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1

National Flood Insurance Act | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Flood Insurance Act Flood Insurance Act Jump to: navigation, search Statute Name National Flood Insurance Act Year 1968 Url [[File:|160px|link=]] Description References FEMA Library[1] Wikipedia[2] The National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 is a piece of legislation passed in the United States that led to the creation of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). The National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 created the Federal Insurance Administration and made flood insurance available for the first time. The Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 made the purchase of flood insurance mandatory for the protection of property located in Special Flood Hazard Areas. The National Flood Insurance Act is administered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency. The NFIP goals are two-fold:

2

An Approach to Crop-Hail Insurance Rate Revision  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hailstorms are meteorological events that have a considerably adverse impact on crop production. Variation of these events in time and space, in turn, influence crop-hail insurance rate structure. Crop-hail insurance companies normally review ...

J. C. Neill

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Developing Rainfall Insurance Rates for the Contiguous United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Historical hourly rainfall data (1950–84) were subjected to spatial and temporal analyses to provide information for developing rainfall insurance rates for the contiguous United States. The dimensions of the study illustrate a balance between ...

Stanley A. Changnon; Joyce M. Changnon

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Worth of Geophysical Data in Natural-Disaster-Insurance Rate Setting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Insurance firms that offer natural-disaster insurance base their rates on available information. The benefits from collecting additional data and incorporating this information to improve parameter estimates of probability distributions that are ...

E. D. Attanasi; M. R. Karlinger

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Floods  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Floods Floods Nature Bulletin No. 15 May 19, 1945 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Clayton F. Smith, President Roberts Mann, Superintendent of Conservation FLOODS Fish thrive on floods. Then they can gorge themselves on worms, slugs and insects from the inundated bottomlands, or on food washed in from the fields and woods. The recent heavy rains have put the DesPlaines river far out of its banks. Fish from tributaries and bottomland ponds or lakes where they escaped suffocation under the ice last winter, are moving about actively and restocking those stretches of the streams where thousands perished They may even come upstream, over the dams, from the lower river, Very few fish are ever swept downstream over dams. Within the past few days, bullheads, minnows, bluegills and other kinds have been caught, and found to be fat and plump with food

6

Loan Insurance Program (Maine)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Loan Insurance Program provides businesses with loan insurance. Two types are available?Pro-rated insurance covering a certain percentage of lenders loss or leveraged insurance covering 100% of...

7

Competition among Life Insurance Companies: The Driving Force of High Policy Rates?,” Working Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the effect competition has on the decisions of life insurance companies. In particular, we are interested in the companies ’ choices of policy rates and investment strategies given that they have issued contracts with a minimum rate of return guarantee. Our modeling framework is a one-period Cournot model of duopoly. We find policy rates and investment strategies that sustain a Nash equilibrium. We compare the results to the cooperative solution, that is, the case where the companies operate as a monopoly company and share the profits. Our model illustrates how competition between companies drives companies to offer relatively high policy rates, in particular rates above the risk free rate of return. Special thanks to Peter Ove Christensen and Kristian Miltersen. Claus Munk, and Martin Skovgaard Hansen were highly appreciated.

Mette Hansen

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

UW Madison Fleet Fiscal Year 2010 Rates: Fuel, maintenance and insurance costs are included. If fuel prices exceed the budgeted  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UW Madison Fleet Fiscal Year 2010 Rates: Fuel, maintenance and insurance costs are included. If fuel prices exceed the budgeted amount by a significant margin, the rates will be amended with a fuel surcharge at that time and the change notice will be posted in the fleet web site, rates page. Some rate

Sheridan, Jennifer

9

Rate Optimization for Polymer and CO2 Flooding Under Geologic Uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the depletion of the existing reservoirs and the decline in oil discoveries during the last few decades, enhanced oil recovery (EOR) methods have gained a lot of attention. Among the various improved recovery methods, waterflooding is by far the most widely used. However, the presence of reservoir heterogeneity such as high permeability streaks often leads to premature breakthrough and poor sweep resulting in reduced oil recovery. This underscores the need for a prudent reservoir management, in terms of optimal production and injection rates, to maximize recovery. The increasing deployment of smart well completions and i-field has inspired many researchers to develop algorithms to optimize the production/injection rates along intervals of smart wells. However, the application of rate control for other EOR methods has been relatively few. This research aims to extend previous streamline-based rate optimization workflow to polymer flooding and CO2 flooding. The objective of the approach is to maximize sweep efficiency and minimize recycling of injected fluid (polymer/CO2) by delaying its breakthrough. This is achieved by equalizing the front arrival time at the producers using streamline time-of-flight. Arrival time is rescaled to allow for optimization after breakthrough of injected fluid. Additionally, we propose an accelerated production strategy to increase NPV over sweep efficiency maximization case. The optimization is performed under operational and facility constraints using a sequential quadratic programming approach. The geological uncertainty has been accounted via a stochastic optimization framework based on the combination of the expected value and variance of a performance measure from multiple realizations. Synthetic and field examples are used extensively to demonstrate the practical feasibility and robustness of our approach for application to EOR processes.

Sharma, Mohan

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Maximizing Storage Rate and Capacity and Insuring the Environmental Integrity of Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Geological Reservoirs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Maximizing Storage Rate and Capacity and Insuring the Environmental Maximizing Storage Rate and Capacity and Insuring the Environmental Integrity of Carbon dioxide Sequestration in Geological Reservoirs L. A. Davis Lorne.Davis@coe.ttu.edu Department of Petroleum Engineering A. L. Graham Alan.Graham@coe.ttu.edu H. W. Parker** Harry.Parker@coe.ttu.edu Department of Chemical Engineering Texas Tech University Lubbock, Texas 79409 M. S. Ingber ingber@me.unm.edu A. A. Mammoli mammoli@me.unm.edu Department of Mechanical Engineering University of New Mexico Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 L. A. Mondy lamondy@engsci.sandia.gov Energetic and Multiphase Processes Department Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-0834 Quanxin Guo quan@advantekinternational.com Ahmed Abou-Sayed a.abou-sayed@att.net

11

Maximizing Storage Rate and Capacity and Insuring the Environmental Integrity of Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Geological Reservoirs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Maximizing Storage Rate and Capacity and Insuring the Environmental Integrity of Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Geological Formations The U.S. and other countries may enter into an agreement that will require a significant reduction in CO2 emissions in the medium to long term. In order to achieve such goals without drastic reductions in fossil fuel usage, CO2 must be removed from the atmosphere and be stored in acceptable reservoirs. The research outlined in this proposal deals with developing a methodology to determine the suitability of a particular geologic formation for the long-term storage of CO2 and technologies for the economical transfer and storage of CO2 in these formations. A novel well-logging technique using nuclear-magnetic resonance (NMR) will be developed to characterize the geologic formation including the integrity and quality of the reservoir seal (cap rock). Well-logging using NMR does not require coring, and hence, can be performed much more quickly and efficiently. The key element in the economical transfer and storage of the CO2 is hydraulic fracturing the formation to achieve greater lateral spreads and higher throughputs of CO2. Transport, compression, and drilling represent the main costs in CO2 sequestration. The combination of well-logging and hydraulic fracturing has the potential of minimizing these costs. It is possible through hydraulic fracturing to reduce the number of injection wells by an order of magnitude. Many issues will be addressed as part of the proposed research to maximize the storage rate and capacity and insure the environmental integrity of CO2 sequestration in geological formations. First, correlations between formation properties and NMR relaxation times will be firmly established. A detailed experimental program will be conducted to determine these correlations. Second, improved hydraulic fracturing models will be developed which are suitable for CO2 sequestration as opposed to enhanced oil recovery (EOR). Although models that simulate the fracturing process exist, they can be significantly improved by extending the models to account for nonsymmetric, nonplanar fractures, coupling the models to more realistic reservoir simulators, and implementing advanced multiphase flow models for the transport of proppant. Third, it may be possible to deviate from current hydraulic fracturing technology by using different proppants (possibly waste materials that need to be disposed of, e.g., asbestos) combined with different hydraulic fracturing carrier fluids (possibly supercritical CO2 itself). Because current technology is mainly aimed at enhanced oil recovery, it may not be ideally suited for the injection and storage of CO2. Finally, advanced concepts such as increasing the injectivity of the fractured geologic formations through acidization with carbonated water will be investigated. Saline formations are located through most of the continental United States. Generally, where saline formations are scarce, oil and gas reservoirs and coal beds abound. By developing the technology outlined here, it will be possible to remove CO2 at the source (power plants, industry) and inject it directly into nearby geological formations, without releasing it into the atmosphere. The goal of the proposed research is to develop a technology capable of sequestering CO2 in geologic formations at a cost of US $10 per ton.

L.A. Davis; A.L. Graham; H.W. Parker; J.R. Abbott; M.S. Ingber; A.A. Mammoli; L.A. Mondy; Quanxin Guo; Ahmed Abou-Sayed

2005-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

12

Use of Climatological Data in Weather Insurance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are three major types of crop-related weather insurance: hail, all perlis, and rain insurance. The development of rates is an exercise in applied climatology, and the importance of the historical data selected for assessing risk (and ...

Stanley A. Changnon; Joyce M. Changnon

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Mitigating Flood Loss through Local Comprehensive Planning in Florida  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Planning researchers believe that property losses from natural hazards, such as floods can be reduced if governments address this issue and adopt appropriate policies in their plans. However, little empirical research has examined the relationship between plan quality and actual property loss from floods. My research addresses this critical gap in the planning and hazard research literature by evaluating the effectiveness of current plans and policies in mitigating property damage from floods. Specifically, this study: 1) assesses the extent to which local comprehensive plans integrate flood mitigation policies in Florida; and 2) it examines the impact of the quality of flood mitigation policies on actual insured flood damages. Study results show that fifty-three local plans in the sample received a mean score for total flood mitigation policy quality of 38.55, which represents 35.69% of the total possible points. These findings indicate that there is still considerable room for improvement by local governments on flooding issues. The scores of local plans varied widely, with coastal communities receiving significantly higher scores than non-coastal communities. While most communities adopted land use management tools, such as permitted land use and wetland permits as primary flood mitigation tools, incentive based tools/taxing tools and acquisition tools were rarely adopted. This study also finds that plan quality associated with flood mitigation policy had little discernible effect on reducing insured flood damage while controlling for biophysical, built environment and socio-economic variables. This result counters the assumption inherent in previous plan quality research that better plans mitigate the adverse effects associated with floods and other natural hazards. There are some possible explanations for this result in terms of plan implementation, land use management paradox and characteristics of insurance policies. The statistical analysis also suggests that insured flood loss is considerably affected by wetland alteration and a community's location on the coast. Another finding indicates that very strong leadership and dam construction are factors in mitigating flood loss.

Kang, Jung Eun

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Insurance | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Benefits » Insurance Benefits » Insurance Insurance As a Federal employee, you may be able to enroll in health, dental, vision and life insurance, flexible spending accounts, and apply for long term care insurance. Federal Employee Health Benefits Program (FEHB) Federal Employee Group Life Insurance (FEGLI) Federal Employee Dental and Vision Program (FEDVIP) Federal Long Term Care Insurance Program (FLTCIP) Flexible Spending Accounts (FSAFEDS) Life Events For additional assistance with insurance programs for federal employee's, click the "Contact" link to see a list of HR Specialist by the organization's they service. HR Contacts Benefits DOE Workers' Compensation Program Insurance Military/Reservist Retirement Telework Thrift Savings Plan (TSP) Wellness Programs Employee & Labor Relations

15

Polymer flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book covers all aspects of polymer flooding, an enhanced oil recovery method using water soluble polymers to increase the viscosity of flood water, for the displacement of crude oil from porous reservoir rocks. Although this method is becoming increasingly important, there is very little literature available for the engineer wishing to embark on such a project. In the past, polymer flooding was mainly the subject of research. The results of this research are spread over a vast number of single publications, making it difficult for someone who has not kept up-to-date with developments during the last 10-15 years to judge the suitability of polymer flooding to a particular field case. This book tries to fill that gap. An indispensable book for reservoir engineers, production engineers and lab. technicians within the petroleum industry.

Littmann, W.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Disaster Protection Act of 1973 Disaster Protection Act of 1973 Jump to: navigation, search Statute Name Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 Year 1973 Url [[File:|160px|link=]] Description References FDPA Text[1] The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) is administered primarily under two statutes: the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 and the Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 (FDPA). The NFIP is administered by a department of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the Federal Insurance Administration (FIA). The FDPA requires federal financial regulatory agencies to adopt regulations prohibiting their regulated lending institutions from making, increasing, extending or renewing a loan secured by improved real estate or a mobile home located or to be located in a SFHA in a community participating in the NFIP unless the property

17

An expert system for strategic control of accidents and insurers' risks in building construction projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Building construction projects appear to have higher accident rates. Contractors procure workers' compensation insurance (WCI) to transfer these risks to insurance companies. The commitment of insurers under WCI is extremely broad; there are no exclusions ... Keywords: Buildings, Expert system, Fuzzy logic, Occupational health and safety, Singapore, Workers' compensation insurance

Kamardeen Imriyas

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Home Equity Insurance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Home equity insurance policiesÐpolicies insuring homeowners against declines in the prices of their homesÐ would bear some resemblance both to ordinary insurance and to ®nancial hedging vehicles. A menu of choices for the design of such policies is presented here, and conceptual issues are discussed. Choices include pass-through futures and options, in which the insurance company in effect serves as a retailer to homeowners of short positions in real estate futures markets or of put options on real estate indices. Another choice is a life-event-triggered insurance policy, in which the homeowner pays regular ®xed insurance premia and is entitled to a claim if both a suf®cient decline in the real estate price index and a speci®ed life event (such as a move beyond a certain geographical distance) occur. Pricing of the premia to cover loss experience is derived, and tables of break-even policy premia are shown, based on estimated models of Los Angeles housing prices from 1971 to 1994. Key Words: real estate risk, insurance, hedging, mortgages In this article we propose insurance policies to enable individuals to protect themselves against the risks of declines in the prices of their homes. As far as we have been able to determine, there is no precedent for true insurance policies on home price. 1 And yet, despite the neglect of such home equity insurance policies in the past, these policies could

Robert J. Shiller; Allan N. Weiss; Cowles Foundation; Paper No; Robert J. Shiller; Allan N. Weiss

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Sensitivity of WSR-88D Rainfall Estimates to the Rain-Rate Threshold and Rain Gauge Adjustment: A Flash Flood Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A strong thunderstorm produced a flash flood on the evening of 12 July 1996 in Buffalo Creek, Colorado, that caused two deaths and significant property damage. Most of the rain fell in a 1-h time period from 2000 to 2100 MDT. The performance of ...

Richard A. Fulton

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Retiree Medical Insurance for 2014  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plans Retiree Medical Insurance for 2014 Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Mexico (BCBSNM) is the provider of medical benefits. Contact Retiree Insurance Providers For the 2014...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood insurance rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Essays in unemployment insurance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis consists of three essays that examine household responses to state unemployment insurance (UI) generosity across spells of unemployment, with a particular emphasis on the role of liquidity constraints. Enacted ...

Brown, David Walton

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Extreme Flood Response: The June 2008 Flooding in Iowa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We examine the hydroclimatology, hydrometeorology and hydrology of extreme floods through analyses that center on the June 2008 flooding in Iowa. The most striking feature of the June 2008 flooding was the flood peak of the Cedar River at Cedar ...

James A. Smith; Mary Lynn Baeck; Gabriele Villarini; Daniel B. Wright; Witold Krajewski

23

Flooding and Fire Ants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fire ants can be a serious problem during and after a flood. This publication explains how to protect yourself when you must return to flooded structures or deal with storm debris.

Nester, Paul

2008-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

24

State Farm Insurance | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

State Farm Insurance Jump to: navigation, search Name State Farm Insurance Place Bloomington, IL Website http:www.statefarminsurance. References State Farm Insurance1...

25

Beyond Testing: Empirical Models of Insurance Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

life insurance market: asymmetric information revisited. J.of insurance markets with incomplete information. J. Econ.Keywords: Insurance markets; Asymmetric information; Adverse

Einav, Liran; Finkelstein, Amy; Levin, Jonathan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

The Environmental Impacts of Subsidized Crop Insurance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impacts of Subsidized Crop Insurance page 17 ReferencesR.A. Kramer. “Experience with Crop Insurance Programs in theUnited States. ” Crop Insurance for Agricultural

LaFrance, Jeffrey T.; Shimshack, J. P.; Wu, S. Y.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Steam-flooding  

SciTech Connect

Steam-flooding has become an established recovery technique within the last 20 years. This overview discusses its evolution, methods for selecting and designing steam-floods, constraints, and possible improvements. The term steam-flooding is used here in a general sense. The discussion includes steam soak (cyclic steam injection) and steam drive.

Matthews, C.S.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Crop Insurance Terms and Definitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This publication is a glossary of terms used by the crop insurance industry. There are definitions for terms used in crop insurance documents and for terms pertaining to coverage levels, farming, reports, units and parties to contracts.

Stokes, Kenneth; Waller, Mark L.; Outlaw, Joe; Barnaby, G. A. Art

2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

29

Decontaminating Flooded Wells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This publication explains how to decontaminate and disinfect a well, test the well water and check for well damage after a flood.

Boellstorff, Diana; Dozier, Monty; Provin, Tony; Dictson, Nikkoal; McFarland, Mark L.

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

30

Optimum Reservoir Operation for Flood Control and Conservation Purposes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rapid population and economic growth in Texas is accompanied by increased needs for water supply and flood control. Depleting groundwater reserves are resulting in an increased reliance on surface water. The rising cost of fossil fuel during the 1970's has focused attention on increasing hydroelectric power generation. Instream flow needs for fish and wildlife habitat and maintenance of fresh water inflows to bays and estuaries have received increased attention in recent years. The climate of the state is characterized by extremes of floods and droughts. Reservoirs are necessary to control and utilize the highly variable streamflow. Due to a number of economic, environmental, institutional, and political factors, construction of additional new reservoir projects is much more difficult now than in the past. Consequently, optimizing the beneficial use of existing reservoirs is becoming increasingly more important. In addition to ever increasing water related needs, other factors affecting reservoir operation change over time as well. Watershed and flood plain conditions are dynamic. Construction of numerous small flood retarding dams by the Soil Conservation Service and other entities in the watersheds of major reservoirs have reduced flood inflows to the reservoirs. Construction of numerous small ponds for recreation or watering livestock have also decreased reservoir inflows and yields. Increased runoff caused by watershed urbanization is significantly contributing to flooding problems in certain locations. The existing flood control reservoirs were planned and designed based on the expectation of ever increasing intensification of flood plain land use. However, the National Flood Insurance Program has resulted in zoning and regulation of 100-year flood plains. With stringent flood plain management, susceptibility to flooding could actually decrease over time as existing activities choose to leave the flood plain and regulation prevents other activities from moving into the flood plain. Reservoir sedimentation reduces available storage capacity. Construction of additional reservoirs, as well as other related types of projects such as conveyance facilities, flood control levees and channel improvements, and electric power plants, affect the operation of existing reservoirs. Technological advancements in hydrologic data collection, streamflow forecasting, system modeling and analysis, and computer technology provide opportunities for refining operating policies. Reservoir storage capacities and operating policies are generally established prior to construction and tend to remain constant thereafter. However, public needs and objectives and numerous factors affecting reservoir effectiveness significantly change over time. The increasing necessity to use limited storage capacity as effectively as possible warrants periodic reevaluations of operating policies. Operating procedures should be responsive to changing needs and conditions. Reallocation of storage capacity between flood control and conservation purposes represents one general strategy for modifying operating policies in response to changing needs and conditions. Reservoir operation is based upon the conflicting objectives of maximizing the amount of water available for conservation purposes and maximizing the amount of empty space available for storing flood waters. Conservation purposes include municipal, industrial, and agricultural water supply, hydroelectric power, recreation, and instream flow maintenance. Common practice is to operate a reservoir only for conservation purposes or only for flood control or to designate a certain reservoir volume, or pool, for conservation purposes and a separate pool for flood control. The conservation and flood control pools in a multiple purpose reservoir are fixed by a designated top of conservation (bottom of flood control) pool elevation. Planning, design, and operating problems associated with flood control are handled separately from those associated with conservation. Institutional arra

Wurbs, Ralph A.; Cabezas, L. Morris; Tibbets, Michael N.

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Distillation Column Flooding Predictor  

SciTech Connect

The Flooding Predictor™ is a patented advanced control technology proven in research at the Separations Research Program, University of Texas at Austin, to increase distillation column throughput by over 6%, while also increasing energy efficiency by 10%. The research was conducted under a U. S. Department of Energy Cooperative Agreement awarded to George Dzyacky of 2ndpoint, LLC. The Flooding Predictor™ works by detecting the incipient flood point and controlling the column closer to its actual hydraulic limit than historical practices have allowed. Further, the technology uses existing column instrumentation, meaning no additional refining infrastructure is required. Refiners often push distillation columns to maximize throughput, improve separation, or simply to achieve day-to-day optimization. Attempting to achieve such operating objectives is a tricky undertaking that can result in flooding. Operators and advanced control strategies alike rely on the conventional use of delta-pressure instrumentation to approximate the column’s approach to flood. But column delta-pressure is more an inference of the column’s approach to flood than it is an actual measurement of it. As a consequence, delta pressure limits are established conservatively in order to operate in a regime where the column is never expected to flood. As a result, there is much “left on the table” when operating in such a regime, i.e. the capacity difference between controlling the column to an upper delta-pressure limit and controlling it to the actual hydraulic limit. The Flooding Predictor™, an innovative pattern recognition technology, controls columns at their actual hydraulic limit, which research shows leads to a throughput increase of over 6%. Controlling closer to the hydraulic limit also permits operation in a sweet spot of increased energy-efficiency. In this region of increased column loading, the Flooding Predictor is able to exploit the benefits of higher liquid/vapor traffic that produce increased contact area and lead to substantial increases in separation efficiency – which translates to a 10% increase in energy efficiency on a BTU/bbl basis. The Flooding Predictor™ operates on the principle that between five to sixty minutes in advance of a flooding event, certain column variables experience an oscillation, a pre-flood pattern. The pattern recognition system of the Flooding Predictor™ utilizes the mathematical first derivative of certain column variables to identify the column’s pre-flood pattern(s). This pattern is a very brief, highly repeatable, simultaneous movement among the derivative values of certain column variables. While all column variables experience negligible random noise generated from the natural frequency of the process, subtle pre-flood patterns are revealed among sub-sets of the derivative values of column variables as the column approaches its hydraulic limit. The sub-set of column variables that comprise the pre-flood pattern is identified empirically through in a two-step process. First, 2ndpoint’s proprietary off-line analysis tool is used to mine historical data for pre-flood patterns. Second, the column is flood-tested to fine-tune the pattern recognition for commissioning. Then the Flooding Predictor™ is implemented as closed-loop advanced control strategy on the plant’s distributed control system (DCS), thus automating control of the column at its hydraulic limit.

George E. Dzyacky

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

32

Flash Flood Forecasting: An Ingredients-Based Methodology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An approach to forecasting the potential for flash flood-producing storms is developed, using the notion of basic ingredients. Heavy precipitation is the result of sustained high rainfall rates. In turn, high rainfall rates involve the rapid ...

Charles A. Doswell III; Harold E. Brooks; Robert A. Maddox

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

RATES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Planning & Projects Planning & Projects Power Marketing Rates You are here: SN Home page > Power Marketing > RATES Rates and Repayment Services Rates Current Rates Power Revenue Requirement Worksheet (FY 2014) (Oct 2013 - Sep 2014) (PDF - 30K) PRR Notification Letter (Sep 27, 2013) (PDF - 959K) FY 2012 FP% True-Up Calculations(PDF - 387K) Variable Resource Scheduling Charge FY12-FY16 (October 1, 2012) PRR Forecast FY14-FY17 (May 23, 2013) (PDF - 100K) Forecasted Transmission Rates (May 2013) (PDF - 164K) Past Rates 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 Historical CVP Transmission Rates (April 2013) (PDF - 287K) Rate Schedules Power - CV-F13 - CPP-2 Transmission - CV-T3 - CV-NWT5 - PACI-T3 - COTP-T3 - CV-TPT7 - CV-UUP1 Ancillary - CV-RFS4 - CV-SPR4 - CV-SUR4 - CV-EID4 - CV-GID1 Federal Register Notices - CVP, COTP and PACI

34

RATES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Marketing > RATES Marketing > RATES RATES Current Rates Past Rates 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Rates Schedules Power CV-F13 CPP-2 Transmissions CV-T3 CV-NWT5 PACI-T3 COTP-T3 CV-TPT7 CV-UUP1 Ancillary CV-RFS4 CV-SPR4 CV-SUR4 CV-EID4 CV-GID1 Future and Other Rates SNR Variable Resource Scheduling Charge FY12-FY16 (October 1, 2012) SNR Rates Process Calendar (PDF - 171K) Procedures Informal Process Transmission Action Items List (PDF - 144K) Power Action Item List updated on 4-27-10 (PDF - 155K) Power Action Item List (Quick links to relevant documents) Formal Process Rates Brochure (01/11/2011) (PDF - 900K) Appendix A - Federal Register Notice (01/03/2011) (PDF - 8000K) Appendix B - Central Valley Project Power Repayment Study (PDF - 22,322K) Appendix C - Development of the CVP Cost of Service Study (PDF - 2038K)

35

RATES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RATES RATES Rates Document Library SNR Rates Process Calendar (PDF - 171K) Procedures Informal Process Transmission Action Items List (PDF - 144K) Power Action Item List updated on 4-27-10 (PDF - 155K) Power Action Item List (Quick links to relevant documents) Formal Process Rates Brochure (01/11/2011) (PDF - 900K) Appendix A - Federal Register Notice (01/03/2011) (PDF - 8000K) Appendix B - Central Valley Project Power Repayment Study (PDF - 22,322K) Appendix C - Development of the CVP Cost of Service Study (PDF - 2038K) Appendix D - Western Transmission System Facilities Map (PDF - 274K) Appendix E - Estimated FY12 FP and BR Customer (PDF - 1144K) Appendix F - Forecasted Replacements and Additions FY11 - FY16 (PDF - 491K) Appendix G - Definitions (PDF - 1758K) Appendix H - Acronyms (PDF - 720K)

36

Polymer flooding review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reviews published results of the use of polymers to improve oil recovery. A discussion of the capabilities of the available types of polymers and where they have been successful is coupled with the principles of the mechanisms of polymer flooding to serve as a guide for future applications. The scope of this review is limited to case histories where full-scale polymer floods were applied, as opposed to near-well treatments.

Needham, R.B.; Doe, P.H.

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Homeowner's Property Insurance Issues (Spanish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

People whose homes are damaged in a natural disaster may have questions about their homeowner's insurance, what insurance will cover, how to assess the damage, and what records they will need in filing a claim. This publication answers those questions and more.

Granovsky, Nancy L.

2007-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

38

Energy Insurance Brokers | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in Palm Springs, California . References "Energy Insurance Brokers" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleEnergyInsuranceBrokers&oldid344864" Categories:...

39

2010 Small Area Health Insurance Estimates (SAHIE) Interactive Data and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2010 Small Area Health Insurance Estimates (SAHIE) Interactive Data and 2010 Small Area Health Insurance Estimates (SAHIE) Interactive Data and Mapping Tool Consumer Data Apps Challenges Resources About Blogs Let's Talk Feedback Consumer You are here Data.gov » Communities » Consumer » Data 2010 Small Area Health Insurance Estimates (SAHIE) Interactive Data and Mapping Tool Dataset Summary Description The Interactive Data and Mapping Tool provides users a way to access all post-2005 SAHIE data; in multiple formats; in a sleek, organized, and innovative way. Currently, data can be downloaded as a Pdf, CSV or screenshot. Tags {"small area",model,"health insurance",uninsured,"interactive maps","interactive data"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet

40

Optimal reinsurance/investment problems for general insurance models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper the utility optimization problem for a general insurance model is studied. The reserve process of the insurance company is described by a stochastic differential equation driven by a Brownian motion and a Poisson random measure, representing the randomness from the financial market and the insurance claims, respectively. The random safety loading and stochastic interest rates are allowed in the model so that the reserve process is non-Markovian in general. The insurance company can manage the reserves through both portfolios of the investment and a reinsurance policy to optimize a certain utility function, defined in a generic way. The main feature of the problem lies in the intrinsic constraint on the part of reinsurance policy, which is only proportional to the claim-size instead of the current level of reserve, and hence it is quite different from the optimal investment/consumption problem with constraints in finance. Necessary and sufficient conditions for both well posedness and solvability...

Liu, Yuping; 10.1214/08-AAP582

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood insurance rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Insurance coverage for coal ash liabilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper discusses how liability insurance can be a valuable tool for limiting coal ash liabilities.

Elkind, D.L. [Dickstein Shapiro LLP (United States)

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Federal Employees Group Life Insurance (FEGLI)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

*. Bookmark and Share. Federal Employees Group Life Insurance (FEGLI). Contact Human Resources. Through the Federal ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

43

Flooding and Fire Ants (Spanish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fire ants can be a serious problem during and after a flood. This publication explains how to protect yourself when you must return to flooded structures or deal with storm debris.

Nester, Paul

2008-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

44

Risk transfer via energy savings insurance  

SciTech Connect

Among the key barriers to investment in energy efficiency improvements are uncertainties about attaining projected energy savings and apprehension about potential disputes over these savings. The fields of energy management and risk management are thus intertwined. While many technical methods have emerged to manage performance risks (e.g. building commissioning), financial risk transfer techniques are less developed in the energy management arena than in other more mature segments of the economy. Energy Savings Insurance (ESI) - formal insurance of predicted energy savings - is one method of transferring financial risks away from the facility owner or energy services contractor. ESI offers a number of significant advantages over other forms of financial risk transfer, e.g. savings guarantees or performance bonds. ESI providers manage risk via pre-construction design review as well as post-construction commissioning and measurement and verification of savings. We found that the two mos t common criticisms of ESI - excessive pricing and onerous exclusions - are not born out in practice. In fact, if properly applied, ESI can potentially reduce the net cost of energy savings projects by reducing the interest rates charged by lenders, and by increasing the level of savings through quality control. Debt service can also be ensured by matching loan payments to projected energy savings while designing the insurance mechanism so that payments are made by the insurer in the event of a savings shortfall. We estimate the U.S. ESI market potential of $875 million/year in premium income. From an energy-policy perspective, ESI offers a number of potential benefits: ESI transfers performance risk from the balance sheet of the entity implementing the energy savings project, thereby freeing up capital otherwise needed to ''self-insure'' the savings. ESI reduces barriers to market entry of smaller energy services firms who do not have sufficiently strong balance sheets to self-insure th e savings. ESI encourages those implementing energy saving projects to go beyond standard, tried-and-true measures and thereby achieve more significant levels of energy savings; and ESI providers stand to be proponents of improved savings measurement and verification techniques, as well as maintenance, thereby contributing to national energy savings objectives and perhaps elevating the quality of information available for program evaluation. Governmental agencies have been pioneers in the use of ESI and could continue to play a role in developing this innovative risk-transfer mechanism. There is particular potential for linkages between ESI and the ENERGY STAR (registered trademark) Buildings Program. It is likely that ENERGY STAR (registered trademark)-labeled commercial buildings (which have lower performance risk thanks to commissioning) would be attractive to providers of energy savings insurance. Conversely, the award of energy savings insurance to an ENERGY STAR (registered trade mark)-labeled building would raise the perceived credibility of the Label and energy savings attributed to the Program.

Mills, Evan

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Federal Long Tern Care Insurance Program (FLTCIP) | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program (FLTCIP) Federal Long Tern Care Insurance Program (FLTCIP) The Federal Long Term Care Insurance Program (FLTCIP) provides long term care insurance to help pay for costs...

46

The Multiple Peril Crop Insurance Actual Production History (APH) Insurance Plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Actual Production History insurance plan protects against crop losses from a number of causes. All aspects of this insurance are described, including reporting requirements for the producer.

Stokes, Kenneth; Barnaby, G. A. Art; Waller, Mark L.; Outlaw, Joe

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

47

The Environmental Impacts of Subsidized Crop Insurance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CITE NWQI) Wet- lands provide flood protection and pollutionchemical pollution. Additionally, economically marginal land

LaFrance, Jeffrey T.; Shimshack, J. P.; Wu, S. Y.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

West Virginia Loan Insurance Program (West Virginia)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The West Virginia Loan Insurance Program, provides a loan insurance program in cooperation with third party lenders to assist firms that cannot obtain conventional bank financing. Up to 80% of the...

49

Optimizing Crop Insurance under Climate Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies the selection of optimal crop insurance under climate variability and fluctuating market prices. A model was designed to minimize farmers’ expected losses (including insurance costs) while using the conditional-value-at-risk ...

Juan Liu; Chunhua Men; Victor E. Cabrera; Stan Uryasev; Clyde W. Fraisse

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Slavery, Insurance, and Sacrifice in the Black  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

__ ls __ le __ ll 167 CHAPTER 9 Slavery, Insurance, and Sacrifice in the Black Atlantic TIM;Slavery, Insurance, and Sacrifice in the Black Atlantic · 169 __ ls __ le __ ll residence, age and quality as 1781, it is by analogy with ransom provisions that the French began to insure the lives of "black

Sheldon, Nathan D.

51

A study of risk management and capital allocation in Korean Insurance Companies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Korean life insurance industry has rapidly grown over the past decades. The CAGR (Compounded Annual Growth Rate) of asset from 1978 to 2008 is 22.8%. As the asset size increases very fast, risk management plays a vital ...

Huh, Jungmoo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Improving Gas Flooding Efficiency  

SciTech Connect

This study focuses on laboratory studies with related analytical and numerical models, as well as work with operators for field tests to enhance our understanding of and capabilities for more efficient enhanced oil recovery (EOR). Much of the work has been performed at reservoir conditions. This includes a bubble chamber and several core flood apparatus developed or modified to measure interfacial tension (IFT), critical micelle concentration (CMC), foam durability, surfactant sorption at reservoir conditions, and pressure and temperature effects on foam systems.Carbon dioxide and N{sub 2} systems have been considered, under both miscible and immiscible conditions. The injection of CO2 into brine-saturated sandstone and carbonate core results in brine saturation reduction in the range of 62 to 82% brine in the tests presented in this paper. In each test, over 90% of the reduction occurred with less than 0.5 PV of CO{sub 2} injected, with very little additional brine production after 0.5 PV of CO{sub 2} injected. Adsorption of all considered surfactant is a significant problem. Most of the effect is reversible, but the amount required for foaming is large in terms of volume and cost for all considered surfactants. Some foams increase resistance to the value beyond what is practical in the reservoir. Sandstone, limestone, and dolomite core samples were tested. Dissolution of reservoir rock and/or cement, especially carbonates, under acid conditions of CO2 injection is a potential problem in CO2 injection into geological formations. Another potential change in reservoir injectivity and productivity will be the precipitation of dissolved carbonates as the brine flows and pressure decreases. The results of this report provide methods for determining surfactant sorption and can be used to aid in the determination of surfactant requirements for reservoir use in a CO{sub 2}-foam flood for mobility control. It also provides data to be used to determine rock permeability changes during CO{sub 2} flooding due to saturation changes, dissolution, and precipitation.

Reid Grigg; Robert Svec; Zheng Zeng; Alexander Mikhalin; Yi Lin; Guoqiang Yin; Solomon Ampir; Rashid Kassim

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

53

Performance and Economics of Minnelusa Polymer Floods  

SciTech Connect

The secondary recovery processes of waterflooding and polymer flooding commonly used in the Minnelusa formation are compared. Flood efficiency is improved using polymer technology. Less water is injected and less water produced to recover a barrel of oil. Flood life is shortened. Results of the Simpson Ranch polymer flood show that investment in polymer technology is profitable.

Mack, J.C.; Duvall, M.L.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

The power to insure: Reducing insurance claims with new electricity options  

SciTech Connect

The benefits to the insurance industry of distributed generation technologies, especially those that use clean energy generating sources, are reviewed.

Gordes, Joel N.

2000-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

55

Oilfield flooding polymer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A monomer, polymers containing the monomer, and the use of the polymer in oilfield flooding is disclosed. The subject monomer is represented by the general formula: ##STR1## wherein: n is an integer from 0 to about 4; m is an integer from 0 to about 6; a is an integer equal to at least 1 except where m is equal to 0, a must equal 0 and where m is equal to 1, a must equal 0 or 1; p is an integer from 2 to about 10; b is an integer equal to at least 1 and is of sufficient magnitude that the ratio b/p is at least 0.2; and q is an integer from 0 to 2. The number of hydroxy groups in the monomer is believed to be critical, and therefore the sum of (a+b) divided by the sum (m+p) should be at least 0.2. The moieties linked to the acrylic nitrogen can be joined to provide a ringed structure.

Martin, Fred D. (Socorro, NM); Hatch, Melvin J. (Socorro, NM); Shepitka, Joel S. (Socorro, NM); Donaruma, Lorraine G. (Syosset, NY)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Collusion Through Insurance: Sharing the Costs of Oil Spill Cleanups  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Insurance: Sharing the Costs of Oil Spill Cleanups." EddieInsurance: Sharing the Costs of Oil Spill Cleanups EddieINSURANCE: SHARING THE COSTS OF OIL SPILL CLEANUPS Eddie

Dekel, Eddie; Scothmer, Suzanne

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Essays on Weather Indexed Insurance and Energy Use in Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Indexed Insurance and Energy Use in Mexico by Alan Fuchs AIndexed Insurance and Energy Use in Mexico Copyright 2011 byIndexed Insurance and Energy Use in Mexico by Alan Fuchs

Fuchs, Alan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

The Hartford Life and Accident Insurance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Hartford Life and Accident Insurance Company Group Numbers Basic Group Term Life AD&D-677984 Life and Accident Insurance Company. (Referred to as The Hartford or Hartford.) General information industry. Europ Assist has been helping customers in times of crisis for more than 46 years. They have

59

Medical Insurance An overview for active employees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Your UC Medical Insurance An overview for active employees #12;Agenda · Your Options · Pre-paid medical · Other Insurance Plans · Conclusion #12;Your Options #12;Your options · UC offers four types of medical plan o HMO plans (4) o POS plan o PPO plans (2) o FFS plan · Availability determined by zip code o

Burke, Peter

60

Geothermal reservoir insurance study. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The principal goal of this study was to provide analysis of and recommendations on the need for and feasibility of a geothermal reservoir insurance program. Five major tasks are reported: perception of risk by major market sectors, status of private sector insurance programs, analysis of reservoir risks, alternative government roles, and recommendations.

Not Available

1981-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood insurance rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Financial Recovery: Homeowner's Property Insurance Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

People whose homes are damaged in a natural disaster may have questions about their homeowner's insurance, what insurance will cover, how to assess the damage, and what records they will need in filing a claim. This publication answers those questions and more.

Granovsky, Nancy L.

2008-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

62

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Insurance Regulation  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Electric Vehicle (EV) Electric Vehicle (EV) Insurance Regulation to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Insurance Regulation on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Insurance Regulation on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Insurance Regulation on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Insurance Regulation on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Insurance Regulation on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Insurance Regulation on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Electric Vehicle (EV) Insurance Regulation

63

"Insurance as a Risk Management Instrument for Energy Infrastructure...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

"Insurance as a Risk Management Instrument for Energy Infrastructure Security and Resilience" Report Now Available "Insurance as a Risk Management Instrument for Energy...

64

Audit of the Department of Energy's Contractor Liability Insurance...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Contractor Liability Insurance Costs, IG-0396 Audit of the Department of Energy's Contractor Liability Insurance Costs, IG-0396 Audit of the Department of Energy's Contractor...

65

DOE Releases Filing Instructions for Federal Risk Insurance for...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Filing Instructions for Federal Risk Insurance for New Nuclear Power Plants DOE Releases Filing Instructions for Federal Risk Insurance for New Nuclear Power Plants December 21,...

66

Secretary Bodman Announces Federal Risk Insurance for Nuclear...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Federal Risk Insurance for Nuclear Power Plants & Touts Robust Economy Secretary Bodman Announces Federal Risk Insurance for Nuclear Power Plants & Touts Robust Economy August 4,...

