards 2009 Corporate Energy Efficiency Improvement Goal 2010 Geismar Ethylene Oxide Plant...

  10. Ducklings Exhibit Substantial Energy-Saving Mechanisms as a Response to Short-Term Food Shortage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bech, Claus

    90 Ducklings Exhibit Substantial Energy-Saving Mechanisms as a Response to Short-Term Food Shortage platyrhyncos domesticus) exhibited any energy-saving mechanisms that could lessen the detrimental effects ex- hibited substantial energy-saving mechanisms as a response to diet restriction. After 5 d of diet

  11. Offering within-category food swaps to reduce energy density of food purchases: as study using an experimental online supermarket

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forwood, Suzanna E.; Ahern, Amy L.; Marteau, Theresa M.; Jebb, Susan A.

    2015-06-25

    campaign, UK). They have the potential to reduce the energy, fat, sugar or salt content of the diet because of the range of nutrient composition seen in many foods, particularly in categories that have undergone reformulation by some manufacturers. Swaps... (Intercept) 0.12 (0.06-0.23) lean) Overweight 0.95 (0.63-1.47) 0.817 Obese 1.13 (0.75-1.74) 0.584 Gender (ref male) 1.31 (1.06-1.61) 0.012 Education (per Education level) 1.03 (0...

  12. Energy Efficiency Opportunities in California Food Processing Facilities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, T.; Kazama, D; Wang, J.

    2008-01-01

    .5 Cheese Mfg. (L) 8.5 - $531.3 Cheese Mfg. (L) 2 2 $155.5 Brewery Co (L) 8 - $144.5 Beef Co (L) 0.5 3 $139.6 Avg 8 $376 Juice Bottling 16 18 $400 Instant Noodles 10 23 $180 Olive Co 17 10 $204 Creamery 23.5 3.4 $145 Avg 16.6 $232 ESL-IE-08...

  13. Managing Energy Efficiency in Manufacturing Processes Implementing Energy Performance in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Managing Energy Efficiency in Manufacturing Processes ­ Implementing Energy Performance and unsecured energy supply are topics that become increasingly important in today's society. Although renewable energy technologies may be a long-term solution, more efficient energy use potentially makes a high

  14. BASF Corporate Energy Management Process 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geiger, T.

    2015-01-01

    .E.M Vice President, Energy and Verbund Management Industrial Energy Technology Conference June 4, 2015 1 Proceedings of the Thrity-Seventh Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. June 2-4, 2015 ESL-IE-15-06-42 150 years Corporate Energy... Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. June 2-4, 2015 ESL-IE-15-06-42 150 years • The world’s leading chemical company • Serves all major industries • 380 production facilities including six Verbund sites • World-class, innovative, high-value products...

  15. Process modeling and industrial energy use

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Howe, S O; Pilati, D A; Sparrow, F T

    1980-11-01

    How the process models developed at BNL are used to analyze industrial energy use is described and illustrated. Following a brief overview of the industry modeling program, the general methodology of process modeling is discussed. The discussion highlights the important concepts, contents, inputs, and outputs of a typical process model. A model of the US pulp and paper industry is then discussed as a specific application of process modeling methodology. Case study results from the pulp and paper model illustrate how process models can be used to analyze a variety of issues. Applications addressed with the case study results include projections of energy demand, conservation technology assessment, energy-related tax policies, and sensitivity analysis. A subsequent discussion of these results supports the conclusion that industry process models are versatile and powerful tools for energy end-use modeling and conservation analysis. Information on the current status of industry models at BNL is tabulated.

  16. Energy Improvement in Hydrocarbon Processing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Culler, D.

    2002-01-01

    Looking for a way to reduce your refining or petrochemical energy cost by 10-15%? With the dramatic increase in the cost of natural gas last year, the justification for doing so can be compelling. Consider energy conservation as one of your first...

  17. Strategic Energy Planning Process | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    program rankings. Step 7: Identify financing options. Various options are available to finance energy projects, including federal, state, and non-profit grants and loans. Step...

  18. Evaluating Energy Efficiency Improvements in Manufacturing Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    and increasing awareness of "green" customers have brought energy efficient manufacturing on top of the agendaEvaluating Energy Efficiency Improvements in Manufacturing Processes Katharina Bunse1 , Julia Sachs kbunse@ethz.ch, sachsj@student.ethz.ch, mvodicka@ethz.ch Abstract. Global warming, rising energy prices

  19. The Role of Advanced Process Control in Your Energy Management Solution 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, K.; Van Wyk, L.

    2010-01-01

    , Customization, Innovation NovaTech EAMS The Role of Advanced Process Control in your Energy Management Solution IETC Conference May 2010 Presentation title Service, Customization, Innovation NovaTech @ a Glance ? Three Primary Business Units: ? Nova... Who is NovaTech Presentation title Service, Customization, Innovation NovaTech @ a Glance ? Agro Processing ? Brewing ? Food & Beverage ? Energy/Utilities ? Heavy Industry ? Pharmaceutical ? Specialty Chemical NovaTech?s Industry Focus...

  20. Benchmarking Process Energy Performance From Historical Data: Bringing Sanity into Energy Budgets 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Severson, D. S.

    1996-01-01

    Reducing energy costs has two components: knowledge of process energy consumption and an energy management process. This concept is summed up in energy management's 2-M rule: to manage energy, energy must be measured. After data on process energy...

  1. ITP Energy Intensive Processes: Energy-Intensive Processes Portfolio:

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,ExecutiveFinancingR Walls21,Equipment: EnergyStandardsITC

  2. Tribal Renewable Energy Advanced Course: Project Financing Process...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Process and Structures Tribal Renewable Energy Advanced Course: Project Financing Process and Structures Watch the DOE Office of Indian Energy renewable energy course entitled...

  3. Leading innovation in food, natural resources and energy Michigan State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Taosheng

    Leading innovation in food, natural resources and energy Michigan State University #12;#12;Leading that threatens Michigan's natural resources or creating clean energy. Teamwork with government and social: Agriculture and Natural Resources, Communication Arts and Sciences, Engineering, Natural Science, Social

  4. Integrating Process Unit Energy Metrics into Plant Energy Management Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, J. L.; Knight, N.

    2005-01-01

    As energy costs continue to rise across the process industry, many plants have responded by developing improved energy monitoring and reporting programs. At the center of such programs are typically spreadsheet or database applications that pull...

  5. Representation of Energy Use in the Food Products Industry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, N. R.

    2007-01-01

    such as combined heat and power (CHP). This paper discusses the differences between energy end-uses and service demands, proposes an approach for approximating service demands and discusses the ramifications of this alternative representation to energy modeling...

  6. Regulatory Processes | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested PartiesBuildingBudgetFinancial OpportunitiesofRegulatory BurdenRFIWatchdog

  7. Master Thesis Department of Process & Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kjelstrup, Signe

    Master Thesis Department of Process & Energy Delft University of Technology April 2008 Graduation P&E report number: 2290 #12;#12;iii Summary This thesis concerns the design of a minimum entropy

  8. Comment submitted by the North American Association of Food Equipment Manufacturers (NAFEM) regarding the Energy Star Verification Testing Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is a comment submitted by the North American Association of Food Equipment Manufacturers (NAFEM) regarding the Energy Star Verification Testing Program

  9. Process Rule | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy AEnergyPresidential PermitDAYSDepartment ofconducted a formal effort between

  10. Energy accounting of apple processing operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Romero, R.; Singh, R.P.; Brown, D.

    1981-01-01

    A thermal-energy accounting study was conducted at an apple processing plant. An analysis is given of thermal energy use and thermal efficiencies of an apple-juice single-effect evaporator and an apple-sauce cooker. 3 refs.

  11. Nuclear Processes at Solar Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlo Broggini

    2003-08-29

    LUNA, Laboratory for Underground Nuclear Astrophysics at Gran Sasso, is measuring fusion cross sections down to the energy of the nucleosynthesis inside stars. Outstanding results obtained up to now are the cross-section measurements within the Gamow peak of the Sun of $^{3}He(^{3}He,2p)^{4}He$ and the $D(p,\\gamma)^{3}He$. The former plays a big role in the proton-proton chain, largely affecting the calculated solar neutrino luminosity, whereas the latter is the reaction that rules the proto-star life during the pre-main sequence phase. The implications of such measurements will be discussed. Preliminary results obtained last year on the study of $^{14}N(p,\\gamma)^{15}O$, the slowest reaction of the CNO cycle, will also be shown.

  12. Commercial Building Partnership Retail Food Sales Energy Savings Overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-03-01

    The Commercial Building Partnership (CBP) paired selected commercial building owners and operators with representatives of DOE, national laboratories and private sector exports to explore energy efficiency measures across general merchandise commercial buildings.

  13. Revathi Power Foods Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/ColoradoRemsenburg-Speonk, New York: EnergyOpen EnergyInformationforLLC Vermont

  14. California Department of Food and Agriculture | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank, Maine:Kansas: EnergyCalendarCalhounWebpage | Open EnergyCommission

  15. ITP Energy Intensive Processes: Improved Heat Recovery in Biomass...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Intensive Processes: Energy-Intensive Processes Portfolio: Addressing Key Energy Challenges Across U.S. Industry Guide to Low-Emission Boiler and Combustion Equipment Selection...

  16. "Paper" Energy Systems Acquisition Advisory Board Process | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    "Paper" Energy Systems Acquisition Advisory Board Process "Paper" Energy Systems Acquisition Advisory Board Process ESAAB-paperprocess---2009-01-14.pdf More Documents &...

  17. California Food Processing Industry Wastewater Demonstration Project: Phase I Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Glen

    2010-01-01

    technologies, including water and energy conservationdiscussion of existing water and energy efficiency measurestechnologies, including water and energy conservation

  18. This is not a peer-reviewed article. Pp. 034-043 in the Ninth International Animal, Agricultural and Food Processing Wastes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    and Food Processing Wastes Proceedings of the 12-15 October 2003 Symposium (Research Triangle Park, North #12;organic byproducts such as municipal biosolids, wood waste, food processing residuals OF COMPOSTED WASTE MATERIALS IN EROSION CONTROL L. M. Risse and L. B. Faucette ABSTRACT The objective

  19. Survival of Escherichia albertii Following Exposure to Various Food Preservation Processes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Amie

    2013-04-30

    The enteric pathogen Escherichia albertii represents an emerging food safety challenge. It has been mistakenly identified as Hafnia alvei, Shigella, or as a member of the Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC). Isolates of certain ...

  20. Comprehensive Energy Efficiency in the Process Industries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossiter, A.

    2015-01-01

    Efficiency in the Process Industries Alan Rossiter Rossiter & Associates alan@rossiters.org Beth Jones LyondellBasell (ret) ESL-IE-15-06-15a Proceedings of the Thrity-Seventh Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. June 2-4, 2015 The Main.... June 2-4, 2015 Keys to Improvement •Behavioral changes ? people and organizations ? no-cost savings •Process improvements ? typically capital projects ESL-IE-15-06-15a Proceedings of the Thrity-Seventh Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans...

  1. Process Energy Audit for Large Industries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chari, S.

    1993-01-01

    of the auditor, process improvements would be identified. A systems approach would be used in identifying process improvement. Task 12 ? Identification of Demand Side Management Technologies A derivative of Task 12 would be the identification of DSM... will consist of results of all the tasks. Example Audits. Having discussed the general audit procedure for a comprehensive audit, the following on a few energy intensive industries such as: ? cement ? chloralkalies ? foundry ? paper manufacturing...

  2. Solar Thermal Process Heat | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity forSilicium deEnergyCompany Limited SPCSolar Thermal Process Heat

  3. Process Heating Systems | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy Bills andOrderNATIONALof Energy ProceedingsEnergy Process

  4. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpAFlex Fuels Energy Jump

  5. DOE, Contractors Gather Food for Less Fortunate | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electricLaboratory | version of the Frequently AskedResearch Projects

  6. Multiscale modeling of spatially variable water and energy balance processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Famiglietti, J. S; Wood, E. F

    1994-01-01

    MULTISCALE WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE MODELING Wood, E. F. ,spatially variable water and energy balance processes J. S.modeling. Water and energy balance models are developed at

  7. Multiscale modeling of spatially variable water and energy balance processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Famiglietti, J. S; Wood, E. F

    1994-01-01

    AND WOOD: MULTISCALE WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE MODELING Wood,of spatially variable water and energy balance processes J.hydrological modeling. Water and energy balance models are

  8. California Food Processing Industry Wastewater Demonstration Project: Phase I Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Glen

    2010-01-01

    Administration Green Energy Management System Greenhouse GasOverview The Green Energy Management System (GEMS) consiststeam used Green Energy Management System (GEMS) automated

  9. California Food Processing Industry Wastewater Demonstration Project: Phase I Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Glen

    2010-01-01

    monitoring the project team used Green Energy Management System (monitoring activity the project team used Green Energy Management System (Energy Management System (GEMS), an enterprise energy management (EEM) automated monitoring system

  10. California Food Processing Industry Wastewater Demonstration Project: Phase I Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Glen

    2010-01-01

    Evaluation. New York State Energy and Research DevelopmentPlants. For New York State Energy and Research Development

  11. Oregon Siting Process | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program | Open EnergyInformationSiting Process Jump to:

  12. Hydrogen Production Processes | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof Energy ServicesContractingManagement » HumanProcesses Hydrogen Production

  13. The Big Picture on Process Heating | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Big Picture on Process Heating (January 2001) More Documents & Publications Metal and Glass Manufacturers Reduce Costs by Increasing Energy Efficiency in Process Heating Systems...

  14. Process Heating: A Special Supplement to Energy Matters

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Special Supplement to Energy Matters Process Heating Roadmap to Help U.S. Industries Be Competitive P rocess heating is vital to improving industrial productiv- ity, energy...

  15. Energy dissipation processes in solar wind turbulence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Y; Feng, X S; Xu, X J; Zhang, J; Sun, T R; Zuo, P B

    2015-01-01

    Turbulence is a chaotic flow regime filled by irregular flows. The dissipation of turbulence is a fundamental problem in the realm of physics. Theoretically, dissipation cannot be ultimately achieved without collisions, and so how turbulent kinetic energy is dissipated in the nearly collisionless solar wind is a challenging problem. Wave particle interactions and magnetic reconnection are two possible dissipation mechanisms, but which mechanism dominates is still a controversial topic. Here we analyze the dissipation region scaling around a solar wind magnetic reconnection region. We find that the magnetic reconnection region shows a unique multifractal scaling in the dissipation range, while the ambient solar wind turbulence reveals a monofractal dissipation process for most of the time. These results provide the first observational evidences for the intermittent multifractal dissipation region scaling around a magnetic reconnection site, and they also have significant implications for the fundamental energy...

  16. Risk Management Process Overview | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Risk Management Process Overview Risk Management Process Overview figure depicting three tier risk management process The cybersecurity risk management process explained in the...

  17. Energy Conservation in Process Chilled Water Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ambs, L. L.; DiBella, R. A.

    1993-01-01

    System," ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 93, Pt 2, 1987, pp. 1830-1852. 3. D. Murphy, "Cooling Towers Used For Free Cooling," ASHRAE Journal, June, 1991, pp. 16-26. 4. W.L. Jackson, F.C. Chen, and B.C. Hwang, "The Simulation and Perfonnance of a...ON IN PROCESS CHILLED WATER SYSTEMS Robert A. DiBella Lawrence L. Ambs, Ph.D. Projcct Engineer Associate Professor Xenergy Inc. University of MassachuseLts Burlington, MA Amherst, MA ABSTRACT The energy consumption of the chiller and cooling tower in a...

  18. Processing and Manufacturing Equipment | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC JumpPhonoSolarProcessing and Manufacturing

  19. Thermochemical Conversion Processes | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing ToolInternational Affairs,Department of EnergyPROGRAM The StateTheThe-Processes

  20. Superior Process Technology Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEuropeEnergy InformationSunrain Jump to:SuntraceProcess

  1. Dry Process Electrode Fabrication | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department8,Department of2 FederalEnergy Green:Dry Process Electrode

  2. Campus Sustainability Planetary Health Ecological Design Social and Environmental Enterprise Incuba-tion EcoVillages Sustainable Food Systems Ecoliteracy Solutions Journal Campus Systems Model Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    Villages Sustainable Food Systems Ecoliteracy Solutions Journal Campus Systems Model Energy Conservation, Efficiency1 Campus Sustainability Planetary Health Ecological Design Social and Environmental Enterprise Incuba- tion EcoVillages Sustainable Food Systems Ecoliteracy Solutions Journal Campus Systems Model

  3. California Food Processing Industry Wastewater Demonstration Project: Phase I Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Glen

    2010-01-01

    D. Salinity Impacts on Electricity Demand and Use iv List ofintensive process and electricity demand is especially highthe utilities’ summer peak electricity demand periods. This

  4. California Food Processing Industry Wastewater Demonstration Project: Phase I Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Glen

    2010-01-01

    and Automated Demand Response in Wastewater TreatmentProcessing Industry Demand Response Participation: A Scopingand Open Automated Demand Response. Lawrence Berkeley

  5. California Food Processing Industry Wastewater Demonstration Project: Phase I Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Glen

    2010-01-01

    Figure 1. Energy Efficiency, Peak Load Management, and DRresponse, daily peak load management, and environmentaldemand management, daily peak load management, automation,

  6. Enthalpy restoration in geothermal energy processing system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Matthews, Hugh B. (Boylston, MA)

    1983-01-01

    A geothermal deep well energy extraction system is provided of the general type in which solute-bearing hot water is pumped to the earth's surface from a relatively low temperature geothermal source by transferring thermal energy from the hot water to a working fluid for driving a primary turbine-motor and a primary electrical generator at the earth's surface. The superheated expanded exhaust from the primary turbine motor is conducted to a bubble tank where it bubbles through a layer of sub-cooled working fluid that has been condensed. The superheat and latent heat from the expanded exhaust of the turbine transfers thermal energy to the sub-cooled condensate. The desuperheated exhaust is then conducted to the condenser where it is condensed and sub-cooled, whereupon it is conducted back to the bubble tank via a barometric storage tank. The novel condensing process of this invention makes it possible to exploit geothermal sources which might otherwise be non-exploitable.

