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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow battery solution" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Redox flow batteries based on supporting solutions containing chloride  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Redox flow battery systems having a supporting solution that contains Cl.sup.- ions can exhibit improved performance and characteristics. Furthermore, a supporting solution having mixed SO.sub.4.sup.2- and Cl.sup.- ions can provide increased energy density and improved stability and solubility of one or more of the ionic species in the catholyte and/or anolyte. According to one example, a vanadium-based redox flow battery system is characterized by an anolyte having V.sup.2+ and V.sup.3+ in a supporting solution and a catholyte having V.sup.4+ and V.sup.5+ in a supporting solution. The supporting solution can contain Cl.sup.- ions or a mixture of SO.sub.4.sup.2- and Cl.sup.- ions.

Li, Liyu; Kim, Soowhan; Yang, Zhenguo; Wang, Wei; Zhang, Jianlu; Chen, Baowei; Nie, Zimin; Xia, Guanguang

2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

2

Workshop on electrodes for flowing solution batteries. Summary report  

SciTech Connect

The electrochemical technology of aqueous secondary cells with flowing electrolyte solutions was the subject of a workshop sponsored by EPRI with the cooperation of DOE. The workshop was held in Tampa, Florida, 5-7 November 1979, and was attended by a select group drawn from advanced battery developers, government agencies, universities, and research organizations. The workshop general objectives were to look at the significant parameters believed to govern the performance of the two basic types of electrodes now in use; namely, a porous flow-through electrode (PFTE), and an impervious flow-by electrode. Progress, problems, and prospects were informally discussed. Brief critical reviews were given by session chairmen as a means of introducing each of the key topics (Current Distribution in FTPE, Conversion Efficiency, Segmented FTPE Studies, General Discussion on FTPF Parameters, Surface Activation, Application of FTPE to Waste Recovery, Exxon Zinc-Bromine Flow-By System, FTPE In NASA Redox Energy Storage, and Application of FTPE In Lockheed Zinc/Ferricyanide Redox System). The interaction of this diverse group of engineers and scientists was said by all to be of great benefit in widening understanding of the problems and possible future approaches to new work. The main needs for future work that were identified in the final discussion session among the participants were: (1) engineering analysis, (2) porous structures, (3) materials characteristics, and (4) chemical characteristics. In generally comparing flow-through to flow-by electrodes, there were some surprising differences arising from experimental results that did not fit conventional thinking.

Nanis, L.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Colorado: Isothermal Battery Calorimeter Quantifies Heat Flow...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Isothermal Battery Calorimeter Quantifies Heat Flow, Helps Make Safer, Longer-lasting Batteries Colorado: Isothermal Battery Calorimeter Quantifies Heat Flow, Helps Make Safer,...

4

Redox Flow Batteries, a Review  

SciTech Connect

Redox flow batteries are enjoying a renaissance due to their ability to store large amounts of electrical energy relatively cheaply and efficiently. In this review, we examine the components of redox flow batteries with a focus on understanding the underlying physical processes. The various transport and kinetic phenomena are discussed along with the most common redox couples.

U. Tennessee Knoxville; U. Texas Austin; McGill U; Weber, Adam Z.; Mench, Matthew M.; Meyers, Jeremy P.; Ross, Philip N.; Gostick, Jeffrey T.; Liu, Qinghua

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

5

Lithium-Polysulfide Flow Battery Demonstration  

SciTech Connect

In this video, Stanford graduate student Wesley Zheng demonstrates the new low-cost, long-lived flow battery he helped create. The researchers created this miniature system using simple glassware. Adding a lithium polysulfide solution to the flask immediately produces electricity that lights an LED. A utility version of the new battery would be scaled up to store many megawatt-hours of energy.

Zheng, Wesley

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

6

Fe-V redox flow batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A redox flow battery having a supporting solution that includes Cl.sup.- anions is characterized by an anolyte having V.sup.2+ and V.sup.3+ in the supporting solution, a catholyte having Fe.sup.2+ and Fe.sup.3+ in the supporting solution, and a membrane separating the anolyte and the catholyte. The anolyte and catholyte can have V cations and Fe cations, respectively, or the anolyte and catholyte can each contain both V and Fe cations in a mixture. Furthermore, the supporting solution can contain a mixture of SO.sub.4.sup.2- and Cl.sup.- anions.

Li, Liyu; Kim, Soowhan; Yang, Zhenguo; Wang, Wei; Zhang, Jianlu; Chen, Baowei; Nie, Zimin; Xia, Guanguang

2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

7

Cascade redox flow battery systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A reduction/oxidation ("redox") flow battery system includes a series of electrochemical cells arranged in a cascade, whereby liquid electrolyte reacts in a first electrochemical cell (or group of cells) before being directed into a second cell (or group of cells) where it reacts before being directed to subsequent cells. The cascade includes 2 to n stages, each stage having one or more electrochemical cells. During a charge reaction, electrolyte entering a first stage will have a lower state-of-charge than electrolyte entering the nth stage. In some embodiments, cell components and/or characteristics may be configured based on a state-of-charge of electrolytes expected at each cascade stage. Such engineered cascades provide redox flow battery systems with higher energy efficiency over a broader range of current density than prior art arrangements.

Horne, Craig R.; Kinoshita, Kim; Hickey, Darren B.; Sha, Jay E.; Bose, Deepak

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

8

Redox Flow Batteries: An Engineering Perspective  

SciTech Connect

Redox flow batteries are well suited to provide modular and scalable energy storage systems for a wide range of energy storage applications. In this paper, we review the development of redox flow battery technology including recent advances in new redox active materials and systems. We discuss cost, performance, and reliability metrics that are critical for deployment of large flow battery systems. The technology, while relatively young, has the potential for significant improvement through reduced materials costs, improved energy and power efficiency, and significant reduction in the overall system cost.

Chalamala, Babu R.; Soundappan, Thiagarajan; Fisher, Graham R.; Anstey, Mitchell A.; Viswanathan, Vilayanur V.; Perry, Mike L.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Flow Battery System Design for Manufacturability.  

SciTech Connect

Flow battery energy storage systems can support renewable energy generation and increase energy efficiency. But, presently, the costs of flow battery energy storage systems can be a significant barrier for large-scale market penetration. For cost- effective systems to be produced, it is critical to optimize the selection of materials and components simultaneously with the adherence to requirements and manufacturing processes to allow these batteries and their manufacturers to succeed in the market by reducing costs to consumers. This report analyzes performance, safety, and testing requirements derived from applicable regulations as well as commercial and military standards that would apply to a flow battery energy storage system. System components of a zinc-bromine flow battery energy storage system, including the batteries, inverters, and control and monitoring system, are discussed relative to manufacturing. The issues addressed include costs and component availability and lead times. A service and support model including setup, maintenance and transportation is outlined, along with a description of the safety-related features of the example flow battery energy storage system to promote regulatory and environmental, safety, and health compliance in anticipation of scale manufacturing.

Montoya, Tracy Louise; Meacham, Paul Gregory; Perry, David; Broyles, Robin S.; Hickey, Steven; Hernandez, Jacquelynne

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Membrane-less hydrogen bromine flow battery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order for the widely discussed benefits of flow batteries for electrochemical energy storage to be applied at large scale, the cost of the electrochemical stack must come down substantially. One promising avenue for ...

Braff, William A.

11

Colorado: Isothermal Battery Calorimeter Quantifies Heat Flow, Helps Make Safer, Longer-lasting Batteries  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Partnered with NETZSCH, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed an Isothermal Battery Calorimeter (IBC) used to quantify heat flow in battery cells and modules.

12

Optimized Anion Exchange Membranes for Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

vanadium redox flow battery; anion exchange membrane; ion exchange capacity; cycling performance; power density ... All electrochemical measurements were conducted using a fully automated redox flow battery testing system (Scribner 857 Redox Flow Cell System). ... Characteristics of a new all-vanadium redox flow battery ...

Dongyang Chen; Michael A. Hickner; Ertan Agar; E. Caglan Kumbur

2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

13

Rebalancing electrolytes in redox flow battery systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Embodiments of redox flow battery rebalancing systems include a system for reacting an unbalanced flow battery electrolyte with a rebalance electrolyte in a first reaction cell. In some embodiments, the rebalance electrolyte may contain ferrous iron (Fe.sup.2+) which may be oxidized to ferric iron (Fe.sup.3+) in the first reaction cell. The reducing ability of the rebalance reactant may be restored in a second rebalance cell that is configured to reduce the ferric iron in the rebalance electrolyte back into ferrous iron through a reaction with metallic iron.

Chang, On Kok; Pham, Ai Quoc

2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

14

Advanced Redox Flow Batteries for Stationary Electrical Energy Storage  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the status of the advanced redox flow battery research being performed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratories for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Energy Storage Systems Program. The Quarter 1 of FY2012 Milestone was completed on time. The milestone entails completion of evaluation and optimization of single cell components for the two advanced redox flow battery electrolyte chemistries recently developed at the lab, the all vanadium (V) mixed acid and V-Fe mixed acid solutions. All the single cell components to be used in future kW-scale stacks have been identified and optimized in this quarter, which include solution electrolyte, membrane or separator; carbon felt electrode and bi-polar plate. Varied electrochemical, chemical and physical evaluations were carried out to assist the component screening and optimization. The mechanisms of the battery capacity fading behavior for the all vanadium redox flow and the Fe/V battery were discovered, which allowed us to optimize the related cell operation parameters and continuously operate the system for more than three months without any capacity decay.

Li, Liyu; Kim, Soowhan; Xia, Guanguang; Wang, Wei; Yang, Zhenguo

2012-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

15

October 29 ESTAP Webinar: Flow Battery Basics (Part 2)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

On Wednesday, October 29, 2014 from 1 - 2:30 p.m. ET, Clean Energy State Alliance will host the second in a series of webinars on flow batteries. OE's Imre Gyuk, Energy Storage Program Manager, will present an introduction to flow battery technology, and Dan Borneo of Sandia National Laboratories will discuss flow battery testing and technological readiness.

16

Flow Batteries: A Historical Perspective  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation by Robert Savinell, Case Western Reserve University, at the Flow Cells for Energy Storage Workshop held March 7-8, 2012, in Washington, DC.

17

Plastic Bags to Batteries: A Green Chemistry Solution | Argonne...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plastic Bags to Batteries: A Green Chemistry Solution Share Description Plastic bags are the scourge of roadsides, parking lots and landfills. But chemistry comes to the rescue At...

18

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Flow Battery Solution for Smart Grid Renewable Energy Applications - Sheri Nevins, Raytheon & Ron Moss, EnerVault  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2012, Raytheon Proprietary and EnerVault Corporation, All Rights Reserved. 2012, Raytheon Proprietary and EnerVault Corporation, All Rights Reserved. 1 Sheri Nevins Raytheon Ktech Ron Mosso EnerVault Corporation DEMONSTRATION OF ENERGY STORAGE USING A BREAKTHROUGH REDOX FLOW BATTERY TECHNOLOGY v. 1-0 Copyright ©2012, Raytheon Proprietary and EnerVault Corporation, All Rights Reserved. 2 Disclaimer This material is partially based upon work supported by NYSERDA under PON1200 Project 15880 NYSERDA has not reviewed the information contained herein, and the opinions expressed in this report do not necessarily reflect those of NYSERDA or the State of New York. This material is partially based upon work supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number DE-OE0000225. This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States

19

Membranes and separators for flowing electrolyte batteries-a review  

SciTech Connect

Flowing electrolyte batteries are rechargeable electrochemical storage devices in which externally stored electrolytes are circulated through the cell stack during charge or discharge. The potential advantages that flow batteries offer compared to other secondary batteries include: 1) ease of thermal and electrolyte management, 2) simple electrochemistry, 3) deep cycling capability, and 4) minimal loss of capacity with cycling. However, flow batteries are more complex than other secondary batteries and consequently may cost more and may be less reliable. Flow batteries are being developed for utility load leveling, electric vehicles, solar photovoltaic and wind turbine application. The status of flow batteries has recently been reviewed by Clark et al. The flowing electrolyte batteries place rigorous demands on the performance of separators and membranes. The operating characteristics of the iron/chromium redox battery were changed in order to accommodate the limitations in membrane performance. Low cost alternatives to the presently used membrane must be found before the zinc/ferricyanide battery can be economically feasible. The zinc/bromine battery's efficiency could be improved if a suitably selective membrane were available. It is anticipated that better and less costly membranes to meet these needs will be developed as more is learned about their preparation and performance.

Arnold, C.; Assink, R.A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Vanadium Flow Battery for Energy Storage: Prospects and Challenges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Vanadium Flow Battery for Energy Storage: Prospects and Challenges ... Her work involves investigating the strategy to improve the stability of electrolytes for the vanadium flow battery. ... Dr. Huamin Zhang currently is a tenured Professor at Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Science; he serves as the head of the energy storage division and chief scientist of the 973 National Project on Flow Battery. ...

Cong Ding; Huamin Zhang; Xianfeng Li; Tao Liu; Feng Xing

2013-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow battery solution" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Progress in Grid Scale Flow Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Grid Scale Flow Batteries IMRE GYUK, PROGRAM MANAGER ENERGY STORAGE RESEARCH, DOE FlowBat 03- 07- 12 Without technological breakthroughs in efficient, large scale Energy Storage, it will be difficult to rely on intermittent renewables for much more than 20-30% of our Electricity. Secretary Chu, Feb. 2010 The need for regulation services can dramatically increase as the amount of variable renewable resources is increased. Local storage is among the best means to ensure we can reliably integrate renewable energy resources into the grid. Chairman Wellinghoff, FERC, March 2010 Transmission and storage capacity are key issues for energy resource planning. If you like wind power, you have to love transmission and storage. Terry Boston , CEO, PJM, June 2010

22

Fact Sheet: Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries (October 2012) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries (October 2012) Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries (October 2012) Fact Sheet: Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries (October 2012) DOE's Energy Storage Program is funding research to develop next-generation vanadium redox flow batteries (VRBs) that reduce costs by improving energy and power densities, widening the operating temperature window, and simplifying and optimizing stack/system designs. These efforts build on Pacific Northwest National Laboratory research that has developed new redox electrolytes that enable increased VRB operating temperatures and energy storage capabilities. Fact Sheet: Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries (October 2012) More Documents & Publications Energy Storage Systems 2012 Peer Review Presentations - Day 3, Session 2 Energy Storage Systems 2012 Peer Review Presentations - Poster Session 2

23

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Flow Battery Modeling - Mario Martinez, SNL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. Photos placed in horizontal position with even amount of white space between photos and header Photos placed in horizontal position with even amount of white space between photos and header Flow Battery Modeling Energy Storage Systems Peer Review September 26-28, 2012 MJ Martinez (PI), J Clausen, SM Davison, HK Moffat Flow Battery Modeling Schematic of a Flow Battery PURPOSE: The flow battery modeling task seeks to improve fundamental understanding and enable high-performing, low-cost designs of flow batteries through

24

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Flow Battery Membrane - David Ofer, Tiax  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Flow Battery Membrane Flow Battery Membrane Energy Storage Systems Program (ESS) Peer Review and Update Meeting 2012 Jack Treger treger.jack@tiaxllc.com Washington DC, September 27, 2012 Flow Battery Membrane Background and Purpose 1 Vanadium redox batteries (VRB) for energy storage require improved ion- selective membranes. * Vanadium permeation across current membranes leads to self-discharge and decreases cycling efficiency: - Negative half cell: V 2+ V 3+ + e - E o = -0.255V - Positive half cell: e - + VO 2 + + 2H + VO 2+ + H 2 O E o = 1.00V . * Current perfluorosulfonic acid polymer membranes are costly. * TIAX is developing a novel composite bipolar membrane: - Composite anionic membrane minimizes content of costly perfluorosulfonic acid polymer - Made bipolar by a cationic surface layer to improve selectivity for

25

Characterization of the Hydrogen-Bromine Flow Battery for Electrical Energy Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

generating units through peak shaving and load leveling. Batteries have proper energy and power densities for these applications. A flow battery is advantageous to a secondary battery because the reactants are stored externally and the electrodes are inert...

Kreutzer, Haley Maren

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

26

Graphene-based battery electrodes having continuous flow paths  

SciTech Connect

Some batteries can exhibit greatly improved performance by utilizing electrodes having randomly arranged graphene nanosheets forming a network of channels defining continuous flow paths through the electrode. The network of channels can provide a diffusion pathway for the liquid electrolyte and/or for reactant gases. Metal-air batteries can benefit from such electrodes. In particular Li-air batteries show extremely high capacities, wherein the network of channels allow oxygen to diffuse through the electrode and mesopores in the electrode can store discharge products.

Zhang, Jiguang; Xiao, Jie; Liu, Jun; Xu, Wu; Li, Xiaolin; Wang, Deyu

2014-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

27

Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Nanotube/Graphite Felts as Advanced Electrode Materials for Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

vanadium redox flow battery; nitrogen doping; carbon nanotubes; graphite felt ... Nanorod Niobium Oxide as Powerful Catalysts for an All Vanadium Redox Flow Battery ... Nanorod Niobium Oxide as Powerful Catalysts for an All Vanadium Redox Flow Battery ...

Shuangyin Wang; Xinsheng Zhao; Thomas Cochell; Arumugam Manthiram

2012-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

28

Fact Sheet: Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries (October 2012)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Breakthrough Breakthrough Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have developed a new sulfate (SO 4 2- ) and chloride (Cl - ) mixed solution that is used as the electrolyte. Compared to pure sulfuric acid, the new solution can hold more than 70% more vanadium ions, increasing energy storage capacity by more than 70%. The use of Cl - in the new solution also increases the operating temperature window by 83%, so the battery

29

Batteries versus biomass as a transport solution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... The fully electric car is five times more efficient than the hydrocarbon-guzzling alternative (D. J. C. ... biofuels, electricity production can be scaled up to keep pace with increased car usage. Electric cars are the only long-term solution to comfortable personal transportation. ...

Martin Smith

2009-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

30

Numerical modeling of an all vanadium redox flow battery.  

SciTech Connect

We develop a capability to simulate reduction-oxidation (redox) flow batteries in the Sierra Multi-Mechanics code base. Specifically, we focus on all-vanadium redox flow batteries; however, the capability is general in implementation and could be adopted to other chemistries. The electrochemical and porous flow models follow those developed in the recent publication by [28]. We review the model implemented in this work and its assumptions, and we show several verification cases including a binary electrolyte, and a battery half-cell. Then, we compare our model implementation with the experimental results shown in [28], with good agreement seen. Next, a sensitivity study is conducted for the major model parameters, which is beneficial in targeting specific features of the redox flow cell for improvement. Lastly, we simulate a three-dimensional version of the flow cell to determine the impact of plenum channels on the performance of the cell. Such channels are frequently seen in experimental designs where the current collector plates are borrowed from fuel cell designs. These designs use a serpentine channel etched into a solid collector plate.

Clausen, Jonathan R.; Brunini, Victor E.; Moffat, Harry K.; Martinez, Mario J.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Reducing the Costs of Manufacturing Flow Batteries - Dhruv Bhatnagar, SNL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Costs of Manufacturing Flow Batteries the Costs of Manufacturing Flow Batteries Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. SAND No. 2011-XXXXP Next Steps 1. Continued outreach with other with other manufacturers 2. Characterization of the flow battery manufacturing process and determination of process issues 3. Evaluation of the fuel cell, other battery and other industry manufacturing process to address issues identified 4. Coordination with PNNL flow battery component cost

32

Shunt current loss of the vanadium redox flow battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The shunt current loss is one of main factors to affect the performance of the vanadium redox flow battery, which will shorten the cycle life and decrease the energy transfer efficiency. In this paper, a stack-level model based on the circuit analog method is proposed to research the shunt current loss of the vanadium redox flow battery, in which the SOC (state of charge) of electrolyte is introduced. The distribution of shunt current is described in detail. The sensitive analysis of shunt current is reported. The shunt current loss in charge/discharge cycle is predicted with the given experimental data. The effect of charge/discharge pattern on the shunt current loss is studied. The result shows that the reduction of the number of single cells in series, the decrease of the resistances of manifold and channel and the increase of the power of single cell will be the further development for the VRFB stack.

Feng Xing; Huamin Zhang; Xiangkun Ma

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Thermal processes in the systems with Li-battery cathode materials and LiPF6 -based organic solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermodynamic instability of positive electrodes (cathodes) in Li-ion batteries in humid air and battery solutions results in capacity fading and batteries degradation, especially at elevated temperatures. In thi...

Ortal Haik; Francis Susai Amalraj…

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Nanorod Niobium Oxide as Powerful Catalysts for an All Vanadium Redox Flow Battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nanorod Niobium Oxide as Powerful Catalysts for an All Vanadium Redox Flow Battery ... A powerful low-cost electrocatalyst, nanorod Nb2O5, is synthesized using the hydrothermal method with monoclinic phases and simultaneously deposited on the surface of a graphite felt (GF) electrode in an all vanadium flow battery (VRB). ... Flow battery cyclic performance also demonstrates the excellent stability of the as prepared Nb2O5 catalyst enhanced electrode. ...

Bin Li; Meng Gu; Zimin Nie; Xiaoliang Wei; Chongmin Wang; Vincent Sprenkle; Wei Wang

2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

35

Solution-Grown Silicon Nanowires for Lithium-Ion Battery Anodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

interest in using nanomaterials for advanced lithium-ion battery electrodes, par- ticularly for increasingSolution-Grown Silicon Nanowires for Lithium-Ion Battery Anodes Candace K. Chan, Reken N. Patel storage capacity (theoretical values of 4200 vs 372 mAh/g for graphite). How- ever, the insertion

Cui, Yi

36

Bismuth Nanoparticle Decorating Graphite Felt as a High-Performance Electrode for an All-Vanadium Redox Flow Battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bismuth Nanoparticle Decorating Graphite Felt as a High-Performance Electrode for an All-Vanadium Redox Flow Battery ... Employing electrolytes containing Bi3+, bismuth nanoparticles are synchronously electrodeposited onto the surface of a graphite felt electrode during operation of an all-vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB). ... Energy storage; redox flow battery; electrode; catalyst; vanadium ...

Bin Li; Meng Gu; Zimin Nie; Yuyan Shao; Qingtao Luo; Xiaoliang Wei; Xiaolin Li; Jie Xiao; Chongmin Wang; Vincent Sprenkle; Wei Wang

2013-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

37

Influences of Permeation of Vanadium Ions through PVDF-g-PSSA Membranes on Performances of Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The vanadium redox flow battery (VRB) proposed by Skyllas-Kazacos and co-workers1-3 in 1985 has received considerable attention due to its long cycle life, flexible design, fast response time, deep-discharge capability, and low cost in energy storage. ... Figure 1 Schematic illustration of a vanadium redox flow battery. ... Vanadium Redox Flow Battery Performance. ...

Xuanli Luo; Zhengzhong Lu; Jingyu Xi; Zenghua Wu; Wentao Zhu; Liquan Chen; Xinping Qiu

2005-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

38

Influence of Solvent on Polymer Prequaternization toward Anion-Conductive Membrane Fabrication for All-Vanadium Flow Battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Influence of Solvent on Polymer Prequaternization toward Anion-Conductive Membrane Fabrication for All-Vanadium Flow Battery ... The all-vanadium redox flow battery (VFB) can potentially circumvent the mismatch between the generation and end use of renewable but unsteady energies such as photovoltaics and wind turbines. ... 2.3 All-Vanadium Redox Flow Battery (VFB) Performance ...

Fengxiang Zhang; Huamin Zhang; Chao Qu

2012-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

39

Flow Batteries for Microfluidic Networks: Configuring An Electroosmotic Pump for Nonterminal Positions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work we develop a flow battery (or pressure power supply) to address this issue. ... A flow battery consists of a +EOP (in which the liquid flows in the same direction as the field gradient) and a ?EOP (in which the liquid flows opposite to the electric field gradient), and the outlet of the +EOP is directly connected to the inlet of the ?EOP. ... An external high voltage is applied to this outlet?inlet joint via a short gel-filled capillary that allows ions but not bulk liquid flow, while the +EOP’s inlet and the ?EOP’s outlet (the flow battery’s inlet and outlet) are grounded. ...

Chiyang He; Joann J. Lu; Zhijian Jia; Wei Wang; Xiayan Wang; Purnendu K. Dasgupta; Shaorong Liu

2011-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

40

The numerical solution of a nickel-cadmium battery cell model using the method of lines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

systems of ODE's, this scheme may be preferable. 3. Conduction in Two Connected Slabs with Different Thermal Conductivities The mathematical modeling of the Ni-Cd battery cell results in a multi-domain problem. Solution of multi domain PDE's using... systems of ODE's, this scheme may be preferable. 3. Conduction in Two Connected Slabs with Different Thermal Conductivities The mathematical modeling of the Ni-Cd battery cell results in a multi-domain problem. Solution of multi domain PDE's using...

Hailu, Teshome

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow battery solution" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

High-Energy Redox-Flow Batteries with Hybrid Metal Foam Electrodes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A nonaqueous redox-flow battery employing [Co(bpy)3]+/2+ and [Fe(bpy)3]2+/3+ redox couples is proposed for use in large-scale energy-storage applications. ... We successfully demonstrate a redox-flow battery with a practical operating voltage of over 2.1 V and an energy efficiency of 85% through a rational cell design. ... By utilizing carbon-coated Ni-FeCrAl and Cu metal foam electrodes, the electrochemical reactivity and stability of the nonaqueous redox-flow battery can be considerably enhanced. ...

Min-Sik Park; Nam-Jin Lee; Seung-Wook Lee; Ki Jae Kim; Duk-Jin Oh; Young-Jun Kim

2014-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

42

TEMPO-based Catholyte for High Energy Density Nonaqueous Redox Flow Batteries  

SciTech Connect

We will present a novel design lithium-organic non-aqueous redox flow battery based on a TEMPO catholyte. This RFB produced desired electrochemical performance exceeding most of the currently reported nonaqueous RFB systems.

Wei, Xiaoliang; Xu, Wu; Vijayakumar, M.; Cosimbescu, Lelia; Liu, Tianbiao L.; Sprenkle, Vincent L.; Wang, Wei

2014-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

43

Plastic Bags to Batteries: A Green Chemistry Solution  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Plastic bags are the scourge of roadsides, parking lots and landfills. But chemistry comes to the rescue! At Argonne National Laboratory, Vilas Pol has found a way to not only recycle plastic bags--but make them into valuable batteries for cell phones and laptops.

None

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

44

Aqueous Cathode for Next-Generation Alkali-Ion Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aqueous cathode in the flow-through mode can be individually stored in a “fuel” tank, which reduces the volume of the battery and increases the design flexibility of the battery structure, as shown in Figure 1. ... Unlike previous lithium?water batteries, the aqueous cathode is not plagued by H2 evolution from the solution, and the battery is efficiently rechargeable. ...

Yuhao Lu; John B. Goodenough; Youngsik Kim

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

45

Thermodynamic Investigation of Electrolytes of the Vanadium Redox Flow Battery (III): Volumetric Properties of Aqueous VOSO4  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermodynamic Investigation of Electrolytes of the Vanadium Redox Flow Battery (III): Volumetric Properties of Aqueous VOSO4 ... The all-vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB) as an effective energy-storage system proposed by Skyllas-Kazacos et al. has been investigated extensively. ... Oriji, G.; Katayama, Y.; Miura, T.Investigation on V(IV)/V(V) species in a vanadium redox flow battery Electrochim. ...

Ye Qin; Jian-Guo Liu; Chuan-Wei Yan

2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

46

High Performance Hydrogen/Bromine Redox Flow Battery for Grid-Scale Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High Performance Hydrogen/Bromine Redox Flow Battery for Grid-Scale Energy High Performance Hydrogen/Bromine Redox Flow Battery for Grid-Scale Energy Storage Title High Performance Hydrogen/Bromine Redox Flow Battery for Grid-Scale Energy Storage Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Cho, Kyu Taek, Paul L. Ridgway, Adam Z. Weber, Sophia Haussener, Vincent S. Battaglia, and Venkat Srinivasan Journal Journal of the Electrochemical Society Volume 159 Issue 11 Pagination A1806 - A1815 Date Published 01/2012 ISSN 0013-4651 Keywords hydrogen/bromine, redox flow battery Abstract The electrochemical behavior of a promising hydrogen/bromine redox flow battery is investigated for grid-scale energy-storage application with some of the best redox-flow-battery performance results to date, including a peak power of 1.4 W/cm(2) and a 91% voltaic efficiency at 0.4 W/cm(2) constant-power operation. The kinetics of bromine on various materials is discussed, with both rotating-disk-electrode and cell studies demonstrating that a carbon porous electrode for the bromine reaction can conduct platinum-comparable performance as long as sufficient surface area is realized. The effect of flow-cell designs and operating temperature is examined, and ohmic and mass-transfer losses are decreased by utilizing a flow-through electrode design and increasing cell temperature. Charge/discharge and discharge-rate tests also reveal that this system has highly reversible behavior and good rate capability.

47

Practical and commercial issues in the design and manufacture of vanadium flow batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The vanadium flow battery has emerged as one of the most favourable types of flow batteries for a number of reasons, including the lack of cross-contamination that troubled many earlier systems such as the Fe/Cr flow battery. Because the vanadium flow battery employs the same metal ion in both electrolytes, albeit in different oxidation states, there is no cumulative loss in performance, just an effective reversible self-discharge current. The self discharge that occurs in the vanadium flow batteries is limited to the electrolyte volume in the cells. However it can become substantial under low load conditions. The pumps also use power from the battery and may be considered as another source of self discharge. Taking these and maintenance considerations into account the layout of a 10 kW, 100 kWh, 48 V vanadium flow battery was designed as a “Multi-Stage-Operation” system to provide maximum performance at all levels of load, ease of use and optimum maintenance conditions. Experimental A complete energy storage system with 10 kW in power and 100 kWh in energy was designed. It consists of a vanadium flow battery with smart controller and configurable power electronics housed in a weatherproof housing. The battery can be charged and discharged at up to 10 kW and provides up to 100 kWh of energy. The smart controller ensures that the battery operates at maximum efficiency at all times and allows remote observation of various battery parameters, including a reliable state of charge (SOC) measurement. The option of different arrangements of power electronics gives almost complete freedom in specification of electrical output (dc, single or three-phase ac). The battery can also be connected to photovoltaic, wind turbine, diesel/petrol/gas/biogas generators, fuel cells and water turbines to form discrete autonomous power supplies or to be part of a micro-, mini- or smart-grid. The FB10/100 battery for “Multi-Stage-Operation” is comprised of 5 strings of 36–40 cells each in 3 separate fluid circuits. The first fluid circuit, containing a single string, is always actively pumped with electrolyte and electrically connected to the charger and load. The second and third fluid circuits contain 2 strings each and are only actively pumped and electrically connected when the voltage reaches preset limits. When the circuits are in “standby”, i.e. not actively pumped and electrically connected, the self discharge is limited to the small volume of electrolyte in the cells. There is also a significant saving of pumping energy, because 3 pairs of small pumps are used in place of 1 pair of more powerful pumps. Results In “Multi-Stage-Operation” mode, the overall battery performance is improved significantly. This is very important in off-grid installations, where loads are typically small compared to the power levels necessary for charging; i.e. a solar powered telemetric station may use 500 W continuous power but requires fast charging due to the narrow time window when solar energy is available. In example, at a 1 kW load the battery provides 25% more energy when operated in “Multi-Stage-Operation” mode compared to all stacks in operation. Since 2008, several power station have been equipped with FB10/100 storage units and put into operation. Within the presentation a report on the latest results including technical performance and cost issues will be given.

Martha Schreiber; Martin Harrer; Adam Whitehead; Herbert Bucsich; Matthias Dragschitz; Ernst Seifert; Peter Tymciw

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

ESS 2012 Peer Review - GRIDS Soluble Lead Flow Battery Technology - Aaron Sathrum, General Atomics  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Atomics Proprietary Information Atomics Proprietary Information 1 GRIDS Soluble Lead Flow Battery Technology General Atomics and the University of California, San Diego Aaron J. Sathrum (General Atomics): Aaron.Sathrum@ga.com Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-e) OVERVIEW TECHNICAL CHALLENGES RESULTS MODELING CHARACTERIZATION FLOW BATTERY OUTLOOK Anode: Pb 2+ + 2e -  Pb Cathode: Pb 2+ + 2H 2 O  PbO 2 + 4H + + 2e - Overall: H 2 O  Pb + PbO 2 + 4H + Cell Potential = 1.76V Energy Density = 75Wh/kg, 95Wh/L General Atomics (GA) and the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) are jointly developing a soluble lead flow battery 1 where the active lead material is dissolved into methanesulfonic acid, which allows for the use of a single electrolyte and eliminates the

49

Primus Power's Flow Battery Powered by $11 Million in Private Investment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Primus Power's Flow Battery Powered by $11 Million in Private Primus Power's Flow Battery Powered by $11 Million in Private Investment Primus Power's Flow Battery Powered by $11 Million in Private Investment June 14, 2011 - 10:00am Addthis Primus Power's energy cell stack. | Photo Courtesy of Primus Power Primus Power's energy cell stack. | Photo Courtesy of Primus Power Kristina Pflanz Writer & Contractor, Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy What does this mean for me? Will make renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind, available to more utility customers. In February, the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) announced that six of its projects, which initially received a total of $23.6 million in agency seed funding, had collectively generated more than $100 million in outside private capital investment. ARPA-E recently

50

Thermal analysis and two-directional air flow thermal management for lithium-ion battery pack  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Thermal management is a routine but crucial strategy to ensure thermal stability and long-term durability of the lithium-ion batteries. An air-flow-integrated thermal management system is designed in the present study to dissipate heat generation and uniformize the distribution of temperature in the lithium-ion batteries. The system contains of two types of air ducts with independent intake channels and fans. One is to cool the batteries through the regular channel, and the other minimizes the heat accumulations in the middle pack of batteries through jet cooling. A three-dimensional anisotropic heat transfer model is developed to describe the thermal behavior of the lithium-ion batteries with the integration of heat generation theory, and validated through both simulations and experiments. Moreover, the simulations and experiments show that the maximum temperature can be decreased to 33.1 °C through the new thermal management system in comparison with 42.3 °C through the traditional ones, and temperature uniformity of the lithium-ion battery packs is enhanced, significantly.

