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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood disaster protection" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Disaster Protection Act of 1973 Disaster Protection Act of 1973 Jump to: navigation, search Statute Name Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 Year 1973 Url [[File:|160px|link=]] Description References FDPA Text[1] The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) is administered primarily under two statutes: the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 and the Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 (FDPA). The NFIP is administered by a department of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the Federal Insurance Administration (FIA). The FDPA requires federal financial regulatory agencies to adopt regulations prohibiting their regulated lending institutions from making, increasing, extending or renewing a loan secured by improved real estate or a mobile home located or to be located in a SFHA in a community participating in the NFIP unless the property

2

A fuzzy clustering iterative model using chaotic differential evolution algorithm for evaluating flood disaster  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flood disaster is a kind of frequent natural hazards. The objective of flood disaster evaluation is to establish hazard assessment model for managing flood and preventing disaster. Base on the chaotic optimization theory, this paper proposes a chaotic ... Keywords: Chaotic map, Differential evolution algorithm, Evolutionary computation, Flood disaster evaluation, Fuzzy clustering

Yaoyao He; Jianzhong Zhou; Pangao Kou; Ning Lu; Qiang Zou

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Facts about FEMA Household Disaster Aid: Examining the 2008 Floods and Tornadoes in Missouri  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Very little empirical work has been done on disaster aid in the United States. This paper examines postdisaster grants to households from the Federal Emergency Management Agency in the state of Missouri in 2008, when the state experienced flooding,...

Carolyn Kousky

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

National Flood Insurance Act | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Flood Insurance Act Flood Insurance Act Jump to: navigation, search Statute Name National Flood Insurance Act Year 1968 Url [[File:|160px|link=]] Description References FEMA Library[1] Wikipedia[2] The National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 is a piece of legislation passed in the United States that led to the creation of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). The National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 created the Federal Insurance Administration and made flood insurance available for the first time. The Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 made the purchase of flood insurance mandatory for the protection of property located in Special Flood Hazard Areas. The National Flood Insurance Act is administered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency. The NFIP goals are two-fold:

5

Soil Testing Following Flooding, Overland Flow of Wastewater and other Freshwater Disasters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Freshwater flooding can seriously affect soil fertility and the physical and chemical properties of soil. This publication explains how to reclaim flooded soil. Having the soil tested for microbes, pesticides, hydrocarbons and other contaminants is an important step.

Provin, Tony; Feagley, Sam E.; Pitt, John L.; McFarland, Mark L.

2009-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

6

Facts about FEMA Household Disaster Aid: Examining the 2008 Floods and Tornadoes in Missouri  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Very little empirical work has been done on disaster aid in the United States. This paper examines post-disaster grants to households from the Federal Emergency Management Agency in the state of Missouri in 2008. That year, the state experienced ...

Carolyn Kousky

7

A Flash-Flooding Storm at the Steep Edge of High Terrain: Disaster in the Himalayas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flash floods on the edge of high terrain, such as the Himalayas or Rocky Mountains, are especially dangerous and hard to predict. The Leh flood of 2010 at the edge of the Himalayan Plateau in India is an example of the tragic consequences of such storms. ...

Kristen L. Rasmussen; Robert A. Houze Jr.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Two Floods in Fort Collins, Colorado: Learning from a Natural Disaster  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A flash flood in Fort Collins, Colorado, on 28 July 1997 resulted in 5 deaths, 62 injuries, and more than $250 million in property damage. Following the 1997 flood, a great many changes were made in the city's preparedness infrastructure. On 30 ...

John F. Weaver; Eve Gruntfest; Glenn M. Levy

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Floods  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Floods Floods Nature Bulletin No. 15 May 19, 1945 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Clayton F. Smith, President Roberts Mann, Superintendent of Conservation FLOODS Fish thrive on floods. Then they can gorge themselves on worms, slugs and insects from the inundated bottomlands, or on food washed in from the fields and woods. The recent heavy rains have put the DesPlaines river far out of its banks. Fish from tributaries and bottomland ponds or lakes where they escaped suffocation under the ice last winter, are moving about actively and restocking those stretches of the streams where thousands perished They may even come upstream, over the dams, from the lower river, Very few fish are ever swept downstream over dams. Within the past few days, bullheads, minnows, bluegills and other kinds have been caught, and found to be fat and plump with food

10

Protection of Coastal Infrastructure under Rising Flood Risk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 2005 hurricane season was particularly damaging to the United States, contributing to significant losses to energy infrastructure—much of it the result of flooding from storm surge during hurricanes Katrina and Rita. ...

Lickley, M.J.

11

The influence of previous disaster experience and socio-demographics on protective behaviors during two successive tornado events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of previous disaster experience as a motivating factor for protective action during high-risk events is still a matter of considerable discussion and inconsistent findings in the hazards literature. In this paper, two events that occurred ...

Amber Silver; Jean Andrey

12

NEHRP - Hazard Vulnerability and Disaster Resiliency ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Hazard Vulnerability and Disaster Resiliency. 2013. ... gaps for achieving resilience in the ... protection, emergency response, business continuity, and ...

13

Flooding and Fire Ants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fire ants can be a serious problem during and after a flood. This publication explains how to protect yourself when you must return to flooded structures or deal with storm debris.

Nester, Paul

2008-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

14

Cascade or domino effects in flood impact analysis in GIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Floods are common natural occurring disaster in most parts of the world. It results into damage of human life and environment but not seldom are the side effects of flooding causing more damages than the flood itself. To investigate such Cascade or Domino ... Keywords: GIS, cascade and domino effects, flood, risk

Åke Sivertun; Vimalkumar Vaghani

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Flooding and Fire Ants (Spanish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fire ants can be a serious problem during and after a flood. This publication explains how to protect yourself when you must return to flooded structures or deal with storm debris.

Nester, Paul

2008-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

16

Disaster-Resilient Buildings, Infrastructure, and Communities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the nation's buildings and infrastructure clustered in disaster-prone regions ... to fires through innovative fire protection and response technologies and ...

2011-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

17

A joint network for disaster recovery and search and rescue operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Disasters are exceptional events that are either man made, such as terrorist attacks, or natural, such as earthquakes, wildfires and floods. Disasters create emergency situations and cause physical and social disorder. In these emergency situations, ... Keywords: Disaster recovery networks, Reward-based random walks, Search and rescue networks, Two-dimensional random walk

Ram G. Lakshmi Narayanan; Oliver C. Ibe

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

The use of social media within the global disaster alert and coordination system (GDACS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System (GDACS) collects near real-time hazard information to provide global multi-hazard disaster alerting for earthquakes, tsunamis, tropical cyclones, floods and volcanoes. GDACS alerts are based on calculations ... Keywords: disaster management, emergency response, impact analysis, social media, twitter

Beate Stollberg; Tom de Groeve

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Decision support for disaster management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

support system for disaster response and recovery usingJ (2006) Improving disaster response efforts with decisionSpringerlink.com Abstract Disaster response and recovery are

Rolland, Erik; Patterson, Raymond A.; Ward, Keith; Dodin, Bajis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Photovoltaic application for disaster relief  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hurricanes, floods, tornados, and earthquakes are natural disasters that can happen at any time destroying homes, businesses, and natural surroundings. One such disaster, Hurricane Andrew, devastated South Florida leaving several hundred-thousand people homeless. Many people were without electrical service, functioning water and sewage systems, communications, and medical services for days, even weeks in the aftermath of the storm. Emergency management teams, the military, and countless public and private organizations staged a massive relief effort. Dependency on electrical utility power became a pronounced problem as emergency services were rendered to survivors and the rebuilding process started. Many of the energy needs of emergency management organizations, relief workers, and the general public can be satisfied with solar electric energy systems. Photovoltaic (PV) power generated from solar energy is quiet, safe, inexhaustible and pollution-free. Previously, photovoltaics have supplied emergency power for Hurricanes Hugo and Andrew, and the earthquake at Northridge in Southern California. This document focuses on photovoltaic technology and its application to disaster relief efforts.

Young, W.R. Jr.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood disaster protection" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Rights-based evaluation of government responses to a given 'natural' disaster : Katrina as case study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Disaster impacts human mobility and a rights-based approach to disaster response is needed to protect the human rights of those who seek migration as an adaptation strategy. This paper deals with returning to a place after ...

Haeffner, Melissa (Melissa Ann)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Polymer flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book covers all aspects of polymer flooding, an enhanced oil recovery method using water soluble polymers to increase the viscosity of flood water, for the displacement of crude oil from porous reservoir rocks. Although this method is becoming increasingly important, there is very little literature available for the engineer wishing to embark on such a project. In the past, polymer flooding was mainly the subject of research. The results of this research are spread over a vast number of single publications, making it difficult for someone who has not kept up-to-date with developments during the last 10-15 years to judge the suitability of polymer flooding to a particular field case. This book tries to fill that gap. An indispensable book for reservoir engineers, production engineers and lab. technicians within the petroleum industry.

Littmann, W.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

A Regional Response to Climate Information Needs during the 1993 Flood  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effective responses by government agencies, businesses, and private industry to climate disasters such as the disastrous Mississippi River flood of 1993 hinge on the regional availability of diverse up-to-date weather, climate, and water ...

Kenneth E. Kunkel; Stanley A. Changnon; Steven E. Hollinger; Beth C. Reinke; Wayne M. Wendland; James R. Angel

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

WTC Disaster Study Recommendations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Technical aspects of evacuation and emergency response procedures; Specific ... resulting from the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster study impact ...

2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

25

DISASTER PLAN Library Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New York: Neal-Schuman; 1992. Kahn, Miriam. Disaster Response and Prevention for Computer And DataDISASTER PLAN Library Materials For the University of Toronto Library System September 2013 disaster planning for archives, libraries and record centres. Second edition. Boston: Scarecrow Press, 2002

Sokolowski, Marla

26

Information Products Laboratory for Emergency Response The three-tiered disaster management approach, disaster planning, disaster response and disaster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IPLER Information Products Laboratory for Emergency Response 1 The three-tiered disaster management approach, disaster planning, disaster response and disaster recovery, is ripe for innovation through on understanding user needs in terms of disaster management and response, defining the range of possible solutions

Zanibbi, Richard

27

WESTERN UNIVERSITY Disaster Plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.7 Assumptions 1.7.1 Emergency 1.7.2 Disaster 1.8 Concept of Operations 1.8.1 Background 1.8.2 Emergency Response/Administrative Unit Responsibilities 1.8.8 Situation Reports 2. UTILIZING THE DISASTER PLAN 2.1 Emergency Process Members ­ Individual Responsibilities #12;WESTERN UNIVERSITY Disaster Plan January, 2013 2.7.1 VP

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

28

Natural Disasters: Some Empirical  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. j N8SIR 74-473 Natural Disasters: Some Empirical and Economic Considerations G. Thomas Sav Buildine Economies ...

2008-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

29

Project: Disaster and Failure Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... evacuation procedures, and the technical, social and economic factors that affect pre-disaster mitigation activities and post-disaster response efforts ...

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

30

New York City's Vulnerability to Coastal Flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New York City, New York (NYC), is extremely vulnerable to coastal flooding; thus, verification and improvements in storm surge models are needed in order to protect both life and property. This paper highlights the Stony Brook Storm Surge (SBSS) ...

Brian A. Colle; Frank Buonaiuto; Malcolm J. Bowman; Robert E. Wilson; Roger Flood; Robert Hunter; Alexander Mintz; Douglas Hill

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Re: response to oil disaster; spoil islands and Army Corps Haze, Pam K, Gould, Rowan , Ashe, Dan,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

History: Re: response to oil disaster; spoil islands and Army Corps t Haze, Pam K, Gould, Rowan:59:082010 Subject: FW: response to oil disaster; spoil islands and Army Corps at sure who to ask abou this are dredged, may be a disaster to the very same resources we want to protect from the oil. Can you please find

Fleskes, Joe

32

Disaster: would your community bounce back?  

SciTech Connect

What makes some communities or organizations able to quickly bounce back from a disaster, while others take a long time to recover? This question has become very important for emergency planners in federal, state, and local government - particularly since the 9/11 attacks and Hurricane Katrina, which nearly destroyed New Orleans five years ago. These events have made people aware that we can't always prevent disasters, but might be able to improve the ability of communities and regions to respond to and bounce back from major disruptions. Social scientists have found that most communities are, in fact, quite resilient to most disasters. People tend to work together, overcome divisions, identify problems, and develop improvised solutions. This often leads to a greater sense of community and a sense of personal accomplishment. Long-term recovery can be harder, but rebuilding can create jobs and stimulate economies. Communities may even end up better than they were before. But there are some disturbing exceptions to this trend, including Hurricane Katrina. The hurricane killed many people, the federal and local emergency response was not effective, people who could not evacuate were housed in the Superdome and Convention Center in terrible conditions, crime was prevalent, and local government did not appear to have control over the situation. A significant portion of the population was eventually evacuated to other cities. Even five years later, many people have not returned, and large parts of the city have not been rebuilt. Clearly, New Orleans lacked sufficient resilience to overcome a disaster of the magnitude of Katrina. There are four factors that social scientists are beginning to agree are important for community resilience: (1) A strong, diverse economy - Stable jobs, good incomes, diversity of industries, personal savings; (2) Robust social networks - Community members know each other, help each other, and have connections outside the community; (3) Competent organizations - Government, health care, community service, and religious organizations are competent and trustworthy, and have resources to handle community needs; and (4) High-quality infrastructure - Road, power, and water systems (etc.) are in good condition and are designed to provide service even if some connections are destroyed. To explore how these factors make communities resilient, I will tell two stories of disasters. The first is the Buffalo Creek flood, which wiped out a coal mining community in West Virginia in 1972. This is a classic example of community that was not resilient in the aftermath of a disaster. The second example is the Vietnamese immigrant community in the Versailles neighborhood of New Orleans. In spite of being relatively poor and culturally isolated, this community was one of the first to fully rebound following Hurricane Katrina.

Sims, Benjamin H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

33

Extreme Flood Response: The June 2008 Flooding in Iowa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We examine the hydroclimatology, hydrometeorology and hydrology of extreme floods through analyses that center on the June 2008 flooding in Iowa. The most striking feature of the June 2008 flooding was the flood peak of the Cedar River at Cedar ...

James A. Smith; Mary Lynn Baeck; Gabriele Villarini; Daniel B. Wright; Witold Krajewski

34

wind engineering & natural disaster mitigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wind engineering & natural disaster mitigation #12;wind engineering & natural disaster mitigation Investment WindEEE Dome at Advanced Manufacturing Park $31million Insurance Research Lab for Better Homes $8million Advanced Facility for Avian Research $9million #12;wind engineering & natural disaster mitigation

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

35

Steam-flooding  

SciTech Connect

Steam-flooding has become an established recovery technique within the last 20 years. This overview discusses its evolution, methods for selecting and designing steam-floods, constraints, and possible improvements. The term steam-flooding is used here in a general sense. The discussion includes steam soak (cyclic steam injection) and steam drive.

Matthews, C.S.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Floods in Pakistan: Socio-political and 'techno-nature' challenges a first glance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Floods in Pakistan: Socio-political and 'techno-nature' challenges ­ a first glance Urs Geiser 1. Over the coming days, rains continued not only in Northwest Pakistan, but in Baluchistan as well quarter of Pakistan's land area is inundated. The spatial spread of the disaster is well known

Richner, Heinz

37

COUNTER DISASTER AND RECOVERY PLAN -UNIVERSITY RECORDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

...................................................................................10 3.1 Disaster Response and Recovery Team...........................................10 3.2 Emergency Disaster Response.......................................................................23 6.1 AssessingCOUNTER DISASTER AND RECOVERY PLAN - UNIVERSITY RECORDS Records Management & Archives Murdoch

38

Household Preparedness for Tornado Hazards: The 2011 Disaster in DeKalb County, Alabama  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper contributes to existing knowledge on factors that influence adoption of hazards adjustments for tornadoes. The Protective Action Decision Model provides the theoretical basis for the study, which was conducted after the 2011 disaster in ...

Philip L. Chaney; Greg S. Weaver; Susan A. Youngblood; Kristin Pitts

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Household Preparedness for Tornado Hazards: The 2011 Disaster in DeKalb County, Alabama  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper contributes to existing knowledge on factors that influence adoption of hazards adjustments for tornadoes. The Protective Action Decision Model provides the theoretical basis for the study, which was conducted after the 2011 disaster in ...

Philip L. Chaney; Greg S. Weaver; Susan A. Youngblood; Kristin Pitts

40

Modernization in the National Weather Service River and Flood Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrologic forecasting is vital not only to the National Weather Service mission of saying lives and protecting property but also to our nation's water management decision makers. Since its inception, the River and Flood Program has continually ...

D.L. Fread; R.C. Shedd; G.F. Smith; R. Farnsworth; C.N. Hoffeditz; L.A. Wenzel; S.M. Wiele; J.A. Smith; G.N. Day

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood disaster protection" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

NIST, FEMA Strengthen Disaster Response and Research ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... history of successful collaborations following disasters, it is ... of mutual interest in fire, disaster prevention and ... a need for a NIST response to extreme ...

2013-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

42

Disaster Resilient Buildings and Infrastructure (+$5 million)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... fires) from becoming disasters by increasing the disaster resilience of the nation's buildings and infrastructure. The need for response and recovery ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

43

Disaster Declarations USDA | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

county-level records of disaster designations made by the US Secretary of Agriculture in response to widespread and severe drought. Tags Disaster,Drought,Freeze,Hurricane,Earthqu...

44

Decontaminating Flooded Wells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This publication explains how to decontaminate and disinfect a well, test the well water and check for well damage after a flood.

Boellstorff, Diana; Dozier, Monty; Provin, Tony; Dictson, Nikkoal; McFarland, Mark L.

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

45

Wind Engineering & Natural Disaster Mitigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind Engineering & Natural Disaster Mitigation For more than 45 years, Western University has been internationally recognized as the leading university for wind engineering and wind- related research. Its of environmental disaster mitigation, with specific strengths in wind and earthquake research. Boundary Layer Wind

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

46

Federal Flood Assessment Conference Recommendations and Proceedings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Beginning in late July and continuing through mid September 2006 the Paso del Norte region, consisting of El Paso City and County, Texas, southern New Mexico and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, experienced a number of record high precipitation events and severe localized and widespread flooding. According to the National Weather service, the July 31 to August 4 rains alone were more like a 100-150 year recurring event over the areas hardest hit. These floods that continued over a period of more than a month caused extensive and costly damage to infrastructure, homes, businesses and other property to the extent the region was declared a Federal Disaster Area. In this bi-national, three state region many different Federal agencies and other organizations have jurisdiction or roles in forecasting climate and river flows, monitoring hydrology, water management operations, flood control design and construction, security, infrastructure, communication and disaster assistance. Congressman Silvestre Reyes convened this Federal Flood Assessment Conference to tap into the recent experiences regarding levels of coordination between federal agencies during this month's flood control operations in the Hatch/Las Cruces area of southern New Mexico and the El Paso/Juarez area of West Texas. This meeting between the federal water management agencies was foreseen as timely and important for reviewing the effects of the storm and to offer recommendations for needed changes and improvements. Valuable information was shared at the conference that will greatly assist in assessing the flood events, improving management and coordination among federal agencies and mitigating future impacts. Insight gained from the conference and the follow up summary reports contained in the proceedings will also help lay the groundwork for future planning and coordination with state and local agencies, irrigation districts and other organizations. One of Congressman Reyes’ desired outcomes from the conference is a proceedings report containing summaries of each organization’s observations, responses and recommendations regarding the area’s flood events. This conference proceedings and recommendation report contains a summary of priority agency and organization recommendations, conference agenda, list of participants, individual agency follow up reports identifying the agency responsibilities, flood event impacts from the agency perspective, agency actions, lessons learned, communication successes, full list of agency priority recommendations, identification of planned incident reports and agency contact information. Infrastructure funding, improved communication, river and levee maintenance, and the need for additional weather and gauging stations, telemetry and coordinated or centralized access to real-time monitoring data are among the highest priority recommendations. A summary of common priority recommendations follows this section. A more complete list of agency and organization priority recommendations is provided following the individual agency reports. The report also includes agency conference Power Point presentations and as additional background, maps showing gauging station locations and monitoring organizations.

Reyes, Silvestre; Brock, Peter; Michelsen, Ari

2006-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

47

Distillation Column Flooding Predictor  

SciTech Connect

The Flooding Predictor™ is a patented advanced control technology proven in research at the Separations Research Program, University of Texas at Austin, to increase distillation column throughput by over 6%, while also increasing energy efficiency by 10%. The research was conducted under a U. S. Department of Energy Cooperative Agreement awarded to George Dzyacky of 2ndpoint, LLC. The Flooding Predictor™ works by detecting the incipient flood point and controlling the column closer to its actual hydraulic limit than historical practices have allowed. Further, the technology uses existing column instrumentation, meaning no additional refining infrastructure is required. Refiners often push distillation columns to maximize throughput, improve separation, or simply to achieve day-to-day optimization. Attempting to achieve such operating objectives is a tricky undertaking that can result in flooding. Operators and advanced control strategies alike rely on the conventional use of delta-pressure instrumentation to approximate the column’s approach to flood. But column delta-pressure is more an inference of the column’s approach to flood than it is an actual measurement of it. As a consequence, delta pressure limits are established conservatively in order to operate in a regime where the column is never expected to flood. As a result, there is much “left on the table” when operating in such a regime, i.e. the capacity difference between controlling the column to an upper delta-pressure limit and controlling it to the actual hydraulic limit. The Flooding Predictor™, an innovative pattern recognition technology, controls columns at their actual hydraulic limit, which research shows leads to a throughput increase of over 6%. Controlling closer to the hydraulic limit also permits operation in a sweet spot of increased energy-efficiency. In this region of increased column loading, the Flooding Predictor is able to exploit the benefits of higher liquid/vapor traffic that produce increased contact area and lead to substantial increases in separation efficiency – which translates to a 10% increase in energy efficiency on a BTU/bbl basis. The Flooding Predictor™ operates on the principle that between five to sixty minutes in advance of a flooding event, certain column variables experience an oscillation, a pre-flood pattern. The pattern recognition system of the Flooding Predictor™ utilizes the mathematical first derivative of certain column variables to identify the column’s pre-flood pattern(s). This pattern is a very brief, highly repeatable, simultaneous movement among the derivative values of certain column variables. While all column variables experience negligible random noise generated from the natural frequency of the process, subtle pre-flood patterns are revealed among sub-sets of the derivative values of column variables as the column approaches its hydraulic limit. The sub-set of column variables that comprise the pre-flood pattern is identified empirically through in a two-step process. First, 2ndpoint’s proprietary off-line analysis tool is used to mine historical data for pre-flood patterns. Second, the column is flood-tested to fine-tune the pattern recognition for commissioning. Then the Flooding Predictor™ is implemented as closed-loop advanced control strategy on the plant’s distributed control system (DCS), thus automating control of the column at its hydraulic limit.

George E. Dzyacky

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

48

Modeling Fragility in Rapidly Evolving Disaster Response Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-Organizational Disaster Response Systems." Pittsburgh,in Rapidly Evolving Disaster Response Systems Louise K.capacity in an actual disaster response system to determine

Comfort, Louise K.; Ko, Kilkon; Zagorecki, Adam

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Disaster City Safety  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Safety. What Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is needed to participate in this event? Personal ... On Site Safety Comes First. Be ...

2012-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

50

Polymer flooding review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reviews published results of the use of polymers to improve oil recovery. A discussion of the capabilities of the available types of polymers and where they have been successful is coupled with the principles of the mechanisms of polymer flooding to serve as a guide for future applications. The scope of this review is limited to case histories where full-scale polymer floods were applied, as opposed to near-well treatments.

Needham, R.B.; Doe, P.H.

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Disinfecting Water after a Disaster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This publication explains how to disinfect water after a flood, as well as where to find water in an emergency when supplies are limited.

Dozier, Monty; Schoessow, Courtney

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

52

Surviving the Titantic Disaster: Economic, Natural and Social Determinants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1986. Human System Responses to Disaster: An Inventory ofand Community Response to Disasters, Book and monograph#8.

Frey, Bruno S; Savage, David A; Torgler, Benno

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Why Conduct Disaster and Failure Studies. Buildings, bridges ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... in materials, and manmade disasters, including terrorist ... The study of disaster and failure events is ... evacuation and emergency response procedures ...

2012-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

54

New Website Offers Easy Access to NIST Disaster and Failure ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... failures caused by natural disasters, fires and ... and outcomes of their disaster and failure ... events; associated emergency response and evacuation ...

2011-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

55

Flood Protection and Dam Safety (Virginia)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

All dams in Virginia are subject to the Dam Safety Act and Dam Safety Regulations unless specifically excluded. A dam is excluded if it: (a) is less than six feet high; (b) has a maximum capacity...

56

Authority in Online Disaster Relief Communities 1 Running Head: AUTHORITY IN ONLINE DISASTER RELIEF COMMUNITIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

). The magnitude of the disaster overwhelmed institutions normally responsible for providing relief--forums, bulletin boards, blogs, and personal websites--to coordinate a massive grassroots response to the disasterAuthority in Online Disaster Relief Communities 1 Running Head: AUTHORITY IN ONLINE DISASTER RELIEF

Kiesler, Sara

57

Resilience in the Face of Disaster: Accounting for Varying Disaster Magnitudes, Resource  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

problem in disaster management is the complexity inherent in an emer- gency response. As such, plannersResilience in the Face of Disaster: Accounting for Varying Disaster Magnitudes, Resource Topologies-Based Model platform for urban disaster simulation and emergency planning, features a variety of reality

Mishra, Bud

58

Designing intelligent disaster prediction models and systems for debris-flow disasters in Taiwan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effective disaster prediction relies on using correct disaster decision model to predict the disaster occurrence accurately. This study proposes three effective debris-flow prediction models and an inference engine to predict and decide the debris-flow ... Keywords: Back-propagation network, Debris-flow prediction models, Decision support system, Disaster prevention, Mobile multimedia communications

Hsu-Yang Kung; Chi-Hua Chen; Hao-Hsiang Ku

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Components of disaster-tolerant computing: analysis of disaster recovery, IT application downtime and executive visibility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides a review of disaster-tolerant Information Technology (IT). The state of traditional disaster recovery approaches is outlined. The risks of IT application downtime attributable to the increasing dependence on critical information ... Keywords: IT application availability, IT application downtime, business continuity, complex infrastructure systems, criticality-driven, disaster recovery, disaster tolerance, disaster-tolerant computing, emergency management, executive visibility, information technology, interaction, interdependent, survivability

Chad M. Lawler; Michael A. Harper; Stephen A. Szygenda; Mitchell A. Thornton

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Eventdriven, Rolebased Mobility in Disaster Recovery Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-1-59593-737-7/07/0009 ...$5.00. disaster response scenarios, understanding communication patterns in such networks is criticalEvent­driven, Role­based Mobility in Disaster Recovery Networks Samuel C. Nelson, Albert F. Harris important tools in understanding the com- plex characteristics of disaster recovery networks is simula- tion

Kravets, Robin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood disaster protection" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Middleware Support for Disaster Response Infrastructure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Middleware Support for Disaster Response Infrastructure Jun Suzuki and Tatsuya Suda jsuzuki established in a disaster area to evacuate victims and aid emergency response crews. · Various devises participate in the disaster ad-hoc nets. ­ Victims carry their own devices. ­ Emergency response crews carry

Suzuki, Jun

62

DISASTER POLICY Including Extreme Emergent Situations (EES)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the ACGME website with information relating to the ACGME response to the disaster. 3. The University-specific Program Requirements. Defined Responsibilities Following the Declaration of a Disaster or Extreme EmergentPage 123 DISASTER POLICY Including Extreme Emergent Situations (EES) The University of Connecticut

Oliver, Douglas L.

63

Forecasting demand of commodities after natural disasters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Demand forecasting after natural disasters is especially important in emergency management. However, since the time series of commodities demand after natural disasters usually has a great deal of nonlinearity and irregularity, it has poor prediction ... Keywords: ARIMA, Demand forecasting, EMD, Emergency management, Natural disaster

Xiaoyan Xu; Yuqing Qi; Zhongsheng Hua

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Collaborative Post-Disaster Damage Mapping via Geo Web Services  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Action focus on post disaster re- sponse, frequently linking disaster response and management efforts disaster response. ImageCat Inc., for example, has been developing tools for more efficient image based disaster response, most re- cently the Virtual Disaster Viewer (VDV) based on MS Virtual Earth, which

Köbben, Barend

65

Quantitative Flood Forecasting on Small- and Medium-Sized Basins: A Probabilistic Approach for Operational Purposes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The forecast of rainfall-driven floods is one of the main themes of analysis in hydrometeorology and a critical issue for civil protection systems. This work describes a complete hydrometeorological forecast system for small- and medium-sized ...

Francesco Silvestro; Nicola Rebora; Luca Ferraris

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Dealing with Disaster: The San Francisco Earthquake of 1906  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the economic response to the disaster and the rebuildingat cities and their response to disasters more closely intrace of the sort of responses to disaster typical of pre-

Strupp, Christoph

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Disaster Planning and Mitigation Technologies, Interim Technology Inventory Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural and person-caused disasters are increasing in frequency and magnitude, and these disasters are taking an ever increasing economic and personal toll. This report identifies technologies that can help utilities, their customers, and their communities cope with disasters.

1998-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

68

NREL: Technology Deployment - Disaster Resiliency and Recovery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

government, non-profits, and communities to address the energy-related considerations of disaster prevention and planning, response and recovery, and rebuilding. a woman leads a...

69

Web-based methods in terrorism and disaster research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

studies of responses to disasters and other traumatic lifeneed for rapid response following disasters has pushed thedisaster or terrorism studies -- including rapid response

Schlenger, W E; Silver, Roxane Cohen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

From Tragedy to Triumph - Rebuilding Green Buildings after Disaster...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Green Buildings after Disaster, EERE (Fact Sheet) From Tragedy to Triumph - Rebuilding Green Buildings after Disaster, EERE (Fact Sheet) Fact sheet offering practical information...

71

Improving Gas Flooding Efficiency  

SciTech Connect

This study focuses on laboratory studies with related analytical and numerical models, as well as work with operators for field tests to enhance our understanding of and capabilities for more efficient enhanced oil recovery (EOR). Much of the work has been performed at reservoir conditions. This includes a bubble chamber and several core flood apparatus developed or modified to measure interfacial tension (IFT), critical micelle concentration (CMC), foam durability, surfactant sorption at reservoir conditions, and pressure and temperature effects on foam systems.Carbon dioxide and N{sub 2} systems have been considered, under both miscible and immiscible conditions. The injection of CO2 into brine-saturated sandstone and carbonate core results in brine saturation reduction in the range of 62 to 82% brine in the tests presented in this paper. In each test, over 90% of the reduction occurred with less than 0.5 PV of CO{sub 2} injected, with very little additional brine production after 0.5 PV of CO{sub 2} injected. Adsorption of all considered surfactant is a significant problem. Most of the effect is reversible, but the amount required for foaming is large in terms of volume and cost for all considered surfactants. Some foams increase resistance to the value beyond what is practical in the reservoir. Sandstone, limestone, and dolomite core samples were tested. Dissolution of reservoir rock and/or cement, especially carbonates, under acid conditions of CO2 injection is a potential problem in CO2 injection into geological formations. Another potential change in reservoir injectivity and productivity will be the precipitation of dissolved carbonates as the brine flows and pressure decreases. The results of this report provide methods for determining surfactant sorption and can be used to aid in the determination of surfactant requirements for reservoir use in a CO{sub 2}-foam flood for mobility control. It also provides data to be used to determine rock permeability changes during CO{sub 2} flooding due to saturation changes, dissolution, and precipitation.

Reid Grigg; Robert Svec; Zheng Zeng; Alexander Mikhalin; Yi Lin; Guoqiang Yin; Solomon Ampir; Rashid Kassim

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

72

Techniques for Disaster Tolerant Information Technology Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

& BACKGROUND A disaster is an event that can cause system-wide malfunction or outage as a result of one or more. A cascading failure resulting from a disaster may be characterized as a series of system outages, such that an initial disturbance causes one or more dependent system outages [1, 2]. A catastrophe, characterized

Thornton, Mitchell

73

Distributed Disaster Disclosure Bernard Mans1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distributed Disaster Disclosure Bernard Mans1 , Stefan Schmid2 , and Roger Wattenhofer3 1 sensed the event, in order to raise--if necessary--a disaster alarm. This paper presents distributed algorithms for this problem. Concretely, our algorithms aim at minimizing both the response time as well

Schmid, Stefan

74

Emergency Response, Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Emergency Response, Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery at UCAR Presented by Stephen Sadler the "university" system ·Open Campus ·Public Access-Mesa Lab #12;Emergency Response, Disaster Recovery Issues Response ·Install backup power #12;Curtailed Public Access if Necessary (3 times since 2000

75

Disaster waste management: A review article  

SciTech Connect

Depending on their nature and severity, disasters can create large volumes of debris and waste. The waste can overwhelm existing solid waste management facilities and impact on other emergency response and recovery activities. If poorly managed, the waste can have significant environmental and public health impacts and can affect the overall recovery process. This paper presents a system overview of disaster waste management based on existing literature. The main literature available to date comprises disaster waste management plans or guidelines and isolated case studies. There is ample discussion on technical management options such as temporary storage sites, recycling, disposal, etc.; however, there is little or no guidance on how these various management options are selected post-disaster. The literature does not specifically address the impact or appropriateness of existing legislation, organisational structures and funding mechanisms on disaster waste management programmes, nor does it satisfactorily cover the social impact of disaster waste management programmes. It is envisaged that the discussion presented in this paper, and the literature gaps identified, will form a basis for future comprehensive and cohesive research on disaster waste management. In turn, research will lead to better preparedness and response to disaster waste management problems.

