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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow diagram image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Smart Grid Conceptual Actors/Data Flow Diagram- Cross Domain...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Smart Grid Conceptual ActorsData Flow Diagram- Cross Domain Network Focued- Open SGSG-Network TF Smart Grid Conceptual ActorsData Flow Diagram- Cross Domain Network Focued- Open...

2

Formalization of the data flow diagram rules for consistency check  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In system development life cycle (SDLC), a system model can be developed using Data Flow Diagram (DFD). DFD is graphical diagrams for specifying, constructing and visualizing the model of a system. DFD is used in defining the requirements in a graphical view. In this paper, we focus on DFD and its rules for drawing and defining the diagrams. We then formalize these rules and develop the tool based on the formalized rules. The formalized rules for consistency check between the diagrams are used in developing the tool. This is to ensure the syntax for drawing the diagrams is correct and strictly followed. The tool automates the process of manual consistency check between data flow diagrams.

Ibrahim, Rosziati; 10.5121/ijsea.2010.1406

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Control Flow Analysis for Reverse Engineering of Sequence Diagrams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Control Flow Analysis for Reverse Engineering of Sequence Diagrams Atanas Rountev Olga Volgin and in software main- tenance. In static analysis for such reverse engineering, an open question is how to map an iteration. As pointed out in one popular book on modern software development [13], in this context

Rountev, Atanas "Nasko"

4

Integrated Water Treatment System (IWTS) Process Flow Diagram Mass Balance Calculations for K West Basin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this calculation is to develop the rational for the material balances that are documented in the KW Basin water system Level 1 process flow diagrams.

REED, A.V.

2000-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

5

Load flow analysis: Base cases, data, diagrams, and results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes how an electric utility system is modeled by using load flow techniques to establish a validated power flow case suitable for simulating and evaluating alternative system scenarios. Details of the load flow model are supported by additional technical and descriptive information intended to correlate modeled electrical system parameters with the corresponding physical equipment that makes up the system. Pictures and technical specifications of system equipment from the utility, public, or vendor are provided to support this association for many system components. The report summarizes the load flow model construction, simulation, and validation and describes the general capabilities of an information query system designed to access load flow parameters and other electrical system information.

Portante, E.C.; Kavicky, J.A.; VanKuiken, J.C.; Peerenboom, J.P.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Ring diagram analysis of near-surface flows in the Sun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ring diagram analysis of solar oscillation power spectra obtained from MDI data is carried out to study the velocity fields in the outer part of the solar convection zone. The three dimensional power spectra are fitted to a model which has a Lorentzian profile in frequency and which includes the advection of the wave front by horizontal flows, to obtain the two components of the sub-surface flows as a function of the horizontal wave number and radial order of the oscillation modes. This information is then inverted using OLA and RLS methods to infer the variation in horizontal flow velocity with depth. The average rotation velocity at different latitudes obtained by this technique agrees reasonably with helioseismic estimates made using frequency splitting data. The shear layer just below the solar surface appears to consist of two parts with the outer part up to a depth of 4 Mm, where the velocity gradient does not show any reversal up to a latitude of 60 degrees. In the deeper part the velocity gradient shows reversal in sign around a latitude of 55 degrees. The zonal flow velocities inferred in the outermost layers appears to be similar to those obtained by other measurements. A meridional flow from equator polewards is found. It has a maximum amplitude of about 30 m/s near the surface and the amplitude is nearly constant in the outer shear layer.

Sarbani Basu; H. M. Antia; S. C. Tripathy

1998-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

7

Ultrasonic flow imaging system: A feasibility study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report examines the feasibility and potential problems in developing a real-time ultrasonic flow imaging instrument for on-line monitoring of mixed-phased flows such as coal slurries. State-of-the-art ultrasonic imaging techniques are assessed for this application. Reflection and diffraction tomographies are proposed for further development, including image-reconstruction algorithms and parallel processing systems. A conventional ultrasonic C-scan technique is used to demonstrate the feasibility of imaging the particle motion in a solid/water flow. 13 refs., 11 figs.

Sheen, S.H.; Lawrence, W.P.; Chien, H.T.; Raptis, A.C.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Application of Neutron Imaging and Scattering to Fluid Flow and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Application of Neutron Imaging and Scattering to Fluid Flow and Fracture in EGS Environments Application of Neutron Imaging and Scattering to Fluid Flow and Fracture in EGS...

9

Fracture Network and Fluid Flow Imaging for EGS Applications...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fracture Network and Fluid Flow Imaging for EGS Applications from Multi-Dimensional Electrical Resistivity Structure Fracture Network and Fluid Flow Imaging for EGS Applications...

10

Automation of process accountability flow diagrams at Los Alamos National Laboratory's Plutonium Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many industrial processes (including reprocessing activities; nuclear fuel fabrication; and material storage, measurement and transfer) make use of process flow diagrams. These flows can be used for material accountancy and for data analysis. At Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), the Technical Area (TA)-55 Plutonium Facility is home to various research and development activities involving the use of special nuclear material (SNM). A facility conducting research and development (R and D) activities using SNM must satisfy material accountability guidelines. All processes involving SNM or tritium processing, at LANL, require a process accountability flow diagram (PAFD). At LANL a technique was developed to generate PAFDs that can be coupled to a relational database for use in material accountancy. These techniques could also be used for propagation of variance, measurement control, and inventory difference analysis. The PAFD is a graphical representation of the material flow during a specific process. PAFDs are currently stored as PowerPoint files. In the PowerPoint format, the data captured by the PAFD are not easily accessible. Converting the PAFDs to an accessible electronic format is desirable for several reasons. Any program will be able to access the data contained in the PAFD. For the PAFD data to be useful in applications such as an expert system for data checking, SNM accountability, inventory difference evaluation, measurement control, and other kinds of analysis, it is necessary to interface directly with the information contained within the PAFD. The PAFDs can be approved and distributed electronically, eliminating the paper copies of the PAFDs and ensuring that material handlers have the current PAFDs. Modifications to the PAFDs are often global. Storing the data in an accessible format would eliminate the need to manually update each of the PAFDs when a global change has occurred. The goal was to determine a software package that would store the PAFDs in an accessible format that could be interfaced by various programs. After evaluating several commercial relational database and graphing software packages, VISIO Enterprise was selected. LANL is in the process of completing conversion of the existing PAFDs into VISIO Enterprise. A number of the PAFDs have been converted to VISIO Enterprise, and the data from the drawings have been exported to an ACCESS database. After the conversion has taken place, the data contained in the PAFDs will be accessible for various programs. The data that was once stored in PowerPoint will now be available for tools, including expert analysis, propagation of a variance, SNM accountability, inventory difference analysis, measurement control, and other analysis tools that have yet to be identified. Converting from the PowerPoint format to a drawing stored as a relational database will improve the ability of plant personnel to interface with the PAFD.

Knepper, P.; Whiteson, R.; Strittmatter, R.; Mousseau, K.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Quantitative imaging of turbulent and reacting flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantitative digital imaging, using planar laser light scattering techniques is being developed for the analysis of turbulent and reacting flows. Quantitative image data, implying both a direct relation to flowfield variables as well as sufficient signal and spatial dynamic range, can be readily processed to yield two-dimensional distributions of flowfield scalars and in turn two-dimensional images of gradients and turbulence scales. Much of the development of imaging techniques to date has concentrated on understanding the requisite molecular spectroscopy and collision dynamics to be able to determine how flowfield variable information is encoded into the measured signal. From this standpoint the image is seen as a collection of single point measurements. The present effort aims at realizing necessary improvements in signal and spatial dynamic range, signal-to-noise ratio and spatial resolution in the imaging system as well as developing excitation/detection strategies which provide for a quantitative measure of particular flowfield scalars. The standard camera used for the study is an intensified CCD array operated in a conventional video format. The design of the system was based on detailed modeling of signal and image transfer properties of fast UV imaging lenses, image intensifiers and CCD detector arrays. While this system is suitable for direct scalar imaging, derived quantities (e.g. temperature or velocity images) require an exceptionally wide dynamic range imaging detector. To apply these diagnostics to reacting flows also requires a very fast shuttered camera. The authors have developed and successfully tested a new type of gated low-light level detector. This system relies on fast switching of proximity focused image-diode which is direct fiber-optic coupled to a cooled CCD array. Tests on this new detector show significant improvements in detection limit, dynamic range and spatial resolution as compared to microchannel plate intensified arrays.

Paul, P.H. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Static Control-Flow Analysis for Reverse Engineering of UML Sequence Diagrams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

State University rountev@cse.ohio-state.edu Olga Volgin University of Michigan onv@eecs.umich.edu Miriam from existing code, and have a variety of uses in software development, maintenance, and testing of software structure and behavior. Sequence diagrams are key UML ar- tifacts for representing the behavior

Rountev, Atanas "Nasko"

13

Local analysis of three-dimensional air cooled condenser using a two-phase flow diagram  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with the development and application of an analytical method for the performance prediction of air cooled condensers. A local analysis is employed in which the condenser is considered as a matrix of small basic heat transfer modules. For each element, local film coefficients for both the air and the condensing fluid are determined according to the existing local conditions, including the two-phase flow regime. The paper considers an application of the method to heat pump condensing.

Parise, J.A.R.; Cartwright

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Fracture Network and Fluid Flow Imaging for EGS Applications...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fracture Network and Fluid Flow Imaging for EGS Applications from Multi-Dimensional Electrical Resistivity Structure Principal Investigator: Philip E. Wannamaker University of Utah...

15

Fracture Network and Fluid Flow Imaging for EGS Applications...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Network and Fluid Flow Imaging for EGS Applications from Multi-Dimensional Electrical Resistivity Structure Principal Investigator: Philip E. Wannamaker University of Utah Energy &...

16

ANUDlSiTM-40 Load Flow Analysis: Base Cases, Data, Diagrams, and Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered¬ČPNGExperience4AJ01) (See95TI07)Operations2 Print258DepartmentANUDlSiTM-40 Load Flow

17

Flow visualization around cylinders in a channel flow using Particle Image Velocimetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of the undertaken study was to apply state-of the-art Particle Image Velocimetry to measure full field turbulent flow around cylinders, starting with one cylinder and eventually to a quad cylinder arrangement. Particle Image...

Martinez, Ramiro Serna

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

18

Imaging, Characterizing, and Modeling of Fracture Networks and Fluid Flow in EGS Reservoirs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Project objectives: Improve image resolution for microseismicimaging and time-lapse active seismic imaging; Enhance the prediction of fluid flow and temperature distributions and stress changes by coupling fracture flow simulations with reservoir flow simulations; and integrating imaging into modeling.

19

Flow Imaging Using MRI: Quantification and Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Chair of Committee, Jim Ji Committee Members, Andrew K. Chan Deepa Kundur Yoonsuck Choe Mary P. McDougall Head of Department, Costas N... Committee: Dr. Jim Ji A complex and challenging problem in flow study is to obtain quantitative flow information in opaque systems, for example, blood flow in biological systems and flow channels in chemical reactors. In this regard, MRI is superior...

Jiraraksopakun, Yuttapong

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

20

Imaging Fluid Flow in Geothermal Wells Using Distributed Thermal Perturbation Sensing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Imaging Fluid Flow in Geothermal Wells Using Distributed16 Imaging Fluid Flow in Geothermal Wells Using Distributedflow processes near a geothermal well under heating and

Freifeld, B.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow diagram image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Computational Inversion of Electron Tomography Images -Gradient Flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computational Inversion of Electron Tomography Images Using L2 -Gradient Flows Guoliang Xu 1) Ming Computing Institute of Computational Mathematics, Academy of Mathematics and System Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China 2) Department of Computer Sciences and Institute

Texas at Austin, University of

22

C-III flow measurements with a coherence imaging spectrometer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work describes a coherence imaging spectrometer capable of making spatially resolved CIII flow measurements in the DIII-D lower divertor. The spectrometer exploits a periscope view of the plasma to produce line-of-sight averaged velocity measurements of CIII. From these chord averaged flow measurements, a 2D poloidal cross section of the CIII flow is tomographically reconstructed. Details of the diagnostic setup, acquired data, and data analysis will be presented, along with prospects for future applications.

Weber, T. R.; Allen, S. L. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Howard, J. [Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

23

Holographic laser Doppler imaging of pulsatile blood flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on wide-field imaging of pulsatile motion induced by blood flow using heterodyne holographic interferometry on the thumb of a healthy volunteer, in real-time. Optical Doppler images were measured with green laser light by a frequency-shifted Mach-Zehnder interferometer in off-axis configuration. The recorded optical signal was linked to local instantaneous out-of-plane motion of the skin at velocities of a few hundreds of microns per second, and compared to blood pulse monitored by plethysmoraphy during an occlusion-reperfusion experiment.

Bencteux, Jeffrey; Kostas, Thomas; Bayat, Sam; Atlan, Michael

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Imaging the global solar wind flow in EUV Mike Gruntman,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solar wind flow is based on unique emissions of the solar wind plasmas in extreme ultraviolet (EUV). [4Imaging the global solar wind flow in EUV Mike Gruntman,1 Vlad Izmodenov,2,3 and Vic Pizzo4] We advance the original concept of imaging the three-dimensional solar wind flow (Gruntman, 2001a

Gruntman, Mike

25

Setup of Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) in Hypersonic Flows.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The accuracy of numerical methods in calculating the flow of backward facing steps in turbulent hypersonic flows is limited due to a lack of flowÖ (more)

Anwar, Moazzam

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Optical and Near-IR Imaging of Ultra Steep Spectrum Radio Sources - The K-z diagram of radio and optically selected galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present optical and/or near-IR images of 128 ultra steep spectrum (USS) radio sources. Roughly half of the objects are identified in the optical images (R 94% are detected at K5). The major axes of the identifications in K-band are preferentially oriented along the radio axes, with half of them having compact morphologies. The 22 sources with spectroscopic redshifts and K-band magnitudes follow the K-z relation found from previous radio samples, but with a larger scatter. We argue that this may be due to a dependence of K-magnitude on the radio power, with the highest radio power sources inhabiting the most massive host galaxies. We present a composite K-z diagram of radio-loud and radio-quiet galaxies, selected from the HDF-North and the Hawaii surveys. Out to z radio-loud galaxies trace the bright envelope of the radio quiet galaxies, while at z >~ 1, the radio-loud galaxies are >~ 2 magnitudes brighter. We argue that this is not due to a contribution from the AGN or emission lines. This difference strongly suggests that radio galaxies pinpoint the most massive systems out to the highest known redshifts, probably due to the mutual correlation of the mass of the galaxy and the radio power on the mass of the central black hole.

Carlos De Breuck; Wil van Breugel; Adam Stanford; Huub Rottgering; George Miley; Daniel Stern

2001-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

27

Emissivity corrected infrared method for imaging anomalous structural heat flows  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for detecting flaws in structures using dual band infrared radiation. Heat is applied to the structure being evaluated. The structure is scanned for two different wavelengths and data obtained in the form of images. Images are used to remove clutter to form a corrected image. The existence and nature of a flaw is determined by investigating a variety of features.

Del Grande, Nancy K. (San Leandro, CA); Durbin, Philip F. (Livermore, CA); Dolan, Kenneth W. (Livermore, CA); Perkins, Dwight E. (Livermore, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Phase-space representation of digital holographic and light field imaging with application to two-phase flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, two computational imaging techniques used for underwater research, in particular, two-phase flows measurements, are presented. The techniques under study, digital holographic imaging and light field imaging, ...

Tian, Lei, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Emissivity corrected infrared method for imaging anomalous structural heat flows  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for detecting flaws in structures using dual band infrared radiation is disclosed. Heat is applied to the structure being evaluated. The structure is scanned for two different wavelengths and data obtained in the form of images. Images are used to remove clutter to form a corrected image. The existence and nature of a flaw is determined by investigating a variety of features. 1 fig.

Del Grande, N.K.; Durbin, P.F.; Dolan, K.W.; Perkins, D.E.

1995-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

30

Proceedings of PSFVIP-5 Pacific Symposium on Flow Visualisation and Image Processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of PSFVIP-5 5th Pacific Symposium on Flow Visualisation and Image Processing 27-29th and elegant direct- shadowgraph technique for imaging large-scale events like explosions and gunshots. Only in the interim different retroreflective materials have appeared, though 3M's ScotchliteTM brand is still among

Settles, Gary S.

31

Imaging Fluid Flow in Geothermal Wells Using Distributed Thermal Perturbation Sensing  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Project objective: A New Geothermal Well Imaging Tool. 1.To develop a robust and easily deployable DTPS for monitoring in geothermal wells; and 2. Develop the associated analysis methodology for flow imaging; and?when possible by wellbore conditions?to determine in situthermal conductivity and basal heat flux.

32

Imaging of the Self-Excited Oscillation of Flow Past a Cavity During Generation of a Flow Tone  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Flow through a pipeline-cavity system can give rise to pronounced flow tones, even when the inflow boundary layer is fully turbulent. Such tones arise from the coupling between the inherent instability of the shear flow past the cavity and a resonant acoustic mode of the system. A technique of high-image-density particle image velocimetry is employed in conjunction with a special test section, which allows effective laser illumination and digital acquisition of patterns of particle images. This approach leads to patterns of velocity, vorticity, streamline topology and hydrodynamic contributions to the acoustic power integral. Comparison of global, instantaneous images with time- and phase-averaged representations provides insight into the small-scale and large-scale concentrations of vorticity, and their consequences on the topological features of Streamline patterns, as well as the streamwise and transverse projections of the hydrodynamic contribution to the acoustic power integral. Furthermore, these global approaches allow the definition of effective wavelengths and phase speeds of the vortical structures, which can lead to guidance for physical models of the dimensionless frequency of oscillation.

M. Geveci; P. Oshkai; D. Rockwell; J-C. Lin; M. Pollack

2002-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

33

Preliminary tests using magnetic resonance imaging of two-phase flow patterns and transitions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of preliminary tests used to establish the feasibility of using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to examine and quantitatively characterize two-phase flow patterns and flow transitions. These tests were performed at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) School of Medicine MRI Center as a collaborative research effort with Oregon State University (OSU). Special scanning sequences designed by UCSF for flow imaging were implemented in the tests. UCSF operated the MRI facility, and OSU constructed and operated a cocurrent air-water flow loop consisting of a 1-in.-diam test section capable of producing air superficial velocities j[sub g] ranging from 0.3 to 14 m/s, and water superficial velocities j[sub l] ranging from 0.08 to 1.3 m/s.

Reyes, J.N. Jr.; Lafi, A.Y. (Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States)); Saloner, D. (Univ. of California, San Francisco, CA (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Investigation of a U-Shaped Fuel Cell Flow Channel with Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Investigation of a U-Shaped Fuel Cell Flow Channel with Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV phenomena that occur within serpentine reactant transport channels of fuel cells. Achieving effective mixing within these channels is crucial for the proper operation of the fuel cell and proper understanding

Victoria, University of

35

Three-dimensional flow contrast imaging of deep tissue using noncontact diffuse correlation tomography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study extended our recently developed noncontact diffuse correlation spectroscopy flowmetry system into noncontact diffuse correlation tomography (ncDCT) for three-dimensional (3-D) flow imaging of deep tissue. A linear array of 15 photodetectors and two laser sources connected to a mobile lens-focusing system enabled automatic and noncontact scanning of flow in a region of interest. These boundary measurements were combined with a finite element framework for DCT image reconstruction implemented into an existing software package. This technique was tested in computer simulations and using a tissue-like phantom with anomaly flow contrast design. The cylindrical tube-shaped anomaly was clearly reconstructed in both simulation and phantom. Recovered and assigned flow contrast changes in anomaly were found to be highly correlated: regression slope?=?1.00, R{sup 2}?=?1.00, and p?imaging of deep tissue blood flow heterogeneities.

Lin, Yu; Huang, Chong; Irwin, Daniel; He, Lian; Shang, Yu; Yu, Guoqiang, E-mail: guoqiang.yu@uky.edu [Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506 (United States)

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

36

Coherence imaging of scrape-off-layer and divertor impurity flows in the Mega Amp Spherical Tokamak (invited)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new coherence imaging Doppler spectroscopy diagnostic has been deployed on the UKís Mega Amp Spherical Tokamak for scrape-off-layer and divertor impurity flow measurements. The system has successfully obtained 2D images of C III, C II, and He II line-of-sight flows, in both the lower divertor and main scrape-off-layer. Flow imaging has been obtained at frame rates up to 1 kHz, with flow resolution of around 1 km/s and spatial resolution better than 1 cm, over a 40į field of view. C III data have been tomographically inverted to obtain poloidal profiles of the parallel impurity flow in the divertor under various conditions. In this paper we present the details of the instrument design, operation, calibration, and data analysis as well as a selection of flow imaging results which demonstrate the diagnostic's capabilities.

Silburn, S. A., E-mail: s.a.silburn@durham.ac.uk; Sharples, R. M. [Centre for Advanced Instrumentation, Department of Physics, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); Harrison, J. R.; Meyer, H.; Michael, C. A. [CCFE, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Howard, J. [Plasma Research Laboratory, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia); Gibson, K. J. [York Plasma Institute, Department of Physics, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD (United Kingdom)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

37

Doppler-shifted fluorescence imaging of velocity fields in supersonic reacting flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The application of Doppler-shifted fluorescence imaging of velocity fields in supersonic reacting flows is analyzed. Focussing on fluorescence of the OH molecule in typical H2-air Scramjet flows, the effects of uncharacterized variations in temperature, pressure, and collisional partner composition across the measurement plane are examined. Detailed measurements of the (1,0) band OH lineshape variations in H2-air combustions are used, along with single-pulse and time-averaged measurements of an excimer-pumped dye laser, to predict the performance of a model velocimeter with typical Scramjet flow properties. The analysis demonstrates the need for modification and control of the laser bandshape in order to permit accurate velocity measurements in the presence of multivariant flow properties. 13 refs.

Allen, M.G.; Davis, S.J.; Kessler, W.J.; Sonnenfroh, D.M. (Physical Sciences, Inc., Andover, MA (United States))

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Multiphase imaging of gas flow in a nanoporous material usingremote detection NMR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pore structure and connectivity determine how microstructured materials perform in applications such as catalysis, fluid storage and transport, filtering, or as reactors. We report a model study on silica aerogel using a recently introduced time-of-flight (TOF) magnetic resonance imaging technique to characterize the flow field and elucidate the effects of heterogeneities in the pore structure on gas flow and dispersion with Xe-129 as the gas-phase sensor. The observed chemical shift allows the separate visualization of unrestricted xenon and xenon confined in the pores of the aerogel. The asymmetrical nature of the dispersion pattern alludes to the existence of a stationary and a flow regime in the aerogel. An exchange time constant is determined to characterize the gas transfer between them. As a general methodology, this technique provides new insights into the dynamics of flow in porous media where multiple phases or chemical species may be present.

Harel, Elad; Granwehr, Josef; Seeley, Juliette A.; Pines, Alex

2005-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

39

NMR imaging and hydrodynamic analysis of neutrally buoyant non-Newtonian slurry flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The flow of solids loaded suspension in cylindrical pipes has been the object of intense experimental and theoretical investigations in recent years. These types of flows are of great interest in chemical engineering because of their important use in many industrial manufacturing processes. Such flows are for example encountered in the manufacture of solid-rocket propellants, advanced ceramics, reinforced polymer composites, in heterogenous catalytic reactors, and in the pipeline transport of liquid-solids suspensions. In most cases, the suspension microstructure and the degree of solids dispersion greatly affect the final performance of the manufactured product. For example, solid propellant pellets need to be extremely-well dispersed in gel matrices for use as rocket engine solid fuels. The homogeneity of pellet dispersion is critical to allow good uniformity of the burn rate, which in turn affects the final mechanical performance of the engine. Today`s manufacturing of such fuels uses continuous flow processes rather than batch processes. Unfortunately, the hydrodynamics of such flow processes is poorly understood and is difficult to assess because it requires the simultaneous measurements of liquid/solids phase velocities and volume fractions. Due to the recent development in pulsed Fourier Transform NMR imaging, NMR imaging is now becoming a powerful technique for the non intrusive investigation of multi-phase flows. This paper reports and exposes a state-of-the-art experimental and theoretical methodology that can be used to study such flows. The hydrodynamic model developed for this study is a two-phase flow shear thinning model with standard constitutive fluid/solids interphase drag and solids compaction stresses. this model shows good agreement with experimental data and the limitations of this model are discussed.

Bouillard, J.X. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Sinton, S.W. [Lockheed Missiles and Space Co., Palo Alto, CA (United States). Research Lab.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Method and apparatus for optical Doppler tomographic imaging of fluid flow velocity in highly scattering media  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Optical Doppler tomography permits imaging of fluid flow velocity in highly scattering media. The tomography system combines Doppler velocimetry with high spatial resolution of partially coherent optical interferometry to measure fluid flow velocity at discrete spatial locations. Noninvasive in vivo imaging of blood flow dynamics and tissue structures with high spatial resolutions of the order of 2 to 10 microns is achieved in biological systems. The backscattered interference signals derived from the interferometer may be analyzed either through power spectrum determination to obtain the position and velocity of each particle in the fluid flow sample at each pixel, or the interference spectral density may be analyzed at each frequency in the spectrum to obtain the positions and velocities of the particles in a cross-section to which the interference spectral density corresponds. The realized resolutions of optical Doppler tomography allows noninvasive in vivo imaging of both blood microcirculation and tissue structure surrounding the vessel which has significance for biomedical research and clinical applications.

Nelson, John Stuart (Laguna Niguel, CA); Milner, Thomas Edward (Irvine, CA); Chen, Zhongping (Irvine, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow diagram image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Real-time Fourier transform spectrometry for fluorescence imaging and flow cytometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a Fourier transform (FT) spectrometer that is suitable for real-time spectral analysis in fluorescence imaging and flow cytometry. The instrument consists of a novel type of interferometer that can be modulated at frequencies of up to 100 kHz and has a high light throughput; and a dedicated, parallel array processor for the real-time computation of spectral parameters. The data acquisition array processor can be programmed by a host computer to perform any desired linear transform on the interferogram and can thus separate contributions from multiple fluorescence microscopy. The integration of a flow cytometer and a spectral imaging fluorescence microscope is discussed, and the concepts of direct and reversed virtual sorting'' are introduced. 9 refs., 8 figs.

Buican, T.N.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Multiparticle imaging technique for two-phase fluid flows using pulsed laser speckle velocimetry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The practical use of Pulsed Laser Velocimetry (PLV) requires the use of fast, reliable computer-based methods for tracking numerous particles suspended in a fluid flow. Two methods for performing tracking are presented. One method tracks a particle through multiple sequential images (minimum of four required) by prediction and verification of particle displacement and direction. The other method, requiring only two sequential images uses a dynamic, binary, spatial, cross-correlation technique. The algorithms are tested on computer-generated synthetic data and experimental data which was obtained with traditional PLV methods. This allowed error analysis and testing of the algorithms on real engineering flows. A novel method is proposed which eliminates tedious, undersirable, manual, operator assistance in removing erroneous vectors. This method uses an iterative process involving an interpolated field produced from the most reliable vectors. Methods are developed to allow fast analysis and presentation of sets of PLV image data. Experimental investigation of a two-phase, horizontal, stratified, flow regime was performed to determine the interface drag force, and correspondingly, the drag coefficient. A horizontal, stratified flow test facility using water and air was constructed to allow interface shear measurements with PLV techniques. The experimentally obtained local drag measurements were compared with theoretical results given by conventional interfacial drag theory. Close agreement was shown when local conditions near the interface were similar to space-averaged conditions. However, theory based on macroscopic, space-averaged flow behavior was shown to give incorrect results if the local gas velocity near the interface as unstable, transient, and dissimilar from the average gas velocity through the test facility.

Hassan, T.A.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Nanoscale Pore Imaging and Pore Scale Fluid Flow Modeling in Chalk  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For many rocks of high economic interest such as chalk, diatomite, tight gas sands or coal, nanometer scale resolution is needed to resolve the 3D-pore structure, which controls the flow and trapping of fluids in the rocks. Such resolutions cannot be achieved with existing tomographic technologies. A new 3D imaging method, based on serial sectioning and using the Focused Ion Beam (FIB) technology has been developed. FIB allows for the milling of layers as thin as 10 nanometers by using accelerated Ga+ ions to sputter atoms from the sample surface. After each milling step, as a new surface is exposed, a 2D image of this surface is generated. Next, the 2D images are stacked to reconstruct the 3D pore or grain structure. Resolutions as high as 10 nm are achievable using such a technique. A new robust method of pore-scale fluid flow modeling has been developed and applied to sandstone and chalk samples. The method uses direct morphological analysis of the pore space to characterize the petrophysical properties of diverse formations. Not only petrophysical properties (porosity, permeability, relative permeability and capillary pressures) can be computed but also flow processes, such as those encountered in various IOR approaches, can be simulated. Petrophysical properties computed with the new method using the new FIB data will be presented. Present study is a part of the development of an Electronic Core Laboratory at LBNL/UCB.

Tomutsa, Liviu; Silin, Dmitriy

2004-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

44

Experimental investigation of subcooled flow boiling using synchronized high speed video, infrared thermography, and particle image velocimetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Subcooled flow boiling of water was experimentally investigated using high-speed video (HSV), infrared (IR) thermography, and particle image velocimetry (PIV) to generate a unique database of synchronized data. HSV allowed ...

Phillips, Bren Andrew

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Imaging Fluid Flow in Geothermal Wells Using Distributed Thermal Perturbation Sensing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of Task 2 is to develop a numerical method for the efficient and accurate analysis of distributed thermal perturbation sensing (DTPS) data for (1) imaging flow profiles and (2) in situ determination of thermal conductivities and heat fluxes. Numerical forward and inverse modeling is employed to: (1) Examine heat and fluid flow processes near a geothermal well under heating and cooling conditions; (2) Demonstrate ability to interpret DTPS thermal profiles with acceptable estimation uncertainty using inverse modeling of synthetic temperature data; and (3) Develop template model and analysis procedure for the inversion of temperature data collected during a thermal perturbation test using fiber-optic distributed temperature sensors. This status report summarizes initial model developments and analyses.

Freifeld, B.; Finsterle, S.

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

46

Laser Doppler field sensor for high resolution flow velocity imaging without camera  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper we present a laser sensor for highly spatially resolved flow imaging without using a camera. The sensor is an extension of the principle of laser Doppler anemometry (LDA). Instead of a parallel fringe system, diverging and converging fringes are employed. This method facilitates the determination of the tracer particle position within the measurement volume and leads to an increased spatial and velocity resolution compared to conventional LDA. Using a total number of four fringe systems the flow is resolved in two spatial dimensions and the orthogonal velocity component. Since no camera is used, the resolution of the sensor is not influenced by pixel size effects. A spatial resolution of 4 {mu}m in the x direction and 16 {mu}m in the y direction and a relative velocity resolution of 1x10{sup -3} have been demonstrated up to now. As a first application we present the velocity measurement of an injection nozzle flow. The sensor is also highly suitable for applications in nano- and microfluidics, e.g., for the measurement of flow rates.

Voigt, Andreas; Bayer, Christian; Shirai, Katsuaki; Buettner, Lars; Czarske, Juergen

2008-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

47

Nanometer-scale imaging and pore-scale fluid flow modeling inchalk  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For many rocks of high economic interest such as chalk,diatomite, tight gas sands or coal, nanometer scale resolution is neededto resolve the 3D-pore structure, which controls the flow and trapping offluids in the rocks. Such resolutions cannot be achieved with existingtomographic technologies. A new 3D imaging method, based on serialsectioning and using the Focused Ion Beam (FIB) technology has beendeveloped. FIB allows for the milling of layers as thin as 10 nanometersby using accelerated Ga+ ions to sputter atoms from the sample surface.After each milling step, as a new surface is exposed, a 2D image of thissurface is generated. Next, the 2D images are stacked to reconstruct the3D pore or grain structure. Resolutions as high as 10 nm are achievableusing this technique. A new image processing method uses directmorphological analysis of the pore space to characterize thepetrophysical properties of diverse formations. In addition to estimationof the petrophysical properties (porosity, permeability, relativepermeability and capillary pressures), the method is used for simulationof fluid displacement processes, such as those encountered in variousimproved oil recovery (IOR) approaches. Computed with the new methodcapillary pressure curves are in good agreement with laboratory data. Themethod has also been applied for visualization of the fluid distributionat various saturations from the new FIB data.

Tomutsa, Liviu; Silin, Dmitriy; Radmilovich, Velimir

2005-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

48

Solar cycle variations of large scale flows in the Sun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using data from the Michelson Doppler Imager (MDI) instrument on board the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), we study the large-scale velocity fields in the outer part of the solar convection zone using the ring diagram technique. We use observations from four different times to study possible temporal variations in flow velocity. We find definite changes in both the zonal and meridional components of the flows. The amplitude of the zonal flow appears to increase with solar activity and the flow pattern also shifts towards lower latitude with time.

Sarbani Basu; H. M. Antia

2000-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

49

Seismic imaging of reservoir flow properties: Time-lapse amplitude changes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Asymptotic methods provide an efficient means by which to infer reservoir flow properties, such as permeability, from time-lapse seismic data. A trajectory-based methodology, much like ray-based methods for medical and seismic imaging, is the basis for an iterative inversion of time-lapse amplitude changes. In this approach a single reservoir simulation is required for each iteration of the algorithm. A comparison between purely numerical and the trajectory-based sensitivities demonstrates their accuracy. An application to a set of synthetic amplitude changes indicates that they can recover large-scale reservoir permeability variations from time-lapse data. In an application of actual time-lapse amplitude changes from the Bay Marchand field in the Gulf of Mexico we are able to reduce the misfit by 81% in twelve iterations. The time-lapse observations indicate lower permeabilities are required in the central portion of the reservoir.

Vasco, D.W.; Datta-Gupta, Akhil; Behrens, Ron; Condon, Pat; Rickett, Jame s

2003-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

50

Perturbations to the Hubble diagram  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compute the linear responses of the Hubble diagram to small scalar perturbations in the Robertson-Walker metric and to small peculiar velocities of emitter and receiver. We discuss the monotonicity constraint of the Hubble diagram in the light of these responses.

Thomas Schucker; Ilhem ZouZou

2005-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

51

GTS Contracting System Context Diagram  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GTS Contracting System Context Diagram Rejected P.O. and invalid letter Agency 0. Contracting;Agency GTS Contracting System "Level 0" Diagram P.O. 2.0 Review P.O. Contract info Valid PO: PO# outstanding flag Not Valid PO: Letter P.O. and invalid letter 1.0 Enter P.O. Contract/PO DB Contract #, P.O. 3

Schweik, Charles M.

52

CHARACTERISTICS OF SOLAR MERIDIONAL FLOWS DURING SOLAR CYCLE 23  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have analyzed available full-disk data from the Michelson Doppler Imager on board SOHO using the 'ring diagram' technique to determine the behavior of solar meridional flows over solar cycle 23 in the outer 2% of the solar radius. We find that the dominant component of meridional flows during solar maximum was much lower than that during the minima at the beginning of cycles 23 and 24. There were differences in the flow velocities even between the two minima. The meridional flows show a migrating pattern with higher-velocity flows migrating toward the equator as activity increases. Additionally, we find that the migrating pattern of the meridional flow matches those of sunspot butterfly diagram and the zonal flows in the shallow layers. A high-latitude band in meridional flow appears around 2004, well before the current activity minimum. A Legendre polynomial decomposition of the meridional flows shows that the latitudinal pattern of the flow was also different during the maximum as compared to that during the two minima. The different components of the flow have different time dependences, and the dependence is different at different depths.

Basu, Sarbani [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, P.O. Box 208101, New Haven, CT 06520-8101 (United States); Antia, H. M., E-mail: sarbani.basu@yale.ed, E-mail: antia@tifr.res.i [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400005 (India)

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Multiparticle imaging technique for two-phase fluid flows using pulsed laser speckle velocimetry. Final report, September 1988--November 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The practical use of Pulsed Laser Velocimetry (PLV) requires the use of fast, reliable computer-based methods for tracking numerous particles suspended in a fluid flow. Two methods for performing tracking are presented. One method tracks a particle through multiple sequential images (minimum of four required) by prediction and verification of particle displacement and direction. The other method, requiring only two sequential images uses a dynamic, binary, spatial, cross-correlation technique. The algorithms are tested on computer-generated synthetic data and experimental data which was obtained with traditional PLV methods. This allowed error analysis and testing of the algorithms on real engineering flows. A novel method is proposed which eliminates tedious, undersirable, manual, operator assistance in removing erroneous vectors. This method uses an iterative process involving an interpolated field produced from the most reliable vectors. Methods are developed to allow fast analysis and presentation of sets of PLV image data. Experimental investigation of a two-phase, horizontal, stratified, flow regime was performed to determine the interface drag force, and correspondingly, the drag coefficient. A horizontal, stratified flow test facility using water and air was constructed to allow interface shear measurements with PLV techniques. The experimentally obtained local drag measurements were compared with theoretical results given by conventional interfacial drag theory. Close agreement was shown when local conditions near the interface were similar to space-averaged conditions. However, theory based on macroscopic, space-averaged flow behavior was shown to give incorrect results if the local gas velocity near the interface as unstable, transient, and dissimilar from the average gas velocity through the test facility.

Hassan, T.A.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

HIGH-RESOLUTION HELIOSEISMIC IMAGING OF SUBSURFACE STRUCTURES AND FLOWS OF A SOLAR ACTIVE REGION OBSERVED BY HINODE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze a solar active region observed by the Hinode Ca II H line using the time-distance helioseismology technique, and infer wave-speed perturbation structures and flow fields beneath the active region with a high spatial resolution. The general subsurface wave-speed structure is similar to the previous results obtained from Solar and Heliospheric Observatory/Michelson Doppler Imager observations. The general subsurface flow structure is also similar, and the downward flows beneath the sunspot and the mass circulations around the sunspot are clearly resolved. Below the sunspot, some organized divergent flow cells are observed, and these structures may indicate the existence of mesoscale convective motions. Near the light bridge inside the sunspot, hotter plasma is found beneath, and flows divergent from this area are observed. The Hinode data also allow us to investigate potential uncertainties caused by the use of phase-speed filter for short travel distances. Comparing the measurements with and without the phase-speed filtering, we find out that inside the sunspot, mean acoustic travel times are in basic agreement, but the values are underestimated by a factor of 20%-40% inside the sunspot umbra for measurements with the filtering. The initial acoustic tomography results from Hinode show a great potential of using high-resolution observations for probing the internal structure and dynamics of sunspots.

Zhao Junwei; Kosovichev, Alexander G. [W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-4085 (United States); Sekii, Takashi [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Greenland-Pearl Causal Diagrams 2 November 2009 1 of 16 CAUSAL DIAGRAMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Greenland-Pearl Causal Diagrams 2 November 2009 1 of 16 CAUSAL DIAGRAMS Sander Greenland Department #12;Greenland-Pearl Causal Diagrams 2 November 2009 2 of 16 Introduction From their inception

California at Los Angeles, University of

56

Diagrams of affine permutations and their labellings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study affine permutation diagrams and their labellings with positive integers. Balanced labellings of a Rothe diagram of a finite permutation were defined by Fomin- Greene-Reiner-Shimozono, and we extend this notion to ...

Yun, Taedong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

LUNAR MASS SPECTROMETER RELIABILITY LOGIC DIAGRAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

point (A) to (F). The block diagram also defines the reliability functions for the purpose of FMEA 1

Rathbun, Julie A.

58

Analysis of multiphase fluid flows via high speed and synthetic aperture three dimensional imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spray flows are a difficult problem within the realm of fluid mechanics because of the complicated interfacial physics involved. Complete models of sprays having even the simplest geometries continue to elude researchers ...

Scharfman, Barry Ethan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

3D seismic imaging of buried Younger Dryas mass movement flows: Lake Windermere, UK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, , Luke J.W. Pinson a , Jonathan M. Bull a , Justin K. Dix a , Timothy J. Henstock a , John W. Davis offshore using tradi- tional 3D seismic methods (e.g., Frey-Martinez et al., 2005; Gee et al., 2006; Bull.g., Frey-Martinez et al., 2005). From this, a well- developed set of indicators for flow direction

Southampton, University of

60

Phase stabilities at a glance: Stability diagrams of nickel dipnictides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the course of the recent advances in chemical structure prediction, a straightforward type of diagram to evaluate phase stabilities is presented based on an expedient example. Crystal structures and energetic stabilities of dipnictides NiPn{sub 2} (Pn = N, P, As, Sb, Bi) are systematically investigated by first principles calculations within the framework of density functional theory using the generalized gradient approximation to treat exchange and correlation. These dipnictides show remarkable polymorphism that is not yet understood systematically and offers room for the discovery of new phases. Relationships between the concerned structures including the marcasite, the pyrite, the arsenopyrite/CoSb{sub 2}, and the NiAs{sub 2} types are highlighted by means of common structural fragments. Electronic stabilities of experimentally known and related AB{sub 2} structure types are presented graphically in so-called stability diagrams. Additionally, competing binary phases are taken into consideration in the diagrams to evaluate the stabilities of the title compounds with respect to decomposition. The main purpose of the stability diagrams is the introduction of an image that enables the estimation of phase stabilities at a single glance. Beyond that, some of the energetically favored structure types can be identified as potential new phases.

Bachhuber, F. [University of Regensburg, Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Universitštsstr. 31, 93040 Regensburg (Germany) [University of Regensburg, Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Universitštsstr. 31, 93040 Regensburg (Germany); School of Chemical Sciences, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland (New Zealand); Rothballer, J.; Weihrich, R., E-mail: richard.weihrich@chemie.uni-r.de [University of Regensburg, Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Universitštsstr. 31, 93040 Regensburg (Germany); SŲhnel, T. [School of Chemical Sciences, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland (New Zealand) [School of Chemical Sciences, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland (New Zealand); Centre for Theoretical Chemistry and Physics, The New Zealand Institute for Advanced Study, Massey University Auckland, Auckland (New Zealand)

2013-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow diagram image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Development and Implementation of 3-D, High Speed Capacitance Tomography for Imaging Large-Scale, Cold-Flow Circulating Fluidized Bed  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A detailed understanding of multiphase flow behavior inside a Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB) requires a 3-D technique capable of visualizing the flow field in real-time. Electrical Capacitance Volume Tomography (ECVT) is a newly developed technique that can provide such measurements. The attractiveness of the technique is in its low profile sensors, fast imaging speed and scalability to different section sizes, low operating cost, and safety. Moreover, the flexibility of ECVT sensors enable them to be designed around virtually any geometry, rendering them suitable to be used for measurement of solid flows in exit regions of the CFB. Tech4Imaging LLC has worked under contract with the U.S. Department of Energy‚??s National Energy Technology Laboratory (DOE NETL) to develop an ECVT system for cold flow visualization and install it on a 12 inch ID circulating fluidized bed. The objective of this project was to help advance multi-phase flow science through implementation of an ECVT system on a cold flow model at DOE NETL. This project has responded to multi-phase community and industry needs of developing a tool that can be used to develop flow models, validate computational fluid dynamics simulations, provide detailed real-time feedback of process variables, and provide a comprehensive understating of multi-phase flow behavior. In this project, a complete ECVT system was successfully developed after considering different potential electronics and sensor designs. The system was tested at various flow conditions and with different materials, yielding real-time images of flow interaction in a gas-solid flow system. The system was installed on a 12 inch ID CFB of the US Department of Energy, Morgantown Labs. Technical and economic assessment of Scale-up and Commercialization of ECVT was also conducted. Experiments conducted with larger sensors in conditions similar to industrial settings are very promising. ECVT has also the potential to be developed for imaging multi-phase flow systems in high temperature and high pressure conditions, typical in many industrial applications.

