Sample records for flat-panel displays read

  1. Diffractive optics for compact flat panel displays. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sweeney, D.; DeLong, K.

    1997-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Three years ago LLNL developed a practical method to dramatically reduce the chromatic aberration in single element diffractive imaging lenses. High efficiency, achromatic imaging lenses have been fabricated for human vision correction. This LDRD supported research in applying our new methods to develop a unique, diffraction-based optical interface with solid state, microelectronic imaging devices. Advances in microelectronics have led to smaller, more efficient components for optical systems. There have, however, been no equivalent advances in the imaging optics associated with these devices. The goal of this project was to replace the bulky, refractive optics in typical head-mounted displays with micro-thin diffractive optics to directly image flat-panel displays into the eye. To visualize the system think of the lenses of someone`s eyeglasses becoming flat-panel displays. To realize this embodiment, we needed to solve the problems of large chromatic aberrations and low efficiency that are associated with diffraction. We have developed a graceful tradeoff between chromatic aberrations and the diffractive optic thickness. It turns out that by doubling the thickness of a micro-thin diffractive lens we obtain nearly a two-times improvement in chromatic performance. Since the human eye will tolerate one diopter of chromatic aberration, we are able to achieve an achromatic image with a diffractive lens that is only 20 microns thick, versus 3 mm thickness for the comparable refractive lens. Molds for the diffractive lenses are diamond turned with sub-micron accuracy; the final lenses are cast from these molds using various polymers. We thus retain both the micro- thin nature of the diffractive optics and the achromatic image quality of refractive optics. During the first year of funding we successfully extended our earlier technology from 1 cm diameter optics required for vision applications up to the 5 cm diameter optics required for this application. 3 refs., 6 figs.

  2. Improving the diversity of manufacturing electroluminescent flat panel displays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moss, T.S.; Samuels, J.A.; Smith, D.C. [and others

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Crystalline calcium thiogallate with a cerium dopant has been deposited by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) at temperatures below 600{degrees}C on a low cost glass substrate. An EL luminance of 1.05 fL was observed 40 volts above threshold at 60 Hz. This is more than an order of magnitude improvement over earlier crystalline-as-deposited thiogallate materials. These results pave the way for the use of MOCVD as a potential method for processing full color thin-film electroluminescent (TFEL) flat panel displays. The formation of the CaGa{sub 2}S{sub 4}:Ce phosphor requires precise control over a number of deposition parameters including flow rates, substrate temperature, and reactor pressure. The influence of these parameters will be discussed in terms of structure, uniformity, and TFEL device performance.

  3. Flat panel display using Ti-Cr-Al-O thin film

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jankowski, Alan F. (Livermore, CA); Schmid, Anthony P. (Solan Beach, CA)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thin films of Ti--Cr--Al--O are used as a resistor material. The films are rf sputter deposited from ceramic targets using a reactive working gas mixture of Ar and O.sub.2. Resistivity values from 10.sup.4 to 10.sup.10 Ohm-cm have been measured for Ti--Cr--Al--O film <1 .mu.m thick. The film resistivity can be discretely selected through control of the target composition and the deposition parameters. The application of Ti--Cr--Al--O as a thin film resistor has been found to be thermodynamically stable, unlike other metal-oxide films. The Ti--Cr--Al--O film can be used as a vertical or lateral resistor, for example, as a layer beneath a field emission cathode in a flat panel display; or used to control surface emissivity, for example, as a coating on an insulating material such as vertical wall supports in flat panel displays.

  4. Process design and emission properties of gated n polycrystalline silicon field emitter arrays for flat-panel display applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jong Duk

    poly-Si field emitter technology on an insulating substrate such as a glass panel, because each cathode for flat-panel display applications Hyung Soo Uh Inter-University Semiconductor Research Center and School of 1.2 m under the vacuum pressure of 3 10 9 Torr. The same anode current was obtained at 80 V from c

  5. Multi-cusp ion source for doping process of flat panel display manufacturing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Inouchi, Yutaka, E-mail: inouchi-yutaka@nissin.co.jp; Matsumoto, Takeshi; Dohi, Shojiro; Tanii, Masahiro; Takahashi, Genki; Nishimura, Ippei; Tatemichi, Junichi; Konishi, Masashi; Naito, Masao [FPD Machine Business Center, Nissin Ion Equipment Co., Ltd., Shiga 528-0068 (Japan)] [FPD Machine Business Center, Nissin Ion Equipment Co., Ltd., Shiga 528-0068 (Japan)

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We developed a multi-cusp ion source for Nissin ion doping system iG5 which is used in low temperature poly-crystalline silicon processes for flat panel display (FPD) manufacturing. In this ion source, BF{sub 3} or PH{sub 3} diluted H{sub 2} plasmas are produced and large area ribbon ion beams are extracted. In general, ion ratio of B{sup +} in BF{sub 3} plasma is much smaller than BF{sub 2}{sup +} in multi-cusp ion sources. We developed a new method to increase B{sup +} ratio and obtained mass analyzed B{sup +} target current of 130 mA. We employed newly improved multi-slot type electrodes for the beam extraction system and obtained stable beams with the uniformity of below 3%. In BF{sub 3} plasmas, several undesirable metal fluorides are produced in the plasma chamber and deposited on the electrode system, which cause glitches and poor beam uniformity. We introduce several cleaning methods.

  6. Amorphous Diamond Flat Panel Displays - Final Report of ER-LTR CRADA project with SI Diamond Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ager III, Joel W.

    1998-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project was to determine why diamond-based films are unusually efficient electron emitters (field emission cathodes) at room temperature. Efficient cathodes based on diamond are being developed by SI Diamond Technology (SIDT) as components for bright, sunlight-readable, flat panel displays. When the project started, it was known that only a small fraction (<1%) of the cathode area is active in electron emission and that the emission sites themselves are sub-micron in size. The critical challenge of this project was to develop new microcharacterization methods capable of examining known emission sites. The research team used a combination of cathode emission imaging (developed at SIDT), micro-Raman spectroscopy (LBNL), and electron microscopy and spectroscopy (National Center for Electron Microscopy, LBNL) to examine the properties of known emission sites. The most significant accomplishment of the project was the development at LBNL of a very high resolution scanning probe that, for the first time, measured simultaneously the topography and electrical characteristics of single emission sites. The increased understanding of the emission mechanism helped SIDT to develop a new cathode material,''nano-diamond,'' which they have incorporated into their Field Emission Picture Element (FEPix) product. SIDT is developing large-format flat panel displays based on these picture elements that will be brighter and more efficient than existing outdoor displays such as Jumbotrons. The energy saving that will be realized if field emission displays are introduced commercially is in line with the energy conservation mission of DOE. The unique characterization tools developed in this project (particularly the new scanning microscopy method) are being used in ongoing BES-funded basic research.

  7. The ImmersaDesk3 -Experiences With A Flat Panel Display for Virtual Reality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Andrew

    crystal, #12;ferro-electric liquid crystal, plasma panel, and light emitting diode displays. In our, they are presently only available in developer kits. Light Emitting Diode displays are bright and potentially

  8. Luminescent studies of fluorescent chromophore-doped silica aerogels for flat panel display applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glauser, S.A.C. [California Univ., Davis, CA (United States). Dept. of Applied Science; Lee, H.W.H. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The remarkable optical and electronic properties of doped and undoped silica aerogels establish their utility as unique, mulitfunctional host materials for fluorescent dyes and other luminescent materials for display and imaging applications. We present results on the photoluminescence, absorption, and photoluminescence excitation spectra of undoped silica aerogels and aerogels doped with Er{sup 3+}, rhodamine 6G (R6G), and fluorescein. 4 refs., 12 figs.

  9. IBM's New Flat Panel Displays

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh School footballHydrogen andHypernuclei in Hall CInby J. Stöhr (SSRL),

  10. amorphous selenium flat-panel: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and organic Heikenfeld, Jason 12 Asymmetric electrical properties of fork a-Si:H thin-film transistor and its application to flat panel displays Mathematics Websites Summary:...

  11. amorphous silicon flat-panel: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5 Asymmetric Electrical Properties of Half Corbino Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Thin-Film Transistor and Its Applications to Flat Panel Displays Materials Science...

  12. A comparison of workstation dimensions and body postures between 17" CRT, 21" CRT, and 19" flat panel monitors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walline, Erin Kurusz

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Use of visual display terminals has been implicated as a risk factor in visual discomfort. With the progression of new technology, larger CRT monitors and alternate display technologies, such as flat panels, are entering the office environment. Few...

  13. Assessment of the impact of large CRTs and flat panel monitors on productivity and quality in an insurance company 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Michael Federico

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This field study evaluates the impact of replacing existing 17-inch Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) monitors with 19 and 21-inch CRT monitors and 18.1-inch Flat Panel Displays (FPDs) on matrices of productivity, visual comfort, and ...

  14. Electromagnetic Eavesdropping Risks of Flat-Panel Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhn, Markus

    such compromising em- anations with directional antennas and wideband receivers. Periodic av- eraging can lift be reconstructed at a distance using a TV set whose sync pulse generators are replaced with manually controlled

  15. A microprocessor driven liquid crystal graphics display for aircraft use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marzke, Lee Howard

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A complete graphics system for use in modular avionics is built around a liquid crystal flat panel display. Screen refresh is handled by display controller that provides a bit mapped representation of the display in RAM. ...

  16. Precise Application of Transparent Conductive Oxide Coatings for Flat Panel

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible forPortsmouth/Paducah ProjectPRE-AWARD ACCOUNTING SYSTEM SURVEY Applicant:InsideDisplays

  17. System design and implementation for the glass panel alignment and sealing tool for flat panel displays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordan, J.D.; Stromberg, P.G.; Kuszmaul, S.S.

    1996-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the system designed and fabricated for the National Center for Advanced Information Component Manufacturing (NCAICM) project number 9322-135. The system is a device capable of simultaneously aligning two glass plates and sealing them together with glass frit. The process development was divided into two phases. The first was thermal sealing in an ambient environment. The second was sealing a controlled environment in a vacuum.

  18. Comparing performance of keyboarding/mousing tasks using notebook computer flat panel displays vs. CRT monitors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ventrca, Rachel Lynn

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sitting Popliteal Height Thigh Clearance Height Elbow-Fingertip Distance Buttock-Knee Distance Buttock-Popliteal Distance Hand Length Hand Breath OLDER 73 65 + 21. 5 167. 96 + 13. 8 156. 45 + 13. 7 138. 99 + 13. 0 106. 33 + 10. 2 74. 66 + 6 6... entry task ranged between 99. 8 and 107. 8 degrees (Figure 13). The mean elbow angle for Treatment 6 was greater than that of Treatments 2 and 3 by at least 5. 0 degrees. The mean elbow angle for Treatment 4 was greater than that of Treatment 3...

  19. Hysterosalpingography using a flat panel unit: Evaluation and optimization of ovarian radiation dose

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Messaris, Gerasimos A. T.; Abatzis, Ilias; Kagadis, George C.; Samartzis, Alexandros P.; Athanasopoulou, Panagiota; Christeas, Nikolaos; Katsanos, Konstantinos; Karnabatidis, Dimitrios; Nikiforidis, George C. [Department of Medical Physics, University Hospital of Patras, GR 265 04 Rion (Greece); Department of Medical Physics, School of Medicine, University of Patras, GR 265 04 Rion (Greece); Department of Medical Physics, University Hospital of Patras, GR 265 04 Rion, Greece and Department of Medical Physics, School of Medicine, University of Patras, GR 265 04 Rion (Greece); Department of Medical Physics, 'EVANGELISMOS' General Hospital, 45-47 Ypsilantou Street, GR 106 76 Athens (Greece); Philips Hellas, 44 Kifisias Avenue, GR 151 25 Marousi (Greece); Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, University of Patras, GR 265 04 Rion (Greece); Department of Medical Physics, University Hospital of Patras, GR 265 04 Rion, Greece and Department of Medical Physics, School of Medicine, University of Patras, GR 265 04 Rion (Greece)

    2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: The aim of the present study was the evaluation and optimization of radiation dose to the ovaries (D) in hysterosalpingography (HSG). Methods: The study included a phantom study and a clinical one. In the phantom study, we evaluated imaging results for different geometrical setups and irradiation conditions. In the clinical study, 34 women were assigned into three different fluoroscopy modes and D was estimated with direct cervical TLD measurements. Results: In the phantom study, we used a source-to-image-distance (SID) of 110 cm and a field diagonal of 48 cm, and thus decreased air KERMA rate (KR) by 19% and 70%, respectively, for beam filtration: 4 mm Al and 0.9 mm Cu (Low dose). The least radiation exposure was accomplished by using the 3.75 pps fluoroscopy mode in conjunction with beam filtration: Low dose. In the clinical study, D normalized to 50 s of fluoroscopy time with a 3.75 pps fluoroscopy mode reached a value of 0.45 {+-} 0.04 mGy. Observers' evaluation of diagnostic image quality did not significantly differ for the three different modes of acquisition that were compared. Conclusions: Digital spot radiographs could be omitted in modern flat panel systems during HSG. Fluoroscopy image acquisitions in a modern flat panel unit at 3.75 pps and a beam filtration of 4 mm Al and 0.9 mm Cu demonstrate acceptable image quality with an average D equal to 0.45 mGy. This value is lower compared to the studied literature. For these reasons, the proposed method may be recommended for routine HSG examination in order to limit radiation exposure to the ovaries.

  20. Evaluation of the potential utility of flat panel CT for quantifying relative contrast enhancement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, A. Kyle; Mahvash, Armeen [Department of Imaging Physics, Division of Diagnostic Imaging, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Department of Interventional Radiology, Division of Diagnostic Imaging, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States)

    2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Certain directed oncologic therapies seek to take advantage of the fact that tumors are typically more susceptible to directed therapeutic agents than normal tissue owing to their extensive networks of poorly formed, leaky vasculature. If differences between the vascularity of normal and tumor tissues could be quantified, patients could be selected for or excluded from directed treatments on the basis of this difference. However, angiographic imaging techniques such as digital subtraction angiography (DSA) yield two-dimensional data that may be inadequate for this task. As a first step, the authors evaluated the feasibility of using a commercial implementation of flat panel computed tomography (FPCT) to quantify differences in enhancement of a simulated tumor compared with normal tissue based on differences in CT number measured in precontrast and postcontrast scans. Methods: To evaluate the FPCT scanner studied, the authors scanned several phantoms containing simulated normal and tumor tissues. In the first experiment, the authors used an anthropomorphic phantom containing inclusions representing normal, tumor, and bone tissue to evaluate the constancy of CT numbers in scans repeated at clinically relevant intervals of 1 and 3 min. The authors then scanned gelatin phantoms containing dilutions of iodinated contrast to evaluate the accuracy of relative contrast enhancement measurements for a clinical FPCT system. Data were analyzed using widely available software. Results: CT numbers measured in identical locations were constant over both scan intervals evaluated. Measured relative contrast enhancement values were accurate compared with known relative contrast enhancement values. Care must be taken to avoid artifacts in reconstructed images when placing regions of interest. Conclusions: Despite its limitations, FPCT in the interventional laboratory can be used to quantify relative contrast enhancement in phantoms. This is accomplished by measuring CT number in simulated tumor and normal tissue on precontrast and postcontrast scans. This information opens the door for refinement of technique in an effort to use such a technique to plan directed therapies.

  1. JOURNAL OF DISPLAY TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 9, NO. 5, MAY 2013 317 FDTD Analysis on Extraction Efficiency of GaN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, James F.

    state lighting [1]­[8], thermoelectrics [9], [10], diode lasers [11], [12], and solar cells [13]. Among for a variety of applications in flat-panel displays, mobile elec- tronics, automobiles, traffic signals, large

  2. A nonlinear lag correction algorithm for a-Si flat-panel x-ray detectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Starman, Jared; Star-Lack, Josh; Virshup, Gary; Shapiro, Edward; Fahrig, Rebecca [Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States) and Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, California 94304 (United States); Department of Radiology, Stanfod University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

    2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Detector lag, or residual signal, in a-Si flat-panel (FP) detectors can cause significant shading artifacts in cone-beam computed tomography reconstructions. To date, most correction models have assumed a linear, time-invariant (LTI) model and correct lag by deconvolution with an impulse response function (IRF). However, the lag correction is sensitive to both the exposure intensity and the technique used for determining the IRF. Even when the LTI correction that produces the minimum error is found, residual artifact remains. A new non-LTI method was developed to take into account the IRF measurement technique and exposure dependencies. Methods: First, a multiexponential (N = 4) LTI model was implemented for lag correction. Next, a non-LTI lag correction, known as the nonlinear consistent stored charge (NLCSC) method, was developed based on the LTI multiexponential method. It differs from other nonlinear lag correction algorithms in that it maintains a consistent estimate of the amount of charge stored in the FP and it does not require intimate knowledge of the semiconductor parameters specific to the FP. For the NLCSC method, all coefficients of the IRF are functions of exposure intensity. Another nonlinear lag correction method that only used an intensity weighting of the IRF was also compared. The correction algorithms were applied to step-response projection data and CT acquisitions of a large pelvic phantom and an acrylic head phantom. The authors collected rising and falling edge step-response data on a Varian 4030CB a-Si FP detector operating in dynamic gain mode at 15 fps at nine incident exposures (2.0%-92% of the detector saturation exposure). For projection data, 1st and 50th frame lag were measured before and after correction. For the CT reconstructions, five pairs of ROIs were defined and the maximum and mean signal differences within a pair were calculated for the different exposures and step-response edge techniques. Results: The LTI corrections left residual 1st and 50th frame lag up to 1.4% and 0.48%, while the NLCSC lag correction reduced 1st and 50th frame residual lags to less than 0.29% and 0.0052%. For CT reconstructions, the NLCSC lag correction gave an average error of 11 HU for the pelvic phantom and 3 HU for the head phantom, compared to 14-19 HU and 2-11 HU for the LTI corrections and 15 HU and 9 HU for the intensity weighted non-LTI algorithm. The maximum ROI error was always smallest for the NLCSC correction. The NLCSC correction was also superior to the intensity weighting algorithm. Conclusions: The NLCSC lag algorithm corrected for the exposure dependence of lag, provided superior image improvement for the pelvic phantom reconstruction, and gave similar results to the best case LTI results for the head phantom. The blurred ring artifact that is left over in the LTI corrections was better removed by the NLCSC correction in all cases.

  3. Patterning of indium tin oxide by projection photoablation and lift-off process for fabrication of flat-panel displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Kanti

    Patterning of indium tin oxide by projection photoablation and lift-off process for fabrication online 25 June 2007 Indium tin oxide ITO , an important material used as a transparent conductive oxide in such fabrication. Therefore, innovations in patterning tech- nology, especially for materials such as indium tin

  4. Amorphous Diamond Flat Panel Displays - Final Report of ER-LTR CRADA project with SI Diamond Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ager III, Joel W.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Department of Energy under a CRADA (Cooperative Research andnm in size. Page 4 of 7 SIDT CRADA Final Report In order toFinal report of ER-LTR CRADA Project Lawrence Berkeley

  5. active matrix flat-panel: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of semiconductor superlattice Petta, Jason 24 Transparent Active Matrix Organic Light-Emitting Diode Displays Driven by Chemistry Websites Summary: and portable electronics. In...

  6. Cone-Beam CT with Flat-Panel-Detector Digital Angiography System: Early Experience in Abdominal Interventional Procedures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirota, Shozo, E-mail: hirota-s@hyo-med.ac.jp; Nakao, Norio; Yamamoto, Satoshi; Kobayashi, Kaoru; Maeda, Hiroaki; Ishikura, Reiichi; Miura, Koui; Sakamoto, Kiyoshi [Hyogo College of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Japan); Ueda, Ken [Hitachi Medical Corporation, Research and Development Center (Japan); Baba, Rika [Hitachi Limited, Central Research Laboratory (Japan)

    2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We developed a cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) system equipped with a large flat-panel detector. Data obtained by 200{sup o} rotation imaging are reconstructed by means of CBCT to generate three-dimensional images. We report the use of CBCT angiography using CBCT in 10 patients with 8 liver malignancies and 2 hypersplenisms during abdominal interventional procedures. CBCT was very useful for interventional radiologists to confirm a perfusion area of the artery catheter wedged on CT by injection of contrast media through the catheter tip, although the image quality was slightly degraded, scoring as 2.60 on average by streak artifacts. CBCT is space-saving because it does not require a CT system with a gantry, and it is also time-saving because it does not require the transfer of patients.

  7. Micro-valve pump light valve display

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yeechun Lee.

    1993-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A flat panel display incorporates a plurality of micro-pump light valves (MLV's) to form pixels for recreating an image. Each MLV consists of a dielectric drop sandwiched between substrates, at least one of which is transparent, a holding electrode for maintaining the drop outside a viewing area, and a switching electrode from accelerating the drop from a location within the holding electrode to a location within the viewing area. The sustrates may further define non-wetting surface areas to create potential energy barriers to assist in controlling movement of the drop. The forces acting on the drop are quadratic in nature to provide a nonlinear response for increased image contrast. A crossed electrode structure can be used to activate the pixels whereby a large flat panel display is formed without active driver components at each pixel.

  8. TacRead, or Tactile Readout Device, is a novel and affordable refreshable braille display. People with blindness perceive braille alphabets formed by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Subhashis

    Read. It has been identified as a potential solution to the low-cost Braille display challenge modules have been developed, prototyped and tested. Efforts for fabrication of displays for large not only motivated and driven the process, but kept it pointed towards the right direction as well. About

  9. Journal of Information Display, vol. 5, no. 4, 2004 2004 KIDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jong Duk

    and low power consumption and expected to be a good candidate for large- size flat panel display these, CNT has unique characteristics such as a high aspect ratio, a small radius, and a high electrical Government and, in part by KRRC 2004 program. * Members, KIDS Corresponding Author : Sang Jik Kwon a

  10. Does Preinterventional Flat-Panel Computer Tomography Pooled Blood Volume Mapping Predict Final Infarct Volume After Mechanical Thrombectomy in Acute Cerebral Artery Occlusion?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wagner, Marlies, E-mail: marlies.wagner@kgu.de [Hospital of Goethe University, Institute of Neuroradiology (Germany); Kyriakou, Yiannis, E-mail: yiannis.kyriakou@siemens.com [Siemens AG, Health Care Sector (Germany); Mesnil de Rochemont, Richard du, E-mail: mesnil@em.uni-frankfurt.de [Hospital of Goethe University, Institute of Neuroradiology (Germany); Singer, Oliver C., E-mail: o.singer@em.uni-frankfurt.de [Hospital of Goethe University, Department of Neurology (Germany); Berkefeld, Joachim, E-mail: berkefeld@em.uni-frankfurt.de [Hospital of Goethe University, Institute of Neuroradiology (Germany)

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PurposeDecreased cerebral blood volume is known to be a predictor for final infarct volume in acute cerebral artery occlusion. To evaluate the predictability of final infarct volume in patients with acute occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) or the distal internal carotid artery (ICA) and successful endovascular recanalization, pooled blood volume (PBV) was measured using flat-panel detector computed tomography (FPD CT).Materials and MethodsTwenty patients with acute unilateral occlusion of the MCA or distal ACI without demarcated infarction, as proven by CT at admission, and successful Thrombolysis in cerebral infarction score (TICI 2b or 3) endovascular thrombectomy were included. Cerebral PBV maps were acquired from each patient immediately before endovascular thrombectomy. Twenty-four hours after recanalization, each patient underwent multislice CT to visualize final infarct volume. Extent of the areas of decreased PBV was compared with the final infarct volume proven by follow-up CT the next day.ResultsIn 15 of 20 patients, areas of distinct PBV decrease corresponded to final infarct volume. In 5 patients, areas of decreased PBV overestimated final extension of ischemia probably due to inappropriate timing of data acquisition and misery perfusion.ConclusionPBV mapping using FPD CT is a promising tool to predict areas of irrecoverable brain parenchyma in acute thromboembolic stroke. Further validation is necessary before routine use for decision making for interventional thrombectomy.

  11. Native Defects in CdO and CdCuO Alloys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Speaks, Derrick Tyson

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    dollar  on  solar  cells  and  flat  panel  displays  for Given that solar cells and  flat panel displays are 

  12. Low Voltage, Low Power Organic Light Emitting Transistors for AMOLED Displays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCarthy, M. A. [University of Florida, Gainesville; Liu, B. [University of Florida, Gainesville; Donoghue, E. P. [University of Florida, Gainesville; Kravchenko, Ivan I [ORNL; Kim, D. Y. [University of Florida, Gainesville; Reynolds, J. R. [University of Florida, Gainesville; So, Franky [University of Florida, Gainesville; Rinzler, A. G. [University of Florida, Gainesville

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Low voltage, low power dissipation, high aperture ratio organic light emitting transistors are demonstrated. The high level of performance is enabled by a carbon nanotube source electrode that permits integration of the drive transistor and the organic light emitting diode into an efficient single stacked device. Given the demonstrated performance, this technology could break the technical logjam holding back widespread deployment of active matrix organic light emitting displays at flat panel screen sizes.

  13. Performance of a static-anode/flat-panel x-ray fluoroscopy system in a diagnostic strength magnetic field: A truly hybrid x-ray/MR imaging system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fahrig, R.; Wen, Z.; Ganguly, A.; DeCrescenzo, G.; Rowlands, J.A.; Stevens, G.M.; Saunders, R.F.; Pelc, N.J. [Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Department of Radiology and Department of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Sunnybrook and Women's Health Sciences Center and Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5 (Canada); GE Healthcare, Schenectady, Wisconsin (United States); Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

    2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Minimally invasive procedures are increasing in variety and frequency, facilitated by advances in imaging technology. Our hybrid imaging system (GE Apollo{sup TM} flat panel, custom Brand x-ray static anode x-ray tube, GE Lunar high-frequency power supply and 0.5 T Signa SP{sup TM}) provides both x-ray and MR imaging capability to guide complex procedures without requiring motion of the patient between two distant gantries. The performance of the x-ray tube in this closely integrated system was evaluated by modeling and measuring both the response of the filament to an externally applied field and the behavior of the electron beam for field strengths and geometries of interest. The performance of the detector was assessed by measuring the slanted-edge modulation transfer function (MTF) and when placed at zero field and at 0.5 T. Measured resonant frequencies of filaments can be approximated using a modified vibrating beam model, and were at frequencies well below the 25 kHz frequency of our generator for our filament geometry. The amplitude of vibration was not sufficient to cause shorting of the filament during operation within the magnetic field. A simple model of electrons in uniform electric and magnetic fields can be used to estimate the deflection of the electron beam on the anode for the fields of interest between 0.2 and 0.5 T. The MTF measured at the detector and the DQE showed no significant difference inside and outside of the magnetic field. With the proper modifications, an x-ray system can be fully integrated with a MR system, with minimal loss of image quality. Any x-ray tube can be assessed for compatibility when placed at a particular location within the field using the models. We have also concluded that a-Si electronics are robust against magnetic fields. Detailed knowledge of the x-ray system installation is required to provide estimates of system operation.

  14. Junction-based field emission structure for field emission display

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dinh, Long N. (Concord, CA); Balooch, Mehdi (Berkeley, CA); McLean, II, William (Oakland, CA); Schildbach, Marcus A. (Livermore, CA)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A junction-based field emission display, wherein the junctions are formed by depositing a semiconducting or dielectric, low work function, negative electron affinity (NEA) silicon-based compound film (SBCF) onto a metal or n-type semiconductor substrate. The SBCF can be doped to become a p-type semiconductor. A small forward bias voltage is applied across the junction so that electron transport is from the substrate into the SBCF region. Upon entering into this NEA region, many electrons are released into the vacuum level above the SBCF surface and accelerated toward a positively biased phosphor screen anode, hence lighting up the phosphor screen for display. To turn off, simply switch off the applied potential across the SBCF/substrate. May be used for field emission flat panel displays.

  15. Nanoscale Electrical Conductivity and Surface Spectroscopic Studies of Indium-Tin Oxide Yish-Hann Liau and Norbert F. Scherer*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scherer, Norbert F.

    such as flat panel displays, solar cells, and organic electroluminescence devices due to its unique combination

  16. A two-dimensional nanopatterned thin metallic transparent conductor with high transparency from the ultraviolet to the infrared

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demir, Hilmi Volkan

    optoelectronic devices, including solar cells, flat panel displays, and light emitting diodes (LEDs). Most

  17. Integrated display scanner

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Veligdan, James T.

