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1

Policy brief | Price subsidy schemes for artemisinin-based combination theraPies (acts): do they work? | 1 Price Subsidy Schemes for Artemisinin-Based  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Policy brief | Price subsidy schemes for artemisinin-based combination theraPies (acts): do they work? | 1 Price Subsidy Schemes for Artemisinin-Based Combination Therapies (ACTs): Do They Work of act is very limited, partly due to its high price in pharmacies and retail stores. the affordable

Klein, Ophir

2

Subsidy schemes in EU t i M ti ti dcountries: Motivations and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FIT - Hungary FIT (feed-in premium) Investment subsidies Latvia FIT (combined with quota obligation support or taxes Bulgaria FIT - Czech FIT (fixed tariff or premium) Investment subsidies Republic Estonia competition for investments in renewables The level of support of FI tariffs and market prices together

3

WTO Subsidy Notifications Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WTO Subsidy Notifications Database WTO Subsidy Notifications Database Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: WTO Subsidy Notifications Database Agency/Company /Organization: World Trade Organization Topics: Finance, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.globalsubsidies.org/private/modules/knowledgebox/external/index.ph WTO Subsidy Notifications Database Screenshot References: WTO Subsidy Database[1] Overview "This searchable database provides links to the WTO's new and full subsidy notifications. Notifications are indexed by country, date of publication, symbol, period in which the subsidies are reported, and - though it should not be considered exhaustive - the sectors to which subsidies have been granted." References

4

Exploring demand flexibility in heterogeneous aggregators: An LMP-based pricing scheme  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With the proposed penetration of electric vehicles and advanced metering technology, the demand side is foreseen to play a major role in flexible energy consumption scheduling. On the other hand, the past several years have witnessed utility companies' ... Keywords: Capacity planning, Stackelberg game, locational marginal price, real-time pricing, smart grid, subgame perfect equilibrium, wind power integration

Chenye Wu; Yiyu Shi; Soummya Kar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

A robust high-speed position control scheme based on computed torque method for 2 DOF flexible link robot arms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Our group has proposed a high-speed tip position control scheme (Sawada and Itamiya, 2012b) which can be applied to both a flexible link robot arm and a rigid link robot arm. It can be regarded as a natural extension of the computed torque method for a rigid link robot arm. This method can achieve a high-speed position control for 2 DOF flexible link robot arm when the exact model of the controlled object is known. However, this method does not have robustness to modelling errors. In this paper, we propose an adaptive identification method in order to decrease the modelling error from the control system in which a nominal control law is used. Then, we use the closed loop adaptive identification, considering the movable range of the robot arm. As a result, the high-speed position control can be achieved by using parameter estimates. Its validity of the proposed scheme is shown by a stability analysis and is also illustrated by the experimental results on the frequency response of the link angle and that of the deflection angle.

K. Itamiya; M. Sawada

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

SUBSIDY ENERGY EMPLOYEES TRANSIT (SEET)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SUBSIDY ENERGY EMPLOYEES TRANSIT (SEET) SUBSIDY ENERGY EMPLOYEES TRANSIT (SEET) Decrease in the Transit Subsidy Per The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012, the maximum amount for the Transit Subsidy is due to decrease from $245 to $130 a month. This change is scheduled to take effect on January 1, 2014. Outlined below are actions that you must take to purchase your fare for January 2014. SmarTrip less than $130.00 Per Month No Action Required SmarTrip greater than $130.00 Per Month Action Required SmarTrip Participants The new amount of $130 will post to your Smart Benefits account the first time you touch your card to a SmarTrip target in January 2014. You must ensure that there is money in your personal account. Metro will deduct fare from your personal account once the Smart Benefits

7

Federal Energy Subsidies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Federal Energy Subsidies Federal Energy Subsidies Jump to: navigation, search Does wind energy receive federal subsidies, and if so how much? Do other forms of energy receive subsidies? Do fossil fuels receive more subsidies than renewables? Anyone engaged in stakeholder education and outreach will be asked these questions. According to a study by the Environmental Law Institute, the federal government's subsidies to fossil fuels totaled approximately $72 billion during 2002-2008, while subsidies for renewable fuels totaled $29 billion over the same period.[1] The Production Tax Credit (PTC) has been a major driver of wind power development over the past decade. It provides a 2.2 cent per kilowatt-hour tax credit for the first 10 years of electricity production from utility-scale turbines. Congress has allowed the PTC to lapse five times

8

STANFORD UNIVERSITY CHILD CARE SUBSIDY GRANT PROGRAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STANFORD UNIVERSITY CHILD CARE SUBSIDY GRANT PROGRAM GUIDELINES Table of Contents OVERVIEW................................................................................................3 Amended Grants .........................................................................................................3 How to apply for an amended grant

Bogyo, Matthew

9

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Production Subsidy  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Fuel Production Subsidy Prohibition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Production Subsidy Prohibition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Production Subsidy Prohibition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Production Subsidy Prohibition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Production Subsidy Prohibition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Production Subsidy Prohibition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Production Subsidy Prohibition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Production Subsidy Prohibition

10

Transit Subsidies | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Transit Subsidies | National Nuclear Security Administration Transit Subsidies | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Transit Subsidies Home > Federal Employment > Working at NNSA > Benefits > Transit Subsidies Transit Subsidies The great jobs we have at NNSA also come with comprehensive benefits packages. They are among the best and most comprehensive available and play

11

NGVs-Are ratepayer subsidies appropriate?  

SciTech Connect

According to the Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition-a national organization of local natural gas distributors, pipelines, and equipment manufacturers promoting natural gas vehicles (NGVs)-the U.S. government supports the country`s continued reliance on petroleum-based fuels for transportation through billions of subsidies and tax incentives. A new study by the Domestic Fuels Alliance claims that amount of total subsidies could reach $300 billion if one considers the Persian Gulf War a {open_quotes}hidden cost for petroleum.{close_quotes} The Coalition`s point, however, is that the petroleum industry is trying to hinder the development of NGVs to the detriment of U.S. air quality and energy independence.

Cross, P.S.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Subsidy for Energy Employee Transit (SEET) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Subsidy for Energy Employee Transit (SEET) Subsidy for Energy Employee Transit (SEET) Subsidy for Energy Employee Transit (SEET) The Subsidy for Energy Employees' Transit (SEET) program is designed to promote the use of public transportation to conserve energy resources and ease traffic congestion. DOE employees may enroll in the SEET program to receive monthly transit subsidy that can be used to help offset the commuting cost of getting to and from work. Many regional transit providers accept fare media from the SEET Program. Eligibility for participation in SEET is limited to DOE Federal employees not listed on a Federal parking permit; members of a vanpool (not to include the driver); and certain other employees who may be on temporary assignments to the Agency. Applicants must certify that the benefit will be

13

Subsidies to tuna fisheries in the Western Central Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Tuna fisheries in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean are among the most valuable resources in the region. These fisheries, worth an estimated $4.1 billion each year, play a pivotal role in supporting incomes and development goals in the region. However, due to the twin, and potentially inter-related effects of harmful fishing practices such as the use of fish aggregating devices, overcapacity, and fisheries subsidies, many of these tuna fisheries are currently at risk of over-exploitation—putting the livelihoods of countless local fishers at risk. This study finds that government fisheries subsidies in the region represent 37% of the ex-vessel value of tuna fisheries in the region. Fuel subsidies are estimated at US$ 335 million and non-fuel subsidies are estimated at US$ 1.2 billion for the year 2009. Developed countries are responsible for more than half of the subsidies spent in the predominantly developing region, underlying the fact that the majority of tuna value extracted from the national waters of developing countries in the region benefit larger, developed countries. The total resource rent, or return to society, from tuna fisheries, once adjusted for subsidies is a net negative US$750 million in 2009. Fisheries subsidies are enabling foreign fleets to operate at sub-market rates, putting local fleets out of competition for their own fishery resources.

U. Rashid Sumaila; Andrew Dyck; Adam Baske

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Chapter 2: Fisheries Subsidies Negotiations within the WTO Framework  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Due to increased international awareness of the importance of fisheries subsidies, this issue has made its way into WTO negotiations and at a series of Ministerial Conferences in the past decade.222 At first, ...

Chen-Ju Chen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Property values, housing subsidies and incentives : evidence from Chile's current housing policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study evaluates the performance of low income housing subsidy programs currently operating in Chile. The use of detailed microdata allows a close assessment of the relationship between individual subsidy grants, ...

Razmilic Burgos, Slaven Antonio

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Impact of an Export Subsidy on the Domestic Cotton Industry.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for upland cotton' were about $1.4 billion, which amoun~ed to about one-half of the gross value of production (USDA, 1984). In light of these considerations, attention has focused on ways to expand export demand, including export subsidies. This report... deflated polyester price (LDPPRL), the logarithm of deflated prices of imported textiles (LDPM), and the logarithm of deflated income per capita (LPDY). This is a partially reduced form specification of derived demand as described in Foote (1958...

Wohlgenant, Michael K.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Estimating the additionality of R&D subsidies using proposal evaluation data to control for research intentions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Empirical examination of whether R&D subsidies crowd out private investments has been ... likelihood of receiving subsidies. Using proposal evaluation data to control for research intentions, we do ... severe bia...

Morten S. Henningsen; Torbjørn Hægeland; Jarle Møen

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Europe, Cutting Biofuel Subsidies, Redirects Aid to Stress Greenest Options -New York Times January 22, 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Europe, Cutting Biofuel Subsidies, Redirects Aid to Stress Greenest Options - New York Times January 22, 2008 Europe, Cutting Biofuel Subsidies, Redirects Aid to Stress Greenest Options By ELISABETH for biofuels, acknowledging that the environmental benefits of these fuels have often been overstated

19

Subsidizing charitable contributions: a natural field experiment comparing matching and rebate subsidies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the results of a field experiment conducted in conjunction with a mailed fundraising campaign of a nonprofit organization. The experiment is designed to compare the response of donors to subsidies in th...

Catherine C. Eckel; Philip J. Grossman

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Housing Subsidies and the Tax Code: The Case of Mortgage Credit Certificates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

homeowners to claim a tax credit for some portion of theHousing subsidy Tax policy Tax credit 1. Introduction Thehomeowners to claim a tax credit for some portion of the

Greulich, Erica; Quigley, John M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flexible subsidy scheme" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Flexible hydropower: boosting energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flexible hydropower: boosting energy Flexible hydropower: boosting energy New hydroelectric resource for Northern New Mexico supplies clean energy to homes, businesses and the Lab....

22

The optimal boundary of political subsidies for agricultural insurance in welfare economic prospect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

China is one of the most suffering countries in agriculture by Nature. The current statistics shows a growing lose by agriculture risk. Insurance, as a lack part in the agricultural risk management, is constraining the ability to defense the risk and the sustainable development for our modern agriculture. Either sufficient or deficient in political subsidies will cause welfare deadweight loss. The article analyzed the optimal boundary of the fiscal subsidies based on the welfare loss model in agricultural insurance. We’re trying to reduce the benefit loss due to asymmetric information, optimize the efficiency of fiscal transfers and enhance the farmers’ welfare. We also like to give several suggestions in how to promote our political subsidies in agricultural insurance.

Xu Yuanchang; Jiang Jiyu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Housing subsidies and tax expenditures: The case of mortgage credit certificates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In many developed countries, the most significant housing subsidy programs are funded by tax expenditures rather than direct appropriations. Beyond the subsidy to homeownership under the personal income tax, the U.S. tax code provides additional subsidies to specific groups of homeowners. For example, the Mortgage Revenue Bond program (MRB) permits lower levels of government to issue tax-exempt debt, using the proceeds to supply mortgages at below-market interest rates to deserving households. States are also permitted to issue and distribute Mortgage Credit Certificates (MCCs) which entitle recipient homeowners to claim a tax credit for some portion of the mortgage interest paid rather than the tax deduction claimed by other homeowners. This paper documents the wide variations in reliance upon \\{MCCs\\} and \\{MRBs\\} across U.S. states and the emergence of Mortgage Credit Certificates as the largest housing program administered by California, the largest U.S. state. The paper also provides an economic analysis of the MCC program using micro data on more than 12 thousand program recipients in California. We estimate the extent and distribution of MCC subsidies across income and demographic groups, measuring the dollar amount of federal subsidies and their effects upon the user cost of residential capital and the demand price of housing. We estimate Poisson models of the geographic incidence of MCC subsidies across neighborhoods of varying socio-demographic composition and deprivation. Finally, we note differences in the administrative and programmatic costs of \\{MCCs\\} and MRBs, suggesting that there are clear reasons to favor Mortgage Credit Certificates as a means of subsidizing deserving households.

Erica Greulich; John M. Quigley

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Nuclear Subsidies in the House Climate bill (H.R. 2454) and Senate Energy bill (S. 1462)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear Subsidies in the House Climate bill (H.R. 2454) and Senate Energy bill (S. 1462) Subsidy per year. #12;Sense of Congress in favor of nuclear power No Yes The Senate energy bill includes for nuclear power R&D No Yes The Senate bill authorizes $5.17 billion from FY2010-FY2013 for nuclear energy

Laughlin, Robert B.

25

Research on Cross-subsidy of Wind Farms Integrated and Injecting Power to the Grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

On the basis of a detailed analysis on power output of wind farms, this paper establishes a quantitative model of cross-subsidy between conventional power plants and wind farms and its identifying indicator through the technique of probabilistic production simulation and then analyzes a calculating instance with data from the IEEE-RTS system to base on. Results demonstrate the reasonability and effectiveness of this model. The work in this paper is helpful to market regulators and operators in accurately identifying the degree of wind farms’ cross-subsidy in a power system and taking effective measures to ensure the system's security, reliability and economy.

ZHAO Gao-qiang; QI Jian-xun; WANG Bao

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Social costs of public service obligation routes--calculating subsidies of regional flights in Norway  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this note we describe an iterative procedure of how to estimate unit costs per leg of a public service obligation (PSO) route network if certain data is publicly available. The aim of this approach is to make judgments in benchmarking and in regulation ... Keywords: Airline, Networks, Norway, Operating costs, Origin-destination matrix, Public service obligation, Subsidies

Branko Bubalo

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Fish farming plays an important role in Thai Binh province. Through the use of subsidies, the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fish farming plays an important role in Thai Binh province. Through the use of subsidies, the political authorities there encourage the conversion of low-yield paddy fields into fish farm ponds. Furthermore, thanks to integrated agriculture, fish farming allows regulation and absorption of most animal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

28

Overall review of renewable energy subsidy policies in China – Contradictions of intentions and effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract China is vast, abundant and particularly plentiful in energy sources, due to which it has obtained remarkable achievements on economy. However, its energy structure is too simple to support the sustainable development of economy as coal still contributes to the majority of energy consumption in China. As a consequence, Renewable Energy Law was enacted in 2005, and Chinese government announced a series of policies to boom renewable energy industry. Subsidy policy is one of the major forms of these policies. This paper aims to present these subsidy policies and to analyze their effects according to relative data in energy industry 2005–2013, to find out the deficiencies and enlighten possible policy improvements. The original intentions and abstracts of 5 different levels of subsidy related policies are summarized, and the effects in reality are attentively analyzed. It can be concluded that subsidy policies have different short-term effect on different renewable energies, and they all show some negative effect to a certain extent. 6 core problems are summarized in this paper, and remedy strategies are suggested.

Jianfei Shen; Chen Luo

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Dirty Little Secrets: Inferring Fossil-Fuel Subsidies from Patterns in Emission Intensities1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, its GDP per capita and its relative emission intensity to measure and disentangle the two distortions an indirect method of inferring these subsidies by examining country-specific patterns in carbon emission-to-GDP is indicative of distortions within that economy - either in energy prices or in non-agricultural productivity

Spino, Claude

30

Food Price Subsidies and Nutrition: Evidence from State Reforms to India's Public Distribution System1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Food Price Subsidies and Nutrition: Evidence from State Reforms to India's Public Distribution, the Economic Research Service, and the University of Sussex. All remaining errors are attributable Research Service or the U.S. Department of Agriculture. 2 University of California - Berkeley, Law School

Bandyopadhyay, Antar

31

Elections at what cost? The impact of electricity subsidies on groundwater extraction and agricultural  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of electricity may better achieve the objective of social welfare maximization as compared to a private firmElections at what cost? The impact of electricity subsidies on groundwater extraction and agricultural production DRAFT Reena Badiani Katrina K. Jessoe January 23, 2011 Abstract In India, electric

Silver, Whendee

32

Inefficient subsidy in Nigerian oil sector; implications for revenue generation and household welfare in Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Subsidy exists when consumers are assisted by the government to pay less than the prevailing market price of a given commodity. In respect of fuel subsidy, it means that consumers would pay below the market price per litre of petroleum product. This paper is aim at analysing the effects of the increase in energy prices on the social welfare of Nigerian households and comparing the consequences with the condition in which in concurrence with increase in energy prices, the government undertakes transfer payments to Nigerian households in order to protect their social welfare status. An analytical reasoning model was adopted and within the framework of this model the effects of increase in energy price on social welfare is discussed. Decrease in energy subsidies and a shift towards market prices will result in a lower budget deficit for the government and powerfully harness one of the main causes of inflation. However, if the elimination of subsidies be accompanied by transfer payments to households, the result is increase in the government budget deficit which in its turn will enhance inflation thus very negatively affecting social welfare.

Benjamin Anabori Mmadu; David Chuks Akan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Flexible Composite Radiation Detector  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flexible Composite Radiation Detector Flexible Composite Radiation Detector Flexible Composite Radiation Detector A flexible composite scintillator was prepared by mixing fast, bright, dense rare-earth doped powdered oxyorthosilicate (such as LSO:Ce, LSO:Sm, and GSO:Ce) scintillator with a polymer binder. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Flexible Composite Radiation Detector A flexible composite scintillator was prepared by mixing fast, bright, dense rare-earth doped powdered oxyorthosilicate (such as LSO:Ce, LSO:Sm, and GSO:Ce) scintillator with a polymer binder. The binder is transparent to the scintillator emission. The composite is seamless and can be made large and in a wide variety of shapes. Importantly, the composite can be tailored to emit light in a spectral region that matches the optimum

34

Flexible Assembly Solar Technology  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

field and secured on steel pylons. PROJECT DESCRIPTION The research team is applying automation processes to the design of a Flexible Assembly Solar Technology (FAST). FAST is an...

35

Flexible and Transparent Memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

K. L. Wang. , “Robust Bi-Stable Memory Operation in Single-Graphene Ferroelectric Memory,” Appl. Phy. Lett. , 99 (4),Flexible and Transparent Memory” IEEE International Memory

KIM, SUNG MIN

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Impact of demand-enhancing farm policy on the agricultural sector: a firm level simulation of ethanol production subsidies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IMPACT OF DEMAND-ENHANCING FARM POLICY ON THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR: A FIRM LEVEL SIMULATION OF ETHANOL PRODUCTION SUBSIDIES A Thesis By LETA SUSANNE WASSON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1990 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics IMPACT OF DEMAND-ENHANCING FARM POLICY ON THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR: A FIRM LEVEL SIMULATION OF ETHANOL PRODUCTION SUBSIDIES A Thesis...

Wasson, Leta Susanne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

37

Energy taxes and subsidies: their implications for CO2 emissions and abatement costs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy markets are often distorted, with the result that price does not equal the marginal social cost of production. Subsidies encourage consumption of energy and impose welfare losses independent of those arising from global warming. Fossil fuels, especially oil, are already taxed in many countries. The superimposition of a carbon tax on existing taxes could greatly increase the welfare loss from taxation if such taxes do not reflect externalities or user costs. Moreover, existing taxes affect relative fuel prices and may raise emission levels. The removal of subsidies and the restructuring of taxes so that fuel prices are brought into line with marginal social costs could result in emission abatement and lower abatement costs.

Rosemary Clarke

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Renewable energy subsidies: Second-best policy or fatal aberration for mitigation?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper evaluates the consequences of renewable energy policies on welfare and energy prices in a world where carbon pricing is imperfect and the regulator seeks to limit emissions to a (cumulative) target. The imperfectness of the carbon price is motivated by political concerns regarding distributional effects of increased energy prices. Hence, carbon prices are considered to be temporarily or permanently absent or endogenously constrained by their effect on energy prices. We use a global general equilibrium model with an intertemporal fossil resource sector and calculate intertemporally optimal policies from a broad set of policy instruments including carbon taxes, renewable energy subsidies and feed-in-tariffs, among others. If carbon pricing is permanently missing, mitigation costs increase by a multiple (compared to the optimal carbon pricing policy) for a wide range of parameters describing extraction costs, renewable energy costs, substitution possibilities and normative attitudes. Furthermore, we show that small deviations from the second-best subsidy can lead to strong increases in emissions and consumption losses. This confirms the rising concerns about the occurrence of unintended side effects of climate policy – a new version of the green paradox. Smart combinations of carbon prices and renewable energy subsidies, however, can achieve ambitious mitigation targets at moderate additional costs without leading to high energy price increases.

Matthias Kalkuhl; Ottmar Edenhofer; Kai Lessmann

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

A new fractional interpolation-based smoothing scheme for variable structure control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new fractional interpolation-based smoothing scheme is proposed for variable structure control. Comparing with the conventional fractional interpolation scheme, as well as other similar smoothing schemes such as the hyperbolic tangent and the exponential smoothing schemes, the new scheme achieves the designated tracking precision bound with an adequate and yet moderate gain. Comparing with the well known saturation scheme, the new scheme achieves a smoother control profile, and possesses extra flexibility in adjusting the equivalent control gain while retaining the same precision bound. Substantial comparisons are conducted to confirm the effectiveness of the proposed smoothing control scheme.

Jian-Xin Xu; Ya-Jun Pan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

A flexible location management scheme for mobile computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

&rib?ted Database Manage- ment. System (DDBMS) is the clevelopirient, p)atlo& m, and we are using Proc"'C with el&lbeddi (I SQL. Though t, he two Viv&IX workstation& are accessing thi. san&e ORA- CLE server at SparcServer l000, they are using indcpen&leut dat, a..., objects. In fact, , these data objects can he distributed among s&vcral network hosts usiug OKACLE SQL NET ivithoiit any modihcation of the codes foi thc location operations. The Chent (UltraSparc: dasher) Client (UltraSparc: dancer) ORACLE Server...

Zhang, Ying

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flexible subsidy scheme" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The impact of subsidies and carbon pricing on the wood biomass use for energy in the EU  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study examines how subsidies for wood-fired heat and power plants and wood with coal co-fired power plants influence the use of wood biomass for energy in the short (2020) to medium (2030) term in the EU (European Union). Analysis shows that without subsidies wood-fired electricity will take only a marginal market share due to limited availability of low-cost wood from logging residues. A high CO2 price of 100 €/t without subsidies results in 30 million m3 of industrial wood used for energy production, which is sourced from the reduction of 12 million m3 for wood products, 10 million m3 additional imports and 8 million m3 additional harvest. With a subsidy level of 30 €/MWh in the four EU member countries Denmark, Germany, Netherlands and UK, the total amount of industrial wood used for energy becomes 158 million m3. In the latter case, reduction of wood for wood-based products is 35 million m3, additional harvest in the EU is 21 million m3, and import to the EU is 102 million m3. Subsidies to wood-fired and especially coal with wood co-fired mills substantially increase the use of wood and especially industrial wood for energy. However, even with a high 100 €/tCO2 price and subsidy, mostly gas-fired electricity is projected to be displaced in 2030 by the increasing use of industrial wood, which is not beneficial regarding reducing the high CO2 emission from power production using coal. To a large extent, subsidies for wood co-firing maintain the coal power share, which will otherwise be reduced at high carbon emission price level. In addition, the model results show that the main sources of the growing use of industrial wood for energy are imports from regions outside of the EU, which thus creates considerable carbon leakages.

Alexander Moiseyev; Birger Solberg; A. Maarit I. Kallio

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Reduction in subsidy for solar power as distributed electricity generation in Indian future competitive power market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Developed countries have seen renewable energy as a key tool for emission reduction as well as reducing reliance on oil gas and coal.Renewable energy sources (RESs) and technologies have potential to provide solutions to the longstanding energy problems being faced by the developing countries. In the future competitive electricity market for India it becomes very much important to give special consideration for development of RESs due to economic environmental and other social problems related with conventional generations.Solar energy can be an important part of India's plan not only to add new capacity but also to increase energy security and lead the massive market for renewable energy. The major problem with solar powergeneration (SPG) is high cost of renewable generation. The Indian government is providing a lot of subsidy in order to encourage renewable energygenerations. This paper presents an approach for reduction in subsidy of SPG used as distributed generator in competitive power market. The proposed approach has been validated with IEEE 14-bus and IEEE 30-bus systems.

Naveen Kumar Sharma; Yog Raj Sood

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Scottish Hydroelectric Schemes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... completed his study of the report into the Enquiry into the Fado-Fionn and Laidon hydroelectric schemes. The report concluded that neither scheme was needed, at least up to 1975 ...

1965-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

44

Flexible cryogenic conduit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A flexible and relatively low cost cryogenic conduit is described. The flexible cryogenic conduit of the present invention comprises a first inner corrugated tube with single braided serving, a second outer corrugated tube with single braided serving concentric with the inner corrugated tube, and arranged outwardly about the periphery of the inner corrugated tube and between the inner and outer corrugated tubes: a superinsulation layer; a one half lap layer of polyester ribbon; a one half lap layer of copper ribbon; a spirally wound refrigeration tube; a second one half lap layer of copper ribbon; a second one half lap layer of polyester ribbon; a second superinsulation layer; a third one half lap layer of polyester ribbon; and a spirally wound stretchable and compressible filament.

Brindza, Paul Daniel (Yorktown, VA); Wines, Robin Renee (Norfolk, VA); Takacs, James Joseph (Hayes, VA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Total isomerization gains flexibility  

SciTech Connect

Isomerization extends refinery flexibility to meet changing markets. TIP (Total Isomerization Process) allows conversion of paraffin fractions in the gasoline boiling region including straight run naptha, light reformate, aromatic unit raffinate, and hydrocrackate. The hysomer isomerization is compared to catalytic reforming. Isomerization routes are graphed. Cost estimates and suggestions on the use of other feedstocks are given. TIP can maximize gas production, reduce crude runs, and complement cat reforming. In four examples, TIP reduces reformer severity and increases reformer yield.

Symoniak, M.F.; Holcombe, T.C.

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

19 - Market development and certification schemes for biomethane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: Upgrading of biogas to methane and subsequent feed-in to the gas grid makes biomethane the ‘joker in the pack’ in the renewable energies game, with advantages from environmental, political and economic points of view. Thus, in many countries, governments have designed national support schemes or announced national targets, resulting in development of the biomethane market. Feed-in support schemes, quota obligations and green gas products are the dominating market drivers in Europe. While most countries base their production on organic waste as feedstock, Germany dominates Europe’s feed-in market with energy crops; its market has developed rapidly, from first feed-in in 2006 to a total of 80 plants operating at the end of 2011. The main driver in Germany is the feed-in tariff for renewable electricity via the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG). European trading of biomethane was enabled by European directives. Support schemes for biomethane rely on mass balancing systems or ‘book and claim’-certificates. Several mass balancing systems have developed in Europe, such as the German Biogasregister Deutschland and the Dutch Vertogas. Discussion on the impacts on the agriculture, rising government awareness of biomethane and the removal of barriers for international trade will be trends for the coming years. Existing mass balancing systems may contribute to international market development by creating a common standard. System integration into gas and power grids, moving from subsidies to markets and competition with natural gas may become issues when biomethane increases in relevance.

Bowe Stephan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

R&D Subsidy and Self-Financed R&D: The Case of Japanese High-Technology Start-Ups  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper examines whether public R&D subsidies constitute a substitute or complement for private-financed R&D. The empirical analysis is based on a panel data of 223 Japanese high-technology start-ups. ... hypo...

Tadahisa Koga

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Flexible ocean upwelling pipe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In an ocean thermal energy conversion facility, a cold water riser pipe is releasably supported at its upper end by the hull of the floating facility. The pipe is substantially vertical and has its lower end far below the hull above the ocean floor. The pipe is defined essentially entirely of a material which has a modulus of elasticity substantially less than that of steel, e.g., high density polyethylene, so that the pipe is flexible and compliant to rather than resistant to applied bending moments. The position of the lower end of the pipe relative to the hull is stabilized by a weight suspended below the lower end of the pipe on a flexible line. The pipe, apart from the weight, is positively buoyant. If support of the upper end of the pipe is released, the pipe sinks to the ocean floor, but is not damaged as the length of the line between the pipe and the weight is sufficient to allow the buoyant pipe to come to a stop within the line length after the weight contacts the ocean floor, and thereafter to float submerged above the ocean floor while moored to the ocean floor by the weight. The upper end of the pipe, while supported by the hull, communicates to a sump in the hull in which the water level is maintained below the ambient water level. The sump volume is sufficient to keep the pipe full during heaving of the hull, thereby preventing collapse of the pipe.

Person, Abraham (Los Alamitos, CA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Audit of Bus Service Subsidies at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, WR-B-97-02  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AUDIT OF BUS SERVICE SUBSIDIES AT THE IDAHO NATIONAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY The Office of Inspector General wants to make the distribution of its reports as customer friendly and cost-effective as possible. Therefore, this report will be available electronically through the Internet five to seven days after publication at the following alternative addresses: Department of Energy Headquarters Gopher gopher.hr.doe.gov Department of Energy Headquarters Anonymous FTP vm1.hqadmin.doe.gov

50

Flexible cloth seal assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A seal assembly is described having a flexible cloth seal which includes a shim assemblage surrounded by a cloth assemblage. A first tubular end portion, such as a gas turbine combustor, includes a longitudinal axis and has smooth and spaced-apart first and second surface portions defining a notch there between which is wider at its top than at its bottom and which extends outward from the axis. The second surface portion is outside curved, and a first edge of the cloth seal is positioned in the bottom of the notch. A second tubular end portion, such as a first stage nozzle, is located near, spaced apart from, and coaxially aligned with, the first tubular end portion. The second tubular end portion has a smooth third surface portion which surrounds at least a portion of the first tubular end portion and which is contacted by the cloth seal. 7 figs.

Bagepalli, B.S.; Taura, J.C.; Aksit, M.F.; Demiroglu, M.; Predmore, D.R.

1999-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

51

Damped flexible seal  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A damped flexible seal assembly for a torpedo isolates the tailcone thereof rom vibrational energy present in the drive shaft assembly. A pair of outside flanges, each of which include an inwardly facing groove and an O-ring constrained therein, provide a watertight seal against the outer non-rotating surface of the drive shaft assembly. An inside flange includes an outwardly-facing groove and an O-ring constrained therein, and provides a watertight seal against the inner surface of the tail cone. Two cast-in-place elastomeric seals provide a watertight seal between the flanges and further provide a damping barrier between the outside flanges and the inside flanges for damping vibrational energy present in the drive shaft assembly before the energy can reach the tailcone through the seal assembly.

DuBois, Neil J. (Cranston, RI); Amaral, Antonio M. (Barrington, RI)

1992-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

52

CANDU fuel cycle flexibility  

SciTech Connect

High neutron economy, on-power refuelling, and a simple bundle design provide a high degree of flexibility that enables CANDU (CANada Deuterium Uranium; registered trademark) reactors to be fuelled with a wide variety of fuel types. Near-term applications include the use of slightly enriched uranium (SEU), and recovered uranium (RU) from reprocessed spent Light Water Reactor (LWR) fuel. Plutonium and other actinides arising from various sources, including spent LWR fuel, can be accommodated, and weapons-origin plutonium could be destroyed by burning in CANDU. In the DUPIC fuel cycle, a dry processing method would convert spent Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) fuel to CANDU fuel. The thorium cycle remains of strategic interest in CANDU to ensure long-term resource availability, and would be of specific interest to those countries possessing large thorium reserves, but limited uranium resources.

Torgerson, D.F.; Boczar, P.G. [Chalk River Lab., Ontario (Canada); Dastur, A.R. [AECL CANDU, Mississauga, Ontario (Canada)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

53

Efficient Metering Schemes with Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Efficient Metering Schemes with Pricing Barbara Masucci Dipartimento di Informatica ed Applicazioni and Pinkas [7] introduced metering schemes. They proposed metering schemes in which any server is able and proposed metering schemes with pricing. In their schemes any server is able to construct a proof which

Stinson, Douglas

54

Electric Motor Management Scheme  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper explores traditional repair situations and draws a comparison with a structured scheme, which commences with an audit of all stock and plant motors held by a typical user. A nominated repairer is sel...

Richard Blandford

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Flexible ultrasonic pipe inspection apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A flexible, modular ultrasonic pipe inspection apparatus, comprising a flexible, hollow shaft that carries a plurality of modules, including at least one rotatable ultrasonic transducer, a motor/gear unit, and a position/signal encoder. The modules are connected by flexible knuckle joints that allow each module of the apparatus to change its relative orientation with respect to a neighboring module, while the shaft protects electrical wiring from kinking or buckling while the apparatus moves around a tight corner. The apparatus is moved through a pipe by any suitable means, including a tether or drawstring attached to the nose or tail, differential hydraulic pressure, or a pipe pig. The rotational speed of the ultrasonic transducer and the forward velocity of the apparatus are coordinated so that the beam sweeps out the entire interior surface of the pipe, enabling the operator to accurately assess the condition of the pipe wall and determine whether or not leak-prone corrosion damage is present.

Jenkins, Charles F. (Aiken, SC); Howard, Boyd D. (Augusta, GA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Designing Flexible Heat Exchanger Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

major drawback is that this approach is inadequate for multiperiod problems. It starts with a design for one period nd makes it flexible for other periods. Further, it guarantees flexibility at minimum capital cost without regard to the energy cost....06 0.0 0.0 26.30 1136.18 26.30 C2 9.68 288.8 0.0 0.0 19.211 646.96 19.11 TDTAL AREA 145.59 Total Annualized Capital Cost: $172,700/year Total Energy Cost: $147,178/year Total Annualized Cost: $319,878/year Table 5 OPTIMAL MULTI PERIOD...