Qussai Marashdeh

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

62

NMR imaging techniques and applications in the flow behavior of fluids in porous media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

proton magnetic resonance technique can be used to determine the oil saturation in the pores of a rock. The NMR system can produce images of the molecules under investigation because the signals recorded are obtained directly from fluids contained... in liquids as well. This should enable us to obtain additional information about the fluids in the rock '4. Spin-spin relaxation has a characteristic time T~. T~ is the time constant for the decay of the precessing R-Zo component of the magnetization...

Halimi, Hassan I

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Seismic imaging of reservoir flow properties: Resolving waterinflux and reservoir permeability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Methods for geophysical model assessment, in particuale thecomputation of model parameter resolution, indicate the value and thelimitations of time-lapse data in estimating reservoir flow properties. Atrajectory-based method for computing sensitivities provides an effectivemeans to compute model parameter resolutions. We examine the commonsituation in which water encroaches into a resrvoir from below, as due tothe upward movement of an oil-water contact. Using straight-forwardtechniques we find that, by inclusing reflections off the top and bottomof a reservoir tens of meters thick, we can infer reservoir permeabilitybased upon time-lapse data. We find that, for the caseof water influxfrom below, using multiple time-lapse 'snapshots' does not necessarilyimprove the resolution of reservoir permeability. An application totime-lapse data from the Norne field illustrates that we can resolve thepermeability near a producing well using reflections from threeinterfaces associated with the reservoir.

Vasco, D.W.; Keers, Henk

2006-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

64

THE QCD PHASE DIAGRAM AT FINITE DENSITY.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the density of states method to explore the phase diagram of the chiral transition on the temperature and quark chemical potential plane. Four quark flavours are used in the analysis. Though the method is quite expensive small lattices show an indication for a triple-point connecting three different phases on the phase diagram.

SCHMIDT, C.; FODOR, Z.; KATZ, S.

2005-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

65

Impact of rapid granular flows through open channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

diagram: Solid: F=1 at nozzle (separation of supercritical and subcritical flow in contraction) Dashed, ...? Need your suggestions! Questions? #12;Movie: new experiments water through contraction; Akers & Bokhove

Al Hanbali, Ahmad

66

Non-Planar On-Shell Diagrams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We initiate a systematic study of non-planar on-shell diagrams in N=4 SYM and develop powerful technology for doing so. We introduce canonical variables generalizing face variables, which make the dlog form of the on-shell form explicit. We present a general classification of arbitrary on-shell diagrams in terms of two classes of combinatorial objects: generalized matching and matroid polytopes. We propose a boundary measurement that connects general on-shell diagrams to the Grassmannian. Our proposal exhibits two important and non-trivial properties: positivity in the planar case and its generalization for non-planar diagrams, and it matches the combinatorial description of the diagrams in terms of matroid polytopes. We present a comprehensive discussion of equivalence and reductions for non-planar diagrams and explain how they are captured by the generalized matching and matroid polytopes. Interestingly, non-planar diagrams exhibit novel phenomena, such as the emergence of constraints on Pl\\"ucker coordinat...

Franco, Sebastian; Penante, Brenda; Wen, Congkao

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

On Thermal-Pulse-Driven Plasma Flows in Coronal Funnels as Observed by Hinode/EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using one-arcsecond-slit scan observations from the Hinode/EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) on 05 February 2007, we find the plasma outflows in the open and expanding coronal funnels at the eastern boundary of AR 10940. The Doppler velocity map of Fe XII 195.120 A shows that the diffuse close-loop system to be mostly red-shifted. The open arches (funnels) at the eastern boundary of AR exhibit blue-shifts with a maximum speed of about 10-15 km/s. This implies outflowing plasma through these magnetic structures. In support of these observations, we perform a 2D numerical simulation of the expanding coronal funnels by solving the set of ideal MHD equations in appropriate VAL-III C initial temperature conditions using the FLASH code. We implement a rarefied and hotter region at the footpoint of the model funnel, which results in the evolution of slow plasma perturbations propagating outward in the form of plasma flows. We conclude that the heating, which may result from magnetic reconnection, can trigger the observ...

Srivastava, A K; Murawski, K; Dwivedi, B N; Mohan, A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Multi-Ridge Fitting for Ring-Diagram Helioseismology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inferences of sub-surface flow velocities using local domain ring-diagram helioseismology depend on measuring the frequency splittings of oscillation modes seen in acoustic power spectra. Current methods for making these measurements utilize maximum-likelihood fitting techniques to match a model of modal power to the spectra. The model typically describes a single oscillation mode, and each mode in a given power spectrum is fit independently. We present a new method that produces measurements with greater reliability and accuracy by fitting multiple modes simultaneously. We demonstrate how this method permits measurements of sub-surface flows deeper into the Sun while providing higher uniformity in data coverage and velocity response closer to the limb of the solar disk. While the previous fitting method performs better for some measurements of low-phase-speed modes, we find this new method to be particularly useful for high phase-speed modes and small spatial areas.

Greer, Benjamin J; Toomre, Juri

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Expansion Process Flow Diagram  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs U.S. Department of EnergyD e s c r

70

Information Flow Property Preserving Transformation of UML Interaction Diagrams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full by Jacob [21] that the derivation of se- cure

St√łlen, Ketil

71

Imaging  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest Region service area.Portaldefault Sign In About |Imaging Imaging Print

72

Development of a three-dimensional particle image velocimetry algorithm and analysis of synthetic and experimental flows in three-dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEVELOPMENT OF A THREE-DIMENSIONAL PARTICLE IMAGE VELOCIMETRY ALGORITHM AND ANALYSIS OF SYNTHETIC AND EXPERIMENTAL FLOWS IN THREE-DIMENSIONS A Thesis by S YLVAIN VINCENT COSTES Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A8t... . . . . 7 . . . . 8 . . . . 8 9 . . . . . 9 . . . 10 . 10 . . 12 13 . . . . 19 19 . . . . 19 19 . . 22 vu CHAPTER IV. B. 3. Determination of ph pih pj and prj IV. B. 4. Determination of horizontal refraction angles . . . . . IV. C...

Costes, Sylvain Vincent

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

73

Geological flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper geology and planetology are considered using new conceptual basis of high-speed flow dynamics. Recent photo technics allow to see all details of a flow, 'cause the flow is static during very short time interval. On the other hand, maps and images of many planets are accessible. Identity of geological flows and high-speed gas dynamics is demonstrated. There is another time scale, and no more. All results, as far as the concept, are new and belong to the author. No formulae, pictures only.

Yu. N. Bratkov

2008-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

74

On phase diagrams of magnetic reconnection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently, ďphase diagramsĒ of magnetic reconnection were developed to graphically organize the present knowledge of what type, or phase, of reconnection is dominant in systems with given characteristic plasma parameters. Here, a number of considerations that require caution in using the diagrams are pointed out. First, two known properties of reconnection are omitted from the diagrams: the history dependence of reconnection and the absence of reconnection for small Lundquist number. Second, the phase diagrams mask a number of features. For one, the predicted transition to Hall reconnection should be thought of as an upper bound on the Lundquist number, and it may happen for considerably smaller values. Second, reconnection is never ďslow,Ē it is always ďfastĒ in the sense that the normalized reconnection rate is always at least 0.01. This has important implications for reconnection onset models. Finally, the definition of the relevant Lundquist number is nuanced and may differ greatly from the value based on characteristic scales. These considerations are important for applications of the phase diagrams. This is demonstrated by example for solar flares, where it is argued that it is unlikely that collisional reconnection can occur in the corona.

Cassak, P. A. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States)] [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States); Drake, J. F. [IREAP, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742-3511 (United States)] [IREAP, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742-3511 (United States)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

75

Non-Planar On-Shell Diagrams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We initiate a systematic study of non-planar on-shell diagrams in N=4 SYM and develop powerful technology for doing so. We introduce canonical variables generalizing face variables, which make the dlog form of the on-shell form explicit. We make significant progress towards a general classification of arbitrary on-shell diagrams by means of two classes of combinatorial objects: generalized matching and matroid polytopes. We propose a boundary measurement that connects general on-shell diagrams to the Grassmannian. Our proposal exhibits two important and non-trivial properties: positivity in the planar case and it matches the combinatorial description of the diagrams in terms of generalized matroid polytopes. Interestingly, non-planar diagrams exhibit novel phenomena, such as the emergence of constraints on Plucker coordinates beyond Plucker relations when deleting edges, which are neatly captured by the generalized matching and matroid polytopes. This behavior is tied to the existence of a new type of poles in the on-shell form at which combinations of Plucker coordinates vanish. Finally, we introduce a prescription, applicable beyond the MHV case, for writing the on-shell form as a function of minors directly from the graph.

Sebastian Franco; Daniele Galloni; Brenda Penante; Congkao Wen

2015-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

76

Imaging  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickr FlickrGuidedCH2MLLCBasicsScience atIanIgorIlyaBuildingImaging Print

77

Imaging  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickr FlickrGuidedCH2MLLCBasicsScience atIanIgorIlyaBuildingImaging

78

Real-Time Color-Flow Magnetic ResonanceImaging of Congenital Heart Disease E. De La Pena-Almaguer, K. S. Nayak, M. Terashima, P.C. Yang,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real-Time Color-Flow Magnetic ResonanceImaging of Congenital Heart Disease E. De La Pena used for the diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD), although it has limitations. Conventional MRI flow pulse sequence.A low flip- angle water selective spectral-spatial excitation is followed

Southern California, University of

79

Drawing conformal diagrams for a fractal landscape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generic models of cosmological inflation and the recently proposed scenarios of a recycling universe and the string theory landscape predict spacetimes whose global geometry is a stochastic, self-similar fractal. To visualize the complicated causal structure of such a universe, one usually draws a conformal (Carter-Penrose) diagram. I develop a new method for drawing conformal diagrams, applicable to arbitrary 1+1-dimensional spacetimes. This method is based on a qualitative analysis of intersecting lightrays and thus avoids the need for explicit transformations of the spacetime metric. To demonstrate the power and simplicity of this method, I present derivations of diagrams for spacetimes of varying complication. I then apply the lightray method to three different models of an eternally inflating universe (scalar-field inflation, recycling universe, and string theory landscape) involving the nucleation of nested asymptotically flat, de Sitter and/or anti-de Sitter bubbles. I show that the resulting diagrams contain a characteristic fractal arrangement of lines.

Sergei Winitzki

2005-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

80

Heart wall velocimetry and exogenous contrast-based cardiac flow imaging in Drosophila melanogaster using Doppler optical coherence tomography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Drosophila melanogaster (fruit fly) is a central organism in biology and is becoming increasingly important in the cardiovascular sciences. Prior work in optical imaging of the D. melanogaster heart has focused on static ...

Choma, Michael A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow diagram image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Bifurcation Diagram for Compartmentalized Granular Gases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The bifurcation diagram for a vibro-fluidized granular gas in N connected compartments is constructed and discussed. At vigorous driving, the uniform distribution (in which the gas is equi-partitioned over the compartments) is stable. But when the driving intensity is decreased this uniform distribution becomes unstable and gives way to a clustered state. For the simplest case, N=2, this transition takes place via a pitchfork bifurcation but for all N>2 the transition involves saddle-node bifurcations. The associated hysteresis becomes more and more pronounced for growing N. In the bifurcation diagram, apart from the uniform and the one-peaked distributions, also a number of multi-peaked solutions occur. These are transient states. Their physical relevance is discussed in the context of a stability analysis.

Devaraj van der Meer; Ko van der Weele; Detlef Lohse

2001-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

82

Energy Flow: Flow Charts Illustrating United States Energy Resources and Usage, from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Decision makers have long recognized the importance of visualizing energy and material flows in a way that distinguishes between resources, transformations and services. Research priorities can be defined in terms of changes to the flows, and the consequences of policy or technology shifts can be traced both upstream and downstream. The usefulness of this top-down view is limited by the level of detail that can be conveyed in a single image. We use two techniques to balance information content with readability. First we employe visualization techniques, such as those embodied in the energy Sankey diagram below (Figure 1), to display both qualitative (relative line weight) and quantitative (listed values) information in a reader-friendly package. The second method is to augment static images with dynamic, scalable digital content containing multiple layers (e.g. energy, carbon and economic data). This transitions the audience from that of a passive reader to an active user of the information. When used in conjunction these approaches enable relatively large, interconnected processes to be described and analyzed efficiently. [copied from the description at http://en.openei.org/wiki/LLNL_Energy_Flow_Charts#cite_note-1

83

From Hubble diagrams to scale factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a lower bound on the radius of the universe today $a_0$ and a monotonicity constraint on the Hubble diagram. Our theoretical input is Einstein's kinematics and maximally symmetric universes. Present supernova data yield $a_0 > 1.2\\cdot 10^{26}$ m. A first attempt to quantify the monotonicity constraint is described. We do not see any indication of non-monotonicity.

Thomas Schucker; Andre Tilquin

2005-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

84

Density-Enthalpy Phase Diagram 0D Boiler Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diagram 0D Boiler Simulation Finite Element Method Further Research Mass and Heat balances V d dt = i - eDensity-Enthalpy Phase Diagram 0D Boiler Simulation Finite Element Method Further Research Finite Transitions #12;Density-Enthalpy Phase Diagram 0D Boiler Simulation Finite Element Method Further Research

Vuik, Kees

85

E-Print Network 3.0 - argand diagrams Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

diagram called the Argand Diagram: E T x ... Source: Davies, Christopher - School of Mathematics, University of Wales, Cardiff Collection: Mathematics 2 Argand Diagrams and the...

86

Ring diagram analysis of velocity fields within the solar convection zone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ring diagram analysis of solar oscillation power spectra obtained from MDI data is performed to study the velocity fields within the solar convection zone. The three dimensional power spectra are fitted to a model with a Lorentzian profile in frequency and includes the advection of the wave front by horizontal flows to obtain the two horizontal components of flows as a function of the horizontal wave number and radial order of the oscillation modes. This information is then inverted using the OLA and RLS techniques to infer the variation in flow velocity with depth. The resulting velocity fields yield the mean rotation velocity at different latitudes which agrees reasonably with helioseismic estimates. The zonal flow inferred in the outermost layers also appears to be in agreement with other measurements. A meridional flow from equator polewards is found to have an amplitude of about 25 m/s near the surface and the amplitude appears to increase with depth.

Sarbani Basu; H. M. Antia; S. C. Tripathy

1998-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

87

Using Normal Flow for Detection and Tracking of Limbs in Color Images Zoran Duric, Fayin Li, Yan Sun, Harry Wechsler  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sun, Harry Wechsler Department of Computer Science George Mason University Fairfax, VA 22030 {zduric and be the unit vectors in the x and y directions, re- spectively; r = ix + y is the projected displacement field at the point r = xi + y. If we choose a unit direc- tion vector nr = nxi + ny at the image point r and call

Duric, Zoran

88

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING, VOL. 16, NO. 3, MARCH 2007 803 Global Regularizing Flows With Topology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a priori, despite a complex unknown geometry, and it is important that the active contour or polygon. [2] and Kichenassamy et al. [3], building on [4] and [5], have considered a geometric energy, i Member, IEEE Abstract--Active contour and active polygon models have been used widely for image

Soatto, Stefano

89

Critical point analysis of phase envelope diagram  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phase diagram or phase envelope is a relation between temperature and pressure that shows the condition of equilibria between the different phases of chemical compounds, mixture of compounds, and solutions. Phase diagram is an important issue in chemical thermodynamics and hydrocarbon reservoir. It is very useful for process simulation, hydrocarbon reactor design, and petroleum engineering studies. It is constructed from the bubble line, dew line, and critical point. Bubble line and dew line are composed of bubble points and dew points, respectively. Bubble point is the first point at which the gas is formed when a liquid is heated. Meanwhile, dew point is the first point where the liquid is formed when the gas is cooled. Critical point is the point where all of the properties of gases and liquids are equal, such as temperature, pressure, amount of substance, and others. Critical point is very useful in fuel processing and dissolution of certain chemicals. Here in this paper, we will show the critical point analytically. Then, it will be compared with numerical calculations of Peng-Robinson equation by using Newton-Raphson method. As case studies, several hydrocarbon mixtures are simulated using by Matlab.

Soetikno, Darmadi; Siagian, Ucok W. R. [Department of Petroleum Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia); Kusdiantara, Rudy, E-mail: rkusdiantara@s.itb.ac.id; Puspita, Dila, E-mail: rkusdiantara@s.itb.ac.id; Sidarto, Kuntjoro A., E-mail: rkusdiantara@s.itb.ac.id; Soewono, Edy; Gunawan, Agus Y. [Department of Mathematics, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia)

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

90

Quick Notes on CO2 Diagram and Energy Diagram For the ESRP 285 Website (Spring 2008)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and the US contributes a substantial share of the global total. In 2001, for example, the energy related such as gasoline in vehicles and coal in power plants. Energy related carbon emissions are a global problem of the diagram. The electricity sector was responsible for 39% of energy- related emissions and 33% of the total

Ford, Andrew

91

Edinburgh Research Explorer Quantifying the implicit process flow abstraction in SBGN-PD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Edinburgh Research Explorer Quantifying the implicit process flow abstraction in SBGN-PD diagrams the implicit process flow abstraction in SBGN-PD diagrams with Bio-PEPA'. in Proceedings of COMPMOD 2009. ETPCS to publication record in Edinburgh Research Explorer Published In: Proceedings of COMPMOD 2009 General rights

Millar, Andrew J.

92

Laser Ablation Sampling of Materials Directly into the Formed Liquid Microjunction of a Continuous Flow Surface Sampling Probe/Electrospray Ionization Emitter for Mass Spectral Analysis and Imaging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Transmission geometry laser ablation directly into a formed liquid microjunction of a continuous flow liquid microjunction surface sampling probe/electrospray ionization emitter was utilized for molecular and elemental detection and mass spectrometry imaging. The ability to efficiently capture and ionize ablated material was demonstrated by the detection of various small soluble n-mers of polyaniline and silver ion solvent clusters formed from laser ablation of electropolymerized polyaniline and silver thin films, respectively. In addition, analysis of surfaces that contain soluble components was accomplished by coating or laminating the sample with an insoluble film to enable liquid junction formation without directly extracting material from the surface. The ability to perform mass spectrometry imaging at a spatial resolution of about 50 m was illustrated by using laminated inked patterns on a microscope slide. In general, these data demonstrate at least an order of magnitude signal enhancement compared to the non-contact, laser ablation droplet capture-based surface sampling/ionization approaches that have been previously presented.

Ovchinnikova, Olga S [ORNL] [ORNL; Lorenz, Matthias [ORNL] [ORNL; Kertesz, Vilmos [ORNL] [ORNL; Van Berkel, Gary J [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

QCD phase diagram from the lattice at strong coupling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The phase diagram of lattice QCD in the strong coupling limit can be measured in the full $\\mu$-$T$ plane, also in the chiral limit. In particular, the phase diagram in the chiral limit features a tricritical point at some $(\\mu_c,T_c)$. This point may be related to the critical end point expected in the QCD phase diagram. We discuss the gauge corrections to the phase diagram at strong coupling and compare our findings with various possible scenarios in continuum QCD. We comment on the possibility that the tricritical point at strong coupling is connected to the tricritical point in the continuum, massless QCD.

de Forcrand, Philippe; Unger, Wolfgang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Imaging, Characterizing, and Modeling of Fracture Networks and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Imaging, Characterizing, and Modeling of Fracture Networks and Fluid Flow in EGS Reservoirs Imaging, Characterizing, and Modeling of Fracture Networks and Fluid Flow in EGS...

95

Oak Ridge K-25 Site Technology Logic Diagram. Volume 2, Technology Logic Diagrams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Oak Ridge K-25 Technology Logic Diagram (TLD), a decision support tool for the K-25 Site, was developed to provide a planning document that relates envirorunental restoration and waste management problems at the Oak Ridge K-25 Site to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. The TLD technique identifies the research necessary to develop these technologies to a state that allows for technology transfer and application to waste management, remedial action, and decontamination and decommissioning activities. The TLD consists of four separate volumes-Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3A, and Vol. 3B. Volume 1 provides introductory and overview information about the TLD. This volume, Volume 2, contains logic diagrams with an index. Volume 3 has been divided into two separate volumes to facilitate handling and use.

Fellows, R.L. [ed.

1993-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

96

FeynEdit - a tool for drawing Feynman diagrams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe the FeynEdit tool for drawing Feynman diagrams. Input and output is done using the LaTeX macros of FeynArts, which also implies that diagrams drawn by FeynArts can be edited with FeynEdit. The LaTeX code can be conveniently transferred using copy-and-paste.

T. Hahn; P. Lang

2007-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

97

Mobius Transformations, Power Diagrams, Lombardi Drawings, and Soap Bubbles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M¨obius Transformations, Power Diagrams, Lombardi Drawings, and Soap Bubbles David Eppstein Euro a novel type of power diagram for disks in the plane that is invariant under M¨obius transformations Using For points outside circle, power = (positive) length of tangent segment For points inside circle, power = -1

Eppstein, David

98

New thermodynamic diagrams developed for methane and ethane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermodynamic diagrams have been developed for methane and ethane. The diagrams determine volume and enthalpy as a function of pressure and temperature. The diagrams cover a wide range of conditions and are designed for ease of use. The enthalpy diagrams also contain constant-entropy lines, which allow engineers to solve second-law problems such as adiabatic expansion and fluid compression. Each diagram includes: a two-phase region for saturated liquid and vapor; a superheated gas region for gases at temperatures above the saturation temperature; a subcooled liquid region for liquids at temperatures below the saturation temperature; and a supercritical region for temperatures and pressures above the critical point. Representative engineering uses are illustrated in three examples.

Yaws, C.L.; Sheth, S.D.; Han, M. [Lamar Univ., Beaumont, TX (United States)

1995-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

99

Slip ratio in dispersed viscous oil-water pipe flow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this article, dispersed flow of viscous oil and water is investigated. The experimental work was performed in a 26.2-mm-i.d. 12-m-long horizontal glass pipe using water and oil (viscosity of 100 mPa s and density of 860 kg/m{sup 3}) as test fluids. High-speed video recording and a new wire-mesh sensor based on capacitance (permittivity) measurements were used to characterize the flow. Furthermore, holdup data were obtained using quick-closing-valves technique (QCV). An interesting finding was the oil-water slip ratio greater than one for dispersed flow at high Reynolds number. Chordal phase fraction distribution diagrams and images of the holdup distribution over the pipe cross-section obtained via wire-mesh sensor indicated a significant amount of water near to the pipe wall for the three different dispersed flow patterns identified in this study: oil-in-water homogeneous dispersion (o/w H), oil-in-water non-homogeneous dispersion (o/w NH) and Dual continuous (Do/w and Dw/o). The phase slip might be explained by the existence of a water film surrounding the homogeneous mixture of oil-in-water in a hidrofilic-oilfobic pipe. (author)

Rodriguez, Iara H.; Yamaguti, Henrique K.B.; de Castro, Marcelo S.; Rodriguez, Oscar M.H. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Engineering School of Sao Carlos, University of Sao Paulo (USP), Av. Trabalhador Sao Carlense, 400, 13566-970 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil); Da Silva, Marco J. [Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf e. V., Institute of Safety Research, PO Box 510119, 01314 Dresden (Germany)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

100

Minimum Energy Diagrams for Multieffect Distillation Arrangements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the energy use from this process accounts for an estimated 3% of the world energy consumption.1 With rising on the overall plant energy consumption. The use of heat integration combined with complex config- urations distillation ar- rangements. An easy form of comparison for energy consumption is the minimum vapor flow rate

Skogestad, Sigurd

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow diagram image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Technology Logic Diagram. Volume 2, Technology Logic Diagram: Part B, Remedial Action  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Technology Logic Diagram (TLD) was developed to provide a decision support tool that relates environmental restoration (ER) and waste management (WM) problems at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. The TLD identifies the research, development, demonstration, testing, and evaluation needed to develop these technologies to a state that allows technology transfer and application to decontamination and decommissioning (D&D), remedial action (RA), and WM activities. The TLD consists of three fundamentally separate volumes: Vol. 1 (Technology Evaluation), Vol. 2 (Technology Logic Diagram), and Vol. 3 (Technology Evaluation Data Sheets). Part A of Vols. 1. and 2 focuses on D&D. Part B of Vols. 1 and 2 focuses on the RA of contaminated facilities. Part C of Vols. 1 and 2 focuses on WM. Each part of Vol. 1 contains an overview of the TLD, an explanation of the program-specific responsibilities, a review of identified technologies, and the rankings of remedial technologies. Volume 2 (Pts. A, B, and C) contains the logic linkages among EM goals, environmental problems, and the various technologies that have the potential to solve these problems. Volume 3 (Pts. A, B, and C) contains the TLD data sheets. Remedial action is the focus of Vol. 2, Pt. B, which has been divided into the three necessary subelements of the RA: characterization, RA, and robotics and automation. Each of these sections address general ORNL problems, which are then broken down by problem area/constituents and linked to potential remedial technologies. The diagrams also contain summary information about a technology`s status, its science and technology needs, and its implementation needs.

Not Available

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Construction of a Penrose Diagram for an Accreting Black Hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Penrose diagram is constructed for a spatially coherent black hole that accretes at stepwise steady rates as measured by a distant observer from an initial state described by a metric of Minkowski form. Coordinate lines are computationally derived, and radial light-like trajectories verify the viability of the diagram. Coordinate dependencies of significant features, such as the horizon and radial mass scale, are clearly demonstrated on the diagram. The onset of a singularity at the origin is shown to open a new region in space-time that contains the interior of the black hole.

Beth A. Brown; James Lindesay

2008-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

103

Correctness of depiction in planar diagrams of spatial figures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that it is possible to decide whether a given planar diagram correctly depicts the spatial figure consisting of a planar quadrangle together with its shadow in another plane.

P. L. Robinson

2014-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

104

Standard for the Electronic Distribution of SBOLv Diagrams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A common method for publicly distributing design diagrams on the Web would enhance understanding of the mechanisms and intended function of synthetic DNA constructs. We aim to improve the usefulness of the depicted design ...

Johnson, Jeffrey

2010-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

105

Interaction Diagrams for Ambient and Heated Concrete Sections†  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bending moment axial force interaction diagrams are a commonly used tool in any design office. When designing for fire conditions, the large axial forces which develop place an additional importance on the consideration ...

Law, Angus; Gillie, Martin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Quantitative measurement of Cr segregation in Co0.8xCrxPt0.1B0.1 recording media by scatter diagram analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- trometry or electron energy-loss spectrometry EELS data at each point. In most cases this technique diagram analysis of chemically resolved energy-filtered transmission electron microscopy EFTEM images the Cr enrichment is suf- ficiently high as to render the local Co­Cr composition non- magnetic

Krishnan, Kannan M.

107

High throughput analysis of samples in flowing liquid  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus and method enable imaging multiple fluorescent sample particles in a single flow channel. A flow channel defines a flow direction for samples in a flow stream and has a viewing plane perpendicular to the flow direction. A laser beam is formed as a ribbon having a width effective to cover the viewing plane. Imaging optics are arranged to view the viewing plane to form an image of the fluorescent sample particles in the flow stream, and a camera records the image formed by the imaging optics.

Ambrose, W. Patrick (Los Alamos, NM); Grace, W. Kevin (Los Alamos, NM); Goodwin, Peter M. (Los Alamos, NM); Jett, James H. (Los Alamos, NM); Orden, Alan Van (Fort Collins, CO); Keller, Richard A. (White Rock, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

PostScript versions of Dynkin diagrams This note describes a package of encapsulated PostScript figures of Dynkin diagrams. They were first  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the plain Dynkin diagrams for the finite root systems: File Diagram an.eps bn.eps cn.eps dn.eps e6.eps e7.eps e8.eps f4.eps g2.eps Here are the corresponding affine diagrams: File Diagram anz.eps bnz.eps cnz.eps #12;PostScript versions of Dynkin diagrams 2 dnz.eps e6z.eps e7z.eps e8z.eps f4z.eps g2z.eps Here

Casselman, William

109

A PROJECT MANAGEMENT CAUSAL LOOP DIAGRAM T. Michael Toole1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A PROJECT MANAGEMENT CAUSAL LOOP DIAGRAM T. Michael Toole1 Accepted for the 2005 ARCOM Conference several deficiencies in current project management analytical techniques. This paper facilitates the integration of system dynamics into project management by providing an overview of system dynamics principles

Toole, T. Michael

110

Spectral Decision Diagrams Using Graph Transformations Mitchell Thornton Rolf Drechsler  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spectral Decision Diagrams Using Graph Transformations #3; Mitchell Thornton Rolf Drechsler Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Siemens AG Mississippi State University Corporate Technology Mississippi State, MS 39762 81730 Munich, Germany mitch@ece.msstate.edu rolf.drechsler@mchp.siemens

Thornton, Mitchell

111

Cloud computing and hyperbolic Voronoi diagrams on the sphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we study the minimization problem for the total distance in a cloud computing network on the sphere. We give a solution to this problem in terms of hyperbolic Voronoi diagrams on the sphere. We present results of computer simulations illustrating the solution.

Pavel Bleher; Caroline Shouraboura

2012-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

112

Magnetic phase diagram of small superconducting two-loop networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The critical magnetic behaviour of simple superconducting micro-networks is illustrat- ed by discussing several properties of super- conducting micro-networks [1-3], see also [4]. This theoretical activity has beenL-277 Magnetic phase diagram of small superconducting two-loop networks J. Riess Centre de

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

113

The BPM to UML activity diagram transformation using XSLT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The BPM to UML activity diagram transformation using XSLT Ondrej Macek1 and Karel Richta1,2 1. Keywords: BPM, BPMN, UML, model transformation, XSLT 1 Introduction The Business Process Model (BPM of describing and improving business processes. The BPM can be described in various notations: in Business

114

AIAA-2005-0196 OPTIMIZED GOODMAN DIAGRAM FOR THE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Goodman diagram for a fiberglass composite that is a typical wind turbine blade material in materials testing that is usually outside the bounds of typical design standards for wind turbine blades TURBINE BLADES* Herbert J. Sutherland Sandia National Laboratories , Albuquerque, NM 87185-070 and John F

115

Temperature-pressure phase diagram of deuterated tetramethylammonium tetrachlorozincate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the range 0 to 1.8 kbar and 2014 5 to 36 ¬įC. This diagram is a nice illustration of the devil's staircase.4 and one with k 0.4. There the devil's staircase is incomplete, hysteresis appears at the lock-in transitions. At low P and T the devil's staircase is complete and behaviour irreversible

Boyer, Edmond

116

Bypass Flow Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of the fluid dynamics experiments in the MIR (Matched Index of-Refraction) flow system at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is to develop benchmark databases for the assessment of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) solutions of the momentum equations, scalar mixing, and turbulence models for the flow ratios between coolant channels and bypass gaps in the interstitial regions of typical prismatic standard fuel element (SFE) or upper reflector block geometries of typical Modular High-temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (MHTGR) in the limiting case of negligible buoyancy and constant fluid properties. The experiments use Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) to measure the velocity fields that will populate the bypass flow study database.

Richard Schultz

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Cotton flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the conformally invariant Cotton tensor, we define a geometric flow, the "Cotton flow", which is exclusive to three dimensions. This flow tends to evolve the initial metrics into conformally flat ones, and is somewhat orthogonal to the Yamabe flow, the latter being a flow within a conformal class. We define an entropy functional, and study the flow of nine homogeneous spaces both numerically and analytically. In particular, we show that the arbitrarily deformed homogeneous 3-sphere flows into the round 3-sphere. Two of the nine homogeneous geometries, which are degenerated by the Ricci flow, are left intact by the Cotton flow.

Ali Ulas Ozgur Kisisel; Ozgur Sarioglu; Bayram Tekin

2008-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

118

2012 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record (NSSIMIC) M07-4 Myocardial Blood Flow from Dynamic PET  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-4 Myocardial Blood Flow from Dynamic PET using Independent Component Analysis Alexander Karpikov, Hemant Tagare) from dynamic PET requires a reproducible and reliable method to obtain left and right ventricular time-activity curves. We propose the use of Independent Component Analysis (ICA) on PET temporal information to segment

Duncan, James S.

119

FORMAL SEMANTICS AND VERIFICATION OF DYNAMIC RELIABILITY BLOCK DIAGRAMS FOR SYSTEM RELIABILITY MODELING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FORMAL SEMANTICS AND VERIFICATION OF DYNAMIC RELIABILITY BLOCK DIAGRAMS FOR SYSTEM RELIABILITY captured by existing reliability modeling tools. In this paper, we introduce a new reliability modeling tool, called dynamic reliability block diagrams (DRBD), for modeling dynamic relationships between

Xu, Haiping

120

Phase diagram of two-dimensional hard ellipses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the phase diagram of two-dimensional hard ellipses as obtained from replica exchange Monte Carlo simulations. The replica exchange is implemented by expanding the isobaric ensemble in pressure. The phase diagram shows four regions: isotropic, nematic, plastic, and solid (letting aside the hexatic phase at the isotropic-plastic two-step transition [PRL 107, 155704 (2011)]). At low anisotropies, the isotropic fluid turns into a plastic phase which in turn yields a solid for increasing pressure (area fraction). Intermediate anisotropies lead to a single first order transition (isotropic-solid). Finally, large anisotropies yield an isotropic-nematic transition at low pressures and a high-pressure nematic-solid transition. We obtain continuous isotropic-nematic transitions. For the transitions involving quasi-long-range positional ordering, i. e. isotropic-plastic, isotropic-solid, and nematic-solid, we observe bimodal probability density functions. This supports first order transition scenarios.

Gustavo Bautista-Carbajal; Gerardo Odriozola

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow diagram image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Oak Ridge K-25 Site Technology Logic Diagram  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Oak Ridge K-25 Technology Logic Diagram (TLD), a decision support tool for the K-25 Site, was developed to provide a planning document that relates envirorunental restoration and waste management problems at the Oak Ridge K-25 Site to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. The TLD technique identifies the research necessary to develop these technologies to a state that allows for technology transfer and application to waste management, remedial action, and decontamination and decommissioning activities. The TLD consists of four separate volumes-Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3A, and Vol. 3B. Volume 1 provides introductory and overview information about the TLD. This volume, Volume 2, contains logic diagrams with an index. Volume 3 has been divided into two separate volumes to facilitate handling and use.

Fellows, R.L. (ed.)

1993-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

122

Oak Ridge K-25 Site Technology Logic Diagram  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Oak Ridge K-25 Technology Logic Diagram (TLD), a decision support tool for the K-25 Site, was developed to provide a planning document that relates environmental restoration and waste management problems at the Oak Ridge K-25 Site to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. The TLD technique identifies the research necessary to develop these technologies to a state that allows for technology transfer and application to waste management, remedial action, and decontamination and decommissioning activities. The TLD consists of four separate volumes-Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3A, and Vol. 3B. Volume 1 provides introductory and overview information about the TLD. Volume 2 contains logic diagrams. Volume 3 has been divided into two separate volumes to facilitate handling and use. This report is part A of Volume 3 concerning characterization, decontamination, and dismantlement.

Fellows, R.L. (ed.)

1993-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

123

Two-loop Yang-Mills diagrams from superstring amplitudes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Starting from the superstring amplitude describing interactions among D-branes with a constant world-volume field strength, we present a detailed analysis of how the open string degeneration limits reproduce the corresponding field theory Feynman diagrams. A key ingredient in the string construction is represented by the twisted (Prym) super differentials, as their periods encode the information about the background field. We provide an efficient method to calculate perturbatively the determinant of the twisted period matrix in terms of sets of super-moduli appropriate to the degeneration limits. Using this result we show that there is a precise one-to-one correspondence between the degeneration of different factors in the superstring amplitudes and one-particle irreducible Feynman diagrams capturing the gauge theory effective action at the two-loop level.

Magnea, Lorenzo; Russo, Rodolfo; Sciuto, Stefano

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Phase Diagram of Fully Developed Drainage in Porous Media  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using concepts of invasion percolation in a gradient, we develop a phase diagram of fully developed drainage in porous media. The transition between stabilized displacement (where the conventional continuum applies) and fingering is controlled by the change of the sign of the gradient of the percolation probability (from stabilizing to destabilizing). The transition boundary is described by scaling laws. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Yortsos, Y.C.; Xu, B. [Petroleum Engineering Program, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089-1211 (United States)] [Petroleum Engineering Program, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089-1211 (United States); Salin, D. [Laboratoire Fluides, Automatique et Systemes Thermiques, Universite Paris VI and XI, associated with C.N.R.S. (URA 871), Batiment 502, Campus Universitaire, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France)] [Laboratoire Fluides, Automatique et Systemes Thermiques, Universite Paris VI and XI, associated with C.N.R.S. (URA 871), Batiment 502, Campus Universitaire, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France)

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Towards a Cosmological Hubble Diagram for Type II-PSupernovae  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the first high-redshift Hubble diagram for Type II-P supernovae (SNe II-P) based upon five events at redshift upto z {approx}0.3. This diagram was constructed using photometry from the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Supernova Legacy Survey and absorption line spectroscopy from the Keck observatory. The method used to measure distances to these supernovae is based on recent work by Hamuy&Pinto (2002) and exploits a correlation between the absolute brightness of SNeII-P and the expansion velocities derived from the minimum of the Fe II 516.9 nm P-Cygni feature observed during the plateau phases. We present three refinements to this method which significantly improve the practicality of measuring the distances of SNe II-P at cosmologically interesting redshifts. These are an extinction correction measurement based on the V-I colors at day 50, across-correlation measurement for the expansion velocity and the ability to extrapolate such velocities accurately over almost the entire plateau phase. We apply this revised method to our dataset of high-redshift SNe II-P and find that the resulting Hubble diagram has a scatter of only 0.26 magnitudes, thus demonstrating the feasibility of measuring the expansion history, with present facilities, using a method independent of that based upon supernovae of Type Ia.

Nugent, Peter; Sullivan, Mark; Ellis, Richard; Gal-Yam, Avishay; Leonard, Douglas C.; Howell, D. Andrew; Astier, Pierre; Carlberg, RaymondG.; Conley, Alex; Fabbro, Sebastien; Fouchez, Dominique; Neill, James D.; Pain, Reynald; Perrett, Kathy; Pritchet, Chris J; Regnault, Nicolas

2006-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

126

Eigenmode Identification in Campbell Diagrams Krisztian Buza, Christine Preisach, Andre Busche, Lars Schmidt-Thieme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be approximated by lines (as linear terms usually dominate). Analysis of Campbell diagrams is usually performed to rotational motion. In Campbell diagrams, eigenmodes are represented as nearly horizontal lines. Excitation., the component brakes after a number of cycles [1]. Campbell diagrams are usually recorded during engine tests

Schmidt-Thieme, Lars

127

ccsd00001219 Superconducting phase diagram of the lled skuterrudite PrOs 4 Sb 12  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ccsd­00001219 (version 2) : 16 Mar 2004 Superconducting phase diagram of the #12;lled skuterrudite a precise magnetic #12;eld-temperature superconducting phase diagram of PrOs4Sb12 down to 350 mK. We discuss the superconducting phase diagram of PrOs4Sb12 and its possible relation with an unconventional superconducting order

128

A CSP View on UMLRT structure diagrams Clemens Fischer, ErnstRudiger Olderog and Heike Wehrheim  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A CSP View on UML­RT structure diagrams Clemens Fischer, Ernst­R¨udiger Olderog and Heike Wehrheim UML­RT structure diagrams together with the formal method CSP­OZ combining CSP and Object­Z. While CSP­OZ is used for specifying the system components themselves (by CSP­OZ classes), UML­RT diagrams provide

Habel, Annegret

129

Influence Diagrams as Decision-Making Tools for Pesticide Risk Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Influence Diagrams as Decision-Making Tools for Pesticide Risk Management John F Carriger on using decision analysis with influence diagrams (IDs) for pesticide risk management decisions. The ID risk decision making are less common. An influence diagram approach is proposed for ecological risk

Newman, Michael C.

130

SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY WITH LAW ENCODING DIAGRAMS Peter C-H. Cheng  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 1 - SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY WITH LAW ENCODING DIAGRAMS Peter C-H. Cheng ESRC Centre for Research the concept of Law Encoding Diagrams, LEDs, and argues that they have had a role in scientific discovery the underlying relations of a law, or a system of simultaneous laws, in the structure of a diagram by the means

Cheng, Peter

131

Function Block Diagrams * {ekjee, jbyoo, suhyun, cha}@dependable.kaist.ac.kr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

}@dependable.kaist.ac.kr : FBD(Function Block Diagram) FBD . PLC FBD C . FBD . FBD Center(ITRC). RLL(Relay Ladder Logic) , . PLC(Programmable Logic Controller) [2] , LD(Ladder Diagram) FBD(Function Block Diagram) PLC . PLC . PLC

132

Fig. l. Schematic diagram of the mlorimeter flow svstem. with Gilson polypropylene connectors. (G) Gilson Holochrome  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AND FRANTZ: DETERMINATION OF ALT,JMINUM sure.Absorbanceis monitored Lt 370nm by a chart recorder volume of the Ferron solution (0.25 e/D. With this buffered Ferron solution, a differenceofan order of magnitude in HCI concentration between an un- known and the standardsintroducesan eror of only abottt2Vo

Brady, John B.

133

Analysis of Flow of Control for Reverse Engineering of Sequence Diagrams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of The Ohio State University By Olga Nicole Volgin, B.S. * * * * * The Ohio State University 2005 Master and Information Science #12;ABSTRACT During software lifecycle, the design documentation and implementation often enhancement based on inaccurate documentation may result in costly software design and implementation flaws

Rountev, Atanas "Nasko"

134

Sankey Diagram of Nonprocess Energy Flow in U.S. Manufacturing Sector |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from the Gridwise Global Forum Round-UpSTATE ENERGYof|DataSandra L. Burrell

135

Sankey Diagram of Process Energy Flow in U.S. Manufacturing Sector |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from the Gridwise Global Forum Round-UpSTATE ENERGYof|DataSandra L.

