Sample records for flow orders ofos

  1. second-order convex splitting schemes for gradient flows with ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract. We construct unconditionally stable, unconditionally uniquely solvable, and second-order accurate (in time) schemes for gradient flows with energy of ...

  2. Physics-Based, Reduced-Order Combustor Flow Modeling Sean D. Bradshaw

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peraire, Jaime

    Physics-Based, Reduced-Order Combustor Flow Modeling by Sean D. Bradshaw B.S., Aeronautics-Based, Reduced-Order Combustor Flow Modeling by Sean D. Bradshaw Submitted to the Department of Aeronautics in Aeronautics And Astronautics Abstract A physics-based, reduced-order combustor flow model, CFLOW, is described

  3. Impact of higher-order flows in the moment equations on Pfirsch-Schlüter friction coefficients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Honda, M., E-mail: honda.mitsuru@jaea.go.jp [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Naka, Ibaraki 311-0193 (Japan)

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The impact of the higher-order flows in the moment approach on an estimate of the friction coefficients is numerically examined. The higher-order flows are described by the lower-order hydrodynamic flows using the collisional plasma assumption. Their effects have not been consistently taken into account thus far in the widely used neoclassical transport codes based on the moment equations in terms of the Pfirsch-Schlüter flux. Due to numerically solving the friction-flow matrix without using the small-mass ratio expansion, it is clearly revealed that incorporating the higher-order flow effects is of importance especially for plasmas including multiple hydrogenic ions and other lighter species with similar masses.

  4. Incorporating and Evaluating Environmental Instream Flows in a Priority Order Based Surface Water Allocation Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pauls, Mark

    2014-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    ............................................................................................................ 120 Figure 20. Comparison of Engaged Period Reliability versus Allowable Deficit (M3B) between Trinity WAM Control Points for All Instream Flow Targets... INCORPORATING AND EVALUATING ENVIRONMENTAL INSTREAM FLOWS IN A PRIORITY ORDER BASED SURFACE WATER ALLOCATION MODEL A Thesis by MARK ALLEN PAULS Submitted to the Office of Graduate and Professional Studies of Texas A&M University...

  5. A FIRST ORDER PROJECTIONBASED TIMESPLITTING SCHEME FOR COMPUTING CHEMICALLY REACTING FLOWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A FIRST ORDER PROJECTION­BASED TIME­SPLITTING SCHEME FOR COMPUTING CHEMICALLY REACTING FLOWS catalytic reactors for methane to methanol conversion and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process modeling ANDREAS PROHL 1 Abstract. The simulation of chemically reacting flows in specific situations is a basic

  6. Optimal investment on finite horizon with random discrete order flow in illiquid markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    both on trading and observation of the assets. For example, in power markets, trading occurs through at any time but trading occurs more frequently near a terminal horizon. The investor can observe and trade the risky asset only at exogenous random times corresponding to the order flow given

  7. A FIRST ORDER PROJECTION-BASED TIME-SPLITTING SCHEME FOR COMPUTING CHEMICALLY REACTING FLOWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A FIRST ORDER PROJECTION-BASED TIME-SPLITTING SCHEME FOR COMPUTING CHEMICALLY REACTING FLOWS, surface catalytic reactors for methane to methanol conversion and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process ANDREAS PROHL1 Abstract. The simulation of chemically reacting ows in speci#12;c situations is a basic

  8. ORDER

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in ManyDepartment of Order No.of Energy OPCOPSAID| Department

  9. ORDER

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire3627 FederalTransformers |OJT!LSU/CAMD ProcedureNA LtheORDER

  10. A low order flow/acoustics interaction method for the prediction of sound propagation using 3D adaptive hybrid grids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kallinderis, Yannis, E-mail: kallind@otenet.gr [Dept. of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, University of Patras, Rio Patras 26504 (Greece)] [Dept. of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, University of Patras, Rio Patras 26504 (Greece); Vitsas, Panagiotis A.; Menounou, Penelope [Dept. of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, University of Patras, Rio Patras 26504 (Greece)] [Dept. of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, University of Patras, Rio Patras 26504 (Greece)

    2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A low-order flow/acoustics interaction method for the prediction of sound propagation and diffraction in unsteady subsonic compressible flow using adaptive 3-D hybrid grids is investigated. The total field is decomposed into the flow field described by the Euler equations, and the acoustics part described by the Nonlinear Perturbation Equations. The method is shown capable of predicting monopole sound propagation, while employment of acoustics-guided adapted grid refinement improves the accuracy of capturing the acoustic field. Interaction of sound with solid boundaries is also examined in terms of reflection, and diffraction. Sound propagation through an unsteady flow field is examined using static and dynamic flow/acoustics coupling demonstrating the importance of the latter.

  11. Higher-Order Compositional Modeling of Three-phase Flow in 3D Fractured Porous Media Using Cross-flow Equilibrium Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moortgat, Joachim

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Numerical simulation of multiphase compositional flow in fractured porous media, when all the species can transfer between the phases, is a real challenge. Despite the broad applications in hydrocarbon reservoir engineering and hydrology, a compositional numerical simulator for three-phase flow in fractured media has not appeared in the literature, to the best of our knowledge. In this work, we present a three-phase fully compositional simulator for fractured media, based on higher-order finite element methods. To achieve computational efficiency, we invoke the cross-flow equilibrium (CFE) concept between discrete fractures and a small neighborhood in the matrix blocks. We adopt the mixed hybrid finite element (MHFE) method to approximate convective Darcy fluxes and the pressure equation. This approach is the most natural choice for flow in fractured media. The mass balance equations are discretized by the discontinuous Galerkin (DG) method, which is perhaps the most efficient approach to capture physical dis...

  12. Reduced-Order Models of Zero-Net Mass-Flux Jets for Large-Scale Flow Control Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mittal, Rajat

    Reduced-Order Models of Zero-Net Mass-Flux Jets for Large-Scale Flow Control Simulations Reni Raju computational tools are well suited for modeling the dynamics of zero-net mass-flux actuators, the computational vorticity, (s-1 ) I. Introduction ERO-net mass-flux (ZNMF) actuators or "synthetic jets" have potential

  13. Physics-Based Low Order Galerkin Models in Fluid Dynamics & Flow Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gorban, Alexander N.

    (Berlin Institute of Technology MB1, Germany) Marek Morzynski (Poznan University of Technology, Poland models of energy supply and consumption. Yet a third principle is the realization that governing flow to time-averaged energy dynamics of Galerkin modes, and gives rise to physically based, nonlinear sub

  14. Higher-Order Spectral/HP Finite Element Technology for Structures and Fluid Flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallala, Venkat Pradeep

    2013-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This study deals with the use of high-order spectral/hp approximation functions in the ?nite element models of various nonlinear boundary-value and initial-value problems arising in the ?elds of structural mechanics and ?ows of viscous...

  15. Higher-order compositional modeling of three-phase flow in 3D fractured porous media based on cross-flow equilibrium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moortgat, Joachim, E-mail: jmoortgat@rerinst.org; Firoozabadi, Abbas, E-mail: abbas.firoozabadi@yale.edu

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Numerical simulation of multiphase compositional flow in fractured porous media, when all the species can transfer between the phases, is a real challenge. Despite the broad applications in hydrocarbon reservoir engineering and hydrology, a compositional numerical simulator for three-phase flow in fractured media has not appeared in the literature, to the best of our knowledge. In this work, we present a three-phase fully compositional simulator for fractured media, based on higher-order finite element methods. To achieve computational efficiency, we invoke the cross-flow equilibrium (CFE) concept between discrete fractures and a small neighborhood in the matrix blocks. We adopt the mixed hybrid finite element (MHFE) method to approximate convective Darcy fluxes and the pressure equation. This approach is the most natural choice for flow in fractured media. The mass balance equations are discretized by the discontinuous Galerkin (DG) method, which is perhaps the most efficient approach to capture physical discontinuities in phase properties at the matrix-fracture interfaces and at phase boundaries. In this work, we account for gravity and Fickian diffusion. The modeling of capillary effects is discussed in a separate paper. We present the mathematical framework, using the implicit-pressure-explicit-composition (IMPEC) scheme, which facilitates rigorous thermodynamic stability analyses and the computation of phase behavior effects to account for transfer of species between the phases. A deceptively simple CFL condition is implemented to improve numerical stability and accuracy. We provide six numerical examples at both small and larger scales and in two and three dimensions, to demonstrate powerful features of the formulation.

  16. Higher-order compositional modeling of three-phase flow in 3D fractured porous media based on cross-flow equilibrium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firoozabadi, Abbas

    to approximate convective Darcy fluxes and the pressure equa- tion. This approach is the most natural choice for flow in fractured media. The mass balance equations are discretized by the discontinuous Galerkin (DG injection in oil reservoirs that have previously been water flooded. Another example is when gas is injected

  17. A reduced-order model based on proper orthogonal decomposition for non-isothermal two-phase flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Brian Ross

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    of computational costs. v NOMENCLATURE Cp ? Constant pressure speciflc heat dps ? Solid particle diameter Fgs ? Coe?cient for the interphase force between gas and solid phases g ? Gravity acceleration K ? Difiusivity coe?cient m ? Number of POD modes M ? Number... for the POD-based reduced-order mod- els. The conclusions and future work are presented in Chapter VIII. Appendix A describes the constitutive models used to close the transport equations. Appendix B presents the algorithm for calculating the convection...

  18. A high-order immersed boundary method for acoustic wave scattering and low-Mach number flow-induced sound in complex geometries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mittal, Rajat

    Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, United States a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 24 examples of this is the cabin noise in automobiles associated with external air-flow and another

  19. Higher-order anisotropic flows and dihadron correlations in Pb-Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=2.76$ TeV in a multiphase transport model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jun Xu; Che Ming Ko

    2011-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Using a multiphase transport model that includes both initial partonic and final hadronic scatterings, we have studied higher-order anisotropic flows as well as dihadron correlations as functions of pseudorapidity and azimuthal angular differences between trigger and associated particles in Pb-Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=2.76$ TeV. With parameters in the model determined previously from fitting the measured multiplicity density of mid-pseudorapidity charged particles in central collisions and their elliptic flow in mid-central collisions, the calculated higher-order anisotropic flows from the two-particle cumulant method reproduce approximately those measured by the ALICE Collaboration, except at small centralities where they are slightly overestimated. Similar to experimental results, the two-dimensional dihadron correlations at most central collisions show a ridge structure at the near side and a broad structure at the away side. The short- and long-range dihadron azimuthal correlations, corresponding to small and large pseudorapidity differences, respectively, are studied for triggering particles with different transverse momenta and are found to be qualitatively consistent with experimental results from the CMS Collaboration. The relation between the short-range and long-range dihadron correlations with that induced by back-to-back jet pairs produced from initial hard collisions is also discussed.

  20. Presidential Orders Executive Order 31

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yetisgen-Yildiz, Meliha

    1 Presidential Orders Executive Order 31 Non-discrimination and Affirmative Action 1. Non. As permitted by applicable law, the University will take affirmative action to ensure equality of opportunity

  1. Stochastic models for turbulent reacting flows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kerstein, A. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA (United States)

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this program is to develop and apply stochastic models of various processes occurring within turbulent reacting flows in order to identify the fundamental mechanisms governing these flows, to support experimental studies of these flows, and to further the development of comprehensive turbulent reacting flow models.

  2. Solving the viscous hydrodynamics order by order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jian-Hua Gao; Shi Pu

    2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we propose a method of solving the viscous hydrodynamics order by order in a derivative expansion. In such method, the zero order solution is just the one of the ideal hydrodynamics. All the other higher order corrections satisfy the same first-order partial differential equations but with different inhomogeneous terms. We therefore argue that our method could be easily extended to any orders. The problem of causality and stability will be released if the gradient expansion is guaranteed. This method might be of great help to both theoretical and numerical calculations of relativistic hydrodynamics.

  3. Conjugate flow action functionals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Venturi, Daniele, E-mail: daniele-venturi@brown.edu [Division of Applied Mathematics, Brown University, Rhode Island 02912 (United States)] [Division of Applied Mathematics, Brown University, Rhode Island 02912 (United States)

    2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a new general framework to construct an action functional for a non-potential field theory. The key idea relies on representing the governing equations relative to a diffeomorphic flow of curvilinear coordinates which is assumed to be functionally dependent on the solution field. Such flow, which will be called the conjugate flow, evolves in space and time similarly to a physical fluid flow of classical mechanics and it can be selected in order to symmetrize the Gâteaux derivative of the field equations with respect to suitable local bilinear forms. This is equivalent to requiring that the governing equations of the field theory can be derived from a principle of stationary action on a Lie group manifold. By using a general operator framework, we obtain the determining equations of such manifold and the corresponding conjugate flow action functional. In particular, we study scalar and vector field theories governed by second-order nonlinear partial differential equations. The identification of transformation groups leaving the conjugate flow action functional invariant could lead to the discovery of new conservation laws in fluid dynamics and other disciplines.

  4. Fundamental Thermal Fluid Physics of High Temperature Flows in Advanced Reactor Systems - Nuclear Energy Research Initiative Program Interoffice Work Order (IWO) MSF99-0254 Final Report for Period 1 August 1999 to 31 December 2002

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McEligot, D.M.; Condie, K.G.; Foust, T.D.; McCreery, G.E.; Pink, R.J.; Stacey, D.E. (INEEL); Shenoy, A.; Baccaglini, G. (General Atomics); Pletcher, R.H. (Iowa State U.); Wallace, J.M.; Vukoslavcevic, P. (U. Maryland); Jackson, J.D. (U. Manchester, UK); Kunugi, T. (Kyoto U., Japan); Satake, S.-i. (Tokyo U. Science, Japan)

    2002-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The ultimate goal of the study is the improvement of predictive methods for safety analyses and design of advanced reactors for higher efficiency and enhanced safety and for deployable reactors for electrical power generation, process heat utilization and hydrogen generation. While key applications would be advanced gas-cooled reactors (AGCRs) using the closed Brayton cycle (CBC) for higher efficiency (such as the proposed Gas Turbine - Modular Helium Reactor (GT-MHR) of General Atomics [Neylan and Simon, 1996]), results of the proposed research should also be valuable in reactor systems with supercritical flow or superheated vapors, e.g., steam. Higher efficiency leads to lower cost/kwh and reduces life-cycle impacts of radioactive waste (by reducing waters/kwh). The outcome will also be useful for some space power and propulsion concepts and for some fusion reactor concepts as side benefits, but they are not the thrusts of the investigation. The objective of the project is to provide fundamental thermal fluid physics knowledge and measurements necessary for the development of the improved methods for the applications.

  5. Flow chamber

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Morozov, Victor (Manassas, VA)

    2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A flow chamber having a vacuum chamber and a specimen chamber. The specimen chamber may have an opening through which a fluid may be introduced and an opening through which the fluid may exit. The vacuum chamber may have an opening through which contents of the vacuum chamber may be evacuated. A portion of the flow chamber may be flexible, and a vacuum may be used to hold the components of the flow chamber together.

  6. Geological flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu. N. Bratkov

    2008-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper geology and planetology are considered using new conceptual basis of high-speed flow dynamics. Recent photo technics allow to see all details of a flow, 'cause the flow is static during very short time interval. On the other hand, maps and images of many planets are accessible. Identity of geological flows and high-speed gas dynamics is demonstrated. There is another time scale, and no more. All results, as far as the concept, are new and belong to the author. No formulae, pictures only.

  7. Polymers with increased order

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sawan, Samuel P. (Tyngsborough, MA); Talhi, Abdelhafid (Rochester, MI); Taylor, Craig M. (Jemez Springs, NM)

    1998-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention features polymers with increased order, and methods of making them featuring a dense gas.

  8. O RNL/TM -2000/152 Costs ofO ilD e pe nde nce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    'Surplus in the Domestic Oil Market . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 APPENDIX B: Data Sources­1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Figure 3. World Oil Market Shares, 1998 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 4.1 EMPIRICAL ESTIMATES OF PRICE SLOPES AND ADJUSTMENT RATES OF OIL SUPPLY AND DEMAND

  9. Cooling Flows or Heating Flows?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James Binney

    2003-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    It is now clear that AGN heat cooling flows, largely by driving winds. The winds may contain a relativistic component that generates powerful synchrotron radiation, but it is not clear that all winds do so. The spatial and temporal stability of the AGN/cooling flow interaction are discussed. Collimation of the winds probably provides spatial stability. Temporal stability may be possible only for black holes with masses above a critical value. Both the failure of cooling flows to have adiabatic cores and the existence of X-ray cavities confirm the importance of collimated outflows. I quantify the scale of the convective flow that the AGN Hydra would need to drive if it balanced radiative inward flow by outward flow parallel to the jets. At least in Virgo any such flow must be confined to r<~20 kpc. Hydrodynamical simulations suggest that AGN outbursts cannot last longer than ~25 Myr. Data for four clusters with well studied X-ray cavities suggests that heating associated with cavity formation approximately balances radiative cooling. The role of cosmic infall and the mechanism of filament formation are briefly touched on.

  10. UNIFIED FINITE ELEMENT DISCRETIZATIONS OF COUPLED DARCY-STOKES FLOW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winther, Ragnar

    order elliptic equation derived form Darcy's law in the rest of the domain, and where the solutions. The term "coupled Darcy­Stokes flow" refers to a flow which is governed by the Stokes equations in one part of the domain, while the flow reduces to a standard second order elliptic equation, derived from Darcy's law

  11. Ordered involutive operator spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blecher, David P; Neal, Matthew; Werner, Wend

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a companion to recent papers of the authors; here we construct the `noncommutative Shilov boundary' of a (possibly nonunital) selfadjoint ordered space of Hilbert space operators. The morphisms in the universal property of the boundary preserve order. As an application, we consider `maximal' and `minimal' unitizations of such ordered operator spaces.

  12. IMPRESS CONNECT DOCUMENT ORDERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asaithambi, Asai

    IMPRESS CONNECT DOCUMENT ORDERING USER GUIDE FOR UNF August 2010 #12;OFFICEMAX IMPRESS CONNECT USERMax (case sensitive) Click on "Create New Custom Print Order" under Print & Document Services #12;The first landing page. You will see 3 options across the top of the landing page: Order Jobs, Track Jobs, Manage

  13. Domain decomposition preconditioners for higher-order discontinuous Galerkin discretizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diosady, Laslo Tibor

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aerodynamic flows involve features with a wide range of spatial and temporal scales which need to be resolved in order to accurately predict desired engineering quantities. While computational fluid dynamics (CFD) has ...

  14. Order Acceptance and Scheduling Problem in Two-machine Flow ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Jul 30, 2014 ... We denote the net revenue, i.e., the difference between the revenue ... The net revenue of job i is ..... i , then its net revenue is zero, i.e., ?i = 0.

  15. RETROSPECTIVE: Higher-order control-flow analysis in retrospect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shivers, Olin

    that the SSA revolution in the traditional com- piler community was essentially CPS in another guise [10 there are interesting program analyses and optimisations that require this kind of extra power. CPS as an intermediate representation based on continuation-passing style (CPS). This continued a line of work originating with Steele

  16. Microsoft Word - Wind Industry Work Order Information Flow Survey...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sandia Jame MUIR DAT dust ation ems W a Natio es Parle, Jona 1 TA SYSTEMS try W n Flo Wind E onal La athan Gibson 1042013 S, INC. Wor ow Energy aborato n, Chad Reese rk O Sur y...

  17. Dynamic reduced order modeling of entrained flow gasifiers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monaghan, Rory F. D. (Rory Francis Desmond)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gasification-based energy systems coupled with carbon dioxide capture and storage technologies have the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from continued use of abundant and secure fossil fuels. Dynamic reduced ...

  18. Second-order Schemes for Steady Weakly Compressible Liquid Flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, P. W.

    for erosion in steam turbines. During recovery and exploration of petroleum, quantities extracted depend upon

  19. Development of an Information Flow Mechanism for Commissioning 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miyata, M.; Yoshida, H.; Yoshida, H.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present paper proposes a new information flow mechanism for commissioning and develops tools to make the proposed information flow mechanism feasible. Although many technical tools have been developed in order to reduce the amount of labor...

  20. WAPA-169 Rate Order

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    69 Rate Order Western is proposing adjustments to the Salt Lake City Area Integrated Projects firm power rate and the Colorado River Storage Project Transmission and ancillary...

  1. Directives System Order

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1995-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The order prescribes the process for development of Policy Statements, Orders, Notices, Manuals and Guides, which are intended to guide, inform, and instruct employees in the performance of their jobs, and enable them to work effectively within the Department and with agencies, contractors, and the public.

  2. Structural power flow measurement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Falter, K.J.; Keltie, R.F.

    1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Previous investigations of structural power flow through beam-like structures resulted in some unexplained anomalies in the calculated data. In order to develop structural power flow measurement as a viable technique for machine tool design, the causes of these anomalies needed to be found. Once found, techniques for eliminating the errors could be developed. Error sources were found in the experimental apparatus itself as well as in the instrumentation. Although flexural waves are the carriers of power in the experimental apparatus, at some frequencies longitudinal waves were excited which were picked up by the accelerometers and altered power measurements. Errors were found in the phase and gain response of the sensors and amplifiers used for measurement. A transfer function correction technique was employed to compensate for these instrumentation errors.

  3. Ordered transport and identification of particles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shera, E.B.

    1993-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus are provided for application of electrical field gradients to induce particle velocities to enable particle sequence and identification information to be obtained. Particle sequence is maintained by providing electroosmotic flow for an electrolytic solution in a particle transport tube. The transport tube and electrolytic solution are selected to provide an electroosmotic radius of >100 so that a plug flow profile is obtained for the electrolytic solution in the transport tube. Thus, particles are maintained in the same order in which they are introduced in the transport tube. When the particles also have known electrophoretic velocities, the field gradients introduce an electrophoretic velocity component onto the electroosmotic velocity. The time that the particles pass selected locations along the transport tube may then be detected and the electrophoretic velocity component calculated for particle identification. One particular application is the ordered transport and identification of labeled nucleotides sequentially cleaved from a strand of DNA.

  4. Ordered transport and identification of particles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shera, E. Brooks (Los Alamos, NM)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus are provided for application of electrical field gradients to induce particle velocities to enable particle sequence and identification information to be obtained. Particle sequence is maintained by providing electroosmotic flow for an electrolytic solution in a particle transport tube. The transport tube and electrolytic solution are selected to provide an electroosmotic radius of >100 so that a plug flow profile is obtained for the electrolytic solution in the transport tube. Thus, particles are maintained in the same order in which they are introduced in the transport tube. When the particles also have known electrophoretic velocities, the field gradients introduce an electrophoretic velocity component onto the electroosmotic velocity. The time that the particles pass selected locations along the transport tube may then be detected and the electrophoretic velocity component calculated for particle identification. One particular application is the ordered transport and identification of labeled nucleotides sequentially cleaved from a strand of DNA.

  5. Recurrent flow analysis in spatiotemporally chaotic 2-dimensional Kolmogorov flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dan Lucas; Rich Kerswell

    2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated by recent success in the dynamical systems approach to transitional flow, we study the efficiency and effectiveness of extracting simple invariant sets (recurrent flows) directly from chaotic/turbulent flows and the potential of these sets for providing predictions of certain statistics of the flow. Two-dimensional Kolmogorov flow (the 2D Navier-Stokes equations with a sinusoidal body force) is studied both over a square [0, 2{\\pi}]2 torus and a rectangular torus extended in the forcing direction. In the former case, an order of magnitude more recurrent flows are found than previously (Chandler & Kerswell 2013) and shown to give improved predictions for the dissipation and energy pdfs of the chaos via periodic orbit theory. Over the extended torus at low forcing amplitudes, some extracted states mimick the statistics of the spatially-localised chaos present surprisingly well recalling the striking finding of Kawahara & Kida (2001) in low-Reynolds-number plane Couette flow. At higher forcing amplitudes, however, success is limited highlighting the increased dimensionality of the chaos and the need for larger data sets. Algorithmic developments to improve the extraction procedure are discussed.

  6. Accurate solution algorithms for incompressible multiphase flows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rider, W.J.; Kothe, D.B.; Mosso, S.J.; Cerutti, J.H. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Hochstein, J.I. [Memphis State Univ., TN (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

    1994-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A number of advances in modeling multiphase incompressible flow are described. These advances include high-order Godunov projection methods, piecewise linear interface reconstruction and tracking and the continuum surface force model. Examples are given.

  7. Smoothness monitors for compressible flow computation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sjogreen, B; Yee, H C

    2008-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    In [SY04, YS07] and references cited therein, the authors introduced the concept of employing multiresolution wavelet decomposition of computed flow data as smoothness monitors (flow sensors) to indicate the amount and location of built-in numerical dissipation that can be eliminated or further reduced in shock-capturing schemes. Studies indicated that this approach is able to limit the use of numerical dissipation with improved accuracy compared with standard shock-capturing methods. The studies in [SY04, YS07] were limited to low order multiresolution redundant wavelets with low level supports and low order vanishing moments. The objective of this paper is to expand the previous investigation to include higher order redundant wavelets with larger support and higher order vanishing moments for a wider spectrum of flow type and flow speed applications.

  8. Membrane-less hydrogen bromine flow battery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braff, William A.

    In order for the widely discussed benefits of flow batteries for electrochemical energy storage to be applied at large scale, the cost of the electrochemical stack must come down substantially. One promising avenue for ...

  9. First-Order Differential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mass system depicted in Figure 1.1.2, where, for simplicity, we are ...... The primary aim of this chapter is to study the ?rst-order differential equation d l ftx. y). (1.3.1)

  10. Superconductors with Topological Order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. C. Diamantini; P. Sodano; C. A. Trugenberger

    2005-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a mechanism of superconductivity in which the order of the ground state does not arise from the usual Landau mechanism of spontaneous symmetry breaking but is rather of topological origin. The low-energy effective theory is formulated in terms of emerging gauge fields rather than a local order parameter and the ground state is degenerate on topologically non-trivial manifolds. The simplest example of this mechanism of superconductivty is concretely realized as global superconductivty in Josephson junction arrays.

  11. An arbitrarily high-order, unstructured, free-wake panel solver

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, John Pease, IV

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A high-order panel code capable of solving the potential flow equation about arbitrary curved geometries is presented. A new method for integrating curved, high-order panels using adaptive Gaussian quadrature is detailed. ...

  12. Symmetry and Topological Order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zohar Nussinov; Gerardo Ortiz

    2014-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove sufficient conditions for Topological Quantum Order at both zero and finite temperatures. The crux of the proof hinges on the existence of low-dimensional Gauge-Like Symmetries (that notably extend and differ from standard local gauge symmetries) and their associated defects, thus providing a unifying framework based on a symmetry principle. These symmetries may be actual invariances of the system, or may emerge in the low-energy sector. Prominent examples of Topological Quantum Order display Gauge-Like Symmetries. New systems exhibiting such symmetries include Hamiltonians depicting orbital-dependent spin exchange and Jahn-Teller effects in transition metal orbital compounds, short-range frustrated Klein spin models, and p+ip superconducting arrays. We analyze the physical consequences of Gauge-Like Symmetries (including topological terms and charges), discuss associated braiding, and show the insufficiency of the energy spectrum, topological entanglement entropy, maximal string correlators, and fractionalization in establishing Topological Quantum Order. General symmetry considerations illustrate that not withstanding spectral gaps, thermal fluctuations may impose restrictions on certain suggested quantum computing schemes and lead to "thermal fragility". Our results allow us to go beyond standard topological field theories and engineer systems with Topological Quantum Order.

  13. Available transfer capability and first order sensitivity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gravener, M.H. [PJM Interconnection, L.L.C., Valley Forge, PA (United States)] [PJM Interconnection, L.L.C., Valley Forge, PA (United States); Nwankpa, C. [Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States)] [Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States)

    1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of calculating Available Transfer Capability and the exploration of the first order effects of certain power system network variables are described. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission has ordered that bulk electrical control areas must provide to market participants a ``commercially viable`` network transfer capability for the import, export, and through-put of energy. A practical method for deriving this transfer capability utilizing both linear and non-linear power flow analysis methods is developed that acknowledges both thermal and voltage system limitations. The Available Transfer Capability is the incremental transfer capability derived by the method reduced by margins. A procedure for quantifying the first order effect of network uncertainties such as load forecast error and simultaneous transfers on the calculated transfer capability of a power system snapshot are explored. The quantification of these network uncertainties can provide information necessary for system operation, planning, and energy market participation.

  14. A survey of air flow models for multizone structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feustel, H.E.; Dieris, J.

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Air flow models are used to simulate the rates of incoming and outgoing air flows for a building with known leakage under given weather and shielding conditions. Additional information about the flow paths and air-mass flows inside the building can only by using multizone air flow models. In order to obtain more information on multizone air flow models, a literature review was performed in 1984. A second literature review and a questionnaire survey performed in 1989, revealed the existence of 50 multizone air flow models, all developed since 1966, two of which are still under development. All these programs use similar flow equations for crack flow but differ in the versatility to describe the full range of flow phenomena and the algorithm provided for solving the set of nonlinear equations. This literature review was found that newer models are able to describe and simulate the ventilation systems and interrelation of mechanical and natural ventilation. 27 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

  15. Development of a model to predict flow oscillations in low-flow sodium boiling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levin, Alan Edward

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An experimental and analytical program has been carried out in order to better understand the cause and effect of flow oscillations in boiling sodium systems. These oscillations have been noted in previous experiments with ...

  16. Low volume flow meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Meixler, Lewis D. (East Windsor, NJ)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The low flow monitor provides a means for determining if a fluid flow meets a minimum threshold level of flow. The low flow monitor operates with a minimum of intrusion by the flow detection device into the flow. The electrical portion of the monitor is externally located with respect to the fluid stream which allows for repairs to the monitor without disrupting the flow. The electronics provide for the adjustment of the threshold level to meet the required conditions. The apparatus can be modified to provide an upper limit to the flow monitor by providing for a parallel electronic circuit which provides for a bracketing of the desired flow rate.

  17. Shock Capturing with PDE-Based Artificial Viscosity for an Adaptive, Higher-Order Discontinuous Galerkin Finite Element Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barter, Garrett Ehud

    The accurate simulation of supersonic and hypersonic flows is well suited to higher-order (p > 1), adaptive computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Since these cases involve flow velocities greater than the speed of sound, an ...

  18. Shock capturing with PDE-based artificial viscosity for an adaptive, higher-order discontinuous Galerkin finite element method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barter, Garrett E. (Garrett Ehud), 1979-

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The accurate simulation of supersonic and hypersonic flows is well suited to higher-order (p > 1), adaptive computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Since these cases involve flow velocities greater than the speed of sound, an ...

  19. Cumulant expansions for atmospheric flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ait-Chaalal, Farid; Meyer, Bettina; Marston, J B

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The equations governing atmospheric flows are nonlinear, and consequently the hierarchy of cumulant equations is not closed. But because atmospheric flows are inhomogeneous and anisotropic, the nonlinearity may manifests itself only weakly through interactions of mean fields with disturbances such as thermals or eddies. In such situations, truncations of the hierarchy of cumulant equations hold promise as a closure strategy. We review how truncations at second order can be used to model and elucidate the dynamics of turbulent atmospheric flows. Two examples are considered. First, we study the growth of a dry convective boundary layer, which is heated from below, leading to turbulent upward energy transport and growth of the boundary layer. We demonstrate that a quasilinear truncation of the equations of motion, in which interactions of disturbances among each other are neglected but interactions with mean fields are taken into account, can successfully capture the growth of the convective boundary layer. Seco...

  20. Bacteria in shear flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcos, Ph.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bacteria are ubiquitous and play a critical role in many contexts. Their environment is nearly always dynamic due to the prevalence of fluid flow: creeping flow in soil, highly sheared flow in bodily conduits, and turbulent ...

  1. Dispersed flow film boiling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoder, Graydon L.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dispersed flow consists of small liquid droplets entrained in a flowing vapor. This flow regime can occur in cryogenic equipment, in steam generators, and during nuclear reactor loss of coolant accidents. A theoretical ...

  2. Multiphase flow calculation software

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fincke, James R. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2003-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Multiphase flow calculation software and computer-readable media carrying computer executable instructions for calculating liquid and gas phase mass flow rates of high void fraction multiphase flows. The multiphase flow calculation software employs various given, or experimentally determined, parameters in conjunction with a plurality of pressure differentials of a multiphase flow, preferably supplied by a differential pressure flowmeter or the like, to determine liquid and gas phase mass flow rates of the high void fraction multiphase flows. Embodiments of the multiphase flow calculation software are suitable for use in a variety of applications, including real-time management and control of an object system.

  3. Higher--Order Lagrangian Perturbation Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Buchert

    1994-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Fundamental assumptions which form the basis of models for large-scale structure in the Universe are sketched in light of a Lagrangian description of inhomogeneities. This description is introduced for Newtonian self-gravitating flows. On its basis a Lagrangian perturbation approach is discussed and compared with the standard Eulerian theory of gravitational instability. The performance of Lagrangian perturbation solutions up to the third order is demonstrated in comparison with numerical N-body simulations. First results of this comparison are presented for large scales (PM-code) and for small scales (tree-code).

  4. Freshwater Flow Charts - 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaiper, G V

    2003-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This report covers the following: (1) Explanation of Charts Showing Freshwater Flow in 1995; (2) Estimated U.S. Freshwater Flow in 1995 (chart); (3) Estimated California Freshwater Flow in 1995 (chart); (4) Estimated New Mexico Freshwater Flow in 1995 (chart); and (5) Web locations and credits.