    2004-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A display scanner includes an optical panel having a plurality of stacked optical waveguides. The waveguides define an inlet face at one end and a screen at an opposite end, with each waveguide having a core laminated between cladding. A projector projects a scan beam of light into the panel inlet face for transmission from the screen as a scan line to scan a barcode. A light sensor at the inlet face detects a return beam reflected from the barcode into the screen. A decoder decodes the return beam detected by the sensor for reading the barcode. In an exemplary embodiment, the optical panel also displays a visual image thereon.

  18. Final Report of Project Nanometer Structures for Fuel Cells and Displays, etc.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ji, Qing

    2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Low-energy ion beam bombardment induced self-assembly has been used to form various periodic nano-size wave-ordered structures (WOS). Such WOS can be used as hard etching masks to produce nanowire arrays, trenches etc., on other materials by means of traditional etching or ion sputtering. These periodic nano-size structures have a wide range of applications, including flat panel displays, optical electronics, and clean energy technologies (solar and fuel cells, lithium batteries). In order to achieve high throughput of the above processes, a large area RF-driven multicusp nitrogen ion source has been developed for the application of nitrogen ion beam induced surface modification. An integrated ion beam system, which can house either a large area RF-driven multicusp ion source or a commercially available microwave ion source (Roth & Rau AG Tamiris 400-f) have been designed, manufactured, assembled, and tested.

  19. Method of fabrication of display pixels driven by silicon thin film transistors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carey, Paul G. (Mountain View, CA); Smith, Patrick M. (San Ramon, CA)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Display pixels driven by silicon thin film transistors are fabricated on plastic substrates for use in active matrix displays, such as flat panel displays. The process for forming the pixels involves a prior method for forming individual silicon thin film transistors on low-temperature plastic substrates. Low-temperature substrates are generally considered as being incapable of withstanding sustained processing temperatures greater than about 200.degree. C. The pixel formation process results in a complete pixel and active matrix pixel array. A pixel (or picture element) in an active matrix display consists of a silicon thin film transistor (TFT) and a large electrode, which may control a liquid crystal light valve, an emissive material (such as a light emitting diode or LED), or some other light emitting or attenuating material. The pixels can be connected in arrays wherein rows of pixels contain common gate electrodes and columns of pixels contain common drain electrodes. The source electrode of each pixel TFT is connected to its pixel electrode, and is electrically isolated from every other circuit element in the pixel array.

  20. Eyeglasses-free display: towards correcting visual aberrations with computational light field displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Fu-Chung

    Millions of people worldwide need glasses or contact lenses to see or read properly. We introduce a computational display technology that predistorts the presented content for an observer, so that the target image is ...

  1. Transport and Defect Mechanisms in Cuprous Delafossites. 1. Comparison of Hydrothermal and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R.

    flat-panel displays, ultraviolet light emitting diodes, heterojunctions for solar cells, and all- oxide are utilized in a variety of commercial applications, such as flat-panel displays, photovoltaic devices

  2. Variable-Temperature Electrical Measurements of Zinc Oxide/Tin Oxide-Cosubstituted Indium Oxide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R.

    as transparent electrodes in solar cells, flat panel displays, and many other applications. The commercial TCO: Flat Panel Display Mater. Large Area Processes 1998, 508, 308. (4) Minami, T.; Takata, S.; Kakumu, T

  3. Process development for the fabrication of light emitting vacuum field emission triodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Roger T.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Light emitting diodes and triodes are also fabricated to address the feasibility of their application to flat panel displays....

  4. Solid State Sciences 4 (2002) 317322 www.elsevier.com/locate/ssscie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as electrodes in solar cells, flat panel displays and other commercial devices. For instance, the in- dustry TCO

  5. Zinc Doping in Cosubstituted In2-2xSnxZnxO3-A. Ambrosini, S. Malo, and K. R. Poeppelmeier*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R.

    applications such as solar cells and flat panel and liquid crystal displays. Sn-doped indium oxide (ITO

  6. First-principles study of the optical properties of BeO in its ambient and high-pressure phases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pandey, Ravi

    application as an ultraviolet (UV) transparent conduction oxide in flat-panel displays and solar cells can

  7. Magneto-optical Kerr rotation enhancement in CoZnO inhomogeneous magnetic semiconductor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, J. Ping

    impurity doping, the doped ZnO can be used as transparent electrodes in solar cells and flat panel display

  8. Phase Relationships and Physical Properties of Homologous Compounds in the Zinc OxideIndium Oxide System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R.

    , are widely used as transparent electrodes for flat panel displays and solar cells. Commercial, thin-film tin

  9. Model for crystallization kinetics: Deviations from KolmogorovJohnsonMehlAvrami kinetics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sánchez, Angel "Anxo"

    development of active matrix-addressed flat- panel displays1 and thin-film solar cells.2 In this context

  10. Mechanisms of Zinc Oxide Nanocrystalline Thin Film Formation by Thermal Degradation of Metal-Loaded Hydrogels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    electrode in flat- panel displays,1 solar cells, and thin-film transistors.2,3 Other recent reports account

  11. Center for Quantum Science and Engineering (CQSE) National Center of Theoretical Sciences (NCTS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    applications include solar cells and active-matrix (AM) flat-panel displays. Amorphous or polycrystalline thin

  12. NJP281382 on 14 July 2008 T h e o p e n a c c e s s j o u r n a l f o r p h y s i c s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diebold, Ulrike

    fields, e.g. in flat panel displays, solar cells, `smart windows' using oxide electrochromics and organic

  13. First-principles study of the structural, electronic, and optical properties of Ga2O3 in its monoclinic and hexagonal phases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pandey, Ravi

    electrodes for flat panel displays and solar cells, and phase shift masks for laser lithography. Ga2O3 has

  14. Solid State Communications 149 (2009) 609611 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pak, Hyuk Kyu

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in photoelectronic devices such as solar cells, flat panel displays and Corresponding author. Tel.: +82 55 350 5273

  15. Cytoplasmic bacteriophage display system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Studier, F.W.; Rosenberg, A.H.

    1998-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed are display vectors comprising DNA encoding a portion of a structural protein from a cytoplasmic bacteriophage, joined covalently to a protein or peptide of interest. Exemplified are display vectors wherein the structural protein is the T7 bacteriophage capsid protein. More specifically, in the exemplified display vectors the C-terminal amino acid residue of the portion of the capsid protein is joined to the N-terminal residue of the protein or peptide of interest. The portion of the T7 capsid protein exemplified comprises an N-terminal portion corresponding to form 10B of the T7 capsid protein. The display vectors are useful for high copy number display or lower copy number display (with larger fusion). Compositions of the type described herein are useful in connection with methods for producing a virus displaying a protein or peptide of interest. 1 fig.

  16. Cytoplasmic bacteriophage display system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Studier, F. William (Stony Brook, NY); Rosenberg, Alan H. (Setauket, NY)

    1998-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed are display vectors comprising DNA encoding a portion of a structural protein from a cytoplasmic bacteriophage, joined covalently to a protein or peptide of interest. Exemplified are display vectors wherein the structural protein is the T7 bacteriophage capsid protein. More specifically, in the exemplified display vectors the C-terminal amino acid residue of the portion of the capsid protein is joined to the N-terminal residue of the protein or peptide of interest. The portion of the T7 capsid protein exemplified comprises an N-terminal portion corresponding to form 10B of the T7 capsid protein. The display vectors are useful for high copy number display or lower copy number display (with larger fusion). Compositions of the type described herein are useful in connection with methods for producing a virus displaying a protein or peptide of interest.

  17. Display blocks : cubic displays for multi-perspective visualizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pla i Conesa, Pol

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis details the design, execution and evaluation of a new type of display technology, known as Display Blocks. Display Blocks are a response to two major limitations of current displays: visualization and interaction. ...

  18. Image display device in digital TV

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Choi, Seung Jong (Seoul, KR)

    2006-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed is an image display device in a digital TV that is capable of carrying out the conversion into various kinds of resolution by using single bit map data in the digital TV. The image display device includes: a data processing part for executing bit map conversion, compression, restoration and format-conversion for text data; a memory for storing the bit map data obtained according to the bit map conversion and compression in the data processing part and image data inputted from an arbitrary receiving part, the receiving part receiving one of digital image data and analog image data; an image outputting part for reading the image data from the memory; and a display processing part for mixing the image data read from the image outputting part and the bit map data converted in format from the a data processing part. Therefore, the image display device according to the present invention can convert text data in such a manner as to correspond with various resolution, carry out the compression for bit map data, thereby reducing the memory space, and support text data of an HTML format, thereby providing the image with the text data of various shapes.

  19. Polyplanar optical display electronics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeSanto, L.; Biscardi, C. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States). Dept. of Advanced Technology

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Polyplanar Optical Display (POD) is a unique display screen which can be used with any projection source. The prototype ten inch display is two inches thick and has a matte black face which allows for high contrast images. The prototype being developed is a form, fit and functional replacement display for the B-52 aircraft which uses a monochrome ten-inch display. In order to achieve a long lifetime, the new display uses a 100 milliwatt green solid-state laser (10,000 hr. life) at 532 nm as its light source. To produce real-time video, the laser light is being modulated by a Digital Light Processing (DLP{trademark}) chip manufactured by Texas Instruments. In order to use the solid-state laser as the light source and also fit within the constraints of the B-52 display, the Digital Micromirror Device (DMD{trademark}) circuit board is removed from the Texas Instruments DLP light engine assembly. Due to the compact architecture of the projection system within the display chassis, the DMD{trademark} chip is operated remotely from the Texas Instruments circuit board. The authors discuss the operation of the DMD{trademark} divorced from the light engine and the interfacing of the DMD{trademark} board with various video formats (CVBS, Y/C or S-video and RGB) including the format specific to the B-52 aircraft. A brief discussion of the electronics required to drive the laser is also presented.

  20. Computational immersive displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Novy, Daniel E. (Daniel Edward)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Immersion is an oft-quoted but ill-defined term used to describe a viewer or participant's sense of engagement with a visual display system or participatory media. Traditionally, advances in immersive quality came at the ...

  1. Please read the information on the bottom of this form before you fill it out in its entirety. Return the completed form to the ASI Marketing Office located in the TSU, Room 7, at least 10 business days before you want your message to be displayed.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    days before you want your message to be displayed. For questions regarding the status of your message: _____________________________________________________ Contact Telephone: __________________________ Message Telephone: __________________________ Display time Green Yellow Type of Message: Announcement Event Special Recruitment Other: _____________ Titan Student

  2. Solar display kiosk

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clarke, R.A.W.

    1984-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A solar display kiosk particularly to a display kiosk that during day time conditions is illuminated by the sun. It provides, in its preferred embodiment, a closed cylindrical member placed in the vertical position with an open or a closed but light transmissive upper end, which acts as a receiver for solar or ambient light. A circumferential band at the top of the kiosk acts a shading member to place regions immediately beneath such band into shade either totally or in part (umbra and penumbra). Translucent display materials are mounted in the walls of the cylinder in the zones of umbra or penumbra. To the viewer they appear to be highly illuminated, the illumination coming from the solar light entering into the center of the cylinder.

  3. Covered Product Category: Displays

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    FEMP provides acquisition guidance and Federal efficiency requirements across a variety of product categories, including displays, which are covered by the ENERGY STAR program. Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

  4. Precise Application of Transparent Conductive Oxide Coatings...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Application of Transparent Conductive Oxide Coatings for Flat Panel Displays and Photovoltaic Cells Technology available for licensing: New transparent conducting oxide (TCO)...

  5. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    penetration is also expected for ENERGY STAR televisions and computer monitors. Flat panel displays capture a growing share of the market and overall stock efficiency improves...

  6. Effects of high-dose Mn implantation into ZnO grown on sapphire Y. W. Heo, M. P. Ivill, K. Ip, D. P. Norton, and S. J. Peartona)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hebard, Arthur F.

    for flat-panel displays, and more efficient solar cells.1­12 There is also interest in developing the use

  7. 331ZnO nanostructured transparent thin films by PLD Corresponding author: M. Suchea, e-mail: mirasuchea@iesl.forth.gr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -to-band transitions [1], while it can be used as transparent electrode in solar cells and flat panel displays, grating

  8. FUNCTIONAL NEUROIMAGING STUDIES OF READING AND READING DISABILITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FUNCTIONAL NEUROIMAGING STUDIES OF READING AND READING DISABILITY (DEVELOPMENTAL DYSLEXIA) Kenneth in develop- mental dyslexia. Reading disabled readers, relative to nonimpaired readers, demonstrate Reviews 2000;6:207­213. Key Words: dyslexia; neuroimaging; reading; lexical processing; phonol- ogy R

  9. Display blocks: cubic displays for multi-perspective visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pla i Conesa, Pol

    We propose the design, implementation and evaluation of a set of tangible cubic displays. This novel approach to display technology consists of arranging six organic light emitting diode screens in a cubic form factor. We ...

  10. Critical Reading School COMSC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    Critical Reading School COMSC To become an effective researcher requires the ability to rapidly this is to read and critique relevant academic and scientific materials. The means by which these materials are accessed has changed dramatically over recent years, but the core skills of critical reading remain

  11. Introducing a digital library reading appliance into a reading group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marshall, Cathy

    Introducing a digital library reading appliance into a reading group Catherine C. Marshall, Morgan will we read digital library materials? This paper describes the reading practices of an on-going reading group, and how these practices changed when we introduced XLibris, a digital library reading appliance

  12. 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim Adv. Mater. 2010, 22, 355835633558 www.advmat.de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wei Hua

    remove a significant barrier to the development of low-cost flexible displays, lighting, and solar cells-film solar cells.[1] The market for flat-panel displays alone is worth approx- imately $90 billion per year of applications, including low-emissivity windows, flat-panel displays, touch-sensitive control panels, and thin

  13. CHINA PARTICUOLOGY Vol. 3, No. 6, 321-328, 2005 MICROMECHANICS OF MACROELECTRONICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suo, Zhigang

    , ranging from paper-like displays to thin-film solar cells, technologies that aim to address the essential be addressed. E-mail: suo@deas.harvard.edu Abstract The advent of flat-panel displays has opened the era & Chalamala, 2005). At present, the most visible application of macroelectronics is flat-panel displays

  14. Black optic display

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Veligdan, James T. (Manorville, NY)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An optical display includes a plurality of stacked optical waveguides having first and second opposite ends collectively defining an image input face and an image screen, respectively, with the screen being oblique to the input face. Each of the waveguides includes a transparent core bound by a cladding layer having a lower index of refraction for effecting internal reflection of image light transmitted into the input face to project an image on the screen, with each of the cladding layers including a cladding cap integrally joined thereto at the waveguide second ends. Each of the cores is beveled at the waveguide second end so that the cladding cap is viewable through the transparent core. Each of the cladding caps is black for absorbing external ambient light incident upon the screen for improving contrast of the image projected internally on the screen.

  15. INTERACTIVE DISPLAY OF POLYGONAL DATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Peter M.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    P. SEEDIS Workbook III, Interactive Polygon Mapping. LBL-August, 1974. Wood, P.M. Interactive Thematic ~mpping -- Aprivatelyownedrights. LBL-6490 INTERACTIVE DISPLAY OF

  16. Contracting with reading costs and renegotiation costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brennan, James R.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reading Costs, Competition, and ContractReading Costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C. EquilibriumUnconscionability A?ect Reading Costs . . . . . . . . . .

  17. Journal of Materials Research http://journals.cambridge.org/JMR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCluskey, Matthew

    and heated freezer windows.8 A dom- inant market for TCOs is provided by flat-panel displays (TCOs) are currently used in products such as flat-panel displays. The prevailing n-type conductivity (ITO), as a transparent electrode. ITO is also used as the front contact in photovoltaic solar cells.9

  18. 2011 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . ITO was principally used for electrically conductive purposes in a variety of flat-panel display by AIM Specialty Materials USA (Cranston, RI), Exotech Inc. (Pompano Beach, FL), ICA, 5N Plus Inc. (Saint with that of 2010 owing to increased demand for architectural glass and flat-panel displays, specifically high

  19. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 84, 035315 (2011) Theoretical analysis of the crystal structure, band-gap energy, polarization, and piezoelectric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    have already been incorporated in flat panel displays and solar cells as transparent electrodesO can be tailored by alloying ZnO with BeO for applications such as electrodes in flat panel displays and solar cells, blue and ultraviolet (UV) light emitting devices, and highly sensitive UV detectors. We

  20. Electrical and Optical Properties of Transparent Conducting Homologous Compounds in the IndiumGalliumZinc Oxide System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R.

    , smart windows, and solar cells. Tin-doped indium oxide (ITO) is the commercial TCO of choice. ITO thin TRANSPARENT conducting oxides (TCOs) are used in a wide variety of applications, such as flat-panel displays, and lower cost are desired for use in demanding ap- plications such as next-generation flat-panel displays

  1. Ductility of thin metal films on polymer substrates modulated by interfacial adhesion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suo, Zhigang

    (Crawford, 2005), other macroelectronic products include X-ray imagers, thin-film solar cells, and thin. Introduction Flat-panel displays are rapidly replacing cathode-ray tubes as the monitors of choice transistors and other micro-components are integrated over large areas. In addition to the flat-panel displays

  2. An experimental investigation on the multiphase flows and turbulent mixing in a flat-panel photobioreactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Hui

    image velocimetry (PIV) measurements Introduction Microalgae are an ideal source for liquid fuel, the hydrocarbons can be processed into different types of jet fuels such as Jet A and JP-8 (Wijffels and Barbosa

  3. Evaluation of Loss Factor Estimation Techniques for Free Hanging Flat Panels Excited Mechanically

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dande, Himanshu Amol

    2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    with simulated LF = 0.1 and fn=1000 Hz). ................................................................................. 155 Figure C.2: Study of the effect of number of triggers on dB decay (for a 1DOF system with simulated LF = 0.01 and fn=1000 Hz...) ................................................................................ 155 Figure C.3: Study of effect of number of triggers on loss factor estimation (for a 1DOF system with simulated LF = 0.1) ....................................................................................... 157 Figure C.4: Study of effect...

  4. Field emission from organic materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kymissis, Ioannis, 1977-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Field emission displays (FEDs) show great promise as high performance flat panel displays. The light emission process is efficient, long lifetimes are possible with high brightness, and bright passive matrix displays can ...

  5. Peter Sparks Compass Reading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robertson, Stephen

    Peter Sparks Compass Reading You could I never love. Built of a bulk beyond my comprehension compass with its swinging fleur-de-lys watched by the crystal prism's sharp-cut eye? It represented

  6. Stamping colloidal photonic crystals: a facile way towards complex pixel colour patterns for sensing and displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, Tao; Smoukov, Stoyan K.; Baumberg, Jeremy J.

    2014-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    , the infiltration efficiency can be further improved and easily read out from changes in reflection intensity and spectral peak shifts. Integrating these nano-architectures into devices can thus yield function as image displays and as sensors for solvents... years for sensing and image displays.10–15 This integrated colour patterning system has unique advan- tages over competitive organic colour systems (as CPCs are non-toxic, environmentally friendly and non-photo-bleaching) and can be actively tuned...

  7. Plumpton College Horse riding displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bontcheva, Kalina

    Plumpton College · Horse riding displays · Forestry demonstrations · Small animals · Tractor: enquiries@plumpton.ac.uk Tel: 01273 890454 www.plumpton.ac.uk Advice on all courses and career opportunities

  8. DISPLAY SCREEN EQUIPMENT REGULATIONS 1992

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , charts or computer-generated graphics are included. Screens whose main use is to show television or film the standards required by the Regulations. 4 RISKS FROM USING DISPLAY SCREENS The principal risk associated when

  9. INTERACTIVE ANALYSIS AND DISPLAY OF TABULAR DATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benson, W.H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    July 1976. Kitous,B. Interactive matrix displays andSS98{~ tA(!. -3.2 . I INTERACTIVE ANALYSIS AND DISPLAY OF ·owned rights. ~j • 6 U I INTERACTIVE ANALYSIS AND DISPLAY OF

  10. Approved 10-06 Clemson University: Master of Education in Reading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Steven J.

    coursework. II. Reading Teacher & Reading Consultant certifications + Reading Recovery Training Organizing and Supervising Reading Programs 3 hours READ 864 Teaching Secondary School Reading 3 hours READ Plan II. Reading Recovery Teacher, Reading Teacher & Reading Consultant READ 880 Reading Recovery

  11. Reading Arendt in Iran/Reading Iran through Arendt: Speech,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    Reading Arendt in Iran/Reading Iran through Arendt: Speech, Action, and the Question Arendt in Iran/Reading Iran through Arendt: Speech, Action, and the Question of Street Politics for Arendt readers in the postrevolutionary context of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Arendt's skepticism

  12. INTERACTIVE COMPUTER GRAPHICS DISPLAYS FOR HIERARCHICAL DATA STRUCTURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cahn, D.F.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    INTERACTIVE COMPUTER GRAPHICS DISPLAYS FOR HIERARCHICAL DATAINTERACTIVE COMPUTER GRAPHICS DISPLAYS FOR HIERARCHICAL DATAtem. INTERACTIVE COMPUTER GRAPHICS DISPLAYS FOR HIERARCHICAL

  13. Eye movements of young and older adults while reading with distraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemper, Susan; McDowd, Joan; Kramer, Arthur F.

    2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The participants also wore a visor with a small magnetic sensor attached. The sensor was interfaced with a headtracker to monitor head movements. The sentences were presented on a 17 in flat panel computer screen at a viewing distance of 16 in. The Kemper, S... of each session and between blocks for each participant. One microcomputer controlled the eye tracker; it was interfaced with a second computer running the GazeTracker software for presentation and analysis. Eye movement parameters were analyzed...

  14. WIPP - Public Reading Facilities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengthening aTurbulenceUtilizeRural Public Reading Facilities/Electronic

  15. A view-sequential 3D display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cossairt, Oliver S. (Oliver Strider), 1978-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis outlines the various techniques for creating electronic 3D displays and analyzes their commercial potential. The thesis argues for the use of view-sequential techniques in the design of 3D displays based on ...

  16. Please read this guide before operating this equipment. After you finish reading this guide, store it in a safe place for future reference. ENG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pasternack, Gregory B.

    the Machine Menu Functions and Operation Printer Settings Menu Functions and Operation Report Settings Menu the Manuals for the Machine The manuals for this machine are divided as follow. Please read them to suit yourRUNNER 3300/2800/2200 Series machine, and how to specify these functions from the touch panel display. Please

  17. Multibrowsing: Moving Web Content across Multiple Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    is a framework for exploiting multiple heterogeneous displays, whether fixed or on mobile computing devices displays in a ubiquitous computing environment. The dis- plays may be "public" (e.g. wall-sized fixed for multi- display environments. Since it uses Web standards, it accommodates any device or platform already

  18. REVIEW/SYNTHSE Threat display in birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hurd, Peter L.

    REVIEW/SYNTHÈSE Threat display in birds Peter L. Hurd and Magnus Enquist Abstract: The study of threat displays has long been an area in which theory and empirical work have each spurred the other. A great deal that classical ethologists have accurately described about threat displays still lacks

  19. Reading Acquisition, Developmental Dyslexia, and Skilled Reading Across Languages: A Psycholinguistic Grain Size Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Port, Robert

    Reading Acquisition, Developmental Dyslexia, and Skilled Reading Across Languages representations and accompanying differences in developmental reading strategies and the manifestation of dyslexia

  20. International House Collection / Stanley Read (collector)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Todd C.

    International House Collection / Stanley Read (collector) Revised by Erwin Wodarczak (2010 (collector). - 1953-1955. 2 cm of textual records. Biographical Sketch Born in Quebec, Stanley Read earned

  1. DISPLAYING AND INTERPRETING FLUID INCLUSION STRATIGRAPHY ANALYSES...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ANALYSES ON MUDLOG GRAPHS Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Proceedings: DISPLAYING AND INTERPRETING FLUID INCLUSION STRATIGRAPHY...

  2. Critical function and success path summary display

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Scarola, Kenneth (Windsor, CT); Jamison, David S. (Windsor, CT); Manazir, Richard M. (North Canton, CT); Rescorl, Robert L. (Vernon, CT); Harmon, Daryl L. (Enfield, CT)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The content of and hierarchical access to three levels of display pages containing information on critical function monitoring and success path monitoring.

  3. Project: (version of April 7, 2008) Numerical Simulation of Organic LED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiptmair, Ralf

    -15% of the global energy production is used for lighting. Moreover, OLEDs have entered the small- and medium-size flat panel display market. The increasing complexity of OLEDs (layer composition and structures

  4. Tuning the Properties of Transparent Oxide Conductors. Dopant Ion Size and Electronic Structure Effects on CdO-Based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medvedeva, Julia E.

    as key components in optoelectronic devices such as flat panel displays (FPDs), organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), photovoltaics, solar cells, optical waveguides, and energy-efficient windows.1

  5. Mean-field theory of acentric order of dipolar chromophores in polymeric electro-optic materials Yuriy V. Pereverzev* and Oleg V. Prezhdo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -to- optical signal transductors for cable television, diode lasers, high-density memories, flat panel displays field is lifted. Upon freezing, the sample exists in a long-lived metastable state with a signifi- cant

  6. Highly oriented crystals at the buried interface in polythiophene thin-film

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGehee, Michael

    and Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA 2 Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory) for large-area and low-cost applications, including flat-panel displays and radiofrequency identification

  7. Excitonic Processes in Nanostructured Optoelectronic Devices...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    At UDC he worked on the application of organic materials to LEDs for full color flat panel displays and thin film photovoltaics for solar cell and detector applications. His...

  8. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 85, 155101 (2012) Electronic properties of layered multicomponent wide-band-gap oxides: A combinatorial approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medvedeva, Julia E.

    devices including solar cells, smart windows, and flat panel displays, and they also find application as heating, antistatic, and optical coatings (for select reviews, see Refs. 1­7). Multicomponent TCOs

  9. SHEN ET AL. VOL. 5 ' NO. 8 ' 61486155 ' 2011 www.acsnano.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    electronics, flat panel displays, light-emitting diodes, solar cells, and gas sensors. Over the past years sections via a rapid heating process.30 Zhou * Address correspondence to gzshen@mail.hust.edu.cn, zhong

  10. Thin optic surface analysis for high resolution X-ray telescopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akilian, Mireille

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The art of glass developed throughout the years has covered artifacts ranging from crude ornaments to high precision optics used in flat panel displays, hard disk drives, and x-ray telescopes. Methods for manufacturing ...

  11. Problem

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    that could benefit from this coating process include high-definition flat panel displays, sensor coatings for both biological and chemical sensors, and low-k materials for next...

  12. Patterning Organic Electronics Based on Nanoimprint Lithography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lo, Yi-Chen

    2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    with organic semiconductors. This technique was then used to fabricate passive-matrix organic light-emitting diode (PMOLED) arrays for flat-panel display applications. Fabrication of a self-aligned bottom gate electrode for organic metal semiconductor field...

  13. Terahertz Dielectric Properties and Low-Frequency Phonon Resonances of ZnO Nanostructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    spectral region, and therefore it can be used as the transparent conductive electrodes in solar cells and flat panel displays.10 Additionally, surface acoustic wave filters made from ZnO films have been used

  14. Dependences of the Al thickness and annealing temperature on the structural, optical and electrical properties in ZnO/Al multilayers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jung-Chun

    displays, electrochromic windows, electro-optical devices, gas sensors and solar cells. Nowadays, tin (TCO) films are currently of great commercial and scientific importance for applications in flat panel

  15. Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Vol. 1426 2012 Materials Research Society DOI: 10.1557/opl.2012.1094

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    films. It has allowed the development of flat panel displays and tandem a-Si:H/ cSi:H solar cells [1 them attractive for stable solar cells and thin film transistors [13,14]. This approach has been

  16. Electron transport in naphthylamine-based organic compounds S. C. Tse, K. C. Kwok, and S. K. Soa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    So, Shu K.

    are organic light-emitting diodes OLEDs , thin-film transistors, solar cells, and photodetectors.1­4 Among them, OLED is now a leading contender in ultrathin, flexible, flat panel display technology. A simple

  17. Lattice model for kinetics and grain-size distribution in crystallization Mario Castro*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sánchez, Angel "Anxo"

    and thin-film solar cells.2 With these and similar applications in mind, the capability to en- gineer deposition has been driven by the technological development of active matrix addressed flat-panel displays1

  18. Structural, Electrical, and Optical Properties of SnO2:Sb Films Prepared on Flexible Substrate at Room Temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boo, Jin-Hyo

    , and solar cells.1­5) The increased utilization of many transparent electrodes has recently accelerated for application in various fields such as gas sensors, optoelec- tronic devices, flat panel displays, heat mirrors

  19. This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Byungwoo

    recently, because of a rising demand for optoelec- tronic devices, such as solar cells, organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs), and flat panel displays [1e3]. Most of the previous research on TCOs has focused

  20. 215High performance gas sensing materials based on nanostructed metal oxide films Corresponding author: G. Kiriakidis, e-mail: kiriakid@iesl.forth.gr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    application as transparent electrodes in electronic and optoelectronic devices, such as solar cells, diffusion barriers in Al/In2 O3 /Si struc- ture and flat panel displays. In the last years, the gas

  1. Real time speech formant analyzer and display

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Holland, George E. (Ames, IA); Struve, Walter S. (Ames, IA); Homer, John F. (Ames, IA)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A speech analyzer for interpretation of sound includes a sound input which converts the sound into a signal representing the sound. The signal is passed through a plurality of frequency pass filters to derive a plurality of frequency formants. These formants are converted to voltage signals by frequency-to-voltage converters and then are prepared for visual display in continuous real time. Parameters from the inputted sound are also derived and displayed. The display may then be interpreted by the user. The preferred embodiment includes a microprocessor which is interfaced with a television set for displaying of the sound formants. The microprocessor software enables the sound analyzer to present a variety of display modes for interpretive and therapeutic used by the user.