67

Energy-Efficiency Strategies for Insurance Companies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Energy-Efficiency Strategies for Insurance Companies Figure 1: Note that the cost of windstorm damage loss has increased in part due to a rising concentration of property and populations in high-risk (e.g., coastal) areas. Inflation-corrected cost reported in 1990 prices; data from Munich Re & Swiss Re. Global climate change is in the news again, partly because the insurance industry has taken notice of the threat climate change poses to its business. Recent research at the Center for Building Science suggests that selected efficiency strategies can help protect against insurance losses while reducing greenhouse-gas emissions, a winning proposition for the insurance industry. The Climate Connection The world's 1.4-trillion-dollar insurance industry is becoming increasingly

68

Autonomous Exploration and Mapping of Flooded Sinkholes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe the control, navigation, and mapping methods that were developed for a hovering autonomous underwater vehicle that explored flooded cenotes in Mexico. The cenotes of Sistema Zacatón in Tamaulipas, Mexico are flooded ...

Nathaniel Fairfield; George Kantor; Dominic Jonak; David Wettergreen

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Catastrophic Rainfall and Flooding in Texas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heavy rainfall and flooding occurred on the Gulf Coastal Plain physiographic province of southeastern Texas in October 1994 and caused 22 deaths and more than $1 billion in damages. Record flooding occurred in the 1085 km2 Spring Creek catchment, ...

James A. Smith; Mary Lynn Baeck; Julia E. Morrison; Paula Sturdevant-Rees

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Federal Employee Group Life Insurance (FEGLI) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Federal Employee Group Life Insurance (FEGLI) Federal Employee Group Life Insurance (FEGLI) Federal Employee Group Life Insurance (FEGLI) The Federal Employees' Group Life Insurance (FEGLI) Program is a group term life insurance program for Federal and Postal employees and retirees. The Office of Personnel Management administers the Program and sets the premiums. OPM has a contract with the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company (MetLife) to provide this life insurance. The MetLife has an office called Office of Federal Employees' Group Life Insurance (OFEGLI). OFEGLI is the contractor that adjudicates claims under the FEGLI Program. FEGLI New Employees All Employees in eligible positions are automatically enrolled in Basic Life Insurance unless they choose to waive their coverage. Basic Life Insurance is effective on the first day you enter a pay and duty status.

71

Subcooling Effects for Flooding Experiments with Steam and Water in a Large Diameter Vertical Tube  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A counter current annular flow experiment was performed to determine flooding conditions for varying degrees of subcooling using steam and water. The findings can be used in reactor safety codes to provide an improved model of flooding during accident analysis. The test section is a stainless steel tube which is approximately a 5/16 scale version of a pressurized water reactor (PWR) surge line. The water flows in an annular film down the inside of the tube and steam flows upward through the annulus. Flooding is the point at which the water film reverses direction and begins to travel upward. Flooding tests were conducted at atmospheric pressure for water flow rates between 3.5 gallons per minute (GPM) and 11 GPM and water inlet temperatures between 35 degrees C and 97 degrees C. The data obtained at high water subcooling indicate a significant departure from accepted flooding correlations developed for air-water systems which is expected because vapor condensation alters the steam inlet flow rate needed to induce flooding. The data more closely follow air-water data at low subcooling. Such data has not been seen in the literature for steam-water flooding experiments in a large diameter vertical tube and will serve as an important benchmark.

Cullum, Wes

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Flooding Experiments with Steam and Water in a Large Diameter Vertical Tube  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experimental study on flooding with steam and water in a large diameter vertical tube was conducted. This research has been performed to provide a better prediction of flooding in a pressurized water reactor (PWR) pressurizer surge line to be used in reactor safety codes. Experiments were conducted using a 3-inch (76.2 mm) diameter tube 72 inches (1.83 m) long with subcooled water and super-heated steam at atmospheric pressure as the working fluids. Water flows down the inside walls of the tube as an annulus while the steam flows upward in the middle. The water flow rates ranged from 3.5 to 12 gallons per minute (GPM) (0.00022 to 0.00076 m^3/s) and the water inlet temperature was approximately 70 degrees C. The steam inlet temperature was approximately 110 degrees C. The size of the test section as well as the flow ranges of the working fluids was determined based on a scaling analysis of a PWR pressurizer surge line. Two distinct trends were observed in the data. It was found that for water flow rates below 6 GPM (0.00038 m3/s) the amount of steam required for flooding to occur decreases with an increasing water flow rate. For water flow rates above 6 GPM the amount of steam required for flooding to occur increases with an increasing water flow rate. In addition, axial water temperature data was collected. Axial water temperatures have not been recorded in previous flooding experiments with steam and water. A new correlation for predicting flooding with steam and water was proposed. This correlation was an improvement from previous correlations because it included the amount of steam condensation. Incorporation of steam-water mass exchange promotes a better prediction of behavior in reactor systems. This data for flooding with steam and water in a large diameter vertical tube can lead to a mechanistic model for flooding.

Williams, Susan Nicole

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

From Risk to Opportunity: Insurer Responses to Climate Change  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

From Risk to Opportunity: Insurer Responses to Climate Change Speaker(s): Evan Mills Date: March 20, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 The insurance industry must start actively...

74

Urban Homeowners Insurance Markets in Texas: A Search for Redlining  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There has been a continuing debate in Texas and other states about the availability and cost of home insurance to residents of inner city and minority neighborhoods. Consumer and community advocates contend that insurers

Robert W. Klein; Martin F. Grace

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Numerical assessment of flood hazard risk to people and vehicles in flash floods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flash flooding often leads to extremely dangerous and sometimes catastrophic conditions in rivers due to characteristics such as: short timescales, the limited opportunity for issuing warnings, and the frequent high average mortality. Many past extreme ... Keywords: Flash floods, Flood hazard risk, Numerical assessment, People safety, Vehicle safety

Junqiang Xia; Roger A. Falconer; Binliang Lin; Guangming Tan

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

State of the art tutorial I: simulation modeling for finance and insurance: applications of simulation models in finance and insurance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a number of applications of simulation methods to practical problems in finance and insurance. The first entails the simulation of a two-stage model of a property-casualty insurance operation. The second application simulates the operation ...

Thomas N. Herzog; Graham Lord

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

FLOODING  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... you need only to support low load and you ... Yes, of course, energy may or may not be ... the network is, and moderate per-node resource consumption. ...

2009-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

78

Influence of ENSO on Flood Frequency along the California Coast  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon on flooding in California coastal streams is investigated by analyzing the annual peak floods recorded at 38 gauging stations. The state of ENSO prior to and during flooding is ...

E. D. Andrews; Ronald C. Antweiler; Paul J. Neiman; F. Martin Ralph

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

A spatially distributed flash flood forecasting model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a distributed model that is in operational use for forecasting flash floods in northern Austria. The main challenge in developing the model was parameter identification which was addressed by a modelling strategy that involved a model ... Keywords: Distributed modelling, Dominant processes concept, Floods, Forecasting, Kalman Filter, Model accuracy, Parameter identification, Stream routing

Günter Blöschl; Christian Reszler; Jürgen Komma

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Estimation of Rainfall for Flood Prediction from WSR-88D Reflectivity: A Case Study, 17–18 October 1994  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flood forecasting requires accurate estimates of the spatial and temporal rainfall rates over a catchment. Depending on the Z–R relationship and threshold values, processing of WSR-88D reflectivity data affects the rainfall estimates used in ...

Baxter E. Vieux; Philip B. Bedient

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood insurance rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Standby rate design: current issues and possible innovations  

SciTech Connect

While options pricing principles have some relevance for the design a standby distribution rates, insurance pricing may provide an even better model. An insurance-based approach using an outage probability methodology also provides powerful incentives to the utility to connect additional DG resources to the grid. (author)

Goulding, A.J.; Bahceci, Serkan

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

82

Computation of feasible portfolio controlstrategies for an insurance company using a discrete time asset/liability model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A nonlinear discrete time asset/liability model is developed for an insurance company selling investment policies with a guaranteed minimum rate of return and a fixed maturity date. The model accommodates time-dependent investment strategies and transaction ... Keywords: Discrete time asset/liability models, Dynamic financial analysis, Feasible portfolio control, Investment policies with a guaranteed minimum rate of return

C. Frangos; S. A. Zenios; Y. Yavin

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Federal Employees' Group Life Insurance (FEGLI) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Employees' Group Employees' Group Life Insurance (FEGLI) Federal Employees' Group Life Insurance (FEGLI) Initial Enrollment Period All Employees in eligible positions are automatically enrolled in Basic Life Insurance unless they choose to waive it. Basic Life Insurance is effective on the first day you enter a pay and duty status. New employees have 31 days from the date of their appointment to elect additional Optional Insurance or to waive coverage entirely. Employees must be enrolled in Basic Life in order to elect Optional Insurance. Your completed Life Insurance Election Form, SF-2817, must be submitted to your servicing Human Resources Office in a timely manner. Additionally, employees are strongly encouraged to submit the SF-2823 Designation of Beneficiary form. The Types of Coverage Available

84

Mobility control of caustic flood  

SciTech Connect

Displacement tests to date of oil field core with alkaline solutions at reservoir temperature show low tertiary oil recovery. Inadequate mobility control is singled out as the reason for such poor recovery. To test the validity of this reasoning, a laboratory study was undertaken in which a high heat resistant polymer was used as the mobility control agent in a hot alkaline solution recovery technique. A combination of varying concentration and volumes of the polymer solution was injected into the sandpack which was then flooded with hot sodium hydroxide solution. The range of polymer concentration was between 0.0% and 3.0%, while the volume varied between 0.0 pore volume and 1.7 pore volume. It was observed that polymer injection actually did improve recovery substantially and that there is an optimum concentration and slug size of polymer for a particular reservoir. Higher concentrations of pore volumes injected did not improve recovery significantly.

Alam, M.W.; Tiab, D.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Energy-conscious construction: Litigation insurance?  

SciTech Connect

Construction defects are annoying for homeowners, and can bring on litigation that can wipe out builders. The design and construction techniques adopted by energy efficiency-minded builders may be one method of insuring a project against defects and litigation. This article discusses what to do to prevent litigation in preconstruction, construction, and postconstruction, making the modern job site work, standards for energy efficient construction, and possibilities in the future.

Luhr, S.

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Development of cost-effective surfactant flooding technology. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Task 1 of this research was the development of a high-resolution, fully implicit, finite-difference, multiphase, multicomponent, compositional simulator for chemical flooding. The major physical phenomena modeled in this simulator are dispersion, heterogeneous permeability and porosity, adsorption, interfacial tension, relative permeability and capillary desaturation, compositional phase viscosity, compositional phase density and gravity effects, capillary pressure, and aqueous-oleic-microemulsion phase behavior. Polymer and its non-Newtonian rheology properties include shear-thinning viscosity, permeability reduction, inaccessible pore volume, and adsorption. Options of constant or variable space grids and time steps, constant-pressure or constant-rate well conditions, horizontal and vertical wells, and multiple slug injections are also available in the simulator. The solution scheme used in this simulator is fully implicit. The pressure equation and the mass-conservation equations are solved simultaneously for the aqueous-phase pressure and the total concentrations of each component. A third-order-in-space, second-order-in-time finite-difference method and a new total-variation-diminishing (TVD) third-order flux limiter are used that greatly reduce numerical dispersion effects. Task 2 was the optimization of surfactant flooding. The code UTCHEM was used to simulate surfactant polymer flooding.

Pope, G.A.; Sepehrnoori, K.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Polymer flood of the Rapdan pool  

SciTech Connect

A polymer-flood project in the Rapdan field is documented from laboratory design and numerical simulation to production performance and projected economics. The Rapdan field produces 10-mPa{center_dot}s oil from the Upper Shaunavon sand at a reservoir temperature of 55 C. Average permeability is 0.114 {mu}m{sup 2}, average porosity is 18%, and Dykstra-Parsons coefficient is 0.8. The field was discovered in 1953, and waterflood began in 1962. In January 1986, a polymer pilot was initiated in a portion of the field with a PV of 456 {times} 10{sup 4} m{sup 3}. The pilot consists of 13 producers and 5 injectors drilled on 162 {times} 10{sup 3}-m{sup 2} spacing. By December 1994, 43% PV, of a 21-mPa{center_dot}s polymer solution had been injected into a confined, central five spot (Wells 12-12 and 12-12A). The oil cut increased from a stable value of 8% during the waterflood to a peak value of 25%. The corresponding daily oil production increased from 8 to 28 m{sup 3}/d at an oil cut of 36%. Production rate has declined from 140 m{sup 3}/d in 1991 to 106 m{sup 3}/d in December 1994, with a corresponding oil-cut decline from 25% to 20%.

Pitts, M.J.; Surkalo, H.; Wyatt, K. [Surtek Inc., Golden, CO (United States); Campbell, T.A. [Talisman Energy, Calgary, Alberta, CA (United States)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

3-D finite element simulation of the global tectonic changes accompanying Noah’s Flood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a mechanism for the large-scale tectonic change that accompanied Noah’s Flood. It assumes that the onset of the Flood only a few thousand years ago correlates with the notable stratigraphical and paleontological discontinuity of the Precambrian-Cambrian boundary. This implies that the geological history recorded in the rocks usually classified as Paleozoic and Mesozoic unfolded in a catastrophic manner within a few months time. It also suggests that the primary energy source for the catastrophe was the gravitational potential energy of the pre-Flood ocean lithosphere relative to the base of the mantle. The geological and geophysical data suggest that subduction of the pre-Flood ocean lithosphere began around the margin of a pre-Flood supercontinent. It is proposed that the mantle’s viscosity at that time was lower than at present to permit rapid sinking of the lithosphere into the mantle and that the sinking rate was enhanced by a thermal runaway effect associated with a temperature-dependent rheology and localized shear heating near the slabs. Rapid replacement of the cold, dense pre-Flood oceanic lithosphere with hot, less dense mantle material from below resulted in significant elevation of the ocean floors relative to the continental surfaces causing a temporary rise in the world sea level by as much as 1,500 m. Huge volumes of sea water were converted to pressurized

John R. Baumgardner

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

In-State Contract Vehicle Rental Rates (State Motor Pool Rental Contract for Business Travel)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with a full tank of gas. · Itemized receipts are required to be reimbursed. · Non-employee students Insurance. · Weekly rates are calculated at 5.5 times the Daily rate. · Monthly rates will be calculated

Harms, Kyle E.

90

CHEM2D. 2-D, 3-Phase Chemical Flood Simulator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CHEM2D is a two-dimensional, three-phase, nine component, finite difference chemical flood simulator. It can model primary depletion, waterfloods, polymer floods, and micellar/polymer floods using heterogeneous one or two-dimensional (areal or cross-sectional) reservoir descriptions. This includes the ability to model primary depletion and waterflooding of an undersaturated oil reservoir and a polymer flood in which gels are injected with polymer or cross-linking chemicals are injected. One injection well and up to four production wells are available. The user may specify well performance as either rate or pressure constrained, and both a constant time-step size and a variable time-step size based on extrapolation of concentration changes are available as options. The major physical phenomena modeled in CHEM2D are: adsorption, capillary pressure, capillary trapping, cation exchange, dilution, dispersion, interfacial tension, binary and ternary phase behavior, relative permeability, specific densities, and polymer properties (inaccessible pore volume, non-Newtonian viscosity and shear thinning, and permeability reduction). Components include water, oil, surfactant, polymer, total nonsorbing anions, calcium, alcohol, calcium-surfactant complex, and sodium. Components may partition amongst the aqueous, oleic, and microemulsion phases. An auxiliary program, PHASE, is included to provide the CHEM2D user with a tool for looking directly at the phase behavior of a system. PHASE is the phase behavior calculation of CHEM2D coupled with a driving program for generating ternary phase behavior input data and for writing out tabular results. It can be used to compute phase concentrations and saturations as a function of effective salinity and total component concentrations and phase saturations (relative volumes) as a function of effective salinity for a fixed set of total component concentrations.

Burtch, F.W. [USDOE Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, OK (United States)

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Cascade or domino effects in flood impact analysis in GIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Floods are common natural occurring disaster in most parts of the world. It results into damage of human life and environment but not seldom are the side effects of flooding causing more damages than the flood itself. To investigate such Cascade or Domino ... Keywords: GIS, cascade and domino effects, flood, risk

Åke Sivertun; Vimalkumar Vaghani

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Ensemble Forecast of a Typhoon Flood Event  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A high-resolution nested regional spectral model and an ensemble prediction system are combined to forecast the track, intensity, and flooding precipitation arising from Typhoon Winnie of August 1997, which eventually reached supertyphoon status. ...

Brian P. Mackey; T. N. Krishnamurti

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Aqueous flooding methods for tertiary oil recovery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of aqueous flooding of subterranean oil bearing formation for tertiary oil recovery involves injecting through a well into the formation a low alkaline pH aqueous sodium bicarbonate flooding solution. The flooding solution's pH ranges from about 8.25 to 9.25 and comprises from 0.25 to 5 weight percent and preferably about 0.75 to 3.0 weight percent of sodium bicarbonate and includes a petroleum recovery surfactant of 0.05 to 1.0 weight percent and between 1 and 20 weight percent of sodium chloride. After flooding, an oil and water mixture is withdrawn from the well and the oil is separated from the oil and water mixture.

Peru, Deborah A. (Bartlesville, OK)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

New York City's Vulnerability to Coastal Flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New York City, New York (NYC), is extremely vulnerable to coastal flooding; thus, verification and improvements in storm surge models are needed in order to protect both life and property. This paper highlights the Stony Brook Storm Surge (SBSS) ...

Brian A. Colle; Frank Buonaiuto; Malcolm J. Bowman; Robert E. Wilson; Roger Flood; Robert Hunter; Alexander Mintz; Douglas Hill

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Frontal Focusing of a Flooding Rainstorm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A heavy rainstorm over Kentucky, producing extensive flooding, was concentrated in a narrow band oriented nearly zonally just south of the Ohio River. Analysis of routine surface observations showed that an intense quasi-stationary surface front ...

Frederick Sanders

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Page 5, Federal Employees' Group Life Insurance (FEGLI)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 of 11 5 of 11 Previous Page Federal Employees' Group Life Insurance (FEGLI) Initial Enrollment Period All Employees in eligible positions are automatically enrolled in Basic Life Insurance unless they choose to waive it. Basic Life Insurance is effective on the first day you enter a pay and duty status. New employees have 31 days from the date of their appointment to elect additional Optional Insurance or to waive coverage entirely. Employees must be enrolled in Basic Life in order to elect Optional Insurance. Your completed Life Insurance Election Form, SF-2817, must be submitted to your servicing Human Resources Office in a timely manner. Additionally, employees are strongly encouraged to submit the SF-2823 Designation of Beneficiary form. The Types of Coverage Available

97

Overview of mine subsidence insurance programs in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research performed by the U.S. insurance industry has determined that mine subsidence is uninsurable. Consequently, the insurance industry has decided not to voluntarily offer mine subsidence insurance. The U.S. Department of the Interior has long been investigating the effects of mine subsidence. These investigations have resulted in Federal regulations and controls of mine subsidence. This U.S. Bureau of Mines report generally describes mine subsidence, the development of mine subsidence insurance programs, and the eight current mine subsidence insurance programs in the United States. The States that have these subsidence programs include Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Wyoming. Major aspects of the programs include history, administrative and operational procedures, insurable structures, recognition of mine subsidence, major exclusions, claims, insurance premiums, and the economic health of each program. Addresses of agencies involved with mine subsidence insurance are also given. Information within this report can be useful for residential and commercial property owners and mine operators. States that are considered starting or have an existing mine subsidence insurance program can also use this report as a model for initiating or modifying their programs.

Ingram, D.K. (Pittsburgh Research Center, Pittsburgh, PA (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Essays on Weather Indexed Insurance and Energy Use in Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multipliers: PROCAMPO in Mexico”, World Development Vol. 29,a Randomized Experiment in Mexico". Yale University, workingIndex Insurance: The Case of Mexico. ” American Journal of

Fuchs, Alan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

MEDICAL INSURANCE The CHEIBA Trust is pleased to continue to offer you three medical insurance plans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- 23 - MEDICAL INSURANCE The CHEIBA Trust is pleased to continue to offer you three medical and are included with your medical coverage. MyAnthemTM Tired of paperwork and phone calls? MyAnthemTM takes See if your medication is on the Anthem formulary Visit MyHealth@Anthem® , powered by Web

100

Pipe Rupture Frequencies for Internal Flooding Probabilistic Risk Assessments: Revision 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report updates a 2010 EPRI report (1021086) on piping system failure rates for use in probabilistic risk assessments (PRAs) involving internal plant flooding and high-energy line breaks (HELBs) and represents the third revision to this pipe failure rate handbook. These failure rate estimates are intended to satisfy requirements of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) and American Nuclear Society (ANS) PRA Standard RA-Sa-2009. The estimates also support an EPRI PRA Scope and ...

2013-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood insurance rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

A non-linear programming model for insurance company investment portfolio management in Nigeria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the crucial mainstay for insurance industry to survive and develop, the insurance investment enables insurance companies to offset their possible underwriting losses and make a considerable profit. There have been many issues that affect the investment ...

Emmanuel Olateju Oyatoye; Waheed Oladimeji Arilesere

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Robust Portfolio Optimization with Derivative Insurance Guarantees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robust portfolio optimization aims to maximize the worst-case portfolio return given that the asset returns are allowed to vary within a prescribed uncertainty set. If the uncertainty set is not too large, the resulting portfolio performs well under normal market conditions. However, its performance may substantially degrade in the presence of market crashes, that is, if the asset returns materialize far outside of the uncertainty set. We propose a novel robust optimization model for designing portfolios that include European-style options. This model trades o weak and strong guarantees on the worst-case portfolio return. The weak guarantee applies as long as the asset returns are realized within the prescribed uncertainty set, while the strong guarantee applies for all possible asset returns. The resulting model constitutes a convex second-order cone program, which is amenable to e cient numerical solution procedures. We evaluate the model using simulated and empirical backtests and analyze the impact of the insurance guarantees on the portfolio performance. Key words: robust optimization, portfolio optimization, portfolio insurance, second-order cone programming. 1

Steve Zymler; Berç Rustem; Daniel Kuhn

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Simulation demonstrates economics of minnelusa polymer floods  

SciTech Connect

Defining some variables with a probability distribution can establish more precisely the economic value of such projects as polymer flooding in the Minnelusa formation. An enhanced-oil-recovery (EOR) project often presents a difficult investment decision. The substantial risks and performance uncertainties must be carefully weighted against the investment costs. a Monte Carlo simulation model was used to characterize the incremental economics of a Minnelusa polymer flood. The principal questions addressed in this paper are: What is the likelihood of the EOR project being an economic success What is the expected economic benefit of the polymer flood With representative field parameters and price projections, the typical Minnelusa polymer flood was found to have a 93% chance of economic success. The expected monetary value (EMV) for the project is $1.6 million. This expected net gain results from the incremental cost of about $50,000 for additional surface equipment and about $480,000 for chemicals. Although each project must be evaluated on its own merits, these results present a strong case of considering polymer-augmented floods in the Minnelusa.

Hochanadel, S.M. (Tiorco Inc., Englewood, CO (US)); Schuyler, J.R.

1991-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

104

Why Rural America Needs a Public Health Insurance Plan Option  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The inclusion of a public health insurance plan in health care reform legislation as an option for individuals, families and businesses promises to be one of the most controversial and crucial decisions made by Congress. With the myriad health care challenges facing rural people and rural communities, the decision on whether to include a public health insurance plan option has significant potential consequences for rural America. Rural America has much to gain or lose from the public health insurance plan decision. As we have written before, the potential strengths of public health insurance plans are what many rural people and businesses need—stability and cost controls while providing health insurance access to vulnerable populations like low- and moderate-income families, small business employers and employees and the self-employed. 1, 2 This paper will examine some of the arguments for a public health insurance plan, how the public health insurance plan would address the health care challenges that exist for rural areas, and, ultimately, why the choice of a public health insurance plan option is needed for rural America.

Jon M. Bailey; Key Points

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Insuring Solar Photovoltaics: Challenges and Possible Solutions; (Revised)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Insuring solar photovoltaic (PV) systems poses certain challenges. Insurance premiums, which can represent a significant part of overall costs for PV developers, can affect market competition. The market for certain types of insurance products is limited. Historical loss data is lacking, and test data for the long-term viability of PV products under real-life conditions is limited. Insurers' knowledge about PV systems and the PV industry is uneven even as the industry introduces innovative contractual structures and business models. Interviews conducted for this report with PV project developers, insurance brokers, and underwriters suggest government actions aimed at better testing, data collection, and communication could facilitate the development of a market for PV insurance products. This report identifies actions by governments, national laboratories, and other stakeholders that could accelerate the development of insurance products in support PV systems. Such actions include: increasing understanding of the solar PV industry among insurance professionals; expanding the availability of PV historical loss data; evaluating the expansion of renewable energy business classification; developing module and component testing capabilities and services offered by federal labs; and, advancing industry standards for PV system installers.

Speer, B.; Mendelsohn, M.; Cory, K.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Secretary Bodman Announces Federal Risk Insurance for Nuclear Power Plants  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Federal Risk Insurance for Nuclear Power Federal Risk Insurance for Nuclear Power Plants & Touts Robust Economy Secretary Bodman Announces Federal Risk Insurance for Nuclear Power Plants & Touts Robust Economy August 4, 2006 - 8:42am Addthis ATLANTA, GA - After touring Georgia Power and speaking to its employees, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Secretary Samuel W. Bodman today announced completion of the final rule that establishes the process for utility companies building the next six new nuclear power plants in the United States to qualify for a portion of $2 billion in federal risk insurance. The rule will be available on DOE's web site soon. "Providing federal risk insurance is an important step in speeding the nuclear renaissance in this country," Secretary Bodman said. "Companies

107

Water Balance of the 1993 Midwest Flood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Throughout the spring and summer months of 1993, extended rainfall throughout much of the Midwestern United States caused record flooding that inundated much of the Upper Mississippi River Basin (UMRB). Precipitation in May was more then twice the normal over an area that extended from southeastern South Dakota across Iowa to eastern Kansas. From early June to the end of July, high amounts of precipitation persisted over the upper Midwest (Wahl, et al., 1993). USGS records indicated that at 45 streamflow gauging stations, the peak discharge recorded during 1993 had recurrence intervals of greater than 100 years. However, because of the natural and man-made changes in the flood region, some sites had less-than-record peak discharges (Parret, et al., 1993). The storage of large volumes of water in reservoirs significantly reduced the peak flow and flood damages downstream from the dams (Southard, 1993). Following the 1993 Midwest flood, President Clinton established the Scientific Assessment and Strategy Team (SAST) on November 24, 1993, to study the effects of the flood and to make recommendations about future flood preparedness. The SAST joined the Interagency Floodplain Management Review Committee (FMRC) on January 10, 1994 (FMRC, 1994). As part of this effort, the SAST project identified a need for a daily water balance of the flooded area to determine how much water fell and how quickly it moved through the landscape. There were two significant policy issues resulting from the flood: (1) how did the flood volume and velocity of flow increase by land use changes associated with agricultural development in the Midwest, including extensive drainage of wetlands; and (2) what plan should be adopted for restoration of failed levee systems. The first of these questions is hydrologic, the second, hydraulic. The hydraulic issues were addressed by the SAST project and related efforts by modeling the motion of water through the main tributaries of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers where the major levee failures occurred. The hydrologic questions were not so readily addressed because of the huge region affected by the flood, some 700,000 km2 in area. Flood hydrology models are normally applied to regions 100 to 1,000 times smaller than this area. Thus, the need for the present study arose – to model the movement of water through the landscape of the SAST study area by constructing a daily water balance in a series of subwatersheds in the flooded area. A USGS WEB site designated for SAST is located at: http://edcwww2.cr.usgs.gov/sast-home.html . Figure 1.1 shows the location and the extent of the SAST study area. This region covers all of the UMRB above St. Louis and that portion of the Missouri Basin whose drainage enters the Missouri River by watershed (Missouri, Platte, Kansas, Osage, and Gasconade Rivers). The contribution of the remainder of the Missouri Basin was accounted for by using gauged data from tributary flows at the border of the study region. The goal of this project was to calculate the daily water balance for the SAST region for 1993. A Geographic Information System (GIS) was used to determine the balance. GIS offers a technology to formulate more objective and consistent methods to synthesize collected data and to assess water quality and quantity over large areas (Maidment, 1996). The spatial resolution of the SAST region was defined by the location of discharge gauging stations as well as the completeness and quality of the discharge record. The preliminary analysis was performed using daily discharge values recorded at 261 USGS stations from 01/01/1993 to 09/30/1993. The final water balance was estimated for 132 watersheds defined by the stations that have a complete discharge record for all days of 1993. The cumulative storage values were then spatially averaged over 4

Mizgalewicz, Pawel J.; Maidment, David R.; White, W. Scott; Ridd, Merrill K.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Flood Forecasting in River System Using ANFIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of the present study is to investigate applicability of artificial intelligence techniques such as ANFIS (Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System) in forecasting flood flow in a river system. The proposed technique combines the learning ability of neural network with the transparent linguistic representation of fuzzy system. The technique is applied to forecast discharge at a downstream station using flow information at various upstream stations. A total of three years data has been selected for the implementation of this model. ANFIS models with various input structures and membership functions are constructed, trained and tested to evaluate efficiency of the models. Statistical indices such as Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), Correlation Coefficient (CORR) and Coefficient of Efficiency (CE) are used to evaluate performance of the ANFIS models in forecasting river flood. The values of the indices show that ANFIS model can accurately and reliably be used to forecast flood in a river system.

Ullah, Nazrin; Choudhury, P. [Dept. of Civil Eng., NIT, Silchar (India)

2010-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

109

Collaborative web application for flood control system of reservoirs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flood control for reservoirs require operations in a dynamic and cooperative manner in order to respond to the changing flood control conditions. There is an increasing emphasis on the collaboration of multiple partners with different backgrounds by ...

Chun-tian Cheng; K. W. Chau; Gang Li; Xiang-Yang Li

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Solar equipment ravaged by floods gets new life | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

equipment ravaged by floods gets new life Solar equipment ravaged by floods gets new life May 24, 2010 - 11:56am Addthis Community members install the New Bohemia solar project in...

111

Lab 11: Flooding I ---Understanding the Workings of Streams Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Lab 11: Flooding I --- Understanding the Workings of Streams Introduction Floods their activities to the natural flooding cycles of the rivers and coasts they lived beside. Still, humans have, this distance can be significantly longer that the straight-line distance separating two points. All other

Chen, Po

112

Application of a model to the evaluation of flood damage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the initial results of a common methodology for the evaluation of damage produced by a flood. A model has been developed for flood damage estimation based on a geographic information system (GIS). It could be used by land administration ... Keywords: Damage evaluation, Flood, GIS, Hydraulic modelling, Stage---damage curves

F. Luino; C. G. Cirio; M. Biddoccu; A. Agangi; W. Giulietto; F. Godone; G. Nigrelli

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Reconstructing the Texas Flood of 1938  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reconstructing the Texas Flood of 1938 Jude Kastens1 | Kevin Dobbs1 | Melinda Luna2 1Kansas Biological Survey, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 2Texas Natural Resources Information System, Texas Water Development Board, Austin, TX 2010 Texas GIS Forum October 28, 2010 Austin, TX Email: jkastens

Peterson, Blake R.

114

Flood Fatalities in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study compiles a nationwide database of flood fatalities for the contiguous United States from 1959 to 2005. Assembled data include the location of fatalities, age and gender of victims, activity and/or setting of fatalities, and the type of ...

Sharon T. Ashley; Walker S. Ashley

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Fuel cell flooding detection and correction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method and apparatus for monitoring an H.sub.2 -O.sub.2 PEM fuel cells to detect and correct flooding. The pressure drop across a given H.sub.2 or O.sub.2 flow field is monitored and compared to predetermined thresholds of unacceptability. If the pressure drop exists a threshold of unacceptability corrective measures are automatically initiated.

DiPierno Bosco, Andrew (Rochester, NY); Fronk, Matthew Howard (Honeoye Falls, NY)

2000-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

116

Orographic Influences on an Oahu Flood  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 2 April 2006, Oahu’s Ko‘olau Mountain Range endured more than 6 h of heavy rain with accompanying flash flooding along its northeast-facing slopes. The storm responsible for the event left a pattern of precipitation characteristic of orographic ...

Michael J. Murphy Jr.; Steven Businger

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Mitigating floods : reconstructing Lives : rehabilitating Thatta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pakistan was struck by floods in July 2010, the effects of which left 20.36 million people affected and 1.9 million homes damaged or destroyed'. In the province of Sindh in Pakistan, most of the affected population of the ...

Gul, Marium

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Reduced biodegradability in a polymer flood process  

SciTech Connect

In a polymer flood, where bacterial contamination frequently causes a loss in viscosity of the polymer, the viscosity of the polymer solution is maintained by the use of a xanthan polymer modified by methylation of a portion of the subunit sugar residues of the xanthan base.

Williams, D.; Munnecke, D. M.

1985-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

119

Large hazardous floods as translatory waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The theory for non-stationary flow in translatory waves is developed for an inclined plane in a prismatic channel and a funneling channel. The existence of translatory waves traveling over dry land or superimposed on constant flow is established, and ... Keywords: Flood hazard, Flow simulation, Jokulhlaup, Translatory waves

Jonas Elíasson; Snorri Pall Kjaran; Sigurdur Larus Holm; Magnus Tumi Gudmundsson; Gudrun Larsen

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Evaluation and Enhancement of Carbon Dioxide Flooding Through Sweep Improvement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon dioxide displacement is a common improved recovery method applied to light oil reservoirs (30-45{degrees}API). The economic and technical success of CO{sub 2} floods is often limited by poor sweep efficiency or large CO{sub 2} utilization rates. Projected incremental recoveries for CO{sub 2} floods range from 7% to 20% of the original oil in place; however, actual incremental recoveries range from 9% to 15% of the original oil in place, indicating the potential for significant additional recoveries with improved sweep efficiency. This research program was designed to study the effectiveness of carbon dioxide flooding in a mature reservoir to identify and develop methods and strategies to improve oil recovery in carbon dioxide floods. Specifically, the project has focused on relating laboratory, theoretical and simulation studies to actual field performance in a CO{sub 2} flood in an attempt to understand and mitigate problems of areal and vertical sweep efficiency. In this work the focus has been on evaluating the status of existing swept regions of a mature CO{sub 2} flood and developing procedures to improve the design of proposed floods. The Little Creek Field, Mississippi has been studied through laboratory, theoretical, numerical and simulation studies in an attempt to relate performance predictions to historical reservoir performance to determine sweep efficiency, improve the understanding of the reservoir response to CO{sub 2} injection, and develop scaling methodologies to relate laboratory data and simulation results to predicted reservoir behavior. Existing laboratory information from Little Creek was analyzed and an extensive amount of field data was collected. This was merged with an understanding of previous work at Little Creek to generate a detailed simulation study of two portions of the field – the original pilot area and a currently active part of the field. This work was done to try to relate all of this information to an understanding of where the CO{sub 2} went or is going and how recovery might be improved. New data was also generated in this process. Production logs were run to understand where the CO{sub 2} was entering the reservoir related to core and log information and also to corroborate the simulation model. A methodology was developed and successfully tested for evaluating saturations in a cased-hole environment. Finally an experimental and theoretical program was initiated to relate laboratory work to field scale design and analysis of operations. This work found that an understanding of vertical and areal heterogeneity is crucial for understanding sweep processes as well as understanding appropriate mitigation techniques to improve the sweep. Production and injection logs can provide some understanding of that heterogeneity when core data is not available. The cased-hole saturation logs developed in the project will also be an important part of the evaluation of vertical heterogeneity. Evaluation of injection well/production well connectivities through statistical or numerical techniques were found to be as successful in evaluating CO{sub 2} floods as they are for waterfloods. These are likely to be the lowest cost techniques to evaluate areal sweep. Full field simulation and 4D seismic techniques are other possibilities but were beyond the scope of the project. Detailed simulation studies of pattern areas proved insightful both for doing a “post-mortem” analysis of the pilot area as well as a late-term, active portion of the Little Creek Field. This work also evaluated options for improving sweep in the current flood as well as evaluating options that could have been successful at recovering more oil. That simulation study was successful due to the integration of a large amount of data supplied by the operator as well as collected through the course of the project. While most projects would not have the abundance of data that Little Creek had, integration of the available data continues to be critical for both the design and evaluation stages of CO{sub 2} floods. For cases w

Hughes, Richard

2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood insurance rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Matrix Acidizing Core Flooding Apparatus: Equipment and Procedure Description  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Core flooding is a commonly used experimental procedure in the petroleum industry. It involves pressurizing a reservoir rock and flowing fluid through it in the laboratory. The cylindrical rock, called a core, can be cut from the reservoir during a separate core drilling operation or a formation outcrop. A core flooding apparatus suitable for matrix acidizing was designed and assembled. Matrix acidizing is a stimulation technique in which hydrochloric acid (HCl) is injected down the wellbore below formation fracture pressure to dissolve carbonate (CaCO3) rock creating high permeability streaks called wormholes. The main components of the apparatus include a continuous flow syringe pump, three core holders, a hydraulic hand pump, two accumulators, a back pressure regulator, and two pressure transducers connected through a series of tubing and valves. Due to the corrosive nature of the acid, the apparatus features Hastelloy which is a corrosion resistant metal alloy. Another substantial feature of the apparatus is the ability to apply 3000psi back pressure. This is the pressure necessary to keep CO2, a product of the CaCO3 and HCl reaction, in solution at elevated temperatures. To perform experiments at temperature, the core holder is wrapped with heating tape and surrounded by insulation. Tubing is wrapped around a heating band with insulation to heat the fluid before it enters the core. A LabVIEW graphical programming code was written to control heaters as well as record temperature and pressure drop across the core. Other considerations for the design include minimizing footprint, operational ease by the user, vertical placement of the accumulators and core holders to minimize gravity effects, and air release valves. Core floods can be performed at varying injection rates, temperatures and pressures up to 5000psi and 250 degF. The apparatus can handle small core plugs, 1’’ diameter X 1’’ length, up to 4’’ X 20’’ cores. The equipment description includes the purpose, relevant features, and connections to the system for each component. Finally documented is the procedure to run a core flooding test to determine permeability and inject acid complete with an analysis of pressure response data.

Grabski, Elizabeth 1985-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Q&As on the National Institute of Standards and Technology ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... such as roofing, cladding and utility systems. ... modernize the flood insurance rate maps adequately ... to develop and apply Database Assisted Design ...

2010-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

123

Improved Efficiency of Miscible CO2 Floods and Enhanced Prospects for CO2 Flooding Heterogeneous Reservoirs  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this project is to improve the efficiency of miscible CO2 floods and enhance the prospects for flooding heterogeneous reservoirs. This report provides results of the second year of the three-year project that will be exploring three principles: (1) Fluid and matrix interactions (understanding the problems). (2) Conformance control/sweep efficiency (solving the problems. 3) Reservoir simulation for improved oil recovery (predicting results).

Grigg, Reid B.; Schechter, David S.

1999-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

124

Graduate Health Insurance Selection/Reporting Information and Directions Please read this information carefully  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Massachusetts. It is your responsibility to carefully evaluate your insurance plan for adequacy before reportingGraduate Health Insurance Selection/Reporting Information and Directions Please read Insurance Plan (QSHIP) or to report your comparable health insurance coverage. All full time and ¾ time

Snider, Barry B.

125

Weather Derivatives and Weather Insurance: Concept, Application, and Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The concept and applications of weather derivatives and weather insurance are introduced. Proper analysis of these financial instruments requires both statistical knowledge and thorough understanding of the physical weather and climate process. A ...

Lixin Zeng

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Insured Lightning-Caused Property Damage in Three Western States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Insurance claims resulting from lightning damage in Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming were analyzed during the period from 1987 to 1993. Most claims were from personal accounts, while some were commercial.

Ronald L. Holle; Raúl E. López; Lowell J. Arnold; John Endres

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Estimating Welfare In Insurance Markets Using Variation in Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide a graphical illustration of how standard consumer and producer theory can be used to quantify the welfare loss associated with inefficient pricing in insurance markets with selection. We then show how this welfare ...

Finkelstein, Amy

128

Climate Change Impact on Rice Insurance Payouts in Japan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors constructed the framework for a preliminary assessment of climate change impact on the rice insurance payout in Japan. The framework consisted of various models ranging from climate projection downscaling, rice yield estimation, yield ...