  7. Land-Use Analysis of Croplands for Sustainable Food and Energy Production in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zumkehr, Andrew Lee

    2013-01-01

    of electricity production and consumption near the edges ofin localizing food production and consumption to reduceof localizing food production and consumption at the county

  8. Online Modeling in the Process Industry for Energy Optimization 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, J.

    1988-01-01

    "This paper discusses how steady state models are being used in the process industry to perform online energy optimization of steam and electrical systems. It presents process demands commonly found in the processing industry in terms of steam...

  9. Manure to Energy: Understanding Processes, Principles and Jargon 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    2006-11-30

    The increasing demand for energy and the high costs of oil and natural gas have emphasized the need for consumers to seek alternative energy resources. This publication explains the processes for converting manure to energy....

  10. Flexible Distributed Energy and Water from Waste for the Food and Beverage Industry

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Waste-to-value is a promising and comprehensive wastewater processing solution being pursued by GE that recovers valuable energy and purified water from the abundant wastewater generated and...

  11. carleton.ca Food Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, Jeff W.

    carleton.ca Food Science and Nutrition #12;The production and distribution of food is one on the effective processing, storage and handling of food. The field of food science integrates and applies, process, package and distribute foods that are nutritious, affordable, desirable and safe to eat

  12. Developing Best Practices for Small and Very Small Pork Processing Plants to Improve Food Safety 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hendricks, Matthew Benton

    2013-05-10

    Best practices have previously been developed for beef slaughter and further processing operations with input from academic and industry leaders. Best practices for pork processors have not been developed, and those developed ...

  13. Meta-food-chains as a many-layer epidemic process on networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barter, Edmund

    2015-01-01

    Notable recent works have focused on the multi-layer properties of coevolving diseases. We point out that very similar systems play an important role in population ecology. Specifically we study a meta food-web model that was recently proposed by Pillai et al. This model describes a network of species connected by feeding interactions, which spread over a network of spatial patches. Focusing on the essential case, where the network of feeding interactions is a chain, we develop an analytical approach for the computation of the degree distributions of colonized spatial patches for the different species in the chain. This framework allows us to address ecologically relevant questions. Considering configuration model ensembles of spatial networks, we find that there is an upper bound for the fraction of patches that a given species can occupy, which depends only on the networks mean degree. For a given mean degree there is then an optimal degree distribution that comes closest to the upper bound. Notably scale-f...

  14. Common Patterns of Energy Flow and Biomass Distribution on Weighted Food Webs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jiang

    2012-01-01

    Weights of edges and nodes on food webs which are available from the empirical data hide much information about energy flows and biomass distributions in ecosystem. We define a set of variables related to weights for each species $i$, including the throughflow $T_i$, the total biomass $X_i$, and the dissipated flow $D_i$ (output to the environment) to uncover the following common patterns in 19 empirical weighted food webs: (1) DGBD distributions (Discrete version of a Generalized Beta Distribution), a kind of deformed Zipf's law, of energy flow and storage biomass; (2) The allometric scaling law $T_i\\propto X_i^{\\alpha}$, which can be viewed as the counterpart of the Kleiber's 3/4 law at the population level; (3) The dissipation law $D_i\\propto T_i^{\\beta}$; and (4) The gravity law, including univariate version $f_{ij}\\propto (T_iT_j)^{\\gamma}$ and bivariate approvement $f_{ij}\\propto T_i^{\\gamma_1}T_j^{\\gamma_2}$. These patterns are very common and significant in all collected webs, as a result, some remark...

  15. Flexible Distributed Energy & Water from Waste for the Food & Beverage Industry- Presentation by GE Global Research, June 2011

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation on Flexible Distributed Energy & Water from Waste for the Food & Beverage Industry, given by Aditya Kumar of GE Global Research, at the U.S. DOE Industrial Distributed Energy Portfolio Review Meeting in Washington, D.C. on June 1-2, 2011.

  16. Evaluation of low cost cathode materials for treatment of industrial and food processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    performance in terms of biogas production, current density, and TCOD removal. Overall, the wastewater compo higher biogas production rates (0.8e1.8 m3 /m3 -d), and COD removal rates (1.8e2.8 kg-COD/m3 -d) than Accepted 20 November 2012 Available online 20 December 2012 Keywords: MEC Energy recovery Methanol

  17. Energy Technical Assistance: Industrial Processes Program 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClure, J. D.

    1980-01-01

    The Energy Technical Assistance Division of Texas Engineering Extension Service (TEEX) has implemented an energy conservation program to assist small industry in using energy more efficiently. This full time service, an outgrowth of the Texas A...

  18. On the Effect of Processing Energy on Multiple Access Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Lizhong

    calculations. In [1], we have discussed the impact of processing energy on the capacity of a single user cost, which we have denoted by . We let E be the total energy available to the transmitter paying too much overhead owing to the processing energy cost, sending more bursty signals would result

  19. Flexible Distributed Energy & Water from Waste for Food and Beverage Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shi, Ruijie

    2013-12-30

    Food and beverage plants inherently consume a large quantity of water and generate a high volume of wastewater rich in organic content. On one hand, water discharge regulations are getting more stringent over the time, necessitating the use of different technologies to reduce the amount of wastewater and improve the effluent water quality. On the other hand, growing energy and water costs are driving the plants to extract and reuse valuable energy and water from the wastewater stream. An integrated waste-tovalue system uses a combination of anaerobic digester (AD), reciprocating gas engine/boiler, membrane bioreactor (MBR), and reverse osmosis (RO) to recover valuable energy as heat and/or electricity as well as purify the water for reuse. While individual anaerobic digestion and membrane bioreactors are being used in increasing numbers, there is a growing need to integrate them together in a waste-to-value system for enhanced energy and water recovery. However, currently operation of these systems relies heavily on the plant operator to perform periodic sampling and off-line lab analysis to monitor the system performance, detect any abnormal condition due to variations in the wastewater and decide on appropriate remedial action needed. This leads to a conservative design and operation of these systems to avoid any potential upsets that can destabilize the system.

  20. A reverse osmosis treatment process for produced water: optimization, process control, and renewable energy application 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mareth, Brett

    2009-06-02

    resources (wind and solar) are analyzed as potential power sources for the process, and an overview of reverse osmosis membrane fouling is presented. A computer model of the process was created using a dynamic simulator, Aspen Dynamics, to determine energy...

  1. Practical Energy Savings and New Process Control Options for Parts Washing and Cleaning Processes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGinness, M.

    2002-01-01

    Substantial potential energy savings exist for many parts washing and cleaning processes in use today. Energy usage is frequently the largest single variable cost involved in parts washing and cleaning operations. Several control parameters...

  2. ROSE Process Offers Energy Savings for Solvent Extraction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gearheart, J. A.; Nelson, S. R.

    1983-01-01

    Kerr-McGee has developed and commercialized an energy-efficient solvent extraction process known as ROSE (Residuum Oil Supercritical Extraction) in which the extraction solvent is recovered as a supercritical fluid. The energy requirement...

  3. Energy Efficiency Post-2011 Review Scoping Document and Process...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    please let BPA know in your submitted comments. I. Overview and Timeline The "Energy Efficiency Post-2011 Review" (Review) is a public process to review and consider improvements...

  4. Instrumentation and control for fossil-energy processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-09-01

    The 1982 symposium on instrumentation and control for fossil energy processes was held June 7 through 9, 1982, at Adam's Mark Hotel, Houston, Texas. It was sponsored by the US Department of Energy, Office of Fossil Energy; Argonne National Laboratory; and the Society for Control and Instrumentation of Energy Processes. Fifty-two papers have been entered individually into EDB and ERA; eleven papers had been entered previously from other sources. (LTN)

  5. Image Processing Occupancy Sensor - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation CurrentHenry Bellamy, Ph.D.FoodHydropower,PrincipalIdaho NationalA

  6. Energy Efficiency in Process Plant Utilities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aggarwal, S.

    2001-01-01

    This article highlights some aspects of utility systems design and operations for energy efficiency. After years of relative stability, the energy costs have risen substantially. Electricity rates vary by the hour and in ...

  7. Energy Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining Processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2006-10-01

    The petroleum refining energy bandwidth report analyzes the most energy-intensive unit operations used in U.S. refineries: crude oil distillation, fluid catalytic cracking, catalytic hydrotreating, catalytic reforming, and alkylation. The "bandwidth" provides a snapshot of the energy losses that can potentially be recovered through best practices and technology R&D.

  8. Available Energy Calculations for Process Engineers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, A. L.

    1982-01-01

    techniques is called variously available energy, availabili ty, exergy, essergy, or lost work analysis (4, 6, 7, 11, and 23). These analyses are all based on the idea that a simple enthalpy balance, based solely on the first law of thermodynamics, does.... The methodologies mentioned all use a combined statement of the first and second laws to relate various forms of energy (mechanical, thermal, chemical, etc.) to a common basis so that energy flows may be compared and thermodynamic losses isolated. The driving...

  9. Methods and Process Stewardship | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Plans (AOP). PMCO also manages the governance and Change Control Board processes, tools, support and our online resource center, PM Central. Goals and Priorities Enhance the...

  10. Clean Energy Works Portland Pilot Process Evaluation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This is a document from Research Into Action Inc., posted to the website of the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program.

  11. Scale variability of water, land, and energy resource interactions and their influence on the food system in Uganda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukuve, Feriha Mugisha; Fenner, Richard A.

    2015-08-04

    hand, and policies to spur economic growth on the other such as increased energy production (hydropower and biofuels) and industrialisation, which may conflict with the overarching food security objective. Crucially however, policies to address... competition between water-use for agricultural purposes versus hydropower production to meet energy objectives. McCartney & Girma (2012) investigated the trade- offs between hydropower production and irrigation water use for the Nile’s riparian countries...

  12. Energy conservation and cost benefits in the dairy processing industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    1982-01-01

    Guidance is given on measuring energy consumption in the plant and pinpointing areas where energy-conservation activities can return the most favorable economics. General energy-conservation techniques applicable to most or all segments of the dairy processing industry, including the fluid milk segment, are emphasized. These general techniques include waste heat recovery, improvements in electric motor efficiency, added insulation, refrigeration improvements, upgrading of evaporators, and increases in boiler efficiency. Specific examples are given in which these techniques are applied to dairy processing plants. The potential for energy savings by cogeneration of process steam and electricity in the dairy industry is also discussed. Process changes primarily applicable to specific milk products which have resulted in significant energy cost savings at some facilities or which promise significant contributions in the future are examined. A summary checklist of plant housekeeping measures for energy conservation and guidelines for economic evaluation of conservation alternatives are provided. (MHR)

  13. Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masanet, Eric

    2008-01-01

    efficiency actions, develop an energy management plan forE. Worrell (1995). Clean Energy Technologies: A PreliminarySingh, R.P. (1986a). Energy Accounting in Food Canning

  14. Improving Energy and Process Efficiencies: A Case Study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spriggs, H. D.; Smith, W. R.

    1996-01-01

    AND PROCESS EFFICIENCIES A CASE STUDY H. D. Spriggs, Ph.D., President, Matrix 2000, Leesburg, VA 22075 ABSTRACT Industrial companies and their energy suppliers have an opportunity to work together in new ways for their mutual benefit. Accomplishing... improvements. The payoff for industry is substantially reduced costs, improved process designs, increased energy efficiencies, and a reduction in emissions. The energy suppliers establish new relationship with their customers, help them to be more...

  15. Radioactivity and food

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olszyna-Marzys, A.E. (Laboratorio Unificado de Control de Alimentos y Medicamentos (LUCAM) (Guatemala))

    1990-03-01

    Two topics relating to radioactivity and food are discussed: food irradiation for preservation purposes, and food contamination from radioactive substances. Food irradiation involves the use of electromagnetic energy (x and gamma rays) emitted by radioactive substances or produced by machine in order to destroy the insects and microorganisms present and prevent germination. The sanitary and economic advantages of treating food in this way are discussed. Numerous studies have confirmed that under strictly controlled conditions no undesirable changes take place in food that has been irradiated nor is radioactivity induced. Reference is made to the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power station, which aroused public concern about irradiated food. The events surrounding the accident are reviewed, and its consequences with regard to contamination of different foods with radioactive substances, particularly iodine-131 and cesium-137, are described. Also discussed are the steps that have been taken by different international organizations to set limits on acceptable radioactivity in food.15 references.

  16. Mathematical modeling and computer simulation of processes in energy systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanjalic, K.C. )

    1990-01-01

    This book is divided into the following chapters. Modeling techniques and tools (fundamental concepts of modeling); 2. Fluid flow, heat and mass transfer, chemical reactions, and combustion; 3. Processes in energy equipment and plant components (boilers, steam and gas turbines, IC engines, heat exchangers, pumps and compressors, nuclear reactors, steam generators and separators, energy transport equipment, energy convertors, etc.); 4. New thermal energy conversion technologies (MHD, coal gasification and liquefaction fluidized-bed combustion, pulse-combustors, multistage combustion, etc.); 5. Combined cycles and plants, cogeneration; 6. Dynamics of energy systems and their components; 7. Integrated approach to energy systems modeling, and 8. Application of modeling in energy expert systems.

  17. Energy Efficient Hybrid Separation Processes Angelo Lucia* and Amit Amale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucia, Angelo

    Energy Efficient Hybrid Separation Processes Angelo Lucia* and Amit Amale Department of Chemical distillation, adsorption/distillation, and others. In this work, the energy efficiency of hybrid separation the target extract compositions for the extractor and lead to the most energy efficient hybrid separations

  18. Optimizing Energy-Efficient Query Processing in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Wang-Chien

    , to collect metadata from sensor nodes to the query optimizer (i.e. the AP) requires an energy overhead1 Optimizing Energy-Efficient Query Processing in Wireless Sensor Networks Ross Rosemark Wang of energy-efficient query optimization for wireless sensor networks. Different from existing query

  19. NORDIC HYDROGEN ENERGY FORESIGHT CHALLENGES OF MANAGING THE INTERACTIVE PROCESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 NORDIC HYDROGEN ENERGY FORESIGHT ­ CHALLENGES OF MANAGING THE INTERACTIVE PROCESS Annele Eerola the managerial challenges of the Nordic Hydrogen Energy Foresight, a joint effort of the five Nordic countries for successful introduction of hydrogen energy. Development of Nordic networks to gain the required critical mass

  20. CHP for Food Processing

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Develop World-Class Talent Nourish Consumers with a Range of Products In support of the Environment Plank.....Killingly CHP Project Solar Centaur 50 4.6 MW Natural Gas Turbine...

  1. High Energy Vision: Processing X-rays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DePasquale, Joseph; Edmonds, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Astronomy is by nature a visual science. The high quality imagery produced by the world's observatories can be a key to effectively engaging with the public and helping to inspire the next generation of scientists. Creating compelling astronomical imagery can, however, be particularly challenging in the non-optical wavelength regimes. In the case of X-ray astronomy, where the amount of light available to create an image is severely limited, it is necessary to employ sophisticated image processing algorithms to translate light beyond human vision into imagery that is aesthetically pleasing while still being scientifically accurate. This paper provides a brief overview of the history of X-ray astronomy leading to the deployment of NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory, followed by an examination of the specific challenges posed by processing X-ray imagery. The authors then explore image processing techniques used to mitigate such processing challenges in order to create effective public imagery for X-ray astronomy. ...

  2. Integrated Biorefinery Process | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergy HeadquartersFuelBConservationEnergy5975-01 REPORT ONInstitutionalIntegrated

  3. Freeze Crystallization: Improving the Energy Efficiency of a Low-Energy Separation Process 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heist, J. A.

    1981-01-01

    for that process. Freeze crystallization is a high energy efficiency separation process that can be applied to a wide variety of industrial requirements. It is demonstrated here that membrane processes are the only separation technology that can approach freezing...