Brown, Charlotte, E-mail: charlotte.brown@pg.canterbury.ac.nz [University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8140 (New Zealand); Milke, Mark, E-mail: mark.milke@canterbury.ac.nz [University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8140 (New Zealand); Seville, Erica, E-mail: erica.seville@canterbury.ac.nz [University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8140 (New Zealand)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

76

A Rapid Loss Index for Tropical Cyclone Disasters in China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Disaster emergency response needs rapid estimation on disaster loss. In China it is of great importance to develop a loss index for rapidly assessing tropical cyclone (TC) disaster loss. In this paper, a new composite loss index for TC landing on China ... Keywords: Tropical Cyclone, Disaster, Loss Index, Rapid Loss Assessment

Ying Li; Weihua Fang

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Disaster Preparedness, Response and Recovery Plan Adopted May 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Disaster Preparedness, Response and Recovery Plan Adopted May 2009 COLLEGE OF BUSINESS DISASTER PREPAREDNESS, RESPONSE AND RECOVERY PLAN The Board of Regents has mandated that the University have a disaster in effect during a campus closure. #12;Disaster Preparedness, Response and Recovery Plan Adopted May 2009

Selmic, Sandra

78

ETC Alert Disaster Procedure, 8am 5pm Weekdays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

work area "The hospital disaster response plan is in effect. Remain at your regular duties and awaitETC Alert Disaster Procedure, 8am ­ 5pm Weekdays ETC ALERT DISASTER ETC Charge Nurse Hospital Operator ETC Tech 3JCP Reception Pager 3735 Phone 6-3350 General Diagnostic Supervisor (Disaster Only) Ass

79

Agent-Based Coordination Technologies in Disaster (Demo Paper)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be applied is that of emergency response or disaster management. Disaster management has become an importantAgent-Based Coordination Technologies in Disaster Management (Demo Paper) Sarvapali D. Ramchurn issue in the last few years due to the large number of disasters occurring such as hurricane Katrina

Vetsikas, Ioannis

80

Performance and Economics of Minnelusa Polymer Floods  

SciTech Connect

The secondary recovery processes of waterflooding and polymer flooding commonly used in the Minnelusa formation are compared. Flood efficiency is improved using polymer technology. Less water is injected and less water produced to recover a barrel of oil. Flood life is shortened. Results of the Simpson Ranch polymer flood show that investment in polymer technology is profitable.

Mack, J.C.; Duvall, M.L.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood disaster protection" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Loudon surfactant flood pilot--overview and update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A successful surfactant (microemulsion) flood pilot test in a watered-out portion of the Weiler sand, Loudon Field, Illinois (USA) was completed in October, 1981. The microemulsion system tested was designed to be effective in the presence of highsalinity formation water containing 104,000 ppm (mg/1) total dissolved solids (TDS) without use of a preflush. The test was conducted in a single, 0.68acre (2752 m/sup 2/) 5-spot operated in a manner that approximated a confined pattern. The test was highly successful, recovering 60% of the oil remaining after waterflood. Cores from a post-flood well drilled within the pattern have confirmed the low final oil saturations and low surfactant retention achieved in the flood. Although oil recovery was excellent, loss of mobility control in the polymer drive bank and premature breakthrough of lower-salinity drive water were observed part-way through the test. Laboratory and field studies conducted since flood termination have confirmed that loss was caused by bacterial degradation of the xanthan biopolymer used. Several biocides were tested in the laboratory and in a field injection experiment to determine their effectiveness against the bacteria contaminating the pilot. Formaldehyde was shown to kill bacteria within the formation, have negligible absorption on reservoir rock, and permit propagation of undegraded polymer. Based on these test results, formaldehyde should protect xanthan biopolymer from bacterial degradation in future microemulsion floods at Loudon.

Bragg, J.R.; Canning, J.W.; Gale, W.W.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

The Haiti Earthquake: Disaster Lessons and Response from an Emergency Medicine Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Director. As in all disaster responses, two important issuesare local: an effective disaster response depends on localEarthquake: Disaster Lessons and Response from an Emergency

Lee, Sharon; Tenny, Montessa

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Reconstruction through collaboration: Negotiation of the housing process in disaster recovery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

unexpected: Disaster preparedness and response in the Unitedthe physical labor of disaster response. In comparison, 35%However, the shape of disaster response depends in part upon

Hamid, Bauni

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Calls to Action -- Climate-Related Disasters: Humanitarian Challenges and Reconstruction Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improvements in Disaster Response and Shelter Disastersis often a necessity in disaster response. The manufacturingfocused on disaster response and risk reduction. •

Suarez, Pablo; Saunders, Graham; Mendler, Sandra; Lemaire, Isabelle; Karol, Jorge; Curtis, Laura

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Oilfield flooding polymer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A monomer, polymers containing the monomer, and the use of the polymer in oilfield flooding is disclosed. The subject monomer is represented by the general formula: ##STR1## wherein: n is an integer from 0 to about 4; m is an integer from 0 to about 6; a is an integer equal to at least 1 except where m is equal to 0, a must equal 0 and where m is equal to 1, a must equal 0 or 1; p is an integer from 2 to about 10; b is an integer equal to at least 1 and is of sufficient magnitude that the ratio b/p is at least 0.2; and q is an integer from 0 to 2. The number of hydroxy groups in the monomer is believed to be critical, and therefore the sum of (a+b) divided by the sum (m+p) should be at least 0.2. The moieties linked to the acrylic nitrogen can be joined to provide a ringed structure.

Martin, Fred D. (Socorro, NM); Hatch, Melvin J. (Socorro, NM); Shepitka, Joel S. (Socorro, NM); Donaruma, Lorraine G. (Syosset, NY)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Fax registration of information about disaster victims  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We are developing a survival-information registration system called IAA system. The IAA system allows disaster victims to register their survival information (kind of injuries, damage to property, etc.) through the Internet. However, elderly people were ...

Tsuyoshi Ebina; Fumiko Matsumoto; Hiroyuki Ohno

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Returning Home After a Disaster: Supply List  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When you return home after a disaster, you will want to have sturdy shoes, proper tools, clothes and medications for several days, and a first-aid kit. This publication also includes a list of necessary cleaning supplies.

Norman, Lisa

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

88

Workforce management strategies in a disaster scenario.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model of the repair operations of the voice telecommunications network is used to study labor management strategies under a disaster scenario where the workforce is overwhelmed. The model incorporates overtime and fatigue functions and optimizes the deployment of the workforce based on the cost of the recovery and the time it takes to recover. The analysis shows that the current practices employed in workforce management in a disaster scenario are not optimal and more strategic deployment of that workforce is beneficial.

Kelic, Andjelka; Turk, Adam L.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

The Magnificence of the Disaster: Reconstructing the Sony Bmg Rootkit Incident  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

communications, and disaster response services. The worst-the most recent disaster, any use- ful response must attempt

Mulligan, Deirdre; Perzanowski, Aaron K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Autonomous Exploration and Mapping of Flooded Sinkholes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe the control, navigation, and mapping methods that were developed for a hovering autonomous underwater vehicle that explored flooded cenotes in Mexico. The cenotes of Sistema Zacatón in Tamaulipas, Mexico are flooded ...

Nathaniel Fairfield; George Kantor; Dominic Jonak; David Wettergreen

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Catastrophic Rainfall and Flooding in Texas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heavy rainfall and flooding occurred on the Gulf Coastal Plain physiographic province of southeastern Texas in October 1994 and caused 22 deaths and more than $1 billion in damages. Record flooding occurred in the 1085 km2 Spring Creek catchment, ...

James A. Smith; Mary Lynn Baeck; Julia E. Morrison; Paula Sturdevant-Rees

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Response Robot Evaluation Exercise Disaster City, TX DAY 1 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Response Robot Evaluation Exercise Disaster City, TX and Meeting of the ASTM International Committee on Homeland ...

2012-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

93

Conceptual Modeling in Disaster Planning Using Agent Constructs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A disaster plan contains rules to be used by responders to deal with a disaster and save lives. Usually, the plan is not enacted by those who created it. This results in difficulty for responders in utilizating the plan. Conceptual models have been used ... Keywords: Disaster Management, Intelligent Agent, Modeling Grammar

Kafui Monu; Carson Woo

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Energy Efficient Routing in Ad Hoc Disaster Recovery Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, during the rescue attempts in the World Trade Center disaster site, the Wireless Emergency Response TeamEnergy Efficient Routing in Ad Hoc Disaster Recovery Networks Gil Zussman and Adrian Segall, energy conserving, power aware, disaster recovery networks, ad hoc networks, smart badges, IEEE 802.15 1

Zussman, Gil

95

Traffic Measurement and Statistical Analysis in a Disaster Area Scenario  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-of-Hospital] disaster response."([5]) Public safety units need reliable communication independent of any inTraffic Measurement and Statistical Analysis in a Disaster Area Scenario Nils Aschenbruck, Matthias, 53117 Bonn, Germany {aschenbruck, matthew, martini, toelle}@cs.uni-bonn.de Abstract-- Disaster areas

Frank, Matthias

96

Statistical Analysis of Traffic Measurements in a Disaster Area Scenario  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

challenges of information sharing in OOH [Out-of-Hospital] disaster response."([1]) Performance evaluationStatistical Analysis of Traffic Measurements in a Disaster Area Scenario Considering Heavy Load-- Catastrophes cause an area of destruction including destroyed infrastructure. These disaster area scenarios

Frank, Matthias

97

Managing Risk in Disaster Scenarios with Autonomous Robots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of damage. · The initial response to the disaster is limited to only those local rescue assets that have had some limited use in disaster response, most notably the responses led by the Center for Robot1 Managing Risk in Disaster Scenarios with Autonomous Robots Daniel P. Stormont and Vicki H. Allan

Allan, Vicki H.

98

Agent-Based Coalition Formation in Disaster Response Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agent-Based Coalition Formation in Disaster Response Applications Ladislau B¨ol¨oni, Senior Member-based coalition formation ap- proach for disaster response applications. We assume that agents are operating 1. INTRODUCTION Efficient disaster response requires participants to form teams and coordinate

Bölöni, Ladislau L

99

Dynamic Resource Allocation in Disaster Response: Tradeoffs in Wildfire Suppression  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic Resource Allocation in Disaster Response: Tradeoffs in Wildfire Suppression Nada Petrovic1: Petrovic N, Alderson DL, Carlson JM (2012) Dynamic Resource Allocation in Disaster Response: Tradeoffs with the allocation of limited resources to mitigate the impact of natural disasters inspire fundamentally new

Carlson, Jean

100

Incident and Disaster Tolerance/Response Policy COEIDTR01  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Incident and Disaster Tolerance/Response Policy COE­IDTR­01 1.0 Purpose To provide College faculty or disaster within a College-operated network closet. 2.0 Scope 2.1 Incident Response: Incident response for developing and implementing Disaster Tolerance/Recovery plans. 3.0 Policy 3.1 Incident Response: Any desktop

Demirel, Melik C.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood disaster protection" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Using Remote Sensing for Natural Disaster Management Tara Srihari  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and maintenance [5]. #12;2.1 Acquiring Data Disaster response is dynamic and time sensitive. Some data needsUsing Remote Sensing for Natural Disaster Management Tara Srihari Department of Computing Sciences.srihari@villanova.edu December 8, 2008 Abstract Natural disasters can cause devastating human, property, and economic loss

102

Energy Efficient Routing in Ad Hoc Disaster Recovery Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

disaster site, the Wireless Emergency Response Team (WERT) attempted to locate survivors through signalsEnergy Efficient Routing in Ad Hoc Disaster Recovery Networks Gil Zussman and Adrian Segall. Keywords: Routing, Energy efficient, Energy conserving, Power aware, Disaster recovery networks, Ad hoc

Zussman, Gil

103

Distributed Scheduling Agents for Disaster Response Laura Barbulescu1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distributed Scheduling Agents for Disaster Response Laura Barbulescu1 , Zachary B. Rubinstein1 response coordination problem. The target problem is a field exer- cise mockup of a natural disaster, where In this paper, we describe the application of a multi-agent framework for collaborative scheduling to a disaster

Wilkins, David E.

104

A Rapid Method for Detecting Geographically Disconnected Areas after Disasters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of property and the natural environment. Disaster response strategies have received a substantial amount of radiation from the damaged Fukushima nuclear plant). Appropriate disaster response strategies in disaster response operations, we believe that data communication is the key to fulfilling the above

Chen, Ling-Jyh

105

Exploring Humanoid Robots Locomotion Capabilities in Virtual Disaster Response Scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exploring Humanoid Robots Locomotion Capabilities in Virtual Disaster Response Scenarios Karim. INTRODUCTION Disaster response is attracting attention from the robotics research community, and even more by the DARPA's call on disaster operations. Hence, we focus on locomotion tasks that apparently require human

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

106

Towards Process Models for Disaster Response Dirk Fahland1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Towards Process Models for Disaster Response Dirk Fahland1 and Heiko Woith2 1 Humboldt capture process execution and adaptation. Based on experiences from actual disaster response set- tings, scenarios, Petri nets, disaster response 1 Introduction The fairly general notion of a process

107

The AROUND project: Adapting robotic disaster response to developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The AROUND project: Adapting robotic disaster response to developing countries Alain Boucher1 constraints of developing countries. Keywords: Disaster response, Multi-Robot Systems, Cheap robotics, Spatial, in terms of frequency and devastating power, of natural disasters (par- ticularly in developing countries

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

108

SENDROM: sensor networks for disaster relief operations management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

SENDROM is a new sensor network architecture to manage the rescue operations after large scale disasters. This architecture mainly consists of sensor nodes deployed prior to a disaster and central nodes that can query sensor nodes. Central nodes are ... Keywords: data dissemination, disaster relief operations, sesnor networks, task dissemination

Erdal Cayirci; Tolga Coplu

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Flood disaster mitigation: a real-world challenge problem for multi-agent unmanned surface vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As we advance the state of technology for robotic systems, there is a need for defining complex real-world challenge problems for the multi-agent/robot community to address. A well-defined challenge problem can motivate researchers to aggressively address ... Keywords: autonomy, challenge, communication, coordination, multi-agent systems, path-planning, task-allocation

Paul Scerri; Balajee Kannan; Pras Velagapudi; Kate Macarthur; Peter Stone; Matt Taylor; John Dolan; Alessandro Farinelli; Archie Chapman; Bernadine Dias; George Kantor

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Learning from Disaster? After Sendai Richard Falk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Learning from Disaster? After Sendai Richard Falk After atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and indecency of the attacks is beyond controversy. This use of atomic bombs against defenseless densely that Japan had conveyed its readiness to surrender well before the bombs had been dropped, that the U

Becker, Luann

111

Obtaining Disaster Assistance for Public Infrastructure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

County and municipal governments, as well as certain private non-profit organizations, may qualify for assistance in rebuilding public infrastructure after a natural disaster. This leaflet details the assistance programs available from the Federal Emergency Management Agency and from various other federal and state agencies.

Taylor, Greg

2005-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

112

Obtaining Disaster Assistance for Public Infrastructure (Spanish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

County and municipal governments, as well as certain private non-profit organizations, may qualify for assistance in rebuilding public infrastructure after a natural disaster. This leaflet details the assistance programs available from the Federal Emergency Management Agency and from various other federal and state agencies.

Taylor, Greg

2007-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

113

Disaster Resiliency and Recovery: Capabilities (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the nation's leader in energy efficient and renewable energy technologies, practices, and strategies. For the last 15 years, NREL has provided expertise, tools, and innovations to private industry; federal, state, and local governments; non-profit organizations; and communities during the planning, recovery, and rebuilding stages after disaster strikes.

Not Available

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Disaster Resiliency and Recovery: Capabilities (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the nation's leader in energy efficient and renewable energy technologies, practices, and strategies. For the last 15 years, NREL has provided expertise, tools, and innovations to private industry; federal, state, and local governments; non-profit organizations; and communities during the planning, recovery, and rebuilding stages after disaster strikes.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

International Disaster Medical Sciences Fellowship: Model Curriculum and Key Considerations for Establishment of an Innovative International Educational Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

approaches to organizing disaster response at all levels andPreparedness and Response to Emergencies and Disasters. Ben-Preparedness and Response to Emergencies and Disasters), 10

Koenig, Kristi L; Bey, Tareg; Schultz, Carl H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

NOAA's Rapid Response to the Howard A. Hanson Dam Flood Risk Management Crisis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Howard A. Hanson Dam (HHD) has brought flood protection to Washington's Green River Valley for more than 40 years and opened the way for increased valley development near Seattle. However, following a record high level of water behind the dam in ...

Allen B. White; Brad Colman; Gary M. Carter; F. Martin Ralph; Robert S. Webb; David G. Brandon; Clark W. King; Paul J. Neiman; Daniel J. Gottas; Isidora Jankov; Keith F. Brill; Yuejian Zhu; Kirby Cook; Henry E. Buehner; Harold Opitz; David W. Reynolds; Lawrence J. Schick

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Numerical assessment of flood hazard risk to people and vehicles in flash floods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flash flooding often leads to extremely dangerous and sometimes catastrophic conditions in rivers due to characteristics such as: short timescales, the limited opportunity for issuing warnings, and the frequent high average mortality. Many past extreme ... Keywords: Flash floods, Flood hazard risk, Numerical assessment, People safety, Vehicle safety

Junqiang Xia; Roger A. Falconer; Binliang Lin; Guangming Tan

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Influence of ENSO on Flood Frequency along the California Coast  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon on flooding in California coastal streams is investigated by analyzing the annual peak floods recorded at 38 gauging stations. The state of ENSO prior to and during flooding is ...

E. D. Andrews; Ronald C. Antweiler; Paul J. Neiman; F. Martin Ralph

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Rebuilding After Disaster: Going Green from the Ground Up (Revised)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rebuilding After Disaster: Going Green from the Ground Up (Revised) Rebuilding After Disaster: Going Green from the Ground Up (Revised) (Brochure), U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Rebuilding After Disaster: Going Green from the Ground Up (Revised) (Brochure), U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) 20-page "how-to" guide describing ways to turn a disaster into an opportunity to rebuild with greener energy technologies. It covers such topics as the importance of energy, options for communities, instructions for developing an energy plan, and other considerations. This guide is intended for the community leaders who have experienced a disaster. 45136.pdf More Documents & Publications Greensburg Webinars Q&A From Tragedy to Triumph - Rebuilding Green Buildings after Disaster, EERE

120

Rebuilding After Disaster: Going Green from the Ground Up (Revised)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

After Disaster: Going Green from the Ground Up (Revised) After Disaster: Going Green from the Ground Up (Revised) (Brochure), U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Rebuilding After Disaster: Going Green from the Ground Up (Revised) (Brochure), U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) 20-page "how-to" guide describing ways to turn a disaster into an opportunity to rebuild with greener energy technologies. It covers such topics as the importance of energy, options for communities, instructions for developing an energy plan, and other considerations. This guide is intended for the community leaders who have experienced a disaster. 45136.pdf More Documents & Publications From Tragedy to Triumph - Rebuilding Green Buildings after Disaster, EERE

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood disaster protection" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Counting on Solar Power for Disaster Relief  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

hen disaster strikes, electric power hen disaster strikes, electric power is usually the first critically important service to be lost. And the effects can be devastating. Lights go out. Furnaces, refrigerators, and other electric appliances don't work. Neither do the electric pumps that deliver our drinking water and help treat sewage. Without elec- tricity for homes, hospitals, food stores, and vital municipal services, many of our most important needs go unmet. What's more, emergency response teams need a reliable source of electric power to even begin to deal with the crisis. Without electricity, gasoline can't be pumped at local service stations to transport emergency sup- plies, and banks can't provide emergency funds. Without electric power, conventional communication systems won't work.

122

Policy Network Approach to Coordinated Disaster Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we explore the formation of network relationships among disaster relief agencies during the process of responding to an unexpected event. The relationship is investigated through variables derived from the policy network theory, and four cases from three developed countries such as (i) Hurricane Katrina in the US; (ii) Typhoon Maemi in South Korea; (iii) Kobe; and, (iv) Tohoku Earthquake in Japan that failed to cope with extreme events forms the basis for case study presented here. We argue that structural characteristics of multi-jurisdictional coordination may facilitate or impede in responding to a complex nature of recent disaster. We further highlight the promise of policy network approach in facilitating the development of multi-jurisdictional coordination process which may provide new avenue to improve the communication and coordination of hierarchical command control driven organizations with the local community. Our proposed novel approach in investigating the usefulness of network app...

Kim, Kwang Deok

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Needs for Robotic Assessments of Nuclear Disasters  

SciTech Connect

Following the nuclear disaster at the Fukushima nuclear reactor plant in Japan, the need for systems which can assist in dynamic high-radiation environments such as nuclear incidents has become more apparent. The INL participated in delivering robotic technologies to Japan and has identified key components which are needed for success and obstacles to their deployment. In addition, we are proposing new work and methods to improve assessments and reactions to such events in the future. Robotics needs in disaster situations include phases such as: Assessment, Remediation, and Recovery Our particular interest is in the initial assessment activities. In assessment we need collection of environmental parameters, determination of conditions, and physical sample collection. Each phase would require key tools and efforts to develop. This includes study of necessary sensors and their deployment methods, the effects of radiation on sensors and deployment, and the development of training and execution systems.

Victor Walker; Derek Wadsworth

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

FLOODING  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... you need only to support low load and you ... Yes, of course, energy may or may not be ... the network is, and moderate per-node resource consumption. ...

2009-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

125

Southwestern Indiana, Disaster Recovery Business Alliance: An Interim Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural and person-caused disasters are increasing in frequency and magnitude, and these disasters are taking an ever increasing economic and personal toll. This report describes the results to date of applying EPRI's Disaster Recovery Business Alliance (DRBA(SM) process in Southwestern Indiana. In this process, an initial workshop defined overall goals and objectives; and six workshops with specific goals and objectives followed. A seventh workshop is planned for December, 1998.

1998-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

126

A spatially distributed flash flood forecasting model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a distributed model that is in operational use for forecasting flash floods in northern Austria. The main challenge in developing the model was parameter identification which was addressed by a modelling strategy that involved a model ... Keywords: Distributed modelling, Dominant processes concept, Floods, Forecasting, Kalman Filter, Model accuracy, Parameter identification, Stream routing

Günter Blöschl; Christian Reszler; Jürgen Komma

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Reusing Non-Wearable Textiles in Disaster Areas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis describes a design project of a shelter solution for disaster relief in cold climates with non-wearable textiles. KICI foundation is searching for applications… (more)

Bolier, L.J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Linking post-disaster mental health to the erosion of social fabric.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation aimed to dissect the complex nature of post-disaster mental health problems. Current (research) perspectives define disaster mental health as a construct that is… (more)

Wind, T.R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Mobility control of caustic flood  

SciTech Connect

Displacement tests to date of oil field core with alkaline solutions at reservoir temperature show low tertiary oil recovery. Inadequate mobility control is singled out as the reason for such poor recovery. To test the validity of this reasoning, a laboratory study was undertaken in which a high heat resistant polymer was used as the mobility control agent in a hot alkaline solution recovery technique. A combination of varying concentration and volumes of the polymer solution was injected into the sandpack which was then flooded with hot sodium hydroxide solution. The range of polymer concentration was between 0.0% and 3.0%, while the volume varied between 0.0 pore volume and 1.7 pore volume. It was observed that polymer injection actually did improve recovery substantially and that there is an optimum concentration and slug size of polymer for a particular reservoir. Higher concentrations of pore volumes injected did not improve recovery significantly.

Alam, M.W.; Tiab, D.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Finding community through information and communication technology in disaster response  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Disasters affect not only the welfare of individuals and family groups, but also the well-being of communities, and can serve as a catalyst for innovative uses of information and communication technology (ICT). In this paper, we present evidence of ICT ... Keywords: community, computer-mediated communication, crisis informatics, disaster, emergency, innovation, wildfire

Irina Shklovski; Leysia Palen; Jeannette Sutton

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Information practices of disaster preparedness professionals in multidisciplinary groups  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

OBJECTIVE: This article summarizes the results of a descriptive qualitative study addressing the question, what are the information practices of the various professionals involved in disaster preparedness? We present key results, but focus on issues ... Keywords: disaster preparedness, information behavior, information practice, information science theory, library science research

Barbara L. Folb; Ellen G. Detlefsen; Sandra C. Quinn; Gerald Barron; Jeanette M. Trauth

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Development of USN based disaster prevention system in South Korea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is possible to construct a systematic and efficient disaster prevention system utilizing ubiquitous sensor networks and wired/wireless communication infrastructure. In this paper, we suggest and design a USN (Ubiquitous Sensor Network) platform to ... Keywords: USN, WSN, disaster, gateway, management server, prevention, ubiquitous

Dae-Hyun Ryu; Seung-Hoon Nam

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

What Previous Disasters Teach: The (Really) Hard Lessons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What Previous Disasters Teach: The (Really) Hard Lessons What Previous Disasters Teach: The (Really) Hard LessonsThe (Really) Hard Lessons of Katrina and Haiti for Humanitarian Logistics The (Really) Hard debacle or How not to do it The Port au Prince Earthquake: More Hard Lessons Implications Suggestions #12

Mitchell, John E.

134

Disaster Planning and Mitigation Technologies: Interim Technology Inventory Report #6  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural and man-caused disasters are inevitable, recurrent, and increasing in frequency and magnitude. They are taking a larger and larger economic and personal toll. This report identifies technologies and information that can assist utilities, their customers, and their communities in preventing, mitigating, and recovering from disasters.

2001-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

135

An emergency GSM satellite portable terminal for disaster management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural Disaster occurs without prior intimation and often come along with the destruction of the local telecommunication infrastructure causing severe problems for rescue operations. Emergency Telecommunication restoration systems (ETRS) play an ever-increasing ... Keywords: ETRS, GSM, abis, disaster management, satellite

P. K. Srinivasan

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

From Tragedy to Triumph - Rebuilding Green Homes after Disaster (Revised)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

From Tragedy to Triumph - Rebuilding Green Homes after Disaster From Tragedy to Triumph - Rebuilding Green Homes after Disaster (Revised) (Fact Sheet) From Tragedy to Triumph - Rebuilding Green Homes after Disaster (Revised) (Fact Sheet) These Greensburg fact sheet sheets help citizens understand what they can do as a part of the focus. Saving energy & water, using renewable energy (particular interest in small wind), driving "green", general sustainability, & living green. 45138.pdf More Documents & Publications From Tragedy to Triumph - Rebuilding Green Buildings after Disaster, EERE (Fact Sheet) Rebuilding Greensburg, Kansas, as a Model Green Community: A Case Study; NREL's Technical Assistance to Greensburg, June 2007-May 2009 From Tragedy to Triumph - Rebuilding with Renewable Energy after Disaster,

137

Aqueous flooding methods for tertiary oil recovery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of aqueous flooding of subterranean oil bearing formation for tertiary oil recovery involves injecting through a well into the formation a low alkaline pH aqueous sodium bicarbonate flooding solution. The flooding solution's pH ranges from about 8.25 to 9.25 and comprises from 0.25 to 5 weight percent and preferably about 0.75 to 3.0 weight percent of sodium bicarbonate and includes a petroleum recovery surfactant of 0.05 to 1.0 weight percent and between 1 and 20 weight percent of sodium chloride. After flooding, an oil and water mixture is withdrawn from the well and the oil is separated from the oil and water mixture.

Peru, Deborah A. (Bartlesville, OK)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Ensemble Forecast of a Typhoon Flood Event  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A high-resolution nested regional spectral model and an ensemble prediction system are combined to forecast the track, intensity, and flooding precipitation arising from Typhoon Winnie of August 1997, which eventually reached supertyphoon status. ...

Brian P. Mackey; T. N. Krishnamurti

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Frontal Focusing of a Flooding Rainstorm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A heavy rainstorm over Kentucky, producing extensive flooding, was concentrated in a narrow band oriented nearly zonally just south of the Ohio River. Analysis of routine surface observations showed that an intense quasi-stationary surface front ...

Frederick Sanders

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Using Data Mining Techniques to Address Critical Information Exchange Needs in Disaster Affected  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

disaster information in the context of disaster management phases: Preparation, Response, RecoveryUsing Data Mining Techniques to Address Critical Information Exchange Needs in Disaster Affected Management and Disaster Recovery have gained immense importance in the wake of recent man and nature

Chen, Shu-Ching

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood disaster protection" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Prehospital and Disaster Medicine http://pdm.medicine.wisc.edu Vol. 23, No. 1 ORIGINAL RESEARCH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

525 East 68th Street New York, NY 10021 E-mail: apant@jhsph.edu Keywords: disaster; disaster response-term shelters for housing. Responsibility for sheltering those affected by disasters in the United States in this capacity in this paper. Faith-based organizations comprise a significant disaster response asset

Scharfstein, Daniel

142

o I would like to make a donation to the Center for Refugee and Disaster Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

o I would like to make a donation to the Center for Refugee and Disaster Response in the amount.jhsph.edu/refugee/make_a_gift o I would like to receive e-mail updates The Center for Refugee and Disaster Response works with its on Refugee and Disaster Response. Options include online courses as well as field experience in disaster

Scharfstein, Daniel

143

Building & Enhancing Interorganizational Relationships for Disaster Preparedness and Response Capacity: a Study of Community-based Organizations Serving Vulnerable Populations: a Focus on the Homeless  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

contribute to disaster and response capacity are explored.Role of Nonprofits in Disaster Response: An Expanded Modellook like in disaster response mode? (How would you

Nilsen, Donata Christiane

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

From Tragedy to Triumph - Rebuilding Green Homes after Disaster (Revised) (Fact Sheet)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tragedy Tragedy to Triumph- Rebuilding Green Homes after Disaster About Green Homes A green home can save you thousands in utility bills and make your home a healthier and more comfortable place to live. Green homes save money with energy-saving features such as effective insulation, high-performance windows, tight construction, and efficient heating and cooling equipment and appliances. Green homes are healthier because they perform better and use green products, protecting homeowners against cold, heat, drafts, moisture, indoor pollutants, and noise. Green homes also protect homeowners against future utility rate increases for gas and electricity. Green homes encourage the use of renewable energy, which can reduce your home's impact on the environment

145

Counting on Solar Power for Disaster Relief  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

hen disaster strikes, electric power is usually the first critically important service to be lost. And the effects can be devastating. Lights go out. Furnaces, refrigerators, and other electric appliances don't work. Neither do the electric pumps that deliver our drinking water and help treat sewage. Without elec- tricity for homes, hospitals, food stores, and vital municipal services, many of our most important needs go unmet. What's more, emergency response teams need a reliable source of electric power to even begin to deal with the crisis. Without electricity, gasoline can't be pumped at local service stations to transport emergency sup- plies, and banks can't provide emergency funds. Without electric power, conventional communication systems won't work.

146

Simulation demonstrates economics of minnelusa polymer floods  

SciTech Connect

Defining some variables with a probability distribution can establish more precisely the economic value of such projects as polymer flooding in the Minnelusa formation. An enhanced-oil-recovery (EOR) project often presents a difficult investment decision. The substantial risks and performance uncertainties must be carefully weighted against the investment costs. a Monte Carlo simulation model was used to characterize the incremental economics of a Minnelusa polymer flood. The principal questions addressed in this paper are: What is the likelihood of the EOR project being an economic success What is the expected economic benefit of the polymer flood With representative field parameters and price projections, the typical Minnelusa polymer flood was found to have a 93% chance of economic success. The expected monetary value (EMV) for the project is $1.6 million. This expected net gain results from the incremental cost of about $50,000 for additional surface equipment and about $480,000 for chemicals. Although each project must be evaluated on its own merits, these results present a strong case of considering polymer-augmented floods in the Minnelusa.

Hochanadel, S.M. (Tiorco Inc., Englewood, CO (US)); Schuyler, J.R.

1991-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

147

WMO's Role in the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Editor's note: This article is based on a presentation to the Symposium on theInternational Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, 24 January 1994 in Nashville,Tennessee. The symposium was held in conjunction with the AMS Annual Meeting.

G. O. P. Obasi

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Have Disaster Losses Increased Due to Anthropogenic Climate Change?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasing impact of natural disasters over recent decades has been well documented, especially the direct economic losses and losses that were insured. Claims are made by some that climate change has caused more losses, but others assert ...

Laurens M. Bouwer

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Culture après le déluge: heritage ecology after disaster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and international dependency on fossil fuels, and the commitment to the degradation of the natural environment that this dependency entails, finally be rethought? Will it be this disaster that finally moves the national dialogue forward, as we once thought about...

Morris, Benjamin Alan

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

150

Leading a lean transformation in the wake of a disaster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Through a disaster, a company is presented with an opportunity to leverage the momentum from recovery efforts to drastically change the way business is conducted. In the case of Raytheon's Solid State Microwave division, ...

Caballero, Christian G. (Christian Gabriel)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

... the Chancellor has appointed a work group to explore a campus response to the recent disaster in the Indian Ocean. That disaster is another  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

... the Chancellor has appointed a work group to explore a campus response to the recent disaster in the Indian Ocean. That disaster is another highlight of the scary times we live in. Not only do natural disasters take away lives and cause unimaginable suffering, chronic conditions of poverty cause death

California at Davis, University of

152

Water Balance of the 1993 Midwest Flood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Throughout the spring and summer months of 1993, extended rainfall throughout much of the Midwestern United States caused record flooding that inundated much of the Upper Mississippi River Basin (UMRB). Precipitation in May was more then twice the normal over an area that extended from southeastern South Dakota across Iowa to eastern Kansas. From early June to the end of July, high amounts of precipitation persisted over the upper Midwest (Wahl, et al., 1993). USGS records indicated that at 45 streamflow gauging stations, the peak discharge recorded during 1993 had recurrence intervals of greater than 100 years. However, because of the natural and man-made changes in the flood region, some sites had less-than-record peak discharges (Parret, et al., 1993). The storage of large volumes of water in reservoirs significantly reduced the peak flow and flood damages downstream from the dams (Southard, 1993). Following the 1993 Midwest flood, President Clinton established the Scientific Assessment and Strategy Team (SAST) on November 24, 1993, to study the effects of the flood and to make recommendations about future flood preparedness. The SAST joined the Interagency Floodplain Management Review Committee (FMRC) on January 10, 1994 (FMRC, 1994). As part of this effort, the SAST project identified a need for a daily water balance of the flooded area to determine how much water fell and how quickly it moved through the landscape. There were two significant policy issues resulting from the flood: (1) how did the flood volume and velocity of flow increase by land use changes associated with agricultural development in the Midwest, including extensive drainage of wetlands; and (2) what plan should be adopted for restoration of failed levee systems. The first of these questions is hydrologic, the second, hydraulic. The hydraulic issues were addressed by the SAST project and related efforts by modeling the motion of water through the main tributaries of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers where the major levee failures occurred. The hydrologic questions were not so readily addressed because of the huge region affected by the flood, some 700,000 km2 in area. Flood hydrology models are normally applied to regions 100 to 1,000 times smaller than this area. Thus, the need for the present study arose – to model the movement of water through the landscape of the SAST study area by constructing a daily water balance in a series of subwatersheds in the flooded area. A USGS WEB site designated for SAST is located at: http://edcwww2.cr.usgs.gov/sast-home.html . Figure 1.1 shows the location and the extent of the SAST study area. This region covers all of the UMRB above St. Louis and that portion of the Missouri Basin whose drainage enters the Missouri River by watershed (Missouri, Platte, Kansas, Osage, and Gasconade Rivers). The contribution of the remainder of the Missouri Basin was accounted for by using gauged data from tributary flows at the border of the study region. The goal of this project was to calculate the daily water balance for the SAST region for 1993. A Geographic Information System (GIS) was used to determine the balance. GIS offers a technology to formulate more objective and consistent methods to synthesize collected data and to assess water quality and quantity over large areas (Maidment, 1996). The spatial resolution of the SAST region was defined by the location of discharge gauging stations as well as the completeness and quality of the discharge record. The preliminary analysis was performed using daily discharge values recorded at 261 USGS stations from 01/01/1993 to 09/30/1993. The final water balance was estimated for 132 watersheds defined by the stations that have a complete discharge record for all days of 1993. The cumulative storage values were then spatially averaged over 4

Mizgalewicz, Pawel J.; Maidment, David R.; White, W. Scott; Ridd, Merrill K.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Flood Forecasting in River System Using ANFIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of the present study is to investigate applicability of artificial intelligence techniques such as ANFIS (Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System) in forecasting flood flow in a river system. The proposed technique combines the learning ability of neural network with the transparent linguistic representation of fuzzy system. The technique is applied to forecast discharge at a downstream station using flow information at various upstream stations. A total of three years data has been selected for the implementation of this model. ANFIS models with various input structures and membership functions are constructed, trained and tested to evaluate efficiency of the models. Statistical indices such as Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), Correlation Coefficient (CORR) and Coefficient of Efficiency (CE) are used to evaluate performance of the ANFIS models in forecasting river flood. The values of the indices show that ANFIS model can accurately and reliably be used to forecast flood in a river system.