  2. Real time speech formant analyzer and display

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Holland, G.E.; Struve, W.S.; Homer, J.F.

    1987-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A speech analyzer for interpretation of sound includes a sound input which converts the sound into a signal representing the sound. The signal is passed through a plurality of frequency pass filters to derive a plurality of frequency formants. These formants are converted to voltage signals by frequency-to-voltage converters and then are prepared for visual display in continuous real time. Parameters from the inputted sound are also derived and displayed. The display may then be interpreted by the user. The preferred embodiment includes a microprocessor which is interfaced with a television set for displaying of the sound formants. The microprocessor software enables the sound analyzer to present a variety of display modes for interpretive and therapeutic used by the user. 19 figs.

  3. Assessment of the impact of large CRTs and flat panel monitors on productivity and quality in an insurance company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Michael Federico

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    users most commonly experience back, neck, and shoulder musculoskeletal discomfort (Smith et al., 1981; Bendix et al., 1985; Evans, 1987; Hagberg and Wegman, 1987; Rossignol et al., 1987). Numerous studies have indicated that musculoskeletal...

  4. The new generation of Electronic Portal Imaging Devices (EPID) based on the a-Si flat panel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pouliot, Jean

    at the UCSF Cancer Center on a dual energy (6 & 18 MV) linac and clinical use and development of new

  5. Technical Note: Skin thickness measurements using high-resolution flat-panel cone-beam dedicated breast CT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shi Linxi; Vedantham, Srinivasan; Karellas, Andrew [Department of Radiology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655 (United States); O'Connell, Avice M. [Department of Radiology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York 14642 (United States)

    2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To determine the mean and range of location-averaged breast skin thickness using high-resolution dedicated breast CT for use in Monte Carlo-based estimation of normalized glandular dose coefficients. Methods: This study retrospectively analyzed image data from a clinical study investigating dedicated breast CT. An algorithm similar to that described by Huang et al.['The effect of skin thickness determined using breast CT on mammographic dosimetry,' Med. Phys. 35(4), 1199-1206 (2008)] was used to determine the skin thickness in 137 dedicated breast CT volumes from 136 women. The location-averaged mean breast skin thickness for each breast was estimated and the study population mean and range were determined. Pathology results were available for 132 women, and were used to investigate if the distribution of location-averaged mean breast skin thickness varied with pathology. The effect of surface fitting to account for breast curvature was also studied. Results: The study mean ({+-} interbreast SD) for breast skin thickness was 1.44 {+-} 0.25 mm (range: 0.87-2.34 mm), which was in excellent agreement with Huang et al. Based on pathology, pair-wise statistical analysis (Mann-Whitney test) indicated that at the 0.05 significance level, there were no significant difference in the location-averaged mean breast skin thickness distributions between the groups: benign vs malignant (p= 0.223), benign vs hyperplasia (p= 0.651), hyperplasia vs malignant (p= 0.229), and malignant vs nonmalignant (p= 0.172). Conclusions: Considering this study used a different clinical prototype system, and the study participants were from a different geographical location, the observed agreement between the two studies suggests that the choice of 1.45 mm thick skin layer comprising the epidermis and the dermis for breast dosimetry is appropriate. While some benign and malignant conditions could cause skin thickening, in this study cohort the location-averaged mean breast skin thickness distributions did not differ significantly with pathology. The study also underscored the importance of considering breast curvature in estimating breast skin thickness.

  6. Flat panel X-ray detector with reduced internal scattering for improved attenuation accuracy and dynamic range

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smith, Peter D. (Santa Fe, NM); Claytor, Thomas N. (White Rock, NM); Berry, Phillip C. (Albuquerque, NM); Hills, Charles R. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    An x-ray detector is disclosed that has had all unnecessary material removed from the x-ray beam path, and all of the remaining material in the beam path made as light and as low in atomic number as possible. The resulting detector is essentially transparent to x-rays and, thus, has greatly reduced internal scatter. The result of this is that x-ray attenuation data measured for the object under examination are much more accurate and have an increased dynamic range. The benefits of this improvement are that beam hardening corrections can be made accurately, that computed tomography reconstructions can be used for quantitative determination of material properties including density and atomic number, and that lower exposures may be possible as a result of the increased dynamic range.

  7. Evaluation of Effective Dose During Abdominal Three-Dimensional Imaging for Three Flat-Panel-Detector Angiography Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suzuki, Shigeru, E-mail: shig.suz@gmail.com [Saitama Red Cross Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan); Yamaguchi, Ichiro [National Institute of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health (Japan); Kidouchi, Takashi; Yamamoto, Asako [Teikyo University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Japan); Masumoto, Tomohiko [Tsukuba University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan); Ozaki, Yutaka [Juntendo University Nerima Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan)

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effective dose during abdominal three-dimensional (3D) imaging on phantoms and estimate the dose-area product (DAP) for effective dose conversion factors for three types of angiographic units. Three-dimensional imaging was performed for three sizes (small, medium, large) of human-shaped phantoms using three types of angiographic units (Allura Xper FD20/10, INNOVA 4100, AXIOM Artis dTA). We calculated 25 organ doses and effective doses using Monte Carlo technique for the three phantoms with a program for a personal computer. As benchmark studies to back up the results by Monte Carlo technique, we measured the organ doses directly on the small phantom using radiophotoluminescent glass dosimeters. The DAP value increased as the phantom size increased. The organ doses and the effective doses during the 3D imaging increased as the phantom size increased. The effective doses for the small phantom by Monte Carlo technique were 1.9, 2.2, and 2.1 mSv for the Allura Xper FD20/10, INNOVA 4100, and AXIOM Artis dTA, respectively, while those by direct measurement were 1.6, 2.0, and 2.6 mSv. The effective doses to DAP ratios by Monte Carlo technique were 0.37-0.45, 0.26-0.32, and 0.13-0.15 (mSv Gy{sup -1}cm{sup -2}) for the Allura Xper FD20/10, INNOVA 4100, and AXIOM Artis dTA, respectively. In conclusion, the effective doses during 3D imaging and the dose-to-DAP ratios differ among angiographic units, and the effective dose can be estimated using a proper conversion factor for each angiographic unit.

  8. PUBLISHED ONLINE: 1 MAY 2011 | DOI: 10.1038/NMAT3013 High-performance flat-panel solar thermoelectric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    by mechanical heat engines in large power plants, and household heat supply by means of solar hot-water systems

  9. A CMOS-compatible compact display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Andrew R. (Andrew Raymond)

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Portable information devices demand displays with high resolution and high image quality that are increasingly compact and energy-efficient. Microdisplays consisting of a silicon CMOS backplane integrated with light ...

  10. Image fusion for a nighttime driving display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrington, William Frederick

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An investigation into image fusion for a nighttime driving display application was performed. Most of the image fusion techniques being investigated in this application were developed for other purposes. When comparing the ...

  11. Brain Bases of Reading Fluency in Typical Reading and Impaired Fluency in Dyslexia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christodoulou, Joanna

    Although the neural systems supporting single word reading are well studied, there are limited direct comparisons between typical and dyslexic readers of the neural correlates of reading fluency. Reading fluency deficits ...

  12. Beacon data acquisition and display system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Skogmo, D.G.; Black, B.D.

    1991-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A system for transmitting aircraft beacon information received by a secondary surveillance radar through telephone lines to a remote display includes a digitizer connected to the radar for preparing a serial file of data records containing position and identification information of the beacons detected by each sweep of the radar. This information is transmitted through the telephone lines to a remote computer where it is displayed. 6 figures.

  13. A high brightness field emission display

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Palevsky, A. [Raytheon Co., Quincy, MA (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The military requirement for avionics display performance requires that displays be legible with 10,000 foot-candles (fc) bright light shining into the pilot`s eyes, or 10,000 fc shining directly on the display. The contrast ratio under these conditions must be at least 4.66:1. In addition, instant-on operation is sought for temperatures as low as {minus}54 C. Currently these specifications can barely be met by monochrome CRTs whose use is counter-indicated by other factors. No color display can achieve optimum performance in the areas mentioned, nor do any current contenders, primarily AMLCD`s, have any prospects of achieving full compliance. The FED being developed by Raytheon shows strong promise of being able to achieve the brightness and contrast ratios desired. The FED is also inherently able to provide instant-on functionality at any terrestrial temperature and does not require any heating at low temperatures. The technical objective of the Raytheon development program is to develop a high performance, full color, FED Panel that meets the performance and environmental operating condition requirements specified for military and other high performance display applications.

  14. The TV Turtle: A Logo Graphics System for Raster Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lieberman, Henry

    1976-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Until recently, most computer graphics systems have been oriented toward the display of line drawins, continually refreshing the screen from a display list of vectors. Developments such as plasma panel displays and ...

  15. New Refrigerant Boosts Energy Efficiency of Supermarket Display...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    New Refrigerant Boosts Energy Efficiency of Supermarket Display Cases New Refrigerant Boosts Energy Efficiency of Supermarket Display Cases February 20, 2015 - 4:55pm Addthis New...

  16. alternative graphical displays: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Graphical User Interfaces on OLED Displays CiteSeer Summary: Emerging organic light-emitting diode (OLED)-based displays obviate external lighting; and consume drastically...

  17. Reading File Bonneville Power Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection Radiation ProtectionRaising funds forAdvancedAdvancedReading File

  18. LED Light Sources for Projection Display Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palffy-Muhoray, Peter

    LED Light Sources for Projection Display Applications By Chenhui Peng 04-13-2012 #12;Outline · 1. · The first practical LED is in red color and it is made with gallium arsenide (GaAs). 4http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Light with holes and release energy in the form of photons. 5http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Light-emitting_diode #12

  19. Intelligent head-down display design for the smart cockpit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Branham, Paul Anthony

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) Display Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Moving Map Symbology Set. 14 Automatic Scaling Flowchart 15 Check Lists (CHCK LSTS) Display Mode 16 Training (TRNG) Display Mode. 17 Built-in Self Test (BIT) Display Mode. 18 GAPATS Executive...), and other NavAids, with the plane's current location represented on the screen by an icon. ~ Flight Planning - A standardized display format is used which permits the pilot to quickly enter data in a logical order, generally corresponding with an FAA...

  20. Eyeglasses-free Display: Towards Correcting Visual Aberrations with Computational Light Field Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Brien, James F.

    Eyeglasses-free Display: Towards Correcting Visual Aberrations with Computational Light Field of the population in some Asia countries [Wong et al. 2000] suffer from myopia. Eyeglasses have been the pri- mary

  1. Read: The Happiness of Pursuit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fineprint Bookclub

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from both India and China. Nothing empowers a person as much as a weapon. With the cue derived from the Maoists’ success in mobilizing the masses by giving them guns, a national campaign to empower the downtrodden by providing military training... another of his book, My Name is Red. I don’t drink and smoke, but I am hopelessly addicted to books and audio cassettes/cds. However, I don’t seem to fi nd enough time to read these days. In the past, I had ample free time but little money to buy...

  2. Reading Room | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sure you wantJoin us for| Department ofRightsSmart SensorsHeatingReading

  3. Method and apparatus for reading free falling dosimeter punchcodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Langsted, James M. (Golden, CO)

    1992-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A punchcode reader is provided for reading data encoded in a punchcode hole array on a dosimeter. The dosimeter falls through a passage in the reader containing photosensor detectors disposed along the passage which provide output signals to a microprocessor. The signals are processed to determine the orientation of the dosimeter in the reader, the location and state of punchcode holes in a two row array thereby decoding the encoded data. Multiple rate of fall calculations are made, and if appropriate matching of the punchcode array is not obtained in three tries, an error signal is outputted to the operator. The punchcode reader also provides for storage of data from multiple dosimeters passed through the reader, and for the output of decoded data to an external display or a computer for further processing.

  4. Method and apparatus for reading free falling dosimeter punchcodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Langsted, J.M.

    1992-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A punchcode reader is provided for reading data encoded in a punchcode hole array on a dosimeter. The dosimeter falls through a passage in the reader containing photosensor detectors disposed along the passage which provide output signals to a microprocessor. The signals are processed to determine the orientation of the dosimeter in the reader, the location and state of punchcode holes in a two row array thereby decoding the encoded data. Multiple rate of fall calculations are made, and if appropriate matching of the punchcode array is not obtained in three tries, an error signal is output to the operator. The punchcode reader also provides for storage of data from multiple dosimeters passed through the reader, and for the output of decoded data to an external display or a computer for further processing. 8 figs.

  5. WELCOME TO THE ELECTRONIC RESERVES COURSE READINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shrader-Frechette, Kristin

    WELCOME TO THE ELECTRONIC RESERVES COURSE READINGS NOTE: THIS MATERIAL MAY BE PROTECTED animals--ingesting food, digesting it, assimilating it, excreting waste, reproducing, and being mobile

  6. MEASURING THE READING ABILITY OF INCOMING FRESHMEN: A PATH ANALYSIS INVESTIGATION INTO READING COMPREHENSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuster, Jonathan

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Reading is a complex process involving numerous skills and abilities contributing to acquiring meaning from text. Individuals without the requisite reading skills will have difficulty not only in school but throughout their ...

  7. Tracking Reading: Dual Task Costs of Oral Reading for Young Versus Older Adults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemper, Susan; Bontempo, Daniel; Schmalzried, RaLynn Cheri; McKedy, Whitney; Tagliaferri, Bruno; Kieweg, Doug

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A digital pursuit rotor was used to monitor oral reading costs by time-locking tracking performance to the auditory wave form produced as young and older adults were reading out short paragraphs. Multilevel modeling was ...

  8. Designing a Multi-Slate Reading Environment to Support Active Reading Activities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keinan, Alon

    Designing a Multi-Slate Reading Environment to Support Active Reading Activities NICHOLAS CHEN of reading device consisting of an interconnected environment of thin and lightweight electronic slates could and construction of such a system. In it, we explain how data should be mapped to slates, detail interactions

  9. Security alarm communication and display systems development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waddoups, I.G.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sandia National Laboratories has developed a variety of alarm communication and display systems for a broad spectrum of users. This paper will briefly describe the latest systems developed for the Department of Energy (DOE), the Department of Defense (DoD), and the Department of State (DOS) applications. Applications covered will vary from relatively small facilities to large complex sites. Ongoing system developments will also be discussed. The concluding section will summarize the practical, implementable state-of-the-art features available in new systems. 6 figs.

  10. Reading for Thursday Emissions scenario summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    emissions, for year 2000 #12;USA ­ CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion (2005) US EPA #12;#12;#12;Decreasing 13C strongly suggests that the source of atmospheric CO2 is fossil carbon #12;Line of evidence #1Reading for Thursday · Emissions scenario summary: ­ Read pages 3-6 · IPCC Chapter 11 (Regional

  11. Commercial assessment of roll to roll manufacturing of electronic displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Randolph, Michael Aaron

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cost of manufacturing electronic displays currently limits the range of applications and markets into which it is currently economically feasible to adopt displays. Roll-to-roll manufacturing has been identified by the ...

  12. Hermetically sealed encasements for historic document display and preservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durand, Keith (Keith V.)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this thesis was to develop designs and methods for the preservation and display of historic documents. The results were applied via the design, manufacture, and installation of five hermetic display encasements ...

  13. Home Energy Displays: Consumer Adoption and Response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LaMarche, J.; Cheney, K.; Akers, C.; Roth, K.; Sachs, O.

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The focus of this project was to investigate the factors influencing consumer adoption of Home Energy Displays (HEDs) and to evaluate electricity consumption in households with basic HEDs versus enhanced feedback methods - web portals or alerts. We hypothesized that providing flexible and relatable information to users, in addition to a basic HED, would make feedback more effective and achieve persistent energy savings. In Phase I, we conducted three user research studies and found preferences for aesthetically pleasing, easy to understand feedback that is accessible through multiple media and offered free of charge. The deployment of HEDs in 150 households planned for Phase II encountered major recruitment and HED field deployment problems. First, after extensive outreach campaigns to apartment complexes with 760 units, only 8% of building's tenants elected to receive a free HED in their homes as part of the field study. Second, the HED used, a leading market model, had a spectrum of problems, including gateway miscommunications, failure to post to a data-hosting third party, and display malfunctions. In light of these challenges, we are pursuing a modified study investigating the energy savings of a web portal versus alert-based energy feedback instead of a physical HED.

  14. Human factors evaluation of electroluminescent display. number sign. 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Auflick, J.L. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (USA))

    1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report consists of an an electroluminescent display, done by scientists and researchers in the Human Factors Research Unit at EG G, Idaho, Inc. The purpose of this evaluation was to examine the Sunlight Readability'' of one electroluminescent (EL) display; a display which may be incorporated into a new generation of US Army diesel generators. The basic finding of this evaluation is that this particular EL display is not sunlight readable. 2 figs., 10 tabs.

  15. ORIGINAL PAPER Peacocks orient their courtship displays towards the sun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomerie, Bob

    ORIGINAL PAPER Peacocks orient their courtship displays towards the sun Roslyn Dakin & Robert on male orientation relative to the position of the sun. During the "wing-shaking" display, females were generally behind the displaying male, and male orientation with respect to the position of the sun

  16. TRICOLOR LIGHT EMITTING DIODE DOT MATRIX DISPLAY SYSTEM WITHAUDIO OUTPUT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pang, Grantham

    1 TRICOLOR LIGHT EMITTING DIODE DOT MATRIX DISPLAY SYSTEM WITHAUDIO OUTPUT Grantham Pang, Chi emitting diodes; tricolor display; audio communication. I. Introduction This paper relates to a tricolor broadcasting through the visible light rays transmitted by the display panel or assembly. Keywords: light

  17. Aluminum Foil Mediated Noncatalytic Growth of ZnO Nanowire Arrays on an Indium Tin Oxide Substrate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Bongsoo

    substrate would find useful applications in field emission displays and solar cells. Introduction Zinc oxide in optoelectronics such as field emission displays (FEDs) and solar cells.3,4 Developing convenient and reproducible applications because it has been widely used as a transparent electrode in conventional flat panel displays

  18. Segmented nanowires displaying locally controllable properties

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sutter, Eli Anguelova; Sutter, Peter Werner

    2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Vapor-liquid-solid growth of nanowires is tailored to achieve complex one-dimensional material geometries using phase diagrams determined for nanoscale materials. Segmented one-dimensional nanowires having constant composition display locally variable electronic band structures that are determined by the diameter of the nanowires. The unique electrical and optical properties of the segmented nanowires are exploited to form electronic and optoelectronic devices. Using gold-germanium as a model system, in situ transmission electron microscopy establishes, for nanometer-sized Au--Ge alloy drops at the tips of Ge nanowires (NWs), the parts of the phase diagram that determine their temperature-dependent equilibrium composition. The nanoscale phase diagram is then used to determine the exchange of material between the NW and the drop. The phase diagram for the nanoscale drop deviates significantly from that of the bulk alloy.

  19. The Effects of Rhetorical Reading Interventions on the Reading and Writing Performances of Students Enrolled in College Composition Classes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanchez, Bernice Y.

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    -experimental comparison and treatment group post test design that included four composition classes. The independent variable was the rhetorical reading intervention. The dependent variables included: student reading- writing connection surveys, the Accuplacer Reading...

  20. Quantum Reading of Unitary Optical Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michele Dall'Arno; Alessandro Bisio; Giacomo Mauro D'Ariano

    2015-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We address the problem of quantum reading of optical memories, namely the retrieving of classical information stored in the optical properties of a media with minimum energy. We present optimal strategies for ambiguous and unambiguous quantum reading of unitary optical memories, namely when one's task is to minimize the probability of errors in the retrieved information and when perfect retrieving of information is achieved probabilistically, respectively. A comparison of the optimal strategy with coherent probes and homodyne detection shows that the former saves orders of magnitude of energy when achieving the same performances. Experimental proposals for quantum reading which are feasible with present quantum optical technology are reported.

  1. De Novo Sequencing with Short Reads: Does the Read Length Matter? (2009 JGI User Meeting)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Pezner, Pavel A

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Pavel Pevzner of UC San Diego spoke about "De Novo Sequencing with Short Reads" on March 26, 2009 during the 4th Annual User Meeting

  2. INTERACTIVE COMPUTER GRAPHICS DISPLAYS FOR HIERARCHICAL DATA STRUCTURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cahn, D.F.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pittsburgh, 1980 LBL-10247 INTERACTIVE COMPUTER GRAPHICSOF THIS DKiir.KHT IS UMLIMITEO INTERACTIVE COMPUTER GRAPHICSBerkeley, CA 94720 An interactive computer graphical display

  3. ascorbate peroxidase display: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    This novel approach to display technology consists of arranging six organic light emitting diode screens in a cubic form factor. We ... Pla i Conesa, Pol 35 Tradeoffs in...

  4. acinetobacter baumannii displays: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    This novel approach to display technology consists of arranging six organic light emitting diode screens in a cubic form factor. We ... Pla i Conesa, Pol 29 Tradeoffs in...

  5. Balance Calibration – A Method for Assigning a Direct-Reading Uncertainty to an Electronic Balance.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mike Stears

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Paper Title: Balance Calibration – A method for assigning a direct-reading uncertainty to an electronic balance. Intended Audience: Those who calibrate or use electronic balances. Abstract: As a calibration facility, we provide on-site (at the customer’s location) calibrations of electronic balances for customers within our company. In our experience, most of our customers are not using their balance as a comparator, but simply putting an unknown quantity on the balance and reading the displayed mass value. Manufacturer’s specifications for balances typically include specifications such as readability, repeatability, linearity, and sensitivity temperature drift, but what does this all mean when the balance user simply reads the displayed mass value and accepts the reading as the true value? This paper discusses a method for assigning a direct-reading uncertainty to a balance based upon the observed calibration data and the environment where the balance is being used. The method requires input from the customer regarding the environment where the balance is used and encourages discussion with the customer regarding sources of uncertainty and possible means for improvement; the calibration process becomes an educational opportunity for the balance user as well as calibration personnel. This paper will cover the uncertainty analysis applied to the calibration weights used for the field calibration of balances; the uncertainty is calculated over the range of environmental conditions typically encountered in the field and the resulting range of air density. The temperature stability in the area of the balance is discussed with the customer and the temperature range over which the balance calibration is valid is decided upon; the decision is based upon the uncertainty needs of the customer and the desired rigor in monitoring by the customer. Once the environmental limitations are decided, the calibration is performed and the measurement data is entered into a custom spreadsheet. The spreadsheet uses measurement results, along with the manufacturer’s specifications, to assign a direct-read measurement uncertainty to the balance. The fact that the assigned uncertainty is a best-case uncertainty is discussed with the customer; the assigned uncertainty contains no allowance for contributions associated with the unknown weighing sample, such as density, static charges, magnetism, etc. The attendee will learn uncertainty considerations associated with balance calibrations along with one method for assigning an uncertainty to a balance used for non-comparison measurements.

  6. Lighted display devices for producing static or animated visual displays, including animated facial features

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Heilbron, Valerie J; Clem, Paul G; Cook, Adam Wade

    2014-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    An illuminated display device with a base member with a plurality of cavities therein. Illumination devices illuminate the cavities and emit light through an opening of the cavities in a pattern, and a speaker can emit sounds in synchronization with the pattern. A panel with translucent portions can overly the base member and the cavities. An animated talking character can have an animated mouth cavity complex with multiple predetermined mouth lighting configurations simulative of human utterances. The cavities can be open, or optical waveguide material or positive members can be disposed therein. Reflective material can enhance internal reflectance and light emission.

  7. GPU rendering for autostereoscopic displays Francois de Sorbier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    GPU rendering for autostereoscopic displays Franc¸ois de Sorbier LABINFO-IGM UMR CNRS 8049. In the case of real-time computer graphics images, the standard approach consists in rendering every view displays in a single render- ing pass. Our algorithm is based on the fact that vertices properties remain

  8. A Taxonomy of Real and Virtual World Display Integration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milgram, Paul

    Chapter 1 A Taxonomy of Real and Virtual World Display Integration Paul Milgram Herman Colquhoun Jr and control- display mapping in Section 1.2. Finally, in Section 1.3, we present a taxonomy which we hope in terms of breadth. Most common appear to be those for which AR refers narrowly to the 1 #12;2 A Taxonomy

  9. The DNA binding activity of p53 displays reactiondiffusion kinetics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hinow, Peter

    The DNA binding activity of p53 displays reaction­diffusion kinetics 26th Southeastern 37240 The DNA binding activity of p53 displays reaction­diffusion kinetics ­ p. 1/2 #12;Collaborators, Vanderbilt University · Emmanuele DiBenedetto, PhD, Department of Mathematics, Vanderbilt University The DNA

  10. Electronic displays using optically pumped luminescent semiconductor nanocrystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weiss, Shimon; Schlamp, Michael C; Alivisatos, A. Paul

    2014-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A multicolor electronic display is based on an array of luminescent semiconductor nanocrystals. Nanocrystals which emit light of different colors are grouped into pixels. The nanocrystals are optically pumped to produce a multicolor display. Different sized nanocrystals are used to produce the different colors. A variety of pixel addressing systems can be used.

  11. Electronic displays using optically pumped luminescent semiconductor nanocrystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weiss, Shimon; Schlam, Michael C; Alivisatos, A. Paul

    2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A multicolor electronic display is based on an array of luminescent semiconductor nanocrystals. Nanocrystals which emit tight of different colors are grouped into pixels. The nanocrystals are optically pumped to produce a multicolor display. Different sized nanocrystals are used to produce the different colors. A variety of pixel addressing systems can be used.

  12. Electronic displays using optically pumped luminescent semiconductor nanocrystals

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Weiss, Shimon; Schlamp, Michael C.; Alivisatos, A. Paul

    2005-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A multicolor electronic display is based on an array of luminescent semiconductor nanocrystals. Nanocrystals which emit light of different colors are grouped into pixels. The nanocrystals are optically pumped to produce a multicolor display. Different sized nanocrystals are used to produce the different colors. A variety of pixel addressing systems can be used.

  13. Electronic displays using optically pumped luminescent semiconductor nanocrystals

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Weiss, Shimon (Pinole, CA); Schlamp, Michael C. (Plainsboro, NJ); Alivisatos, A. Paul (Oakland, CA)

    2011-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A multicolor electronic display is based on an array of luminescent semiconductor nanocrystals. Nanocrystals which emit light of different colors are grouped into pixels. The nanocrystals are optically pumped to produce a multicolor display. Different sized nanocrystals are used to produce the different colors. A variety of pixel addressing systems can be used.

  14. Electronic displays using optically pumped luminescent semiconductor nanocrystals

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Weiss, Shimon; Schlamp, Michael C.; Alivisatos, A. Paul

    2010-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A multicolor electronic display is based on an array of luminescent semiconductor nanocrystals. Nanocrystals which emit light of different colors are grouped into pixels. The nanocrystals are optically pumped to produce a multicolor display. Different sized nanocrystals are used to produce the different colors. A variety of pixel addressing systems can be used.

  15. Sequence Logos: A New Way to Display Consensus Sequences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Thomas D.

    Sequence Logos: A New Way to Display Consensus Sequences Thomas D. Schneider \\Lambday and R content of the sequences at that position. From these `sequence logos', one can determine not only) at every position in a site or sequence. The logo displays both significant residues and subtle sequence

  16. Sequence Logos: A New Way to Display Consensus Sequences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Thomas D.