Gautam, R.; Chen, H. S.; Wareck, J. S.

57

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicles  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Ethanol Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicles on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Laws & Incentives Flexible Fuel Vehicles Photo of a flexible fuel vehicle.

58

Flexible ultrasonic pipe inspection apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Pipe crawlers, pipe inspection {open_quotes}rabbits{close_quotes} and similar vehicles are widely used for inspecting the interior surfaces of piping systems, storage tanks and process vessels for damaged or flawed structural features. This paper describes the design of a flexible, modular ultrasonic pipe inspection apparatus.

Jenkins, C.F.; Howard, B.D.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

All Other Editions Are Obsolete U.S. Department of Energy Subsidy for Energy Employees' Transit Application  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

80.2 80.2 (02-93) All Other Editions Are Obsolete U.S. Department of Energy Subsidy for Energy Employees' Transit Application Name: (Last) (First) (MI) (Social Security No. Home Address: (Number/Street) (City) (State) (Zip Code) Building (FOR, GTN, etc.): Certification: I hereby certify that I am employed by U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and am not a member of a commuter vanpool or carpool and not listed on a worksite parking permit with any Federal agency. I certify that I am eligible for a public transportation fare benefit, am obtaining it for my personal, commuting use to and/or from work, and will not transfer it to anyone else. I further certify that the monthly transit benefit I am receiving does not exceed my

60

A flexible control system for flexible manufacturing systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in developing nations. The current efforts in automation are identified as flexible manufacturing systems (FMSs) if they are limited to the shop floor or computer integrated manufacturing (CIM) if they include front office functions including computer aided... Unfortunately, CIM systems are ?virtually out of reach of most of the small companies that could most benefit from CIM,? because no commercial software is available to perform integrated control over the individual shop floor components (Smith and Joshi, 1995...

Scott, Wesley Dane

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flexible subsidy scheme" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

New LNG process scheme  

SciTech Connect

A new LNG cycle has been developed for base load liquefaction facilities. This new design offers a different technical and economical solution comparing in efficiency with the classical technologies. The new LNG scheme could offer attractive business opportunities to oil and gas companies that are trying to find paths to monetize gas sources more effectively; particularly for remote or offshore locations where smaller scale LNG facilities might be applicable. This design offers also an alternative route to classic LNG projects, as well as alternative fuel sources. Conceived to offer simplicity and access to industry standard equipment, This design is a hybrid result of combining a standard refrigeration system and turboexpander technology.

Foglietta, J.H.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

ULTRA BARRIER TOPSHEET (UBT) FOR FLEXIBLE PHOTOVOLTAICS  

SciTech Connect

This slide-show presents 3M photovoltaic-related products, particularly flexible components. Emphasis is on the 3M Ultra Barrier Solar Films. Topics covered include reliability and qualification testing and flexible photovoltaic encapsulation costs.

DeScioli, Derek

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Effectiveness and design of sparse process flexibilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The long chain has been an important concept in the design of flexible processes. This design concept, as well as other sparse flexibility structures, have been applied by the automotive and other industries as a way to ...

Wei, Yehua, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Flexible helical-axis stellarator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An 1=1 helical winding which spirals about a conventional planar, circular central conductor of a helical-axis stellarator adds a significant degree of flexibility by making it possible to control the rotational transform profile and shear of the magnetic fields confining the plasma in a helical-axis stellarator. The toroidal central conductor links a plurality of toroidal field coils which are separately disposed to follow a helical path around the central conductor in phase with the helical path of the 1=1 winding. This coil configuration produces bean-shaped magnetic flux surfaces which rotate around the central circular conductor in the same manner as the toroidal field generating coils. The additional 1=1 winding provides flexible control of the magnetic field generated by the central conductor to prevent the formation of low-order resonances in the rotational transform profile which can produce break-up of the equilibrium magnetic surfaces. Further, this additional winding can deepen the magnetic well which together with the flexible control provides increased stability.

Harris, Jeffrey H. (Oak Ridge, TN); Hender, Timothy C. (Abingdon, GB2); Carreras, Benjamin A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Cantrell, Jack L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Morris, Robert N. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Flexible  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

properties (2-5). In 2011, our group reported on a new family of 2D early transition metal carbides, which combined metallic conductivity and hydrophilic surfaces (6). This...

66

A Cheat-Proof Game Theoretic Demand Response Scheme for Smart Grids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Cheat-Proof Game Theoretic Demand Response Scheme for Smart Grids Yan Chen, W. Sabrina Lin, Feng}@umd.edu Abstract--While demand response has achieved promising results on making the power grid more efficient and reliable, the additional dynamics and flexibility brought by demand response also increase the uncertainty

Liu, K. J. Ray

67

Hiring Flexibilities | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Hiring Flexibilities | National Nuclear Security Administration Hiring Flexibilities | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Hiring Flexibilities Home > Federal Employment > Our Jobs > Hiring Flexibilities Hiring Flexibilities NNSA supports hiring veterans and persons with disabilities for positions throughout our complex. Veterans Job Seekers with Disabilities

68

Flexible Spending Accounts | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Flexible Spending Accounts | National Nuclear Security Administration Flexible Spending Accounts | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Flexible Spending Accounts Home > Federal Employment > Working at NNSA > Benefits > Flexible Spending Accounts Flexible Spending Accounts The great jobs we have at NNSA also come with comprehensive benefits

69

A DAW lockout scheme  

SciTech Connect

In it`s document TR-105834, Project 24414 dated November 1995 and titled {open_quotes}Zero Plastics and the Radiologically Protected Area Low Level Waste Lockout Program{close_quotes}, EPRI describes DAW lockout as a {open_quotes}very advanced{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}perhaps the most powerful of all approaches to LLW minimization.{close_quotes} The report discusses implementation of a lockout program at Kewaunee, LaSalle and Zion stations but states that {open_quotes}no quantifiable results{close_quotes} were available at time of report printing. Waterford 3 Nuclear Station began implementing a limited lockout scheme in 1993. This paper presents Waterford`s experience and results achieved through the lockout approach.

Landeche, D.A. [Entergy Operations, Inc., Killona, LA (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Flexible Spending Accounts (FSA) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Flexible Spending Accounts (FSA) Flexible Spending Accounts (FSA) Flexible Spending Accounts (FSA) FSAFEDS offers three different flexible spending accounts (FSAs): A health care flexible spending account A limited expense health care flexible spending account A dependent care flexible spending account. Eligible employees can enroll in FSAFEDS each year during the Federal Benefits Open Season (the November/December timeframe). Open Season enrollments are effective January 1 of the following year. Current enrollees must remember to enroll each year to continue participating in FSAFEDS. Enrollment does NOT carry forward year to year. New and newly eligible employees who wish to enroll in this program must do so within 60 days after they become eligible, but before October 1 of the calendar year.

71

Design of Flexible-Duct Junction Boxes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Design of Flexible-duct Design of Flexible-duct Junction Boxes Robert Beach, IBACOS Duncan Prahl, IBACOS Design of Flexible-duct Junction Boxes Presentation Outline * Current Standards and Practice * Analysis Methods * Recommendations Design of Flexible-duct Junction Boxes * Detailed report is in peer review anticipated to be published T3 this year. - http://www1.eere.energy.gov/library/default.aspx?page=2&spi d=2. * Measure guide to be part of Building America Solutions Center - http://basc.pnnl.gov/ Design of Flexible-duct Junction Boxes Typical Installations As Plenum As Monster Design of Flexible-duct Junction Boxes Current Standards * ASHRAE 2012 HVAC Systems and Equipment, Box Plenum Systems Using Flexible Duct - Constrains Box Width to 2-3x Entrance Width - Constrains Box Length to 2 x Box Width

72

New Scheme of Quantum Teleportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new scheme for quantum teleportation is presented, in which the complete teleportation can be occurred even when an entangled state between Alice and Bob is not maximal.

A. Kossakowski; M. Ohya

2005-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

73

Cap-and-Trade Properties under Different Scheme Designs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the key design mechanisms of existing and proposed cap-and-trade markets. First, it is shown that the hybrid systems under investigation (safety-valve with offsets, price floor using a subsidy, price ...

Taschini, Luca

74

Thermodynamics of tubelike flexible polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we present the general phase behavior of short tubelike flexible polymers. The geometric thickness constraint is implemented through the concept of the global radius of curvature. We use sophisticated Monte Carlo sampling methods to simulate small bead-stick polymer models with Lennard-Jones interaction among non-bonded monomers. We analyze energetic fluctuations and structural quantities to classify conformational pseudophases. We find that the tube thickness influences the thermodynamic behavior of simple tubelike polymers significantly, i.e., for given temperature, the formation of secondary structures strongly depends on the tube thickness.

Thomas Vogel; Thomas Neuhaus; Michael Bachmann; Wolfhard Janke

2009-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

75

Thermodynamics of tubelike flexible polymers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work, we discuss the general phase behavior of short tubelike flexible polymers. The geometric thickness constraint is implemented through the concept of the global radius of curvature. We use sophisticated Monte Carlo sampling methods to simulate small bead-stick polymer models with Lennard-Jones interaction among nonbonded monomers. We analyze energetic fluctuations and structural quantities to classify conformational pseudophases. We find that the tube thickness influences the thermodynamic behavior of simple tubelike polymers significantly, i.e., for a given temperature, the formation of secondary structures strongly depends on the tube thickness.

Thomas Vogel; Thomas Neuhaus; Michael Bachmann; Wolfhard Janke

2009-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

76

Classification Schemes for Collection Mediation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the author. #12;Abstract Work domain analysis and work centered design is a new approach to designClassification Schemes for Collection Mediation: Work Centered Design and Cognitive Work Analysis science. #12;Classification Schemes for Collection Mediation: Cognitive Work Analysis and Work Centered

77

The impact of implied facilities cost of money subsidies on capital expenditures and the cost of debt in the defense industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examine the public policy effects of a cash flow subsidy unique to the government contracting industry, on defense contractors’ capital expenditures and cost of debt over a relatively long time-period, 1978–2009. Because the Department of Defense found evidence of a shrinking defense industrial base in the early 1970s, it wanted to encourage capital spending by defense firms. The result was a cost accounting standard that reimbursed contractors for an imputed facilities capital cost of money (FCCOM) that has remained in effect, virtually unchanged, for almost 30 years, despite structural changes in the defense industry. Our results, using a sample of 628 defense firms, suggest that the standard met its intended objective of increased capital spending within 10 years of its promulgation. However, we also find that the FCCOM subsidy may have contributed to a decreased cost of debt within the defense sector over the long-term. Finally, further analyses indicate that the long-term persistence of this subsidy may have encouraged defense contractors to overinvest in capital goods. Our findings suggest that public policy makers should consider both direct and indirect effects of regulation embedded in accounting standards.

Carolyn M. Callahan; Valaria P. Vendrzyk; Maureen G. Butler

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Self-synchronizing scheme for high speed computational ghost imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computational ghost imaging needs to acquire a large number of correlated measurements between reference patterns and the scene for reconstruction, so extremely high acquisition speed is crucial for fast ghost imaging. With the development of technologies, high frequency illumination and detectors are both available, but their synchronization needs technique demanding customization and lacks flexibility for different setup configurations. This letter proposes a self-synchronization scheme that can eliminate this difficulty by introducing a high precision synchronization technique and corresponding algorithm. We physically implement the proposed scheme using a 20kHz spatial light modulator to generate random binary patterns together with a 100 times faster photodiode for high speed ghost imaging, and the acquisition frequency is around 14 times faster than that of state-of-the-arts.

Suo, Jinli; Bian, Liheng; Zhang, Lei; Dai, Qionghai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Flexible network wireless transceiver and flexible network telemetry transceiver  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A transceiver for facilitating two-way wireless communication between a baseband application and other nodes in a wireless network, wherein the transceiver provides baseband communication networking and necessary configuration and control functions along with transmitter, receiver, and antenna functions to enable the wireless communication. More specifically, the transceiver provides a long-range wireless duplex communication node or channel between the baseband application, which is associated with a mobile or fixed space, air, water, or ground vehicle or other platform, and other nodes in the wireless network or grid. The transceiver broadly comprises a communication processor; a flexible telemetry transceiver including a receiver and a transmitter; a power conversion and regulation mechanism; a diplexer; and a phased array antenna system, wherein these various components and certain subcomponents thereof may be separately enclosed and distributable relative to the other components and subcomponents.

Brown, Kenneth D. (Grain Valley, MO)

2008-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

80

Flexibility in 21st Century Power Systems  

SciTech Connect

Flexibility of operation--the ability of a power system to respond to change in demand and supply--is a characteristic of all power systems. Flexibility is especially prized in twenty-first century power systems, with higher levels of grid-connected variable renewable energy (primarily, wind and solar). This paper summarizes the analytic frameworks that have emerged to measure this characteristic and distills key principles of flexibility for policy makers.

Cochran, J.; Miller, M.; Zinaman, O.; Milligan, M.; Arent, D.; Palmintier, B.; O'Malley, M.; Mueller, S.; Lannoye, E.; Tuohy, A.; Kujala, B.; Sommer, M.; Holttinen, H.; Kiviluoma, J.; Soonee, S. K.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flexible subsidy scheme" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Flexibility in 21st Century Power Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

usage * Flexible demand-side resources: incorporation of smart grids to enable demand response, storage, responsive distributed generation, and other means for customers to...

82

PIA - Flexible Spending Accounts | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Spending Accounts PIA - Flexible Spending Accounts More Documents & Publications PIA - INL PeopleSoft - Human Resource System PIA - Human Resources - Personal Information Change...

83

Flexible Pressure Sensors: Modeling and Experimental Characterization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flexible capacitive pressure sensors fabricated with nanocomposites were experimentally characterized and results compared with simulations from analytical modeling. Unlike traditional diaphragm silicon pressure sensors, ...

Viana, J.C.

84

Biaxially Oriented Film on Flexible Polymeric Substrate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oriented Film on Flexible Polymeric Substrate A semiconducting structure having a glass substrate. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Biaxially...

85

Regenerator Location Problem in Flexible Optical Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 22, 2014 ... Abstract: In this study we introduce the regenerator location problem in flexible optical networks (RLP-FON). With a given traffic demand, ...

BARIS YILDIZ

2014-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

86

Technology modernization assessment flexible automation  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this report are: to present technology assessment guidelines to be considered in conjunction with defense regulations before an automation project is developed to give examples showing how assessment guidelines may be applied to a current project to present several potential areas where automation might be applied successfully in the depot system. Depots perform primarily repair and remanufacturing operations, with limited small batch manufacturing runs. While certain activities (such as Management Information Systems and warehousing) are directly applicable to either environment, the majority of applications will require combining existing and emerging technologies in different ways, with the special needs of depot remanufacturing environment. Industry generally enjoys the ability to make revisions to its product lines seasonally, followed by batch runs of thousands or more. Depot batch runs are in the tens, at best the hundreds, of parts with a potential for large variation in product mix; reconfiguration may be required on a week-to-week basis. This need for a higher degree of flexibility suggests a higher level of operator interaction, and, in turn, control systems that go beyond the state of the art for less flexible automation and industry in general. This report investigates the benefits and barriers to automation and concludes that, while significant benefits do exist for automation, depots must be prepared to carefully investigate the technical feasibility of each opportunity and the life-cycle costs associated with implementation. Implementation is suggested in two ways: (1) develop an implementation plan for automation technologies based on results of small demonstration automation projects; (2) use phased implementation for both these and later stage automation projects to allow major technical and administrative risk issues to be addressed. 10 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs. (JF)

Bennett, D.W.; Boyd, D.R.; Hansen, N.H.; Hansen, M.A.; Yount, J.A.

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Lattice Boltzmann schemes without coordinates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...P. Boon and P. V. Coveney Lattice Boltzmann schemes without coordinates...developments extending the scope of the lattice Boltzmann method to unstructured (coordinateless...multi-scale applications. lattice Boltzmann method|irregular grids|computational...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

High-flexibility, noncollapsing lightweight hose  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high-flexibility, noncollapsing, lightweight, large-bore, wire-reinforced hose is inside fiber-reinforced PVC tubing that is flexible, lightweight, and abrasion resistant. It provides a strong, kink- and collapse-free conduit for moving large quantities of dangerous fluids, e.g., removing radioactive waste water or processing chemicals.

Williams, David A. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

High-flexibility, noncollapsing lightweight hose  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high-flexibility, noncollapsing, lightweight, large-bore, wire-reinforced hose is inside fiber-reinforced PVC tubing that is flexible, lightweight, and abrasion resistant. It provides a strong, kink- and collapse-free conduit for moving large quantities of dangerous fluids, e.g., removing radioactive waste water or processing chemicals.

Williams, D.A.

1993-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

90

NREL: Energy Analysis: Electric System Flexibility and Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electric System Flexibility and Storage Electric System Flexibility and Storage Options for Increasing Electric System Flexibility to Accommodate Higher Levels of Variable Renewable Electricity Increased electric system flexibility, needed to enable electricity supply-demand balance with high levels of renewable generation, can come from a portfolio of supply- and demand-side options, including flexible conventional generation, grid storage, curtailment of some renewable generation, new transmission, and more responsive loads. NREL's electric system flexibility studies investigate the role of various electric system flexibility options on large-scale deployment of renewable energy. NREL's electric system flexibility analyses show that: Key factors in improving grid flexibility include (1) increasing the

91

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Flexible Fuel Vehicle Conversions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Flexible Fuel Ethanol Flexible Fuel Vehicle Conversions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Flexible Fuel Vehicle Conversions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Flexible Fuel Vehicle Conversions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Flexible Fuel Vehicle Conversions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Flexible Fuel Vehicle Conversions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Flexible Fuel Vehicle Conversions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Flexible Fuel Vehicle Conversions on AddThis.com... Ethanol Flexible Fuel Vehicle Conversions Updated July 29, 2011 Rising gasoline prices and concerns about climate change have greatly

92

Coherence and Flexibility in Dialogue Games for Argumentation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......2005 Original Article Original Articles Coherence and Flexibility in Dialogue Games for...particular, it allows for varying degrees of coherence and flexibility when it comes to maintaining...dialogue games, defeasible reasoning| Coherence and Flexibility in Dialogue Games for......

Henry Prakken

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

The smoothing transformer, a new concept in dc side harmonic reduction of HVdc schemes  

SciTech Connect

Direct connection schemes have been a subject of recent investigation, offering operational flexibility and substantial reductions in ac components. In these schemes the use of active dc filters has been suggested to replace the conventional tuned passive filter design. This paper presents the smoothing transformer as a new means for reducing dc harmonics at characteristic and non-characteristic frequencies using only passive components. A realistic smoothing transformer design is examined using the New Zealand HVdc system operating in the direct connection mode. The steady-state and transient performance of the smoothing transformer design is compared with that of the existing dc smoothing reactor and filter bank.

Enright, W.; Arrillaga, J.; Wood, A.R.; Hidalgo, F.P.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Flexible Distributed Energy and Water from Waste for the Food...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Flexible Distributed Energy and Water from Waste for the Food and Beverage Industry - Fact Sheet, 2014 Flexible Distributed Energy and Water from Waste for the Food and Beverage...

95

Development of Fuel-Flexible Combustion Systems Utilizing Opportunity...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Fuel-Flexible Combustion Systems Utilizing Opportunity Fuels in Gas Turbines - Fact Sheet, May 2014 Development of Fuel-Flexible Combustion Systems Utilizing Opportunity Fuels in...

96

Flexible Pillared Graphene-Paper Electrodes for High-Performance...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flexible Pillared Graphene-Paper Electrodes for High-Performance Electrochemical Supercapacitors. Flexible Pillared Graphene-Paper Electrodes for High-Performance Electrochemical...

97

Hail Impact Testing on Crystalline Si Modules with Flexible Packaging...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hail Impact Testing on Crystalline Si Modules with Flexible Packaging Hail Impact Testing on Crystalline Si Modules with Flexible Packaging Presented at the PV Module Reliability...

98

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicle Conversions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conversions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicle Conversions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicle...

99

Fuel-Flexible Microturbine and Gasifier System for Combined Heat...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Flexible Microturbine and Gasifier System for Combined Heat and Power Fuel-Flexible Microturbine and Gasifier System for Combined Heat and Power Capstone Turbine Corporation, in...

100

Electricity for road transport, flexible power systems and wind...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electricity for road transport, flexible power systems and wind power (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Electricity for road transport, flexible power...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flexible subsidy scheme" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Flexible Fuel Vehicles: Providing a Renewable Fuel Choice, Vehicle...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Flexible Fuel Vehicles: Providing a Renewable Fuel Choice, Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP) (Fact Sheet) Flexible Fuel Vehicles: Providing a Renewable Fuel Choice, Vehicle...

102

Fuel-Flexible, Low-Emissions Catalytic Combustor for Opportunity...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Flexible, Low-Emissions Catalytic Combustor for Opportunity Fuels Fuel-Flexible, Low-Emissions Catalytic Combustor for Opportunity Fuels This fact sheet provides an overview of the...

103

Biaxially Oriented Film on Flexible Polymeric Substrate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biaxially Oriented Film on Flexible Polymeric Substrate Biaxially Oriented Film on Flexible Polymeric Substrate Biaxially Oriented Film on Flexible Polymeric Substrate A semiconducting structure having a glass substrate. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Biaxially Oriented Film on Flexible Polymeric Substrate LANL's Aligned-Crystalline Silicon (ACSi) technology provides highly crystalline silicon films on inexpensive substrates, such as metal sheets and glass plates. ACSi films exhibit good electrical and optical properties and have the potential to make an impact on the solar cell industry. The current ACSi prototype, designed under subpar tooling conditions in a non-optimal environment, already demonstrates 2% conversion efficiency. U.S. Patent No.: 7,601.430 (DOE S-104,959) Patent Application Filing Date: January 31, 2006

104

Flexible Capital Fund (Vermont) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Flexible Capital Fund (Vermont) Flexible Capital Fund (Vermont) Flexible Capital Fund (Vermont) < Back Eligibility Commercial Agricultural Construction Rural Electric Cooperative Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Vermont Program Type Loan Program Provider Vermont Sustainable Jobs Fund The Vermont Sustainable Jobs Fund's Flexible Capital Fund (the "Flex Fund") is designed for companies in Vermont's rural areas that are smaller and work on a less-than global scale, offering a return on investment that does not always meet venture capital levels. These rural companies may need a form of "equity" to fuel growth but need it in lesser amounts and perhaps at lower returns than traditional venture

105

A flexible design framework for autonomous mowing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work outlines the creation of a flexible design framework for autonomous mowing to meet changing customer needs and functionality across a spectrum of applications from residential areas to sport complexes. The thesis ...

Kraft, Justin (Justin A.)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Technology Roadmap for Automotive Flexible Display  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Flexible displays are thin, lightweight, unbreakable, and energy saving, which can be fabricated using the existing display manufacturing facilities, reducing the significant cost of building new facilities. In a...

Byung Sung Yoon; Corey White; Greg Wease…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Object-Oriented Modelling of Flexible Beams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper the problem of modelling flexible thin beams in multibody systems is tackled. The proposed model, implemented with the object-oriented modelling language Modelica, is completely modular, allowing th...

Francesco Schiavo; Luca Viganò; Gianni Ferretti

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Tumbling Dynamics of Passive Flexible Wings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The influence of flexibility on the flight of autorotating winged seedpods is examined through an experimental investigation of tumbling rectangular paper strips freely falling in air. Our results suggest the existence of ...

Tam, Daniel

109

Ideals and flexibility in close relationships  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two studies examined the roles that ideal standards aphics. for a romantic partner, and the flexibility of these standards, play in relationships. In the first study, 239 men and women involved in dating relationships were asked to rate themselves...

Campbell, Lorne John

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Nanocomposite Flexible Pressure Sensor for Biomedical Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new approach for the fabrication of flexible pressure sensors based on aligned carbon nanotubes (A-CNTs) is described in this paper. The technology is suitable for blood pressure sensors that can be attached to a stent-graft ...

Fachin, F.

111

Flexible Optical Networks: An Energy Efficiency Perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High energy efficiency is expected to become a mandatory design criterion in optical networks of the future. This paper investigates schemes for enhancing the energy ...

Khodakarami, Hamid; Pillai, Bipin Sankar Gopalakrishna; Sedighi, Behnam; Shieh, William

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Comprehensive assessment of flexibility of the wind power industry chain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A number of energy development plans have been released in China in recent decades. These plans were aimed at promoting the optimization of the Chinese energy industry structure and achieving emission reduction targets by encouraging the development of clean energies such as wind energy. The sustainable development of the clean energy industry chain faces a number of challenges, one of which is the lack of flexibility. This has led to some serious issues associated with clean power industries such as wind power and it is timely to investigate the flexibility of the wind power industry chain to ensure its sustainable development. A hybrid research methodology has been employed in this study to identify most critical factors that affect the flexibility level of the wind power industry chain. These factors are related to seven types of flexibility, i.e. structural flexibility, production flexibility, operational flexibility, technological flexibility, development flexibility, construction flexibility, and policy flexibility. A flexibility assessment index system classified according to upstream, midstream and downstream industry supply chain has been established for the wind power industry chain and a Matter-element extension model was adopted to determine the level of flexibility. The flexibility deviation of the main factors that affect the flexibility of wind power was calculated using sensitivity analysis. The case study suggested that it is feasible to utilize this novel method to evaluate the flexibility of the wind power industry chain. The outcomes of the flexibility analysis provide useful information to assist the decision making process of both government and industry.

Cun-Bin Li; Hong-Yi Chen; Jiang Zhu; Jian Zuo; George Zillante; Zhen-Yu Zhao

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicle Availability  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Flexible Fuel Vehicle Flexible Fuel Vehicle Availability to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicle Availability on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicle Availability on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicle Availability on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicle Availability on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicle Availability on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicle Availability on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Laws & Incentives Flexible Fuel Vehicle Availability Flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs)-which can run on E85 (a gasoline-ethanol

114

Superconducting Cable Having A Flexible Former  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In order to provide a flexible oxide superconducting cable which is reduced in AC loss, tape-shaped superconducting wires covered with a stabilizing metal are wound on a flexible former. The superconducting wires are preferably laid on the former at a bending strain of not more than 0.2%. In laying on the former, a number of tape-shaped superconducting wires are laid on a core member in a side-by-side manner, to form a first layer. A prescribed number of tape-shaped superconducting wires are laid on top of the first layer in a side-by-side manner, to form a second layer. The former may be made of a metal, plastic, reinforced plastic, polymer, or a composite and provides flexibility to the superconducting wires and the cable formed therewith.

Hughey, Raburn L. (Franklin, GA); Sinha, Uday K. (Carrollton, GA); Reece, David S. (Carrollton, GA); Muller, Albert C. (Eidson, TN)

2005-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

115

European Research Council ERC Grant Schemes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

European Research Council ERC Grant Schemes Guide for Applicants 31 January 2007 The Guide page on http://cordis.europa.eu European Commission FP7 Specific Programme IDEAS #12;- 2/53 ERC Grant?........................................................................................................... 5 2. ERC Grant Schemes

Scholl, Anthony J.

116

Flexible modelling and support of interrelated decisions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Decision problems often consist of numerous smaller decisions that are aggregated and interrelated while spanning multiple domains, paradigms, and/or perspectives. Therefore, the decision making process should be structured in such a flexible and iterative manner that enables a range of structured to unstructured decisions to be considered, built and solved in an appropriate manner. We propose and implement a framework and architecture that uses the three pillars of flexibility in decision making (sequential, parallel, convergence, and interwoven), versatility (of paradigm and/or domain), and independence of components (value, dimension, and purpose) to support the decision making process and the entire modelling lifecycle.

Angela Liew; David Sundaram

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Hybrid Signcryption Schemes With Outsider Security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hybrid Signcryption Schemes With Outsider Security (Extended Abstract) Alexander W. Dent.dent@rhul.ac.uk Abstract. This paper expands the notion of a KEM­DEM hybrid en- cryption scheme to the signcryption setting by introducing the notion of a signcryption KEM, a signcryption DEM and a hybrid signcryption scheme. We present

Dent, Alexander W.

118

Metering Schemes for General Access Structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metering Schemes for General Access Structures Barbara Masucci Dipartimento di Informatica ed, Canada E­mail: dstinson@cacr.math.uwaterloo.ca Abstract A metering scheme is a method by which an audit time frame. In this paper we construct metering schemes for more general access structures, which

Stinson, Douglas

119

European Research Council ERC Grant Schemes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

European Research Council ERC Grant Schemes Guide for Applicants 12 December 2007 [This revised version includes details on the ERC Advanced Grant scheme, which is subject to a first call for proposals. The general principles and information on the ERC grant schemes have been adapted accordingly. Further

Scholl, Anthony J.

120

Sustainable Energy Scheme Mentor Job description  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Sustainable Energy Scheme Mentor Job description Department: Student Administration and Registry and Outreach Team Job title: Engineering Scheme Mentor Responsible to: UK Student Recruitment and Outreach Team and agreement between the Sustainable Energy Scheme Mentor and the UK Student Recruitment and Outreach Team

Anderson, Jim

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flexible subsidy scheme" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

i-SUP 2008 Innovation for Sustainable Productioni-SUP 2008, Innovation for Sustainable Production, Brugge April 25  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

management, micro-grid concept, dynamic islanding etc (DSO) ­ Storage (TSO, DSO) ­ Demand response (DSO be flexible with heat storage and correct subsidy scheme for CHP · PV or Wind and Hydro 7 · PV or Wind and Hydro ­ Excellent combination with sufficient hydro storage #12;Demand options Demand options

122

Start-up Unveils Flexible Supercomputing Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Topics include a new flexible, easily programmable supercomputer; an API that helps developers build applications for multicore chips; a private wireless-spectrum marketplace; and an intelligent pill that comes with its own microprocessor. Keywords: supercomputer, Convey Computer, FPGA, Multicore Association, Multicore Communications Application Programming Interface, MCAPI, Spectrum Bridge, wireless spectrum, Philips Research, iPill

Linda Dailey Paulson

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Flexible hydrogel-based functional composite materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A composite having a flexible hydrogel polymer formed by mixing an organic phase with an inorganic composition, the organic phase selected from the group consisting of a hydrogel monomer, a crosslinker, a radical initiator, and/or a solvent. A polymerization mixture is formed and polymerized into a desired shape and size.

2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

124

Flexible Bio-battery February 7, 2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flexible Bio-battery Materials Thursday February 7, 2013 12:30pm - 1:30pm Talk by Dr. W.H. Katie at Washington State University (WSU), and 2012 International Visiting Research Scholar with the Peter Wall elastic and superior ionic conductive solid polymer electrolytes (SPEs) are prerequisite

Handy, Todd C.

125

Modeling realistic hybrid flexible flowshop scheduling problems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper aims to contribute to the recent research efforts to bridge the gap between the theory and the practice of scheduling by modelizing a realistic manufacturing environment and analyzing the effect of the inclusion of several characteristics ... Keywords: Hybrid flexible flowshop, Precedence constraints, Realistic scheduling, Sequence-dependent setup times

Rubén Ruiz; Funda Sivrikaya ?erifo?lu; Thijs Urlings

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Making Business Process Implementations Flexible and Robust  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in coping with errors and exceptional situations. In particular, we focus on new error handling proceduresMaking Business Process Implementations Flexible and Robust: Error Handling in the AristaFlow BPM on process management technology one fundamental goal is to ensure robustness of the realized process

Pfeifer, Holger

127

Flexible solar panels for frontline power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Flexible solar panels for frontline power Blast debris x-rays to develop better armour Reducing to improve mission outcomes 6 Solar energy for soldier mobility 8 Reducing the risk of missile strike 10 Major research effort delivers air power enhancement 12 On a whale hunt to save the wildlife 13 Briefs

128

Health Care and Dependent Care Flexible  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of money that is withheld from your pay on a pre-tax basis. Note: Health Care Reform extends medical FSAHealth Care and Dependent Care Flexible Spending Accounts Discovery Benefits, Inc. (866) 451 for certain health care and child care expenses with pre-tax dollars. FSA's may allow you to save money

129

Software architecture for flexible and extensible image decoding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a programmable image-decoder architecture for flexible and extensible software implementation. The architecture consists of software modules designed specifically for image-decoding processes, and an interpreter programmable using scripting language. We categorize typical image-decoding processes into bitstream-parsing, image-reconstruction, and data interfacing processes. Since the bitstream-parsing modules and image-reconstruction modules are not coupled in our design, the bitstream syntax can be described solely by bitstream-parsing processes. Moreover, we can modify reconstruction processes without any changes to the bitstream-parsing processes, and vice versa. A script describes an entire sequence of decoding processes, specifying the software modules to be used and their relationships. A set of intermediate codes provides a compact representation of a script. The script interpreter is implemented as a Forth-like stack-based interpreter that selects and executes each module. Adopting the above architecture, we have successfully implemented a programmable software decoder that can perform H.263, MPEG-1 and an original coding scheme that is application-specific.

Hiroshi Arakawa; Toshiyuki Maeda; Minoru Etoh

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicle (FFV) Promotion and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Flexible Fuel Vehicle Flexible Fuel Vehicle (FFV) Promotion and Vehicle Registry to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicle (FFV) Promotion and Vehicle Registry on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicle (FFV) Promotion and Vehicle Registry on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicle (FFV) Promotion and Vehicle Registry on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicle (FFV) Promotion and Vehicle Registry on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicle (FFV) Promotion and Vehicle Registry on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicle (FFV) Promotion and Vehicle Registry on AddThis.com... More in this section...

