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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "focuses incident insolation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

ASHMET: a computer code for estimating insolation incident on tilted surfaces  

SciTech Connect

A computer code, ASHMET, has been developed by MSFC to estimate the amount of solar insolation incident on the surfaces of solar collectors. Both tracking and fixed-position collectors have been included. Climatological data for 248 US locations are built into the code. This report describes the methodology of the code, and its input and output. The basic methodology used by ASHMET is the ASHRAE clear-day insolation relationships modified by a clearness index derived from SOLMET-measured solar radiation data to a horizontal surface.

Elkin, R.F.; Toelle, R.G.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Insolation integrator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electric signal representative of the rate of insolation is integrated to determine if it is adequate for operation of a solar energy collection system.

Dougherty, John J. (Norristown, PA); Rudge, George T. (Lansdale, PA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Definition: Insolation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Insolation Insolation Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Insolation The solar power density incident on a surface of stated area and orientation, usually expressed as Watts per square meter or Btu per square foot per hour.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Insolation is a measure of solar radiation energy received on a given surface area and recorded during a given time. It is also called solar irradiation and expressed as "hourly irradiation" if recorded during an hour or "daily irradiation" if recorded during a day. The unit recommended by the World Meteorological Organization is megajoules per square metre (MJ/m) or joules per square millimetre (J/mm) . An alternate unit of measure is the Langley (1 thermochemical calorie per square

4

Photovoltaic Potential and Insolation Maps (Canada) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Photovoltaic Potential and Insolation Maps (Canada) Photovoltaic Potential and Insolation Maps (Canada) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Photovoltaic Potential and Insolation Maps (Canada) Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: glfc.cfsnet.nfis.org/mapserver/pv/pvmapper.phtml?LAYERS=2700,2701,2057 Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/photovoltaic-potential-and-insolation Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Net Metering & Interconnection These interactive maps give estimates of the electricity that can be generated by grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) arrays without batteries and of the mean daily global insolation for any location in Canada. Insolation data was provided by the Data Analysis and Archive Division, Meteorological

5

insolation | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2 2 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142278432 Varnish cache server insolation Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. Source NREL Date Released July 31st, 2006 (8 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Asia DNI GEF GHI insolation NREL solar SWERA TILT UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile and Cell Regions (zip, 20.2 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 960.7 KiB)

6

Site insolation and wind power characteristics: technical report Midwest region  

SciTech Connect

This phase of the Site Insolation and Wind Power Characteristics Study was performed to provide statistical information on the expected future availability of solar and wind power at various sites in the Midwest Region of the US Historic data (SOLMET), at 22 National Weather Service stations with hourly solar insolation and collateral meteorological information, were interrogated to provide an estimate of future trends. Solar data are global radiation incident on a horizontal surface, and wind data represent wind power normal to the air flow. Selected insolation and wind power conditions were investigated for their occurrence and persistence, for defined periods of time, on a monthly basis. Global horizontal insolation is related to inclined surfaces at each site. Ratios are provided, monthly, for multiplying global insolation to obtain insolation estimates on south-facing surfaces inclined at different angles with respect to the horizontal. Also, joint probability distribution tables are constructed showing the number of occurrences, out of a finite sample size, of daily average solar and wind power within selected intervals, by month. Information of this nature is intended as an aid to preliminary planning activities for the design and operation of solar and wind energy utilization and conversion systems.

None

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Site insolation and wind power characteristics, technical report northeast region. Vol. 2  

SciTech Connect

This phase of the Site Insolation and Wind Power Characteristics Study was performed to provide statistical information on the expected future availability of solar and wind power at various sites in the Northeast Region of the US Historic data (SOLMET), at 8 National Weather Service stations with hourly solar insolation and collateral meteorological information, were interrogated to provide an estimate of future trends. Solar data are global radiation incident on a horizontal surface, and wind data represent wind power normal to the air flow. Selected insolation and wind power conditions were investigated for their occurrence and persistence, for defined periods of time, on a monthly basis. Global horizontal insolation are related to inclined surfaces at each site. Ratios are provided, monthly, for multiplying global insolation to obtain insolation estimates on south-facing surfaces inclined at different angles with respect to the horizontal.

None

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

One-dimensional Grazing Incidence Zone Plate For Focusing Soft X-rays  

SciTech Connect

We have designed and manufactured a grazing incidence FZP having a non-symmetrical one-dimensional zone structure in order to minimize an outermost zone width. The focal spot size obtained by the FZP is determined by the outermost zone width, and which depends on the manufacturing technique. The projected zone width can be decreased as sine function of the incidence angle. Overall dimension of the zone plate is calculated on the basis that the optical pass difference must be the multiple of a half the wavelength. Two dimensional focusing can be conducted by using a pair of them for vertical and horizontal focusing, correspondingly. Another advantage of the device is that the same focal length can be obtained in case of changing the wavelength. In the case of conventional FZP, experiments using variable wavelength, such as micro-EXAFS, are very difficult because the focal length shifts inversely proportional to the wavelength. The focal length shift can be corrected by changing the incidence angle in the case of the grazing incidence FZP. Electron beam lithography and reactive ion etching technique are used to manufacture FZP. Vanadium is chosen as FZP material since it has high etching rate with CF4 gas.

Koike, Masaki; Ikeura-Sekiguchi, Hiromi; Suzuki, Isao H. [Photonics Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Umezono, Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki, 305-8568 (Japan)

2004-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

9

Site insolation and wind power characteristics: technical report western region (south section)  

SciTech Connect

This phase of the Site Insolation and Wind Power Characteristics Study was performed to provide statistical information on the expected future availability of solar and wind power at various sites in the Western Region (South Section) of the US Historic data (SOLMET), at 22 National Weather Service stations with hourly solar insolation and collateral meteorological information, were interrogated to provide an estimate of future trends. Solar data are global radiation incident on a horizontal surface, and wind data represent wind power normal to the air flow. Selected insolation and wind power conditions were investigated for their occurrence and persistence, for defined periods of time, on a monthly basis. Global horizontal insolation is related to inclined surfaces at each site. Ratios are provided, monthly, for multiplying global insolation to obtain insolation estimates on south-facing surfaces inclined at different angles with respect to the horizontal. Also, joint probability distribution tables are constructed showing the number of occurrences, out of a finite sample size, of daily average solar and wind power within selected intervals, by month. Information of this nature is intended as an aid to preliminary planning activities for the design and operation of solar and wind energy utilization and conversion systems.

None

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Site insolation and wind power characteristics: technical report western region (north section)  

SciTech Connect

This phase of the Site Insolation and Wind Power Characteristics Study was performed to provide statistical information on the expected future availability of solar and wind power at various sites in the Western Region (North Section) of the US Historic data (SOLMET), at 21 National Weather Service stations with hourly solar insolation and collateral meteorological information, were interrogated to provide an estimate of future trends. Solar data are global radiation incident on a horizontal surface, and wind data represent wind power normal to the air flow. Selected insolation and wind power conditions were investigated for their occurrence and persistence, for defined periods of time, on a monthly basis. Global horizontal insolation is related to inclined surfaces at each site. Ratios are provided, monthly, for multiplying global insolation to obtain insolation estimates on south-facing surfaces inclined at different angles with respect to the horizontal. Also, joint probability distribution tables are constructed showing the number of occurrences, out of a finite sample size, of daily average solar and wind power within selected intervals, by month. Information of this nature is intended as an aid to preliminary planning activities for the design and operation of solar and wind energy utilization and conversion systems.

None

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Focused  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

milling milling of diamond: Effects of H 2 O on yield, surface morphology and microstructure D. P. Adams, a) M. J. Vasile, T. M. Mayer, and V. C. Hodges Thin Film, Vacuum and Packaging Department, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 ͑Received 1 July 2003; accepted 22 August 2003; published 24 November 2003͒ The effects of H 2 O vapor introduced during focused ion beam ͑FIB͒ milling of diamond͑100͒ are examined. In particular, we determine the yield, surface morphology, and microstructural damage that results from FIB sputtering and H 2 O-assisted FIB milling processes. Experiments involving 20 keV Ga ϩ bombardment to doses ϳ10 18 ions/cm 2 are conducted at a number of fixed ion incidence angles, ␪. For each ␪ selected, H 2 O-assisted ion milling shows an increased material removal rate compared with FIB sputtering ͑no gas assist͒. The amount by which the

12

Focused  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

milling: milling: Depth control for three-dimensional microfabrication M. J. Vasile, a) Z. Niu, R. Nassar, W. Zhang, and S. Liu Institute for Micromanufacturing, Louisiana Tech University, Ruston, Louisiana 71272 ͑Received 29 May 1997; accepted 28 July 1997͒ Ion milling with a focused ion beam ͑FIB͒ is a potential method for making micromolds, which will then be the primary elements in the mass production of micro- or mini-objects by embossing or injection molding. The challenge lies in controlling the ion milling to produce cavities with predefined, arbitrary geometric cross-sections. This work involves programming variations as a function of position into the algorithm that generates the dwell times in the pixel address scheme of a FIB. These variations are done according to whether an axis of symmetry or a plane of symmetry determines the final geometry, and the result is 26 new

13

Optimization of nonimaging focusing heliostat in dynamic correction of astigmatism for a wide range of incident angles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To overcome astigmatism has always been a great challenge in designing a heliostat capable of focusing the sunlight on a small receiver throughout the year. In this Letter, a...

Chong, Kok-Keong

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Insolation data manual and direct normal solar radiation data manual  

SciTech Connect

The Insolation Data Manual presents monthly averaged data which describes the availability of solar radiation at 248 National Weather Service (NWS) stations, principally in the United States. Monthly and annual average daily insolation and temperature values have been computed from a base of 24--25 years of data, generally from 1952--1975, and listed for each location. Insolation values represent monthly average daily totals of global radiation on a horizontal surface and are depicted using the three units of measurement: kJ/m{sup 2} per day, Btu/ft{sup 2} per day and langleys per day. Average daily maximum, minimum and monthly temperatures are provided for most locations in both Celsius and Fahrenheit. Heating and cooling degree-days were computed relative to a base of 18.3 C (65 F). For each station, global {bar K}{sub T} (cloudiness index) values were calculated on a monthly and annual basis. Global {bar K}{sub T} is an index of cloudiness and indicates fractional transmittance of horizontal radiation, from the top of the atmosphere to the earth's surface. The second section of this volume presents long-term monthly and annual averages of direct normal solar radiation for 235 NWS stations, including a discussion of the basic derivation process. This effort is in response to a generally recognized need for reliable direct normal data and the recent availability of 23 years of hourly averages for 235 stations. The relative inaccessibility of these data on microfiche further justifies reproducing at least the long-term averages in a useful format. In addition to a definition of terms and an overview of the ADIPA model, a discussion of model validation results is presented.

none,

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Effects of the Mount Pinatubo eruption on solar insolation: Four case studies  

SciTech Connect

The Southwest Technology Development Institute staff analyzed solar insolation data from four sites recorded during the years 1990 through 1992. Analyses were performed to identify and quantify the effects on insolation caused by the eruption of Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines on June 15th and 16th, 1991. The four monitoring stations that supplied the raw data for this report were: The Southwest Region Experiment Station in Las Cruces, New Mexico; The Solar Radiation Research Laboratory at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado; The Solar Insolation Monitor Program station operated by the Pacific Gas and Electric Company in Carrisa Plains, California; and The Solar Insolation monitor station at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Data from each of the sites were recorded by dedicated datalogging equipment. Every effort was made to prevent data acquisition system problems (e.g., drift of the datalogger clock) from influencing the accuracy of the results.

Rosenthal, A.L.; Robert, J.M. [New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM (United States). Southwest Technology Development Inst.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Safety Shoe and Insole Reimbursement Form Requisitioner: -Submit to supervisor for signature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Safety Shoe and Insole Reimbursement Form Requisitioner: - Submit to supervisor for signature. _________________________________________________ POSITION ____________________________________________________________________ DID YOU PURCHASE SAFETY TOES Safety Shoes or other footwear under the provisions outlined in the Collective Agreement

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

17

A data mining approach: Analyzing wind speed and insolation period data in Turkey for installations of wind and solar power plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wind and solar power plant installations have been recently increased rapidly with respect to the depletion of fossil-based fuels all over the world. Due to stochastic nature of meteorological conditions, wind and solar energies have a non-schedulable nature and they require several installation analyses to determine the location and the capacities of wind and solar power to be produced. This paper focuses on the similarity, feasibility and numerical analyses of 75 cities in Turkey based on the monthly average wind speed and insolation period data. The nearest and the farest neighbor algorithms are used as agglomerative hierarchical clustering methods with Euclidean, Manhattan and Minkowski distance metrics in the stage of making the similarity and feasibility analyses. The maximum cophenetic correlation coefficient is achieved by the nearest neighbor algorithm with the Minkowski distance metric in the similarity and feasibility analyses. On the other hand, graphical representations of the monthly average wind speed and insolation period data are utilized for making the numerical analysis. The highest annual average wind speed and insolation period are obtained as 3.88m/s and 8.45h/day, respectively. Overall, many inferences were achieved in acceptable and efficient limits for wind and solar energy.

Ilhami Colak; Seref Sagiroglu; Mehmet Demirtas; Mehmet Yesilbudak

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Graph Transformation with Focus on Incident Edges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as the sesqui-pushout, the heterogeneous pushout and the adaptive star grammars approaches. We first define-called shallow cloning [15] or deep cloning [20] operations). Informally, by cloning a node n, we mean making funded by the project CLIMT of the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR-11-BS02-016). #12;(Sq

Duval, Dominique

19

Insolation-oriented model of photovoltaic module using Matlab/Simulink  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a novel model of photovoltaic (PV) module which is implemented and analyzed using Matlab/Simulink software package. Taking the effect of sunlight irradiance on the cell temperature, the proposed model takes ambient temperature as reference input and uses the solar insolation as a unique varying parameter. The cell temperature is then explicitly affected by the sunlight intensity. The output current and power characteristics are simulated and analyzed using the proposed PV model. The model verification has been confirmed through an experimental measurement. The impact of solar irradiation on cell temperature makes the output characteristic more practical. In addition, the insolation-oriented PV model enables the dynamics of PV power system to be analyzed and optimized more easily by applying the environmental parameters of ambient temperature and solar irradiance. (author)

Tsai, Huan-Liang [Electrical Engineering Department, Da-Yeh University, No. 168, University Rd., Dah-Tsuen, Chang-Hua, 51591 Taiwan (China)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

20

Project focus: Complete design of an interactive solar panel system to be situated on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Project focus: · Complete design of an interactive solar panel system to be situated on top the effective area · Two types of solar cells: · 3 panel configurations: · Real-time power output data Si panels with 30.0o tilt c) 10 CdTe panels; 38.5o tilt · Solar insolation recorder, thermometer

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "focuses incident insolation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

LANSCE Focus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Focus Nuclear science observations and opportunities at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center Colleagues, This special Focus issue highlights a set of nuclear physics capabilities...

22

Sagittal focusing Laue monochromator  

SciTech Connect

An x-ray focusing device generally includes a slide pivotable about a pivot point defined at a forward end thereof, a rail unit fixed with respect to the pivotable slide, a forward crystal for focusing x-rays disposed at the forward end of the pivotable slide and a rearward crystal for focusing x-rays movably coupled to the pivotable slide and the fixed rail unit at a distance rearward from the forward crystal. The forward and rearward crystals define reciprocal angles of incidence with respect to the pivot point, wherein pivoting of the slide about the pivot point changes the incidence angles of the forward and rearward crystals while simultaneously changing the distance between the forward and rearward crystals.

Zhong; Zhong (Stony Brook, NY), Hanson; Jonathan (Wading River, NY), Hastings; Jerome (Stanford, CA), Kao; Chi-Chang (Setauket, NY), Lenhard; Anthony (Medford, NY), Siddons; David Peter (Cutchogue, NY), Zhong; Hui (Coram, NY)

2009-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

23

NEWS FOCUS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

NEWS FOCUS ... The turbines run on liquid fuel or natural gas. ... Tests now under way will prove out the engine as a pump and compressor drive for industry and as a power source for marine craft including an experimental hydrofoil ...

1960-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

24

Research Focus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Focus Focus Work at FEERC is centered on three interrelated areas of research: fuels, engines, and emis- sions. FEERC scientists study the impacts of fuel properties on advanced combustion processes as well as on emissions and emission control strategies and devices. The range of fuels studied includes gaseous (natural gas) and liquid fuels from conventional and unconventional fossil- based sources, as well as non-petroleum fuels from synthetic and renewable sources. The FEERC conducts research on innovative internal combustion engine technologies and control systems for improved efficiency. Combining novel diagnostic and experimental methods with modeling, the Center's scientists also develop improved understanding of the functions and key mechanisms of emission control devices

25

Incidents of Security Concern  

SciTech Connect

This presentation addresses incidents of security concern and an incident program for addressing them. It addresses the phases of an inquiry, and it divides incidents into categories based on severity and interest types based on whether security, management, or procedural interests are involved. A few scenarios are then analyzed according to these breakdowns.

Atencio, Julian J.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

NEWS FOCUS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

NEWS FOCUS ... The unit drives a 15,000 hp. ... gas compressor at Texas Eastern's Egypt, Miss., compressor station, one of 20 stations operating on the company's 30-inch natural gas lines, which run from Texas to storage fields in Pennsylvania ...

1959-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

27

Strategic Focus Points  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Focus Points Focus Points June 2011 1. Establish the human capital and organizational foundation to create a high-performing organization. 2. Implement a cyber risk-management and incident response program that ensures effective security of Federal and M&O networks, provides appropriate flexibility, and meets legal requirements and OMB expectations. 3. Improve IT Services (EITS) into a best-in-class provider from both a technical and business perspective. 4. Implement and institutionalize a reformed, integrated information management governance process that respects the goal to treat M&Os distinctively different than true Federal entities. 5. Transition to 5-year planning and programming, using the NNSA Planning, Programming, Budgeting and Evaluation (PPBE) process as a starting point to include resource and requirements validation.

28

The Influence of Orbital Forcing of Tropical Insolation on the Climate and1 Isotopic Composition of Precipitation in South America2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Precipitation in South America2 Xiaojuan Liu and David S. Battisti3 Department of Atmospheric Sciences-19-2014) of the AMS LATEX template1 #12;ABSTRACT The 18O of calcite (18Oc) in speleothems from South America is well in insolation in changing the climate of South America. Using an isotope-enabled atmospheric general circulation

Battisti, David

29

FOCUS COOLING  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

www.datacenterdynamics.com www.datacenterdynamics.com FOCUS COOLING Issue 28, March/April 2013 LBNL'S NOVEL APPROACH TO COOLING Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and APC by Schneider Electric test a unique double-exchanger cooling system LBNL program manager Henry Coles says can cut energy use by half A s part of a demonstration sponsored by the California Energy Commission in support of the Silicon Valley Leadership Group's data center summit, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) collaborated with APC by Schneider Electric to demonstrate a novel prototype data center cooling device. The device was installed at an LBNL data center in Berkeley, California. It included two air-to-water heat exchangers. Unlike common single-heat-exchanger configurations, one of these was supplied with

30

Information Incident Response Procedure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information Incident Response Procedure Authority The Information Incident Response Procedure (IIRP) is authorized under the UWM Information Security Policy S59; section III-D (http://www4.uwm Information Security Office, and UWM Internal Audit. This document will be reviewed and updated annually

Saldin, Dilano

31

Incidents of Security Concern  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NOT MEASUREMENT NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-STD-1210-2012 September 2012 DOE STANDARD Incidents of Security Concern U.S. Department of Energy AREA SANS Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DOE-STD-1210-2012 INTENTIONALLY BLANK DOE-STD-1210-2012 TABLE OF CONTENTS PARAGRAPH PAGE FOREWORD ................................................................................................................................ IV INCIDENTS OF SECURITY CONCERN......................................................................................1 1. SCOPE ....................................................................................................................................1 2. PURPOSE...............................................................................................................................1

32

Incidents of Security Concern  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

Sets forth requirements for the DOE Incidents of Security Concern Program, including timely identification and notification of, response to, inquiry into, reporting of, and closure actions for incidents of security concern. Cancels Chapter VII of DOE O 470.1; DOE N 471.3; and Chapter IV of DOE M 471.2-1B (Note: Paragraphs 1 and 2 of Chapter III remain in effect.) Canceled by DOE O 470.4.

2004-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

33

A Greener Focus: 2012 Ford Focus Electric  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Greener Focus: 2012 Ford Focus Electric Greener Focus: 2012 Ford Focus Electric JOHN DAVIS: With its 2012 re-design, the Focus compact has become Ford's core global program. Focus is already generating offspring, including small vans, a high performance hatchback, and this car - the Ford Focus Electric. It's actually one of only several new plug-ins and hybrids due from the blue oval this year. So let's go for a drive in the EV Focus and see if this green approach means greener pastures for Ford. At first glance, the 2012 Ford Focus Electric doesn't look that much different than the compact, front-

34

Focusing in Linear Accelerators  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Review of the theory of focusing in linear accelerators with comments on the incompatibility of phase stability and first-order focusing in a simple accelerator.

McMillan, E. M.

1950-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

35

Incident Management | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

systems report cyber security incidents to JC3. JC3 Bulletins are distributed to the DOE community to notify sites of computer security vulnerabilities and recommended actions....

36

Incident Response Planning for Selected Livestock Shows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was interviewed, and then data were transcribed and categorized to consensus. Nine themes arose including: background information, challenges, communication, example incidents, executing incident response, incident response planning, incident response training...

Tomascik, Chelsea Roxanne

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

37

Reporting Incidents Of Security Concern  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

To enhance the Department of Energy (DOE) Incidents of Security Concern Reporting Program through more consistent reporting, better information tracking, and interactive coordination. DOE N 251.54, dated 07/08/03, extends this directive until 07/08/04. Cancels Deputy Secretary Glauthier memorandum, subject: Reporting Security Incidents, dated 9-7-99.

2001-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

38

Cyber Security Incident Management Manual  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The manual establishes minimum requirements for a structured cyber security incident detection and management process for detecting, identifying, categorizing, containing, reporting, and mitigating cyber security incidents involving DOE information and information systems operated by DOE or by contractors on behalf of the Department. No cancellations. Admin Chg 1 dated 9-1-09.

2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

39

Cyber Security Incident Management Manual  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The manual establishes minimum requirements for a structured cyber security incident detection and management process for detecting, identifying, categorizing, containing, reporting, and mitigating cyber security incidents involving DOE information and information systems operated by DOE or by contractors on behalf of the Department. No cancellations.

2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

40

Presentation: FracFocus  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Mike Paque, Gerry Baker, and Stan Belieu reported on the work of FracFocus and the improvements made in FracFocus 2.0 as well as their connection with Risk Based Data Management System (RBDMS) used...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "focuses incident insolation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Focus Sensitive Coordination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis investigates the role of the Focus Sensitive Operators (FSOs) even and also when found inside of a coordination. Coordinations of this form are called Focus Sensitive Coordinations (FSC) and include or even, ...

Hulsey, Sarah McNearney

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Chapter 17 - Expenditure Incidence and Economy-Wide Incidence Studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Chapter 17 has two distinct sets of topics. The first part offers an analysis of expenditure incidence that covers the incidence of transfer payments, decreasing cost services, and nonexclusive goods. The second part discusses economy-wide incidence studies. Highlighted are the Pechman and Okner sources and uses approach to tax incidence, computable general equilibrium models (briefly), the Auerbach and Kotlikoff analysis of tax incidence in a dynamic setting using an OLG model, and the Fullerton and Rodgers model of lifetime tax incidence. The Appendix to Chapter 17 on tax reform considers four broad-based tax reform proposals that are common in the economics literature, bringing together some theoretical results from previous chapters and then turning to other issues that are not discussed elsewhere in the text. These include whether income from capital should be taxed, Michael Kremer's call for aged-based marginal tax rates, and the general problem of commitment or time-inconsistency in second-best analysis with imperfect information.

Richard W. Tresch

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Computerized Accident Incident Reporting System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Computerized Accident/Incident Reporting System is a database used to collect and analyze DOE and DOE contractor reports of injuries, illnesses, and other accidents that occur during DOE...

44

Cyber Security Incident Management Manual  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The manual establishes minimum requirements for a structured cyber security incident detection and management process for detecting, identifying, categorizing, containing, reporting, and mitigating cyber security incidents involving DOE information and information systems operated by DOE or by contractors on behalf of the Department. Admin Chg 1 dated 9-1-09; Admin Chg 2 dated 12-22-09. Canceled by DOE O 205.1B.

2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

45

Cyber Incidents Involving Control Systems  

SciTech Connect

The Analysis Function of the US-CERT Control Systems Security Center (CSSC) at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has prepared this report to document cyber security incidents for use by the CSSC. The description and analysis of incidents reported herein support three CSSC tasks: establishing a business case; increasing security awareness and private and corporate participation related to enhanced cyber security of control systems; and providing informational material to support model development and prioritize activities for CSSC. The stated mission of CSSC is to reduce vulnerability of critical infrastructure to cyber attack on control systems. As stated in the Incident Management Tool Requirements (August 2005) ''Vulnerability reduction is promoted by risk analysis that tracks actual risk, emphasizes high risk, determines risk reduction as a function of countermeasures, tracks increase of risk due to external influence, and measures success of the vulnerability reduction program''. Process control and Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems, with their reliance on proprietary networks and hardware, have long been considered immune to the network attacks that have wreaked so much havoc on corporate information systems. New research indicates this confidence is misplaced--the move to open standards such as Ethernet, Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, and Web technologies is allowing hackers to take advantage of the control industry's unawareness. Much of the available information about cyber incidents represents a characterization as opposed to an analysis of events. The lack of good analyses reflects an overall weakness in reporting requirements as well as the fact that to date there have been very few serious cyber attacks on control systems. Most companies prefer not to share cyber attack incident data because of potential financial repercussions. Uniform reporting requirements will do much to make this information available to Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and others who require it. This report summarizes the rise in frequency of cyber attacks, describes the perpetrators, and identifies the means of attack. This type of analysis, when used in conjunction with vulnerability analyses, can be used to support a proactive approach to prevent cyber attacks. CSSC will use this document to evolve a standardized approach to incident reporting and analysis. This document will be updated as needed to record additional event analyses and insights regarding incident reporting. This report represents 120 cyber security incidents documented in a number of sources, including: the British Columbia Institute of Technology (BCIT) Industrial Security Incident Database, the 2003 CSI/FBI Computer Crime and Security Survey, the KEMA, Inc., Database, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the Energy Incident Database, the INL Cyber Incident Database, and other open-source data. The National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism (MIPT) database was also interrogated but, interestingly, failed to yield any cyber attack incidents. The results of this evaluation indicate that historical evidence provides insight into control system related incidents or failures; however, that the limited available information provides little support to future risk estimates. The documented case history shows that activity has increased significantly since 1988. The majority of incidents come from the Internet by way of opportunistic viruses, Trojans, and worms, but a surprisingly large number are directed acts of sabotage. A substantial number of confirmed, unconfirmed, and potential events that directly or potentially impact control systems worldwide are also identified. Twelve selected cyber incidents are presented at the end of this report as examples of the documented case studies (see Appendix B).

Robert J. Turk

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

HASQARD Focus Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

failure occurs." for ICPMS analysis and "One per analytical batch" for ICPAES and flame atomic absorption analysis. This was more frequent than the Focus Group members recalled...

47

HASQARD Focus Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

expectations for incorporating Focus Group interpretations of HASQARD requirements in the document without a new letter from DOE contracting officers (COs) going out to the...

48

LANL responds to radiological incident  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LANL responds to radiological incident LANL responds to radiological incident LANL responds to radiological incident Multiple tests indicate no health risks to public or employees. August 27, 2012 Aerial view of the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center(LANSCE). Aerial view of the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE). The contamination poses no danger to the public. The Laboratory is investigating the inadvertent spread of Technetium 99 by employees and contractors at the Lujan Neutron Scattering Center August 27, 2012-The Laboratory is investigating the inadvertent spread of Technetium 99 by employees and contractors at the Lujan Neutron Scattering Center at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE), a multidisciplinary accelerator facility used for both civilian and national security research. The Laboratory has determined that about a dozen people

49

Focus Group I  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CARBON SEQUESTRATION - A COMMUNITY FOCUS GROUP STUDY OF CARBON SEQUESTRATION - A COMMUNITY FOCUS GROUP STUDY OF ATTITUDES IN WILLISTON, NORTH DAKOTA Sheila K. Hanson, Energy & Environmental Research Center Daniel J. Daly, Energy & Environmental Research Center Edward N. Steadman, Energy & Environmental Research Center John A. Harju, Energy & Environmental Research Center June 2005 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In April 2005, representatives of the Plains CO 2 Reduction (PCOR) Partnership, led by the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) at the University of North Dakota, held two focus groups in Williston, North Dakota. A total of sixteen people participated; seven on April 20 and nine on April 21. The purpose of the focus group research was to gain insight into the public perception of carbon sequestration from

50

Givenness, focus, and prosody  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this dissertation, I investigate the grammatical effects of focus and the inseparable phenomenon of givenness. As Schwarzschild (1999) has proposed, a proper understanding of givenness eliminates the need for a separate ...

Bader, Christopher (Christopher Banks), 1954-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

HASQARD Focus Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Group to introduce themselves and their role in the Focus Group to Jeff. III. The Action Tracking matrix was discussed. The following updates were provided: a. The process for...

52

Focusing corner cube  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention retortreflects and focuses a beam of light. The invention comprises a modified corner cube reflector wherein one reflective surface is planar, a second reflective surface is spherical, and the third reflective surface may be planar or convex cylindrical.

Monjes, J.A.

1985-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

53

Plutonium focus area  

SciTech Connect

To ensure research and development programs focus on the most pressing environmental restoration and waste management problems at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the Assistant Secretary for the Office of Environmental Management (EM) established a working group in August 1993 to implement a new approach to research and technology development. As part of this new approach, EM developed a management structure and principles that led to the creation of specific Focus Areas. These organizations were designed to focus the scientific and technical talent throughout DOE and the national scientific community on the major environmental restoration and waste management problems facing DOE. The Focus Area approach provides the framework for intersite cooperation and leveraging of resources on common problems. After the original establishment of five major Focus Areas within the Office of Technology Development (EM-50, now called the Office of Science and Technology), the Nuclear Materials Stabilization Task Group (EM-66) followed the structure already in place in EM-50 and chartered the Plutonium Focus Area (PFA). The following information outlines the scope and mission of the EM, EM-60, and EM-66 organizations as related to the PFA organizational structure.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Cyber Security Incidents, Information Technology Division, ITD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reporting Computing Security Incidents Reporting Computing Security Incidents Incident Reporting Hotline: 631-344-8484 Security Incidents A computer security incident can range from a simple virus to the disclosure of sensitive information. Incidents can be minor, important, or significant. Incidents that must be reported include computer or network related activity, internal or external to the Laboratory, that may impact the Laboratory's mission. Examples of such activities include: the possibility of: loss of data; denial of services; compromise of computer security; unauthorized access to data that the Laboratory is required to control by law, regulation, or DOE orders; investigative activity by legal, law enforcement, bureaucratic, or political authorities; or a public relations embarrassment.

55

Decontamination & decommissioning focus area  

SciTech Connect

In January 1994, the US Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management (DOE EM) formally introduced its new approach to managing DOE`s environmental research and technology development activities. The goal of the new approach is to conduct research and development in critical areas of interest to DOE, utilizing the best talent in the Department and in the national science community. To facilitate this solutions-oriented approach, the Office of Science and Technology (EM-50, formerly the Office of Technology Development) formed five Focus AReas to stimulate the required basic research, development, and demonstration efforts to seek new, innovative cleanup methods. In February 1995, EM-50 selected the DOE Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) to lead implementation of one of these Focus Areas: the Decontamination and Decommissioning (D & D) Focus Area.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Vertical Velocity Focus Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Velocity Focus Group Velocity Focus Group ARM 2008 Science Team Meeting Norfolk, VA March 10-14 Background Vertical velocity measurements have been at the top of the priority list of the cloud modeling community for some time. Doppler measurements from ARM profiling radars operating at 915-MHz, 35-GHz and 94-GHz have been largely unexploited. The purpose of this new focus group is to develop vertical velocity ARM products suitable for modelers. ARM response to their request has been slow. Most ARM instruments are suitable for cloud observations and have limited capabilities in precipitation Using ARM datasets for evaluating and improving cloud parameterization in global climate models (GCMs) is not straightforward, due to gigantic scale mismatches. Consider this... Looking only vertically drastically limits opportunities

57

Customer-Focused Deployment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Customer-Focused Customer-Focused Deployment SAM RASHKIN Chief Architect Building Technologies Program February 29, 2012 Building America Meeting 2 | INNOVATION & INTEGRATION: Transforming the Energy Efficiency Market Buildings.Energy.gov 'Good Government' As-A-System IECC Code: Mandates technologies and practices proven reliable and cost- effective ENERGY STAR: Recognizes Builders Who Deliver Significantly Above Code Performance Builders Challenge: Recognizes Leading Builders Applying Proven Innovations and Best Practices Building America: Develops New Innovations and Best Practices 3 | INNOVATION & INTEGRATION: Transforming the Energy Efficiency Market Buildings.Energy.gov Disseminating Research Results: Building America Resource Tool 4 | INNOVATION & INTEGRATION: Transforming the Energy Efficiency Market

58

Focus on Fusion...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Focus on Fusion... ... As 1957 ended, the British press set off a thermonuclear uproar, blasted the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission for assertedly withholding information on British breakthroughs in controlled thermonuclear reactions. ... However, last year did see a breakthrough of sorts as thermonuclear information managed to clear the secrecy hurdle at last; by fall, fusion research was completely declassified. ...

1959-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

59

Focused Ion Beam (FIB):  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...al., 1990; Basile et al., 1992; Overwijk et al., 1993). Focused gallium ion...detailed descriptions are given elsewhere (Overwijk et al., 1993; Heaney et al., 2001...Kluwer Academic Publishers, 316 pp. Overwijk, M.H.E., van den Heuvel, F...

Richard WIRTH

60

NASA CHANGES SCIENCE FOCUS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

NASA CHANGES SCIENCE FOCUS ... In the past year and a half, NASA has received a presidential plan to refocus its efforts with the goal of returning humans to the moon and then on to Mars. ... But the shift of scientific support has drawn concern from both Congress and other NASA followers. ...

SUSAN R. MORRISSEY

2005-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "focuses incident insolation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

STRATEGIC FOCUS: Sustainable Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to apply sustain- ability principles to building and design, transportation and other fields, to green, presented an ecologically-sustainable sanitation system developed for a small hospital in northern Haiti1010 STRATEGIC FOCUS: Sustainable Systems Biology doctoral student Tanya Lubansky uses quan

62

Focus Area Summary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

information provided was consolidated from the original five focus areas for the EM information provided was consolidated from the original five focus areas for the EM Corporate QA Board. The status of QAP/QIP approvals etc. was accurate at the time of posting; however, additional approvals may have been achieved since that time. If you have any questions about the information provided, please contact Bob Murray at robert.murray@em.doe.gov Task # Task Description Status 1.1 Develop a brief questionnaire to send out to both commercial and EM contractors to describe their current approach for identifying the applicable QA requirements for subcontractors, tailoring the requirements based upon risk, process for working with procurement to ensure QA requirements are incorporated into subcontracts, and implementing verification of requirement flow-down by their

63

Focused ion beam system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A focused ion beam (FIB) system produces a final beam spot size down to 0.1 {mu}m or less and an ion beam output current on the order of microamps. The FIB system increases ion source brightness by properly configuring the first (plasma) and second (extraction) electrodes. The first electrode is configured to have a high aperture diameter to electrode thickness aspect ratio. Additional accelerator and focusing electrodes are used to produce the final beam. As few as five electrodes can be used, providing a very compact FIB system with a length down to only 20 mm. Multibeamlet arrangements with a single ion source can be produced to increase throughput. The FIB system can be used for nanolithography and doping applications for fabrication of semiconductor devices with minimum feature sizes of 0.1 m or less. 13 figs.

Leung, K.; Gough, R.A.; Ji, Q.; Lee, Y.Y.

1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

64

Subsurface contaminants focus area  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Enregy (DOE) Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area is developing technologies to address environmental problems associated with hazardous and radioactive contaminants in soil and groundwater that exist throughout the DOE complex, including radionuclides, heavy metals; and dense non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs). More than 5,700 known DOE groundwater plumes have contaminated over 600 billion gallons of water and 200 million cubic meters of soil. Migration of these plumes threatens local and regional water sources, and in some cases has already adversely impacted off-site rsources. In addition, the Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area is responsible for supplying technologies for the remediation of numerous landfills at DOE facilities. These landfills are estimated to contain over 3 million cubic meters of radioactive and hazardous buried Technology developed within this specialty area will provide efective methods to contain contaminant plumes and new or alternative technologies for development of in situ technologies to minimize waste disposal costs and potential worker exposure by treating plumes in place. While addressing contaminant plumes emanating from DOE landfills, the Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area is also working to develop new or alternative technologies for the in situ stabilization, and nonintrusive characterization of these disposal sites.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Nuclear Incident Team | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Incident Team | National Nuclear Security Administration People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing...