Ullah, Nazrin; Choudhury, P. [Dept. of Civil Eng., NIT, Silchar (India)

2010-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

154

Solar equipment ravaged by floods gets new life | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

equipment ravaged by floods gets new life Solar equipment ravaged by floods gets new life May 24, 2010 - 11:56am Addthis Community members install the New Bohemia solar project in...

155

Collaborative web application for flood control system of reservoirs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flood control for reservoirs require operations in a dynamic and cooperative manner in order to respond to the changing flood control conditions. There is an increasing emphasis on the collaboration of multiple partners with different backgrounds by ...

Chun-tian Cheng; K. W. Chau; Gang Li; Xiang-Yang Li

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Application of a model to the evaluation of flood damage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the initial results of a common methodology for the evaluation of damage produced by a flood. A model has been developed for flood damage estimation based on a geographic information system (GIS). It could be used by land administration ... Keywords: Damage evaluation, Flood, GIS, Hydraulic modelling, Stage---damage curves

F. Luino; C. G. Cirio; M. Biddoccu; A. Agangi; W. Giulietto; F. Godone; G. Nigrelli

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Lab 11: Flooding I ---Understanding the Workings of Streams Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Lab 11: Flooding I --- Understanding the Workings of Streams Introduction Floods their activities to the natural flooding cycles of the rivers and coasts they lived beside. Still, humans have, this distance can be significantly longer that the straight-line distance separating two points. All other

Chen, Po

158

Mitigating floods : reconstructing Lives : rehabilitating Thatta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pakistan was struck by floods in July 2010, the effects of which left 20.36 million people affected and 1.9 million homes damaged or destroyed'. In the province of Sindh in Pakistan, most of the affected population of the ...

Gul, Marium

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Reconstructing the Texas Flood of 1938  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reconstructing the Texas Flood of 1938 Jude Kastens1 | Kevin Dobbs1 | Melinda Luna2 1Kansas Biological Survey, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 2Texas Natural Resources Information System, Texas Water Development Board, Austin, TX 2010 Texas GIS Forum October 28, 2010 Austin, TX Email: jkastens

Peterson, Blake R.

160

Flood Fatalities in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study compiles a nationwide database of flood fatalities for the contiguous United States from 1959 to 2005. Assembled data include the location of fatalities, age and gender of victims, activity and/or setting of fatalities, and the type of ...

Sharon T. Ashley; Walker S. Ashley

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood disaster protection" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Fuel cell flooding detection and correction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method and apparatus for monitoring an H.sub.2 -O.sub.2 PEM fuel cells to detect and correct flooding. The pressure drop across a given H.sub.2 or O.sub.2 flow field is monitored and compared to predetermined thresholds of unacceptability. If the pressure drop exists a threshold of unacceptability corrective measures are automatically initiated.

DiPierno Bosco, Andrew (Rochester, NY); Fronk, Matthew Howard (Honeoye Falls, NY)

2000-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

162

Orographic Influences on an Oahu Flood  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 2 April 2006, Oahu’s Ko‘olau Mountain Range endured more than 6 h of heavy rain with accompanying flash flooding along its northeast-facing slopes. The storm responsible for the event left a pattern of precipitation characteristic of orographic ...

Michael J. Murphy Jr.; Steven Businger

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Reduced biodegradability in a polymer flood process  

SciTech Connect

In a polymer flood, where bacterial contamination frequently causes a loss in viscosity of the polymer, the viscosity of the polymer solution is maintained by the use of a xanthan polymer modified by methylation of a portion of the subunit sugar residues of the xanthan base.

Williams, D.; Munnecke, D. M.

1985-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

164

Large hazardous floods as translatory waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The theory for non-stationary flow in translatory waves is developed for an inclined plane in a prismatic channel and a funneling channel. The existence of translatory waves traveling over dry land or superimposed on constant flow is established, and ... Keywords: Flood hazard, Flow simulation, Jokulhlaup, Translatory waves

Jonas Elíasson; Snorri Pall Kjaran; Sigurdur Larus Holm; Magnus Tumi Gudmundsson; Gudrun Larsen

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Improved Efficiency of Miscible CO2 Floods and Enhanced Prospects for CO2 Flooding Heterogeneous Reservoirs  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this project is to improve the efficiency of miscible CO2 floods and enhance the prospects for flooding heterogeneous reservoirs. This report provides results of the second year of the three-year project that will be exploring three principles: (1) Fluid and matrix interactions (understanding the problems). (2) Conformance control/sweep efficiency (solving the problems. 3) Reservoir simulation for improved oil recovery (predicting results).

Grigg, Reid B.; Schechter, David S.

1999-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

166

Modeling Dynamics of Post Disaster Recovery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural disasters result in loss of lives, damage to built facilities, and interruption of businesses. The losses are not instantaneous rather they continue to occur until the community is restored to a functional socio-economic entity. Hence, it is essential that policy makers recognize this dynamic aspect of the incurring losses and make realistic plans to enhance the recovery. However, this cannot take place without understanding how homeowners react to recovery signals. These signals can come in different ways: from policy makers showing their strong commitment to restore the community by providing financial support and/or restoration of lifeline infrastructure; or from the neighbors showing their willingness to reconstruct. The goal of this research is to develop a model that can account for homeowners’ dynamic interactions in both organizational and spatial domains. Spatial domain of interactions focuses on how homeowners process signals from the environment such as neighbors reconstructing and local agencies restoring infrastructure, while organizational domain of interactions focuses on how agents process signals from other stakeholders that do not directly affect the environment like insurers. The hypothesis of this study is that these interactions significantly influence decisions to reconstruct and stay, or sell and leave. A multi-agent framework is used to capture emergent behavior such as spatial patterns and formation of clusters. The developed framework is illustrated and validated using experimental data sets.

Nejat, Ali

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Blowout in the Gulf: The BP Oil Spill Disaster and the Future of Energy in America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Blowout in the Gulf: The BP Oil Spill Disaster and theBlowout in the Gulf. The BP Oil Spill Disaster and theApril 20 th 2010, eleven oil workers died as the Deepwater

Ferrara, Enzo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Corporate involvement in disaster response and recovery : an analysis of the Gujarat Earthquake  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Disaster vulnerability is a serious issue in developing countries where globalization, development patterns, poverty and environmental degradation are placing more people at risk to natural disasters. Recent appeals for ...

Sayegh, Tracy, 1976-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

The application of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) and Information Technology systems to disaster response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Disaster response operations during recent terrorist attacks and natural disasters have been a cause for concern. Lack of planning is one source of difficulties with these operations, but even if a perfect plan is agreed ...

Pinelis, Lev

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

California climate change, hydrologic response, and flood forecasting  

SciTech Connect

There is strong evidence that the lower atmosphere has been warming at an unprecedented rate during the last 50 years, and it is expected to further increase at least for the next 100 years. Warmer air mass implies a higher capacity to hold water vapor and an increased likelihood of an acceleration of the global water cycle. This acceleration is not validated and considerable new research has gone into understanding aspects of the water cycle (e.g. Miller et al. 2003). Several significant findings on the hydrologic response to climate change can be reported. It is well understood that the observed and expected warming is related to sea level rise. In a recent seminar at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, James Hansen (Director of the Institute for Space Studies, National Aeronautics and Space Administration) stressed that a 1.25 Wm{sup -2} increase in radiative forcing will lead to an increase in the near surface air temperature by 1 C. This small increase in temperature from 2000 levels is enough to cause very significant impacts to coasts. Maury Roos (Chief Hydrologist, California Department of Water Resources) has shown that a 0.3 m rise in sea level shifts the San Francisco Bay 100-year storm surge flood event to a 10-year event. Related coastal protection costs for California based on sea level rise are shown. In addition to rising sea level, snowmelt-related streamflow represents a particular problem in California. Model studies have indicated that there will be approximately a 50% decrease in snow pack by 2100. This potential deficit must be fully recognized and plans need to be put in place well in advance. In addition, the warmer atmosphere can hold more water vapor and result in more intense warm winter-time precipitation events that result in flooding. During anticipated high flow, reservoirs need to release water to maintain their structural integrity. California is at risk of water shortages, floods, and related ecosystem stresses. More research needs to be done to further improve our ability to forecast weather events at longer time scales. Seasonal predictions have been statistical and only recently have studies begun to use ensemble simulations and historical observations to constrain such predictions. Understanding the mechanisms of large-scale atmospheric dynamics and its local impacts remain topics of intensive research. The ability to predict extreme events and provide policy makers with this information, along with climate change and hydrologic response information, will help to guide planning to form a more resilient infrastructure in the future.

Miller, Norman L.

2003-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

171

Mitigating Flood Loss through Local Comprehensive Planning in Florida  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Planning researchers believe that property losses from natural hazards, such as floods can be reduced if governments address this issue and adopt appropriate policies in their plans. However, little empirical research has examined the relationship between plan quality and actual property loss from floods. My research addresses this critical gap in the planning and hazard research literature by evaluating the effectiveness of current plans and policies in mitigating property damage from floods. Specifically, this study: 1) assesses the extent to which local comprehensive plans integrate flood mitigation policies in Florida; and 2) it examines the impact of the quality of flood mitigation policies on actual insured flood damages. Study results show that fifty-three local plans in the sample received a mean score for total flood mitigation policy quality of 38.55, which represents 35.69% of the total possible points. These findings indicate that there is still considerable room for improvement by local governments on flooding issues. The scores of local plans varied widely, with coastal communities receiving significantly higher scores than non-coastal communities. While most communities adopted land use management tools, such as permitted land use and wetland permits as primary flood mitigation tools, incentive based tools/taxing tools and acquisition tools were rarely adopted. This study also finds that plan quality associated with flood mitigation policy had little discernible effect on reducing insured flood damage while controlling for biophysical, built environment and socio-economic variables. This result counters the assumption inherent in previous plan quality research that better plans mitigate the adverse effects associated with floods and other natural hazards. There are some possible explanations for this result in terms of plan implementation, land use management paradox and characteristics of insurance policies. The statistical analysis also suggests that insured flood loss is considerably affected by wetland alteration and a community's location on the coast. Another finding indicates that very strong leadership and dam construction are factors in mitigating flood loss.

Kang, Jung Eun

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

EDITORIAL COMMENTS Use of Structured Observational Methods in Disaster Research:“Recurrent Medical Response Problems in Five Recent Disasters in the Netherlands”  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Doctors Juffermans and Bierens are to be commended for their paper published in this issue of Prehospital and Disaster Medicine entitled “Recurrent Medical Response Problems in Five Recent Disasters in the Netherlands. ” In the study, it is noted that health disaster response problems are repeated disaster after disaster. This finding seems to be consistent with the recurrent problems of communications, logistics, and access that have occurred in major events such as the Indian Ocean Tsunami, Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans, and Haiti Earthquake. Interestingly, the authors found no improved performance in medical disaster response related to disaster plans and protocols. While disaster experts will find the findings reported important for discussion and further evaluation, this editorial is written to discuss the research methodology demonstrated by the study. In their paper, Doctors Juffermans and Bierens have used research methods that are important for performing valid observational “meta-analysis ” of archived disaster reports. 1 The authors have provided a template for structured disaster medical research of archived

Samuel J. Stratton

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Critical Incident and Disaster Response Policy Commencement Date: 9 December, 1992  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Critical Incident and Disaster Response Policy Commencement Date: 9 December, 1992 Category STATEMENT 5.1 The University shall establish a comprehensive and integrated Disaster Response Plan and appropriate measures are in place to prevent predictable or potential disasters and possible critical

174

Lessons Learned in Using Social Media for Disaster Relief ASU Crisis Response Game  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lessons Learned in Using Social Media for Disaster Relief ASU Crisis Response Game Mohammad in a simulated disaster. · Crowdsourcing using social media · Data collection · Task allocation and · Response to include public warning to avoid confusion in a disaster game · Coordination among different systems

Liu, Huan

175

In disaster response, timely collection and exploitation of remotely sensed imagery is of increasing importance. Image  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract In disaster response, timely collection and exploitation of remotely sensed imagery. Introduction The collection and utilization of airborne/satellite imagery for disaster response has become expected and necessary. The response phase of the disaster cycle is the time period between impact (e

Hodgson, Michael E.

176

Call for Papers International Workshop on Natural Disaster and the City  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

faced by urban populations. Cities as sites of risk, response and rehabilitation. Cultures of disaster1 Call for Papers International Workshop on Natural Disaster and the City Historical Perspectives to the study of natural disasters. It aims to historically contextualise the causes and consequences

Takada, Shoji

177

A Middleware for Service-oriented Communication in Mobile Disaster Response Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Middleware for Service-oriented Communication in Mobile Disaster Response Environments Lukasz@infosys.tuwien.ac.at ABSTRACT Today, the work of disaster response teams is being increas- ingly supported and coordinated present RESCUE, an open-source middleware for service-oriented communica- tion in mobile disaster response

Dustdar, Schahram

178

Lessons Learned in Using Social Media for Disaster Relief -ASU Crisis Response Game  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lessons Learned in Using Social Media for Disaster Relief - ASU Crisis Response Game Mohammad disasters. In the light of these facts, the results from the ASU Crisis Response Game show that people do.Liu)@asu.edu,Augustoa@icmc.usp.br Abstract. In disasters such as the earthquake in Haiti and the tsunami in Japan, people used social media

Liu, Huan

179

A Disruption-Tolerant Architecture for Secure and Efficient Disaster Response Communications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Disruption-Tolerant Architecture for Secure and Efficient Disaster Response Communications Kevin situational awareness when citizens in a disaster are willing to contribute their own devices, such as laptops. A situational awareness service processes all received data and creates annotated maps to visualize a disaster

Fall, Kevin R.

180

Auto-scaling Emergency Call Centres using Cloud Resources to Handle Disasters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

elements of an emergency response to a disaster event. However, frequently the phone net- work an IT infrastructure that scales in response to the demands of disaster management. In this paper, we introduce Technology (IT) plays a central role in disaster response and emergency man- agement [2]. Therefore

New South Wales, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood disaster protection" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

THE CONTRIBUTION OF RADIO SCIENCES TO DISASTER MANAGEMENT T. J. Tanzia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response), developed by UNOOSA (United Nations Office use them to rapidly provide summary maps to bodies responsible for disaster management (governmentTHE CONTRIBUTION OF RADIO SCIENCES TO DISASTER MANAGEMENT T. J. Tanzia , F. Lefeuvreb a CNRS

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

182

Multi-Agent Simulation of Disaster Response Daniel Massaguer, Vidhya Balasubramanian, Sharad Mehrotra, and Nalini Venkatasubramanian  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-Agent Simulation of Disaster Response Daniel Massaguer, Vidhya Balasubramanian, Sharad on the context of disaster response. The ar- chitecture of DrillSim is based on a multi-agent simulation. The simulation of the disaster response activity is achieved by modeling each person involved as an agent

Venkatasubramanian, Nalini

183

Situational Awareness Technologies for Disaster Naveen Ashish, Dmitri Kalashnikov, Sharad Mehrotra, Nalini  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Situational Awareness Technologies for Disaster Response Naveen Ashish, Dmitri Kalashnikov, Sharad in the speed and accuracy at which information about the crisis flows through the disaster response networks of the disaster, crisis response may be a large-scale, multi-organizational operation involv- ing many layers

Kalashnikov, Dmitri V.

184

Franke et al. Temporal Coordination of Disaster Response Activities Proceedings of the 7th  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Franke et al. Temporal Coordination of Disaster Response Activities Proceedings of the 7th and regulations. The goal of this paper is to present an activity management system for disaster response. Temporal Coordination of Disaster Response Activities Proceedings of the 7th International ISCRAM

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

185

Important elements of disaster management and mitigation and design and development of a software tool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural Disasters causing damage to human life, property, infrastructure and economy has emerged as a global challenge. Requisite safety measures have to be provided for natural hazards. Prevention is better than cure. Once disaster occurred, it is very ... Keywords: catastrophe, disaster, industrial, management, mitigation, natural, plans

Gurumurthy Vijayan Iyer; Nikos E. Mastorakis

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Modeling s-t Path Availability to Support Disaster Vulnerability Assessment of Network Infrastructure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The maintenance of system flow is critical for effective network operation. Any type of disruption to network facilities (arcs/nodes) potentially risks loss of service, leaving users without access to important resources. It is therefore an important goal of planners to assess infrastructures for vulnerabilities, identifying those vital nodes/arcs whose debilitation would compromise the most source-sink (s-t) interaction or system flow. Due to the budgetary limitations of disaster management agencies, protection/fortification and planning for the recovery of these vital infrastructure facilities is a logical and efficient proactive approach to reducing worst-case risk of service disruption. Given damage to a network, evaluating the potential for flow between s-t pairs requires assessing the availability of an operational s-t path. Recent models proposed for identifying infrastructure vital to system flow have relied on enumeration of all s-t paths to support this task. This paper proposes an alternative model...

Matisziw, Timothy C

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Passive Fire Protection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Trade Center Disaster: The Con Ed Substation in World ... under contract by a commercial testing agency ... Specimen Preparation and Test Procedures ...

188

A New Generation Chemical Flooding Simulator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NEW GENERATION CHEMICAL FLOODING SIMULATOR NEW GENERATION CHEMICAL FLOODING SIMULATOR Final Report for the Period Sept. 2001 - Aug. 2004 Semi-Annual Report for the Period April1, 2004 - August 30, 2004 by Gary A. Pope, Kamy Sepehrnoori, and Mojdeh Delshad January 2005 Work Performed under Contract No. DE-FC-26-00BC15314 Sue Mehlhoff, Project Manager U.S. Dept of Energy National Petroleum Technology Office One West Third Street, Suite 1400 Tulsa, OK 74103-3159 Prepared by Center for Petroleum and Geosystems Engineering The University of Texas at Austin Austin, TX 78712 ii DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal

189

From Tragedy to Triumph - Rebuilding Green Buildings after Disaster, EERE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

From Tragedy to Triumph - Rebuilding Green Buildings after From Tragedy to Triumph - Rebuilding Green Buildings after Disaster, EERE (Fact Sheet) From Tragedy to Triumph - Rebuilding Green Buildings after Disaster, EERE (Fact Sheet) Fact sheet offering practical information about building energy efficient buildings and using renewable energy. Includes a checklist and resources. Highlights successful projects in Greensburg, Kansas. 45139.pdf More Documents & Publications Rebuilding It Better: Greensburg, Kansas. USD 422 Greensburg K-12 School (Revised) (Brochure), Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Rebuilding It Better: Greensburg, Kansas. USD 422 Greensburg K-12 School (Revised) (Brochure), Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Greensburg, Kansas: A Better, Greener Place to Live (Revised) (Brochure)

190

Changes in Flood Management along the Pajaro River: A Transition to Watershed Management Approaches and Lessons from the Water Framework Directive and Flood Directive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2000).  Water Framework Directive.  E.  Parliment, Official 2007).  Flood Risk Directive.  E.  Parliment, Official the Water Framework Directive and Flood Directive Stacie

Jagger, Stacie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

International Disaster Medical Sciences Fellowship: Model Curriculum and Key Considerations for Establishment of an Innovative International Educational Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Management Institute Independent Study Program Professional Development Series University on-line basic disaster training and

Koenig, Kristi L; Bey, Tareg; Schultz, Carl H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

An intelligent simulation system for earthquake disaster assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an intelligent simulation system for an earthquake disaster assessment system based on a development platform of a Geographic Information System (GIS) and Artificial Intelligence (AI). This system is designed to identify the weakness ... Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Earthquake risk analysis, Geographic Information System, Seismic emergency response, Seismic hazard

Aiping Tang; Aihua Wen

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Water is Vital--Especially after a Disaster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dehydration can be a serious threat after a disaster, when supplies of clean drinking water may be limited. Learn how you can find and use hidden sources of water in your home and purify water to make it safe for drinking.

Crocker, Andrew

2005-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

194

A research-based approach to simulation in disaster management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The need for emergency management models has increased in response to the rise in disasters in recent years. The need for a set of standards to be applied to the practise of emergency management has been identified by local and state officials (Local ...

Asli Soyler; Maria T. Bull; Yanshen Zhu; Abeer Sharawi; Pamela McCauley Bush

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Ecology of Sulfur Cycling in Flooded Strip Mines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Habitat restoration efforts in reclaimed coal mining areas have included the flooding of shallow strip mines, creating patches of wetland with special chemical characteristics, like… (more)

Wham, Breanna Michelle

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

DOE specification: Flooded-type lead-acid storage batteries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document contains a ``fill-in-the-blanks`` guide specification for procurement of flooded-type lead-acid storage batteries, for uninterruptible power supply applications.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Jetting, In-Nozzle Meniscus Motion and Nozzle-Plate Flooding in an Industrial Drop-on-Demand Print Head  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-up of fluid in an annulus around the nozzle (flooding rate) has been characterized and compared with models for the net ink flow through the nozzle. Introduction In a commercial drop-on-demand (DOD) inkjet print head, the ink meniscus at nozzles... . The flash, focused by a condenser, illuminates the nozzles about 21 degrees off-axis from the opposite direction. The arrangement is configured to maximize the illumination reaching the camera lens within the space constraints. A protective glass plate...

Hsiao, W.-K.; Hoath, S.D.; Martin, G.D.; Hutchings, I.M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Historical record of data on flood control  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Last year (1948) during the flood period the flow at Grand Coulee fluctuated widely. 2 PM, June 8, 543000 c.f.s.; 4 AM, June 9, 568000 c.f s.; 2 PM, June 9, 543000 c.f.s.; 2 AM, June 10, 573000 c.f.s. A total instantaneous fluctuations of 37,500 c.f.s. was reported. Now there is installed a new control. This control can keep downstream variation within 500 c.f.s. By lowering the lake level prior to the crest period, the drum gates could be used as flood control (1948 high water basis) the drum gate control plus the water turbine discharge (if the lake level had been reduced) could have dropped the crest at Richland three feet. a. Drop in crest at Richland one foot: Electrical loss nominal, b. Drop in crest at Richland two feet: Electrical loss 1 megawatt/foot for six generators. Loss Max possible 13,310 KW each generator, 79,860 KW total (7 days). Capacity 1,170,000 KW Max Loss 6.8% for 7 days to 10 days. c. Drop in crest at Richland three feet: Electrical loss 1 megawatt/foot for 6 generators Max possible 30,100 KW each generator 180,600 KW total 8 days. Capacity 1,170,000 KW Maximum loss 15.4% for 8 to 12 days. Actual loss, we believe is much less: For an eleven foot drop actual capacity dropped from 1,170,000 KW to 1,137,000 KW during the present winter. Contacts were re-established with Grand Coulee Control Engineers with whom we had dealt in the 1948 flood. We indicated to Grand Coulee Management, Mr. Bates, Mr. Newberry, etc., that careless control and lack of cooperation between Coulee and Hanford could be harmful and at times disastrous.

Kramer, H.A.

1959-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

199

Optimum Reservoir Operation for Flood Control and Conservation Purposes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rapid population and economic growth in Texas is accompanied by increased needs for water supply and flood control. Depleting groundwater reserves are resulting in an increased reliance on surface water. The rising cost of fossil fuel during the 1970's has focused attention on increasing hydroelectric power generation. Instream flow needs for fish and wildlife habitat and maintenance of fresh water inflows to bays and estuaries have received increased attention in recent years. The climate of the state is characterized by extremes of floods and droughts. Reservoirs are necessary to control and utilize the highly variable streamflow. Due to a number of economic, environmental, institutional, and political factors, construction of additional new reservoir projects is much more difficult now than in the past. Consequently, optimizing the beneficial use of existing reservoirs is becoming increasingly more important. In addition to ever increasing water related needs, other factors affecting reservoir operation change over time as well. Watershed and flood plain conditions are dynamic. Construction of numerous small flood retarding dams by the Soil Conservation Service and other entities in the watersheds of major reservoirs have reduced flood inflows to the reservoirs. Construction of numerous small ponds for recreation or watering livestock have also decreased reservoir inflows and yields. Increased runoff caused by watershed urbanization is significantly contributing to flooding problems in certain locations. The existing flood control reservoirs were planned and designed based on the expectation of ever increasing intensification of flood plain land use. However, the National Flood Insurance Program has resulted in zoning and regulation of 100-year flood plains. With stringent flood plain management, susceptibility to flooding could actually decrease over time as existing activities choose to leave the flood plain and regulation prevents other activities from moving into the flood plain. Reservoir sedimentation reduces available storage capacity. Construction of additional reservoirs, as well as other related types of projects such as conveyance facilities, flood control levees and channel improvements, and electric power plants, affect the operation of existing reservoirs. Technological advancements in hydrologic data collection, streamflow forecasting, system modeling and analysis, and computer technology provide opportunities for refining operating policies. Reservoir storage capacities and operating policies are generally established prior to construction and tend to remain constant thereafter. However, public needs and objectives and numerous factors affecting reservoir effectiveness significantly change over time. The increasing necessity to use limited storage capacity as effectively as possible warrants periodic reevaluations of operating policies. Operating procedures should be responsive to changing needs and conditions. Reallocation of storage capacity between flood control and conservation purposes represents one general strategy for modifying operating policies in response to changing needs and conditions. Reservoir operation is based upon the conflicting objectives of maximizing the amount of water available for conservation purposes and maximizing the amount of empty space available for storing flood waters. Conservation purposes include municipal, industrial, and agricultural water supply, hydroelectric power, recreation, and instream flow maintenance. Common practice is to operate a reservoir only for conservation purposes or only for flood control or to designate a certain reservoir volume, or pool, for conservation purposes and a separate pool for flood control. The conservation and flood control pools in a multiple purpose reservoir are fixed by a designated top of conservation (bottom of flood control) pool elevation. Planning, design, and operating problems associated with flood control are handled separately from those associated with conservation. Institutional arra

Wurbs, Ralph A.; Cabezas, L. Morris; Tibbets, Michael N.

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Flood Forecasting in River System Using ANFIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of the present study is to investigate applicability of artificial intelligence techniques such as ANFIS (Adaptive Neuro?Fuzzy Inference System) in forecasting flood flow in a river system. The proposed technique combines the learning ability of neural network with the transparent linguistic representation of fuzzy system. The technique is applied to forecast discharge at a downstream station using flow information at various upstream stations. A total of three years data has been selected for the implementation of this model. ANFIS models with various input structures and membership functions are constructed

Nazrin Ullah; P. Choudhury

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood disaster protection" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Mixture Distributions and the Hydroclimatology of Extreme Rainfall and Flooding in the Eastern United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flooding in the eastern United States reflects a mixture of flood-generating mechanisms, with landfalling tropical cyclones and extratropical systems playing central roles. The authors examine the climatology of heavy rainfall and flood ...

James A. Smith; Gabriele Villarini; Mary Lynn Baeck

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Dynamical Structure of Extreme Floods in the U.S. Midwest and the United Kingdom  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Twenty extreme spring floods that occurred in the Ohio basin between 1901 and 2008, identified from daily river discharge data, are investigated and compared to the April 2011 Ohio River flood event. Composites of synoptic fields for the flood ...

Jennifer Nakamura; Upmanu Lall; Yochanan Kushnir; Andrew W. Robertson; Richard Seager

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Space–Time Variability of Rainfall and Extreme Flood Response in the Menomonee River Basin, Wisconsin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hydrometeorological processes that control flash flooding are examined through analyses of space–time rainfall variability and flood response in the Milwaukee metropolitan region. The analyses focus on four flood events in the Menomonee River ...

Yu Zhang; James A. Smith

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Flood Risk, Uncertainty, and Scientific Information for Decision Making: Lessons from an Interdisciplinary Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The magnitude of flood damage in the United States, combined with the uncertainty in current estimates of flood risk, suggest that society could benefit from improved scientific information about flood risk. To help address this perceived need, a ...

Rebecca E. Morss; Olga V. Wilhelmi; Mary W. Downton; Eve Gruntfest

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Were the 2010 Pakistan floods predictable? P. J. Webster,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Were the 2010 Pakistan floods predictable? P. J. Webster,1 V. E. Toma,1 and H.M. Kim1 Received 30 July 2010, a series of monsoonal deluges over northern Pakistan resulted in catastrophic flooding, loss, especially in North Pakistan was exceptionally rare as deduced from limited data. The location of the deluges

Webster, Peter J.

206

Counteract SYN flooding using second chance packet filtering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One barrier that hinders wired and wireless LAN, is the security problems caused by ubiquitous attackers. From the 4-layer protocol stack architecture in the Internet, the TCP layer seems to be vulnerable to flooding attacks, like the notorious Distributed ... Keywords: DDoS, SYN flooding, second chance packet filter, security, wireless LAN

Chu-Hsing Lin; Fuu-Cheng Jiang; Wei-Shen Lai; Wei-Yuah Lee; Wei-Cheng Hsu

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Protective Relays: Numerical Protective Relays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Protective relays are decision-making elements in the protection scheme for electrical power systems. Numerical relays offer many advantages over the traditional electromechanical types of devices. This guide provides an overview of numerical relays and discusses maintenance and testing.

2004-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

208

Experimental investigation of the effect of increasing the temperature on ASP flooding.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Chemical EOR processes such as polymer flooding and surfactant polymer flooding must be designed and implemented in an economically attractive manner to be perceived as… (more)

Walker, Dustin Luke

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Union soluble oil flood in El Dorado cores  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results are presented of laboratory experiments using Union's soluble oil flood process in El Dorado cores. The core flood is to provide complete information on fluid compositions and phase behavior of the effluents such that adequate core flood match using the chemical flood simulator can be made. This step is essential for evaluating reservoir performance on the South Pattern of the El Dorado Micellar-Polymer Project. The results show the caustic preflush in the flood process causes face plugging of the field cores. The problem was controlled by using chelating agents along with the caustic fluid to keep divalent cations in solution. The required amount of chelating agent was determined to be ca 25 times as strong as the original design for the field test. Liquid chromatography analysis of sulfonate provides valuable information on selective fractionation of monosulfonate in the micellar fluid. 10 references.

Chiou, C.S.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Strategic stockpiling of power system supplies for disaster recovery  

SciTech Connect

This paper studies the Power System Stochastic Storage Problem (PSSSP), a novel application in power restoration which consists of deciding how to store power system components throughout a populated area to maximize the amount of power served after disaster restoration. The paper proposes an exact mixed-integer formulation for the linearized DC power flow model and a general column-generation approach. Both formulations were evaluated experimentally on benchmarks using the electrical power infrastructure of the United States and disaster scenarios generated by state-of-the-art hurricane simulation tools similar to those used by the National Hurricane Center. The results show that the column-generation algorithm produces near-optimal solutions quickly and produces orders of magnitude speedups over the exact formulation for large benchmarks. Moreover, both the exact and the column-generation formulations produce significant improvements over greedy approach and hence should yield significant benefits in practice.

Bent, Russell W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Coffrein, Carleton [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Van Hentenryck, Pascal [BROWN UNIV

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

211

Role of Mass Media in the Disaster Preparedness and Sustainable Development of Society  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Better understanding of the causes and effects of large earthquakes can assists in mitigation of damage and loss of lives as a result of destructive natural events. Well-informed and educated population living in geological hazard-prone regions can reduce catastrophic consequences of natural disasters and guaranty the sustainable development of healthy society. A development of information service for disaster management is of importance in reduction of the disaster's consequences.

Seid-Aliyeva, Dinara E. [Geology Institute, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, 29A, H. Javid Ave., Baku 1143 (Azerbaijan)

2006-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

212

Insider protection  

SciTech Connect

The government community is broadly addressing the insider threat. The first section of this paper defines protection approaches and the latter sections present various applicable technology developments. The bulk of the paper discusses technology developments applied to (1) personnel and material tracking and inventory, (2) classified document protection, and (3) protecting security systems. The personnel and material tracking system uses a PC based-host to (1) collect information from proximity tags and material movement sensors, (2) apply rules to this input to assure that the ongoing activity meets the site selectable rules and, (3) forward the results to either an automated inventory system or an alarm system. The document protection system uses a PC network to efficiently and securely control classified material which is stored on write-once-read-mostly optical media. The protection of sensor to multiplexer communications in a security system is emphasized in the discussion of protecting security systems.

Waddoups, I.G.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Alternatives for reducing the environmental risks associated with natural disasters and their effects on pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Past pipeline failure reports have typically focused on corrosion and third party related events. However, natural disasters pose a substantial risk to pipeline integrity as well. Therefore, it was the objective of this thesis to analyze the risks and consequences of pipelines being seriously affected by natural disasters and propose potential measures to prevent leaks or spills and to mitigate the consequences of leaks and spills resulting from natural disasters. A risk assessment method has been developed for ranking the risks associated with pipelines in natural disaster areas and prevention and mitigation concepts have been recommended and discussed for reducing the risks.