  4. Quantum Processes and Energy-Momentum Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. J. Hiley; D. Robson

    2014-11-28

    In this paper we focus on energy flows in simple quantum systems. This is achieved by concentrating on the quantum Hamilton-Jacobi equation. We show how this equation appears in the standard quantum formalism in essentially three different but related ways, from the standard Schr\\"{o}dingier equation, from Lagrangian field theory and from the von Neumann-Moyal algebra. This equation allows us to track the energy flow using the energy-momentum tensor, the components of which are related to weak values of the four-momentum operator. This opens up a new way to explore these components empirically. The algebraic approach enables us to discuss the physical significance of the underlying non-commutative symplectic geometry, raising questions as to the structure of particles in quantum systems.

  5. NNMCAB Processes and Procedures | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAand DOEDepartment of Energy009At This2015-04TheMercuryJanuary 29,

  6. Advanced Material Development, Processing and Characterization - Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsicloudden DocumentationAccommodationsRegister /AdvancedenzymeEnergy

  7. Identity Proofing Process | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof Energy ServicesContractingManagement

  8. Security Review Processing Form | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report AppendicesAVideo » Search resultsEnergyPolicy, Guidance

  9. ATVM APPLICATION PROCESS | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergy Webinar: DemonstrationProgram |to Hold Sixth AnnualPORTAL

  10. An Energy-Efficient Biomedical Signal Processing Platform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwong, Joyce

    This paper presents an energy-efficient processing platform for wearable sensor nodes, designed to support diverse biological signals and algorithms. The platform features a 0.5V-1.0V 16b microcontroller, SRAM, and ...

  11. Energy Efficiency Post-2011 Review Scoping Document and Process...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FINAL: January 7, 2014 1 Energy Efficiency Post-2011 Review Scoping Document and Process Approach NOTE TO READER: The September 16 th version of the scoping document has been...

  12. Energy Efficiency Post-2011 Review Scoping Document and Process...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FINALDRAFT: January 7December 6, 2013, 2014 1 Energy Efficiency Post-2011 Review Scoping Document and Process Approach NOTE TO READER: The September 16 th version of the scoping...

  13. Biodiesel - SSC Process - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura|Bilayer Graphene GetsBiodiesel - SSC Process Idaho

  14. FERC Licensing Processes Matrix | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, AlabamaETEC GmbH JumpEllenville,PowerEvaporative| Open EnergyContractors, and Staff

  15. Headquarters Separation Clearance Process | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPLforLDRD Report11,Security Officer Program |quick reference book

  16. Next Generation Manufacturing Processes | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy AEnergy Managing853926 News en INFOGRAPHIC: How ApplianceMay 29,and

  17. Bio Processing Technology Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC Jump to:Greece:BajoBelpower SrlHydroelectric PowerOleo Jump

  18. Ag Processing Inc AGP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts:Renewable Energy Alliance

  19. American Process Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name:AmbataSkiesPowerNet (Maine)

  20. BioProcess Algae | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental JumpInformationBio-Gas Technologies, LLC Jump to:BioGas Energy

  1. Applied Process Engineering Laboratory | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: EnergyYork Jump| OpenExploration At TheWind Turbine

  2. Security Review Process | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment ofOffice|inWestMay 13,Discussof Energy Pursuant to Section1,

  3. 1703 Process Letter | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment| Department of EnergyDataWindofEDTNancyAssurance OfficeRulemakings

  4. Sandia Energy - Tutorial on FMEA Process

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II)GeothermalFuel MagnetizationTransportation Energy HomeTuesday

  5. Emerging energy-efficient industrial technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2000-01-01

    Heat Recovery and Energy Saving in a Bakery. ” Project No.energy in the baking industry. (Heat recovery without food contamination in a bakery. )”energy-intensive process step was used in another process step. At bakeries,

  6. Reducing Energy Consumption on Process Ovens & Oxidation Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worachek, C.

    2002-01-01

    With the uncertain cost of energy, optimizing the use of air in process dryers, ovens and air pollution control systems is critical to your bottom line. The revived emphasis on air management through the entire process, from plant make-up air...

  7. A Case Study in Developing Process Unit Energy Metrics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, J. L.; Van Atta, B.

    2006-01-01

    At the 2005 IETC Conference, KBC (Davis and Knight) submitted a paper on Integrating Process Unit Energy Metrics into a Plant Energy Managemenet System. For the 2006 conference, KBC wishes to submit a paper that details an actual case study where...

  8. Optimizing Process Loads in Industrial Cogeneration Energy Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahner, D. J.; Babson, P. E.

    1995-01-01

    W OPTIMIZING PROCESS LOADS IN INDUSTRIAL COGENERAnON ENERGY SYSTEMS DJ. Ahner Manager, Generation Technology Power Tecbnologies, Inc. Schenectady, New York ABSTRACT Optimum dispatcb of energy supply systems can result in large savings... and industrial cogeneration are extended to solving this trigeneration problem where the optimum dispatch of the final load devices (i.e. compressors, fans, pumps, etc.) are an integral part of the total energy system optimization. An example industrial...

  9. MECS 2006- Food and Beverage

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Food and Beverage (NAICS 311, 312) Sector with Total Energy Input, October 2012 (MECS 2006)

  10. Energy-Intensive Processes Portfolio: Addressing Key Energy Challenges

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n cEnergyNatural GasDepartment of EnergyJanuaryResidentialKansasAcross

  11. India Water Week 2012 Water, Energy and Food Security : Call for Solutions, 10-14 April 2012, New Delhi ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, C.P.

    India Water Week 2012 ­ Water, Energy and Food Security : Call for Solutions, 10-14 April 2012, New in terms of the mean and its variability over a certain time-span and a certain area" and a statistically

  12. Energy-Intensive Processes Portfolio: Addressing Key Energy Challenges Across U.S. Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2011-03-07

    AMO is developing advanced technologies that cut energy use and carbon emissions in some of the most energy-intensive processes within U.S. manufacturing. The brochure describes the AMO R&D projects that address these challenges.

  13. Vaginal mesh grafts and the Food and Drug Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostergard, Donald R.

    2010-01-01

    and the Food and Drug Administration Donald R. Ostergardthe food and drug administration's (FDA) 510(k) process of

  14. Thermal energy storage : a key technology for the food cold chain Denis Leducq(a), P. Schalbart(a), F. Trinquet(a), G. Alvarez(a), B. Verlinden(b),P.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ID: 123 Thermal energy storage : a key technology for the food cold chain Denis Leducq(a), P and intermittent renewable energy sources, energy storage, and more specifically thermal energy storage is one of thermal energy storage devices, is also an important factor of food quality and security enhancement

  15. Land-Use Analysis of Croplands for Sustainable Food and Energy Production in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zumkehr, Andrew Lee

    2013-01-01

    1.2. Potential biomass, energy content, and liquid fuel1.2. Potential biomass, energy content, and liquid fuelcroplands. Potential primary energy content and liquid fuel

  16. Land-Use Analysis of Croplands for Sustainable Food and Energy Production in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zumkehr, Andrew Lee

    2013-01-01

    to include other types of renewable energy sources such asrenewable energy sources into the energy portfolio, the next step would be to incorporate other types

  17. Land-Use Analysis of Croplands for Sustainable Food and Energy Production in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zumkehr, Andrew Lee

    2013-01-01

    low seasonal variability of wind energy, it follows thatseasonal storage by the wind energy scenario is low relativethe analysis. I find that wind energy production is a better

  18. Land-Use Analysis of Croplands for Sustainable Food and Energy Production in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zumkehr, Andrew Lee

    2013-01-01

    low seasonal variability of wind energy, it follows thatthe analysis. I find that wind energy production is a betterseasonal storage by the wind energy scenario is low relative

  19. The energy distribution structure and dynamic characteristics of energy release in electrostatic discharge process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Qingming; Zhang, Yunming

    2015-01-01

    The detail structure of energy output and the dynamic characteristics of electric spark discharge process have been studied to calculate the energy of electric spark induced plasma under different discharge condition accurately. A series of electric spark discharge experiments were conducted with the capacitor stored energy in the range of 10J 100J and 1000J respectively. And the resistance of wire, switch and plasma between electrodes were evaluated by different methods. An optimized method for electric resistance evaluation of the full discharge circuit, three poles switch and electric spark induced plasma during the discharge process was put forward. The electric energy consumed by wire, electric switch and electric spark induced plasma between electrodes were obtained by Joules law. The structure of energy distribution and the dynamic process of energy release during the capacitor discharge process have been studied. Experiments results showed that, with the increase of capacitor released energy, the dura...

  20. Land-Use Analysis of Croplands for Sustainable Food and Energy Production in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zumkehr, Andrew Lee

    2013-01-01

    include pumped hydro storage, thermal energy storage,such as hydro-electric and tidal energy, for example. After

  1. ENZYMES AND MICROORGANISMS IN FOOD INDUSTRY WASTE PROCESSING AND CONVERSION TO USEFUL PRODUCTS: A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carroad, P.A.

    2010-01-01

    A. L, 1 Alcohol: a Brazil answer the energy sis. ence, 195:an answer d-j energy cris-j s in Brazil (20). ut retuwl ng

  2. Free energy reconstruction from steered dynamics without post-processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manuel Athènes; Mihai-Cosmin Marinica

    2010-06-30

    Various methods achieving importance sampling in ensembles of nonequilibrium trajectories enable to estimate free energy differences and, by maximum-likelihood post-processing, to reconstruct free energy landscapes. Here, based on Bayes theorem, we propose a more direct method in which a posterior likelihood function is used both to construct the steered dynamics and to infer the contribution to equilibrium of all the sampled states. The method is implemented with two steering schedules. First, using non-autonomous steering, we calculate the migration barrier of the vacancy in Fe-alpha. Second, using an autonomous scheduling related to metadynamics and equivalent to temperature-accelerated molecular dynamics, we accurately reconstruct the two-dimensional free energy landscape of the 38-atom Lennard-Jones cluster as a function of an orientational bond-order parameter and energy, down to the solid-solid structural transition temperature of the cluster and without maximum-likelihood post-processing.

  3. Recoil proton distribution in high energy photoproduction processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Bartos; E. A. Kuraev; Yu. P. Peresunko; E. A. Vinokurov

    2006-11-22

    For high energy linearly polarized photon--proton scattering we have calculated the azimuthal and polar angle distributions in inclusive on recoil proton experimental setup. We have taken into account the production of lepton and pseudoscalar meson charged pairs. The typical values of cross sections are of order of hundreds of picobarn. The size of polarization effects are of order of several percents. The results are generalized for the case of electroproduction processes on the proton at rest and for high energy proton production process on resting proton.

  4. Energy codes and the building design process: Opportunities for improvement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sandahl, L.J.; Shankle, D.L.; Rigler, E.J.

    1994-05-01

    The Energy Policy Act (EPAct), passed by Congress in 1992, requires states to adopt building energy codes for new commercial buildings that meet or exceed the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) and Illuminating Engineers Society of North America (IES) Standard 90.1-1989 by October 24, 1994. In response to EPAct many states will be adopting a state-wide energy code for the first time. Understanding the role of stakeholders in the building design process is key to the successful implementation of these codes. In 1993, the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) conducted a survey of architects and designers to determine how much they know about energy codes, to what extent energy-efficiency concerns influence the design process, and how they convey information about energy-efficient designs and products to their clients. Findings of the PNL survey, together with related information from a survey by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and other reports, are presented in this report. This information may be helpful for state and utility energy program managers and others who will be involved in promoting the adoption and implementation of state energy codes that meet the requirements of EPAct.

  5. Process Integration and Carbon Efficiency Workshop | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy Bills andOrderNATIONALof Energy ProceedingsEnergyProcess Integration

  6. Chemical process safety management within the Department of Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piatt, J.A.

    1995-07-01

    Although the Department of Energy (DOE) is not well known for its chemical processing activities, the DOE does have a variety of chemical processes covered under OSHA`s Rule for Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals (the PSM Standard). DOE, like industry, is obligated to comply with the PSM Standard. The shift in the mission of DOE away from defense programs toward environmental restoration and waste management has affected these newly forming process safety management programs within DOE. This paper describes the progress made in implementing effective process safety management programs required by the PSM Standard and discusses some of the trends that have supported efforts to reduce chemical process risks within the DOE. In June of 1994, a survey of chemicals exceeding OSHA PSM or EPA Risk Management Program threshold quantities (TQs) at DOE sites found that there were 22 processes that utilized toxic or reactive chemicals over TQs; there were 13 processes involving flammable gases and liquids over TQs; and explosives manufacturing occurred at 4 sites. Examination of the survey results showed that 12 of the 22 processes involving toxic chemicals involved the use of chlorine for water treatment systems. The processes involving flammable gases and liquids were located at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve and Naval petroleum Reserve sites.

  7. Energy Facility Licensing Process Developer's Guide | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, AlabamaETEC GmbH JumpEllenville, NewLtd EILEnergy Datadata TypeEnergy

  8. Tribal Energy Project Development Process | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyThe U.S.Laclede GasEfficiency| DepartmentSecurity | DepartmentClean

  9. Energy Loss in Nuclear Drell-Yan Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jian-Jun Yang; Guang-Lie Li

    1998-05-21

    By means of the nuclear parton distributions which can be used to provide a good explanation for the EMC effect in the whole x range, we investigate the energy loss effect in nuclear Drell-Yan process. When the cross section of lepton pair production is considered varying with the center-of-mass energy of the nucleon-nucleon collision, we find that the nuclear Drell-Yan(DY) ratio is suppressed due to the energy loss, which balances the overestimate of the DY ratio only in consideration of the effect of nuclear parton distributions.

  10. Microsoft Word - Biomass Energy Center Final EA 5.4.10.docx

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    658 PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT AND DEMONSTRATION OF A BIOMASS ENERGY CENTER FOR FOOD PROCESSING APPLICATIONS TOPEKA, KANSAS FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY...

  11. GLOBAL OPTIMIZATION OF ENERGY AND PRODUCTION IN PROCESS INDUSTRIES: A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumaier, Arnold

    produces filtered water for consumption in the various mill departments, and so the production rateGLOBAL OPTIMIZATION OF ENERGY AND PRODUCTION IN PROCESS INDUSTRIES: A GENETIC ALGORITHM APPLICATION a genetic algorithm is developed and applied for the optimal assignment of all the production sections

  12. Wave Function Properties in a High Energy Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arjun Berera

    1994-11-14

    A model example is given of how properties of the hadronic light-cone wave function are revealed in a particular high energy process. The meson wave function is derived in scalar quark QCD. We apply it to compute the form of the cross section for lossless diffractive jet-production, an upcoming possiblity at HERA.

  13. Land-Use Analysis of Croplands for Sustainable Food and Energy Production in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zumkehr, Andrew Lee

    2013-01-01

    J. E. ; Lobell, D. B. Biomass energy: the Scale of theJ. E. ; Lobell, D. B. Biomass Energy: the Scale of theTable 1.2. Potential biomass, energy content, and liquid

  14. Land-Use Analysis of Croplands for Sustainable Food and Energy Production in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zumkehr, Andrew Lee

    2013-01-01

    a renewable energy system consisting of wind and solar powerof a renewable energy system based on wind and solar (theHowever, adding solar power to a renewable energy portfolio

  15. Biofuel policy must evaluate environmental, food security and energy goals to maximize net benefits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sexton, Steven E; Rajagapol, Deepak; Hochman, Gal; Zilberman, David D; Roland-Holst, David

    2009-01-01

    en- vironmental and energy-security im- peratives. However,rural development and energy-security objectives, and con-to mit- estation and energy security vary by igate climate

  16. Food Biophysics ISSN 1557-1858

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franzese, Giancarlo

    1 23 Food Biophysics ISSN 1557-1858 Food Biophysics DOI 10.1007/s11483-013-9310-7 Water.springer.com". #12;Food Biophysics DOI 10.1007/s11483-013-9310-7 SPECIAL ISSUE ARTICLE Water at Biological and inorganic interfaces. In fields like food processing, food preservation or bionanotechnology

  17. Land-Use Analysis of Croplands for Sustainable Food and Energy Production in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zumkehr, Andrew Lee

    2013-01-01

    Energy storage is plotted for a) Western electric grid, b)electric grid. 2.5 Discussion Seasonal energy storage is

  18. Land-Use Analysis of Croplands for Sustainable Food and Energy Production in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zumkehr, Andrew Lee

    2013-01-01

    future energy production system that may be based on renewablefuture. Furthermore, this analysis assumes that the magnitude of the renewable energy

  19. Land-Use Analysis of Croplands for Sustainable Food and Energy Production in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zumkehr, Andrew Lee

    2013-01-01

    future energy production system that may be based on renewablefuture. Furthermore, this analysis assumes that the magnitude of the renewable energy production (

  20. Land-Use Analysis of Croplands for Sustainable Food and Energy Production in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zumkehr, Andrew Lee

    2013-01-01

    part analysis of energy and sustainability related topicsChair Energy security and environmental sustainability areenergy system by mitigating the effects of intermittent power production. However, the sustainability

  1. The New York State Agricultural Experiment Station on the Geneva, NY campus dominated regional news this month with announcements of funding for the New York State Food Venture Center, new pioneering food processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angenent, Lars T.