136

Smart Grid Conceptual Actors/Data Flow Diagram- Cross Domain Network  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energyof the Americas |DOE FormerEnergySaveP RSmall ColumnSmartFocued-

137

Sankey Diagram of Energy Flow in U.S. Manufacturing | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systems controller systemsis aSecurity AdministrationSanket A.

138

Energy Flow Diagram | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 IndustrialIsadore Perlman,Bios High EnergyEliane S LessnerDrTimEarth

139

ESPC Overview: Cash Flows, Scenarios, and Associated Diagrams for Energy Savings Performance Contracts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is meant to inform state and local decision makers about the process of energy savings performance contracts, and how projected savings and allocated energy-related budgets can be impacted by changes in utility prices.

Tetreault, T.; Regenthal, S.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

The Euclid space-time diagram of the theory of relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A conventional space-time diagram is $r-ct$ one, which satisfies the Minkowski geometry. This geometry conflict the intuition from the Euclid geometry. In this work an Euclid space-time diagram is proposed to describe relativistic world lines with an exact Euclid geometry. The relativistic effects such as the dilation of moving clocks, the contraction of moving length, and the twin paradox can be geometrically expressed in the Euclid space-time diagram. It is applied to the case of a satellite clock to correct the gravitational effect. It is found that this Euclid space-time diagram is much more intuitive than the conventional space-time diagram.

W. LiMing

2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow diagram image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Pairing Gaps, Pseudogaps, and Phase Diagrams for Cuprate Superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use a symmetry-constrained variational procedure to construct a generalization of BCS to include Cooper pairs with non-zero momentum and angular momentum. The resulting gap equations are solved at zero and finite temperature, and the doping-dependent solutions are used to construct gap and phase diagrams. We find a pseudogap terminating at a critical doping that may be interpreted in terms of both competing order and preformed pairs. The strong similarity between observation and predicted gap and phase structure suggests that this approach may provide a unified description of the complex structure observed for cuprate superconductors.

Yang Sun; Mike Guidry; Cheng-Li Wu

2007-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

142

Phase diagram for injection locking a superradiant laser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We experimentally and theoretically study the response of a superradiant or bad-cavity laser to an applied coherent drive. We observe two forms of synchronization (injection locking) between the superradiant ensemble and the applied drive: one attractive and one repulsive in nature. We explain the region of repulsion as arising from the higher three-dimensional description of the atomic spin state that stores the laser coherence in a superradiant laser, as opposed to a two-parameter description of the electric field in a traditional good-cavity laser. We derive a phase diagram of predicted behavior and experimentally measure the response of the system across various trajectories therein.

Kevin C. Cox; Joshua M. Weiner; James K. Thompson

2014-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

143

The nuclear matter phase diagram, multifragmentation, Zipf's law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some of the progress in determining the phase boundaries of the nuclear phase diagram, the location of the critical point of the nuclear fragmentation phase transition, and the values of the critical exponents of this transition is reviewed. The recently postulated connection of the size of the largest fragments as a function of their rank with Zipf's law known from linguistics is discussed, and an exact formula is derived. We show that Zipf's law is not strictly observed in nuclear fragmentation, but that one can derive useful approximations.

Wolfgang Bauer; Brandon Alleman; Scott Pratt

2005-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

144

Active and Passive Remote Sensing Diagram | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 SouthWaterBrasil Jump to: navigation,Diagram Jump to: navigation, search

145

Full-Volume, Three-Dimensional, Transient Measurements of Bubbly Flows Using Particle Tracking Velocimetry and Shadow Image Velocimetry Coupled with Pattern Recognition Techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Develop a state-of-the-art non-intrusive diagnostic tool to perform simultaneous measurements of both the temporal and three-dimensional spatial velocity of the two phases of a bubbly flow. These measurements are required to provide a foundation for studying the constitutive closure relations needed in computational fluid dynamics and best-estimate thermal hydraulic codes employed in nuclear reactor safety analysis and severe accident simulation. Such kinds of full-field measurements are not achievable through the commonly used point-measurement techniques, such as hot wire, conductance probe, laser Doppler anemometry, etc. The results can also be used in several other applications, such as the dynamic transport of pollutants in water or studies of the dispersion of hazardous waste.

Yassin Hassan

2001-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

146

Subcritical dynamo bifurcation in the Taylor Green flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report direct numerical simulations of dynamo generation for flow generated using a Taylor-Green forcing. We find that the bifurcation is subcritical, and show its bifurcation diagram. We connect the associated hysteretic behavior with hydrodynamics changes induced by the action of the Lorentz force. We show the geometry of the dynamo magnetic field and discuss how the dynamo transition can be induced when an external field is applied to the flow.

Yannick Ponty; Jean-Phillipe Laval; Berengere Dubrulle; FranÁois Daviaud; Jean-FranÁois Pinton

2007-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

147

Oak Ridge K-25 Site Technology Logic Diagram  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Oak Ridge K-25 Technology Logic Diagram (TLD), a decision support tool for the K-25 Site, was developed to provide a planning document that relates environmental restoration and waste management problems at the Oak Ridge K-25 Site to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. The TLD technique identifies the research necessary to develop these technologies to a state that allows for technology transfer and application to waste management, remedial action, and decontamination and decommissioning activities. The TLD consists of four separate volumes-Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3A, and Vol. 3B. This Volume, Volume 1 provides introductory and overview information about the TLD. Volume 2 contains logic diagrams. Volume 3 has been divided into two separate volumes to facilitate handling and use. This volume is divided into ten chapters. The first chapter is a brief introduction, and the second chapter details the technical approach of the TLD. These categories are the work activities necessary for successful decontamination and decommissioning, waste management, and remedial action of the K-25 Site. The categories are characterization, decontamination, dismantlement, robotics and automation, remedial action, and waste management. Materials disposition is addressed in Chap. 9. The final chapter contains regulatory compliance information concerning waste management, remedial action, and decontamination and decommissioning.

Fellows, R.L. (ed.)

1993-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

148

Oak Ridge K-25 Site Technology Logic Diagram  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Oak Ridge K-25 Technology Logic Diagram (TLD), a decision support tool for the K-25 Site, was developed to provide a planning document that relates environmental restoration (ER) and waste management (WN) problems at the Oak Ridge K-25 Site. The TLD technique identifies the research necessary to develop these technologies to a state that allows for technology transfer and application to waste management, remediation, decontamination, and decommissioning activities. The TLD consists of four separate volumes-Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3A, and Vol. 3B. Volume 1 provides introductory and overview information about the TLD. Volume 2 contains logic diagrams. Volume 3 has been divided into two separate volumes to facilitate handling and use. This volume 3 B provides the Technology Evaluation Data Sheets (TEDS) for ER/WM activities (Remedial Action Robotics and Automation, Waste Management) that are referenced by a TEDS code number in Vol. 2 of the TLD. Each of these sheets represents a single logic trace across the TLD. These sheets contain more detail than each technology in Vol. 2. The TEDS are arranged alphanumerically by the TEDS code number in the upper right corner of each data sheet. Volume 3 can be used in two ways: (1) technologies that are identified from Vol. 2 can be referenced directly in Vol. 3 by using the TEDS codes, and (2) technologies and general technology areas (alternatives) can be located in the index in the front of this volume.

Fellows, R.L. (ed.)

1993-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

149

Phase Diagram of Diblock Copolymer Melt in Dimension d=5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the self-consistent field theory (SCFT) in spherical unit cells of various dimensionalities, D, a phase diagram of a diblock, A-b-B, is calculated in 5 dimensional space, d = 5. This is an extension of a previous work for d = 4. The phase diagram is parameterized by the chain composition, f, and incompatibility between A and B , quantified by the product \\c{hi} N. We predict 5 stable nanophases: layers, cylinders, 3 D spherical cells, 4D spherical cells, and 5D spherical cells. In the strong segregation limit, that is for large \\c{hi}N, the order-order transition compositions are determined by the strong segregation theory (SST) in its simplest form. While the predictions of the SST theory are close to the corresponding SCFT extrapolations for d=4, the extrapolations for d=5 significantly differ from them. We find that the S5 nanophase is stable in a narrow strip between the ordered S4 nanophase and the disordered phase. The calculated order-disorder transition lines depend weakly on d, as expected.

Michal Dziecielski; Krzysztof Lewandowski; Michal Banaszak

2014-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

150

Neutron Imaging of Advanced Engine Technologies  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

during a series of partial regenerations (9302012). - Achieved * Determine temporal and spatial resolution of neutron imaging with respect to fluid density and flow in fuel...

151

Neutron Imaging of Advanced Engine Technologies  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

diesel injector: Filled reservoir Void in reservoir 6 Milestones * Determine temporal and spatial resolution of neutron imaging with respect to fluid density and flow in fuel...

152

Baroclinic flow and the Lorenz-84 model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The bifurcation diagram of a truncation to six degrees of freedom of the equations for quasi-geostrophic, baroclinic flow is investigated. Period doubling cascades and Shil'nikov bifurcations lead to chaos in this model. The low dimension of the chaotic attractor suggests the possibility to reduce the model to three degrees of freedom. In a physically comprehensible limit of the parameters this reduction is done explicitly. The bifurcation diagram of the reduced model in this limit is compared to the diagram of the six degrees of freedom model and agrees well. A numerical implementation of the graph transform is used to approximate the three dimensional invariant manifold away from the limit case. If the six dimensional model is reduced to a linearisation of the invariant manifold about the Hadley state, the Lorenz-84 model is found. Its parameters can then be calculated from the physical parameters of the quasi-geostrophic model. Bifurcation diagrams at physical and traditional parameter values are compared and routes to chaos in the Lorenz-84 model are described.

Lennaert van Veen

2001-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

153

Sedimentation stacking diagram of binary colloidal mixtures and bulk phases in the plane of chemical potentials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give a full account of a recently proposed theory that explicitly relates the bulk phase diagram of a binary colloidal mixture to its phase stacking phenomenology under gravity [Soft Matter 9, 8636 (2013)]. As we demonstrate, the full set of possible phase stacking sequences in sedimentation-diffusion equilibrium originates from straight lines (sedimentation paths) in the chemical potential representation of the bulk phase diagram. From the analysis of various standard topologies of bulk phase diagrams, we conclude that the corresponding sedimentation stacking diagrams can be very rich, even more so when finite sample height is taken into account. We apply the theory to obtain the stacking diagram of a mixture of nonadsorbing polymers and colloids. We also present a catalog of generic phase diagrams in the plane of chemical potentials in order to facilitate the practical application of our concept, which also generalizes to multi component mixtures.

Daniel de las Heras; Matthias Schmidt

2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

154

Recursion relations for two-loop self-energy diagrams on-shell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A set of recurrence relations for on-shell two-loop self-energy diagrams with one mass is presented, which allows to reduce the diagrams with arbitrary indices (powers of scalar propagators) to a set of the master integrals. The SHELL2 package is used for the calculation of special types of diagrams. A method of calculation of higher order \\epsilon-expansion of master integrals is demonstrated.

J. Fleischer; M. Yu. Kalmykov; A. V. Kotikov

1999-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

155

FORCulator: a micromagnetic tool for simulating first-order reversal curve diagrams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

parameters [Dunlop, 2002a, 2002b] can often lead to an ambiguous or misleading assessment of a rockís magnetic mineralogy. FORC diagrams, on the other hand, offer the possibility of unambiguous domain-state fingerprinting, extraction of domain... to geometry-specific signatures in FORC diagrams that inform our understanding of the underlying magnetic mineralogy. 2. FORC Simulation Approaches: Pros and Cons Several methods for simulating FORC diagrams have been successfully employed in the past. Here we...

Harrison, Richard J.

2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

156

Lattice dynamics and phase diagram of aluminum at high temperatures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dispersion of phonons in the fcc, hcp, and bcc phases of aluminum is calculated at ultrahigh pressures by the method of small displacements in a supercell. The stability of the phonon subsystem is studied. The thermodynamic characteristics are calculated in the quasi-harmonic approximation, and a phase diagram of aluminum is plotted. As compared to the Debye model, the use of a phonon spectrum calculated in the quasi-harmonic approximation significantly broadens the hcp phase field and strongly shifts the phase boundary between the fcc and bcc phases. The normal isentrope is calculated at megabar pressures. It is shown to intersect the fcc-hcp and hcp-bcc phase boundaries. The sound velocity along the normal isentrope is calculated. It is shown to have a nonmonotonic character.

Kudasov, Yu. B., E-mail: yu_kudasov@yahoo.com; Surdin, O. M.; Korshunov, A. S.; Pavlov, V. N. [National Research Nuclear University 'MEPhI,', Sarov State Institute of Physics and Technology (Russian Federation)] [National Research Nuclear University 'MEPhI,', Sarov State Institute of Physics and Technology (Russian Federation); Frolova, N. V.; Kuzin, R. S. [Russian Federal Nuclear Center-All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental Physics (Russian Federation)] [Russian Federal Nuclear Center-All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental Physics (Russian Federation)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

157

This is a diagram of a single nanowire piezoelectricity. (Image courtesy Horacio Espinosa)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

News Visteon to Showcase Automotive Innovations at International CES SDC Materials Begins Field Trials Atlanta Falcons and Ovie Mughelli to Promote Aluminum Can Recycling

Espinosa, Horacio D.

158

Net-proton measurements at RHIC and the QCD phase diagram  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two measurements related to the proton and anti-proton production near midrapidity in center of mass energies of 7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, 39, 62.4 and 200 GeV Au+Au collisions using the STAR detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) are discussed. At intermediate impact parameters the slope parameter of the directed flow versus rapidity (dv1/dy) for the net-protons shows a non-monotonic variation as a function of the beam energy. This non-monotonic variation is characterized by the presence of a minimum in dv1/dy between 11.5 and 19.6 GeV and a change in the sign of dv1/dy twice between 7.7 and 39 GeV. At small impact parameters the product of the moments of net-proton distribution, kurtosis x variance and skewness x standard deviation are observed to be significantly below the corresponding measurements at large impact parameter collisions for 19.6 and 27 GeV. The kurtosis x variance and skewness x standard deviation at these beam energies deviate from the expectations from Poisson statistics and that from a Hadron Resonance Gas model. Both these measurements have implications towards the understanding of the QCD phase structures, the first order phase transition and the critical point in the high baryonic chemical potential region of the phase diagram.

Bedangadas Mohanty

2014-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

159

Two liquid states of matter: A new dynamic line on a phase diagram  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is generally agreed that the supercritical region of a liquid consists of one single state (supercritical fluid). On the other hand, we show here that liquids in this region exist in two qualitatively different states: "rigid" and "non-rigid" liquid. Rigid to non-rigid transition corresponds to the condition {\\tau} ~ {\\tau}0, where {\\tau} is liquid relaxation time and {\\tau}0 is the minimal period of transverse waves. This condition defines a new dynamic line on the phase diagram, and corresponds to the loss of shear stiffness of a liquid at all available frequencies, and consequently to the qualitative change of many important liquid properties. We analyze the dynamic line theoretically as well as in real and model liquids, and show that the transition corresponds to the disappearance of high-frequency sound, qualitative changes of diffusion and viscous flow increase of particle thermal speed to half of the speed of sound and reduction of the constant volume specific heat to 2kB per particle. In contrast ...

Brazhkin, V V; Lyapin, A G; Ryzhov, V N; Trachenko, Kostya

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Two liquid states of matter: A new dynamic line on a phase diagram  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is generally agreed that the supercritical region of a liquid consists of one single state (supercritical fluid). On the other hand, we show here that liquids in this region exist in two qualitatively different states: "rigid" and "non-rigid" liquid. Rigid to non-rigid transition corresponds to the condition {\\tau} ~ {\\tau}0, where {\\tau}is liquid relaxation time and {\\tau}0 is the minimal period of transverse quasi-harmonic waves. This condition defines a new dynamic line on the phase diagram, and corresponds to the loss of shear stiffness of a liquid at all available frequencies, and consequently to the qualitative change of many important liquid properties. We analyze the dynamic line theoretically as well as in real and model liquids, and show that the transition corresponds to the disappearance of high-frequency sound, qualitative changes of diffusion and viscous flow, increase of particle thermal speed to half of the speed of sound and reduction of the constant volume specific heat to 2kB per particle. In contrast to the Widom line that exists near the critical point only, the new dynamic line is universal: it separates two liquid states at arbitrarily high pressure and temperature, and exists in systems where liquid - gas transition and the critical point are absent overall.

V. V. Brazhkin; Yu. D. Fomin; A. G. Lyapin; V. N. Ryzhov; Kostya Trachenko

2011-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow diagram image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Flow chamber  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A flow chamber having a vacuum chamber and a specimen chamber. The specimen chamber may have an opening through which a fluid may be introduced and an opening through which the fluid may exit. The vacuum chamber may have an opening through which contents of the vacuum chamber may be evacuated. A portion of the flow chamber may be flexible, and a vacuum may be used to hold the components of the flow chamber together.

Morozov, Victor (Manassas, VA)

2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

162

Ring diagram analysis of the characteristics of solar oscillation modes in active regions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The presence of intense magnetic fields in and around sunspots is expected to modify the solar structure and oscillation frequencies. Applying the ring diagram technique to data from the Michelson Doppler Imager (MDI) on board the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), we analyze the characteristics of high-degree f and p modes near active regions and compare them with the characteristics of the modes in quiet regions. As expected from earlier results, the f- and p-mode frequencies of high degree modes are found to be significantly larger in magnetically active regions. In addition, we find that the power in both f and p modes is lower in active regions, while the widths of the peaks are larger, indicating smaller lifetimes. We also find that the oscillation modes are more asymmetric in active regions than those in quiet regions, indicating that modes in active regions are excited closer to the surface. While the increase in mode frequency is monotonic in frequency, all other characteristics show more complex frequency dependences.

S. P. Rajaguru; Sarbani Basu; H. M. Antia

2001-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

163

Monitoring and Modeling Fluid Flow in a Developing EGS Reservoir...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

More Documents & Publications Imaging, Characterizing, and Modeling of Fracture Networks and Fluid Flow in EGS Reservoirs Detection and Characterization of Natural...

164

Use of Geophysical Techniques to Characterize Fluid Flow in a...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to Geothermal Prospecting Joint inversion of electrical and seismic data for Fracture char. and Imaging of Fluid Flow in Geothermal Systems Use of Geophysical Techniques...

165

International Symposium on Voronoi Diagrams in Science and Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; Computer modeling and simulation; Spatial and temporal statistics; Image processing, bioinformatics, geography, chemistry, material science, renewable energy, location science) and the Rutgers University Computer Science Department, with funding provided by the US

166

Carbon-and Oxygen Stars in the IRAS Two-Color-Diagram  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon- and Oxygen Stars in the IRAS Two-Color-Diagram: Results from Hydrodynamical Models of AGB and can explain the existence of detached dust shells. We present the resulting \\loops" in the IRAS two-color-diagram for di#11;erent assumptions concerning the composition (amorphous carbon, graphite, astro- nomical

167

The Complexity of Geodesic Voronoi Diagrams on Triangulated 2-Manifold Surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Complexity of Geodesic Voronoi Diagrams on Triangulated 2-Manifold Surfaces Yong-Jin Liu1 , Kai 2-manifold surface, based on the geodesic metric. Given a triangulated 2-manifold T of n faces T, the Voronoi diagram of a set of point sites based on the geodesic metric (called below geodesic

Tang, Kai

168

Learning Qualitative Relations in Physics with Law Encoding Diagrams Peter C-H. Cheng  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Learning Qualitative Relations in Physics with Law Encoding Diagrams Peter C-H. Cheng ESRC Centre that evaluates the effectiveness of Law Encoding Diagrams (LEDs) for learning qualitative relations in the domain of elastic colli- sions in physics. A LED is a representation that captures the laws or important relations

Cheng, Peter

169

NETWORKS OF LAW ENCODING DIAGRAMS FOR UNDERSTANDING Peter C-H. Cheng  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NETWORKS OF LAW ENCODING DIAGRAMS FOR UNDERSTANDING SCIENCE. Peter C-H. Cheng ESRC Centre learning environments based on LEDs are considered. Cheng, P. C.-H. (1999). Networks of Law Encoding Diagrams for understanding science. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 14(2), 167-184. #12;P. C-H

Cheng, Peter

170

Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Flows in Expanding Channels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present an experimental realization of the classical Jeffery-Hamel flows inside a wedge-shaped channel. We compare the measured velocity fields with the predictions of Jeffery-Hamel theory. A detailed experimental study of bifurcation diagrams for the solutions reveals the absolute stability of the pure outflow solution and an interesting hysteretic structure for bifurcations. We also observe a multiple vortex flow regime predicted earlier numerically and analytically. Experimental studies of the stability of the flow to perturbations at the channel exit are also conducted.

Vorobieff, Peter; Putkaradze, Vakhtang

2008-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

171

Circle diagram approach for self excited induction generators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When an induction generator is connected to a utility line supply, the voltage and frequency at the terminal output are the same as the voltage and frequency of the utility line supply to which the generator is connected. The reactive power needed by the induction generator is supplied by the utility and the real power is returned to the utility. With a fixed frequency dictated by the utility, the induction machine starts generating above the synchronous speed. The range of speed is also limited by the slip. At a very high slip, the copper losses increases as the current increases. On the other hand, in an isolated operation, the induction generator operates in self-excitation mode. It determines its own voltage and frequency. These two quantities depend on the size of the AC capacitor, the induction machine parameters, the electrical load, and the speed of the generator. The operating speed of the induction generator is extended without generating excessive loss. This paper presents an analytical study by utilizing a circle diagram to illustrate the operation of the induction generator in isolated operation. The steady-state calculations are presented to support the analysis. Possible applications for the system in variable-speed generation are currently under investigation. The output can be directly connected to equipment that is non-sensitive to the frequency (a heater, battery charger, etc.) or can be connected to a converter to get a fixed-frequency AC output.

Muljadi, E.; Carlin, P.W.; Osgood, R.M.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

The AGN Hubble Diagram and Its Implications for Cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use a recently proposed luminosity distance measure for relatively nearby active galactic nuclei (AGNs) to test the predicted expansion of the Universe in the R_h=ct and LCDM cosmologies. This comparative study is particularly relevant to the question of whether or not the Universe underwent a transition from decelerated to accelerated expansion, which is believed to have occurred---on the basis of Type Ia SN studies---within the redshift range (0 < z < 1.3) that will eventually be sampled by these objects. We find that the AGN Hubble Diagram constructed from currently available sources does not support the existence of such a transition. While the scatter in the AGN data is still too large for any firm conclusions to be drawn, the results reported here nonetheless confirm and strengthen similar results of comparative analyses using other types of source, such as cosmic chronometers and gamma ray bursts. We show that the Akaike, Kullback, and Bayes Information Criteria all consistently yield a likelihood of ~74-93% that R_h=ct is closer to the "true" cosmology than LCDM is.

Fulvio Melia

2014-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

173

The AGN Hubble Diagram and Its Implications for Cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use a recently proposed luminosity distance measure for relatively nearby active galactic nuclei (AGNs) to test the predicted expansion of the Universe in the R_h=ct and LCDM cosmologies. This comparative study is particularly relevant to the question of whether or not the Universe underwent a transition from decelerated to accelerated expansion, which is believed to have occurred---on the basis of Type Ia SN studies---within the redshift range (0 < z < 1.3) that will eventually be sampled by these objects. We find that the AGN Hubble Diagram constructed from currently available sources does not support the existence of such a transition. While the scatter in the AGN data is still too large for any firm conclusions to be drawn, the results reported here nonetheless confirm and strengthen similar results of comparative analyses using other types of source, such as cosmic chronometers and gamma ray bursts. We show that the Akaike, Kullback, and Bayes Information Criteria all consistently yield a likeli...

Melia, Fulvio

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Technology Logic Diagram. Indexes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Decontamination and Decommissioning (D&D) Index provides a comprehensive list of site problems, problem area/constituents, remedial technologies, and regulatory terms discussed in the D&D sections of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Technology Logic Diagram. All entries provide specific page numbers, or cross-reference entries that provide specific page numbers, in the D&D volumes (Vol. 1, Pt. A; Vol. 2, Pt. A; and appropriate parts of Vol. 3). The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Technology (TLD) was developed to provide a decision-support tool that relates environmental restoration (ER) and waste management (WM) problems at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. The TLD identifies the research, development, demonstration, testing, and evaluation needed to develop these technologies to a state that allows technology transfer and application to decontamination and decommissioning (D&D), remedial action (RA) and WM activities. It is essential that follow-on engineering studies be conducted to build on the output of this project. These studies will begin by selecting the most promising technologies identified in the TLD and finding an optimum mix of technologies that will provide a socially acceptable balance between cost and risk.

Not Available

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Equation of state and phase diagram of FeO  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wuestite, Fe{sub 1-x}O, is an important component in the mineralogy of Earth's lower mantle and may also be a component in the core. Therefore the high pressure, high temperature behavior of FeO, including its phase diagram and equation of state, is essential knowledge for understanding the properties and evolution of Earth's deep interior. We performed X-ray diffraction measurements using a laser-heated diamond anvil cell to achieve simultaneous high pressures and temperatures. Wuestite was mixed with iron metal, which served as our pressure standard, under the assumption that negligible oxygen dissolved into the iron. Our data show a positive slope for the subsolidus phase boundary between the B1 and B8 structures, indicating that the B1 phase is stable at the P-T conditions of the lower mantle and core. We have determined the thermal equation of state of B1 FeO to 156 GPa and 3100 K, finding an isothermal bulk modulus K{sub 0} = 149.4 {+-} 1.0 GPa and its pressure derivative K'{sub 0} = 3.60 {+-} 0.4. This implies that 7.7 {+-} 1.1 wt.% oxygen is required in the outer core to match the seismologically-determined density, under the simplifying assumption of a purely Fe-O outer core.

Fischer, Rebecca A.; Campbell, Andrew J.; Shofner, Gregory A.; Lord, Oliver T.; Dera, Przemyslaw; Prakapenka, Vitali B. (Bristol); (Maryland); (UC)

2012-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

176

Odd q-state clock spin-glass models in three dimensions, asymmetric phase diagrams, and multiple algebraically ordered phases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distinctive orderings and phase diagram structures are found, from renormalization-group theory, for odd q-state clock spin-glass models in d = 3 dimensions. These models exhibit asymmetric phase diagrams, as is also the ...

Ilker, Efe

177

Cooling Flows or Heating Flows?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is now clear that AGN heat cooling flows, largely by driving winds. The winds may contain a relativistic component that generates powerful synchrotron radiation, but it is not clear that all winds do so. The spatial and temporal stability of the AGN/cooling flow interaction are discussed. Collimation of the winds probably provides spatial stability. Temporal stability may be possible only for black holes with masses above a critical value. Both the failure of cooling flows to have adiabatic cores and the existence of X-ray cavities confirm the importance of collimated outflows. I quantify the scale of the convective flow that the AGN Hydra would need to drive if it balanced radiative inward flow by outward flow parallel to the jets. At least in Virgo any such flow must be confined to r<~20 kpc. Hydrodynamical simulations suggest that AGN outbursts cannot last longer than ~25 Myr. Data for four clusters with well studied X-ray cavities suggests that heating associated with cavity formation approximately balances radiative cooling. The role of cosmic infall and the mechanism of filament formation are briefly touched on.

James Binney

2003-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

178

2014 APSECA Safe Programming Guidance of Function Block Diagram for Reactor Protection Systems Dong-Ah Lee*, Junbeom Yoo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diagram for Reactor Protection Systems (1/5) Execution control except EN and ENO signals · Boolean "EN2014 APSECA Safe Programming Guidance of Function Block Diagram for Reactor Protection Systems Dong for the Use of Function Block Diagram in Reactor Protection Systems #12;2014 APSECA Safe Programming Guidance

179

2012 DeKalb Title 1 Mathematics Summit Tape Diagrams and Double Number Lines: Visual Tools for Thinking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Thinking Tad Watanabe twatanab@kennesaw.edu Double Number Line Diagram Problem 1 There are 4 apples on each Tad Watanabe twatanab@kennesaw.edu Practice 2 - Draw a double number line diagram for the following Mathematics Summit Tape Diagrams and Double Number Lines: Visual Tools for Thinking Tad Watanabe twatanab

Watanabe, Tad

180

1 of 3 + 1 page diagram Process Engineering Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-state condenser the condensation of part of a gas mixture is taking place at TR = 367¬įC, giving a pressure drop from p1 = 5 bar to p2 = 4 bar. Heat Q = 800 kW at T = TR is removed using steam at 5 bar, using kg/s; Mgas = 50 g/mol. a. Calculate the mass flow s of the steam (kg/s) and the exergy losses (k

Zevenhoven, Ron

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow diagram image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

E-Print Network 3.0 - ag-cu-in phase diagram Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 61 BNL-65388-AB PROPERTIES OF AMMONIATED SULFATE AEROSOLS AT LOW TEMPERATURES Summary: and 2 illustrate the phase diagrams in...

182

Efficient Analysis of ComplexDiagrams using Constraint-BasedParsing'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The system is probably thefirst to demonstrate eficient diagramparsing using grammars that easily complex diagrams. Our approach is * Work supported in part by grant from the Department of Energy, Award

Futrelle, Robert P.

183

Tensor renormalization group: Local magnetizations, correlation functions, and phase diagrams of systems with quenched randomness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The tensor renormalization-group method, developed by Levin and Nave, brings systematic improvability to the position-space renormalization-group method and yields essentially exact results for phase diagrams and entire ...

Guven, Can

184

Construction of a Penrose Diagram for a Spatially Coherent Evaporating Black Hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Penrose diagram is constructed for an example black hole that evaporates at a steady rate as measured by a distant observer, until the mass vanishes, yielding a final state Minkowski space-time. Coordinate dependencies of significant features, such as the horizon and coordinate anomalies, are clearly demonstrated on the diagram. The large-scale causal structure of the space-time is briefly discussed.

Beth A. Brown; James Lindesay

2007-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

185

Universal flow-density relation of single-file bicycle, pedestrian and car motion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The relation between flow and density, also known as the fundamental diagram, is an essential quantitative characteristic to describe the efficiency of traffic systems. We have performed experiments with single-file motion of bicycles and compare the results with previous studies for car and pedestrian motion in similar setups. In the space-time diagrams we observe three different states of motion (free flow state, jammed state and stop-and-go waves) in all these systems. Despite of their obvious differences they are described by a universal fundamental diagram after proper rescaling of space and time which takes into account the size and free velocity of the three kinds of agents. This indicates that the similarities between the systems go deeper than expected.

Zhang, Jun; Holl, Stefan; Boltes, Maik; Andresen, Erik; Schadschneider, Andreas; Seyfried, Armin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Test Images  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Test Images. I hope to have a set of test images for the course soon. Some images are available now; some will have to wait until I can find another 100-200

187

Flow cytometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A Faraday cage is described which encloses the flow chamber of a cytometer. Ground planes associated with each field deflection plate inhibit electric fields from varying the charge on designated events/droplets and further concentrates. They also increase forces applied to a passing charged event for accurate focus while concomitantly inhibiting a potential shock hazard. 4 figs.

Van den Engh, G.

1995-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

188

Image Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Recognition Image Analysis and Recognition Snapshot1498121slicesqResedison Fibers permeating imaged material (Courtesy: Bale, Loring, Perciano and Ushizima) Imagery coming from...

189

Microfluidic Flow-Flash: Method for Investigating Protein Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microfluidic Flow-Flash: Method for Investigating Protein Dynamics Michael W. Toepke, Scott H Institute, Troy, New York 12180 We report a new method, microfluidic flow-flash, for measuring protein reaction kinetics. The method couples a microscope imaging detection system with a microfluidic flow cell

Kenis, Paul J. A.

190

Imaging, Characterizing, and Modeling of Fracture Networks and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Imaging, Characterizing, and Modeling of Fracture Networks and Fluid Flow in EGS Reservoirs Lianjie Huang Los Alamos National Lab Seismicity and Reservoir Fracture Characterization...

191

hal-00163353,version2-23Jul2007 Subcritical dynamo bifurcation in the Taylor Green flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hal-00163353,version2-23Jul2007 Subcritical dynamo bifurcation in the Taylor Green flow Y. Ponty1 is subcritical, and show its bifurcation diagram. We connect the associated hysteretic behavior) and study if the transition is supercritical or subcritical [8]. In most models and in all experiments

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

192

SFTEL: Flow Cell | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Flow Cell EMSL's Subsurface Flow and Transport Experimental Laboratory offers several meter-scale flow cells and columns for research in saturated and unsaturated porous media....

193

128 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MEDICAL IMAGING, VOL. 25, NO. 1, JANUARY 2006 Unwrapping of MR Phase Images Using a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

128 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MEDICAL IMAGING, VOL. 25, NO. 1, JANUARY 2006 Unwrapping of MR Phase of blood flow [1], [2]. Extracting the phase image from its measured complex MR image is nontrivial because, phase unwrapping. I. INTRODUCTION A. Background Magnetic resonance (MR) phase images often contain

Koetter, Ralf

194

Liquid-solid phase diagrams of binary carbonates for lithium batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors present the liquid-solid phase diagrams that they mapped with a differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) for the following seven binary carbonates: dimethyl carbonate (DMC)-ethylene carbonate (EC), ethyl methyl carbonate (EMC)-EC, EMC-propylene carbonate (PC), EMC-dimethyl ethylene carbonate (DMEC), EMC-isobutylene carbonate (iBC), PC-EC, and EMC-DMC. Many of these are among the most frequently used solvent systems for making the nonaqueous electrolytes for lithium batteries. The phase diagrams of these carbonate systems are all of the simple eutectic type but with vastly different particular features. Comparison of these phase diagrams shows that to expand the liquid region of a carbonate system toward low temperature, the two components of the system need to have comparable melting temperatures and compatible molecular structures. These results are consistent with thermodynamic considerations and have significant practical implications.

Ding, M.S.; Xu, K.; Jow, T.R.

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

The lattice QCD phase diagram in and away from the strong coupling limit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study lattice QCD with four flavors of staggered quarks. In the limit of infinite gauge coupling, "dual" variables can be introduced, which render the finite-density sign problem mild and allow a full determination of the $\\mu-T$ phase diagram by Monte Carlo simulations, also in the chiral limit. However, the continuum limit coincides with the weak coupling limit. We propose a strong-coupling expansion approach towards the continuum limit. We show first results, including the phase diagram and its chiral critical point, from this expansion truncated to next-to-leading order.

Philippe de Forcrand; Jens Langelage; Owe Philipsen; Wolfgang Unger

2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

196

A microfluidic device based on droplet storage for screening solubility diagrams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work describes a new microfluidic device developed for rapid screening of solubility diagrams. In several parallel channels, hundreds of nanoliter-volume droplets of a given solution are first stored with a gradual variation in the solute concentration. Then, the application of a temperature gradient along these channels enables us to read directly and quantitatively phase diagrams, concentration vs. temperature. We show, using a solution of adipic acid, that we can measure ten points of the solubility curve in less than 1 hr and with only 250 $\\mu$L of solution.

P. Laval; N. Lisai; J. -B. Salmon; M. Joanicot

2007-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

197

Fluid breakup during simultaneous two-phase flow through a three-dimensional porous medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use confocal microscopy to directly visualize the simultaneous flow of both a wetting and a non-wetting fluid through a model three-dimensional (3D) porous medium. We find that, for small flow rates, both fluids flow through unchanging, distinct, connected 3D pathways; in stark contrast, at sufficiently large flow rates, the non-wetting fluid is broken up into discrete ganglia. By performing experiments over a range of flow rates, using fluids of different viscosities, and with porous media having different geometries, we show that this transition can be characterized by a state diagram that depends on the capillary numbers of both fluids, suggesting that it is controlled by the competition between the viscous forces exerted on the flowing oil and the capillary forces at the pore scale. Our results thus help elucidate the diverse range of behaviors that arise in two-phase flow through a 3D porous medium.

Sujit S. Datta; Jean-Baptiste Dupin; David A. Weitz

2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

198

Neutron tomography of axisymmetric flow fields in porous media A.J. Gilbert, M.R. Deinert  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutron tomography of axisymmetric flow fields in porous media A.J. Gilbert, M.R. Deinert February 2013 Keywords: Preferential flow Wetting front Neutron radiography Image analysis Fingered flow axisymmetric preferential flow fields using neutron radiography. Flow fields such as these are surprisingly

Deinert, Mark

199

People Images  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

People Images People Images Several hundred of the 1700 U.S. scientists contributing to the LHC accelerator and experiments gathered in June 2008 in CERN's building 40 CE0252 Joel...

200

BWeb Notes for Chapter 6: Equilibrium Diagrams The first two notes concern the stocks and flows in the rock cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are 40 ckm/yr. · Fig 6.4. The weathering of calcium phosphate minerals is 9 bkg/yr; ocean deposition is 2 comments in Fig. Andrew Ford BWeb for Modeling the Environment 1 #12;7.10 to name the feedback loops

Ford, Andrew

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow diagram image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Image alignment  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a method and device for aligning at least two digital images. An embodiment may use frequency-domain transforms of small tiles created from each image to identify substantially similar, "distinguishing" features within each of the images, and then align the images together based on the location of the distinguishing features. To accomplish this, an embodiment may create equal sized tile sub-images for each image. A "key" for each tile may be created by performing a frequency-domain transform calculation on each tile. A information-distance difference between each possible pair of tiles on each image may be calculated to identify distinguishing features. From analysis of the information-distance differences of the pairs of tiles, a subset of tiles with high discrimination metrics in relation to other tiles may be located for each image. The subset of distinguishing tiles for each image may then be compared to locate tiles with substantially similar keys and/or information-distance metrics to other tiles of other images. Once similar tiles are located for each image, the images may be aligned in relation to the identified similar tiles.

Dowell, Larry Jonathan

2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

202

Construction of the Magnetic Phase Diagram of FeMn/Ni/Cu(001) Using Photoemission Electron Microscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single crystalline FeMn/Ni bilayer was epitaxially grown on Cu(001) substrate and investigated by photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM). The FeMn and Ni films were grown into two cross wedges to facilitate an independent control of the FeMn (0-20 ML) and Ni (0-20 ML) film thicknesses. The Ni magnetic phases were determined by Ni domain images as a function of the Ni thickness (d{sub Ni}) and the FeMn thickness (d{sub FeMn}). The result shows that as the Ni thickness increases, the Ni film undergoes a paramagnetic-to-ferromagnetic state transition at a critical thickness of d{sub FM} and an in-plane to out-of-plane spin reorientation transition at a thicker thickness d{sub SRT}. The phase diagram shows that both d{sub FM} and d{sub SRT} increase as the FeMn film establishes its antiferromagnetic order.

Wu, J.; Scholl, A.; Arenholz, E.; Hwang, C.; Qiu, Z. Q.

2011-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

203

Use of Geophysical Techniques to Characterize Fluid Flow in a Geothermal Reservoir  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Project objectives: Joint inversion of geophysical data for ground water flow imaging; Reduced the cost in geothermal exploration and monitoring; & Combined passive and active geophysical methods.

204

THE USE OF TERNARY PHASE DIAGRAMS IN THE STUDY OF HIGH TEMPERATURE CORROSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE USE OF TERNARY PHASE DIAGRAMS IN THE STUDY OF HIGH TEMPERATURE CORROSION PRODUCTS FORMED ON Fe'' and resulting morphologies that may occur during formation of corrosion scales from high temperature gaseous the previously formed reaction products was found to produce internal corrosion phases within the alloy

DuPont, John N.

205

Numerical evaluation of one-loop diagrams near exceptional momentum configurations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One problem which plagues the numerical evaluation of one-loop Feynman diagrams using recursive integration by part relations is a numerical instability near exceptional momentum configurations. In this contribution we will discuss a generic solution to this problem. As an example we consider the case of forward light-by-light scattering.

Walter T Giele; Giulia Zanderighi; E.W.N. Glover

2004-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

206

Minimum Energy Consumption in Multicomponent Distillation. 1. Vmin Diagram for a Two-Product Column  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minimum Energy Consumption in Multicomponent Distillation. 1. Vmin Diagram for a Two-Product Column how the minimum energy consumption is related to the feed-component distribution for all possible operating points in a two-product distillation column with a multicomponent feed. The classical Underwood

Skogestad, Sigurd

207

H-G Diagram Based Rotor Parameters Identification for Induction Motors Thermal Monitoring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

H-G Diagram Based Rotor Parameters Identification for Induction Motors Thermal Monitoring Mohamed: In this paper, an effective on-line method for induction motor parameter identification, especially rotor for each operating point. Computer simulations and experimental tests, carried out for a 4-kW four

Brest, Université de

208

Phase diagram of non-local chiral quark models under compact star conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the properties of isospin asymmetric quark matter under compact stars constraints using a relativistic quark model with non local interactions in the mean field approximation. We consider a Gaussian regulator, and medium coupling ratio. We present the corresponding phase diagrams and discuss, in particular, the competition between chiral symmetry restoration and the various forms of two flavor color superconductivity.

Gomez Dumm, D. [IFLP, Dpto. de Fisica, U.N. La Plata, C.C. 67, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Grunfeld, A. G. [Lab. TANDAR, CNEA, Av.Libertador 8250, 1429 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Scoccola, N. N. [CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Lab. TANDAR, CNEA, Av.Libertador 8250, 1429 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Universidad Favaloro, Solis 453, 1078 Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2007-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

209

A String Diagram Calculus for Predicate Logic and C. S. Peirce's System Beta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A String Diagram Calculus for Predicate Logic and C. S. Peirce's System Beta Geraldine Brady, called Beta, is reformulated here in modern terms, using developments in cate- gorical logic with Peirce's system Beta, is shown to be sound and complete with respect to #12;rst-order logic. 1991 Math

Brady, Geraldine

210

Guidelines for the Use of Function Block Diagram in Reactor Protection Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) in reactor protection system (RPS) developed in the Korea Nuclear Instrumentation and Control System RGuidelines for the Use of Function Block Diagram in Reactor Protection Systems Dong-Ah Lee, Junbeom for programmable logic controllers (PLC) widely used in indus- try. The guidelines show that what cases cause

211

Stochastic, real-space, imaginary-time evaluation of third-order FeynmanĖGoldstone diagrams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new, alternative set of interpretation rules of FeynmanĖGoldstone diagrams for many-body perturbation theory is proposed, which translates diagrams into algebraic expressions suitable for direct Monte Carlo integrations. A vertex of a diagram is associated with a Coulomb interaction (rather than a two-electron integral) and an edge with the trace of a Green's function in real space and imaginary time. With these, 12 diagrams of third-order many-body perturbation (MP3) theory are converted into 20-dimensional integrals, which are then evaluated by a Monte Carlo method. It uses redundant walkers for convergence acceleration and a weight function for importance sampling in conjunction with the Metropolis algorithm. The resulting Monte Carlo MP3 method has low-rank polynomial size dependence of the operation cost, a negligible memory cost, and a naturally parallel computational kernel, while reproducing the correct correlation energies of small molecules within a few mE{sub h} after 10{sup 6} Monte Carlo steps.