Wellborn, Michael Wayne

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Whose Job Is It? An Examination of Archival Roles and Responsibilities in Documenting Disasters.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill has been labeled America's most devastating human-error environmental disaster. To gain full understanding of the event, researchers must consult… (more)

Dexter, Robyn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Flood Fighting Research Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fighting Research Facility Fighting Research Facility Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name Flood Fighting Research Facility Overseeing Organization United States Army Corp of Engineers (ERDC) Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Wave Basin Length(m) 45.7 Beam(m) 30.5 Depth(m) 1.2 Water Type Freshwater Cost(per day) Contact POC Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities None Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities Yes Maximum Wave Height(m) 0.0 Wave Period Range(s) 0.0 Current Velocity Range(m/s) 0.0 Programmable Wavemaking No Simulated Beach No Channel/Tunnel/Flume Channel/Tunnel/Flume None Wind Capabilities Wind Capabilities None Control and Data Acquisition Description Automated data acquisition and control system Cameras Yes Number of Color Cameras 1

216

How solvent vapors can improve steam floods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermal recovery methods depend for their success on the viscosity reduction of heavy crude oils at high temperatures. The viscosity of a heavy oil can also be reduced if it is diluted with a low-viscosity solvent, such as one of the lighter hydrocarbons. It is not surprising that there has been considerable interest in combining the two methods. The process of injecting vaporized solvent with the steam for a gravity drainage type recovery is described here along with a description of the particular phase behavior of steam/solvent mixtures which is beneficial to the process. And computer simulations which compare steam-only and steam/solvent floods under Athabasca-type conditions are overviewed.

Vogel, J. [Vogel, (Jack), Seabrook, TX (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Scale-up of miscible flood processes  

SciTech Connect

Results of a wide-ranging investigation of the scaling of the physical mechanisms of miscible floods are reported. Advanced techniques for analysis of crude oils are considered in Chapter 2. Application of supercritical fluid chromatography is demonstrated for characterization of crude oils for equation-of-state calculations of phase equilibrium. Results of measurements of crude oil and phase compositions by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry are also reported. The theory of development of miscibility is considered in detail in Chapter 3. The theory is extended to four components, and sample solutions for a variety of gas injection systems are presented. The analytical theory shows that miscibility can develop even though standard tie-line extension criteria developed for ternary systems are not satisfied. In addition, the theory includes the first analytical solutions for condensing/vaporizing gas drives. In Chapter 4, methods for simulation of viscous fingering are considered. The scaling of the growth of transition zones in linear viscous fingering is considered. In addition, extension of the models developed previously to three dimensions is described, as is the inclusion of effects of equilibrium phase behavior. In Chapter 5, the combined effects of capillary and gravity-driven crossflow are considered. The experimental results presented show that very high recovery can be achieved by gravity segregation when interfacial tensions are moderately low. We argue that such crossflow mechanisms are important in multicontact miscible floods in heterogeneous reservoirs. In addition, results of flow visualization experiments are presented that illustrate the interplay of crossflow driven by gravity with that driven by viscous forces.

Orr, F.M. Jr.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Multiple slug scaling of linear and pattern laboratory chemical floods  

SciTech Connect

Linear floods were conducted in a synthetic water-wet matrix. The multiple slug scaling approach used oil saturation distributions measured by microwave attenuation in one laboratory flood to predict accurately the tertiary residual oil saturation and tertiary oil breakthrough in another laboratory linear flood run with larger slug sizes. Oil saturation distributions at 0.11 V/V/sub p/ intervals during the flood, as well as at S/sub orc/, were also accurately predicted. A laboratory quarter five-spot pattern flood involving sequential injection of a small surfactant slug, a small polymer slug, and continuous drive water was run in a water-wet synthetic matrix. Linear flood oil saturation distributions were scaled to predict the oil saturation distributions in the pattern using a fixed twelve streamtube model for the flow. Details of this scaling procedure are given. Residual tertiary oil saturation, tertiary recovery, and oil saturation changes with time were predicted to within the experimental errors involved in the procedures. The observed tertiary oil breakthrough was later than predicted. Observed oil saturation distributions tended to show more oil left in the corners of the model than predicted by the scaling theory. These secondary effects and the overall behavior of the pattern flood are considered in terms of the chosen streamtube network and the assumptions of stable unit mobility flow. (JMT)

Haskin, H.K.; Davis, L.A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Technical evaluation of the susceptibility of safety-related systems to flooding caused by the failure of non-category 1 systems for the Yankee Rowe Nuclear Power Station  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the technical evaluation of the Maine Yankee Atomic Power Station. The purpose of this evaluation was to determine whether the failure of any non-Class I (seismic) equipment could result in a condition, such as flooding, that might adversely affect the performance of the safety-related equipment required for the safe shutdown of the facility, or to mitigate the consequences of an accident. Criteria developed by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission were used to evaluate the acceptability of the existing protection system as well as measures taken by Maine Yankee Atomic Power Company (MYAPC) to minimize the danger of flooding and to protect safety-related equipment.

Epps, R.C.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Flood Plain and Floodway Management Act (Montana) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Flood Plain and Floodway Management Act (Montana) Flood Plain and Floodway Management Act (Montana) Flood Plain and Floodway Management Act (Montana) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Montana Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood disaster protection" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Quality assurance flood source and method of making  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a is an improved flood source, and method of making the same, which emits an evenly distributed flow of energy from a gamma emitting radionuclide dispersed throughout the volume of the flood source. The flood source is formed by filling a bottom pan with a mix of epoxy resin with cobalt-57, preferably at 10 to 20 millicuries and then adding a hardener. The pan is secured to a flat, level surface to prevent the pan from warping and to act as a heat sink for removal of heat from the pan during the curing of the resin-hardener mixture.

Fisher, Darrell R [Richland, WA; Alexander, David L [West Richland, WA; Satz, Stanley [Surfside, FL

2002-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

222

Assessment of GPU computational enhancement to a 2D flood model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a study of the computational enhancement of a Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) enabled 2D flood model. The objectives are to demonstrate the significant speedup of a new GPU-enabled full dynamic wave flood model and to present the effect ... Keywords: 2D flood model, CUDA, Flood simulation, GPU programming

Alfred J. Kalyanapu; Siddharth Shankar; Eric R. Pardyjak; David R. Judi; Steven J. Burian

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Mobile medical disaster relief technology : enhancing communication, medical logistics, data creation, and crisis mapping for vulnerable communities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the field of disaster relief and recovery, and the application of emerging technologies that are both used by, and use the data generated by communities affected by natural disaster. This thesis analyzes ...

Intrator, Kira (Kira Rachel)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Climatic Aspects of the 1993 Upper Mississippi River Basin Flood  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 1993 record-breaking summer flood in the Upper Mississippi River Basin resulted from an unprecedentedly persistent heavy rain pattern. Rainfall totals for the Upper Mississippi River Basin were, by a large margin, the largest of this century ...

Kenneth E. Kunkel; Stanley A. Changnon; James R. Angel

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

The Madison County, Virginia, Flash Flood of 27 June 1995  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Between 25 and 27 June 1995, excessive rainfall and associated flash flooding across portions of western Virginia resulted in three fatalities and millions of dollars in damage. Although many convective storms occurred over this region during ...

Michael D. Pontrelli; George Bryan; J. M. Fritsch

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

NOAA Predicts Mixed Bag of Drought, Flooding and Warm Weather...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NOAA Predicts Mixed Bag of Drought, Flooding and Warm Weather for Spring Print E-mail NOAA 2013 Spring Outlook Map Thursday, March 21, 2013 Featured by NOAA, a member of the U.S....

227

A Statistical Approach to Historical Records of Flood and Drought  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Statistical methods of dichotomous variables are suggested in order to analyze the historical climatic records in ancient writings. From historical descriptive records of floods and droughts, we calculate the variability, persistence and ...

C. S. Yao

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Flood survival: Getting a hydro plant back on line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Remmel Dam and Hydro Plant of Arkansas Power and Light Company was flooded on May 20, 1990. This article describes the teamwork and innovation that went into restoring the powerhouse in a short amount of time.

Weatherford, C.W. (Entergy Services, Inc., Little Rock, AR (United States))

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

The Minneapolis Flash Flood: Meteorological Analysis and Operational Response  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The evolution of the synoptic- and meso-?-scale meteorological setting for the 23 July 1987 Minneapolis flash flood is described. Analyses of conventional upper-air data, including quasi-geostrophic processes, are employed to identify the large-...

Barry E. Schwartz; Charles F. Chappell; William E. Togstad; Xiao-Ping Zhong

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Atmospheric Rivers and Flooding over the Central United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper undertakes a hydrometeorological analysis of flood events in the central United States. Vertically integrated horizontal water vapor transport over 1979–2011 is calculated in the ECMWF Interim Re-Analysis (ERA-Interim) and used in an ...

David A. Lavers; Gabriele Villarini

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Flash Flood Forecasting: An Ingredients-Based Methodology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An approach to forecasting the potential for flash flood-producing storms is developed, using the notion of basic ingredients. Heavy precipitation is the result of sustained high rainfall rates. In turn, high rainfall rates involve the rapid ...

Charles A. Doswell III; Harold E. Brooks; Robert A. Maddox

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Chilean glacial lake outburst flood impacts on dam construction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Four Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOF) occurred in the Colonia Glacier (Northern Patagonia Icefield, Chile) from April 2008 to March 2009. Lago Cachet 2 emptied four times producing a maximum excess discharge in the ...

Tauro, Flavia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Flooding in Western Washington: The Connection to Atmospheric Rivers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study utilizes multiple decades of daily streamflow data gathered in four major watersheds in western Washington to determine the meteorological conditions most likely to cause flooding in those watersheds. Two are located in the Olympic ...

Paul J. Neiman; Lawrence J. Schick; F. Martin Ralph; Mimi Hughes; Gary A. Wick

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

A Mesoscale Modeling Study of the 1996 Saguenay Flood  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mesoscale simulation of the 19–21 July 1996 Saguenay flood cyclone was performed using the Canadian Mesoscale Compressible Community (MC2) model to study the processes leading to the explosive development and the large amount of precipitation. ...

J. A. Milbrandt; M. K. Yau

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Cattail Protection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cattail Protection Cattail Protection Name: Julie Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Is a piece of land protected by cattails protected? (Meaning you can not touch, cover up or build on.) Replies: Hi Julie, It's quite possible that a piece of land with cattails is protected as a wetland. There are some federal (and probably state) statutes on wetland protection, in general you have to file environmental impact statements and such. I've heard of cases where some large projects were allowed to encroach on wetlands when the builders signed contracts requiring they construct a wetland of equivalent size on another parcel of land. Donald Yee Ph.D. I assume you are referring to wetlands protections. Cattails are wetland plants, and there are regulations governing - but not necessarily preventing - the development of wetlands, but cattails are also aggressive and somewhat weedy, so I doubt the presence of cattails alone would be sufficient to call an area a wetland. This is a technical question which all too often lands in legal dispute. Check with the Corps of Engineers, the EPA, and other experts in wetlands delineation and regulation.

236

Disaster Planning and Mitigation Technologies: Interim Technology Inventory Report, Report #5  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural and man-caused disasters are inevitable, recurrent, and increasing in frequency and magnitude. They are taking an ever larger economic and personal toll. This report identifies technologies and information that can assist utilities, their customers, and their communities in preventing, managing, and recovering from disasters.

2000-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

237

Disaster Planning and Mitigation Technologies, Interim Technology Inventory Report, Report #4  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural and human-caused disasters are inevitable, recurrent, and increasing in frequency and magnitude. They are taking an ever-larger economic and personal toll. This report identifies technologies that can assist utilities, their customers, and their communities in preventing, managing, and recovering from disasters.

1999-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

238

Choice of governance mechanisms to promote information sharing via boundary objects in the disaster recovery process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Given the difficulties and criticality of information sharing in a multi-agency setting, this paper looks at the IT governance mechanisms used to promote information sharing via shared boundary objects in the disaster response and recovery process. A ... Keywords: Disaster response and recovery, IT governance, Information sharing, Multi-agency governance, Shared boundary objects

Barry A. Cumbie; Chetan S. Sankar

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Rebuilding After Disaster: Going Green from the Ground Up (Revised) (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

20-page "how-to" guide describing ways to turn a disaster into an opportunity to rebuild with greener energy technologies. It covers such topics as the importance of energy, options for communities, instructions for developing an energy plan, and other considerations. This guide is intended for the community leaders who have experienced a disaster.

Not Available

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

AMA: eCore Disaster Life Support (AWR-197-W) Awareness and Response to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AMA: eCore Disaster Life Support (AWR-197-W) Awareness and Response to Biological Events (AWR-118-W) CiEzenReady: Pandemic Influenza (AWR-203-W) Disaster Mental Health Public Safety and Security Response Animal Disease Emergency Support Environmental

Harms, Kyle E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood disaster protection" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

RAPID RESPONSE: DISASTER RELIEF AND Ill Winds: Hurricanes Camille and Agnes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHAPTER 4 RAPID RESPONSE: DISASTER RELIEF AND RECOVERY Ill Winds: Hurricanes Camille and Agnes. Enactment in 1950 of a federal disaster relief program brought the Corps heavy responsibilities but also work south of the city and also assisted the Mobile District that was responsible for most of the work

US Army Corps of Engineers

242

End-Triassic calcification crisis and blooms of organic-walled `disaster species'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

End-Triassic calcification crisis and blooms of organic-walled `disaster species' B. van de the response of marine photosynthetic phytoplankton to the proposed perturbation in the carbon cycle. Our high) contemporaneous blooms of organic-walled, green algal `disaster' species which comprise in one case N70

243

Damage tracker: a cloud and mobile system for collecting damage information after natural disasters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tornadoes and other natural disasters frequently cause large amounts of damage to buildings and infrastructure. An important part of learning from these events is assessing key damage-indicators within the affected area. Researchers can analyze these ... Keywords: cloud, geo-tagging, natural disaster, tornado

Chris Hodapp, Matt Robbins, Jeff Gray, Andrew Graettinger

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Evaluating disaster management knowledge model by using a frequency-based selection technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Disaster Management (DM) is a multidisciplinary endeavour and a very difficult knowledge domain to model. It is a diffused area of knowledge that is continuously evolving and informally represented. Metamodel is the output artefact of metamodelling, ... Keywords: disaster management, frequency-based selection, knowledge model, metamodel, model transformation

Siti Hajar Othman; Ghassan Beydoun

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

What Previous Disasters Teach: The (Really) Hard Lessons of Katrina and Haiti  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What Previous Disasters Teach: The (Really) Hard Lessons of Katrina and Haiti What Previous Disasters Teach: The (Really) Hard Lessons of Katrina and Haiti 1 (Really) Hard Lessons of Katrina and Haiti for Humanitarian Logistics (Really) Hard Lessons of Katrina and Haiti for Humanitarian Logistics José Holguín

Mitchell, John E.

246

Guidelines for Performance of Internal Flooding Probabilistic Risk Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides guidance for the performance of an Internal Flood Probabilistic Risk Assessment (IFPRA). The scope of IFPRA tasks supported by this guidance also includes the treatment of High Energy Line Breaks (HELB) which can produce floods as well as other unique challenges to Systems, Structures, and Components (SSCs) important to the prevention and mitigation of a core damage accident. The guidance includes step-by-step procedures for performing a complete IFPRA, specific examples of approache...

2009-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

247

Workshop on the Application of Remote Sensing Technologies to Disaster Response Rapid Damage Mapping for Post-Earthquake  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Workshop on the Application of Remote Sensing Technologies to Disaster Response Rapid Damage Technologies to Disaster Response September 12 2003 #12;Workshop on the Application of Remote Sensing Technologies to Disaster Response 12 September 2003 Rapid Damage Mapping for post-Earthquake Building Damage

Shinozuka, Masanobu

248

On-Demand Information Portals for Disaster Yiming Ma, Dmitri V. Kalashnikov, Ram Hariharan, Sharad Mehrotra, Nalini Venkatasubramanian,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and such information is indeed valuable to disaster managers or even citizens in their response. In this paper we in the response and planning during or after the disaster. This motivates us in the direction of an "InformationOn-Demand Information Portals for Disaster Situations Yiming Ma, Dmitri V. Kalashnikov, Ram

Kalashnikov, Dmitri V.

249

Agent-based coalition formation in disaster response applications Ladislau Boloni, Majid Ali Khan and Damla Turgut  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agent-based coalition formation in disaster response applications Ladislau B¨ol¨oni, Majid Ali Khan present an agent-based coalition formation approach for disaster response applications. We assume. 1 Introduction Efficient disaster response requires participants to form teams and coordinate

Bölöni, Ladislau L

250

These Lives Will Not Be Lost in Vain: Organizational Learning from Disaster in U.S. Coal Mining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The stated purpose of the investigations that invariably follow industrial, transportation, and mining disasters is to learn from those tragedies to prevent future tragedies. But does prior experience with disaster make organizations more capable of ... Keywords: disaster, high-reliability organizations, organizational learning

Peter M. Madsen

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Combining Mobile XMPP Entities and Cloud Services for Collaborative Post-Disaster Management in Hybrid Network Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Crises such as the Fukushima incident in Japan showed the demand for flexible and easy-to-use monitoring and communication systems to support post-disaster management (i.e. the organization of actions in the follow-up of disasters), especially when critical ... Keywords: XMPP, cloud services, collaboration, mDNS, post-disaster management

Ronny Klauck; Michael Kirsche

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Field damage assessments as a design tool for information and communications technology systems that are resilient to natural disasters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses how to perform field damage assessments after natural disasters as a systematic design tool to achieve information and communications technology (ICT) systems that are more resilient to natural disasters. Hence, damage assessments ... Keywords: damage assessment, information and communication technology systems, natural disasters

Alexis Kwasinski

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

The Deepwater Horizon Disaster: What Happened and Why  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Deepwater Horizon disaster was the largest oil spill in US history, and the second largest spill in the world. 11 men lost their lives in the explosion and fire. Although the impacts of the spill were evident to large numbers of people, its causes were harder to see. This lecture will focus on the technical aspects of the events that led to the spill itself: what happened on the rig before, during and after the event, up to the time the rig sank. As with many engineering disasters, the accident was due to a sequence of failures, including both technical systems and procedural issues. Although the causes were complex and interacting, the lecture will focus on four main problems: (1) the failure of the cement and casing seal, (2) the failure to recognize and respond to hydrocarbon flow into the riser, (3) the ignition of hydrocarbons on the rig, and (4) the failure of the blow-out preventer (BOP) to seal the well. The lecture will conclude with some suggestions as to how events such as the Deepwater Horizon disaster can be avoided in the future. (Roland N. Horne is the Thomas Davies Barrow Professor of Earth Sciences at Stanford University, and was the Chairman of Petroleum Engineering from 1995 to 2006. He holds BE, PhD and DSc degrees from the University of Auckland, New Zealand, all in Engineering Science. Horne is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering and is also an Honorary Member of the Society of Petroleum Engineers.)

Horne, Roland N. (Stanford University)

2011-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

254

Polymer flood of the Rapdan pool  

SciTech Connect

A polymer-flood project in the Rapdan field is documented from laboratory design and numerical simulation to production performance and projected economics. The Rapdan field produces 10-mPa{center_dot}s oil from the Upper Shaunavon sand at a reservoir temperature of 55 C. Average permeability is 0.114 {mu}m{sup 2}, average porosity is 18%, and Dykstra-Parsons coefficient is 0.8. The field was discovered in 1953, and waterflood began in 1962. In January 1986, a polymer pilot was initiated in a portion of the field with a PV of 456 {times} 10{sup 4} m{sup 3}. The pilot consists of 13 producers and 5 injectors drilled on 162 {times} 10{sup 3}-m{sup 2} spacing. By December 1994, 43% PV, of a 21-mPa{center_dot}s polymer solution had been injected into a confined, central five spot (Wells 12-12 and 12-12A). The oil cut increased from a stable value of 8% during the waterflood to a peak value of 25%. The corresponding daily oil production increased from 8 to 28 m{sup 3}/d at an oil cut of 36%. Production rate has declined from 140 m{sup 3}/d in 1991 to 106 m{sup 3}/d in December 1994, with a corresponding oil-cut decline from 25% to 20%.

Pitts, M.J.; Surkalo, H.; Wyatt, K. [Surtek Inc., Golden, CO (United States); Campbell, T.A. [Talisman Energy, Calgary, Alberta, CA (United States)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Improved Efficiency of Miscible C02 Floods and Enhanced Prospects for C02 Flooding Heterogeneous Reservoirs  

SciTech Connect

The PRRC-modified DOE pseudomiscible reservoir simulator MASTER was used to conduct a systematic investigation of CO2 flooding using horizontal wells in conjunction with foam. We evaluated the effects of horizontal well radius, length, and location on oil recovery through our testing. This work is necessary to provide field predictions for the use of foam and/or horizontal wells. A number of coreflood tests were performed to examine the effect of foam on oil recovery in heterogeneous porous media. Two coaxial composite cores were used to simulate layered formation systems. The first, an isolated coaxial composite core, was used to simulate a layered formation system of which the layers were not in communication. The second, in capillary contact, simulated layers in communication. Preliminary results suggest that oil displacement is more efficient when surfactant solution is used with CO2 to form CO2-foam. Results from both systems indicate the potential of using foam for improving oil recovery in heterogeneous porous media. Since injectivity loss is a problem in a number of gas injection projects, a preliminary investigation of injectivity loss in WAG was performed. A number of tests were carried out to investigate injectivity loss, indicating that for a given rock the injectivity loss depends on oil saturation in the core during WAG flooding. Higher loss was found in cores with high in-situ oil saturations. No injectivity loss was observed with the naturally fractured carbonate core.

Boyun (Gordon) Guo; David S. Schechter; Jyun-Syung Tsau; Reid B. Grigg; Shih-Hsien (Eric) Chang

1997-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

256

POISON SPIDER FIELD CHEMICAL FLOOD PROJECT, WYOMING  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A reservoir engineering and geologic study concluded that approximate 7,852,000 bbls of target oil exits in Poison Spider. Field pore volume, OOIP, and initial oil saturation are defined. Potential injection water has a total dissolved solids content of 1,275 mg/L with no measurable divalent cations. If the Lakota water consistently has no measurable cations, the injection water does not require softening to dissolve alkali. Produced water total dissolved solids were 2,835 mg/L and less than 20 mg/L hardness as the sum of divalent cations. Produced water requires softening to dissolve chemicals. Softened produced water was used to dissolve chemicals in these evaluations. Crude oil API gravity varies across the field from 19.7 to 22.2 degrees with a dead oil viscosity of 95 to 280 cp at 75 F. Interfacial tension reductions of up to 21,025 fold (0.001 dyne/cm) were developed with fifteen alkaline-surfactant combinations at some alkali concentration. An additional three alkaline-surfactant combinations reduced the interfacial tension greater than 5,000 fold. NaOH generally produced the lowest interfacial tension values. Interfacial tension values of less than 0.021 dyne/cm were maintained when the solutions were diluted with produced water to about 60%. Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3} when mixed with surfactants did not reduce interfacial tension values to levels at which incremental oil can be expected. NaOH without surfactant interfacial tension reduction is at a level where some additional oil might be recovered. Most of the alkaline-surfactant-polymer solutions producing ultra low interfacial tension gave type II- phase behavior. Only two solutions produced type III phase behavior. Produced water dilution resulted in maintenance of phase type for a number of solutions at produced water dilutions exceeding 80% dilution. The average loss of phase type occurred at 80% dilution. Linear corefloods were performed to determine relative permeability end points, chemical-rock compatibility, polymer injectivity, dynamic chemical retention by rock, and recommended injected polymer concentration. Average initial oil saturation was 0.796 Vp. Produced water injection recovered 53% OOIP leaving an average residual oil saturation of 0.375 Vp. Poison Spider rock was strongly water-wet with a mobility ratio for produced water displacing the 280 cp crude oil of 8.6. Core was not sensitive to either alkali or surfactant injection. Injectivity increased 60 to 80% with alkali plus surfactant injection. Low and medium molecular weight polyacrylamide polymers (Flopaam 3330S and Flopaam 3430S) dissolved in either an alkaline-surfactant solution or softened produced water injected and flowed through Poison Spider rock. Recommended injected polyacrylamide concentration is 2,100 mg/L for both polymers for a unit mobility ratio. Radial corefloods were performed to evaluate oil recovery efficiency of different chemical solutions. Waterflood oil recovery averaged 46.4 OOIP and alkaline-surfactant-polymer flood oil recovery averaged an additional 18.1% OIP for a total of 64.6% OOIP. Oil cut change due to injection of a 1.5 wt% Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3} plus 0.05 wt% Petrostep B-100 plus 0.05 wt% Stepantan AS1216 plus 2100 mg/L Flopaam 3430S was from 2% to a peak of 23.5%. Additional study might determine the impact on oil recovery of a lower polymer concentration. An alkaline-surfactant-polymer flood field implementation outline report was written.

Douglas Arnell; Malcolm Pitts; Jie Qi

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Materials Characterization Paper In Support of the Proposed Rulemaking – Identification of Nonhazardous Secondary Materials That Are Solid Waste Construction and Demolition Materials – Disaster Debris  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

winter storms, generate large amounts of debris. This poses a challenge for public officials who must manage this debris in a manner that is as efficient and cost-effective as possible. The debris resulting from natural disasters often includes building materials, sediments, vegetative debris, personal property, and other materials (EPA 2008, p. 11). Generally, this material has not been discarded. Rather, it is the product of a natural disaster. 2. Annual Quantities of Disaster Debris Generated and Used (1) Sectors that generate Disaster Debris: • Disaster debris may be generated by any sector affected by a natural disaster (e.g., households, businesses, government, etc.). (2) Quantities and prices of Disaster Debris generated:

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Fire Protection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NOT MEASUREMENT NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-STD-1066-2012 December 2012 _______________ Supersedes DOE-STD-1066-99 DOE STANDARD FIRE PROTECTION U.S. Department of Energy AREA FIRP Washington, DC 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web page at http://www.hss.doe.gov/nuclearsafety/ns/techstds/ DOE-STD-1066-2012 FOREWORD This Department of Energy (DOE) Standard (STD) supersedes DOE-STD-1066-99 1 and is approved for use by DOE and its contractors. The following fire protection standard is canceled with the issuance of this Standard and appropriate technical content was incorporated into this Standard: ï‚· DOE-STD-1088-95, Fire Protection for Relocatable Structures

259

Bridging the Gap between Chemical Flooding and Independent Oil Producers  

SciTech Connect

Ten Kanas oil reservoirs/leases were studied through geological and engineering analysis to assess the potential performance of chemical flooding to recover oil. Reservoirs/leases that have been efficiently waterflooded have the highest performance potential for chemical flooding. Laboratory work to identify efficient chemical systems and to test the oil recovery performance of the systems was the major effort of the project. Efficient chemical systems were identified for crude oils from nine of the reservoirs/leases. Oil recovery performance of the identified chemical systems in Berea sandstone rocks showed 90+ % recoveries of waterflood residual oil for seven crude oils. Oil recoveries increased with the amount of chemical injected. Recoveries were less in Indiana limestone cores. One formulation recovered 80% of the tertiary oil in the limestone rock. Geological studies for nine of the oil reservoirs are presented. Pleasant Prairie, Trembley, Vinland and Stewart Oilfields in Kansas were the most favorable of the studied reservoirs for a pilot chemical flood from geological considerations. Computer simulations of the performance of a laboratory coreflood were used to predict a field application of chemical flooding for the Trembley Oilfield. Estimates of field applications indicated chemical flooding is an economically viable technology for oil recovery.

Stan McCool; Tony Walton; Paul Whillhite; Mark Ballard; Miguel Rondon; Kaixu Song; Zhijun Liu; Shahab Ahmed; Peter Senior

2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

260

A Statistical Comparison of the Properties of Flash Flooding and Nonflooding Precipitation Events in Portions of New York and Pennsylvania  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flash floods reported for the forecast area of the National Weather Service Forecast Office at Binghamton, New York (BGM), are compared with similar significant precipitation and flash flood watch events not corresponding to flash flood reports. ...

Stephen M. Jessup; Arthur T. DeGaetano

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood disaster protection" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Management of Specific Flood Plain Areas (Iowa) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Management of Specific Flood Plain Areas (Iowa) Management of Specific Flood Plain Areas (Iowa) Management of Specific Flood Plain Areas (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Iowa Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Iowa Department of Natural Resources Floodplain management orders by the Iowa Department of Natural Resources as

262

Oscillatory thermal instability - the Bhopal disaster and liquid bombs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal runaway reactions were involved in the Bhopal disaster of 1984, in which methyl isocyanate was vented from a storage tank of the liquid, and occur in liquid peroxide explosions, yet to date there have been few investigations into the mechanism of thermal runaway in such liquid thermoreactive systems. Consequently protocols for storing thermally unstable liquids and deactivating liquid bombs may be suboptimal. In this work the hydrolysis of methyl isocyanate and the thermal decomposition of triacetone triperoxide were simulated using a gradientless, continuous-flow reactor paradigm. This approximation enabled stability analyses on the steady state solutions of the dynamical mass and enthalpy equations. The results indicate that thermal runaway in both systems is due to the onset of a large amplitude, hard thermal oscillation initiated at a subcritical Hopf bifurcation. This type of thermal misbehaviour cannot be predicted using classical ignition theory, and may be typical of liquid thermoreactive syst...

Ball, Rowena

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Flood Zone Building Permits (District of Columbia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Flood Zone Building Permits (District of Columbia) Flood Zone Building Permits (District of Columbia) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider District Department of the Environment

264

The Uncertainty in the Prediction of Flash Floods in the Northern Mediterranean Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Development of an operational flood forecasting system and assessment of forecast uncertainty are the principal topics of this paper. Flood forecasting procedures are developed for a Mediterranean environment. A procedure that uses the Ensemble ...

Luca Ferraris; Roberto Rudari; Franco Siccardi

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Remote Sensing of Flooding in the U.S. Upper Midwest during the Summer of 1993  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. upper Midwest was subjected to severe flooding during the summer of 1993. Heavy rainfall in the Mississippi River basin from April through July caused flooding of many Midwest rivers, including the Mississippi, Illinois, Missouri, and ...

Liam E. Gumley; Michael D. King

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Application of Airborne Passive Microwave Observations for Monitoring Inland Flooding Caused by Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inland flooding from tropical cyclones is a significant factor in storm-related deaths in the United States and other countries, with the majority of tropical cyclone fatalities recorded in the United States resulting from freshwater flooding. ...

Courtney D. Buckley; Robbie E. Hood; Frank J. LaFontaine

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

The Use of an Automated Nowcasting System to Forecast Flash Floods in an Urban Watershed  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flash flooding represents a significant hazard to human safety and a threat to property. Simulation and prediction of floods in complex urban settings requires high-resolution precipitation estimates and distributed hydrologic modeling. The need ...

Hatim O. Sharif; David Yates; Rita Roberts; Cynthia Mueller

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Urbanization and Climate Change: An Examination of Nonstationarities in Urban Flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We examine the hydroclimatology, hydrometeorology and hydrology of flooding in the Milwaukee metropolitan region of the upper midwest of the US. The objectives of this study are: 1) to assess nonstationarities in flood frequency associated with ...

Long Yang; James A. Smith; Daniel B. Wright; Mary Lynn Baeck; Gabriele Villarini; Fuqiang Tian; Heping Hu

269

Organization of Flash-Flood-Producing Precipitation in the Northeast United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heavy precipitation and flash flooding have been extensively studied in the central United States, but less so in the Northeast. This study examines 187 warm-season flash flood events identified in Storm Data to better understand the structure of ...

Stephen M. Jessup; Stephen J. Colucci

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Organization of the River and Flood Program in the National Weather Service  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Weather Service is charged by law with the responsibility of issuing forecasts and warnings of floods to the nation to help save lives and mitigate property damage. This mission falls under the authority of the River and Flood ...

E. A. Stallings; L. A. Wenzel

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Precipitation and Damaging Floods: Trends in the United States, 1932–97  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The poor relationship between what climatologists, hydrologists, and other physical scientists call floods, and those floods that actually cause damage to life or property, has limited what can be reliably said about the causes of observed trends ...

Roger A. Pielke Jr.; Mary W. Downton

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Evaluation of Tools Used for Monitoring and Forecasting Flash Floods in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper evaluates, for the first time, flash-flood guidance (FFG) values and recently developed gridded FFG (GFFG) used by the National Weather Service (NWS) to monitor and predict imminent flash flooding, which is the leading storm-related ...

Jonathan J. Gourley; Jessica M. Erlingis; Yang Hong; Ernest B. Wells

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Study of the effects of a disaster at Grand Coulee Dam upon the Hanford Works  

SciTech Connect

Declassified 23 Nov 1973. It is assumed that the Grand Coulee Dam would be destroyed by one direct hit following detonation of an atomic bomb. Major effects of the explosion include flooding and isolation of Richland, flooding of Midway Substation, and flooding of surrounding areas. Maximum water elevations following a direct hit and indirect hits are estimated. Data are presented for flow through openings and flow through dam failure. (HLW)

Kramer, H.A.

1950-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Enhanced homeland security and disaster emergency operations based on biometrics and RFID  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Methods that enhance homeland security and disaster emergency operations through biometrics and Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) were studied. Biometrics can be used in visas and e-passports for border security, identity verification at airports, ...

Lidong Wang

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Worth of Geophysical Data in Natural-Disaster-Insurance Rate Setting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Insurance firms that offer natural-disaster insurance base their rates on available information. The benefits from collecting additional data and incorporating this information to improve parameter estimates of probability distributions that are ...

E. D. Attanasi; M. R. Karlinger

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Suggested strategies and best practices in private supply chain disaster response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In times of disaster, demand for goods and services in affected areas spikes. Private companies generally have contingencies in place for business continuity; however, most lack a strategic approach to join the general ...

Budhiraj, Karn

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Strategies for an integrated US industry response to a humanitarian disaster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis focuses on developing strategies to improve coordination between private businesses, relief agencies, and the government in order to deliver more efficient and effective disaster relief during major national ...

Lam, Sheau Kai

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

The Dynamic Effects of Hurricanes in the US: The Role of Non-Disaster Transfer Payments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We know little about the dynamic economic impacts of natural disasters. I examine the effect of hurricanes on US counties’ economies 0-10 years after landfall. Overall, I find no substantial changes in county population, ...

