National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for flexible subsidy scheme

  1. SUBSIDY ENERGY EMPLOYEES TRANSIT (SEET)

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    10, 2013, for your January 2014 subsidy. You will have to make up the remaining balance with your personal funds. * Purchasing tickets from a Vendor If you purchase your...

  2. Taxpayer Subsidies for US Films with Tobacco Imagery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polansky, Jonathan; Glantz, Stanton A. Ph.D.

    2009-01-01

    Taxpayer Subsidies for US Films with Tobacco ImageryCalifornia November 10, 2009 Taxpayer Subsidies for US Filmscommercial feature films. Taxpayer Subsidies for US Films

  3. Tagging and Targeting of Energy Efficiency Subsidies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allcott, Hunt

    A corrective tax or subsidy is "well-targeted" if it primarily affects choices that are more distorted by market failures. Energy efficiency subsidies are designed to correct multiple distortions: externalities, credit ...

  4. H33B-05H33B-05 Water subsidies from mountains to deserts:Water subsidies from mountains to deserts:Water subsidies from mountains to deserts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nacional de San Luis, Universidad

    water Bare dunes, instead, experienced deep drainage & local recharge. quicktour Site A bare interduneH33B-05H33B-05 Water subsidies from mountains to deserts:Water subsidies from mountains to deserts:Water subsidies from mountains to deserts: groundwater-fed oases in a sandy landscape Water subsidies from

  5. Once perks' poster child, Spain slashes subsidies for solar energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2009-11-15

    Spanish solar subsidies peaked at $1.6 billion in 2008 from $310 million in 2007. Towards the end of 2008, the government slashed the subsidies and put a 500 MW annual limit on how much new solar installations it would take.

  6. Patent subsidy and patent filing in China By Zhen Lei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

    Patent subsidy and patent filing in China By Zhen Lei , Zhen Sun, and Brian Wright Department of patent subsidy policies on patent filings in Chi- na. China had rapid growth in patenting in recent years and became the number one in patent filings in 2011. We study five neighboring cities in Jiangsu province

  7. Housing Subsidies and Homeowners: What Role for Government-Sponsored Enterprises?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaffee, Dwight M.; Quigley, John M.

    2007-01-01

    Subsidies and the Housing GSEs. Washington: Governmentof the Subsidies to the Housing GSEs. ” Letter from DirectorCommittee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, U.S.

  8. Taxpayer Subsidies for US Films with Tobacco Imagery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polansky, Jonathan; Glantz, Stanton A. Ph.D.

    2009-01-01

    in tax credits and cash rebates on film production spending.for a tax credit or rebate. The state subsidies offer toin state tax credits or rebates, states are estimated to

  9. Just Suppose: Housing Subsidies for Low Income Renters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quigley, John M.

    2007-01-01

    and Insurance Programs: Housing. ’ ” Federal Reserve Bank ofSubsidies. ” Journal of Housing Eco- nomics 9, no. 2: 150–and Ef?ciency. Part 2 of Housing Allowances and Other Rental

  10. Analysis of Federal Subsidies: Implied Price of Carbon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D. Craig Cooper; Thomas Foulke

    2010-10-01

    For informed climate change policy, it is important for decision makers to be able to assess how the costs and benefits of federal energy subsidies are distributed and to be able to have some measure to compare them. One way to do this is to evaluate the implied price of carbon (IPC) for a federal subsidy, or set of subsidies; where the IPC is the cost of the subsidy to the U.S. Treasury divided by the emissions reductions it generated. Subsidies with lower IPC are more cost effective at reducing greenhouse gas emissions, while subsidies with a negative IPC act to increase emissions. While simple in concept, the IPC is difficult to calculate in practice. Calculation of the IPC requires knowledge of (i) the amount of energy associated with the subsidy, (ii) the amount and type of energy that would have been produced in the absence of the subsidy, and (iii) the greenhouse gas emissions associated with both the subsidized energy and the potential replacement energy. These pieces of information are not consistently available for federal subsidies, and there is considerable uncertainty in cases where the information is available. Thus, exact values for the IPC based upon fully consistent standards cannot be calculated with available data. However, it is possible to estimate a range of potential values sufficient for initial comparisons. This study has employed a range of methods to generate “first order” estimates for the IPC of a range of federal subsidies using static methods that do not account for the dynamics of supply and demand. The study demonstrates that, while the IPC value depends upon how the inquiry is framed and the IPC cannot be calculated in a “one size fits all” manner, IPC calculations can provide a valuable perspective for climate policy analysis. IPC values are most useful when calculated within the perspective of a case study, with the method and parameters of the calculation determined by the case. The IPC of different policy measures can then be quantitatively evaluated within the case. Results can be qualitatively compared across cases, so long as such comparisons are considered to be preliminary and treated with the appropriate level of caution.

  11. Compact Spreader Schemes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Placidi, M.; Jung, J. -Y.; Ratti, A.; Sun, C.

    2014-07-25

    This paper describes beam distribution schemes adopting a novel implementation based on low amplitude vertical deflections combined with horizontal ones generated by Lambertson-type septum magnets. This scheme offers substantial compactness in the longitudinal layouts of the beam lines and increased flexibility for beam delivery of multiple beam lines on a shot-to-shot basis. Fast kickers (FK) or transverse electric field RF Deflectors (RFD) provide the low amplitude deflections. Initially proposed at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) as tools for beam diagnostics and more recently adopted for multiline beam pattern schemes, RFDs offer repetition capabilities and a likely better amplitude reproducibility when compared to FKs, which, in turn, offer more modest financial involvements both in construction and operation. Both solutions represent an ideal approach for the design of compact beam distribution systems resulting in space and cost savings while preserving flexibility and beam quality.

  12. www.globalsubsidies.org THE GLOBAL SUBSIDIES INITIATIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    the reform of fossil- fuel subsidies" was also generously provided by the United Nations Environment Program receives project funding from numerous governments inside and outside Canada, United Nations agencies policy recommendations on international trade and investment, economic policy, climate change and energy

  13. Impact of an Export Subsidy on the Domestic Cotton Industry. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wohlgenant, Michael K.

    1986-01-01

    was implemented to reduce large surpluses. In 1984, the PIK program was discontinued, but participating produc ers were required to reduce their acreage base and devote a portion of the planted acreage to conservation uses (USDA,1984). Trends in market prices... large surpluses and large treasury costs anticipated with the current target price-loan rate program. The following sections examine likely effects of export subsidies for the domestic cotton industry. A MODEL OF THE IMPACT OF AN EXPORT SUBSITY...

  14. Subsidy for Energy Employee Transit (SEET) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report15 Meeting State EnergyStrategicSubsidy for Energy Employee

  15. Essays on U.S. agricultural policy : subsidies, crop insurance, and environmental auctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirwan, Barrett E., 1974-

    2005-01-01

    This thesis investigates the unintended consequences of government policy, specifically policy meant to benefit agricultural producers. The first chapter asks how agricultural subsidies affect farmland rental rates. Chapter ...

  16. California film subsidies and on-screen smoking: Resolving the policy conflict

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polansky, Jonathan R.; Glantz, Stanton A.

    2012-01-01

    Taxpayer subsidies for US films with tobacco imagery. UCSFpdf. 21 Leah Medrano, Film & TV Tax Credit Programand Housing Agency, California Film Commission: CFC approved

  17. Flexible and Transparent Memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    KIM, SUNG MIN

    2012-01-01

    Transparent and Flexible Electronics," Nat. Nanotechnol. ,Wong and A. Salleo. , "Flexible Electronics: Materials andcompletely see- through flexible electronics and change the

  18. Europe, Cutting Biofuel Subsidies, Redirects Aid to Stress Greenest Options -New York Times January 22, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Europe, Cutting Biofuel Subsidies, Redirects Aid to Stress Greenest Options - New York Times January 22, 2008 Europe, Cutting Biofuel Subsidies, Redirects Aid to Stress Greenest Options By ELISABETH for biofuels, acknowledging that the environmental benefits of these fuels have often been overstated

  19. Food Prices and Obesity: Evidence and Policy Implications for Taxes and Subsidies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brutlag, Doug

    Food Prices and Obesity: Evidence and Policy Implications for Taxes and Subsidies LISA M. POWELL and FRANK J. CHALOUPKA University of Illinois at Chicago Context: Pricing policies have been posited the use of fiscal pricing (tax or subsidy) policy instruments would, in fact, change food consumption

  20. Pulses of marine subsidies amplify reproductive potential of lizards by increasing individual growth rate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    EV-1 Pulses of marine subsidies amplify reproductive potential of lizards by increasing individual into the relationship between individual traits and population responses. Here we investigated how pulsed marine

  1. Flexible hydropower: boosting energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Flexible hydropower: boosting energy Flexible hydropower: boosting energy New hydroelectric resource for Northern New Mexico supplies clean energy to homes, businesses and the Lab....

  2. Silicon Micro-Needles with Flexible Interconnections , Y. Hanein1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Department of Zoology, University of Washington, Seattle WA 98195 Abstract - A flexible polyimide to carry elements such as amplifiers, battery or memory. The interconnecting scheme uses two polyimide base and the micro-electrodes, while the polyimide layers provide flexible insulation. The current

  3. Nuclear Subsidies in the House Climate bill (H.R. 2454) and Senate Energy bill (S. 1462)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    Nuclear Subsidies in the House Climate bill (H.R. 2454) and Senate Energy bill (S. 1462) Subsidy; · Authorizes guarantees for tax- equity and purchase power agreements that could be used for nuclear · Funds out. The nuclear industry has requested $122 billion in guarantees under Title XVII Loan Guarantees

  4. Redwood Trees, Fog Water Subsidies, and the Hydrology of Redwood Forests1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Redwood Trees, Fog Water Subsidies, and the Hydrology of Redwood Forests1 Todd Dawson,2 Stephen Burgess,3 Kevin Simonin,2 Emily Limm,2 and Anthony Ambrose2 Fog is a defining feature of the coastal California redwood forest and fog inputs via canopy drip in summer can constitute between 10 to 45 percent

  5. Subsidizing Solar: The Case for an Environmental Goods and Services Carve-out from the Global Subsidies Regime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmons, Zachary Scott

    2014-01-01

    that creates carve-outs for renewable energy subsidies. ThisConflicts in Renewable Energy Policy and International TradeThe Subsidization of Renewable Energy in the WTO: Issues and

  6. Subsidizing Solar: The Case for an Environmental Goods and Services Carve-out from the Global Subsidies Regime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmons, Zachary Scott

    2014-01-01

    2012), http://gigaom.com/cleantech/the-u-s-solar-market-is-Bernd G. Janzen, The Cleantech Subsidy Wave: A New Source of2012), http://gigaom.com/ cleantech/u-s-sets-low-initial-

  7. Transport Policy 15 (2008) 196208 How large are tax subsidies to motor-vehicle users in the US?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, James J.

    2008-01-01

    reported by oil companies continue to stir the debate about national dependence on oil and subsidies to gasoline use in ICTA; International Center for Technology Assessment, 1998).2 In Europe, over the last two

  8. Impact of demand-enhancing farm policy on the agricultural sector: a firm level simulation of ethanol production subsidies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wasson, Leta Susanne

    1990-01-01

    to a 60 cent per gallon subsidy on each gallon of ethanol blended with gasoline. Other federal incentives include the Crude Oil Windfall Profit Tax of 1980 which gave blenders of ethanol an income tax credit and extended the gasoline tax exemption... subsidies providing for all off- highway uses of diesel fuel and gasoline to be exempt from Federal Excise taxes. Also, the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation has provided insurance against production losses due to weather and other perils at subsidized...

  9. Cost-effectiveness of controlling emissions for various alternative-fuel vehicle types, with vehicle and fuel price subsidies estimated on the basis of monetary values of emission reductions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, M.Q.

    1993-12-31

    Emission-control cost-effectiveness is estimated for ten alternative-fuel vehicle (AFV) types (i.e., vehicles fueled with reformulated gasoline, M85 flexible-fuel vehicles [FFVs], M100 FFVs, dedicated M85 vehicles, dedicated M100 vehicles, E85 FFVS, dual-fuel liquefied petroleum gas vehicles, dual-fuel compressed natural gas vehicles [CNGVs], dedicated CNGVs, and electric vehicles [EVs]). Given the assumptions made, CNGVs are found to be most cost-effective in controlling emissions and E85 FFVs to be least cost-effective, with the other vehicle types falling between these two. AFV cost-effectiveness is further calculated for various cases representing changes in costs of vehicles and fuels, AFV emission reductions, and baseline gasoline vehicle emissions, among other factors. Changes in these parameters can change cost-effectiveness dramatically. However, the rank of the ten AFV types according to their cost-effectiveness remains essentially unchanged. Based on assumed dollars-per-ton emission values and estimated AFV emission reductions, the per-vehicle monetary value of emission reductions is calculated for each AFV type. Calculated emission reduction values ranged from as little as $500 to as much as $40,000 per vehicle, depending on AFV type, dollar-per-ton emission values, and baseline gasoline vehicle emissions. Among the ten vehicle types, vehicles fueled with reformulated gasoline have the lowest per-vehicle value, while EVs have the highest per-vehicle value, reflecting the magnitude of emission reductions by these vehicle types. To translate the calculated per-vehicle emission reduction values to individual AFV users, AFV fuel or vehicle price subsidies are designed to be equal to AFV emission reduction values. The subsidies designed in this way are substantial. In fact, providing the subsidies to AFVs would change most AFV types from net cost increases to net cost decreases, relative to conventional gasoline vehicles.

  10. Flexibility in ballpark design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ressler, Kyle T. (Kyle Thomas)

    2014-01-01

    This thesis documents the potential value of using flexible design to implement Major League Ballparks (MLBP). Credible evidence suggests that most ballparks were designed to fixed specifications that do not facilitate ...

  11. Electricity Rate Structures and the Economics of Solar PV: Could Mandatory Time-of-Use Rates Undermine California’s Solar Photovoltaic Subsidies?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin

    2007-01-01

    paper presented at the American Solar Energy Society 2004and the Economics of Solar PV: Could Mandatory Time-of-Rates Undermine California’s Solar Photovoltaic Subsidies?

  12. Cooling scheme for turbine hot parts

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hultgren, Kent Goran (Winter Park, FL); Owen, Brian Charles (Orlando, FL); Dowman, Steven Wayne (Orlando, FL); Nordlund, Raymond Scott (Orlando, FL); Smith, Ricky Lee (Oviedo, FL)

    2000-01-01

    A closed-loop cooling scheme for cooling stationary combustion turbine components, such as vanes, ring segments and transitions, is provided. The cooling scheme comprises: (1) an annular coolant inlet chamber, situated between the cylinder and blade ring of a turbine, for housing coolant before being distributed to the turbine components; (2) an annular coolant exhaust chamber, situated between the cylinder and the blade ring and proximate the annular coolant inlet chamber, for collecting coolant exhaust from the turbine components; (3) a coolant inlet conduit for supplying the coolant to said coolant inlet chamber; (4) a coolant exhaust conduit for directing coolant from said coolant exhaust chamber; and (5) a piping arrangement for distributing the coolant to and directing coolant exhaust from the turbine components. In preferred embodiments of the invention, the cooling scheme further comprises static seals for sealing the blade ring to the cylinder and flexible joints for attaching the blade ring to the turbine components.

  13. A Unifying Framework for Flexible Information Access in Taxonomy-based Sources1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tzitzikas, Yannis

    A Unifying Framework for Flexible Information Access in Taxonomy-based Sources1 Yannis Tzitzikas2 spyratos@lri.fr Abstract. A taxonomy-based source consists of a taxonomy and a database storing objects that are indexed in terms of the taxonomy. For this kind of sources, we describe a flexible interaction scheme

  14. Network Coding-Based Protection Scheme for Elastic Optical Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    speed transmissions achieved in fiber optical networks. Traditional optical networks consist of a fixed. Recently, optical networks are undergoing significant changes with the purpose of providing a flexible grid with protection schemes for the purpose of reducing power consumption. An additional goal for network providers

  15. A SELF SYNCHRONISED SCHEME FOR AUTOMATED COMMUNICATION IN WIRELESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, University of

    attached to sensor nodes have a limited transmission range, multi-hop communication is needed to flexiblyA SELF ­ SYNCHRONISED SCHEME FOR AUTOMATED COMMUNICATION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS #Antonio Gonzalez-Velazquez1 , Ian W Marshall2 , Lionel Sacks1 1 Department of Electronic and electric engineering

  16. The Gambit Scheme manual.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-22

    REPL is then entered after displaying a message which describes the next step of ..... (add-hook 'inferior-scheme-mode-hook (function gambit-inferior-mode)). (

  17. Flexible cryogenic conduit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brindza, Paul Daniel (Yorktown, VA); Wines, Robin Renee (Norfolk, VA); Takacs, James Joseph (Hayes, VA)

    1999-01-01

    A flexible and relatively low cost cryogenic conduit is described. The flexible cryogenic conduit of the present invention comprises a first inner corrugated tube with single braided serving, a second outer corrugated tube with single braided serving concentric with the inner corrugated tube, and arranged outwardly about the periphery of the inner corrugated tube and between the inner and outer corrugated tubes: a superinsulation layer; a one half lap layer of polyester ribbon; a one half lap layer of copper ribbon; a spirally wound refrigeration tube; a second one half lap layer of copper ribbon; a second one half lap layer of polyester ribbon; a second superinsulation layer; a third one half lap layer of polyester ribbon; and a spirally wound stretchable and compressible filament.

  18. Industrial Fuel Flexibility Workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2006-09-01

    On September 28, 2006, in Washington, DC, ITP and Booz Allen Hamilton conducted a fuel flexibility workshop with attendance from various stakeholder groups. Workshop participants included representatives from the petrochemical, refining, food and beverage, steel and metals, pulp and paper, cement and glass manufacturing industries; as well as representatives from industrial boiler manufacturers, technology providers, energy and waste service providers, the federal government and national laboratories, and developers and financiers.

  19. i-SUP 2008 Innovation for Sustainable Productioni-SUP 2008, Innovation for Sustainable Production, Brugge April 25

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of electricity or heat 6 ­ Storage of electricity or heat ­ New demand technologies (heat pumps, hybrid electric be flexible with heat storage and correct subsidy scheme for CHP · PV or Wind and Hydro 7 · PV or Wind

  20. ITP Chemicals: Industrial Feedstock Flexibility Workshop Results...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Industrial Feedstock Flexibility Workshop Results, December 2009 ITP Chemicals: Industrial Feedstock Flexibility Workshop Results, December 2009 feedstockworkshopreport.pdf More...

  1. Diversity & Flexibility Key to Sustainability | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Diversity & Flexibility Key to Sustainability Diversity & Flexibility Key to Sustainability Plenary V: Biofuels and Sustainability: Acknowledging Challenges and Confronting...

  2. Rotating flexible drag mill

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pepper, W.B.

    1984-05-09

    A rotating parachute for decelerating objects travelling through atmosphere at subsonic or supersonic deployment speeds includes a circular canopy having a plurality of circumferentially arranged flexible panels projecting radially from a solid central disk. A slot extends radially between adjacent panels to the outer periphery of the canopy. Upon deployment, the solid disk diverts air radially to rapidly inflate the panels into a position of maximum diameter. Air impinging on the panels adjacent the panel slots rotates the parachute during its descent. Centrifugal force flattens the canopy into a constant maximum diameter during terminal descent for maximum drag and deceleration.

  3. Flexible composite radiation detector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cooke, D. Wayne (Santa Fe, NM); Bennett, Bryan L. (Los Alamos, NM); Muenchausen, Ross E. (Los Alamos, NM); Wrobleski, Debra A. (Los Alamos, NM); Orler, Edward B. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2006-12-05

    A flexible composite scintillator was prepared by mixing fast, bright, dense rare-earth doped powdered oxyorthosilicate (such as LSO:Ce, LSO:Sm, and GSO:Ce) scintillator with a polymer binder. The binder is transparent to the scintillator emission. The composite is seamless and can be made large and in a wide variety of shapes. Importantly, the composite can be tailored to emit light in a spectral region that matches the optimum response of photomultipliers (about 400 nanometers) or photodiodes (about 600 nanometers), which maximizes the overall detector efficiency.

  4. Flexible hydropower: boosting energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFES OctoberEvanServices »First ObservationFast FactsEMC2Flexible

  5. Flexible ocean upwelling pipe

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Person, Abraham (Los Alamitos, CA)

    1980-01-01

    In an ocean thermal energy conversion facility, a cold water riser pipe is releasably supported at its upper end by the hull of the floating facility. The pipe is substantially vertical and has its lower end far below the hull above the ocean floor. The pipe is defined essentially entirely of a material which has a modulus of elasticity substantially less than that of steel, e.g., high density polyethylene, so that the pipe is flexible and compliant to rather than resistant to applied bending moments. The position of the lower end of the pipe relative to the hull is stabilized by a weight suspended below the lower end of the pipe on a flexible line. The pipe, apart from the weight, is positively buoyant. If support of the upper end of the pipe is released, the pipe sinks to the ocean floor, but is not damaged as the length of the line between the pipe and the weight is sufficient to allow the buoyant pipe to come to a stop within the line length after the weight contacts the ocean floor, and thereafter to float submerged above the ocean floor while moored to the ocean floor by the weight. The upper end of the pipe, while supported by the hull, communicates to a sump in the hull in which the water level is maintained below the ambient water level. The sump volume is sufficient to keep the pipe full during heaving of the hull, thereby preventing collapse of the pipe.

  6. Industrial Feedstock Flexibility Workshop Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ozokwelu, Dickson; Margolis, Nancy; Justiniano, Mauricio; Monfort, Joe; Brueske, Sabine; Sabouni, Ridah

    2009-08-01

    This report (PDF 649 KB) summarizes the results of the 2009 Industrial Feedstock Flexibility Workshop, which took place in Atlanta, GA on August 19-20, 2009.

  7. Flexible Energy | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (Opens in new window) Flexible Fuel Solutions Offer Efficient, Reliable Energy The world of power generation is evolving at lightning speed. GE is focused on staying one step...

  8. Damped flexible seal

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    DuBois, Neil J. (Cranston, RI); Amaral, Antonio M. (Barrington, RI)

    1992-10-27

    A damped flexible seal assembly for a torpedo isolates the tailcone thereof rom vibrational energy present in the drive shaft assembly. A pair of outside flanges, each of which include an inwardly facing groove and an O-ring constrained therein, provide a watertight seal against the outer non-rotating surface of the drive shaft assembly. An inside flange includes an outwardly-facing groove and an O-ring constrained therein, and provides a watertight seal against the inner surface of the tail cone. Two cast-in-place elastomeric seals provide a watertight seal between the flanges and further provide a damping barrier between the outside flanges and the inside flanges for damping vibrational energy present in the drive shaft assembly before the energy can reach the tailcone through the seal assembly.

  9. Flexible cloth seal assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bagepalli, B.S.; Taura, J.C.; Aksit, M.F.; Demiroglu, M.; Predmore, D.R.

    1999-06-29

    A seal assembly is described having a flexible cloth seal which includes a shim assemblage surrounded by a cloth assemblage. A first tubular end portion, such as a gas turbine combustor, includes a longitudinal axis and has smooth and spaced-apart first and second surface portions defining a notch there between which is wider at its top than at its bottom and which extends outward from the axis. The second surface portion is outside curved, and a first edge of the cloth seal is positioned in the bottom of the notch. A second tubular end portion, such as a first stage nozzle, is located near, spaced apart from, and coaxially aligned with, the first tubular end portion. The second tubular end portion has a smooth third surface portion which surrounds at least a portion of the first tubular end portion and which is contacted by the cloth seal. 7 figs.

  10. Flexible and Stretchable Electronics for Biointegrated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    Flexible and Stretchable Electronics for Biointegrated Devices Dae-Hyeong Kim,1 Roozbeh Ghaffari,2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 3. FLEXIBLE AND STRETCHABLE ELECTRONICS AND OPTOELECTRONICS by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved 1523-9829/12/0815-0113$20.00 Keywords electrophysiology, flexible

  11. Integration of indium phosphide based devices with flexible substrates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Wayne Huai

    2011-01-01

    Brandon, W. West, L. Zhou et al. , “Flexible electronics forspace applications,” Flexible Electronics, 219–230 (2004). [1.1 Conventional flexible electronics Flexible substrates

  12. Jet Schemes and Truncated Wedge Schemes Cornelia O. Yuen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Karen E.

    Jet Schemes and Truncated Wedge Schemes by Cornelia O. Yuen A dissertation submitted in partial of jets and arcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.2 A higher dimension analog of arcs and jets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.3 History

  13. Solid flexible electrochemical supercapacitor using Tobacco mosaic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Solid flexible electrochemical supercapacitor using Tobacco mosaic virus nanostructures and ALD ruthenium oxide Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Solid flexible...

  14. Metamaterial flexible sheets could transform optics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Metamaterial flexible sheets could transform optics Metamaterial flexible sheets could transform optics Advances would boost security screening systems, infrared thermal cameras,...

  15. Beyond Scheme F

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elliott, C.J.; Fisher, H.; Pepin, J.; Gillmann, R.

    1996-07-01

    Traffic classification techniques were evaluated using data from a 1993 investigation of the traffic flow patterns on I-20 in Georgia. First we improved the data by sifting through the data base, checking against the original video for questionable events and removing and/or repairing questionable events. We used this data base to critique the performance quantitatively of a classification method known as Scheme F. As a context for improving the approach, we show in this paper that scheme F can be represented as a McCullogh-Pitts neural network, oar as an equivalent decomposition of the plane. We found that Scheme F, among other things, severely misrepresents the number of vehicles in Class 3 by labeling them as Class 2. After discussing the basic classification problem in terms of what is measured, and what is the desired prediction goal, we set forth desirable characteristics of the classification scheme and describe a recurrent neural network system that partitions the high dimensional space up into bins for each axle separation. the collection of bin numbers, one for each of the axle separations, specifies a region in the axle space called a hyper-bin. All the vehicles counted that have the same set of in numbers are in the same hyper-bin. The probability of the occurrence of a particular class in that hyper- bin is the relative frequency with which that class occurs in that set of bin numbers. This type of algorithm produces classification results that are much more balanced and uniform with respect to Classes 2 and 3 and Class 10. In particular, the cancellation of errors of classification that occurs is for many applications the ideal classification scenario. The neural network results are presented in the form of a primary classification network and a reclassification network, the performance matrices for which are presented.

  16. Photocatalytic reactor with flexible supports

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jacoby, W.A.; Blake, D.M.

    1995-09-12

    Organic pollutants and bioaerosols in a gaseous stream are oxidized by exposure to light (e.g., UV light) in the presence of semiconductor catalyst particles or coatings supported on flexible strips suspended in the gaseous stream. 3 figs.

  17. Managerial perceptions of operational flexibility 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yanzhen

    2006-08-16

    . Few descriptions of managerial real options practice exist as a basis for improvement. To address this need the current research has experiment subjects manage a simple but uncertain installation project with managerial flexibility. Subjects repeatedly...

  18. Audit of Bus Service Subsidies at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, WR-B-97-02

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De p uBUS SERVICE SUBSIDIES AT THE IDAHO NATIONAL ENGINEERING

  19. A 3D finite element method for flexible multibody Johannes Gerstmayr, Joachim Schoberl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoeberl, Joachim

    -Kutta scheme. The present method has been imple- mented and tested with the FE-package NETGEN/NGSOLVE. Keywords dynamics, e.g. for the investigation of a slider-crank mechanism [9], the stability of a rotor-blade of a helicopter or the stability of a satellite with highly flexible solar panels, see Bremer [5]. While most

  20. Exploiting Hidden Convexity For Flexible And Robust Resource Allocation In Cellular Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Chee Wei

    transmission in a CDMA cellular network, we propose an optimal power control scheme with congestionExploiting Hidden Convexity For Flexible And Robust Resource Allocation In Cellular Networks Chee of the SIR-balancing power algorithm is optimized. I. INTRODUCTION A. Motivation Data transmission

  1. A Data Gathering Scheme in Wireless Sensor Networks Based on Synchronization of Chaotic Spiking Oscillator Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nakano, Hidehiro; Utani, Akihide; Miyauchi, Arata; Yamamoto, Hisao [Tokyo City University (Japan)

    2011-04-19

    This paper studies chaos-based data gathering scheme in multiple sink wireless sensor networks. In the proposed scheme, each wireless sensor node has a simple chaotic oscillator. The oscillators generate spike signals with chaotic interspike intervals, and are impulsively coupled by the signals via wireless communication. Each wireless sensor node transmits and receives sensor information only in the timing of the couplings. The proposed scheme can exhibit various chaos synchronous phenomena and their breakdown phenomena, and can effectively gather sensor information with the significantly small number of transmissions and receptions compared with the conventional scheme. Also, the proposed scheme can flexibly adapt various wireless sensor networks not only with a single sink node but also with multiple sink nodes. This paper introduces our previous works. Through simulation experiments, we show effectiveness of the proposed scheme and discuss its development potential.

  2. New LNG process scheme

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foglietta, J.H.

    1999-07-01

    A new LNG cycle has been developed for base load liquefaction facilities. This new design offers a different technical and economical solution comparing in efficiency with the classical technologies. The new LNG scheme could offer attractive business opportunities to oil and gas companies that are trying to find paths to monetize gas sources more effectively; particularly for remote or offshore locations where smaller scale LNG facilities might be applicable. This design offers also an alternative route to classic LNG projects, as well as alternative fuel sources. Conceived to offer simplicity and access to industry standard equipment, This design is a hybrid result of combining a standard refrigeration system and turboexpander technology.

  3. Flexible ultrasonic pipe inspection apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jenkins, Charles F. (Aiken, SC); Howard, Boyd D. (Augusta, GA)

    1998-01-01

    A flexible, modular ultrasonic pipe inspection apparatus, comprising a flexible, hollow shaft that carries a plurality of modules, including at least one rotatable ultrasonic transducer, a motor/gear unit, and a position/signal encoder. The modules are connected by flexible knuckle joints that allow each module of the apparatus to change its relative orientation with respect to a neighboring module, while the shaft protects electrical wiring from kinking or buckling while the apparatus moves around a tight corner. The apparatus is moved through a pipe by any suitable means, including a tether or drawstring attached to the nose or tail, differential hydraulic pressure, or a pipe pig. The rotational speed of the ultrasonic transducer and the forward velocity of the apparatus are coordinated so that the beam sweeps out the entire interior surface of the pipe, enabling the operator to accurately assess the condition of the pipe wall and determine whether or not leak-prone corrosion damage is present.

  4. Adhesion Transition of Flexible Sheets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arthur A. Evans; Eric Lauga

    2009-05-31

    Intermolecular forces are known to precipitate adhesion events between solid bodies. Inspired by a macro-scale experiment showing the hysteretic adhesion of a piece of flexible tape over a plastic substrate, we develop here a model of far-field dry adhesion between two flexible sheets interacting via a power-law potential. We show that phase transitions from unadhered to adhered states occur as dictated by a dimensionless bending parameter representing the ratio of interaction strength to bending stiffness. The order of the adhesion transitions, as well as their hysteretic nature, is shown to depend on the form of the interaction potential between the flexible sheets. When three or more sheets interact, additional geometrical considerations determine the hierarchical or sequential nature of the adhesion transitions.

  5. A DAW lockout scheme

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Landeche, D.A. [Entergy Operations, Inc., Killona, LA (United States)

    1996-10-01

    In it`s document TR-105834, Project 24414 dated November 1995 and titled {open_quotes}Zero Plastics and the Radiologically Protected Area Low Level Waste Lockout Program{close_quotes}, EPRI describes DAW lockout as a {open_quotes}very advanced{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}perhaps the most powerful of all approaches to LLW minimization.{close_quotes} The report discusses implementation of a lockout program at Kewaunee, LaSalle and Zion stations but states that {open_quotes}no quantifiable results{close_quotes} were available at time of report printing. Waterford 3 Nuclear Station began implementing a limited lockout scheme in 1993. This paper presents Waterford`s experience and results achieved through the lockout approach.