  5. Portable wastewater flow meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hunter, Robert M. (320 S. Wilson Ave., Bozeman, MT 59715)

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A portable wastewater flow meter particularly adapted for temporary use at a single location in measuring the rate of liquid flow in a circular entrance conduit of a sewer manhole both under free flow and submerged, open channel conditions and under full pipe, surcharged conditions, comprising an apparatus having a cylindrical external surface and an inner surface that constricts the flow through the apparatus in such a manner that a relationship exists between (1) the difference between the static pressure head of liquid flowing through the entrance of the apparatus and the static pressure head of liquid flowing through the constriction, and (2) the rate of liquid flow through the apparatus.

  6. Portable wastewater flow meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hunter, Robert M. (320 S. Wilson Ave., Bozeman, MT 59715)

    1999-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A portable wastewater flow meter particularly adapted for temporary use at a single location in measuring the rate of liquid flow in a circular entrance conduit of a sewer manhole both under free flow and submerged, open channel conditions and under fill pipe, surcharged conditions, comprising an apparatus having a cylindrical external surface and an inner surface that constricts the flow through the apparatus in such a manner that a relationship exists between (1) the difference between the static pressure head of liquid flowing through the entrance of the apparatus and the static pressure head of liquid flowing through the constriction, and (2) the rate of liquid flow through the apparatus.

  7. DFSP - a data flow signal processor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartimo, I.; Simula, O.; Skytta, J.; Kronlof, K.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The concept of data flow computing is applied to digital signal processing (DSP). A data flow signal processor (DFSP) architecture is presented. The principles of data flow computing are carefully considered in order to conform with the special properties of DSP. The bus oriented architecture is easily configured to meet various performance requirements. The DFSP architecture is most suitable for nonrecursive algorithms. Typical tasks of this nature are transforms and FIR filters. A simulation model of the DFSP architecture has been developed. Simulation results of two application examples are given. 24 references.

  8. DNS of flow past a stationary and oscillating cylinder at Re ¼ 10 000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Keywords: Flow structure interaction; Vortex induced vibration; Cylinder flow; High ... methods, and low-order upwind schemes are observed to fail to predict several .... overhead and enables the applications to scale to a large number of ...

  9. A point of order 8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Semjon Adlaj

    2011-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A formula expressing a point of order 8 on an elliptic curve, in terms of the roots of the associated cubic polynomial, is given. Doubling such a point yields a point of order 4 distinct from the well-known points of order 4 given in standard references such as "A course of Modern Analysis" by Whittaker and Watson.

  10. K-inflationary power spectra at second order

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin, Jérôme; Vennin, Vincent [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR 7095-CNRS, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 98bis boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris (France); Ringeval, Christophe, E-mail: jmartin@iap.fr, E-mail: christophe.ringeval@uclouvain.be, E-mail: vennin@iap.fr [Centre for Cosmology, Particle Physics and Phenomenology, Institute of Mathematics and Physics, Louvain University, 2 Chemin du Cyclotron, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium)

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Within the class of inflationary models, k-inflation represents the most general single field framework that can be associated with an effective quadratic action for the curvature perturbations and a varying speed of sound. The incoming flow of high-precision cosmological data, such as those from the Planck satellite and small scale Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) experiments, calls for greater accuracy in the inflationary predictions. In this work, we calculate for the first time the next-to-next-to-leading order scalar and tensor primordial power spectra in k-inflation needed in order to obtain robust constraints on the inflationary theory. The method used is the uniform approximation together with a second order expansion in the Hubble and sound flow functions. Our result is checked in various limits in which it reduces to already known situations.

  11. Ultrasonic flow metering system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gomm, Tyler J. (Meridian, ID); Kraft, Nancy C. (Idaho Falls, ID); Mauseth, Jason A. (Pocatello, ID); Phelps, Larry D. (Pocatello, ID); Taylor, Steven C. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A system for determining the density, flow velocity, and mass flow of a fluid comprising at least one sing-around circuit that determines the velocity of a signal in the fluid and that is correlatable to a database for the fluid. A system for determining flow velocity uses two of the inventive circuits with directional transmitters and receivers, one of which is set at an angle to the direction of flow that is different from the others.

  12. Elbow mass flow meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McFarland, Andrew R. (College Station, TX); Rodgers, John C. (Santa Fe, NM); Ortiz, Carlos A. (Bryan, TX); Nelson, David C. (Santa Fe, NM)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Elbow mass flow meter. The present invention includes a combination of an elbow pressure drop generator and a shunt-type mass flow sensor for providing an output which gives the mass flow rate of a gas that is nearly independent of the density of the gas. For air, the output is also approximately independent of humidity.

  13. Parallel-Flow-Shear Driven Low-Frequency Plasma Instability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ishiguro, Seiji [Theory and Computer Simulation Center, National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki-shi, Gifu 509-5292 (Japan); Matsumoto, Noriaki; Kaneko, Toshiro; Hatakeyama, Rikizo [Department of Electronic Engineering, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8579 (Japan)

    2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Full three dimensional Particle-in-Cell (PIC) simulations are performed in order to investigate effects of field-aligned (parallel) ion flow shears on low-frequency plasma instabilities. It is shown that the parallel ion flow velocity shear can induce the ion-acoustic instability, even when the ion flow velocity is so small that the instability can not take place. Simulation results are consistent with the analysis based on the local theory.

  14. SINGULARITIES IN HELESHAW FLOWS DRIVEN BY A MULTIPOLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nie, Qing

    SINGULARITIES IN HELE­SHAW FLOWS DRIVEN BY A MULTIPOLE QING NIE AND FEI-RAN TIAN SIAM J. APPL. MATH, analytically and numerically, singularity formation in an interface flow driven by a multipole for a two in the case of a dipole. For a multipole of a higher order, we show that the solution does not tend to any

  15. Method and apparatus for controlling fluid flow

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Miller, J.R.

    1980-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus for precisely controlling the rate (and hence amount) of fluid flow are given. The controlled flow rate is finely adjustable, can be extremely small (on the order of microliter-atmospheres per second), can be adjusted to zero (flow stopped), and is stable to better than 1% with time. The dead volume of the valve can be made arbitrarily small, in fact essentially zero. The valve employs no wearing mechanical parts (including springs, stems, or seals). The valve is finely adjustable, has a flow rate dynamic range of many decades, can be made compatible with any fluid, and is suitable for incorporation into an open or closed loop servo-control system.

  16. Lateral flow strip assay

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Miles, Robin R. (Danville, CA); Benett, William J. (Livermore, CA); Coleman, Matthew A. (Oakland, CA); Pearson, Francesca S. (Livermore, CA); Nasarabadi, Shanavaz L. (Livermore, CA)

    2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A lateral flow strip assay apparatus comprising a housing; a lateral flow strip in the housing, the lateral flow strip having a receiving portion; a sample collection unit; and a reagent reservoir. Saliva and/or buccal cells are collected from an individual using the sample collection unit. The sample collection unit is immersed in the reagent reservoir. The tip of the lateral flow strip is immersed in the reservoir and the reagent/sample mixture wicks up into the lateral flow strip to perform the assay.

  17. ORDER

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire3627 FederalTransformers |OJT!LSU/CAMD ProcedureNA Lthe

  18. Two-Phase Flow Pressure Drop of High Quality Steam

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtis, J. M.; Coffield, R. D.

    2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two-phase pressure drop across a straight test pipe was experimentally determined for high Reynolds (Re) number steam flow for a flow quality range of 0.995 to 1.0. The testing described has been performed in order to reduce uncertainties associated with the effects of two-phase flow on pressure drop. Two-phase flow develops in steam piping because a small fraction of the steam flow condenses due to heat loss to the surroundings. There has been very limited two-phase pressure drop data in open literature for the tested flow quality range. The two-phase pressure drop data obtained in this test has enabled development of a correlation between friction factor, Reynolds number, and flow quality.

  19. Chimera order in spin systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajeev Singh; Subinay Dasgupta; Sitabhra Sinha

    2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Homogeneous populations of oscillators have recently been shown to exhibit stable coexistence of coherent and incoherent regions. Generalizing the concept of chimera states to the context of order-disorder transition in systems at thermal equilibrium, we show analytically that such complex ordering can appear in a system of Ising spins, possibly the simplest physical system exhibiting this phenomenon. We also show numerically the existence of chimera ordering in 3-dimensional spin systems that model layered magnetic materials, suggesting possible means of experimentally observing such states.

  20. Complex higher order derivative theories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Margalli, Carlos A.; Vergara, J. David [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 70-543, Mexico 04510 DF (Mexico)

    2012-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work is considered a complex scalar field theory with higher order derivative terms and interactions. A procedure is developed to quantize consistently this system avoiding the presence of negative norm states. In order to achieve this goal the original real scalar high order field theory is extended to a complex space attaching a complex total derivative to the theory. Next, by imposing reality conditions the complex theory is mapped to a pair of interacting real scalar field theories without the presence of higher derivative terms.

  1. Turbulent flow in graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar S. Gupta; Siddhartha Sen

    2010-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate the possibility of a turbulent flow of electrons in graphene in the hydrodynamic region, by calculating the corresponding turbulent probability density function. This is used to calculate the contribution of the turbulent flow to the conductivity within a quantum Boltzmann approach. The dependence of the conductivity on the system parameters arising from the turbulent flow is very different from that due to scattering.

  2. BSH: Order (2013-CE-2001)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered BSH Home Appliances Corp. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding BSH had failed to certify that certain models of residential clothes washers comply with the applicable energy/water conservation standards.

  3. VMI vs. order based fulfillment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Victoria W

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, two inventory fulfillment methods are compared by evaluating the vendor managed inventory (VMI) fulfillment against the current order based fulfillment. Several forms of adaptation to VMI are described. The ...

  4. TMP: Order (2013-CE-5334)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered TMP Manufacturing Company, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding TMP had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  5. Keystone: Order (2013-CE-2601)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Keystone Technologies, LLC to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Keystone had failed to certify that certain models of fluorescent lamp ballasts comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  6. Angular Ordering in Gluon Radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jong B. Choi; Byeong S. Choi; Su K. Lee

    2002-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The assumption of angular ordering in gluon radiation is essential to obtain quantitative results concerning gluonic behaviors. In order to prove the validity of this assumption, we have applied our momentum space flux-tube formalism to check out the angular dependences of gluon radiation. We have calculated the probability amplitudes to get new gluon, and have found that the new gluon is generally expected to have the maximum amplitude when it is produced between the momentum directions of the last two partons.

  7. Non-Linear Petrov-Galerkin Methods for Reduced Order Hyperbolic Equations and Discontinuous Finite Element

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navon, Michael

    , Reduced order modelling, Shock wave. 1. Introduction Reduced Order Model (ROM) technology is a rapidly to extract a set of modes characteristic of the database which constitutes the optimal basis energy of the flow. The leading POD modes are not able to dissipate enough energy since the main amount

  8. Equal-order finite elements with local projection stabilization for the Darcy-Brinkman equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schieweck, Friedhelm

    Equal-order finite elements with local projection stabilization for the Darcy-Brinkman equations M. Braack and F. Schieweck Mai 2010 Abstract For the Darcy-Brinkman equations, which model porous media: Porous media flow, Darcy-Brinkman equations, Stokes, equal-order finite elements, local projection

  9. Microelectromechanical flow control apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Okandan, Murat (NE Albuquerque, NM)

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A microelectromechanical (MEM) flow control apparatus is disclosed which includes a fluid channel formed on a substrate from a first layer of a nonconducting material (e.g. silicon nitride). A first electrode is provided on the first layer of the nonconducting material outside the flow channel; and a second electrode is located on a second layer of the nonconducting material above the first layer. A voltage applied between the first and second electrodes deforms the fluid channel to increase its cross-sectional size and thereby increase a flow of a fluid through the channel. In certain embodiments of the present invention, the fluid flow can be decreased or stopped by applying a voltage between the first electrode and the substrate. A peristaltic pumping of the fluid through the channel is also possible when the voltage is applied in turn between a plurality of first electrodes and the substrate. A MEM flow control assembly can also be formed by providing one or more MEM flow control devices on a common substrate together with a submicron filter. The MEM flow control assembly can optionally include a plurality of pressure sensors for monitoring fluid pressure and determining flow rates through the assembly.

  10. International Refrigeration: Order (2012-CE-1510) | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    International Refrigeration: Order (2012-CE-1510) International Refrigeration: Order (2012-CE-1510) July 20, 2012 DOE ordered International Refrigeration Products to pay an 8,000...

  11. Real-time planar flow velocity measurements using an optical flow algorithm implemented on GPU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gautier, N

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a high speed implementation of an optical flow algorithm which computes planar velocity fields in an experimental flow. Real-time computation of the flow velocity field allows the experimentalist to have instantaneous access to quantitative features of the flow. This can be very useful in many situations: fast evaluation of the performances and characteristics of a new setup, design optimization, easier and faster parametric studies, etc. It can also be a valuable measurement tool for closed-loop flow control experiments where fast estimation of the state of the flow is needed. The algorithm is implemented on a Graphics Processing Unit (GPU). The accuracy of the computation is shown. Computation speed and scalability are highlighted along with guidelines for further improvements. The system architecture is flexible, scalable and can be adapted on the fly in order to process higher resolutions or achieve higher precision. The set-up is applied on a Backward-Facing Step (BFS) flow in a hydro...

  12. A hybrid Eulerian-Lagrangian flow solver

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palha, Artur; Ferreira, Carlos Simao; van Bussel, Gerard

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, Eulerian flow solvers are very efficient in accurately resolving flow structures near solid boundaries. On the other hand, they tend to be diffusive and to dampen high-intensity vortical structures after a short distance away from solid boundaries. The use of high order methods and fine grids, although alleviating this problem, gives rise to large systems of equations that are expensive to solve. Lagrangian solvers, as the regularized vortex particle method, have shown to eliminate (in practice) the diffusion in the wake. As a drawback, the modelling of solid boundaries is less accurate, more complex and costly than with Eulerian solvers (due to the isotropy of its computational elements). Given the drawbacks and advantages of both Eulerian and Lagrangian solvers the combination of both methods, giving rise to a hybrid solver, is advantageous. The main idea behind the hybrid solver presented is the following. In a region close to solid boundaries the flow is solved with an Eulerian solver, where th...

  13. Octupolar order in two dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Epifanio G. Virga

    2015-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Octupolar order is described in two space dimensions in terms of the maxima (and conjugated minima) of the probability density associated with a third-rank, fully symmetric and traceless tensor. Such a representation is shown to be equivalent to diagonalizing the relevant third-rank tensor, an equivalence which however is only valid in the two-dimensional case.

  14. Watermark: Order (2011-SW-2908)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Watermark Designs, Ltd. to pay a $4,200 civil penalty after finding Watermark Designs, Ltd. had manufactured and distributed in commerce in the U.S. sixty-three units of basic model SH-FAL90, a noncompliant showerhead.

  15. Executive Order 1083 Attachment C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Rev 2/2013 Executive Order 1083 Attachment C California Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting Act Penal, an administrator, or an employee of a licensed community care or child day care facility. (11) A Head Start program in Section 11165.11. (13) A public assistance worker. (14) An employee of a child care institution, including

  16. Executive Order 1083 Attachment C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eirinaki, Magdalini

    Executive Order 1083 Attachment C California Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting Act Penal Code, an administrator, or an employee of a licensed community care or child day care facility. (11) A Head Start program in Section 11165.11. (13) A public assistance worker. (14) An employee of a child care institution, including

  17. Magnetically stimulated fluid flow patterns

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Martin, Jim; Solis, Kyle

    2014-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Sandia National Laboratories' Jim Martin and Kyle Solis explain research on the effects of magnetic fields on fluid flows and how they stimulate vigorous flows. Fluid flow is a necessary phenomenon in everything from reactors to cooling engines in cars.

  18. Magnetically stimulated fluid flow patterns

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin, Jim; Solis, Kyle

    2014-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Sandia National Laboratories' Jim Martin and Kyle Solis explain research on the effects of magnetic fields on fluid flows and how they stimulate vigorous flows. Fluid flow is a necessary phenomenon in everything from reactors to cooling engines in cars.

  19. Flow Effects on Jet Energy Loss with Detailed Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luan Cheng; Jia Liu; Enke Wang

    2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In the presence of collective flow a new model potential describing the interaction of the hard jet with scattering centers is derived based on the static color-screened Yukawa potential. The flow effect on jet quenching with detailed balance is investigated in pQCD. It turns out, considering the collective flow with velocity $v_z$ along the jet direction, the collective flow decreases the LPM destructive interference comparing to that in the static medium. The gluon absorption plays a more important role in the moving medium. The collective flow increases the energy gain from gluon absorption, however, decreases the energy loss from gluon radiation, which is $(1 - v_z )$ times as that in the static medium to the first order of opacity. In the presence of collective flow, the second order in opacity correction is relatively small compared to the first order. So that the total effective energy loss is decreased. The flow dependence of the energy loss will affect the suppression of high $p_T$ hadron spectrum and anisotropy parameter $v_2$ in high-energy heavy-ion collisions.

  20. Atomic Ordering Enhanced Electrocatalytic Activity of Nanoalloys...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ordering Enhanced Electrocatalytic Activity of Nanoalloys for Oxygen Reduction Reaction. Atomic Ordering Enhanced Electrocatalytic Activity of Nanoalloys for Oxygen Reduction...

  1. Flow cytometer jet monitor system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Van den Engh, Ger (Seattle, WA)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A direct jet monitor illuminates the jet of a flow cytometer in a monitor wavelength band which is substantially separate from the substance wavelength band. When a laser is used to cause fluorescence of the substance, it may be appropriate to use an infrared source to illuminate the jet and thus optically monitor the conditions within the jet through a CCD camera or the like. This optical monitoring may be provided to some type of controller or feedback system which automatically changes either the horizontal location of the jet, the point at which droplet separation occurs, or some other condition within the jet in order to maintain optimum conditions. The direct jet monitor may be operated simultaneously with the substance property sensing and analysis system so that continuous monitoring may be achieved without interfering with the substance data gathering and may be configured so as to allow the front of the analysis or free fall area to be unobstructed during processing.

  2. Parallel flow diffusion battery

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yeh, H.C.; Cheng, Y.S.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A parallel flow diffusion battery for determining the mass distribution of an aerosol has a plurality of diffusion cells mounted in parallel to an aerosol stream, each diffusion cell including a stack of mesh wire screens of different density.

  3. Optical flow switching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Vincent W. S.

    Present-day networks are being challenged by dramatic increases in bandwidth demand of emerging applications. We will explore a new transport, ldquooptical flow switchingrdquo, that will enable significant growth and ...

  4. Olefin Autoxidation in Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neuenschwander, Ulrich

    Handling hazardous multiphase reactions in flow brings not only safety advantages but also significantly improved performance, due to better mass transfer characteristics. In this paper, we present a continuous microreactor ...

  5. Perturbative Gadgets at Arbitrary Orders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephen P. Jordan; Edward Farhi

    2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Adiabatic quantum algorithms are often most easily formulated using many-body interactions. However, experimentally available interactions are generally two-body. In 2004, Kempe, Kitaev, and Regev introduced perturbative gadgets, by which arbitrary three-body effective interactions can be obtained using Hamiltonians consisting only of two-body interactions. These three-body effective interactions arise from the third order in perturbation theory. Since their introduction, perturbative gadgets have become a standard tool in the theory of quantum computation. Here we construct generalized gadgets so that one can directly obtain arbitrary k-body effective interactions from two-body Hamiltonians. These effective interactions arise from the kth order in perturbation theory.

  6. Orderly Spectra from Random Interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, C.W. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803-4001 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803-4001 (United States); Bertsch, G.F. [Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)] [Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Dean, D.J.; Dean, D.J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States) [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803-4001 (United States)

    1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the low-lying spectra of many-body systems with random two-body interactions, specifying that the ensemble be invariant under particle-hole conjugation. Surprisingly we find patterns reminiscent of more orderly interactions, such as a predominance of J=0 ground states separated by a gap from the excited states, and evidence of phonon vibrations in the low-lying spectra. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

  7. Section 13: Flow control 1 Section 13: Flow control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kohlenbach, Ulrich

    Geometries for Energyefficient Flow Around Bodies Abstract 14:30 ­ 14:50: Elfriede Friedmann (Universität

  8. Energy Flow Energy Flow Energy Flow A.Ukleja, T.Tymieniecka, I.Skillicorn 1 Azimuthal asymmetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Flow Energy Flow Energy Flow A.Ukleja, T.Tymieniecka, I.Skillicorn 1 Azimuthal asymmetry using energy flow method Azimuthal angle distribution at Q2 >100 GeV2 Energy flow method.Ukleja on behalf of the ZEUS Collaboration #12; Energy Flow Energy Flow Energy Flow A.Ukleja, T.Tymieniecka, I

  9. Computation of Normal Shocks Running into a Cloud of Particles using a High-Order Particle-Source-in-Cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobs, Gustaaf "Guus"

    Computation of Normal Shocks Running into a Cloud of Particles using a High-Order Particle are studied with bronze particle cloud in the accelerated flow behind a running shock. The forty thousands particle clouds are arranged initially in a rectangular, triangular and circular shape. The flows

  10. Public Order and Safety Buildings

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousand CubicCubic Feet) Yeara 436 EnergyAssemblyOrder and

  11. Reduced order modeling of fluid/structure interaction.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barone, Matthew Franklin; Kalashnikova, Irina; Segalman, Daniel Joseph; Brake, Matthew Robert

    2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes work performed from October 2007 through September 2009 under the Sandia Laboratory Directed Research and Development project titled 'Reduced Order Modeling of Fluid/Structure Interaction.' This project addresses fundamental aspects of techniques for construction of predictive Reduced Order Models (ROMs). A ROM is defined as a model, derived from a sequence of high-fidelity simulations, that preserves the essential physics and predictive capability of the original simulations but at a much lower computational cost. Techniques are developed for construction of provably stable linear Galerkin projection ROMs for compressible fluid flow, including a method for enforcing boundary conditions that preserves numerical stability. A convergence proof and error estimates are given for this class of ROM, and the method is demonstrated on a series of model problems. A reduced order method, based on the method of quadratic components, for solving the von Karman nonlinear plate equations is developed and tested. This method is applied to the problem of nonlinear limit cycle oscillations encountered when the plate interacts with an adjacent supersonic flow. A stability-preserving method for coupling the linear fluid ROM with the structural dynamics model for the elastic plate is constructed and tested. Methods for constructing efficient ROMs for nonlinear fluid equations are developed and tested on a one-dimensional convection-diffusion-reaction equation. These methods are combined with a symmetrization approach to construct a ROM technique for application to the compressible Navier-Stokes equations.

  12. Marketing Milk Under Federal Orders in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stelly, Randall

    1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ............ .. ............................... Administration Expenses ................................................... ' Procedure for Establishing Federal Orders ..................... Order Changes .............................................................. , Order Termination...ITIN 959 JULY 1960 llarketinff Milk un er Federal Orders in Texas order ZAIm includes Beckman county, Oklahoma. 3Also includes eight counties in Oklahoma. TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION R. D. LEWIS, DIRECTOR. COLLEGE STATION, TEXAS...

  13. Interplay between geometry and flow distribution in an airway tree

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mauroy, B; Sapoval, B

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Uniform fluid flow distribution in a symmetric volume can be realized through a symmetric branched tree. It is shown here, however, that the flow partitioning can be highly sensitive to deviations from exact symmetry if inertial effects are present. This is found by direct numerical simulation of the Navier-Stokes equations in a 3D tree geometry. The flow asymmetry is quantified and found to depend on the Reynolds number. Moreover, for a given Reynolds number, we show that the flow distribution depends on the aspect ratio of the branching elements as well as their angular arrangement. Our results indicate that physiological variability should be severely restricted in order to ensure uniform fluid distribution in a tree. This study suggests that any non-uniformity in the air flow distribution in human lungs should be influenced by the respiratory conditions, rest or hard exercise.

  14. Fast-flowing outlet glaciers on Svalbard ice caps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dowdeswell, J.A. (Univ. of Cambridge (England)); Collin, R.L. (University College of Wales, Aberystwyth (England))

    1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Four well-defined outlet glaciers are present on the 2510 km{sup 2} cap of Vestfonna in Nordaustlandet, Svalbard. Airborne radio echo sounding and aerial-photograph and satellite-image analysis methods are used to analyze the morphology and dynamics of the ice cap and its component outlet glaciers. The heavily crevassed outlets form linear depressions in the ice-cap surface and flow an order of magnitude faster than the ridges of uncrevassed ice between them. Ice flow on the ridges is accounted for by internal deformation alone, whereas rates of outlet glacier flow require basal motion. One outlet has recently switched into and out of a faster mode of flow. Rapid terminal advance, a change from longitudinal compression to tension, and thinning in the upper basin indicate surge behavior. Observed outlet glacier discharge is significantly greater than current inputs of mass of the ice cap, indicating that present rates of flow cannot be sustained under the contemporary climate.

  15. Piezoelectric axial flow microvalve

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gemmen, Randall; Thornton, Jimmy; Vipperman, Jeffrey S.; Clark, William W.

    2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention is directed to a fuel cell operable with a quantity of fuel and a quantity of an oxidizer to produce electrical power, the fuel cell including a fuel cell body including a labyrinth system structured to permit the fuel and the oxidizer to flow therethrough; at least a first catalyst in fluid communication with the labyrinth; and at least a first microvalve operably disposed within at least a portion of the labyrinth. The microvalve utilizes a deflectable member operable upon the application of a voltage from a voltage source. The microvalve includes an elongated flow channel formed therein and extending substantially longitudinally between the first and second ends to permit substantially longitudinal flow of the fluid therethrough and between the first and second ends; and the deflectable member disposed on the valve body, the deflectable member including at least a first piezoelectric portion that is piezoelectrically operable to deflect the deflectable member between an open position and a closed position upon the application of a voltage, the deflectable member in the closed position being operable to resist the flow of the fluid through the flow channel.

  16. Second order adaptive boundary conditions for exterior flow problems: non-symmetric stationary flows in two dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    called "artificial boundary conditions" to replace the boundary conditions at infinity. To solve this problem we construct -- by combining results from dynamical systems theory with matched asymptotic field depending explicitly on drag and lift and describing the solution to second and dominant third

  17. Gaseous Flows in Galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Combes

    2007-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The gas component plays a major role in the dynamics of spiral galaxies, because of its dissipative character, and its ability to exchange angular momentum with stars in the disk. Due to its small velocity dispersion, it triggers gravitational instabilities, and the corresponding non-axisymmetric patterns produce gravity torques, which mediate these angular momentum exchanges. When a srong bar pattern develops with the same pattern speed all over the disk, only gas inside corotation can flow towards the center. But strong bars are not long lived in presence of gas, and multiple-speed spiral patterns can develop between bar phases, and help the galaxy to accrete external gas flowing from cosmic filaments. The gas is then intermittently driven to the galaxy center, to form nuclear starbursts and fuel an active nucleus. The various time-scales of these gaseous flows are described.

  18. Multiphase cooling flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter A. Thomas

    1996-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    I discuss the multiphase nature of the intracluster medium whose neglect can lead to overestimates of the baryon fraction of clusters by up to a factor of two. The multiphase form of the cooling flow equations are derived and reduced to a simple form for a wide class of self-similar density distributions. It is shown that steady-state cooling flows are \\emph{not} consistent with all possible emissivity profiles which can therefore be used as a test of the theory. In combination, they provide strong constraints on the mass distribution within the cooling radius.

  19. Robust adaptive high-order RANS methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kudo, Jun, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ability to achieve accurate predictions of turbulent flow over arbitrarily complex geometries proves critical in the advancement of aerospace design. However, quantitatively accurate results from modern Computational ...

  20. Confetti Ordering by Polymer Brushes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galen T. Pickett

    2015-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    I consider the ordering of dilute platelet additives when incorporated into an end-grafted polymer brush. The competition between wetting interactions and the anisotropic stress environment of the interior of the brush causes these platelet additives to either remain suspended at the outer edge of the brush laying flat against the brush surface (as bits of confetti at rest on the ground), or to invade the interior of the brush in which case the platelets stand end-on and in some cases protrude above the outer edge of the brush. The orientation of the additives is controlled by the ratio of the diameter of the additive to the thickness of the bare brush, as well as the ratio of solvent-monomer and solvent-platelet interactions.

  1. Executive Order 13423: Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    text of Executive Order 13423: Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management. eo13423.pdf More Documents & Publications Executive Order 13423-...

  2. Flow cytometry apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pinkel, Daniel (Walnut Creek, CA)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An obstruction across the flow chamber creates a one dimensional convergence of a sheath fluid. A passageway in the construction directs flat cells near to the area of one dimensional convergence in the sheath fluid to provide proper orientation of flat cells at fast rates.

  3. AGN and Cooling Flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James Binney

    2001-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

    For two decades the steady-state cooling-flow model has dominated the literature of cluster and elliptical-galaxy X-ray sources. For ten years this model has been in severe difficulty from a theoretical point of view, and it is now coming under increasing pressure observationally. For two decades the steady-state cooling-flow model has dominated the literature of cluster and elliptical-galaxy X-ray sources. For ten years this model has been in severe difficulty from a theoretical point of view, and it is now coming under increasing pressure observationally. A small number of enthusiasts have argued for a radically different interpretation of the data, but had little impact on prevailing opinion because the unsteady heating picture that they advocate is extremely hard to work out in detail. Here I explain why it is difficult to extract robust observational predictions from the heating picture. Major problems include the variability of the sources, the different ways in which a bi-polar flow can impact on X-ray emission, the weakness of synchrotron emission from sub-relativistic flows, and the sensitivity of synchrotron emission to a magnetic field that is probably highly localized.

  4. A void distribution model-flashing flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riznic, J.; Ishii, M.; Afgan, N.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new model for flashing flow based on wall nucleations is proposed here and the model predictions are compared with some experimental data. In order to calculate the bubble number density, the bubble number transport equation with a distributed source from the wall nucleation sites was used. Thus it was possible to avoid the usual assumption of a constant bubble number density. Comparisons of the model with the data shows that the model based on the nucleation site density correlation appears to be acceptable to describe the vapor generation in the flashing flow. For the limited data examined, the comparisons show rather satisfactory agreement without using a floating parameter to adjust the model. This result indicated that, at least for the experimental conditions considered here, the mechanistic predictions of the flashing phenomenon is possible on the present wall nucleation based model.

  5. Coupling free flow / porous-medium flow General idea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cirpka, Olaf Arie

    equation t (v) + div (vv ) - div(v) + p - g - qv = 0 Darcy flow equation t (S) - div K (p - g) - qpmT transport equation t (X) + div (vX - DsteamX) = qsteam 16/14 #12;Backup additional Darcy flow equations-Stokes 1 phase, 2 components, temperature sharp interface porous-medium / Darcy flow 2 phases, 2 component

  6. Message Flow Modulator Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Robert Stephen

    operational environment at the Patuxent River Naval Air Test Center with scenarios developed by an independent in testing and demonstrating the flow modulator at the Patuxent River Naval Air Test Center. #12;MESSAGE FLOW

  7. Radial flow pulse jet mixer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    VanOsdol, John G.

    2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides a pulse jet mixing vessel for mixing a plurality of solid particles. The pulse jet mixing vessel is comprised of a sludge basin, a flow surface surrounding the sludge basin, and a downcoming flow annulus between the flow surface and an inner shroud. The pulse jet mixing vessel is additionally comprised of an upper vessel pressurization volume in fluid communication with the downcoming flow annulus, and an inner shroud surge volume separated from the downcoming flow annulus by the inner shroud. When the solid particles are resting on the sludge basin and a fluid such as water is atop the particles and extending into the downcoming flow annulus and the inner shroud surge volume, mixing occurs by pressurization of the upper vessel pressurization volume, generating an inward radial flow over the flow surface and an upwash jet at the center of the sludge basin.

  8. Flow (2008) Director: Irena Salina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemmers, Oliver

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Flow (2008) Director: Irena Salina Run Time: 93 min. Summary: ,Irena Salina's documentary film://documentaryfilms.suite101.com/article.cfm/desperate_for_water_irena_salinas_movie_flow No Dumb Questions (2001) Director

  9. Nematic ordering of topological defects in active liquid crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anand U. Oza; Jörn Dunkel

    2015-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Identifying the ordering principles of intracellular matter is key to understanding the physics of microbiological systems. Recent experiments show that ATP-driven microtubule-kinesin bundles can form non-equilibrium networks of liquid-crystalline order when trapped in an oil-water interface near a solid boundary. At high densities, the bundles realize a 2D active nematic phase characterized by spontaneous creation and annihilation of topological defects, reminiscent of particle-pair production processes in quantum systems. This remarkable discovery sparked considerable theoretical interest, yet a satisfactory mathematical description has remained elusive, primarily for the following two reasons. First, prevailing multi-component theories feature a large number of unknown parameters that make quantitative comparison with experiment infeasible. Second, the currently favored hydrodynamic models assume divergence-free 2D interfacial flow, thereby promoting turbulent pattern formation through upward cascades. Such cascades are unlikely to occur in experiments, where interface and bulk fluid can continuously exchange matter. Here, we propose a compact alternative continuum theory for dense active liquid crystals by merging ideas from the Landau-de Gennes and Swift-Hohenberg theories. The resulting fourth-order model agrees quantitatively with experimental data, correctly predicts a regime of long-range nematic alignment of defects, and manifests an analogy with a generalized Gross-Pitaevskii quantum theory. Generally, our results suggest that universal ordering principles may govern a wide range of active materials.

  10. Ricci flow and quantum theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Carroll

    2007-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We show some relations between Ricci flow and quantum theory via Fisher information and the quantum potential.