131

SunShot Initiative: Flexible Assembly Solar Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flexible Assembly Solar Flexible Assembly Solar Technology to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Flexible Assembly Solar Technology on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Flexible Assembly Solar Technology on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Flexible Assembly Solar Technology on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Flexible Assembly Solar Technology on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Flexible Assembly Solar Technology on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Flexible Assembly Solar Technology on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Systems Components Competitive Awards CSP Research & Development Thermal Storage CSP Recovery Act Baseload CSP SunShot Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative CSP Heat Integration for Baseload Renewable Energy Deployment

132

Environmental Assessment/ Regulatory Impact Review/ Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DRAFT Environmental Assessment/ Regulatory Impact Review/ Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Impact Review/Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis analyzes alternatives to include three species For Amendment 100 to the Fishery Management Plan for Groundfish of the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands

133

The effects of ankle compliance and flexibility on ankle sprains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effects of ankle compliance and flexibility on ankle sprains IAN C. WRIGHT, RICHARD R. NEPTUNE. J VAN DEN BOGERT, and B. M. NIGG. The effects of ankle compliance and flexibility on ankle sprains was to examine the influence of changes in subtalar joint flexibility and compliance on ankle sprain occurrence

134

Advanced materials for flexible pipe construction  

SciTech Connect

New materials have been developed for use in the construction of non-bonded flexible pipe for offshore oil and gas production in sever environmental conditions. Internal environmental conditions include high conveyed fluid temperatures with sour and waxy production fluids. External environmental conditions include low water temperatures and water depths of up to 2,000 m. In this paper, the results of test to verify the suitability of materials developed by Wellstream and its vendors specifically for these severe applications is presented.

Kalman, M.D.; Belcher, J.R.; Plaia, J.R. [Wellstream Company, L.P., Panama City, FL (United States). Dept. of Engineering

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Flexible procurement strategies smooth price spikes  

SciTech Connect

Pace Global Energy Services has been predicting for some time that the recent peaks in spot coal prices were not sustainable and this has been borne out. The latest available data on coal supply and demand fundamental suggest that spot coal prices may decline even more rapidly than previously forecast. Price volatility over the last five years suggests that a flexible procurement strategy that is well adapted to volatile market conditions may be just as important as knowledge of market fundamentals. 3 figs.

Gaalaas, T. [Pace Global Energy Services LLC (United States)

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

136

Identification and open loop control of a simulated flexible space structure experimentally verified with a real flexible structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IDENTIFICATION A. ND OPEN LOOP CONTROL OF A SIMULATED FLEXIBLE SPACE STRUCTURE EXPERIMENTALLY VERIFIED WITH A REAL FLEXIBLE STRUCTURE A Thesis by STEPHEN ERIC MORGAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASSAM University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1989 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering IDENTIFICATION AND OPEN LOOP CONTROL OF A SIMULATED FLEXIBLE SPACE STRUCTURE EXPERIMENTALLY VERIFIED WITH A REAL FLEXIBLE...

Morgan, Stephen Eric

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Enterprise Fellowship Scheme EFS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Academic Research foundation ) References: Enterprise Fellowship Scheme (EFS)1 This article is a stub. You can...

138

Empowering Variable Renewables: Options for Flexible Electricity Systems |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Empowering Variable Renewables: Options for Flexible Electricity Systems Empowering Variable Renewables: Options for Flexible Electricity Systems Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Empowering Variable Renewables: Options for Flexible Electricity Systems Agency/Company /Organization: International Energy Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Market analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Publications Website: www.iea.org/g8/2008/Empowering_Variable_Renewables.pdf Empowering Variable Renewables: Options for Flexible Electricity Systems Screenshot References: Empowering Variable Renewables: Options for Flexible Electricity Systems[1] Summary "Increasing the share of renewables in energy portfolios is a key tool in the drive to reduce anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions, as well as

139

Flexible-Fuel Vehicle Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Flexible-Fuel Vehicle Basics Flexible-Fuel Vehicle Basics Flexible-Fuel Vehicle Basics August 20, 2013 - 9:05am Addthis Photo of a gray van with 'E85 Ethanol' written on the side. Flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs) are capable of operating on gasoline, E85 (85% ethanol, 15% gasoline), or a mixture of both. There are almost 8 million flexible fuel vehicles on U.S. roads today, but many FFV owners don't know their vehicle is one. Unlike natural gas vehicles and propane bi-fuel vehicles, flexible fuel vehicles contain one fueling system, which is made up of ethanol-compatible components and is set to accommodate the higher oxygen content of E85. E85 should only be used in ethanol-capable FFVs. For more information, read Flexible Fuel Vehicles: Powered by a Renewable American Fuel. Download Adobe Reader.

140

A multidimensional upwind scheme for magnetohydrodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......artificial dissipation at shocks. MHD| A multidimensional upwind scheme...dissipation at shocks. Key words: MHD. 1 INT RO DU CTIO N There are...explains the division of the shock diagram in Jeffreys & Taniuti (1964...multidimensional upwind scheme for MHD 269 1998 RAS, MNRAS 297, 265277......

S.A.E.G Falle; S.S Komissarov; P. Joarder

1998-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flexible subsidy scheme" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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141

New Zealand Heavy-Water Scheme  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... has decided to withdraw from participation in the Wairakei Scheme. This scheme provided for utilizing geothermal steam for the generation of electric power and for the manufacture of heavy water, ... the heavy-water plant would be much higher than was originally estimated. A company, Geothermal Development, Ltd., was formed for this purpose, and this will be wound up ...

1956-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

142

Molecular subtyping scheme for Salmonella panama.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Molecular subtyping scheme for Salmonella panama J Stanley N Baquar A Burnens Virus Reference...describe a genotyping scheme for Salmonella panama. Defined probes specific for the 16S...element IS200 were generated by PCR from S. panama and were used to probe genomic Southern...

J Stanley; N Baquar; A Burnens

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Multiple Point Schemes for Corank 1 Maps  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Multiple Point Schemes for Corank 1 Maps Washington Luiz Marar David Mond...MULTIPLE POINT SCHEMES FOR CORANK 1 MAPS WASHINGTON LUIZ MARAR AND DAVID...1). Finally, denote the map Cn "1+fc -> C*~m defined...g:(Cn -1+k ,0) *C\\gis G-invariant}. Then

Washington Luiz Marar; David Mond

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Finite volume renormalization scheme for fermionic operators  

SciTech Connect

We propose a new finite volume renormalization scheme. Our scheme is based on the Gradient Flow applied to both fermion and gauge fields and, much like the Schr\\"odinger functional method, allows for a nonperturbative determination of the scale dependence of operators using a step-scaling approach. We give some preliminary results for the pseudo-scalar density in the quenched approximation.

Monahan, Christopher; Orginos, Kostas [JLAB

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Flexible Optical Chemical Sensor Platform for BTX  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An in-plane flexible sensor platform for \\{BTXs\\} detection was developed using low-cost patterning techniques and foil-based optical components. The platform was produced by a combination of laser patterning, inkjet printing and capillary filling. Key optical components such as lightguides, optical cladding layers and metallic interconnections were realized on low cost substrates such as paper and PET. The sensing mechanism is based on the change in fluorescence spectra of a reporter dye, supported over a porous matrix. Detection limits down to 1 ppm for benzene, toluene and xylene have been measured. Response times down to a few seconds were observed for different gas concentrations.

Juan Diego Arias Espinoza; Viacheslav Sazhnikov; Sami Sabik; Dmitriy Ionov; Edsger Smits; Sandeep Kalathimekkad; Geert Van Steenberge; Michail Alfimov; Ma?gorzata Po?niak; El?bieta Dobrzy?ska; Ma?gorzata Szewczy?ska; Krzysztof Benczek; Herman Schoo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

The economic effect of electricity net-metering with solar PV: Consequences for network cost recovery, cross subsidies and policy objectives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Net-metering is commonly known as a practice by which owners of distributed generation (DG) units may offset their electricity consumption from the grid with local generation. The increasing number of prosumers (consumers that both produce and consume electricity) with solar photovoltaic (PV) generation combined with net-metering results in reduced incomes for many network utilities worldwide. Consequently, this pushes utilities to increase charges per kW h in order to recover costs. For non-PV owners, this could result into inequality issues due to the fact that also non-PV owners have to pay higher chargers for their electricity consumed to make up for netted costs of PV-owners. In order to provide insight in those inequality issues caused by net-metering, this study presents the effects on cross-subsidies, cost recovery and policy objectives evolving from different applied netmetering and tariff designs for a residential consumer. Eventually this paper provides recommendations regarding tariffs and metering that will result in more explicit incentives for PV, instead of the current implicit incentives which are present to PV owners due to net-metering.

Cherrelle Eid; Javier Reneses Guillén; Pablo Frías Marín; Rudi Hakvoort

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Flexible Conversion Ratio Fast Reactor Systems Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Conceptual designs of lead-cooled and liquid salt-cooled fast flexible conversion ratio reactors were developed. Both concepts have cores reated at 2400 MWt placed in a large-pool-type vessel with dual-free level, which also contains four intermediate heat exchanges coupling a primary coolant to a compact and efficient supercritical CO2 Brayton cycle power conversion system. Decay heat is removed passively using an enhanced Reactor Vessel Auxiliary Cooling System and a Passive Secondary Auxiliary Cooling System. The most important findings were that (1) it is feasible to design the lead-cooled and salt-cooled reactor with the flexible conversion ratio (CR) in the range of CR=0 and CR=1 n a manner that achieves inherent reactor shutdown in unprotected accidents, (2) the salt-cooled reactor requires Lithium thermal Expansion Modules to overcme the inherent salt coolant's large positive coolant temperature reactivity coefficient, (3) the preferable salt for fast spectrum high power density cores is NaCl-Kcl-MgCl2 as opposed to fluoride salts due to its better themal-hydraulic and neutronic characteristics, and (4) both reactor, but attain power density 3 times smaller than that of the sodium-cooled reactor.

Neil Todreas; Pavel Hejzlar

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

148

CZT vs FFT: Flexibility vs Speed  

SciTech Connect

Bluestein's Fast Fourier Transform (FFT), commonly called the Chirp-Z Transform (CZT), is a little-known algorithm that offers engineers a high-resolution FFT combined with the ability to specify bandwidth. In the field of digital signal processing, engineers are always challenged to detect tones, frequencies, signatures, or some telltale sign that signifies a condition that must be indicated, ignored, or controlled. One of these challenges is to detect specific frequencies, for instance when looking for tones from telephones or detecting 60-Hz noise on power lines. The Goertzel algorithm described in Embedded Systems Programming, September 2002, offered a powerful tool toward finding specific frequencies faster than the FFT.Another challenge involves analyzing a range of frequencies, such as recording frequency response measurements, matching voice patterns, or displaying spectrum information on the face of an amateur radio. To meet this challenge most engineers use the well-known FFT. The CZT gives the engineer the flexibility to specify bandwidth and outputs real and imaginary frequency components from which the magnitude and phase can be computed. A description of the CZT and a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of CZT versus the FFT and Goertzel algorithms will be followed by situations in which the CZT would shine. The reader will find that the CZT is very useful but that flexibility has a price.

S. Sirin

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

NREL: Climate Neutral Research Campuses - Flexible Work Strategies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

These strategies can be used to reduce energy consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The following outlines conditions when and where flexible work schedules...

150

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Flexible Fuel Vehicle...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bulletins Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Flexible Fuel Vehicle Conversions to someone by E-mail Share...

151

Flexibility in 21st Century Power Systems (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Flexibility of operation--the ability of a power system to respond to change in demand and supply--is a characteristic of all power systems. Flexibility is especially prized in twenty-first century power systems, with higher levels of grid-connected variable renewable energy (primarily, wind and solar). Sources of flexibility exist--and can be enhanced--across all of the physical and institutional elements of the power system, including system operations and markets, demand side resources and storage; generation; and transmission networks. Accessing flexibility requires significant planning to optimize investments and ensure that both short- and long-time power system requirements are met.

Not Available

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Hail Impact Testing on Crystalline Si Modules with Flexible Packaging  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

% Semi-flexible packaging of silicon solar cells has potential applications in BIPV and consumer electronics. One of the more difficult reliability requirements for...

153

Controlling Noise in Ensemble Data Assimilation Schemes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A variety of ad hoc procedures have been developed to prevent filter divergence in ensemble-based data assimilation schemes. These procedures are necessary to reduce the impacts of sampling errors in the background error covariance matrix derived ...

Malaquias Peña; Zoltan Toth; Mozheng Wei

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Topology optimization of building bracing schemes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thesis presents a technique for producing economical solutions for conventional structural steel frames using topology optimization on the lateral bracing scheme. The study focuses mainly on minimizing the amount of ...

Goo, Zhen John

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Flexible microprocessor-based evaporation controller  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electron beam evaporation sources require two power supplies one each for the filament current and the electron acceleration. To obtain a stable deposition rate the emission current between filament and target must remain constant. During film deposition slight geometry changes in the evaporator cause significant rate variations making constant readjustment of the emission current necessary. While in commercial solutions analog feedback regulators are often used to perform this task these controllers cannot easily be adapted to home-built evaporation sources. The microcontrolled feedback controller presented here is more flexible and versatile than the commercial solutions. The controller can be easily modified to work with different external power supplies and allows the easy upgrade of most existing electron beam evaporation setups. A serial-port computer interface completely integrates the controller into the automated laboratory environment.

F.-J. Meyer zu Heringdorf; A. C. Belton

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Flexible human machine interface for process diagnostics  

SciTech Connect

A flexible human machine interface to design and display graphical and textual process diagnostic information is presented. The system operates on different computer hardware platforms, including PCs under MS Windows and UNIX Workstations under X-Windows, in a client-server architecture. The interface system is customized for specific process applications in a graphical user interface development environment by overlaying the image of the process piping and instrumentation diagram with display objects that are highlighted in color during diagnostic display. Customization of the system is presented for Commonwealth Edison`s Braidwood PWR Chemical and Volume Control System with transients simulated by a full-scale operator-training simulator and diagnosed by a computer-based system.

Reifman, J.; Graham, G.E.; Wei, T.Y.C. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Brown, K.R.; Chin, R.Y. [ComEd Chicago, IL (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

The Flexible Learning Approach to Physics (FLAP)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Flexible Learning Approach to Physics (FLAP) is an extensive high quality supported self-study teaching resource developed on behalf of the whole UK university sector. FLAP addresses the twin problems of an increasing diversity of intake into physics degree courses and their decreasing familiarity with the use of mathematics in a physical context. It has been developed over a three year period funded ($1M) by the UK Higher Education Funding Councils. It offers a new approach to the teaching of physics and its associated mathematics. FLAP includes 83 free-standing modules of physics and mathematics ranging from pre-university level to some point within the first or second year of a physics or engineering degree course. Its range also makes it useful at upper high school level. It presents an integrated approach to physics and mathematics introducing mathematics within a physical context where possible and sharing a common notation with the physics. FLAP includes about 2500 pages of text with video audio and CAL support and has a Tutor Guide with an electronic question bank of about 1700 questions and solutions. A feature of the resource is that the modular text is photocopiable by departments for their own students giving maximum flexibility of use. Physics departments can use this as they choose to support their present courses or to create new courses of their own design. The FLAP self-study teaching style encourages active learning and gives students more ownership of this learning. Field trials show that it can increase student self-motivation and its style is welcomed. It offers gains in the quality and efficiency of teaching and learning and is expected to make a considerable impact wherever teaching quality has to be maintained or improved particularly with reducing staff resources. FLAP is now being made available world-wide.

R. J. Lambourne; M. H. Tinker; S. A. Windsor

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Flexibility assessment in nuclear energy dominated systems with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

generation (2008). The study evaluates the ability of nuclear reactors to follow the load under severalEA 4272 Flexibility assessment in nuclear energy dominated systems with increased wind energy;1 Flexibility assessment in nuclear energy dominated systems with increased wind energy shares Rodica Loisel

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

159

Synthesis and Workspace Study of Endoscopic Extenders with Flexible Stem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synthesis and Workspace Study of Endoscopic Extenders with Flexible Stem Ali Faraz Shahram Payandeh additional DOF, and dexterity at the surgical sight. Optimization tech­ niques are used to synthesis is to synthesis the flexible stem so that it can provide the required range of rotation over the largest workspace

160

Carbon nanotubes used to form fast, flexible circuitry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon nanotubes used to form fast, flexible circuitry By Yun Xie | Published: July 23, 2008 - 12 the semiconductor portion of these flexible integrated circuits. Related Stories Carbon nanotubes as molecular scales Carbon nanotubes send electrons for a spin These conventional materials are serviceable

Rogers, John A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flexible subsidy scheme" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Protein flexibility and intrinsic disorder PREDRAG RADIVOJAC,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Protein flexibility and intrinsic disorder PREDRAG RADIVOJAC,1 ZORAN OBRADOVIC,1 DAVID K. SMITH,2 12, 2003) Abstract Comparisons were made among four categories of protein flexibility: (1) low-B-factor ordered regions, (2) high-B-factor ordered regions, (3) short disordered regions, and (4) long disordered

Radivojac, Predrag

162

Flexible LEDs bring light to fingertips Oct 19, 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flexible LEDs bring light to fingertips Oct 19, 2010 Glowing gloves Light-emitting diodes ­ or LEDs and colleagues have exploited a new printing technique for forming arrays of incredibly small red LEDs on flexible substrates. Like conventional LED manufacture, device fabrication begins by depositing a stack

Rogers, John A.

163

Manager's Desk Reference on Human Capital Management Flexibilities |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manager's Desk Reference on Human Capital Management Flexibilities Manager's Desk Reference on Human Capital Management Flexibilities Manager's Desk Reference on Human Capital Management Flexibilities The purpose of this document is to provide DOE managers and supervisors with information on available flexibilities that can be used in day-to-day human capital management activities, especially those bearing on the recruitment and retention of high-quality staff. Each section of the document includes a basic description of a particular tool as well as Frequently Asked Questions related to how to best use it in a given set of circumstances or in combination with other flexibilities, unless they are available elsewhere, in which the web link is listed under References for that section. At the end of each section are references with web links that

164

Higher-order schemes with CIP method and adaptive Soroban grid towards mesh-free scheme  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Higher-order schemes with CIP method and adaptive Soroban grid towards mesh-free scheme Takashi with the help of the CIP (constrained interpolation profile/cubic interpolated propagation) method. The grid in Japanese. The length of each line and the number of grid points in each line can be different. The CIP

Yabe, Takashi

165

Catalytic Combustor for Fuel-Flexible Turbine  

SciTech Connect

Under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory, Siemens Westinghouse is conducting a three-year program to develop an ultra low NOx, fuel flexible catalytic combustor for gas turbine application in IGCC. The program is defined in three phases: Phase 1-Implementation Plan, Phase 2-Validation Testing and Phase 3-Field Testing. The Phase 1 program has been completed. Phase II was initiated in October 2004. In IGCC power plants, the gas turbine must be capable of operating on syngas as a primary fuel and an available back-up fuel such as natural gas. In this program the Rich Catalytic Lean (RCL{trademark}) technology is being developed as an ultra low NOx combustor. In this concept, ultra low NOx is achieved by stabilizing a lean premix combustion process by using a catalytic reactor to react part of the fuel, increasing the fuel/air mixture temperature. In Phase 1, the feasibility of the catalytic concept for syngas application has been evaluated and the key technology issues identified. In Phase II the catalytic concept will be demonstrated through subscale testing. Phase III will consist of full-scale combustor basket testing on natural gas and syngas.

W. R. Laster; E. Anoshkina; P. Szedlacsek

2006-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

166

Catalytic Combustor for Fuel-Flexible Turbine  

SciTech Connect

Under the sponsorship of the U. S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory, Siemens Westinghouse has conducted a three-year program to develop an ultra low NOx, fuel flexible catalytic combustor for gas turbine application in IGCC. The program is defined in three phases: Phase 1 - Implementation Plan, Phase 2 - Validation Testing and Phase 3 - Field Testing. Both Phase 1 and Phase 2 of the program have been completed. In IGCC power plants, the gas turbine must be capable of operating on syngas as a primary fuel and an available back-up fuel such as natural gas. In this program the Rich Catalytic Lean (RCLTM) technology is being developed as an ultra low NOx combustor. In this concept, ultra low NOx is achieved by stabilizing a lean premix combustion process by using a catalytic reactor to oxidize a portion of the fuel, increasing the temperature of fuel/air mixture prior to the main combustion zone. In Phase 1, the feasibility of the catalytic concept for syngas application has been evaluated and the key technology issues identified. In Phase II the technology necessary for the application of the catalytic concept to IGCC fuels was developed through detailed design and subscale testing. Phase III (currently not funded) will consist of full-scale combustor basket testing on natural gas and syngas.

W. R. Laster; E. Anoshkina

2008-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

167

Catalytic Combustor for Fuel-Flexible Turbine  

SciTech Connect

Under the sponsorship of the U. S. Department of Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory, Siemens Westinghouse has conducted a three-year program to develop an ultra low NOx, fuel flexible catalytic combustor for gas turbine application in IGCC. The program is defined in three phases: Phase 1- Implementation Plan, Phase 2- Validation Testing and Phase 3 – Field Testing. Both Phase 1 and Phase 2 of the program have been completed. In IGCC power plants, the gas turbine must be capable of operating on syngas as a primary fuel and an available back-up fuel such as natural gas. In this program the Rich Catalytic Lean (RCLTM) technology is being developed as an ultra low NOx combustor. In this concept, ultra low NOx is achieved by stabilizing a lean premix combustion process by using a catalytic reactor to oxidize a portion of the fuel, increasing the temperature of fuel/air mixture prior to the main combustion zone. In Phase 1, the feasibility of the catalytic concept for syngas application has been evaluated and the key technology issues identified. In Phase II the technology necessary for the application of the catalytic concept to IGCC fuels was developed through detailed design and subscale testing. Phase III (currently not funded) will consist of full-scale combustor basket testing on natural gas and syngas.

Laster, W. R.; Anoshkina, E.

2008-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

168

Discoloration resistant, flexible, radiation curable coating compositions  

SciTech Connect

A low dosage radiation polymerizable protective and decorative coating composition or paint, coated articles bearing such a protective coating and processess for preparing such articles. The radiation polymerizable coating composition comprises an organic resin/monomer mixture of: (A) between about 97 and about 3 weight percent alphabeta olefinically unsaturated organic resin containing between about 0.5 and about 5 vinyl unsaturation units per 1000 molecular weight of said resin, and (B) between about 3 and about 97 weight percent vinyl monomers polymerizable with said resin upon exposure to radiation, characterized in that said vinyl monomers include N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone in an amount of from about 3 and up to about 10 weight percent based on the total weight of (A) and (B). The flexible coating exhibits excellent physical qualtities and good adhesion to a variety of substrates being particularly suitable for use on vinyl chloride fabric, wherein it is discoloration resistant after heat aging. Preferred articles bearing such a coating, which may comprise large amounts of pigment, are preferably cured by exposure to electron beam radiation.

Cassatta, J.C.; Garrett, D.L. Jr.; Van Oene, H.

1984-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

169

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: SIP Scheming  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SIP Scheming SIP Scheming Energy analysis and cost estimating software specifically designed for stressed skin insulating core (SSIC) panel producers; calculates results within a matter of minutes. SIP (Structural Insulated Panel) Scheming also analyzes conventional framing and frame panels, and can be used for residential or commercial building types. Keywords stressed skin insulating core panels Validation/Testing N/A Expertise Required Relatively little technical knowledge required; knowledge of ArchiCad, Excel and DOE-2 necessary to use export features. Users Beta test version available. Audience Manufacturers of stressed skin insulating core panels. Input Drawings input either by scanning or imported from a CAD program, or drawn directly using a basic set of drawing tools; construction of elements such

170

LINEAR LATTICE BOLTZMANN SCHEMES FOR PARAMETERS CHOICES AND ISOTROPY PROPERTIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LINEAR LATTICE BOLTZMANN SCHEMES FOR ACOUSTIC: PARAMETERS CHOICES AND ISOTROPY PROPERTIES ADELINE parameters choi- ces for linear lattice Boltzmann schemes according to the definition of the isotropic order2Q9 scheme. Introduction Lattice Boltzmann schemes [7, 11, 8] are numerically very interesting be

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

171

Cost evaluations of the protected network layer packet redundancy scheme  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Feature Issue on High Availability in Optical Networks The protected network layer packet redundancy scheme...

Øverby, H

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Security problem on arbitrated quantum signature schemes  

SciTech Connect

Many arbitrated quantum signature schemes implemented with the help of a trusted third party have been developed up to now. In order to guarantee unconditional security, most of them take advantage of the optimal quantum one-time encryption based on Pauli operators. However, in this paper we point out that the previous schemes provide security only against a total break attack and show in fact that there exists an existential forgery attack that can validly modify the transmitted pair of message and signature. In addition, we also provide a simple method to recover security against the proposed attack.

Choi, Jeong Woon [Emerging Technology R and D Center, SK Telecom, Kyunggi 463-784 (Korea, Republic of); Chang, Ku-Young; Hong, Dowon [Cryptography Research Team, Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute, Daejeon 305-700 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

173

Adaptive Resource Management Schemes for Web Services  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ADAPTIVE RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SCHEMES FOR WEB SERVICES A Dissertation by HEUNG KI LEE Submitted to the O?ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulflllment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2009... Major Subject: Computer Science ADAPTIVE RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SCHEMES FOR WEB SERVICES A Dissertation by HEUNG KI LEE Submitted to the O?ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulflllment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR...

Lee, Heung Ki

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

174

The effect of footwear and surface conditions on spinal contour and flexibility with constrained standing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Spinal contour and flexibility was measured before and after each trial, as well as subjective ratings. Although there was no statistical significance for the floor surface or foot condition with regard to flexibility, the greatest loss of flexibility...

Stephenson, Donya Ann

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

175

Flexible graphene-based lithium ion batteries with ultrafast charge and discharge rates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Flexible graphene-based lithium ion batteries with ultrafast charge and...and flexible lithium ion battery made from graphene foam, a three-dimensional...and flexible lithium ion battery made from graphene foam, a three-dimensional...

Na Li; Zongping Chen; Wencai Ren; Feng Li; Hui-Ming Cheng

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Smart Domestic Appliances Provide Flexibility for Sustainable Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Smart Domestic Appliances Provide Flexibility for Sustainable Energy Smart Domestic Appliances Provide Flexibility for Sustainable Energy Systems (Webinar) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Smart Domestic Appliances Provide Flexibility for Sustainable Energy Systems (Webinar) Focus Area: Crosscutting Topics: Training Material Website: www.leonardo-energy.org/webinar-smart-domestic-appliances-provide-flex Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/smart-domestic-appliances-provide-fle Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Demonstration & Implementation Regulations: Net Metering & Interconnection In this video, the viewer learns about the benefits and difficulties

177

Abstract--A mesochronous pipeline scheme is described in this paper. In a conventional pipeline scheme each pipeline stage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract-- A mesochronous pipeline scheme is described in this paper. In a conventional pipeline scheme each pipeline stage operates on only one data set at a time. In the mesochronous scheme, pipeline stages operate on multiple data sets simultaneously. The clock period in conventional pipeline scheme

Delgado-Frias, José G.

178

Tracking Provenance in ORNL's Flexible Research Platforms  

SciTech Connect

Provenance is dened as information about the origin of objects, a concept that applies to both physical and digital objects and often overlaps both. The use of provenance in systems designed for research is an important but forgotten feature. Provenance allows for proper and exact tracking of information, its use, its lineage, its derivations and other metadata that are important for correctly adhering to the scien- tic method. In our project's prescribed use of provenance, researchers can determine detailed information about the use of sensor data in their experiments on ORNL's Flexible Research Platforms (FRPs). Our project's provenance system, Provenance Data Management System (ProvDMS), tracks information starting with the creation of information by an FRP sensor. The system determines station information, sensor information, and sensor channel information. The system allows researchers to derive generations of experiments from the sensor data and tracks their hierarchical flow. Key points can be seen in the history of the information as part of the information's workflow. The concept of provenance and its usage in science is relatively new and while used in other cases around the world, our project's provenance diers in a key area. To keep track of provenance, most systems must be designed or redesigned around the new provenance system. Our system is designed as a cohesive but sepa- rate entity and allows for researchers to continue using their own methods of analysis without being constrained in their ways in order to track the provenance. We have designed ProvDMS using a lightweight provenance library, Core Provenance Library (CPL) v.6 In addition to keeping track of sensor data experiments and its provenance, ProvDMS also provides a web-enabled visualization of the inheritance.

Hensley, Zachary P [ORNL; Sanyal, Jibonananda [ORNL; New, Joshua Ryan [ORNL

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

BRAZIL VISITING FELLOWSHIP SCHEME Application Form  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BRAZIL VISITING FELLOWSHIP SCHEME Application Form APPLICATIONS SHOULD BE TYPEWRITTEN AND BOXES of attendance Qualifications awarded and class of Honours, etc. Principal Subject(s) taken #12;BRAZIL VISITING): Date(s) From To To Nature of work and Position held Name and address of employer #12;BRAZIL VISITING

Birmingham, University of

180

A classification scheme for LWR fuel assemblies  

SciTech Connect

With over 100 light water nuclear reactors operating nationwide, representing designs by four primary vendors, and with reload fuel manufactured by these vendors and additional suppliers, a wide variety of fuel assembly types are in existence. At Oak Ridge National Laboratory, both the Systems Integration Program and the Characteristics Data Base project required a classification scheme for these fuels. This scheme can be applied to other areas and is expected to be of value to many Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management programs. To develop the classification scheme, extensive information on the fuel assemblies that have been and are being manufactured by the various nuclear fuel vendors was compiled, reviewed, and evaluated. It was determined that it is possible to characterize assemblies in a systematic manner, using a combination of physical factors. A two-stage scheme was developed consisting of 79 assembly types, which are grouped into 22 assembly classes. The assembly classes are determined by the general design of the reactor cores in which the assemblies are, or were, used. The general BWR and PWR classes are divided differently but both are based on reactor core configuration. 2 refs., 15 tabs.

Moore, R.S.; Williamson, D.A.; Notz, K.J.

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flexible subsidy scheme" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

LATTICE BOLTZMANN SCHEMES WITH RELATIVE VELOCITIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LATTICE BOLTZMANN SCHEMES WITH RELATIVE VELOCITIES FRANÃ?OIS DUBOIS, TONY FEVRIER, AND BENJAMIN GRAILLE Abstract. In this contribution, a new class of lattice Boltzmann schem- es is introduced is then performed to derive the equivalent equations up to third order accuracy. Introduction The lattice Boltzmann

Boyer, Edmond

182

European Research Council ERC Grant Schemes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 European Research Council ERC Grant Schemes Guide for Applicants December 2008 The Guide ERC Advanced Grant Following the experience with previous calls, some adjustments and improvements are introduced and applicable with the 2009 call for ERC Advanced Grant proposals onwards (see part 3

De Cindio, Fiorella

183

European Research Council ERC Grant Schemes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 European Research Council ERC Grant Schemes Guide for Applicants for the Advanced Grant 2010 Call are introduced and applicable for the 2010 call for ERC Advanced Grant proposals. As these adjustments have Grant. In addition, it provides a general overview on the ERC peer review evaluation process

De Cindio, Fiorella

184

A Tunable Hemispherical Platform for Non-Stretching Curved Flexible Electronics and Optoelectronics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flexible Electronics and Optoelectronics Jinda Zhuang and Y.flexible electronics or optoelectronics on curved surfacesflexible electronics and optoelectronics for a wide variety

Ju, Y. Sungtaek

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Optimally Controlled Flexible Fuel Powertrain System  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of this project was to develop a true Flex Fuel Vehicle capable of running on any blend of ethanol from 0 to 85% with reduced penalty in usable vehicle range. A research and development program, targeting 10% improvement in fuel economy using a direct injection (DI) turbocharged spark ignition engine was conducted. In this project a gasoline-optimized high-technology engine was considered and the hardware and configuration modifications were defined for the engine, fueling system, and air path. Combined with a novel engine control strategy, control software, and calibration this resulted in a highly efficient and clean FFV concept. It was also intended to develop robust detection schemes of the ethanol content in the fuel integrated with adaptive control algorithms for optimized turbocharged direct injection engine combustion. The approach relies heavily on software-based adaptation and optimization striving for minimal modifications to the gasoline-optimized engine hardware system. Our ultimate objective was to develop a compact control methodology that takes advantage of any ethanol-based fuel mixture and not compromise the engine performance under gasoline operation.

Hakan Yilmaz; Mark Christie; Anna Stefanopoulou

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

186

ME EET Seminar: Nanomanufacturing of Flexible Electronics and Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ME EET Seminar: Nanomanufacturing of Flexible Electronics and Energy ME EET Seminar: Nanomanufacturing of Flexible Electronics and Energy Systems Speaker(s): Costas Grigoropoulos Date: October 28, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 This talk presents an overview of recent work conducted on the nanomanufacturing of flexible electronics and energy systems. Pulsed lasers have been coupled to near-field-scanning optical microscopes (NSOMs) for nanoprocessing, nanomachining, nanolithography and nanodeposition. Interactions of pulsed laser radiation with nanostructures are investigated and shown to substantially improve contact resistance and device performance compared to furnace annealing. New concepts have been demonstrated for the high throughput, directed growth and assembly of nanostructures. Maskless fabrication of functional devices on flexible

187

Detonation velocity deficit and curvature radius of flexible detonation fuses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The detonation velocity deficit in bending flexible detonating fuses is studied, based on the detonation wave’s corner effects and delay time ... model and a theoretical mathematical equation of the detonation ve...

Y. -Q. Wen; Ya. -K. Ye; N. Yan

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Mechanics and design of flexible composite fish armor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inspired by the overlapping scales found on teleost fish, a new composite architecture explores the mechanics of materials to accommodate both flexibility and protection. These biological structures consist of overlapping ...

Browning, Ashley (Ashley Renée)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT / REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW / FINAL REGULATORY FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT / REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW / FINAL REGULATORY FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS for Modifying existing Chinook and chum salmon savings areas AMENDMENT 84 to the Fishery Management Plan by the current regulatory closure regulations, as much higher salmon bycatch rates are reportedly encountered

190

Online traveling salesman problem with deadlines and service flexibility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Considering the customer psychology while waiting to be served, we introduce a more reasonable form of deadlines into online traveling salesman problem (OL-TSP) with service flexibility. The salesman can choos...