  6. A Cheat-Proof Game Theoretic Demand Response Scheme for Smart Grids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, K. J. Ray

    A Cheat-Proof Game Theoretic Demand Response Scheme for Smart Grids Yan Chen, W. Sabrina Lin, Feng}@umd.edu Abstract--While demand response has achieved promising results on making the power grid more efficient and reliable, the additional dynamics and flexibility brought by demand response also increase the uncertainty

  7. Flexible NOx Abatement from Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    's Integrated Global System Model. Through this integrated model, the Program seeks to: discover new quality management strategies for NOx emissions from electric generating units. Results from a modelFlexible NOx Abatement from Power Plants in the Eastern United States* Lin Sun, Mort Webster, Gary

  8. Flexibility Premium in Marketable Permits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macrina, Andrea

    for emission permits should attract those regulated companies with lower marginal costs for pollution abatement with lower marginal abatement costs to exploit the consequent price difference. 4 / 27 #12;Flexibility-emitting technology, modification of the production process, technology innovation); trading emission permits (spot

  9. Flexible ultrasonic pipe inspection apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jenkins, C.F.; Howard, B.D.

    1994-01-01

    Pipe crawlers, pipe inspection {open_quotes}rabbits{close_quotes} and similar vehicles are widely used for inspecting the interior surfaces of piping systems, storage tanks and process vessels for damaged or flawed structural features. This paper describes the design of a flexible, modular ultrasonic pipe inspection apparatus.

  10. For more information, contact Michele Boyd at mboyd@psr.org. Updated July 13, 2009. Existing Subsidies and Incentives for New Nuclear Reactors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    Subsidies and Incentives for New Nuclear Reactors Research and Development · Generation IV program in construction and operation licensing for 6 new reactors, including delays due to the Nuclear Regulatory-hour paid by ratepayers receiving electricity from nuclear reactors to pay for a geologic repository

  11. Estuaries and Coasts Vol. 30, No. 3, p. 451-458 June 2007 Detrital Subsidy to the Supratidal Zone Provides Feeding Habitat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    amphipods had a reduced lisk of pl~edation by H. nut/us when buried in the sand, foraging tmdemeath wrack the vcrack. We conclude thai beach-cast vcrack a~ as a spatial subsidy by virtue of providing a valuable food into supratidal wrack patches to reduce the risk of passing bare sand on their way to a feeding habitat rich

  12. Flexible Transmission in the Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hedman, Kory Walter

    2010-01-01

    E. B. Fisher, S. S. Oren, “Smart flexible just-in-timeISO New England Outlook: Smart Grid is About Consumers,”Flexible Transmission in the Smart Grid By Kory Walter

  13. Flexible Hardware Abstraction for Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Flexible Hardware Abstraction for Wireless Sensor Networks Vlado Handziski, Joseph Polastre, Jan; Computer Science Department Berkeley, CA 94720 US Abstract-- We present a flexible Hardware Abstraction gradually adapts the capabilities of the underlying hardware plat- forms to the selected platform

  14. ULTRA BARRIER TOPSHEET (UBT) FOR FLEXIBLE PHOTOVOLTAICS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeScioli, Derek

    2013-06-01

    This slide-show presents 3M photovoltaic-related products, particularly flexible components. Emphasis is on the 3M Ultra Barrier Solar Films. Topics covered include reliability and qualification testing and flexible photovoltaic encapsulation costs.

  15. CECC'08 L. Csirmaz: Secret Sharing Schemes 1 / 35 Secret Sharing Schemes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Csirmaz, László

    CECC'08 L. Csirmaz: Secret Sharing Schemes 1 / 35 Secret Sharing Schemes: Solved & Unsolved Schemes 2 / 35 Secret Sharing Scheme { the beginning Contents 1 Secret Sharing Scheme { the beginning 2 De Schemes 3 / 35 Secret Sharing Scheme { the beginning The beginning What Who When Secret Sharing Shamir [23

  16. Protein flexibility and dynamics using constraint theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobs, Donald J.

    place, consistent with these distance constraints. We also define a flexibility index that quantifies the local density of flexible or floppy modes, in terms of the dihedral angles that remain free to rotate of the flexible regions by introducing Monte Carlo changes in the free dihedral angles, subject to the distance

  17. The sedimentation of flexible filaments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lei Li; Harishankar Manikantan; David Saintillan; Saverio E. Spagnolie

    2013-06-19

    The dynamics of a flexible filament sedimenting in a viscous fluid are explored analytically and numerically. Compared to the well-studied case of sedimenting rigid rods, the introduction of filament compliance is shown to cause a significant alteration in the long-time sedimentation orientation and filament geometry. A model is developed by balancing viscous, elastic, and gravitational forces in a slender-body theory for zero-Reynolds-number flows, and the filament dynamics are characterized by a dimensionless elasto-gravitation number. Filaments of both non-uniform and uniform cross-sectional thickness are considered. In the weakly flexible regime, a multiple-scale asymptotic expansion is used to obtain expressions for filament translations, rotations, and shapes. These are shown to match excellently with full numerical simulations. Furthermore, we show that trajectories of sedimenting flexible filaments, unlike their rigid counterparts, are restricted to a cloud whose envelope is determined by the elasto-gravitation number. In the highly flexible regime we show that a filament sedimenting along its long axis is susceptible to a buckling instability. A linear stability analysis provides a dispersion relation, illustrating clearly the competing effects of the compressive stress and the restoring elastic force in the buckling process. The instability travels as a wave along the filament opposite the direction of gravity as it grows and the predicted growth rates are shown to compare favorably with numerical simulations. The linear eigenmodes of the governing equation are also studied, which agree well with the finite-amplitude buckled shapes arising in simulations.

  18. Flexible ultrasonic pipe inspection apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jenkins, C.F.; Howard, B.D.

    1998-06-23

    A flexible, modular ultrasonic pipe inspection apparatus, comprises a flexible, hollow shaft that carries a plurality of modules, including at least one rotatable ultrasonic transducer, a motor/gear unit, and a position/signal encoder. The modules are connected by flexible knuckle joints that allow each module of the apparatus to change its relative orientation with respect to a neighboring module, while the shaft protects electrical wiring from kinking or buckling while the apparatus moves around a tight corner. The apparatus is moved through a pipe by any suitable means, including a tether or drawstring attached to the nose or tail, differential hydraulic pressure, or a pipe pig. The rotational speed of the ultrasonic transducer and the forward velocity of the apparatus are coordinated so that the beam sweeps out the entire interior surface of the pipe, enabling the operator to accurately assess the condition of the pipe wall and determine whether or not leak-prone corrosion damage is present. 7 figs.

  19. Cap-and-Trade Properties under Different Scheme Designs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taschini, Luca

    This paper examines the key design mechanisms of existing and proposed cap-and-trade markets. First, it is shown that the hybrid systems under investigation (safety-valve with offsets, price floor using a subsidy, price ...

  20. Flexible Electronics Could Find Applications As Sensors, Artificial Muscles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    Flexible Electronics Could Find Applications As Sensors, Artificial Muscles Science Daily -- Flexible electronic structures with the potential to bend, expand and manipulate electronic devices. In addition to a biomedical impact, flexible electronics are important for energy technology as flexible

  1. Flexible, transparent thin film transistors raise hopes for flexible

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journal Article) |Final ReporttheHouseNew ventureFlexible Work

  2. Operational Signature Schemes Michael Backes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Operational Signature Schemes Michael Backes CISPA, Saarland University ¨Ozg¨ur Dagdelen TU] transferred the idea of functional encryption to signatures. They basically say that, with knowledge

  3. A Flexible Class Hierarchy Locking Technique in Object-Oriented Database Systems Woochun Jun and Le Gruenwald

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruenwald, Le

    A Flexible Class Hierarchy Locking Technique in Object-Oriented Database Systems Woochun Jun and Le with class hierarchy which is an important property in OODBs. Our scheme is based on so called special classes and can be used for any applications, with less overhead, by adjusting the number of special

  4. Thermodynamics of tubelike flexible polymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Vogel; Thomas Neuhaus; Michael Bachmann; Wolfhard Janke

    2009-07-17

    In this work we present the general phase behavior of short tubelike flexible polymers. The geometric thickness constraint is implemented through the concept of the global radius of curvature. We use sophisticated Monte Carlo sampling methods to simulate small bead-stick polymer models with Lennard-Jones interaction among non-bonded monomers. We analyze energetic fluctuations and structural quantities to classify conformational pseudophases. We find that the tube thickness influences the thermodynamic behavior of simple tubelike polymers significantly, i.e., for given temperature, the formation of secondary structures strongly depends on the tube thickness.

  5. Flexible network wireless transceiver and flexible network telemetry transceiver

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brown, Kenneth D. (Grain Valley, MO)

    2008-08-05

    A transceiver for facilitating two-way wireless communication between a baseband application and other nodes in a wireless network, wherein the transceiver provides baseband communication networking and necessary configuration and control functions along with transmitter, receiver, and antenna functions to enable the wireless communication. More specifically, the transceiver provides a long-range wireless duplex communication node or channel between the baseband application, which is associated with a mobile or fixed space, air, water, or ground vehicle or other platform, and other nodes in the wireless network or grid. The transceiver broadly comprises a communication processor; a flexible telemetry transceiver including a receiver and a transmitter; a power conversion and regulation mechanism; a diplexer; and a phased array antenna system, wherein these various components and certain subcomponents thereof may be separately enclosed and distributable relative to the other components and subcomponents.

  6. Flexibility in 21st Century Power Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochran, J.; Miller, M.; Zinaman, O.; Milligan, M.; Arent, D.; Palmintier, B.; O'Malley, M.; Mueller, S.; Lannoye, E.; Tuohy, A.; Kujala, B.; Sommer, M.; Holttinen, H.; Kiviluoma, J.; Soonee, S. K.

    2014-05-01

    Flexibility of operation--the ability of a power system to respond to change in demand and supply--is a characteristic of all power systems. Flexibility is especially prized in twenty-first century power systems, with higher levels of grid-connected variable renewable energy (primarily, wind and solar). This paper summarizes the analytic frameworks that have emerged to measure this characteristic and distills key principles of flexibility for policy makers.

  7. A methodology for identifying flexible design opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilds, Jennifer M

    2008-01-01

    Technical and operational uncertainties dynamically change environments for engineering systems. Flexibility allows systems to continue delivering value as the uncertainty unfolds. Uncertainty can better be managed by ...

  8. ULTRATHIN FLEXIBLE CRYSTALLINE SILICON: MICROSYSTEMS ENABLED PHOTOVOLTAICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ULTRATHIN FLEXIBLE CRYSTALLINE SILICON: MICROSYSTEMS ENABLED PHOTOVOLTAICS Jose L. Cruz Photovoltaics (MEPV) is a technique to create solar cells relying on tools from the microsystems and integrated

  9. Flexible interconnects for fuel cell stacks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lenz, David J.; Chung, Brandon W.; Pham, Ai Quoc

    2004-11-09

    An interconnect that facilitates electrical connection and mechanical support with minimal mechanical stress for fuel cell stacks. The interconnects are flexible and provide mechanically robust fuel cell stacks with higher stack performance at lower cost. The flexible interconnects replace the prior rigid rib interconnects with flexible "fingers" or contact pads which will accommodate the imperfect flatness of the ceramic fuel cells. Also, the mechanical stress of stacked fuel cells will be smaller due to the flexibility of the fingers. The interconnects can be one-sided or double-sided.

  10. Alternative subtraction scheme using Nagy Soper dipoles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Robens; C. H. Chung

    2010-01-15

    We present an alternative subtraction scheme for the treatment of infrared divergences in NLO QCD calculations. In this scheme, the number of transformations is greatly reduced with respect to the standard subtraction scheme by Catani and Seymour. We discuss the general setup of the scheme as well as first applications to NLO processes at hadron and lepton colliders.

  11. High-flexibility, noncollapsing lightweight hose

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Williams, D.A.

    1993-04-20

    A high-flexibility, noncollapsing, lightweight, large-bore, wire-reinforced hose is inside fiber-reinforced PVC tubing that is flexible, lightweight, and abrasion resistant. It provides a strong, kink- and collapse-free conduit for moving large quantities of dangerous fluids, e.g., removing radioactive waste water or processing chemicals.

  12. High-flexibility, noncollapsing lightweight hose

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Williams, David A. (Pittsburgh, PA)

    1993-01-01

    A high-flexibility, noncollapsing, lightweight, large-bore, wire-reinforced hose is inside fiber-reinforced PVC tubing that is flexible, lightweight, and abrasion resistant. It provides a strong, kink- and collapse-free conduit for moving large quantities of dangerous fluids, e.g., removing radioactive waste water or processing chemicals.

  13. A flexible framework for secure and efficient program obfuscation.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Solis, John Hector

    2013-03-01

    In this paper, we present a modular framework for constructing a secure and efficient program obfuscation scheme. Our approach, inspired by the obfuscation with respect to oracle machines model of [4], retains an interactive online protocol with an oracle, but relaxes the original computational and storage restrictions. We argue this is reasonable given the computational resources of modern personal devices. Furthermore, we relax the information-theoretic security requirement for computational security to utilize established cryptographic primitives. With this additional flexibility we are free to explore different cryptographic buildingblocks. Our approach combines authenticated encryption with private information retrieval to construct a secure program obfuscation framework. We give a formal specification of our framework, based on desired functionality and security properties, and provide an example instantiation. In particular, we implement AES in Galois/Counter Mode for authenticated encryption and the Gentry-Ramzan [13]constant communication-rate private information retrieval scheme. We present our implementation results and show that non-trivial sized programs can be realized, but scalability is quickly limited by computational overhead. Finally, we include a discussion on security considerations when instantiating specific modules.

  14. Hydrocracking to achieve product flexibility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    George, S.E. (Criterion Catalyst Co., Houston, TX (United States)); Boardman, S.R. (Criterion Catalyst Co., Fareham (United Kingdom)); Foley, R.M. (Zeolyst International, Houston, TX (United States)) (and others)

    1994-01-01

    Hydrocracking has demonstrated a broad diversity in upgrading a wide range of feedstocks ranging from atmospheric gas oil through heavy vacuum gas oil; conversion products from cat crackers and cokers; and product streams from lube plants and deasphalters. The 90's bring many challenges to the refining industry with more stringent environmental specifications on fuels and a general trend for conversion units such as hydrocrackers to process more difficult/low value feedstocks at higher throughputs. These changes are making hydrogen availability and catalyst stability a limiting factor in many refineries. There is an ever increasing incentive to develop catalyst technology to meet the challenges of the 1990's. The formation of Zeolyst International combined Shell's considerable hydrocracking catalyst technology with the zeolite powder R D and manufacturing expertise of PQ Corporation. Shell utilizes this catalyst technology in all 12 of their advised hydrocrackers world-wide, including 7 units in North America. This level of utilization exceeds the internal use of most process licensors. Criterion Catalyst Co. manufacturers and markets Zeolyst International zeolitic hydrocracking catalyst product line worldwide. This paper discusses the wide range of applications of Criterion/Zeolyst hydrocracking catalyst systems under a variety of feedstocks, operating conditions, and unit configurations with multiple product performance targets. Commercial feedback customers on the performance of Criterion/Zeolyst hydrocracking catalysts discussed in this paper demonstrates the flexibility and value added benefits of the systems.

  15. Design and Fabrication of Complex Flexible Structures and Microarchitectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mease, Kenneth D.

    Design and Fabrication of Complex Flexible Structures and Microarchitectures The ability to design and fabricate complex flexible structures is becoming increasingly important using flexible structures because design tools for creating them are limited and modeling

  16. Fuel-Flexible Combustion System for Refinery and Chemical Plant...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Flexible Combustion System for Refinery and Chemical Plant Process Heaters - Fact Sheet 2014 Fuel-Flexible Combustion System for Refinery and Chemical Plant Process Heaters - Fact...

  17. Methods for Procuring Power System Flexibility, Greening the...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    interchange. METHODS FOR PROCURING POWER SYSTEM FLEXIBILITY Intraday Markets and Sub-Hourly Dispatch Wholesale energy markets can encourage flexibility by employing intraday...

  18. Development of Fuel-Flexible Combustion Systems Utilizing Opportunity...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Fuel-Flexible Combustion Systems Utilizing Opportunity Fuels in Gas Turbines - Fact Sheet, May 2014 Development of Fuel-Flexible Combustion Systems Utilizing Opportunity Fuels in...

  19. Flexible Distributed Energy and Water from Waste for the Food...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Flexible Distributed Energy and Water from Waste for the Food and Beverage Industry - Fact Sheet, 2014 Flexible Distributed Energy and Water from Waste for the Food and Beverage...

  20. Electricity for road transport, flexible power systems and wind...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electricity for road transport, flexible power systems and wind power (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Electricity for road transport, flexible power...

  1. Flexible conductive polymer polarizer designed for a chemical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Conference: Flexible conductive polymer polarizer designed for a chemical tag. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Flexible conductive polymer polarizer designed for a...

  2. Inoculating Multivariate Schemes Against Differential Attacks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Inoculating Multivariate Schemes Against Differential Attacks Jintai Ding and Jason E. Gower scheme the Perturbed Matsumoto-Imai-Plus (PMI+) cryptosystem. Keywords: multivariate, public key resources. Multivariate public key cryptography provides one alternative since computations in small finite

  3. Regular differentials and equidimensional scheme-maps.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1910-30-30

    Now fix a base scheme S, and restrict attention to those S-schemes Z whose ... g is smooth at f(x); and since all the relevant data are compatible with flat base.

  4. Direct transfer of graphene onto flexible substrates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Araujo, Paulo Antonio Trinidade

    In this paper we explore the direct transfer via lamination of chemical vapor deposition graphene onto different flexible substrates. The transfer method investigated here is fast, simple, and does not require an intermediate ...

  5. Flexible Visual Authoring Using Operation History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Sara

    Flexible Visual Authoring Using Operation History Sara Su Massachusetts Institute of Technology l Revisiting history Storing and retrieving state Hierarchical authoring Grouping, structure, selections #12;Operations and selections today Uses of history System activity logs, instrumentation (not our focus

  6. A flexible system for Olympic villages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Se-Hack

    1985-01-01

    This thesis suggests a flexible system and its systems approach in constructing Olympic Villages which are used both during and after the Games. A historical overview of ancient Olympia and modern Olympia, as well as a ...

  7. Nanocomposite Flexible Pressure Sensor for Biomedical Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fachin, F.

    A new approach for the fabrication of flexible pressure sensors based on aligned carbon nanotubes (A-CNTs) is described in this paper. The technology is suitable for blood pressure sensors that can be attached to a stent-graft ...

  8. PRECIOS ELECTRICOS FLEXIBLES* JUAN-PABLO MONTERO**

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixon, Juan

    PRECIOS ELECTRICOS FLEXIBLES* JUAN-PABLO MONTERO** HUGH RUDNICK*** ABSTRACT One of the critiques.-P. Montero, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (PUC), Ingeniería Industrial, Casilla 306, Correo 22

  9. A flexible design framework for autonomous mowing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraft, Justin (Justin A.)

    2011-01-01

    This work outlines the creation of a flexible design framework for autonomous mowing to meet changing customer needs and functionality across a spectrum of applications from residential areas to sport complexes. The thesis ...

  10. Optimization of the MOVA Undeniable Signature Scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Optimization of the MOVA Undeniable Signature Scheme Jean Monnerat1 , Yvonne Anne Oswald2. This article presents optimization results on the recent MOVA undeniable signature scheme presented by Monnerat of the MOVA scheme depending on the group homomor- phism. Our optimizations focus on the quartic residue

  11. Hybrid Signcryption Schemes With Outsider Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dent, Alexander W.

    Hybrid Signcryption Schemes With Outsider Security (Extended Abstract) Alexander W. Dent.dent@rhul.ac.uk Abstract. This paper expands the notion of a KEM­DEM hybrid en- cryption scheme to the signcryption setting by introducing the notion of a signcryption KEM, a signcryption DEM and a hybrid signcryption scheme. We present

  12. Biaxially oriented film on flexible polymeric substrate

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Finkikoglu, Alp T. (Los Alamos, NM); Matias, Vladimir (Santa Fe, NM)

    2009-10-13

    A flexible polymer-based template having a biaxially oriented film grown on the surface of a polymeric substrate. The template having the biaxially oriented film can be used for further epitaxial growth of films of interest for applications such as photovoltaic cells, light emitting diodes, and the like. Methods of forming such a flexible template and providing the polymeric substrate with a biaxially oriented film deposited thereon are also described.

  13. Regulation of flexible arms under gravity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Luca, A.; Siciliano, B.

    1993-08-01

    A simple controller is presented for the regulation problem of robot arms with flexible links under gravity. It consists of a joint PD feedback plus a constant feedforward. Global asymptotic stability of the reference equilibrium state is shown under a structural assumption about link elasticity and a mild condition on the proportional gain. The result holds also in the absence of internal damping of the flexible arm. A numerical case study is presented.

  14. The Flexible-Salary Match: A Proposal to Increase the Salary Flexibility of the National Resident Matching Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, Vincent P.

    2005-01-01

    The Flexible-Salary Match: A Proposalto Increase the Salary Flexibility of the National Residentincluding the associated salaries. Both students and

  15. A fast stratospheric ozone chemistry schemeA fast stratospheric ozone chemistry scheme Michel Bourqui1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bourqui, Michel

    A fast stratospheric ozone chemistry schemeA fast stratospheric ozone chemistry scheme Michel a computationally efficient chemical scheme, the FAst STratospheric Ozone Chemistry (FASTOC) scheme, which has advantages over many existing fast methods, as it does not rely on relaxation to assumed conditions, does

  16. Flexible shaft and roof drilling system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blanz, John H. (Carlisle, MA)

    1981-01-01

    A system for drilling holes in the roof of a mine has a flexible shaft with a pair of oppositely wound, coaxial flat bands. One of the flat bands defines an inner spring that is wound right handed into a helical configuration, adjacent convolutions being in nesting relationship to one another. The other flat band defines an outer spring that is wound left handed into a helical configuration about the inner band, adjacent convolutions being nesting relationship with one another. A transition member that is configured to hold a rock bit is mounted to one end of the flexible shaft. When torque and thrust are applied to the flexible shaft by a driver, the inner spring expands outwardly and the outer spring contracts inwardly to form a relatively rigid shaft.

  17. Superconducting Cable Having A Flexible Former

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hughey, Raburn L. (Franklin, GA); Sinha, Uday K. (Carrollton, GA); Reece, David S. (Carrollton, GA); Muller, Albert C. (Eidson, TN)

    2005-08-30

    In order to provide a flexible oxide superconducting cable which is reduced in AC loss, tape-shaped superconducting wires covered with a stabilizing metal are wound on a flexible former. The superconducting wires are preferably laid on the former at a bending strain of not more than 0.2%. In laying on the former, a number of tape-shaped superconducting wires are laid on a core member in a side-by-side manner, to form a first layer. A prescribed number of tape-shaped superconducting wires are laid on top of the first layer in a side-by-side manner, to form a second layer. The former may be made of a metal, plastic, reinforced plastic, polymer, or a composite and provides flexibility to the superconducting wires and the cable formed therewith.

  18. Myrinet Real Time Protocol with flexible routing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kini, Savita

    1998-01-01

    Real Time communication relies on resource reservation ics. along the path of the connection for performance guarantees, typically in terms of bounded delays. A fully distributed admission control scheme for resource allocation in real...

  19. DISTINGUISHING SCHEMES AND TASKS IN CHILDREN'S ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedro Gomez

    2013-03-27

    links among schemes—conceptual structures and operations children ..... blueprint supports curriculum design can be found in the software that we have.

  20. High-Order Energy Stable WENO Schemes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A third-order Energy Stable Weighted Essentially Non--Oscillatory (ESWENO) finite difference scheme developed by the authors of the paper [N. K. Yamaleev ...

  1. The place of useful learning The University of Strathclyde is a charitable body, registered in Scotland, number SC015263

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strathclyde, University of

    climate change. Climate taxes, subsidies and an increasing number of emission trading schemes fall broadly

  2. Response Options Aimed at Increasing the ContributionResponse Options Aimed at Increasing the Contribution of Variable Energy Resources in the Electricity Supply

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of electricity or heat 4 ­ Storage of electricity or heat ­ New demand technologies (heat pumps, hybrid electric demand technologies available (heat pumps, hybrid electric cars) 7 · Interacts with storage ­ storage power and CHP can workp ­ CHP can only be flexible with heat storage and correct subsidy scheme for CHP

  3. FINANCIAL HEDGING OF OPERATIONAL FLEXIBILITY MICHAEL LUDKOVSKI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ludkovski, Mike

    -dependency. Moreover, the operator is only able to imperfectly hedge her income on the futures market. Using options, stochastic income. 1 #12;FINANCIAL HEDGING OF OPERATIONAL FLEXIBILITY 2 1. INTRODUCTION. The manager in charge has control over the operating modes and attempts to maximize expected profit which

  4. Hardware Supported Flexible Monitoring: Early Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhai, Antonia

    Hardware Supported Flexible Monitoring: Early Results Antonia Zhai, Guojin He, and Mats P. Monitoring of software's execution is crucial in numerous software development tasks. Current monitoring software must be studied in its pro- duction environment. To address this fundamental software engineering

  5. Flexible moldable conductive current-limiting materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shea, John Joseph (Pittsburgh, PA); Djordjevic, Miomir B. (Milwaukee, WI); Hanna, William Kingston (Pittsburgh, PA)

    2002-01-01

    A current limiting PTC device (10) has two electrodes (14) with a thin film of electric conducting polymer material (20) disposed between the electrodes, the polymer material (20) having superior flexibility and short circuit performance, where the polymer material contains short chain aliphatic diepoxide, conductive filler particles, curing agent, and, preferably, a minor amount of bisphenol A epoxy resin.

  6. Flexible Displays With Nanostructured Integrated Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    Background and Motivation Impact of Fabrication process on Performance and Reliability. 3D Integration Fabrication Methods Transfer Printing Photolithography with LT Processing #12;Successful Implementation of Transfer Printing #12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;Second Fabrication Technology For Flexible Electronics

  7. Health Care and Dependent Care Flexible

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Health Care and Dependent Care Flexible Spending Accounts Discovery Benefits, Inc. (866) 451 for certain health care and child care expenses with pre-tax dollars. FSA's may allow you to save money of money that is withheld from your pay on a pre-tax basis. Note: Health Care Reform extends medical FSA

  8. Flexible photovoltaic technologies Qingfeng Lin,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .5 Indeed, installed solar PV capacity has increased rapidly from just 1 GW in 2000 to 67 GW in 2011. In addition, a summary will be provided with perspective on the future development of flexible solar cells a pressing task to researchers all over the world. Solar energy is one of the most abundant and rene- wable

  9. Flexible hydrogel-based functional composite materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    2013-10-08

    A composite having a flexible hydrogel polymer formed by mixing an organic phase with an inorganic composition, the organic phase selected from the group consisting of a hydrogel monomer, a crosslinker, a radical initiator, and/or a solvent. A polymerization mixture is formed and polymerized into a desired shape and size.

  10. DEDICATION VERSUS FLEXIBILITY IN FIELD SERVICE OPERATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karaesmen, Fikri

    DEDICATION VERSUS FLEXIBILITY IN FIELD SERVICE OPERATIONS Fikri Karaesmen Frank Van der Duyn in contracts. Moreover, lately, there is strong pressure from clients to have a single dedicated technician who the analysis of various trade-offs between service levels and operational costs under the dedicated service

  11. Finite volume renormalization scheme for fermionic operators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Monahan, Christopher; Orginos, Kostas [JLAB

    2013-11-01

    We propose a new finite volume renormalization scheme. Our scheme is based on the Gradient Flow applied to both fermion and gauge fields and, much like the Schr\\"odinger functional method, allows for a nonperturbative determination of the scale dependence of operators using a step-scaling approach. We give some preliminary results for the pseudo-scalar density in the quenched approximation.

  12. Year in Industry Scheme The Year in Industry Scheme allows you to spend

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haase, Markus

    Year in Industry Scheme The Year in Industry Scheme allows you to spend your third year in full whether or not to transfer to this scheme during your second year. To be allowed to make the transfer, you must do sufficiently well in your year 1 and 2 examinations; a typical grade average of at least 55

  13. Enabling manufacturing flexibility issue resolution in advanced vehicle development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomlin, Grace C. (Grace Catherine)

    2008-01-01

    Manufacturing Flexibility is a broad term used to describe a metric that can be measured in many different ways. Current industry experts agree that Flexibility is one of the key measures that will help the automotive ...

  14. Flexibility in Aerospace and Automotive Component Manufacturing Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Flexibility in Aerospace and Automotive Component Manufacturing Systems: Practice, Strategy Supervisor #12;2 #12;Flexibility in Aerospace and Automotive Component Manufacturing Systems: Practice Traditionally, parts fabrication in the aerospace and automotive industries has been associated with a number

  15. Organism of options : a design strategy for flexible space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Young-Ju, M. Arch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    The need for "flexibility" of architecture has been increasing as recent social demands are rapidly changing. However, many buildings designed in the name of flexibility are blocky, boring, and actually quite inflexible ...

  16. An Explicit Scheme for Incorporating Ambipolar Diffusion in a Magnetohydrodynamics Code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Eunwoo; Wiita, Paul J

    2008-01-01

    We describe a method for incorporating ambipolar diffusion in the strong coupling approximation into a multidimensional magnetohydrodynamics code based on the total variation diminishing scheme. Contributions from ambipolar diffusion terms are included by explicit finite difference operators in a fully unsplit way, maintaining second order accuracy. The divergence-free condition of magnetic fields is exactly ensured at all times by a flux-interpolated constrained transport scheme. The super time stepping method is used to accelerate the timestep in high resolution calculations and/or in strong ambipolar diffusion. We perform two test problems, the steady-state oblique C-type shocks and the decay of Alfv\\'en waves, confirming the accuracy and robustness of our numerical approach. Results from the simulations of the compressible MHD turbulence with ambipolar diffusion show the flexibility of our method as well as its ability to follow complex MHD flows in the presence of ambipolar diffusion. These simulations s...