    The New York State Agricultural Experiment Station on the Geneva, NY campus dominated regional news this month with announcements of funding for the New York State Food Venture Center, new pioneering food"that the state will put $7 million toward The NewYork State FoodVenture Center at the NewYork State Agricultural

  2. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Processing and Manufacturing Equipment, CustomOthers pending approval, Other EE, Food Service Equipment, Pool Pumps, Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Enterprise Energy...

  3. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Mgmt. SystemsBuilding Controls, Building Insulation, Windows, Processing and Manufacturing Equipment, CustomOthers pending approval, Other EE, Food Service Equipment...

  4. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    VFDs, Processing and Manufacturing Equipment, CustomOthers pending approval, Other EE, Food Service Equipment, Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Alternative and Clean Energy...

  5. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Processing and Manufacturing Equipment, CustomOthers pending approval, Other EE, Food Service Equipment, Tankless Water Heater Energy Conservation Tax Credits-...

  6. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    VFDs, Processing and Manufacturing Equipment, CustomOthers pending approval, Other EE, Food Service Equipment, Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Business Energy Conservation...

  7. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Boilers, Steam-system upgrades, Processing and Manufacturing Equipment, Other EE, Food Service Equipment Business Energy Conservation Loan Program The Vermont Business...

  8. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Motors, Processing and Manufacturing Equipment, CustomOthers pending approval, Other EE, Food Service Equipment, Pool Pumps, Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Business Energy...

  9. The Role of Emerging Technologies in Improving Energy Efficiency: Examples from the Food Processing Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lung, Robert Bruce; Masanet, Eric; McKane, Aimee

    2006-01-01

    Pasteurisation Options for Breweries, Canberra, Australia.manufacturing in the dairy, brewery, and fruit juice

  10. The Role of Emerging Technologies in Improving Energy Efficiency: Examples from the Food Processing Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lung, Robert Bruce; Masanet, Eric; McKane, Aimee

    2006-01-01

    of Fossil Fuels for Electricity Generation by Type of Powerspecific fuel mixes for electricity generation (39) based onfossil fuel intensity of electricity generation Regional

  11. Employee In-Processing Forms | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPL EnergyPlus,DepartmentFederal RegisterEditable PDF in-processing forms

  12. Employee In-Processing Forms | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPL EnergyPlus,DepartmentFederal RegisterEditable PDF in-processing

  13. Innovation for Food Retail: The 50% Advanced Energy Design Guide for Grocery Stores

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Find the presentation for the June 3, 2015 webinar on the 50% Advanced Energy Design Guide for Grocery Stores.

  14. Campus Cafeteria Serves As Sustainable Model for Energy-Efficient Food Service (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Septon, K.

    2013-10-01

    This is a general fact sheet about the energy efficiency and sustainability features of the NREL Cafe.

  15. Process Heating: A Special Supplement to Energy Matters

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Value-Added Product Areas * Steel * Automotive Parts * Gypsum * Glass * Appliances * Foundry * Basic Chemicals * Speciality Steels * Paint * Ores and Minerals * Food * Computer...

  16. FOOD SYSTEM PLANNING FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    justice, conservation and renewable energy options, integrated resource planning, and technology with an overview of the efficiency and environmental benefits associated local food systems. The Center for Energy of Delaware Center for Energy & Environmental Policy University of Delaware February 2011 #12;Mailing Address

  17. Occurrence Reporting and Processing System | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyApril 2014Department ofWindOPENOccurrence Reporting and Processing

  18. Food Redistribution as Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phillips, Caleb; Higbee, Becky

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we study the simultaneous problems of food waste and hunger in the context of the possible solution of food (waste) rescue and redistribution. To this end, we develop an empirical model that can be used in Monte Carlo simulations to study the dynamics of the underlying problem. Our model's parameters are derived from a unique data set provided by a large food bank and food rescue organization in north central Colorado. We find that food supply is a non-parametric heavy-tailed process that is well-modeled with an extreme value peaks-over-threshold model. Although the underlying process is stochastic, the basic approach of food rescue and redistribution appears to be feasible both at small and large scales. The ultimate efficacy of this model is intimately tied to the rate at which food expires and hence the ability to preserve and quickly transport and redistribute food. The cost of the redistribution is tied to the number and density of participating suppliers, and costs can be reduced (and supp...

  19. 3232 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 62, NO. 12, JUNE 15, 2014 Optimal Energy Allocation for Energy Harvesting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulukus, Sennur

    Allocation for Energy Harvesting Transmitters With Hybrid Energy Storage and Processing Cost Omur Ozel3232 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 62, NO. 12, JUNE 15, 2014 Optimal Energy transmission with an energy har- vesting transmitter that has hybrid energy storage with a perfect super

  20. Process evaluation of the Regional Biomass Energy Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilson, C.R.; Brown, M.A.; Perlack, R.D.

    1994-03-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) established the Regional Biomass Energy Program (RBEP) in 1983 to increase the production and use of biomass energy resources. Through the creation of five regional program (the Great Lakes, Northeast, Pacific Northwest, Southeast, and West), the RBEP focuses on regionally specific needs and opportunities. In 1992, Oak Ridge National (ORNL) conducted a process evaluation of the RBEP Program designed to document and explain the development of the goals and strategies of the five regional programs; describe the economic and market context surrounding commercialization of bioenergy systems; assess the criteria used to select projects; describe experiences with cost sharing; identify program accomplishments in the transfer of information and technology; and offer recommendations for program improvement.

  1. The effects of thermal processing on properties of fundamental food polymers in commercial Asian and experimental sorghum noodles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leach, Michelle R

    2013-02-22

    Processing variables of 100% sorghum noodles were evaluated. A dough was made, extruded to create noodles then dried. Structural, physical, and cooking characteristics of the experimental sorghum noodles, as well as thin ...

  2. Food Environments Near Home and School Related to Consumption of Soda and Fast Food

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babey, Susan H; Wolstein, Joelle; Diamant, Allison L

    2011-01-01

    AM, Popkin BM. Trends in food locations and sources amongBM. Patterns and trends in food portion sizes, 1977-1998.Ludwig DS. Effects of fast-food consumption on energy intake

  3. Example process hazard analysis of a Department of Energy water chlorination process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-09-01

    On February 24, 1992, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) released a revised version of Section 29 Code of Federal Regulations CFR Part 1910 that added Section 1910.119, entitled ``Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals`` (the PSM Rule). Because US Department of Energy (DOE) Orders 5480.4 and 5483.1A prescribe OSHA 29 CFR 1910 as a standard in DOE, the PSM Rule is mandatory in the DOE complex. A major element in the PSM Rule is the process hazard analysis (PrHA), which is required for all chemical processes covered by the PSM Rule. The PrHA element of the PSM Rule requires the selection and application of appropriate hazard analysis methods to systematically identify hazards and potential accident scenarios associated with processes involving highly hazardous chemicals (HHCs). The analysis in this report is an example PrHA performed to meet the requirements of the PSM Rule. The PrHA method used in this example is the hazard and operability (HAZOP) study, and the process studied is the new Hanford 300-Area Water Treatment Facility chlorination process, which is currently in the design stage. The HAZOP study was conducted on May 18--21, 1993, by a team from the Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC), Battelle-Columbus, the DOE, and Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). The chlorination process was chosen as the example process because it is common to many DOE sites, and because quantities of chlorine at those sites generally exceed the OSHA threshold quantities (TQs).

  4. Plantwide Energy Assessment of a Sugarcane Farming and Processing Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jakeway, L.A.; Turn, S.Q.; Keffer, V.I.; Kinoshita, C.M.

    2006-02-27

    A plantwide energy assessment was performed at Hawaiian Commercial & Sugar Co., an integrated sugarcane farming and processing facility on the island of Maui in the State of Hawaii. There were four main tasks performed for the plantwide energy assessment: 1) pump energy assessment in both field and factory operations, 2) steam generation assessment in the power production operations, 3) steam distribution assessment in the sugar manufacturing operation, and 4) electric power distribution assessment of the company system grid. The energy savings identified in each of these tasks were summarized in terms of fuel savings, electricity savings, or opportunity revenue that potentially exists mostly from increased electric power sales to the local electric utility. The results of this investigation revealed eight energy saving projects that can be implemented at HC&S. These eight projects were determined to have potential for $1.5 million in annual fuel savings or 22,337 MWh equivalent annual electricity savings. Most of the savings were derived from pump efficiency improvements and steam efficiency improvements both in generation and distribution. If all the energy saving projects were implemented and the energy savings were realized as less fuel consumed, there would be corresponding reductions in regulated air pollutants and carbon dioxide emissions from supplemental coal fuel. As HC&S is already a significant user of renewable biomass fuel for its operations, the projected reductions in air pollutants and emissions will not be as great compared to using only coal fuel for example. A classification of implementation priority into operations was performed for the identified energy saving projects based on payback period and ease of implementation.

  5. Land-Use Analysis of Croplands for Sustainable Food and Energy Production in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zumkehr, Andrew Lee

    2013-01-01

    and solar power by meeting seasonal energy storage needsthe seasonal storage requirements of a 100% solar productionor 50% solar and 50% wind. The initial storage value is an

  6. Flexible Distributed Energy and Water from Waste for the Food and Beverage Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-02-01

    This factsheet describes a research project whose goal is to develop a systematic model-based predictive monitoring and supervisory control solution for the early detection of abnormal process variations and potential upsets in a waste-to-value wastewater processing system.

  7. Advanced Reactors Thermal Energy Transport for Process Industries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    P. Sabharwall; S.J. Yoon; M.G. McKellar; C. Stoots; George Griffith

    2014-07-01

    The operation temperature of advanced nuclear reactors is generally higher than commercial light water reactors and thermal energy from advanced nuclear reactor can be used for various purposes such as liquid fuel production, district heating, desalination, hydrogen production, and other process heat applications, etc. Some of the major technology challenges that must be overcome before the advanced reactors could be licensed on the reactor side are qualification of next generation of nuclear fuel, materials that can withstand higher temperature, improvement in power cycle thermal efficiency by going to combined cycles, SCO2 cycles, successful demonstration of advanced compact heat exchangers in the prototypical conditions, and from the process side application the challenge is to transport the thermal energy from the reactor to the process plant with maximum efficiency (i.e., with minimum temperature drop). The main focus of this study is on doing a parametric study of efficient heat transport system, with different coolants (mainly, water, He, and molten salts) to determine maximum possible distance that can be achieved.

  8. Land-Use Analysis of Croplands for Sustainable Food and Energy Production in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zumkehr, Andrew Lee

    2013-01-01

    Figure 2.2. Seasonal electricity storage requirement. FigureFigure 2.2. Seasonal electricity storage requirement for the2.3. Annual electricity energy storage requirements and

  9. The MIT EPPA6 Model: Economic Growth, Energy Use, and Food Consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Y.-H.H.

    The MIT Economic Projection and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model has been broadly applied on energy and climate policy analyses. In this paper, we provide an updated version of the model based on the most recent global economic ...

  10. A Novel Flash Ironmaking Process | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    A Novel Flash Ironmaking Process A Novel Flash Ironmaking Process flashironmakingprocessfactsheet.pdf More Documents & Publications Ironmaking Process Alternatives Screening...

  11. High-energy Emission Processes in M 87

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Jong, S; Soldi, S; Tramacere, A; Gros, A

    2015-01-01

    We study the contribution of thermal and non-thermal processes to the inverse Compton emission of the radio galaxy M 87 by modelling its broad-band emission. Through this we aim to derive insight into where within the AGN the X-ray, gamma-ray, and VHE emission is produced. We have analysed all available INTEGRAL IBIS/ISGRI data on M 87, spanning almost 10 years, to set an upper limit to the average hard X-ray flux of $f(20 - 60 \\rm \\, keV) energy distri...

  12. Interannual variability in the Northern California Current food web structure: Changes in energy flow pathways and the role of forage fish, euphausiids, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Andrew

    Interannual variability in the Northern California Current food web structure: Changes in energy. Thomas e , Thomas C. Wainwright b a Cooperative Institute for Marine Resources Studies, Oregon State University, Hatfield Marine Science Center, 2030 Marine Science Dr., Newport, OR 97365, USA b NOAA Northwest

  13. EM Makes Strong Showing in Federal Food Drive | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPL EnergyPlus, LLCConfidentiality Agreement between the USTheSee

  14. Montana State University 1 Sustainable Food &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Montana State University 1 Sustainable Food & Bioenergy Systems This program is a unique, processing, distribution, and utilization of food and bioenergy. The degree focuses on ecologically sound, socially just, and economically viable farming methods, food and health, and related food and bioenergy

  15. Energy Loss Effect in High Energy Nuclear Drell-Yan Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chun-Gui Duan; Li-Hua Song; Li-Juan Huo; Guang-Lie Li

    2004-05-13

    The energy loss effect in nuclear matter, which is another nuclear effect apart from the nuclear effect on the parton distribution as in deep inelastic scattering process, can be measured best by the nuclear dependence of the high energy nuclear Drell-Yan process. By means of the nuclear parton distribution studied only with lepton deep inelastic scattering experimental data, measured Drell-Yan production cross sections for 800GeV proton incident on a variety of nuclear targets are analyzed within Glauber framework which takes into account energy loss of the beam proton. It is shown that the theoretical results with considering the energy loss effect are in good agreement with the FNAL E866.

  16. Whole Building Efficiency for Whole Foods: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deru, M.; Doebber, I.; Hirsch, A.

    2013-02-01

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory partnered with Whole Foods Market under the Commercial Building Partnership (CBP) program to design and implement a new store in Raleigh, North Carolina. The result was a design with a predicted energy savings of 40% over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2004, and 25% energy savings over their standard design. Measured performance of the as-built building showed that the building did not achieve the predicted performance. A detailed review of the project several months after opening revealed a series of several items in construction and controls items that were not implemented properly and were not fully corrected in the commissioning process.

  17. Energy Efficient Process Heating: Insulation and Thermal Mass Kevin Carpenter and Kelly Kissock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissock, Kelly

    1 Energy Efficient Process Heating: Insulation and Thermal Mass Kevin Carpenter and Kelly Kissock tanks and reducing thermal mass. A companion paper, Energy Efficiency Process Heating: Managing Air Flow of the oven/furnace. Reducing the quantity of energy lost to thermal mass in a process heating system saves

  18. Energy Efficient Process Heating: Managing Air Flow Kevin Carpenter and Kelly Kissock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissock, Kelly

    Energy Efficient Process Heating: Managing Air Flow Kevin Carpenter and Kelly Kissock Department important aspect to consider when attempting to improve the energy efficiency of most process heating. Infiltration air enters the system through openings in the system shell. For energy- efficient process heating

  19. Rethinking Query Processing for Energy Efficiency: Slowing Down to Win the Race

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, Jignesh

    Rethinking Query Processing for Energy Efficiency: Slowing Down to Win the Race Willis Lang of an energy efficiency metric along with traditional performance metrics. This change is fueled by the growing, real, and urgent demand for energy-efficient database processing. Database query processing engines

  20. Flexible Distributed Energy and Water from Waste for the Food and Beverage

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015Executive Order14,EnergyFinancingWIPPFixed Monthly1Industry - Fact

  1. Linking Transformational Materials and Processing for an Energy-Efficient and Low-Carbon Economy, 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hunt, Warren H.; Brindle, Ross; James, Mallory; Justiniano, Mauricio; Sabouni, Ridah; Seader, Melanie; Ruch, Jennifer; Andres, Howard; Zafar, Muhammad

    2010-06-01

    The Energy Materials Blue Ribbon Panel, representing experts from industry, academia, and government, identifies new materials and processing breakthroughs that could lead to transformational advances in energy efficiency, energy security, and carbon reduction.

  2. The Low Power Energy Aware Processing (LEAP) Embedded Networked Sensor System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dustin McIntire; Kei Ho; Bernie Yip; Amarjeet Singh; Winston Wu; William J. Kaiser

    2005-01-01

    of Power Consumption in Energy- Aware Operating Systems”,Power Energy Aware Processing (LEAP) Embedded Networked Sensor Systempower and high F. Design Approach: Energy Monitoring and Management Development and deployment of ENS systems

  3. Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for hot food holding cabinets, which are covered by the ENERGY STAR program.

  4. Multiscale modeling of spatially variable water and energy balance processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Famiglietti, JS; Wood, EF

    1994-01-01

    MULTISCALE WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE MODELING Wood, E. F. ,MULTISCALE WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE MODELING cess runoff,models of water and energy balance, Ph.D. dissertation,

  5. Overall Energy Considerations for Algae Species Comparison and Selection in Algae-to-Fuels Processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Link, D.; Kail, B.; Curtis, W.; Tuerk,A.