    Sequence Logos: A New Way to Display Consensus Sequences Thomas D. Schneider y and R. Michael of the sequences at that position. From these `sequence logos', one can determine not only the consensus sequence in a site or sequence. The logo displays both signi cant residues and subtle sequence patterns. INTRODUCTION

  17. Illustrative Display of Hidden Iso-Surface Structures Jan Fischer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartz, Dirk

    Illustrative Display of Hidden Iso-Surface Structures Jan Fischer Visual Computing for Medicine is represented by black silhouettes and hatching. The second layer of the iso-surface is rendered as red is a widespread method for the display of volume datasets. It is based on the extraction of polygonal iso

  18. Interactive display system having a digital micromirror imaging device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Veligdan, James T.; DeSanto, Leonard; Brewster, Calvin

    2006-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A display system includes a waveguide optical panel having an inlet face and an opposite outlet face. A projector cooperates with a digital imaging device, e.g. a digital micromirror imaging device, for projecting an image through the panel for display on the outlet face. The imaging device includes an array of mirrors tiltable between opposite display and divert positions. The display positions reflect an image light beam from the projector through the panel for display on the outlet face. The divert positions divert the image light beam away from the panel, and are additionally used for reflecting a probe light beam through the panel toward the outlet face. Covering a spot on the panel, e.g. with a finger, reflects the probe light beam back through the panel toward the inlet face for detection thereat and providing interactive capability.

  19. Electro-optical switching and memory display device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Skotheim, T.A.; O'Grady, W.E.; Linkous, C.A.

    1983-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

    An electro-optical display device having a housing with wall means including one transparent wall and at least one other wall. Counter electrodes are positioned on the transparent wall and display electrodes are positioned on the other wall with both electrodes in electrically conductive relationship with an electrolyte. Circuits means are connected to the display and counter electrodes to apply different predetermined control potentials between them. The display electrodes are covered with a thin electrically conductive polymer film that is characterized according to the invention by having embedded in it pigment molecules as counter ions. The display device is operable to be switched to a plurality of different visual color states at an exceptionally rapid switching rate while each of the color states is characterized by possessing good color intensity and definition.

  20. [10] For a discussion of radical-radical couplings and radical cation electro-philic substitution pertinent to thiophene polymerizations, see: Y. Wei,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, München

    , even vacuum tubes in monitors and television sets might soon be outperformed by field-emission devices in flat panel displays, which are also seen as the most promising challenge to liquid crystal displays is silicon-on-insulator (SOI). The SOI wafers are highly n-doped by phosphorus diffusion from a solid dopant

  1. Bulk Phase Relations, Conductivity, and Transparency in Novel Bixbyite Transparent Conducting Oxide Solution in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R.

    /cm, mobilities of 28.3 cm2 /(V s), and carrier densities of 1.2 1021 .1 As areas increase in solar cells and flat electrodes in numerous applications such as photovoltaics, flat panel displays, heat reflective coatings panel displays, the electrode resistivity must decrease to prevent increased I2 R losses associated

  2. Earth Minerals Did you read chapter 29

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Gus

    1 Chapter 29 Earth Minerals Did you read chapter 29 before coming to class? A. Yes B. No Lets play that begins in Hawaii Other "Hot Spots" around the world The interior structure of Earth has been determined outer core #12;2 What is different on earth (as opposed to other planets)? Continents Why does

  3. WELCOME TO THE ELECTRONIC RESERVES COURSE READINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shrader-Frechette, Kristin

    WELCOME TO THE ELECTRONIC RESERVES COURSE READINGS NOTE: THIS MATERIAL MAY BE PROTECTED-489 File # 020702008_Shrader #12;Science versus educated guessing - risk assessment, nuclear waste is irrational and ignorant in fearing risks such as permanent disposal of radioactive waste. In recent

  4. POLICY NAME 1ST READING BY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    POLICY NAME 1ST READING BY FACULTY SENATE APPROVED BY FACULTY SENATE POSTED FOR PUBLIC COMMENT APPROVED BY PRES or PROVOST ADOPTED FINAL POLICY DESTINATION Student Pregnancy Leave Pending Regents Professor (Version 1) 01/26/2011 04/27/2011 Regents Professor (Version 2) 04/12/2012 Revised Policy

  5. Selective posttranslational modification of phage-displayed polypeptides

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tsao, Meng-Lin; Tian, Feng; Schultz, Peter

    2013-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention relates to posttranslational modification of phage-displayed polypeptides. These displayed polypeptides comprise at least one unnatural amino acid, e.g., an aryl-azide amino acid such as p-azido-L-phenylalanine, or an alkynyl-amino acid such as para-propargyloxyphenylalanine, which are incorporated into the phage-displayed fusion polypeptide at a selected position by using an in vivo orthogonal translation system comprising a suitable orthogonal aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase and a suitable orthogonal tRNA species. These unnatural amino acids advantageously provide targets for posttranslational modifications such as azide-alkyne [3+2] cycloaddition reactions and Staudinger modifications.

  6. Selective posttranslational modification of phage-displayed polypeptides

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tsao, Meng-Lin; Tian, Feng; Schultz, Peter

    2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention relates to posttranslational modification of phage-displayed polypeptides. These displayed polypeptides comprise at least one unnatural amino acid, e.g., an aryl-azide amino acid such as p-azido-L-phenylalanine, or an alkynyl-amino acid such as para-propargyloxyphenylalanine, which are incorporated into the phage-displayed fusion polypeptide at a selected position by using an in vivo orthogonal translation system comprising a suitable orthogonal aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase and a suitable orthogonal tRNA species. These unnatural amino acids advantageously provide targets for posttranslational modifications such as azide-alkyne [3+2]cycloaddition reactions and Staudinger modifications.

  7. Energy-efficient monitors: An overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norford, L.; Dandridge, C.; Bosko, K.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is reasonable to evaluate displays on the basis of the technology used to create an image: video displays that employ cathode-ray tubes (CRTs) versus several technologies that are used in flat-panel displays. This paper considers both monochrome and color displays, and determines their energy consumption on an equal area basis. It will also examine power management possibilities for both types of displays.

  8. The Evaluation and Use of Extensive Reading Materials 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tignanelli, Rosana

    2007-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The current investigation is based on the topic of “The evaluation and use of extensive reading materials”. Throughout this research, I attempted to find out whether a theory-based exploration on the evaluation and use of extensive reading...

  9. Release of DRAFT RFP Headquarters Reading Room Instructions/Guidelines

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Release of DRAFT RFP Headquarters Reading Room InstructionsGuidelines 1. Reading Room Points of Contact: 721 - 88, Mike Baehre, (202) 586-6575 89 - Close of Draft RFP, John...

  10. PAPILLON: Designing Curved Display Surfaces With Printed Optics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poupyrev, Ivan

    . It is based on 3D printed optics, where the surface of the display is constructed as a bundle of printed light Interfaces - Graphical user interfaces; Input devices and strategies. Keywords: 3D printing, fabrication

  11. Training Room Equipment Instructions Projector and TV Display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, T. Daniel

    Training Room Equipment Instructions Projector and TV Display The control panel on the wall are connected to a training room computer and room is equipped with a keyboard, mouse and clicker. Connect USB

  12. Displays take new shape: An agenda for future interactive surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benko, Hrvoje

    This workshop provides a forum for discussing emerging trends in interactive surfaces that leverage alternative display types and form factors to enable more expressive interaction with information. The goal of the workshop ...

  13. Tactual Display of Consonant Voicing to Supplement Lipreading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuan, Hanfeng

    2004-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This research is concerned with the development of tactual displays to supplement the information available through lipreading. Because voicing carries a high informational load in speech and is not well transmitted through ...

  14. acrab mutants display: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    This novel approach to display technology consists of arranging six organic light emitting diode screens in a cubic form factor. We ... Pla i Conesa, Pol 20 Advances in Brief...

  15. INTER-MOUNTAIN BASINS SHALE BADLAND extent exaggerated for display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTER-MOUNTAIN BASINS SHALE BADLAND R.Rondeau extent exaggerated for display ACHNATHERUM HYMENOIDES HERBACEOUS ALLIANCE Achnatherum hymenoides Shale Barren Herbaceous Vegetation ARTEMISIA BIGELOVII SHRUBLAND ALLIANCE Leymus salinus Shale Sparse Vegetation Overview: This widespread ecological system

  16. ROCKY MOUNTAIN ASPEN FOREST AND WOODLAND extent exaggerated for display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ROCKY MOUNTAIN ASPEN FOREST AND WOODLAND R.Rondeau extent exaggerated for display POPULUS. The herbaceous layers may be lush and diverse. Common graminoids may include Bromus ROCKY MOUNTAIN ASPEN WOODLAND

  17. A programmable pilot oriented display system for GA aircraft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Littlefield, James A.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a complete description of a digital flight data processing platform designed to support a range of airborne or flight simulator based experiments requiring the acquisition, processing, and display of ...

  18. Interactive display system having a matrix optical detector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Veligdan, James T.; DeSanto, Leonard

    2007-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A display system includes a waveguide optical panel having an inlet face and an opposite outlet face. An image beam is projected across the inlet face laterally and transversely for display on the outlet face. An optical detector including a matrix of detector elements is optically aligned with the inlet face for detecting a corresponding lateral and transverse position of an inbound light spot on the outlet face.

  19. Multifunctional recombinant phycobiliprotein-based fluorescent constructs and phycobilisome display

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Glazer, Alexander N.; Cai, Yuping

    2007-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention provides multifunctional fusion constructs which are rapidly incorporated into a macromolecular structure such as a phycobilisome such that the fusion proteins are separated from one another and unable to self-associate. The invention provides methods and compositions for displaying a functional polypeptide domain on an oligomeric phycobiliprotein, including fusion proteins comprising a functional displayed domain and a functional phycobiliprotein domain incorporated in a functional oligomeric phycobiliprotein. The fusion proteins provide novel specific labeling reagents.

  20. Multifunctional recombinant phycobiliprotein-based fluorescent constructs and phycobilisome display

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Glazer, Alexander N.; Cai, Yuping

    2007-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention provides multifunctional fusion constructs which are rapidly incorporated into a macromolecular structure such as a phycobilisome such that the fusion proteins are separated from one another and unable to self-associate. The invention provides methods and compositions for displaying a functional polypeptide domain on an oligomeric phycobiliprotein. including fusion proteins comprising a functional displayed domain and a functional phycobiliprotein domain incorporated in a functional oligomeric phycobiliprotein. The fusion proteins provide novel specific labeling reagents.

  1. Multifunctional recombinant phycobiliprotein-based fluorescent constructs and phycobilisome display

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Glazer, Alexander N.; Cai, Yuping

    2003-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention provides multifunctional fusion constructs which are rapidly incorporated into a macromolecular structure such as a phycobilisome such that the fusion proteins are separated from one another and unable to self-associate. The invention provides methods and compositions for displaying a functional polypeptide domain on an oligomeric phycobiliprotein, including fusion proteins comprising a functional displayed domain and a functional phycobiliprotein domain incorporated in a functional oligomeric phycobiliprotein. The fusion proteins provide novel specific labeling reagents.

  2. Change of Dissertation Adviser or Reading Committee Member Stanford University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, James

    Change of Dissertation Adviser or Reading Committee Member Stanford University Please address approval for a change of dissertation adviser, the addition or deletion of a doctoral dissertation reading of the dissertation. Policy: The reading committee must conform to University regulations at the time of degree

  3. Secure Compressed Reading in Smart Grids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Sheng; Chen, Minghua; Yan, Jianxin; Jaggi, Sidharth

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Smart Grids measure energy usage in real-time and tailor supply and delivery accordingly, in order to improve power transmission and distribution. For the grids to operate effectively, it is critical to collect readings from massively-installed smart meters to control centers in an efficient and secure manner. In this paper, we propose a secure compressed reading scheme to address this critical issue. We observe that our collected real-world meter data express strong temporal correlations, indicating they are sparse in certain domains. We adopt Compressed Sensing technique to exploit this sparsity and design an efficient meter data transmission scheme. Our scheme achieves substantial efficiency offered by compressed sensing, without the need to know beforehand in which domain the meter data are sparse. This is in contrast to traditional compressed-sensing based scheme where such sparse-domain information is required a priori. We then design specific dependable scheme to work with our compressed sensing based ...

  4. Method and apparatus for reading thermoluminescent phosphors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Braunlich, Peter F. (SW. 730 City View, Pullman, WA 99163); Tetzlaff, Wolfgang (Pullman, WA)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus and method for rapidly reading thermoluminescent phosphors to determine the amount of luminescent energy stored therein. The stored luminescent energy is interpreted as a measure of the total exposure of the thermoluminescent phosphor to ionizing radiation. The thermoluminescent phosphor reading apparatus uses a laser to generate a laser beam. The laser beam power level is monitored by a laser power detector and controlled to maintain the power level nearly constant. A shutter or other laser beam interrupting means is used to control exposure of the thermoluminescent phosphor to the laser beam. The laser beam can be equalized using an optical equalizer so that the laser beam has an approximately uniform power density across the beam. The heated thermoluminescent phosphor emits a visible or otherwise detectable luminescent emission which is measured as an indication of the radiation exposure of the thermoluminescent phosphors. Also disclosed are preferred signal processing and control circuits.

  5. Literaturlenz: Reading with Authors from Germany, Switzerland, and Austria Reading with Larissa Boehning, Monica Cantieni, and Linda Stift

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Literaturlenz: Reading with Authors from Germany, Switzerland, and Austria Reading with Larissa.m. Each year Literaturlenz brings authors from Germany, Switzerland, and Austria to the UW Campus. Each Boehning from Germany, Monica Cantieni from Switzerland, and Linda Stift of Austria. The readings

  6. Young and Older Adults’ Reading of Distracters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemper, Susan; McDowd, Joan; Metcalf, Kim; Liu, Chiung-Ju

    2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Psychology and Aging , 22, 84-94. Kemper, S., & McDowd, J. (2006). Eye movements of young and older adults while reading with distraction. Psychology and Aging, 21, 32-39. Kucera, H., & Francis, W.N. (1967). Computational Analysis of Present-Day American... English. Providence: Brown University Press. Lavie, N., (1995). Perceptual load as a necessary condition for selective attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 21, 451-468. Maylor, E. A., & Lavie, N. (1998...

  7. Reading the EIS on compact disc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection Radiation ProtectionRaising funds forAdvancedAdvancedReading

  8. SU-E-J-262: Segmentation in Therapy: Impact of Display

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sensakovic, W; Letter, H [Florida Hospital, Orlando, FL (United States); Pearson, E [The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To determine the calibration of monitors used for structure delineation in radiotherapy and to investigate the impact of window/level on the delineations. Method and Materials: hotometers were used to measure ambient light and luminance for 12 monitors used for delineating structures in radiotherapy. Luminance was determined using AAPM TG-18 patterns TG18-LN12-01 to TG18-LN12-18. The DICOM grayscale display function (GSDF) was calculated for each monitor. To investigate the impact of window and level eight observers each outlined two sets of structures (four structures per set) on CT simulation images. In the first set window and level were initialized at random values and the observers adjusted as needed. In the second set window and level were locked at preselected values for all observers. Results: Ambient light variability at different displays was 24% and was higher than radiology reading rooms. Monitor luminance curves were substantially different than the corresponding GSDF. Monitors demonstrated higher contrast than the GSDF in the lower third of driving levels and lower contrast in the upper third of driving levels. Increased contrast at low driving levels may be to compensate for high ambient light which would otherwise reduce contrast. Abrupt changes in luminance and loss of all contrast at both upper and lower driving levels was observed. Interobserver variability was 379HU for window and 217HU for level. Outline variability was lower when the window and level settings were similar and when they were preselected. Structures without sharp boundaries (e.g., partial volume and a wide window value) resulted in substantial interobserver variability even when window/level were preselected. Conclusion: Substantial variation in monitor calibration and ambient light exists in radiotherapy. Further, the substantially different window/level contributes to outline variability. Future work will quantify the contributions of monitor calibration and window/level on outline variability and accuracy.

  9. Producing EGS4 shower displays with the Unified Graphics System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cowan, R.F. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (USA). Lab. for Nuclear Science); Nelson, W.R. (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Menlo Park, CA (USA))

    1990-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The EGS4 Code System has been coupled with the SLAC Unified Graphics System in such a manner as to provide a means for displaying showers on UGS77-supported devices. This is most easily accomplished by attaching an auxiliary subprogram package (SHOWGRAF) to existing EGS4 User Codes and making use of a graphics display or a post-processor code called EGS4PL. SHOWGRAF may be used to create shower displays directly on interactive IBM 5080 color display devices, supporting three-dimensional rotations, translations, and zoom features, and providing illustration of particle types and energies by color and/or intensity. Alternatively, SHOWGRAF may be used to record a two-dimensional projection of the shower in a device-independent graphics file. The EGS4PL post-processor may then be used to convert this file into device-dependent graphics code for any UGS77-supported device. Options exist within EGS4PL that allow for two-dimensional translations and zoom, for creating line structure to indicate particle types and energies, and for optional display of particles by type. All of this is facilitated by means of the command processor EGS4PL EXEC together with new options (5080 and PDEV) with the standard EGS4IN EXEC routine for running EGS4 interactively under VM/SP. 6 refs.

  10. Polarization fields: dynamic light field display using multi-layer LCDs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lanman, Douglas

    We introduce polarization field displays as an optically-efficient design for dynamic light field display using multi-layered LCDs. Such displays consist of a stacked set of liquid crystal panels with a single pair of ...

  11. Final Report of Project Nanometer Structures for Fuel Cells and Displays, etc.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ji, Qing

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    panel displays, optical electronics, and clean energy technologies (solar and fuel cells,panel displays, optical electronics, clean energy technologies (solar and fuel cells,panel displays, optical electronics, clean energy technologies (solar and fuel cells,

  12. Updated Users' Guide for RSAP -- A Code for Display and Manipulation of Neutron Cross Section Data and SAMMY Fit Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sayer, R.O.

    2003-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    RSAP [1] is a computer code for display and manipulation of neutron cross section data and selected SAMMY output. SAMMY [2] is a multilevel R-matrix code for fitting neutron time-of-flight cross-section data using Bayes' method. This users' guide provides documentation for the recently updated RSAP code (version 6). The code has been ported to the Linux platform, and several new features have been added, including the capability to read cross section data from ASCII pointwise ENDF files as well as double-precision PLT output from SAMMY. A number of bugs have been found and corrected, and the input formats have been improved. Input items are parsed so that items may be separated by spaces or commas.

  13. DATA ACQUISITION, HANDLING, AND DISPLAY FOR THE HEATER EXPERIMENTS AT STRIPA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McEvoy, M.B.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    graphics terminal. Displays are defined by Display Controlgraphics software was designed to prompt users by presenting them with lists of options. Users control

  14. Interactive display system having a scaled virtual target zone

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Veligdan, James T.; DeSanto, Leonard

    2006-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A display system includes a waveguide optical panel having an inlet face and an opposite outlet face. A projector and imaging device cooperate with the panel for projecting a video image thereon. An optical detector bridges at least a portion of the waveguides for detecting a location on the outlet face within a target zone of an inbound light spot. A controller is operatively coupled to the imaging device and detector for displaying a cursor on the outlet face corresponding with the detected location of the spot within the target zone.

  15. Read: Nepali Publishing How is it Faring?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fineprint Bookclub

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Peace. A proposal for declaring Nepal as Free Port is made to generate massive infl ow of tourists from both India and China. Nothing empowers a person as much as a weapon. With the cue derived from the Maoists’ success in mobilizing the masses... a member: · You will get a copy of Read magazine for free · You can browse books on our website and buy them on 10 to 30 percent discounts and have them home de- livered to you for free?and save time and travel expenses · You can intellectually...

  16. DOE-ID FOIA Reading Room

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisitingContract Management Fermi SitePARTOffice ofHale Plan by(formerlyand5,Reading

  17. Public Reading Facilities | National Nuclear Security Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)IntegratedSpeedingTechnical News,Program90803| DepartmentPseudogaps,Point ThisReading

  18. Reading the Cosmic Writing on the Wall

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)IntegratedSpeedingTechnicalPurchase,Reaction-Driven Restructuring ofOSCARS CaseReading

  19. Reading Enterprise Hub | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, searchRay County, Missouri:ReSun Energy Pvt LtdReading

  20. TruRead | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga, Indiana (UtilityTri-State ElectricSolarTruRead Jump to: navigation,

  1. Policy Implications: Replacing the Reading TAKS Cut Scores with the Common Core Curriculum Reading Cut Scores on Three Middle School Campuses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thaemlitz, Kristi

    2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    reading rigor to ensure academic success is key for educators. Although Texas opted not to adopt the Common Core Curriculum Standards and the accompanying Stretch Lexile measures for reading that require higher reading levels at each grade, Texas educators...

  2. FRACTAL DESCRIPTION OF ROUGH SURFACES FOR HAPTIC DISPLAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    FRACTAL DESCRIPTION OF ROUGH SURFACES FOR HAPTIC DISPLAY A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT system using fractals. A background on traditional methods for describing surface roughness is given. Fractals are used to characterize one- dimensional surface profiles using two parameters, the amplitude

  3. ON THE IDENTIFICATION AND HAPTIC DISPLAY OF FRICTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    ON THE IDENTIFICATION AND HAPTIC DISPLAY OF FRICTION A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT by Christopher Richard All Rights Reserved #12;iv Abstract Although friction is an important phenomenon and greatly affects the way in which individ- uals interact with the world, friction is all but absent from

  4. Collaborative 3D Visualization on Large Screen Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbosa, Alberto

    reality (VR) system designed to support collaborative visualization of 3D environments, applied in collaborative work. This paper presents a system that uses remotely located wall sized displays, to offer immersive, interactive collaborative visualization and review of 3D CAD models for engineering applications

  5. Microporous Patterned Electrodes for Color-Matched Electrochromic Polymer Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanner, David B.

    Microporous Patterned Electrodes for Color-Matched Electrochromic Polymer Displays Pierre of electroactive and conducting polymers offers new opportunities for the design of materials for electrochromic the most promising electrochromic (EC) properties. Here, we report the use of highly porous metallized

  6. THE EFFECT OF FLORAL DISPLAY SIZE ON POLLINATOR VISITATION Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cavitt, John F.

    . Hence they achieve higher fitness through the female function (= seed production). Another hypothesis is heritable, and pollinator behavior can drive selection for large display size. Rubber Rabbitbrush inflorescences. The flowers are pollinated by a variety of insects. Flower production exceeds seed production

  7. ESSES 2003 2003, Carla Schlatter Ellis Display Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Carla

    1 ESSES 2003© 2003, Carla Schlatter Ellis Display Management: Sensing User Intention and Context (HOTOS 2003) 2ESSES 2003© 2003, Carla Schlatter Ellis Outline · Motivation and Research Objective · Face · Related Work ­ ACPI ­ Dark Windows #12;2 3ESSES 2003© 2003, Carla Schlatter Ellis Motivation · Current

  8. SMART PodiumTM 500 Interactive pen display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    register your SMART product, we'll notify you of new features and software upgrades. Register online environment. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed or disassemble the interactive pen display. You risk electrical shock from the high voltage inside the casing

  9. PDAs and Shared Public Displays: Making Personal Information Public,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Saul

    computers, where each device affords quite different personal and public acts. Norman [1,p53] defines devices containing specialised personal informa- tion, while single display groupware are highlypub- lic these two quite different devices. In essence, the problem is how people move their personal artefacts

  10. Topic 2: Backtracking andTopic 2: Backtracking and Recommended ReadingsRecommended Readings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephenson, Ben

    Recommended Readings ·· Chapter 3 from Programming in PrologChapter 3 from Programming in Prolog 2 Searching for the AnswerSearching for the Answer ·· Two notions of correctnessTwo notions of correctness ­­ Logical conjunction shouldn't matter ·· In practice, Prolog searches for an answerIn practice, Prolog searches

  11. Investigation of Energy-Efficient Supermarket Display Cases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, D.H.

    2005-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Supermarkets represent one of the largest energy-intensive building groups in the commercial sector, consuming 2 to 3 million kWh/yr per store (ES-1). Over half of this energy use is for the refrigeration of food display cases and storage coolers. Display cases are used throughout a supermarket for the merchandising of perishable food products. The cases are maintained at air temperatures ranging from -10 to 35 F, depending upon the type of product stored. The operating characteristics and energy requirements of the refrigeration system are directly related to the refrigeration load. The sources of the display case refrigeration load consist of: (1) Moist and warm air infiltration through the open front of the case--air curtains are employed to inhibit this infiltration, but some ambient air is entrained, which adds a substantial portion to the refrigeration load. (2) Heat conduction through case panels and walls. (3) Thermal radiation from the ambient to the product and display case interior. (4) Internal thermal loads--the use of lights, evaporator fans, periodic defrosts, and antisweat heaters adds to the refrigeration load of the display case as well as directly consuming electric energy. The impact of each of these elements on the refrigeration load is very dependent upon case type (Figure ES-1). For example, air infiltration is the most significant portion of the refrigeration load for open, multi-deck cases, while radiation is the largest part of the load for tub-type cases. The door anti-sweat heaters represent a major share of the refrigeration load for frozen food door reach-in cases. Figure ES-2 shows the distribution of display cases in a typical supermarket (ES-2). Open, multi-deck, medium temperature display cases typically comprise about half of the refrigerated fixtures in a store (ES-3). In addition, medium temperature fixtures and storage coolers account for roughly 70 to 75 percent of the total store refrigeration load with open, multi-deck cases contributing about 3/4 of that fraction. Consequently, the focus of this investigation has tilted toward the open, vertical, multi-deck medium temperature case type. Various technologies and control methods are energy efficiency measures (EEMs) that could be applied to display cases and result in the reduction of the refrigeration load and of the energy consumption of the supermarket refrigeration system. An extensive evaluation of the EEMs was conducted in order to select those that met the following criteria: (1) Near-term implementation--All EEMs considered could be implemented with existing refrigeration hardware and technology. (2) Potential for energy-efficiency improvements--Energy savings and/or refrigeration load reduction must be obtained by the implementation of the EEM. (3) Enhancement of the ability to maintain target product temperature--Proper operation of the display case and maintenance of the stored product temperature could not be compromised by the use of the EEM. The energy impact of a number of viable display case EEMs was quantified by performing whole building hourly simulations. A special version of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE-2.3) program was used to develop a model of a supermarket. The model was then calibrated using available end-use monitored data to increase confidence in simulation results.