Kuahai Yu; Xi Yang; Yongzhou Cheng; Changhao Li

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

In Situ X-ray Near-Edge Absorption Spectroscopy Investigation of the State of Charge of All-Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

all-vanadium flow battery; X-ray near-edge adsorption spectroscopy; synchrotron; in situ; state of charge; electrolyte ... Among different types of RFBs, the all-vanadium redox flow battery (VRB) displays excellent electrochemical activity and reversibility. ... To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report to use the in situ synchrotron techniques to study the redox flow battery. ...

Chuankun Jia; Qi Liu; Cheng-Jun Sun; Fan Yang; Yang Ren; Steve M. Heald; Yadong Liu; Zhe-Fei Li; Wenquan Lu; Jian Xie

2014-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

52

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Acid Based Blend Membranes for Redox Flow Batteries - Alan Cisar, Lynntech  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Acid Based Blend Membranes for Redox Flow Batteries Acid Based Blend Membranes for Redox Flow Batteries DOE Grant No: DE-SC0006306 Alan Cisar* and Chris Rhodes Lynntech, Inc., 2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South, College Station, TX 77845 *E-mail: alan.cisar@lynntech.com, Phone: 979.764.2311 Prof. Arumugam Manthiram University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 Prof. Fuqiang Liu University of Texas Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019 Conclusions Lynntech, in conjunction with the University of Texas and the University of Texas at Arlington, developed a new series of low-cost polymer blend membranes with high proton conductivity and ultralow vanadium ion permeability. The proton conductivity and physical properties of these membranes are tunable by adjusting the ratio of acid and base components. Membrane conductivity was found to be more critical to

53

In-situ Investigation of Vanadium Ion Transport in Redox Flow Battery  

SciTech Connect

We will show a new method to differentiate the vanadium transport from concentration gradient and that from electric field. Flow batteries with vanadium and iron redox couples as the electro-active species were employed to investigate the transport behavior of vanadium ions in the presence of electric field. It was shown that electric field accelerated the positive-to-negative and reduced the negative-to-positive vanadium ions transport in charge process and affected the vanadium ions transport in an opposite way in discharge process. In addition, a method was designed to differentiate the concentration gradient-driven vanadium ions diffusion and electric field-driven vanadium ions migration. Simplified mathematical model was established to simulate the vanadium ions transport in real charge-discharge operation of flow battery. The concentration gradient diffusion coefficients and electric-migration coefficients of V2+, V3+, VO2+, and VO2+ across Nafion membrane were obtained by fitting the experimental data.

Luo, Qingtao; Li, Liyu; Nie, Zimin; Wang, Wei; Wei, Xiaoliang; Li, Bin; Chen, Baowei; Yang, Zhenguo

2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

54

A three-dimensional model for negative half cell of the vanadium redox flow battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A stationary, isothermal, three-dimensional model for negative half cell of the vanadium redox flow battery is developed, which is based on the comprehensive conservation laws, such as charge, mass and momentum, together with a kinetic model for reaction involving vanadium species. The model is validated against the results calculated by the available two-dimensional model. With the given geometry of the negative half cell, the distributions of velocity, concentration, overpotential and transfer current density in the sections that are perpendicular and parallel to the applied current are studied. It is shown that the distribution of the electrolyte velocity in the electrode has significant impact on the distribution of concentration, overpotential and transfer current density. The lower velocity in the electrode will cause the higher overpotential, further result in the side reaction and corrosion of key materials locally. The development of the design of the vanadium redox flow battery is discussed, and the further research is proposed.

Xiangkun Ma; Huamin Zhang; Feng Xing

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Advanced Materials for Flow Batteries - Travis Anderson, SNL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advanced Materials for Advanced Materials for Flow Batteries Friday, September 28, 2012 Travis M. Anderson and Harry D. Pratt III Sandia National Laboratories Ionic Liquid Flow Batteries MetIL - + MetIL * 59 mV/n separation (ideally n > 1) * Viscosity < 500 cP * Conductivity > 0.5 mS cm -1 * Open Circuit Potential > 1.5 V Problem: Getting high concentrations of redox active species. MetILs * Transition Metal Cation * Weakly Coordinating Anions * Alkanolamine Ligands * Negligible Vapor Pressure * Non-toxic 2 FY12 Milestones Approach: Design electrolytes with charge storage species as part of their chemical composition. Energy Density/Costs SNL APPROACH: Consider a compound CuL 2 BF 4 (L = methanolamine, MW = 47 g/mol), measured density 1.6 g/mL, formula weight,

56

Fluid flow and solute transport modeling with lattice Boltzmann models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fluid flow and solute transport modeling with lattice Boltzmann models Ph.D. Proposal: Shadab Anwar with solute transport and fluid flow modeling in porous media using lattice Boltzmann model (LBM). LBM

Sukop, Mike

57

Membrane Separator for Redox Flow Batteries that Utilize Anion Radical Mediators.  

SciTech Connect

A Na + ion conducting polyethylene oxide membrane is developed for an organic electrolyte redox flow battery that utilizes anion radical mediators. To achieve high specific ionic conductivity, tetraethyleneglycol dimethylether (TEGDME) is used as a plasticizer to reduce crystallinity and increase the free volume of the gel film. This membrane is physically and chemically stable in TEGDME electrolyte that contains highly reactive biphenyl anion radical mediators.

Delnick, Frank M.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Adjustable flow rate controller for polymer solutions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An adjustable device for controlling the flow rate of polymer solutions which results in only little shearing of the polymer molecules, said device comprising an inlet manifold, an outlet manifold, a plurality of tubes capable of providing communication between said inlet and outlet manifolds, said tubes each having an internal diameter that is smaller than that of the inlet manifold and large enough to insure that viscosity of the polymer solution passing through each said tube will not be reduced more than about 25 percent, and a valve associated with each tube, said valve being capable of opening or closing communication in that tube between the inlet and outlet manifolds, each said valve when fully open having a diameter that is substantially at least as great as that of the tube with which it is associated.

Jackson, Kenneth M. (Bartlesville, OK)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Dynamic electro-thermal modeling of all-vanadium redox flow battery with forced cooling strategies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The present study focuses on the dynamic electro-thermal modeling for the all-vanadium redox flow battery (VRB) with forced cooling strategies. The Foster network is adopted to dynamically model the heat dissipation of VRB with heat exchangers. The parameters of Foster network are extracted by fitting the step response of it to the results of linearized CFD model. Then a complete electro-thermal model is proposed by coupling the heat generation model, Foster network and electrical model. Results show that the established model has nearly the same accuracy with the nonlinear CFD model in electrolyte temperature prediction but drastically improves the computational efficiency. The modeled terminal voltage is also benchmarked with the experimental data under different current densities. The electrolyte temperature is found to be significantly influenced by the flow rate of coolant. As compared, although the electrolyte flow rate has unremarkable impact on electrolyte temperature, its effect on system pressure drop and battery efficiency is significant. Increasing the electrolyte flow rate improves the coulombic efficiency, voltage efficiency and energy efficiency simultaneously but at the expense of higher pump power demanded. An optimal flow rate exists for each operating condition to maximize the system efficiency.

Zhongbao Wei; Jiyun Zhao; Binyu Xiong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

CoreFlow Scientific Solutions Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CoreFlow Scientific Solutions Ltd CoreFlow Scientific Solutions Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name CoreFlow Scientific Solutions Ltd Place Yoqneam, Israel Zip 20692 Sector Solar Product Israel-based manufacturer of non-contact substrate processing, handling, and testing equipments for Flat Panel Display (FPD), semiconductor, and solar industries. References CoreFlow Scientific Solutions Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. CoreFlow Scientific Solutions Ltd is a company located in Yoqneam, Israel . References ↑ "CoreFlow Scientific Solutions Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=CoreFlow_Scientific_Solutions_Ltd&oldid=343913" Categories:

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow battery solution" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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61

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Component Research for Redox Flow Batteries - Tom Zawodzinski, ORNL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Battelle Battelle for the Department of Energy Component Research for Redox Flow Batteries Tom Zawodzinski and Che-Nan (Josh) Sun With help from Jamie Lawton, Zhijiang Tang, Doug Aaron, Alex Papandrew, Qinhua Liu, Matt Mench (UTK) Frank Delnick (SNL) Thanks to Imre Gyuk (OE) and team at UTK Managed by UT-Battelle for the Department of Energy Approach This project is a little different from many others in the portfolio We are not looking into alternative battery chemistries per se We are doing work to guide you in choices of materials and hardware designs to make all RFBs better! Focus on components, diagnostics to drive understanding how to improve Managed by UT-Battelle for the Department of Energy Goals and Tasks 1. Demonstrate improved performance of RFBs in pre-

62

Synergistic Effect of Carbon Nanofiber/Nanotube Composite Catalyst on Carbon Felt Electrode for High-Performance All-Vanadium Redox Flow Battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synergistic Effect of Carbon Nanofiber/Nanotube Composite Catalyst on Carbon Felt Electrode for High-Performance All-Vanadium Redox Flow Battery ... Carbon nanofiber/nanotube (CNF/CNT) composite catalysts grown on carbon felt (CF), prepared from a simple way involving the thermal decomposition of acetylene gas over Ni catalysts, are studied as electrode materials in a vanadium redox flow battery. ... Energy storage; redox flow battery; electrode; carbon nanofiber; carbon nanotube; catalyst ...

Minjoon Park; Yang-jae Jung; Jungyun Kim; Ho il Lee; Jeaphil Cho

2013-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

63

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Highly Selective Proton-Conducting Composite Membranes for Redox Flow Batteries - Alan Cisar, Lynntech  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Membrane for Redox Flow Batteries Membrane for Redox Flow Batteries DOE Grant No: DE-SC0004516 Alan Cisar* and Chris Rhodes Lynntech, Inc., 2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South, College Station, TX 77845 *E-mail: alan.cisar@lynntech.com, Phone: 979.764.2311 Introduction * Redox flow batteries (RFBs) are a promising technology to store electrical energy from intermittent renewable sources such as solar and wind power. Although they offer many advantages, RFBs with reduced cost and improved performance (i.e., efficiency and durability) need to be developed to achieve broad market penetration. * Ion exchange membranes in RFBs separate two soluble redox couples should allow rapid proton transport and suppress transport of the reactive species between anode and cathode compartments. Nafion

64

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Low Cost and Highly Selective Composite Membrane for Redox Flow Batteries - Fei Wang, EIC Laboratories  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Low Cost and Highly Selective Composite Membrane for Redox Flow Batteries Low Cost and Highly Selective Composite Membrane for Redox Flow Batteries Fei Wang, Dharmasena Peramunage, James M. Sylvia, and Monsy M. Jocob EIC Laboratories, Inc. 111 Downey Street, Norwood, MA 02062. www.eiclabs.com Identification of the Problem and Technical Approach Redox flow batteries (RFB) hold great promise for large scale electrochemical energy storage. A critical component of RFB is the membrane which separates anode and cathode compartments. The current state-of-the-art membrane, NAFION is too expensive, lacks selectivity, permitting leakage between anode and cathode electrolyte compartments. EIC is developing a novel bilayer, interpenetrating network membrane. Thin Nafion layer for anode side protection providing oxidative stability. The bulk part of the membrane consists of a block

65

ESS 2012 Peer Review - New Generation Aqueous Base Redox Flow Battery Component Development - Wei Wang, PNNL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Generation Aqueous Base Redox Flow Generation Aqueous Base Redox Flow Battery Component Development Wei Wang, Qingtao Luo, Xiaoliang Wei, Bin Li, Zimin Nie, Baowei Chen, Yuyan Shao, Vijayakumar Murugesan, Amy Chen, Gordon, Xia, Liyu Li, Gary Z. Yang, Vincent Sprenkle Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 902 Battelle Boulevard P. O. Box 999 Richland, WA 99352, USA DOE Stationary Energy Storage Program Review, Washington, DC Sept. 26-28, 2012 Dr. Imre Gyuk 1 2 Review of previous work 2.5M, ~30Wh/L, -5~50 o C Mixed-acid VRB Double Energy Density Extend temperature window Charge Discharge Charge Discharge Charge Discharge Catholyte: VO 2+ + Cl - + H 2 O - e VO 2 Cl + 2H + ε co =1.0 V Anolyte: V 3+ + e V 2+ ε ao =-0.25 Overall: VO 2+ + Cl

66

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Hydrogen-Bromine Flow Batteries for Grid-Scale Energy Storage - Vincent Battaglia, LBNL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

H H 2 /Br 2 Flow Battery for Grid-Scale Energy Storage Venkat Srinivasan, Adam Weber, & Vince Battaglia Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory * DOE ESS Review * Washington, DC * September 26, 2012 vsbattaglia@lbl.gov Purpose Develop a low-cost, energy-storage system with high power density at 80% efficiency Use H 2 and Br 2 in a flow battery Future Plans Modeling Funding from ARPA-E GRIDS, USDOE LBNL: Kyu Taek Cho (Cell studies); Paul Ridgway (Catalysis studies); Sophia Haussener (Transport modeling) Bosch: Paul Albertus (Cost Modeling); Roel Sanchez-Carrera and Boris Kozinsky (Catalyst theory)

67

Legendre transform in the thermodynamics of flowing polymer solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a Legendre transform linking two different choices of nonequilibrium variables (viscous pressure tensor and configuration tensor) in the thermodynamics of flowing polymer solutions. This may avoid some current confusions in the analysis of thermodynamic effects in polymer solutions under flow.

J. Casas-Vázquez; L. F. del Castillo; D. Jou; M. Criado-Sancho

2001-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

68

Material and energy flows in the materials production, assembly, and end-of-life stages of the automotive lithium-ion battery life cycle  

SciTech Connect

This document contains material and energy flows for lithium-ion batteries with an active cathode material of lithium manganese oxide (LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4}). These data are incorporated into Argonne National Laboratory's Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model, replacing previous data for lithium-ion batteries that are based on a nickel/cobalt/manganese (Ni/Co/Mn) cathode chemistry. To identify and determine the mass of lithium-ion battery components, we modeled batteries with LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} as the cathode material using Argonne's Battery Performance and Cost (BatPaC) model for hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and electric vehicles. As input for GREET, we developed new or updated data for the cathode material and the following materials that are included in its supply chain: soda ash, lime, petroleum-derived ethanol, lithium brine, and lithium carbonate. Also as input to GREET, we calculated new emission factors for equipment (kilns, dryers, and calciners) that were not previously included in the model and developed new material and energy flows for the battery electrolyte, binder, and binder solvent. Finally, we revised the data included in GREET for graphite (the anode active material), battery electronics, and battery assembly. For the first time, we incorporated energy and material flows for battery recycling into GREET, considering four battery recycling processes: pyrometallurgical, hydrometallurgical, intermediate physical, and direct physical. Opportunities for future research include considering alternative battery chemistries and battery packaging. As battery assembly and recycling technologies develop, staying up to date with them will be critical to understanding the energy, materials, and emissions burdens associated with batteries.

Dunn, J.B.; Gaines, L.; Barnes, M.; Wang, M.; Sullivan, J. (Energy Systems)

2012-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

69

Thermal Analysis of Lithium-Ion Battery Packs and Thermal Management Solutions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Lithium ion (Li-ion) batteries have been gaining recognition as the primary technology for energy storage in motive applications due to their improved specific energy densities,… (more)

Bhatia, Padampat Chander

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Some Lessons Learned from 20 Years in RedOx Flow Battery R&d  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lessons learned from 20 years in lessons learned from 20 years in RedOx Flow Battery R&D Dr Steve Clarke, CEO Applied Intellectual Capital, Alameda CAc DOE Workshop Washington DC March 2012 www.apicap.com Contents ● AIC's involvement in RFB R&D ● Some key lessons learned ● Some remaining challenges to be overcome 2 Applied Intellectual Capital ● Technology consulting  Electrochemical and materials focus  Clients include leading industrials, VCs, DOE, DOD and EPA  33,000 ft. facility for laboratory, engineering, rapid prototyping and testing ● Technology venturing (own micro- fund)  IP generated by consulting and R&D  Leverages labs, facilities and consulting successes ● Combined resources  Proven business development team  Start-up to IPO

71

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Single Substance Organic Redox Flow Battery - Paul Rasmussen, Vinazene  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Charging Mechanism Charging Mechanism The Z compound, as described in Vinazene Patent 8,080,327, undergoes the following half reactions during charging: Z Z + + e - E 0 = -1.3V Z + e -  Z - E 0 = -1.5V _____________________ 2Z  Z - + Z + E 0 = -2.8V A Single Substance Organic Redox Flow Battery -+- -+- Components Compound Z Tetraethylammonium Tetrafluoroborate (TEA-BF 4 ) Maintains Electroneutrality Acetonitrile (MeCN) Dielectric and Transport medium Abstract Abundant energy, in the exajoule range, is available everyday from solar and wind flux. However, green sources of this energy are subject to intermittent and/or periodic fluctuations. Mitigation of supply obstacles is possible through the use of cost effective and dispatchable energy storage methods. During Phase I of this SBIR

72

Development of carbon composite bipolar plate (BP) for vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB) is one of the most promising energy storage systems (ESSs) due to its safety, durability and scalability. However, high cost of its components has been obstacle for commercialization of VRFB. Especially, bipolar plates (BPs) which are the main components of VRFB, are fabricated using graphite, which increases not only its manufacturing cost, but also decreases the reliability of VFRB, especially for the large area BP due to the brittleness of graphite although the graphite has high electrical conductivity and chemical stability. In this work, a carbon composite BP for the VRFB has been developed optimally considering its electrical as well as chemical stabilities against strong acids. Charge/discharge tests of the VRFB using the developed carbon composite \\{BPs\\} were performed to observe its energy and voltage efficiencies, from which the durability of the composite BP was estimated.

Ki Hyun Kim; Bu Gi Kim; Dai Gil Lee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Modeling a vanadium redox flow battery system for large scale applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simulation model of a vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB) system based on measurements with a kilowatt scale real life VRFB unit was developed. Various hourly charging and discharging cycles were performed for states of charge (SOC) of 75%, 60%, 40% and 20% at different power values ranging from 2 kW to 10 kW. The dependence of the overall system efficiency in a VRFB unit on the SOC was determined by considering the energy losses at stacks during the electrochemical conversion and by the auxiliary power consumption of the hydraulic circuits as well as the power conversion systems. Using the model, optimal number of modules for certain power levels during charging and discharging operations were estimated for megawatt scale operations.

Burak Turker; Sebastian Arroyo Klein; Eva-Maria Hammer; Bettina Lenz; Lidiya Komsiyska

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Esmaeil Jahanshahi Control Solutions for Multiphase Flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-8181 Doctoral theses at NTNU, 2013:271 Printed by Skipnes #12;SUMMARY Severe-slugging flow in offshore systems are not robust against plant changes and inflow disturbances. The closed-loop system becomes

Skogestad, Sigurd

75

Generating Geodesic Flows and Supergravity Solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the geodesic motion on the symmetric moduli spaces that arise after timelike and spacelike reductions of supergravity theories. The geodesics correspond to timelike respectively spacelike $p$-brane solutions when they are lifted over a $p$-dimensional flat space. In particular, we consider the problem of constructing \\emph{the minimal generating solution}: A geodesic with the minimal number of free parameters such that all other geodesics are generated through isometries. We give an intrinsic characterization of this solution in a wide class of orbits for various supergravities in different dimensions. We apply our method to three cases: (i) Einstein vacuum solutions, (ii) extreme and non-extreme D=4 black holes in N=8 supergravity and their relation to N=2 STU black holes and (iii) Euclidean wormholes in $D\\geq 3$. In case (iii) we present an easy and general criterium for the existence of regular wormholes for a given scalar coset.

E. Bergshoeff; W. Chemissany; A. Ploegh; M. Trigiante; T. Van Riet

2008-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

76

Contraction/expansion flow of dilute elastic solutions in microchannels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experimental study is conducted on the nature of extensional flows of mobile dilute polymer solutions in microchannel. By observing such fluids on the microscale it is possible to generate large strain rates ([approximately] ...

Scott, Timothy Peter, 1980-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

STRONG FLOWS OF VISCOELASTIC WORMLIKE MICELLE SOLUTIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

range of industrial and commercial applications including agrochemical spraying, inkjet printing strain hardening of their extensional viscosity which can result in an increased resistance to complex extensional viscosity of these fluids has led to significant drag reduction in turbulent flows. However

Rothstein, Jonathan

78

Properties Investigation of Sulfonated Poly(ether ether ketone)/Polyacrylonitrile Acid–Base Blend Membrane for Vanadium Redox Flow Battery Application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acid–base blend membrane prepared from sulfonated poly(ether ether ketone) (SPEEK) and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) was detailedly evaluated for vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB) application. SPEEK/PAN blend membrane exhibited dense and homogeneous cross-...

Zhaohua Li; Wenjing Dai; Lihong Yu; Le Liu; Jingyu Xi; Xinping Qiu; Liquan Chen

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

79

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Low Cost, High Performance and Long Life Flow Battery Electrodes - Tom Stepien, Primus Power  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

With ARPA-E we optimized With ARPA-E we optimized * Adhesion * Current density * Duration * Catalytic coatings * Voltaic performance Goals * Cost-effectiveness * High-efficiency * Uniformity EnergyPod Low Cost, High Performance and Long Life Flow Battery Electrodes TM A Breakthrough In Distributed, Grid Scale Energy Storage ARPA-E has enabled Primus Power to create an innovative and technically advanced electrode Electrode Zinc Plating This, combined with our other advances has enabled us to create a unique flow battery system with ...  Low cost electrodes  Long life  High efficiency  Flexibility For...  Ubiquitous  Dispatchable  Cost effective ... grid-scale electrical energy storage to: * Accelerate renewable

80

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Low-Cost, High-Performance Hybrid Membranes for Redox Flow Batteries - Hongxing Hu, Amsen Technologies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DESIGN © 2008 DESIGN © 2008 www.PosterPresentations.com Low-Cost, High-Performance Hybrid Membranes for Redox Flow Batteries Hongxing Hu, Amsen Technologies LLC DOE SBIR Project, Program Manager at DOE: Dr. Imre Gyuk Objectives and Technical Approach Objectives: This SBIR project aims to develop low-cost, high performance hybrid polymeric PEMs for redox flow batteries (RFBs). Such membranes shall have high chemical stability in RFB electrolytes, high proton conductivity, low permeability of vanadium ions, along with high dimensional stability, high mechanical strength and durability, and lower cost than Nafion membranes. Approach: * Hybrid membranes of sulfonated polymers * Balance between different types of polymers for proton conductivity and chemical stability

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow battery solution" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Estimation of Capital and Levelized Cost for Redox Flow Batteries - Vilayanur Viswanathan, PNNL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estimation of Capital and Levelized Estimation of Capital and Levelized Cost for Redox Flow Batteries V. Viswanathan, A. Crawford, L. Thaller 1 , D. Stephenson, S. Kim, W. Wang, G. Coffey, P. Balducci, Z. Gary Yang 2 , Liyu Li 2 , M. Kintner-Meyer, V. Sprenkle 1 Consultant 2 UniEnergy Technology September 28, 2012 USDOE-OE ESS Peer Review Washington, DC Dr. Imre Gyuk - Energy Storage Program Manager, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability 1 What are we trying to accomplish? PNNL grid analytics team has established ESS cost targets for various applications PNNL cost/performance model estimates cost for redox flow battery systems of various chemistries drives research internally to focus on most important components/parameters/metrics for cost reduction and performance improvement

82

Nanoporous Polytetrafluoroethylene/Silica Composite Separator as a High-Performance All-Vanadium Redox Flow Battery Membrane  

SciTech Connect

Driven by the motivation of searching for low-cost membrane alternatives, a novel nanoporous polytetrafluoroethylene/silica composite separator has been prepared and evaluated for its use in all-vanadium mixed-acid redox flow battery. This separator consisting of silica particles enmeshed in a polytetrafluoroethylene fibril matrix has no ion exchange capacity and is featured with unique nanoporous structures, which function as the ion transport channels in redox flow battery operation, with an average pore size of 38nm and a porosity of 48%. This separator has produced excellent electrochemical performance in the all-vanadium mixed-acid system with energy efficiency delivery comparable to Nafion membrane and superior rate capability and temperature tolerance. The separator also demonstrates an exceptional capacity retention capability over extended cycling, offering additional operational latitude towards conveniently mitigating the capacity decay that is inevitable for Nafion. Because of the inexpensive raw materials and simple preparation protocol, the separator is particularly low-cost, estimated to be at least an order of magnitude more inexpensive than Nafion. Plus the proven chemical stability due to the same backbone material as Nafion, this separator possesses a good combination of critical membrane requirements and shows great potential to promote market penetration of the all-vanadium redox flow battery by enabling significant reduction of capital and cycle costs.

Wei, Xiaoliang; Nie, Zimin; Luo, Qingtao; Li, Bin; Chen, Baowei; Simmons, Kevin L.; Sprenkle, Vincent L.; Wang, Wei

2013-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

83

Development of a Novel Iodine-Vitamin C/Vanadium Redox Flow Battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A novel (I+/I2)/vitamin C vs. V4+/V5+ semi-vanadium redox flow battery (semi-VRFB) with iodine, vitamin C, and V4+/V5+ redox couples, using multiple electrodes was investigated. The electrodes, Ni-P/carbon paper and Ni-P/TiO2/carbon paper, were modified by the electroless plating method and sol-gel process. The electrochemical characteristics and the performance of the semi-VRFB were verified by the cyclic voltammetry method and a charge-discharge test. This study shows modified electrodes can improve the reversibility and symmetry of the oxidation-reduction reaction of the semi-VRFB system, and effectively raise its storage ability. The coulomb efficiency of the semi-VRFB system is close to 96%, which is higher than the all-VRFB. The semi-VRFB system can reduce the amount of vanadium salt, therefore, it is not only a reduction in cost, but also has a great potential for the development of energy storage systems.

Mei-Ling Chen; Shu-Ling Huang; Chin-Lung Hsieh; Jan- Yen Lee; Tz-Jiun Tsai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

EMSL - battery materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

battery-materials en Measuring Spatial Variability of Vapor Flux to Characterize Vadose-zone VOC Sources: Flow-cell Experiments. http:www.emsl.pnl.govemslwebpublications...

85

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Iron Based Flow Batteries for Low Cost Grid Level Energy Storage - Jesse Wainright, Case Western Reserve  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the Department of Energy/Office of Electricity's Energy Storage Program. authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the Department of Energy/Office of Electricity's Energy Storage Program. Iron Based Flow Batteries for Low Cost Grid Level Energy Storage J.S. Wainright, R. F. Savinell, P.I.s Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University Purpose Impact on Iron Based Batteries on the DOE OE Energy Storage Mission Recent Results Recent Results Develop efficient, cost-effective grid level storage capability based on iron. Goals of this Effort: * Minimize Cost/Watt by increasing current density - Hardware Cost >> Electrolyte Cost * Minimize Cost/Whr by increasing plating capacity * Maximize Efficiency by minimizing current lost to hydrogen evolution Electrochemistry of the all-Iron system:

86

Study of the Ce3+/Ce4+ Redox Couple in Mixed-Acid Media (CH3SO3H and H2SO4) for Redox Flow Battery Application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Study of the Ce3+/Ce4+ Redox Couple in Mixed-Acid Media (CH3SO3H and H2SO4) for Redox Flow Battery Application ... The present paper first reports a kind of supporting electrolyte, mixed-acid media (CH3SO3H and H2SO4), used in redox flow battery (RFB) technology. ... Redox flow battery (RFB) technology(1, 2) has received wide attention in the application for renewable energy storage systems. ...

Zhipeng Xie; Fengjiao Xiong; Debi Zhou

2011-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

87

Nuclear batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear batteries ... Describes the structure, operation, and application of nuclear batteries. ... Nuclear / Radiochemistry ...

Alfred B. Garrett

1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Bio-mass derived mesoporous carbon as super electrode in all vanadium redox flow battery with multicouple reactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We first report the multi-couple reaction in all vanadium redox flow batteries (VRFB) while using bio-mass (coconut shell) derived mesoporous carbon as electrode. The presence of V3+/V4+ redox couple certainly supplies the additional electrons for the electrochemical reaction and subsequently provides improved electrochemical performance of VRFB system. The efficient electro-catalytic activity of such coconut shell derived high surface area mesoporous carbon is believed for the improved cell performance. Extensive power and electrochemical studies are performed for VRFB application point of view and described in detail.

Mani Ulaganathan; Akshay Jain; Vanchiappan Aravindan; Sundaramurthy Jayaraman; Wong Chui Ling; Tuti Mariana Lim; M.P. Srinivasan; Qingyu Yan; Srinivasan Madhavi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Tanks for the Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...kg), in the most common flow batteries that number ranges from 20 to 50 Wh/kg. Most modular units now under development range in size from refrigerators to railcars. A flow battery in Osaka, Japan, that's capable of storing a megawatt...

Robert F. Service

2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

90

RELATIVISTIC GLOBAL SOLUTIONS OF NEUTRINO-DOMINATED ACCRETION FLOWS  

SciTech Connect

Neutrino-dominated accretion flows (NDAFs) around rotating stellar-mass black holes are plausible candidates for the central engines of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). We investigate one-dimensional global solutions of NDAFs, taking into account general relativity in the Kerr metric, neutrino physics, and nucleosynthesis more precisely than previous works. We calculate 16 solutions with different characterized accretion rates and black hole spins to exhibit the radial distributions of various physical properties in NDAFs. We confirm that the electron degeneracy has important effects in NDAFs and we find that the electron fraction is about 0.46 in the outer region for all 16 solutions. From the perspective of the mass fraction, free nucleons, {sup 4}He, and {sup 5}6Fe dominate in the inner, middle, and outer regions, respectively. The influence of neutrino trapping on the annihilation is of importance for the superhigh accretion ( M-dot =10 M{sub sun} s{sup -1}) and most of the 16 solutions have an adequate annihilation luminosity for GRBs.

Xue Li; Liu Tong; Gu Weimin; Lu Jufu, E-mail: tongliu@xmu.edu.cn [Department of Astronomy and Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005 (China)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

91

Current balancing for battery strings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A battery plant is described which features magnetic circuit means for balancing the electrical current flow through a pluraliircuitbattery strings which are connected electrically in parallel. The magnetic circuit means is associated with the battery strings such that the conductors carrying the electrical current flow through each of the battery strings pass through the magnetic circuit means in directions which cause the electromagnetic fields of at least one predetermined pair of the conductors to oppose each other. In an alternative embodiment, a low voltage converter is associated with each of the battery strings for balancing the electrical current flow through the battery strings.

Galloway, James H. (New Baltimore, MI)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Some Lessons Learned from 20 Years in RedOx Flow Battery R&d  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation by Steve Clarke, Applied Intellectual Capital, at the Flow Cells for Energy Storage Workshop held March 7-8, 2012, in Washington, DC.

93

CWRU awarded grant to build battery for smart grid, renewables New design for iron flow battery would enhance energy and economic security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

technologies ­ two of ARPA-E's goals. The key is a new battery architecture that enables greater energy storage and compressed air systems, which require large water supplies and land with mixed elevations, or access downhill through turbines that produce electricity. Compressed air stations pump air into caverns when

Rollins, Andrew M.