  11. Progress in Grid Scale Flow Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011Year #12;Flow Battery Research at PNNL and Sandia #12 with industries and universities New Generation Redox Flow Batteries, PNNL Developed new generation redox flow

  12. The Big Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Sikivie

    2001-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The late infall of cold dark matter onto an isolated galaxy, such as our own, produces streams and caustics in its halo. The outer caustics are topological spheres whereas the inner caustics are rings. The self-similar model of galactic halo formation predicts that the caustic ring radii $a_n$ follow the approximate law $a_n \\sim 1/n$. In a study of 32 extended and well-measured external galactic rotation curves evidence was found for this law. In the case of the Milky Way, the locations of eight sharp rises in the rotation curve fit the prediction of the self-similar model at the 3% level. Moreover, a triangular feature in the IRAS map of the galactic plane is consistent with the imprint of a ring caustic upon the baryonic matter. These observations imply that the dark matter in our neighborhood is dominated by a single flow. Estimates of that flow's density and velocity vector are given.

  13. Convective heat flow probe

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dunn, J.C.; Hardee, H.C.; Striker, R.P.

    1984-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A convective heat flow probe device is provided which measures heat flow and fluid flow magnitude in the formation surrounding a borehole. The probe comprises an elongate housing adapted to be lowered down into the borehole; a plurality of heaters extending along the probe for heating the formation surrounding the borehole; a plurality of temperature sensors arranged around the periphery of the probe for measuring the temperature of the surrounding formation after heating thereof by the heater elements. The temperature sensors and heater elements are mounted in a plurality of separate heater pads which are supported by the housing and which are adapted to be radially expanded into firm engagement with the walls of the borehole. The heat supplied by the heater elements and the temperatures measured by the temperature sensors are monitored and used in providing the desired measurements. The outer peripheral surfaces of the heater pads are configured as segments of a cylinder and form a full cylinder when taken together. A plurality of temperature sensors are located on each pad so as to extend along the length and across the width thereof, with a heating element being located in each pad beneath the temperature sensors. An expansion mechanism driven by a clamping motor provides expansion and retraction of the heater pads and expandable packet-type seals are provided along the probe above and below the heater pads.

  14. Identification and characterization of Hydraulic Flow Units in the San Juan Formation, Orocual Field, Venezuela 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deghirmandjian, Odilia

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis focuses on the integration of core and well log data in order to provide a petrophysical characterization of the Hydraulic Flow Units (HFU) in the San Juan Formation, Orocual Field, Venezuela. We used three ...

  15. Post processing large integer programming problems in air traffic flow management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gangadharan, Rajesh

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Federal Aviation Administration is keen to develop new strategies for air traffic control, in order to better tackle the numerous problems arising due to increasing traffic in the national air space. The Traffic Flow Management (TFM) problem...

  16. Equivalent roughness height for plane bed under oscillatory flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , the bed roughness height of a flat and fixed bed is given in terms of the Nikuradse roughness height (ks may be several orders of magnitude larger than for a fixed bed. This is probably causedEquivalent roughness height for plane bed under oscillatory flow Beno^it Camenen , Magnus Larson

  17. Equivalent Roughness Height for Plane Bed under Steady Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    current conditions. In general, owing to dimensional reasons, the bed roughness height of a flat and fixed orders of magnitude larger than for a fixed bed. This is probably caused by the increased energyEquivalent Roughness Height for Plane Bed under Steady Flow Benoît Camenen, Ph.D.1 ; Atilla Bayram

  18. Analysis of Transient Processes in a Radiophysical Flow System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. N. Egorov; A. A. Koronovskii; A. E. Hramov

    2006-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Transient processes in a third-order radiophysical flow system are studied and a map of the transient process duration versus initial conditions is constructed and analyzed. The results are compared to the arrangement of submanifolds of the stable and unstable cycles in the Poincare section of the system studied.

  19. Flow Beneath a Ship at Small Underkeel Clearance Tim Gourlay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the leading order squat and wave resistance of a ship traveling in calm water, in the case where the water in this case) kinematic viscosity of the fluid (we will consider salt water at 20 deg C, for which 1.04 Ã? 10 THEORETICAL RESEARCH has been done into the flow around a ship operating in shallow water, using Prandtl

  20. Overland flow hydrograph synthesis by digital computer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Tsong C.

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and dx dx (for i'orward characteristics) or dv v(x - IIx t) - v x t) hx 5x (for backward characteristics) for the numerical analysis, where v(x, t) is the flow velocity at point (x, t) of the x, t-plane and II is the increment. t+ gt t - dt x- Qx... a stable solution. Schreiber used the implicit method. The advantage of the implicit method is that the solution is always stable regardless of' the ratio of bx and dt. But in order to solve the numerical equations using the implicit method...

  1. California energy flow in 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borg, I.Y.; Briggs, C.K.

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For the past 16 years energy flow diagrams for the State of California have been prepared from available data by members of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. They have proven to be useful tools in graphically expressing energy supply and use in the State as well as illustrating the difference between particular years and between the State and the US as a whole. As far as is possible, similar data sources have been used to prepare the diagrams from year to year and identical assumptions{sup la-le} concerning conversion efficiencies have been made in order to minimize inconsistencies in the data and analyses. Sources of data used in this report are given in Appendix B and C; unavoidably the sources used over the 1976--1993 period have varied as some data bases are no longer available. In addition, we continue to see differences in specific data reported by different agencies for a given year. In particular, reported data on supply and usage in industrial/commercial/residential end-use categories have shown variability amongst the data gathering agencies, which bars detailed comparisons from year to year. Nonetheless, taken overall, valid generalizations can be made concerning gross trends and changes.

  2. A mechanical picture of fractional-order Darcy equation Luca Deseri a,b,c,d

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deseri, Luca

    A mechanical picture of fractional-order Darcy equation Luca Deseri a,b,c,d , Massimiliano Zingales: Anomalous diffusion Porous media Darcy equation Fractional derivatives Anomalous scaling a b s t r a c of the particle flow. The transport equation, formally analogous to the Fick relation is the so-called Darcy

  3. An order flow model and a liquidity measure of financial markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Adlar Jeewook

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The thesis seeks a better understanding of liquidity generation process of financial markets and attempts to find a quantitative measure of market liquidity. Various statistical modeling techniques are introduced to model ...

  4. Microsoft Word - Wind Industry Work Order Information Flow Survey__WithSNLMarkings_Final.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA / USACE625Data Show Filtration8, 2011Hanford Blog?A In

  5. How many paleointensity determinations are required from a single lava flow to constitute a reliable average?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    is currently the norm in order to ensure that the calculated mean paleointensity does not differ significantly from the true flow mean. Furthermore, they indicate that a low measured dispersion for a small number flows to avoid biasing of the mean. INDEX TERMS: 1533 Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism: Remagnetization

  6. Experimental study of the MHD flow in a prototypic inlet manifold section of the DCLL blanket

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdou, Mohamed

    . The MHD flow patterns and their associated transport properties that result from the interaction between Lithium (DCLL) blanket concept. A series of experiments is carried out in order to understand stacked in the direction the magnetic field lines. For values of the interaction parameter , the flow

  7. Asymptotical Computations for a Model of Flow in Saturated Porous Media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinmüller, Ewa B.

    a variably saturated porous medium with exponential diffusivity, such as soil, rock or concrete is given by uAsymptotical Computations for a Model of Flow in Saturated Porous Media P. Amodio a , C.J. Budd b for an implicit second order ordinary differential equation which arises in models of flow in saturated porous

  8. A numerical method for fully resolved simulation (FRS) of rigid particleflow interactions in complex flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apte, Sourabh V.

    and dispersion of particles due to fluctuations in the fluid flow is important to develop reduced-ordered models and engineering involve two-phase flows where solid particles of arbitrary shape and sizes are dispersed sediment transport in rivers, fluidized beds, coal-based oxy-fuel combustion chambers, biomass gasifiers

  9. Weak-strong clustering transition in renewing compressible flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ajinkya Dhanagare; Stefano Musacchio; Dario Vincenzi

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the statistical properties of Lagrangian tracers transported by a time-correlated compressible renewing flow. We show that the preferential sampling of the phase space performed by tracers yields significant differences between the Lagrangian statistics and its Eulerian counterpart. In particular, the effective compressibility experienced by tracers has a non-trivial dependence on the time correlation of the flow. We examine the consequence of this phenomenon on the clustering of tracers, focusing on the transition from the weak- to the strong-clustering regime. We find that the critical compressibility at which the transition occurs is minimum when the time correlation of the flow is of the order of the typical eddy turnover time. Further, we demonstrate that the clustering properties in time-correlated compressible flows are non-universal and are strongly influenced by the spatio-temporal structure of the velocity field.

  10. Weak-strong clustering transition in renewing compressible flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhanagare, Ajinkya; Vincenzi, Dario

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the statistical properties of Lagrangian tracers transported by a time-correlated compressible renewing flow. We show that the preferential sampling of the phase space performed by tracers yields significant differences between the Lagrangian statistics and its Eulerian counterpart. In particular, the effective compressibility experienced by tracers has a non-trivial dependence on the time correlation of the flow. We examine the consequence of this phenomenon on the clustering of tracers, focusing on the transition from the weak- to the strong-clustering regime. We find that the critical compressibility at which the transition occurs is minimum when the time correlation of the flow is of the order of the typical eddy turnover time. Further, we demonstrate that the clustering properties in time-correlated compressible flows are non-universal and are strongly influenced by the spatio-temporal structure of the velocity field.

  11. Generalized structure of higher order nonclassicality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amit Verma; Anirban Pathak

    2009-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A generalized notion of higher order nonclassicality (in terms of higher order moments) is introduced. Under this generalized framework of higher order nonclassicality, conditions of higher order squeezing and higher order subpoissonian photon statistics are derived. A simpler form of the Hong-Mandel higher order squeezing criterion is derived under this framework by using an operator ordering theorem introduced by us in [J. Phys. A. 33 (2000) 5607]. It is also generalized for multi-photon Bose operators of Brandt and Greenberg. Similarly, condition for higher order subpoissonian photon statistics is derived by normal ordering of higher powers of number operator. Further, with the help of simple density matrices, it is shown that the higher order antibunching (HOA) and higher order subpoissonian photon statistics (HOSPS) are not the manifestation of the same phenomenon and consequently it is incorrect to use the condition of HOA as a test of HOSPS. It is also shown that the HOA and HOSPS may exist even in absence of the corresponding lower order phenomenon. Binomial state, nonlinear first order excited squeezed state (NLESS) and nonlinear vacuum squeezed state (NLVSS) are used as examples of quantum state and it is shown that these states may show higher order nonclssical characteristics. It is observed that the Binomial state which is always antibunched, is not always higher order squeezed and NLVSS which shows higher order squeezing does not show HOSPS and HOA. The opposite is observed in NLESS and consequently it is established that the HOSPS and HOS are two independent signatures of higher order nonclassicality

  12. Tunable fractional-order Fourier transformer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malyutin, A A [A.M. Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2006-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A fractional two-dimensional Fourier transformer whose orders are tuned by means of optical quadrupoles is described. It is shown that in the optical scheme considered, the Fourier-transform order a element of [0,1] in one of the mutually orthogonal planes corresponds to the transform order (2-a) in another plane, i.e., to inversion and inverse Fourier transform of the order a. (laser modes and beams)

  13. Executive Order 13423- Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    423- Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management Executive Order 13423- Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management It...

  14. President Truman Orders Development of Thermonuclear Weapon ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Orders Development of Thermonuclear Weapon | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing...

  15. Second order noncommutative corrections to gravity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Calmet, Xavier [Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Service de Physique Theorique, CP225 Boulevard du Triomphe (Campus plaine), B-1050 Brussels (Belgium); Kobakhidze, Archil [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 (United States)

    2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, we calculate the leading order corrections to general relativity formulated on a canonical noncommutative spacetime. These corrections appear in the second order of the expansion in theta. First order corrections can only appear in the gravity-matter interactions. Some implications are briefly discussed.

  16. Complex Flow Workshop Report

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube platformBuildingCoalComplex Flow Workshop Report January 17-18, 2012 University

  17. Non-axisymmetric Flows

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire Solar541,9337,2AprilBig EddyNobelNon-axisymmetric Flows and

  18. Order Module--NNSA Orders Self-Study Program Safety Basis Documentatio...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    NNSA Orders Self-Study Program Safety Basis Documentation Order Module--NNSA Orders Self-Study Program Safety Basis Documentation The familiar level of this module is divided into...

  19. Fluid flow monitoring device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McKay, M.D.; Sweeney, C.E.; Spangler, B.S. Jr.

    1993-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A flow meter and temperature measuring device are described comprising a tube with a body centered therein for restricting flow and a sleeve at the upper end of the tube to carry several channels formed longitudinally in the sleeve to the appropriate axial location where they penetrate the tube to allow pressure measurements and temperature measurements with thermocouples. The high pressure measurement is made using a channel penetrating the tube away from the body and the low pressure measurement is made at a location at the widest part of the body. An end plug seals the end of the device and holes at its upper end allow fluid to pass from the interior of the tube into a plenum. The channels are made by cutting grooves in the sleeve, the grooves widened at the surface of the sleeve and then a strip of sleeve material is welded to the grooves closing the channels. Preferably the sleeve is packed with powdered graphite before cutting the grooves and welding the strips. 7 figures.

  20. Fluid flow monitoring device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McKay, Mark D. (1426 Socastee Dr., North Augusta, SC 29841); Sweeney, Chad E. (3600 Westhampton Dr., Martinez, GA 30907-3036); Spangler, Jr., B. Samuel (2715 Margate Dr., Augusta, GA 30909)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A flow meter and temperature measuring device comprising a tube with a body centered therein for restricting flow and a sleeve at the upper end of the tube to carry several channels formed longitudinally in the sleeve to the appropriate axial location where they penetrate the tube to allow pressure measurements and temperature measurements with thermocouples. The high pressure measurement is made using a channel penetrating the tube away from the body and the low pressure measurement is made at a location at the widest part of the body. An end plug seals the end of the device and holes at its upper end allow fluid to pass from the interior of the tube into a plenum. The channels are made by cutting grooves in the sleeve, the grooves widened at the surface of the sleeve and then a strip of sleeve material is welded to the grooves closing the channels. Preferably the sleeve is packed with powdered graphite before cutting the grooves and welding the strips.

  1. Radial flow heat exchanger

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Valenzuela, Javier (Hanover, NH)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A radial flow heat exchanger (20) having a plurality of first passages (24) for transporting a first fluid (25) and a plurality of second passages (26) for transporting a second fluid (27). The first and second passages are arranged in stacked, alternating relationship, are separated from one another by relatively thin plates (30) and (32), and surround a central axis (22). The thickness of the first and second passages are selected so that the first and second fluids, respectively, are transported with laminar flow through the passages. To enhance thermal energy transfer between first and second passages, the latter are arranged so each first passage is in thermal communication with an associated second passage along substantially its entire length, and vice versa with respect to the second passages. The heat exchangers may be stacked to achieve a modular heat exchange assembly (300). Certain heat exchangers in the assembly may be designed slightly differently than other heat exchangers to address changes in fluid properties during transport through the heat exchanger, so as to enhance overall thermal effectiveness of the assembly.

  2. Ionic Conductivity of Block Copolymer Electrolytes in the Vicinity of Order?Disorder and Order?Order Transitions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wanakule, Nisita S.; Panday, Ashoutosh; Mullin, Scott A.; Gann, Eliot; Hexemer, Alex; Balsara, Nitash P.; (UCB); (LBNL)

    2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Order-order and order-disorder phase transitions in mixtures of poly(styrene-block-ethylene oxide) (SEO) copolymers and lithium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonimide) (LiTFSI), a common lithium salt used in polymer electrolytes, were studied using a combination of small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), birefringence, and ac impedance spectroscopy. The SEO/LiTFSI mixtures exhibit lamellar, hexagonally packed cylinders, and gyroid microphases. The molecular weight of the blocks and the salt concentration was adjusted to obtain order-order and order-disorder transition temperatures within the available experimental window. The ionic conductivities of the mixtures, normalized by the ionic conductivity of a 20 kg/mol homopolymer PEO sample at the salt concentration and temperature of interest, were independent of temperature, in spite of the presence of the above-mentioned phase transitions.

  3. Active combustion flow modulation valve

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hensel, John Peter; Black, Nathaniel; Thorton, Jimmy Dean; Vipperman, Jeffrey Stuart; Lambeth, David N; Clark, William W

    2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A flow modulation valve has a slidably translating hollow armature with at least one energizable coil wound around and fixably attached to the hollow armature. The energizable coil or coils are influenced by at least one permanent magnet surrounding the hollow armature and supported by an outer casing. Lorentz forces on the energizable coils which are translated to the hollow armature, increase or decrease the flow area to provide flow throttling action. The extent of hollow armature translation depends on the value of current supplied and the direction of translation depends on the direction of current flow. The compact nature of the flow modulation valve combined with the high forces afforded by the actuator design provide a flow modulation valve which is highly responsive to high-rate input control signals.

  4. Anisotropic flow and flow fluctuations for Au + Au at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV in a multiphase transport model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Ma; G. L. Ma; Y. G. Ma

    2014-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Anisotropic flow coefficients and their fluctuations are investigated for Au+Au collisions at center of mass energy $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV by using a multi-phase transport model with string melting scenario. Experimental results of azimuthal anisotropies by means of the two- and four-particle cumulants are generally well reproduced by the model including both parton cascade and hadronic rescatterings. Event-by-event treatments of the harmonic flow coefficients $v_n$ (for n = 2, 3 and 4) are performed, in which event distributions of $v_n$ for different orders are consistent with Gaussian shapes over all centrality bins. Systematic studies on centrality, transverse momentum ($p_{T}$) and pseudo-rapidity ($\\eta$) dependencies of anisotropic flows and quantitative estimations of the flow fluctuations are presented. The $p_{T}$ and $\\eta$ dependencies of absolute fluctuations for both $v_2$ and $v_3$ follow similar trends as their flow coefficients. Relative fluctuation of triangular flow $v_3$ is slightly centrality-dependent, which is quite different from that of elliptic flow $v_2$. It is observed that parton cascade has a large effect on the flow fluctuations, but hadronic scatterings make little contribution to the flow fluctuations, which indicates flow fluctuations are mainly modified during partonic evolution stage.

  5. Subsurface Flow and Transport | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    subsurface related to contaminant transport, carbon cycling, enhanced oil recovery and carbon dioxide sequestration. See a complete list of Subsurface Flow and Transport...

  6. Rényi entropy flows from quantum heat engines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohammad H. Ansari; Yuli V. Nazarov

    2015-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We evaluate Renyi entropy flows from generic quantum heat engines (QHE) to a weakly-coupled probe environment kept in thermal equilibrium. We show that the flows are determined not only by heat flow but also by a quantum coherent flow that can be separately measured in experiment apart from the heat flow measurement. The same pertains to Shanon entropy flow. This appeals for a revision of the concept of entropy flows in quantum nonequlibrium thermodynamics.

  7. ESPC Task Order Face Page Template

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Document provides a face page template for a U.S. Department of Energy task order as part of an energy savings performance contract (ESPC).

  8. High-Order Energy Stable WENO Schemes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A third-order Energy Stable Weighted Essentially Non--Oscillatory (ESWENO) finite difference scheme developed by the authors of the paper [N. K. Yamaleev ...

  9. Optical method of atomic ordering estimation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prutskij, T. [Instituto de Ciencias, BUAP, Privada 17 Norte, No 3417, col. San Miguel Huyeotlipan, Puebla, Pue. (Mexico); Attolini, G. [IMEM/CNR, Parco Area delle Scienze 37/A - 43010, Parma (Italy); Lantratov, V.; Kalyuzhnyy, N. [Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute, 26 Polytekhnicheskaya, St Petersburg 194021, Russian Federation (Russian Federation)

    2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    It is well known that within metal-organic vapor-phase epitaxy (MOVPE) grown semiconductor III-V ternary alloys atomically ordered regions are spontaneously formed during the epitaxial growth. This ordering leads to bandgap reduction and to valence bands splitting, and therefore to anisotropy of the photoluminescence (PL) emission polarization. The same phenomenon occurs within quaternary semiconductor alloys. While the ordering in ternary alloys is widely studied, for quaternaries there have been only a few detailed experimental studies of it, probably because of the absence of appropriate methods of its detection. Here we propose an optical method to reveal atomic ordering within quaternary alloys by measuring the PL emission polarization.

  10. SECOND ORDER ANALYSIS OF STATE-CONSTRAINED ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    order sufficient conditions are provided in Section 4. ... Consider the control and state spaces L? and (W1,?)n, re- ...... heating and cooling by solar energy.

  11. Intertwined Orders in High Temperature Superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostoja-Starzewski, Martin

    Intertwined Orders in High Temperature Superconductors ! Eduardo Fradkin University of Illinois · Electronic liquid crystal phases have also been seen heavy fermions and iron superconductors 7 #12

  12. Liquid chromatography/Fourier transform IR spectrometry interface flow cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Johnson, Charles C. (Fairfield, OH); Taylor, Larry T. (Blacksburg, VA)

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A zero dead volume (ZDV) microbore high performance liquid chromatography (.mu.HPLC)/Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) interface flow cell includes an IR transparent crystal having a small diameter bore therein through which a sample liquid is passed. The interface flow cell further includes a metal holder in combination with a pair of inner, compressible seals for directly coupling the thus configured spectrometric flow cell to the outlet of a .mu.HPLC column end fitting to minimize the transfer volume of the effluents exiting the .mu.HPLC column which exhibit excellent flow characteristics due to the essentially unencumbered, open-flow design. The IR beam passes transverse to the sample flow through the circular bore within the IR transparent crystal, which is preferably comprised of potassium bromide (KBr) or calcium fluoride (CaF.sub.2), so as to minimize interference patterns and vignetting encountered in conventional parallel-plate IR cells. The long IR beam pathlength and lensing effect of the circular cross-section of the sample volume in combination with the refractive index differences between the solvent and the transparent crystal serve to focus the IR beam in enhancing sample detection sensitivity by an order of magnitude.

  13. Liquid chromatography/Fourier transform IR spectrometry interface flow cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Johnson, C.C.; Taylor, L.T.

    1985-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A zero dead volume (ZDV) microbore high performance liquid chromatography (..mu.. HPLC)/Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) interface flow cell includes an IR transparent crystal having a small diameter bore therein through which a sample liquid is passed. The interface flow cell further includes a metal holder in combination with a pair of inner, compressible seals for directly coupling the thus configured spectrometric flow cell to the outlet of a ..mu.. HPLC column end fitting to minimize the transfer volume of the effluents exiting the ..mu.. HPLC column which exhibit excellent flow characteristics due to the essentially unencumbered, open-flow design. The IR beam passes transverse to the sample flow through the circular bore within the IR transparent crystal, which is preferably comprised of potassium bromide (KBr) or calcium fluoride (CaF/sub 2/), so as to minimize interference patterns and vignetting encountered in conventional parallel-plate IR cells. The long IR beam pathlength and lensing effect of the circular cross-section of the sample volume in combination with the refractive index differences between the solvent and the transparent crystal serve to focus the IR beam in enhancing sample detection sensitivity by an order of magnitude.

  14. The magnetic flywheel flow meter: Theoretical and experimental contributions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buchenau, D., E-mail: d.buchenau@hzdr.de; Galindo, V.; Eckert, S. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Institute of Fluid Dynamics, Bautzner Landstraße 400, 01328 Dresden (Germany)

    2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of contactless flow meters is an important issue for monitoring and controlling of processes in different application fields, like metallurgy, liquid metal casting, or cooling systems for nuclear reactors and transmutation machines. Shercliff described in his book “The Theory of Electromagnetic Flow Measurement, Cambridge University Press, 1962” a simple and robust device for contact-less measurements of liquid metal flow rates which is known as magnetic flywheel. The sensor consists of several permanent magnets attached on a rotatable soft iron plate. This arrangement will be placed closely to the liquid metal flow to be measured, so that the field of the permanent magnets penetrates into the fluid volume. The flywheel will be accelerated by a Lorentz force arising from the interaction between the magnetic field and the moving liquid. Steady rotation rates of the flywheel can be taken as a measure for the mean flow rate inside the fluid channel. The present paper provides a detailed theoretical description of the sensor in order to gain a better insight into the functional principle of the magnetic flywheel. Theoretical predictions are confirmed by corresponding laboratory experiments. For that purpose, a laboratory model of such a flow meter was built and tested on a GaInSn-loop under various test conditions.

  15. Adaptive LES Methodology for Turbulent Flow Simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oleg V. Vasilyev

    2008-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Although turbulent flows are common in the world around us, a solution to the fundamental equations that govern turbulence still eludes the scientific community. Turbulence has often been called one of the last unsolved problem in classical physics, yet it is clear that the need to accurately predict the effect of turbulent flows impacts virtually every field of science and engineering. As an example, a critical step in making modern computational tools useful in designing aircraft is to be able to accurately predict the lift, drag, and other aerodynamic characteristics in numerical simulations in a reasonable amount of time. Simulations that take months to years to complete are much less useful to the design cycle. Much work has been done toward this goal (Lee-Rausch et al. 2003, Jameson 2003) and as cost effective accurate tools for simulating turbulent flows evolve, we will all benefit from new scientific and engineering breakthroughs. The problem of simulating high Reynolds number (Re) turbulent flows of engineering and scientific interest would have been solved with the advent of Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) techniques if unlimited computing power, memory, and time could be applied to each particular problem. Yet, given the current and near future computational resources that exist and a reasonable limit on the amount of time an engineer or scientist can wait for a result, the DNS technique will not be useful for more than 'unit' problems for the foreseeable future (Moin & Kim 1997, Jimenez & Moin 1991). The high computational cost for the DNS of three dimensional turbulent flows results from the fact that they have eddies of significant energy in a range of scales from the characteristic length scale of the flow all the way down to the Kolmogorov length scale. The actual cost of doing a three dimensional DNS scales as Re{sup 9/4} due to the large disparity in scales that need to be fully resolved. State-of-the-art DNS calculations of isotropic turbulence have recently been completed at the Japanese Earth Simulator (Yokokawa et al. 2002, Kaneda et al. 2003) using a resolution of 40963 (approximately 10{sup 11}) grid points with a Taylor-scale Reynolds number of 1217 (Re {approx} 10{sup 6}). Impressive as these calculations are, performed on one of the world's fastest super computers, more brute computational power would be needed to simulate the flow over the fuselage of a commercial aircraft at cruising speed. Such a calculation would require on the order of 10{sup 16} grid points and would have a Reynolds number in the range of 108. Such a calculation would take several thousand years to simulate one minute of flight time on today's fastest super computers (Moin & Kim 1997). Even using state-of-the-art zonal approaches, which allow DNS calculations that resolve the necessary range of scales within predefined 'zones' in the flow domain, this calculation would take far too long for the result to be of engineering interest when it is finally obtained. Since computing power, memory, and time are all scarce resources, the problem of simulating turbulent flows has become one of how to abstract or simplify the complexity of the physics represented in the full Navier-Stokes (NS) equations in such a way that the 'important' physics of the problem is captured at a lower cost. To do this, a portion of the modes of the turbulent flow field needs to be approximated by a low order model that is cheaper than the full NS calculation. This model can then be used along with a numerical simulation of the 'important' modes of the problem that cannot be well represented by the model. The decision of what part of the physics to model and what kind of model to use has to be based on what physical properties are considered 'important' for the problem. It should be noted that 'nothing is free', so any use of a low order model will by definition lose some information about the original flow.

  16. Network Flow Optimization under Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    Network model in words Minimize the cost of satisfying demands for electric energy By: imports, exports and electricity Subject to: conservation of energy flows (net after losses), lower and upper bounds on flows is a reactive approach: how would the optimal solution have changed if I'd only known? · Proactive approaches

  17. Redox Flow Batteries, a Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    U. Tennessee Knoxville; U. Texas Austin; McGill U; Weber, Adam Z.; Mench, Matthew M.; Meyers, Jeremy P.; Ross, Philip N.; Gostick, Jeffrey T.; Liu, Qinghua

    2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Redox flow batteries are enjoying a renaissance due to their ability to store large amounts of electrical energy relatively cheaply and efficiently. In this review, we examine the components of redox flow batteries with a focus on understanding the underlying physical processes. The various transport and kinetic phenomena are discussed along with the most common redox couples.

  18. AIAA 99--1467 LOW ORDER AERODYNAMIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peraire, Jaime

    . The technique is ap­ plicable to viscous and three­dimensional problems as well as multi­stage problems the stable operating range, potentially leading to better compressor performance. In addition, understanding. with permission. Various possible flow control methods for extending the stable operating range of compressors

  19. Wavy flow cooling concept for turbine airfoils

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Liang, George (Palm City, FL)

    2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    An airfoil including an outer wall and a cooling cavity formed therein. The cooling cavity includes a leading edge flow channel located adjacent a leading edge of the airfoil and a trailing edge flow channel located adjacent a trailing edge of the airfoil. Each of the leading edge and trailing edge flow channels define respective first and second flow axes located between pressure and suction sides of the airfoil. A plurality of rib members are located within each of the flow channels, spaced along the flow axes, and alternately extending from opposing sides of the flow channels to define undulating flow paths through the flow channels.

  20. Texas Union Pizza Order Form ROOM RESERVED ______________________________________________________

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jefferys, William

    : ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ Pick-up All orders are to be picked up at the Texas Union Hospitality Center desk in the south end West#12;#12;Texas Union Pizza Order Form ROOM RESERVED with the Texas Union Policies and Procedures. I understand that I will be held responsible for any debts incurred

  1. Order Effects in Incremental Learning 1. Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langley, Pat

    of incremental learning and introducing some distinctions among types of order effects. We then turn to a moreOrder Effects in Incremental Learning 1. Introduction Intelligent agents, including humans, exist in an environment that changes over time. Thus, it seems natural that models of learning in such agents take

  2. Entomology 201 Identification of Insecta orders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eubanks, Micky

    Bedbugs (Hemiptera): -head tucked back in pronotum -antennae w/ 4-5 long (moniliform) segments #12;Order Hemiptera True bugs, cicadas & hoppers, aphids & scale bugs Piercing-sucking mouthparts! #12;· Unique) Order Hemiptera True bugs, cicadas & hoppers, aphids & scale bugs #12;Know the Suborders

  3. Construction of Higher Order Finite Element with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kern, Michel

    ' & $ % Construction of Higher Order Finite Element with Mass Lumping Using Computer Algebra. (3D, combinatorial analysis, new third order element) 2 #12; ' & $ % Guidelines for the construction of nodes must be ~ P k unisolvent. 2. Finite element must be continuous. 3. Quadrature formula must satisfy

  4. Vertical flow chemical detection portal

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Linker, K.L.; Hannum, D.W.; Conrad, F.J.

    1999-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A portal apparatus is described for screening objects or persons for the presence of trace amounts of chemical substances such as illicit drugs or explosives. The apparatus has a test space, in which a person may stand, defined by two generally upright sides spanned by a horizontal transom. One or more fans in the transom generate a downward air flow (uni-directional) within the test space. The air flows downwardly from a high pressure upper zone, past the object or person to be screened. Air moving past the object dislodges from the surface thereof both volatile and nonvolatile particles of the target substance. The particles are entrained into the air flow which continues flowing downward to a lower zone of reduced pressure, where the particle-bearing air stream is directed out of the test space and toward preconcentrator and detection components. The sides of the portal are specially configured to partially contain and maintain the air flow. 3 figs.

  5. Constraints on topological order in Mott Insulators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael P. Zaletel; Ashvin Vishwanath

    2015-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We point out certain symmetry induced constraints on topological order in Mott Insulators (quantum magnets with an odd number of spin $\\tfrac{1}{2}$ per unit cell). We show, for example, that the double semion topological order is incompatible with time reversal and translation symmetry in Mott insulators. This sharpens the Hastings-Oshikawa-Lieb-Schultz-Mattis theorem for 2D quantum magnets, which guarantees that a fully symmetric gapped Mott insulator must be topologically ordered, but is silent on which topological order is permitted. An application of our result is the Kagome lattice quantum antiferromagnet where recent numerical calculations of entanglement entropy indicate a ground state compatible with either toric code or double semion topological order. Our result rules out the latter possibility.

  6. Odd orders in Shor's factoring algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Lawson

    2015-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Shor's factoring algorithm (SFA) finds the prime factors of a number, $N=p_1 p_2$, exponentially faster than the best known classical algorithm. Responsible for the speed-up is a subroutine called the quantum order finding algorithm (QOFA) which calculates the order -- the smallest integer, $r$, satisfying $a^r \\mod N =1$, where $a$ is a randomly chosen integer coprime to $N$ (meaning their greatest common divisor is one, $\\gcd(a, N) =1$). Given $r$, and with probability not less than $1/2$, the factors are given by $p_1 = \\gcd (a^{\\frac{r}{2}} - 1, N)$ and $p_2 = \\gcd (a^{\\frac{r}{2}} + 1, N)$. For odd $r$ it is assumed the factors cannot be found (since $a^{\\frac{r}{2}}$ is not generally integer) and the QOFA is relaunched with a different value of $a$. But a recent paper [E. Martin-Lopez: Nat Photon {\\bf 6}, 773 (2012)] noted that the factors can sometimes be found from odd orders if the coprime is square. This raises the question of improving SFA's success probability by considering odd orders. We show that an improvement is possible, though it is small. We present two techniques for retrieving the order from apparently useless runs of the QOFA: not discarding odd orders; and looking out for new order finding relations in the case of failure. In terms of efficiency, using our techniques is equivalent to avoiding square coprimes and disregarding odd orders, which is simpler in practice. Even still, our techniques may be useful in the near future, while demonstrations are restricted to factoring small numbers. The most convincing demonstrations of the QOFA are those that return a non-power-of-two order, making odd orders that lead to the factors attractive to experimentalists.