  17. Design, automation, and test for low-power and reliable flexible electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, TC; Huang, JL; Cheng, KT

    2015-01-01

    improvement. Flexible Photovoltaics Solar cells and solarand organic solar Flexible Photovoltaics Figure 7.9: Theof a CIGS solar cell Flexible Photovoltaics (Mo) is selected

  18. A Tunable Hemispherical Platform for Non-Stretching Curved Flexible Electronics and Optoelectronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ju, Y. Sungtaek

    2014-01-01

    Stretching Curved Flexible Electronics and Optoelectronicsin incorporating flexible electronics or optoelectronics onin so-called flexible electronics and optoelectronics for a

  19. Flexible metamaterials for wireless strain sensing Rohat Melik,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demir, Hilmi Volkan

    Flexible metamaterials for wireless strain sensing Rohat Melik,1 Emre Unal,1 Nihan Kosku Perkgoz,1; published online 4 November 2009 We proposed and demonstrated flexible metamaterial-based wireless strain. For these metamaterial sensors, we showed that a flexible substrate e.g., Kapton tape delivers greater sensitivity

  20. THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF MOBILE FLEXIBLE NETWORKS Merouane Debbah

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF MOBILE FLEXIBLE NETWORKS M´erouane Debbah Alcatel-Lucent Chair.debbah@supelec.fr ABSTRACT The general framework of Mobile Flexible Networks (MFN) is to design dense self-organizing, self on Flexible Radio Supelec, 3 rue Joliot-Curie 91192 GIF SUR YVETTE CEDEX, France Email: merouane

  1. MOBILE FLEXIBLE NETWORKS: THE CHALLENGES AHEAD Merouane Debbah

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    MOBILE FLEXIBLE NETWORKS: THE CHALLENGES AHEAD M´erouane Debbah (Invited Paper) Supelec, 3 rue framework of Mobile Flexible Networks is to design self-organizing secure networks where terminals and base into a telecommunication network and the car users into terminals and you will get what is known as Mobile Flexible

  2. FLUID: Improving Throughputs in Enterprise Wireless LANs through Flexible Channelization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liblit, Ben

    the usefulness of flexible channels in the context of 802.11-based networks. Current 802.11 hardware can provideFLUID: Improving Throughputs in Enterprise Wireless LANs through Flexible Channelization Shravan for designing 802.11 wireless LANs (WLANs) using flexible channelization -- the choice of an appropriate channel

  3. Power System Flexibility Summary of Council Staff Activities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of wind power to the Northwest electricity system has raised issues regarding power system flexibility and balancing its variability with flexible hydro resources. They walked through an example day where windPower System Flexibility Summary of Council Staff Activities The addition of large amounts

  4. DOI: 10.1002/adma.200602223 Inorganic Semiconductors for Flexible

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    DOI: 10.1002/adma.200602223 Inorganic Semiconductors for Flexible Electronics** By Yugang Sun* and John A. Rogers* 1. Introduction Electronic systems that can cover large areas on flexible substrates of applications that lie outside those easily addressed with wafer-based electron- ics. Examples include flexible

  5. Flexible Electronics New Devices on Nearly Any Type of Substrate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    Flexible Electronics ­ New Devices on Nearly Any Type of Substrate by Angelika Boeer published: 2011-07-06 Flexible electronic devices ­ this is a fascinating topic and becoming more and more such as display systems, flexible and stretchable electronics, or other, no-waver-based devices. Sign up

  6. Sponsored by Nanotechnology Seminar Program Flexible and Transparent Optoelectronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Frank

    to fabricate high-performance and flexible electronics. The physics of Quantum-dots Light Emitting Diodes as a Postdoctoral Research Associate, where he was involved in research of flexible and stretchable electronicSponsored by Nanotechnology Seminar Program Flexible and Transparent Optoelectronics based

  7. Flexible procurement strategies smooth price spikes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaalaas, T. [Pace Global Energy Services LLC (United States)

    2006-12-15

    Pace Global Energy Services has been predicting for some time that the recent peaks in spot coal prices were not sustainable and this has been borne out. The latest available data on coal supply and demand fundamental suggest that spot coal prices may decline even more rapidly than previously forecast. Price volatility over the last five years suggests that a flexible procurement strategy that is well adapted to volatile market conditions may be just as important as knowledge of market fundamentals. 3 figs.

  8. Flexible feature interface for multimedia sources

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Coffland, Douglas R. (Livermore, CA)

    2009-06-09

    A flexible feature interface for multimedia sources system that includes a single interface for the addition of features and functions to multimedia sources and for accessing those features and functions from remote hosts. The interface utilizes the export statement: export "C" D11Export void FunctionName(int argc, char ** argv,char * result, SecureSession *ctrl) or the binary equivalent of the export statement.

  9. Gate dielectric development for flexible electronics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joshi, P. C.; Voutsas, A. T.; Hartzell, J. W. [LCD Process Technology Laboratories, SHARP Laboratories of America, Inc., 5700 NW Pacific Rim Blvd., Camas, Washington 98607 (United States)

    2007-07-15

    Thin film transistors integrated on flexible substrates are becoming increasingly attractive for low cost displays, sensors, and rf communication applications. The successful development of the flexible devices will be dictated by the enhancement in the thermal stability of the substrates and the low temperature (<300 deg. C) processing of the gate dielectric. The plasma-enhanced chemical-vapor deposition (PECVD) technique has successfully met the demands of the gate dielectric for display devices at processing temperatures lower than 600 deg. C. However, a further reduction in the processing temperatures below 300 deg. C is essential to realize low cost, highly functional devices on flexible substrates. The low temperature processing of gate dielectric films necessitates the development of processes and techniques with plasma controlled reaction kinetics dominating the thin film growth rather than the thermal state of the substrate. In the present work, the authors report on the processing of high quality gate dielectric films by high density PECVD technique at process temperatures lower than 300 deg. C. The bulk and interfacial electrical quality and reliability of the metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitors as a function of process temperature are discussed in this article. A comparison with the high temperature gate oxide films deposited by PECVD technique employing capacitively coupled plasma source has been made to establish the film quality and reliability. The films processed at low temperatures have shown good electrical performance and reliability as evaluated in terms of the leakage current, flatband voltage, midgap interface trap concentration, and bias temperature stress reliability characteristics.

  10. Topology optimization of building bracing schemes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goo, Zhen John

    2013-01-01

    The thesis presents a technique for producing economical solutions for conventional structural steel frames using topology optimization on the lateral bracing scheme. The study focuses mainly on minimizing the amount of ...

  11. AN ASYMPTOTIC-PRESERVING SCHEME FOR THE ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-07-06

    We present a new asymptotic-preserving scheme for the semicon- ductor Boltzmann ... we propose an alternative based on a splitting approach. It has the ... depending on the device structure. ?(k) is the energy-band diagram given by (

  12. Adaptive Resource Management Schemes for Web Services 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Heung Ki

    2011-02-22

    MANAGEMENT SCHEMES FOR WEB SERVICES A Dissertation by HEUNG KI LEE Submitted to the O?ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulflllment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2009 Major Subject: Computer...: Chair of Committee, Eun Jung Kim Committee Members, Riccardo Bettati Rabi N. Mahapatra Deepa Kundur Ki Hwan Yum Head of Department, Valerie E. Taylor December 2009 Major Subject: Computer Science iii ABSTRACT Adaptive Resource Management Schemes for Web...

  13. Inkjet-Printed Ferromagnetic Nanoparticles for Miniaturization of Flexible Printed RF Inductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tentzeris, Manos

    the inductor for flexible printed electronics. This flexible, miniaturized inductor can be coupledInkjet-Printed Ferromagnetic Nanoparticles for Miniaturization of Flexible Printed RF Inductors to apply ferromagnetic nanomaterial is investigated to produce a truly flexible, printed RF inductor

  14. High-Turnaround and Flexibility in Design and Construction of Mass Housing Proceedings IGLC-7 181

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tommelein, Iris D.

    ), flexible manufacturing systems (FMS), and lean manufacturing coupled with innovative ideas can hope and objectives of flexible and lean construction. OBJECTIVES The objectives are simply to design manufacturing erection of apartment housing units that have architectural flexibility, manufacturing flexibility

  15. Efficient energy stable numerical schemes for a phase field moving ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jie Shen

    2015-01-21

    Jan 7, 2015 ... In this paper, we present two efficient energy stable schemes to solve a ... we obtain a linear coupled energy stable scheme for systems with ...

  16. Dynamics of flexible fibers in shear flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agnieszka M. Slowicka; Eligiusz Wajnryb; Maria L. Ekiel-Jezewska

    2015-04-03

    Dynamics of flexible non-Brownian fibers in shear flow at low-Reynolds-number are analyzed numerically for a wide range of the ratios A of the fiber bending force to the viscous drag force. Initially, the fibers are aligned with the flow, and later they move in the plane perpendicular to the flow vorticity. A surprisingly rich spectrum of different modes is observed when the value of A is systematically changed, with sharp transitions between coiled and straightening out modes, period-doubling bifurcations from periodic to migrating solutions, irregular dynamics and chaos.

  17. Freezing and collapse of flexible polymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Vogel; Michael Bachmann; Wolfhard Janke

    2009-02-13

    We analyze the freezing and collapse transition of a simple model for flexible polymer chains on simple cubic and face-centered cubic lattices by means of sophisticated chain-growth methods. In contrast to bond-fluctuation polymer models in certain parameter ranges, where these two conformational transitions were found to merge in the thermodynamic limit, we conclude from our results that the two transitions remain well-separated in the limit of infinite chain lengths. The reason for this qualitatively distinct behavior is presumably due to the ultrashort attractive interaction range in the lattice models considered here.

  18. Flexible Spending Accounts | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport for the t-) S/,,5 'aExecutiveFlexible Spending Accounts |

  19. Flexible Conversion Ratio Fast Reactor Systems Evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neil Todreas; Pavel Hejzlar

    2008-06-30

    Conceptual designs of lead-cooled and liquid salt-cooled fast flexible conversion ratio reactors were developed. Both concepts have cores reated at 2400 MWt placed in a large-pool-type vessel with dual-free level, which also contains four intermediate heat exchanges coupling a primary coolant to a compact and efficient supercritical CO2 Brayton cycle power conversion system. Decay heat is removed passively using an enhanced Reactor Vessel Auxiliary Cooling System and a Passive Secondary Auxiliary Cooling System. The most important findings were that (1) it is feasible to design the lead-cooled and salt-cooled reactor with the flexible conversion ratio (CR) in the range of CR=0 and CR=1 n a manner that achieves inherent reactor shutdown in unprotected accidents, (2) the salt-cooled reactor requires Lithium thermal Expansion Modules to overcme the inherent salt coolant's large positive coolant temperature reactivity coefficient, (3) the preferable salt for fast spectrum high power density cores is NaCl-Kcl-MgCl2 as opposed to fluoride salts due to its better themal-hydraulic and neutronic characteristics, and (4) both reactor, but attain power density 3 times smaller than that of the sodium-cooled reactor.

  20. Year in Industry Scheme The Year in Industry Scheme allows you to spend

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haase, Markus

    -time paid employment, returning to the University for a final fourth year. You are awarded a BSc (IndustryYear in Industry Scheme The Year in Industry Scheme allows you to spend your third year in full second year. To be allowed to make the transfer, you must do sufficiently well in your year 1 and 2

  1. Evaluation of the Hydro-Thermodynamic Soil Vegetation Scheme and implementation of a new numerical scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moelders, Nicole

    ii Evaluation of the Hydro-Thermodynamic Soil Vegetation Scheme and implementation of a new.S. Fairbanks, Alaska August 2005 #12;iii Abstract The Hydro-Thermodynamic Soil-Vegetation Scheme (HTSVS........................................................................................................................... 24 Evaluation of snow depth and soil temperatures predicted by the Hydro- Thermodynamic Soil

  2. Compression effects on pressure loss in flexible HVAC ducts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abushakra, Bass; Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max H.

    2002-01-01

    Flow Resistance of HVAC Air Ducts and Fittings. American= pitch of the flexible duct (longitudinal distance between49700. ACCA. 1995. Residential Duct Systems. Manual D. Air

  3. Sources of Operational Flexibility, Greening the Grid (Fact Sheet...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    costs are system-dependent and evolving over time SYSTEM OPERATION MARKETS LOAD FLEXIBLE GENERATION NETWORKS STORAGE Grid Codes Improved Energy Market Design Increased Ancillary...

  4. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT/REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW/ FINAL REGULATORY FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT/REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW/ FINAL REGULATORY FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS.0 NEPA REQUIREMENTS: ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF THE ALTERNATIVES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 2.1 Environmental Impacts of the Alternatives

  5. Structures of P-glycoprotein reveal its conformational flexibility...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Structures of P-glycoprotein reveal its conformational flexibility and an epitope on the nucleotide-binding domain Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Structures of...

  6. Fuel-Flexible, Low-Emissions Catalytic Combustor for Opportunity...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to develop a unique, fuel-flexible catalytic combustor capable of enabling ultra-low emission, lean premixed combustion of a wide range of gaseous opportunity fuels. Fact...

  7. Flexible transparent conductors based on metal nanowire networks

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Guo, Chuan Fei; Ren, Zhifeng

    2015-04-01

    Few conductors are transparent and flexible. Metals have the best electrical conductivity, but they are opaque and stiff in bulk form. However, metals can be transparent and flexible when they are very thin or properly arranged on the nanoscale. This review focuses on the flexible transparent conductors based on percolating networks of metal. Specifically, we discuss the fabrication, the means to improve the electrical conductivity, the large stretchability and its mechanism, and the applications of these metal networks. We also suggest some criteria for evaluating flexible transparent conductors and propose some new research directions in this emerging field.

  8. Scalable Heuristics for Planning, Placement and Sizing of Flexible...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and Sizing of Flexible AC Transmission System Devices Aiming to relieve transmission grid congestion and improve or extend feasibility domain of the operations, we build...

  9. Flexible Distributed Energy & Water from Waste for the Food ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Distributed Energy & Water from Waste for the Food & Beverage Industry - Presentation by GE Global Research, June 2011 Flexible Distributed Energy & Water from Waste for the Food &...

  10. Spatial atomic layer deposition on flexible substrates using...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Spatial atomic layer deposition on flexible substrates using a modular rotating cylinder reactor Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Spatial atomic layer deposition on...

  11. Saving Energy and Reducing Emissions with Fuel-Flexible Burners

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    using the standard fuel injectors found in fuel oil burners. This project developed fuel-flexible burners operating on biomass-derived liquid fuels with low carbon emissions....

  12. Flexibility in 21st Century Power Systems (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-10-01

    Flexibility of operation--the ability of a power system to respond to change in demand and supply--is a characteristic of all power systems. Flexibility is especially prized in twenty-first century power systems, with higher levels of grid-connected variable renewable energy (primarily, wind and solar). Sources of flexibility exist--and can be enhanced--across all of the physical and institutional elements of the power system, including system operations and markets, demand side resources and storage; generation; and transmission networks. Accessing flexibility requires significant planning to optimize investments and ensure that both short- and long-time power system requirements are met.

  13. Flexible Electronic Building Blocks DOI: 10.1002/anie.200703238

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    systems have led to enormous increases in speed, functionality, and computing capacity. This trend-ray imagers, flexible photovoltaic systems, paper-like displays, conformal structural health monitors

  14. Fuel-Flexible, Low-Emissions Catalytic Combustor for Opportunity...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Next Generation Manufacturing Processes project to develop a unique, fuel-flexible catalytic combustor capable of enabling ultra-low emission, lean premixed combustion of a wide...

  15. Fuel-Flexible Microturbine and Gasifier System for Combined Heat...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    fueled by synthesis gas and integrated with a biomass gasifier, enabling reduced fossil fuel consumption and carbon dioxide emissions. Fuel-Flexible Microturbine and Gasifier...

  16. Cross-ontological analytics for alignment of different classification schemes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Posse, Christian (Seattle, WA); Sanfilippo, Antonio P (Richland, WA); Gopalan, Banu (Cleveland, OH); Riensche, Roderick M (Richland, WA); Baddeley, Robert L (Richland, WA)

    2010-09-28

    Quantification of the similarity between nodes in multiple electronic classification schemes is provided by automatically identifying relationships and similarities between nodes within and across the electronic classification schemes. Quantifying the similarity between a first node in a first electronic classification scheme and a second node in a second electronic classification scheme involves finding a third node in the first electronic classification scheme, wherein a first product value of an inter-scheme similarity value between the second and third nodes and an intra-scheme similarity value between the first and third nodes is a maximum. A fourth node in the second electronic classification scheme can be found, wherein a second product value of an inter-scheme similarity value between the first and fourth nodes and an intra-scheme similarity value between the second and fourth nodes is a maximum. The maximum between the first and second product values represents a measure of similarity between the first and second nodes.

  17. Abstract--A mesochronous pipeline scheme is described in this paper. In a conventional pipeline scheme each pipeline stage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delgado-Frias, José G.

    Abstract-- A mesochronous pipeline scheme is described in this paper. In a conventional pipeline scheme each pipeline stage operates on only one data set at a time. In the mesochronous scheme, pipeline stages operate on multiple data sets simultaneously. The clock period in conventional pipeline scheme

  18. Packing of elastic wires in flexible shells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vetter, Roman; Herrmann, Hans J

    2015-01-01

    The packing problem of long thin filaments that are injected into confined spaces is of fundamental interest for physicists, biologists and materials engineers alike. How linear threads pack and coil is well known only for the ideal case of rigid containers, however. Here, we force long elastic rods into flexible spatial confinement borne by an elastic shell to examine under which conditions recently acquired knowledge on wire packing in rigid spheres breaks down. We find that unlike in rigid cavities, friction plays a key role by giving rise to the emergence of two distinct packing patterns. At low friction, the wire densely coils into an ordered toroidal bundle with semi-ellipsoidal cross section, while at high friction, it packs into a highly disordered, self-similar structure. These two morphologies are shown to be separated by a continuous phase transition.

  19. Packing of elastic wires in flexible shells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roman Vetter; Falk K. Wittel; Hans J. Herrmann

    2015-04-03

    The packing problem of long thin filaments that are injected into confined spaces is of fundamental interest for physicists, biologists and materials engineers alike. How linear threads pack and coil is well known only for the ideal case of rigid containers, however. Here, we force long elastic rods into flexible spatial confinement borne by an elastic shell to examine under which conditions recently acquired knowledge on wire packing in rigid spheres breaks down. We find that unlike in rigid cavities, friction plays a key role by giving rise to the emergence of two distinct packing patterns. At low friction, the wire densely coils into an ordered toroidal bundle with semi-ellipsoidal cross section, while at high friction, it packs into a highly disordered, self-similar structure. These two morphologies are shown to be separated by a continuous phase transition.

  20. Rapid pressure cycle effects on flexible pipe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, R.T.; Upchurch, J.L.; McMahan, J.M. Jr.

    1995-12-01

    The use of subsea satellite wells tied back to a central manifold unit is a field development concept currently being used by operating companies for staged production of either commingled oil or gas. Remote platform operated control systems that couple the satellite wells and manifold require that safe operating pressure cycle parameters be established for all subsea components. Because of start-up and shut-in procedures, extreme pressure variations in the form of rapid pressurization and depressurization must be considered. This paper describes the test procedures, equipment and results specific to the evaluation of high pressure non-bonded flexible pipe used for subsea production jumpers between satellite wells and manifold system. Recommendation of safe rates of pressurization and depressurization are included.

  1. Flexible ceramic gasket for SOFC generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zafred, Paolo (Murrysville, PA); Prevish, Thomas (Trafford, PA)

    2009-02-03

    A solid oxide fuel cell generator (10) contains stacks of hollow axially elongated fuel cells (36) having an open top end (37), an oxidant inlet plenum (52), a feed fuel plenum (11), a combustion chamber (94) for combusting reacted oxidant/spent fuel; and, optionally, a fuel recirculation chamber (106) below the combustion chamber (94), where the fuel recirculation chamber (94) is in part defined by semi-porous fuel cell positioning gasket (108), all within an outer generator enclosure (8), wherein the fuel cell gasket (108) has a laminate structure comprising at least a compliant fibrous mat support layer and a strong, yet flexible woven layer, which may contain catalytic particles facing the combustion chamber, where the catalyst, if used, is effective to further oxidize exhaust fuel and protect the open top end (37) of the fuel cells.

  2. Cryptographic Schemes based on Elliptic Curve Pairings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paterson, Kenny

    on Elliptic Curve Pairings: Contributions to Public Key Cryptography and Key Agreement Protocols This thesis are then used to make concrete CL-PKC schemes and are also used to make other efficient key agreement protocols. It does rely on the use of a trusted authority (TA) who is in possession of a master key. In this respect

  3. Analysis of modulation scheme using GNU Radio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Chansu

    1 Analysis of modulation scheme using GNU Radio By: Zeyu long Outline Introduce Project Goal QPSK CPFSK Resolute Project conclusion Project challenges Reference #12;2 Introduce (1) GNU radio: One of the most popular applications of Software Defined Radios Use C++ to write blocks Use python to connect

  4. AN ALGEBRAIC DESCRIPTION OF ITERATIVE DECODING SCHEMES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soljanin, Emina

    AN ALGEBRAIC DESCRIPTION OF ITERATIVE DECODING SCHEMES ELKE OFFER AND EMINA SOLJANIN Abstract University of Technology, D- 80290 Munich, Germany, elke@lnt.e-technik.tu-muenchen.de Mathematical Sciences Research Center, Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill, NJ 07974, USA. emina@lucent.com 1 #12;2 E

  5. BRAZIL VISITING FELLOWSHIP SCHEME Application Form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    BRAZIL VISITING FELLOWSHIP SCHEME Application Form APPLICATIONS SHOULD BE TYPEWRITTEN AND BOXES of attendance Qualifications awarded and class of Honours, etc. Principal Subject(s) taken #12;BRAZIL VISITING): Date(s) From To To Nature of work and Position held Name and address of employer #12;BRAZIL VISITING

  6. Embedded Correlated Wavefunction Schemes: Theory and Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florian, Libisch

    of fuel cell catalysis (i.e., O2 reduction at metal surfaces) and plasmon-mediated photocatalysis by metalEmbedded Correlated Wavefunction Schemes: Theory and Applications Florian Libisch, Chen Huang, and Emily A. Carter*,§ Institute for Theoretical Physics, Vienna University of Technology, 1040 Vienna

  7. Rigid versus Flexible Ligands on Carbon Nanotubes for the Enhanced Sensitivity of Cobalt Ions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gou, Pingping; Kraut, Nadine D.; Feigel, Ian Matthew; Star, Alexander

    2013-02-26

    Carbon nanotubes have shown great promise in the fabrication of ultra-compact and highly sensitive chemical and biological sensors. Additional chemical functionalization schemes can controllably improve selectivity of the carbon nanotube-based sensors; however the exact transduction mechanism is still under debate. In this article we detail the synthesis and selective response of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) functionalized with polyazomethine (PAM) polymer towards the application of a specific trace metal ion detector. The response of the polymer system was compared to shape persistent macrocycle (MAC) comprised of identical ion coordination ligands. While ion detection with rigid MAC/SWNT chemiresistor was comparable to bare SWNT, flexible PAM offers significant SWNT signal amplification, allowing for picomolar detection of Co{sup 2+} ions with both selectivity and a fast response. We hypothesized that rearrangement of the flexible PAM on the SWNT network is a sensing mechanism which allows for ultrasensitive detection of metal ions. The electron transfer and polymer rearrangement on the SWNT was studied by a combination of optical spectroscopy and electrical measurements ? ultimately allowing for a better understanding of fundamental mechanisms that prompt device response.

  8. xMDFF: molecular dynamics flexible fitting of low-resolution X-ray structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGreevy, Ryan; Singharoy, Abhishek; Li, Qufei; Zhang, Jingfen; Xu, Dong; Perozo, Eduardo; Schulten, Klaus

    2014-09-01

    A new real-space refinement method for low-resolution X-ray crystallography is presented. The method is based on the molecular dynamics flexible fitting protocol targeted at addressing large-scale deformations of the search model to achieve refinement with minimal manual intervention. An explanation of the method is provided, augmented by results from the refinement of both synthetic and experimental low-resolution data, including an independent electrophysiological verification of the xMDFF-refined crystal structure of a voltage-sensor protein. X-ray crystallography remains the most dominant method for solving atomic structures. However, for relatively large systems, the availability of only medium-to-low-resolution diffraction data often limits the determination of all-atom details. A new molecular dynamics flexible fitting (MDFF)-based approach, xMDFF, for determining structures from such low-resolution crystallographic data is reported. xMDFF employs a real-space refinement scheme that flexibly fits atomic models into an iteratively updating electron-density map. It addresses significant large-scale deformations of the initial model to fit the low-resolution density, as tested with synthetic low-resolution maps of d-ribose-binding protein. xMDFF has been successfully applied to re-refine six low-resolution protein structures of varying sizes that had already been submitted to the Protein Data Bank. Finally, via systematic refinement of a series of data from 3.6 to 7 Å resolution, xMDFF refinements together with electrophysiology experiments were used to validate the first all-atom structure of the voltage-sensing protein Ci-VSP.

  9. Flexpad: Highly Flexible Bending Interactions for Projected Handheld Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flexpad: Highly Flexible Bending Interactions for Projected Handheld Displays Jürgen Steimle MIT of plain paper or foam into flexible, highly deformable, and spatially aware handheld displays. We present application examples: curved cross-cuts in volumetric images, deforming virtual paper characters, and slicing

  10. Numerical Study of Flexible Flapping Wing Propulsion and Mingjun Wei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Mingjun

    Numerical Study of Flexible Flapping Wing Propulsion Tao Yang and Mingjun Wei New Mexico State highly flexible flapping wings interacting with fluid flows. Here, the fluid motion, solid motion necessary flapping mechanism, control cells are implemented in solid area (i.e., the wing) as "skeleton

  11. Can Nuclear Power Be Flexible? Laurent POURET + William J. NUTTALL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    1 Can Nuclear Power Be Flexible? Laurent POURET + William J. NUTTALL Judge Business School the issue of whether nuclear power can play a flexible role within an electricity system. It does not deal with the issue of whether nuclear power should play such a role, but it does examine why in most cases it does

  12. Fluid structure interaction in flexible Christina Grigoria Giannopapa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    Fluid structure interaction in flexible vessels Christina Grigoria Giannopapa Thesis submitted with the study of fluid-structure interaction in flexible tubes both from the modelling as well as the experimental point of view. More specifically, it presents the first stage of development and testing

  13. OTC 19901 1 Fiberoptic Gas Monitoring of Flexible Risers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , such as strain and temperature monitoring, will give unprecedented insight into the field service conditionsOTC 19901 1 1 19901 Fiberoptic Gas Monitoring of Flexible Risers Nick Weppenaar, NKT Flexibles presents a new advancement within the field of optical gas measurement with applications to the monitoring

  14. Ris Energy Report 4 Flexibility, stability and security of energy supply 7 Flexibility, stability and security of energy supply

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø Energy Report 4 Flexibility, stability and security of energy supply 7 Flexibility, stability and security of energy supply POUL SøRENSEN, PETER mEIbOm, PER NøRGåRD, RISø NATIONAL LAbORATORy, DENmARK tion generation and renewable energy increases. West Denmark The West Danish power system is synchronously

  15. Central auditory neurons display flexible feature recombination1 Running head: Flexible logic of central auditory neurons3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gentner, Timothy

    these operations in individual neurons, violating the fixed neuron-to-38 computation mapping posited in the state but are generic, the flexible neuron-to-computation mapping43 demonstrated in this study in the auditory system1 Central auditory neurons display flexible feature recombination1 functions2 Running head

  16. The Scheme of Beam Synchronization in MEIC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Yuhong; Derbenev, Yaroslav S.; Hutton, Andrew M.

    2013-06-01

    Synchronizing colliding beams at single or multiple collision points is a critical R&D issue in the design of a medium energy electron-ion collider (MEIC) at Jefferson Lab. The path-length variation due to changes in the ion energy, which varies over 20 to 100 GeV, could be more than several times the bunch spacing. The scheme adopted in the present MEIC baseline is centered on varying the number of bunches (i.e., harmonic number) stored in the collider ring. This could provide a set of discrete energies for proton or ions such that the beam synchronization condition is satisfied. To cover the ion energy between these synchronized values, we further propose to vary simultaneously the electron ring circumference and the frequency of the RF systems in both collider rings. We also present in this paper the requirement of frequency tunability of SRF cavities to support the scheme.

  17. Exact scheme independence at two loops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefano Arnone; Antonio Gatti; Tim R. Morris; Oliver J. Rosten

    2003-11-11

    We further develop an algorithmic and diagrammatic computational framework for very general exact renormalization groups, where the embedded regularisation scheme, parametrised by a general cutoff function and infinitely many higher point vertices, is left unspecified. Calculations proceed iteratively,by integrating by parts with respect to the effective cutoff, thus introducing effective propagators, and differentials of vertices that can be expanded using the flow equations; many cancellations occur on using the fact that the effective propagator is the inverse of the classical Wilsonian two-point vertex. We demonstrate the power of these methods by computing the beta function up to two loops in massless four dimensional scalar field theory, obtaining the expected universal coefficients, independent of the details of the regularisation scheme.

  18. Catalytic Combustor for Fuel-Flexible Turbine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laster, W. R.; Anoshkina, E.

    2008-01-31

    Under the sponsorship of the U. S. Department of Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory, Siemens Westinghouse has conducted a three-year program to develop an ultra low NOx, fuel flexible catalytic combustor for gas turbine application in IGCC. The program is defined in three phases: Phase 1- Implementation Plan, Phase 2- Validation Testing and Phase 3 – Field Testing. Both Phase 1 and Phase 2 of the program have been completed. In IGCC power plants, the gas turbine must be capable of operating on syngas as a primary fuel and an available back-up fuel such as natural gas. In this program the Rich Catalytic Lean (RCLTM) technology is being developed as an ultra low NOx combustor. In this concept, ultra low NOx is achieved by stabilizing a lean premix combustion process by using a catalytic reactor to oxidize a portion of the fuel, increasing the temperature of fuel/air mixture prior to the main combustion zone. In Phase 1, the feasibility of the catalytic concept for syngas application has been evaluated and the key technology issues identified. In Phase II the technology necessary for the application of the catalytic concept to IGCC fuels was developed through detailed design and subscale testing. Phase III (currently not funded) will consist of full-scale combustor basket testing on natural gas and syngas.

  19. Catalytic Combustor for Fuel-Flexible Turbine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    W. R. Laster; E. Anoshkina

    2008-01-31

    Under the sponsorship of the U. S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory, Siemens Westinghouse has conducted a three-year program to develop an ultra low NOx, fuel flexible catalytic combustor for gas turbine application in IGCC. The program is defined in three phases: Phase 1 - Implementation Plan, Phase 2 - Validation Testing and Phase 3 - Field Testing. Both Phase 1 and Phase 2 of the program have been completed. In IGCC power plants, the gas turbine must be capable of operating on syngas as a primary fuel and an available back-up fuel such as natural gas. In this program the Rich Catalytic Lean (RCLTM) technology is being developed as an ultra low NOx combustor. In this concept, ultra low NOx is achieved by stabilizing a lean premix combustion process by using a catalytic reactor to oxidize a portion of the fuel, increasing the temperature of fuel/air mixture prior to the main combustion zone. In Phase 1, the feasibility of the catalytic concept for syngas application has been evaluated and the key technology issues identified. In Phase II the technology necessary for the application of the catalytic concept to IGCC fuels was developed through detailed design and subscale testing. Phase III (currently not funded) will consist of full-scale combustor basket testing on natural gas and syngas.

  20. Catalytic Combustor for Fuel-Flexible Turbine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    W. R. Laster; E. Anoshkina; P. Szedlacsek

    2006-03-31

    Under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory, Siemens Westinghouse is conducting a three-year program to develop an ultra low NOx, fuel flexible catalytic combustor for gas turbine application in IGCC. The program is defined in three phases: Phase 1-Implementation Plan, Phase 2-Validation Testing and Phase 3-Field Testing. The Phase 1 program has been completed. Phase II was initiated in October 2004. In IGCC power plants, the gas turbine must be capable of operating on syngas as a primary fuel and an available back-up fuel such as natural gas. In this program the Rich Catalytic Lean (RCL{trademark}) technology is being developed as an ultra low NOx combustor. In this concept, ultra low NOx is achieved by stabilizing a lean premix combustion process by using a catalytic reactor to react part of the fuel, increasing the fuel/air mixture temperature. In Phase 1, the feasibility of the catalytic concept for syngas application has been evaluated and the key technology issues identified. In Phase II the catalytic concept will be demonstrated through subscale testing. Phase III will consist of full-scale combustor basket testing on natural gas and syngas.