66

Simulations of neutralized final focus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

result of too little plasma density near focus where n b > nof a plasma- neutralized solenoidal final focus. A Ne+ beamto NDC, beam-plasma instability growth and final focus in a

Welch, D.R.; Rose, D.V.; Genoni, T.C.; Yu, S.S.; Barnard, J.J.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Focus Group | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Focus Group Meeting (Activities Status) Meeting agenda, summary and 2011 Directives Reform Status Meeting Date: May 19, 2011 January 20, 2011 Focus Group Meeting (Activities...

68

Focus Series | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Better Buildings Partners Focus Series Focus Series On-Bill Financing Brings Lenders and Homeowners on Board bbnpfocusseriescew9-2-14.jpg Read how Clean Energy Works'...

69

Definition: Angle of incidence | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Angle of incidence Angle of incidence Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Angle of incidence In reference to solar energy systems: the angle a ray of sun makes with a line perpendicular to a surface; for example, a surface directly facing the sun has an angle of incidence of zero, and a surface parallel to the sun (such as a sunrise striking a horizontal rooftop) has an angle of incidence of 90°. Sunlight with an incident angle of 90° tends to be absorbed, while lower angles tend to be reflected.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Angle of incidence is a measure of deviation of something from "straight on", for example: in the approach of a ray to a surface, or the angle at which the wing or horizontal tail of an airplane is installed on the fuselage, measured relative to the axis of the fuselage.

70

JC3 Incident Reporting | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Management » JC3 Incident Reporting Management » JC3 Incident Reporting JC3 Incident Reporting JC3 Incident Reporting Procedures U.S. Department of Energy Facilities/Contractors Only DOE O 205.1-B Chg 2 4.(c)(13) DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CYBER SECURITY PROGRAM requires a defined "process for incident reporting that requires all cyber security incidents involving information or information systems, including privacy breaches, under DOE or DOE contractor control must be identified, mitigated, categorized, and reported to the Joint Cybersecurity Coordination Center (JC3) in accordance with JC3 procedures and guidance." This document outlines the referenced JC3 reporting procedures and guidance to facilitate your reporting and CIRC's response activity. CIRC should be informed of all reportable cyber security incidents as specified below.

71

Cyber Incident Information | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Services » Guidance » Privacy » Cyber Incident Information Services » Guidance » Privacy » Cyber Incident Information Cyber Incident Information July 2013 Cyber Incident The Department of Energy has confirmed a cyber incident that occurred at the end of July and resulted in the unauthorized disclosure of federal employee Personally Identifiable Information (PII). January 2013 Cyber Incident The Department of Energy (DOE) has confirmed a cyber incident that occurred in mid-January 2013 which targeted the Headquarters' network and resulted in the unauthorized disclosure of employee and contractor Personally Identifiable Information (PII). Tips to Monitor Your Identity Here is a suggested list of tips to monitor and protect yourself. Assistive Technology Forms Guidance Capital Planning Information Collection Management

72

Focus Area 3 Deliverables  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 - Commercial Grade item and Services 3 - Commercial Grade item and Services Dedication Implementation and Nuclear Services Office of Environmental Management And Energy Facility Contractors Group Quality Assurance Improvement Project Plan Project Focus Area Task # and Description Deliverable Project Area 3-Commercial Grade Item and Services Dedication 3.1-Complete a survey of selected EM contractors to identify the process and basis for their CGI dedication program including safety classification of items being dedicated for nuclear applications within their facilities Completed Survey Approvals: Yes/No/NA Project Managers: S. Waisley, D. Tuttel Yes Executive Committee: D. Chung, J. Yanek, N. Barker, D. Amerine No EM QA Corporate Board: No Energy Facility Contractors Group

73

Recent Developments in Field Response for Mitigation of Radiological Incidents  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Recent Developments in Field Response for Mitigation of Radiological Incidents Carlos Corredor*, Department of Energy ; Charley Yu, Argonne National Labs Abstract: Since September 11, 2001, there has been a large effort by the government to develop new methods to reduce the consequence of potential radiological incidents. This is evident in the enhancement of technologies and methods to detect, prepare, or manage radiological incidents or accidents . With any radiological accident, radiological dispersal device (RDD), or improvised nuclear device (IND) , the major focus is always on the immediate phase of an incident or accident and less centered on the intermediate phase and the late recovery phase of that incident. In support of the 2008 protective action guides(PAGs) for RDDs , established by the Department of Homeland Security and by agreement with the EPA, the White House requested establishment of a series of operational guidelines that would focus on efforts during all phases of the incident and not just the immediate phase. Operational Guidelines were developed for this purpose. The operational guidelines are dose based pre-derived levels of radioactivity or radionuclide concentrations in various media that can be measured in the field and compared to the PAGs to quickly determine if protective actions are warranted. I.e can certain roads, bridges or metro systems be used, can the public return to their homes or businesses, can the public consume certain foods, etc. An operational guidelines manual, developed by a federal interagency working group led by the Department of Energy (DOE), was published in 2009 as the Preliminary Report on Operational Guidelines Developed for Use in Emergency Response to a Radiological Dispersal Device Incident, with its companion software RESidual RADiation (RESRAD)-RDD. With the development of the new PAG Manual (Interim Final 2013) by the EPA, an interagency working group was created under the auspices of the ISCORS to develop a revised operational guidelines manual that would reflect the changes by EPAs new PAG Manual, new best available technology based on new dosimetric models (ICRP 60+), include operational guidelines for INDs and increase the amount of radionuclides in the OGT Manual from 11 radioisotopes to 55. The new manual is scheduled for publication in 2015.

74

Dental radiology considerations in DVI incidents: A review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Multiple fatality incidents frequently have a significant forensic dental identification component. The use of radiographs, that provide objective evidence of the dentition prior to and after death is a vital part of the reconciliation procedure. Although these events share some common elements, every multiple fatality incident response has its own idiosyncrasies that require both flexibility and advance planning. The focus, from a post mortem perspective, is the making of excellent, permanent, and archival-quality images. The post mortem plan should have a capability for conventional film-based and digital imaging. Additionally, images should be produced in a radiobiologically responsible manner using optimum body-substance precautions. Finally, images (both ante mortem and post mortem) must be held in a secure fashion at a distance, protected from further hazard.

R.E. Wood; S.L. Kogon

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

ORISE: The Medical Aspects of Radiation Incidents  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

discussed in The Medical Aspects of Radiation Incidents are: basic health physics and dose estimation (US and SI units) treatment of whole body and acute local irradiation issues...

76

Plasma focus assisted damage studies on tungsten  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tungsten is being considered as a front runner choice for the plasma facing component material of next generation fusion reactor because of its superior thermophysical and mechanical properties. Therefore, it is essential to study the ion material interaction of this material for its response to severe conditions of fusion reactor. In this work, we have used an ingenious ion source a namely plasma focus to study the effect of proton irradiation on tungsten under various experimental conditions. Exposed and reference tungsten samples were analyzed using optical microscope, scanning electron microscope, atomic force microscope, grazing incidence X-ray diffraction and Vickers hardness tester. Surface analyses confirm the formation of microcracks, bubbles, blisters, holes, etc. X-ray diffraction pattern confirms the development of compressive stress on the sample due to thermal load and formation of other phases or some expanded phases. A slight reduction in hardness values is observed in case of the exposed sample than the reference sample.

M. Bhuyan; S.R. Mohanty; C.V.S. Rao; P.A. Rayjada; P.M. Raole

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Focus Areas | Critical Materials Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Focus Areas FA 1: Diversifying Supply FA 2: Developing Substitutes FA 3: Improving Reuse and Recycling FA 4: Crosscutting Research...

78

Incidence of Childhood Obesity in the United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...stratified the estimates of prevalence and incidence according to sex, quintile of the kindergartners' household socioeconomic status, and race or ethnic group (non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, or "other"). To understand the importance of weight early in life, we also stratified the data according... According to this report, nearly half of children who became obese between the ages of 5 and 14 years had been overweight and 75% had been above the 70th percentile for BMI at the start of kindergarten. Focusing on early childhood obesity may be important in stemming the epidemic.

Cunningham S.A.Kramer M.R.Narayan K.M.V.

2014-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

79

Dynamic detection of nuclear reactor core incident  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Surveillance, safety and security of evolving systems are a challenge to prevent accident. The dynamic detection of a hypothetical and theoretical blockage incident in the Phenix nuclear reactor is investigated. Such an incident is characterized by abnormal ... Keywords: Contrast, Dynamic detection of perturbations, Evolving system, Fast-neutron reactor, Neighbourhood, Noise

Laurent Hartert; Danielle Nuzillard; Jean-Philippe Jeannot

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Chapter_11_Incidents_of_Security_Concern  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 Incidents of Security Concern This chapter covers the DOE HQ implementation of DOE Order 470.4B, Safeguards and Security Program, Attachment 5, Incidents of Security Concern. HS-91 manages the HQ Security Incidents Program. Incidents of Security Concern (henceforth referred to as Incidents) are actions, inactions, or events that are believed to: * Pose threats to national security interests and/or DOE assets * Create potentially serious or dangerous security situations * Significantly affect the safeguards and security program's capability to protect DOE safeguards and security interests * Indicate failure to adhere to security procedures * Reveal that the system is not functioning properly, by identifying and/or mitigating potential threats (e.g., detecting suspicious activity, hostile acts, etc.).

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "focuses incident insolation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

ORISE: Incident Command System (ICS) Training  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Incident Command System (ICS) Training Incident Command System (ICS) Training The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) supports the emergency response community by promoting interagency cooperation and developing training that enhances response efforts. An example of such support involves the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Emergency Response and its compliance efforts toward the Homeland Security Presidential Directive-5 (HSPD-5), which includes the implementation of National Incident Management System (NIMS)/Incident Command System (ICS) and the National Response Framework (NRF). The ICS, which has been recognized for its training curricula that has exceeded national standards, is an on-scene, all-hazard incident management concept that was originally designed for emergency management agencies, but

82

Incident Report An incident report should be submitted for any event involving  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Incident Report An incident report should be submitted for any event involving: injury or illness fire explosion or implosion chemical exposure Minor cuts and scrapes need not be reported be reported. If a "near miss" might have had severe consequences, submit an incident report. You may also

Crawford, T. Daniel

83

Editorial Focus Editorial Focus: Going with the Wnt? Focus on "Hyperaldosteronism,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Editorial Focus Editorial Focus: Going with the Wnt? Focus on "Hyperaldosteronism, hypervolemia in mice and humans. Upon binding of these lipid-modified glycopeptides to their plasma membrane receptors complex to the plasma membrane, which leads to degradation of the complex and release of ?

Just, Armin

84

Incident Prevention, Warning, and Response (IPWAR) Manual  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This Manual defines a structured, cohesive, and consistent process for performing incident prevention, warning, and response for DOE's Federal information systems and is consistent with the requirements of Federal laws, Executive orders, national security directives, and other regulations. The Manual also provides requirements and implementation instructions for the Department's Incident Prevention, Warning and Response process, and supplements DOE O 205.1, Department of Energy Cyber Security Management Program, dated 3-21-03. DOE N 205.17 cancels this manual. This manual cancels DOE N 205.4, Handling Cyber Security Alerts and Advisories and Reporting Cyber Security Incidents, dated 3/18/2002.

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

85

Fuel Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica Jump to: navigation, search Name Fuel Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica Agency/Company /Organization Resources for the Future Sector Energy Focus Area Conventional Energy Topics Finance, Market analysis, Background analysis Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.rff.org/RFF/Documen Country Costa Rica UN Region Latin America and the Caribbean References Fuel Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica[1] Abstract "Although fuel taxes are a practical means of curbing vehicular air pollution, congestion, and accidents in developing countries-all of which are typically major problems-they are often opposed on distributional

86

Definition: Cyber Security Incident | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Security Incident Security Incident Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Cyber Security Incident Any malicious act or suspicious event that: Compromises, or was an attempt to compromise, the Electronic Security Perimeter or Physical Security Perimeter of a Critical Cyber Asset, or, Disrupts, or was an attempt to disrupt, the operation of a Critical Cyber Asset.[1] Related Terms Electronic Security Perimeter References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Cyber_Security_Incident&oldid=480296" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version

87

General surface equations for glancing incidence telescopes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A generalized set of equations are derived for two mirror glancing incidence telescopes using Fermats principle, a differential form of the law of reflection, the generalized sine...

Saha, Timo T

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Radioactive Materials Transportation and Incident Response  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FEMA 358, 05/10 FEMA 358, 05/10 Q A RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS Transportation Emergency Preparedness Program U.S. Department of Energy TRANSPORTATION AND INCIDENT RESPONSE Q&A About Incident Response Q Q Law Enforcement ____________________________________ Fire ___________________________________________ Medical ____________________________________________ State Radiological Assistance ___________________________ Local Government Official ______________________________ Local Emergency Management Agency ___________________ State Emergency Management Agency ___________________ HAZMAT Team ______________________________________ Water Pollution Control ________________________________ CHEMTEL (Toll-free US & Canada) 1-800-255-3924 _________ CHEMTREC (Toll-free US & Canada) 1-800-424-9300 _______

89

Establishing and operating an incident response team  

SciTech Connect

Occurrences of improprieties dealing with computer usage are on the increase. They range all the way from misuse by employees to international computer telecommunications hacking. In addition, natural disasters and other disasters such as catastrophic fires may also fall into the same category. These incidents, like any other breach of acceptable behavior, may or may not involve actual law breaking. A computer incident response team should be created as a first priority. This report discusses the establishment and operation of a response team.

Padgett, K.M.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Establishing and operating an incident response team  

SciTech Connect

Occurrences of improprieties dealing with computer usage are on the increase. They range all the way from misuse by employees to international computer telecommunications hacking. In addition, natural disasters and other disasters such as catastrophic fires may also fall into the same category. These incidents, like any other breach of acceptable behavior, may or may not involve actual law breaking. A computer incident response team should be created as a first priority. This report discusses the establishment and operation of a response team.

Padgett, K.M.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Novel applications of data mining methodologies to incident databases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Incident databases provide an excellent opportunity to study the repeated situations of incidents in the process industry. The databases give an insight into the situation which led to an incident, and if studied properly can help monitor...

Anand, Sumit

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

92

Highly asymmetric Laue focusing monochromator  

SciTech Connect

By using two highly asymmetric Laue crystals in a dispersive arrangement with a circular profile (Oe 8 mm) we have created a sagittaly focusing Laue system for the first time. The crystallographic planes (111) of the two Si crystals formed an angle of 7.95 deg. with the entrance surface. The crystals dimensions were 40 mmx20 mm and the diffracting surface was a 0.5 mm thick neck between the two circular profiles. The 15.35 keV diffracted beam formed an angle of 0.55 deg. with the exit surface. The calculated focusing distance of the Laue-Laue focusing system was 14 m.

Oberta, P. [Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic v.v.i., Na Slovance 2, Praha 8 (Czech Republic); Swiss Light Source, Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen (Switzerland); Mikulik, P. [Department of Condensed Matter Physics, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Kotlarska 2, Brno (Czech Republic); Hrdy, J.; Kittler, M. [Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic v.v.i., Na Slovance 2, Praha 8 (Czech Republic)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

93

Focus Areas | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mission » Focus Areas Mission » Focus Areas Focus Areas Safety With this focus on cleanup completion and risk reducing results, safety still remains the utmost priority. EM will continue to maintain and demand the highest safety performance. All workers deserve to go home as healthy as they were when they came to the job in the morning. There is no schedule or milestone worth any injury to the work force. Project Management EM is increasing its concentration on project management to improve its overall performance toward cost-effective risk reduction. This will involve review of validated project baselines, schedules, and assumptions about effective identification and management of risks. Instrumental in refining the technical and business approaches to project management are the senior

94

Some facts about weapon focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Weapon focus refers to the concentration of acrime witness's attention on a weapon, and the resultant reduction in ability to ... that subjects made more eye fixations on the weapon than on the check, and fixat...

Elizabeth F. Loftus; Geoffrey R. Loftus; Jane Messo

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Focus Area Tax Credits (Maryland)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Focus Area Tax Credits for businesses in Baltimore City or Prince Georges County enterprise zones include: (1) Ten-year, 80% credit against local real property taxes on a portion of real property...

96

Focus Groups | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Outreach & Collaboration » Focus Groups Outreach & Collaboration » Focus Groups Focus Groups A forum for interface between union worker representatives and senior DOE managers and stakeholders to address key issues and concerns from worker perspectives, share information regarding HSS activities and programs, and identify potential opportunities to work together to improve worker health and safety at DOE sites. Learn more about the HSS Focus Groups... Labor Management Meetings and Activities HSS provides forums for communication between labor and management related to worker health, safety and security improvements across the DOE complex. 10 CFR 851 Worker Safety and Health Program The 10 C.F.R. 851 Work Group promotes excellence in the implementation of 10 C.F.R. 851, "Worker Safety and Health" and continuous improvement in the

97

Computerized Accident/Incident Reporting System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accident Recordkeeping and Reporting Accident Recordkeeping and Reporting Accident/Incident Recordkeeping and Reporting CAIRS logo Computerized Accident Incident Reporting System CAIRS Database The Computerized Accident/Incident Reporting System is a database used to collect and analyze DOE and DOE contractor reports of injuries, illnesses, and other accidents that occur during DOE operations. Injury and Illness Dashboard The Dashboard provides an alternate interface to CAIRS information. The initial release of the Dashboard allows analysis of composite DOE-wide information and summary information by Program Office, and site. Additional data feature are under development. CAIRS Registration Form CAIRS is a Government computer system and, as such, has security requirements that must be followed. Access to the

98

Independent Oversight Focused Program Review, Argonne National...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Focused Program Review, Argonne National Laboratory-West - May 2001 Independent Oversight Focused Program Review, Argonne National Laboratory-West - May 2001 May 2001 Focused...

99

Magnetically focused liquid drop radiator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetically focused liquid drop radiator for application in rejecting energy from a spacecraft, characterized by a magnetizable liquid or slurry disposed in operative relationship within the liquid droplet generator and its fluid delivery system, in combination with magnetic means disposed in operative relationship around a liquid droplet collector of the LDR. The magnetic means are effective to focus streams of droplets directed from the generator toward the collector, thereby to assure that essentially all of the droplets are directed into the collector, even though some of the streams may be misdirected as they leave the generator. The magnetic focusing means is also effective to suppress splashing of liquid when the droplets impinge on the collector.

Botts, T.E.; Powell, J.R.; Lenard, R.

1984-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

100

Independent Oversight Focused Safety Management Evaluation, Idaho...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Focused Safety Management Evaluation, Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory - January 2001 Independent Oversight Focused Safety Management Evaluation, Idaho...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "focuses incident insolation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Focus On.... Biodiversity and Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Focus On.... Biodiversity and Conservation This resource guide aims to provide useful, detailed, high quality sources of information on biodiversity and conservation for students in Higher and Further into biodiversity and government bodies trying to implement conservation measures, but there are many others

Miranda, Eduardo Reck

102

WORLDWIDE FOCUS ON NUCLEAR WASTE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

WORLDWIDE FOCUS ON NUCLEAR WASTE ... Volume grows and years pile up, but world lacks consensus on disposing of nuclear waste ... WHAT TO DO WITH SPENT nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste is a problem shared by much of the world. ...

JEFF JOHNSON

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

103

Winter 2010 EVENTS FOCUS: RUSSIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Winter 2010 EVENTS FOCUS: RUSSIA Tue, Jan 12, 4-5:30 pm WCED/CREES/Ford School Lecture. "U.S.-Russia Relations: Status of the `Reset'." John Beyrle, U.S. Ambassador to Russia. Co-sponsors: International Policy and literature, Oberlin College. Wed, Feb 3, 12-1:30 pm CREES Brown Bag. "Nostalgia in Post-Socialist Russia

Eustice, Ryan

104

Focused X-ray source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is an intense, relatively inexpensive X-ray source (as compared to a synchrotron emitter) for technological, scientific, and spectroscopic purposes. A conical radiation pattern produced by a single foil or stack of foils is focused by optics to increase the intensity of the radiation at a distance from the conical radiator. 8 figs.

Piestrup, M.A.; Boyers, D.G.; Pincus, C.I.; Maccagno, P.

1990-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

105

FM032_r1_0_Incident Report.doc 03/04/09 CNS Incident Report Form  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FM032_r1_0_Incident Report.doc 03/04/09 CNS Incident Report Form Incident Information Date and Time Instructions on reverse #12;FM032_r1_0_Incident Report.doc 03/04/09 FM032 Instructions 1. This form. This form is not a substitute for other reporting obligations including University Injury reports. #12;

106

Infrared measurements and simulations of metal meshes in a focused beam  

SciTech Connect

Infrared transmittance measurements of quasioptical filters are often restricted to a focused beam due to the optical design of the spectrometer. In contrast, numerical simulations assume an incident plane wave, which makes it difficult to compare theory with experimental data. We compare transmittance measurements with numerical simulations of square arrays of circular holes in 3-?m thick Cu sheets at angles of incidence from 0 to 20 for both s and p polarizations. These simple structures allow detailed tests of our electromagnetic simulation methods and show excellent agreement between theory and measurement. Measurements in a focused beam are accurately simulated by combining plane wave calculations over a range of angles that correspond to the focal ratio of the incident beam. Similar screens have been used as components of narrow bandpass filters for far-infrared astronomy, but these results show that the transmittance variations with angle of incidence and polarization limit their use to collimated beams at near normal incidence. The simulations are accurate enough to eliminate a costly trial-and-error approach to the design of more complex and useful quasioptical infrared filters and to predict their in-band performance and out-of-band blocking in focused beams.

Stewart, K. P., E-mail: ken.stewart@nrl.navy.mil [Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Mller, K. D.; Grebel, H. [Electrical Engineering Department, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Electronic Imaging Center, Newark, New Jersey 07102 (United States)

2014-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

107

Computational simulation of plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The movement and shaping of the plasma sheet in a plasma focus is modeled by means of finite elements. The sheet is represented by conical segments carrying mass internal energy and momentum. The Lorentz force accelerates each element in its normal direction which leads to the continuous reshaping of the sheet. Tracking techniques should be applied to the nodes between the elements in order to avoid numerical instabilities. The results are compared against experimental data showing good agreement.

G. Correa-Reina; F. Casanova; M. Vnere; C. Moreno; H. Bruzzone; A. Clausse

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Electrically floating, near vertical incidence, skywave antenna  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An Electrically Floating, Near Vertical Incidence, Skywave (NVIS) Antenna comprising an antenna element, a floating ground element, and a grounding element. At least part of said floating ground element is positioned between said antenna element and said grounding element. The antenna is separated from the floating ground element and the grounding element by one or more electrical insulators. The floating ground element is separated from said antenna and said grounding element by one or more electrical insulators.

Anderson, Allen A.; Kaser, Timothy G.; Tremblay, Paul A.; Mays, Belva L.

2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

109

Tanks focus area. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management is tasked with a major remediation project to treat and dispose of radioactive waste in hundreds of underground storage tanks. These tanks contain about 90,000,000 gallons of high-level and transuranic wastes. We have 68 known or assumed leaking tanks, that have allowed waste to migrate into the soil surrounding the tank. In some cases, the tank contents have reacted to form flammable gases, introducing additional safety risks. These tanks must be maintained in the safest possible condition until their eventual remediation to reduce the risk of waste migration and exposure to workers, the public, and the environment. Science and technology development for safer, more efficient, and cost-effective waste treatment methods will speed up progress toward the final remediation of these tanks. The DOE Office of Environmental Management established the Tanks Focus Area to serve as the DOE-EM`s technology development program for radioactive waste tank remediation in partnership with the Offices of Waste Management and Environmental Restoration. The Tanks Focus Area is responsible for leading, coordinating, and facilitating science and technology development to support remediation at DOE`s four major tank sites: the Hanford Site in Washington State, Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory in Idaho, Oak Ridge Reservation in Tennessee, and the Savannah River Site in South Carolina. The technical scope covers the major functions that comprise a complete tank remediation system: waste retrieval, waste pretreatment, waste immobilization, tank closure, and characterization of both the waste and tank. Safety is integrated across all the functions and is a key component of the Tanks Focus Area program.

Frey, J.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

110

Focus on rotary drill rigs  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses the drill rig, focusing on the rotary drill rigs. There are two principal drilling methods - rotary and percussion. In certain situations, percussion drilling is the most practical method, but for most applications, rotary drilling using the rotary-tricone bit with either steel-toothed cones or carbide inserts, is the common and accepted drilling technique. There are four principal reasons for a rotary drill rig: to provide power to the rotary-tricone bit; to provide air to clean the hole; to provide a life-support system for the rotary-tricone bits; and, to provide a stable and efficient platform from which to drill the hole.

Schivley, G.P. Jr.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Comparison of plasma focus calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simple model for the current history of plasma focus experiments is presented. The presence of a leak current which does not pass through the plasma sheath is allowed. Results are found to compare quite well with those of much more sophisticated two?dimensional magnetohydrodynamic calculations. For the Frascati experiment which has detailed current measurements computed results do not agree with experimentally derived values. A reasonable match for the total current in the Frascati experiment can be found by lowering the leak current. Both total and leak current can be matched if a mass loss from the run?down region is allowed.

Peter G. Eltgroth

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Tunable, oblique incidence resonant grating filter for telecommunications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have designed a tunable, oblique-incidence resonant grating filter that covers the C band as an add-drop device for incident TE-polarized light. We tune the filter by tilting a...

Niederer, Guido; Herzig, Hans Peter; Shamir, Joseph; Thiele, Hans; Schnieper, Marc; Zschokke, Christian

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

EM-Led Radiological Incident Response Program Receives Honors...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EM-Led Radiological Incident Response Program Receives Honors EM-Led Radiological Incident Response Program Receives Honors May 29, 2014 - 12:00pm Addthis Jessie Welch performs...

114

Geothermal Academy: Focus Center | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Academy: Focus Center Geothermal Academy: Focus Center Project objective: to develop a sufficiently robust data collection and analysis framework to: Accommodate many different...

115

Hydrogen Fuel Quality - Focus: Analytical Methods Development...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fuel Quality - Focus: Analytical Methods Development & Hydrogen Fuel Quality Results Hydrogen Fuel Quality - Focus: Analytical Methods Development & Hydrogen Fuel Quality Results...

116

Energy focusing in bubbly flows  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sonoluminescence cavitation damage at surfaces and cavitation in accelerating flows are realizations of spectacular levels of energy focusing in nature. In a resonant sound field a single trapped bubble of gas can focus the ambient sound energy by 12 orders of magnitude to generate a clocklike string of picosecond flashes of ultraviolet light. [Barber et al. Defining the unknowns of sonoluminescence Phys. Rep. 281 65 (1977)]. In more complicated geometries a high level of sound leads to the formation of hemispherical bubbles attached to an exposed surface. These bubbles also emit light and in addition damage the surface. Measurements show that the pulsation of these bubbles maintains the hemispherical symmetry [Weninger et al. Sonoluminescence from an isolated bubble on a solid surface Phys. Rev. E 56 6745 (1997)] thus raising the question as to whether cavitation damage is due to (micro)jets or imploding (hemispherical) shock waves. Finally flow through a Venturi tube generates a stream of bubbles which also emit subnanosecond flashes of light [F. B. Peterson and T. P. Anderson Phys. Fluids 10 874 (1967)]. Luminescence from an isolated trapped bubble in water seems to work well with any noble gas whereas luminescence from cavitating flows and surface bubbles is quite dependent on xenon [argon bubbles appear to give no light at all]. The width of the SL flash [Gompf et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 79 1405 (1997) Hiller et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 80 1090 (1998)] has been found to be independent of wavelength suggesting that light is emitted from a new high energy phase of matter?probably a cold dense nano?plasma. The key unknowns of SL are the size and temperature of the hot spot from which the light is emitted. Experiments aimed at measuring these quantities will be discussed. [Research supported by the NSF.] a)Present address: CMS Los Alamos National Laboratories Los Alamos NM. b)Present address: Lucent Technologies Murray Hill NJ.

Seth Putterman; Keith Weninger; Robert A. Hiller; Bradley P. Barber

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Hazardous Materials Incident Response Procedure | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hazardous Materials Incident Response Procedure Hazardous Materials Incident Response Procedure Hazardous Materials Incident Response Procedure The purpose of this procedure is to provide guidance for developing an emergency response plan, as outlined in OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.120(q), for facility response. This model has been adopted and applied to work for response to transportation accidents involving radioactive material or other hazardous materials incidents Hazardous Materials Incident Response Procedure.docx More Documents & Publications Handling and Packaging a Potentially Radiologically Contaminated Patient Decontamination Dressdown at a Transportation Accident Involving Radioactive Material Medical Examiner/Coroner on the Handling of a Body/Human Remains that are Potentially Radiologically Contaminated

118

Evaluation of Incident Risks in a Repository for Radioactive Waste  

SciTech Connect

A probabilistic safety assessment of the operation phase of a repository for radioactive waste requires the knowledge of incident risks. These are evaluated from generic observations. The present method accounts for the uncertainty (1) of whether an incident occurs, (2) of the incident rate, (3) of the duration of generic observation, and (4) of the duration of operation phase of the repository. It yields a mean risk and its standard deviation from a minimum of generic data, comprising only the number of observed incidents and the duration of the observation, as more comprehensive generic data are seldom available. It was shown that incidents sharing a common generic observation must be either merged together to a total incident or the generic observation must be split up in sub-observations, one for each such incident. The method was tested on the example of the German Konrad repository for low-level waste in a deep geological formation. (authors)

Grundler, D.; Mariae, D.; Muller, W.; Boetsch, W. [Institut fur Sicherheitstechnologie (ISTec), Koln (Germany); Thiel, J. [Bundesamt fur Strahlenschutz (BfS), Salzgitter (Germany)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Updated fracture incidence rates for the US version of FRAX  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

presenting with non-vertebral fractures. Osteoporos Int 18:2006) Epidemiology of vertebral fractures: implications forORIGINAL ARTICLE Updated fracture incidence rates for the US

Ettinger, B.; Black, D. M.; Dawson-Hughes, B.; Pressman, A. R.; Melton, L. J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Model Recovery Procedure for Response to a Radiological Transportation Incident  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This Transportation Emergency Preparedness Program (TEPP) Model Recovery Procedure contains the recommended elements for developing and conducting recovery planning at transportation incident scene...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "focuses incident insolation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Use of incident databases for cause and consequence analysis and national estimates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

stored in existing databases can lead to useful conclusions and reduction of chemical incidents and consequences of incidents. An incident database is a knowledge based system that can give an insight to the situation which led to an incident. Effective...

Obidullah, A.S.M.

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

122

HelioFocus | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HelioFocus HelioFocus Jump to: navigation, search Name HelioFocus Place Israel Zip 74036 Sector Efficiency, Solar Product Israel-based firm engaged in the development of modular, high efficiency concentrated solar power (CSP)systems. References HelioFocus[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. HelioFocus is a company located in Israel . References ↑ "HelioFocus" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=HelioFocus&oldid=346456" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

123

Incident involving UCSD student(s) takes place. UCSD STUDENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Incident involving UCSD student(s) takes place. UCSD STUDENT CONDUCT PROCESS for individual students (updated 9/20/11) The Office of Student Conduct receives an incident report (i.e. RA, RSO, UCSD Police, student/faculty/staff complaint, etc). If sufficient evidence is present to support a violation

Russell, Lynn

124

Abstract B17: Health disparities in brain cancer incidence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...GA Abstract B17: Health disparities in brain cancer incidence Emanuela Taioli 1 Wenqi...reported that US black patients have lower brain cancer rates than whites, and this has...Gregory J. Riggins. Health disparities in brain cancer incidence. [abstract]. In...

Emanuela Taioli; Wenqi Gan; Gregory J. Riggins

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Needs of Non Energy-Focused Contractors  

SciTech Connect

To better understand the informational needs of non energy-focused contractors, including what information they need to motivate them to become energy-focused, the BARA team studied the type of information provided by the national programs, trade associations, and manufacturers that were researched for the related technical report: Effective Communication of Energy Efficiency. While that report focused on the delivery method, format, and strategy of the information, this study examines the content being put forward.

Liaukus, C.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Focusing and energy deposition inside random media  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The degree of control over waves transmitted through random media is determined by characteristics of the singular values of the transmission matrix. This Letter explores focusing and...

Cheng, Xiaojun; Genack, Azriel Z

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Focus Group Activities | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

representatives. The Focus Group Forum has resulted in integrated collaborative worker health and safety improvement activities in the areas of Training, 10 CFR 851 Implementation...

128

Tests of a grazing-incidence ring resonator free-electron laser  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on the Boeing free-electron laser (FEL) optical cavity that has been changed from a simple concentric cavity using two spherical mirrors to a larger grazing-incidence ring resonator. The new resonator consists of two mirror telescopes located at each end of the wiggler with a round-trip path length of approximately 133 m. Each telescope is a grazing-incidence hyperboloid followed by a normal-incidence paraboloid. Initial tests showed that poorly positioned ring focus and unreliable pointing alignment resulted in reduced and structured FEL output. (First lasing operation occurred on March 23 and 24, 1990.) Later efforts concentrated on improving the resonator alignment techniques and lowering the single-pass losses. FEL performance and reliability have significantly improved due to better ring alignment. The alignment procedure and recent lasing results are described. The effect the electron beam has on lasing is also discussed. Measurements are presented showing how FEL temporal output and wavelength are sensitive to electron beam energy variations.

Dowell, D.H.; Laucks, M.L.; Lowrey, A.R.; Adamski, J.L.; Pistoresi, D.J.; Shoffstall, D.R. (Boeing Aerospace and Electronics, Seattle, WA (US)); Bentz, M.P.; Burns, R.H.; Guha, J.; Sun, K.; Tomita, W. (Rockwell International Corp., Canoga Park, CA (United States). Rocketdyne Div.); Lumpkin, A.H.; Bender, S.; Byrd, D.; Tokar, R.L. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Temperature Measurements at an Implosion Focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Temperature Measurements at an Implosion Focus T. Saito I. I. Glass Spectroscopic temperature...temperatures were measured at the implosion focus by using a medium quartz Hilger spectrograph...very close to unity, confirmed that the plasma was a black body. Numerical studies with...

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Neutron emission studies in dense plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neutron emission studies in dense plasma focus under low pressure and high pressure operation has been carried out. Parametric studies of dynamic behavior of plasma focus also has been made by means of laser holographic interferometry nuclear activation methods and neutron T. O. F detection including pinhole camera. Experimental result was compared with the z?pinch.

M. Yokoyama; Y. Kitagawa; Y. Yamada

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Low voltage operation of plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Plasma foci of compact sizes and operating with low energies (from tens of joules to few hundred joules) have found application in recent years and have attracted plasma-physics scientists and engineers for research in this direction. We are presenting a low energy and miniature plasma focus which operates from a capacitor bank of 8.4 ? ? F capacity charged at 4.24.3 kV and delivering approximately 52 kA peak current at approximately 60 nH calculated circuit inductance. The total circuit inductance includes the plasma focusinductance. The reported plasma focus operates at the lowest voltage among all reported plasma foci so far. Moreover the cost of capacitor bank used for plasma focus is nearly 20 U.S. dollars making it very cheap. At low voltage operation of plasma focus the initial breakdown mechanism becomes important for operation of plasma focus. The quartz glass tube is used as insulator and breakdown initiation is done on its surface. The total energy of the plasma focus is approximately 75 J. The plasma focus system is made compact and the switching of capacitor bank energy is done by manual operating switch. The focus is operated with hydrogen and deuterium filled at 12 mbar.

Rohit Shukla; S. K. Sharma; P. Banerjee; R. Das; P. Deb; T. Prabahar; B. K. Das; B. Adhikary; A. Shyam

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

FEMP/NTDP Technology Focus New Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FEMP/NTDP Technology Focus New Technology Demonstration Program Technology Focus FEMPFederal Energy Management Program Trends in Energy Management Technology: BCS Integration Technologies ­ Open Communications into a complete EMCIS. The first article [1] covered enabling technologies for emerging energy management systems

133

Harmonic generation with temporally focused ultrashort pulses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Harmonic generation with temporally focused ultrashort pulses Dan Oron and Yaron Silberberg of harmonic generation with temporally focused ultrashort pulses are explored both theoreti- cally and experimentally. Analyzing the phase-matching conditions for harmonic generation we find a corre- spondence

Silberberg, Yaron

134

Focus on Energy Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Focus on Energy Program Focus on Energy Program Focus on Energy Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Bioenergy Buying & Making Electricity Solar Heating & Cooling Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Wind Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Public Benefits Fund Wisconsin Focus on Energy supports statewide programs that promote energy efficiency and renewable energy*. The program was initially created by Act 9 of 1999 as a public benefit fund (PBF), which also provided energy assistance programs for low-income residents (the [http://homeenergyplus.wi.gov/ Home Energy Plus Program]). Focus on Energy was restructured in March 2006 by S.B. 459 (2005 Act 141). This law, most

135

Independent Oversight Focused Program Review, Argonne National  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Focused Program Review, Argonne National Focused Program Review, Argonne National Laboratory-West - May 2001 Independent Oversight Focused Program Review, Argonne National Laboratory-West - May 2001 May 2001 Focused Program Review at Argonne National Laboratory-West The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Emergency Management Oversight, within the Secretary of Energy's Office of Independent Oversight and Performance Assurance, conducted a focused review of the emergency management program at Argonne National Laboratory-West (ANL-W) in May 2001. There were two primary objectives for this review: to evaluate the extent to which the emergency planning hazards assessment (EPHA) document serves as an effective foundation for the ANL-W emergency management program, and to determine whether the necessary interfaces have been established among

136

Tanks Focus Area annual report FY2000  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) continues to face a major radioactive waste tank remediation effort with tanks containing hazardous and radioactive waste resulting from the production of nuclear materials. With some 90 million gallons of waste in the form of solid, sludge, liquid, and gas stored in 287 tanks across the DOE complex, containing approximately 650 million curies, radioactive waste storage tank remediation is the nation's highest cleanup priority. Differing waste types and unique technical issues require specialized science and technology to achieve tank cleanup in an environmentally acceptable manner. Some of the waste has been stored for over 50 years in tanks that have exceeded their design lives. The challenge is to characterize and maintain these contents in a safe condition and continue to remediate and close each tank to minimize the risks of waste migration and exposure to workers, the public, and the environment. In 1994, the DOE's Office of Environmental Management (EM) created a group of integrated, multiorganizational teams focusing on specific areas of the EM cleanup mission. These teams have evolved into five focus areas managed within EM's Office of Science and Technology (OST): Tanks Focus Area (TFA); Deactivation and Decommissioning Focus Area; Nuclear Materials Focus Area; Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area; and Transuranic and Mixed Waste Focus Area.