  12. Science Arts & Mtiers (SAM) is an open access repository that collects the work of Arts et Mtiers ParisTech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    and physical properties. - Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells - Vol. 116, p.34-42. - 2013 Any correspondence,version1-3Jul2014 Author manuscript, published in "Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 116 (2013) 34 popular transparent conducting electrode used in thin-film photovoltaics, flat-panel display devices, due

  13. 52 MRS BULLETIN/AUGUST 2000 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for solar cells and flat-panel displays (FPDs). Automatically dimming rear-view mirrors for automobiles, invisible security circuits on windows, and transparent radio anten- nas built into automobile windows Roy G. Gordon Table I: History of Processes for MakingTransparent Conductors. Materials and Process

  14. Journal of the Korean Physical Society, Vol. 50, No. 3, March 2007, pp. 622625 Al-ZnO Thin Films as Transparent Conductive Oxides : Synthesis,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boo, Jin-Hyo

    , and low-tech applications, such as antistatic coatings, touch display panels, solar cells, flat panel exhibit n-type conduction. It is caused by a deviation from stoichiometry due to native defects-31-290-7075; Department of Chemistry, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440- 746 on glass substrates at different target

  15. Open Archive TOULOUSE Archive Ouverte (OATAO) OATAO is an open access repository that collects the work of Toulouse researchers and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mailhes, Corinne

    as for transparent electronics; thin-film solar cells2 and flat panel displays3,4 are typical applica- tions of samples deposited at different pressures, which provides an insight into the defect surface properties. ZnO is an n-type semiconductor with a wide direct band gap energy of 3.37 eV at room

  16. ZnO transparent thin films for gas sensor applications M. Suchea a,b,, S. Christoulakis a,b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in solar cells and flat panel displays as well as for the fabrication of gratings in optoelectronic de analysis of thin films sputtered from a ceramic target has shown a completely different surface behavior of the earliest discovered metal oxide gas sensing materials. It is an n-type semiconductor of wurtzite structure

  17. 335Nanostructured ZnO and ZAO transparent thin films by sputteringsurface characterization Corresponding author: M. Suchea, e-mail: mirasuchea@iesl.forth.gr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as transparent electrode in solar cells and flat panel displays as well as for the fabrication of gratings Abstract. Zinc oxide (ZnO) and aluminum zinc oxide (ZAO) transparent thin films with different thickness Zinc oxide is one of the earliest discovered metal oxide gas sensing materials. It is an n-type semi

  18. The U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory P.O. Box 5000 Upton, NY 11973 631 344-2345 www.bnl.gov For more than 60

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    natural bacteria to clean up environmental pollution and purify crude oil · Developed new techniques for construction and road repair · Designed polyplanar (flat panel) video display screen · Developed a recyclable,000 visiting researchers from universities, industry, and other labs worldwide take advantage of BNL's unique

  19. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque Cl, supplment au n10, Tome 43, octobre 1982 page Cl-35}

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    circuits used in flat-panel displays. Such films have been successfully formed by selective melting from the melt with a resultant large increase in the average grain size. In these experiments a laser} MICROELECTRONICS APPLICATIONS OF DEPOSITED Si FILMS RECRYSTALLIZED FROM THE MELT G.K. Celler and L.E. Trimble Bell

  20. Transmittance from visible to mid infra-red in AZO films grown by atomic layer deposition system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanner, David B.

    found applications in thin film photovoltaics such as CdTe and CIGS based solar cells (Dhere et al for solar cells, flat panel displays, LCD electrodes, touch panel transparent contacts and IR win- dows Westgate a , D.I. Koukis b , D.J. Arenas c , D.B. Tanner b a Center for Autonomous Solar Power, Binghamton

  1. pubs.acs.org/cmPublished on Web 08/09/2010r 2010 American Chemical Society Chem. Mater. 2010, 22, 49394949 4939

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of applications in solar energy conversion systems, optoelectronic devi- ces, electrodes of flat-panel displays and touch panels, selective filters for solar thermal collectors, spectrally selec- tive windows of magnitude as the Sn/In atomic ratio increases from 0 to 0.1. After heating in air at 600 °C, 200-300 nm

  2. www.sciencemag.org SCIENCE VOL 312 16 JUNE 2006 1593 CREDITS(TOPTOBOTTOM):I-CHUNCHENG/PRINCETONUNIVERSITY;UIUC NEWSFOCUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    everywhere from flat-panel televi- sions to solar cells. But the devices are still typically deposited on top solar cells and roll-up displays. Yet despite a few commercial successes such as small mobile phone by heating slabs of material to a vapor at several hundred degrees Celsius. The white-hot vapor

  3. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 87, 064105 (2013) Complex crystallization dynamics in amorphous germanium observed with dynamic transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Tmc). This fact has been exploited for the fabrication of solar cells, flat panel displays, and IR or electron beam heating is a remarkably complex process that involves several distinct modes of crystal detectors where thin amorphous films are rapidly crystallized by appropriate laser or electron beam heating

  4. National Center for Advanced Information Components Manufacturing. Program summary report, Volume II

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Center for Advanced Information Components Manufacturing focused on manufacturing research and development for flat panel displays, advanced lithography, microelectronics, and optoelectronics. This report provides an overview of the program, program history, summaries of the technical projects, and key program accomplishments.

  5. P-129 / J. X. Sun P-129: Highly Efficient Stacked OLED Employing New Anode-Cathode Layer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in flat panel displays as well as in solid state lighting [2]. Research on how to improve the device device. Conductive material such as ITO or insulative material such as V2O5 or F4-TCNQ has been used evaporation in a four-chamber deposition system. The whole fabrication process was carried out in vacuum

  6. New approach to manufacturing field emitter arrays with sub-half-micron gate apertures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jong Duk

    insulator by local oxidation of silicon LOCOS , resulting in the reduction of the gate hole size due. Considering the cathode current level required for flat panel display applications and the measured emission-to-peak. © 1996 American Vacuum Society. I. INTRODUCTION Recently, much attention1,2 has been given to studying

  7. Europhys. Lett., 69 (4), pp. 583587 (2005) DOI: 10.1209/epl/i2004-10386-y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medvedeva, Julia E.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ), nanoporous Ca12Al14O33, with those of the conventional TCOs (such as Sc-doped CdO) indicates), flat-panel displays, energy supply (solar cells) and energy conservation ("smart" windows) devices of undoped and 12.5% Sc-doped CdO using the full-potential linearized augmented plane-wave method [6] (FLAPW

  8. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, VOL. 40, NO. 5, MAY 2012 1265 Guest Editorial: Special Issue on Plenary and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harilal, S. S.

    ) charged particle beams and sources; 4) high- energy-density plasma applications; 5) industrial, commercial energy, coherent light sources, flat-panel displays, coatings, surface modification, microscopic) received the B.Sc. and M.Sc. degrees in nuclear engineering from Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt

  9. 134 www.pv-tech.org Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schiff, Eric A.

    of attention as a material for the low-cost manufacture of solar cells and panels. Silicon is non-area flat panel displays, proving that the deposition of solar cell material over a large area should in building- integrated photovoltaic structures (Fig. 1). The production of solar panels using thin

  10. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV CZ-831 Colloque C2, suppl. au Journal de Physique 11, Vol 1, septembre 1991

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    into the PCVD chamber. Though these shortcomings are minor in a solar cell application, they cause serious while it is as low as lOOQcm f o r solar cells. Since these shortcomings a r e caused by plasma, plasma) in flat-panel displays./l/ Plasma-enhanced CVD (PCVD)/2/ is the most representative method for low

  11. Nanotubes, Nanowires and Nano-electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pulfrey, David L.

    composites have applications in integrated circuits, photonics, solar cells, and displays. ECE professor promising light sensitivity, and which could be used for developing future solar cells. Advances in Nano industrial uses. One potential application for single-walled nanotubes is electron emitters for flat-panel

  12. Microstructure and Light-Scattering Properties of ZnO:Al Films Prepared Using a Two-Step Process through the Control of Oxygen Pressure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Byungwoo

    in a variety of optoelectric devices, such as flat panel displays and thin-film solar cells.1­3) Among the various TCOs, ZnO:Al has been the object of significant research activities for Si thin-film solar cell

  13. P H Y S I K A L I S C H E S K O L L O Q U I U M E I N LA D U N G

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peinke, Joachim

    -crystalline Si thin film solar cells bare the potential to overcome limits of the Si thin-film solar cell based thin film solar cells towards large scale application. Einladender: Prof. Dr. Carsten Agert #12; chemical vapour deposition) equipment which was developed and scaled-up for flat panel display applications

  14. 2396 Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2007, Vol. 28, No. 12 Young Ran Park et al. Hydrogenated In-doped ZnO Thin Films for the New Anode Material of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boo, Jin-Hyo

    , and are often used in photoelectronic devices such as solar cells and flat panel displays (FPDs).2,3 Tin the photoanode of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs).13,14 In the last decade, moreover, ZnO films doped

  15. Piezo-Phototronic Effect on Electroluminescence Properties of p-Type GaN Thin Films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    on ZnO nanowires, such as photocells,10 solar cells,11 and light-emitting diodes.12 So far, there have-emitting diodes, laser diodes, flat-panel display devices, and so forth.1-5 Recently, wurtzite-structured Ga

  16. With its emphasis on problem-solving skills, quantitative analysis and teamwork, a chemical engineering education also provides an excellent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    inexpensive solar cells, new materials for fuel cells, lighter and stronger composites for transportation, etc in flat-panel displays to the batteries that keep your cell phone working. PETROCHEMICALS: Crude oil such as catalytic converters, fuel cells, and photovoltaic devices and by developing more efficient processing

  17. Single crystal growth and heteroepitaxy of polyacene thin films on arbitrary substrates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Headrick, Randall L.

    in a number of low-cost, large area electronic applications such as flat panel displays. Organic thin film as other substrates.6-12 Recently, significant progress has been made towards fabricating high quality is to prepare single crystal films on arbitrary substrates. Here we describe two significant advances towards

  18. accurate short read: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Binocular Disparity in Dyslexic CiteSeer Summary: Children with developmental dyslexia show reading impairment compared to their peers, despite being matched on IQ,...

  19. als7 open reading: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Binocular Disparity in Dyslexic CiteSeer Summary: Children with developmental dyslexia show reading impairment compared to their peers, despite being matched on IQ,...

  20. Reading Municipal Light Department- Business Lighting Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Reading Municipal Light Department (RMLD) offers incentives for non-residential customers to install energy efficient lights and sensors in existing facilities. In addition to rebates for the...

  1. Chameleon: Color Transformation on OLED Displays Mian Dong, and Lin Zhong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhong, Lin

    system energy consumers in mobile systems. Emerging organic light-emitting diode (OLED)-based displays

  2. A Sliding-Window Approach to Supporting On-Line Interactive Display for Continuous Media1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Ye-In

    A Sliding-Window Approach to Supporting On-Line Interactive Display for Continuous Media1 Chien the overhead, in this paper, we will propose a sliding window approach to supporting interactive display subobjects for display in a sliding window. For the way of interactive display described above, in which

  3. SHALE: An Efficient Algorithm for Allocation of Guaranteed Display Advertising

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharadwaj, Vijay; Ma, Wenjing; Nagarajan, Chandrashekhar; Tomlin, John; Vassilvitskii, Sergei; Vee, Erik; Yang, Jian

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated by the problem of optimizing allocation in guaranteed display advertising, we develop an efficient, lightweight method of generating a compact {\\em allocation plan} that can be used to guide ad server decisions. The plan itself uses just O(1) state per guaranteed contract, is robust to noise, and allows us to serve (provably) nearly optimally. The optimization method we develop is scalable, with a small in-memory footprint, and working in linear time per iteration. It is also "stop-anytime", meaning that time-critical applications can stop early and still get a good serving solution. Thus, it is particularly useful for optimizing the large problems arising in the context of display advertising. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our algorithm using actual Yahoo! data.

  4. Dose factor entry and display tool for BNCT radiotherapy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wessol, Daniel E. (Bozeman, MT); Wheeler, Floyd J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Cook, Jeremy L. (Greeley, CO)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A system for use in Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) radiotherapy planning where a biological distribution is calculated using a combination of conversion factors and a previously calculated physical distribution. Conversion factors are presented in a graphical spreadsheet so that a planner can easily view and modify the conversion factors. For radiotherapy in multi-component modalities, such as Fast-Neutron and BNCT, it is necessary to combine each conversion factor component to form an effective dose which is used in radiotherapy planning and evaluation. The Dose Factor Entry and Display System is designed to facilitate planner entry of appropriate conversion factors in a straightforward manner for each component. The effective isodose is then immediately computed and displayed over the appropriate background (e.g. digitized image).

  5. Aerogels: A new material for emissive display applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glauser, S.A.C. [California Univ., Davis, CA (United States); Lee, H.W.H. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The remarkable optical and electronic properties of doped and undoped silica aerogels establish their utility as unique, multifunctional host materials for fluorescent dyes and other luminescent materials for display and imaging applications. We present results on the photoluminescence and absorption of undoped silica aerogels and aerogels doped with Er{sup 3+}, rhodamine 6G (R6G), and fluorescein. We also demonstrate evidence of Fowler-Nordheim tunneling of electrons in aerogels. 4 refs., 10 figs.

  6. SLAC Large Detector (SLD) Image and Event Display Collections

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Perl, Joseph; Cowan, Ray; Johnson, Tony

    The SLD makes use of the unique capabilities of the Stanford Linear Collider (SLC) to perform studies of polarized Z particles produced in collisions between electrons and positrons. The SLD Event Display Collection shows computer generated pictures of a number of Z particle decays as reconstructed by the SLD detector. More than 90 images, each in several formats, captured from 1991 - 1996 events, are archived here. There are also figures and data plots available.

  7. Tonopah Test Range EGS graphics tracking display system: HP370

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyer, R.H.; Bauhs, K.C.

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the HP370 component of the Enhanced Graphics System (EGS) used at Tonopah Test Range (TTR). Selected Radar data is fed into the computer systems and the resulting tracking symbols are displayed on high-resolution video monitors in real time. These tracking symbols overlay background maps and are used for monitoring/controlling various flight vehicles. This report discusses both the operational aspects and the internal configuration of the HP370 Workstation portion of the EGS system.

  8. A comparison of nuclear reactor control room display panels 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowers, Frances Renae

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Evaluation Procedure 14 15 16 17 28 Analysis. 35 III RESULTS. 37 Discussion. 43 IV CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Recommendations REFERENCES 50 51 54 APPENDIX A: REACTOR OPERATOR INFORMATION PACKAGE. . . . . 57 APPENDIX B: AGN-201 STANDARD... related to human factors included poor training, inaccessibility or unavailability of pertinent information, copious amounts of unusable information and obscured displays. Since the Three Mile Island (TMI) accident, the U. S. Nuclear Regulatory...

  9. Dalhousie Libraries e-Reserves Service Library Readings in OWL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dellaire, Graham

    will look like this: #12;Dalhousie Libraries can Provide URLs to these Types of Electronic MaterialDalhousie Libraries e-Reserves Service Library Readings in OWL #12;Course Reserves Faculty now have 2 options for Reserve materials: NEW Option: Upload a course reading list and Library staff will

  10. Reading Tea Leaves: How Humans Interpret Topic Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd-Graber, Jordan

    Gerrish Chong Wang David M. Blei NIPS 2009 Dec 9th, 2009 Princeton University Identity Guidelines, Blei Reading Tea Leaves #12;Topic Models in a Nutshell From an input corpus words to topics Forget, Blei Reading Tea Leaves #12;Topic Models in a Nutshell From an input corpus words to topics computer

  11. Minnesota Center for Reading ResearchResearchtoPolicyBrief

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciocan-Fontanine, Ionut

    Minnesota Center for Reading ResearchResearchtoPolicyBrief Making Sense of Dyslexia What is Dyslexia? The American Psychiatric Association (2000) defined dyslexia as reading achievement that impairments. The term "dyslexia" is a medical term. Schools do not use the term "dyslexia." Instead, special

  12. Read-out electronics for DC squid magnetic measurements

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ganther, Jr., Kenneth R. (Olathe, KS); Snapp, Lowell D. (Independence, MO)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Read-out electronics for DC SQUID sensor systems, the read-out electronics incorporating low Johnson noise radio-frequency flux-locked loop circuitry and digital signal processing algorithms in order to improve upon the prior art by a factor of at least ten, thereby alleviating problems caused by magnetic interference when operating DC SQUID sensor systems in magnetically unshielded environments.

  13. POWERWALL: International Workshop on Interactive, Ultra-High-Resolution Displays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rooney, Chris; Endert, Alexander; Fekete, Jean-Daniel; Hornbaek, Kasper; North, Chris

    2013-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Ultra-high-resolution (Powerwall) displays are becoming increasingly popular due to the ever decreasing cost of hardware. As a result they are appearing more frequently in research institutes, and making the jump out of the lab and into industry. Due to the amount of work in this research area that has been published in CHI over the last few years, we felt that this confernece would be the ideal host for the first opportunity for both academics and practitioners in this field to get together.

  14. Affinity+: Semi-Structured Brainstorming on Large Displays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burtner, Edwin R.; May, Richard A.; Scarberry, Randall E.; LaMothe, Ryan R.; Endert, Alexander

    2013-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Affinity diagraming is a powerful method for encouraging and capturing lateral thinking in a group environment. The Affinity+ Concept was designed to improve the collaborative brainstorm process through the use of large display surfaces in conjunction with mobile devices like smart phones and tablets. The system works by capturing the ideas digitally and allowing users to sort and group them on a large touch screen manually. Additionally, Affinity+ incorporates theme detection, topic clustering, and other processing algorithms that help bring structured analytic techniques to the process without requiring explicit leadership roles and other overhead typically involved in these activities.

  15. Widget:DisplayForGroup | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri GlobalJump to:WestwoodCreatePage Jump to: navigation,DisplayForGroup

  16. Widget:FormFieldsDisplayToggle | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri GlobalJump to:WestwoodCreatePageFormFieldsDisplayToggle Jump to:

  17. Property:Integrated Display/Graphics | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska:PrecourtOid JumpEligSysSize JumpTechDsc Jump to:IndDisplay/Graphics

  18. Effects of Orthographic Depth on Literacy Performance: Reading Comprehension Difficulties Across Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClung, Nicola Ann

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Specific reading disability (dyslexia): What have we learnedThe nature and causes of dyslexia in different languages. Inreading deficit in developmental dyslexia: A review. Reading

  19. Rnnotator: an automated de novo transcriptome assembly pipeline from stranded RNA-Seq reads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jeffrey

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    transcriptome assembly pipeline from stranded RNA-Seq readsRnnotator assembly pipeline. Figure 2. Read dereplicationan automated software pipeline that generates transcript

  20. Programmable window : a large-scale transparent electronic display using SPD film

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramos, Martin (Ramos Rizo-Patron)

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research demonstrates that Suspended Particle Device (SPD) film is a viable option for the development of large-scale transparent display systems. The thesis analyzes the SPD film from an architectural display application ...

  1. Characterization of the mechanical properties of tactors used in tactile displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Held, David (David A.)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pancake motors used in a tactile display were analyzed to understand the characteristics of their operation, as well as to suggest improvements in the design of the display. The frequencies and forces produced by unencased ...

  2. A color spatial display based on a Raster framebuffer and varifocal mirror

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carson, Kenneth M

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A very simple 30 color display has been constructed. It consists of a 20 display viewed in a rapidly vibrating varifocal mirror. The changing focal length of the mirror is responsible for providing the depth; when the ...

  3. Chameleon: A Color-Adaptive Web Browser for Mobile OLED Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhong, Lin

    }@rice.edu ABSTRACT Displays based on organic light-emitting diode (OLED) technology are appearing on many mobile

  4. MODERN DISPLAYS: WHY WE SEE DIFFERENT COLORS, AND WHAT IT MEANS? Abhijit Sarkar1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    MODERN DISPLAYS: WHY WE SEE DIFFERENT COLORS, AND WHAT IT MEANS? Abhijit Sarkar1,2 , Laurent Blondé

  5. Andrew Mahlstadt Literature and the Mountains recommended reading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Andrew Mahlstadt Literature and the Mountains ­ recommended reading Critical works on mountains", in The Adventures of Ghanada (Premendra Mitra) A River Runs through it (Norman Maclean) "Brokeback Mountain" (Annie

  6. Learning Hierarchical Plans by Reading Simple English Dustin Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herr, Hugh

    Learning Hierarchical Plans by Reading Simple English Narratives Dustin Smith MIT Media Lab Cambridge, MA USA dsmit@mit.edu Kenneth Arnold MIT Media Lab Cambridge, MA USA kcarnold@mit.edu ABSTRACT We

  7. March 2006 87 recently read Thomas L. Fried-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul, JoAnn M.

    March 2006 87 I recently read Thomas L. Fried- man's book, The World Is Flat: A Brief History- ded systems as computers interacting with noncomputer, physical systems such as automobiles and power

  8. Reading Municipal Light Department- Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Reading Municipal Light Department (RMLD) offers energy efficiency incentives to eligible commercial and industrial customers. Rebates of up to $50,000 are available to customers who wish to reduce...

  9. HEART SMART NUTRITION Heart Smart Shopping & Label Reading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lesson 3 HEART SMART NUTRITION Heart Smart Shopping & Label Reading What's the first step in fat. Your goal is to eat a diet lower in saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol. The National Heart

  10. Reading Municipal Light Department- Residential ENERGY STAR Appliance Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Reading Municipal Light Department (RMLD) offers rebates to residential customers who install Energy Star appliances in eligible homes. The offer is limited to one rebate per appliance or a maximum...

  11. Klara Hitler's Son: Reading the Langer Report on Hitler's Mind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spark, Clare L.

    1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) who frowned upon Melville/ Ahab the Hebraic moralist were simultaneously involved in the creation of propaganda during the Roosevelt administration. Neither antisemitism in the Melville Revival nor Murray's Jungian reading of Hitler's soma and psyche...

  12. A description and evaluation of light-emitting diode displays for generation of visual stimuli*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massaro, Dominic

    A description and evaluation of light-emitting diode displays for generation of visual stimuli 53706 A description of the design and function of light-emitting diode (LED) display modules is given (Time, April 1972). Light-emitting diodes (L~Ds) are examples of these spin-offs, LED display devices

  13. Eye Contact Communication System between Mobile Robots Using Invisible Code Display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Eye Contact Communication System between Mobile Robots Using Invisible Code Display Takeru Furukawa on displays which show an expression of robot's eyes. Keywords: 2D code, polarized invisible code, polarized light control, LCD display 1 Introduction "The eyes are eloquent as the tongue." This proverb means

  14. Fast Constructive-Solid Geometry Display in the Pixel-Powers Graphics System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    Fast Constructive-Solid Geometry Display in the Pixel-Powers Graphics System · Technical Report 86 for PublieatioD #12;Fast Constructive-Solid Geometry Display In the Pixel-Powers Graphics System Jack Goldfeather Hill ABSTRACT We present two algorithms for the display of CSG-defined objects on Pixel-Powers

  15. Tailored Displays to Compensate for Visual Aberrations Vitor F. Pamplona1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aliaga, Daniel G.

    optics are performed. We propose tailored displays for daily tasks where using eyeglasses are unfeasible-order aberrations that eyeglasses are not able to. Keywords: tailored displays, optics, light-field displays Links-standard eyesight. Acuity enhance- ment options range from simple eyeglasses to laser eye surgery. Wearable optical

  16. UNC is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Institution. The Visual Display Transformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    GI LL UM · ·· LUX LIBERTAS The Visual Display Transformation for Virtual Reality Warren Robinett-02170. #12;2 The Visual Display Transformation for Virtual Reality Warren Robinett* Richard Holloway Abstract The visual display transformation for virtual reality (VR) systems is typically much more complex

  17. UNC is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Institution. The Visual Display Transformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Jonathan

    GI LL UM ¥ ¥¥ LUX LIBERTAS The Visual Display Transformation for Virtual Reality Warren Robinett-02170. #12;2 The Visual Display Transformation for Virtual Reality Warren Robinett* Richard Holloway Abstract The visual display transformation for virtual reality (VR) systems is typically much more complex

  18. Stable and metastable nanowires displaying locally controllable properties

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sutter, Eli Anguelova; Sutter, Peter Werner

    2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Vapor-liquid-solid growth of nanowires is tailored to achieve complex one-dimensional material geometries using phase diagrams determined for nanoscale materials. Segmented one-dimensional nanowires having constant composition display locally variable electronic band structures that are determined by the diameter of the nanowires. The unique electrical and optical properties of the segmented nanowires are exploited to form electronic and optoelectronic devices. Using gold-germanium as a model system, in situ transmission electron microscopy establishes, for nanometer-sized Au--Ge alloy drops at the tips of Ge nanowires (NWs), the parts of the phase diagram that determine their temperature-dependent equilibrium composition. The nanoscale phase diagram is then used to determine the exchange of material between the NW and the drop. The phase diagram for the nanoscale drop deviates significantly from that of the bulk alloy.

  19. Plasmids and packaging cell lines for use in phage display

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bradbury, Andrew M.

    2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention relates to a novel phagemid display system for packaging phagemid DNA into phagemid particles which completely avoids the use of helper phage. The system of the invention incorporates the use of bacterial packaging cell lines which have been transformed with helper plasmids containing all required phage proteins but not the packaging signals. The absence of packaging signals in these helper plasmids prevents their DNA from being packaged in the bacterial cell, which provides a number of significant advantages over the use of both standard and modified helper phage. Packaged phagemids expressing a protein or peptide of interest, in fusion with a phage coat protein such as g3p, are generated simply by transfecting phagemid into the packaging cell line.

  20. Versatile microbial surface-display for environmental remediation and biofuels production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Cindy H.; Mulchandani, Ashok; Chen, wilfred

    2008-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Surface display is a powerful technique that utilizes natural microbial functional components to express proteins or peptides on the cell exterior. Since the reporting of the first surface-display system in the mid-1980s, a variety of new systems have been reported for yeast, Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Non-conventional display methods are emerging, eliminating the generation of genetically modified microorganisms. Cells with surface display are used as biocatalysts, biosorbents and biostimulants. Microbial cell-surface display has proven to be extremely important for numerous applications ranging from combinatorial library screening and protein engineering to bioremediation and biofuels production.

  1. JOURNAL OF DISPLAY TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 9, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2013 87 Time-Multiplexed Dual-View Display Using a Blue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    Using a Blue Phase Liquid Crystal Jian-Peng Cui, Yan Li, Jin Yan, Hui-Chuan Cheng, and Qiong-Hua Wang Abstract--A time-multiplexed dual-view display device using a blue phase liquid crystal is proposed. In this design, a vertical field switching blue phase liquid crystal display (VFS-BPLCD) panel is used to achieve

  2. Engagement in Reading and Access to Print: The Relationship of Home and School to Overall Reading Achievement Among Fourth Grade English Speakers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allaith, Zainab A.

    2013-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The present study puts forward two models which examine the relationship between at home at school variables of (1) engagement in shared and independent reading and (2) access to print with reading achievement. Participants were fourth grade English...

  3. Quantum vs. Classical Read-once Branching Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin Sauerhoff

    2005-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper presents the first nontrivial upper and lower bounds for (non-oblivious) quantum read-once branching programs. It is shown that the computational power of quantum and classical read-once branching programs is incomparable in the following sense: (i) A simple, explicit boolean function on 2n input bits is presented that is computable by error-free quantum read-once branching programs of size O(n^3), while each classical randomized read-once branching program and each quantum OBDD for this function with bounded two-sided error requires size 2^{\\Omega(n)}. (ii) Quantum branching programs reading each input variable exactly once are shown to require size 2^{\\Omega(n)} for computing the set-disjointness function DISJ_n from communication complexity theory with two-sided error bounded by a constant smaller than 1/2-2\\sqrt{3}/7. This function is trivially computable even by deterministic OBDDs of linear size. The technically most involved part is the proof of the lower bound in (ii). For this, a new model of quantum multi-partition communication protocols is introduced and a suitable extension of the information cost technique of Jain, Radhakrishnan, and Sen (2003) to this model is presented.

  4. Holographic Labeling And Reading Machine For Authentication And Security Appications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Weber, David C. (Rancho Santa Margarita, CA); Trolinger, James D. (Costa Mesa, CA)

    1999-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A holographic security label and automated reading machine for marking and subsequently authenticating any object such as an identification badge, a pass, a ticket, a manufactured part, or a package is described. The security label is extremely difficult to copy or even to read by unauthorized persons. The system comprises a holographic security label that has been created with a coded reference wave, whose specification can be kept secret. The label contains information that can be extracted only with the coded reference wave, which is derived from a holographic key, which restricts access of the information to only the possessor of the key. A reading machine accesses the information contained in the label and compares it with data stored in the machine through the application of a joint transform correlator, which is also equipped with a reference hologram that adds additional security to the procedure.

  5. ac-plasma display panel: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: crystal, 12;ferro-electric liquid crystal, plasma panel, and light emitting diode displays. In our, they are presently only available in developer kits. Light...

  6. A Mapping Function for Variable-Scale Maps in Small-Display Cartography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrie, Lars

    of presenting geodata for personal navigation using small-display mobile devices. Ideally, the user should have for personal navigation using mobile devices are discussed. #12;

  7. The Cultural Power of Law? Conjunctive Readings Bill Maurer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brody, James P.

    The Cultural Power of Law? Conjunctive Readings Bill Maurer Sally Merry's (1999) Colonizing Hawai'i: The Cultural Power of Law provides a compelling account of the cultural transformation of the Kingdom of Hawaii: Adulterers had the ``choice'' to work off their sentences by building roads for the chiefs. And people deemed

  8. CE 668 Urban Public Transportation Systems Reading List

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    1 CE 668 Urban Public Transportation Systems Reading List General Reference Alan Black, Urban Mass Transportation Planning. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1995. Canadian Urban Transit Association, The Canadian Transit.), Public Transportation. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1992. Vukan Vuchic, Urban Public Transportation

  9. Functional Genomics: It's All How You Read It

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boguski, Mark S.

    Functional Genomics: It's All How You Read It Philip Hieter and Mark Boguski "Functional genomics to functional genomics? An informal poll of colleagues indicates that the term is widely used, but has many genomics websites that have sprung up over the last 12 months clearly demonstrates that interpretations

  10. Energy From the Sun ( Rookie Read About Science)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, Shigemi

    Energy From the Sun ( Rookie Read About Science) By Alan Fowler Age Range: 5 and up Grade Level Series: Green Power Hardcover: 64 pages Bibliography Solar Power (Energy for Today) Age Range: 7 and up Grade Level: 2 and up Series: Energy for Today Paperback: 24 pages Done In The Sun Anne Hillerman Age

  11. Optical fuel pin scanner. [Patent application; for reading identifications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kirchner, T.L.; Powers, H.G.