  1. Microfluidic Brain Slice Chambers and Flexible Microelectrode Arrays for in vitro Localized Stimulation and Spatial Mapping of Neural Activities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Yujie

    2012-01-01

    in biocompatible flexible electronics. To record corticalthat is suitable for flexible electronics interconnects(KimThe marriage of flexible electronics and 3D low impedance

  2. High-precision transfer-printing and integration of vertically oriented semiconductor arrays for flexible

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    transfer printing, nanowires, flexible electronics, printable electronics, nanoscale devices ABSTRACT Flexible electronics utilizing single crystalline semiconductors typically require post-growth processes devices. High performance electronics on flexible substrates have been gaining attention from research

  3. Approved for Public Release, Distribution Unlimited Flexible and large area electronics (macroelectronics) using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alam, Muhammad A.

    Approved for Public Release, Distribution Unlimited 1 Flexible and large area electronics high performance applications to include RF systems. Keywords--Flexible electronics, large area electronics, macroelectronics, thin film transistors I. INTRODUCTION Flexible and large area electronics using

  4. Inorganic semiconductor nanomaterials for flexible and stretchable bio-integrated electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    -integrated electronics; flexible electronics; semiconductor nanomaterials; stretchable electronics; transfer printing flexible/stretchable electronics, in which semiconductor nanomaterials serve as the active componentsREVIEW Inorganic semiconductor nanomaterials for flexible and stretchable bio

  5. second-order convex splitting schemes for gradient flows with ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-11-08

    unconditional stability, second order scheme, convex-concave decomposition, epitaxial growth, Ehrlich-. Schwoebel type energy. AMS subject classifications.

  6. Flexible collapse-resistant and length-stable vaccum hose

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kashy, David H.

    2003-08-19

    A hose for containing a vacuum, which hose has an impermeable flexible tube capable of holding a vacuum and a braided or interwoven flexible interior wall, said wall providing support to said interior wall of said impermeable flexible tube. Optionally, an exterior braided or woven wall may be provided to the hose for protection or to allow the hose to be used as a pressure hose. The hose may delimit a vacuum space through which may travel a thermal transfer line containing, for example, cryogenic fluid.

  7. Optimal Multiple Assignments with (,)-Scheme for General Access Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Optimal Multiple Assignments with (,)-Scheme for General Access Structures Qiang Li, Xiangxue Li to construct an optimal multiple assignment with threshold schemes for general access structure. In this paper the values of either 0 or 1. We also show that given a complete access structure, an optimal scheme may

  8. Compiler Construction Using Scheme Erik Hilsdale J. Michael Ashley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dybvig, R. Kent

    Compiler Construction Using Scheme Erik Hilsdale J. Michael Ashley R. Kent Dybvig Daniel P {ehilsdal,jashley,dyb,dfried}@cs.indiana.edu Abstract This paper describes a course in compiler design that focuses on the Scheme implementation of a Scheme compiler that generates native assembly code for a real

  9. Data Distribution Schemes of Sparse Arrays on Distributed Memory Multicomputers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Yeh-Ching

    (CFS) and Encoding-Decoding (ED), for sparse array distribution. In the CFS scheme, the data are performed before and after the data distribution phase, respectively. To evaluate the CFS and the ED schemes. In theoretical analysis, we analyze the SFC, the CFS, and the ED schemes in terms of the data distribution time

  10. A Subject-Delegated Decryption Scheme with "Tightly" Limited Authority

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    A Subject-Delegated Decryption Scheme with "Tightly" Limited Authority Lihua Wang1 , Takeshi@cs.tsukuba.ac.jp Abstract. In this paper, we present a new proxy cryptosystem named subject-delegated decryption scheme subjects. The advantage of our scheme is that the proxy authorities are tightly limited ("Tightly" Limited

  11. Jet schemes of rational double point singularities Hussein MOURTADA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jet schemes of rational double point singularities Hussein MOURTADA September 30, 2012 Abstract We prove that for m N, m big enough, the number of irreducble components of the schemes of m-jets centered of the jet schemes of an E6 singularity to its "minimal" embedded resolutions of singularities. 1

  12. Jet schemes of rational double point singularities Hussein Mourtada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bodin, Arnaud

    Jet schemes of rational double point singularities Hussein Mourtada Abstract. We prove that for m N, m big enough, the number of irreducible compo- nents of the schemes of m-jets centered at a point on the minimal reso- lution of the singularity. We also relate some irreducible components of the jet schemes

  13. Performance Analysis of Bicycle Hire schemes Chris Guenther, Jeremy Bradley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imperial College, London

    Performance Analysis of Bicycle Hire schemes Chris Guenther, Jeremy Bradley Department of Computing, Imperial College London Bike hire schemes Over past few years, city bicycle hire schemes have emerged occu- pancy, i.e. Bicycle availability at starting stations Parking space availability at destinations

  14. Tracking Provenance in ORNL's Flexible Research Platforms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hensley, Zachary P; Sanyal, Jibonananda; New, Joshua Ryan

    2013-08-01

    Provenance is dened as information about the origin of objects, a concept that applies to both physical and digital objects and often overlaps both. The use of provenance in systems designed for research is an important but forgotten feature. Provenance allows for proper and exact tracking of information, its use, its lineage, its derivations and other metadata that are important for correctly adhering to the scien- tic method. In our project's prescribed use of provenance, researchers can determine detailed information about the use of sensor data in their experiments on ORNL's Flexible Research Platforms (FRPs). Our project's provenance system, Provenance Data Management System (ProvDMS), tracks information starting with the creation of information by an FRP sensor. The system determines station information, sensor information, and sensor channel information. The system allows researchers to derive generations of experiments from the sensor data and tracks their hierarchical flow. Key points can be seen in the history of the information as part of the information's workflow. The concept of provenance and its usage in science is relatively new and while used in other cases around the world, our project's provenance diers in a key area. To keep track of provenance, most systems must be designed or redesigned around the new provenance system. Our system is designed as a cohesive but sepa- rate entity and allows for researchers to continue using their own methods of analysis without being constrained in their ways in order to track the provenance. We have designed ProvDMS using a lightweight provenance library, Core Provenance Library (CPL) v.6 In addition to keeping track of sensor data experiments and its provenance, ProvDMS also provides a web-enabled visualization of the inheritance.

  15. 2012-2013 Keywords: Routing and spectrum allocation (RSA), flexible optical networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varvarigo, Emmanouel "Manos"

    , "Conserving Transmission Power in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks" #12;), flexible optical networks WDM (FWDM) . (RSA) (RWA). FWDM Matlab. 2: Keywords: Routing and spectrum allocation (RSA), flexible optical networks

  16. Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 12: Capacity and Flexibility Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ..................................................................................................................................... 2 Power System Requirements: Capacity, Energy, and FlexibilitySixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 12: Capacity and Flexibility Resources................................................... 2 Capacity: Meeting Peak Demand

  17. Transfer and characterization of silicon nanomembrane based photonic devices on flexible polyimide substrate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    Transfer and characterization of silicon nanomembrane based photonic devices on flexible polyimide nanomembrane based photonic devices on a Kapton polyimide flexible substrate. Compared with electronic devices

  18. Extending and Characterizing Fuel Flexibility in Small-Scale Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCoy, Christopher David

    2013-01-01

    Fuel Flexibility in Small Scale Power Systems – Chapter 1 – Introduction dual-Fuel Flexibility in Small Scale Power Systems – Chapter 2 – Theory Figure 56: a dual

  19. Optimally Controlled Flexible Fuel Powertrain System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hakan Yilmaz; Mark Christie; Anna Stefanopoulou

    2010-12-31

    The primary objective of this project was to develop a true Flex Fuel Vehicle capable of running on any blend of ethanol from 0 to 85% with reduced penalty in usable vehicle range. A research and development program, targeting 10% improvement in fuel economy using a direct injection (DI) turbocharged spark ignition engine was conducted. In this project a gasoline-optimized high-technology engine was considered and the hardware and configuration modifications were defined for the engine, fueling system, and air path. Combined with a novel engine control strategy, control software, and calibration this resulted in a highly efficient and clean FFV concept. It was also intended to develop robust detection schemes of the ethanol content in the fuel integrated with adaptive control algorithms for optimized turbocharged direct injection engine combustion. The approach relies heavily on software-based adaptation and optimization striving for minimal modifications to the gasoline-optimized engine hardware system. Our ultimate objective was to develop a compact control methodology that takes advantage of any ethanol-based fuel mixture and not compromise the engine performance under gasoline operation.

  20. Flexible aerogel composite for mechanical stability and process of fabrication

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Coronado, Paul R. (Livermore, CA); Poco, John F. (Livermore, CA)

    2000-01-01

    A flexible aerogel and process of fabrication. An aerogel solution is mixed with fibers in a mold and allowed to gel. The gel is then processed by supercritical extraction, or by air drying, to produce a flexible aerogel formed to the shape of the mold. The flexible aerogel has excellent thermal and acoustic properties, and can be utilized in numerous applications, such as for energy absorption, insulation (temperature and acoustic), to meet the contours of aircraft shapes, and where space is limited since an inch of aerogel is a 4-5 times better insulator than an inch of fiberglass. The flexible aerogel may be of an inorganic (silica) type or an organic (carbon) type, but containing fibers, such as glass or carbon fibers.

  1. Flexible aerogel composite for mechanical stability and process of fabrication

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Coronado, Paul R. (Livermore, CA); Poco, John F. (Livermore, CA)

    1999-01-01

    A flexible aerogel and process of fabrication. An aerogel solution is mixed with fibers in a mold and allowed to gel. The gel is then processed by supercritical extraction, or by air drying, to produce a flexible aerogel formed to the shape of the mold. The flexible aerogel has excellent thermal and acoustic properties, and can be utilized in numerous applications, such as for energy absorption, insulation (temperature and acoustic), to meet the contours of aircraft shapes, and where space is limited since an inch of aerogel is a 4-5 times better insulator than an inch of fiberglass. The flexible aerogel may be of an inorganic (silica) type or an organic (carbon) type, but containing fibers, such as glass or carbon fibers.

  2. Apparatus and method for detecting tampering in flexible structures

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Maxey, Lonnie C. (Knoxville, TN); Haynes, Howard D. (Knoxville, TN)

    2011-02-01

    A system for monitoring or detecting tampering in a flexible structure includes taking electrical measurements on a sensing cable coupled to the structure, performing spectral analysis on the measured data, and comparing the spectral characteristics of the event to those of known benign and/or known suspicious events. A threshold or trigger value may used to identify an event of interest and initiate data collection. Alternatively, the system may be triggered at preset intervals, triggered manually, or triggered by a signal from another sensing device such as a motion detector. The system may be used to monitor electrical cables and conduits, hoses and flexible ducts, fences and other perimeter control devices, structural cables, flexible fabrics, and other flexible structures.

  3. A flexible browsing framework for the Morpheus transform repository

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dohzen, Tiffany (Tiffany Kumi)

    2007-01-01

    This thesis describes the design and implementation of a flexible browsing framework for the Morpheus project. The goal of the Morpheus project is to address the problem of heterogeneous information integration by providing ...

  4. Designing a flexible supply chain for new product launch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ha, Wei-Kwan Benjamin

    2005-01-01

    This thesis examines how companies tactically design flexible supply chains for new product launches. The research focus is on different strategies and tactics used by original equipment manufacturers to improve supply ...

  5. The Effects of Geometry on Flexible Duct CFD Simulations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ugursal, A.; Culp, C.

    2008-01-01

    dynamics (CFD) simulations allow variable configurations and are emerging as an alternative to laboratory measurements. Issues with the CFD simulations of flexible ducts have been modeling the complex geometry and the computational requirements to complete...

  6. Numerical Study of Flexible Flapping Wing Propulsion , Mingjun Wei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Mingjun

    Numerical Study of Flexible Flapping Wing Propulsion Tao Yang , Mingjun Wei New Mexico State in 1912.4 The Knoller-Betz effect was verified experimentally in a wind tunnel by Katzmayr in 1922

  7. Flexibility in transportation procurement : a real options approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhelev, Georgi Zhelev, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Shippers who use for-hire carriers need a careful estimation of their need for trucking capacity in order to be able to haul products in a timely and cost-effective manner. This thesis outlines a flexible approach to ...

  8. Modeling of Refrigerant Flow Through Flexible Short Tube Orifices 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohamed, Ramadan

    2000-01-01

    Single-phase flow of refrigerants R-22, R-13a, and R-41a through flexible short tube orifices with three different geometries and a range in upstream operating conditions was modeling using the finite element method, FEM. ...

  9. Adaptive tool selection strategies for drilling in flexible manufacturing systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chander, Karthik Balachandran

    2004-09-30

    ) layout. The system designed serves as back end intelligence to drilling machines (INTELLIDRILL) in a Flexible Manufacturing System for making dynamic and real time decisions. INTELLIDRILL uses mathematical and adaptive tool reliability models to simulate...

  10. BIOMECHANICS OF FLEXIBLE JOINTS IN THE CALCIFIED SEAWEED CALLIARTHRON CHEILOSPORIOIDES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denny, Mark

    BIOMECHANICS OF FLEXIBLE JOINTS IN THE CALCIFIED SEAWEED CALLIARTHRON CHEILOSPORIOIDES evolution. In this dissertation, I explore the biomechanics and tissue construction of genicula features found in terrestrial plant xylem but unknown in marine algae. By exploring the biomechanics

  11. Biomechanical consequences of branching in flexible wave-swept macroalgae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martone, Patrick T.

    Biomechanical consequences of branching in flexible wave-swept macroalgae Samuel Starko1,2 *, Barry Key words: biomechanics, dislodgement, drag, evolution, hydrodynamics, intertidal, macroalgae. Branching has clear biomechanical consequences, increasing drag and the need for increased attachment

  12. Controlling memory and resolving interference : prefrontal contributions to flexible behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badre, David

    2005-01-01

    Flow does the brain meet shifting task demands? The experiments and formal theoretical framework presented in this dissertation characterize the cognitive and neural processes by which flexible performance is enabled during ...

  13. Fully portable, highly flexible dilution refrigerator systems for neutron scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    775 Fully portable, highly flexible dilution refrigerator systems for neutron scattering P. A systems developed specifically for neutron scattering environ- ments. The refrigerators are completely relatively recently however, the lowest temperatures available in almost all neutron scattering laboratories

  14. NREL: Awards and Honors - Lightweight, Flexible, Thin-Film CIGS...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to them, for example, the CIGS systems: Are lighter, more flexible and portable; Are more efficient and reliable; Have two to three times the power-to-weight ratio; Have more than...

  15. A Flexible Integrated Architecture For Generating Poetic Texts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manurung, Hisar; Ritchie, Graeme; Thompson, Henry

    2000-01-01

    In this paper we describe a flexible approach to natural language generation that employs a stochastic hillclimbing search algorithm and an integrated architecture. We then discuss the benefits of this approach over existing, ...

  16. Flexible Fuel Vehicles: Providing a Renewable Fuel Choice

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clean Cities

    2010-03-01

    Flexible fuel vehicles can operate on either gasoline or E85, a mixture of 85% ethanol and 15% gasoline. The fact sheet discusses the costs, benefits, and vehicle performance of using E85.

  17. Development of Barrier Films for Packaging Flexible Electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Suman

    Pum, Applied Materials, SRC #12;3/23/15 2 Solid State Lighting Flexible Challenges for Other Devices Exposure to moisture can cause degradaPon in both OLED CIGS Requirement of OLEDs Food / PharmaceuDcal packaging Commercial polymer

  18. SUBSIDY ENERGY EMPLOYEES TRANSIT (SEET)

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterestedReplacement-2-AA-1 SECTION JSTEM-ing the Tide STEM-ing the TideSTEPSANDSUBSIDY

  19. Exact scheme independence at one loop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefano Arnone; Antonio Gatti; Tim R. Morris

    2002-06-10

    The requirement that the quantum partition function be invariant under a renormalization group transformation results in a wide class of exact renormalization group equations, differing in the form of the kernel. Physical quantities should not be sensitive to the particular choice of the kernel. We demonstrate this scheme independence in four dimensional scalar field theory by showing that, even with a general kernel, the one-loop beta function may be expressed only in terms of the effective action vertices, and thus, under very general conditions, the universal result is recovered.

  20. Exact scheme independence at one loop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnone, S; Morris, T R; Arnone, Stefano; Gatti, Antonio; Morris, Tim R.

    2002-01-01

    The requirement that the quantum partition function be invariant under a renormalization group transformation results in a wide class of exact renormalization group equations, differing in the form of the kernel. Physical quantities should not be sensitive to the particular choice of the kernel. We demonstrate this scheme independence in four dimensional scalar field theory by showing that, even with a general kernel, the one-loop beta function may be expressed only in terms of the effective action vertices, and thus, under very general conditions, the universal result is recovered.

  1. CLASSIFICATION OF FIRST-ORDER FLEXIBLE REGULAR BICYCLE POLYGONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connelly, Robert

    CLASSIFICATION OF FIRST-ORDER FLEXIBLE REGULAR BICYCLE POLYGONS ROBERT CONNELLY AND BAL´AZS CSIK´OS Abstract. A bicycle (n, k)-gon is an equilateral n-gon whose k-diagonals are equal. S. Tabachnikov proved that a regular n-gon is first-order flexible as a bicycle (n, k)-gon if and only if there is an integer 2 r n

  2. Balancing of high speed, flexible rotating shafts across critical speeds 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Gary Paul

    1977-01-01

    BALANCING OF HIGH SPEED, FLEXIBLE ROTATING SHAFTS ACROSS CRITICAL SPEEDS A Thesis by Gary Paul White Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 1977 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering Gary Paul White 1977 BALANCING OF HIGH SPEED, FLEXIBLE ROTATING SHAFTS ACROSS CRITICAL SPEEDS A Thesis by GARY PAUL WHITE Approved as to style and content by: Head of Department Member August...

  3. Flexible Fuel Vehicles: Providing a Renewable Fuel Choice (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-03-01

    Flexible Fuel vehicles are able to operate using more than one type of fuel. FFVs can be fueled with unleaded gasoline, E85, or any combination of the two. Today more than 7 million vehicles on U.S. highways are flexible fuel vehicles. The fact sheet discusses how E85 affects vehicle performance, the costs and benefits of using E85, and how to find E85 station locations.

  4. Controlled Assembly of High Density SWNT Networks on a Flexible Parylene-C C.-L. Chen1,*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dokmeci, Mehmet

    substrates has immediate applications in wearable electronics and sensors, flexible field effect transistors desirable to fabricate integrated nanotube- polymer flexible electronic devices at room temperature devices on flexible substrates potentially useful in numerous fields including flexible electronics

  5. Fuel Flexible Turbine System (FFTS) Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-12-31

    In this fuel flexible turbine system (FFTS) program, the Parker gasification system was further optimized, fuel composition of biomass gasification process was characterized and the feasibility of running Capstone MicroTurbine(TM) systems with gasification syngas fuels was evaluated. With high hydrogen content, the gaseous fuel from a gasification process of various feed stocks such as switchgrass and corn stover has high reactivity and high flashback propensity when running in the current lean premixed injectors. The research concluded that the existing C65 microturbine combustion system, which is designed for natural gas, is not able to burn the high hydrogen content syngas due to insufficient resistance to flashback (undesired flame propagation to upstream within the fuel injector). A comprehensive literature review was conducted on high-hydrogen fuel combustion and its main issues. For Capstone?s lean premixed injector, the main mechanisms of flashback were identified to be boundary layer flashback and bulk flow flashback. Since the existing microturbine combustion system is not able to operate on high-hydrogen syngas fuels, new hardware needed to be developed. The new hardware developed and tested included (1) a series of injectors with a reduced propensity for boundary layer flashback and (2) two new combustion liner designs (Combustion Liner Design A and B) that lead to desired primary zone air flow split to meet the overall bulk velocity requirement to mitigate the risk of core flashback inside the injectors. The new injector designs were evaluated in both test apparatus and C65/C200 engines. While some of the new injector designs did not provide satisfactory performance in burning target syngas fuels, particularly in improving resistance to flashback. The combustion system configuration of FFTS-4 injector and Combustion Liner Design A was found promising to enable the C65 microturbine system to run on high hydrogen biomass syngas. The FFTS-4 injector was tested in a C65 engine operating on 100% hydrogen and with the redesigned combustion liner - Combustion Liner Design A - installed. The results were promising for the FFTS program as the system was able to burn 100% hydrogen fuel without flashback while maintaining good combustion performance. While initial results have been demonstrated the feasibility of this program, further research is needed to determine whether these results will be repeated with FFTS-4 injectors installed in all injector ports and over a wide range of operating conditions and fuel variations.

  6. A Flexible ADMM Algorithm for Big Data Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-03-23

    (e.g., optimal control in natural gas networks [24]), generally they are unable to .... scheme between groups, and a Jacobi updating scheme on the individual ... The function fi is strongly convex with strong convexity constant µi > 0 for i = 1,...,n.

  7. Coupling Schemes in Terahertz Planar Metamaterials

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Roy Chowdhury, Dibakar; Singh, Ranjan; Taylor, Antoinette J.; Chen, Hou-Tong; Zhang, Weili; Azad, Abul K.

    2012-01-01

    We present a review of the different coupling schemes in a planar array of terahertz metamaterials. The gap-to-gap near-field capacitive coupling between split-ring resonators in a unit cell leads to either blue shift or red shift of the fundamental inductive-capacitive (LC) resonance, depending on the position of the split gap. The inductive coupling is enhanced by decreasing the inter resonator distance resulting in strong blue shifts of theLCresonance. We observe theLCresonance tuning only when the split-ring resonators are in close proximity of each other; otherwise, they appear to be uncoupled. Conversely, the higher-order resonances are sensitive to the smallest changemore »in the inter particle distance or split-ring resonator orientation and undergo tremendous resonance line reshaping giving rise to a sharp subradiant resonance mode which produces hot spots useful for sensing applications. Most of the coupling schemes in a metamaterial are based on a near-field effect, though there also exists a mechanism to couple the resonators through the excitation of lowest-order lattice mode which facilitates the long-range radiative or diffractive coupling in the split-ring resonator plane leading to resonance line narrowing of the fundamental as well as the higher order resonance modes.« less

  8. Finite-difference schemes for anisotropic diffusion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Es, Bram van; Koren, Barry; Blank, Hugo J. de

    2014-09-01

    In fusion plasmas diffusion tensors are extremely anisotropic due to the high temperature and large magnetic field strength. This causes diffusion, heat conduction, and viscous momentum loss, to effectively be aligned with the magnetic field lines. This alignment leads to different values for the respective diffusive coefficients in the magnetic field direction and in the perpendicular direction, to the extent that heat diffusion coefficients can be up to 10{sup 12} times larger in the parallel direction than in the perpendicular direction. This anisotropy puts stringent requirements on the numerical methods used to approximate the MHD-equations since any misalignment of the grid may cause the perpendicular diffusion to be polluted by the numerical error in approximating the parallel diffusion. Currently the common approach is to apply magnetic field-aligned coordinates, an approach that automatically takes care of the directionality of the diffusive coefficients. This approach runs into problems at x-points and at points where there is magnetic re-connection, since this causes local non-alignment. It is therefore useful to consider numerical schemes that are tolerant to the misalignment of the grid with the magnetic field lines, both to improve existing methods and to help open the possibility of applying regular non-aligned grids. To investigate this, in this paper several discretization schemes are developed and applied to the anisotropic heat diffusion equation on a non-aligned grid.

  9. High Order Upwind Schemes for Multidimensional Magnetohydrodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Londrillo; L. Del Zanna

    1999-10-05

    A general method for constructing high order upwind schemes for multidimensional magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), having as a main built-in condition the divergence-free constraint $\\divb=0$ for the magnetic field vector $\\bb$, is proposed. The suggested procedure is based on {\\em consistency} arguments, by taking into account the specific operator structure of MHD equations with respect to the reference Euler equations of gas-dynamics. This approach leads in a natural way to a staggered representation of the $\\bb$ field numerical data where the divergence-free condition in the cell-averaged form, corresponding to second order accurate numerical derivatives, is exactly fulfilled. To extend this property to higher order schemes, we then give general prescriptions to satisfy a $(r+1)^{th}$ order accurate $\\divb=0$ relation for any numerical $\\bb$ field having a $r^{th}$ order interpolation accuracy. Consistency arguments lead also to a proper formulation of the upwind procedures needed to integrate the induction equations, assuring the exact conservation in time of the divergence-free condition and the related continuity properties for the $\\bb$ vector components. As an application, a third order code to simulate multidimensional MHD flows of astrophysical interest is developed using ENO-based reconstruction algorithms. Several test problems to illustrate and validate the proposed approach are finally presented.

  10. Can Quantum Entanglement Detection Schemes Improve Search?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luís Tarrataca; Andreas Wichert

    2015-02-06

    Quantum computation, in particular Grover's algorithm, has aroused a great deal of interest since it allows for a quadratic speedup to be obtained in search procedures. Classical search procedures for an $N$ element database require at most $O(N)$ time complexity. Grover's algorithm is able to find a solution with high probability in $O(\\sqrt{N})$ time through an amplitude amplification scheme. In this work we draw elements from both classical and quantum computation to develop an alternative search proposal based on quantum entanglement detection schemes. In 2002, Horodecki and Ekert proposed an efficient method for direct detection of quantum entanglement. Our proposition to quantum search combines quantum entanglement detection alongside entanglement inducing operators. Grover's quantum search relies on measuring a quantum superposition after having applied a unitary evolution. We deviate from the standard method by focusing on fine-tuning a unitary operator in order to infer the solution with certainty. Our proposal sacrifices space for speed and depends on the mathematical properties of linear positive maps $\\Lambda$ which have not been operationally characterized. Whether such a $\\Lambda$ can be easily determined remains an open question.

  11. Evaluation of a vibration source detection scheme

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jendrzejczyk, J.A.; Wambsganss, M.W.; Smith, R.K.

    1992-04-01

    When the Advanced Photon Source (APS) facility is commissioned, there will be many potential sources of local ground motion excitation (near-field sources). Some of these may be of sufficient amplitude and at a specific frequency so as to be detrimental to the stability of the storage ring beamline. A sampling of possible sources is as follows: 2500-hp chillers in the utility building; six cooling-tower fans that are powered by 75-hp electric motors; various water circulation pumps; power supplies, controllers, and transformers; and air-handling units and associated fans. To detect equipment that causes excessive ground excitation at a site as large as the APS, it will be necessary to have a validated source detection scheme. When performing low-amplitude vibration testing in and around Building 335 of Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), we observed a cyclic 8-Hz vibration. The cyclic nature of the signal is apparent in Fig. 1, which represents data measured on the floor at the main level of Building 335 on March 31, 1992. A simple vibration source location scheme, based on triangulation, was evaluated as a means to locate the source of the 8-Hz vibration and is the subject of this technical note. 1 ref.

  12. Costs and Benefits of Flexibility in Spatial Division Circuit Switched Networks-on-Chip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jantsch, Axel

    Costs and Benefits of Flexibility in Spatial Division Circuit Switched Networks-on-Chip Ahsen Ejaz of flexibility based on SDM, on the performance of a CS networks. A network evaluation platform has been random bandwidth (BW) requirement, a less flexible network outperforms a network with higher flexibility

  13. Design of Compliant Meanders for Applications in MEMS, Actuators, and Flexible Electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Benjamin

    1 Design of Compliant Meanders for Applications in MEMS, Actuators, and Flexible Electronics Bavani-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) to stretchable electrodes in flexible electronics and dielectric elastomer actuators are required in flexible displays [4], stretchable circuits [5], flexible antennas [6], and dielectric

  14. Stamp printing of silicon-nanomembrane-based photonic devices onto flexible

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    of America OCIS codes: 220.4000, 220.4241, 130.1750, 130.5296. To date, most flexible electronics opportunities in flexible electronics and photonics have been explored. Among all transferable single in flexible electronics and surface normal photonics, including flexible and rollable paperlike displays [6

  15. Direct Writing of Half-Meter Long CNT Based Fiber for Flexible Electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yi

    Direct Writing of Half-Meter Long CNT Based Fiber for Flexible Electronics Sihan Huang, Chunsong blocks for flexible electronic devices. We demon- strated that, by a simple hand-writing process, carbon: Ultralong fibers, aligned CNTs, controlled assembly, flexible electronics Flexibility of electronic devices

  16. Flexible design of commercial systems under market uncertainty: framework and application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    for British Petroleum in Aberdeen, Scotland. Preliminary results indicate that if flexibility is explicitly

  17. Recycling scheme for twin BWRs reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramirez-Sanchez, J. R.; Perry, R. T.; Gustavo Alonso, V.; Javier Palacios, H. [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, La Marquesa s/n, Ocoyoacac 52750 (Mexico)

    2006-07-01

    To asses the advantages of reprocess and recycle the spent fuel from nuclear power reactors, against a once through policy, a MOX fuel design is proposed to match a generic scenario for twin BWRs and establish a fuel management scheme. Calculations for the amount of fuel that the plants will use during 40 years of operation were done, and an evaluation of costs using constant money method for each option applying current prices for uranium and services were made. Finally a comparison between the options was made, resulting that even the current high prices of uranium, still the recycling option is more expensive that the once through alternative. But reprocessing could be an alternative to reduce the amount of spent fuel stored in the reactor pools. (authors)

  18. Refined knot invariants and Hilbert schemes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eugene Gorsky; Andrei Negu?

    2015-02-13

    We consider the construction of refined Chern-Simons torus knot invariants by M. Aganagic and S. Shakirov from the DAHA viewpoint of I. Cherednik. We give a proof of Cherednik's conjecture on the stabilization of superpolynomials, and then use the results of O. Schiffmann and E. Vasserot to relate knot invariants to the Hilbert scheme of points on the plane. Then we use the methods of the second author to compute these invariants explicitly in the uncolored case. We also propose a conjecture relating these constructions to the rational Cherednik algebra, as in the work of the first author, A. Oblomkov, J. Rasmussen and V. Shende. Among the combinatorial consequences of this work is a statement of the m/n shuffle conjecture.

  19. Invariant discretization schemes for the shallow-water equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Bihlo; Roman O. Popovych

    2013-01-03

    Invariant discretization schemes are derived for the one- and two-dimensional shallow-water equations with periodic boundary conditions. While originally designed for constructing invariant finite difference schemes, we extend the usage of difference invariants to allow constructing of invariant finite volume methods as well. It is found that the classical invariant schemes converge to the Lagrangian formulation of the shallow-water equations. These schemes require to redistribute the grid points according to the physical fluid velocity, i.e., the mesh cannot remain fixed in the course of the numerical integration. Invariant Eulerian discretization schemes are proposed for the shallow-water equations in computational coordinates. Instead of using the fluid velocity as the grid velocity, an invariant moving mesh generator is invoked in order to determine the location of the grid points at the subsequent time level. The numerical conservation of energy, mass and momentum is evaluated for both the invariant and non-invariant schemes.

  20. A consistent second order projection scheme for simulating transient...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    A consistent second order projection scheme for simulating transient viscous flow with Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: A consistent...

  1. Utility Energy Efficiency Schemes: Savings Obligations and Trading...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Utility Energy Efficiency Schemes: Savings Obligations and Trading **Subscription Required** Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Utility Energy Efficiency...

  2. DECOUPLED ENERGY STABLE SCHEMES FOR PHASE-FIELD ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-02-27

    design easy-to-implement, energy stable numerical schemes. For the ...... Basaran, Formation of beads-on-a-string structures during break-up of viscoelastic fila-.

  3. Gambit-C, a portable implementation of Scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The remaining fields describe the subproblem associated with the frame, that is the expression ..... (add-hook 'inferior-scheme-mode-hook (function gambit-

  4. Energy stable schemes and numerical simulations of two phase ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Title: Energy stable schemes and numerical simulations of two phase complex fluids by the phase-field method Abstact: We present an energetic variational ...