Xingang Wen; Yinfeng Xu; Huili Zhang

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Dynamics and optimal control of flexible solar updraft towers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...control of flexible solar updraft towers...University of New Mexico, , Albuquerque...USA The use of solar chimneys for energy production was...a) Potential energy as a function of...University of New Mexico solar chimney prototype...

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Fully portable, highly flexible dilution refrigerator systems for neutron scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

775 Fully portable, highly flexible dilution refrigerator systems for neutron scattering P. A systems developed specifically for neutron scattering environ- ments. The refrigerators are completely relatively recently however, the lowest temperatures available in almost all neutron scattering laboratories

Boyer, Edmond

193

Flexibility in transportation procurement : a real options approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shippers who use for-hire carriers need a careful estimation of their need for trucking capacity in order to be able to haul products in a timely and cost-effective manner. This thesis outlines a flexible approach to ...

Zhelev, Georgi Zhelev, 1975-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Flexible aerogel composite for mechanical stability and process of fabrication  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A flexible aerogel and process of fabrication. An aerogel solution is mixed with fibers in a mold and allowed to gel. The gel is then processed by supercritical extraction, or by air drying, to produce a flexible aerogel formed to the shape of the mold. The flexible aerogel has excellent thermal and acoustic properties, and can be utilized in numerous applications, such as for energy absorption, insulation (temperature and acoustic), to meet the contours of aircraft shapes, and where space is limited since an inch of aerogel is a 4-5 times better insulator than an inch of fiberglass. The flexible aerogel may be of an inorganic (silica) type or an organic (carbon) type, but containing fibers, such as glass or carbon fibers.

Coronado, Paul R. (Livermore, CA); Poco, John F. (Livermore, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Flexible aerogel composite for mechanical stability and process of fabrication  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A flexible aerogel and process of fabrication. An aerogel solution is mixed with fibers in a mold and allowed to gel. The gel is then processed by supercritical extraction, or by air drying, to produce a flexible aerogel formed to the shape of the mold. The flexible aerogel has excellent thermal and acoustic properties, and can be utilized in numerous applications, such as for energy absorption, insulation (temperature and acoustic), to meet the contours of aircraft shapes, and where space is limited since an inch of aerogel is a 4-5 times better insulator than an inch of fiberglass. The flexible aerogel may be of an inorganic (silica) type or an organic (carbon) type, but containing fibers, such as glass or carbon fibers.

Coronado, Paul R. (Livermore, CA); Poco, John F. (Livermore, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Flexible Elastoresistive Tactile Sensor for Minimally Invasive Surgery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In minimally invasive surgery, tactile feedback is lacking. An elastoresistive tactile sensor is designed to feel inside the body of the patient. The sensor is thin, flexible, robust, cheap, and has a simple s...

Pauwel Goethals; Mauro M. Sette…

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Robotic Communication Systems for Flexible, Sustainable, Affordable, and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by a Wireless Surface Local Area Network (WSLAN) consisting of small solar-powered communication towers, and flexible exploration of the solar system. However, current space communication systems are monolithic

Liberatore, Vincenzo

198

Using Flexible Pipe (poly-pipe) with Surface Irrigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aimed at farmers and irrigators who want to irrigate their crops using flexible plastic pipes (commonly called "poly-pipe), this publication highlights (1) advantages of using poly-pipe, (2) factors to consider in selecting such pipe, and (3...

Peries, Xavier; Enciso, Juan

2005-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

199

Flexible aerogel composite for mechanical stability and process of fabrication  

SciTech Connect

A flexible aerogel and process of fabrication are disclosed. An aerogel solution is mixed with fibers in a mold and allowed to gel. The gel is then processed by supercritical extraction, or by air drying, to produce a flexible aerogel formed to the shape of the mold. The flexible aerogel has excellent thermal and acoustic properties, and can be utilized in numerous applications, such as for energy absorption, insulation (temperature and acoustic), to meet the contours of aircraft shapes, and where space is limited since an inch of aerogel is a 4--5 times better insulator than an inch of fiberglass. The flexible aerogel may be of an inorganic (silica) type or an organic (carbon) type, but containing fibers, such as glass or carbon fibers.

Coronado, P.R.; Poco, J.F.

1999-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

200

Flexible aerogel composite for mechanical stability and process of fabrication  

SciTech Connect

A flexible aerogel and process of fabrication are disclosed. An aerogel solution is mixed with fibers in a mold and allowed to gel. The gel is then processed by supercritical extraction, or by air drying, to produce a flexible aerogel formed to the shape of the mold. The flexible aerogel has excellent thermal and acoustic properties, and can be utilized in numerous applications, such as for energy absorption, insulation (temperature and acoustic), to meet the contours of aircraft shapes, and where space is limited since an inch of aerogel is a 4--5 times better insulator than an inch of fiberglass. The flexible aerogel may be of an inorganic (silica) type or an organic (carbon) type, but containing fibers, such as glass or carbon fibers.

Coronado, P.R.; Poco, J.F.

2000-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flexible subsidy scheme" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Stability analysis of buried flexible pipes: a biaxial buckling equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STABILITY ANALYSIS OF BURIED FLEXIBLE PIPES: A BIAXIAL BUCKLING EQUATION A Thesis by MELISSA TUYET-MAI CHAU Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AkM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1990 Major Subject: Civil Engineering STABLILITY ANALYSIS OF BURIED FLEXIBLE PIPES: A BIAXIAL BUCKLING EQUATION A Thesis by MELISSA TUYET-MAI CHAU Approved as to style and content by: r. obert L. Lytt n (Chair of Committee...

Chau, Melissa Tuyet-Mai

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

202

CLASSIFICATION OF FIRST-ORDER FLEXIBLE REGULAR BICYCLE POLYGONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CLASSIFICATION OF FIRST-ORDER FLEXIBLE REGULAR BICYCLE POLYGONS ROBERT CONNELLY AND BAL´AZS CSIK´OS Abstract. A bicycle (n, k)-gon is an equilateral n-gon whose k-diagonals are equal. S. Tabachnikov proved that a regular n-gon is first-order flexible as a bicycle (n, k)-gon if and only if there is an integer 2 r n

Connelly, Robert

203

The Public Subsidies of Coal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

I have spent most of my life in western Pennsylvania, in the Appalachian coal belt of the U.S. I have direct experience with the economic, environmental, and social impacts of coal extraction and use. ... Although coal was important in building the economy of western Pennsylvania as well as the economies of other coal regions, its extraction and use left a legacy of damage: thousands of miles of streams severely impacted by acid drainage from abandoned mines; large piles of coal mine refuse; old strip mines that have not been refilled; damaged groundwater resources; and land subsidence from underground mining. ...

David A. Dzombak

2009-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

204

EPA releases list of potential endocrine disrupters | Consensus reached on prenatal exposures | Rewarding fertilizer pollution with crop subsidies | Order matters in pesticide exposures | News Briefs: Nano needs oversight ` Congress and carbon sequestration ` Low-cost greenhouse-gas controls ` Sowing carbon credits ` Cities for sustainability | Unleashing a dioxin legacy | Florida gators battle pesticides | Lead levels high in Canadian tap water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

EPA releases list of potential endocrine disrupters | Consensus reached on prenatal exposures | Rewarding fertilizer pollution with crop subsidies | Order matters in pesticide exposures | News Briefs: Nano needs oversight ` Congress and carbon sequestration ` Low-cost greenhouse-gas controls ` Sowing carbon credits ` Cities for sustainability | Unleashing a dioxin legacy | Florida gators battle pesticides | Lead levels high in Canadian tap water ...

NAOMI LUBICK; ROBERT WEINHOLD; KRIS CHRISTEN; RHITU CHATTERJEE; REBECCA RENNER

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

NOTES ON MACDONALD POLYNOMIALS AND THE GEOMETRY OF HILBERT SCHEMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NOTES ON MACDONALD POLYNOMIALS AND THE GEOMETRY OF HILBERT SCHEMES MARK HAIMAN (mhaiman words: Symmetric functions, Macdonald polynomials, Hilbert schemes 2000 Mathematics Subject combinatorial problems we solve are (1) we prove the positivity conjecture for Macdonald polynomials, and (2) we

Haiman, Mark D.

206

Pseudofunctorial behavior of Cousin complexes on formal schemes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contemporary Mathematics. Pseudofunctorial behavior of Cousin complexes on formal schemes. Joseph Lipman, Suresh Nayak, and Pramathanath Sastry.

2007-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

207

Assessing the performance of the UK Emissions Trading Scheme  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The UK’s Climate Change Programme introduced an Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) for greenhouse gases. Firms...

Stephen Smith; Joseph Swierzbinski

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Stable lattice Boltzmann schemes with a dual entropy approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stable lattice Boltzmann schemes with a dual entropy approach for monodimensional nonlinear waves of a lattice Boltzmann scheme. This method is expressed in terms of the dual of the mathematical entropy with D1Q3 lattice Boltzmann schemes for the Burgers equation. It conducts to the explicitation of three

Boyer, Edmond

209

REDUCED RANK DETECTION SCHEMES FOR DS-CDMA COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REDUCED RANK DETECTION SCHEMES FOR DS-CDMA COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS Wanshi Chen Ericsson Wireless 90089­2565 e-mail: ubli@usc.edu Abstract -- Several reduced-rank detection schemes for direct- sequence to the multistage linear receiver scheme based on the Cayley Hamilton theorem. The analysis of the reduced rank

Southern California, University of

210

Explicit and implicit finite difference schemes for fractional Cattaneo equation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, the numerical solution of fractional (non-integer)-order Cattaneo equation for describing anomalous diffusion has been investigated. Two finite difference schemes namely an explicit predictor-corrector and totally implicit schemes have ... Keywords: Convergence rate, Finite difference schemes, Fractional Cattaneo equation, Stability

H. R. Ghazizadeh; M. Maerefat; A. Azimi

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Instability in Leapfrog and Forward–Backward Schemes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper shows that in the linearized shallow-water equations, the numerical schemes can become weakly unstable for the 2?x wave in the C grid when the Courant number is 1 in the forward–backward scheme and 0.5 in the leapfrog scheme because of ...

Wen-Yih Sun

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Configuration Distribution and Designs of Codes in the Johnson Scheme  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Configuration Distribution and Designs of Codes in the Johnson Scheme Tuvi Etzion Technion between perfect codes in the Johnson scheme and designs, and provide new tools for proving Delsarte conjecture that there are no nontrivial perfect codes in the Johnson scheme. Three topics will be considered

Etzion, Tuvi

213

EA-1894: Albeni Falls Flexible Winter Lake Operations, Bonner, Idaho |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EA-1894: Albeni Falls Flexible Winter Lake Operations, Bonner, EA-1894: Albeni Falls Flexible Winter Lake Operations, Bonner, Idaho EA-1894: Albeni Falls Flexible Winter Lake Operations, Bonner, Idaho Summary DOE's Bonneville Power Administration and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, as co-lead Federal agencies, prepared this EA to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of a proposal to operate Albeni Falls dam during the winter months (approximately December 15th to March 31st) and determine whether the existing Columbia River System Operation Review EIS (DOE/EIS-0170) is adequate or a supplemental or new EIS is required. For more information about this project, see: http://efw.bpa.gov/environmental_services/Document_Library/AFD-FWPO/ http://efw.bpa.gov/environmental_services/Document_Library/System_Operation/ (Link

214

Electricity for road transport, flexible power systems and wind power  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

road transport, flexible power systems and wind power road transport, flexible power systems and wind power (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Electricity for road transport, flexible power systems and wind power Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392°, 9.501785° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":56.26392,"lon":9.501785,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

215

Flexible Fuel vehicle cost calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Flexible Fuel vehicle cost calculator Flexible Fuel vehicle cost calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Flexible Fuel Vehicle Cost Calculator Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Energy Phase: "Evaluate Options and Determine Feasibility" is not in the list of possible values (Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Develop Finance and Implement Projects, Create Early Successes, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed) for this property. User Interface: Website Website: www.afdc.energy.gov/afdc/progs/cost_anal.php?0/E85 Calculate the cost to drive a flex-fueled vehicle (one that can run on either E85 Ethanol or gasoline) on each fuel type.

216

Unit Commitment Considering Generation Flexibility and Environmental Constraints  

SciTech Connect

This paper proposes a new framework for power system unit commitment process, which incorporates the generation flexibility requirements and environmental constraints into the existing unit commitment algorithm. The generation flexibility requirements are to address the uncertainties with large amount of intermittent resources as well as with load and traditional generators, which causes real-time balancing requirements to be variable and less predictable. The proposed flexibility requirements include capacity, ramp and ramp duration for both upward and downward balancing reserves. The environmental constraints include emission allowance for fossil fuel-based generators and ecological regulations for hydro power plants. Calculation of emission rates is formulated. Unit commitment under this new framework will be critical to the economic and reliable operation of the power grid and the minimization of its negative environmental impacts, especially when high penetration levels of intermittent resources are being approached, as required by the renewable portfolio standards in many states.

Lu, Shuai; Makarov, Yuri V.; Zhu, Yunhua; Lu, Ning; Prakash Kumar, Nirupama; Chakrabarti, Bhujanga B.

2010-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

217

FlexibleSUSY -- A spectrum generator generator for supersymmetric models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce FlexibleSUSY, a Mathematica and C++ package, which generates a fast, precise C++ spectrum generator for any SUSY model specified by the user. The generated code is designed with both speed and modularity in mind, making it easy to adapt and extend with new features. The model is specified by supplying the superpotential, gauge structure and particle content in a SARAH model file; specific boundary conditions e.g. at the GUT, weak or intermediate scales are defined in a separate FlexibleSUSY model file. From these model files, FlexibleSUSY generates C++ code for self-energies, tadpole corrections, renormalization group equations (RGEs) and electroweak symmetry breaking (EWSB) conditions and combines them with numerical routines for solving the RGEs and EWSB conditions simultaneously. The resulting spectrum generator is then able to solve for the spectrum of the model, including loop-corrected pole masses, consistent with user specified boundary conditions. The modular structure of the generated co...

Athron, Peter; Stöckinger, Dominik; Voigt, Alexander

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

A numerical scheme for ionizing shock waves  

SciTech Connect

A two-dimensional (2D) visual computer code to solve the steady state (SS) or transient shock problems including partially ionizing plasma is presented. Since the flows considered are hypersonic and the resulting temperatures are high, the plasma is partially ionized. Hence the plasma constituents are electrons, ions and neutral atoms. It is assumed that all the above species are in thermal equilibrium, namely, that they all have the same temperature. The ionization degree is calculated from Saha equation as a function of electron density and pressure by means of a nonlinear Newton type root finding algorithms. The code utilizes a wave model and numerical fluctuation distribution (FD) scheme that runs on structured or unstructured triangular meshes. This scheme is based on evaluating the mesh averaged fluctuations arising from a number of waves and distributing them to the nodes of these meshes in an upwind manner. The physical properties (directions, strengths, etc.) of these wave patterns are obtained by a new wave model: ION-A developed from the eigen-system of the flux Jacobian matrices. Since the equation of state (EOS) which is used to close up the conservation laws includes electronic effects, it is a nonlinear function and it must be inverted by iterations to determine the ionization degree as a function of density and temperature. For the time advancement, the scheme utilizes a multi-stage Runge-Kutta (RK) algorithm with time steps carefully evaluated from the maximum possible propagation speed in the solution domain. The code runs interactively with the user and allows to create different meshes to use different initial and boundary conditions and to see changes of desired physical quantities in the form of color and vector graphics. The details of the visual properties of the code has been published before (see [N. Aslan, A visual fluctuation splitting scheme for magneto-hydrodynamics with a new sonic fix and Euler limit, J. Comput. Phys. 197 (2004) 1-27]). The two-dimensional nature of ION-A was presented by a planar shock wave propagating over a circular obstacle. It was demonstrated that including the effects of ionization in calculating complex flows is important, even when they appear initially negligible. This code can be used to accurately simulate the nonlinear time dependent evolution of neutral or ionized plasma flows from supersonic to hypersonic regimes.

Aslan, Necdet [Yeditepe University, Physics Department, Kayisda g-circumflex i, 34755 Istanbul (Turkey)]. E-mail: naslan@yeditepe.edu.tr; Mond, Michael [Ben Gurion University, Mechanical Engineering Department, Beer Sheva (Israel)

2005-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

219

Nest Record Card Scheme 1 Welcome to the Nest Record Card Scheme, NERCS for short. The project aims to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nest Record Card Scheme 1 Welcome to the Nest Record Card Scheme, NERCS for short. The project aims to monitor the breeding success of birds and increase our knowledge of their nesting habits. The Avian will be computerized to provide a backward perspective to the data from the new scheme. Why do we need nest records

de Villiers, Marienne

220

Context DDFV Scheme Numerical analysis ECG Simulation 2D/3D DDFV scheme for anisotropic-heterogeneous  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Context DDFV Scheme Numerical analysis ECG Simulation 2D/3D DDFV scheme for anisotropic Numerical analysis ECG Simulation Authors : Laboratoire de math´ematiques Jean Leray, Universit´e de Nantes Pays de l'Adour : · Charles Pierre #12;Context DDFV Scheme Numerical analysis ECG Simulation Outline

Pierre, Charles

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flexible subsidy scheme" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

A mutual authentication and key establishment scheme for heterogeneous sensor networks supporting nodes mobility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the last two decades, wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have greatly attracted the attention of the research community because their flexibility, adaptability and self-organising properties make them a technology solution suitable for diverse application scenarios ranging from home and industrial automation to military surveillance. Since these networks consist of resource constrained devices and can be deployed in remote and unattended areas, supporting security could represent a challenging task especially if mobility scenarios are taken into consideration. In this context, key management facilitates the adoption of cryptography techniques to support secure data communication and to protect the resource constrained devices from various security attacks. This paper specifically focuses on mobile heterogeneous wireless sensor networks consisting of mobile sensor nodes with few fixed sensor nodes and presents a mutual authentication and key management scheme suitable for the considered scenario. Analytical and OMNET++ simulation results show that the proposed scheme provides better network connectivity, consumes less memory, has better network resilience against attacks and introduces lower communication overhead compared to state-of-the-art solutions.

Sarmad Ullah Khan; Claudio Pastrone; Luciano Lavagno; Maurizio A. Spirito

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

A Review of Green Logistics Schemes Used in Cities Around the World  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Table 2: Examples of green logistics schemes Geroliminisand Daganzo: "Green Logistics" Schemes around the world E XGerolìmìnìs and Daganzo: "Green Logìstìcs" Schemes around

Geroliminis, Nikolaos; Daganzo, Carlos F.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Wireless flexible capacitive sensor based on ultra-flexible epoxy resin for strain measurement of automobile tires  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The measurement of strain of tires in-service is effective in improving the reliability of tires and ABS systems. Since conventional strain gages have high stiffness and require lead wires, conventional strain gages are cumbersome for the strain measurement of tires. The present study proposes a novel flexible patch-type strain sensor utilizing electric capacitance change. The sensor is made from flexible polyimide substrates and ultra-flexible epoxy resin, which makes the sensor low in stiffness and high in elongation as a whole structure. The sensor utilizes capacitance changes due to the applied strain, and wireless measurements are conducted using amplitude modulation. The sensor is applied to an automobile tire, and compression tests are performed. The effects of the temperature changes are also measured. The proposed sensor is found to successfully measure the applied strain of the tire wirelessly, and the effects of the temperature changes are minimized using a dummy sensor in a self-temperature compensation circuit.

Ryosuke Matsuzaki; Akira Todoroki

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

NOTTINGHAM TRENT UNIVERSITY -INVESTING IN EXCELLENCE VICE-CHANCELLOR'S PHD SCHOLARSHIP SCHEME & SCHOOL PHD SCHOLARSHIP SCHEME  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NOTTINGHAM TRENT UNIVERSITY - INVESTING IN EXCELLENCE VICE-CHANCELLOR'S PHD SCHOLARSHIP SCHEME Nottingham Law School Supervisor Name Director of Studies: Prof David Ong Co-Supervisors: Mr Gary Wilson Project title Legal Aspects of the Integration of Social and Environmental Protection Considerations

Evans, Paul

225

Los vehículos de combustible flexibles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Los vehículos de combustible flexibles Los vehículos de combustible flexibles Camiones de Combustible flexible Los vehículos de combustible flexibles (FFVs) son diseñados para funcionar con gasolina o una mezcla de etanol de hasta el 85 % (E85). Excepto por unas cuantas modificaciones del motor y del sistema de combustible, son idénticos a los modelos que funcionan solo con gasolina. Los VCFs no experimentan pérdida alguna en su desempeño al operar con E85. Sin embargo, como el etanol contiene menos energía por volumen que la gasolina, los VCFs obtienen entre un 25%-30% menos millas por galón cuando usan E85. 1 Los VCFs han sido producidos desde los 80s y docenas de modelos siguen disponibles. Sin embargo como los VCFs lucen igual que los modelos de gasolina, podría usted estar manejando uno sin saberlo.

226

A flexible information management system for supporting manufacturing activities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The lack of seamless information interchange hinders the accomplishment of manufacturing activities, which are related to the efficient bi-directional flow of information, coordination of decisions and enhancement of assimilation of practices within ... Keywords: data exchange, flexibility, information flow, information management, information sharing, information systems, manufacturing activities, object technology

G. T. S. Ho; H. C. W. Lau; C. K. M. Lee; A. W. H. Ip

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Robust Execution of Temporally Flexible Plans for Bipedal Walking Devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

walking machine. An example task for such a system is to walk to a soccer ball and kick it, as shown 02139 hofma@csail.mit.edu, williams@mit.edu Abstract Robotic wheeled rovers have been successfully controlled by activity execution systems that use plans with temporal flexibility to adapt to disturbances

Williams, Brian C.

228

GLASSY STATES OF ADSORBED FLEXIBLE POLYMERS AND SPREAD POLYMER "MONOLAYERS"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1269 GLASSY STATES OF ADSORBED FLEXIBLE POLYMERS AND SPREAD POLYMER "MONOLAYERS" K. KREMER* Exxon mechanism for the dynamics of irreversibly adsorbed polymers. We argue that glass-like states can exist near of polymer adsorbed ' ' and the thickness of the adsorbed layer 2-7. While the results of the different

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

229

Synthesis and Workspace Study of Endoscopic Extenders with Flexible Stem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synthesis and Workspace Study of Endoscopic Extenders with Flexible Stem Ali Faraz Shahram Payandeh additional DOF, and dexterity at the surgical sight. Optimization tech- niques are used to synthesis. However, the challenge is to synthesis the exible stem so that it can provide the required range

230

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT/REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW/ FINAL REGULATORY FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT/REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW/ FINAL REGULATORY FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 3.0 REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW: ECONOMIC AND SOCIOECONOMIC IMPACTS OF THE ALTERNATIVES FOR AMENDMENT 47 TO THE FISHERY MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR THE GROUNDFISH FISHERY OF THE BERING SEA AND ALEUTIAN

231

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT/REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW/ INITIAL REGULATORY FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT/REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW/ INITIAL REGULATORY FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS to the Fisheries Management Plan (FMP) for the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands (BSAI) area, approved on March 4. The structure of the FMP allows certain measures to be changed by regulatory amendments without amending the FMP

232

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT / REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW / FINAL REGULATORY FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT / REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW / FINAL REGULATORY FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS Management Plan for Groundfish of the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands Management Area October 2007 Prepared that bycatch may be exacerbated by the current regulatory closure regulations, as much higher salmon bycatch

233

NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES ENERGY AND GROWTH UNDER FLEXIBLE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, none provides a synthesis. In this analysis, a theoretically sound model of an oil price increase of an oil price increase under flexible exchange rates, -1- #12;-2- and to solve the model by taking refuge- actions of energy prices and economic growth. The incorporation of energy prices and quantities

234

Bayesian Flexible Shape Matching with Applications to Structural Proteomics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and an associated Procrustes-type metric, along with a highly efficient algorithm for computing flexible shape for several variants including both affine and rigid-body component transformations. We demonstrate; Stoyan et al., 1995; Small, 1996; Dry- den and Mardia, 1998; Kendall et al., 1999). In this paper we

Schmidler, Scott

235

Flexible Knowledge Acquisition Through Explicit Representation of Knowledge Roles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flexible Knowledge Acquisition Through Explicit Representation of Knowledge Roles Bill Swartout@isi.edu, gil@isi.edu Abstract A system that acquires knowledge from a user should be able to reflect upon the knowledge that it has--at each moment--and understand what kinds of new knowledge it needs to learn

Southern California, University of

236

ORIGINAL PAPER Flexible product platforms: framework and case study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a platform design process in response to such future uncertainty. The process consists of seven iterative demand, and speci- fication changes. We show how embedding flexibility suppresses change propagation customers through high product variety. This demanded a corresponding decrease in development time

de Weck, Olivier L.

237

Modeling and Analysis of Flexible Queueing Systems Suri Gurumurthi,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 2 Graduate Program of processing more than one customer class. Customer classes can vary in demand rate and routing flexibility incoming calls can be routed. Different links may carry different capacities or provide different response

Benjaafar, Saifallah

238

MOBILE FLEXIBLE NETWORKS: THE CHALLENGES AHEAD Merouane Debbah  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of gas stations. In other words, it would flexibly adapt according to the external circumstances in order stations interact and self-adapt in an intelligent manner without the need of a central controller (or: MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) Net- works coordinate the transmission of various base stations

Boyer, Edmond

239

Flexible organic solar cells including efficiency enhancing grating structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work, a new method for the fabrication of organic solar cells containing functional light-trapping nanostructures on flexible substrates is presented. Polyimide is spin-coated on silicon support substrates, enabling standard micro- and nanotechnology fabrication techniques, such as photolithography and electron-beam lithography, besides the steps required for the bulk-heterojunction organic solar cell fabrication. After the production steps, the solar cells on polyimide are peeled off the silicon support substrates, resulting in flexible devices containing nanostructures for light absorption enhancement. Since the solar cells avoid using brittle electrodes, the performance of the flexible devices is not affected by the peeling process. We have investigated three different nanostructured grating designs and conclude that gratings with a 500?nm pitch distance have the highest light-trapping efficiency for the selected active layer material (P3HT:PCBM), resulting in an enhancement of about 34% on the solar cell efficiency. The presented method can be applied to a large variety of flexible nanostructured devices in future applications.

Roana Melina de Oliveira Hansen; Yinghui Liu; Morten Madsen; Horst-G?nter Rubahn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Wing flexibility enhances load-lifting capacity in bumblebees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...vertical aerodynamic force production and efficiency, compared...Resilin is a flexible, rubber-like protein with...on aerodynamic force production in a live insect. No...Weis-Fogh, T . 1960 A rubber-like protein in insect...timbal in cicada sound production. J. Exp. Biol. 198...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flexible subsidy scheme" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Flexible Generators for Software Reuse and Evolution (NIER Track)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flexible Generators for Software Reuse and Evolution (NIER Track) Stan Jarzabek and Ha Duy Trung@comp.nus.edu.sg ABSTRACT Developers tend to use models and generators during initial development, but often abandon them later in software evolution and reuse. One reason for that is that code generated from models (e.g., UML

Jarzabek, Stan

242

IMPOSING AND TESTING FOR SHAPE RESTRICTIONS IN FLEXIBLE PARAMETRIC MODELS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

0 IMPOSING AND TESTING FOR SHAPE RESTRICTIONS IN FLEXIBLE PARAMETRIC MODELS 1 Hendrik Wolff and inference to test for shape conditions in parametric models. We show that `regional' shape and test for all shape restrictions required by economic theory simultaneously in the "Berndt and Wood

Kaminsky, Werner

243

Flexible Graphene Field-Effect Transistors for Microwave Electronics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flexible Graphene Field-Effect Transistors for Microwave Electronics Inanc Meric , Nicholas Petrone-frequency characteristics of graphene field-effect transistors (GFETs) has received significant interest due the very high carrier velocities in graphene. In addition to excellent electronic performance, graphene possesses

Shepard, Kenneth

244

FLEXIBLE RECONCILIATION OF XML DOCUMENTS IN ASYNCHRONOUS EDITING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FLEXIBLE RECONCILIATION OF XML DOCUMENTS IN ASYNCHRONOUS EDITING Claudia-Lavinia Ignat and G management, operational transformation Abstract: As XML documents are increasingly being used in a wide important that users are supported for editing collaboratively XML documents. Existing tools do not offer

Boyer, Edmond

245

Flexible assembly robotics for self-optimizing production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper provides an overview of the research results on self-optimizing production systems. Self-optimization strategies developed for assembly systems will be presented focusing on the enhancement of flexibility of assembly processes through a holistic ... Keywords: assembly, cooperating robots, self-optimization, sensor-guidance

Sebastian Haag; Nicolas Pyschny; Christian Brecher

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

AITITUDE CONTROL OF FLEXIBLE COMMUNICATIONSSATELLITES Brij N. Agrawal"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

flexible communications satellite consisting of a large reflector and a solar array. The control configurations consisted of three classes: Class 1 - sensors and actuators co-located on the central body, Class 2 - actuator on the central body and sensors distributed, and Class 3 -actuators and sensors

247

A Framework for Flexible Access Control in Digital Library Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to merely control access to documents local to the digital library. The access control policies are often called DACM (Document Access Control Methods). The basic idea is geared toward discretionary accessA Framework for Flexible Access Control in Digital Library Systems Indrajit Ray and Sudip

Ray, Indrajit

248

Towards a Flexible Model for Data and Web Services Integration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a new framework that allows to integrate data and services. We use a language based on XML documentsTowards a Flexible Model for Data and Web Services Integration Serge Abiteboul, Omar Benjelloun that embeds service calls within semistructured data. The framework captures various integration scenarios

Abiteboul, Serge

249

Experimental investigation of a horizontal flexible-membrane wave barrier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A series of experiments is conducted in a two-dimensional glass-walled wave tank to confirm numerical solutions based on two-dimensional linear hydro-elastic theory for a horizontal flexible-membrane wave barrier. The model test is performed by a...

Choi, Hae-Jin

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Thin, Flexible Secondary Li-Ion Paper Liangbing Hu,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thin, Flexible Secondary Li-Ion Paper Batteries Liangbing Hu, Hui Wu, Fabio La Mantia, Yuan Yang, secondary Li-ion batteries are key components in por- table electronics due to their high power and energy integrated all of the components of a Li-ion battery into a single sheet of paper with a simple lamination

Cui, Yi

251

PROTECTING AMERICA'S WETLANDS: A FAIR, FLEXIBLE, AND EFFECTIVE APPROACH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PROTECTING AMERICA'S WETLANDS: A FAIR, FLEXIBLE, AND EFFECTIVE APPROACH WHITE HOUSE OFFICE. The Interagency Working Group on Federal Wetlands Policy IV. Five Principles for Federal Wetlands Policy V wetlands program that reflects a new broad-based consensus among Federal agencies. For years, many have

US Army Corps of Engineers

252

The upgraded scheme of Hefei Light Source  

SciTech Connect

To enhance the performance of Hefei Light Source, which was designed and constructed two decades ago, an upgrade project would be carried out in the near future. The detail upgrade scheme was described in this paper. Firstly, the magnet lattice of storage ring should be reconstructed with 4 DBA cells, whose advantages are lower beam emittance and more straight section available for insertion devices. Secondly, the beam diagnostics, main power supply, transverse and longitudinal multi-bunch feedback, beam control and manipulation system would be upgrade to improve the beam orbit stability. Finally, the injection system of storage ring and injector, which is composed of electron linac and beam transfer line, would be updated in order to assure smooth beam accumulation process under new low emittance lattice. With above improvement, it is hopeful to increase the brilliance of Hefei Light Source by two orders approximately. After three-year upgrade project, the performance of HLS would meet the demands of advanced SR users.

Li Weimin; Xu Hongliang; Wang Lin; Feng Guangyao; Zhang Shancai; Hao Hao [National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory of University of Science and Technology of China, Anhui (China)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

253

An Optimized Adaptive Protection Scheme for Distribution Systems Penetrated with Distributed Generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An intelligent adaptive protection scheme for distribution systems penetrated with distributed generators is proposed in this chapter. The scheme...

Ahmed H. Osman; Mohamed S. Hassan…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

A consistent and conservative scheme for MHD flows with complex boundaries on an unstructured Cartesian adaptive system  

SciTech Connect

The numerical simulation of Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) flows with complex boundaries has been a topic of great interest in the development of a fusion reactor blanket for the difficulty to accurately simulate the Hartmann layers and side layers along arbitrary geometries. An adaptive version of a consistent and conservative scheme has been developed for simulating the MHD flows. Besides, the present study forms the first attempt to apply the cut-cell approach for irregular wall-bounded MHD flows, which is more flexible and conveniently implemented under adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) technique. It employs a Volume-of-Fluid (VOF) approach to represent the fluid–conducting wall interface that makes it possible to solve the fluid–solid coupling magnetic problems, emphasizing at how electric field solver is implemented when conductivity is discontinuous in cut-cell. For the irregular cut-cells, the conservative interpolation technique is applied to calculate the Lorentz force at cell-center. On the other hand, it will be shown how consistent and conservative scheme is implemented on fine/coarse mesh boundaries when using AMR technique. Then, the applied numerical schemes are validated by five test simulations and excellent agreement was obtained for all the cases considered, simultaneously showed good consistency and conservative properties.

Zhang, Jie; Ni, Ming-Jiu, E-mail: mjni@ucas.ac.cn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Transactional Patterns: Combining Workflow Flexibility and Transactional Reliability for Composite Web  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transactional Patterns: Combining Workflow Flexibility and Transactional Reliability for Composite compositions. We introduce a new concept called transactional patterns to specify flexible and reliable composite Web services. A transactional pattern is a convergence concept between workflow patterns

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

256

Three-dimensional vortical structures in the wake of a flexible flapping foil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This project aims to gain a qualitative view of the three-dimensional vortical structures of a flexible flapping foil at Reynolds number 164. Flexible foils were fabricated, coated with fluorescent dye, and towed with heave ...