None

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Laser focus compensating sensing and imaging device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A laser focus compensating sensing and imaging device permits the focus of a single focal point of different frequency laser beams emanating from the same source point. In particular it allows the focusing of laser beam originating from the same laser device but having differing intensities so that a low intensity beam will not convert to a higher frequency when passing through a conversion crystal associated with the laser generating device. The laser focus compensating sensing and imaging device uses a Cassegrain system to fold the lower frequency, low intensity beam back upon itself so that it will focus at the same focal point as a high intensity beam. An angular tilt compensating lens is mounted about the secondary mirror of the Cassegrain system to assist in alignment. In addition cameras or CCD's are mounted with the primary mirror to sense the focused image. A convex lens is positioned co-axial with the Cassegrain system on the side of the primary mirror distal of the secondary for use in aligning a target with the laser beam. A first alternate embodiment includes a Cassegrain system using a series of shutters and an internally mounted dichroic mirror. A second alternate embodiment uses two laser focus compensating sensing and imaging devices for aligning a moving tool with a work piece.

Vann, C.S.

1993-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

138

Aerodynamic Focusing Of High-Density Aerosols  

SciTech Connect

High-density micron-sized particle aerosols might form the basis for a number of applications in which a material target with a particular shape might be quickly ionized to form a cylindrical or sheet shaped plasma. A simple experimental device was built in order to study the properties of high-density aerosol focusing for 1#22; m silica spheres. Preliminary results recover previous findings on aerodynamic focusing at low densities. At higher densities, it is demonstrated that the focusing properties change in a way which is consistent with a density dependent Stokes number.

Ruiz, D. E.; Fisch, Nathaniel

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

139

Focused ion beam source method and apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A focused ion beam having a cross section of submicron diameter, a high ion current, and a narrow energy range is generated from a target comprised of particle source material by laser ablation. The method involves directing a laser beam having a cross section of critical diameter onto the target, producing a cloud of laser ablated particles having unique characteristics, and extracting and focusing a charged particle beam from the laser ablated cloud. The method is especially suited for producing focused ion beams for semiconductor device analysis and modification.

Pellin, Michael J. (Naperville, IL); Lykke, Keith R. (Gaithersburg, MD); Lill, Thorsten B. (Sunnyvale, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

The Department's Cyber Security Incident Management Program, IG-0787 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cyber Security Incident Management Program, Cyber Security Incident Management Program, IG-0787 The Department's Cyber Security Incident Management Program, IG-0787 The Department of Energy operates numerous interconnected computer networks and systems to help accon~plishit s strategic missions in the areas of energy, defense, science, and the environment. These systems are frequently subjected to sophisticated cyber attacks that could potentially affect the Department's ability to carry out its mission. During Fiscal Year 2006, the Department experienced 132 incidents of sufficient severity to require reporting to law enforcement, an increase of 22 percent over the prior year. These statistics, troubling as they may be, are not unique to the Department; they are, in fact, reflective of a trend in cyber attacks throughout the government.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "focuses incident insolation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Personnel Accountability for Non-COOP Incidents | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accountability for Non-COOP Incidents Responsible Contacts Bruce Murray HR Policy Advisor E-mail bruce.murray@hq.doe.gov Phone 202-586-3372 More Documents & Publications...

142

Vitamin D and Cancer IncidenceResponse to Grant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...September 2014 letter Letters to the Editor Vitamin D and Cancer Incidence-Letter from Grant William B. Grant * * Corresponding Author: William B. Grant, Sunlight, Nutrition, and Health Research Center, P.O. Box 641603, San Francisco...

Tea Skaaby; Lise Lotte Nystrup Husemoen; Allan Linneberg

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

A probabilistic safety analysis of incidents in nuclear research reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......System for Research Reactor (IRSRR). Available...System for Research Reactor (IRSRR). Available...76. 7 Manual on reliability data collection for research reactor PSAs. (1992) IAEA...probabilistic safety analysis of incidents in nuclear......

Valdir Maciel Lopes; Gian Maria Agostinho Angelo Sordi; Mauricio Moralles; Tufic Madi Filho

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

SP 800-61 Rev. 1. Computer Security Incident Handling Guide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Computer security incident response has become an important component of information technology (IT) programs. Security-related threats have become not only more numerous and diverse but also more damaging and disruptive. An incident response capability ... Keywords: Computer security incident, incident handling, incident response, threats, vulnerabilities

Karen A. Scarfone; Timothy Grance; Kelly Masone

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Summary of Weldon Spring Site Focus Area  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

of Weldon Spring Site Focus Area of Weldon Spring Site Focus Area Work Session February 5, 2003 Weldon Spring Interpretive Center Focus Area: Monitoring and Maintenance This was the third of three work sessions that focus on specific issues addressed in the draft Long-Term Stewardship Plan for the Weldon Spring, Missouri, Site, dated August 9, 2002. At 6:00 p.m., before the start of the work session, Dan Collette, Technical Support Manager for S.M. Stoller, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Grand Junction Office (GJO) contractor, gave a demonstration of the on-line document retrieval and geographic information systems. Introduction Dave Geiser, DOE Headquarters Director of the Office of Long-Term Stewardship, discussed a DOE Headquarters proposal to establish the Office of Legacy Management in fiscal year 2004.

146

Micro free-flow isoelectric focusing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To unravel the complexity of cellular systems, protein prefractionation tools can be used to reduce cell lysate complexity and increase assay sensitivity. Rapid free flow isoelectric focusing (FF-IEF) is achieved in a ...

Albrecht, Jacob William

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Weapon focus, arousal, and eyewitness memory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Weapon focus refers to the decreased ability to ... by an eyewitness because of attention to a weapon present during that crime. In the first ... viewed a mock crime scene in which a weapon was either highly visi...

Thomas H. Kramer; Robert Buckhout; Paul Eugenio

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Ballistic dispersion in temperature gradient focusing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

regime is the most familiar regime in microfluidic systems, an oft-overlooked regime is that of purely kinematic (or ballistic) dispersion. In most microfluidic systems, this dispersion regime is transient systems. Keywords: microfluidics; temperature gradient focusing; kinematic dispersion; Taylor

Santiago, Juan G.

149

The plasma focus as a thruster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The need for low propellant weight, high efficiency propulsion systems is a glaring need for various space missions. This thesis presents the thrust modeling of the Dense Plasma Focus plasma motion phases. It also contrasts some of the engineering...

Hardy, Richard Lee

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

150

Investigation of Cumulative Stage of Plasma Focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The plasma-focus experiments were performed with an installation having...l = 120 mm, rating of capacitor bank C = 180 F, anode working voltage V = 24 kV, external inductance (specially chosen to fit the dischar...

N. G. Basov

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Two-axis sagittal focusing monochromator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An x-ray focusing device and method for adjustably focusing x-rays in two orthogonal directions simultaneously. The device and method can be operated remotely using two pairs of orthogonal benders mounted on a rigid, open frame such that x-rays may pass through the opening in the frame. The added x-ray flux allows significantly higher brightness from the same x-ray source.

Haas, Edwin G; Stelmach, Christopher; Zhong, Zhong

2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

152

The Functionality of Focus: An Investigation into the Interactive Effects of Leader Focus and Team Interdependence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this issue, I introduce a multi-dimensional construct, called leader focus, to explain how leaders meet team needs by focusing their efforts on teamwork or taskwork (i.e., person-task focus) as well as different relational entities in the team (i.e., entity...

Harris, Thomas

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

153

A comprehensive analysis of natural gas distribution pipeline incidents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to provide a reference database for pipeline companies and/or regulators with an investigation of safety performance of US natural gas distribution pipelines. With a total of 3,679 natural gas distribution pipeline incidents between 1985 and 2010, nine safety indicators are statistically analysed in terms of the year, pipeline length, regions, pipeline diameter, pipeline wall thickness, material, age, incident area and incident cause to identify the relationship between safety indicators and various variables. Overall average frequencies of incidents, injuries and fatalities between 1985 and 2009 are 0.0846/1,000 mile-years, 0.0407/1,000 mile-years, and 0.0094/1,000 mile-years respectively. The analysis shows that the safety performance of US natural gas distribution pipeline is improving over time, and different variables have different impact on safety performances. However, the number of annual incidents does not show a significant decline due to increasing energy demand. [Received: March 21 2012; Accepted: July 15 2012

Zhenhua Rui; Xiaoqing Wang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Focus Areas 1 and 4 Deliverables  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 - Requirements Flow Down 1 - Requirements Flow Down and Focus Area #4 - Graded Approach to Quality Assurance Graded Approach Model and Expectation Page 1 of 18 Office of Environmental Management And Energy Facility Contractors Group Quality Assurance Improvement Project Plan Project Focus Area Task # and Description Deliverable Project Area 1: Requirements Flow Down Task #1.9 - Complete White Paper covering procurement QA process flow diagram Draft White Paper and Amended Flow Diagram Project Area 4: Graded Approach Implementation Task #4.4 - In coordination with Project Focus Area #1, provide an EM expectation for application of the graded approach to procurement. EM Graded Approach Procedure for Procurements Approvals: Yes/No/NA Project Managers: S. Waisley, D. Tuttel Y

155

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan- Chapter 11, Incidents of Security Concern  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 11, Incidents of Security Concern Describes DOE Headquarters procedures for reporting, investigating, and correcting Incidents of Security Concern.

156

E-Print Network 3.0 - action real-time grazing-incidence Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

operation... ) 12;Grazing Incidence Pumping (GRIP) Target optimum gain region On-axis x-ray laser Preformed plasma1... ps Grazing Incidence Pumping ... Source: Wang, Wei Hua -...

157

Effect of directional dependency of wall reflectivity and incident concentrated solar flux on the efficiency of a cavity solar receiver  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Managing the optical properties of a cavity solar receiver to create spectral and directional selectivities is a solution to improve receiver efficiencies. A reduction in the incident solar power lost by reflection and by emission in a solar receiver allows the absorption of the solar flux to be maximized. This report investigates the influence of the cavity walls directional reflectivity on the thermal radiative efficiency of a cubic cavity solar receiver. A Monte Carlo ray-tracing method is used to calculate the power lost by reflections and by emission with respect to the incident radiation angular distribution and the bidirectional reflectance distribution function of the cavity walls. To study the influence of the directional dependency of the incident flux on the radiative efficiency, four patterns are considered: collimated, diffuse, focused, and Themis incidences. The directional-hemispherical reflectivity for the bottom wall (face to aperture) and lateral walls are distinguished. For diffuse walls, the absorption efficiency is primarily affected by the lateral walls reflectivity because of the back reflection losses. For specular walls, the driving parameter is the bottom wall reflectivity. In addition, the radiative efficiency with thermal emission was studied for the Themis configuration and a slightly weakest dependency of the efficiency on the lateral walls reflectivity was found.

Florent Larrouturou; Cyril Caliot; Gilles Flamant

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Los Alamos Lab: MPA: Focus on Facilities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Focus on Facilities Focus on Facilities Mechanical testing and modeling in MST The mission of the Materials Science and Technology Division includes the development of constitutive deformation and failure models for the metals, polymers, ceramics, and composites of interest to Department of Energy, Department of Defense, and industrially-sponsored programs. More about mechanical testing and modeling in MST (pdf). Sensors and Electrochemical Devices Group The Sensors and Electrochemical Devices Group (MPA-11), within the Materials Physics and Applications Division at Los Alamos National Laboratory, conducts basic and applied research on electronic and ionic conducting materials, including the development of novel materials characterization approaches. More about the Sensors and Electrochemical Devices Group (pdf).

159

Los Alamos Lab: MST: Focus on Facilities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Focus on Facilities Focus on Facilities Mechanical testing and modeling in MST The mission of the Materials Science and Technology Division includes the development of constitutive deformation and failure models for the metals, polymers, ceramics, and composites of interest to Department of Energy, Department of Defense, and industrially-sponsored programs. More about mechanical testing and modeling in MST (pdf). Sensors and Electrochemical Devices Group The Sensors and Electrochemical Devices Group (MPA-11), within the Materials Physics and Applications Division at Los Alamos National Laboratory, conducts basic and applied research on electronic and ionic conducting materials, including the development of novel materials characterization approaches. More about the Sensors and Electrochemical Devices Group (pdf).

160

Relativistic self-focusing in underdense plasma  

SciTech Connect

In the present paper, we discuss light self-focusing in underdense (nfocusing including ion dynamics will be presented in second part of the paper. In particular, we will demonstrate the formation of empty, wide channels in underdense plasma in the wake of the laser pulse. we discuss the applicability of our results to real situations and possible consequences for the ``Fast Ignitor`` project.

Feit, M.D.; Garrison, J.C.; Komashko, A.; Musher, J.L.; Rubenchik, A.M.; Turistsyn, S.K.

1997-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "focuses incident insolation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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161

Stability of the Dense Plasma Focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The influence of small dc axial magnetic fields upon the stability of the focused plasma column is shown in the light of soft x rays. The material damage to the center electrode and the intense x?ray emission at the electrode face as a result of electron bombardment is considerably reduced. Although the final heating of the ions and electrons is inhibited as expected due to a trapped magnetic field the spatial stability of the focused column offers a greater possibility for scaling to higher energies.

Joseph W. Mather; Paul J. Bottoms; James P. Carpenter; Arthur H. Williams; Kenneth D. Ware

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

ORISE: REAC/TS Radiological Incident Medical Consultation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radiological Incident Medical Consultation Radiological Incident Medical Consultation Radiological Incident Medical Consultation The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) provides the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) with a comprehensive capability to respond effectively to medical emergencies involving radiological or nuclear materials. Through the management of the Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site (REAC/TS), ORISE provides advice and consultation to emergency personnel responsible for the medical management of radiation accidents. REAC/TS strengthens hospital preparedness for radiation emergencies by preparing and educating first responders, medical personnel and occupational health professionals who will provide care to patients with a radiation injury or illness. REAC/TS staff provide medical advice,

163

EIA - AEO2010 - Issues in Focus  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Issues in Focus Issues in Focus Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Issues in Focus Introduction Each year, the Issues in Focus section of the AEO provides an in-depth discussion on topics of special interest, including significant changes in assumptions and recent developments in technologies for energy production, supply, and consumption. The first section compares the results of two cases that adopt different assumptions about the future course of existing energy policies. One case assumes the elimination of sunset provisions in existing energy policies. The other case assumes the extension of a selected group of existing policies—CAFE standards, appliance standards, and PTCs—in addition to the elimination of sunset provisions. Other sections include a discussion of end-use energy efficiency trends in AEO2010; an analysis of the impact of incentives on the use of natural gas in heavy freight trucks; factors affecting the relationship between crude oil and natural gas prices; the sensitivity of the projection results to variations in assumptions about the availability of U.S. shale gas resources; the implications of retiring nuclear plants after 60 years of operation; and issues related to accounting for CO2 emissions from biomass energy combustion.

164

SolFocus | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SolFocus SolFocus Jump to: navigation, search Logo: SolFocus Name SolFocus Address 510 Logue Avenue Place Mountain View, California Zip 94043 Sector Solar Product Concentrator Photovoltaic Energy Systems Year founded 2005 Number of employees 51-200 Phone number 650-623-7100 Website http://www.solfocus.com Coordinates 37.398873°, -122.049632° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.398873,"lon":-122.049632,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

165

Sharper Focusing of Hard X-rays  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sharper Focusing of Hard X-rays FROM: Physics News Update Number 773 #1, April 12, 2006, by Phil Schewe and Ben Stein Note: This text has been slightly modified from the original. Sharper focusing of hard x-rays has been achieved with a device developed at Argonne National Lab. Because of their high energy, x-rays are hard to focus: they can be reflected from a surface but only at a glancing angle (less than a tenth of a degree); they can be refracted but the index of refraction is very close to 1, so that making efficient lenses becomes a problem; and they can be diffracted, but the relatively thick, variable pitch grating required for focusing is tricky to achieve. The Argonne device is of the diffraction type, and it consists of a stack of alternating layers of metal and silicon, made by depositing progressively thicker layers. When the x-rays fall on such a structure, nearly edge-on, what they see is a grating (called a linear zone plate) consisting of a sort of bar-code pattern.

166

Focused ion beam micromilling and articles therefrom  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultrahigh vacuum focused ion beam micromilling apparatus and process are isclosed. Additionally, a durable data storage medium using the micromilling process is disclosed, the durable data storage medium capable of storing, e.g., digital or alphanumeric characters as well as graphical shapes or characters.

Lamartine, Bruce C. (Los Alamos, NM); Stutz, Roger A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Focused ion beam micromilling and articles therefrom  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultrahigh vacuum focused ion beam micromilling apparatus and process are disclosed. Additionally, a durable data storage medium using the micromilling process is disclosed, the durable data storage medium capable of storing, e.g., digital or alphanumeric characters as well as graphical shapes or characters. 6 figs.

Lamartine, B.C.; Stutz, R.A.

1998-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

168

MEA BREAKOUT GROUP FOCUSED ON CCMs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOLUBILITY) HYDROCARBON IONOMERS · ANODE FLOODING ISSUES, CATHODE DRYOUT ISSUES: ­ DEVELOP SEPARATE IONOMERS FOR ANODE/CATHODE ­ IONOMER CHEMISTRY · IONOMER/CATALYST INTERACTION · CL / MEMBRANE INTERACTION · IMPROVED CL/M INTERFACES ­ IONOMER CROSSLINKING #12;CATALYST LAYER · CATALYST CHALLENGES IN ANODE SIDE · FOCUS

169

Agreement and Focus in Galician Inflected Infinitives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in postverbal position or dropped (Galician is a pro-drop language). I argue that the other two positions are reserved for the subject in focus. This paper accounts for all different subject positions in the II construction: postverbal (straight in-situ checking...

Couto, Marí a del Carmen Parafita

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Focusing on moving targets through scattering samples  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPTICA.1.000227 1. INTRODUCTION Focusing light through highly scattering-2536/14/040227-06$15/0$15.00 © 2014 Optical Society of America Research Article Vol. 1, No. 4 / October 2014 / Optica 227 #12

Yang, Changhuei

171

User-Focused Data Management Alon Halevy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

User-Focused Data Management Alon Halevy Google IUI 2009 Sanibel Island, Florida #12;Database on the world's water resources ­See circleofblue.org ·All the documentation about the Boeing 777 ·The Corie Curve Benefit Investment (time, cost) Dataspaces Data integration solutions ? #12;Reusing Human

Halevy, Alon

172

IN-FOCUSIN-FOCUS Letters&Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wastewater to prevent toxic heavy metals from infiltrating the water supply. Failure to do so incurs heavy2013May IN-FOCUSIN-FOCUS Letters&Science Chemists' invention helps companies reduce water pollution that change how they react to light based on how much metal is in the surrounding water. Light is sent down

Saldin, Dilano

173

Research Article Dielectrophoretic focusing of particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to DC electric field ratio on particle trajectories and velocity variations through the micro- channel achieved by using hydrodynamic filtration [23, 24], hydro- phoresis [25, 26], DC dielectrophoresis [27 focusing of particles in a micro- channel constriction using DC-biased AC electric fields. We acknowledge

Xuan, Xiangchun "Schwann"

174

Policy message A narrow focus on conventional  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

often prevents improvement of sanitation in poor settlements. n Simple, affordable, effective techPolicy message n A narrow focus on conventional sanitation technologies and top- down planning studies featured here were conducted in: Lao PDR, Tanzania, and Nepal Local solutions for sanitation Urban

Richner, Heinz

175

Thyroid cancer incidence in relation to volcanic activity  

SciTech Connect

Environmental or genetic factors are sought to explain the high incidence of thyroid cancer in Iceland. At present, it is impossible to cite any environmental factor, particularly one related to the volcanic activity in the country, which could explain the high incidence of thyroid cancer in Iceland. However, the thyroid gland in Icelanders is very small due to the high intake of iodine from seafood. It is, therefore, easier for physicians to find thyroid tumors. Furthermore, genetic factors are very likely to be of great importance in the small, isolated island of Iceland.

Arnbjoernsson, E.A.; Arnbjoernsson, A.O.; Olafsson, A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Nuclear accident and incident public affairs (pa) guidance  

SciTech Connect

This Directive reissues reference (a) DoD Directive 5230.16 to update DoD policy, responsibilities, and procedures for the prompt release of information to the public in the interest of public safety, and to prevent public alarm in the event of accidents or significant incidents involving nuclear weapons or nuclear components, radioactive material, nuclear weapon launch or transport vehicles (when a nuclear weapon is aboard), or nuclear reactors under DoD control. It updates DoD policy, responsibilities, and procedures during an improvised nuclear device (IND) incident.

Not Available

1993-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

177

Editorial Focus What Makes Whiskers Shake? Focus on "Current Flow in Vibrissa Motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that electric activity throughout the depth of motor cortex covaries with whisker EMGs and hence demonstrates that rhythmic electric stimulation of vibrissa motor cortex can evoke whisking-like movementsEditorial Focus What Makes Whiskers Shake? Focus on "Current Flow in Vibrissa Motor Cortex Can

Kleinfeld, David

178

Skin cancer detection by oblique-incidence diffuse reflectance spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer and it is on the rise. If skin cancer is diagnosed early enough, the survival rate is close to 90%. Oblique-incidence diffuse reflectance (OIR) spectroscopy offers a technology that may be used...

Smith, Elizabeth Brooks

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

179

Violation of Laws, Losses, and Incidents of Security Concerns  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

To set forth Department of Energy (DOE) procedures to assure timely and effective action relating to violations of criminal, laws, loses, and incidents of security concern to DOE. Cancels DOE O 5631.5. Canceled by DOE O 470.1 of 9-28-1995.

1992-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

180

Bifurcation analysis of an epidemic model with nonlinear incidence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider an epidemic model with the nonlinear incidence of a sigmoidal function. By mathematical analysis, it is shown that the model exhibits the bistability and undergoes the Hopf bifurcation and the Bogdanov-Takens bifurcation. By ... Keywords: Bistability, Homoclinic, Limit cycle, Sensitive, Sigmoidal

Guihua Li, Wendi Wang

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "focuses incident insolation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Annual Energy Outlook 2001 - Issues in Focus  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Issues in Focus Issues in Focus Macroeconomic Forecasting with the Revised National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) Phasing Out MTBE in Gasoline World Oil Demand and Prices Distributed Electricity Generation Resources Natural Gas Supply Availability Restructuring of State Retail Markets for Electricity Carbon Dioxide Emissions in AEO2001 Macroeconomic Forecasting with the Revised National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) The NIPA Comprehensive Revision Economic activity is a key determinant of growth in U.S. energy supply and demand. The derivation of the forecast of economic activity is therefore a critical step in developing the energy forecast presented in the Annual Energy Outlook 2001 (AEO2001). In turn, the forecast of economic activity is rooted fundamentally in the historical data series maintained by a

182

Property:Focus Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Area Area Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. The allowed values for this property are: Building Energy Efficiency Economic and Workforce Development Electrical Assessment Energy and Greenhouse Gas Baselining Transportation Energy Supply Load Reduction Policy and Human Behavior Renewable Energy Food Supply Pages using the property "Focus Area" Showing 2 pages using this property. N National Residential Efficiency Measures Database + Building Energy Efficiency + P PyTurbSim + Renewable Energy + Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:Focus_Area&oldid=307138#SMWResults" What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

183

Neutron Production Mechanism in a Plasma Focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The neutrons emitted by a plasma focus were analyzed by using a time?of?flight method. Flight paths as large as 80 m were used to obtain better than 10% energy resolution. The energy spectrum of neutrons from dd reactions in the plasma focus shows a sharp onset with average maximum energies of 2.8 and 3.2 MeV in the radial and the axial directions respectively. The average half?width of the energy spectrum was 270 keV with a shot?to?shot variation between 150 and 400 keV. Simultaneous measurements in the axial and radial directions showed no appreciable difference in the half?widths and thus indicated randomly oriented ion velocities in the plasma. A converging ion model is described which is found to be in agreement with the measured quantities.

J. H. Lee; L. P. Shomo; M. D. Williams; H. Hermansdorfer

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Current Sheet Collapse in a Plasma Focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Collapse of the current sheets in a plasma focus has been recorded simultaneously through slits parallel and perpendicular to the symmetry axis in the streak mode. The dark period following the collapse is due to the plasma moving out of the field of view. Microdensitometric measurements of intensity variation also support this conclusion. A large anisotropy is also found in the x?ray radiation pattern. Effects of different vacuum vessels were investigated.

Nelson W. Jalufka; Ja H. Lee

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Permanent magnet focused X-band photoinjector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact high energy photoelectron injector integrates the photocathode directly into a multicell linear accelerator with no drift space between the injection and the linac. High electron beam brightness is achieved by accelerating a tightly focused electron beam in an integrated, multi-cell, X-band rf linear accelerator (linac). The photoelectron linac employs a Plane-Wave-Transformer (PWT) design which provides strong cell-to-cell coupling, easing manufacturing tolerances and costs.

Yu, David U. L. (Rancho Palos Verdes, CA); Rosenzweig, James (Los Angeles, CA)

2002-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

186

TECHNICAL INTEGRATION ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT FOCUS AREAS  

SciTech Connect

This contract involved a team of companies led by WPI (formerly the Waste Policy Institute). In addition to WPI, the team included four subcontractors--TRW (formerly BDM Federal), SAIC, Energetics, and the University of North Dakota Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC). The team of companies functioned as a ''seamless team'' assembled to support the Environmental Management Program Focus Areas. Staff resources were applied in the following offices: Richland, Washington, Idaho Falls, Idaho, Morgantown, West Virginia, Grand Forks, North Dakota, Aiken, South Carolina, Gaithersburg, Maryland, and Blacksburg, Virginia. These locations represented a mixture of site support offices at the field focus area locations and central staff to support across the focus areas. The management of this dispersed resource base relied on electronic communication links to allow the team to function as a ''virtual office'' to address tasks with the best qualified staff matched to the task assignments. A variety of tasks were assigned and successfully completed throughout the life of the contract that involved program planning and analysis, program execution, program information management and communication and data transmission.

Carey R. Butler

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Numerical Studies of the Plasma Focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dynamical formation and structure of the plasma focus has been studied with a two?dimensional numerical fluid model. The extremely high kinetic energy densities obtained in the numerical fluid experiment as the result of adiabatic compression and viscous heating agree well with experiment. Three features in the plasma focus are isolated: an anode cold source a hot pinch region and an axial shock. The anomalously long lifetime of the plasma focus is shown to be the result of axial flow with stabilization of magnetohydrodynamic modes through the ion stress tensor in the intermediate collisionless collision?dominated regime. Estimates of the neutron yield based on the numerical fluid experiment concur with experimental yields and are the result of thermally reacting deuterons in the hot pinch region. The plasma parameters of interest determined from the hot pinch region suggest that the ion distribution function will not have a simple Maxwellian form and this in particular may account for the discrepancy with experiment on the anisotropy in space of the neutron yield.

D. E. Potter

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

z-pinch plasma lens focusing of a heavy-ion beam  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For the first time a heavy-ion beam was focused using a z-pinch plasma lens. The diameter of an incident, parallel, 460-MeV argon-ion beam was reduced from ?8 mm (FWHM) to ?2 mm within 230 mm downstream of the plasma. Inside a cylindrically symmetric plasma column a high-gradient, azimuthal magnetic field is produced during a z-pinch discharge. For axially moving, high-energy charged particles this field configuration provides strong, first-order focusing simultaneously in both transversal planes. The measured spot size agrees with numerical calculations taking into account the finite beam emittance, and charge exchange as well as energy-loss processes contributing to aberrations.

E. Boggasch; J. Jacoby; H. Wahl; K.-G. Dietrich; D. H. H. Hoffmann; W. Laux; M. Elfers; C. R. Haas; V. P. Dubenkov; A. A. Golubev

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Site-controlled fabrication of Ga nanodroplets by focused ion beam  

SciTech Connect

Ga droplets are created by focused ion beam irradiation of GaAs surface. We report that ordered Ga droplets can be formed on the GaAs surface without any implantation damage. The droplets are characterized with bigger sizes than those droplets formed on damaged area. These aligned Ga droplets are formed via the migration of Ga atoms from ion irradiation area to the edge of undamaged GaAs surface and further nucleation into droplets. The morphological evolution and size distribution of these nanodroplets are investigated systematically with different beam irradiation time and incident angles. Based on this method, well positioned Ga nanodroplets, such as chains, are achieved by using focus ion beam patterning. The controllable assembly of droplets on undamaged semiconductor surface can be used to fabricate templates, to fabricate quantum structures and quantum devices by droplet epitaxy technique.

Xu, Xingliang; Wang, Zhiming M., E-mail: zhmwang@gmail.com [State Key Laboratory of Electronic Thin Film and Integrated Devices, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, Sichuan 610054 (China); Engineering Research Center for Semiconductor Integrated Technology, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100083 (China); Wu, Jiang; Li, Handong; Zhou, Zhihua [State Key Laboratory of Electronic Thin Film and Integrated Devices, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, Sichuan 610054 (China); Wang, Xiaodong [Engineering Research Center for Semiconductor Integrated Technology, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100083 (China)

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

190

Mixed Waste Focus Area program management plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan describes the program management principles and functions to be implemented in the Mixed Waste Focus Area (MWFA). The mission of the MWFA is to provide acceptable technologies that enable implementation of mixed waste treatment systems developed in partnership with end-users, stakeholders, tribal governments and regulators. The MWFA will develop, demonstrate and deliver implementable technologies for treatment of mixed waste within the DOE Complex. Treatment refers to all post waste-generation activities including sampling and analysis, characterization, storage, processing, packaging, transportation and disposal.

Beitel, G.A.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Q switching by self-focusing  

SciTech Connect

A novel passive technique for obtaining short-laser-pulse emission is presented. A cell with a high-second-order refractive-index liquid is included in an unstable laser cavity. The external self-focusing introduced by the cell at higher optical intensities reduces the diffraction losses, producing modulation of the gain and Q switching of the cavity. Compared with saturable absorbers, this method provides better mode quality, avoids filamentary emission, and is not restricted in wavelength. Experimental results are presented that are in good agreement with the numerical model developed.

Marconi, M.C.; Martinez, O.E.; Diodati, F.P.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Colloid Coalescence with Focused X Rays  

SciTech Connect

We show direct evidence that focused x rays enable us to merge polymer colloidal particles at room temperature. This phenomenon is ascribed to the photochemical scission of colloids with x rays, reducing the molecular weight, glass transition temperature, surface tension, and viscosity of colloids. The observation of the neck bridge growth with time shows that the x-ray-induced colloid coalescence is analogous to viscoelastic coalescence. This finding suggests a feasible protocol of photonic nanofabrication by sintering or welding of polymers, without thermal damage, using x-ray photonics.

Weon, B. M.; Kim, J. T.; Je, J. H. [X-ray Imaging Center, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang, 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Yi, J. M. [Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Yongin, Gyeonggi, 446-712 (Korea, Republic of); Wang, S.; Lee, W.-K. [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Document Number 00029500 Focused Feasibilitv Studv 5.0 Focused Feasibility Study  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

00029500 Focused Feasibilitv Studv 00029500 Focused Feasibilitv Studv 5.0 Focused Feasibility Study The purpose of a CERCLA feasibility study is to develop, screen, and analyze potential remedial options for managing risk at uncontrolled hazardous waste sites (EPA 1988) in a manner that "reflect[s] the scope and complexity of the remedial action under consideration and the site problems being addressed" (EPA 1990). The feasibility study presented in this section is a focused feasibility study (FFS) because it follows more than 10 yr of remedial investigation, source removal, and an interim remedial action and because the changed site conditions since the 1998 drafi FS (DOE 1998b) justify a streamlined process for developing and screening potential remedial components and forming the remedial alternatives to be analyzed in detail.

194

Incident Energy Dependence of pt Correlations at RHIC  

SciTech Connect

We present results for two-particle transverse momentum correlations, ({Delta}p{sub t,i}{Delta}p{sub t,j}), as a function of event centrality for Au+Au collisions at {radical}s{sub NN} = 20, 62, 130, and 200 GeV at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. We observe correlations decreasing with centrality that are similar at all four incident energies. The correlations multiplied by the multiplicity density increase with incident energy and the centrality dependence may show evidence of processes such as thermalization, jet production, or the saturation of transverse flow. The square root of the correlations divided by the event-wise average transverse momentum per event shows little or no beam energy dependence and generally agrees with previous measurements at the Super Proton Synchrotron.

Adams, J.; Aggarwal, M.M.; Ahammed, Z.; Amonett, J.; Anderson,B.D.; Arkhipkin, D.; Averichev, G.S.; Badyal, S.K.; Bai, Y.; Balewski,J.; Barannikova, O.; Barnby, L.S.; Baudot, J.; Bekele, S.; Belaga, V.V.; Bellwied, R.; Berger, J.; Bezverkhny, B.I.; Bharadwaj, S.; Bhasin, A.; Bhati, A.K.; Bhatia, V.S.; Bichsel, H.; Billmeier, A.; Bland, L.C.; Blyth, C.O.; Bonner, B.E.; Botje, M.; Boucham, A.; Brandin, A.V.; Bravar,A.; Bystersky, M.; Cadman, R.V.; Cai, X.Z.; Caines, H.; Calderon de laBarca Sanchez, M.; Castillo, J.; Cebra, D.; Chajecki, Z.; Chaloupka, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, H.F.; Chen, Y.; Cheng, J.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Christie, W.; Coffin, J.P.; Cormier, T.M.; Cramer, J.G.; Crawford, H.J.; Das, D.; Das, S.; de Moura, M.M.; Derevschikov, A.A.; Didenko, L.; Dietel, T.; Dogra, S.M.; Dong, W.J.; Dong, X.; Draper, J.E.; Du, F.; Dubey, A.K.; Dunin, V.B.; Dunlop, J.C.; Dutta Mazumdar, M.R.; Eckardt, V.; Edwards, W.R.; Efimov, L.G.; Emelianov, V.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Erazmus, B.; Estienne, M.; Fachini, P.; Faivre, J.; Fatemi,R.; Fedorisin, J.; Filimonov, K.; Filip, P.; Finch, E.; Fine, V.; Fisyak,Y.; Fomenko, K.; Fu, J.; Gagliardi, C.A.; Gaillard, L.; Gans, J.; Ganti,M.S.; Gaudichet, L.; Geurts, F.; Ghazikhanian, V.; Ghosh, P.; Gonzalez,J.E.; Grachov, O.; Grebenyuk, O.; Grosnick, D.; Guertin, S.M.; Guo, Y.; Gupta, A.; Gutierrez, T.D.; Hallman, T.J.; Hamed, A.; Hardtke, D.; Harris, J.W.; Heinz, M.; Henry, T.W.; Hepplemann, S.; Hippolyte, B.; Hirsch, A.; Hjort, E.; Hoffmann, G.W.; Huang, H.Z.; Huang, S.L.; Hughes,E.W.; Humanic, T.J.; Igo, G.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobs, P.; Jacobs, W.W.; Janik, M.; Jiang, H.; Jones, P.G.; Judd, E.G.; Kabana, S.; Kang, K.; Kaplan, M.; Keane, D.; Khodyrev, V.Yu.; Kiryluk, J.; Kisiel, A.; Kislov,E.M.; Klay, J.; Klein, S.R.; Koetke, D.D.; Kollegger, T.; Kopytine, M.; Kotchenda, L.; Kramer, M.; Kravtsov, P.; Kravtsov, V.I.; Krueger, K.; Kuhn, C.; Kulikov, A.I.; Kumar, A.; Kutuev, R.Kh.; et al.