    2011-01-01

    The controlled growth of microalgae as a feedstock for alternative transportation fuel continues to receive much attention. Microalgae have the characteristics of rapid growth rate, high oil (lipid) content, and ability to be grown in unconventional scenarios. Algae have also been touted as beneficial for CO{sub 2} reuse, as algae can be grown using CO{sub 2} emissions from fossil-based energy generation. Moreover, algae does not compete in the food chain, lessening the 'food versus fuel' debate. Most often, it is assumed that either rapid production rate or high oii content should be the primary factor in algae selection for algae-to-fuels production systems. However, many important characteristics of algae growth and lipid production must be considered for species selection, growth condition, and scale-up. Under light limited, high density, photoautotrophic conditions, the inherent growth rate of an organism does not affect biomass productivity, carbon fixation rate, and energy fixation rate. However, the oil productivity is organism dependent, due to physiological differences in how the organisms allocate captured photons for growth and oil production and due to the differing conditions under which organisms accumulate oils. Therefore, many different factors must be considered when assessing the overall energy efficiency of fuel production for a given algae species. Two species, Chlorella vulgaris and Botryococcus braunii, are popular choices when discussing algae-to-fuels systems. Chlorella is a very robust species, often outcompeting other species in mixed-culture systems, and produces a lipid that is composed primarily of free fatty acids and glycerides. Botryococcus is regarded as a slower growing species, and the lipid that it produces is characterized by high hydrocarbon content, primarily C28-C34 botryococcenes. The difference in growth rates is often considered to be an advantage oiChlorella. However, the total energy captured by each algal species in the same photobioreactor system should be similar at light limited growth conditions based on photon flux. It is how the algae 'allocate' this energy captured that will vary: Data will be presented that shows that Botryococcus invests greater energy in oil production than Chlorella under these growth conditions. In essence, the Chlorella can grow 'fast and lean' or can be slowed to grow 'slow and fat'. The overall energy potential between the Chlorella and Botryococcus, then, becomes much more equivalent on a per-photon basis. This work will indicate an interesting relationship between two very different algae species, in terms of growth rate, lipid content and composition, and energy efficiency of the overall process. The presentation will indicate that in light-limited growth, it cannot be assumed that either rapid growth rate or lipid production rate can be used as stand-alone indicators of which species-lipid relationships will truly be more effective in algae-to-fuels scenarios.

  6. GRADUATE STUDY IN FOOD SCIENCE AT UC DAVIS Approved by the Graduate Council May 14, 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullrich, Paul

    proteins and postmortem breakdown of meat proteins; chemistry of flavors and aromas of foods and alcoholic; process control; genetic engineering of microbes important in food processing; freezing processes

  7. OECD-A Green Growth Strategy for Food and Agriculture | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg, Oregon: EnergyNongqishiCleanAlincaUKInformation OECD-A

  8. Cooking with Processed Cheese 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anding, Jenna

    2008-12-09

    This fact sheet describes the nutritional value and safe storage of processed cheese, a commodity food. It also offers food preparation ideas.

  9. Carbon Footprinting for the Food Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

    174-1 Carbon Footprinting for the Food Industry Tim Bowser FAPC Food Process Engineer FAPC-174 and Natural Resources Carbon footprinting in the food industry is an activity that determines the greenhouse footprint for their processing facility and products. The importance of establishing a carbon footprint

  10. www.biosciencemag.org March 2010 / Vol. 60 No. 3 Process-based Principles for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olden, Julian D.

    and sediment transport, storage and routing of water,plant growth and successional processes,input of nutrients and thermal energy, and nutrient cycling in the aquatic food web. Process-based restoration, then, focuses seasons when irrigation an

  11. Centre for Process Integration 2012 From Energy to Capital and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahrendt, Wolfgang

    - Maintain product quality #12;1. Energy and Capital Cost Targets #12;Capital Energy Trade-Offs The correct setting for Tmin is economic. T H 2 Tmin2 T 1 H Tmin1 COST Total Capital OPT 1 2 Energy Tmin #12;We can set energy cost targets as a function of Tmin. Energy Cost Tmin #12;But what about capital cost

  12. Design for Process Integration and Efficient Energy Utilization 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, A. J.

    1982-01-01

    Today's energy availability and pricing structure has focused attention upon those design techniques which result in an improvement in the level of energy utilisation. Energy integration is one such technique, where this refers to the matching...

  13. GreenHadoop: Leveraging Green Energy in Data-Processing Frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bianchini, Ricardo

    GreenHadoop: Leveraging Green Energy in Data-Processing Frameworks ´I~nigo Goiri Dept. of Computer that energy demand and supply must be matched, if we are to take full advantage of the green en- ergy workload to match the green energy supply. In particular, we consider data-processing frameworks, in which

  14. TruePeak Process Laser Analyzer | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    In-Situ Sensors Provide Real-Time Measurements Enabling Better Control and Process Optimization Current chemical process controls use few in-situ sensors, relying instead on...

  15. Quality Guidelines for Energy System Studies Process Modeling...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Company Ron Schoff, Electric Power Research Institute Robert D. Brasington, C12 Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Office of Program Performance and Benefits 6 May...

  16. Integrating Food Production and Biodiversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with food, and NPK fluxes at farm level. The biofuels were crude rapeseed oil, horse draft, ethanol from a combination of a workhorse and a crude rapeseed oil-fuelled tractor. Ethanol from wheat had the largest impactIntegrating Food Production and Biodiversity Energy and Scale Issues in Implementation Kristina

  17. Collection Policy: FOOD SCIENCE Subject Scope | Priority Tables | Other policies . . .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angenent, Lars T.

    Chemistry 3. Food Microbiology 4. Food Engineering 5. Dairy Science 6. Food Processing Waste Technology 7Collection Policy: FOOD SCIENCE Subject Scope | Priority Tables | Other policies . . . 1.0 TEACHING, RESEARCH AND EXTENSION PROGRAMS 1.1 Mission and emphases of the department Food Science activity at Cornell

  18. Using the Biphase Turbine to Generate Useful Energy from Process Streams 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helgeson, N. L.; Studhalter, W. R.

    1981-01-01

    industrial process streams is being pursued by Biphase Energy Systems. This paper identifies specific industrial process streams from which power recoveries of up to two MW can be obtained. In current practice, this power is dissipated across two phase flash...

  19. A Practical Approach to Process Analysis and Improvement for Energy Conservation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shiroko, K.; Umeda, T.

    1980-01-01

    A practical approach to process analysis and improvement for energy conservation has been developed by establishing the required technical basis, which arises from the first and the second laws of thermodynamics. As the tool for process analysis...

  20. Development of a method for recording energy costs and uses during the construction process 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Althea Gayle

    2009-05-15

    consumption during the construction process, sets forth methods for recording this energy consumption and establishes a program for the recording and analysis of this data. An energy study of electricity, gasoline, and diesel consumption was made...

  1. Towards Energy and Resource Efficient Manufacturing: A Processes and Systems Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    a potential for global energy consumption reduction inenergy consumption represent 14%, 7%, and 27% of the globalEnergy Consumption Analysis in Assembly Processes and Equip- ment. 9th Global

  2. Assessment of energy requirements in proven and new copper processes. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pitt, C.H.; Wadsworth, M.E.

    1980-12-31

    Energy requirements are presented for thirteen pyrometallurgical and eight hydrometallurgical processes for the production of copper. Front end processing, mining, mineral processing, gas cleaning, and acid plant as well as mass balances are included. Conventional reverberatory smelting is used as a basis for comparison. Recommendations for needed process research in copper production are presented.

  3. Energy Materials and Processes, An EMSL Science Theme Advisory Panel Workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burk, Linda H.

    2014-12-16

    The report summarizes discussions at the Energy Materials and Process EMSL Science Theme Advisory Panel Workshop held July 7-8, 2014.

  4. Proceedings of the 1981 symposium on instrumentation and control for fossil-energy processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-01-01

    The 1981 symposium on instrumentation and control for fossil-energy processes was held June 8-10, 1981, at the Sheraton-Palace Hotel, San Francisco, California. It was sponsored by the US Department of Energy; Office of Fossil Energy; Argonne National Laboratory; and the Society for Control and Instrumentation of Energy Processes. Sixty-seven articles from the proceedings have been entered individually into EDB and ERA; thirteen articles had been entered previously from other sources. (LTN)

  5. Energy Efficiency Post-2011 Review Scoping Document and Process...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    sales after 2011, whether at Tier 1 or Tier 2 rates. BPA continued to treat energy efficiency as a resource and define its goals in terms of megawatts of energy efficiency...

  6. Power processing and active protection for photovoltaic energy extraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Arthur Hsu Chen

    2015-01-01

    Solar photovoltaic power generation is a promising clean and renewable energy technology that can draw upon the planet's most abundant power source - the sun. However, relatively high levelized cost of energy (LCOE), the ...

  7. Public engagement initiative on food and drink

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    .g. Gut flora E.g. Minimising food waste Global Context Growing, farming and Harvesting ProcessingPublic engagement initiative on food and drink #12;The Wellcome Trust is a global charitable initiative on food and drink 2 #12;We support the brightest minds in biomedical research and the medical

  8. File:07HIBRenewableEnergyFacilitySitingProcessREFSP.pdf | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1ORDExplorationInjectionPermit (1).pdfInformation HIBRenewableEnergyFacilitySitingProcessREFSP.pdf Jump

  9. UNSTRUCTURED MARINE FOOD WEBS AND "POLLUTANT ANALOGUES"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by using real data. Let us first assume that in a food web each transfer of organic material (or energyUNSTRUCTURED MARINE FOOD WEBS AND "POLLUTANT ANALOGUES" JOHN D. ISAACS' ABSTRACT The several envi- ronments. The concentration factor found in the known and describable food chain of the Salton

  10. Energy Assessment Process for Generic Multistory Atrium Types 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Degelman, L. O.; Boyer, L. L.

    1987-01-01

    -7. 3. Boyer, L.L. 1981. "Evaluation of Energy Savings Due to Daylighting", Proc. International Passive and Hybrid Cooling Conf., Miami Beach, Amer. Sect. Intl. Solar Energy Soc., Nov., pp. 343-347. 4. Boyer, L.L. and Degelman, L.O. 1985....L. 1986, "Multiple Validation of Annual Energy Savings Analysis Techniques for Preliminary Daylighting Design", Proc. 2nd Inter- national Daylighting Design", Proc. 2nd Inter- national Daylighting Conf., Long Beach, CA, Nov., pp. 125-30. 6. Degelman...

  11. Energy, water and process technologies integration for the simultaneous production of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    the yields, reduce the consumption of utilities in the production process, while using a raw material1 Energy, water and process technologies integration for the simultaneous production of ethanol only 18 MW of energy, 51 MW of cooling and 2 gal/gal of freshwater, for an ethanol production cost of 1

  12. CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Leuven, May 31 Electrical Energy Requirements for Manufacturing Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutowski, Timothy

    Department of Mechanical Engineering Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 Abstract into a single plot. The analysis is cast in an exergy framework. The results show: 1) the specific energy. Keywords Energy, Exergy, Manufacturing Processes 1 INTRODUCTION Manufacturing processes include a wide

  13. Quantum Jarzynski equalities for the energy costs of the information processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yohei Morikuni; Hiroyasu Tajima

    2013-12-20

    We present quantum versions of the Jarzynski equality for the energy costs of information processes, namely the measurement and the information erasure. We also obtain inequalities for the energy costs of the information processes, using the Jensen inequality. The inequalities include Sagawa and Ueda's inequalities [Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 250602 (2009)] as a special case.

  14. Process Heating Assessment and Survey Tool | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    methods to improve thermal efficiency of heating equipment. This tool helps industrial users survey process heating equipment that consumes fuel, steam, or electricity,...

  15. High Temperature BOP and Fuel Processing | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    11-12, 2011. High Temperature BOP and Fuel Processing More Documents & Publications Biogas Impurities and Cleanup for Fuel Cells Fuel Quality Issues in Stationary Fuel Cell...

  16. Title 18 CFR 5 Integrated License Application Process | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013)Open EnergyTinox Jump to:, ChapterEnergyEnergy8

  17. DOE Announces $26 Million to Develop Energy Efficient Processes...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    industry partners for the eight awards described below: Energy Reduction and Advanced Water Removal via Membrane Solvent Extraction Technology for an estimated 5,613,965: 3M...

  18. Save Energy Now in Your Process Heating Systems; Industrial Technologi...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    allow at least part of this energy to be reused. Along with making sure that burners and other combustion equipment are operating at peak efficiency, reducing heat losses...

  19. Optimization of Energy Transfer Processes in Photosynthetic Systems...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    theory is used to examine the interplay of quantum coherence, dynamic noise, and static disorder in efficient energy transfer. The symmetry and network connectivity reveal...

  20. Industrial Energy Conservation by New Process Design and Efficiency Improvements 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kusik, C. L.; Stickles, R. P.; Machacek, R. F.

    1983-01-01

    Industrial energy productivity has increased substantially over the last decade. Such measures as implementing efficient housekeeping practices and using retrofit equipment on currently operating production units have ...

  1. Energy Savings Performance Contract ENABLE Process for Federal...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    tools and contract templates to ensure consistency and project replication Qualified energy service companies Extensive project assistance and technical support from FEMP experts...

  2. Energy Conservation R. D. & D. Programs in High Temperature Processes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheneman, R. L.

    1979-01-01

    of energy is actually required to produce the product. This broad sweeping statement covers many sins and many virtues. The blast furnace, for example, is the largest user of energy per net ton of steel produced and operates at approximately 67...

  3. Energy 32 (2007) 335343 Minimizing the entropy production in a chemical process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kjelstrup, Signe

    2007-01-01

    Energy 32 (2007) 335­343 Minimizing the entropy production in a chemical process Ranheim, Norway Received 2 November 2005 Abstract We minimize the total entropy production of a process of selected units, which minimized the total entropy production of the process, were found. The most important

  4. Theory of Point Processes and Some Basic Notions in Energy Level Statistics #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theory of Point Processes and Some Basic Notions in Energy Level Statistics # Nariyuki MINAMI@sakura.cc.tsukuba.ac.jp Abstract Although it is not explicitly stated in physics literature, energy level statistics is based upon. In this survey article, we present a purely phenomenological view of energy level statistics based on the theory

  5. Wind-Energy based Path Planning For Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Using Markov Decision Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Ryan N.

    Wind-Energy based Path Planning For Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Using Markov Decision Processes Wesam H. Al-Sabban, Luis F. Gonzalez and Ryan N. Smith Abstract-- Exploiting wind-energy is one possible way to extend the flight duration of an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle. Wind-energy can also be used

  6. Energy-efficient Model Inference in Wireless Sensing: Asymmetric Data Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy-efficient Model Inference in Wireless Sensing: Asymmetric Data Processing Paul G. Flikkema, wireless communication is responsible for the majority of sen- sor node energy use, so data compression to the need to conserve deployment costs, including energy provisioning. These effects include data

  7. Unpublished Manuscript Using Energy Efficiency to Make Sense Out of Neural Information Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levy, William B.

    #12;Unpublished Manuscript 1 Using Energy Efficiency to Make Sense Out of Neural Information of considering information processing and information transmission in the context of energy efficiency quantified and considered by entropies alone, are made sensible by also considering the energy efficiency

  8. PROCESS DESIGN AND CONTROL Efficient Conversion of Thermal Energy into Hydrogen: Comparing Two Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kjelstrup, Signe

    PROCESS DESIGN AND CONTROL Efficient Conversion of Thermal Energy into Hydrogen: Comparing Two for the production of hydrogen from water and high temperature thermal energy are presented and compared. Increasing for the production of hydrogen from water has received considerable attention.1 High temperature thermal energy

  9. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING 1 Energy-Efficient Quantization and Resource

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marques, Antonio Garcia

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING 1 Energy-Efficient Quantization and Resource Allocation approaches. Index Terms-- Convex optimization, quantization, power con- trol and energy efficiency, resource and Georgios B. Giannakis, Fellow, IEEE Abstract-- We deal with energy efficient time-division multiple access

  10. Active Energy-Aware Management of Business-Process Based Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Steffen

    Active Energy-Aware Management of Business-Process Based Applications Position Paper Danilo Ardagna Elettronica e Informazione, Italy lastname@elet.polimi.it Abstract. Energy management is becoming a priority in the design and operation of complex service-based information systems, as the energy costs

  11. Proceedings of the 1980 symposium on instrumentation and control for fossil energy processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doering, R.W. (comp.)

    1980-01-01

    The 1980 symposium on Instrumentation and Control for Fossil Energy Processes was held June 9-11, 1980, New Cavalier, Virginia Beach, Virginia. It was sponsored by the Argonne National Laboratory and the US Department of Energy, Office of Fossil Energy. Forty-five papers have been entered individually into EDB and ERA; nine papers had been entered previously from other sources. (LTN)

  12. Roadmap for Process Heating Technology | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAandSummary From: v2.7|EnergyandEnergy| Department

  13. Production of degradable polymers from food-waste streams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsai, S.P.: Coleman, R.D.; Bonsignore, P.V.; Moon, S.H.

    1992-07-01

    In the United States, billions of pounds of cheese whey permeate and approximately 10 billion pounds of potatoes processed each year are typically discarded or sold as cattle feed at $3{endash}6/ton; moreover, the transportation required for these means of disposal can be expensive. As a potential solution to this economic and environmental problem, Argonne National Laboratory is developing technology that: Biologically converts existing food-processing waste streams into lactic acid and uses lactic acid for making environmentally safe, degradable polylactic acid (PLA) and modified PLA plastics and coatings. An Argonne process for biologically converting high-carbohydrate food waste will not only help to solve a waste problem for the food industry, but will also save energy and be economically attractive. Although the initial substrate for Argonne`s process development is potato by-product, the process can be adapted to convert other food wastes, as well as corn starch, to lactic acid. Proprietary technology for biologically converting greater than 90% of the starch in potato wastes to glucose has been developed. Glucose and other products of starch hydrolysis are subsequently fermented by bacteria that produce lactic acid. The lactic acid is recovered, concentrated, and further purified to a polymer-grade product.