94

Batteries | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Batteries Batteries Batteries A small New York City startup is hoping it has the next big solution in energy storage. A video documents what the company's breakthrough means for the future of grid-scale energy storage. Learn more. First invented by Thomas Edison, batteries have changed a lot in the past century, but there is still work to do. Improving this type of energy storage technology will have dramatic impacts on the way Americans travel and the ability to incorporate renewable energy into the nation's electric grid. On the transportation side, the Energy Department is working to reduce the costs and weight of electric vehicle batteries while increasing their energy storage and lifespan. The Department is also supports research, development and deployment of battery technologies that would allow the

95

Batteries: Overview of Battery Cathodes  

SciTech Connect

The very high theoretical capacity of lithium (3829 mAh/g) provided a compelling rationale from the 1970's onward for development of rechargeable batteries employing the elemental metal as an anode. The realization that some transition metal compounds undergo reductive lithium intercalation reactions reversibly allowed use of these materials as cathodes in these devices, most notably, TiS{sub 2}. Another intercalation compound, LiCoO{sub 2}, was described shortly thereafter but, because it was produced in the discharged state, was not considered to be of interest by battery companies at the time. Due to difficulties with the rechargeability of lithium and related safety concerns, however, alternative anodes were sought. The graphite intercalation compound (GIC) LiC{sub 6} was considered an attractive candidate but the high reactivity with commonly used electrolytic solutions containing organic solvents was recognized as a significant impediment to its use. The development of electrolytes that allowed the formation of a solid electrolyte interface (SEI) on surfaces of the carbon particles was a breakthrough that enabled commercialization of Li-ion batteries. In 1990, Sony announced the first commercial batteries based on a dual Li ion intercalation system. These devices are assembled in the discharged state, so that it is convenient to employ a prelithiated cathode such as LiCoO{sub 2} with the commonly used graphite anode. After charging, the batteries are ready to power devices. The practical realization of high energy density Li-ion batteries revolutionized the portable electronics industry, as evidenced by the widespread market penetration of mobile phones, laptop computers, digital music players, and other lightweight devices since the early 1990s. In 2009, worldwide sales of Li-ion batteries for these applications alone were US$ 7 billion. Furthermore, their performance characteristics (Figure 1) make them attractive for traction applications such as hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and electric vehicles (EVs); a market predicted to be potentially ten times greater than that of consumer electronics. In fact, only Liion batteries can meet the requirements for PHEVs as set by the U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC), although they still fall slightly short of EV goals. In the case of Li-ion batteries, the trade-off between power and energy shown in Figure 1 is a function both of device design and the electrode materials that are used. Thus, a high power battery (e.g., one intended for an HEV) will not necessarily contain the same electrode materials as one designed for high energy (i.e., for an EV). As is shown in Figure 1, power translates into acceleration, and energy into range, or miles traveled, for vehicular uses. Furthermore, performance, cost, and abuse-tolerance requirements for traction batteries differ considerably from those for consumer electronics batteries. Vehicular applications are particularly sensitive to cost; currently, Li-ion batteries are priced at about $1000/kWh, whereas the USABC goal is $150/kWh. The three most expensive components of a Li-ion battery, no matter what the configuration, are the cathode, the separator, and the electrolyte. Reduction of cost has been one of the primary driving forces for the investigation of new cathode materials to replace expensive LiCoO{sub 2}, particularly for vehicular applications. Another extremely important factor is safety under abuse conditions such as overcharge. This is particularly relevant for the large battery packs intended for vehicular uses, which are designed with multiple cells wired in series arrays. Premature failure of one cell in a string may cause others to go into overcharge during passage of current. These considerations have led to the development of several different types of cathode materials, as will be covered in the next section. Because there is not yet one ideal material that can meet requirements for all applications, research into cathodes for Li-ion batteries is, as of this writ

Doeff, Marca M

2010-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

96

Batteries: Overview of Battery Cathodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

insertion reactions. For Li-ion battery materials, it refersis widespread throughout the Li-ion battery literature, thisthe chemistry of the Li-ion battery is not fixed, unlike the

Doeff, Marca M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

The theory of stabilization of the output power of a rechargeable fuel cell battery under conditions of significant concentration polarization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A theory is developed for the output power stabilization of a rechargeable fuel cell battery in which the reactants and the electrochemical reaction products are in the electrolyte. Possible means of voltage stabilization are considered which employ continuous-flow and continuous flow—circulation supply of the working solution (electrolyte) to a fuel cell. Expressions are derived for the effective stabilization time and the required electrolyte flow rate. For a battery with known output parameters, the means of stabilization have been optimized based on the electrolyte flow rate and time of stabilization. The optimum solution is shown to depend on the net energy losses in implementing the stabilization procedure.

I.G. Gurevich

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Probing the Degradation Mechanisms in Electrolyte Solutions for Li-ion Batteries by In-Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy  

SciTech Connect

One of the goals in the development of new battery technologies is to find new electrolytes with increased electrochemical stability. In-situ (scanning) transmission electron microscopy ((S)TEM) using an electrochemical fluid cell provides the ability to rapidly and directly characterize electrode/electrolyte interfacial reactions under battery relevant electrochemical conditions. Furthermore, as the electron beam itself causes a localized electrochemical reaction when it interacts with the electrolyte, the breakdown products that occur during the first stages of battery operation can potentially be simulated and characterized using a straightforward in-situ liquid stage (without electrochemical biasing capabilities). In this paper, we have studied the breakdown of a range of inorganic/salt complexes that are used in state-of-the-art Li-ion battery systems. The results of the in-situ (S)TEM experiments matches with previous stability tests performed during battery operation and the breakdown products and mechanisms are also consistent with known mechanisms. This analysis indicates that in-situ liquid stage (S)TEM observations can be used to directly test new electrolyte designs and provide structural insights into the origin of the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) formation mechanism.

Abellan Baeza, Patricia; Mehdi, Beata L.; Parent, Lucas R.; Gu, Meng; Park, Chiwoo; Xu, Wu; Zhang, Yaohui; Arslan, Ilke; Zhang, Jiguang; Wang, Chong M.; Evans, James E.; Browning, Nigel D.

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

99

Extreme Point Solutions for Infinite Network Flow Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robert L. Smith§. January 13, 2004. Abstract. We study capacitated network flow problems with supplies and demands defined on a countably infinite collection ...

2004-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

100

Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Batteries Batteries battery/cell diagram Battery/Cell Diagram Batteries are important to our everyday lives and show up in various consumer electronics and appliances, from MP3 players to laptops to our vehicles. Batteries play an important role in our vehicles and are gradually becoming more and more important as they assume energy storage responsibilities from fuel in vehicle propulsion systems. A battery is a device that stores chemical energy in its active materials and converts it, on demand, into electrical energy by means of an electrochemical reaction. An electrochemical reaction is a chemical reaction involving the transfer of electrons, and it is that reaction which creates electricity. There are three main parts of a battery: the anode, cathode, and electrolyte. The anode is the "fuel" electrode which gives up electrons to the external circuit to create the flow of electrons or electricity. The cathode is the oxidizing electrode which accepts electrons in the external circuit. Finally, the electrolyte carries the electric current, as ions, inside the cell, between the anode and cathode.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow battery solution" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Fracture-Flow-Enhanced Solute Diffusion into Fractured Rock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

influence of effective fracture aperture, Water Resourcesa system of parallel fractures, Water Resources Research,solutions for a single fractures, Water Resources Research,

Wu, Yu-Shu; Ye, Ming; Sudicky, E.A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

A study of structure and dynamics of polyelectrolyte solutions using flow birefringence measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stress optical data from polyelectrolytes (sodium polystyrenesulfonate) in aqueous solutions have been determined using flow birefringence. The stress optical rule was found to be violated in the semidilute unentangled concentration regime...

Chen, Shih Ping

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

103

Analytical Solutions for Multicomponent, Two-Phase Flow in Porous Media with Double Contact Discontinuities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the first instance of a double contact discontinuity in analytical solutions for multicomponent, two-phase flow in porous media. We use a three-component system with constant equilibrium ratios and fixed ...

Orr, F. M. Jr

104

A distributed converging overland flow model: 1. Mathematical solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MODEL The kinematic wave equations of continuity and momentum for a converging section are [Singh, 1974] 889 890 SHERMAN AND SINGH: FLOW MODELING, 1 X Fig. 1. Geometry of converging overland flow model. Oh O(uh) uh Ot q- Ox - q(x, t) q- L -- x (3...)' Q = uh = a(x,t)h n (4) where L is the length of the converging section (Figure 1). For a specified rainfall duration T, q(x, t) = 0 when t > T. We assume that n > 1. Eliminating u in (3) and (4), .we get Oh q_ na(x t)h \\"- Oh Ot ' Ox a(x, t...

Sherman, Bernard; Singh, Vijay P.

105

Finite element solutions of heat transfer in molten polymer flow in tubes with viscous dissipation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finite element solutions of heat transfer in molten polymer flow in tubes with viscous dissipation the results of finite element analysis of a heat transfer problem of flowing polymer melts in a tube­Nusselt problem 1. Introduction Heat transfer to incompressible viscous non-Newto- nian fluids is a problem

Wei, Dongming

106

Global weak solutions to magnetic fluid flows with nonlinear Maxwell-Cattaneo heat transfer law  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global weak solutions to magnetic fluid flows with nonlinear Maxwell-Cattaneo heat transfer law F transfer in a magnetic fluid flow under the action of an applied magnetic field. Instead of the usual heat-Cattaneo law, heat transfer, magnetic field, magnetization AMS subject classifications: 76N10, 35Q35. 1

Boyer, Edmond

107

Boosting batteries | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Boosting batteries Boosting batteries Broad use possible for lithium-silicon batteries Findings could pave the way for widespread adoption of lithium ion batteries for applications...

108

Thermodynamic Investigation of Electrolytes of the Vanadium Redox Flow Battery (II): A Study on Low-Temperature Heat Capacities and Thermodynamic Properties of VOSO4·2.63H2O(s)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermodynamic Investigation of Electrolytes of the Vanadium Redox Flow Battery (II): A Study on Low-Temperature Heat Capacities and Thermodynamic Properties of VOSO4·2.63H2O(s) ... The low-temperature heat capacities of VOSO4·2.63H2O(s) which is a key component in the electrolyte of the vanadium redox flow battery were measured by adiabatic calorimetry in the temperature range of (78 to 388) K, and the experimental values of the molar heat capacities in the temperature regions of (78 to 372) K were fitted to a polynomial equation. ... The vanadium redox flow battery (VRB) was first proposed and investigated by Skyllas-Kazacos et al.,(1, 2) in which the V(II)/V(III) and V(IV)/V(V) redox couples were successfully employed as the negative and positive half-cell electrolytes. ...

Ye Qin; Jian-Guo Liu; You-Ying Di; Chuan-Wei Yan; Chao-Liu Zeng; Jia-Zhen Yang

2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

109

Epitaxial Single Crystal Nanostructures for Batteries & PVs ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electrode Channel Flow DEMS Cell Sulfur@Carbon Cathodes for Lithium Sulfur Batteries Better Ham & Cheese: Enhanced Anodes and Cathodes for Fuel Cells Epitaxial Single...

110

Solutions and procedures to assure the flow in deepwater conditions  

SciTech Connect

Petrobras has been developing deep water oil fields located in Campos Basin, a vanguard subsea project which faces big challenges, one of them wax deposition in production flowlines. So, since 1990, Petrobras has been studying methods to prevent and remove paraffin-wax deposits. Tests of techniques based on chemical inhibition of crystal growth, thermo-chemical cleaning (SGN), mechanical cleaning (pigging), electrical heating and thermal insulation were done and the main results obtained at CENPES (Petrobras R and D Center) started to be used in the field in 1993. This paper presents solutions and procedures which has been used to minimize oil production losses at Campos Basin -- Brazil.

Gomes, M.G.F.M.; Pereira, F.B.; Lino, A.C.F.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

111

Bubbles Help Break Energy Storage Record for Lithium Air-Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bubbles Help Break Energy Storage Record for Lithium Air-Batteries Foam-base graphene keeps oxygen flowing in batteries that holds promise for electric vehicles January...

112

Battery electrode growth accommodation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrode for a lead acid flow through battery, the grids including a plastic frame, a plate suspended from the top of the frame to hang freely in the plastic frame and a paste applied to the plate, the paste being free to allow for expansion in the planar direction of the grid.

Bowen, Gerald K. (Cedarburg, WI); Andrew, Michael G. (Wauwatosa, WI); Eskra, Michael D. (Fredonia, WI)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Batteries - Home  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Battery Research, Development, and Testing Advanced Battery Research, Development, and Testing Argonne's Research Argonne plays a major role in the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) energy storage program within its Office of Vehicle Technologies. Activities include: Developing advanced anode and cathode materials under DOE's longer term exploratory R&D program Leading DOE's applied R&D program focused on improving lithium-ion (Li-Ion) battery technology for use in transportation applications Developing higher capacity electrode materials and electrolyte systems that will increase the energy density of lithium batteries for extended electric range PHEV applications Conducting independent performance and life tests on other advanced (Li-Ion, Ni-MH, Pb-Acid) batteries. Argonne's R&D focus is on advanced lithium battery technologies to meet the energy storage needs of the light-duty vehicle market.

114

EMSL - batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

batteries en Magnesium behavior and structural defects in Mg+ ion implanted silicon carbide. http:www.emsl.pnl.govemslwebpublicationsmagnesium-behavior-and-structural-defects-...

115

Batteries: Overview of Battery Cathodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

materials, although electro-active compounds containing these metals exist. Today’s technologically important cathodesactive field. Characteristics of battery cathode materials

Doeff, Marca M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Solutions of turbulent backward-facing step flow with heat transfer using the finite volume method  

SciTech Connect

The heated turbulent flow over a backward-facing step is numerically solved using the commercial computational fluid dynamics program FLUENT. The methods used here consist of the default power-law upwinding scheme, default multigrid equation solution method and a standard k-{var_epsilon} turbulence model with wall functions. A total of four separate cases are reported. The four cases consist of combinations of partially and fully developed flow at the inlet with uniform or developed temperature profiles. Three mesh refinements are reported for each flow.

Horstman, R.H. [Boeing Commercial Airplane, Seattle, WA (United States). Environmental Control Systems R& D; Cochran, R.J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Emergy, A.F. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

117

FTWORK: A three-dimensional groundwater flow and solute transport code  

SciTech Connect

The three-dimensional, finite-difference model, FTWORK, may be used to simulate groundwater flow and solute transport processes in fully saturated porous media. The model solves the flow and transport equations separately. Transport mechanisms considered include: advection, hydrodynamic dispersion, adsorption, and radioactive decay. This version of FTWORK also provides for parameter estimation of the steady-state flow applications. Also included in this version is a subroutine that allows linkage with a particle tracking program, GEOTRACK. 20 refs., 51 figs., 31 tabs.

Faust, C.R.; Sims, P.N.; Spalding, C.P.; Andersen, P.F. (GeoTrans, Inc., Herndon, VA (USA)); Stephenson, D.E. (Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

KAir Battery  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

KAir Battery, from Ohio State University, is commercializing highly energy efficient cost-effective potassium air batteries for use in the electrical stationary storage systems market (ESSS). Beyond, the ESSS market potential applications range from temporary power stations and electric vehicle.

119

One-pot synthesis of SnO{sub 2}/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite in ionic liquid-based solution and its application for lithium ion batteries  

SciTech Connect

Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • A facile and low-temperature method is developed for SnO{sub 2}/graphene composite. • Synthesis performed in a choline chloride-based ionic liquid. • The composite shows an enhanced cycling stability as anode for Li-ion batteries. • 4 nm SnO{sub 2} nanoparticles mono-dispersed on the surface of reduced graphene oxide. - Abstract: A facile and low-temperature method is developed for SnO{sub 2}/graphene composite which involves an ultrasonic-assistant oxidation–reduction reaction between Sn{sup 2+} and graphene oxide in a choline chloride–ethylene glycol based ionic liquid under ambient conditions. The reaction solution is non-corrosive and environmental-friendly. Moreover, the proposed technique does not require complicated infrastructures and heat treatment. The SnO{sub 2}/graphene composite consists of about 4 nm sized SnO{sub 2} nanoparticles with cassiterite structure mono-dispersed on the surface of reduced graphene oxide. As anode for lithium-ion batteries, the SnO{sub 2}/graphene composite shows a satisfying cycling stability (535 mAh g{sup ?1} after 50 cycles @100 mA g{sup ?1}), which is significantly prior to the bare 4 nm sized SnO{sub 2} nanocrsytals. The graphene sheets in the hybrid nanostructure could provide a segmentation effect to alleviate the volume expansion of the SnO{sub 2} and restrain the small and active Sn-based particles aggregating into larger and inactive clusters during cycling.

Gu, Changdong, E-mail: cdgu@zju.edu.cn; Zhang, Heng; Wang, Xiuli; Tu, Jiangping

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

120

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Redox Flow Battery (RFB) with Low-cost Electrolyte and Membrane Technologies - Thomas Kodenkandath, ITN Energy Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Innovative, high energy density Mn-V based RFB electrolytes as a Innovative, high energy density Mn-V based RFB electrolytes as a low-cost alternate to all-Vanadium systems * Low-cost membrane technology, based on renewable biopolymer Chitosan with improved proton conduction & chemical stability, adaptable to Mn-V system * Scale-up of electrolyte and membrane technologies in pursuit of ARPA-E's goal for a 2.5kW/10kWh RFB stack with integrated BoS at a total cost of ~$1000/unit and ~1.2 m 3 footprint ITN Energy Systems, Inc., Littleton, CO 2.5kW/10kWh Redox Flow Battery (RFB) with Low-cost Electrolyte and Membrane Technologies $2.1 M, 33-month program awarded by ARPA-E Sept 7, 2012 Dr. Thomas Kodenkandath High-Performance, Low-cost RFB through Electrolyte & Membrane Innovations Technology Summary

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121

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Flow-Assisted Zinc Anode Batteries for Grid-Scale Electricity Storage - Sanjoy Banerjee, CUNY Energy Institute  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GRID-CONNECTED SYSTEM! GRID-CONNECTED SYSTEM! !"#$%&'()* !"#$%&'()* The CUNY EI is developing and testing hardware/software systems for peak shaving applications in commercial and industrial buildings 30KWH DEMONSTRATION !"#$%&'()*+&,-./01&2134/5& 6/57+340-4/3&809-+&6/5-+6&:%-0;/& 0/68:'?&@+/0;1&A+3<484/& & '()*+&B(CC&9/&(+4/;0-4/6&B(4%&D+E F )*+& (+&F"G!& G""H&=1:C/3& I&J"K&=7C859(:&@L:(/+:1& I&M"K&@+/0;1&@L:(/+:1& & =755/0:(-C(N/6&91&>09-+&@C/:40(:&O7B/0& %.PQRR340(+;"""GS8/P(+:S:75& FLOW-ASSISTED ZINC ANODE BATTERIES FOR GRID-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE !

122

Modeling the reactive inorganic solute distributions in the groundwater flow systems of the Hanford Site using inverse analytical modeling techniques.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Inverse analytical techniques were used to model solute distributions and determine transport parameters for two flow systems in the Yakima Basalt subgroup at the Hanford… (more)

Adamski, Mark Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Testing and benchmarking of a three-dimensional groundwater flow and solute transport model  

SciTech Connect

A three-dimensional finite-difference model was developed to simulate groundwater flow and solute transport. The model is intended for application to a variety of groundwater resource and solute migration evaluations, including several complex sites at the Savannah River Plant (SRP). Because the model, FTWORK, is relatively new, there is a need to provide confidence in the model results. Methodologies that test models include comparisons with analytical solutions, comparisons with empirical data, and checking that conservation properties hold. Another level of testing is the comparison of one code against another. This paper describes the testing and benchmarking procedure used to verify the validate FTWORK.

Sims, P.N.; Andersen, P.F.; Faust, C.R. [GeoTrans, Inc., Herndon, VA (United States); Stephenson, D.E. [E.I. DuPont de Nemours and Co., Aiken, SC (United States)

1988-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

124

Advanced battery thermal management for electrical-drive vehicles using reciprocating cooling flow and spatial-resolution, lumped-capacitance thermal model.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The thermal management of traction battery systems for electrical-drive vehicles directly affects vehicle dynamic performance, long-term durability and cost of the battery systems. The… (more)

Mahamud, Rajib

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Numerical solutions of moment equations for flow in heterogeneous composite aquifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical solutions of moment equations for flow in heterogeneous composite aquifers C. L. Winter on the composite media theory of Winter and Tartakovsky [2000, 2002], which allows one to derive and solve moment a representative composite medium to investigate the robustness of perturbation approximations in porous medium

Tartakovsky, Daniel M.

126

A cell boundary–element method for viscous laminar flow solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Reynolds-number cases and they agree well with the patterns presented...figure 16. On the linear-log scale adopted in figure 16...carried out against a number of well-documented flow solutions...Huntsville, AL: University of Alabama Press. Peyret, R. & Taylor...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Batteries: Overview of Battery Cathodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Titanates as High-Energy Cathode Materials for Li-IonI, Amine K (2009) High Energy Cathode Material for Long-LifeA New Cathode Material for Batteries of High Energy Density.

Doeff, Marca M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Vehicle Battery Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vehicle Battery Basics Vehicle Battery Basics Vehicle Battery Basics November 22, 2013 - 1:58pm Addthis Batteries are essential for electric drive technologies such as hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and all-electric vehicles (AEVs). What is a Battery? A battery is a device that stores chemical energy and converts it on demand into electrical energy. It carries out this process through an electrochemical reaction, which is a chemical reaction involving the transfer of electrons. Batteries have three main parts, each of which plays a different role in the electrochemical reaction: the anode, cathode, and electrolyte. The anode is the "fuel" electrode (or "negative" part), which gives up electrons to the external circuit to create a flow of electrons, otherwise

129

A Simplified Solution For Gas Flow During a Blow-out in an H2 or Air Storage Cavern  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and hydrogen storage in salt caverns. Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) is experiencing a rise in interest-form solutions of the blow-out problem. These solutions are applied to the cases of compressed air storageA Simplified Solution For Gas Flow During a Blow-out in an H2 or Air Storage Cavern Pierre Bérest

Boyer, Edmond

130

Promising Magnesium Battery Research at ALS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Promising Magnesium Battery Research Promising Magnesium Battery Research at ALS Promising Magnesium Battery Research at ALS Print Wednesday, 23 January 2013 16:59 toyota battery a) Cross-section of the in situ electrochemical/XAS cell with annotations. b) Drawing and c) photograph of the assembled cell. Alternatives to the current lithium-ion-based car batteries are at the forefront of the automotive industry's research agenda-manufacturers want to build cars with longer battery life, and to do that they're going to have to find new solutions. One promising battery material is magnesium (Mg)-it is more dense than lithium, it is safer, and the magnesium ion carries a two-electron charge, giving it potential as a more efficient energy source. Magnesium has a high volumetric capacity, which could mean

131

SECONDARY BATTERIES – LITHIUM RECHARGEABLE SYSTEMS | Overview  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rechargeable lithium batteries have conquered the markets for portable consumer electronics and, recently, for electric vehicles. Lithium, the lightest and one of the most reactive of metals, having the greatest electrochemical potential (E°=–3.045 V), provides very high energy and power densities in batteries. As lithium metal reacts violently with water and can ignite into flame, modern lithium-ion batteries use carbon negative electrode and lithium metal oxide positive electrode. The electrolyte is usually based on a lithium salt in organic solution. Thin-film batteries use solid oxide or polymer electrolytes. Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries (containing an intercalation negative electrode) should not be confused with nonrechargeable lithium primary batteries (containing metallic lithium). This article outlines energy storage in lithium batteries, basic cell chemistry, positive electrode materials, negative electrode materials, electrolytes, and state-of-charge (SoC) monitoring.

P. Kurzweil; K. Brandt

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Argonne TTRDC - APRF - Research Activities - Ultracapacitors with Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Active Combination of Ultracapacitors with Batteries for PHEVs Active Combination of Ultracapacitors with Batteries for PHEVs Ultracapacitors Ultracapacitors will dramatically boost the power of lithium-ion batteries, enabling plug-in vehicles to travel much further on a single charge. Lithium-ion battery The newest generation of lithium-ion battery (foreground) has an energy density three times that of the batteries in today's electric cars (background). Argonne researchers are investigating the benefits of combining ultracapacitors with lithium-ion batteries. This combination can dramatically boost the power of lithium-ion batteries, offering a potential solution to the battery-related challenges facing electric vehicles. This technology can: Exponentially increase the calendar and cycle lifetimes of lithium-ion batteries

133

Numerical Polynomial Homotopy Continuation Method to Locate All The Power Flow Solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The manuscript addresses the problem of finding all solutions of power flow equations or other similar nonlinear system of algebraic equations. This problem arises naturally in a number of power systems contexts, most importantly in the context of direct methods for transient stability analysis and voltage stability assessment. We introduce a novel form of homotopy continuation method called the numerical polynomial homotopy continuation (NPHC) method that is mathematically guaranteed to find all the solutions without ever encountering a bifurcation. The method is based on embedding the real form of power flow equation in complex space, and tracking the generally unphysical solutions with complex values of real and imaginary parts of the voltage. The solutions converge to physical real form in the end of the homotopy. The so-called $\\gamma$-trick mathematically rigorously ensures that all the paths are well-behaved along the paths, so unlike other continuation approaches, no special handling of bifurcations is necessary. The method is \\textit{embarrassingly parallelizable} and can be applied to reasonably large sized systems. We demonstrate the technique by analysis of several standard test cases up to the 14-bus system size. Finally, we discuss possible strategies for scaling the method to large size systems, and propose several applications for transient stability analysis and voltage stability assessment.

Dhagash Mehta; Hung Nguyen; Konstantin Turitsyn

2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

134

Similarity Flow Solutions of a Non-Newtonian Power-law Fluid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we present a mathematical analysis for a steady-state laminar boundary layer flow, governed by the Ostwald-de Wael power-law model of an incompressible non- Newtonian fluid past a semi-infinite power-law stretched flat plate with uniform free stream velocity. A generalization of the usual Blasius similarity transformation is used to find similarity solutions [1]. Under appropriate assumptions, partial differential equations are transformed into an autonomous third-order nonlinear degenerate ordinary differential equation with boundary conditions. Using a shooting method, we establish the existence of an infinite number of global unbounded solutions. The asymptotic behavior is also discussed. Some properties of those solutions depend on the viscosity power-law index.

Guedda, Mohamed

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Batteries to someone by Batteries to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries on AddThis.com... Just the Basics Hybrid & Vehicle Systems Energy Storage Batteries Battery Systems Applied Battery Research Long-Term Exploratory Research Ultracapacitors Advanced Power Electronics & Electrical Machines Advanced Combustion Engines Fuels & Lubricants Materials Technologies Batteries battery/cell diagram Battery/Cell Diagram Batteries are important to our everyday lives and show up in various

136

Electrical Energy Storage for the Grid: A Battery of Choices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...long research and development path. Fig. 4...the anode and a cathode consisting of...lithium battery cathodes . J. Electrochem...tetrahydroxybenzoquinone: Toward the development of a sustainable...battery research and development . J. Electrochem...Rechargeable alkali-ion cathode-flow battery...

Bruce Dunn; Haresh Kamath; Jean-Marie Tarascon

2011-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

137

Highly Reversible Open Framework Nanoscale Electrodes for Divalent Ion Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reversible insertion of divalent ions such as magnesium would allow the creation of new battery chemistries that are potentially safer and cheaper than lithium-based batteries. ... New developments in the chem. of secondary and flow batteries as well as regenerative fuel cells are also considered. ...

Richard Y. Wang; Colin D. Wessells; Robert A. Huggins; Yi Cui

2013-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

138

Sulfur@Carbon Cathodes for Lithium Sulfur Batteries > Research...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electrode Channel Flow DEMS Cell Sulfur@Carbon Cathodes for Lithium Sulfur Batteries Better Ham & Cheese: Enhanced Anodes and Cathodes for Fuel Cells Epitaxial Single...

139

Chloroaluminate-Doped Conducting Polymers as Positive Electrodes in Rechargeable Aluminum Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

These energy densities are competitive for grid-scale energy storage; they are on par with those of flow battery(2, 46, 47) and lead-acid(2, 48) systems. ... Skyllas-Kazacos, M.; Chakrabarti, M. H.; Hajimolana, S. A.; Mjalli, F. S.; Saleem, M.Progress in Flow Battery Research and Development J. Electrochem. ... Progress in Flow Battery Research and Development ...

Nicholas S. Hudak

2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

140

The role of effective stress on silica solubility and pressure solution: an experimental investigation in a flow-through system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE ROLE OF EFFECTIVE STRESS ON SILICA SOLUBILITY AND PRESSURE SOLUTION: AN EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION IN A FLOW-THROUGH SYSTEM A Thesis by BRIAN PATRICK ELIAS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1989 Major Subject: Geology THE ROLE OF EFFECTIVE STRESS ON SILICA SOLUBILITY AND PRES SURE SOLUTION: AN EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION IN A FLOW-THROUGH SYSTEM A Thesis by BRIAN...

Elias, Brian Patrick

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow battery solution" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

CFEST Coupled Flow, Energy & Solute Transport Version CFEST005 User’s Guide  

SciTech Connect

The CFEST (Coupled Flow, Energy, and Solute Transport) simulator described in this User’s Guide is a three-dimensional finite-element model used to evaluate groundwater flow and solute mass transport. Confined and unconfined aquifer systems, as well as constant and variable density fluid flows can be represented with CFEST. For unconfined aquifers, the model uses a moving boundary for the water table, deforming the numerical mesh so that the uppermost nodes are always at the water table. For solute transport, changes in concentra¬tion of a single dissolved chemical constituent are computed for advective and hydrodynamic transport, linear sorption represented by a retardation factor, and radioactive decay. Although several thermal parameters described in this User’s Guide are required inputs, thermal transport has not yet been fully implemented in the simulator. Once fully implemented, transport of thermal energy in the groundwater and solid matrix of the aquifer can also be used to model aquifer thermal regimes. The CFEST simulator is written in the FORTRAN 77 language, following American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards. Execution of the CFEST simulator is controlled through three required text input files. These input file use a structured format of associated groups of input data. Example input data lines are presented for each file type, as well as a description of the structured FORTRAN data format. Detailed descriptions of all input requirements, output options, and program structure and execution are provided in this User’s Guide. Required inputs for auxillary CFEST utilities that aide in post-processing data are also described. Global variables are defined for those with access to the source code. Although CFEST is a proprietary code (CFEST, Inc., Irvine, CA), the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory retains permission to maintain its own source, and to distribute executables to Hanford subcontractors.

Freedman, Vicky L.; Chen, Yousu; Gilca, Alex; Cole, Charles R.; Gupta, Sumant K.

2006-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

142

Subcritical Finite-Amplitude Solutions for Plane Couette Flow of Viscoelastic Fluids Alexander N. Morozov and Wim van Saarloos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Subcritical Finite-Amplitude Solutions for Plane Couette Flow of Viscoelastic Fluids Alexander N is shown to exhibit a purely elastic subcritical instability at a very small-Reynolds number in spite. In this Letter we show that visco- elastic plane Couette flow (PCF) exhibits a subcritical instability to finite

van Saarloos, Wim

143

Metal-Air Batteries  

SciTech Connect

Metal-air batteries have much higher specific energies than most currently available primary and rechargeable batteries. Recent advances in electrode materials and electrolytes, as well as new designs on metal-air batteries, have attracted intensive effort in recent years, especially in the development of lithium-air batteries. The general principle in metal-air batteries will be reviewed in this chapter. The materials, preparation methods, and performances of metal-air batteries will be discussed. Two main metal-air batteries, Zn-air and Li-air batteries will be discussed in detail. Other type of metal-air batteries will also be described.

Zhang, Jiguang; Bruce, Peter G.; Zhang, Gregory

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Battery business boost  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... year, A123 formed deals with the US car manufacturer Chrysler to make batteries for its electric cars. Other applications for A123 products include batteries for portable power tools and huge batteries ... batteries are not yet developed enough to be considered for use in its Prius hybrid electric car, preferring instead to keep using nickel metal hydride batteries. ...

Katharine Sanderson

2009-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

145

Temporal evolution of pore geometry, fluid flow, and solute transport resulting from colloid deposition  

SciTech Connect

Deposition of colloidal particles is one of many processes that lead to the evolution of the structure of natural porous media in groundwater aquifers, oil reservoirs, and sediment beds. Understanding of the mechanisms and effects of this type of structural evolution has been limited by a lack of direct observations of pore structure. Here, synchrotron X-ray difference microtomography (XDMT) was used to resolve the temporal evolution of pore structure and the distribution of colloidal deposits within a granular porous medium. Column filtration experiments were performed to observe the deposition of relatively high concentrations of colloidal zirconia (200 mg/l of particles having diameter {approx}1 {micro}m) in a packed bed of glass beads (diameters 210-300 {micro}m). Noninvasive XDMT imaging of the pore structure was performed three separate times during each column experiment. The structural information observed at each time was used to define internal boundary conditions for three-dimensional lattice Boltzmann (LB) simulations that show how the evolving pore structure affects pore fluid flow and solute transport. While the total deposit mass increased continuously over time, colloid deposition was observed to be highly heterogeneous and local colloid detachment was observed at some locations in a low ionic strength medium. LB simulations indicated that particle accumulation greatly reduced the permeability of the porous medium while increasing the tortuosity. The colloidal deposits also increased the spatial variability in pore water velocities, leading to higher dispersion coefficients. Anomalous dispersion behavior was investigated by simulation at the scale of the experimental system: weak tailing was found in the clean bed case, and the extent of tailing greatly increased following colloid deposition because of the development of extensive no-flow regions. As a result of this coupling between pore fluid flow, colloid accumulation, and the pore geometry, colloid deposition is expected to strongly influence long-term solute dynamics in cases where solute transport is either accompanied by high colloid influx or where the passage of the solute front mobilizes and then redistributes material from the porous matrix.

