Sample records for flat-panel displays read

  1. Flat panel ferroelectric electron emission display system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sampayan, Stephen E. (Manteca, CA); Orvis, William J. (Livermore, CA); Caporaso, George J. (Livermore, CA); Wieskamp, Ted F. (Livermore, CA)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A device which can produce a bright, raster scanned or non-raster scanned image from a flat panel. Unlike many flat panel technologies, this device does not require ambient light or auxiliary illumination for viewing the image. Rather, this device relies on electrons emitted from a ferroelectric emitter impinging on a phosphor. This device takes advantage of a new electron emitter technology which emits electrons with significant kinetic energy and beam current density.

  2. Diffractive optics for compact flat panel displays. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sweeney, D.; DeLong, K.

    1997-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Three years ago LLNL developed a practical method to dramatically reduce the chromatic aberration in single element diffractive imaging lenses. High efficiency, achromatic imaging lenses have been fabricated for human vision correction. This LDRD supported research in applying our new methods to develop a unique, diffraction-based optical interface with solid state, microelectronic imaging devices. Advances in microelectronics have led to smaller, more efficient components for optical systems. There have, however, been no equivalent advances in the imaging optics associated with these devices. The goal of this project was to replace the bulky, refractive optics in typical head-mounted displays with micro-thin diffractive optics to directly image flat-panel displays into the eye. To visualize the system think of the lenses of someone`s eyeglasses becoming flat-panel displays. To realize this embodiment, we needed to solve the problems of large chromatic aberrations and low efficiency that are associated with diffraction. We have developed a graceful tradeoff between chromatic aberrations and the diffractive optic thickness. It turns out that by doubling the thickness of a micro-thin diffractive lens we obtain nearly a two-times improvement in chromatic performance. Since the human eye will tolerate one diopter of chromatic aberration, we are able to achieve an achromatic image with a diffractive lens that is only 20 microns thick, versus 3 mm thickness for the comparable refractive lens. Molds for the diffractive lenses are diamond turned with sub-micron accuracy; the final lenses are cast from these molds using various polymers. We thus retain both the micro- thin nature of the diffractive optics and the achromatic image quality of refractive optics. During the first year of funding we successfully extended our earlier technology from 1 cm diameter optics required for vision applications up to the 5 cm diameter optics required for this application. 3 refs., 6 figs.

  3. Improving the diversity of manufacturing electroluminescent flat panel displays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moss, T.S.; Samuels, J.A.; Smith, D.C. [and others

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Crystalline calcium thiogallate with a cerium dopant has been deposited by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) at temperatures below 600{degrees}C on a low cost glass substrate. An EL luminance of 1.05 fL was observed 40 volts above threshold at 60 Hz. This is more than an order of magnitude improvement over earlier crystalline-as-deposited thiogallate materials. These results pave the way for the use of MOCVD as a potential method for processing full color thin-film electroluminescent (TFEL) flat panel displays. The formation of the CaGa{sub 2}S{sub 4}:Ce phosphor requires precise control over a number of deposition parameters including flow rates, substrate temperature, and reactor pressure. The influence of these parameters will be discussed in terms of structure, uniformity, and TFEL device performance.

  4. Flat panel display using Ti-Cr-Al-O thin film

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jankowski, Alan F. (Livermore, CA); Schmid, Anthony P. (Solan Beach, CA)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thin films of Ti--Cr--Al--O are used as a resistor material. The films are rf sputter deposited from ceramic targets using a reactive working gas mixture of Ar and O.sub.2. Resistivity values from 10.sup.4 to 10.sup.10 Ohm-cm have been measured for Ti--Cr--Al--O film <1 .mu.m thick. The film resistivity can be discretely selected through control of the target composition and the deposition parameters. The application of Ti--Cr--Al--O as a thin film resistor has been found to be thermodynamically stable, unlike other metal-oxide films. The Ti--Cr--Al--O film can be used as a vertical or lateral resistor, for example, as a layer beneath a field emission cathode in a flat panel display; or used to control surface emissivity, for example, as a coating on an insulating material such as vertical wall supports in flat panel displays.

  5. Method of forming a spacer for field emission flat panel displays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bernhardt, A.F.; Contolini, R.J.

    1997-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Spacers are disclosed for applications such as field emission flat panel displays and vacuum microelectronics, and which involves the application of aerogel/xerogel technology to the formation of the spacer. In a preferred approach the method uses a mold and mold release agent wherein the gel precursor is a liquid which can be applied to the mold filling holes which expose the substrate (either the baseplate or the faceplate). A release agent is applied to the mold prior to precursor application to ease removal of the mold after formation of the dielectric spacer. The shrinkage of the gel during solvent extraction also improves mold removal. The final spacer material is a good dielectric, such as silica, secured to the substrate. 3 figs.

  6. Method of forming a spacer for field emission flat panel displays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bernhardt, Anthony F. (Berkeley, CA); Contolini, Robert J. (Pleasanton, CA)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spacers for applications such as field emission flat panel displays and vacuum microelectronics, and which involves the application of aerogel/xerogel technology to the formation of the spacer. In a preferred approach the method uses a mold and mold release agent wherein the gel precursor is a liquid which can be applied to the mold filling holes which expose the substrate (either the baseplate or the faceplate). A release agent is applied to the mold prior to precursor application to ease removal of the mold after formation of the dielectric spacer. The shrinkage of the gel during solvent extraction also improves mold removal. The final spacer material is a good dielectric, such as silica, secured to the substrate.

  7. The ImmersaDesk3 -Experiences With A Flat Panel Display for Virtual Reality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Andrew

    crystal, #12;ferro-electric liquid crystal, plasma panel, and light emitting diode displays. In our, they are presently only available in developer kits. Light Emitting Diode displays are bright and potentially

  8. Luminescent studies of fluorescent chromophore-doped silica aerogels for flat panel display applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glauser, S.A.C. [California Univ., Davis, CA (United States). Dept. of Applied Science; Lee, H.W.H. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The remarkable optical and electronic properties of doped and undoped silica aerogels establish their utility as unique, mulitfunctional host materials for fluorescent dyes and other luminescent materials for display and imaging applications. We present results on the photoluminescence, absorption, and photoluminescence excitation spectra of undoped silica aerogels and aerogels doped with Er{sup 3+}, rhodamine 6G (R6G), and fluorescein. 4 refs., 12 figs.

  9. IBM's New Flat Panel Displays

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinementEtching. | EMSL Bubblesstructure theby J. Stöhr (SSRL),

  10. amorphous silicon flat-panel: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5 Asymmetric Electrical Properties of Half Corbino Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Thin-Film Transistor and Its Applications to Flat Panel Displays Materials Science...

  11. A comparison of workstation dimensions and body postures between 17" CRT, 21" CRT, and 19" flat panel monitors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walline, Erin Kurusz

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Use of visual display terminals has been implicated as a risk factor in visual discomfort. With the progression of new technology, larger CRT monitors and alternate display technologies, such as flat panels, are entering the office environment. Few...

  12. Electromagnetic Eavesdropping Risks of Flat-Panel Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhn, Markus

    such compromising em- anations with directional antennas and wideband receivers. Periodic av- eraging can lift be reconstructed at a distance using a TV set whose sync pulse generators are replaced with manually controlled

  13. E-Print Network 3.0 - amorphous selenium flat-panel Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    22 Licensable Technologies Summary: 12;Licensable Technologies Applications: n Solar Cells n Sensors n Flat Panels n IC Circuits... and low-performance, low-cost...

  14. Precise Application of Transparent Conductive Oxide Coatings for Flat Panel

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - SeptemberMicroneedles for medical point ofPowerSaver Exemplary StudentDisplays and

  15. Precise Application of Transparent Conductive Oxide Coatings for Flat Panel

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - SeptemberMicroneedles for medical point ofPowerSaver Exemplary StudentDisplays

  16. System design and implementation for the glass panel alignment and sealing tool for flat panel displays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordan, J.D.; Stromberg, P.G.; Kuszmaul, S.S.

    1996-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the system designed and fabricated for the National Center for Advanced Information Component Manufacturing (NCAICM) project number 9322-135. The system is a device capable of simultaneously aligning two glass plates and sealing them together with glass frit. The process development was divided into two phases. The first was thermal sealing in an ambient environment. The second was sealing a controlled environment in a vacuum.

  17. Comparing performance of keyboarding/mousing tasks using notebook computer flat panel displays vs. CRT monitors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ventrca, Rachel Lynn

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    consisted of a notebook computer alone, a notebook computer used with external input devices, monitor blocks, a notebook computer stand, and CRT monitors. Each subject performed two tasks (data entry and editing) for 10 minutes in each configuration-task...

  18. Performance of a high fill factor, indirect detection prototype flat-panel imager for mammography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El-Mohri, Youcef; Antonuk, Larry E.; Zhao Qihua; Wang Yi; Li Yixin; Du Hong; Sawant, Amit [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

    2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Empirical and theoretical investigations of the performance of a small-area, high-spatial-resolution, active matrix flat-panel imager, operated under mammographic conditions, is reported. The imager is based on an indirect detection array incorporating a continuous photodiode design, as opposed to the discrete photodiode design employed in conventional flat-panel imagers. Continuous photodiodes offer the prospect of higher fill factors, particularly for arrays with pixel pitches below {approx}100 {mu}m. The array has a pixel-to-pixel pitch of 75 {mu}m and a pixel format of 512x512, resulting in an active area of {approx}3.8x3.8 cm{sup 2}. The array was coupled to two commercially available, structured CsI:Tl scintillators of {approx}150 {mu}m thickness: one optimized for high light output (FOS-HL) and the other for high spatial resolution (FOS-HR), resulting in a pair of imager configurations. Measurements of sensitivity, modulation transfer function (MTF), noise power spectra (NPS), and detective quantum efficiency (DQE) were performed with a 26 kVp mammography beam at exposures ranging from {approx}0.5 to {approx}19 mR. MTF results from both CsI:Tl scintillators show that the array demonstrates good spatial resolution, indicating effective isolation between adjacent pixels. The effect of additive noise of the system on DQE was observed to be significantly higher for the FOS-HR scintillator compared to the FOS-HL scintillator due to lower sensitivity of the former. For the FOS-HL scintillator, DQE performance was generally high at high exposures, limited by the x-ray quantum efficiency, Swank factor and the MTF of the scintillators. For both scintillators, the DQE performance degrades at lower exposures due to the relatively large contribution of additive noise. Theoretical calculations based on a cascaded systems model were found to be in general agreement with the empirically determined NPS and DQE values. Finally, such calculations were used to predict potential DQE performance for hypothetical 50 {mu}m pixel pitch imagers, employing similar continuous photodiode design and realistic inputs derived from the empirical measurements.

  19. A forward bias method for lag correction of an a-Si flat panel detector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Starman, Jared; Tognina, Carlo; Partain, Larry; Fahrig, Rebecca [Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States) and Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, California 94304 (United States); Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

    2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Digital a-Si flat panel (FP) x-ray detectors can exhibit detector lag, or residual signal, of several percent that can cause ghosting in projection images or severe shading artifacts, known as the radar artifact, in cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) reconstructions. A major contributor to detector lag is believed to be defect states, or traps, in the a-Si layer of the FP. Software methods to characterize and correct for the detector lag exist, but they may make assumptions such as system linearity and time invariance, which may not be true. The purpose of this work is to investigate a new hardware based method to reduce lag in an a-Si FP and to evaluate its effectiveness at removing shading artifacts in CBCT reconstructions. The feasibility of a novel, partially hardware based solution is also examined. Methods: The proposed hardware solution for lag reduction requires only a minor change to the FP. For pulsed irradiation, the proposed method inserts a new operation step between the readout and data collection stages. During this new stage the photodiode is operated in a forward bias mode, which fills the defect states with charge. A Varian 4030CB panel was modified to allow for operation in the forward bias mode. The contrast of residual lag ghosts was measured for lag frames 2 and 100 after irradiation ceased for standard and forward bias modes. Detector step response, lag, SNR, modulation transfer function (MTF), and detective quantum efficiency (DQE) measurements were made with standard and forward bias firmware. CBCT data of pelvic and head phantoms were also collected. Results: Overall, the 2nd and 100th detector lag frame residual signals were reduced 70%-88% using the new method. SNR, MTF, and DQE measurements show a small decrease in collected signal and a small increase in noise. The forward bias hardware successfully reduced the radar artifact in the CBCT reconstruction of the pelvic and head phantoms by 48%-81%. Conclusions: Overall, the forward bias method has been found to greatly reduce detector lag ghosts in projection data and the radar artifact in CBCT reconstructions. The method is limited to improvements of the a-Si photodiode response only. A future hybrid mode may overcome any limitations of this method.

  20. Patterning of indium tin oxide by projection photoablation and lift-off process for fabrication of flat-panel displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Kanti

    Patterning of indium tin oxide by projection photoablation and lift-off process for fabrication online 25 June 2007 Indium tin oxide ITO , an important material used as a transparent conductive oxide in such fabrication. Therefore, innovations in patterning tech- nology, especially for materials such as indium tin

  1. Amorphous Diamond Flat Panel Displays - Final Report of ER-LTR CRADA project with SI Diamond Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ager III, Joel W.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Department of Energy under a CRADA (Cooperative Research andnm in size. Page 4 of 7 SIDT CRADA Final Report In order toFinal report of ER-LTR CRADA Project Lawrence Berkeley

  2. Asymmetric electrical properties of fork a-Si:H thin-film transistor and its application to flat panel displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kanicki, Jerzy

    of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA 2 LG-effect hydrogen- ated amorphous silicon a-Si:H solar cells to enhance out- put power.6 In an a-Si:H TFT, one pair

  3. Nitrogen incorporated ultrananocrystalline diamond based field emitter array for a flat-panel x-ray source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Posada, Chrystian M.; Grant, Edwin J.; Lee, Hyoung K.; Castaño, Carlos H., E-mail: castanoc@mst.edu [Nuclear Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, 220 Fulton Hall, Rolla, Missouri 65401 (United States); Divan, Ralu; Sumant, Anirudha V.; Rosenmann, Daniel; Stan, Liliana [Center for Nanoscale Materials, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

    2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A field emission based flat-panel transmission x-ray source is being developed as an alternative for medical and industrial imaging. A field emitter array (FEA) prototype based on nitrogen incorporated ultrananocrystalline diamond film has been fabricated to be used as the electron source of this flat panel x-ray source. The FEA prototype was developed using conventional microfabrication techniques. The field emission characteristics of the FEA prototype were evaluated. Results indicated that emission current densities of the order of 6?mA/cm{sup 2} could be obtained at electric fields as low as 10?V/?m to 20?V/?m. During the prototype microfabrication process, issues such as delamination of the extraction gate and poor etching of the SiO{sub 2} insulating layer located between the emitters and the extraction layer were encountered. Consequently, alternative FEA designs were investigated. Experimental and simulation data from the first FEA prototype were compared and the results were used to evaluate the performance of alternative single and double gate designs that would yield better field emission characteristics compared to the first FEA prototype. The best simulation results are obtained for the double gate FEA design, when the diameter of the collimator gate is around 2.6 times the diameter of the extraction gate.

  4. E-Print Network 3.0 - active matrix flat-panel Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 4.2: Design of an Improved Pixel for a Polysilicon Active Matrix Organic Light Emitting Diode Display Summary: 4.2: Design of an Improved Pixel for a Polysilicon Active...

  5. Cone-Beam CT with Flat-Panel-Detector Digital Angiography System: Early Experience in Abdominal Interventional Procedures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirota, Shozo, E-mail: hirota-s@hyo-med.ac.jp; Nakao, Norio; Yamamoto, Satoshi; Kobayashi, Kaoru; Maeda, Hiroaki; Ishikura, Reiichi; Miura, Koui; Sakamoto, Kiyoshi [Hyogo College of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Japan); Ueda, Ken [Hitachi Medical Corporation, Research and Development Center (Japan); Baba, Rika [Hitachi Limited, Central Research Laboratory (Japan)

    2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We developed a cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) system equipped with a large flat-panel detector. Data obtained by 200{sup o} rotation imaging are reconstructed by means of CBCT to generate three-dimensional images. We report the use of CBCT angiography using CBCT in 10 patients with 8 liver malignancies and 2 hypersplenisms during abdominal interventional procedures. CBCT was very useful for interventional radiologists to confirm a perfusion area of the artery catheter wedged on CT by injection of contrast media through the catheter tip, although the image quality was slightly degraded, scoring as 2.60 on average by streak artifacts. CBCT is space-saving because it does not require a CT system with a gantry, and it is also time-saving because it does not require the transfer of patients.

  6. Micro-valve pump light valve display

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yeechun Lee.

    1993-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A flat panel display incorporates a plurality of micro-pump light valves (MLV's) to form pixels for recreating an image. Each MLV consists of a dielectric drop sandwiched between substrates, at least one of which is transparent, a holding electrode for maintaining the drop outside a viewing area, and a switching electrode from accelerating the drop from a location within the holding electrode to a location within the viewing area. The sustrates may further define non-wetting surface areas to create potential energy barriers to assist in controlling movement of the drop. The forces acting on the drop are quadratic in nature to provide a nonlinear response for increased image contrast. A crossed electrode structure can be used to activate the pixels whereby a large flat panel display is formed without active driver components at each pixel.

  7. TacRead, or Tactile Readout Device, is a novel and affordable refreshable braille display. People with blindness perceive braille alphabets formed by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Subhashis

    Read. It has been identified as a potential solution to the low-cost Braille display challenge modules have been developed, prototyped and tested. Efforts for fabrication of displays for large not only motivated and driven the process, but kept it pointed towards the right direction as well. About

  8. Journal of Information Display, vol. 5, no. 4, 2004 2004 KIDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jong Duk

    and low power consumption and expected to be a good candidate for large- size flat panel display these, CNT has unique characteristics such as a high aspect ratio, a small radius, and a high electrical Government and, in part by KRRC 2004 program. * Members, KIDS Corresponding Author : Sang Jik Kwon a

  9. Does Preinterventional Flat-Panel Computer Tomography Pooled Blood Volume Mapping Predict Final Infarct Volume After Mechanical Thrombectomy in Acute Cerebral Artery Occlusion?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wagner, Marlies, E-mail: marlies.wagner@kgu.de [Hospital of Goethe University, Institute of Neuroradiology (Germany); Kyriakou, Yiannis, E-mail: yiannis.kyriakou@siemens.com [Siemens AG, Health Care Sector (Germany); Mesnil de Rochemont, Richard du, E-mail: mesnil@em.uni-frankfurt.de [Hospital of Goethe University, Institute of Neuroradiology (Germany); Singer, Oliver C., E-mail: o.singer@em.uni-frankfurt.de [Hospital of Goethe University, Department of Neurology (Germany); Berkefeld, Joachim, E-mail: berkefeld@em.uni-frankfurt.de [Hospital of Goethe University, Institute of Neuroradiology (Germany)

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PurposeDecreased cerebral blood volume is known to be a predictor for final infarct volume in acute cerebral artery occlusion. To evaluate the predictability of final infarct volume in patients with acute occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) or the distal internal carotid artery (ICA) and successful endovascular recanalization, pooled blood volume (PBV) was measured using flat-panel detector computed tomography (FPD CT).Materials and MethodsTwenty patients with acute unilateral occlusion of the MCA or distal ACI without demarcated infarction, as proven by CT at admission, and successful Thrombolysis in cerebral infarction score (TICI 2b or 3) endovascular thrombectomy were included. Cerebral PBV maps were acquired from each patient immediately before endovascular thrombectomy. Twenty-four hours after recanalization, each patient underwent multislice CT to visualize final infarct volume. Extent of the areas of decreased PBV was compared with the final infarct volume proven by follow-up CT the next day.ResultsIn 15 of 20 patients, areas of distinct PBV decrease corresponded to final infarct volume. In 5 patients, areas of decreased PBV overestimated final extension of ischemia probably due to inappropriate timing of data acquisition and misery perfusion.ConclusionPBV mapping using FPD CT is a promising tool to predict areas of irrecoverable brain parenchyma in acute thromboembolic stroke. Further validation is necessary before routine use for decision making for interventional thrombectomy.

  10. An investigation of signal performance enhancements achieved through innovative pixel design across several generations of indirect detection, active matrix, flat-panel arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Antonuk, Larry E.; Zhao Qihua; El-Mohri, Youcef; Du Hong; Wang Yi; Street, Robert A.; Ho, Jackson; Weisfield, Richard; Yao, William [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), 3333 Coyote Hill Road, Palo Alto, California 94304 (United States); dpiX, 3406 Hillview Avenue, Palo Alto, California 94304 (United States)

    2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Active matrix flat-panel imager (AMFPI) technology is being employed for an increasing variety of imaging applications. An important element in the adoption of this technology has been significant ongoing improvements in optical signal collection achieved through innovations in indirect detection array pixel design. Such improvements have a particularly beneficial effect on performance in applications involving low exposures and/or high spatial frequencies, where detective quantum efficiency is strongly reduced due to the relatively high level of additive electronic noise compared to signal levels of AMFPI devices. In this article, an examination of various signal properties, as determined through measurements and calculations related to novel array designs, is reported in the context of the evolution of AMFPI pixel design. For these studies, dark, optical, and radiation signal measurements were performed on prototype imagers incorporating a variety of increasingly sophisticated array designs, with pixel pitches ranging from 75 to 127 {mu}m. For each design, detailed measurements of fundamental pixel-level properties conducted under radiographic and fluoroscopic operating conditions are reported and the results are compared. A series of 127 {mu}m pitch arrays employing discrete photodiodes culminated in a novel design providing an optical fill factor of {approx}80% (thereby assuring improved x-ray sensitivity), and demonstrating low dark current, very low charge trapping and charge release, and a large range of linear signal response. In two of the designs having 75 and 90 {mu}m pitches, a novel continuous photodiode structure was found to provide fill factors that approach the theoretical maximum of 100%. Both sets of novel designs achieved large fill factors by employing architectures in which some, or all of the photodiode structure was elevated above the plane of the pixel addressing transistor. Generally, enhancement of the fill factor in either discrete or continuous photodiode arrays was observed to result in no degradation in MTF due to charge sharing between pixels. While the continuous designs exhibited relatively high levels of charge trapping and release, as well as shorter ranges of linearity, it is possible that these behaviors can be addressed through further refinements to pixel design. Both the continuous and the most recent discrete photodiode designs accommodate more sophisticated pixel circuitry than is present on conventional AMFPIs - such as a pixel clamp circuit, which is demonstrated to limit signal saturation under conditions corresponding to high exposures. It is anticipated that photodiode structures such as the ones reported in this study will enable the development of even more complex pixel circuitry, such as pixel-level amplifiers, that will lead to further significant improvements in imager performance.

  11. Low Voltage, Low Power Organic Light Emitting Transistors for AMOLED Displays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCarthy, M. A. [University of Florida, Gainesville; Liu, B. [University of Florida, Gainesville; Donoghue, E. P. [University of Florida, Gainesville; Kravchenko, Ivan I [ORNL; Kim, D. Y. [University of Florida, Gainesville; Reynolds, J. R. [University of Florida, Gainesville; So, Franky [University of Florida, Gainesville; Rinzler, A. G. [University of Florida, Gainesville

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Low voltage, low power dissipation, high aperture ratio organic light emitting transistors are demonstrated. The high level of performance is enabled by a carbon nanotube source electrode that permits integration of the drive transistor and the organic light emitting diode into an efficient single stacked device. Given the demonstrated performance, this technology could break the technical logjam holding back widespread deployment of active matrix organic light emitting displays at flat panel screen sizes.

  12. Junction-based field emission structure for field emission display

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dinh, Long N. (Concord, CA); Balooch, Mehdi (Berkeley, CA); McLean, II, William (Oakland, CA); Schildbach, Marcus A. (Livermore, CA)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A junction-based field emission display, wherein the junctions are formed by depositing a semiconducting or dielectric, low work function, negative electron affinity (NEA) silicon-based compound film (SBCF) onto a metal or n-type semiconductor substrate. The SBCF can be doped to become a p-type semiconductor. A small forward bias voltage is applied across the junction so that electron transport is from the substrate into the SBCF region. Upon entering into this NEA region, many electrons are released into the vacuum level above the SBCF surface and accelerated toward a positively biased phosphor screen anode, hence lighting up the phosphor screen for display. To turn off, simply switch off the applied potential across the SBCF/substrate. May be used for field emission flat panel displays.

  13. a-Si:H HEX-TFTs, a New Technology for Flat Panel Displays Hojin Lee*, Juhn S. Yoo**, C.-D. Kim**, In Byeong Kang**, and Jerzy Kanicki*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kanicki, Jerzy

    **, In Byeong Kang**, and Jerzy Kanicki* * Solid-State Electronics Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA ** LG Philips LCD the electronic proper- ties of multiple HEX-TFT connected in parallel, we first measured the output

  14. Radiation Exposure in Biliary Procedures Performed to Manage Anastomotic Strictures in Pediatric Liver Transplant Recipients: Comparison Between Radiation Exposure Levels Using an Image Intensifier and a Flat-Panel Detector-Based System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miraglia, Roberto, E-mail: rmiraglia@ismett.edu; Maruzzelli, Luigi [Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies (ISMETT), Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy)] [Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies (ISMETT), Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy); Tuzzolino, Fabio [Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies (ISMETT), Department of Information Technology (Italy)] [Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies (ISMETT), Department of Information Technology (Italy); Indovina, Pietro Luigi [Medical Physic ISMETT Consultant, Fismeco (Italy)] [Medical Physic ISMETT Consultant, Fismeco (Italy); Luca, Angelo [Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies (ISMETT), Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy)] [Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies (ISMETT), Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy)

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to estimate radiation exposure in pediatric liver transplants recipients who underwent biliary interventional procedures and to compare radiation exposure levels between biliary interventional procedures performed using an image intensifier-based angiographic system (IIDS) and a flat panel detector-based interventional system (FPDS). Materials and Methods: We enrolled 34 consecutive pediatric liver transplant recipients with biliary strictures between January 2008 and March 2013 with a total of 170 image-guided procedures. The dose-area product (DAP) and fluoroscopy time was recorded for each procedure. The mean age was 61 months (range 4-192), and mean weight was 17 kg (range 4-41). The procedures were classified into three categories: percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography and biliary catheter placement (n = 40); cholangiography and balloon dilatation (n = 55); and cholangiography and biliary catheter change or removal (n = 75). Ninety-two procedures were performed using an IIDS. Seventy-eight procedures performed after July 2010 were performed using an FPDS. The difference in DAP between the two angiographic systems was compared using Wilcoxon rank-sum test and a multiple linear regression model. Results: Mean DAP in the three categories was significantly greater in the group of procedures performed using the IIDS compared with those performed using the FPDS. Statistical analysis showed a p value = 0.001 for the PTBD group, p = 0.0002 for the cholangiogram and balloon dilatation group, and p = 0.00001 for the group with cholangiogram and biliary catheter change or removal. Conclusion: In our selected cohort of patients, the use of an FPDS decreases radiation exposure.

  15. Final Report of Project Nanometer Structures for Fuel Cells and Displays, etc.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ji, Qing

    2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Low-energy ion beam bombardment induced self-assembly has been used to form various periodic nano-size wave-ordered structures (WOS). Such WOS can be used as hard etching masks to produce nanowire arrays, trenches etc., on other materials by means of traditional etching or ion sputtering. These periodic nano-size structures have a wide range of applications, including flat panel displays, optical electronics, and clean energy technologies (solar and fuel cells, lithium batteries). In order to achieve high throughput of the above processes, a large area RF-driven multicusp nitrogen ion source has been developed for the application of nitrogen ion beam induced surface modification. An integrated ion beam system, which can house either a large area RF-driven multicusp ion source or a commercially available microwave ion source (Roth & Rau AG Tamiris 400-f) have been designed, manufactured, assembled, and tested.

  16. Method of fabrication of display pixels driven by silicon thin film transistors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carey, Paul G. (Mountain View, CA); Smith, Patrick M. (San Ramon, CA)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Display pixels driven by silicon thin film transistors are fabricated on plastic substrates for use in active matrix displays, such as flat panel displays. The process for forming the pixels involves a prior method for forming individual silicon thin film transistors on low-temperature plastic substrates. Low-temperature substrates are generally considered as being incapable of withstanding sustained processing temperatures greater than about 200.degree. C. The pixel formation process results in a complete pixel and active matrix pixel array. A pixel (or picture element) in an active matrix display consists of a silicon thin film transistor (TFT) and a large electrode, which may control a liquid crystal light valve, an emissive material (such as a light emitting diode or LED), or some other light emitting or attenuating material. The pixels can be connected in arrays wherein rows of pixels contain common gate electrodes and columns of pixels contain common drain electrodes. The source electrode of each pixel TFT is connected to its pixel electrode, and is electrically isolated from every other circuit element in the pixel array.

  17. Eyeglasses-free display: towards correcting visual aberrations with computational light field displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Fu-Chung

    Millions of people worldwide need glasses or contact lenses to see or read properly. We introduce a computational display technology that predistorts the presented content for an observer, so that the target image is ...

  18. Solid State Sciences 4 (2002) 317322 www.elsevier.com/locate/ssscie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as electrodes in solar cells, flat panel displays and other commercial devices. For instance, the in- dustry TCO

  19. Cytoplasmic bacteriophage display system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Studier, F. William (Stony Brook, NY); Rosenberg, Alan H. (Setauket, NY)

    1998-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed are display vectors comprising DNA encoding a portion of a structural protein from a cytoplasmic bacteriophage, joined covalently to a protein or peptide of interest. Exemplified are display vectors wherein the structural protein is the T7 bacteriophage capsid protein. More specifically, in the exemplified display vectors the C-terminal amino acid residue of the portion of the capsid protein is joined to the N-terminal residue of the protein or peptide of interest. The portion of the T7 capsid protein exemplified comprises an N-terminal portion corresponding to form 10B of the T7 capsid protein. The display vectors are useful for high copy number display or lower copy number display (with larger fusion). Compositions of the type described herein are useful in connection with methods for producing a virus displaying a protein or peptide of interest.

  20. Cytoplasmic bacteriophage display system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Studier, F.W.; Rosenberg, A.H.

    1998-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed are display vectors comprising DNA encoding a portion of a structural protein from a cytoplasmic bacteriophage, joined covalently to a protein or peptide of interest. Exemplified are display vectors wherein the structural protein is the T7 bacteriophage capsid protein. More specifically, in the exemplified display vectors the C-terminal amino acid residue of the portion of the capsid protein is joined to the N-terminal residue of the protein or peptide of interest. The portion of the T7 capsid protein exemplified comprises an N-terminal portion corresponding to form 10B of the T7 capsid protein. The display vectors are useful for high copy number display or lower copy number display (with larger fusion). Compositions of the type described herein are useful in connection with methods for producing a virus displaying a protein or peptide of interest. 1 fig.

  1. Display blocks : cubic displays for multi-perspective visualizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pla i Conesa, Pol

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis details the design, execution and evaluation of a new type of display technology, known as Display Blocks. Display Blocks are a response to two major limitations of current displays: visualization and interaction. ...