  14. Production of degradable polymers from food-waste streams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsai, S.P.: Coleman, R.D.; Bonsignore, P.V.; Moon, S.H.

    1992-01-01

    In the United States, billions of pounds of cheese whey permeate and approximately 10 billion pounds of potatoes processed each year are typically discarded or sold as cattle feed at $3{endash}6/ton; moreover, the transportation required for these means of disposal can be expensive. As a potential solution to this economic and environmental problem, Argonne National Laboratory is developing technology that: Biologically converts existing food-processing waste streams into lactic acid and uses lactic acid for making environmentally safe, degradable polylactic acid (PLA) and modified PLA plastics and coatings. An Argonne process for biologically converting high-carbohydrate food waste will not only help to solve a waste problem for the food industry, but will also save energy and be economically attractive. Although the initial substrate for Argonne's process development is potato by-product, the process can be adapted to convert other food wastes, as well as corn starch, to lactic acid. Proprietary technology for biologically converting greater than 90% of the starch in potato wastes to glucose has been developed. Glucose and other products of starch hydrolysis are subsequently fermented by bacteria that produce lactic acid. The lactic acid is recovered, concentrated, and further purified to a polymer-grade product.

  15. Energy Savings Potential of Process Control Valve Replacement 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holzenthal, L. Jr.

    1994-01-01

    A review of current design methods for industrial process control systems that utilize modulated control valves as their final element is presented. The infornUltion that is available is then used to find the theoretic ...

  16. Department of Energy Wins Award for Excellence in Business Process...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Washington D.C. --- U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced that the online portal designed by the Loan Programs Office received the 2010 Gold Award from the North America...

  17. Energy-efficient system design for mobile processing platforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rithe, Rahul (Rahulkumar Jagdish)

    2014-01-01

    Portable electronics has fueled the rich emergence of multimedia applications that have led to the exponential growth in content creation and consumption. New energy-efficient integrated circuits and systems are necessary ...

  18. Process Integration: Designing for Energy, Capital and Operability 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linnhoff, B.

    1985-01-01

    Over the last five years, significant energy savings have been achieved by several international companies using the pinch concept for heat integration. New concepts are now being added to help the designer deal with capital cost minimization...

  19. Promising Areas for Energy Efficiency in Industrial Process 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph, B.

    2009-01-01

    . Plastics fabrication has several sub groups like Injection Molding, Blow Molding, Extrusion, etc. With the introduction of servo motor driven Injection Molding Machines in the 90’s, commonly called “All Electrics”, energy efficiency has greatly improved...

  20. Pika Energy Develops Innovative Manufacturing Process and Lowers...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CIP is to help U.S. manufacturers that produce distributed wind systems to lower the cost of energy from their turbines and increase their market competitiveness. By focusing on...

  1. Introduction to the Boiler MACT Energy Assessment Process 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theising, T. R.

    2014-01-01

    and JJJJJJ - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers at Area Sources (also known as the Boiler GACT – Generally Available Control Technology), the energy assessment...

  2. Energy Performance Contracting for Texas: The Collaborative Process 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huff, H.; Matthews, J.

    1998-01-01

    energy savings report is then sent to the Owner. The M&V guideline document also includes a number of M&V option descriptions developed for the International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol (IPMVP). Options modeled on the IPMVP...

  3. Streamlined Permitting Process for Renewable Energy Resources in Nevada |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) JumpandStereoNewCreek FormationStratovolcanoOpen Energy

  4. Process Development for Nanostructured Photovoltaics | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy Bills andOrderNATIONALof Energy Proceedings ofEnergy

  5. Differing Professional Opinions (DPO) Process | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department8,Department of Energy2 DOE|Energy, Highlights

  6. Paducah WDA CERCLA Process & Public Involvement | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested PartiesBuilding energy codes havePUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONPaducah

  7. Protocol, Appraisal Process Guide - April 2008 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested PartiesBuildingBudget || Department of EnergyNo.Implementation ofProtocol,

  8. PROCESSING INVITATIONS FOR A PRESIDENTIAL APPOINTEE | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested PartiesBuilding energy codes have a PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT:

  9. ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining Processes |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergy HeadquartersFuelBConservation Standards and TestEquipment: EnergyITC

  10. Pika Energy Develops Innovative Manufacturing Process and Lowers Production

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyAprilEnergyPartnership forHydrogen Storage » Physical

  11. Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Masanet, Eric; Masanet, Eric; Worrell, Ernst; Graus, Wina; Galitsky, Christina

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. fruit and vegetable processing industry--defined in this Energy Guide as facilities engaged in the canning, freezing, and drying or dehydrating of fruits and vegetables--consumes over $800 million worth of purchased fuels and electricity per year. Energy efficiency improvement isan important way to reduce these costs and to increase predictable earnings, especially in times of high energy price volatility. There are a variety of opportunities available at individual plants in the U.S. fruit and vegetable processing industry to reduce energy consumption in a cost-effective manner. This Energy Guide discusses energy efficiency practices and energy-efficient technologies that can be implemented at the component, process, facility, and organizational levels. A discussion of the trends, structure, and energy consumption characteristics of the U.S. fruit and vegetable processing industry is provided along with a description of the major process technologies used within the industry. Next, a wide variety of energy efficiency measures applicable to fruit and vegetable processing plants are described. Many measure descriptions include expected savings in energy and energy-related costs, based on case study data from real-world applications in fruit and vegetable processing facilities and related industries worldwide. Typical measure payback periods and references to further information in the technical literature are also provided, when available. Given the importance of water in fruit and vegetable processing, a summary of basic, proven measures for improving plant-level water efficiency are also provided. The information in this Energy Guide is intended to help energy and plant managers in the U.S. fruit and vegetable processing industry reduce energy and water consumption in a cost-effective manner while maintaining the quality of products manufactured. Further research on the economics of all measures--as well as on their applicability to different production practices--is needed to assess their cost effectiveness at individual plants.

  12. Energy Efficient Computing with the Low Power, Energy Aware Processing (LEAP) Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntire, Dustin Hale

    2012-01-01

    for Profil- ing the Energy Usage of Mobile Applications. ”,which reduce average energy usage while not interrupting thealgorithm’s execution energy usage. Our first benchmark

  13. Energy Efficient Computing with the Low Power, Energy Aware Processing (LEAP) Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntire, Dustin Hale

    2012-01-01

    of peak power and energy efficiency across various systemof power consumption in energy- aware operating systems.assisted power management, and system level energy

  14. File:08CADCAISOQueueClusterProcess.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1ORDExplorationInjectionPermitORDExpeditedPlantCommissioningProcess.pdf08CADCAISOQueueClusterProcess.pdf Jump

  15. Title 32 CFR 211 Mission Compatibility Process | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013)Open EnergyTinox Jump to:,11 ProtectionInformation

  16. Stage 1: Organizing the LEDS Process | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) Jump to:SpillDavid,Energy InformationStage 1:

  17. Department of Energy Wins Award for Excellence in Business Process

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electricLaboratoryof Energy Eleven sites to beMAYDepartment

  18. November 8, 1983: Defense Waste Processing Facility | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy AEnergy Managing853926 News enDepartment of Energy InDC. |November

  19. Energy Savings Performance Contracting (ESPC)-The ESPC Process |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n cEnergyNatural Gas |Tool for<StateSarahownersAdvantages |

  20. Industrial Steam System Process-Control Schemes | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nA Guide toIMPROVEMENT OFBarriers to Industrial EnergyThe Thomas F.basic

  1. Coatings and Process Development for Reduced Energy Automotive OEM Manufacturing

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p aDepartment of Energyof the CleanClient educationCoalbedFurar, PPG

  2. Energy Efficiency Post-2011 Review Scoping Document and Process Approach

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansasCommunities Energy EfficiencyModularEfficiency: Beyond the 1 EnergyFINAL:

  3. PASI 2011: Process Modeling and Optimization for Energy and Sustainability Mineral Process Design for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    environmental and social impact, but keeping profitable operations. · These challenges must be addressed:D:, Giurco D., Green S., 2009, Incorporating sustainable development in the design of mineral processing the environmental impact, both in per tonne of product and on total amount of emissions and reduction. #12

  4. Using an Energy Performance Based Design-Build Process to Procure a Large Scale Low-Energy Building: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pless, S.; Torcellini, P.; Shelton, D.

    2011-05-01

    This paper will review a procurement, acquisition, and contract process of a large-scale replicable net zero energy (ZEB) office building. The owners developed and implemented an energy performance based design-build process to procure a 220,000 ft2 office building with contractual requirements to meet demand side energy and LEED goals. We will outline the key procurement steps needed to ensure achievement of our energy efficiency and ZEB goals. The development of a clear and comprehensive Request for Proposals (RFP) that includes specific and measurable energy use intensity goals is critical to ensure energy goals are met in a cost effective manner. The RFP includes a contractual requirement to meet an absolute demand side energy use requirement of 25 kBtu/ft2, with specific calculation methods on what loads are included, how to normalize the energy goal based on increased space efficiency and data center allocation, specific plug loads and schedules, and calculation details on how to account for energy used from the campus hot and chilled water supply. Additional advantages of integrating energy requirements into this procurement process include leveraging the voluntary incentive program, which is a financial incentive based on how well the owner feels the design-build team is meeting the RFP goals.

  5. Process Control on Workplace Level - User Comfort Energy Optimalization 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verhaart, J.; Zeiler, W.; Boxem, G.

    2013-01-01

    nano grid, connected to a micro-grid on building level and eventually to a Smart grid. This way, comfort demand is matched directly to energy supply in a multi-agent system, making the most effective use of available resources. The article provides...

  6. Department of Energy- Voluntary Protection Program Contract Transition Process

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The purpose of the Department of Energy (DOE) Voluntary Protection Program (VPP) is to recognize and promote excellence in contractor occupational health and safety programs. These programs, composed of management systems for preventing and controlling occupational hazards, not only ensure that DOE Orders are met, but go beyond requirements to provide the best feasible health and safety protection at the site

  7. Environment News Service for the latest environmental news, current issues, climate, water, food, forests, species, energy, education. RSS feed. | | | | |Home About News Index Services My Account Events | Search February 2, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Environment News Service for the latest environmental news, current issues, climate, water, food, forests, species, energy, education. RSS feed. | | | | |Home About News Index Services My Account Events Kingdom and the United States at the beginning of the year. The core topics for the G8 meeting are energy

  8. File:09IDAStateEnvironmentalProcess.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New Pages Recent Changes All SpecialIDAStateEnvironmentalProcess.pdf Jump to: navigation,

  9. Commissioning Process for Federal Facilities | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12Power,5 BUDGETUCivilConsortium Commercialization andProcess for

  10. Process for Procuring a Federal Energy Savings Performance Contract |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing Tool Fits theCommitteeCrystallineReserve |Demonstration Project andDepartmentProcess

  11. Washington 401 Water Quality Certification JARPA Process | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  12. Process for producing carbon foams for energy storage devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kaschmitter, James L. (Pleasanton, CA); Mayer, Steven T. (San Leandro, CA); Pekala, Richard W. (Pleasant Hill, CA)

    1998-01-01

    A high energy density capacitor incorporating a variety of carbon foam electrodes is described. The foams, derived from the pyrolysis of resorcinol-formaldehyde and related polymers, are high density (0.1 g/cc-1.0 g/cc) electrically conductive and have high surface areas (400 m.sup.2 /g-1000 m.sup.2 /g). Capacitances on the order of several tens of farad per gram of electrode are achieved.

  13. Process for producing carbon foams for energy storage devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kaschmitter, J.L.; Mayer, S.T.; Pekala, R.W.

    1998-08-04

    A high energy density capacitor incorporating a variety of carbon foam electrodes is described. The foams, derived from the pyrolysis of resorcinol-formaldehyde and related polymers, are high density (0.1 g/cc--1.0 g/cc) electrically conductive and have high surface areas (400 m{sup 2}/g--1,000 m{sup 2}/g). Capacitances on the order of several tens of farad per gram of electrode are achieved. 9 figs.

  14. SiC Processing AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  15. Building America Research-to-Market Process | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

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  16. Security Metricsfor Process Control Systems | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

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  17. Web Project Process and Approvals | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

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  18. Advanced Process Engineering Co-Simulator (APECS) | Open Energy Information

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  19. DOE Requests Information to Improve Energy Efficiency Enforcement Process |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

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  20. Federal ESPC Process Phase 1: Acquisition Planning | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

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  1. Financing Program Implementation Process Flow | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

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  2. Safety and Security Enforcement Process Overview | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

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  3. Process for Transition of Responsibilities | Department of Energy

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  4. The Appraisal Process: Be Your Own Advocate | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

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  5. Equal Employment Opportunity Intake Process | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

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  6. K-25 Gaseous Diffusion Process Building | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

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  7. Microwave and Beam Activation of Nanostructured Catalysts for Environmentally Friendly, Energy Efficient Heavy Crude Oil Processing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-03-01

    This factsheet describes a study whose goal is initial evaluation and development of energy efficient processes which take advantage of the benefits offered by nanostructured catalysts which can be activated by microwave, RF, or radiation beams.

  8. Computers and Chemical Engineering 26 (2002) 5979 Energy efficient water utilization systems in process plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savelski, Mariano J.

    2002-01-01

    a primary concern in most industrial sites. Wastewater treatment has al- ways focused on end deliver wastewater, which may contain several contaminants. Therefore, wastewater treatment constitutes. Keywords: Water utilization networks; Process plants; Energy minimization; Wastewater minimization

  9. Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Dairy Processing Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brush, Adrian

    2012-01-01

    Pumps, and Fans website at: http://www1.eere.energy.gov/industry/industry/bestpractices/software.html URL: Pump Systemprocessing industry to drive process motors, fans, pumps and

  10. Novel Approaches to Conserve Energy in Textile Processing Through The Use Of Supercritical Fluids 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, M.; Sikorski, M.

    1994-01-01

    The most energy intensive operation in textile processing, accounting for almost sixty percent of the industry wide consumption, is drying. Drying is prevalent because water is the carrier for dye, size, and other finishes. ...

  11. The Use of Simulation Techniques for Improving Energy Consumption of Industrial Processes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gourlia, J. P.; Jamen, R.

    1984-01-01

    the physical meaning of available energy function (or exergy) and we show how graphical representations are helpful for the interpretation for the exergy analysis. The study of a crude oil pipestill allows us to identify the irreversibilities of the process...

  12. Innovative Energy-Saving Process Earns Jefferson Lab Team a 2007...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Innovative Energy-Saving Process Earns Jefferson Lab Team a 2007 White House Award June 12, 2007 Group The Jefferson Lab engineers who received a White House Closing the Circle...

  13. Quantity Food Production Instructor: Jim Vernere Teaching Assistant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Kuang-Yu

    knowledge and empathy of the responsibilities and duties of the food production manager and gain skill food is cooked and stored. 2. Develop further knowledge of the factors which affect food composition, preservation, processing, and service. 4. Understand principles of food service safety and accident prevention

  14. Final Technical Report - Autothermal Styrene Manufacturing Process with Net Export of Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trubac, Robert , E.; Lin, Feng; Ghosh, Ruma: Greene, Marvin

    2011-11-29

    The overall objectives of the project were to: (a) develop an economically competitive processing technology for styrene monomer (SM) that would reduce process energy requirements by a minimum 25% relative to those of conventional technology while achieving a minimum 10% ROI; and (b) advance the technology towards commercial readiness. This technology is referred to as OMT (Oxymethylation of Toluene). The unique energy savings feature of the OMT technology would be replacement of the conventional benzene and ethylene feedstocks with toluene, methane in natural gas and air or oxygen, the latter of which have much lower specific energy of production values. As an oxidative technology, OMT is a net energy exporter rather than a net energy consumer like the conventional ethylbenzene/styrene (EB/SM) process. OMT plants would ultimately reduce the cost of styrene monomer which in turn will decrease the costs of polystyrene making it perhaps more cost competitive with competing polymers such as polypropylene.

  15. File:04AKAStateExplorationProcess.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  16. File:04COAStateExplorationProcess.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  17. File:04IDAStateExplorationProcess.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  18. Process for Fabrication of Efficient Solar Cells - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  19. Processing Iron Pyrite Nanocrystals for Use in Solar Cells - Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  20. The SulFerox process | Open Energy Information

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  1. Site Transition Process Upon Cleanup Completion | Department of Energy

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  2. The top 50 commodity chemicals: Impact of catalytic process limitations on energy, environment, and economics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tonkovich, A.L.Y.; Gerber, M.A.