    1980-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This patent relates to an optical identification system developed for post-irradiation disassembly and analysis of fuel bundle assemblies. The apparatus is designed to be lowered onto a stationary fuel pin to read identification numbers or letters imprinted on the circumference of the top fuel pin and cap. (DLC)

  12. Urban Pollution Control Strategies Reading: pages 422-437

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    ATOC 3500 Urban Pollution Control Strategies Reading: pages 422-437 Details to come #12;#12;Urban Pollution Control Strategies What we know so far: · Different regions have different issues, but two types, warm, NOx, HCs, ozone, CO) · Pollution is made worse by meteorological conditions called "inversions

  13. Light and Matter: Reading Messages from the Cosmos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crenshaw, Michael

    1 Chapter 5 Light and Matter: Reading Messages from the Cosmos How do we experience light? · The warmth of sunlight tells us that light is a form of energy · We can measure the amount of energy emitted ) Colors of Light · White light is made up of many different colors How do light and matter interact

  14. Unlocking Short Read Sequencing for Metagenomics Sebastien Rodrigue.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Entekhabi, Dara

    and computational pipeline yielding millions of reads that can exceed 200 bp with quality scores approaching that of traditional Sanger sequencing. The method combines an automatable gel-less library construction step (FQRNT) (www.fqrnt.gouv.qc.ca). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis

  15. Knowledge Transfer Centre University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, RG6 6AH Tel: +44 (0)118 378 8628 Email: workingwithbusiness@reading.ac.uk www.reading.ac.uk/working-with-business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reading, University of

    -house knowledge Brownell, a mall industrial enterprise, required access to expertise in polymer science. e Board ns. The University of Reading has research expertise in polymer and materials science, humidity indicators, pressure relief v purge systems that prevent moisture and atmosphe electronic optic

  16. Spheree: A 3D Perspective-Corrected Interactive Spherical Scalable Display Ferreira, F.q

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    British Columbia, University of

    models can be exported or printed on a 3D printer. Other related 3D displays include: 1. pCubee [StavnessSpheree: A 3D Perspective-Corrected Interactive Spherical Scalable Display Ferreira, F.q , Cabral & U of British Columbia (a) (b) (c) (d) Figure 1: (a) A snowglobe; (b) a fish-tank animation; (c) a 3D

  17. DISPLAY OF FRICTION IN VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENTS BASED ON HUMAN FINGER PAD CHARACTERISTICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollerbach, John M.

    DISPLAY OF FRICTION IN VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENTS BASED ON HUMAN FINGER PAD CHARACTERISTICS A. Nahvi, J City, UT 84112 ABSTRACT A friction display system is proposed for virtual environ- ments. Since a user the frictional properties of the human finger pad on 9 subjects by simultaneously recording force and movement

  18. Multi-view Rendering using GPU for 3-D Displays Francois de Sorbier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Multi-view Rendering using GPU for 3-D Displays Franc¸ois de Sorbier Graduate School of Science content for stereoscopic and auto-stereoscopic displays requires to render a scene several times from slightly different viewpoints. In that case, maintaining real-time rendering can be a difficult goal

  19. Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays Linghui Rao,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays Linghui Rao,1 Zhibing Ge,1 Shin-Tson Wu,1,a of the emerging blue-phase liquid crystal displays BP-LCDs . Simulation results indicate that the generated-effect-induced isotropic-to-anisotropic transition in blue-phase liquid crystal BPLC 1­6 has potential to become next

  20. Laser Pointer System Intuitive Interaction for Large High-Res Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reiterer, Harald

    Laser Pointer System Intuitive Interaction for Large High-Res Displays LEDs Accelerometer Vibration Buttons Laser & LEDs Unlike conventional input devices like mouse and keyboard, laser pointers do that are displayed on large high-resolution screens. The laser pointer technology was developed in cooperation

  1. Energy Displays and Environmental Behavior: The Role of Social Values and Psychological Distance of Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAuley, Derek

    1 Energy Displays and Environmental Behavior: The Role of Social Values and Psychological Distance environmental behavior and the utility of energy displays. The British government, through energy companies established baseline scores of values. Subsequently, participants were asked to report their home energy use

  2. Building Flexible Displays for Awareness and Interaction Kathryn Elliot and Saul Greenberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Saul

    prototype physical displays, all constructed using Phidgets [1]. These are: 1. The lamp shade (shown in fig either a red or a green LED. The lights can be lit individually or as part of a group. 3. A set of two states, as well as continuous values. For example, the rotating lamp shade can display five discrete

  3. Control Method for a 3D Form Display with Coil-type Shape Memory Alloy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tachi, Susumu

    Control Method for a 3D Form Display with Coil-type Shape Memory Alloy Masashi Nakatani1 , Hiroyuki.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp Abstract - We previously proposed a new 3D form display actuated by shape memory alloy (SMA), which of the shape memory alloy with a simple matrix drive circuit. This type of drive circuit can dramatically

  4. Managing the Effect of Delay Jitter on the Display of Live Continuous Media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitton, Mary C.

    Managing the Effect of Delay Jitter on the Display of Live Continuous Media Donald L. Stone of Delay Jitter on the Display of Live Continuous Media (under the direction of Kevin Jeffay). ABSTRACT latency in the presence of delay jitter, where delay jitter is defined as variation in processing

  5. Yeast cell surface display for lipase whole cell catalyst and its applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Yun; Zhang, Rui; Lian, Zhongshuai; Wang, Shihui; Wright, Aaron T.

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cell surface display technique allows for the expression of target proteins or peptides on the microbial cell surface by fusing an appropriate protein as an anchoring motif. Yeast display systems, such as Pichia pastoris, Yarowia lipolytica and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, are ideal, alternative and extensive display systems with the advantage of simple genetic manipulation and post-translational modification of expressed heterologous proteins. Engineered yeasts show high performance characteristics and variant utilizations. Herein, we comprehensively summarize the variant factors affecting lipase whole cell catalyst activity and display efficiency, including the structure and size of target proteins, screening anchor proteins, type and chain length of linkers, and the appropriate matching rules among the above-mentioned display units. Furthermore, we also address novel approaches to enhance stability and activity of recombinant lipases, such as VHb gene co-expression, multi-enzyme co-display technique, and the micro-environmental interference and self-assembly techniques. Finally, we represent the variety of applications of whole cell surface displayed lipases on yeast cells in non-aqueous phases, including synthesis of esters, PUFA enrichment, resolution of chiral drugs, organic synthesis and biofuels. We demonstrate that the lipase surface display technique is a powerful tool for functionalizing yeasts to serve as whole cell catalysts, and increasing interest is providing an impetus for broad application of this technique.

  6. The Effectiveness of Shared Reading Interventions with Families of Hispanic Prekindergarten Students 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasbun, Tracey

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of parent or caregiver shared-reading interventions on Hispanic prekindergarten students’ language and literacy scores. In addition, this study investigated the effects of shared reading...

  7. Linking Family Background and Home Language with English Reading Comprehension amog Bi/Multilinguals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yulia, Astri

    2013-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study is to examine the links between family background and home language factors on English reading achievement among bi/multilingual students. To explore the potential predictors of English reading achievement among bi...

  8. English as a second language teachers' perceptions and use of classroom-based reading assessment. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jia, Yueming

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to explore ESL teachersÂ? perceptions and use of classroom-based reading assessments. The research questions underpinning this study were: 1) What types of classroom-based reading assessments ...

  9. An fMRI study of multimodal semantic and phonological processing in reading disabled adolescents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009 /Accepted: 11 September 2009 # The International Dyslexia Association 2009 Abstract Using Dyslexia . fMRI . Performance . Phonology. Reading disability. Semantics Introduction The neurobiology of reading disability An increasing body of research suggests that the core deficit in developmental dyslexia

  10. Assessment of display performance for medical imaging systems: Executive summary of AAPM TG18 report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samei, Ehsan; Badano, Aldo; Chakraborty, Dev [Duke Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Departments of Radiology, Physics, and Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, DUMC 3302, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States) and FDA, CDRH (United States)] [and others

    2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Digital imaging provides an effective means to electronically acquire, archive, distribute, and view medical images. Medical imaging display stations are an integral part of these operations. Therefore, it is vitally important to assure that electronic display devices do not compromise image quality and ultimately patient care. The AAPM Task Group 18 (TG18) recently published guidelines and acceptance criteria for acceptance testing and quality control of medical display devices. This paper is an executive summary of the TG18 report. TG18 guidelines include visual, quantitative, and advanced testing methodologies for primary and secondary class display devices. The characteristics, tested in conjunction with specially designed test patterns (i.e., TG18 patterns), include reflection, geometric distortion, luminance, the spatial and angular dependencies of luminance, resolution, noise, glare, chromaticity, and display artifacts. Geometric distortions are evaluated by linear measurements of the TG18-QC test pattern, which should render distortion coefficients less than 2%/5% for primary/secondary displays, respectively. Reflection measurements include specular and diffuse reflection coefficients from which the maximum allowable ambient lighting is determined such that contrast degradation due to display reflection remains below a 20% limit and the level of ambient luminance (L{sub amb}) does not unduly compromise luminance ratio (LR) and contrast at low luminance levels. Luminance evaluation relies on visual assessment of low contrast features in the TG18-CT and TG18-MP test patterns, or quantitative measurements at 18 distinct luminance levels of the TG18-LN test patterns. The major acceptable criteria for primary/secondary displays are maximum luminance of greater than 170/100 cd/m{sup 2}, LR of greater than 250/100, and contrast conformance to that of the grayscale standard display function (GSDF) of better than 10%/20%, respectively. The angular response is tested to ascertain the viewing cone within which contrast conformance to the GSDF is better than 30%/60% and LR is greater than 175/70 for primary/secondary displays, or alternatively, within which the on-axis contrast thresholds of the TG18-CT test pattern remain discernible. The evaluation of luminance spatial uniformity at two distinct luminance levels across the display faceplate using TG18-UNL test patterns should yield nonuniformity coefficients smaller than 30%. The resolution evaluation includes the visual scoring of the CX test target in the TG18-QC or TG18-CX test patterns, which should yield scores greater than 4/6 for primary/secondary displays. Noise evaluation includes visual evaluation of the contrast threshold in the TG18-AFC test pattern, which should yield a minimum of 3/2 targets visible for primary/secondary displays. The guidelines also include methodologies for more quantitative resolution and noise measurements based on MTF and NPS analyses. The display glare test, based on the visibility of the low-contrast targets of the TG18-GV test pattern or the measurement of the glare ratio (GR), is expected to yield scores greater than 3/1 and GRs greater than 400/150 for primary/secondary displays. Chromaticity, measured across a display faceplate or between two display devices, is expected to render a u{sup '},v{sup '} color separation of less than 0.01 for primary displays. The report offers further descriptions of prior standardization efforts, current display technologies, testing prerequisites, streamlined procedures and timelines, and TG18 test patterns.

  11. Exploration of Short Reads Genome Mapping in Hardware Edward Fernandez, Walid Najjar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lonardi, Stefano

    Exploration of Short Reads Genome Mapping in Hardware Edward Fernandez, Walid Najjar Department, such as Illumina/Solexa Genome Analyzer and ABI SOLiD, can generate hundreds of millions of short DNA "reads" from a single run. These reads must be matched against a reference genome to identify their original location

  12. Reading of DNA Sequence Logos: Prediction of Major Groove Binding by Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Thomas D.

    Reading of DNA Sequence Logos: Prediction of Major Groove Binding by Information Theory Thomas D: http://www.lecb.ncifcrf.gov/~toms/how.to.read.sequence.logos/index.html running title: Reading Sequence Logos #3; National Cancer Institute, Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center, Lab- oratory

  13. Dynamics and Bifurcations Reading: Section 8.6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beer, Randall D.

    Dynamics and Bifurcations on a Torus Reading: Section 8.6 #12;IU/COGS-Q580/Beer Two-Dimensional Surfaces Sphere Torus Plane Cylinder Möbius Strip Klein Bottle Double Torus #12;IU/COGS-Q580/Beer Dynamical Consequences of Topology #12;IU/COGS-Q580/Beer Pairs of Oscillators Live on a Torus 1 2 1 2 #12;IU/COGS-Q580

  14. OscilloscopeMOM packetReadingNumber msg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Tao

    ReadingNumber; // shared variable #11: // uint8_t lock = 0; #12: TOS_Msg msg;// shared variable #13: taskvoid task4; #29: pack >channel = 1; #30: pack >sourceMoteID = TOS_LOCAL_ADDRESS; #31: if (call SendMsg.send(TOS result_t SendMsg.sendDone(TOS_MsgPtr sent, result_t success) { #53: // atomic lock = 0; /* notify

  15. Process for producing Ti-Cr-Al-O thin film resistors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jankowski, Alan F. (Livermore, CA); Schmid, Anthony P. (Solana Beach, CA)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thin films of Ti-Cr-Al-O are used as a resistor material. The films are rf sputter deposited from ceramic targets using a reactive working gas mixture of Ar and O.sub.2. Resistivity values from 10.sup.4 to 10.sup.10 Ohm-cm have been measured for Ti-Cr-Al-O film <1 .mu.m thick. The film resistivity can be discretely selected through control of the target composition and the deposition parameters. The application of Ti-Cr-Al-O as a thin film resistor has been found to be thermodynamically stable, unlike other metal-oxide films. The Ti-Cr-Al-O film can be used as a vertical or lateral resistor, for example, as a layer beneath a field emission cathode in a flat panel display; or used to control surface emissivity, for example, as a coating on an insulating material such as vertical wall supports in flat panel displays.

  16. Apparatuses and methods for laser reading of thermoluminescent phosphors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Braunlich, Peter F. (SW. 730 City View, Pullman, WA 99163); Tetzlaff, Wolfgang (Pullman, WA)

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Apparatuses and methods for rapidly reading thermoluminescent phosphors to determine the amount of luminescent energy stored therein. The stored luminescent energy is interpreted as a measure of the total exposure of the thermoluminescent phosphor to ionizing radiation. The thermoluminescent phosphor reading apparatus uses a laser to generate a laser beam. The laser beam power level is monitored by a laser power detector and controlled to maintain the power level at a desired value or values which can vary with time. A shutter or other laser beam interrupting means is used to control exposure of the thermoluminescent phosphor to the laser beam. The laser beam can be equalized using an opitcal equalizer so that the laser beam has an approximately uniform power density across the beam. The heated thermoluminescent phosphor emits a visible or otherwise detectable luminescent emission which is measured as an indication of the radiation exposure of the thermoluminscent phosphors. Also disclosed are preferred signal processing and control circuits including one system using a digital computer. Also disclosed are time-profiled laser power cycles for pre-anneal, read and post-anneal treatment of phosphors.

  17. Read/write head for a magnetic tape device having grooves for reducing tape floating

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Aoki, Kenji (Kawasaki, JP)

    2005-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A read/write head for a magnetic tape includes an elongated chip assembly and a tape running surface formed in the longitudinal direction of the chip assembly. A pair of substantially spaced parallel read/write gap lines for supporting read/write elements extend longitudinally along the tape running surface of the chip assembly. Also, at least one groove is formed on the tape running surface on both sides of each of the read/write gap lines and extends substantially parallel to the read/write gap lines.

  18. Leaching assessments of toxic metals in waste plasma display panel glass.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, M; Jiang, P; Chen, H; Ogunseitan, OA; Li, Y

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of waste cathode-ray tube glass. Waste Manage. 26:1468–76.leachability from waste PDP glass in order to determinewaste plasma display panel glass ab a a b a Mengjun Chen ,

  19. GreenVis: Energy-Saving Color Schemes for Sequential Data Visualization on OLED Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA north@cs.vt.edu ABSTRACT The organic light emitting diode (OLED, Color Scheme, Visualization 1. INTRODUCTION The organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display is an emerg

  20. How do I display the Map of Wind Farms csv coordinates in ArcMap...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    display the Map of Wind Farms csv coordinates in ArcMap software? Home > Groups > Geospatial I downloaded the Map of Wind Farms data as a .csv from http:en.openei.orgwiki...

  1. How do I display the Map of Wind Farms csv coordinates in ArcMap...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    do I display the Map of Wind Farms csv coordinates in ArcMap software? Home > Groups > Geospatial I downloaded the Map of Wind Farms data as a .csv from http:en.openei.orgwiki...

  2. uCom : spatial displays for visual awareness of remote locations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Araujo Santos, Ana Luisa de

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    uCom enables remote users to be visually aware of each other using "spatial displays" - live views of a remote space assembled according to an estimate of the remote space's layout. The main elements of the system design ...

  3. Markerless motion-capture for point-light displays Thomas F. Shipley* and Jonathan S. Brumberg**

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shipley, Thomas F.

    can identify the weight lifted in a point-light display, even if the actor is pretending to lift, and despite extensive research in the field of computer graphics, few compelling examples of artificial human

  4. Power-Saving Color Transformation of Mobile Graphical User Interfaces on OLED-based Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhong, Lin

    , Houston, TX 77025 {dongmian, ykc1,lzhong}@rice.edu ABSTRACT Emerging organic light-emitting diode (OLED of the display content or GUI design [1]. In contrast, emerging organic light-emitting diode (OLED

  5. A vibrotactile display design for the feedback of external prosthesis sensory information to the amputee wearer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chew, Andrea W. (Andrea Wae-Ping)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis documents the development of a vibrotactile display to be incorporated into a powered ankle-foot prosthesis. Although existing devices have addressed the need for tactile and proprioceptive feedback in external ...

  6. UpStream: Motivating Water Conservation with Low-Cost Water Flow Sensing and Persuasive Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulos, Eric

    , and evaluation of several of in situ persuasive displays integrated and low-cost water flow sensors (Figure 1, culminating in long-term deployment of sensors in four private showers over the course of three weeks. Sensors

  7. Diversity of Phage-Displayed Libraries of Peptides during Panning and Amplification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Derda, Ratmir

    The amplification of phage-displayed libraries is an essential step in the selection of ligands from these libraries. The amplification of libraries, however, decreases their diversity and limits the number of binding ...

  8. Final approach guidance using an altimeter-aided Loran-C display system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dogan, Norry

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Introduction: The goal of this thesis is to test the flyability of a display system that uses a King Radio KEAO-346 altimeter and Micrologic ML-3000 LORAN-C receiver for final approach guidance and to model the dynamics ...

  9. Thin film transistors on plastic substrates with reflective coatings for radiation protection

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Jesse D. (Fairfield, CA); Theiss, Steven D. (Woodbury, MN); Carey, Paul G. (Mountain View, CA); Smith, Patrick M. (San Ramon, CA); Wickbold, Paul (Walnut Creek, CA)

    2006-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Fabrication of silicon thin film transistors (TFT) on low-temperature plastic substrates using a reflective coating so that inexpensive plastic substrates may be used in place of standard glass, quartz, and silicon wafer-based substrates. The TFT can be used in large area low cost electronics, such as flat panel displays and portable electronics such as video cameras, personal digital assistants, and cell phones.

  10. {100}<100> or 45.degree.-rotated {100}<100>, semiconductor-based, large-area, flexible, electronic devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goyal, Amit (Knoxville, TN)

    2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Novel articles and methods to fabricate the same resulting in flexible, {100}<100> or 45.degree.-rotated {100}<100> oriented, semiconductor-based, electronic devices are disclosed. Potential applications of resulting articles are in areas of photovoltaic devices, flat-panel displays, thermophotovoltaic devices, ferroelectric devices, light emitting diode devices, computer hard disc drive devices, magnetoresistance based devices, photoluminescence based devices, non-volatile memory devices, dielectric devices, thermoelectric devices and quantum dot laser devices.

  11. Semiconductor-based, large-area, flexible, electronic devices on {110}<100> oriented substrates

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goyal, Amit

    2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Novel articles and methods to fabricate the same resulting in flexible, oriented, semiconductor-based, electronic devices on {110}<100> textured substrates are disclosed. Potential applications of resulting articles are in areas of photovoltaic devices, flat-panel displays, thermophotovoltaic devices, ferroelectric devices, light emitting diode devices, computer hard disc drive devices, magnetoresistance based devices, photoluminescence based devices, non-volatile memory devices, dielectric devices, thermoelectric devices and quantum dot laser devices.

  12. Semiconductor-based, large-area, flexible, electronic devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goyal, Amit (Knoxville, TN)

    2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Novel articles and methods to fabricate the same resulting in flexible, large-area, triaxially textured, single-crystal or single-crystal-like, semiconductor-based, electronic devices are disclosed. Potential applications of resulting articles are in areas of photovoltaic devices, flat-panel displays, thermophotovoltaic devices, ferroelectric devices, light emitting diode devices, computer hard disc drive devices, magnetoresistance based devices, photoluminescence based devices, non-volatile memory devices, dielectric devices, thermoelectric devices and quantum dot laser devices.

  13. Process development for a field emission structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Legg, James Derek

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by the thickness of the deposited insulator and metal anode layers. A lift-off technique is then employed to remove the photoresist mask. An undercut etch of the insulator layer and subsequent deposition of a low work function cermet material onto the...'cathode completes the fabrication. This process technology will allow for the future development of device applications such as flat panel displays, high definition television, and vacuum integrated circuits. To the memory of my grandmother, Cleo Barkley...

  14. Thin film transistors on plastic substrates with reflective coatings for radiation protection

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Jesse D.; Theiss, Steven D.; Carey, Paul G.; Smith, Patrick M.; Wickboldt, Paul

    2003-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Fabrication of silicon thin film transistors (TFT) on low-temperature plastic substrates using a reflective coating so that inexpensive plastic substrates may be used in place of standard glass, quartz, and silicon wafer-based substrates. The TFT can be used in large area low cost electronics, such as flat panel displays and portable electronics such as video cameras, personal digital assistants, and cell phones.

  15. NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY System Design and Verification of the Precession Electron Diffraction Technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    conducting oxide substrate material for potential use in flat panel displays and solar panels (Edwards et al a monoclinic unit cell with a = 11.69 °A, b = 3.17 °A, c = 10.73 °A, and = 99. The plane group is p2 unit cell distance along the projection axis, and is the precession semiangle (24 mrad). The small

  16. The Flexible Display CenTer aT arizona sTaTe UniversiTy The U.S. Army established the Flexible Display Center at ASU in February 2004 to spearhead the next revolution in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhoads, James

    The Flexible Display CenTer aT arizona sTaTe UniversiTy The U.S. Army established the Flexible development, innovation and integration to create a new generation of innovative displays that will be flexible, lightweight, low power, and rugged. These revolutionary displays will usher in a new era

  17. The OCT-Penlight: In-Situ Image Display for Guiding Microsurgery Using Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stetten, George

    emitting diode (OLED) display and a reflective liquid crystal display (LCD). The OLED has the advantage surgical access. The two prototypes constructed thus far have used, respectively, a miniature organic light

  18. 4.1: Rollable Reflective Multicolor Cholesteric Displays Haiqing Xianyu, Tsung-Hsien Lin, and Shin-Tson Wu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    reactive mesogen and none reactive cholesteric liquid crystal is observed. The electrically undulated display application. Blue Shift in Cholesteric Reactive Mesogen The electrically controllable blue shift: A rollable reflective multicolor display using an electrically tunable blue shift of both cholesteric

  19. A comparison of visual cuing methods in large displays during performance of a secondary task

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rankin, John Edgar

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A CO?PARISON OF VISUAL CUING KETHODS IN IARGE DISPLAYS DURING PERFORNANCE OF A SECONDARY TASK A Thesis by JOHN EDGAR RANKIN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AAN University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of WiASTER OF SCIENCE December 1971 Major Subjects Industrial Engineering A COMPARISON OF VISUAL CUING METHODS IN LARGE DISPLAYS DURING PERFORMANCE OF A SECONDARY TASK A Thesis by JOHN EDGAR RANKIN Approved as to style and content by& Chairman...

  20. Designing Large High-Resolution Display Workspaces Alex Endert, Lauren Bradel, Jessica Zeitz, Christopher Andrews, Chris North

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Designing Large High-Resolution Display Workspaces Alex Endert, Lauren Bradel, Jessica Zeitz Large, high-resolution displays have enormous potential to aid in scenarios beyond their current usage seemingly small large-display design decisions can have significant impacts on users' perceptions

  1. A pilot study of reading to improve self-esteem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bagnall, Norma Hayes

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to Children' s Reading, 3rd ed. (Ne Y rrr: pookeee rs hhoDay anan~o. , 1969), p. 9. Charlotte S. Huck, Children's Literature in the Ele entary Hoh ol, trite VoOr: HHoY, KXne~raan i~ns on, 1976), p. 26. 6 Ruth Strang, "Zvaluation oi Development...~ing from the repressed to the outgoing stage in his relationships with other children. Q estion ~e' ht: "HHo d es he rele*e * ther children in a work/study situation?" measures 17 whether or not the child can be depended on to oarry out assigned tasks...

  2. Chaotic Dynamics Reading: Chapters 9, 10, 11, 12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beer, Randall D.

    Chaotic Dynamics Reading: Chapters 9, 10, 11, 12 #12;IU/COGS-Q580/Beer The Lorenz Attractor -10 0 #12;IU/COGS-Q580/Beer S0 S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S6 0 1 0 1 Cantor Set S ... Detour: Fractals #12;IU/COGS-Q580/Beer Detour: Similarity Dimension d = lnm lnr d = ln2 ln2 =1 d = ln4 ln2 = 2 d = ln2 ln3 0.63 m

  3. Limit Cycles in the Plane Reading: Chapter 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beer, Randall D.

    Limit Cycles in the Plane Reading: Chapter 7 #12;IU/COGS-Q580/Beer Oscillatory Solutions 0 5 10 15 - x2 !x2 = f2 x1,x2( ) = -x2 3 + x2 2 + x1 #12;IU/COGS-Q580/Beer Limit Cycles t(L) = L -1 -0.5 0 0.5 1/Beer Limit Cycles -1 -0.5 0 0.5 1 x1 -1 -0.5 0 0.5 1 x2 Dxf = 1 2 - 3x1 2 -1 1 1 2 - 3x2 2 1

  4. Port Reading, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska: EnergyPiratiniEdwards, Wisconsin: EnergyReading, New Jersey: Energy

  5. How to Read Your Electric Meter | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking of Blythe Solar PowerCommercialEnergy Star|documentHow toHow to Read Your

  6. automatic gas meter-reading: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Last Page Topic Index 1 Neighborhood Watch: Security and Privacy Analysis of Automatic Meter Reading Systems Engineering Websites Summary: in transforming the current electrical...

  7. Mapping single molecule sequencing reads using basic local alignment with successive refinement (BLASR): application and theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaisson, Mark J; Tesler, Glenn

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Instead, methods such as Bowtie, Bwa, and Soap2 are used [4-and Lagan crashed, while Bowtie did not accept the read

  8. Constancy of built-in luminance meter measurements in diagnostic displays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Silosky, M., E-mail: michael.silosky@ucdenver.edu; Marsh, R. M. [Department of Radiology, University of Colorado, School of Medicine Aurora, Colorado 80045 (United States)] [Department of Radiology, University of Colorado, School of Medicine Aurora, Colorado 80045 (United States)

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Liquid crystal displays used to interpret medical images are often equipped with built-in luminance meters to evaluate luminance response and Grayscale Standard Display Function conformance. This work evaluates agreement between luminance reported by the built-in meters and external measurements. Methods: The white level luminance was measured using a built-in meter and an external meter for 93 primary review workstations (Models MFGD 3420 and MDCG 3120-CB) with between 117 and 49?336 backlight hours (BLH). Measured luminance values were compared viat-test for displays with less than 25?000 BLH and those with more than 25?000 BLH. Bias between meters was also evaluated. Changes in luminance uniformity with increasing backlight hours were explored by determining the maximum luminance deviation (MLD) for subsets of these displays with less than 800 BLH and greater than 35?000 BLH. Results: The mean difference between built-in and external luminance measurements was 5.84% and 38.92% for displays with less than 25?000 and greater than 25?000 BLH, respectively, with a statistically significant difference in the means (p < 0.001). For displays with low BLH, a statistically significant bias was observed (p < 0.001) between built-in and external measurements. A high degree of correlation was observed between measurements made with two separate external meters (r = 0.999). The mean MLD was 9.5% and 11.2% for MDCG 3120-CB displays with less than 800 and greater than 35?000 BLH, respectively. The difference in the mean values was not statistically significant (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Disagreement between the white level luminance measured using the built-in and external meter increased with BLH. Consequently, reliance on values reported by the built-in luminance meter may result in a reduction in image contrast with time. Recommendations have been proposed regarding luminance response testing and corrective action for failing displays.