  2. Image display device in digital TV

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Choi, Seung Jong (Seoul, KR)

    2006-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed is an image display device in a digital TV that is capable of carrying out the conversion into various kinds of resolution by using single bit map data in the digital TV. The image display device includes: a data processing part for executing bit map conversion, compression, restoration and format-conversion for text data; a memory for storing the bit map data obtained according to the bit map conversion and compression in the data processing part and image data inputted from an arbitrary receiving part, the receiving part receiving one of digital image data and analog image data; an image outputting part for reading the image data from the memory; and a display processing part for mixing the image data read from the image outputting part and the bit map data converted in format from the a data processing part. Therefore, the image display device according to the present invention can convert text data in such a manner as to correspond with various resolution, carry out the compression for bit map data, thereby reducing the memory space, and support text data of an HTML format, thereby providing the image with the text data of various shapes.

  3. Split image optical display

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Veligdan, James T. (Manorville, NY)

    2007-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A video image is displayed from an optical panel by splitting the image into a plurality of image components, and then projecting the image components through corresponding portions of the panel to collectively form the image. Depth of the display is correspondingly reduced.

  4. Polyplanar optical display electronics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeSanto, L.; Biscardi, C. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States). Dept. of Advanced Technology

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Polyplanar Optical Display (POD) is a unique display screen which can be used with any projection source. The prototype ten inch display is two inches thick and has a matte black face which allows for high contrast images. The prototype being developed is a form, fit and functional replacement display for the B-52 aircraft which uses a monochrome ten-inch display. In order to achieve a long lifetime, the new display uses a 100 milliwatt green solid-state laser (10,000 hr. life) at 532 nm as its light source. To produce real-time video, the laser light is being modulated by a Digital Light Processing (DLP{trademark}) chip manufactured by Texas Instruments. In order to use the solid-state laser as the light source and also fit within the constraints of the B-52 display, the Digital Micromirror Device (DMD{trademark}) circuit board is removed from the Texas Instruments DLP light engine assembly. Due to the compact architecture of the projection system within the display chassis, the DMD{trademark} chip is operated remotely from the Texas Instruments circuit board. The authors discuss the operation of the DMD{trademark} divorced from the light engine and the interfacing of the DMD{trademark} board with various video formats (CVBS, Y/C or S-video and RGB) including the format specific to the B-52 aircraft. A brief discussion of the electronics required to drive the laser is also presented.

  5. Reading the GL008 Revenue & Expense Activity report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    Reading the GL008 Revenue & Expense Activity report Cognos FMS111 Reporting 7/23/13 - rb Reading the GL008 ­ job aid NEED HELP? Call 847-491-HELP consultant@northwestern.edu © 2013 Northwestern University Page 1 of 2 The GL008 Revenue and Expense Activity Report displays all transactions affecting

  6. Reading the GL005 Summary Budget Status report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    Reading the GL005 Summary Budget Status report Cognos FMS111 Reporting Reference Reading the GL005 University Page 1 of 2 The GL005 Summary Budget Status Report displays the budget amounts and remaining Project Budget Statement. This report pairs well with the related GL008 Revenue and Expense Activity

  7. Computational immersive displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Novy, Daniel E. (Daniel Edward)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Immersion is an oft-quoted but ill-defined term used to describe a viewer or participant's sense of engagement with a visual display system or participatory media. Traditionally, advances in immersive quality came at the ...

  8. Solar display kiosk

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clarke, R.A.W.

    1984-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A solar display kiosk particularly to a display kiosk that during day time conditions is illuminated by the sun. It provides, in its preferred embodiment, a closed cylindrical member placed in the vertical position with an open or a closed but light transmissive upper end, which acts as a receiver for solar or ambient light. A circumferential band at the top of the kiosk acts a shading member to place regions immediately beneath such band into shade either totally or in part (umbra and penumbra). Translucent display materials are mounted in the walls of the cylinder in the zones of umbra or penumbra. To the viewer they appear to be highly illuminated, the illumination coming from the solar light entering into the center of the cylinder.

  9. Covered Product Category: Displays

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    FEMP provides acquisition guidance and Federal efficiency requirements across a variety of product categories, including displays, which are covered by the ENERGY STAR program. Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

  10. Display Size Wireless LAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katsumoto, Shingo

    .) - Security sofware ­ESET Smart Security. No Reuse PC with English OS for this time. PC PC Code Image Brand PC PC Code Image Brand Model F008 Panasonic CF-W2 Pentium733 M 1.10GHz 256MB 40GB 12.1 inch 1.0kg System Memory HDD Display Size Weight OS Accessory LAN Wireless LAN Remarks PC PC Code Image Brand

  11. E-Print Network 3.0 - antenna faraday shield Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the characteristics of plasmas... for the application to the flat panel display manufacturing. The use of the double-comb-type antenna instead Source: Yeom, Geun Young -...

  12. Precise Application of Transparent Conductive Oxide Coatings...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Precise Application of Transparent Conductive Oxide Coatings for Flat Panel Displays and Photovoltaic Cells Technology available for licensing: New transparent conducting oxide...

  13. FUNCTIONAL NEUROIMAGING STUDIES OF READING AND READING DISABILITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FUNCTIONAL NEUROIMAGING STUDIES OF READING AND READING DISABILITY (DEVELOPMENTAL DYSLEXIA) Kenneth in develop- mental dyslexia. Reading disabled readers, relative to nonimpaired readers, demonstrate Reviews 2000;6:207­213. Key Words: dyslexia; neuroimaging; reading; lexical processing; phonol- ogy R

  14. Display blocks: cubic displays for multi-perspective visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pla i Conesa, Pol

    We propose the design, implementation and evaluation of a set of tangible cubic displays. This novel approach to display technology consists of arranging six organic light emitting diode screens in a cubic form factor. We ...

  15. CRITICAL MATERIALS MUSEUM DISPLAY

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to someone6Energy,MUSEUM DISPLAY STATUS AND "HOW-TO" REPORT NO.

  16. 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim Adv. Mater. 2010, 22, 355835633558 www.advmat.de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wei Hua

    remove a significant barrier to the development of low-cost flexible displays, lighting, and solar cells-film solar cells.[1] The market for flat-panel displays alone is worth approx- imately $90 billion per year of applications, including low-emissivity windows, flat-panel displays, touch-sensitive control panels, and thin

  17. Black optic display

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Veligdan, James T. (Manorville, NY)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An optical display includes a plurality of stacked optical waveguides having first and second opposite ends collectively defining an image input face and an image screen, respectively, with the screen being oblique to the input face. Each of the waveguides includes a transparent core bound by a cladding layer having a lower index of refraction for effecting internal reflection of image light transmitted into the input face to project an image on the screen, with each of the cladding layers including a cladding cap integrally joined thereto at the waveguide second ends. Each of the cores is beveled at the waveguide second end so that the cladding cap is viewable through the transparent core. Each of the cladding caps is black for absorbing external ambient light incident upon the screen for improving contrast of the image projected internally on the screen.

  18. The Flexible Display Center and Universal Display Corporation Produce Flexible, Full-Color AMOLED Prototype Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhoads, James

    diode (AMOLED) display prototypes using the Center's bond/de-bond manufacturing/de-bond manufacturing process represents a tremendous step forward in the advancement of flexible Display's phosphorescent red, green and blue OLED materials, which have already

  19. Evaluation of Loss Factor Estimation Techniques for Free Hanging Flat Panels Excited Mechanically

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dande, Himanshu Amol

    2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    with simulated LF = 0.1 and fn=1000 Hz). ................................................................................. 155 Figure C.2: Study of the effect of number of triggers on dB decay (for a 1DOF system with simulated LF = 0.01 and fn=1000 Hz...) ................................................................................ 155 Figure C.3: Study of effect of number of triggers on loss factor estimation (for a 1DOF system with simulated LF = 0.1) ....................................................................................... 157 Figure C.4: Study of effect...

  20. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 84, 035315 (2011) Theoretical analysis of the crystal structure, band-gap energy, polarization, and piezoelectric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    have already been incorporated in flat panel displays and solar cells as transparent electrodesO can be tailored by alloying ZnO with BeO for applications such as electrodes in flat panel displays and solar cells, blue and ultraviolet (UV) light emitting devices, and highly sensitive UV detectors. We

  1. Journal of Materials Research http://journals.cambridge.org/JMR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCluskey, Matthew

    and heated freezer windows.8 A dom- inant market for TCOs is provided by flat-panel displays (TCOs) are currently used in products such as flat-panel displays. The prevailing n-type conductivity (ITO), as a transparent electrode. ITO is also used as the front contact in photovoltaic solar cells.9

  2. Field emission from organic materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kymissis, Ioannis, 1977-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Field emission displays (FEDs) show great promise as high performance flat panel displays. The light emission process is efficient, long lifetimes are possible with high brightness, and bright passive matrix displays can ...

  3. Plumpton College Horse riding displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bontcheva, Kalina

    Plumpton College · Horse riding displays · Forestry demonstrations · Small animals · Tractor: enquiries@plumpton.ac.uk Tel: 01273 890454 www.plumpton.ac.uk Advice on all courses and career opportunities

  4. Stamping colloidal photonic crystals: a facile way towards complex pixel colour patterns for sensing and displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, Tao; Smoukov, Stoyan K.; Baumberg, Jeremy J.

    2014-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    , the infiltration efficiency can be further improved and easily read out from changes in reflection intensity and spectral peak shifts. Integrating these nano-architectures into devices can thus yield function as image displays and as sensors for solvents... years for sensing and image displays.10–15 This integrated colour patterning system has unique advan- tages over competitive organic colour systems (as CPCs are non-toxic, environmentally friendly and non-photo-bleaching) and can be actively tuned...

  5. Approved 10-06 Clemson University: Master of Education in Reading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Steven J.

    coursework. II. Reading Teacher & Reading Consultant certifications + Reading Recovery Training Organizing and Supervising Reading Programs 3 hours READ 864 Teaching Secondary School Reading 3 hours READ Plan II. Reading Recovery Teacher, Reading Teacher & Reading Consultant READ 880 Reading Recovery

  6. Reading context in design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agrawal, Vivek

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study explores how, in the process of design, the reading of an existing order in the organizing features of a setting potentiates form. For this purpose, a design exercise on a site in the city of Jaipur in India has ...

  7. Reading Arendt in Iran/Reading Iran through Arendt: Speech,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    Reading Arendt in Iran/Reading Iran through Arendt: Speech, Action, and the Question Arendt in Iran/Reading Iran through Arendt: Speech, Action, and the Question of Street Politics for Arendt readers in the postrevolutionary context of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Arendt's skepticism

  8. INTERACTIVE COMPUTER GRAPHICS DISPLAYS FOR HIERARCHICAL DATA STRUCTURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cahn, D.F.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    INTERACTIVE COMPUTER GRAPHICS DISPLAYS FOR HIERARCHICAL DATAINTERACTIVE COMPUTER GRAPHICS DISPLAYS FOR HIERARCHICAL DATAtem. INTERACTIVE COMPUTER GRAPHICS DISPLAYS FOR HIERARCHICAL

  9. WIPP - Public Reading Facilities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption byAbout Printable Version Bookmark and Wind FOIA Public Reading

  10. Display Blocks: a Set of Cubic Displays for Tangible, Multi-Perspective Data Exploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maes, Pattie

    This paper details the design and implementation of a new type of display technology. Display Blocks are a response to two major limitations of current displays: dimensional compression and physical-digital disconnect. ...

  11. Reading Acquisition, Developmental Dyslexia, and Skilled Reading Across Languages: A Psycholinguistic Grain Size Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Port, Robert

    Reading Acquisition, Developmental Dyslexia, and Skilled Reading Across Languages representations and accompanying differences in developmental reading strategies and the manifestation of dyslexia

  12. International House Collection / Stanley Read (collector)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Todd C.

    International House Collection / Stanley Read (collector) Revised by Erwin Wodarczak (2010 (collector). - 1953-1955. 2 cm of textual records. Biographical Sketch Born in Quebec, Stanley Read earned

  13. DISPLAYING AND INTERPRETING FLUID INCLUSION STRATIGRAPHY ANALYSES...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    This is the fourth paper in a series on developing fluid inclusion stratigraphy (FIS) as a logging tool for geothermal bore holes. Here we address methods of displaying...

  14. E-Print Network 3.0 - active-matrix organic light-emitting Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    24 Room-temperature deposition of thin-film indium tin oxide on micro-fabricated color filters and its application to flat-panel displays Summary: , "Active-Matrix Organic...

  15. E-Print Network 3.0 - argon doped sputtered Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    82 Room-temperature deposition of thin-film indium tin oxide on micro-fabricated color filters and its application to flat-panel displays Summary: dc m agnetron sputtering of...

  16. Thin optic surface analysis for high resolution X-ray telescopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akilian, Mireille

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The art of glass developed throughout the years has covered artifacts ranging from crude ornaments to high precision optics used in flat panel displays, hard disk drives, and x-ray telescopes. Methods for manufacturing ...

  17. Single-Crystalline Branched Zinc Phosphide Nanostructures: Synthesis,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    optoelectronic devices, including solar cells, flat panel displays, and light emitting diodes (LEDs). Most of the optoelectronic devices having a TC are fabricated on indium tin oxide (ITO) coated substrates because

  18. CdO as the Archetypical Transparent Conducting Oxide. Systematics of Dopant Ionic Radius and Electronic Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medvedeva, Julia E.

    the last two decades as critical components of flat panel displays, solar cells, and low-emissivity windowsO-based TCO crystal and band structure: (1) lattice parameters contract as a function of dopant ionic radii

  19. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 85, 155101 (2012) Electronic properties of layered multicomponent wide-band-gap oxides: A combinatorial approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medvedeva, Julia E.

    devices including solar cells, smart windows, and flat panel displays, and they also find application as heating, antistatic, and optical coatings (for select reviews, see Refs. 1­7). Multicomponent TCOs

  20. SHEN ET AL. VOL. 5 ' NO. 8 ' 61486155 ' 2011 www.acsnano.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    electronics, flat panel displays, light-emitting diodes, solar cells, and gas sensors. Over the past years sections via a rapid heating process.30 Zhou * Address correspondence to gzshen@mail.hust.edu.cn, zhong

  1. The {mu}Mural : a six-projector tiled display.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Judson, I. R.

    2002-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Tiled displays have become a recent technical solution to aggregating commodity displays in order to provide higher resolution displays. This document describes the background, design, and implementation of the micromural, a six projector tiled display developed at Argonne National Laboratory.

  2. Flat panel X-ray detector with reduced internal scattering for improved attenuation accuracy and dynamic range

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smith, Peter D. (Santa Fe, NM); Claytor, Thomas N. (White Rock, NM); Berry, Phillip C. (Albuquerque, NM); Hills, Charles R. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    An x-ray detector is disclosed that has had all unnecessary material removed from the x-ray beam path, and all of the remaining material in the beam path made as light and as low in atomic number as possible. The resulting detector is essentially transparent to x-rays and, thus, has greatly reduced internal scatter. The result of this is that x-ray attenuation data measured for the object under examination are much more accurate and have an increased dynamic range. The benefits of this improvement are that beam hardening corrections can be made accurately, that computed tomography reconstructions can be used for quantitative determination of material properties including density and atomic number, and that lower exposures may be possible as a result of the increased dynamic range.

  3. Evaluation of Effective Dose During Abdominal Three-Dimensional Imaging for Three Flat-Panel-Detector Angiography Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suzuki, Shigeru, E-mail: shig.suz@gmail.com [Saitama Red Cross Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan); Yamaguchi, Ichiro [National Institute of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health (Japan); Kidouchi, Takashi; Yamamoto, Asako [Teikyo University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Japan); Masumoto, Tomohiko [Tsukuba University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan); Ozaki, Yutaka [Juntendo University Nerima Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan)

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effective dose during abdominal three-dimensional (3D) imaging on phantoms and estimate the dose-area product (DAP) for effective dose conversion factors for three types of angiographic units. Three-dimensional imaging was performed for three sizes (small, medium, large) of human-shaped phantoms using three types of angiographic units (Allura Xper FD20/10, INNOVA 4100, AXIOM Artis dTA). We calculated 25 organ doses and effective doses using Monte Carlo technique for the three phantoms with a program for a personal computer. As benchmark studies to back up the results by Monte Carlo technique, we measured the organ doses directly on the small phantom using radiophotoluminescent glass dosimeters. The DAP value increased as the phantom size increased. The organ doses and the effective doses during the 3D imaging increased as the phantom size increased. The effective doses for the small phantom by Monte Carlo technique were 1.9, 2.2, and 2.1 mSv for the Allura Xper FD20/10, INNOVA 4100, and AXIOM Artis dTA, respectively, while those by direct measurement were 1.6, 2.0, and 2.6 mSv. The effective doses to DAP ratios by Monte Carlo technique were 0.37-0.45, 0.26-0.32, and 0.13-0.15 (mSv Gy{sup -1}cm{sup -2}) for the Allura Xper FD20/10, INNOVA 4100, and AXIOM Artis dTA, respectively. In conclusion, the effective doses during 3D imaging and the dose-to-DAP ratios differ among angiographic units, and the effective dose can be estimated using a proper conversion factor for each angiographic unit.

  4. PUBLISHED ONLINE: 1 MAY 2011 | DOI: 10.1038/NMAT3013 High-performance flat-panel solar thermoelectric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    by mechanical heat engines in large power plants, and household heat supply by means of solar hot-water systems

  5. Assessment of the impact of large CRTs and flat panel monitors on productivity and quality in an insurance company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Michael Federico

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    to thank the National Science Foundation Industry/University Cooperative Research Center in Ergonomics and Hitachi, Inc. for their financial and equipment donations, which made this study possible. I would also like to recognize USAA for their support... in research to make business decisions based upon sound scientific practices. Lastly, I want to acknowledge NSF (National Science Foundation) industry partners, Dr. Gordon Vos, Erin Walline, and fellow TAMU safety engineering graduate students...

  6. Real time speech formant analyzer and display

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Holland, G.E.; Struve, W.S.; Homer, J.F.

    1987-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A speech analyzer for interpretation of sound includes a sound input which converts the sound into a signal representing the sound. The signal is passed through a plurality of frequency pass filters to derive a plurality of frequency formants. These formants are converted to voltage signals by frequency-to-voltage converters and then are prepared for visual display in continuous real time. Parameters from the inputted sound are also derived and displayed. The display may then be interpreted by the user. The preferred embodiment includes a microprocessor which is interfaced with a television set for displaying of the sound formants. The microprocessor software enables the sound analyzer to present a variety of display modes for interpretive and therapeutic used by the user. 19 figs.

  7. Brain Bases of Reading Fluency in Typical Reading and Impaired Fluency in Dyslexia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christodoulou, Joanna

    Although the neural systems supporting single word reading are well studied, there are limited direct comparisons between typical and dyslexic readers of the neural correlates of reading fluency. Reading fluency deficits ...

  8. Image fusion for a nighttime driving display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrington, William Frederick

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An investigation into image fusion for a nighttime driving display application was performed. Most of the image fusion techniques being investigated in this application were developed for other purposes. When comparing the ...

  9. Tailored displays to compensate for visual aberrations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pamplona, Vitor F.

    We introduce tailored displays that enhance visual acuity by decomposing virtual objects and placing the resulting anisotropic pieces into the subject's focal range. The goal is to free the viewer from needing wearable ...

  10. Beacon data acquisition and display system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Skogmo, D.G.; Black, B.D.

    1991-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A system for transmitting aircraft beacon information received by a secondary surveillance radar through telephone lines to a remote display includes a digitizer connected to the radar for preparing a serial file of data records containing position and identification information of the beacons detected by each sweep of the radar. This information is transmitted through the telephone lines to a remote computer where it is displayed. 6 figures.

  11. A high brightness field emission display

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Palevsky, A. [Raytheon Co., Quincy, MA (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The military requirement for avionics display performance requires that displays be legible with 10,000 foot-candles (fc) bright light shining into the pilot`s eyes, or 10,000 fc shining directly on the display. The contrast ratio under these conditions must be at least 4.66:1. In addition, instant-on operation is sought for temperatures as low as {minus}54 C. Currently these specifications can barely be met by monochrome CRTs whose use is counter-indicated by other factors. No color display can achieve optimum performance in the areas mentioned, nor do any current contenders, primarily AMLCD`s, have any prospects of achieving full compliance. The FED being developed by Raytheon shows strong promise of being able to achieve the brightness and contrast ratios desired. The FED is also inherently able to provide instant-on functionality at any terrestrial temperature and does not require any heating at low temperatures. The technical objective of the Raytheon development program is to develop a high performance, full color, FED Panel that meets the performance and environmental operating condition requirements specified for military and other high performance display applications.

  12. Module 4Module 4 CPU SchedulingCPU Scheduling Reading: Chapter 5Reading: Chapter 5Reading: Chapter 5Reading: Chapter 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stojmenovic, Ivan

    to execute, and then give the control to it If we want efficient resource utilization, we need CPU scheduling preemptive scheduling? DispatcherDispatcher Dispatcher module gives control of the CPU to the process1 Module 4Module 4 ­­ CPU SchedulingCPU Scheduling Reading: Chapter 5Reading: Chapter 5Reading

  13. Random and Raster: Display Technologies and the Development of Videogames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montfort, Nick

    Videogame developers have utilized many types of display technology, from oscilloscopes to Teletypes to high-definition LCD displays. Two significant early display technologies, raster scan and random scan CRTs, played a ...

  14. JOURNAL OF DISPLAY TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 7, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2011 583 Display Technology Letters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heikenfeld, Jason

    displays (EWDs) have been pur- sued primarily [1], [2] for reflective electronic paper [3]. Transmissive was supported in part by NSF Career Award 0640964, by LG Display (Korea), and by ITRI (Taiwan). A. Schultz and J. Heikenfeld are with the School of Electronics and Com- puting Systems, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati

  15. Read

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fineprint Bookclub

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Iycamo frwl , .... h!ottI$. WMeh .... III ,... ..... ,..nIl -Thn ... rnony.11fIIII1 I hMl_ a11111. ~ by ~ Sir'lgh and Mark Thly, ond I """" rd wrtt­ t .. 'GhorrQ. PaiWwu' by D" nLllh C_ GIUIam. WNch ...... _IIII,... ... III,... • __ 111 ___ 18 ,-, Th...

  16. Covered Product Category: Displays and Monitors

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    FEMP provides acquisition guidance and Federal efficiency requirements across a variety of product categories, including displays, which are covered by the ENERGY STAR program. Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

  17. Tables in Context: Integrating Horizontal Displays with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klemmer, Scott

    design challenges for tabletop interfaces: integrating access to public and private information, managing a cooperative gesture to organize digital documents on an interactive table. Our tabletop interface designTables in Context: Integrating Horizontal Displays with Ubicomp Environments Abstract Our work

  18. Reading File Bonneville Power Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared at 278, 298, andEpidermalOxide Fuel CellsReaction ofReading File

  19. Large High Resolution Displays for Co-Located Collaborative Sensemaking: Display Usage and Territoriality

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bradel, Lauren; Endert, Alexander; Koch, Kristen; Andrews, Christopher; North, Chris

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Large, high-resolution vertical displays carry the potential to increase the accuracy of collaborative sensemaking, given correctly designed visual analytics tools. From an exploratory user study using a fictional textual intelligence analysis task, we investigated how users interact with the display to construct spatial schemas and externalize information, as well as how they establish shared and private territories. We investigated the space management strategies of users partitioned by type of tool philosophy followed (visualization- or text-centric). We classified the types of territorial behavior exhibited in terms of how the users interacted with information on the display (integrated or independent workspaces). Next, we examined how territorial behavior impacted the common ground between the pairs of users. Finally, we offer design suggestions for building future co-located collaborative visual analytics tools specifically for use on large, high-resolution vertical displays.

  20. Eyeglasses-free Display: Towards Correcting Visual Aberrations with Computational Light Field Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Brien, James F.

    Eyeglasses-free Display: Towards Correcting Visual Aberrations with Computational Light Field of the population in some Asia countries [Wong et al. 2000] suffer from myopia. Eyeglasses have been the pri- mary

  1. Method and apparatus for reading free falling dosimeter punchcodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Langsted, J.M.

    1992-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A punchcode reader is provided for reading data encoded in a punchcode hole array on a dosimeter. The dosimeter falls through a passage in the reader containing photosensor detectors disposed along the passage which provide output signals to a microprocessor. The signals are processed to determine the orientation of the dosimeter in the reader, the location and state of punchcode holes in a two row array thereby decoding the encoded data. Multiple rate of fall calculations are made, and if appropriate matching of the punchcode array is not obtained in three tries, an error signal is output to the operator. The punchcode reader also provides for storage of data from multiple dosimeters passed through the reader, and for the output of decoded data to an external display or a computer for further processing. 8 figs.

  2. Contracting with reading costs and renegotiation costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brennan, James R.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Contracting with Reading Costs andrents, and the competitive contracting process. Journal ofReiche. Foundation of incomplete contracting in a model of

  3. MEASURING THE READING ABILITY OF INCOMING FRESHMEN: A PATH ANALYSIS INVESTIGATION INTO READING COMPREHENSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuster, Jonathan

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Reading is a complex process involving numerous skills and abilities contributing to acquiring meaning from text. Individuals without the requisite reading skills will have difficulty not only in school but throughout their ...

  4. Tracking Reading: Dual Task Costs of Oral Reading for Young Versus Older Adults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemper, Susan; Bontempo, Daniel; Schmalzried, RaLynn Cheri; McKedy, Whitney; Tagliaferri, Bruno; Kieweg, Doug

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A digital pursuit rotor was used to monitor oral reading costs by time-locking tracking performance to the auditory wave form produced as young and older adults were reading out short paragraphs. Multilevel modeling was ...

  5. Reading for Thursday Emissions scenario summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    emissions, for year 2000 #12;USA ­ CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion (2005) US EPA #12;#12;#12;Decreasing 13C strongly suggests that the source of atmospheric CO2 is fossil carbon #12;Line of evidence #1Reading for Thursday · Emissions scenario summary: ­ Read pages 3-6 · IPCC Chapter 11 (Regional

  6. Security alarm communication and display systems development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waddoups, I.G.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sandia National Laboratories has developed a variety of alarm communication and display systems for a broad spectrum of users. This paper will briefly describe the latest systems developed for the Department of Energy (DOE), the Department of Defense (DoD), and the Department of State (DOS) applications. Applications covered will vary from relatively small facilities to large complex sites. Ongoing system developments will also be discussed. The concluding section will summarize the practical, implementable state-of-the-art features available in new systems. 6 figs.

  7. Widget:DisplayMap | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 South Place: SaltTroyer &AnchorText JumpDisplayForGroup Jump

  8. Home Energy Displays: Consumer Adoption and Response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LaMarche, J.; Cheney, K.; Akers, C.; Roth, K.; Sachs, O.

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The focus of this project was to investigate the factors influencing consumer adoption of Home Energy Displays (HEDs) and to evaluate electricity consumption in households with basic HEDs versus enhanced feedback methods - web portals or alerts. We hypothesized that providing flexible and relatable information to users, in addition to a basic HED, would make feedback more effective and achieve persistent energy savings. In Phase I, we conducted three user research studies and found preferences for aesthetically pleasing, easy to understand feedback that is accessible through multiple media and offered free of charge. The deployment of HEDs in 150 households planned for Phase II encountered major recruitment and HED field deployment problems. First, after extensive outreach campaigns to apartment complexes with 760 units, only 8% of building's tenants elected to receive a free HED in their homes as part of the field study. Second, the HED used, a leading market model, had a spectrum of problems, including gateway miscommunications, failure to post to a data-hosting third party, and display malfunctions. In light of these challenges, we are pursuing a modified study investigating the energy savings of a web portal versus alert-based energy feedback instead of a physical HED.

  9. A 3-D display head-set for personalized computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Callahan, Mark A

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis covers the design and implementation of a binocular display head-set akin to Dr . Ivan E. Sutherland's head-mounted display, but using several new technologies and new techniques in computer graphics: small ...

  10. Commercial assessment of roll to roll manufacturing of electronic displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Randolph, Michael Aaron

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cost of manufacturing electronic displays currently limits the range of applications and markets into which it is currently economically feasible to adopt displays. Roll-to-roll manufacturing has been identified by the ...

  11. Hermetically sealed encasements for historic document display and preservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durand, Keith (Keith V.)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this thesis was to develop designs and methods for the preservation and display of historic documents. The results were applied via the design, manufacture, and installation of five hermetic display encasements ...

  12. Human factors evaluation of electroluminescent display. number sign. 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Auflick, J.L. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (USA))

    1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report consists of an an electroluminescent display, done by scientists and researchers in the Human Factors Research Unit at EG G, Idaho, Inc. The purpose of this evaluation was to examine the Sunlight Readability'' of one electroluminescent (EL) display; a display which may be incorporated into a new generation of US Army diesel generators. The basic finding of this evaluation is that this particular EL display is not sunlight readable. 2 figs., 10 tabs.

  13. TRICOLOR LIGHT EMITTING DIODE DOT MATRIX DISPLAY SYSTEM WITHAUDIO OUTPUT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pang, Grantham

    1 TRICOLOR LIGHT EMITTING DIODE DOT MATRIX DISPLAY SYSTEM WITHAUDIO OUTPUT Grantham Pang, Chi emitting diodes; tricolor display; audio communication. I. Introduction This paper relates to a tricolor broadcasting through the visible light rays transmitted by the display panel or assembly. Keywords: light

  14. ORIGINAL PAPER Peacocks orient their courtship displays towards the sun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomerie, Bob

    ORIGINAL PAPER Peacocks orient their courtship displays towards the sun Roslyn Dakin & Robert on male orientation relative to the position of the sun. During the "wing-shaking" display, females were generally behind the displaying male, and male orientation with respect to the position of the sun

  15. Segmented nanowires displaying locally controllable properties

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sutter, Eli Anguelova; Sutter, Peter Werner

    2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Vapor-liquid-solid growth of nanowires is tailored to achieve complex one-dimensional material geometries using phase diagrams determined for nanoscale materials. Segmented one-dimensional nanowires having constant composition display locally variable electronic band structures that are determined by the diameter of the nanowires. The unique electrical and optical properties of the segmented nanowires are exploited to form electronic and optoelectronic devices. Using gold-germanium as a model system, in situ transmission electron microscopy establishes, for nanometer-sized Au--Ge alloy drops at the tips of Ge nanowires (NWs), the parts of the phase diagram that determine their temperature-dependent equilibrium composition. The nanoscale phase diagram is then used to determine the exchange of material between the NW and the drop. The phase diagram for the nanoscale drop deviates significantly from that of the bulk alloy.

  16. The Effects of Rhetorical Reading Interventions on the Reading and Writing Performances of Students Enrolled in College Composition Classes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanchez, Bernice Y.