    1995-08-01

    The production processes for the top 50 U.S. commodity chemicals waste energy, generate unwanted byproducts, and require more than a stoichiometric amount of feedstocks. Pacific Northwest Laboratory has quantified this impact on energy, environment, and economics for the catalytically produced commodity chemicals. An excess of 0.83 quads of energy per year in combined process and feedstock energy is required. The major component, approximately 54%, results from low per-pass yields and the subsequent separation and recycle of unreacted feedstocks. Furthermore, the production processes, either directly or through downstream waste treatment steps, release more than 20 billion pounds of carbon dioxide per year to the environment. The cost of the wasted feedstock exceeds 2 billion dollars per year. Process limitations resulting from unselective catalysis and unfavorable reaction thermodynamic constraints are the major contributors to this waste. Advanced process concepts that address these problems in an integrated manner are needed to improve process efficiency, which would reduce energy and raw material consumption, and the generation of unwanted byproducts. Many commodity chemicals are used to produce large volume polymer products. Of the energy and feedstock wasted during the production of the commodity chemicals, nearly one-third and one-half, respectively, represents chemicals used as polymer precursors. Approximately 38% of the carbon dioxide emissions are generated producing polymer feedstocks.

  3. Sustainable Transport and Climate Process | Open Energy Information

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  4. TERA Application and Review Process Flowchart | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  5. Priority Permit Processing for Green Buildings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  6. Using Waste Heat for External Processes | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  7. Innovative Materials Processing Technologies Ltd IMPT | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  8. Innovative Process and Materials Technologies | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  9. Process Technology Group of Warwick School of Engineering | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  10. Sustainable Transport and Climate Process | Open Energy Information

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  11. Applied Process Engineering Laborotory APEL | Open Energy Information

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  12. Advanced Process Engineering Co-Simulator (APECS) | Open Energy Information

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  13. EECBG SEP Attachment 1 - Process metric list | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  14. GeoVision Process Chart | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  15. Institutional Change Process for Sustainability | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  16. K-25 Gaseous Diffusion Process Building | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  17. Microsoft Word - Energy Department Initiates Recertification Process for WIPP

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  18. Application Content and Evaluation Criteria/Process | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  19. Application Content and Evaluation Criteria/Process | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  20. Communications Product Review Process and Approvals | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  1. DOE Announces Changes to the Energy Conservation Standards Process |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  2. CERCLA Process and Stakeholder Education | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  3. The National Environmental Policy Act process | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  4. A Novel Flash Ironmaking Process | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  5. Recommendations for the Supplement Analysis Process | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested PartiesBuildingBudget ||DepartmentReadoutReview of Lessons LearnedN E P

  6. K Basins Sludge Treatment Process | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties - WAPA Public CommentInverted Attic9: HSS/9/09 OfficeJuneofby:JustK

  7. Energy Efficiency Post-2011 Review Scoping Document and Process Approach

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansasCommunities Energy EfficiencyModularEfficiency: Beyond the 1

  8. Energy Efficiency Post-2011 Review Scoping Document and Process Approach

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansasCommunities Energy EfficiencyModularEfficiency: Beyond the 1 webpage here

  9. Energy Efficiency Post-2011 Review Scoping Document and Process Approach

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansasCommunities Energy EfficiencyModularEfficiency: Beyond the 1 webpage

  10. Cybersecurity Risk Management Process (RMP) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergy Webinar:IAbout Us » ContactCounty AimsCurrentCyberC2M2

  11. Sandia Energy - Ionic Liquids Create More Sustainable Processes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II)Geothermal Energy &Water Power Program andStructural Health

  12. Budget Documents & The Federal Budget Process | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment|Marketing, LLC |EnergycurrentlyJune 2012 ThisHoward

  13. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL Security Review Process

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electric vehicle (PEV)Day-June2012environmentThe| DepartmentN V E S

  14. The Influence of Ambient Temperature and the Energy and Protein Content of Food on Nitrogenous Excretion in the Egyptian Fruit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vatnick, Itzick

    calculate that they can save energy equal to 2% of their daily metabolic rate by doing so. Introduction and Perrin 1991), and birds are gen- erally uricotelic. There are energy and water cost trade to excrete. Urea is intermediate in both energy and water costs (Withers 1992). The possibility

  15. Energy Efficient Computing with the Low Power, Energy Aware Processing (LEAP) Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntire, Dustin Hale

    2012-01-01

    did not incorporate energy data from additional devicemay be correlated with energy data. Figure 2.11: Qualcomm’sthe EAM to read back energy data within the rollover period

  16. Energy Efficient Computing with the Low Power, Energy Aware Processing (LEAP) Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntire, Dustin Hale

    2012-01-01

    Kaiser. “MicroLEAP: Energy-aware Wireless Sensor PlatformKaiser. MicroLEAP: Energy-aware Wireless Sensor Platform formeter for energy monitoring of wireless sensor networks at

  17. Models for Optimization of Energy Consumption of Pumps in a Wastewater Processing Plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kusiak, Andrew

    ; Energy consumption; Data collection; Neural networks; Dynamic models; Statics; Water treatment plants in wastewater processing plants usually follow two strategies. One is to upgrade the current sewage sludge treatment process and produce higher quality efflu- ent. The other is to modify or redesign the sludge

  18. Impact and Process Evaluation of the U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Powering America Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-05-01

    This report presents an evaluation of the impacts and processes of the former Wind Powering America(WPA) initiative sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). WPA has an underlying goal of dramatically increasing the use of wind energy in the U.S.

  19. Interplay of Energy and Performance for Disk Arrays Running Transaction Processing Workloads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gurumurthi, Sudhanva

    centers could grow to over 100 Watts per square foot, and future centers could add 5 GW of demand (whichInterplay of Energy and Performance for Disk Arrays Running Transaction Processing Workloads for these systems. This paper examines the energy and performance ramifications in the design of disk arrays which

  20. Evaluating Energy and Water Saving Opportunities in SAGD Oil Sands Plants via Process Integration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahrendt, Wolfgang

    Evaluating Energy and Water Saving Opportunities in SAGD Oil Sands Plants via Process Integration Alberta, Canada are produced as a mix of hydrocarbons (bitumen), clay, sand and water. The resource barrel of bitumen produced which presents water/energy tradeoffs in the design and operation

  1. Utilization of geothermal energy in the mining and processing of tungsten ore. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erickson, M.V.; Lacy, S.B.; Lowe, G.D.; Nussbaum, A.M.; Walter, K.M.; Willens, C.A.

    1981-01-01

    The engineering, economic, and environmental feasibility of the use of low and moderate temperature geothermal heat in the mining and processing of tungsten ore is explored. The following are covered: general engineering evaluation, design of a geothermal energy system, economics, the geothermal resource, the institutional barriers assessment, environmental factors, an alternate geothermal energy source, and alternates to geothermal development. (MHR)

  2. In situ reflection high energy electron diffraction study of dehydrogenation process of Pd coated Mg nanoblades

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Gwo-Ching

    and Astronomy, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180-3590, USA Received 23 March 2008; accepted,2 Hydrogen has been con- sidered as one of the promising alternative energy resources due to its abundanceIn situ reflection high energy electron diffraction study of dehydrogenation process of Pd coated

  3. Free Energy and Dissipation Rate for Reaction Di usion Processes of Electrically

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tóth, János

    Free Energy and Dissipation Rate for Reaction Di usion Processes of Electrically Charged Species;Abstract The paper deals with a special problem concerning the transport of electrically charged species any a priori estimate for the chemical potentials one can estimate the free energy from above

  4. Industrial Technologies Program Research Plan for Energy-Intensive Process Industries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chapas, Richard B.; Colwell, Jeffery A.

    2007-10-01

    In this plan, the Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) identifies the objectives of its cross-cutting strategy for conducting research in collaboration with industry and U.S. Department of Energy national laboratories to develop technologies that improve the efficiencies of energy-intensive process industries.

  5. Food Allergies DEFINITIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Food Allergies DEFINITIONS: Definition of a Food Allergy: Immune system response to a food that the body mistakenly thinks is harmful. Upon deciding a particular food is harmful, the immune system creates a defense immune system response (antibodies) to fight it. Food allergy symptoms develop when

  6. Preventing Food Contamination: A Need for Innovation in Food Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, Mark

    2013-01-01

    and Expectations about Food Safety." Giannini Foundation ofof Bio?lm-Forming Bacteria for Food Safety Control." IEEEpower fights germs in food. ” Food Production Daily. (2013).

  7. Clean energy funds: An overview of state support for renewable energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Milford, Lew; Stoddard, Michael; Porter, Kevin

    2001-01-01

    or food wastes, energy crops, biogas, biodiesel, or organicor food wastes, energy crops, biogas, biodiesel, or organic

  8. FOOD ALLERGY RESEARCH PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chisholm, Rex L.

    FOOD ALLERGY RESEARCH PROGRAM INNOVATION ENGINES AT NORTHWESTERN MEDICINE INFLAMMATION, AUTOIMMUNITY, IMMUNOLOGY The growing prevalence of food allergy and the relative lack of treatment options investigation, and mechanistic science, we are striving towards halting the increase in food allergies, ensuring

  9. A Generalized Method for Estimation of Industrial Energy Savings from Capital and Behavioral Programs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luneski, R. D.

    2011-01-01

    In 2005, NEEA engaged the food processing industry in the Northwest with a behavior based program called Continuous Energy Improvement (CEI). Industrial energy efficiency programs have historically been limited to large capital projects because...

  10. Subsidized Food Distribution with Endogenous Quality: A Case Study from the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehta, Aashish; Jha, Shikha

    2010-01-01

    options: the case of the Philippines, Food and energy pricethe case of the Philippines National Food Authority, in:Safety Nets in the Philippines: Analysis and Prospects.

  11. User's Manual for BEST-Dairy: Benchmarking and Energy/water-Saving Tool (BEST) for the Dairy Processing Industry (Version 1.2)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, T.

    2011-01-01

    have access to more energy data details than plant level,have individual process-step energy data. (3) Process Levelyou have access to detail energy data for each process step.

  12. Eleventh symposium on energy engineering sciences: Proceedings. Solid mechanics and processing: Analysis, measurement and characterization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-09-01

    The Eleventh Symposium on Energy Engineering Sciences was held on May 3--5, 1993, at the Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois. These proceedings include the program, list of participants, and the papers that were presented during the eight technical sessions held at this meeting. This symposium was organized into eight technical sessions: Surfaces and interfaces; thermophysical properties and processes; inelastic behavior; nondestructive characterization; multiphase flow and thermal processes; optical and other measurement systems; stochastic processes; and large systems and control. Individual projects were processed separately for the databases.

  13. Study of optimal sequences and energy requirements of integrated processing systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Enezi, G.A.

    1986-01-01

    The increased demand for high quality unleaded gasoline produced from a refinery has caused an increased in developing processing alternatives for producing high-octane gasoline components. The production of methyl tertiary butyl ether is currently considered one of the most practical alternatives. The production of methyl tertiary butyl ether is based mainly on the availability of light hydrocarbons as a feed, such as isobutane from a refinery. The availability of isobutane is increased by isomerization of normal butanes. Even though distillation processes are widely used to separate mixtures of light hydrocarbons, they are highly energy intensive. A steady-state design of several configurations of distillation columns were studied for separating light hydrocarbon mixtures. A number of energy conservation alternatives were evaluated for the distillation process integrated with an isomerization unit. A modified form of the Complex Method of Box was used for optimizing the design and operating conditions of these energy conservation alternatives. The use of vapor recompression with distillation columns was evaluated as one of the alternatives. Despite the more complex processing scheme required, this alternative used only about 30% of the external energy required in a conventional distillation process for the same separation. The operating conditions of the multi-effect distillation columns were optimized as another alternative. Reduction in energy consumption for this case was about 40% compared to conventional distillation columns.

  14. Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masanet, Eric

    2008-01-01

    industry/bestpractices/software.html Pump System AssessmentPumps, and Fans website at: http://www1.eere.energy.gov/industry/processing industry: steam systems, motors and pumps,

  15. Hybridizing Energy Conversion and Storage in a Mechanical-to-Electrochemical Process for Self-Charging Power Cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    Information ABSTRACT: Energy generation and energy storage are two distinct processes that are usually, such as piezoelectric nanogenerator and Li-ion battery; the former converts mechanical energy into electricity, and the latter stores electric energy as chemical energy. Here, we introduce a fundamental mechanism

  16. The economic and financial feasibility of food innovation centers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowley, Alison (Alison Rita)

    2015-01-01

    A Food Innovation Center (FIC) is an enclosed commercial space comprising a mix of complementary uses pertaining to locally-operated food growing, production, processing, testing, distribution, and sale. These uses include ...

  17. Digital neural network-based modeling technique for extrusion processes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jang, Won-Hyouk

    2001-01-01

    Food extrusion processes are becoming critical in the production of novel nutritional food products, whereas the design of advanced process control, monitoring and diagnostics systems has not been actively pursued in the food processing industry...

  18. Optimal Size for Maximal Energy Efficiency in Information Processing of Biological Systems Due to Bistability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Chi; Wang, Long-Fei; Yue, Yuan; Yu, Lian-Chun

    2015-01-01

    Energy efficiency is closely related to the evolution of biological systems and is important to their information processing. In this paper, we calculated the excitation probability of a simple model of a bistable biological unit in response to pulsatile inputs, and its spontaneous excitation rate due to noise perturbation. Then we analytically calculated the mutual information, energy cost, and energy efficiency of an array of these bistable units. We found that the optimal number of units could maximize this array's energy efficiency in encoding pulse inputs, which depends on the fixed energy cost. We conclude that demand for energy efficiency in biological systems may strongly influence the size of these systems under the pressure of natural selection.

  19. A new A&P Food Market in Mt. Kisco, New York, is enjoying annual energy cost savings of nearly $130,000 with the installation of an integrated microturbine power system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    Background A new A&P Food Market in Mt. Kisco, New York, is enjoying annual energy cost savings, heating and power solutions, was installed in 2005 in the 57,000- square-foot facility. The New York supermarket was the first U.S. customer to take delivery of the new system. The PureComfort system is designed

  20. End User Functional and Performance Requirements for HTGR Energy Supply to Industrial Processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L.E. Demick

    2010-09-01

    This document specifies end user functional and performance requirements to be used in the development of the design of a high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) based plant supplying energy to industrial processes. These requirements were developed from collaboration with industry and HTGR suppliers and from detailed evaluation of integration of the HTGR technology in industrial processes. The functional and performance requirements specified herein are an effective representation of the industrial sector energy needs and an effective basis for developing a plant design that will serve the broadest range of industrial applications.

  1. Agricultural and Food Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences (FAFS) #12;86 Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences (FAFS) Undergraduate Catalogue 2014­15 Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences (FAFS) Officers in agriculture was initiated in 1956. #12;87Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences (FAFS) Undergraduate

  2. FOOD SERVICE Professional Organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    FOOD SERVICE Professional Organizations: National Association of College and University Food National Association of College and University Food Services (NACUFS) conference NACUFS Mid-Atlantic Region of Colleges and University Food Services e-newsletter Social Media: National Association of College

  3. Second Law Analysis for Process and Energy Engineering: Use in a Steam/Power Cycle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sama, D.; Sanhong, Q.

    1988-01-01

    for Process and Energy Engineering: Use in a Steam/Power Cycle I Dominick Sama Richard Gaggloli Daniel Finkenthal William Cooley Unlverlsty of Lowell Introduction The objective of this paper Is to demonstrate how the use of lhe 2nd Law can help... might exist in an environment where absolute temperature, pressure. chemical potential, electric potential, . . . were all zero, for the user at realistic conditions energy does not -- the 2nd law concept, exergy, does .- represent ?potentlal...

  4. U.S. Department of Energy Donates More Than 120,000 Pounds of Food to "Feds

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyThe U.S.Laclede GasEfficiency|Feed Families" | Department of Energy

  5. The influence of water, land, energy and soil-nutrient resource interactions on the food system in Uganda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukuve, Feriha Mugisha; Fenner, Richard A.

    2014-12-31

    ’s Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) (CAADP, 2013), and the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA). They highlight low nutritional value and low productivity of these crops as some of major bottlenecks. Analysis... farmers. Government fuel subsidies could help to bridge this gap, especially where significant fossil fuel holdings exist. Uganda for instance, may rely on its recent oil discoveries to boost agricultural energy supplies. However, fuel subsidies...

  6. Process Parameters and Energy Use of Gas and Electric Ovens in Industrial Applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosanovic, D.; Ambs, L.

    2000-01-01

    The study was conducted to evaluate the energy use of natural gas and electric ovens in the production of polymer bearings and components. Tests were conducted to evaluate and compare the performance of natural gas and electric ovens in the process...

  7. Discharge processes, electric field, and electron energy in ISUAL-recorded gigantic jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mende, Stephen B.