  7. Flow Rate Measurements Using Flow-Induced Pipe Vibration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R. P. Evans; Jonathan D. Blotter; Alan G. Stephens

    2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper focuses on the possibility of a non-intrusive, low cost, flow rate measurement technique. The technique is based on signal noise from an accelerometer attached to the surface of the pipe. The signal noise is defined as the standard deviation of the frequency averaged time series signal. Experimental results are presented that indicate a nearly quadratic relationship between the signal noise and mass flow rate in the pipe. It is also shown that the signal noise - flow rate relationship is dependant on the pipe material and diameter.

  8. Mutiscale Modeling of Segregation in Granular Flows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jin Sun

    2007-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Modeling and simulation of segregation phenomena in granular flows are investigated. Computational models at different scales ranging from particle level (microscale) to continuum level (macroscale) are employed in order to determine the important microscale physics relevant to macroscale modeling. The capability of a multi-fluid model to capture segregation caused by density difference is demonstrated by simulating grain-chaff biomass flows in a laboratory-scale air column and in a combine harvester. The multi-fluid model treats gas and solid phases as interpenetrating continua in an Eulerian frame. This model is further improved by incorporating particle rotation using kinetic theory for rapid granular flow of slightly frictional spheres. A simplified model is implemented without changing the current kinetic theory framework by introducing an effective coefficient of restitution to account for additional energy dissipation due to frictional collisions. The accuracy of predicting segregation rate in a gas-fluidized bed is improved by the implementation. This result indicates that particle rotation is important microscopic physics to be incorporated into the hydrodynamic model. Segregation of a large particle in a dense granular bed of small particles under vertical. vibration is studied using molecular dynamics simulations. Wall friction is identified as a necessary condition for the segregation. Large-scale force networks bearing larger-than-average forces are found with the presence of wall friction. The role of force networks in assisting rising of the large particle is analyzed. Single-point force distribution and two-point spatial force correlation are computed. The results show the heterogeneity of forces and a short-range correlation. The short correlation length implies that even dense granular flows may admit local constitutive relations. A modified minimum spanning tree (MST) algorithm is developed to asymptotically recover the force statistics in the force networks. This algorithm provides a possible route to constructing a continuum model with microstructural information supplied from it. Microstructures in gas fluidized beds are also analyzed using a hybrid method, which couples the discrete element method (DEM) for particle dynamics with the averaged two-fluid (TF) equations for the gas phase. Multi-particle contacts are found in defluidized regions away from bubbles in fluidized beds. The multi-particle contacts invalidate the binary-collision assumption made in the kinetic theory of granular flows for the defluidized regions. Large ratios of contact forces to drag forces are found in the same regions, which confirms the relative importance of contact forces in determining particle dynamics in the defluidized regions.

  9. US energy flow - 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Briggs, C.K.; Borg, I.Y.

    1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 1984 energy flow diagram for the USA has been constructed using Department of Energy data. It is a convenient graphical device to show supply and demand as well as the size of end-use sectors. A 4% increase in overall energy consumption represented a reversal in a downward trend started in 1979. All indicators pointed to more healthy industrial and farm economies in 1984 than in the previous two years, which accounted for some part of the increase in energy use. While domestic crude oil production remained stable, oil imports rose eight percent also reversing a long-standing trend. Seventy-two million barrels of oil primarily from Mexico and the United Kingdom were added to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve bringing the total oil stored at year end to 451 million barrels. At the same time 49 million barrels of oil were produced from the government-owned Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 (Elk Hills, CA). Energy use in all end-use sectors grew in 1984 which is in keeping with increases in use of all types of fossil fuels as well as electricity. Increase in electrical power demand continued to exceed forecasts, and during 1984 contracts for imports to the northeast US were negotiated with Canada. Nuclear power contributed 15% of total power generated in the US. At year end there were 86 licensed reactors and 44 in either start-up or construction stages. Six were canceled or abandoned during construction during the year. 11 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

  10. Two-dimensional AMR simulations of colliding flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niklaus, Markus; Niemeyer, Jens C

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Colliding flows are a commonly used scenario for the formation of molecular clouds in numerical simulations. Due to the thermal instability of the warm neutral medium, turbulence is produced by cooling. We carry out a two-dimensional numerical study of such colliding flows in order to test whether statistical properties inferred from adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) simulations are robust with respect to the applied refinement criteria. We compare probability density functions of various quantities as well as the clump statistics and fractal dimension of the density fields in AMR simulations to a static-grid simulation. The static grid with 2048^2 cells matches the resolution of the most refined subgrids in the AMR simulations. The density statistics is reproduced fairly well by AMR. Refinement criteria based on the cooling time or the turbulence intensity appear to be superior to the standard technique of refinement by overdensity. Nevertheless, substantial differences in the flow structure become apparent. In...

  11. Mobile Monolith Polymer Elements For Flow Control In Microfluidic Systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hasselbrink, Jr., Ernest F. (Saline, MI); Rehm, Jason E. (Alameda, CA); Shepodd, Timothy J. (Livermore, CA); Kirby, Brian J. (San Francisco, CA)

    2006-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A cast-in-place and lithographically shaped mobile, monolithic polymer element for fluid flow control in microfluidic devices and method of manufacture. Microfluid flow control devices, or microvalves that provide for control of fluid or ionic current flow can be made incorporating a cast-in-place, mobile monolithic polymer element, disposed within a microchannel, and driven by fluid pressure (either liquid or gas) against a retaining or sealing surface. The polymer elements are made by the application of lithographic methods to monomer mixtures formulated in such a way that the polymer will not bond to microchannel walls. The polymer elements can seal against pressures greater than 5000 psi, and have a response time on the order of milliseconds. By the use of energetic radiation it is possible to depolymerize selected regions of the polymer element to form shapes that cannot be produced by conventional lithographic patterning and would be impossible to machine.

  12. On O($a^2$) effects in gradient flow observables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alberto Ramos; Stefan Sint

    2015-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

    In lattice gauge theories, the gradient flow has been used extensively both, for scale setting and for defining finite volume renormalization schemes for the gauge coupling. Unfortunately, rather large cutoff effects have been observed in some cases. We here investigate these effects to leading order in perturbation theory, considering various definitions of the lattice observable, the lattice flow equation and the Yang Mills lattice action. These considerations suggest an improved set- up for which we perform a scaling test in the pure SU(3) gauge theory, demonstrating strongly reduced cutoff effects. We then attempt to obtain a more complete understanding of the structure of O($a^2$) effects by applying Symanzik's effective theory approach to the 4+1 dimensional local field theory with flow time as the fifth dimension. From these considerations we are led to a fully O($a^2$) improved set-up the study of which is left to future work.

  13. Thermal Conductivity of Ordered Molecular Water

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    W Evans; J Fish; P Keblinski

    2006-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We use molecular dynamics simulation to investigate thermal transport characteristics of water with various degree of orientational and translational order induced by the application of an electric field. We observe that orientational ordering of the water dipole moments has a minor effect on the thermal conductivity. However, electric-field induced crystallization and associated translational order results in approximately a 3-fold increase of thermal conductivity with respect to the base water, i.e., to values comparable with those characterizing ice crystal structures.

  14. Ceramic Cross Flow Recuperator Design Parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez, J. M.; Rebello, W. J.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the performance of the ceramic recuperator in various industrial furnaces. The ceramic cross flow recuperator core has multiple rectangular flow passages (perpendicular to each other) for the air and gas. Various flow passages are available contingent upon...

  15. Two phase flow in capillary tubes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suo, Mikio

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The flow of two phases, gas and liquid, has been studied in horizontal tubes of capillary diameter. The flow has been primarily studied in the regime where the gas flows as long bubbles separated from the wall of the tube ...

  16. Insertable fluid flow passage bridgepiece and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jones, Daniel O. (Glenville, NV)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A fluid flow passage bridgepiece for insertion into an open-face fluid flow channel of a fluid flow plate is provided. The bridgepiece provides a sealed passage from a columnar fluid flow manifold to the flow channel, thereby preventing undesirable leakage into and out of the columnar fluid flow manifold. When deployed in the various fluid flow plates that are used in a Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cell, bridgepieces of this invention prevent mixing of reactant gases, leakage of coolant or humidification water, and occlusion of the fluid flow channel by gasket material. The invention also provides a fluid flow plate assembly including an insertable bridgepiece, a fluid flow plate adapted for use with an insertable bridgepiece, and a method of manufacturing a fluid flow plate with an insertable fluid flow passage bridgepiece.

  17. Research on stochastic power-flow study methods. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heydt, G. T. [ed.] [ed.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A general algorithm to determine the effects of uncertainty in bus load and generation on the output of conventional power flow analysis is presented. The use of statistical moments is presented and developed as a means for representing the stochastic process. Statistical moments are used to describe the uncertainties, and facilitate the calculations of single and multivarlate probability density functions of input and output variables. The transformation of the uncertainty through the power flow equations is made by the expansion of the node equations in a multivariate Taylor series about an expected operating point. The series is truncated after the second order terms. Since the power flow equations are nonlinear, the expected values of output quantities is in general not the solution to the conventional load flow problem using expected values of input quantities. The second order transformation offers a correction vector and allows the consideration of larger uncertainties which have caused significant error in the current linear transformation algorithms. Voltage controlled busses are included with consideration of upper and lower limits. The finite reactive power available at generation sites, and fixed ranges of transformer tap movement may have a significant effect on voltage and line power flow statistics. A method is given which considers limitation constraints in the evaluation of all output quantities. The bus voltages, line power flows, transformer taps, and generator reactive power requirements are described by their statistical moments. Their values are expressed in terms of the probability that they are above or below specified limits, and their expected values given that they do fall outside the limits. Thus the algorithm supplies information about severity of overload as well as probability of occurrence. An example is given for an eleven bus system, evaluating each quantity separately. The results are compared with Monte Carlo simulation.

  18. Flow distribution channels to control flow in process channels

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tonkovich, Anna Lee; Arora, Ravi; Kilanowski, David

    2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention describes features that can be used to control flow to an array of microchannels. The invention also describes methods in which a process stream is distributed to plural microchannels.

  19. The transition from two phase bubble flow to slug flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radovcich, Nick A.

    1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The process of transition from bubble to slug flow in a vertical pipe has been studied analytically and experimentally. An equation is presented which gives the agglomeration time as a function of void fraction, channel ...

  20. Thermocapillary Flow on Superhydrophobic Surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baier, Tobias; Hardt, Steffen

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A liquid in Cassie-Baxter state above a structured superhydrophobic surface is ideally suited for surface driven transport due to its large free surface fraction in close contact to a solid. We investigate thermal Marangoni flow over a superhydrophobic array of fins oriented parallel or perpendicular to an applied temperature gradient. In the Stokes limit we derive an analytical expression for the bulk flow velocity above the surface and compare it with numerical solutions of the Navier-Stokes equation. Even for moderate temperature gradients comparatively large flow velocities are induced, suggesting to utilize this principle for microfluidic pumping.

  1. Analytical and numerical Gubser solutions of the second-order hydrodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long-Gang Pang; Yoshitaka Hatta; Xin-Nian Wang; Bo-Wen Xiao

    2014-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Evolution of quark-gluon plasma (QGP) near equilibrium can be described by the second-order relativistic viscous hydrodynamic equations. Consistent and analytically verifiable numerical solutions are critical for phenomenological studies of the collective behavior of QGP in high-energy heavy-ion collisions. A novel analytical solution based on the conformal Gubser flow which is a boost-invariant solution with transverse fluid velocity is presented. It is used to verify with high precision the numerical solution with a newly developed $(3+1)$-dimensional second-order viscous hydro code (CLVisc). The perfect agreement between the analytical and numerical solutions demonstrates the reliability of the numerical simulations with the second-order viscous corrections. This lays the foundation for future phenomenological studies that allow one to gain access to the second-order transport coefficients.

  2. 'Tilting' the Universe with the Landscape Multiverse: The 'Dark' Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Mersini-Houghton; R. Holman

    2008-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The theory for the selection of the initial state of the universe from the landscape multiverse predicts superhorizon inhomogeneities induced by nonlocal entanglement of our Hubble volume with modes and domains beyond the horizon. Here we show these naturally give rise to a bulk flow with correlation length of order horizon size. The modification to the gravitational potential has a characteristic scale $L_{1} \\simeq 10^{3} H^{-1}$, and it originates from the preinflationary remnants of the landscape. The 'tilt' in the potential induces power to the lowest CMB multipoles, with the dominant contribution being the dipole and next, the quadrupole. The induced multipoles $l \\le 2$ are aligned with an axis normal to their alignment plane being oriented along the preferred frame determined by the dipole. The preferred direction is displayed by the velocity field of the bulk flow relative to the expansion frame of the universe. The parameters are tightly constrained thus the derived modifications lead to robust predictions for testing our theory. The 'dark' flow was recently discovered by Kashlinsky et al. to be about $700 km/s$ which seems in good agreement with our predictions for the induced dipole of order $3 \\mu K$. Placed in this context, the discovery of the bulk flow by Kashlinsky et al. becomes even more interesting as it may provide a probe of the preinflationary physics and a window onto the landscape multiverse.

  3. Supplementary Material1 Estimation of Wall Loss of Sulfuric Acid in the Fast Flow Nucleation Reactor:3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Shan-Hu

    loss can be expressed with the first order rate constant, k, in a9 fast flow reactor:10 [H2SO4]t= [H2SO as the nucleation reactor. Ball et al.21 (1999) used a fast flow reactor in their H2SO4-H2O BHN experiments generator, a fast-flow nucleation46 reactor, an atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometer

  4. An Economic Evaluation of the Hass Avocado Promotion Order’s First Five Years

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carman, Hoy; Li, Lan; Sexton, Richard J.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An Economic Evaluation of the Hass Avocado Promotion Order’s19 ii An Economic Evaluation of the Hass Avocado Promotionand R.K. Craft. An Economic Evaluation of California Avocado

  5. EFFICIENT FIRST-ORDER METHODS FOR LINEAR ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 19, 2014 ... EFFICIENT FIRST-ORDER METHODS FOR LP AND SDP. 3. Theorem 2.2. Let val be any value satisfying val < (C, I) . If X? solves max ?min(X).

  6. Seismic Attribute Analysis Using Higher Order Statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenidge, Janelle Candice

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Seismic data processing depends on mathematical and statistical tools such as convolution, crosscorrelation and stack that employ second-order statistics (SOS). Seismic signals are non-Gaussian and therefore contain information beyond SOS. One...

  7. Elmira Stove Works: Order (2011-CE-1407)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Elmira Stove Works to pay a $6,000 civil penalty after finding Elmira Stove Works had failed to certify that certain models of refrigerator-freezers comply with the applicable energy conservation standard.

  8. Kold Pack: Order (2013-CE-5323)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Kold Pack, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Kold Pack had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  9. Artisan Manufacturing: Order (2010-CW-0712)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Artisan Manufacturing Company, Inc., to pay a $5,000 civil penalty after finding Artisan Manufacturing had failed to certify that certain models of faucets comply with the applicable water conservation standard.

  10. Capital Cooking: Order (2014-CE-23008)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Capital Cooking Equipment, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Capital Cooking had failed to certify that certain models of cooking products comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  11. Order and chaos : articulating support, housing transformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boehm, William Hollister

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents an exploration on the theme of order and chaos, as a formal and social phenomenon, particularly as it relates to housing. The work stems from an attraction to the messy vitality we find in certain ...

  12. Anthony International: Order (2013-CE-5357)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Anthony International to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Anthony International had failed to certify that any basic models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  13. Lumiram Electric: Order (2010-CE-1014)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued an Order and entered into a Compromise Agreement with Lumiram Electric Corporation after finding Lumiram Electric had failed to certify that certain models of incandescent reflector lamps comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  14. Viking Range: Order (2014-CE-23014)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Viking Range, LLC to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Viking Range had failed to certify that certain models of cooking products comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  15. American Range: Order (2014-CE-23006)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered American Range Corporation to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding American Range had failed to certify that certain models of cooking products comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  16. GE Appliances: Order (2010-CE-2113)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued an Order after entering into a Compromise Agreement with General Electric Appliances after finding GE Appliances had failed to certify that certain models of dehumidifiers comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  17. National Comfort Products: Order (2010-SE-0307)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered National Comfort Products to pay an $8,000 civil penalty after finding NCP had failed to conduct the required testing to certify that certain models of central air conditioners comply with the applicable energy conservation standard.

  18. Stiebel Eltron: Order (2010-CE-1711)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Stiebel Eltron, Inc. to pay a $5,000 civil penalty after finding Stiebel Eltron had failed to certify that certain models of water heaters comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  19. Explosive Safety Manual, to a New Order

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2010-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This memorandum provides justification for the conversion of Department of Energy (DOE) Manual (M) 440.1-1A, DOE Explosives Safety Manual, dated 1-9-06, into a new DOE Order.

  20. A fourth order [Sigma] [Delta] bandpass modulator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Stephanie C

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A fourth order bandpass [Sigma] [Delta] modulator is proposed to digitize signals from a MEMS gyroscope. The modulator samples the amplitude-modulated signal at eight times the carrier frequency and achieves an SNR of 82dB ...

  1. On perfect order subsets in finite groups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuan, Nguyen Trong

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    If $G$ is a finite group and $x\\in G$ then the set of all elements of $G$ having the same order as $x$ is called {\\em an order subset of $G$ determined by $x$} (see [2]). We say that $G$ is a {\\em group with perfect order subsets} or briefly, $G$ is a {\\em $POS$-group} if the number of elements in each order subset of $G$ is a divisor of $|G|$. In this paper we prove that for any $n\\geq 4$, the symmetric group $S_n$ is not $POS$-group. This gives the positive answer to one of two questions rising from Conjecture 5.2 in [3].

  2. Fagor America: Order (2013-CEW-19001)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Fagor America, Inc. to pay a $13,000 civil penalty after finding Fagor America had failed to certify that certain models of residential refrigerator-freezers and dishwashers comply with the applicable energy and water conservation standards.

  3. Danby Products: Order (2012-CE-1415)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Danby Products to pay a $9,900 civil penalty after finding Danby had failed to certify that certain models of refrigerators and freezers comply with the applicable energy conservation standard.

  4. Minka-Aire: Order (2014-CE-32018)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Minka Lighting Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Minka had failed to certify that certain models of ceiling fans comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  5. USA Manufacturing: Order (2013-CE-5336)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered USA Manufacturing to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding USA Manufacturing had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  6. Hisense USA: Order (2010-CE-1211)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued an Order after entering into a Compromise Agreement with Hisense USA Corp. after finding Hisense USA had failed to certify that certain models of residential refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  7. Euro Chef USA: Order (2014-CE-23004)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Euro Chef USA Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Euro Chef USA had failed to certify that certain models of cooking products comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  8. American Valve: Order (2010-CW-1411)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered American Valve, Inc. to pay a $5,000 civil penalty after finding American Valve had failed to certify that certain showerhead models comply with the applicable water conservation standards.

  9. Goodman Manufacturing: Order (2012-CE-1509)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Goodman Manufacturing Company L.P. to pay an $8,000 civil penalty after finding Goodman Manufacturing had failed to certify that certain room air conditioners comply with the applicable energy conservation standard.

  10. A. METHOD OF PAYMENT: B. ORDERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmeri, Thomas

    A. METHOD OF PAYMENT: B. ORDERING: Unit Price Quantity Total Price $44 $15 Limit of 5 UPS UPS of projecting lessons included in the Kindergarten Manual (e.g., using an Elmo document camera with projector

  11. Cospolich Refrigerator: Order (2013-CE-5314)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Cospolich Refrigerator Co, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Cospolich Refrigerator had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  12. International Refrigeration: Order (2012-CE-1510)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered International Refrigeration Products to pay an $8,000 civil penalty after finding International Refrigeration had failed to certify that certain room air conditioners comply with the applicable energy conservation standard.

  13. Refrigerator Manufacturers: Order (2013-CE-5341)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Refrigerator Manufacturers, LLC to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Refrigerator Manufacturers had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  14. Aero-Tech: Order (2010-CE-1012)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued an Order and closed this case against Aero-Tech Light Bulb Co., without civil penalty, after DOE found that Aero-Tech manufactured and/or privately labeled incandescent reflector lamps, but did not violate DOE regulations.

  15. Exploring multi-layer flow network of international trade based on flow distances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Bin; Zheng, Qiuhua

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on the approach of flow distances, the international trade flow system is studied from the perspective of multi-layer flow network. A model of multi-layer flow network is proposed for modelling and analyzing multiple types of flows in flow systems. Then, flow distances are introduced, and symmetric minimum flow distance is presented. Subsequently, we discuss the establishment of the multi-layer flow networks of international trade from two coupled viewpoints, i.e., the viewpoint of commodity flow and that of money flow. Thus, the multi-layer flow networks of international trade is explored. First, trading "trophic levels" are adopted to depict positions that economies occupied in the flow network. We find that the distributions of trading "trophic levels" have the similar clustering pattern for different types of commodity, and there are some regularities between money flow network and commodity flow network. Second, we find that active and competitive countries trade a wide spectrum of products, while ...

  16. Centrality dependence of elliptic flow and QGP viscosity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. K. Chaudhuri

    2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In the Israel-Stewart's theory of second order hydrodynamics, we have analysed the recent PHENIX data on charged particles elliptic flow in Au+Au collisions. PHENIX data demand more viscous fluid in peripheral collisions than in central collisions. Over a broad range of collision centrality (0-10%- 50-60%), viscosity to entropy ratio ($\\eta/s$) varies between 0-0.17.

  17. Bubbles as tracers of heat input to cooling flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Binney; F. Alouani Bibi; H. Omma

    2007-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine the distribution of injected energy in three-dimensional, adaptive-grid simulations of the heating of cooling flows. We show that less than 10 percent of the injected energy goes into bubbles. Consequently, the energy input from the nucleus is underestimated by a factor of order 6 when it is taken to be given by PVgamma/(gamma-1), where P and V are the pressure and volume of the bubble, and gamma the ratio of principal specific heats.

  18. Propagation Plane waves -High order Modes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berlin,Technische Universität

    1 Propagation · Plane waves - High order Modes y x a One wave: p(x,y,t)=p0 cos(k y)e-jk x e j t vy(y,t)= 0 ; y=0,a xy } ky = n a Propagation · Plane waves - High order Modes x n a p(x,y,t)=pn cos( y + - +- + + - +- + - + + +- - - (m,n) #12;4 Propagation · Circular duct ­ Helical waves (spiralling waves) kc=m/a kz k

  19. Propagation Plane waves -High order Modes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berlin,Technische Universität

    1 Propagation · Plane waves - High order Modes y x a ky = n a One wave: p(x,y,t)=p0 cos(k y)e-jk x e j t vy(y,t)= 0 ; y=0,a xy } Propagation · Plane waves - High order Modes x n a p(x,y,t)=pn cos( y;4 Propagation · Circular duct ­ Helical waves (spiralling waves) kc=m/a kz kH Projection: Propagation #12

  20. Colorado: Isothermal Battery Calorimeter Quantifies Heat Flow...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Isothermal Battery Calorimeter Quantifies Heat Flow, Helps Make Safer, Longer-lasting Batteries Colorado: Isothermal Battery Calorimeter Quantifies Heat Flow, Helps Make Safer,...

  1. Integrated Nozzle Flow, Spray, Combustion, & Emission Modeling...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Nozzle Flow, Spray, Combustion, & Emission Modeling using KH-ACT Primary Breakup Model & Detailed Chemistry Integrated Nozzle Flow, Spray, Combustion, & Emission Modeling using...

  2. Automation of radiochemical analysis by applying flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sánchez, David

    of detection systems, including scintillation counting, a-spectrometers, proportional counters, mass spectrometry and spectrophotometry. ª 2010 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Keywords: Flow-analysis technique; Flow

  3. Higher-Order, Space-Time Adaptive Finite Volume Methods: Algorithms, Analysis and Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Minion, Michael

    2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The four main goals outlined in the proposal for this project were: 1. Investigate the use of higher-order (in space and time) finite-volume methods for fluid flow problems. 2. Explore the embedding of iterative temporal methods within traditional block-structured AMR algorithms. 3. Develop parallel in time methods for ODEs and PDEs. 4. Work collaboratively with the Center for Computational Sciences and Engineering (CCSE) at Lawrence Berkeley National Lab towards incorporating new algorithms within existing DOE application codes.

  4. Large elliptic flow in low multiplicity pp collisions at LHC energy $\\sqrt{s}$=14 TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. K. Chaudhuri

    2010-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore the possibility of observing elliptic flow in low multiplicity events in central pp collisions at LHC energy, $\\sqrt{s}$=14 TeV. It is assumed that the initial interactions produces a number of hot spots. Hydrodynamical evolution of two or more hot spots can generate sufficiently large elliptic flow to be accessible experimentally in 4-th order cumulant analysis.

  5. Minimum Stream Flow Standards (Connecticut)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These regulations apply to all dams and structures which impound or divert waters on rivers or their tributaries, with some exceptions. The regulations set standards for minimum flow (listed in the...

  6. Nodes, modes and flow codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karniadakis, G.E.; Orszag, S.A. (Princeton Univ., NJ (United States))

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Computational fluid dynamics and the numerical prediction of fluid flow in the understanding and modeling of turbulence is discussed with emphasis on the development of direct numerical simulation (DNS) of high-Reynolds number turbulent flows. Recent advances in computer systems and their use in turbulence simulation are reviewed and the need for parallel processing to achieve teraflop speeds necessary for DNS is discussed. Computer system architectures, nodes, and parallel computers currently in use are reviewed. Spectral, spectral-element, particle, and hybrid difference methods of solving incompressible- and compressible-flow problems are examined. Four applications of parallel computers to turbulent flow problems are presented and future developments in computer systems are discussed. 24 refs.

  7. Miniaturized flow injection analysis system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Folta, James A. (Livermore, CA)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A chemical analysis technique known as flow injection analysis, wherein small quantities of chemical reagents and sample are intermixed and reacted within a capillary flow system and the reaction products are detected optically, electrochemically, or by other means. A highly miniaturized version of a flow injection analysis system has been fabricated utilizing microfabrication techniques common to the microelectronics industry. The microflow system uses flow capillaries formed by etching microchannels in a silicon or glass wafer followed by bonding to another wafer, commercially available microvalves bonded directly to the microflow channels, and an optical absorption detector cell formed near the capillary outlet, with light being both delivered and collected with fiber optics. The microflow system is designed mainly for analysis of liquids and currently measures 38.times.25.times.3 mm, but can be designed for gas analysis and be substantially smaller in construction.

  8. Message Flow Modulator Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Robert Stephen

    operational environment at the Patuxent River Naval Air Test Center with scenarios developed by an independent in testing and demonstrating the flow modulator at the Patuxent River Naval Air Test Center. #12; MESSAGE

  9. Capillary flows in flexible structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoberg, Theresa B. (Theresa Blinn)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Interactions between capillary and elastic effects are relevant to a variety of applications, from micro- and nano-scale manufacturing to biological systems. In this thesis, we investigate capillary flows in extremely ...

  10. Mechanical design of flow batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopkins, Brandon J. (Brandon James)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this research is to investigate the design of low-cost, high-efficiency flow batteries. Researchers are searching for next-generation battery materials, and this thesis presents a systems analysis encompassing ...

  11. 2007 Estimated International Energy Flows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, C A; Belles, R D; Simon, A J

    2011-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    An energy flow chart or 'atlas' for 136 countries has been constructed from data maintained by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and estimates of energy use patterns for the year 2007. Approximately 490 exajoules (460 quadrillion BTU) of primary energy are used in aggregate by these countries each year. While the basic structure of the energy system is consistent from country to country, patterns of resource use and consumption vary. Energy can be visualized as it flows from resources (i.e. coal, petroleum, natural gas) through transformations such as electricity generation to end uses (i.e. residential, commercial, industrial, transportation). These flow patterns are visualized in this atlas of 136 country-level energy flow charts.

  12. particle flow for nonlinear filters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dobigeon, Nicolas

    particle flow for nonlinear filters Fred Daum 19 June 2012 Copyright © 2012 Raytheon Company. All rights reserved. Customer Success Is Our Mission is a trademark of Raytheon Company. 1 #12;discrete time

  13. Multiscale modeling in granular flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rycroft, Christopher Harley

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Granular materials are common in everyday experience, but have long-resisted a complete theoretical description. Here, we consider the regime of slow, dense granular flow, for which there is no general model, representing ...

  14. Field Flows of Dark Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cahn, Robert N.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Field Flows of Dark Energy Robert N. Cahn, Roland de Putter,July 8, 2008) Scalar ?eld dark energy evolving from a longthe key aspects of the dark energy evolution during much of

  15. Longitudinal dispersion in vegetated flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Enda

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Vegetation is ubiquitous in rivers, estuaries and wetlands, strongly influencing both water conveyance and mass transport. The plant canopy affects both mean and turbulent flow structure, and thus both advection and ...

  16. Subcooled flow boiling of fluorocarbons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Richard Walter

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A study was conducted of heat transfer and hydrodynamic behavior for subcooled flow boiling of Freon-113, one of a group of fluorocarbons suitable for use in cooling of high-power-density electronic components. Problems ...

  17. Modeling for Free Surface Flow with Phase Change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luo Xiaoyong; Ni Mingjiu; Ying, Alice; Abdou, M. [University of California, Los Angeles (United States)

    2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of predictive capability for free surface flow with phase change is essential to evaluate liquid wall protection schemes for various fusion chambers in IFE and MFE. This paper presents a numerical methodology for free surface flow with heat and mass transfer to help resolve feasibility issues encountered in the aforementioned fusion engineering fields. The numerical methodology is conducted within the framework of the incompressible flow with the heat and mass transfer model. We present a new second-order projection method, in conjunction with Approximate-Factorization techniques (AF method) for incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. The level set method was used to capture the free surface of the flow and the deformation of the droplets accurately. This numerical investigation identifies the physics characterizing transient heat and mass transfer of the droplet and the free surface flow. The preliminary results show that the numerical methodology is successful in modeling the free surface with heat and mass transfer, though some severe deformation such as breaking and merging occurs. The versatility of the numerical methodology shows that the work can easily handle complex physical conditions in fusion science and engineering.

  18. Unstructured spectral element methods of simulation of turbulent flows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henderson, R.D. [California Inst. of Technology, Pasadena, CA (United States)] [California Inst. of Technology, Pasadena, CA (United States); Karniadakis, G.E. [Brown Univ., Providence, RI (United States)] [Brown Univ., Providence, RI (United States)

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we present a spectral element-Fourier algorithm for simulating incompressible turbulent flows in complex geometries using unstructured quadrilateral meshes. To this end, we compare two different interface formulations for extending the conforming spectral element method in order to allow for surgical mesh refinement and still retain spectral accuracy: the Zanolli iterative procedure and variational patching based on auxiliary {open_quotes}mortar{close_quotes} functions. We present an interpretation of the original mortar element method as a patching scheme and develop direct and iterative solution techniques that make the method efficient for simulations of turbulent flows. The properties of the new method are analyzed in detail by studying the eigenspectra of the advection and diffusion operators. We then present numerical results that illustrate the flexibility as well as the exponential convergence of the new algorithm for nonconforming discretizations. We conclude with simulation studies of the turbulent cylinder wake at Re = 1000 (external flow) and turbulent flow over riblets at Re = 3280 (internal flow). 36 refs., 29 figs., 7 tabs.

  19. Stochastic dynamics of active swimmers in linear flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mario Sandoval; Navaneeth K. M.; Ganesh Subramanian; Eric Lauga

    2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Most classical work on the hydrodynamics of low-Reynolds-number swimming addresses deterministic locomotion in quiescent environments. Thermal fluctuations in fluids are known to lead to a Brownian loss of the swimming direction. As most cells or synthetic swimmers are immersed in external flows, we consider theoretically in this paper the stochastic dynamics of a model active particle (a self-propelled sphere) in a steady general linear flow. The stochasticity arises both from translational diffusion in physical space, and from a combination of rotary diffusion and run-and-tumble dynamics in orientation space. We begin by deriving a general formulation for all components of the long-time mean square displacement tensor for a swimmer with a time-dependent swimming velocity and whose orientation decorrelates due to rotary diffusion alone. This general framework is applied to obtain the convectively enhanced mean-squared displacements of a steadily-swimming particle in three canonical linear flows (extension, simple shear, and solid-body rotation). We then show how to extend our results to the case where the swimmer orientation also decorrelates on account of run-and-tumble dynamics. Self-propulsion in general leads to the same long-time temporal scalings as for passive particles in linear flows but with increased coefficients. In the particular case of solid-body rotation, the effective long-time diffusion is the same as that in a quiescent fluid, and we clarify the lack of flow-dependence by briefly examining the dynamics in elliptic linear flows. By comparing the new active terms with those obtained for passive particles we see that swimming can lead to an enhancement of the mean-square displacements by orders of magnitude, and could be relevant for biological organisms or synthetic swimming devices in fluctuating environmental or biological flows.

  20. Supplier Identify Need Determine Best Value & Select Supplier Place Order Receive Order Payment Close Order, Inventory, Recycle Non-Preferred

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    Close Order, Inventory, Recycle Non-Preferred Vendor/Non-Catalog REQuisition Approver(s) receive or service by an external company For purchases of goods over $5000, follow inventory process Ready to dispose or recycle? See Equipment Inventory & Disposal policy Yes Requestor creates a non

  1. An order-theoretic quantification of contextuality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ian T. Durham

    2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    In this essay, I develop order-theoretic notions of determinism and contextuality on domains and topoi. In the process, I develop a method for quantifying contextuality and show that the order-theoretic sense of contextuality is analogous to the sense embodied in the topos-theoretic statement of the Kochen-Specker theorem. Additionally, I argue that this leads to a relation between the entropy associated with measurements on quantum systems and the second law of thermodynamics. The idea that the second law has its origin in the ordering of quantum states and processes dates to at least 1958 and possibly earlier. The suggestion that the mechanism behind this relation is contextuality, is made here for the first time.