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    -experimental comparison and treatment group post test design that included four composition classes. The independent variable was the rhetorical reading intervention. The dependent variables included: student reading- writing connection surveys, the Accuplacer Reading...

  17. Man's Best Friend as a Reading Facilitator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Donita J.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and fuzzy program (Friesen, 2009). Small-scale studies of R.E.A.D. have consistently shown that R.E.A.D. improves students’ reading skill and motivation (Heyer, 2007; Martin, 2001). Heyer (2007), who was enrolled in a master’s program with an emphasis..., address sanitation concerns. Ninth, inform colleagues, staff and families about the program. Tenth, prepare children and staff with an informative session. Eleventh, plan for the dogs’ safety and well-being. Twelfth, decide how expansive the program...

  18. DISPLAY WEEK 2012 REVIEW ISSUE Official Monthly Publication of the Society for Information Display www.informationdisplay.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heikenfeld, Jason

    companies at Display Week 2012: Tactus Technology for best prototype in the new Innovation Zone and Dimenco, Fraunhofer COMEDD, LG Display, Ocular, and Samsung as Best-in-Show winners from the exhibit floor. By Jenny to innovate. By Alfred Poor 17 Part I: A Brief History of Key Areas in Display Technology In Part I of our 50

  19. De Novo Sequencing with Short Reads: Does the Read Length Matter? (2009 JGI User Meeting)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Pezner, Pavel A

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Pavel Pevzner of UC San Diego spoke about "De Novo Sequencing with Short Reads" on March 26, 2009 during the 4th Annual User Meeting

  20. Instructions for using read_cips_file.sav to read CIPS data files Last updated 29 June 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    Instructions for using read_cips_file.sav to read CIPS data files Last updated 29 June 2011 The file read_cips_file.sav is provided as a convenience for IDL users to read CIPS netcdf data files for levels 2 (orbit strips) and 3a (daily daisies). (1) Download the CIPS data files into a convenient

  1. ascorbate peroxidase display: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    This novel approach to display technology consists of arranging six organic light emitting diode screens in a cubic form factor. We ... Pla i Conesa, Pol 35 Tradeoffs in...

  2. acinetobacter baumannii displays: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    This novel approach to display technology consists of arranging six organic light emitting diode screens in a cubic form factor. We ... Pla i Conesa, Pol 29 Tradeoffs in...

  3. Balance Calibration – A Method for Assigning a Direct-Reading Uncertainty to an Electronic Balance.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mike Stears

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Paper Title: Balance Calibration – A method for assigning a direct-reading uncertainty to an electronic balance. Intended Audience: Those who calibrate or use electronic balances. Abstract: As a calibration facility, we provide on-site (at the customer’s location) calibrations of electronic balances for customers within our company. In our experience, most of our customers are not using their balance as a comparator, but simply putting an unknown quantity on the balance and reading the displayed mass value. Manufacturer’s specifications for balances typically include specifications such as readability, repeatability, linearity, and sensitivity temperature drift, but what does this all mean when the balance user simply reads the displayed mass value and accepts the reading as the true value? This paper discusses a method for assigning a direct-reading uncertainty to a balance based upon the observed calibration data and the environment where the balance is being used. The method requires input from the customer regarding the environment where the balance is used and encourages discussion with the customer regarding sources of uncertainty and possible means for improvement; the calibration process becomes an educational opportunity for the balance user as well as calibration personnel. This paper will cover the uncertainty analysis applied to the calibration weights used for the field calibration of balances; the uncertainty is calculated over the range of environmental conditions typically encountered in the field and the resulting range of air density. The temperature stability in the area of the balance is discussed with the customer and the temperature range over which the balance calibration is valid is decided upon; the decision is based upon the uncertainty needs of the customer and the desired rigor in monitoring by the customer. Once the environmental limitations are decided, the calibration is performed and the measurement data is entered into a custom spreadsheet. The spreadsheet uses measurement results, along with the manufacturer’s specifications, to assign a direct-read measurement uncertainty to the balance. The fact that the assigned uncertainty is a best-case uncertainty is discussed with the customer; the assigned uncertainty contains no allowance for contributions associated with the unknown weighing sample, such as density, static charges, magnetism, etc. The attendee will learn uncertainty considerations associated with balance calibrations along with one method for assigning an uncertainty to a balance used for non-comparison measurements.

  4. Lighted display devices for producing static or animated visual displays, including animated facial features

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Heilbron, Valerie J; Clem, Paul G; Cook, Adam Wade

    2014-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    An illuminated display device with a base member with a plurality of cavities therein. Illumination devices illuminate the cavities and emit light through an opening of the cavities in a pattern, and a speaker can emit sounds in synchronization with the pattern. A panel with translucent portions can overly the base member and the cavities. An animated talking character can have an animated mouth cavity complex with multiple predetermined mouth lighting configurations simulative of human utterances. The cavities can be open, or optical waveguide material or positive members can be disposed therein. Reflective material can enhance internal reflectance and light emission.

  5. GT40 Utility Pograms and the LISP Display Slave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beeler, Michael

    This memo describes two GT40 programs: URUG, an octal micro-debugger: and VT07, a Datapoint simulator and general display package. There is also a description of the MITAI LISP display slave, and how it uses VT07 as a ...

  6. Electronic displays using optically pumped luminescent semiconductor nanocrystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weiss, Shimon; Schlamp, Michael C; Alivisatos, A. Paul

    2014-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A multicolor electronic display is based on an array of luminescent semiconductor nanocrystals. Nanocrystals which emit light of different colors are grouped into pixels. The nanocrystals are optically pumped to produce a multicolor display. Different sized nanocrystals are used to produce the different colors. A variety of pixel addressing systems can be used.

  7. Electronic displays using optically pumped luminescent semiconductor nanocrystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weiss, Shimon; Schlam, Michael C; Alivisatos, A. Paul

    2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A multicolor electronic display is based on an array of luminescent semiconductor nanocrystals. Nanocrystals which emit tight of different colors are grouped into pixels. The nanocrystals are optically pumped to produce a multicolor display. Different sized nanocrystals are used to produce the different colors. A variety of pixel addressing systems can be used.

  8. Cell Surface Display of Organophosphorus Hydrolase Using Ice Nucleation Protein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Wilfred

    Cell Surface Display of Organophosphorus Hydrolase Using Ice Nucleation Protein Mark Shimazu on the ice nucleation protein (InaV) from Pseudomonas syringae INA5 was developed for cell surface display-level expression and superior stability. Introduction As the demand for agricultural produce increases, so

  9. Illustrative Display of Hidden Iso-Surface Structures Jan Fischer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartz, Dirk

    Illustrative Display of Hidden Iso-Surface Structures Jan Fischer Visual Computing for Medicine is represented by black silhouettes and hatching. The second layer of the iso-surface is rendered as red is a widespread method for the display of volume datasets. It is based on the extraction of polygonal iso

  10. GPU rendering for autostereoscopic displays Francois de Sorbier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    GPU rendering for autostereoscopic displays Franc¸ois de Sorbier LABINFO-IGM UMR CNRS 8049. In the case of real-time computer graphics images, the standard approach consists in rendering every view displays in a single render- ing pass. Our algorithm is based on the fact that vertices properties remain

  11. Immersive Planar Display using Roughly Aligned Projectors Ramesh Raskar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    ://www.cs.unc.edu/~raskar/Planar/ Abstract When a projector is oblique with respect to a planar dis- playsurface, it creates keystoning is not perpendicular to the display screen, the resultant image is keystoned and ap- pears distorted (Fig 1). We rectangular images (b) Oblique projectors create keystoned images. positioned in large display systems, after

  12. Interactive display system having a digital micromirror imaging device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Veligdan, James T.; DeSanto, Leonard; Brewster, Calvin

    2006-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A display system includes a waveguide optical panel having an inlet face and an opposite outlet face. A projector cooperates with a digital imaging device, e.g. a digital micromirror imaging device, for projecting an image through the panel for display on the outlet face. The imaging device includes an array of mirrors tiltable between opposite display and divert positions. The display positions reflect an image light beam from the projector through the panel for display on the outlet face. The divert positions divert the image light beam away from the panel, and are additionally used for reflecting a probe light beam through the panel toward the outlet face. Covering a spot on the panel, e.g. with a finger, reflects the probe light beam back through the panel toward the inlet face for detection thereat and providing interactive capability.

  13. Electro-optical switching and memory display device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Skotheim, T.A.; O'Grady, W.E.; Linkous, C.A.

    1983-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

    An electro-optical display device having a housing with wall means including one transparent wall and at least one other wall. Counter electrodes are positioned on the transparent wall and display electrodes are positioned on the other wall with both electrodes in electrically conductive relationship with an electrolyte. Circuits means are connected to the display and counter electrodes to apply different predetermined control potentials between them. The display electrodes are covered with a thin electrically conductive polymer film that is characterized according to the invention by having embedded in it pigment molecules as counter ions. The display device is operable to be switched to a plurality of different visual color states at an exceptionally rapid switching rate while each of the color states is characterized by possessing good color intensity and definition.

  14. P-66: Personal Communication System Hand-set with Organic Light Emitting Diode Display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seungeun Lee; Wonseok Oh; Sungchul Lee; Jongchan Choi

    Light Emitting Diodes (OLED) display panel. As a result, OLEDs technology was applied to a display for a

  15. Earth Minerals Did you read chapter 29

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Gus

    1 Chapter 29 Earth Minerals Did you read chapter 29 before coming to class? A. Yes B. No Lets play that begins in Hawaii Other "Hot Spots" around the world The interior structure of Earth has been determined outer core #12;2 What is different on earth (as opposed to other planets)? Continents Why does

  16. Effect of geotropism on instrument readings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rolph, James T.

    2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A review of gravity's effect on instrument readings, also referred to as geotropism. In this essay a review of meter movement construction and the effect are reviewed as it applies to portable radiation instruments. Reference to the three ANSI standards and their requirements are reviewed. An alternate approach to test for the effects is offered.

  17. POLICY NAME 1ST READING BY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    POLICY NAME 1ST READING BY FACULTY SENATE APPROVED BY FACULTY SENATE POSTED FOR PUBLIC COMMENT APPROVED BY PRES or PROVOST ADOPTED FINAL POLICY DESTINATION Student Pregnancy Leave Pending Regents Professor (Version 1) 01/26/2011 04/27/2011 Regents Professor (Version 2) 04/12/2012 Revised Policy

  18. CHINA PARTICUOLOGY Vol. 3, No. 6, 321-328, 2005 MICROMECHANICS OF MACROELECTRONICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suo, Zhigang

    be addressed. E-mail: suo@deas.harvard.edu Abstract The advent of flat-panel displays has opened the era, ranging from paper-like displays to thin-film solar cells, technologies that aim to address the essential; their mechanical behavior during manufacturing and use poses significant challenges to the creation of the new

  19. Release of DRAFT RFP Headquarters Reading Room Instructions/Guidelines

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Release of DRAFT RFP Headquarters Reading Room InstructionsGuidelines 1. Reading Room Points of Contact: 721 - 88, Mike Baehre, (202) 586-6575 89 - Close of Draft RFP, John...

  20. Reading Abilities: Importance of Visual-Spatial Attention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabrieli, John D.E.

    Children with dyslexia may read poorly for several reasons. Recent research suggests that in addition to skills with language sounds, visual-spatial attention may be an important predictor of reading abilities.

  1. ?-RA: a parallel sparse index for genomic read alignment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kü lekci, M O?uzhan; Hon, Wing-Kai; Shah, Rahul; Vitter, Jeffrey Scott; Xu, Bojian

    2011-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Background Genomic read alignment involves mapping (exactly or approximately) short reads from a particular individual onto a pre-sequenced reference genome of the same species. Because all individuals of the same species ...

  2. The Evaluation and Use of Extensive Reading Materials 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tignanelli, Rosana

    2007-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The current investigation is based on the topic of “The evaluation and use of extensive reading materials”. Throughout this research, I attempted to find out whether a theory-based exploration on the evaluation and use of extensive reading...

  3. Space to Think: Large, High-Resolution Displays for Sensemaking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andrews, Christopher P.; Endert, Alexander; North, Chris

    2010-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Space supports human cognitive abilities in a myriad of ways. The note attached to the side of the monitor, the papers spread out on the desk, diagrams scrawled on a whiteboard, and even the keys left out on the counter are all examples of using space to recall, reveal relationships, and think. Technological advances have made it possible to construct large display environments in which space has real meaning. This paper examines how increased space affects the way displays are regarded and used within the context of the cognitively demanding task of sensemaking. A study was conducted observing analysts using a prototype large, high-resolution display to solve an analytic problem. This paper reports on the results of this study and suggests a number of potential design criteria for future sensemaking tools developed for large, high-resolution displays.

  4. acrab mutants display: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    This novel approach to display technology consists of arranging six organic light emitting diode screens in a cubic form factor. We ... Pla i Conesa, Pol 20 Advances in Brief...

  5. PAPILLON: Designing Curved Display Surfaces With Printed Optics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poupyrev, Ivan

    . It is based on 3D printed optics, where the surface of the display is constructed as a bundle of printed light Interfaces - Graphical user interfaces; Input devices and strategies. Keywords: 3D printing, fabrication

  6. Enhanced Bioaccumulation of Heavy Metals by Bacterial Cells Displaying

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Wilfred

    Enhanced Bioaccumulation of Heavy Metals by Bacterial Cells Displaying Synthetic Phytochelatins for enhanced bioaccumulation of toxic metals. Synthetic genes encoding for several metal strategy for develop- ing high-affinity bioadsorbents suitable for heavy metal removal. © 2000 John Wiley

  7. Modified Cooper Harper scales for assessing unmanned vehicle displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donmez, Birsen

    Unmanned vehicle (UV) displays are often the only information link between operators and vehicles, so their design is critical to mission success. However, there is currently no standardized methodology for operators to ...

  8. INTER-MOUNTAIN BASINS SHALE BADLAND extent exaggerated for display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTER-MOUNTAIN BASINS SHALE BADLAND R.Rondeau extent exaggerated for display ACHNATHERUM HYMENOIDES HERBACEOUS ALLIANCE Achnatherum hymenoides Shale Barren Herbaceous Vegetation ARTEMISIA BIGELOVII SHRUBLAND ALLIANCE Leymus salinus Shale Sparse Vegetation Overview: This widespread ecological system

  9. Training Room Equipment Instructions Projector and TV Display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, T. Daniel

    Training Room Equipment Instructions Projector and TV Display The control panel on the wall are connected to a training room computer and room is equipped with a keyboard, mouse and clicker. Connect USB

  10. A comparison of nuclear reactor control room display panels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowers, Frances Renae

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    complex and time consuming task. It is expected that the control room of future commercial nuclear reactor power plants will change considerably as a result of these studies. Currently there are literally hundreds of displays and controls... in the average commercial nuclear reactor power plant. This posed a significant problem when the NRC determined that a new set of displays was required in order to manage emergencies. It has been suggested that digital computers with graphics capabilities...

  11. Interactive display system having a matrix optical detector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Veligdan, James T.; DeSanto, Leonard

    2007-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A display system includes a waveguide optical panel having an inlet face and an opposite outlet face. An image beam is projected across the inlet face laterally and transversely for display on the outlet face. An optical detector including a matrix of detector elements is optically aligned with the inlet face for detecting a corresponding lateral and transverse position of an inbound light spot on the outlet face.

  12. Secure Compressed Reading in Smart Grids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Sheng; Chen, Minghua; Yan, Jianxin; Jaggi, Sidharth

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Smart Grids measure energy usage in real-time and tailor supply and delivery accordingly, in order to improve power transmission and distribution. For the grids to operate effectively, it is critical to collect readings from massively-installed smart meters to control centers in an efficient and secure manner. In this paper, we propose a secure compressed reading scheme to address this critical issue. We observe that our collected real-world meter data express strong temporal correlations, indicating they are sparse in certain domains. We adopt Compressed Sensing technique to exploit this sparsity and design an efficient meter data transmission scheme. Our scheme achieves substantial efficiency offered by compressed sensing, without the need to know beforehand in which domain the meter data are sparse. This is in contrast to traditional compressed-sensing based scheme where such sparse-domain information is required a priori. We then design specific dependable scheme to work with our compressed sensing based ...

  13. Reading Enterprise Hub | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, search RAPIDColoradosourceRaus PowerLouisiana: Energy ResourcesReXorceReading

  14. Literaturlenz: Reading with Authors from Germany, Switzerland, and Austria Reading with Larissa Boehning, Monica Cantieni, and Linda Stift

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Literaturlenz: Reading with Authors from Germany, Switzerland, and Austria Reading with Larissa.m. Each year Literaturlenz brings authors from Germany, Switzerland, and Austria to the UW Campus. Each Boehning from Germany, Monica Cantieni from Switzerland, and Linda Stift of Austria. The readings

  15. A QUALITATIVE METHOD TO ESTIMATE HSI DISPLAY COMPLEXITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacques Hugo; David Gertman

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is mounting evidence that complex computer system displays in control rooms contribute to cognitive complexity and, thus, to the probability of human error. Research shows that reaction time increases and response accuracy decreases as the number of elements in the display screen increase. However, in terms of supporting the control room operator, approaches focusing on addressing display complexity solely in terms of information density and its location and patterning, will fall short of delivering a properly designed interface. This paper argues that information complexity and semantic complexity are mandatory components when considering display complexity and that the addition of these concepts assists in understanding and resolving differences between designers and the preferences and performance of operators. This paper concludes that a number of simplified methods, when combined, can be used to estimate the impact that a particular display may have on the operator's ability to perform a function accurately and effectively. We present a mixed qualitative and quantitative approach and a method for complexity estimation.

  16. Young and Older Adults’ Reading of Distracters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemper, Susan; McDowd, Joan; Metcalf, Kim; Liu, Chiung-Ju

    2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Psychology and Aging, 21, 448-465. Shipley, W. C. (1940). A self-administered scale for measuring intellectual impairment and deterioration. Journal of Psychology, 9, 371-377. Kemper, S., McDowd, J., Metcalf, K., & Liu, C.-J. (2008). Young and older...Kemper, S., McDowd, J., Metcalf, K., & Liu, C.-J. (2008). Young and older adults’ reading of distracters. Educational Gerontology, 34, 489-502. PM#2396579. Publisher’s official version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03601270701835858. Open Access...

  17. Dickensian Melodrama: a Reading of the Novels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worth, George J.

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    fuzzier than that: in reading Victorian critics of Dickens like George Eliot, James Fitzjames Stephen, R. H. Hutton, Anthony Trollope, and George Gissing, one often finds it difficult to tell precisely what they had in mind in accusing Dickens of being..., the thought of that you propose, should have brought the blushes to your face, and made you dumb with shame;—but now,— with want at our hearth—a husband mad with sorrow—children unprotected—now to offer!—oh! you have a heart of stone, or you could ne'er...

  18. Reading the Cosmic Writing on the Wall

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassive Solar HomePromising Science for1PrincipalRare | National NuclearReading the

  19. DOE-ID FOIA Reading Room

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to UserProduct: CrudeOffice of ScientificSolar Residence by e2DOE5,Reading

  20. Reading the EIS on compact disc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared at 278, 298, andEpidermalOxide Fuel CellsReaction ofReading

  1. Interactive display system having a scaled virtual target zone

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Veligdan, James T.; DeSanto, Leonard

    2006-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A display system includes a waveguide optical panel having an inlet face and an opposite outlet face. A projector and imaging device cooperate with the panel for projecting a video image thereon. An optical detector bridges at least a portion of the waveguides for detecting a location on the outlet face within a target zone of an inbound light spot. A controller is operatively coupled to the imaging device and detector for displaying a cursor on the outlet face corresponding with the detected location of the spot within the target zone.

  2. Updated Users' Guide for RSAP -- A Code for Display and Manipulation of Neutron Cross Section Data and SAMMY Fit Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sayer, R.O.

    2003-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    RSAP [1] is a computer code for display and manipulation of neutron cross section data and selected SAMMY output. SAMMY [2] is a multilevel R-matrix code for fitting neutron time-of-flight cross-section data using Bayes' method. This users' guide provides documentation for the recently updated RSAP code (version 6). The code has been ported to the Linux platform, and several new features have been added, including the capability to read cross section data from ASCII pointwise ENDF files as well as double-precision PLT output from SAMMY. A number of bugs have been found and corrected, and the input formats have been improved. Input items are parsed so that items may be separated by spaces or commas.

  3. Topic 2: Backtracking andTopic 2: Backtracking and Recommended ReadingsRecommended Readings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephenson, Ben

    Recommended Readings ·· Chapter 3 from Programming in PrologChapter 3 from Programming in Prolog 2 Searching for the AnswerSearching for the Answer ·· Two notions of correctnessTwo notions of correctness ­­ Logical conjunction shouldn't matter ·· In practice, Prolog searches for an answerIn practice, Prolog searches

  4. DATA ACQUISITION, HANDLING, AND DISPLAY FOR THE HEATER EXPERIMENTS AT STRIPA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McEvoy, M.B.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    graphics terminal. Displays are defined by Display Controlgraphics software was designed to prompt users by presenting them with lists of options. Users control

  5. Microporous Patterned Electrodes for Color-Matched Electrochromic Polymer Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanner, David B.

    Microporous Patterned Electrodes for Color-Matched Electrochromic Polymer Displays Pierre of electroactive and conducting polymers offers new opportunities for the design of materials for electrochromic the most promising electrochromic (EC) properties. Here, we report the use of highly porous metallized

  6. Colour, design and reward: phenotypic integration of fleshy fruit displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordano, Pedro

    Colour, design and reward: phenotypic integration of fleshy fruit displays A. VALIDO*, H. M pivot around complex structures such as flowers and fruits, a central question is to what extent.g. Murren, 2002; Herrera et al., 2002; Pe´rez-Barrales et al., 2007; Pe´rez et al., 2007). Fleshy fruits

  7. Lightweight User Interfaces for Watch Based Displays Peter Hutterer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bruce

    Lightweight User Interfaces for Watch Based Displays Peter Hutterer , Mark T. Smith , Bruce H Science University of South Australia Mawson Lakes, Adelaide, SA, 5095, Australia office@who-t.net bruce of the user's clothing, and removed from the pocket and held in the hand for operation. Recently, a number

  8. ESSES 2003 2003, Carla Schlatter Ellis Display Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Carla

    1 ESSES 2003© 2003, Carla Schlatter Ellis Display Management: Sensing User Intention and Context (HOTOS 2003) 2ESSES 2003© 2003, Carla Schlatter Ellis Outline · Motivation and Research Objective · Face · Related Work ­ ACPI ­ Dark Windows #12;2 3ESSES 2003© 2003, Carla Schlatter Ellis Motivation · Current

  9. ON THE IDENTIFICATION AND HAPTIC DISPLAY OF FRICTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    ON THE IDENTIFICATION AND HAPTIC DISPLAY OF FRICTION A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT by Christopher Richard All Rights Reserved #12;iv Abstract Although friction is an important phenomenon and greatly affects the way in which individ- uals interact with the world, friction is all but absent from

  10. Interactive Weather Simulation and Visualization on a Display Wall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ha, Phuong H.

    .hoai.ha,john.markus.bjorndalen,otto.anshus}@uit.no, {tormsh,daniels}@cs.uit.no Abstract. Numerical Weather Prediction models (NWP) used for op- erational Weather Model, WRF, Tiled Display Walls, Live Data Sets, On-Demand Computation. 1 Introduction Numerical Weather Prediction models for use in weather forecasting centers are often computed for a fixed static

  11. FRACTAL DESCRIPTION OF ROUGH SURFACES FOR HAPTIC DISPLAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    FRACTAL DESCRIPTION OF ROUGH SURFACES FOR HAPTIC DISPLAY A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT system using fractals. A background on traditional methods for describing surface roughness is given. Fractals are used to characterize one- dimensional surface profiles using two parameters, the amplitude

  12. PDAs and Shared Public Displays: Making Personal Information Public,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Saul

    computers, where each device affords quite different personal and public acts. Norman [1,p53] defines devices containing specialised personal informa- tion, while single display groupware are highlypub- lic these two quite different devices. In essence, the problem is how people move their personal artefacts

  13. accurate short read: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Binocular Disparity in Dyslexic CiteSeer Summary: Children with developmental dyslexia show reading impairment compared to their peers, despite being matched on IQ,...

  14. als7 open reading: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Binocular Disparity in Dyslexic CiteSeer Summary: Children with developmental dyslexia show reading impairment compared to their peers, despite being matched on IQ,...

  15. Reading Municipal Light Department- Business Lighting Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Reading Municipal Light Department (RMLD) offers incentives for non-residential customers to install energy efficient lights and sensors in existing facilities. In addition to rebates for the...

  16. Reading Merleau-Ponty: Cognitive science, pathology and transcendental phenomenology.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tauber, Justin

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Master of Philosophy (Dept. of Philosophy)%%%This thesis explores the evolution of the way the Phenomenology of Perception is read for the purpose of determining its… (more)

  17. Investigation of Energy-Efficient Supermarket Display Cases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, D.H.

    2005-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Supermarkets represent one of the largest energy-intensive building groups in the commercial sector, consuming 2 to 3 million kWh/yr per store (ES-1). Over half of this energy use is for the refrigeration of food display cases and storage coolers. Display cases are used throughout a supermarket for the merchandising of perishable food products. The cases are maintained at air temperatures ranging from -10 to 35 F, depending upon the type of product stored. The operating characteristics and energy requirements of the refrigeration system are directly related to the refrigeration load. The sources of the display case refrigeration load consist of: (1) Moist and warm air infiltration through the open front of the case--air curtains are employed to inhibit this infiltration, but some ambient air is entrained, which adds a substantial portion to the refrigeration load. (2) Heat conduction through case panels and walls. (3) Thermal radiation from the ambient to the product and display case interior. (4) Internal thermal loads--the use of lights, evaporator fans, periodic defrosts, and antisweat heaters adds to the refrigeration load of the display case as well as directly consuming electric energy. The impact of each of these elements on the refrigeration load is very dependent upon case type (Figure ES-1). For example, air infiltration is the most significant portion of the refrigeration load for open, multi-deck cases, while radiation is the largest part of the load for tub-type cases. The door anti-sweat heaters represent a major share of the refrigeration load for frozen food door reach-in cases. Figure ES-2 shows the distribution of display cases in a typical supermarket (ES-2). Open, multi-deck, medium temperature display cases typically comprise about half of the refrigerated fixtures in a store (ES-3). In addition, medium temperature fixtures and storage coolers account for roughly 70 to 75 percent of the total store refrigeration load with open, multi-deck cases contributing about 3/4 of that fraction. Consequently, the focus of this investigation has tilted toward the open, vertical, multi-deck medium temperature case type. Various technologies and control methods are energy efficiency measures (EEMs) that could be applied to display cases and result in the reduction of the refrigeration load and of the energy consumption of the supermarket refrigeration system. An extensive evaluation of the EEMs was conducted in order to select those that met the following criteria: (1) Near-term implementation--All EEMs considered could be implemented with existing refrigeration hardware and technology. (2) Potential for energy-efficiency improvements--Energy savings and/or refrigeration load reduction must be obtained by the implementation of the EEM. (3) Enhancement of the ability to maintain target product temperature--Proper operation of the display case and maintenance of the stored product temperature could not be compromised by the use of the EEM. The energy impact of a number of viable display case EEMs was quantified by performing whole building hourly simulations. A special version of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE-2.3) program was used to develop a model of a supermarket. The model was then calibrated using available end-use monitored data to increase confidence in simulation results.

  18. National Center for Advanced Information Components Manufacturing. Program summary report, Volume II

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Center for Advanced Information Components Manufacturing focused on manufacturing research and development for flat panel displays, advanced lithography, microelectronics, and optoelectronics. This report provides an overview of the program, program history, summaries of the technical projects, and key program accomplishments.

  19. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 87, 064105 (2013) Complex crystallization dynamics in amorphous germanium observed with dynamic transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Livermore, California 94551-0808, USA 3 Departments of Physics and Chemistry, Center for the Physics (Tmc). This fact has been exploited for the fabrication of solar cells, flat panel displays, and IR for the amorphous-crystalline (a-c) transformation divided by the specific heat capacity c is L/c 450 K in Ge.10

  20. Investigation of zinc oxide doped with metal impurities for use as thin film conductive phosphors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evatt, Steven R.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of a viable flat panel display, low voltage, conductive phosphors which emit blue, red, and green light will be required for the field emission technology. This thesis examines zinc oxide (ZnO) based thin ( ) phosphors for such an application. ZnO is a...