Willow, Soohaeng Yoo [Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 600 South Mathews Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States) [Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 600 South Mathews Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Center for Superfunctional Materials, Department of Chemistry, Pohang University of Science and Technology, San 31, Hyojadong, Namgu, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Hirata, So, E-mail: sohirata@illinois.edu [Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 600 South Mathews Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States) [Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 600 South Mathews Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan)

2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

212

A new middle Holocene varve diagram from the river hgermanalven, northern Sweden: indications for a possible  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new middle Holocene varve diagram from the river hgermanalven, northern Sweden: indications of Sweden, Bos 670, S- 751 28 Ujipsulu, Sweden; Giiran Possnert, Tandem Luboruturl: Box 533. S-75121 Uppsalu Sweden: indications for a possible error in the Holocene varve The importance of annually laminated

Wohlfarth, Barbara

213

Fracture Animation Based on High-Dimensional Voronoi Diagrams Sara C. Schvartzman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fracture Animation Based on High-Dimensional Voronoi Diagrams Sara C. Schvartzman Stanford University Miguel A. Otaduy URJC Madrid Figure 1: Horses fractured by metal balls. These fractures emphasize be curved, and fracture patterns adapt to the impact and object properties. Abstract We propose a novel

Otaduy, Miguel A.

214

The Augmented State Diagram and its Application to Convolutional and Turbo Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The Augmented State Diagram and its Application to Convolutional and Turbo Codes Ioannis Abstract Convolutional block codes, which are commonly used as constituent codes in turbo code configu code. In the case of a turbo code, we can readily calculate an upper bound to its bit error rate

Cambridge, University of

215

Phase diagram of two-species Bose-Einstein condensates in an optical lattice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The exact macroscopic wave functions of two-species Bose-Einstein condensates in an optical lattice beyond the tight-binding approximation are studied by solving the coupled nonlinear Schrodinger equations. The phase diagram for superfluid and insulator phases of the condensates is determined analytically according to the macroscopic wave functions of the condensates, which are seen to be traveling matter waves.

G. -P. Zheng; J. -Q. Liang; W. M. Liu

2005-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

216

Hofstadter butterfly as Quantum phase diagram D. Osadchy and J. E. Avron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

phase, and characterize the set of multiple phase coexistence. Introduction.--- Azbel [1] recognized as a thesis problem, gained popularity with D. Hofstadter Ph.D. thesis [2], where a wonderful diagram magnetic shifts (U/)(n; m) = /(n \\Gamma 1; m) \\Gamma V (\\Phi)/ \\Delta (n; m) = e 2√?i n \\Phi /(n; m \\Gamma 1

217

Knowledge-based recognition of utility map sub-diagrams Simon J. Hickinbotham and Anthony G. Cohn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are represented as Figure 1. sub-diagrams in a typical utility map dotted lines on the map. The layout of cables to find visual objects in utility maps. The literature for extracting line primitives from raster mapsKnowledge-based recognition of utility map sub-diagrams Simon J. Hickinbotham and Anthony G. Cohn

Leeds, University of

218

Simulation of Eye-Diagrams on Lossy Transmission Lines using Extracted Data from 1-port TDR Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simulation of Eye-Diagrams on Lossy Transmission Lines using Extracted Data from 1-port TDR of transmission lines were measured from 1- port TDR measurements. Using the extracted data, eye- diagrams of lossy transmission lines were simulated based on a non-physical RLGC model. Conventional W element

Swaminathan, Madhavan

219

Low volume flow meter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The low flow monitor provides a means for determining if a fluid flow meets a minimum threshold level of flow. The low flow monitor operates with a minimum of intrusion by the flow detection device into the flow. The electrical portion of the monitor is externally located with respect to the fluid stream which allows for repairs to the monitor without disrupting the flow. The electronics provide for the adjustment of the threshold level to meet the required conditions. The apparatus can be modified to provide an upper limit to the flow monitor by providing for a parallel electronic circuit which provides for a bracketing of the desired flow rate.

Meixler, Lewis D. (East Windsor, NJ)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Zero gravity two-phase flow regime transition modeling compared with data and relap5-3d predictions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

7 Schematic of Vertical Flow Regime Map Used in RELAP5-3 (Ref 6).............16 Figure 8: Parabola Diagram (Ref 11)...............................................................................24 Figure 9: Huckerby/Rezkallah ID=9.525mm......................................................................27 Figure 10: Zhao and Rezkallah ID =9.525mm.................................................................31 Figure 11: Dukler ID=12.7 mm........................................................................................33 Figure 12...

Ghrist, Melissa Renee

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow diagram image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

NMRI methods for characterizing fluid flow in porous media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the measurement and the prediction of flow permeability in rocks. We have investigated the application of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging to velocity measurement. A stimulated echo pulse field gradient approach was proposed to measure the localized velocity...

Yao, Xiaoli

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Global helioseismic evidence for a deeply penetrating Solar meridional flow consisting of multiple flow cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use a novel global helioseismic analysis method to infer the meridional flow in the deep Solar interior. The method is based on the perturbation of eigenfunctions of Solar p modes due to meridional flow. We apply this method to time series obtained from Dopplergrams measured by the Michelson Doppler Imager aboard the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) covering the observation period 2004-2010. Our results show evidence that the meridional flow reaches down to the base of the convection zone. The flow profile has a complex spatial structure consisting of multiple flow cells distributed in depth and latitude. Toward the Solar surface, our results are in good agreement with flow measurements from local helioseismology.

Schad, A; Roth, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Propeller Flow Meter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Propeller flow meters are commonly used to measure water flow rate. They can also be used to estimate irrigation water use. This publication explains how to select, install, read and maintain propeller flow meters....

Enciso, Juan; Santistevan, Dean; Hla, Aung K.

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Dispersed flow film boiling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dispersed flow consists of small liquid droplets entrained in a flowing vapor. This flow regime can occur in cryogenic equipment, in steam generators, and during nuclear reactor loss of coolant accidents. A theoretical ...

Yoder, Graydon L.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Bacteria in shear flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bacteria are ubiquitous and play a critical role in many contexts. Their environment is nearly always dynamic due to the prevalence of fluid flow: creeping flow in soil, highly sheared flow in bodily conduits, and turbulent ...

Marcos, Ph.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Obtaining anisotropic velocity data for proper depth seismic imaging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper deals with the problem of obtaining anisotropic velocity data due to continuous acoustic impedance-based measurements while scanning in the axial direction along the walls of the borehole. Diagrams of full conductivity of the piezoceramic transducer were used to derive anisotropy parameters of the rock sample. The measurements are aimed to support accurate depth imaging of seismic data. Understanding these common anisotropy effects is important when interpreting data where it is present.

Egerev, Sergey; Yushin, Victor; Ovchinnikov, Oleg; Dubinsky, Vladimir; Patterson, Doug [Andreyev Acoustics Institute, Moscow, 117036 (Russian Federation); Baker Hughes, Inc, 2001 Rankin Road, Houston, TX, 77073 (United States)

2012-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

227

Computing Images  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computing Images The interior of an automated tape library in Brookhaven's RHIC and ATLAS Computing Facility. Brookhaven engineers in the RHIC and ATLAS Computing Facility....

228

Supporting Online Material High resolution electroluminescent imaging of pressure distribution using a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

modeling of basic mechanics and physics C: Devices fabrication process and hydrothermal growth of nanowires emitting intensity change with image acquisition and processing technologies. Figure S1 | Schematic diagram by hydrothermal methods. (Fig. S4) (3) Spacing is very important for the device, and there is an optimum spacing

Wang, Zhong L.

229

Multiphase flow calculation software  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Multiphase flow calculation software and computer-readable media carrying computer executable instructions for calculating liquid and gas phase mass flow rates of high void fraction multiphase flows. The multiphase flow calculation software employs various given, or experimentally determined, parameters in conjunction with a plurality of pressure differentials of a multiphase flow, preferably supplied by a differential pressure flowmeter or the like, to determine liquid and gas phase mass flow rates of the high void fraction multiphase flows. Embodiments of the multiphase flow calculation software are suitable for use in a variety of applications, including real-time management and control of an object system.

Fincke, James R. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2003-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

230

Flow Distances on Open Flow Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Open flow network is a weighted directed graph with a source and a sink, depicting flux distributions on networks in the steady state of an open flow system. Energetic food webs, economic input-output networks, and international trade networks, are open flow network models of energy flows between species, money or value flows between industrial sectors, and goods flows between countries, respectively. Flow distances (first-passage or total) between any given two nodes $i$ and $j$ are defined as the average number of transition steps of a random walker along the network from $i$ to $j$ under some conditions. They apparently deviate from the conventional random walk distance on a closed directed graph because they consider the openness of the flow network. Flow distances are explicitly expressed by underlying Markov matrix of a flow system in this paper. With this novel theoretical conception, we can visualize open flow networks, calculating centrality of each node, and clustering nodes into groups. We apply fl...

Guo, Liangzhu; Shi, Peiteng; Wang, Jun; Huang, Xiaohan; Zhang, Jiang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Computational Study of SulfurĖnickel Interactions: A New SĖNi Phase Diagram  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Prediction of the interactions between H2S-contaminated hydrogen fuel and Ni surfaces under conditions similar to those for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) operation using DFT (density function theory) calculations (with thermodynamic corrections) has resulted in a new SĖNi phase diagram, which suggests the existence of an intermediate state between clean Ni surfaces and nickel sulfides Ė sulfur atoms adsorbed on Ni surfaces. This prediction is consistent with many experimental observations relevant to sulfur poisoning of Nibased anodes in SOFCs, which cannot be explained using the existing SĖNi bulk phase diagram from classical thermodynamics. The accurate prediction of the adsorption phase is vital to a fundamental understanding of the sulfur poisoning mechanism of Ni-based anodes under SOFC operating conditions.

Wang, Jeng-Han; Liu, Meilin

2007-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

232

Phase diagram of spin-(1/2) bosons in a one-dimensional optical lattice  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Systems of two coupled bosonic species are studied using mean field theory and the quantum Monte Carlo method. The phase diagram is characterized on the basis of both the mobility of the particles (Mott insulating or superfluid) and whether or not the system is magnetic (different populations for the two species). The phase diagram is shown to be population balanced for negative spin-dependent interactions, regardless of whether it is insulating or superfluid. For positive spin-dependent interactions, the superfluid phase is always polarized, and the two populations are imbalanced. However, the Mott-insulating phase with even commensurate filling always has balanced populations. In contrast, the Mott phase with odd commensurate filling has balanced populations in a very strong interaction and polarizes as the interaction gets weaker while still in the Mott phase.

Forges de Parny, L. de; Traynard, M.; Hebert, F. [INLN, Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, 1361 Route des Lucioles, F-06560 Valbonne (France); Rousseau, V. G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 (United States); Scalettar, R. T. [Physics Department, University of California, Davis, Davis, California 95616 (United States); Batrouni, G. G. [INLN, Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, 1361 Route des Lucioles, F-06560 Valbonne (France); Centre for Quantum Technologies, National University of Singapore, 2 Science Drive 3, Singapore 117542 (Singapore)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

233

On the phase diagram and the singlet scalar channel in Yang-Mills-Higgs theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Yang-Mills-Higgs theory is quite a remarkable theory in that it shows very different behaviors without phase transitions. It is dominated by the Brout-Englert-Higgs mechanism in some domain of the phase diagram, while it is essentially QCD-like in another. It is expected that albeit there is no qualitative difference, there are substantially quantitative differences throughout the spectrum. This is investigated using lattice theory for the case of the scalar singlet channel for more than a hundred different points in the phase diagram. It is found that the results deviate partly substantially from the expectations in some cases, but in others justify the picture of a weakly interacting theory - even in cases of rather strong interactions at the ultraviolet cutoff.

Axel Maas; Tajdar Mufti

2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

234

Y-12 Plant decontamination and decommissioning Technology Logic Diagram for Building 9201-4: Volume 3, Technology evaluation data sheets: Part B, Decontamination; robotics/automation; waste management  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This volume consists of the Technology Logic Diagrams (TLDs) for the decontamination, robotics/automation, and waste management areas.

NONE

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

The phase diagram of three-flavor quark matter under compact star constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The phase diagram of three-flavor quark matter is investigated within a Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model under the condition that compact star constraints of beta-equilibrium and neutrality with respect to color and electric charges be fulfilled locally. In the plane of temperature and quark chemical potential the dynamically generated quark masses and diquark pairing gaps are determined selfconsistently as absolute minima of the thermodynamic potential with respect to a variation of these order parameters.

Blaschke, D; Grigorian, H; Sandin, F

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

New MS-Windows-Based Educational Software for Teaching the Sunpath Diagram and Shading Mask Protractor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mask 1 Degrees South Latitude. This combined le sunpath diagram and shading mask yrurr uuurjur u gertical surface facing 30 degrees east of south. FIGURE 7: Data Input Summaryfor the Partial Shading Device. The dimensions of the partial shading..., the shac similarly dimensioned device published in thc In Figure 7 and 8 the front shade is actually the has been rotated 90 degrees, re-sized and moved 1 directly below the horizontal shade. Architectural Graphics Standard is shown in Figure 9...

Oh, J. K. W.; Haberl, J. S.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Phase diagrams of F2 spinor Bose-Einstein condensates C. V. Ciobanu,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phase diagrams of F√?2 spinor Bose-Einstein condensates C. V. Ciobanu,1 S.-K. Yip,2,1 and Tin-Lun Ho; published 11 February 2000 We show that there are three possible phases for a spin-2 spinor Bose condensate the structure of a spin-2 spinor Bose condensate and that of a d-wave BCS superfluid. PACS number s : 03.75.Fi

Ciobanu, Cristian

238

Actes JFPC 2012 Compilation de CSP en Set-labeled Diagram  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Actes JFPC 2012 Compilation de CSP en Set-labeled Diagram Alexandre Niveau H¬īel`ene Fargier C parfois ^etre ex¬īecut¬īees en ligne et en temps limit¬īe. Dans ce cas, la r¬īesolution du CSP n'est pas assez¬īe- sente l'assignation d'une variable ; l'ensemble des solu- tions d'un CSP correspond `a l'ensemble des

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

239

Microfluidic Exploration of the Phase Diagram of a Surfactant/Water Binary System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the behaviour of a binary surfactant solution (AOT/water) as it is progressively concentrated in microfluidic evaporators. We observe in time a succession of phase transitions from a dilute solution up to a dense state, which eventually grows and invades the microchannels. Analyzing these observations, we show that, with a few experiments and a limited amount of material, our microdevices permit a semi-quantitative screening of the equilibrium phase diagram as well as a few kinetic observations.

Jacques Leng; Mathieu Joanicot; Armand Ajdari

2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

240

Bypass flow computations on the LOFA transient in a VHTR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bypass flow in the prismatic gas-cooled very high temperature reactor (VHTR) is not intentionally designed to occur, but is present in the gaps between graphite blocks. Previous studies of the bypass flow in the core indicated that the cooling provided by flow in the bypass gaps had a significant effect on temperature and flow distributions for normal operating conditions. However, the flow and heat transports in the core are changed significantly after a Loss of Flow Accident (LOFA). This study aims to study the effect and role of the bypass flow after a LOFA in terms of the temperature and flow distributions and for the heat transport out of the core by natural convection of the coolant for a 1/12 symmetric section of the active core which is composed of images and mirror images of two sub-region models. The two sub-region models, 9 x 1/12 and 15 x 1/12 symmetric sectors of the active core, are employed as the CFD flow models using computational grid systems of 70.2 million and 117 million nodes, respectively. It is concluded that the effect of bypass flow is significant for the initial conditions and the beginning of LOFA, but the bypass flow has little effect after a long period of time in the transient computation of natural circulation.

Yu-Hsin Tung [National Tsing Hua Univ., Hsinchu (Taiwan). Inst. of Nuclear Engineering and Science; Richard W. Johnson [Idaho National Laboratory (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Yuh-Ming Ferng [National Tsing Hua Univ., Hsinchu (Taiwan). Inst. of Nuclear Engineering and Science; Ching-Chang Chieng [City Univ. of Hong Kong, Kowloon (Hong Kong). Dept. of Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow diagram image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Pore-Level Examination of Gel Destruction During Oil Flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pore-Level Examination of Gel Destruction During Oil Flow R.S. Seright, SPE, New Mexico Petroleum-scale X-ray computed microtomography (XMT) images were obtained at a variety of oil (hexadecane(III)-acetate-hydrolyzed polyacrylamide (HPAM) gel]. For each pore in our image volume, we followed oil and water saturations

New York at Stoney Brook, State University of

242

Portable wastewater flow meter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A portable wastewater flow meter particularly adapted for temporary use at a single location in measuring the rate of liquid flow in a circular entrance conduit of a sewer manhole both under free flow and submerged, open channel conditions and under fill pipe, surcharged conditions, comprising an apparatus having a cylindrical external surface and an inner surface that constricts the flow through the apparatus in such a manner that a relationship exists between (1) the difference between the static pressure head of liquid flowing through the entrance of the apparatus and the static pressure head of liquid flowing through the constriction, and (2) the rate of liquid flow through the apparatus.

Hunter, Robert M. (320 S. Wilson Ave., Bozeman, MT 59715)

1999-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

243

Portable wastewater flow meter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A portable wastewater flow meter particularly adapted for temporary use at a single location in measuring the rate of liquid flow in a circular entrance conduit of a sewer manhole both under free flow and submerged, open channel conditions and under full pipe, surcharged conditions, comprising an apparatus having a cylindrical external surface and an inner surface that constricts the flow through the apparatus in such a manner that a relationship exists between (1) the difference between the static pressure head of liquid flowing through the entrance of the apparatus and the static pressure head of liquid flowing through the constriction, and (2) the rate of liquid flow through the apparatus.

Hunter, Robert M. (320 S. Wilson Ave., Bozeman, MT 59715)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Restframe I-band Hubble diagram for type Ia supernovae up to redshift z ~; 0.5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in STScI Symposium Ser. 13, Supernovae and gamma-ray bursts:Highlight: The Physics of Supernovae, ed. W. Hillebrandt &diagram for type Ia supernovae up to redshift z ? 0.5 ? S.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Lattice QCD study of four-quark components of the iso-singlet scalar mesons --- significance of disconnected diagrams ---  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the possible significance of four-quark states in the iso-singlet scalar mesons ($J^{PC}=0^{++}$, $I=0$) by performing two-flavor full lattice QCD simulations on an $8^3 \\times 16$ lattice using the improved gauge action and the clover-improved Wilson quark action. In particular, we evaluate the propagators of molecular and tetra-quark states together with singly disconnected diagrams. For the computation of the singly disconnected diagrams we employ the $Z_2$-noise method with the truncated eigenmode approach. We show that the quark loops given by the disconnected diagrams play an essential role in making the four-quark states exist. We find that the light iso-singlet scalar meson $\\sigma$ may be the molecular state. The main component of the propagator of the tetra-quark state originates from the singly disconnected diagrams.

Masayuki Wakayama; Teiji Kunihiro; Shin Muroya; Atsushi Nakamura; Chiho Nonaka; Motoo Sekiguchi; Hiroaki Wada

2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

246

Lattice QCD study of four-quark components of the iso-singlet scalar mesons --- significance of disconnected diagrams ---  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the possible significance of four-quark states in the iso-singlet scalar mesons ($J^{PC}=0^{++}$, $I=0$) by performing two-flavor full lattice QCD simulations on an $8^3 \\times 16$ lattice using the improved gauge action and the clover-improved Wilson quark action. In particular, we evaluate the propagators of molecular and tetra-quark states together with singly disconnected diagrams. For the computation of the singly disconnected diagrams we employ the $Z_2$-noise method with the truncated eigenmode approach. We show that the quark loops given by the disconnected diagrams play an essential role in making the four-quark states exist. We find that the light iso-singlet scalar meson $\\sigma$ may be the molecular state. The main component of the propagator of the tetra-quark state originates from the singly disconnected diagrams.

Wakayama, Masayuki; Muroya, Shin; Nakamura, Atsushi; Nonaka, Chiho; Sekiguchi, Motoo; Wada, Hiroaki

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

An evaluation of the neutron radiography facility at the Nuclear Science Center for dynamic imaging of two-phase hydrogenous fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Though both film and video radiographic image techniques are available in neutron radiography, radiographic cameras are commonly used to capture the dynamic flow patterns in a rapid sequence of images. These images may be useful to verify two...

Carlisle, Bruce Scott

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

248

THE GAMMA-RAY BURST HUBBLE DIAGRAM AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR COSMOLOGY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we continue to build support for the proposal to use gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) as standard candles in constructing the Hubble diagram at redshifts beyond the current reach of Type Ia supernova observations. We confirm that correlations among certain spectral and light-curve features can indeed be used as luminosity indicators, and demonstrate from the most up-to-date GRB sample appropriate for this work that the {Lambda}CDM model optimized with these data is characterized by parameter values consistent with those in the concordance model. Specifically, we find that ({Omega}{sub m},{Omega}{sub {Lambda}}){approx}(0.25{sub -0.06}{sup +0.05}, 0.75{sub -0.05}{sup +0.06}), which are consistent, to within 1{sigma}, with (0.29, 0.71) obtained from the 9 yr Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe data. We also carry out a comparative analysis between {Lambda}CDM and the R{sub h} = ct universe and find that the optimal {Lambda}CDM model fits the GRB Hubble diagram with a reduced {chi}{sup 2}{sub dof}{approx}2.26, whereas the fit using R{sub h} = ct results in a {chi}{sup 2}{sub dof}{approx}2.14. In both cases, about 20% of the events lie at least 2{sigma} away from the best-fit curves, suggesting that either some contamination by non-standard GRB luminosities is unavoidable or that the errors and intrinsic scatter associated with the data are being underestimated. With these optimized fits, we use three statistical tools-the Akaike information criterion, the Kullback information criterion, and the Bayes information criterion-to show that, based on the GRB Hubble diagram, the likelihood of R{sub h} = ct being closer to the correct model is {approx}85%-96%, compared to {approx}4%-15% for {Lambda}CDM.

Wei Junjie; Wu Xuefeng [Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China); Melia, Fulvio, E-mail: jjwei@pmo.ac.cn, E-mail: xfwu@pmo.ac.cn, E-mail: fmelia@email.arizona.edu [Department of Physics, Applied Math Program, and Department of Astronomy, University of Arizona, AZ 85721 (United States)

2013-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

249

$J/\\psi$ suppression at FAIR energy collisions and QCD phase diagram  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Survival probability for $J/\\psi$'s in FAIR energy collisions is studied in a QGP motivated threshold model. In the threshold model $J/\\psi$'s are assumed to dissociate beyond a threshold temperature $T_{J/\\psi}$. Model parameters are obtained by analysing experimental data in $\\snn$=17.4 and 200 GeV collisions. In low energy collisions, model is sensitive to the QCD phase diagram. The model predicts that $J/\\psi$'s are least suppressed in $\\sqrt{s}_{NN}\\approx$ 40 GeV collisions.

Chaudhuri, A K

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

QCD phase diagram using PNJL model with eight-quark interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the phase diagram and the fluctuations of different conserved charges like quark number, charge and strangeness at vanishing chemical potential for the 2+1 flavor Polyakov Loop extended Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model with eight-quark interaction terms using three-momentum cutoff regularisation. The main effect of the higher order interaction term is to shift the critical end point to the lower value of the chemical potential and higher value of the temperature. The fluctuations show good qualitative agreement with the lattice data.

Paramita Deb; Abhijit Bhattacharyya; Sanjay K. Ghosh; Rajarshi Ray; Anirban Lahiri

2011-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

251

A review of "The Cosmological Glass: Renaissance Diagrams of the Universe." by S. K. Heninger Jr.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the libraries of literary scholars of the early modern era and historians alike. S. K. Heninger, Jr. The Cosmological Glass: Renaissance Diagrams of the Universe. San Marino, CA: Huntington Library Press, 2005. 232 pp. + 154 illus. $21.95. Review by KATE..., in this reviewer?s experience, put paid to that idea. Now, after a quarter century, The Cosmographical Glass has 18 SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS been reprinted in paperback and still at a bargain price. Taking his title from William Cuningham?s 1559 treatise, Heninger...

Kate Gartner Frost

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

THE FUELING DIAGRAM: LINKING GALAXY MOLECULAR-TO-ATOMIC GAS RATIOS TO INTERACTIONS AND ACCRETION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To assess how external factors such as local interactions and fresh gas accretion influence the global interstellar medium of galaxies, we analyze the relationship between recent enhancements of central star formation and total molecular-to-atomic (H{sub 2}/H I) gas ratios, using a broad sample of field galaxies spanning early-to-late type morphologies, stellar masses of 10{sup 7.2}-10{sup 11.2} M{sub Sun }, and diverse stages of evolution. We find that galaxies occupy several loci in a ''fueling diagram'' that plots H{sub 2}/H I ratio versus mass-corrected blue-centeredness, a metric tracing the degree to which galaxies have bluer centers than the average galaxy at their stellar mass. Spiral galaxies of all stellar masses show a positive correlation between H{sub 2}/H I ratio and mass-corrected blue-centeredness. When combined with previous results linking mass-corrected blue-centeredness to external perturbations, this correlation suggests a systematic link between local galaxy interactions and molecular gas inflow/replenishment. Intriguingly, E/S0 galaxies show a more complex picture: some follow the same correlation, some are quenched, and a distinct population of blue-sequence E/S0 galaxies (with masses below key scales associated with transitions in gas richness) defines a separate loop in the fueling diagram. This population appears to be composed of low-mass merger remnants currently in late- or post-starburst states, in which the burst first consumes the H{sub 2} while the galaxy center keeps getting bluer, then exhausts the H{sub 2}, at which point the burst population reddens as it ages. Multiple lines of evidence suggest connected evolutionary sequences in the fueling diagram. In particular, tracking total gas-to-stellar mass ratios within the fueling diagram provides evidence of fresh gas accretion onto low-mass E/S0s emerging from their central starburst episodes. Drawing on a comprehensive literature search, we suggest that virtually all galaxies follow the same evolutionary patterns found in our broad sample.

Stark, David V.; Kannappan, Sheila J.; Eckert, Kathleen D. [Physics and Astronomy Department, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 (United States); Wei, Lisa H. [Atmospheric and Environmental Research, 131 Hartwell Avenue, Lexington, MA 02421 (United States); Baker, Andrew J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, 136 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States); Leroy, Adam K. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Vogel, Stuart N. [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States)

2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

253

New Educational Software for Teaching the Sunpath Diagram and Shading Mask Protractor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

representation of the movement of the sun across the sky's hemispherical vault for a given latitude. In the sunpath diagram the three-dimensional sky dome is flattened onto a two-dimensional circular chart where the sun's path becomes a series of elliptical... of these early sun graphs was their use as a concise graph that indicated the sunrise and sunset times throughout the year at a given latitude. In general, research concerning the plotting and analysis of shading devices peaked during the 1930 to 1960 time period...

Oh, J.; Haberl, J. S.

254

Ultrasonic flow metering system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for determining the density, flow velocity, and mass flow of a fluid comprising at least one sing-around circuit that determines the velocity of a signal in the fluid and that is correlatable to a database for the fluid. A system for determining flow velocity uses two of the inventive circuits with directional transmitters and receivers, one of which is set at an angle to the direction of flow that is different from the others.

Gomm, Tyler J. (Meridian, ID); Kraft, Nancy C. (Idaho Falls, ID); Mauseth, Jason A. (Pocatello, ID); Phelps, Larry D. (Pocatello, ID); Taylor, Steven C. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Elbow mass flow meter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Elbow mass flow meter. The present invention includes a combination of an elbow pressure drop generator and a shunt-type mass flow sensor for providing an output which gives the mass flow rate of a gas that is nearly independent of the density of the gas. For air, the output is also approximately independent of humidity.

McFarland, Andrew R. (College Station, TX); Rodgers, John C. (Santa Fe, NM); Ortiz, Carlos A. (Bryan, TX); Nelson, David C. (Santa Fe, NM)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Imaging, Characterizing, and Modeling of Fracture Networks and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Imaging, Characterizing, and Modeling of Fracture Networks and Fluid Flow in EGS Reservoirs; II: Full-Waveform Inversion of 3D-9C VSP data from Bradys EGS Site and Update of the...

257

Imaging, Characterizing, and Modeling of Fracture Networks and...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Office 2013 Peer Review I: Imaging, Characterizing, and Modeling of Fracture Networks and Fluid Flow in EGS Reservoirs; II: Full-Waveform Inversion of 3D-9C VSP data from Brady's...

258

Kolmogorov flow in two dimensional strongly coupled dusty plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Undriven, incompressible Kolmogorov flow in two dimensional doubly periodic strongly coupled dusty plasma is modelled using generalised hydrodynamics, both in linear and nonlinear regime. A complete stability diagram is obtained for low Reynolds numbers R and for a range of viscoelastic relaxation time ?{sub m} [0?flow becomes unstable. Importantly, it is found that R{sub c} is strongly reduced for increasing values of ?{sub m}. A critical ?{sub m}{sup c} is found above which Kolmogorov flow is unconditionally unstable and becomes independent of Reynolds number. For R?flow as function of Reynolds number R. A new parallelized nonlinear pseudo spectral code has been developed and is benchmarked against eigen values for Kolmogorov flow obtained from linear analysis. Nonlinear states obtained from the pseudo spectral code exhibit cyclicity and pattern formation in vorticity and viscoelastic oscillations in energy.

Gupta, Akanksha; Ganesh, R., E-mail: ganesh@ipr.res.in; Joy, Ashwin [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382 428 (India)

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

259

Y-12 Plant Remedial Action technology logic diagram. Volume I: Technology evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Y-12 Plant Remedial Action Program addresses remediation of the contaminated groundwater, surface water and soil in the following areas located on the Oak Ridge Reservation: Chestnut Ridge, Bear Creek Valley, the Upper and Lower East Fork Popular Creek Watersheds, CAPCA 1, which includes several areas in which remediation has been completed, and CAPCA 2, which includes dense nonaqueous phase liquid wells and a storage facility. There are many facilities within these areas that are contaminated by uranium, mercury, organics, and other materials. This Technology Logic Diagram identifies possible remediation technologies that can be applied to the soil, water, and contaminants for characterization, treatment, and waste management technology options are supplemented by identification of possible robotics or automation technologies. These would facilitate the cleanup effort by improving safety, of remediation, improving the final remediation product, or decreasing the remediation cost. The Technology Logic Diagram was prepared by a diverse group of more than 35 scientists and engineers from across the Oak Ridge Reservation. Most are specialists in the areas of their contributions. 22 refs., 25 tabs.

NONE

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Phase diagram of two-color quark matter at nonzero baryon and isospin density  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the properties of cold dense quark matter composed of two colors and two flavors of light quarks. In particular, we perform the first model calculation of the full phase diagram at nonzero baryon and isospin density, thus matching the model-independent predictions of chiral perturbation theory at low density to the conjectured phase structure at high density. We confirm the presence of the Fulde-Ferrell phase in the phase diagram and study its dependence on the tunable parameter in the Lagrangian that simulates the effects of the quantum axial anomaly. As a by-product, we clarify the calculation of the thermodynamic potential in the presence of the Fulde-Ferrell pairing, which was previously based on an ad hoc subtraction of an unphysical cutoff artifact. Furthermore, we argue that close to the diquark (or pion) Bose-Einstein condensation transition, the system behaves as a dilute Bose gas so that our simple fermionic model in the mean-field approximation is not quantitatively adequate. We suggest that including thermal fluctuations of the order parameter for Bose-Einstein condensation is crucial for understanding available lattice data.

Andersen, Jens O. [Department of Physics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Hoegskoleringen 5, N-7491 Trondheim (Norway); Brauner, Tomas [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Goethe-Universitaet, Max-von-Laue-Strasse 1, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow diagram image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Technology Logic Diagram. Volume 1, Technology Evaluation: Part A, Decontamination and Decommissioning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Strategic Roadmap for the Oak Ridge Reservation is a generalized planning document that identifies broad categories of issues that keep ORNL outside full compliance with the law and other legally binding agreements. Possible generic paths to compliance, issues, and the schedule for resolution of the issues one identified. The role of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Technology Logic Diagram (TLD) is then to identify specific site issues (problems), identify specific technologies that can be brought to bear on the issues, and assess the current status and readiness of these remediation technologies within the constraints of the schedule commitment. Regulatory requirements and commitments contained in the Strategic Roadmap for the Oak Ridge Reservation are also included in the TLD as constraints to the application of immature technological solutions. Some otherwise attractive technological solutions may not be employed because they may not be deployable on the schedule enumerated in the regulatory agreements. The roadmap for ORNL includes a list of 46 comprehensive logic diagrams for WM of low-level, radioactive-mixed, hazardous, sanitary and industrial. and TRU waste. The roadmapping process gives comparisons of the installation as it exists to the way the installation should exist under full compliance. The identification of the issues is the goal of roadmapping. This allows accurate and timely formulation of activities.

Not Available

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Morphology diagrams for A2B copolymer melts: real-space self-consistent field theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Morphology diagrams for A2B copolymer melts are constructed using real-space self-consistent field theory (SCFT). In particular, the effect of architectural asymmetry on the morphology diagram is studied. It is shown that asymmetry in the lengths of A arms in the A2B copolymer melts aids in the microphase separation. As a result, the disorder-order transition boundaries for the A2B copolymer melts are shown to shift downward in terms of N, and N being the Flory s chi parameter and the total number of the Kuhn segments,respectively, in comparison with the A2B copolymers containing symmetric A arms. Furthermore, perforated lamellar (PL) and a micelle-like (M) microphase segregated morphologies are found to compete with the classical morphologies namely, lamellar, cylinders, spheres and gyroid. The PL morphology is found to be stable for A2B copolymers containing asymmetric A arms and M is found to be metastable for the parameter range explored in this work.

Kumar, Rajeev [ORNL; Sides, Scott [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL; Li, Yige [ORNL; Sumpter, Bobby G [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Oak Ridge K-25 Site Technology Logic Diagram. Volume 1, Technology evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Oak Ridge K-25 Technology Logic Diagram (TLD), a decision support tool for the K-25 Site, was developed to provide a planning document that relates environmental restoration and waste management problems at the Oak Ridge K-25 Site to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. The TLD technique identifies the research necessary to develop these technologies to a state that allows for technology transfer and application to waste management, remedial action, and decontamination and decommissioning activities. The TLD consists of four separate volumes-Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3A, and Vol. 3B. This Volume, Volume 1 provides introductory and overview information about the TLD. Volume 2 contains logic diagrams. Volume 3 has been divided into two separate volumes to facilitate handling and use. This volume is divided into ten chapters. The first chapter is a brief introduction, and the second chapter details the technical approach of the TLD. These categories are the work activities necessary for successful decontamination and decommissioning, waste management, and remedial action of the K-25 Site. The categories are characterization, decontamination, dismantlement, robotics and automation, remedial action, and waste management. Materials disposition is addressed in Chap. 9. The final chapter contains regulatory compliance information concerning waste management, remedial action, and decontamination and decommissioning.

Fellows, R.L. [ed.

1993-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

264

Phase diagram and magnetic structure investigation of the fcc antiferromagnet HoB{sub 12}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have investigated the magnetic structure of the fcc antiferromagnet HoB{sub 12} by magnetization and specific heat measurements on small single crystals prepared from natural elements and by neutron diffraction on isotopically enriched powder samples. Magnetization measurements up to 9 T show up to three magnetic phases in the B vs T phase diagram, depending on the orientation of the applied field. The specific heat in zero field exhibits a very steep increase at T{sub N}=7.4 K, but its maximum is reached only at a lower temperature. In applied magnetic field up to 8 T additional {lambda}-like anomalies are observed which confirm the phase boundaries from the magnetization measurements. Powder neutron diffraction in zero magnetic field reveals an antiferromagnetic structure below T{sub N}. The basic reflections can be indexed with (1/2{+-}{delta} 1/2{+-}{delta} 1/2{+-}{delta}), where {delta}=0.035, pointing to an incommensurate magnetic structure. In a field below 2 T (in the lowest-field magnetic phase) the principal reflections remain; in a higher magnetic field they become suppressed. Moreover, the magnetic background strongly decreases with applied field. The analysis of results shows that an amplitude-modulated, incommensurate structure likely represents the magnetic order of HoB{sub 12}. The very complex phase diagram of this compound can arise from the interplay between the RKKY and dipole-dipole interaction and/or from frustration effects in the fcc-symmetry lattice.

Kohout, A.; Meissner, M.; Siemensmeyer, K. [Hahn Meitner Institut, Glienicker Str. 100, D-14109 Berlin (Germany); Batko, I.; Matas, S. [Hahn Meitner Institut, Glienicker Str. 100, D-14109 Berlin (Germany); Centre of Low Temperature Physics, Institute of Experimental Physics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, SK-04353 Kosice (Slovakia); Czopnik, A. [Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, PAS, PL-50950 Wroclaw (Poland); Flachbart, K. [Centre of Low Temperature Physics, Institute of Experimental Physics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, SK-04353 Kosice (Slovakia); Paderno, Y.; Shitsevalova, N. [Institute for Problems of Material Science, NASU, UA-252680 Kiev (Ukraine)

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Phase diagram of the CF{sub 4} monolayer and bilayer on graphite  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report an experimental study of physisorbed monolayers and bilayers of CF{sub 4} on graphite using infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy supplemented by ellipsometry. The symmetric CĖF stretch mode ?{sub 3} near 1283 cm{sup ?1} in the gas is strongly blue shifted in the film by dynamic dipole coupling. This blue shift provides a very sensitive measure of the inter-molecular spacing in the monolayer and, less directly, in the bilayer. We find that important corrections are necessary to the volumetric coverage scales used in previous heat capacity and x-ray diffraction studies of this system. This requires quantitative and some qualitative changes to the previously proposed phase diagram. We find evidence for a new phase transition in the middle of the hexagonal incommensurate region and construct new phase diagrams in both the variables coverage-temperature and chemical potential-temperature. We determine the compressibility and thermal expansion in the low-pressure hexagonal incommensurate phase and values for the entropy change in several phase transitions. Below about 55 K there is evidence of solution of up to 7% of an impurity, most likely CO, in our monolayer but not the bilayer film.

Thomas, Petros; Hess, George B., E-mail: gbh@virginia.edu [Physics Department, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 (United States)

2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

266

K-Shell Diagram and Hypersatellite Spectra of 4D Transition Elements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The K-shell diagram (K{alpha}{sub 1,2} and K{beta}{sub 1,3}) and hypersatellite (HS) (K{sup h}{alpha}{sub 1,2}) spectra of Y, Zr, Mo, and Pd have been measured with high energy-resolution using photoexcitation by 90 keV synchrotron radiation. Comparison of the measured and ab initio calculated HS spectra demonstrates the importance of quantum electrodynamical (QED) effects for the HS spectra. Phenomenological fits of the measured spectra by Voigt functions yield accurate values for the shift of the HS from the diagram lines, the splitting of the HS lines, and their intensity ratio. Good agreement with theory was found for all quantities except for the intensity ratio, which is dominated by the intermediacy of the coupling of the angular momenta. The observed deviations imply that our current understanding of the variation of the coupling scheme from LS to jj across the periodic table may require some revision.

Diamant, R.; Kao, C.; Huotari, S.; Hamalainen, K.; Sharon, R.; Honkimaki, V.; Buslaps, T.; Deutsch, M.

2009-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

267

Inverting Color-Magnitude Diagrams to Access Precise Star Cluster Parameters: A Bayesian Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate a new Bayesian technique to invert color-magnitude diagrams of main sequence and white dwarf stars to reveal the underlying cluster properties of age, distance, metallicity, and line-of-sight absorption, as well as individual stellar masses. The advantages our technique has over traditional analyses of color-magnitude diagrams are objectivity, precision, and explicit dependence on prior knowledge of cluster parameters. Within the confines of a given set of often-used models of stellar evolution, the initial-final mass relation, and white dwarf cooling, and assuming photometric errors that one could reasonably achieve with the Hubble Space Telescope, our technique yields exceptional precision for even modest numbers of cluster stars. For clusters with 50 to 400 members and one to a few dozen white dwarfs, we find typical internal errors of sigma([Fe/H]) <= 0.03 dex, sigma(m-M) <= 0.02 mag, and sigma(Av) <= 0.01 mag. We derive cluster white dwarf ages with internal errors of typically only 10% for clusters with only three white dwarfs and almost always <= 5% with ten white dwarfs. These exceptional precisions will allow us to test white dwarf cooling models and standard stellar evolution models through observations of white dwarfs in open and globular clusters.

Ted von Hippel; William H. Jefferys; James Scott; Nathan Stein; D. E. Winget; Steven DeGennaro; Albert Dam; Elizabeth Jeffery

2006-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

268

Spitzer SAGE survey of the Large Magellanic Cloud II: Evolved Stars and Infrared Color Magnitude Diagrams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Color-magnitude diagrams (CMDs) are presented for the Spitzer SAGE (Surveying the Agents of a Galaxy's Evolution) survey of the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). IRAC and MIPS 24 um epoch one data are presented. These data represent the deepest, widest mid-infrared CMDs of their kind ever produced in the LMC. Combined with the 2MASS survey, the diagrams are used to delineate the evolved stellar populations in the Large Magellanic Cloud as well as Galactic foreground and extragalactic background populations. Some 32000 evolved stars brighter than the tip of the red giant branch are identified. Of these, approximately 17500 are classified as oxygen-rich, 7000 carbon-rich, and another 1200 as ``extreme'' asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars. Brighter members of the latter group have been called ``obscured'' AGB stars in the literature owing to their dusty circumstellar envelopes. A large number (1200) of luminous oxygen--rich AGB stars/M supergiants are also identified. Finally, there is strong evidence from the 24 um MIPS channel that previously unexplored, lower luminosity oxygen-rich AGB stars contribute significantly to the mass loss budget of the LMC (1200 such sources are identified).