Krueger, Matthew J

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Operational flexibility on complex enterprises : case studies from recent military operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An emerging requirement for 21st century enterprises is operational flexibility, a requirement particularly important for the U. S. Department of Defense (DoD). To achieve flexibility, most practice and research emphasizes ...

Dickmann, John Q

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Efficient energy stable schemes with spectral discretization in space ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct energy stable schemes for the time discretization of the highly nonlinear ... shape) in order to achieve a well-defined energy for the system.

2012-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

259

Novel adsorption distillation hybrid scheme for propane/propylene separation  

SciTech Connect

A novel adsorption-distillation hybrid scheme is proposed for propane/propylene separation. The suggested scheme has potential for saving up to [approximately]50% energy and [approximately]15-30% in capital costs as compared with current technology. The key concept of the proposed scheme is to separate olefins from alkanes by adsorption and then separate individual olefins and alkanes by simple distillation, thereby eliminating energy intensive and expensive olefin-alkane distillation. A conceptual flow schematic for the proposed hybrid scheme and potential savings are outlined.s

Kumar, R.; Golden, T.C.; White, T.R.; Rokicki, A. (Air Products an Chemicals, Inc., Allentown, PA (United States))

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Novel schemes for the optical manipulation of atoms and molecules.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The range of atoms which can be cooled by lasers is limited to those which have a closed two level structure. Several schemes have been… (more)

Bateman, James

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flexible subsidy scheme" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Utility Energy Efficiency Schemes: Savings Obligations and Trading...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Website: dx.doi.org10.1007s12053-008-9024-8 Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontentutility-energy-efficiency-schemes-sav Language: English Policies: "Financial...

262

Industrial Steam System Process-Control Schemes | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Steam System Process-Control Schemes (July 2003) More Documents & Publications Compressed Air Storage Strategies Save Energy Now in Your Steam Systems CIBO Energy Efficiency...

263

Perception-based audio watermarking scheme in the compressed bitstream  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, a new perception-based watermarking scheme for MPEG-4 scalable to lossless (SLS) audio is proposed. Under the control of the psychoacoustic model, the significant part of integer modified discrete cosine transform (IntMDCT) coefficients are adaptively modified during MPEG-4 SLS audio compression taking robustness, imperceptibility and security into consideration. The chaotic watermark generated by chaos is simply embedded to ensure security. Moreover, the adaptive spread spectrum method is exploited to further tradeoff robustness and transparency of this scheme. Extensive experimental results confirm that the proposed scheme is robust against common signal processing attacks while the inaudibility of the scheme is preserved.

Baiying Lei; Ing Yann Soon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Microsoft Word - Booz Allen Hamilton Fuel Flexibility Final Report.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analysis of Fuel Flexibility Analysis of Fuel Flexibility Opportunities and Constraints in the U.S. Industrial Sector November 15, 2007 Prepared for the: Industrial Technologies Program Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy United States Department of Energy i TABLE OF CONTENTS ES. Executive Summary ................................................................................................. 1 1.0 Fuel Flexibility Study Process .......................................................................... 7 2.0 Is fuel flexibility a reasonable alternative to natural gas?........................ 10 2.1 Natural gas can be displaced by reconfiguring the industrial energy value chain ..............................................................................................................

265

Fuel-Flexible, Low-Emissions Catalytic Combustor for Opportunity Fuels  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Factsheet overview of how project will develop a unique, feul-flexible catalytic combustor for gas turbines

266

Flexible fiber batteries for applications in smart textiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Here we discuss two alternative approaches for building flexible batteries for applications in smart textiles. The first approach uses well-studied inorganic electrochemistry (Al-NaOCl galvanic cell) and innovative packaging in order to produce batteries in a slender and flexible fiber form that can be further weaved directly into the textiles. During fabrication process the battery electrodes are co-drawn within a microstructured polymer fiber, which is later filled with liquid electrolyte. The second approach describes Li-ion chemistry within solid polymer electrolytes that are used to build a fully solid and soft rechargeable battery that can be furthermore stitched onto a textile, or integrated as stripes during weaving process.

Qu, Hang; Rolland, Julien; Vlad, Alexandru; Gohy, Jean-François; Skorobogatiy, Maksim

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Designing New Transit Bus Garages to be Fuel Flexible  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Designing New Transit Bus Garages to be Fuel Flexible Prepared By: Marathon Technical Services Six Venus Crescent P.O. Box 318 Heidelberg, Ontario, Canada N0B1Y0 Telephone: 519-699-9250 May 12, 2006 ______________________________________________________________________________ DESIGNING NEW TRANSIT BUS GARAGES TO BE FUEL FLEXIBLE Background Information Before discussing the building design features that are recommended for CNG and GH2 buses, it is important to understand what makes these fuels different from gasoline or diesel. The items below summarize the basic differences between the properties of gaseous and liquid fuels that influence the building design changes: 1. Natural Gas and Hydrogen are both lighter-than-air and in gaseous form at atmospheric

268

Nanoimprint lithography with a soft roller and focused UV light for flexible substrates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a nanoimprint lithography system for flexible substrates. With this system, a flexible substrate is pressed on a stamp with a low pressing load, a narrow contact area, and a focused ultraviolet (UV) light. The system efficiently transfers ... Keywords: Flexible substrate, Nanoimprint lithography, Roller, Ultraviolet light

Hyungjun Lim; Geehong Kim; Kee-Bong Choi; Mira Jeong; Jihyeong Ryu; Jaejong Lee

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Measure Guideline: Optimizing the Configuration of Flexible Duct Junction Boxes  

SciTech Connect

This measure guideline offers additional recommendations to heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system designers for optimizing flexible duct, constant-volume HVAC systems using junction boxes within Air Conditioning Contractors of America (ACCA) Manual D guidance (Rutkowski, H. Manual D -- Residential Duct Systems, 3rd edition, Version 1.00. Arlington, VA: Air Conditioning Contractors of America, 2009.). IBACOS used computational fluid dynamics software to explore and develop guidance to better control the airflow effects of factors that may impact pressure losses within junction boxes among various design configurations (Beach, R., Prahl, D., and Lange, R. CFD Analysis of Flexible Duct Junction Box Design. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, submitted for publication 2013). These recommendations can help to ensure that a system aligns more closely with the design and the occupants' comfort expectations. Specifically, the recommendations described herein show how to configure a rectangular box with four outlets, a triangular box with three outlets, metal wyes with two outlets, and multiple configurations for more than four outlets. Designers of HVAC systems, contractors who are fabricating junction boxes on site, and anyone using the ACCA Manual D process for sizing duct runs will find this measure guideline invaluable for more accurately minimizing pressure losses when using junction boxes with flexible ducts.

Beach, R.; Burdick, A.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

RELIABLE RADIOGRAPHIC INSPECTION OF FLEXIBLE RISERS FOR THE OIL INDUSTRY  

SciTech Connect

Flexible risers are composite tubular structures manufactured by the concentric assemblage of cylindrical polymeric and helically wound metallic layers employed to convey pressurized fluids such as oil, gas and water in the ocean environment. The metallic layers account for the flexible risers' structural strength and are dimensioned according to the static and dynamic loads. They are usually installed in a free hanging catenary configuration and are subjected to the direct action of waves and marine currents and wave induced motions from the oil production platform. The fatigue rupture of wire armours in the end fitting or within the riser segment protected by the bend stiffener is an object of major concern. Integrity models have been developed, however inspection techniques are mandatory to ensure that failure is detected. Gammagraphy has been used as a common inspection technique in all regions of the flexible riser, mainly with the single wall-single view method. On the other side, there is not any qualified radiographic procedure to this kind of structure. Radiographic simulation was adopted and its validation with actual gammagraphies and establishment of radiographic parameters to complex radiation geometries were done. Results show the viability of the radiographic inspection analyzing the armour wires' rupture and the displacement between wires.

Almeida, Romulo M.; Rebello, Joao Marcos A. [Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering COPPE/UFRJ-Federal University of Rio de Janeiro P.O. Box 68505 CEP 21941-972, Rio de Janeiro RJ (Brazil); Vaz, Murilo A. [Department of Ocean Engineering-COPPE/UFRJ (Brazil)

2010-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

271

Direct laser writing of flexible graphene field emitters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on the simple fabrication of highly efficient solution-processable flexible graphene-based field emission (FE) cathodes via direct laser writing of emitting pixels on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) films deposited onto rGO:poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) composite layers. Laser processing gives rise to a pronounced vertical alignment of rGO bundles perpendicular to the substrate while at the same time sharp graphene edges are protruding out of the bundle. The laser-fabricated cathodes exhibit outstanding FE properties with a turn-on field of as low as ?0.6?V/?m and a field enhancement factor of 8900 which are the best reported to date for rGO FE cathodes. At the same time the cathodes exhibit stable operation under extensive and repetitive bending a critical requirement for every flexible technology. The flexible and solution-processable graphene-based technology developed could be useful for diverse potential applications including field emission displays biochemical sensors as well as solar cell and battery electrodes.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Trials of flexible pipe in sour service reveal degradation  

SciTech Connect

Field trials on flexible pipe offshore Qatar have shown that, under sour conditions, the layered, composite material can suffer severe degradation leading to failure. The failure demonstrates the significant effects of stress level, environmental aggressiveness, and localized hard zones in promoting sulfide stress cracking. Permeability of the sour gas through the composite layer of the flexible pipe resulted in varying degrees of sulfide attack and hydrogen embrittlement, depending on the susceptibility of the multilayered material. In the trials, the material was used as a gas-lift line in a sour-oil field in the Arabian Gulf. Flexible pipes have been used successfully for transporting methanol, benzene, and gas condensates in wet sweet environments at temperatures of up to 80 C. Little or no information, however, has been available as to its corrosion resistance in sour-service wells containing 6% CO{sub 2} with 3% H{sub 2}S partial pressures and at moderate temperatures. The paper discusses an underwater survey to evaluate the damage, visual inspection, mechanical tests, metallographic exam, and trial results.

Al-Maslamani, M.J. [Qatar General Petroleum Corp., Doha (Qatar)

1996-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

273

Prevention of protein adsorption by flexible and rigid chain molecules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ability of tethered polymer layers to reduce the non-specific adsorption of proteins is studied using a molecular theory. The protein adsorption isotherms are calculated for flexible and rigid molecules as well as for mixtures. It is found, in agreement with earlier predictions, that flexible polymers are more effective in preventing protein adsorption. The interactions of the polymer with the surface are shown to be very important in determining the ability of the polymer layer to reduce the adsorption of proteins. Further, it is found that one can tune the adsorption of a certain protein conformation by changing the interactions between the surface and the polymer segments or the composition in the case of mixtures. It is found that the optimal layers to obtain large reduction of protein adsorption and availability of functional groups for binding are obtained by using mixtures of flexible and rod-like molecules. The role of the polymer-surface interactions is shown to be different for the kinetic control of protein adsorption as compared to thermodynamic control. The application of the findings as guidelines for the molecular design of biocompatible materials is discussed.

M.A. Carignano; I. Szleifer

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Compression effects on pressure loss in flexible HVAC ducts  

SciTech Connect

A study was conducted to evaluate the effect of compression on pressure drop in flexible, spiral wire helix core ducts used in residential and light commercial applications. Ducts of 6 inches, 8 inches and 10 inches (150, 200 and 250 mm) nominal diameters were tested under different compression configurations following ASHRAE Standard 120-1999--Methods of Testing to Determine Flow Resistance of HVAC Air Ducts and Fittings. The results showed that the available published references tend to underestimate the effects of compression. The study demonstrated that moderate compression in flexible ducts, typical of that often seen in field installations, could increase the pressure drop by a factor of four, while further compression could increase the pressure drop by factors close to ten. The results proved that the pressure drop correction factor for compressed ducts cannot be independent of the duct size, as suggested by ASHRAE Fundamentals, and therefore a new relationship was developed for better quantification of the pressure drop in flexible ducts. This study also suggests potential improvements to ASHRAE Standard 120-1999 and provides new data for duct design.

Abushakra, Bass; Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max H.

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Synthesis and thermal studies of flexible polyurethane nanocomposite foams obtained using nanoclay modified with flame retardant compound  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work presents thermal studies of nanocomposites based on the flexible polyurethane (PU) matrix and filled using montmorillonite organically modified with organophosphorus flame retardant compound. Flexibl...

?ukasz Piszczyk; Magdalena Danowska…

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

A pressure control scheme for air brakes in commercial vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research is focused on developing a control scheme for regulating the pressure in the brake chamber of an air brake system found in most commercial vehicles like trucks, tractor-trailers and buses. Such a control scheme can be used...

Bowlin, Christopher Leland

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

277

Lattice Boltzmann scheme for two-dimensional magnetohydrodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown that the lattice Boltzmann equation arising from the basic lattice-gas scheme for Navier-Stokes equations can be extended in such a way as to include the effects of a two-dimensional magnetic field. This offers the possibility of developing new computational schemes for the efficient simulation of incompressible magnetohydrodynamic flows.

S. Succi; M. Vergassola; R. Benzi

1991-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

278

Quartic Parameters for Acoustic Applications of Lattice Boltzmann Scheme  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quartic Parameters for Acoustic Applications of Lattice Boltzmann Scheme Fran¸cois Dubois ab Abstract. With the Taylor expansion method, we show that it is possible to improve the lattice Boltzmann lattice Boltzmann scheme. Various numerical tests support the coherence of this approach. Keywords: Taylor

279

Stable lattice Boltzmann scheme for a moving Burgers shock wave  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stable lattice Boltzmann scheme for a moving Burgers shock wave Fran¸cois Dubois ab a Conservatoire functions for D1Q3 lattice Boltzmann simulations of the Burgers equation. When a particular convexity solutions of hyperbolic problems with the lattice Boltzmann scheme as described e.g. by Lallemand and Luo

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

280

Mathematical study of a petroleum-engineering scheme Robert EYMARD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MICHEL October 8, 2002 Abstract Models of two phase flows in porous media, used in petroleum engineeringMathematical study of a petroleum-engineering scheme Robert EYMARD , Rapha`ele HERBIN , and Anthony, consisting in a finite volume method together with a phase-by-phase upstream weighting scheme, is used

Herbin, Raphaèle

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flexible subsidy scheme" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Implementaion and performance of checkpointing schemes in a distributed environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as the representative for the coordinated schemes and [21 and [3] are chosen for the independent checkpointing. A distributed application is simulated on a subnet of nine SUN Sparc Stations and performance of checkpointing schemes is measured by varying the number...

Soni, Sameer

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Computations of Hypersonic Weakly Ionised Flows using a Relaxation Scheme  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computations of Hypersonic Weakly Ionised Flows using a Relaxation Scheme Olivier Rouzaud ONERA to classical Riemann solvers. Thus, we propose a re- laxation scheme adapted to the treatment of hypersonic of large Mach num- ber flows corresponding to hypersonic flows around reentry bodies. At high speeds

Chalons, Christophe

283

OS-HELP Loan Scheme Guidelines for Students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OS-HELP Loan Scheme Guidelines for Students OS-HELP Loan Scheme is a Commonwealth Department to eligible students to undertake some of their undergraduate study overseas. OS-HELP loan is intended. 1. Eligibility Criteria To be eligible to apply for an OS-HELP loan you must: · be an Australian

284

National Forest Land Scheme case study Broadford and Strath Community  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Forest Land Scheme case study Broadford and Strath Community Company: Broadford Wood.forestry.gov.uk/nfls1National Forest Land Scheme case study #12;BSCC has almost 200 members: voting membership is open covers the IV42 and IV49 post codes: about 240km2 . Much of the area comprises moorland and hills

285

Second-order accurate monotone finite volume scheme for ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 16, 2012 ... Some of the results obtained will be extended to a two-dimensional Richards' equation. ... uncertainty quantification analysis, the standard FV schemes may produce ..... around the interface point x ¼ a and near the boundary x ¼ 2a and .... measure loss of monotonicity in each FV scheme is to identify the ...

Oleksandr Misiats

2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

286

Alternative Schemes for Dynamic Secure VPN Deployment in UMTS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three alternative schemes for secure Virtual Private Network (VPN) deployment over the Universal Mobile Telecommunication System (UMTS) are proposed and analyzed. The proposed schemes enable a mobile node to voluntarily establish an IPsec-based secure ... Keywords: IKE, IPsec, NAT, UMTS, VPN, mobile Internet, privacy, security

Christos Xenakis; Lazaros Merakos

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Journey data based arrival forecasting for bicycle hire schemes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Journey data based arrival forecasting for bicycle hire schemes Marcel C. Guenther and Jeremy T. The global emergence of city bicycle hire schemes has re- cently received a lot of attention of future bicycle migration trends, as these assist service providers to ensure availability of bicycles

Imperial College, London

288

Dissecting Oxygenic Photosynthesis: The Evolution of the "Z"-Scheme  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

11CHAPTER Dissecting Oxygenic Photosynthesis: The Evolution of the "Z"-Scheme for Thylakoid and two photosystems are involved in oxygenic photosynthesis. This is then followed by the discovery Drop in Photosynthesis; Two Light Reactions; Two Photosystems; Z-Scheme of Photosynthesis #12

Govindjee

289

Predictions of flexible C-terminal tethers of bacterial proteins with the FLEXTAIL bioinformatics pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Proteins use conserved binding motifs associated with relatively unconserved flexible amino acid sequences as mobile tethers for interacting molecules, as exemplified by C-terminal sequences of bacterial chemotaxis receptors. The FLEXTAIL bioinformatics pipeline predicts flexible tethers and their binding motifs based on the properties of flexibility and sequence conservation. In four groups of bacterial genomes, the algorithm identified >100 putative binding domains, including verifying the known bacterial chemotaxis receptor – NWETF binding motif. Some potential C-terminal flexible regions that have not previously been recognised to function as protein tethers were found and should be investigated further for binding targets and flexibility.

Yi Lu; Jeffrey L. Ram

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Utility Energy Efficiency Schemes: Savings Obligations and Trading  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Energy Efficiency Schemes: Savings Obligations and Trading Utility Energy Efficiency Schemes: Savings Obligations and Trading **Subscription Required** Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Utility Energy Efficiency Schemes: Savings Obligations and Trading **Subscription Required** Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, - Utility Topics: Policy Impacts Website: dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12053-008-9024-8 Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/utility-energy-efficiency-schemes-sav Language: English Policies: "Financial Incentives,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. Regulations: Mandates/Targets This paper attempts to answer the following questions: What is new about the recent raft of white certificate energy efficiency schemes and is there

291

Testing Statistical Cloud Scheme Ideas in the GFDL Climate Model  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Testing Statistical Cloud Scheme Ideas in the GFDL Climate Model Testing Statistical Cloud Scheme Ideas in the GFDL Climate Model Klein, Stephen Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Pincus, Robert NOAA-CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center Category: Modeling Statistical cloud schemes (or assumed probability distribution function cloud schemes) are attractive because they provide a way to implement horizontal sub-grid scale cloud heterogeneity in a self-consistent way between physical parameterizations of the a climate model, such as radiation and cloud microphysics. In this work, we will present results dealing with two aspects of our ongoing work towards the implementation of statistical cloud scheme ideas in the climate model of Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory. First, we will address the representation of cloud

292

Key words. Emissions markets, Cap-and-trade schemes, Equilibrium models, Environmental MARKET DESIGN FOR EMISSION TRADING SCHEMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Key words. Emissions markets, Cap-and-trade schemes, Equilibrium models, Environmental Finance. MARKET DESIGN FOR EMISSION TRADING SCHEMES REN´E CARMONA , MAX FEHR , JURI HINZ , AND ARNAUD PORCHET to help policy makers and regulators understand the pros and the cons of the emissions markets. We propose

Carmona, Rene

293

Potential residential PV development in Chile: The effect of Net Metering and Net Billing schemes for grid-connected PV systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In recent years the global photovoltaic (PV) market has expanded rapidly due to a sharp decline in PV prices and increased attention to the importance of sustainable energy. Northern Chile has one of the highest irradiance levels in the world as well as one the highest electricity rates in Latin America. Because of these conditions, Chile is one of very few countries where several PV projects are being developed without government subsidies and consequently, the PV industry is experiencing rapid growth. This paper reviews the opportunity to take advantage of these market conditions within the residential sector, modeling PV arrays across 10 cities in Chile. A detailed modeling of PV systems is performed to achieve an accurate analysis of energy production and electricity cost, using local resource data, optimal array orientation and inclination, and production losses. A review of how Net Metering and Net Billing affect the value of the PV production is applied and a comparison using levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) is conducted. Net Metering is found to be a better policy choice to promote PV systems than Net Billing because energy injected into the electrical network is paid at the complete retail rate. However, in developed countries this kind of policy is unlikely to be supported because of it?s economic unfeasibility. Under a Net Billing scheme a consumer will see an advantage when energy is recorded over longer time intervals and when installing a system with smaller capacity relative to household electricity consumption. This prevents excess generation from being injected into the network which would be bought by the utility at lower prices than the retail rate. Payback periods are found to be low, between 6 years in northern areas with high retail rates and 13 years in other areas with lower radiation and retail rates.

David Watts; Marcelo F. Valdés; Danilo Jara; Andrea Watson

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

EV Everywhere Grand Challenge - Charging Infrastructure Enabling Flexible EV Design  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Charging Infrastructure Charging Infrastructure Enabling Flexible EV Design July 30, 2012 Lee Slezak Technology Manager, Vehicle Systems Vehicle Technologies Program U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue Washington DC 20585 eere.energy.gov Outline * Purpose - Establish Vision for Achieving EV Everywhere * Enable Strong Demand for EVs * Supply of Vehicles and Infrastructure * Current Status of Infrastructure and Vehicles * Desired Workshop Outputs * Approach - Design Candidate Infrastructure Strategies for 2022 10/12/2012 2 eere.energy.gov Achieving EV Everywhere - Enable Strong Demand for EVs 10/12/2012 3 EV Everywhere Consumer Acceptance EV Everywhere Consumer Acceptance Electric Vehicles * Safe * Cost Competitive * Utility meets consumer needs * Range

295

Flexible metallic seal for transition duct in turbine system  

SciTech Connect

A turbine system is disclosed. In one embodiment, the turbine system includes a transition duct. The transition duct includes an inlet, an outlet, and a passage extending between the inlet and the outlet and defining a longitudinal axis, a radial axis, and a tangential axis. The outlet of the transition duct is offset from the inlet along the longitudinal axis and the tangential axis. The transition duct further includes an interface member for interfacing with a turbine section. The turbine system further includes a flexible metallic seal contacting the interface member to provide a seal between the interface member and the turbine section.

Flanagan, James Scott; LeBegue, Jeffrey Scott; McMahan, Kevin Weston; Dillard, Daniel Jackson; Pentecost, Ronnie Ray

2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

296

Low-cost flexible packaging materials for batteries.  

SciTech Connect

Considerable cost savings can be realized if the metal container used for lithium-based batteries is replaced with a flexible multi-laminate containment commonly used in the food packaging industry. This laminate structure must have air, moisture, and electrolyte barrier capabilities, be resistant to hydrogen-fluoride attack, and be heat-sealable. After extensive screening of commercial films, the polyethylene and polypropylene classes of polymers were found to have an adequate combination of mechanical, permeation, and seal-strength properties. The search for a better film and adhesive is ongoing.

Jansen, A. N.; Amine, K.; Newman, A. E.; Vissers, D. R.; Henriksen, G. L.; Chemical Engineering

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Flexible, integrated NGL recovery/nitrogen rejection systems  

SciTech Connect

As the oil and gas industry uses nitrogen to recover more of the expensive hydrocarbons below the ground, there is a need for gas processing facilities above the ground that can efficiently and effectively handle the nitrogen coproduced with the hydrocarbon stream. Some of the key general economic variables that must be considered when evaluating proposed nitrogen rejection projects are reviewed. This work discusses the design of the nitrogen/ natural gas processing facilities. It also reviews these process specific criteria and examines some pertinent examples of process design and equipment selection features, which provide the flexibility and integration required to meet the demands of these interrelated driving forces.

Browne, L.W.; Aberle, J.L.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Flexible edge seal for vacuum insulating glazing units  

SciTech Connect

A flexible edge seal is provided for a vacuum insulating glazing unit having a first glass pane and a second glass pane spaced-apart from the first. The edge seal comprises a seal member formed of a hermetically bondable material and having a first end, a second end and a center section disposed therebetween. The first end is hermetically bondable to a first glass pane. The second end is hermetically bondable to a second glass pane. The center section comprises a plurality of convolutes.

Bettger, Kenneth J.; Stark, David H.

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

299

Evaluation of friction loss in flexible and galvanized duct  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Friction Loss in Straight Runs of Duct (a'Ipha=0. 10). 21 Ill Static Pressure Data Converted to Equivalent Lengths. 23 IV Duncan's Multiple Range Test of Variability for Equivalent Lengths of 90 Degree Elbows (al pha=0. IO). 26 V Student t Test... because of the higher Friction losses obtained in the first 1. 5 hours of testing. The Investigators concluded that when flex'ible duct was properly installed the Friction losses compared reasonably well with the friction losses in galvanized duct. i...

Zimmermann, Carlos Michael Alberto

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

300

Flexibility in the Design of the NSLS-II Lattice  

SciTech Connect

The NSLS-II light source is a proposed 3 GeV storage ring, with the potential for ultra-low emittance [1]. The lattice design uses a 30 cell DBA structure with a periodicity of 15, with alternating long and short straight sections. All cells are tuned achromatic to maximize the emittance reduction achieved as damping wigglers are added to the ring. Recent optimization of the lattice consisted of increasing the number of possible hard X-ray beam ports using three pole wigglers, reducing the number of magnets (quadrupoles and sextupoles) and shifting the magnets to allow easier extraction of the photon beams. The impact of the reduction of magnets on the lattice flexibility will be presented in terms of the tuning range possible for the lattice parameters: tune, emittance, chromaticity, and beta function matching to user insertion devices (IDs). This flexibility is important for optimizing the lattice linear and nonlinear properties, the dynamic aperture, and its impact on beam lifetime, as well as matching the user source requirements and for value engineering of magnets and power supplies.

Kramer,S.L.; Guo, W.

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flexible subsidy scheme" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Semi-flexible bimetal-based thermal energy harvesters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper introduces a new semi-flexible device able to turn thermal gradients into electricity by using a curved bimetal coupled to an electret-based converter. In fact, a two-step conversion is carried out: (i) a curved bimetal turns the thermal gradient into a mechanical oscillation that is then (ii) converted into electricity thanks to an electrostatic converter using electrets in Teflon®. The semi-flexible and low-cost design of these new energy converters pave the way to mass production over large areas of thermal energy harvesters. Raw output powers up to 13.46 ?W per device were reached on a hot source at 60?°C with forced convection. Then, a DC-to-DC flyback converter has been sized to turn the energy harvesters' raw output powers into a viable supply source for an electronic circuit (DC@3 V). At the end, 10 ?W of directly usable output power were reached with 3 devices, which is compatible with wireless sensor network powering applications.

S Boisseau; G Despesse; S Monfray; O Puscasu; T Skotnicki

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

25 Year Lifetime for Flexible Buildings Integrated Photovoltaics  

SciTech Connect

Although preliminary proof-of-principle of the efficacy of barrier materials and processes, first developed by Battelle at PNNL and commercialized by Vitex, has been demonstrated at the laboratory scale, there are several challenges to the practical commercial implementation of these developments in the Buildings Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) market. Two important issues that are addressed in this project are identifying a low cost substrate material that can survive in the outside environment (rain, heat, dust, hail, etc.) for 25 years and developing an encapsulation method for the photovoltaic (PV) cells that can meet the required barrier performance without driving the cost of the total barrier package out of range (remaining below $3.00/Wp). Without these solutions, current encapsulation technologies will limit the use of PV for BIPV applications. Flexible, light-weight packaging that can withstand 25 years in the field is required for a totally flexible integrated PV package. The benefit of this research is to make substantial progress in the development of a cost-effective, viable thin film barrier package which will be a critical enabling technology to meet the Solar America Initiative cost and device reliability goals, and to make photovoltaics (PV) more cost-competitive with electricity generated using fossil fuels. Increased PV installations will enable increased US electrical capacity and reduce dependence on imported oil through increased utilization of a widely abundant source of renewable energy (sunlight).

Gross, Mark E.

2010-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

303

Optimizing operational flexibility and enforcement liability in Title V permits  

SciTech Connect

Now that most states have interim or full approval of the portions of their state implementation plans (SIPs) implementing Title V (40 CFR Part 70) of the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA), most sources which require a Title V permit have submitted or are well on the way to submitting a Title V operating permit application. Numerous hours have been spent preparing applications to ensure the administrative completeness of the application and operational flexibility for the facility. Although much time and effort has been spent on Title V permit applications, the operating permit itself is the final goal. This paper outlines the major Federal requirements for Title V permits as given in the CAAA at 40 CFR 70.6, Permit Content. These Federal requirements and how they will effect final Title V permits and facilities will be discussed. This paper will provide information concerning the Federal requirements for Title V permits and suggestions on how to negotiate a Title V permit to maximize operational flexibility and minimize enforcement liability.

McCann, G.T. [Rust Environment and Infrastructure Inc., Greenville, SC (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

304

Signature schemes and applications to cryptographic protocol design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Signature schemes are fundamental cryptographic primitives, useful as a stand-alone application, and as a building block in the design of secure protocols and other cryptographic objects. In this thesis, we study both the ...

Lysyanskaya, Anna

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

EM algorithm estimation of TCM scheme over multipath fading  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The performance of Trellis Coded Modulation scheme via Expectation-Maximization algorithm utilizing a Kalman filter over multipath fading is presented. EM algorithm offers an easier computation than the classical ML estimation does. To get a better...

Gunawan, Wiedy

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

306

Chapman-Enskog Analysis of Finite Volume Lattice Boltzmann Schemes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we provide a systematic analysis of some finite volume lattice Boltzmann schemes in two dimensions. A complete iteration cycle in time evolution of discretized distribution functions is formally divided into collision and propagation (streaming) steps. Considering mass and momentum conserving properties of the collision step, it becomes obvious that changes in the momentum of finite volume cells is just due to the propagation step. Details of the propagation step are discussed for different approximate schemes for the evaluation of fluxes at the boundaries of the finite volume cells. Moreover, a full Chapman-Enskog analysis is conducted allowing to recover the Navier-Stokes equation. As an important result of this analysis, the relation between the lattice Boltzmann relaxation time and the kinematic viscosity of the fluid is derived for each approximate flux evaluation scheme. In particular, it is found that the constant upwind scheme leads to a positive numerical viscosity while the central sc...

Siboni, Nima H; Varnik, Fathollah

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Lattice Boltzmann Scheme for Diffusion on Triangular Grids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we present a Lattice Boltzmann scheme for diffusion on it unstructured triangular ... At the end of the propagation step the lattice gas particles arrive exactly at neighbouring lattice sites, as is...

R. G. M. van der Sman

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

STABLE FILTERING SCHEMES WITH RATIONAL DILATIONS BRODY DYLAN JOHNSON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STABLE FILTERING SCHEMES WITH RATIONAL DILATIONS BRODY DYLAN JOHNSON Abstract. The relationship Services Administration at St. Louis University. 1 #12;2 BRODY DYLAN JOHNSON If is a scaling function

Johnson, Brody Dylan

309

Progress with multigrid schemes for hypersonic flow problems  

SciTech Connect

Several multigrid schemes are considered for the numerical computation of viscous hypersonic flows. For each scheme, the basic solution algorithm employs upwind spatial discretization with explicit multistage time stepping. Two-level versions of the various multigrid algorithms are applied to the two-dimensional advection equation, and Fourier analysis is used to determine their damping properties. The capabilities of the multigrid methods are assessed by solving three different hypersonic flow problems. Some new multigrid schemes based on semicoarsening strategies are shown to be quite effective in relieving the stiffness caused by the high-aspect-ratio cells required to resolve high Reynolds number flows. These schemes exhibit good convergence rates for Reynolds numbers up to 200 X 10{sup 6} and Mach numbers up to 25. 32 refs., 31 figs., 1 tab.

Radespiel, R. [DLR, Braunschweig (Germany)] [DLR, Braunschweig (Germany); Swanson, R.C. [NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA (United States)] [NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA (United States)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

A Unified Convection Scheme (UNICON). Part I: Formulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The author develops a unified convection scheme (UNICON) that parameterizes relative (i.e., with respect to the grid-mean vertical flow) subgrid vertical transport by nonlocal asymmetric turbulent eddies. UNICON is a process-based model of subgrid ...

Sungsu Park

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Recovery of primal solution in dual subgradient schemes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we study primal solutions for general optimization problems. In particular, we employ the subgradient method to solve the Lagrangian dual of a convex constrained problem, and use a primal-averaging scheme ...

Ma, Jing, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

A Unified Convection Scheme (UNICON). Part II: Simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A unified convection scheme (UNICON) is implemented into the Community Atmosphere Model, version 5 (CAM5), and tested in single-column and global simulations forced by observed sea surface temperature. Compared to CAM5, UNICON substantially ...

Sungsu Park

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Village adoption scheme : a model for rural development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study describes a "Village Adoption Scheme" as a model for energising the rural economy in India and to slow down rural - urban migration which research has shown to be harmful to both; rural and urban people of India ...

Nanavati, Shahid Sadruddin, 1961-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Auxiliary power controls on the Nelson River HVDC scheme  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the auxiliary power controls on the Nelson River HVDC scheme. It shows how the fast control feature of the HVDC link can be utilized to enhance the operation of an integrated ac/dc power system.