  1. Journal of the Korean Physical Society, Vol. 50, No. 3, March 2007, pp. 622625 Al-ZnO Thin Films as Transparent Conductive Oxides : Synthesis,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boo, Jin-Hyo

    , and low-tech applications, such as antistatic coatings, touch display panels, solar cells, flat panel exhibit n-type conduction. It is caused by a deviation from stoichiometry due to native defects-31-290-7075; Department of Chemistry, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440- 746 on glass substrates at different target

  2. Open Archive TOULOUSE Archive Ouverte (OATAO) OATAO is an open access repository that collects the work of Toulouse researchers and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mailhes, Corinne

    as for transparent electronics; thin-film solar cells2 and flat panel displays3,4 are typical applica- tions of samples deposited at different pressures, which provides an insight into the defect surface properties. ZnO is an n-type semiconductor with a wide direct band gap energy of 3.37 eV at room

  3. ZnO transparent thin films for gas sensor applications M. Suchea a,b,, S. Christoulakis a,b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in solar cells and flat panel displays as well as for the fabrication of gratings in optoelectronic de analysis of thin films sputtered from a ceramic target has shown a completely different surface behavior of the earliest discovered metal oxide gas sensing materials. It is an n-type semiconductor of wurtzite structure

  4. 335Nanostructured ZnO and ZAO transparent thin films by sputteringsurface characterization Corresponding author: M. Suchea, e-mail: mirasuchea@iesl.forth.gr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as transparent electrode in solar cells and flat panel displays as well as for the fabrication of gratings Abstract. Zinc oxide (ZnO) and aluminum zinc oxide (ZAO) transparent thin films with different thickness Zinc oxide is one of the earliest discovered metal oxide gas sensing materials. It is an n-type semi

  5. The U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory P.O. Box 5000 Upton, NY 11973 631 344-2345 www.bnl.gov For more than 60

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    natural bacteria to clean up environmental pollution and purify crude oil · Developed new techniques for construction and road repair · Designed polyplanar (flat panel) video display screen · Developed a recyclable,000 visiting researchers from universities, industry, and other labs worldwide take advantage of BNL's unique

  6. 134 www.pv-tech.org Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schiff, Eric A.

    of attention as a material for the low-cost manufacture of solar cells and panels. Silicon is non-area flat panel displays, proving that the deposition of solar cell material over a large area should in building- integrated photovoltaic structures (Fig. 1). The production of solar panels using thin

  7. Europhys. Lett., 69 (4), pp. 583587 (2005) DOI: 10.1209/epl/i2004-10386-y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medvedeva, Julia E.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ), nanoporous Ca12Al14O33, with those of the conventional TCOs (such as Sc-doped CdO) indicates), flat-panel displays, energy supply (solar cells) and energy conservation ("smart" windows) devices of undoped and 12.5% Sc-doped CdO using the full-potential linearized augmented plane-wave method [6] (FLAPW

  8. Terahertz Dielectric Properties and Low-Frequency Phonon Resonances of ZnO Nanostructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The dielectric function of tubular and prismlike ZnO structures exhibits the Drude-like behavior, while spectral region, and therefore it can be used as the transparent conductive electrodes in solar cells and flat panel displays.10 Additionally, surface acoustic wave filters made from ZnO films have been used

  9. Microstructure and Light-Scattering Properties of ZnO:Al Films Prepared Using a Two-Step Process through the Control of Oxygen Pressure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Byungwoo

    in a variety of optoelectric devices, such as flat panel displays and thin-film solar cells.1­3) Among the various TCOs, ZnO:Al has been the object of significant research activities for Si thin-film solar cell the degree of light trapping.3) This etching behavior is very sensitive to the crystallinity of the as

  10. Effects of high-dose Mn implantation into ZnO grown on sapphire Y. W. Heo, M. P. Ivill, K. Ip, D. P. Norton, and S. J. Peartona)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hebard, Arthur F.

    for flat-panel displays, and more efficient solar cells.1­12 There is also interest in developing the use-type and shows either spin-glass,18 paramagnetic,19,20 or FM behavior.21­23 In Ni-doped ZnO thin films doped

  11. Sensors and Actuators B 118 (2006) 135141 Low temperature indium oxide gas sensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sensors and Actuators B 118 (2006) 135­141 Low temperature indium oxide gas sensors M. Sucheaa rights reserved. Keywords: Metal oxide thin films; InOx; Gas sensors; Ozone 1. Introduction The interest's attractive for many areas such as transparent electrodes for solar cells and flat panel displays

  12. Science Arts & Mtiers (SAM) is an open access repository that collects the work of Arts et Mtiers ParisTech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    and physical properties. - Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells - Vol. 116, p.34-42. - 2013 Any correspondence,version1-3Jul2014 Author manuscript, published in "Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 116 (2013) 34 popular transparent conducting electrode used in thin-film photovoltaics, flat-panel display devices, due

  13. Tuning the Properties of Transparent Oxide Conductors. Dopant Ion Size and Electronic Structure Effects on CdO-Based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medvedeva, Julia E.

    on the CdO- based TCO structural, electronic, and optical properties: (1) lattice parameters contract as key components in optoelectronic devices such as flat panel displays (FPDs), organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), photovoltaics, solar cells, optical waveguides, and energy-efficient windows.1

  14. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, VOL. 48, NO. 9, SEPTEMBER 2001 2131 Dependence of the Current and Power Efficiencies of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwok, Hoi S.

    energy barrier against carrier injection, thus improved the injection efficiency. An optimal thickness the dominant flat-panel display technology because of its portability, low power consumption, and mature transport layer (ETL), in which con- duction is dominated by electrons, and a separate hole trans- port

  15. Single crystal growth and heteroepitaxy of polyacene thin films on arbitrary substrates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Headrick, Randall L.

    in a number of low-cost, large area electronic applications such as flat panel displays. Organic thin film as other substrates.6-12 Recently, significant progress has been made towards fabricating high quality is to prepare single crystal films on arbitrary substrates. Here we describe two significant advances towards

  16. 2011 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    have lower crack propagation and improved resistance to thermal fatigue when compared to tin by AIM Specialty Materials USA (Cranston, RI), Exotech Inc. (Pompano Beach, FL), ICA, 5N Plus Inc. (Saint with that of 2010 owing to increased demand for architectural glass and flat-panel displays, specifically high

  17. pubs.acs.org/cmPublished on Web 08/09/2010r 2010 American Chemical Society Chem. Mater. 2010, 22, 49394949 4939

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of applications in solar energy conversion systems, optoelectronic devi- ces, electrodes of flat-panel displays and touch panels, selective filters for solar thermal collectors, spectrally selec- tive windows of magnitude as the Sn/In atomic ratio increases from 0 to 0.1. After heating in air at 600 °C, 200-300 nm

  18. www.sciencemag.org SCIENCE VOL 312 16 JUNE 2006 1593 CREDITS(TOPTOBOTTOM):I-CHUNCHENG/PRINCETONUNIVERSITY;UIUC NEWSFOCUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    everywhere from flat-panel televi- sions to solar cells. But the devices are still typically deposited on top solar cells and roll-up displays. Yet despite a few commercial successes such as small mobile phone by heating slabs of material to a vapor at several hundred degrees Celsius. The white-hot vapor

  19. Field emission of individual carbon nanotube with in situ tip image and real work function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    Field emission of individual carbon nanotube with in situ tip image and real work function Zhi Xu of the most promising applications of carbon nanotubes CNTs for flat panel displays1 and highly coherent field-emission studies on carbon nanotube field emission took the work function as a constant e.g., 5 eV . Actually

  20. Minnesota Center for Reading ResearchResearchtoPolicyBrief

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciocan-Fontanine, Ionut

    Minnesota Center for Reading ResearchResearchtoPolicyBrief Making Sense of Dyslexia What is Dyslexia? The American Psychiatric Association (2000) defined dyslexia as reading achievement that impairments. The term "dyslexia" is a medical term. Schools do not use the term "dyslexia." Instead, special

  1. The University of Reading Helen Dacre Evaluating pollution transport in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dacre, Helen

    The University of Reading Helen Dacre Evaluating pollution transport in weather prediction models Outline Air pollution forecasting Offline forecasting Online forecasting Aim Overview of ETEX 2 case Conclusions and future work #12;The University of Reading Helen Dacre Offline Air Pollution Forecasting

  2. Reading Tea Leaves: How Humans Interpret Topic Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd-Graber, Jordan

    Reading Tea Leaves: How Humans Interpret Topic Models Jonathan Chang Jordan Boyd-Graber Sean, Blei Reading Tea Leaves #12;Topic Models in a Nutshell From an input corpus words to topics Forget Red Light, Green Light: A 2-Tone L.E.D. to Simplify Screens Corpus Chang, Boyd-Graber, Wang, Gerrish

  3. Read-out electronics for DC squid magnetic measurements

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ganther, Jr., Kenneth R. (Olathe, KS); Snapp, Lowell D. (Independence, MO)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Read-out electronics for DC SQUID sensor systems, the read-out electronics incorporating low Johnson noise radio-frequency flux-locked loop circuitry and digital signal processing algorithms in order to improve upon the prior art by a factor of at least ten, thereby alleviating problems caused by magnetic interference when operating DC SQUID sensor systems in magnetically unshielded environments.

  4. Dose factor entry and display tool for BNCT radiotherapy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wessol, Daniel E. (Bozeman, MT); Wheeler, Floyd J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Cook, Jeremy L. (Greeley, CO)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A system for use in Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) radiotherapy planning where a biological distribution is calculated using a combination of conversion factors and a previously calculated physical distribution. Conversion factors are presented in a graphical spreadsheet so that a planner can easily view and modify the conversion factors. For radiotherapy in multi-component modalities, such as Fast-Neutron and BNCT, it is necessary to combine each conversion factor component to form an effective dose which is used in radiotherapy planning and evaluation. The Dose Factor Entry and Display System is designed to facilitate planner entry of appropriate conversion factors in a straightforward manner for each component. The effective isodose is then immediately computed and displayed over the appropriate background (e.g. digitized image).

  5. SHALE: An Efficient Algorithm for Allocation of Guaranteed Display Advertising

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharadwaj, Vijay; Ma, Wenjing; Nagarajan, Chandrashekhar; Tomlin, John; Vassilvitskii, Sergei; Vee, Erik; Yang, Jian

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated by the problem of optimizing allocation in guaranteed display advertising, we develop an efficient, lightweight method of generating a compact {\\em allocation plan} that can be used to guide ad server decisions. The plan itself uses just O(1) state per guaranteed contract, is robust to noise, and allows us to serve (provably) nearly optimally. The optimization method we develop is scalable, with a small in-memory footprint, and working in linear time per iteration. It is also "stop-anytime", meaning that time-critical applications can stop early and still get a good serving solution. Thus, it is particularly useful for optimizing the large problems arising in the context of display advertising. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our algorithm using actual Yahoo! data.

  6. Aerogels: A new material for emissive display applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glauser, S.A.C. [California Univ., Davis, CA (United States); Lee, H.W.H. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The remarkable optical and electronic properties of doped and undoped silica aerogels establish their utility as unique, multifunctional host materials for fluorescent dyes and other luminescent materials for display and imaging applications. We present results on the photoluminescence and absorption of undoped silica aerogels and aerogels doped with Er{sup 3+}, rhodamine 6G (R6G), and fluorescein. We also demonstrate evidence of Fowler-Nordheim tunneling of electrons in aerogels. 4 refs., 10 figs.

  7. SLAC Large Detector (SLD) Image and Event Display Collections

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Perl, Joseph; Cowan, Ray; Johnson, Tony

    The SLD makes use of the unique capabilities of the Stanford Linear Collider (SLC) to perform studies of polarized Z particles produced in collisions between electrons and positrons. The SLD Event Display Collection shows computer generated pictures of a number of Z particle decays as reconstructed by the SLD detector. More than 90 images, each in several formats, captured from 1991 - 1996 events, are archived here. There are also figures and data plots available.

  8. Property:Integrated Display/Graphics | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County,ContAddr2 Jump to: navigation,PVYearsDisplay/Graphics Jump to:

  9. Effects of Orthographic Depth on Literacy Performance: Reading Comprehension Difficulties Across Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClung, Nicola Ann

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Specific reading disability (dyslexia): What have we learnedThe nature and causes of dyslexia in different languages. Inreading deficit in developmental dyslexia: A review. Reading

  10. Widget:DisplayForGroup | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 South Place: SaltTroyer &AnchorText JumpDisplayForGroup Jump to:

  11. Reading Municipal Light Department- Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Reading Municipal Light Department (RMLD) offers energy efficiency incentives to eligible commercial and industrial customers. Rebates of up to $50,000 are available to customers who wish to reduce...

  12. Does "reading" develop "phonological awareness" in Down's syndrome?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mishra, Ramesh Kumar

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    casual relationship for alphabetic scripts. Results discussed in this paper do not support this view as far as reading ability and phonological awareness go in Down's syndrome. The present study compared a sample of children with Down's syndrome (N=10...

  13. 21W.755 Writing and Reading Short Stories, Fall 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewitt, Shariann

    This class will focus on the craft of the short story, which we will explore through reading great short stories, writers speaking about writing, writing exercises and conducting workshops on original stories.

  14. HEART SMART NUTRITION Heart Smart Shopping & Label Reading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lesson 3 HEART SMART NUTRITION Heart Smart Shopping & Label Reading What's the first step in fat. Your goal is to eat a diet lower in saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol. The National Heart

  15. Andrew Mahlstadt Literature and the Mountains recommended reading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Andrew Mahlstadt Literature and the Mountains ­ recommended reading Critical works on mountains", in The Adventures of Ghanada (Premendra Mitra) A River Runs through it (Norman Maclean) "Brokeback Mountain" (Annie

  16. Reading Municipal Light Department- Residential Renewable Energy Rebates

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Reading Municipal Light Department (RMLD) offers rebates of $1.00/watt for solar photovoltaic and small wind installations for residential customers. A $0.25/watt adder is available for using local...

  17. Learning Hierarchical Plans by Reading Simple English Dustin Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herr, Hugh

    Learning Hierarchical Plans by Reading Simple English Narratives Dustin Smith MIT Media Lab Cambridge, MA USA dsmit@mit.edu Kenneth Arnold MIT Media Lab Cambridge, MA USA kcarnold@mit.edu ABSTRACT We

  18. Reading Municipal Light Department- Residential ENERGY STAR Appliance Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Reading Municipal Light Department (RMLD) offers rebates to residential customers who install Energy Star appliances in eligible homes. The offer is limited to one rebate per appliance or a maximum...

  19. A color spatial display based on a Raster framebuffer and varifocal mirror

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carson, Kenneth M

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A very simple 30 color display has been constructed. It consists of a 20 display viewed in a rapidly vibrating varifocal mirror. The changing focal length of the mirror is responsible for providing the depth; when the ...

  20. Programmable window : a large-scale transparent electronic display using SPD film

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramos, Martin (Ramos Rizo-Patron)

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research demonstrates that Suspended Particle Device (SPD) film is a viable option for the development of large-scale transparent display systems. The thesis analyzes the SPD film from an architectural display application ...

  1. Characterization of the mechanical properties of tactors used in tactile displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Held, David (David A.)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pancake motors used in a tactile display were analyzed to understand the characteristics of their operation, as well as to suggest improvements in the design of the display. The frequencies and forces produced by unencased ...

  2. MODERN DISPLAYS: WHY WE SEE DIFFERENT COLORS, AND WHAT IT MEANS? Abhijit Sarkar1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    MODERN DISPLAYS: WHY WE SEE DIFFERENT COLORS, AND WHAT IT MEANS? Abhijit Sarkar1,2 , Laurent Blondé

  3. Fast Constructive-Solid Geometry Display in the Pixel-Powers Graphics System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    Fast Constructive-Solid Geometry Display in the Pixel-Powers Graphics System · Technical Report 86 for PublieatioD #12;Fast Constructive-Solid Geometry Display In the Pixel-Powers Graphics System Jack Goldfeather Hill ABSTRACT We present two algorithms for the display of CSG-defined objects on Pixel-Powers

  4. Eye Contact Communication System between Mobile Robots Using Invisible Code Display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Eye Contact Communication System between Mobile Robots Using Invisible Code Display Takeru Furukawa on displays which show an expression of robot's eyes. Keywords: 2D code, polarized invisible code, polarized light control, LCD display 1 Introduction "The eyes are eloquent as the tongue." This proverb means

  5. Chameleon: A Color-Adaptive Web Browser for Mobile OLED Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhong, Lin

    transformation, low power 1. Introduction Displays are known to be among the largest power-consuming components devices. Unlike liquid crystal displays (LCD), OLED displays consume dramatically different power browser that renders web pages with power-optimized color schemes under user-supplied constraints. Driven

  6. Tailored Displays to Compensate for Visual Aberrations Vitor F. Pamplona1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aliaga, Daniel G.

    optics are performed. We propose tailored displays for daily tasks where using eyeglasses are unfeasible-order aberrations that eyeglasses are not able to. Keywords: tailored displays, optics, light-field displays Links-standard eyesight. Acuity enhance- ment options range from simple eyeglasses to laser eye surgery. Wearable optical

  7. High efficacy plasma display panel with vertically raised bus electrodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ok, Jung-Woo; Lee, Hae June; Kim, Dong-Hyun; Park, Chung-Hoo; Lee, Ho-Jun; Kim, Jae-Sung; Choi, Kwang-Yeol [Department of Electrical Engineering, Pusan National University, Geumjeong-gu, Busan 609-735 (Korea, Republic of); PDP R and D Department, PDP Division, LG Electronics Inc., Gumi 730-030 (Korea, Republic of); Digital Display Research Laboratory, LG Electronics Inc., Seoul 137-724 (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors propose a high efficacy alternating current plasma display panel utilizing vertically raised multilayer bus electrodes. The cell structure was designed to provide an opposite discharge mode and low discharge current in a relatively long gap. The test panels having discharge gaps of 330, 350, and 370 {mu}m were fabricated and basic properties of the panel were investigated in terms of current-voltage characteristics, luminance, and luminous efficiency. The cells with proposed structure show higher luminance and lower current simultaneously. The improvement in luminous efficiency is found to be a factor of 2 compared with the conventional coplanar structure having an electrode gap of 60 {mu}m. Emission spectra and spatio-temporal distribution of infrared light in discharge were measured. It is shown that high luminous efficiency of proposed cell originates from high excitation efficiency, low surface loss of charged particles, and enlarged discharge volume.

  8. Stable and metastable nanowires displaying locally controllable properties

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sutter, Eli Anguelova; Sutter, Peter Werner

    2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Vapor-liquid-solid growth of nanowires is tailored to achieve complex one-dimensional material geometries using phase diagrams determined for nanoscale materials. Segmented one-dimensional nanowires having constant composition display locally variable electronic band structures that are determined by the diameter of the nanowires. The unique electrical and optical properties of the segmented nanowires are exploited to form electronic and optoelectronic devices. Using gold-germanium as a model system, in situ transmission electron microscopy establishes, for nanometer-sized Au--Ge alloy drops at the tips of Ge nanowires (NWs), the parts of the phase diagram that determine their temperature-dependent equilibrium composition. The nanoscale phase diagram is then used to determine the exchange of material between the NW and the drop. The phase diagram for the nanoscale drop deviates significantly from that of the bulk alloy.

  9. Development and evaluation of a function-oriented display system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andresen, G.; Broberg, H.; Kvalem, J. [IFE, OECD HRP (Norway)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although no clear design philosophy for screen-based HSIs exist, Screen-based Human System Interfaces (HSI) are gradually replacing the conventional panel-based HSIs. The current paper presents a comprehensive design philosophy where a function-analysis of the plant forms the backbone of the information requirements, information presentation and display organization. The main characteristics of the concept are described as well as the development process behind the first prototype. Findings from the first usability test of the prototype are reported and potential benefits of the HSI are discussed. Ideas and problem areas for a future improved prototype are also described in the paper. The work is part of OECD Halden Reactor Project's ongoing research on innovative design for advanced NPP control-rooms and is conducted in close co-operation with Electricite de France. (authors)

  10. Plasmids and packaging cell lines for use in phage display

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bradbury, Andrew M.

    2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention relates to a novel phagemid display system for packaging phagemid DNA into phagemid particles which completely avoids the use of helper phage. The system of the invention incorporates the use of bacterial packaging cell lines which have been transformed with helper plasmids containing all required phage proteins but not the packaging signals. The absence of packaging signals in these helper plasmids prevents their DNA from being packaged in the bacterial cell, which provides a number of significant advantages over the use of both standard and modified helper phage. Packaged phagemids expressing a protein or peptide of interest, in fusion with a phage coat protein such as g3p, are generated simply by transfecting phagemid into the packaging cell line.

  11. Abstract Red is a common colour signal in both aposematic warning displays, and in fruit displays. One common feature is that red is conspicuous against the natural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullberg, Birgitta

    Abstract Red is a common colour signal in both aposematic warning displays, and in fruit displays. One common feature is that red is conspicuous against the natural background of the prey and fruits. However, there is a potential conflict between fruits and aposematic prey in how a bird predator should

  12. JOURNAL OF DISPLAY TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 9, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2013 87 Time-Multiplexed Dual-View Display Using a Blue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    Using a Blue Phase Liquid Crystal Jian-Peng Cui, Yan Li, Jin Yan, Hui-Chuan Cheng, and Qiong-Hua Wang Abstract--A time-multiplexed dual-view display device using a blue phase liquid crystal is proposed. In this design, a vertical field switching blue phase liquid crystal display (VFS-BPLCD) panel is used to achieve

  13. Engagement in Reading and Access to Print: The Relationship of Home and School to Overall Reading Achievement Among Fourth Grade English Speakers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allaith, Zainab A.

    2013-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    speakers from Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, and Nova Scotia), New Zealand, England, and USA. Data from the Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) questionnaires and reading achievement test were used to design the two models...

  14. Quantum vs. Classical Read-once Branching Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin Sauerhoff

    2005-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper presents the first nontrivial upper and lower bounds for (non-oblivious) quantum read-once branching programs. It is shown that the computational power of quantum and classical read-once branching programs is incomparable in the following sense: (i) A simple, explicit boolean function on 2n input bits is presented that is computable by error-free quantum read-once branching programs of size O(n^3), while each classical randomized read-once branching program and each quantum OBDD for this function with bounded two-sided error requires size 2^{\\Omega(n)}. (ii) Quantum branching programs reading each input variable exactly once are shown to require size 2^{\\Omega(n)} for computing the set-disjointness function DISJ_n from communication complexity theory with two-sided error bounded by a constant smaller than 1/2-2\\sqrt{3}/7. This function is trivially computable even by deterministic OBDDs of linear size. The technically most involved part is the proof of the lower bound in (ii). For this, a new model of quantum multi-partition communication protocols is introduced and a suitable extension of the information cost technique of Jain, Radhakrishnan, and Sen (2003) to this model is presented.

  15. Read-Copy Update Paul E. McKenney

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arpaci, Remzi

    Read-Copy Update Paul E. McKenney Linux Technology Center IBM Beaverton pmckenne@us.ibm.com, http perform ex- pensive synchronization operations in common code #12;Client 1 Module Client 2 - - w Operation was unloaded, is not subject to this race condition. This suggests Client 1 Module Client 2 - - Grace Period w

  16. Urban Pollution Control Strategies Reading: pages 422-437

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    ATOC 3500 Urban Pollution Control Strategies Reading: pages 422-437 Details to come #12;#12;Urban Pollution Control Strategies What we know so far: · Different regions have different issues, but two types, warm, NOx, HCs, ozone, CO) · Pollution is made worse by meteorological conditions called "inversions

  17. Functional Genomics: It's All How You Read It

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boguski, Mark S.

    Functional Genomics: It's All How You Read It Philip Hieter and Mark Boguski "Functional genomics to functional genomics? An informal poll of colleagues indicates that the term is widely used, but has many genomics websites that have sprung up over the last 12 months clearly demonstrates that interpretations

  18. Unlocking Short Read Sequencing for Metagenomics Sebastien Rodrigue.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Entekhabi, Dara

    and computational pipeline yielding millions of reads that can exceed 200 bp with quality scores approaching that of traditional Sanger sequencing. The method combines an automatable gel-less library construction step (FQRNT) (www.fqrnt.gouv.qc.ca). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis

  19. Wood Products Identification by Internal Characteristics Readings C. FUENTEALBA1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Wood Products Identification by Internal Characteristics Readings C. FUENTEALBA1 , C. SIMON2 , D.fuentealba@cran.uhp-nancy.fr 5 LERMAB - Wood Research Laboratory, Epinal, France, e-mail: daniel- proving control of production tools and reacting to their defi- ciencies. For wood industries

  20. Research & Enterprise University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, RG6 6AH Tel: +44 (0)118 378 8978 Email: d.j.gillham@reading.ac.uk www.reading.ac.uk/working-with-business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reading, University of

    '. · As a start-up business Assuria required a flexible tenancy agreement. · The Science and Technology Centre of the leasing terms as well as interaction with both other SMEs and students. Assuria Ltd is a UK based and Technology Centre (STC), still within the University of Reading campus. The interaction and shared sense

  1. Energy From the Sun ( Rookie Read About Science)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, Shigemi

    Energy From the Sun ( Rookie Read About Science) By Alan Fowler Age Range: 5 and up Grade Level Series: Green Power Hardcover: 64 pages Bibliography Solar Power (Energy for Today) Age Range: 7 and up Grade Level: 2 and up Series: Energy for Today Paperback: 24 pages Done In The Sun Anne Hillerman Age

  2. The Cultural Power of Law? Conjunctive Readings Bill Maurer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brody, James P.

    The Cultural Power of Law? Conjunctive Readings Bill Maurer Sally Merry's (1999) Colonizing Hawai'i: The Cultural Power of Law provides a compelling account of the cultural transformation of the Kingdom of Hawaii: Adulterers had the ``choice'' to work off their sentences by building roads for the chiefs. And people deemed

  3. Optical fuel pin scanner. [Patent application; for reading identifications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kirchner, T.L.; Powers, H.G.

    1980-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This patent relates to an optical identification system developed for post-irradiation disassembly and analysis of fuel bundle assemblies. The apparatus is designed to be lowered onto a stationary fuel pin to read identification numbers or letters imprinted on the circumference of the top fuel pin and cap. (DLC)

  4. Updating a Biomedical Database Writing, Reading and Invisible Contribution*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Updating a Biomedical Database Writing, Reading and Invisible Contribution* David PONTILLE chargé part of biomedical research (Bowker 2000; Hine 2006). As a result of developments in molecular biology project on several biomedical databases in France and the issues involved in different forms

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - amplicon peptide display Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (CeDER) Collection: Biology and Medicine 26 Phage Display Technologies Nicole Stricker, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA Summary: viral infection, the...

  6. E-Print Network 3.0 - antibody phage display Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Collection: Physics ; Biology and Medicine 3 Phage Display Technologies Nicole Stricker, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA Summary: of antibody binding or...

  7. E-Print Network 3.0 - ac-plasma display panel Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    types of information displays have been... (projection HUD) 2-3, organic light emitting diode (OLED) ... Source: Yoon, Jun-Bo - Department of Electrical Engineering and...

  8. A Mapping Function for Variable-Scale Maps in Small-Display Cartography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrie, Lars

    of presenting geodata for personal navigation using small-display mobile devices. Ideally, the user should have for personal navigation using mobile devices are discussed. #12;

  9. An fMRI study of multimodal semantic and phonological processing in reading disabled adolescents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009 /Accepted: 11 September 2009 # The International Dyslexia Association 2009 Abstract Using Dyslexia . fMRI . Performance . Phonology. Reading disability. Semantics Introduction The neurobiology of reading disability An increasing body of research suggests that the core deficit in developmental dyslexia

  10. Eye movements of young and older adults while reading with distraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemper, Susan; McDowd, Joan; Kramer, Arthur F.

    2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors used eye-tracking technology to examine young and older adults' online performance in the reading in distraction paradigm. Participants read target sentences and answered comprehension questions following each sentence. In some sentences...

  11. Students' Perceived and Actual Use of Strategies for Reading and Writing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, Monica

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    utility of summarizing were even narrower. He associated summarizing with only reading-related writing assignments, listing

  12. High Contrast and Fast Response Polarization-Independent Reflective Display Using a Dye-Doped

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    High Contrast and Fast Response Polarization- Independent Reflective Display Using a Dye-Doped Dual-host reflective display using a dye-doped dual- frequency liquid crystal (DFLC) gel. By combining dye absorption (typically $10:1) of the employed dyes. Increasing This work was supported by Toppoly Optoelectronics (Taiwan

  13. 45.4 / V. Chigrinov 45.4: Azo-Dye Alignment for Displays and Photonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    45.4 / V. Chigrinov 45.4: Azo-Dye Alignment for Displays and Photonics Vladimir Chigrinov and Hoi Incorporated, Japan Abstract Liquid crystal photo-alignment using azo-dyes for display and photonics surface are concerned. The azo-dye photoalignment of polymerized LC films used as optical elements

  14. Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Parallel Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez, Noemi

    Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Parallel Programming in C with MPI and OpenMP Michael J. Quinn #12;Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies;Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Learning

  15. Energy Displays and Environmental Behavior: The Role of Social Values and Psychological Distance of Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAuley, Derek

    1 Energy Displays and Environmental Behavior: The Role of Social Values and Psychological Distance environmental behavior and the utility of energy displays. The British government, through energy companies established baseline scores of values. Subsequently, participants were asked to report their home energy use

  16. DISPLAY OF FRICTION IN VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENTS BASED ON HUMAN FINGER PAD CHARACTERISTICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollerbach, John M.

    DISPLAY OF FRICTION IN VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENTS BASED ON HUMAN FINGER PAD CHARACTERISTICS A. Nahvi, J City, UT 84112 ABSTRACT A friction display system is proposed for virtual environ- ments. Since a user the frictional properties of the human finger pad on 9 subjects by simultaneously recording force and movement

  17. Multi-view Rendering using GPU for 3-D Displays Francois de Sorbier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Multi-view Rendering using GPU for 3-D Displays Franc¸ois de Sorbier Graduate School of Science content for stereoscopic and auto-stereoscopic displays requires to render a scene several times from slightly different viewpoints. In that case, maintaining real-time rendering can be a difficult goal

  18. Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays Linghui Rao,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays Linghui Rao,1 Zhibing Ge,1 Shin-Tson Wu,1,a of the emerging blue-phase liquid crystal displays BP-LCDs . Simulation results indicate that the generated-effect-induced isotropic-to-anisotropic transition in blue-phase liquid crystal BPLC 1­6 has potential to become next

  19. Laser Pointer System Intuitive Interaction for Large High-Res Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reiterer, Harald

    Laser Pointer System Intuitive Interaction for Large High-Res Displays LEDs Accelerometer Vibration Buttons Laser & LEDs Unlike conventional input devices like mouse and keyboard, laser pointers do that are displayed on large high-resolution screens. The laser pointer technology was developed in cooperation

  20. Maize Transformation -The First Papers to Copy and Read *Absolutely Essential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raizada, Manish N.

    to protocol; Essential reading Armstrong, C.L., Green, C.E. and Phillips, R.L. (1991) DevelopmentMaize Transformation - The First Papers to Copy and Read *Absolutely Essential *Armstrong, C. Essential reading; how `HiII' line was derived. Armstrong, C.L. and Green, C.E. (1985) Establishment

  1. Apparatuses and methods for laser reading of thermoluminescent phosphors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Braunlich, Peter F. (SW. 730 City View, Pullman, WA 99163); Tetzlaff, Wolfgang (Pullman, WA)

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Apparatuses and methods for rapidly reading thermoluminescent phosphors to determine the amount of luminescent energy stored therein. The stored luminescent energy is interpreted as a measure of the total exposure of the thermoluminescent phosphor to ionizing radiation. The thermoluminescent phosphor reading apparatus uses a laser to generate a laser beam. The laser beam power level is monitored by a laser power detector and controlled to maintain the power level at a desired value or values which can vary with time. A shutter or other laser beam interrupting means is used to control exposure of the thermoluminescent phosphor to the laser beam. The laser beam can be equalized using an opitcal equalizer so that the laser beam has an approximately uniform power density across the beam. The heated thermoluminescent phosphor emits a visible or otherwise detectable luminescent emission which is measured as an indication of the radiation exposure of the thermoluminscent phosphors. Also disclosed are preferred signal processing and control circuits including one system using a digital computer. Also disclosed are time-profiled laser power cycles for pre-anneal, read and post-anneal treatment of phosphors.

  2. Process for producing Ti-Cr-Al-O thin film resistors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jankowski, Alan F. (Livermore, CA); Schmid, Anthony P. (Solana Beach, CA)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thin films of Ti-Cr-Al-O are used as a resistor material. The films are rf sputter deposited from ceramic targets using a reactive working gas mixture of Ar and O.sub.2. Resistivity values from 10.sup.4 to 10.sup.10 Ohm-cm have been measured for Ti-Cr-Al-O film <1 .mu.m thick. The film resistivity can be discretely selected through control of the target composition and the deposition parameters. The application of Ti-Cr-Al-O as a thin film resistor has been found to be thermodynamically stable, unlike other metal-oxide films. The Ti-Cr-Al-O film can be used as a vertical or lateral resistor, for example, as a layer beneath a field emission cathode in a flat panel display; or used to control surface emissivity, for example, as a coating on an insulating material such as vertical wall supports in flat panel displays.