2005-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

195

Triton burnup in plasma focus plasmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pure deuterium plasma discharge from plasma focus breeds 1.01 MeV tritons via the D(d p)T fusion branch which has the same cross section as the D(d n)3He (E n =2.45 MeV) fusion branch. Tritons are trapped in and collide with the background deuterium plasma producing 14.1 MeV neutrons via the D(t n)4He reaction. The paper presents published in preliminary form as well as unpublished experimental data and theoretical studies of the neutron yield ratio R=Y n (14.1 MeV)/Y n (2.45 MeV). The experimental data were obtained from 1 MJ Frascati plasma focus operated at W=490 kJ with pure deuterium plasma (in the early 1980s). Neutrons were monitored using the nuclear activation method and nuclear emulsions. The present theoretical analysis of the experimental data is based on an exact adaptation of the binary encounter theory developed by Gryzinski. It is found that the experimentally defined value 1?10?3plasma domains of very high density (n?1021 cm?3) high temperature (kT?1 keV) and short trapping time (t 0?20 ns). These domains are known as efficient traps of MeV ions but are not the main source of D(d n)3He fusion.

Jan S. Brzosko; Jan R. Brzosko Jr.; Benjamin V. Robouch; Luigi Ingrosso

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

The Influence of Context on the Weapon Focus Effect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two experiments investigated context effects in weapon focus. In Experiment 1, undergraduates who ... . The results of both experiments imply that weapon focus may occur because weapons are sur...

Kerri L. Pickel

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Summary Report from DOE Theory Focus Session on Hydrogen Storage...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Summary Report from DOE Theory Focus Session on Hydrogen Storage Materials Summary Report from DOE Theory Focus Session on Hydrogen Storage Materials This report provides a summary...

198

Summary Report from Theory Focus Session on Hydrogen Storage...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Summary Report from Theory Focus Session on Hydrogen Storage Materials Summary Report from Theory Focus Session on Hydrogen Storage Materials This report provides information about...

199

Vice President Biden Unveils Report Focused on Expanding Green...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Unveils Report Focused on Expanding Green Jobs And Energy Savings For Middle Class Families Vice President Biden Unveils Report Focused on Expanding Green Jobs And Energy Savings...

200

Adiabatic Tip-Plasmon Focusing for Nano-Raman Spectroscopy. ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Adiabatic Tip-Plasmon Focusing for Nano-Raman Spectroscopy. Adiabatic Tip-Plasmon Focusing for Nano-Raman Spectroscopy. Abstract: True nanoscale optical spectroscopy requires the...

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201

System Simulations of Hybrid Electric Vehicles with Focus on...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

with Focus on Emissions Comparative simulations of hybrid electric vehicles with gasoline and diesel engines will be conducted with focus on emissions control. deer10gao.pdf...

202

Focus On Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

On Energy On Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name Focus On Energy Place Madison, Wisconsin Zip 53707-7868 Product Private partnership of companies educating the consumer about conservation of energy. Coordinates 43.07295°, -89.386694° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.07295,"lon":-89.386694,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

203

Plasma Focusing & Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

pf pf Sign In Launch the Developer Dashboard SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory DOE | Stanford | SLAC | SSRL | LCLS | AD | PPA | Photon Science | PULSE | SIMES FACET User Facility : FACET An Office of Science User Facility Search this site... Search Help (new window) Top Link Bar FACET User Facility FACET Home About FACET FACET Experimental Facilities FACET Users Research at FACET SAREC Expand SAREC FACET FAQs FACET User Facility Quick Launch FACET Users Home FACET Division ARD Home About FACET FACET News FACET Users FACET Experimental Facilities FACET Research Expand FACET Research FACET Images Expand FACET Images SAREC Expand SAREC FACET Project Site (restricted) FACET FAQs FACET Site TOC All Site Content Department of Energy Page Content Plasma Focusing & Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration

204

Ion kinematics in a plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The results of numerical integrations of three?dimensional equations of motion of ions subject to given electric and magnetic fields are presented. The fields represent those which may exist in the pinch phase of the plasma focus although here they depend only on the radial coordinate. The ions initially have Maxwellian velocity distributions and their trajectories are interpreted in terms of single?particle constants of the motion. Two models of the axial electric field E z are considered. For strong E z away from the axis there is a cyclotron acceleration which leads to ion heating. For positive E z on the axis ions within a Larmor radius of the axis undergo very efficient acceleration; the results for this new model are in general agreement with experimental results.

S. Peter Gary; Frank Hohl

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Hydromagnetic Instabilities in the Dense Plasma Focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coaxial discharges of the Mather type owe their performance to the rapid collapse of a noncylindrical current sheath into a dense plasma focus. The lifetime of the resulting fountainlike pinch column appears to be governed by the formation of sausage instabilities; however typical estimates of the buildup time for m?=?0 hydromagnetic instabilities in cylindrical columns are at least 510 times shorter than the observed lifetimes (?50 nsec). In order to study the effect of pinch curvature a hydromagnetic stability analysis is performed in terms of the Bernstein energy principle expressed in curvilinear coordinates. A necessary stability condition for curved pinches with no axial magnetic fields turns out to be the presence of a delta?function current singularity on the axis in accordance with hard?core pinch measurements of Colgate. For noncylindrical axisymmetric pinches of finite curvature and large aspect ratio the m?=?0 instability is found to grow about 10 times slower than the corresponding cylindrical pinch case.

G. G. Comisar

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Ion Heating in the Dense Plasma Focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The collapse phase of a dense plasma focus gun operating in deuterium was studied using streak photography and time resolved x?ray and neutron measuring techniques. The streak photographs showing the radial motion of the luminous front at various axial positions indicate a collapsing luminous front at the time of the current collapse followed by an expanding front and a recompression. The luminosity then disappears for a period of several hundred nanoseconds during which time the neutrons are emitted. Estimates of shock heating and magnetic compressional heating were made from the streak pictures and a calculation of plasma heating due to viscous forces arising from axial motion of the plasma was carried out. The effects of shock heating magnetic compressional heating and viscous heating are shown to be sufficient to produce an ion temperature of several kilovolts.

A. J. Toepfer; D. R. Smith; E. H. Beckner

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Characteristics of the Dense Plasma Focus Discharge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dense plasma focus discharge is produced in a hydromagnetic coaxial plasma accelerator. The final heating and compression of the plasma is accomplished by a partial conversion of the stored magnetic energy residing in the region behind the current sheath to plasma energy. The electrical behavior of the discharge is examined to determine the fraction of the initial energy involved in mechanical sheath motion inductive storage in the accelerator and Ohmic losses associated with the external and plasma discharge. Many analysis of this kind of datum show no definite correlation between the energy converted and neutron production. Presumably this arises from a lack of information as to how the collapse uses this energy and to the amount of plasma ejected from the dense plasma region during the collapse. From soft x?ray pinhole and Schlieren photographs the collapse and the development of the dense plasma is unquestionably a two?dimensional pinch compression.

Joseph W. Mather; Paul J. Bottoms

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Klystron having electrostatic quadrupole focusing arrangement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A klystron includes a source for emitting at least one electron beam, and an accelerator for accelarating the beam in a given direction through a number of drift tube sections successively aligned relative to one another in the direction of the beam. A number of electrostatic quadrupole arrays are successively aligned relative to one another along at least one of the drift tube sections in the beam direction for focusing the electron beam. Each of the electrostatic quadrupole arrays forms a different quadrupole for each electron beam. Two or more electron beams can be maintained in parallel relationship by the quadrupole arrays, thereby enabling space charge limitations encountered with conventional single beam klystrons to be overcome.

Maschke, Alfred W. (East Moriches, NY)

1983-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

209

FY 2000 Deactivation and Decommissioning Focus Area Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

This document describes activities of the Deactivation and Decommissioning Focus Area for the past year.

None

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Application of Plasma Focus Device in Fast Industrial Radiography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with application of the plasma focus (PF) devices in fast industrial radiography....

M. A. Tafreshi; M. M. Nasseri; N. Nabipour; D. Rostamifard

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Pap test use and cervical cancer incidence in First Nations women living in Manitoba  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...special-property>author-choice Pap test use and cervical cancer incidence in First Nations...Sciences, University of Manitoba This study examined Pap test utilization, Pap test results, and cervical cancer incidence among First...

Kathleen M. Decker; Alain A. Demers; Erich V. Kliewer; Natalie Biswanger; Grace Musto; Brenda Elias; Jane Griffith; Donna Turner

212

Predicting scorpion sting incidence in an endemic region using climatological variables*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Predicting scorpion sting incidence in an endemic region using climatological variables* G. CHOWELL in Mexico. We analysed the significance of climatological variables to predict the incidence of scorpion seasonal pattern that correlates to climatological variables. An increase in scorpion activity

Chowell, Gerardo

213

MotorWeek: Fuel Economy Focus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Navigational links Navigational links Site Map | Videos | Links | More Info | Search | Contacts | HOME www.fueleconomy.gov Photograph of Cars Find and Compare Cars | Gas Mileage Tips | Gasoline Prices | Your MPG Will Vary | Why is Fuel Economy Important? | Your MPG | Hybrids, Diesels, Alt Fuels, Etc. | Tax Incentives | Extreme MPG U.S. Department of Energy | Print the Fuel Economy Guide | U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Gas Mileage Tips Driving more efficiently Keeping your car in shape Planning and combining trips Choosing a more efficient vehicle More Info MotorWeek: Text Version Video: MotorWeek test showing impact of driving style on MPG. Fuel Economy Focus John Davis The window sticker on a new car contains lots of information besides just the price. For instance, down at the bottom are the all important government fuel economy estimates. But just like the price on the sticker may have little in common with what you actually pay for the car, the mileage estimates may also be far different from real world results. So, why does gas mileage vary so much? Well, the answers are as varied as your mileage.

214

Liquid cooled, linear focus solar cell receiver  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Separate structures for electrical insulation and thermal conduction are established within a liquid cooled, linear focus solar cell receiver for use with parabolic or Fresnel optical concentrators. The receiver includes a V-shaped aluminum extrusion having a pair of outer faces each formed with a channel receiving a string of solar cells in thermal contact with the extrusion. Each cell string is attached to a continuous glass cover secured within the channel with spring clips to isolate the string from the external environment. Repair or replacement of solar cells is effected simply by detaching the spring clips to remove the cover/cell assembly without interrupting circulation of coolant fluid through the receiver. The lower surface of the channel in thermal contact with the cells of the string is anodized to establish a suitable standoff voltage capability between the cells and the extrusion. Primary electrical insulation is provided by a dielectric tape disposed between the coolant tube and extrusion. Adjacent solar cells are soldered to interconnect members designed to accommodate thermal expansion and mismatches. The coolant tube is clamped into the extrusion channel with a releasably attachable clamping strip to facilitate easy removal of the receiver from the coolant circuit.

Kirpich, Aaron S. (Broomall, PA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Liquid cooled, linear focus solar cell receiver  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Separate structures for electrical insulation and thermal conduction are established within a liquid cooled, linear focus solar cell receiver for use with parabolic or Fresnel optical concentrators. The receiver includes a V-shaped aluminum extrusion having a pair of outer faces each formed with a channel receiving a string of solar cells in thermal contact with the extrusion. Each cell string is attached to a continuous glass cover secured within the channel with spring clips to isolate the string from the external environment. Repair or replacement of solar cells is effected simply by detaching the spring clips to remove the cover/cell assembly without interrupting circulation of coolant fluid through the receiver. The lower surface of the channel in thermal contact with the cells of the string is anodized to establish a suitable standoff voltage capability between the cells and the extrusion. Primary electrical insulation is provided by a dielectric tape disposed between the coolant tube and extrusion. Adjacent solar cells are soldered to interconnect members designed to accommodate thermal expansion and mismatches. The coolant tube is clamped into the extrusion channel with a releasably attachable clamping strip to facilitate easy removal of the receiver from the coolant circuit.

Kirpich, A.S.

1983-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

216

Clearwater Focus Program, 2003 Progress Report.  

SciTech Connect

The Clearwater River sub-basin was designated a coordination program under the 1994 Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program by the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (Council) in November 1996. The Clearwater Focus Program is co-coordinated by Idaho State and the Nez Perce Tribe, this Bonneville funded contract is sponsored by the Idaho Soil Conservation Commission (ISCC) on behalf of Idaho State. The contract term for this program has been synchronized with the state fiscal year, which is from July 1 to June 30, to facilitate contract administration and accounting. This report presents a narrative summary of work conducted from January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2003 during which the Clearwater Sub-basin Plan was revised for final submission to the Council to be considered as an amendment to the 2000 Fish and Wildlife Program. Activities described in this report took place over parts of two different contract periods. Reporting of tasks and objectives specific to each contract can be found in quarterly reports that have been submitted to the Bonneville project manager.

Hohle, Janet

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Annual Energy Outlook 1999 - Issues in Focus  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

issues.gif (3353 bytes) issues.gif (3353 bytes) The Economic Decline in East Asia Recent Developments Although this Annual Energy Outlook 1999 (AEO99) focuses on the determinants of growth for the United States in a midterm (20-year) setting, it is also important to consider how near-term events may play out over the long run. The recent economic crisis in East Asia illustrates the need to reconcile volatility in the short run with the long-run determinants of growth for the world and the U.S. economy. The economic crisis in East Asia began in the summer of 1997 and continued to deepen throughout 1998. Currency markets in Southeast Asia became extremely volatile, with Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia experiencing sharp depreciations first, followed by the Philippines and South Korea. Between the end of May 1997 and September 1998, the U.S. dollar rose by 67 percent against the Thai baht, nearly 53 percent against the Malaysian ringgit, and more than 61 percent against the South Korean won. For most of the East Asian countries, however, the exchange rate fluctuations occurred between August 1997 and the end of March 1998, with currency values relatively stable during the summer of 1998 (although at much higher levels against the dollar than in January 1997). Indonesia’s currency did continue to show volatility, as the country tried to accommodate increased financing needs for both economic investment and social costs.

218

Active and Knowledge-based Process Safety Incident Retrieval System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

topics saved for quick access. The database search system developed in this research is similar to that of CCPS-PSID in the way that it offers folder search and word search. However, the PSID has a single level of folders (keyword list... maximum of four levels. Moreover, word search within a folder has also been included for the search system, which further improves searching capabilities. 5 Some of the existing incident databases that are open to public or accessible by Mary Kay O...

Khan, Sara Shammni

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

219

Cancer incidence in areas with elevated levels of natural radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has been reported that on reaching a certain level of cell damage the production of repair enzymes is triggered which decreases the chromosome aberrations. If this happens, prolonged exposure to high levels of natural radiation in areas with elevated levels of background radiation could decrease the frequency of chromosome aberrations. Recent epidemiological studies indicated that there is an increased risk of cancer in healthy individuals with high levels of chromosomal aberrations. Studies performed in Nordic countries as well as Italy, showed that increased levels of chromosome aberrations in lymphocytes can be used to predict cancer risk in humans. One may conclude that a dose of ionising radiation sufficient to produce a certain level of cell damage increases production of antioxidants and repair enzymes that decrease either the frequency of chromosome aberrations or the cancer risk. People in some areas of Ramsar, a city in northern Iran, receive an annual radiation dose from background radiation that is more than five times higher than the 20 mSv. Yr-1 that is permitted for radiation workers. Inhabitants of Ramsar have lived for many generations in these high background areas. If an annual radiation dose of a few hundred mSv is detrimental to health, causing genetic abnormalities or an increased risk of cancer, it should be evident in these people. The absorbed dose rate in some high background radiation areas of Ramsar is approximately 55-200 times higher than that of the average global dose rate. It has been reported that 3??8% of all cancers are caused by current levels of ionising radiation. If this estimation were true, all the inhabitants of such an area with extraordinary elevated levels of natural radiation would have died of cancer. Our cytogenetic studies show no significant differences between people in the high background area compared to people in normal background areas. As there was no increased level of chromosome aberrations, it may be predicted that the cancer incidence is not higher than in the neighbouring areas with a normal background radiation level. Although there is not yet solid epidemiological information, most local physicians in Ramsar report anecdotally that there is no increase in the incidence rates of cancer or leukemia in their area. There are no data to indicate a significant increase of cancer incidence in other high background radiation areas (HBRAs). Furthermore, several studies show a significant decrease of cancer death rates in areas with high backgrounds. It can be concluded that prolonged exposure to high levels of natural radiation possibly triggers processes such as the production of antioxidants and repair enzymes, which decreases the frequency of chromosome aberrations and the cancer incidence rate.

S.M.J. Mortazavi; M. Ghiassi-Nejad; P.A. Karam; T. Ikushima; A. Niroomand-Rad; J.R. Cameron

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Studies on transmission and incidence of Trypanosoma theileri, Laveran 1902  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vector. c) Ingestion of the insect vector. Sane evidence of intrauterirm transmission has been provided by several researchers. Dirc)anan, Manthei and Frank (1957) found T. theileri in the stanach of an ~ bovine fetus. Iundholm, Stors and Mc... were infected with T. theileri; the 2 calves were free fran infectian. Kohl-Yakimoff, Yakimoff and 13e)censky (1913) in Saint Peters- bourg, Russia, examined 14 cattle for T. theileri and faund a 35. 6rr incidence of infecticnr in another survey...

Betancourt Echeverry, Antonio

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "focuses incident insolation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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221

A study of the relationship between emotional history and the incidence of cancer in human subjects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SUBJECTS' CRITICAL INCIDENTS 55 APPENDIX D - SUMMARIES OF NON-CANCER 72 SUBJECTS' CRITICAL INCIDENTS APPENDIX E - RELEASE FORM 87 VITA 89 LIST OF TABLES Table Page B iographical Data of Sub j ects in Sample 10 Statistical Analysis of Data 22... Number of Critical Incidents and Final Evaluations in Non-Cancer Subjects 23 Number of Critical Incidents and Final Evaluations in Cancer Subjects 24 LIST OF FIGURES Figure Page Emotionality Rating Scale 20 Relation between Ego Defenses, Level...

Sebastian, Henry Andrew

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

ION GNSS 2004, Sept. 21-24, Long Beach, CA Automated Traffic Incident Detection with GPS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) and in-vehicle telematics systems. ABSTRACT Traffic congestion can. Traffic Incident Detection Systems (IDS) use a variety of technologies to detect incidents so system for traffic incident detection. The system performance analysis was conducted using a combination

Calgary, University of

223

Weekly Security Incident Log Period of Jun 24 -Jun 30, 2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

his drinking water bottle had been tampered with while it was left unattended. Toronto Police were. The vehicle driver left the scene without reporting the incident. 6/26/2013 10:13 AM Motor Vehicle Incident rear quarter panel. No injuries were reported. 6/26/2013 07:07 PM Motor Vehicle Incident 2013

224

Weekly Security Incident Log Period of Jun 2 -Jun 8, 2014  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. A description of a suspect was obtained. 6/4/2014 06:39 PM Theft, Under 2014-000979 ROSS BUILDING - NORTH TOWERWeekly Security Incident Log Period of Jun 2 - Jun 8, 2014 Incident No. Reported Date Building Name lot. No injuries were reported. 6/2/2014 06:19 PM Motor Vehicle Incident 2014-000960 TECHNOLOGY

225

Weekly Security Incident Log Period of Nov 27 -Dec 2, 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was obtained. 11/28/2012 01:41 PM Suspicious Person 2012-002119 ROSS BUILDING - NORTH TOWER Private PropertyWeekly Security Incident Log Period of Nov 27 - Dec 2, 2012 Incident No. Reported Date Building:41 AM Theft, Under Weekly Security Incident Log Printed: 12/3/2012 3:18:11 PM 1 Period of Nov 27 - Dec 2

226

Landfill stabilization focus area: Technology summary  

SciTech Connect

Landfills within the DOE Complex as of 1990 are estimated to contain 3 million cubic meters of buried waste. The DOE facilities where the waste is predominantly located are at Hanford, the Savannah River Site (SRS), the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR), the Nevada Test Site (NTS), and the Rocky Flats Plant (RFP). Landfills include buried waste, whether on pads or in trenches, sumps, ponds, pits, cribs, heaps and piles, auger holes, caissons, and sanitary landfills. Approximately half of all DOE buried waste was disposed of before 1970. Disposal regulations at that time permitted the commingling of various types of waste (i.e., transuranic, low-level radioactive, hazardous). As a result, much of the buried waste throughout the DOE Complex is presently believed to be contaminated with both hazardous and radioactive materials. DOE buried waste typically includes transuranic-contaminated radioactive waste (TRU), low-level radioactive waste (LLW), hazardous waste per 40 CFR 26 1, greater-than-class-C waste per CFR 61 55 (GTCC), mixed TRU waste, and mixed LLW. The mission of the Landfill Stabilization Focus Area is to develop, demonstrate, and deliver safer,more cost-effective and efficient technologies which satisfy DOE site needs for the remediation and management of landfills. The LSFA is structured into five technology areas to meet the landfill remediation and management needs across the DOE complex. These technology areas are: assessment, retrieval, treatment, containment, and stabilization. Technical tasks in each of these areas are reviewed.

NONE

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

ORISE: DeepwaterHorizon and Nuclear & Radiological Incidents  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wi l l i a m H a l e y Wi l l i a m H a l e y B r a d P o t t e r C o mm o n C h a l l e n g e s a n d S o l u t i o n s J u n e 2 0 1 1 D e e p w a t e r H o r i z o n a n dN u c l e a r & R a d i o l o g i c a l I n c i d e n t s The 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill shares many of the same challenges associated with a radiological incident like the one considered in the Empire 09 1 exercise or even a much larger nuclear incident. By analyzing experiences during Deepwater Horizon, these challenges can be identified by the interagency in advance of a radiological or nuclear emergency and solutions made available. Establishing and staffing a UnifiEd Command strUCtUrE The demands of Deepwater Horizon challenged the traditional response construct envisioned by national planning systems.

228

SMITH NORMAL FORMS OF INCIDENCE MATRICES Abstract. A brief introduction is given to the topic of Smith normal forms of incidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SMITH NORMAL FORMS OF INCIDENCE MATRICES PETER SIN Abstract. A brief introduction is given to the topic of Smith normal forms of incidence matrices. A general discussion of techniques is illustrated, the fundamental invariant is the Smith normal form of A, whose definition we now recall. A square integer matrix

Sin, Peter

229

Novel EBSD preparation method for Cu/Sn microbumps using a focused ion beam  

SciTech Connect

We proposed a novel technique developed from focused ion beam (FIB) polishing for sample preparation of electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) measurement. A low-angle incident gallium ion beam with a high acceleration voltage of 30 kV was used to eliminate the surface roughness of cross-sectioned microbumps resulting from mechanical polishing. This work demonstrates the application of the FIB polishing technique to solders for a high-quality sample preparation for EBSD measurement after mechanical polishing. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The novel FIB technique of sample preparation is fast, effective and low-cost. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer It can enhance the process precision to the specific area of the sample. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer It is convenient for analyzing the metallurgy of the microbump in 3DIC packaging. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The EBSD image quality can be enhanced by just using a common FIB instrument.

Liu, Tao-Chi; Chen, Chih [National Chiao Tung University, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan, ROC (China)] [National Chiao Tung University, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan, ROC (China); Chiu, Kuo-Jung [Integrated Service Technology Inc., No. 19, Pu-ding Rd., Hsinchu 30072, Taiwan, ROC (China)] [Integrated Service Technology Inc., No. 19, Pu-ding Rd., Hsinchu 30072, Taiwan, ROC (China); Lin, Han-Wen [National Chiao Tung University, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan, ROC (China)] [National Chiao Tung University, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan, ROC (China); Kuo, Jui-Chao, E-mail: jckuo@mail.ncku.edu.tw [National Cheng Kung University, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tainan, Taiwan, ROC (China)] [National Cheng Kung University, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tainan, Taiwan, ROC (China)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

230

Focusing of Electromagnetic Waves S.H. Wiersma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Focusing of Electromagnetic Waves by S.H. Wiersma #12;#12;VRIJE UNIVERSITEIT Focusing Sjoerd Haije Wiersma geboren te Haarlemmermeer #12;Promotor: prof. dr. D. Lenstra Copromotor: dr. T

Visser, Taco D.

231

Facility will focus on bioenergy, global food security  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facility will focus on bioenergy, global food security Facility will focus on bioenergy, global food security The New Mexico Consortium expects to complete the 27,000 square foot...

232

Motivations in romantic relationships: a regulatory focus perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present research tested whether and how regulatory focus as a motivational variable influences the ways in which people appraise, process, and react to events in romantic relationships. Regulatory focus theory distinguishes between (1) a...

Winterheld, Heike A.

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

233

Control of emulsion drop production in flow focusing microfluidics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generating droplets using flow-focusing microfluidics in multiphase flows has reached its limit that it cannot generate submicrometer droplets in size. Flow focusing geometry together with an electric field has been used to make smaller droplets...

Kim, Haejune

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

234

Relativistic electron beams detection in a dense plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fast electron beams into a hollow anode of a small plasma focus machine (2 kJ, 4 ?F) were ... of about 10 ns width generated in the plasma focus are detected. Simultaneously, hard X-ray...

J. Pouzo; H. Acua; M. Milanese; R. Moroso

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Experimental simulation of the collisionless shock wave by Plasma Focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of this study is to reproduce a superalfvenic collisionless shock wave by using the Plasma Focus Facility as a plasma source. The experiments were performed on PF-3 Facility (Plasma Focus Filippov-type) a...

N. V. Filippov; T. I. Filippova; A. N. Filippov

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Foam target experiments with the PF-1000 plasma focus facility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes experiments on foam liners performed with the PF-1000 plasma focus facility. A streak camera has been used ... foam liner can be uniformly imploded by a plasma focus current sheath.

L. Karpinski; M. Scholz; J.G. Linhart

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Properties of Ion Beams Generated by Nitrogen Plasma Focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Numerical experiments have been systematically carried out using the modified Lee model code on various plasma focus devices operated with nitrogen gas. The ion ... flow density, and damage factor) of the plasma focus

M. Akel; S. Alsheikh Salo; S. H. Saw; S. Lee

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

An ultra miniature pinch-focus discharge Leopoldo Soto1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract As a way to investigate the minimum energy to produce a pinch plasma focus discharge, an ultra optimized plasma foci. It is interesting note that plasma parameters practically constant in plasma focus

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

239

Updated Web Tool Focuses on Bottom Line for Distributed Wind...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Updated Web Tool Focuses on Bottom Line for Distributed Wind Turbines Updated Web Tool Focuses on Bottom Line for Distributed Wind Turbines January 10, 2013 - 2:43pm Addthis This...

240

Simulation of heavy ion induced electron yield at grazing incidence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We compare simulations to experiments measuring electron yield from heavy ions striking metal surfaces, in particular at grazing incidence, for 1.0MeV potassium and 182.0MeV gold ions striking stainless steel as measured in two recent experiments. We find the electron yield is proportional to within 3% for the potassium experiments and 13% for the gold experiments to the simulated energy deposited by the ions in a thin (?20???) layer at the target surface. We discuss how nonequilibrium stopping and ion wake fields may account for the larger disagreement with the gold experiments. An analytic estimate based on specular reflection predicts the peak in simulated and measured electron yield as a function of angle to within a few percent.

P. H. Stoltz; S. Veitzer; R. Cohen; A. W. Molvik; J.-L. Vay

2004-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "focuses incident insolation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

A Multilevel Model of Postmenopausal Breast Cancer Incidence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...focus on single causal agents obscures the reality of a complex web of causation (2). Individuals in the general public still...Health 1996;17:47-67. 2. Krieger N .Epidemiology and the web of causation: has anyone seen the spider?Soc Sci Med 1994...

Robert A. Hiatt; Travis C. Porco; Fengchen Liu; Kaya Balke; Allan Balmain; Janice Barlow; Dejana Braithwaite; Ana V. Diez-Roux; Lawrence H. Kushi; Mark M. Moasser; Zena Werb; Gayle C. Windham; David H. Rehkopf

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

DOE Theory Focus Session on Hydrogen Storage Materials  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This agenda provides information about the DOE Theory Focus Session on Hydrogen Storage Materials on May 18, 2006.

243

Deposition of nanolayers by means of dense plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In our preliminary experiments, reported in this paper, dense plasma focus (DPF) device is used for deposition...

M. Chernyshova; I. Ivanova-Stanik; L. Karpi?ski

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

FOCUSED GAUSSIAN BEAMS FOR SEISMIC IMAGING ROBERT L. NOWACK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FOCUSED GAUSSIAN BEAMS FOR SEISMIC IMAGING ROBERT L. NOWACK Abstract. The application of focused Gaussian beams is investigated for the seismic imaging of common-shot reflection data. The focusing of Gaussian beams away from the source and receiver surface adds flexibility to beam imaging algorithms

Nowack, Robert L.

245

Deuteron Beam Source Based on Mather Type Plasma Focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 3kJ Mather type plasma focus system filled with deuterium gas is operated ... pressure lower than 1mbar. Operating the plasma focus in a low pressure regime gives a consistent ion beam which can make the plasma focus

L. K. Lim; S. L. Yap; C. S. Wong; M. Zakaullah

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Sharpening the Focus of Yolo County Land Use Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sharpening the Focus of Yolo County Land Use Policy Kurt R. Richter University of California Agricultural Issues Center October 2009 #12;Sharpening the Focus of Yolo County Land Use Policy II University of California Agricultural Issues Center #12;Sharpening the Focus of Yolo County Land Use Policy III Making

Ferrara, Katherine W.

247

Investigation of Variation of Focus Action with the Length of the Inner Electrode for a Plasma Focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 2.3 kJ plasma focus was operated at different pressures with argon, ... air fillings. It was observed that good focusing action can be obtained by reducing the...

A.V. Gholap; M. Mathuthu; T.G. Zengeni

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

The Effect of Working Gas Admixture, Applied Voltage and Pressure on Focusing Time Parameter in the APF Plasma Focus Device  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present research the effects of key parameters, applied voltage, working gas composition and pressure, on the focusing time in the APF plasma focus device are investigated. Pure nitrogen (N2) and three vol...

A. Roomi; M. Habibi

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Planar visualization of phase objects using a focusing schlieren technique  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The Lack of Focusing of Two-mirror Conventional Schlieren System. 33 B. The Lack of Focusing of Modified Conventional Schlieren System. . 36 C. The Focusing Enhancement of the Focusing Schlieren System. . . 39 D. The Effect of the Grid Orientation... of focusing schlieren conditions in terms of lens properties 12 3-1 Schematic illustration of two-mirror conventional schlieren system . 3-2 Schematic illustration of modified schlieren system using a fresnel lens 17 3-3 3-4 Schematic illustration...

Kim, Dong-Ho

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

250

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Delivering Renewable Hydrogen: A Focus on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Delivering Renewable Delivering Renewable Hydrogen: A Focus on Near-Term Applications to someone by E-mail Share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Delivering Renewable Hydrogen: A Focus on Near-Term Applications on Facebook Tweet about Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Delivering Renewable Hydrogen: A Focus on Near-Term Applications on Twitter Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Delivering Renewable Hydrogen: A Focus on Near-Term Applications on Google Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Delivering Renewable Hydrogen: A Focus on Near-Term Applications on Delicious Rank Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Delivering Renewable Hydrogen: A Focus on Near-Term Applications on Digg Find More places to share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Delivering Renewable Hydrogen: A Focus on Near-Term Applications on AddThis.com...

251

Neutron scattering by rough surfaces at grazing incidence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There are a number of calculations in the literature of the effect of statistical surface roughness on the specular and diffuse scattering of neutrons and x rays which impinge on surfaces at grazing incidence. These calculations do not agree with one another and in some cases lack internal consistency. In this paper I show that these discrepancies can be resolved within the distorted-wave Born approximation. The result I obtain for the specular reflectivity is the widely used version of Nevot and Croce, while that for the diffuse scattering is the same as a recent calculation by Sinha, Sirota, Garoff, and Stanley. The approximations made by Nevot and Croce are clearly revealed by the distorted-wave Born approximation. A simple numerical algorithm is proposed for the calculation of diffuse scattering from a surface whose roughness is self-affine, and the form of the scattering is calculated for a range of parameters within this model. The calculation of diffusion scattering is extended in this paper to the case of films with rough surfaces. Correlation between roughness at the two film surfaces is considered and shown to be important for the description of neutron reflectivity data obtained with a thin film of titanium deposited on a sapphire substrate.

Roger Pynn

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Interferometric results from the Boeing grazing incidence FEL ring resonator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Boeing HAP (High Average Power) experiment was reconfigured throughout 19891990 to incorporate a grazing incidence, 133 m round-trip ring resonator. Initial spectra, mode stability, coherence length, and interferometric wavefront quality measurements have been taken. This paper reports on the optical measurement techniques and data used to characterize the resonator optical output as having an optical path difference (OPD) of 2.0 to 2.5 optical wavelengths. A basic data-reduction methodology and analysis supporting the subtraction of effects caused by the 7 beam reducer, fold mirrors, and the radial shear interferometer itself Noteworthy observations, such as the ability to overlay interferometric fringe data over the length of a macropulse (? 180 micropulses) without destroying the fringe visibility, and the occurrence of centrally localized (? 30% of the diameter) disturbances of the fringe pattern are also discussed. Coherence length measurements, made using the interferometer, showed the coherence length to be between 64 and 120 ?m. Attempts to measure the micropulse-to-micropulse mode stability were made and are discussed as well.

D.A. Byrd; S.C. Bender; E.L. Miller; D.H. Dowell

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

The incidence and prevalence of hypertension in the Province of Quebec.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence, incidence and lifetime risk of developing hypertension after a given age in the Province of (more)

Valle, Michel.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

E-Print Network 3.0 - annual cancer incidence Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: annual cancer incidence Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 aallll IIrreell aanndd ccaanncceerr...

255

E-Print Network 3.0 - analysing healthcare incident Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

, many of the telemedicine incidents reported to MAUDE demonstrate that ... Source: Johnson, Chris - Department of Computing Science, University of Glasgow Collection: Computer...

256

One step closer to the efficient management of speed-related rail incidents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper aims to shed light on frequent and recurring rail-related excess speed incidents observed in the largest railway company in Paris, France, the RATP. Based on internal examples in the RATP transportation rail system, we will identify, by means of a return-on experience method, the main causes behind these incidents. The causes may be of a diverse nature and, if identified, can facilitate the analysis of each speed-related incident. This study, therefore, aims to demonstrate how to better address and efficiently manage such incidents with a view to revealing the dysfunctional elements within the system, deal with them efficiently and, thus, reduce their frequency and scale.

Cheila Duarte Colardelle; Jacques Valancogne; Stephanie Fond

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Independent Oversight Focus Area Review, DOE Nuclear Facilities - April  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Independent Oversight Focus Area Review, DOE Nuclear Facilities - Independent Oversight Focus Area Review, DOE Nuclear Facilities - April 2010 Independent Oversight Focus Area Review, DOE Nuclear Facilities - April 2010 April 2010 Review of Specific Administrative Controls at DOE Nuclear Facilities The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Independent Oversight, within the Office of Health Safety and Security occasionally reviews specific focus areas. Focus areas are aspects of safety programs that Independent Oversight determines warrant increased management attention based on reviews of performance data, inspection results, and operating experience across DOE sites. Due, in part, to operating experience and previous inspection results. DOE selected specific administrative controls (SACs) as a focus area. SACs are new or revised technical safety requirements (TSRs)

258

Ultrasonic inspection apparatus and method using a focused wave device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultrasonic pulse echo inspection apparatus and method for detecting structural failures. A focus lens is coupled to the transducer to focus the ultrasonic signal on an area to be inspected and a stop is placed in the focus lens to block selected ultrasonic waves. Other waves are not blocked and are transmitted through the structure to arrive at interfaces therein concurrently to produce an echo response with significantly less distortion.

Gieske, John H. (Albuquerque, NM); Roach, Dennis P. (Albuquerque, NM); Walkington, Phillip D. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Creating a smart city by focusing on grid efficiencies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Creating-a-smart-city-by-focusing-on-grid-efficiencies Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand...

260

Neutron stars is focus of Los Alamos National Laboratory Frontiers...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Science lectures Neutron stars is focus of Los Alamos National Laboratory Frontiers in Science lectures Lectures are intended to increase local public awareness of the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "focuses incident insolation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Focused Safety Management Evaluation of the Oak Ridge National...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 Oak Ridge National Laboratory Focused Safety Management Evaluation of the Office of Environment, Safety and Health Oversight Environment, Safety and Health Integrated Safety...

262

System Simulations of Hybrid Electric Vehicles with Focus on...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

System Simulations of Hybrid Electric Vehicles with Focus on Emissions Zhiming Gao Veerathu K. Chakravarthy Josh Pihl C. Stuart Daw Maruthi Devarakonda Jong Lee...

263

Focus Series: MaineResidential Direct Install Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Focus Series: MaineResidential Direct Install Program: Residential Air Sealing Program Drives Maine Home Energy Savings Through the Roof.

264

Phased?Array Focusing Potential in Pipe with Viscoelastic Coating  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work investigates the effectiveness of traditional guided?wave focusing techniques in piping with viscoelastic coating. Focusing results for an uncoated pipe are compared to that of pipe with a fusion?bonded epoxy coating a coal?tar mastic coating a coal?tar epoxy coating a coal?tar tape coating a wax coating and an enamel coating. Experimental results are compared to computationally derived models. Results show that for most coating types focusing can be achieved without special consideration of the coating. This is significant in that it demonstrates the immediate applicability of traditional focusing techniques to coated pipeline.