Deryugina, Tatyana

279

Picking up the pieces : transitional shelters for disaster relief in the northern mountainous regions of Pakistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis seeks to tackle a complex problem - disaster housing relief - from the angle of architecture design discipline and attempts to find a logical approach to solve such a problem via an in depth examination of a ...

Lee, Weifeng Victoria

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Taming Nuclear Power. What have we learned from the Fukushima disaster?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the main causes and consequences of the Fukushima nuclear disaster, in comparison with the previous major accidents of Three Mile Island and Chernobyl (among a total of 30 civilian nuclear accidents).

CERN. Geneva

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood disaster protection" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Online Community Response to Major Disaster: A Study of Tianya Forum in the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Immediately after the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake, the netizens reacted and participated in the disaster response in many ways. This work examined a popular Chinese discussion forum during the first week after the earthquake, adopting both quantitative and ...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Flood and Shield Basalts from Ethiopia: Magmas from the African Superswell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-known, but less well-preserved, flood basalt provinces such as the Deccan and Karoo. The shield volcanoes have

Demouchy, Sylvie

283

Disaster Resiliency and Recovery: Capabilities (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a a pa b i l i t i e s Disaster Resiliency and Recovery NREL Experts Assist Before and After a Disaster The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the nation's leader in energy efficient and renewable energy technologies, practices, and strategies. For the last 15 years, NREL has provided expertise, tools, and innovations to private industry; federal, state, and local governments; non-profit organizations; and communities during the planning, recovery,

284

Rhode Island Disaster Recovery Business Alliance CEO and Business Needs Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural and person-caused disasters are increasing in frequency and magnitude, and these disasters are taking an ever-increasing economic and personal toll. This report describes the early steps of a statewide project in Rhode Island to offset the effects of these catastrophic events. The project involves the efforts of EPRI, the Institute for Business and Home Safety (IBHS), and many other public and private organizations.

1998-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

285

Model-based monitoring for early warning flood detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Predictive environmental sensor networks provide complex engineering and systems challenges. These systems must withstand the event of interest, remain functional over long time periods when no events occur, cover large geographical regions of interest ... Keywords: early warning system, flood prediction, heterogeneous communication, regression model, wireless sensor network

Elizabeth A. Basha; Sai Ravela; Daniela Rus

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Sketch-based SIP flooding detection using Hellinger distance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Voice over IP (VoIP) application utilizes the Internet to provide voice service; thus it is susceptible to various security issues common on the IP networks, such as the flooding attack. Moreover, VoIP uses the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) for ...

Jin Tang; Yu Cheng; Chi Zhou

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Composite Meteorological Forcing of Puerto Rican Springtime Flood Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The central Antilles Islands experience short periods of heavy rainfall during the spring season (April and May) when trade winds weaken across the Caribbean Sea. Composite analysis of the top 10 flood events in the period 1979–2005 is carried ...

Mark R. Jury; David M. Sanchez

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

A Factorial Analysis of Storm Surge Flooding in Barrow, Alaska  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes work to improve the understanding of the broad range of factors affecting the occurrence of flooding in Barrow, Alaska, using as a basis the series of extreme events that have affected the community over the past 50 years. A ...

Amanda H. Lynch; Leanne R. Lestak; Petteri Uotila; Elizabeth N. Cassano; Lian Xie

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

A Unified Flash Flood Database across the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite flash flooding being one of the most deadly and costly weather-related natural hazards worldwide, individual datasets to characterize them in the United States are hampered by limited documentation and can be difficult to access. This study is the ...

Jonathan J. Gourley; Yang Hong; Zachary L. Flamig; Ami Arthur; Robert Clark; Martin Calianno; Isabelle Ruin; Terry Ortel; Michael E. Wieczorek; Pierre-Emmanuel Kirstetter; Edward Clark; Witold F. Krajewski

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Kerr-McGee launches talent at House Creek flood  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kerr-McGee Corp. gets tertiary status on potassium hydroxide treatment augmenting the polymer flood of House Creek Sussex Unit. Kerr-McGee took over the House Creek flood project when it bought some $65.6 million in Powder River Basin properties from Sonat Exploration Co. of Birmingham, Alabama. Those Campbell and Converse county properties included some 75,000 net acres of leases and approximately 11 MMboe in developed and undeveloped reserves. At first, Kerr-McGee planned to go ahead with Sonat's 3-to-1 line drive pattern for its flood, but further study persuaded the company to go to a 1-to-1 pattern. The original 3-to-1 pattern had three rows of producers for one row of injectors. The 1-to-1 pattern has one row of producers for one row of injectors. Even though it's technically a polymer flood, the project qualifies for tertiary recovery status because of the potassium hydroxide (KOH) treatment used to stabilize clays in the touchy Sussex Formation.

Lyle, D.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

W  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HURRICANE * FLASH FLOOD * FIRE * HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SPILL * EARTHQUAKE * TORNADO * WINTER STORM HURRICANE * FLASH FLOOD * FIRE * HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SPILL * EARTHQUAKE * TORNADO * WINTER STORM W Disaster can strike quickly and without warning. It can force you to evacuate your neighborhood or confine you to your home. What would you do if basic services-water, gas, electricity or telephones-were cut off? Local officials and relief workers will be on the scene after a disaster, but they cannot reach everyone right away. Families can-and do-cope with disaster by preparing in advance and working together as a team. Follow the steps listed in this brochure to create your family's disaster plan. Knowing what to do is your best protection and your responsibility. Your Family Disaster Plan here will your family be when disaster strikes? They could be anywhere

292

International Disaster Medical Sciences Fellowship: Model Curriculum and Key Considerations for Establishment of an Innovative International Educational Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sciences Fellowship: Model Curriculum and Key Considerationsand a model core curriculum based on current evidence-basedand a model core curriculum. The same Disaster Medical

Koenig, Kristi L; Bey, Tareg; Schultz, Carl H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Emergency management span of control optimizing organizational structures to better prepare Vermont for the next major or catastrophic disaster .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??During a statewide disaster in Vermont, one of the most important actions Vermont Emergency Management should take during the response phase is to maintain awareness… (more)

Schumacher, Ludwig J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

A non-parametric data-based approach for probabilistic flood forecasting in support of uncertainty communication  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In addition to structural measures, governmental authorities have set up flood forecasting systems to be used as early warning systems, to minimize the damage of future floods. These flood forecasting systems make use of hydrological and hydrodynamic ... Keywords: Non parametric approach, Operational flood forecasting, Probabilistic forecasting, Uncertainty estimation

N. Van Steenbergen; J. Ronsyn; P. Willems

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Enhanced oil recovery: miscible flooding; thermal methods; and process implementation. Annual report, October 1, 1979-September 30, 1980  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The individual papers in this volume covering miscible flooding, thermal methods, and process implementation were indexed.

Linville, B. (ed.)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Coordinating, integrating, and synchronizing disaster response : use of an emergency response synchronization matrix in emergency planning, exercises, and operations.  

SciTech Connect

The Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness (CSEP) Program is a wide-ranging activity in support of a national initiative involving the U.S. Army Chemical Materiel Command (CMA), the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), 9 states, and 37 counties. Established in 1988, the CSEP Program enhances emergency planning for the unlikely event of a release of hazardous chemical weapons agent from one of the Army's chemical weapons storage installations currently storing chemical weapons. These obsolete weapons are scheduled to be destroyed; meanwhile, however, they pose a threat to installation workers and residents of the surrounding communities. Argonne's CSEP Program includes a variety of components that serve the needs of multiple program participants. Among the major activities are: (1) Development of the Emergency Planning Synchronization Matrix to facilitate integration of multi-jurisdictional emergency plans: (a) Coordinating, Integrating, and Synchronizing Disaster Response: Use of an Emergency Response Synchronization Matrix in Emergency Planning, Exercises, and Operations. A graphical depiction of the entire emergency response process via a synchronization matrix is an effective management tool for optimizing the design, exercise, and real-life implementation of emergency plans. This system-based approach to emergency planning depicts how a community organizes its response tasks across space and time. It gives responders the opportunity to make real-time adjustments to maximizing the often limited resources in protecting area residents. An effective response to any natural or technological hazard must involve the entire community and must not be limited by individual jurisdictions and organizations acting on their own without coordination, integration, and synchronization. An emergency response to an accidental release of chemical warfare agents from one of this nation's eight chemical weapons stockpile sites, like any other disaster response, is complex. It requires the rapid coordination, integration, and synchronization of multiple levels of governmental and nongovernmental organizations from numerous jurisdictions, each with varying response capabilities, into a unified community response. The community response actions occur in an area extending from an on-site storage location to points 25 or more miles away. Actions are directed and controlled by responding local governments and agencies situated within the response area, as well as by state and federal operations centers quite removed from the area of impact. Time is critical and the protection action decision-making process is greatly compressed. To ensure an effective response with minimal confusion, given the potential catastrophic nature of such releases, the response community must carefully synchronize response operations.

Hewett, P. L., Jr.; Mitrani, J. E.; Metz, W. C.; Vercellone, J. J.; Decision and Information Sciences

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

LANL completes high-priority flood and erosion control work  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lab completes priority erosion controls Lab completes priority erosion controls LANL completes high-priority flood and erosion control work Crews installed 600 feet of water diversion barriers and removed more than 1,200 cubic yards of sediment in anticipation of flash flooding. July 11, 2011 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

298

Technical feasibility of chemical flooding in California reservoirs  

SciTech Connect

A study of the applicability of chemical flooding to California is presented. It is shown that the five processes reviewed (CO/sub 2/), micellar-polymer, polymer, caustic and hydrocarbon miscible can increase oil recovery from California reservoirs. Over one half of the 435 California reservoirs on which DOE has crude oil data contain oils with quantities of 25/degree/API or higher and viscosities of less than 20 cp. These reservoirs include sands in the large Wilmington, Belridge, Coalinga, Ventura and Midway Sunset fields. Based on crude oil properties, these reservoirs are candidates for all of the chemical flooding processes (Miscible and non-miscible. Economic success will depend on how well the problems of reservoir geology, CO/sub 2/ availability and mobility control, and surfactant and polymer quality are handled in the design and operation of each project. 40 refs.

Holm, L.W.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Rebuilding your flooded home: Guidelines for incorporating energy efficiency  

SciTech Connect

Repairs to your flood-damaged home can add energy efficiency at the same time you address pressing structural needs, mainly by replacing and upgrading insulation in walls and floors, and checking your foundation for flood damage. Many energy efficiency options are available to you today that may not have been widely available when you built your house even if that was only a few years ago. Cost-effectiveness depends on several factors, including cost of fuel and materials, efficiency levels of the structure and components, and climate. This booklet offers some general tips to improve the efficiency of your home`s shell and equipment. Additional information on any issue covered in this booklet is available from various agencies within or near your community, including your state energy office, local community action agency, utilities, Red Cross and Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) offices.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Field test of cosurfactant-enhanced alkaline flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To demonstrate that cosurfactant-enhanced alkaline flooding is viable in recovering waterflood residual oil from sandstone reservoirs in the near-offshore Gulf of Mexico, a series of tests is being conducted in the White Caste field, Louisiana. The strategy adopted was to pilot the technology in three stages: (1) a flood without polymer to prove features of the process unrelated to achieving mobility control, (2) a test of process polymer injectivity in the same reservoir, and (3) a full process demonstration in a shallower sand. The first phase of the pilot is described in this paper; pilot design, slug formulation, and operations are summarized and key responses are documented and interpreted. Ref. 2 describes the polymer injectivity test. The final pilot stage has not been initiated yet.

Falls, A.H.; Thigpen, D.R.; Nelson, R.C.; Ciaston, J.W.; Lawson, J.B.; Good, P.A.; Ueber, R.C.; Shahin, G.T.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood disaster protection" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

SWEEPER: an efficient disaster recovery point identification mechanism  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data corruption is one of the key problems that is on top of the radar screen of most CIOs. Continuous Data Protection (CDP) technologies help enterprises deal with data corruption by maintaining multiple versions of data and facilitating recovery by ...

Akshat Verma; Kaladhar Voruganti; Ramani Routray; Rohit Jain

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

CHEM2D. 2-D, 3-Phase Chemical Flood Simulator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CHEM2D is a two-dimensional, three-phase, nine component, finite difference chemical flood simulator. It can model primary depletion, waterfloods, polymer floods, and micellar/polymer floods using heterogeneous one or two-dimensional (areal or cross-sectional) reservoir descriptions. This includes the ability to model primary depletion and waterflooding of an undersaturated oil reservoir and a polymer flood in which gels are injected with polymer or cross-linking chemicals are injected. One injection well and up to four production wells are available. The user may specify well performance as either rate or pressure constrained, and both a constant time-step size and a variable time-step size based on extrapolation of concentration changes are available as options. The major physical phenomena modeled in CHEM2D are: adsorption, capillary pressure, capillary trapping, cation exchange, dilution, dispersion, interfacial tension, binary and ternary phase behavior, relative permeability, specific densities, and polymer properties (inaccessible pore volume, non-Newtonian viscosity and shear thinning, and permeability reduction). Components include water, oil, surfactant, polymer, total nonsorbing anions, calcium, alcohol, calcium-surfactant complex, and sodium. Components may partition amongst the aqueous, oleic, and microemulsion phases. An auxiliary program, PHASE, is included to provide the CHEM2D user with a tool for looking directly at the phase behavior of a system. PHASE is the phase behavior calculation of CHEM2D coupled with a driving program for generating ternary phase behavior input data and for writing out tabular results. It can be used to compute phase concentrations and saturations as a function of effective salinity and total component concentrations and phase saturations (relative volumes) as a function of effective salinity for a fixed set of total component concentrations.

Burtch, F.W. [USDOE Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, OK (United States)

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

A methodology for forecasting carbon dioxide flooding performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A methodology was developed for forecasting carbon dioxide (CO2) flooding performance quickly and reliably. The feasibility of carbon dioxide flooding in the Dollarhide Clearfork "AB" Unit was evaluated using the methodology. This technique is very helpful when time and data resources are limited. The methodology consists of five tasks: 1) select a section of the reservoir with the most detailed geologic, reservoir, and production data, 2) perform material balance analysis for the selected section to determine 001? and the history of total expansion, voidage, and injectage, 3) establish an average 5-spot pattern within the selected section, 4) develop a black oil numerical simulation model for a quarter of the 5-spot pattern and simulate the primary and waterflood recovery processes, and 5) forecast carbon dioxide performance using Shell's Scoping model, Texaco's "PROPHET" model, and VIP miscible simulator. One of the major limitations of the methodology is that details of individual well performance and reservoir pressure and fluid saturation distributions in the project area are not available. Therefore, the forecast is limited to the average pattern and to the reservoir as a whole. Results of the Dollarhide Clearfork simulation study show that 9.7 % to 14.1 % of OOIP may be recovered by C02 flood in the selected section. It would require WAG injection cycles with a total fluid injection of 0.831 HCPV.

Marroquin Cabrera, Juan Carlos

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

GIS-BASED PREDICTION OF HURRICANE FLOOD INUNDATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simulation environment is being developed for the prediction and analysis of the inundation consequences for infrastructure systems from extreme flood events. This decision support architecture includes a GIS-based environment for model input development, simulation integration tools for meteorological, hydrologic, and infrastructure system models and damage assessment tools for infrastructure systems. The GIS-based environment processes digital elevation models (30-m from the USGS), land use/cover (30-m NLCD), stream networks from the National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) and soils data from the NRCS (STATSGO) to create stream network, subbasins, and cross-section shapefiles for drainage basins selected for analysis. Rainfall predictions are made by a numerical weather model and ingested in gridded format into the simulation environment. Runoff hydrographs are estimated using Green-Ampt infiltration excess runoff prediction and a 1D diffusive wave overland flow routing approach. The hydrographs are fed into the stream network and integrated in a dynamic wave routing module using the EPA's Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) to predict flood depth. The flood depths are then transformed into inundation maps and exported for damage assessment. Hydrologic/hydraulic results are presented for Tropical Storm Allison.

JUDI, DAVID [Los Alamos National Laboratory; KALYANAPU, ALFRED [Los Alamos National Laboratory; MCPHERSON, TIMOTHY [Los Alamos National Laboratory; BERSCHEID, ALAN [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2007-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

305

A Simple Flood Forecasting Scheme Using Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a forecasting model designed using WSNs (Wireless Sensor Networks) to predict flood in rivers using simple and fast calculations to provide real-time results and save the lives of people who may be affected by the flood. Our prediction model uses multiple variable robust linear regression which is easy to understand and simple and cost effective in implementation, is speed efficient, but has low resource utilization and yet provides real time predictions with reliable accuracy, thus having features which are desirable in any real world algorithm. Our prediction model is independent of the number of parameters, i.e. any number of parameters may be added or removed based on the on-site requirements. When the water level rises, we represent it using a polynomial whose nature is used to determine if the water level may exceed the flood line in the near future. We compare our work with a contemporary algorithm to demonstrate our improvements over it. Then we present our simulation results for t...

Seal, Victor; Maity, Shovan; Mitra, Souvik Kr; Mukherjee, Amitava; Naskar, Mrinal Kanti

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Development of cost-effective surfactant flooding technology. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Task 1 of this research was the development of a high-resolution, fully implicit, finite-difference, multiphase, multicomponent, compositional simulator for chemical flooding. The major physical phenomena modeled in this simulator are dispersion, heterogeneous permeability and porosity, adsorption, interfacial tension, relative permeability and capillary desaturation, compositional phase viscosity, compositional phase density and gravity effects, capillary pressure, and aqueous-oleic-microemulsion phase behavior. Polymer and its non-Newtonian rheology properties include shear-thinning viscosity, permeability reduction, inaccessible pore volume, and adsorption. Options of constant or variable space grids and time steps, constant-pressure or constant-rate well conditions, horizontal and vertical wells, and multiple slug injections are also available in the simulator. The solution scheme used in this simulator is fully implicit. The pressure equation and the mass-conservation equations are solved simultaneously for the aqueous-phase pressure and the total concentrations of each component. A third-order-in-space, second-order-in-time finite-difference method and a new total-variation-diminishing (TVD) third-order flux limiter are used that greatly reduce numerical dispersion effects. Task 2 was the optimization of surfactant flooding. The code UTCHEM was used to simulate surfactant polymer flooding.

Pope, G.A.; Sepehrnoori, K.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Technical evaluation of the susceptibility of safety-related systems to flooding caused by the failure of non-Category I systems for the Maine Yankee Atomic Power Station  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the technical evaluation of the Maine Yankee Atomic Power Station. The purpose of this evaluation was to determine whether the failure of any non-Class I (seismic) equipment could result in a condition, such as flooding, that might adversely affect the performance of the safety-related equipment required for the safe shutdown of the facility, or to mitigate the consequences of an accident. Criteria developed by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission were used to evaluate the acceptability of the existing protection system as well as measures taken by Maine Yankee Atomic Power Company (MYAPC) to minimize the danger of flooding and to protect safety-related equipment. Based on the information supplied, we conclude that the licensee, Maine Yankee Atomic Power Company (MYAPC), has demonstrated in its analysis that the Maine Yankee Atomic Power Station has the capacity and capability to manage and mitigate any single incident, such as flooding from a non-Class I system component or pipe, so that this flooding will not prevent a safe shutdown of the facility. 7 refs.

Epps, R.C.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Group value and intention to use - A study of multi-agency disaster management information systems for public safety  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines and extends the theory of information systems success in the context of large-scale disaster management (DM) for public safety. In the recent past, various evaluation reports on DM efforts have concluded that information quality and ... Keywords: Disaster management, Group value, Information systems success, Intention to use, Public sector, Task support, User satisfaction

JinKyu Lee; Nitesh Bharosa; Jing Yang; Marijn Janssen; H. R. Rao

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

August 9, 2006 20:56 PEC TFJD757-10-188416 A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TWO EXTERNAL HEALTH CARE DISASTER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DISASTER RESPONSES FOLLOWING HURRICANE KATRINA Michael G. Millin, MPH, Jennifer L. Jenkins, MD, MS, Thomas of Critical Event Prepared- ness and Response, Baltimore, MD (MGM, TK); and NJ-1 Disaster Medical Assistance;August 9, 2006 20:56 PEC TFJD757-10-188416 A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TWO EXTERNAL HEALTH CARE DISASTER

Scharfstein, Daniel

310

Hierarchical Disaster Image Classification for Situation Report Enhancement Yimin Yang, Hsin-Yu Ha, Fausto Fleites, Shu-Ching Chen, Steven Luis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

response situations. The HDIC framework classifies images into different disaster categories and subHierarchical Disaster Image Classification for Situation Report Enhancement Yimin Yang, Hsin-Yu Ha In this paper, a hierarchical disaster image classification (HDIC) framework based on multi-source data fusion

Chen, Shu-Ching

311

Open Information Gateway for Disaster Management Chi-Sheng SHIH, Ling-Jyh CHEN, Ching-Ju LIN, and Wei-Ho CHUNG  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is one of the fundamen- tal challenges to support timely and efficient disaster response and relief with probabilistic bandwidth guarantee. I. INTRODUCTION Success disaster response requires the collaboration from exchange for disaster response. In the last few decades, many attempts aimed on devel- oping special

Chen, Ling-Jyh

312

Abstract We describe in this article a framework for disaster response process management. This framework can be used to develop information systems sup-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

57 Abstract We describe in this article a framework for disaster response process management disaster response process management with business process management and argue why it is substantial, such as flexible workflow systems, are not suitable for disaster response processes. We propose an information

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

313

Connected Giving: Ordinary People Coordinating Disaster Relief on the Internet Cristen Torrey, Moira Burke, Matthew Lee, Anind Dey, Susan Fussell, Sara Kiesler  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in need of assistance [1]. The magnitude of the disaster overwhelmed institutions normally responsible boards, blogs, and personal websites--to coordinate a massive grassroots response to the disaster. OurConnected Giving: Ordinary People Coordinating Disaster Relief on the Internet Cristen Torrey

Fussell, Susan R.

314

Insulation Saves Energy and Money at Home...and HOA from Disaster |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Insulation Saves Energy and Money at Home...and HOA from Disaster Insulation Saves Energy and Money at Home...and HOA from Disaster Insulation Saves Energy and Money at Home...and HOA from Disaster December 29, 2009 - 7:30am Addthis Chris Stewart Senior Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory Earlier this month, just one day after Denver's first cold snap of the season, I woke up and saw a new text message from my downstairs neighbor. She was writing to let me know no one in our small, six-unit condo building had water. Immediately I feared the worst: The pipes froze overnight and burst, damaging the building and causing thousands of dollars in repair work. After throwing on some warm clothes, I surveyed the basement and outside where the water enters our building. No burst was visible. Relieved, we called a plumber, who for a hefty service fee was able to come

315

Rebuilding After Disaster: Going Green from the Ground Up | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

After Disaster: Going Green from the Ground Up After Disaster: Going Green from the Ground Up Jump to: navigation, search Name Rebuilding After Disaster: Going Green from the Ground Up Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Focus Area Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, People and Policy, Transportation, Water Conservation, Renewable Energy, Biomass, Geothermal, Ground Source Heat Pumps, Solar, - Solar Hot Water, - Solar Pv, Biomass - Waste To Energy, Wind Phase Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Develop Finance and Implement Projects, Create Early Successes Resource Type Case studies/examples Availability Publicly available--Free Publication Date 10/1/2009

316

Evaluation and Enhancement of Carbon Dioxide Flooding Through Sweep Improvement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon dioxide displacement is a common improved recovery method applied to light oil reservoirs (30-45{degrees}API). The economic and technical success of CO{sub 2} floods is often limited by poor sweep efficiency or large CO{sub 2} utilization rates. Projected incremental recoveries for CO{sub 2} floods range from 7% to 20% of the original oil in place; however, actual incremental recoveries range from 9% to 15% of the original oil in place, indicating the potential for significant additional recoveries with improved sweep efficiency. This research program was designed to study the effectiveness of carbon dioxide flooding in a mature reservoir to identify and develop methods and strategies to improve oil recovery in carbon dioxide floods. Specifically, the project has focused on relating laboratory, theoretical and simulation studies to actual field performance in a CO{sub 2} flood in an attempt to understand and mitigate problems of areal and vertical sweep efficiency. In this work the focus has been on evaluating the status of existing swept regions of a mature CO{sub 2} flood and developing procedures to improve the design of proposed floods. The Little Creek Field, Mississippi has been studied through laboratory, theoretical, numerical and simulation studies in an attempt to relate performance predictions to historical reservoir performance to determine sweep efficiency, improve the understanding of the reservoir response to CO{sub 2} injection, and develop scaling methodologies to relate laboratory data and simulation results to predicted reservoir behavior. Existing laboratory information from Little Creek was analyzed and an extensive amount of field data was collected. This was merged with an understanding of previous work at Little Creek to generate a detailed simulation study of two portions of the field – the original pilot area and a currently active part of the field. This work was done to try to relate all of this information to an understanding of where the CO{sub 2} went or is going and how recovery might be improved. New data was also generated in this process. Production logs were run to understand where the CO{sub 2} was entering the reservoir related to core and log information and also to corroborate the simulation model. A methodology was developed and successfully tested for evaluating saturations in a cased-hole environment. Finally an experimental and theoretical program was initiated to relate laboratory work to field scale design and analysis of operations. This work found that an understanding of vertical and areal heterogeneity is crucial for understanding sweep processes as well as understanding appropriate mitigation techniques to improve the sweep. Production and injection logs can provide some understanding of that heterogeneity when core data is not available. The cased-hole saturation logs developed in the project will also be an important part of the evaluation of vertical heterogeneity. Evaluation of injection well/production well connectivities through statistical or numerical techniques were found to be as successful in evaluating CO{sub 2} floods as they are for waterfloods. These are likely to be the lowest cost techniques to evaluate areal sweep. Full field simulation and 4D seismic techniques are other possibilities but were beyond the scope of the project. Detailed simulation studies of pattern areas proved insightful both for doing a “post-mortem” analysis of the pilot area as well as a late-term, active portion of the Little Creek Field. This work also evaluated options for improving sweep in the current flood as well as evaluating options that could have been successful at recovering more oil. That simulation study was successful due to the integration of a large amount of data supplied by the operator as well as collected through the course of the project. While most projects would not have the abundance of data that Little Creek had, integration of the available data continues to be critical for both the design and evaluation stages of CO{sub 2} floods. For cases w

Hughes, Richard

2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

317

Risk Analysis and Damage Assessment For Flood Prone Areas in Washington DC.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a loss estimation method regarding areas of District of Columbia susceptible to flooding, specifically the Southwest quadrant, the National Mall, and Federal… (more)

Lessani, Arian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Modeling and experimental analysis of carbon exchange from artificially flooded forest and peatland ecosystems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Development of hydroelectricity in recent years has stirred an international debate in relation to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused by flooding, which results from the… (more)

Kim, Youngil

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Idaho National Laboratory Materials and Fuels Complex Natural Phenomena Hazards Flood Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the results of flood hazards analyses performed for the Materials and Fuels Complex (MFC) and the adjacent Transient Reactor Experiment and Test Facility (TREAT) located at Idaho National Laboratory. The requirements of these analyses are provided in the U.S. Department of Energy Order 420.1B and supporting Department of Energy (DOE) Natural Phenomenon Hazard standards. The flood hazards analyses were performed by Battelle Energy Alliance and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The analyses addressed the following: • Determination of the design basis flood (DBFL) • Evaluation of the DBFL versus the Critical Flood Elevations (CFEs) for critical existing structures, systems, and components (SSCs).

Gerald Sehlke; Paul Wichlacz

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Calibration of a distributed flood forecasting model with input uncertainty using a Bayesian framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Calibrated probabilistic forecasting using ensemble modelSutcliffe (1970), River flow forecasting through conceptuala Distributed Flood Forecasting Model with Input Uncertainty

Li, M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood disaster protection" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Application of freshwater and brine polymer flooding in the North Burbank Unit, Osage County, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

A freshwater polymer-flood project was implemented in a 1,440-acre area of the North Burbank Unit (NBU) in 1980 with sequential injection of 4.2 million Ibm of polyacrylamide and 4.0 million Ibm of a 2.9% aluminum citrate crosslinking solution. Response to polymer flooding has been very pronounced, with ultimate incremental oil recovery projected to exceed 2.5 MMSTB of oil and total project oil expected to be 4.5 MMSTB. A crosslinked polymer-flood process for use in brine was developed that displays equally favorable performance characteristics as the freshwater polymer-flooding system.

Moffitt, P.D.; Zornes, D.R.; Moradi-Araghi, A.; McGovern, J.M. (Phillips Petroleum Co., Bartlesville, OK (United States))

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

DOE Advanced Protection Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Task 3 - Advanced Protection - Evaluate measures - 2009 - Design, model Irvine Smart Grid Demo protection system - 2010 6 Copyright 2010, Southern California Edison Task 1 -...

323

Erosion potential from Missoula floods in the Pasco Basin, Washington  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Localities within the Pasco Basin preserve evidence of Missoula floods. Deposits are 46% sand-sized, 36% gravel-sized, and 18% finer than sand-sized. Mean thickness is 39 meters. High water marks at Wallula Gap require a discharge of approximately 12.5 Mcms. At Sentinel Gap, the slope-area method shows that the high water marks require a discharge of 34.6 Mcms. Since this discharge greatly exceeds any estimated for Missoula floods, there must have been backwater ponding from Wallula Gap. Projecting the slope of the water surface at the upper end of Wallula Gap to the downstream cross section at Gable Mountain leads to a discharge of 9.5 Mcms at Sentinel Gap. The HEC-6 steady state code and four sediment transport equations were applied. Assuming sand-sized particles, DuBoys function estimated 4 to 9 meters of scour. Yang's equation estimated 3 to 4 meters of scour. These are a minimum. A hydrograph synthesized for the boundaries of the Pasco Basin shows the maxima of the flood would occur after 90 h at Sentinel Gap, and at 114 h at Wallula Gap. The 200 areas will remain inundated for four days and six hours. With a quasi-dynamic sediment transport computation, HEC-6 scour estimates range from 0.61 meters to 0.915 meters. This is a minimum amount and erosion is highly variable suggesting reworking of sediment. The Meyer-Peter Meuller equations show less than 1 meter of net scour in the 200 areas. More extensive erosion was achieved during particular time steps of this analysis suggesting that sediment re-working would occur.

Craig, R.G.; Hanson, J.P.

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Surfactant-enhanced alkaline flooding field project. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

The Tucker sand from Hepler field, Crawford County, Kansas, was characterized using routine and advanced analytical methods. The characterization is part of a chemical flooding pilot test to be conducted in the field, which is classified as a DOE Class I (fluvial-dominated delta) reservoir. Routine and advanced methods of characterization were compared. Traditional wireline logs indicate that the reservoir is vertically compartmentalized on the foot scale. Routine core analysis, X-ray computed tomography (CT), minipermeameter measurement, and petrographic analysis indicate that compartmentalization and lamination extend to the microscale. An idealized model of how the reservoir is probably structured (complex layering with small compartments) is presented. There was good agreement among the several methods used for characterization, and advanced characterization methods adequately explained the coreflood and tracer tests conducted with short core plugs. Tracer and chemical flooding tests were conducted in short core plugs while monitoring with CT to establish flow patterns and to monitor oil saturations in different zones of the core plugs. Channeling of injected fluids occurred in laboratory experiments because, on core plug scale, permeability streaks extended the full length of the core plugs. A graphic example of how channeling in field core plugs can affect oil recovery during chemical injection is presented. The small scale of compartmentalization indicated by plugs of the Tucker sand may actually help improve sweep between wells. The success of field-scale waterflooding and the fluid flow patterns observed in highly heterogeneous outcrop samples are reasons to expect that reservoir flow patterns are different from those observed with short core plugs, and better sweep efficiency may be obtained in the field than has been observed in laboratory floods conducted with short core plugs.

French, T.R.; Josephson, C.B.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Pantex Facility 10-Year Natural Phenomena Flood Hazard Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pantex Facility 10-Year Natural Pantex Facility 10-Year Natural Phenomena Flood Hazard Analysis Presented by and October, 2011 Presentation Outline I. Introductions II. Pantex III. 10 Year Update IV. Final Results V. July 2010 Event VI. Emergency Planning VII.What's Next Pantex The Pantex Plant, located 17 miles northeast of Amarillo, Texas, in Carson County, is charged with maintaining the safety, security and reliability of the nation's nuclear weapons stockpile. Worked performed at Pantex supports three core missions. * Stockpile Stewardship * Nonproliferation and * Safeguards and Security Pantex (cont.) - Location Pantex (cont.) - Weather Patterns * Precipitation is typical for Southwest climate, mainly in the form of Spring and

326

Flood Plain or Floodway Development (Iowa) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

or Floodway Development (Iowa) or Floodway Development (Iowa) Flood Plain or Floodway Development (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Iowa Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Iowa Department Natural Resources This section describes situations when a permit is needed for the

327

Matrix Acidizing Core Flooding Apparatus: Equipment and Procedure Description  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Core flooding is a commonly used experimental procedure in the petroleum industry. It involves pressurizing a reservoir rock and flowing fluid through it in the laboratory. The cylindrical rock, called a core, can be cut from the reservoir during a separate core drilling operation or a formation outcrop. A core flooding apparatus suitable for matrix acidizing was designed and assembled. Matrix acidizing is a stimulation technique in which hydrochloric acid (HCl) is injected down the wellbore below formation fracture pressure to dissolve carbonate (CaCO3) rock creating high permeability streaks called wormholes. The main components of the apparatus include a continuous flow syringe pump, three core holders, a hydraulic hand pump, two accumulators, a back pressure regulator, and two pressure transducers connected through a series of tubing and valves. Due to the corrosive nature of the acid, the apparatus features Hastelloy which is a corrosion resistant metal alloy. Another substantial feature of the apparatus is the ability to apply 3000psi back pressure. This is the pressure necessary to keep CO2, a product of the CaCO3 and HCl reaction, in solution at elevated temperatures. To perform experiments at temperature, the core holder is wrapped with heating tape and surrounded by insulation. Tubing is wrapped around a heating band with insulation to heat the fluid before it enters the core. A LabVIEW graphical programming code was written to control heaters as well as record temperature and pressure drop across the core. Other considerations for the design include minimizing footprint, operational ease by the user, vertical placement of the accumulators and core holders to minimize gravity effects, and air release valves. Core floods can be performed at varying injection rates, temperatures and pressures up to 5000psi and 250 degF. The apparatus can handle small core plugs, 1’’ diameter X 1’’ length, up to 4’’ X 20’’ cores. The equipment description includes the purpose, relevant features, and connections to the system for each component. Finally documented is the procedure to run a core flooding test to determine permeability and inject acid complete with an analysis of pressure response data.