Chen, Cheng; Lau, Boris L.; Gaillard, J.-F.; Packman, A.I.; (NWU)

2010-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

146

Laboratory study on the behaviour of spent AA household alkaline batteries in incineration  

SciTech Connect

The quantitative evaluation of emissions from incineration is essential when Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies consider this process as an end-of-life solution for some wastes. Thus, the objective of this work is to quantify the main gaseous emissions produced when spent AA alkaline batteries are incinerated. With this aim, batteries were kept for 1 h at 1273 K in a refractory steel tube hold in a horizontal electric furnace with temperature control. At one end of the refractory steel tube, a constant air flow input assures the presence of oxygen in the atmosphere and guides the gaseous emissions to a filter system followed by a set of two bubbler flasks having an aqueous solution of 10% (v/v) nitric acid. After each set of experiments, sulphur, chlorides and metals (As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sb, Tl and Zn) were analyzed in both the solutions obtained from the steel tube washing and from the bubblers. Sulphur, chlorides and metals were quantified, respectively, using barium sulfate gravimetry, the Volhard method and atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS). The emissions of zinc, the most emitted metal, represent about 6.5% of the zinc content in the batteries. Emissions of manganese (whose oxide is the main component of the cathode) and iron (from the cathode collector) are negligible when compared with their amount in AA alkaline batteries. Mercury is the metal with higher volatility in the composition of the batteries and was collected even in the second bubbler flask. The amount of chlorides collected corresponds to about 36% of the chlorine in the battery sleeve that is made from PVC. A considerable part of the HCl formed in PVC plastic sleeve incineration is neutralized with KOH, zinc and manganese oxides and, thus, it is not totally released in the gas. Some of the emissions are predictable through a thermodynamic data analysis at temperatures in the range of 1200-1300 K taking into account the composition of the batteries. This analysis was done for most of potential reactions between components in the batteries as well as between them and the surrounding atmosphere and it reasonably agrees the experimental results. The results obtained show the role of alkaline batteries at the acid gases cleaning process, through the neutralization reactions of some of their components. Therefore, LCA of spent AA alkaline batteries at the municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration process must consider this contribution.

Almeida, Manuel F. [LEPAE, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, 4200-465 Porto (Portugal)], E-mail: mfa@fe.up.pt; Xara, Susana M.; Delgado, Julanda; Costa, Carlos A. [LEPAE, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, 4200-465 Porto (Portugal)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

147

Testing of a refuelable zinc/air bus battery  

SciTech Connect

We report tests of a refuelable zinc/air battery of modular, bipolar-cell design, intended for fleet electric busses and vans. The stack consists of twelve 250-cm{sup 2} cells built of two units: (1) a copper-clad glass-reinforced epoxy board supporting anode and cathode current collectors, and (2) polymer frame providing for air- and electrolyte distribution and zinc fuel storage. The stack was refueled in 4 min. by a hydraulic transfer of zinc particles entrained in solution flow.

Cooper, J.F.; Fleming, D.; Koopman, R.; Hargrove, D.; Maimoni, A.; Peterman, K.

1995-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

148

Battery Safety Testing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

mechanical modeling battery crash worthiness for USCAR Abuse tolerance evaluation of cells, batteries, and systems Milestones Demonstrate improved abuse tolerant cells and...

149

Solution for laminar natural convection flows in a square cavity with temperature dependent viscosity  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an examination of numerical results for the buoyancy-driven convection heat transfer problem, in a two-dimensional enclosure under steady-state, laminar, incompressible, and temperature dependent viscosity fluid flow conditions. The vertical walls are exposed to different temperatures and the top and bottom are insulated. Rayleigh numbers of 10{sup 4}, 10{sup 5}, and 10{sup 6} are considered. Specific heat, thermal conductivity, and the thermal expansion coefficient are assumed constant. Density variation is included using the Oberbeck-Boussinesq approximation. The results are obtained using the SIMPLEC solution technique based on a power-law, finite-volume discretization scheme. The hydrodynamic and thermal fields are presented at various locations in the enclosures.

Sanchez, J.G. [Parsons Brinckerhoff, New York, NY (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

150

Geometric pumping induced by shear flow in dilute liquid crystalline polymer solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate nonlinear rheology of dilute liquid crystalline polymer solutions under time dependent two-directional shear flow. We analyze the Smoluchowski equation, which describes the dynamics of the orientation of a liquid crystalline polymer, by employing technique of the full counting statistics. In the adiabatic limit, we derive the expression for time integrated currents generated by a Berry-like curvature. Using this expression, it is shown that the expectation values of the time-integrated angular velocity of a liquid crystalline polymer and the time-integrated stress tensor are generally not zero even if the time average of the shear rate is zero. The validity of the theoretical calculations is confirmed by direct numerical simulations of the Smoluchowski equation. Nonadiabatic effects are also investigated by simulations and it is found that the time-integrated stress tensor depends on the speed of the modulation of the shear rate if we adopt the isotropic distribution as an initial state.

Shunsuke Yabunaka; Hisao Hayakawa

2014-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

151

An approximate solution for the start-up flow of a power-law fluid in a tube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A theoretical solution of the unsteady-state momentum equation for the start-up flow of a power-law fluid in circular tubes is presented. The solution is obtained with an approximate technique which has previously proved to be useful in solving other transport problems involving nonlinear partial differential equations and explicit asymptotic expressions for the velocity profiles and flow-rates as functions of time are given. The accuracy of the method is checked by comparing the results with the existing exact analytical solution of Gromekha—Szymanski which applies for the Newtonian case and the results are believed to be good approximations for moderate and large values of time. An interesting aspect of the results is the effect of the flow behaviour index and the imposed pressure gradient on the start-up time.

J. Sestak; M.E. Charles

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Solutions Manual x Fluid Mechanics, Fifth Edition190 Solution: (a) For incompressible flow, the volume flow is the same at piston and exit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the volume flow is the same at piston and exit: 3 3 2 1 1 16 0.366 (0.75 ) , . (a) 4 piston cm in Q A V in V solve V Ans s s S in 0.83 s (b) If there is 10% leakage, the piston must deliver both needle flow

Bahrami, Majid

153

Comparison of unsaturated flow and solute transport through waste rock at two experimental scales using temporal moments and numerical modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study analyzed and compared unsaturated flow response and tracer breakthrough curves from a 10-m high constructed pile experiment (CPE) in the field (Antamina, Peru) and two 0.8 m high laboratory-based columns. Similar materials were used at both experimental scales, with the exception of a narrower grain size distribution range for the smaller column tests. Observed results indicate flow and solute transport regimes between experimental scales were comparable, dominated by flow and solute migration through granular matrix materials. These results are supported by: analogous breakthrough curves (normalized to cross-sectional area and flow path length) that suggest observation- or smaller- scale heterogeneities within the porous media have been homogenized or smoothed at the transport-scale, long breakthrough tails, and similar recovered tracer mass fractions (i.e., 0.72 – 0.80) at the end of the experiment. CPE breakthrough curves do indicate a portion of the fluid flow follows rapid flow paths (open void or film flow); however, this portion accounts for a minor (i.e., ~ 0.1%) component of the overall flow and transport regime. Flow-corrected temporal moment analysis was used to estimate flow and transport parameter values, however large temporal variations in flow indicate this method is better suited for conceptualizing transport regimes. In addition, a dual-porosity mobile-immobile (MIM), rate-limited mass-transfer approach was able to simulate tracer breakthrough and the dominant transport regimes from both scales. Dispersivity values used in model simulations reflect a scale-dependency, whereby column values were approximately 2x smaller than those values applied in CPE simulations. The mass-transfer coefficient, for solute transport between mobile and immobile regions, was considered as a model calibration factor. Column experiments are characterized by a larger ‘mobile to immobile’ porosity ratio and a shorter experimental duration and flow path, which supports larger mass-transfer coefficient values (relative to the CPE). These results demonstrate that laboratory-based experiments may be able to mimic flow regimes observed in the field; however, the requirement of scale-dependent dispersivities and in particular mass-transfer coefficients indicates these tests may be more limited in understanding larger-scale solute transport between regions of different mobility. Nevertheless, the results of this study suggest that the reasonably simplistic modeling approaches utilized in this study may be applied at other field sites to estimate parameters and conceptualize dominant transport processes through highly heterogeneous, unsaturated material.

Sharon Blackmore; Leslie Smith; K. Ulrich Mayer; Roger D. Beckie

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Redox Flow Batteries, a Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and water. For a fuel cell, hydrogen oxidizes at the anode5. 2.1.5 Hydrogen-based systems A fuel cell takes a fuel (

Weber, Adam Z.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Safety Hazards of Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Safety Hazards of Batteries Safety Hazards of Batteries Battery technology is at the heart of much of our technological revolution. One of the most prevalent rechargeable batteries in use today is the Lithium-ion battery. Cell phones, laptop computers, GPS systems, iPods, and even cars are now using lithium- ion rechargeable battery technology. In fact, you probably have a lithium-ion battery in your pocket or purse right now! Although lithium-ion batteries are very common there are some inherent dangers when using ANY battery. Lithium cells are like any other technology - if they are abused and not used for their intended purpose catastrophic results may occur, such as: first-, second-, and third-degree burns, respiratory problems, fires, explosions, and even death. Please handle the lithium-ion batteries with care and respect.

156

Optima Batteries | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Optima Batteries Jump to: navigation, search Name: Optima Batteries Place: Milwaukee, WI Website: http:www.optimabatteries.com References: Optima Batteries1 Information About...

157

Evolution of Strategies for Modern Rechargeable Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(3) Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion: Interrupted by the first energy crisis and a move to the University of Oxford, England, he has used his experience with oxides to develop electrodes and solid electrolytes for rechargeable batteries and for the solid oxide fuel cell. ... The sodium–sulfur battery has also opened the door to consideration of other high-temperature battery configurations, viz. a gaseous fuel-cell/electrolysis-cell cycle via an Fe/FeOx oxidation/reduction, based on the solid-oxide fuel-cell technology. ... composites constitute flowable semi-solid fuels that are here charged and discharged in prototype flow cells. ...

John B. Goodenough

2012-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

158

Snowball Earth: A thin-ice solution with flowing sea glaciers David Pollard and James F. Kasting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

optical properties of sea ice and with the equatorward flow of sea glaciers. Here we use a coupled energy processes beyond the scope of zonal mean energy-balance models may significantly affect the solutions and (2 today's value. This is approximately the value of the solar constant predicted at 600 Myr ago [Gough

159

The instability of Long's stationary solution and the evolution toward severe downslope windstorm flow. Part I: Nested grid numerical simulations  

SciTech Connect

Through direct numerical simulation, the instability of Long's exact finite-amplitude steady-state solution to the problem of stratified flow over topography and the subsequent evolution towards severe downslope windstorm flow is investigated. The integrations are limited with Long's analytical solution and are calculated in a model domain that employs three levels of interactive grid nesting. In this manner, the resolution achieved is approximately a factor of 10 greater than that previously employed. As a result of this increased resolution, three distinct stages of windstorm development are explicitly identified. In the first, convection acts to neutralize the region of overturned isentropes. During the next stage, a large-amplitude stationary disturbance develops above the lee slope of the topography. In time, small-scale secondary shear instability develops in local regions of enhanced shear associated with flow perturbations caused by the large-amplitude disturbance. In the final stage of development, these modes of shear instability evolve to larger spatial scale and come to dominate the flow in the mature windstorm state. In our analysis, it is furthermore demonstrated that these stages of development can be qualitatively and, to some extent, quantitatively reproduced in a parallel flow extracted from a cross section through Long's solution if a horizontally localized forcing, designed to enhance the vertical shear in the background wind field, is imposed. 30 refs., 11 figs.

Scinocca, J.F.; Peltier, W.R. (Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada))

1993-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

160

Power Generation Using Graphene and Silver Nano Composite Based Paper Battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper gives a detailed insight on a revolutionizing and gratifying solution of energy storage through Paper Batteries and provides an in-depth analysis of the same. A Paper Battery is a flexible, ultrathi...

Suman; Prashant Shukla; Meeta Gera; Vinod Kumar Jain

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow battery solution" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Conservative solute approximation to the transport of a remedial reagent in a vertical circulation flow field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary This study presents a novel mathematical model for describing the transport of the remedial reagent in a vertical circulation flow field in an anisotropic aquifer. To develop the mathematical model, the radial and vertical components of the pore water velocity are calculated first by using an analytical solution for steady-state drawdown distribution near a vertical circulation well. Next, the obtained radial and vertical components of the pore water velocity are then incorporated into a three-dimensional axisymmetrical advection–dispersion equation in cylindrical coordinates from which to build the reagent transport equation. The Laplace transform finite difference technique is applied to solve the three-dimensional axisymmetrical advection–dispersion equation with spatial variable-dependent coefficients. The developed mathematical model is used to investigate the effects of various parameters such as hydraulic conductivity anisotropy, longitudinal and transverse dispersivities, the placement of the extraction and injection screened intervals of the vertical circulation well and the injection modes on the transport regime of the remedial reagent. Results show that those parameters have different degrees of impacts on the distribution of the remedial reagent. The mathematical model provides an effective tool for designing and operating an enhanced groundwater remediation in an anisotropic aquifer using the vertical circulation well technology.

Jui-Sheng Chen; Cheng-Shin Jang; Chung-Ting Cheng; Chen-Wuing Liu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

EOS9nT: A TOUGH2 module for the simulation of flow and solute/colloid transport  

SciTech Connect

EOS9nT is a new TOUGH2 module for the simulation of flow and transport of an arbitrary number n of tracers (solutes and/or colloids) in the subsurface. The module first solves the flow-related equations, which are comprised of (a) the Richards equation and, depending on conditions, may also include (b) the flow equation of a dense brine or aqueous suspension and/or (c) the heat equation. A second set of transport equations, corresponding to the n tracers, are then solved sequentially. The low concentrations of the n tracers are considered to have no effect on the liquid phase, thus making possible the decoupling of their equations. The first set of equations in EOS9nT provides the flow regime and account for fluid density variations due to thermal and/or solute concentration effects. The n tracer transport equations account for sorption, radioactive decay, advection, hydrodynamic dispersion, molecular diffusion, as well as filtration (for colloids only). EOS9nT can handle gridblocks or irregular geometry in three-dimensional domains. Preliminary results from four 1-D verification problems show an excellent agreement between the numerical predictions and the known analytical solutions.

Moridis, G.J.; Wu, Y.S.; Pruess, K.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Modeling & Simulation - Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Production of Batteries for Electric and Hybrid Vehicles Production of Batteries for Electric and Hybrid Vehicles battery assessment graph Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries are currently being implemented in hybrid electric (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric (PHEV), and electric (EV) vehicles. While nickel metal-hydride will continue to be the battery chemistry of choice for some HEV models, Li-ion will be the dominate battery chemistry of the remaining market share for the near-future. Large government incentives are currently necessary for customer acceptance of the vehicles such as the Chevrolet Volt and Nissan Leaf. Understanding the parameters that control the cost of Li-ion will help researchers and policy makers understand the potential of Li-ion batteries to meet battery energy density and cost goals, thus enabling widespread adoption without incentives.

164

Batteries and Fuel Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collage of electric cars, plug, battery research lab Collage of electric cars, plug, battery research lab Batteries and Fuel Cells EETD researchers study the basic science and development of advanced batteries and fuel cells for transportation, electric grid storage, and other stationary applications. This research is aimed at developing more environmentally friendly technologies for generating and storing energy, including better batteries and fuel cells. Li-Ion and Other Advanced Battery Technologies Research conducted here on battery technology is aimed at developing low-cost rechargeable advanced electrochemical batteries for both automotive and stationary applications. The goal of fuel cell research is to provide the technologies for the successful commercialization of polymer-electrolyte and solid oxide fuel

165

Battery cell feedthrough apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact, hermetic feedthrough apparatus is described comprising interfitting sleeve portions constructed of chemically-stable materials to permit unique battery designs and increase battery life and performance. 8 figs.

Kaun, T.D.

1995-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

166

Batteries and Fuel Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A battery is a device which can store chemical energy and, on demand, convert it into electrical energy to drive an external circuit. The importance of batteries to modern life surely requires no emphasis. Eve...

Derek Pletcher

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Batteries and fuel cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A battery is a device which can store chemical energy and, on demand, convert it into electrical energy to drive an external circuit. The importance of batteries to modern life surely requires no emphasis. Eve...

Derek Pletcher; Frank C. Walsh

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Continued development of a semianalytical solution for two-phase fluid and heat flow in a porous medium  

SciTech Connect

Over the past few years the authors have developed a semianalytical solution for transient two-phase water, air, and heat flow in a porous medium surrounding a constant-strength linear heat source, using a similarity variable {eta} = r/{radical}t. Although the similarity transformation approach requires a simplified geometry, all the complex physical mechanisms involved in coupled two-phase fluid and heat flow can be taken into account in a rigorous way, so that the solution may be applied to a variety of problems of current interest. The work was motivated by adverse to predict the thermohydrological response to the proposed geologic repository for heat-generating high-level nuclear wastes at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, in a partially saturated, highly fractured volcanic formation. The paper describes thermal and hydrologic conditions near the heat source; new features of the model; vapor pressure lowering; and the effective-continuum representation of a fractured/porous medium.

Doughty, C.; Pruess, K. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Subcritical finite-amplitude solutions in plane Couette flow of visco-elastic fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plane Couette flow of visco-elastic fluids is shown to exhibit a purely elastic subcritical instability in spite of being linearly stable. The mechanism of this instability is proposed and the nonlinear stability analysis of plane Couette flow of the Upper-Convected Maxwell fluid is presented. It is found that above the critical Weissenberg number, a small finite-size perturbation is sufficient to create a secondary flow, and the threshold value for the amplitude of the perturbation decreases as the Weissenberg number increases. The results suggest a scenario for weakly turbulent visco-elastic flow which is similar to the one for Newtonian fluids as a function of Reynolds number.

Alexander N. Morozov; Wim van Saarloos

2004-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

170

Laboratory analysis of fluid flow and solute transport through a variably saturated fracture embedded in porous tuff  

SciTech Connect

Laboratory techniques are developed that allow concurrent measurement of unsaturated matrix hydraulic conductivity and fracture transmissivity of fractured rock blocks. Two Apache Leap tuff blocks with natural fractures were removed from near Superior, Arizona, shaped into rectangular prisms, and instrumented in the laboratory. Porous ceramic plates provided solution to block tops at regulated pressures. Infiltration tests were performed on both test blocks. Steady flow testing of the saturated first block provided estimates of matrix hydraulic conductivity and fracture transmissivity. Fifteen centimeters of suction applied to the second block top showed that fracture flow was minimal and matrix hydraulic conductivity was an order of magnitude less than the first block saturated matrix conductivity. Coated-wire ion-selective electrodes monitored aqueous chlorided breakthrough concentrations. Minute samples of tracer solution were collected with filter paper. The techniques worked well for studying transport behavior at near-saturated flow conditions and also appear to be promising for unsaturated conditions. Breakthrough curves in the fracture and matrix, and a concentration map of chloride concentrations within the fracture, suggest preferential flows paths in the fracture and substantial diffusion into the matrix. Average travel velocity, dispersion coefficient and longitudinal dispersivity in the fracture are obtained. 67 refs., 54 figs., 23 tabs.

Chuang, Y.; Haldeman, W.R.; Rasmussen, T.C.; Evans, D.D. [Arizona Univ., Tucson, AZ (USA). Dept. of Hydrology and Water Resources

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

The Science of Battery Degradation.  

SciTech Connect

This report documents work that was performed under the Laboratory Directed Research and Development project, Science of Battery Degradation. The focus of this work was on the creation of new experimental and theoretical approaches to understand atomistic mechanisms of degradation in battery electrodes that result in loss of electrical energy storage capacity. Several unique approaches were developed during the course of the project, including the invention of a technique based on ultramicrotoming to cross-section commercial scale battery electrodes, the demonstration of scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) to probe lithium transport mechanisms within Li-ion battery electrodes, the creation of in-situ liquid cells to observe electrochemical reactions in real-time using both transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and STXM, the creation of an in-situ optical cell utilizing Raman spectroscopy and the application of the cell for analyzing redox flow batteries, the invention of an approach for performing ab initio simulation of electrochemical reactions under potential control and its application for the study of electrolyte degradation, and the development of an electrochemical entropy technique combined with x-ray based structural measurements for understanding origins of battery degradation. These approaches led to a number of scientific discoveries. Using STXM we learned that lithium iron phosphate battery cathodes display unexpected behavior during lithiation wherein lithium transport is controlled by nucleation of a lithiated phase, leading to high heterogeneity in lithium content at each particle and a surprising invariance of local current density with the overall electrode charging current. We discovered using in-situ transmission electron microscopy that there is a size limit to lithiation of silicon anode particles above which particle fracture controls electrode degradation. From electrochemical entropy measurements, we discovered that entropy changes little with degradation but the origin of degradation in cathodes is kinetic in nature, i.e. lower rate cycling recovers lost capacity. Finally, our modeling of electrode-electrolyte interfaces revealed that electrolyte degradation may occur by either a single or double electron transfer process depending on thickness of the solid-electrolyte- interphase layer, and this cross-over can be modeled and predicted.

Sullivan, John P; Fenton, Kyle R [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; El Gabaly Marquez, Farid; Harris, Charles Thomas [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Hayden, Carl C.; Hudak, Nicholas [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Jungjohann, Katherine Leigh [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Kliewer, Christopher Jesse; Leung, Kevin [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; McDaniel, Anthony H.; Nagasubramanian, Ganesan [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Sugar, Joshua Daniel; Talin, Albert Alec; Tenney, Craig M [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Zavadil, Kevin R. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Benchmark solution for a three-dimensional mixed convection flow -Detailed technical report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in many industrial applications: thermal and chemical reactors, chimneys, solar collectors, thermal-dimensional mixed convection flow in a horizontal rectangular channel heated from below and cooled from above) configuration (i.e. mixed convection flows in horizontal rectan- gular channels heated from below

Boyer, Edmond

173

Flow electrolysis on high surface electrode for biodegradability enhancement of sulfamethazine solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solutions I. Saidi1, 3, 4 , I. Soutrel2, 4 , F. Fourcade1, 2, 4 , A. Amrane* 1, 2, 4 , D. Floner1, 4 , N

Boyer, Edmond

174

The Salty Science of the Aluminum-Air Battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fruit batteries and saltwater batteries are excellent ways to explore simple circuits in the classroom. These are examples of air batteries1 in which metal reacts with oxygen in the air in order to generate free electrons which flow through an external circuit and do work. Students are typically told that the salt or fruit water acts as an electrolyte to bring electrons from the anode to the cathode. That's true but it leaves the battery as a black box. Physics teachers often don't have the background to explain the chemistry behind these batteries. We've written this paper to explore the electrochemistry behind an air battery using coppercathode aluminum anode and saltwater.

Stephanie V. Chasteen; N. Dennis Chasteen; Paul Doherty

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Determination of Transport Properties From Flowing Fluid Temperature LoggingIn Unsaturated Fractured Rocks: Theory And Semi-Analytical Solution  

SciTech Connect

Flowing fluid temperature logging (FFTL) has been recently proposed as a method to locate flowing fractures. We argue that FFTL, backed up by data from high-precision distributed temperature sensors, can be a useful tool in locating flowing fractures and in estimating the transport properties of unsaturated fractured rocks. We have developed the theoretical background needed to analyze data from FFTL. In this paper, we present a simplified conceptualization of FFTL in unsaturated fractured rock, and develop a semianalytical solution for spatial and temporal variations of pressure and temperature inside a borehole in response to an applied perturbation (pumping of air from the borehole). We compare the semi-analytical solution with predictions from the TOUGH2 numerical simulator. Based on the semi-analytical solution, we propose a method to estimate the permeability of the fracture continuum surrounding the borehole. Using this proposed method, we estimated the effective fracture continuum permeability of the unsaturated rock hosting the Drift Scale Test (DST) at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Our estimate compares well with previous independent estimates for fracture permeability of the DST host rock. The conceptual model of FFTL presented in this paper is based on the assumptions of single-phase flow, convection-only heat transfer, and negligible change in system state of the rock formation. In a sequel paper [Mukhopadhyay et al., 2008], we extend the conceptual model to evaluate some of these assumptions. We also perform inverse modeling of FFTL data to estimate, in addition to permeability, other transport parameters (such as porosity and thermal conductivity) of unsaturated fractured rocks.

Mukhopadhyay, Sumit; Tsang, Yvonne W.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Thermal Management of High-Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The battery power and lifetime depend to a large...cool...) is usually reduced using a high volumetric flow rate. Lathin technology from Behr ensures efficient temperature homogenisation (locally adapted thermal ...

Dr.-Ing. Matthias Stripf; Dr.-Ing. Manuel Wehowski…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Qualitative thermal characterization and cooling of lithium batteries for electric vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper deals with the cooling of batteries. The first step was the thermal characterization of a single cell of the module, which consists in the detection of the thermal field by means of thermographic tests during electric charging and discharging. The purpose was to identify possible critical hot points and to evaluate the cooling demand during the normal operation of an electric car. After that, a study on the optimal configuration to obtain the flattening of the temperature profile and to avoid hot points was executed. An experimental plant for cooling capacity evaluation of the batteries, using air as cooling fluid, was realized in our laboratory in ENEA Casaccia. The plant is designed to allow testing at different flow rate and temperatures of the cooling air, useful for the assessment of operative thermal limits in different working conditions. Another experimental facility was built to evaluate the thermal behaviour changes with water as cooling fluid. Experimental tests were carried out on the LiFePO4 batteries, under different electric working conditions using the two loops. In the future, different type of batteries will be tested and the influence of various parameters on the heat transfer will be assessed for possible optimal operative solutions.

A Mariani; F D'Annibale; G Boccardi; G P Celata; C Menale; R Bubbico; F Vellucci

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Kinetic solution to the Mach probe problem in transversely flowing strongly magnetized plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The kinetic equation governing a strongly magnetized transverse plasma flow past a convex ion-collecting object is solved numerically for arbitrary ion to electron temperature ratio ?. The approximation of isothermal ions ...

Patacchini, Leonardo

179

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced lithium-ion batteries Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

being undertaken at ISEM... .isem.uow.edu.au 12;Project Lithium ion batteries for Electric Vehicles (EVs) Aims To provide novel solutions... to enhance the performance ......

180

Batteries Breakout Session  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

capture external conditions (consumer and infrastructure) * Capture Secondary use of batteries * EV100 Primary Vehicle, felt not practical? Barriers Interfering with Reaching the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow battery solution" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Improving the batteries for electric drive vehicles, including hybrid electric (HEV) and plug-in electric (PEV) vehicles, is key to improving vehicles' economic, social, and environmental...

182

battery2.indd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High Power Battery Systems Company 5 Silkin Street, Apt. 40 Sarov, Nizhny Novgorod Russia, 607190 Alexander A. Potanin 7-(83130)-43701 (phonefax), potanin@hpbs.ru General...

183

GBP Battery | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GBP Battery Place: China Product: Shenzhen-China-based maker of Li-Poly and Li-ion batteries suitable for EVs and other applications. References: GBP Battery1 This article is...

184

Non-Aqueous Battery Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...0 V. Practical non-aqueous batteries have energies extending from 100...electric watches to 20 kWh secondary batteries being developed for vehicle traction...10 years, to a military lithium thermal battery delivering all of its energy in...

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Thermo-mechanical Behavior of Lithium-ion Battery Electrodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Developing electric vehicles is widely considered as a direct approach to resolve the energy and environmental challenges faced by the human race. As one of the most promising power solutions to electric cars, the lithium ion battery is expected...

An, Kai

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

186

FLOW AND REACTIVE TRANSPORT IN POROUS MEDIA INDUCED BY WELL INJECTION: SIMILARITY SOLUTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with radius '' ? 0. Figure 1. Injection of contaminant into the soil (N = 2). *Delft University of Technology and Stochastics, Hausvogteiplatz 5­7, D­O­1086 Berlin, GERMANY. #12; The water flow regime is characterized by flushing with clean water. As the analysis of both cases is substantially different, we will restrict here

187

Analytical solution of the regenerator temperature distribution in a thermoacoustic device with mean flow  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Previous work by the authors has identified a potential for improvement in the efficiency of a traveling wave thermoacoustic engine by replacing the hot heat exchanger with a steady flow of hot gas. An essential step in determining the feasibility of such an engine lies in determining how the mean flow affects the temperature distribution in the regenerator which in turn affects its acoustic driving capability. In the current work the second order time?averaged thermoacoustic energy equation with mean flow is solved analytically for the mean temperature distribution in the regenerator. The resulting expression accounts for the dependence of the working fluid’s thermal conductivity and viscosity on temperature and results in a nearly exponential temperature profile. The specific effects of mean flow axial conduction acoustic velocity amplitude and gas property variation on the temperature distribution in the regenerator will be explored. In turn the effect of the temperature profile on regenerator performance will also be reviewed. In addition to their usefulness in the feasibility study these results can also be applied to assess losses in existing thermoacoustic engines and refrigerators where acoustic streaming results in unwanted net mass flux through the regenerator.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

On the Critical Solutions in Coating and Rimming Flow on a Uniformly Rotating Horizontal Cylinder  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Mathematics, University of Strathclyde, Livingstone Tower, 26 Richmond Street, Glasgow G1 1XH) [Received...results (fi lled squares denote results for SAE 30 oil, open squares ' Gold X ' oil, and stars SAE 50 oil) FLOW ON A ROTATING CYLINDER 381 Fig......

S. K. Wilson; R. Hunt; B. R. Duffy

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Exact shearing box solutions of magnetohydrodynamic flows with resistivity, viscosity and cooling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......wavevector. The overall shape of this diagram roughly follows Fig. 3(c) with a maximum...numerical dissipation, but an arbitrary MHD flow cannot be decomposed into such modes...without the pressure term can be found for MHD shearing waves. We plan in future work......

Pierre Lesaffre; Steven A. Balbus

2007-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

190

Similarity flow solutions of a non-Newtonian power-law fluid Mohamed Guedda, Zakia Hammouch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for a steady-state laminar bound- ary layer flow, governed by the Ostwald-de Wael power-law model-Newtonian fluid mechanics is the Ostwald-de Wael model (with a power-law rheology [2, 3, 4, 5, 6]), which

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

191

Prieto Battery | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Colorado-based startup company that is developing lithium ion batteries based on nano-structured materials. References: Prieto Battery1 This article is a stub. You can...

192

Thermo–chemical treatments based on NH3/O2 for improved graphite-based fiber electrodes in vanadium redox flow batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Electrochemical behavior of the polyacrylonitrile (PAN)-based graphite as a low cost electrode material for vanadium based redox batteries (VFB) in sulfuric acid medium has been improved by means of the successful introduction of nitrogen and oxygen-containing groups at the graphite surface by thermal activation under NH3/O2 (1:1) atmosphere. Influence of the temperature and treatment duration times have been studied towards the positive reaction of VFB. The structure, composition, and electrochemical properties of the treated samples have been characterized with field emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The estimation of electrochemical surface area has also been evaluated. The treatment of PAN graphite material at 773 K for 24-h leads to electrode materials with the best electrochemical activity towards the VO 2 + /VO2+ redox couple. This method produces an increase of the nitrogen and oxygen content at the surface up to 8% and 32%, respectively, and is proved to be a straightforward and cost-effective methodology. This improvement of the electrochemical properties is attributed to the incorporation of the nitrogen and oxygen-containing groups that facilitate the electron transfer through the electrode/electrolyte interface for both oxidation and reduction processes.

Cristina Flox; Javier Rubio-García; Marcel Skoumal; Teresa Andreu; Juan Ramón Morante

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Probing the Degradation Mechanisms in Electrolyte Solutions for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Degradation Mechanisms in Electrolyte Solutions for Li-ion Batteries by In-Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy. Probing the Degradation Mechanisms in Electrolyte Solutions for...

194

Unstructured mesh methods for the solution of the unsteady compressible flow equations with moving boundary components  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...unstructured mesh-based procedures for the solution...that adaptive mesh procedures can be readily...approaches for handling problems of this...automatic hole cutting procedures, with the meshes...paper reviews the technologies used in the second...formula can be applied for the viscous...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Batteries - Beyond Lithium Ion Breakout session  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BEYOND LITHIUM ION BREAKOUT BEYOND LITHIUM ION BREAKOUT Breakout Session #1 - Discussion of Performance Targets and Barriers Comments on the Achievability of the Targets * 1 - Zn-Air possible either w/ or w/o electric-hybridization; also possible with a solid electrolyte variant * 2 - Multivalent systems (e.g Mg), potentially needing hybrid-battery * 3 - Advanced Li-ion with hybridization @ cell / molecular level for high-energy and high- power * 4 - MH-air, Li-air, Li-S, all show promise * 5 - High-energy density (e.g. Na-metal ) flow battery can meet power and energy goals * 6 - Solid-state batteries (all types) * 7 - New cathode chemistries (beyond S) to increase voltage * 8 - New high-voltage non-flammable electrolytes (both li-ion and beyond li-ion) * 9 - Power to energy ratio of >=12 needed for fast charge (10 min)  So liquid refill capable

196

Transient behavior of simultaneous flow of gas and surfactant solution in consolidated porous media  

SciTech Connect

The main objective of this experimental research was to investigate the mechanisms of foam generation and propagation in porous media. Results obtained give an insight into the conditions of foam generation and propagation in porous media. The rate of propagation of foam is determined by the rates of lamellae generation, destruction, and trapping. Several of the factors that contribute to foam generation have studied with Chevron Chaser SD1000 surfactant. Interfacial tension (IFT) measurements were performed using a spinning drop apparatus. The IFT of two surfactant samples of different concentrations were measured with dodecane and crude oil from the Huntington Beach Field as a function of temperature and time. Foam was used as an oil-displacing fluid. However, when displacing oil, foam was not any more effective than simultaneous brine and gas injection. A series of experiments was performed to study the conditions of foam generation in Berea sandstone cores. Results show that foam may be generated in sandstone at low flow velocities after extended incubation periods. The effect of pregenerating foam before injection into the sandstone was also studied. The pressure profiles in the core were monitored using three pressure taps along the length of the core. A systematic study of foaming with different fluid velocities and foam qualities provides extensive data for foam flow conditions. 134 refs., 57 figs., 2 tabs.