Toshichika Iizumi; Masayuki Yokozawa; Yousay Hayashi; Fujio Kimura

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Energy-Efficiency Options for Insurance Loss Prevention  

SciTech Connect

Energy-efficiency improvements offer the insurance industry two areas of opportunity: reducing ordinary claims and avoiding greenhouse gas emissions that could precipitate natural disaster losses resulting from global climate change. We present three vehicles for taking advantage of this opportunity, including research and development, in- house energy management, and provision of key information to insurance customers and risk managers. The complementary role for renewable energy systems is also introduced.

Mills, E. [Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Environmental Energy Technologies Div.; Knoepfel, I. [Swiss Reinsurance Co., Zurich (Switzerland)

1997-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

130

Face Amount of Life Insurance Coverage by Program by State | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Face Amount of Life Insurance Coverage by Program by State Face Amount of Life Insurance Coverage by Program by State Consumer Data Apps Challenges Resources About Blogs Let's Talk Feedback Consumer You are here Data.gov » Communities » Consumer » Data Face Amount of Life Insurance Coverage by Program by State Dataset Summary Description Face value of insurance for each administered life insurance program listed by state. Data is current as of 04/30/12. All programs are closed to new issues except for Service-Disabled Veterans' Insurance and Veterans' Mortgage Life Insurance. United States Government Life Insurance was issued to WWI military personnel and Veterans. National Service Life Insurance was established to meet the needs of WWII military personnel and Veterans. Veterans' Special Life Insurance was issued to Korean War-era Veterans. Veterans' Reopened Insurance provides coverage to certain classes of disabled Veterans from WWII and the Korean conflict who had dropped their government life insurance coverage. Service-Disabled Veterans' Insurance was established in 1951 and is available to Veterans with service-connected disabilities. Veterans' Mortgage Life Insurance was established in 1971 to provide mortgage protection life insurance to severely disabled Veterans who have received grants for the purchase of specially adapted housing.

131

A New Generation Chemical Flooding Simulator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NEW GENERATION CHEMICAL FLOODING SIMULATOR NEW GENERATION CHEMICAL FLOODING SIMULATOR Final Report for the Period Sept. 2001 - Aug. 2004 Semi-Annual Report for the Period April1, 2004 - August 30, 2004 by Gary A. Pope, Kamy Sepehrnoori, and Mojdeh Delshad January 2005 Work Performed under Contract No. DE-FC-26-00BC15314 Sue Mehlhoff, Project Manager U.S. Dept of Energy National Petroleum Technology Office One West Third Street, Suite 1400 Tulsa, OK 74103-3159 Prepared by Center for Petroleum and Geosystems Engineering The University of Texas at Austin Austin, TX 78712 ii DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal

132

Federal Flood Assessment Conference Recommendations and Proceedings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Beginning in late July and continuing through mid September 2006 the Paso del Norte region, consisting of El Paso City and County, Texas, southern New Mexico and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, experienced a number of record high precipitation events and severe localized and widespread flooding. According to the National Weather service, the July 31 to August 4 rains alone were more like a 100-150 year recurring event over the areas hardest hit. These floods that continued over a period of more than a month caused extensive and costly damage to infrastructure, homes, businesses and other property to the extent the region was declared a Federal Disaster Area. In this bi-national, three state region many different Federal agencies and other organizations have jurisdiction or roles in forecasting climate and river flows, monitoring hydrology, water management operations, flood control design and construction, security, infrastructure, communication and disaster assistance. Congressman Silvestre Reyes convened this Federal Flood Assessment Conference to tap into the recent experiences regarding levels of coordination between federal agencies during this month's flood control operations in the Hatch/Las Cruces area of southern New Mexico and the El Paso/Juarez area of West Texas. This meeting between the federal water management agencies was foreseen as timely and important for reviewing the effects of the storm and to offer recommendations for needed changes and improvements. Valuable information was shared at the conference that will greatly assist in assessing the flood events, improving management and coordination among federal agencies and mitigating future impacts. Insight gained from the conference and the follow up summary reports contained in the proceedings will also help lay the groundwork for future planning and coordination with state and local agencies, irrigation districts and other organizations. One of Congressman Reyes’ desired outcomes from the conference is a proceedings report containing summaries of each organization’s observations, responses and recommendations regarding the area’s flood events. This conference proceedings and recommendation report contains a summary of priority agency and organization recommendations, conference agenda, list of participants, individual agency follow up reports identifying the agency responsibilities, flood event impacts from the agency perspective, agency actions, lessons learned, communication successes, full list of agency priority recommendations, identification of planned incident reports and agency contact information. Infrastructure funding, improved communication, river and levee maintenance, and the need for additional weather and gauging stations, telemetry and coordinated or centralized access to real-time monitoring data are among the highest priority recommendations. A summary of common priority recommendations follows this section. A more complete list of agency and organization priority recommendations is provided following the individual agency reports. The report also includes agency conference Power Point presentations and as additional background, maps showing gauging station locations and monitoring organizations.

Reyes, Silvestre; Brock, Peter; Michelsen, Ari

2006-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

133

Private Medical Insurance for full-time Non-EEA Students. All non-EEA students are required to have private medical insurance when coming to and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Private Medical Insurance for full-time Non-EEA Students. All non-EEA students are required to have private medical insurance when coming to and residing in Ireland for the purpose of study. The private medical insurance should provide cover for accident and/or disease and should cover the student for any

134

Changes in Flood Management along the Pajaro River: A Transition to Watershed Management Approaches and Lessons from the Water Framework Directive and Flood Directive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2000).  Water Framework Directive.  E.  Parliment, Official 2007).  Flood Risk Directive.  E.  Parliment, Official the Water Framework Directive and Flood Directive Stacie

Jagger, Stacie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

North Burbank Unit commercial scale polymer flood project--Osage County, Oklahoma  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The North Burbank Unit commercial scale polymer flood project began in September, 1980, with the injection of fresh water preflush within a 1440 acre polymer flood project area. Since that time polymer solution at 500 ppm concentration, interrupted by aluminum citrate, and polymer solutions of 250 and 50 ppm concentration have been injected. The total polymer to be injected is 4,001,000 pounds of a liquid emulsion polyacrylamide. This paper deals with operational problems encountered during the project and the response of the project wells to polymer injection. The discussion of operational problems includes shear degradation of the polymer solution, disposal of produced brine, biocide effectiveness, and near wellbore treatments to adjust injection rates into individual injection wells. The response of the project producing wells includes fresh water breakthrough, polymer production, and oil production response to polymer flooding. The discussion of the response of the project injection wells includes injection rate and wellhead pressure histories, and analysis of pressure falloff tests before and during polymer injection. The project area has responded positively to polymer injection with the production rate from the project area currently averaging 951 barrels of oil per day compared with a pre-project rate of 510 BOPD. The producing water-oil ratio has correspondingly declined from a pre-project water-oil ratio of over 100 to a current ratio of less than 50. The interior pattern wells have shown the best response to polymer flooding with the wells on the outside of the project area showing very little response to polymer injection.

Moffitt, P.D.; Mitchel, J.F.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

California climate change, hydrologic response, and flood forecasting  

SciTech Connect

There is strong evidence that the lower atmosphere has been warming at an unprecedented rate during the last 50 years, and it is expected to further increase at least for the next 100 years. Warmer air mass implies a higher capacity to hold water vapor and an increased likelihood of an acceleration of the global water cycle. This acceleration is not validated and considerable new research has gone into understanding aspects of the water cycle (e.g. Miller et al. 2003). Several significant findings on the hydrologic response to climate change can be reported. It is well understood that the observed and expected warming is related to sea level rise. In a recent seminar at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, James Hansen (Director of the Institute for Space Studies, National Aeronautics and Space Administration) stressed that a 1.25 Wm{sup -2} increase in radiative forcing will lead to an increase in the near surface air temperature by 1 C. This small increase in temperature from 2000 levels is enough to cause very significant impacts to coasts. Maury Roos (Chief Hydrologist, California Department of Water Resources) has shown that a 0.3 m rise in sea level shifts the San Francisco Bay 100-year storm surge flood event to a 10-year event. Related coastal protection costs for California based on sea level rise are shown. In addition to rising sea level, snowmelt-related streamflow represents a particular problem in California. Model studies have indicated that there will be approximately a 50% decrease in snow pack by 2100. This potential deficit must be fully recognized and plans need to be put in place well in advance. In addition, the warmer atmosphere can hold more water vapor and result in more intense warm winter-time precipitation events that result in flooding. During anticipated high flow, reservoirs need to release water to maintain their structural integrity. California is at risk of water shortages, floods, and related ecosystem stresses. More research needs to be done to further improve our ability to forecast weather events at longer time scales. Seasonal predictions have been statistical and only recently have studies begun to use ensemble simulations and historical observations to constrain such predictions. Understanding the mechanisms of large-scale atmospheric dynamics and its local impacts remain topics of intensive research. The ability to predict extreme events and provide policy makers with this information, along with climate change and hydrologic response information, will help to guide planning to form a more resilient infrastructure in the future.

Miller, Norman L.

2003-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

137

In-State Contract Vehicle Rental Rates (State Motor Pool Rental Contract for Business Travel)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with a full tank of gas. · Receipts are required to be reimbursed. · Students shall not be authorized to drive/Damage Waiver & 1M Liability Coverage Insurance. · Weekly rates are calculated at 5.5 times the Daily rate. · Monthly rates will be calculated at 20 times the Daily rate. · ½ day rates of 4 hours or less

Harms, Kyle E.

138

In-State Contract Vehicle Rental Rates (State Motor Pool Rental Contract for Business Travel)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with a full tank of gas. · Itemized receipts are required to be reimbursed. · Non-employee students/Damage Waiver & 1M Liability Coverage Insurance. · Weekly rates are calculated at 5.5 times the Daily rate. · Monthly rates will be calculated at 20 times the Daily rate. · ½ day rates of 4 hours or less

Harms, Kyle E.

139

DOE specification: Flooded-type lead-acid storage batteries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document contains a ``fill-in-the-blanks`` guide specification for procurement of flooded-type lead-acid storage batteries, for uninterruptible power supply applications.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Ecology of Sulfur Cycling in Flooded Strip Mines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Habitat restoration efforts in reclaimed coal mining areas have included the flooding of shallow strip mines, creating patches of wetland with special chemical characteristics, like… (more)

Wham, Breanna Michelle

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood insurance rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Historical record of data on flood control  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Last year (1948) during the flood period the flow at Grand Coulee fluctuated widely. 2 PM, June 8, 543000 c.f.s.; 4 AM, June 9, 568000 c.f s.; 2 PM, June 9, 543000 c.f.s.; 2 AM, June 10, 573000 c.f.s. A total instantaneous fluctuations of 37,500 c.f.s. was reported. Now there is installed a new control. This control can keep downstream variation within 500 c.f.s. By lowering the lake level prior to the crest period, the drum gates could be used as flood control (1948 high water basis) the drum gate control plus the water turbine discharge (if the lake level had been reduced) could have dropped the crest at Richland three feet. a. Drop in crest at Richland one foot: Electrical loss nominal, b. Drop in crest at Richland two feet: Electrical loss 1 megawatt/foot for six generators. Loss Max possible 13,310 KW each generator, 79,860 KW total (7 days). Capacity 1,170,000 KW Max Loss 6.8% for 7 days to 10 days. c. Drop in crest at Richland three feet: Electrical loss 1 megawatt/foot for 6 generators Max possible 30,100 KW each generator 180,600 KW total 8 days. Capacity 1,170,000 KW Maximum loss 15.4% for 8 to 12 days. Actual loss, we believe is much less: For an eleven foot drop actual capacity dropped from 1,170,000 KW to 1,137,000 KW during the present winter. Contacts were re-established with Grand Coulee Control Engineers with whom we had dealt in the 1948 flood. We indicated to Grand Coulee Management, Mr. Bates, Mr. Newberry, etc., that careless control and lack of cooperation between Coulee and Hanford could be harmful and at times disastrous.

Kramer, H.A.

1959-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

142

Jobs Day and Nuclear Risk Insurance Announcement | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Jobs Day and Nuclear Risk Insurance Announcement Jobs Day and Nuclear Risk Insurance Announcement Jobs Day and Nuclear Risk Insurance Announcement August 4, 2006 - 8:41am Addthis Prepared Remarks for Energy Secretary Bodman Thank you all for being here and thanks, Mike, for that very nice introduction and for the tour of your transmission control center. I also want to thank Southern Company and Georgia Power for arranging this event and I appreciate Lauren Walker from Governor Perdue's office and Derick Corbett from Congressman Linder's office joining us here today. During my tour I got a firsthand look at the fine job your operators are doing to keep the power flowing to some 2 million customers around the state of Georgia . . . despite the heat wave that has gripped your region and so much of the rest of the country-Washington included. You and the

143

Jobs Day and Nuclear Risk Insurance Announcement | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Jobs Day and Nuclear Risk Insurance Announcement Jobs Day and Nuclear Risk Insurance Announcement Jobs Day and Nuclear Risk Insurance Announcement August 4, 2006 - 8:41am Addthis Prepared Remarks for Energy Secretary Bodman Thank you all for being here and thanks, Mike, for that very nice introduction and for the tour of your transmission control center. I also want to thank Southern Company and Georgia Power for arranging this event and I appreciate Lauren Walker from Governor Perdue's office and Derick Corbett from Congressman Linder's office joining us here today. During my tour I got a firsthand look at the fine job your operators are doing to keep the power flowing to some 2 million customers around the state of Georgia . . . despite the heat wave that has gripped your region and so much of the rest of the country-Washington included. You and the

144

Flood Forecasting in River System Using ANFIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of the present study is to investigate applicability of artificial intelligence techniques such as ANFIS (Adaptive Neuro?Fuzzy Inference System) in forecasting flood flow in a river system. The proposed technique combines the learning ability of neural network with the transparent linguistic representation of fuzzy system. The technique is applied to forecast discharge at a downstream station using flow information at various upstream stations. A total of three years data has been selected for the implementation of this model. ANFIS models with various input structures and membership functions are constructed

Nazrin Ullah; P. Choudhury

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Space–Time Variability of Rainfall and Extreme Flood Response in the Menomonee River Basin, Wisconsin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hydrometeorological processes that control flash flooding are examined through analyses of space–time rainfall variability and flood response in the Milwaukee metropolitan region. The analyses focus on four flood events in the Menomonee River ...

Yu Zhang; James A. Smith

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Dynamical Structure of Extreme Floods in the U.S. Midwest and the United Kingdom  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Twenty extreme spring floods that occurred in the Ohio basin between 1901 and 2008, identified from daily river discharge data, are investigated and compared to the April 2011 Ohio River flood event. Composites of synoptic fields for the flood ...

Jennifer Nakamura; Upmanu Lall; Yochanan Kushnir; Andrew W. Robertson; Richard Seager

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Mixture Distributions and the Hydroclimatology of Extreme Rainfall and Flooding in the Eastern United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flooding in the eastern United States reflects a mixture of flood-generating mechanisms, with landfalling tropical cyclones and extratropical systems playing central roles. The authors examine the climatology of heavy rainfall and flood ...

James A. Smith; Gabriele Villarini; Mary Lynn Baeck

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Flood Risk, Uncertainty, and Scientific Information for Decision Making: Lessons from an Interdisciplinary Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The magnitude of flood damage in the United States, combined with the uncertainty in current estimates of flood risk, suggest that society could benefit from improved scientific information about flood risk. To help address this perceived need, a ...

Rebecca E. Morss; Olga V. Wilhelmi; Mary W. Downton; Eve Gruntfest

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Effects of Recent Weather Extremes on the Insurance Industry: Major Implications for the Atmospheric Sciences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Frequent and extremely damaging severe weather conditions in the United States during 1991–94 caused $40 billion in insured losses, creating major impacts and eliciting diverse responses in the weather insurance industry. Population, one reason ...

Stanley A. Changnon; David Changnon; E. Ray Fosse; Donald C. Hoganson; Richard J. Roth Sr.; James M. Totsch

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Applicability of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) in Index-Based Crop Insurance Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Index insurance is becoming increasingly popular because of its ability to provide low-cost, relatively easy to implement agricultural insurance for vegetation types whose productivity has been notoriously difficult to measure and to farmers in ...

Calum G. Turvey; Megan K. Mclaurin

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Why Do Inner City Residents Pay Higher Premiums? The Determinants of Automobile Insurance Premiums  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

insurance companies for each zip code in the city of Lossame demographic profile for every zip code: a 25-year old,insurance premium for each zip code is the average of quotes

Ong, Paul M.; Stoll, Michael A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

A study of the currency management for foreign investments of Korean insurance companies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Korean insurance industry has rapidly grown over the past decade, and at the same time the asset size of Korean insurance companies increases very fast. So the effective and scientific asset management becomes very ...

Choi, Sung-Jin, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Weather-Index Drought Insurance in Burkina-Faso: Assessment of Its Potential Interest to Farmers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By using a detailed agricultural and climate dataset over Burkina-Faso and simple assumptions regarding the form of an insurance contract, the authors investigate the potential economic efficiency for farmers of a weather-index insurance system ...

Alexis Berg; Philippe Quirion; Benjamin Sultan

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

DOE Releases Filing Instructions for Federal Risk Insurance for New Nuclear Power Plants  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Outlines Five Steps for New Nuclear Plant Sponsors to Enter Into a Conditional Agreement for Risk Insurance

155

Counteract SYN flooding using second chance packet filtering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One barrier that hinders wired and wireless LAN, is the security problems caused by ubiquitous attackers. From the 4-layer protocol stack architecture in the Internet, the TCP layer seems to be vulnerable to flooding attacks, like the notorious Distributed ... Keywords: DDoS, SYN flooding, second chance packet filter, security, wireless LAN

Chu-Hsing Lin; Fuu-Cheng Jiang; Wei-Shen Lai; Wei-Yuah Lee; Wei-Cheng Hsu

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Were the 2010 Pakistan floods predictable? P. J. Webster,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Were the 2010 Pakistan floods predictable? P. J. Webster,1 V. E. Toma,1 and H.M. Kim1 Received 30 July 2010, a series of monsoonal deluges over northern Pakistan resulted in catastrophic flooding, loss, especially in North Pakistan was exceptionally rare as deduced from limited data. The location of the deluges

Webster, Peter J.

157

Development of a tracer test in a flooded uranium mine using Lycopodium clavatum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT: The polymetallic Niederschlema/Alberoda uranium deposit in the Saxonian Erzgebirge (Ore Mountains) has been flooded since 1991. The objectives of the tests were to investigate the quality and rate of flow within a large part of the flooded mine to predict the mass flow of the pollutants. Based on the results of a first tracer test with Lycopodium clavatum in mid 1992 a second one was conducted at the end of 1995. Four insertion and two sampling points were chosen and at each sampling point up to 800 g of coloured spores were inserted by using a newly developed insertion apparatus: LydiA (Lycopodium Apparatus). Beginning one day after insertion, at each sampling point two samples per weekday were taken. Out of the 15 samples an aliquot amount of material was counted and resulted in a reasonable good recovery rate of 2 %. It could be shown, that the mean speed of the mine water within the investigated part of the mine ranges between 3 and 8 m min-1 and that the different parts of the mine are hydraulically well connected with each other. Therefore it may be that the pollutants within the flooded mine are transported by convective flow resulting in an exchange from deeper parts of the mine into higher ones. 1

Christian Wolkersdorfer; Irena Trebušak; Nicole Feldtner

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Union soluble oil flood in El Dorado cores  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results are presented of laboratory experiments using Union's soluble oil flood process in El Dorado cores. The core flood is to provide complete information on fluid compositions and phase behavior of the effluents such that adequate core flood match using the chemical flood simulator can be made. This step is essential for evaluating reservoir performance on the South Pattern of the El Dorado Micellar-Polymer Project. The results show the caustic preflush in the flood process causes face plugging of the field cores. The problem was controlled by using chelating agents along with the caustic fluid to keep divalent cations in solution. The required amount of chelating agent was determined to be ca 25 times as strong as the original design for the field test. Liquid chromatography analysis of sulfonate provides valuable information on selective fractionation of monosulfonate in the micellar fluid. 10 references.

Chiou, C.S.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Experimental investigation of the effect of increasing the temperature on ASP flooding.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Chemical EOR processes such as polymer flooding and surfactant polymer flooding must be designed and implemented in an economically attractive manner to be perceived as… (more)

Walker, Dustin Luke

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Energy efficiency and renewable energy options for riskmanagement and insurance loss reduction: An inventory oftechnologies, research capabilities, and research facilities at theU. S. Department of Energy's National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

The promotion of technologies and services for insurance loss reduction and loss prevention is as old as the fields of insurance and risk management. This report addresses a new category of risk management opportunity involving technologies and procedures that use energy more efficiently or supply renewable energy. While the economic benefits of these measures are of interest to energy consumers seeking to reduce their energy expenditures, we have found that they also offer a novel and largely untapped pathway for achieving traditional risk management objectives. Most of the technologies described in this report were supported by government- sponsored RD D programs over many years of effort. These technologies have many benefits, including insurance loss reduction and prevention. The insurance and risk management communities could take advantage of these technologies, either independently or in cost-sharing partnerships with existing R D programs. In this report, we present a compilation of energy-efficiency and renewable energy projects (e.g., energy-efficient halogen torchiere replacements) and techniques (e.g., infrared cameras to detect fire hazards) that are currently being investigated at the U.S. Department of Energy's national laboratories and which the insurance and risk management communities could encourage their customers to use to address their short-term and long-term needs. Once the loss-prevention benefits of these technologies and techniques (many of which are not yet available in the marketplace) are sufficiently demonstrated, insurers can promote their use through informational programs and perhaps financial incentives (e.g., risk-adjusted insurance premium schemes) through the insurance regulatory and rate-making processes. We identified 78 technologies and techniques being investigated by nine national laboratories which can help to reduce insurance losses and manage risks, especially those associated with power failures, fire and wind damage, and home or workplace indoor air quality hazards. All help to reduce insurance losses in one or more of the following categories: boiler and machinery, builder's risk, business interruption, commercial property insurance, completed operations liability, comprehensive general liability, contractors liability, environmental liability, product liability, professional liability, service interruption, workers' compensation, health/life insurance, and homeowners insurance. We identify examples of existing collaborations between the national laboratories and the insurance industry, and indicate research activities being conducted by the insurance and risk management communities that would benefit from the work of the national laboratories. We also describe some of the risk factors associated with energy-efficient and renewable energy technologies. For the future, significant progress could be made through interdisciplinary collaborative applied research (i.e., integrating the actuarial sciences with the physical or engineering sciences). This collaboration could be sponsored jointly by the U.S. Department of Energy and the insurance and risk management communities (as well as working through the insurance regulatory and rate-making processes).

Chen, Allan; Mills, Evan; Vine, Edward.

1998-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood insurance rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Energy efficiency and renewable energy options for riskmanagement and insurance loss reduction: An inventory oftechnologies, research capabilities, and research facilities at theU.S. Department of Energy's National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

The promotion of technologies and services for insurance loss reduction and loss prevention is as old as the fields of insurance and risk management. This report addresses a new category of risk management opportunity involving technologies and procedures that use energy more efficiently or supply renewable energy. While the economic benefits of these measures are of interest to energy consumers seeking to reduce their energy expenditures, we have found that they also offer a novel and largely untapped pathway for achieving traditional risk management objectives. Most of the technologies described in this report were supported by government- sponsored RD&D programs over many years of effort. These technologies have many benefits, including insurance loss reduction and prevention. The insurance and risk management communities could take advantage of these technologies, either independently or in cost-sharing partnerships with existing R&D programs. In this report, we present a compilation of energy-efficiency and renewable energy projects (e.g., energy-efficient halogen torchiere replacements) and techniques (e.g., infrared cameras to detect fire hazards) that are currently being investigated at the U.S. Department of Energy's national laboratories and which the insurance and risk management communities could encourage their customers to use to address their short-term and long-term needs. Once the loss-prevention benefits of these technologies and techniques (many of which are not yet available in the marketplace) are sufficiently demonstrated, insurers can promote their use through informational programs and perhaps financial incentives (e.g., risk-adjusted insurance premium schemes) through the insurance regulatory and rate-making processes. We identified 78 technologies and techniques being investigated by nine national laboratories which can help to reduce insurance losses and manage risks, especially those associated with power failures, fire and wind damage, and home or workplace indoor air quality hazards. All help to reduce insurance losses in one or more of the following categories: boiler and machinery, builder's risk, business interruption, commercial property insurance, completed operations liability, comprehensive general liability, contractors liability, environmental liability, product liability, professional liability, service interruption, workers' compensation, health/life insurance, and homeowners insurance. We identify examples of existing collaborations between the national laboratories and the insurance industry, and indicate research activities being conducted by the insurance and risk management communities that would benefit from the work of the national laboratories. We also describe some of the risk factors associated with energy-efficient and renewable energy technologies. For the future, significant progress could be made through interdisciplinary collaborative applied research (i.e., integrating the actuarial sciences with the "physical" or "engineering" sciences). This collaboration could be sponsored jointly by the U.S. Department of Energy and the insurance and risk management communities (as well as working through the insurance regulatory and rate-making processes).

Chen, Allan; Mills, Evan; Vine, Edward

1998-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

162

A Novel Cyber-Insurance for Internet Security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Internet users such as individuals and organizations are subject to different types of epidemic risks such as worms, viruses, and botnets. To reduce the probability of risk, an Internet user generally invests in self-defense mechanisms like antivirus and antispam software. However, such software does not completely eliminate risk. Recent works have considered the problem of residual risk elimination by proposing the idea of cyber-insurance. In reality, an Internet user faces risks due to security attacks as well as risks due to non-security related failures (e.g., reliability faults in the form of hardware crash, buffer overflow, etc.) . These risk types are often indistinguishable by a naive user. However, a cyber-insurance agency would most likely insure risks only due to security attacks. In this case, it becomes a challenge for an Internet user to choose the right type of cyber-insurance contract as standard optimal contracts, i.e., contracts under security attacks only, might prove to be sub-optimal for ...

Pal, Ranjan; Psounis, Konstantinos

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

The Progressive Insurance Automotive X PRIZE Education Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Progressive Insurance Automotive X PRIZE Education Program conducted education and outreach activities and used the competition's technical goals and vehicle demonstrations as a means of attracting students and the public to learn more about advanced vehicle technologies, energy efficiency, climate change, alternative fuels, and the science and math behind efficient vehicle development. The Progressive Insurance Automotive X PRIZE Education Program comprised three integrated components that were designed to educate the general public and create a multi-tiered initiative to engage students and showcase the 21st century skills students will need to compete in our global economy: teamwork, creativity, strong literacy, math and science skills, and innovative thinking. The elements included an Online Experience, a National Student Contest, and in person education events and activites. The project leveraged online connections, strategic partnerships, in-classroom, and beyond-the-classroom initiatives, as well as mainstream media. This education program supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) also funded the specification of vehicle telemetry and the full development and operation of an interactive online experience that allowed internet users to follow the Progressive Insurance Automotive X PRIZE vehicles as they performed in real-time during the Progressive Insurance Automotive X PRIZE competition events.

Robyn Ready

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

164

The Demand for Homeowners Insurance with Bundled Catastrophe Coverages *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we estimate demand for homeowner insurance in Florida. Since we are interested in a number of factors influencing demand, we approach the problem from two directions. Using 3SLS estimation, we first estimate two hedonic equations representing the price mark-up and the level of premiums per contract. We are interested in how the contracts are bundled and how the various terms influence the price mark-up and the overall level of premiums. Second, we estimate the demand for homeowners insurance using the ISO's indicated loss cost as our proxy forreal insurance services demanded. We assume that the demand for coverage is essentially a joint demand and thus we can estimate the demand for cat cover separately from the demand for non-cat cover. Two notable results are that cat coverage is more price sensitive than non-cat coverage and that cat coverage is an inferior good. This research is supported by the Wharton Project on Managing Catastrophic Risks. This paper will contribute to a report that will be jointly written and published by the Insurance Services Office (ISO) and the authors. We gratefully acknowledge the assistance of ISO in providing much of the data used in this analysis and of the companies who have allowed their exposure data to be used for this research project. The efforts of Michael Murray of ISO deserve particular recognition. James Ament, Howard Kunreuther, Neil Doherty, Michael Murray and Steven Nivin provided helpful comments on an earlier draft. This paper is still preliminary and many revisions still remain to be made. The Demand for Catastrophe Insurance with Bundled Catastrophic Coverages

Martin F. Grace; Robert W. Klein; Paul R. Kleindorfer

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

How solvent vapors can improve steam floods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermal recovery methods depend for their success on the viscosity reduction of heavy crude oils at high temperatures. The viscosity of a heavy oil can also be reduced if it is diluted with a low-viscosity solvent, such as one of the lighter hydrocarbons. It is not surprising that there has been considerable interest in combining the two methods. The process of injecting vaporized solvent with the steam for a gravity drainage type recovery is described here along with a description of the particular phase behavior of steam/solvent mixtures which is beneficial to the process. And computer simulations which compare steam-only and steam/solvent floods under Athabasca-type conditions are overviewed.

Vogel, J. [Vogel, (Jack), Seabrook, TX (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Flood Fighting Research Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fighting Research Facility Fighting Research Facility Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name Flood Fighting Research Facility Overseeing Organization United States Army Corp of Engineers (ERDC) Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Wave Basin Length(m) 45.7 Beam(m) 30.5 Depth(m) 1.2 Water Type Freshwater Cost(per day) Contact POC Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities None Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities Yes Maximum Wave Height(m) 0.0 Wave Period Range(s) 0.0 Current Velocity Range(m/s) 0.0 Programmable Wavemaking No Simulated Beach No Channel/Tunnel/Flume Channel/Tunnel/Flume None Wind Capabilities Wind Capabilities None Control and Data Acquisition Description Automated data acquisition and control system Cameras Yes Number of Color Cameras 1

167

Scale-up of miscible flood processes  

SciTech Connect

Results of a wide-ranging investigation of the scaling of the physical mechanisms of miscible floods are reported. Advanced techniques for analysis of crude oils are considered in Chapter 2. Application of supercritical fluid chromatography is demonstrated for characterization of crude oils for equation-of-state calculations of phase equilibrium. Results of measurements of crude oil and phase compositions by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry are also reported. The theory of development of miscibility is considered in detail in Chapter 3. The theory is extended to four components, and sample solutions for a variety of gas injection systems are presented. The analytical theory shows that miscibility can develop even though standard tie-line extension criteria developed for ternary systems are not satisfied. In addition, the theory includes the first analytical solutions for condensing/vaporizing gas drives. In Chapter 4, methods for simulation of viscous fingering are considered. The scaling of the growth of transition zones in linear viscous fingering is considered. In addition, extension of the models developed previously to three dimensions is described, as is the inclusion of effects of equilibrium phase behavior. In Chapter 5, the combined effects of capillary and gravity-driven crossflow are considered. The experimental results presented show that very high recovery can be achieved by gravity segregation when interfacial tensions are moderately low. We argue that such crossflow mechanisms are important in multicontact miscible floods in heterogeneous reservoirs. In addition, results of flow visualization experiments are presented that illustrate the interplay of crossflow driven by gravity with that driven by viscous forces.

Orr, F.M. Jr.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Multiple slug scaling of linear and pattern laboratory chemical floods  

SciTech Connect

Linear floods were conducted in a synthetic water-wet matrix. The multiple slug scaling approach used oil saturation distributions measured by microwave attenuation in one laboratory flood to predict accurately the tertiary residual oil saturation and tertiary oil breakthrough in another laboratory linear flood run with larger slug sizes. Oil saturation distributions at 0.11 V/V/sub p/ intervals during the flood, as well as at S/sub orc/, were also accurately predicted. A laboratory quarter five-spot pattern flood involving sequential injection of a small surfactant slug, a small polymer slug, and continuous drive water was run in a water-wet synthetic matrix. Linear flood oil saturation distributions were scaled to predict the oil saturation distributions in the pattern using a fixed twelve streamtube model for the flow. Details of this scaling procedure are given. Residual tertiary oil saturation, tertiary recovery, and oil saturation changes with time were predicted to within the experimental errors involved in the procedures. The observed tertiary oil breakthrough was later than predicted. Observed oil saturation distributions tended to show more oil left in the corners of the model than predicted by the scaling theory. These secondary effects and the overall behavior of the pattern flood are considered in terms of the chosen streamtube network and the assumptions of stable unit mobility flow. (JMT)

Haskin, H.K.; Davis, L.A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Flood Plain and Floodway Management Act (Montana) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Flood Plain and Floodway Management Act (Montana) Flood Plain and Floodway Management Act (Montana) Flood Plain and Floodway Management Act (Montana) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Montana Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation

170

Quality assurance flood source and method of making  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a is an improved flood source, and method of making the same, which emits an evenly distributed flow of energy from a gamma emitting radionuclide dispersed throughout the volume of the flood source. The flood source is formed by filling a bottom pan with a mix of epoxy resin with cobalt-57, preferably at 10 to 20 millicuries and then adding a hardener. The pan is secured to a flat, level surface to prevent the pan from warping and to act as a heat sink for removal of heat from the pan during the curing of the resin-hardener mixture.

Fisher, Darrell R [Richland, WA; Alexander, David L [West Richland, WA; Satz, Stanley [Surfside, FL

2002-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

171

Managing the Costs of Informational Privacy: Pure Bundling as a Strategy in the Individual Health Insurance Market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advances in genetic testing and data mining technologies have increased the availability of genetic information to insurance companies and insureds (applicants and policy holders) in the individual health insurance market (IHIM). Regulators, concerned ... Keywords: Bundling Information Privacy Insurance Markets Insurey Words And Phrases Ance Policy Privacy Privacy Cost

Matt E. Thatcher; Eric K. Clemons

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Assessment of GPU computational enhancement to a 2D flood model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a study of the computational enhancement of a Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) enabled 2D flood model. The objectives are to demonstrate the significant speedup of a new GPU-enabled full dynamic wave flood model and to present the effect ... Keywords: 2D flood model, CUDA, Flood simulation, GPU programming

Alfred J. Kalyanapu; Siddharth Shankar; Eric R. Pardyjak; David R. Judi; Steven J. Burian

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

A fuzzy clustering iterative model using chaotic differential evolution algorithm for evaluating flood disaster  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flood disaster is a kind of frequent natural hazards. The objective of flood disaster evaluation is to establish hazard assessment model for managing flood and preventing disaster. Base on the chaotic optimization theory, this paper proposes a chaotic ... Keywords: Chaotic map, Differential evolution algorithm, Evolutionary computation, Flood disaster evaluation, Fuzzy clustering

Yaoyao He; Jianzhong Zhou; Pangao Kou; Ning Lu; Qiang Zou

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Solar technology and the insurance industry: Issues and applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Today's insurance industry strongly emphasizes developing cost-effective hazard mitigation programs, increasing and retaining commercial and residential customers through better service, educating customers on their exposure and vulnerabilities to natural disasters, collaborating with government agencies and emergency management organizations, and exploring the use of new technologies to reduce the financial impact of disasters. Solar technology can be used in underwriting, claims, catastrophe response, loss control, and risk management. This report will address the above issues, with an emphasis on pre-disaster planning and mitigation alternatives. It will also discuss how energy efficiency and renewable technologies can contribute to reducing insurance losses and offer suggestions on how to collaborate with the utility industry and how to develop educational programs for business and consumers.

Deering, A.; Thornton, J. P.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Climatic Aspects of the 1993 Upper Mississippi River Basin Flood  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 1993 record-breaking summer flood in the Upper Mississippi River Basin resulted from an unprecedentedly persistent heavy rain pattern. Rainfall totals for the Upper Mississippi River Basin were, by a large margin, the largest of this century ...

Kenneth E. Kunkel; Stanley A. Changnon; James R. Angel

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

The Madison County, Virginia, Flash Flood of 27 June 1995  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Between 25 and 27 June 1995, excessive rainfall and associated flash flooding across portions of western Virginia resulted in three fatalities and millions of dollars in damage. Although many convective storms occurred over this region during ...

Michael D. Pontrelli; George Bryan; J. M. Fritsch

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

A Statistical Approach to Historical Records of Flood and Drought  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Statistical methods of dichotomous variables are suggested in order to analyze the historical climatic records in ancient writings. From historical descriptive records of floods and droughts, we calculate the variability, persistence and ...

C. S. Yao

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Flood survival: Getting a hydro plant back on line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Remmel Dam and Hydro Plant of Arkansas Power and Light Company was flooded on May 20, 1990. This article describes the teamwork and innovation that went into restoring the powerhouse in a short amount of time.

Weatherford, C.W. (Entergy Services, Inc., Little Rock, AR (United States))

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

The Minneapolis Flash Flood: Meteorological Analysis and Operational Response  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The evolution of the synoptic- and meso-?-scale meteorological setting for the 23 July 1987 Minneapolis flash flood is described. Analyses of conventional upper-air data, including quasi-geostrophic processes, are employed to identify the large-...

Barry E. Schwartz; Charles F. Chappell; William E. Togstad; Xiao-Ping Zhong

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

NOAA Predicts Mixed Bag of Drought, Flooding and Warm Weather...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NOAA Predicts Mixed Bag of Drought, Flooding and Warm Weather for Spring Print E-mail NOAA 2013 Spring Outlook Map Thursday, March 21, 2013 Featured by NOAA, a member of the U.S....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood insurance rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Chilean glacial lake outburst flood impacts on dam construction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Four Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOF) occurred in the Colonia Glacier (Northern Patagonia Icefield, Chile) from April 2008 to March 2009. Lago Cachet 2 emptied four times producing a maximum excess discharge in the ...

Tauro, Flavia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Atmospheric Rivers and Flooding over the Central United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper undertakes a hydrometeorological analysis of flood events in the central United States. Vertically integrated horizontal water vapor transport over 1979–2011 is calculated in the ECMWF Interim Re-Analysis (ERA-Interim) and used in an ...

David A. Lavers; Gabriele Villarini

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Flooding in Western Washington: The Connection to Atmospheric Rivers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study utilizes multiple decades of daily streamflow data gathered in four major watersheds in western Washington to determine the meteorological conditions most likely to cause flooding in those watersheds. Two are located in the Olympic ...

Paul J. Neiman; Lawrence J. Schick; F. Martin Ralph; Mimi Hughes; Gary A. Wick

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

A Mesoscale Modeling Study of the 1996 Saguenay Flood  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mesoscale simulation of the 19–21 July 1996 Saguenay flood cyclone was performed using the Canadian Mesoscale Compressible Community (MC2) model to study the processes leading to the explosive development and the large amount of precipitation. ...

J. A. Milbrandt; M. K. Yau

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Modernization in the National Weather Service River and Flood Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrologic forecasting is vital not only to the National Weather Service mission of saying lives and protecting property but also to our nation's water management decision makers. Since its inception, the River and Flood Program has continually ...

D.L. Fread; R.C. Shedd; G.F. Smith; R. Farnsworth; C.N. Hoffeditz; L.A. Wenzel; S.M. Wiele; J.A. Smith; G.N. Day

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Protection of Coastal Infrastructure under Rising Flood Risk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 2005 hurricane season was particularly damaging to the United States, contributing to significant losses to energy infrastructure—much of it the result of flooding from storm surge during hurricanes Katrina and Rita. ...

Lickley, M.J.

187

Mine subsidence in Illinois: facts for the homeowner considering insurance  

SciTech Connect

Subsidence is the sinking of land surface, commonly resulting from underground mining. In Illinois, property damage has been sufficiently severe that a state law was enacted to provide subsidence insurance for homeowners. This publication has been prepared for homeowners in Illinois: (1) to inform them whether they live in subsidence-prone areas, (2) to aid them in understanding some frequently encountered effects of mine subsidence as well as problems sometimes mistaken for mine subsidence, and (3) to suggest further sources of information. Although the new subsidence insurance program for homeowners in mining areas prompted the writing of this report, we do not attempt to explain the details of the insurance program. Our purpose is to explain the causes and the nature of subsidence and discuss ways to minimize damage caused by subsidence. About 750,000 acres of Illinois land have been undermined for coal, and many homeowners are concerned about the effects underground mining may d at nine areas alalitative methods are presented. Chapter Five presents conclusions and suggestions for future research.