R. D. Blum; J. R. Mould; K. A. Olsen; J. A. Frogel; M. Werner; M. Meixner; F. Markwick-Kemper; R. Indebetouw; B. Whitney; M. Meade; B. Babler; E. B. Churchwell; K. Gordon; C. Engelbracht; B. -Q. For; K. Misselt; U. Vijh; C. Leitherer; K. Volk; S. Points; W. Reach; J. L. Hora; J. -P. Bernard; F. Boulanger; S. Bracker; M. Cohen; Y. Fukui; J. Gallagher; V. Gorjian; J. Harris; D. Kelly; A. Kawamura; W. B. Latter; S. Madden; A. Mizuno; N. Mizuno; A. Nota; M. S. Oey; T. Onishi; R. Paladini; N. Panagia; P. Perez-Gonzalez; H. Shibai; S. Sato; L. Smith; L. Staveley-Smith; A. G. G. M. Tielens; T. Ueta; S. Van Dyk; D. Zaritsky

2006-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

269

Energy Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology (Energy SMARRT): Development of CCT Diagrams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the most energy intensive industries in the U.S. today is in the melting and casting of steel alloys for use in our advanced technological society. While the majority of steel castings involve low or mild carbon steel for common construction materials, highly-alloyed steels constitute a critical component of many industries due to their excellent properties. However, as the amount of alloying additions increases, the problems associated with casting these materials also increases, resulting in a large waste of energy due to inefficiency and a lack of basic information concerning these often complicated alloy systems. Superaustenitic stainless steels constitute a group of Fe-based alloys that are compositionally balanced to have a purely austenitic matrix and exhibit favorable pitting and crevice corrosion resistant properties and mechanical strength. However, intermetallic precipitates such as sigma (√?¬?√?¬Į√?¬?√?¬Ā√?¬?√?¬≥) and Laves can form during casting or exposure to high-temperature processing, which degrade the corrosion and mechanical properties of the material. Knowledge of the times and temperatures at which these detrimental phases form is imperative if a company is to efficiently produce castings of high quality in the minimum amount of time, using the lowest amount of energy possible, while producing the least amount of material waste. Anecdotal evidence from company representatives revealed that large castings frequently had to be scrapped due to either lower than expected corrosion resistance or extremely low fracture toughness. It was suspected that these poor corrosion and / or mechanical properties were directly related to the type, amount, and location of various intermetallic phases that formed during either the cooling cycle of the castings or subsequent heat treatments. However, no reliable data existed concerning either the time-temperature-transformation (TTT) diagrams or the continuous-cooling-transformation (CCT) diagrams of the super-austenitics. The goal of this study was to accurately characterize the solid-solid phase transformations seen in cast superaustenitic stainless steels. Heat treatments were performed to understand the time and temperature ranges for intermetallic phase formations in alloys CN3MN and CK3McuN. Microstructures were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and energy and wavelength dispersive spectroscopy (EDS, WDS). In this way TTT and CCT diagrams could be developed for the matrix of samples chosen. As this study consisted of basic research into the development of TTT and CCT diagrams as an aid to the US steel casting industry, there is no formal commercialization plan associated with this task other than presentations and publications via the Steel Founders Society of America to their members. The author is confident that the data contained in this report can be used by steel foundries to refine their casting procedures in such a way as to reduce the amount of waste produced and energy wasted by significantly reducing or eliminating the need for remelting or recasting of material due to unwanted, premature intermetallic formation. This development of high alloy steel CCT diagrams was predicted to result in an average energy savings of 0.05 trillion BTU√?¬?√?¬Ę√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?s/year over a 10 year period (with full funding). With 65% of the proposed funding, current (2011) annual energy saving estimates, based on initial dissemination to the casting industry in 2011and market penetration of 97% by 2020, is 0.14 trillion BTU√?¬?√?¬Ę√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?s/year. The reduction of scrap and improvement in casting yield will also result in a reduction of environmental emissions associated with the melting and pouring of the steel. The average annual estimate of CO2 reduction per year through 2020 is 0.003 Million Metri

L. Scott Chumbley

2011-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

270

A New Approach to Computing Max Flows using Electrical Flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A New Approach to Computing Max Flows using Electrical Flows Yin Tat Lee (MIT) Satish Rao (UC-Kelner-Madry-Spielman-Teng'11]: approximate flow in time Uses electrical flows. 7 #12;Electrical Flows 3 1 S t 8 #12;Electrical Flows Identify Graph with Resistor Network R(e)=1/w(e) 1/3 S t 1 9 #12;Electrical Flows Electrical flow

Rajamani, Sriram K.

271

Low flow fume hood  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fume hood is provided having an adequate level of safety while reducing the amount of air exhausted from the hood. A displacement flow fume hood works on the principal of a displacement flow which displaces the volume currently present in the hood using a push-pull system. The displacement flow includes a plurality of air supplies which provide fresh air, preferably having laminar flow, to the fume hood. The displacement flow fume hood also includes an air exhaust which pulls air from the work chamber in a minimally turbulent manner. As the displacement flow produces a substantially consistent and minimally turbulent flow in the hood, inconsistent flow patterns associated with contaminant escape from the hood are minimized. The displacement flow fume hood largely reduces the need to exhaust large amounts of air from the hood. It has been shown that exhaust air flow reductions of up to 70% are possible without a decrease in the hood's containment performance. The fume hood also includes a number of structural adaptations which facilitate consistent and minimally turbulent flow within a fume hood.

Bell, Geoffrey C. (Pleasant Hill, CA); Feustel, Helmut E. (Albany, CA); Dickerhoff, Darryl J. (Berkeley, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Flow conditions of fresh mortar and concrete in different pipes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The variation in fresh concrete flow rate over the pipe cross section was investigated on differently coloured and highly flowable concrete mixes flowing through pipes of different materials (rubber, steel, acryl). First, uncoloured (gray) concrete was poured through the pipe and the pipe blocked. Similar but coloured (black) concrete was then poured into the pipe filled with gray concrete, flowing after the gray concrete for a while before being blocked and hardened. The advance of the colouring along the pipe wall (showing boundary flow rate) was observed on the moulded concrete surface appearing after removing the pipe from the hardened concrete. The shapes of the interfaces between uncoloured and coloured concrete (showing variation of flow rate over the pipe cross section) were observed on sawn surfaces of concrete half cylinders cut along the length axes of the concrete-filled pipe. Flow profiles over the pipe cross section were clearly seen with maximum flow rates near the centre of the pipe and low flow rate at the pipe wall (typically rubber pipe with reference concrete without silica fume and/or stabilizers). More plug-shaped profiles, with long slip layers and less variation of flow rate over the cross section, were also seen (typically in smooth acrylic pipes). Flow rate, amount of concrete sticking to the wall after flow and SEM-images of pipe surface roughness were observed, illustrating the problem of testing full scale pumping.

Jacobsen, Stefan, E-mail: stefan.jacobsen@ntnu.n [Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Dept of Structural Engineering, Trondheim (Norway); Haugan, Lars; Hammer, Tor Arne [SINTEF Byggforsk AS Building and Infrastructure, Trondheim (Norway); Kalogiannidis, Evangelos [Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Dept of Structural Engineering, Trondheim (Norway)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

273

Imaging system for cardiac planar imaging using a dedicated dual-head gamma camera  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cardiac imaging system employing dual gamma imaging heads co-registered with one another to provide two dynamic simultaneous views of the heart sector of a patient torso. A first gamma imaging head is positioned in a first orientation with respect to the heart sector and a second gamma imaging head is positioned in a second orientation with respect to the heart sector. An adjustment arrangement is capable of adjusting the distance between the separate imaging heads and the angle between the heads. With the angle between the imaging heads set to 180 degrees and operating in a range of 140-159 keV and at a rate of up to 500kHz, the imaging heads are co-registered to produce simultaneous dynamic recording of two stereotactic views of the heart. The use of co-registered imaging heads maximizes the uniformity of detection sensitivity of blood flow in and around the heart over the whole heart volume and minimizes radiation absorption effects. A normalization/image fusion technique is implemented pixel-by-corresponding pixel to increase signal for any cardiac region viewed in two images obtained from the two opposed detector heads for the same time bin. The imaging system is capable of producing enhanced first pass studies, bloodpool studies including planar, gated and non-gated EKG studies, planar EKG perfusion studies, and planar hot spot imaging.

Majewski, Stanislaw (Morgantown, VA); Umeno, Marc M. (Woodinville, WA)

2011-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

274

Phase diagram of chiral and diquark condensates at finite temperature and density in the 2-dimensional Gross Neveu model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct the phase diagram of the chiral and diquark condensates at finite temperature and density in the 1+1 dimensional (2D) two flavor massless Gross Neveu model. The resultant phase diagram shows (I) the chiral condensed phase at low temperature and density, (II) the diquark condensed phase at low temperature and high density, and (III) the chiral and diquark coexisting phase at low temperature and intermediate density. This phase structure is also seen in the 3D Gross Neveu model and the 4D Nambu Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model. Thus the phase diagrams of the chiral and diquark condensates in the NJL-type models do not change qualitatively in 2D, 3D and 4D.

Hiroaki Kohyama

2008-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

275

Imaging bolometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Radiation-hard, steady-state imaging bolometer. A bolometer employing infrared (IR) imaging of a segmented-matrix absorber of plasma radiation in a cooled-pinhole camera geometry is described. The bolometer design parameters are determined by modeling the temperature of the foils from which the absorbing matrix is fabricated by using a two-dimensional time-dependent solution of the heat conduction equation. The resulting design will give a steady-state bolometry capability, with approximately 100 Hz time resolution, while simultaneously providing hundreds of channels of spatial information. No wiring harnesses will be required, as the temperature-rise data will be measured via an IR camera. The resulting spatial data may be used to tomographically investigate the profile of plasmas.

Wurden, Glen A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Imaging bolometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Radiation-hard, steady-state imaging bolometer is disclosed. A bolometer employing infrared (IR) imaging of a segmented-matrix absorber of plasma radiation in a cooled-pinhole camera geometry is described. The bolometer design parameters are determined by modeling the temperature of the foils from which the absorbing matrix is fabricated by using a two-dimensional time-dependent solution of the heat conduction equation. The resulting design will give a steady-state bolometry capability, with approximately 100 Hz time resolution, while simultaneously providing hundreds of channels of spatial information. No wiring harnesses will be required, as the temperature-rise data will be measured via an IR camera. The resulting spatial data may be used to tomographically investigate the profile of plasmas. 2 figs.

Wurden, G.A.

1999-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

277

Study of microfluidic measurement techniques using novel optical imaging diagnostics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is applied for a 3-D vector field mapping in a microscopic flow and a Brownian motion tracking of nanoparticles. This technique modifies OSSM system for a micro-fluidic experiment, and the imaging system captures a diffracted particle image having numerous...

Park, Jaesung

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

278

Turbulent flow in graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate the possibility of a turbulent flow of electrons in graphene in the hydrodynamic region, by calculating the corresponding turbulent probability density function. This is used to calculate the contribution of the turbulent flow to the conductivity within a quantum Boltzmann approach. The dependence of the conductivity on the system parameters arising from the turbulent flow is very different from that due to scattering.

Kumar S. Gupta; Siddhartha Sen

2010-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

279

Constructing a cosmological model-independent Hubble diagram of type Ia supernovae with cosmic chronometers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We apply two methods to reconstruct the Hubble parameter $H(z)$ as a function of redshift from 15 measurements of the expansion rate obtained from age estimates of passively evolving galaxies. These reconstructions enable us to derive the luminosity distance to a certain redshift $z$, calibrate the light-curve fitting parameters accounting for the (unknown) intrinsic magnitude of type Ia supernova (SNe Ia) and construct cosmological model-independent Hubble diagrams of SNe Ia. In order to test the compatibility between the reconstructed functions of $H(z)$, we perform a statistical analysis considering the latest SNe Ia sample, the so-called JLA compilation. We find that, while one of the reconstructed functions leads to a value of the local Hubble parameter $H_0$ in excellent agreement with the one reported by the Planck collaboration, the other requires a higher value of $H_0$, which is consistent with recent measurements of this quantity from Cepheids and other local distance indicators.

Li, Zhengxiang; Yu, Hongwei; Zhu, Zong-Hong; Alcaniz, J S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Phase diagram of power law and Lennard-Jones systems: Crystal phases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An extensive characterization of the low temperature phase diagram of particles interacting with power law or Lennard-Jones potentials is provided from Lattice Dynamical Theory. For power law systems, only two lattice structures are stable for certain values of the exponent (or softness) (A15, body centered cube (bcc)) and two more (face centered cubic (fcc), hexagonal close packed (hcp)) are always stable. Among them, only the fcc and bcc are equilibrium states. For Lennard-Jones systems, the equilibrium states are either hcp or fcc, with a coexistence curve in pressure and temperature that shows reentrant behavior. The hcp solid never coexists with the liquid. In all cases analyzed, for both power law and Lennard-Jones potentials, the fcc crystal has higher entropy than the hcp. The role of anharmonic terms is thoroughly analyzed and a general thermodynamic integration to account for them is proposed.

Travesset, Alex [Ames Laboratory

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow diagram image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Observation of the critical end point in the phase diagram for hot and dense nuclear matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Excitation functions for the Gaussian emission source radii difference ($R^2_{\\text{out}} - R^2_{\\text{side}}$) obtained from two-pion interferometry measurements in Au+Au ($\\sqrt{s_{NN}}= 7.7 - 200$ GeV) and Pb+Pb ($\\sqrt{s_{NN}}= 2.76$ TeV) collisions, are studied for a broad range of collision centralities. The observed non-monotonic excitation functions validate the finite-size scaling patterns expected for the deconfinement phase transition and the critical end point (CEP), in the temperature vs. baryon chemical potential ($T,\\mu_B$) plane of the nuclear matter phase diagram. A Finite-Size Scaling (FSS) analysis of these data indicate a second order phase transition with the estimates $T^{\\text{cep}} \\sim 165$~MeV and $\\mu_B^{\\text{cep}} \\sim 100$~MeV for the location of the critical end point. The critical exponents ($\

Lacey, Roy A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Color neutrality effects in the phase diagram of the Polyakov--Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The phase diagram of a two-flavor Polyakov-loop Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model is analyzed imposing the constraint of color charge neutrality. The main effect of this constraint is a coexistence of the chiral symmetry breaking ({chi}SB) and two-flavor superconducting phases. Additional effects are a shrinking of the {chi}SB domain in the T-{mu} plane and a shift of the end point to lower temperatures, but their quantitative importance is shadowed by the intrinsic uncertainties of the model. The effects can be understood in view of the presence of a nonvanishing color chemical potential {mu}{sub 8}, which is introduced to compensate the color charge density {rho}{sub 8} induced by a background color gauge mean field {phi}{sub 3}. At low temperatures and large chemical potentials the model exhibits a quarkyonic phase, which gets additional support from the diquark condensation.

Dumm, D. Gomez [IFLP, CONICET - Departmento de Fisica, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, C.C. 67, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Blaschke, D. B. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Wroclaw, Max Born Place 9, 50204 Wroclaw (Poland); Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, JINR Dubna, Joliot-Curie Street 6, 141980 Dubna (Russian Federation); Grunfeld, A. G. [CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Physics Department, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Avenida Libertador 8250, 1429 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Scoccola, N. N. [CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Physics Department, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Avenida Libertador 8250, 1429 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Universidad Favaloro, Solis 453, 1078 Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

A multi-mode combustion diagram for spark assisted compression ignition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The potential utility of spark discharges to assist low temperature, compression ignited engines has resulted in a number of experimental studies. These show mixed results; sometimes spark is effective at controlling heat release timing, sometimes it only stabilizes combustion, and sometimes it has no effect at all. In order to help understand the spark assisted process we propose a multi-mode combustion diagram to delineate the regimes of spark ignition, flame propagation, compression ignition, knocking combustion and spark-assisted combustion, in terms of unburned and burned gas temperatures near top dead center. An analysis of existing experimental data suggests that the effectiveness of spark assist is best at higher and middle loads and decreases as load is reduced. (author)

Lavoie, George A.; Martz, J.; Wooldridge, M.; Assanis, D. [University of Michigan, Mechanical Engineering Department, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

284

Dynamics in the quantum Hall effect and the phase diagram of graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dynamics responsible for lifting the degeneracy of the Landau levels in the quantum Hall (QH) effect in graphene is studied by utilizing a low-energy effective model with a contact interaction. A detailed analysis of the solutions of the gap equation for Dirac quasiparticles is performed at both zero and nonzero temperatures. The characteristic feature of the solutions is that the order parameters connected with the QH ferromagnetism and magnetic catalysis scenarios necessarily coexist. The solutions reproduce correctly the experimentally observed novel QH plateaus in graphene in strong magnetic fields. The phase diagram of this system in the plane of temperature and electron chemical potential is analyzed. The phase transitions corresponding to the transitions between different QH plateaus in graphene are described.

E. V. Gorbar; V. P. Gusynin; V. A. Miransky; I. A. Shovkovy

2008-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

285

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Technology Logic Diagram. Volume 1, Technology Evaluation: Part B, Remedial Action  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Technology Logic Diagram (TLD) was developed to provide a decision-support tool that relates environmental restoration (ER) and waste management (WM) problems at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. The TLD identifies the research, development, demonstration, testing, and evaluation needed to develop these technologies to a state that allows technology transfer and application to decontamination and decommissioning (D&D), remedial action (RA), and WM activities. The TLD consists of three fundamentally separate volumes: Vol. 1 (Technology Evaluation), Vol. 2 (Technology Logic Diagram), and Vol. 3 (Technology Evaluation Data Sheets). Part A of Vols. 1 and 2 focuses on D&D. Part B of Vols. 1 and 2 focuses on RA of contaminated facilities. Part C of Vols. 1 and 2 focuses on WM. Each part of Vol. 1 contains an overview of the TLD, an explanation of the program-specific responsibilities, a review of identified technologies, and the ranking os remedial technologies. Volume 2 (Pts. A, B, and C) contains the logic linkages among EM goals, environmental problems, and the various technologies that have the potential to solve these problems. Volume 3 (Pts. A, B, and C) contains the TLD data sheets. The focus of Vol. 1, Pt. B, is RA, and it has been divided into six chapters. The first chapter is an introduction, which defines problems specific to the ER Program for ORNL. Chapter 2 provides a general overview of the TLD. Chapters 3 through 5 are organized into necessary subelement categories: RA, characterization, and robotics and automation. The final chapter contains regulatory compliance information concerning RA.

Not Available

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Flow-Based Detection of Bar Coded Particles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have developed methods for flow control, electric field alignment, and readout of colloidal Nanobarcodes{copyright}. Our flow-based detection scheme leverages microfluidics and alternate current (AC) electric fields to align and image particles in a well-defined image plane. Using analytical models of the particle rotation in electric fields we can optimize the field strength and frequency necessary to align the particles. This detection platform alleviates loss of information in solution-based assays due to particle clumping during detection.

Rose, K A; Dougherty, G M; Santiago, J G

2005-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

287

Nanometric Optical Imaging Frontiers in Chemical Imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanometric Optical Imaging Frontiers in Chemical Imaging Seminar Series Presented by... Professor growing field which has provided for nanometric optical imaging in the near-field. Even though a variety of techniques are being developed with nanometric optical imaging potential, near-field optics remains the most

288

Productivity & Energy Flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Productivity & Energy Flow Ecosystem approach, focuses: on flow of energy, water, and nutrients (capture) of energy by autotrophs Gross (total) Net (total ­ costs) Secondary productivity- capture of energy by herbivores http://sciencebitz.com/?page_id=204 What Controls the Primary Productivity

Mitchell, Randall J.

289

Elbow mass flow meter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention includes a combination of an elbow pressure drop generator and a shunt-type mass flow sensor for providing an output which gives the mass flow rate of a gas that is nearly independent of the density of the gas. For air, the output is also approximately independent of humidity. 3 figs.

McFarland, A.R.; Rodgers, J.C.; Ortiz, C.A.; Nelson, D.C.

1994-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

290

Microelectromechanical flow control apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A microelectromechanical (MEM) flow control apparatus is disclosed which includes a fluid channel formed on a substrate from a first layer of a nonconducting material (e.g. silicon nitride). A first electrode is provided on the first layer of the nonconducting material outside the flow channel; and a second electrode is located on a second layer of the nonconducting material above the first layer. A voltage applied between the first and second electrodes deforms the fluid channel to increase its cross-sectional size and thereby increase a flow of a fluid through the channel. In certain embodiments of the present invention, the fluid flow can be decreased or stopped by applying a voltage between the first electrode and the substrate. A peristaltic pumping of the fluid through the channel is also possible when the voltage is applied in turn between a plurality of first electrodes and the substrate. A MEM flow control assembly can also be formed by providing one or more MEM flow control devices on a common substrate together with a submicron filter. The MEM flow control assembly can optionally include a plurality of pressure sensors for monitoring fluid pressure and determining flow rates through the assembly.

Okandan, Murat (NE Albuquerque, NM)

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

291

Pore-scale characteristics of multiphase flow in porous media: A comparison of airwater and oilwater experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pore-scale characteristics of multiphase flow in porous media: A comparison of air­water and oil area, we have used a synchrotron-based CMT technique to obtain high-resolution 3D images of flow Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Multi-phase flow; NAPLs; Porous media; Microtomography

Wildenschild, Dorthe

292

Finite-temperature phase diagram of a spin-polarized ultracold Fermi gas in a highly elongated harmonic trap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

manuscript received 10 April 2008; published 1 August 2008 We investigate the finite-temperature properties-temperature phase diagram. For typical interactions, we find that the exotic FFLO phase survives below one of lithium atoms with unequal spin populations 8≠13 . This type of matter is of great interest

Queensland, University of

293

Figure 1. Block diagram of the turbo decoder. A Memory-Reduced Log-MAP Kernel for Turbo Decoder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 1. Block diagram of the turbo decoder. A Memory-Reduced Log-MAP Kernel for Turbo Decoder--Generally, the Log-MAP kernel of the turbo decoding consume large memories in hardware implement- tation of the turbo decoder is implemented to verify the proposed memory-reduced Log- MAP kernel in 3.04√?3.04mm2 core

Hung, Shih-Hao

294

Diagram of the Biofuel Production Process (SPORL -Alcohol Production):Introduction: The Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance (NARA) is an organization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diagram of the Biofuel Production Process (SPORL - Alcohol Production):Introduction: The Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance (NARA) is an organization that aims to create a sustainable aviation biofuels to determine the atmospheric emissions and emission sources that may be released from proposed NARA biofuels

Collins, Gary S.

295

Record Ferromagnetic Exchange through Cyanide and Elucidation of the Magnetic Phase Diagram for a CuII  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

decades.2-4 Indeed, these recent efforts have already resulted in low-density permanent magnets that order strength in magnetic materials, the compounds displaying the strongest coupling University of CaliforniaRecord Ferromagnetic Exchange through Cyanide and Elucidation of the Magnetic Phase Diagram

296

Subband coding of monochrome images over binary symmetric channels with error correction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1992 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering SUBBAND CODING OF MONOCHROME IMAGES OVER BINARY SYMMETRIC CHANNELS WITH ERROR CORRECTION A Thesis by DENISE M. SHEPPARD Approved as to style and content by: V.... State diagram analysis of error recovery . B. Codebook design C. Performance results . 16 18 23 29 42 48 V VI ERROR CORRECTION A. Algorithm B. Performance Results CONCLUSION REFERENCES APPENDIX A . APPENDIX B . 52 54 61 67 70...

Sheppard, Denise M

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

297

Elliptic flow phenomenon at ATLAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We summarize measurements of elliptic flow and higher order flow harmonics performed by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. Results on event-averaged flow measurements and event-plane correlations in Pb+Pb collisions are discussed along with the event-by-event flow measurements. Further, we summarize results on flow in p+Pb collisions.

Martin Spousta

2014-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

298

A new diagram of the global energy balance Martin Wild, Doris Folini, Christoph Schr, Norman Loeb, Ellsworth G. Dutton et al.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new diagram of the global energy balance Martin Wild, Doris Folini, Christoph Schär, Norman Loeb://proceedings.aip.org/about/rights_permissions #12;A New Diagram of the Global Energy Balance Martin Wilda , Doris Folinia , Christoph Schära of the global mean energy balance, adapted from the study by Wild et al. (2013) [1] with two slight

Fischlin, Andreas

299

Wavelet analysis study of microbubble drag reduction in a boundary channel flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and pressure measurement techniques were performed to investigate the drag reduction due to microbubble injection in the boundary layer of a fully developed turbulent channel flow. Two-dimensional full-field velocity...

Zhen, Ling

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

300

MIR Image Gallery  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Gallery Ribbed annulus Axial Velocity MIR Flow Facility MIR Dials MIR Machinery MIR pumps Experimental Apparatus Flow Model MIR Staff Laser Doppler Velocimetry Laser Doppler...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow diagram image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

THE CARNEGIE SUPERNOVA PROJECT: FIRST NEAR-INFRARED HUBBLE DIAGRAM TO z approx 0.7  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Carnegie Supernova Project (CSP) is designed to measure the luminosity distance for Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) as a function of redshift, and to set observational constraints on the dark energy contribution to the total energy content of the universe. The CSP differs from other projects to date in its goal of providing an I-band rest-frame Hubble diagram. Here, we present the first results from near-infrared observations obtained using the Magellan Baade telescope for SNe Ia with 0.1 diagram for this first sample of 35 SNe Ia, and we compare these data to 21 new SNe Ia at low redshift. These data support the conclusion that the expansion of the universe is accelerating. When combined with independent results from baryon acoustic oscillations, these data yield OMEGA {sub m} = 0.27 +- 0.02(statistical) and OMEGA{sub DE} = 0.76 +- 0.13(statistical) +- 0.09(systematic), for the matter and dark energy densities, respectively. If we parameterize the data in terms of an equation of state, w (with no time dependence), assume a flat geometry, and combine with baryon acoustic oscillations, we find that w = -1.05 +- 0.13(statistical) +- 0.09(systematic). The largest source of systematic uncertainty on w arises from uncertainties in the photometric calibration, signaling the importance of securing more accurate photometric calibrations for future supernova cosmology programs. Finally, we conclude that either the dust affecting the luminosities of SNe Ia has a different extinction law (R{sub V} = 1.8) than that in the Milky Way (where R{sub V} = 3.1), or that there is an additional intrinsic color term with luminosity for SNe Ia, independent of the decline rate. Understanding and disentangling these effects is critical for minimizing the systematic uncertainties in future SN Ia cosmology studies.

Freedman, Wendy L.; Burns, Christopher R.; Wyatt, Pamela; Persson, S. E.; Madore, Barry F.; Kelson, Daniel D.; Murphy, D. C.; Sturch, Laura [Carnegie Observatories, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Phillips, M. M.; Contreras, Carlos; Folatelli, Gaston; Gonzalez, E. Sergio; Morrell, Nidia; Roth, Miguel; Stritzinger, Maximilian [Carnegie Institution of Washington, Las Campanas Observatory, Colina El Pino, Casilla 601 (Chile); Hamuy, Mario [Universidad de Chile, Departmento de Astronomia, Casilla 36-D, Santiago (Chile); Hsiao, Eric [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, P.O. Box 3055, Stn CSC, Victoria, BC V8W 3P6 (Canada); Suntzeff, Nick B. [Physics Department, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States); Astier, P.; Balland, C. [LPNHE, CNRS-IN2P3 and Universites Paris VI and VII, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France)

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

302

Optical monitor for observing turbulent flow  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides an apparatus and method for non-invasively monitoring turbulent fluid flows including anisotropic flows. The present invention uses an optical technique to filter out the rays travelling in a straight line, while transmitting rays with turbulence induced fluctuations in time. The output is two dimensional, and can provide data regarding the spectral intensity distribution, or a view of the turbulence in real time. The optical monitor of the present invention comprises a laser that produces a coherent output beam that is directed through a fluid flow, which phase-modulates the beam. The beam is applied to a temporal filter that filters out the rays in the beam that are straight, while substantially transmitting the fluctuating, turbulence-induced rays. The temporal filter includes a lens and a photorefractive crystal such as BaTiO.sub.3 that is positioned in the converging section of the beam near the focal plane. An imaging system is used to observe the filtered beam. The imaging system may take a photograph, or it may include a real time camera that is connected to a computer. The present invention may be used for many purposes including research and design in aeronautics, hydrodynamics, and combustion.

Albrecht, Georg F. (Livermore, CA); Moore, Thomas R. (Rochester, NY)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Shroud leakage flow discouragers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A turbine assembly includes a plurality of rotor blades comprising a root portion, an airfoil having a pressure sidewall and a suction sidewall, and a top portion having a cap. An outer shroud is concentrically disposed about said rotor blades, said shroud in combination with said tip portions defining a clearance gap. At least one circumferential shroud leakage discourager is disposed within the shroud. The leakage discourager(s) increase the flow resistance and thus reduce the flow of hot gas flow leakage for a given pressure differential across the clearance gap to improve overall turbine efficiency.

Bailey, Jeremy Clyde (Middle Grove, NY); Bunker, Ronald Scott (Niskayuna, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Magnetically stimulated fluid flow patterns  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories' Jim Martin and Kyle Solis explain research on the effects of magnetic fields on fluid flows and how they stimulate vigorous flows. Fluid flow is a necessary phenomenon in everything from reactors to cooling engines in cars.

Martin, Jim; Solis, Kyle

2014-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

305

Split image optical display  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A video image is displayed from an optical panel by splitting the image into a plurality of image components, and then projecting the image components through corresponding portions of the panel to collectively form the image. Depth of the display is correspondingly reduced.

Veligdan, James T. (Manorville, NY)

2007-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

306

The effect of disorder on the critical points in the vortex phase diagram of YBCO  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of line disorder induced by heavy ion irradiation and of point disorder induced by proton and electron irradiation on the upper and lower critical points in the vortex phase diagram of YBCO is presented. The authors find that dilute line disorder induces a Bose glass transition at low fields which is replaced at the lower critical point by first order melting at higher fields. Strong pinning point defects raise the lower critical point, while weak pinning point defects have little or no effect on the lower critical point. The upper critical point is lowered by point disorder, but raised by line disorder. First order melting is suppressed by point disorder in two ways, by lowering of the upper critical point only for weak point pins, or by merging of the upper and lower critical points for strong point pins. The differing responses of the upper and lower critical points to line and point disorder can be understood in a picture of transverse and longitudinal spatial fluctuations.

Crabtree, G. W.; Kwok, W. K.; Paulius, L. M.; Petrean, A. M.; Olsson, R. J.; Karapetrov, G.; Tobos, V.; Moulton, W. G.

2000-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

307

IAC-Star: a Code for Synthetic Color-Magnitude Diagram Computation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The code IAC-star is presented. It generates synthetic HR and color-magnitude diagrams (CMDs) and is mainly aimed to star formation history studies in nearby galaxies. Composite stellar populations are calculated on a star by star basis, by computing the luminosity, effective temperature and gravity of each star by direct bi-logarithmic interpolation in the metallicity and age grid of a library of stellar evolution tracks. Visual (broad band and HST) and infrared magnitudes are also provided for each star after applying bolometric corrections. The Padua (Bertelli et al. 1994, Girardi et al. 2000) and Teramo (Pietrinferni et al. 2004) stellar evolution libraries and various bolometric corrections libraries are used in the current version. A variety of star formation rate functions, initial mass functions and chemical enrichment laws are allowed and binary stars can be computed. Although the main motivation of the code is the computation of synthetic CMDs, it also provides integrated masses, luminosities and magnitudes as well as surface brightness fluctuation luminosities and magnitudes for the total synthetic stellar population, and therefore it can also be used for population synthesis research. The code is offered for free use and can be executed at the site {\\tt http://iac-star.iac.es}, with the only requirement of referencing this paper and crediting as indicated in the site.

A. Aparicio; C. Gallart

2004-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

308

Phase diagram of Landau-Zener phenomena in coupled one-dimensional Bose quantum fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study stationary and dynamical properties of the many-body Landau-Zener dynamics of a Bose quantum fluid confined in two coupled one-dimensional chains, using a many-body generalization recently reported [Y.-A. Chen et al.], within the decoupling approximation and the one-level band scheme. The energy spectrum evidences the structure of the avoided level crossings as a function of the on-site inter particle interaction strength. On the dynamical side, a phase diagram of the transfer efficiency across ground-state and inverse sweeps is presented. A totally different scenario with respect to the original single-particle Landau-Zener scheme is found for ground-state sweeps, in which a breakdown of the adiabatic region emerges as the sweep rate decreases. On the contrary, the transfer efficiency across inverse sweeps reveals consistent results with the single-particle Landau-Zener predictions. In the strong coupling regime, we find that there is a critical value of the on-site interaction for which the transfer of particles starts to vanish independently of the sweep rate. Our results are in qualitative agreement with those of the experimental counterpart.

Santiago F. Caballero-Benitez; Rosario Paredes

2012-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

309

The Structure and Phase Diagram of Chiral Alkyl-Serine Monolayers on Mercury  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The structure of liquid-mercury-supported Langmuir films (LFs) of chiral serine-modified fatty acid molecules was studied as a function of length, n = 8-22 carbons, temperature, T = 5-25 C, and surface coverage, A {approx} 40-200 {angstrom}{sup 2} per molecule, for both homochiral and heterochiral compounds. Using surface pressure {pi}-area A isotherms and surface-specific synchrotron X-ray diffraction methods the phase diagram was determined in detail. No lateral order was found for phases comprising surface-parallel molecules, in contrast with unmodified fatty acid LFs on mercury. For phases comprising standing-up molecules, long range lateral order was found for n {>=} 12, but no order for n = 8. The molecules in the ordered phases are extended, and tilt rigidly by {approx}40{sup o} from the surface normal. The homochiral LFs pack in an oblique, single-molecule, unit cell. The heterochiral LFs pack in a body-centered rectangular unit cell, containing two molecules. Unlike unmodified fatty acid LFs, the structure of the standing-up phase does not vary with n, T or A. The interactions underlying these characteristics, and the role of chirality, are discussed.

L Tamam; D Medina; T Menahem; Y Mastai; E Sloutskin; S Yefet; M Deutsch

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

310

Phase diagram of selectively cross-linked block copolymers shows chemically microstructured gel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study analytically the intricate phase behavior of cross-linked $AB$ diblock copolymer melts, which can undergo two main phase transitions due to quenched random constraints: Gelation, i.e., spatially random localization of polymers forming a system-spanning cluster, is driven by increasing the number parameter $\\mu$ of irreversible, type-selective cross-links between random pairs of $A$ blocks. Self-assembly into a periodic pattern of $A$/$B$-rich microdomains (microphase separation) is controlled by the $AB$ incompatibility $\\chi$ inversely proportional to temperature. Our model aims to capture the system's essential microscopic features, including an ensemble of random networks that reflects spatial correlations at the instant of cross-linking. We identify suitable order parameters and derive a free-energy functional in the spirit of Landau theory that allows us to trace a phase diagram in the plane of $\\mu$ and $\\chi$. Selective cross-links promote microphase separation at higher critical temperatures than in uncross-linked diblock copolymer melts. Microphase separation in the liquid state facilitates gelation, giving rise to a novel gel state whose chemical composition density mirrors the periodic $AB$ pattern.

Alice von der Heydt; Annette Zippelius

2014-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

311

Phase diagram and surface tension in the three-flavor Polyakov-quark-meson model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We obtain the in-medium effective potential of the three-flavor Polyakov-Quark-Meson model as a real function of real variables in the Polyakov loop variable, to allow for the study of all possible minima of the model. At finite quark chemical potential, the real and imaginary parts of the effective potential, in terms of the Polyakov loop variables, are made apparent, showing explicitly the fermion sign problem of the theory. The phase diagram and other equilibrium observables, obtained from the real part of the effective potential, are calculated in the mean-field approximation. The obtained results are compared to those found with the so-called saddle-point approach. Our procedure also allows the calculation of the surface tension between the chirally broken and confined phase, and the chirally restored and deconfined phase. The values of surface tension we find for low temperatures are very close to the ones recently found for two-flavor chiral models. Some consequences of our results for the early Universe, for heavy-ion collisions, and for proto-neutron stars are briefly discussed.

Bruno W. Mintz; Rudnei O. Ramos; Juergen Schaffner-Bielich; Rainer Stiele

2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

312

Optical flow switching  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Present-day networks are being challenged by dramatic increases in bandwidth demand of emerging applications. We will explore a new transport, ldquooptical flow switchingrdquo, that will enable significant growth and ...

Chan, Vincent W. S.

313

Olefin Autoxidation in Flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Handling hazardous multiphase reactions in flow brings not only safety advantages but also significantly improved performance, due to better mass transfer characteristics. In this paper, we present a continuous microreactor ...

Neuenschwander, Ulrich

314

Parallel flow diffusion battery  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A parallel flow diffusion battery for determining the mass distribution of an aerosol has a plurality of diffusion cells mounted in parallel to an aerosol stream, each diffusion cell including a stack of mesh wire screens of different density.

Yeh, H.C.; Cheng, Y.S.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Radiohalogenated thienylethylamine derivatives for evaluating local cerebral blood flow  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Radiopharmaceuticals useful in brain imaging comprising radiohalogenated thienylethylamine derivatives. The compounds are 5-halo-thiophene-2-isopropyl amines able to cross the blood-brain barrier and be retained for a sufficient length of time to allow the evaluation or regional blood flow by radioimaging of the brain.

Goodman, Mark M. (Knoxville, TN); Knapp, Jr., Furn F. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Quasistatic rheology of foams II. Continuous shear flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and numerically. We extract, from the images of the sheared foam, the plastic flow profiles and the modifications AND GEORGES DEBREGEAS2 1 Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Pierce Hall, 29 in the temporal and spatial correlations of the plastic events. The spa- tial fluctuations of the static stress

317

Fracture Network and Fluid Flow Imaging for EGS Applications from  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat

318

Fracture Network and Fluid Flow Imaging for EGS Applications from  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Electrical Resistivity Structure | Department of Energy

319

Imaging, Characterizing, and Modeling of Fracture Networks and Fluid Flow  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensionalthe U.S. Department-2023 Idaho4 AUDIT REPORTIlluminatedin EGS

320

Femtosecond Transient Imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis proposes a novel framework called transient imaging for image formation and scene understanding through impulse illumination and time images. Using time-of-flight cameras and multi-path analysis of global light ...

Kirmani, Ahmed (Ghulam Ahmed)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow diagram image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Optical Flow Estimation using Laplacian Mesh Energy Wenbin Li Darren Cosker Matthew Brown Rui Tang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical Flow Estimation using Laplacian Mesh Energy Wenbin Li Darren Cosker Matthew Brown Rui Tang.p.cosker,m.brown,r.tang}@bath.ac.uk Abstract In this paper we present a novel non-rigid optical flow algorithm for dense image correspondence and non-rigid registration. The algorithm uses a unique Laplacian Mesh Energy term to encourage local

Martin, Ralph R.

322

Flow visualization for qualitative assessment of brain shift Lyubomir Zagorcheva, Ardeshir Goshtasbya, Martin Satterb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flow visualization for qualitative assessment of brain shift Lyubomir Zagorcheva, Ardeshir, and visualization of brain shift in serial MR and CT images is presented. The method consists of three steps to represent complex brain deformations. Keywords: flow visualization, nonrigid registration, brain shift

Goshtasby, Arthur Ardeshir

323

Wireless Sensor Networks for Debris Flow Observation , P.H. Chou1*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, it is now becoming possible to construct and deploy brand new types of mobile sensor nodes that move, researchers can derive the direction and magnitude of the flow in brand new ways. I. INTRODUCTION In the past geophones, image recognition, etc. to observe debris flow remotely. They are more likely to survive

Shinozuka, Masanobu

324

Section 13: Flow control 1 Section 13: Flow control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geometries for Energyefficient Flow Around Bodies Abstract 14:30 ≠ 14:50: Elfriede Friedmann (Universitšt

Kohlenbach, Ulrich

325

Phase separation and charge-ordered phases of the d=3 Falicov-Kimball model at nonzero temperature: Temperature-density-chemical potential global phase diagram from renormalization-group theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The global phase diagram of the spinless Falicov-Kimball model in d=3 spatial dimensions is obtained by renormalization-group theory. This global phase diagram exhibits five distinct phases. Four of these phases are ...

Sariyer, Ozan S.

326

Oak Ridge K-25 Site Technology Logic Diagram. Volume 3, Technology evaluation data sheets; Part A, Characterization, decontamination, dismantlement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Oak Ridge K-25 Technology Logic Diagram (TLD), a decision support tool for the K-25 Site, was developed to provide a planning document that relates environmental restoration and waste management problems at the Oak Ridge K-25 Site to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. The TLD technique identifies the research necessary to develop these technologies to a state that allows for technology transfer and application to waste management, remedial action, and decontamination and decommissioning activities. The TLD consists of four separate volumes-Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3A, and Vol. 3B. Volume 1 provides introductory and overview information about the TLD. Volume 2 contains logic diagrams. Volume 3 has been divided into two separate volumes to facilitate handling and use. This report is part A of Volume 3 concerning characterization, decontamination, and dismantlement.

Fellows, R.L. [ed.

1993-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

327

Energy Flow Energy Flow Energy Flow A.Ukleja, T.Tymieniecka, I.Skillicorn 1 Azimuthal asymmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Flow Energy Flow Energy Flow A.Ukleja, T.Tymieniecka, I.Skillicorn 1 Azimuthal asymmetry using energy flow method Azimuthal angle distribution at Q2 >100 GeV2 Energy flow method.Ukleja on behalf of the ZEUS Collaboration #12; Energy Flow Energy Flow Energy Flow A.Ukleja, T.Tymieniecka, I

328

Enhanced Software for Displaying Orthographic, Stereographic, Gnomic and Cylindrical Projections of the Sunpath Diagram and Shading Mask Protractor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. INTRODUCTION The sun-path diagram and shading mask protractor are well known graphic formats that have traditionally been used by architects and engineers to analyze whether or not a solar shading device will block direct sunlight on a given point... 1990), SOMBRERO (Schnieders et al. 1997), AWNSHADE (McCluney 1995), SOLAR-2 (Sheu 1986), SUNPATH (McCluney 1995), and SUNSPEC (McCluney 1995) programs. OPAQUE (Abouella and Milne 1990), developed by the Department of Architecture at UCLA, draws a...

Oh, K. W.; Haberl, J. S.; Degelman, L. O.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Y-12 Plant Decontamination and Decommissioning Technology Logic Diagram for Building 9201-4. Volume 1: Technology evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During World War 11, the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant was built as part of the Manhattan Project to supply enriched uranium for weapons production. In 1945, Building 9201-4 (Alpha-4) was originally used to house a uranium isotope separation process based on electromagnetic separation technology. With the startup of the Oak Ridge K-25 Site gaseous diffusion plant In 1947, Alpha-4 was placed on standby. In 1953, the uranium enrichment process was removed, and installation of equipment for the Colex process began. The Colex process--which uses a mercury solvent and lithium hydroxide as the lithium feed material-was shut down in 1962 and drained of process materials. Residual Quantities of mercury and lithium hydroxide have remained in the process equipment. Alpha-4 contains more than one-half million ft{sup 2} of floor area; 15,000 tons of process and electrical equipment; and 23,000 tons of insulation, mortar, brick, flooring, handrails, ducts, utilities, burnables, and sludge. Because much of this equipment and construction material is contaminated with elemental mercury, cleanup is necessary. The goal of the Y-12 Plant Decontamination and Decommissioning Technology Logic Diagram for Building 9201-4 is to provide a planning document that relates decontamination and decommissioning and waste management problems at the Alpha-4 building to the technologies that can be used to remediate these problems. The Y-12 Plant Decontamination and Decommissioning Technology Logic Diagram for Building 9201-4 builds on the methodology transferred by the U.S. Air Force to the Environmental Management organization with DOE and draws from previous technology logic diagram-efforts: logic diagrams for Hanford, the K-25 Site, and ORNL.