  2. Two orders of teleost fish, the Gymnotiformes from South America and the Mormyroidei in Africa, have independently

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoddard, Philip

    Two orders of teleost fish, the Gymnotiformes from South America and the Mormyroidei in Africa flowing through sensory electroreceptor organs in the fish's skin. Electric fish can locate and identify been made in studies of electric fish and the central neurophysiology of electrosensory systems

  3. Non-linear PetrovGalerkin methods for reduced order hyperbolic equations and discontinuous finite element methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navon, Michael

    . Introduction Reduced order model (ROM) technology is a rapidly growing discipline, with significant potential technique, it is possible to extract a set of modes characteristic of the database which constitutes of the kinetic energy of the flow. The leading POD modes are not able to dissipate enough energy since the main

  4. Why Insertion Turbine Meters are Replacing Orifice Plates for Steam Flow Measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rusnak, J. J.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    WHY INSERTION TURBINE MBTBRS A E REPLACING ORIFICE PLATES FOR STEAM FLOW MEASURE ENT J. J. Rusnak Engineering Measurements Company Longmont, Colorado ABSTRACT Flow measurement is a complex and application related discipline. It borders... to be instrumented quickly, economically and without dis rupting production; and further, these meters had to be accurate in order to be useful in making energy saving decisions. Thus, the entry of the insertion turbine meter for steam in 1975. Since then it has...

  5. Full-field velocity measurements of single and two phase flows using digital pulsed laser velocimetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canaan, Robert Ernst

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    particles. The use of a cylindrical constant heat flux emitting conductor enabled full-field velocity measurement of unsteady natural convective flows over a wide range of single phase flow regimes. The method was additionally extended to the measurement... and will utilize a constant heat flux emitting electrical conductor in order to represent a simple model of a nuclear reactor fuel element vertically positioned within a rectangular coolant channel. Natural convective cooling is of particularly recent concern...

  6. Representations of the groups of order 64

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Roger Finn

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -seven groups of order 64 are divided into twenty-seven families, . The families are denoted by 0, i = 1 2, . . . , 27. 1 Definition 2. 9. Two groups belong to the same ~famil if they are isoclinic. Definition 2. 10. The groups of lowest order in a family.... Then Z (G) = C 0( C and G/Z (G) = 16 I'2 al. As in the previous example G/2 (G) consists of the following cosets: g ' = (1, 2, 3, 4) g ' = (5678) 16' = (61, 62, 63, 64) 15 The following table was calculated using a representative ele- ment from...

  7. Dual order parameters and the deconfinement transition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian S. Fischer; Jens A. Mueller

    2009-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the chiral and the deconfinement transition within the framework of Dyson-Schwinger equations using quenched lattice data for the temperature dependent gluon propagator as input. We extract corresponding order parameters from the Landau gauge quark propagator with U(1)-valued boundary conditions. We study the chiral transition using the conventional quark condensate, whereas for the deconfinement transition we determine the dual condensate ('dressed Polyakov loop'). In addition we consider an alternative order parameter for deconfinement, the dual scalar quark dressing function. As a result we find almost the same transition temperatures for the chiral and deconfinement transitions.

  8. Word Order Variables in Patzun Kaqchikel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Sok-Ju

    2011-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    clauses as in (1), transitive clauses with two DPs show SVO, VOS, and VSO word order. Consider the following sentences. (2) a. ri acin x-u-p’en ri c’aket def man com-3sE-make def chair...+statement In (2), the possibility of statement and question interpretations depends on SVO, VOS, and VSO word orders. In (2a), both statements and questions are possible in SVO clauses. In the verb- initial clauses as in (2b-c), if two DPs are definite...

  9. GreenOrder | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG ContractingGreenOrder Jump to: navigation, search Name: GreenOrder

  10. Flow Duration Curve Load Duration Curve

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flow Duration Curve Load Duration Curve 1. Develop Flow Duration Curve 2. Estimate load given flow and concentration data--select appropriate conversion factors 3. Develop Load Duration Curve 4. Plot observed data with Load Duration Curve What are they? How do you make one? Describes the percent of time a flow rate

  11. Time integration for diffuse interface models for two-phase flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aland, Sebastian, E-mail: sebastian.aland@tu-dresden.de

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a variant of the ?-scheme for diffuse interface models for two-phase flow, together with three new linearization techniques for the surface tension. These involve either additional stabilizing force terms, or a fully implicit coupling of the Navier–Stokes and Cahn–Hilliard equation. In the common case that the equations for interface and flow are coupled explicitly, we find a time step restriction which is very different to other two-phase flow models and in particular is independent of the grid size. We also show that the proposed stabilization techniques can lift this time step restriction. Even more pronounced is the performance of the proposed fully implicit scheme which is stable for arbitrarily large time steps. We demonstrate in a Taylor-flow application that this superior coupling between flow and interface equation can decrease the computation time by several orders of magnitude.

  12. A study on the flow of molten iron in the hearth of blast furnace

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suh, Y.K.; Lee, Y.J.; Baik, C.Y. [Pohang Iron and Steel Co., Ltd. (Korea, Republic of). Technical Research Labs.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The flow of molten iron in the hearth of blast furnace was investigated by using a water model test and a numerical simulation. The water model apparatus was set up in order to evaluate the effects of coke size, coke bed structure, drain rate, and coke free space on the fluidity of molten iron through measurement of residence time and visualization of flow pattern. In addition, the flow was calculated by solving momentum equation in porous media using finite element method. The residence time increased with the coke size decrease, but decreased with the drain rate increase. If small coke was placed in the center of deadman, peripheral flow was enhanced. The flow path was changed due to the coke free space.

  13. Metl-Span: Order (2013-CE-5352)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Metl-Span LLC to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Metl-Span had failed to certify that any basic models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  14. Equivalence and Order Section 1: Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Daniel

    Unit EO Equivalence and Order Section 1: Equivalence The concept of an equivalence relation to us, as "equivalence relation" turns out to be just another name for "partition of a set." Our start with the definition. Definition 1 (Equivalence relation) An equivalence relation on a set

  15. Thermo Products: Order (2011-SE-1603)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Thermo Products, LLC, to pay a $6,000 civil penalty after finding Thermo Products had failed to conduct the required testing to certify that certain models of central air conditioning heat pumps comply with the applicable energy conservation standard.

  16. Kingspan Insulated Panels: Order (2013-CE-5353)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Kingspan Insulated Panels, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Kingspan Insulated Panels had failed to certify that any basic models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  17. GE Lighting Solutions: Order (2013-SE-4901)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered General Electric Lighting Solutions, LLC to pay a $5,360 civil penalty after finding GE Lighting Solutions had manufactured and distributed in commerce in the U.S. 30 units of basic model DR4-RTFB-23B and 177 units (of which 85 units remain in inventory) of basic model DR4-RTFB-77A-002, noncompliant traffic signal modules.

  18. R-Cold: Order (2013-CE-5354)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered R-Cold, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding R-Cold had failed to certify that any basic models of walk-in cooler or freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  19. KClMoOOfefc Ordering Phenomena and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;Abstract This report falls within the general field of ordering processes and .i been calculated in both two and three dimensions by Monte Carlo simulation. We report on results obtained from large scale computations on the Connection Machine, which are in excellent agreement

  20. American Cooler Technologies: Order (2013-CE-5305)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered American Cooler Technologies to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding American Cooler Technologies had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in coolers or freezers (WICF) components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  1. MC Appliance: Order (2012-CE-1508)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered CNA International Inc. d/b/a MC Appliance Corporation to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding MC Appliance had failed to certify that certain models of room air conditioners comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  2. Lutron Electronics: Order (2012-SE-3796)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Lutron Electronics Co., Inc. to pay a $13,000 civil penalty after finding Lutron Electronics had manufactured and distributed in commerce in the U.S. at least 79,000 units of various basic models, noncompliant Class A external power supplies.

  3. Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Order (2013-CE-5342)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing Company, LLC to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  4. Commercial Refrigerator Door: Order (2013-CE-5351)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Commercial Refrigerator Door Company, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Commercial Refrigerator Door had failed to certify that a variety of models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  5. North Star Refrigerator: Order (2013-CE-5355)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered North Star Refrigerator Co., Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding North Star Refrigerator had failed to certify that any basic models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  6. Side Orders Potato Wedges 1.60

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixon, Peter

    Side Orders Potato Wedges £1.60 Choose your dip from: Soured Cream, Spicy Salsa or Barbecue Potato Wedges topped with Cheese £2.00 Choose your dip from: Soured Cream, Spicy Salsa or Barbecue Potato Wedges leaf salad, potato wedges and a soured cream dip. Refried Bean Burrito £5.25 Refried beans, onions

  7. Mirrored serpentine flow channels for fuel cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rock, Jeffrey Allan (Rochester, NY)

    2000-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A PEM fuel cell having serpentine flow field channels wherein the input/inlet legs of each channel border the input/inlet legs of the next adjacent channels in the same flow field, and the output/exit legs of each channel border the output/exit legs of the next adjacent channels in the same flow field. The serpentine fuel flow channels may be longer, and may contain more medial legs, than the serpentine oxidant flow channels.

  8. Modified Knudsen ansatz and elliptic flow in $\\sqrt{s}$=14 TeV pp collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, A K

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Assuming that hot spots are formed in initial pp collisions, in a modified Knudsen ansatz, which accounts for the entropy generation in viscous fluid evolution, we have given predictions for elliptic flow in $\\sqrt{s}$=14 TeV pp collisions. Predicted flow depends on the number of hot spots and hot spot sizes. If two to four hot spots of size $\\approx$0.1 fm are formed in initial pp collisions, in events with multiplicity $n_ {mult}\\approx$10-15, modified Knudsen ansatz predicted flow is accessible experimentally in 4th order cumulant method.

  9. Modified Knudsen ansatz and elliptic flow in $\\sqrt{s}$=14 TeV pp collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. K. Chaudhuri

    2011-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Assuming that hot spots are formed in initial pp collisions, in a modified Knudsen ansatz, which accounts for the entropy generation in viscous fluid evolution, we have given predictions for elliptic flow in $\\sqrt{s}$=14 TeV pp collisions. Predicted flow depends on the number of hot spots and hot spot sizes. If two to four hot spots of size $\\approx$0.1 fm are formed in initial pp collisions, in events with multiplicity $n_ {mult}\\approx$10-15, modified Knudsen ansatz predicted flow is accessible experimentally in 4th order cumulant method.

  10. Rheo-optical determination of flow birefringence and flow dichroism with the pulsed laser method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rheo-optical determination of flow birefringence and flow dichroism with the pulsed laser method online 29 August 2006 Rheo-optical measurements of the flow birefringence, flow dichroism systems under flow. However, the standard setup of an optical train, using phase modulation for the rheo-optical

  11. Connectivity due to preferential flow controls water flow and solute transport at the hillslope scale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiler, Markus

    feedback, flow through the fractured bedrock, kinematic wave routing and flow through discrete preferentialConnectivity due to preferential flow controls water flow and solute transport at the hillslope the major controls on water flow and solute transport at the hillslope scale remains a major topic

  12. Exploring intertwined orders in cuprate superconductors

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Tranquada, John M.

    2015-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The concept of intertwined orders has been introduced to describe the cooperative relationship between antiferromagnetic spin correlations and electron (or hole) pair correlations that develop in copper-oxide superconductors. This contrasts with systems in which, for example, charge-density-wave (CDW) order competes for Fermi surface area with superconductivity. La2-xBaxCuO4 with x = 0.125 provides an example in which the ordering of spin stripes coincides with the onset of two-dimensional superconducting correlations. The apparent frustration of the interlayer Josephson coupling has motivated the concept of the pair-density-wave superconductor, a state that theoretical calculations show to be energetically competitive with the uniform d-wave superconductor.more »Even at x = 0.095, where there is robust superconductivity below 32 K in zero field, the coexistence of strong, low-energy, incommensurate spin excitations implies a spatially modulated and intertwined pair wave function. Recent observations of CDW order in YBa2Cu3O6+x and other cuprate families have raised interesting questions regarding the general role of charge modulations and the relation to superconductivity. While there are differences in the doping dependence of the modulation wave vectors in YBa2Cu3O6+x and La2-xBaxCuO4, the maximum ordering strength is peaked at the hole concentration of 1/8 in both cases. There are also possible connections with the quantum oscillations that have been detected about the same hole concentration but at high magnetic fields. Resolving these relationships remains a research challenge.« less

  13. Exploring intertwined orders in cuprate superconductors

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Tranquada, John M. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Condensed Matter Physics & Materials Science Dept.

    2015-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The concept of intertwined orders has been introduced to describe the cooperative relationship between antiferromagnetic spin correlations and electron (or hole) pair correlations that develop in copper-oxide superconductors. This contrasts with systems in which, for example, charge-density-wave (CDW) order competes for Fermi surface area with superconductivity. La2-xBaxCuO4 with x = 0.125 provides an example in which the ordering of spin stripes coincides with the onset of two-dimensional superconducting correlations. The apparent frustration of the interlayer Josephson coupling has motivated the concept of the pair-density-wave superconductor, a state that theoretical calculations show to be energetically competitive with the uniform d-wave superconductor. Even at x = 0.095, where there is robust superconductivity below 32 K in zero field, the coexistence of strong, low-energy, incommensurate spin excitations implies a spatially modulated and intertwined pair wave function. Recent observations of CDW order in YBa2Cu3O6+x and other cuprate families have raised interesting questions regarding the general role of charge modulations and the relation to superconductivity. While there are differences in the doping dependence of the modulation wave vectors in YBa2Cu3O6+x and La2-xBaxCuO4, the maximum ordering strength is peaked at the hole concentration of 1/8 in both cases. There are also possible connections with the quantum oscillations that have been detected about the same hole concentration but at high magnetic fields. Resolving these relationships remains a research challenge.

  14. Monitoring probe for groundwater flow

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Looney, B.B.; Ballard, S.

    1994-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A monitoring probe for detecting groundwater migration is disclosed. The monitor features a cylinder made of a permeable membrane carrying an array of electrical conductivity sensors on its outer surface. The cylinder is filled with a fluid that has a conductivity different than the groundwater. The probe is placed in the ground at an area of interest to be monitored. The fluid, typically saltwater, diffuses through the permeable membrane into the groundwater. The flow of groundwater passing around the permeable membrane walls of the cylinder carries the conductive fluid in the same general direction and distorts the conductivity field measured by the sensors. The degree of distortion from top to bottom and around the probe is precisely related to the vertical and horizontal flow rates, respectively. The electrical conductivities measured by the sensors about the outer surface of the probe are analyzed to determine the rate and direction of the groundwater flow. 4 figs.

  15. Monitoring probe for groundwater flow

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Looney, Brian B. (Aiken, SC); Ballard, Sanford (Albuquerque, NM)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A monitoring probe for detecting groundwater migration. The monitor features a cylinder made of a permeable membrane carrying an array of electrical conductivity sensors on its outer surface. The cylinder is filled with a fluid that has a conductivity different than the groundwater. The probe is placed in the ground at an area of interest to be monitored. The fluid, typically saltwater, diffuses through the permeable membrane into the groundwater. The flow of groundwater passing around the permeable membrane walls of the cylinder carries the conductive fluid in the same general direction and distorts the conductivity field measured by the sensors. The degree of distortion from top to bottom and around the probe is precisely related to the vertical and horizontal flow rates, respectively. The electrical conductivities measured by the sensors about the outer surface of the probe are analyzed to determine the rate and direction of the groundwater flow.

  16. High gas flow alpha detector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bolton, R.D.; Bounds, J.A.; Rawool-Sullivan, M.W.

    1996-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    An alpha detector for application in areas of high velocity gas flows, such as smokestacks and air vents. A plurality of spaced apart signal collectors are placed inside an enclosure, which would include smokestacks and air vents, in sufficient numbers to substantially span said enclosure so that gas ions generated within the gas flow are electrostatically captured by the signal collector means. Electrometer means and a voltage source are connected to the signal collectors to generate an electrical field between adjacent signal collectors, and to indicate a current produced through collection of the gas ions by the signal collectors. 4 figs.

  17. High gas flow alpha detector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bolton, Richard D. (Los Alamos, NM); Bounds, John A. (Los Alamos, NM); Rawool-Sullivan, Mohini W. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An alpha detector for application in areas of high velocity gas flows, such as smokestacks and air vents. A plurality of spaced apart signal collectors are placed inside an enclosure, which would include smokestacks and air vents, in sufficient numbers to substantially span said enclosure so that gas ions generated within the gas flow are electrostatically captured by the signal collector means. Electrometer means and a voltage source are connected to the signal collectors to generate an electrical field between adjacent signal collectors, and to indicate a current produced through collection of the gas ions by the signal collectors.

  18. Non-Newtonian fluid flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osinski, Charles Anthony

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    zero and unity. The Ostwald- de Waele Equation (4), commonly known as the power law, is sometimes used to describe fluid behavior of this type. The rheological equation is (4) where the parameters "k" and "n" are constant for a particular fluid... be extended to include Reynolds numbers and the type of flow determined to be laminar and/or turbulent. It is assumed that the transition from laminar to turbulent flow occurs at a Reynolds number of 2100, the numeric distribution of Reynolds numbers...

  19. Nuclear reactor downcomer flow deflector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gilmore, Charles B. (Greensburg, PA); Altman, David A. (Pittsburgh, PA); Singleton, Norman R. (Murrysville, PA)

    2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A nuclear reactor having a coolant flow deflector secured to a reactor core barrel in line with a coolant inlet nozzle. The flow deflector redirects incoming coolant down an annulus between the core barrel and the reactor vessel. The deflector has a main body with a front side facing the fluid inlet nozzle and a rear side facing the core barrel. The rear side of the main body has at least one protrusion secured to the core barrel so that a gap exists between the rear side of the main body adjacent the protrusion and the core barrel. Preferably, the protrusion is a relief that circumscribes the rear side of the main body.

  20. Interfacial flows in corrugated microchannels: flow regimes, transitions and hysteresis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, James J.

    , 1266-1276 (2011), doi:10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2011.08.003 #12;model, microfluidics, porous media 1 of displacing oil by water in enhanced oil recovery (Marle, 1981; Lenormand et al., 1988). More recently on hy- drodynamic principles and concrete flow mechanisms. In fact, conflicting assumptions have been

  1. Revising partial pre-orders with partial pre-orders: A unit-based revision framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Weiru

    Revising partial pre-orders with partial pre-orders: A unit-based revision framework Jianbing Ma1, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT9 5BN, UK, email: {jma03, w.liu}@qub.ac.uk 2 CRIL-CNRS, UMR 8188@cril.fr Abstract Belief revision studies strategies about how agents revise their belief states when receiving new

  2. SYMMETRY CHANGES AND DIPOLE ORDERINGS IN THE SMECTIC A TO C PHASE TRANSITIONS OF SECOND ORDER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    exhibiting dipole ordering. A simple argument based on a mean-field calculation of the dipole- dipole energy phase. Recently the interest in this question was renewed by the first clear-cut evidence of dipole ordering in liquid crystals has not been studied from a general Article published online by EDP Sciences

  3. Cooperativity and Contact Order in Protein Folding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marek Cieplak

    2004-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of cooperativity are studied within Go-Lennard-Jones models of proteins by making the contact interactions dependent on the proximity to the native conformation. The kinetic universality classes are found to remain the same as in the absence of cooperativity. For a fixed native geometry, small changes in the effective contact map may affect the folding times in a chance way and to the extent that is comparable to the shift in the folding times due to cooperativity. The contact order controlls folding scenarios: the average times necessary to bring pairs of amino acids into their near native separations depend on the sequential distances within the pairs. This dependence is largely monotonic, regardless of the cooperativity, and the dominant trend could be described by a single parameter like the average contact order. However, it is the deviations from the trend which are usually found to set the net folding times.

  4. Growing quantum states with topological order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letscher, Fabian; Fleischhauer, Michael

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss a protocol for growing states with topological order in interacting many-body systems using a sequence of flux quanta and particle insertion. We first consider a simple toy model, the superlattice Bose Hubbard model, to explain all required ingredients. Our protocol is then applied to fractional quantum Hall systems in both, continuum and lattice. We investigate in particular how the fidelity, with which a topologically ordered state can be grown, scales with increasing particle number N. For small systems exact diagonalization methods are used. To treat large systems with many particles, we introduce an effective model based on the composite fermion description of the fractional quantum Hall effect. This model also allows to take into account the effects of dispersive bands and edges in the system, which will be discussed in detail.

  5. Court finds implied power to order refunds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Oregon Court of Appeals has ruled that the state Public Utility Commission may require refunds of excess revenues collected under temporary rates that are subsequently found illegal, and that such refunds do not violate the rule against retroactive ratemaking. The case involved a 1989 order directing Pacific Northwest Bell Telephone Co. to refund a $10 million over-collection to customers. The Commission had defended its authority to force refunds of interim rates. The appeals court rejected the Commission's rationale, but upheld the refund order. It explained that Pacific Northwest was not entitled to keep excess revenues collected under an interim rate schedule that did not comply with its authorized revenue level. One judge dissented.

  6. Holography as a highly efficient RG flow : Part 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behr, Nicolas; Mukhopadhyay, Ayan

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate how the holographic correspondence can be reconstructed as a special RG flow in a strongly interacting large $N$ field theory. We firstly define a "highly efficient RG flow" as one in which the cut-off in momentum space can be adjusted as a functional of the elementary fields, and of the external sources and of the background metric in order to be compatible with the following requirement: the Ward identities for single-trace operators involving conservation of energy, momentum and global charges must preserve the same form at every scale. In order to absorb the contributions of the multi-trace operators to these effective Ward identities, the external sources and the background metric need to be redefined at each scale, and thus they become dynamical as in the dual gravity equations. We give a schematic construction of such highly efficient RG flows using appropriate collective variables, leaving a more explicit construction in certain limits to the second part of this work. We find that all h...

  7. The conformation change of model polymers in stochastic flow fields: Flow through fixed beds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaqfeh, Eric

    The conformation change of model polymers in stochastic flow fields: Flow through fixed beds Alisa that as a polymer solution flows through a fixed bed, the pressure drop neces- sary to pump the solution may

  8. Optical waveguides having flattened high order modes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Messerly, Michael Joseph; Beach, Raymond John; Heebner, John Edward; Dawson, Jay Walter; Pax, Paul Henry

    2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A deterministic methodology is provided for designing optical fibers that support field-flattened, ring-like higher order modes. The effective and group indices of its modes can be tuned by adjusting the widths of the guide's field-flattened layers or the average index of certain groups of layers. The approach outlined here provides a path to designing fibers that simultaneously have large mode areas and large separations between the propagation constants of its modes.

  9. Jet Veto Clustering Logarithms Beyond Leading Order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simone Alioli; Jonathan R. Walsh

    2014-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Many experimental analyses separate events into exclusive jet bins, using a jet algorithm to cluster the final state and then veto on jets. Jet clustering induces logarithmic dependence on the jet radius R in the cross section for exclusive jet bins, a dependence that is poorly controlled due to the non-global nature of the clustering. At jet radii of experimental interest, the leading order (LO) clustering effects are numerically significant, but the higher order effects are currently unknown. We rectify this situation by calculating the most important part of the next-to-leading order (NLO) clustering logarithms of R for any 0-jet process, which enter as $O(\\alpha_s^3)$ corrections to the cross section. The calculation blends subtraction methods for NLO calculations with factorization properties of QCD and soft-collinear effective theory (SCET). We compare the size of the known LO and new NLO clustering logarithms and find that the impact of the NLO terms on the 0-jet cross section in Higgs production is small. This brings clustering effects under better control and may be used to improve uncertainty estimates on cross sections with a jet veto.

  10. Order of wetting transitions in electrolyte solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ibagon, Ingrid, E-mail: ingrid@is.mpg.de; Bier, Markus, E-mail: bier@is.mpg.de; Dietrich, S. [Max-Planck-Institut für Intelligente Systeme, Heisenbergstr. 3, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany and IV. Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 57, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institut für Intelligente Systeme, Heisenbergstr. 3, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany and IV. Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 57, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany)

    2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    For wetting films in dilute electrolyte solutions close to charged walls we present analytic expressions for their effective interface potentials. The analysis of these expressions renders the conditions under which corresponding wetting transitions can be first- or second-order. Within mean field theory we consider two models, one with short- and one with long-ranged solvent-solvent and solvent-wall interactions. The analytic results reveal in a transparent way that wetting transitions in electrolyte solutions, which occur far away from their critical point (i.e., the bulk correlation length is less than half of the Debye length) are always first-order if the solvent-solvent and solvent-wall interactions are short-ranged. In contrast, wetting transitions close to the bulk critical point of the solvent (i.e., the bulk correlation length is larger than the Debye length) exhibit the same wetting behavior as the pure, i.e., salt-free, solvent. If the salt-free solvent is governed by long-ranged solvent-solvent as well as long-ranged solvent-wall interactions and exhibits critical wetting, adding salt can cause the occurrence of an ion-induced first-order thin-thick transition which precedes the subsequent continuous wetting as for the salt-free solvent.

  11. Scaling behaviour of clay-rich submarine debris flows D. Isslera,b,*, F.V. De Blasioa,b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mixing of the shear layer with ambient water or hydro-planing must be invoked in order to explain). In order to back-calculate past events or predict the effects of possible future events (e.g. the run.) Their finding b!0 implies that the slide/flow mechanics differs fundamentally from that of a solid block

  12. Interface effects on multiphase flows in porous media

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Duan Z [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most models for multiphase flows in a porous medium are based on the straightforward extension of Darcy's law, in which each fluid phase is driven by its own pressure gradient. The pressure difference between the phases is thought to be an effect of surface tension and is called capillary pressure. Independent of Darcy's law, for liquid imbibition processes in a porous material, diffusion models are sometime used. In this paper, an ensemble phase averaging technique for continuous multi phase flows is applied to derive averaged equations and to examine the validity of the commonly used models. The closure for the averaged equations is quite complicated for general multiphase flows in a porous material. For flows with a small ratio of the characteristic length of the phase interfaces to the macroscopic length, the closure relations can be simplified significantly by an approximation with a second order error in the length ratio. The approximation reveals the information of the length scale separation obscured during the ensemble averaging process, and leads to an equation system similar to Darcy's law, but with additional terms. Based on interactions on phase interfaces, relations among closure quantities are studied.

  13. Superconducting flux flow digital circuits

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hietala, V.M.; Martens, J.S.; Zipperian, T.E.

    1995-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A NOR/inverter logic gate circuit and a flip flop circuit implemented with superconducting flux flow transistors (SFFTs) are disclosed. Both circuits comprise two SFFTs with feedback lines. They have extremely low power dissipation, very high switching speeds, and the ability to interface between Josephson junction superconductor circuits and conventional microelectronics. 8 figs.

  14. Neutrino Factory Mercury Flow Loop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    ­ Could require double containment of mercury ­ Chase will certainly have a drain back into hot cell Decay 2010 #12;Hg Flow Overflow · Minimize pressure drops through piping Overflow Mercury Drain drops Gravity Drain Beam Dumptransitioning to 1 cm nozzle · Actual NF Hg inventory may reach SNS Gravity Drain

  15. Message Flow Modeling Oscar Nierstrasz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nierstrasz, Oscar

    Message Flow Modeling Oscar Nierstrasz and Dennis Tsichritzis Computer Systems Research Group University of Toronto ABSTRACT A message management system provides users with a facility for automatically handling messages. This paper describes a technique for characterizing the behaviour of such a system

  16. Collective flow in small systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piotr Bozek; Wojciech Broniowski

    2014-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The large density of matter in the interaction region of the proton-nucleus or deuteron-nucleus collisions enables the collective expansion of the fireball. Predictions of the hydrodynamic model for the asymmetric transverse flow are presented and compared to experimental data.

  17. Stopping Cooling Flows with Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabrizio Brighenti; William G. Mathews

    2006-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe 2D gasdynamical models of jets that carry mass as well as energy to the hot gas in galaxy clusters. These flows have many attractive attributes for solving the galaxy cluster cooling flow problem: Why the hot gas temperature and density profiles resemble cooling flows but show no spectral evidence of cooling to low temperatures. Using an approximate model for the cluster A1795, we show that mass-carrying jets can reduce the overall cooling rate to or below the low values implied by X-ray spectra. Biconical subrelativistic jets, described with several ad hoc parameters, are assumed to be activated when gas flows toward or cools near a central supermassive black hole. As the jets proceed out from the center they entrain more and more ambient gas. The jets lose internal pressure by expansion and are compressed by the ambient cluster gas, becoming rather difficult to observe. For a wide variety of initial jet parameters and several feedback scenarios the global cooling can be suppressed for many Gyrs while maintaining cluster temperature profiles similar to those observed. The intermittancy of the feedback generates multiple generations of X-ray cavities similar to those observed in the Perseus Cluster and elsewhere.

  18. Flow preconditioner for electrostatic precipitator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Honacker, H.; Drlik, R.J.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A flow preconditioner for an electrostatic precipitator removes particulate matter from a stream of polluted gas immediately after it passes through a tangential inlet at the lower end of a vertical cylindrical housing and straightens and divides the stream into laminations parallel to the axis of the housing. It comprises an annular ledge or choke ring extending inwardly from said housing above the inlet and an assembly of vanes above said ledge extending radially from the axis of the housing and angularly spaced apart. Each of said vanes has a flow receiving edge directed toward said inlet, a curved portion extending upwardly and away from said inlet, and a flat portion extending upwardly from said curved portion in a plane parallel to the housing axis. The curved portion of each vane defines a trough having a camber which gradually decreases along its span from the outer end of the vane towards the axis of the housng, together with means to vary the centrifugal flow distribution relative to the housing to render the preconditioner adjustable for various flow capacities.

  19. Documenting Organizational Process Flow Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    1 Documenting Organizational Processes or Process Flow Modeling Analysis Phase ­ Three Steps that describes (1) the current, and (2) the future structure of an organizational process ·"Natural language ­ An overview of an organizational system showing · system boundaries, · external entities that interact

  20. Flow assurance and multiphase pumping 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikhar, Hemant G.

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    -in-Pipe?????????????????????????????????????. 42 Non-Jacketed Insulation Systems?????????????????????????? 42 Syntactic Insulation?????????????????????????????????. 42 Heating?????????????????????????????????????????? 43 Pipeline Configurations for Heating????????????????????????? 45 Subsea... Various Chemicals Used in Oil and Gas Production Operations????????. 38 15 Seawater Temperature Gradients???????????????????????.. 43 16 Flow Model Schematic?????????????????????????????.. 44 17 Deliverability Affected by Cooling Effect of Pipeline...

  1. Comments on "Microscale flow visualization"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Kwang-Hua Chu

    2005-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We make comments on the presentation of Sinton's paper (Microfluidics and Nanofluidics {\\bf 1}: 2, 2004) about the microscale flow visualization since the effects of the roughness along the microfabricated wall upon the current macroflow visualization methods could be significant and cannot be neglected in microdomain and even nanodomain.

  2. Rinse trough with improved flow

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    O`Hern, T.J.; Grasser, T.W.

    1998-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Novel rinse troughs accomplish thorough uniform rinsing. The troughs are suitable for one or more essentially planar objects having substantially the same shape. The troughs ensure that each surface is rinsed uniformly. The new troughs provide uniform rinse fluid flow over the objects` surfaces to accomplish a more thorough rinse than prior art troughs. 5 figs.

  3. Liquid metal Flow Meter - Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andersen, C.; Hoogendoom, S.; Hudson, B.; Prince, J.; Teichert, K.; Wood, J.; Chase, K.

    2007-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Measuring the flow of liquid metal presents serious challenges. Current commercially-available flow meters use ultrasonic, electromagnetic, and other technologies to measure flow, but are inadequate for liquid metal flow measurement because of the high temperatures required by most liquid metals. As a result of the reactivity and high temperatures of most liquid metals, corrosion and leakage become very serious safety concerns. The purpose of this project is to develop a flow meter for Lockheed Martin that measures the flow rate of molten metal in a conduit.

  4. Experimental investigation and CFD analysis on cross flow in the core of PMR200

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Lee, Jeong-Hun; Yoon, Su-Jong; Cho, Hyoung-Kyu; Jae, Moosung; Park, Goon-Cherl

    2015-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Prismatic Modular Reactor (PMR) is one of the major Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) concepts, which consists of hexagonal prismatic fuel blocks and reflector blocks made of nuclear gradegraphite. However, the shape of the graphite blocks could be easily changed by neutron damage duringthe reactor operation and the shape change can create gaps between the blocks inducing the bypass flow.In the VHTR core, two types of gaps, a vertical gap and a horizontal gap which are called bypass gap and cross gap, respectively, can be formed. The cross gap complicates the flow field in the reactor core by connectingmore »the coolant channel to the bypass gap and it could lead to a loss of effective coolant flow in the fuel blocks. Thus, a cross flow experimental facility was constructed to investigate the cross flow phenomena in the core of the VHTR and a series of experiments were carried out under varying flow rates and gap sizes. The results of the experiments were compared with CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) analysis results in order to verify its prediction capability for the cross flow phenomena. Fairly good agreement was seen between experimental results and CFD predictions and the local characteristics of the cross flow was discussed in detail. Based on the calculation results, pressure loss coefficient across the cross gap was evaluated, which is necessary for the thermo-fluid analysis of the VHTR core using a lumped parameter code.« less

  5. Structure of processes in flow reactor and closed reactor: Flow reactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Structure of processes in flow reactor and closed reactor: Flow reactor Closed reactor Active Zone -- chemical quasi- equilibria, similarity principles and macroscopic kinetics", in: Lectures on Plasma Physics

  6. N site ordering effect on partially ordered Fe{sub 16}N{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ji Nian; Wang Jianping [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The Center for Micromagnetics and Information Technologies (MINT), University of Minnesota, 200 Union St SE, 4-174 EE/CSci, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (United States); Allard, Lawrence F.; Lara-Curzio, Edgar [High Temperature Materials Laboratory, Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1 Bethel Valley Road, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)

    2011-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Partially ordered Fe{sub 16}N{sub 2} thin films have been fabricated on Fe (001)-buffered GaAs (001) single-crystal substrates by a facing target sputtering process. The saturation magnetization has been systematically investigated as a function of N site ordering in partially ordered Fe{sub 16}N{sub 2} thin films, which is found to be increased monotonically with the increase in the N site ordering parameter, reaching up to 2.68 T at high ordering case. A model discussion is provided based on the partial localization of 3d electron states in this material system, which successfully rationalizes the formation of the giant saturation magnetization in chemically ordered Fe{sub 16}N{sub 2}. We further demonstrate that the average magnetic moment of partially ordered Fe{sub 16}N{sub 2} sensitively depends on the special arrangement of Fe{sub 6}N clusters, which is the key to realize high magnetic moment in this material system.