  5. Efficient energy stable schemes with spectral discretization in space ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-04-03

    We construct energy stable schemes for the time discretization of the highly ... Fundamentally, the gradient energy density loses its convexity (see a proof in the

  6. Sandia Energy - CRF Experiment Confirms Accepted Oxidation Scheme...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Experiment Confirms Accepted Oxidation Scheme of Proposed Diesel Alternative: Dimethyl Ether Home Energy Transportation Energy CRF Facilities Capabilities News News & Events...

  7. Regularization scheme independence and unitarity in QCD cross sections

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Catani, S.; Seymour, M.H.; Trocsanyi, Z.

    1997-06-01

    When calculating next-to-leading order QCD cross sections, divergences in intermediate steps of the calculation must be regularized. The final result is independent of the regularization scheme used, provided that it is unitary. In this paper we explore the relationship between regularization scheme independence and unitarity. We show how the regularization scheme dependence can be isolated in simple universal components, and how unitarity can be guaranteed for any regularization prescription that can consistently be introduced in one-loop amplitudes. Finally, we show how to derive transition rules between different schemes without having to do any loop calculations. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  8. A Curved Boundary Treatment for Discontinuous Galerkin Schemes ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-10-22

    Oct 22, 2015 ... By local truncation error analysis, such a modified DG scheme is ...... ternational Conference on Noise and Vibration Engineering (ISMA2008),.

  9. Unit Commitment Considering Generation Flexibility and Environmental Constraints

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, Shuai; Makarov, Yuri V.; Zhu, Yunhua; Lu, Ning; Prakash Kumar, Nirupama; Chakrabarti, Bhujanga B.

    2010-07-31

    This paper proposes a new framework for power system unit commitment process, which incorporates the generation flexibility requirements and environmental constraints into the existing unit commitment algorithm. The generation flexibility requirements are to address the uncertainties with large amount of intermittent resources as well as with load and traditional generators, which causes real-time balancing requirements to be variable and less predictable. The proposed flexibility requirements include capacity, ramp and ramp duration for both upward and downward balancing reserves. The environmental constraints include emission allowance for fossil fuel-based generators and ecological regulations for hydro power plants. Calculation of emission rates is formulated. Unit commitment under this new framework will be critical to the economic and reliable operation of the power grid and the minimization of its negative environmental impacts, especially when high penetration levels of intermittent resources are being approached, as required by the renewable portfolio standards in many states.

  10. Flexible high-temperature pH probe

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bielawski, John C. (Scotia, NY); Outwater, John O. (Cambridge, MA); Halbfinger, George P. (Schenectady, NY)

    2003-04-22

    A flexible pH probe device is provided for use in hot water and other high temperature environments up to about 590.degree. F. The pH probe includes a flexible, inert tubular probe member, an oxygen anion conducting, solid state electrolyte plug located at the distal end of the tubular member, oxide powder disposed at the distal end of the tubular member; a metal wire extending along the tubular member and having a distal end in contact with the oxide powder so as to form therewith an internal reference electrode; and a compression fitting forming a pressure boundary seal around a portion of the tubular member remote from the distal end thereof. Preferably, the tubular member is made of polytetrafluoroethylene, and the solid state electrolyte plug is made of stabilized zirconia. The flexibility of the probe member enables placement of the electrode into the area of interest, including around corners, into confined areas and the like.

  11. Evaluation of friction loss in flexible and galvanized duct 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zimmermann, Carlos Michael Alberto

    1985-01-01

    runs and in 90 degree elbows at various center line radii to diameter ratios (r/d). Three, 3. 658 meter (m) (12 ft) sections of straight, flexible 152 millimeter (mm) (6 in) and 203 sss (8 in) duct and three, 3. 048 m (10 ft) sections of straight... mean data and that ail three factors (duct size, duct type and air flow volume) contribute to this difference. Three sections of each type (flexible and galvanized) and size (152 and 203 sws) duct were tested in 90 degree elbows at five different r/d...

  12. Flexible profile approach to the conjugate heat transfer problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. -N. Sabry

    2008-01-07

    The flexible profile approach proposed earlier to create CTM (compact or reduced order thermal models) is extended to cover the area of conjugate heat transfer. The flexible profile approach is a methodology that allows building a highly boundary conditions independent CTM, with any desired degree of accuracy, that may adequately replace detailed 3D models for the whole spectrum of applications in which the modeled object may be used. The extension to conjugate problems radically solves the problem of interfacing two different domains. Each domain, fluid or solid, can be "compacted" independently creating two CTM that can be joined together to produce reliable results for any arbitrary set of external boundary conditions.

  13. Hybrid Optimization Schemes for Quantum Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael H. Goerz; K. Birgitta Whaley; Christiane P. Koch

    2015-10-03

    Optimal control theory is a powerful tool for solving control problems in quantum mechanics, ranging from the control of chemical reactions to the implementation of gates in a quantum computer. Gradient-based optimization methods are able to find high fidelity controls, but require considerable numerical effort and often yield highly complex solutions. We propose here to employ a two-stage optimization scheme to significantly speed up convergence and achieve simpler controls. The control is initially parametrized using only a few free parameters, such that optimization in this pruned search space can be performed with a simplex method. The result, considered now simply as an arbitrary function on a time grid, is the starting point for further optimization with a gradient-based method that can quickly converge to high fidelities. We illustrate the success of this hybrid technique by optimizing a holonomic phasegate for two superconducting transmon qubits coupled with a shared transmission line resonator, showing that a combination of Nelder-Mead simplex and Krotov's method yields considerably better results than either one of the two methods alone.

  14. Coordinated Renewable Energy Support Schemes Stine Grenaa Jensen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coordinated Renewable Energy Support Schemes Stine Grenaa Jensen1 , and Poul Erik Morthorst2 Risø for renewable energy are regionalised. Two theoretical examples are used to explain interactive effects on, e-ordination of support schemes for renewable energy technologies plays a prominent role at the European agenda (EC, 2005

  15. Secure Channel Coding Schemes based on Polar B. Mafakheri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    encryption encoding schemes based on polar codes, namely efficient and secure joint secret/public key characteristics of the proposed schemes make them suitable for high-speed communications, such as deep space, error performance, energy efficiency and implementation costs. A solution to the shortcomings rised from

  16. Contemporary Mathematics Explicit schemes in seismic migration and isotropic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papadakis, Manos

    Multiresolution Analyses (IMRA) for L2(Rd). We develop a wave equation based poststack depth migration schemeContemporary Mathematics Explicit schemes in seismic migration and isotropic multiscale, offers the possibility of reducing the cost of computation. 1. Introduction Migration is a seismic

  17. A GENUINELY MULTIDIMENSIONAL UPWIND SCHEME AND EFFICIENT MULTIGRID SOLVER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the necessity of costly wind­tunnel experiments can be largely reduced. The search for genuinely­resolution discrete equations, thus allowing us to construct a very efficient and simple multigrid steady­state solver. This is the only high­resolution scheme known to us that has this property. The two­dimensional scheme is presented

  18. Compiler Control Power Saving Scheme for Multi Core Processors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasahara, Hironori

    Compiler Control Power Saving Scheme for Multi Core Processors Jun shirako , Naoto Oshiyama. To this end, the compiler for a multi core processor is expected not only to parallelize program effectively an application program. This paper proposes a compilation scheme for reduction of power consumption under

  19. Toward the ultimate conservative scheme : following Mathmatiques Appliques de Bordeaux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abgrall, Rémi

    . They are a blending between a #28;rst order scheme and a second order scheme, the blending is realized from entropy; is the density, u and v are the components of the velocity, #15; the internal energy and E = #26;#15; + 1 2 #26

  20. Improved Key Generation For Gentry's Fully Homomorphic Encryption Scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Improved Key Generation For Gentry's Fully Homomorphic Encryption Scheme P. Scholl and N.P. Smart scheme was the slow key generation process. Gentry and Halevi provided a fast technique for 2-power cyclo. In particular they focused on the field generated by the polynomial F(X) = X2n + 1, but they noted

  1. A pressure control scheme for air brakes in commercial vehicles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowlin, Christopher Leland

    2007-04-25

    This research is focused on developing a control scheme for regulating the pressure in the brake chamber of an air brake system found in most commercial vehicles like trucks, tractor-trailers and buses. Such a control scheme can be used...

  2. Cryptanalysis of a recent two factor authentication scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Centre Dublin City University Ballymun, Dublin 9, Ireland. mike.scott@certivox.com Abstract. Very recently a scheme has been proposed by Wang and Ma for a robust smart-card based password authentication scheme, which claims to be secure against a Smart Card security breach. In this short note we attempt

  3. Wireless sensor networks under the random pairwise key predistribution scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yagan, Osman

    Wireless sensor networks under the random pairwise key predistribution scheme: Can resiliency, College Park, MD 20742. Email: armand@isr.umd.edu Abstract--We investigate the resiliency of wireless the classical key predistribution scheme of Eschenauer and Gligor. Keywords: Wireless sensor networks, Security

  4. Journey data based arrival forecasting for bicycle hire schemes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imperial College, London

    Journey data based arrival forecasting for bicycle hire schemes Marcel C. Guenther and Jeremy T. The global emergence of city bicycle hire schemes has re- cently received a lot of attention of future bicycle migration trends, as these assist service providers to ensure availability of bicycles

  5. Applications and meshes The GradCell scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herbin, Raphaèle

    de Montpellier 3 Université Paris Est june 22-24th 2009 L. Agelas1, D. Di Pietro1, J. Droniou2, I Experiments Applications Basin Modeling Reservoir simulation CO2 geological storage L. Agelas1, D. Di Pietro1 Applications and meshes The GradCell scheme The O scheme Numerical Experiments Meshes: basin geometries L

  6. A Framework for Flexible Access Control in Digital Library Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Indrajit

    A Framework for Flexible Access Control in Digital Library Systems Indrajit Ray and Sudip. Traditional access control models are often found to be inadequate for digital libraries. This is because the user population for digital libraries is very dynamic and not completely known in advance. In addition

  7. Orthogonal Capability Building Blocks for Flexible AHS Deployment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koopman, Philip

    , orthogonal building blocks #12;2 INTRODUCTION Reaping the full benefits of an Automated Highway System (AHS1 Orthogonal Capability Building Blocks for Flexible AHS Deployment Philip Koopman Michelle Bayouth, PA 15213 USA Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA ABSTRACT Once a baseline level of full automation is possible

  8. Carbon 40 (2002) 22852289 Flexible graphite as a heating element

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Deborah D.L.

    2002-01-01

    of aircraft [20,21] and the the plane of the sheet [5,6]. Due to the graphite layers heating of floors, pipes, is corrosion-resistant, does not need to be encased flexible graphite is electrically and thermally conductive

  9. Flexible LEDs bring light to fingertips Oct 19, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    Flexible LEDs bring light to fingertips Oct 19, 2010 Glowing gloves Light-emitting diodes ­ or LEDs counterparts, known as holes, are driven into the well where they combine to emit light. LEDs are normally made that is populated with red LEDs. Stitches incorporating these tiny light emitters have been inserted

  10. A Flexible Approach to Constructing Virtual Reuse Libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Tim

    A Flexible Approach to Constructing Virtual Reuse Libraries Tim Kelly, Wing Lam, Ben Whittle Rolls.york.ac.uk:6666/utc/utc.html The development and population of a reuse library is likely to be the largest investment that an organisation will make in adopting reuse. The content of the library is potentially vast

  11. A flexible model for Web service discovery Ruben Lara1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A flexible model for Web service discovery Rub´en Lara1 , Miguel ´Angel Corella2 and Pablo Castells for different trade-offs between the accuracy of discovery results and the efficiency of the discovery process on previous works ([13, 14, 16, 17]), we propose a Web service discovery model with some features that we

  12. Flexible fiber batteries for applications in smart textiles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skorobogatiy, Maksim

    Flexible fiber batteries for applications in smart textiles Hang Qu1 , Oleg Semenikhin2 and Maksim as electrolyte, and it is introduced into the battery after the drawing process. The capacity of a 1 m long fiber battery is measured to be 10 mAh. We also detail assembly and optimization of the electrical circuitry

  13. AIAA-2000-0030 Multi-Flexible-Body Analysis for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patil, Mayuresh

    are being designed for power generation on land and off shore. Though wind turbines do not require any formAIAA-2000-0030 Multi-Flexible-Body Analysis for Application to Wind-Turbine Control Design Dewey H's operational life to be as long as possible. The wind turbine performance is related to vari- ous design

  14. AIAA 20010064 Multi-Flexible-Body Dynamic Analysis of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patil, Mayuresh

    disciplines, including, atmospheric modeling, wind-turbine struc- tural and aerodynamic modeling, energyAIAA 2001­0064 Multi-Flexible-Body Dynamic Analysis of Horizontal-Axis Wind Turbines Mayuresh J-0150 ABSTRACT A dynamic stability analysis is presented for a horizontal-axis wind turbine modeled as a multi

  15. Frequency Regulation from Flexible Loads: Potential, Economics, and Implementation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanandaji, Borhan M.

    Frequency Regulation from Flexible Loads: Potential, Economics, and Implementation He Hao1,, Borhan potential for providing regulation reserve to the grid. This paper aims to provide a foundation for a practical method of enabling TCLs to provide regulation service. We study the economic, regulatory

  16. Flexible Resource Allocation for Multicast in OFDMA based Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New South Wales, University of

    Flexible Resource Allocation for Multicast in OFDMA based Wireless Networks Sanjay Jha and Xin Zhao) to minimise the total transmission power with the constraints on user's data rate or bit error rate [12], and 2) to maximise system throughput with the constraints on total transmission power or user

  17. Using Flexible Pipe (poly-pipe) with Surface Irrigation (Spanish) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enciso, Juan; Peries, Xavier

    2005-10-05

    ?ste se vende tubo flexible (politubo) riego superficial Usando en el con una longitud est?ndar de 1,320 pies (402 m). Los politubos generalmente vienen en uno o dos colores, blanco o azul. Los tapones se utilizan para...

  18. Financial Flexibility, Risk Management, and Payout Choice* Alice Adams Bonaim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Technology, Sydney

    Financial Flexibility, Risk Management, and Payout Choice* Alice Adams Bonaimé University.hankins@uky.edu Jarrad Harford University of Washington Email: jarrad@uw.edu August 2011 Abstract: Risk management of hedging and for other determinants of payout policy and risk management, including institutional ownership

  19. Experimental investigation of a horizontal flexible-membrane wave barrier 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Hae-Jin

    1997-01-01

    A series of experiments is conducted in a two-dimensional glass-walled wave tank to confirm numerical solutions based on two-dimensional linear hydro-elastic theory for a horizontal flexible-membrane wave barrier. The model test is performed by a...

  20. ORIGINAL PAPER Flexible product platforms: framework and case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    and manufacturing strategies. Two of the more successful strategies were the lean manufacturing strategy (Womack et (Sanderson and Uzumeri 1997). Manufacturers were forced to seek more efficient and flexible product design al. 1991) and the product platform strategy (Meyer and Lehnerd 1997; Bremmer 1999). The lean

  1. Thin film with oriented cracks on a flexible substrate

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Feng, Bao; McGilvray, Andrew; Shi, Bo

    2010-07-27

    A thermoelectric film is disclosed. The thermoelectric film includes a substrate that is substantially electrically non-conductive and flexible and a thermoelectric material that is deposited on at least one surface of the substrate. The thermoelectric film also includes multiple cracks oriented in a predetermined direction.

  2. Measuring Flexibility in Software Project Muhammad Ali Khan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Leon, Alex R.

    the quality of a software project schedule. Most of the existing measures of schedule quality define-factoring [4], global software development [5, 6] and open source initiative [7], to develop quality software1 Measuring Flexibility in Software Project Schedules Muhammad Ali Khan Department of Mathematics

  3. Flexible pipe crawling device having articulated two axis coupling

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zollinger, W.T.

    1994-05-10

    An apparatus is described for moving through the linear and non-linear segments of piping systems. The apparatus comprises a front leg assembly, a rear leg assembly, a mechanism for extension and retraction of the front and rear leg assembles with respect to each other, such as an air cylinder, and a pivoting joint. One end of the flexible joint attaches to the front leg assembly and the other end to the air cylinder, which is also connected to the rear leg assembly. The air cylinder allows the front and rear leg assemblies to progress through a pipe in inchworm' fashion, while the joint provides the flexibility necessary for the pipe crawler to negotiate non-linear piping segments. The flexible connecting joint is coupled with a spring-force suspension system that urges alignment of the front and rear leg assemblies with respect to each other. The joint and suspension system cooperate to provide a firm yet flexible connection between the front and rear leg assemblies to allow the pivoting of one with respect to the other while moving around a non-linear pipe segment, but restoring proper alignment coming out of the pipe bend. 4 figures.

  4. Thin, Flexible Secondary Li-Ion Paper Liangbing Hu,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yi

    can be paper- thin, flexible, lightweight and manufactured by a low cost, roll-to-roll printing for su- percapacitors.6 We recently demonstrated that paper coated with CNTs or silver nanowires can coating and peeling process. The double layer films were laminated onto commercial paper, and the paper

  5. FlexibleSUSY -- A spectrum generator generator for supersymmetric models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter Athron; Jae-hyeon Park; Dominik Stöckinger; Alexander Voigt

    2015-03-18

    We introduce FlexibleSUSY, a Mathematica and C++ package, which generates a fast, precise C++ spectrum generator for any SUSY model specified by the user. The generated code is designed with both speed and modularity in mind, making it easy to adapt and extend with new features. The model is specified by supplying the superpotential, gauge structure and particle content in a SARAH model file; specific boundary conditions e.g. at the GUT, weak or intermediate scales are defined in a separate FlexibleSUSY model file. From these model files, FlexibleSUSY generates C++ code for self-energies, tadpole corrections, renormalization group equations (RGEs) and electroweak symmetry breaking (EWSB) conditions and combines them with numerical routines for solving the RGEs and EWSB conditions simultaneously. The resulting spectrum generator is then able to solve for the spectrum of the model, including loop-corrected pole masses, consistent with user specified boundary conditions. The modular structure of the generated code allows for individual components to be replaced with an alternative if available. FlexibleSUSY has been carefully designed to grow as alternative solvers and calculators are added. Predefined models include the MSSM, NMSSM, E$_6$SSM, USSM, R-symmetric models and models with right-handed neutrinos.

  6. Termination Casts: A Flexible Approach to Termination with General Recursion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weirich, Stephanie

    distinguishes terminating terms and total functions from possibly diverging terms and partial functionsTermination Casts: A Flexible Approach to Termination with General Recursion Aaron Stump Computer type-form "Terminates t", expressing that term t is terminating; and then allow terms t to be coerced

  7. Minimax Design of Robust Controllers for Flexible Systems Tarunraj Singh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Tarunraj

    Minimax Design of Robust Controllers for Flexible Systems Tarunraj Singh Associate Professor to damping or natural frequency, to zero. Singh and Vadali [6] arrived at the same results of Singer] etc. Liu and Singh [2] extended this idea to nonlinear systems undergoing rest-to-rest maneuver

  8. Mining Frequent Items in a Stream Using Flexible Windows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antwerpen, Universiteit

    Mining Frequent Items in a Stream Using Flexible Windows (Extended Abstract) Toon Calders, Nele Dexters and Bart Goethals University of Antwerp, Belgium firstname.lastname@ua.ac.be Abstract. 1 Introduction Mining frequent items over a stream of items presents interesting new challenges over

  9. Flexible sequence similarity searching with the FASTA3 program package

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humphrey, Marty

    1 Flexible sequence similarity searching with the FASTA3 program package William R. Pearson questions, such as: "Which FASTA program should I use?", "What threshold should I use for statistical, fasty3, tfastx3, and tfasty3, and the program for estimating statistical significance from shuffled

  10. Flexible plastic solar cells offer great advantages when compared with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langendoen, Koen

    Flexible plastic solar cells offer great advantages when compared with traditional silicon solar for a solar cell: extremely easy to produce, very cheap and with good perspectives for high efficiencies. Since ten years considerable progress has been made in developing new and very promising types of solar

  11. Flexible Analysis of Plant Genomes in a Database Management System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teubner, Jens

    Flexible Analysis of Plant Genomes in a Database Management System Sebastian Dorok Bayer Pharma AG.de Gunter Saake University of Magdeburg Germany gunter.saake@ovgu.de ABSTRACT Analysis of genomes has a wide, a typical use case is comparing two plant genomes and try to deduce which genes are responsible

  12. Flexible Fuel Vehicles: Providing a Renewable Fuel Choice (Revised)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2008-06-01

    Clean Cities fact sheet describing aspects of flexible fuel vehicles such as use of E85, special features, benefits of use, costs, and fueling locations. It includes discussion on performance and how to identify these vehicles as well as listing additional resources.

  13. Pricing Multicasting in More Flexible Network Models Micah Adler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Shenker [11]. They consider two pricing mechanisms: Marginal Cost and Shapley Value, and provide efficientPricing Multicasting in More Flexible Network Models Micah Adler Dan Rubenstein ¡ Abstract The problem of designing efficient algorithms for sharing the cost of multicasting has recently seen

  14. Key words. Emissions markets, Cap-and-trade schemes, Equilibrium models, Environmental MARKET DESIGN FOR EMISSION TRADING SCHEMES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carmona, Rene

    Key words. Emissions markets, Cap-and-trade schemes, Equilibrium models, Environmental Finance. MARKET DESIGN FOR EMISSION TRADING SCHEMES REN´E CARMONA , MAX FEHR , JURI HINZ , AND ARNAUD PORCHET to help policy makers and regulators understand the pros and the cons of the emissions markets. We propose

  15. Nuclear hydrogen: An assessment of product flexibility and market viability Audun Botterud a,, Bilge Yildiz b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yildiz, Bilge

    for nuclear energy technologies in general, ranging from waste management to proliferation. HoweverNuclear hydrogen: An assessment of product flexibility and market viability Audun Botterud a Available online 27 August 2008 Keywords: Nuclear hydrogen and electricity production Product flexibility

  16. Flexible CHP System with Low NOx, CO, and VOC Emissions - Presentation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Flexible CHP System with Low NOx, CO, and VOC Emissions - Presentation by the Gas Technology Institute (GTI), June 2011 Flexible CHP System with Low NOx, CO, and VOC Emissions -...

  17. Flexible casting of modular self-aligning microfluidic assembly blocks Sean M. Langelier,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Nils G.

    Flexible casting of modular self-aligning microfluidic assembly blocks Sean M. Langelier,a Eric and extraction of MABs using flexible casting trays, (2) use of pre-coated substrates for simultaneous assembly

  18. xMDFF: molecular dynamics flexible fitting of low-resolution...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    xMDFF: molecular dynamics flexible fitting of low-resolution X-ray structures Citation Details In-Document Search Title: xMDFF: molecular dynamics flexible fitting of...

  19. Flexible Pipelining Design for Recursive Variable Expansion Zubair Nawaz, Thomas Marconi, Koen Bertels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertels, Koen

    Flexible Pipelining Design for Recursive Variable Expansion Zubair Nawaz, Thomas Marconi, Koen area by doing loops parallelization with extensive use of pipelining. This paper presents an automated flexible pipeline design algorithm for our unique acceleration technique called Recursive Variable

  20. Deadlock Avoidance in Sequential Resource Allocation Systems with Multiple Resource Acquisitions and Flexible Routings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reveliotis, Spiridon "Spyros"

    resource acquisitions and flexible routings. First, a new siphon-based characterization for the liveness allocations and no routing flexibility. The last part of the paper exploits the aforementioned siphon- based

  1. Numerical models for scoring failures of flexible metal to metal face seals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Jinchul, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    The flexible metal to metal face seals (FMMFS) has unique features including much more flexibility in the circumferential direction than in the radial direction, identical rotating and stationary seals, and a loading ...

  2. Operational flexibility on complex enterprises : case studies from recent military operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dickmann, John Q

    2009-01-01

    An emerging requirement for 21st century enterprises is operational flexibility, a requirement particularly important for the U. S. Department of Defense (DoD). To achieve flexibility, most practice and research emphasizes ...

  3. Vortex-induced vibration of flexible cylinders in time-varying flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Resvanis, Themistocles L

    2014-01-01

    This thesis investigates two aspects of Vortex-Induced Vibrations (VIV) on long flexible cylinders. The work is split into a minor and major part. The minor part addresses the effect of Reynolds number on flexible cylinder ...

  4. Complexity and Algorithms for Two-Stage Flexible Flowshop Scheduling with Availability Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Jinxing

    Complexity and Algorithms for Two-Stage Flexible Flowshop Scheduling with Availability Constraints problem with availability constraints. We discuss the complexity and the approximability of the problem cases of the problem. Keywords: Scheduling; Flexible flowshop; Availability constraints; Approximability

  5. 2003 --Ninth Americas Conference on Information Systems 1653 FLEXIBILITY AND COST IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walden, Eric

    , outsourcing, economic models, flexibility, base cost Introduction Information technology (IT) outsourcing2003 -- Ninth Americas Conference on Information Systems 1653 FLEXIBILITY AND COST IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY OUTSOURCING: BALANCING OPPOSING GOALS Param V. Singh Jerry Rawls College of Business Texas Tech

  6. Comparisons of High Order Hybrid Schemes Using a Parameter-free Discontinuity Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zha, Gecheng

    are beneficial, es- pecially the high order low diffusion schemes used in smooth regions. There are two key waves of WENO schemes in smooth regions tends to be more diffusive than the central differencing schemes variable obtained by TVDM compact schemes. Ravichandran[13] improves this type of schemes with a class

  7. Importance of Flexible Electricity Supply: Solar Integration Series. 1 of 3 (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-05-01

    The first out of a series of three fact sheets describing the importance of flexible electricity supply.

  8. FABRICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF 3-D ALL POLYMER FLEXIBLE SOLAR CELL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassegne, Samuel Kinde

    FABRICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF 3-D ALL POLYMER FLEXIBLE SOLAR CELL _______________ A Thesis and Characterization of 3-D All Polymer Flexible Solar Cell by Krishna Ashwinbhai Desai Master of Science in Mechanical (Polyethylene terephthalate) as a flexible substrate, a potentially wearable organic solar cell is enabled

  9. UHF Solar Powered Active Oscillator Antenna on Low Cost Flexible Substrate for Wireless Identification Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tentzeris, Manos

    UHF Solar Powered Active Oscillator Antenna on Low Cost Flexible Substrate for Wireless antenna using low cost flexible substrate materials is presented. Flexible amorphous silicon a-Si solar nature of the circuit and providing operational autonomy by harvesting solar power without affecting

  10. Fully Printed, High Performance Carbon Nanotube Thin-Film Transistors on Flexible Substrates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Javey, Ali

    range of large-area electronic applications based on carbon nanotube networks. KEYWORDS: Flexible using SWNT TFTs has been shown.1,5,7,8 In order to enable the use of flexible electronics for largeFully Printed, High Performance Carbon Nanotube Thin-Film Transistors on Flexible Substrates Pak

  11. A Flexible Active-Matrix Electronic Paper With Integrated Display Driver Using The -Czochralski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Flexible Active-Matrix Electronic Paper With Integrated Display Driver Using The µ on the display itself. The display is flexible, including the driving electronics. Technology used offers great possibilities for future applications e.g. flexible electronics, three dimensional IC, System-on-Panel, ultra

  12. Fig.1: Optical photograph of the EHD micropumps fabricated on a flexible Parylene-C substrate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dokmeci, Mehmet

    or flexible electronics is to fabricate organic field effect transistors and display panels directlyFig.1: Optical photograph of the EHD micropumps fabricated on a flexible Parylene-C substrate An Electrohydrodynamic Micropump for On-Chip Fluid Pumping on a Flexible Parylene Substrate Chia-Ling Chen1,* , Student

  13. Design Considerations for Digital Circuits Using Organic Thin Film Transistors on a Flexible Substrate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Qinru

    . INTRODUCTION Flexible electronics is a new technology for building electronic circuits by depositing electronic-based electronics, flexible electronics has the following advantages. First of all, it can take variable forms-area applications. Two of the often-discussed application drivers for flexible electronics are: radio

  14. GEOMETRIC CHARACTERIZATION AND OPTIMIZATION OF 3D ORGANIC FLEXIBLE SOLAR CELLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassegne, Samuel Kinde

    GEOMETRIC CHARACTERIZATION AND OPTIMIZATION OF 3D ORGANIC FLEXIBLE SOLAR CELLS Characterization and Optimization of 3D Organic Flexible Solar Cells by Ashish K. Gaikwad Master of Science of flexible organic solar cells, micro-fabricated using novel microfabrication procedures. A fully functional

  15. SCALING-UP OF NEW GENERATION OF 3D FLEXIBLE ORGANIC SOLAR CELLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassegne, Samuel Kinde

    SCALING-UP OF NEW GENERATION OF 3D FLEXIBLE ORGANIC SOLAR CELLS _______________ A Thesis Presented Generation of 3D Flexible Organic Solar Cell _____________________________________________ Samuel Kinde Engineering San Diego State University, 2012 Scaling-up of New Generation of 3D Flexible Organic Solar Cells

  16. Achieving Flexibility in Direct-Manipulation Programming Environments by Relaxing the Edit-Time Grammar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldman, Kenneth J.

    Achieving Flexibility in Direct-Manipulation Programming Environments by Relaxing the Edit editing and flexibility, particularly in live development environments. JPie is a graphical programming. However, if a DMPE requires that programs always be in an executable state, editing is less flexible

  17. Treatment of a malignant esophageal fistula with a Gore-Tex-covered flexible nitinol stent

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kishi, Kazushi; Takeuchi, Taizo; Sonomura, Tetsuo; Kimura, Masashi; Kita, Keisuke; Sato, Morio; Terada, Masaki [Wakayama Medical College, Department of Radiology (Japan)

    1997-01-15

    In order to treat fistulated esophageal cancer using a flexible stent, a covered flexible stent was constructed by wrapping a nitinol stent with a thin sheet of Gore-Tex, preserving the stents original advantages of flexibility and a low-profile introducer system. This stent was used to perform standard radiotherapy in a case of fistulated esophageal cancer.

  18. Flexible fiber batteries for applications in smart textiles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Hang; Rolland, Julien; Vlad, Alexandru; Gohy, Jean-François; Skorobogatiy, Maksim

    2013-01-01

    Here we discuss two alternative approaches for building flexible batteries for applications in smart textiles. The first approach uses well-studied inorganic electrochemistry (Al-NaOCl galvanic cell) and innovative packaging in order to produce batteries in a slender and flexible fiber form that can be further weaved directly into the textiles. During fabrication process the battery electrodes are co-drawn within a microstructured polymer fiber, which is later filled with liquid electrolyte. The second approach describes Li-ion chemistry within solid polymer electrolytes that are used to build a fully solid and soft rechargeable battery that can be furthermore stitched onto a textile, or integrated as stripes during weaving process.

  19. Flexible semi-transparent organic spin valve based on bathocuproine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, Xiangnan; Bedoya-Pinto, Amilcar; Llopis, Roger; Casanova, Fèlix; Hueso, Luis E.

    2014-08-25

    Organic semiconductors are attractive materials for advanced spintronic applications due to their long spin lifetimes and, simultaneously, their mechanical flexibility. With the aim of combining these advantages in a single device, we report on the fabrication and properties of a mechanically flexible bathocuproine-based spin valve. This organic spin device shows great stability on both electrical and magneto-transport properties upon mechanical bending at different radius (up to r?=?5?mm), while featuring long-lasting endurance (on bending over 50 times). The room-temperature magnetoresistance ratio reaches up to 3.5%, and is notably preserved under air atmosphere. The observation of spin transport at room-temperature, combined with the outstanding mechanical properties and air stability, highlights the potential of bathocuproine-based spin devices towards applications.