NONE

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Evaluation of flow hood measurements for residential register flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Flow measurement at residential registers using flow hoods is becoming more common. These measurements are used to determine if the HVAC system is providing adequate comfort, appropriate flow over heat exchangers and in estimates of system energy losses. These HVAC system performance metrics are determined by using register measurements to find out if individual rooms are getting the correct airflow, and in estimates of total air handler flow and duct air leakage. The work discussed in this paper shows that commercially available flow hoods are poor at measuring flows in residential systems. There is also evidence in this and other studies that flow hoods can have significant errors even when used on the non-residential systems they were originally developed for. The measurement uncertainties arise from poor calibrations and the sensitivity of exiting flow hoods to non-uniformity of flows entering the device. The errors are usually large--on the order of 20% of measured flow, which is unacceptably high for most applications. Active flow hoods that have flow measurement devices that are insensitive to the entering airflow pattern were found to be clearly superior to commercially available flow hoods. In addition, it is clear that current calibration procedures for flow hoods may not take into account any field application problems and a new flow hood measurement standard should be developed to address this issue.

Walker, I.S.; Wray, C.P.; Dickerhoff, D.J.; Sherman, M.H.

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Imaging Sciences Workshop Proceedings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains the proceedings of the Imaging Sciences Workshop sponsored by C.A.S.LS., the Center for Advanced Signal & Image Sciences. The Center, established primarily to provide a forum where researchers can freely exchange ideas on the signal and image sciences in a comfortable intellectual environment, has grown over the last two years with the opening of a Reference Library (located in Building 272). The Technical Program for the 1996 Workshop include a variety of efforts in the Imaging Sciences including applications in the Microwave Imaging, highlighted by the Micro-Impulse Radar (MIR) system invented at LLNL, as well as other applications in this area. Special sessions organized by various individuals in Speech, Acoustic Ocean Imaging, Radar Ocean Imaging, Ultrasonic Imaging, and Optical Imaging discuss various applica- tions of real world problems. For the more theoretical, sessions on Imaging Algorithms and Computed Tomography were organized as well as for the more pragmatic featuring a session on Imaging Systems.

Candy, J.V.

1996-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

332

The beam energy dependence of collective flow in heavy ion collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The major goals of heavy ion research are to explore the phase diagram of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) and to investigate the properties of the quark gluon plasma (QGP), a new state of matter created at high temperatures and/or densities. Collective anisotropic flow is one of the most promising observables to gain insights about the properties of the system created in relativistic heavy ion reactions. The current status of the beam energy dependence of the first three Fourier coefficients of the azimuthal distribution of the produced particles $v_1$ to $v_3$ within hybrid transport plus hydrodynamics approaches are summarized.

Petersen, Hannah; Auvinen, Jussi; Bleicher, Marcus

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

The beam energy dependence of collective flow in heavy ion collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The major goals of heavy ion research are to explore the phase diagram of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) and to investigate the properties of the quark gluon plasma (QGP), a new state of matter created at high temperatures and/or densities. Collective anisotropic flow is one of the most promising observables to gain insights about the properties of the system created in relativistic heavy ion reactions. The current status of the beam energy dependence of the first three Fourier coefficients of the azimuthal distribution of the produced particles $v_1$ to $v_3$ within hybrid transport plus hydrodynamics approaches are summarized.

Hannah Petersen; Jan Steinheimer; Jussi Auvinen; Marcus Bleicher

2015-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

334

A MODERN INTERPRETATION OF THE BARNEY DIAGRAM FOR ALUMINUM SOLUBILITY IN TANK WASTE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental and modeling studies of aluminum solubility in Hanford tank waste have been developed and refined for many years in efforts to resolve new issues or develop waste treatment flowsheets. The earliest of these studies was conducted by G. Scott Barney, who performed solubility studies in highly concentrated electrolyte solutions to support evaporator campaign flowsheets in the 1970's. The 'Barney Diagram', a term still widely used at Hanford today, suggested gibbsite ({gamma}-Al(OH){sub 3}) was much more soluble in tank waste than in simple sodium hydroxide solutions. These results, which were highly surprising at the time, continue to be applied to new situations where aluminum solubility in tank waste is of interest. Here, we review the history and provide a modern explanation for the large gibbsite solubility observed by Barney, an explanation based on basic research that has been performed and published in the last 30 years. This explanation has both thermodynamic and kinetic aspects. Thermodynamically, saturated salt solutions stabilize soluble aluminate species that are minor components in simple sodium hydroxide solutions. These species are the aluminate dimer and the sodium-aluminate ion-pair. Ion-pairs must be present in the Barney simulants because calculations showed that there was insufficient space between the highly concentrated ions for a water molecule. Thus, most of the ions in the simulants have to be ion-paired. Kinetics likely played a role as well. The simulants were incubated for four to seven days, and more recent data indicate that this was unlikely sufficient time to achieve equilibrium from supersaturation. These results allow us to evaluate applications of the Barney results to current and future tank waste issues or flowsheets.

REYNOLDS JG; REYNOLDS DA (DECEASED)

2009-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

335

The MACHO Project 9 Million Star Color-Magnitude Diagram of the Large Magellanic Cloud  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a 9 million star color-magnitude diagram (9M CMD) of the LMC bar. The 9M CMD reveals a complex superposition of different age and metallicity stellar populations, with important stellar evolutionary phases occurring over 3 orders of magnitude in number density. First, we count the non-variable supergiants, the associated Cepheids, and measure the effective temperatures defining the instability strip. Lifetime predictions of stellar evolution theory are tested, with implications for the origin of low-luminosity Cepheids. The highly-evolved AGB stars have a bimodal distribution in brightness, which we interpret as discrete old populations (>1 Gyr). The faint AGB may be metal-poor and very old. We identify the clusters NGC 411 and M3 as templates for the admixture of old stellar populations. However, there are indications that the old and metal-poor field population has a red HB morphology: the RR Lyraes lie on the red edge of the instability strip, the AGB-bump is very red, and the ratio of AGB-bump stars to RR Lyraes is quite large. If the HB second parameter is age, the old and metal-poor field population likely formed after the oldest clusters. Lifetime predictions of stellar evolution theory lead us to associate a significant fraction of the red HB clump giants with the same old and metal-poor population producing the RR Lyraes and the AGB-bump. In this case, compared to the age-dependent luminosity predictions of stellar evolution theory, the red HB clump is too bright relative to the RR Lyraes and AGB-bump. Last, the surface density profile of RR Lyraes is fit by an exponential, favoring a disk-like rather than spheroidal distribution. We conclude that the age of the LMC disk is probably similar to the age of the Galactic disk. (ABRIDGED)

C. Alcock; R. A. Allsman; D. R. Alves; T. S. Axelrod; A. Basu; A. C. Becker; D. P. Bennett; K. H. Cook; A. J. Drake; K. C. Freeman; M. Geha; K. Griest; L. King; M. J. Lehner; S. L. Marshall; D. Minniti; C. Nelson; B. A. Peterson; P. Popowski; M. R. Pratt; P. J. Quinn; C. W. Stubbs; W. Sutherland; A. B. Tomaney; T. Vandehei; D. L. Welch

2000-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

336

Phase diagram of the Bose-Hubbard model with T{sub 3} symmetry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the quantum phase transition between the insulating and the globally coherent superfluid phases in the Bose-Hubbard model with T{sub 3} structure, the 'dice lattice'. Even in the absence of any frustration the superfluid phase is characterized by modulation of the order parameter on the different sublattices of the T{sub 3} structure. The zero-temperature critical point as a function of magnetic field shows the characteristic 'butterfly' form. At full frustration the superfluid region is strongly suppressed. In addition, due to the existence of the Aharonov-Bohm cages at f=1/2, we find some evidence for the existence of an intermediate insulating phase characterized by a zero superfluid stiffness but finite compressibility. In this intermediate phase bosons are localized due to the external frustration and the topology of the T{sub 3} lattice. We name this new phase the Aharonov-Bohm insulator. In the presence of charge frustration the phase diagram acquires the typical lobe structure. The form and hierarchy of the Mott insulating states with fractional fillings are dictated by the particular topology of the T{sub 3} lattice. The results presented were obtained by a variety of analytical methods: mean-field and variational techniques to approach the phase boundary from the superconducting side and a strongly coupled expansion appropriate for the Mott insulating region. In addition we performed quantum Monte Carlo simulations of the corresponding (2+1)-dimensional XY model to corroborate the analytical calculations with a more accurate quantitative analysis. We finally discuss experimental realization of the T{sub 3} lattice both with optical lattices and with Josephson junction arrays.

Rizzi, Matteo; Fazio, Rosario [NEST CNR-INFM and Scuola Normale Superiore, Piazza dei Cavalieri 7, 56126 Pisa (Italy); Cataudella, Vittorio [COHERENTIA CNR-INFM and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita Federico II, 80126 Naples (Italy)

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Confronting the Hubble Diagram of Gamma-Ray Bursts with Cardassian Cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct the Hubble diagram (HD) of Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs) with redshifts reaching up to $z \\sim 6$, by using five luminosity vs. luminosity indicator relations calibrated with the Cardassian cosmology. This model has a major interesting feature: despite of being matter-dominated and flat, it can explain the present accelerate expansion of the universe. This is the first study of this class of models using high redshift GRBs. We have performed a $\\chi$-square statistical analysis of the GRBs calibrated with the Cardassian model, and also combined them with both the current Cosmic Microwave Background and Baryonic Acoustic Oscillation data. Our results show consistency between the current observational data and the model predictions. In particular, the best-fit parameters obtained from the $\\chi^2$-analysis are in agreement with those obtained from the Concordance Cosmology ($\\Lambda$-CDM). We determine the redshift at which the universe would start to follow the Cardassian expansion, i. e., \\zc, and both the redshift at which the universe had started to accelerate, i. e., \\zac, and the age-redshift relation $H_0t_0$. Our results also show that the universe, from the point of view of GRBs, had undergo a transition to acceleration at a redshift $z \\approx 0.2-0.7$, which agrees with the SNIa results. Hence, after confronting the Cardassian scenario with the GRBs HD and proving its consistency with it, we conclude that GRBs should indeed be considered a complementary tool to several other astronomical observations for studies of high accuracy in cosmology.

Herman J. Mosquera Cuesta; Habib Dumet M.; Cristina Furlanetto

2007-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

338

Piezoelectric axial flow microvalve  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This invention is directed to a fuel cell operable with a quantity of fuel and a quantity of an oxidizer to produce electrical power, the fuel cell including a fuel cell body including a labyrinth system structured to permit the fuel and the oxidizer to flow therethrough; at least a first catalyst in fluid communication with the labyrinth; and at least a first microvalve operably disposed within at least a portion of the labyrinth. The microvalve utilizes a deflectable member operable upon the application of a voltage from a voltage source. The microvalve includes an elongated flow channel formed therein and extending substantially longitudinally between the first and second ends to permit substantially longitudinal flow of the fluid therethrough and between the first and second ends; and the deflectable member disposed on the valve body, the deflectable member including at least a first piezoelectric portion that is piezoelectrically operable to deflect the deflectable member between an open position and a closed position upon the application of a voltage, the deflectable member in the closed position being operable to resist the flow of the fluid through the flow channel.

Gemmen, Randall; Thornton, Jimmy; Vipperman, Jeffrey S.; Clark, William W.

2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

339

Forced convective flow and heat transfer of upward cocurrent air-water slug flow in vertical plain and swirl tubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This experimental study comparatively examined the two-phase flow structures, pressured drops and heat transfer performances for the cocurrent air-water slug flows in the vertical tubes with and without the spiky twisted tape insert. The two-phase flow structures in the plain and swirl tubes were imaged using the computerized high frame-rate videography with the Taylor bubble velocity measured. Superficial liquid Reynolds number (Re{sub L}) and air-to-water mass flow ratio (AW), which were respectively in the ranges of 4000-10000 and 0.003-0.02 were selected as the controlling parameters to specify the flow condition and derive the heat transfer correlations. Tube-wise averaged void fraction and Taylor bubble velocity were well correlated by the modified drift flux models for both plain and swirl tubes at the slug flow condition. A set of selected data obtained from the plain and swirl tubes was comparatively examined to highlight the impacts of the spiky twisted tape on the air-water interfacial structure and the pressure drop and heat transfer performances. Empirical heat transfer correlations that permitted the evaluation of individual and interdependent Re{sub L} and AW impacts on heat transfer in the developed flow regions of the plain and swirl tubes at the slug flow condition were derived. (author)

Chang, Shyy Woei [Thermal Fluids Laboratory, National Kaohsiung Marine University, No. 142, Haijhuan Road, Nanzih District, Kaohsiung City 81143 (China); Yang, Tsun Lirng [Department of Marine Engineering, National Kaohsiung Marine University, No. 142, Haijhuan Road, Nanzih District, Kaohsiung City 81143 (China)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

340

Electrocapturing flow cell  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A flow cell for electrophoretically-assisted capturing analytes from a flow. The flow cell includes a specimen chamber, a first membrane, a second membrane, a first electrode chamber, and a second electrode chamber. The specimen chamber may have a sample inlet and a sample outlet. A first portion of the first membrane may be coupled to a first portion of the specimen chamber. A first portion of the second membrane may be coupled to a second portion of the specimen chamber. The first electrode chamber may be configured to accept a charge. A portion of the first electrode chamber may be coupled to a second portion of the first membrane. A second electrode chamber may be configured to accept an opposite charge. A portion of the second electrode chamber may be coupled to a second portion of the second membrane.

Morozov, Victor (Manassas, VA)

2011-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow diagram image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Workshop on hypersonic flow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An overview is given of research activity on the application of computational fluid dynamics (CDF) for hypersonic propulsion systems. After the initial consideration of the highly integrated nature of air-breathing hypersonic engines and airframe, attention is directed toward computations carried out for the components of the engine. A generic inlet configuration is considered in order to demonstrate the highly three dimensional viscous flow behavior occurring within rectangular inlets. Reacting flow computations for simple jet injection as well as for more complex combustion chambers are then discussed in order to show the capability of viscous finite rate chemical reaction computer simulations. Finally, the nozzle flow fields are demonstrated, showing the existence of complex shear layers and shock structure in the exhaust plume. The general issues associated with code validation as well as the specific issue associated with the use of CFD for design are discussed. A prognosis for the success of CFD in the design of future propulsion systems is offered.

Povinelli, L.A.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Multiphase cooling flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I discuss the multiphase nature of the intracluster medium whose neglect can lead to overestimates of the baryon fraction of clusters by up to a factor of two. The multiphase form of the cooling flow equations are derived and reduced to a simple form for a wide class of self-similar density distributions. It is shown that steady-state cooling flows are \\emph{not} consistent with all possible emissivity profiles which can therefore be used as a test of the theory. In combination, they provide strong constraints on the mass distribution within the cooling radius.

Peter A. Thomas

1996-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

343

NMR imaging of materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Interest in the area of NMR imaging has been driven by the widespread success of medical imaging. John M. Listerud of the Pendergrass Diagnostic Research Laboratories, Steven W. Sinton of Lockheed, and Gary P. Drobny of the University of Washington describe the principal image reconstruction methods, factors limiting spatial resolution, and applications of imaging to the study of materials.

Listerud, J.M.; Sinton, S.W.; Drobny, G.P.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Seismic Imaging and Monitoring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

I give an overview of LANL's capability in seismic imaging and monitoring. I present some seismic imaging and monitoring results, including imaging of complex structures, subsalt imaging of Gulf of Mexico, fault/fracture zone imaging for geothermal exploration at the Jemez pueblo, time-lapse imaging of a walkway vertical seismic profiling data for monitoring CO{sub 2} inject at SACROC, and microseismic event locations for monitoring CO{sub 2} injection at Aneth. These examples demonstrate LANL's high-resolution and high-fidelity seismic imaging and monitoring capabilities.

Huang, Lianjie [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

345

VLBI Imaging of Seyfert Galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The advent of the Very Long Baseline Array and its phase-referencing capability have enabled milliarcsecond-scale imaging of radio sources at sub-millijansky sensitivity, opening the door to high-resolution imaging of Seyfert galaxies. Over the last few years, this has led to a number of interesting new results that shed light on the characteristics of the inner cores of Seyfert galaxies. These include the following: (1) classical Seyfert galaxies with steep radio spectra have a strong tendency to exhibit radio jets at milliarcsecond scales, sometimes with considerable curvature in the jets; (2) apparent speeds of jets imaged at multiple epochs generally are considerably less than c, often in the vicinity of 0.1c or less, although there sometimes are faster motions seen after strong outbursts; and (3) lower luminosity Seyfert galaxies have a much stronger tendency to show flat or somewhat inverted radio spectra, usually are unresolved on milliarcsecond scales, and probably are dominated by a combination of low-radiative-efficiency accretion flows and very compact radio jets. This paper discusses some examples that illustrate these properties, and summarizes some of what we have learned about weak active galaxies on milliarcsecond scales.

James S. Ulvestad

2003-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

346

The Area Derivative of a Space-filling Diagram Robert Bryant, Mathematics, Duke, Durham, NC 27708, USA, email: bryant@math.duke.edu,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Area Derivative of a Space-filling Diagram Robert Bryant, Mathematics, Duke, Durham, NC 27708, USA, email: bryant@math.duke.edu, Herbert Edelsbrunner ¬°, Computer Science, Duke, Durham, NC 27708

Edelsbrunner, Herbert

347

Interface-roughening phase diagram of the three-dimensional Ising model for all interaction anisotropies from hard-spin mean-field theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The roughening phase diagram of the d=3 Ising model with uniaxially anisotropic interactions is calculated for the entire range of anisotropy, from decoupled planes to the isotropic model to the solid-on-solid model, using ...

Caglar, Tolga

348

ENERGY FLOWS CLIMATE CHANGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY FLOWS FORCINGS CLIMATE CHANGE A REALLY TOUGH PROBLEM Stephen E. Schwartz, BNL, 7-20-11 www average temperature 15¬įC or 59¬įF #12;ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION Power per area Energy per time per area Unit" temperature to radiative flux. #12;GLOBAL ENERGY BALANCE Global and annual average energy fluxes in watts per

Schwartz, Stephen E.

349

Flow cytometry apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An obstruction across the flow chamber creates a one dimensional convergence of a sheath fluid. A passageway in the construction directs flat cells near to the area of one dimensional convergence in the sheath fluid to provide proper orientation of flat cells at fast rates.

Pinkel, Daniel (Walnut Creek, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

AGN and Cooling Flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For two decades the steady-state cooling-flow model has dominated the literature of cluster and elliptical-galaxy X-ray sources. For ten years this model has been in severe difficulty from a theoretical point of view, and it is now coming under increasing pressure observationally. For two decades the steady-state cooling-flow model has dominated the literature of cluster and elliptical-galaxy X-ray sources. For ten years this model has been in severe difficulty from a theoretical point of view, and it is now coming under increasing pressure observationally. A small number of enthusiasts have argued for a radically different interpretation of the data, but had little impact on prevailing opinion because the unsteady heating picture that they advocate is extremely hard to work out in detail. Here I explain why it is difficult to extract robust observational predictions from the heating picture. Major problems include the variability of the sources, the different ways in which a bi-polar flow can impact on X-ray emission, the weakness of synchrotron emission from sub-relativistic flows, and the sensitivity of synchrotron emission to a magnetic field that is probably highly localized.

James Binney

2001-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

351

Hubble diagrams of soft and hard radiation sources in the graviton background: to an apparent contradiction between supernova 1a and gamma-ray burst observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the sea of super-strong interacting gravitons, non-forehead collisions with gravitons deflect photons, and this deflection may differ for soft and hard radiations. As a result, the Hubble diagram would not be a universal function and it will have a different view for such sources as supernovae in visible light and gamma-ray bursts. Observations of these two kinds are compared here with the limit cases of the Hubble diagram.

Michael A. Ivanov

2007-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

352

Waveguide detection of right-angle-scattered light in flow cytometry  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A transparent flow cell is used as an index-guided optical waveguide. A detector for the flow cell but not the liquid stream detects the Right-Angle-Scattered (RAS) Light exiting from one end of the flow cell. The detector(s) could view the trapped RAS light from the flow cell either directly or through intermediate optical light guides. If the light exits one end of the flow cell, then the other end of the flow cell can be given a high-reflectivity coating to approximately double the amount of light collected. This system is more robust in its alignment than the traditional flow cytometry systems which use imaging optics, such as microscope objectives.

Mariella, Jr., Raymond P. (Danville, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Perfusion-Based High-Resolution Functional Imaging in the Human Brain at 7 Tesla  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Perfusion-Based High-Resolution Functional Imaging in the Human Brain at 7 Tesla Josef Pfeuffer and reperfusion, blood flow deficits in Alzheimer's disease, HIV-cognitive motor complex dementia, and epilepsy (5

354

Analysis of flow patterns and flow mechanisms in soils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of flow patterns and flow mechanisms in soils Dissertation Co-directed by the University of paths, varying flow mechanism or changing soil physical properties (stratification). Thus, in stratified-28Jan2010 #12;This doctoral thesis was prepared at the Department of Soil Physics, University

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

355

Radial flow pulse jet mixer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure provides a pulse jet mixing vessel for mixing a plurality of solid particles. The pulse jet mixing vessel is comprised of a sludge basin, a flow surface surrounding the sludge basin, and a downcoming flow annulus between the flow surface and an inner shroud. The pulse jet mixing vessel is additionally comprised of an upper vessel pressurization volume in fluid communication with the downcoming flow annulus, and an inner shroud surge volume separated from the downcoming flow annulus by the inner shroud. When the solid particles are resting on the sludge basin and a fluid such as water is atop the particles and extending into the downcoming flow annulus and the inner shroud surge volume, mixing occurs by pressurization of the upper vessel pressurization volume, generating an inward radial flow over the flow surface and an upwash jet at the center of the sludge basin.

VanOsdol, John G.

2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

356

Effects of a dilute gas of fermions on the superfluid-insulator phase diagram of the Bose-Hubbard model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building on the work of Fisher et al. (Phys. Rev. B 40, 546 (1989)), we develop a framework for perturbation theory in the Bose-Hubbard model and apply it to calculate the effects of a degenerate gas of spin-polarized fermions interacting by contact interactions with the constituent bosons. For the single-band Bose-Hubbard model, the only non-trivial effect of the fermions is to induce an effective space- and time-dependent density-density interaction among the bosons. Using a path integral formulation, we develop the appropriate theory describing the perturbative effects of this fermion-mediated interaction (fermionic screening) on the generic superfluid-insulator phase diagram. For the single-band Bose-Hubbard model, we find that the net effect of the fermions is to inherently suppress the Mott-insulating lobes and enhance the area occupied by the superfluid phase in the phase diagram. For the more general multi-band Bose-Hubbard model, we find that, in addition to the fermion screening of the boson interactions, the virtual excitations of the bosons to the higher Bloch bands coupled with the contact interactions with the fermions result in an effective increase of the boson on-site repulsion. If this renormalization of the boson on-site potential is dominant over the fermion screening of the boson interactions, the area of the Mott insulating lobes of the Bose-Hubbard phase diagram will be enhanced for either sign of the boson-fermion interactions, as seen in recent experiments.

Sumanta Tewari; Roman M. Lutchyn; S. Das Sarma

2009-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

357

Smolt Responses to Hydrodynamic Conditions in Forebay Flow Nets of Surface Flow Outlets, 2007  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study provides information on juvenile salmonid behaviors at McNary and The Dalles dams that can be used by the USACE, fisheries resource managers, and others to support decisions on long-term measures to enhance fish passage. We researched smolt movements and ambient hydrodynamic conditions using a new approach combining simultaneous acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) and acoustic imaging device (AID) measurements at surface flow outlets (SFO) at McNary and The Dalles dams on the Columbia River during spring and summer 2007. Because swimming effort vectors could be computed from the simultaneous fish and flow data, fish behavior could be categorized as passive, swimming against the flow (positively rheotactic), and swimming with the flow (negatively rheotactic). We present bivariate relationships to provide insight into fish responses to particular hydraulic variables that engineers might consider during SFO design. The data indicate potential for this empirical approach of simultaneous water/fish measurements to lead to SFO design guidelines in the future.

Johnson, Gary E.; Richmond, Marshall C.; Hedgepeth, J. B.; Ploskey, Gene R.; Anderson, Michael G.; Deng, Zhiqun; Khan, Fenton; Mueller, Robert P.; Rakowski, Cynthia L.; Sather, Nichole K.; Serkowski, John A.; Steinbeck, John R.

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

The Big Flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The late infall of cold dark matter onto an isolated galaxy, such as our own, produces streams and caustics in its halo. The outer caustics are topological spheres whereas the inner caustics are rings. The self-similar model of galactic halo formation predicts that the caustic ring radii $a_n$ follow the approximate law $a_n \\sim 1/n$. In a study of 32 extended and well-measured external galactic rotation curves evidence was found for this law. In the case of the Milky Way, the locations of eight sharp rises in the rotation curve fit the prediction of the self-similar model at the 3% level. Moreover, a triangular feature in the IRAS map of the galactic plane is consistent with the imprint of a ring caustic upon the baryonic matter. These observations imply that the dark matter in our neighborhood is dominated by a single flow. Estimates of that flow's density and velocity vector are given.

P. Sikivie

2001-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

359

Structural power flow measurement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Previous investigations of structural power flow through beam-like structures resulted in some unexplained anomalies in the calculated data. In order to develop structural power flow measurement as a viable technique for machine tool design, the causes of these anomalies needed to be found. Once found, techniques for eliminating the errors could be developed. Error sources were found in the experimental apparatus itself as well as in the instrumentation. Although flexural waves are the carriers of power in the experimental apparatus, at some frequencies longitudinal waves were excited which were picked up by the accelerometers and altered power measurements. Errors were found in the phase and gain response of the sensors and amplifiers used for measurement. A transfer function correction technique was employed to compensate for these instrumentation errors.

Falter, K.J.; Keltie, R.F.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Neutrino Factory Mercury Flow Loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutrino Factory Mercury Flow Loop V. GravesV. Graves C. Caldwell IDS-NF Videoconference March 9, 2010 #12;Flow Loop Review · 1 cm dia nozzle, 20 m/s jet requires 1.57 liter/sec mercury flow (94 2 liter/min 24 9 gpm)mercury flow (94.2 liter/min, 24.9 gpm). · MERIT experiment showed that a pump

McDonald, Kirk

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow diagram image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Orifice flow measurement uncertainty  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A computer program is now available from Union Carbide that evaluates the total flow uncertainty of orifice flowmeter systems. Tolerance values for every component in the system and the sensitivity of the measured flowrate to each component can be established using historical data and published hardware specifications. Knowing the tolerance and sensitivity values, a total measurement uncertainty can be estimated with a 95% confidence level. This computer program provides a powerful design tool to ensure correct component matching and total metering system optimization.

Samples, C.R.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Continuous flow system for controlling phases separation near ? transition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As demands on 3He are increasing and conventional 3He production through tritium decay is decreasing, alternative 3He production methods are becoming economically viable. One such possibility is to use entropy filters for extraction of the 3He isotope from natural gas. According to the phase diagram of the 3He, its solidification is impossible by only lowering of the temperature. Hence during the cooling process at stable pressure we can reach ?-point and pass to the special phase - He II. The total density of HeII is a sum of the two phases: normal the superfluid ones. It is possible to separate these two phases with an entropy filter - the barrier for the classically-behaving normal phase. This barrier can also be used to separate the two main isotopes of He: 4He and 3He, because at temperatures close to the 4He-?-point the 3He isotope is part of the normal phase. The paper presents continuous flow schemes of different separation methods of 3He from helium commodity coming from natural gas cryogenic processing. An overall thermodynamic efficiency of the 3He/4He separation process is presented. A simplified model of continuous flow HeI -HeII recuperative heat exchanger is given. Ceramic and carbon porous plugs have been tested in entropy filter applications.

Chorowski, M.; Poli?ski, J. [Wroc?aw University of Technology, Wybrze?e Wyspia?skiego 27,50-560 Wroc?aw (Poland); Kempi?ski, W.; Trybu?a, Z.; ?o?, Sz. [Institute of Molecular Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Smoluchowskiego 17,60-179 Pozna? (Poland); Cho?ast, K.; Kociemba, A. [Polish Oil and Gas Company, Odolanow, ul. Krotoszynska 148, 63-430 Odolanow (Poland)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

363

Convective heat flow probe  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A convective heat flow probe device is provided which measures heat flow and fluid flow magnitude in the formation surrounding a borehole. The probe comprises an elongate housing adapted to be lowered down into the borehole; a plurality of heaters extending along the probe for heating the formation surrounding the borehole; a plurality of temperature sensors arranged around the periphery of the probe for measuring the temperature of the surrounding formation after heating thereof by the heater elements. The temperature sensors and heater elements are mounted in a plurality of separate heater pads which are supported by the housing and which are adapted to be radially expanded into firm engagement with the walls of the borehole. The heat supplied by the heater elements and the temperatures measured by the temperature sensors are monitored and used in providing the desired measurements. The outer peripheral surfaces of the heater pads are configured as segments of a cylinder and form a full cylinder when taken together. A plurality of temperature sensors are located on each pad so as to extend along the length and across the width thereof, with a heating element being located in each pad beneath the temperature sensors. An expansion mechanism driven by a clamping motor provides expansion and retraction of the heater pads and expandable packet-type seals are provided along the probe above and below the heater pads.

Dunn, J.C.; Hardee, H.C.; Striker, R.P.

1984-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

364

CLEAN CAST STEEL TECHNOLOGY: DETERMINATION OF TRANSFORMATION DIAGRAMS FOR DUPLEX STAINLESS STEEL.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Duplex stainless steels (DSS) constitute both ferrite and austenite as a matrix. Such a microstructure confers a high corrosion resistance with favorable mechanical properties. However, intermetallic phases such as sigma (√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬Į√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬Ā√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬≥) and chi (√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬Į√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬Ā√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬£) can also form during casting or high-temperature processing and can degrade the properties of the DSS. This research was initiated to develop time-temperature-transformation (TTT) and continuous-cooling- transformation (CCT) diagrams of two types of cast duplex stainless steels, CD3MN (Fe 22Cr-5Ni-Mo-N) and CD3MWCuN (Fe-25Cr-7Ni-Mo-W-Cu-N), in order to understand the time and temperature ranges for intermetallic phase formation. The alloys were heat treated isothermally or under controlled cooling conditions and then characterized using conventional metallographic methods that included tint etching, and also using electron microscopy (SEM, TEM) and wavelength dispersive spectroscopy (WDS). The kinetics of intermetallic-phase (√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬Į√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬Ā√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬≥ + √?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬Į√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬Ā√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬£) formation were analyzed using the Johnson-Mehl-Avrami (JMA) equation in the case of isothermal transformations and a modified form of this equation in the case of continuous cooling transformations, The rate of intermetallic-phase formation was found to be much faster in CD3MWCuN than CD3MN due mainly to differences in the major alloying contents such as Cr, Ni and Mo. To examine in more detail the effects of these elements of the phase stabilities, a series of eight steel castings was designed with the Cr, Ni and Mo contents systematically varied with respect to the nominal composition of CD3MN. The effects of varying the contents of alloying additions on the formation of intermetallic phases were also studied computationally using the commercial thermodynamic software package, Thermo-Calc. In general, √?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬Į√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬Ā√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬≥ was stabilized with increasing Cr addition and by increasing Mo addition. However, a delicate balance among Ni and other minor elements such as N and Si also exists. Phase equilibria in DSS can be affected by local composition fluctuations in the cast alloy. This may cause discrepancy between thermodynamic prediction and experimental observation.

Chumbley. L., S.

2005-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

365

Numerical Investigations of Magnetohydrodynamic Hypersonic Flows.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Numerical simulations of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) hypersonic flow are presented for both laminar and turbulent flow over a cylinder and flow entering a scramjet inlet. ANSYSÖ (more)

Guarendi, Andrew N

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Imaging in radiotherapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The text contains details of recording media, image quality, sensitometry, processing and equipment used in radiotherapy for imaging. It reflects part of the syllabus for the College of Radiographers.

Taylor, J.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

User Science Images  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Image: OBrianImageBig.png | png | 5 MB SlavaFull.png FES: Small Scale Experimental Plasma Research October 21, 2010 | Author(s): Vyacheslav Lukin (NRL) | Category: Fusion Energy |...

368

Dual Plane Imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We outline a technique called Dual Plane Imaging which should significantly improve images which would otherwise be blurred due to atmospheric turbulence. The technique involves capturing all the spatial, directional and temporal information about the arriving photons and processing the data afterwards to produce the sharpened images. The technique has particular relevance for imaging at around 400-1000nm on extremely large telescopes (ELTs).

Parry, Ian

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Consumers' Image of Broilers.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

which they feel the product possesses. This research was designed to determine consumers' favorable and unfavorable images as to broilers, both in making purchases in stores and in serving them as a meat dish. These images, summarized briefly here... count. The Preparation and Cooking Image: The h0u.l wife's image of broilers focuses on one metliotl- frying. The major deterrent to preparing othci dishes was that these are either too difficult or canno* be prepared satisfactorily...

Courtenay, Henry V.; Branson, Robert E.

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Imaging with Scattered Neutrons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe a novel experimental technique for neutron imaging with scattered neutrons. These scattered neutrons are of interest for condensed matter physics, because they permit to reveal the local distribution of incoherent and coherent scattering within a sample. In contrast to standard attenuation based imaging, scattered neutron imaging distinguishes between the scattering cross section and the total attenuation cross section including absorption. First successful low-noise millimeter-resolution images by scattered neutron radiography and tomography are presented.

H. Ballhausen; H. Abele; R. Gaehler; M. Trapp; A. Van Overberghe

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

371

Medical imaging systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A medical imaging system provides simultaneous rendering of visible light and diagnostic or functional images. The system may be portable, and may include adapters for connecting various light sources and cameras in open surgical environments or laparascopic or endoscopic environments. A user interface provides control over the functionality of the integrated imaging system. In one embodiment, the system provides a tool for surgical pathology.

Frangioni, John V

2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

372

Magnetic Imaging Wolfgang Kuch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic Imaging Wolfgang Kuch Freie Universit¨at Berlin, Institut f¨ur Experimentalphysik, Arnimallee 14, 14195 Berlin, Germany kuch@physik.fu-berlin.de Abstract. Imaging of magnetic domains has- ern techniques is used nowadays routinely for magnetic imaging of magnetic ma- terials

Kuch, Wolfgang

373

Human Functional Brain Imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Human Functional Brain Imaging 1990­2009 September 2011 Portfolio Review Summary Brain Imaging #12 Dale ­ one of our first Trustees. Understanding the brain remains one of our key strategic aims today three-fold: · to identify the key landmarks and influences on the human functional brain imaging

Rambaut, Andrew

374

Human Functional Brain Imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Human Functional Brain Imaging 1990­2009 September 2011 Portfolio Review #12;2 | Portfolio Review: Human Functional Brain ImagingThe Wellcome Trust is a charity registered in England and Wales, no's role in supporting human functional brain imaging and have informed `our' speculations for the future

Rambaut, Andrew

375

Near-electrode imager  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus, near-electrode imager, for employing nuclear magnetic resonance imaging to provide in situ measurements of electrochemical properties of a sample as a function of distance from a working electrode. The near-electrode imager uses the radio frequency field gradient within a cylindrical toroid cavity resonator to provide high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance spectral information on electrolyte materials.

Rathke, Jerome W. (Lockport, IL); Klingler, Robert J. (Westmont, IL); Woelk, Klaus (Wachtberg, DE); Gerald, II, Rex E. (Brookfield, IL)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Electrospray Diagnostics by Fourier Analysis of Current Oscillations and Fast Imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrospray Diagnostics by Fourier Analysis of Current Oscillations and Fast Imaging Lida Parvin of the spray voltage, liquid flow rate, and composition. Most Fourier spectra indicated a strong dc component, a low-frequency branch at low flow rates and applied voltages, and a high- frequency branch

Vertes, Akos

377

EVIDENCE FOR HOT FAST FLOW ABOVE A SOLAR FLARE ARCADE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solar flares are one of the main forces behind space weather events. However, the mechanism that drives such energetic phenomena is not fully understood. The standard eruptive flare model predicts that magnetic reconnection occurs high in the corona where hot fast flows are created. Some imaging or spectroscopic observations have indicated the presence of these hot fast flows, but there have been no spectroscopic scanning observations to date to measure the two-dimensional structure quantitatively. We analyzed a flare that occurred on the west solar limb on 2012 January 27 observed by the Hinode EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) and found that the hot (?30MK) fast (>500 km s{sup Ė1}) component was located above the flare loop. This is consistent with magnetic reconnection taking place above the flare loop.

Imada, S. [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory (STEL), Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8601 (Japan)] [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory (STEL), Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8601 (Japan); Aoki, K.; Hara, H.; Watanabe, T. [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)] [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Harra, L. K. [UCL-Mullard Space Science Laboratory, Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT (United Kingdom)] [UCL-Mullard Space Science Laboratory, Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT (United Kingdom); Shimizu, T. [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Sagamihara-shi, Kanagawa 229-8510 (Japan)] [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Sagamihara-shi, Kanagawa 229-8510 (Japan)

2013-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

378

Automation in image cytometry : continuous HCS and kinetic image cytometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Automation in Image Cytometry:xiv Abstract of Dissertation Automation in Image Cytometry:

Charlot, David J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

ANTI-PARALLEL EUV FLOWS OBSERVED ALONG ACTIVE REGION FILAMENT THREADS WITH HI-C  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plasma flows within prominences/filaments have been observed for many years and hold valuable clues concerning the mass and energy balance within these structures. Previous observations of these flows primarily come from H? and cool extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) lines (e.g., 304 Ň) where estimates of the size of the prominence threads has been limited by the resolution of the available instrumentation. Evidence of 'counter-steaming' flows has previously been inferred from these cool plasma observations, but now, for the first time, these flows have been directly imaged along fundamental filament threads within the million degree corona (at 193 Ň). In this work, we present observations of an AR filament observed with the High-resolution Coronal Imager (Hi-C) that exhibits anti-parallel flows along adjacent filament threads. Complementary data from the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO)/Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) and Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager are presented. The ultra-high spatial and temporal resolution of Hi-C allow the anti-parallel flow velocities to be measured (70-80 km s{sup Ė1}) and gives an indication of the resolvable thickness of the individual strands (0.''8 Ī 0.''1). The temperature of the plasma flows was estimated to be log T (K) = 5.45 Ī 0.10 using Emission Measure loci analysis. We find that SDO/AIA cannot clearly observe these anti-parallel flows or measure their velocity or thread width due to its larger pixel size. We suggest that anti-parallel/counter-streaming flows are likely commonplace within all filaments and are currently not observed in EUV due to current instrument spatial resolution.

Alexander, Caroline E.; Walsh, Robert W.; Rťgnier, Stťphane [Jeremiah Horrocks Institute, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE (United Kingdom)] [Jeremiah Horrocks Institute, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE (United Kingdom); Cirtain, Jonathan; Winebarger, Amy R. [NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, VP 62, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States)] [NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, VP 62, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States); Golub, Leon; Korreck, Kelly; Weber, Mark [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)] [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Kobayashi, Ken [Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research, The University of Alabama in Huntsville, 320 Sparkman Drive, Huntsville, AL 35805 (United States)] [Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research, The University of Alabama in Huntsville, 320 Sparkman Drive, Huntsville, AL 35805 (United States); Platt, Simon; Mitchell, Nick [School of Computing, Engineering and Physical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE (United Kingdom)] [School of Computing, Engineering and Physical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE (United Kingdom); DePontieu, Bart; Title, Alan [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Lab, 3251 Hanover Street, Org. ADBS, Bldg. 252, Palo Alto, CA (United States)] [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Lab, 3251 Hanover Street, Org. ADBS, Bldg. 252, Palo Alto, CA (United States); DeForest, Craig [Southwest Research Institute, 1050 Walnut Street, Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302 (United States)] [Southwest Research Institute, 1050 Walnut Street, Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302 (United States); Kuzin, Sergey [P.N. Lebedev Physical institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninskii prospekt, 53, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation)] [P.N. Lebedev Physical institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninskii prospekt, 53, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation)

2013-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

380

Gas Bubble Formation in Stagnant and Flowing Mercury  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Investigations in the area of two-phase flow at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL) Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) facility are progressing. It is expected that the target vessel lifetime could be extended by introducing gas into the liquid mercury target. As part of an effort to validate the two-phase computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model, simulations and experiments of gas injection in stagnant and flowing mercury have been completed. The volume of fluid (VOF) method as implemented in ANSYS-CFX, was used to simulate the unsteady two-phase flow of gas injection into stagnant mercury. Bubbles produced at the upwards-oriented vertical gas injector were measured with proton radiography at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center. The comparison of the CFD results to the radiographic images shows good agreement for bubble sizes and shapes at various stages of the bubble growth, detachment, and gravitational rise. Although several gas flows were measured, this paper focuses on the case with a gas flow rate of 8 cc/min through the 100-micron-diameter injector needle. The acoustic waves emitted due to the detachment of the bubble and during subsequent bubble oscillations were recorded with a microphone, providing a precise measurement of the bubble sizes. As the mercury flow rate increases, the drag force causes earlier bubble detachment and therefore smaller bubbles.