  7. Competition between s-wave order and d-wave order in holographic superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li-Fang Li; Rong-Gen Cai; Li Li; Yong-Qiang Wang

    2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We study competition between s-wave order and d-wave order through two holographic superconductor models. We find that once the coexisting phase appears, it is always thermodynamically favored, and that the coexistence phase is narrow and one condensate tends to kill the other. The phase diagram is constructed for each model in terms of temperature and the ratio of charges of two orders. We further compare the behaviors of some thermodynamic quantities, and discuss the different aspects and identical ones between two models.

  8. Self-heating in kinematically complex magnetohydrodynamic flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osmanov, Zaza; Poedts, Stefaan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The non-modal self-heating mechanism driven by the velocity shear in kinematically complex magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) plasma flows is considered. The study is based on the full set of MHD equations including dissipative terms. The equations are linearized and unstable modes in the flow are looked for. Two different cases are specified and studied: (a) the instability related to an exponential evolution of the wave vector; and (b) the parametric instability, which takes place when the components of the wave vector evolve in time periodically. By examining the dissipative terms, it is shown that the self-heating rate provided by viscous damping is of the same order of magnitude as that due to the magnetic resistivity. It is found that the heating efficiency of the exponential instability is higher than that of the parametric instability.

  9. Soluble Lead Flow Battery: Soluble Lead Flow Battery Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    GRIDS Project: General Atomics is developing a flow battery technology based on chemistry similar to that used in the traditional lead-acid battery found in nearly every car on the road today. Flow batteries store energy in chemicals that are held in tanks outside the battery. When the energy is needed, the chemicals are pumped through the battery. Using the same basic chemistry as a traditional battery but storing its energy outside of the cell allows for the use of very low cost materials. The goal is to develop a system that is far more durable than today’s lead-acid batteries, can be scaled to deliver megawatts of power, and which lowers the cost of energy storage below $100 per kilowatt hour.

  10. QCD as a topologically ordered system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhitnitsky, Ariel R., E-mail: arz@physics.ubc.ca

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We argue that QCD belongs to a topologically ordered phase similar to many well-known condensed matter systems with a gap such as topological insulators or superconductors. Our arguments are based on an analysis of the so-called “deformed QCD” which is a weakly coupled gauge theory, but nevertheless preserves all the crucial elements of strongly interacting QCD, including confinement, nontrivial ? dependence, degeneracy of the topological sectors, etc. Specifically, we construct the so-called topological “BF” action which reproduces the well known infrared features of the theory such as non-dispersive contribution to the topological susceptibility which cannot be associated with any propagating degrees of freedom. Furthermore, we interpret the well known resolution of the celebrated U(1){sub A} problem where the would be ?{sup ?} Goldstone boson generates its mass as a result of mixing of the Goldstone field with a topological auxiliary field characterizing the system. We then identify the non-propagating auxiliary topological field of the BF formulation in deformed QCD with the Veneziano ghost (which plays the crucial role in resolution of the U(1){sub A} problem). Finally, we elaborate on relation between “string-net” condensation in topologically ordered condensed matter systems and long range coherent configurations, the “skeletons”, studied in QCD lattice simulations. -- Highlights: •QCD may belong to a topologically ordered phase similar to condensed matter (CM) systems. •We identify the non-propagating topological field in deformed QCD with the Veneziano ghost. •Relation between “string-net” condensates in CM systems and the “skeletons” in QCD lattice simulations is studied.

  11. Mapping topological order in coordinate space

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bianco, Raffaello; Resta, Raffaele [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Trieste (Italy) and DEMOCRITOS National Simulation Center, IOM-CNR, Trieste (Italy)

    2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The organization of the electrons in the ground state is classified by means of topological invariants, defined as global properties of the wave function. Here we address the Chern number of a two-dimensional insulator and we show that the corresponding topological order can be mapped by means of a ''topological marker'', defined in r space, and which may vary in different regions of the same sample. Notably, this applies equally well to periodic and open boundary conditions. Simulations over a model Hamiltonian validate our theory.

  12. Location of laccase in ordered mesoporous materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mayoral, Álvaro [Laboratorio de Microscopias Avanzadas, Instituto de Nanociencia de Aragon, Universidad de Zaragoza, Edificio I - D, Mariano Esquillor, 50018 Zaragoza (Spain); Gascón, Victoria; Blanco, Rosa M.; Márquez-Álvarez, Carlos; Díaz, Isabel, E-mail: idiaz@icp.csic.es [Instituto de Catálisis y Petroleoquímica, CSIC, c/Marie Curie 2, 28049 Madrid (Spain)

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The functionalization with amine groups was developed on the SBA-15, and its effect in the laccase immobilization was compared with that of a Periodic Mesoporous Aminosilica. A method to encapsulate the laccase in situ has now been developed. In this work, spherical aberration (C{sub s}) corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy combined with high angle annular dark field detector and electron energy loss spectroscopy were applied to identify the exact location of the enzyme in the matrix formed by the ordered mesoporous solids.

  13. Consent Order EA-2000-07

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T, Inc.'sEnergyTexas1.Space DataEnergyCompressedOil,ConnieConsent Order1,

  14. Carib Energy LLC Order | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To Wisdom:Energy Joshua DeLungresearch41-LNG - Order

  15. Representations of groups of order 16

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarthy, Edmond Robert

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , 16) K - {10, 14) The analysis al. so shows that G contains three subgroups H. of order 2; only one of which is normal. This is the i subgroup consisting of the elements (1, 5}. The factor group G/H is isomorphic to C 4 C2. Since the Cayley table..., 13 10, 14 11, 15 37 With this correspondence established we need only refer back to Table II, the character table of C 4 C2, to begin writing out representations of Group Six. For example, in Table II we find D&(3) = -1. If TK...

  16. O:ELECTRICDETROITPP-230-Order.PDF

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in ManyDepartment of EnergyINTERNATIONAL TRANSMISSION COMPANY ORDER

  17. O:\ELECTRIC\ORDERS\EA-223.PDF

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in ManyDepartment of Order No. EA-212-A I. BACKGROUND Exports ofCMS

  18. Administrative Order, June 13, 2000 Summary

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613Portsmouth SitePresentations |State WindEconomic DialogueDepartmentAdministrative Order

  19. First-Order System Least Squares for Second-Order Partial ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dec 6, 2003 ... mixed ?nite element spaces from {27} in order to approximate H (div). However, any ..... Let s : min(k, r) and assume that p E HS+1(Q) and u E.

  20. Decentralized information flow control on a cluster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cliffer, Natan Tsvi Cohen

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Information flow control security models can prevent programs from divulging sensitive information in unexpected ways. There has been significant work on tracking information flow between processes in the same computer at ...

  1. Fluid Gravity Engineering Rocket motor flow analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anand, Mahesh

    Fluid Gravity Engineering Capability · Rocket motor flow analysis -Internal (performance) -External (plume / contamination) · Effect on landing site (surface alteration) -In-depth flow through porous young scientists/engineers Fluid Gravity Engineering Ltd #12;

  2. gtp_flow_power_estimator.xlsx

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This simple spreadsheet model estimates either the flow rate required to produce a specified level of power output, or the power output that can be produced from a specified flow rate.

  3. An optical investigation of air particle flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCluskey, Denise R

    This thesis is a fundamental study of air-particle flow fields where the experimental parameters are characteristics of coal-fired electricity generating stations. The optical flow field measurement technique Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV...

  4. Numerical simulation of electrokinetically driven micro flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hahm, Jungyoon

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in a micro-channel is studied. External electric field, flow rate of pressure driven flow, and geometry in the micro-channel are manipulated to obtain the focusing point, which led to determination of the electrophoretic mobility and (relative...

  5. Anisotropic collective flow of a Lorentz gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas Borghini; Clement Gombeaud

    2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Analytical results for the anisotropic collective flow of a Lorentz gas of massless particles scattering on fixed centres are presented.

  6. Building up the elliptic flow: analytical insights

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoshitaka Hatta; Bo-Wen Xiao

    2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we present a fully analytical description of the early-stage formation of elliptic flow in relativistic viscous hydrodynamics. We first construct an elliptic deformation of Gubser flow which is a boost invariant solution of the Navier-Stokes equation with a nontrivial transverse profile. We then analytically calculate the momentum anisotropy of the flow as a function of time and discuss the connection with the empirical formula by Bhalerao {\\it et al.} regarding the viscosity dependence of elliptic flow.

  7. Geothermal Heat Flow and Existing Geothermal Plants | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Geothermal Heat Flow and Existing Geothermal Plants Geothermal Heat Flow and Existing Geothermal Plants Geothermal Heat Flow and Existing Plants With plants in development. Click...

  8. annular vertical flow: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of the polymer solution only. The linear stability analysis of the flow in the short-wave approximation captures quantitatively the flow diagram. Surprisingly, unstable flows...

  9. Effects of flow cell design on charge percolation and storage...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Electrochemical flow capacitor Energy storage Flow battery Flowable electrode Supercapacitor a b s t r a c t The electrochemical flow capacitor (EFC) is an electrical energy...

  10. Zonal Flow as Pattern Formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Jeffrey B

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this section, we examine the transition from statistically homogeneous turbulence to inhomogeneous turbulence with zonal flows. Statistical equations of motion can be derived from the quasilinear approximation to the Hasegawa-Mima equation. We review recent work that finds a bifurcation of these equations and shows that the emergence of zonal flows mathematically follows a standard type of pattern formation. We also show that the dispersion relation of modulational instability can be extracted from the statistical equations of motion in a certain limit. The statistical formulation can thus be thought to offer a more general perspective on growth of coherent structures, namely through instability of a full turbulent spectrum. Finally, we offer a physical perspective on the growth of large-scale structures.

  11. Supercritical flow in rectangular expansions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walsh, Peter.

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is the differential element of length along C. Equations [7] and [8] may be rearranged in the following manner: du = ? dx + ? dy du Qu gx ay dv = ? dx + ? dy 3v av 'bx Py [10] where du = (3u/Bs)ds, dv = (pv/3s)ds, dx = (3x/as)ds, and dy = (s y/p s) ds. The four... common tangent A P . Since a disturbance travels from A to P in n 1 the same time that a particle moves from A to A it follows that n A P = sin S =? A A v 1 n where I9 is the angle between the shock wave and the direction of flow. When the flow...

  12. Characterizing flow fluctuations with moments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajeev S. Bhalerao; Jean-Yves Ollitrault; Subrata Pal

    2015-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a complete set of multiparticle correlation observables for ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions. These include moments of the distribution of the anisotropic flow in a single harmonic, and also mixed moments, which contain the information on correlations between event planes of different harmonics. We explain how all these moments can be measured using just two symmetric subevents separated by a rapidity gap. This presents a multi-pronged probe of the physics of flow fluctuations. For instance, it allows to test the hypothesis that event-plane correlations are generated by non-linear hydrodynamic response. We illustrate the method with simulations of events in A MultiPhase Transport (AMPT) model.

  13. Gas flow in barred potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sormani, Mattia C; Magorrian, John

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We use a Cartesian grid to simulate the flow of gas in a barred Galactic potential and investigate the effects of varying the sound speed in the gas and the resolution of the grid. For all sound speeds and resolutions, streamlines closely follow closed orbits at large and small radii. At intermediate radii shocks arise and the streamlines shift between two families of closed orbits. The point at which the shocks appear and the streamlines shift between orbit families depends strongly on sound speed and resolution. For sufficiently large values of these two parameters, the transfer happens at the cusped orbit as hypothesised by Binney et al. over two decades ago. For sufficiently high resolutions the flow downstream of the shocks becomes unsteady. If this unsteadiness is physical, as appears to be the case, it provides a promising explanation for the asymmetry in the observed distribution of CO.

  14. Cascade redox flow battery systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Horne, Craig R.; Kinoshita, Kim; Hickey, Darren B.; Sha, Jay E.; Bose, Deepak

    2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A reduction/oxidation ("redox") flow battery system includes a series of electrochemical cells arranged in a cascade, whereby liquid electrolyte reacts in a first electrochemical cell (or group of cells) before being directed into a second cell (or group of cells) where it reacts before being directed to subsequent cells. The cascade includes 2 to n stages, each stage having one or more electrochemical cells. During a charge reaction, electrolyte entering a first stage will have a lower state-of-charge than electrolyte entering the nth stage. In some embodiments, cell components and/or characteristics may be configured based on a state-of-charge of electrolytes expected at each cascade stage. Such engineered cascades provide redox flow battery systems with higher energy efficiency over a broader range of current density than prior art arrangements.

  15. General Message Flow Modulator Ann E. Siebert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Robert Stephen

    General Message Flow Modulator Ann E. Siebert Donald I. Good Technical Report #42 March 1984 (512) 471-1901 #12;Abstract The general message flow modulator is a high level design of a family of mechanisms for controlling the flow of messages from a source to a destination. This family of mechanisms has

  16. Flow and Plate Motion in Compressor Valves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Twente, Universiteit

    Flow and Plate Motion in Compressor Valves #12;Flow and Plate Motion in Compressor Valves R.A. Habing Cover Image: 4-stage reciprocating compressor system, Courtesy of Ariel Corporation Thesis.A. Habing, Enschede, The Netherlands #12;FLOW AND PLATE MOTION IN COMPRESSOR VALVES PROEFSCHRIFT ter

  17. Secured Information Flow for Asynchronous Sequential Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Secured Information Flow for Asynchronous Sequential Processes Isabelle Attali, Denis Caromel for unauthorized information flows. As a final result, all authorized communication paths are secure: no disclosure a new issue in data confidentiality: authorization of secured information flow transiting (by the mean

  18. Flow Duration Curve Load Duration Curve

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;Flow Duration Curve Load Duration Curve #12;1. Develop Flow Duration Curve 2. Estimate load given flow and concentration data--select appropriate conversion factors 3. Develop Load Duration Curve 4. Plot observed data with Load Duration Curve #12;What are they? How do you make one? #12;Describes

  19. Optimal Power Flow Incorporating Voltage Collapse Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cañizares, Claudio A.

    Optimal Power Flow Incorporating Voltage Collapse Constraints William Rosehart Claudio Ca on the current operating con- ditions is presented. Second, an Optimal Power Flow formulation that incorporates: Voltage Collapse, Optimal Power Flow, Bifur- cations. I. Introduction As open-access market principles

  20. (Preview Draft) Chapter 3. Stocks and Flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, Andrew

    the state over time. It will take some time for the flows to have their effect on the stocks, so the stocks(Preview Draft) Chapter 3. Stocks and Flows: The Building Blocks of System Dynamics Models The best way to construct a model is to start with the stocks, add the flows and then use converters to explain

  1. Automatic Control Flow Generation from Software Architectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, Kung-Kiu

    -time automatically. To achieve this we take a different approach to system construction. We take control out.-K. Lau and V. Ukis generic connectors, and generate control flow of the system automatically at run in different systems with different control flows. Our automatic runtime control flow generation not only

  2. Laser cross-flow gas system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Duncan, D.B.

    1992-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and laser apparatus are disclosed which provide for a cross-flow of gas near one end of a laser discharge tube. The cross-flow of gas causes a concentration gradient which affects diffusion of contaminants in the discharge tube towards the cross-flow of the gas, which contaminants are then withdrawn from the discharge tube. 1 figure.

  3. SEISMIC MONITORING OF CARBON DIOXIDE FLUID FLOW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santos, Juan

    SEISMIC MONITORING OF CARBON DIOXIDE FLUID FLOW J. E. Santos1, G. B. Savioli2, J. M. Carcione3, D´e, Argentina SEISMIC MONITORING OF CARBON DIOXIDE FLUID FLOW ­ p. #12;Introduction. I Storage of CO2). SEISMIC MONITORING OF CARBON DIOXIDE FLUID FLOW ­ p. #12;Introduction. II CO2 is separated from natural

  4. Energy flows : empowering New Orleans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guiraud, Florence Nathalie

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis claims to develop alternative energy-harvesting systems by looking at their implementation at the residential scale in order to facilitate the economical autonomy of a community and thus improve its living ...

  5. and wall bounded shear flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoepffner, Jérôme

    60 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 Model parameters r1 r2 #12;Optimisation : the Lagrange · Covariance and energy · Disturbances · Optimization · Time varying gains · Steady state kernels #12;Flow(f)H Energy E[E(q(t))] = Tr(E[q(t)q(t) ] #12;Linear filtering Propagation of the estimation error ~q ~q = (A

  6. Countercurrent flow absorber and desorber

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wilkinson, William H. (Columbus, OH)

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Countercurrent flow absorber and desorber devices are provided for use in absorption cycle refrigeration systems and thermal boosting systems. The devices have increased residence time and surface area resulting in improved heat and mass transfer characteristics. The apparatuses may be incorporated into open cycle thermal boosting systems in which steam serves both as the refrigerant vapor which is supplied to the absorber section and as the supply of heat to drive the desorber section of the system.

  7. Countercurrent flow absorber and desorber

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wilkinson, W.H.

    1984-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Countercurrent flow absorber and desorber devices are provided for use in absorption cycle refrigeration systems and thermal boosting systems. The devices have increased residence time and surface area resulting in improved heat and mass transfer characteristics. The apparatuses may be incorporated into open cycle thermal boosting systems in which steam serves both as the refrigerant vapor which is supplied to the absorber section and as the supply of heat to drive the desorber section of the system. 9 figs.

  8. Microgravity Flow Regime Transition Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shephard, Adam M.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    by Ghrist (2008) where an existing computer code, RELAP 5-3D, demonstrated the limitations of currently available computational modeling when applied to zero-g conditions. 1.2.2 EXPERIMENTAL APPARATUS All flow regime mapping experiments consist of a... ............................................................... 9 2.3 Dukler et al. 1988/Janicot 1988 ............................................. 9 2.4 Colin et al. 1991 .................................................................... 11 2.5 Huckerby and Rezkallah 1992...

  9. K.Grill: Order (2011-SW-2902) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    K.Grill: Order (2011-SW-2902) K.Grill: Order (2011-SW-2902) June 28, 2011 DOE ordered Kenneth Grill to pay a 10,000 civil penalty after finding Mr. Grill had manufactured and...

  10. Growth of Ordered Ultrathin Tungsten Oxide Films on Pt(111)....

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Growth of Ordered Ultrathin Tungsten Oxide Films on Pt(111). Growth of Ordered Ultrathin Tungsten Oxide Films on Pt(111). Abstract: Ordered tungsten oxide ultra-thin films were...

  11. Technical Standards, DOE Orders and Applicable CFRs/DEAR Crosswalk...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    DOE Orders and Applicable CFRsDEAR Crosswalk - February 2, 2002 Technical Standards, DOE Orders and Applicable CFRsDEAR Crosswalk - February 2, 2002 February 2, 2002 DOE Orders...

  12. Cyclotron resonance in plasma flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Artemyev, A. V.; Agapitov, O. V.; Krasnoselskikh, V. V. [LPC2E/CNRS-University of Orleans, Orleans (France)] [LPC2E/CNRS-University of Orleans, Orleans (France)

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is devoted to the mechanism of particle acceleration via resonant interaction with the electromagnetic circular wave propagating along the inhomogeneous background magnetic field in the presence of a plasma flow. We consider the system where the plasma flow velocity is large enough to change the direction of wave propagation in the rest frame. This system mimics a magnetic field configuration typical for inner structure of a quasi-parallel shock wave. We consider conditions of gyroresonant interaction when the force corresponding to an inhomogeneity of the background magnetic field is compensated by the Lorentz force of the wave-magnetic field. The wave-amplitude is assumed to be about 10% of the background magnetic field. We show that particles can gain energy if kv{sub sw}>?>kv{sub sw}??{sub c} where k is the wave number, v{sub sw} is a plasma flow velocity, and ? and ?{sub c} are the wave frequency and the particle gyrofrequency, respectively. This mechanism of acceleration resembles the gyrosurfing mechanism, but the effect of the electrostatic field is replaced by the effect of the magnetic field inhomogeneity.

  13. Structural stability of cooling flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henrik Omma; James Binney

    2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Three-dimensional hydrodynamical simulations are used to investigate the structural stability of cooling flows that are episodically heated by jets from a central AGN. The radial profile of energy deposition is controlled by (a) the power of the jets, and (b) the pre-outburst density profile. A delay in the ignition of the jets causes more powerful jets to impact on a more centrally concentrated medium. The net effect is a sufficient increase in the central concentration of energy deposition to cause the post-outburst density profile to be less centrally concentrated than that of an identical cluster in which the outburst happened earlier and was weaker. These results suggest that the density profiles of cooling flows oscillate around an attracting profile, thus explaining why cooling flows are observed to have similar density profiles. The possibility is raised that powerful FR II systems are ones in which this feedback mechanism has broken down and a runaway growth of the source parameters has occurred.

  14. Optic Flow Sensor Objective: Using optic flow sensors, detect and track

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirthlin, Michael J.

    Optic Flow Sensor Objective: Using optic flow sensors, detect and track the walls of a rural or urban terrain. Principle Investigators: Tim McLain, Randy Beard Optic Flow Sensor · Computationally factor ­ 1" x 1" x 1.5" · Inexpensive ­ $80 including optics · Fast ­ computes optic flow at 2300 fps2006

  15. Sensitivity of calculated hydrological flows through multilayered hard rock to computational solution procedures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bixler, N.E.; Eaton, R.R.

    1985-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Permeability and moisture content curves for partially saturated, fractured, welded tuffs, such as those found near the site of a prospective nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, are highly nonlinear. We illustrate, by means of one-dimensional infiltration in multilayered fractured tuff, the numerical instabilities that can arise when analyzing the flow in such porous materials. We compare the results obtained using two numerical schemes for treating the nonlinearities: the first uses a first-order Piccard iteration scheme to attain convergence at each time step; the second uses a second-order Newton-Raphson iteration procedure to attain convergence. The Piccard scheme converges when flow through the rock matrix dominates but does not converge when flow through fractures dominates. On the other hand, the Newton-Raphson scheme converges in both situations. 6 refs., 10 figs.

  16. Sensitivity of calculated hydrological flows through multilayered hard rock to computational solution procedures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bixler, N.E.; Eaton, R.R.

    1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Permeability and moisture content curves for partially saturated, fractured, welded tuffs, such as those found near the site of a prospective nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, are highly nonlinear. The authors illustrate, by means of a one-dimensional problem of infiltration into multilayered fractured tuff, the numerical instabilities that can arise when analyzing the flow in such porous materials. The authors compare the results obtained using two numerical schemes for treating the nonlinearities: the first uses a first-order Piccard iteration scheme to attain convergence at each time step; the second uses a second-order Newton-Raphson iteration procedure to attain convergence. The Piccard scheme converges when flow through the rock matrix dominates but does not converge when flow through fractures dominates. On the other hand, the Newton-Raphson scheme converges in both situations.

  17. Viscous corrections to anisotropic flow and transverse momentum spectra from transport theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plumari, Salvatore; Greco, Vincenzo; Ollitrault, Jean-Yves

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Viscous hydrodynamics is commonly used to model the evolution of the matter created in an ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collision. It provides a good description of transverse momentum spectra and anisotropic flow. These observables, however, cannot be consistently derived using viscous hydrodynamics alone, because they depend on the microscopic interactions at freeze-out. We derive the ideal hydrodynamic limit and the first-order viscous correction to anisotropic flow ($v_2$, $v_3$ and $v_4$) and momentum spectrum using a transport calculation. The linear response coefficient to the initial anisotropy, $v_n(p_T)/\\varepsilon_n$, depends little on $n$ in the ideal hydrodynamic limit. The viscous correction to the spectrum depends not only on the differential cross section, but also on the initial momentum distribution. This dependence is not captured by standard second-order viscous hydrodynamics. The viscous correction to anisotropic flow increases with $p_T$, but this increase is slower than usually assumed i...

  18. Modeling complex biological flows in multi-scale systems using the APDEC framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modeling complex biological flows in multi-scale systems using the APDEC framework David Trebotich methods are based on higher-order finite difference methods in complex geometry with adaptivity-mail: trebotich1@llnl.gov Abstract. We have developed advanced numerical algorithms to model biological fluids

  19. MULTIDIMENSIONAL NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF THE REACTING FLOW IN A PULSE COMBUSTOR \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MULTIDIMENSIONAL NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF THE REACTING FLOW IN A PULSE COMBUSTOR \\Lambda Daniel L to study the behavior of pulse combustors. Our approach is based on the use of higher­order Godunov meth of pulse combustor is based on a Helmholtz resonator -- a burning cycle drives a resonant pressure wave

  20. Significant Project Flow Chart (for Board Approved Capital Construction Projects 2 million and above)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the project. Construction documents include final detailed drawings, specifications, material lists and all the project will be constructed, schedules work with his subcontractors, and orders materials. BuildingSignificant Project Flow Chart (for Board Approved Capital Construction Projects 2 million

  1. Multiphase flow and Encapsulation simulations using the moment of fluid method 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussman, Mark

    in order to demonstrate its capabilities. Examples are given in 2D, 3D axisymmetric (R-Z), and 3D (X Corporation, for the U. S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE. Introduction Multiphase flow plays an important role in many technical applications including ink-jet printing

  2. A Genetic Algorithm based Approach for Multi-Objective Data-Flow Graph Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coello, Carlos A. Coello

    that the correct- ness of algebraic transformations realized by the underlying genetic operators selection shown for power optimization. In order to avoid inferior results caused by the counteracting demandsA Genetic Algorithm based Approach for Multi-Objective Data-Flow Graph Optimization Birger Landwehr

  3. DARCY'S FLOW WITH PRESCRIBED CONTACT ANGLE WELL-POSEDNESS AND LUBRICATION APPROXIMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DARCY'S FLOW WITH PRESCRIBED CONTACT ANGLE ­ WELL-POSEDNESS AND LUBRICATION APPROXIMATION HANS KN on a solid sub- strate. We use a model for viscous fluids where evolution is governed by Darcy's Law converge to the solutions of a one-dimensional degenerate parabolic fourth order equation which belongs

  4. APS/123-QED Hydraulic Flow through a Channel Contraction: Multiple Steady States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    APS/123-QED Hydraulic Flow through a Channel Contraction: Multiple Steady States Benjamin Akers with a complex hydraulic jump in the contraction occurring in a small section of the bc/b0 and Froude number parameter plane. One- dimensional hydraulic theory provides a comprehensive leading-order approximation

  5. APS/123-QED Hydraulic Flow through a Contraction: Multiple Steady States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    APS/123-QED Hydraulic Flow through a Contraction: Multiple Steady States Benjamin Akers Department states, as well as a steady reservoir with a two-dimensional hydraulic jump in the contraction occur-dimensional hydraulic theory provides a comprehensive leading-order explanation, but quadratic friction is re- quired

  6. Investigation of Flow Characteristics in an Airlift-Driven Raceway Reactor for Algae Cultivation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Investigation of Flow Characteristics in an Airlift-Driven Raceway Reactor for Algae Cultivation are the most common choice for outdoor algae cultivation due to their low cost relative to enclosed. Algae require adequate mixing in order to maximize exposure to essential nutrients for growth

  7. Assessing Non-Normal Effects in Thermoacoustic Systems with Mean Flow. K. Wieczorek,1, a)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicoud, Franck

    Assessing Non-Normal Effects in Thermoacoustic Systems with Mean Flow. K. Wieczorek,1, a) C this paper, non-normal interactions in a thermoacoustic system are studied, using a low-order expansion. INTRODUCTION Over the last decades, thermoacoustic instabilities have been the subject of intense re- search

  8. Towards an Integrated BPM Schema: Control Flow Heterogeneity of PNML and BPEL4WS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zdun, Uwe

    Towards an Integrated BPM Schema: Control Flow Heterogeneity of PNML and BPEL4WS Jan Mendling1 to identify extensions to the schema integration process in order to capture such specifics of BPM schemas. 1 Introduction Heterogeneity of Business Process Modelling (BPM) schemas is a notorious prob- lem for business

  9. Physica D 209 (2005) 245259 On undercompressive shocks in constrained two-layer flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kondic, Lou

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the upper fluid, making this configuration relevant to air-water systems. Flow is driven by an imposed the interfacial shape separating the two fluids and the leading-order pressure. This system includes the physical such as the design and operation of spacecraft environmental systems, storage and transfer of cryogenic fluids

  10. European Research Community On Flow Turbulence And Combustion ERCOFTAC Bulletin 30 45

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gui, Lichuan

    systems. Reported examples of applications include the measurements of droplets in a spray jet [1], bubbles in water flow [2], cavitation bubbles [3], solid particles in a mixing tank [4]. Such experiments require a sufficiently high degree of transparency of the multiphase system in order to allow illumination

  11. Decay of swirl in turbulent two phase flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neeley, Patrick Foster

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    loop required a straight circular pipe, a con- stant head tank, a flow control device, a mixing tank, a swirl producing mechanism, a dye injection system, and a drainage system. Polyoxides are thoroughly mixed with tap water in the mixing tank... concentrations of the Polyox were put into the water in a uniform procedure in order to obtain consist. ent results. A venturi mixer was designed and used to di perse the polymer particles into the water in the mixing tank. The vigorous stir- ring bv the jet...

  12. Review and selection of unsaturated flow models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1993-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Under the US Department of Energy (DOE), the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management System Management and Operating Contractor (CRWMS M&O) has the responsibility to review, evaluate, and document existing computer ground-water flow models; to conduct performance assessments; and to develop performance assessment models, where necessary. In the area of scientific modeling, the M&O CRWMS has the following responsibilities: To provide overall management and integration of modeling activities. To provide a framework for focusing modeling and model development. To identify areas that require increased or decreased emphasis. To ensure that the tools necessary to conduct performance assessment are available. These responsibilities are being initiated through a three-step process. It consists of a thorough review of existing models, testing of models which best fit the established requirements, and making recommendations for future development that should be conducted. Future model enhancement will then focus on the models selected during this activity. Furthermore, in order to manage future model development, particularly in those areas requiring substantial enhancement, the three-step process will be updated and reported periodically in the future.

  13. A Semidefinite Optimization Approach to the Parallel Row Ordering ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    problem in which one wishes to minimize the total material flow cost. .... ing system [33], balancing hydraulic turbine runners [39], numerical analysis [14], optimal ...

  14. Ordered dust structures in a glow discharge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karasev, V. Yu., E-mail: plasmadust@yandex.ru; Ivanov, A. Yu.; Dzlieva, E. S.; Eikhval'd, A. I. [St. Petersburg State University, Institute of Physics (Russian Federation)

    2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highly ordered three-dimensional dust structures are created in a striated glow discharge, and their horizontal cross-sectional images are analyzed. Calculated correlation functions, local correlation parameters, and corresponding approximations are used to classify the state of a structure according to the Kosterlitz-Thouless-Halperin-Nelson-Young (KTHNY) two-dimensional melting theory and a phenomenological approach. An orientational map based on an orientational parameter is proposed to expose domains in a cross section of a structure. It is shown that a plasma crystal is a polycrystal consisting of hexagonal domains (crystallites). Thermophoretic forces are used to create corners of various angles in the perimeter of the structure. Transition between hexagonal and square cell shapes is observed.

  15. Cosmology of modified (but second order) gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomi S. Koivisto

    2009-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a brief review of modified gravity cosmologies. Generically extensions of gravity action involve higher derivative terms, which can result in ghosts and instabilities. There are three ways to circumvent this: Chern-Simons terms, first order variational principle and nonlocality. We consider recent cosmological applications of these three classes of modified gravity models, in particular to the dark energy problem. The viable parameter spaces can be very efficiently constrained by taking into account cosmological data from all epochs in addition to Solar system tests and stability considerations. We make some new remarks concerning so called algebraic scalar-tensor theories, biscalar reformulation of nonlocal actions involving the inverse d'Alembertian, and a possible covariant formulation holographic cosmology with nonperturbative gravity.

  16. Second order multidimensional sign-preserving remapping for ALE methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, Ryan N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Szmelter, J. [LOUGHBOROUGH UNIV.