Grabski, Elizabeth 1985-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Micellar/polymer flooding in the Bradford field  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the development and operation of a 218-acre (88-ha) micellar/polymer flood in the Bradford field of Pennsylvania. A definite tertiary oil production response occurred after injection of 35% PV of micellar slug and polymer. A total of 191,226 bbl (30.4x10/sup 3/ m/sup 3/), or 3.4% PV, oil was produced, which was significantly less than predicted. The production response occurred later and was lower than expected, and operations were discontinued before the scheduled polymer-injection sequence was completed.

Ondrusek, P.S.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Prioritizing Burn-Injured Patients During a Disaster Carri W. Chan, Linda V. Green, Yina Lu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

York City, this corresponds to 400 patients. There are currently 140 burn beds in the region which can on September 11, 2001, the US government initiated the development of disaster plans for resource allocation, Bravata et al. 2006). In the event of a nuclear attack, guidance is needed on whether people should

Chan, Carri W.

330

A Queueing System with Two Operation Modes and a Disaster Flow: Its Stationary State Probability Distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with a controllable queueing in which the operation mode changes, depending on the current queue length, and an additional flow of diasters arrive. A disaster may completely empty the system, i.e., all customers, including the ...

O. V. Semenova

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Improving service continuity: IT disaster prevention and mitigation for data centers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data centers provide highly-scalable and reliable computing for enterprise services such as web hosting, email, applications, and file storage. Because they integrate a range of different systems, data center administration is a complex process. Managing ... Keywords: data centers, infrastructure, it disaster recovery, mitigation

Louis Turnbull, Henry Ochieng, Chris Kadlec, Jordan Shropshire

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

The role of IT in crisis response: Lessons from the SARS and Asian Tsunami disasters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research on crisis management recognizes the important role of information although few studies of crisis response deal explicitly with information systems. In this paper, we present a case study of Singapore's response to the SARS and Asian Tsunami ... Keywords: Coordination theory, Crisis response, Crisis response information system, Disaster response, Resource based view, Soft positivism

Dorothy E. Leidner; Gary Pan; Shan L. Pan

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Gulf oil spill's ripples still a worry Warranted or not, disaster fears loom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gulf oil spill's ripples still a worry Warranted or not, disaster fears loom BY JIM WAYMER from the nation's worst-ever oil mess. Oceanographers want to know the paths of underwater oil plumes. Biologists wonder if nesting sea turtles that accidentally gulped oil will lay viable eggs or whether eggs

Belogay, Eugene A.

334

Business Intelligence Modeling: A Case Study of Disaster Management Organization in Pakistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Business Intelligence Modeling: A Case Study of Disaster Management Organization in Pakistan Sohail Asghar Department of Computer Science Mohammad Ali Jinnah University, Islamabad, Pakistan e-mail: sohail@umac.mo Touqeer Hussain Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan e

Fong, Chi Chiu "Simon"

335

Inter-System Software Adapter for Decision Support by Interfacing Disaster Response Platforms & Simulation Platforms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An inter-system adapter design is described which links the web service based DR NEP and WebSimP simulation platforms. The adapter enables the PSS Sincal electrical simulator to share results with the DR NEP which coordinates the data exchange among ... Keywords: disaster, management, interdependencies, infrastructure, web services

Jose Marti; Pranab Kini; Paul Lusina; Antonio Di Pietro; Vittorio Rosato; Baptiste Charnier; Wang Kui

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

A Framework for Designing a Global Information Network for Multinational Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Relief  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large-scale Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Relief (HA/DR) operations, particularly in developing countries, require the intervention and aid of various agencies from all over the world in a concerted and timely manner. As a result, HA/DR operations ... Keywords: crisis management, decision and negotiation support, information management

Tung Bui; Sungwon Cho; Siva Sankaran; Michael Sovereign

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Modeling the interaction between emergency communications and behavior in the aftermath of a disaster  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe results from a computer simulation-based study of a large-scale, human-initiated crisis in a densely populated urban setting. We focus on the interaction between human behavior and the communication infrastructure in the aftermath of the ... Keywords: computer simulations, disaster modeling, nuclear terrorism, synthetic information

Shridhar Chandan; Sudip Saha; Chris Barrett; Stephen Eubank; Achla Marathe; Madhav Marathe; Samarth Swarup; Anil Kumar S. Vullikanti

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Strategizing Bhopal: motives and manipulation in response to an industrial disaster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines the political and economic motives behind the responses of the Indian Government and nongovernmental organizations to the Union Carbide chemical disaster that occurred on December 3, 1984 in Bhopal India. Using F. G. Bailey's model of political interaction and competition as outlined in his book Stratagems and Spoils, three points are discussed regarding the Bhopal disaster and environmentalism in India. (1) Environmental activists in India so far have had minimal impact in the relief efforts for the victims of the tragedy or in shaping environmental policy at the state and national levels. (2) The rise of environmentalism on the international and national agendas has created new entrepreneurial opportunities for an emerging group of unemployed, educated professionals in India. (3) Contrary to popular belief, environmentalism in India is not strictly a grassroots movement. India's environmental movement includes a large proportion of educated middle class individuals. These individuals provide organizational and educational resources for nongovernmental organizations. In addition to these three points, India's environmental policy, is discussed along with an examination of the relationship between Hinduism and environmentalism. The events leading up to and surrounding the Bhopal disaster are outlined as well as the responses to the disaster from local, national, and international organizations, international government, and the chemical industry. This thesis shows that the responses of the government and the nongovernmental organizations to the Bhopal disaster were affected by a host of physical and social environmental factors. While both parties proclaimed that their highest priority was to provide relief and compensation for the victims, their actions indicated that other objectives, such as their continued existence, were given higher priority.

Stephens, Robert Mitchell

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Modern generator protection systems  

SciTech Connect

The special problems of the protection of generating stations with large machines connected to large integrated networks are presented. The coordination between the protective relays and tripping functions and the reliability of the protection scheme are important considerations in modern plants. Primary and backup protective functions, the applications, and their divisions into fault detection and ''fault prevention'' categories are considered. Testing and maintenance of the generator protection system including automatic calibration testing equipment is also discussed. The concept of the generator protection as a completely coordinated system and its realization with solid state protective relays is also presented. 9 refs.

Pencinger, C.J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Reservoir characterization and steam flood monitoring with crosshole EM  

SciTech Connect

Crosshole electromagnetic (EM) imaging is applied to reservoir characterization and steam flood monitoring in a central California oil field. Steam was injected into three stacked eastward-dipping, unconsolidated oil sands within the upper 200 m. The steam plume is expected to develop as an ellipse aligned with the regional northwest-southeast strike. EM measurements were made from two fiberglass-cased observation wells straddling the steam injector on a northeast-southwest profile using the LLNL frequency domain crosshole EM system. Field data were collected before the initiation of a steam drive to map the distribution of the oil sands and then 6 and 12 months later to monitor the progress of the steam chest. Resistivity images derived from the EM data before steam injection clearly delineate the distribution and dipping structure on the target oil sands. Difference images, from data collected before and after steam flooding, show resistivity changes that indicate that the steam chest has developed only in the deeper oil sands although steam injection occurred in all three sand layers.

Wilt, M. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Torres-Verdin, C. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood disaster protection" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Wyoming chemical flood test for oil recovery shows promise  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project was begun in 1978 to provide data to promote surfactant chemical flooding on a commercial scale in the low-permeability reservoirs of eastern Wyoming and Colorado. The Big Muddy Field in Wyoming was selected because of the large resource, potential net pay, and high oil saturation. Injection began on February 20, 1980 with a surfactant flooding process. Water mixed with salt (brine) was injected as a preflush which was completed on January 20, 1981. This produced 12,122 bbl of oil. The next step involves injecting a surfactant, co-surfactant (alcohol), and polymer. When the injection of the surfactant is completed in the summer of 1982, polymer alone will be injected. Polymer injection will be completed sometime in 1984. The final phase will be a followup water drive scheduled for 1984-1987. As of February 1, 1982, 36,683 bbl of oil had been produced. About 88 bbl of oil per day is being produced, compared to only about 41 bbl per day in February 1981. (ATT)

Not Available

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Improving chemical flood efficiency with micellar/alkaline/polymer processes  

SciTech Connect

A laboratory study was undertaken to find more efficient, lower-cost chemical systems for the recovery of waterflood residual oil. The authors' investigation emphasized alkaline-augmented processes because alkali is much less expensive than surfactant. The strategy was to replace some of or all the high-cost surfactants in a micellar formulation with lower-cost alkali and still maintain the high tertiary oil recoveries obtained with micellar flooding. Baseline oil recoveries in Berea corefloods were determined for two interfacially active crude oils with micellar/polymer (MP) and alkaline/polymer (AP) systems. A combination process was then developed in which a small micellar slug is injected first, followed by a larger AP slug. This process is referred to as a micellar/alkaline/polymer (MAP) flood. Phase-behavior studies guided the design and optimization of all three chemical processes in the coreflood experiments. Detailed effluent analyses and in-situ mobility measurements provided information about possible oil recovery mechanisms.

Shuler, P.J.; Kuehne, D.L.; Lerner, R.M.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Hydroclimate Analysis of Severe Floods in China’s Poyang Lake Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Poyang Lake in Jiangxi Province is the largest freshwater lake in China and is historically a region of significant floods. Maximum annual lake stage and the number of severe flood events have increased during the past few decades because of levee ...

David Shankman; Barry D. Keim; Tadanobu Nakayama; Rongfang Li; Dunyin Wu; W. Craig Remington

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

An Inspection Well Data Analyzing Approach to Residual Oil Distribution After Polymer Flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As one of the widely applied EOR methods in China, polymer flooding can gain about 10% incremental oil recovery. Meanwhile, most producing wells have been in high water cut period, subsurface displacement is still non-uniform and some non-flushed layers ... Keywords: after polymer flooding, residual oil, distribution law, inspection well, flush degree

Wang Zhengbo, Ye Yinzhu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Evaluation of a coastal flood inundation model using hard and soft data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observed data of coastal inundation are very rare, yet are essential for testing the performance of simulation models for this significant natural hazard. In this paper we therefore examine the extent to which observed data can constrain predictions ... Keywords: Coastal flooding, Flood risk, Hydraulic modelling, Model evaluation, Uncertainty

Rosemary A. E. Smith; Paul D. Bates; Christopher Hayes

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Fluctuations in the Drought/Flood Area over India and Relationships with the Southern Oscillation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An objective numerical drought/flood index has been used to obtain, on the dryness side, the Drought Area Index (DAI) and on the wetness side, the Flood Area Index (FAI) for India for the period 1891–1979. The DAI for a given year is the ...

H. N. Bhalme; D. A. Mooley; S. K. Jadhav

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Cases of Heavy Precipitation and Flash Floods in the Caribbean during El Niño Winters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The environments associated with three episodes of heavy precipitation and flash floods in the Caribbean are diagnosed. Analysis of the hydrometeorological conditions leading up to flash floods on 3–4 January 1998, 5–6 January 1992, and 4 March ...

Arlene G. Laing

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Numerical Simulation of the 1981 Sichuan Flood. Part I: Evolution of a Mesoscale Southwest Vortex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the period 11–15 July 1981, heavy rainfall occurred over the Sichuan Basin in China, resulting in severe floods that took a large toll in human life and property damage. Mesoscale analyses by Kuo, Cheng and Anthes have shown that the flood ...

Ying-Hwa Kuo; Linsheng Cheng; Jian-Wen Bao

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Using High-Resolution Satellite Rainfall Products to Simulate a Major Flash Flood Event in Northern Italy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effective flash flood warning procedures are usually hampered by observational limitations of precipitation over mountainous basins where flash floods occur. Satellite rainfall estimates are available over complex terrain regions, offering a ...

Efthymios I. Nikolopoulos; Emmanouil N. Anagnostou; Marco Borga

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Assessing the Capability of a Regional-Scale Weather Model to Simulate Extreme Precipitation Patterns and Flooding in Central Texas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regional-scale weather model is used to determine the potential for flood forecasting based on model-predicted rainfall. Extreme precipitation and flooding events are a significant concern in central Texas, due to both the high occurrence and ...

Marla R. Knebl Lowrey; Zong-Liang Yang

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Toward Real-Time Daily PQPF by an Analog Sorting Approach: Application to Flash-Flood Catchments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heavy-rainfall events are common in southern France and frequently result in devastating flash floods. Thus, an appropriate anticipation of future rainfall is required: for early flood warning, at least 12–24 h in advance; for alerting operational ...

Renaud Marty; Isabella Zin; Charles Obled; Guillaume Bontron; Abdelatif Djerboua

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Field Testing of Energy-Efficient Flood-Damage-Resistant Residential Envelope Systems Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

The primary purpose of the project was to identify materials and methods that will make the envelope of a house flood damage resistant. Flood damage resistant materials and systems are intended to be used to repair houses subsequent to flooding. This project was also intended to develop methods of restoring the envelopes of houses that have been flooded but are repairable and may be subject to future flooding. Then if the house floods again, damage will not be as extensive as in previous flood events and restoration costs and efforts will be minimized. The purpose of the first pair of field tests was to establish a baseline for typical current residential construction practice. The first test modules used materials and systems that were commonly found in residential envelopes throughout the U.S. The purpose of the second pair of field tests was to begin evaluating potential residential envelope materials and systems that were projected to be more flood-damage resistant and restorable than the conventional materials and systems tested in the first pair of tests. The purpose of testing the third slab-on-grade module was to attempt to dry flood proof the module (no floodwater within the structure). If the module could be sealed well enough to prevent water from entering, then this would be an effective method of making the interior materials and systems flood damage resistant. The third crawl space module was tested in the same manner as the previous modules and provided an opportunity to do flood tests of additional residential materials and systems. Another purpose of the project was to develop the methodology to collect representative, measured, reproducible (i.e. scientific) data on how various residential materials and systems respond to flooding conditions so that future recommendations for repairing flood damaged houses could be based on scientific data. An additional benefit of collecting this data is that it will be used in the development of a standard test procedure which could lead to the certification of building materials and systems as flood damage resistant.

Aglan, H.

2005-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

353

Improved efficiency of miscible CO{sub 2} floods and enhanced prospects for CO{sub 2} flooding heterogeneous reservoirs. Quarterly technical progress report, January 1, 1995--March 31, 1995  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this research is to improve the effectiveness of CO{sub 2} flooding in heterogeneous reservoirs. Activities include: exploration of the applicability of selective mobility reduction utilizing foams; possible higher economic viability of floods at slightly reduced CO{sub 2} injection pressures; and taking advantage of gravitational forces during flooding in fractured reservoirs.

Grigg, R.B.; Heller, J.P.; Schechter, D.S.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Effects of CO/sub 2/ flooding on wave velocities in rocks with hydrocarbons  

SciTech Connect

Compressional and shear-wave velocities were measured in the laboratory in seven sandstones (porosities ranging from 6 to 29%) and one unconsolidated sand (37% porosity) saturated with n-hexadecane (C/sub 16/H/sub 34/) both before and after CO/sub 2/ flooding. CO/sub 2/ flooding decreased compressional-wave velocities significantly, while shear-wave velocities were less affected. The magnitude of these effects was found to depend on confining and pore pressures, temperature, and porosities of the rocks. The experimental results and theoretical analysis show that the decreases in compressional-wave velocities caused by CO/sub 2/ flooding may be seismically resolvable in situ. Therefore, seismic--especially high-frequency, high-resolution seismic--methods may be useful in mapping and locating CO/sub 2/ zones, tracking movements of CO/sub 2/ fronts, and monitoring flooding processes in reservoirs undergoing CO/sub 2/ flooding.

Wang, Z. (Core Labs., Calgary (CA)); Nur, A.M. (Stanford Univ., Geophysics Dept., CA (US))

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Short communication: A GIS-based decision support system for integrated flood management under uncertainty with two dimensional numerical simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new decision support system has been developed for integrated flood management within the framework of ArcGIS based on realistic two dimensional flood simulations. This system has the ability to interact with and use classified Remote Sensing (RS) ... Keywords: 2D simulation, ArcGIS, Census block, Decision support system, Integrated flood management, Remote sensing

Honghai Qi; M. S. Altinakar

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Social Vulnerability to Coastal and Inland Flood Hazards: A Comparison of GIS-Based Spatial Interpolation Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous research on exposure to flood hazards suggests that individuals characterized by low social vulnerability are more likely to reside in coastal flood hazard zones than individuals of higher social vulnerability, but few studies have examined ... Keywords: Areal Interpolation, Coastal Hazards, Dasymetric Mapping, Environmental Justice, Flood, Geographic Information Systems GIS, Risk, Vulnerability

Marilyn C. Montgomery, Jayajit Chakraborty

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Development of long-range and high-speed wireless LAN for the transmission of telemedicine from disaster areas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A computer network is indispensable for realizing the use of telemedicine. Recently, experiments to provide telemedicine to residents in remote places over a broadband Internet access have been reported. However, if a disaster were to occur with devastation ...

Masayuki Nakamura; Shoshin Kubota; Hideaki Takagi; Kiyoshi Einaga; Masashi Yokoyama; Katsuto Mochizuki; Masaomi Takizawa; Sumio Murase

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

NEXT GENERATION SURFACTANTS FOR IMPROVED CHEMICAL FLOODING TECHNOLOGY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NEXT GENERATION SURFACTANTS NEXT GENERATION SURFACTANTS FOR IMPROVED CHEMICAL FLOODING TECHNOLOGY FINAL REPORT June 1, 2010 - May 31, 2012 Laura L Wesson, Prapas Lohateeraparp, Jeffrey H. Harwell, and Bor-Jier Shiau October 2012 DE-FE0003537 University of Oklahoma Norman, OK 73019-0430 ii DISCLAIMER This report is prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name,

359

Next Generation Surfactants for Improved Chemical Flooding Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The principle objective of this project was to characterize and test current and next generation high performance surfactants for improved chemical flooding technology, focused on reservoirs in the Pennsylvanian-aged (Penn) sands. In order to meet this objective the characteristic curvatures (Cc) of twenty-eight anionic surfactants selected for evaluation for use in chemical flooding formulations were determined. The Cc values ranged from -6.90 to 2.55 with the majority having negative values. Crude oil samples from nine Penn sand reservoirs were analyzed for several properties pertinent to surfactant formulation for EOR application. These properties included equivalent alkane carbon numbers, total acid numbers, and viscosity. The brine samples from these same reservoirs were analyzed for several cations and for total dissolved solids. Surfactant formulations were successfully developed for eight reservoirs by the end of the project period. These formulations were comprised of a tertiary mixture of anionic surfactants. The identities of these surfactants are considered proprietary, but suffice to say the surfactants in each mixture were comprised of varying chemical structures. In addition to the successful development of surfactant formulations for EOR, there were also two successful single-well field tests conducted. There are many aspects that must be considered in the development and implementation of effective surfactant formulations. Taking into account these other aspects, there were four additional studies conducted during this project. These studies focused on the effect of the stability of surfactant formulations in the presence of polymers with an associated examination of polymer rheology, the effect of the presence of iron complexes in the brine on surfactant stability, the potential use of sacrificial agents in order to minimize the loss of surfactant to adsorption, and the effect of electrolytes on surfactant adsorption. In these last four studies the effects of such things as temperature, electrolyte concentration and the effect of different types of electrolytes were taken into consideration.

Laura Wesson; Prapas Lohateeraparp; Jeffrey Harwell; Bor-Jier Shiau

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

360

Scale-up of miscible flood processes. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

Results of a wide-ranging investigation of the scaling of the physical mechanisms of miscible floods are reported. Advanced techniques for analysis of crude oils are considered in Chapter 2. Application of supercritical fluid chromatography is demonstrated for characterization of crude oils for equation-of-state calculations of phase equilibrium. Results of measurements of crude oil and phase compositions by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry are also reported. The theory of development of miscibility is considered in detail in Chapter 3. The theory is extended to four components, and sample solutions for a variety of gas injection systems are presented. The analytical theory shows that miscibility can develop even though standard tie-line extension criteria developed for ternary systems are not satisfied. In addition, the theory includes the first analytical solutions for condensing/vaporizing gas drives. In Chapter 4, methods for simulation of viscous fingering are considered. The scaling of the growth of transition zones in linear viscous fingering is considered. In addition, extension of the models developed previously to three dimensions is described, as is the inclusion of effects of equilibrium phase behavior. In Chapter 5, the combined effects of capillary and gravity-driven crossflow are considered. The experimental results presented show that very high recovery can be achieved by gravity segregation when interfacial tensions are moderately low. We argue that such crossflow mechanisms are important in multicontact miscible floods in heterogeneous reservoirs. In addition, results of flow visualization experiments are presented that illustrate the interplay of crossflow driven by gravity with that driven by viscous forces.

Orr, F.M. Jr.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood disaster protection" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Subcooling Effects for Flooding Experiments with Steam and Water in a Large Diameter Vertical Tube  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A counter current annular flow experiment was performed to determine flooding conditions for varying degrees of subcooling using steam and water. The findings can be used in reactor safety codes to provide an improved model of flooding during accident analysis. The test section is a stainless steel tube which is approximately a 5/16 scale version of a pressurized water reactor (PWR) surge line. The water flows in an annular film down the inside of the tube and steam flows upward through the annulus. Flooding is the point at which the water film reverses direction and begins to travel upward. Flooding tests were conducted at atmospheric pressure for water flow rates between 3.5 gallons per minute (GPM) and 11 GPM and water inlet temperatures between 35 degrees C and 97 degrees C. The data obtained at high water subcooling indicate a significant departure from accepted flooding correlations developed for air-water systems which is expected because vapor condensation alters the steam inlet flow rate needed to induce flooding. The data more closely follow air-water data at low subcooling. Such data has not been seen in the literature for steam-water flooding experiments in a large diameter vertical tube and will serve as an important benchmark.

Cullum, Wes

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Development of cost-effective surfactant flooding technology. Quarterly report, April 1995--June 1995  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this research is to develop cost-effective surfactant flooding technology by using surfactant simulation studies to evaluate and optimize alternative design strategies taking into account reservoir characteristics, process chemistry, and process design options such as horizontal wells. Task 1 is the development of an improved numerical method for our simulator that will enable us to solve a wider class of these difficult simulation problems, accurately and affordably. Task 2 is the application of this simulator to the optimization of surfactant flooding to reduce its risk and cost. The objective of Task 2 is to investigate and evaluate, through a systematic simulation study, surfactant flooding processes that are cost-effective. We previously have reported on low tension polymer flooding as an alternative to classical surfactant/polymer flooding. In this reporting period, we have studied the potential of improving the efficiency of surfactant/polymer flooding by coinjecting an alkali agent such as sodium carbonate under realistic reservoir conditions and process behavior. The alkaline/surfactant/polymer (ASP) flood attempts to take advantage of high pH fluids to reduce the amount of surfactant needed by the chemical reactions between injection fluid and formation fluid or formation rocks.

Pope, G.A.; Sepehrnoori, K.; Jessen, F.W.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

363

Design-Basis Flood Estimation for Site Characterization at Nuclear Power Plants in the United States of America  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to describe approaches and methods for estimation of the design-basis flood at nuclear power plant sites. Chapter 1 defines the design-basis flood and lists the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) regulations that require estimation of the design-basis flood. For comparison, the design-basis flood estimation methods used by other Federal agencies are also described. A brief discussion of the recommendations of the International Atomic Energy Agency for estimation of the design-basis floods in its member States is also included.

Prasad, Rajiv; Hibler, Lyle F.; Coleman, Andre M.; Ward, Duane L.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Evaluation of target oil in 50 major reservoirs in the Texas Gulf Coast for enhanced oil recovery. [Steam injection, in-situ combustion, CO/sub 2/ flood, surfactant flood, and polymer flood  

SciTech Connect

This investigation determines the target oil available for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) from 50 major oil reservoirs in the Texas Gulf Coast. A preliminary screening process was used to determine which of five EOR methods, if any, were suitable for each of these reservoirs. Target oil in the 50 reservoirs is estimated to be 4.4 billion barrels of oil unrecoverable under present operating conditions, with about 1.5 billion barrels susceptible to EOR processes. None of the reservoirs have an outstanding potential for thermal recovery; however, seven reservoirs have carbon dioxide miscible flood potential, seven haven surfactant flood potential, and nine have polymer flood potential. None of the five methods was considered suitable for the remaining 27 reservoirs.

Hicks, J.N.; Foster, R.S.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Hospital Triage in the First 24 Hours after a Nuclear or Radiological Disaster  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hospital Triage in the First 24 Hours after a Nuclear or Radiological Disaster Hospital Triage in the First 24 Hours after a Nuclear or Radiological Disaster Berger, ME; Leonard, RB; Ricks, RC; Wiley, AL; Lowry, PC; Flynn, DF Abstract: This article addresses the problems emergency physicians would face in the event of a nuclear or radiological catastrophe. It presents information about what needs to be done so that useful information will be gathered and reasonable decisions made in the all important triage period. A brief introductory explanation of radiation injury is followed by practical guides for managing the focused history, physical exam, laboratory tests, initial treatment, and disposition of victims of acute radiation syndrome and combined injury. The guides are not intended to serve as a hospital's "emergency

366

High Availability Cluster System for Local Disaster Recovery with Markov Modeling Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The need for high availability (HA) and disaster recovery (DR) in IT environment is more stringent than most of the other sectors of enterprises. Many businesses require the availability of business-critical applications 24 hours a day, seven days a week, and can afford no data loss in the event of a disaster. It is vital that the IT infrastructure is resilient with regard to disruption, even site failures, and that business operations can continue without significant impact. As a result, DR has gained great importance in IT. Clustering of multiple industries standard servers together to allow workload sharing and fail-over capabilities is a low cost approach. In this paper, we present the availability model through Semi-Markov Process (SMP) and also analyze the difference in downtime of the SMP model and the approximate Continuous Time Markov Chain (CTMC) model. To acquire system availability, we perform numerical analysis and SHARPE tool evaluation.

Lwin, T T

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Corium protection assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A corium protection assembly includes a perforated base grid disposed below a pressure vessel containing a nuclear reactor core and spaced vertically above a containment vessel floor to define a sump therebetween. A plurality of layers of protective blocks are disposed on the grid for protecting the containment vessel floor from the corium.

Gou, Perng-Fei (Saratoga, CA); Townsend, Harold E. (Campbell, CA); Barbanti, Giancarlo (Sirtori, IT)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

A Cognitive Radio Based Internet Access Framework for Disaster Response Network Deployment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a cognitive radio based Internet access framework for disaster response network deployment in challenged environments. The proposed architectural framework is designed to help the existent but partially damaged networks to restore their connectivity and to connect them to the global Internet. This architectural framework provides the basis to develop algorithms and protocols for the future cognitive radio network deployments in challenged environments.

Rehmani, Mubashir Husain; Khalife, Hicham; Fdida, Serge

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Counting on Solar Power for Disaster Relief: Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) Technical Assistance Fact Sheet  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

When disaster strikes, electric power is usually the first critically important service to be lost. After several years of research and development, portable electric generator sets (gensets) are now entering the marketplace. The new gensets make use of solar electric panels known as photovoltaics (PV) to produce electricity. These gensets are reliable, safe to operate, highly mobile and will supply much-needed power for emergency response teams.

NONE

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

ORISE: Human Subjects Protection Resource Protection Book  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Human Subjects Protection Resource Book Human Subjects Protection Resource Book The Human Subjects Protection Resource Book synthesizes information currently available on the protection of human subjects in research, the continuing application of such information to new areas of endeavor, and ever-changing rules, regulations, and guidance. This resource, to which the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) contributed, is for investigators, institutional review boards, research organizations, research subjects and others. The book contains chapters that provide background information on the history and development of federal regulations; chapters that discuss procedural and substantive issues regarding the review and conduct of human subjects research; and chapters that are specific to one type of research

371

Los Alamos Lab: Radiation Protection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advisor Paul Hoover Special Assistant and Issues Management Coordinator Elinor Gwynn Radiation Protection Radiation Protection The Radiation Protection Division supports the...

372

Fire Protection Program Manual  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This manual documents the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Fire Protection Program. Department of Energy (DOE) Orders 420.1B, Facility Safety, requires LLNL to have a comprehensive and effective fire protection program that protects LLNL personnel and property, the public and the environment. The manual provides LLNL and its facilities with general information and guidance for meeting DOE 420.1B requirements. The recommended readers for this manual are: fire protection officers, fire protection engineers, fire fighters, facility managers, directorage assurance managers, facility coordinators, and ES and H team members.

Sharry, J A

2012-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

373

The Hospital’s role within a regional disaster response: A Comparison study of an urban hospital versus a rural hospital.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The goal of this research is to evaluate the hospital's role in a regional disaster response. It focuses on identifying the level of the hospital's… (more)

Alshehri, Ali

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Mesoscale Processes Contributing to Extreme Rainfall in a Midlatitude Warm-Season Flash Flood  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations and numerical simulations are used to investigate the atmospheric processes that led to extreme rainfall and resultant destructive flash flooding in eastern Missouri on 6–7 May 2000. In this event, a quasi-stationary mesoscale ...

Russ S. Schumacher; Richard H. Johnson

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

After the flood : crisis, voice and innovation in Maputo's solid waste management sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores responses to the problem of solid waste management (SWM) in two neighborhoods of Maputo, Mozambique in the wake of catastrophic flooding in 2000. In these neighborhoods, small-scale service providers ...

Kruks-Wisner, Gabrielle (Gabrielle K.)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Anomalous North Pacific Atmospheric Circulation and Large Winter Floods in the Southwestern United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Specific anomalous atmospheric circulation conditions over the North Pacific are conducive to the occurrence of the largest winter floods (?10-yr return period) on rivers in six hydroclimatic subregions of Arizona and southern Utah, Nevada, and ...

Lisa L. Ely; Yehouda Enzel; Daniel R. Cayan

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Sensitivities of a Flash Flood Event over Catalonia: A Numerical Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 9 and 10 June 2000, the northeastern part of the Iberian Peninsula was affected by heavy rains that produced severe floods over densely populated areas. The zones most affected were the provinces of Tarragona and Barcelona, located in the ...

A. Martín; R. Romero V; A. De Luque; S. Alonso; T. Rigo; M. C. Llasat

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Maintenance of Circulation Anomalies during the 1988 Drought and 1993 Floods over the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The large-scale circulation anomalies associated with the 1988 drought and the 1993 floods are investigated with the National Centers for Environmental Prediction Reanalysis data and a linear stationary wave model. The transient vorticity and ...

Alan Z. Liu; Mingfang Ting; Hailan Wang

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

CONUS-wide Evaluation of National Weather Service Flash Flood Guidance Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study quantifies the skill of the National Weather Service’s (NWS) Flash Flood Guidance (FFG) product. Generated by River Forecast Centers (RFCs) across the US, local NWS Weather Forecast Offices compare estimated and forecast rainfall to FFG ...

Robert A. Clark; Jonathan J. Gourley; Zachary L. Flamig; Yang Hong; Edward Clark

380

Simulating Typhoon Floods with Gauge Data and Mesoscale-Modeled Rainfall in a Mountainous Watershed  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A physically based distributed hydrological model was applied to simulate typhoon floods over a mountainous watershed in Taiwan. The meteorological forcings include the observed gauge rainfall data and the predicted rainfall data from a mesoscale ...

Ming-Hsu Li; Ming-Jen Yang; Ruitang Soong; Hsiao-Ling Huang

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood disaster protection" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Flood Risk Management Newsletter 1 March 2011 vol 4 no 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Treatment, and Public Health Workshop held in Baku, Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan has had devastating floods the US Embassy in Azerbaijan came after a workshop presented to member countries of the International

US Army Corps of Engineers

382

The 21 June 1997 Flood: Storm-Scale Simulations and Implications for Operational Forecasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 20–21 June 1997, a convective outbreak in Nebraska, Iowa, Illinois, and Wisconsin resulted in two fatalities, eight injuries, and approximately $104 million in damage. The majority of the damage ($92 million) was the result of flooding in ...

Paul J. Roebber; John Eise

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

A Simple Predictive Tool for Lower Brahmaputra River Basin Monsoon Flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Brahmaputra River of South Asia is the fourth largest river in the world in terms of annual discharge. The lower Brahmaputra River basin is susceptible to catastrophic flooding with major social, economic, and public health impacts. There is ...

Shithi Kamal-Heikman; Louis A. Derry; Jery R. Stedinger; Christopher C. Duncan

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

A Numerical Investigation of Storm Structure and Evolution during the July 1999 Las Vegas Flash Flood  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Severe flash flood storms that occurred in Las Vegas, Nevada, on 8 July 1999, were unusual for the semiarid southwest United States because of their extreme intensity and the morning occurrence of heavy convective rainfall. This event was ...

J. Li; R. A. Maddox; X. Gao; S. Sorooshian; K. Hsu

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Social and hydrological responses to extreme precipitations: An interdisciplinary strategy for post-flood investigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes and illustrates a methodology to conduct post-flood investigations based on interdisciplinary collaboration between social and physical scientists. The method, designed to explore the link between crisis behavioral response ...

Isabelle Ruin; Céline Lutoff; Brice Boudevillain; Jean-Dominique Creutin; S. Anquetin; M. Bertran Rojo; L. Boissier; L. Bonnifait; M. Borga; L. Colbeau-Justin; L. Creton-Cazanave; G. Delrieu; J. Douvinet; E. Gaume; E. Gruntfest; J.-P. Naulin; O. Payrastre; O. Vannier

386

Hazards to Electrical Distribution in Coastal Areas Subject to Flooding and High Wind  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI, Dewberry and Davis, and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) have jointly prepared this study on hazards to electrical distribution in coastal areas that experience coastal and river flooding and high wind.

2000-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

387

Extended-Range Probabilistic Forecasts of Ganges and Brahmaputra Floods in Bangladesh  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors have developed a new extended-range flood forecasting system for large river basins that uses satellite data and statistically rendered probabilistic weather and climate predictions to initialize basin-scale hydrological models. The ...