DuMontelle, P.B.; Bradford, S.C.; Bauer, R.A.; Killey, M.M.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Guidelines for Performance of Internal Flooding Probabilistic Risk Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides guidance for the performance of an Internal Flood Probabilistic Risk Assessment (IFPRA). The scope of IFPRA tasks supported by this guidance also includes the treatment of High Energy Line Breaks (HELB) which can produce floods as well as other unique challenges to Systems, Structures, and Components (SSCs) important to the prevention and mitigation of a core damage accident. The guidance includes step-by-step procedures for performing a complete IFPRA, specific examples of approache...

2009-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

189

Improved Efficiency of Miscible C02 Floods and Enhanced Prospects for C02 Flooding Heterogeneous Reservoirs  

SciTech Connect

The PRRC-modified DOE pseudomiscible reservoir simulator MASTER was used to conduct a systematic investigation of CO2 flooding using horizontal wells in conjunction with foam. We evaluated the effects of horizontal well radius, length, and location on oil recovery through our testing. This work is necessary to provide field predictions for the use of foam and/or horizontal wells. A number of coreflood tests were performed to examine the effect of foam on oil recovery in heterogeneous porous media. Two coaxial composite cores were used to simulate layered formation systems. The first, an isolated coaxial composite core, was used to simulate a layered formation system of which the layers were not in communication. The second, in capillary contact, simulated layers in communication. Preliminary results suggest that oil displacement is more efficient when surfactant solution is used with CO2 to form CO2-foam. Results from both systems indicate the potential of using foam for improving oil recovery in heterogeneous porous media. Since injectivity loss is a problem in a number of gas injection projects, a preliminary investigation of injectivity loss in WAG was performed. A number of tests were carried out to investigate injectivity loss, indicating that for a given rock the injectivity loss depends on oil saturation in the core during WAG flooding. Higher loss was found in cores with high in-situ oil saturations. No injectivity loss was observed with the naturally fractured carbonate core.

Boyun (Gordon) Guo; David S. Schechter; Jyun-Syung Tsau; Reid B. Grigg; Shih-Hsien (Eric) Chang

1997-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

190

"Insurance as a Risk Management Instrument for Energy Infrastructure  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

"Insurance as a Risk Management Instrument for Energy "Insurance as a Risk Management Instrument for Energy Infrastructure Security and Resilience" Report (March 2013) "Insurance as a Risk Management Instrument for Energy Infrastructure Security and Resilience" Report (March 2013) The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability has released a report that examines the key risks confronting critical energy infrastructure and ways in which the insurance industry can help manage these risks. In most developed countries, insurance is one of the principal risk management instruments for aiding in recovery after a disaster and for encouraging future investments that are more resilient to potential hazards. The "Insurance as a Risk Management Instrument for Energy Infrastructure Security and Resilience" report examines how the

191

DOE Issues Landmark Rule for Risk Insurance for Advanced Nuclear Facilities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Landmark Rule for Risk Insurance for Advanced Nuclear Landmark Rule for Risk Insurance for Advanced Nuclear Facilities DOE Issues Landmark Rule for Risk Insurance for Advanced Nuclear Facilities May 8, 2006 - 10:36am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) issued on Saturday, the interim final rule required by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT) for risk insurance to facilitate construction of new advanced nuclear power facilities. The rule establishes the requirements for risk insurance to cover costs associated with certain regulatory or litigation-related delays in the start-up of new nuclear power plants. The resurgence of nuclear power is a key component of President Bush's Advanced Energy Initiative. The Standby Support provisions of EPACT (section 638), also referred to as federal risk insurance, authorize the Secretary of Energy to enter into

192

"Insurance as a Risk Management Instrument for Energy Infrastructure  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

"Insurance as a Risk Management Instrument for Energy "Insurance as a Risk Management Instrument for Energy Infrastructure Security and Resilience" Report Now Available "Insurance as a Risk Management Instrument for Energy Infrastructure Security and Resilience" Report Now Available March 28, 2013 - 4:15pm Addthis The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability has released a report that examines the key risks confronting critical energy infrastructure and ways in which the insurance industry can help manage these risks. In most developed countries, insurance is one of the principal risk management instruments for aiding in recovery after a disaster and for encouraging future investments that are more resilient to potential hazards. The "Insurance as a Risk Management Instrument for Energy

193

POISON SPIDER FIELD CHEMICAL FLOOD PROJECT, WYOMING  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A reservoir engineering and geologic study concluded that approximate 7,852,000 bbls of target oil exits in Poison Spider. Field pore volume, OOIP, and initial oil saturation are defined. Potential injection water has a total dissolved solids content of 1,275 mg/L with no measurable divalent cations. If the Lakota water consistently has no measurable cations, the injection water does not require softening to dissolve alkali. Produced water total dissolved solids were 2,835 mg/L and less than 20 mg/L hardness as the sum of divalent cations. Produced water requires softening to dissolve chemicals. Softened produced water was used to dissolve chemicals in these evaluations. Crude oil API gravity varies across the field from 19.7 to 22.2 degrees with a dead oil viscosity of 95 to 280 cp at 75 F. Interfacial tension reductions of up to 21,025 fold (0.001 dyne/cm) were developed with fifteen alkaline-surfactant combinations at some alkali concentration. An additional three alkaline-surfactant combinations reduced the interfacial tension greater than 5,000 fold. NaOH generally produced the lowest interfacial tension values. Interfacial tension values of less than 0.021 dyne/cm were maintained when the solutions were diluted with produced water to about 60%. Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3} when mixed with surfactants did not reduce interfacial tension values to levels at which incremental oil can be expected. NaOH without surfactant interfacial tension reduction is at a level where some additional oil might be recovered. Most of the alkaline-surfactant-polymer solutions producing ultra low interfacial tension gave type II- phase behavior. Only two solutions produced type III phase behavior. Produced water dilution resulted in maintenance of phase type for a number of solutions at produced water dilutions exceeding 80% dilution. The average loss of phase type occurred at 80% dilution. Linear corefloods were performed to determine relative permeability end points, chemical-rock compatibility, polymer injectivity, dynamic chemical retention by rock, and recommended injected polymer concentration. Average initial oil saturation was 0.796 Vp. Produced water injection recovered 53% OOIP leaving an average residual oil saturation of 0.375 Vp. Poison Spider rock was strongly water-wet with a mobility ratio for produced water displacing the 280 cp crude oil of 8.6. Core was not sensitive to either alkali or surfactant injection. Injectivity increased 60 to 80% with alkali plus surfactant injection. Low and medium molecular weight polyacrylamide polymers (Flopaam 3330S and Flopaam 3430S) dissolved in either an alkaline-surfactant solution or softened produced water injected and flowed through Poison Spider rock. Recommended injected polyacrylamide concentration is 2,100 mg/L for both polymers for a unit mobility ratio. Radial corefloods were performed to evaluate oil recovery efficiency of different chemical solutions. Waterflood oil recovery averaged 46.4 OOIP and alkaline-surfactant-polymer flood oil recovery averaged an additional 18.1% OIP for a total of 64.6% OOIP. Oil cut change due to injection of a 1.5 wt% Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3} plus 0.05 wt% Petrostep B-100 plus 0.05 wt% Stepantan AS1216 plus 2100 mg/L Flopaam 3430S was from 2% to a peak of 23.5%. Additional study might determine the impact on oil recovery of a lower polymer concentration. An alkaline-surfactant-polymer flood field implementation outline report was written.

Douglas Arnell; Malcolm Pitts; Jie Qi

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Rate Schedules  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

One of the major responsibilities of Southeastern is to design, formulate, and justify rate schedules. Repayment studies prepared by the agency determine revenue requirements and appropriate rate...

195

Jetting, In-Nozzle Meniscus Motion and Nozzle-Plate Flooding in an Industrial Drop-on-Demand Print Head  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-up of fluid in an annulus around the nozzle (flooding rate) has been characterized and compared with models for the net ink flow through the nozzle. Introduction In a commercial drop-on-demand (DOD) inkjet print head, the ink meniscus at nozzles... . The flash, focused by a condenser, illuminates the nozzles about 21 degrees off-axis from the opposite direction. The arrangement is configured to maximize the illumination reaching the camera lens within the space constraints. A protective glass plate...

Hsiao, W.-K.; Hoath, S.D.; Martin, G.D.; Hutchings, I.M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Insurance as an adaptation strategy for extreme weather events in developing countries and economies in transition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

related hazards (e.g. , tropical cyclones and infectious orthe tracks of tropical cyclones. Canadian insurers claimlikely increase in tropical cyclones. Associated models look

Mills, Evan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Livestock Risk Protection-Lamb: New Insurance Program to Help Ranchers Manage Lamb Price Risk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

USDA is offering a new insurance program to help livestock producers manage lamb price risk. This publication explains requirements of the program and the way it works.

Pena, Jose G.; Thompson, Bill; Bevers, Stan; Anderson, David P.

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

198

The State of Health Insurance in California: Findings from the 2003 California Health Interview Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SUITE 300 LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA 90024 PHONE: (310) 794-Health Insurance California in Findingsfrom the 2003 California Health Interview Survey The State

Brown, E. Richard; Lavarreda, Shana Alex; Rice, Thomas; Kincheloe, Jennifer R.; al., et

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

The State of Health Insurance in California: Findings from the 2007 California Health Interview Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Suite 1550 Los Angeles, California 90024 Phone: 310.794.0909State of Health Insurance in California August 2009 Findingsfrom the 2007 California Health Interview Survey E. Richard

Brown, Richard E.; Kronick, Richard; Kincheloe, Jennifer R.; Lavarreda, Shana Alex; Peckham, Erin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

The State of Health Insurance in California: Findings from the 2005 California Health Interview Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE STATE OF HEALTH INSURANCE IN CALIFORNIA FINDINGS FROMTHE 2005 CALIFORNIA HEALTH INTERVIEW SURVEY JULY 2007 E.by grants from The California Endowment and The California

Brown, E. Richard; Lavarreda, Shana Alex; Ponce, Ninez; Yoon, Jean; al., et

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood insurance rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Bridging the Gap between Chemical Flooding and Independent Oil Producers  

SciTech Connect

Ten Kanas oil reservoirs/leases were studied through geological and engineering analysis to assess the potential performance of chemical flooding to recover oil. Reservoirs/leases that have been efficiently waterflooded have the highest performance potential for chemical flooding. Laboratory work to identify efficient chemical systems and to test the oil recovery performance of the systems was the major effort of the project. Efficient chemical systems were identified for crude oils from nine of the reservoirs/leases. Oil recovery performance of the identified chemical systems in Berea sandstone rocks showed 90+ % recoveries of waterflood residual oil for seven crude oils. Oil recoveries increased with the amount of chemical injected. Recoveries were less in Indiana limestone cores. One formulation recovered 80% of the tertiary oil in the limestone rock. Geological studies for nine of the oil reservoirs are presented. Pleasant Prairie, Trembley, Vinland and Stewart Oilfields in Kansas were the most favorable of the studied reservoirs for a pilot chemical flood from geological considerations. Computer simulations of the performance of a laboratory coreflood were used to predict a field application of chemical flooding for the Trembley Oilfield. Estimates of field applications indicated chemical flooding is an economically viable technology for oil recovery.

Stan McCool; Tony Walton; Paul Whillhite; Mark Ballard; Miguel Rondon; Kaixu Song; Zhijun Liu; Shahab Ahmed; Peter Senior

2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

202

Loudon surfactant flood pilot--overview and update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A successful surfactant (microemulsion) flood pilot test in a watered-out portion of the Weiler sand, Loudon Field, Illinois (USA) was completed in October, 1981. The microemulsion system tested was designed to be effective in the presence of highsalinity formation water containing 104,000 ppm (mg/1) total dissolved solids (TDS) without use of a preflush. The test was conducted in a single, 0.68acre (2752 m/sup 2/) 5-spot operated in a manner that approximated a confined pattern. The test was highly successful, recovering 60% of the oil remaining after waterflood. Cores from a post-flood well drilled within the pattern have confirmed the low final oil saturations and low surfactant retention achieved in the flood. Although oil recovery was excellent, loss of mobility control in the polymer drive bank and premature breakthrough of lower-salinity drive water were observed part-way through the test. Laboratory and field studies conducted since flood termination have confirmed that loss was caused by bacterial degradation of the xanthan biopolymer used. Several biocides were tested in the laboratory and in a field injection experiment to determine their effectiveness against the bacteria contaminating the pilot. Formaldehyde was shown to kill bacteria within the formation, have negligible absorption on reservoir rock, and permit propagation of undegraded polymer. Based on these test results, formaldehyde should protect xanthan biopolymer from bacterial degradation in future microemulsion floods at Loudon.

Bragg, J.R.; Canning, J.W.; Gale, W.W.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Rates - WAPA-137 Rate Order  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WAPA-137 Rate Order WAPA-137 Rate Order 2009 CRSP Management Center Customer Rates Second Step Presentation from the June 25, 2009, Customer Meeting Handout Materials from the June 25, 2009, Customer Meeting Customer Comment Letters ATEA CREDA Farmington ITCA AMPUA Rate Adjustment Information The second step of WAPA-137 SLCA/IP Firm Power, CRSP Transmission and Ancillary Services rate adjustment. FERC Approval of Rate Order No. WAPA-137 Notice Of Filing for Rate Order No. WAPA-137 Published Final FRN for Rate Order No. WAPA-137 Letter to Customers regarding the published Notice of Extension of Public Process for Rate Order No. WAPA-137 Published Extension of Public Process for Rate Order No. WAPA-137 FRN Follow-up Public Information and Comment Forum Flier WAPA-137 Customer Meetings and Rate Adjustment Schedule

204

Management of Specific Flood Plain Areas (Iowa) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Management of Specific Flood Plain Areas (Iowa) Management of Specific Flood Plain Areas (Iowa) Management of Specific Flood Plain Areas (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Iowa Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Iowa Department of Natural Resources Floodplain management orders by the Iowa Department of Natural Resources as

205

A Statistical Comparison of the Properties of Flash Flooding and Nonflooding Precipitation Events in Portions of New York and Pennsylvania  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flash floods reported for the forecast area of the National Weather Service Forecast Office at Binghamton, New York (BGM), are compared with similar significant precipitation and flash flood watch events not corresponding to flash flood reports. ...

Stephen M. Jessup; Arthur T. DeGaetano

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

In-State Contract Vehicle Rental Rates (State Motor Pool Rental Contract for Business Travel)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

# · Rates require that the vehicle be returned with a full tank of gas. · Unlimited mileage on all rentals Insurance. Large Truck 51 281 1,020 · Weekly rates are calculated at 5.5 times the Daily rate. Cargo Van/Truck 51 281 1,020 · Monthly rates will be calculated at 20 times the Daily rate. Van - 15 Passenger 90 495

Harms, Kyle E.

207

Flood Zone Building Permits (District of Columbia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Flood Zone Building Permits (District of Columbia) Flood Zone Building Permits (District of Columbia) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider District Department of the Environment

208

Energy Rating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Consistent, accurate, and uniform ratings based on a single statewide rating scale Reasonable estimates of potential utility bill savings and reliable recommendations on cost-effective measures to improve energy efficiency Training and certification procedures for home raters and quality assurance procedures to promote accurate ratings and to protect consumers Labeling procedures that will meet the needs of home buyers, homeowners, renters, the real estate industry, and mortgage lenders with an interest in home energy ratings

Cabec Conference; Rashid Mir P. E

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Insertion Rates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HOME > Insertion Rates. TECH HEADLINES. Research Explores a New Layer in Additive Manufacturin... Grand Opening Slated for Electron Microscopy Facility.

210

Analysis of national pay-as-you-drive insurance systems and other variable driving charges  

SciTech Connect

Under Pay as You Drive insurance (PAYD), drivers would pay part of their automobile insurance premium as a per-gallon surcharge every time they filled their gas tank. By transfering a portion of the cost of owning a vehicle from a fixed cost to a variable cost, PAYD would discourage driving. PAYD has been proposed recently in California as a means of reforming how auto insurance is provided. PAYD proponents claim that, by forcing drivers to purchase at least part of their insurance every time they refuel their car, PAYD would reduce or eliminate the need for uninsured motorist coverage. Some versions of PAYD proposed in California have been combined with a no-fault insurance system, with the intention of further reducing premiums for the average driver. Other states have proposed PAYD systems that would base insurance premiums on annual miles driven. In this report we discuss some of the qualitative issues surrounding adoption of PAYD and other policies that would convert other fixed costs of driving (vehicle registration, safety/emission control system inspection, and driver license renewal) to variable costs. We examine the effects of these policies on two sets of objectives: objectives related to auto insurance reform, and those related to reducing fuel consumption, CO{sub 2} emissions, and vehicle miles traveled. We pay particular attention to the first objective, insurance reform, since this has generated the most interest in PAYD to date, at least at the state level.

Wenzel, T.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

UCSC Student Health Services Student Health Insurance Office 1156 High Street Phone: (831) 459-2389  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UCSC Student Health Services Student Health Insurance Office 1156 High Street Phone: (831) 459 your health plan's customer service number for assistance.** 5. Does your health insurance plan cover conditions? Yes / No Emergency room services? Yes / No Diagnostic services including laboratory tests? Yes

212

The Uncertainty in the Prediction of Flash Floods in the Northern Mediterranean Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Development of an operational flood forecasting system and assessment of forecast uncertainty are the principal topics of this paper. Flood forecasting procedures are developed for a Mediterranean environment. A procedure that uses the Ensemble ...

Luca Ferraris; Roberto Rudari; Franco Siccardi

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Remote Sensing of Flooding in the U.S. Upper Midwest during the Summer of 1993  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. upper Midwest was subjected to severe flooding during the summer of 1993. Heavy rainfall in the Mississippi River basin from April through July caused flooding of many Midwest rivers, including the Mississippi, Illinois, Missouri, and ...

Liam E. Gumley; Michael D. King

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Urbanization and Climate Change: An Examination of Nonstationarities in Urban Flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We examine the hydroclimatology, hydrometeorology and hydrology of flooding in the Milwaukee metropolitan region of the upper midwest of the US. The objectives of this study are: 1) to assess nonstationarities in flood frequency associated with ...

Long Yang; James A. Smith; Daniel B. Wright; Mary Lynn Baeck; Gabriele Villarini; Fuqiang Tian; Heping Hu

215

Application of Airborne Passive Microwave Observations for Monitoring Inland Flooding Caused by Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inland flooding from tropical cyclones is a significant factor in storm-related deaths in the United States and other countries, with the majority of tropical cyclone fatalities recorded in the United States resulting from freshwater flooding. ...

Courtney D. Buckley; Robbie E. Hood; Frank J. LaFontaine

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

The Use of an Automated Nowcasting System to Forecast Flash Floods in an Urban Watershed  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flash flooding represents a significant hazard to human safety and a threat to property. Simulation and prediction of floods in complex urban settings requires high-resolution precipitation estimates and distributed hydrologic modeling. The need ...

Hatim O. Sharif; David Yates; Rita Roberts; Cynthia Mueller

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Organization of the River and Flood Program in the National Weather Service  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Weather Service is charged by law with the responsibility of issuing forecasts and warnings of floods to the nation to help save lives and mitigate property damage. This mission falls under the authority of the River and Flood ...

E. A. Stallings; L. A. Wenzel

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Precipitation and Damaging Floods: Trends in the United States, 1932–97  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The poor relationship between what climatologists, hydrologists, and other physical scientists call floods, and those floods that actually cause damage to life or property, has limited what can be reliably said about the causes of observed trends ...

Roger A. Pielke Jr.; Mary W. Downton

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Soil Testing Following Flooding, Overland Flow of Wastewater and other Freshwater Disasters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Freshwater flooding can seriously affect soil fertility and the physical and chemical properties of soil. This publication explains how to reclaim flooded soil. Having the soil tested for microbes, pesticides, hydrocarbons and other contaminants is an important step.

Provin, Tony; Feagley, Sam E.; Pitt, John L.; McFarland, Mark L.

2009-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

220

Evaluation of Tools Used for Monitoring and Forecasting Flash Floods in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper evaluates, for the first time, flash-flood guidance (FFG) values and recently developed gridded FFG (GFFG) used by the National Weather Service (NWS) to monitor and predict imminent flash flooding, which is the leading storm-related ...

Jonathan J. Gourley; Jessica M. Erlingis; Yang Hong; Ernest B. Wells

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood insurance rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Organization of Flash-Flood-Producing Precipitation in the Northeast United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heavy precipitation and flash flooding have been extensively studied in the central United States, but less so in the Northeast. This study examines 187 warm-season flash flood events identified in Storm Data to better understand the structure of ...

Stephen M. Jessup; Stephen J. Colucci

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Green River Formation water flood demonstration project. Report for the period October 1992--March 1994  

SciTech Connect

The current project targeted three fluvial deltaic reservoirs in the Uinta Basin, Utah. In primary recovery, the performance of the Monument Butte unit was typical of an undersaturated reservoir whose initial pressure was close to the bubble point pressure. The unit was producing at a rate of 40 stb/day when the water flood was initiated. The unit has been producing at more than 300 stb/day for the past four years. The reservoir characteristics of Monument Butte were established in the geologic characterization study. The reservoir fluid properties were measured in the engineering study. Results of a comprehensive reservoir simulation study using these characteristics provided excellent match with the field production data. Extended predictions using the model showed that it would be possible to recover a total of 20--25% of the oil in place. In the Travis unit, logs from the newly drilled 14a-28 showed extensively fractured zones. A new reservoir was discovered and developed on the basis of the information provided by the formation micro imaging logs. This reservoir also behaved in a manner similar to undersaturated reservoirs with initial reservoir pressures close to the reservoir fluid bubble point. The water flood activity was enhanced in the Travis unit. Even through the reservoir continued to be gradually pressurized, the water flood in the Travis unit appeared to be significantly affected by existing or created fractures. A dual-porosity, dual permeability reservoir model provided a good match with the primary production history. The well drilled in the Boundary unit did not intersect any producible zones, once again illustrating the unique challenges to developing fluvial deltaic reservoirs.

Pennington, B.I.; Lomax, J.D. [Lomax Exploration Co., Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Neilson, D.L.; Deo, M.D. [Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States)

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Pricing and Investments in Internet Security: A Cyber-Insurance Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Internet users such as individuals and organizations are subject to different types of epidemic risks such as worms, viruses, spams, and botnets. To reduce the probability of risk, an Internet user generally invests in traditional security mechanisms like anti-virus and anti-spam software, sometimes also known as self-defense mechanisms. However, such software does not completely eliminate risk. Recent works have considered the problem of residual risk elimination by proposing the idea of cyber-insurance. In this regard, an important research problem is the analysis of optimal user self-defense investments and cyber-insurance contracts under the Internet environment. In this paper, we investigate two problems and their relationship: 1) analyzing optimal self-defense investments in the Internet, under optimal cyber-insurance coverage, where optimality is an insurer objective and 2) designing optimal cyber-insurance contracts for Internet users, where a contract is a (premium, coverage) pair.

Pal, Ranjan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

A method for laboratory and field evaluation of a proposed polymer flood  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relevant components of a proposed polymer flood in the Tensleep reservoir of the Frannie Phosphoria-Tensleep Unit in Park County, Wyoming, were investigated. Laboratory testing consisted of polymer injectivity, stability, retention, and effective viscosity measurements. Based on polymer viscosity and retention tests, a polysaccharide polymer was chosen over a polyacrylamide polymer for extensive laboratory evaluation and field pilot tests. Field testing included injectivity, injection rate, biological stability, and in-situ viscosity measurements. Pressure falloff tests following variable rate injection of a polysaccharide polymer solution indicated the presence of a non-Newtonian, low mobility bank. Even though good injectivity was obtained during injection of a 15% pore volume polymer slug, the proposed field project was not done. This was primarily due to low in-situ (reservoir) polymer solution viscosity and lack of proven microbial control in the near wellbore region.

Castagno, R.E.; Gregory, M.D.; Lescarboura, J.A.; Shupe, R.D.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Flood and Shield Basalts from Ethiopia: Magmas from the African Superswell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-known, but less well-preserved, flood basalt provinces such as the Deccan and Karoo. The shield volcanoes have

Demouchy, Sylvie

226

Rate schedule  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Firm Power Service Provided by Rate/Charges Firm Power Service Provided by Rate/Charges Rate/Charges Effective Through (or until superceded) Firm Sales (SLIP-F9) Composite Rate SLIP 29.62 mills/kWh 9/30/2015 Demand Charge SLIP $5.18/kW-month 9/30/2015 Energy Charge SLIP 12.19 mills/kWh 9/30/2015 Cost Recovery Charge (CRC) SLIP 0 mills/kWh 9/30/2015 Transmission Service Provided by Current Rates effective10/12 - 9/15 (or until superceded) Rate Schedule Effective Through Firm Point-to-Point Transmission (SP-PTP7) CRSP $1.14 per kW-month $13.69/kW-year $0.00156/kW-hour $0.04/kW-day $0.26/kW-week 10/1/2008-9/30/2015 Network Integration Transmission (SP-NW3) CRSP see rate schedule 10/1/2008-9/30/2015 Non-Firm Point-to-Point Transmission (SP-NFT6) CRSP see rate schedule 10/1/2008-9/30/2015 Ancillary Services Provided by Rate Rate Schedule

227

Composite Meteorological Forcing of Puerto Rican Springtime Flood Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The central Antilles Islands experience short periods of heavy rainfall during the spring season (April and May) when trade winds weaken across the Caribbean Sea. Composite analysis of the top 10 flood events in the period 1979–2005 is carried ...

Mark R. Jury; David M. Sanchez

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

A Factorial Analysis of Storm Surge Flooding in Barrow, Alaska  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes work to improve the understanding of the broad range of factors affecting the occurrence of flooding in Barrow, Alaska, using as a basis the series of extreme events that have affected the community over the past 50 years. A ...

Amanda H. Lynch; Leanne R. Lestak; Petteri Uotila; Elizabeth N. Cassano; Lian Xie

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Sketch-based SIP flooding detection using Hellinger distance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Voice over IP (VoIP) application utilizes the Internet to provide voice service; thus it is susceptible to various security issues common on the IP networks, such as the flooding attack. Moreover, VoIP uses the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) for ...

Jin Tang; Yu Cheng; Chi Zhou

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Model-based monitoring for early warning flood detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Predictive environmental sensor networks provide complex engineering and systems challenges. These systems must withstand the event of interest, remain functional over long time periods when no events occur, cover large geographical regions of interest ... Keywords: early warning system, flood prediction, heterogeneous communication, regression model, wireless sensor network

Elizabeth A. Basha; Sai Ravela; Daniela Rus

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Kerr-McGee launches talent at House Creek flood  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kerr-McGee Corp. gets tertiary status on potassium hydroxide treatment augmenting the polymer flood of House Creek Sussex Unit. Kerr-McGee took over the House Creek flood project when it bought some $65.6 million in Powder River Basin properties from Sonat Exploration Co. of Birmingham, Alabama. Those Campbell and Converse county properties included some 75,000 net acres of leases and approximately 11 MMboe in developed and undeveloped reserves. At first, Kerr-McGee planned to go ahead with Sonat's 3-to-1 line drive pattern for its flood, but further study persuaded the company to go to a 1-to-1 pattern. The original 3-to-1 pattern had three rows of producers for one row of injectors. The 1-to-1 pattern has one row of producers for one row of injectors. Even though it's technically a polymer flood, the project qualifies for tertiary recovery status because of the potassium hydroxide (KOH) treatment used to stabilize clays in the touchy Sussex Formation.

Lyle, D.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

A Unified Flash Flood Database across the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite flash flooding being one of the most deadly and costly weather-related natural hazards worldwide, individual datasets to characterize them in the United States are hampered by limited documentation and can be difficult to access. This study is the ...

Jonathan J. Gourley; Yang Hong; Zachary L. Flamig; Ami Arthur; Robert Clark; Martin Calianno; Isabelle Ruin; Terry Ortel; Michael E. Wieczorek; Pierre-Emmanuel Kirstetter; Edward Clark; Witold F. Krajewski

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Design of a pilot polymer flood in the Marmul Field, Oman  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Marmul heavy-oil field is located in South Oman in the province of Dhofar. The main sandstone reservoir consists of glacial deposits of PermoCarboniferous age and contains about 2.5 billion barrels STOIIP of 21/sup 0/ API crude. The field is in the stage of primary development with a current production of 45000 BPD. Oil production by depletion is expected to be low, while a water drive will be adversely affected by the high oil viscosity and high permeability. Thus the Marmul field offers ample scope for EOR techniques. This paper deals with the design of the relevant polymer flood and pilot tests. A suitable mobility ratio is determined from calculated drive efficiencies and related polymer requirements, allowing for polymer retention and for viscosity grading of the polymer flood. Results of laboratory experiments indicate that polyacrylamide emulsion polymers provide attractive properties for application in Marmul. Retention in the highly permeable sands is low and so is the plugging tendency. However, viscoelastic effects cause very high pressure gradients at high flow rates, which may adversely affect polymer injectivity. This can be resolved by subjecting the solution to controlled shear treatment prior to injection.

Teeuw, D.; Martin, J.H.; Rond, D.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

A non-parametric data-based approach for probabilistic flood forecasting in support of uncertainty communication  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In addition to structural measures, governmental authorities have set up flood forecasting systems to be used as early warning systems, to minimize the damage of future floods. These flood forecasting systems make use of hydrological and hydrodynamic ... Keywords: Non parametric approach, Operational flood forecasting, Probabilistic forecasting, Uncertainty estimation

N. Van Steenbergen; J. Ronsyn; P. Willems

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Enhanced oil recovery: miscible flooding; thermal methods; and process implementation. Annual report, October 1, 1979-September 30, 1980  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The individual papers in this volume covering miscible flooding, thermal methods, and process implementation were indexed.

Linville, B. (ed.)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Rates and Repayment Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tariff Rates FY 2014 Rates and Rate Schedules FY 2013 Rates and Rate Schedules FY 2012 Rates and Rate Schedules FY 2011 Rates and Rate Schedules FY 2010 Rates and Rate Schedules FY...

237

LANL completes high-priority flood and erosion control work  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lab completes priority erosion controls Lab completes priority erosion controls LANL completes high-priority flood and erosion control work Crews installed 600 feet of water diversion barriers and removed more than 1,200 cubic yards of sediment in anticipation of flash flooding. July 11, 2011 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

238

Technical feasibility of chemical flooding in California reservoirs  

SciTech Connect

A study of the applicability of chemical flooding to California is presented. It is shown that the five processes reviewed (CO/sub 2/), micellar-polymer, polymer, caustic and hydrocarbon miscible can increase oil recovery from California reservoirs. Over one half of the 435 California reservoirs on which DOE has crude oil data contain oils with quantities of 25/degree/API or higher and viscosities of less than 20 cp. These reservoirs include sands in the large Wilmington, Belridge, Coalinga, Ventura and Midway Sunset fields. Based on crude oil properties, these reservoirs are candidates for all of the chemical flooding processes (Miscible and non-miscible. Economic success will depend on how well the problems of reservoir geology, CO/sub 2/ availability and mobility control, and surfactant and polymer quality are handled in the design and operation of each project. 40 refs.

Holm, L.W.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Rebuilding your flooded home: Guidelines for incorporating energy efficiency  

SciTech Connect

Repairs to your flood-damaged home can add energy efficiency at the same time you address pressing structural needs, mainly by replacing and upgrading insulation in walls and floors, and checking your foundation for flood damage. Many energy efficiency options are available to you today that may not have been widely available when you built your house even if that was only a few years ago. Cost-effectiveness depends on several factors, including cost of fuel and materials, efficiency levels of the structure and components, and climate. This booklet offers some general tips to improve the efficiency of your home`s shell and equipment. Additional information on any issue covered in this booklet is available from various agencies within or near your community, including your state energy office, local community action agency, utilities, Red Cross and Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) offices.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Field test of cosurfactant-enhanced alkaline flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To demonstrate that cosurfactant-enhanced alkaline flooding is viable in recovering waterflood residual oil from sandstone reservoirs in the near-offshore Gulf of Mexico, a series of tests is being conducted in the White Caste field, Louisiana. The strategy adopted was to pilot the technology in three stages: (1) a flood without polymer to prove features of the process unrelated to achieving mobility control, (2) a test of process polymer injectivity in the same reservoir, and (3) a full process demonstration in a shallower sand. The first phase of the pilot is described in this paper; pilot design, slug formulation, and operations are summarized and key responses are documented and interpreted. Ref. 2 describes the polymer injectivity test. The final pilot stage has not been initiated yet.

Falls, A.H.; Thigpen, D.R.; Nelson, R.C.; Ciaston, J.W.; Lawson, J.B.; Good, P.A.; Ueber, R.C.; Shahin, G.T.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood insurance rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Method for laboratory and field evaluation of a proposed polymer flood  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relevant components of a proposed flood in the Tensleep reservoir of the Frannie Phosphoria-Tensleep Unit in Park County, WY, were investigated. Laboratory testing consisted of polymer injectivity, stability, retention, and effective viscosity measurements. On the basis of polymer viscosity and retention tests, a polysaccharide polymer was chosen over a polyacrylamide polymer for extensive laboratory evaluation and field pilot tests. Field testing included injectivity, biological stability, and in-situ viscosity measurements. Pressure falloff tests following variable-rate injection of a polysaccharide polymer solution indicated the presence of a non-Newtonian, low-mobility bank. Even though good injectivity was obtained during injection of a 15% PV polymer slug, the proposed field project was not done. This was primarily because of low in-situ (reservoir) polymer solution viscosity and lack of proven microbial control in the near-wellbore region.

Castagno, R.E.; Shupe, R.D.; Gregory, M.D.; Lescarboura, J.A.

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Medical Information Technology trative skills of scheduling appointments, interacting with patients, submitting patient insurance claims using  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Medical Information Technology - - trative skills of scheduling appointments, interacting with patients, submitting patient insurance claims using current coding procedures, and maintaining medical Description: Medical Information Technology Associate of Applied Science Medical Administrative Assisting

Crone, Elizabeth

243

"Insurance as a Risk Management Instrument for Energy Infrastructure Security and Resilience" Report (March 2013)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability has released a report that examines the key risks confronting critical energy infrastructure and ways in which the insurance industry can...

244

Mandatory Health Insurance Requirement for Graduate and International Students CLEMSON UNIVERSITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

health and substance use disorder services; including behavioral health treatment; 6. Prescription drugs; 7. Rehabilitative and habilitative services and devices; 8. Laboratory services; 9. Minimum $100Mandatory Health Insurance Requirement for Graduate and International Students CLEMSON UNIVERSITY

Stuart, Steven J.

245

Insurer Stock Price Responses to Hurricane Floyd: An Event Study Analysis Using Storm Characteristics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research uses an event study methodology to examine the effect of Hurricane Floyd and the associated scientific and media releases on the market value of insurance firms. The research is unique in that information describing the development ...

Bradley T. Ewing; Scott E. Hein; Jamie Brown Kruse

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

A methodology for forecasting carbon dioxide flooding performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A methodology was developed for forecasting carbon dioxide (CO2) flooding performance quickly and reliably. The feasibility of carbon dioxide flooding in the Dollarhide Clearfork "AB" Unit was evaluated using the methodology. This technique is very helpful when time and data resources are limited. The methodology consists of five tasks: 1) select a section of the reservoir with the most detailed geologic, reservoir, and production data, 2) perform material balance analysis for the selected section to determine 001? and the history of total expansion, voidage, and injectage, 3) establish an average 5-spot pattern within the selected section, 4) develop a black oil numerical simulation model for a quarter of the 5-spot pattern and simulate the primary and waterflood recovery processes, and 5) forecast carbon dioxide performance using Shell's Scoping model, Texaco's "PROPHET" model, and VIP miscible simulator. One of the major limitations of the methodology is that details of individual well performance and reservoir pressure and fluid saturation distributions in the project area are not available. Therefore, the forecast is limited to the average pattern and to the reservoir as a whole. Results of the Dollarhide Clearfork simulation study show that 9.7 % to 14.1 % of OOIP may be recovered by C02 flood in the selected section. It would require WAG injection cycles with a total fluid injection of 0.831 HCPV.

Marroquin Cabrera, Juan Carlos

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

A Simple Flood Forecasting Scheme Using Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a forecasting model designed using WSNs (Wireless Sensor Networks) to predict flood in rivers using simple and fast calculations to provide real-time results and save the lives of people who may be affected by the flood. Our prediction model uses multiple variable robust linear regression which is easy to understand and simple and cost effective in implementation, is speed efficient, but has low resource utilization and yet provides real time predictions with reliable accuracy, thus having features which are desirable in any real world algorithm. Our prediction model is independent of the number of parameters, i.e. any number of parameters may be added or removed based on the on-site requirements. When the water level rises, we represent it using a polynomial whose nature is used to determine if the water level may exceed the flood line in the near future. We compare our work with a contemporary algorithm to demonstrate our improvements over it. Then we present our simulation results for t...

Seal, Victor; Maity, Shovan; Mitra, Souvik Kr; Mukherjee, Amitava; Naskar, Mrinal Kanti

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

GIS-BASED PREDICTION OF HURRICANE FLOOD INUNDATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simulation environment is being developed for the prediction and analysis of the inundation consequences for infrastructure systems from extreme flood events. This decision support architecture includes a GIS-based environment for model input development, simulation integration tools for meteorological, hydrologic, and infrastructure system models and damage assessment tools for infrastructure systems. The GIS-based environment processes digital elevation models (30-m from the USGS), land use/cover (30-m NLCD), stream networks from the National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) and soils data from the NRCS (STATSGO) to create stream network, subbasins, and cross-section shapefiles for drainage basins selected for analysis. Rainfall predictions are made by a numerical weather model and ingested in gridded format into the simulation environment. Runoff hydrographs are estimated using Green-Ampt infiltration excess runoff prediction and a 1D diffusive wave overland flow routing approach. The hydrographs are fed into the stream network and integrated in a dynamic wave routing module using the EPA's Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) to predict flood depth. The flood depths are then transformed into inundation maps and exported for damage assessment. Hydrologic/hydraulic results are presented for Tropical Storm Allison.

JUDI, DAVID [Los Alamos National Laboratory; KALYANAPU, ALFRED [Los Alamos National Laboratory; MCPHERSON, TIMOTHY [Los Alamos National Laboratory; BERSCHEID, ALAN [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2007-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

249

Assessment of Potential Flood Events and Impacts at INL's Proposed Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Facility Sites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rates, depths, erosion potential, increased subsurface transport rates, and annual exceedance probability for potential flooding scenarios have been evaluated for the on-site alternatives of Idaho National Laboratory’s proposed remote handled low-level waste disposal facility. The on-site disposal facility is being evaluated in anticipation of the closure of the Radioactive Waste Management Complex at the INL. An assessment of flood impacts are required to meet the Department of Energy’s Low-Level Waste requirements (DOE-O 435.1), its natural phenomena hazards assessment criteria (DOE-STD-1023-95), and the Radioactive Waste Management Manual (DOE M 435.1-1) guidance in addition to being required by the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) environmental assessment (EA). Potential sources of water evaluated include those arising from (1) local precipitation events, (2) precipitation events occurring off of the INL (off-site precipitation), and (3) increased flows in the Big Lost River in the event of a Mackay Dam failure. On-site precipitation events include potential snow-melt and rainfall. Extreme rainfall events were evaluated for the potential to create local erosion, particularly of the barrier placed over the disposal facility. Off-site precipitation carried onto the INL by the Big Lost River channel was evaluated for overland migration of water away from the river channel. Off-site precipitation sources evaluated were those occurring in the drainage basin above Mackay Reservoir. In the worst-case scenarios, precipitation occurring above Mackay Dam could exceed the dam’s capacity, leading to overtopping, and eventually complete dam failure. Mackay Dam could also fail during a seismic event or as a result of mechanical piping. Some of the water released during dam failure, and contributing precipitation, has the potential of being carried onto the INL in the Big Lost River channel. Resulting overland flows from these flood sources were evaluated for their erosion potential, ability to overflow the proposed disposal facility, and for their ability to increase migration of contaminants from the facility. The assessment of available literature suggests that the likelihood of detrimental flood water impacting the proposed RH-LLW facility is extremely low. The annual exceedance probability associated with uncontrolled flows in the Big Lost River impacting either of the proposed sites is 1x10-5, with return interval (RI) of 10,000yrs. The most probable dam failure scenario has an annual exceedance probability of 6.3x10-6 (1.6x105 yr RI). In any of the scenarios generating possible on-site water, the duration is expected to be quite short, water depths are not expected to exceed 0.5 m, and the erosion potential can easily be mitigated by emplacement of a berm (operational period), and an engineered cover (post closure period). Subsurface mobilization of radionuclides was evaluated for a very conservative flooding scenario resulting in 50 cm deep, 30.5 day on-site water. The annual exceedance probability for which is much smaller than 3.6x10-7 (2.8x106 yr RI). For the purposes of illustration, the facility was assumed to flood every 500 years. The periodically recurring flood waters were predicted to marginally increase peak radionuclide fluxes into the aquifer by at most by a factor of three for non-sorbing radionuclides, and to have limited impact on peak radionuclide fluxes into the aquifer for contaminants that do sorb.