Baghdikian, S.Y.; Handy, L.L.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Modeling the reactive inorganic solute distributions in the groundwater flow systems of the Hanford Site using inverse analytical modeling techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wallula Gap Row Sand Hallow Flows Sliver Fans Flo Ginkgo Flows Palause Falls Flow Vantage Intarbad Undifferent a e 0 s Rocky Coulee Flow Levering Flow Cohaeeet Row Unnamed Flow Birkett Flow Undifferentiated Flows McCoy Canyon Flow Unnamed... penetrate and have provided water samples for the flow systems in the Frenchman Springs and Rocky Coulee flows are: Ford, McGee, Enyeart, DB-11, RRL-2, DC-16, DC-19, DC-2, DB-15, DC-7, and DC-15. Based on the hydraulic data obtained from these wells...

Adamski, Mark Robert

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

SOLAR BATTERY CHARGERS FOR NIMH BATTERIES1 Abstract -This paper proposes new solar battery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOLAR BATTERY CHARGERS FOR NIMH BATTERIES1 Abstract - This paper proposes new solar battery chargers for NiMH batteries. Used with portable solar panels, existing charge control methods are shown of consumer portable solar arrays. These new arrays are lightweight, durable, and flexible and have been

Lehman, Brad

199

Lithium Metal Anodes for Rechargeable Batteries. | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Metal Anodes for Rechargeable Batteries. Lithium Metal Anodes for Rechargeable Batteries. Abstract: Rechargeable lithium metal batteries have much higher energy density than those...

200

Blue Sky Batteries Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Batteries Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Blue Sky Batteries Inc Place: Laramie, Wyoming Zip: 82072-3 Product: Nanoengineers materials for rechargeable lithium batteries....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow battery solution" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Design and Simulation of Lithium Rechargeable Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gabano, Ed. , Lithium Batteries, Academic Press, New York,K. V. Kordesch, "Primary Batteries 1951-1976," J. Elec- n ~.Rechargeable Lithium Batteries," J. Electrochem. Soc. , [20

Doyle, C.M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Aerospatiale Batteries ASB | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aerospatiale Batteries ASB Jump to: navigation, search Name: Aerospatiale Batteries (ASB) Place: France Product: Research, design and manufacture of Thermal Batteries. References:...

203

American Battery Charging Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

American Battery Charging Inc Place: Smithfield, Rhode Island Zip: 2917 Product: Manufacturer of industrial and railroad battery chargers. References: American Battery Charging...

204

Temperature maintained battery system  

SciTech Connect

A chassis contains a battery charger connected to a multi-cell battery. The charger receives direct current from an external direct current power source and has means to automatically selectively charge the battery in accordance with a preselected charging program relating to temperature adjusted state of discharge of the battery. A heater device is positioned within the chassis which includes heater elements and a thermal switch which activates the heater elements to maintain the battery above a certain predetermined temperature in accordance with preselected temperature conditions occurring within the chassis. A cooling device within the chassis includes a cooler regulator, a temperature sensor, and peltier effect cooler elements. The cooler regulator activates and deactivates the peltier cooler elements in accordance with preselected temperature conditions within the chassis sensed by the temperature sensor. Various vehicle function circuitry may also be positioned within the chassis. The contents of the chassis are positioned to form a passage proximate the battery in communication with an inlet and outlet in the chassis to receive air for cooling purposes from an external source.

Newman, W.A.

1980-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

205

Electrochemically Stable Cathode Current Collectors for Rechargeable Magnesium Batteries  

SciTech Connect

Rechargeable Mg batteries are attractive energy storage systems and could bring cost-effective energy solutions. Currently, however, no practical cathode current collectors that can withstand high voltages in Mg2+ electrolytes has been identified and therefore cathode research is greatly hindered. Here we identified that two metals, Mo and W, are electrochemically stable through formation of surface passive layers. The presented results could have significant impacts on the developments of high voltage Mg batteries.

Cheng, Yingwen; Liu, Tianbiao L.; Shao, Yuyan; Engelhard, Mark H.; Liu, Jun; Li, Guosheng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Nickel coated aluminum battery cell tabs  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A battery cell tab is described. The battery cell tab is anodized on one end and has a metal coating on the other end. Battery cells and methods of making battery cell tabs are also described.

Bucchi, Robert S.; Casoli, Daniel J.; Campbell, Kathleen M.; Nicotina, Joseph

2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

207

Shortcut computation for the thermal management of a large air-cooled battery pack  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Thermal management is crucial to maintain the performance of large battery packs in electric vehicles. To this end, we present herein a shortcut computational method to rapidly estimate the flow and temperature profiles in a parallel airflow-cooled large battery pack with wedge-shaped plenums for airflow distribution. The method couples a flow resistance network model with a transient heat transfer model to calculate the temperature distribution in a battery pack as influenced by the airflows within and among battery modules in the pack. The effects of the plate angle of the plenums, the minimal plenum width and the battery unit spacing on the airflow and temperature distributions are presented. Additionally, an example of collective parameter adjustment for acceptable temperature uniformity of a battery pack subjected to total volume constraint is given.

Zhongming Liu; Yuxin Wang; Jun Zhang; Zhibin Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Composite Manganese Oxide Percolating Networks As a Suspension Electrode for an Asymmetric Flow Capacitor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(1, 3-6) Many of these systems adopt several of the key benefits derived from flow battery systems, namely, the ability to obtain both scalable energy and power densities at a lower cost. ... Skyllas-Kazacos, M.; Chakrabarti, M.; Hajimolana, S.; Mjalli, F.; Saleem, M.Progress in Flow Battery Research and Development J. Electrochem. ... Progress in Flow Battery Research and Development ...

Kelsey B. Hatzell; Lei Fan; Majid Beidaghi; Muhammad Boota; Ekaterina Pomerantseva; Emin C. Kumbur; Yury Gogotsi

2014-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

209

Electrocatalysts for Nonaqueous Lithium–Air Batteries:...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electrocatalysts for Nonaqueous Lithium–Air Batteries: Status, Challenges, and Perspective. Electrocatalysts for Nonaqueous Lithium–Air Batteries: Status, Challenges,...

210

Battery Vent Mechanism And Method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed herein is a venting mechanism for a battery. The venting mechanism includes a battery vent structure which is located on the battery cover and may be integrally formed therewith. The venting mechanism includes an opening extending through the battery cover such that the opening communicates with a plurality of battery cells located within the battery case. The venting mechanism also includes a vent manifold which attaches to the battery vent structure. The vent manifold includes a first opening which communicates with the battery vent structure opening and second and third openings which allow the vent manifold to be connected to two separate conduits. In this manner, a plurality of batteries may be interconnected for venting purposes, thus eliminating the need to provide separate vent lines for each battery. The vent manifold may be attached to the battery vent structure by a spin-welding technique. To facilitate this technique, the vent manifold may be provided with a flange portion which fits into a corresponding groove portion on the battery vent structure. The vent manifold includes an internal chamber which is large enough to completely house a conventional battery flame arrester and overpressure safety valve. In this manner, the vent manifold, when installed, lessens the likelihood of tampering with the flame arrester and safety valve.

Ching, Larry K. W. (Littleton, CO)

2000-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

211

Battery venting system and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed herein is a venting mechanism for a battery. The venting mechanism includes a battery vent structure which is located on the battery cover and may be integrally formed therewith. The venting mechanism includes an opening extending through the battery cover such that the opening communicates with a plurality of battery cells located within the battery case. The venting mechanism also includes a vent manifold which attaches to the battery vent structure. The vent manifold includes a first opening which communicates with the battery vent structure opening and second and third openings which allow the vent manifold to be connected to two separate conduits. In this manner, a plurality of batteries may be interconnected for venting purposes, thus eliminating the need to provide separate vent lines for each battery. The vent manifold may be attached to the battery vent structure by a spin-welding technique. To facilitate this technique, the vent manifold may be provided with a flange portion which fits into a corresponding groove portion on the battery vent structure. The vent manifold includes an internal chamber which is large enough to completely house a conventional battery flame arrester and overpressure safety valve. In this manner, the vent manifold, when installed, lessens the likelihood of tampering with the flame arrester and safety valve.

Casale, Thomas J. (Aurora, CO); Ching, Larry K. W. (Littleton, CO); Baer, Jose T. (Gaviota, CA); Swan, David H. (Monrovia, CA)

1999-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

212

Method and apparatus for indicating electric charge remaining in batteries based on electrode weight and center of gravity  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In most electrochemical batteries which generate electricity through the reaction of a battery electrode with an electrolyte solution, the chemical composition, and thus the weight and density, of the electrode changes as the battery discharges. The invention measures a parameter of the battery which changes as the weight of the electrode changes as the battery discharges and relates that parameter to the value of the parameter when the battery is fully charged and when the battery is functionally discharged to determine the state-of-charge of the battery at the time the parameter is measured. In one embodiment, the weight of a battery electrode or electrode unit is measured to determine the state-of-charge. In other embodiments, where a battery electrode is located away from the geometrical center of the battery, the position of the center of gravity of the battery or shift in the position of the center of gravity of the battery is measured (the position of the center of gravity changes with the change in weight of the electrode) and indicates the state-of-charge of the battery. 35 figs.

Rouhani, S.Z.

1996-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

213

Method and apparatus for indicating electric charge remaining in batteries based on electrode weight and center of gravity  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In most electrochemical batteries which generate electricity through the reaction of a battery electrode with an electrolyte solution, the chemical composition, and thus the weight and density, of the electrode changes as the battery discharges. The invention measures a parameter of the battery which changes as the weight of the electrode changes as the battery discharges and relates that parameter to the value of the parameter when the battery is fully charged and when the battery is functionally discharged to determine the state-of-charge of the battery at the time the parameter is measured. In one embodiment, the weight of a battery electrode or electrode unit is measured to determine the state-of-charge. In other embodiments, where a battery electrode is located away from the geometrical center of the battery, the position of the center of gravity of the battery or shift in the position of the center of gravity of the battery is measured (the position of the center of gravity changes with the change in weight of the electrode) and indicates the state-of-charge of the battery.

Rouhani, S. Zia (Idaho Falls, ID)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Missouri Lithium-Ion Battery Company Hosts Tour With U.S. Deputy Secretary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Missouri Lithium-Ion Battery Company Hosts Tour With U.S. Deputy Missouri Lithium-Ion Battery Company Hosts Tour With U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Poneman Missouri Lithium-Ion Battery Company Hosts Tour With U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Poneman February 9, 2012 - 4:25pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - Today, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman toured Dow Kokam's new global battery research and development center, located in Lee's Summit, Missouri, outside of Kansas City, to highlight America's investments in cutting-edge energy innovations that are laying the building blocks for an American economy built to last. The R&D center aims to bring next-generation lithium-ion battery solutions to the market faster, increase battery performance and reduce their overall cost. Lithium batteries are used in a variety of everyday products from laptops to cell

215

Missouri Lithium-Ion Battery Company Hosts Tour With U.S. Deputy Secretary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Missouri Lithium-Ion Battery Company Hosts Tour With U.S. Deputy Missouri Lithium-Ion Battery Company Hosts Tour With U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Poneman Missouri Lithium-Ion Battery Company Hosts Tour With U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Poneman February 9, 2012 - 4:25pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - Today, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman toured Dow Kokam's new global battery research and development center, located in Lee's Summit, Missouri, outside of Kansas City, to highlight America's investments in cutting-edge energy innovations that are laying the building blocks for an American economy built to last. The R&D center aims to bring next-generation lithium-ion battery solutions to the market faster, increase battery performance and reduce their overall cost. Lithium batteries are used in a variety of everyday products from laptops to cell

216

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Painesville Municipal Electric Power Vanadium Redox Battery Demo Project - Jodi Startari, Ashlawn Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric Power Electric Power Vanadium Redox Battery Demonstration Project Jodi Startari Ashlawn Energy LLC Briefing Overview * Painesville Municipal Electric Power Plant Project Synopsis * Vanadium Redox Flow Battery Technology * City of Painesville Municipal Electric Plant History * Project Multiple Objectives and Additional Detail * Project Risk Analysis presented at previous Peer Review * Project to date progress * Cost Distribution * Summary/Conclusions * Future Tasks * Questions US Produced Vanadium Redox Flow Battery for Bulk Storage, Peak Shaving * 8 MW Hour redox flow battery (1MW 8 hours) * To be installed at Painesville Municipal Electric Plant (PMEP), a 32 MW coal fired facility * Most efficient PMEP operation is steady state at 26 MW (lowest emissions, lowest operating cost)

217

Battery using a metal particle bed electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A zinc-air battery in a case including a zinc particle bed supported adjacent the current feeder and diaphragm on a porous support plate which holds the particles but passes electrolyte solution. Electrolyte is recycled through a conduit between the support plate and top of the bed by convective forces created by a density of differential caused by a higher concentration of high density discharge products in the interstices of the bed than in the electrolyte recycle conduit.

Evans, James V. (Piedmont, CA); Savaskan, Gultekin (Albany, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Nuclear Batteries for Implantable Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The nuclear battery is so named because its source of ... the “nucleus” of the atoms of the fuel, rather than in the electrons that surround ... the fundamental source of energy for the chemical batteries describ...

David L. Purdy

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

batteries | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

batteries batteries Dataset Summary Description The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) publishes a wide selection of data and statistics on renewable energy power technologies from a variety of sources (e.g. EIA, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratory, EPRI and AWEA). In 2006, NREL published the 4th edition, presenting market and performance data for over a dozen technologies from publications from 1997 - 2004. Source NREL Date Released March 01st, 2006 (8 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords advanced energy storage batteries biomass csp fuel cells geothermal Hydro market data NREL performance data PV wind Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon Technology Profiles (market and performance data) (xls, 207.4 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review

220

Transparent lithium-ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...computers). Typically, a battery is composed of electrode...nanotubes (5, 7), graphene (11), and organic...is not suitable for batteries, because, to our knowledge...production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes...rechargeable lithium batteries . Nature 414 : 359 – 367...

Yuan Yang; Sangmoo Jeong; Liangbing Hu; Hui Wu; Seok Woo Lee; Yi Cui

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow battery solution" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Adaptive three-phase power-flow solutions for smart grids with plug-in hybrid electric vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper introduces an adaptive three-phase power flow method for smart grids with plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). The proposed method is developed based on the loop frame of reference. The operations of smart grids are inherently unbalanced because of the incomplete three-phase feeder arrangements, nonsymmetrical conductor spacing of three-phase underground cables and overhead lines, unbalanced loads, and a variety of distributed energy resources (DERs). Therefore, the proposed method was developed based on the actual phase (a–b–c) frame, rather than the sequence-component frame. To adapt the network topologies of smart grids, two solution strategies are used, one for radial smart grids and the other for non-radial smart grids. To demonstrate the validity and capability of the proposed algorithm, four IEEE feeder systems and an actual Taiwan Power Company (Taipower) distribution system are used as benchmarks for comparison purposes. The test results show that the proposed method is accurate, efficient, and adaptable, and it therefore has good potential for smart grid energy management system (EMS) applications.

Nien-Che Yang; Wei-Chih Tseng

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Batteries - EnerDel Lithium-Ion Battery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EnerDel/Argonne Advanced High-Power Battery for Hybrid Electric Vehicles EnerDel/Argonne Advanced High-Power Battery for Hybrid Electric Vehicles EnerDel lithium-ion battery The EnerDel Lithium-Ion Battery The EnerDel/Argonne lithium-ion battery is a highly reliable and extremely safe device that is lighter in weight, more compact, more powerful and longer-lasting than the nickel-metal hydride (Ni-MH) batteries in today's hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). The battery is expected to meet the U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium's $500 manufacturing price criterion for a 25-kilowatt battery, which is almost a sixth of the cost to make comparable Ni-MH batteries intended for use in HEVs. It is also less expensive to make than comparable Li-ion batteries. That cost reduction is expected to help make HEVs more competitive in the marketplace and enable consumers to receive an immediate payback in

223

Design parameters for fuel batteries operating in a zero G field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Some design parameters of a hydrazine—oxygen fuel battery operating in a zero G field are described in a digital computer programming treatment. The power balance for a battery employing a gas-producing electrode and an electrolyte pump is treated; optimum power densities and flow rates are established.

A.P. Hardt; H.M. Cota; J.L. Fick; T. Katan

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Energy Conversion Efficiency of Nanofluidic Batteries: Hydrodynamic Slip and Access Resistance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Conversion Efficiency of Nanofluidic Batteries: Hydrodynamic Slip and Access Resistance Yu and concentration polarization) on the energy conversion efficiency of pressure-driven electrolyte flow through battery system is its low energy conversion efficiency. Up to now, the energy conversion efficiencies have

Chang, Hsueh-Chia

225

Johnson Controls Develops an Improved Vehicle Battery, Works...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Johnson Controls Develops an Improved Vehicle Battery, Works to Cut Battery Costs in Half Johnson Controls Develops an Improved Vehicle Battery, Works to Cut Battery Costs in Half...

226

Thin-film Lithium Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thin-Film Battery with Lithium Anode Courtesy of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Materials Science and Technology Division Thin-Film Lithium Batteries Resources with Additional Information The Department of Energy's 'Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has developed high-performance thin-film lithium batteries for a variety of technological applications. These batteries have high energy densities, can be recharged thousands of times, and are only 10 microns thick. They can be made in essentially any size and shape. Recently, Teledyne licensed this technology from ORNL to make batteries for medical devices including electrocardiographs. In addition, new "textured" cathodes have been developed which have greatly increased the peak current capability of the batteries. This greatly expands the potential medical uses of the batteries, including transdermal applications for heart regulation.'

227

A Multiphase Traction/Fast-Battery-Charger Drive for Electric or Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Multiphase Traction/Fast-Battery-Charger Drive for Electric or Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles Solutions on an original electric drive [1]-[3] dedicated to the vehicle traction and configurable as a battery charger concerning the electrical machine control. This paper deals with the control of this drive [1], focusing

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

228

Simultaneous solution algorithms for Eulerian-Eulerian gas-solid flow models: Stability analysis and convergence behaviour of a point and a plane solver  

SciTech Connect

Simultaneous solution algorithms for Eulerian-Eulerian gas-solid flow models are presented and their stability analyzed. The integration algorithms are based on dual-time stepping with fourth-order Runge-Kutta in pseudo-time. The domain is solved point or plane wise. The discretization of the inviscid terms is based on a low-Mach limit of the multi-phase preconditioned advection upstream splitting method (MP-AUSMP). The numerical stability of the simultaneous solution algorithms is analyzed in 2D with the Fourier method. Stability results are compared with the convergence behaviour of 3D riser simulations. The impact of the grid aspect ratio, preconditioning, artificial dissipation, and the treatment of the source terms is investigated. A particular advantage of the simultaneous solution algorithms is that they allow a fully implicit treatment of the source terms which are of crucial importance for the Eulerian-Eulerian gas-solid flow models and their solution. The numerical stability of the optimal simultaneous solution algorithm is analyzed for different solids volume fractions and gas-solid slip velocities. Furthermore, the effect of the grid resolution on the convergence behaviour and the simulation results is investigated. Finally, simulations of the bottom zone of a pilot-scale riser with a side solids inlet are experimentally validated.

Wilde, Juray de [Laboratorium voor Petrochemische Techniek, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281, Blok S5, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium) and Fluid Mechanics Laboratory, Department of Fluid, Heat and Combustion Mechanics, Ghent University, St.-Pietersnieuwstraat 41, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium)]. E-mail: Guray.Marin@UGent.be; Vierendeels, Jan [Fluid Mechanics Laboratory, Department of Fluid, Heat and Combustion Mechanics, Ghent University, St.-Pietersnieuwstraat 41, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Heynderickx, Geraldine J. [Laboratorium voor Petrochemische Techniek, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281, Blok S5, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Marin, Guy B. [Laboratorium voor Petrochemische Techniek, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281, Blok S5, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium)

2005-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

229

Investigation of power battery thermal management by using mini-channel cold plate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In order to guarantee the safety and extend the cycle life of Li-ion power batteries within electric vehicles, a mini-channel cold plate-based battery thermal management system is designed to cool a rectangular Li-ion battery. A three-dimensional thermal model of the cooling system was established and the effects of number of channels, flow direction, inlet mass flow rate and ambient temperature on temperature rise and distribution of the battery during the discharge process were investigated. The results suggest that the maximum temperature of the battery decreases with increases in the number of channels and inlet mass flow rate. The effect of flow direction on cooling performance was smaller after mass flow rate increased. The cooling performance improved with the increase of inlet mass flow rate but the increasing trend became smaller, and the mass flow rate as 5 × 10?4 kg s?1 was optimal. The simulation results will be useful for the design of mini-channel cold plate-based battery thermal management system.

Yutao Huo; Zhonghao Rao; Xinjian Liu; Jiateng Zhao

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

A Flow-Through High-Pressure Electrical Conductance Cell for Determining of Ion Association of Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions at High Temperature and Pressure  

SciTech Connect

A flow-through high-pressure electrical conductance cell was designed and constructed to measure limiting molar conductances and ion association constants of dilute aqueous solutions with high precision at high temperatures and pressures. The basic concept of the cell employs the principle developed at the University of Delaware in 1995, but overall targets higher temperatures (to 600 C) and pressures (to 300 MPa). At present the cell has been tested by measuring aqueous NaCl and LiOH solutions (10{sup {minus}3} to 10{sup {minus}5} mol.kg{sup {minus}1}) to 405 C and 33 MPa with good results.

Bianchi, H.; Ho, P.C.; Palmer, D.A.; Wood, R.H.

1999-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

231

Advanced Battery Manufacturing (VA)  

SciTech Connect

LiFeBATT has concentrated its recent testing and evaluation on the safety of its batteries. There appears to be a good margin of safety with respect to overheating of the cells and the cases being utilized for the batteries are specifically designed to dissipate any heat built up during charging. This aspect of LiFeBATT’s products will be even more fully investigated, and assuming ongoing positive results, it will become a major component of marketing efforts for the batteries. LiFeBATT has continued to receive prismatic 20 Amp hour cells from Taiwan. Further testing continues to indicate significant advantages over the previously available 15 Ah cells. Battery packs are being assembled with battery management systems in the Danville facility. Comprehensive tests are underway at Sandia National Laboratory to provide further documentation of the advantages of these 20 Ah cells. The company is pursuing its work with Hybrid Vehicles of Danville to critically evaluate the 20 Ah cells in a hybrid, armored vehicle being developed for military and security applications. Results have been even more encouraging than they were initially. LiFeBATT is expanding its work with several OEM customers to build a worldwide distribution network. These customers include a major automotive consulting group in the U.K., an Australian maker of luxury off-road campers, and a number of makers of E-bikes and scooters. LiFeBATT continues to explore the possibility of working with nations that are woefully short of infrastructure. Negotiations are underway with Siemens to jointly develop a system for using photovoltaic generation and battery storage to supply electricity to communities that are not currently served adequately. The IDA has continued to monitor the progress of LiFeBATT’s work to ensure that all funds are being expended wisely and that matching funds will be generated as promised. The company has also remained current on all obligations for repayment of an IDA loan and lease payments for space to the IDA. A commercial venture is being formed to utilize the LiFeBATT product for consumer use in enabling photovoltaic powered boat lifts. Field tests of the system have proven to be very effective and commercially promising. This venture is expected to result in significant sales within the next six months.

Stratton, Jeremy

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

232

California Lithium Battery, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory 333 likes Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc., based in Belmont, California, uses Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscopes (DTEM) to enable imaging of nanoscale objects, such as proteins, thin films and nanoparticles at unprecedented time scales and frame rates. By utilizing a laser-driven electron source, DTEMs are able to produce short bursts of electrons that can form an image with nanometer resolution in as little as 10 nanoseconds. This enables observation of dynamics in material systems that play an important role in a wide range of energy technologies, including battery electrodes, petroleum catalysts, solar cell materials, and organisms for bio fuel growth. Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions uses technology

233

Batteries, mobile phones & small electrical devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at the ANU (eg. lead acid car batteries) send an email to recycle@anu.edu.au A bit of information about by batteries. Rechargeable batteries have been found to save resources, money and energy and therefore are a more environmentally friendly alternative to single use batteries. However rechargeable batteries

234

US advanced battery consortium in-vehicle battery testing procedure  

SciTech Connect

This article describes test procedures to be used as part of a program to monitor the performance of batteries used in electric vehicle applications. The data will be collected as part of an electric vehicle testing program, which will include battery packs from a number of different suppliers. Most data will be collected by on-board systems or from driver logs. The paper describes the test procedure to be implemented for batteries being used in this testing.

NONE

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

DOE to Provide up to $14 Million to Develop Advanced Batteries for Plug-in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Provide up to $14 Million to Develop Advanced Batteries for to Provide up to $14 Million to Develop Advanced Batteries for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles DOE to Provide up to $14 Million to Develop Advanced Batteries for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles April 5, 2007 - 12:17pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced that it will provide up to $14 million in funding for a $28 million cost-shared solicitation by the United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC), for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) battery development. This research aims to find solutions to improving battery performance so vehicles can deliver up to 40 miles of electric range without recharging. This would include most roundtrip daily commutes. "President Bush is committed to developing alternative fuels and

236

Applying the Battery Ownership Model in Pursuit of Optimal Battery...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Ownership Model in Pursuit of Optimal Battery Use Strategies 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

237

Enthalpy of Solution for Anhydrous VOSO4 and Estimated Enthalpy of Reaction for Formation of the Ion Pair [VOSO4]0  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The vanadium redox flow battery (VRB) is showing great promise as an efficient new energy-storage system for a wide range of applications. ... Oriji, G.; Katayama, Y.; Miura, T. Investigation on V(IV)/V(V) species in a vanadium redox flow battery Electrochim. ... Investigation on V(IV)/V(V) species in a vanadium redox flow battery ...

Jian-Guo Liu; Wei-Feng Xue; Ye Qin; Chuan-Wei Yan; Jia-Zhen Yang

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Vent construction for batteries  

SciTech Connect

A battery casing to be hermetically sealed is described the casing having main side walls with end walls bridging the end portions of the side walls, at least one of the end walls facing and being exposed to the battery interior, the improvement in vent means for the casing which ruptures when internal casing pressure exceeds a given value. The vent means include at least one vent-forming rib of a given length and width projecting outward from a portion of the end wall normally facing the battery interior, the rib being in a central band or segment of the one end wall and oriented so that the length of the rib is parallel to the band or segment; and the rib having formed therein a vent-forming groove which extends transversely of the length of the rib only part way substantially symmetrically along the transverse contour thereof, so that both ends of the groove are spaced from the base of the rib and the groove extends comparable distances on both sides of the top or center point of the rib contour.

Romero, A.

1986-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

239

Smoothing the Flow of Renewable Solar Energy in California's...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

which are packaged in small modules, iron-chromium flow batteries consist of two large tanks that store liquids (called electrolytes) containing the metals. During discharge, the...

240

Group solution for unsteady free-convection flow from a vertical moving plate subjected to constant heat flux  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The problem of heat and mass transfer in an unsteady free-convection flow over a continuous moving vertical sheet in an ambient fluid is investigated for constant heat flux using the group theoretical method. The nonlinear coupled partial differential ... Keywords: 22E05, 35Q53, 54H15, Free convective flow, Group theoretic method, Prandtl number, Thermal boundary layer

M. Kassem

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow battery solution" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Nickel recovery aids battery development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

GM is developing the zinc/nickel-oxide battery for the small commuter-type electric car that the company expects to produce in a few years. ...

1981-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

242

United States Advanced Battery Consortium  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of internal short circuit as a potential failure mechanism * Public Perception: - Media and other promotion of unrealistic expectations for battery capabilities present a...

243

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of batteries masks their chemical complexity. A typical lithium-ion battery in a cell phone consists of trillions of particles. When a lithium-ion battery is charged or...

244

Advanced battery modeling using neural networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

battery models are available today that can accurately predict the performance of the battery system. This thesis presents a modeling technique for batteries employing neural networks. The advantage of using neural networks is that the effect of any...

Arikara, Muralidharan Pushpakam

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Promising Magnesium Battery Research at ALS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Promising Magnesium Battery Research at ALS Promising Magnesium Battery Research at ALS Print Wednesday, 23 January 2013 16:59 toyota battery a) Cross-section of the in situ...

246

Block copolymer electrolytes for lithium batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

interface in the Li-ion battery. Electrochimica Acta 50,K. The role of Li-ion battery electrolyte reactivity inK. The role of Li-ion battery electrolyte reactivity in

Hudson, William Rodgers

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Multi-Objective Capacity Planning of a Pv-Wind-Diesel-Battery Hybrid Power System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new solution methodology of the capacity design problem of a PV-Wind-Diesel-Battery Hybrid Power System (HPS) is presented. The problem is formulated as a Linear Programming (LP) model with two objectives: minimizing ...

Saif, A.

248

Solid state thin film battery having a high temperature lithium alloy anode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved rechargeable thin-film lithium battery involves the provision of a higher melting temperature lithium anode. Lithium is alloyed with a suitable solute element to elevate the melting point of the anode to withstand moderately elevated temperatures.

Hobson, David O. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Graphene sheets decorated with ZnO nanoparticles as anode materials for lithium ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ZnO/graphene composites were synthesized using a facile solution- ... 4 nm were densely and homogeneously deposited on graphene sheets. As the anode material for the lithium ion batteries, the ZnO/graphene compos...

Ling-Li Xu; Shao-Wei Bian; Kang-Lin Song

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Chapter 16 - Lithium Battery Energy Storage: State of the Art Including Lithium–Air and Lithium–Sulfur Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Lithium, the lightest and one of the most reactive of metals, having the greatest electrochemical potential (E0 = ?3.045 V), provides very high energy and power densities in batteries. Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries (containing an intercalation negative electrode) have conquered the markets for portable consumer electronics and, recently, for electric vehicles. The electrolyte is usually based on a lithium salt in organic solution. Thin-film batteries use solid oxide or polymer electrolytes. As lithium metal reacts violently with water and can thus cause ignition, modern lithium-ion batteries use carbon negative electrodes and lithium metal oxide positive electrodes. Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries should not be confused with nonrechargeable lithium primary batteries (containing metallic lithium). This chapter covers all aspects of lithium battery chemistry that are pertinent to electrochemical energy storage for renewable sources and grid balancing.

Peter Kurzweil

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Sandia National Laboratories: Evaluating Powerful Batteries for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ClimateECEnergyEvaluating Powerful Batteries for Modular Electric Grid Energy Storage Evaluating Powerful Batteries for Modular Electric Grid Energy Storage Sandian Spoke at the...

252

Polymer Electrolytes for Advanced Lithium Batteries | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advanced Lithium Batteries Polymer Electrolytes for Advanced Lithium Batteries 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

253

Batteries lose in game of thorns | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Batteries lose in game of thorns Batteries lose in game of thorns Scientists see how and where disruptive structures form and cause voltage fading Images from EMSL's scanning...

254

Disordered Materials Hold Promise for Better Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Disordered materials hold promise for better batteries Disordered Materials Hold Promise for Better Batteries February 21, 2014 | Tags: Chemistry, Hopper, Materials Science,...

255

Hierarchically Structured Materials for Lithium Batteries. |...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

battery (LIB) is one of the most promising power sources to be deployed in electric vehicles (EV), including solely battery powered vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles,...

256

Ford Electric Battery Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ford Electric Battery Group Place: Dearborn, MI References: Ford Battery1 Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with...

257

Design and Simulation of Lithium Rechargeable Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Newman, "Thermal Modeling of the LithiumIPolymer Battery I.J. Newman, "Thermal Modeling of the LithiumIPolymer Battery

Doyle, C.M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Advanced Battery Factory | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Factory Jump to: navigation, search Name: Advanced Battery Factory Place: Shen Zhen City, Guangdong Province, China Product: Producers of lithium polymer batteries, established in...

259

Ovonic Battery Company Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ovonic Battery Company Inc Place: Michigan Zip: 48309 Sector: Hydro, Hydrogen Product: Focused on commercializing its patented and proprietary NiMH battery technology through...