  20. Flexible A-15 superconducting tape via the amorphous state

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clapp, M.T.; Shi, D.

    1985-05-15

    The melt spinning technique was used to rapidly solidify superconducting materials. In the Ti/sub 3/Nb/sub 6/Mo/sub 3/Si/sub 4/ alloy system, it was possible to form metastable A-15 and amorphous ribbons as the quenching rate was increased. The liquid-quenched A-15 ribbons were extremely brittle, which is typical of this crystal structure. The metastable A-15 phase could also be formed by annealing the amorphous ribbons. These, however, were far more flexible, their percent elongation being up to 30 times greater than that of the liquid quenched A-15's. The flexibility appeared to depend on grain size, and increased as the grain size decreased. This is consistent with behavior observed in other brittle materials of a brittle to ductile transition as a function of grain size.

  1. Fast-ion conduction and flexibility of glassy networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deassy I. Novita; P. Boolchand; M. Malki; M. Micoulaut

    2007-09-27

    We observe two thresholds in the variations of electrical conductivity of dry solid electrolyte (AgI)x(AgPO3)1-x glasses, when the AgI additive concentration x increases to 9.5% and to 37.8%. Raman scattering complemented by calorimetric measurements confirm that these thresholds are signatures of the rigidity phase transitions; at x = 9.5% from a stressed rigid to an isostatically (stress free) rigid phase, and at x = 37.8% from isostatically rigid to a flexible phase. In the flexible phase, the electrical conductivity seems to increase as a power of x, this is in good agreement with the theoretical prediction based on 3d percolation.

  2. Mechanically flexible organic electroluminescent device with directional light emission

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Duggal, Anil Raj; Shiang, Joseph John; Schaepkens, Marc

    2005-05-10

    A mechanically flexible and environmentally stable organic electroluminescent ("EL") device with directional light emission comprises an organic EL member disposed on a flexible substrate, a surface of which is coated with a multilayer barrier coating which includes at least one sublayer of a substantially transparent organic polymer and at least one sublayer of a substantially transparent inorganic material. The device includes a reflective metal layer disposed on the organic EL member opposite to the substrate. The reflective metal layer provides an increased external quantum efficiency of the device. The reflective metal layer and the multilayer barrier coating form a seal around the organic EL member to reduce the degradation of the device due to environmental elements.

  3. Three dimensional instability of flexible ferromagnetic filament loop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. ?rglis; R. Livanovi?s; A. C?bers

    2010-09-07

    Dynamics of flexible ferromagnetic filaments in an external magnetic field is considered. We report the existence of a buckling instability of the ferromagnetic filament at the magnetic field reversion, which leads to the formation of a metastable loop. Its relaxation through three dimensional transformation of the configurations is observed experimentally and confirmed by numerical simulations. Bending modulus of the flexible ferromagnetic filaments synthesized by linking micron size core-shell ferromagnetic particles with DNA fragments is estimated by comparison of the parameters of the loops observed in the experiment with theoretical calculations. Formation of the loop and its relaxation are characterized by the numerically calculated writhe number. The relaxation time of the loop allows us to estimate the hydrodynamic drag of the filament.

  4. The Integrated Waste Tracking System - A Flexible Waste Management Tool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, Robert Stephen

    2001-02-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) has fully embraced a flexible, computer-based tool to help increase waste management efficiency and integrate multiple operational functions from waste generation through waste disposition while reducing cost. The Integrated Waste Tracking System (IWTS)provides comprehensive information management for containerized waste during generation,storage, treatment, transport, and disposal. The IWTS provides all information necessary for facilities to properly manage and demonstrate regulatory compliance. As a platformindependent, client-server and Web-based inventory and compliance system, the IWTS has proven to be a successful tracking, characterization, compliance, and reporting tool that meets the needs of both operations and management while providing a high level of management flexibility.

  5. A Flexible, Low Cost, Beam Loss Monitor Evaluation System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoyes, George Garnet; Pimol, Piti; Juthong, Nawin; Attaphibal, Malee

    2007-01-19

    A flexible, low cost, Beam Loss Monitor (BLM) Evaluation System based on Bergoz BLMs has been developed. Monitors can easily be moved to any location for beam loss investigations and/or monitor usefulness evaluations. Different PC pulse counting cards are compared and tested for this application using the display software developed based on LabVIEW. Beam problems uncovered with this system are presented.

  6. Semiconductor-based, large-area, flexible, electronic devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goyal, Amit (Knoxville, TN)

    2011-03-15

    Novel articles and methods to fabricate the same resulting in flexible, large-area, triaxially textured, single-crystal or single-crystal-like, semiconductor-based, electronic devices are disclosed. Potential applications of resulting articles are in areas of photovoltaic devices, flat-panel displays, thermophotovoltaic devices, ferroelectric devices, light emitting diode devices, computer hard disc drive devices, magnetoresistance based devices, photoluminescence based devices, non-volatile memory devices, dielectric devices, thermoelectric devices and quantum dot laser devices.

  7. OSCAR4: a flexible architecture for chemical text-mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jessop, David M; Adams, Sam; Willighagen, Egon L; Hawizy, Lezan; Murray-Rust, Peter

    2011-07-04

    1 OSCAR4: a flexible architecture for chemical text-mining Authors: David M. Jessop, Sam Adams, Egon L.Willighagen, Lezan Hawizy, Peter Murray-Rust* Unilever Centre for Molecular Science Informatics, Department of Chemistry, Lensfield Road... for chemical natural language processing, but early attempts to develop software using it as a library rather than as a standalone application – the ChemicalTagger14 and PatentEye32 33 projects – exposed weaknesses in the code in this regard. The architecture...

  8. Oil fields and Hilbert schemes Lorenzo Robbiano, Genova (Italy)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robbiano, Lorenzo

    Oil fields and Hilbert schemes Lorenzo Robbiano, Genova (Italy) In the realm of polynomial algebra measures of physical quantities in an oil field, see http://staff.fim.uni-passau.de/algebraic-oil

  9. An unconditionally stable rotational velocity-correction scheme for ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Dong

    2010-07-22

    Jun 2, 2010 ... iterations per time step in the semi-implicit scheme is also larger than the number .... Tables 6 and 7 summarize the mean drag coefficient and root-mean-square (

  10. Towards an Emissions Trading Scheme for Air Pollutants in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duflo, Esther

    Emissions trading schemes have great potential to lower pollution while minimizing compliance costs for firms in many areas now subject to traditional command-and-control regulation. This paper connects experience with ...

  11. Robust and scalable scheme to generate large-scale entanglement...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    an N-qubit W state among separated quantum nodes (cavity-QED systems) by using linear optics and postselections. The present scheme inherits the robustness of the Barrett-Kok...

  12. On Nonlocal Monotone Difference Schemes for Scalar Conservation ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aug 3, 2005 ... {8], and to ... In Section 3, we study the stability in L1(Z) of the above difference scheme for ..... HUD _ UOHLMZ) é CHAilLipilUOil1.1(Z)At2'.

  13. DECOUPLED ENERGY STABLE SCHEMES FOR A PHASE-FIELD ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-04-24

    Phase-field, two-phase flow, Navier-Stokes, variable density, stability, energy stable ... The third objective is to validate this model and the proposed numerical schemes through careful ... with a thin, smooth transition region of width O(?).

  14. Improving multivariate Horner schemes with Monte Carlo tree search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Kuipers; J. A. M. Vermaseren; A. Plaat; H. J. van den Herik

    2012-07-30

    Optimizing the cost of evaluating a polynomial is a classic problem in computer science. For polynomials in one variable, Horner's method provides a scheme for producing a computationally efficient form. For multivariate polynomials it is possible to generalize Horner's method, but this leaves freedom in the order of the variables. Traditionally, greedy schemes like most-occurring variable first are used. This simple textbook algorithm has given remarkably efficient results. Finding better algorithms has proved difficult. In trying to improve upon the greedy scheme we have implemented Monte Carlo tree search, a recent search method from the field of artificial intelligence. This results in better Horner schemes and reduces the cost of evaluating polynomials, sometimes by factors up to two.

  15. Transformation optics scheme for two-dimensional materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Anshuman

    Two-dimensional optical materials, such as graphene, can be characterized by surface conductivity. So far, the transformation optics schemes have focused on three-dimensional properties such as permittivity ? and permeability ...

  16. Village adoption scheme : a model for rural development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nanavati, Shahid Sadruddin, 1961-

    2004-01-01

    The study describes a "Village Adoption Scheme" as a model for energising the rural economy in India and to slow down rural - urban migration which research has shown to be harmful to both; rural and urban people of India ...

  17. The reliability of a dialogue structure coding scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carletta, Jean; Isard, Amy; Isard, Stephen; Kowtko, Jacqueline C; Doherty-Sneddon, Gwyneth; Anderson, Anne H

    1997-01-01

    This papers describes the reliability of a dialogue structure coding scheme which is based on utterance function, game structure, and higher level transaction function, and which has been applied to a corpus of spontaneous ...

  18. Measure Guideline: Optimizing the Configuration of Flexible Duct Junction Boxes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beach, R.; Burdick, A.

    2014-03-01

    This measure guideline offers additional recommendations to heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system designers for optimizing flexible duct, constant-volume HVAC systems using junction boxes within Air Conditioning Contractors of America (ACCA) Manual D guidance (Rutkowski, H. Manual D -- Residential Duct Systems, 3rd edition, Version 1.00. Arlington, VA: Air Conditioning Contractors of America, 2009.). IBACOS used computational fluid dynamics software to explore and develop guidance to better control the airflow effects of factors that may impact pressure losses within junction boxes among various design configurations (Beach, R., Prahl, D., and Lange, R. CFD Analysis of Flexible Duct Junction Box Design. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, submitted for publication 2013). These recommendations can help to ensure that a system aligns more closely with the design and the occupants' comfort expectations. Specifically, the recommendations described herein show how to configure a rectangular box with four outlets, a triangular box with three outlets, metal wyes with two outlets, and multiple configurations for more than four outlets. Designers of HVAC systems, contractors who are fabricating junction boxes on site, and anyone using the ACCA Manual D process for sizing duct runs will find this measure guideline invaluable for more accurately minimizing pressure losses when using junction boxes with flexible ducts.

  19. RELIABLE RADIOGRAPHIC INSPECTION OF FLEXIBLE RISERS FOR THE OIL INDUSTRY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Almeida, Romulo M.; Rebello, Joao Marcos A. [Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering COPPE/UFRJ-Federal University of Rio de Janeiro P.O. Box 68505 CEP 21941-972, Rio de Janeiro RJ (Brazil); Vaz, Murilo A. [Department of Ocean Engineering-COPPE/UFRJ (Brazil)

    2010-02-22

    Flexible risers are composite tubular structures manufactured by the concentric assemblage of cylindrical polymeric and helically wound metallic layers employed to convey pressurized fluids such as oil, gas and water in the ocean environment. The metallic layers account for the flexible risers' structural strength and are dimensioned according to the static and dynamic loads. They are usually installed in a free hanging catenary configuration and are subjected to the direct action of waves and marine currents and wave induced motions from the oil production platform. The fatigue rupture of wire armours in the end fitting or within the riser segment protected by the bend stiffener is an object of major concern. Integrity models have been developed, however inspection techniques are mandatory to ensure that failure is detected. Gammagraphy has been used as a common inspection technique in all regions of the flexible riser, mainly with the single wall-single view method. On the other side, there is not any qualified radiographic procedure to this kind of structure. Radiographic simulation was adopted and its validation with actual gammagraphies and establishment of radiographic parameters to complex radiation geometries were done. Results show the viability of the radiographic inspection analyzing the armour wires' rupture and the displacement between wires.

  20. Flexible Coal: Evolution from Baseload to Peaking Plant (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochran, J.; Lew, D.; Kumar, N.

    2013-12-01

    Twenty-first century power systems, with higher penetration levels of low-carbon energy, smart grids, and other emerging technologies, will favor resources that have low marginal costs and provide system flexibility (e.g., the ability to cycle on and off to follow changes in variable renewable energy plant output). Questions remain about both the fate of coal plants in this scenario and whether they can cost-effectively continue to operate if they cycle routinely. The experience from the CGS plant demonstrates that coal plants can become flexible resources. This flexibility - namely the ability to cycle on and off and run at lower output (below 40% of capacity) - requires limited hardware modifications but extensive modifications to operational practice. Cycling does damage the plant and impact its life expectancy compared to baseload operations. Nevertheless, strategic modifications, proactive inspections and training programs, among other operational changes to accommodate cycling, can minimize the extent of damage and optimize the cost of maintenance. CGS's cycling, but not necessarily the associated price tag, is replicable. Context - namely, power market opportunities and composition of the generation fleet - will help determine for other coal plants the optimal balance between the level of cycling-related forced outages and the level of capital investment required to minimize those outages. Replicating CGS's experience elsewhere will likely require a higher acceptance of forced outages than regulators and plant operators are accustomed to; however, an increase in strategic maintenance can minimize the impact on outage rates.

  1. Direct plasma injection scheme with various ion beams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Okamura, M.

    2010-09-15

    The laser ion source is one of the most powerful heavy ion sources. However, it is difficult to obtain good stability and to control its intense current. To overcome these difficulties, we proposed a new beam injection scheme called 'direct plasma injection scheme'. Following this it was established to provide various species with desired charge state as an intense accelerated beam. Carbon, aluminum and iron beams have been tested.

  2. Conformal Behavior at Four Loops and Scheme (In)Dependence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas A. Ryttov

    2014-10-01

    We search for infrared zeros of the beta function and evaluate the anomalous dimension of the mass at the associated fixed point for asymptotically free vector-like fermionic gauge theories with gauge group SU(N). The fixed points of the beta function are studied at the two, three and four loop level in two different explicit schemes. These are the modified regularization invariant, RI', scheme and the minimal momentum subtraction, mMOM, scheme. The search is performed in Landau gauge where the beta function of the gauge parameter vanishes. We then compare our findings to earlier identical investigations performed in the modified minimal subtraction, $\\bar{\\text{MS}}$, scheme. It is found that the value of the anomalous dimension of the mass is smaller at three and four loops than at two loops. This seems to be a generic pattern that is observed in all three different schemes. We then estimate the value of the anomalous dimension to be $\\gamma \\sim 0.225-0.375$ for twelve fundamental flavors and three colors, $\\gamma \\sim 0.500 - 0.593$ for two adjoint flavors and two colors and finally $\\gamma \\sim 1.12-1.70$ for two two-indexed flavors and three colors with the lower and upper bound set by the minimum and maximum value respectively over all three schemes and at three and four loops. Our analysis suggests that the former two theories lie in the conformal window while the latter belongs to the chirally broken phase.

  3. Screening Hofmann Compounds as CO{sub 2} Sorbents: Nontraditional Synthetic Route to Over 40 Different Pore-Functionalized and Flexible Pillared Cyanonickelates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Culp, Jeffrey T.; Madden, Catherine; Kauffman, Kristi; Shi, Fan; Matranga, Christopher

    2013-04-15

    A simple reaction scheme based on the heterogeneous intercalation of pillaring ligands (HIPLs) provides a convenient method for systematically tuning pore size, pore functionality, and network flexibility in an extended series of pillared cyanonickelates (PICNICs), commonly referred to as Hofmann compounds. The versatility of the approach is demonstrated through the preparation of over 40 different PICNICs containing pillar ligands ranging from ?4 to ?15 Å in length and modified with a wide range of functional groups, including fluoro, aldehyde, alkylamine, alkyl, aryl, trifluoromethyl, ester, nitro, ether, and nonmetalated 4,4?-bipyrimidine. The HIPL method involves reaction of a suspension of preformed polymeric sheets of powdered anhydrous nickel cyanide with an appropriate pillar ligand in refluxing organic solvent, resulting in the conversion of the planar [Ni{sub 2}(CN){sub 4}]{sub n} networks into polycrystalline three-dimensional porous frameworks containing the organic pillar ligand. Preliminary investigations indicate that the HIPL reaction is also amenable to forming Co(L)Ni(CN){sub 4}, Fe(L)Ni(CN){sub 4}, and Fe(L)Pd(CN){sub 4} networks. The materials show variable adsorption behavior for CO{sub 2} depending on the pillar length and pillar functionalization. Several compounds show structurally flexible behavior during the adsorption and desorption of CO{sub 2}. Interestingly, the newly discovered flexible compounds include two flexible Fe(L)Ni(CN){sub 4} derivatives that are structurally related to previously reported porous spin-crossover compounds. The preparations of 20 pillar ligands based on ring-functionalized 4,4?-dipyridyls, 1,4-bis(4- pyridyl)benzenes, and N-(4-pyridyl)isonicotinamides are also described.

  4. Industrial Steam System Process-Control Schemes: A BestPractices...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    control schemes can be applied to the following generic applications: * Temperature * Flow * Level * Pressure. A control system will use one or more of the above schemes to...

  5. The Influence of a CO2 Pricing Scheme on Distributed Energy Resources in California's Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2010-01-01

    The Influence of a CO2 Pricing Scheme on Distributed Energy5. Regional Results for the CO2 Pricing Scheme no-invest

  6. Solvation Free Energies of Alanine Peptides: The Effect of Flexibility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kokubo, Hironori; Harris, Robert C.; Asthagiri, Dilip; Pettitt, Bernard M.

    2013-12-03

    The electrostatic (?Gel), cavity-formation (?Gvdw), and total (?G) solvation free energies for 10 alanine peptides ranging in length (n) from 1 to 10 monomers were calculated. The free energies were computed both with xed, extended conformations of the peptides and again for some of the peptides without constraints. The solvation free energies, ?Gel, ?Gvdw, and ?G, were found to be linear in n, with the slopes of the best-fit lines being gamma_el, gamma_vdw, and gamma, respectively. Both gamma_el and gamma were negative for fixed and flexible peptides, and gamma_vdw was negative for fixed peptides. That gamma_vdw was negative was surprising, as experimental data on alkanes, theoretical models, and MD computations on small molecules and model systems generally suggest that gamma_vdw should be positive. A negative gamma_vdw seemingly contradicts the notion that ?Gvdw drives the initial collapse of the protein when it folds by favoring conformations with small surface areas, but when we computed ?Gvdw for the flexible peptides, thereby allowing the peptides to assume natural ensembles of more compact conformations, gamma-vdw was positive. Because most proteins do not assume extended conformations, a ?Gvdw that increases with increasing surface area may be typical for globular proteins. An alternative hypothesis is that the collapse is driven by intramolecular interactions. We show that the intramolecular van der Waal's interaction energy is more favorable for the flexible than for the extended peptides, seemingly favoring this hypothesis, but the large fluctuations in this energy may make attributing the collapse of the peptide to this intramolecular energy difficult.

  7. Inversion of seismic reflection traveltimes using a nonlinear optimization scheme

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pullammanappallil, S.K.; Louie, J.N. (Univ. of Nevada, Reno, NV (United States). Mackay School of Mines)

    1993-11-01

    The authors present the use of a nonlinear optimization scheme called generalized simulated annealing to invert seismic reflection times for velocities, reflector depths, and lengths. A finite-difference solution of the eikonal equation computes reflection traveltimes through the velocity model and avoids ray tracing. They test the optimization scheme on synthetic models and compare it with results from a linearized inversion. The synthetic tests illustrate that, unlike linear inversion schemes, the results obtained by the optimization scheme are independent of the initial model. The annealing method has the ability to produce a suite of models that satisfy the data equally well. They make use of this property to determine the uncertainties associated with the model parameters obtained. Synthetic examples demonstrate that allowing the reflector length to vary, along with its position, helps the optimization process obtain a better solution. The authors put this to use in imaging the Garlock fault, whose geometry at depth is poorly known. They use reflection times picked from shot gathers recorded along COCORP Mojave Line 5 to invert for the Garlock fault and velocities within the Cantil Basin below Fremont Valley, California. The velocities within the basin obtained by their optimization scheme are consistent with earlier studies, though their results suggest that the basin might extend 1--2 km further south. The reconstructed reflector seems to suggest shallowing of the dip of the Garlock fault at depth.

  8. Means to flexibly attach lens frames to temple members

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smith, Harry D. (Richland, WA)

    1995-01-01

    The invention is a band hinge for flexibly connecting the temple member to the lens frame thereby preventing damage from inadvertent pressure or cyclic wear. A distinguishing feature of the invention is the use of a band hinge that holds together the temple member and the lens frame without the use of a pin or screw hinging mechanism. The invention allows for a high degree of freedom of movement for the temple member with respect to the lens frame which will prevent most forms of damages to the glasses from these types of events.

  9. Flexible edge seal for vacuum insulating glazing units

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bettger, Kenneth J.; Stark, David H.

    2012-12-11

    A flexible edge seal is provided for a vacuum insulating glazing unit having a first glass pane and a second glass pane spaced-apart from the first. The edge seal comprises a seal member formed of a hermetically bondable material and having a first end, a second end and a center section disposed therebetween. The first end is hermetically bondable to a first glass pane. The second end is hermetically bondable to a second glass pane. The center section comprises a plurality of convolutes.

  10. Flexible metallic seal for transition duct in turbine system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Flanagan, James Scott; LeBegue, Jeffrey Scott; McMahan, Kevin Weston; Dillard, Daniel Jackson; Pentecost, Ronnie Ray

    2014-04-22

    A turbine system is disclosed. In one embodiment, the turbine system includes a transition duct. The transition duct includes an inlet, an outlet, and a passage extending between the inlet and the outlet and defining a longitudinal axis, a radial axis, and a tangential axis. The outlet of the transition duct is offset from the inlet along the longitudinal axis and the tangential axis. The transition duct further includes an interface member for interfacing with a turbine section. The turbine system further includes a flexible metallic seal contacting the interface member to provide a seal between the interface member and the turbine section.

  11. Printable, flexible and stretchable diamond for thermal management

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A; Kim, Tae Ho; Choi, Won Mook; Kim, Dae Hyeong; Meitl, Matthew; Menard, Etienne; Carlisle, John

    2013-06-25

    Various heat-sinked components and methods of making heat-sinked components are disclosed where diamond in thermal contact with one or more heat-generating components are capable of dissipating heat, thereby providing thermally-regulated components. Thermally conductive diamond is provided in patterns capable of providing efficient and maximum heat transfer away from components that may be susceptible to damage by elevated temperatures. The devices and methods are used to cool flexible electronics, integrated circuits and other complex electronics that tend to generate significant heat. Also provided are methods of making printable diamond patterns that can be used in a range of devices and device components.

  12. Using Flexible Pipe (poly-pipe) with Surface Irrigation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peries, Xavier; Enciso, Juan

    2005-10-05

    the Correct Type of Poly-pipe The most important of several pipe-selection char- acteristics are thickness and diameter (see Table 1). Thickness determines pipe durability. Some farmers prefer thinner poly-pipe (6 mil); because poly-pipe is sold by weight..., they can save money by econo- mizing on thickness. Poly-pipes also come in larger thicknesses (15 mil), allowing more pressure to be contained (up to 5 feet of water head or 2.15 psi). Flexible Pipe (poly-pipe) Surface Irrigation...

  13. Non-pulsed electrochemical impregnation of flexible metallic battery plaques

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Maskalick, Nicholas J. (Pittsburgh, PA)

    1982-01-01

    A method of loading active battery material into porous, flexible, metallic battery plaques, comprises the following steps: precipitating nickel hydroxide active material within the plaque, by making the plaque cathodic, at a high current density, in an electro-precipitation cell also containing a consumable nickel anode and a solution comprising nickel nitrate, having a pH of between 2.0 and 2.8; electrochemically oxidizing the precipitate in caustic formation solution; and repeating the electro-precipitation step at a low current density.

  14. Flexible Work Arrangements Go Outside the Box | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journal Article) |Final ReporttheHouseNew ventureFlexible Work Arrangements

  15. Full-Length Structures of BenM and Two Variants Reveal Different Oligomerization Schemes for LysR-Type Transcriptional Regulators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruangprasert, Ajchareeya; Craven, Sarah H.; Neidle, Ellen L.; Momany, Cory (Georgia)

    2010-11-30

    BenM, a LysR-type transcriptional regulator (LTTR) from the bacterium Acinetobacter baylyi, responds synergistically to benzoate and cis,cis-muconate. With these effectors, BenM activates gene expression during benzoate consumption. Without effectors, BenM represses transcription. Here, X-ray crystallography was used to determine the full-length structures of BenM and two variants that activate transcription without benzoate or cis,cis-muconate: BenM(R156H) and BenM(E226K). Previous studies indicate that these regulators function as tetramers. Here, interconnections between subunits in the crystals prevented the formation of a closed oligomer and highlighted the inherent flexibility of this multidomain regulator. Nevertheless, analysis of subunit interfaces suggested the functional significance of key interactions. The structures of BenM and its variants were nearly identical, implying that transcriptional differences rely on factors beyond major conformational changes defined solely by sequence. Comparisons of BenM with other LTTRs, including unpublished structures in the Protein Data Bank, revealed extensive variation in the relative orientations of DNA-binding domains (DBDs) and effector-binding domains (EBDs). To form dimers, different LTTRs used similar interfaces between two EBDs, each containing two subdomains: EBD-I and EBD-II. Surprisingly, the dimers used three substantially different schemes to form higher-order oligomers. In one scheme used by BenM, oligomer assembly involved contacts between the EBD-II regions and the DBD regions of adjacent subunits. In another scheme, there were no contacts between the EBDs; only the DBDs were involved in tetramer formation. In the third scheme, the oligomer interface involved DBD and EBD-I/EBD-II contacts. These diverse schemes demonstrate novel variation in the oligomeric structures of individual LTTRs within this large and important family.

  16. A bottom-up analysis of including aviation within theEU's Emissions Trading Scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    A bottom-up analysis of including aviation within theEU's Emissions Trading Scheme Alice Bows-up analysis of including aviation within the EU's Emissions Trading Scheme Alice Bows & Kevin Anderson Tyndall's emissions trading scheme. Results indicate that unless the scheme adopts both an early baseline year

  17. Buffer Management Schemes for Supporting TCP in Gigabit Routers with Per-flow Queueing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stiliadis, Dimitrios

    - tection) [3] scheme to prevent lockout (where one connection monopolizes the link) and to prevent global

  18. Forward Security in Threshold Signature Schemes MICHEL ABDALLA SARA MINER y CHANATHIP NAMPREMPRE z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Forward Security in Threshold Signature Schemes MICHEL ABDALLA #3; SARA MINER y CHANATHIP of the Bellare­Miner forward­secure signature scheme, which is Fiat­Shamir­based. One scheme uses multiplicative secret sharing, and we prove it forward­secure based on the security of the Bellare­Miner scheme. We

  19. A Multivariate based Threshold Ring Signature Scheme Albrecht Petzoldt1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    A Multivariate based Threshold Ring Signature Scheme Albrecht Petzoldt1,2 , Stanislav Bulygin1.buchmann,Stanislav.Bulygin}@cased.de Abstract. In [16], Sakumoto et al. presented a new multivariate identification scheme, whose security is the first multivariate scheme of this type and generally the first multivariate signature scheme

  20. Compounding Secret Sharing Schemes E. Martinez-Moro, J. Mozo-Fernandez and C. Munuera 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    schemes. Key Words: Cryptography, Secret sharing schemes, Threshold schemes. Subject Classification: (MSC scheme realizing it. More generally we define the optimal information rate of the structure as () = sup in real life participants are, in a natural way, in a hierarchy and not on equal terms. Then, structures

  1. Low Magnetic Reynolds Number Hypersonic MHD Flow Using High Order WENO Schemes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zha, Gecheng

    diffusion scheme for 3D Navier-Stokes equa- tions. We present results for hypersonic laminar flows around diffusion E-CUSP (LDE) scheme with a fifth order WENO scheme was developed to resolve flow fields with shockLow Magnetic Reynolds Number Hypersonic MHD Flow Using High Order WENO Schemes Jaejin Lee , Manuel

  2. Set Theory as the Unified Scheme for Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrey V. Novikov-Borodin

    2015-01-08

    The process of cognition is analysed to adjust the set theory to physical description. Postulates and basic definitions are revised. The specific sets of predicates, called presets, corresponding to the physical objects identified by an observer during cognition are introduced. Unlike sets, the presets are free of logical or set-theoretical paradoxes and may be consistently used in physical description. Schemes of cognition based on presets are considered. Being different logical systems, the relativistic and quantum theories, observations in modern cosmology cannot be consistently considered in one `unified physical theory', but they are in frames of introduced schemes of cognition.

  3. Crab Crossing Schemes and Studies for Electron Ion Collider

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    S. Ahmed, Y. Derbenev, V. Morozov, A. Castilla, G.A. Krafft, B. Yunn, Y. Zhang, J.R. Delayen

    2011-09-01

    This report shows our progress in crab crossing consideration for future electron-ion collider envisioned at JLab. In this design phase, we are evaluating two crabbing schemes viz., the deflecting and dispersive. The mathematical formulations and lattice design for these schemes are discussed in this paper. Numerical simulations involving particle tracking through a realistic deflecting RF cavity and optics illustrate the desired crab tilt of 25 mrad for 1.35 MV. Evolution of beam propagation are shown which provides the physical insight of the crabbing phenomenon.

  4. Reinforced Electrode Architecture for a Flexible Battery with Paperlike Characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaikwad, AM; Chu, HN; Qeraj, R; Zamarayeva, AM; Steingart, DA

    2013-02-10

    Compliant energy storage has not kept pace with flexible electronics. Herein we demonstrate a technique to reinforce arbitrary battery electrodes by supporting them with mechanically tough, low-cost fibrous membranes, which also serve as the separator. The membranes were laminated to form a full cell, and this stacked membrane reinforcement bears the loads during flexing. This technique was used to make a high energy density, nontoxic Zn-MnO2 battery with printed current collectors. The Zn and MnO2 electrodes were prepared by using a solution-based embedding process. The cell had a nominal potential of 1.5 V and an effective capacity of approximately 3 mA h cm(-2). We investigated the effect of bending and fatigue on the electrochemical performance and mechanical integrity of the battery. The battery was able to maintain its capacity even after 1000 flex cycles to a bend radius of 2.54 cm. The battery showed an improvement in discharge capacity (ca. 10%) if the MnO2 electrode was flexed to tension as a result of the improvement of particle-to-particle contact. In a demonstration, the flexible battery was used to power a light-emitting diode display integrated with a strain sensor and microcontroller.

  5. Semi-flexible bimetal-based thermal energy harvesters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boisseau, S; Monfray, S; Puscasu, O; Skotnicki, T; 10.1088/0964-1726/22/2/025021

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces a new semi-flexible device able to turn thermal gradients into electricity by using a curved bimetal coupled to an electret-based converter. In fact, a two-steps conversion is carried out: (i) a curved bimetal turns the thermal gradient into a mechanical oscillation that is then (ii) converted into electricity thanks to an electrostatic converter using electrets in Teflon (r). The semi-flexible and low cost design of these new energy converters pave the way to mass production over large areas of thermal energy harvesters. Raw output powers up to 13.46uW per device were reached on a hot source at 60{\\deg}C and forced convection. Then, a DC-to-DC flyback converter has been sized to turn the energy harvesters' raw output powers into a viable supply source for an electronic circuit (DC-3V). At the end, 10uW of directly usable output power were reached with 3 devices, which is compatible with Wireless Sensor Networks powering applications. Please cite as : S Boisseau et al 2013 Smart Mater. S...