A. Jeff Sondrup; Annette L. Schafter

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Optimization of a CO2 flood design Wesson Field - west Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Denver Unit of Wasson Field, located in Gaines and Yoakum Counties in west Texas, produces oil from the San Andres dolomite at a depth of 5,000 ft. Wasson Field is part of the Permian Basin and is one of the largest petroleum-producing basins in the United States. This research used a modeling approach to optimize the existing carbon dioxide (CO2) flood in section 48 of the Denver Unit by improving the oil sweep efficiency of miscible CO2 floods and enhancing the conformance control. A full compositional simulation model using a detailed geologic characterization was built to optimize the injection pattern of section 48 of Denver Unit. The model is a quarter of an inverted nine-spot and covers 20 acres in San Andres Formation of Wasson Field. The Peng-Robinson equation of state (EOS) was chosen to describe the phase behavior during the CO2 flooding. An existenting geologic description was used to construct the simulation grid. Simulation layers represent actual flow units and resemble the large variation of reservoir properties. A 34-year history match was performed to validate the model. Several sensitivity runs were made to improve the CO2 sweep efficiency and increase the oil recovery. During this study I found that the optimum CO2 injection rate for San Andres Formation in the section 48 of the Denver Unit is approximately 300 res bbl (762 Mscf/D) of carbon dioxide. Simulation results also indicate that a water-alternating-gas (WAG) ratio of 1:1 along with an ultimate CO2 slug of 100% hydrocarbon pore volume (HCPV) willallow an incremental oil recovery of 18%. The additional recovery increases to 34% if a polymer is injected as a conformance control agent during the course of the WAG process at a ratio of 1:1. According to the results, a pattern reconfiguration change from the typical Denver Unit inverted nine spot to staggered line drive would represent an incremental oil recovery of 26%.

Garcia Quijada, Marylena

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Rates and Repayment Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Customer Letter - Preliminary Review of Drought Adder Component for 2011 Firm Power Rates 2010 Rates and Rate Schedule - Current * 2009 Rates and Rate Schedule 2008 Rates and...

252

Risk Analysis and Damage Assessment For Flood Prone Areas in Washington DC.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a loss estimation method regarding areas of District of Columbia susceptible to flooding, specifically the Southwest quadrant, the National Mall, and Federal… (more)

Lessani, Arian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Modeling and experimental analysis of carbon exchange from artificially flooded forest and peatland ecosystems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Development of hydroelectricity in recent years has stirred an international debate in relation to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused by flooding, which results from the… (more)

Kim, Youngil

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Calibration of a distributed flood forecasting model with input uncertainty using a Bayesian framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Calibrated probabilistic forecasting using ensemble modelSutcliffe (1970), River flow forecasting through conceptuala Distributed Flood Forecasting Model with Input Uncertainty

Li, M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Idaho National Laboratory Materials and Fuels Complex Natural Phenomena Hazards Flood Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the results of flood hazards analyses performed for the Materials and Fuels Complex (MFC) and the adjacent Transient Reactor Experiment and Test Facility (TREAT) located at Idaho National Laboratory. The requirements of these analyses are provided in the U.S. Department of Energy Order 420.1B and supporting Department of Energy (DOE) Natural Phenomenon Hazard standards. The flood hazards analyses were performed by Battelle Energy Alliance and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The analyses addressed the following: • Determination of the design basis flood (DBFL) • Evaluation of the DBFL versus the Critical Flood Elevations (CFEs) for critical existing structures, systems, and components (SSCs).

Gerald Sehlke; Paul Wichlacz

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Application of freshwater and brine polymer flooding in the North Burbank Unit, Osage County, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

A freshwater polymer-flood project was implemented in a 1,440-acre area of the North Burbank Unit (NBU) in 1980 with sequential injection of 4.2 million Ibm of polyacrylamide and 4.0 million Ibm of a 2.9% aluminum citrate crosslinking solution. Response to polymer flooding has been very pronounced, with ultimate incremental oil recovery projected to exceed 2.5 MMSTB of oil and total project oil expected to be 4.5 MMSTB. A crosslinked polymer-flood process for use in brine was developed that displays equally favorable performance characteristics as the freshwater polymer-flooding system.

Moffitt, P.D.; Zornes, D.R.; Moradi-Araghi, A.; McGovern, J.M. (Phillips Petroleum Co., Bartlesville, OK (United States))

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

OTEC performance tests of the Union Carbide flooded-bundle evaporator  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Results of performance tests conducted on a Union Carbide flooded-bundle evaporator with High Flux titanium tubes are reported. At design operating conditions (a heat duty of 3.2 million Btu/hr, an inlet water temperature of 80/sup 0/F, and a water flow rate of 3200 gpm) the steady-state value of the overall heat transfer coefficient (U/sub 0/) was found to be 785 Btu/hr ft/sup 2/ /sup 0/F, and the ammonia-side and water-side heat transfer coefficients were 4800 and 1400 Btu/hr ft/sup 2/ /sup 0/F, respectively. The water-side pressure drop was 2.7 psi. Variations in heat duty (+-25%) and liquid ammonia feed temperature (over the range of 48 to 64/sup 0/F) did not affect thermal performance significantly. On the other hand, U/sub 0/ was reduced appreciably by operational shutdowns during which nonboiling ammonia remained in contact with the High Flux surface for periods of 30 minutes or more. During a one-hour shutdown the value of U/sub 0/ decreased to 690 Btu/hr ft/sup 2/ /sup 0/F, and values as low as 600 Btu/hr ft/sup 2/ /sup 0/F were reached for longer shutdowns. Such contact appears to deactivate some of the nucleate boiling sites, thus reducing the heat transfer coefficient. Although operation of the evaporator under boiling conditions reverses this effect, reactivation takes place much more slowly than deactivation. Procedures for avoiding this problem in the operation of the High Flux flooded-bundle evaporator are given.

Lewis, L G; Sather, N F

1978-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Surfactant-enhanced alkaline flooding field project. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

The Tucker sand from Hepler field, Crawford County, Kansas, was characterized using routine and advanced analytical methods. The characterization is part of a chemical flooding pilot test to be conducted in the field, which is classified as a DOE Class I (fluvial-dominated delta) reservoir. Routine and advanced methods of characterization were compared. Traditional wireline logs indicate that the reservoir is vertically compartmentalized on the foot scale. Routine core analysis, X-ray computed tomography (CT), minipermeameter measurement, and petrographic analysis indicate that compartmentalization and lamination extend to the microscale. An idealized model of how the reservoir is probably structured (complex layering with small compartments) is presented. There was good agreement among the several methods used for characterization, and advanced characterization methods adequately explained the coreflood and tracer tests conducted with short core plugs. Tracer and chemical flooding tests were conducted in short core plugs while monitoring with CT to establish flow patterns and to monitor oil saturations in different zones of the core plugs. Channeling of injected fluids occurred in laboratory experiments because, on core plug scale, permeability streaks extended the full length of the core plugs. A graphic example of how channeling in field core plugs can affect oil recovery during chemical injection is presented. The small scale of compartmentalization indicated by plugs of the Tucker sand may actually help improve sweep between wells. The success of field-scale waterflooding and the fluid flow patterns observed in highly heterogeneous outcrop samples are reasons to expect that reservoir flow patterns are different from those observed with short core plugs, and better sweep efficiency may be obtained in the field than has been observed in laboratory floods conducted with short core plugs.

French, T.R.; Josephson, C.B.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Erosion potential from Missoula floods in the Pasco Basin, Washington  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Localities within the Pasco Basin preserve evidence of Missoula floods. Deposits are 46% sand-sized, 36% gravel-sized, and 18% finer than sand-sized. Mean thickness is 39 meters. High water marks at Wallula Gap require a discharge of approximately 12.5 Mcms. At Sentinel Gap, the slope-area method shows that the high water marks require a discharge of 34.6 Mcms. Since this discharge greatly exceeds any estimated for Missoula floods, there must have been backwater ponding from Wallula Gap. Projecting the slope of the water surface at the upper end of Wallula Gap to the downstream cross section at Gable Mountain leads to a discharge of 9.5 Mcms at Sentinel Gap. The HEC-6 steady state code and four sediment transport equations were applied. Assuming sand-sized particles, DuBoys function estimated 4 to 9 meters of scour. Yang's equation estimated 3 to 4 meters of scour. These are a minimum. A hydrograph synthesized for the boundaries of the Pasco Basin shows the maxima of the flood would occur after 90 h at Sentinel Gap, and at 114 h at Wallula Gap. The 200 areas will remain inundated for four days and six hours. With a quasi-dynamic sediment transport computation, HEC-6 scour estimates range from 0.61 meters to 0.915 meters. This is a minimum amount and erosion is highly variable suggesting reworking of sediment. The Meyer-Peter Meuller equations show less than 1 meter of net scour in the 200 areas. More extensive erosion was achieved during particular time steps of this analysis suggesting that sediment re-working would occur.

Craig, R.G.; Hanson, J.P.

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Pantex Facility 10-Year Natural Phenomena Flood Hazard Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pantex Facility 10-Year Natural Pantex Facility 10-Year Natural Phenomena Flood Hazard Analysis Presented by and October, 2011 Presentation Outline I. Introductions II. Pantex III. 10 Year Update IV. Final Results V. July 2010 Event VI. Emergency Planning VII.What's Next Pantex The Pantex Plant, located 17 miles northeast of Amarillo, Texas, in Carson County, is charged with maintaining the safety, security and reliability of the nation's nuclear weapons stockpile. Worked performed at Pantex supports three core missions. * Stockpile Stewardship * Nonproliferation and * Safeguards and Security Pantex (cont.) - Location Pantex (cont.) - Weather Patterns * Precipitation is typical for Southwest climate, mainly in the form of Spring and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood insurance rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Flood Plain or Floodway Development (Iowa) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

or Floodway Development (Iowa) or Floodway Development (Iowa) Flood Plain or Floodway Development (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Iowa Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Iowa Department Natural Resources This section describes situations when a permit is needed for the

262

Micellar/polymer flooding in the Bradford field  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the development and operation of a 218-acre (88-ha) micellar/polymer flood in the Bradford field of Pennsylvania. A definite tertiary oil production response occurred after injection of 35% PV of micellar slug and polymer. A total of 191,226 bbl (30.4x10/sup 3/ m/sup 3/), or 3.4% PV, oil was produced, which was significantly less than predicted. The production response occurred later and was lower than expected, and operations were discontinued before the scheduled polymer-injection sequence was completed.

Ondrusek, P.S.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Surface mining and reclamation effects on flood response of watersheds in the central Appalachian Plateau region - article no. W04407  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface mining of coal and subsequent reclamation represent the dominant land use change in the central Appalachian Plateau (CAP) region of the United States. Hydrologic impacts of surface mining have been studied at the plot scale, but effects at broader scales have not been explored adequately. Broad-scale classification of reclaimed sites is difficult because standing vegetation makes them nearly indistinguishable from alternate land uses. We used a land cover data set that accurately maps surface mines for a 187-km{sup 2} watershed within the CAP. These land cover data, as well as plot-level data from within the watershed, are used with HSPF (Hydrologic Simulation Program-Fortran) to estimate changes in flood response as a function of increased mining. Results show that the rate at which flood magnitude increases due to increased mining is linear, with greater rates observed for less frequent return intervals. These findings indicate that mine reclamation leaves the landscape in a condition more similar to urban areas rather than does simple deforestation, and call into question the effectiveness of reclamation in terms of returning mined areas to the hydrological state that existed before mining.

Ferrari, J.R.; Lookingbill, T.R.; McCormick, B.; Townsend, P.A.; Eshleman, K.N. [University of Maryland, Frostburg, MD (United States)

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

264

Reservoir characterization and steam flood monitoring with crosshole EM  

SciTech Connect

Crosshole electromagnetic (EM) imaging is applied to reservoir characterization and steam flood monitoring in a central California oil field. Steam was injected into three stacked eastward-dipping, unconsolidated oil sands within the upper 200 m. The steam plume is expected to develop as an ellipse aligned with the regional northwest-southeast strike. EM measurements were made from two fiberglass-cased observation wells straddling the steam injector on a northeast-southwest profile using the LLNL frequency domain crosshole EM system. Field data were collected before the initiation of a steam drive to map the distribution of the oil sands and then 6 and 12 months later to monitor the progress of the steam chest. Resistivity images derived from the EM data before steam injection clearly delineate the distribution and dipping structure on the target oil sands. Difference images, from data collected before and after steam flooding, show resistivity changes that indicate that the steam chest has developed only in the deeper oil sands although steam injection occurred in all three sand layers.

Wilt, M. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Torres-Verdin, C. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Wyoming chemical flood test for oil recovery shows promise  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project was begun in 1978 to provide data to promote surfactant chemical flooding on a commercial scale in the low-permeability reservoirs of eastern Wyoming and Colorado. The Big Muddy Field in Wyoming was selected because of the large resource, potential net pay, and high oil saturation. Injection began on February 20, 1980 with a surfactant flooding process. Water mixed with salt (brine) was injected as a preflush which was completed on January 20, 1981. This produced 12,122 bbl of oil. The next step involves injecting a surfactant, co-surfactant (alcohol), and polymer. When the injection of the surfactant is completed in the summer of 1982, polymer alone will be injected. Polymer injection will be completed sometime in 1984. The final phase will be a followup water drive scheduled for 1984-1987. As of February 1, 1982, 36,683 bbl of oil had been produced. About 88 bbl of oil per day is being produced, compared to only about 41 bbl per day in February 1981. (ATT)

Not Available

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Improving chemical flood efficiency with micellar/alkaline/polymer processes  

SciTech Connect

A laboratory study was undertaken to find more efficient, lower-cost chemical systems for the recovery of waterflood residual oil. The authors' investigation emphasized alkaline-augmented processes because alkali is much less expensive than surfactant. The strategy was to replace some of or all the high-cost surfactants in a micellar formulation with lower-cost alkali and still maintain the high tertiary oil recoveries obtained with micellar flooding. Baseline oil recoveries in Berea corefloods were determined for two interfacially active crude oils with micellar/polymer (MP) and alkaline/polymer (AP) systems. A combination process was then developed in which a small micellar slug is injected first, followed by a larger AP slug. This process is referred to as a micellar/alkaline/polymer (MAP) flood. Phase-behavior studies guided the design and optimization of all three chemical processes in the coreflood experiments. Detailed effluent analyses and in-situ mobility measurements provided information about possible oil recovery mechanisms.

Shuler, P.J.; Kuehne, D.L.; Lerner, R.M.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Executive Director for Operations USE OF INSURANCE AS A METHOD TO PROVIDE FINANCIAL ASSURANCE FOR DECOMMISSIONING NUCLEAR POWER REACTORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this memorandum is to inform the Commission of the staff’s proposed Standard Review Plan (SRP) criteria for evaluating the insurance method of providing financial assurance for decommissioning nuclear power reactors and provide the status of the staff’s ongoing reviews of two insurance proposals. In a memorandum dated May 20, 2004, from then Executive Director for Operations, Dr. William Travers, the Commission was informed of the staff’s receipt of two first-of-a-kind proposals submitted by Marsh USA (Marsh) and Nuclear Electric Insurance Limited (NEIL) to use insurance to provide financial assurance for decommissioning nuclear power reactors pursuant to 10 CFR 50.75(e)(1)(iii). In that memorandum, the staff stated that it would develop SRP criteria to evaluate the use of insurance, commence reviews of the two proposals, and inform the Commission of its progress by October 2004. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulations at 10 CFR 50.75(e) specify that insurance is an acceptable method for a licensee to demonstrate reasonable assurance that sufficient funds will be available for the plant decommissioning process. Specifically, 10 CFR 50.75(e)(1)(iii) requires that certain terms and conditions must be present in the decommissioning insurance policy. These conditions include: automatic renewal, 90-days advance notice by the insurer of intent not to renew the policy, and payment of the full face amount into a trust if the licensee fails to provide an acceptable replacement after receiving notice of the insurer’s intent to cancel the policy. CONTACT: Ronald B. Uleck, NRR/DRIP 301-415-3741 The Commissioners-2-However, 10 CFR 50.75 contains only limited requirements for use of the insurance method. Similarly, existing guidance provided by NUREG-1577, Rev. 1, “Standard Review Plan on

unknown authors

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Hydroclimate Analysis of Severe Floods in China’s Poyang Lake Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Poyang Lake in Jiangxi Province is the largest freshwater lake in China and is historically a region of significant floods. Maximum annual lake stage and the number of severe flood events have increased during the past few decades because of levee ...

David Shankman; Barry D. Keim; Tadanobu Nakayama; Rongfang Li; Dunyin Wu; W. Craig Remington

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

An Inspection Well Data Analyzing Approach to Residual Oil Distribution After Polymer Flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As one of the widely applied EOR methods in China, polymer flooding can gain about 10% incremental oil recovery. Meanwhile, most producing wells have been in high water cut period, subsurface displacement is still non-uniform and some non-flushed layers ... Keywords: after polymer flooding, residual oil, distribution law, inspection well, flush degree

Wang Zhengbo, Ye Yinzhu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Fluctuations in the Drought/Flood Area over India and Relationships with the Southern Oscillation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An objective numerical drought/flood index has been used to obtain, on the dryness side, the Drought Area Index (DAI) and on the wetness side, the Flood Area Index (FAI) for India for the period 1891–1979. The DAI for a given year is the ...

H. N. Bhalme; D. A. Mooley; S. K. Jadhav

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Cases of Heavy Precipitation and Flash Floods in the Caribbean during El Niño Winters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The environments associated with three episodes of heavy precipitation and flash floods in the Caribbean are diagnosed. Analysis of the hydrometeorological conditions leading up to flash floods on 3–4 January 1998, 5–6 January 1992, and 4 March ...

Arlene G. Laing

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Evaluation of a coastal flood inundation model using hard and soft data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observed data of coastal inundation are very rare, yet are essential for testing the performance of simulation models for this significant natural hazard. In this paper we therefore examine the extent to which observed data can constrain predictions ... Keywords: Coastal flooding, Flood risk, Hydraulic modelling, Model evaluation, Uncertainty

Rosemary A. E. Smith; Paul D. Bates; Christopher Hayes

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

A Flash-Flooding Storm at the Steep Edge of High Terrain: Disaster in the Himalayas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flash floods on the edge of high terrain, such as the Himalayas or Rocky Mountains, are especially dangerous and hard to predict. The Leh flood of 2010 at the edge of the Himalayan Plateau in India is an example of the tragic consequences of such storms. ...

Kristen L. Rasmussen; Robert A. Houze Jr.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Two Floods in Fort Collins, Colorado: Learning from a Natural Disaster  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A flash flood in Fort Collins, Colorado, on 28 July 1997 resulted in 5 deaths, 62 injuries, and more than $250 million in property damage. Following the 1997 flood, a great many changes were made in the city's preparedness infrastructure. On 30 ...

John F. Weaver; Eve Gruntfest; Glenn M. Levy

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Numerical Simulation of the 1981 Sichuan Flood. Part I: Evolution of a Mesoscale Southwest Vortex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the period 11–15 July 1981, heavy rainfall occurred over the Sichuan Basin in China, resulting in severe floods that took a large toll in human life and property damage. Mesoscale analyses by Kuo, Cheng and Anthes have shown that the flood ...

Ying-Hwa Kuo; Linsheng Cheng; Jian-Wen Bao

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Rates and Repayment Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rates Loveland Area Project Firm Power Rates Transmission and Ancillary Services Rates 2012 Rate Adjustment-Transmission and Ancillary Services 2010 Rate Adjustment-Firm Power 2009...

277

Rates and Repayment Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rates and Repayment Services Consolidated Rate Schedules FY 2014 Rates BCP Annual Rate Process Central Arizona Project Transmission Rate Process DSW Multiple System Transmission...

278

Enhanced oil recovery by CO/sub 2/ foam flooding. First annual report  

SciTech Connect

An extensive review of the literature revealed that the use of foam to lower the mobility of gases used to displace oil has been considered since 1956. Although early work was related mainly to light hydrocarbons, it is natural to extend the concept to the CO/sub 2/ flooding process. Samples of foaming agents, compatible with oil reservoir environments, were obtained from major manufacturers. Ninety-three samples were tested both alone and in admixture. The most promising class of additives appears to be ionic surfactants produced by ethoxylation of a linear alcohol followed by sulfation. One of the best, Plurafoam NO-2N was tested in a linear sandpack and found to reduce the mobility of gas relative to water an average of 300-fold. Viscosity measurements of the foam at varying shear rates were made to help explain the dramatic change in gas mobility in the linear flow model. The foam is non-Newtonian but many-fold more viscous than the liquid from which it is generated at all reasonable shear rates. Viscosities exceeding 1000 centipose are routinely obtained. Addition of water-soluble polymers to the foaming liquid greatly enhances the stability of the foam. Five different polymer structures were tested, all of which had a common cellulosic type backbone. Of this group, hydroxypropyl cellulose and zanthan gum appear to be the most promising candidates. The superiority of these polymers lies primarily in their stability at reservoir conditions in the acid environment created when carbon dioxide dissolves in water.

Not Available

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Using High-Resolution Satellite Rainfall Products to Simulate a Major Flash Flood Event in Northern Italy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effective flash flood warning procedures are usually hampered by observational limitations of precipitation over mountainous basins where flash floods occur. Satellite rainfall estimates are available over complex terrain regions, offering a ...

Efthymios I. Nikolopoulos; Emmanouil N. Anagnostou; Marco Borga

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Toward Real-Time Daily PQPF by an Analog Sorting Approach: Application to Flash-Flood Catchments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heavy-rainfall events are common in southern France and frequently result in devastating flash floods. Thus, an appropriate anticipation of future rainfall is required: for early flood warning, at least 12–24 h in advance; for alerting operational ...

Renaud Marty; Isabella Zin; Charles Obled; Guillaume Bontron; Abdelatif Djerboua

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood insurance rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Assessing the Capability of a Regional-Scale Weather Model to Simulate Extreme Precipitation Patterns and Flooding in Central Texas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regional-scale weather model is used to determine the potential for flood forecasting based on model-predicted rainfall. Extreme precipitation and flooding events are a significant concern in central Texas, due to both the high occurrence and ...

Marla R. Knebl Lowrey; Zong-Liang Yang

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Field Testing of Energy-Efficient Flood-Damage-Resistant Residential Envelope Systems Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

The primary purpose of the project was to identify materials and methods that will make the envelope of a house flood damage resistant. Flood damage resistant materials and systems are intended to be used to repair houses subsequent to flooding. This project was also intended to develop methods of restoring the envelopes of houses that have been flooded but are repairable and may be subject to future flooding. Then if the house floods again, damage will not be as extensive as in previous flood events and restoration costs and efforts will be minimized. The purpose of the first pair of field tests was to establish a baseline for typical current residential construction practice. The first test modules used materials and systems that were commonly found in residential envelopes throughout the U.S. The purpose of the second pair of field tests was to begin evaluating potential residential envelope materials and systems that were projected to be more flood-damage resistant and restorable than the conventional materials and systems tested in the first pair of tests. The purpose of testing the third slab-on-grade module was to attempt to dry flood proof the module (no floodwater within the structure). If the module could be sealed well enough to prevent water from entering, then this would be an effective method of making the interior materials and systems flood damage resistant. The third crawl space module was tested in the same manner as the previous modules and provided an opportunity to do flood tests of additional residential materials and systems. Another purpose of the project was to develop the methodology to collect representative, measured, reproducible (i.e. scientific) data on how various residential materials and systems respond to flooding conditions so that future recommendations for repairing flood damaged houses could be based on scientific data. An additional benefit of collecting this data is that it will be used in the development of a standard test procedure which could lead to the certification of building materials and systems as flood damage resistant.

Aglan, H.

2005-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

283

Effects of CO/sub 2/ flooding on wave velocities in rocks with hydrocarbons  

SciTech Connect

Compressional and shear-wave velocities were measured in the laboratory in seven sandstones (porosities ranging from 6 to 29%) and one unconsolidated sand (37% porosity) saturated with n-hexadecane (C/sub 16/H/sub 34/) both before and after CO/sub 2/ flooding. CO/sub 2/ flooding decreased compressional-wave velocities significantly, while shear-wave velocities were less affected. The magnitude of these effects was found to depend on confining and pore pressures, temperature, and porosities of the rocks. The experimental results and theoretical analysis show that the decreases in compressional-wave velocities caused by CO/sub 2/ flooding may be seismically resolvable in situ. Therefore, seismic--especially high-frequency, high-resolution seismic--methods may be useful in mapping and locating CO/sub 2/ zones, tracking movements of CO/sub 2/ fronts, and monitoring flooding processes in reservoirs undergoing CO/sub 2/ flooding.

Wang, Z. (Core Labs., Calgary (CA)); Nur, A.M. (Stanford Univ., Geophysics Dept., CA (US))

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Improved efficiency of miscible CO{sub 2} floods and enhanced prospects for CO{sub 2} flooding heterogeneous reservoirs. Quarterly technical progress report, January 1, 1995--March 31, 1995  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this research is to improve the effectiveness of CO{sub 2} flooding in heterogeneous reservoirs. Activities include: exploration of the applicability of selective mobility reduction utilizing foams; possible higher economic viability of floods at slightly reduced CO{sub 2} injection pressures; and taking advantage of gravitational forces during flooding in fractured reservoirs.

Grigg, R.B.; Heller, J.P.; Schechter, D.S.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

MEDICAL EVACUATION AND REPATRIATION INSURANCES There is information at two web sites on Medical Evacuation and Repatriation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MEDICAL EVACUATION AND REPATRIATION INSURANCES There is information at two web sites on Medical at ext. 8-1480 or srader@kumc.edu or visit either web site. Medical evacuation insurance is used to the nearest hospital where appropriate medical treatment can be obtained -or- if your medical condition

Albertini, David

286

UCSC Student Health Services Phone: (831) 459-2389 Student Health Insurance Office Fax: (831) 459-4050  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UCSC Student Health Services Phone: (831) 459-2389 Student Health Insurance Office Fax: (831) 459 Center visits for care of illness or injury · Unlimited in-house Student Health Center laboratory tests.edu/healthcenter For students waiving the university sponsored health insurance UCSC offers CruzCare, an inexpensive pre

Belanger, David P.

287

Social Vulnerability to Coastal and Inland Flood Hazards: A Comparison of GIS-Based Spatial Interpolation Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous research on exposure to flood hazards suggests that individuals characterized by low social vulnerability are more likely to reside in coastal flood hazard zones than individuals of higher social vulnerability, but few studies have examined ... Keywords: Areal Interpolation, Coastal Hazards, Dasymetric Mapping, Environmental Justice, Flood, Geographic Information Systems GIS, Risk, Vulnerability

Marilyn C. Montgomery, Jayajit Chakraborty

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Short communication: A GIS-based decision support system for integrated flood management under uncertainty with two dimensional numerical simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new decision support system has been developed for integrated flood management within the framework of ArcGIS based on realistic two dimensional flood simulations. This system has the ability to interact with and use classified Remote Sensing (RS) ... Keywords: 2D simulation, ArcGIS, Census block, Decision support system, Integrated flood management, Remote sensing

Honghai Qi; M. S. Altinakar

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

The Australian Great Flood of 1954: Estimating the Cost of a Similar Event in 2011  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As in many other parts of the globe, migration to the coast and rapid regional development in Australia is resulting in large concentrations of population and insured assets. One of the most rapidly growing regions is southeastern Queensland and ...

Kevin M. Roche; K. John McAneney; Keping Chen; Ryan P. Crompton

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

NEXT GENERATION SURFACTANTS FOR IMPROVED CHEMICAL FLOODING TECHNOLOGY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NEXT GENERATION SURFACTANTS NEXT GENERATION SURFACTANTS FOR IMPROVED CHEMICAL FLOODING TECHNOLOGY FINAL REPORT June 1, 2010 - May 31, 2012 Laura L Wesson, Prapas Lohateeraparp, Jeffrey H. Harwell, and Bor-Jier Shiau October 2012 DE-FE0003537 University of Oklahoma Norman, OK 73019-0430 ii DISCLAIMER This report is prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name,

291

Next Generation Surfactants for Improved Chemical Flooding Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The principle objective of this project was to characterize and test current and next generation high performance surfactants for improved chemical flooding technology, focused on reservoirs in the Pennsylvanian-aged (Penn) sands. In order to meet this objective the characteristic curvatures (Cc) of twenty-eight anionic surfactants selected for evaluation for use in chemical flooding formulations were determined. The Cc values ranged from -6.90 to 2.55 with the majority having negative values. Crude oil samples from nine Penn sand reservoirs were analyzed for several properties pertinent to surfactant formulation for EOR application. These properties included equivalent alkane carbon numbers, total acid numbers, and viscosity. The brine samples from these same reservoirs were analyzed for several cations and for total dissolved solids. Surfactant formulations were successfully developed for eight reservoirs by the end of the project period. These formulations were comprised of a tertiary mixture of anionic surfactants. The identities of these surfactants are considered proprietary, but suffice to say the surfactants in each mixture were comprised of varying chemical structures. In addition to the successful development of surfactant formulations for EOR, there were also two successful single-well field tests conducted. There are many aspects that must be considered in the development and implementation of effective surfactant formulations. Taking into account these other aspects, there were four additional studies conducted during this project. These studies focused on the effect of the stability of surfactant formulations in the presence of polymers with an associated examination of polymer rheology, the effect of the presence of iron complexes in the brine on surfactant stability, the potential use of sacrificial agents in order to minimize the loss of surfactant to adsorption, and the effect of electrolytes on surfactant adsorption. In these last four studies the effects of such things as temperature, electrolyte concentration and the effect of different types of electrolytes were taken into consideration.

Laura Wesson; Prapas Lohateeraparp; Jeffrey Harwell; Bor-Jier Shiau

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

292

Scale-up of miscible flood processes. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

Results of a wide-ranging investigation of the scaling of the physical mechanisms of miscible floods are reported. Advanced techniques for analysis of crude oils are considered in Chapter 2. Application of supercritical fluid chromatography is demonstrated for characterization of crude oils for equation-of-state calculations of phase equilibrium. Results of measurements of crude oil and phase compositions by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry are also reported. The theory of development of miscibility is considered in detail in Chapter 3. The theory is extended to four components, and sample solutions for a variety of gas injection systems are presented. The analytical theory shows that miscibility can develop even though standard tie-line extension criteria developed for ternary systems are not satisfied. In addition, the theory includes the first analytical solutions for condensing/vaporizing gas drives. In Chapter 4, methods for simulation of viscous fingering are considered. The scaling of the growth of transition zones in linear viscous fingering is considered. In addition, extension of the models developed previously to three dimensions is described, as is the inclusion of effects of equilibrium phase behavior. In Chapter 5, the combined effects of capillary and gravity-driven crossflow are considered. The experimental results presented show that very high recovery can be achieved by gravity segregation when interfacial tensions are moderately low. We argue that such crossflow mechanisms are important in multicontact miscible floods in heterogeneous reservoirs. In addition, results of flow visualization experiments are presented that illustrate the interplay of crossflow driven by gravity with that driven by viscous forces.

Orr, F.M. Jr.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Rates & Repayment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environmental Review-NEPA Financial Data Operations Planning & Projects Power Marketing Rates Rate Adjustments Transmission Ancillary Services Rates WAPA-137 Rate Order Environmental Review-NEPA Financial Data Operations Planning & Projects Power Marketing Rates Rate Adjustments Transmission Ancillary Services Rates WAPA-137 Rate Order Rates and Repayment Services Rates Current and Historical Rate Information Collbran Power Rates CRSP Power Rates CRSP Transmission System Rates CRSP Management Center interest rates Falcon-Amistad Power Rates Provo River Power Rates Rio Grande Power Rates Seedskadee Power Rates SLCA/IP Power Rates Rate Schedules & Supplemental Rate Information Current Rates for Firm Power, Firm & Non-firm Transmission Service, & Ancillary Services Current Transmission & Ancillary Services Rates Tariffs Components of the SLCA/IP Existing Firm Power Rate Cost Recovery Charge (CRC) Page MOA Concerning the Upper Colorado River Basin

294

Audit of the Department of Energy's Contractor Liability Insurance Costs, IG-0396  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL AUDIT OF DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY'S CONTRACTOR LIABILITY INSURANCE COSTS The Office of Inspector General wants to make the distribution of its reports as customer friendly and cost effective as possible. Therefore, this report will be available electronically through the Internet five to seven days after publication at the following alternative addresses:

295

UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS SYSTEM EMPLOYEE GROUP INSURANCE REQUEST FOR AN EXCEPTION TO ZIP CODE ELIGIBILITY RULES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5/31/00 UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS SYSTEM EMPLOYEE GROUP INSURANCE REQUEST FOR AN EXCEPTION TO ZIP CODE.021 and 552.023 of the Texas Government Code, you are entitled to receive and review this information. Under Section 559.004 of the Texas Government Code, you are entitled to have U.T. San Antonio correct

Jiménez, Daniel A.

296

Fuzzy-probabilistic multi agent system for breast cancer risk assessment and insurance premium assignment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present an agent-based system for distributed risk assessment of breast cancer development employing fuzzy and probabilistic computing. The proposed fuzzy multi agent system consists of multiple fuzzy agents that benefit from fuzzy ... Keywords: Breast cancer, Fuzzy probability, Fuzzy-probabilistic multi agent system, Insurance premium, Uncertainty

Farzaneh Tatari; Mohammad-R. Akbarzadeh-T; Ahmad Sabahi

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

STATE SELF-INSURANCE CLAIM REPORT FORM For State Agencies Use Only  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STATE SELF-INSURANCE CLAIM REPORT FORM For State Agencies Use Only READ INSTRUCTIONS ON REVERSE BEFORE COMPLETING THIS FORM PLEASE PRINT OR TYPE Agency Agency Number Agency Address City State Zip AgencyAgencyAgencyAgency State Employee Involved Daytime Phone Date of Incident Time a.m. p.m. Building

Tullos, Desiree

298

Development of cost-effective surfactant flooding technology. Quarterly report, April 1995--June 1995  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this research is to develop cost-effective surfactant flooding technology by using surfactant simulation studies to evaluate and optimize alternative design strategies taking into account reservoir characteristics, process chemistry, and process design options such as horizontal wells. Task 1 is the development of an improved numerical method for our simulator that will enable us to solve a wider class of these difficult simulation problems, accurately and affordably. Task 2 is the application of this simulator to the optimization of surfactant flooding to reduce its risk and cost. The objective of Task 2 is to investigate and evaluate, through a systematic simulation study, surfactant flooding processes that are cost-effective. We previously have reported on low tension polymer flooding as an alternative to classical surfactant/polymer flooding. In this reporting period, we have studied the potential of improving the efficiency of surfactant/polymer flooding by coinjecting an alkali agent such as sodium carbonate under realistic reservoir conditions and process behavior. The alkaline/surfactant/polymer (ASP) flood attempts to take advantage of high pH fluids to reduce the amount of surfactant needed by the chemical reactions between injection fluid and formation fluid or formation rocks.

Pope, G.A.; Sepehrnoori, K.; Jessen, F.W.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

299

Evaluation of target oil in 50 major reservoirs in the Texas Gulf Coast for enhanced oil recovery. [Steam injection, in-situ combustion, CO/sub 2/ flood, surfactant flood, and polymer flood  

SciTech Connect

This investigation determines the target oil available for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) from 50 major oil reservoirs in the Texas Gulf Coast. A preliminary screening process was used to determine which of five EOR methods, if any, were suitable for each of these reservoirs. Target oil in the 50 reservoirs is estimated to be 4.4 billion barrels of oil unrecoverable under present operating conditions, with about 1.5 billion barrels susceptible to EOR processes. None of the reservoirs have an outstanding potential for thermal recovery; however, seven reservoirs have carbon dioxide miscible flood potential, seven haven surfactant flood potential, and nine have polymer flood potential. None of the five methods was considered suitable for the remaining 27 reservoirs.

Hicks, J.N.; Foster, R.S.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Design-Basis Flood Estimation for Site Characterization at Nuclear Power Plants in the United States of America  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to describe approaches and methods for estimation of the design-basis flood at nuclear power plant sites. Chapter 1 defines the design-basis flood and lists the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) regulations that require estimation of the design-basis flood. For comparison, the design-basis flood estimation methods used by other Federal agencies are also described. A brief discussion of the recommendations of the International Atomic Energy Agency for estimation of the design-basis floods in its member States is also included.

Prasad, Rajiv; Hibler, Lyle F.; Coleman, Andre M.; Ward, Duane L.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood insurance rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Data Center Rating Infrastructure Rating Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DRAFT - November 2009 DRAFT - November 2009 No- and Low-Cost Energy-Saving Tips for Multifamily Housing Common Areas Utility costs are typically the largest controllable operating expense in multifamily housing communities. Strategic energy management practices can greatly reduce these costs, increasing net operating income. ENERGY STAR partners have found the following no- and low-cost measures to be effective in reducing energy consumption and operating expenses. Replace all incandescent bulbs, flood lights, and decorative spot lights with ENERGY STAR qualified compact fluorescents. Replacing one 60 watt incandescent bulb with a 13-watt CFL will save $56 in energy costs over the CFL's lifetime (at $0.12/kWh). In addition, CFLs reduce

302

Planning and implementing a large-scale polymer flood  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The motive for the Eliasville polymerflood originated while planning a waterflood in this light oil, limestone reservoir. Adverse reservoir waterflood characteristics were identified prior to unitization and laboratory work was undertaken to demonstrate the benefits of reducing water mobility by increasing water vicosity with several different polyacrylamides. Computer simulations incorporating polymer properties from laboratory work and known Caddo waterflood performance were used to design the polymerflood. Three injection tests were conducted to determine polymer injectivity. Pressure transient tests were used to measure the in-situ polymer viscosity. One of the injection tests included an off-pattern producing well which permitted an estimation of polymer retention and incremental oil recovery in a short time. Based on the injection tests and simulation work a large scale polymer project was implemented. The optimum slug size required 30,000,000 lb of emulsion polymer. Facilities used to mix and feed this large amount of polymer are described. A low-shear polymer flow control method was developed to insure maximum fluid viscosity at the formation perforations. Product specifications were verified prior to accepting delivery and injection fluid quality was monitored in laboratories constructed for the project. Early production response to field wide polymer injection is comparable to that observed at the off-pattern producing well during the injection test. While the early field response is encouraging, the effects of salt water injection on slug integrity and increased pattern size on oil recovery are still to be determined.

Weiss, W.W.; Baldwin, R.W.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Mesoscale Processes Contributing to Extreme Rainfall in a Midlatitude Warm-Season Flash Flood  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations and numerical simulations are used to investigate the atmospheric processes that led to extreme rainfall and resultant destructive flash flooding in eastern Missouri on 6–7 May 2000. In this event, a quasi-stationary mesoscale ...

Russ S. Schumacher; Richard H. Johnson

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

After the flood : crisis, voice and innovation in Maputo's solid waste management sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores responses to the problem of solid waste management (SWM) in two neighborhoods of Maputo, Mozambique in the wake of catastrophic flooding in 2000. In these neighborhoods, small-scale service providers ...

Kruks-Wisner, Gabrielle (Gabrielle K.)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Anomalous North Pacific Atmospheric Circulation and Large Winter Floods in the Southwestern United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Specific anomalous atmospheric circulation conditions over the North Pacific are conducive to the occurrence of the largest winter floods (?10-yr return period) on rivers in six hydroclimatic subregions of Arizona and southern Utah, Nevada, and ...