260

Washington: Graphene Nanostructures for Lithium Batteries Recieves...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Washington: Graphene Nanostructures for Lithium Batteries Recieves 2012 R&D 100 Award Washington: Graphene Nanostructures for Lithium Batteries Recieves 2012 R&D 100 Award February...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow battery solution" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

PHEV Battery Cost Assessment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PHEV Battery Cost Assessment PHEV Battery Cost Assessment 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting...

262

PHEV Battery Cost Assessment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PHEV Battery Cost Assessment PHEV Battery Cost Assessment 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

263

Coordination Chemistry in magnesium battery electrolytes: how...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemistry in magnesium battery electrolytes: how ligands affect their performance. Coordination Chemistry in magnesium battery electrolytes: how ligands affect their performance....

264

Upgrading the Vanadium Redox Battery | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Upgrading the Vanadium Redox Battery Upgrading the Vanadium Redox Battery New electrolyte mix increases energy storage by 70 percent After developing a more effective...

265

A review of nuclear batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper reviews recent efforts in the literature to miniaturize nuclear battery systems. The potential of a nuclear battery for longer shelf-life and higher energy density when compared with other modes of energy storage make them an attractive alternative to investigate. The performance of nuclear batteries is a function of the radioisotope(s), radiation transport properties and energy conversion transducers. The energy conversion mechanisms vary significantly between different nuclear battery types, where the radioisotope thermoelectric generator, or RTG, is typically considered a performance standard for all nuclear battery types. The energy conversion efficiency of non-thermal-type nuclear batteries requires that the two governing scale lengths of the system, the range of ionizing radiation and the size of the transducer, be well-matched. Natural mismatches between these two properties have been the limiting factor in the energy conversion efficiency of small-scale nuclear batteries. Power density is also a critical performance factor and is determined by the interface of the radioisotope to the transducer. Solid radioisotopes are typically coated on the transducer, forcing the cell power density to scale with the surface area (limiting power density). Methods which embed isotopes within the transducer allow the power density to scale with cell volume (maximizing power density). Other issues that are examined include the limitations of shelf-life due to radiation damage in the transducers and the supply of radioisotopes to sustain a commercial enterprise. This review of recent theoretical and experimental literature indicates that the physics of nuclear batteries do not currently support the objectives of miniaturization, high efficiency and high power density. Instead, the physics imply that nuclear batteries will be of moderate size and limited power density. The supply of radioisotopes is limited and cannot support large scale commercialization. Niche applications for nuclear batteries exist, and advances in materials science may enable the development of high-efficiency solid-state nuclear batteries in the near term.

Mark A. Prelas; Charles L. Weaver; Matthew L. Watermann; Eric D. Lukosi; Robert J. Schott; Denis A. Wisniewski

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Electronically conductive polymer binder for lithium-ion battery electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A family of carboxylic acid group containing fluorene/fluorenon copolymers is disclosed as binders of silicon particles in the fabrication of negative electrodes for use with lithium ion batteries. These binders enable the use of silicon as an electrode material as they significantly improve the cycle-ability of silicon by preventing electrode degradation over time. In particular, these polymers, which become conductive on first charge, bind to the silicon particles of the electrode, are flexible so as to better accommodate the expansion and contraction of the electrode during charge/discharge, and being conductive promote the flow battery current.

Liu, Gao; Xun, Shidi; Battaglia, Vincent S; Zheng, Honghe

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

267

Passivation-free solid state battery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention pertains to passivation-free solid-state rechargeable batteries composed of Li{sub 4}Ti{sub 5}O{sub 12} anode, a solid polymer electrolyte and a high voltage cathode. The solid polymer electrolyte comprises a polymer host, such as polyacrylonitrile, poly(vinyl chloride), poly(vinyl sulfone), and poly(vinylidene fluoride), plasticized by a solution of a Li salt in an organic solvent. The high voltage cathode includes LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4}, LiCoO{sub 2}, LiNiO{sub 2} and LiV{sub 2}O{sub 5} and their derivatives. 5 figs.

Abraham, K.M.; Peramunage, D.

1998-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

268

Passivation-free solid state battery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention pertains to passivation-free solid-state rechargeable batteries composed of Li.sub.4 Ti.sub.5 O.sub.12 anode, a solid polymer electrolyte and a high voltage cathode. The solid polymer electrolyte comprises a polymer host, such as polyacrylonitrile, poly(vinyl chloride), poly(vinyl sulfone), and poly(vinylidene fluoride), plasticized by a solution of a Li salt in an organic solvent. The high voltage cathode includes LiMn.sub.2 O.sub.4, LiCoO.sub.2, LiNiO.sub.2 and LiV.sub.2 O.sub.5 and their derivatives.

Abraham, Kuzhikalail M. (Needham, MA); Peramunage, Dharmasena (Norwood, MA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Lithium batteries for pulse power  

SciTech Connect

New designs of lithium batteries having bipolar construction and thin cell components possess the very low impedance that is necessary to deliver high-intensity current pulses. The R D and understanding of the fundamental properties of these pulse batteries have reached an advanced level. Ranges of 50--300 kW/kg specific power and 80--130 Wh/kg specific energy have been demonstrated with experimental high-temperature lithium alloy/transition-metal disulfide rechargeable bipolar batteries in repeated 1- to 100-ms long pulses. Other versions are designed for repetitive power bursts that may last up to 20 or 30 s and yet may attain high specific power (1--10 kW/kg). Primary high-temperature Li-alloy/FeS{sub 2} pulse batteries (thermal batteries) are already commercially available. Other high-temperature lithium systems may use chlorine or metal-oxide positive electrodes. Also under development are low-temperature pulse batteries: a 50-kW Li/SOCl{sub 2} primary batter and an all solid-state, polymer-electrolyte secondary battery. Such pulse batteries could find use in commercial and military applications in the near future. 21 refs., 8 figs.

Redey, L.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Battery system with temperature sensors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A battery system to monitor temperature includes at least one cell with a temperature sensing device proximate the at least one cell. The battery system also includes a flexible member that holds the temperature sensor proximate to the at least one cell.

Wood, Steven J.; Trester, Dale B.

2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

271

Definition: Battery | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Battery Battery Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Battery An energy storage device comprised of two or more electrochemical cells enclosed in a container and electrically interconnected in an appropriate series/parallel arrangement to provide the required operating voltage and current levels. Under common usage, the term battery also applies to a single cell if it constitutes the entire electrochemical storage system.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As Electrochemical cell Related Terms Fuel cell, energy, operating voltage, smart grid References ↑ http://www1.eere.energy.gov/solar/solar_glossary.html#B Retrie LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Battery&oldid=502543

272

Spatially resolved measurements of kinematics and flow-induced birefringence in worm-like micellar solutions undergoing high rate deformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Worm-like micellar solutions are model non-Newtonian systems on account of their well understood linear viscoelastic behavior. Their high deformation rate, non-linear rheological response, however, remains inadequately ...

Ober, Thomas J. (Thomas Joseph)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

The Cosmic Battery in Astrophysical Accretion Disks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aberrated radiation pressure at the inner edge of the accretion disk around an astrophysical black hole imparts a relative azimuthal velocity on the electrons with respect to the ions which gives rise to a ring electric current that generates large scale poloidal magnetic field loops. This is the Cosmic Battery established by Contopoulos and Kazanas in 1998. In the present work we perform realistic numerical simulations of this important astrophysical mechanism in advection-dominated accretion flows-ADAF. We confirm the original prediction that the inner parts of the loops are continuously advected toward the central black hole and contribute to the growth of the large scale magnetic field, whereas the outer parts of the loops are continuously diffusing outward through the turbulent accretion flow. This process of inward advection of the axial field and outward diffusion of the return field proceeds all the way to equipartition, thus generating astrophysically significant magnetic fields on astrophysicall...

Contopoulos, Ioannis; Katsanikas, Matthaios

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Nanocarbon Networks for Advanced Rechargeable Lithium Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

His research focuses on energy storage and conversion with batteries, fuel cells, and solar cells. ... As an important type of secondary battery, lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) have quickly dominated the market for consumer electronics and become one of key technologies in the battery industry after their first release by Sony Company in the early 1990s. ...

Sen Xin; Yu-Guo Guo; Li-Jun Wan

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

275

Battery Thermal Management System Design Modeling (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Presents the objectives and motivations for a battery thermal management vehicle system design study.

Kim, G-H.; Pesaran, A.

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

ULTRA-RELATIVISTIC, NEUTRINO-DRIVEN FLOWS IN GAMMA-RAY BURSTS: A DOUBLE TRANSONIC FLOW SOLUTION IN A SCHWARZSCHILD SPACETIME  

SciTech Connect

The structure of a hydrodynamic, double transonic flow driven by neutrino annihilation in the polar region of a Schwarzschild black hole is computed for different energy deposition profiles. The requirement that both the inflow into the black hole and the outflow to infinity pass smoothly through their sonic points fixes the stagnation radius and stagnation pressure. The asymptotic power of the outflow is shown to be the integral of the energy deposition rate above the stagnation radius. The outflow production efficiency depends on the energy deposition profile and is generally higher for shallower profiles. Using recent calculations of the neutrino annihilation rate, we estimate that over 50% of the total energy deposited above the horizon can emerge in the form of a relativistic outflow at infinity. The continuous creation of plasma during the expansion of the outflow leads to generation of a large specific entropy. This has important implications for the prompt photospheric emission in gamma-ray bursts.

Levinson, Amir; Globus, Noemie [School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel)

2013-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

277

Cell for making secondary batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides all solid-state lithium and sodium batteries operating in the approximate temperature range of ambient to 145.degree. C. (limited by melting points of electrodes/electrolyte), with demonstrated energy and power densities far in excess of state-of-the-art high-temperature battery systems. The preferred battery comprises a solid lithium or sodium electrode, a polymeric electrolyte such as polyethylene oxide doped with lithium triflate (PEO.sub.8 LiCF.sub.3 SO.sub.3), and a solid-state composite positive electrode containing a polymeric organosulfur electrode, (SRS).sub.n, and carbon black, dispersed in a polymeric electrolyte.

Visco, Steven J. (2336 California St., Berkeley, CA 94703); Liu, Meilin (1121C Ninth St., #29, Albany, CA 94710); DeJonghe, Lutgard C. (910 Acalanes Rd., Lafayette, CA 94549)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Cell for making secondary batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides all solid-state lithium and sodium batteries operating in the approximate temperature range of ambient to 145 C (limited by melting points of electrodes/electrolyte), with demonstrated energy and power densities far in excess of state-of-the-art high-temperature battery systems. The preferred battery comprises a solid lithium or sodium electrode, a polymeric electrolyte such as polyethylene oxide doped with lithium trifluorate (PEO[sub 8]LiCF[sub 3]SO[sub 3]), and a solid-state composite positive electrode containing a polymeric organosulfur electrode, (SRS)[sub n], and carbon black, dispersed in a polymeric electrolyte. 2 figs.

Visco, S.J.; Liu, M.; DeJonghe, L.C.

1992-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

279

Batteries, from Cradle to Grave  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As battery producers and vendors, legislators, and the consumer population become aware of the consequences of inappropriate disposal of batteries to landfill sites instead of responsible chemical neutralization and reuse, the topic of battery recycling has begun to appear on the environmental agenda. ... Significant advances are also being made in fuel-cell technology with several companies involved in the design and manufacture of high-performance fuel cells adapted to the portable electronics, back-up energy, and traction markets (37-41). ... These hydrogen or methanol-fuelled cells draw their chemical energy from a quick-fill reservoir outside the cell (or stack) structure. ...

Michael J. Smith; Fiona M. Gray

2010-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

280

Battery SEAB Presentation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Parker Ranch installation in Hawaii The Parker Ranch installation in Hawaii US Department of Energy Vehicle Battery R&D: Current Scope and Future Directions January 31, 2012 * David Howell (EERE/VTP) * Pat Davis (EERE/VTP) * Dane Boysen (ARPA-E) * Dave Danielson (ARPA-E) * Linda Horton (BES) * John Vetrano (BES) 2 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy eere.energy.gov U.S. Oil-dependence is Driven by Transportation Source: DOE/EIA Annual Energy Review, April 2010 Transportation Residential and Commercial 94% Oil-dependent Industry 41% Oil-dependent 17% Oil-dependent 72% 22% 1% 5% U.S. Oil Consumption by End-use Sector 19.1 Million Barrels per Day (2010) Electric Power 1% Oil-dependent * On-road vehicles are responsible for ~80% of transportation oil usage 3 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy eere.energy.gov

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow battery solution" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Hunan Copower EV Battery Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EV Battery Co Ltd Place: Hunan Province, China Sector: Vehicles Product: Producer of batteries and battery-related products for electric vehicles. References: Hunan Copower EV...

282

In situ Characterizations of New Battery Materials and the Studies...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of New Battery Materials and the Studies of High Energy Density Li-Air Batteries In situ Characterizations of New Battery Materials and the Studies of High Energy...

283

Visualization of Charge Distribution in a Lithium Battery Electrode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distribution in Thin-Film Batteries. J. Electrochem. Soc.of Lithium Polymer Batteries. J. Power Sources 2002, 110,for Rechargeable Li Batteries. Chem. Mater. 2010, 15. Padhi,

Liu, Jun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Developing Next-Gen Batteries With Help From NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NERSC Helps Develop Next-Gen Batteries NERSC Helps Develop Next-Gen Batteries A genomics approach to materials research could speed up advancements in battery performance December...

285

Making Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges. |...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges. Making Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges. Abstract: A Li-air battery could potentially provide three to five...

286

In Situ Characterizations of New Battery Materials and the Studies...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of New Battery Materials and the Studies of High Energy Density Li-Air Batteries In Situ Characterizations of New Battery Materials and the Studies of High Energy...

287

Autonomic Shutdown of Lithium-Ion Batteries Using Thermoresponsive...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

shutdown of Li-ion batteries is demonstrated by incorporating thermoresponsive polyethylene (PE) microspheres (ca. 4 m) onto battery anodes. When the internal battery...

288

Sandia National Laboratories: Due Diligence on Lead Acid Battery...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Due Diligence on Lead Acid Battery Recycling March 23, 2011 Lead Acid Batteries on secondary containment pallet Lead Acid Batteries on secondary containment pallet In 2004, the US...

289

EV Everywhere Battery Workshop Introduction | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Battery Workshop Introduction EV Everywhere Battery Workshop Introduction Presentation given at the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge: Battery Workshop on July 26, 2012 held at the...

290

Phylion Battery | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vehicles Product: Jiangsu-province-based producer of high-power high-energy Li-ion batteries for such uses as electric bicycles, hybrid vehicles, lighting, medical equipment,...

291

Battery Components, Active Materials for  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A battery consists of one or more electrochemical cells that convert into electrically energy the chemical energy stored in two separated electrodes, the anode and the cathode. Inside a cell, the two electrodes ....

J. B. Goodenough

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Polymer Electrolyte and Polymer Battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Generally the polymer electrolyte of the polymer battery is classified into two kinds of the electrolyte: One is a dry-type electrolyte composed of a polymer matrix and...21.1. Fig....

Toshiyuki Osawa; Michiyuki Kono

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Reinventing Batteries for Grid Storage  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The City University of New York's Energy Institute, with the help of ARPA-E funding, is creating safe, low cost, rechargeable, long lifecycle batteries that could be used as modular distributed storage for the electrical grid. The batteries could be used at the building level or the utility level to offer benefits such as capture of renewable energy, peak shaving and microgridding, for a safer, cheaper, and more secure electrical grid.

Banerjee, Sanjoy

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

294

Batteries using molten salt electrolyte  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrolyte system suitable for a molten salt electrolyte battery is described where the electrolyte system is a molten nitrate compound, an organic compound containing dissolved lithium salts, or a 1-ethyl-3-methlyimidazolium salt with a melting temperature between approximately room temperature and approximately 250.degree. C. With a compatible anode and cathode, the electrolyte system is utilized in a battery as a power source suitable for oil/gas borehole applications and in heat sensors.

Guidotti, Ronald A. (Albuquerque, NM)

2003-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

295

Thermal Batteries for Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect

HEATS Project: UT Austin will demonstrate a high-energy density and low-cost thermal storage system that will provide efficient cabin heating and cooling for EVs. Compared to existing HVAC systems powered by electric batteries in EVs, the innovative hot-and-cold thermal batteries-based technology is expected to decrease the manufacturing cost and increase the driving range of next-generation EVs. These thermal batteries can be charged with off-peak electric power together with the electric batteries. Based on innovations in composite materials offering twice the energy density of ice and 10 times the thermal conductivity of water, these thermal batteries are expected to achieve a comparable energy density at 25% of the cost of electric batteries. Moreover, because UT Austin’s thermal energy storage systems are modular, they may be incorporated into the heating and cooling systems in buildings, providing further energy efficiencies and positively impacting the emissions of current building heating/cooling systems.

None

2011-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

296

Johnson Controls Develops an Improved Vehicle Battery, Works to Cut Battery Costs in Half  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Johnson Controls is working to increase energy density of vehicle batteries while reducing manufacturing costs for lithium-ion battery cells.

297

Iron Edison Battery Company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Iron Edison Battery Company Iron Edison Battery Company Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Iron Edison Battery Company Name Iron Edison Battery Company Place Lakewood, Colorado Sector Bioenergy, Carbon, Efficiency, Hydro, Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product Nickel Iron (Ni-Fe) battery systems Year founded 2011 Number of employees 1-10 Phone number 202-681-4766 Website http://ironedison.com Region Rockies Area References Iron Edison Battery Company[1] Nickel Iron Battery Specifications[2] About the company and the owners[3] Nickel Iron Battery Association[4] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Iron Edison Battery Company is a company based in Lakewood, Colorado. Iron Edison is redefining off-grid energy storage using advanced

298

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes Print Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes Print The deceivingly simple appearance of batteries masks their chemical complexity. A typical lithium-ion battery in a cell phone consists of trillions of particles. When a lithium-ion battery is charged or discharged lithium ions move from one electrode to another, filling and unfilling individual, variably-sized battery particles. The rates of these processes determine how much power a battery can deliver. Despite the technological innovations and widespread use of batteries, the mechanism behind charging and discharging particles remains largely a mystery, partly because it is difficult to visualize the motion of lithium ions for a significant number of battery particles at nanoscale resolution.

299

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes Print Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes Print The deceivingly simple appearance of batteries masks their chemical complexity. A typical lithium-ion battery in a cell phone consists of trillions of particles. When a lithium-ion battery is charged or discharged lithium ions move from one electrode to another, filling and unfilling individual, variably-sized battery particles. The rates of these processes determine how much power a battery can deliver. Despite the technological innovations and widespread use of batteries, the mechanism behind charging and discharging particles remains largely a mystery, partly because it is difficult to visualize the motion of lithium ions for a significant number of battery particles at nanoscale resolution.

300

Thermal Stability of LiPF6 Salt and Li-ion Battery Electrolytes Containing LiPF6  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal Stability of LiPF 6 Salt and Li-ion Batterythermal stability of the neat LiPF 6 salt and of 1 molal solutions of LiPF 6 in prototypical Li-ion battery

Yang, Hui; Zhuang, Guorong V.; Ross Jr., Philip N.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow battery solution" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Effect of zinc salt on transport, structural, and thermal properties of PEG-based polymer electrolytes for battery application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solid polymer polyethylene glycol (PEG)-based electrolytes composed with zinc acetate Zn(CH3COO)2...have been prepared by using solution blending. We proposed a scheme of PEG–zinc acetate for battery application....

Anji Reddy Polu; Ranveer Kumar; Girish M. Joshi

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Performance and cycling of the iron-ion/hydrogen redox flow cell with  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Performance and cycling of the iron-ion/hydrogen redox flow cell with Performance and cycling of the iron-ion/hydrogen redox flow cell with various catholyte salts Title Performance and cycling of the iron-ion/hydrogen redox flow cell with various catholyte salts Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2013 Authors Tucker, Michael C., Venkat Srinivasan, Philip N. Ross, and Adam Z. Weber Journal Journal of Applied Electrochemistry Volume 43 Issue 7 Pagination 637 - 644 Date Published 7/2013 ISSN 0021-891X Keywords battery, Flow battery, iron hydrogen cell, progress, redox flow cell Abstract A redox flow cell utilizing the Fe2+/Fe3+ and H-2/H+ couples is investigated as an energy storage device. A conventional polymer electrolyte fuel cell anode and membrane design is employed, with a cathode chamber containing a carbon felt flooded with aqueous acidic solution of iron salt. The maximum power densities achieved for iron sulfate, iron chloride, and iron nitrate are 148, 207, and 234 mW cm(-2), respectively. It is found that the capacity of the iron nitrate solution decreases rapidly during cycling. Stable cycling is observed for more than 100 h with iron chloride and iron sulfate solutions. Both iron sulfate and iron chloride solutions display moderate discharge polarization and poor charge polarization; therefore, voltage efficiency decreases dramatically with increasing current density. A small self-discharge current occurs when catholyte is circulating through the cathode chamber. As a result, a current density above 100 mA cm(-2) is required to achieve high Coulombic efficiency (> 0.9).

303

Horizon Batteries formerly Electrosource | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Batteries formerly Electrosource Batteries formerly Electrosource Jump to: navigation, search Name Horizon Batteries (formerly Electrosource) Place Texas Sector Vehicles Product Manufacturer of high-power, light-weight batteries for use in electric and hybrid-electric vehicles, engine-starting and telecommunication stand-by power applications. References Horizon Batteries (formerly Electrosource)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Horizon Batteries (formerly Electrosource) is a company located in Texas . References ↑ "Horizon Batteries (formerly Electrosource)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Horizon_Batteries_formerly_Electrosource&oldid=346600

304

Electrolyte Model Helps Researchers Develop Better Batteries...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Electrolyte Model Helps Researchers Develop Better Batteries, Wins R&D 100 Award Electrolyte Model Helps Researchers Develop Better Batteries, Wins R&D 100 Award October 15, 2014 -...

305

'Thirsty' Metals Key to Longer Battery Lifetimes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contact: Kathy Kincade, +1 510 495 2124, kkincade@lbl.gov PCCPxantheascover Imagine a cell phone battery that lasted a whole week on a single charge. A car battery that worked...

306

Vehicle Technologies Office: Exploratory Battery Materials Research  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Lowering the cost and improving the performance of batteries for plug-in electric vehicles requires improving every part of the battery, from underlying chemistry to packaging. To reach the EV...

307

A User Programmable Battery Charging System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, high energy density and longer lasting batteries with efficient charging systems are being developed by companies and original equipment manufacturers. Whatever the application may be, rechargeable batteries, which deliver power to a load or system...

Amanor-Boadu, Judy M

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

308

Vehicle Technologies Office: Advanced Battery Development, System...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

learn how batteries are used in plug-in electric vehicles, visit the Alternative Fuels Data Center's page on batteries. Through the USABC, VTO supports a variety of research,...

309

Molten Salt Batteries and Fuel Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter describes recent work on batteries and fuel cells using molten salt electrolytes. This entails a comparison with other batteries and fuel cells utilizing aqueous and organic electrolytes; for...(1,2)

D. A. J. Swinkels

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Khalil Amine on Lithium-air Batteries  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Khalil Amine, materials scientist at Argonne National Laboratory, speaks on the new technology Lithium-air batteries, which could potentially increase energy density by 5-10 times over lithium-ion batteries.

Khalil Amine

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

311

PHEV Battery Cost Assessment | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Meeting, June 7-11, 2010 -- Washington D.C. es001barnett2010o.pdf More Documents & Publications PHEV Battery Cost Assessment PHEV and LEESS Battery Cost Assessment PHEV...

312

Design and Simulation of Lithium Rechargeable Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A New Rechargeable Plastic Li-Ion Battery," Lithium Batteryion battery developed at Bellcore in Red Bank, NJ.1-6 The experimental prototYpe cell has the configuration: Li

Doyle, C.M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Novel Electrolytes for Lithium Ion Batteries  

SciTech Connect

We have been investigating three primary areas related to lithium ion battery electrolytes. First, we have been investigating the thermal stability of novel electrolytes for lithium ion batteries, in particular borate based salts. Second, we have been investigating novel additives to improve the calendar life of lithium ion batteries. Third, we have been investigating the thermal decomposition reactions of electrolytes for lithium-oxygen batteries.

Lucht, Brett L

2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

314

Battery Thermal Management System Design Modeling  

SciTech Connect

Looks at the impact of cooling strategies with air and both direct and indirect liquid cooling for battery thermal management.

Pesaran, A.; Kim, G. H.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Jeff Chamberlain on Lithium-air batteries  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Jeff Chamberlain, technology transfer expert at Argonne National Laboratory, speaks on the new technology Lithium-air batteries, which could potentially increase energy density by 5-10 times over lithium-ion batteries. More information at http://www.anl.gov/Media_Center/News/2009/batteries090915.html

Chamberlain, Jeff

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

316

Jeff Chamberlain on Lithium-air batteries  

SciTech Connect

Jeff Chamberlain, technology transfer expert at Argonne National Laboratory, speaks on the new technology Lithium-air batteries, which could potentially increase energy density by 5-10 times over lithium-ion batteries. More information at http://www.anl.gov/Media_Center/News/2009/batteries090915.html

Chamberlain, Jeff

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Wearable Textile Battery Rechargeable by Solar Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wearable Textile Battery Rechargeable by Solar Energy ... Furthermore, the wearable textile battery was integrated with flexible and lightweight solar cells on the battery pouch to enable convenient solar-charging capabilities. ... Other groups(17-20) have also developed flexible conductive substrates by engaging carbon nanomaterials, such as graphene paper, for demonstration of similar wearable energy storage devices. ...

Yong-Hee Lee; Joo-Seong Kim; Jonghyeon Noh; Inhwa Lee; Hyeong Jun Kim; Sunghun Choi; Jeongmin Seo; Seokwoo Jeon; Taek-Soo Kim; Jung-Yong Lee; Jang Wook Choi

2013-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

318

Microbial battery for efficient energy recovery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...used for decades in batteries (19). This couple...condition in Ag 2 O/Ag batteries, the overpotential...or carbon nanotube/graphene-coated macroporous substrate, such...silver oxide-zinc batteries . Ind Eng Chem Prod Res Dev...23 Xie X ( 2012 ) Graphene-sponge as high-performance...

Xing Xie; Meng Ye; Po-Chun Hsu; Nian Liu; Craig S. Criddle; Yi Cui

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Integrated Modeling for Intelligent Battery Thermal Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Effective thermal management is crucial to the optimal operation of lithium ion batteries and its health management. However, the thermal behaviors of batteries are governed by complex chemical process whose parameters will degrade over time and different ... Keywords: integrated modeling, distributed parameter system, battery thermal management, intelligent learning

Zhen Liu; Han-Xiong Li

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Electrothermal Analysis of Lithium Ion Batteries  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the electrothermal analysis and testing of lithium ion battery performance. The objectives of this report are to: (1) develop an electrothermal process/model for predicting thermal performance of real battery cells and modules; and (2) use the electrothermal model to evaluate various designs to improve battery thermal performance.

Pesaran, A.; Vlahinos, A.; Bharathan, D.; Duong, T.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow battery solution" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Design and simulation of lithium rechargeable batteries  

SciTech Connect

Lithium -based rechargeable batteries that utilize insertion electrodes are being considered for electric-vehicle applications because of their high energy density and inherent reversibility. General mathematical models are developed that apply to a wide range of lithium-based systems, including the recently commercialized lithium-ion cell. The modeling approach is macroscopic, using porous electrode theory to treat the composite insertion electrodes and concentrated solution theory to describe the transport processes in the solution phase. The insertion process itself is treated with a charge-transfer process at the surface obeying Butler-Volmer kinetics, followed by diffusion of the lithium ion into the host structure. These models are used to explore the phenomena that occur inside of lithium cells under conditions of discharge, charge, and during periods of relaxation. Also, in order to understand the phenomena that limit the high-rate discharge of these systems, we focus on the modeling of a particular system with well-characterized material properties and system parameters. The system chosen is a lithium-ion cell produced by Bellcore in Red Bank, NJ, consisting of a lithium-carbon negative electrode, a plasticized polymer electrolyte, and a lithium-manganese-oxide spinel positive electrode. This battery is being marketed for consumer electronic applications. The system is characterized experimentally in terms of its transport and thermodynamic properties, followed by detailed comparisons of simulation results with experimental discharge curves. Next, the optimization of this system for particular applications is explored based on Ragone plots of the specific energy versus average specific power provided by various designs.

Doyle, C.M.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Solid-state lithium battery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to a higher power, thin film lithium-ion electrolyte on a metallic substrate, enabling mass-produced solid-state lithium batteries. High-temperature thermodynamic equilibrium processing enables co-firing of oxides and base metals, providing a means to integrate the crystalline, lithium-stable, fast lithium-ion conductor lanthanum lithium tantalate (La.sub.1/3-xLi.sub.3xTaO.sub.3) directly with a thin metal foil current collector appropriate for a lithium-free solid-state battery.

Ihlefeld, Jon; Clem, Paul G; Edney, Cynthia; Ingersoll, David; Nagasubramanian, Ganesan; Fenton, Kyle Ross

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

323

Ionic Liquid-Enhanced Solid State Electrolyte Interface (SEI) for Lithium Sulfur Batteries  

SciTech Connect

Li-S battery is a complicated system with many challenges existing before its final market penetration. While most of the reported work for Li-S batteries is focused on the cathode design, we demonstrate in this work that the anode consumption accelerated by corrosive polysulfide solution also critically determines the Li-S cell performance. To validate this hypothesis, ionic liquid (IL) N-methyl-N-butylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (Py14TFSI) has been employed to modify the properties of SEI layer formed on Li metal surface in Li-S batteries. It is found that the IL-enhanced passivation film on the lithium anode surface exhibits much different morphology and chemical compositions, effectively protecting lithium metal from continuous attack by soluble polysulfides. Therefore, both cell impedance and the irreversible consumption of polysulfides on lithium metal are reduced. As a result, the Coulombic efficiency and the cycling stability of Li-S batteries have been greatly improved. After 120 cycles, Li-S battery cycled in the electrolyte containing IL demonstrates a high capacity retention of 94.3% at 0.1 C rate. These results unveil another important failure mechanism for Li-S batteries and shin the light on the new approaches to improve Li-S battery performances.

Zheng, Jianming; Gu, Meng; Chen, Honghao; Meduri, Praveen; Engelhard, Mark H.; Zhang, Jiguang; Liu, Jun; Xiao, Jie

2013-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

324

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Nitrogen-Oxygen Battery for Large Scale Energy Storage - Frank Delnick, SNL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

US DOE Energy Storage Systems Research Program US DOE Energy Storage Systems Research Program Peer Review, Washington, DC Sept. 26-28, 2012 Frank Delnick, David Ingersoll, Karen Waldrip, Peter Feibelman Nitrogen/Oxygen Battery A Transformational Architecture for Large Scale Energy Storage Power Sources Technology Group Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, NM SAND2012-7881P N 2 /O 2 Battery Project Overview  Air/Air battery.  N 2 electrochemistry enables the redefinition of a gas (diffusion) electrode and the three phase interface.  Operated as redox flow battery.  Provide a very high energy density, very low cost, environmentally benign electrochemical platform for load leveling and for grid-integrated storage of energy generated by wind, solar and other sustainable but intermittent sources.

325

Fact Sheet: Lithium-Ion Batteries for Stationary Energy Storage (October 2012)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Current Li-Ion Battery Improved Li-Ion Battery Novel Synthesis New Electrode Candidates Coin Cell Test Stability and Safety Full Cell Fabrication and Optimization Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries offer high energy and power density, making them popular in a variety of mobile applications from cellular telephones to electric vehicles. Li-ion batteries operate by migrating positively charged lithium ions through an electrolyte from one electrode to another, which either stores or discharges energy, depending on the direction of the flow. They can employ several different chemistries, each offering distinct benefits and limitations. Despite their success in mobile applications, Li-ion technologies have not demonstrated

326

5th International Conference on Polymer Batteries and Fuel Cells - PBFC-5 -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Home Conference Goals Organizers Sponsors Speakers Program Posters Registration Hotels Breakfast/Dinner Options Maps and Transportation to Argonne Bus Schedule Contact Us Chicago skyline Battery research Argonne APS 5th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON POLYMER BATTERIES AND FUEL CELLS (PBFC-5) PBFC 2011 August 1 - 5, 2011 Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory Argonne, Illinois USA About the Conference It is a great pleasure for the organizing committee of the 5th International Conference on Polymer Batteries and Fuel Cells (PBFC-5, PBFC-2011) to invite all who are interested in materials for and systems based on lithium polymer, lithium-ion, metal-air, and flow batteries, and proton-exchange membrane and alkaline-exchange membrane fuel cells to attend PBFC-5. Read more.