  6. Chaotic dynamics of flexible Euler-Bernoulli beams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Awrejcewicz, J., E-mail: awrejcew@p.lodz.pl [Department of Automation, Biomechanics and Mechatronics, Lodz University of Technology, 1/15 Stefanowski St., 90-924 Lodz, Poland and Department of Vehicles, Warsaw University of Technology, 84 Narbutta St., 02-524 Warsaw (Poland); Krysko, A. V., E-mail: anton.krysko@gmail.com [Department of Applied Mathematics and Systems Analysis, Saratov State Technical University, Politehnicheskaya 77, 410054 Saratov (Russian Federation); Kutepov, I. E., E-mail: iekutepov@gmail.com; Zagniboroda, N. A., E-mail: tssrat@mail.ru; Dobriyan, V., E-mail: Dobriy88@yandex.ru; Krysko, V. A., E-mail: tak@san.ru [Department of Mathematics and Modeling, Saratov State Technical University, Politehnicheskaya 77, 410054 Saratov (Russian Federation)

    2013-12-15

    Mathematical modeling and analysis of spatio-temporal chaotic dynamics of flexible simple and curved Euler-Bernoulli beams are carried out. The Kármán-type geometric non-linearity is considered. Algorithms reducing partial differential equations which govern the dynamics of studied objects and associated boundary value problems are reduced to the Cauchy problem through both Finite Difference Method with the approximation of O(c{sup 2}) and Finite Element Method. The obtained Cauchy problem is solved via the fourth and sixth-order Runge-Kutta methods. Validity and reliability of the results are rigorously discussed. Analysis of the chaotic dynamics of flexible Euler-Bernoulli beams for a series of boundary conditions is carried out with the help of the qualitative theory of differential equations. We analyze time histories, phase and modal portraits, autocorrelation functions, the Poincaré and pseudo-Poincaré maps, signs of the first four Lyapunov exponents, as well as the compression factor of the phase volume of an attractor. A novel scenario of transition from periodicity to chaos is obtained, and a transition from chaos to hyper-chaos is illustrated. In particular, we study and explain the phenomenon of transition from symmetric to asymmetric vibrations. Vibration-type charts are given regarding two control parameters: amplitude q{sub 0} and frequency ?{sub p} of the uniformly distributed periodic excitation. Furthermore, we detected and illustrated how the so called temporal-space chaos is developed following the transition from regular to chaotic system dynamics.

  7. 25 Year Lifetime for Flexible Buildings Integrated Photovoltaics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gross, Mark E.

    2010-07-10

    Although preliminary proof-of-principle of the efficacy of barrier materials and processes, first developed by Battelle at PNNL and commercialized by Vitex, has been demonstrated at the laboratory scale, there are several challenges to the practical commercial implementation of these developments in the Buildings Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) market. Two important issues that are addressed in this project are identifying a low cost substrate material that can survive in the outside environment (rain, heat, dust, hail, etc.) for 25 years and developing an encapsulation method for the photovoltaic (PV) cells that can meet the required barrier performance without driving the cost of the total barrier package out of range (remaining below $3.00/Wp). Without these solutions, current encapsulation technologies will limit the use of PV for BIPV applications. Flexible, light-weight packaging that can withstand 25 years in the field is required for a totally flexible integrated PV package. The benefit of this research is to make substantial progress in the development of a cost-effective, viable thin film barrier package which will be a critical enabling technology to meet the Solar America Initiative cost and device reliability goals, and to make photovoltaics (PV) more cost-competitive with electricity generated using fossil fuels. Increased PV installations will enable increased US electrical capacity and reduce dependence on imported oil through increased utilization of a widely abundant source of renewable energy (sunlight).

  8. Improved HEPA Filter Technology for Flexible and Rigid Containment Barriers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    P. A. Pinson

    1998-07-01

    Safety and reliability in glovebox operations can be significantly improved and waste packaging efficiencies can be increased by inserting flexible, lightweight, high capacity HEPA filters into the walls of plastic sheet barriers. This HEPA filter/barrier technology can be adapted to a wide variety of applications: disposable waste bags, protective environmental barriers for electronic equipment, single or multiple use glovebag assemblies, flexible glovebox wall elements, and room partitions. These reliable and inexpensive filtered barriers have many uses in fields such as radioactive waste processing, HVAC filter changeout, vapor or grit blasting, asbestos cleanup, pharmaceutical, medical, biological, and electronic equipment containment. The applications can result in significant cost savings, improved operational reliability and safety, and total waste volume reduction. This technology was developed at the Argonne National Laboratory-West (ANL-W) in 1993 and has been used at ANL-W since then at the TRU Waste Characterization Chamber Gloveboxes. Another 1998 AGS Conference paper titled "TRU Waste Characterization Gloveboxes", presented by Mr. David Duncan of ANL-W, describes these boxes.

  9. Specificity, flexibility and valence of DNA bonds guide emulsion architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lang Feng; Lea-Laetitia Pontani; Remi Dreyfus; Paul Chaikin; Jasna Brujic

    2013-03-25

    The specificity and thermal reversibility of DNA interactions have enabled the self-assembly of crystal structures, self-replicating materials and colloidal molecules. Grafting DNA onto liquid interfaces of emulsions leads to exciting new architectural possibilities due to the mobility of the DNA ligands and the patches they form between bound droplets. Here we show that the size and number of these adhesion patches (valency) can be controlled. Valence 2 leads to flexible polymers of emulsion droplets, while valence above 4 leads to rigid droplet networks. A simple thermodynamic model quantitatively describes the increase in the patch size with droplet radii, DNA concentration and the stiffness of the tether to the sticky-end. The patches are formed between droplets with complementary DNA strands or alternatively with complementary colloidal nanoparticles to mediate DNA binding between droplets. This emulsion system opens the route to directed self-assembly of more complex structures through distinct DNA bonds with varying strengths and controlled valence and flexibility.

  10. On-line supplement: The Turbulence Parameterization Scheme The turbulence scheme used in this work is adapted from a more comprehensive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Yanping

    On-line supplement: The Turbulence Parameterization Scheme The turbulence scheme used in this work-gradient turbulent transfer processes for cloud-free conditions. Throughout this supplement w denotes vertical

  11. Separation of polar compounds using a flexible metal-organic framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Motkuri, Radha K.; Thallapally, Praveen K.; Annapureddy, Harsha V.; Dang, Liem X.; Krishna, Rajamani; Nune, Satish K.; Fernandez, Carlos A.; Liu, Jian; McGrail, B. Peter

    2015-01-01

    A flexible metal-organic framework constructed from a flexible linker is shown to possess the capability of separating mixtures of polar compounds by exploiting the differences in the saturation capacities of the constituents. The separation possibilities with the flexible MOF include mixtures of propanol isomers, and various azeotropes. Transient breakthrough simulations show that these sorption-based separations are in favor of the component with higher saturation capacity.

  12. Adhesive flexible barrier film, method of forming same, and organic electronic device including same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blizzard, John Donald; Weidner, William Kenneth

    2013-02-05

    An adhesive flexible barrier film comprises a substrate and a barrier layer disposed on the substrate. The barrier layer is formed from a barrier composition comprising an organosilicon compound. The adhesive flexible barrier film also comprises an adhesive layer disposed on the barrier layer and formed from an adhesive composition. A method of forming the adhesive flexible barrier film comprises the steps of disposing the barrier composition on the substrate to form the barrier layer, disposing the adhesive composition on the barrier layer to form the adhesive layer, and curing the barrier layer and the adhesive layer. The adhesive flexible barrier film may be utilized in organic electronic devices.

  13. Apparatus And Method Of Using Flexible Printed Circuit Board In Optical Transceiver Device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, Gene R. (Albuquerque, NM); Armendariz, Marcelino G. (Albuquerque, NM); Bryan, Robert P. (Albuquerque, NM); Carson, Richard F. (Albuquerque, NM); Duckett, III, Edwin B. (Albuquerque, NM); McCormick, Frederick B. (Albuquerque, NM); Peterson, David W. (Sandia Park, NM); Peterson, Gary D. (Albuquerque, NM); Reysen, Bill H. (Lafayette, CO)

    2005-03-15

    This invention relates to a flexible printed circuit board that is used in connection with an optical transmitter, receiver or transceiver module. In one embodiment, the flexible printed circuit board has flexible metal layers in between flexible insulating layers, and the circuit board comprises: (1) a main body region orientated in a first direction having at least one electrical or optoelectronic device; (2) a plurality of electrical contact pads integrated into the main body region, where the electrical contact pads function to connect the flexible printed circuit board to an external environment; (3) a buckle region extending from one end of the main body region; and (4) a head region extending from one end of the buckle region, and where the head region is orientated so that it is at an angle relative to the direction of the main body region. The electrical contact pads may be ball grid arrays, solder balls or land-grid arrays, and they function to connect the circuit board to an external environment. A driver or amplifier chip may be adapted to the head region of the flexible printed circuit board. In another embodiment, a heat spreader passes along a surface of the head region of the flexible printed circuit board, and a window is formed in the head region of the flexible printed circuit board. Optoelectronic devices are adapted to the head spreader in such a manner that they are accessible through the window in the flexible printed circuit board.

  14. Energy-Efficient Routing Schemes for Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Maleq

    -configuration. Data-centric routing is a new use- ful paradigm for energy-constrained sensor networks. The data coming config- urations and data-centric routing schemes to minimize en- ergy consumption for both random processes, Opti- mization, Sensor networks, Data-centric routing. I. INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW Advances

  15. A Distributed Public Key Caching Scheme in Large Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, Jing

    -constrained, in terms of computational power, battery energy, and on-board memory space. For example, the prototypeA Distributed Public Key Caching Scheme in Large Wireless Networks Yuan Kong Jing Deng Stephen R in wireless networks, the public keys of the nodes need to be widely available and signed by a Certificate

  16. Scheme independence as an inherent redundancy in quantum field theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jose I. Latorre; Tim R. Morris

    2001-02-07

    The path integral formulation of Quantum Field Theory implies an infinite set of local, Schwinger-Dyson-like relations. Exact renormalization group equations can be cast as a particular instance of these relations. Furthermore, exact scheme independence is turned into a vector field transformation of the kernel of the exact renormalization group equation under field redefinitions.

  17. Minimal Schemes for Large Neutrino Mixings with Inverted Hierarchy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duane A. Dicus; Hong-Jian He; John N. Ng

    2002-05-17

    Existing oscillation data point to nonzero neutrino masses with large mixings. We analyze the generic features of the neutrino Majorana mass matrix with inverted hierarchy and construct realistic {\\it minimal schemes} for the neutrino mass matrix that can explain the large (but not maximal) \

  18. LMS: A Router Assisted Scheme for Reliable Multicast Christos Papadopoulos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papadopoulos, Christos

    1 LMS: A Router Assisted Scheme for Reliable Multicast Christos Papadopoulos University of Southern­weight Multicast Ser­ vices (LMS), which enhance the existing multicast model with simple forwarding services that do not require transport level actions. Using LMS, routers tag and steer transport­level control

  19. Pricing Web Services for Optimizing Resource Allocation An Implementation Scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Zhangxi

    Pricing Web Services for Optimizing Resource Allocation ­ An Implementation Scheme Zhangxi Lin of Research Information Management Texas Tech University sathya.ramanathan@ttu.edu Abstract Web services upon open standards such as SOAP, WSDL, UDDI, and BPEL4WS, web services allow web-based applications

  20. A Version Numbering Scheme with a Useful Lexicographical Order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Arthur M.

    A Version Numbering Scheme with a Useful Lexicographical Order Arthur M. Kellery Je rey D. Ullmanz Engineering Database. This e ort is funded in part by NSF grant IRI 91 16646. yArthur Keller's e-mail address records can be obtained in little more than the time it takes to access data of this bulk. Our primary

  1. A More Secure and Efficacious TTS Signature Scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    . Moh's theory ([37]) for digital signatures, based on Tame Transformations or Tame Maps. Properties: multivariate, public­key, digital signature, finite field, tame transformation. Note from the authors (Tame Transformation Signatures) digital signature schemes belong to this extended family. We propose

  2. A More Secure and Efficacious TTS Signature Scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    . Moh's theory ([35]) for digital signatures, based on Tame Transformations or Tame Maps. Properties: multivariate, public-key, digital signature, finite field, tame transformation. Note from the authors (Tame Transformation Signatures) digital signature schemes belong to this extended family. We propose

  3. A new blowdown compensation scheme for boiler leak detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marquez, Horacio J.

    A new blowdown compensation scheme for boiler leak detection A. M. Pertew ,1 X. Sun ,1 R. Kent considers the blowdown effect in industrial boiler operation. This adds to the efficiency of recent advances in identification-based leak detection techniques of boiler steam- water systems. Keywords: Industrial Boilers, Tube

  4. DISCRETE DUALITY FINITE VOLUME SCHEMES FOR DOUBLY NONLINEAR DEGENERATE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    operators 17 3.4. Penalization operator 19 3.5. Discrete convection operator 20 3.6. Projection operators establish the existence and uniqueness of entropy solutions. We then turn to the construction and analysis and well-posedness 5 3. Discrete duality finite volume (DDFV) schemes 13 3.1. Construction of "double

  5. Energy Efficiency of Encryption Schemes Applied to Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heys, Howard

    Energy Efficiency of Encryption Schemes Applied to Wireless Sensor Networks Xueying Zhang, Howard M (ICC 2010), Cape Town, South Africa, May 2010, and "Energy Efficiency of Symmetric Key Cryptographic In this paper, we focus on the energy efficiency of secure communication in wireless sensor networks (WSNs). Our

  6. University of Alberta A MULTI-SPECTRAL DECIMATION SCHEME FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts, Malcolm

    University of Alberta A MULTI-SPECTRAL DECIMATION SCHEME FOR TURBULENCE SIMULATIONS by Malcolm Ian and Statistical Sciences c Malcolm Ian William Roberts Fall, 2006 Edmonton, Alberta Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single #12;copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies

  7. Optimal Suspicion Functions for Tardos Traitor Tracing Schemes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Descriptors E.4 [Data]: Coding and Information Theory; G.1 [Mathematics of Computing]: Numerical Analysis; G.1 functions for Tardos traitor tracing schemes. In the simple decoder approach (computation of a score.6 [Numerical Analysis]: Optimization--Constrained optimization, Stochastic programming General Terms Design

  8. PICBIT: A Scheme System for the PIC Microcontroller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feeley, Marc

    PICBIT: A Scheme System for the PIC Microcontroller Marc Feeley / Universit´e de Montr´eal Danny which specifically targets the PIC microcontroller family. The PIC is a popular inexpensive single for the PIC microcontroller family which has even tighter memory constraints. 2 THE PIC MICROCONTROLLER

  9. PARTICLE SWARM OPTIMISATION AIDED MULTIUSER TRANSMISSION SCHEMES FOR MIMO COMMUNICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng

    . In this contribution, particle swarm optimisation (PSO) is invoked for designing optimal multiuser transmission (MUT-error-rate (MBER) linear MUT using PSO and we design a PSO aided MBER generalised vector precoding for nonlinear MUT. These PSO aided MUT techniques compare favourably with the state-of-the-art conventional schemes

  10. An Efficient Hierarchical Scheme for Locating Highly Mobile Users \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fudos, Ioannis

    on the maximum number of the forwarding pointers and the other on the distance of the move. In addition, we, a scheme based on forwarding pointers is presented, that reduces the cost of the overall network the number of forwarding pointers that need to be traversed to locate a user, auxiliary caching techniques

  11. Cryptanalysis of Two Dynamic IDbased Remote User Authentication Schemes for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    University, Harbin City 150001, China 2 Automobile Management Institute of PLA, Bengbu City 233011, China guessing attack under their non­tamper resistance assumption of the smart card; (2) It fails to provide of schemes. Keywords: Cryptanalysis, Authentication protocol, O#ine password guessing attack, Smart card

  12. Mathematical study of a petroleum-engineering scheme Robert EYMARD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herbin, Raphaèle

    Mathematical study of a petroleum-engineering scheme Robert EYMARD , Rapha`ele HERBIN , and Anthony MICHEL October 8, 2002 Abstract Models of two phase flows in porous media, used in petroleum engineering are assumed to be incompressible and immiscible (the petroleum engineering "dead-oil" model). Let us

  13. Embedded metal nanopatterns as a general scheme for enhanced

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, Michael J.

    Embedded metal nanopatterns as a general scheme for enhanced broadband light absorption Fan Ye Published online 24 October 2014 Keywords broadband enhanced absorption, embedded metal nanopattern of dielectric or metallic nanoparticles or nanopatterns on top of, below, or embedded within a photovoltaic (PV

  14. Image Fusion schemes using ICA bases Nikolaos Mitianoudis, Tania Stathaki

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitianoudis, Nikolaos

    Image Fusion schemes using ICA bases Nikolaos Mitianoudis, Tania Stathaki Communications and Signal Processing group, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, SW7 2AZ London, UK Abstract Image fusion as analysis and synthesis tools for image fusion by the fusion community. Using various fusion rules, one can

  15. The Software Invention Cube: a Classification Scheme for Software Inventions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klint, Paul

    The Software Invention Cube: a Classification Scheme for Software Inventions Jan A. Bergstra.science.uva.nl/~janb and Paul Klint Centrum voor Wiskunde en Informatica (CWI), Software Engineering Department and Informatics system aims at protecting inventions. The requirement that a software invention should make `a technical

  16. Gambit-C, a portable implementation of Scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The ' -v ' option prints the system version string, system time stamp, ...... When even finer control is desired the build process can be decomposed into ...... The console implements a simple Scheme-friendly line-editing user-interface that is ..... Currently the compiler and interpreter use different methods, which can lead to ...

  17. CONSTRUCTING SECURE CONTENT-DEPENDENT WATERMARKING SCHEME USING HOMOMORPHIC ENCRYPTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Qibin

    CONSTRUCTING SECURE CONTENT-DEPENDENT WATERMARKING SCHEME USING HOMOMORPHIC ENCRYPTION Zhi Li.a-star.edu.sg ABSTRACT Content-dependent watermarking (CDWM) has been pro- posed as a solution to overcome the potential and cryptography. 1. INTRODUCTION Consider a simplified model of Spread-Spectrum (SS) water- marking. Let x

  18. Displacement Correction Scheme for MR-Guided Interstitial Laser Therapy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    Displacement Correction Scheme for MR-Guided Interstitial Laser Therapy S. Suprijanto1 , M.W. Vogel[1,3]. In the absence of motion, MR thermometry based on phase imaging is quite accurate[12 , F.M. Vos1 , H.A. Vrooman2,3 , and A.M. Vossepoel1 1 Pattern Recognition Group, Department

  19. Pricing Schemes for Metropolitan Traffic Data Markets Negin Golrezaei1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahabi, Cyrus

    Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089 {golrezae, nazerzad of the pricing schemes applicable to data marketplaces in the context of transportation traffic data. Traffic congestion is a growing problem in many metropolitan areas. It not only wastes our time and energy

  20. A unified enrichment scheme for fracture Safdar Abbas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A unified enrichment scheme for fracture problems Safdar Abbas Thomas-Peter Fries AICES, RWTH XFEM in fracture mechanics Numerical examples (cohesionless cracks) Numerical examples (cohesive cracks) Conclusions Future outlook 2 #12;Motivation Outline Motivation XFEM in fracture mechanics Numerical examples

  1. Novel coupling scheme to control dynamics of coupled discrete systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snehal M. Shekatkar; G. Ambika

    2015-08-08

    We present a new coupling scheme to control spatio-temporal patterns and chimeras on 1-d and 2-d lattices and random networks of discrete dynamical systems. The scheme involves coupling with an external lattice or network of damped systems. When the system network and external network are set in a feedback loop, the system network can be controlled to a homogeneous steady state or synchronized periodic state with suppression of the chaotic dynamics of the individual units. The control scheme has the advantage that its design does not require any prior information about the system dynamics or its parameters and works effectively for a range of parameters of the control network. We analyze the stability of the controlled steady state or amplitude death state of lattices using the theory of circulant matrices and Routh-Hurwitz's criterion for discrete systems and this helps to isolate regions of effective control in the relevant parameter planes. The conditions thus obtained are found to agree well with those obtained from direct numerical simulations in the specific context of lattices with logistic map and Henon map as on-site system dynamics. We show how chimera states developed in an experimentally realizable 2-d lattice can be controlled using this scheme. We propose this mechanism can provide a phenomenological model for the control of spatio-temporal patterns in coupled neurons due to non-synaptic coupling with the extra cellular medium. We extend the control scheme to regulate dynamics on random networks and adapt the master stability function method to analyze the stability of the controlled state for various topologies and coupling strengths.

  2. Topsides equipment, operating flexibility key floating LNG design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yost, K.; Lopez, R.; Mok, J.

    1998-03-09

    Use of a large-scale floating liquefied natural gas (LNG) plant is an economical alternative to an onshore plant for producing from an offshore field. Mobil Technology Co., Dallas, has advanced a design for such a plant that is technically feasible, economical, safe, and reliable. Presented were descriptions of the general design basis, hull modeling and testing, topsides and storage layouts, and LNG offloading. But such a design also presents challenges for designing topsides equipment in an offshore environment and for including flexibility and safety. These are covered in this second article. Mobil`s floating LNG plant design calls for a square concrete barge with a moon-pool in the center. It is designed to produce 6 million tons/year of LNG with up to 55,000 b/d of condensate from 1 bcfd of raw feed gas.

  3. Direct printing and reduction of graphite oxide for flexible supercapacitors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jung, Hanyung; Ve Cheah, Chang; Jeong, Namjo; Lee, Junghoon

    2014-08-04

    We report direct printing and photo-thermal reduction of graphite oxide (GO) to obtain a highly porous pattern of interdigitated electrodes, leading to a supercapacitor on a flexible substrate. Key parameters optimized include the amount of GO delivered, the suitable photo-thermal energy level for effective flash reduction, and the substrate properties for appropriate adhesion after reduction. Tests with supercapacitors based on the printed-reduced GO showed performance comparable with commercial supercapacitors: the energy densities were 1.06 and 0.87 mWh/cm{sup 3} in ionic and organic electrolytes, respectively. The versatility in the architecture and choice of substrate makes this material promising for smart power applications.

  4. A genetic algorithm based method for docking flexible molecules

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Judson, R.S. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States); Jaeger, E.P.; Treasurywala, A.M. [Sterling-Winthrop Inc., Collegeville, PA (United States)

    1993-11-01

    The authors describe a computational method for docking flexible molecules into protein binding sites. The method uses a genetic algorithm (GA) to search the combined conformation/orientation space of the molecule to find low energy conformation. Several techniques are described that increase the efficiency of the basic search method. These include the use of several interacting GA subpopulations or niches; the use of a growing algorithm that initially docks only a small part of the molecule; and the use of gradient minimization during the search. To illustrate the method, they dock Cbz-GlyP-Leu-Leu (ZGLL) into thermolysin. This system was chosen because a well refined crystal structure is available and because another docking method had previously been tested on this system. Their method is able to find conformations that lie physically close to and in some cases lower in energy than the crystal conformation in reasonable periods of time on readily available hardware.

  5. A Novel Flexible Sinusoidal Probe for Chronic Extracellular Brain Recording

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohal, Harbaljit S; Jackson, Andrew; Baker, Stuart N; O'Neill, Anthony

    2015-01-01

    Current microelectrodes designed to record chronic neural activity suffer from recording instabilities due to the modulus mismatch between the electrode materials and the brain. We sought to address this by microfabricating a novel flexible neural probe. Our probe was fabricated from parylene-C with a WTi metal, using contact photolithography and reactive ion etching, with three design features to address this modulus mismatch: a sinusoidal shaft, a rounded tip and a polyimide anchoring ball. The anchor restricts movement of the electrode recording sites and the shaft accommodates the brain motion. We successfully patterned thick metal and parylene-C layers, with a reliable device release process leading to high functional yield and were able to sample stable neural activity for over 2 years with this probe. We have successfully optimized the fabrication process to produce a reliable probe with high functional yield. This novel reliably microfabricated probe can record stable neural activity for up to two yea...

  6. Flexible nuclear medicine camera and method of using

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dilmanian, F. Avraham (Yaphank, NY); Packer, Samuel (Great Neck, NY); Slatkin, Daniel N. (Sound Beach, NY)

    1996-12-10

    A nuclear medicine camera 10 and method of use photographically record radioactive decay particles emitted from a source, for example a small, previously undetectable breast cancer, inside a patient. The camera 10 includes a flexible frame 20 containing a window 22, a photographic film 24, and a scintillation screen 26, with or without a gamma-ray collimator 34. The frame 20 flexes for following the contour of the examination site on the patient, with the window 22 being disposed in substantially abutting contact with the skin of the patient for reducing the distance between the film 24 and the radiation source inside the patient. The frame 20 is removably affixed to the patient at the examination site for allowing the patient mobility to wear the frame 20 for a predetermined exposure time period. The exposure time may be several days for obtaining early qualitative detection of small malignant neoplasms.

  7. Flexible nuclear medicine camera and method of using

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dilmanian, F.A.; Packer, S.; Slatkin, D.N.

    1996-12-10

    A nuclear medicine camera and method of use photographically record radioactive decay particles emitted from a source, for example a small, previously undetectable breast cancer, inside a patient. The camera includes a flexible frame containing a window, a photographic film, and a scintillation screen, with or without a gamma-ray collimator. The frame flexes for following the contour of the examination site on the patient, with the window being disposed in substantially abutting contact with the skin of the patient for reducing the distance between the film and the radiation source inside the patient. The frame is removably affixed to the patient at the examination site for allowing the patient mobility to wear the frame for a predetermined exposure time period. The exposure time may be several days for obtaining early qualitative detection of small malignant neoplasms. 11 figs.

  8. Accordian-folded boot shield for flexible swivel connection

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hoh, Joseph C. (Naperville, IL)

    1986-01-01

    A flexible swivel boot connector for connecting a first boot shield section to a second boot shield section, both first and second boot sections having openings therethrough, the second boot section having at least two adjacent accordian folds at the end having the opening, the second boot section being positioned through the opening of the first boot section such that a first of the accordian folds is within the first boot section and a second of the accordian folds is outside of the first boot, includes first and second annular discs, the first disc being positioned within and across the first accordian fold, the second disc being positioned within and across the second accordian fold, such that the first boot section is moveably and rigidly connected between the first and second accordian folds of the second boot section.

  9. A New Scheme for Predicting Fair-Weather Cumulus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berg, Larry K.; Stull, Roland B.

    2007-04-01

    A new parameterization for boundary layer cumulus clouds, called the cumulus potential (CuP) scheme, is introduced. Unlike many other parameterizations, the CuP scheme explicitly links the fair-weather clouds to the boundary-layer turbulence and accounts for the non-local nature of the turbulence. This scheme uses joint probability density functions (JPDFs) of virtual potential temperature and water-vapor mixing ratio, as well as the mean vertical profiles of virtual potential temperature, to predict the amount and size distribution of boundary layer cloud cover. This model considers the diversity of air parcels over a heterogeneous surface, and recognizes that some parcels rise above their lifting condensation level to become cumulus, while other parcels might rise as clear updrafts. This model has several unique features: 1) surface heterogeneity and boundary-layer turbulence is represented using the boundary layer JPDF of virtual potential temperature versus water-vapor mixing ratio, 2) clear and cloudy thermals are allowed to coexist at the same altitude, and 3) a range of cloud-base heights, cloud-top heights, and cloud thicknesses are predicted within any one cloud field, as observed. Using data from Boundary Layer Experiment 1996 and a model intercomparsion study using large eddy simulation (LES) based on the Barbados Oceanographic and Meteorological Experiment (BOMEX), the CuP scheme is compared to three other cumulus parameterizations: one based on relative humidity, a statistical scheme based on the saturation deficit, and a slab model. It is shown that the CuP model does a better job predicting the cloud-base height and the cloud-top height than three other parameterizations. The model also shows promise in predicting cloud cover, and is found to give better cloud-cover estimates than the three other cumulus parameterizations. In ongoing work supported by the US Department of Energy¹s Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program, the CuP scheme is being implemented in the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model, in which it replaces the ad-hoc trigger function in an existing cumulus parameterization.

  10. Flexibility and reliability in long-term planning exercises dedicated to the electricity sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Flexibility and reliability in long-term planning exercises dedicated to the electricity sector of these options. This paper focuses on the electricity sector and on problems of flexibility and reliability are assessed through the level of electrical losses they induced and a related cost. These approaches

  11. DOI: 10.1002/cphc.201200529 Quantifying Large Effects of Framework Flexibility on Diffusion in MOFs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nair, Sankar

    as a rigid structure. A small number of computational studies have explored the influence of framework flexibility on molecular diffusion in MOFs.[4] In large-pore materials, the impact of flexibility on dif of interest. It is highly desirable to have efficient and reliable methods that can assess the role of MOF

  12. Spin on dopants for high-performance single-crystal silicon transistors on flexible plastic substrates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    Spin on dopants for high-performance single-crystal silicon transistors on flexible plastic February 2005; published online 23 March 2005 Free-standing micro/nanoelements of single-crystal silicon-temperature device substrates, such as plastic, for high-performance mechanically flexible thin-film transistors TFTs

  13. CIGS Solar Cell on Flexible Stainless Steel Substrate Fabricated by Sputtering Method: Simulation and Experimental Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kanicki, Jerzy

    CIGS Solar Cell on Flexible Stainless Steel Substrate Fabricated by Sputtering Method: Simulation-electronic properties of the Cu(InGa)Se2(CIGS) solar cell fabricated by sputtering method on stainless steel substrate are consistent with each other. 1. Introduction Flexible Cu In Ga Se (CIGS) solar cells are very attractive

  14. A fast, flexible, approximate technique for computing radiative transfer in inhomogeneous cloud fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert, Pincus

    A fast, flexible, approximate technique for computing radiative transfer in inhomogeneous cloud.-J. Morcrette, A fast, flexible, approximate technique for computing radiative transfer in inhomogeneous cloud, which computes fluxes at each level. [3] The description of clouds in current LSMs is quite simple: Most

  15. ADHOC MAC: a new, flexible and reliable MAC architecture for ad-hoc networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borgonovo, Flaminio

    ADHOC MAC: a new, flexible and reliable MAC architecture for ad-hoc networks F. Borgonovo, A, make the design of a prompt, efficient, flexible, and reliable MAC very difficult. An ad hoc network.e., transmissions that reach all terminals within the range allowed by the transmitting power. Due to radio range

  16. Electrostatic Operation and Curvature Modeling for a MEMS Flexible Film Actuator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electrostatic Operation and Curvature Modeling for a MEMS Flexible Film Actuator B. Edmonds, Jr.1 Introduction and Motivation The electrostatic flexible film actuator, also known as an "Artificial Eyelid," is a unique MEMS (MicroElectronic Mechanical System) actuator fabricated from polyimide and thin metal films

  17. Organization of Octopus Arm Movements: A Model System for Studying the Control of Flexible Arms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Organization of Octopus Arm Movements: A Model System for Studying the Control of Flexible Arms, Italy Octopus arm movements provide an extreme example of con- trolled movements of a flexible arm a target were studied. The octopus extends its arm toward the target by a wave-like propagation of a bend

  18. Bending tests of carbon nanotube thin-film transistors on flexible Daniel Pham1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ray

    Bending tests of carbon nanotube thin-film transistors on flexible substrate Daniel Pham1 , Harish, San Marcos, TX 78666. ABSTRACT Bending tests of carbon nanotube thin-film transistors on flexible substrate have been characterized in this paper. The device channel consisting of dense, aligned, 99% pure

  19. Adhesion transition of flexible sheets Arthur A. Evans1,* and Eric Lauga2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lauga, Eric

    Adhesion transition of flexible sheets Arthur A. Evans1,* and Eric Lauga2, 1 Department of Physics to precipitate adhesion events between solid bodies. Inspired by a macro- scale experiment showing the hysteretic adhesion of a piece of flexible tape over a plastic substrate, we develop here a model of far-field dry

  20. Flexible High-Output Nanogenerator Based on Lateral ZnO Nanowire Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    Flexible High-Output Nanogenerator Based on Lateral ZnO Nanowire Array Guang Zhu, Rusen Yang scalable sweeping-printing-method, for fabricating flexible high- output nanogenerator (HONG) that can-circuit voltage of up to 2.03 V and a peak output power density of 11 mW/cm3 have been achieved. The generated

  1. A scalable and flexible hybrid energy storage system design and implementation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    A scalable and flexible hybrid energy storage system design and implementation Younghyun Kim and flexibility. Detailed description on implementation of hybrid energy storage system prototype. Power conversion efficiency and energy storage element characteristics considered. a r t i c l e i n f o Article

  2. Automatic and Flexible: The Case of Non-conscious Goal Pursuit Ran R. Hassin*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bargh, John A.