Lisa L. Ely; Yehouda Enzel; Daniel R. Cayan

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Sensitivities of a Flash Flood Event over Catalonia: A Numerical Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 9 and 10 June 2000, the northeastern part of the Iberian Peninsula was affected by heavy rains that produced severe floods over densely populated areas. The zones most affected were the provinces of Tarragona and Barcelona, located in the ...

A. Martín; R. Romero V; A. De Luque; S. Alonso; T. Rigo; M. C. Llasat

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Maintenance of Circulation Anomalies during the 1988 Drought and 1993 Floods over the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The large-scale circulation anomalies associated with the 1988 drought and the 1993 floods are investigated with the National Centers for Environmental Prediction Reanalysis data and a linear stationary wave model. The transient vorticity and ...

Alan Z. Liu; Mingfang Ting; Hailan Wang

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

CONUS-wide Evaluation of National Weather Service Flash Flood Guidance Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study quantifies the skill of the National Weather Service’s (NWS) Flash Flood Guidance (FFG) product. Generated by River Forecast Centers (RFCs) across the US, local NWS Weather Forecast Offices compare estimated and forecast rainfall to FFG ...

Robert A. Clark; Jonathan J. Gourley; Zachary L. Flamig; Yang Hong; Edward Clark

309

Simulating Typhoon Floods with Gauge Data and Mesoscale-Modeled Rainfall in a Mountainous Watershed  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A physically based distributed hydrological model was applied to simulate typhoon floods over a mountainous watershed in Taiwan. The meteorological forcings include the observed gauge rainfall data and the predicted rainfall data from a mesoscale ...

Ming-Hsu Li; Ming-Jen Yang; Ruitang Soong; Hsiao-Ling Huang

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Flood Risk Management Newsletter 1 March 2011 vol 4 no 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Treatment, and Public Health Workshop held in Baku, Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan has had devastating floods the US Embassy in Azerbaijan came after a workshop presented to member countries of the International

US Army Corps of Engineers

311

Hazards to Electrical Distribution in Coastal Areas Subject to Flooding and High Wind  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI, Dewberry and Davis, and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) have jointly prepared this study on hazards to electrical distribution in coastal areas that experience coastal and river flooding and high wind.

2000-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

312

Extended-Range Probabilistic Forecasts of Ganges and Brahmaputra Floods in Bangladesh  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors have developed a new extended-range flood forecasting system for large river basins that uses satellite data and statistically rendered probabilistic weather and climate predictions to initialize basin-scale hydrological models. The ...

Peter J. Webster; Jun Jian; Thomas M. Hopson; Carlos D. Hoyos; Paula A. Agudelo; Hai-Ru Chang; Judith A. Curry; Robert L. Grossman; Timothy N. Palmer; A. R. Subbiah

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Facts about FEMA Household Disaster Aid: Examining the 2008 Floods and Tornadoes in Missouri  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Very little empirical work has been done on disaster aid in the United States. This paper examines postdisaster grants to households from the Federal Emergency Management Agency in the state of Missouri in 2008, when the state experienced flooding,...

Carolyn Kousky

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Sacrificial adsorbate for surfactants utilized in chemical floods of enhanced oil recovery operations  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to a sacrificial or competitive adsorbate for surfactants contained in chemical flooding emulsions for enhanced oil recovery operations. The adsorbate to be utilized in the method of the present invention is a caustic effluent from the bleach stage or the weak black liquor from the digesters and pulp washers of the kraft pulping process. This effluent or weak black liquor is injected into an oil-bearing subterranean earth formation prior to or concurrent with the chemical flood emulsion and is adsorbed on the active mineral surfaces of the formation matrix so as to effectively reduce adsorption of surfactant in the chemical flood. Alternatively, the effluent or liquor can be injected into the subterranean earth formation subsequent to a chemical flood to displace the surfactant from the mineral surfaces for the recovery thereof.

Johnson, Jr., James S. (Oak Ridge, TN); Westmoreland, Clyde G. (Rockwood, TN)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

On the Meteorological Mechanisms Driving Postfire Flash Floods: A Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes work to improve the understanding of the broad range of factors affecting the occurrence of postfire flooding, with emphasis on an event that occurred in the Alpine Shire, Victoria, Australia, in 2003. Analysis and mesoscale ...

Lee Tryhorn; Amanda Lynch; Rebecca Abramson; Kevin Parkyn

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

A Numerical Investigation of Storm Structure and Evolution during the July 1999 Las Vegas Flash Flood  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Severe flash flood storms that occurred in Las Vegas, Nevada, on 8 July 1999, were unusual for the semiarid southwest United States because of their extreme intensity and the morning occurrence of heavy convective rainfall. This event was ...

J. Li; R. A. Maddox; X. Gao; S. Sorooshian; K. Hsu

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Social and hydrological responses to extreme precipitations: An interdisciplinary strategy for post-flood investigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes and illustrates a methodology to conduct post-flood investigations based on interdisciplinary collaboration between social and physical scientists. The method, designed to explore the link between crisis behavioral response ...

Isabelle Ruin; Céline Lutoff; Brice Boudevillain; Jean-Dominique Creutin; S. Anquetin; M. Bertran Rojo; L. Boissier; L. Bonnifait; M. Borga; L. Colbeau-Justin; L. Creton-Cazanave; G. Delrieu; J. Douvinet; E. Gaume; E. Gruntfest; J.-P. Naulin; O. Payrastre; O. Vannier

318

Flash Flood Forecasting for Small Urban Watersheds in the Baltimore Metropolitan Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The utility of distributed hydrologic models in combination with high-resolution Weather Surveillance Radar-1988 Doppler (WSR-88D) rainfall estimates for flash flood forecasting in urban drainage basins is examined through model simulations of 10 ...

Julie Rose N. Javier; James A. Smith; Katherine L. Meierdiercks; Mary Lynn Baeck; Andrew J. Miller

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Climatological Analyses of Thunderstorms and Flash Floods in the Baltimore Metropolitan Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The climatology of thunderstorms and flash floods in the Baltimore, Maryland, metropolitan region is examined through analyses of cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning observations from the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) and discharge ...

Alexandros A. Ntelekos; James A. Smith; Witold F. Krajewski

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

WRF Model Simulation of Two Alberta Flooding Events and the Impact of Topography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines simulations of two flooding events in Alberta, Canada, during June 2005, made using the Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF). The model was used in a manner readily accessible to nonmeteorologists (e.g., accepting ...

Thomas K. Flesch; Gerhard W. Reuter

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood insurance rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

The 21 June 1997 Flood: Storm-Scale Simulations and Implications for Operational Forecasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 20–21 June 1997, a convective outbreak in Nebraska, Iowa, Illinois, and Wisconsin resulted in two fatalities, eight injuries, and approximately $104 million in damage. The majority of the damage ($92 million) was the result of flooding in ...

Paul J. Roebber; John Eise

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Quantitative Flood Forecasting on Small- and Medium-Sized Basins: A Probabilistic Approach for Operational Purposes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The forecast of rainfall-driven floods is one of the main themes of analysis in hydrometeorology and a critical issue for civil protection systems. This work describes a complete hydrometeorological forecast system for small- and medium-sized ...

Francesco Silvestro; Nicola Rebora; Luca Ferraris

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

A Simple Predictive Tool for Lower Brahmaputra River Basin Monsoon Flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Brahmaputra River of South Asia is the fourth largest river in the world in terms of annual discharge. The lower Brahmaputra River basin is susceptible to catastrophic flooding with major social, economic, and public health impacts. There is ...

Shithi Kamal-Heikman; Louis A. Derry; Jery R. Stedinger; Christopher C. Duncan

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

A Regional Response to Climate Information Needs during the 1993 Flood  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effective responses by government agencies, businesses, and private industry to climate disasters such as the disastrous Mississippi River flood of 1993 hinge on the regional availability of diverse up-to-date weather, climate, and water ...

Kenneth E. Kunkel; Stanley A. Changnon; Steven E. Hollinger; Beth C. Reinke; Wayne M. Wendland; James R. Angel

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Sacrificial adsorbate for surfactants utilized in chemical floods of enhanced oil recovery operations  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to a sacrificial or competitive adsorbate for surfactants contained in chemical flooding emulsions for enhanced oil recovery operations. The adsorbate to be utilized in the method of the present invention is a caustic effluent from the bleach stage or the weak black liquor from the digesters and pulp washers of the kraft pulping process. This effluent or weak black liquor is injected into an oil-bearing subterranean earth formation prior to or concurrent with the chemical flood emulsion and is adsorbed on the active mineral surfaces of the formation matrix so as to effectively reduce adsorption of surfactant in the chemical flood. Alternatively, the effluent or liquor can be injected into the subterranean earth formation subsequent to a chemical flood to displace the surfactant from the mineral surfaces for the recovery thereof.

Johnson, J.S. Jr.; Westmoreland, C.G.

1980-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

326

An automated system to detect flash floods and alert at-risk communities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes an automated monitoring station designed to detect flash floods occurring in the Rio Aguan river basin, Honduras. An Atmel microcontroller polls a series of sensors in the river, logging all data for ...

Weaver, Joshua A., 1978-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Experimental development of a chemical flood and the geochemistry of novel alkalis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Surfactant-Polymer (SP) and Alkaline-Surfactant-Polymer (ASP) floods are tertiary oil recovery processes that mobilize residual oil to waterflood. These Chemical EOR processes are most valuable when… (more)

Winters, Matthew Howard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

A Free-Flooding Acoustical Resonator for Measurement of Bubble Size Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An instrument for the measurement of bubble size distributions is described. The sensing element exploits the free-flooding resonator design of Medwin with modifications to overcome the limitations in the original implementation, especially those ...

David M. Farmer; Svein Vagle; A. Donald Booth

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

The April 1990 Floods over Eastern Australia: Synoptic Description and Assessment of Regional NWP Guidance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Between 17 and 22 April 1990 widespread flooding occurred throughout Queensland, New South Wales, and Victoria, with several record rainfalls recorded. This paper investigates the forcing of the rainfall, assesses the quality of the operational ...

Graham A. Mills; Ian Russell

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

A Geographic Primitive-Based Bayesian Framework to Predict Cyclone-Induced Flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effectiveness of managing cyclone-induced floods is highly dependent on how fast reasonably accurate predictions can be made, which is a particularly difficult task given the multitude of highly variable physical factors. Even with ...

Isuri Wijesundera; Malka N. Halgamuge; Thas Nirmalathas; Thrishantha Nanayakkara

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Extension of generalized Dykstra-Parsons technique to polymer flooding in stratified porous media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an analytical solution for oil recovery from a stratified reservoir during a polymer flood. Although the model used in the derivation does not incorporate several of the mechanisms and characteristics of a actual polymer-flooding displacement process, the analytical solution provides some interesting information concerning the effects of slug sizes, gelling, and permeability reduction. Computational costs are very small for the program.

Mahfoudhl, J. (Univ. of Pittsburgh, PA (US)); Enick, B.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Green River Formation Water Flood Demonstration Project. Annual report, April 1, 1994--March 31, 1995  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The successful water flood of the Green River Formation in the Monument Butte unit was analyzed in detail in the last yearly report. It was shown that primary recovery and the water flood in the unit were typical of oil production from an undersaturated oil reservoir close its bubble point. The reservoir performance of the smaller Travis unit was also analyzed. The Monument Butte unit is currently producing at around 300 barrels per day of oil. Two of the new wells drilled in the unit had zones pressurized by the water flood. The third well produced from pressurized as well as from zones which were unaffected by the water flood. The water flood response of the Travis unit is slow possibly due to problems of reservoir continuity. Plans for water flooding the Boundary unit were drawn. Core description and Formation Micro Imaging log of well 14a-28 provided insight about the important Lower Douglas Creek sandstone. It was determined that this sandstone was extensively fractured and detailed fracture characteristics were obtained through comprehensive interpretation of the FMI log. Reservoir modeling and simulation studies of all the three units were also continued. A larger, more detailed model of the Monument Butte unit was built in order to study the performance of the new development wells being drilled. Three alternate models developed to explain the performance of the Travis flood revealed that intersecting hydraulic fractures may have also provided paths for water channeling observed in this unit. The reservoir characterization activities identified new reservoirs in the Travis unit. Reservoir simulations helped design an injection program in Travis, unit expansion plans on the west and north sides of the Monument Butte until and to evaluate the infill drilling. The reservoir simulations are being used to examine the role of the aquifer underlying the oil bearing D2 sandstone in Boundary on water flood strategies and injection patterns.

Lomax, J.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Horizontal well improves oil recovery from polymer flood--  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Horizontal drilling associated with an injection scheme appears to be highly promising for obtaining additional oil recovery. Horizontal well CR 163H, in the Chateaurenard field is discussed. It demonstrated that a thin unconsolidated sand can be successfully drilled and cased. The productivity index (PI) of the well was much greater than vertical wells, and an unproduced oil bank was successfully intersected. On the negative side, it was necessary to pump low in a very deviated part of the well, and the drilling cost was high compared to an onshore vertical well. CR 163H was the fifth and probably most difficult horizontal well drilled by Elf Aquitaine. Located within a polymer-flood project, the target was a 7-m thick sand reservoir at a vertical depth of 590:0080 m. In this inverted seven-spot configuration with one injector in the center and six producers at a distance of 400 m, a polymer solution was injected from 1977 to 1983, followed by water injection.

Bruckert, L. (Elf Aquitaine, Boussens, (FR))

1989-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

334

Probability Distribution of Precipitation Extremes for Weather Index–Based Insurance in the Zhujiang River Basin, South China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a changing climate, understanding the frequency of weather extremes is crucial to improving the management of the associated risks. The concept of weather index–based insurance is introduced as a new approach in weather risk adaptation. It can ...

Thomas Fischer; Buda Su; Yong Luo; Thomas Scholten

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

An Exploratory Analysis of Crop Hail Insurance Data for Evidence of Cloud Seeding Effects in North Dakota  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The basis for the cloud seeding operations of the North Dakota Cloud Modification Project (NDCMP) is first outlined. Then the multiresponse permutation procedures are applied in an analysis of crop hail insurance data for the NDCMP target area ...

Paul L. Smith; L. Ronald Johnson; David L. Priegnitz; Bruce A. Boe; Paul W. Mielke Jr.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Maintenance and Insurance Options for Managing Technical Risks in Combustion Turbine Projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Costs for combustion turbine maintenance typically represent over half of the total non-fuel operation and maintenance (O&M) costs for combined-cycle power plants. Technical risks in component durability and integrity expose owners/operators to higher costs for maintaining units in operating condition. Potentially catastrophic events have occurred that have required significant maintenance expenditures to cover costs of component repair and replacement. This report looks at aspects of insurance and long-...

2010-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

337

Record Flood-Producing Rainstorms of 17–18 July 1996 in the Chicago Metropolitan Area. Part III: Impacts and Responses to the Flash Flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A record-breaking 24-h rainstorm on 17–18 July 1996 was centered on south Chicago and its southern and western suburbs, areas with a population of 3.4 million. The resulting flash flooding in Chicago and 21 suburbs broke all-time records in the ...

Stanley A. Changnon

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Evaluation of mixed surfactants for improved chemical flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Phase behavior studies were conducted using combinations of a primary surfactant component and several ethoxylated surfactants. The objective of the study is to evaluate combinations of surfactants, anionic-nonionic and anionic-anionic mixtures, that would yield favorable phase behavior and solubilization capacity. The dependence of the solution behavior on the additive surfactant structure, surfactant type, oil, surfactant proportion, salinity, HLB, and temperature was observed. The results showed that the ethoxylated surfactants can improve the solution behavior of the overall system. The increase in optimum salinity range of these solutions corresponded to an increase in the degree of ethoxylation of additive surfactant, up to a certain limit. The nonionic surfactant additives yielded much higher salinities compared to the results from the ethoxylated anionics tested. The proportion of surfactant component in solution was critical in achieving a balance between the solubilization capacity and the enhancement in the system`s salinity tolerance. Some combinations of these types of surfactants showed improved solution behavior with favorable solubilization capacity. The phase inversion temperature (PIT) method has been shown to be a relatively fast method for screening candidate surfactant systems. Comparisons were made using both the conventional salinity scan and the PIT method on selected chemical systems. The results showed good agreement between the salinity regions determined using both methods. A difference in the dependence of optimal salinity on HLB was observed for the different nonionics tested. The linear alkyl alcohol ethoxylates exhibited a behavior distinct from the dialkyl phenols at similar HLB levels with and without the primary sulfonate component in the solution. Other experiments performed at NIPER have shown that surfactant-enhanced alkaline flooding has good potential for the recovery of oil from Naval Petroleum Reserve Number 3 (NPR No. 3).

Llave, F.M.; French, T.R.; Lorenz, P.B.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Evaluation of mixed surfactants for improved chemical flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Phase behavior studies were conducted using combinations of a primary surfactant component and several ethoxylated surfactants. The objective of the study is to evaluate combinations of surfactants, anionic-nonionic and anionic-anionic mixtures, that would yield favorable phase behavior and solubilization capacity. The dependence of the solution behavior on the additive surfactant structure, surfactant type, oil, surfactant proportion, salinity, HLB, and temperature was observed. The results showed that the ethoxylated surfactants can improve the solution behavior of the overall system. The increase in optimum salinity range of these solutions corresponded to an increase in the degree of ethoxylation of additive surfactant, up to a certain limit. The nonionic surfactant additives yielded much higher salinities compared to the results from the ethoxylated anionics tested. The proportion of surfactant component in solution was critical in achieving a balance between the solubilization capacity and the enhancement in the system's salinity tolerance. Some combinations of these types of surfactants showed improved solution behavior with favorable solubilization capacity. The phase inversion temperature (PIT) method has been shown to be a relatively fast method for screening candidate surfactant systems. Comparisons were made using both the conventional salinity scan and the PIT method on selected chemical systems. The results showed good agreement between the salinity regions determined using both methods. A difference in the dependence of optimal salinity on HLB was observed for the different nonionics tested. The linear alkyl alcohol ethoxylates exhibited a behavior distinct from the dialkyl phenols at similar HLB levels with and without the primary sulfonate component in the solution. Other experiments performed at NIPER have shown that surfactant-enhanced alkaline flooding has good potential for the recovery of oil from Naval Petroleum Reserve Number 3 (NPR No. 3).

Llave, F.M.; French, T.R.; Lorenz, P.B.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Two-Phase Hydraulics State Identification using linear and non-linear time series analysis: Distillation Column Flooding Sensor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A novel sensor to detect and predict hydraulic flooding in the distillation column was developed in this research. High speed (1000 Hz) differential pressure data… (more)

Patel, Alok Maheshbhai

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood insurance rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Investigation of Containment Flooding Strategy for Mark-III Nuclear Power Plant with MAAP4  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Containment flooding is an important strategy for severe accident management of a conventional boiling water reactor (BWR) system. The purpose of this work is to investigate the containment flooding strategy of the Mark-III system after a reactor pressure vessel (RPV) breach. The Kuosheng Power Plant is a typical BWR-6 nuclear power plant (NPP) with Mark-III containment. The Severe Accident Management Guideline (SAMG) of the Kuosheng NPP has been developed based on the BWR Owners Group (BWROG) Emergency Procedure and Severe Accident Guidelines, Rev. 2. Therefore, the Kuosheng NPP is selected as the plant for study, and the MAAP4 code is chosen as the tool for analysis. A postulated specific station blackout sequence for the Kuosheng NPP is cited as a reference case for this analysis. Because of the design features of Mark-III containment, the debris in the reactor cavity may not be submerged after an RPV breach when one follows the containment flooding strategy as suggested in the BWROG generic guideline, and the containment integrity could be challenged eventually. A more specific containment flooding strategy with drywell venting after an RPV breach is investigated, and a more stable plant condition is achieved with this strategy. Accordingly, the containment flooding strategy after an RPV breach will be modified for the Kuosheng SAMG, and these results are applicable to typical Mark-III plants with drywell vent path.

Su Weinian; Wang, S.-J.; Chiang, S.-C

2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

342

Riparian forest disturbances by a mountain flood -- the influence of floated wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large floods can have major impacts on riparian forests. Here we examine the variability and spatial distribution of riparian forest responses along eight third- to fifth-order streams following a large flood ( 100 year recurrence interval) in the Cascade Mountain Range of Oregon. We categorized disturbance intensity (physical force) exerted on riparian trees during floods into three classes: (i) purely fluvial (high water flow only); (ii) ¯uvial supplemented by dispersed pieces of floating wood (uncongested wood transport); (iii) fluvial with movement of batches of wood (congested wood transport). These types of material transport and associated classes of disturbance intensity resulted in a gradient of biotic responses of disturbance severity ranging from standing riparian trees inundated by high water, to trees toppled but still partially rooted, to complete removal of trees. High within-stream and among stream responses were inflenced by pre-flood stream and riparian conditions as well as flood dynamics, especially the availability of individual pieces or congested batches of wood. Fluvial disturbance alone toppled fewer riparian trees than in reaches where floodwaters transported substantial amounts of wood. Debris flows delivered additional wood and sediment to parts of reaches of four of these study streams; riparian trees were removed and toppled for up to 1 5 km downstream of the debris flow tributary channel. Congested wood transport resulted in higher frequency of toppled trees and greater deposition of new wood levees along channel margins. The condition of the landscape at the time of a major ¯ood strongly influenced

Sherri L. Johnson; Frederick J. Swanson; Gordon E. Grant; Steven M. Wondzell

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Observation, prediction, and analysis of a laboratory two-well chemical flood  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The simple scaling approach used here describes chemical flood performance in a novel unconfined laboratory flood monitored by a microwave saturation scanner. An unconfined two-well geometry was chosen for study because it provided a severe test of the simple streamtube flow description employed. Ten curvilinear unit mobility streamtubes were employed to describe flow in the laboratory experiment. Predictions of 2-propanol saturations measured during miscible injections in the two-well model were compared to observations to check the validity of the streamtube net. Expected effects of the two-well geometry on oil recovery from the laboratory model are discussed in light of the large variation in size of the individual streamtubes in the flow description. Oil saturation profiles were measured during a linear chemical flood involving injection of a small surfactant slug followed by a small polymer slug and continuous drive brine. These S /SUB o/ profiles were then scaled along the unit mobility streamtube net. Oil saturation contours, endpoint conditions, oil breakthrough time, and oil production history predictions were made. Comparison of these predictions to the observed performance of the eight day chemical flood carried out in the large two-well model indicate that the scaling concept can be used to model this type of flood. The fixed streamtube description served as a useful first approximation for the unconfined pattern geometry even in the presence of observable crossflow between streamtubes.

Haskin, H.K.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

1D simulation of polymer flooding including the viscoelastic effect of polymer solution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports that simple simulation models are constructed to predict the performance of 1D polymer flooding. In the models, two phases of oil and polymer solution were assumed to be immiscible with each other. Because the displacing fluid was non-Newtonian, the Buckley-Leverett equation could be modified and a new approach developed to calculate fractional-flow curves. The rheological behavior of polymer solution was modeled with an Ellis type model and a viscoelastic model. To verify the models, two 1D flooding experiments were carried out on 2.8-cm-diameter, 47-cm-long, unconsolidated cores packed with glass beads (70/100 mesh). Porosities of the cores are about 37% and permeabilities are around 26{mu}m{sup 2}. Two white mineral oils of viscosities 25 and 60 mPa {center dot} s and a 200-ppm polyacrylamide solution were used. In each experiment, polymer flooding was done after waterflooding. Initial water saturation was controlled to be almost the same at the start of each flood. The calculated polymer-flooding performances were compared with experimental data. On the other hand, the viscoelastic model predicted fractional-flow curves, oil recovery performances, and breakthrough times of the experiments very well. The viscoelastic effect of polymer solution is thought to play an important role in the improvement of oil recovery.

Masuda, Y.; Tang, K.C.; Miyazawa, M.; Tanaka, S. (Univ. of Tokyo (JP))

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Single well surfactant test to evaluate surfactant floods using multi tracer method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Data useful for evaluating the effectiveness of or designing an enhanced recovery process said process involving mobilizing and moving hydrocarbons through a hydrocarbon bearing subterranean formation from an injection well to a production well by injecting a mobilizing fluid into the injection well, comprising (a) determining hydrocarbon saturation in a volume in the formation near a well bore penetrating formation, (b) injecting sufficient mobilizing fluid to mobilize and move hydrocarbons from a volume in the formation near the well bore, and (c) determining the hydrocarbon saturation in a volume including at least a part of the volume of (b) by an improved single well surfactant method comprising injecting 2 or more slugs of water containing the primary tracer separated by water slugs containing no primary tracer. Alternatively, the plurality of ester tracers can be injected in a single slug said tracers penetrating varying distances into the formation wherein the esters have different partition coefficients and essentially equal reaction times. The single well tracer method employed is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 3,623,842. This method designated the single well surfactant test (SWST) is useful for evaluating the effect of surfactant floods, polymer floods, carbon dioxide floods, micellar floods, caustic floods and the like in subterranean formations in much less time and at much reduced cost compared to conventional multiwell pilot tests.

Sheely, Clyde Q. (Ponca City, OK)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Resource Management Services: Land Use, Part 501: Use of Flood Control  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services: Land Use, Part 501: Use of Flood Services: Land Use, Part 501: Use of Flood Control Lands (New York) Resource Management Services: Land Use, Part 501: Use of Flood Control Lands (New York) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New York Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider

347

Tertiary application of a hydrocarbon miscible flood; Rainbow Keg River B Pool  

SciTech Connect

The Rainbow Keg River B pool EOR scheme calls for placement of a 12% (net after recycle)-original-HCPV miscible bank in the crestal region of the pool. This bank will be chased vertically downward with more than 1 PV of dry gas. The injected solvent and chase gas will push the oil/water contact (OWC) downward as the previously injected water is produced. A tertiary oil bank will be formed in the region previously occupied by the water. This paper reports tertiary flood performance, results of the 1987 reservoir simulation study, and the operational strategy and problems encountered in monitoring the flood. The well-completion technique implemented to operate the flood is described, and the scheme economics is reviewed.

Nagel, R.G.; Hunter, B.E.; Peggs, J.K.; Fong, D.K. (Husky Oil Operations Ltd., Calgary (CA)); Mazzocchi, E. (EBCO Auctioneers International Inc. (CA))

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Data Center Rating Infrastructure Rating Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Portfolio Manager on June 7, 2010. The questions below are designed to help data center owners and operators better understand the rating and benchmark their buildings in...

349

Tracking the Libor Rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Investigating the Libor Rate,” mimeo. Abrantes-Metz, R. ,Libor data: Historial 1 month Libor rates, British Bankers1108R) Tracking the Libor Rate Rosa M. Abrantes-Metz , Sofia

Abrantes-Metz, Rosa; Villas-Boas, Sofia B.; Judge, George G.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Rail Coal Transportation Rates  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

figure data Figure 7 shows the percent change in average real rates for those state-to-state ... Estimated transportation rates for coal delivered to electric ...

351

2012 Rate Adjustments  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Register Notices Meetings Brochure Brochure Addendum Customer Comment Letter Approved Rate Order FERC Confirmation If you have questions, call Rates and Repayment, 800-472-2306...

352

Effective Rate Period  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10012012 - 09302013 Mid-Year Changes (if applicable) 10012012 - 09302013 Power Rates Annual Revenue Requirement Rate Schedule Power Revenue Requirement 73,381,487...

353

Green River formation water flood demonstration project, Unita Basin, Utah. Quarterly technical progress report, January 1, 1995--March 31, 1995  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project was to understand the successful water flood in the Monument Butte unit and apply it to other units and other reservoirs. Expanding the Monument Butte Water Flood was also one of the objectives. This report provides progress in the areas of field drilling and production results and modeling the boundary unit.

Lomax, J.D.; Nielson, D.L.; Deo, M.D.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Limits to Flood Forecasting in the Colorado Front Range for Two Summer Convection Periods using Radar Nowcasting and a Distributed Hydrologic Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flood forecasting in mountain basins remains a challenge given the difficulty in accurately predicting rainfall and in representing hydrologic processes in complex terrain. This study identifies flood predictability patterns in mountain areas ...

Hernan A. Moreno; Enrique R. Vivoni; David J. Gochis

355

Limits to Flood Forecasting in the Colorado Front Range for Two Summer Convection Periods Using Radar Nowcasting and a Distributed Hydrologic Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flood forecasting in mountain basins remains a challenge given the difficulty in accurately predicting rainfall and in representing hydrologic processes in complex terrain. This study identifies flood predictability patterns in mountain areas ...

Hernan A. Moreno; Enrique R. Vivoni; David J. Gochis

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Self-Determining Forwarding Scheme for Defending against Query-Flooding Based DDoS Attacks in Unstructured Peer-to-Peer Systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A flooding-based search mechanism is commonly used in unstructured peer-to-peer systems, such as Gnutella. However, due to its flooding nature, this mechanism is vulnerable to… (more)

Chou, Kang-Hsien

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

In cooperation with the Vermont Agency of Natural Resources Department of Environmental Conservation SIMULATION OF THE EFFECTS OF STREAMBED-MANAGEMENT PRACTICES ON FLOOD LEVELS IN VERMONT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

resulted in rapid runoff and severe flooding in parts of Vermont. During the storm, streambed and streambank erosion

unknown authors

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Copula Based Stochastic Weather Generator as an Application for Crop Growth Models and Crop Insurance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stochastic Weather Generators (SWG) try to reproduce the stochastic patterns of climatological variables characterized by high dimensionality, non-normal probability density functions and non-linear dependence relationships. However, conventional SWGs usually typify weather variables with unjustified probability distributions assuming linear dependence between variables. This research proposes an alternative SWG that introduces the advantages of the Copula modeling into the reproduction of stochastic weather patterns. The Copula based SWG introduces more flexibility allowing researcher to model non-linear dependence structures independently of the marginals involved, also it is able to model tail dependence, which results in a more accurate reproduction of extreme weather events. Statistical tests on weather series simulated by the Copula based SWG show its capacity to replicate the statistical properties of the observed weather variables, along with a good performance in the reproduction of the extreme weather events. In terms of its use in crop growth models for the ratemaking process of new insurance schemes with no available historical yield data, the Copula based SWG allows one to more accurately evaluate the risk. The use of the Copula based SWG for the simulation of yields results in higher crop insurance premiums from more frequent extreme weather events, while the use of the conventional SWG for the yield estimation could lead to an underestimation of risks.

Juarez Torres, Miriam 77-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

The Johnstown Flood of July 1977: A Long-Lived Convective System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The heavy rains responsible for the disastrous flash floods new Johnstown, Pennsylvania, on the night of 19–20 July 1977 are shown to be part of a large quasi-circular mesoscale convective complex. This complex can be traced back to an origin in ...

Lance F. Bosart; Frederick Sanders

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Snowmelt-Related Flood Risk in Appalachia: First Estimates from a Historical Snow Climatology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A first attempt has been made toward quantifying the risk of snowmelt-related flooding in the central and southern Appalachian Mountains of the United States (from 35° to 42°N). In the last decade, two major events occurred within the region, ...

Daniel Y. Graybeal; Daniel J. Leathers

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood insurance rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Using hydrodynamic modeling for estimating flooding and water depths in grand bay, alabama  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a methodology for using hydrodynamic modeling to estimate inundation areas and water depths during a hurricane event. The Environmental Fluid Dynamic Code (EFDC) is used in this research. EFDC is one of the most commonly applied models ... Keywords: EFDC, flooding, grand bay, grid generation, hydrodynamics, inundation, modeling

Vladimir J. Alarcon; William H. McAnally

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Flood Risk Management Newsletter 1 June 2010 vol 3 no 4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, organization, key personnel, and some ongoing programs and activities Table of Contents Periodic Inspections of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), other Federal agencies, state organizations, and regional overseen by an executive group drawn from the HQ USACE Directorate of Civil Works. This Flood Risk

US Army Corps of Engineers

363

The Vaison-La-Romaine Flash Flood: Mesoscale Analysis and Predictability Issues  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On the morning and early afternoon of 22 September 1992, a flash flood (220 mm of rain in 3 h) occurred in the city of Vaison-La-Romaine, located in southeastern France, causing numerous casualties and considerable property damage. It was ...

Stéphane Sénési; Philippe Bougeault; Jean-Luc Chèze; Philippe Cosentino; Rose-May Thepenier

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Operational Responsibilities of the National Weather Service River and Flood Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The River and Flood Program in the National Weather Service, in its mission to save lives and property, has the responsibility to gather hydrologic data from a variety of sources and to assemble the data to make timely and reliable hydrologic ...

L.W. Larson; R.L. Ferral; E.T. Strem; A.J. Morin; B. Armstrong; T.R. Carroll; M.D. Hudlow; L.A. Wenzel; G.L. Schaefer; D.E. Johnson

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Extraordinary Flood Response of a Small Urban Watershed to Short-Duration Convective Rainfall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 9.1 km2 Moores Run watershed in Baltimore, Maryland, experiences floods with unit discharge peaks exceeding 1 m3 s?1 km?2 12 times yr?1, on average. Few, if any, drainage basins in the continental United States have a higher frequency. A ...

James A. Smith; Andrew J. Miller; Mary Lynn Baeck; Peter A. Nelson; Gary T. Fisher; Katherine L. Meierdiercks

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

The 2010 Pakistan Flood and Russian Heat Wave: Teleconnection of Hydrometeorological Extremes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, preliminary results are presented showing that the two record-setting extreme events during 2010 summer (i.e., the Russian heat wave–wildfires and Pakistan flood) were physically connected. It is found that the Russian heat wave was ...

William K. M. Lau; Kyu-Myong Kim

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

NOAA's Rapid Response to the Howard A. Hanson Dam Flood Risk Management Crisis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Howard A. Hanson Dam (HHD) has brought flood protection to Washington's Green River Valley for more than 40 years and opened the way for increased valley development near Seattle. However, following a record high level of water behind the dam in ...

Allen B. White; Brad Colman; Gary M. Carter; F. Martin Ralph; Robert S. Webb; David G. Brandon; Clark W. King; Paul J. Neiman; Daniel J. Gottas; Isidora Jankov; Keith F. Brill; Yuejian Zhu; Kirby Cook; Henry E. Buehner; Harold Opitz; David W. Reynolds; Lawrence J. Schick

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

A Study of Heavy Rainfall Events during the Great Midwest Flood of 1993  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A synoptic–dynamic climatology was constructed using all 24-h 2-in. (50.8 mm) or greater rainfall events in nine states affected by heavy rains and flooding from June through September 1993 using 6- or 12-h gridded analyses from the Regional Data ...

Norman W. Junker; Russell S. Schneider; Stephanie L. Fauver

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

An update of the polymer-augmented alkaline flood at the Isenhour unit, Sublette County, Wyoming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An Almy sand polymer-augmented alkaline flood at the Isenhour Unit, Sublette County, WY, is reviewed. This paper updates process technology, including the use of clay stabilization, sweep improvement, soda ash alkaline agent (to reduce interfacial tension (IFT) and mobilize residual oil), and anionic-polymer-blend mobility buffer. Oil production has been increasing at 20%/yr since the process start.

Doll, T.E.

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

The effects of gravity on micellar-polymer flooding under North Sea conditions; A simulation study  

SciTech Connect

A three-dimensional, multiphase, compositional simulator has been used to investigate micellar-polymer flooding in heterogeneous reservoirs that exhibit large gravitational effects. A North Sea operator provided reservoir data incorporating the various conditions that cause gravity to become an important factor in flood design: large well spacing, large permeabilities, and light, low-viscosity oil. A series of sensitivity studies were conducted by varying the base case reservoir data to enhance the effects of gravity relative to the viscous driving force. In addition, the effects of mobility control were also examined through the addition/exclusion of polymer in the chemical slug and drive fluid. In all of the sensitivity studies conducted, it appeared that gravitational effects can be favorable in micellar-polymer flooding. Furthermore, for the reservoir description studied here, large gravity effects can mitigate the effects of poor vertical sweep caused by an unfavorable mobility ratio. This result suggests the possibility of designing a chemical flood without including polymer for sweep control.

Shook, M. (EG and G Geosciences, Idaho Falls, ID (US)); Pope, G.A.; Sepehrnoori, K. (Dept. of Petroleum Engineering, Univ. of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX (US))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Synoptic Weather Patterns Associated with the Milwaukee, Wisconsin Flash Flood of 6 August 1986  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A flash flood occurred at Milwaukee, Wisconsin on 6 August 1986 as a result of >6 in. (15.2 cm) of rain, much of it falling over a 2-h period. Several possible contributing factors to the excessive rainfall are addressed, as well as a brief ...

James B. Elsner; Walter H. Drag; Jeffrey K. Last

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Time-critical Underwater Sensor Diffusion with No Proactive Exchanges and Negligible Reactive Floods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time-critical Underwater Sensor Diffusion with No Proactive Exchanges and Negligible Reactive multi-hop ad hoc routing in a scalable Underwater Sensor Network (UWSN), which is a novel network in the challenging new underwater environment. Unlike the terrestrial scenarios, on-demand flooding cannot be both

Park, Joon-Sang

373

Use of amine oxide surfactants for chemical flooding EOR (enhanced oil recovery)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of amine oxides with and without alcohols as cosolvents, and in combination with other surfactants as mixed micellar formulations for enhanced oil recovery by surfactant flooding was investigated. Amine oxides are a salt-tolerant class of surfactants that produce low interfacial tension and can develop viscosity without the addition of polymers. These salt-tolerant formulations generate three-phase regions with hydrocarbons over a broad salinity range, develop moderate solubilization, and produce low interfacial tensions, however oil recovery from amine oxide-alcohol phase behavior optimized formulations was directly dependent upon the quantity of surfactant injected. The large pore volume and high concentration of surfactant required prohibits their economic use as the primary surfactant in chemical flooding EOR. Dimethylalkylamine oxides are useful as cosurfactants and viscosifiers in formulations with other surfactants for chemical flooding EOR but the use of ethoxylated and propoxylated amine oxides should be avoided due to the decomposition of these amine oxides under reservoir conditions. Phase behavior, phase inversion temperatures, and viscosity scans have been correlated with surfactant structures to provide a guide for amine oxide applications in chemical flooding. 36 refs., 5 figs., 6 tabs.

Olsen, D.K.

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Floods in Pakistan: Socio-political and 'techno-nature' challenges a first glance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Floods in Pakistan: Socio-political and 'techno-nature' challenges ­ a first glance Urs Geiser 1. Over the coming days, rains continued not only in Northwest Pakistan, but in Baluchistan as well quarter of Pakistan's land area is inundated. The spatial spread of the disaster is well known

Richner, Heinz

375

PERSONAL PROPERTY USED ON CAMPUS &/OR FOR PSU BUSINESS PSU, as an agency of the State of Oregon, participates in the insurance programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PERSONAL PROPERTY USED ON CAMPUS &/OR FOR PSU BUSINESS PSU, as an agency of the State of Oregon nor provide insurance coverage to cover the personal belongings of any State agency, including PSU, participates in the insurance programs provided through the State of Oregon Dept. of Administrative Services

Veerman, J. J. P.

376

Simulation and Economic Screening of Improved Oil Recovery Methods with Emphasis on Injection Profile Control Including Waterflooding, Polymer Flooding and a Thermally Activated Deep Diverting Gel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The large volume of water produced during the extraction of oil presents a significant problem due to the high cost of disposal in an environmentally friendly manner. On average, an estimated seven barrels of water is produced per barrel of oil in the US alone and the associated treatment and disposal cost is an estimated $5-10 billion. Besides making oil-water separation more complex, produced water also causes problems such as corrosion in the wellbore, decline in production rate and ultimate recovery of hydrocarbons and premature well or field abandonment. Water production can be more problematic during waterflooding in a highly heterogeneous reservoir with vertical communication between layers leading to unevenness in the flood front, cross-flow between high and low permeability layers and early water breakthrough from high permeability layers. Some of the different technologies that can be used to counteract this involve reducing the mobility of water or using a permeability block in the higher permeability, swept zones. This research was initiated to evaluate the potential effectiveness of the latter method, known as deep diverting gels (DDG) to plug thief zones deep within the reservoir and far from the injection well. To evaluate the performance of DDG, its injection was modeled, sensitivities run for a range of reservoir characteristics and conditions and an economic analysis was also performed. The performance of the DDG was then compared to other recovery methods, specifically waterflooding and polymer flooding from a technical and economic perspective. A literature review was performed on the background of injection profile control methods, their respective designs and technical capabilities. For the methods selected, Schlumberger's Eclipse software was used to simulate their behavior in a reservoir using realistic and simplified assumptions of reservoir characteristics and fluid properties. The simulation results obtained were then used to carry out economic analyses upon which conclusions and recommendations are based. These results show that the factor with the largest impact on the economic success of this method versus a polymer flood was the amount of incremental oil produced. By comparing net present values of the different methods, it was found that the polymer flood was the most successful with the highest NPV for each configuration followed by DDG.