Wendel, Mark W [ORNL] [ORNL; Abdou, Ashraf A [ORNL] [ORNL; Riemer, Bernie [ORNL] [ORNL; Felde, David K [ORNL] [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow diagram image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

UZ Flow Models and Submodels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to document the unsaturated zone (UZ) flow models and submodels, as well as the flow fields that have been generated using the UZ flow model(s) of Yucca Mountain, Nevada. In this report, the term ''UZ model'' refers to the UZ flow model and the several submodels, which include tracer transport, temperature or ambient geothermal, pneumatic or gas flow, and geochemistry (chloride, calcite, and strontium) submodels. The term UZ flow model refers to the three-dimensional models used for calibration and simulation of UZ flow fields. This work was planned in the ''Technical Work Plan (TWP) for: Unsaturated Zone Flow Analysis and Model Report Integration'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169654], Section 1.2.7). The table of included Features, Events, and Processes (FEPs), Table 6.2-11, is different from the list of included FEPs assigned to this report in the ''Technical Work Plan for: Unsaturated Zone Flow Analysis and Model Report Integration'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169654], Table 2.1.5-1), as discussed in Section 6.2.6. The UZ model has revised, updated, and enhanced the previous UZ model (BSC 2001 [DIRS 158726]) by incorporating the repository design with new grids, recalibration of property sets, and more comprehensive validation effort. The flow fields describe fracture-fracture, matrix-matrix, and fracture-matrix liquid flow rates, and their spatial distributions as well as moisture conditions in the UZ system. These three-dimensional UZ flow fields are used directly by Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA). The model and submodels evaluate important hydrogeologic processes in the UZ as well as geochemistry and geothermal conditions. These provide the necessary framework to test hypotheses of flow and transport at different scales, and predict flow and transport behavior under a variety of climatic conditions. In addition, the limitations of the UZ model are discussed in Section 8.11.

Y. Wu

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Original Research In Vivo Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Human  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Original Research In Vivo Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Human Cervical Spinal Cord at 3 Tesla is feasible at 3 T. Key Words: MRI; 3 Tesla; cervical spinal cord; gradient echo; gray matter; white matter J, and pulsatile flow (9,10). Deficits in motor and sensory function from damage to the spinal cord are mainly due

Gorassini, Monica

383

3D Harmonic Mapping and Tetrahedral Meshing of Brain Imaging Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D Harmonic Mapping and Tetrahedral Meshing of Brain Imaging Data Yalin Wang1 , Xianfeng Gu2 , Paul algorithm finds a harmonic map from a 3-manifold to a 3D solid sphere and the second is a novel sphere of magnetic resonance images (MRI). A heat flow method is used to solve the volumetric harmonic mapping

Thompson, Paul

384

Simple method for the calculation and use of CVD phase diagrams with applications to the Ti-B-Cl-H system, 1200 to 800/sup 0/K  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A simple method for calculating multi-component gas-solid equilibrium phase diagrams for chemical vapor deposition (CVD) systems is presented. The method proceeds in three steps: dtermination of stable solid assemblages, evaluation of gas-solid stability relations, and calcuation of conventional phase diagrams using a new free energy minimization technique. The phase diagrams can be used to determine (1) bulk compositions and phase fields accessible by CVD techniques; (2) expected condensed phases for various starting gas mixtures; and (3) maximum equilibrium yields for specific CVD process variables. The three step thermodynamic method is used to calcuate phase diagrams for the example CVD system Ti-B-Cl-H at 1200 and 800/sup 0/K. Examples of applications of the diagrams for yield optimization and experimental accessibility studies are presented and discussed. Experimental verification of the TiB/sub 2/ + Gas/Gas phase field boundary at 1200/sup 0/K, H/Cl = 1 confirms the calculated boundary and indicates that equilibrium is nearly and rapidly approached under laboratory conditions.

Randich, E.; Gerlach, T. M.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Study of flow fields induced by surface dielectric barrier discharge actuator in low-pressure air  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Surface dielectric barrier discharge (SDBD) is a promising method for a flow control. Flow fields induced by a SDBD actuator driven by the ac voltage in static air at low pressures varying from 1.0 to 27.7?kPa are measured by the particle image velocimetry method. The influence of the applied ac voltage frequency and magnitude on the induced flow fields is studied. The results show that three different classes of flow fields (wall jet flow field, complex flow field, and vortex-shape flow field) can be induced by the SDBD actuator in the low-pressure air. Among them, the wall jet flow field is the same as the tangential jet at atmospheric pressure, which is, together with the vertical jet, the complex flow field. The vortex-shape flow field is composed of one vertical jet which points towards the wall and two opposite tangential jets. The complex and the vortex-shape flow fields can be transformed to the wall jet flow field when the applied ac voltage frequency and magnitude are changed. It is found that the discharge power consumption increases initially, decreases, and then increases again at the same applied ac voltage magnitude when the air pressure decreases. The tangential velocity of the wall jet flow field increases when the air pressure decreases. It is however opposite for the complex flow field. The variation of the applied ac voltage frequency influences differently three different flow fields. When the applied ac voltage magnitude increases at the same applied ac voltage frequency, the maximal jet velocity increases, while the power efficiency increases only initially and then decreases again. The discharge power shows either linear or exponential dependences on the applied ac voltage magnitude.

Che, Xueke, E-mail: chedk@163.com, E-mail: st@mail.iee.ac.cn; Nie, Wansheng; Tian, Xihui; Hou, Zhiyong; He, Haobo; Zhou, Penghui; Zhou, Siyin; Yang, Chao [Equipment Academy, Beijing 101416 (China)] [Equipment Academy, Beijing 101416 (China); Shao, Tao, E-mail: chedk@163.com, E-mail: st@mail.iee.ac.cn [Institute of Electrical Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)] [Institute of Electrical Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

386

Using NMR to Validate First-Principles Granular Flow Equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments are described for two granular-flow systems, the vibrofluidized bed and the gas-fluidized bed. Using pulsed field gradient, magnetic resonance imaging, and hyperpolarized gas NMR, detailed information is obtained for the density and motions of both grains and interstitial gas. For the vibrofluidized bed, the granular temperature profile is measured and compared with a first-principles formulation of granular hydrodynamics. For the gas-fluidized bed, dynamic correlations in the grain density are used to measure the bubble velocity and hyperpolarized xenon gas NMR is used to measure the bubble-emulsion exchange rate. A goal of these measurements is to verify in earth gravity first-principles theories of granular flows, which then can be used to make concrete predictions for granular flows in reduced gravity.

D. Candela; C. Huan; K. Facto; R. Wang; R. W. Mair; R. L. Walsworth

2005-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

387

Fluid flow monitoring device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A flow meter and temperature measuring device are described comprising a tube with a body centered therein for restricting flow and a sleeve at the upper end of the tube to carry several channels formed longitudinally in the sleeve to the appropriate axial location where they penetrate the tube to allow pressure measurements and temperature measurements with thermocouples. The high pressure measurement is made using a channel penetrating the tube away from the body and the low pressure measurement is made at a location at the widest part of the body. An end plug seals the end of the device and holes at its upper end allow fluid to pass from the interior of the tube into a plenum. The channels are made by cutting grooves in the sleeve, the grooves widened at the surface of the sleeve and then a strip of sleeve material is welded to the grooves closing the channels. Preferably the sleeve is packed with powdered graphite before cutting the grooves and welding the strips. 7 figures.

McKay, M.D.; Sweeney, C.E.; Spangler, B.S. Jr.

1993-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

388

Fluid flow monitoring device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A flow meter and temperature measuring device comprising a tube with a body centered therein for restricting flow and a sleeve at the upper end of the tube to carry several channels formed longitudinally in the sleeve to the appropriate axial location where they penetrate the tube to allow pressure measurements and temperature measurements with thermocouples. The high pressure measurement is made using a channel penetrating the tube away from the body and the low pressure measurement is made at a location at the widest part of the body. An end plug seals the end of the device and holes at its upper end allow fluid to pass from the interior of the tube into a plenum. The channels are made by cutting grooves in the sleeve, the grooves widened at the surface of the sleeve and then a strip of sleeve material is welded to the grooves closing the channels. Preferably the sleeve is packed with powdered graphite before cutting the grooves and welding the strips.

McKay, Mark D. (1426 Socastee Dr., North Augusta, SC 29841); Sweeney, Chad E. (3600 Westhampton Dr., Martinez, GA 30907-3036); Spangler, Jr., B. Samuel (2715 Margate Dr., Augusta, GA 30909)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Radial flow heat exchanger  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A radial flow heat exchanger (20) having a plurality of first passages (24) for transporting a first fluid (25) and a plurality of second passages (26) for transporting a second fluid (27). The first and second passages are arranged in stacked, alternating relationship, are separated from one another by relatively thin plates (30) and (32), and surround a central axis (22). The thickness of the first and second passages are selected so that the first and second fluids, respectively, are transported with laminar flow through the passages. To enhance thermal energy transfer between first and second passages, the latter are arranged so each first passage is in thermal communication with an associated second passage along substantially its entire length, and vice versa with respect to the second passages. The heat exchangers may be stacked to achieve a modular heat exchange assembly (300). Certain heat exchangers in the assembly may be designed slightly differently than other heat exchangers to address changes in fluid properties during transport through the heat exchanger, so as to enhance overall thermal effectiveness of the assembly.

Valenzuela, Javier (Hanover, NH)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Annular flow diverter valve  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A valve for diverting flow from the center of two concentric tubes to the annulus between the tubes or, operating in the reverse direction, for mixing fluids from concentric tubes into a common tube and for controlling the volume ratio of said flow consists of a toroidal baffle disposed in sliding engagement with the interior of the inner tube downstream of a plurality of ports in the inner tube, a plurality of gates in sliding engagement with the interior of the inner tube attached to the baffle for movement therewith, a servomotor having a bullet-shaped plug on the downstream end thereof, and drive rods connecting the servomotor to the toroidal baffle, the servomotor thereby being adapted to move the baffle into mating engagement with the bullet-shaped plug and simultaneously move the gates away from the ports in the inner tube and to move the baffle away from the bullet-shaped plug and simultaneously move the gates to cover the ports in the inner tube.

Rider, Robert L. (Walkersville, MD)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

NO concentration imaging in turbulent nonpremixed flames  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The importance of NO as a pollutant species is well known. An understanding of the formation characteristics of NO in turbulent hydrocarbon flames is important to both the desired reduction of pollutant emissions and the validation of proposed models for turbulent reacting flows. Of particular interest is the relationship between NO formation and the local flame zone, in which the fuel is oxidized and primary heat release occurs. Planar imaging of NO provides the multipoint statistics needed to relate NO formation to the both the flame zone and the local turbulence characteristics. Planar imaging of NO has been demonstrated in turbulent flames where NO was seeded into the flow at high concentrations (2000 ppm) to determine the gas temperature distribution. The NO concentrations in these experiments were significantly higher than those expected in typical hydrocarbon-air flames, which require a much lower detectability limit for NO measurements. An imaging technique based on laser-induced fluorescence with sufficient sensitivity to study the NO formation mechanism in the stabilization region of turbulent lifted-jet methane flames.

Schefer, R.W. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Image compression technique  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An image is compressed by identifying edge pixels of the image; creating a filled edge array of pixels each of the pixels in the filled edge array which corresponds to an edge pixel having a value equal to the value of a pixel of the image array selected in response to the edge pixel, and each of the pixels in the filled edge array which does not correspond to an edge pixel having a value which is a weighted average of the values of surrounding pixels in the filled edge array which do correspond to edge pixels; and subtracting the filled edge array from the image array to create a difference array. The edge file and the difference array are then separately compressed and transmitted or stored. The original image is later reconstructed by creating a preliminary array in response to the received edge file, and adding the preliminary array to the received difference array. Filling is accomplished by solving Laplace`s equation using a multi-grid technique. Contour and difference file coding techniques also are described. The techniques can be used in a method for processing a plurality of images by selecting a respective compression approach for each image, compressing each of the images according to the compression approach selected, and transmitting each of the images as compressed, in correspondence with an indication of the approach selected for the image. 16 figs.

Fu, C.Y.; Petrich, L.I.

1997-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

393

Active combustion flow modulation valve  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A flow modulation valve has a slidably translating hollow armature with at least one energizable coil wound around and fixably attached to the hollow armature. The energizable coil or coils are influenced by at least one permanent magnet surrounding the hollow armature and supported by an outer casing. Lorentz forces on the energizable coils which are translated to the hollow armature, increase or decrease the flow area to provide flow throttling action. The extent of hollow armature translation depends on the value of current supplied and the direction of translation depends on the direction of current flow. The compact nature of the flow modulation valve combined with the high forces afforded by the actuator design provide a flow modulation valve which is highly responsive to high-rate input control signals.

Hensel, John Peter; Black, Nathaniel; Thorton, Jimmy Dean; Vipperman, Jeffrey Stuart; Lambeth, David N; Clark, William W

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

394

Differential probes aid flow measurement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nonconstricting differential pressure flow probes which help solve the problems of clogging, wear, and pressure loss at the Seawater Filtration Facility in Saudi Arabia are described. Treated seawater is pumped into oil-bearing formations for secondary recovery. Figures showing principle of operation for probes, installation schematic and long-term accuracy results (flow probes vs. orifice meters) are presented. The new diamond-shaped design flow sensor offers accurate flow measurement with low permanent pressure loss, which translates into cost savings for the operator.

Mesnard, D.R.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Video Toroid Cavity Imager  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A video toroid cavity imager for in situ measurement of electrochemical properties of an electrolytic material sample includes a cylindrical toroid cavity resonator containing the sample and employs NMR and video imaging for providing high-resolution spectral and visual information of molecular characteristics of the sample on a real-time basis. A large magnetic field is applied to the sample under controlled temperature and pressure conditions to simultaneously provide NMR spectroscopy and video imaging capabilities for investigating electrochemical transformations of materials or the evolution of long-range molecular aggregation during cooling of hydrocarbon melts. The video toroid cavity imager includes a miniature commercial video camera with an adjustable lens, a modified compression coin cell imager with a fiat circular principal detector element, and a sample mounted on a transparent circular glass disk, and provides NMR information as well as a video image of a sample, such as a polymer film, with micrometer resolution.

Gerald, Rex E. II; Sanchez, Jairo; Rathke, Jerome W.

2004-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

396

The influence of strange quarks on QCD phase diagram and chemical freeze-out: Results from the hadron resonance gas model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We confront the lattice results on QCD phase diagram for two and three flavors with the hadron resonance gas model. Taking into account the truncations in the Taylor-expansion of energy density $\\epsilon$ done on the lattice at finite chemical potential $\\mu$, we find that the hadron resonance gas model under the condition of constant $\\epsilon$ describes very well the lattice phase diagram. We also calculate the chemical freeze-out curve according to the entropy density $s$. The $s$-values are taken from lattice QCD simulations with two and three flavors. We find that this condition is excellent in reproducing the experimentally estimated parameters of the chemical freeze-out.

A. Tawfik

2004-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

397

Microemulsion nanocomposites: phase diagram, rheology and structure using a combined small angle neutron scattering and reverse Monte Carlo approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effect of silica nanoparticles on transient microemulsion networks made of microemulsion droplets and telechelic copolymer molecules in water is studied, as a function of droplet size and concentration, amount of copolymer, and nanoparticle volume fraction. The phase diagram is found to be affected, and in particular the percolation threshold characterized by rheology is shifted upon addition of nanoparticles, suggesting participation of the particles in the network. This leads to a peculiar reinforcement behaviour of such microemulsion nanocomposites, the silica influencing both the modulus and the relaxation time. The reinforcement is modelled based on nanoparticles connected to the network via droplet adsorption. Contrast-variation Small Angle Neutron Scattering coupled to a reverse Monte Carlo approach is used to analyse the microstructure. The rather surprising intensity curves are shown to be in good agreement with the adsorption of droplets on the nanoparticle surface.

Nicolas Puech; Serge Mora; Ty Phou; Gregoire Porte; Jacques Jestin; Julian Oberdisse

2010-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

398

The Star Formation History in Nearby Dwarf Galaxies: the Fossil Record in the Color-Magnitude Diagram  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dwarf galaxies may play a key role in the formation and evolution of bigger systems. This make a topic of major interest knowing how they form and evolve and, in particular, how their star formation histories (SFHs) have proceed since their birth. For nearby galaxies, the color-magnitude diagram (CMD) contains stars formed over all their lifetime. It is hence a fossil record of their SFHs. The analysis with synthetic CMDs provides a powerful tool to retrieve them. In this paper, I discuss the critical issues related to the computation of synthetic CMDs, present a short summary of the currently available results for the SFH extending the full life of galaxies and make a few critical considerations about the powerfulness and back-draws of the method.

A. Aparicio

1998-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

399

Y-12 Plant remedial action Technology Logic Diagram: Volume 3, Technology evaluation data sheets: Part B, Characterization; robotics/automation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Y-12 Plant Remedial Action Technology Logic Diagram (TLD) was developed to provide a decision-support tool that relates environmental restoration (ER) problems at the Y-12 Plant to potential technologies that can remediate theses problems. The TLD identifies the research, development, demonstration, testing, and evaluation needed for sufficient development of these technologies to allow for technology transfer and application to remedial action (RA) activities. The TLD consists of three volumes. Volume 1 contains an overview of the TLD, an explanation of the program-specific responsibilities, a review of identified technologies, and the rankings of remedial technologies. Volume 2 contains the logic linkages among environmental management goals, environmental problems, and the various technologies that have the potential to solve these problems. Volume 3 contains the TLD data sheets. This report is Part B of Volume 3 and contains the Characterization and Robotics/Automation sections.

NONE

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Y-12 Plant remedial action Technology Logic Diagram: Volume 3, Technology evaluation data sheets: Part A, Remedial action  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Y-12 Plant Remedial Action Technology Logic Diagram (TLD) was developed to provide a decision-support tool that relates environmental restoration (ER) problems at the Y-12 Plant to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. The TLD identifies the research, development, demonstration, testing, and evaluation needed for sufficient development of these technologies to allow for technology transfer and application to remedial action (RA) activities. The TLD consists of three volumes. Volume 1 contains an overview of the TLD, an explanation of the program-specific responsibilities, a review of identified technologies, and the rankings of remedial technologies. Volume 2 contains the logic linkages among environmental management goals, environmental problems and the various technologies that have the potential to solve these problems. Volume 3 contains the TLD data sheets. This report is Part A of Volume 3 and contains the Remedial Action section.

NONE

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow diagram image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Section 11: Interfacial flows 1 Section 11: Interfacial flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract 15:10 ¬≠ 15:30: Martin L√ľbke, Olaf W√ľnsch (Universit√§t Kassel): Two-Phase Flow in Single- Screw Extruders Abstract S11.4: Capillary Flows Wed, 16:00¬≠18:00 Chair: Dieter Bothe S1|03¬≠123 16:00 ¬≠ 16:20: K

Kohlenbach, Ulrich

402

Analysis of flow patterns and flow mechanisms in soils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of flow patterns and flow mechanisms in soils Dissertation Co-directed by the University mechanism or changing soil physical properties (stratification). Thus, in stratified soil, we restricted was prepared at the Department of Soil Physics, University of Bayreuth, and at the Hydrogeological Laboratory

Avignon et des Pays de Vaucluse, Université de

403

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Technology Logic Diagram. Volume 3, Technology evaluation data sheets: Part C, Robotics/automation, Waste management  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Technology Logic Diagram (TLD) was developed to provide a decision support tool that relates environmental restoration (ER) and waste management (WM) problems at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. The TLD identifies the research, development, demonstration testing, and evaluation needed to develop these technologies to a state that allows technology transfer and application to decontamination and decommissioning (D&D), remedial action (RA), and WM activities. The TLD consists of three fundamentally separate volumes: Vol. 1, Technology Evaluation; Vol. 2, Technology Logic Diagram and Vol. 3, Technology EvaLuation Data Sheets. Part A of Vols. 1 and 2 focuses on RA. Part B of Vols. 1 and 2 focuses on the D&D of contaminated facilities. Part C of Vols. 1 and 2 focuses on WM. Each part of Vol. 1 contains an overview of the TM, an explanation of the problems facing the volume-specific program, a review of identified technologies, and rankings of technologies applicable to the site. Volume 2 (Pts. A. B. and C) contains the logic linkages among EM goals, environmental problems, and the various technologies that have the potential to solve these problems. Volume 3 (Pts. A. B, and C) contains the TLD data sheets. This volume provides the technology evaluation data sheets (TEDS) for ER/WM activities (D&D, RA and WM) that are referenced by a TEDS code number in Vol. 2 of the TLD. Each of these sheets represents a single logic trace across the TLD. These sheets contain more detail than is given for the technologies in Vol. 2.

Not Available

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Technology Logic Diagram. Volume 3, Technology evaluation data sheets: Part B, Dismantlement, Remedial action  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Technology Logic Diagram (TLD) was developed to provide a decision support tool that relates environmental restoration (ER) and waste management (WM) problems at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. The TLD identifies the research, development, demonstration testing, and evaluation needed to develop these technologies to a state that allows technology transfer and application to decontamination and decommissioning (D&D), remedial action (RA), and WM activities. The TLD consists of three fundamentally separate volumes: Vol. 1, Technology Evaluation; Vol. 2, Technology Logic Diagram and Vol. 3, Technology EvaLuation Data Sheets. Part A of Vols. 1 and 2 focuses on RA. Part B of Vols. 1 and 2 focuses on the D&D of contaminated facilities. Part C of Vols. 1 and 2 focuses on WM. Each part of Vol. 1 contains an overview of the TM, an explanation of the problems facing the volume-specific program, a review of identified technologies, and rankings of technologies applicable to the site. Volume 2 (Pts. A. B. and C) contains the logic linkages among EM goals, environmental problems, and the various technologies that have the potential to solve these problems. Volume 3 (Pts. A. B, and C) contains the TLD data sheets. This volume provides the technology evaluation data sheets (TEDS) for ER/WM activities (D&D, RA and WM) that are referenced by a TEDS code number in Vol. 2 of the TLD. Each of these sheets represents a single logic trace across the TLD. These sheets contain more detail than is given for the technologies in Vol. 2.

Not Available

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Waste Area Groups 1-7 and 10 Technology Logic Diagram. Volume 3  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) Technology Logic Diagram (TLD) was developed to provide a decision support tool that relates Environmental Restoration (ER) and Waste Management (WM) problems at the INEL to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. The TLD identifies the research, development, demonstration, testing, and evaluation needed to develop these technologies to a state that allows technology transfer and application to an environmental restoration need. It is essential that follow-on engineering and system studies be conducted to build on the output of this project. These studies will begin by selecting the most promising technologies identified in this TLD and finding an optimum mix of technologies that will provide a socially acceptable balance between cost and risk to meet the site windows of opportunity. The TLD consists of three separate volumes: Volume I includes the purpose and scope of the TLD, a brief history of the INEL Waste Area Groups, and environmental problems they represent. A description of the TLD, definitions of terms, a description of the technology evaluation process, and a summary of each subelement, is presented. Volume II describes the overall layout and development of the TLD in logic diagram format. This section addresses the environmental restoration of contaminated INEL sites. Volume III (this volume) provides the Technology Evaluation Data Sheets (TEDS) for Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) activities that are reference by a TEDS code number in Volume II. Each of these sheets represents a single logic trace across the TLD. These sheets contain more detail than provided for technologies in Volume II. Data sheets are arranged alphanumerically by the TEDS code number in the upper right corner of each sheet.

O`Brien, M.C.; Meservey, R.H.; Little, M.; Ferguson, J.S.; Gilmore, M.C.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Quantitative luminescence imaging system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The QLIS images and quantifies low-level chemiluminescent reactions in an electromagnetic field. It is capable of real time nonperturbing measurement and simultaneous recording of many biochemical and chemical reactions such as luminescent immunoassays or enzyme assays. The system comprises image transfer optics, a low-light level digitizing camera with image intensifying microchannel plates, an image process or, and a control computer. The image transfer optics may be a fiber image guide with a bend, or a microscope, to take the light outside of the RF field. Output of the camera is transformed into a localized rate of cumulative digitalized data or enhanced video display or hard-copy images. The system may be used as a luminescent microdosimetry device for radiofrequency or microwave radiation, as a thermal dosimeter, or in the dosimetry of ultra-sound (sonoluminescence) or ionizing radiation. It provides a near-real-time system capable of measuring the extremely low light levels from luminescent reactions in electromagnetic fields in the areas of chemiluminescence assays and thermal microdosimetry, and is capable of near-real-time imaging of the sample to allow spatial distribution analysis of the reaction. It can be used to instrument three distinctly different irradiation configurations, comprising (1) RF waveguide irradiation of a small Petri-dish-shaped sample cell, (2) RF irradiation of samples in a microscope for the microscopie imaging and measurement, and (3) RF irradiation of small to human body-sized samples in an anechoic chamber.

Erwin, David N. (San Antonio, TX); Kiel, Johnathan L. (San Antonio, TX); Batishko, Charles R. (West Richland, WA); Stahl, Kurt A. (Richland, WA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Quantitative luminescence imaging system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The QLIS images and quantifies low-level chemiluminescent reactions in an electromagnetic field. It is capable of real time nonperturbing measurement and simultaneous recording of many biochemical and chemical reactions such as luminescent immunoassays or enzyme assays. The system comprises image transfer optics, a low-light level digitizing camera with image intensifying microchannel plates, an image process or, and a control computer. The image transfer optics may be a fiber image guide with a bend, or a microscope, to take the light outside of the RF field. Output of the camera is transformed into a localized rate of cumulative digitalized data or enhanced video display or hard-copy images. The system may be used as a luminescent microdosimetry device for radiofrequency or microwave radiation, as a thermal dosimeter, or in the dosimetry of ultra-sound (sonoluminescence) or ionizing radiation. It provides a near-real-time system capable of measuring the extremely low light levels from luminescent reactions in electromagnetic fields in the areas of chemiluminescence assays and thermal microdosimetry, and is capable of near-real-time imaging of the sample to allow spatial distribution analysis of the reaction. It can be used to instrument three distinctly different irradiation configurations, comprising (1) RF waveguide irradiation of a small Petri-dish-shaped sample cell, (2) RF irradiation of samples in a microscope for the microscopic imaging and measurement, and (3) RF irradiation of small to human body-sized samples in an anechoic chamber. 22 figs.

Erwin, D.N.; Kiel, J.L.; Batishko, C.R.; Stahl, K.A.

1990-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

408

Ferroelectric optical image comparator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A ferroelectric optical image comparator has a lead lanthanum zirconate titanate thin-film device which is constructed with a semi-transparent or transparent conductive first electrode on one side of the thin film, a conductive metal second electrode on the other side of the thin film, and the second electrode is in contact with a nonconducting substrate. A photoinduced current in the device represents the dot product between a stored image and an image projected onto the first electrode. One-dimensional autocorrelations are performed by measuring this current while displacing the projected image. 7 figures.

Butler, M.A.; Land, C.E.; Martin, S.J.; Pfeifer, K.B.

1993-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

409

EMSL - image superimposition  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

image-superimposition en Magnesium behavior and structural defects in Mg+ ion implanted silicon carbide. http:www.emsl.pnl.govemslwebpublicationsmagnesium-behavior-and-structu...

410

image superimposition | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

superimposition image superimposition Leads No leads are available at this time. Magnesium behavior and structural defects in Mg+ ion implanted silicon carbide. Abstract: As a...

411

Effect of flow fluctuations and nonflow on elliptic flow methods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss how the different estimates of elliptic flow are influenced by flow fluctuations and nonflow effects. It is explained why the event-plane method yields estimates between the two-particle correlation methods and the multiparticle correlation methods. It is argued that nonflow effects and fluctuations cannot be disentangled without other assumptions. However, we provide equations where, with reasonable assumptions about fluctuations and nonflow, all measured values of elliptic flow converge to a unique mean v_2,PP elliptic flow in the participant plane and, with a Gaussian assumption on eccentricity fluctuations, can be converted to the mean v_2,RP in the reaction plane. Thus, the 20percent spread in observed elliptic flow measurements from different analysis methods is no longer mysterious.

Ollitrault, Jean-Yves; Poskanzer, Arthur M.; Voloshin, Sergei A.

2009-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

412

Elastic capsules in shear flow: Analytical solutions for constant and time-dependent shear rates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the dynamics of microcapsules in linear shear flow within a reduced model with two degrees of freedom. In previous work for steady shear flow, the dynamic phases of this model, i.e. swinging, tumbling and intermittent behaviour, have been identified using numerical methods. In this paper, we integrate the equations of motion in the quasi-spherical limit analytically for time-constant and time-dependent shear flow using matched asymptotic expansions. Using this method, we find analytical expressions for the mean tumbling rate in general time-dependent shear flow. The capsule dynamics is studied in more detail when the inverse shear rate is harmonically modulated around a constant mean value for which a dynamic phase diagram is constructed. By a judicious choice of both modulation frequency and phase, tumbling motion can be induced even if the mean shear rate corresponds to the swinging regime. We derive expressions for the amplitude and width of the resonance peaks as a function of the modulation frequency.

Steffen Kessler; Reimar Finken; Udo Seifert

2009-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

413

Restoring functional PET Images using Anatomical MR Images  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Restoring functional PET Images using Anatomical MR Images Peter Philipsen, Ulrik Kjems, Peter Toft signal to noise ratio and the low spa­ tial resolution in Positron Emission Tomography (PET) images ? And Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Images? ffl Segmentation of MR Images ­ Extraction of important edges

Mosegaard, Klaus

414

Compression of Computer Graphics Images with Image-Based Rendering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compression of Computer Graphics Images with Image-Based Rendering Ilmi Yoon and Ulrich Neumann information from previously rendered images. Images predicted from prior images are combined with a residual-based rendering tech- nique provides accurate motion prediction and accelerates rendering at the same time

Shahabi, Cyrus

415

Array combination for parallel imaging in Magnetic Resonance Imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

......................................103 Figure 51. Diagram of geometry used...........................................................................104 Figure 52. 64 element 8x8 grid array SNR map using 64 receivers. ............................105 Figure 53. 64 element 8x8 grid...-factor maps for point combined array......................................................117 Figure 63. SENSE reconstructions using point combined array...................................118 Figure 64. Grid array geometry used for simulation...

Spence, Dan Kenrick

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

416

Network Flow Optimization under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Network model in words Minimize the cost of satisfying demands for electric energy By: imports, exports and electricity Subject to: conservation of energy flows (net after losses), lower and upper bounds on flows is a reactive approach: how would the optimal solution have changed if I'd only known? · Proactive approaches

Tesfatsion, Leigh

417

Redox Flow Batteries, a Review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Redox flow batteries are enjoying a renaissance due to their ability to store large amounts of electrical energy relatively cheaply and efficiently. In this review, we examine the components of redox flow batteries with a focus on understanding the underlying physical processes. The various transport and kinetic phenomena are discussed along with the most common redox couples.

U. Tennessee Knoxville; U. Texas Austin; McGill U; Weber, Adam Z.; Mench, Matthew M.; Meyers, Jeremy P.; Ross, Philip N.; Gostick, Jeffrey T.; Liu, Qinghua

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

418

Vertical flow chemical detection portal  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A portal apparatus is described for screening objects or persons for the presence of trace amounts of chemical substances such as illicit drugs or explosives. The apparatus has a test space, in which a person may stand, defined by two generally upright sides spanned by a horizontal transom. One or more fans in the transom generate a downward air flow (uni-directional) within the test space. The air flows downwardly from a high pressure upper zone, past the object or person to be screened. Air moving past the object dislodges from the surface thereof both volatile and nonvolatile particles of the target substance. The particles are entrained into the air flow which continues flowing downward to a lower zone of reduced pressure, where the particle-bearing air stream is directed out of the test space and toward preconcentrator and detection components. The sides of the portal are specially configured to partially contain and maintain the air flow. 3 figs.

Linker, K.L.; Hannum, D.W.; Conrad, F.J.

1999-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

419

DOUBLE MAJORS Imaging Science + ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DOUBLE MAJORS Imaging Science + ... Applied Mathematics Biomedical Sciences Computer Science Undergraduate Research Internships and Cooperative Education (Co-op) (optional) Study Abroad WHY IMAGING SCIENCE Science: BS, MS, PhD Color Science: MS, PhD BS + MS/PhD Combos HUMAN VISION BIO- MEDICAL ASTRO- PHYSICS

Zanibbi, Richard

420

Directional Multiresolution Image Representations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) are not necessarily best suited for images. Thus, there is a strong motivation to search for more powerful schemes consid¬īer¬īees comme de bonnes repr¬īesentations des images na- turelles. Le lien entre les courbelettes et

Do, Minh N.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow diagram image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Medical imaging systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A medical imaging system provides simultaneous rendering of visible light and fluorescent images. The system may employ dyes in a small-molecule form that remains in a subject's blood stream for several minutes, allowing real-time imaging of the subject's circulatory system superimposed upon a conventional, visible light image of the subject. The system may also employ dyes or other fluorescent substances associated with antibodies, antibody fragments, or ligands that accumulate within a region of diagnostic significance. In one embodiment, the system provides an excitation light source to excite the fluorescent substance and a visible light source for general illumination within the same optical guide that is used to capture images. In another embodiment, the system is configured for use in open surgical procedures by providing an operating area that is closed to ambient light. More broadly, the systems described herein may be used in imaging applications where a visible light image may be usefully supplemented by an image formed from fluorescent emissions from a fluorescent substance that marks areas of functional interest.

Frangioni, John V. (Wayland, MA)

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

422

Heart imaging method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for providing an image of the human heart's electrical system derives time-of-flight data from an array of EKG electrodes and this data is transformed into phase information. The phase information, treated as a hologram, is reconstructed to provide an image in one or two dimensions of the electrical system of the functioning heart.

Collins, H. Dale (Richland, WA); Gribble, R. Parks (Richland, WA); Busse, Lawrence J. (Littleton, CO)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Fluorescent image tracking velocimeter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multiple-exposure fluorescent image tracking velocimeter (FITV) detects and measures the motion (trajectory, direction and velocity) of small particles close to light scattering surfaces. The small particles may follow the motion of a carrier medium such as a liquid, gas or multi-phase mixture, allowing the motion of the carrier medium to be observed, measured and recorded. The main components of the FITV include: (1) fluorescent particles; (2) a pulsed fluorescent excitation laser source; (3) an imaging camera; and (4) an image analyzer. FITV uses fluorescing particles excited by visible laser light to enhance particle image detectability near light scattering surfaces. The excitation laser light is filtered out before reaching the imaging camera allowing the fluoresced wavelengths emitted by the particles to be detected and recorded by the camera. FITV employs multiple exposures of a single camera image by pulsing the excitation laser light for producing a series of images of each particle along its trajectory. The time-lapsed image may be used to determine trajectory and velocity and the exposures may be coded to derive directional information.

Shaffer, Franklin D. (Library, PA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Adaptive wiener image restoration kernel  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and device for restoration of electro-optical image data using an adaptive Wiener filter begins with constructing imaging system Optical Transfer Function, and the Fourier Transformations of the noise and the image. A spatial representation of the imaged object is restored by spatial convolution of the image using a Wiener restoration kernel.

Yuan, Ding (Henderson, NV)

2007-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

425

Wavy flow cooling concept for turbine airfoils  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An airfoil including an outer wall and a cooling cavity formed therein. The cooling cavity includes a leading edge flow channel located adjacent a leading edge of the airfoil and a trailing edge flow channel located adjacent a trailing edge of the airfoil. Each of the leading edge and trailing edge flow channels define respective first and second flow axes located between pressure and suction sides of the airfoil. A plurality of rib members are located within each of the flow channels, spaced along the flow axes, and alternately extending from opposing sides of the flow channels to define undulating flow paths through the flow channels.

Liang, George (Palm City, FL)

2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

426

Time encoded radiation imaging  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The various technologies presented herein relate to detecting nuclear material at a large stand-off distance. An imaging system is presented which can detect nuclear material by utilizing time encoded imaging relating to maximum and minimum radiation particle counts rates. The imaging system is integrated with a data acquisition system that can utilize variations in photon pulse shape to discriminate between neutron and gamma-ray interactions. Modulation in the detected neutron count rates as a function of the angular orientation of the detector due to attenuation of neighboring detectors is utilized to reconstruct the neutron source distribution over 360 degrees around the imaging system. Neutrons (e.g., fast neutrons) and/or gamma-rays are incident upon scintillation material in the imager, the photons generated by the scintillation material are converted to electrical energy from which the respective neutrons/gamma rays can be determined and, accordingly, a direction to, and the location of, a radiation source identified.

Marleau, Peter; Brubaker, Erik; Kiff, Scott

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

427

Y-12 Plant decontamination and decommissioning technology logic diagram for Building 9201-4. Volume 3: Technology evaluation data sheets; Part A: Characterization, dismantlement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Y-12 Plant Decontamination and Decommissioning Technology Logic Diagram for Building 9201-4 (TLD) was developed to provide a decision-support tool that relates decontamination and decommissioning (D and D) problems at Bldg. 9201-4 to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. The TLD uses information from the Strategic Roadmap for the Oak Ridge Reservation, the Oak Ridge K-25 Site Technology Logic Diagram, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Technology Logic Diagram, and a previous Hanford logic diagram. This TLD identifies the research, development, demonstration, testing, and evaluation needed for sufficient development of these technologies to allow for technology transfer and application to D and D and waste management (WM) activities. It is essential that follow-on engineering studies be conducted to build on the output of this project. These studies will begin by selecting the most promising technologies identified in the TLD and by finding an optimum mix of technologies that will provide a socially acceptable balance between cost and risk. This report consists of the characterization and dismantlement data sheets.

NONE

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Goal Tree Success Tree -Dynamic Master Logic Diagram and Monte Carlo Simulation for the Safety and Resilience Assessment of a Multistate System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

produced by an earthquake and its aftershocks (the external events) on a nuclear power plant (the critical plant) embedded in the connected power and water distribution, and transportation networks which support1 Goal Tree Success Tree - Dynamic Master Logic Diagram and Monte Carlo Simulation for the Safety

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

429

Finite-temperature phase diagram of nonmagnetic impurities in high-temperature superconductors using a d=3 tJ model with quenched disorder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Finite-temperature phase diagram of nonmagnetic impurities in high-temperature superconductors to the superconducting phase in cuprates which is eliminated for p 0.05; in the same region for these dilute impurity destruction of the superconducting phase.1,2 In yttrium barium copper oxide YBCO , the transition temperature

Thirumalai, Devarajan

430

Fig. 1: 1.25GS/s 8-bit C-2C SAR sub-ADC block diagram Time Interleaved C-2C SAR ADC with Background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fig. 1: 1.25GS/s 8-bit C-2C SAR sub-ADC block diagram Time Interleaved C-2C SAR ADC with Background Timing Skew Calibration in 65nm CMOS Luke Wang, Qiwei Wang, and Anthony Chan Carusone Department-bit 40-way time- interleaved SAR ADC fabricated in 65nm CMOS. Two-level hierarchical interleaving

Chan Carusone, Tony

431

Turbine blade tip flow discouragers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A turbine assembly comprises a plurality of rotating blade portions in a spaced relation with a stationery shroud. The rotating blade portions comprise a root section, a tip portion and an airfoil. The tip portion has a pressure side wall and a suction side wall. A number of flow discouragers are disposed on the blade tip portion. In one embodiment, the flow discouragers extend circumferentially from the pressure side wall to the suction side wall so as to be aligned generally parallel to the direction of rotation. In an alternative embodiment, the flow discouragers extend circumferentially from the pressure side wall to the suction side wall so as to be aligned at an angle in the range between about 0.degree. to about 60.degree. with respect to a reference axis aligned generally parallel to the direction of rotation. The flow discouragers increase the flow resistance and thus reduce the flow of hot gas flow leakage for a given pressure differential across the blade tip portion so as to improve overall turbine efficiency.

Bunker, Ronald Scott (Niskayuna, NY)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Two-Phase Flow Simulations In a Natural Rock Fracture using the VOF Method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Standard models of two-phase flow in porous media have been shown to exhibit several shortcomings that might be partially overcome with a recently developed model based on thermodynamic principles (Hassanizadeh and Gray, 1990). This alternative two-phase flow model contains a set of new and non-standard parameters, including specific interfacial area. By incorporating interfacial area production, destruction, and propagation into functional relationships that describe the capillary pressure and saturation, a more physical model has been developed. Niessner and Hassanizadeh (2008) have examined this model numerically and have shown that the model captures saturation hysteresis with drainage/imbibition cycles. Several static experimental studies have been performed to examine the validity of this new thermodynamically based approach; these allow the determination of static parameters of the model. To date, no experimental studies have obtained information about the dynamic parameters required for the model. A new experimental porous flow cell has been constructed using stereolithography to study two-phase flow phenomena (Crandall et al. 2008). A novel image analysis tool was developed for an examination of the evolution of flow patterns during displacement experiments (Crandall et al. 2009). This analysis tool enables the direct quantification of interfacial area between fluids by matching known geometrical properties of the constructed flow cell with locations identified as interfaces from images of flowing fluids. Numerous images were obtained from two-phase experiments within the flow cell. The dynamic evolution of the fluid distribution and the fluid-fluid interface locations were determined by analyzing these images. In this paper, we give a brief introduction to the thermodynamically based two-phase flow model, review the properties of the stereolithography flow cell, and show how the image analysis procedure has been used to obtain dynamic parameters for the numerical model. These parameters include production/destruction of interfacial area as a function of saturation and capillary pressure. Our preliminary results for primary drainage in porous media show that the specific interfacial area increased linearly with increasing gas saturation until breakthrough of the displacing gas into the exit manifold occurred.

Crandall, Dustin; Ahmadi, Goodarz; Smith, Duane H., Bromhal, Grant

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Investigation of Swirling Flow in Rod Bundle Subchannels Using Computational Fluid Dynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The fluid dynamics for turbulent flow through rod bundles representative of those used in pressurized water reactors is examined using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The rod bundles of the pressurized water reactor examined in this study consist of a square array of parallel rods that are held on a constant pitch by support grids spaced axially along the rod bundle. Split-vane pair support grids are often used to create swirling flow in the rod bundle in an effort to improve the heat transfer characteristics for the rod bundle during both normal operating conditions and in accident condition scenarios. Computational fluid dynamics simulations for a two subchannel portion of the rod bundle were used to model the flow downstream of a split-vane pair support grid. A high quality computational mesh was used to investigate the choice of turbulence model appropriate for the complex swirling flow in the rod bundle subchannels. Results document a central swirling flow structure in each of the subchannels downstream of the split-vane pairs. Strong lateral flows along the surface of the rods, as well as impingement regions of lateral flow on the rods are documented. In addition, regions of lateral flow separation and low axial velocity are documented next to the rods. Results of the CFD are compared to experimental particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements documenting the lateral flow structures downstream of the split-vane pairs. Good agreement is found between the computational simulation and experimental measurements for locations close to the support grid. (authors)

Holloway, Mary V. [United States Naval Academy, 117 Decatur Road, Annapolis, MD 21402-5018 (United States); Beasley, Donald E. [Clemson University, Clemson, S.C. 29634 (United States); Conner, Michael E. [Westinghouse Nuclear Fuel (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

DETECTION OF EQUATORWARD MERIDIONAL FLOW AND EVIDENCE OF DOUBLE-CELL MERIDIONAL CIRCULATION INSIDE THE SUN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Meridional flow in the solar interior plays an important role in redistributing angular momentum and transporting magnetic flux inside the Sun. Although it has long been recognized that the meridional flow is predominantly poleward at the Sun's surface and in its shallow interior, the location of the equatorward return flow and the meridional flow profile in the deeper interior remain unclear. Using the first 2 yr of continuous helioseismology observations from the Solar Dynamics Observatory/Helioseismic Magnetic Imager, we analyze travel times of acoustic waves that propagate through different depths of the solar interior carrying information about the solar interior dynamics. After removing a systematic center-to-limb effect in the helioseismic measurements and performing inversions for flow speed, we find that the poleward meridional flow of a speed of 15 m s{sup -1} extends in depth from the photosphere to about 0.91 R{sub Sun }. An equatorward flow of a speed of 10 m s{sup -1} is found between 0.82 and 0.91 R{sub Sun} in the middle of the convection zone. Our analysis also shows evidence of that the meridional flow turns poleward again below 0.82 R{sub Sun }, indicating an existence of a second meridional circulation cell below the shallower one. This double-cell meridional circulation profile with an equatorward flow shallower than previously thought suggests a rethinking of how magnetic field is generated and redistributed inside the Sun.