    2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A second-order conservative sign-preserving remapping scheme for Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) methods is developed utilising concepts of the Multidimensional Positive Definite Advection Transport Algorithm (MPDATA). The algorithm is inherently multidimensional, and so does not introduce splitting errors. The remapping is implemented in a two-dimensional, finite element ALE solver employing staggered quadrilateral meshes. The MPDATA remapping uses a finite volume discretization developed for volume coordinates. It is applied for the remapping of density and internal energy arranged as cell centered, and velocity as nodal, dependent variables. In the paper, the advection of scalar fields is examined first for test cases with prescribed mesh movement. A direct comparison of MPDATA with the performance of the van Leer MUSCL scheme indicates advantages of a multidimensional approach. Furthermore, distinctly different performance between basic MPDATA and the infinite gauge option is illustrated using benchmarks involving transport of a sign changing velocity field. Further development extends the application of MPDATA remapping to the full ALE solver with a staggered mesh arrangement for density, internal energy and momentum using volume coordinates. At present, two options of the algorithm - basic and infinite gauge - are implemented. To ensure a meaningful assessment, an identical Lagrangian solver and computational mesh update routines are used with either MPDATA or van Leer MUSCL remapping. The evaluation places particular focus on the abilities of both schemes to accurately model multidimensional problems. Theoretical considerations are supported with numerical examples. In addition to the prescribed mesh movement cases for advection of scalars, the demonstrations include two-dimensional Eulerian and ALE flow simulations on quadrilateral meshes with both fixed and variable timestep control. The key comparisons include the standard test cases of Sod and Noh for single material problems. The results demonstrate that the MPDATA gauge option is suitable for providing accurate ALE remapping and preserves the multidimensionality and sign of both scalar and vector fields.

  17. DOE Selects Seven Contractors for Waste Treatment Basic Ordering...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Selects Seven Contractors for Waste Treatment Basic Ordering Agreements DOE Selects Seven Contractors for Waste Treatment Basic Ordering Agreements June 4, 2015 - 12:00pm Addthis...

  18. FY 2006 Executive Order 13101 Report: Department of Energy Affirmative...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2006 Executive Order 13101 Report: Department of Energy Affirmative Procurement and Recycling Fiscal Year 2006 Report, 31207 FY 2006 Executive Order 13101 Report: Department of...

  19. Vacancies Ordered in Screw Form (VOSF) and Layered Indium Selenide...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ordered in Screw Form (VOSF) and Layered Indium Selenide Thin Film Deposition by Laser Back Ablation. Vacancies Ordered in Screw Form (VOSF) and Layered Indium Selenide Thin Film...

  20. Descriptions of Task Order Schedules and Placement of Pricing...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    10112007 ATTACHMENT J-5 DESCRIPTIONS OF TASK ORDER SCHEDULES AND PLACEMENT OF PRICING INFORMATION J-5.1 DESCRIPTIONS OF TASK ORDER (TO) SCHEDULES (SCHEDULE TEMPLATES...

  1. New Executive Order Establishes a Federal Flood Risk Management...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    New Executive Order Establishes a Federal Flood Risk Management Standard New Executive Order Establishes a Federal Flood Risk Management Standard February 5, 2015 - 10:55am Addthis...

  2. INITIAL -COMPACTNESS IN LINEARLY ORDERED SPACES PAOLO LIPPARINI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipparini, Paolo

    equipped with a linear order and with a base of order-convex sets. See, e. g., Bennet and Lutzer [BL

  3. White House Announces New Executive Order To Reduce Greenhouse...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    White House Announces New Executive Order To Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the Federal Government White House Announces New Executive Order To Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions...

  4. President Issues Executive Order Aimed at Preparing for the Impacts...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Issues Executive Order Aimed at Preparing for the Impacts of Climate Change; Tribal Leaders to Serve on Task Force President Issues Executive Order Aimed at Preparing for the...

  5. Flow-induced channelization in a porous medium This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kudrolli, Arshad

    through fractured rock in aquifers and oil reservoirs to small-scale flows in natural and artificially,8] scales that involve both unconsolidated and consolidated media [9­13]. Dissolution and liquefaction can over many orders of magnitude in length scale with applications that range from large-scale flow

  6. Transport in a slowly perturbed convective cell flow. A. P. Itin 1 , R. de la Llave 2 , A. I. Neishtadt 1 , and A. A. Vasiliev 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Transport in a slowly perturbed convective cell flow. A. P. Itin 1 , R. de la Llave 2 , A. I in such flows may be very sensitive to initial conditions, making possible chaotic advection [6] of passive­scales (of order # # -3 ln#). In case of a generic perturbation, a drop of passive impurity (e.g. dye) put

  7. Design and construction of an experiment for two-phase flow in fractured porous media

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ayala, R.E.G.; Aziz, K.

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In numerical reservoir simulation naturally fractured reservoirs are commonly divided into matrix and fracture systems. The high permeability fractures are usually entirely responsible for flow between blocks and flow to the wells. The flow in these fractures is modeled using Darcy`s law and its extension to multiphase flow by means of relative permeabilities. The influence and measurement of fracture relative permeability for two-phase flow in fractured porous media have not been studied extensively, and the few works presented in the literature are contradictory. Experimental and numerical work on two-phase flow in fractured porous media has been initiated. An apparatus for monitoring this type of flow was designed and constructed. It consists of an artificially fractured core inside an epoxy core holder, detailed pressure and effluent monitoring, saturation measurements by means of a CT-scanner and a computerized data acquisition system. The complete apparatus was assembled and tested at conditions similar to the conditions expected for the two-phase flow experiments. Fine grid simulations of the experimental setup-were performed in order to establish experimental conditions and to study the effects of several key variables. These variables include fracture relative permeability and fracture capillary pressure. The numerical computations show that the flow is dominated by capillary imbibition, and that fracture relative permeabilities have only a minor influence. High oil recoveries without water production are achieved due to effective water imbibition from the fracture to the matrix. When imbibition is absent, fracture relative permeabilities affect the flow behavior at early production times.

  8. Gradient Flow of O(N) nonlinear sigma model at large N

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinya Aoki; Kengo Kikuchi; Tetsuya Onogi

    2015-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the gradient flow equation for the O(N) nonlinear sigma model in two dimensions at large N. We parameterize solution of the field at flow time t in powers of bare fields by introducing the coefficient function X_n for the n-th power term (n=1,3,...). Reducing the flow equation by keeping only the contributions at leading order in large N, we obtain a set of equations for X_n's, which can be solved iteratively starting from n=1. For n=1 case, we find an explicit form of the exact solution. Using this solution, we show that the two point function at finite flow time t is finite. As an application, we obtain the non-perturbative running coupling defined from the energy density. We also discuss the solution for n=3 case.

  9. Explicit force formlulas for two dimensional potential flow with multiple bodies and multiple free vortices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bai, Chen-Yuan; Wu, Zi-Niu

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For problems with multiple bodies, the current integral approach needs the use of auxiliary potential functions in order to have an individual force formula for each body. While the singularity approach, based on an extension of the unsteady Lagally theorem, is restricted to multibody and multivortex flows without bound vortex and vortex production. In this paper, we consider multibody and multivortex flow and derive force formulas, in both forms of singularity approach and integral approach but without auxiliary function, that give individual forces of each body for unsteady two dimensional potential flow with vortex production on the surface of bodies. A number of problems, including Karman vortex street, Wagner problem of impulsively starting flow, interaction of two circular cylinders with circulation, and interaction of an airfoil with a bound vortex, are used to validate the force formulas.

  10. Self-regulating flow control device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Humphreys, Duane A. (Pittsburgh, PA)

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A variable, self-regulating valve having a hydraulic loss coefficient proportional to a positive exponential power of the flow rate. The device includes two objects in a flow channel and structure which assures that the distance between the two objects is an increasing function of the flow rate. The range of spacing between the objects is such that the hydraulic resistance of the valve is an increasing function of the distance between the two objects so that the desired hydraulic loss coefficient as a function of flow rate is obtained without variation in the flow area.

  11. Vinyasa Flow Awaken your inner warrior! This dynamic flow infuses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -1pm Informal Recreation Open Gym Basketball-6/17-8/14 Gym 147 Monday's and Wednesdays: 12-1pm #12;.sfsu.edu/~recsport Gentle Hatha Yoga 12-1pm (BH6) -Jacalyn Dance-Begins 6/17 12-1pm (Gym 100J) -Mo PIYO® 12-1pm (Gym 149) -Adair 6/10-7/23 Vinyasa Flow 12-1pm (BH6) -Jeff ZUMBA®-Begins 6/18 12-1pm (Gym 100) -Erika- XL Strength

  12. TRUMAN LOGO NAME BADGE ORDER FORM To place an order for Truman Logo name badges, please complete this order form. The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    TRUMAN LOGO NAME BADGE ORDER FORM To place an order for Truman Logo name badges, please complete-mailed list. Price includes 2-color Truman State University logo badge, up to three lines of engraving (36

  13. Generation of higher order nonclassical states via interaction of intense electromagnetic field with third order nonlinear medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anirban Pathak

    2007-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Interaction of intense laser beam with an inversion symmetric third order nonlinear medium is modeled as a quartic anharmonic oscillator. A first order operator solution of the model Hamiltonian is used to study the possibilities of generation of higher order nonclassical states. It is found that the higher order squeezed and higher order antibunched states can be produced by this interaction. It is also shown that the higher order nonclassical states may appear separately, i.e. a higher order antibunched state is not essentially higher order squeezed state and vice versa.

  14. Controlling the Delay of Small Flows in Datacenters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carra, Damiano

    and CAPEX and ignore designs which could help reduce delay of delay sensitive flows. The flow routing

  15. Potential Flow Calculations of Axisymmetric Ducted Wind Turbines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Widnall, Sheila

    2009-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    An incompressible potential-flow vortex method has been constructed to analyze the flow field of a ducted

  16. DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF AN ORDERED MEMORY ACCESS ARCHITECTURE1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Data Flow (SDF) refers to a sub- class of data flow graphs where the actors lack data depen- dency in their firing patterns [5]. Thus in SDF graphs the number of tokens produced and consumed in each of the output of DSP algorithms fall into the SDF paradigm. In our group at Berkeley, we have imple- mented Gabriel

  17. A new precision flow calorimeter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Mark Gezer

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . THE REFERENCE FLUID CIRCUIT (The Thermo-Syphon System) 2. THE SAMPLE FLUID CIRCUIT 11 17 CALORIMETER AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT 1. BAYONET SYSTEM 2. MATCHING HEATER 3. PRESSURE TRANSDUCER 4. VACUUM SYSTEM 5. MAGNETIC STIRRER 6. METERING PUMP 20 25 25 31... Circuit (Thermo-Syphon System) Detail 12 4 A Typical Cycle of Thermo-Syphon System on a PT Diagram of Freon&-11 13 5 The Reference Fluid Circuit Simplified 14 6 The Sample Fluid Flow System 7 Calorimeter Detail 21 8 Bayonet System Detail 9 Copper...

  18. Jet quenching and elliptic flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. K. Chaudhuri

    2007-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    In jet quenching, a hard QCD parton, before fragmenting into a jet of hadrons, deposits a fraction of its energy in the medium, leading to suppressed production of high-$p_T$ hadrons. Assuming that the deposited energy quickly thermalizes, we simulate the subsequent hydrodynamic evolution of the QGP fluid. Explicit simulation of Au+Au collision with and without a quenching jet indicate that elliptic flow is greatly reduced in a jet event. The result can be used to identify the jet events in heavy ion collisions.

  19. Flow Phenomena at AGS Energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. P. Wessels

    1997-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    In this talk some of the latest data on directed sideward, elliptic, radial, and longitudinal flow at AGS energies will be reviewed. A method to identify the reaction plane event by event and the measurement of its resolution will be discussed. The distributions of global observables (transverse energy E_T and charged particle multiplicity N_c), as well as those of identified particles will be shown. Finally, the data will be put in context with measurements at other beam energies. These systematics will then be discussed in terms of possible signatures of the QCD phase transition.

  20. Higher Order Squeezing and Higher Order Subpoissonian Photon Statistics in Intermediate States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amit Verma; Anirban Pathak

    2010-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently simpler criteria for the Hong-Mandel higher order squeezing (HOS) and higher order subpossonian photon statistics (HOSPS) are provided by us [Phys. Lett. A 374 (2010) 1009]. Here we have used these simplified criteria to study the possibilities of observing HOSPS and HOS in different intermediate states, such as generalized binomial state, hypergeometric state, negative binomial state and photon added coherent state. It is shown that these states may satisfy the condition of HOS and HOSPS. It is also shown that the depth and region of nonclassicality can be controlled by controlling various parameters related to intermediate states. Further, we have analyzed the mutual relationship between different signatures of higher order nonclassicality with reference to these intermediate states. We have observed that the generalized binomial state may show signature of HOSPS in absence of HOS. Earlier we have shown that NLVSS shows HOS in absence of HOSPS. Consequently it is established that the HOSPS and HOS of same order are independent phenomenon.

  1. Insights into Cold Water Injection Stimulation Effects through Analytical Solutions to Flow and Heat Transport

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M.A. Plummer

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wells in traditional hydrothermal reservoirs are used to extract heat and to dispose of cooled water. In the first case, high productivity (the ratio of production flow rate to the pressure differential required to produce that rate) to is preferred in order to maximize power generation, while minimizing the parasitic energy loss of pumping. In the second case, high injectivity (the ratio of injection flow rate to the pressure differential required to produce that rate) is preferred, in order to reduce pumping costs. In order to improve productivity or injectivity, cold water is sometimes injected into the reservoir in an attempt to cool and contract the surrounding rock matrix and thereby induce dilation and/or extension of existing fractures or to generate new fractures. Though the increases in permeability associated with these changes are likely localized, by improving connectivity to more extensive high-permeability fractures they can at least temporarily provide substantially improved productivity or injectivity.

  2. Progress in Creating Stabilized Gas Layers in Flowing Liquid Mercury

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wendel, Mark W [ORNL; Felde, David K [ORNL; Riemer, Bernie [ORNL; Abdou, Ashraf A [ORNL; D'Urso, Brian R [ORNL; West, David L [ORNL

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee uses a liquid mercury target that is bombarded with protons to produce a pulsed neutron beam for materials research and development. In order to mitigate expected cavitation damage erosion (CDE) of the containment vessel, a two-phase flow arrangement of the target has been proposed and was earlier proven to be effective in significantly reducing CDE in non-prototypical target bodies. This arrangement involves covering the beam "window", through which the high-energy proton beam passes, with a protective layer of gas. The difficulty lies in establishing a stable gas/liquid interface that is oriented vertically with the window and holds up to the strong buoyancy force and the turbulent mercury flow field. Three approaches to establishing the gas wall have been investigated in isothermal mercury/gas testing on a prototypical geometry and flow: (1) free gas layer approach, (2) porous wall approach, and (3) surface-modified approach. The latter two of these approaches show success in that a stabilized gas layer is produced. Both of these successful approaches capitalize on the high surface energy of liquid mercury by increasing the surface area of the solid wall, thus increasing gas hold up at the wall. In this paper, a summary of these experiments and findings is presented as well as a description of the path forward toward incorporating the stabilized gas layer approach into a feasible gas/mercury SNS target design.

  3. Triple-decker: Interfacing atomistic-mesoscopic-continuum flow regimes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fedosov, Dmitry A. [Division of Applied Mathematics, Brown University, 182 George St., Box F, Providence, RI 02912 (United States); Karniadakis, George Em [Division of Applied Mathematics, Brown University, 182 George St., Box F, Providence, RI 02912 (United States)], E-mail: gk@dam.brown.edu

    2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multiscale flow phenomena in microfluidic and biomedical applications require the use of heterogeneous modeling approaches. In this paper we present a hybrid method based on coupling the Molecular Dynamics (MD) method, the Dissipative Particle Dynamics (DPD) method, and the incompressible Navier-Stokes (NS) equations. MD, DPD, and NS are formulated in separate subdomains and are coupled via an overlapping region by communicating state information at the subdomain boundaries. Imposition of boundary conditions in the MD and DPD systems involves particle insertion and deletion, specular wall reflection and body force terms. The latter includes a boundary pressure force in order to minimize near-boundary density fluctuations, and an adaptive shear force which enforces the tangential velocity component of boundary conditions. The triple-decker algorithm is verified for prototype flows, including simple and multi-layer fluids (Couette, Poiseuille, and lid-driven cavity), using highly accurate reference solutions. A zero-thickness interface is also possible if it is aligned with the flow streamlines.

  4. Particle filter based on thermophoretic deposition from natural convection flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sasse, A.G.B.M.; Nazaroff, W.W. (Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)); Gadgil, A.J. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States))

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an analysis of particle migration in a natural convection flow between parallel plates and within the annulus of concentric tubes. The flow channel is vertically oriented with one surface maintained at a higher temperature than the other. Particle migration is dominated by advection in the vertical direction and thermophoresis in the horizontal direction. From scale analysis it is demonstrated that particles are completely removed from air flowing through the channel if its length exceeds L[sub c] = (b[sup 4]g/24K[nu][sup 2]), where b is the width of the channel, g is the acceleration of gravity, K is a thermophoretic coefficient of order 0.5, and [nu] is the kinematic viscosity of air. Precise predictions of particle removal efficiency as a function of system parameters are obtained by numerical solution of the governing equations. Based on the model results, it appears feasible to develop a practical filter for removing smoke particles from a smoldering cigarette in an ashtray by using natural convection in combination with thermophoresis. 22 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

  5. Partonic effects on higher-order anisotropic flows in relativistic heavy-ion collisions RID A-2398-2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, LW; Ko, Che Ming; Lin, ZW.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Nucl. Part. Sci. 47, 663 (1997). [2] J. Barrette et al., E877 Collaboration, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2532 (1994). [3] H. Appelshauser et al., NA49 Collaboration, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4136 (1998). [4] J. Y. Ollitrault, Phys. Rev. D 46, 229 (1992). [5...] H. Sorge, Phys. Lett. B 402, 251 (1997); Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2309 (1997); 82, 2048 (1999). [6] P. Danielewicz, R. A. Lacey, P. B. Gossiaux, C. Pinkenburg, P. Chung, J. M. Alexander, and R. L. McGrath, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2438 (1998). [7] B...

  6. Transverse Collective Flow and Emission Order of Mid-Rapidity Fragments in Fermi Energy Heavy Ion Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kohley, Zachary Wayne

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    1. Coulomb Trajectory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 2. Classical Molecular Dynamics (CMD) . . . . . . . . . 191 3. Antisymmetrized Molecular Dynamics (AMD) . . . . 193 4. Constrained Molecular Dynamics (CoMD) . . . . . . . 197 5... from the Coulomb trajectory calculations in which the initial dis- tance of the PLF and TLF was 25 fm from the mid-rapidity par- ticle. The initial position of the PLF (TLF) is shown as the black filled (open) circles and the solid black lines...

  7. Advances in Reduced-Order Modeling Based on Proper Orthogonal Decomposition for Single and Two-Phase Flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fontenot, Raymond Lee

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    , and turbomachinery seals. The results of this investigation show that all of the important features are extracted without loss in accuracy. v To My Family vi ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I would rst like to thank my advisor, Dr. Cizmas, for his patience and advice through...

  8. Zonal flow dynamics in the double tearing mode with antisymmetric shear flows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mao, Aohua [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China) [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 6110011 (Japan); Li, Jiquan, E-mail: lijq@energy.kyoto-u.ac.jp [Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 6110011 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 6110011 (Japan); Liu, Jinyuan, E-mail: jyliu@dlut.edu.cn [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)] [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Kishimoto, Yasuaki [Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 6110011 (Japan) [Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 6110011 (Japan); Institude of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 6110011 (Japan)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The generation dynamics and the structural characteristics of zonal flows are investigated in the double tearing mode (DTM) with antisymmetric shear flows. Two kinds of zonal flow oscillations are revealed based on reduced resistive magnetohydrodynamics simulations, which depend on the shear flow amplitudes corresponding to different DTM eigen mode states, elaborated by Mao et al. [Phys. Plasmas 20, 022114 (2013)]. For the weak shear flows below an amplitude threshold, v{sub c}, at which two DTM eigen states with antisymmetric or symmetric magnetic island structure are degenerated, the zonal flows grow oscillatorily in the Rutherford regime during the nonlinear evolution of the DTMs. It is identified that the oscillation mechanism results from the nonlinear interaction between the distorted islands and the zonal flows through the modification of shear flows. However, for the medium shear flows above v{sub c} but below the critical threshold of the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability, an oscillatory growing zonal flow occurs in the linear phase of the DTM evolution. It is demonstrated that the zonal flow oscillation originates from the three-wave mode coupling or a modulation instability pumped by two DTM eigen modes with the same frequency but opposite propagating direction. With the shear flows increasing, the amplitude of zonal flow oscillation increases first and then decreases, whilst the oscillation frequency as twice of the Doppler frequency shift increases. Furthermore, impacts of the oscillatory zonal flows on the nonlinear evolution of DTM islands and the global reconnection are also discussed briefly.

  9. A constitutive law for dense granular flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierre Jop; Yoël Forterre; Olivier Pouliquen

    2006-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A continuum description of granular flows would be of considerable help in predicting natural geophysical hazards or in designing industrial processes. However, the constitutive equations for dry granular flows, which govern how the material moves under shear, are still a matter of debate. One difficulty is that grains can behave like a solid (in a sand pile), a liquid (when poured from a silo) or a gas (when strongly agitated). For the two extreme regimes, constitutive equations have been proposed based on kinetic theory for collisional rapid flows, and soil mechanics for slow plastic flows. However, the intermediate dense regime, where the granular material flows like a liquid, still lacks a unified view and has motivated many studies over the past decade. The main characteristics of granular liquids are: a yield criterion (a critical shear stress below which flow is not possible) and a complex dependence on shear rate when flowing. In this sense, granular matter shares similarities with classical visco-plastic fluids such as Bingham fluids. Here we propose a new constitutive relation for dense granular flows, inspired by this analogy and recent numerical and experimental work. We then test our three-dimensional (3D) model through experiments on granular flows on a pile between rough sidewalls, in which a complex 3D flow pattern develops. We show that, without any fitting parameter, the model gives quantitative predictions for the flow shape and velocity profiles. Our results support the idea that a simple visco-plastic approach can quantitatively capture granular flow properties, and could serve as a basic tool for modelling more complex flows in geophysical or industrial applications.

  10. Flow of suspensions in pipelines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nasr-El-Din, H.A. [Laboratory R& D Center, Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Slurry pipelines are used in many industrial applications. Several parameters are often needed by the operator, including critical deposit velocity, solids concentration, and particle velocity profiles. This chapter first reviews important formulas used to predict critical deposit velocity both in Newtonian and non-Newtonian (power-law) carrier fluids. Various methods to measure local velocity and solids concentration profiles in slurry pipelines are discussed. Local solids concentration can be measured by sample withdrawal technique. However, the sample should be withdrawn at isokinetic conditions. Sampling downstream of tees and elbows can result in significant errors in measuring solids concentration. Gamma-ray absorption methods can be used; however, two scans are needed to obtain local solids concentration. Bulk velocity of conductive slurries can be obtained using magnetic flow meters mounted on a vertical section of the pipe. Local particle velocity can be obtained using conductivity probes. NMR methods can be used to measure concentration and particle velocity profiles but are limited to small-diameter pipes. Vertical solids concentration of coarse slurries flowing in a horizontal pipeline exhibits a positive gradient near the bottom of the pipe. Traditional models to predict these profiles are given, and new mathematical models and computer software to determine these profiles are introduced. 104 refs., 31 figs., 1 tab.

  11. Process for retarding fluid flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sandford, B.B.; Zillmer, R.C.

    1989-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A process is described for retarding the flow of fluid in a subterranean formation, comprising: (a) introducing an effective amount of a gel-forming composition into a subterranean formation, the gel-forming composition being operable when gelled in the formation for retarding the flow of fluid therein. The gel-forming composition consists of: i. a first substance dissolved in water to form an aqueous solution, the first substance being selected from the group consisting of polyvivyl alcohols, and mixtures thereof, wherein the gel-forming composition contains an amount of the first substance of from about 0.5 to about 5 weight percent of the gel-forming composition, and ii. an effective amount of glutaraldehyde which is operable for forming a weakly acidic condition having a pH from about 5.5 to less than 7 in the gel-forming composition and also operable for promoting crosslinking of the first substance and glutaraldehyde and for forming a gel from the gel-forming composition under the weakly acidic condition within a period of time no greater than about 5 days without adding an acidic catalyst to the gel-forming composition to lower the pH of the gel-forming composition below about 5.5.

  12. New Ethanol Ordering Process Effective March 11, 2013, Ethanol must be ordered through an Ethanol Form in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sibille, Etienne

    New Ethanol Ordering Process Effective March 11, 2013, Ethanol must be ordered through an Ethanol Services will accept faxed orders for Ethanol. · Monday, March 11, 2013 is the first day the PantherExpress System will accept orders for Ethanol. Requirements · Your PantherExpress System account must be properly

  13. A numerical investigation on the vortex formation and flow separation of the oscillatory flow in jet pumps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oosterhuis, Joris P; Wilcox, Douglas; van der Meer, Theo

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A two-dimensional computational fluid dynamics model is used to predict the oscillatory flow through a tapered cylindrical tube section (jet pump) placed in a larger outer tube. Due to the shape of the jet pump, there will exist an asymmetry in the hydrodynamic end effects which will cause a time-averaged pressure drop to occur that can be used to cancel Gedeon streaming in a closed-loop thermoacoustic device. The performance of two jet pump geometries with different taper angles is investigated. A specific time-domain impedance boundary condition is implemented in order to simulate traveling acoustic wave conditions. It is shown that by scaling the acoustic displacement amplitude to the jet pump dimensions, similar minor losses are observed independent of the jet pump geometry. Four different flow regimes are distinguished and the observed flow phenomena are related to the jet pump performance. The simulated jet pump performance is compared to an existing quasi-steady approximation which is shown to only be ...

  14. Flow distribution analysis on the cooling tube network of ITER thermal shield

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nam, Kwanwoo; Chung, Wooho; Noh, Chang Hyun; Kang, Dong Kwon; Kang, Kyoung-O; Ahn, Hee Jae; Lee, Hyeon Gon [ITER Korea, National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermal shield (TS) is to be installed between the vacuum vessel or the cryostat and the magnets in ITER tokamak to reduce the thermal radiation load to the magnets operating at 4.2K. The TS is cooled by pressurized helium gas at the inlet temperature of 80K. The cooling tube is welded on the TS panel surface and the composed flow network of the TS cooling tubes is complex. The flow rate in each panel should be matched to the thermal design value for effective radiation shielding. This paper presents one dimensional analysis on the flow distribution of cooling tube network for the ITER TS. The hydraulic cooling tube network is modeled by an electrical analogy. Only the cooling tube on the TS surface and its connecting pipe from the manifold are considered in the analysis model. Considering the frictional factor and the local loss in the cooling tube, the hydraulic resistance is expressed as a linear function with respect to mass flow rate. Sub-circuits in the TS are analyzed separately because each circuit is controlled by its own control valve independently. It is found that flow rates in some panels are insufficient compared with the design values. In order to improve the flow distribution, two kinds of design modifications are proposed. The first one is to connect the tubes of the adjacent panels. This will increase the resistance of the tube on the panel where the flow rate is excessive. The other design suggestion is that an orifice is installed at the exit of tube routing where the flow rate is to be reduced. The analysis for the design suggestions shows that the flow mal-distribution is improved significantly.

  15. Nonlinear dynamics of Kelvin-Helmholtz instability in a finite-width plasma flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shevelev, M. M.; Burinskaya, T. M., E-mail: tburinsk@iki.rssi.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Space Research Institute (Russian Federation)

    2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The nonlinear stage of Kelvin-Helmholtz (KH) instability in a finite-width plane-parallel plasma flow is analyzed. The analysis is performed by means of two-dimensional numerical simulations with the use of ideal magnetohydrodynamic equations describing isothermal plasma flows propagating along the magnetic field. The influence of the magnetic field strength, the plasma temperature, and the ratio of the flow width to the width of the transition layer on the formation of vortex layers and large-scale flow perturbations is investigated. It is shown that, if the wavelength of periodic perturbations is shorter than the flow width, the symmetric and antisymmetric modes develop in a qualitatively similar manner. For waves with wavelengths longer than the flow width, the development of such modes is very different due to the mutual influence of the flow boundaries. Analysis of the development of instability at different values of the Alfven Mach number M{sub A} shows that long-lived vortices with a characteristic scale length on the order of the flow width appear in a weak magnetic field for both symmetric and antisymmetric modes; however, the vortex geometries for these modes are different. In a strong magnetic field, M{sub A} {approx} 5, the phase of vortex decay for both types of modes occurs faster than in a weak field; however, in the case of an antisymmetric mode, large-scale perturbations of the flow boundary are retained for a longer time. Analysis of the evolution of the initial disturbance produced by an ensemble of random small perturbations (noise) at different plasma temperatures shows that, for a flow width comparable with the width of the transition region, the development of KH instability is always antisymmetric in character and leads to well-developed large-scale perturbations of the flow as a whole. For a cold plasma with C{sub S} < 0.5U (where C{sub S} is the speed of sound and U is the flow velocity), in contrast to hot plasma with C{sub S} > 0.5U, the development of KH instability leads to the growth of the antisymmetric mode even if the flow width is much larger than the width of the transition region.

  16. Islands in the stream: The effect of plasma flow on tearing stability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    La Haye, R. J.; Buttery, R. J. [General Atomics, P.O. Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186-5608 (United States); Brennan, D. P. [University of Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma 74104 (United States); Gerhardt, S. P. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08540 (United States)

    2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Reducing plasma flow clearly decreases the stability of tearing modes in multiple regimes (sawtooth, hybrid) in both high- and low-aspect-ratio tokamaks (DIII-D [J. L. Luxon, Nucl. Fusion 42, 614 (2002)], Joint European Torus [M. Keilhacker and the JET Team, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 41, 301 (1999)], National Spherical Torus Experiment [M. Ono, S. M. Kaye, Y.-K. M. Peng, Nucl. Fusion 40, 557 (2000)], each with distinct means of lessening rotation). Further, reducing flow makes pre-existing 'saturated' islands larger at the same beta (beta). Thus lower plasma flow impairs high-beta operation owing both to the destabilization and to the impact of tearing-mode islands. Experimental results suggest that flow shear (not flow) at the tearing rational surface is classically stabilizing, making the effective tearing stability index DELTA{sup '} of the total current density profile more negative (more stable). In this picture, with profiles and all else the same, the minimum metastable beta at which neoclassical tearing modes (NTMs) can destabilize is proportional to -DELTA{sup '} and hence lower flow and flow shear lead to possible destabilization (depending on seeding) at lower beta. Similarly, if destabilized, the saturated NTM island width is proportional to -beta/DELTA{sup '} and thus increases as flow and flow shear are reduced. A working model gives a significant level of stabilizing shear if the plasma toroidal angular flow shear -dOMEGA{sub p}hi/dr at a given rational surface is of order of the inverse of the product of the local values of the parallel magnetic shear length L{sub s} and the Alfven time tau{sub A}. Experimental data are fitted for the effect of this normalization of flow shear in a simple empirical model for both onset and saturation of tearing modes. Most theoretical literature is on the consequence of flow shear on tearing stability at zero beta; tokamaks at high beta have large magnetic Prandtl number (an issue for the sign of the flow effect) and very large Lundquist number. It is in this regime that theory will be compared with experimentally based empirical models. The consequence for future tokamaks with low rotation may be lower tearing stability than now expected.

  17. CFD analysis of laminar oscillating flows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booten, C. W. Charles W.); Konecni, S. (Snezana); Smith, B. L. (Barton L.); Martin, R. A. (Richard A.)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a numerical simulations of oscillating flow in a constricted duct and compares the results with experimental and theoretical data. The numerical simulations were performed using the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code CFX4.2. The numerical model simulates an experimental oscillating flow facility that was designed to test the properties and characteristics of oscillating flow in tapered ducts, also known as jet pumps. Jet pumps are useful devices in thermoacoustic machinery because they produce a secondary pressure that can counteract an unwanted effect called streaming, and significantly enhance engine efficiency. The simulations revealed that CFX could accurately model velocity, shear stress and pressure variations in laminar oscillating flow. The numerical results were compared to experimental data and theoretical predictions with varying success. The least accurate numerical results were obtained when laminar flow approached transition to turbulent flow.

  18. Multicommodity Flows and Cuts in Polymatroidal Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chekuri, Chandra; Raja, Adnan; Viswanath, Pramod

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider multicommodity flow and cut problems in {\\em polymatroidal} networks where there are submodular capacity constraints on the edges incident to a node. Polymatroidal networks were introduced by Lawler and Martel and Hassin in the single-commodity setting and are closely related to the submodular flow model of Edmonds and Giles; the well-known maxflow-mincut theorem holds in this more general setting. Polymatroidal networks for the multicommodity case have not, as far as the authors are aware, been previously explored. Our work is primarily motivated by applications to information flow in wireless networks. We also consider the notion of undirected polymatroidal networks and observe that they provide a natural way to generalize flows and cuts in edge and node capacitated undirected networks. We establish poly-logarithmic flow-cut gap results in several scenarios that have been previously considered in the standard network flow models where capacities are on the edges or nodes. Our results have alread...

  19. Gradual Variation Analysis for Groundwater Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Li

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Groundwater flow in Washington DC greatly influences the surface water quality in urban areas. The current methods of flow estimation, based on Darcy's Law and the groundwater flow equation, can be described by the diffusion equation (the transient flow) and the Laplace equation (the steady-state flow). The Laplace equation is a simplification of the diffusion equation under the condition that the aquifer has a recharging boundary. The practical way of calculation is to use numerical methods to solve these equations. The most popular system is called MODFLOW, which was developed by USGS. MODFLOW is based on the finite-difference method in rectangular Cartesian coordinates. MODFLOW can be viewed as a "quasi 3D" simulation since it only deals with the vertical average (no z-direction derivative). Flow calculations between the 2D horizontal layers use the concept of leakage. In this project, we have established a mathematical model based on gradually varied functions for groundwater data volume reconstruction. T...