Okeke, Tobenna

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

rates | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

rates rates Dataset Summary Description This dataset, compiled by NREL and Ventyx, provides average residential, commercial and industrial electricity rates by zip code for both investor owned utilities (IOU) and non-investor owned utilities. Note: the file includes average rates for each utility, but not the detailed rate structure data found in the database available via the zip-code look-up feature on the OpenEI Utilities page (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Gateway:Utilities). The data was released by NREL/Ventyx in February 2011. Source NREL and Ventyx Date Released February 24th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords electric rates rates US utilities Data text/csv icon IOU rates by zipcode (csv, 1.7 MiB) text/csv icon Non-IOU rates by zipcode (csv, 2.1 MiB)

378

Experimental Study of Steam Surfactant Flood for Enhancing Heavy Oil Recovery After Waterflooding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Steam injection with added surface active chemicals is one of general EOR processes aimed to recover residual oil after primary production processes. It has been demonstrated that, after waterflooding, an oil swept area can be increased by steam surfactant flow due to the reduced steam override effect as well as reduced interfacial tension between oil and water in the formation. To investigate the ability to improve recovery of 20.5oAPI California heavy oil with steam surfactant injection, several experiments with a one-dimensional model were performed. Two experimental models with similar porous media, fluids, chemicals, as well as injection and production conditions, were applied. The first series of experiments were carried out in a vertical cylindrical injection cell with dimensions of 7.4 cm x 67 cm. The second part of experiment was conducted using a horizontal tube model with dimensions of 3.5 cm x 110.5 cm. The horizontal model with a smaller diameter than the vertical injection cell is less subject to channel formation and is therefore more applicable for the laboratory scale modeling of the one-dimensional steam injection process. Nonionic surfactant Triton X-100 was coinjected into the steam flow. For both series of experimental work with vertical and horizontal injection cells, the concentration of Triton X-100 surfactant solution used was chosen 3.0 wt%. The injection rates were set to inject the same 0.8 pore volumes of steam for the vertical model and 1.8 pore volumes of steam for horizontal model. The steam was injected at superheated conditions of 200oC and pressure of 100 psig. The liquid produced from the separator was sampled periodically and treated to determine oilcut and produced oil properties. The interfacial tension (IFT) of the produced oil and water were measured with an IFT meter and compared to that for the original oil. The experimental study demonstrated that the average incremental oil recovery with steam surfactant flood is 7 % of the original oil-in-place above that with pure steam injection.

Sunnatov, Dinmukhamed

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Historical Interest Rates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Current and Historical Interest Rates Current and Historical Interest Rates The table lists interest rates, from the project's inception through the present, for all projects with repayment supervised by the CRSP MC. The latest available interest rate is used for all future interest rate calculations. The Amistad-Falcon, Collbran, Provo River, and Rio Grande Projects are all assigned the average daily "Yield Rate" calculated by the U.S. Treasury, on an annual basis, for Treasury bonds having terms of 15 years or more remaining to maturity. The calculated yield rate is rounded to the nearest one-eighth of one percent. The yield rate is based upon the bond's interest rate, as well as its market value. The Colorado River Storage Project and its participating projects, Dolores and Seedskadee, are assigned the average daily "Coupon Rate," annualized for the same U.S. Treasury bonds used in "Yield Rate" calculations. The coupon rate is the interest rate that the bond carries upon its face.

380

Tracking the Libor Rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paper 1108R2 Paper 1108R) Tracking the Libor Rate Rosa M.revision 2013 by author(s). Tracking the Libor Rate Rosa M.providing a methodology for tracking the dynamic integrity

Abrantes-Metz, Rosa; Villas-Boas, Sofia B.; Judge, George G.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood insurance rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

2009 Rate Adjustments  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

provisional rates will be in effect until the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) confirms and approves them on a final basis or until they are replaced by other rates....

382

Mouse heart rate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mouse heart rate Name: amj Status: NA Age: NA Location: NA Country: NA Date: Around 1993 Question: Is it possible to get the heart rate of a mouse without special equipment?...

383

Dynamics of heart rate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heart rate oscillates on several different time scales and has long?term variability in the form of 1/fnoise. The physiological control of heart rate is briefly reviewed

Daniel T. Kaplan; Mario Talajic

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Enhanced Oil Recovery in High Salinity High Temperature Reservoir by Chemical Flooding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studying chemical enhanced oil recovery (EOR) in a high-temperature/high-salinity (HT/HS) reservoir will help expand the application of chemical EOR to more challenging environments. Until recently, chemical EOR was not recommended at reservoirs that contain high concentrations of divalent cations without the need to recondition the reservoir by flooding it with less saline/ less hardness brines. This strategy was found ineffective in preparing the reservoir for chemical flooding. Surfactants used for chemical flooding operating in high temperatures tend to precipitate when exposed to high concentrations of divalent cations and will partition to the oil phase at high salinities. In this study amphoteric surfactant was used to replace the traditionally used anionic surfactants. Amphoteric surfactants show higher multivalent cations tolerance with better thermal stability. A modified amphoteric surfactant with lower adsorption properties was evaluated for oil recovery. Organic alkali was used to eliminate the water softening process when preparing the chemical solution and reduce potential scale problems caused by precipitation due to incompatibility between chemical slug containing alkali and formation brine. Using organic alkali helped in minimizing softening required when preparing an alkali-surfactant-polymer (ASP) solution using seawater. Solution prepared with organic alkali showed the least injectivity decline when compared to traditional alkalis (NaOH and Na2CO3) and sodium metaborate. Adding organic alkali helped further reduce IFT values when added to surfactant solution. Amphoteric surfactant was found to produce low IFT values at low concentrations and can operate at high salinity / high hardness conditions. When mixed with polymer it improved the viscosity of the surfactant-polymer (SP) solution when prepared in high salinity mixing water (6% NaCl). When prepared in seawater and tested in reservoir temperature (95°C) no reduction in viscosity was found. Unlike the anionic surfactant that causes reduction in viscosity of the SP solution at reservoir temperature. This will not require increasing the polymer concentration in the chemical slug. Unlike the case when anionic surfactant was used and more polymer need to be added to compensate the reduction in viscosity. Berea sandstone cores show lower recovery compared to dolomite cores. It was also found that Berea cores were more sensitive to polymer concentration and type and injectivity decline can be a serious issue during chemical and polymer injection. Dolomite did not show injectivity decline during chemical and polymer flooding and was not sensitive to the polymer concentration when a polymer with low molecular weight was used. CT scan was employed to study the displacement of oil during ASP, SP, polymer and surfactant flooding. The formation and propagation oil bank was observed during these core flood experiments. ASP and SP flooding showed the highest recovery, and formation and propagation of oil bank was clearer in these experiments compared to surfactant flooding. It was found that in Berea sandstone with a permeability range of 50 to 80 md that the recovery and fluid flow was through some dominating and some smaller channels. This explained the deviation from piston-like displacement, where a sharp change in saturation in part of the flood related to the dominated channels and tapered front with late arrival when oil is recovered from the smaller channels. It was concluded that the recovery in the case of sandstone was dominated by the fluid flow and chemical propagation in the porous media not by the effectiveness of the chemical slug to lower the IFT between the displacing fluid and oil.

Bataweel, Mohammed Abdullah

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Medical/Repatriation/Evacuation Program (ACE Insurance) Under the exchange visitor program, the United States Department of State  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Medical/Repatriation/Evacuation Program (ACE Insurance) Under the exchange visitor program, the United States Department of State requires exchange visitors to have coverage for medical benefits, repatriation of remains in the case of death, and expenses associated with medical evacuation. Coverage by ACE

386

AR Ins. Lic. #245544 CA Ins. Lic. #0633005 d/b/a in CA Seabury & Smith Insurance Program Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

services · Emergency services · Hospitalization · Maternity and newborn care · Mental health/substance abuse treatments · Prescription drugs · Rehabilitative services · Laboratory services · Preventive-swing with the heftiest legislation set for 2014 -- when health insurance will become available to millions of Americans

Miami, University of

387

The state and health care reform: the National Health Insurance and Public Health Act of 1949  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

State-centered theory, elite theory, and the organizational state environment perspective have all been put forth to explain how policies come to be enacted in government and who benefits from such policy initiatives. It is proposed that the same forces affecting policy enactment can also prevent certain policies from being enacted. This study evaluates the capacity of these three theories to explain why the National Health Insurance and Public Health Act of 1949 was not enacted. This research includes an analysis of historical processes and environmental factors influencing this outcome. The findings indicate that there is very little support for state-centered theory. Limitations of the historical data limit the ability of this research to fully assess elite theory's capacity to explain the outcome. The organizational state environment perspective holds greater explanatory power in this case than either state-centered or elite theory.

Schemmer, Ruth Ann, 1960

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

On the Inefficiency of Portfolio Insurance and Caveats to the Mean/Downside-Risk Framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Portfolio insurance strategies based on options typically treat the investment in the risky asset, e.g., stock, as fixed. We show in a mean/downside-risk framework that such a strategy is inefficient. Using at the money put options, expected returns can be increased by more than 250 basis points without taking on more risk. Gains can become arbitrarily large when one uses options with extremely high strike prices. This is due to a serious caveat to the mean/downside-risk framework that is typically adopted in the literature by substituting downside-risk measures for standard risk measures such as the variance of returns. These pathologic results vanish when one maximizes an appropriately chosen HARA utility function. In this framework, fixing the holding of the risky asset in advance leads to efficiency losses that vary between 250 and 650 basis points depending on the degree of risk aversion.

André Lucas; Cees L. Dert; Andr?e Lucas Yz; Cees L. Dert Xy

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

IMPLEMENTING A NOVEL CYCLIC CO2 FLOOD IN PALEOZOIC REEFS  

SciTech Connect

Recycled CO2 is being used in this demonstration project to produce bypassed oil from the Silurian Dover 35 Niagaran pinnacle reef located in Otsego County, Michigan. CO2 injection in the Dover 35 field into the Salling-Hansen 4-35A well began on May 6, 2004. A second injection well, the Salling-Hansen 1-35, commenced injection in August 2004. Oil production in the Pomerzynski 5-35 producing well increased from 9 BOPD prior to operations to an average of 165 BOPD in December, 2004 and has produced at an average rate of 61 BOPD (Jan-Dec, 2005). The Salling-Hansen 4-35A also produced during this reporting period an average of 29 BOPD. These increases have occurred as a result of CO2 injection and the production rate appears to be stabilizing. CO2 injection volume has reached approximately 2.18 BCF. The CO2 injection phase of this project has been fully operational since December 2004 and most downhole mechanical issues have been solved and surface facility modifications have been completed. It is anticipated that filling operations will run for another 6-12 months from July 1, 2005. In most other aspects, the demonstration is going well and hydrocarbon production has been stabilized at an average rate of 57 BOPD (July-Dec, 2005). Our industry partners continue to experiment with injection rates and pressures, various downhole and surface facility mechanical configurations, and the huff-n-puff technique to develop best practices for these types of enhanced recovery projects. Subsurface characterization was completed using well log tomography and 3D visualizations to map facies distributions and reservoir properties in the Belle River Mills, Chester 18, Dover 35, and Dover 36 Fields. The Belle River Mills and Chester 18 fields are being used as type-fields because they have excellent log and/or core data coverage. Amplitude slicing of the log porosity, normalized gamma ray, core permeability, and core porosity curves are showing trends that indicate significant heterogeneity and compartmentalization in these reservoirs associated with the original depositional fabric and pore types of the carbonate reservoir rocks. Accumulated pressure data supports the hypothesis of extreme heterogeneity in the Dover 35. Some intervals now have pressure readings over 2345 psig (April 29, 2005) in the A-1 Carbonate while nearby Niagaran Brown intervals only show 1030 psig (March 7, 2005). This is a pressure differential over 1300 psig and suggests significant vertical barriers in the reef, consistent with the GR tomography modeling. Digital and hard copy data have been compiled for the Niagaran reefs in the Michigan Basin, including a detailed summary of 20 fields in the vicinity of the demonstration well. Technology transfer took place through technical presentations regarding visualization of the reservoir heterogeneity in these Niagaran reefs. Oral presentations were given at two Petroleum Technology Transfer Council workshops, a Michigan Oil and Gas Association Conference, a Michigan Basin Geological Society meeting, and the Eastern American Association of Petroleum Geologist's Annual meeting. In addition, we met with our industry partners several times during the first half of 2005 to communicate and discuss the reservoir characterization and field site aspects of the demonstration project. A technical paper was published in the April 2005 issue of the AAPG Bulletin on the characterization of the Belle River Mills Field.

James R. Wood; W. quinlan; A. Wylie

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

IMPLEMENTING A NOVEL CYCLIC CO2 FLOOD IN PALEOZOIC REEFS  

SciTech Connect

Recycled CO2 is being used in this demonstration project to produce bypassed oil from the Silurian Dover 35 Niagaran pinnacle reef located in Otsego County, Michigan. CO2 injection in the Dover 35 field into the Salling-Hansen 4-35A well began on May 6, 2004. A second injection well, the Salling-Hansen 1-35, commenced injection in August 2004. Oil production in the Pomerzynski 5-35 producing well increased from 9 BOPD prior to operations to an average of 165 BOPD in December, 2004 and has produced at an average rate of 61 BOPD (Jan-Dec, 2005). The Salling-Hansen 4-35A also produced during this reporting period an average of 29 BOPD. These increases have occurred as a result of CO2 injection and the production rate appears to be stabilizing. CO2 injection volume has reached approximately 2.18 BCF. The CO2 injection phase of this project has been fully operational since December 2004 and most downhole mechanical issues have been solved and surface facility modifications have been completed. It is anticipated that filling operations will run for another 6-12 months from July 1, 2005. In most other aspects, the demonstration is going well and hydrocarbon production has been stabilized at an average rate of 57 BOPD (July-Dec, 2005). Our industry partners continue to experiment with injection rates and pressures, various downhole and surface facility mechanical configurations, and the huff-n-puff technique to develop best practices for these types of enhanced recovery projects. Subsurface characterization was completed using well log tomography and 3D visualizations to map facies distributions and reservoir properties in the Belle River Mills, Chester 18, Dover 35, and Dover 36 Fields. The Belle River Mills and Chester 18 fields are being used as type-fields because they have excellent log and/or core data coverage. Amplitude slicing of the log porosity, normalized gamma ray, core permeability, and core porosity curves are showing trends that indicate significant heterogeneity and compartmentalization in these reservoirs associated with the original depositional fabric and pore types of the carbonate reservoir rocks. Accumulated pressure data supports the hypothesis of extreme heterogeneity in the Dover 35. Some intervals now have pressure readings over 2345 psig (April 29, 2005) in the A-1 Carbonate while nearby Niagaran Brown intervals only show 1030 psig (March 7, 2005). This is a pressure differential over 1300 psig and suggests significant vertical barriers in the reef, consistent with the GR tomography modeling. Digital and hard copy data have been compiled for the Niagaran reefs in the Michigan Basin, including a detailed summary of 20 fields in the vicinity of the demonstration well. Technology transfer took place through technical presentations regarding visualization of the reservoir heterogeneity in these Niagaran reefs. Oral presentations were given at two Petroleum Technology Transfer Council workshops, a Michigan Oil and Gas Association Conference, a Michigan Basin Geological Society meeting, and the Eastern American Association of Petroleum Geologist's Annual meeting. In addition, we met with our industry partners several times during the first half of 2005 to communicate and discuss the reservoir characterization and field site aspects of the demonstration project. A technical paper was published in the April 2005 issue of the AAPG Bulletin on the characterization of the Belle River Mills Field.

James R. Wood; W. quinlan; A. Wylie

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Risk prevention and policy formulation : responding to the 1999 mud-floods catastrophe in El Litoral Central, Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fifteen days of constant and intense rainfall in Venezuela culminated on December 16 1999, in catastrophic landslides and flooding along 25 miles of the Vargas State coastal strip. This catastrophe ravaged the Caracas ...

Parisca-Blanco, Sonia

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Two contrasting severe seasonal extremes in Tropical South America in 2012: Floods in Amazonia and Drought in Northeast Brazil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two simultaneous extreme events affected tropical South America east of the Andes during the austral summer and fall of 2012: a severe drought in Northeast Brazil and intense rainfall and floods in Amazonia, both considered records for the last 50 ...

Jose A. Marengo; Lincoln M. Alves; Wagner R. Soares; Daniel A. Rodriguez; Helio Camargo; Marco Paredes Riveros; Amelia Diaz Pabló

393

Two Contrasting Severe Seasonal Extremes in Tropical South America in 2012: Flood in Amazonia and Drought in Northeast Brazil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two simultaneous extreme events affected tropical South America to the east of the Andes during the austral summer and fall of 2012: a severe drought in Northeast Brazil and intense rainfall and floods in Amazonia, both considered records for the ...

Jose A. Marengo; Lincoln M. Alves; Wagner R. Soares; Daniel A. Rodriguez; Helio Camargo; Marco Paredes Riveros; Amelia Diaz Pabló

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Forecast Advisory for the Late Fall Heavy Rainfall/Flood Event in Central Vietnam Developed from Diagnostic Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The formations of heavy rainfall/flood (HRF) events in Vietnam are studied from diagnostic analyses of 31 events during the period 1979–2009. HRF events develop from the cold surge vortices formed around the Philippines. These vortices’ speed, ...

Tsing-Chang Chen; Ming-Cheng Yen; Jenq-Dar Tsay; Jordan Alpert; Nguyen Thi Tan Thanh

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Sensitivity of Orographic Moist Convection to Landscape Variability: A Study of the Buffalo Creek, Colorado, Flash Flood Case of 1996  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of numerical experiments with a high-resolution mesoscale model were conducted to study the convective rainfall event that caused the 1996 Buffalo Creek, Colorado, flash flood. Different surface conditions and treatments of land surface ...

Fei Chen; Thomas T. Warner; Kevin Manning

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Flood Pulsing in the Sudd Wetland: Analysis of Seasonal Variations in Inundation and Evaporation in South Sudan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Located on the Bahr el Jebel in South Sudan, the Sudd is one of the largest floodplain wetlands in the world. Seasonal inundation drives the hydrologic, geomorphological, and ecological processes, and the annual flood pulse is essential to the ...

L-M. Rebelo; G. B. Senay; M. P. McCartney

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

HyMeX-SOP1, the field campaign dedicated to heavy precipitation and flash flooding in the northwestern Mediterranean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Mediterranean region is frequently affected by heavy precipitation events associated with flash floods, landslides, and mudslides that cause hundreds of millions of euros in damages per year and often, casualties. A major field campaign was devoted to ...

Véronique Ducrocq; Isabelle Braud; Silvio Davolio; Rossella Ferretti; Cyrille Flamant; Agustin Jansa; Norbert Kalthoff; Evelyne Richard; Isabelle Taupier-Letage; Pierre-Alain Ayral; Sophie Belamari; Alexis Berne; Marco Borga; Brice Boudevillain; Olivier Bock; Jean-Luc Boichard; Marie-Noëlle Bouin; Olivier Bousquet; Christophe Bouvier; Jacopo Chiggiato; Domenico Cimini; Ulrich Corsmeier; Laurent Coppola; Philippe Cocquerez; Eric Defer; Julien Delanoë; Paolo Di Girolamo; Alexis Doerenbecher; Philippe Drobinski; Yann Dufournet; Nadia Fourrié; Jonathan J. Gourley; Laurent Labatut; Dominique Lambert; Jérôme Le Coz; Frank S. Marzano; Gilles Molinié; Andrea Montani; Guillaume Nord; Mathieu Nuret; Karim Ramage; Bill Rison; Odile Roussot; Frédérique Said; Alfons Schwarzenboeck; Pierre Testor; Joël Van Baelen; Béatrice Vincendon; Montserrat Aran; Jorge Tamayo

398

Moist Dynamics and Orographic Precipitation in Northern and Central California during the New Year’s Flood of 1997  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamics of moist orographic flows during the January 1997 floods in northern and central California are investigated using numerical simulations computed with the fifth-generation Pennsylvania State University–National Center for Atmospheric ...

Joseph Galewsky; Adam Sobel

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

About the Ratings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2008 Ratings Changes 2008 Ratings Changes EPA's "New" Fuel Economy Ratings Video about EPA's New Fuel Economy Ratings Windows Media Video (6.8 MB) Quicktime Video (7.8 MB) Text Version EPA changed the way it estimates fuel economy starting with the 2008 model year. This "new" way of estimating fuel economy supplements the previous method by incorporating the effects of Faster speeds and acceleration Air conditioner use Colder outside temperatures What else do I need to know about the "new" ratings? The tests lower MPG estimates for most vehicles. View old/new MPG ratings for a specific vehicle The actual mileage you get will still vary based on your driving habits, traffic conditions, and other factors. All MPG estimates in Find-a-Car have been converted to the new

400

LANL closes road, trails for safety reasons; flooding and erosion control  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Road, trails closed for safety reasons Road, trails closed for safety reasons LANL closes road, trails for safety reasons; flooding and erosion control work under way Closure is in response to the increased fire risk and danger of flash flooding. July 8, 2011 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Contact Fred deSousa

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood insurance rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Analysis of core-concrete interaction event with flooding for the Advanced Neutron Source reactor  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses salient aspects of the methodology, assumptions, and modeling of various features related to estimation of source terms from an accident involving a molten core-concrete interaction event (with and without flooding) in the Advanced Neutron Source (ANS) reactor at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Various containment configurations are considered for this postulated severe accident. Several design features (such as rupture disks) are examined to study containment response during this severe accident. Also, thermal-hydraulic response of the containment and radionuclide transport and retention in the containment are studied. The results are described as transient variations of source terms, which are then used for studying off-site radiological consequences and health effects for the support of the Conceptual Safety Analysis Report for ANS. The results are also to be used to examine the effectiveness of subpile room flooding during this type of severe accident.

Kim, S.H.; Taleyarkhan, R.P.; Georgevich, V.; Navarro-Valenti, S.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Surfactant-enhanced alkaline flooding for light oil recovery. Annual report, 1992--1993  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this report, the authors present the results of experimental and theoretical studies in surfactant-enhanced alkaline flooding for light oil recovery. The overall objective of this work is to develop a very cost-effective method for formulating a successful surfactant-enhanced alkaline flood by appropriately choosing mixed alkalis which form inexpensive buffers to obtain the desired pH (between 8.5 and 12.0) for ultimate spontaneous emulsification and ultralow interfacial tension. In addition, the authors have (1) developed a theoretical interfacial activity model for determining equilibrium interfacial tension, (2) investigated the mechanisms for spontaneous emulsification, (3) developed a technique to monitor low water content in oil, and (4) developed a technique to study water-in-oil emulsion film properties.

Wasan, D.T.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Improvements in physical-property models used in micellar/polymer flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is one of three companion papers describing a micellar/polymer or chemical flood simulator and comparing its results to experimental data. Various physical-property models required by chemical flood simulators have been improved and others developed. The most significant development is the use of pseudophases to model phase behavior. The method allows representation of four pseudocomponents. This is made possible by assuming that alcohol is distributed among the other three pseudocomponents, thus forming three pseudophases that are assumed to be in thermodynamic equilibrium. Another improvement related to the ion-exchange model. Cations are considered to exchange with both surfactant micelles and clays. The model assumes the exchange to be entirely a result of electrostatic association. A model for treating physical dispersion coefficients as a function of saturations has been added. The model is based on experimental evidence and is purely empirical.

Camilleri, D.; Fil, A.; Pope, G.A.; Rouse, B.A.; Sepehrnoori, K.

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

User`s guide for UTCHEM implicit (1.0) a three dimensional chemical flood simulator. Final report, September 30, 1992--December 31, 1995  

SciTech Connect

UTCHEM IMPLICIT is a three-dimensional chemical flooding simulator. The solution scheme is fully implicit. The pressure equation and the mass conservation equations are solved simultaneously for the aqueous phase pressure and the total concentrations of each component. A third-order-in-space, second-order-in-time finite-difference method and a new total-variation-diminishing (TVD) third-order flux limiter are used to reduce numerical dispersion effects. Saturations and phase concentrations are solved in a flash routine. The major physical phenomena modeled in the simulator are: dispersion, adsorption, aqueous-oleic-microemulsion phase behavior, interfacial tension, relative permeability, capillary trapping, compositional phase viscosity, capillary pressure, phase density, polymer properties: shear thinning viscosity, inaccessible pore volume, permeability reduction, and adsorption. The following options are available in the simulator: constant or variable time-step sizes, uniform or nonuniform grid, pressure or rate constrained wells, horizontal and vertical wells.

NONE

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Implementing A Novel Cyclic CO2 Flood In Paleozoic Reefs  

SciTech Connect

Recycled CO{sub 2} is being used in this demonstration project to produce bypassed oil from the Silurian Dover 35 Niagaran pinnacle reef located in Otsego County, Michigan. CO{sub 2} injection in the Dover 35 field into the Salling-Hansen 4-35A well began on May 6, 2004. A second injection well, the Salling-Hansen 1-35, commenced injection in August 2004. Oil production in the Pomerzynski 5-35 producing well increased from 9 BOPD prior to operations to an average of 165 BOPD in December, 2004 and is presently producing 52 BOPD. The Salling-Hansen 4-35A also produced during this reporting period an average of 21 BOPD. These increases have occurred as a result of CO{sub 2} injection and the production rate appears to be stabilizing. CO{sub 2} injection volume has reached approximately 1.6 BCF. The CO{sub 2} injection phase of this project has been fully operational since December 2004 and most downhole mechanical issues have been solved and surface facility modifications have been completed. It is anticipated that filling operations will run for another 6-12 months from July 1, 2005. In most other aspects, the demonstration is going well and hydrocarbon production has been successfully increased to a stable rate of 73 BOPD. Our industry partners continue to experiment with injection rates and pressures, various downhole and surface facility mechanical configurations, and the huff-n-puff technique to develop best practices for these types of enhanced recovery projects. Subsurface characterization is being completed using well log tomography and 3D visualizations to map facies distributions and reservoir properties in the Belle River Mills, Chester 18, Dover 35, and Dover 36 Fields. The Belle River Mills and Chester 18 fields are being used as type-fields because they have excellent log and/or core data coverage. Amplitude slicing of the log porosity, normalized gamma ray, core permeability, and core porosity curves is showing trends that indicate significant heterogeneity and compartmentalization in these reservoirs associated with the original depositional fabric and pore types of the carbonate reservoir rocks. Accumulated pressure data supports the hypothesis of extreme heterogeneity in the Dover 35. Some intervals now have pressure readings over 2345 psig (April 29, 2005) in the A-1 Carbonate while nearby Niagaran Brown intervals only show 1030 psig (March 7, 2005). This is a pressure differential over 1300 psig and suggests significant vertical barriers in the reef, consistent with the GR tomography modeling Digital and hard copy data continue to be compiled for the Niagaran reefs in the Michigan Basin. Technology transfer took place through technical presentations regarding visualization of the reservoir heterogeneity in these Niagaran reefs. Oral presentations were given at two Petroleum Technology Transfer Council workshops, a Michigan Oil and Gas Association Conference, a Michigan Basin Geological Society meeting, and the Eastern American Association of Petroleum Geologist's Annual meeting. In addition, we met with our industry partners several times during the first half of 2005 to communicate and discuss the reservoir characterization and field site aspects of the demonstration project. A technical paper was published in the April 2005 issue of the AAPG Bulletin on the characterization of the Belle River Mills Field.

James R. Wood; W. Quinlan; A. Wylie

2005-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

406

Implementing A Novel Cyclic CO2 Flood In Paleozoic Reefs  

SciTech Connect

Recycled CO{sub 2} is being used in this demonstration project to produce bypassed oil from the Silurian Dover 35 Niagaran pinnacle reef located in Otsego County, Michigan. CO{sub 2} injection in the Dover 35 field into the Salling-Hansen 4-35A well began on May 6, 2004. A second injection well, the Salling-Hansen 1-35, commenced injection in August 2004. Oil production in the Pomerzynski 5-35 producing well increased from 9 BOPD prior to operations to an average of 165 BOPD in December, 2004 and is presently producing 52 BOPD. The Salling-Hansen 4-35A also produced during this reporting period an average of 21 BOPD. These increases have occurred as a result of CO{sub 2} injection and the production rate appears to be stabilizing. CO{sub 2} injection volume has reached approximately 1.6 BCF. The CO{sub 2} injection phase of this project has been fully operational since December 2004 and most downhole mechanical issues have been solved and surface facility modifications have been completed. It is anticipated that filling operations will run for another 6-12 months from July 1, 2005. In most other aspects, the demonstration is going well and hydrocarbon production has been successfully increased to a stable rate of 73 BOPD. Our industry partners continue to experiment with injection rates and pressures, various downhole and surface facility mechanical configurations, and the huff-n-puff technique to develop best practices for these types of enhanced recovery projects. Subsurface characterization is being completed using well log tomography and 3D visualizations to map facies distributions and reservoir properties in the Belle River Mills, Chester 18, Dover 35, and Dover 36 Fields. The Belle River Mills and Chester 18 fields are being used as type-fields because they have excellent log and/or core data coverage. Amplitude slicing of the log porosity, normalized gamma ray, core permeability, and core porosity curves is showing trends that indicate significant heterogeneity and compartmentalization in these reservoirs associated with the original depositional fabric and pore types of the carbonate reservoir rocks. Accumulated pressure data supports the hypothesis of extreme heterogeneity in the Dover 35. Some intervals now have pressure readings over 2345 psig (April 29, 2005) in the A-1 Carbonate while nearby Niagaran Brown intervals only show 1030 psig (March 7, 2005). This is a pressure differential over 1300 psig and suggests significant vertical barriers in the reef, consistent with the GR tomography modeling Digital and hard copy data continue to be compiled for the Niagaran reefs in the Michigan Basin. Technology transfer took place through technical presentations regarding visualization of the reservoir heterogeneity in these Niagaran reefs. Oral presentations were given at two Petroleum Technology Transfer Council workshops, a Michigan Oil and Gas Association Conference, a Michigan Basin Geological Society meeting, and the Eastern American Association of Petroleum Geologist's Annual meeting. In addition, we met with our industry partners several times during the first half of 2005 to communicate and discuss the reservoir characterization and field site aspects of the demonstration project. A technical paper was published in the April 2005 issue of the AAPG Bulletin on the characterization of the Belle River Mills Field.

James R. Wood; W. Quinlan; A. Wylie

2005-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

407

Effective Rate Period  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fiscal Year 2014 Fiscal Year 2014 Effective Rate Period As of Beginning of the FY 10/01/2013 - 09/30/2014 Mid-Year Changes (if applicable) 10/01/2013 - 09/30/2014 Power Rates Annual Revenue Requirement Rate Schedule Power Revenue Requirement $73,441,557 CV-F13 Base Resource Revenue Requirement $69,585,875 First Preference Revenue Requirement $3,855,682

408

High Redshift Supernova Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use a sample of 42 supernovae detected with the Advanced Camera for Surveys on-board the Hubble Space Telescope as part of the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey to measure the rate of core collapse supernovae to z~0.7 and type Ia supernovae to z~1.6. This significantly increases the redshift range where supernova rates have been estimated from observations. The rate of core collapse supernovae can be used as an independent probe of the cosmic star formation rate. Based on the observations of 17 core collapse supernovae, we measure an increase in the core collapse supernova rate by a factor of 1.6 in the range 0.3rate. The increase in the rate in this redshift range in consistent with recent measurements of the star formation rate derived from UV-luminosity densities and IR datasets. Based on 25 type Ia supernovae, we find a SN Ia rate that is a factor 3-5 higher at z~1 compared to earlier estimates at lower redshifts (zrate traces a higher star formation rate at redshifts z>1 compared to low redshift. At higher redshift (z>1), we find a suggested decrease in the type Ia rate with redshift. This evolution of the Ia rate with redshift is consistent with a type Ia progenitor model where there is a substantial delay between the formation of the progenitor star and the explosion of the supernova. Assuming that the type Ia progenitor stars have initial main sequence masses 3-8 M_Sun, we find that 5-7% of the available progenitors explode as type Ia supernovae.

Tomas Dahlen; Louis-Gregory Strolger; Adam G. Riess; Bahram Mobasher; Ranga-Ram Chary; Christopher J. Conselice; Henry C. Ferguson; Andrew S. Fruchter; Mauro Giavalisco; Mario Livio; Piero Madau; Nino Panagia; John L. Tonry

2004-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

409

Rate Schedule CPP-2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

or rate schedule accepted or approved by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) or other regulatory bodies will be passed on to each relevant customer. The FERC's or...

410

Education of Risk Professionals, Module 5: Large Early Release Frequency and Internal Flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides documentation for Module 5 in the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Education of Risk Professionals Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) training program. Module 5 comprises PRA 107, Large Early Release Frequency (LERF), and PRA 108, Internal Flooding Probabilistic Risk Assessment (IFPRA). Module 5 is the fifth of six training modules in the Education of Risk Professionals series. Each module is typically one week in length. The entire training program is typically ...

2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

411

Preconditioning concepts in polymer flooding in high-salinity reservoirs; Laboratory investigations and case histories  

SciTech Connect

In polymer-flood field projects with partially hydrolized polyacrylamide (PH PAA) solutions, the authors applied two methods of preconditioning: a preflush with fresh water and the use of a relatively small slug of a less-salt-sensitive polymer. Results of laboratory work that led to an improved preconditioning concept with polymer are described. Case histories of two projects with two different preconditioning processes are presented and discussed in detail.

Volz, H.; Maltin, B.K. (RWE-DEA AG (DE)); Sohn, W.O.

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Enhanced oil recovery using water as a driving fluid - 10. field applications of surfactant/polymer flooding  

SciTech Connect

Selection of a suitable reservoir, studies required to support a field application, pilot testing, minifield tests and a review of field applications to date are discussed. It is concluded that surfactant/polymer flooding has a greater potential than other chemical flood processes to mobilize and recover waterflood residual oil. However, the process is complex and costly and requires the utmost in technical expertise and economic incentives to be made to work profitably. 9 refs.

Mungan, N.

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Surfactant-enhanced alkaline flooding for light oil recovery. Quarterly report, April 1, 1995--June 30, 1995  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is to develop a very cost-effective method for formulating a successful surfactant-enhanced alkaline flood by appropriately choosing mixed alkalis which form inexpensive buffers to obtain the desired pH (between 8.5 and 12.0) for ultimate spontaneous emulsification and ultra-low tension. In addition, the novel concept of pH gradient design to optimize flood water conditions will be tested.

Wasan, D.T.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Exchange Rates and Fundamentals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show analytically that in a rational expectations present-value model, an asset price manifests near–random walk behavior if fundamentals are I(1) and the factor for discounting future fundamentals is near one. We argue that this result helps explain the well-known puzzle that fundamental variables such as relative money supplies, outputs, inflation, and interest rates provide little help in predicting changes in floating exchange rates. As well, we show that the data do exhibit a related link suggested by standard models—that the exchange rate helps predict these fundamentals. The implication is that exchange rates and fundamentals are linked in a way that is broadly consistent with asset-pricing models of the exchange rate. I.

Charles Engel; Kenneth D. West

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

FIELD DEMONSTRATION OF CARBON DIOXIDE MISCIBLE FLOODING IN THE LANSING-KANSAS CITY FORMATION, CENTRAL KANSAS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Progress is reported for the period from July 1, 2002 to September 30, 2002. Assessment of the demonstration site has defined many aspects of the reservoir. Technical design and budget for a larger (60-acre, 24.3 ha) CO2 demonstration project are being reviewed by the US DOE for approval. Further analysis of the pilot site by the partners has indicated that a staged demonstration is considered optimal. A phased approach to implementation of the demonstration is proposed to reduce the risk of uncertainties as to whether the reservoir has basic properties (connectivity and ability to pressure-up) conducive to a meaningful CO2 flood demonstration. The proposed plan is to flood a 10+-acre pattern. The results of this small flood will be used to evaluate the viability of performing a larger-scale ({approx}60-acre) demonstration and will be used by the partners to decide their role in a larger-scale demonstration. The 10+-acre pattern requires the least up-front expense to all parties to obtain the data required to accurately assess the viability and economics of CO2 flooding in the L-KC and of a larger-scale demonstration. In general, the following significant modifications to the original Statement of Work are proposed: (1) The proposed plan would extend the period of Budget Period 1 to May 7, 2003. (2) Redefine the period of Budget Period 2 from 3/7/01-3/7/05 to 5/7/03-3/7/08. (3) Redefine the period of Budget Period 3 from 3/7/05-3/7/06 to 3/7/08-3/7/09. (4) To allow initial verification of the viability of the process before proceeding into the flood demonstration, move activities involved with preparing wells in the flood pattern (Task 5.1), repressurizing the pattern (Task 5.2), and constructing surface facilities (Task 5.3) from Budget Period 2 to Budget Period 1. (5) Allow US Energy Partners (USEP) to be a supplier of carbon dioxide from the ethanol plant in Russell, Kansas. (6) Change the pilot flood pattern, including the number and location of wells involved in the pilot. (7) Expenses are shifted from Budget Period 2 to Budget Period 1 to cover costs of additional reservoir characterization. All modified activities and tasks would maintain the existing required industry match of 55% in Budget Period 1, 65% in Budget Period 2, and 90% in Budget Period 3. Carbon dioxide supplied by the USEP ethanol facility would be valued such that the total cost of CO2 delivered to the demonstration site injection wellhead would not exceed the $3.00/MCF cost of supplying CO2 from Guymon, OK. Total cost of the modified project is $4,415,300 compared with $5,388,064 in the original project. The modified project would require no additional funding from US DOE.

Alan Byrnes; G. Paul Willhite; Don Green; Martin Dubois; Richard Pancake; Timothy Carr; W. Lynn Watney; John Doveton; Willard Guy; Rodney Reynolds; Rajesh Kunjithaya; Dave Murfin; James Daniels; Niall Avison; Russell Martin; William Flanders; Dave Vander Griend; Eric Mork; Paul Cantrell

2002-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

416

OpenEI - rates  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

U.S. Electric Utility U.S. Electric Utility Companies and Rates: Look-up by Zipcode (Feb 2011) http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/899 This dataset, compiled by NREL and Ventyx, provides average residential, commercial and industrial electricity rates by zip code for both investor owned utilities (IOU) and non-investor owned utilities. Note: the file includes average rates for each utility, but not the detailed rate structure data found in the database available via the zip-code look-up feature on the OpenEI Utilities page (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Gateway:Utilities). The data was released by NREL/Ventyx in February 2011.

417

<RatesMiscInfo>  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rates MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION Power Supply Report June 2013 (53kb pdf) May 2013 (53kb pdf) April 2013 (52kb pdf) March 2013 (54kb pdf) February 2013 (54kb pdf) January 2013 (54kb...

418

Design and application of a Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant privacy framework for pervasive healthcare  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With an increasing emphasis on pervasive healthcare services, providing a high degree of privacy to patients is becoming a major challenge due to: (a) an increased number of avenues, such as device, access points, switches and database; (b) ... Keywords: EHR, HIPAA, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, e-health, electronic health records, electronic healthcare, electronic medical records, mobile communications, pervasive healthcare, privacy, security, wireless health

Srilaxmi Malladi; Upkar Varshney

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Heat Rate Program Guidelines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power plant facilities with performance or heat rate improvement programs perform better than those that do not have those programs. A heat rate improvement program typically provides sufficient information for decision making with respect to timely maintenance actions and/or operational adjustments. Monitoring the performance of any power plant component includes the trending of parameters that also describe the performance of other plant components, providing insight and information on improving ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

420

Cat Heart Rate Monitoring  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cat Heart Rate Monitoring Cat Heart Rate Monitoring Name: Shakti Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: TX Country: USA Date: Summer 2010 Question: What is the best way to find a cat's heart rate using a stethoscope? Because I have tried to hear their heart beat but their purring is all I can hear. If I shouldn't use a stethoscope, then what should I use? Replies: Hi Shakti! If you want to use a stethoscope, the trick is to get your cat to stop purring. Two good ways that I have found to help stop the purring 1. Cover their nose (generally cats don't like this and will stop purring) or 2. Put on the tap to drip or lightly stream water (also, they generally don't like this and will stop purring). Alternatively, you can get their heart rate from feeling their pulse. A good place to try to feel a pulse is right where the leg attaches to the abdomen - in an area called the inguinal region. Now granted there are some heart conditions that will cause an animals pulse and their heart rates don't match up, and it's hard to feel if you have a fat cat, but it's a good place to try if you are really trying to get a heart rate in a healthy kitty!