327

New Battery Design Could Help Solar and Wind Power the Grid | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Battery Design Could Help Solar and Wind Power the Grid Battery Design Could Help Solar and Wind Power the Grid New Battery Design Could Help Solar and Wind Power the Grid April 24, 2013 - 4:20pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - Researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University have designed a low-cost, long-life "flow" battery that could enable solar and wind energy to become major suppliers to the electrical grid. The research, led by Yi Cui, a Stanford associate professor and member of the Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, is a product of the new Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR), a DOE Energy Innovation Hub. Led by Argonne National Laboratory, with SLAC as major partner, JCESR is one of five such Hubs created by the Department to

328

Improved Battery Pack Thermal Management to Reduce Cost and Increase Energy Density: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-12-499  

SciTech Connect

Under this CRADA NREL will support Creare's project for the Department of Energy entitled 'Improved Battery Pack Thermal Management to Reduce Cost and Increase Energy Density' which involves the development of an air-flow based cooling product that increases energy density, safety, and reliability of hybrid electric vehicle battery packs.

Smith, K.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Models for Battery Reliability and Lifetime  

SciTech Connect

Models describing battery degradation physics are needed to more accurately understand how battery usage and next-generation battery designs can be optimized for performance and lifetime. Such lifetime models may also reduce the cost of battery aging experiments and shorten the time required to validate battery lifetime. Models for chemical degradation and mechanical stress are reviewed. Experimental analysis of aging data from a commercial iron-phosphate lithium-ion (Li-ion) cell elucidates the relative importance of several mechanical stress-induced degradation mechanisms.

Smith, K.; Wood, E.; Santhanagopalan, S.; Kim, G. H.; Neubauer, J.; Pesaran, A.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Advanced batteries for electric vehicle applications  

SciTech Connect

A technology assessment is given for electric batteries with potential for use in electric powered vehicles. Parameters considered include: specific energy, specific power, energy density, power density, cycle life, service life, recharge time, and selling price. Near term batteries include: nickel/cadmium and lead-acid batteries. Mid term batteries include: sodium/sulfur, sodium/nickel chloride, nickel/metal hydride, zinc/air, zinc/bromine, and nickel/iron systems. Long term batteries include: lithium/iron disulfide and lithium- polymer systems. Performance and life testing data for these systems are discussed. (GHH)

Henriksen, G.L.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Cathode material for lithium batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of manufacture an article of a cathode (positive electrode) material for lithium batteries. The cathode material is a lithium molybdenum composite transition metal oxide material and is prepared by mixing in a solid state an intermediate molybdenum composite transition metal oxide and a lithium source. The mixture is thermally treated to obtain the lithium molybdenum composite transition metal oxide cathode material.

Park, Sang-Ho; Amine, Khalil

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

332

Techno-Economic Analysis of BEV Service Providers Offering Battery Swapping Services (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Battery electric vehicles (BEVs) could significantly reduce the nation's gasoline consumption and greenhouse gas emissions rates. However, both the upfront cost and the limited range of the vehicle are perceived to be deterrents to the widespread adoption of BEVs. A service provider approach to marketing BEVs, coupled with a battery swapping infrastructure deployment could address both issues and accelerate BEV adoption. This presentation examines customer selection, service usage statistics, service plan fees and driver economics. Our results show it is unlikely that a battery swapping service plan will be more cost-effective than ownership of a conventional vehicle. A battery swapping service plan may be a more cost-effective solution than a directly owned BEV for some single-vehicle, high-mileage consumers. However, other factors not considered in this analysis could decrease the viability of such a service.

Neubauer, J.; Pesaran, A.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

A SELF-POWERED, SELF-SUSTAINING SYSTEM-ON-CHIP (SOC) SOLUTION POWERED FROM HYBRID MICRO-FUEL CELLS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

batteries (e.g., Li-ion, NiMH, NiCd, etc.). Therefore, integrating the battery with a power efficient system-on-ship (SOC) solution with fully integrated micro-fuel cell/thin-film lithium-ion battery hybrids. A power scheme is proposed whereby micro-fuel cells charge an in-package thin-film lithium-ion battery, which

Rincon-Mora, Gabriel A.

334

Molten Air -- A new, highest energy class of rechargeable batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study introduces the principles of a new class of batteries, rechargeable molten air batteries, and several battery chemistry examples are demonstrated. The new battery class uses a molten electrolyte, are quasi reversible, and have amongst the highest intrinsic battery electric energy storage capacities. Three examples of the new batteries are demonstrated. These are the iron, carbon and VB2 molten air batteries with respective intrinsic volumetric energy capacities of 10,000, 19,000 and 27,000 Wh per liter.

Licht, Stuart

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Lithium-Air Battery: High Performance Cathodes for Lithium-Air Batteries  

SciTech Connect

BEEST Project: Researchers at Missouri S&T are developing an affordable lithium-air (Li-Air) battery that could enable an EV to travel up to 350 miles on a single charge. Today’s EVs run on Li-Ion batteries, which are expensive and suffer from low energy density compared with gasoline. This new Li-Air battery could perform as well as gasoline and store 3 times more energy than current Li-Ion batteries. A Li-Air battery uses an air cathode to breathe oxygen into the battery from the surrounding air, like a human lung. The oxygen and lithium react in the battery to produce electricity. Current Li-Air batteries are limited by the rate at which they can draw oxygen from the air. The team is designing a battery using hierarchical electrode structures to enhance air breathing and effective catalysts to accelerate electricity production.

None

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Batteries - Next-generation Li-ion batteries Breakout session  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Next-generation Li-ion batteries Next-generation Li-ion batteries EV Everywhere Workshop July 26, 2012 Breakout Session #1 - Discussion of Performance Targets and Barriers Comments on the Achievability of the Targets * Overall, everything is achievable, but, clearly, the cost targets are dramatic, particularly for AEV 300. (I have discussed this with Yet-Ming Chiang, who has a good feel for cost reductions, both their importance and interesting approaches.) * AEV 100 achievable with a good silicon/graphite composite anode and LMRNMC (unsure timeline) * AEV 300 would require cycleable Li-metal anode and UHVHC cathode (can't get there with Li-ion intercalation on both electrodes) (unsure timeline) Barriers Interfering with Reaching the Targets * Pack - too high a fraction of inactive materials/inefficient engineering designs.

337

Lithium sulfide compositions for battery electrolyte and battery electrode coatings  

SciTech Connect

Method of forming lithium-containing electrolytes are provided using wet chemical synthesis. In some examples, the lithium containing electrolytes are composed of .beta.-Li.sub.3PS.sub.4 or Li.sub.4P.sub.2S.sub.7. The solid electrolyte may be a core shell material. In one embodiment, the core shell material includes a core of lithium sulfide (Li.sub.2S), a first shell of .beta.-Li.sub.3PS.sub.4 or Li.sub.4P.sub.2S.sub.7, and a second shell including one of .beta.-Li.sub.3PS.sub.4 or Li.sub.4P.sub.2S.sub.7 and carbon. The lithium containing electrolytes may be incorporated into wet cell batteries or solid state batteries.

Liang, Chengdu; Liu, Zengcai; Fu, Wujun; Lin, Zhan; Dudney, Nancy J; Howe, Jane Y; Rondinone, Adam J

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

338

Synthesis of lithium intercalation materials for rechargeable battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lithium-based oxides (LiMOx, where M=Ni, Co, Mn) are attractive for electrode materials, because they are capable of reversibly intercalating lithium ions for rechargeable battery without altering the main unit. We developed a novel solution-based route for the synthesis of these lithium intercalation oxides, using acetates or oxides as precursors for lithium, manganese, nickel, and cobalt, respectively with proper organic solvents. The evolution of crystal structure of these materials was analyzed by X-ray diffraction. Further analysis of LiMn2O4 samples were carried out using impedance spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. These studies indicate that this synthetic route, without using expensive alkoxides of sol–gel process, produces high-quality lithium-based oxides useful for cathode in lithium-ion rechargeable battery.

S. Nieto-Ramos; M.S. Tomar

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

A Novel Integrated Magnetic Structure Based DC/DC Converter for Hybrid Battery/Ultracapacitor Energy Storage Systems  

SciTech Connect

This manuscript focuses on a novel actively controlled hybrid magnetic battery/ultracapacitor based energy storage system (ESS) for vehicular propulsion systems. A stand-alone battery system might not be sufficient to satisfy peak power demand and transient load variations in hybrid and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (HEV, PHEV). Active battery/ultracapacitor hybrid ESS provides a better solution in terms of efficient power management and control flexibility. Moreover, the voltage of the battery pack can be selected to be different than that of the ultracapacitor, which will result in flexibility of design as well as cost and size reduction of the battery pack. In addition, the ultracapacitor bank can supply or recapture a large burst of power and it can be used with high C-rates. Hence, the battery is not subjected to supply peak and sharp power variations, and the stress on the battery will be reduced and the battery lifetime would be increased. Utilizing ultracapacitor results in effective capturing of the braking energy, especially in sudden braking conditions.

Onar, Omer C [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Battery Ventures | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ventures (Boston) Ventures (Boston) Name Battery Ventures (Boston) Address 930 Winter Street, Suite 2500 Place Waltham, Massachusetts Zip 02451 Region Greater Boston Area Product Venture Capital Year founded 1983 Phone number (781) 478-6600 Website http://www.battery.com/ Coordinates 42.4024072°, -71.274181° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.4024072,"lon":-71.274181,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow battery solution" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

VEHICLE DETAILS AND BATTERY SPECIFICATIONS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RR0DF106791 RR0DF106791 Hybrid Propulsion System: Mild Parallel Belt-Alternator Starter (BAS) Number of Electric Machines: 1 Motor: 15 kW (peak), AC induction Battery Specifications Manufacturer: Hitachi Type: Cylindrical Lithium-ion Number of Cells: 32 Nominal Cell Voltage: 3.6 V Nominal System Voltage: 115.2 V Rated Pack Capacity: 4.4 Ah Maximum Cell Charge Voltage 2 : 4.10 V Minimum Cell Discharge Voltage 2 : 3.00 V Thermal Management: Active - Forced air Pack Weight: 65 lb BEGINNING-OF-TEST: BATTERY LABORATORY TEST RESULTS SUMMARY Vehicle Mileage and Testing Date Vehicle Odometer: 5,715 mi Date of Test: January 8, 2013 Static Capacity Test Measured Average Capacity: 3.98 Ah Measured Average Energy Capacity: 460 Wh HPPC Test Pulse Discharge Power @ 50% DOD

342

VEHICLE DETAILS AND BATTERY SPECIFICATIONS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RRXDF106605 RRXDF106605 Hybrid Propulsion System: Mild Parallel Belt-Alternator Starter (BAS) Number of Electric Machines: 1 Motor: 15 kW (peak), AC induction Battery Specifications Manufacturer: Hitachi Type: Cylindrical Lithium-ion Number of Cells: 32 Nominal Cell Voltage: 3.6 V Nominal System Voltage: 115.2 V Rated Pack Capacity: 4.4 Ah Maximum Cell Charge Voltage 2 : 4.10 V Minimum Cell Discharge Voltage 2 : 3.00 V Thermal Management: Active - Forced air Pack Weight: 65 lb BEGINNING-OF-TEST: BATTERY LABORATORY TEST RESULTS SUMMARY Vehicle Mileage and Testing Date Vehicle Odometer: 4,244 mi Date of Test: January 9, 2013 Static Capacity Test Measured Average Capacity: 3.88 Ah Measured Average Energy Capacity: 450 Wh HPPC Test Pulse Discharge Power @ 50% DOD

343

Electrolytes for lithium ion batteries  

SciTech Connect

A family of electrolytes for use in a lithium ion battery. The genus of electrolytes includes ketone-based solvents, such as, 2,4-dimethyl-3-pentanone; 3,3-dimethyl 2-butanone(pinacolone) and 2-butanone. These solvents can be used in combination with non-Lewis Acid salts, such as Li.sub.2[B.sub.12F.sub.12] and LiBOB.

Vaughey, John; Jansen, Andrew N.; Dees, Dennis W.

2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

344

Battery system with temperature sensors  

SciTech Connect

A battery system includes a platform having an aperture formed therethrough, a flexible member having a generally planar configuration and extending across the aperture, wherein a portion of the flexible member is coextensive with the aperture, a cell provided adjacent the platform, and a sensor coupled to the flexible member and positioned proximate the cell. The sensor is configured to detect a temperature of the cell.

Wood, Steven J; Trester, Dale B

2014-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

345

EERE Partner Testimonials- Phil Roberts, California Lithium Battery (CalBattery)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Phil Roberts, CEO and Founder of California Lithium Battery (CalBattery), describes the new growth and development that was possible through partnering with the U.S. Department of Energy.

346

New Battery Design Could Help Solar and Wind Power the Grid  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University have designed a low-cost, long-life “flow” battery that could enable solar and wind energy to become major suppliers to the electrical grid.

347

Rechargeable Batteries, Photochromics, Electrochemical Lithography: From  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rechargeable Batteries, Photochromics, Electrochemical Lithography: From Rechargeable Batteries, Photochromics, Electrochemical Lithography: From Interfacial Studies to Practical Applications Speaker(s): Robert Kostecki Date: January 11, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Satkartar K. Kinney The constantly growing power requirements of portable electronic devices and the need for high-power batteries for electric vehicles have created a strong demand for new batteries or substantial improvements of existing ones. Fundamental problems associated with complex interfacial processes in batteries must be resolved to enhance battery performance and lifetime. An overview of the principles of electrode-electrolyte interfacial studies, experimental methods, recent results, and potential applications will be presented. Advanced instrumental techniques and

348

California Lithium Battery, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

California California Lithium Battery, Inc. America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 626 likes California Lithium Battery, Inc. Argonne National Laboratory California Lithium Battery ("CALBattery") is a start-up California company established in 2011 to develop and manufacture a breakthrough high energy density and long cycle life lithium battery for utility energy storage, transportation, and defense industries. The company is a joint venture between California-based Ionex Energy Storage Systems and CALiB Power. US production of this advanced Very Large Format (400Ah+) si-graphene LI-ion battery is scheduled to start in California in 2014. Plans are to produce the initial batteries for CALBattery JV partner Ionex Energy Storage Systems for use in 1-100MW grid scale energy storage

349

California Lithium Battery, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

California California Lithium Battery, Inc. America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 626 likes California Lithium Battery, Inc. Argonne National Laboratory California Lithium Battery ("CALBattery") is a start-up California company established in 2011 to develop and manufacture a breakthrough high energy density and long cycle life lithium battery for utility energy storage, transportation, and defense industries. The company is a joint venture between California-based Ionex Energy Storage Systems and CALiB Power. US production of this advanced Very Large Format (400Ah+) si-graphene LI-ion battery is scheduled to start in California in 2014. Plans are to produce the initial batteries for CALBattery JV partner Ionex Energy Storage Systems for use in 1-100MW grid scale energy storage

350

California Lithium Battery, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

California California Lithium Battery, Inc. America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 626 likes California Lithium Battery, Inc. Argonne National Laboratory California Lithium Battery ("CALBattery") is a start-up California company established in 2011 to develop and manufacture a breakthrough high energy density and long cycle life lithium battery for utility energy storage, transportation, and defense industries. The company is a joint venture between California-based Ionex Energy Storage Systems and CALiB Power. US production of this advanced Very Large Format (400Ah+) si-graphene LI-ion battery is scheduled to start in California in 2014. Plans are to produce the initial batteries for CALBattery JV partner Ionex Energy Storage Systems for use in 1-100MW grid scale energy storage

351

Primer on lead-acid storage batteries  

SciTech Connect

This handbook was developed to help DOE facility contractors prevent accidents caused during operation and maintenance of lead-acid storage batteries. Major types of lead-acid storage batteries are discussed as well as their operation, application, selection, maintenance, and disposal (storage, transportation, as well). Safety hazards and precautions are discussed in the section on battery maintenance. References to industry standards are included for selection, maintenance, and disposal.

NONE

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

NO. REV. NO. LSPE THERMAL BATTERY TEST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NO. REV. NO. ATM 1086 LSPE THERMAL BATTERY TEST PAGE 1 OF DATE 2/25/72 Prepared by @c!_.e,~.~ ~P. Weir Approved by ~~---:J L. Lewis 5 #12;KC::Y, NO. LSPE THERMAL BATTERY TEST ATM 1086 2 PAGE OF DATE 2-52-72 Introduction The purpose of this ATM is to document the results of a Thermal Battery test for the Lunar Seismic

Rathbun, Julie A.

353

Block copolymer electrolytes for lithium batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

connecting to the solid-state lithium battery. c. An opticalbattery (discounting packaging, tabs, etc. ) demonstrate the advantage of the solid-state

Hudson, William Rodgers

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Battery systems performance studies - HIL components testing...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

systems performance studies - HIL components testing Battery systems performance studies - HIL components testing 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual...

355

NREL: Energy Storage - Battery Materials Synthesis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

power requirements and system integration demands of EDVs pose significant challenges to energy storage technologies. Making these materials durable enough that batteries last...

356

Autogenic Pressure Reactions for Battery Materials Manufacture...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Battery Materials Manufacture Technology available for licensing: A unique method for anode and cathode manufacture A one-step, solvent-free reaction for producing unique...

357

Ambient Operation of Li/Air Batteries  

SciTech Connect

In this work, Li/air batteries based on nonaqueous electrolytes were investigated in ambient conditions (with an oxygen partial pressure of 0.21 atm and relative humidity of ~20%). A heat-sealable polymer membrane was used as both an oxygen-diffusion membrane and as a moisture barrier for Li/air batteries. The membrane also can minimize the evaporation of the electrolyte from the batteries. Li/air batteries with this membrane can operate in ambient conditions for more than one month with a specific energy of 362 Wh kg-1, based on the total weight of the battery including its packaging. Among various carbon sources used in this work, Li/air batteries using Ketjenblack (KB) carbon-based air electrodes exhibited the highest specific energy. However, KB-based air electrodes expanded significantly and absorbed much more electrolyte than electrodes made from other carbon sources. The weight distribution of a typical Li/air battery using the KB-based air electrode was dominated by the electrolyte (~70%). Lithium-metal anodes and KB-carbon anodes account for only 5.12% and 5.78% of the battery weight, respectively. We also found that only ~ 20% of the mesopore volume of the air electrode was occupied by reaction products after discharge. To further improve the specific energy of the Li/air batteries, the microstructure of the carbon electrode needs to be further improved to absorb much less electrolyte while still holding significant amounts of reaction products

Zhang, Jiguang; Wang, Deyu; Xu, Wu; Xiao, Jie; Williford, Ralph E.

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Side Reactions in Lithium-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

efforts to develop new high-energy materials such as siliconNew Cathode Material for Batteries of High- Energy Density.

Tang, Maureen Han-Mei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Sandia National Laboratories: Batteries & Energy Storage Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radioactive Waste Prioritized Safeguards and Security Issues for extended Storage of Used Nuclear Fuel Research to Improve Transportation Energy Storage Fact Sheet Sandia's Battery...

360

High Voltage Electrolyte for Lithium Batteries  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

battery using high voltage high energy cathode materials to enable large-scale, cost competitive production of the next generation of electric-drive vehicles. To...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow battery solution" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Celgard and Entek - Battery Separator Development  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Celgard and Entek Battery Separator Development Harshad Tataria R. Pekala, Ron Smith USABC May 19, 2009 Project ID es08tataria This presentation does not contain any...

362

USABC Battery Separator Development | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation es007smith2011p.pdf More Documents & Publications USABC Battery Separator Development Overview...

363

Kayo Battery Industries Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vehicles Product: Shenzhen-based company, started by Hong Kong Highpower Technology and Japan Kayo Group, active in producing Lithium and NiMH batteries for various applications...

364

Benefits of battery-uItracapacitor hybrid energy storage systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the benefits of battery and battery-ultracapacitor hybrid energy storage systems (ESSs) in pulsed-load applications. It investigates and quantifies the benefits of the hybrid ESS over its battery-only ...

Smith, Ian C., S.M. (Ian Charles). Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Are Batteries Ready for Plug-in Hybrid Buyers?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

237–253. Burke, A. , 2007. Batteries and ultracapacitors forresults with lithium-ion batteries. In: Proceedings (CD)locate/tranpol Are batteries ready for plug-in hybrid

Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Batteries as they are meant to be seen | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Batteries as they are meant to be seen Batteries as they are meant to be seen The search for long-lasting, inexpensive rechargeable batteries Researchers have developed a way to...

367

Vehicle Technologies Office: Advanced Battery Development, System Analysis, and Testing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

To develop better lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries for plug-in electric vehicles, researchers must integrate the advances made in exploratory battery materials and applied battery research into full...

368

Challenges and Prospects of Lithium–Sulfur Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

His research interests are in the area of materials for rechargeable batteries, fuel cells, and solar cells, including novel synthesis approaches for nanomaterials. ... Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries have the highest energy density among the rechargeable battery chemistries. ...

Arumugam Manthiram; Yongzhu Fu; Yu-Sheng Su

2012-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

369

MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF THE LITHIUM-ALUMINUM, IRON SULFIDE BATTERY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

operation and thermal management of battery modules may alsoneed for careful thermal ment of battery modules. manage~ Atfor precise thermal management of LiAl/FeS battery modules.

Pollard, Richard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Thermal behavior simulation of Ni/MH battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermal behavior of overcharged Ni/MH battery is studied with microcalorimeter. The battery is installed in a special device in ... Quantity of heat and heat capacity of the battery charged at different state of ...

DaHe Li; Kai Yang; Shi Chen; Feng Wu

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Improved Positive Electrode Materials for Li-ion Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the assembled Li-ion battery, such as the operating1-4: Schematic of a Li-ion battery. Li + ions are shuttledprocessing of active Li-ion battery materials. Various

Conry, Thomas Edward

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Sealed One Piece Battery Having A Prism Shape Container  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sealed one-piece battery having a prism-shaped container including: a tank consisting of a single plastic material, a member fixed and sealed to the tank and to partitions on the side of the tank opposite the transverse wall to seal the tank, two flanges fixed and sealed to longitudinal walls defining flow compartments for a heat-conducting fluid, and two tubes on the transverse wall of the tank forming an inlet and an outlet for fluid common to the compartments.

Verhoog, Roelof (Bordeaux, FR); Barbotin, Jean-Loup (Pompignac, FR)

2000-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

373

Solid state thin film battery having a high temperature lithium alloy anode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved rechargeable thin-film lithium battery involves the provision of a higher melting temperature lithium anode. Lithium is alloyed with a suitable solute element to elevate the melting point of the anode to withstand moderately elevated temperatures. 2 figs.

Hobson, D.O.

1998-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

374

Flexographically Printed Rechargeable Zinc-based Battery for Grid Energy Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the rechargeable battery industry. Li-ion batteries rapidlyLi-ion chemistry. For grid storage applications, several other rechargeable batteryLi-ion batteries, because cadmium is highly toxic. In 1991, lithium-ion battery

Wang, Zuoqian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Building Technologies Office: Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Battery Chargers and Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Framework Document Public Meeting to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Framework Document Public Meeting on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Framework Document Public Meeting on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Framework Document Public Meeting on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Framework Document Public Meeting on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Framework Document Public Meeting on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Battery

376

Department of Energy Will Hold a Batteries and Energy Storage...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy Will Hold a Batteries and Energy Storage Information Meeting on October 21, 2011 Department of Energy Will Hold a Batteries and Energy Storage Information...

377

USABC Development of Advanced High-Performance Batteries for...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

USABC Development of Advanced High-Performance Batteries for EV Applications USABC Development of Advanced High-Performance Batteries for EV Applications 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel...

378

Polymers For Advanced Lithium Batteries | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Polymers For Advanced Lithium Batteries Polymers For Advanced Lithium Batteries 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and...

379

High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and...

380

Polymers For Advanced Lithium Batteries | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Polymers For Advanced Lithium Batteries Polymers For Advanced Lithium Batteries 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow battery solution" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Overview of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies (BATT) Program Overview of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies (BATT) Program Presentation from the...

382

High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and...

383

Computer-Aided Engineering for Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Computer-Aided Engineering for Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries (CAEBAT) Computer-Aided Engineering for Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries (CAEBAT) 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells...

384

Development of Polymer Electrolytes for Advanced Lithium Batteries...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Development of Polymer Electrolytes for Advanced Lithium Batteries Development of Polymer Electrolytes for Advanced Lithium Batteries 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and...

385

Overview and Progress of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Progress of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies (BATT) Activity Overview and Progress of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies (BATT)...

386

NREL: Transportation Research - Innovative Way to Test Batteries...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Innovative Way to Test Batteries Fills a Market Niche A square piece of machinery with a lid that opens upwards NETZSCH's Isothermal Battery Calorimeter (IBC 284), developed by...

387

Electrolytes - R&D for Advanced Lithium Batteries. Interfacial...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

R&D for Advanced Lithium Batteries. Interfacial Behavior of Electrolytes Electrolytes - R&D for Advanced Lithium Batteries. Interfacial Behavior of Electrolytes 2012 DOE Hydrogen...

388

Development of Computer-Aided Design Tools for Automotive Batteries...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications Progress of Computer-Aided Engineering of Batteries (CAEBAT) Computer-Aided Engineering for Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries (CAEBAT)...

389

Overcharge Protection for PHEV Batteries | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Overcharge Protection for PHEV Batteries Overcharge Protection for PHEV Batteries 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and...

390

Overview of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Overview of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies (BATT) Program Overview of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies (BATT) Program 2010 DOE Vehicle...

391

Overview of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Overview of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies (BATT) Program Overview of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies (BATT) Program 2009 DOE...

392

Manipulating the Surface Reactions in Lithium Sulfur Batteries...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Manipulating the Surface Reactions in Lithium Sulfur Batteries Using Hybrid Anode Structures. Manipulating the Surface Reactions in Lithium Sulfur Batteries Using Hybrid Anode...

393

By losing their shape, material fails batteries | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

By losing their shape, material fails batteries By losing their shape, material fails batteries Too many electrons at the lithiation front in silicon are a problem Molecular...

394

Characterization of Li-ion Batteries using Neutron Diffraction...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Li-ion Batteries using Neutron Diffraction and Infrared Imaging Techniques Characterization of Li-ion Batteries using Neutron Diffraction and Infrared Imaging Techniques 2011 DOE...

395

Rechargeable Heat Battery's Secret Revealed: Solar Energy Capture...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rechargeable Heat Battery Rechargeable Heat Battery's Secret Revealed Solar energy capture in chemical form makes it storable and transportable January 11, 2011 | Tags: Chemistry,...

396

EV Everywhere: Innovative Battery Research Powering Up Plug-In...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

EV Everywhere: Innovative Battery Research Powering Up Plug-In Electric Vehicles EV Everywhere: Innovative Battery Research Powering Up Plug-In Electric Vehicles January 24, 2014 -...

397

Hierarchically Porous Graphene as a Lithium-Air Battery Electrode...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hierarchically Porous Graphene as a Lithium-Air Battery Electrode. Hierarchically Porous Graphene as a Lithium-Air Battery Electrode. Abstract: Functionalized graphene sheets (FGS)...

398

Reality Check: Cheaper Batteries are GOOD for America's Electric...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Reality Check: Cheaper Batteries are GOOD for America's Electric Vehicle Manufacturers Reality Check: Cheaper Batteries are GOOD for America's Electric Vehicle Manufacturers...

399

Automotive Li-ion Battery Cooling Requirements | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Automotive Li-ion Battery Cooling Requirements Presents thermal management of lithium-ion battery packs for electric vehicles cunningham.pdf More Documents & Publications...

400

New INL High Energy Battery Test Facility | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

INL High Energy Battery Test Facility New INL High Energy Battery Test Facility 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow battery solution" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

NREL Battery Thermal and Life Test Facility | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

NREL Battery Thermal and Life Test Facility NREL Battery Thermal and Life Test Facility 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit...

402

Abuse Testing of High Power Batteries | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Testing of High Power Batteries Abuse Testing of High Power Batteries 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting,...

403

Overview and Progress of the Battery Testing, Analysis, and Design...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Battery Testing, Analysis, and Design Activity Overview and Progress of the Battery Testing, Analysis, and Design Activity 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle...

404

Energy Management Strategies for Fast Battery Temperature Rise...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Management Strategies for Fast Battery Temperature Rise and Engine Efficiency Improvement at Very Cold Conditions Energy Management Strategies for Fast Battery Temperature...

405

Li-Ion Battery Cell Manufacturing | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Li-Ion Battery Cell Manufacturing Li-Ion Battery Cell Manufacturing 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

406

PHEV and LEESS Battery Cost Assessment | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

PHEV and LEESS Battery Cost Assessment PHEV and LEESS Battery Cost Assessment 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and...

407

Saft America Advanced Batteries Plant Celebrates Grand Opening...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Saft America Advanced Batteries Plant Celebrates Grand Opening in Jacksonville Saft America Advanced Batteries Plant Celebrates Grand Opening in Jacksonville September 16, 2011 -...

408

A Liquid Layer Solution for the Grid | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Liquid Layer Solution for the Grid A Liquid Layer Solution for the Grid A Liquid Layer Solution for the Grid September 15, 2011 - 2:47pm Addthis The Liquid Metal Battery is comprised of liquid metal electrodes and a liquid electrolyte of differing densities, which allows the liquids to separate and stratify without the need for any solid separator. The Liquid Metal Battery is comprised of liquid metal electrodes and a liquid electrolyte of differing densities, which allows the liquids to separate and stratify without the need for any solid separator. Kristina Pflanz Writer & Contractor, Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy What does this mean for me? With its all-liquid design, this battery is much more efficient than today's rechargeable batteries, which use 80-90% of the space to hold

409

Thin film buried anode battery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A reverse configuration, lithium thin film battery (300) having a buried lithium anode layer (305) and process for making the same. The present invention is formed from a precursor composite structure (200) made by depositing electrolyte layer (204) onto substrate (201), followed by sequential depositions of cathode layer (203) and current collector (202) on the electrolyte layer. The precursor is subjected to an activation step, wherein a buried lithium anode layer (305) is formed via electroplating a lithium anode layer at the interface of substrate (201) and electrolyte film (204). The electroplating is accomplished by applying a current between anode current collector (201) and cathode current collector (202).

Lee, Se-Hee (Lakewood, CO); Tracy, C. Edwin (Golden, CO); Liu, Ping (Denver, CO)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

410

Graphene/Li-ion battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Density function theory calculations were carried out to clarify storage states of Lithium (Li) ions in graphene clusters. The adsorption energy spin polarization charge distribution electronic gap surface curvature and dipole momentum were calculated for each cluster. Li-ion adsorbed graphene doped by one Li atom is spin polarized so there would be different gaps for different spin polarization in electrons. Calculation results demonstrated that a smaller cluster between each two larger clusters is preferable because it could improve grapheneLi-ion batteries; consequently the most proper graphene anode structure has been proposed.

Narjes Kheirabadi; Azizollah Shafiekhani

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Alloys of clathrate allotropes for rechargeable batteries  

SciTech Connect

The present disclosure is directed at an electrode for a battery wherein the electrode comprises clathrate alloys of silicon, germanium or tin. In method form, the present disclosure is directed at methods of forming clathrate alloys of silicon, germanium or tin which methods lead to the formation of empty cage structures suitable for use as electrodes in rechargeable type batteries.

Chan, Candace K; Miller, Michael A; Chan, Kwai S

2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

412

Pioneering battery maker files for bankruptcy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Ultimately, the fate of US battery makers will remain tied to that of the electric car itself. And for now, no battery technology can compete cost-wise with the internal ... cost-wise with the internal combustion engine. “The outlook in the near future for electric cars does not look that promising,” says Daniel Scherson, an electrochemist at Case Western ...

Devin Powell

2012-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

413

Battery Stack-on Process Improvement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Imagine yourself in a job in which you stack 10,000 batteries onto a conveyor for eight hours. Each battery weighs about 22 pounds. The work is completed in an acidic environment where temperatures can peak in the summer as high as 100 degrees...

Watkins, Robert E.

2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

414

Transparent lithium-ion batteries , Sangmoo Jeongb  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and solar cells; however, transparent batteries, a key component in fully integrated transparent devices by a microfluidics-assisted method. The feature dimension in the electrode is below the resolution limit of human (11), and solar cells (12­14). However, the battery, a key component in portable electronics, has

Cui, Yi

415

Prediction of thermal behaviors of an air-cooled lithium-ion battery system for hybrid electric vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Thermal management has been one of the major issues in developing a lithium-ion (Li-ion) hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) battery system since the Li-ion battery is vulnerable to excessive heat load under abnormal or severe operational conditions. In this work, in order to design a suitable thermal management system, a simple modeling methodology describing thermal behavior of an air-cooled Li-ion battery system was proposed from vehicle components designer's point of view. A proposed mathematical model was constructed based on the battery's electrical and mechanical properties. Also, validation test results for the Li-ion battery system were presented. A pulse current duty and an adjusted US06 current cycle for a two-mode HEV system were used to validate the accuracy of the model prediction. Results showed that the present model can give good estimations for simulating convective heat transfer cooling during battery operation. The developed thermal model is useful in structuring the flow system and determining the appropriate cooling capacity for a specified design prerequisite of the battery system.