    Discharge processes, electric field, and electron energy in ISUAL- recorded gigantic jets Cheng measurements of gigantic jets from the Imager of Sprites and Upper Atmospheric Lightning (ISUAL) experiment. The velocity of the upward propagating fully developed jet stage of the gigantic jets was $107 m sÃ?1 , which

  8. A Systems-Integration Approach to Optimizing the Water-Energy Nexus in Energy Surplus Processes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabriel, Kerron Jude

    2014-10-02

    targets for water and power generation. For the water generating process problem, a new mathematical formulation was proposed for the thermal desalination of saline water. The new formulation consisted of a mass flowrate decoupling approach...

  9. The availability of healthy food options in fast food outlets in six rural counties 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Creel, Jennifer Sue

    2009-05-15

    contributors to a predisposition for positive energy balance. 7, 8 The two broad categories of environmental factors that have been identified as contributors to energy imbalance are the availability of energy-dense foods and a reduction in work... in calories consumed from away-from home versus home-prepared food. 37 Unfortunately, many of the foods designed for convenience are nutrient-poor, energy-dense and may allow for over-consumption of calories. 37, 38 A major focus has been placed...

  10. Minimal energy cost of thermodynamic information processes only with entanglement transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiroyasu Tajima

    2013-11-06

    We present the minimal energy costs for the measurement and the information erase, using only the Helmholtz free energy and the entanglement of formation. The entanglement of formation appears in the form of difference which indicates the amount of entanglement transfer on the memory during the processes; the cost of the measurement is given by the entanglement gain, whereas the cost of the information erase is given by the loss of available entanglement. Putting together the present Letter and Rev. E 88, 042143 (2013), we can describe the violation and the restoration of the second law only in terms of the entanglement of formation; both of the excess of extracted work from thermodynamics with information process over the conventional second law and the total cost of the information process are given by the entanglement of formation, and the former is less than or equal to the latter.

  11. Landauer in the age of synthetic biology: energy consumption and information processing in biochemical networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehta, Pankaj; Schwab, David J

    2015-01-01

    A central goal of synthetic biology is to design sophisticated synthetic cellular circuits that can perform complex computations and information processing tasks in response to specific inputs. The tremendous advances in our ability to understand and manipulate cellular information processing networks raises several fundamental physics questions: How do the molecular components of cellular circuits exploit energy consumption to improve information processing? Can one utilize ideas from thermodynamics to improve the design of synthetic cellular circuits and modules? Here, we summarize recent theoretical work addressing these questions. Energy consumption in cellular circuits serves five basic purposes: (1) increasing specificity, (2) manipulating dynamics, (3) reducing variability, (4) amplifying signal, and (5) erasing memory. We demonstrate these ideas using several simple examples and discuss the implications of these theoretical ideas for the emerging field of synthetic biology. We conclude by discussing h...

  12. Food Science and Nutrition Department of Food Science and Nutrition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Food Science and Nutrition Department of Food Science and Nutrition Institute for Food Safety of Food Science and Nutrition (FdSN) at the School of Applied Technology and the Institute for Food Safety and Health (IFSH), with IIT faculty, U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) scientists, and food industry

  13. Energy Management in a Multi-Industry Organization 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, J.

    1981-01-01

    Tenneco operates in seven of the nation's ten most energy intensive industries: Petroleum Refining, Chemicals Manufacturing, Pulp and Paper, Transportation Equipment, Primary Metals, Food Processing, and Machinery. This diversification...

  14. New process modeling [sic], design, and control strategies for energy efficiency, high product quality, and improved productivity in the process industries. Final project report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ray, W. Harmon

    2002-06-05

    This project was concerned with the development of process design and control strategies for improving energy efficiency, product quality, and productivity in the process industries. In particular, (i) the resilient design and control of chemical reactors, and (ii) the operation of complex processing systems, was investigated. Specific topics studied included new process modeling procedures, nonlinear controller designs, and control strategies for multiunit integrated processes. Both fundamental and immediately applicable results were obtained. The new design and operation results from this project were incorporated into computer-aided design software and disseminated to industry. The principles and design procedures have found their way into industrial practice.

  15. Food Movements Unite! Strategies to Transform Our Food Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLean, Lindsey

    2011-01-01

    the social movements actively transforming our food systems.For more information about Food First’s publicationsor the global food system, visit their website:

  16. How can STFC contribute to the Global Food Security [GFS] Programme?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of logistics to reduce food waste and food miles HPC: · Modelling of processes · Optimising of processesHow can STFC contribute to the Global Food Security [GFS] Programme? STFC will be running funding an overview of the end to end chain of food in society. Consider each area on the diagram and then answer

  17. Economic evaluation and conceptual design of optimal agricultural systems for production of food and energy. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    1982-03-01

    The major technical and economic considerations which determined the scope of the study and the structure of the linear programming (LP) models are discussed. Four models, each representing a typical crop, beef, dairy, or swine farm in conjunction with ethanol facilities are characterized by the same general behavioral and mathematical model structure. Specific activities, constraints, and data for each of the four models are presented. An overview of the model structure is provided in the context of the general scope and background assumptions, and of its LP implementation. Simulated initial conditions and outcomes are reported for typical Illinois farms. Policy implications are discussed as related to agriculture, energy, and inter-industry coordination. (MHR)

  18. Reconstructing the free-energy landscape associated to molecular motors processivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Lopez Alamilla; I. Santamaria-Holek

    2012-05-16

    We propose a biochemical model providing the kinetic and energetic descriptions of the processivity dynamics of kinesin and dinein molecular motors. Our approach is a modified version of a well known model describing kinesin dynamics and considers the presence of a competitive inhibition reaction by ADP. We first reconstruct a continuous free-energy landscape of the cycle catalyst process that allows us to calculate the number of steps given by a single molecular motor. Then, we calculate an analytical expression associated to the translational velocity and the stopping time of the molecular motor in terms of time and ATP concentration. An energetic interpretation of motor processivity is discussed in quantitative form by using experimental data. We also predict a time duration of collective processes that agrees with experimental reports.

  19. KL Energy Corp Formerly KL Process Design Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy ResourcesOrder atHills,New York:Just Hot ResourcesEnergy Jump to:KATKEMKGRAKL

  20. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT WASTE PROCESSING ANNUAL TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bush, S.

    2009-11-05

    The Office of Waste Processing identifies and reduces engineering and technical risks and uncertainties of the waste processing programs and projects of the Department of Energy's Environmental Management (EM) mission through the timely development of solutions to technical issues. The risks, and actions taken to mitigate those risks, are determined through technology readiness assessments, program reviews, technology information exchanges, external technical reviews, technical assistance, and targeted technology development and deployment. The Office of Waste Processing works with other DOE Headquarters offices and project and field organizations to proactively evaluate technical needs, identify multi-site solutions, and improve the technology and engineering associated with project and contract management. Participants in this program are empowered with the authority, resources, and training to implement their defined priorities, roles, and responsibilities. The Office of Waste Processing Multi-Year Program Plan (MYPP) supports the goals and objectives of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - Office of Environmental Management Engineering and Technology Roadmap by providing direction for technology enhancement, development, and demonstration that will lead to a reduction of technical risks and uncertainties in EM waste processing activities. The MYPP summarizes the program areas and the scope of activities within each program area proposed for the next five years to improve safety and reduce costs and environmental impacts associated with waste processing; authorized budget levels will impact how much of the scope of activities can be executed, on a year-to-year basis. Waste Processing Program activities within the Roadmap and the MYPP are described in these seven program areas: (1) Improved Waste Storage Technology; (2) Reliable and Efficient Waste Retrieval Technologies; (3) Enhanced Tank Closure Processes; (4) Next-Generation Pretreatment Solutions; (5) Enhanced Stabilization Technologies; (6) Spent Nuclear Fuel; and (7) Challenging Materials. This report provides updates on 35 technology development tasks conducted during calendar year 2008 in the Roadmap and MYPP program areas.

  1. LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS: COMPARING PLA PLASTIC FOOD USE PRODUCTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ........................................................................................................ 12 6.3 Calculating Energy Usage.............................................................................................. 13 7 Overall Energy UsageLIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS: COMPARING PLA PLASTIC FOOD USE PRODUCTS ON THE BASIS OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION Sin

  2. New Design Methods And Algorithms For High Energy-Efficient And Low-cost Distillation Processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agrawal, Rakesh

    2013-11-21

    This project sought and successfully answered two big challenges facing the creation of low-energy, cost-effective, zeotropic multi-component distillation processes: first, identification of an efficient search space that includes all the useful distillation configurations and no undesired configurations; second, development of an algorithm to search the space efficiently and generate an array of low-energy options for industrial multi-component mixtures. Such mixtures are found in large-scale chemical and petroleum plants. Commercialization of our results was addressed by building a user interface allowing practical application of our methods for industrial problems by anyone with basic knowledge of distillation for a given problem. We also provided our algorithm to a major U.S. Chemical Company for use by the practitioners. The successful execution of this program has provided methods and algorithms at the disposal of process engineers to readily generate low-energy solutions for a large class of multicomponent distillation problems in a typical chemical and petrochemical plant. In a petrochemical complex, the distillation trains within crude oil processing, hydrotreating units containing alkylation, isomerization, reformer, LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) and NGL (natural gas liquids) processing units can benefit from our results. Effluents from naphtha crackers and ethane-propane crackers typically contain mixtures of methane, ethylene, ethane, propylene, propane, butane and heavier hydrocarbons. We have shown that our systematic search method with a more complete search space, along with the optimization algorithm, has a potential to yield low-energy distillation configurations for all such applications with energy savings up to 50%.

  3. Wetland Conservation The Food Security Act was enacted on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Wetland Conservation Compliance #12;The Food Security Act was enacted on December 23, 1985. Title. · Developed to streamline wetland delineation process and promote consistency between the Clean Water Act and the Food Security Act. #12;1994 National Food Security Act Manual Procedures · Provided NRCS staff policy

  4. Attitudes about Food 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Nicole Alexis

    2012-10-19

    Approximately 18% of adolescents are obese. Attitudes about Food is a cross sectional study that seeks to identify lifestyle factors associated with adolescent obesity such as fast food consumption, physical activity, ...

  5. Full report: Assessment and opportunity identification of energy efficient pollution prevention technologies and processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-11-01

    US industry produces about 12 billion tons of waste a year, or two-thirds of the waste generated in the US. The costs of handling and disposing of these wastes are significant, estimated to be between $25 and $43 billion in 1991, and represent an increase of 66% since 1986. US industry also uses about one-third of all energy consumed in the nation, which adds to the environmental burden. Industrial wastes affect the environmental well-being of the nation and, because of their growing costs, the competitive abilities of US industry. As part of a national effort to reduce industrial wastes, the US Congress passed the Energy Policy Act (EPAct, P.L. 102-486). Section 2108, subsections (b) and (c), of EPAct requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to identify opportunities to demonstrate energy efficient pollution prevention technologies and processes; to assess their availability and the energy, environmental, and cost effects of such technologies; and to report the results. Work for this report clearly pointed to two things, that there is insufficient data on wastes and that there is great breadth and diversity in the US industrial sector. This report identifies: information currently available on industrial sector waste streams, opportunities for demonstration of energy efficient pollution prevention technologies in two industries that produce significant amounts of waste--chemicals and petroleum, characteristics of waste reducing and energy saving technologies identifiable in the public literature, and potential barriers to adoption of waste reducing technologies by industry.

  6. Energy and Water Conservation Assessment of the Radiochemical Processing Laboratory (RPL) at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Stephanie R.; Koehler, Theresa M.; Boyd, Brian K.

    2014-05-31

    This report summarizes the results of an energy and water conservation assessment of the Radiochemical Processing Laboratory (RPL) at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The assessment was performed in October 2013 by engineers from the PNNL Building Performance Team with the support of the dedicated RPL staff and several Facilities and Operations (F&O) department engineers. The assessment was completed for the Facilities and Operations (F&O) department at PNNL in support of the requirements within Section 432 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007.

  7. Sustaining Industrial Energy Efficiency in Process Cooling in a Potentially Water-Short Future 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferland, K.

    2014-01-01

    stream_source_info ESL-IE-14-05-18.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 14223 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name ESL-IE-14-05-18.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 Sustaining Industrial Energy... and Management • Water Reuse and Use of Unconventional Sources ESL-IE-14-05-18 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 Topic 1: Existing Technology and Operations Strategy: Sustain process...

  8. Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masanet, Eric

    2008-01-01

    Cooling Through Waste Heat Recovery. Washington, D.C. March.Low-Temperature Waste-Heat Recovery in the Food Industry.Schneider Foods Savours Heat Recovery Benefits. Office of

  9. Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masanet, Eric

    2008-01-01

    Cooling Through Waste Heat Recovery. Washington, D.C. March.Low-Temperature Waste-Heat Recovery in the Food Industry.Canada (AAFC) (1984). Heat Recovery for Canadian Food and

  10. Four Simple Food Safety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garfunkel, Eric

    luncheon meat, cold cuts, deli-style meat and poul- try until steaming hot. Chill: Refrigerate or freeze Safe Food Handling and Preparation USDA's Meat and Poultry Hotline: 1-800-535-4555 FDA's Food. August, 2004 Separate: Separate raw meat, poultry and seafood from other foods in your grocery shopping

  11. WATERCHARRETTE food deserts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WATERCHARRETTE food deserts University of Kansas School of Architecture, Design, and Planning 3 summary introduction context To provide a more local society that is less dependent upon large-scale food dialogues will be held to engage students in the concepts of sustainable water management, food deserts

  12. Food Security and Nutrition NONE 09 BIOMASS FUELS; BIOFUELS;...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition NONE 09 BIOMASS FUELS; BIOFUELS; PRODUCTION; AGRICULTURE; ENERGY POLICY; SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS; SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT;...

  13. Food and Drug Administration White Oak Campus Environmental Stewardshi...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Stewardship and Cost Savings FEMP ESPC Success Story on water conservation and green energy at the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) White Oak Campus. PDF icon...

  14. Decision process for the retrofit of municipal buildings with solar energy systems: a technical guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Licciardello, Michael R.; Wood, Brian; Dozier, Warner; Braly, Mark; Yates, Alan

    1980-11-01

    As a background for solar applications, the following topics are covered: solar systems and components for retrofit installations; cost, performance, and quality considerations; and financing alternatives for local government. The retrofit decision process is discussed as follows: pre-screening of buildings, building data requirements, the energy conservation audit, solar system sizing and economics, comparison of alternatives, and implementation. Sample studies are presented for the West Valley Animal Shelter and the Hollywood Police Station. (MHR)

  15. Processing of Silver-Implanted Aluminum Nitride for Energy Harvesting Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alleyne, Fatima

    2013-01-01

    energy efficiency and conservation,” Inside Energy: Developing and Managing an ISO 50001 Energy Management System.

  16. Save Energy Now in Your Process Heating Systems | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAandSummaryDIST OFMEAG, Dalton2ProgramAreaLaboratoryThis fact sheet describes

  17. Conversion of electromagnetic energy in Z-pinch process of single planar wire arrays at 1.5 MA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liangping, Wang; Mo, Li; Juanjuan, Han; Ning, Guo [Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China); Key State Laboratory of Simulation and Effect for Intense Pulse Radiation, Xi'an 710024 (China); Jian, Wu [Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China); Aici, Qiu [Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China); Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China)

    2014-06-15

    The electromagnetic energy conversion in the Z-pinch process of single planar wire arrays was studied on Qiangguang generator (1.5 MA, 100?ns). Electrical diagnostics were established to monitor the voltage of the cathode-anode gap and the load current for calculating the electromagnetic energy. Lumped-element circuit model of wire arrays was employed to analyze the electromagnetic energy conversion. Inductance as well as resistance of a wire array during the Z-pinch process was also investigated. Experimental data indicate that the electromagnetic energy is mainly converted to magnetic energy and kinetic energy and ohmic heating energy can be neglected before the final stagnation. The kinetic energy can be responsible for the x-ray radiation before the peak power. After the stagnation, the electromagnetic energy coupled by the load continues increasing and the resistance of the load achieves its maximum of 0.6–1.0 ? in about 10–20?ns.

  18. EPOK Centre for Organic Food & Farming ORGANIC FOOD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EPOK ­ Centre for Organic Food & Farming ORGANIC FOOD ­ food quality and potential health effects.slu.se/epok/english #12;ORGANIC FOOD ­ food quality and potential health effects Publishing year: 2015, Uppsala Publisher: SLU, EPOK ­ Centre for Organic Food & Farming Lay-out: Pelle Fredriksson, SLU, EPOK Photo, cover: i

  19. 1 Food Safety Policy July 2010 Food Safety Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    1 Food Safety Policy July 2010 Food Safety Policy Food Safety Policy 19.7.2010 19.7.2014 #12;2 Food 5. Organisational Responsibilities 6. The Legal References 7. Glossary of Terms #12;3 Food Safety Policy July 2010 Food Safety Policy 1. Introduction 1.1 The University has a duty to assess the risks

  20. FNH 301 FOOD CHEMISTRY I Principles of Food Chemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FNH 301 FOOD CHEMISTRY I Principles of Food Chemistry Instructor: Dr. David Kitts Department of Food Sciences Room 243 ­ Food, Nutrition & Health Building 2205 East Mall Food, Nutrition & Health Faculty of Land and Food Systems ­ University of British Columbia Phone: 604-822-5560; Fax: 604