    Automatic and Flexible: The Case of Non-conscious Goal Pursuit Ran R. Hassin* The Hebrew University this paper suggests that automatic goal pursuit, much like its controlled counterpart, may be flexible. Two understanding of the dichotomy between automatic and controlled processes in general, and for our conception

  3. Product flexibility measurement with enhanced change modes and effects analysis (CMEA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seepersad, Carolyn Conner

    Product flexibility measurement with enhanced change modes and effects analysis (CMEA) Darren A@mail.utexas.edu. Phone: 512-471-1985. Fax: 512-471-7682. #12;1 Product flexibility measurement with enhanced change modes of Texas, Austin, TX 78712, USA Product designers seek to create products that are not only robust

  4. Vibration Reduction for Flexible Spacecraft Attitude Control using PWPF Modulator and Smart

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vibration Reduction for Flexible Spacecraft Attitude Control using PWPF Modulator and Smart Structures Gangbing Song Department of Mechanical Engineering The University of Akron Akron,Ohio 4 93943 Abstract-This paper presents a new approach to vibration reduction of flexible spacecraft during

  5. Flexible CO2 laser system for fundamental research related to an extreme ultraviolet lithography source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najmabadi, Farrokh

    Flexible CO2 laser system for fundamental research related to an extreme ultraviolet lithography 2009; published online 10 December 2009 A CO2 laser system with flexible parameters was developed 1010 W/cm2 . Utilizing this CO2 MOPA laser system, high conversion efficiency from laser to in-band 2

  6. A FLEXIBLE, MODULAR APPROACH TO INTEGRATED SPACE EXPLORATION CAMPAIGN LOGISTICS MODELING, SIMULATION, AND ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    A FLEXIBLE, MODULAR APPROACH TO INTEGRATED SPACE EXPLORATION CAMPAIGN LOGISTICS MODELING Students #12;2 A FLEXIBLE, MODULAR APPROACH TO INTEGRATED SPACE EXPLORATION CAMPAIGN LOGISTICS MODELING in Aeronautics and Astronautics #12;3 Abstract A space logistics modeling framework to support space exploration

  7. Mechanics of thin-film transistors and solar cells on flexible substrates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suo, Zhigang

    Mechanics of thin-film transistors and solar cells on flexible substrates Helena Gleskova a,*, I be minimized throughout the fab- rication process. Amorphous silicon thin-film transistors and solar cells rights reserved. Keywords: Amorphous silicon; Thin-film transistor; Solar cell; Flexible electronics 1

  8. Resonant cavity enhanced light harvesting in flexible thin-film organic solar cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fan, Shanhui

    Resonant cavity enhanced light harvesting in flexible thin-film organic solar cells Nicholas P of solar energy conversion be- cause they use thin films of photoactive material and can be manufactured and photocurrent in flexible organic solar cells. We demonstrate that this enhancement is attributed to a broadband

  9. Thin Flexible Lithium Ion Battery Featuring Graphite Paper Based Current Collectors with Enhanced Conductivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Hang; Tang, Yufeng; Semenikihin, Oleg; Skorobogatiy, Maksim

    2015-01-01

    A flexible, light weight and high conductivity current collector is the key element that enables fabrication of high performance flexible lithium ion battery. Here we report a thin, light weight and flexible lithium ion battery that uses graphite paper enhanced with a nano-sized metallic layers as the current collector, LiFePO4 and Li4Ti5O12 as the cathode and anode materials, and PE membrane soaked in LiPF6 as a separator. Using thin and flexible graphite paper as a substrate for the current collector instead of a rigid and heavy metal foil enables us to demonstrate a very thin Lithium-Ion Battery into ultra-thin (total thickness including encapsulation layers of less than 250 {\\mu}m) that is also light weight and highly flexible.

  10. Flexible cadmium telluride thin films grown on electron-beam-irradiated graphene/thin glass substrates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seo, Won-Oh; Kim, Jihyun, E-mail: hyunhyun7@korea.ac.kr [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Korea University, Anam-dong, Sungbuk-gu, Seoul 136-713 (Korea, Republic of); Koo, Yong Hwan; Kim, Byungnam; Lee, Byung Cheol [Radiation Integrated System Research Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI), Daejeon 305-353 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Donghwan [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 136-701 (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-08-25

    We demonstrate the close-spaced sublimation growth of polycrystalline cadmium telluride (CdTe) thin films on a flexible graphene electrode/thin glass substrate structure. Prior to the growth of CdTe films, chemical-vapor-deposited graphene was transferred onto a flexible glass substrate and subjected to electron-beam irradiation at an energy of 0.2?MeV in order to intentionally introduce the defects into it in a controlled manner. Micro-Raman spectroscopy and sheet resistance measurements were employed to monitor the damage and disorder in the electron-beam irradiated graphene layers. The morphology and optical properties of the CdTe thin films deposited on a graphene/flexible glass substrate were systematically characterized. The integration of the defective graphene layers with a flexible glass substrate can be a useful platform to grow various thin-film structures for flexible electronic and optoelectronic devices.

  11. Flexible barrier film, method of forming same, and organic electronic device including same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blizzard, John; Tonge, James Steven; Weidner, William Kenneth

    2013-03-26

    A flexible barrier film has a thickness of from greater than zero to less than 5,000 nanometers and a water vapor transmission rate of no more than 1.times.10.sup.-2 g/m.sup.2/day at 22.degree. C. and 47% relative humidity. The flexible barrier film is formed from a composition, which comprises a multi-functional acrylate. The composition further comprises the reaction product of an alkoxy-functional organometallic compound and an alkoxy-functional organosilicon compound. A method of forming the flexible barrier film includes the steps of disposing the composition on a substrate and curing the composition to form the flexible barrier film. The flexible barrier film may be utilized in organic electronic devices.

  12. Controlling quantum systems by embedded dynamical decoupling schemes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliver Kern; Gernot Alber

    2005-06-05

    A dynamical decoupling method is presented which is based on embedding a deterministic decoupling scheme into a stochastic one. This way it is possible to combine the advantages of both methods and to increase the suppression of undesired perturbations of quantum systems significantly even for long interaction times. As a first application the stabilization of a quantum memory is discussed which is perturbed by one-and two-qubit interactions.

  13. Nonlinearly consistent schemes for coupled problems in reactor analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahadevan, Vijay Subramaniam

    2007-04-25

    the coupling strategies currently in use and put forth their deficiencies. 4 head2right Explain the basic theory for our new coupling strategy and how the deficiencies in current schemes can be overcome head2right Discuss some stable numerical... problems arising in coupled physics. Based on the consolidated work concerning the theory of nonlinear properties of numerical methods by several researchers like Hairer E, Wanner G on solving non-stiff and stiff ODEs[7,8], Dekker K, Verver J...

  14. Loss analysis of thermal reservoirs for electrical energy storage schemes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Alexander

    2011-05-14

    , will inevitably lead to a greater interest in large-scale electrical energy storage schemes. In par- ticular, the expanding fraction of electricity produced by wind turbines will require either backup or storage capacity to cover extended periods of wind lull... phase change materials,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 45, pp. 263–275, 2004. [3] C. Bullough, C. Gatzen, C. Jakiel, M. Koller, A. Nowi, and S. Zunft, “Advanced adiabatic compressed air energy storage for the integration of wind energy,” in Proc...

  15. An adaptive nonlinear MOS scheme for precipitation forecasts using neural networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsieh, William

    An adaptive nonlinear MOS scheme for precipitation forecasts using neural networks Yuval, William W A novel neural network (NN) based scheme performs nonlinear Model Output Statistics (MOS) for generating

  16. The impact of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme on US aviation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malina, Robert

    We estimate the economic impacts on US airlines that may arise from the inclusion of aviation in the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme from 2012 to 2020. We find that the Scheme would only have a small impact on US ...

  17. How do CSR rating schemes influence corporate behavior? : lessons from the utility industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutledge, Elisabeth Lea

    2015-01-01

    Ninety-three percent of the world's largest 250 companies report data to voluntary corporate social responsibility (CSR) rating schemes, and over 380 CSR rating schemes exist to assess companies' corporate actions. While ...

  18. Introduction to nuclear fusion Modelling Finite volume scheme Formal asymptotics Summary Magnetized Target Fusion: Insights from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fournier, John J.F.

    Introduction to nuclear fusion Modelling Finite volume scheme Formal asymptotics Summary Magnetized, Committee Member November 28, 2014 Michael Lindstrom Magnetized Target Fusion #12;Introduction to nuclear Target Fusion #12;Introduction to nuclear fusion Modelling Finite volume scheme Formal asymptotics

  19. Research Module: Scheme 2A. N-Benzylation Using Benzyl Bromide 63 Scheme 2 Part A: Redissolve in Methanol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jasperse, Craig P.

    in Methanol 1. Turn hot plate to 5. 2. To the flask with your product 3 from Scheme 1, attach a condener with gentle water flow. 3. Add 15 mL of methanol. · For 4-methoxy compoud 3c, you may need to add 20 mL of methanol, since the 4-methoxy substrates is probably less soluble. 4. Heat the mixture on the hot plate

  20. Weaving time into system architecture : new perspectives on flexibility, spacecraft design lifetime, and on-orbit servicing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saleh, Joseph Homer, 1971-

    2002-01-01

    A roadmap for a comprehensive treatment of issues of flexibility in system design is developed that addresses the following questions: 1) What are the characteristic features of flexibility in system design? Can one clearly ...

  1. A flexible importance sampling method for integrating subgrid processes

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Raut, E. K.; Larson, V. E.

    2015-10-22

    Numerical models of weather and climate need to compute grid-box-averaged rates of physical processes such as microphysics. These averages are computed by integrating subgrid variability over a grid box. For this reason, an important aspect of atmospheric modeling is integration. The needed integrals can be estimated by Monte Carlo integration. Monte Carlo integration is simple and general but requires many evaluations of the physical process rate. To reduce the number of function evaluations, this paper describes a new, flexible method of importance sampling. It divides the domain of integration into eight categories, such as the portion that contains bothmore »precipitation and cloud, or the portion that contains precipitation but no cloud. It then allows the modeler to prescribe the density of sample points within each of the eight categories. The new method is incorporated into the Subgrid Importance Latin Hypercube Sampler (SILHS). The resulting method is tested on drizzling cumulus and stratocumulus cases. In the cumulus case, the sampling error can be considerably reduced by drawing more sample points from the region of rain evaporation.« less

  2. Approximation Algorithms for Wireless Link Scheduling with Flexible Data Rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kesselheim, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    We consider scheduling problems in wireless networks with respect to flexible data rates. That is, more or less data can be transmitted per time depending on the signal quality, which is determined by the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR). Each wireless link has a utility function mapping SINR values to the respective data rates. We have to decide which transmissions are performed simultaneously and (depending on the problem variant) also which transmission powers are used. In the capacity-maximization problem, one strives to maximize the overall network throughput, i.e., the summed utility of all links. For arbitrary utility functions (not necessarily continuous ones), we present an O(log n)-approximation when having n communication requests. This algorithm is built on a constant-factor approximation for the special case of the respective problem where utility functions only consist of a single step. In other words, each link has an individual threshold and we aim at maximizing the number of lin...

  3. Flexible Lyapunov Functions and Applications to Fast Mechatronic Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lazar, M

    2010-01-01

    The property that every control system should posses is stability, which translates into safety in real-life applications. A central tool in systems theory for synthesizing control laws that achieve stability are control Lyapunov functions (CLFs). Classically, a CLF enforces that the resulting closed-loop state trajectory is contained within a cone with a fixed, predefined shape, and which is centered at and converges to a desired converging point. However, such a requirement often proves to be overconservative, which is why most of the real-time controllers do not have a stability guarantee. Recently, a novel idea that improves the design of CLFs in terms of flexibility was proposed. The focus of this new approach is on the design of optimization problems that allow certain parameters that define a cone associated with a standard CLF to be decision variables. In this way non-monotonicity of the CLF is explicitly linked with a decision variable that can be optimized on-line. Conservativeness is significantly ...

  4. Proceedings of the flexible, midsize gas turbine program planning workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-03-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) and the California Energy Commission (CEC) held a program planning workshop on March 4--5, 1997 in Sacramento, California on the subject of a flexible, midsize gas turbine (FMGT). The workshop was also co-sponsored by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), the Gas Research Institute (GRI), the Gas Turbine Association (GTA), and the Collaborative Advanced Gas Turbine Program (CAGT). The purpose of the workshop was to bring together a broad cross section of knowledgeable people to discuss the potential benefits, markets, technical attributes, development costs, and development funding approaches associated with making this new technology available in the commercial marketplace. The participants in the workshop included representatives from the sponsoring organizations, electric utilities, gas utilities, independent power producers, gas turbine manufacturers, gas turbine packagers, and consultants knowledgeable in the power generation field. Thirteen presentations were given on the technical and commercial aspects of the subject, followed by informal breakout sessions that dealt with sets of questions on markets, technology requirements, funding sources and cost sharing, and links to other programs.

  5. Recovery of flexible polyurethane foam from shredder residue.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniels, E. J.; Jody, b. J.

    1999-06-29

    Argonne National Laboratory has developed a patented, continuous process for the recovery of flexible polyurethane foam (PUF) from auto shredder residue (ASR). To test the process, Argonne researchers conceived of, designed, and built a continuous foam washing and drying system that was pilot-tested at a shredder facility for six months. Economic analysis of the process, using manufacturers' quotes and operating data from Argonne's pilot plant, indicates a payback of less than two years for a plant producing about 1,000 ton/yr of foam. Samples of clean foam were shipped to three major foam reprocessors; all three indicated that the quality of the PUF recovered by the Argonne process met their requirements. Tests of the recovered foam by an independent testing laboratory showed that the recycled foam met the specifications for several automotive applications, including carpet padding, headliner, and sound-suppression support materials. Recovery of foam reduces the mass and the volume of material going to the landfill by about 5% and 30%, respectively. Annually, recovery will save about 1.2 x 10{sup 12} Btu of energy, cut the amount of solid waste being landfilled by about 150,000 tons, and eliminate the emission of about 250 tons of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) into the air.

  6. Colloidal quantum dot solar cells on curved and flexible substrates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kramer, Illan J.; Moreno-Bautista, Gabriel; Minor, James C.; Kopilovic, Damir; Sargent, Edward H.

    2014-10-20

    Colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) are semiconductor nanocrystals synthesized with, processed in, and deposited from the solution phase, potentially enabling low-cost, facile manufacture of solar cells. Unfortunately, CQD solar cell reports, until now, have only explored batch-processing methods—such as spin-coating—that offer limited capacity for scaling. Spray-coating could offer a means of producing uniform colloidal quantum dot films that yield high-quality devices. Here, we explore the versatility of the spray-coating method by producing CQD solar cells in a variety of previously unexplored substrate arrangements. The potential transferability of the spray-coating method to a roll-to-roll manufacturing process was tested by spray-coating the CQD active layer onto six substrates mounted on a rapidly rotating drum, yielding devices with an average power conversion efficiency of 6.7%. We further tested the manufacturability of the process by endeavoring to spray onto flexible substrates, only to find that spraying while the substrate was flexed was crucial to achieving champion performance of 7.2% without compromise to open-circuit voltage. Having deposited onto a substrate with one axis of curvature, we then built our CQD solar cells onto a spherical lens substrate having two axes of curvature resulting in a 5% efficient device. These results show that CQDs deposited using our spraying method can be integrated to large-area manufacturing processes and can be used to make solar cells on unconventional shapes.

  7. Flexible Electronics One Step Closer With New Circuits http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2005/12/1215_051215_flexibl... 1 of 3 12/15/2005 4:55 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    Flexible Electronics One Step Closer With New Circuits http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2005 > Science & Space Flexible Electronics One Step Closer With New Circuits Ben Harder for National Geographic ability to function. Flexible circuits could give electronic devices--including digital cameras, i

  8. PROPOSAL OF A FINANCING SCHEME FOR A THIRD NPP IN BRAZIL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Filho, Z.D.T.

    2004-10-06

    This presentation discusses a proposal of a financing scheme for a third nuclear power plant in Brazil.

  9. On the effect of INQUERY term-weighting scheme on query-sensitive similarity measures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kini, Ananth Ullal

    2006-04-12

    have shown QSS measures to positively influence the outcome of a clustering procedure. These studies have used QSS measures in conjunction with the ltc term-weighting scheme. Several term-weighting schemes have superseded the ltc term-weighing scheme...

  10. Adaptive Energy Saving Scheme for Downlink Elastic Traffic in Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahk, Saewoong

    Adaptive Energy Saving Scheme for Downlink Elastic Traffic in Wireless Networks Jongwook Lee, we propose several adaptive energy saving schemes that consider throughput and energy saving simultaneously. The proposed schemes are designed for an efficient tradeoff between throughput and energy saving

  11. RELATIVE FOURIER-MUKAI TRANSFORMS FOR WEIERSTRASS FIBRATIONS, ABELIAN SCHEMES AND FANO FIBRATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martín, Ana Cristina López

    RELATIVE FOURIER-MUKAI TRANSFORMS FOR WEIERSTRASS FIBRATIONS, ABELIAN SCHEMES AND FANO FIBRATIONS the group of relative Fourier-Mukai transforms for Weierstraß fibrations, abelian schemes and Fano or anti schemes over an arbitrary base we prove that if two of them are relative Fourier-Mukai partners

  12. IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 17, NO. 1, JANUARY 2013 127 Capacity of Zero-Outage Scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Candan, Cagatay

    IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 17, NO. 1, JANUARY 2013 127 Capacity of Zero-Outage Scheme Under Imprecise Channel State Information C¸ a~gatay Candan Abstract--The capacity of zero-outage scheme-to-noise-ratio fluctuates and the scheme suffers from com- munication outages. Exact analytical expressions characterizing

  13. Energy-Efficiency of Cooperative Sensing Schemes in Ad hoc WLAN Cognitive Radios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namboodiri, Vinod

    Energy-Efficiency of Cooperative Sensing Schemes in Ad hoc WLAN Cognitive Radios Reshma Syeda, we study and analyse the energy efficiency of two generic cooperative sensing schemes in an ad hoc a comparative numerical analysis to demonstrate the amount of energy savings of the proposed cooperative schemes

  14. TU/e -Savings schemes 2011 Personnel Department 8-12-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franssen, Michael

    12 TU/e - Savings schemes 2011 Personnel Department 8-12-2010 The TU/e offers you the opportunity to participate in a salary savings scheme (spaarloonregeling). There are a number of general rules for you ""course-of-life""arrangement in the same year. Salary savings scheme TU/e staff can save up to a certain

  15. Decoupled energy-law preserving numerical schemes for the Cahn-Hilliard-Darcy system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Decoupled energy-law preserving numerical schemes for the Cahn-Hilliard-Darcy system Daozhi Han novel decoupled energy-law preserving numerical schemes for solving the Cahn- Hilliard-Darcy (CHD a discrete energy law with a time- step constraint, while the second scheme satisfies an energy law without

  16. Flexible dye-sensitized solar cells with ZnO nanoparticles grown by Sonochemistry over Graphene/PET substrates.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pala, Nezih

    Flexible dye-sensitized solar cells with ZnO nanoparticles grown by Sonochemistry over Graphene characteristics of ZnO nanostructures over Graphene/PET as photoanode for flexible dye sensitized solar cells. #12; and Engineering University of North Texas, Denton, Texas Flexible Dye sensitized solar cells (FDSSCs) are light

  17. Boron Nanowires for Flexible Electronics and Field Jifa Tian, Jinming Cai, Chao Hui, Chen Li, Yuan Tian, Chengmin Shen and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Hongjun

    Boron Nanowires for Flexible Electronics and Field Emission Jifa Tian, Jinming Cai, Chao Hui, Chen. Electronics, Flexibility, Field emission. PACS: 61. 62. Km; 62. 23. Hj; 68. 37. Og; 73.63-b INTRODUCTION Analogues to the revolutionary miniaturization in electronic industry initiated in 1950s, flexible

  18. Published: 21 hours ago, 15:32 EST, April 02, 2007 Flexible electronics could find applications a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    Published: 21 hours ago, 15:32 EST, April 02, 2007 Flexible electronics could find applications that are functionalized for surface ch stretchability. Credit: Argonne National Laboratory Flexible electronic structures Laboratory and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. These flexible structure as electronic devices

  19. Can Clinicians Create High-Quality Databases? A Study on A Flexible Electronic Health Record (fEHR) System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Il-Yeol

    Can Clinicians Create High-Quality Databases? A Study on A Flexible Electronic Health Record (f propose a flexible Electronic Health Record (fEHR) system, which allows clinicians to build new templates implementation of HIT, the electronic health record(EHR)[9, 19], and propose a flexible EHR (fEHR) system. The f

  20. GTMI's Printed/Flexible Electronics Workshop March 19, 2015 1 Opportuni)es for Collabora)ve R&D

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Suman

    3/23/15 1 GTMI's Printed/Flexible Electronics Workshop March 19, 2015 1 Opportuni Associate II, GTMI (404)-385-1935 billyde.brown@gatech.edu GTMI's Printed/Flexible Electronics/contracts ØCorporate sponsorship #12;3/23/15 2 GTMI's Printed/Flexible Electronics Workshop March 19

  1. Metrology and instrumentation challenges with high-rate, roll-to-roll manufacturing of flexible electronic systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ray

    in order to realize true implementation of roll-to-roll manufacturing of flexible electronic systems-to-roll manufacturing system for flexible electronic systems opens limitless possibilities for the deployment of high performance flexible electronic components in a variety of applications including communication, sensing

  2. WTO Subsidy Notifications Database | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al.,Turin,Village of Wellington,FL97-11 SEPAStorage TankWSP FLAK

  3. USING SUBSIDIES TO PROMOTE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries, Agriculture Canad~ the National Roundtable on the Environment and Economy&structure ...........................................................................18 Incentivesfor Organic Farming

  4. Residential Energy Conservation Subsidy Exclusion (Corporate) | Department

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAandSummary From: v2.7| Department ofDepartment< Back-- v2.0 MoreD2of

  5. Federal Energy Subsidies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, AlabamaETEC GmbHFarinello Geothermal Power StationIndiana:BusinessFederal EnergyFederal

  6. Residential Energy Conservation Subsidy Exclusion (Personal) | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy BillsNo. 195 - Oct.7, 2015VerizonResidential BuildingsCraigResidentialof

  7. Transit Subsidies | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport forRetirement PlanSupplementalEmergency Response /

  8. Flexible gas insulated transmission line having regions of reduced electric field

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cookson, Alan H. (Pittsburgh, PA); Fischer, William H. (Wilkins Township, Allegheny County, PA); Yoon, Kue H. (Pittsburgh, PA); Meyer, Jeffry R. (Penn Hills Township, Allegheny County, PA)

    1983-01-01

    A gas insulated transmission line having radially flexible field control means for reducing the electric field along the periphery of the inner conductor at predetermined locations wherein the support insulators are located. The radially flexible field control means of the invention includes several structural variations of the inner conductor, wherein careful controlling of the length to depth of surface depressions produces regions of reduced electric field. Several embodiments of the invention dispose a flexible connector at the predetermined location along the inner conductor where the surface depressions that control the reduced electric field are located.

  9. Analysis of Fuel Flexibility Opportunities and Constraints in the U.S. Industrial Sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2007-03-07

    The purpose of this assessment was to determine if flexible, alternative fuel use in industry, beyond switching from natural gas to petroleum derivatives, presents a sizeable opportunity for the reduction in use of natural gas. Furthermore, the assessment was to determine what programmatic activities the DOE could undertake to accelerate a fuel flexibility program for industry. To this end, a six-part framework (see Figure ES-1) was used to identify the most promising fuel flexibility options, and what level of accomplishment could be achieved, based on DOE leadership.

  10. Motivation Optimization scheme The problem Running conditions Tools Experiments Conclusions Optimizing the execution of a parallel meteorology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giménez, Domingo

    Motivation Optimization scheme The problem Running conditions Tools Experiments Conclusions 2009 #12;Motivation Optimization scheme The problem Running conditions Tools Experiments Conclusions Contents 1 Motivation 2 Optimization scheme 3 The problem 4 Running conditions 5 Tools 6 Experiments 7

  11. Power and Memory Efficient Hashing Schemes for Some Network Applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Heeyeol

    2010-07-14

    Filter FF Fingerprint Filter SBF Segmented Bloom Filter SL Successful Lookup UL Unsuccessful Lookup viii SS Successful Search US Unsuccessful Search BMF Bloomier Filter PPC Parallel Packet Classifier MPC Multi-tiered Packet Classifier 2TPC 2-tiered Packet... III Power value by CACTI in PPC(31Kx1, 20 ports), 2TPC(29Kx1, 19 ports), and 3TPC(14Kx1,18 ports). ................. 38 IV Complexities of operations to o?-chip in four schemes. ........ 61 V On-chip memory usage for three traces. The load factor is 0...

  12. A demonstration of scheme independence in scalar ERGs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnone, S; Morris, T R; Arnone, Stefano; Gatti, Antonio; Morris, Tim R.

    2002-01-01

    The standard demand for the quantum partition function to be invariant under the renormalization group transformation results in a general class of exact renormalization group equations, different in the form of the kernel. Physical quantities should not be sensitive to the particular choice of the kernel. Such scheme independence is elegantly illustrated in the scalar case by showing that, even with a general kernel, the one-loop beta function may be expressed only in terms of the effective action vertices, and in this way the universal result is recovered.

  13. A demonstration of scheme independence in scalar ERGs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefano Arnone; Antonio Gatti; Tim R. Morris

    2002-05-15

    The standard demand for the quantum partition function to be invariant under the renormalization group transformation results in a general class of exact renormalization group equations, different in the form of the kernel. Physical quantities should not be sensitive to the particular choice of the kernel. Such scheme independence is elegantly illustrated in the scalar case by showing that, even with a general kernel, the one-loop beta function may be expressed only in terms of the effective action vertices, and in this way the universal result is recovered.

  14. Proposal for new experimental schemes to realize the Avogadro constant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biraben, F; Clad, P; Genevs, G; Gournay, P; Guellati-Khlifa, S; Julien, L; Juncar, P; De Mirandes, E; Nez, F

    2006-01-01

    We propose two experimental schemes to determine and so to realize the Avogadro constant $N\\_{A}$ at the level of 10$^{-7}$ or better with a watt balance experiment and a cold atom experiment measuring $h/m(X)$ (where $h$ is the Planck constant and $m(X)$ the mass of the atom $X$). We give some prospects about achievable uncertainties and we discuss the opportunity to test the existence of possible unknown correction factors for the Josephson effect and quantum Hall effect.

  15. Error-prevention scheme with two pairs of qubits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Shih-I; Yang, Chui-Ping; Han, Siyuan

    2002-09-04

    Ei jue ie j&5ue je i& , e iP$0,1% @6#!. The expressions for HS and HSB are as follows: HS5e0~s I z 1s II z !, *Email address: cpyang@floquet.chem.ku.edu †Email address: sichu@ku.edu ‡ Email address: han@ku.eduError-prevention scheme Chui-Ping Yang.... The sche two pairs of qubits and through error-prevention proc through a decoherence-free subspace for collective p pairs; leakage out of the encoding space due to amp addition, how to construct decoherence-free states for n discussed. DOI: 10.1103/Phys...

  16. A flexible scintillation light apparatus for rare event searches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valter Bonvicini; Silvia Capelli; Oliviero Cremonesi; Giacomo Cucciati; Luca Gironi; Maura Pavan; Ezio Previtali; Monica Sisti

    2014-07-17

    Compelling experimental evidences of neutrino oscillations and their implication that neutrinos are massive particles have given neutrinoless double beta decay a central role in astroparticle physics. In fact, the discovery of this elusive decay would be a major breakthrough, unveiling that neutrino and antineutrino are the same particle and that the lepton number is not conserved. It would also impact our efforts to establish the absolute neutrino mass scale and, ultimately, understand elementary particle interaction unification. All current experimental programs to search for neutrinoless double beta decay are facing with the technical and financial challenge of increasing the experimental mass while maintaining incredibly low levels of spurious background. The new concept described in this paper could be the answer which combines all the features of an ideal experiment: energy resolution, low cost mass scalability, isotope choice flexibility and many powerful handles to make the background negligible. The proposed technology is based on the use of arrays of silicon detectors cooled to 120 K to optimize the collection of the scintillation light emitted by ultra-pure crystals. It is shown that with a 54 kg array of natural CaMoO4 scintillation detectors of this type it is possible to yield a competitive sensitivity on the half-life of the neutrinoless double beta decay of 100Mo as high as ~10E24 years in only one year of data taking. The same array made of 40CaMoO4 scintillation detectors (to get rid of the continuous background coming from the two neutrino double beta decay of 48Ca) will instead be capable of achieving the remarkable sensitivity of ~10E25 years on the half-life of 100Mo neutrinoless double beta decay in only one year of measurement.

  17. High-resolution methods for preserving the sum of mass fractions: improved ?-scheme and an alternative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Syamlal, Madhava; Benyahia, Sofiane

    2013-11-20

    When high resolution convection schemes are used for discretizing chemical species mass balance equations, the mass fractions are not guaranteed to add to one. We show that a proposed remedy called ?-scheme (Darwish and Moukalled, Comput.Methods Appl.Mech. Engrg. 192 (2003): 1711) will degrade to a diffusive first-order scheme when a chemical species vanishes from the mixture, for example, because of chemical reactions. We propose an improvement to the ?-scheme to overcome this problem. Furthermore, a computationally efficient alternative scheme is proposed and evaluated with several examples, to quantify the improvements in the accuracy and the computational time.

  18. Analysis of a flexible polymeric film with imbedded micro heat pipes for spacecraft radiators 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDaniels, Deborah Marie

    2001-01-01

    times higher. Greater flexibility and lower mass make it more amenable to structural integration than the graphite material. Recently developed space-stable polymers offer resistance to harsh temperature and radiation environments, helping to clear...

  19. Static Pressure Losses in 6 in., 8 in., and 10 in. Nonmetallic Flexible Duct (RP-1333) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weaver, K.; Culp, C.H.

    2007-01-01

    with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission. Static Pressure Losses in Nonmetallic Flexible Duct Weaver, Kevin;Culp, Charles ASHRAE Transactions; 2007; 113, ProQuest pg. 400 Reproduced with permission...

  20. Implications of the full flexibility provision of the 1996 Farm Bill on regional planting 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mabray, Katherine

    2000-01-01

    Bill introduced the concept of flexibility. Framers were allowed to change their planting choice by utilizing the new Farm Bill provisions. However, previous to the 1996 Farm Bill, farmers had limited options for switching cropping patterns except...