Yong Seok Choi; Dal Mo Kang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Argonne Transportation - Lithium Battery Technology Patents  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Awarded Lithium Battery Technology Patents Awarded Lithium Battery Technology Patents "Composite-structure" material is a promising battery electrode for electric vehicles Argonne National Laboratory has been granted two U.S. patents (U.S. Pat. 6,677,082 and U.S. Pat. 6,680,143) on new "composite-structure" electrode materials for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. Electrode compositions of this type are receiving worldwide attention. Such electrodes offer superior cost and safety features over state-of-the-art LiCoO2 electrodes that power conventional lithium-ion batteries. Moreover, they demonstrate outstanding cycling stability and can be charged and discharged at high rates, making them excellent candidates to replace LiCoO2 for consumer electronic applications and hybrid electric vehicles.

417

Paper Battery Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Paper Battery Co Paper Battery Co Jump to: navigation, search Name Paper Battery Co. Place Troy, New York Zip 12180 Product Paper Battery Co. is constructing a hybrid ultracapacitor/battery which yeilds high power and energy density. The material used is a nano-porous cellulous. Coordinates 39.066587°, -80.768578° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.066587,"lon":-80.768578,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

418

Towards Safer Lithium-Ion Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Towards Safer Lithium-Ion Batteries Towards Safer Lithium-Ion Batteries Speaker(s): Guoying Chen Date: October 25, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Venkat Srinivasan Safety problems associated with rechargeable lithium batteries are now well recognized. Recent spectacular fires involving cell phones, laptops, and (here at LBNL) AA cells have made the news. These events are generally caused by overcharging and subsequent development of internal shorts. Before these batteries can be used in vehicle applications, improvement in cell safety is a must. We have been active in the area of lithium battery safety for many years. For example, a versatile, inexpensive overcharge protection approach developed in our laboratory, uses an electroactive polymer to act as a reversible, self-actuating, low resistance internal

419

The BATINTREC process for reclaiming used batteries  

SciTech Connect

The Integrated Battery Recycling (BATINTREC) process is an innovative technology for the recycling of used batteries and electronic waste, which combines vacuum metallurgical reprocessing and a ferrite synthesis process. Vacuum metallurgical reprocessing can be used to reclaim the mercury (Hg) in the dry batteries and the cadmium (Cd) in the Ni-Cd batteries. The ferrite synthesis process reclaims the other heavy metals by synthesizing ferrite in a liquid phase. Mixtures of manganese oxide and carbon black are also produced in the ferrite synthesis process. The effluent from the process is recycled, thus significantly minimizing its discharge. The heavy metal contents of the effluent could meet the Integrated Wastewater Discharge Standard of China if the ratio of the crushed battery scrap and powder to FeSO{sub 4}{center_dot}7H{sub 2}O is set at 1:6. This process could not only stabilize the heavy metals, but also recover useful resource from the waste.

Xia Yueqing; Li Guojian

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Multi-cell storage battery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multi-cell storage battery, in particular to a lithium storage battery, which contains a temperature control device and in which groups of one or more individual cells arranged alongside one another are separated from one another by a thermally insulating solid layer whose coefficient of thermal conductivity lies between 0.01 and 0.2 W/(m*K), the thermal resistance of the solid layer being greater by at least a factor .lambda. than the thermal resistance of the individual cell. The individual cell is connected, at least in a region free of insulating material, to a heat exchanger, the thermal resistance of the heat exchanger in the direction toward the neighboring cell being selected to be greater by at least a factor .lambda. than the thermal resistance of the individual cell and, in addition, the thermal resistance of the heat exchanger toward the temperature control medium being selected to be smaller by at least a factor of about 10 than the thermal resistance of the individual cell, and .lambda. being the ratio of the energy content of the individual cell to the amount of energy that is needed to trigger a thermally induced cell failure at a defined upper operating temperature limit.

Brohm, Thomas (Hattersheim, DE); Bottcher, Friedhelm (Kelkheim, DE)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow battery solution" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Learning Policies For Battery Usage Optimization in Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

algorithmic chal- lenge. 1 Introduction Electric vehicles, partially or fully powered by batteries, are oneLearning Policies For Battery Usage Optimization in Electric Vehicles Stefano Ermon, Yexiang Xue for the widespread adoption of electric vehicles. Multi-battery systems that combine a standard battery

Bejerano, Gill

422

Understanding human-battery interaction on mobile phones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mobile phone users have to deal with limited battery lifetime through a reciprocal process we call human-battery interaction (HBI). We conducted three user studies in order to understand HBI and discover the problems in existing mobile phone designs. ... Keywords: batteries, human-battery interaction, mobile phones, power management

Ahmad Rahmati; Angela Qian; Lin Zhong

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Solid electrolytes for battery applications a theoretical perspective a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solid state batteries at the present time. · Several companies are involved in all solids state batterySolid electrolytes for battery applications ­ a theoretical perspective a Natalie Holzwarth ion batteries Solid electrolytes Advantages 1. Excellent chemical and physical stability. 2. Perform

Holzwarth, Natalie

424

BROADBAND IDENTIFICATION OF BATTERY ELECTRICAL IMPEDANCE FOR HEV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­ CEA LETI/LITEN; P. Granjon ­ GIPSA-Lab; Abstract -- In recent years, Li-ion batteries have been for the broadband monitoring of a battery. Keywords-- battery impedance, spectroscopy, broadband signals, Li-ion system of EV and HEV. Li-ion battery technology is believed to be the most attractive

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

425

Conservation of Mass 25 on the flow rates? b) Determine the amounts of the solutes in each of the tanks as  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the tanks as functions of time. (b) What happens to the concentrations of the solutes in each tank in the long run? Exercise 4.4. Imagine three tanks each containing three different substances in solution. The tanks are connected by equal sized pipes to form a closed loop; that is, tank-1 feeds tank-2 and is fed

Chicone, Carmen

426

Lithium Metal Anodes for Rechargeable Batteries  

SciTech Connect

Rechargeable lithium metal batteries have much higher energy density than those of lithium ion batteries using graphite anode. Unfortunately, uncontrollable dendritic lithium growth inherent in these batteries (upon repeated charge/discharge cycling) and limited Coulombic efficiency during lithium deposition/striping has prevented their practical application over the past 40 years. With the emerging of post Li-ion batteries, safe and efficient operation of lithium metal anode has become an enabling technology which may determine the fate of several promising candidates for the next generation of energy storage systems, including rechargeable Li-air battery, Li-S battery, and Li metal battery which utilize lithium intercalation compounds as cathode. In this work, various factors which affect the morphology and Coulombic efficiency of lithium anode will be analyzed. Technologies used to characterize the morphology of lithium deposition and the results obtained by modeling of lithium dendrite growth will also be reviewed. At last, recent development in this filed and urgent need in this field will also be discussed.

Xu, Wu; Wang, Jiulin; Ding, Fei; Chen, Xilin; Nasybulin, Eduard N.; Zhang, Yaohui; Zhang, Jiguang

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

427

Argonne TTRDC - Publications - Transforum 10.2 - Battery Facilities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Battery Facilities Will Help Accelerate Commercialization of Technologies New Battery Facilities Will Help Accelerate Commercialization of Technologies Gang Cheng tests batteries At existing Argonne battery testing labs, researcher Gang Cheng conducts an experiment to detect moisture in battery electrolytes. Moisture is detrimental to the performance and longevity of battery cells. Argonne will soon have three new battery facilities to bolster its research and development of battery materials and batteries for hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and all other electric vehicles. The Lab was recently awarded $8.8 million in American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) funding to build a Battery Prototype Cell Fabrication Facility, a Materials Production Scale-Up Facility and a Post-Test Analysis Facility.

428

APPLICATIONS – PORTABLE | Military: Batteries and Fuel Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electrical power supply is a critical issue for all parts of modern armies, including today's and future foot soldiers. Batteries are the fundamental source of energy supply. However, where today mainly primary batteries are used in battlefield operations, future scenarios will more likely use secondary batteries in combination with fuel cells for recharging. Thereby, two lines of development are currently being pursued: larger recharging units in the range of 250 W carried by entire squads and smaller fuel cells in the range of 25 W carried by individual soldiers most likely as part of a soldier energy network.

C. Cremers; J. Tübke; M. Krausa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Final Progress Report for Linking Ion Solvation and Lithium Battery Electrolyte Properties  

SciTech Connect

The research objective of this proposal was to provide a detailed analysis of how solvent and anion structure govern the solvation state of Li+ cations in solvent-LiX mixtures and how this, in turn, dictates the electrolyte physicochemical and electrochemical properties which govern (in part) battery performance. Lithium battery electrolytes remain a poorly understood and hardly studied topic relative to the research devoted to battery electrodes. This is due to the fact that it is the electrodes which determine the energy (capacity) of the battery. The electrolyte, however, plays a crucial role in the practical energy density, power, low and/or high temperature performance, lifetime, safety, etc. which is achievable. The development within this project of a "looking glass" into the molecular interactions (i.e., solution structure) in bulk electrolytes through a synergistic experimental approach involving three research thrusts complements work by other researchers to optimize multi-solvent electrolytes and efforts to understand/control the electrode-electrolyte interfaces, thereby enabling the rational design of electrolytes for a wide variety of battery chemistries and applications (electrolytes-on-demand). The three research thrusts pursued include: (1) conduction of an in-depth analysis of the thermal phase behavior of diverse solvent-LiX mixtures, (2) exploration of the ionic association/solvate formation behavior of select LiX salts with a wide variety of solvents, and (3) linking structure to properties?determination of electrolyte physicochemical and electrochemical properties for comparison with the ionic association and phase behavior.

Henderson, Wesley

2014-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

430

Role of Recycling in the Life Cycle of Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ROLE OF RECYCLING IN THE LIFE CYCLE OF BATTERIES ROLE OF RECYCLING IN THE LIFE CYCLE OF BATTERIES J.L. Sullivan, L. Gaines, and A. Burnham Argonne National Laboratory, Energy Systems Division Keywords: battery, materials, recycling, energy Abstract Over the last few decades, rechargeable battery production has increased substantially. Applications including phones, computers, power tools, power storage, and electric-drive vehicles are either commonplace or will be in the next decade or so. Because advanced rechargeable batteries, like those

431

EV Everywhere Batteries Workshop- Next Generation Lithium Ion Batteries Breakout Session Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Breakout session presentation for the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge: Battery Workshop on July 26, 2012 held at the Doubletree O'Hare, Chicago, IL.

432

Improved layered mixed transition metal oxides for Li-ion batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for rechargeable lithium batteries," Science 311(5763), 977-^ for Advanced Lithium-Ion Batteries," J. Electrochem. Soc.02 for lithium-ion batteries," Chem. Lett. , [3] Yabuuchi,

Doeff, Marca M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Surface reconstruction and chemical evolution of stoichiometric layered cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Li-Rich Layered Oxides for Lithium Batteries. Nano Lett. 13,O 2 Cathode Material in Lithium Ion Batteries. Adv. Energysolvent decomposition in lithium ion batteries: first-

Lin, Feng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Structural Integration of Silicon Solar Cells and Lithium-ion Batteries Using Printed Electronics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solid state battery ..of the thin-film solid state battery is shown in Fig. 13.the thin-film solid state battery. CHAPTER FIVE Performance

Kang, Jin Sung

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

AEA Battery Systems Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AEA Battery Systems Ltd AEA Battery Systems Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name AEA Battery Systems Ltd Place Caithness, United Kingdom Zip KW14 7XW Product Designs, manufactures and supplies specialist lithium-ion high performance cells and batteries. Coordinates 36.482929°, -94.323563° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.482929,"lon":-94.323563,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

436

Coda Battery Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coda Battery Systems Coda Battery Systems Jump to: navigation, search Name Coda Battery Systems Place Enfield, Connecticut Sector Vehicles Product Connecticut-based joint venture producing lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles. Coordinates 36.181032°, -77.662805° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.181032,"lon":-77.662805,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

437

Recycling of Li-Ion Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Linda Gaines Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory Recycling of Li-Ion Batteries Illinois Sustainable Technology Center University of Illinois We don't want to trade one crisis for another!  Battery material shortages are unlikely - We demonstrated that lithium demand can be met - Recycling mitigates potential scarcity  Life-cycle analysis checks for unforeseen impacts  We need to find something to do with the used materials - Safe - Economical 2 We answer these questions to address material supply issues  How many electric-drive vehicles will be sold in the US and world-wide?  What kind of batteries might they use? - How much lithium would each battery use?  How much lithium would be needed each year?

438

Electric Fuel Battery Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fuel Battery Corporation Fuel Battery Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name Electric Fuel Battery Corporation Place Auburn, Alabama Zip 36832 Product Develops and manufactures BA-8180/U high power zinc-air battery for military applications. Coordinates 42.79301°, -110.997909° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.79301,"lon":-110.997909,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

439

From corrosion to batteries: Electrochemical interface studies...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

From corrosion to batteries: Electrochemical interface studies Thursday, October 18, 2012 - 11:00am SSRL, Bldg. 137, Rm 226 Dr. Frank Uwe Renner Max-Planck-Institut fr...

440

Design of a thermophotovoltaic battery substitute  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many military platforms that currently use the BA-5590 primary battery or the BB-390A/U rechargeable battery are limited in performance by low storage capacity and long recharge times. Thermo Power Corporation with team members JX Crystals and Essential Research Inc. is developing an advanced thermophotovoltaic (TPV) battery substitute that will provide higher storage capacity lower weight and instantaneous recharging (by refueling). The TPV battery substitute incorporates several advanced design features including: an evacuated and sealed enclosure for the emitter and PV cells to minimize unwanted convection heat transfer from the emitter to PV cells; selective tungsten emitter with a well matched gallium antimonide PV cell receiver; optical filter to recycle nonconvertible radiant energy; and a silicon carbide thermal recuperator to recover thermal energy from exhaust gases.

Edward F. Doyle; Frederick E. Becker; Kailash C. Shukla; Lewis M. Fraas

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow battery solution" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Studies On Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Subsequent to the studies on precursor lead-acid systems by Daniel, Grove and Sindesten, practical lead-acid batteries began with the research and inventions of Raymond Gaston… (more)

Martha, Surendra Kumar

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Sulphur back in vogue for batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... densities and relative safety are more important than the thousands of charge cycles a commercial electric car requires. Researchers do not expect to see a commercial lithium–sulphur battery before the ...

Richard Van Noorden

2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

443

Vehicle Technologies Office: Applied Battery Research  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Applied battery research addresses the barriers facing the lithium-ion systems that are closest to meeting the technical energy and power requirements for hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) and electric...

444

Memorandum to DOE re Battery Chargers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

We are following up on our meeting with DOE on August 7, 2014.  During the meeting, several topics were identified as warranting further investigation as related to battery chargers,  including...

445

NREL: Energy Storage - Isothermal Battery Calorimeters  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

100 Maximum Constant Heat Generation (W) 50 150 4,000 Working with Industry to Fine-Tune Energy Storage Designs The IBCs' capabilities make it possible for battery developers to...

446

A monolithically integrated thermo-adsorptive battery .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A rechargeable thermal battery based on advanced zeolite or metal-organic framework water adsorbents promises extremely high capacity for both cooling (>800 kJ/L) and heating (>1150… (more)

McKay, Ian Salmon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

How Advanced Batteries Are Energizing the Economy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Earlier today, President Obama visited Johnson Controls in Holland, Michigan to highlight how this once shuttered factory is helping rev up the advanced battery industry in the United States. This...

448

Intercalation dynamics in lithium-ion batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new continuum model has been proposed by Singh, Ceder, and Bazant for the ion intercalation dynamics in a single crystal of rechargeable-battery electrode materials. It is based on the Cahn-Hilliard equation coupled to ...

Burch, Damian

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

A High-Performance PHEV Battery Pack  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

cooling system we have developed in our previous program with respect to mass, volume, cost and power demand. Deliver cells and battery packs to USABC for testing. Tasks OEM...

450

USABC Battery Separator Development | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010 -- Washington D.C. es007smith2010o.pdf More Documents & Publications USABC Battery Separator Development Celgard...

451

Washington: Battery Manufacturer Brings Material Production Home...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) funds from EERE, built a new plant to produce nano-engineered carbon materials for batteries and other energy storage devices that can be...

452

Guaranteed Verification of Finite Element Solutions of Heat Conduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2 Research goals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.3 Outline of the dissertation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 II A POSTERIORI ERROR ESTIMATION OF A THERMAL BATTERY PROBLEM WITH HIGH ORTHOTROPY . . . . . 5 2....1 Thermal battery problem and its finite element solution . . 5 2.2 Upper and lower bounds based on residual estimators . . . 12 III ILLUSTRATION OF THE MAIN DIFFICULTY . . . . . . . . 31 3.1 Model problem with boundary layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31...

Wang, Delin

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

453

High-discharge-rate lithium ion battery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides for a lithium ion battery and process for creating such, comprising higher binder to carbon conductor ratios than presently used in the industry. The battery is characterized by much lower interfacial resistances at the anode and cathode as a result of initially mixing a carbon conductor with a binder, then with the active material. Further improvements in cycleability can also be realized by first mixing the carbon conductor with the active material first and then adding the binder.

Liu, Gao; Battaglia, Vincent S; Zheng, Honghe

2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

454

Progress in Grid Scale Flow Batteries | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

2012) Home About the Fuel Cell Technologies Office Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Delivery Hydrogen Storage Fuel Cells Technology Validation Manufacturing Safety, Codes, and...

455

Chemical preconcentrator with integral thermal flow sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A chemical preconcentrator with integral thermal flow sensor can be used to accurately measure fluid flow rate in a microanalytical system. The thermal flow sensor can be operated in either constant temperature or constant power mode and variants thereof. The chemical preconcentrator with integral thermal flow sensor can be fabricated with the same MEMS technology as the rest of the microanlaytical system. Because of its low heat capacity, low-loss, and small size, the chemical preconcentrator with integral thermal flow sensor is fast and efficient enough to be used in battery-powered, portable microanalytical systems.

Manginell, Ronald P. (Albuquerque, NM); Frye-Mason, Gregory C. (Cedar Crest, NM)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Recent advances in lithium–sulfur batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries have attracted much attention lately because they have very high theoretical specific energy (2500 Wh kg?1), five times higher than that of the commercial LiCoO2/graphite batteries. As a result, they are strong contenders for next-generation energy storage in the areas of portable electronics, electric vehicles, and storage systems for renewable energy such as wind power and solar energy. However, poor cycling life and low capacity retention are main factors limiting their commercialization. To date, a large number of electrode and electrolyte materials to address these challenges have been investigated. In this review, we present the latest fundamental studies and technological development of various nanostructured cathode materials for Li–S batteries, including their preparation approaches, structure, morphology and battery performance. Furthermore, the development of other significant components of Li–S batteries including anodes, electrolytes, additives, binders and separators are also highlighted. Not only does the intention of our review article comprise the summary of recent advances in Li–S cells, but also we cover some of our proposals for engineering of Li–S cell configurations. These systematic discussion and proposed directions can enlighten ideas and offer avenues in the rational design of durable and high performance Li–S batteries in the near future.

Lin Chen; Leon L. Shaw

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Chongqing Wanli Storage Battery Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wanli Storage Battery Co Wanli Storage Battery Co Jump to: navigation, search Name Chongqing Wanli Storage Battery Co. Place Chongqing Municipality, China Sector Solar, Vehicles, Wind energy Product The scope of Wanli's power storage business includes batteries made for electric motorcycles and industrial vehicles, boats, and cars. It also includes batteries to store power from solar or wind power plants. References Chongqing Wanli Storage Battery Co.[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Chongqing Wanli Storage Battery Co. is a company located in Chongqing Municipality, China . References ↑ "Chongqing Wanli Storage Battery Co." Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Chongqing_Wanli_Storage_Battery_Co&oldid=34358

458

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Battery Manufacturing Tax Incentives  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Battery Manufacturing Battery Manufacturing Tax Incentives to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Battery Manufacturing Tax Incentives on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Battery Manufacturing Tax Incentives on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Battery Manufacturing Tax Incentives on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Battery Manufacturing Tax Incentives on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Battery Manufacturing Tax Incentives on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Battery Manufacturing Tax Incentives on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Battery Manufacturing Tax Incentives For taxation purposes, the taxable fair market value of manufacturing

459

Making Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges  

SciTech Connect

A Li-air battery could potentially provide three to five times higher energy density/specific energy than conventional batteries, thus enable the driving range of an electric vehicle comparable to a gasoline vehicle. However, making Li-air batteries rechargeable presents significant challenges, mostly related with materials. Herein, we discuss the key factors that influence the rechargeability of Li-air batteries with a focus on nonaqueous system. The status and materials challenges for nonaqueous rechargeable Li-air batteries are reviewed. These include electrolytes, cathode (electocatalysts), lithium metal anodes, and oxygen-selective membranes (oxygen supply from air). The perspective of rechargeable Li-air batteries is provided.

Shao, Yuyan; Ding, Fei; Xiao, Jie; Zhang, Jian; Xu, Wu; Park, Seh Kyu; Zhang, Jiguang; Wang, Yong; Liu, Jun

2013-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

460

Flexographically Printed Rechargeable Zinc-based Battery for Grid Energy Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of gel electrolyte based solid-state battery chemistry alsoproject, a solid-state rechargeable battery was developedsolid-state batteries, as discussed in this dissertation, has the potential to disrupt the current battery

Wang, Zuoqian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow battery solution" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Characterization of Electrode Materials for Lithium Ion and Sodium Ion Batteries using Synchrotron Radiation Techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relationships in the Li-Ion Battery Electrode Material LiNiAl foil may be used for Li ion battery cathode materials andElectrode materials, Li ion battery, Na ion battery, X-ray

Doeff, Marca M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Aqueous solution synthesis of reduced graphene oxide-germanium nanoparticles and their electrical property testing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aqueous solution synthesis of reduced graphene oxide-germanium nanoparticles (RGO-GeNPs) was developed using graphene oxide (GO) as stabilizer, which could ... . The as-synthesized RGO-GeNPs showed excellent battery

Huabin Yin; Jinmei Luo; Peihui Yang; Pinghe Yin

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Li?Air Rechargeable Battery Based on Metal-free Graphene Nanosheet Catalysts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Li?Air Rechargeable Battery Based on Metal-free Graphene Nanosheet Catalysts ... Aqueous Rechargeable Li and Na Ion Batteries ...

Eunjoo Yoo; Haoshen Zhou

2011-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

464

NREL: Continuum Magazine - Electric Vehicle Battery Development Gains  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electric Vehicle Battery Development Gains Momentum Electric Vehicle Battery Development Gains Momentum Issue 5 Print Version Share this resource Electric Vehicle Battery Development Gains Momentum CAEBAT collaboration targets EDV batteries with longer range and lifespan, at a lower cost. A photo of two men silhouetted in front of six back-lit display screens showing battery models, located in a dark room (22008). Enlarge image NREL's modeling, simulation, and testing activities include battery safety assessment, next-generation battery technologies, material synthesis and research, subsystem analysis, and battery second use studies. Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL "When people get behind the wheel of an electric car, it should be a great driving experience. Period." Dr. Taeyoung Han, GM technical fellow, said,

465

Ultralife Corporation formerly Ultralife Batteries Inc | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Corporation formerly Ultralife Batteries Inc Corporation formerly Ultralife Batteries Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Ultralife Corporation (formerly Ultralife Batteries Inc.) Place Newark, New Jersey Zip NY 14513 Product New Jersey-based developer and manufacturer of standard and customised lithium primary, lithium ion and lithium polymer rechargeable batteries. References Ultralife Corporation (formerly Ultralife Batteries Inc.)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Ultralife Corporation (formerly Ultralife Batteries Inc.) is a company located in Newark, New Jersey . References ↑ "Ultralife Corporation (formerly Ultralife Batteries Inc.)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Ultralife_Corporation_formerly_Ultralife_Batteries_Inc&oldid=352474"

466

BatPRO: Battery Manufacturing Cost Estimation | Argonne National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BatPRO: Battery Manufacturing Cost Estimation BatPRO models a stiff prismatic pouch-type cell battery pack with cells linked in series. BatPRO models a stiff prismatic pouch-type...

467

Design and fabrication of evaporators for thermo-adsorptive batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current heating and cooling within electric vehicles places a significant demand on the battery, greatly reducing their potential driving range. An Advanced Thermo- Adsorptive Battery (ATB) reduces this load by storing ...

Farnham, Taylor A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

High Voltage Electrolytes for Li-ion Batteries | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electrolytes for Li-ion Batteries High Voltage Electrolytes for Li-ion Batteries 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and...

469

Shida Battery Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Co, Ltd Place: China Product: Shida is a China-based maker of NiMH and Li-Poly batteries with applications that include e-bikes. References: Shida Battery Technology Co,...

470

Zhuhai Hange Battery Tech Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tech Co, Ltd Place: China Product: ZhuHai City - based maker of Lithium Polymer batteries. References: Zhuhai Hange Battery Tech Co, Ltd1 This article is a stub. You can...

471

NREL/CCSE PEV Battery Second Use Project (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation describes the Battery Second Use Project. Preliminary analysis results show (1) the impact of competing technologies, (2) potential revenue generation, and (3) supply and demand of the second use of plug-in electric vehicle batteries. The impact of competing technologies are: maximum salve value of a used battery will be limited by future battery prices, under favorable conditions, second use can only discount today's battery prices by 12% or less, however, second use will offer batteries to second applications at reduced cost (typically < $170/kWh). Revenue streams are highly variable, allowable battery costs are highly sensitive to balance-of-system costs, and batteries need to be very cheap for these applications to be viable. Supply and demand show that high-value applications have both competition and small markets, and supply from plug-in electric vehicles has the potential to overwhelm many second use markets.

Neubauer, J.; Pesaran, A.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Print Wednesday, 27 February 2013 00:00 Our way of life is deeply...

473

Three-Dimensional Metal Scaffold Supported Bicontinuous Silicon Battery Anodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three-Dimensional Metal Scaffold Supported Bicontinuous Silicon Battery Anodes Huigang Zhang Supporting Information ABSTRACT: Silicon-based lithium ion battery anodes are attracting significant during cycling generally leads to anode pulverization unless the silicon is dispersed throughout a matrix

Braun, Paul

474

Meeting regarding DOE Energy Conservations Standards for Battery  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Discussion points presented relating to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Energy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers.  The DOE battery charger efficiency regulations cover only consumer...

475

Three-Dimensional Lithium-Ion Battery Model (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Nonuniform battery physics can cause unexpected performance and life degradations in lithium-ion batteries; a three-dimensional cell performance model was developed by integrating an electrode-scale submodel using a multiscale modeling scheme.

Kim, G. H.; Smith, K.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Solid-state Graft Copolymer Electrolytes for Lithium Battery Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Battery safety has been a very important research area over the past decade. Commercially available lithium ion batteries employ low flash point (<80 °C), flammable, and volatile organic electrolytes. These organic based ...

Hu, Qichao

477

Transport and Failure in Li-ion Batteries | Stanford Synchrotron...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Li-ion Batteries Monday, February 13, 2012 - 1:30pm SSRL Conference Room 137-322 Stephen J. Harris, General Motors R&D While battery performance is well predicted by the...

478

Abuse Testing of High Power Batteries | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Abuse Testing of High Power Batteries Abuse Testing of High Power Batteries Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle Technologies "Mega" Merit Review 2008 on February 25,...

479

Graphene-Based Composite Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Graphene has emerged as a novel, highly promising ... . As an anode material for lithium-ion batteries, it was shown that it cannot be ... cycling that leads to the failure of the batteries. To resolve this probl...

Nathalie Lavoie; Fabrice M. Courtel…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Synthesis, Characterization and Performance of Cathodes for Lithium Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

battery used for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) or electric vehicles (EVs) due to its low cost, low toxicity, thermal andthermal stability. 109-112 Thus, it proves to be a promising candidate cathode in battery

Zhu, Jianxin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flow battery solution" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Efficient Lithium-Ion Battery Pack Electro-Thermal Simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A methodology to derive a computational efficient electro-thermal battery pack model is showed. It is taken ... up of three orders of magnitude for the thermal part. The electrical battery model is implemented an...

L. Kostetzer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Determining the environmental and thermal characteristics of coke oven batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method is proposed for assessing the environmental and thermal characteristics of coke oven batteries and is tested for coke oven batteries 1 and 5 at OAO Zaporozhkoks. On ... the basis of data for the environm...

E. I. Toryanik; A. L. Borisenko; A. S. Malysh; A. A. Lobov…

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Thermophysical Properties of Lithium Alloys for Thermal Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermal batteries are electrochemical systems primarily used in defense ... . The current state-of-the art for thermal batteries relies upon the Li/FeS2...couple for power generation with the anode typically an L...

Geoffrey A. Swift

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Thermal runaway of valve-regulated lead-acid batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Valve-regulated lead-acid (VRLA) batteries that have aged on a float charge at constant voltage occasionally suffer from thermal runaway. Operating conditions for a VRLA battery have been simulated by changing th...

Junmei Hu; Yonglang Guo; Xuechou Zhou

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Thermal Behavior and Modeling of Lithium-Ion Cuboid Battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermal behaviour and model are important items should be considered when designing a battery pack cooling system. Lithium-ion battery thermal behaviour and modelling method are investigated in this paper. The te...

Hongjie Wu; Shifei Yuan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Rechargeable lithium battery energy storage systems for vehicular applications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Batteries are used on-board vehicles for broadly two applications – starting-lighting-ignition (SLI) and vehicle traction. This thesis examines the suitability of the rechargeable lithium battery… (more)

HURIA, TARUN

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Modeling the operating voltage of liquid metal battery cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A one-dimensional, integrative model of the voltage during liquid metal battery operation has been developed to enhance the understanding of performance at the cell level. Two liquid metal batteries were studied: Mg-Sb for ...

Newhouse, Jocelyn Marie

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Synthesis, Characterization and Performance of Cathodes for Lithium Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new cathode material for batteries of high energy density.high-energy cathode for rechargeable lithium batteries. Advanced Materialsmaterials are promising cathodes, as they can provide high power and high energy,

Zhu, Jianxin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Microfabricated thin-film batteries : technology and potential applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-energy-density lithium ion batteries have enabled a myriad of small consumer-electronics applications. Batteries for these applications most often employ a liquid electrolyte system. However, liquid electrolytes do ...

Greiner, Julia

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Water and Gold: A Promising Mix for Future Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Water and Gold: A Promising Mix for Future Batteries Water and Gold: A Promising Mix for Future Batteries Berkeley Lab Study Reveals Molecular Structure of Water at Gold Electrodes...

491

Overview of Battery R&D Activities | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

of Battery R&D Activities Overview of Battery R&D Activities 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

492

Overview of Battery R&D Activities | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

of Battery R&D Activities Overview of Battery R&D Activities 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

493

Are batteries ready for plug-in hybrid buyers?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Of the battery chemistries discussed, only Li-ion shows the2008) battery researchers continue to develop Li-ionbattery chemistries: nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) and lithium-ion (Li-

Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S.; Burke, Andrew

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Are Batteries Ready for Plug-in Hybrid Buyers?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Of the battery chemistries discussed, only Li-ion shows the2008) battery researchers continue to develop Li-ionbattery chemistries: nickel- metal hydride (NiMH) and lithium-ion (Li-

Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Are Batteries Ready for Plug-in Hybrid Buyers?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Of the battery chemistries discussed, only Li-ion shows the2008) battery researchers continue to develop Li-ionbattery chemistries: nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) and lithium-ion (Li-

Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S; Burke, Andy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Battery Park Industries Inc formerly Moltech Power Systems Inc | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Battery Park Industries Inc formerly Moltech Power Systems Inc Battery Park Industries Inc formerly Moltech Power Systems Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Battery Park Industries Inc (formerly Moltech Power Systems, Inc) Place Gainesville, Florida Product Bundled rechargeable battery manufacturing assets of Moltech Power Systems, following that company's bankruptcy. References Battery Park Industries Inc (formerly Moltech Power Systems, Inc)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Battery Park Industries Inc (formerly Moltech Power Systems, Inc) is a company located in Gainesville, Florida . References ↑ "Battery Park Industries Inc (formerly Moltech Power Systems, Inc)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Battery_Park_Industries_Inc_formerly_Moltech_Power_Systems_Inc&oldid=342547"

497

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Battery and Engine Research Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Vehicle Battery and Vehicle Battery and Engine Research Tax Credits to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Battery and Engine Research Tax Credits on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Battery and Engine Research Tax Credits on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Battery and Engine Research Tax Credits on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Battery and Engine Research Tax Credits on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Battery and Engine Research Tax Credits on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Battery and Engine Research Tax Credits on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

498

Lithium-Thionyl Chloride Batteries for the Mars Pathfinder Microrover  

SciTech Connect

A discussion of the power requirements for the Mars Pathfinder Mission is given. Topics include: battery requirements; cell design; battery design; test descriptions and results. A summary of the results is also included.

Deligiannis, F.; Frank, H.; Staniewicz, R.J.; Willson, J. [SAFT America, Inc., Cockeysville, MD (United States)

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

NREL: News Feature - NREL Battery Testing Capabilities Get a...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

battery module consisting of 12 cylindrical lithium ion cells. The unit was tested for Saft America as part of a DOEFreedomCAR project. Credit: Pat Corkery The battery research...

500

The assessment of battery-ultracapacitor hybrid energy storage systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Battery-ultracapacitors hybrid energy storage systems (ESS) could combine the high power density and high life cycle of ultracapacitors with the high energy density of batteries, which forms a promising energy storage ...

He, Yiou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z