Peter J. Webster; Jun Jian; Thomas M. Hopson; Carlos D. Hoyos; Paula A. Agudelo; Hai-Ru Chang; Judith A. Curry; Robert L. Grossman; Timothy N. Palmer; A. R. Subbiah

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Sacrificial adsorbate for surfactants utilized in chemical floods of enhanced oil recovery operations  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to a sacrificial or competitive adsorbate for surfactants contained in chemical flooding emulsions for enhanced oil recovery operations. The adsorbate to be utilized in the method of the present invention is a caustic effluent from the bleach stage or the weak black liquor from the digesters and pulp washers of the kraft pulping process. This effluent or weak black liquor is injected into an oil-bearing subterranean earth formation prior to or concurrent with the chemical flood emulsion and is adsorbed on the active mineral surfaces of the formation matrix so as to effectively reduce adsorption of surfactant in the chemical flood. Alternatively, the effluent or liquor can be injected into the subterranean earth formation subsequent to a chemical flood to displace the surfactant from the mineral surfaces for the recovery thereof.

Johnson, Jr., James S. (Oak Ridge, TN); Westmoreland, Clyde G. (Rockwood, TN)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

On the Meteorological Mechanisms Driving Postfire Flash Floods: A Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes work to improve the understanding of the broad range of factors affecting the occurrence of postfire flooding, with emphasis on an event that occurred in the Alpine Shire, Victoria, Australia, in 2003. Analysis and mesoscale ...

Lee Tryhorn; Amanda Lynch; Rebecca Abramson; Kevin Parkyn

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Flash Flood Forecasting for Small Urban Watersheds in the Baltimore Metropolitan Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The utility of distributed hydrologic models in combination with high-resolution Weather Surveillance Radar-1988 Doppler (WSR-88D) rainfall estimates for flash flood forecasting in urban drainage basins is examined through model simulations of 10 ...

Julie Rose N. Javier; James A. Smith; Katherine L. Meierdiercks; Mary Lynn Baeck; Andrew J. Miller

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Climatological Analyses of Thunderstorms and Flash Floods in the Baltimore Metropolitan Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The climatology of thunderstorms and flash floods in the Baltimore, Maryland, metropolitan region is examined through analyses of cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning observations from the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) and discharge ...

Alexandros A. Ntelekos; James A. Smith; Witold F. Krajewski

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

WRF Model Simulation of Two Alberta Flooding Events and the Impact of Topography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines simulations of two flooding events in Alberta, Canada, during June 2005, made using the Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF). The model was used in a manner readily accessible to nonmeteorologists (e.g., accepting ...

Thomas K. Flesch; Gerhard W. Reuter

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

A Free-Flooding Acoustical Resonator for Measurement of Bubble Size Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An instrument for the measurement of bubble size distributions is described. The sensing element exploits the free-flooding resonator design of Medwin with modifications to overcome the limitations in the original implementation, especially those ...

David M. Farmer; Svein Vagle; A. Donald Booth

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

The April 1990 Floods over Eastern Australia: Synoptic Description and Assessment of Regional NWP Guidance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Between 17 and 22 April 1990 widespread flooding occurred throughout Queensland, New South Wales, and Victoria, with several record rainfalls recorded. This paper investigates the forcing of the rainfall, assesses the quality of the operational ...

Graham A. Mills; Ian Russell

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Sacrificial adsorbate for surfactants utilized in chemical floods of enhanced oil recovery operations  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to a sacrificial or competitive adsorbate for surfactants contained in chemical flooding emulsions for enhanced oil recovery operations. The adsorbate to be utilized in the method of the present invention is a caustic effluent from the bleach stage or the weak black liquor from the digesters and pulp washers of the kraft pulping process. This effluent or weak black liquor is injected into an oil-bearing subterranean earth formation prior to or concurrent with the chemical flood emulsion and is adsorbed on the active mineral surfaces of the formation matrix so as to effectively reduce adsorption of surfactant in the chemical flood. Alternatively, the effluent or liquor can be injected into the subterranean earth formation subsequent to a chemical flood to displace the surfactant from the mineral surfaces for the recovery thereof.

Johnson, J.S. Jr.; Westmoreland, C.G.

1980-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

396

An automated system to detect flash floods and alert at-risk communities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes an automated monitoring station designed to detect flash floods occurring in the Rio Aguan river basin, Honduras. An Atmel microcontroller polls a series of sensors in the river, logging all data for ...

Weaver, Joshua A., 1978-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Experimental development of a chemical flood and the geochemistry of novel alkalis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Surfactant-Polymer (SP) and Alkaline-Surfactant-Polymer (ASP) floods are tertiary oil recovery processes that mobilize residual oil to waterflood. These Chemical EOR processes are most valuable when… (more)

Winters, Matthew Howard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

A Geographic Primitive-Based Bayesian Framework to Predict Cyclone-Induced Flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effectiveness of managing cyclone-induced floods is highly dependent on how fast reasonably accurate predictions can be made, which is a particularly difficult task given the multitude of highly variable physical factors. Even with ...

Isuri Wijesundera; Malka N. Halgamuge; Thas Nirmalathas; Thrishantha Nanayakkara

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Extension of generalized Dykstra-Parsons technique to polymer flooding in stratified porous media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an analytical solution for oil recovery from a stratified reservoir during a polymer flood. Although the model used in the derivation does not incorporate several of the mechanisms and characteristics of a actual polymer-flooding displacement process, the analytical solution provides some interesting information concerning the effects of slug sizes, gelling, and permeability reduction. Computational costs are very small for the program.

Mahfoudhl, J. (Univ. of Pittsburgh, PA (US)); Enick, B.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Flooding Experiments with Steam and Water in a Large Diameter Vertical Tube  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experimental study on flooding with steam and water in a large diameter vertical tube was conducted. This research has been performed to provide a better prediction of flooding in a pressurized water reactor (PWR) pressurizer surge line to be used in reactor safety codes. Experiments were conducted using a 3-inch (76.2 mm) diameter tube 72 inches (1.83 m) long with subcooled water and super-heated steam at atmospheric pressure as the working fluids. Water flows down the inside walls of the tube as an annulus while the steam flows upward in the middle. The water flow rates ranged from 3.5 to 12 gallons per minute (GPM) (0.00022 to 0.00076 m^3/s) and the water inlet temperature was approximately 70 degrees C. The steam inlet temperature was approximately 110 degrees C. The size of the test section as well as the flow ranges of the working fluids was determined based on a scaling analysis of a PWR pressurizer surge line. Two distinct trends were observed in the data. It was found that for water flow rates below 6 GPM (0.00038 m3/s) the amount of steam required for flooding to occur decreases with an increasing water flow rate. For water flow rates above 6 GPM the amount of steam required for flooding to occur increases with an increasing water flow rate. In addition, axial water temperature data was collected. Axial water temperatures have not been recorded in previous flooding experiments with steam and water. A new correlation for predicting flooding with steam and water was proposed. This correlation was an improvement from previous correlations because it included the amount of steam condensation. Incorporation of steam-water mass exchange promotes a better prediction of behavior in reactor systems. This data for flooding with steam and water in a large diameter vertical tube can lead to a mechanistic model for flooding.

Williams, Susan Nicole

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood disaster protection" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Green River Formation Water Flood Demonstration Project. Annual report, April 1, 1994--March 31, 1995  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The successful water flood of the Green River Formation in the Monument Butte unit was analyzed in detail in the last yearly report. It was shown that primary recovery and the water flood in the unit were typical of oil production from an undersaturated oil reservoir close its bubble point. The reservoir performance of the smaller Travis unit was also analyzed. The Monument Butte unit is currently producing at around 300 barrels per day of oil. Two of the new wells drilled in the unit had zones pressurized by the water flood. The third well produced from pressurized as well as from zones which were unaffected by the water flood. The water flood response of the Travis unit is slow possibly due to problems of reservoir continuity. Plans for water flooding the Boundary unit were drawn. Core description and Formation Micro Imaging log of well 14a-28 provided insight about the important Lower Douglas Creek sandstone. It was determined that this sandstone was extensively fractured and detailed fracture characteristics were obtained through comprehensive interpretation of the FMI log. Reservoir modeling and simulation studies of all the three units were also continued. A larger, more detailed model of the Monument Butte unit was built in order to study the performance of the new development wells being drilled. Three alternate models developed to explain the performance of the Travis flood revealed that intersecting hydraulic fractures may have also provided paths for water channeling observed in this unit. The reservoir characterization activities identified new reservoirs in the Travis unit. Reservoir simulations helped design an injection program in Travis, unit expansion plans on the west and north sides of the Monument Butte until and to evaluate the infill drilling. The reservoir simulations are being used to examine the role of the aquifer underlying the oil bearing D2 sandstone in Boundary on water flood strategies and injection patterns.

Lomax, J.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

3-D finite element simulation of the global tectonic changes accompanying Noah’s Flood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a mechanism for the large-scale tectonic change that accompanied Noah’s Flood. It assumes that the onset of the Flood only a few thousand years ago correlates with the notable stratigraphical and paleontological discontinuity of the Precambrian-Cambrian boundary. This implies that the geological history recorded in the rocks usually classified as Paleozoic and Mesozoic unfolded in a catastrophic manner within a few months time. It also suggests that the primary energy source for the catastrophe was the gravitational potential energy of the pre-Flood ocean lithosphere relative to the base of the mantle. The geological and geophysical data suggest that subduction of the pre-Flood ocean lithosphere began around the margin of a pre-Flood supercontinent. It is proposed that the mantle’s viscosity at that time was lower than at present to permit rapid sinking of the lithosphere into the mantle and that the sinking rate was enhanced by a thermal runaway effect associated with a temperature-dependent rheology and localized shear heating near the slabs. Rapid replacement of the cold, dense pre-Flood oceanic lithosphere with hot, less dense mantle material from below resulted in significant elevation of the ocean floors relative to the continental surfaces causing a temporary rise in the world sea level by as much as 1,500 m. Huge volumes of sea water were converted to pressurized

John R. Baumgardner

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Horizontal well improves oil recovery from polymer flood--  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Horizontal drilling associated with an injection scheme appears to be highly promising for obtaining additional oil recovery. Horizontal well CR 163H, in the Chateaurenard field is discussed. It demonstrated that a thin unconsolidated sand can be successfully drilled and cased. The productivity index (PI) of the well was much greater than vertical wells, and an unproduced oil bank was successfully intersected. On the negative side, it was necessary to pump low in a very deviated part of the well, and the drilling cost was high compared to an onshore vertical well. CR 163H was the fifth and probably most difficult horizontal well drilled by Elf Aquitaine. Located within a polymer-flood project, the target was a 7-m thick sand reservoir at a vertical depth of 590:0080 m. In this inverted seven-spot configuration with one injector in the center and six producers at a distance of 400 m, a polymer solution was injected from 1977 to 1983, followed by water injection.

Bruckert, L. (Elf Aquitaine, Boussens, (FR))

1989-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

404

National Infrastructure Protection Plan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Infrastructure Infrastructure Protection Plan 2006 Preface Preface i The ability to protect the critical infrastructure and key resources (CI/KR) of the United States is vital to our national security, public health and safety, economic vitality, and way of life. U.S. policy focuses on the importance of enhancing CI/KR protection to ensure that essential governmental missions, public services, and economic functions are maintained in the event of a

405

ORISE: Protecting Human Subjects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Subjects Protecting Human Subjects The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Human Subjects Research Program exists to ensure that all research conducted at DOE institutions, whether...

406

Generator backup overcurrent protection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A concern that the characteristics and correct application of the generator backup relay are misunderstood is addressed in this report to the Power Systems Protection Committee. It is inherently a secure device, and rarely has the opportunity to operate in its intended capacity. So the question was asked, ''Do generator backup overcurrent relays really protect anything.'' In response a description of the function and operating characteristics of the backup relays, a discussion of generator fault current behavior, examples of relay settings for a typical application, and methods and criteria for determining that the relay both protects the generator and operates selectively with other protective devices are included.

Baker, D.S.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

PROTECTIVE CLOTHING STANDARDS  

SciTech Connect

Hanford Atomic Production Operation specification guides for protective clothing are presented. Details of this manual are given in TID-4100(Suppl.). (N.W.R.)

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Radiation Protection Act (Pennsylvania)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This Act combines the radiation safety provisions of The Atomic Energy Development and Radiation Control Act and the Environmental Radiation Protection Act, and empowers the Department of...

409

Surge Protection Anthology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Three annexes include unpublished contributions to working groups, US patents front pages, and ... Lightning protection of roof-mounted solar cells ...

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

410

Fire Protection Program Guidelines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Guidelines Principal Orders Related Orders Technical Standards Guidance Current fire protection requirements of the Department reside in: DOE O 420.1C, "Facility Safety", 10 CFR...

411

A number of Western employees will participate in a disaster drill on Wednesday, October 27th. The drill will simulate an emergency response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A number of Western employees will participate in a disaster drill on Wednesday, October 27th. The drill will simulate an emergency response to an earthquake, including exercises for damage assessment to the web4u. Employees may also call Human Resources at x3774. Disaster drill planned for October 27th

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

412

Environemental Health and Safety www.ehs.cornell.edu October 2010 When a large-scale disaster occurs, there response systems are place, but emergency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environemental Health and Safety ­ www.ehs.cornell.edu October 2010 When a large-scale disaster occurs, there response systems are place, but emergency responders can't be everywhere, helping everyone in your home or work, and the disasters that are most likely to occur in your community. Talk about what

Manning, Sturt

413

Record Flood-Producing Rainstorms of 17–18 July 1996 in the Chicago Metropolitan Area. Part III: Impacts and Responses to the Flash Flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A record-breaking 24-h rainstorm on 17–18 July 1996 was centered on south Chicago and its southern and western suburbs, areas with a population of 3.4 million. The resulting flash flooding in Chicago and 21 suburbs broke all-time records in the ...

Stanley A. Changnon

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Environmental Protection Implementation Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Environmental Protection Implementation Plan is intended to ensure that the environmental program objectives of Department of Energy Order 5400.1 are achieved at SNL/California. The Environmental Protection Implementation Plan serves as an aid to management and staff to implement new environmental programs in a timely manner.

Brekke, D.D.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

ORISE: Human Subjects Protection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Human Subjects Protection Human Subjects Protection The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) performs technical assessments to assist U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) laboratories involved in human subjects research projects. Under DOE Order and Policy 443.1A, Protection of Human Subjects, and 10 CFR 745, DOE employees and contractors are expected to protect the rights and welfare of human research subjects. In support of the DOE Office of Science and the Human Subjects Protection Program (HSPP), ORISE has most recently assisted with the development and distribution of tools to address classified research and to track potential human social cultural behavior systems (HSCB) research conducted by DOE laboratories. Examples of products that ORISE has developed in support of the HSPP

416

Notices ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

25 Federal Register 25 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 209 / Friday, October 28, 2011 / Notices ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9484-2] Children's Health Protection Advisory Committee (CHPAC); Notice of Charter Renewal AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Charter Renewal. Notice is hereby given that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has determined that, in accordance with the provisions of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA), 5 U.S.C. App.2. The Children's Health Protection Advisory Committee (CHPAC) is a necessary committee which is in the public interest. Accordingly, CHPAC will be renewed for an additional two- year period. The purpose of CHPAC is to provide advice and recommendations to the Administrator of EPA on issues

417

A Simulation Environment for the Dynamic Evaluation of Disaster Preparedness Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, PhD; Chris Barrett, PhD r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r D and interventions in the days following disasters. Author Affiliation: Network Dynamics and Simulation Science

Swarup, Samarth

418

Evaluation of mixed surfactants for improved chemical flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Phase behavior studies were conducted using combinations of a primary surfactant component and several ethoxylated surfactants. The objective of the study is to evaluate combinations of surfactants, anionic-nonionic and anionic-anionic mixtures, that would yield favorable phase behavior and solubilization capacity. The dependence of the solution behavior on the additive surfactant structure, surfactant type, oil, surfactant proportion, salinity, HLB, and temperature was observed. The results showed that the ethoxylated surfactants can improve the solution behavior of the overall system. The increase in optimum salinity range of these solutions corresponded to an increase in the degree of ethoxylation of additive surfactant, up to a certain limit. The nonionic surfactant additives yielded much higher salinities compared to the results from the ethoxylated anionics tested. The proportion of surfactant component in solution was critical in achieving a balance between the solubilization capacity and the enhancement in the system`s salinity tolerance. Some combinations of these types of surfactants showed improved solution behavior with favorable solubilization capacity. The phase inversion temperature (PIT) method has been shown to be a relatively fast method for screening candidate surfactant systems. Comparisons were made using both the conventional salinity scan and the PIT method on selected chemical systems. The results showed good agreement between the salinity regions determined using both methods. A difference in the dependence of optimal salinity on HLB was observed for the different nonionics tested. The linear alkyl alcohol ethoxylates exhibited a behavior distinct from the dialkyl phenols at similar HLB levels with and without the primary sulfonate component in the solution. Other experiments performed at NIPER have shown that surfactant-enhanced alkaline flooding has good potential for the recovery of oil from Naval Petroleum Reserve Number 3 (NPR No. 3).

Llave, F.M.; French, T.R.; Lorenz, P.B.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Evaluation of mixed surfactants for improved chemical flooding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Phase behavior studies were conducted using combinations of a primary surfactant component and several ethoxylated surfactants. The objective of the study is to evaluate combinations of surfactants, anionic-nonionic and anionic-anionic mixtures, that would yield favorable phase behavior and solubilization capacity. The dependence of the solution behavior on the additive surfactant structure, surfactant type, oil, surfactant proportion, salinity, HLB, and temperature was observed. The results showed that the ethoxylated surfactants can improve the solution behavior of the overall system. The increase in optimum salinity range of these solutions corresponded to an increase in the degree of ethoxylation of additive surfactant, up to a certain limit. The nonionic surfactant additives yielded much higher salinities compared to the results from the ethoxylated anionics tested. The proportion of surfactant component in solution was critical in achieving a balance between the solubilization capacity and the enhancement in the system's salinity tolerance. Some combinations of these types of surfactants showed improved solution behavior with favorable solubilization capacity. The phase inversion temperature (PIT) method has been shown to be a relatively fast method for screening candidate surfactant systems. Comparisons were made using both the conventional salinity scan and the PIT method on selected chemical systems. The results showed good agreement between the salinity regions determined using both methods. A difference in the dependence of optimal salinity on HLB was observed for the different nonionics tested. The linear alkyl alcohol ethoxylates exhibited a behavior distinct from the dialkyl phenols at similar HLB levels with and without the primary sulfonate component in the solution. Other experiments performed at NIPER have shown that surfactant-enhanced alkaline flooding has good potential for the recovery of oil from Naval Petroleum Reserve Number 3 (NPR No. 3).

Llave, F.M.; French, T.R.; Lorenz, P.B.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Two-Phase Hydraulics State Identification using linear and non-linear time series analysis: Distillation Column Flooding Sensor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A novel sensor to detect and predict hydraulic flooding in the distillation column was developed in this research. High speed (1000 Hz) differential pressure data… (more)

Patel, Alok Maheshbhai

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood disaster protection" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Investigation of Containment Flooding Strategy for Mark-III Nuclear Power Plant with MAAP4  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Containment flooding is an important strategy for severe accident management of a conventional boiling water reactor (BWR) system. The purpose of this work is to investigate the containment flooding strategy of the Mark-III system after a reactor pressure vessel (RPV) breach. The Kuosheng Power Plant is a typical BWR-6 nuclear power plant (NPP) with Mark-III containment. The Severe Accident Management Guideline (SAMG) of the Kuosheng NPP has been developed based on the BWR Owners Group (BWROG) Emergency Procedure and Severe Accident Guidelines, Rev. 2. Therefore, the Kuosheng NPP is selected as the plant for study, and the MAAP4 code is chosen as the tool for analysis. A postulated specific station blackout sequence for the Kuosheng NPP is cited as a reference case for this analysis. Because of the design features of Mark-III containment, the debris in the reactor cavity may not be submerged after an RPV breach when one follows the containment flooding strategy as suggested in the BWROG generic guideline, and the containment integrity could be challenged eventually. A more specific containment flooding strategy with drywell venting after an RPV breach is investigated, and a more stable plant condition is achieved with this strategy. Accordingly, the containment flooding strategy after an RPV breach will be modified for the Kuosheng SAMG, and these results are applicable to typical Mark-III plants with drywell vent path.

Su Weinian; Wang, S.-J.; Chiang, S.-C

2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

422

Riparian forest disturbances by a mountain flood -- the influence of floated wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large floods can have major impacts on riparian forests. Here we examine the variability and spatial distribution of riparian forest responses along eight third- to fifth-order streams following a large flood ( 100 year recurrence interval) in the Cascade Mountain Range of Oregon. We categorized disturbance intensity (physical force) exerted on riparian trees during floods into three classes: (i) purely fluvial (high water flow only); (ii) ¯uvial supplemented by dispersed pieces of floating wood (uncongested wood transport); (iii) fluvial with movement of batches of wood (congested wood transport). These types of material transport and associated classes of disturbance intensity resulted in a gradient of biotic responses of disturbance severity ranging from standing riparian trees inundated by high water, to trees toppled but still partially rooted, to complete removal of trees. High within-stream and among stream responses were inflenced by pre-flood stream and riparian conditions as well as flood dynamics, especially the availability of individual pieces or congested batches of wood. Fluvial disturbance alone toppled fewer riparian trees than in reaches where floodwaters transported substantial amounts of wood. Debris flows delivered additional wood and sediment to parts of reaches of four of these study streams; riparian trees were removed and toppled for up to 1 5 km downstream of the debris flow tributary channel. Congested wood transport resulted in higher frequency of toppled trees and greater deposition of new wood levees along channel margins. The condition of the landscape at the time of a major ¯ood strongly influenced

Sherri L. Johnson; Frederick J. Swanson; Gordon E. Grant; Steven M. Wondzell

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Observation, prediction, and analysis of a laboratory two-well chemical flood  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The simple scaling approach used here describes chemical flood performance in a novel unconfined laboratory flood monitored by a microwave saturation scanner. An unconfined two-well geometry was chosen for study because it provided a severe test of the simple streamtube flow description employed. Ten curvilinear unit mobility streamtubes were employed to describe flow in the laboratory experiment. Predictions of 2-propanol saturations measured during miscible injections in the two-well model were compared to observations to check the validity of the streamtube net. Expected effects of the two-well geometry on oil recovery from the laboratory model are discussed in light of the large variation in size of the individual streamtubes in the flow description. Oil saturation profiles were measured during a linear chemical flood involving injection of a small surfactant slug followed by a small polymer slug and continuous drive brine. These S /SUB o/ profiles were then scaled along the unit mobility streamtube net. Oil saturation contours, endpoint conditions, oil breakthrough time, and oil production history predictions were made. Comparison of these predictions to the observed performance of the eight day chemical flood carried out in the large two-well model indicate that the scaling concept can be used to model this type of flood. The fixed streamtube description served as a useful first approximation for the unconfined pattern geometry even in the presence of observable crossflow between streamtubes.

Haskin, H.K.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

1D simulation of polymer flooding including the viscoelastic effect of polymer solution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports that simple simulation models are constructed to predict the performance of 1D polymer flooding. In the models, two phases of oil and polymer solution were assumed to be immiscible with each other. Because the displacing fluid was non-Newtonian, the Buckley-Leverett equation could be modified and a new approach developed to calculate fractional-flow curves. The rheological behavior of polymer solution was modeled with an Ellis type model and a viscoelastic model. To verify the models, two 1D flooding experiments were carried out on 2.8-cm-diameter, 47-cm-long, unconsolidated cores packed with glass beads (70/100 mesh). Porosities of the cores are about 37% and permeabilities are around 26{mu}m{sup 2}. Two white mineral oils of viscosities 25 and 60 mPa {center dot} s and a 200-ppm polyacrylamide solution were used. In each experiment, polymer flooding was done after waterflooding. Initial water saturation was controlled to be almost the same at the start of each flood. The calculated polymer-flooding performances were compared with experimental data. On the other hand, the viscoelastic model predicted fractional-flow curves, oil recovery performances, and breakthrough times of the experiments very well. The viscoelastic effect of polymer solution is thought to play an important role in the improvement of oil recovery.

Masuda, Y.; Tang, K.C.; Miyazawa, M.; Tanaka, S. (Univ. of Tokyo (JP))

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Single well surfactant test to evaluate surfactant floods using multi tracer method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Data useful for evaluating the effectiveness of or designing an enhanced recovery process said process involving mobilizing and moving hydrocarbons through a hydrocarbon bearing subterranean formation from an injection well to a production well by injecting a mobilizing fluid into the injection well, comprising (a) determining hydrocarbon saturation in a volume in the formation near a well bore penetrating formation, (b) injecting sufficient mobilizing fluid to mobilize and move hydrocarbons from a volume in the formation near the well bore, and (c) determining the hydrocarbon saturation in a volume including at least a part of the volume of (b) by an improved single well surfactant method comprising injecting 2 or more slugs of water containing the primary tracer separated by water slugs containing no primary tracer. Alternatively, the plurality of ester tracers can be injected in a single slug said tracers penetrating varying distances into the formation wherein the esters have different partition coefficients and essentially equal reaction times. The single well tracer method employed is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 3,623,842. This method designated the single well surfactant test (SWST) is useful for evaluating the effect of surfactant floods, polymer floods, carbon dioxide floods, micellar floods, caustic floods and the like in subterranean formations in much less time and at much reduced cost compared to conventional multiwell pilot tests.

Sheely, Clyde Q. (Ponca City, OK)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Office of River Protection (ORP) and Washingotn River Protection Solutions,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of River Protection (ORP) and Washingotn River Protection Office of River Protection (ORP) and Washingotn River Protection Solutions, LLC (WRPS) Partnering Agreement for the DOE-EM Tank Operations Project Office of River Protection (ORP) and Washingotn River Protection Solutions, LLC (WRPS) Partnering Agreement for the DOE-EM Tank Operations Project The Mission of the Office of River Protection is to safely retrieve and treat Hanford's tank waste and close the Tank Farms to protect the Columbia River. Office of River Protection (ORP) and Washingotn River Protection Solutions, LLC (WRPS) Partnering Agreement for the DOE-EM Tank Operations Project More Documents & Publications 2011 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report - Office of River Protection Consent Order, Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC - NCO-2011-01

427

GRR/Section 14 - Water Resource Assessment | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

- Water Resource Assessment - Water Resource Assessment < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 14 - Water Resource Assessment 14 - WaterResourceAssessment.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies United States Environmental Protection Agency Bureau of Land Management US Army Corps of Engineers Federal Emergency Management Agency Regulations & Policies Clean Water Act Coastal Zone Management Act Coastal Barrier Resources Act Safe Drinking Water Act Sole Source Aquifer Demonstration Program Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 NPDES Rules National Flood Insurance Act Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 14 - WaterResourceAssessment.pdf

428

Fire Protection Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program Program Fire Protection Overview The Department of Energy (DOE) Fire Protection Program is multi-faceted. It includes published fire safety directives (Orders, standards, and guidance documents), a range of oversight activities, an annual fire protection program summary, and a directory of fire safety professionals. DOE also sponsors fire safety conferences, various training initiatives, and a spectrum of technical assistance activities. This Home Page is intended to bring together in one location as much of the Program's resources as possible to facilitate greater understanding, communication, and efficiency of operations. Guidelines -- NFPA Codes and standards, CFRs, and DOE Directives (policy statements, Orders, Standards, and Guidance Documents)

429

Coordinating overcurrent protection devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distribution, substation, and plant engineers can benefit from using an overcurrent protection program in commercial, industrial, and utility applications to aid in clearing temporary faults and isolating permanent faults. In the time it normally takes to check one coordination scheme manually, dozens of alternatives can be evaluated using a graphics-oriented program, because the engineer receives immediate feedback for quick decision-making. It is well known that accurately coordinating overcurrent protection devices can minimize or prevent equipment damage, and electrical power service to customers can be greatly improved. In addition to assisting experienced engineers, an overcurrent protection program is an excellent training tool for new engineers.

St. John, M.; Borgnino, A.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Predicting the World's Next Water Pollution Disaster http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2010/12/101221-next-water-pollution-disasters-/[1/4/2011 10:48:50 AM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/12/101221-next-water-pollution-disasters-/[1/4/2011 10:48:50 AM] Home Animals Ancient World Energy Environment issues. When an estimated 184 million gallons (697 million liters) of industrial waste spilled about this $4 trick! How to look young for less than $4. Our editors & readers rate the latest deals

Rock, Chris

431

Bird Protection in Illinois  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protection in Illinois Protection in Illinois Nature Bulletin No. 550-A January 18, 1975 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation BIRD PROTECTION IN ILLINOIS Very few people are indifferent about birds. Almost every bird is the feathered friend of somebody or some organization ready to do battle in its behalf. At present, in Illinois, songbirds and most other wild birds, together with their nests and eggs, are completely protected by law at all times. A few kinds, called game birds, may be shot by hunters -- pheasants and quail, also migratory ducks, geese, coots, jacksnipes, woodcocks, and doves. Such hunting must be done with shotguns in certain places in certain open seasons with many other detailed restrictions. Now, even crow hunters are licensed. The only unprotected birds are those three immigrants or exotics: the English sparrow, the European starling and the "domestic " pigeon. These, too, have their friends .

432

Potline Open Circuit Protection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It results in a high power arc, which feeds oneself as the DC current is not cut. ... To reduce the risk, the potline and the substation must be protected against the ...

433

Mondriaan memory protection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reliability and security are quickly becoming users' biggest concern due to the increasing reliance on computers in all areas of society. Hardware-enforced, fine-grained memory protection can increase the reliability and ...

Witchel, Emmett Jethro, 1970-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Resource Management Services: Land Use, Part 501: Use of Flood Control  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services: Land Use, Part 501: Use of Flood Services: Land Use, Part 501: Use of Flood Control Lands (New York) Resource Management Services: Land Use, Part 501: Use of Flood Control Lands (New York) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New York Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider

435

Tertiary application of a hydrocarbon miscible flood; Rainbow Keg River B Pool  

SciTech Connect

The Rainbow Keg River B pool EOR scheme calls for placement of a 12% (net after recycle)-original-HCPV miscible bank in the crestal region of the pool. This bank will be chased vertically downward with more than 1 PV of dry gas. The injected solvent and chase gas will push the oil/water contact (OWC) downward as the previously injected water is produced. A tertiary oil bank will be formed in the region previously occupied by the water. This paper reports tertiary flood performance, results of the 1987 reservoir simulation study, and the operational strategy and problems encountered in monitoring the flood. The well-completion technique implemented to operate the flood is described, and the scheme economics is reviewed.

Nagel, R.G.; Hunter, B.E.; Peggs, J.K.; Fong, D.K. (Husky Oil Operations Ltd., Calgary (CA)); Mazzocchi, E. (EBCO Auctioneers International Inc. (CA))

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Fish Protection Technology Manual  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides an updated review of the state of knowledge on fish protection technologies for use at power plant cooling water intake structures (CWISs) to meet requirements of §316(b) of the Clean Water Act (CWA). While it is not possible to know with certainty how the §316(b) Final Rule will look (it is scheduled to be issued on or before June 27, 2013), it is anticipated that power generating facilities will have some flexibility in selecting fish protection technologies. The ...

2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

437

Environmental protection Implementation Plan  

SciTech Connect

This ``Environmental Protection Implementation Plan'' is intended to ensure that the environmental program objectives of Department of Energy Order 5400.1 are achieved at SNL/California. This document states SNL/California's commitment to conduct its operations in an environmentally safe and responsible manner. The ``Environmental Protection Implementation Plan'' helps management and staff comply with applicable environmental responsibilities.

R. C. Holland

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Dr. Therese P. McAllister  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... She has conducted detailed studies of the WTC disaster, Hurricane Katrina flooding in New Orleans, and Hurricane Sandy flood effects on critical ...

2013-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

439

Eliciting Local Spatial Knowledge for Community-Based Disaster Risk Management: Working with Cybertracker in Georgian Caucasus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CyberTracker CT participatory field data collection software is used as an element of Participatory GIS for acquiring, geo-referencing, storing and transferring local spatial knowledge. It has been developed initially for animal tracking, ecological ... Keywords: Community Surveys, Disaster Risk, Georgia, Local Knowledge, Participatory GIS Geo-Information Systems, Software Application, Vulnerability

Valentina Spanu, Michael Keith McCall

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

An autonomous wireless sensor network deployment system using mobile robots for human existence detection in case of disasters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel approach of using autonomous mobile robots to deploy a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) for human existence detection in case of disasters. During WSN deployment, mobile robots perform cooperative Simultaneous Localization and ... Keywords: Cooperative Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM), Human existence detection, Map merging, Sensor node deployment strategies, Wireless sensor networks

Gurkan Tuna, V. Cagri Gungor, Kayhan Gulez

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood disaster protection" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Microbially derived crop protection products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Project: Microbially derived crop protection productstransferred into major crop plants. Following greenhouseMicrobial Diversity-Based Novel Crop Protection Products " A

Torok, Tamas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Post-Construction Modifications to Fire Protection and Life ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Disaster: The Con Ed Substation in World ... to provide the tenant's consultant engineer with WTC ... of the architectural and engineering reviews was to ...

443

Green River formation water flood demonstration project, Unita Basin, Utah. Quarterly technical progress report, January 1, 1995--March 31, 1995  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project was to understand the successful water flood in the Monument Butte unit and apply it to other units and other reservoirs. Expanding the Monument Butte Water Flood was also one of the objectives. This report provides progress in the areas of field drilling and production results and modeling the boundary unit.

Lomax, J.D.; Nielson, D.L.; Deo, M.D.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Limits to Flood Forecasting in the Colorado Front Range for Two Summer Convection Periods using Radar Nowcasting and a Distributed Hydrologic Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flood forecasting in mountain basins remains a challenge given the difficulty in accurately predicting rainfall and in representing hydrologic processes in complex terrain. This study identifies flood predictability patterns in mountain areas ...

Hernan A. Moreno; Enrique R. Vivoni; David J. Gochis

445

Limits to Flood Forecasting in the Colorado Front Range for Two Summer Convection Periods Using Radar Nowcasting and a Distributed Hydrologic Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flood forecasting in mountain basins remains a challenge given the difficulty in accurately predicting rainfall and in representing hydrologic processes in complex terrain. This study identifies flood predictability patterns in mountain areas ...