J. K. Van Velsor; L. Zhang; L. J. Breon; J. L. Rose

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

EISA 2007: Focus on Renewable Fuels Standard Program | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

EISA 2007: Focus on Renewable Fuels Standard Program At the November 6, 2008 joint Web conference of DOE's Biomass and Clean Cities programs, Paul Argyropoulos (U.S....

266

Summary Report from Theory Focus Session on Hydrogen Storage Materials  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report provides information about the Theory Focus Session on Hydrogen Storage Materials held on May 18, 2006 in Crystal City, Va.

267

Ordered Nanoparticle Catalysts article is an Energy Focus > Archived...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gruner's time at CHESS In This Section EMC2 News Archived News Stories Ordered Nanoparticle Catalysts article is an Energy Focus January 24th, 2013 A Nature Materials...

268

Spatiotemporal focusing dynamics in plasmas at X-ray wavelength  

SciTech Connect

Using a finite curvature beam, we investigate here the spatiotemporal focusing dynamics of a laser pulse in plasmas at X-ray wavelength. We trace the dependence of curvature parameter on the focusing of laser pulse and recognize that the self-focusing in plasma is more intense for the X-ray laser pulse with curved wavefront than with flat wavefront. The simulation results demonstrate that spatiotemporal focusing dynamics in plasmas can be controlled with the appropriate choice of beam-plasma parameters to explore the high intensity effects in X-ray regime.

Sharma, A., E-mail: a-physics2001@yahoo.com; Tibai, Z. [Institute of Physics, University of Pecs, Pecs7624 (Hungary)] [Institute of Physics, University of Pecs, Pecs7624 (Hungary); Hebling, J. [Institute of Physics, University of Pecs, Pecs7624 (Hungary) [Institute of Physics, University of Pecs, Pecs7624 (Hungary); Szentagothai Research Centre, University of Pecs, Pecs-7624 (Hungary); Mishra, S. K. [Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar (India)] [Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar (India)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

269

LDRD symposium focuses on materials in extremes, big data, and...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

symposium focuses on materials in extremes, big data, and energy use impacts | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing...

270

Laser beam self-focusing in the atmosphere  

SciTech Connect

We propose to exploit a self-focusing effect in the atmosphere to assist delivering powerful laser beams from orbit to the ground. We demonstrate through numerical modeling that if the self-focusing length is comparable with the atmosphere height the self-focusing can reduce the spot size on the ground well below the diffraction limited one without beam quality degradation. The use of light self-focusing in the atmosphere can greatly relax the requirements for the orbital optics and ground receivers.

Rubenchik, A M; Fedoruk, M P; Turitsyn, S K

2008-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

271

Focus Series: Philadelphia Energyworks: In the City of Brotherly...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Philadelphia Energyworks: In the City of Brotherly Love, Sharing Know-How Leads to Sustainability Focus Series: Philadelphia Energyworks: In the City of Brotherly Love, Sharing...

272

Focus Series: The Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance (GCEA) Equipment...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance (GCEA) Equipment Lease Program Breaks Down Barriers for Cincinnati Contractors Focus Series: The Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance (GCEA)...

273

Focus issue introduction: renewable energy and the environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This focus issue highlights selected contributions from authors who presented promising concepts at OSAs Renewable Energy and the Environment Optics and Photonics Congress held...

Seassal, Christian; Koshel, John

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Electron induced dissociation of trimethyl (methylcyclopentadienyl) platinum (IV): Total cross section as a function of incident electron energy  

SciTech Connect

The total cross section has been measured for the electron induced dissociation of trimethyl (methylcyclopentadienyl) platinum (IV) [MeCpPt(IV)Me{sub 3}], a Pt precursor often used in focused electron beam induced processing (FEBIP), for incident electron energies ranging between 3-3 keV. Measurements were performed for the precursor in the adsorbed state under ultrahigh vacuum conditions. The techniques used in this study were temperature programmed desorption, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. Two surfaces were used in these experiments, amorphous carbon overlayers containing embedded Pt atoms (a:C-Pt), formed by the electron decomposition of the Pt precursor, and atomically clean Au. The results from these three experiments revealed a comparatively low total cross section at 8 eV (4.2+-0.3x10{sup -17} cm{sup 2} on the a:C-Pt and 1.4+-0.1x10{sup -17} cm{sup 2} on the Au) that increases with increasing incident electron energy, reaching a maximum at around 150 eV (4.1+-0.5x10{sup -16} cm{sup 2} on the a:C-Pt and 2.3+-0.2x10{sup -16} cm{sup 2} on the clean Au), before decreasing at higher incident electron energies, up to 3000 eV. Differences in the measured cross sections between Au and a:C-Pt surfaces demonstrate that the substrate can influence the reaction cross section of adsorbed species. Temperature programmed desorption was also used to measure the adsorption energy of MeCpPt(IV)Me{sub 3}, which was found to depend on both the substrate and the adsorbate coverage. The work in this paper demonstrates that surface science techniques can be used to quantitatively determine the total cross section of adsorbed FEBIP precursors for electron induced dissociation as a function of incident electron energy. These total cross section values are necessary to obtain quantitatively accurate information from FEBIP models and to compare the reaction efficiencies of different precursors on a quantitative basis.

Dorp, W. F. van [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Laboratory of Surface Modification, Rutgers, State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854-8019 (United States); Charged Particle Optics Group, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology, Lorentzweg 1, 2628 CJ Delft (Netherlands); Wnuk, J. D.; Gorham, J. M.; Fairbrother, D. H. [Department of Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States); Madey, T. E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Laboratory of Surface Modification, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854-8019 (United States); Hagen, C. W. [Charged Particle Optics Group, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology, Lorentzweg 1, 2628 CJ Delft (Netherlands)

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Engineering The only online degree program focused on moving  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Master of Engineering in Engine Systems The only online degree program focused on moving the internal combustion industry forward through graduate education of working engineers. Master of Engineering in Engine Systems The only online degree program focused on moving the internal combustion industry forward

Van Veen, Barry D.

276

Climate change and tropical biodiversity: a new focus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Climate change and tropical biodiversity: a new focus Jedediah Brodie1 , Eric Post2 and William F, Australia Considerable efforts are focused on the consequences of climate change for tropical rainforests climatic changes and human land use) remain understudied. Key concerns are that aridification could

Wisenden, Brian D.

277

Wiggler plane focusing in a linear free electron laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This disclosure describes a free electron laser apparatus that provides a magnetic centering force to turn or focus a non-axial electron toward the longitudinal axis as desired. The focusing effect is provided by wiggler magnet pole faces that are approximately parabolically shaped.

Scharlemann, E.T.

1985-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

278

Focus Sheet | Hydrofluoric Acid Health hazards of hydrofluoric acid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Focus Sheet | Hydrofluoric Acid Health hazards of hydrofluoric acid Hydrofluoric acid (HF characterized by weight loss, brittle bones, anemia, and general ill health. Safe use If possible, avoid working to exposures. #12;Focus Sheet | Hydrofluoric Acid Environmental Health and Safety Environmental Programs Office

Wilcock, William

279

Development of a focused ion beam micromachining system  

SciTech Connect

Focused ion beams are currently being investigated for many submicron fabrication and analytical purposes. An FIB micromachining system consisting of a UHV vacuum system, a liquid metal ion gun, and a control and data acquisition computer has been constructed. This system is being used to develop nanofabrication and nanomachining techniques involving focused ion beams and scanning tunneling microscopes.

Pellerin, J.G.; Griffis, D.; Russell, P.E.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Example minor programs in Civil Engineering 1) Structural Engineering focus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Q Accessing Architecture through Drawing (A,W) 4 CEE 100 Managing Sustainable Building Projects (S and Management focus CEE 100 Managing Sustainable Building Projects (A) 4 CEE 102 Legal Aspects of Engineering Buildings (W; w/lab) 4 4) Sustainability focus CEE 31Q Accessing Architecture through Drawing (A,W; prereq

Prinz, Friedrich B.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "focuses incident insolation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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281

Microfluidics Formation of Bubbles in a Multisection Flow-Focusing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microfluidics Formation of Bubbles in a Multisection Flow-Focusing Junction Michinao Hashimoto the stable formation of trains of mono-, bi-, and tri-disperse bubbles in microfluidic flow- focusing (FF-assembly through the patterns of flow created by the bubbles. 1.1 Bubbles and Droplets in Microfluidics

Prentiss, Mara

282

Electron Beam Emission Characteristics from Plasma Focus Devices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we observed the characteristics of the electron beam emission from our plasma focus machine filling neon argon helium and hydrogen. Rogowski coil and CCD based magnetic spectrometer were used to obtain temporal and energy distribution of electron emission. And the preliminary results of deposited FeCo thin film using electron beam from our plasma focus device were presented.

T. Zhang; A. Patran; D. Wong; S. M. Hassan; S. V. Springham; T. L. Tan; P. Lee; S. Lee; R. S. Rawat

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

High resolution bragg focusing optics for synchrotron monochromators and analyzers  

SciTech Connect

A number of different applications for high resolution Bragg Focusing Optics are reviewed. Applications include Sagittal Focusing, Energy Dispersive optics for x-ray absorption and diffraction, a curved analyzer-multichannel detector method for efficient acquisition of powder and small angle scattering data, the use of Backscattering Analyzers for very high resolution inelastic scattering, and curved crystals for high energy applications.

Knapp, G.S.; Beno, M.A.; Gofron, K.J.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Cancer incidences in Europe related to mortalities, and ethnohistoric, genetic, and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cancer incidences in Europe related to mortalities, and ethnohistoric, genetic, and geographic We have previously shown that geographic differences in cancer mortalities in Europe are related of 45 male and 47 female cancers. Differences in cancer incidences are correlated moder- ately, first

Rosenberg, Michael S.

285

Eur J Cancer. Author manuscript Social inequalities in cancer incidence and cancer survival: Lessons from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Eur J Cancer. Author manuscript Page /1 5 Social inequalities in cancer incidence and cancer ( ). With regards to cancer risk, a first comprehensive review of socioeconomic inequalities was1 published by IARC in 1997 ( ). This review covered inequalities in cancer mortality, incidence and survival and discussed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

286

Childhood leukaemia incidence below the age of 5 years near French nuclear power plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Childhood leukaemia incidence below the age of 5 years near French nuclear power plants D Laurier 1 living in the vicinity of nuclear power plants in Germany. We present herein results about the incidence of childhood leukaemia in the vicinity of nuclear power plants in France for the same age range. These results

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

287

The low energy ion assisted control of interfacial structure: ion incident angle eects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The low energy ion assisted control of interfacial structure: ion incident angle eects X.W. Zhou *, H.N.G. Wadley Department of Materials Science and Engineering, School of Engineering and Applied atomistic modeling of normal incident angle ion impacts with model Ni/Cu/Ni multilayer surfaces have

Wadley, Haydn

288

ROYAL HOLLOWAY, UNIVERSITY OF LONDON ACCIDENT/INCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on employers to thoroughly investigate such occurrences and having done so, to take appropriate remedial actionROYAL HOLLOWAY, UNIVERSITY OF LONDON ACCIDENT/INCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING PROCEDURE in the investigations or take the lead role on behalf of the College. #12;SECTION 1 Accident/Incident Investigation

Sheldon, Nathan D.

289

Weekly Security Incident Log Period of May 27 -Jun 2, 2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/30/2013 02:37 PM Emergency Medical 2013-000958 ROSS BUILDING - NORTH TOWER Subject not Identified SecurityWeekly Security Incident Log Period of May 27 - Jun 2, 2013 Incident No. Reported Date Building and a Facilities Electrician responded to a report that a lamp standard on the north side of the William Small

290

forthcoming in Economic Letters Incidence of Federal and State Gasoline Taxes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

forthcoming in Economic Letters Incidence of Federal and State Gasoline Taxes Hayley Chouinarda, Berkeley, and member of the Giannini Foundation. Abstract The federal specific gasoline tax falls equally incidence of state taxes is greater in states that use relatively little gasoline. Author Keywords: Taxes

Perloff, Jeffrey M.

291

Characterization of X-UV multilayers by grazing incidence X-ray reflectometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1675 Characterization of X-UV multilayers by grazing incidence X-ray reflectometry L. Nevot, B of the performance at other wavelengths appears rather doubtful. We show how grazing incidence X-ray reflectometry], microelectronics [3], neutron optics [4] and X-UV optics [5]. In the last case, the stacks are made of alternating

Boyer, Edmond

292

Measuring Energy Poverty: Focusing on What Matters | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Measuring Energy Poverty: Focusing on What Matters Measuring Energy Poverty: Focusing on What Matters Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Measuring Energy Poverty: Focusing on What Matters Agency/Company /Organization: University of Oxford Sector: Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs, - Energy Access Resource Type: Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.ophi.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/OPHI_WP_42_Measuring_Energy_Poverty Measuring Energy Poverty: Focusing on What Matters Screenshot References: Measuring Energy Poverty: Focusing on What Matters[1] "This paper reviews a series of specific metrics and analyses the methodological strengths and shortcomings of various models. We address an analytical gap by laying the foundation for a novel composite index to measure energy poverty as a complement to existing tools. We also provide

293

Interactions Between Energy Security and Climate Change: A Focus on  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interactions Between Energy Security and Climate Change: A Focus on Interactions Between Energy Security and Climate Change: A Focus on Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Interactions Between Energy Security and Climate Change: A Focus on Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: Morgan Bazilian, Benjamin F. Hobbs, Will Blyth, Iain MacGill, Mark Howells Partner: Energy Policy Sector: Energy, Climate Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Security Resource Type: Publications Website: www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&_imagekey=B6V2W-52SN633-5-1&_cd Cost: Free Interactions Between Energy Security and Climate Change: A Focus on Developing Countries Screenshot References: Interactions Between Energy Security and Climate Change: A Focus on Developing Countries[1]

294

Independent Oversight Focused Review, Kansas City Plant, Summary Report -  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Independent Oversight Focused Review, Kansas City Plant, Summary Independent Oversight Focused Review, Kansas City Plant, Summary Report - December 2001 Independent Oversight Focused Review, Kansas City Plant, Summary Report - December 2001 December 2001 Focused Review of Environment, Safety and Health and Emergency Management at the Kansas City Plant The Secretary of Energy's Office of Independent Oversight and Performance Assurance (OA) conducted a focused review of environment, safety, and health (ES&H) and emergency management programs at the Kansas City Plant (KCP) in November 2001. Independent Oversight's Office of Environment, Safety and Health Evaluations and Office of Emergency Management Oversight performed the review as a joint effort. As discussed in this report, KCP has a good safety and environmental

295

Measurements and simulations of focused beam for orthovoltage therapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Megavoltage photon beams are typically used for therapy because of their skin-sparing effect. However, a focused low-energy x-ray beam would also be skin sparing, and would have a higher dose concentration at the focal spot. Such a beam can be produced with polycapillary optics. MCNP5 was used to model dose profiles for a scanned focused beam, using measured beam parameters. The potential of low energy focused x-ray beams for radiation therapy was assessed. Methods: A polycapillary optic was used to focus the x-ray beam from a tungsten source. The optic was characterized and measurements were performed at 50 kV. PMMA blocks of varying thicknesses were placed between optic and the focal spot to observe any variation in the focusing of the beam after passing through the tissue-equivalent material. The measured energy spectrum was used to model the focused beam in MCNP5. A source card (SDEF) in MCNP5 was used to simulate the converging x-ray beam. Dose calculations were performed inside a breast tissue phantom. Results: The measured focal spot size for the polycapillary optic was 0.2 mm with a depth of field of 5 mm. The measured focal spot remained unchanged through 40 mm of phantom thickness. The calculated depth dose curve inside the breast tissue showed a dose peak several centimeters below the skin with a sharp dose fall off around the focus. The percent dose falls below 10% within 5 mm of the focus. It was shown that rotating the optic during scanning would preserve the skin-sparing effect of the focused beam. Conclusions: Low energy focused x-ray beams could be used to irradiate tumors inside soft tissue within 5 cm of the surface.

Abbas, Hassan, E-mail: Hassan.Abbas@Yale.Edu [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, Yale-New Haven Hospital, New Haven, 344 Lane Street Hamden, Connecticut 06514 (United States)] [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, Yale-New Haven Hospital, New Haven, 344 Lane Street Hamden, Connecticut 06514 (United States); Mahato, Dip N., E-mail: dip.n.mahato@intel.com [Intel Corporation, Mail-Stop RA3-410, 2501 NW 229th Avenue, Hillsboro, Oregon 97124 (United States); Satti, Jahangir, E-mail: sattij@mail.amc.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Albany Medical Center, 43 New Scotland Avenue, Albany, New York 12208 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Albany Medical Center, 43 New Scotland Avenue, Albany, New York 12208 (United States); MacDonald, C. A., E-mail: c.macdonald@albany.edu [Department of Physics, University at Albany, SUNY, 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany, New York 12222 (United States)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

296

Funding for Nationwide Student-Focused Clean Energy Business Competitions |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Funding for Nationwide Student-Focused Clean Energy Business Funding for Nationwide Student-Focused Clean Energy Business Competitions Funding for Nationwide Student-Focused Clean Energy Business Competitions July 22, 2011 - 3:02pm Addthis Office Of Public Affairs - Thursday, July 21, 2011 Washington, D.C. - As part of the Obama Administration's effort to support and empower the next generation of American clean energy entrepreneurs, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced $2 million in available funding for the National University Clean Energy Business Challenge. This nationwide initiative will create a network of regional student-focused clean energy business creation competitions whose winners will compete for a National Grand Prize at a completion held at the Department of Energy in Washington, D.C. in early summer 2012.

297

HSS Focus and Work Group Meetings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HSS Focus and Work Group Meetings HSS Focus and Work Group Meetings HSS Focus and Work Group Meetings As part of the DOE Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) outreach effort, the HSS Focus Group was formed in March 2007 to initiate dialogue and interface with labor unions, DOE Program Secretarial Offices, and stakeholders in areas of mutual interest and concern related to health, safety, security, and the environment. In an ongoing effort to further the improvement of health, safety, environmental, and security performance within the Department, DOE is engaged in the establishment of work groups to pursue health and safety improvements across the DOE Complex. These efforts support DOE's responsibility as owner/manager to protect its greatest asset: the worker. The work groups support DOE's integrated safety management system and

298

Workshops, Focus Groups and Important Documents | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Workshops, Focus Groups and Important Documents Workshops, Focus Groups and Important Documents Workshops, Focus Groups and Important Documents Workshops, Focus Groups and Important Documents Rolling out the Energy Department Quadrennial Technology Review Report: Public Release of the DOE Quadrennial Technology Review with Secretary Steven Chu, OSTP Director John Holdren, and Under Secretary Steven Koonin Tuesday, September 27, 2011 - 1:00pm ET American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) 1200 New York Ave NW, Washington, DC 20005 Stakeholder Roundtable Thursday, September 29, 2011 - 10:30am PT UC-Berkeley Auditorium CITRIS Building Sutardja Dai Hall Berkeley, CA 94720-1764 Public Lecture Tuesday, September 29, 2011 - 6:00pm PT The Tech Museum 201 South Market Street San Jose, CA 95113

299

HSS Focus Group Training Work Group Meeting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HSS Focus Group Training Work Group Meeting HSS Focus Group Training Work Group Meeting HSS Focus Group Training Work Group Meeting Meeting Dates: July 10 - 11 The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) Focus Group Training Work Group met at the DOE National Training Center (NTC) inAlbuquerque, NM on Tuesday, July 10 and Wednesday, July 11, 2012. The meeting was chaired by the Work Group co-chairs, Karen Boardman (HSS/NTC),Pete Stafford (AFL-CIO BCTD/CPWR), and Julie Johnston (EFCOG). Attachment 1 is the Meeting Agenda; Attachment 2 is a list of meeting attendees; and Attachment3 is the proposed Radworker Training Reciprocity Program. Meeting Agenda Meeting Summary Draft RAD Worker Training Reciprocity Program for Work Group v.1 Draft Radiation Worker Portability Validation

300

Obesity and FTO: changing focus at a complex locus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Obesity and FTO: changing focus at a complex locus. YC Loraine Tung, Giles SH Yeo, Stephen ORahilly & Anthony P Coll* University of Cambridge Metabolic Research Laboratories MRC Metabolic Diseases Unit Level 4, Wellcome Trust...

Tung, Y. C. Loraine; Yeo, Giles S. H.; O'Rahilly, Stephen; Coll, Anthony P.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "focuses incident insolation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

A meta-analytic review of the weapon focus effect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This meta-analytic review examined 19 tests of the weapon focus effectthe hypothesis that the presence of a weapon during commission of a crime will negatively ... the perpetrator. A significant overall differen...

Nancy Mehrkens Steblay

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Novel neutron focusing mirrors for compact neutron sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrated neutron beam focusing and neutron imaging using axisymmetric optics, based on pairs of confocal ellipsoid and hyperboloid mirrors. Such systems, known as Wolter mirrors, are commonly used in x-ray telescopes. ...

Gubarev, M.V.

303

Focus Series: Denver Energy Advisor Program Helps Homeowners...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Denver Energy Advisor Program Helps Homeowners Go the Extra Mile in Mile-High City Focus Series: Denver Energy Advisor Program Helps Homeowners Go the Extra Mile in Mile-High City...

304

Pressure-flow reducer for aerosol focusing devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pressure-flow reducer, and an aerosol focusing system incorporating such a pressure-flow reducer, for performing high-flow, atmosphere-pressure sampling while delivering a tightly focused particle beam in vacuum via an aerodynamic focusing lens stack. The pressure-flow reducer has an inlet nozzle for adjusting the sampling flow rate, a pressure-flow reduction region with a skimmer and pumping ports for reducing the pressure and flow to enable interfacing with low pressure, low flow aerosol focusing devices, and a relaxation chamber for slowing or stopping aerosol particles. In this manner, the pressure-flow reducer decouples pressure from flow, and enables aerosol sampling at atmospheric pressure and at rates greater than 1 liter per minute.

Gard, Eric (San Francisco, CA); Riot, Vincent (Oakland, CA); Coffee, Keith (Diablo Grande, CA); Woods, Bruce (Livermore, CA); Tobias, Herbert (Kensington, CA); Birch, Jim (Albany, CA); Weisgraber, Todd (Brentwood, CA)

2008-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

305

Forests and climate change focus of Frontiers in Science lectures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Science lectures Forests and climate change focus of Frontiers in Science lectures LANL researcher Nate McDowell will discuss climate change and its effects on forest...

306

Focus Group Training Work Group Meeting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2012 In conjunction with the HAMMER Steering Committee meeting the HSS Focus Group Training Working Group Meeting was conducted from 2:00 PM to 4:30 PM at the HAMMER Training...

307

2008 DOE Theory Focus Session on Hydrogen Storage Materials  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy, through the Office of Science (Basic Energy Sciences) and the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Fuel Cell Technologies) held a second Theory Focus...

308

DOE Theory Focus Session on Hydrogen Storage Materials  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy, through the Office of Science (Basic Energy Sciences) and the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Fuel Cell Technologies) held a Theory Focus Session on...

309

Focus Series - Chicago-Energy Impact Illinois (EI2) | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Illinois (EI2) Focus Series - Chicago-energy Impact Illinois (EI2) - A community-based, boots-on-the-ground outreach campaign. Through a "house party" initiative, EI2 brought...

310

Specimen Curriculum for Chemical Engineering Focus Area: Chemical Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemistry Chem 220B 3 hours Physical Chemistry Chem 230 3 hours Chemical Reactor Engineering ChBE 225 3Specimen Curriculum for Chemical Engineering Focus Area: Chemical Engineering Semester hours SOPHOMORE YEAR FALL SPRING Chem 219A

Bordenstein, Seth

311

Applications of focused ion beam SIMS in materials science  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Focused ion beam instruments (FIB) can be used both for materials processing and materials analysis, since the ion beam used in the FIB milling process generates several potentially useful analytical signals such...

David S. McPhail; Richard J. Chater; Libing Li

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

DOE Theory Focus Session on Hydrogen Storage Materials  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Department of Energy Theory Focus Session on Hydrogen Storage Materials DOE Hydrogen Program Basic Energy Sciences (Office of Science) and Office of Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and...

313

Thermal equilibrium theory of periodically focused charged-particle beams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A thermal equilibrium theory of periodically focused charged-particle beams is presented in the framework of both warm-fluid and kinetic descriptions. In particular, the thermal beam equilibria are discussed for paraxial ...

Samokhvalova, Ksenia R

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Stable pinch in the SPEED 2 plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Conditions of discharge generation in deuterium doped with heavy argon and xenon gases were investigated in experiments in the SPEED 2 plasma focus in the micropinch plasma compression mode and...

W. Kies; G. Decker; U. Berntien; Yu. V. Sidelnikov

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Investigation of Plasma Facing Components in Plasma Focus Operation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Both aspects of the plasmawall interactions, counter effect of plasma and materials, have been considered in our experiments. The AEOI plasma focus, Dena, has Filippov-type electrodes. The...

M. V. Roshan; A. R. Babazadeh; S. M. Sadat Kiai; H. Habibi

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Changes in compression dynamics for seeded plasma focus pinches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effects of radiation emission on the dynamic development of a neon seeded dense plasma focus are observed. The radiative cooling of the discharge is found to be responsible for the >10 times the increase in density of the pinch.

F. Venneri; K. Boulais; G. Gerdin

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Flow focusing in unsaturated fracture networks: A numerical investigation  

SciTech Connect

A numerical modeling study is presented to investigate flow-focusing phenomena in a large-scale fracture network, constructed using field data collected from the unsaturated zone of Yucca Mountain, Nevada, the proposed repository site for high-level nuclear waste. The two-dimensional fracture network for an area of 100 m x 150 m contains more than 20,000 fractures. Steady-state unsaturated flow in the fracture network is investigated for different boundary conditions and rock properties. Simulation results indicate that flow paths are generally vertical, and that horizontal fractures mainly provide pathways between neighboring vertical paths. In addition to fracture properties, flow-focusing phenomena are also affected by rock-matrix permeability, with lower matrix permeability leading to a high degree of flow focusing. The simulation results further indicate that the average spacing between flow paths in a layered system tends to increase and flow tends to becomes more focused, with depth.

Zhang, Keni; Wu, Yu-Shu; Bodvarsson, G.S.; Liu, Hui-Hai

2003-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

318

Diffractive Nano-Focusing and Nano-Imaging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Diffractive nano-focusing and nano-imaging with photon sieves and modified Fresnel zone plates are introduced. Especially, the individual far-field model for photon sieves and the...

Cao, Qing

319

Intuitive explanation of the phase anomaly of focused light beams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An intuitive argument is presented for the phase anomaly, that is, the 180 phase shift of a light wave in passing through a focus. The treatment is based on the geometrical...

Boyd, Robert W

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Focus issue introduction: Renewable energy and the environment 2013  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This focus issue highlights contributions from authors who presented their research at OSAs Renewable Energy and the Environment Optics and Photonics Congress held 3-6 November...

Koshel, R John; Seassal, Christian; Deparis, Olivier; Kumar, Raavi Sai Santosh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "focuses incident insolation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Nonlinear optics with focused x-ray lasers  

SciTech Connect

We have investigated the possibility of focusing x-ray lasers with the use of multilayered mirrors or zone plates. The results indicate that x-ray intensities as high as 10{sup 14} W/cm{sup 2} can be achieved by focusing saturated Ne-like x-ray lasers. These intensities should be adequate for studying nonlinear optical phenomena. 9 refs., 2 figs.

DaSilva, L.B.; Muendel, M.H.; Falcone, R.W.; Fields, D.J.; Kortright, J.B.; MacGowan, B.J.; Matthews, D.L.; Mrowka, S.; Shimkaveg, G.M.; Trebes, J.E.

1990-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

322

Laser plasma focus produced in a ring target  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new geometry for generating a laser?produced plasma is presented. A toroidalmirror is used to focus a CO2laser beam on the inside wall of a copper ring target. The plasma produced converges at the center of the ring where an axial plasma focus is formed. High?speed photography shows details of a plasma generated at a distance from the target surface. This new geometry could have important applications in the field of x?ray lasers.

G. Saint?Hilaire; Z. Szili

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Two?dimensional magnetohydrodynamic calculations of the plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two?dimensional magnetohydrodynamic calculations on plasma focus experiments in the Mather geometry are described. The properties of the two?dimensional numerical solutions are discussed. Detailed results are given for a specific problem which compares favorably with experiment. The numerical solution for the plasma focus previously given by Potter has been rerun with substantial disagreement. Arguments are given to show that the Potter code is incorrect.

Stephen Maxon; James Eddleman

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Sn Plasma Focus Discharge for EUV Radiation Source  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A small plasma focus device was constructed for the EUV radiation experiment. The storage energy of capacitor bank is 3.4 kj and the maximum discharge current is 140 kA. Although the device was not well optimized for strong pinch EUV radiation was observed from the focus plasma. The plasma dynamics was affected by electrode material and the use of Sn electrode was proved to be effective for producing Sn plasma.

Keiichi Takasugi; Takeshi Umeda; Ena Kiuchi; Takuya Hayashi

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Studies on a small modified plasma focus opening switch  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The small plasma focus device UNU/ICTP PFF has been modified to test its operation as an opening switch with a plasma filled diode as the load. Recent experiment results on this modified plasma focus opening switch (MPFOS) showing long conduction opening action have been reported [1 2 3]. In this paper a series of experiments to characterize the ion beams produced will be reported.

W. S. Leong; C. S. Wong; P. Choi; S. P. Moo

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Focused excimer laser initiated, radio frequency sustained high pressure air plasmas  

SciTech Connect

Measurements and analysis of air breakdown processes and plasma production by focusing 193 nm, 300 mJ, 15 MW high power laser radiation inside a 6 cm diameter helical radio frequency (RF) coil are presented. Quantum resonant multi-photon ionization (REMPI) and collisional cascade laser ionization processes are exploited that have been shown to produce high-density (n{sub e} {approx} 7 x 10{sup 16}/cm{sup 3}) cylindrical seed plasmas at 760 Torr. Air breakdown in lower pressures (from 7-22 Torr), where REMPI is the dominant laser ionization process, is investigated using an UV 18 cm focal length lens, resulting in a laser flux of 5.5 GW/cm{sup 2} at the focal spot. The focused laser power absorption and associated shock wave produce seed plasmas for sustainment by the RF (5 kW incident power, 1.5 s) pulse. Measurements of the helical RF antenna load impedance in the inductive and capacitive coupling regimes are obtained by measuring the loaded antenna reflection coefficient. A 105 GHz interferometer is used to measure the plasma electron density and collision frequency. Spectroscopic measurements of the plasma and comparison with the SPECAIR code are made to determine translational, rotational, and vibrational neutral temperatures and the associated neutral gas temperature. From this and the associated measurement of the gas pressure the electron temperature is obtained. Experiments show that the laser-formed seed plasma allows RF sustainment at higher initial air pressures (up to 22 Torr) than that obtained via RF-only initiation (<18 Torr) by means of a 0.3 J UV laser pulse.

Giar, Ryan; Scharer, John [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 506 Engineering Research Building, 1500 Engineering Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

327

Predictors of Weapon Use in Domestic Violence Incidents Reported to Law Enforcement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The studys aim was to determine the predictors of weapon use during domestic violence incidents that were...N...?=?369) from the San Diego County Sheriffs department comprised the study sample. The predictor va...

Poco Kernsmith; Sarah W. Craun

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Hospital response for children as a vulnerable population in radiological/nuclear incidents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......hospital's response to a nuclear or radiological emergency...Stronger links between nuclear medicine programs and...operations and preparedness policies need to include paediatric...Infectious Disease. Policy statement: chemical-biological...population in radiological/nuclear incidents. | Emergency......

Brenda Conway; Jordan Pike

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohols caries incidence Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Student Summary: incident of a similar nature. 4.6 Amnesty for Multiple Alcohol-Related Medical Emergencies (a) For those... This Policy provides that any student who is in need...

330

Cancer Incidence in First Generation U.S. Hispanics: Cubans, Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, and New Latinos  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

2009 American Association for Cancer Research. August 2009 research-article Research Articles Cancer Incidence in First Generation U.S. Hispanics...for reprints: Paulo S. Pinheiro, Florida Cancer Data System, University of Miami School...

Paulo S. Pinheiro; Recinda L. Sherman; Edward J. Trapido; Lora E. Fleming; Youjie Huang; Orlando Gomez-Marin; David Lee

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

The Step Roughening of the Cu(113) Surface: A Grazing Incidence X-Ray Scattering Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In conjunction with the development of high brilliance synchrotron sources, the grazing incidence x-ray scattering (GIXS) technique is emerging as an important structural probe for surface and interface studies [...

K. S. Liang; E. B. Sirota; K. L. DAmico; G. J. Hughes

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Metalized Polyethylene Mulch to Reduce Incidence of Huanglongbing and Improve Growth of New Citrus Plantings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7.14 P Metalized Polyethylene Mulch to Reduce Incidence ofNorth, Immokalee, FL, USA Polyethylene mulch was evaluatedUV reflective low density polyethylene mulch metalized with

Croxton, S.; Stansly, P.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Towards a Learning Traffic Incident Detection System Tomas Singliar and Milos Hauskrecht  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

manual tuning. Our hypoth- esis is that these time-consuming solutions can be sucessfuly eliminated of sensor networks on US roadways. Incident detection systems (IDS) are complex arrange- ments

Hauskrecht, Milos

334

Analysis of randomly oriented structures by grazing-incidence small-angle neutron scattering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A formalism is presented which allows the quantitative evaluation of grazing-incidence small-angle neutron scattering patterns from randomly oriented one-dimensional paracrystal domains with lamellar structure.

Korolkov, D.

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

335

A study of incidents involving programmable electronic safety-related systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......from the analysis of the incidents studied. Hazard analysis techniques such as HAZOP or failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) and fault-tree analysis (FTA). These methods help identify and analyse potential faults, failures and their causes......

C Chambers; P.R Croll; M Bowell

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Impact of polarization and incidence of the ASAR sensor on coastline mapping: example of Gabon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coastline mapping is of great interest in many different applications. In this Letter, we analyse the effect of the polarization and the incidence angle of the new Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR) sensor on coastline detection. Results indicate ...

N. Baghdadi; R. Pedreros; N. Lenotre; T. Dewez; M. Paganini

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

A study of incidents involving programmable electronic safety-related systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......inadequate requirements specification, lack of safety...safety requirements specification Hardware a Design...safety requirements specification: caused by an inadequate...without sufficient thermal insulation. 3 Example incidents......

C Chambers; P.R Croll; M Bowell

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

General formula for the incidence factor of a solar heliostat receiver system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A general formula is derived for the effective incidence factor of an array of heliostat mirrors for solar power collection. The formula can be greatly simplified for arrays of high...

Wei, Ling Y

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Assessing the Potential of Using Traffic Simulation Model Results for Evaluating Automatic Incident Detection Algorithms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessing the Potential of Using Traffic Simulation Model Results for Evaluating Automatic Incident of such a test-bed would be the ability to incorporate synthetic data produced by a simulation model since

Hellinga, Bruce

340

Investigation of lane occupancy as a freeway control parameter for use during incident conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

parameters were used in the automatic control of' a freeway safety warning device. Two concepts, usir g measured lane occupancy foz the detection of' freeway incidents, were developed, . The f'irst concept was ter. . . cd critical occupancy... freeway safety warning device, using critical occupancy parameters, was developed and simulated in real-time. Evaluation of the simulated operation of the device revealed. that relia'cle detection of shock waves generated by freeway incidents...

Friebele, John Duncan

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "focuses incident insolation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Incident detection using the Standard Normal Deviate model and travel time information from probe vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INCIDENT DETECTION USING THE STANDARD iNORMAL DEVIATE MODEL AND TRAVEL TECHIE INFORMATION FROM PROBE VEHICLES A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER EUGENE MOUNTAIN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTFR OF SCIENCE December 1993 Major Subject: Civil Engineering INCIDENT DETECTION USING THE STANDARD NORMAL DEVIATE MODEL AND TRAVEL TIME INFORMATION FROM PROBE VEHICLES A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER EUGENE MOUNTAIN Submitted...

Mountain, Christopher Eugene

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

342

Sensitivity of fenestration solar gain to source spectrum and angle of incidence  

SciTech Connect

The solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC) is the fraction of solar radiant flux incident on a fenestration system entering a building as heat gain. In general it depends on both the angle of incidence and the spectral distribution of the incident solar radiation. In attempts to improve energy performance and user acceptance of high-performance glazing systems, manufacturers are producing glazing systems with increasing spectral selectivity. This poses potential difficulties for calculations of solar heat gain through windows based upon the use of a single solar spectral weighting function. The sensitivity of modern high-performance glazing systems to both the angle of incidence and the shape of the incident solar spectrum is examined using a glazing performance simulation program. It is found that as the spectral selectivity of the glazing system increases, the SHGC can vary as the incident spectral distribution varies. The variations can be as great as 50% when using several different representative direct-beam spectra. These include spectra having low and high air masses and a standard spectrum having an air mass of 1.5. The variations can be even greater if clear blue diffuse skylight is considered. It is recommended that the current broad-band shading coefficient method of calculating solar gain be replaced by one that is spectral based.