Chand, J. (Manitoba Hydro, Winnipeg, Manitoba (CA))

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Design and Analysis of Low Complexity Network Coding Schemes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of inequalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 C. The Routing Rate Region in Ring Networks . . . . . . . . . . . 20 1. Algorithm for constructing a binary distance vector b for distance vector a for the case of line sessions . . . . . . 22 2. Proof... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 b. Optimality of the network coding scheme . . . . . . . 57 C. Network Coding in Star Networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 1. Upper bounds on the achievable rates in star networks . . . 60 2. Network coding scheme for star networks...

Tabatabaei-Yazdi, Seyed

2012-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

316

A development of MOS linear active load schemes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A DEVELOPMENT OF MOS LINEAR ACTIVE LOAD SCHEMES A Thesis by ROBERT ALAN MALLETT Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AgrM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1985 Major...-Angulo ( ember) Thomas R. Fischer (Member) Charl lover (Member) J. W. Howze (Head of Department) December 1985 ABSTRACT The Development of MOS Linear Active Load Schemes. (December 1985) Robert Alan Mallett, B, S, , South Dakota State University...

Mallett, Robert Alan

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

The development of an objective weather typing scheme  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN OBJECTIVE WEATHER TYPING SCHEME A Thesis by ROBERT DONALD LAFEBRE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1987 Major... Subject: Meteorology THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN OBJECTIVE WEATHER TYPING SCHEME A Thesis ROBERT DONALD LAFEBRE Approved as to style and content by: Dennis M. Driscoll (Chairman of Committee) Robert C. Runnels (Member) udolf J. Freund (M mber) James...

LaFebre, Robert Donald

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

318

Low-cost, Efficient, Flexible Solar Cells with 3D Nanopillar...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photovoltaic Solar Photovoltaic Find More Like This Return to Search Low-cost, Efficient, Flexible Solar Cells with 3D Nanopillar Arrays Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory...

319

Flexible CHP System with Low NOx, CO, and VOC Emissions - Presentation...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

CHP System with Low NOx, CO, and VOC Emissions - Presentation by the Gas Technology Institute (GTI), June 2011 Flexible CHP System with Low NOx, CO, and VOC Emissions -...

320

Resonant cavity enhanced light harvesting in flexible thin-film organic solar cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dielectric/metal/dielectric (DMD) electrodes have the potential to significantly increase the absorption efficiency and photocurrent in flexible organic solar cells. We demonstrate...

Sergeant, Nicholas P; Niesen, Bjoern; Liu, Albert S; Boman, Lee; Stoessel, Chris; Heremans, Paul; Peumans, Peter; Rand, Barry P; Fan, Shanhui

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flexible subsidy scheme" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Flexible CHP System with Low NOx, CO and VOC Emissions | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emissions Flexible CHP System with Low NOx, CO and VOC Emissions Introduction A combined heat and power (CHP) system can be a financially attractive energy option for many...

322

Apparatus And Method Of Using Flexible Printed Circuit Board In Optical Transceiver Device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to a flexible printed circuit board that is used in connection with an optical transmitter, receiver or transceiver module. In one embodiment, the flexible printed circuit board has flexible metal layers in between flexible insulating layers, and the circuit board comprises: (1) a main body region orientated in a first direction having at least one electrical or optoelectronic device; (2) a plurality of electrical contact pads integrated into the main body region, where the electrical contact pads function to connect the flexible printed circuit board to an external environment; (3) a buckle region extending from one end of the main body region; and (4) a head region extending from one end of the buckle region, and where the head region is orientated so that it is at an angle relative to the direction of the main body region. The electrical contact pads may be ball grid arrays, solder balls or land-grid arrays, and they function to connect the circuit board to an external environment. A driver or amplifier chip may be adapted to the head region of the flexible printed circuit board. In another embodiment, a heat spreader passes along a surface of the head region of the flexible printed circuit board, and a window is formed in the head region of the flexible printed circuit board. Optoelectronic devices are adapted to the head spreader in such a manner that they are accessible through the window in the flexible printed circuit board.

Anderson, Gene R. (Albuquerque, NM); Armendariz, Marcelino G. (Albuquerque, NM); Bryan, Robert P. (Albuquerque, NM); Carson, Richard F. (Albuquerque, NM); Duckett, III, Edwin B. (Albuquerque, NM); McCormick, Frederick B. (Albuquerque, NM); Peterson, David W. (Sandia Park, NM); Peterson, Gary D. (Albuquerque, NM); Reysen, Bill H. (Lafayette, CO)

2005-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

323

E-Print Network 3.0 - approach semi-rigid flexible Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

repetitions... . Indian Roads Congress (IRC) 2001, Guidelines for the design of flexible pavements, IRC:37- 2001, 2nd Source: Das, Animesh - Department of Civil Engineering,...

324

Home News News Archives Fab News "Flexible" Circuit Boards in Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Home News News Archives Fab News "Flexible" Circuit Boards in Development Contact Us use silicon in integrated circuits that are fully foldable and stretchable." [ Back ] Home News

Rogers, John A.

325

Understanding the Hydrodynamics of Swimming: From Fish Fins to Flexible Propulsors for Autonomous  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding the Hydrodynamics of Swimming: From Fish Fins to Flexible Propulsors for Autonomous. The research effort described here is concerned with developing a maneuvering propulsor for an autonomous

Lauder, George V.

326

Decoupled energy stable schemes for phase-field models of two ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jan 7, 2015 ... Efficient energy stable numerical schemes for a phase field ... conditions and a linear decoupled energy stable scheme for systems with static ...

Jie Shen

2015-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

327

Site map | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Seekers with Disabilities Veterans Working at NNSA Benefits Flexible Spending Accounts Health Leave (Time Off) Life Insurance Long Term Care Retirement Plans Transit Subsidies...

328

Flexible nuclear medicine camera and method of using  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nuclear medicine camera 10 and method of use photographically record radioactive decay particles emitted from a source, for example a small, previously undetectable breast cancer, inside a patient. The camera 10 includes a flexible frame 20 containing a window 22, a photographic film 24, and a scintillation screen 26, with or without a gamma-ray collimator 34. The frame 20 flexes for following the contour of the examination site on the patient, with the window 22 being disposed in substantially abutting contact with the skin of the patient for reducing the distance between the film 24 and the radiation source inside the patient. The frame 20 is removably affixed to the patient at the examination site for allowing the patient mobility to wear the frame 20 for a predetermined exposure time period. The exposure time may be several days for obtaining early qualitative detection of small malignant neoplasms.

Dilmanian, F. Avraham (Yaphank, NY); Packer, Samuel (Great Neck, NY); Slatkin, Daniel N. (Sound Beach, NY)

1996-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

329

Flexible nuclear medicine camera and method of using  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nuclear medicine camera and method of use photographically record radioactive decay particles emitted from a source, for example a small, previously undetectable breast cancer, inside a patient. The camera includes a flexible frame containing a window, a photographic film, and a scintillation screen, with or without a gamma-ray collimator. The frame flexes for following the contour of the examination site on the patient, with the window being disposed in substantially abutting contact with the skin of the patient for reducing the distance between the film and the radiation source inside the patient. The frame is removably affixed to the patient at the examination site for allowing the patient mobility to wear the frame for a predetermined exposure time period. The exposure time may be several days for obtaining early qualitative detection of small malignant neoplasms. 11 figs.

Dilmanian, F.A.; Packer, S.; Slatkin, D.N.

1996-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

330

Topsides equipment, operating flexibility key floating LNG design  

SciTech Connect

Use of a large-scale floating liquefied natural gas (LNG) plant is an economical alternative to an onshore plant for producing from an offshore field. Mobil Technology Co., Dallas, has advanced a design for such a plant that is technically feasible, economical, safe, and reliable. Presented were descriptions of the general design basis, hull modeling and testing, topsides and storage layouts, and LNG offloading. But such a design also presents challenges for designing topsides equipment in an offshore environment and for including flexibility and safety. These are covered in this second article. Mobil`s floating LNG plant design calls for a square concrete barge with a moon-pool in the center. It is designed to produce 6 million tons/year of LNG with up to 55,000 b/d of condensate from 1 bcfd of raw feed gas.

Yost, K.; Lopez, R.; Mok, J. [Mobil E and P Technology Co., Dallas, TX (United States)

1998-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

331

ARAC: A flexible real-time dose consequence assessment system  

SciTech Connect

Since its beginning, the Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability (ARAC), an emergency radiological dose assessment service of the US Government, has been called on to do consequence assessments for releases into the atmosphere of radionuclides and a variety of other substances. Some of the more noteworthy emergency responses have been for the Three Mile Island and Chernobyl nuclear power reactor accidents, and more recently, for a cloud of gases from a rail-car spill into the Sacramento river of the herbicide metam sodium, smoke from hundreds of burning oil wells in Kuwait, and ash clouds from the eruption of Mt. Pinatubo. The spatial scales of these responses range from local, to regional, to global, and the response periods from hours, to weeks, to months. Because of the variety of requirements of each unique assessment, ARAC has developed and maintains a flexible system of people, computer software and hardware.

Ellis, J.S.; Sullivan, T.J.

1993-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

332

A flexible scintillation light apparatus for rare event searches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compelling experimental evidences of neutrino oscillations and their implication that neutrinos are massive particles have given neutrinoless double beta decay a central role in astroparticle physics. In fact, the discovery of this elusive decay would be a major breakthrough, unveiling that neutrino and antineutrino are the same particle and that the lepton number is not conserved. It would also impact our efforts to establish the absolute neutrino mass scale and, ultimately, understand elementary particle interaction unification. All current experimental programs to search for neutrinoless double beta decay are facing with the technical and financial challenge of increasing the experimental mass while maintaining incredibly low levels of spurious background. The new concept described in this paper could be the answer which combines all the features of an ideal experiment: energy resolution, low cost mass scalability, isotope choice flexibility and many powerful handles to make the background negligible. The ...

Bonvicini, Valter; Cremonesi, Oliviero; Cucciati, Giacomo; Gironi, Luca; Pavan, Maura; Previtali, Ezio; Sisti, Monica

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Full-Length Structures of BenM and Two Variants Reveal Different Oligomerization Schemes for LysR-Type Transcriptional Regulators  

SciTech Connect

BenM, a LysR-type transcriptional regulator (LTTR) from the bacterium Acinetobacter baylyi, responds synergistically to benzoate and cis,cis-muconate. With these effectors, BenM activates gene expression during benzoate consumption. Without effectors, BenM represses transcription. Here, X-ray crystallography was used to determine the full-length structures of BenM and two variants that activate transcription without benzoate or cis,cis-muconate: BenM(R156H) and BenM(E226K). Previous studies indicate that these regulators function as tetramers. Here, interconnections between subunits in the crystals prevented the formation of a closed oligomer and highlighted the inherent flexibility of this multidomain regulator. Nevertheless, analysis of subunit interfaces suggested the functional significance of key interactions. The structures of BenM and its variants were nearly identical, implying that transcriptional differences rely on factors beyond major conformational changes defined solely by sequence. Comparisons of BenM with other LTTRs, including unpublished structures in the Protein Data Bank, revealed extensive variation in the relative orientations of DNA-binding domains (DBDs) and effector-binding domains (EBDs). To form dimers, different LTTRs used similar interfaces between two EBDs, each containing two subdomains: EBD-I and EBD-II. Surprisingly, the dimers used three substantially different schemes to form higher-order oligomers. In one scheme used by BenM, oligomer assembly involved contacts between the EBD-II regions and the DBD regions of adjacent subunits. In another scheme, there were no contacts between the EBDs; only the DBDs were involved in tetramer formation. In the third scheme, the oligomer interface involved DBD and EBD-I/EBD-II contacts. These diverse schemes demonstrate novel variation in the oligomeric structures of individual LTTRs within this large and important family.

Ruangprasert, Ajchareeya; Craven, Sarah H.; Neidle, Ellen L.; Momany, Cory (Georgia)

2010-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

334

EXPLICIT-IMPLICIT SCHEME FOR RELATIVISTIC RADIATION HYDRODYNAMICS  

SciTech Connect

We propose an explicit-implicit scheme for numerically solving special relativistic radiation hydrodynamic equations, which ensures a conservation of total energy and momentum (matter and radiation). In our scheme, zeroth and first moment equations of the radiation transfer equation are numerically solved without employing a flux-limited diffusion approximation. For an hyperbolic term, of which the timescale is the light crossing time when the flow velocity is comparable to the speed of light, is explicitly solved using an approximate Riemann solver. Source terms describing an exchange of energy and momentum between the matter and the radiation via the gas-radiation interaction are implicitly integrated using an iteration method. The implicit scheme allows us to relax the Courant-Friedrichs-Lewy condition in optically thick media, where heating/cooling and scattering timescales could be much shorter than the dynamical timescale. We show that our numerical code can pass test problems of one- and two-dimensional radiation energy transport, and one-dimensional radiation hydrodynamics. Our newly developed scheme could be useful for a number of relativistic astrophysical problems. We also discuss how to extend our explicit-implicit scheme to the relativistic radiation magnetohydrodynamics.

Takahashi, Hiroyuki R. [Center for Computational Astrophysics, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)] [Center for Computational Astrophysics, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Ohsuga, Ken; Tomida, Kengo [Division of Theoretical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)] [Division of Theoretical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Sekiguchi, Yuichiro [Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)] [Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Inoue, Tsuyoshi, E-mail: takahashi@cfca.jp [Department of Physics and Mathematics, Aoyama Gakuin University, Fuchinobe, Sagamihara 229-8558 (Japan)] [Department of Physics and Mathematics, Aoyama Gakuin University, Fuchinobe, Sagamihara 229-8558 (Japan)

2013-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

335

JASPER: A PORTABLE FLEXIBLE OPEN-SOURCE SOFTWARE TOOL KIT FOR IMAGE CODING/PROCESSING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

JASPER: A PORTABLE FLEXIBLE OPEN-SOURCE SOFTWARE TOOL KIT FOR IMAGE CODING/PROCESSING Michael D Columbia Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada E-mail: rababw@ece.ubc.ca ABSTRACT JasPer, a portable flexible open (such as JPEG 2000). JasPer is proving to be an extremely useful tool in a wide variety of applications

Adams, Michael D.

336

Perceptual decision processes flexibly adapt to avoid change-of-mind motor costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Perceptual decision processes flexibly adapt to avoid change- of-mind motor costs Jeff Moher dynamically adjust perceptual decision-making processes to avoid high motor costs incurred by a change of mind flexibly adapt to avoid change-of-mind motor costs. Journal of Vision, 14(8):1, 1­13, http

Song, Joo-Hyun

337

misunderstanding the factors shaping species distributions. By building `over fit' models, with excessive flexibility, we  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1267 misunderstanding the factors shaping species distributions. By building `over fit' models, with excessive flexibility, we risk inadvertently ascribing pattern to noise or building opaque models. As such for particular study objectives is challenging. By building `under fit' models, having insufficient flexibility

Zimmermann, Niklaus E.

338

Final Environmental Assessment/ Regulatory Impact Review/ Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis for Amendment 93 to the Fishery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Final Environmental Assessment/ Regulatory Impact Review/ Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Review/Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis analyzing proposed management measures that would apply for Amendment 93 to the Fishery Management Plan for Groundfish of the Gulf of Alaska Chinook Salmon Prohibited

339

Testing a Flexible Method to Reduce False Monsoon Mathew Alexander Stiller-Reeve1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Testing a Flexible Method to Reduce False Monsoon Onsets Mathew Alexander Stiller-Reeve1-based adaptations. Citation: Stiller-Reeve MA, Spengler T, Chu P-S (2014) Testing a Flexible Method to Reduce False Copyright: Ã? 2014 Stiller-Reeve et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms

Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

340

Flexible Hybrid Energy Cell for Simultaneously Harvesting Thermal, Mechanical, and Solar Energies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Flexible Hybrid Energy Cell for Simultaneously Harvesting Thermal, Mechanical, and Solar Energies ... We report the first flexible hybrid energy cell that is capable of simultaneously or individually harvesting thermal, mechanical, and solar energies to power some electronic devices. ... By integrating the NGs and the solar cells, a hybrid energy cell was fabricated to simultaneously harvest three different types of energies. ...

Ya Yang; Hulin Zhang; Guang Zhu; Sangmin Lee; Zong-Hong Lin; Zhong Lin Wang

2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

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341

A Probabilistic-Based Design Model for Achieving Flexibility in Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Probabilistic-Based Design Model for Achieving Flexibility in Design Wei Chen* Assistant manuscript for publication in the ASME Journal of Mechanical Design, September 28, 1998 #12;2 ABSTRACT In this paper we propose the use of a probabilistic-based design model as a basis for providing the flexibility

Chen, Wei

342

Sept. 17, 1989 CONTROL OF A FLEXIBLE ROBOT ARM 1;2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sept. 17, 1989 CONTROL OF A FLEXIBLE ROBOT ARM 1;2 Thomas I. Seidman Department of Mathematics.umbc.edu Abstract We model a flexible robot arm supported at a prismatic joint so the length of (the is considering a free boundary problem. 1. Introduction The original stimulation to consideration of a robot arm

Seidman, Thomas I.

343

Optimal Superpositioning of Flexible Molecule Ensembles Vytautas Gapsys and Bert L. de Groot*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, or intrinsically disordered proteins. When the objective minimizable function is defined as a sum of squaresOptimal Superpositioning of Flexible Molecule Ensembles Vytautas Gapsys and Bert L. de Groot of overall translation and rotation. Particularly for flexible or intrinsically disordered peptides

de Groot, Bert

344

A flexible approach for understanding protein stability D.R. Livesaya,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

while considering ensembles of fluctuating native-like and disordered topologies. Specifically, onlyA flexible approach for understanding protein stability D.R. Livesaya,1 , S. Dallakyanb,1 , G constraint model (DCM) is presented that identifies flexible regions within protein structure consistent

Jacobs, Donald J.

345

Mechanics of thin-film transistors and solar cells on flexible substrates Helena Gleskova*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Mechanics of thin-film transistors and solar cells on flexible substrates Helena Gleskova* , I be minimized throughout the fabrication process. Amorphous silicon thin-film transistors and solar cells, thin-film transistor, solar cell, flexible electronics Phone: (609) 258-4626, Fax: (609) 258-3585, E

346

Introducing Flexible Quantity Contracts into Distributed SoC and Embedded System Design Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introducing Flexible Quantity Contracts into Distributed SoC and Embedded System Design Processes and flexible contracts regulate cooperation and cost distribution. The process ef- fectively delays the design a distributed design process. Today we already find dis- tributed design processes in automotive engineering

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

347

A FLEXIBLE, MODULAR APPROACH TO INTEGRATED SPACE EXPLORATION CAMPAIGN LOGISTICS MODELING, SIMULATION, AND ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A FLEXIBLE, MODULAR APPROACH TO INTEGRATED SPACE EXPLORATION CAMPAIGN LOGISTICS MODELING Students #12;2 A FLEXIBLE, MODULAR APPROACH TO INTEGRATED SPACE EXPLORATION CAMPAIGN LOGISTICS MODELING in Aeronautics and Astronautics #12;3 Abstract A space logistics modeling framework to support space exploration

de Weck, Olivier L.

348

ACC03-ASME0018 Controller Design for Flexible Systems with Friction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ACC03-ASME0018 Controller Design for Flexible Systems with Friction: Linear Programming Approach of friction is presented. A linear program- ming technique for finding an optimal control of linear flexible systems is extended to frictional systems. A floating oscillator is used in the development, where

Singh, Tarunraj

349

Robust and Flexible Error Handling in the AristaFlow BPM Suite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on novel error handling procedures and capabilities using the flexibility provided by ad-hoc changes applications and to study how adaptive process management technology can be applied to deal with errorsRobust and Flexible Error Handling in the AristaFlow BPM Suite Andreas Lanz, Manfred Reichert

Pfeifer, Holger

350

TR-IIS-09-009 EMWF: A Middleware for Flexible  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, autonomous appliances, service robots and robotic helpers for personal and home use, as well as automationTR-IIS-09-009 EMWF: A Middleware for Flexible Automation and Assistive Devices J.W. S. Liu, C. S-009 EMWF: A Middleware for Flexible Automation and Assistive Devices J. W. S. Liu, C. S. Shih, T. S. Chou

Chen, Sheng-Wei

351

Solar: Towards a Flexible and Scalable Data-Fusion Infrastructure for Ubiquitous Computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar: Towards a Flexible and Scalable Data-Fusion Infrastructure for Ubiquitous Computing Guanling applications flexible access to these sources, and yet scale to thousands of devices and sensors. In this pa- per we introduce our proposed infrastructure, Solar. In Solar, information sources produce events. Ap

Kotz, David

352

Electrostatic Operation and Curvature Modeling for a MEMS Flexible Film Actuator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electrostatic Operation and Curvature Modeling for a MEMS Flexible Film Actuator B. Edmonds, Jr.1 Introduction and Motivation The electrostatic flexible film actuator, also known as an "Artificial Eyelid," is a unique MEMS (MicroElectronic Mechanical System) actuator fabricated from polyimide and thin metal films

353

Flexibility and reliability in long-term planning exercises dedicated to the electricity sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flexibility and reliability in long-term planning exercises dedicated to the electricity sector of these options. This paper focuses on the electricity sector and on problems of flexibility and reliability are assessed through the level of electrical losses they induced and a related cost. These approaches

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

354

Subject: Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA): Flexible Benefits HIPAA Privacy Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

defined by HIPAA) of participants in the Flexible Spending Account for Health Care Expenses ("FSA of health care to a participant and that identifies the participant or for which there is a reasonable basisPOLICY Subject: Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA): Flexible Benefits

355

Port-based modeling and simulation of mechanical systems with rigid and flexible links  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a systematic procedure for the definition of the dynamical model in port-Hamiltonian form of mechanical systems is presented as the result of the power-conserving interconnection of a set of basic components (rigid bodies, flexible links, ... Keywords: flexible mechanisms, mechanisms dynamics, modeling, port-Hamiltonian systems, simulation

Alessandro Macchelli; Claudio Melchiorri; Stefano Stramigioli

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Development of a Low Temperature PZT/Polymer Paste for Screen Printed Flexible Electronics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/m. Also, the material has a Young's modulus of 131 MPa and flexible to be exploited in smart effect) [1]. Such smart materials that can be used in sensors, energy harvesters and actuators can be well-exploited in smart-fabrics and flexible electronics applications. Using piezoelectric materials

357

Energy Pyramids: Useful Concepts, Not More Pyramid Schemes | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pyramids: Useful Concepts, Not More Pyramid Schemes Pyramids: Useful Concepts, Not More Pyramid Schemes Energy Pyramids: Useful Concepts, Not More Pyramid Schemes February 8, 2010 - 2:40pm Addthis John Lippert At a December holiday party, the host handed me a newspaper clipping and asked me what I thought of the energy pyramid mentioned in the article. I hadn't read the article, so I told him I would read it and get back to him. Of course, when I found time to look into it, I didn't have the article with me. So I decided to do a little research on energy pyramids on the internet. It turns out that I found several variations on the theme, including the one mentioned in the article handed to me by my friend and neighbor, Larry. The Energy Use Pyramid, featured in the Washington Post article Larry asked about, was designed by architects Peter Pfeiffer and Betsy del Monte. It's

358

Energy Supplier Obligations and White Certificate Schemes: Comparative  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Supplier Obligations and White Certificate Schemes: Comparative Energy Supplier Obligations and White Certificate Schemes: Comparative Analysis of Results in the European Union Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Supplier Obligations and White Certificate Schemes: Comparative Analysis of Results in the European Union Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Socio-Economic Website: eec.ucdavis.edu/ACEEE/2010/data/papers/2178.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/energy-supplier-obligations-and-white Language: English Policies: "Regulations,Financial Incentives" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. Regulations: Mandates/Targets This paper examines the ways different European Union (EU) member states,

359

Quantum teleportation scheme by selecting one of multiple output ports  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The scheme of quantum teleportation, where Bob has multiple (N) output ports and obtains the teleported state by simply selecting one of the N ports, is thoroughly studied. We consider both deterministic version and probabilistic version of the teleportation scheme aiming to teleport an unknown state of a qubit. Moreover, we consider two cases for each version: (i) the state employed for the teleportation is fixed to a maximally entangled state, and (ii) the state is also optimized as well as Alice's measurement. We analytically determine the optimal protocols for all the four cases, and show the corresponding optimal fidelity or optimal success probability. All these protocols can achieve the perfect teleportation in the asymptotic limit of $N\\to\\infty$. The entanglement properties of the teleportation scheme are also discussed.

Satoshi Ishizaka; Tohya Hiroshima

2009-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

360

Realization schemes for quantum instruments in finite dimensions  

SciTech Connect

We present a general dilation scheme for quantum instruments with continuous outcome space in finite dimensions, in terms of a measurement on a finite-dimensional ancilla, described by a positive operator valued measure (POVM). The general result is then applied to a large class of instruments generated by operator frames, which contains group-covariant instruments as a particular case and allows one to construct dilation schemes based on a measurement on the ancilla followed by a conditional feed-forward operation on the output. In the case of tight operator frames, our construction generalizes quantum teleportation and telecloning, producing a whole family of generalized teleportation schemes in which the instrument is realized via a joint POVM at the sender combined with a conditional feed-forward operation at the receiver.

Chiribella, Giulio; Perinotti, Paolo [QUIT Group, Dipartimento di Fisica 'A. Volta', Universita' di Pavia, via Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Pavia (Italy); D'Ariano, Giacomo Mauro [QUIT Group, Dipartimento di Fisica 'A. Volta', Universita' di Pavia, via Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Pavia (Italy); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Center for Photonic Communication and Computing, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States)

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flexible subsidy scheme" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

On triangular lattice Boltzmann schemes for scalar problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose to extend the d'Humi\\'eres version of the lattice Boltzmann scheme to triangular meshes. We use Bravais lattices or more general lattices with the property that the degree of each internal vertex is supposed to be constant. On such meshes, it is possible to define the lattice Boltzmann scheme as a discrete particle method, without need of finite volume formulation or Delaunay-Voronoi hypothesis for the lattice. We test this idea for the heat equation and perform an asymptotic analysis with the Taylor expansion method for two schemes named D2T4 and D2T7. The results show a convergence up to second order accuracy and set new questions concerning a possible super-convergence.

Dubois, François

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Frictional Cooling Scheme for Use in a Muon Collider  

SciTech Connect

The Muon Group at the MPI for Physics, Munich is investigating frictional cooling as a fast muon-beam emittance reduction scheme for a muon collider. A new simulation package, CoolSim, based on Geant4 has been developed for the simulation of low-energy beam cooling. New physics processes for low energy muons and protons have been implemented in the Geant4 framework. The group's Frictional Cooling Demonstration experiment aims to verify the principle of the cooling scheme. For this purpose, a 10-cm-long cooling cell has been constructed to test simulation of the energy loss and scattering mechanisms at low energy. This paper contains an introduction to a muon-collider frictional cooling scheme and the status of the demonstration experiment.

Greenwald, Daniel; Caldwell, Allen [Max-Planck-Insitut fuer Physik, Foehringer Ring 6, 80805 Munich (Germany); Bao, Yu [Max-Planck-Insitut fuer Physik, Foehringer Ring 6, 80805 Munich (Germany); Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China)

2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

363

An efficient certificateless two-party authenticated key agreement scheme from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-based cryptography. Key agreement(KA) schemes are designed to provide secure communications between two or more proposed. However, these schemes need to compute at least one pairing on-line. In order to improve to finished the key agreement. Our scheme's overhead is lower than that of previous schemes [3

364

Predicting Ignition Delay for Gas Turbine Fuel Flexibility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ignition Delay for Ignition Delay for Gas Turbine Fuel Flexibility 15 μm * Low emission combustion systems have been carefully optimized for natural gas * Future fuel diversity (including H2 containing fuels) may generate auto-ignition damage * Existing theories vary in predicting propensity for auto-ignition damage * Theory A vs Theory B shows factor of 100 difference-which is right? * UC Irvine improved and validated design tools for ignition delay allow designers to evaluate the risk for auto-ignition in advanced combustion systems with future fuels * Models are available to engine OEM's to shorten design cycle time and save $$ UC Irvine Scott Samuelsen / Vince McDonell #112 1000/T (1/K) 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 τ [O 2 ] 0.5 [F] 0.25 (sec(mol/cm 3 ) 0.75 ) 10 -10 10 -9 10 -8 10 -7 10 -6 10 -5

365

Recovery of flexible polyurethane foam from shredder residue.  

SciTech Connect

Argonne National Laboratory has developed a patented, continuous process for the recovery of flexible polyurethane foam (PUF) from auto shredder residue (ASR). To test the process, Argonne researchers conceived of, designed, and built a continuous foam washing and drying system that was pilot-tested at a shredder facility for six months. Economic analysis of the process, using manufacturers' quotes and operating data from Argonne's pilot plant, indicates a payback of less than two years for a plant producing about 1,000 ton/yr of foam. Samples of clean foam were shipped to three major foam reprocessors; all three indicated that the quality of the PUF recovered by the Argonne process met their requirements. Tests of the recovered foam by an independent testing laboratory showed that the recycled foam met the specifications for several automotive applications, including carpet padding, headliner, and sound-suppression support materials. Recovery of foam reduces the mass and the volume of material going to the landfill by about 5% and 30%, respectively. Annually, recovery will save about 1.2 x 10{sup 12} Btu of energy, cut the amount of solid waste being landfilled by about 150,000 tons, and eliminate the emission of about 250 tons of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) into the air.

Daniels, E. J.; Jody, b. J.

1999-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

366

Power and Memory Efficient Hashing Schemes for Some Network Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and requires 1.8 times memory compared to TCAM-based and trie-based IP lookup schemes, respectively. In dissertation, a multi-tiered packet classifier has been proposed that saves at most 3.2 times power compared to the existing parallel packet classifier...

Yu, Heeyeol

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

367

Ris-R-Report Support Schemes and Ownership Structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to its potential contribution to energy savings, efficiency gains, customer proximity comments on this report. The FC4Home Project (FC4Home ­ SocioEconomic and Energy Systems AnalysisRisø-R-Report Support Schemes and Ownership Structures The Policy Context for Fuel Cell Based Micro

368

A Robust Solution Searching Scheme in Genetic Shigeyoshi Tsutsui1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of aerospace control system, nuclear power control system, where a kind of robustness against the perturbation of the environmental features are important. In nature, the phenotypic feature of an organism is determined from develop a genetic search scheme which can produce robust solutions. The proposed approach uses the effect

Tsutsui, Shigeyoshi

369

Uniformly Accurate Diffusive Relaxation Schemes for Multiscale Transport Equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, radiative transfer, and transport equations for waves in random media, have a diffusive scaling that leads #12; 1. Introduction Many transport equations, such as the neutron transport [CZ], radiative transferUniformly Accurate Diffusive Relaxation Schemes for Multiscale Transport Equations Shi JIN y

370

Comparison of coarsening schemes for multilevel graph partitioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison of coarsening schemes for multilevel graph partitioning C´edric Chevalier1 and Ilya Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA, safro@mcs.anl.gov Abstract. Graph partitioning is a well-known optimization as a process of graph topology learning at different scales in order to generate a better approx- imation

Safro, Ilya

371

On thermodynamically consistent schemes for phase field equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and at the phase change front. A somewhat different approach of Charach and Zemel [2] combines bal- ance equationsOn thermodynamically consistent schemes for phase field equations C. Charach and P. C. Fife thermodynamics. The principal applications are to the solidification of a pure material and of a binary alloy

Fife, Paul

372

* Corresponding author. AN INTERACTIVE SCHEME FOR BUILDING MODELING USING THE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

* Corresponding author. AN INTERACTIVE SCHEME FOR BUILDING MODELING USING THE SPLIT modeling is the 3D building model. It is essential in many applications, such as 3D GIS, cyber city, true-orthophoto generation, etc. Due to the huge demand of 3D building model, an effective solution for geometrical building

Salvaggio, Carl

373

ICST Transactions Preprint Cooperation Scheme For Distributed Spectrum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ICST Transactions Preprint Cooperation Scheme For Distributed Spectrum Sensing In Cognitive Radio, Philadelphia, PA 19122 Abstract Spectrum sensing is an essential phase in cognitive radio networks (CRNs). It enables secondary users (SUs) to access licensed spectrum, which is temporarily not occupied

Wu, Jie

374

RIS: A Reciprocal Incentive Scheme in Selfish Opportunistic Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Data dissemination in opportunistic networks has been extensively studied in recent years. In the resource-constrained opportunistic networks (e.g., the buffer size, the communication bandwidth and the energy of nodes are scarce), the nodes usually behave ... Keywords: Channel, Incentive scheme, Opportunistic networks, Selfish

Guangsong Zhao; Ming Chen; Xianglin Wei

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Energy Efficiency of Encryption Schemes Applied to Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Efficiency of Encryption Schemes Applied to Wireless Sensor Networks Xueying Zhang, Howard M (ICC 2010), Cape Town, South Africa, May 2010, and "Energy Efficiency of Symmetric Key Cryptographic In this paper, we focus on the energy efficiency of secure communication in wireless sensor networks (WSNs). Our

Heys, Howard

376

A new blowdown compensation scheme for boiler leak detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

considers the blowdown effect in industrial boiler operation. This adds to the efficiency of recent advances tubes. In utility boilers, early de- tection of leaks is primarily a financial issue. High velocityA new blowdown compensation scheme for boiler leak detection A. M. Pertew ,1 X. Sun ,1 R. Kent

Marquez, Horacio J.

377

Smart pricing scheme: A multi-layered scoring rule application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Defining appropriate pricing strategy for smart environment is important and complex task at the same time. It holds the primal fraction in Demand Response (DR) program. In our work, we devise an incentive based smart dynamic pricing scheme for consumers ... Keywords: Demand response, Energy management, Incentive design, Scoring rule, Smart grid

Shantanu Chakraborty; Takayuki Ito; Tomonobu Senjyu

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

A congestion control scheme for wireless sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the number of non-empty queues; (ii) On-demand midway non-binary explicit congestion notification (CN) feedback; and (iii) Adaptive rate control based on additive increase and multiplicative decrease (AIMD). This scheme has been implemented in ns2. Extensive...