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood insurance rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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421

Family Financial Security1 Frame Changin’: How Presence of a Child Impacts Provider Selection and Satisfaction in The Insurance Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Social scientists have long demonstrated that our perceptions of the world are shaped by schemas, a set of beliefs about people, events or situations that we use as guides in our interactions (i.e., Cohen, 1981; Tversky & Kahneman, 1974). Schemas allow us to process information quickly in order to decide whether to accept information and integrate it into our cognitive framework or to reject the information. This process ultimately affect the choices and evaluations people make (Tversky & Kahnehman, 1981; Misra & Beatty, 1990; Schmidt and Hitchon, 1999). As people move through various life stages, key events can modify the lens we use to judge relationships and create new schemas that we use to process incoming information. The following paper will examine a specific subgroup within insurance: people who have children. The majority of this group consists of couples with kids, a segment comprising over 40 % of US households (US Census, 2007). Using primary research data we will show how the transition from having no children to having children constitutes a potential shift in how this group reacts to and interprets insurance information. Understanding this new frame will ultimately have strong implications for how and what to market to this potentially lucrative insurance group.

Joshua Morrill; Toni Gnewuch

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Trade, Interdependence and Exchange Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

period is 1971-2000. All inflation rates and predictions areof Goods and Real Exchange Rate Fluc- tuations,” mimeo [5]Between Trade and Exchange Rate Volatility,” mimeo [6

Fitzgerald, Doireann

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Exchange Rates, Information, and Crises  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3 Intervention and Exchange Rate Misalignment 4 Conclusion 5explain the exchange rate determination puzzle? Americanrisk to defend the exchange rate. Universit¨at Trier Working

Fernholz, Ricardo Turrin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Mythology of rate design  

SciTech Connect

If power rates are determined by marginal costs with clear signals to the consumer, then the load curve will regulate itself without burdening the public with ethical and patriotic issues. Manipulation of the load factor will only cause hardship and inconvenience, but a choice of rates will allow consumers to determine their own balance between rates and convenience. It makes sense to charge consumers the true cost rather than having the same rate apply during a 24-hour period when costs are not uniform. Discussions of how to determine equitable rate structures flounder because we cannot define equity. Economists, who base their recommendations on the assumption that income distribution is reasonable, believe marginal-cost pricing allows the customer to save whatever the utility is saving. Such a system is economically efficient in that the utility charges 100 percent-load-factor consumers according to a base load plant, while charging peak and offpeak consumers what it costs to add them to the system. Adjustment of prices to cause a minimal distortion of the market is the economists' general rule for handling the balancing of cost increases and regulated profits. (DCK)

Streiter, S.H.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Oil Recovery Increases by Low-Salinity Flooding: Minnelusa and Green River Formations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Waterflooding is by far the most widely used method in the world to increase oil recovery. Historically, little consideration has been given in reservoir engineering practice to the effect of injection brine composition on waterflood displacement efficiency or to the possibility of increased oil recovery through manipulation of the composition of the injected water. However, recent work has shown that oil recovery can be significantly increased by modifying the injection brine chemistry or by injecting diluted or low salinity brine. This paper reports on laboratory work done to increase the understanding of improved oil recovery by waterflooding with low salinity injection water. Porous media used in the studies included outcrop Berea sandstone (Ohio, U.S.A.) and reservoir cores from the Green River formation of the Uinta basin (Utah, U.S.A.). Crude oils used in the experimental protocols were taken from the Minnelusa formation of the Powder River basin (Wyoming, U.S.A.) and from the Green River formation, Monument Butte field in the Uinta basin. Laboratory corefloods using Berea sandstone, Minnelusa crude oil, and simulated Minnelusa formation water found a significant relationship between the temperature at which the oil- and water-saturated cores were aged and the oil recovery resulting from low salinity waterflooding. Lower aging temperatures resulted in very little to no additional oil recovery, while cores aged at higher temperatures resulted in significantly higher recoveries from dilute-water floods. Waterflood studies using reservoir cores and fluids from the Green River formation of the Monument Butte field also showed significantly higher oil recoveries from low salinity waterfloods with cores flooded with fresher water recovering 12.4% more oil on average than those flooded with undiluted formation brine.

Eric P. Robertson

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Green River Formation Water Flood Demonstration Project: Final report. [October 21, 1992-April, 30, 1996  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objectives were to understand the oil production mechanisms in the Monument Butte unit via reservoir characterization and reservoir simulations and to transfer the water flooding technology to similar units in the vicinity, particularly the Travis and the Boundary units. Comprehensive reservoir characterization and reservoir simulations of the Monument Butte, Travis and Boundary units were presented in the two published project yearly reports. The primary and the secondary production from the Monument Butte unit were typical of oil production from an undersaturated oil reservoir close to its bubble point. The water flood in the smaller Travis unit appeared affected by natural and possibly by large interconnecting hydraulic fractures. Water flooding the boundary unit was considered more complicated due to the presence of an oil water contact in one of the wells. The reservoir characterization activity in the project basically consisted of extraction and analysis of a full diameter c ore, Formation Micro Imaging logs from several wells and Magnetic Resonance Imaging logs from two wells. In addition, several side-wall cores were drilled and analyzed, oil samples from a number of wells were physically and chemically characterized (using gas chromatography), oil-water relative permeabilities were measured and pour points and cloud points of a few oil samples were determined. The reservoir modeling activity comprised of reservoir simulation of all the three units at different scales and near well-bore modeling of the wax precipitation effects. The reservoir characterization efforts identified new reservoirs in the Travis and the Boundary units. The reservoir simulation activities established the extent of pressurization of the sections of the reservoirs in the immediate vicinity of the Monument Butte unit. This resulted in a major expansion of the unit and the production from this expanded unit increased from about 300 barrels per day to about 2000 barrels per day.

Deo, M.D. [Dept. of Chemical and Fuels Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City (US); Dyer, J.E.; Lomax, J.D. [Inland Resources, Inc., Lomax Exploration Co., Salt Lake City, UT (US); Nielson, D.L.; Lutz, S.J. [Energy and Geoscience Institute at the University of Utah, Salt Lake City (US)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

BCP Annual Rate Process  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2013 BCP Annual Rate Process 2013 BCP Annual Rate Process Informal Process Rate Activity Schedule (doc) Informal Customer Meeting Thursday March 6, 2013 at 10:30 A.M. Conf Rms 3&4 Informal Customer Meeting Presentation (Pdf) PRS Executive Summary (Mar 07, 2013) (Pdf) FY2014 Final Ten Year Operating Plan PRS Executive Summary (PDF) FORM for Foreign Visits (doc) Formal Process Initial Federal Register Notice (pdf) Public Information Forum March 27,2013 at 10:30 A.M. Conf Rms3&4 Customer Meeting Presentation PIF Presentation (PPT) Presentation Details (pdf) Reclamation Fund Status Report PIF PRS Executive Summary (pdf) PIF Transcripts (PDF) Visitor Center Cost Analysis Questions - Responses Public Comment Forum April 10, 2013 at 10:30 A.M. Conf Rms3&4 PCF Transcripts Customer Letters

428

Multiple System Rate Process  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DSW Multiple System Transmission Rate Process DSW Multiple System Transmission Rate Process Federal Register Notice Withdrawing Rate Proposal (PDF) Formal Process Extension Federal Register Notice (PDF) Customer Savings Under Various MSTR (XLS) Public Information Forum March 29, 2005 Customer Meeting Overview (Power Point) Customer Meeting Overview (PDF) Customer Meeting Transcript (PDF) Public Comment Forum April 6, 2005 Customer Meeting Transcript (PDF) Response Letter 5-17-05 (PDF) Customer Letters Tonopah ID-5/25/05 (PDF) APS-5/26/05 (PDF) SRP-5/27/05 (PDF) RSLynch-6/1/05 (PDF) KRSaline-6/1/05 (PDF) Formal Process Federal Register Notice (Word) Federal Register Notice (PDF) Brochure (Word) Appendices to Brochure: A B C D E1 E2 F1 F2 GH Public Information Forum July 14, 2004 Customer Meeting Overview (Power Point)

429

Development of cost-effective surfactant flooding technology. First annual report for the period, September 30, 1992--September 29, 1993  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research consists of the parallel development of a new chemical flooding simulator and the application of existing UTCHEM simulation code to model surfactant flooding. The new code is based upon a completely new numerical method that combines for the first time higher order finite difference methods, flux limiters, and implicit algorithms. Early results indicate that this approach has significant advantages in some problems and will likely enable simulation of much larger and more realistic chemical floods once it is fully developed. Additional improvements have also been made to the UTCHEM code and it has been applied for the first time to the study of stochastic reservoirs with and without horizontal wells to evaluate methods to reduce the cost and risk of surfactant flooding. During the first year of this contract, significant progress has been made on both of these tasks. The authors have found that there are indeed significant differences between the performance predictions based upon the traditional layered reservoir description and the more realistic and flexible descriptions using geostatistics. These preliminary studies of surfactant flooding using horizontal wells shows that although they have significant potential to greatly reduce project life and thus improve the economics of the process, their use requires accurate reservoir descriptions and simulations to be effective. Much more needs to be done to fully understand and optimize their use and develop reliable design criteria.

Pope, G.A.; Sepehrnoori, K.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Flooded Underground Coal Mines: A Significant Source of Inexpensive Geothermal Energy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Many mining regions in the United States contain extensive areas of flooded underground mines. The water within these mines represents a significant and widespread opportunity for extracting low-grade, geothermal energy. Based on current energy prices, geothermal heat pump systems using mine water could reduce the annual costs for heating to over 70 percent compared to conventional heating methods (natural gas or heating oil). These same systems could reduce annual cooling costs by up to 50 percent over standard air conditioning in many areas of the country. (Formatted full-text version is released by permission of publisher)

Watzlaf, G.R.; Ackman, T.E.

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Use of mixed surfactants to generate foams for mobility control in chemical flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The application of mixed surfactant foams as an alternative method for mobility control behind a low-concentration chemical flood was evaluated in laboratory experiments. Results indicated that use of alternating slug cycles of gas and selected mixed surfactants resulted in significantly higher differential pressures, [Delta]p, compared with use of only the individual surfactant components, even at low surfactant concentrations. Foams generated with these systems were more stable, even in the presence of oil. The synergistic effect of enhancing foam-generation behavior and stability of these types of systems can improve propagation of a mobility-control front through porous media.

Llave, F.M.; Olsen, D.K. (NIPER/BDM-Oklahoma Inc., Bartlesville, OK (United States))

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

CONTENTS Development of Novel Methods for CO2 Flood Monitoring...........1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Development of Novel Methods Development of Novel Methods for CO2 Flood Monitoring...........1 Commentary ...................................2 An Innovative Approach to Creating Stable CO2 Foam: Nanoparticles .................................8 Improving Mobility Control in CO2 Enhanced Recovery Using SPI Gels ........................................... 10 Assessing Near Miscible CO2 Applications to Improve Oil Recovery (IOR) in Arbuckle Reservoirs ......................................13 CO2 EOR in Residual Oil Zones Showing Expansive Potential ... 16 Spotlight ........................................ 20 CONTACTS Roy Long Technology Manager- Ultra-Deepwater, Strategic Center for Natural Gas & Oil 281-494-2520 roy.long@netl.doe.gov Albert Yost Technology Manager- Exploration & Production,

433

Upper Great Plains Rates information  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rates and Repayment Services Rates and Repayment Services Rates 2010 Firm Power Rate (effective January 1, 2010) Rate Adjustments 2010 Firm Power Rate Adjustment 2009 Firm Power Rate Adjustment IS Rate Adjustments Rate Adjustment Process Rate Orders Signed, December 23, 2009 (16kb pdf) Announcements Firm Electric Service Customer Letter - Preliminary Review of Drought Adder Component, June 27, 2013 (74kb pdf) Customer Letter - Final Notice of Drought Adder Component, October 2, 2013 (68kb pdf) Integrated System (IS) Rates 2014 IS Rates Customer Information Meeting Presentation, October 15, 2013 (611kb pdf) Customer Letter - Notification of 2014 Rates, September 13, 2013 (160kb pdf) 2014 Transmission and Ancillary Services Rate Calculation and 2012 Rate True-up Calculation (4.9mb pdf) 2013 IS Rates

434

Disparities in Health Insurance and Access to Care for Residents Across U.S. Cities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Rates of Uninsurance El Paso, TX Jersey City, NJ LosHigh Rates of Uninsurance El Paso, TX Jersey City, NJ LosNJ Las Vegas, NV–AZ Salt Lake City, UT Charlotte, NC–SC MSAs with High Rates

Brown, E. Richard; Wyn, Roberta; Teleki, Stephanie

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Natural Gas Conveyance and Rates  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Natural gas transportation market; Competition vs. market power; Rate structures Cost-of-service Performance based rates

Information Center

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

LAP Transmission Rate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LAP Transmission Rate 4.50 4.00 3.82 3.50 3.00 of 2.50 c 0 2.I2 2.68 I 3: 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012...

437

Deployment: Flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of the Halon Replacement Program for Army Ground Combat Vehicles ... Gas Measurement Using FTIR, GC/MS and Ion Selective Electrode Methods ...

2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

438

Post waterflood CO{sub 2} miscible flood in light oil, fluvial-dominated deltaic reservoir. FY 1993 annual report  

SciTech Connect

The project is a Class 1 DOE-sponsored field demonstration project of a CO{sub 2} miscible flood project at the Port Neches Field in Orange County, Texas. The project will determine the recovery efficiency of CO{sub 2} flooding a waterflooded and a partial waterdrive sandstone reservoir at a depth of 5,800. The project will also evaluate the use of a horizontal CO{sub 2} injection well placed at the original oil-water contact of the waterflooded reservoir. A PC-based reservoir screening model will be developed by Texaco`s research lab in Houston and Louisiana State University will assist in the development of a database of fluvial-dominated deltaic reservoirs where CO{sub 2} flooding may be applicable. This technology will be transferred throughout the oil industry through a series of technical papers and industry open forums.

Davis, D.W.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

CO2 flood tests on whole core samples of the Mt. Simon sandstone, Illinois Basin  

SciTech Connect

Geological sequestration of CO2, whether by enhanced oil recovery (EOR), coal-bed methane (CBM) recovery, or saline aquifer injection is a promising near-term sequestration methodology. While tremendous experience exists for EOR, and CBM recovery has been demonstrated in existing fields, saline aquifer injection studies have only recently been initiated. Studies evaluating the availability of saline aquifers suitable for CO2 injection show great potential, however, the long-term fate of the CO2 injected into these ancient aqueous systems is still uncertain. For the subject study, a series of laboratory-scale CO2 flood tests were conducted on whole core samples of the Mt. Simon sandstone from the Illinois Basin. By conducting these tests on whole core samples rather than crushed core, an evaluation of the impact of the CO2 flood on the rock mechanics properties as well as the geochemistry of the core and brine solution has been possible. This empirical data could provide a valuable resource for the validation of reservoir models under development for these engineered CO2 systems.

O'Connor, William K.; Rush, Gilbert E.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

An evaluation of the Big Muddy Field low-tension flood demonstration project  

SciTech Connect

A commercial scale low-tension flood (micellar-polymer) demonstration project was conducted in the Second Wall Creek Reservoir in the Big Muddy Field in east central Wyoming. The cost-shared, low-tension flood used a 0.1 pore volume preflush and a 0.1 pore volume low-tension slug followed by a polymer drive bank. The sulfonate used in the low-tension slug was a blend of both low and high molecular weight synthetic sulfonates. Dow Pusher 500, a dry polyacrylamide polymer, was used in both the low-tension slug and polymer drive bank for mobility control. Although project oil recovery was or will be significantly less than originally predicted, the low-tension process successfully mobilized waterflood residual oil. The primary factor contributing to lower than anticipated recovery was lack of containment of the injected fluids in the reservoir. Behind-pipe communication in abandoned or reconditioned wellbores in the project area represented the most probable source of fluid migration from the reservoir. Fluid entry from other reservoirs occurred concurrently with migration of the fluids from the reservoir. Fluid containment deteriorated significantly when injection pressures during the polymer injection period were allowed to exceed the formation parting pressure. Injectivity in the relatively low permeability reservoir was a continuing operational problem. 6 refs., 78 figs., 19 tabs.

Cole, E.L.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood insurance rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Rail Coal Transportation Rates  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

reports reports Coal Transportation Rates to the Electric Power Sector With Data through 2010 | Release Date: November 16, 2012 | Next Release Date: December 2013 | Correction Previous editions Year: 2011 2004 Go Figure 1. Deliveries from major coal basins to electric power plants by rail, 2010 Background In this latest release of Coal Transportation Rates to the Electric Power Sector, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) significantly expands upon prior versions of this report with the incorporation of new EIA survey data. Figure 1. Percent of total U.S. rail shipments represented in data figure data Previously, EIA relied solely on data from the U.S. Surface Transportation Board (STB), specifically their confidential Carload Waybill Sample. While valuable, due to the statistical nature of the Waybill data,

442

Plant Tumor Growth Rates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plant Tumor Growth Rates Plant Tumor Growth Rates Name: Gina and Maria Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: We are doing a science fair project on if B. Carotene, Green tea, and Grape Seed Extract helps plants against the crown gall disease. We injected sunflowers with agrobacterium tum. one week ago (Sun. Feb. 27, 2000). Our questions is how long will it take for the tumors to grow? We scratched the surface of the stems and injected the agrobacterium in the wound. Also which do you think, in your opinion, will do the best, if any? Our science fair is April 13, do you think we'll have growth before then, atleast enough time to do our conclusion and results? Thank you, any information you forward will be very helpful. Replies: Sunflowers form galls relatively quickly. I usually get them in two weeks at least. Good luck.

443

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% 4,100 4,400 4,700 5,000 5,300 5,600 5,900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jul '13 to Aug '13: 2.5% Aug '12 to Aug '13: -1.3% YTD '12 to YTD '13: 1.5% 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jul '13 to Aug '13: -0.8%

444

ALKALINE-SURFACTANT-POLYMER FLOODING AND RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION OF THE BRIDGEPORT AND CYPRESS RESERVOIRS OF THE LAWRENCE FIELD  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feasibility of alkaline-surfactant-polymer flood for the Lawrence Field in Lawrence County, Illinois is being studied. Two injected formulations are being designed; one for the Bridgeport A and Bridgeport B reservoirs and one for Cypress and Paint Creek reservoirs. Fluid-fluid and coreflood evaluations have developed a chemical solution that produces incremental oil in the laboratory from the Cypress and Paint Creek reservoirs. A chemical formulation for the Bridgeport A and Bridgeport B reservoirs is being developed. A reservoir characterization study is being done on the Bridgeport A, B, & D sandstones, and on the Cypress sandstone. The study covers the pilot flood area and the Lawrence Field.

Malcolm Pitts; Ron Damm; Bev Seyler

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

ALKALINE-SURFACTANT-POLYMER FLOODING AND RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION OF THE BRIDGEPORT AND CYPRESS RESERVOIRS OF THE LAWRENCE FIELD  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feasibility of alkaline-surfactant-polymer flood for the Lawrence Field in Lawrence County, Illinois is being studied. Two injected formulations are being designed; one for the Bridgeport A and Bridgeport B reservoirs and one for Cypress and Paint Creek reservoirs. Fluid-fluid and coreflood evaluations have developed a chemical solution that produces incremental oil in the laboratory from the Cypress and Paint Creek reservoirs. A chemical formulation for the Bridgeport A and Bridgeport B reservoirs is being developed. A reservoir characterization study is being done on the Bridgeport A, B, & D sandstones, and on the Cypress sandstone. The study covers the pilot flood area and the Lawrence Field.

Malcolm Pitts; Ron Damm; Bev Seyler

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Adjusted Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '99 to Jan '00: -7.4% Jan '99 to Jan '00: -0.1% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -0.1% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '99 to Jan '00: -16.8% Jan '99 to Jan '00: -3.2% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -3.2% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '99 to Jan '00: -9.3% Jan '99 to Jan '00: +3.5% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +3.5% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul

447

An Analytic Approach To Estimating The Required Surplus, Benchmark Profit, And Optimum Reinsurance Retention For An Insurance Enterprise Using Moments Of The Severity Distribution And Key Frequency Distribution Values.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This paper presents an analysis of the capital needs, needed return on capital, and optimum reinsurance retention for insurance companies, all in the context… (more)

Boor, Joseph Allen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nov '99 to Dec '99: +5.3% Nov '99 to Dec '99: +5.3% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +8.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +5.0% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '99 to Dec '99: +6.0% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +4.5% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.3% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '99 to Dec '99: +2.4% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +3.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.9% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '99 to Dec '99: +32.3% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +2.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +5.5%

449

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

July '99 to Aug. '99: +4.7% July '99 to Aug. '99: +4.7% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: +1.3% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.7% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* July '99 to Aug. '99: -1.9% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: -0.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.9% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* July '99 to Aug. '99: -0.1% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: -1.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: -0.7% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* July '99 to Aug. '99: +22.3% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: +21.1%

450

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aug '99 to Sep '99: +4.9% Aug '99 to Sep '99: +4.9% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +4.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.7% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '99 to Sep '99: -2.4% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +0.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.3% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '99 to Sep '99: -2.1% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +4.6% YTD '98 to YTD '99: 0.0% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '99 to Sep '99: +7.3% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +8.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +8.3%

451

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oct '99 to Nov '99: +0.1% Oct '99 to Nov '99: +0.1% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +5.5% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.5% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '99 to Nov '99: -0.7% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +1.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.1% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '99 to Nov '99: +2.5% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +6.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.8% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '99 to Nov '99: +9.7% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +2.2% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +6.2%

452

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

June '99 to July '99: -5.4% June '99 to July '99: -5.4% July '98 to July '99: +3.3% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +6.3% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* June '99 to July '99: -0.5% July '98 to July '99: -0.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.1% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* June '99 to July '99: +0.5% July '98 to July '99: +1.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: -0.3% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* June '99 to July '99: +1.5% July '98 to July '99: +10.2% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +7.2%

453

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sep '99 to Oct '99: +3.9% Sep '99 to Oct '99: +3.9% Oct '98 to Oct '99: +2.3% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.4% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '99 to Oct '99: -0.2% Oct '98 to Oct '99: -0.9% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.0% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '99 to Oct '99: -1.9% Oct '98 to Oct '99: -0.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.4% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '99 to Oct '99: -2.1% Oct '98 to Oct '99: -6.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +6.6%

454

Design and Implementation of a CO2 Flood Utilizing Advanced Reservoir Characterization and Horizontal Injection Wells In a Shallow Shelf Carbonate Approaching Waterflood Depletion, Class II  

SciTech Connect

The principle objective of this project is to demonstrate the economic viability and widespread applicability of an innovative reservoir management and carbon dioxide (CO2) flood project development approach for improving CO2 flood project economics in shallow shelf carbonate (SSC) reservoirs.

Czirr, K.L.; Gaddis, M.P.; Moshell, M.K.

2002-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

455

Essays on U.S. agricultural policy : subsidies, crop insurance, and environmental auctions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis investigates the unintended consequences of government policy, specifically policy meant to benefit agricultural producers. The first chapter asks how agricultural subsidies affect farmland rental rates. Chapter ...

Kirwan, Barrett E., 1974-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Rate Adjustments and Public Involvement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rate Adjustments and Public Involvement Documents Rate Adjustments and Public Involvement Documents CRSP Transmission 9/16/2013 WAPA-161 FRN, CRSP transmission and ancillary services rates extension Letter announcing two-year extension to CRSP transmission and ancillary services rates Letter announcing revised CRSP transmission rates for FY 2014 Accompanying calculation table for FY 2014 CRSP transmission rate letter Letter announcing revised CRSP transmission rates for FY 2013 Letter announcing revised CRSP transmission rates for FY 2012 Letter announcing revised CRSP transmission rates for FY 2011 Letter announcing revised CRSP transmission rates for FY 2010 SLCA/IP 9/16/2013 WAPA-161 FRN, SLCA/IP firm power rate extension Letter announcing two-year extension to SLCA/IP firm power rate SLCA/IP Tentative Rate Adjustment Schedule

457

Toward a Methodology to Investigate the Downstream Flood Hazards on the American River due to Changes in Probable Maximum Flood due to Effects of Artificial Reservoir Size and Land-Use/Land-Cover Patterns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent research in mesoscale hydrology suggests that the size of the reservoirs and the land-use/land-cover (LULC) patterns near them impact the extreme weather [e.g., probable maximum flood (PMF)]. A key question was addressed by W. Yigzaw et al.:...

Alfred J. Kalyanapu; A. K. M. Azad Hossain; Jinwoo Kim; Wondmagegn Yigzaw; Faisal Hossain; C. K. Shum

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Towards methodology to investigate the downstream flood hazards on American River due to changes in Probable Maximum Flood due to effects of Artificial Reservoir Size and Land Use/Land Cover Patterns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent research in mesoscale hydrology suggests that the size of the reservoirs and the land use/land cover (LULC) patterns near them impact the extreme weather (such as probable maximum flood or PMF). A key question was addressed by Yigzaw et al.,...

Alfred J. Kalyanapu; A. K. M. Azad Hossain; Jinwoo Kim; Wondmagegn Yigzaw; Faisal Hossain; C. K. Shum

459

Application of Polymer Gels as Conformance Control Agents for Carbon Dioxide for Floods in Carbonate Reservoirs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the production from mature oil fields declining, the increasing demand of oil urges towards more effective recovery of the available resources. Currently, the CO2 Floods are the second most applied EOR processes in the world behind steam injection. With more than 30 years of experience gained from CO2 flooding, successful projects have showed incremental oil recovery ranging from 7 to 15 % of the oil initially in place. Despite all of the anticipated success of CO2 floods, its viscosity nature is in heterogeneous and naturally fractured reservoirs is challenging; CO2 will flow preferentially through the easiest paths resulting in early breakthrough and extraction ineffectiveness leaving zones of oil intact. This research aims at investigating gel treatments and viscosified water-alternating-gas CO2 mobility control techniques. A set of experiments have been conducted to verify the effectiveness and practicality of the proposed mobility control approaches. Our research employed an imaging technique integrating an X-Ray CT scanner with a CT friendly aluminum coreflood cell. With the integrated systems, we were able to obtain real time images when processed provide qualitative and qualitative evaluations to the coreflood. The research studies included preliminary studies of CO2 and water injection performance in fractured and unfractured cores. These experiments provided a base performance to which the performances of the mobility control attempts were compared. We have applied the same methodology in evaluation of the experimental results to both conformance control gel treatments and viscosified water-alternating-gas CO2 mobility control. The gel conformance control studies showed encouraging results in minimizing the effect of heterogeneities directing the injected CO2 to extract more oil from the low permeability zones; the gel strength was evaluated in terms of breakdown and leakoff utilizing the production data aided with CT imaging analysis. The viscosified water coupled with CO2 investigations showed great promising results proving the superiority over neat CO2 injection. This research serves as a preliminary understanding to the applicability of tested mobility control approaches providing a base to future studies in this category of research.

Al Ali, Ali 1986-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

PULSE RATE DIVIDER  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact pulse-rate divider circuit affording low impedance output and high input pulse repetition rates is described. The circuit features a single secondary emission tube having a capacitor interposed between its dynode and its control grid. An output pulse is produced at the anode of the tube each time an incoming pulse at the control grid drives the tube above cutoff and the duration of each output pulse corresponds to the charging time of the capacitor. Pulses incoming during the time the grid bias established by the discharging capacitor is sufficiently negative that the pulses are unable to drive the tube above cutoff do not produce output pulses at the anode; these pulses are lost and a dividing action is thus produced by the circuit. The time constant of the discharge path may be vanied to vary in turn the division ratio of the circuit; the time constant of the charging circuit may be varied to vary the width of the output pulses. (AEC)

McDonald, H.C. Jr.

1962-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood insurance rate" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Design and evaluation of a gravity-stable, miscible CO/sub 2/-solvent flood, Bay St. Elaine Field  

SciTech Connect

A gravity-stable miscible CO/sub 2/-solvent flood is underway in the Bay St. Elaine Field, South Louisiana. A 33% pore volume CO/sub 2/-solvent slug was injected into a dipping water drive reservoir and is being pushed downdip by the injection of nitrogen gas. The CO/sub 2/ solvent selected for this tertiary flood was tailored by the addition of methane and n-butane to the carbon dioxide. This CO/sub 2/-solvent provides the density difference required to complete a gravity-stable flood within the desired time period and also satisfies the minimum miscibility pressure requirements at reservoir conditions. The paper presents laboratory experimental work performed and process design work required to undertake this type of enhanced recovery project. The results obtained from slim tube tests to determine the CO/sub 2/-solvent composition are presented as well as results of 12-foot sand pack displacement tests to evaluate the recovery efficiency of the selected CO/sub 2/-solvent. Procedures used to determine the mixing zone lengths needed for CO/sub 2/-solvent slug design are discussed along with the method of calculating critical velocity. Pressure pulse tests conducted to improve reservoir definition within the project area are reviewed. In situ residual oil saturations for the unconsolidated sand determined from pressure cores, log-injectlog water flood tests, single well partitioning tracer tests, and open hole well logs are presented. Field injection and current production data are also analyzed.

Nute, A.J.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Lightning Ground Flashes Associated with Summer 1990 Flash Floods and Streamflow in Tucson, Arizona: An Exploratory Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Eight flash flood events occurred in the Tucson area of southeastern Arizona during the 1990 summer when a high-resolution lightning detection network was operated in the region. A total of 3479 cloud-to-ground lightning flashes was composited ...

Ronald L. Holle; Shawn P. Bennett

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Snow Cover and Spring Flood Flow in the Northern Part of Western Siberia (the Poluy, Nadym, Pur, and Taz Rivers)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper aims to quantitatively estimate the role of snowmelt in the spring flood flow and the redistribution of river runoff for the northern (Arctic) part of the western Siberian Plain (the rivers Poluy, Nadym, Pur, and Taz). In this region, ...

E. A. Zakharova; A. V. Kouraev; S. Biancamaria; M. V. Kolmakova; N. M. Mognard; V. A. Zemtsov; S. N. Kirpotin; B. Decharme

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Performance and operation of a crosslinked polymer flood at Sage Spring Creek Unit A, Natrona County, Wyoming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reviews field geology and development, characterizes the reservoir, evaluates secondary performance, and describes the design and benefits of a polymer program. Performance of the Sage Spring Creek Unit A confirms a high flood efficiency and superior oil recovery. The sweep improvement program is a technical and economic success.

Mack, J.C.; Warren, J.

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Were the 2010 Pakistan floods predictable?2 P. J. Webster*, V.E. Toma and H-M Kim5  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 1 Were the 2010 Pakistan floods predictable?2 3 4 P. J. Webster*, V.E. Toma and H-M Kim5 School During July 2010, a series of monsoonal deluges over northern Pakistan resulted in25 catastrophic31 July deluges, especially in North Pakistan was exceptionally rare as deduced from limited32 data

Webster, Peter J.

466

Survey of innovative rates, 1991  

SciTech Connect

Current innovative rate data from 135 major utilities throughout the United States were gathered and analyzed. Over 1000 innovative rates that were in use by the utilities in 1990 and 1991 were identified, abstracted and entered into a database. Survey results indicate that over 616 million MWh were sold to the nearly five million customers using the innovative rates offered. From an annual sales perspective, the most widely used rates are demand-side management rates -- rates intended to change customer energy use -- and rates that are market-driven.'' The survey identified 525 demand-side management rates serving our four million customers with reported sales of approximately 520 million MWh. These rates serve over 80% of the total innovative rate customers and account for 84% of the total MWh sales. Also important in terms of MWh sales they represent are market-driven rates, which accounted for sales of 48 million MWh in 1990. Both demand-side management and market-driven rates show a 20% customer growth rate between 1988 and 1990. Other innovative rates examined in the survey included: prepaid service; load retention incentive rates; technology specific rates; and those rates related expressly to non-utility generators -- namely buy-back and standby rates.

White, L.J.; Wakefield, R.A.; McVicker, C.M.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Survey of innovative rates, 1991  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current innovative rate data from 135 major utilities throughout the United States were gathered and analyzed. Over 1000 innovative rates that were in use by the utilities in 1990 and 1991 were identified, abstracted and entered into a database. Survey results indicate that over 616 million MWh were sold to the nearly five million customers using the innovative rates offered. From an annual sales perspective, the most widely used rates are demand-side management rates -- rates intended to change customer energy use -- and rates that are market-driven.'' The survey identified 525 demand-side management rates serving our four million customers with reported sales of approximately 520 million MWh. These rates serve over 80% of the total innovative rate customers and account for 84% of the total MWh sales. Also important in terms of the MWh sales they represent are market-driven rates, which accounted for sales of 48 million MWh in 1990. Both demand-side management and market-driven rates show a 20% customer growth rate between 1988 and 1990. Other innovative rates examined in the survey included: prepaid service; load retention incentive rates; technology specific rates; and those rates related expressly to non-utility generators -- namely buy-back and standby rates.

White, L.J.; Wakefield, R.A.; McVicker, C.M.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

DOE-SPEC-3018-96; Flooded-Type Lead-Acid Storage Batteries  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8-96 8-96 August 1996 DOE SPECIFICATION FLOODED-TYPE LEAD-ACID STORAGE BATTERIES U.S. Department of Energy FSC 6140 Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37831; (423) 576-8401. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 487-4650. Order No.DE96009469 DOE-SPEC-3018-96 iii FOREWORD 1. Use of this purchase specification is not mandatory. User should review the document and determine if it meets the user's purpose.

469

Use of vertical slip flow and flooding models in LOCA analysis  

SciTech Connect

Vertical slip flow and flooding models, which have been incorporated in a version of the RELAP4 computer code by Aerojet Nuclear Company have led to significant improvements in modeling nuclear reactor coolant system phenomena during postulated large and small break loss-of-coolant accidents. The vertical slip flow model computes the separated fluid component velocities and directions at vertical flow junctions. Use of the slip model allows the energy transfer between volumes to be based on individual liquid and vapor component flows rather than on the net junction flow. Continuity and momentum equations are unaffected by the addition of slip. The vertical flow slip model logic is based on the assumption that gravity forces dominate causing slip between phases. 7 references (auth)

Fischer, S.R.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Multiple-stripe lithiation mechanism of individual SnO2 nanowires in a flooding geometry  

SciTech Connect

The atomic scale lithiation mechanism of individual SnO2 nanowires in a flooding geometry with the entire wires being immersed in the electrolyte was revealed by in-situ transmission electron microscopy. The lithiation initiated multiple stripes with width of a few nanometer parallel to {l_brace}020{r_brace} planes transversing the entire wires, serving as multiple reaction fronts for late stage of lithiation. Inside the stripes, we identified high density of dislocations and enlarged inter-planar spacing, which provide effective path for lithium ion transport. The density of the stripes increased with further lithiation, and eventually they merged with one another, causing a large enlongation and volume expansion and the crystalline to amorphous phase transformation. This multiple stripes and multiple reaction fronts lithiation mechanism is unexpected and differs completely from the expected core-shell lithiation mechanism.

Zhong, Li; Liu, Xiao H.; Wang, G. F.; Mao, Scott X.; Huang, Jian Yu

2011-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

471

Prevention of a nuclear excursion upon water flooding of an ocean based Tory II-C  

SciTech Connect

As TORY II-C is presently designed, a nuclear excursion would occur if the core were flooded with water. This is true even if all of the existing control rods were fully inserted. Indeed ANGIE calculations indicate that the reactor would be about 30% super-critical in such a case. There are several methods by which the core may be forced sub- critical under these extreme conditions. We will here consider only the method of introducing, directly into the core, a material which strongly absorbs neutrons. It must be possible to remove this excess `poison` prior to, or during the boost phase. Since the computer codes can be trusted to only approximately 3%, we will, for safety, insist on 40% negative reactivity to be introduced by the excess poison.

Stubbs, T.

1962-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

472

Evaluating resilience of DNP3-controlled SCADA systems against event buffer flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The DNP3 protocol is widely used in SCADA systems (particularly electrical power) as a means of communicating observed sensor state information back to a control center. Typical architectures using DNP3 have a two level hierarchy, where a specialized data aggregator device receives observed state from devices within a local region, and the control center collects the aggregated state from the data aggregator. The DNP3 communication between control center and data aggregator is asynchronous with the DNP3 communication between data aggregator and relays; this leads to the possibility of completely filling a data aggregator's buffer of pending events, when a relay is compromised or spoofed and sends overly many (false) events to the data aggregator. This paper investigates how a real-world SCADA device responds to event buffer flooding. A Discrete-Time Markov Chain (DTMC) model is developed for understanding this. The DTMC model is validated by a Moebius simulation model and data collected on real SCADA testbed.

Yan, Guanhua [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nicol, David M [UNIV OF IL; Jin, Dong [UNIV OF IL

2010-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

473

Monsoons: AMIP simulations of the 1987 and 1988 drought and flood regimes  

SciTech Connect

The simulation of monsoons, in particular the Indian summer monsoon, has proven to be a critical test of a general circulation models ability to simulate tropical climate and variability (Simulation of Monsoon Variability, WCRP-68, 1992). In an effort to better understand the necessary conditions for the simulation of a phenomenologically correct Indian Monsoon, we present analyses of simulations associated with the Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project, a coordinated effort to simulate the 1979--88 decade using standardized boundary conditions with approximately 30 atmospheric general circulation models. Diagnostics, such as those performed under the auspices of the Monsoon Numerical Experimentation Group have been evaluated to address questions regarding the predictability of monsoon extremes. Particular attention has been devoted to the 1987 and 1988 Indian monsoon drought and flood regimes associated with El Nino and La Nina conditions in the Pacific.

Sperber, K.R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Palmer, T.N. [European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Reading (United Kingdom)

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Field Demonstration of Carbon Dioxide Miscible Flooding in the Lansing-Kansas City Formation, Central Kansas  

SciTech Connect

A pilot carbon dioxide miscible flood was initiated in the Lansing Kansas City C formation in the Hall Gurney Field, Russell County, Kansas. The reservoir zone is an oomoldic carbonate located at a depth of about 2900 feet. The pilot consists of one carbon dioxide injection well and three production wells. Continuous carbon dioxide injection began on December 2, 2003. By the end of June 2005, 16.19 MM lb of carbon dioxide was injected into the pilot area. Injection was converted to water on June 21, 2005 to reduce operating costs to a breakeven level with the expectation that sufficient carbon dioxide was injected to displace the oil bank to the production wells by water injection. By March 7,2010, 8,736 bbl of oil were produced from the pilot. Production from wells to the northwest of the pilot region indicates that oil displaced from carbon dioxide injection was produced from Colliver A7, Colliver A3, Colliver A14 and Graham A4 located on adjacent leases. About 19,166 bbl of incremental oil were estimated to have been produced from these wells as of March 7, 2010. There is evidence of a directional permeability trend toward the NW through the pilot region. The majority of the injected carbon dioxide remains in the pilot region, which has been maintained at a pressure at or above the minimum miscibility pressure. Estimated oil recovery attributed to the CO2 flood is 27,902 bbl which is equivalent to a gross CO2 utilization of 4.8 MCF/bbl. The pilot project is not economic.

Alan Byrnes; G. Paul Willhite; Don Green; Richard Pancake; JyunSyung Tsau; W. Lynn Watney; John Doveton; Willard Guy; Rodney Reynolds; Dave Murfin; James Daniels; Russell Martin; William Flanders; Dave Vander Griend; Eric Mork; Paul Cantrell

2010-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

475

Development of improved mobility control agents for surfactant/polymer flooding. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of the laboratory work in this project was to develop mobility control agents that are more effective than the polymers currently used