Zhao Junwei; Bogart, R. S.; Kosovichev, A. G.; Hartlep, Thomas [W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-4085 (United States); Duvall, T. L. Jr. [Solar Physics Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

435

Multiscale Simulations for Polymeric Flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multiscale simulation methods have been developed based on the local stress sampling strategy and applied to three flow problems with different difficulty levels: (a) general flow problems of simple fluids, (b) parallel (one-dimensional) flow problems of polymeric liquids, and (c) general (two- or three-dimensional) flow problems of polymeric liquids. In our multiscale methods, the local stress of each fluid element is calculated directly by performing microscopic or mesoscopic simulations according to the local flow quantities instead of using any constitutive relations. For simple fluids (a), such as the Lenard-Jones liquid, a multiscale method combining MD and CFD simulations is developed based on the local equilibrium assumption without memories of the flow history. (b), the multiscale method is extended to take into account the memory effects that arise in hydrodynamic stress due to the slow relaxation of polymer-chain conformations. The memory of polymer dynamics on each fluid element is thus resolved by performing MD simulations in which cells are fixed at the mesh nodes of the CFD simulations.For general (two- or three-dimensional) flow problems of polymeric liquids (c), it is necessary to trace the history of microscopic information such as polymer-chain conformation, which carries the memories of past flow history, along the streamline of each fluid element. A Lagrangian-based CFD is thus implemented to correctly advect the polymer-chain conformation consistently with the flow. On each fluid element, coarse-grained polymer simulations are carried out to consider the dynamics of entangled polymer chains that show extremely slow relaxation compared to microscopic time scales.

Takahiro Murashima; Takashi Taniguchi; Ryoichi Yamamoto; Shugo Yasuda

2011-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

436

The transition from two phase bubble flow to slug flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The process of transition from bubble to slug flow in a vertical pipe has been studied analytically and experimentally. An equation is presented which gives the agglomeration time as a function of void fraction, channel ...

Radovcich, Nick A.

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Flow distribution channels to control flow in process channels  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention describes features that can be used to control flow to an array of microchannels. The invention also describes methods in which a process stream is distributed to plural microchannels.

Tonkovich, Anna Lee; Arora, Ravi; Kilanowski, David

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

438

Phase distribution measurements in narrow rectangular channels using image-processing techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phase distribution of air-water flow in a narrow rectangular channel is examined using image-processing techniques. Ink is added to the water, and clear channel walls were used to allow high-speed, still photographs and video tape to be taken of the air-water flow field. Flow field images are digitized and stored in a Macintosh IIci computer using a frame grabber board. Local grey levels are related to liquid thickness in the flow channel using a calibration fixture. Image-processing shareware is used to calculate the spatially averaged liquid thickness from the image of the flow field. Time-averaged spatial liquid distributions are calculated using image calculation algorithms. The spatially averaged liquid distribution is calculated from the time-averaged spatial liquid distribution to formulate the combined temporally and spatially averaged liquid fraction values. The temporally and spatially averaged liquid fractions measured using this technique compare well to those predicted from pressure gradient measurements at zero superficial liquid velocity. 11 refs.

Bentley, C.L.; Ruggles, A.E.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Polarization transfer NMR imaging  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) image is obtained with spatial information modulated by chemical information. The modulation is obtained through polarization transfer from a first element representing the desired chemical, or functional, information, which is covalently bonded and spin-spin coupled with a second element effective to provide the imaging data. First and second rf pulses are provided at first and second frequencies for exciting the imaging and functional elements, with imaging gradients applied therebetween to spatially separate the nuclei response for imaging. The second rf pulse is applied at a time after the first pulse which is the inverse of the spin coupling constant to select the transfer element nuclei which are spin coupled to the functional element nuclei for imaging. In a particular application, compounds such as glucose, lactate, or lactose, can be labeled with .sup.13 C and metabolic processes involving the compounds can be imaged with the sensitivity of .sup.1 H and the selectivity of .sup.13 C.

Sillerud, Laurel O. (Los Alamos, NM); van Hulsteyn, David B. (Santa Fe, NM)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Gas flow characterization of restrictive flow orifice devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A restrictive flow orifice (RFO) can be used to limit the uncontrolled release of system media upon component or line failure in a gas handling system and can thereby enhance the system safety. This report describes a new RFO product available from the Swagelok Companies and specifies the gas flow characteristics of this device. A family of four different sizes of RFO devices is documented.

Shrouf, R.G. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Safety Engineering Dept.; Page, S.R. [Albuquerque Valve and Fitting Co., NM (United States)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow diagram image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Insertable fluid flow passage bridgepiece and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fluid flow passage bridgepiece for insertion into an open-face fluid flow channel of a fluid flow plate is provided. The bridgepiece provides a sealed passage from a columnar fluid flow manifold to the flow channel, thereby preventing undesirable leakage into and out of the columnar fluid flow manifold. When deployed in the various fluid flow plates that are used in a Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cell, bridgepieces of this invention prevent mixing of reactant gases, leakage of coolant or humidification water, and occlusion of the fluid flow channel by gasket material. The invention also provides a fluid flow plate assembly including an insertable bridgepiece, a fluid flow plate adapted for use with an insertable bridgepiece, and a method of manufacturing a fluid flow plate with an insertable fluid flow passage bridgepiece.

Jones, Daniel O. (Glenville, NV)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Nuclear medicine imaging system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

It is an object of this invention to provide a nuclear imaging system having the versatility to do positron annihilation studies, rotating single or opposed camera gamma emission studies, and orthogonal gamma emission studies. It is a further object of this invention to provide an imaging system having the capability for orthogonal dual multipinhole tomography. It is another object of this invention to provide a nuclear imaging system in which all available energy data, as well as patient physiological data, are acquired simultaneously in list mode.

Bennett, G.W.; Brill, A.B.; Bizais, Y.J.C.; Rowe, R.W.; Zubal, I.G.

1983-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

443

The effects of channel diameter on flow pattern, void fraction and pressure drop of two-phase air-water flow in circular micro-channels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two-phase air-water flow characteristics are experimentally investigated in horizontal circular micro-channels. Test sections are made of fused silica. The experiments are conducted based on three different inner diameters of 0.53, 0.22 and 0.15 mm with the corresponding lengths of 320, 120 and 104 mm, respectively. The test runs are done at superficial velocities of gas and liquid ranging between 0.37-42.36 and 0.005-3.04 m/s, respectively. The flow visualisation is facilitated by systems mainly including stereozoom microscope and high-speed camera. The flow regime maps developed from the observed flow patterns are presented. The void fractions are determined based on image analysis. New correlation for two-phase frictional multiplier is also proposed for practical applications. (author)

Saisorn, Sira [Energy Division, The Joint Graduate School of Energy and Environment (JGSEE), King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, Bangmod, Bangkok 10140 (Thailand); Wongwises, Somchai [Fluid Mechanics, Thermal Engineering and Multiphase Flow Research Lab. (FUTURE), Department of Mechanical Engineering, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, Bangmod, Bangkok 10140 (Thailand)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

444

Capillary flows in flexible structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interactions between capillary and elastic effects are relevant to a variety of applications, from micro- and nano-scale manufacturing to biological systems. In this thesis, we investigate capillary flows in extremely ...

Hoberg, Theresa B. (Theresa Blinn)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

2007 Estimated International Energy Flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An energy flow chart or 'atlas' for 136 countries has been constructed from data maintained by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and estimates of energy use patterns for the year 2007. Approximately 490 exajoules (460 quadrillion BTU) of primary energy are used in aggregate by these countries each year. While the basic structure of the energy system is consistent from country to country, patterns of resource use and consumption vary. Energy can be visualized as it flows from resources (i.e. coal, petroleum, natural gas) through transformations such as electricity generation to end uses (i.e. residential, commercial, industrial, transportation). These flow patterns are visualized in this atlas of 136 country-level energy flow charts.

Smith, C A; Belles, R D; Simon, A J

2011-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

446

particle flow for nonlinear filters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

particle flow for nonlinear filters Fred Daum 19 June 2012 Copyright © 2012 Raytheon Company. All rights reserved. Customer Success Is Our Mission is a trademark of Raytheon Company. 1 #12;discrete time

Dobigeon, Nicolas

447

Fluid Flow Modeling in Fractures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we study fluid flow in fractures using numerical simulation and address the challenging issue of hydraulic property characterization in fractures. The methodology is based on Computational Fluid Dynamics, ...

Sarkar, Sudipta

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Mechanical design of flow batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this research is to investigate the design of low-cost, high-efficiency flow batteries. Researchers are searching for next-generation battery materials, and this thesis presents a systems analysis encompassing ...

Hopkins, Brandon J. (Brandon James)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Field Flows of Dark Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Field Flows of Dark Energy Robert N. Cahn, Roland de Putter,July 8, 2008) Scalar ?eld dark energy evolving from a longthe key aspects of the dark energy evolution during much of

Cahn, Robert N.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Longitudinal dispersion in vegetated flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vegetation is ubiquitous in rivers, estuaries and wetlands, strongly influencing both water conveyance and mass transport. The plant canopy affects both mean and turbulent flow structure, and thus both advection and ...

Murphy, Enda

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Pipe Flow System Holly Guest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

numbers #12;Pipe Flow System Form #12;Components Form Fitting Loss Coefficient, k Globe valve, fully open 10 Angle valve, fully open 5 Swing check valve, fully open 2.5 Gate valve, fully open .2 Shortradius

Clement, Prabhakar

452

Multiscale modeling in granular flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Granular materials are common in everyday experience, but have long-resisted a complete theoretical description. Here, we consider the regime of slow, dense granular flow, for which there is no general model, representing ...

Rycroft, Christopher Harley

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Subcooled flow boiling of fluorocarbons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A study was conducted of heat transfer and hydrodynamic behavior for subcooled flow boiling of Freon-113, one of a group of fluorocarbons suitable for use in cooling of high-power-density electronic components. Problems ...

Murphy, Richard Walter

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Minimum Stream Flow Standards (Connecticut)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

These regulations apply to all dams and structures which impound or divert waters on rivers or their tributaries, with some exceptions. The regulations set standards for minimum flow (listed in the...

455

Automation of radiochemical analysis by applying flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of detection systems, including scintillation counting, a-spectrometers, proportional counters, mass spectrometry and spectrophotometry. ™ 2010 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Keywords: Flow-analysis technique; Flow

SŠnchez, David

456

MODERN DEVELOPMENTS IN MULTIPHASE FLOW & HEAT TRANSFER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MODERN DEVELOPMENTS IN MULTIPHASE FLOW & HEAT TRANSFER "ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS OF FRACTAL and multiphase flow & heat transfer will be stressed. This paper will begin by reviewing some important concepts

Lahey, Richard T.

457

Colorado: Isothermal Battery Calorimeter Quantifies Heat Flow...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Isothermal Battery Calorimeter Quantifies Heat Flow, Helps Make Safer, Longer-lasting Batteries Colorado: Isothermal Battery Calorimeter Quantifies Heat Flow, Helps Make Safer,...

458

TOPOGRAPHIC DATA FOR DEBRIS FLOWS -IMPLICATIONS FOR PLANETARY MODELING Bulmer, M.H., 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

geomorphic agents on the ter- restrial planets. Viking images revealed deposits that have been interpreted of the steeper slopes (slope >10¬į). Meters of weathered residual materials overlie bedrock at the base of steep formed the Generals slide debris flow deposits. The actual number is unknown, but there are several

Bourke, Mary C.

459

Far-Red Fluorescent Protein Excitable with Red Lasers for Flow Cytometry and Superresolution STED Nanoscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Far-Red Fluorescent Protein Excitable with Red Lasers for Flow Cytometry and Superresolution STED Biology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut ABSTRACT Far-red fluorescent proteins are required for deep-tissue and whole-animal imaging and multicolor labeling in the red wavelength range

Verkhusha, Vladislav V.

460

ROTATIONAL AND VIBRATIONAL RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY FOR FLOW FROM AN UNDEREXPANDED JET NOZZLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will be carried out using roational-vibrational Raman line imaging through the axis of the jet exhaust. In this way measurements of the flow field under high pressure, temperature, and velocity can be made without disrupting it. Because of the increasing push...

Bayeh, Alexander

2008-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow diagram image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Equidistribution results for geodesic flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the works of Ma\\~n\\'e \\cite{Ma} and Paternain \\cite{Pat} we study the distribution of geodesic arcs with respect to equilibrium states of the geodesic flow on a closed manifold, equipped with a $\\mathcal{C}^{\\infty}$ Riemannian metric. We prove large deviations lower and upper bounds and a contraction principle for the geodesic flow in the space of probability measures of the unit tangent bundle. We deduce a way of approximating equilibrium states for continuous potentials.

Abdelhamid Amroun

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

462

Image portion identification methods, image parsing methods, image parsing systems, and articles of manufacture  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Image portion identification methods, image parsing methods, image parsing systems, and articles of manufacture are described. According to one embodiment, an image portion identification method includes accessing data regarding an image depicting a plurality of biological substrates corresponding to at least one biological sample and indicating presence of at least one biological indicator within the biological sample and, using processing circuitry, automatically identifying a portion of the image depicting one of the biological substrates but not others of the biological substrates.

Lassahn, Gordon D.; Lancaster, Gregory D.; Apel, William A.; Thompson, Vicki S.

2013-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

463

Photothermal imaging scanning microscopy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Photothermal Imaging Scanning Microscopy produces a rapid, thermal-based, non-destructive characterization apparatus. Also, a photothermal characterization method of surface and subsurface features includes micron and nanoscale spatial resolution of meter-sized optical materials.

Chinn, Diane (Pleasanton, CA); Stolz, Christopher J. (Lathrop, CA); Wu, Zhouling (Pleasanton, CA); Huber, Robert (Discovery Bay, CA); Weinzapfel, Carolyn (Tracy, CA)

2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

464

JOB OPPORTUNITIES Breast imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Genitourinary Radiology Head and Neck Radiology Musculoskeletal Radiology Neuroradiology Pediatric RadiologyJOB OPPORTUNITIES Breast imaging Chest Radiology Emergency Radiology Gastrointestinal Radiology Interventional Radiology Nuclear Radiology Radiation Oncology What Can I Do With a Major in... Radiological

Jiang, Huiqiang

465

THERMAL NEUTRON BACKSCATTER IMAGING.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Objects of various shapes, with some appreciable hydrogen content, were exposed to fast neutrons from a pulsed D-T generator, resulting in a partially-moderated spectrum of backscattered neutrons. The thermal component of the backscatter was used to form images of the objects by means of a coded aperture thermal neutron imaging system. Timing signals from the neutron generator were used to gate the detection system so as to record only events consistent with thermal neutrons traveling the distance between the target and the detector. It was shown that this time-of-flight method provided a significant improvement in image contrast compared to counting all events detected by the position-sensitive {sup 3}He proportional chamber used in the imager. The technique may have application in the detection and shape-determination of land mines, particularly non-metallic types.

VANIER,P.; FORMAN,L.; HUNTER,S.; HARRIS,E.; SMITH,G.

2004-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

466

Overview of Image Reconstruction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Image reconstruction (or computerized tomography, etc.) is any process whereby a function, f, on Rn is estimated from empirical data pertaining to its integrals, ∫f(x) dx, for some collection of hyperplanes of dimension k < n. The paper begins with background information on how image reconstruction problems have arisen in practice, and describes some of the application areas of past or current interest; these include radioastronomy, optics, radiology and nuclear medicine, electron microscopy, acoustical imaging, geophysical tomography, nondestructive testing, and NMR zeugmatography. Then the various reconstruction algorithms are discussed in five classes: summation, or simple back-projection; convolution, or filtered back-projection; Fourier and other functional transforms; orthogonal function series expansion; and iterative methods. Certain more technical mathematical aspects of image reconstruction are considered from the standpoint of uniqueness, consistency, and stability of solution. The paper concludes by presenting certain open problems. 73 references. (RWR)

Marr, R.B.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Singularities of massless planar diagrams, large-N_c mesons in 3+1 dimensions, and the 't Hooft model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the singular Landau surfaces of planar diagrams contributing to scattering of a massless quark and antiquark in 3+1 dimensions. In particular, we look at singularities which remain after integration with respect to the various angular degrees of freedom. We derive a general relation between these singularities and the singularities of quark- antiquark scattering in 1+1 dimensions. We then classify all Landau surfaces of the 1+1 dimensional system. Combining these results, we deduce that the singular surfaces of the angle- integrated 3+1 dimensional amplitude must satisfy at least one of three conditions, which we call the planar light-cone conditions. We discuss the extension of our results to non-perturbative processes by means of the non-perturbative operator product expansion. Our findings offer new insights into the connection between the 't Hooft model and large-N_c mesons in 3+1 dimensions and may prove useful in studies of confinement in relativistic meson systems.

Dean Lee

1997-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

468

Subcritical dynamos in shear flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Identifying generic physical mechanisms responsible for the generation of magnetic fields and turbulence in differentially rotating flows is fundamental to understand the dynamics of astrophysical objects such as accretion disks and stars. In this paper, we discuss the concept of subcritical dynamo action and its hydrodynamic analogue exemplified by the process of nonlinear transition to turbulence in non-rotating wall-bounded shear flows. To illustrate this idea, we describe some recent results on nonlinear hydrodynamic transition to turbulence and nonlinear dynamo action in rotating shear flows pertaining to the problem of turbulent angular momentum transport in accretion disks. We argue that this concept is very generic and should be applicable to many astrophysical problems involving a shear flow and non-axisymmetric instabilities of shear-induced axisymmetric toroidal velocity or magnetic fields, such as Kelvin-Helmholtz, magnetorotational, Tayler or global magnetoshear instabilities. In the light of several recent numerical results, we finally suggest that, similarly to a standard linear instability, subcritical MHD dynamo processes in high-Reynolds number shear flows could act as a large-scale driving mechanism of turbulent flows that would in turn generate an independent small-scale dynamo.

F. Rincon; G. I. Ogilvie; M. R. E. Proctor; C. Cossu

2008-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

469

Reflective optical imaging system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical system compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) radiation comprising four reflective elements for projecting a mask image onto a substrate. The four optical elements are characterized in order from object to image as convex, concave, convex and concave mirrors. The optical system is particularly suited for step and scan lithography methods. The invention increases the slit dimensions associated with ringfield scanning optics, improves wafer throughput and allows higher semiconductor device density.

Shafer, David R. (Fairfield, CT)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Pressure and flow characteristics of restrictive flow orifice devices.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Restrictive Flow Orifice (RFO) can be used to enhance the safe design of a pressure system in several ways. Pressure systems frequently incorporate a regulator and relief valve to protect the downstream equipment from accidental overpressure caused by regulator failure. Analysis frequently shows that in cases of high-flow regulator failure, the downstream pressure may rise significantly above the set pressure of the relief valve. This is due to limited flow capacity of the relief valve. A different regulator or relief valve may need to be selected. A more economical solution to this problem is to use an RFO to limit the maximum system flow to acceptable limits within the flow capacity of the relief valve, thereby enhancing the overpressure protection of laboratory equipment. An RFO can also be used to limit the uncontrolled release of system fluid (gas or liquid) upon component or line failure. As an example, potential asphyxiation hazards resultant from the release of large volumes of inert gas from a 'house' nitrogen system can be controlled by the use of an RFO. This report describes a versatile new Sandia-designed RFO available from the Swagelok Company and specifies the gas flow characteristics of this device. Two sizes, 0.010 and 0.020 inch diameter RFOs are available. These sizes will allow enhanced safety for many common applications. This new RFO design are now commercially available and provide advantages over existing RFOs: a high pressure rating (6600 psig); flow through the RFO is equal for either forward or reverse directions; they minimize the potential for leakage by incorporating the highest quality threaded connections; and can enhance the safety of pressure systems.

Shrouf, Roger D.

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Measurements of Gas Bubble Size Distributions in Flowing Liquid Mercury  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ABSTRACT Pressure waves created in liquid mercury pulsed spallation targets have been shown to induce cavitation damage on the target container. One way to mitigate such damage would be to absorb the pressure pulse energy into a dispersed population of small bubbles, however, measuring such a population in mercury is difficult since it is opaque and the mercury is involved in a turbulent flow. Ultrasonic measurements have been attempted on these types of flows, but the flow noise can interfere with the measurement, and the results are unverifiable and often unrealistic. Recently, a flow loop was built and operated at Oak Ridge National Labarotory to assess the capability of various bubbler designs to deliver an adequate population of bubbles to mitigate cavitation damage. The invented diagnostic technique involves flowing the mercury with entrained gas bubbles in a steady state through a horizontal piping section with a glass-window observation port located on the top. The mercury flow is then suddenly stopped and the bubbles are allowed to settle on the glass due to buoyancy. Using a bright-field illumination and a high-speed camera, the arriving bubbles are detected and counted, and then the images can be processed to determine the bubble populations. After using this technique to collect data on each bubbler, bubble size distributions were built for the purpose of quantifying bubbler performance, allowing the selection of the best bubbler options. This paper presents the novel procedure, photographic technique, sample visual results and some example bubble size distributions. The best bubbler options were subsequently used in proton beam irradiation tests performed at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. The cavitation damage results from the irradiated test plates in contact with the mercury are available for correlation with the bubble populations. The most effective mitigating population can now be designed into prototypical geometries for implementation into an actual SNS target.

Wendel, Mark W [ORNL; Riemer, Bernie [ORNL; Abdou, Ashraf A [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Restoring functional PET Images using Anatomical MR Images  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Restoring functional PET Images using Anatomical MR Images Peter Alshede Philipsen, Ulrik Kjems,uk,pto,lkh@imm.dtu.dk Abstract In this paper we present a Bayesian method to enhance functional 3D PET images using apriori as a true PET­MR result, and further more show how to obtain the desired information from the MR images. 1

Mosegaard, Klaus

473

Flows and Waves in Braided Solar Coronal Magnetic Structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the high frequency dynamics in the braided magnetic structure of an active region (AR 11520) moss as observed by High-Resolution Coronal Imager (Hi-C). We detect quasi periodic flows and waves in these structures. We search for high frequency dynamics while looking at power maps of the observed region. We find that shorter periodicites (30 - 60 s) are associated with small spatial scales which can be resolved by Hi-C only. We detect quasi periodic flows with wide range of velocities from 13 - 185 km/s associated with braided regions. This can be interpreted as plasma outflows from reconnection sites. We also find presence of short period and large amplitude transverse oscillations associated with braided magnetic region. Such oscillations could be triggered by reconnection or such oscillation may trigger reconnection.

Pant, V; Banerjee, Dipankar

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

MPSalsa 3D Simulations of Chemically Reacting Flows  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Many important scientific and engineering applications require a detailed analysis of complex systems with coupled fluid flow, thermal energy transfer, mass transfer and nonequilibrium chemical reactions. Currently, computer simulations of these complex reacting flow problems are limited to idealized systems in one or two spatial dimensions when coupled with a detailed, fundamental chemistry model. The goal of our research is to develop, analyze and implement advanced MP numerical algorithms that will allow high resolution 3D simulations with an equal emphasis on fluid flow and chemical kinetics modeling. In our research, we focus on the development of new, fully coupled, implicit solution strategies that are based on robust MP iterative solution methods (copied from http://www.cs.sandia.gov/CRF/MPSalsa/). These simulations are needed for scientific and technical areas such as: combustion research for transportation, atmospheric chemistry modeling for pollution studies, chemically reacting flow models for analysis and control of manufacturing processes, surface catalytic reactors for methane to methanol conversion and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process modeling for production of advanced semiconductor materials (http://www.cs.sandia.gov/CRF/MPSalsa/).

This project website provides six QuickTime videos of these simulations, along with a small image gallery and slideshow animations. A list of related publications and conference presentations is also made available.

475

Stochastic models for turbulent reacting flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this program is to develop and apply stochastic models of various processes occurring within turbulent reacting flows in order to identify the fundamental mechanisms governing these flows, to support experimental studies of these flows, and to further the development of comprehensive turbulent reacting flow models.

Kerstein, A. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Flow Duration Curve Load Duration Curve  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flow Duration Curve Load Duration Curve 1. Develop Flow Duration Curve 2. Estimate load given flow and concentration data--select appropriate conversion factors 3. Develop Load Duration Curve 4. Plot observed data with Load Duration Curve What are they? How do you make one? Describes the percent of time a flow rate

477

SHORT-TUBE SUBCRITICAL FLOW Enerag Division  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;SHORT-TUBE SUBCRITICAL FLOW Y. C. Mei Enerag Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge-tube subcritical flow. For short tubes used as refrigerant expansion devices, the orifice model is found inadequate-TUBE SUBCRITICAL FLOW INTRODUCTION Much theoretical and experimental work regarding short tube fluid flow has

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

478

Red blood cells and other non-spherical capsules in shear flow: oscillatory dynamics and the tank-treading-to-tumbling transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the motion of red blood cells and other non-spherical microcapsules dilutely suspended in a simple shear flow. Our analysis indicates that depending on the viscosity, membrane elasticity, geometry and shear rate, the particle exhibits either tumbling, tank-treading of the membrane about the viscous interior with periodic oscillations of the orientation angle, or intermittent behavior in which the two modes occur alternately. For red blood cells, we compute the complete phase diagram and identify a novel tank-treading-to-tumbling transition at low shear rates. Observations of such motions coupled with our theoretical framework may provide a sensitive means of assessing capsule properties.

J. M. Skotheim; T. W. Secomb

2006-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

479

MORT User's Manual for use with the Management Oversight and Risk Tree analytical logic diagram. [Contains a list of System Safety Development Center publications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains the User's Manual for MORT (Management Oversight and Risk Tree), a logic diagram in the form of a work sheet'' that illustrates a long series of interrelated questions. MORT is a comprehensive analytical procedure that provides a disciplined method for determining the causes and contributing factors of major accidents. Alternatively, it serves as a tool to evaluate the quality of an existing system. While similar in many respects to fault tree analysis, MORT is more generalized and presents over 1,500 specific elements of an ideal universal'' management program for optimizing environment, safety and health, and other programs. This User's Manual is intended to be used with the MORT diagram dated February 1992.

Knox, N.W.; Eicher, R.W.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Mach flow angularity probes for scramjet engine flow path diagnostics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mach-flow angularity (MFA) probes were developed for use in scramjet flow path probe rakes. Prototype probes were fabricated to demonstrate the assembly processes (numerical control machining, furnace brazing, and electron beam welding). Tests of prototype probes confirmed the thermal durability margins and life cycle. Selected probes were calibrated in air at Mach numbers from 1.75 to 6.0. Acceptance criteria for the production probes stressed thermal durability and pressure (and, consequently, Mach number) measurement quality. This new water-cooled MFA probe has 0.397-cm shaft diameter and is capable of withstanding heat fluxes of 2.724 kW/sq cm.

Jalbert, P.A.; Hiers, R.S. Jr. [Sverdrup Technology, Inc., Arnold AFS, TN (United States)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow diagram image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Can the Feynman-Hellmann theorem be used to separate the connected- and disconnected-diagram contributions to the nucleon sigma term ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent lattice QCD studies, the Feynman-Hellmann theorem is often used to estimate separate contributions of the connected and disconnected diagrams to the nucleon sigma term. We demonstrate through a simple analysis within an effective model of QCD why this could be dangerous although the theorem is naturally expected to hold for the sum of the two contributions, i.e. the net nucleon sigma term.

M. Wakamatsu; H. Tsujimoto

2009-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

482

MEASURING GALAXY STAR FORMATION RATES FROM INTEGRATED PHOTOMETRY: INSIGHTS FROM COLOR-MAGNITUDE DIAGRAMS OF RESOLVED STARS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We use empirical star formation histories (SFHs), measured from Hubble-Space-Telescope-based resolved star color-magnitude diagrams, as input into population synthesis codes to model the broadband spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of 50 nearby dwarf galaxies (6.5 < log M{sub *}/M{sub Sun} < 8.5, with metallicities {approx}10% solar). In the presence of realistic SFHs, we compare the modeled and observed SEDs from the ultraviolet (UV) through near-infrared and assess the reliability of widely used UV-based star formation rate (SFR) indicators. In the FUV through i bands, we find that the observed and modeled SEDs are in excellent agreement. In the Spitzer 3.6 {mu}m and 4.5 {mu}m bands, we find that modeled SEDs systematically overpredict observed luminosities by up to {approx}0.2 dex, depending on treatment of the TP-AGB stars in the synthesis models. We assess the reliability of UV luminosity as a SFR indicator, in light of independently constrained SFHs. We find that fluctuations in the SFHs alone can cause factor of {approx}2 variations in the UV luminosities relative to the assumption of a constant SFH over the past 100 Myr. These variations are not strongly correlated with UV-optical colors, implying that correcting UV-based SFRs for the effects of realistic SFHs is difficult using only the broadband SED. Additionally, for this diverse sample of galaxies, we find that stars older than 100 Myr can contribute from <5%-100% of the present day UV luminosity, highlighting the challenges in defining a characteristic star formation timescale associated with UV emission. We do find a relationship between UV emission timescale and broadband UV-optical color, though it is different than predictions based on exponentially declining SFH models. Our findings have significant implications for the comparison of UV-based SFRs across low-metallicity populations with diverse SFHs.

Johnson, Benjamin D. [Institute d'Astrophysique de Paris, CNRS, UPMC, 98bis Bd Arago, F-75014 Paris (France); Weisz, Daniel R.; Dalcanton, Julianne J.; Johnson, L. C.; Williams, Benjamin F. [Department of Astronomy, Box 351580, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Dale, Daniel A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071 (United States); Dolphin, Andrew E. [Raytheon, 1151 E. Hermans Road, Tucson, AZ 85756 (United States); Gil de Paz, Armando [CEI Campus Moncloa, UCM-UPM, Departamento de Astrofisica y CC. de la Atmosfera, Facultad de CC. Fisicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Avda. Complutense s/n, E-28040 Madrid (Spain); Kennicutt, Robert C. Jr. [Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA (United Kingdom); Lee, Janice C. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Skillman, Evan D. [Department of Astronomy, University of Minnesota, 116 Church Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States); Boquien, Mederic [Marseille Universite, CNRS, LAM (Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille) UMR 7326, F-13388 Marseille (France)

2013-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

483

The Ultraviolet-Optical Color-Magnitude Diagram III: Constraints on Evolution from the Blue to Red Sequence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a new quantity, the mass flux density of galaxies evolving from the blue sequence to the red sequence. We propose a simple technique for constraining this mass flux using the volume corrected number density in the extinction-corrected UV-optical color magnitude distribution, the stellar age indexes H-delta-a and D_n(4000), and a simple prescription for spectral evolution using a quenched star formation history. We exploit the excellent separation of red and blue sequences in the NUV-r band color-magnitude diagram. The final value we measure, 0.033 M_sun yr^-1 Mpc^-3, is strictly speaking an upper limit due to the possible contributions of bursting, composite, and extincted galaxies. However, it compares favorably with estimates of the average mass flux that we make based on the red luminosity function evolution derived from the DEEPII and COMBO-17 surveys (Bell et al 2004; Faber et al. 2005), 0.034 M_sun yr^-1 Mpc^-3. We find that the blue sequence mass has remained roughly constant since z=1 (mass flux 0.01 M_sun yr^-1 Mpc^-3) but the average on-going star formation of 0.037$ M_sun yr^-1 Mpc^-3 over 0

D. Christopher Martin; Ted K. Wyder; David Schiminovich; Tom A. Barlow; Karl Forster; Peter G. Friedman; Patrick Morrissey; Susan G. Neff; Mark Seibert; Todd Small; Barry Y. Welsh; Luciana Bianchi; Jose Donas; Timothy M. Heckman; Young-Wook Lee; Barry F. Madore; Bruno Milliard; R. Michael Rich; Alex S. Szalay; Sukyoung K. Yi

2007-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

484

Hopper System Diagram  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickr FlickrGuidedCH2MLLC HistoryVeterans | NationalFileOptimizationSystem

485

Level Diagram Format Choice  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 LawrenceE C HLester toRecalcitrantWhich format

486

Mirrored serpentine flow channels for fuel cell  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A PEM fuel cell having serpentine flow field channels wherein the input/inlet legs of each channel border the input/inlet legs of the next adjacent channels in the same flow field, and the output/exit legs of each channel border the output/exit legs of the next adjacent channels in the same flow field. The serpentine fuel flow channels may be longer, and may contain more medial legs, than the serpentine oxidant flow channels.

Rock, Jeffrey Allan (Rochester, NY)

2000-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

487

Pressure compensated flow control valve  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is an air flow control valve which is capable of maintaining a constant flow at the outlet despite changes in the inlet or outlet pressure. The device consists of a shell assembly with an inlet chamber and outlet chamber separated by a separation plate. The chambers are connected by an orifice. Also located within the inlet chamber is a port controller assembly. The port controller assembly consists of a differential pressure plate and port cap affixed thereon. The cap is able to slide in and out of the orifice separating the inlet and outlet chambers. When the pressure differential is sufficient, the differential pressure plate rises or falls to maintain a constant air flow. Movement of the port controller assembly does not require the use of seals, diaphragms, tight tolerances, bushings, bearings, hinges, guides, or lubricants.

Minteer, Daniel J. (West Richland, WA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Measuring water velocity using DIDSON and image cross-correlation techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To design or operate hydroelectric facilities for maximum power generation and minimum ecological impact, it is critical to understand the biological responses of fish to different flow structures. However, information is still lacking on the relationship between fish behavior and flow structures despite many years of research. Existing field characterization approaches conduct fish behavior studies and flow measurements separately and coupled later using statistical analysis. These types of studies, however, lack a way to determine the specific hydraulic conditions or the specific causes of the biological response. The Dual-Frequency Identification Sonar (DIDSON) has been in wide use for fish behavior studies since 1999. The DIDSON can detect acoustic targets at long ranges in dark or turbid dark water. PIV is a state-of-the-art, non-intrusive, whole-flow-field technique, providing instantaneous velocity vector measurements in a whole plane using image cross-correlating techniques. There has been considerable research in the development of image processing techniques associated with PIV. This existing body of knowledge is applicable and can be used to process the images taken by the DIDSON. This study was conducted in a water flume which is 9 m long, 1.2 m wide, and 1.2 m deep when filled with water. A lab jet flow was setup as the benchmark flow to calibrate DIDSON images. The jet nozzle was 6.35 cm in diameter and core jet velocity was 1.52 m/s. Different particles were used to seed the flow. The flow was characterized based on the results using Laser Doppler Velocimetry (LDV). A DIDSON was mounted about 5 meters away from the jet nozzle. Consecutive DIDSON images with known time delay were divided into small interrogation spots after background was subtracted. Across-correlation was then performed to estimate the velocity vector for each interrogation spot. The estimated average velocity in the core zone was comparable to that obtained using a LDV. This proof-of-principle project demonstrated the feasibility of extracting water flow velocity information from underwater DIDSON images using image cross-correlation techniques.

Deng, Zhiqun; Mueller, Robert P.; Richmond, Marshall C.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Multispectral imaging probe  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multispectral imaging probe delivers a range of wavelengths of excitation light to a target and collects a range of expressed light wavelengths. The multispectral imaging probe is adapted for mobile use and use in confined spaces, and is sealed against the effects of hostile environments. The multispectral imaging probe comprises a housing that defines a sealed volume that is substantially sealed from the surrounding environment. A beam splitting device mounts within the sealed volume. Excitation light is directed to the beam splitting device, which directs the excitation light to a target. Expressed light from the target reaches the beam splitting device along a path coaxial with the path traveled by the excitation light from the beam splitting device to the target. The beam splitting device directs expressed light to a collection subsystem for delivery to a detector.

Sandison, David R. (Moriarty, NM); Platzbecker, Mark R. (Albuquerque, NM); Descour, Michael R. (Tucson, AZ); Armour, David L. (Albuquerque, NM); Craig, Marcus J. (Albuquerque, NM); Richards-Kortum, Rebecca (Austin, TX)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Multispectral imaging probe  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multispectral imaging probe delivers a range of wavelengths of excitation light to a target and collects a range of expressed light wavelengths. The multispectral imaging probe is adapted for mobile use and use in confined spaces, and is sealed against the effects of hostile environments. The multispectral imaging probe comprises a housing that defines a sealed volume that is substantially sealed from the surrounding environment. A beam splitting device mounts within the sealed volume. Excitation light is directed to the beam splitting device, which directs the excitation light to a target. Expressed light from the target reaches the beam splitting device along a path coaxial with the path traveled by the excitation light from the beam splitting device to the target. The beam splitting device directs expressed light to a collection subsystem for delivery to a detector. 8 figs.

Sandison, D.R.; Platzbecker, M.R.; Descour, M.R.; Armour, D.L.; Craig, M.J.; Richards-Kortum, R.

1999-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

491

Variable waveband infrared imager  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A waveband imager includes an imaging pixel that utilizes photon tunneling with a thermally actuated bimorph structure to convert infrared radiation to visible radiation. Infrared radiation passes through a transparent substrate and is absorbed by a bimorph structure formed with a pixel plate. The absorption generates heat which deflects the bimorph structure and pixel plate towards the substrate and into an evanescent electric field generated by light propagating through the substrate. Penetration of the bimorph structure and pixel plate into the evanescent electric field allows a portion of the visible wavelengths propagating through the substrate to tunnel through the substrate, bimorph structure, and/or pixel plate as visible radiation that is proportional to the intensity of the incident infrared radiation. This converted visible radiation may be superimposed over visible wavelengths passed through the imaging pixel.

Hunter, Scott R.

2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

492

Connectivity due to preferential flow controls water flow and solute transport at the hillslope scale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

feedback, flow through the fractured bedrock, kinematic wave routing and flow through discrete preferentialConnectivity due to preferential flow controls water flow and solute transport at the hillslope the major controls on water flow and solute transport at the hillslope scale remains a major topic

Weiler, Markus

493

Rheo-optical determination of flow birefringence and flow dichroism with the pulsed laser method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rheo-optical determination of flow birefringence and flow dichroism with the pulsed laser method online 29 August 2006 Rheo-optical measurements of the flow birefringence, flow dichroism systems under flow. However, the standard setup of an optical train, using phase modulation for the rheo-optical

494

Interfacial flows in corrugated microchannels: flow regimes, transitions and hysteresis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1266-1276 (2011), doi:10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2011.08.003 #12;model, microfluidics, porous media 1 of displacing oil by water in enhanced oil recovery (Marle, 1981; Lenormand et al., 1988). More recently on hy- drodynamic principles and concrete flow mechanisms. In fact, conflicting assumptions have been

Feng, James J.

495

Nuclear reactor downcomer flow deflector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A nuclear reactor having a coolant flow deflector secured to a reactor core barrel in line with a coolant inlet nozzle. The flow deflector redirects incoming coolant down an annulus between the core barrel and the reactor vessel. The deflector has a main body with a front side facing the fluid inlet nozzle and a rear side facing the core barrel. The rear side of the main body has at least one protrusion secured to the core barrel so that a gap exists between the rear side of the main body adjacent the protrusion and the core barrel. Preferably, the protrusion is a relief that circumscribes the rear side of the main body.

Gilmore, Charles B. (Greensburg, PA); Altman, David A. (Pittsburgh, PA); Singleton, Norman R. (Murrysville, PA)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

496

High gas flow alpha detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An alpha detector for application in areas of high velocity gas flows, such as smokestacks and air vents. A plurality of spaced apart signal collectors are placed inside an enclosure, which would include smokestacks and air vents, in sufficient numbers to substantially span said enclosure so that gas ions generated within the gas flow are electrostatically captured by the signal collector means. Electrometer means and a voltage source are connected to the signal collectors to generate an electrical field between adjacent signal collectors, and to indicate a current produced through collection of the gas ions by the signal collectors. 4 figs.

Bolton, R.D.; Bounds, J.A.; Rawool-Sullivan, M.W.

1996-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

497

High gas flow alpha detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An alpha detector for application in areas of high velocity gas flows, such as smokestacks and air vents. A plurality of spaced apart signal collectors are placed inside an enclosure, which would include smokestacks and air vents, in sufficient numbers to substantially span said enclosure so that gas ions generated within the gas flow are electrostatically captured by the signal collector means. Electrometer means and a voltage source are connected to the signal collectors to generate an electrical field between adjacent signal collectors, and to indicate a current produced through collection of the gas ions by the signal collectors.

Bolton, Richard D. (Los Alamos, NM); Bounds, John A. (Los Alamos, NM); Rawool-Sullivan, Mohini W. (Los Alamos, NM)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Non-Newtonian fluid flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

zero and unity. The Ostwald- de Waele Equation (4), commonly known as the power law, is sometimes used to describe fluid behavior of this type. The rheological equation is (4) where the parameters "k" and "n" are constant for a particular fluid... be extended to include Reynolds numbers and the type of flow determined to be laminar and/or turbulent. It is assumed that the transition from laminar to turbulent flow occurs at a Reynolds number of 2100, the numeric distribution of Reynolds numbers...

Osinski, Charles Anthony

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Dynamo action in flows with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamo action in flows with cat's eyes A l i c e C o u r v o i s i e r A n d r e w G i l b e r t Y of k for R = 500 and the flow (2.4) and (2.5). nts k = 2.5 and k = 5 are highlighted. Magnetic field). In (a) k = 2.5 and we have 0.5 max Bz (with max Bz 0.6 max |B|), and in (b) k = 5 and the levels .65 max

Li, Yi

500

Identifying Webpage Regions and Their Roles by Combining Image Processing and Markup Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The World Wide Web is today a powerhouse of information. Webpages are an essential constituent of the web. Each of these webpages comprises of various regions, which are visual chunks containing one or more elements. In general, a region of a webpage... method that we have used is based on Edge Detection Ė an Image Processing based technique to detect areas in images with sudden change in 9 Figure 3. Work flow of the proposed method 10 brightness. It reduces the amount of data...

Singh, Sanjeev Kumar

2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z