  3. TI--CR--AL--O thin film resistors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jankowski, Alan F. (Livermore, CA); Schmid, Anthony P. (Solana Beach, CA)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thin films of Ti--Cr--Al--O are used as a resistor material. The films are rf sputter deposited from ceramic targets using a reactive working gas mixture of Ar and O.sub.2. Resistivity values from 10.sup.4 to 10.sup.10 Ohm-cm have been measured for Ti--Cr--Al--O film <1 .mu.m thick. The film resistivity can be discretely selected through control of the target composition and the deposition parameters. The application of Ti--Cr--Al--O as a thin film resistor has been found to be thermodynamically stable, unlike other metal-oxide films. The Ti--Cr--Al--O film can be used as a vertical or lateral resistor, for example, as a layer beneath a field emission cathode in a flat panel display; or used to control surface emissivity, for example, as a coating on an insulating material such as vertical wall supports in flat panel displays.

  4. 230 JOURNAL OF DISPLAY TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 1, NO. 2, DECEMBER 2005 Reflective Direct-View Displays Using a Dye-Doped

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    Using a Dye-Doped Dual-Frequency Liquid Crystal Gel Yi-Hsin Lin, Student Member, IEEE, Hongwen Ren--A high-contrast, fast-response, and polarizer-free re- flective display using a dye-doped dual scattering from the microdomain polymer gel and absorption from the black dyes. The fast response is due

  5. Diversity of Phage-Displayed Libraries of Peptides during Panning and Amplification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Derda, Ratmir

    The amplification of phage-displayed libraries is an essential step in the selection of ligands from these libraries. The amplification of libraries, however, decreases their diversity and limits the number of binding ...

  6. Beyond Parallax Barriers: Applying Formal Optimization Methods to Multi-Layer Automultiscopic Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heidrich, Wolfgang

    with arbitrary opacities on each layer. Second, we consider general multi-layer architectures containing three. The High-Rank 3D (HR3D) display contains a stacked pair of LCD panels; rather than using heuristically

  7. A Study on Users' Preference on Interruption When Using Wearable Computers and Head Mounted Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madiraju, Praveen

    Displays Marcus Nilsson1 , Mikael Drugge1 , Urban Liljedahl2 , Kre Synnes1 , Peter Parnes1 Lule°a Technology, 2 Division of Computer Science and Networking SE­971 87 Lule°a, Sweden {marcus.nilsson, mikael

  8. Simulation studies of bus electrode effect on discharge and luminous characteristics of plasma display panels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Insook; Choi, K.Y. [Digital Display Research Laboratory, LG Electronics Inc., 16 Woomyeon-Dong, Seocho-Gu, Seoul 137-724 (Korea, Republic of)

    2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have investigated how bus electrodes affect discharge and luminous characteristics of a discharge cell. Three-dimensional simulations have been performed in a coplanar structured alternating current plasma display panel cell, with phosphor saturation effect taken into account. There exists the optimal position of bus electrodes for high luminance and luminous efficiency. Considering bus electrode thickness, we have found that in-bus structure is a promising candidate for high luminance, high luminous efficiency, and fast operation plasma display panels. Our simulation results would be very useful to understand the influence of bus electrode on characteristics of a plasma display panel cell, and would also provide a general guidance to improve its display performances.

  9. Markerless motion-capture for point-light displays Thomas F. Shipley* and Jonathan S. Brumberg**

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shipley, Thomas F.

    can identify the weight lifted in a point-light display, even if the actor is pretending to lift, and despite extensive research in the field of computer graphics, few compelling examples of artificial human

  10. USING DISPLAY ENERGY CERTIFICATES TO QUANTIFY PUBLIC SECTOR OFFICE ENERGY CONSUMPTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Armitage, Peter; Godoy-Shimizu, Daniel; Steemers, Koen; Chenvidyakarn, Torwong

    2014-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper explores how internal and external characteristics affect energy use in the public sector office stock in England and Wales, using a database of 2,600 Display Energy Certificates (DECs) combined with other sources of disaggregated office...

  11. Visualizing Audio in a First-Person Shooter With Directional Sound Display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    , and locale, play games [5], and nearly all teens play games [4]. Thus, the video game market is expanding of video games, aptly named Deaf Gamers.1 The purpose of Digital Sound Display (DSD) is to provide a visual

  12. GreenVis: Energy-Saving Color Schemes for Sequential Data Visualization on OLED Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA north@cs.vt.edu ABSTRACT The organic light emitting diode (OLED, Color Scheme, Visualization 1. INTRODUCTION The organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display is an emerg

  13. A Directory of Dedicated Commemorative Groves, Trees and Display Plantings (sorted by common name)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waits, Lisette

    ) University of Idaho Arboretum Botanical Garden Paul Warnick Common Name Scientific Name Commemorating Ash North America Fraxinus pennsylvanica, americana etc. Idaho Public Utilities Executives' Course Aspen Groves, Trees and Display Plantings (sorted by common name) University of Idaho Arboretum Botanical

  14. A silicon current sensing amplifier and organic imager for an optical feedback OLED display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Albert, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic LEDs (OLEDs) have the potential to be used to build thin, flexible cost effective displays. Currently, the primary drawback to their usage lies in the difficulty of producing OLEDs that emit light at a constant and ...

  15. The effects of high intensity continuous auditory stimulation on the perception of visual display information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Persky, William Harold

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE EFFECTS OF HIGH INTENSITY CONTINUOUS AUDITORY STIMULATION ON THE PERCEPTION OF VISUAL DISPLAY INFORMATION A Thesis by WILLIAM HAROLD PERSKY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AS M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1972 Major Subject: Industrial Hygiene THE EFFECTS OF HIGH INTENSITY CONTINUOUS AUDITORY STIMULATION ON THE PERCEPTION OF VISUAL DISPLAY INFORMATION A Thesis by WILLIAM HAROLD PERSKY Approved...

  16. A digital color CRT image and graphics display for data analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruns, Francis Joseph

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    changing information as projected arrival and departure times and ticket availability. The CRT terminal provides a concise display of this frequently up-dated information that both the ticket agent and the public can readily un- derstand. Research... to the non-technical public. For example, many real estate offices now employ computers to store and re- trieve information on listed properties. With the addition of a color image display, the agent could call up color- coded maps of cities...

  17. Process development for a field emission structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Legg, James Derek

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by the thickness of the deposited insulator and metal anode layers. A lift-off technique is then employed to remove the photoresist mask. An undercut etch of the insulator layer and subsequent deposition of a low work function cermet material onto the...'cathode completes the fabrication. This process technology will allow for the future development of device applications such as flat panel displays, high definition television, and vacuum integrated circuits. To the memory of my grandmother, Cleo Barkley...

  18. Thin film transistors on plastic substrates with reflective coatings for radiation protection

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Jesse D.; Theiss, Steven D.; Carey, Paul G.; Smith, Patrick M.; Wickboldt, Paul

    2003-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Fabrication of silicon thin film transistors (TFT) on low-temperature plastic substrates using a reflective coating so that inexpensive plastic substrates may be used in place of standard glass, quartz, and silicon wafer-based substrates. The TFT can be used in large area low cost electronics, such as flat panel displays and portable electronics such as video cameras, personal digital assistants, and cell phones.

  19. Thin film transistors on plastic substrates with reflective coatings for radiation protection

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Jesse D. (Fairfield, CA); Theiss, Steven D. (Woodbury, MN); Carey, Paul G. (Mountain View, CA); Smith, Patrick M. (San Ramon, CA); Wickbold, Paul (Walnut Creek, CA)

    2006-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Fabrication of silicon thin film transistors (TFT) on low-temperature plastic substrates using a reflective coating so that inexpensive plastic substrates may be used in place of standard glass, quartz, and silicon wafer-based substrates. The TFT can be used in large area low cost electronics, such as flat panel displays and portable electronics such as video cameras, personal digital assistants, and cell phones.

  20. Semiconductor-based, large-area, flexible, electronic devices on {110}<100> oriented substrates

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goyal, Amit

    2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Novel articles and methods to fabricate the same resulting in flexible, oriented, semiconductor-based, electronic devices on {110}<100> textured substrates are disclosed. Potential applications of resulting articles are in areas of photovoltaic devices, flat-panel displays, thermophotovoltaic devices, ferroelectric devices, light emitting diode devices, computer hard disc drive devices, magnetoresistance based devices, photoluminescence based devices, non-volatile memory devices, dielectric devices, thermoelectric devices and quantum dot laser devices.

  1. NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY System Design and Verification of the Precession Electron Diffraction Technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    conducting oxide substrate material for potential use in flat panel displays and solar panels (Edwards et al a monoclinic unit cell with a = 11.69 °A, b = 3.17 °A, c = 10.73 °A, and = 99. The plane group is p2 unit cell distance along the projection axis, and is the precession semiangle (24 mrad). The small

  2. Semiconductor-based, large-area, flexible, electronic devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goyal, Amit (Knoxville, TN)

    2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Novel articles and methods to fabricate the same resulting in flexible, large-area, triaxially textured, single-crystal or single-crystal-like, semiconductor-based, electronic devices are disclosed. Potential applications of resulting articles are in areas of photovoltaic devices, flat-panel displays, thermophotovoltaic devices, ferroelectric devices, light emitting diode devices, computer hard disc drive devices, magnetoresistance based devices, photoluminescence based devices, non-volatile memory devices, dielectric devices, thermoelectric devices and quantum dot laser devices.

  3. {100}<100> or 45.degree.-rotated {100}<100>, semiconductor-based, large-area, flexible, electronic devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goyal, Amit (Knoxville, TN)

    2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Novel articles and methods to fabricate the same resulting in flexible, {100}<100> or 45.degree.-rotated {100}<100> oriented, semiconductor-based, electronic devices are disclosed. Potential applications of resulting articles are in areas of photovoltaic devices, flat-panel displays, thermophotovoltaic devices, ferroelectric devices, light emitting diode devices, computer hard disc drive devices, magnetoresistance based devices, photoluminescence based devices, non-volatile memory devices, dielectric devices, thermoelectric devices and quantum dot laser devices.

  4. 4.1: Rollable Reflective Multicolor Cholesteric Displays Haiqing Xianyu, Tsung-Hsien Lin, and Shin-Tson Wu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    reactive mesogen and none reactive cholesteric liquid crystal is observed. The electrically undulated display application. Blue Shift in Cholesteric Reactive Mesogen The electrically controllable blue shift: A rollable reflective multicolor display using an electrically tunable blue shift of both cholesteric

  5. Eye movements of young and older adults during reading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemper, Susan; Liu, Chiung-Ju

    2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kemper, S., & Liu, C. – J. (2007). Eye movements of young and older adults during reading. Psychology and Aging, 22, 84-94. PMID: 17385986. Publisher’s official version: http://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1037/0882-7974.22.1.84. Open Access version... n is a va ila b le o n it s si te . [This document contains the author’s accepted manuscript. For the publisher’s version, see the link in the header of this document.] Paper citation: Kemper, S., & Liu, C. – J. (2007). Eye...

  6. A pilot study of reading to improve self-esteem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bagnall, Norma Hayes

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to Children' s Reading, 3rd ed. (Ne Y rrr: pookeee rs hhoDay anan~o. , 1969), p. 9. Charlotte S. Huck, Children's Literature in the Ele entary Hoh ol, trite VoOr: HHoY, KXne~raan i~ns on, 1976), p. 26. 6 Ruth Strang, "Zvaluation oi Development...~ing from the repressed to the outgoing stage in his relationships with other children. Q estion ~e' ht: "HHo d es he rele*e * ther children in a work/study situation?" measures 17 whether or not the child can be depended on to oarry out assigned tasks...

  7. Town of Reading, Massachusetts (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,Ltd JumpOperationsInformation Mansfield,InformationReading,

  8. Guide to good practices for operations and administration updates through required reading

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Required Reading, Chapter XIV of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities. The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing programs for updating personnel with operations and administration information through required reading. Contractors are advised to adopt procedures that meet the intent of DOE Order 5480.19. Required Reading is an element of an effective Conduct of Operations program. The complexity and array of activities performed in DOE facilities dictate the necessity for a coordinated required reading program to promote safe and efficient operations.

  9. * Introducing pipe -create two file descriptors, * fd[0] for reading and fd[1] for writing.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ooi, Wei Tsang

    /* * Introducing pipe - create two file descriptors, * fd[0] for reading and fd[1] for writing. */ #include int main() { int fd[2]; char *str = "Hello World\

  10. Display computers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Lisa Min-yi Chen

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    ......................................................................................44 2.1.15.3 Tangible User Interfaces......................................................................45 2.1.15.3.1 mediaBlocks................................................................................45 2.1.15.3.2 music...Cub................................................................................................123 5.3.1.2 Ambient Media ...................................................................................123 5.3.1.3 Interaction...........................................................................................124 5.3.1.4 Fabrication...

  11. Tracking the Roots of Reading Ability: White Matter Volume and Integrity Correlate with Phonological Awareness in Prereading and Early-Reading Kindergarten Children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saygin, Zeynep M.

    Developmental dyslexia, an unexplained difficulty in learning to read, has been associated with alterations in white matter organization as measured by diffusion-weighted imaging. It is unknown, however, whether these ...

  12. New Ways of Reading: The Impact of an Interactive Book on Young Children's Story Comprehension and Parent-Child Dialogic Reading Behaviors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robb, Michael Benjamin

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Erlbaum. Ricci, C. M. , & Beal, C. R. (2002). The effect ofJong & Bus, 2002; Ricci & Beal, 2002). In a study comparingthroughout the story (Ricci & Beal, 2002). After reading the

  13. Method and apparatus for reading meters from a video image

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lewis, Trevor J. (Irwin, PA); Ferguson, Jeffrey J. (North Huntingdon, PA)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and system to enable acquisition of data about an environment from one or more meters using video images. One or more meters are imaged by a video camera and the video signal is digitized. Then, each region of the digital image which corresponds to the indicator of the meter is calibrated and the video signal is analyzed to determine the value indicated by each meter indicator. Finally, from the value indicated by each meter indicator in the calibrated region, a meter reading is generated. The method and system offer the advantages of automatic data collection in a relatively non-intrusive manner without making any complicated or expensive electronic connections, and without requiring intensive manpower.

  14. Constancy of built-in luminance meter measurements in diagnostic displays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Silosky, M., E-mail: michael.silosky@ucdenver.edu; Marsh, R. M. [Department of Radiology, University of Colorado, School of Medicine Aurora, Colorado 80045 (United States)] [Department of Radiology, University of Colorado, School of Medicine Aurora, Colorado 80045 (United States)

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Liquid crystal displays used to interpret medical images are often equipped with built-in luminance meters to evaluate luminance response and Grayscale Standard Display Function conformance. This work evaluates agreement between luminance reported by the built-in meters and external measurements. Methods: The white level luminance was measured using a built-in meter and an external meter for 93 primary review workstations (Models MFGD 3420 and MDCG 3120-CB) with between 117 and 49?336 backlight hours (BLH). Measured luminance values were compared viat-test for displays with less than 25?000 BLH and those with more than 25?000 BLH. Bias between meters was also evaluated. Changes in luminance uniformity with increasing backlight hours were explored by determining the maximum luminance deviation (MLD) for subsets of these displays with less than 800 BLH and greater than 35?000 BLH. Results: The mean difference between built-in and external luminance measurements was 5.84% and 38.92% for displays with less than 25?000 and greater than 25?000 BLH, respectively, with a statistically significant difference in the means (p < 0.001). For displays with low BLH, a statistically significant bias was observed (p < 0.001) between built-in and external measurements. A high degree of correlation was observed between measurements made with two separate external meters (r = 0.999). The mean MLD was 9.5% and 11.2% for MDCG 3120-CB displays with less than 800 and greater than 35?000 BLH, respectively. The difference in the mean values was not statistically significant (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Disagreement between the white level luminance measured using the built-in and external meter increased with BLH. Consequently, reliance on values reported by the built-in luminance meter may result in a reduction in image contrast with time. Recommendations have been proposed regarding luminance response testing and corrective action for failing displays.

  15. Construction of spin models displaying quantum criticality from quantum field theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ivan Glasser; J. Ignacio Cirac; Germán Sierra; Anne E. B. Nielsen

    2014-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We provide a method for constructing finite temperature states of one-dimensional spin chains displaying quantum criticality. These models are constructed using correlators of products of quantum fields and have an analytical purification. Their properties can be investigated by Monte-Carlo simulations, which enable us to study the low-temperature phase diagram and to show that it displays a region of quantum criticality. The mixed states obtained are shown to be close to the thermal state of a simple nearest neighbour Hamiltonian.

  16. Mobile Collaboration: Collaboratively Reading and Creating Children's Stories on Mobile Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golbeck, Jennifer

    Mobile Collaboration: Collaboratively Reading and Creating Children's Stories on Mobile Devices 20742 allisond@umiacs.umd.edu, mona@cs.umd.edu ABSTRACT This paper discusses design iterations of Mobile Stories ­ a mobile technology that empowers children to collaboratively read and create stories. We

  17. Aligning context-based statistical models of language with brain activity during reading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knight, Kevin

    Aligning context-based statistical models of language with brain activity during reading Leila for incoming words given the context. On the other hand, brain imaging studies have sug- gested that during reading, the brain (a) continu- ously builds a context from the successive words and every time

  18. English as a second language teachers' perceptions and use of classroom-based reading assessment.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jia, Yueming

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to explore ESL teachersÂ? perceptions and use of classroom-based reading assessments. The research questions underpinning this study were: 1) What types of classroom-based reading assessments are used in ESL classrooms...

  19. White matter pathways in reading Michal Ben-Shachar, Robert F Dougherty and Brian A Wandell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wandell, Brian A.

    White matter pathways in reading Michal Ben-Shachar, Robert F Dougherty and Brian A Wandell Skilled tensor imaging has been used to identify correlations between white matter properties and reading skills in adults and children. White matter differences have been found in left temporo-parietal areas

  20. Beyond brain reading: randomized sparsity and clustering to simultaneously predict and identify

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Beyond brain reading: randomized sparsity and clustering to simultaneously predict and identify A from functional MRI (fMRI) is known as brain reading. From a statistical standpoint, this challenge by the classifier are relevant, one cannot state that these voxels form the brain regions involved in the cognitive

  1. Compressed Meter Reading for Delay-sensitive and Secure Load Report in Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Robert Caiming

    1 Compressed Meter Reading for Delay-sensitive and Secure Load Report in Smart Grid Husheng Li, Rukun Mao, Lifeng Lai and Robert. C. Qiu Abstract-- It is a key task in smart grid to send the readings years, the technology of smart grid has attracted significant studies in both communities of power

  2. On the Effects of Haptic Display in Brush and Ink Simulation for Chinese Painting and Calligraphy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ouhyoung, Ming

    On the Effects of Haptic Display in Brush and Ink Simulation for Chinese Painting and Calligraphy Jeng-sheng Yeh jsyeh@cmlab.csie.ntu.edu.tw Ting-yu Lien andie@cmlab.csie.ntu.edu.tw Ming Ouhyoung ming@csie.ntu

  3. Rollable multicolor display using electrically induced blueshift of a cholesteric reactive mesogen mixture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    Rollable multicolor display using electrically induced blueshift of a cholesteric reactive mesogen September 2006 Electrically controllable blueshift of the reflection band in a planar cholesteric reactive mesogen cell is observed. The responsible mechanism is electric-field-induced Helfrich deformation J. Chem

  4. Polymer Thermodynamics and Chain Structure Polymers display some similarities and some differences with nano-aggregates.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beaucage, Gregory

    for aggregates and by the late Paul Flory of Stanford for polymer coils. Since the spring constant of a polymer of a polymer coil is largely determined by entropy, an individual polymer coil displays an increasing spring an aggregate in nanomaterials and a polymer coil in Polymer Science. The mass-fractal or minimum dimension

  5. UpStream: Motivating Water Conservation with Low-Cost Water Flow Sensing and Persuasive Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulos, Eric

    in the world does not have access to safe drinking water (1.1 billion people), over 2.5 billion lack adequateUpStream: Motivating Water Conservation with Low-Cost Water Flow Sensing and Persuasive Displays, Pittsburgh, PA, USA {stace, paulos}@cs.cmu.edu ABSTRACT Water is our most precious and most rapidly declining

  6. INTER-MOUNTAIN BASINS MIXED SALT DESERT SCRUB extent exaggerated for display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTER-MOUNTAIN BASINS MIXED SALT DESERT SCRUB R.Rondeau extent exaggerated for display ATRIPLEX., Lycium ssp., Suaeda spp., Yucca glauca, and Tetradymia spinosa. Dwarf- shrubs include Gutierrezia and Holmgren 1984). Forb cover is generally sparse. Perennial forbs that might occur include INTER-MOUNTAIN

  7. DOI: 10.1002/chem.200901707 Bipyridinium Array-Type Porous Polymer Displaying Hydrogen Storage,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jing

    DOI: 10.1002/chem.200901707 Bipyridinium Array-Type Porous Polymer Displaying Hydrogen Storage applications in storage,[1] separation,[2] and catalysis.[3] Although the surface modification of the chan and 4.27.6 along [100], and a void space of about 41.4%. Hydrogen adsorption measure- ments at 77 K

  8. Roll-to-Roll Nanomanufacturing Processes and Applications to Display and Solar Cell Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keaveny, Tony

    Roll-to-Roll Nanomanufacturing Processes and Applications to Display and Solar Cell Devices% enhanced the power efficiency in organic solar cells as compared with devices made by ITO. BIOGRAPHY L. Jay related to nanotechnologies and photonics, including symposium chair of two MRS topical conferences

  9. One of the world's smallest functioning electron accelerators, on display at Paris' Trocadro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    One of the world's smallest functioning electron accelerators, on display at Paris' Trocadéro science exhibition allows science enthusiasts to see-- and even control--a real electron accelerator countries. But around Paris, it is a tabletop accelerator that has locals amped up. Near the Trocadéro

  10. Evaluation of Viewport Size and Curvature of Large, High-Resolution Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of geospatial tasks that may be used in aerial im- agery comparison and analysis. Geospatial data is ideal compared user performance time, accu- racy, and mental workload on geospatial search, route tracing- figurable display, viewport size, curvature, geospatial 1 Introduction Tiling multiple monitors to increase

  11. Verification of Computer Display Pre-compensation for Visual Aberrations in an Artificial Eye

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barreto, Armando

    Verification of Computer Display Pre-compensation for Visual Aberrations in an Artificial Eye user's eye) has been confirmed for a simple "artificial eye". This device has been constructed from (CCD) array that mimics the retina of a real eye. While the CCD array allows for the inspection

  12. Ris-PhD-8(EN) Design of Process Displays based on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø-PhD-8(EN) Design of Process Displays based on Risk Analysis Techniques Jette Lundtang Paulsen in partial fulfilment of the re- quirements for the Ph.D. degree at The Technical Univer- sity of Denmark, a combination of a Goal-Tree and a Fault-Tree, is described in some detail. Finally we address the problem

  13. EXCALIBUR, A THREE-AXIS FORCE DISPLAY Richard J. Adams * Manuel R. Moreyra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is a three degree-of-freedom Cartesian manipulator, designed to act as a haptic interface to virtual. The force feed- back device, or haptic display, is usually a robotic manipulator with which a human operator] or the Phantom [3], its unique design makes it one of very few haptic devices to deliver the combination of high

  14. Power Minimization in a Backlit TFT-LCD Display by Concurrent Brightness and Contrast Scaling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    Brightness and Contrast Scaling (CBCS) technique for a cold cathode fluorescent lamp (CCFL) backlit TFT out that the cold cathode fluorescent lamp (CCFL) backlight of an LCD display dominates the energy be used to characterize the optical power emitted from a spot light source, such as a light bulb

  15. Power Minimization in a Backlit TFT-LCD Display by Concurrent Brightness and Contrast Scaling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    Brightness and Contrast Scaling (CBCS) technique for a cold cathode fluorescent lamp (CCFL) backlit TFT fluorescent lamp (CCFL) backlight of an LCD display dominates the energy consumption of the whole system [1 be used to characterize the optical power emitted from a spot light source, such as a light bulb

  16. Liquid/Liquid Interface Polymerized Porphyrin Membranes Displaying Size-Selective Molecular and Ionic Permeability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liquid/Liquid Interface Polymerized Porphyrin Membranes Displaying Size-Selective Molecular: December 5, 2005 Thin polymeric membranes have been formed by liquid/liquid interfacial copolymerization of controllable thickness to be obtained.7 The polymerization of 1 was accomplished by condensation of porphyrin

  17. First International Symposium on Cold Cathodes Dielectric Science and Technology/Electronics/Luminescent and Display Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cahay, Marc

    /Electronics/Luminescent and Display Materials 198th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society Date: October 22­27, 2000 Location: Phoenix Noise (flicker, shot), ffl Emitters (e.g., Spindt­type field emitters, Negative electron affinity abstract to the ECS headquarters and also to K. L. Jensen at the address below. #12; Electrochemical

  18. Fort Meade demonstration test LEDS in freezer rooms, fiber optics in display cases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parker, Steven; Parker, Graham B.

    2008-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Demonstration projects at Fort George G. Meade, MD, substituted LED lighting for incandescent bulbs in commisary wal-in freezers and fiber optic lighting in reach-in display cases. The goal was to reduce energy consumption and the results were positive. Journal article published in Public Works Digest

  19. Application of Nanotechnology to liquid crystal displays H S Kwok, Z L Xie and Fion Yeung

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Application of Nanotechnology to liquid crystal displays H S Kwok, Z L Xie and Fion Yeung Center shall report new results on the application of nanotechnology to LCD. Specifically we shall discuss as the alignment layer. Summary We describe here two experiments on the application of nanotechnology to liquid

  20. 3D Haptic Modeling System using Ungrounded Pen-shaped Kinesthetic Display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tachi, Susumu

    3D Haptic Modeling System using Ungrounded Pen-shaped Kinesthetic Display Sho Kamuro 1) Kouta-dimensional (3D) haptic modeling system that enables a user to create 3D models as though he/she is drawing and intuitively create various 3D shapes by drawing closed curves in air using the device. The created shapes

  1. A comparison of visual cuing methods in large displays during performance of a secondary task

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rankin, John Edgar

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Large Displays. ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Secondary Tasks. ~ ~ . ~ . . . ~ ~ . ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ . . ~ . . . ~ . ~ ~ ~ III ' EXPERIMENTAL METHOD ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 17 19 Subjectse... button pushing task. In this study, a corresponding signal light was placed directly above each of eight pushbuttons mounted on a panel that could be moved in order to measure reach time for various reach distances. It was found that reach time does...

  2. Extended papers from NPAR 2010 Stylized ambient displays of digital media collections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collomosse, John

    Extended papers from NPAR 2010 Stylized ambient displays of digital media collections Tinghuai Wang collections of personal digital media. However, once captured, this media is infrequently accessed and often lies dormant on users' PCs. We present a system to breathe life into home digital media collections

  3. Battery driven 8 channel pulse height analyzer with compact, single gamma-peak display

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Morgan, John P. (Idaho Falls, ID); Piper, Thomas C. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention comprises a hand-held wand including an l.e.d. display and a aI photomultiplier tube encased in lead or other suitable gamma shielding material, and an electronics and battery back-pack package connected to the wand.

  4. Computational Light Routing: 3D Printed Optical Fibers For Sensing and Display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Computational Light Routing: 3D Printed Optical Fibers For Sensing and Display THIAGO PEREIRA or restrict themselves to light dif- fusion in volumes. We use multi-material 3D printing to fabricate objects Additional Key Words and Phrases: 3D printing, optical fibers ACM Reference Format: Pereira, T, Rusinkiewicz

  5. Tacticycle A Tactile Display for Supporting Tourists on a Bicycle Trip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boll, Susanne

    Tacticycle ­ A Tactile Display for Supporting Tourists on a Bicycle Trip Benjamin Poppinga, Martin, tourists, exploration, bicycle 1. BACKGROUND AND MOTIVATION Going on a bicycle trip is a common leisure for bicycles used in touristic trips. Figure 1: A group of tourists on a bicycle trip on an island. In order

  6. (Haskins Analysis Display and Experiment System) Philip Rubin, Ph.D.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HADES (Haskins Analysis Display and Experiment System) Philip Rubin, Ph.D. Vice President://www.haskins.yale.edu/ and Yale University School of Medicine Department of Surgery (Otolaryngology) #12;I. INTRODUCTION HADES, speech, and other sampled data in an experimental context. HADES has become the main system for signal

  7. Carbon-containing cathodes for enhanced electron emission

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cao, Renyu (Cupertino, CA); Pan, Lawrence (Pleasanton, CA); Vergara, German (Madrid, ES); Fox, Ciaran (Los Altos, CA)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A cathode has electropositive atoms directly bonded to a carbon-containing substrate. Preferably, the substrate comprises diamond or diamond-like (sp.sup.3) carbon, and the electropositive atoms are Cs. The cathode displays superior efficiency and durability. In one embodiment, the cathode has a negative electron affinity (NEA). The cathode can be used for field emission, thermionic emission, or photoemission. Upon exposure to air or oxygen, the cathode performance can be restored by annealing or other methods. Applications include detectors, electron multipliers, sensors, imaging systems, and displays, particularly flat panel displays.

  8. The impact of parental involvement: a study of the relationship between homework and kindergarten Texas Primary Reading Inventory scores

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Jill Marie

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of School Home Links activity guide homework on kindergarten Texas Primary Reading Inventory scores. Student Texas Primary Reading Inventory (TPRI) scores were obtained and analyzed for gains...

  9. Read: Literary Journey: A Rushdie-esque take on Nepali Travel Writing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fineprint Bookclub

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    library-based mod- el.” It has three objectives: (a) education through libraries and literacy, (b) economic growth and (c) social development through community centres. It has helped estab- lished 39 community libraries in 35 districts across the country... on to read more. Later, during my college years in Calcutta, my af? nity for libraries and reading actually came to my aid in other ways too. I could go to the libraries to avoid the heat, and reading was also the most eco- nomical way of impressing people...

  10. Method and apparatus for the simultaneous display and correlation of independently generated images

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vaitekunas, Jeffrey J. (Chicago, IL); Roberts, Ronald A. (Crown Point, IN)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus and method for location by location correlation of multiple images from Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE) and other sources. Multiple images of a material specimen are displayed on one or more monitors of an interactive graphics system. Specimen landmarks are located in each image and mapping functions from a reference image to each other image are calcuated using the landmark locations. A location selected by positioning a cursor in the reference image is mapped to the other images and location identifiers are simultaneously displayed in those images. Movement of the cursor in the reference image causes simultaneous movement of the location identifiers in the other images to positions corresponding to the location of the reference image cursor.

  11. Wall lizards display conspicuous signals to conspecifics and reduce detection by avian predators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marshall, Kate L. A.; Stevens, Martin

    2014-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    were conducted in 497 relation to our predictions. 498 499 Among-island variation in avian predator vs. conspecific perception of P. erhardii 500 conspicuousness 501 Page 22 of 52Behavioral Ecology 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19... For Review Only Wall lizards display conspicuous signals to conspecifics and reduce detection by avian predators Journal: Behavioral Ecology Manuscript ID: BEHECO-2014-0135.R2 Manuscript Type: Original article Keywords...