Xiong, Yunli

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

379

A Secure Electronic Payment Scheme for Charity Donations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. In this paper we investigate the business need for an internet charity donation scheme, identify the security this donation. The amount of donation is the same regardless of their income. On the other hand, the Internet and e-commerce are changing individual lives considerably. The Internet excels at facilitating

Mitchell, Chris

380

Beyond first-order finite element schemes in micromagnetics  

SciTech Connect

Magnetization dynamics in ferromagnetic materials is ruled by the Landau–Lifshitz–Gilbert equation (LLG). Reliable schemes must conserve the magnetization norm, which is a nonconvex constraint, and be energy-decreasing unless there is pumping. Some of the authors previously devised a convergent finite element scheme that, by choice of an appropriate test space – the tangent plane to the magnetization – reduces to a linear problem at each time step. The scheme was however first-order in time. We claim it is not an intrinsic limitation, and the same approach can lead to efficient micromagnetic simulation. We show how the scheme order can be increased, and the nonlocal (magnetostatic) interactions be tackled in logarithmic time, by the fast multipole method or the non-uniform fast Fourier transform. Our implementation is called feeLLGood. A test-case of the National Institute of Standards and Technology is presented, then another one relevant to spin-transfer effects (the spin-torque oscillator)

Kritsikis, E., E-mail: kritsikis@math.univ-paris13.fr [Laboratoire d'analyse, géométrie et applications, université Paris 13, CNRS UMR 7539, 93430 Villetaneuse (France); Vaysset, A.; Buda-Prejbeanu, L.D. [SPINTEC, INAC, UMR CEA/CNRS/UJF-Grenoble 1/Grenoble-INP, F-38054 Grenoble (France)] [SPINTEC, INAC, UMR CEA/CNRS/UJF-Grenoble 1/Grenoble-INP, F-38054 Grenoble (France); Alouges, F. [CMAP, CNRS and École polytechnique, F-91128 Palaiseau (France)] [CMAP, CNRS and École polytechnique, F-91128 Palaiseau (France); Toussaint, J.-C. [Institut Néel, CNRS and université Joseph Fourier, F-38042 Grenoble (France)] [Institut Néel, CNRS and université Joseph Fourier, F-38042 Grenoble (France)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flexible subsidy scheme" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

A numerical magnetohydrodynamic scheme using the hydrostatic approximation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......non-magnetic variables. Note that this diagram gives no information regarding the vertical...5 SUMMARY We have described a numerical MHD scheme designed to model phenomena in gravitationally...Nordlunda., GalsgaardK., 1995, A 3D MHD Code for Parallel Computers, Technical......

Jonathan Braithwaite; Yuri Cavecchi

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

382

A new microturbine-based dispersed generation scheme  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Almost all of the commercial microturbine-based dispersed generation systems today are composed of a high-speed permanent-magnet alternator and a diode rectifier-PWM inverter pair. A dispersed generation scheme â?? made up of a microturbine, an induction generator, and a diode rectifier-PWM inverter pair â?? is introduced in this paper. A complete model for the self-excited squirrel-cage induction generator is developed and used to study the steady-state and transient behaviours of the overall system. The power delivered to the grid is controlled by an injected current control loop. The input/output power balance is maintained by regulating the DC-bus voltage using a new method based on the torque control of microturbine. Analysis shows that the Simulink simulation results of induction generator is a viable substitute for permanent magnet alternator in microturbine-based dispersed generation systems due to its low cost, low maintenance, rugged structure, and slack between rotor speed and terminal frequency, which isolates the transients of the grid from the generator system when the DC-bus capacitor size is reduced. Both schemes have been simulated and the simulation results are presented to compare the proposed scheme based on induction generator with the present microturbine-based dispersed generation scheme based on synchronous machine.

Afshin Majd; Mehrdad Kazerani

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Coupling schemes for modeling hydraulic fracture propagation using the XFEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coupling schemes for modeling hydraulic fracture propagation using the XFEM Elizaveta Gordeliy of hydraulic fractures in an elastic medium. With appropriate enrichment, the XFEM resolves the Neumann(h) accuracy. For hydraulic fracture problems with a lag separating the uid front from the fracture front, we

Peirce, Anthony

384

Hybrid Search Schemes for Unstructured Peer-to-Peer Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

network is not regular [1]. In addition, flooding has poor granularity [2], [3]. Simulating a random walk of the random walk simulation method appears to be better than the performance of flooding. In addition in terms of number of hits, network overhead, and response time. Our schemes combine flooding and random

Mihail, Milena

385

A Scheme-Based Closed-Loop Anesthesia System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many aspects of modern medicine, including the administration of anesthetic agents during general surgery, remain unautomated and reliant on the vigilance of the attending clinicians. In other fields where failures can have catastrophic consequences, ... Keywords: Scheme, anesthesia, application programming, closed-loop control, cross-platform development, functional programming, medical systems

C. L. Petersen, M. Görges, J. M. Ansermino, G. A. Dumont

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

A Data Partitioning Scheme for Spatial Regression Slobodan Vucetic1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Data Partitioning Scheme for Spatial Regression Slobodan Vucetic1 , Tim Fiez2 and Zoran Obradovic dealing with agricultural problems characterized with strong spatial data correlation. A sim- ple spatial better generalization is proposed. Also, integration of predictors formed from spatially partitioned data

Vucetic, Slobodan

387

Project Research and Development (PRD) scheme Guidance for Academic Applicants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Project Research and Development (PRD) scheme ­ Guidance for Academic Applicants Contents science and technology leadership in future Science and Technology Facility Council projects and gives and development projects which enable STFC to deliver the science programme objectives in the areas of particle

388

Project Research and Development (PRD) scheme Guidance for Applicants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Project Research and Development (PRD) scheme ­ Guidance for Applicants Contents Contents science and technology leadership in future Science and Technology Facility Council projects and gives and development projects which enable STFC to deliver the science programme objectives in the areas of particle

389

From robotic arms to mobile manipulation: on coordinated motion schemes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From robotic arms to mobile manipulation: on coordinated motion schemes V. Padois , J.-Y. Fourquet. It is compared with the classical kinematic modelling of robotic arms. In particular, it is shown that many tools of organization are due to the inherently bounded workspace of classic robotic arms or auto- matic machines

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

390

RELIABILITY OF SAMPLING INSPECTION SCHEMES APPLIED TO REPLACEMENT STEAM GENERATORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RELIABILITY OF SAMPLING INSPECTION SCHEMES APPLIED TO REPLACEMENT STEAM GENERATORS Guy Roussel on the uninspected part of the tubing. 1 INTRODUCTION In Pressurized Water Reactors, a program of periodic in for determining the percentage of tubes sampled is to provide, by means of a statistical analysis, an equation

Cizelj, Leon

391

An Unconditionally Stable Rotational Velocity-Correction Scheme ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy can be proven to be bounded at each time step [32, 20]. The fully ... schemes, often referred to in the literature as projection methods, are attractive in terms of computational efficiency ...... forever; It does not change in intensity or disappear, even after a very long-time simulation. .... We plan in the future to explore to.

392

National Forest Land Scheme case study Kilfinan Community Forest Company  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;The hill grazing land that became Acharossan Forest was acquired by the Forestry Commission in 1963National Forest Land Scheme case study Kilfinan Community Forest Company: Acharossan Forest The applicant Kilfinan Community Forest Company (KCFC) is a charitable company limited by guarantee established

393

Security of graph data: hashing schemes and definitions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Use of graph-structured data models is on the rise - in graph databases, in representing biological and healthcare data as well as geographical data. In order to secure graph-structured data, and develop cryptographically secure schemes for graph databases, ... Keywords: graphs, hash functions, integrity, perfectly secure hash functions, privacy

Muhammad U. Arshad, Ashish Kundu, Elisa Bertino, Krishna Madhavan, Arif Ghafoor

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

A Distributed and Efficient Flooding Scheme Using 1-Hop Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Distributed and Efficient Flooding Scheme Using 1-Hop Information in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Hai Liu, Xiaohua Jia, Senior Member, IEEE, Peng-Jun Wan, Xinxin Liu, and Frances F. Yao Abstract--Flooding of flooding suffers from the problems of excessive redundancy of messages, resource contention, and signal

Jia, Xiaohua

395

A Debugging Scheme for Declarative Equation Based Modeling Languages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and simulation, a number of object-oriented and/or declarative acausal modeling languages have emerged languages. Since these languages usually are based on object- orientation and acausal physical modelingA Debugging Scheme for Declarative Equation Based Modeling Languages Peter Bunus and Peter Fritzson

Burns, Peter

396

A Debugging Scheme for Declarative Equation Based Modeling Languages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and simulation, a number of object-oriented and/or declarative acausal modeling languages have emerged equation based modeling languages. Since these languages usually are based on object- orientationA Debugging Scheme for Declarative Equation Based Modeling Languages Peter Bunus, Peter Fritzson

Zhao, Yuxiao

397

UNEP scheme to bring power to Pakistan's villages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Natural Resources, Energy and Transport in New York, the scheme is designed to harness solar energy, wind power and village bio-mass to generate electrical power on a suitable ... will be dependent on local geography and the local potential of renewable energy sources, especially solar, wind and water power and bio-mass. Bio-mass will be fermented to produce ...

Azim Kidwai

1978-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

398

FLEXIBILITY IN WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT: REVIEW OF CONCEPTS AND DEVELOPMENT OF ASSESSMENT MEASURES FOR FLOOD MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FLEXIBILITY IN WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT: REVIEW OF CONCEPTS AND DEVELOPMENT OF ASSESSMENT around adapting water management systems to climate change often express the need to increase system it means to have a flexible water management system, what features of a system make it more flexible than

Tullos, Desiree

399

224 Gemeente Groningen: Meer Subsidie, Minder Aanbesteden  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

SP-Raadslid Ria Rademaker wil samen met gemeenteraadsfracties van GroenLinks en de PvdA dat de gemeente Groningen kiest voor subsidierelaties met instellingen in plaats...

   

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Subsidies and Market Mechanisms in Energy Policy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The promotion of renewable energy sources is seen as a good alternative ... focuses on incentive mechanisms designed to sustain renewable energy technologies in a liberalized and competitive electricity market. A...

Giancarlo Pireddu

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flexible subsidy scheme" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Computation of structural flexibility for bridge health monitoring using ambient modal data  

SciTech Connect

Issues surrounding the use of ambient vibration modes for the location of structural damage via dynamically measured flexibility are examined. Several methods for obtaining the required mass- normalized dynamic mode shapes from ambient modal data are implemented and compared. The method are applied to data from a series of ambient modal tests on an actual highway bridge. Results indicate that for the damage case examined, the flexibility from the ambient mode shapes gave a better indication of damage than the flexibility from the forced-vibration mode shapes. This improved performance is attributed to the higher excitation load levels that occur during the ambient test.

Doebling, S.W.; Farrar, C.R.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Flexible gas insulated transmission line having regions of reduced electric field  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas insulated transmission line having radially flexible field control means for reducing the electric field along the periphery of the inner conductor at predetermined locations wherein the support insulators are located. The radially flexible field control means of the invention includes several structural variations of the inner conductor, wherein careful controlling of the length to depth of surface depressions produces regions of reduced electric field. Several embodiments of the invention dispose a flexible connector at the predetermined location along the inner conductor where the surface depressions that control the reduced electric field are located.

Cookson, Alan H. (Pittsburgh, PA); Fischer, William H. (Wilkins Township, Allegheny County, PA); Yoon, Kue H. (Pittsburgh, PA); Meyer, Jeffry R. (Penn Hills Township, Allegheny County, PA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

A flexible scintillation light apparatus for rare event searches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compelling experimental evidences of neutrino oscillations and their implication that neutrinos are massive particles have given neutrinoless double beta decay a central role in astroparticle physics. In fact, the discovery of this elusive decay would be a major breakthrough, unveiling that neutrino and antineutrino are the same particle and that the lepton number is not conserved. It would also impact our efforts to establish the absolute neutrino mass scale and, ultimately, understand elementary particle interaction unification. All current experimental programs to search for neutrinoless double beta decay are facing with the technical and financial challenge of increasing the experimental mass while maintaining incredibly low levels of spurious background. The new concept described in this paper could be the answer which combines all the features of an ideal experiment: energy resolution, low cost mass scalability, isotope choice flexibility and many powerful handles to make the background negligible. The proposed technology is based on the use of arrays of silicon detectors cooled to 120 K to optimize the collection of the scintillation light emitted by ultra-pure crystals. It is shown that with a 54 kg array of natural CaMoO4 scintillation detectors of this type it is possible to yield a competitive sensitivity on the half-life of the neutrinoless double beta decay of 100Mo as high as ~10E24 years in only one year of data taking. The same array made of 40CaMoO4 scintillation detectors (to get rid of the continuous background coming from the two neutrino double beta decay of 48Ca) will instead be capable of achieving the remarkable sensitivity of ~10E25 years on the half-life of 100Mo neutrinoless double beta decay in only one year of measurement.

Valter Bonvicini; Silvia Capelli; Oliviero Cremonesi; Giacomo Cucciati; Luca Gironi; Maura Pavan; Ezio Previtali; Monica Sisti

2014-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

404

Flexible electrode belt for EIT using nanofiber web dry electrodes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Efficient connection of multiple electrodes to the body for impedance measurement and voltage monitoring applications is of critical importance to measurement quality and practicality. Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) experiments have generally required a cumbersome procedure to attach the multiple electrodes needed in EIT. Once placed, these electrodes must then maintain good contact with the skin during measurements that may last several hours. There is usually also the need to manage the wires that run between the electrodes and the EIT system. These problems become more severe as the number of electrodes increases, and may limit the practicality and portability of this imaging method. There have been several trials describing human–electrode interfaces using configurations such as electrode belts, helmets or rings. In this paper, we describe an electrode belt we developed for long-term EIT monitoring of human lung ventilation. The belt included 16 embossed electrodes that were designed to make good contact with the skin. The electrodes were fabricated using an Ag-plated PVDF nanofiber web and metallic threads. A large contact area and padding were used behind each electrode to improve subject comfort and reduce contact impedances. The electrodes were incorporated, equally spaced, into an elasticated fabric belt. We tested the electrode belt in conjunction with the KHU Mark1 multi-frequency EIT system, and demonstrate time-difference images of phantoms and human subjects during normal breathing and running. We found that the Ag-plated PVDF nanofiber web electrodes were suitable for long-term measurement because of their flexibility and durability. Moreover, the contact impedance and stability of the Ag-plated PVDF nanofiber web electrodes were found to be comparable to similarly tested Ag/AgCl electrodes.

Tong In Oh; Tae Eui Kim; Sun Yoon; Kap Jin Kim; Eung Je Woo; Rosalind J Sadleir

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Quantitative prediction of 3D solution shape and flexibility of nucleic acid nanostructures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DNA nanotechnology enables the programmed synthesis of intricate nanometer-scale structures for diverse applications in materials and biological science. Precise control over the 3D solution shape and mechanical flexibility ...

Kilchherr, F.

406

Towards Flexible and High-Level Modeling and Enacting of Processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Process modeling and enacting concepts are at the center of workflow management. Support for heterogeneous processes, flexibility, reuse, and distribution are great challenges for the design of the next generation process modeling languages and their ...

Gregor Joeris; Otthein Herzog

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Impact of Generator Flexibility on Electric System Costs and Integration of Renewable Energy  

SciTech Connect

Flexibility of traditional generators plays an important role in accommodating the increased variability and uncertainty of wind and solar on the electric power system. Increased flexibility can be achieved with changes to operational practices or upgrades to existing generation. One challenge is in understanding the value of increasing flexibility, and how this value may change given higher levels of variable generation. This study uses a commercial production cost model to measure the impact of generator flexibility on the integration of wind and solar generators. We use a system that is based on two balancing areas in the Western United States with a range of wind and solar penetrations between 15% and 60%, where instantaneous penetration of wind and solar is limited to 80%.

Palchak, D.; Denholm, P.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Abstract--Flexible spectrum sharing is widely seen to be important feature for the future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

systems. Efficient implementation of spectrum sharing requires novel radio resource management (RRM the spectrum sharing with systems using other radio access technologies. The proposed architecture provides. Index Terms -- Beyond 3G systems, flexible spectrum use, radio resource management, spectrum sharing

409

FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT / FINAL REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW / INITIAL REGULATORY FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT / FINAL REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW / INITIAL REGULATORY FLEXIBILITY ..............................................................................................16 2 REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW ANALYSIS for Amendment 83 to the Fishery Management Plan for Groundfish of the Gulf of Alaska ALLOCATION

410

MnO2-Based Electrochemical Supercapacitors on Flexible Carbon Substrates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Manganese dioxide films were grown on large area flexible carbon aerogel substrates. Characterization by x-ray diffraction confirmed ?-MnO2 growth. Three types of films were compared as a function of hexamethylen...

Marko J. Tadjer; Michael A. Mastro; José M. Rojo…

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

High Altitude Wind Power Systems: A Survey on Flexible Power Kites Mariam Ahmed*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Altitude Wind Power Systems: A Survey on Flexible Power Kites Mariam Ahmed* Grenoble wind power using a kite-based system, and the proposed structures *Corresponding author Mariam.AHMED@g2

Boyer, Edmond

412

Attaching solar collectors to a structural framework utilizing a flexible clip  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods and apparatuses described herein provide for the attachment of solar collectors to a structural framework in a solar array assembly. A flexible clip is attached to either end of each solar collector and utilized to attach the solar collector to the structural framework. The solar collectors are positioned to allow a member of the framework to engage a pair of flexible clips attached to adjacent solar collectors during assembly of the solar array. Each flexible clip may have multiple frame-engaging portions, each with a flange on one end to cause the flexible clip to deflect inward when engaged by the framework member during assembly and to guide each of the frame-engaging portions into contact with a surface of the framework member for attachment.

Kruse, John S

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

413

Implementation of RFID in a low volume high flexibility assembly plant : item-level tagging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The implementation of an RFID checkpoint system in a low volume high flexibility assembly plant, aimed at tracking the flow of parts within the facility, was studied. A pilot revealed the suitability of the technology to ...

Koniski, Cyril (Cyril A.)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

A computer-integrated FMEA for dynamic supply chains in a flexible-based environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Quality management (QM) for dynamic supply chains (DSCs) in a flexible-based environment has received increasing attention in current business environment. This study focuses on the development of an QM tool, bas...

Lu Gan; Jiuping Xu; Bernard T. Han

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

“CON-CON” assignment strategy for highly flexible intrinsically disordered proteins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) are a class of highly flexible proteins whose characterization by NMR spectroscopy is complicated...1H-detected 5D experiments, (HACA)CON(CACO)NCO(CA)HA, BT-(H)NCO(CAN)CON...

Alessandro Piai; Tomáš Hošek; Leonardo Gonnelli…

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Finite element simulation and parameter optimization of a flexible tactile pressure sensor array  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A finite element model was developed to optimize design of a flexible tactile sensor. The sensor consists of layers of thin-film copper and PDMS, and the model can be used to determine the effects on sensor sensitivity and ...

Lee, Shira M. (Shira Miriam)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

FABRICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF 3-D ALL POLYMER FLEXIBLE SOLAR CELL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

....................................................................................3 2 LITERATURE SURVEY ON THIN FILM ANDORGANIC/TANDEM SOLAR CELL........................................................................7 2.3 Thin Film Solar CellFABRICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF 3-D ALL POLYMER FLEXIBLE SOLAR CELL _______________ A Thesis

Kassegne, Samuel Kinde

418

Stochastic Modeling of Future Highway Maintenance Costs for Flexible Type Highway Pavement Construction Projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that affect pavement performances; 2) develop a stochastic model that predicts future maintenance costs of flexible-type pavement in Texas. The study data were gathered through the Pavement Management Information System (PMIS) containing more than 190...

Kim, Yoo Hyun

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

419

Centralizing Data Management with Considerations of Uncertainty and Information-Based Flexibility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper applies the theory of real options to analyze how the value of information-based flexibility should affect the decision to centralize or decentralize data management under low and high uncertainty. This study ...

Velu, Chander K.

420

A configuration and analysis for damping oscillations in flexible robotic arms using passive elements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A hardware configuration that reduces excessive oscillation in flexible robotic arms is presented and analyzed. An experimental apparatus was constructed and proved to effectively damp unwanted oscillations using passive components. Equations...

Compere, Marc Damon

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flexible subsidy scheme" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Flexible design : an innovative approach for planning water infrastructure systems under uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops a framework for a flexible design approach to support decision-making in water supply infrastructure planning. It contrasts with a conventional, deterministic planning approach that uses past data or ...

Wong, Melanie Kathleen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Flexible cobalt-phthalocyanine thin films with high charge carrier mobility  

SciTech Connect

The structural and charge transport characteristics of cobalt phthalocyanine (CoPc) films deposited on flexible bi-axially oriented polyethylene terephthalate (BOPET) substrates are investigated. CoPc films exhibited a preferential (200) orientation with charge carrier mobility of {approx}118 cm{sup 2} V{sup -1} s{sup -1} (at 300 K). These films exhibited a reversible resistance changes upon bending them to different radius of curvature. The charge transport in CoPc films is governed by a bias dependent crossover from ohmic (J-V) to trap-free space-charge limited conduction (J-V{sup 2}). These results demonstrate that CoPc films on flexible BOPET having high mobility and high mechanical flexibility are a potential candidate for flexible electronic devices.

Singh, Ajay [Technical Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai 400 085 (India); Universite Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cite, ITODYS, UMR 7086, CNRS F-75013 Paris (France); Kumar, Arvind; Kumar, Ashwini; Samanta, Soumen; Debnath, Anil K.; Jha, Purushottam; Prasad, Rajeshwar; Aswal, Dinesh K.; Gupta, Shiv K. [Technical Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai 400 085 (India); Salmi, Zakaria; Nowak, Sophie; Chehimi, Mohamed M. [Universite Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cite, ITODYS, UMR 7086, CNRS F-75013 Paris (France)

2012-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

423

Flexible engine control system for the development of innovative combustion processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Daimler, IAV and Etas present a flexible engine control system for the development of innovative combustion processes. The functionality of conventional indication systems has ... important step in forwarding the...

Dr. Josef Steuer; Dr. Michael Mladek; Christian Dengler…

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Numerical investigation of the flow-body interaction of thin flexible foils and ambient flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flow-induced flapping of flexible thin bodies is oft observed in our day-to-day lives in phenomena such as flag flapping, and is important in a host of engineering applications. Despite its prevalence, however, this ...

Connell, Benjamin S. H

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Prevent injuries and increase your performance with appropriate bicycle fitting, flexibility, stability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prevent injuries and increase your performance with appropriate bicycle fitting, flexibility, stability and technique. Explore the interplay between bicycle position and body mechanics. Tests performed in the UC Davis Sports Medicine Laboratory include Bicycle Fitting, Torque Analysis and Physiological Tests

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

426

A Simple Sequential Spectrum Sensing Scheme for Cognitive Radio  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cognitive radio that supports a secondary and opportunistic access to licensed spectrum shows great potential to dramatically improve spectrum utilization. Spectrum sensing performed by secondary users to detect unoccupied spectrum bands, is a key enabling technique for cognitive radio. This paper proposes a truncated sequential spectrum sensing scheme, namely the sequential shifted chi-square test (SSCT). The SSCT has a simple test statistic and does not rely on any deterministic knowledge about primary signals. As figures of merit, the exact false-alarm probability is derived, and the miss-detection probability as well as the average sample number (ASN) are evaluated by using a numerical integration algorithm. Corroborating numerical examples show that, in comparison with fixed-sample size detection schemes such as energy detection, the SSCT delivers considerable reduction on the ASN while maintaining a comparable detection performance.

Xin, Yan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Vorticity Preserving Flux Corrected Transport Scheme for the Acoustic Equations  

SciTech Connect

Long term research goals are to develop an improved cell-centered Lagrangian Hydro algorithm with the following qualities: 1. Utilizes Flux Corrected Transport (FCT) to achieve second order accuracy with multidimensional physics; 2. Does not rely on the one-dimensional Riemann problem; and 3. Implements a form of vorticity control. Short term research goals are to devise and implement a 2D vorticity preserving FCT solver for the acoustic equations on an Eulerian mesh: 1. Develop a flux limiting mechanism for systems of governing equations with symmetric wave speeds; 2. Verify the vorticity preserving properties of the scheme; and 3. Compare the performance of the scheme to traditional MUSCL-Hancock and other algorithms.

Lung, Tyler B. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Roe, Phil [University of Michigan; Morgan, Nathaniel R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

428

An iterative semi-implicit scheme with robust damping  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An efficient, iterative semi-implicit (SI) numerical method for the time integration of stiff wave systems is presented. Physics-based assumptions are used to derive a convergent iterative formulation of the SI scheme which enables the monitoring and ... Keywords: 52.30Ex, 52.35Hr, 52.35Py, 52.35Vd, 52.65Tt, Dispersive plasma waves, Gyrofluid, Magnetic reconnection, Robust damping, Semi-implicit methods, Symplectic methods

N. F. Loureiro; G. W. Hammett

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

SPEC 95fp tomcatv OSCAR A Local Memory Management Scheme  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

grain task parallel processing. In the evaluation using SPEC 95fp tomcatv, the proposed scheme using 8 Conditional Branch 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 (b) Macro Task Graph (MTG)(a) Macro Flow Graph (MFG) 2),14) 12),14) (MTG)12),14) 2 4.1 RB RB PG 4.2 3.3 (PG) PG 2 #12;PG 4.4 4 OSCAR (Target Loop Group: TLG

Kasahara, Hironori

430

Interim Action Determination Flexible Manufacturing Capability for the Mixed Fuel Fabrication Facility (MFFF)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flexible Manufacturing Capability for the Mixed Fuel Fabrication Facility (MFFF) Flexible Manufacturing Capability for the Mixed Fuel Fabrication Facility (MFFF) The Department of Energy (DOE) is preparing the Surplus Plutonium Disposition Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (SPD SEIS), DOE/EIS-0283-S2. DOE is evaluating, among many other things, the environmental impacts of any design and operations changes to the MFFF, which is under construction at the Savannah River Site near Aiken, South Carolina. DOE

431

Conformational stability, flexibility, and steady-state activity of Ribonuclease T1 variants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONFORMATIONAL STABILITY, FLEXIBILITY, AND STEADY ? STATE ACTIVITY OF RIBONUCLEASE T1 VARIANTS A Thesis by BRIAN JUDSON HUBBARD Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1995 Major Subject: Chemistry CONFORMATIONAL STABILITY, FLEXIBILITY, AND STEADY ? STATE ACTIVITY OF RIBONUCLEASE Tl VARIANTS A Thesis by BRIAN JUDSON HUBBARD Submitted to Texas A8dVl University in partial...

Hubbard, Brian Judson

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

432

Interim Action Determination Flexible Manufacturing Capability for the Mixed Fuel Fabrication Facility (MFFF)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Flexible Manufacturing Capability for the Mixed Fuel Fabrication Facility (MFFF) Flexible Manufacturing Capability for the Mixed Fuel Fabrication Facility (MFFF) The Department of Energy (DOE) is preparing the Surplus Plutonium Disposition Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (SPD SEIS), DOE/EIS-0283-S2. DOE is evaluating, among many other things, the environmental impacts of any design and operations changes to the MFFF, which is under construction at the Savannah River Site near Aiken, South Carolina. DOE

433

Treatment of aricultural drainage water: technological schemes and financial indicators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Treatment and application of agricultural drainage water (ADW) has become mandatory to cope with the shortage of potable water. In Egypt, current water supply plans comprise increasing utilization of the ample resource of ADW. The current limitations facing wider utilization of secondary sources in general and, ADW of particular, need extensive funding requirements. Best available technologies and consequently high level of capital have been required to implement treatment works. This paper presents techno-economic aspects of treatment and reuse of polluted surface water resulting from mixing river water with ADW. Proposed technological treatment schemes are first discussed. Further, the selected integrated treatment scheme based on conventional and advanced physicochemical techniques is elucidated. Membrane separation has been incorporated to achieve removal of residual pollutants as well as salinity reduction. Further, the paper is concluded with a techno-economic assessment of the proposed treatment train for 110,000 m3/d treatment facility. The results indicate promising features of the proposed scheme. Complementary studies are needed to assess potential environmental impacts under normal conditions.

Hala A. Talaat; Safaa R. Ahmed

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

14%-efficient flexible CdTe solar cells on ultra-thin glass substrates  

SciTech Connect

Flexible glass enables high-temperature, roll-to-roll processing of superstrate devices with higher photocurrents than flexible polymer foils because of its higher optical transmission. Using flexible glass in our high-temperature CdTe process, we achieved a certified record conversion efficiency of 14.05% for a flexible CdTe solar cell. Little has been reported on the flexibility of CdTe devices, so we investigated the effects of three different static bending conditions on device performance. We observed a consistent trend of increased short-circuit current and fill factor, whereas the open-circuit voltage consistently dropped. The quantum efficiency under the same static bend condition showed no change in the response. After storage in a flexed state for 24 h, there was very little change in device efficiency relative to its unflexed state. This indicates that flexible glass is a suitable replacement for rigid glass substrates, and that CdTe solar cells can tolerate bending without a decrease in device performance.

Rance, W. L.; Burst, J. M.; Reese, M. O.; Gessert, T. A.; Metzger, W. K.; Barnes, T. M. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States); Meysing, D. M.; Wolden, C. A. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States); Garner, S.; Cimo, P. [Corning Incorporated, Corning, New York 14831 (United States)

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

435

Examination system utilizing ionizing radiation and a flexible, miniature radiation detector probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optimized examination system and method based on the Reverse Geometry X-Ray{trademark} (RGX{trademark}) radiography technique are presented. The examination system comprises a radiation source, at least one flexible, miniature radiation detector probe positioned in appropriate proximity to the object to be examined and to the radiation source with the object located between the source and the probe, a photodetector device attachable to an end of the miniature radiation probe, and a control unit integrated with a display device connected to the photodetector device. The miniature radiation detector probe comprises a scintillation element, a flexible light guide having a first end optically coupled to the scintillation element and having a second end attachable to the photodetector device, and an opaque, environmentally-resistant sheath surrounding the flexible light guide. The probe may be portable and insertable, or may be fixed in place within the object to be examined. An enclosed, flexible, liquid light guide is also presented, which comprises a thin-walled flexible tube, a liquid, preferably mineral oil, contained within the tube, a scintillation element located at a first end of the tube, closures located at both ends of the tube, and an opaque, environmentally-resistant sheath surrounding the flexible tube. The examination system and method have applications in non-destructive material testing for voids, cracks, and corrosion, and may be used in areas containing hazardous materials. In addition, the system and method have applications for medical and dental imaging. 5 figs.

Majewski, S.; Kross, B.J.; Zorn, C.J.; Majewski, L.A.

1996-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

436

Overview and Comparison of Global Concentrating Solar Power Incentives Schemes by Means of Computational Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present paper gives an updated picture of concentrating solar power incentives schemes in the World. It resumes the main figures of the incentives schemes per Country such as plant size limit, feed-in tariff ...

M. Villarini; M. Limiti; R. Impero Abenavoli

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

A Review of Green Logistics Schemes Used in Cities Around the World  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are taken by cities and logistics operators. Our criteriaGeroliminis andDaganzo: "Green Logistics" Schemes around theTable 2: Examples of green logistics schemes Geroliminis and

Geroliminis, Nikolaos; Daganzo, Carlos F.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Efficient authentication scheme for data aggregation in smart grid with fault tolerance and fault diagnosis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Authentication schemes relying on per-packet signature and per-signature verification introduce heavy cost for computation and communication. Due to its constraint resources, smart grid's authentication requirement cannot be satisfied by this scheme. ...

Depeng Li; Zeyar Aung; John R. Williams; Abel Sanchez

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Formal verification of hierarchically distributed agent based protection scheme in smart grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent studies, hierarchically distributed non-intrusive agent aided transmission line distance relaying protection scheme has been proposed. This scheme is meant to provide the distance relays with situational awareness and improve their robustness ...

Shravan Garlapati; Sandeep K. Shukla

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

A Scheme to Retain the Hadley Circulation During Nonlinear Normal Mode Initialization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A modified nonlinear normal mode initialization scheme is proposed which provides a possible solution to a major problem associated with nonlinear normal mode initialization. The modified scheme retains the Hadley circulation in the model and at ...

K. Puri; W. Bourke

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flexible subsidy scheme" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Study on the LWT control schemes of a heat pump for hot water supply  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Heat pump systems have been widely used in buildings and industries due to their high performance. In this study, a leaving water temperature control scheme has been proposed for a water-to-water heat pump for hot water supply. The study was focused on the following four schemes: (1) using an auxiliary electric heater, (2) varying compressor speed, (3) adjusting water flow rate, and (4) adding heat to the secondary fluid flow of the heat source. With schemes (2) and (3), the system showed higher performance than other schemes. However, scheme (2) could not attain the appropriate LWT at low EWT heat source conditions. For all EWT conditions, using schemes (3) and (4) enabled the system to reach an appropriate LWT. Scheme (4) can be adopted as the best technology to control LWT, because it is not easy to vary flow rate of the secondary fluid as in scheme (3).

Jong Min Choi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

2D/3D Discrete Duality Finite Volume Scheme (DDFV) applied to ECG simulation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2D/3D Discrete Duality Finite Volume Scheme (DDFV) applied to ECG simulation. DDFV scheme part, the method is used for the resolution of a problem arising in bio-mathematics: the ECG

Coudière, Yves

443

Table of Contents A Multivariate Signature Scheme with an almost cyclic public key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2 The Oil and Vinegar Signature Scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4 Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 4.1 Security under direct attacks

444

A parametric scheme for the numerical solution of the Boussinesq equation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A parametric scheme is proposed for the numerical solution of the nonlinear Boussinesq equation. The numerical method is developed by...