McCluney, W.R. [Florida Solar Energy Center, Cocoa, FL (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

343

International Working Group Meeting Focuses on Nuclear Power Infrastructure  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

International Working Group Meeting Focuses on Nuclear Power International Working Group Meeting Focuses on Nuclear Power Infrastructure Development and Financing of New Nuclear Projects International Working Group Meeting Focuses on Nuclear Power Infrastructure Development and Financing of New Nuclear Projects December 15, 2009 - 1:09pm Addthis VIENNA, AUSTRIA - The multi-nation Infrastructure Development Working Group (IDWG) held its fifth meeting and also a workshop on the financing of international nuclear power projects in Vienna, Austria, on December 9-10, 2009. An official from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) led the working group meeting. "As a key component of the international Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) program, the Infrastructure Development Working Group supports the safe, secure and responsible use of nuclear energy," said

344

Energy Department Projects Focus on Sustainable Natural Gas Development |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Projects Focus on Sustainable Natural Gas Projects Focus on Sustainable Natural Gas Development Energy Department Projects Focus on Sustainable Natural Gas Development January 10, 2013 - 1:00pm Addthis Today shale gas accounts for about 25 percent of our natural gas production. And experts believe this abundant supply will mean lower energy costs for millions of families; fewer greenhouse gas emissions; and more American jobs. | Photo courtesy of the EIA. Today shale gas accounts for about 25 percent of our natural gas production. And experts believe this abundant supply will mean lower energy costs for millions of families; fewer greenhouse gas emissions; and more American jobs. | Photo courtesy of the EIA. Gayland Barksdale Technical Writer, Office of Fossil Energy What is RPSEA? The Research Partnership to Secure Energy for America - or RPSEA -

345

Lab's Frontiers in Science lectures focus on epigenetics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Science lectures focus on epigenetics Frontiers in Science lectures focus on epigenetics Lab's Frontiers in Science lectures focus on epigenetics Sanbonmatsu will discuss the new science of epigenetics and how it is related to a wide range of biological phenomena. August 7, 2013 Cells in the human body contains strands of DNA nearly 10 feet long that look like this and are packed into cellular sacks less than a millionth of an inch in diameter. Cells in the human body contains strands of DNA nearly 10 feet long that look like this and are packed into cellular sacks less than a millionth of an inch in diameter. Contact Steve Sandoval Communications Office (505) 665-9206 Email Nick Njegomir Communications Office (505) 667-7000 Email "The act of a mother nurturing or not nurturing her baby programs DNA; so

346

PNNL: Biological Sciences - A Subsurface Science Scientific Focus Area -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Role of Microenvironments and Transition Zones in Subsurface Reactive Role of Microenvironments and Transition Zones in Subsurface Reactive Contaminant Transport Subsurface Science Scientific Focus Area (SFA) The Subsurface Science Scientific Focus Area (SFA) is funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research. The SFA team is performing integrated, multidisciplinary, science-theme-focused research on the role of microenvironments and transition zones in the reactive transport of technetium (Tc), uranium (U), and plutonium (Pu). The primary environmental system being studied is the groundwater-river interaction zone in the 300 area of the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State. Ringold Sediments Redox boundary in Ringold sediments about 2.5 m below the Hanford-Ringold contact. The boundary is the point where oxygen and other terminal electron

347

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2008 - Issues in Focus  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Issues in Focus Issues in Focus Annual Energy Outlook 2008 with Projections to 2030 Issues in Focus Introduction Each year, this section of the AEO provides in-depth discussions on topics of special interest that may affect annual projections, including significant changes in assumptions and recent developments in technologies for energy production, supply, and consumption. In view of recent increases in construction costs, including the costs of constructing power plants, refineries, and other energy-related facilities, this year's topics include a discussion of cost trends and the implications for energy markets. Other issues discussed this year include the implications of increased reliance on natural gas in the electricity generation sector, warming weather trends and their effects on energy demand, LNG imports, and world oil prices and production trends.

348

Miami Students' Solar Decathlon Design Focused on Sustainability |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Miami Students' Solar Decathlon Design Focused on Sustainability Miami Students' Solar Decathlon Design Focused on Sustainability Miami Students' Solar Decathlon Design Focused on Sustainability April 4, 2011 - 3:14pm Addthis The Florida International University team | courtesy of the FIU team The Florida International University team | courtesy of the FIU team Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs How can I participate? The next Solar Decathlon will be held Sept. 23-Oct. 2, 2011, at the National Mall's West Potomac Park in Washington, D.C. Join us there! In honor of the Department of Energy's Solar Decathlon -- which challenges 20 collegiate teams to design, build, and operate solar-powered houses that are cost-effective, energy-efficient, and attractive -- we are profiling each of the 20 teams participating in the competition. For our

349

Energy Secretary Moniz Promises to Focus on Energy Efficiency | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Promises to Focus on Energy Efficiency Promises to Focus on Energy Efficiency Energy Secretary Moniz Promises to Focus on Energy Efficiency May 21, 2013 - 4:57pm Addthis Secretary Moniz delivers his first remarks, after being sworn in as the new Energy Secretary, at the 2013 Energy Efficiency Global Forum. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Want to hear more from Sec. Moniz? Follow Dr. Moniz's progress as the 13th U.S. Secretary of Energy by visiting his Facebook and Twitter pages. The argument for energy efficiency is simple. Every year, much of the energy the U.S. consumes is wasted. That's why during his first public speech today at the 2013 Energy Efficiency Global Forum, Dr. Ernest Moniz said he was making energy efficiency a focal point during his tenure as

350

Clean Energy Technologies a Focus of Chemical Engineers' Annual Meeting |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technologies a Focus of Chemical Engineers' Annual Technologies a Focus of Chemical Engineers' Annual Meeting Clean Energy Technologies a Focus of Chemical Engineers' Annual Meeting October 16, 2012 - 1:00pm Addthis Pittsburgh -- The role of clean energy technologies in building a strong economy and improving quality of life is just one of the wide-ranging topics that will be covered at the 2012 Annual Meeting of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE), to be held October 28 through November 2 at the David L. Lawrence Convention Center in Pittsburgh, Pa. The AIChE Annual Meeting is the premier forum for chemical engineers, attended by industry, government, and academic representatives from around the world. The week-long gathering, featuring 12 different topical conferences and more than 750 sessions, provides an intellectual forum that

351

Miami Students' Solar Decathlon Design Focused on Sustainability |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Miami Students' Solar Decathlon Design Focused on Sustainability Miami Students' Solar Decathlon Design Focused on Sustainability Miami Students' Solar Decathlon Design Focused on Sustainability April 4, 2011 - 3:14pm Addthis The Florida International University team | courtesy of the FIU team The Florida International University team | courtesy of the FIU team Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs How can I participate? The next Solar Decathlon will be held Sept. 23-Oct. 2, 2011, at the National Mall's West Potomac Park in Washington, D.C. Join us there! In honor of the Department of Energy's Solar Decathlon -- which challenges 20 collegiate teams to design, build, and operate solar-powered houses that are cost-effective, energy-efficient, and attractive -- we are profiling each of the 20 teams participating in the competition. For our

352

Focus on International Cooperation Continues, Secretary Chu Ends Trip with  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Focus on International Cooperation Continues, Secretary Chu Ends Focus on International Cooperation Continues, Secretary Chu Ends Trip with Visit to Russian 'Los Alamos' Focus on International Cooperation Continues, Secretary Chu Ends Trip with Visit to Russian 'Los Alamos' June 10, 2011 - 2:05pm Addthis Lindsey Geisler Lindsey Geisler Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Secretary Chu wrapped up his week-long visit in Russia today with a special visit to the All Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics (VNIIEF). Many consider it to be the Russian equivalent of our Los Alamos National Laboratory. VNIIEF, located in Sarov, has a long scientific tradition in Russia, beginning when it was established in 1946 to design nuclear weapons. It's also where the first Soviet nuclear bomb, the "RDS-1," was created.

353

Summary Report from Theory Focus Session on Hydrogen Storage Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Theory Focus Session on Hydrogen Storage Materials DOE Hydrogen Program Assessment of Modeling Needs for Hydrogen Storage This report provides a summary of feedback from co-organizers, speakers and participants of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Theory Focus Session on Hydrogen Storage Materials, held Thursday, May 18, 2006, Crystal City, VA, in conjunction with the DOE Hydrogen Program Annual Merit Review, May 16-19, 2006. Session co-organizers: Chris Wolverton (Ford), Karl Johnson (University of Pittsburgh), Maciek Gutowski (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) Goal of focus session: Identify critical areas, key barriers and gaps in current theory/modeling approaches for hydrogen storage materials and technologies Role of modeling and simulation in design of H

354

Tribal Energy Webinar Focuses on Electric Grid | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Webinar Focuses on Electric Grid Webinar Focuses on Electric Grid Tribal Energy Webinar Focuses on Electric Grid March 19, 2013 - 1:21pm Addthis Learn about how and why the electric grid works in a new webinar, Understanding the Grid, to be held on Wednesday, March 27, from 11 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. Mountain time. This is the third in a series of free tribal energy webinars sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Tribal Energy Program, and Western Area Power Administration (WAPA). The webinar will be presented by Jim Charters, a utility transmission system consultant and former WAPA employee. The complex electric grid and how and why it works, including information about generating entities and

355

Linear Collider Final Focus Magnet Construction | Superconducting Magnet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Linear Collider Final Focus Magnet Construction Linear Collider Final Focus Magnet Construction The final focus magnets for the International Linear Collider require very small quadrupoles be placed within the detector background field for both the entrance and exit beams. The use of superconducting magnets for this function provide solutions to several problems confronting the machine designers. One constraint is the operation within the 3 tesla detector field. The direct wind magnets are capable of operation without the use of magnetic materials in their construction, making them ideal for compact focussing solutions within detectors. The second constraint is the small physical size dictated by the crossing angle of the beams and proximity to the IR within the detector solenoid. The Direct Wind design does not require a collar to withstand Lorentz

356

Simulation of the Focusing DIRC Optics with Mathematica  

SciTech Connect

The Focusing DIRC is considered for the Barrel PID at a possible Super-B factory. To reduce sensitivity to background, it would be desirable to reduce a size of the present BaBar photon detector. One way to do it is to replace it with a focusing optics and use smaller photon detector pixels. We have simulated the focusing optics with simulation software based on a 3D calculation performed with the Mathematica program. The software does not use Optica package, instead, it uses its own 3D algorithm. The advantage of the presented method is that it is transparent, fast and that it uses a full backing of the Mathematica graphics, and it does not require expertise to run Geat4 MC software.

Va'vra, J.; /SLAC

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

357

Characterization of oxygen ion beams emitted from plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Lee model is modified to include oxygen in addition to other gases. It is then applied to characterize the ion beams emitted from the low energy plasma focus PF 1kJ device operated with oxygen gas. The numerical experiments give the following results: ion fluence- 3נ1018ionsm?2, ion flux- 2.4נ1026ionsm?2s?1, ion energy- 261keV, ion number- 3.5נ1013, ion current- 3.5kA, and damage factor- 1.12נ109Wm?2s0.5. Numerical experiments are systematically carried out on other plasma focus devices of various energies. Scaling trends are suggested for oxygen ion beam characteristics. These results provide much needed benchmark reference values and scaling trends for ion beams of a plasma focus operated in oxygen gas.

Mohamad Akel; Sami Alsheikh Salo; Sor Heoh Saw; Sing Lee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Focus on International Cooperation Continues, Secretary Chu Ends Trip with  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Focus on International Cooperation Continues, Secretary Chu Ends Focus on International Cooperation Continues, Secretary Chu Ends Trip with Visit to Russian 'Los Alamos' Focus on International Cooperation Continues, Secretary Chu Ends Trip with Visit to Russian 'Los Alamos' June 10, 2011 - 2:05pm Addthis Lindsey Geisler Lindsey Geisler Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Secretary Chu wrapped up his week-long visit in Russia today with a special visit to the All Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics (VNIIEF). Many consider it to be the Russian equivalent of our Los Alamos National Laboratory. VNIIEF, located in Sarov, has a long scientific tradition in Russia, beginning when it was established in 1946 to design nuclear weapons. It's also where the first Soviet nuclear bomb, the "RDS-1," was created.

359

Facility will focus on bioenergy, global food security  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facility will focus on bioenergy, global food security Facility will focus on bioenergy, global food security Facility will focus on bioenergy, global food security The New Mexico Consortium expects to complete the 27,000 square foot laboratory and office facility next spring. May 22, 2012 Aerial view of Los Alamos National Laboratory Aerial view of Los Alamos National Laboratory. Contact Kevin Roark Communications Office (505) 665-9202 Email Los Alamos, N.M., May 22, 2012 - U.S. Senator Tom Udall (D-NM) spoke at the groundbreaking ceremony marking the start of construction on the New Mexico Consortium's (NMC) biological research facility last Friday afternoon. Senator Udall noted New Mexico's novel and extensive contributions to our nation's renewable energy efforts and congratulated LANL, the NMC, and Richard Sayre on their commitment to advancing the nations goals for energy

360

DOE Headquarters Review Focuses on Improved LATA Kentucky Worker Safety |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Headquarters Review Focuses on Improved LATA Kentucky Worker Headquarters Review Focuses on Improved LATA Kentucky Worker Safety DOE Headquarters Review Focuses on Improved LATA Kentucky Worker Safety July 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Kevin Dressman, director of the DOE Office of Worker Safety and Health Enforcement, addresses LATA Kentucky employees during a training session. The June regulatory assistance review was aimed at ensuring worker safety. Kevin Dressman, director of the DOE Office of Worker Safety and Health Enforcement, addresses LATA Kentucky employees during a training session. The June regulatory assistance review was aimed at ensuring worker safety. PADUCAH, Ky. - DOE Office of Health, Safety and Security headquarters representatives recently spent three days at the Paducah site helping EM cleanup contractor LATA Kentucky better identify and correct issues before

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "focuses incident insolation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

January 20, 2011, HSS Union Focus Group Meeting - Overview  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2-10-11 Rev 2 2-10-11 Rev 2 Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) Focus Group Meeting January 20, 2011 Meeting Overview The primary purpose of the January 20 HSS Focus Group Meeting was to review the most recent status of health, safety and security improvement activities, and to identify 2011 strategic path forward. Introductory Remarks: Glenn Podonsky, Chief Health, Safety and Security Officer for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), emphasized the importance of the upcoming January 25 Roundtable Meeting as an opportunity for union leadership to communicate worker priorities to DOE senior leadership. He spoke about the focus of the current Administration in energy efficiency improvements and investments in innovative technologies that will ultimately create

362

May 19, 2011, HSS/Union Focus Group Meeting - Agenda  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

16-11 16-11 HSS Focus Group Telecom Meeting Worker Health, Safety and Security Improvement Priorities/Task Activities May 19, 2011 Proposed AGENDA Introductory Remarks........................................................................ Glenn Podonsky Meeting Purpose/Intended Outcomes/Process.................. Pete Stafford/Mari-Jo Campagnone Priority Improvement Areas/Tasks Discussion * Safety & Security Reform.................................Bill Eckroade/Steve Kirchhoff/Unions * Background HSS/Union Focus Group Initial Workgroups....................... Pete Stafford * Worker Health and Safety Topical Discussions [Status/Priorities/Path Forward] Training Safety Standards 851 Implementation/Training/Enforcement

363

Closed-loop focus control system for laser welding  

SciTech Connect

In this paper the authors describe a focus control system for Nd:YAG laser welding based on an optical sensor incorporated into the fibre delivery system to detect light generated by the process. This broadband light is separated into two wavelength bands, and simple electronic processing gives a signal proportional to focal error, as a result of chromatic aberrations in the optical delivery system. Focus control is demonstrated for bead-on-plate welds in different thicknesses of titanium alloy, aluminum alloy, mild steel and stainless steel. The control system works for both pulsed and continuous laser radiation.

Haran, F.M.; Hand, D.P.; Jones, J.D.C. [Heriot-Watt Univ., Edinburgh (United Kingdom); Peters, C. [Lumonics Ltd., Rugby (United Kingdom)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

364

Focusing ground-state xenon in a pulsed optical field  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate a general scheme for manipulating atomic species by focusing ground state xenon atoms using large quasielectrostatic potentials created by high intensity (10{sup 12} W/cm{sup 2}), nanosecond, pulsed optical fields. The atomic density in the focal region was mapped out with a resolution of 2 {mu}m using resonantly enhanced multiphoton ionization of neutral atoms in the vicinity of the focus. Measurements of the transverse xenon velocity induced by the optical field, and the focal length of the atom-optical lens, are in good agreement with a quasielectrostatic model based on the static polarizablity of xenon.

Fulton, R.; Bishop, A.I.; Barker, P.F. [Department of Physics, School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland, EH14 4AS (United Kingdom)

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Multi-tower line focus Fresnel array project  

SciTech Connect

As an alternative to conventional tracking solar thermal trough systems, one may use line focus Fresnel reflector systems. In a conventional Fresnel reflector design, each field of reflectors is directed to a single tower. However efficient systems of very high ground utilisation can be setup if a field of reflectors uses multiple receivers on different towers. This paper describes a line focus system, called the compact linear fresnel reflector system and a project to produce an initial 95 MWth solar array. The array will be used as a retrofit preheater for a coal fired generating plant.

Mills, D.R.; Morrison, G.; Pye, J.; Le Lievre, P. [Solar Heat & Power SHP Pty. Ltd., Sydney, NSW (Australia)

2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

366

Numerical study on charged particle accelerations in the plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Collective features of accelerated ions in the plasma focus are investigated theoretically by using a computer simulation. It is shown that an effective heating of ions by the acceleration of ions occurs without collisions in the collapse phase. A hybrid plasma diode model is used for the particle accelerations after disruption of the focused plasma by the m=0 mode instability. It is shown that ions are efficiently accelerated in the disrupted region toward the downstream direction with respect to the discharge current and that the energy of the accelerated ions is spread rather widely over the scale of 100 keV as was observed in experiments.

Yoshiomi Kondoh; Minoru Mamada

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Particle?in?cell simulation of spherical plasma focus diode  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A self?magnetically insulated three?dimensionally focused ion?beam diode spherical plasma focusdiode (SPFD) is studied by numerical simulation using a two?dimensional electromagnetic relativistic particle?in?cell computer code. The calculated results of the diode impedance the ion?current efficiency and the focusing characteristics of the ion beam are presented. These results except the data of the ion?beam current are in good agreement with the experimental results. Since the major ion deflection direction observed experimentally is also obtained in the simulation it is attempted to optimize the SPFD by correcting the ion deflection with the shape of the diode gap by means of simulations.

W. Jiang; T. Sakagami; K. Masugata; K. Yatsui

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Computing plasma focus pinch current from total current measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The total current I total waveform in a plasma focus discharge is the most commonly measured quantity contrasting with the difficult measurement of I pinch . However yield laws should be scaled to focus pinch current I pinch rather than the peak I total . This paper describes how I pinch may be computed from the I total trace by fitting a computed current trace to the measured current trace using the Lee model. The method is applied to an experiment in which both the I total trace and the plasma sheath current trace were measured. The result shows good agreement between the values of computed and measured I pinch .

S. Lee; S. H. Saw; P. C. K. Lee; R. S. Rawat; H. Schmidt

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Focusing optics for a synchrotron x radiation microprobe  

SciTech Connect

We propose two constant deviation and energy-tunable fluorescent microprobe optical designs which efficiently use x rays available from ending magnets and insertion devices of synchrotron radiation sources. The simpler system consists of a cylindrically bent multilayer to focus the vertical opening angle by in-plane scattering, a fixed radius cylindrically curved multilayer which sagittally focuses the horizontal divergence, and a pinhole to further reduce the beam to microprobe dimensions. A more versatile system has a pair of flat nondispersively arranged diffracting optics followed by crossed elliptical mirrors. These nondispersive combinations can produce a fixed-exit beam. We compare the relative intensity with other optical systems.

Ice, G.E.; Sparks, C.J. Jr.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Design principle and calculations of a Scheffler fixed focus concentrator for medium temperature applications  

SciTech Connect

Scheffler fixed focus concentrators are successfully used for medium temperature applications in different parts of the world. These concentrators are taken as lateral sections of paraboloids and provide fixed focus away from the path of incident beam radiations throughout the year. The paper presents a complete description about the design principle and construction details of an 8 m{sup 2} surface area Scheffler concentrator. The first part of the paper presents the mathematical calculations to design the reflector parabola curve and reflector elliptical frame with respect to equinox (solar declination = 0) by selecting a specific lateral part of a paraboloid. Crossbar equations and their ellipses, arc lengths and their radii are also calculated to form the required lateral section of the paraboloid. Thereafter, the seasonal parabola equations are calculated for two extreme positions of summer and winter in the northern hemisphere (standing reflectors). The slopes of the parabola equations for equinox (solar declination = 0), summer (solar declination = +23.5) and winter (solar declination = -23.5) for the Scheffler reflector (8 m{sup 2} surface area) are calculated to be 0.17, 0.28, and 0.13 respectively. The y-intercepts of the parabola equations for equinox, summer and winter are calculated as 0, 0.54, and -0.53 respectively. By comparing with the equinox parabola curve, the summer parabola is found to be smaller in size and uses the top part of the parabola curve while the winter parabola is bigger in size and uses the lower part of the parabola curve to give the fixed focus. For this purpose, the reflector assembly is composed of flexible crossbars and a frame to induce the required change of the parabola curves with the changing solar declination. The paper also presents the calculation procedure of seasonal parabola equations for standing reflectors in the southern hemisphere as well as for laying reflectors in the northern and southern hemispheres. Highly reflective aluminium sheets are used on the crossbar profiles to complete the concentrator. The reflector is installed at the required site by setting its axis of rotation at an angle equal to the latitude of the site. For daily tracking, these concentrators rotate along an axis parallel to the polar axis of the earth at an angular velocity of one revolution per day with the help of simpler and cheaper self-tracking devices. For seasonal tracking, the reflector rotates at half the solar declination angle with the help of a telescopic clamp mechanism. The design procedure is simple, flexible and does not need any special computational setup, thus offering the prospect of potential application in domestic as well as industrial configurations. (author)

Munir, A.; Hensel, O. [Department of Agricultural Engineering,University of Kassel, Nordbahnhofstr. 1 a 37213 Witzenhausen (Germany); Scheffler, W. [Solar Bruecke G.v.Werdenbergstr.6 D-89344 Aislingen (Germany)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

371

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Issues in Focus  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Issues in Focus Issues in Focus Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Issues in Focus Introduction This section of the Annual Energy Outlook provides in-depth discussions of topics related to specific assumptions underlying the reference case forecast. In particular, the discussions focus on new methods or data that have led to significant changes in modeling approaches for the reference case. In addition, this section provides a more detailed examination of alternative cases. World Oil Price Cases World oil prices in AEO2005 are set in an environment where the members of OPEC are assumed to act as the dominant producers, with lower production costs than other supply regions or countries. Non-OPEC oil producers are assumed to behave competitively, producing as much oil as they can profitability extract at the market price for oil. As a result, the OPEC member countries will be able effectively to set the price of oil when they can act in concert by varying their aggregate production. Alternatively, OPEC members could target a fixed level of production and let the world market determine the price.

372

What is Counselling Psychology? Counselling psychology focuses on the emotional,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What is Counselling Psychology? Counselling psychology focuses on the emotional, social, vocational the path to becoming a counselling psychologist includes a 4-year undergraduate degree in psychology and either a Master's (MA, MSc) and/or a Doctorate (PhD) in Counselling Psychology. There is also a Special

Dukas, Reuven

373

Putting cancer in focusPathologists key to picking the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Putting cancer in focusPathologists key to picking the right path to a cure momentum IN THIS ISSUE without cancer. #12;EDITOR Heather Newman DESIGN Diana Duren DIRECTOR OF PUBLICATIONS Wayne Wood ASSOCIATE / Photo Researchers, Inc. EDITORIAL OFFICE Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center 691 Preston Building Nashville

Eichman, Brandt F.

374

Comparison of different theories for focusing through a plane interface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison of different theories for focusing through a plane interface S. H. Wiersma Department into an inhomogeneous medium. Another re- cently published study by Wiersma and Visser10 also took the Richards. It was shown indepen- dently by Wiersma and Visser10 that it is also possible to obtain the field in the second

Visser, Taco D.

375

Ultrahigh vacuum focused ion beam micromill and articles therefrom  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultrahigh vacuum focused ion beam micromilling apparatus and process are isclosed. Additionally, a durable data storage medium using the micromilling process is disclosed, the durable data storage medium capable of storing, e.g., digital or alphanumeric characters as well as graphical shapes or characters.

Lamartine, Bruce C. (Los Alamos, NM); Stutz, Roger A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Focusing of the synchroton scattered-out beam  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A means of focussing the scattered-out beam of the Birmingham Proton Synhrotron by modifying the magnetic fringing field is outlined. The beam is brought to a spot focus of about 20 sq. cm at a distance of 5 meters from the exit port and has a mean intensity of 5 103 particles per sq. cm per pulse.

H.B. Van Der Raay

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Scrap biofuels targets and focus on improved public transport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scrap biofuels targets and focus on improved public transport Friends of the Earth's biofuels campaigner Kenneth Richter argues that biofuel targets are a distraction from tried-and-tested ways to biofuel crops such as rapeseed have changed as more research has been done into their impact

378

WORKSHOP THEMES The workshop will focus on the following areas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, it is also a significant source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Global CO2 emissions from transportationWORKSHOP THEMES The workshop will focus on the following areas: a) Greenhouse Gas Emissions from related Greenhouse Gas Emissions c) Technological Solutions to Greenhouse Emissions from

379

Models of National Energy Systems -focusing on biomass energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Models of National Energy Systems - focusing on biomass energy Poul Erik Grohnheit Systems Analysis models · International development of large energy models · Biomass energy · Upstream expansion of the Pan European model for biomass and crops · Basic elements in a crop model for Denmark· Basic elements

380

Tanks Focus Area Site Needs Assessment FY 2000  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes the Tanks Focus Area (TFA's) process of collecting, analyzing, and responding to high-level radioactive tank waste science and technology needs developed from across the DOE complex in FY 2000. The document also summarizes each science and technology need, and provides an initial prioritization of TFA's projected work scope for FY 2001 and FY 2002.

Allen, Robert W.

2000-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "focuses incident insolation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Supporting Decentralized, Security focused Dynamic Virtual Organizations across the Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Supporting Decentralized, Security focused Dynamic Virtual Organizations across the Grid R and subsequently manage secure virtual organisations (VO) is one of the key challenges facing the Grid community in the education domain. We believe that this federated VO security model for fine grained access to Grid services

Kent, University of

382

Focus Series- Chicago-Energy Impact Illinois (EI2)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Focus Series - Chicago-energy Impact Illinois (EI2) - A community-based, boots-on-the-ground outreach campaign. Through a house party initiative, EI2 brought Chicago homeowners, neighbors, and friends together to learn about energy efficiency opportunities, while increasing demand for home energy assessments and upgrades.

383

A Genetic Algorithm Approach to Focused Software Usage Testing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Genetic Algorithm Approach to Focused Software Usage Testing Robert M. Patton, Annie S. Wu Orlando, FL, U.S.A. ABSTRACT Because software system testing typically consists of only a very small the test results from a limited amount of testing based on high-level usage models. It can also be very

Wu, Annie S.

384

Focus on the Marcellus Shale By Lisa Sumi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shale Gas: Focus on the Marcellus Shale By Lisa Sumi FOR THE OIL & GAS ACCOUNTABILITY PROJECT on potential oil and gas development in the Marcellus Shale formation in northeastern Pennsylvania and gas development. We hope that this report will help address many questions about the Marcellus Shale

Boyer, Elizabeth W.

385

RAPID FREE FLOW ISOELECTRIC FOCUSING VIA NOVEL ELECTRODE STRUCTURES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RAPID FREE FLOW ISOELECTRIC FOCUSING VIA NOVEL ELECTRODE STRUCTURES Jacob Albrecht, Suzanne Gaudet for micro free flow electrophoresis devices. Packed polymer beads or agar were used to isolate the sample from the electrochemical reactions at the metal electrode surface. These materials allow for applied

386

Safe and Sustainable Seafood Supply Focus Team Report 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Safe and Sustainable Seafood Supply Focus Team Report 2011 Goal 1: A sustainable supply of safe seafood to meet public demand. Ensuring a sustainable supply of safe seafood requires on small farmers, diversified fishermen/farmers and diversified traditional seafood docks. # 14203

387

Example minor programs in Environmental Engineering 1) Energy focus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; for breadth) 3 CEE 173A Energy Resources (A) 5 CEE 176A Energy Efficient Buildings (W; w/lab) 4 CEE 176B to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions (S) 3 2) Sustainability focus CEE 64 Air Pollution: Urban Smog to Global a Student Workforce for Sustainability (W) 3 CEE 142A Creating Sustainable Development (W) 3 CEE 173A Energy

Prinz, Friedrich B.

388

Cyber-Physical Energy Systems: Focus on Smart Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a deeply coupled system of energy usage, comfort and work derived. At a macroscale, buildings use approxiCyber-Physical Energy Systems: Focus on Smart Buildings Jan Kleissl Dept. of Mechanical- tributions: one, a careful examination of different types of buildings and their energy use; two

Gupta, Rajesh

389

ith America focused on energy alternatives and green living,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

W ith America focused on energy alternatives and green living, Oklahoma State University- Tulsa. His process to produce a clean, alternative energy source could significantly reduce the use of fossil it a very attractive alternative to solar energy technology. "Thermoelectric materials are so much less

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

390

Alternative pathways to fusion energy (focus on Department of Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alternative pathways to fusion energy (focus on Department of Energy Innovative Confinement for a restructured fusion energy science program [5] 1996 | FESAC: Opportunities in Alternative Confinement Concepts, suggests program for Innovative Concepts [1] 1995 | OTA TPX and the Alternates [2] 1995 | PCAST (given flat

391

Experimental Results of a Low Energy Plasma Focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the structure, motion and collapse of the current sheath (CS) in a small low pressure Plasma Focus (? 1 KJ, 0.4 to...2, 0.03 to 1.4 Torr with A). The observation of a radial component of the magnetic fie...

H. Bruzzone; R. Gratton; H. Kelly

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Plasma focus as a current switch for a capillary discharge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experiments are described in which a plasma focus is used simultaneously as an inductive store...12 A/s, and the maximum values of the switched current lie in the range 50100 kA. The technique is seen as promisi...

. Yu. Khautiev; P. S. Antsiferov; L. A. Dorokhin; K. N. Koshelev

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Measurement of megagauss magnetic fields in a plasma focus device  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnetic field associated with the dense pinch in a plasma focus device has been measured from the Zeeman splitting of the Cv, 2s-2p emission. Values of the order of 1 MG are derived, in agreement with pressure balance between the self-field due to currents in the pinch and the kinetic pressure of the plasma.

N. J. Peacock and B. A. Norton

1975-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

A compact plasma focus device and its neutron emission  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 2.2-kJ compact plasma focus device was developed and its characteristics of...7 was obtained at 15 hPa deuterium filling pressure. It was found that the neutron yieldY n is strongly correlated w...

Xinxin Wang; Min Han; Zhiwen Wang; Kun Liu

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Spectral investigations of micropinches in a plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Soft x-ray (SXR) spectroscopic structure has been investigated in a 3 kJ plasma focus deviceNIE-SSC-PFF. The focused plasma is generated by an electrical discharge in neon gas between electrodes in a Mather-type plasma focus configuration. A crystal spectrograph capable of providing spatially resolved spectrum in the pinching column direction was developed and used to study the output of the pinched plasma region. For neon plasma focus the emission is found to be mainly in the wavelength range from 8 to 14 with the helium alpha line at 13.447 and the hydrogenlike alpha line at 12.132 being the most intense features. Bright micropinches or hot spots within the plasma column were observed. The electron temperature in the spots was estimated to be ?300? eV . For lower pressure these hot spots assumed a longish shape. In the case of higher pressure point-like spots were more frequently observed.

M. H. Liu; X. Feng; S. Lee

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

FOCUS: FROM MOBILITIES TO PROTEOMES Mapping the Human Plasma Proteome  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FOCUS: FROM MOBILITIES TO PROTEOMES Mapping the Human Plasma Proteome by SCX-LC-IMS-MS Xiaoyun Liu-mass spectrometry has significantly impacted proteomic analyses of complex biological fluids such as plasma. However as a means of characterizing the complex mixture of proteins associated with the human plasma proteome

Clemmer, David E.

397

Detection of reaction products induced in plasma focus electrodes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cold Fusion experiment have been performed elsewhere using a dense plasma focus machine. It is the purpose of an oncoming study at the UI to reproduce and extend these experiments using a similar device at the University of Illinois. The Illinois facility is described as well as the technique that will be used. Extensions are suggested.

G. H. Miley; O. Barnouin; B. Temple

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Some Thoughts on Stability in Nonlinear Periodic Focusing Systems  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

A brief discussion is given of the long-term stability of particle motions through periodic focusing structures containing lumped nonlinear elements. A method is presented whereby one can specify the nonlinear elements in such a way as to generate a variety of structures in which the motion has long-term stability.

McMillan, E. M.

1967-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

399

Cleaning Membranes with Focused Ultrasound Beams for Drinking Water Treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cleaning Membranes with Focused Ultrasound Beams for Drinking Water Treatment Jian-yu Lu1 , Xi Du2 micro pollutants such as harmful organics and cannot meet the demand for high-quality drinking water. Membrane technologies are known to produce drinking water of the highest quality. However, membrane fouling

Lu, Jian-yu

400

Thermoelastic Generation of Ultrasound by Line-Focused Laser Irradiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermoelastic Generation of Ultrasound by Line-Focused Laser Irradiation Irene Arias and Jan D 60208, USA Abstract A two-dimensional theoretical model for the field generated in the thermoelas- tic for the model. Some representative results are presented to illustrate the generated field and provide insight

Huerta, Antonio

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "focuses incident insolation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Announcement Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration: Focus on Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Announcement Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration: Focus on Plant Respiration I am delighted to announce the publication, in the Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration (AIPH) series, of two books, Michael T. Madigan and Carl E. Bauer, editors, 1995); 3. Biophysical Techniques in Photosynthesis (Jan

Govindjee "Gov"

402

Plasma focus x?ray source for lithography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A bright and reliable x?ray source for lithography has been developed using plasma focus.Discharge with constant pressure gas one of the features of plasma focus makes the x?ray source system simple and lengthens lifetime. A fine ceramicinsulator made of alumina in place of a conventional Pyrex glass insulator improves system reliability. The system operates for more than 105discharges without maintenance. The lifetime of the system is ten times longer than that of a conventional plasma focusdevice. The resolution of a pattern printed by multishot exposure depends not only on the diameter of pinched plasma but also on the variation of source position. A new spherical electrode surrounding the plasma?focusing space is added to stabilize the location of the spot on the axis by eddy currents which exert the Lorentz force on the plasma. The spot position deviation has become negligibly small as compared with the pinched plasma diameter. The x?ray source size for neon is 1 mm in diameter and 10 mm in length. Consequently 0.4??m fine pattern has been printed with this source. Neon radiates intense x rays in opposite voltage polarity to that of a conventional plasma focus. Polarity inversion enables a very thin beryllium window to be located on the axis with the assistance of magnetic deflector and plasma stop. An x?ray intensity of 5 mJ/cm2/shot 25 cm from the source with an irradiance of 10 mW/cm2 at the 2?Hz repetition rate has been obtained. The plasma focus is a promising x?ray source for lithography from the viewpoint of intensity resolution and lifetime.

Yasuo Kato; Isao Ochiai; Yoshio Watanabe; Seiichi Murayama

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

An Evaluation of Departmental Radiation Oncology Incident Reports: Anticipating a National Reporting System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Purpose Systems to ensure patient safety are of critical importance. The electronic incident reporting systems (IRS) of 2 large academic radiation oncology departments were evaluated for events that may be suitable for submission to a national reporting system (NRS). Methods and Materials All events recorded in the combined IRS were evaluated from 2007 through 2010. Incidents were graded for potential severity using the validated French Nuclear Safety Authority (ASN) 5-point scale. These incidents were categorized into 7 groups: (1) human error, (2) software error, (3) hardware error, (4) error in communication between 2 humans, (5) error at the human-software interface, (6) error at the software-hardware interface, and (7) error at the human-hardware interface. Results Between the 2 systems, 4407 incidents were reported. Of these events, 1507 (34%) were considered to have the potential for clinical consequences. Of these 1507 events, 149 (10%) were rated as having a potential severity of ?2. Of these 149 events, the committee determined that 79 (53%) of these events would be submittable to a NRS of which the majority was related to human error or to the human-software interface. Conclusions A significant number of incidents were identified in this analysis. The majority of events in this study were related to human error and to the human-software interface, further supporting the need for a NRS to facilitate field-wide learning and system improvement.