  12. JOURNAL OF DISPLAY TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 5, NO. 8, AUGUST 2009 319 A Simple Transflective LCD for Mobile Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    JOURNAL OF DISPLAY TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 5, NO. 8, AUGUST 2009 319 A Simple Transflective LCD for Mobile well. Its fabrication process is fairly simple and it is suit- able for mobile applications. Index-LCD). I. INTRODUCTION TRANSFLECTIVE liquid crystal displays (TR-LCDs) have been widely used in mobile

  13. http://www.jstor.org A Test of the Bicolored Fruit Display Hypothesis: Berry Removal with Artificial Fruit Flags

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muchhala, Nathan

    http://www.jstor.org A Test of the Bicolored Fruit Display Hypothesis: Berry Removal with Artificial Fruit Flags Author(s): Jennifer M. Cramer, Maria L. Cloud, Nathan C. Muchhala, Anastasia E. Ware Botanical Society 130(1), 2003, pp. 30-33 A test of the bicolored fruit display hypothesis: Berry removal

  14. A Comparison of Immersive HMD, Fish Tank VR and Fish Tank with Haptics Displays for Volume Visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Healey, Christopher G.

    A Comparison of Immersive HMD, Fish Tank VR and Fish Tank with Haptics Displays for Volume: (1) head-mounted display (HMD); (2) fish tank VR (fish tank); and (3) fish tank VR augmented its structure. Fish tank and haptic participants saw the entire volume on-screen and rotated

  15. Polar Maps at the William C. Wonders Map Collection, University of Alberta Display items -PLC June 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacMillan, Andrew

    Polar Maps at the William C. Wonders Map Collection, University of Alberta Display items - PLC June, University of Alberta Display items - PLC June 2008 C:\\Documents and Settings items - PLC June 2008 C:\\Documents and Settings\\mclarke\\Desktop\\PolarLibraries.doc10/3/2008 3 7 Title

  16. Kindergarten Family Reading Institute: Empowering Parents Through a Sustained Home and School Partnership

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulloa, Carlos

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    S. , & Shaywitz, B. (1999). Dyslexia. In K. Swaiman and S.learners and students with dyslexia. In S. J. Samuels & A.reading disability (dyslexia). In M. Kamil, P. Mosenthal, P.

  17. E-Print Network 3.0 - array integrated read Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Information Sciences 8 Computation Visualization Summary: of mxArray to get from MATLAB. Description engGetArray reads the named mxArray from the MATLAB engine... Delete...

  18. Efficient Short-Read Assembly of Eukaryotic Genomes (2010 JGI/ANL HPC Workshop)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Chapman, Jarrod

    2011-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Jarrod Chapman of the DOE JGI gives a presentation on "Efficient Short-Read Assembly of Eukaryotic Genomes" at the JGI/Argonne HPC Workshop on January 25, 2010.

  19. Linking Family Background and Home Language with English Reading Comprehension amog Bi/Multilinguals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yulia, Astri

    2013-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    in International Reading Literacy Study (IEA – PIRLS, 2006) data of Singaporean fourth grade students were used. The data were potentially nested, therefore, the models formulated in this study had multilevel structures, student- and school-levels. The results...

  20. Imagery, affect, and the embodied mind: implications for reading and responding to literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krasny, Karen A.

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    capacity for imaginative thought in order to achieve literal, inferential, and critical comprehension, and to explore the implications of an embodied mind for reading and responding to literary texts. The investigation yielded a critical review...

  1. Saccadic suppression during reading activity : is the spill-over effect weaker after a longer saccade? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yatabe, Kiyomi

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although it has generally thought that the duration of saccades should be subtracted from the reading time in eye movement research, Irwin (1998) has demonstrated that lexical processing such as word recognition is not ...

  2. Parallel Assembly of Large Genomes from Paired Short Reads (2010 JGI/ANL HPC Workshop)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Aluru, Srinivas [Iowa State University

    2011-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Srinivas Aluru from Iowa State University gives a presentation on "Parallel Assembly of Large Genomes from Paired Short Reads" at the JGI/Argonne HPC Workshop on January 25, 2010.

  3. The particpation and performance of students with emotional disturbance on state accountability assessment in reading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carr George, Catherine Elizabeth

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examined the participation rates and performance results of students with emotional disturbance (ED) in a statewide reading assessment. Public school districts in Texas use the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) test...

  4. E-Print Network 3.0 - atlas tilecal read-out Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: atlas tilecal read-out Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Calibration and signal reconstruction in...

  5. How Does the Brain Learn to Read? Guest Lecture by James R. Booth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    How Does the Brain Learn to Read? Guest Lecture by James R that general principles of brain development are key to reaching a deeper understanding) the specialization of brain regions for different computations and (2) the interaction between

  6. Conflict Management and Dispute Resolution Services May 2011 Read More about Conflict Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    . Dana, Daniel., Managing Differences: How to Build Better Relationships at Work and Home. (MConflict Management and Dispute Resolution Services May 2011 Read More about Conflict Management Management o Bullying Conflict and Culture Influence Mediation Negotiation Facilitation and Group Problem

  7. SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC DETERMINATION OF Fe IN DRINKING WATER Background Reading: Harris, 7th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weston, Ken

    SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC DETERMINATION OF Fe IN DRINKING WATER Background Reading: Harris, 7th ed., Chap contaminants in drinking water can be determined spectrophotometrically, including iron. Although iron the iron content of drinking water to

  8. The impact of using guided reading to teach low-literate adults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Donita J.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Massengill discusses a guided reading instructional framework applied to four adult participants, including Joelle, Peter, Troy, and Malia. She stresses that the instructional framework improved the learners' word-recognition ...

  9. Rapid Evolutionary Placement of Short Sequence Reads (2010 JGI/ANL HPC Workshop)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Stamatakis, Alexis [Technical University of Munich

    2011-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Alexis Stamatakis of the Technical University of Munich gives a presentation on "Rapid Evolutionary Placement of Short Sequence Reads" at the JGI/Argonne HPC Workshop on January 26, 2010.

  10. Policy Implications: Replacing the Reading TAKS Cut Scores with the Common Core Curriculum Reading Cut Scores on Three Middle School Campuses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thaemlitz, Kristi

    2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    in grades 6-8. The population for this study included three middle schools during the 2010 school year within one large suburban school district. State reading assessment data collected from these three schools included students' scores from grades 6, 7...

  11. Common Data Set 2011-2012 J Column heading for CIP categories to include now reads: CIP 2010 Categories to Include

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Common Data Set 2011-2012 J Column heading for CIP categories to include now reads: CIP 2010 Categories to Include J CIP category 3 description now reads: Natural resources and conservation J CIP category 5 description now reads: Area, ethnic, and gender studies J CIP category 16 description now reads

  12. Sep 26, 2006 K. Uhlemann, C. Engelmann, and S.L. Scott -The University of Reading and Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engelmann, Christian

    Sep 26, 2006 K. Uhlemann, C. Engelmann, and S.L. Scott - The University of Reading and Oak Ridge The University of Reading, Reading, UK 2 Computer Science and Mathematics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, USA #12;Sep 26, 2006 K. Uhlemann, C. Engelmann, and S.L. Scott - The University of Reading

  13. Triode carbon nanotube field emission display using barrier rib structure and manufacturing method thereof

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Han, In-taek (Yongin, KR); Kim, Jong-min (Seongnam, KR)

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A triode carbon nanotube field emission display (FED) using a barrier rib structure and a manufacturing method thereof are provided. In a triode carbon nanotube FED employing barrier ribs, barrier ribs are formed on cathode lines by a screen printing method, a mesh structure is mounted on the barrier ribs, and a spacer is inserted between the barrier ribs through slots of the mesh structure, thereby stably fixing the mesh structure and the spacer within a FED panel due to support by the barrier ribs.

  14. DuPont Displays Develops Low-Cost Method of Printing OLED Panels

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DuPont Displays Inc. (DDI) has developed a novel way of printing color-tunable OLED lighting panels that keeps manufacturing costs low. The method involves processing the organic layers from solution, with most of the process steps taking place under atmospheric conditions rather than in a high vacuum. Industry-standard slot-coating methods are used in conjunction with nozzle printing—in which the solutions of organic materials are continuously jetted through an array of nozzles moving at high speed—allowing the light-emitting materials to be spatially patterned.

  15. Printed assemblies of ultrathin, microscale inorganic light emitting diodes for deformable and semitransparent displays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A; Nuzzo, Ralph; Kim, Hoon-sik; Brueckner, Eric; Park, Sang Il; Kim, Rak Hwan

    2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Described herein are printable structures and methods for making, assembling and arranging electronic devices. A number of the methods described herein are useful for assembling electronic devices where one or more device components are embedded in a polymer which is patterned during the embedding process with trenches for electrical interconnects between device components. Some methods described herein are useful for assembling electronic devices by printing methods, such as by dry transfer contact printing methods. Also described herein are GaN light emitting diodes and methods for making and arranging GaN light emitting diodes, for example for display or lighting systems.

  16. Transmission integral analysis of Mössbauer spectra displaying hyperfine parameter distributions with arbitrary profile

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klencsár, Zoltán, E-mail: z.klencsar@mosswinn.hu [Pitvar u. 11., Budapest 1141 (Hungary)

    2014-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Accurate quantitative analysis of Mössbauer spectra displaying thickness effects requires the consideration of the so-called transmission integral when modeling the spectral shape. Whereas this is straightforward when the correct model for the decomposition of the absorber's nuclear resonance absorption cross-section into individual components is a priori known, in the absence of such knowledge and notably in the presence of hyperfine parameter distributions with an unknown profile, the so-called model-independent evaluation methods could be used to fit the spectra. However, the methods available for this purpose were developed for the analysis of spectra for which the thin absorber approximation is valid, and thus they do not take the sample thickness and related effects into account. Consequently, in order to use them for spectra displaying thickness effects, their usage needs to be generalized by combining them with transmission integral fitting. A new algorithm realizing such a generalized version of the Hesse-Rübartsch model-independent evaluation method was developed recently as an integral part of the MossWinn program. In the present work, the working principle of the newly developed algorithm is described in details along with examples illustrating the capabilities of the method for the case of {sup 57}Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy.

  17. Content-adaptive parallax barriers: optimizing dual-layer 3D displays using low-rank light field factorization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lanman, Douglas

    We optimize automultiscopic displays built by stacking a pair of modified LCD panels. To date, such dual-stacked LCDs have used heuristic parallax barriers for view-dependent imagery: the front LCD shows a fixed array of ...

  18. Scalable multi-view stereo camera array for real world real-time image capture and three-dimensional displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Samuel L. (Samuel Lincoln), 1978-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The number of three-dimensional displays available is escalating and yet the capturing devices for multiple view content are focused on either single camera precision rigs that are limited to stationary objects or the use ...

  19. Passively addressed FLC display possessing an inherent gray scale and memory E. P. Pozhidaev, V. G. Chigrinov,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    substance (azobenzene sulfuric dye SD-1 layer) and another one was simply washed in N,N-dimethyl- formamide and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong. © Copyright 2006 Society for Information Display 1071

  20. Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuation-based light field and high dynamic range displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wetzstein, Gordon

    We develop tomographic techniques for image synthesis on displays composed of compact volumes of light-attenuating material. Such volumetric attenuators recreate a 4D light field or high-contrast 2D image when illuminated ...

  1. Wiebe, E. N. (1994). Evaluation of alternative methods of representing three-dimensional 1 objects on computer displays. In, Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on computer displays. In, Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 38th Annual Meeting, October

  2. How Modern Displays Push Conventional Colorimetry to its Limit Abhijit Sarkar1,2, Laurent Blond1, Patrick Le Callet2, Florent Autrusseau2, Jrgen Stauder1,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 How Modern Displays Push Conventional Colorimetry to its Limit Abhijit Sarkar1,2, Laurent Blondé1

  3. Pre-read and post-read annealing techniques for the Harshaw/Filtrol Inc. CaSO?:Dy beta TDL chip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarthy, Daniel Patrick

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is of particular importance to the overall characterization of the dosimeter. During routine use of a TLD chip there are a number of factors which may introduce error into the thermoluminescent (TL) output. Two of these factors include fading (instability... and increase the accuracy of the thermoluminescent (TL) output. These procedures are known as annealing. Annealing is the process of heating a TLD chip to predetermined temperatures, prior to irradiation and prior to reading, to increase sensitivity...

  4. Engineering yeast consortia for surface-display of complex cellulosome structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Wilfred [University of Delaware

    2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    As our society marches toward a more technologically advanced future, energy and environmental sustainability are some of the most challenging problems we face today. Biomass is one of the most abundant renewable-feedstock for sustainable production of biofuels. However, the main technological obstacle to more widespread uses of this resource is the lack of low-cost technologies to overcome the recalcitrant nature of the cellulosic structure, especially the hydrolysis step on highly ordered celluloses. In this proposal, we successfully engineered several efficient and inexpensive whole-cell biocatalysts in an effort to produce economically compatible and sustainable biofuels, namely cellulosic ethanol. Our approach was to display of a highly efficient cellulolytic enzyme complex, named cellulosome, on the surface of a historical ethanol producer Saccharomyces cerevisiae for the simultaneous and synergistic saccharification and fermentation of cellulose to ethanol. We first demonstrated the feasibility of assembling a mini-cellulosome by incubating E. coli lysates expressing three different cellulases. Resting cells displaying mini-cellulosomes produced 4-fold more ethanol from phosphoric acid-swollen cellulose (PASC) than cultures with only added enzymes. The flexibility to assemble the mini-cellulosome structure was further demonstrated using a synthetic yeast consortium through intracellular complementation. Direct ethanol production from PASC was demonstrated with resting cell cultures. To create a microorganism suitable for a more cost-effective process, called consolidated bioprocessing (CBP), a synthetic consortium capable of displaying mini-cellulosomes on the cell surface via intercellular complementation was created. To further improve the efficiency, a new adaptive strategy of employing anchoring and adaptor scaffoldins to amplify the number of enzymatic subunits was developed, resulting in the creation of an artificial tetravalent cellulosome on the yeast surface and a significant improvement in cellulosic ethanol production. Although this adaptive strategy is ideal for assembling more complex cellulosome for large-scale production of cellulosic ethanol, a substantially larger number of enzymes (up to 10 to 12) is needed to better mimic the natural cellulosome structures for practical usage of the technology.

  5. Development of a graphical user interface and graphics display for the WIND system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O`Steen, B.L.; Fast, J.D.; Suire, B.S.

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    An advanced graphical user interface (GUI) and improved graphics for transport calculations have been developed for the Weather Information and Display System (WINDS). Two WINDS transport codes, Area Evac and 2DPUF, have been ported from their original VAX/VMS environment to a UNIX operating system and reconfigured to take advantage of the new graphics capability. A developmental prototype of this software is now available on a UNIX based IBM 340 workstation in the Dose Assessment Center (DAC). Automatic transfer of meteorological data from the WINDS VAX computers to the IBM workstation in the DAC has been implemented. This includes both regional National Weather Service (NWS) data and SRS tower data. The above developments fulfill a FY 1993 DOE milestone.

  6. Development of a graphical user interface and graphics display for the WIND system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Steen, B.L.; Fast, J.D.; Suire, B.S.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An advanced graphical user interface (GUI) and improved graphics for transport calculations have been developed for the Weather Information and Display System (WINDS). Two WINDS transport codes, Area Evac and 2DPUF, have been ported from their original VAX/VMS environment to a UNIX operating system and reconfigured to take advantage of the new graphics capability. A developmental prototype of this software is now available on a UNIX based IBM 340 workstation in the Dose Assessment Center (DAC). Automatic transfer of meteorological data from the WINDS VAX computers to the IBM workstation in the DAC has been implemented. This includes both regional National Weather Service (NWS) data and SRS tower data. The above developments fulfill a FY 1993 DOE milestone.

  7. Two-phase power-law modeling of pipe flows displaying shear-thinning phenomena

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ding, Jianmin; Lyczkowski, R.W.; Sha, W.T.

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes work in modeling concentrated liquid-solids flows in pipes. COMMIX-M, a three-dimensional transient and steady-state computer program developed at Argonne National Laboratory, was used to compute velocities and concentrations. Based on the authors` previous analyses, some concentrated liquid-solids suspension flows display shear-thinning rather than Newtonian phenomena. Therefore, they developed a two-phase non-Newtonian power-law model that includes the effect of solids concentration on solids viscosity. With this new two-phase power-law solids-viscosity model, and with constitutive relationships for interfacial drag, virtual mass effect, shear lift force, and solids partial-slip boundary condition at the pipe walls, COMMIX-M is capable of analyzing concentrated three-dimensional liquid-solids flows.

  8. Method for determining and displaying the spacial distribution of a spectral pattern of received light

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bennett, C.L.

    1996-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    An imaging Fourier transform spectrometer is described having a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer providing a series of images to a focal plane array camera. The focal plane array camera is clocked to a multiple of zero crossing occurrences as caused by a moving mirror of the Fourier transform infrared spectrometer and as detected by a laser detector such that the frame capture rate of the focal plane array camera corresponds to a multiple of the zero crossing rate of the Fourier transform infrared spectrometer. The images are transmitted to a computer for processing such that representations of the images as viewed in the light of an arbitrary spectral ``fingerprint`` pattern can be displayed on a monitor or otherwise stored and manipulated by the computer. 2 figs.

  9. Method for determining and displaying the spacial distribution of a spectral pattern of received light

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bennett, Charles L. (Livermore, CA)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An imaging Fourier transform spectrometer (10, 210) having a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (12) providing a series of images (40) to a focal plane array camera (38). The focal plane array camera (38) is clocked to a multiple of zero crossing occurrences as caused by a moving mirror (18) of the Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (12) and as detected by a laser detector (50) such that the frame capture rate of the focal plane array camera (38) corresponds to a multiple of the zero crossing rate of the Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (12). The images (40) are transmitted to a computer (45) for processing such that representations of the images (40) as viewed in the light of an arbitrary spectral "fingerprint" pattern can be displayed on a monitor (60) or otherwise stored and manipulated by the computer (45).

  10. Action-centered display design: Observations and conclusions to HMI by applying digital I and C in main control rooms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Treier, C.; Zeck, K.; Weich, A.; Schildheuer, R. [Tuev Sued Energietechnik GmbH Baden-Wuerttemberg, Gottlieb-Daimler-Strasse 7, D-70794 (Germany)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the increasing use of digital I and C systems, the shift personnel in a Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) has the chance to dispose of new supporting methods that influence their actions directly or indirectly. Besides the automation of monitoring and control functions, the task- and problem-oriented increased number of (current state) information in screen based displays is to be mentioned. A few released screen based displays of a German NPP illustrate the influence on the course of action. Therefore the design of displays won't only be determined by the operating mode in future but displays themselves are influencing the operating mode offering both very compact and dynamic information that can directly be used in the operating mode. In order to be able to take these future key functions adequately and early into consideration when designing screen based displays, the development of design instruments like Style Guides with Good Practice methods and construction catalogues both on a company and on an company spanning level is essential: a challenging task for economy and science and also for standardization committees that shall be illustrated in the following report. (authors)

  11. P\\procedure\\EU#7 Page 1 of 2 TITLE: PROCEDURE FOR RECORDING AND TRANSMITTING METER READINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    P\\procedure\\EU#7 Page 1 of 2 TITLE: PROCEDURE FOR RECORDING AND TRANSMITTING METER READINGS FOR NEW METER SETS, METER REPLACEMENTS AND WHEN THE ACCOUNTABILITY FOR THE METERS USAGE CHANGES OBJECTIVE AND PURPOSE: To provide a timely and accurate method of capturing meter readings when a meter is changed out

  12. STFC Introductory Summer School m.j.owens@reading.ac.uk18 Sept 2012 Solar Variability and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STFC Introductory Summer School m.j.owens@reading.ac.uk18 Sept 2012 Solar Variability and Climate · The climate system · Solar variability · Solar effects on climate ­ Regional and global effects · The future? #12;STFC Introductory Summer School m.j.owens@reading.ac.uk Climate system #12;The source of much

  13. School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, University of Reading, Silver Renewal, November 2013. Athena SWAN Silver Department award renewal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, University of Reading, Silver Renewal, November 2013. 1 Athena SWAN Silver Department award renewal application Name of institution: University of Reading of university Bronze award: renewed November 2011 Level of award applied for: Silver renewal Athena SWAN Silver

  14. Techniques for Reducing Read Latency of Core Bus Wrappers Roman L. Lysecky, Frank Vahid, Tony D. Givargis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vahid, Frank

    Techniques for Reducing Read Latency of Core Bus Wrappers Roman L. Lysecky, Frank Vahid, Tony D with their internal logic separated from their bus wrapper. This separation may introduce extra read latency. Pre. In this paper, we introduce a technique for automatically designing a pre-fetch unit that satisfies user

  15. Effective Cerebral Connectivity during Silent Speech Reading Revealed by Functional Magnetic Resonance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Effective Cerebral Connectivity during Silent Speech Reading Revealed by Functional Magnetic Y-H, Lin F-H, Chou Y-J, Tsai KW-K, Kuo W-J, et al. (2013) Effective Cerebral Connectivity during that no competing interests exist. * E-mail: fhlin@ntu.edu.tw . These authors contributed equally to this work

  16. Learning ReadOnce Formulas with Queries Dana Angluin \\Lambda Lisa Hellerstein y Marek Karpinski z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hellerstein, Lisa

    ­once formulas [26]. We also show that no polynomial time algorithm using only membership queries or only kinds of queries. The main results are a polynomial time algorithm for exact identification of monotone on the notion of a minimally adequate teacher [1]). Our results improve on Valiant's previous results for read

  17. 16. Wave-particle interaction Reading: Shu, Vol.II, Ch.29

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pohl, Martin Karl Wilhelm

    16. Wave-particle interaction Reading: Shu, Vol.II, Ch.29 16.1 Landau damping We started our discussion of hydromagnetic waves with simple one-dimensional electrostatic fluctuations, the Langmuir waves, whose dispersion relation is = p = e2 ne 0 me Can the waves change plasma properties or, vice versa

  18. Evaluation of DysWebxia: A Reading App Designed for People with Dyslexia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evaluation of DysWebxia: A Reading App Designed for People with Dyslexia Luz Rello Web Research for people with dyslexia. DysWebxia integrates previous results about the best way to present text for people with dyslexia to gether with a unique feature, the ability to show synonyms on demand for complex words

  19. Motion Detection, LetterPosition Encoding, and Single WordReading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Peter

    with dyslexia find it un- usually difficult to detect flickering or moving visual stimuli, consis- tent of Dyslexia,Vol.48, 1998 Copyright~ 1998by The International Dyslexia Association ISSN 0736-9387 155 #12). Such children are commonly described as having developmental dyslexia. Given that reading requires a rapid

  20. Rhythm Reproduction in Kindergarten, Reading Performance at Second Grade, and Developmental Dyslexia Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Dyslexia Theories Georges Dellatolasa,b,*, Laurence Watierb, Marie-The´re`se Le Normanda, Todd Lubarta to read. In 1951, Stambak provided preliminary evi- dence that children with dyslexia performed less well-related theories of developmental dyslexia. It is con- cluded that simple rhythm reproduction tasks in kindergarten

  1. Impaired Oral Reading in Surface Dyslexia: Detailed Comparison of a Patient and a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plaut, David C.

    Impaired Oral Reading in Surface Dyslexia: Detailed Comparison of a Patient and a Connectionist connectionist network. ¤ Both MP and the network exhibit the characteristic pattern of surface dyslexia system masters some but not all exception words, and that surface dyslexia arises when this system

  2. Neighborhood Watch: Security and Privacy Analysis of Automatic Meter Reading Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Wenyuan

    Neighborhood Watch: Security and Privacy Analysis of Automatic Meter Reading Systems Ishtiaq Rouf gruteser@winlab.rutgers.edu ABSTRACT Research on smart meters has shown that fine-grained en- ergy usage data poses privacy risks since it allows inferences about activities inside the home. While smart meter

  3. Creating a Computer Science Canon: a Course of "Classic" Readings in Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisenberg, Michael A.

    Creating a Computer Science Canon: a Course of "Classic" Readings in Computer Science Michael Eisenberg Department of Computer Science and Institute of Cognitive Science University of Colorado Boulder, CO 80309-0430 duck@cs.colorado.edu Abstract Computer science has a reputation of being a discipline

  4. BLACK POLITICAL THEOLOGY Spring 2010 // Georgia State University // Directed Reading Graduate Course

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, Robert

    BLACK POLITICAL THEOLOGY Spring 2010 // Georgia State University // Directed Reading Graduate in "political theology" in the humanities. The term comes from the German jurist Carl Schmitt who suggested in his book of that title that "all significant political concepts of the modern theory of the state

  5. Assembly free comparative genomics of short-read sequence data discovers the needles in the haystack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Assembly free comparative genomics of short-read sequence data discovers the needles of Biological Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA Abstract Most comparative genomic analyses an assembly free analysis of SRS data that discovers sequence variants among focal genomes by tabulating

  6. Tips for Reading Scholarly and Journal Articles What is a scholarly journal/journal article?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    the article, be SURE to cite the source, see Brandeis' Academic Integrity page *** Quoting for definitionsTips for Reading Scholarly and Journal Articles What is a scholarly journal/journal article articles in them are how that knowledge is shared with others (like students!). In order to stay up

  7. meraculous: de novo genome assembly with short paired-end reads

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chapman, Jarrod A.; Ho, Isaac; Sunkara, Sirisha; Luo, Shujun; Schroth, Gary P.; Rokhsar, Daniel S.

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a new algorithm, meraculous, for whole genome assembly of deep paired-end short reads, and apply it to the assembly of a dataset of paired 75-bp Illumina reads derived from the 15.4 megabase genome of the haploid yeast Pichia stipitis. More than 95% of the genome is recovered, with no errors; half the assembled sequence is in contigs longer than 101 kilobases and in scaffolds longer than 269 kilobases. Incorporating fosmid ends recovers entire chromosomes. Meraculous relies on an efficient and conservative traversal of the subgraph of the k-mer (deBruijn) graph of oligonucleotides with unique high quality extensions in the dataset, avoiding an explicit error correction step as used in other short-read assemblers. A novel memory-efficient hashing scheme is introduced. The resulting contigs are ordered and oriented using paired reads separated by ~280 bp or ~3.2 kbp, and many gaps between contigs can be closed using paired-end placements. Practical issues with the dataset are described, and prospects for assembling larger genomes are discussed.

  8. EPMA Instructions for Thin Film Samples General guidelines to reading computer related commands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EPMA Instructions for Thin Film Samples General guidelines to reading computer related commands: `Single quote' = menu item, window, or icon "Double quote" = something you type = button you your sample, thin film up, on the dot of epoxy 4. Repeat until all samples are on the puck 5. Flip your

  9. Can your dog read your mind? Understanding the causes of canine perspective taking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    Can your dog read your mind? Understanding the causes of canine perspective taking Monique A. R, some have hypothesized that domestic dogs may have theory of mind, or the ability to infer what other lupus . Perspective taking . Social cognition . Theory of mind . Domestication . Dog shelter. Learning

  10. Read the labels Compact interferometers that exploit the wave character of atoms have the potential of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 ATOM CHIPS Read the labels Compact interferometers that exploit the wave character of atoms have that harnesses the internal structure of atoms should bring such applications a step closer. Chris Westbrook Atom is increased by the ratio of their rest energy to the energy of the photon -- some ten orders of magnitude1

  11. 1 Philosophy From reading the works of Plato and Aristotle to studying

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    1 Philosophy PHILOSOPHY From reading the works of Plato and Aristotle to studying logic and phenomenology, students in the philosophy program are provided a broad-based learning experience. One examines the intersection of philosophy with other subjects, including law, biomedicine, science

  12. Section name University of Reading 2010 Wednesday 13 October 2010 Page 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reading, University of

    and the management of your course of study. Early action It is important to obtain sound advice as soon as you know to identify any relevant risks associated with your study programme and to manage these risks for your of Reading 2010 Wednesday, 13 October 2010 Page 2 Health and Safety advice can also be found at www.hse

  13. Every Teacher a Teacher of Reading?: A Systematic Literature Review of Content-Area Literacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Chyllis Elayne

    2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    ...................................................................................... 15 The Historical Context of Content-Area Literacy Research ............ 15 Content-Area Literacy Over the Past Century ......................... 16 National Reading Panel and Common Core State Standards ... 19 Common Core Standards... .............................................................................................. 32 Introduction ..................................................................................... 32 Previous Reviews of Content-Area Literacy Research .................... 33 Evidence of Educational Research and U.S. National...

  14. An Algorithm to Learn ReadOnce Threshold Formulas, and some Generic Transformations between Learning Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eckmiller, Rolf

    An Algorithm to Learn Read­Once Threshold Formulas, and some Generic Transformations between@cpsc.ucalgary.ca Thomas R. Hancock y Siemens Corporate Research, Inc. 755 College Road East Princeton, NJ 08540 e­mail: hancock@learning.scr.siemens.com Lisa Hellerstein z Department of EECS Northwestern University 2145

  15. An Algorithm to Learn Read-Once Threshold Formulas, and some Generic Transformations between Learning Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eckmiller, Rolf

    An Algorithm to Learn Read-Once Threshold Formulas, and some Generic Transformations between. Hancocky Siemens Corporate Research, Inc. 755 College Road East Princeton, NJ 08540 e-mail: hancock@learning.scr.siemens of generic transformations that can be used to convert an algorithm in one learning model into an algorithm

  16. HOW TO READ A DARS REPORT A tutorial for undergraduate Harpur College students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    HOW TO READ A DARS REPORT A tutorial for undergraduate Harpur College students Created April 2011 #12;WHAT IS THE DARS REPORT? DARS stands for Degree Audit Reporting System. The DARS report is a tool to assist you in determining requirements for graduation. The DARS does not replace your Harpur

  17. Data and analysis on energy usage included: Taking readings on energy each minute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appendix B Data and analysis on energy usage included: § Taking readings on energy each minute § 14 Changes from A/V to General Room 22 Changes from General to A/V The Control Room uses 82% more energy than and presents it graphically for easy interpretation. The graphs below compare an ICLS classroom to the Control

  18. Device-independent quantum reading and noise-assisted quantum transmitters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wojciech Roga; Daniela Buono; Fabrizio Illuminati

    2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    In quantum reading, a quantum state of light (transmitter) is applied to read classical information. In the presence of noise or for sufficiently weak signals, quantum reading can outperform classical reading by enhanced state distinguishability. Here we show that the enhanced quantum efficiency depends on the presence in the transmitter of a particular type of quantum correlations, the discord of response. Different encodings and transmitters give rise to different levels of efficiency. Considering noisy quantum probes we show that squeezed thermal transmitters with non-symmetrically distributed noise among the field modes yield a higher quantum efficiency compared to coherent thermal quantum states. The noise-enhanced quantum advantage is a consequence of the discord of response being a non-decreasing function of increasing thermal noise under constant squeezing, a behavior that leads to an increased state distinguishability. We finally show that, for non-symmetric squeezed thermal states, the probability of error, as measured by the quantum Chernoff bound, vanishes asymptotically with increasing local thermal noise at finite global squeezing. Therefore, at fixed finite squeezing, noisy but strongly discordant quantum states with large noise imbalance between the field modes can outperform noisy classical resources as well as pure entangled transmitters with the same finite level of squeezing.