Hernan A. Moreno; Enrique R. Vivoni; David J. Gochis

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Self-Determining Forwarding Scheme for Defending against Query-Flooding Based DDoS Attacks in Unstructured Peer-to-Peer Systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A flooding-based search mechanism is commonly used in unstructured peer-to-peer systems, such as Gnutella. However, due to its flooding nature, this mechanism is vulnerable to… (more)

Chou, Kang-Hsien

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

In cooperation with the Vermont Agency of Natural Resources Department of Environmental Conservation SIMULATION OF THE EFFECTS OF STREAMBED-MANAGEMENT PRACTICES ON FLOOD LEVELS IN VERMONT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

resulted in rapid runoff and severe flooding in parts of Vermont. During the storm, streambed and streambank erosion

unknown authors

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Dark tourism: understanding visitor motivation at sites of death and disaster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

People are fascinated with death and disaster. One simply has to watch traffic slow to a crawl when passing a car accident to understand this. However, this fascination goes beyond the side of a highway and enters the realm of tourism. Today, numerous sites of death and disaster attract millions of visitors from all around the world: Auschwitz-Birkenau, Anne Frank's House, Graceland, Oklahoma City, Gettysburg, Vimy Ridge, the Somme, Arlington National Cemetery. The list grows each year as exhibited by the recent creation of an apartheid museum in Johannesburg, South Africa. Due to the increasing popularity of this tourism product, a small number of academics have begun studying the phenomenon. Leading the field are Lennon and Foley who labeled it Dark Tourism, Seaton who coined the term Thanatourism, and Rojek who developed the concept of Black Spots. However, despite ongoing study, there has been a paucity in understanding what actually motivates individuals to sites of dark tourism. Yet understanding motivation is imperative, particularly given the subject and sensitivity of these sites. Some are slowly decaying, and visitors play a large role in their preservation. Subsequently, without proper management, visitor influxes can further deteriorate sites or induce friction with the locals. Knowledge then, also provides administrators the necessary tools to properly manage the varying stakeholders. Although many feel an interest in death and disaster simply stems from morbidity, the range of factors involved extend from an interest in history and heritage to education to remembrance. To begin this study, a list of possible motivations was compiled. Then, to get a better comprehension of these motivations, visitors to the Holocaust Museum Houston were surveyed as a case study. As a commodified, synthetic site of death and atrocity, the museum fits the definitions of a dark tourism site as established by lead academics. Therefore, by asking visitors to the museum what motivated them to the site, the results will hopefully give some acumen into the wants and needs of certain stakeholders. Finally, this research sought to discover if motivation at the museum could shed light on motivation to other sites of dark tourism.

Yuill, Stephanie Marie

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Rack Protection Monitor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hardwired, fail-safe rack protection monitor utilizes electromechanical relays to respond to the detection by condition sensors of abnormal or alarm conditions (such as smoke, temperature, wind or water) that might adversely affect or damage equipment being protected. When the monitor is reset, the monitor is in a detection mode with first and second alarm relay coils energized. If one of the condition sensors detects an abnormal condition, the first alarm relay coil will be de-energized, but the second alarm relay coil will remain energized. This results in both a visual and an audible alarm being activated. If a second alarm condition is detected by another one of the condition sensors while the first condition sensor is still detecting the first alarm condition, both the first alarm relay coil and the second alarm relay coil will be de-energized. With both the first and second alarm relay coils de-energized, both a visual and an audible alarm will be activated. In addition, power to the protected equipment will be terminated and an alarm signal will be transmitted to an alarm central control. The monitor can be housed in a separate enclosure so as to provide an interface between a power supply for the protected equipment and the protected equipment.

Orr, Stanley G.

1998-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

450

Rack protection monitor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hardwired, fail-safe rack protection monitor utilizes electromechanical relays to respond to the detection by condition sensors of abnormal or alarm conditions (such as smoke, temperature, wind or water) that might adversely affect or damage equipment being protected. When the monitor is reset, the monitor is in a detection mode with first and second alarm relay coils energized. If one of the condition sensors detects an abnormal condition, the first alarm relay coil will be de-energized, but the second alarm relay coil will remain energized. This results in both a visual and an audible alarm being activated. If a second alarm condition is detected by another one of the condition sensors while the first condition sensor is still detecting the first alarm condition, both the first alarm relay coil and the second alarm relay coil will be de-energized. With both the first and second alarm relay coils de-energized, both a visual and an audible alarm will be activated. In addition, power to the protected equipment will be terminated and an alarm signal will be transmitted to an alarm central control. The monitor can be housed in a separate enclosure so as to provide an interface between a power supply for the protected equipment and the protected equipment.

Orr, Stanley G. (Wheaton, IL)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Disaster Resilience  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... at the wildland-urban interface and by extreme weather events. ... of national resilience and develop critical measurement science tools needed by ...

2012-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

452

Critical Foundations: Protecting America's Infrastructures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. CRITICAL FOUNDATIONS PROTECTING AMERICA'S INFRASTRUCTURES The Report of the President's Commission ...

453

River Protection.PDF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

cc: cc: DOE/IG-0506 I N S P E C T I O N R E P O R T U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL OFFICE OF INSPECTIONS I N S P E C T I O N O F SELECTED ASPECTS OF THE OFFICE OF RIVER PROTECTION PERFORMANCE-BASED INCENTIVE PROGRAM JUNE 2001 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Washington, DC 20585 June 14, 2001 MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY FROM: Gregory H. Friedman /s/ Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Report on "Inspection of Selected Aspects of the Office of River Protection Performance-Based Incentive Program" BACKGROUND The Office of River Protection (ORP), which reports to the Office of Environmental Management, is responsible for remediation of the radioactive waste stored in tanks at the Hanford Site in the State of Washington. For Fiscal Year (FY) 2000, ORP established 26 performance-based contract

454

Notices ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

076 Federal Register 076 Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 250 / Monday, December 31, 2012 / Notices ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [ER-FRL-9006-8] Notice of Intent: Designation of an Expanded Ocean Dredged Material Disposal Site (ODMDS) off Charleston, South Carolina AGENCY: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 4. ACTION: Notice of Intent to prepare an Environmental Assessment (EA) for the designation of an expanded ODMDS off Charleston, South Carolina. Purpose: EPA has the authority to designate ODMDSs under Section 102 of the Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act of 1972 (33 U.S.C. 1401 et seq.). It is EPA's policy to prepare a National Environmental Policy Document for all ODMDS designations (63 FR 58045, October 1998). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, TO

455

Notices ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

22 Federal Register 22 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 103 / Friday, May 28, 2010 / Notices ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9156-1] Office of Research and Development; Ambient Air Monitoring Reference and Equivalent Methods: Designation of One New Equivalent Method AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency. ACTION: Notice of the designation of one new equivalent method for monitoring ambient air quality. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has designated, in accordance with 40 CFR Part 53, one new equivalent method for measuring concentrations of lead (Pb) in total suspended particulate matter (TSP) in the ambient air. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Surender Kaushik, Human Exposure and Atmospheric Sciences Division (MD-D205-03), National Exposure

456

Microscope collision protection apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microscope collision protection apparatus for a remote control microscope which protects the optical and associated components from damage in the event of an uncontrolled collision with a specimen, regardless of the specimen size or shape. In a preferred embodiment, the apparatus includes a counterbalanced slide for mounting the microscope's optical components. This slide replaces the rigid mounts on conventional upright microscopes with a precision ball bearing slide. As the specimen contacts an optical component, the contacting force will move the slide and the optical components mounted thereon. This movement will protect the optical and associated components from damage as the movement causes a limit switch to be actuated, thereby stopping all motors responsible for the collision.

DeNure, Charles R. (Pocatello, ID)

2001-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

457

NIST SP 800-13, Telecommunications Security Guidelines for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Processing of Materials • Ceramics • Materials Reliability' • Polymers • Metallurgy • Reactor ... Disasters such as hurricanes, floods, fire, etc., impact ...

2012-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

458

From Tragedy to Triumph - Resources for Rebuilding Green after Disaster, EERE (Fact Sheet)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Laboratory's Science & Technology facility is designed to Renewable Energy Laboratory's Science & Technology facility is designed to encompass advanced energy efficiency and "green building" concepts in systems such as lighting and HVAC. Bill Timmerman, NREL/PIX 14963 From Tragedy to Triumph-Resources for Rebuilding Green after Disaster These resources offer builders and architects information about building healthier, more comfortable, and more energy-efficient homes, businesses, and public buildings. Financial Incentives Numerous financial incentives, such as federal and state tax credits and util- ity rebates, are available to help offset the cost of a renewable energy system. Many utility companies also offer net metering for renewable energy systems that are connected to the grid. And the

459

From Tragedy to Triumph - Rebuilding Green Buildings after Disaster, EERE (Fact Sheet)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BTI-Greensburg John Deere Dealership is up and running now and being put to the BTI-Greensburg John Deere Dealership is up and running now and being put to the test. To ensure the systems operate as planned, the Estes brothers are undergoing a commissioning process where everything is examined: lighting systems, mechanical systems, materials used, plumbing, and more. This continuous evaluation is critical to keep an efficient, sustainable building running smoothly. Courtesy of BTI-Greensburg/PIX 16647 From Tragedy to Triumph-Rebuilding Green Buildings after Disaster About Green Buildings Green buildings save thousands in utility bills while making the indoor environment healthier and more com- fortable for occupants. According to the U.S. Green Building Council, green commercial and public buildings on average use up to 50% less energy, emit

460

From Tragedy to Triumph - Rebuilding with Renewable Energy after Disaster, EERE (Fact Sheet)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Science & Technology Facility at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Science & Technology Facility at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado, incorporates a number of advanced energy efficiency and green building concepts. For example, the architecture makes good use of natural light wherever possible, and an automated system dims unnecessary artificial lighting to reduce electricity use. Pat Corkery / PIX15442 From Tragedy to Triumph-Rebuilding with Renewable Energy after Disaster Renewable energy is generated from sources that are "green" and naturally replenished such as sunlight, wind, and geothermal heat. This energy can power, heat, and cool buildings, and can replace traditional sources of fuel (e.g., coal and natural gas) used by utilities. Most utilities are using wind power, but

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood disaster protection" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

The Johnstown Flood of July 1977: A Long-Lived Convective System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The heavy rains responsible for the disastrous flash floods new Johnstown, Pennsylvania, on the night of 19–20 July 1977 are shown to be part of a large quasi-circular mesoscale convective complex. This complex can be traced back to an origin in ...

Lance F. Bosart; Frederick Sanders

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Snowmelt-Related Flood Risk in Appalachia: First Estimates from a Historical Snow Climatology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A first attempt has been made toward quantifying the risk of snowmelt-related flooding in the central and southern Appalachian Mountains of the United States (from 35° to 42°N). In the last decade, two major events occurred within the region, ...

Daniel Y. Graybeal; Daniel J. Leathers

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Using hydrodynamic modeling for estimating flooding and water depths in grand bay, alabama  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a methodology for using hydrodynamic modeling to estimate inundation areas and water depths during a hurricane event. The Environmental Fluid Dynamic Code (EFDC) is used in this research. EFDC is one of the most commonly applied models ... Keywords: EFDC, flooding, grand bay, grid generation, hydrodynamics, inundation, modeling

Vladimir J. Alarcon; William H. McAnally

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Flood Risk Management Newsletter 1 June 2010 vol 3 no 4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, organization, key personnel, and some ongoing programs and activities Table of Contents Periodic Inspections of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), other Federal agencies, state organizations, and regional overseen by an executive group drawn from the HQ USACE Directorate of Civil Works. This Flood Risk

US Army Corps of Engineers

465

The 2010 Pakistan Flood and Russian Heat Wave: Teleconnection of Hydrometeorological Extremes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, preliminary results are presented showing that the two record-setting extreme events during 2010 summer (i.e., the Russian heat wave–wildfires and Pakistan flood) were physically connected. It is found that the Russian heat wave was ...

William K. M. Lau; Kyu-Myong Kim

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Time-critical Underwater Sensor Diffusion with No Proactive Exchanges and Negligible Reactive Floods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time-critical Underwater Sensor Diffusion with No Proactive Exchanges and Negligible Reactive multi-hop ad hoc routing in a scalable Underwater Sensor Network (UWSN), which is a novel network in the challenging new underwater environment. Unlike the terrestrial scenarios, on-demand flooding cannot be both

Park, Joon-Sang

467

Use of amine oxide surfactants for chemical flooding EOR (enhanced oil recovery)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of amine oxides with and without alcohols as cosolvents, and in combination with other surfactants as mixed micellar formulations for enhanced oil recovery by surfactant flooding was investigated. Amine oxides are a salt-tolerant class of surfactants that produce low interfacial tension and can develop viscosity without the addition of polymers. These salt-tolerant formulations generate three-phase regions with hydrocarbons over a broad salinity range, develop moderate solubilization, and produce low interfacial tensions, however oil recovery from amine oxide-alcohol phase behavior optimized formulations was directly dependent upon the quantity of surfactant injected. The large pore volume and high concentration of surfactant required prohibits their economic use as the primary surfactant in chemical flooding EOR. Dimethylalkylamine oxides are useful as cosurfactants and viscosifiers in formulations with other surfactants for chemical flooding EOR but the use of ethoxylated and propoxylated amine oxides should be avoided due to the decomposition of these amine oxides under reservoir conditions. Phase behavior, phase inversion temperatures, and viscosity scans have been correlated with surfactant structures to provide a guide for amine oxide applications in chemical flooding. 36 refs., 5 figs., 6 tabs.

Olsen, D.K.

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Operational Responsibilities of the National Weather Service River and Flood Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The River and Flood Program in the National Weather Service, in its mission to save lives and property, has the responsibility to gather hydrologic data from a variety of sources and to assemble the data to make timely and reliable hydrologic ...

L.W. Larson; R.L. Ferral; E.T. Strem; A.J. Morin; B. Armstrong; T.R. Carroll; M.D. Hudlow; L.A. Wenzel; G.L. Schaefer; D.E. Johnson

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Extraordinary Flood Response of a Small Urban Watershed to Short-Duration Convective Rainfall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 9.1 km2 Moores Run watershed in Baltimore, Maryland, experiences floods with unit discharge peaks exceeding 1 m3 s?1 km?2 12 times yr?1, on average. Few, if any, drainage basins in the continental United States have a higher frequency. A ...

James A. Smith; Andrew J. Miller; Mary Lynn Baeck; Peter A. Nelson; Gary T. Fisher; Katherine L. Meierdiercks

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

The Vaison-La-Romaine Flash Flood: Mesoscale Analysis and Predictability Issues  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On the morning and early afternoon of 22 September 1992, a flash flood (220 mm of rain in 3 h) occurred in the city of Vaison-La-Romaine, located in southeastern France, causing numerous casualties and considerable property damage. It was ...

Stéphane Sénési; Philippe Bougeault; Jean-Luc Chèze; Philippe Cosentino; Rose-May Thepenier

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

A Study of Heavy Rainfall Events during the Great Midwest Flood of 1993  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A synoptic–dynamic climatology was constructed using all 24-h 2-in. (50.8 mm) or greater rainfall events in nine states affected by heavy rains and flooding from June through September 1993 using 6- or 12-h gridded analyses from the Regional Data ...

Norman W. Junker; Russell S. Schneider; Stephanie L. Fauver

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

An update of the polymer-augmented alkaline flood at the Isenhour unit, Sublette County, Wyoming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An Almy sand polymer-augmented alkaline flood at the Isenhour Unit, Sublette County, WY, is reviewed. This paper updates process technology, including the use of clay stabilization, sweep improvement, soda ash alkaline agent (to reduce interfacial tension (IFT) and mobilize residual oil), and anionic-polymer-blend mobility buffer. Oil production has been increasing at 20%/yr since the process start.

Doll, T.E.

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

The effects of gravity on micellar-polymer flooding under North Sea conditions; A simulation study  

SciTech Connect

A three-dimensional, multiphase, compositional simulator has been used to investigate micellar-polymer flooding in heterogeneous reservoirs that exhibit large gravitational effects. A North Sea operator provided reservoir data incorporating the various conditions that cause gravity to become an important factor in flood design: large well spacing, large permeabilities, and light, low-viscosity oil. A series of sensitivity studies were conducted by varying the base case reservoir data to enhance the effects of gravity relative to the viscous driving force. In addition, the effects of mobility control were also examined through the addition/exclusion of polymer in the chemical slug and drive fluid. In all of the sensitivity studies conducted, it appeared that gravitational effects can be favorable in micellar-polymer flooding. Furthermore, for the reservoir description studied here, large gravity effects can mitigate the effects of poor vertical sweep caused by an unfavorable mobility ratio. This result suggests the possibility of designing a chemical flood without including polymer for sweep control.

Shook, M. (EG and G Geosciences, Idaho Falls, ID (US)); Pope, G.A.; Sepehrnoori, K. (Dept. of Petroleum Engineering, Univ. of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX (US))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Synoptic Weather Patterns Associated with the Milwaukee, Wisconsin Flash Flood of 6 August 1986  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A flash flood occurred at Milwaukee, Wisconsin on 6 August 1986 as a result of >6 in. (15.2 cm) of rain, much of it falling over a 2-h period. Several possible contributing factors to the excessive rainfall are addressed, as well as a brief ...

James B. Elsner; Walter H. Drag; Jeffrey K. Last

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Environmental Protection Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site Details Site Details EPD Home Staff List (pdf) Org Chart (pdf) Compliance / Permits Programs Other Information Land Use & Institutional Controls Mapping Site Environmental Reports Environmental Monitoring Plan (EMP) Spill Response BNL Site Index Can't View PDFs? Developing Environmental Products and Services for Brookhaven Stakeholders The Environmental Protection Division (EPD) develops and delivers environmental products and services for all Brookhaven stakeholders. We manage environmental programs such as pollution prevention, groundwater protection, and natural resource management; provide technical assistance on environmental requirements; maintain the Laboratory's IS0 14001-registered Environmental Management System; prepare environmental permit applications; conduct environmental monitoring; manage data

476

Environmental Protection Implementation Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Environmental Protection Implementation Plan is intended to ensure that the environmental program objectives of Department of Energy Order 5400.1 are achieved at SNL/California. This document states SNL/California`s commitment to conduct its operations in an environmentally safe and responsible manner. The Environmental Protection Implementation Plan helps management and staff comply with applicable environmental responsibilities. This report focuses on the following: notification of environmental occurrences; general planning and reporting; special programs and plans; environmental monitoring program; and quality assurance and data verification.

Brekke, D.D.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Environmental protection implementation plan  

SciTech Connect

This Environmental Protection Implementation Plan is intended to ensure that the environmental program objectives of Department of Energy Order 5400.1 are achieved at SNL/California. This document states SNL/California`s commitment to conduct its operations in an environmentally safe and responsible manner. The Environmental Protection Implementation Plan helps management and staff comply with applicable environmental responsibilities. SNL is committed to operating in full compliance with the letter and spirit of applicable environmental laws, regulations, and standards. Furthermore, SNL/California strives to go beyond compliance with legal requirements by making every effort practical to reduce impacts to the environment to levels as low as reasonably achievable.

Holland, R.C.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Sustainable disaster recovery of historic buildings, the case of San Francisco after Loma Prieta earthquake  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recovery from disaster is a challenging period for any community. Long-term recovery is important, especially in relation to the built heritage, but it is among the least explored phases of disaster. Identifying past problems is needed to reduce future recovery complications. This study investigates the long-term recovery of public and Non-Government Organizations (NGO) owned historic buildings after an earthquake in the light of chosen sustainability variables. It examines San Francisco after the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake as a case study and analyzes time needs, community participation, and maintenance of historic character, to identify whether historic buildings faced special issues and the variables involved. The study uses different methods. It statistically compares data for a sample of public and NGO owned buildings in San Francisco and then analyzes the dynamics of recovery for three buildings that faced delays. The study has found that historic buildings faced delays in recovery but such delays were sometimes the results of major rehabilitation projects, thus having long-term benefits. There are many variables in the recovery process that delay historic buildings and can be addressed to reduce future delays, which are mostly results of the context, process, and players. Time needs for the recovery of buildings are affected by their function, damage level, and status. Also, the sustainability of the process needs to be addressed, mainly in terms of the way historic buildings are valued, and the degree to which such valuation allows them to be part of the heritage of the community at large.

Al-Nammari, Fatima M.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Surface Water Protection: A Watershed Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This surface water protection plan (plan) provides an overview of the management efforts implemented at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) that support a watershed approach to protect surface water. This plan fulfills a requirement in the Department of Energy (DOE) Order 450.1A to demonstrate a watershed approach for surface water protection that protects the environment and public health. This plan describes the use of a watershed approach within which the Laboratory's current surface water management and protections efforts have been structured and coordinated. With more than 800 million acres of land in the U.S. under federal management and stewardship, a unified approach across agencies provides enhanced resource protection and cost-effectiveness. The DOE adopted, along with other federal agencies, the Unified Federal Policy for a Watershed Approach to Federal Land and Resource Management (UFP) with a goal to protect water quality and aquatic ecosystems on federal lands. This policy intends to prevent and/or reduce water pollution from federal activities while fostering a cost-effective watershed approach to federal land and resource management. The UFP also intends to enhance the implementation of existing laws (e.g., the Clean Water Act [CWA] and National Environmental Policy Act [NEPA]) and regulations. In addition, this provides an opportunity for the federal government to serve as a model for water quality stewardship using a watershed approach for federal land and resource activities that potentially impact surface water and its uses. As a federal land manager, the Laboratory is responsible for a small but important part of those 800 million acres of land. Diverse land uses are required to support the Laboratory's mission and provide an appropriate work environment for its staff. The Laboratory comprises two sites: its main site in Livermore, California, and the Experimental Test Site (Site 300), near Tracy, California. The main site is largely developed yet its surface water system encompasses two arroyos, an engineered detention basin (Lake Haussmann), storm channels, and wetlands. Conversely, the more rural Site 300 includes approximately 7,000 acres of largely undeveloped land with many natural tributaries, riparian habitats, and wetland areas. These wetlands include vernal pools, perennial seeps, and emergent wetlands. The watersheds within which the Laboratory's sites lie provide local and community ecological functions and services which require protection. These functions and services include water supply, flood attenuation, groundwater recharge, water quality improvement, wildlife and aquatic habitats, erosion control, and (downstream) recreational opportunities. The Laboratory employs a watershed approach to protect these surface water systems. The intent of this approach, presented in this document, is to provide an integrated effort to eliminate or minimize any adverse environmental impacts of the Laboratory's operations and enhance the attributes of these surface water systems, as possible and when reasonable, to protect their value to the community and watershed. The Laboratory's watershed approach to surface water protection will use the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Watershed Framework and guiding principles of geographic focus, scientifically based management and partnerships1 as a foundation. While the Laboratory's unique site characteristics result in objectives and priorities that may differ from other industrial sites, these underlying guiding principles provide a structure for surface water protection to ensure the Laboratory's role in environmental stewardship and as a community partner in watershed protection. The approach includes pollution prevention, continual environmental improvement, and supporting, as possible, community objectives (e.g., protection of the San Francisco Bay watershed).

Coty, J

2009-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

480

Author manuscript, published in "9th International Conference on the Design of Cooperative Systems (COOP'2010) (2010)" Design of a Collaborative Disaster Response Process Management System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract We describe in this article a framework for disaster response process management. This framework can be used to develop information systems supporting those processes. It is grounded in several research approaches: literature research, case studies, end user interviews and workshops. We compare disaster response process management with business process management and argue why it is substantial different to it. Another main result of this comparison is that business process management technology, such as flexible workflow systems, are not suitable for disaster response processes. We propose an information system supporting disaster response processes based on our developed framework. Finally we present validation of the information system design and give outlook on our future research.

Jörn Franke; François Charoy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flood disaster protection" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Armored garment for protecting  

SciTech Connect

A lightweight, armored protective garment for protecting an arm or leg from blast superheated gases, blast overpressure shock, shrapnel, and spall from a explosive device, such as a Rocket Propelled Grenade (RPG) or a roadside Improvised Explosive Device (IED). The garment has a ballistic sleeve made of a ballistic fabric, such as an aramid fiber (e.g., KEVLAR.RTM.) cloth, that prevents thermal burns from the blast superheated gases, while providing some protection from fragments. Additionally, the garment has two or more rigid armor inserts that cover the upper and lower arm and protect against high-velocity projectiles, shrapnel and spall. The rigid inserts can be made of multiple plies of a carbon/epoxy composite laminate. The combination of 6 layers of KEVLAR.RTM. fabric and 28 plies of carbon/epoxy laminate inserts (with the inserts being sandwiched in-between the KEVLAR.RTM. layers), can meet the level IIIA fragmentation minimum V.sub.50 requirements for the US Interceptor Outer Tactical Vest.

Purvis, James W. (Albuquerque, NM); Jones, II, Jack F. (Albuquerque, NM); Whinery, Larry D. (Albuquerque, NM); Brazfield, Richard (Albuquerque, NM); Lawrie, Catherine (Tijeras, NM); Lawrie, David (Tijeras, NM); Preece, Dale S. (Watkins, CO)

2009-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

482

National Infrastructure Protection Plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this context, our critical infrastructure and key resources (CIKR) may be directly exposed to the event themselves or indirectly exposed as a result of the dependencies and interde- pendencies among CIKR. Within the CIKR protection mission area, national priorities must include preventing catastrophic loss of life

Sen, Pradeep

483

A Surface Protective System  

SciTech Connect

Part of the design and development work connected with the erection of the chemistry "cave" in the "GP" Building entailed an investigation of various protective measures for materials of construction. This work was based on the observations and recommendations of personnel engaged in work at a similar installation at Argonne National Laboratory.

Brown, W. T.

1950-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Thermal protection apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus which thermally protects sensitive components in tools used in a geothermal borehole. The apparatus comprises a Dewar within a housing. The Dewar contains heat pipes such as brass heat pipes for thermally conducting heat from heat sensitive components to a heat sink such as ice.

Bennett, Gloria A. (Los Alamos, NM); Elder, Michael G. (Los Alamos, NM); Kemme, Joseph E. (Albuquerque, NM)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Thermal protection apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure is directed to an apparatus for thermally protecting sensitive components in tools used in a geothermal borehole. The apparatus comprises a Dewar within a housing. The Dewar contains heat pipes such as brass heat pipes for thermally conducting heat from heat sensitive components such as electronics to a heat sink such as ice.

Bennett, G.A.; Elder, M.G.; Kemme, J.E.

1984-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

486

Fish passage and protection  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report consists of reprints on fish passage and protection topics from: American Fisheries Society; American Society of Civil Engineers; Harza Engineering Company; Hydro Review Magazine; Idaho National Engineering Laboratory; Independent Energy Magazine; National Hydropower Association; Northwest Hydroelectric Association; United States Army Corps of Engineers; United States Committee on large dams; and the United States Department of the Interior.

Rinehart, B.N.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Protection Against Ionizing Radiation in Extreme Radiation ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Protection Against Ionizing Radiation in Extreme Radiation-resistant Microorganisms. ... Elucidated radiation protection by intracellular halides. ...

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

After The Tsunami: Human Rights of Vulnerable Populations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Minimum Standards in Disaster Response protect victims ofand Minimum Standards in Disaster Response for humanitarianand Minimum Standards in Disaster Response for humanitarian

Fletcher, Laurel; Stover, Eric; Weinstein, Harvey

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

A Methodology to Assess the Reliability of Hydrogen-based Transportation Energy Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

incidents resulting from human error or natural disaster,on protecting assets from human error and natural disasters.natural disasters, human error, and hostile attacks. This

McCarthy, Ryan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Enhanced Oil Recovery in High Salinity High Temperature Reservoir by Chemical Flooding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studying chemical enhanced oil recovery (EOR) in a high-temperature/high-salinity (HT/HS) reservoir will help expand the application of chemical EOR to more challenging environments. Until recently, chemical EOR was not recommended at reservoirs that contain high concentrations of divalent cations without the need to recondition the reservoir by flooding it with less saline/ less hardness brines. This strategy was found ineffective in preparing the reservoir for chemical flooding. Surfactants used for chemical flooding operating in high temperatures tend to precipitate when exposed to high concentrations of divalent cations and will partition to the oil phase at high salinities. In this study amphoteric surfactant was used to replace the traditionally used anionic surfactants. Amphoteric surfactants show higher multivalent cations tolerance with better thermal stability. A modified amphoteric surfactant with lower adsorption properties was evaluated for oil recovery. Organic alkali was used to eliminate the water softening process when preparing the chemical solution and reduce potential scale problems caused by precipitation due to incompatibility between chemical slug containing alkali and formation brine. Using organic alkali helped in minimizing softening required when preparing an alkali-surfactant-polymer (ASP) solution using seawater. Solution prepared with organic alkali showed the least injectivity decline when compared to traditional alkalis (NaOH and Na2CO3) and sodium metaborate. Adding organic alkali helped further reduce IFT values when added to surfactant solution. Amphoteric surfactant was found to produce low IFT values at low concentrations and can operate at high salinity / high hardness conditions. When mixed with polymer it improved the viscosity of the surfactant-polymer (SP) solution when prepared in high salinity mixing water (6% NaCl). When prepared in seawater and tested in reservoir temperature (95°C) no reduction in viscosity was found. Unlike the anionic surfactant that causes reduction in viscosity of the SP solution at reservoir temperature. This will not require increasing the polymer concentration in the chemical slug. Unlike the case when anionic surfactant was used and more polymer need to be added to compensate the reduction in viscosity. Berea sandstone cores show lower recovery compared to dolomite cores. It was also found that Berea cores were more sensitive to polymer concentration and type and injectivity decline can be a serious issue during chemical and polymer injection. Dolomite did not show injectivity decline during chemical and polymer flooding and was not sensitive to the polymer concentration when a polymer with low molecular weight was used. CT scan was employed to study the displacement of oil during ASP, SP, polymer and surfactant flooding. The formation and propagation oil bank was observed during these core flood experiments. ASP and SP flooding showed the highest recovery, and formation and propagation of oil bank was clearer in these experiments compared to surfactant flooding. It was found that in Berea sandstone with a permeability range of 50 to 80 md that the recovery and fluid flow was through some dominating and some smaller channels. This explained the deviation from piston-like displacement, where a sharp change in saturation in part of the flood related to the dominated channels and tapered front with late arrival when oil is recovered from the smaller channels. It was concluded that the recovery in the case of sandstone was dominated by the fluid flow and chemical propagation in the porous media not by the effectiveness of the chemical slug to lower the IFT between the displacing fluid and oil.

Bataweel, Mohammed Abdullah

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Superconducting coil protection  

SciTech Connect

The protection system is based on a two-phase construction program. Phase I is the development of a reliable hardwired relay control system with a digital loop utilizing firmware and a microprocessor controller. Phase II is an expansion of the digital loop to include many heretofore unmonitored coil variables. These new monitored variables will be utilized to establish early quench detection and to formulate confirmation techniques of the quench detection mechanism. Established quench detection methods are discussed and a new approach to quench detection is presented. The new circuit is insensitive to external pulsed magnetic fields and the associated induced voltages. Reliability aspects of the coil protection system are discussed with respect to shutdowns of superconducting coil systems. Redundance and digital system methods are presented as related topics. (auth)

Woods, E.L.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Radiation protection at CERN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper gives a brief overview of the general principles of radiation protection legislation; explains radiological quantities and units, including some basic facts about radioactivity and the biological effects of radiation; and gives an overview of the classification of radiological areas at CERN, radiation fields at high-energy accelerators, and the radiation monitoring system used at CERN. A short section addresses the ALARA approach used at CERN.

Forkel-Wirth, Doris; Silari, Marco; Streit-Bianchi, Marilena; Theis, Christian; Vincke, Heinz; Vincke, Helmut

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Protective Coatings Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes assessments of ceramic and thermal spray coatings that have advanced significantly or recently been marketed for use in the utility boiler industry to reduce slagging, mitigate fireside corrosion and potentially, circumferential cracking due to cyclic temperature variations. These innovations promise to enhance coating quality as well as reduce time and labor required to protect large areas of the boiler waterwalls. Coatings may also enable plants to improve production rates; thereb...

2011-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

494

Protective Coatings Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is well known that fireside corrosion of waterwall panels in coal-fired boilers increased with the introduction of low NOx combustion systems since the early 1980s. This report describes ongoing work to evaluate protective coating solutions used to mitigate the wastage due to corrosion, and to determine which provide the greatest resistance to the circumferential cracking phenomena. It includes recent laboratory corrosion assisted thermal fatigue tests and analyses of field-exposed samples of ...

2012-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

495

Fire Protection Program: Summary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summary Summary Since May 1950, an Annual Fire Protection Program Summary has been submitted by DOE's fire protection community. Currently, this report is required by section 5a.(8) of DOE Order 231.1. "Environment, Safety and Health Reporting." In 1999, an automation initiative was undertaken to streamline data collection and provide a more through review of DOE Reporting Element activities. This action resulted in the delayed publications of the CY 1999 and 2000 reports until 2002. It is now possible however to view all Annual Summary Reporting Element responses since 1991 at the Site, Operations, Lead Program Secretarial Office and Headquarters levels. Additionally, a build-in reference to other DOE reporting activities (CAIRS and ORPS) is available that allows Reporting Elements and managers the opportunity to review all fire protection events along previously mentioned categories. Reports listed below were generated from this application. To obtain a copy of the Annual Summary Application please contact Jim Bisker in the Office of Nuclear and Facility Safety Policy (EH-53) at (301)903-6542 or Jim Bisker.

496

Network protection with service guarantees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the increasing importance of communication networks comes an increasing need to protect against network failures. Traditional network protection has been an "all-or-nothing" approach: after any failure, all network ...

Kuperman, Gregory

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Disaster recovery codes: increasing reliability with large-stripe erasure correcting codes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large-scale storage systems need to provide the right amount of redundancy in their storage scheme to protect client data. In particular, many high-performance systems require data protection that imposes minimal impact on performance; thus, such systems ... Keywords: erasure coding, storage reliability

Kevin M. Greenan; Ethan L. Miller; Thomas J. E. Schwarz; Darrell D.E. Long

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Managed Programs, Environmental Protection Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

training and supporting subject matter expertise. Environmental Information Management System: storing, managing, verifying, protecting, retrieving and archiving BNL's...

499

Risk prevention and policy formulation : responding to the 1999 mud-floods catastrophe in El Litoral Central, Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fifteen days of constant and intense rainfall in Venezuela culminated on December 16 1999, in catastrophic landslides and flooding along 25 miles of the Vargas State coastal strip. This catastrophe ravaged the Caracas ...

Parisca-Blanco, Sonia

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Two contrasting severe seasonal extremes in Tropical South America in 2012: Floods in Amazonia and Drought in Northeast Brazil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two simultaneous extreme events affected tropical South America east of the Andes during the austral summer and fall of 2012: a severe drought in Northeast Brazil and intense rainfall and floods in Amazonia, both considered records for the last 50 ...

Jose A. Marengo; Lincoln M. Alves; Wagner R. Soares; Daniel A. Rodriguez; Helio Camargo; Marco Paredes Riveros; Amelia Diaz Pabló