Stephanie A. Terezakis; Kendra M. Harris; Eric Ford; Jeff Michalski; Theodore DeWeese; Lakshmi Santanam; Sasa Mutic; Hiram Gay

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Soft x ray/extreme ultraviolet images of the solar atmosphere with normal incidence multilayer optics  

SciTech Connect

The first high resolution Soft X-Ray/Extreme Ultraviolet (XUV) images of the Sun with normal incidence multilayer optics were obtained by the Standford/MSFC Rocket X-Ray Spectroheliograph on 23 Oct. 1987. Numerous images at selected wavelengths from 8 to 256 A were obtained simultaneously by the diverse array of telescopes flown on-board the experiment. These telescopes included single reflection normal incidence multilayer systems (Herschelian), double reflection multilayer systems (Cassegrain), a grazing incidence mirror system (Wolter-Schwarzschild), and hybrid systems using normal incidence multilayer optics in conjunction with the grazing incidence primary (Wolter-Cassegrain). Filters comprised of approximately 1700{Angstrom} thick aluminum supported on a nickel mesh were used to transmit the soft x ray/EUV radiation while preventing the intense visible light emission of the Sun from fogging the sensitive experimental T-grain photographic emulsions. These systems yielded high resolution soft x ray/EUV images of the solar corona and transition region, which reveal magnetically confined loops of hot solar plasma, coronal plumes, polar coronal holes, supergranulation, and features associated with overlying cool prominences. The development, testing, and operation of the experiments, and the results from the flight are described. The development of a second generation experiment, the Multi-Spectral Solar Telescope Array, which is scheduled to fly in the summer of 1990, and a recently approved Space Station experiment, the Ultra-High Resolution XUV Spectroheliograph, which is scheduled to fly in 1996 are also described.

Lindblom, J.F.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

The 2004 Ultrasonic Benchmark Problem - SDH Response Under Oblique Incidence: Measurements and Patch Element Model Calculations  

SciTech Connect

The 2004 ultrasonic benchmark problem requires models to predict, given a reference pulse waveform, the pulse echo response of cylindrical voids of various radii located in an elastic solid for various incidence angles of a transducer immersed in water. We present the results of calculations based on the patch element model, recently developed at CNDE, to determine the response of an SDH in aluminum for specific oblique incidence angles. Patch element model calculations for a scan across the SDH, involving a range of oblique incidence angles, are also presented. Measured pulse-echo scans involving the SDH response under oblique incidence conditions are reported. In addition, through transmission measurements involving a pinducer as a receiver and an immersion planar probe as a transmitter under oblique incidence conditions are also reported in a defect-free Aluminum block. These pinducer-based measurements on a defect-free block are utilised to characterize the fields at the chosen depth. Comparisons are made between predictions and measurements for the pulse-echo response of a SDH.

Krishnamurthy, C. V.; Shankar, M.; Vardhan, J. Vishnu [Centre for NonDestructive Evaluation, Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai, India 600 036 (India); Balasubramaniam, Krishnan [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai, India 600 036 (India)

2006-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

406

HSS Focus Group Training Work Group Meeting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Training Work Group Meeting Training Work Group Meeting HSS Focus Group Training Work Group Meeting Meeting Dates: July 10 - 11 The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) Focus Group Training Work Group met at the DOE National Training Center (NTC) inAlbuquerque, NM on Tuesday, July 10 and Wednesday, July 11, 2012. The meeting was chaired by the Work Group co-chairs, Karen Boardman (HSS/NTC),Pete Stafford (AFL-CIO BCTD/CPWR), and Julie Johnston (EFCOG). Attachment 1 is the Meeting Agenda; Attachment 2 is a list of meeting attendees; and Attachment3 is the proposed Radworker Training Reciprocity Program. Meeting Agenda Meeting Summary Draft RAD Worker Training Reciprocity Program for Work Group v.1 Draft Radiation Worker Portability Validation Meeting Attendees

407

International Working Group Meeting Focuses on Nuclear Power Infrastructure  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Needs Needs International Working Group Meeting Focuses on Nuclear Power Infrastructure Development and Needs June 2, 2010 - 12:02pm Addthis VIENNA, Austria - The multi-nation Infrastructure Development Working Group (IDWG) of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) held its sixth meeting on May 26-27, 2010, in Vienna, Austria. The two-day event included workshops on nuclear energy regulatory agency engagement and the infrastructure needs for international nuclear fuel service frameworks. Officials from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the U.K. Nuclear Decommissioning Authority co-chaired the working group meeting. "As a key component of the international Global Nuclear Energy Partnership program, the Infrastructure Development Working Group focuses

408

Linear Collider Final Focus Magnet Construction | Superconducting Magnet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Two Layer Quadrupole Shielding Coil Two Layer Quadrupole Shielding Coil Near the interaction region if the ILC, the exit beam by design, is very close to the final focus quads, and is sensitive to the external field of the quads. To eliminate this effect and prevent disruption of the exiting beams, a two layer shielding quadrupole has been designed and wound. For simplicity as well as efficiency, the transfer function of this coilset has been designed to allow series connection of the focus quad with this outer shield coilset. The completed magnet will be finished with G-10 fillers, voltage taps and heaters will be added, blue epoxy filling for all interstitial spaces, and then the magnet will be wrapped with glass cloth and fiberglass roving, then cured. Once cured, this magnet will be capable of full power operation

409

A Sustainable Focus for Laboratory Design, Engineerign, and Operation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sustainable Focus for Laboratory Sustainable Focus for Laboratory Design, Engineering, and Operation Federal Utilities Partnership May 23, 2013 Dale Sartor, P.E., Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (For Beth Shearer, I2SL Board of Directors) AGENDA * Labs 21 and the International Institute for Sustainable Laboratories (I 2 SL) * Recent partnership changes * New initiatives * Energy efficiency opportunities * Laboratories and High-Tech facilities third party financing and DSM programs Laboratories for the 21 st Century (Labs21 ® ) - I 2 SL Partnership * Dedicated to improving the environmental performance of U.S. laboratories * Supporting the mission of Labs21 * Established in 1999, Labs21 program includes - Over 5,000 members of the Labs21 Network * Annual conference and workshops * I

410

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - - Issues in Focus -  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Nuclear Power Plant Construction Costs Nuclear Power Plant Construction Costs Issues In Focus. Nuclear Power Plant Construction Costs With the improved performance of the 104 operating U.S. nuclear power plants, increases in fossil fuel prices, and concerns about global warming, interest in building new nuclear power plants has increased. Because no nuclear plants have been ordered in the United States in nearly three decades, the costs of a new plant are uncertain. To assess the economics of building new nuclear power plants, EIA conducted a series of workshops and seminars focusing on key factors that affect the economics of nuclear power—primarily, the cost of building power plants and the financial risks of constructing and operating them. History of Nuclear Power Construction Costs

411

Nuclear Materials Focus Area Fiscal Year 2002 Mid Year Review  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Materials Focus Area (NMFA) held its annual mid-year review on February 12 and 14, 2002, in Santa Fe, New Mexico. The purpose of this review was to examine both the technical aspects and the programmatic aspects of its technology development program. The focus area activities were reviewed by a panel consisting of personnel representing the end users of the technologies, and technical experts in nuclear materials. This year's review was somewhat different than in the past, as the stress was on how well the various projects being managed through the NMFA aligned with the two thrust areas and nine key goals and priorities recently issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for DOE's Office of Environmental Management (EM).

Thiel, E.C.; Fuhrman, P.W.

2002-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

412

Nuclear Materials Focus Area Fiscal Year 2002 Mid Year Review  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Materials Focus Area (NMFA) held its annual mid-year review on February 12 and 14, 2002, in Santa Fe, New Mexico. The purpose of this review was to examine both the technical aspects and the programmatic aspects of its technology development program. The focus area activities were reviewed by a panel consisting of personnel representing the end users of the technologies, and technical experts in nuclear materials. This year's review was somewhat different than in the past, as the stress was on how well the various projects being managed through the NMFA aligned with the two thrust areas and nine key goals and priorities recently issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for DOE's Office of Environmental Management (EM).

Thiel, Elizabeth Chilcote

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

A macroscopic model for focused?ion?beam?induced deposition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A time?dependent model for focused?ion?beam?induced deposition is presented which explicitly takes the scanning strategy of the beam during deposition into account. The model differentiates between the contribution of the beam center and that of the beam wings and contains all major experimental variables such as current density focus size scan speed and frame time. The deposition rate has been measured for tungsten as a function of the major experimental variables. The model has been fitted to these data and is found to describe the various dependences very well. By use of the model inclusive of the parameters obtained from the fit we can predict optimum deposition conditions. Furthermore the model clarifies effects observed during deposition on the structuredsurface of an integrated circuit such as redeposition of sputtered material and poor step coverage due to an impeded gas flow.

M. H. F. Overwijk; F. C. van den Heuvel

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Nondestructive millimeter wave imaging and spectroscopy using dielectric focusing probes  

SciTech Connect

A tool for interrogating objects over a wide band of frequencies with subwavelength resolution at small standoff distances (near field region) in the transmission mode using a single source and detector measurement setup in the millimeter wave band is presented. The design utilizes optics like principles for guiding electromagnetic millimeter waves from large cross-sectional areas to considerably smaller sub-wavelength areas. While plano-convex lenses can be used to focus waves to a fine resolution, they usually require a large stand-off distance thus resulting in alignment and spacing issues. The design procedure and simulation analysis of the focusing probes are presented in this study along with experimental verification of performance and imaging and spectroscopy examples. Nondestructive evaluation will find benefit from such an apparatus including biological tissue imaging, electronic package integrity testing, composite dielectric structure evaluation for defects and microfluidic sensing.

Hejase, Jose A.; Shane, Steven S.; Park, Kyoung Y.; Chahal, Premjeet [Terahertz Systems Laboratory (TeSLa) - Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48823 (United States)

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

415

Pitch-angle scattering of energetic particles with adiabatic focusing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding turbulent transport of charged particles in magnetized plasmas often requires a model for the description of random variations in the particle's pitch angle. The Fokker-Planck coefficient of pitch-angle scattering, which is used to describe scattering parallel to the mean magnetic field, is therefore of central importance. Whereas quasi-linear theory assumes a homogeneous mean magnetic field, such a condition is often not fulfilled, especially for high-energy particles. Here, a new derivation of the quasi-linear approach is given that is based on the unperturbed orbit found for an adiabatically focused mean magnetic field. The results show that, depending on the ratio of the focusing length and the particle's Larmor radius, the Fokker-Planck coefficient is significantly modified but agrees with the classical expression in the limit of a homogeneous mean magnetic field.

Tautz, R C; Dosch, A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Focused shock spark discharge drill using multiple electrodes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A spark discharge focused drill provided with one pulse forming line or a number of pulse forming lines. The pulse forming line is connected to an array of electrodes which would form a spark array. One of the electrodes of each of the array is connected to the high voltage side of the pulse forming line and the other electrodes are at ground potential. When discharged in a liquid, these electrodes produce intense focused shock waves that can pulverize or fracture rock. By delaying the firing of each group of electrodes, the drill can be steered within the earth. Power can be fed to the pulse forming line either downhole or from the surface area. A high voltage source, such as a Marx generator, is suitable for pulse charging the lines.

Moeny, William M. (Albuquerque, NM); Small, James G. (Albuquerque, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Focusing Kinoform Lenses: Optical Design and Experimental Validation  

SciTech Connect

X-ray focusing lenses with a kinoform profile are high brilliance optics that can produce nano-sized beams on 3rd generation synchrotron beamlines. The lenses are fabricated with sidewalls of micrometer lateral size. They are virtually non-absorbing and therefore can deliver a high flux over a good aperture. We are developing silicon and germanium lenses that will focus hard x-ray beams to less than 0.5 {mu}m size using a single refractive element. In this contribution, we present preliminary optical design and experimental test carried out on ID06 ESRF: the lenses were used to image directly the undulator source, providing a beam with fwhm of about 0.7 {mu}m.

Alianelli, Lucia; Sawhney, Kawal J. S. [Diamond Light Source Ltd, Didcot OX11 0DE (United Kingdom); Snigireva, Irina; Snigirev, Anatoly [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, BP 220 38043 Grenoble Cedex (France)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

418

Production of Fast Neutron With Plasma Focus Device  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Before its demise DIANA Hi-TECH, LLC, demonstrated the use of two 50 kJoule Plasma Focus devices for the copius production of fast neutrons, x-rays and radio-isotopes. Such a device is suitable for fast neutron non invasive interogation of contra-band materials including hidden nuclear materials. It could be particularly useful for a fast and fail safe interogation of large cargo containers, or in merchant marine port of entries. The performance and fast neutron production (2.5 or 14 MeV at 10^11 or 10^13 neutrons per pulse, respectively) of the two PF50 Plasma Focus devices produced by DIANA HiTECH, LLC, are discussed.

Moshe Gai

2006-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

419

Production of Fast Neutron With Plasma Focus Device  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Before its demise DIANA Hi-TECH, LLC, demonstrated the use of two 50 kJoule Plasma Focus devices for the copius production of fast neutrons, x-rays and radio-isotopes. Such a device is suitable for fast neutron non invasive interogation of contra-band materials including hidden nuclear materials. It could be particularly useful for a fast and fail safe interogation of large cargo containers, or in merchant marine port of entries. The performance and fast neutron production (2.5 or 14 MeV at 10^11 or 10^13 neutrons per pulse, respectively) of the two PF50 Plasma Focus devices produced by DIANA HiTECH, LLC, are discussed.

Gai, M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

In-line electron holography with an atomic focuser source  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The resolution that may be achieved in an image formed by reconstruction from an in-line electron hologram, without aberration correction, is governed by the source size. Computer simulations show that ultrahigh resolution, of better than 0.05 nm for 100 keV electrons, may be possible if the electron source is a crossover formed at the exit face of a thin atomic-focuser crystal when electrons from a beam focused in a scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM) instrument are channeled along a line of atoms through the crystal. Simulations also show that, because of the channeling effect, the resolution of the reconstructed image is not degraded by translations or oscillations of the STEM beam by 0.1 nm or more. We suggest a scheme for removing the unwanted background and conjugate image from the reconstructed image by combining the in-line holography with an off-axis mode.

V. V. Smirnov and J. M. Cowley

2002-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "focuses incident insolation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Focused Safety Management Evaluation of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 Oak Ridge National Laboratory Focused Safety Management Evaluation of the Office of Environment, Safety and Health Oversight Environment, Safety and Health Integrated Safety Management ISM OVERSIGHT Table of Contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY........................................................................................ 1 1.0 INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................... 5 2.0 INTEGRATED SAFETY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM................................... 9 2.1 Line Management Responsibility for Safety ......................................10 2.2 Clear Roles, Responsibilities, and Authorities .................................14 2.3 Competence Commensurate With Responsibilities .........................17

422

Emergency Management Focused Program Review at Argonne National Laboratory - West  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Argonne National Argonne National Laboratory - West W Emergency Management Focused Program Review at Office of Independent Oversight and Performance Assurance May 2001 OVERSIGHT Table of Contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ................................................................ 1 1.0 INTRODUCTION ....................................................................... 4 2.0 RESULTS ..................................................................................... 6 Hazards Assessment .................................................................... 6 Emergency Management Programmatic Interfaces ................... 9 3.0 CONCLUSIONS AND RATINGS ............................................. 14 4.0 OPPORTUNITIES FOR IMPROVEMENT ............................ 15 APPENDIX A - EVALUATION PROCESS AND

423

Temporal evolution of ion energy in a plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For the first time the temporal structure of ion energy in a plasma focus is revealed using a time?resolving Thomson spectrometer. The velocities and arrival times of ions are determined from the spectrogram. The resulting distribution of ions in velocitytime space at the source is found to be a line distribution as if the ions were accelerated in a diode by a pulsed voltage.

M. J. Rhee; D. J. Weidman

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Multiple Compressions in the Middle Energy Plasma Focus Device  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports some of the results that are aimed to investigate the neutron emission from the middle energy Mather?type plasma focus. These results indicated that with increase the pressure compression time is increase but there is not any direct relation between the compression time and neutron yield. Also it seems that multiple compression regimes is occurred in low pressure and single compression is appeared at higher pressure where is the favorable to neutron production.

H. R. Yousefi; Y. Ejiri; H. Ito; K. Masugata

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Some Thoughts on Stability in Nonlinear Periodic Focusing Systems [Addendum  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Addendum to September 5, 1967 report with the same title and with the abstract: A brief discussion is given of the long-term stability of particle motions through periodic focusing structures containing lumped nonlinear elements. A method is presented whereby one can specify the nonlinear elements in such a way as to generate a variety of structures in which the motion has long-term stability.

McMillan, Edwin M.

1968-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

426

Focusing of geodesic congruences in an accelerated expanding Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the accelerated expansion of the Universe through its consequences on a congruence of geodesics. We make use of the Raychaudhuri equation which describes the evolution of the expansion rate for a congruence of timelike or null geodesics. In particular, we focus on the space-time geometry contribution to this equation. By straightforward calculation from the metric of a Robertson-Walker cosmological model, it follows that in an accelerated expanding Universe the space-time contribution to the Raychaudhuri equation is positive for the fundamental congruence, favoring a non-focusing of the congruence of geodesics. However, the accelerated expansion of the present Universe does not imply a tendency of the fundamental congruence to diverge. It is shown that this is in fact the case for certain congruences of timelike geodesics without vorticity. Therefore, the focusing of geodesics remains feasible in an accelerated expanding Universe. Furthermore, a negative contribution to the Raychaudhuri equation from space-time geometry which is usually interpreted as the manifestation of the attractive character of gravity is restored in an accelerated expanding Robertson-Walker space-time at high speeds.

F. D. Albareti; J. A. R. Cembranos; A. de la Cruz-Dombriz

2013-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

427

The focusing properties of the positron-capture solenoidal lens  

SciTech Connect

This note concerns the focusing properties of the positron-capture solenoid. Such a solenoid will be placed before the entrance of the 450 MeV positron linear-accelerator injector in the APS. The 1.25 A, 40 ns electron beam is accelerated in the 200 MeV electron linac. This beam is then focused onto a 3 mm diameter spot at the 7 mm thick tungsten target. By the process of multiple nuclear-scattering the target generates the positron particles. These positrons, in general, can have a large diverging angle. In order to capture these rapidly diverging positrons, a relatively strong focusing lens is placed close to the converter. In this case a magnetic solenoidal lens has an advantage over the usual quadrupole lens because of its larger phase-space acceptance. In particular, the solenoidal lens is noted for its capability of controlling the spin direction of polarized ions. The authors first wrote down the expression for the magnetic field distribution on the axis for the solenoidal lens. From this expression they derive the expressions for the first- and second-order field distributions at any point in the region. They then calculate and compare the focal powers at various distances off the axis. Further, they calculate and include the third- and fourth-order components of the fields and compare them with the previous results. Finally, they briefly consider the particle trajectories through these fields and present the result in terms of the particle motion in phase space.

Yoon, M.; Mavrogenes, G.

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Radioactive Tank Waste Remediation Focus Area. Technology summary  

SciTech Connect

In February 1991, DOE`s Office of Technology Development created the Underground Storage Tank Integrated Demonstration (UST-ID), to develop technologies for tank remediation. Tank remediation across the DOE Complex has been driven by Federal Facility Compliance Agreements with individual sites. In 1994, the DOE Office of Environmental Management created the High Level Waste Tank Remediation Focus Area (TFA; of which UST-ID is now a part) to better integrate and coordinate tank waste remediation technology development efforts. The mission of both organizations is the same: to focus the development, testing, and evaluation of remediation technologies within a system architecture to characterize, retrieve, treat, concentrate, and dispose of radioactive waste stored in USTs at DOE facilities. The ultimate goal is to provide safe and cost-effective solutions that are acceptable to both the public and regulators. The TFA has focused on four DOE locations: the Hanford Site in Richland, Washington, the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) near Idaho Falls, Idaho, the Oak Ridge Reservation in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and the Savannah River Site (SRS) in Aiken, South Carolina.

NONE

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Focusing of geodesic congruences in an accelerated expanding Universe  

SciTech Connect

We study the accelerated expansion of the Universe through its consequences on a congruence of geodesics. We make use of the Raychaudhuri equation which describes the evolution of the expansion rate for a congruence of timelike or null geodesics. In particular, we focus on the space-time geometry contribution to this equation. By straightforward calculation from the metric of a Robertson-Walker cosmological model, it follows that in an accelerated expanding Universe the space-time contribution to the Raychaudhuri equation is positive for the fundamental congruence, favoring a non-focusing of the congruence of geodesics. However, the accelerated expansion of the present Universe does not imply a tendency of the fundamental congruence to diverge. It is shown that this is in fact the case for certain congruences of timelike geodesics without vorticity. Therefore, the focusing of geodesics remains feasible in an accelerated expanding Universe. Furthermore, a negative contribution to the Raychaudhuri equation from space-time geometry which is usually interpreted as the manifestation of the attractive character of gravity is restored in an accelerated expanding Robertson-Walker space-time at high speeds.

Albareti, F.D.; Cembranos, J.A.R. [Departamento de Fsica Terica I, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria, E-28040 Madrid (Spain); Cruz-Dombriz, A. de la, E-mail: fdalbareti@estumail.ucm.es, E-mail: cembra@fis.ucm.es, E-mail: alvaro.delacruz-dombriz@uct.ac.za [Astrophysics, Cosmology and Gravity Centre (ACGC), University of Cape Town, 7701 Rondebosch, Cape Town (South Africa)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Nitridation of zirconium using energetic ions from plasma focus device  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The nitridation of zirconium disks is achieved by irradiating energetic nitrogen ions from 2.3kJ plasma focus device using multiple focus deposition shots (10, 20, 30 and 40) at different angular positions with respect to the anode axis. The X-ray diffraction analysis reveals the evolution of ZrN, Zr2N and Zr3N4 phases of zirconium nitride depending upon the ion energy flux and angular positions. The crystallite size of ZrN and Zr2N phases increases by increasing the number of focus deposition shots. The residual stresses estimated for Zr (101), ZrN (111) and ZrN (200) phases are maximum in the nitrided surfaces at lower nitrogen ion dose, decreases as the nitrogen ion dose increases. The field emission scanning electron microscopy results exhibit the uniform and smooth film of zirconium nitride with granular surface morphology at 10 angular position. The energy dispersive X-rays spectroscopy data indicate that nitrogen content in the film is improved for higher nitrogen ion dose while reduced at larger angular positions. The Vickers microhardness of the film is enhanced up to 400%. The microhardness increases by increasing the nitrogen ion dose and decreases rapidly by increasing the angular position.

I.A. Khan; M. Hassan; R. Ahmad; A. Qayyum; G. Murtaza; M. Zakaullah; R.S. Rawat

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

A Very Small Plasma Focus Operating at Tens of Joules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A very small plasma focus device has been designed and set?up. The plasma focus operates in the limit of low energy (160nF capacitor bank 65nH 2540kV ? 32100J). The design of the electrode was assisted by a simple model of a Mather plasma focus. A neutron yield of 104 105 is expected from discharges in deuterium. Experiments in H2 have been performed at pressures from 0.1 to 2 mbar. The diagnostics used in the experiments include current derivative voltage monitor and plasma image using a ICCD camera gated at 5 ns. The umbrella?like current sheath running over the end of the coaxial electrodes and the pinch after the radial collapse can be clearly observed in the photographs. The velocity of the radial collapse is of the order of 105 m/s. The observations are similar to the results obtained with devices of much higher energies.

Leopoldo Soto; Patricio Silva; Jos Moreno; Alejandro Clausse; Walter Kies

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Application of an impedance matching transformer to a plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A plasma focus was constructed using an impedance matching transformer to improve power transfer between the pulse power and the dynamic plasma load. The system relied on two switches and twelve transformer cores to produce a 100 kA pulse in short circuit on the secondary at 27 kV on the primary with 110 J stored. With the two transformer systems in parallel the Thevenin equivalent circuit parameters on the secondary side of the driver are: C = 10.9 ?F V0 = 4.5 kV L = 17 nH and R = 5 m?. An equivalent direct drive circuit would require a large number of switches in parallel to achieve the same Thevenin equivalent. The benefits of this approach are replacement of consumable switches with non-consumable transformer cores reduction of the driver inductance and resistance as viewed by the dynamic load and reduction of the stored energy to produce a given peak current. The system is designed to operate at 100 Hz so minimizing the stored energy results in less load on the thermal management system. When operated at 1 Hz the neutron yield from the transformer matched plasma focus was similar to the neutron yield from a conventional (directly driven) plasma focus at the same peak current.

B. L. Bures; C. James; M. Krishnan; R. Adler

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Soft x-ray yield from NX2 plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Lee model code is used to compute neon soft x-ray yield Y sxr for the NX2 plasma focus as a function of pressure. Comparison with measured Y sxr shows reasonable agreement in the Y sxr versus pressure curve the absolute maximum yield as well as the optimum pressure. This gives confidence that the code gives a good representation of the neon plasma focus in terms of gross properties including speeds and trajectories and soft x-ray yields despite its lack of modeling localized regions of higher densities and temperatures. Computed current curves versus pressure are presented and discussed particularly in terms of the dynamic resistance of the axial phase. Computed gross properties of the plasma focus including peak discharge current I peak pinch current I pinch minimum pinch radius r min plasma density at the middle duration of pinch n pinch and plasma temperature at middle duration of pinch T pinch are presented and the trends in variation of these are discussed to explain the peaking of Y sxr at optimum pressure.

S. Lee; R. S. Rawat; P. Lee; S. H. Saw

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Follow-up Audit of the Department's Cyber Security Incident Management Program, IG-0878  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department's Department's Cyber Security Incident Management Program DOE/IG-0878 December 2012 U.S. Department of Energy Office of Inspector General Office of Audits & Inspections Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 December 11, 2012 MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY FROM: Gregory H. Friedman Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Audit Report on "Follow-up Audit of the Department's Cyber Security Incident Management Program" INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE The Department of Energy operates numerous networks and systems to help accomplish its strategic missions in the areas of energy, defense, science and the environment. The systems are frequently subjected to sophisticated cyber attacks that could impact the Department's

435

How can a particle absorb more than the light incident on it?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A particle can indeed absorb more than the light incident on it. Metallic particles at ultraviolet frequencies are one class of such particles and insulating particles at infrared frequencies are another. In the former strong absorption is associated with excitation of surface plasmons; in the latter it is associated with excitation of surfacephonons. In both instances the target area a particle presents to incident light can be much greater than its geometrical cross?sectional area. This is strikingly evident from the field lines of the Poynting vector in the vicinity of a small sphere illuminated by a plane wave.

Craig F. Bohren

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Effect of depolarization on temporal coherence within a focused supercontinuum  

SciTech Connect

Under the conditions of vectorial diffraction, an increase in refraction at the extremities of the lens rotates the incident polarization state which transfers energy from the initial state to the orthogonal transverse field and the longitudinal field, which is known as depolarization. Since the field is a vectorial field containing three polarization components, the theory for the degree of coherence is first extended to incorporate cross-correlation effects within these vectorial components which are calculated through a coherency matrix. The use of this matrix provides an insight into interesting correlation effects between copropagating vectorial fields such as the coupled modes (linear polarized modes) of the supercontinuum generated by a photonic crystal fiber. An investigation is presented on the coherence times for the supercontinuum field generated by cross coupling into the photonic crystal fiber. The coherence times under cross-coupling conditions show that the degree of coherence of the two coupled modes from the fiber are different, which is due to the differences in phase. For a supercontinuum with a linear polarization state, the coherence times along the x, y, and z axes are different, with the most significant change occurring along the optical axis (z) where the coherence time changes by an order of magnitude when the numerical aperture is increased from 0.1 to 1.

Chick, Brendan J.; Chon, James W. M.; Gu Min [Centre for Micro-Photonics, Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Post Office Box 218, Hawthorn 3122, Victoria (Australia)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

437

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: "Focus Series" Interviews  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

"Focus Series" "Focus Series" Interviews to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: "Focus Series" Interviews on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: "Focus Series" Interviews on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: "Focus Series" Interviews on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: "Focus Series" Interviews on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: "Focus Series" Interviews on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: "Focus Series" Interviews on AddThis.com... Better Buildings Residential Network Progress Stories Interviews Videos Events "Focus Series" Interviews In December 2012, the Better Buildings Neighborhood Program launched the

438

Post-glacial redistribution and shifts in productivity of giant kelp forests  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Beach, California to the US-Mexico border (32.5 N to 33.6...Robertson 1985) and incident solar irradiance. High-frequency...direct relationship between solar insolation and kelp productivity...the peak in late Quaternary solar insolation at 30 (figure-3...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Industries in focus | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ENERGY STAR Energy Performance Indicators for plants ENERGY STAR Energy Performance Indicators for plants » Industries in focus Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In this section Get started with ENERGY STAR Make the business case Build an energy management program Measure, track, and benchmark Tools for benchmarking energy management practices Tools for tracking and benchmarking facility energy performance

440

Small plasma focus as neutron pulsed source for nuclides identification  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we present preliminary results on the feasibility of employing a low energy (2 kJ, 31 kV) plasma focus device as a portable source of pulsed neutron beams (2.45 MeV) generated by nuclear fusion reactions D-D, for the in situ analysis of substances by nuclear activation. This source has the relevant advantage of being pulsed at requirement, transportable, not permanently radioactive, without radioactive waste, cheap, among others. We prove the feasibility of using this source showing several spectra of the characteristic emission line for manganese, gold, lead, and silver.

Milanese, M.; Moroso, R.; Barbaglia, M. [Centro de Investigaciones en Fsica e Ingeniera del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires (CONICET-UNCPBA), Pinto 399, Tandil 7000, Buenos Aires (Argentina) [Centro de Investigaciones en Fsica e Ingeniera del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires (CONICET-UNCPBA), Pinto 399, Tandil 7000, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Universidad del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires (CONICET-UNCPBA), Pinto 399, Tandil 7000, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Niedbalski, J. [CONICET(Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientficas y Tcnicas), Rivadavia 1917, Buenos Aires (Argentina)] [CONICET(Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientficas y Tcnicas), Rivadavia 1917, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Mayer, R. [CNEA (Comisin Nacional de Energa Atmica), Av. Bustillo 9500, San Carlos de Bariloche, Rio Negro (Argentina)] [CNEA (Comisin Nacional de Energa Atmica), Av. Bustillo 9500, San Carlos de Bariloche, Rio Negro (Argentina); Castillo, F. [UNAM (Universidad Nacional Autnoma de Mxico)Circuito Exterior s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, Delg. Coyoacn, P.O. Box 70-543, Mxico DF (Mexico)] [UNAM (Universidad Nacional Autnoma de Mxico)Circuito Exterior s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, Delg. Coyoacn, P.O. Box 70-543, Mxico DF (Mexico); Guichn, S. [Universidad del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires (CONICET-UNCPBA), Pinto 399, Tandil 7000, Buenos Aires (Argentina)] [Universidad del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires (CONICET-UNCPBA), Pinto 399, Tandil 7000, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "focuses incident insolation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Tanks focus area multiyear program plan - FY96-FY98  

SciTech Connect

The Tanks Focus Area (TFA) Multiyear Program Plan (MYPP) presents the recommended TFA technical program. The recommendation covers a 3-year funding outlook (FY96-FY98), with an emphasis on FY96 and FY97. In addition to defining the recommended program, this document also describes the processes used to develop the program, the implementation strategy for the program, the references used to write this report, data on the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) tank site baselines, details on baseline assumptions and the technical elements, and a glossary.

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Mask locations in the SLC final focus region  

SciTech Connect

The location of four sets of masks needed to shield against background in the final focus region of the SLC is shown. The main point of this note is to update the results of Miller and Sens taking into account the recent changes that have been made in the optics of the SLC beams. For the latest beam design we use the TRANSPORT output dated 5-13-83. This design assumes that the final bends will form an S about the interaction point and that the final quadrupoles will be superconducting and will be placed about 8 feet from the interaction point.

Cence, R.J.

1983-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

443

#WomenInSTEM: A Physicist Focuses on Scientific Advancement  

SciTech Connect

Dr. Capece first became interested in science after learning about NASA's Voyager missions at an early age. In this video, Dr. Capece provides advice for women and girls interested in pursuing careers in STEM fields, like focusing on physics, biology and chemistry at the high school level. This video is part of the Energy Department's #WomenInSTEM video series. At the Energy Department, we're committed to supporting a diverse talent pool of STEM innovators ready to address the challenges and opportunities of our growing clean energy economy.

Capece, Angela

2014-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

444

Tanks Focus Area site needs assessment FY 2000  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the process used by the Tanks Focus Area (TFA) to analyze and develop responses to technology needs submitted by five major U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sites with radioactive tank waste problems, and the initial results of the analysis. The sites are the Hanford Site, Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL), Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR), Savannah River Site (SRS), and West Valley Demonstration Project (WVDP). During the past year, the TFA established a link with DOE's Fernald site to exchange, on a continuing basis, mutually beneficial technical information and assistance.

RW Allen

2000-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

445

International prospects for clean coal technologies (Focus on Asia)  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to propose Asia as a focus market for commercialization of CCT`s; describe the principles for successful penetration of CCT`s in the international market; and summarize prospects for CCT`s in Asia and other international markets. The paper outlines the following: Southern Company`s clean coal commitment; acquisition of Consolidated Electric Power Asia (CEPA); the prospects for CCT`s internationally; requirements for CCT`s widespread commercialization; CEPA`s application of CCT`s; and gas turbine power plants as a perfect example of a commercialization driver.

Gallaspy, D.T. [Southern Energy, Inc., Atlanta, GA (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

446

Small plasma focus as neutron pulsed source for nuclides identification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we present preliminary results on the feasibility of employing a low energy (2 kJ 31 kV) plasma focus device as a portable source of pulsed neutron beams (2.45 MeV) generated by nuclear fusion reactions D-D for the in situ analysis of substances by nuclear activation. This source has the relevant advantage of being pulsed at requirement transportable not permanently radioactive without radioactive waste cheap among others. We prove the feasibility of using this source showing several spectra of the characteristic emission line for manganese gold lead and silver.

M. Milanese; J. Niedbalski; R. Moroso; M. Barbaglia; R. Mayer; F. Castillo; S. Guichn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Comparative Characteristics of Four Small Dense Plasma Focus Devices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Four small (in the energy range 27 kJ) dense plasma focus devices were elaborated and put into operation in the last several years: ING?103 DPF?10 PF?5M and DPF?6. Each device has its own parameters (energy current rise?time and magnitude pulse duration of ionizing radiation of different types weight etc.) and together with the specific discharge chambers they are optimized for various applications. Comparative description of functioning parameters of these devices together with the results of the most successful applications is presented in the report.

A. V. Dubrovsky; V. A. Gribkov; V. N. Pimenov; M. Scholz

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Experimental evidence of thermonuclear neutrons in a modified plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The PF-1000 plasma focus was modified by adding the cathode disk 3 cm in front of the anode. This modification facilitated the evaluation of neutron energy spectra. Two neutron pulses were distinguishable. As regards the first neutron pulse it lasted 40 ns during the plasma stagnation and it demonstrated high isotropy of neutron emission. A peak neutronenergydetected upstream was 2.46 0.02 ? MeV . The full width of neutron energy spectra of 90 20 ? keV enabled to calculate an ion temperature of 1.2 keV. These parameters and a neutron yield of 10 9 corresponded to theoretical predictions for thermonuclear neutrons.

D. Klir; P. Kubes; M. Paduch; T. Pisarczyk; T. Chodukowski; M. Scholz; Z. Kalinowska; E. Zielinska; B. Bienkowska; J. Hitschfel; S. Jednorog; L. Karpinski; J. Kortanek; J. Kravarik; K. Rezac; I. Ivanova-Stanik; K. Tomaszewski

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Backward high energy ion beams from plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High energyneutrons more than 2.45 MeV from deuteron-deuteron fusion reaction have been measured in backward direction of plasma focusdevices in many laboratories. However the experimental evidence for high energy deuterons responsible for such neutrons has not been reported so far. In this brief communication backward high energy deuteron beam from NX2 plasma focus [M. V. Roshan et al. Phys. Lett. A373 851 (2009)] is reported which was measured with a direct and unambiguous technique of nuclear activation. The relevant nuclear reaction for the target activation is C 12 ( d n ) N 13 which has a deuteron threshold energy of 328 keV.

M. V. Roshan; P. Lee; S. Lee; A. Talebitaher; R. S. Rawat; S. V. Springham

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

High contrast radiography using a small dense plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Radiographs are obtained with a small ( 4.6 kJ ) dense plasma focus machine using the x-rays which cross a 300 ? m aluminum window on the axis. Contrast is improved by inserting an iron needle on the tip of the electrode. Measurements with TLD-100 dosimeters have shown the average dose to increase from 0.077 0.006 mGy /shot when a hollow cathode is used to 0.11 0.01 mGy /shot with the needle. The spectrum is estimated using aluminum filters and the effective equivalent energy is found to be in the range of 20 25 keV .

F. Castillo; I. Gamboa-deBuen; J. J. E. Herrera; J. Rangel; S. Villalobos

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Focused two-dimensional antiscatter grid for mammography.  