A. G. Bratsos

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

ON THE TRADEOFF BETWEEN COMPLEXITY AND PERFORMANCE OF ERROR PROTECTION SCHEMES FOR EMBEDDED CODES OVER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/channel conditions. A successful and effective family of such chan- nel coding schemes is UEP, which in the packet

Nørvåg, Kjetil

446

PROPOSAL OF A FINANCING SCHEME FOR A THIRD NPP IN BRAZIL  

SciTech Connect

This presentation discusses a proposal of a financing scheme for a third nuclear power plant in Brazil.

Filho, Z.D.T.

2004-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

447

In or out: efficient inclusion of installations in an emissions trading scheme?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Regulators around the world are currently considering national emissions trading schemes (ETS) as cost-effective instruments...

Regina Betz; Todd Sanderson; Tihomir Ancev

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

A Practical and Flexible Flow Analysis for Higher-Order Languages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas and R. Kent Dybvig Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana A flow analysis is incorporated into and used in a production Scheme compiler. The analysis can process any legal Scheme program a procedure's code and lexical environment. At a call site the operator is an arbitrary expression This work

Dybvig, R. Kent

449

A Study of the Security of Unbalanced Oil and Vinegar Signature Schemes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 A Study of the Security of Unbalanced Oil and Vinegar Signature Schemes An Braeken, Christopher The Unbalanced Oil and Vinegar scheme (UOV) is a signature scheme based on multivariate quadratic equations, we study its security from several points of view. First, we are able to demonstrate

450

On Evaluating Request-Distribution Schemes for Saving Energy in Server Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On Evaluating Request-Distribution Schemes for Saving Energy in Server Clusters Karthick Rajamani- saving schemes. 1 Introduction Energy efficiency for servers has recently become an impor- tant concern and evalua- tion of request distribution schemes targeting energy savings in server clusters

Lu, Jiaheng

451

Adaptive Energy Saving Scheme for Downlink Elastic Traffic in Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adaptive Energy Saving Scheme for Downlink Elastic Traffic in Wireless Networks Jongwook Lee, we propose several adaptive energy saving schemes that consider throughput and energy saving simultaneously. The proposed schemes are designed for an efficient tradeoff between throughput and energy saving

Bahk, Saewoong

452

Linear Lattice Boltzmann Schemes for Acoustic: parameters choices and isotropy properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Linear Lattice Boltzmann Schemes for Acoustic: parameters choices and isotropy properties Adeline lattice Boltzmann schemes according to the definition of the isotropic order given in [3]. This property} for D2Q13). We then propose numerical illustrations for the D2Q9 scheme. Introduction Lattice Boltzmann

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

453

The Influence of a CO2 Pricing Scheme on Distributed Energy Resources in California's Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 pricing scheme or a feed-in tariff (FiT), and show theira CO 2 pricing scheme and a feed-in-tariff for DER and CHPCO 2 pricing scheme or feed-in tariff (FiT). Only 30.3 MW of

Stadler, Michael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Adaptive Restart for Accelerated Gradient Schemes Brendan O'Donoghue Emmanuel Cand`es  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adaptive Restart for Accelerated Gradient Schemes Brendan O'Donoghue Emmanuel Cand`es April 13- matically improve the convergence rate of accelerated gradient schemes. The analysis of the technique relies. In what we refer to as the `high momentum' regime the iterates generated by an accelerated gradient scheme

Candes, Emmanuel J.

455

Error Bounds for the Large Time Step Glimm Scheme Applied to Scalar Conservation Laws 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the Glimm scheme under the restriction of Courant numbers up to 1=2. 1. Introduction The large time step solution of (1) generated from the LTS Glimm scheme, #1;x the spatial mesh length and #1;t the time stepError Bounds for the Large Time Step Glimm Scheme Applied to Scalar Conservation Laws 1 Jinyang

456

New Flooding Control Schemes Applied In Route Initialisation For The Ad Hoc On Demand Routing Protocols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Flooding Control Schemes Applied In Route Initialisation For The Ad Hoc On Demand Routing College London * Email: uceephu@ucl.ac.uk Abstract: This paper introduces a new route request flooding. This scheme aims to control and reduce the route request flooding. Furthermore, the scheme combines

Haddadi, Hamed

457

A Scheme for Reliable Delivery of Events in Distributed Middleware Systems Shrideep Pallickara and Geoffrey Fox  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Scheme for Reliable Delivery of Events in Distributed Middleware Systems Shrideep Pallickara. These interactions can be encapsulated in events. We describe a scheme for the reliable delivery of events. In this paper we describe our scheme for the reliable delivery of events within NaradaBrokering [1, 2], which

458

Attributes mode sampling schemes for international material accountancy verification  

SciTech Connect

This paper addresses the question of detecting falsifications in material balance accountancy reporting by comparing independently measured values to the declared values of a randomly selected sample of items in the material balance. A two-level strategy is considered, consisting of a relatively large number of measurements made at low accuracy, and a smaller number of measurements made at high accuracy. Sampling schemes for both types of measurements are derived, and rigorous proofs supplied that guarantee desired detection probabilities. Sample sizes derived using these methods are sometimes considerably smaller than those calculated previously.

Sanborn, J.B.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

A kinetic scheme for pressurized flows in non uniform pipes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to present a kinetic numerical scheme for the computations of transient pressurised flows in closed water pipes with variable sections. Firstly, we detail the derivation of the mathematical model in curvilinear coordinates under some hypothesis and we performe a formal asymptotic analysis. Then the obtained system is written as a conservative hyperbolic partial differential system of equations, and we recall how to obtain the corresponding kinetic formulation based on an upwinding of the source term due to the "pseudo topography" performed in a close manner described by Perthame and al.

Bourdarias, Christian; Gerbi, Stéphane

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Harmonic measurements from a group connected generator HVdc converter scheme  

SciTech Connect

A recent CIGRE document published in ELECTRA has described the potential benefits of a direct connection of generators to HVdc converters. While many theoretical contributions have been made, no practical test data has become available so far. This paper reports on harmonic tests carried out at the Benmore end of the New Zealand HVdc link operating as a group connected scheme. It was found that the measured harmonic current levels were well below specified generator ratings. Dynamic simulation accurately predicted the harmonic currents whereas the results of a steady state formulation were less reliable.

Macdonald, S.J.; Enright, W.; Arrillaga, J. [Univ. of Canterbury, Christchurch (New Zealand)] [Univ. of Canterbury, Christchurch (New Zealand); O`Brien, M.T.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flexible subsidy scheme" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Simple rules help select best hydrocarbon distillation scheme  

SciTech Connect

Separation economics depend mainly on investment for major equipment and energy consumption. This relationship, together with the fact that, in most cases, many alternative schemes will be proposed, make it essential to find an optimum scheme that minimizes overall costs. Practical solutions are found by applying heuristics -- exploratory problem-solving techniques that eliminate alternatives without applying rigorous mathematical procedures. These techniques have been applied to a case study. In the case study, a hydrocarbon mixture will be transported through a pipeline to a fractionation plant, where it will be separated into commercial products for distribution. The fractionation will consist of a simple train of distillation columns, the sequence of which will be defined by applying heuristic rules and determining the required thermal duties for each column. The facility must separate ethane, propane and mixed butanes, natural gasoline (light straight-run, or LSR, gasoline), and condensate (heavy naphtha). The ethane will be delivered to an ethylene plant as a gaseous stream, the propane and butanes will be stored in cryogenic tanks, and the gasoline and heavy naphtha also will be stored.

Sanchezllanes, M.T.; Perez, A.L.; Martinez, M.P.; Aguilar-Rodriguez, E.; Rosal, R. del (Inst. Mexicano del Petroleo, Mexico City (Mexico))

1993-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

462

Combustion Instability and Blowout Characteristics of Fuel Flexible Gas Turbine Combustors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Combustion Instability and Blowout Combustion Instability and Blowout Characteristics of Fuel Flexible Gas Turbine Characteristics of Fuel Flexible Gas Turbine Combustors Combustors Georgia Institute of Technology Georgia Institute of Technology Tim Lieuwen, Ben Zinn Bobby Noble, Qingguo Zhang DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT DE-FC26-02NT41431 Tom J. George, Program Manager, DOE/NETL Richard Wenglarz, Manager of Research, SCIES SCIES Project 03-01-SR111 Project Awarded (07/01/03, 36 Month Duration) Total Contract Value $376,722 . CLEMSON presentation, T.L., B.Z., B.N., Q.Z. Gas Turbine Need Gas Turbine Need * Need: Gas turbines with sufficient flexibility to cleanly and efficiently combust a wide range of fuels, particularly coal-derived gases - Problem: Inherent variability in composition and heating

463

Predicting The Type Of Pregnancy Using Flexible Discriminate Analysis And Artificial Neural Networks: A Comparison Study  

SciTech Connect

Some medical and epidemiological surveys have been designed to predict a nominal response variable with several levels. With regard to the type of pregnancy there are four possible states: wanted, unwanted by wife, unwanted by husband and unwanted by couple. In this paper, we have predicted the type of pregnancy, as well as the factors influencing it using three different models and comparing them. Regarding the type of pregnancy with several levels, we developed a multinomial logistic regression, a neural network and a flexible discrimination based on the data and compared their results using tow statistical indices: Surface under curve (ROC) and kappa coefficient. Based on these tow indices, flexible discrimination proved to be a better fit for prediction on data in comparison to other methods. When the relations among variables are complex, one can use flexible discrimination instead of multinomial logistic regression and neural network to predict the nominal response variables with several levels in order to gain more accurate predictions.

Hooman, A.; Mohammadzadeh, M

2008-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

464

Chapter 23 - Energy Storage and the Need for Flexibility on the Grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Energy storage technologies provide valuable flexibility on the electric grid by making the grid more efficient and by absorbing the intermittent renewable resources of tomorrow’s grid. But realizing the full value of this new flexibility requires holistically optimizing the unique functionalities of an energy storage system across the full spectrum of grid operations, from generation, through transmission, and to the customer, including any self-generation and demand response. The control systems, communications infrastructure, and smart energy storage devices needed to do this are just beginning to meet needed economic and technical milestones to demonstrate how energy storage will function within a fully-optimized electric grid. This chapter describes how energy storage provides valuable flexibility resources to the grid and profiles several deployed energy storage systems.

David Mohler; Daniel Sowder

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Effects of organically modified nanoclay on cellular morphology, tensile properties, and dimensional stability of flexible polyurethane foams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Flexible polyurethane/organically modified nanoclay (organoclay) nanocomposite foams were synthesized by ... polyurethane foam sample containing 2 wt.% of nanoclay revealed clay intercalation. Furthermore, SEM im...

Reza Jahanmardi; Behrad Kangarlou…

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Reliability analysis of a passive cooling system using a response surface with an application to the Flexible Conversion Ratio Reactor .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A comprehensive risk-informed methodology for passive safety system design and performance assessment is presented and demonstrated on the Flexible Conversion Ratio Reactor (FCRR). First, the… (more)

Fong, Christopher J. (Christopher Joseph)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

New standards in flexible pipe technology including API Spec 17J  

SciTech Connect

Recent and future developments in the offshore industry will see the use of flexible pipes in more severe applications than previously. Included in this is its use in deep water, high temperature, high pressure and sour service applications. There is therefore a requirement in the industry for the development of consistent standards for the specification, design, materials, manufacturing and testing of flexible pipes. A Joint Industry Project (JIP) commenced early in 1994 to develop these new industry wide standards for unbonded flexible pipe. The 20 participants to the JIP included twelve oil companies, three manufacturers, three regulatory authorities and three contractors. The first phase of the project involved the development of a standard specification for flexible pipe, with a second phase, presently ongoing, to develop a new recommended practice for flexible pipe. The initial development of the industry standard specification was completed in May of 1995 and the document was subsequently submitted to API for technical review. This was completed by December 1995. The specification was updated accordingly in cooperation between API and the JIP, and subsequently released in January 1996 for API balloting. The specification is expected to be adopted and published as API Spec 17J by the middle of 1996. The specification will also be incorporated during 1996 into the new ISO series of standards for subsea equipment. The recommended practice will update API RP 17B to supplement the pipe specification and incorporate new technological developments. This paper discusses the scope, including new developments, addressed by API Spec 17J and also describes significant aspects in the updating of the recommended practice. This development of new standards within the flexible pipe industry is in line with the objectives of initiatives such as CRINE and NORSOK.

Grealish, F.W.; Bliault, A.; Caveny, K.P.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

468

Solid-state flexible polyaniline/silver cellulose nanofibrils aerogel supercapacitors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Hereby we report solid-state flexible aerogel supercapacitors fabricated from cellulose nanofibrils (CNF), Ag and polyaniline (PANI) nanoparticles. The electrochemical performances of PANI/Ag/CNF supercapacitors were characterized by cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic chargedischarge curves and electric impedance spectroscopy. The specific capacitance was calculated to be 176 mF/cm2 at 10 mV s?1 from cyclic voltammetry. This value is significantly higher than most flexible supercapacitors reported in literature. The electrochemical properties of the as-fabricated supercapacitors also remain the same when they are bent with different bending radius.

Xiaodan Zhang; Ziyin Lin; Bo Chen; Wei Zhang; Sudhir Sharma; Wentian Gu; Yulin Deng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Design of flexible ultrahigh-Q microcavities in diamond-based photonic crystal slabs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We design extremely flexible ultrahigh-Q diamond-based double-heterostructure photonic crystal slab cavities by modifying the refractive index of the diamond. The refractive index changes needed for ultrahigh-Q cavities with $Q ~ 10^7$, are well within what can be achieved ($\\Delta n \\sim 0.02$). The cavity modes have relatively small volumes $Vdesign is flexible because the range of parameters, cavity length and the index changes, that enables an ultrahigh-Q is quite broad. Furthermore as the index modification is post-processed, an efficient technique to generate cavities around defect centres is achievable, improving prospects for defect-tolerant quantum architectures.

Snjezana Tomljenovic-Hanic; Andrew D. Greentree; C. Martijn de Sterke; Steven Prawer

2008-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

470

Application of standard SSC test methods for evaluating metallic components of non-bonded flexible pipe  

SciTech Connect

Floating production platforms for oil and gas commonly utilize flexible risers. These multi-layered pipes contain carbon steel wires to provide both hoop strength and axial strength. Aggressive production environments containing hydrogen sulfide necessitate the selection of steels that meet the requirements of MR0175. The wires have been tested for use in sour gas environments in accordance with NACE and API requirements. Modifications to the sour service testing methods which were made to meet the requirements of API 17J, Draft Specification for Unbonded Flexible Pipe, are discussed and the results are summarized.

Ethridge, A.D. [Wellstream, Inc., Panama City, FL (United States); Cayard, M.S. [CLI International, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Dual translocation pathways in smectic liquid crystals facilitated by molecular flexibility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate translocation mechanisms in smectic A liquid crystals (LCs) by a realistic, coarse-grained model of a LC compound comprising a stiff azobenzene core with flexible tails. We observe that the molecules can permeate from one smectic layer to the next via two different mechanisms, with and without significant reorientation, the former being facilitated through transverse interlayer intermediates. This is possible due to the intrinsic flexibility of the molecules. The two processes lead to characteristic signatures in the Van Hove self-correlation function, which can also be observed experimentally.

Biswaroop Mukherjee; Christine Peter; Kurt Kremer

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

472

Comparative Study: CFD ?P Versus Measured ?P for 30% Flexible Ducts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

foot-long circular ducts placed on both ends. A CFD model was built and simulations were run under different volumetric air flows. The static pressure drop for those conditions were analyzed and displayed. The final CFD model is tuned until...) computer model. Fluent 6.2.16 CFD software package was used to simulate the static pressure drop inside the flexible duct. 3-D computer model of 6” diameter flexible duct was generated for 30% compression in 5 ft. long. The laboratory data...

Ugursal, A.; Culp, C.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Basic issues associated with four potential EUV resist schemes  

SciTech Connect

Four of the better developed resist schemes that are outgrowths of DUV (248 and 193 nm) resist development are considered as candidates for EUV. They are as follows: trilayer, a thin imaging layer on top of a refractor masking/pattern transfer layer on top of a planarizing and processing layer (PPL); solution developed, organometallic bilayer where the imaging and masking layer have been combined into one material on top of a PPL; and finally silylated resists. They are examined in a very general form without regard to the specifics of chemistry of the variations within each group, but rather to what is common to each group and how that affects their effectiveness as candidates for a near term EUV resist. In particular they are examined with respect to sensitivity, potential resolution, optical density, etching selectivity during pattern transfer, and any issues associated with pattern fidelity such as swelling.

Wheeler, D.R. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Kubiak, G.; Ray-Chaudhuri, A.; Henderson, C. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States)

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Iron beam acceleration using direct plasma injection scheme  

SciTech Connect

A new set of vanes of radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) accelerator was commissioned using highly charged iron beam. To supply high intensity heavy ion beams to the RFQ, direct plasma injection scheme (DPIS) with a confinement solenoid was adopted. One of the difficulties to utilize the combination of DPIS and a solenoid field is a complexity of electro magnetic field at the beam extraction region, since biasing high static electric field for ion extraction, RFQ focusing field, and the solenoid magnetic field fill the same space simultaneously. To mitigate the complexity, a newly designed magnetic field clamps were used. The intense iron beam was observed with bunched structure and the total accelerated current reached 2.5 nC.

Okamura, M., E-mail: okamura@bnl.gov [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States); RIKEN-BNL Research Center, Upton, New York 11973 (United States); Kanesue, T. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)] [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States); Yamamoto, T. [Waseda University, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan)] [Waseda University, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan); Fuwa, Y. [Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011 (Japan) [Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011 (Japan); RIKEN, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

475

Proposed bunching scheme for a polarized H/sup -/ injector  

SciTech Connect

Improvements to the polarized H/sup -/ injector at LAMPF will include a two-stage buncher and beam chopper. The buncher scheme will permit the compression of a major part of the current in 20 rf cycles of the drift-tube linac (100 nsec) into a single rf cycle (5 nsec), thus making possible time-of-flight experiments with the polarized H/sup -/ beam. A proposed first buncher stage would use a ramp drive waveform; the second stage, a sinusoidal waveform. Design and sensitivity calculations are summarized, including beam energy considerations, buncher and chopper drive requirements, and longitudinal and transverse beam dynamics. The calculations indicate that about 70% of the beam from the source may be bunched in the 1-nsec acceptance region of the linac, with less than 0.1% of the beam in neighboring rf cycles. 5 figs.

Swain, G.R.; Browman, A.A.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

High-spin level scheme of {sup 194}Pb  

SciTech Connect

High-spin states in {sup 194}Pb have been populated in the {sup 168}Er({sup 30}Si,4n) reaction at 142 MeV. The emitted {gamma} rays were detected by the EUROBALL III multidetector array. The level scheme was considerably extended and many previously observed {gamma}-ray transitions were reordered. Four new magnetic rotational bands were observed. The energies and spins of the bandheads of all previously observed magnetic rotational bands were corrected based on the observation of new transitions. From nine observed bands, only one could not be connected to the lower lying states. Based on comparison systematics with neighboring Pb isotopes and tilted-axis cranking model calculations previously reported, configuration assignments to the observed bands have been made.

Kutsarova, T.; Stefanova, E. A.; Minkova, A.; Lalkovski, S.; Korichi, A.; Lopez-Martens, A.; Hannachi, F.; Huebel, H.; Goergen, A.; Jansen, A.; Schoenwasser, G.; Khoo, T. L.; Herskind, B.; Bergstroem, M.; Bazzacco, D.; Podolyak, Z. [Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, BAS, BG-1784 Sofia (Bulgaria); Faculty of Physics, University of Sofia 'St. Kliment Ohridski', BG-1164 Sofia (Bulgaria); CSNSM Orsay, IN2P3/CNRS, F-91405 (France); HISKP, Helmholtz-Institute fuer Strahlen-und Kernphysik, Nussallee 14-16, D-53115 (Germany); ISKP, Universitaet Bonn, Nussallee 14-16, D-53115 (Germany); Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); The Niels Bohr Institute, Blegdamsvej 17, DK-2100 Copenhagen (Denmark); Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Padova and INFN Sezione di Padova, I-35131 Padova (Italy); INFN, Laboratori Nationali di Legnaro (Italy)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

477

Progress and problems in micro-grid protection schemes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Globally, gradual depletion of fossil fuel resources, poor energy efficiency and environmental pollution are among the main problems faced in the conventional power system. This leads to a new trend of generating power locally by using Distributed Energy Resources (DERs) at distribution voltage level. The concept of micro-grid has appeared as an attractive alternative for integration of \\{DERs\\} in the distribution networks which has numerous advantages in terms of reliability and power quality. Despite the advantages, several challenges are still hindering the development of micro-grids. One of the challenges is micro-grid protection, and to resolve this, researchers have been working to develop different protection schemes. The objective of this study is to review previous research works on the existing protection strategies deployed in addressing micro-grid protection issues in both grid-connected and islanded mode of operation.

Sohrab Mirsaeidi; Dalila Mat Said; Mohd. Wazir Mustafa; Mohd. Hafiz Habibuddin; Kimia Ghaffari

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Buckling of a soap film spanning a flexible loop resistant to bending and twisting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...a soap film spanning a flexible loop resistant to bending and twisting Aisa Biria 1 Eliot Fried 2...A generalization of the Euler-Plateau problem to account for the energy contribution due to twisting of the bounding loop is proposed. Euler-Lagrange...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Exploring Flexible Strategies in Engineering Systems Using Screening Models Applications to Offshore Petroleum Projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Offshore Petroleum Projects by Jijun Lin B.E., Mechanical Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics Flexible Strategies in Engineering Systems Using Screening Models Applications to Offshore Petroleum, such as offshore petroleum exploration and production systems, generally require a significant amount of capital

de Weck, Olivier L.

480

Multiple-objective Scheduling for the Hierarchical Control of Flexible Manufacturing Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multiple-objective Scheduling for the Hierarchical Control of Flexible Manufacturing Cells (Revised level controller employs a combined priority rule to rank shop orders considering multiple scheduling the detailed schedule with projected order completion times back to the shop controller. Upon receiving

Nagi, Rakesh

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481

Flexible Facility Interior Layout: A Real Options and Chung-Li Tseng  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Delta Consulting Group, Inc., 310 Commerce Street, Occoquan, VA 22125, USA. Tel: (703) 497-7735, fax, University of Missouri-Rolla, Rolla, MO 65409, USA. Tel: (573) 341-7621, fax: (573) 341-6567, email: chungli will be evaluated. The concept of real options, stemming from financial options, refers to flexibility em- bedded

Tseng, Chung-Li

482

A stochastic framework for the grid integration of wind power using flexible load approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Wind power integration has always been a key research area due to the green future power system target. However, the intermittent nature of wind power may impose some technical and economic challenges to Independent System Operators (ISOs) and increase the need for additional flexibility. Motivated by this need, this paper focuses on the potential of Demand Response Programs (DRPs) as an option to contribute to the flexible operation of power systems. On this basis, in order to consider the uncertain nature of wind power and the reality of electricity market, a Stochastic Network Constrained Unit Commitment associated with DR (SNCUCDR) is presented to schedule both generation units and responsive loads in power systems with high penetration of wind power. Afterwards, the effects of both price-based and incentive-based \\{DRPs\\} are evaluated, as well as DR participation levels and electricity tariffs on providing a flexible load profile and facilitating grid integration of wind power. For this reason, novel quantitative indices for evaluating flexibility are defined to assess the success of \\{DRPs\\} in terms of wind integration. Sensitivity studies indicate that DR types and customer participation levels are the main factors to modify the system load profile to support wind power integration.

E. Heydarian-Forushani; M.P. Moghaddam; M.K. Sheikh-El-Eslami; M. Shafie-khah; J.P.S. Catalão

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Supporting Membrane Shape Instability in the Presence of Strongly Adsorbed Flexible Polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Supporting Membrane Shape Instability in the Presence of Strongly Adsorbed Flexible Polymers R Strongly adsorbed polymers are shown to undergo an isotropic-nematic surface-ordering transition,usuallypresentinstrongly adsorbedpolymers,havebeenobservedinthecaseofDNA. The adsorbed DNA is typically found in a 2-D nematic phase (in 2-D

Podgornik, Rudolf

484

SimPal: a design study on a framework for flexible safety-critical software development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the findings from a design study on a framework for flexible safety-critical software development, called SimPal. It is an extended version of a paper that was published in SAC'13 Proceedings of the 2013 ACM Symposium on Applied ... Keywords: frameworks and tools, real-time systems, safety-critical development, service-oriented computing, verification

Jesper Pedersen Notander; Per Runeson; Martin Höst

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Flexible Free-Standing Graphene/SnO2 Nanocomposites Paper for Li-Ion Battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A flexible free-standing graphene/SnO2 nanocomposites paper (GSP) was prepared by coupling a simple filtration method and a thermal reduction together for the first time. Compared with the pure SnO2 nanoparticles, the GSP exhibited a better cycling ...

Junfei Liang; Yue Zhao; Lin Guo; Lidong Li

2012-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

486

VenueTM 11 Pro The ultimate 2-in-1 flexibility: power of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

video as well as advanced connectivity options to keep you in touch with the people and information with extreme flexibility in mind with the ability to use USB 3.0 connections, Micro-SD storage devices. 9 The stated Watt Hour (WHr) is not an indication of battery life. 10 Weights vary depending

Fiebig, Peter

487

Power Grid Analysis Using a Flexible Conjugate Gradient Algorithm with Sparsification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power Grid Analysis Using a Flexible Conjugate Gradient Algorithm with Sparsification Peter power grid analysis. The algorithm allows changing preconditioners and sparsification of the search and sparsification. The algorithm is applied to a number of realistic power grid examples. I. INTRODUCTION The design

Freund, Roland W.

488

Development of flexible, intuitive methods for aerodynamic design Type of award PhD Research Studentship  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development of flexible, intuitive methods for aerodynamic design Type of award PhD Research is beginning a project to develop new techniques for aerodynamic design. The interest is based around free, they are offering a fully funded 3- year PhD position within the University of Bristol Aerodynamics research group

Bristol, University of

489

Static Pressure Loss in 12”, 14”, and 16” Non-metallic Flexible Duct  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study was conducted to determine the effects of compression on pressure drops in non-metallic flexible duct. Duct sizes of 12”, 14” and 16” diameters were tested at a five different compression ratios (maximum stretch, 4%, 15%, 30% and 45...

Cantrill, David Lee

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

A NEW ROBOT DESIGN TO PASSIVELY DAMP FLEXIBLE ROBOTIC ARMS Louis J. Everett  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A NEW ROBOT DESIGN TO PASSIVELY DAMP FLEXIBLE ROBOTIC ARMS Louis J. Everett Mechanical robotic arm in which passive dampers eliminate unwanted oscillation. This paper derives and reduces, Modeling, Space Robotics 1. INTRODUCTION Long reach robot arms are being designed and implemented in space

Everett, Louis J.

491

Nanowire-Composite based Flexible Thermoelectric Nanogenerators and Self-Powered Temperature Sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) polymer composite as the thermoelectric material with a positive Seebeck coefficient of 285 V/K. A linearNano Res 1 Nanowire-Composite based Flexible Thermoelectric Nanogenerators and Self School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332

Wang, Zhong L.

492

Bored By Non-Glowing Skin? Ultra-Flexible, Waterproof LED Implants Are What You Seek  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bored By Non-Glowing Skin? Ultra-Flexible, Waterproof LED Implants Are What You Seek By Alasdair Wilkins/io9 Posted 10.19.2010 at 12:15 pm LED Lights Could Be Implanted Under Skin Photo courtesy of iO9 LEDs are, on small scales, the cheapest, most reliable, and most technologically powerful light sources

Rogers, John A.

493

GaN-based micro-LED arrays on flexible substrates for optical cochlear implants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Currently available cochlear implants are based on electrical stimulation of the spiral ganglion neurons. Optical stimulation with arrays of micro-sized light-emitting diodes (µLEDs) promises to increase the number of distinguishable frequencies. Here, the development of a flexible GaN-based micro-LED array as an optical cochlear implant is reported for application in a mouse model. The fabrication of 15 µm thin and highly flexible devices is enabled by a laser-based layer transfer process of the GaN-LEDs from sapphire to a polyimide-on-silicon carrier wafer. The fabricated 50 ? 50 µm2 LEDs are contacted via conducting paths on both p- and n-sides of the LEDs. Up to three separate channels could be addressed. The probes, composed of a linear array of the said µLEDs bonded to the flexible polyimide substrate, are peeled off the carrier wafer and attached to flexible printed circuit boards. Probes with four µLEDs and a width of 230 µm are successfully implanted in the mouse cochlea both in vitro and in vivo. The LEDs emit 60 µW at 1 mA after peel-off, corresponding to a radiant emittance of 6 mW mm?2.

Christian Goßler; Colin Bierbrauer; Rüdiger Moser; Michael Kunzer; Katarzyna Holc; Wilfried Pletschen; Klaus Köhler; Joachim Wagner; Michael Schwaerzle; Patrick Ruther; Oliver Paul; Jakob Neef; Daniel Keppeler; Gerhard Hoch; Tobias Moser; Ulrich T Schwarz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

FLEXIBLE MEDICAL CARE AND DEPENDENT CARE REIMBURSMENT ACCOUNTS Frequently Asked Questions and Answers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as federal health care reform), over- the-counter medicines and drugs can be reimbursed only if prescribed and dental care deductibles, co-payments, eyeglasses, prescriptions, nursing care, etc. Premiums for healthFLEXIBLE MEDICAL CARE AND DEPENDENT CARE REIMBURSMENT ACCOUNTS Frequently Asked Questions

Snider, Barry B.

495

FLEXIBLE MEDICAL CARE AND DEPENDENT CARE REIMBURSMENT ACCOUNTS Frequently Asked Questions and Answers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Care Act (also known as federal health care reform), the maximum deduction is $2,500 (down from $4 as federal health care reform), over- the-counter medicines and drugs can be reimbursed only if prescribedFLEXIBLE MEDICAL CARE AND DEPENDENT CARE REIMBURSMENT ACCOUNTS Frequently Asked Questions

Snider, Barry B.

496

Tracking Progress Last updated 12/3/2013 Resource Flexibility 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

flexible capabilities.1 Furthermore, because of expected changes in the natural gas-fired dispatchable of intermittent renewable generation to meet the state's 33 percent Renewables Portfolio Standard (RPS) by 2020 capacity has to address variability in load and power production in three time scales: (1) minute

497

OSCAR API v2.1 with Flexible Accelerator Control Facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OSCAR API v2.1 with Flexible Accelerator Control Facilities Keiji Kimura, Waseda University 13. The execution timing of them can be notified by FlagVariables Overview of OSCAR API v2.0 (before 2 ! Accelerators ! Based on the subset of OpenMP ! Very popular parallel processing API ! Shared memory programming

Kasahara, Hironori

498

-Arm flexibility of HU from Staphylococcus aureus dictates the DNA-binding and recognition mechanism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Structural analysis of apo and DNA-bound HU from S. aureus (SHU) revealed that conformational changes occur in both the protein and DNA upon DNA binding. Base-readout and shape-readout mechanisms are involved in DNA binding and recognition by SHU, in which -arm flexibility is a major determinant.

Kim, D.-H.

2014-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

499

Spatial impulse responses from a flexible baffled circular piston Ronald M. Aartsa)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spatial impulse responses from a flexible baffled circular piston Ronald M. Aartsa) Philips response, Zernike expansion, piston sound radiation, non-uniform profile, loudspeaker, ultrasound 2 #12;I, baffled, planar piston is often done by using the spatial impulse response approach as can be found

500

Highly controllable and green reduction of graphene oxide to flexible graphene film with high strength  

SciTech Connect

Graphical abstract: Highly controllable and green reduction of GO to chemical converted graphene (CCG) was achieved with sodium citrate as a facile reductant. Self-assembly of the as-made CCG sheets results in a flexible CCG film, of which the tensile strength strongly depends on the deoxygenation degree of graphene sheets. - Highlights: • Graphene was synthesized by an effective and environmentally friendly approach. • We introduced a facile X-ray diffraction analysis method to investigate the reduction process from graphene oxide to graphene. • Flexible graphene films were prepared by self-assembly of the graphene sheets. • The strength of the graphene films depends on the reduction degree of graphene. - Abstract: Graphene film with high strength was fabricated by the assembly of graphene sheets derived from graphene oxide (GO) in an effective and environmentally friendly approach. Highly controllable reduction of GO to chemical converted graphene (CCG) was achieved with sodium citrate as a facile reductant, in which the reduction process was monitored by XRD analysis and UV–vis absorption spectra. Self-assembly of the as-made CCG sheets results in a flexible CCG film. This method may open an avenue to the easy and scalable preparation of graphene film with high strength which has promising potentials in many fields where strong, flexible and electrically conductive films are highly demanded.

Wan, Wubo [Carbon Research Laboratory, Liaoning Key Lab for Energy Materials and Chemical Engineering, State Key Lab of Fine Chemicals, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Zhao, Zongbin, E-mail: zbzhao@dlut.edu.cn [Carbon Research Laboratory, Liaoning Key Lab for Energy Materials and Chemical Engineering, State Key Lab of Fine Chemicals, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Hu, Han [Carbon Research Laboratory, Liaoning Key Lab for Energy Materials and Chemical Engineering, State Key Lab of Fine Chemicals, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Gogotsi, Yury [Carbon Research Laboratory, Liaoning Key Lab for Energy Materials and Chemical Engineering, State Key Lab of Fine Chemicals, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, and A.J. Drexel Nanotechnology Institute, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States); Qiu, Jieshan, E-mail: jqiu@dlut.edu.cn [Carbon Research Laboratory, Liaoning Key Lab for Energy Materials and Chemical Engineering, State Key Lab of Fine Chemicals, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z