  20. Flow characteristics in underground coal gasification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang, H.L.; Himmelblau, D.M.; Edgar, T.F.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the Hoe Creek No. 2 (Wyoming) underground-coal-gasification field test, researchers introduced helium pulses to characterize the flow field and to estimate the coefficients in dispersion models of the flow. Flow models such as the axial-dispersion and parallel tanks-in-series models allowed interpretation of the in situ combustion flow field from the residence time distribution of the tracer gas. A quantitative analysis of the Hoe Creek tracer response curves revealed an increasing departure from a plug-flow regime with time, which was due to the combined effects of the free and forced convection in addition to the complex nonuniformity of the flow field. The Peclet number was a function of temperature, pressure, gas recovery, and characteristic velocity, as well as the split of the gas between the parallel streams in the model.

  1. A theory for radial jet reattachment flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hadden, Lynne Loise

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to be dependent on nozzle exit radius, nozzle exit direction, reattachment plate distance, and Reynold's number of the exit flow. TO MY MOTHER AND DAD AND CLOSE FRIENDS WHO PROVIDED LOVING SUPPORT ACKNOWLEDGMENT This research has been partially supported... Discretization of Flow Variables and Program Implementation. 21 4. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION. 24 4. 1 Effect of Varying Distance of Reattachment Plate from the Nozzle Exit. 24 4. 2 Effect of Changing Nozzle Exit Flow Direction. 46 4. 3 Effect of Changing...

  2. Lanthanides as particulate flow markers in ruminants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conner, Michael Cronan

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Suhj ect: Anindl I'lutri tion LANTHANIDES AS PARTICULATE FLOW NARVERS IN RUNINANTS A Thesis by MICUAEL CRONAN CONNER Approved as to style and content by: Yie, aber+ (Yieniber) August l977 ABSTPACT Lanthanides as Particulate Flow Markers... in Ruminants (Auoust 1977) Michael Cronan Conner, B. S. , California Polytechnic State University at San Luis Gbispo Chairman of Advisory Committee: Gr. Ii. C, Ellis The validity of lanthanides as par+iculate flow markers was evaluated by comparing...

  3. Flow of wet granular materials: a numerical study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saeed Khamseh; Jean-Noël Roux; François Chevoir

    2015-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We simulate dense assemblies of frictional spherical grains in steady shear flow under controlled normal stress $P$ in the presence of a small amount of an interstitial liquid, which gives rise to capillary menisci, assumed isolated (pendular regime), and to attractive forces. The system behavior depends on two dimensionless control parameters: inertial number $I$ and reduced pressure $P^*=aP/(\\pi\\Gamma)$, comparing confining forces $\\sim a^2P$ to meniscus tensile strength $F_0=\\pi\\Gamma a$, for grains of diameter $a$ joined by menisci with surface tension $\\Gamma$. We pay special attention to the quasi-static limit of slow flow and observe systematic, enduring strain localization in some of the cohesion-dominated ($P^*\\sim 0.1$) systems. Homogeneous steady flows are characterized by the dependence of internal friction coefficient $\\mu^*$ and solid fraction $\\Phi$ on $I$ and $P^*$. We record fairly small but not negligible normal stress differences and the moderate sensitivity of the system to saturation within the pendular regime. Capillary forces have a significant effect on the macroscopic behavior of the system, up to $P^*$ values of several units. The concept of effective pressure may be used to predict an order of magnitude for the strong increase of $\\mu^*$ as $P^*$ decreases but such a crude approach is unable to account for the complex structural changes induced by capillary cohesion. Likewise, the Mohr-Coulomb criterion for pressure-dependent critical states is, at best, an approximation valid within a restricted range of pressures, with $P^*\\ge 1$. At small enough $P^*$, large clusters of interacting grains form in slow flows, in which liquid bonds survive shear strains of several units. This affects the anisotropies associated to different interactions, and the shape of function $\\mu^*(I)$, which departs more slowly from its quasistatic limit than in cohesionless systems.

  4. Organized Oscillations of Initially-Turbulent Flow Past a Cavity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J.C. Lin; D. Rockwell

    2002-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Flow past an open cavity is known to give rise to self-sustained oscillations in a wide variety of configurations, including slotted-wall, wind and water tunnels, slotted flumes, bellows-type pipe geometries, high-head gates and gate slots, aircraft components and internal piping systems. These cavity-type oscillations are the origin of coherent and broadband sources of noise and, if the structure is sufficiently flexible, flow-induced vibration as well. Moreover, depending upon the state of the cavity oscillation, substantial alterations of the mean drag may be induced. In the following, the state of knowledge of flow past cavities, based primarily on laminar inflow conditions, is described within a framework based on the flow physics. Then, the major unresolved issues for this class of flows will be delineated. Self-excited cavity oscillations have generic features, which are assessed in detail in the reviews of Rockwell and Naudascher, Rockwell, Howe and Rockwell. These features, which are illustrated in the schematic of Figure 1, are: (i) interaction of a vorticity concentration(s) with the downstream corner, (ii) upstream influence from this corner interaction to the sensitive region of the shear layer formed from the upstream corner of the cavity; (iii) conversion of the upstream influence arriving at this location to a fluctuation in the separating shear layer; and (iv) amplification of this fluctuation in the shear layer as it develops in the streamwise direction. In view of the fact that inflow shear-layer in the present investigation is fully turbulent, item (iv) is of particular interest. It is generally recognized, at least for laminar conditions at separation from the leading-corner of the cavity, that the disturbance growth in the shear layer can be described using concepts of linearized, inviscid stability theory, as shown by Rockwell, Sarohia, and Knisely and Rockwell. As demonstrated by Knisely and Rockwell, on the basis of experiments interpreted with the aid of linearized theory, not only the fundamental component of the shear layer instability may be present, but a number of additional, primarily lower frequency components can exist as well. In fact, the magnitude of these components can be of the same order as the fundamental component. These issues have not been addressed for the case of a fully-turbulent in-flow and its separation from the leading corner of the cavity.

  5. Cluster-based reduced-order modelling of a mixing layer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eurika Kaiser; Bernd R. Noack; Laurent Cordier; Andreas Spohn; Marc Segond; Markus Abel; Guillaume Daviller; Jan Östh; Siniša Krajnovi?; Robert K. Niven

    2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a novel cluster-based reduced-order modelling (CROM) strategy of unsteady flows. CROM combines the cluster analysis pioneered in Gunzburger's group (Burkardt et al. 2006) and and transition matrix models introduced in fluid dynamics in Eckhardt's group (Schneider et al. 2007). CROM constitutes a potential alternative to POD models and generalises the Ulam-Galerkin method classically used in dynamical systems to determine a finite-rank approximation of the Perron-Frobenius operator. The proposed strategy processes a time-resolved sequence of flow snapshots in two steps. First, the snapshot data are clustered into a small number of representative states, called centroids, in the state space. These centroids partition the state space in complementary non-overlapping regions (centroidal Voronoi cells). Departing from the standard algorithm, the probabilities of the clusters are determined, and the states are sorted by analysis of the transition matrix. Secondly, the transitions between the states are dynamically modelled using a Markov process. Physical mechanisms are then distilled by a refined analysis of the Markov process, e.g. using finite-time Lyapunov exponent and entropic methods. This CROM framework is applied to the Lorenz attractor (as illustrative example), to velocity fields of the spatially evolving incompressible mixing layer and the three-dimensional turbulent wake of a bluff body. For these examples, CROM is shown to identify non-trivial quasi-attractors and transition processes in an unsupervised manner. CROM has numerous potential applications for the systematic identification of physical mechanisms of complex dynamics, for comparison of flow evolution models, for the identification of precursors to desirable and undesirable events, and for flow control applications exploiting nonlinear actuation dynamics.

  6. Microsphere estimates of blood flow: Methodological considerations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    von Ritter, C.; Hinder, R.A.; Womack, W.; Bauerfeind, P.; Fimmel, C.J.; Kvietys, P.R.; Granger, D.N.; Blum, A.L. (Univ. of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (South Africa) Louisianna State Univ. Medical Center, Shreveport (USA) Universitaire Vaudois (Switzerland))

    1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The microsphere technique is a standard method for measuring blood flow in experimental animals. Sporadic reports have appeared outlining the limitations of this method. In this study the authors have systematically assessed the effect of blood withdrawals for reference sampling, microsphere numbers, and anesthesia on blood flow estimates using radioactive microspheres in dogs. Experiments were performed on 18 conscious and 12 anesthetized dogs. Four blood flow estimates were performed over 120 min using 1 {times} 10{sup 6} microspheres each time. The effects of excessive numbers of microspheres pentobarbital sodium anesthesia, and replacement of volume loss for reference samples with dextran 70 were assessed. In both conscious and anesthetized dogs a progressive decrease in gastric mucosal blood flow and cardiac output was observed over 120 min. This was also observed in the pancreas in conscious dogs. The major factor responsible for these changes was the volume loss due to the reference sample withdrawals. Replacement of the withdrawn blood with dextran 70 led to stable blood flows to all organs. The injection of excessive numbers of microspheres did not modify hemodynamics to a greater extent than did the injection of 4 million microspheres. Anesthesia exerted no influence on blood flow other than raising coronary flow. The authors conclude that although blood flow to the gastric mucosa and the pancreas is sensitive to the minor hemodynamic changes associated with the microsphere technique, replacement of volume loss for reference samples ensures stable blood flow to all organs over a 120-min period.

  7. SEISMIC MONITORING OF CARBON DIOXIDE FLUID FLOW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    santos

    SEISMIC MONITORING OF. CARBON DIOXIDE FLUID FLOW. J. E. Santos. 1. , G. B. Savioli. 2. , J. M. Carcione. 3. , D. Gei. 3. 1. CONICET, IGPUBA, Fac.

  8. Flow Imaging Using MRI: Quantification and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiraraksopakun, Yuttapong

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    dynamics (CFD) and the conventional optimal flow imaging based on particle image velocimetry (PIV). The results demonstrated the improvement from the quantification using solely the conventional HARP method....

  9. Measurement of thermodynamics using gradient flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masakiyo Kitazawa; Masayuki Asakawa; Tetsuo Hatsuda; Takumi Iritani; Etsuko Itou; Hiroshi Suzuki

    2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze bulk thermodynamics and correlation functions of the energy-momentum tensor in pure Yang-Mills gauge theory using the energy-momentum tensor defined by the gradient flow and small flow time expansion. Our results on thermodynamic observables are consistent with those obtained by the conventional integral method. The analysis of the correlation function of total energy supports the energy conservation. It is also addressed that these analyses with gradient flow require less statistics compared with the previous methods. All these results suggest that the energy-momentum tensor can be successfully defined and observed on the lattice with moderate numerical costs with the gradient flow.

  10. SOLVENT DISPERSION AND FLOW METER CALCULATION RESULTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nash, C.; Fondeur, F.; Peters, T.

    2013-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) found that the dispersion numbers for the six combinations of CSSX:Next Generation Solvent (NGS) “blend” and pure NGS versus salt solution, caustic wash, and strip aqueous solutions are all good. The dispersion numbers are indications of processability with centrifugal contactors. A comparison of solvent physical and thermal properties shows that the Intek™ solvent flow meter in the plant has a reading biased high versus calibrated flow when NGS is used, versus the standard CSSX solvent. The flow meter, calibrated for CSSX solvent, is predicted to read 2.8 gpm of NGS in a case where the true flow of NGS is 2.16 gpm.

  11. Applications in MPC and Network Flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    control should be performed using the least amount of energy. Network flow ...... some type of energy consumption that we want to minimize. ...... Trends Mach.

  12. Integrated Nozzle Flow, Spray, Combustion, & Emission Modeling...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Technologies Program Office Program Manager: Mr. Gurpreet Singh Petrodiesel vs. Biodiesel 2 Primary Breakup Inner Nozzle Flow Influence of Physical and Chemical properties of...

  13. Flow characteristics in underground coal gasification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang, H.L.; Himmelblau, D.M.; Edgar, T.F.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the underground coal gasification field test at the Hoe Creek site No. 2, Wyoming, helium pulses were introduced to develop information to characterize the flow field, and to estimate the coefficients in dispersion models of the flow. Quantitative analysis of the tracer response curves shows an increasing departure from a plug flow regime with time because of the combined effects of the free and forced convection in addition to the complex non-uniformity of the flow field. The Peclet number was a function of temperature, pressure, gas recovery and characteristic velocity, as well as the split of the gas between the parallel streams in the model. 17 refs.

  14. Smokeless Control of Flare Steam Flow Rate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agar, J.; Balls, B. W.

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the First Industrial Energy Technology Conference Houston, TX, April 22-25, 1979 FLARE GAS FLOW RATE MEASUREMENT "Accurate measurement of the very low flow rates which are normally present is very difficult" 0, p 15-8). "It is generally considered too...-04-91 Proceedings from the First Industrial Energy Technology Conference Houston, TX, April 22-25, 1979 to calibration conditions. Turndown is 40:1 and pressure loss is negligible. APPLICATION FLOW RATE The mass flow meter described has been applied to a wide...

  15. Sandia National Laboratories: power flow control system

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    power flow control system ECIS-Princeton Power Systems, Inc.: Demand Response Inverter On March 19, 2013, in DETL, Distribution Grid Integration, Energy, Energy Surety, Facilities,...

  16. Effects of time ordering in quantum nonlinear optics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolás Quesada; J. E. Sipe

    2014-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We study time ordering corrections to the description of spontaneous parametric down-conversion (SPDC), four wave mixing (SFWM) and frequency conversion (FC) using the Magnus expansion. Analytic approximations to the evolution operator that are unitary are obtained. They are Gaussian preserving, and allow us to understand order-by-order the effects of time ordering. We show that the corrections due to time ordering vanish exactly if the phase matching function is sufficiently broad. The calculation of the effects of time ordering on the joint spectral amplitude of the photons generated in spontaneous SPDC and SFWM are reduced to quadrature.

  17. A Simple Heat-Flow Quality Function And Appraisal Of Heat-Flow...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    The Uk Geothermal Catalogue Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: A Simple Heat-Flow Quality Function And Appraisal Of Heat-Flow...

  18. The transition from the annular to the slug flow regime in two-phase flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberstroh, Robert D.

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Experiments were conducted to determine the transition from annular to semiannular flow regimes for two-phase, gas-liquid upflow in vertical tubes. The influencesof liquid flow rate, tube diameter, liquid viscosity, surface ...

  19. Tritium flow through a non-symmetrical source. Simulation of gas flow through an injection hole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharipov, Felix

    Tritium flow through a non-symmetrical source. Simulation of gas flow through an injection hole of source in injection rarefaction parameter µ0 viscosity of tritium at T0 Pa s 2 #12;Ll = 5074.5 Lr = 5007

  20. Comparison of the gradient flow with cooling in $SU(3)$ pure gauge theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claudio Bonati; Massimo D'Elia

    2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The gradient (Wilson) flow has been introduced recently in order to provide a solid theoretical framework for the smoothing of ultraviolet noise in lattice gauge configurations. It is interesting to ask how it compares with other, more heuristic and numerically cheaper smoothing techniques, such as standard cooling. In this study we perform such a comparison, focusing on observables related to topology. We show that, already for moderately small lattice spacings, standard cooling and the gradient flow lead to equivalent results, both for average quantities and configuration by configuration.

  1. Stability analysis of the Witten black hole (cigar soliton) under world-sheet RG flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carolyn Lambert; Vardarajan Suneeta

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the stability of the Euclidean Witten black hole (the cigar soliton in mathematics literature) under first-order RG (Ricci) flow of the world-sheet sigma model. This analysis is from the target space point of view. We find that the Witten black hole has no unstable normalizable perturbative modes in a linearized mode analysis in which we consider circularly symmetric perturbations. Finally, we discuss a result from mathematics that implies the existence of a non-normalizable mode of the Witten black hole under which the geometry flows to the sausage solution studied by Fateev, Onofri and Zamolodchikov.

  2. Dispersion equation for water waves with vorticity and Stokes waves on flows with counter-currents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladimir Kozlov; Nikolay Kuznetsov

    2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The two-dimensional free-boundary problem of steady periodic waves with vorticity is considered for water of finite depth. We investigate how flows with small-amplitude Stokes waves on the free surface bifurcate from a horizontal parallel shear flow in which counter-currents may be present. Two bifurcation mechanisms are described: for waves with fixed Bernoulli's constant and fixed wavelength. In both cases the corresponding dispersion equations serve for defining wavelengths from which Stokes waves bifurcate. Sufficient conditions guaranteeing the existence of roots of these equations are obtained. Two particular vorticity distributions are considered in order to illustrate general results.

  3. Combustion synthesis continuous flow reactor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Maupin, G.D.; Chick, L.A.; Kurosky, R.P.

    1998-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention is a reactor for combustion synthesis of inorganic powders. The reactor includes a reaction vessel having a length and a first end and a second end. The reaction vessel further has a solution inlet and a carrier gas inlet. The reactor further has a heater for heating both the solution and the carrier gas. In a preferred embodiment, the reaction vessel is heated and the solution is in contact with the heated reaction vessel. It is further preferred that the reaction vessel be cylindrical and that the carrier gas is introduced tangentially into the reaction vessel so that the solution flows helically along the interior wall of the reaction vessel. As the solution evaporates and combustion produces inorganic material powder, the carrier gas entrains the powder and carries it out of the reactor. 10 figs.

  4. Fluctuating initial conditions and fluctuations in elliptic and triangular flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. K. Chaudhuri

    2012-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    In heavy ion collisions, event-by-event fluctuations in participating nucleon positions can lead to triangular flow. With fluctuating initial conditions, flow coefficients will also fluctuate. In a hydrodynamic model, we study the fluctuations in elliptic and triangular flow, due to fluctuating initial conditions. Both elliptic and triangular flow fluctuates strongly, triangular flow more strongly than the elliptic flow. Strong fluctuations greatly reduce the sensitivity of elliptic and triangular flow to viscosity.

  5. Hypercritical Advection Dominated Accretion Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. E. Brown; C. -H. Lee; H. A. Bethe

    2000-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    In this note we study the accretion disc that arises in hypercritical accretion of $\\dot M\\sim 10^8 M_{\\rm Edd}$ onto a neutron star while it is in common envelope evolution with a massive companion. In order to raise the temperature high enough that the disc might cool by neutrino emission, Chevalier found a small value of the $\\alpha$-parameter, where the kinematic coefficient of shear viscosity is $\

  6. The effects between two slotted plate flow meter under single, two, three components flow condition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Sang Hyan

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    suggested a universal calibration for the slotted flow meter under various situations using only the Euler number (Eu) and the ratio of ? = AAslot pipe The calibration curve of the slotted meter?s flow coefficient KY versus Euler number was obtained..., or Three Component Flow Conditions. (December 2004) Sang Hyun Park, B.S., Yonsei University, Republic of Korea Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Gerald L. Morrison In previous work on the slotted flow meter, repeatibility and reproducibility were studied...

  7. The effect of diamagnetic flows on turbulent driven ion toroidal rotation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, J. P. [Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, New York, New York 10003 (United States)] [Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, New York, New York 10003 (United States); Barnes, M. [Institute for Fusion Studies, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)] [Institute for Fusion Studies, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Parra, F. I. [Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, Oxford University, Oxford OX1 3NP (United Kingdom)] [Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, Oxford University, Oxford OX1 3NP (United Kingdom); Belli, E. A.; Candy, J. [General Atomics, San Diego, California 92121 (United States)] [General Atomics, San Diego, California 92121 (United States)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Turbulent momentum redistribution determines the radial profile of rotation in a tokamak. The momentum transport driven by diamagnetic flow effects is an important piece of the radial momentum transport for sub-sonic rotation, which is often observed in experiments. In a non-rotating state, the diamagnetic flow and the E × B flow must cancel. The diamagnetic flow and the E × B flow have different effects on the turbulent momentum flux, and this difference in behavior induces intrinsic rotation. The momentum flux is evaluated using gyrokinetic equations that are corrected to higher order in the ratio of the poloidal Larmor radius to the minor radius, which requires evaluation of the diamagnetic corrections to Maxwellian equilibria. To study the momentum transport due to diamagnetic flow effects, three experimental observations of ion rotation are examined. First, a strong pressure gradient at the plasma edge is shown to result in a significant inward momentum transport due to the diamagnetic effect, which may explain the observed peaking of rotation in a high confinement mode. Second, the direction of momentum transport is shown to change as collisionality increases, which is qualitatively consistent with the observed reversal of intrinsic rotation by varying plasma density and current. Last, the dependence of the intrinsic momentum flux on the magnetic shear is found, and it may explain the observed rotation changes in the presence of lower hybrid current drive.

  8. Magnetic material in mean-field dynamos driven by small scale helical flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giesecke, Andre; Gerbeth, Gunter

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We perform kinematic simulations of dynamo action driven by a helical small scale flow of a conducting fluid in order to deduce mean-field properties of the combined induction action of small scale eddies. We examine two different flow patterns in the style of the G.O. Roberts flow but with a mean vertical component and with internal fixtures that are modelled by regions with vanishing flow. These fixtures represent either rods that lie in the center of individual eddies, or internal dividing walls that provide a separation of the eddies from each other. The fixtures can be made of magnetic material with a relative permeability larger than one which can alter the dynamo behavior. The investigations are motivated by the widely unknown induction effects of the forced helical flow that is used in the core of liquid sodium cooled fast reactors, and from the key role of soft iron impellers in the von-K\\'arm\\'an-Sodium (VKS) dynamo. For both examined flow configurations the consideration of magnetic material within...

  9. ORDER OF PROCEDURE 10 DECEMBER 2012 AT 15:00

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    In the event of load-shedding or power cuts, the Great Hall may become totally dark for a few seconds until & Aeronautical Engineering Thesis: Shock wave-induced flow features in concave profiles MCKIE, Amanda Lynne

  10. Second-Order Accurate Method for Solving Radiation-Hydrodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Jarrod Douglas

    2013-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Second-order discretization for radiation-hydrodynamics is currently an area of great interest. Second-order methods used to solve the respective single-physics problems often differ fundamentally, making it difficult to combine them in a second...

  11. Secretary Bodman Signs Order to Help Restore Electricity to East...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Signs Order to Help Restore Electricity to East Texas More Quickly Secretary Bodman Signs Order to Help Restore Electricity to East Texas More Quickly September 28, 2005 - 10:58am...

  12. Form Date 4/4/01 Refrigerant Service Order Form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    Form Date 4/4/01 Refrigerant Service Order Form Service ID: Owner: Work Order #: Building: Date: Issued: Completed: Equipment ID: Technicians: Location: Model: Manufact: Serial #: Refrigerant Type Minor Maintenance Recovery Vacuum: __________Inches Dispose of Unit Refrigerant Conversion Major

  13. DOE Awards Research and Systems Engineering Task Order | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Research and Systems Engineering Task Order DOE Awards Research and Systems Engineering Task Order March 28, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Bill Taylor, 803-952-8564...

  14. Direct Evidence of Lithium-Induced Atomic Ordering in Amorphous...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Evidence of Lithium-Induced Atomic Ordering in Amorphous TiO2 Nanotubes . Direct Evidence of Lithium-Induced Atomic Ordering in Amorphous TiO2 Nanotubes . Abstract: In this paper,...

  15. TRUMAN LOGO NAME BADGE ORDER FORM Example of Name Tag

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    TRUMAN LOGO NAME BADGE ORDER FORM Example of Name Tag To place an order for Truman Logo name badges department. Price includes 2-color Truman State University logo badge, up to three lines of engraving (36

  16. Mining Distribution Change in Stock Order Streams Xiaoyan Liu#1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Rui

    by employing a natural Poisson distribution assumption about the nature of stock order streams. We establish that an oil company has found a new oil source, they will submit large numbers of orders to buy the stocks

  17. The radioactive Substances (Uranium and Thorium) Exemption Order 1962 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph, Keith

    1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STATUTORY INSTRUMENTS 1962 No.2710 ATOMIC ENERGY AND RADIOACTIVE SUBSTANCES The Radioactive Substances (Uranium and Thorium) Exemption Order 1962...

  18. Energy and Eigenstate Using First Order Perturbation Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raghu Ramachandran; Rama Komaragiri

    2009-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The first order estimate of energy and eigenstate of a perturbed system are found by summation over its basis.

  19. A MULTIDIMENSIONAL NONLINEAR SIXTH-ORDER QUANTUM DIFFUSION EQUATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    heat equation tn = n. The second one is the fourth-order Derrida­Lebowitz­Speer­Spohn (DLSS) equation

  20. Higher order antibunching is not a rare phenomenon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prakash Gupta; Pratap Narayan Pandey; Anirban Pathak

    2005-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the introduction of higher order nonclassical effects, higher order squeezing has been reported in a number of different physical systems but higher order antibunching is predicted only in three particular cases. In the present work, we have shown that the higher order antibunching is not a rare phenomenon rather it can be seen in many simple optical processes. To establish our claim, we have shown it in six wave mixing process, four wave mixing process and in second harmonic generation process.

  1. The London Gas Undertakings (Regulations) Act 1939 (Modification) Order 1965 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Fred

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STATUTORY INSTRUMENTS 1965 No. 1560 LONDON GOVERNMENT The London Gas Undertakings (Regulations) Act 1939 (Modification) Order 1965...

  2. Network With Costs: Timing and Flow Decomposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruck, Jehoshua (Shuki)

    Network With Costs: Timing and Flow Decomposition Shreeshankar Bodas, Jared Grubb, Sriram Sridharan-- This paper analyzes a capacitated network with costs from an information theoretic point of view. Determines a flow decomposition for a network with costs starting from an information theoretic point of view

  3. Flow Split Venturi, Axially-Rotated Valve

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Walrath, David E. (Laramie, WY); Lindberg, William R. (Laramie, WY); Burgess, Robert K. (Sheridan, WY); LaBelle, James (Murrieta, CA)

    2000-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides an axially-rotated valve which permits increased flow rates and lower pressure drop (characterized by a lower loss coefficient) by using an axial eccentric split venturi with two portions where at least one portion is rotatable with respect to the other portion. The axially-rotated valve typically may be designed to avoid flow separation and/or cavitation at full flow under a variety of conditions. Similarly, the valve is designed, in some embodiments, to produce streamlined flow within the valve. An axially aligned outlet may also increase the flow efficiency. A typical cross section of the eccentric split venturi may be non-axisymmetric such as a semicircular cross section which may assist in both throttling capabilities and in maximum flow capacity using the design of the present invention. Such a design can include applications for freeze resistant axially-rotated valves and may be fully-opened and fully-closed in one-half of a complete rotation. An internal wide radius elbow typically connected to a rotatable portion of the eccentric venturi may assist in directing flow with lower friction losses. A valve actuator may actuate in an axial manner yet be uniquely located outside of the axial flow path to further reduce friction losses. A seal may be used between the two portions that may include a peripheral and diametrical seal in the same plane. A seal separator may increase the useful life of the seal between the fixed and rotatable portions.

  4. Solyndra Facts vs. Fiction: Cash Flow Modeling

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Questions have been raised about a quote selectively pulled from an Aug. 20, 2009 email to make it look like Solyndra would run out of cash by Sept. 2011. To be clear, the analysis addressed in that email did not refer to Solyndra’s corporate cash flow, but rather the cash flow for a subsidiary of Solyndra – the “Fab 2 Project Company.

  5. Managing talent flow. 2006 Energy and Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and market growth in mining, utilities, oil and gas have been relatively stagnant, prompting many youngManaging talent flow. 2006 Energy and Resources Talent Pulse Survey Report Consulting #12;Executive ................................................................ 13 Contents #12;1 Managing talent flow 2006 Energy and Resources Talent Pulse Survey Report 2006

  6. MODERN DEVELOPMENTS IN MULTIPHASE FLOW & HEAT TRANSFER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lahey, Richard T.

    MODERN DEVELOPMENTS IN MULTIPHASE FLOW & HEAT TRANSFER "ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS OF FRACTAL AND CHAOS THEORY" RICHARD T. LAHEY, JR. Center for Multiphase Research Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Troy and multiphase flow & heat transfer will be stressed. This paper will begin by reviewing some important concepts

  7. Global Optimization of Optimal Power Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    /03/2013 4 Power balance Power flows Physical limits Nonconvex constraints #12;8/26/2013 2 SDP Relaxation renewables into the grid e.g., Wind: Hard to forecast. ­ Base load power plants cannot change their output problems. Multi-Period OPF Formulation 12/03/2013 9 Power balance Power flows Physical limits Storage

  8. Fuel cell system with coolant flow reversal

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kothmann, Richard E. (Pittsburgh, PA)

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Method and apparatus for cooling electrochemical fuel cell system components. Periodic reversal of the direction of flow of cooling fluid through a fuel cell stack provides greater uniformity and cell operational temperatures. Flow direction through a recirculating coolant fluid circuit is reversed through a two position valve, without requiring modulation of the pumping component.

  9. DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS FOR FLOW IN RESERVOIRS By ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Darcy's law for each phase with a simple differential material balance for each phase. In this first ... that the pressure declines in the direction of flow. .... lies within some closed curve C across which there is no flow, and fluid injec- tion and ...

  10. Radiative Flow in a Luminous Disk II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jun Fukue

    2006-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Radiatively-driven transfer flow perpendicular to a luminous disk is examined in the subrelativistic regime of $(v/c)^1$, taking into account the gravity of the central object. The flow is assumed to be vertical, and the gas pressure is ignored, while internal heating is assumed to be proportional to the gas density. The basic equations were numerically solved as a function of the optical depth, and the flow velocity, the height, the radiative flux, and the radiation pressure were obtained for a given radius, an initial optical depth, and initial conditions at the flow base (disk ``inside''), whereas the mass-loss rate was determined as an eigenvalue of the boundary condition at the flow top (disk ``surface''). For sufficiently luminous cases, the flow resembles the case without gravity. For less-luminous cases, however, the flow velocity decreases, and the flow would be impossible due to the existence of gravity in the case that the radiative flux is sufficiently small. Application to a supercritical accretion disk with mass loss is briefly discussed.

  11. AIAA 20020413 ACTIVE FLOW CONTROL OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Jamey

    boundary layer and spreads over a significant portion of the wing. This is illustrated in Figure 1 whereAIAA 2002­0413 ACTIVE FLOW CONTROL OF SEPARATION ON A WING WITH OSCILLATORY CAMBER David Munday­4344 #12;AIAA-2002-0413 ACTIVE FLOW CONTROL OF SEPARATION ON A WING WITH OSCILLATORY CAMBER David Munday

  12. Non-Darcy flow in geothermal reservoirs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zyvoloski, G.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of non-Darcy flow laws are investigated for two geothermal reservoir types: multiphase and Hot Dry Rock (HDR). Long-term thermal behavior is emphasized as short-term pressure transient behavior is addressed in the oil field literature. Comparisons of Darcy and non-Darcy flow laws are made.

  13. Groundwater Flow in the Ganges Delta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Entekhabi, Dara

    Groundwater Flow in the Ganges Delta Basu et al. (1) reported that 2 1011 m3 /year of groundwater groundwater than in Ganges-Brahmaputra river water. The flow could also have impli- cations for the origin and fate of other groundwater constituents in the Ganges delta that could be flushed by such rapid regional

  14. Quantitative supersonic flow visualization by hydraulic analogy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rani, Sarma Laxminarasimha

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The hydraulic analogy, which forms the basis for the phics. current investigation, can be used to study supersonic gas flows with great ease by means of a water table. As a result of the analogy, water heights in free surface water flow correspond...

  15. Controllability of second order linear systems Josep Clotet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    Controllability of second order linear systems Josep Clotet 1 , M a ¯ Isabel Garc linearization process we study the controllability of second order linear systems. We obtain sufficient-Words: - Two-order linear systems, linearization, feedback, controllability. 1 Introduction The study of second

  16. Deductive Veri cation of Advanced Out-of-Order Microprocessors ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryant, Randal E.

    Deductive Veri#12;cation of Advanced Out-of-Order Microprocessors ? Shuvendu K. Lahiri and Randal E. This paper demonstrates the modeling and deductive ver- i#12;cation of out-of-order microprocessors Functions (CLU). The microprocessors support combinations of out-of-order instruction execution, superscalar

  17. One-level limit order books with sparsity and memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Oct 17, 2014 ... price change (memory property), and also incorporating arrivals of new orders within the spread, which ... In recent years, the study of continuous double auction trading ... By nature, the market orders are matched with limit orders at the .... LOB features, some of which are relevant for trading and intraday.

  18. Structural order in glassy water Nicolas Giovambattista,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sciortino, Francesco

    . One promising approach is to develop order metrics order parameters that quantify certain statistical classical molecular dynamics simulations using the extended simple point charge SPC/E model of water. We order. A well- defined theoretical and experimental framework is available for characterizing

  19. Higher-order corrections to electron-scattering multipoles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Grineviciute; Dean Halderson

    2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A procedure is suggested for calculating electro-excitation multipoles to order $1/M^{2}_{N}$ with only the operators required in the calculations to order $1/M_{N}$. It is also shown that calculations to order $1/M^{2}_{N}$ cannot account for the contributions of a fully relativistic calculation of the transverse response.

  20. Flow through electrode with automated calibration

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Szecsody, James E [Richland, WA; Williams, Mark D [Richland, WA; Vermeul, Vince R [Richland, WA

    2002-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention is an improved automated flow through electrode liquid monitoring system. The automated system has a sample inlet to a sample pump, a sample outlet from the sample pump to at least one flow through electrode with a waste port. At least one computer controls the sample pump and records data from the at least one flow through electrode for a liquid sample. The improvement relies upon (a) at least one source of a calibration sample connected to (b) an injection valve connected to said sample outlet and connected to said source, said injection valve further connected to said at least one flow through electrode, wherein said injection valve is controlled by said computer to select between said liquid sample or said calibration sample. Advantages include improved accuracy because of more frequent calibrations, no additional labor for calibration, no need to remove the flow through electrode(s), and minimal interruption of sampling.