SciTech Connect

We are developing freestanding high-aspect-ratio, focused, two-dimensional antiscatter grids for mammography using deep x-ray lithography and copper electroforming. The exposure is performed using x-rays from bending magnet beamline 2-BM at the Advanced Photon Source (APS) of Argonne National Laboratory. A 2.8-mm-thick prototype freestanding copper antiscatter grid with 25 {micro}m-wide parallel cell walls and 550 {micro}m periodicity has been fabricated. The progress in developing a dynamic double-exposure technique to create the grid with the cell walls aligned to a point x-ray source of the mammography system is discussed.

Makarova, O. V.; Moldovan, N.; Tang, C.-M.; Mancini, D. C.; Divan, R.; Zyryanov, V. N.; Ryding, D. C.; Yaeger, J.; Liu, C.; Creatv MicroTech Inc.

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Ultraviolet Radiation and Incidence of Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma among Hispanics in the United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Conn. Med., 60: 579-582, 1996. 2 Cartwright R., McNally R., Staines A. The increasing incidence of non-Hodgkins...Hartge P., Devesa S. S., Grauman D., Fears T. R., Fraumeni J. F., Jr. Non-Hodgkins lymphoma and sunlight. J. Natl...

Shasa Hu; Fangchao Ma; Fernando Collado-Mesa; and Robert S. Kirsner

453

Shaping of Thin Grazing-Incidence Reflection Grating Substrates via Magnetorheological Finishing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for sub-arcsecond reflection optics. Keywords: x-ray optics, Constellation-X, reflection gratings, thin, such as Constellation-X,1 rely on grazing-incidence reflection gratings to provide the necessary high diffraction efficiency and dispersion for soft x-ray photons in the energy range of approximately 0.25 - 2.0 keV (0.6 - 5

454

Emergency Action Plan For incidents involving hazardous materials, fires, explosions, or natural gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-492-6025. For Non-Emergency Fire and Natural Gas Questions call the CU Fire Marshall @ 303-492-4042. AdditionalEmergency Action Plan For incidents involving hazardous materials, fires, explosions, or natural gas leaks, the following actions should be taken: 1) Life Safety First 2) Evacuate Immediate Area 3

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

455

SPACE WEATHER AND THE INCIDENCE OF REACTIVE "OFF-COST" OPERATIONS IN THE PJM POWER GRID  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SPACE WEATHER AND THE INCIDENCE OF REACTIVE "OFF-COST" OPERATIONS IN THE PJM POWER GRID 7.6 Kevin F the price of electricity in the PJM power grid. In this paper we examine one of the mechanisms by which space weather impacts the electricity market in the PJM power grid. The starting point of this paper

Schrijver, Karel

456

Carotid intima-media thickness is associated with incidence of hospitalized atrial fibrillation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractObjective Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is a measure of arterial thickening and a risk predictor for myocardial infarction and stroke. It is unclear whether IMT also predicts atrial fibrillation (AF). We explored the association between IMT and incidence of first AF hospitalization in a population-based cohort. Methods IMT was measured in 4846 subjects from the general population (aged 4668 years, 60% women) without a history of AF, heart failure or myocardial infarction. The Swedish in-patient register was used for retrieval of AF cases. IMT was studied in relation to incidence of AF. Results During a mean follow-up of 15.3 years, 353 subjects (181 men, 172 women, 4.8 per 1000 person-years) were hospitalized with a diagnosis of AF. After adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors, the hazard ratio (HR) for incidence of AF was 1.61 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.142.27) for 4th vs. 1st quartile of IMT in the common carotid artery. This relationship was also independent of occurrence of carotid plaque. The results were similar for IMT in the bifurcation. Conclusion Carotid IMT was independently associated with incidence of hospitalized AF in this study of middle-aged subjects from the general population. The results suggest that arterial thickening can predict future AF.

Samuel Adamsson Eryd; Gerd stling; Maria Rosvall; Margaretha Persson; J. Gustav Smith; Olle Melander; Bo Hedblad; Gunnar Engstrm

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Using IEC 61508 to Guide the Investigation of Computer-Related Incidents and Accidents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

applications. This has had `knock-on' effects in terms of the complexity of any incident investigation by fractional distillation into intermediate products, including light and heavy diesel, naptha, kerosese a fire in part of the crude distillation unit within the plant. This led to a number of knock-on effects

Johnson, Chris

458

Incidence of ischemic stroke according to income level among older people: the 3C study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Incidence of ischemic stroke according to income level among older people: the 3C study Olivier 26 25. Email: olivier.grimaud@ehesp.fr Abstract Background Stroke has been shown to follow a social between socioeconomic status and ischemic stroke risk amongst older people. Setting The Cities of Bordeaux

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

459

Modeling Disease Incidence Data with Spatial and Spatio-Temporal Dirichlet Process Mixtures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling Disease Incidence Data with Spatial and Spatio-Temporal Dirichlet Process Mixtures approaches to analyze such data. We develop a hierarchical specification using spatial random effects modeled. Key words: Areal unit spatial data; Dirichlet process mixture models; Disease mapping; Dy- namic

Wolpert, Robert L

460

A two-stage model for incidence and prevalence in point-level spatial count data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A two-stage model for incidence and prevalence in point-level spatial count data Virginia Recta about the underlying data generating process. We utilize a two-stage spatial generalized linear mixed and real data from an ecological field survey. 1 Introduction Spatial count data arise frequently

Haran, Murali

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "focuses incident insolation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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461

Workplace Violence Prevention Policy Threats at imminent violence, violent incidents, or dangerous or emergency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Workplace Violence Prevention Policy Threats at imminent violence, violent incidents, or dangerous and staff, employees, students and visitors. Violent behavior, threats of violence, or physical intimidation of threatening or violent conduct in the workplace, or who observes such behavior or believes a credible threat

Goldberg, Bennett

462

Global dynamics of a vector disease model with saturation incidence and time delay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Journal of Applied Mathematics (2011) 76, 919-937 doi:10.1093/imamat/hxr013 Advance Access publication on March 17, 2011 Global dynamics of a vector disease model with saturation incidence and time delay RUI XU Institute of Applied Mathematics......

Rui Xu; Zhien Ma

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Alpha-particle breakup at incident energies of 20 and 40 MeV/nucleon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The breakup of alpha particles at incident energies of 20 and 40 MeV/nucleon on Al27, Ni58, Zr90, and Bi209 has been studied. It was found that the breakup cross section decreases rapidly with increasing angles and increases with increasing target mass and incident energy. The total breakup yield, summed over all charged fragments, is ?15-35% of the alpha-particle total reaction cross section, and has an approximate A13 dependence. The ratios of breakup yields among different fragments are approximately p:d:t:He3?13:3:1:2, and are roughly independent of the incident energy and the target nucleus. These features suggest that the alpha-particle fragmentation is a peripheral process and is dominated by the properties of the incident projectile. A simple plane-wave alpha-particle breakup model gives a rather good description to the experimental data. In addition to the breakup deuteron peak at half of the beam energy, a second peak at quarter of the beam energy (or the same energy as the breakup proton peak) is observed. This peak might be due to a two-step breakup-pickup process.NUCLEAR REACTIONS Al27, Ni58, Zr90, Bi209(?,xp), (?,xd), (?,xt), (?, xHe3,) E?=80,160 MeV; ?=6-30, measured d2?d?dE, deduced alpha-particle breakup yield, Comparisons with alpha-particle breakup model.

J. R. Wu; C. C. Chang; H. D. Holmgren; R. W. Koontz

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Photodynamic Effect of Hematoporphyrin Derivative as a Function of Optical Spectrum and Incident Energy Density  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...visible light, i.e., low energy photons, the photodynamic effect...quanta rather than on incident energy. The work reported here represents...content and total delivered light energy on cell survival. MATERIALS...cially available 1000 watt Xenon solar simulator (Oriel Corporation...

J. H. Kinsey; D. A. Cortese; H. L. Moses; R. J. Ryan; and E. L. Branum

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Prospective Study of UV Exposure and Cancer Incidence Among Swedish Women  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...detailed individual data on solar and artificial UV exposure in...843 subjects with a total energy intake outside the 1st and 99th...cancer incidence for either solar UV exposure (as indicated by...our study as a crude proxy of solar UV exposure. Sunburns are a...

Ling Yang; Marit B. Veierd; Marie Lf; Sven Sandin; Hans-Olov Adami; and Elisabete Weiderpass

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

The low energy ion assisted control of interfacial structure: Ion incident energy effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The low energy ion assisted control of interfacial structure: Ion incident energy effects X. W Science and Engineering, School of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Virginia of interlayer mixing are primarily controlled by the adatom energy used in the deposition. Inert gas ion

Wadley, Haydn

467

The Smith Normal Form of the Incidence Matrix of Skew Lines in PG(3, q)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Smith Normal Form of the Incidence Matrix of Skew Lines in PG(3, q) Peter Sin, University. In our case D = q4I. #12;Smith normal forms A, L define endomorphisms of the free Z-module on lines. Cokernel of A is called the Smith group and the torsion subgroup of the cokernel of L is known

Sin, Peter

468

Resonant normal-incidence separate-absorption-charge-multiplication Ge/Si avalanche  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-speed InP /InGaAsP /InGaAs avalanche photodiodes grown by chemical beam epitaxy," IEEE J. Quantum ElectronResonant normal-incidence separate-absorption- charge-multiplication Ge/Si avalanche photodiodes the impedance of separate-absorption-charge- multiplication Ge/Si avalanche photodiodes (APD) is characterized

Bowers, John

469

Ambient air pollution exposure and the incidence of related health effects among racial/ethnic minorities  

SciTech Connect

Differences among racial and ethnic groups in morbidity and mortality rates for diseases, including diseases with environmental causes, have been extensively documented. However, documenting the linkages between environmental contaminants, individual exposures, and disease incidence has been hindered by difficulties in measuring exposure for the population in general and for minority populations in particular. After briefly discussing research findings on associations of common air pollutants with disease incidence, the authors summarize recent studies of radial/ethnic subgroup differences in incidence of these diseases in the US. They then present evidence of both historic and current patterns of disproportionate minority group exposure to air pollution as measured by residence in areas where ambient air quality standards are violated. The current indications of disproportionate potential exposures of minority and low-income populations to air pollutants represent the continuation of a historical trend. The evidence of linkage between disproportionate exposure to air pollution of racial/ethnic minorities and low-income groups and their higher rates of some air pollution-related diseases is largely circumstantial. Differences in disease incidence and mortality rates among racial/ethnic groups are discussed for respiratory diseases, cancers, and lead poisoning. Pollutants of concern include CO, Pb, SO{sub 2}, O{sub 3}, and particulates.

Nieves, L.A.; Wernette, D.R.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

incident_investigation_form.docx Revision Date: 2/5/2013 Page 1 of 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

layout is hazardous Unsafe lighting Unsafe ventilation Lack of personal protective equipment (PPE of Report: Reported by: Supervisor EH&S Team Other__________ DESCRIBE THE INCIDENT Exact Location) Inadequate guard Unguarded hazard Safety device is defective Tool or equipment defective Workstation

471

GUIDANCE NOTES FOR COMPLETION The following incidents and occurrences must be reported to Safety and Environmental Protection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

manager and the local Safety Coordinator must be made aware of the incident so that further investigation and/or remedial action can be taken. #12;

Glasgow, University of

472

NETL: Carbon Storage - CO2 Utilization Focus Area  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CO2 Utilization CO2 Utilization Carbon Storage CO2 Utilization Focus Area Carbon dioxide (CO2) utilization efforts focus on pathways and novel approaches for reducing CO2 emissions by developing beneficial uses for the CO2 that will mitigate CO2 emissions in areas where geologic storage may not be an optimal solution. CO2 can be used in applications that could generate significant benefits. It is possible to develop alternatives that can use captured CO2 or convert it to useful products such chemicals, cements, or plastics. Revenue generated from the utilized CO2 could also offset a portion of the CO2 capture cost. Processes or concepts must take into account the life cycle of the process to ensure that additional CO2 is not produced beyond what is already being removed from or going into the atmosphere. Furthermore, while the utilization of CO2 has some potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere, CO2 has certain disadvantages as a chemical reactant. Carbon dioxide is rather inert and non-reactive. This inertness is the reason why CO2 has broad industrial and technical applications. Each potential use of CO2 has an energy requirement that needs to be determined; and the CO2 produced to create the energy for the specific utilization process must not exceed the CO2 utilized.

473

NETL: Carbon Storage - Simulation and Risk Assessment Focus Area  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Simulation and Risk Assessment Simulation and Risk Assessment Carbon Storage Simulation and Risk Assessment Focus Area The Simulation and Risk Assessment Focus Area is an integrated effort to develop advanced simulation models of the subsurface and integrate the results into a risk assessment that includes both technical and programmatic risks. As the simulation models are refined with new data, the uncertainty surrounding the identified risks decreases, which in turn provides a more accurate risk assessment and mitigation plan for each project site. Both qualitative and quantitative protocols will be developed to ensure the safe and permanent storage of carbon dioxide (CO2). Results from the simulation models will be incorporated into risk assessments on a project-by-project basis and on a larger basin-scale. As carbon capture and storage (CCS) becomes deployed in major basins, macro model results will be needed to manage reservoirs for pressure management, plume migration, and potential risks of multiple CO2 injection projects across the basin.

474

A Superconducting Magnet Upgrade of the ATF2 Final Focus  

SciTech Connect

The ATF2 facility at KEK is a proving ground for linear collider technology with a well instrumented extracted beam line and Final Focus (FF). The primary ATF2 goal is to demonstrate the extreme beam demagnification and spot stability needed for a linear collider FF. But the ATF2 FF uses water cooled magnets and the ILC baseline has a superconducting (SC) FF. We plan to upgrade ATF2 and replace some of the warm FF magnets with SC FF magnets. The ATF2 SC magnets, like the ILC FF, will made via direct wind construction. ATF2 coil winding is in progress at BNL and warm magnetic measurements indicate we have achieved good field quality. Studies indicate that having ATF2 FF magnets with larger aperture and better field quality should allow reducing the ATF2 FF beta function for study of focusing regimes relevant to CLIC. The ATF2 magnet cryostat will have laser view ports for directly monitoring cold mass movement. We plan to make stability measurements at BNL and KEK to relate ATF2 FF magnet performance to that of a full length ILC QD0 R and D FF prototype under construction at BNL.

Parker B.; Anerella M.; Escallier J.; He P.; Jain A.; Marone A.; Wanderer P.; Wu K.C.; Hauviller C.; Marin E.; Tomas R.; Zimmermann F.; Bolzon B.; Jeremie A.; Kimura N.; Kubo K.; Kume T.; Kuroda S.; Okugi T.; Tauchi T.; Terunuma N.; Tomaru T.; Tsuchiya K.; Urakawa J.; Yamamoto A.; Bambabe P.; Coe P.; Urner D.; Seryi A.; Spencer C.; White G.

2010-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

475

A Superconducting Magnet Upgrade of the ATF2 Final Focus  

SciTech Connect

The ATF2 facility at KEK is a proving ground for linear collider technology with a well instrumented extracted beam line and Final Focus (FF). The primary ATF2 goal is to demonstrate the extreme beam demagnification and spot stability needed for a linear collider FF. But the ATF2 FF uses water cooled magnets and the ILC baseline has a superconducting (SC) FF. We plan to upgrade ATF2 and replace some of the warm FF magnets with SC FF magnets. The ATF2 SC magnets, like the ILC FF, will made via direct wind construction. ATF2 coil winding is in progress at BNL and warm magnetic measurements indicate we have achieved good field quality. Studies indicate that having ATF2 FF magnets with larger aperture and better field quality should allow reducing the ATF2 FF beta function for study of focusing regimes relevant to CLIC. The ATF2 magnet cryostat will have laser view ports for directly monitoring cold mass movement. We plan to make stability measurements at BNL and KEK to relate ATF2 FF magnet performance to that of a full length ILC QD0 R&D FF prototype under construction at BNL.

Parker, Brett; /Brookhaven; Anerella, Michael; /Brookhaven; Escallier, John; /Brookhaven; He, Ping; /Brookhaven; Jain, Animesh; /Brookhaven; Marone, Andrew; /Brookhaven; Wanderer, Peter; /Brookhaven; Wu, Kuo-Chen; /Brookhaven; Bambade, Philip; /Orsay, LAL; Bolzon, Benoit; /Annecy, LAPP; Jeremie, Andrea; /Annecy, LAPP; Coe, Paul; /Oxford U.; Urner, David /Oxford U.; Hauviller, Claude; /CERN; Marin, Eduardo; /CERN; Tomas, Rogelio; /CERN; Zimmermann, Frank; /CERN; Kimura, Nobuhiro; /KEK, Tsukuba; Kubo, Kiyoshi; /KEK, Tsukuba; Kume, Tatsuya /KEK, Tsukuba; Kuroda, Shigeru; /KEK, Tsukuba /KEK, Tsukuba /KEK, Tsukuba /KEK, Tsukuba /KEK, Tsukuba /KEK, Tsukuba /KEK, Tsukuba /KEK, Tsukuba /SLAC /SLAC /SLAC

2012-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

476

Destruction of microorganisms by high-energy pulsed focused ultrasound  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of high-energy ultrasound pulses to generate and excite clouds of microbubbles has shown great potential to mechanically destroy soft tissue in a wide range of clinical applications. In our work we have focused on extending the application of cavitation based histotripsy to the destruction of microorganisms such as bacteria biofilms and microalgae. Bacteria biofilms pose a significant problem when treating infections on medical implants while the fractionation of microalgae in an efficient manner could lower the production cost of biofuels. In the past we have shown a 4.4-log10 reduction of viable Escherichia coli bacteria capable of forming a colony in a biofilm following a high-energy pulsed focused ultrasound exposure. We have also shown complete removal of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms from a Pyrolytic graphite substrate based on fluorescence imaging following live/dead staining. We also showed minimal temperature increase when the appropriate ultrasound pulse parameters were utilized. Recently we have shown that high-energy pulsed ultrasound at 1.1 MHz can fractionate the microalgae model system Chlamydomonas reinhardtii for lipid extraction/biofuel production in both flow and stationary exposure systems with improved efficiency over traditional sonicators. In these studies the fractionation of the cells was quantified by protein and chlorophyll release following exposure.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Mixed Waste Focus Area: Department of Energy complex needs report  

SciTech Connect

The Assistant Secretary for the Office of Environmental Management (EM) at the US Department of Energy (DOE) initiated a new approach in August of 1993 to environmental research and technology development. A key feature of this new approach included establishment of the Mixed Waste Characterization, Treatment, and Disposal Focus Area (MWFA). The mission of the MWFA is to identify, develop, and implement needed technologies such that the major environmental management problems related to meeting DOE`s commitments for treatment of mixed wastes under the Federal Facility Compliance Act (FFCA), and in accordance with the Land Disposal Restrictions (LDR) of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), can be addressed, while cost-effectively expending the funding resources. To define the deficiencies or needs of the EM customers, the MWFA analyzed Proposed Site Treatment Plans (PSTPs), as well as other applicable documents, and conducted site visits throughout the summer of 1995. Representatives from the Office of Waste Management (EM-30), the Office of Environmental Restoration (EM-40), and the Office of Facility Transition and Management (EM-60) at each site visited were requested to consult with the Focus Area to collaboratively define their technology needs. This report documents the needs, deficiencies, technology gaps, and opportunities for expedited treatment activities that were identified during the site visit process. The defined deficiencies and needs are categorized by waste type, namely Wastewaters, Combustible Organics, Sludges/Soils, Debris/Solids, and Unique Wastes, and will be prioritized based on the relative affect the deficiency has on the DOE Complex.

Roach, J.A.

1995-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

478

Formation of a High?Density Deuterium Plasma Focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During the early investigation of the high?energy low?pressure mode of a coaxial hydromagnetic gun a second mode of action was established for large gas fillings. This particular mode previously reported was found to lead to a high?density plasma focus situated at a distance ?11.5 cm beyond the face of the center electrode. The plasma focus has the following properties; particle density ? ? 23 1019/cm3 temperature T ? 13 keV time duration t ? 0.20.3 ?sec and volume ?15 mm3. Neutron yields >1010/burst and soft x rays are observed. These results are remarkably similar to those reported by Petrov et al. and Filippov et al. of the USSR using a metal wall pinch tube apparatus. The average velocity vz of the current sheath in the gun proper is found to depend on the fourth root of the applied voltage squares divided by the mass density according to the simple ``snowplow'' ``M'' theory. The current sheath is found to be nonplanar and mass pickup by the advancing sheath is nonlinear with radius. The sudden collapse of the radial current sheath toward the axis at the center electrode end is most likely caused by the rapid conversion of stored magnetic energy into radial sheath motion (v? r ? 3.5 107 cm/sec) forming in essence a super dense pinch effect.

J. W. Mather

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Production of hard x rays in a plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A model of the plasma focus is considered in which large axial electric fields are induced by the imploding current sheet during the final few nanoseconds of the collapse phase. This field provides a mechanism for creation of a beam of electrons of highly suprathermal energies. For such a beam having a power?law energy spectrum the bremsstrahlung radiation above 100 keV to be expected from it both from electron?deuteron collisions in the focused plasma itself and when the beam reaches the walls of the device is calculated. The expected radiation from the walls is found to be several orders of magnitude higher than that from the plasma. Thus since experimental evidence indicates that little or no radiation above 100 keV originates in the walls the conclusion is drawn that the electrons in the beam must be decelerated after leaving the plasma and before reaching the walls. Upon comparison with experimental results qualitative agreement of the expected angular distribution of hard x rays with experiment is found. The total energy in accelerated electrons required to produce the observed total energy in hard x rays by this mechanism is also reasonable when compared with the total energy of the device.

C. E. Newman; Vah Petrosian

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Anisotropy of Ion Emission from a Low Energy Plasma Focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have investigated the ion flux ion energy and anisotropy of carbon ion emission at different angular positions from a low energy Plasma Focus (PF) device operating in methane at 20 kV with 1.8 kJ stored energy. A detector array is used to measure simultaneously the ion beams at five different angles with respect to the PF axis (0 10 15 20 and 90) at a distance of 77 cm from the ion source. Ion beam energy correlations for operation in methane indicate that the dominant charge states on the detector are H+ C+4 and C+5. The correlation of ion beam intensity with filling gas pressure indicates that the beam emission maximizes at the optimum pressure for focus formation at peak current. Estimated ion fluxes are maximum for the energy range of 50 100 keV 100 200 keV and 300 400 keV respectively. Measurements of the angular distribution of ions reveal a strong anisotropy. It is observed that the flux of hydrogen ions is maximum near the axis of the PF whereas the flux of carbon ions is maximum at off axis (around 15). An ion emission dip is observed in case of the carbon ions at the PF axis.

H. Bhuyan; M. Favre; H. Chuaqui; E. Valderrama; I. Mitchell; E. Wyndham

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "focuses incident insolation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Tanks focus area multiyear program plan FY97-FY99  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) continues to face a major tank remediation problem with approximately 332 tanks storing over 378,000 ml of high-level waste (HLW) and transuranic (TRU) waste across the DOE complex. Most of the tanks have significantly exceeded their life spans. Approximately 90 tanks across the DOE complex are known or assumed to have leaked. Some of the tank contents are potentially explosive. These tanks must be remediated and made safe. How- ever, regulatory drivers are more ambitious than baseline technologies and budgets will support. Therefore, the Tanks Focus Area (TFA) began operation in October 1994. The focus area manages, coordinates, and leverages technology development to provide integrated solutions to remediate problems that will accelerate safe and cost-effective cleanup and closure of DOE`s national tank system. The TFA is responsible for technology development to support DOE`s four major tank sites: Hanford Site (Washington), INEL (Idaho), Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) (Tennessee), and Savannah River Site (SRS) (South Carolina). Its technical scope covers the major functions that comprise a complete tank remediation system: safety, characterization, retrieval, pretreatment, immobilization, and closure.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

The emerging technology of synthetic aperture focusing for ultrasonic testing  

SciTech Connect

The capabilities of synthetic aperture focusing techniques for ultrasonic testing (SAFT-UT) as a nondestructure testing technique are presented. SAFT-UT is a digital ultrasonic imaging method, which can be adapted to many different materials, specimen geometries, and wave propagation modes. The process allows each point within the inspected volume to be focused upon by mathematically simulating the action of a lens, specifically formed for imaging that point in the volume. All points are therefore imaged at the maximum available resolution. The PNL effort in SAFT-UT is a continuation of a program started earlier by the NRC at the University of Michigan. The objectives of the present program are: (1) to engineer and evaluate a real-time flaw detection and imaging system based on SAFT-UT for inservice inspection of all required LWR components, (2) to establish calibration and field test procedures, (3) to demonstrate and validate the system through field reactor inspections, and (4) to gain ASME Code acceptance of the real-time SAFT-UT technique. The following aspects of SAFT-UT are presented in this paper: (1) brief overview of SAFT imaging theory, (2) results demonstrating achievable lateral resolution, and (3) presentation of shear wave SAFT-UT images.

Busse, L.J.; Collins, H.D.; Doctor, S.R.

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Focus measure based on the energy of high-frequency components in the S transform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Focus measure plays a fundamental role in the shape from focus technique. In this Letter, we suggest a focus measure in the S-transform domain that is based on the energy of...

Mahmood, MuhammadTariq; Choi, Tae-Sun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Interaction of dense nitrogen plasma with SS304 surface using APF plasma focus device  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The nitridation of SS304 surfaces is obtained by irradiating nitrogen ions from Amirkabir plasma focus device, which use multiple focus deposition shots...

M. Afrashteh; M. Habibi; E. Heydari

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Progress in Beam Focusing and Compression for Target Heating and Warm Dense Matter Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plasma and the plasma in the final focus solenoid, whichplasma forms a thin column of diameter ~5 mm along the solenoid axis when the Final Focus

Seidl, Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

High-aspect-ratio line focus and plasma production using a random phase plate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of rectangular-element random phase plates to generate a line focus is described. Photographic records of the resultant focus are presented and compared with theoretical...

Desselberger, M; Gizzi, L; Barrow, V; Edwards, J; Khattak, F; Viana, S; Willi, O; Danson, C N

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Delivering Renewable Hydrogen: A Focus on Near-Term Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Delivering Renewable Hydrogen Delivering Renewable Hydrogen A Focus on Near-Term Applications A One-Day Workshop Presented by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the California Fuel Cell Partnership Palm Springs, California, November 16, 2009 Palm Springs Convention Center, Wyndham Hotel - Catalina Room, 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM With Modeling Show-and-Tell at 5:15 PM and Reception Presentation at 6:15 PM (Mesquite Room G) AGENDA 8:30 am Registration 9:00 am Welcome and Opening Remarks: Robert Remick, NREL 9:10 am Session 1: Renewable Hydrogen Policy and Markets Moderator: Nancy Garland, U.S. Department of Energy 1. Hydrogen Policy and Analyzing the Transition Paul Leiby, Oak Ridge National Laboratory 2. California Regulations on Renewable Hydrogen and Low Carbon Technologies

488

DOE Theory Focus Session on Hydrogen Storage Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Department of Energy Theory Focus Session on Hydrogen Storage Materials DOE Hydrogen Program Basic Energy Sciences (Office of Science) and Office of Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies (Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy) Thursday, May 18, 2006 (1 pm to 6 pm) Crystal Gateway Marriott, Crystal City, VA (In conjunction with the DOE Hydrogen Program Annual Merit Review, May 16-19) Co-organizers: Chris Wolverton (Ford), Karl Johnson (U. of Pittsburgh), Maciek Gutowski (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) DOE Contacts: Sunita Satyapal and Dale Koelling Objectives: * Identify critical areas, key barriers and gaps in current theory/modeling approaches for hydrogen storage materials and technologies * Provide an overview of current state of the art and most recent technical progress

489

Energy Focus Inc formerly Fiberstars | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fiberstars Fiberstars Jump to: navigation, search Name Energy Focus Inc (formerly Fiberstars) Place Solon, Ohio Product US-based manufacturer of lighting systems. Coordinates 41.38712°, -81.434401° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.38712,"lon":-81.434401,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

490

International Working Group Meeting Focuses on Nuclear Power Infrastructure  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Financing of New Nuclear Projects Financing of New Nuclear Projects International Working Group Meeting Focuses on Nuclear Power Infrastructure Development and Financing of New Nuclear Projects December 15, 2009 - 1:09pm Addthis VIENNA, AUSTRIA - The multi-nation Infrastructure Development Working Group (IDWG) held its fifth meeting and also a workshop on the financing of international nuclear power projects in Vienna, Austria, on December 9-10, 2009. An official from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) led the working group meeting. "As a key component of the international Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) program, the Infrastructure Development Working Group supports the safe, secure and responsible use of nuclear energy," said Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy Warren F. Miller, Jr. "The group

491

Focus Series - Chicago-Energy Impact Illinois (EI2)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Focus Series CHICAGO-ENERGY IMPACT ILLINOIS (EI2) Energy Impact Illinois Learns That Parties Sell Upgrades When Better Buildings Neighborhood Program partner Energy Impact Illinois (EI2) didn't achieve the response expected from a mass media advertising campaign, program administrators saw an opportunity to try a different strategy-one that relied more on a community-based, boots-on-the-ground outreach campaign. Through a "house party" initiative, EI2 brought Chicago homeowners, neighbors, and friends together to learn about energy efficiency opportunities, while increasing demand for home energy assessments and upgrades. Following is an abridged transcript of an interview with Dan Olson, senior energy efficiency planner, and Emily Plagman, senior energy planner for the Chicago Metropolitan

492

Frontiers in Science Lectures focus on saving energy through  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Science Lectures Frontiers in Science Lectures Frontiers in Science Lectures focus on saving energy through superconductivity Dean Peterson discusses the science of high-temperature superconductivity in a series of Frontiers in Science lectures. June 12, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

493

January 20, 2011, HSS Union Focus Group Meeting - Attendees  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(HSS) (HSS) January 20, 2011 HSS FOCUS GROUP Meeting Attendees HSS Attendees: Podonsky, Glenn Eckroade, Bill Campagnone, Mari-Jo Ardaiz, Michael Berry, Tracey Boulden III, John S Brewer, Stephanie Donovan, Dick Lawrence, Andrew Lewis, Charles Lingan, Robert Worthington, Pat McArthur, Bill Roege, William Simonson, Steven Staker, Thomas Stone, Barbara Thompson, Martha Weston-Dawkes, Andy Wilcher, Larry Lily Alexander Mark Do Heidi Ascosi National Training Center - Call-in: Gasperow, Lesley Nelson, Bob Lozoya, Jeannie Union/Stakeholder Attendees: 1. Ron Ault - Metal Trades Department 2. Dennis Phelps (for Chico McGill) - International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers 3. James Frederick - United Steel Workers 4. Randy Lawson - International Guards Union of America/National Council of Security Police

494

An electrostatically-focused beam for reemitted positron energy spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

An ultrahigh vacuum system has been constructed in which 2 keV positrons are electrostatically transported and focused onto a solid surface which has been characterised by LEED and Auger spectroscopies. Slow positrons reemitted from the surface traverse a field-free region and enter the transport lens system of a hemispherical energy analyser. This last device potentially enables high-resolution measurements of the energy spectrum of the reemitted positrons. Preliminary low-resolution measurements of positron spectra from Cu(110) and polycrystalline W surfaces have been made under various conditions; the system is currently being developed and upgraded to improve the beam brightness as well as the energy and angular resolution.

Goodyear, A.; Farthing, I.R.; Coleman, P.G. (School of Physics, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ (U.K.))

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Upgrade of the proximity focusing RICH at Jlab  

SciTech Connect

The Hall A RICH at Jefferson Lab is undergoing an upgrade to adapt to the higher momentum kinematics of the neutron spin structure Transversity experiments planned to run in 2008. The JLab RICH is a proximity focusing detector using liquid C6F14 as Cherenkov radiator, a thin layer of CsI as photon converter, evaporated on segmented pad panels of a proportional chamber. The original RICH had a superior hadron identification up to 2 GeV/c with pion/kaon rejection at the level of 1:1000 at ~ similar90% intrinsic efficiency. The upgrade will extend this performance above 2.4 GeV/c by means of a larger photon detector (a multiwire-multipad proportional chamber) and a longer proximity gap which will improve the photon detection geometrical efficiency and the angular resolution, respectively.

Cisbani, Evaristo; Colilli, Stefano; Cusanno, Francesco; Fratoni, Rolando; Frullani, Salvatore; Garibaldi, Franco; Giuliani, Fausto; Gricia, Massimo; Lucentini, Maurizio; Santavenere, Fabio; Urciuoli, Guido; Iodice, Mauro; Argentieri, A.; de Cataldo, Giacinto; De Leo, Raffaele; Lagamba, Luigi; Marrone, Stefano; Nappi, E.; Camsonne, Alexandre; Kross, Brian; Michaels, Robert; Reitz, Bodo; Segal, John; Wojtsekhowski, Bogdan; Zorn, Carl; Monno, E.; Breuer, Herbert

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Tanks Focus Area (TFA) Site Needs Assessment FY 1999  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the process used by the Tanks Focus Area (TFA) to analyze and develop responses to technology needs submitted by five major U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sites with radioactive tank waste problems, and the initial results of the analysis. The sites are the Hanford Site, Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL), Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR), Savannah River Site (SRS), and West Valley Demonstration Project (WVDP). This is the fifth edition of the TFA site needs assessment. As with previous editions, this edition serves to provide the basis for accurately defining the TFA program for the upcoming fiscal year (FY), and adds definition to the program for up to 4 additional outyears. Therefore, this version distinctly defines the FY 2000 progrti and adds further definition to the FY 2001- FY 2004 program. Each year, the TFA reviews and amends its program in response to site users' science and technology needs.

RW Allen

1999-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

497

Preparation of silicon carbide film by a plasma focus device  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Silicon carbide (SiC) films were grown on the silicon (100) substrate by a 20 kJ Mather-type dense plasma focus device. The preparation method and characterization data are presented. X-ray diffractometer (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and nano-indentor were employed for the characterization of the samples obtained at different axial position of 50 mm, 90 mm, 130 mm and 170 mm, respectively. Polycrystalline 3CSiC were obtained at the position of 90 mm and 130 mm from XRD and FTIR spectra. SEM image showed that the silicon carbide films obtained at the position of 90 mm are porous on surface layer. Nano-indentor indicates that the film obtained at the position of 130 mm has the highest mechanical hardness.

Z.P. Wang; H.R. Yousefi; Y. Nishino; H. Ito; K. Masugata

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Fully kinetic simulations of megajoule-scale dense plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dense plasma focus (DPF) Z-pinch devices are sources of copious high energy electrons and ions x-rays and neutrons. Megajoule-scale DPFs can generate 1012 neutrons per pulse in deuterium gas through a combination of thermonuclear and beam-target fusion. However the details of the neutron production are not fully understood and past optimization efforts of these devices have been largely empirical. Previously we reported on the first fully kinetic simulations of a kilojoule-scale DPF and demonstrated that both kinetic ions and kinetic electrons are needed to reproduce experimentally observed features such as charged-particle beam formation and anomalous resistivity. Here we present the first fully kinetic simulation of a MegaJoule DPF with predicted ion and neutron spectra neutron anisotropy neutron spot size and time history of neutron production. The total yield predicted by the simulation is in agreement with measured values validating the kinetic model in a second energy regime.

M. May

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Study on Ferroelectric Thick Film Insulator Sleeve On Plasma Focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of ferroelectric lead germanate Pb 5 Ge 3O11 (PGO) thick film in the alumina insulator sleeve of the 400 Joule Mather?type plasma focus device PF?400J is studied. The breakdown phase along the insulator is fundamental for the formation of a homogeneous and symmetric current sheath that is essential for a good plasma pinching high neutron yield and X?ray emissions. For over several hundreds of electrical discharges the films show good mechanical and electric performance. From the beginning the operating system is highly reproducible shot to shot with a clear definition of the plasma pinch on the axis of discharge. The grade of influence of the electron emission from the ferroelectric is experimentally studied.

Gustavo Sylvester; Patricio Silva; Jos Moreno; Marcelo Zambra; Leopoldo Soto

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Focused Ion Beam Induced Effects on MOS Transistor Parameters  

SciTech Connect

We report on recent studies of the effects of 50 keV focused ion beam (FIB) exposure on MOS transistors. We demonstrate that the changes in value of transistor parameters (such as threshold voltage, V{sub t}) are essentially the same for exposure to a Ga+ ion beam at 30 and 50 keV under the same exposure conditions. We characterize the effects of FIB exposure on test transistors fabricated in both 0.5 {micro}m and 0.225 {micro}m technologies from two different vendors. We report on the effectiveness of overlying metal layers in screening MOS transistors from FIB-induced damage and examine the importance of ion dose rate and the physical dimensions of the exposed area.

Abramo, Marsha T.; Antoniou, Nicholas; Campbell, Ann N.; Fleetwood, Daniel M.; Hembree, Charles E.; Jessing, Jeffrey R.; Soden, Jerry M.; Swanson, Scot E.; Tangyunyong, Paiboon; Vanderlinde, William E.

1999-07-28T23:59:59.000Z