  19. Reading human relationships from their interaction with an interactive humanoid robot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kanda, Takayuki

    are different to traditional task-oriented robots, such as industrial robots, which perform certain tasks in limited applications. Interaction-oriented robots are designed to communicate with humans and to be ableReading human relationships from their interaction with an interactive humanoid robot Takayuki

  20. PET Model v1.0 Read Me File March 28, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PET Model v1.0 Read Me File March 28, 2011 These notes describe the compiling procedure, input files, and output files associated with a 9-region, 5- sector version of the PET model version 1.0, used to generate the scenarios reported in O'Neill et al., 2010.1 Compiling The PET model is currently compiled

  1. Stat 328 Reading on Six Sigma, TQM, Statistics and Business Process Improvement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vardeman, Stephen B.

    Stat 328 Reading on Six Sigma, TQM, Statistics and Business Process Improvement Primarily Adapted 28, 2001 1 Statistics and Six Sigma Programs The modern global business environment is ...ercely Sigma." The name originated at Motorola Corpo- ration in the late 1980's. Six Sigma programs at General

  2. Thursday, March 11, 2010 Pages to read: CH5, 407-422

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    Acid Rain Thursday, March 11, 2010 Pages to read: CH5, 407-422 #12;Cap and Trade Working Already rain, to 7.6 million tons in 2008. #12;Overview of Acid Rain Phenomenon Most common term Agency announced that power plants across the country decreased emissions of SO2, a precursor to acid

  3. Sir --We read with interest your editorial "Ending the pain in Spain" (Nature 428, 1;

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sir -- We read with interest your editorial "Ending the pain in Spain" (Nature 428, 1; 2004 expertise and will to come and work in Spain. Mark van Raaij* Departamento de Bioquímica, Facultad de postdoc working outside Spain for almost five years, I welcome your Editorial "Ending the pain in Spain

  4. of science and art, read on and all will be revealed.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haylett, Kevin R.

    this you will already have picked up the starting point of a good abstract. But to produce a real work the world to get together, assess, and disseminate other people's work. Once an abstract is acceptedof science and art, read on and all will be revealed. An abstract isn't abstract When you first

  5. The Use of a Dynamic Screening of Phonological Awareness to Predict Reading Risk for Kindergarten Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bridges, Melinda Sittner

    2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    , Ph.D., Chairperson* ________________________________ Diane Frome Loeb, Ph.D. Committee Members ________________________________ Diane C. Nielsen, Ph.D. ________________________________ Mabel L. Rice, Ph... AWARENESS TO PREDICT READING RISK FOR KINDERGARTEN STUDENTS Committee: ________________________________ Hugh W. Catts, Ph.D., Chairperson ________________________________ Diane Frome Loeb, Ph...

  6. PLEASE READ ALL INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE BEGINNING INVENTORY Procedures for Completing Annual Capital Equipment Inventory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provancher, William

    PLEASE READ ALL INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE BEGINNING INVENTORY Procedures for Completing Annual Capital Equipment Inventory 1. Check off each item on the inventory report, as it is located. Place one of the small white inventory FY 2011 stickers on the equipment, as it is located. This will eliminate counting

  7. POLANYI ON INSTITUTIONS AND MONEY -AN INTERPRETATION SUGGESTED BY A READING OF COMMONS,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    POLANYI ON INSTITUTIONS AND MONEY - AN INTERPRETATION SUGGESTED BY A READING OF COMMONS, MITCHELL of Karl Polanyi who thinks of money as an institution that embeds the economy into social relationships. In this analytical framework, stripping money of its institutional character and trying to reduce it to a commodity

  8. Comparing Code Reading and Testing Criteria: A Replication of Experimental Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carver, Jeffrey C.

    Comparing Code Reading and Testing Criteria: A Replication of Experimental Studies Jose@icmc.usp.br sfabbri@dc.ufscar.br mgmn@unifacs.br Emerson D6ria UNOESTE 19050-680 Pres. Prudente, SP, Brazil emerson) research agencies. This experiment aims to compare inspection and testing techniques at code level

  9. Phonological and semantic influences on auditory word perception in children with and without reading impairments using magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehner, Daniel T

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Children with dyslexia struggle with learning to read despite adequate intelligence, motivation, and schooling. Over the years, there has been a growing consensus about the role of phonological processing in reading ...

  10. The Effects of Concept Mapping and Questioning on Students’ Organization and Retention of Science Knowledge While Using Interactive Read-Alouds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, Jaime Leigh

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    questioning with writing group (comparison group). With the same teacher, the school science specialist, the students completed an eight day unit regarding "soil formation" comprised of read-alouds, discussions and reading comprehension activities. (There...

  11. Characterization of Epitaxial Film Silicon Solar Cells Grown on Seeded Display Glass: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, D. L.; Grover, S.; Teplin, C.; Stradins, P.; LaSalvia, V.; Chuang, T. K.; Couillard, J. G.; Branz, H. M.

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report characterizations of epitaxial film crystal silicon (c-Si) solar cells with open-circuit voltages (Voc) above 560 mV. The 2-um absorber cells are grown by low-temperature (<750 degrees C) hot-wire CVD (HWCVD) on Corning EAGLE XG display glass coated with a layer-transferred (LT) Si seed. The high Voc is a result of low-defect epitaxial Si (epi-Si) growth and effective hydrogen passivation of defects. The quality of HWCVD epitaxial growth on seeded glass substrates depends on the crystallographic quality of the seed and the morphology of the epitaxial growth surface. Heterojunction devices consist of glass/c-Si LT seed/ epi n+ Si:P/epi n- Si:P/intrinsic a-Si:H/p+ a-Si:H/ITO. Similar devices grown on electronically 'dead' n+ wafers have given Voc {approx}630 mV and {approx}8% efficiency with no light trapping features. Here we study the effects of the seed surface polish on epi-Si quality, how hydrogenation influences the device character, and the dominant junction transport physics.

  12. Display device for indicating the value of a parameter in a process plant

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Scarola, Kenneth (Windsor, CT); Jamison, David S. (Windsor, CT); Manazir, Richard M. (North Canton, CT); Rescorl, Robert L. (Vernon, CT); Harmon, Daryl L. (Enfield, CT)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An advanced control room complex for a nuclear power plant, including a discrete indicator and alarm system (72) which is nuclear qualified for rapid response to changes in plant parameters and a component control system (64) which together provide a discrete monitoring and control capability at a panel (14-22, 26, 28) in the control room (10). A separate data processing system (70), which need not be nuclear qualified, provides integrated and overview information to the control room and to each panel, through CRTs (84) and a large, overhead integrated process status overview board (24). The discrete indicator and alarm system (72) and the data processing system (70) receive inputs from common plant sensors and validate the sensor outputs to arrive at a representative value of the parameter for use by the operator during both normal and accident conditions, thereby avoiding the need for him to assimilate data from each sensor individually. The integrated process status board (24) is at the apex of an information hierarchy that extends through four levels and provides access at each panel to the full display hierarchy. The control room panels are preferably of a modular construction, permitting the definition of inputs and outputs, the man machine interface, and the plant specific algorithms, to proceed in parallel with the fabrication of the panels, the installation of the equipment and the generic testing thereof.

  13. Designing Large High-Resolution Display Workspaces Alex Endert, Lauren Bradel, Jessica Zeitz, Christopher Andrews, Chris North

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    configuration (i.e. form factor), technology used for construction, and usage [1]. In size, they range from Large, high-resolution displays have enormous potential to aid in scenarios beyond their current usage. Their current usages are primarily limited to presentations, visualization demonstrations, or conducting

  14. Correlated evolution of mating system and floral display traits in flowering plants and its implications for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalisz, Susan

    : floral display, flower size, mating system evolution, resource allocation, sex allocation, trade in the outcrossing rate database was compared with that of a random sam- ple of the same flora. · The outcrossing and total allocation to attraction can explain the deviation from expected trade-offs between flower size

  15. Figure 1. HomeWindow showing the energy usage of several monitors, displays, and computers with colored

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Saul

    Figure 1. HomeWindow showing the energy usage of several monitors, displays, and computers with colored auras. Red is high usage while green is low usage. HomeWindow: An Augmented Reality Domestic that reflects its current and historical energy use. Categories and Subject Descriptors H.5.2 [Information

  16. Synthesis and properties of Sr2CeO4 blue emission powder phosphor for field emission displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    for publication 19 January 1999 A blue emission powder phosphor Sr2CeO4 for field emission displays was preparedV. The emission peak of this phosphor is at 470 nm and Commission International de l'Eclairage coordinates are x 0

  17. Phage display selection of recombinant antibodies derived from a chicken immune library against cryopreserved Eimeria tenella sporozoites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abi Ghanem, Daad Ali

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    An antibody library against Eimeria tenella sporozoites was constructed by phage display. Total RNA was isolated from the spleen, bone marrow, and ceca of immune chickens, and was used to reverse-transcribe cDNA. Heavy and light antibody variable...

  18. Exploring 3D Interaction in Alternate Control-Display Space Mappings Jeroen Keijser Sheelagh Carpendale* Mark Hancock* Tobias Isenberg*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Exploring 3D Interaction in Alternate Control-Display Space Mappings Jeroen Keijser Sheelagh ABSTRACT The desire to have intuitive, seamless 3D interaction fuels research exploration into new approaches to 3D interaction. However, within these explorations we continue to rely on Brunelleschi

  19. FrameBox and MirrorBox: Tools and Guidelines to Support Designers in Prototyping Interfaces for 3D Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BMW Group 3 University of Stuttgart Media Informatics Group Research & Technology VIS AmalienstraÃ?e 17 firstname.lastname@ifi.lmu.de Nora.NB.Broy@bmw.de firstname.lastname@vis.uni-stuttgart.de Figure 1: We 3D displays are nowadays widely available for entertainment in cinemas or home environments. While

  20. Staff Radiation Doses in a Real-Time Display Inside the Angiography Room

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanchez, Roberto, E-mail: rmsanchez.hcsc@salud.madrid.org; Vano, E.; Fernandez, J. M. [Hospital Clinico San Carlos, Medical Physics Department (Spain); Gallego, J. J. [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Radiology Department (Spain)

    2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    MethodsThe evaluation of a new occupational Dose Aware System (DAS) showing staff radiation doses in real time has been carried out in several angiography rooms in our hospital. The system uses electronic solid-state detectors with high-capacity memory storage. Every second, it archives the dose and dose rate measured and is wirelessly linked to a base-station screen mounted close to the diagnostic monitors. An easy transfer of the values to a data sheet permits further analysis of the scatter dose profile measured during the procedure, compares it with patient doses, and seeks to find the most effective actions to reduce operator exposure to radiation.ResultsThe cumulative occupational doses measured per procedure (shoulder-over lead apron) ranged from 0.6 to 350 {mu}Sv when the ceiling-suspended screen was used, and DSA (Digital Subtraction Acquisition) runs were acquired while the personnel left the angiography room. When the suspended screen was not used and radiologists remained inside the angiography room during DSA acquisitions, the dose rates registered at the operator's position reached up to 1-5 mSv/h during fluoroscopy and 12-235 mSv/h during DSA acquisitions. In such case, the cumulative scatter dose could be more than 3 mSv per procedure.ConclusionReal-time display of doses to staff members warns interventionists whenever the scatter dose rates are too high or the radiation protection tools are not being properly used, providing an opportunity to improve personal protection accordingly.

  1. Method of improving field emission characteristics of diamond thin films

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Krauss, Alan R. (Naperville, IL); Gruen, Dieter M. (Downer Grove, IL)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of preparing diamond thin films with improved field emission properties. The method includes preparing a diamond thin film on a substrate, such as Mo, W, Si and Ni. An atmosphere of hydrogen (molecular or atomic) can be provided above the already deposited film to form absorbed hydrogen to reduce the work function and enhance field emission properties of the diamond film. In addition, hydrogen can be absorbed on intergranular surfaces to enhance electrical conductivity of the diamond film. The treated diamond film can be part of a microtip array in a flat panel display.

  2. Large area, surface discharge pumped, vacuum ultraviolet light source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sze, R.C.; Quigley, G.P.

    1996-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Large area, surface discharge pumped, vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) light source is disclosed. A contamination-free VUV light source having a 225 cm{sup 2} emission area in the 240-340 nm region of the electromagnetic spectrum with an average output power in this band of about 2 J/cm{sup 2} at a wall-plug efficiency of approximately 5% is described. Only ceramics and metal parts are employed in this surface discharge source. Because of the contamination-free, high photon energy and flux, and short pulse characteristics of the source, it is suitable for semiconductor and flat panel display material processing. 3 figs.

  3. Method of improving field emission characteristics of diamond thin films

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Krauss, A.R.; Gruen, D.M.

    1999-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of preparing diamond thin films with improved field emission properties is disclosed. The method includes preparing a diamond thin film on a substrate, such as Mo, W, Si and Ni. An atmosphere of hydrogen (molecular or atomic) can be provided above the already deposited film to form absorbed hydrogen to reduce the work function and enhance field emission properties of the diamond film. In addition, hydrogen can be absorbed on intergranular surfaces to enhance electrical conductivity of the diamond film. The treated diamond film can be part of a microtip array in a flat panel display. 3 figs.

  4. Large area, surface discharge pumped, vacuum ultraviolet light source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sze, Robert C. (Santa Fe, NM); Quigley, Gerard P. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Large area, surface discharge pumped, vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) light source. A contamination-free VUV light source having a 225 cm.sup.2 emission area in the 240-340 nm region of the electromagnetic spectrum with an average output power in this band of about 2 J/cm.sup.2 at a wall-plug efficiency of approximately 5% is described. Only ceramics and metal parts are employed in this surface discharge source. Because of the contamination-free, high photon energy and flux, and short pulse characteristics of the source, it is suitable for semiconductor and flat panel display material processing.

  5. Electrochemical formation of field emitters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bernhardt, Anthony F. (Berkeley, CA)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrochemical formation of field emitters, particularly useful in the fabrication of flat panel displays. The fabrication involves field emitting points in a gated field emitter structure. Metal field emitters are formed by electroplating and the shape of the formed emitter is controlled by the potential imposed on the gate as well as on a separate counter electrode. This allows sharp emitters to be formed in a more inexpensive and manufacturable process than vacuum deposition processes used at present. The fabrication process involves etching of the gate metal and the dielectric layer down to the resistor layer, and then electroplating the etched area and forming an electroplated emitter point in the etched area.

  6. Learning to Read Chinese: The Relative Roles of Phonological Awareness and Morphological Awareness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Yi-Chih

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    …...72 1 Chapter I: Introduction In the past few decades, phonological awareness has received much attention in reading research (e.g., Adams, 1990; Goswami & Bryant, 1990). In contrast, morphological awareness has not been extensively discussed..., 1991). Syllable awareness develops earlier than onset-rime awareness, which, in turn, develops earlier than phonemic awareness (Goswami & Bryant, 1990). While the development of syllable awareness and onset-rime awareness is affected by oral language...

  7. Exploring interests: are there relationships among general interests, reading interests, and personality dimensions?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Courtney Ann

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    . In 1992, Norton wrote the book entitled The Impact of Literature-based Reading. In this text, she identified five book categories: folklore, modern fantasy, poetry, contemporary realistic fiction, and historical fiction... together because they are all rooted in fact (Norton, 1992). Even though elements of the stories presented in historical fiction texts did not actually happen, 10 27 the writings still contain accurate information for the particular time period...

  8. Eric Slud 8/29/01 Reading List for AMSC 699 Genomics Seminar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    , P., Brown, P., and Botstein, D. (1998) Cluster analysis and display of genome-wide expression, Eisen, M., . . ., Botstein, D., Brown, P., and Staudt, L. (2000) Distinct types of diffuse large B.g., high-school biology texts, or e.g. the text in BIOL 105, Campbell, Reece, and Mitchell, Biology, 5th ed

  9. Method and apparatus of periodically obtaining accurate opacity monitor readings of an exhaust gas stream

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weaver, K.L.; Bellows, J.C.

    1990-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This patent describes in an opacity monitor associated with an exhaust stack, the monitor having a transmitter and a receiving which cooperate to measure a quantity of particulate matter in an exhaust gas stream, a method of periodically obtaining opacity monitor readings. It comprises: shielding the monitor from the exhaust gas stream by placing two windows adjacent to the monitor, a first window being placed between the transmitter and the exhaust gas stream and a second window being placed between the receiver and the exhaust gas stream; cleaning at least one of the windows for a first predetermined time period by spraying a volatile nonflammable cleaning solvent onto the window by means of a sprayer intermittently operable during the first predetermined time period while wiping the window with a reciprocating wiper arm in resilient engagement therewith; then obtaining an opacity monitor reading by directing a light beam across the exhaust stack from the transmitter via the first window through the exhaust gas stream to the receiver via the second window; and alternately repeating the step of cleaning the window with the step of obtaining an opacity monitor reading.

  10. INTERACTIVE READING EXPERIENCES OF AFRICAN AMERICAN FATHERS AND SOCIAL FATHERS AND THEIR 4-AND 5-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JACKSON, CLARISSA RENEE'

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to investigate the patterns of book choice and interaction during book reading sessions of six African American fathers and social fathers and their 4- to 5-year-old children. ...

  11. U-152: OpenSSL "asn1_d2i_read_bio()" DER Format Data Processing Vulnerability

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The vulnerability is caused due to a type casting error in the "asn1_d2i_read_bio()" function when processing DER format data and can be exploited to cause a heap-based buffer overflow.

  12. A review of "Opening Scripture: Bible Reading and Interpretive Authority in New England." by Lisa M. Gordis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ira Clark

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    210 SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS Lisa M. Gordis. Opening Scripture: Bible Reading and Interpretive Authority in Puritan New England. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2003. xi + 309 pp. $39.00. Review by IRA CLARK, UNIVERSITY...

  13. A review of "Reading the Renaissance: Ideas and Idioms from Shakespeare to Milton." by Marc Berley, ed.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frances Malpezzi

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    224 SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS Marc Berley, ed. Reading the Renaissance: Ideas and Idioms from Shakespeare to Milton. Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press, 2003. viii + 278 pp. $60.00. Review by FRANCES M. MALPEZZI, ARKANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY...

  14. A study of teacher solicitations and student responses during read-alouds with kindergarten, first grade, and second grade students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia, Norma Garza

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Co-Chairs of Committee, Donna E. Norton James F. McNamara Committee Members, Mark Sadoski Juan R. Lira Head of Department, Dennie L. Smith August 2007 Major Subject: Curriculum... State University Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. Donna E. Norton Dr. James F. McNamara Read-alouds can be very useful in the classroom to assist students in gaining knowledge and improving reading skills. Educational research...

  15. Read More...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassive Solar HomePromising Science for1PrincipalRare

  16. P-11 / X. Li P-11: LC Display Cell Photo-alignment by a Super-thin Azo-dye Layer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P-11 / X. Li P-11: LC Display Cell Photo-alignment by a Super-thin Azo-dye Layer Xihua Li, Fion Sze Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong Abstract We proposed a novel method of forming a super-thin azo-dye-plane switching mode displays. In the present research, a new photochemical stable azobenzene sulfuric dye, SD-1

  17. Wind Display Device for Locomotion Interface in a Virtual Environment Sandip Kulkarni, Charles Fisher, Eric Pardyjak, Mark Minor and John Hollerbach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollerbach, John M.

    Wind Display Device for Locomotion Interface in a Virtual Environment Sandip Kulkarni, Charles ABSTRACT This paper describes development of a wind display system for the TreadPort virtual environment locomotion interface, which is cumulatively known as the TreadPort Active Wind Tunnel (TPAWT). Computational

  18. VSP VIDEO DISPLAY TERMINAL CONFIRMATION FORM For your protection, California law requires the following to appear on this form: Any person who knowingly presents a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    VSP VIDEO DISPLAY TERMINAL CONFIRMATION FORM For your protection, California law requires to use a video display terminal four or more hours per day on a regular, ongoing basis. I understand on the plan allowances. VSP PO Box 997105 Sacramento, CA 95899-7105 Attn: Out-of-Network Claims The VSP Video

  19. The TGA codons are present in the open reading frame of selenoprotein P cDNA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, K.E.; Lloyd, R.S.; Read, R.; Burk, R.F. (Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States))

    1991-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The TGA codon in DNA has been shown to direct incorporation of selenocysteine into protein. Several proteins from bacteria and animals contain selenocysteine in their primary structures. Each of the cDNA clones of these selenoproteins contains one TGA codon in the open reading frame which corresponds to the selenocysteine in the protein. A cDNA clone for selenoprotein P (SeP), obtained from a {gamma}ZAP rat liver library, was sequenced by the dideoxy termination method. The correct reading frame was determined by comparison of the deduced amino acid sequence with the amino acid sequence of several peptides from SeP. Using SeP labelled with {sup 75}Se in vivo, the selenocysteine content of the peptides was verified by the collection of carboxymethylated {sup 77}Se-selenocysteine as it eluted from the amino acid analyzer and determination of the radioactivity contained in the collected samples. Ten TGA codons are present in the open reading frame of the cDNA. Peptide fragmentation studies and the deduced sequence indicate that selenium-rich regions are located close to the carboxy terminus. Nine of the 10 selenocysteines are located in the terminal 26% of the sequence with four in the terminal 15 amino acids. The deduced sequence codes for a protein of 385 amino acids. Cleavage of the signal peptide gives the mature protein with 366 amino acids and a calculated mol wt of 41,052 Da. Searches of PIR and SWISSPROT protein databases revealed no similarity with glutathione peroxidase or other selenoproteins.

  20. An investigation of the longitudinal effects of the Chapter 1 reading component from 1982 through 1987

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burnett, Joyce Kay

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1987 Major Subject: Curriculum and Instruction AN INVESTIGATION OF THE LONGITUDINAL EFFECTS OF THE CHAPTER 1 READING COMPONENT FROM 1982 THROUGH 1987 A Thesis by JOYCE BURNETT Approved as to style and content... Discussion Implications for Schools Implications for Research. 11 18 31 33 33 34 34 37 37 40 40 44 50 51 51 55 56 REFERENCES VITA Page 57 60 LIST OF TABLES TABLE 1 TABLE 2 Grade Level of Subjects. Grade Level Students First...

  1. Thinking About Buying a Car this Summer? Read This First! | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment of EnergyProgram (Alabama)TechnologyPhoenix,Further readingDRAFT -Department

  2. 4-kbit Josephson nondestructive read-out RAM operated at 580 psec and 6. 7 MW

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tahara, S.; Ishida, I.; Nagasawa, S.; Hidaka, M.; Tsuge, H.; Wada, Y. (Fundamental Research Lab., NEC Corp., 34 Miyukigaoka, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 (JP))

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper proposes a fully decoded 4-kbit Josephson non-destructive read-out high-speed RAM with vortex transitional memory cells designed and operated successfully. The 4-kbit Josephson RAM is composed of 64 {times} 64 bit cells, polarity-convertible drivers, address decoders using resistor coupled Josephson logic (RCJL) gates and a resistively loaded sense circuit. The memory cells employ vortex transitions in their superconducting loops for writing and reading data. The cells are activated by two control signals without timing control, while all peripheral circuits are activated by an AC power supply. This memory configuration eliminates the timing sequence needed for memory operations, resulting in a decrease in the memory operation time for an actual memory chip. The 4-kbit Josephson high-speed RAM is fabricated using niobium planarization technique with a 1.5-{mu}m design rule. The RAM circuit size is 4.8 {times} 4.8 mm{sup 2} and the memory cell is 55 {times} 55 {mu}m{sup 2}.

  3. Effect of Magnetic Field on The Friction and Wear Displayed by The Scratch of Oil Lubricated Steel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    unknown authors

    Abstract — The present work discusses the effect of magnetic field on the friction and wear of steel scratched by TiC insert. The steel was lubricated by oil and dispersed by iron, copper and aluminium powders as well as polymeric powders such as high density polyethylene (PE), polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) and polyamide (PA6). Molybdenum disulphide (MoS 2) and graphite (C) were added to the oil as dispersant. Paraffin oil was used as lubricant. Friction coefficient and wear of the tested composites were investigated using a tribometer designed and manufactured for that purpose. It was found that application of induction magnetic field decreased friction coefficient. The decrease was significant for oil lubricated steel and oil dispersed by aluminium, copper, PMMA and PA6 + 10 wt. % C, while addition of iron, PE and MoS 2 particles showed slight friction decrease. At no magnetic field friction coefficient for oil dispersed by aluminium and copper particles showed values lower than that observed for oil dispersed by iron particles. The lowest values of friction coefficient were displayed by oil dispersed by PE particles. Magnetic field caused significant wear increase for oil lubricated steel, where aluminium, copper and PA6 + C particles displayed relatively higher wear, while addition of iron, PE, PMMA and MoS 2 particles showed slight wear increase. At no magnetic field wear decreased due to the action of aluminium particles which formed a continuous layer on the steel surface and consequently decreased wear. Wear of oil lubricated steel dispersed by PE particles displayed relatively low values. Magnetic field showed no significant change on wear of the steel surface. Index Term-- Induction, magnetic field, scratch, friction coefficient, wear, iron, copper, aluminium polymethyl methacrylate, polyethylene, polyamide, molybdenum disulphide, paraffin oil. I.

  4. Low Power, Red, Green and Blue Carbon Nanotube Enabled Vertical Organic Light Emitting Transistors for Active Matrix OLED Displays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCarthy, M. A. [University of Florida, Gainesville; Liu, B. [University of Florida, Gainesville; Donoghue, E. P. [University of Florida, Gainesville; Kravchenko, Ivan I [ORNL; Kim, D. Y. [University of Florida, Gainesville; So, Franky [University of Florida, Gainesville; Rinzler, A. G. [University of Florida, Gainesville

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic semiconductors are potential alternatives to polycrystalline silicon as the semiconductor used in the backplane of active matrix organic light emitting diode displays. Demonstrated here is a light-emitting transistor with an organic channel, operating with low power dissipation at low voltage, and high aperture ratio, in three colors: red, green and blue. The single-wall carbon nanotube network source electrode is responsible for the high level of performance demonstrated. A major benefit enabled by this architecture is the integration of the drive transistor, storage capacitor and light emitter into a single device. Performance comparable to commercialized polycrystalline-silicon TFT driven OLEDs is demonstrated.

  5. Animal-Assisted Literacy Instruction for Students With Identified Learning Disabilities: Examining the Effects of Incorporating a Therapy Dog into Guided Oral Reading Sessions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treat, Wendy Abigail

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Singleton, C. (2005). Dyslexia and oral reading errors.Greaney, K. (2010). Defining dyslexia. Journal of LearningA for more information). Dyslexia: According to Tunmer &

  6. Sharpening of field emitter tips using high-energy ions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Musket, Ronald G. (Danville, CA)

    1999-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for sharpening arrays of field emitter tips of field emission cathodes, such as found in field-emission, flat-panel video displays. The process uses sputtering by high-energy (more than 30 keV) ions incident along or near the longitudinal axis of the field emitter to sharpen the emitter with a taper from the tip or top of the emitter down to the shank of the emitter. The process is particularly applicable to sharpening tips of emitters having cylindrical or similar (e.g., pyramidal) symmetry. The process will sharpen tips down to radii of less than 12 nm with an included angle of about 20 degrees. Because the ions are incident along or near the longitudinal axis of each emitter, the tips of gated arrays can be sharpened by high-energy ion beams rastered over the arrays using standard ion implantation equipment. While the process is particularly applicable for sharpening of arrays of field emitters in field-emission flat-panel displays, it can be effectively utilized in the fabrication of other vacuum microelectronic devices that rely on field emission of electrons.

  7. Distributed Rendering for Multiview Parallax Displays Annen T.a, Matusik W.b, Pfister H.b, Seidel H-P.a, Zwicker M.c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, Henrik Wann

    use rotating surfaces, transparent cubes of light- absorbing material, or stacked LCDs to isotropically emit light at points in 3D. These displays are typically not able to provide opacity, making

  8. Cite as: Scott, S.D. & Carpendale, S. (2010). Theory of Tabletop Territoriality. In C. Mller-Tomfelde (ed.), Tabletops -Horizontal Interactive Displays, Springer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DiMarco, Chrysanne

    Cite as: Scott, S.D. & Carpendale, S. (2010). Theory of Tabletop Territoriality. In C. Müller-Tomfelde (ed.), Tabletops - Horizontal Interactive Displays, Springer (HCI Stacey D. Scott and Sheelagh Carpendale Abstract This chapter discusses empirical

  9. Organic Solar Cells with Graded Exciton-dissociation Interfaces.................................................................................................................EN.1 Luminescent Solar Concentrators for Energy-harvesting in Displays ........

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, Rafael

    Energy Organic Solar Cells with Graded Exciton-dissociation Interfaces.................................................................................................................EN.1 Luminescent Solar Concentrators for Energy-harvesting in Displays ...................................................................................EN.3 Nano-engineered Organic Solar-energy-harvesting System

  10. Efficient Graph Based Assembly of Short-Read Sequences on Hybrid Core Architecture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sczyrba, Alex; Pratap, Abhishek; Canon, Shane; Han, James; Copeland, Alex; Wang, Zhong; Brewer, Tony; Soper, David; D'Jamoos, Mike; Collins, Kirby; Vacek, George

    2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Advanced architectures can deliver dramatically increased throughput for genomics and proteomics applications, reducing time-to-completion in some cases from days to minutes. One such architecture, hybrid-core computing, marries a traditional x86 environment with a reconfigurable coprocessor, based on field programmable gate array (FPGA) technology. In addition to higher throughput, increased performance can fundamentally improve research quality by allowing more accurate, previously impractical approaches. We will discuss the approach used by Convey?s de Bruijn graph constructor for short-read, de-novo assembly. Bioinformatics applications that have random access patterns to large memory spaces, such as graph-based algorithms, experience memory performance limitations on cache-based x86 servers. Convey?s highly parallel memory subsystem allows application-specific logic to simultaneously access 8192 individual words in memory, significantly increasing effective memory bandwidth over cache-based memory systems. Many algorithms, such as Velvet and other de Bruijn graph based, short-read, de-novo assemblers, can greatly benefit from this type of memory architecture. Furthermore, small data type operations (four nucleotides can be represented in two bits) make more efficient use of logic gates than the data types dictated by conventional programming models.JGI is comparing the performance of Convey?s graph constructor and Velvet on both synthetic and real data. We will present preliminary results on memory usage and run time metrics for various data sets with different sizes, from small microbial and fungal genomes to very large cow rumen metagenome. For genomes with references we will also present assembly quality comparisons between the two assemblers.