  9. Construction of spin models displaying quantum criticality from quantum field theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ivan Glasser; J. Ignacio Cirac; Germán Sierra; Anne E. B. Nielsen

    2014-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We provide a method for constructing finite temperature states of one-dimensional spin chains displaying quantum criticality. These models are constructed using correlators of products of quantum fields and have an analytical purification. Their properties can be investigated by Monte-Carlo simulations, which enable us to study the low-temperature phase diagram and to show that it displays a region of quantum criticality. The mixed states obtained are shown to be close to the thermal state of a simple nearest neighbour Hamiltonian.

  10. Display computers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Lisa Min-yi Chen

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    ......................................................................................44 2.1.15.3 Tangible User Interfaces......................................................................45 2.1.15.3.1 mediaBlocks................................................................................45 2.1.15.3.2 music...Cub................................................................................................123 5.3.1.2 Ambient Media ...................................................................................123 5.3.1.3 Interaction...........................................................................................124 5.3.1.4 Fabrication...

  11. Method and apparatus for reading meters from a video image

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lewis, Trevor J. (Irwin, PA); Ferguson, Jeffrey J. (North Huntingdon, PA)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and system to enable acquisition of data about an environment from one or more meters using video images. One or more meters are imaged by a video camera and the video signal is digitized. Then, each region of the digital image which corresponds to the indicator of the meter is calibrated and the video signal is analyzed to determine the value indicated by each meter indicator. Finally, from the value indicated by each meter indicator in the calibrated region, a meter reading is generated. The method and system offer the advantages of automatic data collection in a relatively non-intrusive manner without making any complicated or expensive electronic connections, and without requiring intensive manpower.

  12. Investigation of electronic and optical properties in AlGa codoped ZnO thin films Woojin Leea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Byungwoo

    oxides (TCOs) have been the object of significant research activities for solar cells and flat panel

  13. Carbon-containing cathodes for enhanced electron emission

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cao, Renyu (Cupertino, CA); Pan, Lawrence (Pleasanton, CA); Vergara, German (Madrid, ES); Fox, Ciaran (Los Altos, CA)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A cathode has electropositive atoms directly bonded to a carbon-containing substrate. Preferably, the substrate comprises diamond or diamond-like (sp.sup.3) carbon, and the electropositive atoms are Cs. The cathode displays superior efficiency and durability. In one embodiment, the cathode has a negative electron affinity (NEA). The cathode can be used for field emission, thermionic emission, or photoemission. Upon exposure to air or oxygen, the cathode performance can be restored by annealing or other methods. Applications include detectors, electron multipliers, sensors, imaging systems, and displays, particularly flat panel displays.

  14. Beyond brain reading: randomized sparsity and clustering to simultaneously predict and identify

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Beyond brain reading: randomized sparsity and clustering to simultaneously predict and identify A from functional MRI (fMRI) is known as brain reading. From a statistical standpoint, this challenge by the classifier are relevant, one cannot state that these voxels form the brain regions involved in the cognitive

  15. Page Number Step 1: Enter OASIS, Read Notices & Announcements 1 & 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Page Number Step 1: Enter OASIS, Read Notices & Announcements 1 & 2 Step 2: Add Courses Selections (Ranking) 9 ­ 12 Final Suggestions & Log Out of OASIS 13 2012 ­ 2013 OASIS LOTTERY SELECTIONS LIST Enter OASIS, Read Notices & Announcements 1 1.1 Enter OASIS using the following URL: https://oasis

  16. Page Number Step 1: Enter OASIS, Read Notices & Announcements 1 & 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Page Number Step 1: Enter OASIS, Read Notices & Announcements 1 & 2 Step 2: Add Courses Selections (Ranking) 9 ­ 13 Final Suggestions & Log Out of OASIS 14 2014 ­ 2015 OASIS LOTTERY SELECTIONS LIST OASIS, Read Notices & Announcements 1 s 1.1 Enter OASIS us 1.2 Log into O 1.3 Click

  17. A review of "Reading History in Early Modern England." by D. R. Woolf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Mendle

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by Anthony Grafton and Lisa Jardine, William Sherman, Steven Zwicker, and Kevin Sharpe (whose Reading Revolutions was published too late for use here), though often to suggest that many readers read and absorbed their history on the fly. He begins with some...

  18. List of Suggested Papers Reading Assignment 1 (due January 22nd)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Serban, Nicoleta

    . Journal of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 89, No. 426., pp. 391-400. Reading Assignment 4 (due of Neuroimaging Data", Journal of the American Statistical Association. 2. Kammann, E.E., Wand, M.P. (2003 Model for Rainfall", Journal of the American Statistical Association, 452, 1089- 1099. Reading

  19. English as a second language teachers' perceptions and use of classroom-based reading assessment.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jia, Yueming

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to explore ESL teachersÂ? perceptions and use of classroom-based reading assessments. The research questions underpinning this study were: 1) What types of classroom-based reading assessments are used in ESL classrooms...

  20. Review of Recent NGS Short Reads Alignment Tools BMI-231 final project, Chenxi Chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bejerano, Gill

    on discussing the most commonly used aligners in recent 2-3 years. Bowtie and Bowtie2 Indexing reference genome can efficiently speed up finding candidate alignment location(s) for each read. Bowtie[1] uses] To make bowtie a suitable algorithm for mapping short reads, which have mismatches due to genetic variants

  1. Compressed Meter Reading for Delay-sensitive and Secure Load Report in Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Robert Caiming

    of smart meters, which collects the current load of smart meters installed at each home and then forwards1 Compressed Meter Reading for Delay-sensitive and Secure Load Report in Smart Grid Husheng Li, Rukun Mao, Lifeng Lai and Robert. C. Qiu Abstract-- It is a key task in smart grid to send the readings

  2. Spheree: A 3D Perspective-Corrected Interactive Spherical Scalable Display Ferreira, F.q

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    British Columbia, University of

    in their applications or even print them with a 3D printer. Thus, Spheree plays a key role in realizing a completeSpheree: A 3D Perspective-Corrected Interactive Spherical Scalable Display Ferreira, F.q , Cabral to support head-coupled rendering to provide parallax-based 3D depth cues. Spheree is relatively compact

  3. Evaluation of Viewport Size and Curvature of Large, High-Resolution Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of geospatial tasks that may be used in aerial im- agery comparison and analysis. Geospatial data is ideal compared user performance time, accu- racy, and mental workload on geospatial search, route tracing- figurable display, viewport size, curvature, geospatial 1 Introduction Tiling multiple monitors to increase

  4. Verification of Computer Display Pre-compensation for Visual Aberrations in an Artificial Eye

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barreto, Armando

    Verification of Computer Display Pre-compensation for Visual Aberrations in an Artificial Eye user's eye) has been confirmed for a simple "artificial eye". This device has been constructed from (CCD) array that mimics the retina of a real eye. While the CCD array allows for the inspection

  5. Building Flexible Displays for Awareness and Interaction Kathryn Elliot and Saul Greenberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Saul

    is described below. 1. Glow Lamp is a lamp with a shade that rotates to display five different colored panels "growing" out of a small felt base. Each flower contains either a red or a green LED. The lights can be lit

  6. Rollable multicolor display using electrically induced blueshift of a cholesteric reactive mesogen mixture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    Rollable multicolor display using electrically induced blueshift of a cholesteric reactive mesogen September 2006 Electrically controllable blueshift of the reflection band in a planar cholesteric reactive mesogen cell is observed. The responsible mechanism is electric-field-induced Helfrich deformation J. Chem

  7. 3D Form Display with Shape Memory Alloy Masashi Nakatani, Hiroyuki Kajimoto, Dairoku Sekiguchi,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tachi, Susumu

    3D Form Display with Shape Memory Alloy Masashi Nakatani, Hiroyuki Kajimoto, Dairoku Sekiguchi-form Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) as a pin- rod actuator. The prototype has a 4×4 pin-rod matrix, with a 120[mm-form Shape Memory Alloy (SMA), material that can be stretched or deformed from its original shape but would

  8. Polymer Thermodynamics and Chain Structure Polymers display some similarities and some differences with nano-aggregates.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beaucage, Gregory

    Polymer Thermodynamics and Chain Structure Polymers display some similarities and some differences with nano-aggregates. Both materials are composed of basic units, Kuhn units for polymers which are rod an aggregate in nanomaterials and a polymer coil in Polymer Science. The mass-fractal or minimum dimension

  9. Cubee: A Cubic 3D Display for Physics-based Interaction Ian Stavness Florian Vogt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    British Columbia, University of

    animation. References DEERING, M. 1992. High resolution virtual reality. In Proc ACM SIGGRAPH 1992, ACM manipulation. It encloses a small virtual space inside the physical boundaries of a cubic dis- play. The display motion is mapped into the virtual scene to cre- ate a compelling interaction metaphor of objects

  10. Computational Light Routing: 3D Printed Optical Fibers For Sensing and Display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Computational Light Routing: 3D Printed Optical Fibers For Sensing and Display THIAGO PEREIRA or restrict themselves to light dif- fusion in volumes. We use multi-material 3D printing to fabricate objects Additional Key Words and Phrases: 3D printing, optical fibers ACM Reference Format: Pereira, T, Rusinkiewicz

  11. A multi-display viewing station that increases productivity and saves space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    A multi-display viewing station that increases productivity and saves space Conserve desk space) per monitor · Low-profile base saves desk space · Durable aluminum and steel construction creates that are VESA® MIS-D, 100/75, C compliant · Five-year warranty Product Sheet Space-saving desk stands Ergotron

  12. Shared Control Between Human and Machine: Haptic Display of Automation During Manual Control of Vehicle Heading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillespie, Brent

    of the human/machine task. Results are presented from 2 experiments in which 11 subjects completed a pathShared Control Between Human and Machine: Haptic Display of Automation During Manual Control control is described in which a machine's manual control interface is motorized to allow a human

  13. EXCALIBUR, A THREE-AXIS FORCE DISPLAY Richard J. Adams * Manuel R. Moreyra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is a three degree-of-freedom Cartesian manipulator, designed to act as a haptic interface to virtual. The force feed- back device, or haptic display, is usually a robotic manipulator with which a human operator] or the Phantom [3], its unique design makes it one of very few haptic devices to deliver the combination of high

  14. Roll-to-Roll Nanomanufacturing Processes and Applications to Display and Solar Cell Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keaveny, Tony

    Roll-to-Roll Nanomanufacturing Processes and Applications to Display and Solar Cell Devices% enhanced the power efficiency in organic solar cells as compared with devices made by ITO. BIOGRAPHY L. Jay than 6% of the backlight, in large part due to the polarizer and color filter in the panel. We propose

  15. Extended papers from NPAR 2010 Stylized ambient displays of digital media collections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collomosse, John

    Extended papers from NPAR 2010 Stylized ambient displays of digital media collections Tinghuai Wang collections of personal digital media. However, once captured, this media is infrequently accessed and often lies dormant on users' PCs. We present a system to breathe life into home digital media collections

  16. Measurement of reflective liquid crystal displays S. T. Tang and H. S. Kwoka)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Measurement of reflective liquid crystal displays S. T. Tang and H. S. Kwoka) Department . Existing measurement methods only apply to transmittive LC cells. These methods are obviously unsuitable for measuring the cell gaps of reflective LCDs with internal reflectors. This kind of LCD includes single

  17. Application of Nanotechnology to liquid crystal displays H S Kwok, Z L Xie and Fion Yeung

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Application of Nanotechnology to liquid crystal displays H S Kwok, Z L Xie and Fion Yeung Center shall report new results on the application of nanotechnology to LCD. Specifically we shall discuss as the alignment layer. Summary We describe here two experiments on the application of nanotechnology to liquid

  18. Expressive Gestures Displayed by a Humanoid Robot during a Storytelling Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pelachaud, Catherine

    Expressivity is an important factor in communication, be human- human, human-virtual agent or human-robot in the expression of emotion [30, 16]. Our idea is to endow a humanoid robot with human communicative capabilities. Nao is a humanoid robot able to display body movement and ges- ture. It can talk and interact

  19. The Relationship of Student Use of the Scholastic ReadAbout Software Systemon Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) Reading Test Scores as Reported in Student Records of Third and Fourth Grade Students at Comal Independent School District, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGlothlin, Ross M.

    2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of Scholastic, Incorporated's ReadAbout software system on student achievement in the subject of reading. The study assessed the relationship between the amount of time third and fourth grade...

  20. The Influence of Orthographic Opacity on Reading Development among Nyanja-English Bilinguals in Zambia: A Cross-Linguistic Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaani, Bestern

    2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    five basic (elementary) schools in Lusaka, Zambia. The ZAT consisted of five linguistically comparable measures of letter discrimination, phonological awareness, word reading, pseudoword decoding, and reading comprehension skills. Of the 240...

  1. A Comparison of Immersive HMD, Fish Tank VR and Fish Tank with Haptics Displays for Volume Visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Healey, Christopher G.

    A Comparison of Immersive HMD, Fish Tank VR and Fish Tank with Haptics Displays for Volume: (1) head-mounted display (HMD); (2) fish tank VR (fish tank); and (3) fish tank VR augmented its structure. Fish tank and haptic participants saw the entire volume on-screen and rotated

  2. JOURNAL OF DISPLAY TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 5, NO. 8, AUGUST 2009 319 A Simple Transflective LCD for Mobile Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    JOURNAL OF DISPLAY TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 5, NO. 8, AUGUST 2009 319 A Simple Transflective LCD for Mobile well. Its fabrication process is fairly simple and it is suit- able for mobile applications. Index-LCD). I. INTRODUCTION TRANSFLECTIVE liquid crystal displays (TR-LCDs) have been widely used in mobile

  3. Polar Maps at the William C. Wonders Map Collection, University of Alberta Display items -PLC June 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacMillan, Andrew

    Polar Maps at the William C. Wonders Map Collection, University of Alberta Display items - PLC June, University of Alberta Display items - PLC June 2008 C:\\Documents and Settings items - PLC June 2008 C:\\Documents and Settings\\mclarke\\Desktop\\PolarLibraries.doc10/3/2008 3 7 Title

  4. The development of a visualization tool for displaying analysis and test results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uncapher, W.L.; Ammerman, D.J.; Ludwigsen, J.S. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Transportation System Development Dept.; Knight, R.D. [Geo-Centers, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Wix, S.D. [GRAM, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The evaluation and certification of packages for transportation of radioactive materials is performed by analysis, testing, or a combination of both. Within the last few years, many transport packages that were certified have used a combination of analysis and testing. The ability to combine and display both kinds of data with interactive graphical tools allows a faster and more complete understanding of the response of the package to these environments. Sandia National Laboratories has developed an initial version of a visualization tool that allows the comparison and display of test and of analytical data as part of a Department of Energy-sponsored program to support advanced analytical techniques and test methodologies. The capability of the tool extends to both mechanical (structural) and thermal data.

  5. Method and apparatus for the simultaneous display and correlation of independently generated images

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vaitekunas, Jeffrey J. (Chicago, IL); Roberts, Ronald A. (Crown Point, IN)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus and method for location by location correlation of multiple images from Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE) and other sources. Multiple images of a material specimen are displayed on one or more monitors of an interactive graphics system. Specimen landmarks are located in each image and mapping functions from a reference image to each other image are calcuated using the landmark locations. A location selected by positioning a cursor in the reference image is mapped to the other images and location identifiers are simultaneously displayed in those images. Movement of the cursor in the reference image causes simultaneous movement of the location identifiers in the other images to positions corresponding to the location of the reference image cursor.

  6. Comparison of discrete control devices to select menus on an interactive display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hottman, Stephen Bruce

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (Dowd, 1979). The increase This thesis follows the style required for publication in the Human Factors Journal. of digital computers coupled with electronic displays has provided a significant increase in the amount of information which is available..., Simplifying the man machine interface with the touch terminal IEE 0 f ~0i I, 1971, 80. 307-313. Supplemental References Air Force Systems Command. Design handbook 1-3 Human factors engi- neering. Washington, D. C. : Department of the Air Force, AFSC DH 1...

  7. An evaluation of stereoscopic computer displays using a mental rotation paradigm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williamson, John Edward

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1992 Major Subject: Psychology AN EVALUATION OF STEREOSCOPIC COMPUTER DISPLAYS USING A MENTAL ROTATION PARADIGM A Thesis by JOHN EDWARD WILLIAMSON Approved as to style and content by: Steven M. Smith (Chair of Committee... variation of the side-by-side stereo pair technique, is the virtual reality system. Virtual realities are a relatively recent development in computer/human interaction. One enters a virtual world, which may exist only on the computer, by wearing a...

  8. Read: Literary Journey: A Rushdie-esque take on Nepali Travel Writing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fineprint Bookclub

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    library-based mod- el.” It has three objectives: (a) education through libraries and literacy, (b) economic growth and (c) social development through community centres. It has helped estab- lished 39 community libraries in 35 districts across the country... on to read more. Later, during my college years in Calcutta, my af? nity for libraries and reading actually came to my aid in other ways too. I could go to the libraries to avoid the heat, and reading was also the most eco- nomical way of impressing people...

  9. Computerized controller with service display panel for an oil well pumping motor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markuson, N.D.; Wiens, T.A.

    1988-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

    An oil well pump controller in combination with an oil pumping unit and oil well electrical pump motor for controlling and monitoring the operation of an oil well including: microprocessor means for monitoring three-phase electrical power consumption of the electrical pump motor and for calculating real time demand power consumption of the motor, power measuring means electrically connected to the three-phase electrical input of the motor for producing an analog signal indicative of power consumption, conversion means connected to the power measuring means for converting the analog signal into a digital signal usable by the microprocessor means to calculate electrical power consumption, relay means connected to and receiving signals from the microprocessor means indicative of detected power normal, power overload and power underload conditions, the relay means additionally providing circuitry to allow the microprocessor to selectively switch the motor on or off, waterproof box means for housing the components of the oil well pump controller, the waterproof box including a service display panel, overload display means, mounted on the service display panel, which is clearly visible from a distance, and connected to the relay means for indicating when power consumption of the motor has exceeded preprogrammed limits.

  10. Conflict Management and Dispute Resolution Services May 2011 Read More about Conflict Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    . Dana, Daniel., Managing Differences: How to Build Better Relationships at Work and Home. (MConflict Management and Dispute Resolution Services May 2011 Read More about Conflict Management Management o Bullying Conflict and Culture Influence Mediation Negotiation Facilitation and Group Problem

  11. Saccadic suppression during reading activity : is the spill-over effect weaker after a longer saccade? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yatabe, Kiyomi

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although it has generally thought that the duration of saccades should be subtracted from the reading time in eye movement research, Irwin (1998) has demonstrated that lexical processing such as word recognition is not ...

  12. How Does the Brain Learn to Read? Guest Lecture by James R. Booth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    How Does the Brain Learn to Read? Guest Lecture by James R that general principles of brain development are key to reaching a deeper understanding) the specialization of brain regions for different computations and (2) the interaction between

  13. Reading profiles for adults with low-literacy: Cluster analysis with power and speeded measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mellard, Daryl; Fall, Emily C.; Mark, Caroline Ann

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States’ National Institute for Literacy’s (NIFL) review of adult literacy instruction research recommended adult education (AE) programs assess underlying reading abilities in order to plan appropriate instruction ...

  14. Kindergarten Family Reading Institute: Empowering Parents Through a Sustained Home and School Partnership

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulloa, Carlos

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    S. , & Shaywitz, B. (1999). Dyslexia. In K. Swaiman and S.learners and students with dyslexia. In S. J. Samuels & A.reading disability (dyslexia). In M. Kamil, P. Mosenthal, P.

  15. "Reading Between the Brides": Lucrezia Vizzana's Componimenti musicali in Textual and Musical Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, Katrina

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    ABSTRACT “Reading Between the Brides”: Lucrezia Vizzana's Componimenti musicali in Textual and Musical Context There had never been a Bolognese nun known to have published her music when Lucrezia Vizzana's Componimenti ...

  16. Centrifugal and centripetal forces in the discourse of early years reading instruction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, Christopher George

    2010-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis reports on a research project investigating how a sample of eight teachers of P2 children in Scotland encouraged dialogic interaction in their reading groups while following prescriptive policy. The research ...

  17. The particpation and performance of students with emotional disturbance on state accountability assessment in reading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carr George, Catherine Elizabeth

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examined the participation rates and performance results of students with emotional disturbance (ED) in a statewide reading assessment. Public school districts in Texas use the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) test...

  18. Rapid Evolutionary Placement of Short Sequence Reads (2010 JGI/ANL HPC Workshop)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Stamatakis, Alexis [Technical University of Munich

    2011-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Alexis Stamatakis of the Technical University of Munich gives a presentation on "Rapid Evolutionary Placement of Short Sequence Reads" at the JGI/Argonne HPC Workshop on January 26, 2010.

  19. EMIRGE: Reconstruction of full length ribosomal genes from microbial community short read sequencing data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Christopher S; Baker, Brett J; Thomas, Brian C; Singer, Steven W; Banfield, Jillian F

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    used the short read mapper bowtie [19] in paired-end mode.For initiation, bowtie reported a single best alignment,For subsequent iterations, bowtie used the same parameters,

  20. Parallel Assembly of Large Genomes from Paired Short Reads (2010 JGI/ANL HPC Workshop)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Aluru, Srinivas [Iowa State University

    2011-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Srinivas Aluru from Iowa State University gives a presentation on "Parallel Assembly of Large Genomes from Paired Short Reads" at the JGI/Argonne HPC Workshop on January 25, 2010.

  1. Efficient Short-Read Assembly of Eukaryotic Genomes (2010 JGI/ANL HPC Workshop)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Chapman, Jarrod

    2011-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Jarrod Chapman of the DOE JGI gives a presentation on "Efficient Short-Read Assembly of Eukaryotic Genomes" at the JGI/Argonne HPC Workshop on January 25, 2010.

  2. Imagery, affect, and the embodied mind: implications for reading and responding to literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krasny, Karen A.

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    IMAGERY, AFFECT, AND THE EMBODIED MIND: IMPLICATIONS FOR READING AND RESPONDING TO LITERATURE A Dissertation by KAREN A. KRASNY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2004 Major Subject: Curriculum & Instruction IMAGERY, AFFECT, AND THE EMBODIED MIND: IMPLICATIONS FOR READING AND RESPONDING TO LITERATURE A Dissertation by KAREN A. KRASNY...

  3. Reliable and redundant FPGA based read-out design in the ATLAS TileCal Demonstrator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henrik Åkerstedt; Steffen Muschter; Gary Drake; Kelby Anderson; Christian Bohm; Mark Oreglia; Fukun Tang

    2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The Tile Calorimeter at ATLAS is a hadron calorimeter based on steel plates and scintillating tiles read out by PMTs. The current read-out system uses standard ADCs and custom ASICs to digitize and temporarily store the data on the detector. However, only a subset of the data is actually read out to the counting room. The on-detector electronics will be replaced around 2023. To achieve the required reliability the upgraded system will be highly redundant. Here the ASICs will be replaced with Kintex-7 FPGAs from Xilinx. This, in addition to the use of multiple 10 Gbps optical read-out links, will allow a full read-out of all detector data. Due to the higher radiation levels expected when the beam luminosity is increased, opportunities for repairs will be less frequent. The circuitry and firmware must therefore be designed for sufficiently high reliability using redundancy and radiation tolerant components. Within a year, a hybrid demonstrator including the new read-out system will be installed in one slice of the ATLAS Tile Calorimeter. This will allow the proposed upgrade to be thoroughly evaluated well before the planned 2023 deployment in all slices, especially with regard to long term reliability. Different firmware strategies alongside with their integration in the demonstrator are presented in the context of high reliability protection against hardware malfunction and radiation induced errors.

  4. Influence of sputtering power on the optical properties of ITO thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    K, Aijo John; M, Deepak, E-mail: manju.thankamoni@gmail.com; T, Manju, E-mail: manju.thankamoni@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Sree Sankara College, Kalady P. O., Ernakulam Dist., Kerala (India); Kumar, Vineetha V. [Dept. of Physics, K. E. College, Mannanam, Kottayam Dist., Kerala (India)

    2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Tin doped indium oxide films are widely used in transparent conducting coatings such as flat panel displays, crystal displays and in optical devices such as solar cells and organic light emitting diodes due to the high electrical resistivity and optical transparency in the visible region of solar spectrum. The deposition parameters have a commendable influence on the optical and electrical properties of the thin films. In this study, ITO thin films were prepared by RF magnetron sputtering. The properties of the films prepared under varying sputtering power were compared using UV- visible spectrophotometry. Effect of sputtering power on the energy band gap, absorption coefficient and refractive index are investigated.

  5. Triode carbon nanotube field emission display using barrier rib structure and manufacturing method thereof

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Han, In-taek (Yongin, KR); Kim, Jong-min (Seongnam, KR)

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A triode carbon nanotube field emission display (FED) using a barrier rib structure and a manufacturing method thereof are provided. In a triode carbon nanotube FED employing barrier ribs, barrier ribs are formed on cathode lines by a screen printing method, a mesh structure is mounted on the barrier ribs, and a spacer is inserted between the barrier ribs through slots of the mesh structure, thereby stably fixing the mesh structure and the spacer within a FED panel due to support by the barrier ribs.

  6. DuPont Displays Develops Low-Cost Method of Printing OLED Panels

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DuPont Displays Inc. (DDI) has developed a novel way of printing color-tunable OLED lighting panels that keeps manufacturing costs low. The method involves processing the organic layers from solution, with most of the process steps taking place under atmospheric conditions rather than in a high vacuum. Industry-standard slot-coating methods are used in conjunction with nozzle printing—in which the solutions of organic materials are continuously jetted through an array of nozzles moving at high speed—allowing the light-emitting materials to be spatially patterned.

  7. Printed assemblies of ultrathin, microscale inorganic light emitting diodes for deformable and semitransparent displays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A; Nuzzo, Ralph; Kim, Hoon-sik; Brueckner, Eric; Park, Sang Il; Kim, Rak Hwan

    2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Described herein are printable structures and methods for making, assembling and arranging electronic devices. A number of the methods described herein are useful for assembling electronic devices where one or more device components are embedded in a polymer which is patterned during the embedding process with trenches for electrical interconnects between device components. Some methods described herein are useful for assembling electronic devices by printing methods, such as by dry transfer contact printing methods. Also described herein are GaN light emitting diodes and methods for making and arranging GaN light emitting diodes, for example for display or lighting systems.

  8. Content-adaptive parallax barriers: optimizing dual-layer 3D displays using low-rank light field factorization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lanman, Douglas

    We optimize automultiscopic displays built by stacking a pair of modified LCD panels. To date, such dual-stacked LCDs have used heuristic parallax barriers for view-dependent imagery: the front LCD shows a fixed array of ...

  9. Scalable multi-view stereo camera array for real world real-time image capture and three-dimensional displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Samuel L. (Samuel Lincoln), 1978-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The number of three-dimensional displays available is escalating and yet the capturing devices for multiple view content are focused on either single camera precision rigs that are limited to stationary objects or the use ...

  10. Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuation-based light field and high dynamic range displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wetzstein, Gordon

    We develop tomographic techniques for image synthesis on displays composed of compact volumes of light-attenuating material. Such volumetric attenuators recreate a 4D light field or high-contrast 2D image when illuminated ...

  11. Visual display of reservoir parameters affecting enhanced oil recovery. Third quarterly report, [April 1995--June 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wood, J.R.

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project will provide a detailed example, based on a field trial, of how to evaluate a field for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) operations utilizing data typically available in a filed that has undergone primary development. The approach will utilize readily available, affordable computer software and analytical services. The GeoGraphix Exploration System (GES) software package was acquired this quarter and installed. Well logging, formation tops and other data are being loaded into the program. We also acquired and installed GeoGraphix`s well-log evaluation package, QLA2. Miocene tops for the entire Pioneer Anticline were loaded into the GES system and contour maps and 3D surface visualizations were constructed. Fault data have been digitized and will soon be loaded into the GeoGraphix mapping module and combined with formation-top data to produce structure maps which will display all fault traces. The versatile program MatLab can be used to perform time series analysis and to produce spatial displays of data. MatLab now has a 3D volume visualization package. In the coming quarter we will test MatLab using Pioneer data set.

  12. Transmission integral analysis of Mössbauer spectra displaying hyperfine parameter distributions with arbitrary profile

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klencsár, Zoltán, E-mail: z.klencsar@mosswinn.hu [Pitvar u. 11., Budapest 1141 (Hungary)

    2014-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Accurate quantitative analysis of Mössbauer spectra displaying thickness effects requires the consideration of the so-called transmission integral when modeling the spectral shape. Whereas this is straightforward when the correct model for the decomposition of the absorber's nuclear resonance absorption cross-section into individual components is a priori known, in the absence of such knowledge and notably in the presence of hyperfine parameter distributions with an unknown profile, the so-called model-independent evaluation methods could be used to fit the spectra. However, the methods available for this purpose were developed for the analysis of spectra for which the thin absorber approximation is valid, and thus they do not take the sample thickness and related effects into account. Consequently, in order to use them for spectra displaying thickness effects, their usage needs to be generalized by combining them with transmission integral fitting. A new algorithm realizing such a generalized version of the Hesse-Rübartsch model-independent evaluation method was developed recently as an integral part of the MossWinn program. In the present work, the working principle of the newly developed algorithm is described in details along with examples illustrating the capabilities of the method for the case of {sup 57}Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy.