  11. Identification and codon reading properties of 5-cyanomethyl uridine, a new modified nucleoside found in the anticodon wobble position of mutant haloarchaeal isoleucine tRNAs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mandal, Debabrata

    Most archaea and bacteria use a modified C in the anticodon wobble position of isoleucine tRNA to base pair with A but not with G of the mRNA. This allows the tRNA to read the isoleucine codon AUA without also reading the ...

  12. C. Engelmann -University of Reading and Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Availability for Ultra-scale Scientific High-End Computing 1/48

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engelmann, Christian

    June, 2006 C. Engelmann - University of Reading and Oak Ridge National Laboratory High AvailabilityAH, UK 2 Computer Science and Mathematics Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA #12;June, 2006 C. Engelmann - University of Reading and Oak Ridge National Laboratory High

  13. Analysis of the principal's perceptions of the implementation and impact of the accelerated reader and other selected reading strategies used by Texas gold performance elementary schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elmore, Olivia Carol

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    ) to identify the principal??s perception of the levels of implementation and impact of selected reading strategies used by selected elementary schools in Texas to improve student success in reading and (2) to determine the principal??s perception of the extent...

  14. ServicePac Maintenance Service Agreement NOTICE: PLEASE CAREFULLY READ THE FOLLOWING TERMS UNDER WHICH IBM WILL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , engineering change activity, preventive maintenance, microcode/firmware activity, or features and partsServicePac ServicePac Maintenance Service Agreement NOTICE: PLEASE CAREFULLY READ THE FOLLOWING TERMS UNDER WHICH IBM WILL PROVIDE SERVICEPAC MAINTENANCE SERVICE TO YOU. IBM WILL PROVIDE THIS SERVICE

  15. Acknowledgments The National Reading Panel wishes to express its gratitude to the following individuals for their contributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rau, Don C.

    .D. Linnea Ehri, Ph.D. Gwenette Ferguson, M.Ed. Norma Garza, C.P.A. Michael L. Kamil, Ph.D. Cora Bagley.D. Joanna Williams, Ph.D. Dale Willows, Ph.D. Joanne Yatvin, Ph.D. MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL READING PANEL Comprehension Michael L. Kamil, Chair Gwenette Ferguson Norma Garza Thomas Trabasso JoannaWilliams Fluency S

  16. Bilingual Poetry Reading by two renowned poets of the African Diaspora: Cuban Nancy Morejn and Brazilian Salgado Maranho

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noble, James S.

    Bilingual Poetry Reading by two renowned poets of the African Diaspora: Cuban Nancy Morejón and Brazilian Salgado Maranhão Nancy Morejón is one of the most distinguished poets who emerged after the Cuban's leading contemporary poets. His collected poems, The Color of the Word, won Brazil's highest award

  17. A review of "New World, Known World: Shaping Knowledge in Early Anglo-American Writing." by David Read,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheick, William J.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    or patronizing. Thus I will end as I began: The major premise of Rebecca Totaro?s Suffering in Paradise: The Bubonic Plague in English Literature from More to Milton is intriguing. David Read. New World, Known World: Shaping Knowledge in Early Anglo...

  18. The coupling between eye movements and cognition varies with the task at hand. In tasks like reading, the eyes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Logan, Gordon D.

    The coupling between eye movements and cognition varies with the task at hand. In tasks like reading, the eyes are "the window to the soul," moving with each step of the underlying process, the coupling is looser. People tend to look at certain locations, but the sequence of eye movements

  19. A review of "To Repair the Ruins: Reading Milton" edited by Mary C. Fenton and Louis Schwartz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welch, Anthony

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that deserve the attention he gives them. Mary C. Fenton and Louis Schwartz, eds. To Repair the Ruins: Reading Milton. Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press, #18;#17;#16;#18;. xii + #1;#30; pp. + #18;#18; illus. $#14;#15;.#17;#17;. Review by #8...

  20. White Matter Pathways Related to Reading Robert F. Dougherty, Gayle K. Deutsch, Roland Bammer, Armin Schwartzman, Brian A. Wandell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dougherty, Bob

    White Matter Pathways Related to Reading Robert F. Dougherty, Gayle K. Deutsch, Roland Bammer) and children (Deutsch, in press) · Here we identify the major pathways involved in the FA results from Deutsch tensor imaging using single-shot sense-epi. MRM, 48: 128-36. · Deutsch et al. (in press). Correlations

  1. Residential Advisor Application 2014/15 Please read the job description and application process thoroughly, as your

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    Residential Advisor Application 2014/15 Please read the job description and application process the reasons why you want to become an RA and what skills you would bring to the Residential Advisor team. 2 preferred residential areas (e.g. York House, off Campus, East Slope) for your placement and your student

  2. User's guide to the TCSTKF software library: a graphics library for emulation of TEKTRONIX display images in. TKF disk files

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gray, W.H.; Burris, R.D.

    1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the user-level subroutines of the TCSTKF software library for the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Fusion Energy Division (FED) DECsystem-10. The TCSTKF graphics library was written and is maintained so that large-production computer programs can access a small, efficient graphics library and produce device-independent graphics files. This library is presented as an alternative to the larger graphics software libraries, such as DISSPLA. The main external difference between this software and the TCSTEK software library is that the TCSTKF software will created .TKF formatted intermediate plot data files, as well as producing display images on the screen of a Tektronix 4000 series storage tube terminal. These intermediate plot data files can be subsequently postprocessed into report-quality images on a variety of other graphics devices at ORNL.

  3. Histograms Scatterplots Displaying Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watkins, Joseph C.

    representing frequencies or percents by area. 3 / 16 #12;Histograms Scatterplots Histogams Interpret histogram in R is accomplished as follows. > age51,49,64,50,48,65,52,56,46,54,49,51,47,55, 55,54,42,51,56,55,51,54,51,60,61,43,55,56,61,52,69,64,46,54,47) > hist(age, main = c

  4. Heavy Ion Event Displays

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    simulated collisions of lead ions in the LHC experiments. Additional photos, video and information are available at these links: Lead-ion collision images from the ALICE...

  5. Prismatic optical display

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Veligdan, James T.; DeSanto, Leonard; Brewster, Calvin

    2004-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A spatially modulated light beam is projected, reflected, and redirected through a prismatic optical panel to form a video image for direct viewing thereon.

  6. ReportDisplay

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassive Solar HomePromisingStories » Removing nuclear waste,ReportReportReport on

  7. ARM - Outreach Displays

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation InInformation InExplosionAnnouncementsgovMeasurements Measurement CategoriesCenter

  8. Apparatus for reading two-dimensional electrophoretograms containing. beta. -ray-emitting labeled compounds

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, H.L.; Kinnison, W.W.; Lillberg, J.W.

    1985-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus and method for electronically reading planar two-dimensional ..beta..-ray emitter-labeled gel electrophoretograms. A single, flat rectangular multiwire proportional chamber is placed in close proximity to the gel and the assembly placed in an intense uniform magnetic field disposed in a perpendicular manner to the rectangular face of the proportional chamber. Beta rays emitted in the direction of the proportional chamber are caused to execute helical motions which substantially preserve knowledge the coordinates of their origin in the gel. Perpendicularly oriented, parallel wire, parallel plane cathodes electronically sense the location of the ..beta..-rays from ionization generated thereby in a detection gas coupled with an electron avalanche effect resulting from the action of a parallel wire anode located therebetween. A scintillator permits the present apparatus to be rendered insensitive when signals are generated from cosmic rays incident on the proportional chamber. Resolution for concentrations of radioactive compounds in the gel exceeds 700-..mu..m. The apparatus and method of the present invention represent a significant improvement over conventional autoradiographic techniques in dynamic range, linearity and sensitivity of data collection. A concentration and position map for gel electrophoretograms having significant concentrations of labeled compounds and/or highly radioactive labeling nuclides can generally be obtained in less than one hour.

  9. The Stability of Teacher Effects in Math and Reading Achievement over Time: A Study of One Midsize District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bessolo, Jennifer

    2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    to the Top is “a teacher whose students achieve acceptable rates (e.g., at least one grade level in an academic year) of student growth.” The question remains, however, from numerous researchers’ reviews, “whether a teacher who is effective or ineffective... are moving toward models of measuring teacher effectiveness through measurement of their students’ performance on standardized tests (i.e., test scores). This study examines the pragmatism of this practice and the stability of teacher math and reading...

  10. The Development of Listening and Reading Comprehension Screening Measures to Inform Instructional Decisions for End-of-Second-Grade Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carreker, Suzanne 1954-

    2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Approved by: Chair of Committee, R. Malatesha Joshi Committee Members, G. Reid Lyon Erin McTigue Dennie L. Smith Bruce Thompson Head of Department, Dennie L. Smith May 2011 Major Subject: Curriculum and Instruction iii ABSTRACT... The Development of Listening and Reading Comprehension Screening Measures to Inform Instructional Decisions for End-of-Second-Grade Students. (May 2011) Suzanne Huff Carreker, B.A., Hood College; M.S., Texas A&M University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. R...

  11. Reading achievement of English language learners in 50/50 and 90/10 two-way dual language programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Nano Kathleen

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    in a language other than English. For the present study, Spanish was the first language of instruction, with an increasing amount of instruction in English as the students progressed through fifth grade. Kindergarten and first grade instruction... in Texas, with approximately 20 students from each program. The students from each two-way dual language program had been in the program since kindergarten or first grade. In addition, my study only investigated the ELLs? Spanish and English reading...

  12. The effect of organic soil amendments and nitrogen rate on field establishment of rabbiteye blueberries (Vaccinium ashei Reade.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wellborn, Elizabeth Carol

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is usually a result of inadequate nitrogen (46). In the case of blueberries any increase in soil acidity is usually beneficial (2). Several studies have been conducted on the use of aged or composted sawdust as a soil amendment to compensate for the nitro...THE EFFECT OF ORGANIC SOIL AMENDMENTS AND NITROGEN RATE ON FIELD ESTABLISHMENT OF RABBITEYE BLUEBERRIES (VACCINIUM ASHEI READE. ) A Thesis by ELIZABETH CAROL WELLBORN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial...

  13. The effect of two deletion schemes upon the comprehension and reading rate of five levels of telegraphic prose

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pantalion, Charles Adrian

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    between the two deletion schemes that would involve a relative increase in comprehension, reading rate, and efficiency for the subject generated scheme with 1ncreasing percentages of deletion. (5) The index of agreement among subjects on the rank... Reduced Version of the Passage Based on 50% Deletion (S5) Randomly Reduced Version of the Passage Based on IOX Deletion (Rl) Randomly Reduced Version of the Passage Based on 20% Deletion (R2) Randomly Reduced Version of the Passage Based on 30K...

  14. GHCND (Global Historical Climatology Network)-Monthly Summaries NOTE: English units are displayed on pdf output format; Metric units on csv or txt output formats.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gousie, Michael B.

    GHCND (Global Historical Climatology Network)-Monthly Summaries NOTE: English units are displayed Climatology Network)-Monthly Summaries is a database that addresses the critical need for historical monthly meteorological/climatological measurement or statistical value such as temperature, precipitation (amount), etc

  15. Photo: D. Stevenson and C. Conway/Beckman Institute/University of Illinois An inorganic LED display printed on a flexible substrate bends without breaking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    by the Ford Motor Co., which envisions many possible automotive applications for thin, flexible lighting this atop a layer of aluminum arsenide which itself coated a gallium arsenide substrate. Using a combination, such displays would be almost completely transparent--and well suited for another automotive need: inexpensive

  16. The price fluctuations of the stock market display fascinating properties. The volatility is around one order of magnitude too large than what is predicted

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Abstract The price fluctuations of the stock market display fascinating properties. The volatility decisions. We also study the price formation and the microstructure of financial markets, at the level of the order book which organizes transactions. We explain why the price is diffusive despite the fact

  17. (a) (b) (c) (d) Fig. 1: Storyboarding and storytelling with the Sales dataset. (a) Original dimension network display laid out by data correlations, along with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mueller, Klaus

    The navigation of high-dimensional data spaces remains challeng- ing, making multivariate data exploration-Based Interface for the Exploration of High-Dimensional Data Spaces Zhiyuan Zhang 1 , Kevin T. McDonnell 2 analytics, parallel coordinates, multivariate data, correlation, network-based, linked displays Index Terms

  18. Plastic substrates for active matrix liquid crystal display incapable of withstanding processing temperature of over 200 C and method of fabrication

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carey, P.G.; Smith, P.M.; Havens, J.H.; Jones, P.

    1999-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Bright-polarizer-free, active-matrix liquid crystal displays (AMLCDs) are formed on plastic substrates. The primary components of the display are a pixel circuit fabricated on one plastic substrate, an intervening liquid-crystal material, and a counter electrode on a second plastic substrate. The-pixel circuit contains one or more thin-film transistors (TFTs) and either a transparent or reflective pixel electrode manufactured at sufficiently low temperatures to avoid damage to the plastic substrate. Fabrication of the TFTs can be carried out at temperatures less than 100 C. The liquid crystal material is a commercially made nematic curvilinear aligned phase (NCAP) film. The counter electrode is comprised of a plastic substrate coated with a transparent conductor, such as indium-doped tin oxide (ITO). By coupling the active matrix with NCAP, a high-information content can be provided in a bright, fully plastic package. Applications include any low cost portable electronics containing flat displays where ruggedization of the display is desired. 12 figs.

  19. Plastic substrates for active matrix liquid crystal display incapable of withstanding processing temperature of over 200.degree. C and method of fabrication

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carey, Paul G. (Mountain View, CA); Smith, Patrick M. (San Ramon, CA); Havens, John (San Diego, CA); Jones, Phil (Marlborough, GB)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bright-polarizer-free, active-matrix liquid crystal displays (AMLCDs) are formed on plastic substrates. The primary components of the display are a pixel circuit fabricated on one plastic substrate, an intervening liquid-crystal material, and a counter electrode on a second plastic substrate. The-pixel circuit contains one or more thin-film transistors (TFTs) and either a transparent or reflective pixel electrode manufactured at sufficiently low temperatures to avoid damage to the plastic substrate. Fabrication of the TFTs can be carried out at temperatures less than 100.degree. C. The liquid crystal material is a commercially made nematic curvilinear aligned phase (NCAP) film. The counter electrode is comprised of a plastic substrate coated with a transparent conductor, such as indium-doped tin oxide (ITO). By coupling the active matrix with NCAP, a high-information content can be provided in a bright, fully plastic package. Applications include any low cost portable electronics containing flat displays where ruggedization of the display is desired.

  20. Velocity profiles for direct drive experiments. Time has been shifted to better display results. Inset: a comparison of fracture signals in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    in aluminum alloys at short time scales (~10-8 s) · Compare tensile fracture characteristics of 6061-T6 and 1100-H14 Al alloys Conclusions · Tensile fracture was observed at short time scales (~10-8 s) in both display results. Laser-Shock Induced Tensile Fracture in Aluminum I: Free-Surface Measurements Institute

  1. MetaVelvet: An Extension of Velvet Assembler to de novo Metagenome Assembly from Short Sequence Reads (Metagenomics Informatics Challenges Workshop: 10K Genomes at a Time)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Sakakibara, Yasumbumi [Keio University

    2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Keio University's Yasumbumi Sakakibara on "MetaVelvet: An Extension of Velvet Assembler to de novo Metagenome Assembly from Short Sequence Reads" at the Metagenomics Informatics Challenges Workshop held at the DOE JGI on October 12-13, 2011.

  2. PI Research Organisation Project Title NE/J024678/1 Dr Christopher Davis University of Reading Driving space weather forecasts with real data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lead Grant Reference PI Research Organisation Project Title NE/J024678/1 Dr Christopher Davis Troposphere and the Routing of Aircraft (EXTRA)Professor Keith Shine University of Reading NE/J023760

  3. Amorphous-diamond electron emitter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Falabella, Steven (Livermore, CA)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An electron emitter comprising a textured silicon wafer overcoated with a thin (200 .ANG.) layer of nitrogen-doped, amorphous-diamond (a:D-N), which lowers the field below 20 volts/micrometer have been demonstrated using this emitter compared to uncoated or diamond coated emitters wherein the emission is at fields of nearly 60 volts/micrometer. The silicon/nitrogen-doped, amorphous-diamond (Si/a:D-N) emitter may be produced by overcoating a textured silicon wafer with amorphous-diamond (a:D) in a nitrogen atmosphere using a filtered cathodic-arc system. The enhanced performance of the Si/a:D-N emitter lowers the voltages required to the point where field-emission displays are practical. Thus, this emitter can be used, for example, in flat-panel emission displays (FEDs), and cold-cathode vacuum electronics.

  4. Leaching of indium from obsolete liquid crystal displays: Comparing grinding with electrical disintegration in context of LCA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dodbiba, Gjergj, E-mail: dodbiba@sys.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Department of System Innovation, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo (Japan); Nagai, Hiroki; Wang Lipang; Okaya, Katsunori; Fujita, Toyohisa [Department of System Innovation, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo (Japan)

    2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Two pre-treatment methods, prior to leaching of indium from obsolete LCD modules, were described. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Conventional grinding and electrical disintegration have been evaluated and compared in the context of LCA. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Experimental data on the leaching capacity for indium and the electricity consumption of equipment were inputted into the LCA model in order to compare the environmental performance of each method. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer An estimate for the environmental performance was calculated as the sum of six impact categories. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Electrical disintegration method outperforms conventional grinding in all impact categories. - Abstract: In order to develop an effective recycling system for obsolete Liquid Crystal Displays (LCDs), which would enable both the leaching of indium (In) and the recovery of a pure glass fraction for recycling, an effective liberation or size-reduction method would be an important pre-treatment step. Therefore, in this study, two different types of liberation methods: (1) conventional grinding, and (2) electrical disintegration have been tested and evaluated in the context of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). In other words, the above-mentioned methods were compared in order to find out the one that ensures the highest leaching capacity for indium, as well as the lowest environmental burden. One of the main findings of this study was that the electrical disintegration was the most effective liberation method, since it fully liberated the indium containing-layer, ensuring a leaching capacity of 968.5 mg-In/kg-LCD. In turn, the estimate for the environmental burden was approximately five times smaller when compared with the conventional grinding.

  5. Remote-Reading Safety and Safeguards Surveillance System for 3013 Containers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lechelt, W. M.; Skorpik, J. R.; Silvers, K. L.; Szempruch, R. W.; Douglas, D. G.; Fein, K. O.

    2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    At Hanford's Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP), plutonium oxide is being loaded into stainless steel containers for long-term storage on the Hanford Site. These containers consist of two weld-sealed stainless steel cylinders nested one within the other. A third container holds the plutonium within the inner cylinder. This design meets the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) storage standard, DOE-STD- 3013-2000, which anticipates a 50-year storage lifetime. The 3013 standard also requires a container surveillance program to continuously monitor pressure and to assure safeguards are adequate. However, the configuration of the container system makes using conventional measurement and monitoring methods difficult. To better meet the 3013 monitoring requirements, a team from Fluor Hanford (who manages the PFP), Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), and Vista Engineering Technologies, LLC, developed a safer, cost-efficient, remote PFP 3013 container surveillance system. This new surveillance system is a combination of two successfully deployed technologies: (1) a magnetically coupled pressure gauge developed by Vista Engineering and (2) a radio frequency (RF) tagging device developed by PNNL. This system provides continuous, 100% monitoring of critical parameters with the containers in place, as well as inventory controls. The 3013 container surveillance system consists of three main elements: (1) an internal magnetic pressure sensor package, (2) an instrument pod (external electronics package), and (3) a data acquisition storage and display computer. The surveillance system described in this paper has many benefits for PFP and DOE in terms of cost savings and reduced personnel exposure. In addition, continuous safety monitoring (i.e., internal container pressure and temperature) of every container is responsible nuclear material stewardship and fully meets and exceeds DOE's Integrated Surveillance Program requirements.

  6. Relevance of Upstream Open Reading Frames in eIF5 and Inositol-3-Phosphate Synthase Transcripts in Neurospora crassa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bennett, Christopher

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    understanding of the processes in common for all eukaryotic organisms. 4 CHAPTER II METHODS The sequences of the uORFs in question can be found on-line at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov at the 5? end of I3PS, numbered NCU06666, and eIF5, numbered NCU00366. pJW201...April 2011 Majors: Biology Genetics RELEVANCE OF UPSTREAM OPEN READING FRAMES IN eIF5 AND INOSITOL-3-PHOSPHATE SYNTHASE TRANSCRIPTS IN NEUROSPORA CRASSA Submitted to the Office of Undergraduate Research Texas A&M University...

  7. Exploring the Additive Benefit of Parental Nurturance Training on Parent and Child Shared Reading Outcomes: A Pilot Intervention Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terry, Megan

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    , Anita McCormick Jorge Gonzalez Erin McTigue Head of Department, Victor Willson August 2011 Major Subject: School Psychology iii ABSTRACT Exploring the Additive Benefit of Parental Nurturance Training on Parent and Child Shared Reading... and skills. A special thank you goes out to each one of my committee members: Anita McCormick, Jorge Gonzalez, and Erin McTigue. I was blessed to have a team of scholars whose knowledge and passions were so nicely aligned to this project. I am thankful...

  8. A Polysilicon Active Matrix Organic Light Emitting Diode Display with Integrated Drivers R.M.A. Dawson, Z. Shen, D.A. Furst, S. Connor, J. Hsu, M.G. Kane, R.G. Stewart, A. Ipri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Polysilicon Active Matrix Organic Light Emitting Diode Display with Integrated Drivers R.S.A. Abstract The design of an active matrix organic light emitting diode (AMOLED) display using a polysilicon. Introduction Organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) are presently of great interest due to their potential

  9. Whether you've been selling at a farmers' market for several years or you're in your first season, you want to make sure you have an eye-catching display that will attract customers.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pohl, Karsten

    of produce or a single niche product. · Display all produce and farm products at least six inches off. When preparing for market day, consider bringing the following: · Crushed ice or a spray water bottle produce and products from the elements. · Portable displays such as tables, sawhorses, wooden boards

  10. Concentrated Thermoelectric Power

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and 24-hour operation. PROJECT DESCRIPTION The research team previously demonstrated flat-panel solar thermoelectric generators (STEGs) that produce electricity by harnessing the...

  11. INNOVATION MARKETPLACE A QUARTERLY UPDATE OF AVAILABLE TECHNOLOGIES...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    interconnected to tailor voltage and current output to meet system requirements. The flat panel profile with micro-optical focusing further simplifies sun tracking, reducing both...

  12. Walk-through survey report: Control technology for metal reclamation industries at Exide/General Battery Corporation, Reading, Pennsylvania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hall, R.M.

    1994-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A walk through survey was made at Exide/General Battery Corporation, Reading, Pennsylvania to identify and evaluate control methods to reduce lead exposure. About 20,000 to 25,000 batteries a day were recycled, primarily automobile batteries. Lead and plastic from the batteries were reclaimed. The company used local exhaust ventilation, enclosed ventilated booths, partial enclosures, and automated operations throughout production areas of the site. Various occupational safety and health programs were in place including occupational and safety training, a respiratory protection program, various hygiene programs, and blood lead monitoring programs. These findings will be compared with those from other sites and the facility with the lowest lead exposure levels will be examined carefully so that others may be brought in line with the best of standards.

  13. DNA and RNA sequencing by nanoscale reading through programmable electrophoresis and nanoelectrode-gated tunneling and dielectric detection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, James W.; Thundat, Thomas G.

    2005-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus and method for performing nucleic acid (DNA and/or RNA) sequencing on a single molecule. The genetic sequence information is obtained by probing through a DNA or RNA molecule base by base at nanometer scale as though looking through a strip of movie film. This DNA sequencing nanotechnology has the theoretical capability of performing DNA sequencing at a maximal rate of about 1,000,000 bases per second. This enhanced performance is made possible by a series of innovations including: novel applications of a fine-tuned nanometer gap for passage of a single DNA or RNA molecule; thin layer microfluidics for sample loading and delivery; and programmable electric fields for precise control of DNA or RNA movement. Detection methods include nanoelectrode-gated tunneling current measurements, dielectric molecular characterization, and atomic force microscopy/electrostatic force microscopy (AFM/EFM) probing for nanoscale reading of the nucleic acid sequences.

  14. Ion sources for ion implantation technology (invited)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sakai, Shigeki, E-mail: sakai-shigeki@nissin.co.jp; Hamamoto, Nariaki; Inouchi, Yutaka; Umisedo, Sei; Miyamoto, Naoki [Nissin Ion Equipment co., ltd, 575 Kuze-Tonoshiro-cho Minami-ku, Kyoto 601-8205 (Japan)] [Nissin Ion Equipment co., ltd, 575 Kuze-Tonoshiro-cho Minami-ku, Kyoto 601-8205 (Japan)

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Ion sources for ion implantation are introduced. The technique is applied not only to large scale integration (LSI) devices but also to flat panel display. For LSI fabrication, ion source scheduled maintenance cycle is most important. For CMOS image sensor devices, metal contamination at implanted wafer is most important. On the other hand, to fabricate miniaturized devices, cluster ion implantation has been proposed to make shallow PN junction. While for power devices such as silicon carbide, aluminum ion is required. For doping processes of LCD fabrication, a large ion source is required. The extraction area is about 150 cm × 10 cm, and the beam uniformity is important as well as the total target beam current.

  15. Method for formation of thin film transistors on plastic substrates

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carey, Paul G. (Mountain View, CA); Smith, Patrick M. (San Ramon, CA); Sigmon, Thomas W. (Portola Valley, CA); Aceves, Randy C. (Livermore, CA)

    1998-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for formation of thin film transistors (TFTs) on plastic substrates replaces standard thin film transistor fabrication techniques, and uses sufficiently lower processing temperatures so that inexpensive plastic substrates may be used in place of standard glass, quartz, and silicon wafer-based substrates. The process relies on techniques for depositing semiconductors, dielectrics, and metals at low temperatures; crystallizing and doping semiconductor layers in the TFT with a pulsed energy source; and creating top-gate self-aligned as well as back-gate TFT structures. The process enables the fabrication of amorphous and polycrystalline channel silicon TFTs at temperatures sufficiently low to prevent damage to plastic substrates. The process has use in large area low cost electronics, such as flat panel displays and portable electronics.

  16. Method for formation of thin film transistors on plastic substrates

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carey, P.G.; Smith, P.M.; Sigmon, T.W.; Aceves, R.C.

    1998-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for formation of thin film transistors (TFTs) on plastic substrates replaces standard thin film transistor fabrication techniques, and uses sufficiently lower processing temperatures so that inexpensive plastic substrates may be used in place of standard glass, quartz, and silicon wafer-based substrates. The process relies on techniques for depositing semiconductors, dielectrics, and metals at low temperatures; crystallizing and doping semiconductor layers in the TFT with a pulsed energy source; and creating top-gate self-aligned as well as back-gate TFT structures. The process enables the fabrication of amorphous and polycrystalline channel silicon TFTs at temperatures sufficiently low to prevent damage to plastic substrates. The process has use in large area low cost electronics, such as flat panel displays and portable electronics. 5 figs.

  17. Semiconductor Nanocrystals-Based White Light Emitting Diodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dai, Quanqin [ORNL; Hu, Michael Z. [ORNL; Duty, Chad E [ORNL

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In response to the demands for energy and the concerns of global warming and climate change, energy efficient and environmentally friendly solid state lighting, such as white light emitting diodes (WLEDs), is considered to be the most promising and suitable light source. Because of their small size, high efficiency, and long lifetime, WLEDs based on colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals (or quantum dots) are emerging as a completely new technology platform for the development of flat-panel displays and solid state lighting, exhibiting the potential to replace the conventionally used incandescent and fluorescent lamps. This replacement could cut the ever-increasing energy consumption, solve the problem of rapidly depleting fossil fuel reserves, and improve the quality of the global environment. In this review, we highlight the recent progress in semiconductor nanocrystals-based WLEDs, compare different approaches for generating white light, and discuss the benefits and challenges of the solid state lighting technology.

  18. Semiconductor-Nanocrystals-Based White Light-Emitting Diodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dai, Quanqin [ORNL; Duty, Chad E [ORNL; Hu, Michael Z. [ORNL

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In response to the demands for energy and the concerns of global warming and climate change, energy efficient and environmentally friendly solid-state lighting, such as white lightemitting diodes (WLEDs), is considered to be the most promising and suitable light source. Because of their small size, high efficiency, and long lifetime, WLEDs based on colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals (or quantum dots) are emerging as a completely new technology platform for the development of flat-panel displays and solid-state lighting, exhibiting the potential to replace the conventionally used incandescent and fluorescent lamps. This replacement can cut the ever-increasing level of energy consumption, solve the problem of rapidly depleting fossil fuel reserves, and improve the quality of the global environment. In this review, the recent progress in semiconductor-nanocrystals-based WLEDs is highlighted, the different approaches for generating white light are compared, and the benefits and challenges of the solid-state lighting technology are discussed.

  19. Low work function, stable thin films

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dinh, Long N. (Concord, CA); McLean, II, William (Oakland, CA); Balooch, Mehdi (Berkeley, CA); Fehring, Jr., Edward J. (Dublin, CA); Schildbach, Marcus A. (Livermore, CA)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Generation of low work function, stable compound thin films by laser ablation. Compound thin films with low work function can be synthesized by simultaneously laser ablating silicon, for example, and thermal evaporating an alkali metal into an oxygen environment. For example, the compound thin film may be composed of Si/Cs/O. The work functions of the thin films can be varied by changing the silicon/alkali metal/oxygen ratio. Low work functions of the compound thin films deposited on silicon substrates were confirmed by ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS). The compound thin films are stable up to 500.degree. C. as measured by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Tests have established that for certain chemical compositions and annealing temperatures of the compound thin films, negative electron affinity (NEA) was detected. The low work function, stable compound thin films can be utilized in solar cells, field emission flat panel displays, electron guns, and cold cathode electron guns.

  20. Generation of low work function, stable compound thin films by laser ablation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dinh, Long N. (Concord, CA); McLean, II, William (Oakland, CA); Balooch, Mehdi (Berkeley, CA); Fehring, Jr., Edward J. (Dublin, CA); Schildbach, Marcus A. (Livermore, CA)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Generation of low work function, stable compound thin films by laser ablation. Compound thin films with low work function can be synthesized by simultaneously laser ablating silicon, for example, and thermal evaporating an alkali metal into an oxygen environment. For example, the compound thin film may be composed of Si/Cs/O. The work functions of the thin films can be varied by changing the silicon/alkali metal/oxygen ratio. Low work functions of the compound thin films deposited on silicon substrates were confirmed by ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS). The compound thin films are stable up to 500.degree. C. as measured by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Tests have established that for certain chemical compositions and annealing temperatures of the compound thin films, negative electron affinity (NEA) was detected. The low work function, stable compound thin films can be utilized in solar cells, field emission flat panel displays, electron guns, and cold cathode electron guns.