  13. Wiebe, E. N. (1994). Evaluation of alternative methods of representing three-dimensional 1 objects on computer displays. In, Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on computer displays. In, Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 38th Annual Meeting, October

  14. How Modern Displays Push Conventional Colorimetry to its Limit Abhijit Sarkar1,2, Laurent Blond1, Patrick Le Callet2, Florent Autrusseau2, Jrgen Stauder1,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 How Modern Displays Push Conventional Colorimetry to its Limit Abhijit Sarkar1,2, Laurent Blondé1

  15. BlenderCAVE: Easy VR Authoring for Multi-Screen Displays Jorge Gascn Jos M. Bayona Jos M. Espadero and Miguel A. Otaduy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otaduy, Miguel A.

    support for CAVE or Powerwall-type displays. The framework is implemented in a distributed manner, and it contains a virtual camera setup to control the display output, and a lightweight network communication-screen display systems. It consists of a set of extensions to the open-source Blender Game Engine (BGE

  16. Engineering yeast consortia for surface-display of complex cellulosome structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Wilfred [University of Delaware

    2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    As our society marches toward a more technologically advanced future, energy and environmental sustainability are some of the most challenging problems we face today. Biomass is one of the most abundant renewable-feedstock for sustainable production of biofuels. However, the main technological obstacle to more widespread uses of this resource is the lack of low-cost technologies to overcome the recalcitrant nature of the cellulosic structure, especially the hydrolysis step on highly ordered celluloses. In this proposal, we successfully engineered several efficient and inexpensive whole-cell biocatalysts in an effort to produce economically compatible and sustainable biofuels, namely cellulosic ethanol. Our approach was to display of a highly efficient cellulolytic enzyme complex, named cellulosome, on the surface of a historical ethanol producer Saccharomyces cerevisiae for the simultaneous and synergistic saccharification and fermentation of cellulose to ethanol. We first demonstrated the feasibility of assembling a mini-cellulosome by incubating E. coli lysates expressing three different cellulases. Resting cells displaying mini-cellulosomes produced 4-fold more ethanol from phosphoric acid-swollen cellulose (PASC) than cultures with only added enzymes. The flexibility to assemble the mini-cellulosome structure was further demonstrated using a synthetic yeast consortium through intracellular complementation. Direct ethanol production from PASC was demonstrated with resting cell cultures. To create a microorganism suitable for a more cost-effective process, called consolidated bioprocessing (CBP), a synthetic consortium capable of displaying mini-cellulosomes on the cell surface via intercellular complementation was created. To further improve the efficiency, a new adaptive strategy of employing anchoring and adaptor scaffoldins to amplify the number of enzymatic subunits was developed, resulting in the creation of an artificial tetravalent cellulosome on the yeast surface and a significant improvement in cellulosic ethanol production. Although this adaptive strategy is ideal for assembling more complex cellulosome for large-scale production of cellulosic ethanol, a substantially larger number of enzymes (up to 10 to 12) is needed to better mimic the natural cellulosome structures for practical usage of the technology.

  17. Development of advanced direct perception displays for nuclear power plants to enhance monitoring, control and fault management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, B.G.; Shaheen, S.; Moray, N. [and others

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Traditional Single-Sensor-Single Indicator (SSSI) displays are poorly matched to the cognitive abilities of operators, especially for large and complex systems. It is difficult for operators to monitor very large arrays of displays and controls, and to integrate the information displayed therein. In addition, standard operating procedures (SOPs) are bulky (running to many hundreds of pages) and difficult to use, and operators may become lost. For these reasons, and also because it is becoming increasingly difficult to find replacements for aging hardware components, there is a trend towards computerized graphical interfaces for nuclear power plants (NPPs). There is, however, little rational theory for display design in this domain. This report describes some recent theoretical developments and shows how to develop displays which will greatly reduce the cognitive load on the operator and allow the use of perceptual rather than cognitive mechanisms while using SON and to support state diagnosis and fault management. The report outlines the conceptual framework within which such a new approach could be developed, and provides an example of how the operating procedures for the start-up sequence of a NPP could be realized. A detailed description of a set of displays for a graphical interface for the SON of the feedwater system is provided as an example of how the proposed approach could be realized, and a general account of how it would fit into the overall start-up sequence is given. Examples of {open_quotes}direct perception{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}ecological{close_quotes} configural state space displays to support the use of the proposed direct manipulation SOP interface are provided, and also a critical discussion which identifies some difficulties which may be anticipated should the general approach herein advocated be adopted.

  18. Development of a graphical user interface and graphics display for the WIND system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O`Steen, B.L.; Fast, J.D.; Suire, B.S.

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    An advanced graphical user interface (GUI) and improved graphics for transport calculations have been developed for the Weather Information and Display System (WINDS). Two WINDS transport codes, Area Evac and 2DPUF, have been ported from their original VAX/VMS environment to a UNIX operating system and reconfigured to take advantage of the new graphics capability. A developmental prototype of this software is now available on a UNIX based IBM 340 workstation in the Dose Assessment Center (DAC). Automatic transfer of meteorological data from the WINDS VAX computers to the IBM workstation in the DAC has been implemented. This includes both regional National Weather Service (NWS) data and SRS tower data. The above developments fulfill a FY 1993 DOE milestone.

  19. Development of a graphical user interface and graphics display for the WIND system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Steen, B.L.; Fast, J.D.; Suire, B.S.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An advanced graphical user interface (GUI) and improved graphics for transport calculations have been developed for the Weather Information and Display System (WINDS). Two WINDS transport codes, Area Evac and 2DPUF, have been ported from their original VAX/VMS environment to a UNIX operating system and reconfigured to take advantage of the new graphics capability. A developmental prototype of this software is now available on a UNIX based IBM 340 workstation in the Dose Assessment Center (DAC). Automatic transfer of meteorological data from the WINDS VAX computers to the IBM workstation in the DAC has been implemented. This includes both regional National Weather Service (NWS) data and SRS tower data. The above developments fulfill a FY 1993 DOE milestone.

  20. Method for determining and displaying the spacial distribution of a spectral pattern of received light

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bennett, Charles L. (Livermore, CA)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An imaging Fourier transform spectrometer (10, 210) having a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (12) providing a series of images (40) to a focal plane array camera (38). The focal plane array camera (38) is clocked to a multiple of zero crossing occurrences as caused by a moving mirror (18) of the Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (12) and as detected by a laser detector (50) such that the frame capture rate of the focal plane array camera (38) corresponds to a multiple of the zero crossing rate of the Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (12). The images (40) are transmitted to a computer (45) for processing such that representations of the images (40) as viewed in the light of an arbitrary spectral "fingerprint" pattern can be displayed on a monitor (60) or otherwise stored and manipulated by the computer (45).

  1. Method for determining and displaying the spacial distribution of a spectral pattern of received light

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bennett, C.L.

    1996-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    An imaging Fourier transform spectrometer is described having a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer providing a series of images to a focal plane array camera. The focal plane array camera is clocked to a multiple of zero crossing occurrences as caused by a moving mirror of the Fourier transform infrared spectrometer and as detected by a laser detector such that the frame capture rate of the focal plane array camera corresponds to a multiple of the zero crossing rate of the Fourier transform infrared spectrometer. The images are transmitted to a computer for processing such that representations of the images as viewed in the light of an arbitrary spectral ``fingerprint`` pattern can be displayed on a monitor or otherwise stored and manipulated by the computer. 2 figs.

  2. Pre-read and post-read annealing techniques for the Harshaw/Filtrol Inc. CaSO?:Dy beta TDL chip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarthy, Daniel Patrick

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is of particular importance to the overall characterization of the dosimeter. During routine use of a TLD chip there are a number of factors which may introduce error into the thermoluminescent (TL) output. Two of these factors include fading (instability... and increase the accuracy of the thermoluminescent (TL) output. These procedures are known as annealing. Annealing is the process of heating a TLD chip to predetermined temperatures, prior to irradiation and prior to reading, to increase sensitivity...

  3. A seamless acquisition digital storage oscilloscope with three-dimensional waveform display

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Kuojun, E-mail: kuojunyang@gmail.com; Guo, Lianping [School of Automation Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu (China) [School of Automation Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu (China); School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University (Singapore); Tian, Shulin; Zeng, Hao [School of Automation Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu (China)] [School of Automation Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu (China); Qiu, Lei [School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University (Singapore)] [School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University (Singapore)

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In traditional digital storage oscilloscope (DSO), sampled data need to be processed after each acquisition. During data processing, the acquisition is stopped and oscilloscope is blind to the input signal. Thus, this duration is called dead time. With the rapid development of modern electronic systems, the effect of infrequent events becomes significant. To capture these occasional events in shorter time, dead time in traditional DSO that causes the loss of measured signal needs to be reduced or even eliminated. In this paper, a seamless acquisition oscilloscope without dead time is proposed. In this oscilloscope, three-dimensional waveform mapping (TWM) technique, which converts sampled data to displayed waveform, is proposed. With this technique, not only the process speed is improved, but also the probability information of waveform is displayed with different brightness. Thus, a three-dimensional waveform is shown to the user. To reduce processing time further, parallel TWM which processes several sampled points simultaneously, and dual-port random access memory based pipelining technique which can process one sampling point in one clock period are proposed. Furthermore, two DDR3 (Double-Data-Rate Three Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory) are used for storing sampled data alternately, thus the acquisition can continue during data processing. Therefore, the dead time of DSO is eliminated. In addition, a double-pulse test method is adopted to test the waveform capturing rate (WCR) of the oscilloscope and a combined pulse test method is employed to evaluate the oscilloscope's capture ability comprehensively. The experiment results show that the WCR of the designed oscilloscope is 6?250?000 wfms/s (waveforms per second), the highest value in all existing oscilloscopes. The testing results also prove that there is no dead time in our oscilloscope, thus realizing the seamless acquisition.

  4. Action-centered display design: Observations and conclusions to HMI by applying digital I and C in main control rooms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Treier, C.; Zeck, K.; Weich, A.; Schildheuer, R. [Tuev Sued Energietechnik GmbH Baden-Wuerttemberg, Gottlieb-Daimler-Strasse 7, D-70794 (Germany)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the increasing use of digital I and C systems, the shift personnel in a Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) has the chance to dispose of new supporting methods that influence their actions directly or indirectly. Besides the automation of monitoring and control functions, the task- and problem-oriented increased number of (current state) information in screen based displays is to be mentioned. A few released screen based displays of a German NPP illustrate the influence on the course of action. Therefore the design of displays won't only be determined by the operating mode in future but displays themselves are influencing the operating mode offering both very compact and dynamic information that can directly be used in the operating mode. In order to be able to take these future key functions adequately and early into consideration when designing screen based displays, the development of design instruments like Style Guides with Good Practice methods and construction catalogues both on a company and on an company spanning level is essential: a challenging task for economy and science and also for standardization committees that shall be illustrated in the following report. (authors)

  5. STFC Introductory Summer School m.j.owens@reading.ac.uk18 Sept 2012 Solar Variability and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STFC Introductory Summer School m.j.owens@reading.ac.uk18 Sept 2012 Solar Variability and Climate · The climate system · Solar variability · Solar effects on climate ­ Regional and global effects · The future? #12;STFC Introductory Summer School m.j.owens@reading.ac.uk Climate system #12;The source of much

  6. Reading human relationships from their interaction with an interactive humanoid robot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kanda, Takayuki

    are different to traditional task-oriented robots, such as industrial robots, which perform certain tasks in limited applications. Interaction-oriented robots are designed to communicate with humans and to be ableReading human relationships from their interaction with an interactive humanoid robot Takayuki

  7. Academic Language Proficiency Development and Its Impact on Reading Comprehension: Within and Across Languages 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spies, Tracy

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A path model of second language (L2; English) oral language and reading comprehension variables was tested on a sample of 100 Spanish-speaking English-language learners enrolled in a transitional bilingual program over a 3-year period. The data...

  8. Stat 328 Reading on Six Sigma, TQM, Statistics and Business Process Improvement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vardeman, Stephen B.

    Stat 328 Reading on Six Sigma, TQM, Statistics and Business Process Improvement Primarily Adapted 28, 2001 1 Statistics and Six Sigma Programs The modern global business environment is ...ercely Sigma." The name originated at Motorola Corpo- ration in the late 1980's. Six Sigma programs at General

  9. Thursday, March 11, 2010 Pages to read: CH5, 407-422

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    Acid Rain Thursday, March 11, 2010 Pages to read: CH5, 407-422 #12;Cap and Trade Working Already rain, to 7.6 million tons in 2008. #12;Overview of Acid Rain Phenomenon Most common term Agency announced that power plants across the country decreased emissions of SO2, a precursor to acid

  10. The Use of a Dynamic Screening of Phonological Awareness to Predict Reading Risk for Kindergarten Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bridges, Melinda Sittner

    2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    , Ph.D., Chairperson* ________________________________ Diane Frome Loeb, Ph.D. Committee Members ________________________________ Diane C. Nielsen, Ph.D. ________________________________ Mabel L. Rice, Ph... AWARENESS TO PREDICT READING RISK FOR KINDERGARTEN STUDENTS Committee: ________________________________ Hugh W. Catts, Ph.D., Chairperson ________________________________ Diane Frome Loeb, Ph...

  11. How To Write A Dissertation Bedtime Reading For People Who Do Not

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    1 How To Write A Dissertation or Bedtime Reading For People Who Do Not Have Time To Sleep To The Candidate: So, you are preparing to write a Ph.D. dissertation in an experimental area of Computer Science is a hypothesis or conjecture. 2. A PhD dissertation is a lengthy, formal document that argues in defense

  12. PLEASE READ ALL INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE BEGINNING INVENTORY Procedures for Completing Annual Capital Equipment Inventory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provancher, William

    PLEASE READ ALL INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE BEGINNING INVENTORY Procedures for Completing Annual Capital Equipment Inventory 1. Check off each item on the inventory report, as it is located. Place one of the small white inventory FY 2011 stickers on the equipment, as it is located. This will eliminate counting

  13. Directional Statistics for WIMP direct detection II: 2-d read-out

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben Morgan; Anne M. Green

    2005-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The direction dependence of the WIMP direct detection rate provides a powerful tool for distinguishing a WIMP signal from possible backgrounds. We study the the number of events required to discriminate a WIMP signal from an isotropic background for a detector with 2-d read-out using non-parametric circular statistics. We also examine the number of events needed to i) detect a deviation from rotational symmetry, due to flattening of the Milky Way halo and ii) detect a deviation in the mean direction due to a tidal stream. If the senses of the recoils are measured then of order 20-70 events (depending on the plane of the 2-d read out) will be sufficient to reject isotropy of the raw recoil angles at 90% confidence. If the senses can not be measured these number increase by roughly two orders of magnitude (compared with an increase of one order of magnitude for the case of full 3-d read-out). The distributions of the reduced angles, with the (time dependent) direction of solar motion subtracted, are far more anisotropic, however, and if the isotropy tests are applied to these angles then the numbers of events required are similar to the case of 3-d read-out. A deviation from rotational symmetry will only be detectable if the Milky Way halo is significantly flattened. The deviation in the mean direction due to a tidal stream is potentially detectable, however, depending on the density and direction of the stream.

  14. COM Oasis M4 Lottery Instructions READ THIS BEFORE YOU BEGIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alford, Simon

    COM Oasis M4 Lottery Instructions · READ THIS BEFORE YOU BEGIN ­ Available to assist you at `Scheduling Forms and Calendars" ­ With a completed worksheet in hand, you can begin working in Oasis to enter frame/start date. ­ You can include up to a maximum of 250 preference choices in Oasis for your rank

  15. Empowered by Solomon, Slate reads and solves the Dreadsbury Mansion Mystery. New Developments in Interoperability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Empowered by Solomon, Slate reads and solves the Dreadsbury Mansion Mystery. New Developments Slate and other systems has been achieved using IKL. IKL is flexible, highly expressive, and designed purposes. The ultimate test was the IKRIS Capstone Demo in which Slate, KANI, and Noöscape shared knowl

  16. Can your dog read your mind? Understanding the causes of canine perspective taking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    Can your dog read your mind? Understanding the causes of canine perspective taking Monique A. R, some have hypothesized that domestic dogs may have theory of mind, or the ability to infer what other lupus . Perspective taking . Social cognition . Theory of mind . Domestication . Dog shelter. Learning

  17. Read the labels Compact interferometers that exploit the wave character of atoms have the potential of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 ATOM CHIPS Read the labels Compact interferometers that exploit the wave character of atoms have that harnesses the internal structure of atoms should bring such applications a step closer. Chris Westbrook Atom is increased by the ratio of their rest energy to the energy of the photon -- some ten orders of magnitude1

  18. An Algorithm to Learn ReadOnce Threshold Formulas, and some Generic Transformations between Learning Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eckmiller, Rolf

    An Algorithm to Learn Read­Once Threshold Formulas, and some Generic Transformations between@cpsc.ucalgary.ca Thomas R. Hancock y Siemens Corporate Research, Inc. 755 College Road East Princeton, NJ 08540 e­mail: hancock@learning.scr.siemens.com Lisa Hellerstein z Department of EECS Northwestern University 2145

  19. An Algorithm to Learn Read-Once Threshold Formulas, and some Generic Transformations between Learning Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eckmiller, Rolf

    An Algorithm to Learn Read-Once Threshold Formulas, and some Generic Transformations between. Hancocky Siemens Corporate Research, Inc. 755 College Road East Princeton, NJ 08540 e-mail: hancock@learning.scr.siemens of generic transformations that can be used to convert an algorithm in one learning model into an algorithm

  20. Reinforcement Learning in the brain Reading: Y Niv, Reinforcement learning in the brain, 2009.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seriès, Peggy

    basic types of animal conditioning animal learning) ow do these relate to RL? 20 Monday, 8 March 2010Reinforcement Learning in the brain · Reading: Y Niv, Reinforcement learning in the brain, 2009. wo Reinforcement learning and the brain: the problems we face all day · Decision making at all levels

  1. Assembly free comparative genomics of short-read sequence data discovers the needles in the haystack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Assembly free comparative genomics of short-read sequence data discovers the needles of Biological Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA Abstract Most comparative genomic analyses an assembly free analysis of SRS data that discovers sequence variants among focal genomes by tabulating

  2. Learning ReadOnce Formulas with Queries Dana Angluin \\Lambda Lisa Hellerstein y Marek Karpinski z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hellerstein, Lisa

    ­once formulas [26]. We also show that no polynomial time algorithm using only membership queries or only kinds of queries. The main results are a polynomial time algorithm for exact identification of monotone on the notion of a minimally adequate teacher [1]). Our results improve on Valiant's previous results for read

  3. 16. Wave-particle interaction Reading: Shu, Vol.II, Ch.29

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pohl, Martin Karl Wilhelm

    16. Wave-particle interaction Reading: Shu, Vol.II, Ch.29 16.1 Landau damping We started our discussion of hydromagnetic waves with simple one-dimensional electrostatic fluctuations, the Langmuir waves, whose dispersion relation is = p = e2 ne 0 me Can the waves change plasma properties or, vice versa

  4. Evaluation of DysWebxia: A Reading App Designed for People with Dyslexia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evaluation of DysWebxia: A Reading App Designed for People with Dyslexia Luz Rello Web Research for people with dyslexia. DysWebxia integrates previous results about the best way to present text for people with dyslexia to gether with a unique feature, the ability to show synonyms on demand for complex words

  5. Motion Detection, LetterPosition Encoding, and Single WordReading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Peter

    with dyslexia find it un- usually difficult to detect flickering or moving visual stimuli, consis- tent of Dyslexia,Vol.48, 1998 Copyright~ 1998by The International Dyslexia Association ISSN 0736-9387 155 #12). Such children are commonly described as having developmental dyslexia. Given that reading requires a rapid

  6. Rhythm Reproduction in Kindergarten, Reading Performance at Second Grade, and Developmental Dyslexia Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Dyslexia Theories Georges Dellatolasa,b,*, Laurence Watierb, Marie-The´re`se Le Normanda, Todd Lubarta to read. In 1951, Stambak provided preliminary evi- dence that children with dyslexia performed less well-related theories of developmental dyslexia. It is con- cluded that simple rhythm reproduction tasks in kindergarten

  7. Impaired Oral Reading in Surface Dyslexia: Detailed Comparison of a Patient and a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plaut, David C.

    Impaired Oral Reading in Surface Dyslexia: Detailed Comparison of a Patient and a Connectionist connectionist network. ¤ Both MP and the network exhibit the characteristic pattern of surface dyslexia system masters some but not all exception words, and that surface dyslexia arises when this system

  8. Creating a Computer Science Canon: a Course of "Classic" Readings in Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisenberg, Michael A.

    Creating a Computer Science Canon: a Course of "Classic" Readings in Computer Science Michael Eisenberg Department of Computer Science and Institute of Cognitive Science University of Colorado Boulder, CO 80309-0430 duck@cs.colorado.edu Abstract Computer science has a reputation of being a discipline

  9. Tips for Reading Scholarly and Journal Articles What is a scholarly journal/journal article?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    the article, be SURE to cite the source, see Brandeis' Academic Integrity page *** Quoting for definitionsTips for Reading Scholarly and Journal Articles What is a scholarly journal/journal article articles in them are how that knowledge is shared with others (like students!). In order to stay up

  10. HOW TO READ A DARS REPORT A tutorial for undergraduate Harpur College students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    HOW TO READ A DARS REPORT A tutorial for undergraduate Harpur College students Created April 2011 #12;WHAT IS THE DARS REPORT? DARS stands for Degree Audit Reporting System. The DARS report is a tool to assist you in determining requirements for graduation. The DARS does not replace your Harpur

  11. Two Experiments Comparing Reading with Listening for Human Processing of Conversational Telephone Speech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Two Experiments Comparing Reading with Listening for Human Processing of Conversational Telephone of no experiment that directly compares Switchboard and Fishertype CTS transcripts with audio in terms of human. Abstract We report on results of two experiments designed to compare subjects' ability to extract

  12. Device-independent quantum reading and noise-assisted quantum transmitters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wojciech Roga; Daniela Buono; Fabrizio Illuminati

    2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    In quantum reading, a quantum state of light (transmitter) is applied to read classical information. In the presence of noise or for sufficiently weak signals, quantum reading can outperform classical reading by enhanced state distinguishability. Here we show that the enhanced quantum efficiency depends on the presence in the transmitter of a particular type of quantum correlations, the discord of response. Different encodings and transmitters give rise to different levels of efficiency. Considering noisy quantum probes we show that squeezed thermal transmitters with non-symmetrically distributed noise among the field modes yield a higher quantum efficiency compared to coherent thermal quantum states. The noise-enhanced quantum advantage is a consequence of the discord of response being a non-decreasing function of increasing thermal noise under constant squeezing, a behavior that leads to an increased state distinguishability. We finally show that, for non-symmetric squeezed thermal states, the probability of error, as measured by the quantum Chernoff bound, vanishes asymptotically with increasing local thermal noise at finite global squeezing. Therefore, at fixed finite squeezing, noisy but strongly discordant quantum states with large noise imbalance between the field modes can outperform noisy classical resources as well as pure entangled transmitters with the same finite level of squeezing.

  13. Setup, tests and results for the ATLAS TileCal Read Out Driver production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valero, Alberto; Castillo, V; Cuenca, C; Ferrer, A; Fullana, E; González, V; Higón, E; Munar, A; Poveda, J; Ruiz-Martínez, A; Salvachúa, B; Sanchís, E; Solans, C; Soret, J; Torres, J; Valls, J A

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we describe the performance and test results of the production of the 38 ATLAS TileCal Read Out Drivers (RODs). We first describe the basic hardware specifications and firmware functionality of the modules, the test-bench setup used for production and the test procedure to qualify the boards. We then finally show and discuss the performance results.

  14. Study of Solid State Photon Detectors Read Out of Scintillator Tiles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; E. Kuznetsova; P. Patteri; M. Piccolo

    2009-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We present preliminary results on efficiency and light collection uniformity read out performances of different assemblies of scintillator tiles, coupled with solid state photon detectors of different make. Our test beam data suggest that the use of 2 mm scintillator tiles without wavelength shifting fibers may be possible in an ILC hadron calorimeter.

  15. SOAP3: GPU-based Compressed Indexing and Ultra-fast Parallel Alignment of Short Reads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lam, Tak-Wah

    Kong Zhiheng Li, Ruibang Luo, Bingqiang Wang, Chang Yu Beijing Genome Institute, Shenzhen, China-throughput software to align the enormous number of short reads (patterns) with reference genomes (such as the human genome). In the past few years, a number of very fast alignment software (e.g., Maq, SOAP2, ZOOM, Bowtie

  16. Oasis A New System to Acquire and Display the Analog Signals for LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deghaye, S; Kozar, J; Serrano, J

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To cope with the user requirements for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) era, a new system has to be developed for the acquisition and display of analog signals in the accelerator domain. OASIS, the Open Analog Signals Information System, extends the capabilities of the existing 'new Analogue observation system' (nAos) in many fronts : new acquisition hardware is supported to provide higher analog bandwidth to the users, a new distributed triggering scheme has been designed for greater flexibility and the software has been completely redesigned with openness in mind to allow easy upgrading and maintainability. This paper describes the architecture chosen to satisfy the new user requirements. The solution involves three tiers and makes use of the J2EE platform to communicate between the GUI and the middle tier. The front-end tier runs on Linux PCs in CompactPCI format, to support fast digitizer modules. A first prototype system, used for the extraction tests from the Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) to the LHC, is...

  17. Characterization of Epitaxial Film Silicon Solar Cells Grown on Seeded Display Glass: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, D. L.; Grover, S.; Teplin, C.; Stradins, P.; LaSalvia, V.; Chuang, T. K.; Couillard, J. G.; Branz, H. M.

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report characterizations of epitaxial film crystal silicon (c-Si) solar cells with open-circuit voltages (Voc) above 560 mV. The 2-um absorber cells are grown by low-temperature (<750 degrees C) hot-wire CVD (HWCVD) on Corning EAGLE XG display glass coated with a layer-transferred (LT) Si seed. The high Voc is a result of low-defect epitaxial Si (epi-Si) growth and effective hydrogen passivation of defects. The quality of HWCVD epitaxial growth on seeded glass substrates depends on the crystallographic quality of the seed and the morphology of the epitaxial growth surface. Heterojunction devices consist of glass/c-Si LT seed/ epi n+ Si:P/epi n- Si:P/intrinsic a-Si:H/p+ a-Si:H/ITO. Similar devices grown on electronically 'dead' n+ wafers have given Voc {approx}630 mV and {approx}8% efficiency with no light trapping features. Here we study the effects of the seed surface polish on epi-Si quality, how hydrogenation influences the device character, and the dominant junction transport physics.

  18. Display device for indicating the value of a parameter in a process plant

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Scarola, Kenneth (Windsor, CT); Jamison, David S. (Windsor, CT); Manazir, Richard M. (North Canton, CT); Rescorl, Robert L. (Vernon, CT); Harmon, Daryl L. (Enfield, CT)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An advanced control room complex for a nuclear power plant, including a discrete indicator and alarm system (72) which is nuclear qualified for rapid response to changes in plant parameters and a component control system (64) which together provide a discrete monitoring and control capability at a panel (14-22, 26, 28) in the control room (10). A separate data processing system (70), which need not be nuclear qualified, provides integrated and overview information to the control room and to each panel, through CRTs (84) and a large, overhead integrated process status overview board (24). The discrete indicator and alarm system (72) and the data processing system (70) receive inputs from common plant sensors and validate the sensor outputs to arrive at a representative value of the parameter for use by the operator during both normal and accident conditions, thereby avoiding the need for him to assimilate data from each sensor individually. The integrated process status board (24) is at the apex of an information hierarchy that extends through four levels and provides access at each panel to the full display hierarchy. The control room panels are preferably of a modular construction, permitting the definition of inputs and outputs, the man machine interface, and the plant specific algorithms, to proceed in parallel with the fabrication of the panels, the installation of the equipment and the generic testing thereof.

  19. The relationship between reading comprehension skill assessment methods and academic success for first semester students in a selected Bachelor of Science in Nursing program in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Jennifer D. M.

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This retrospective descriptive study addressed the relationship between reading comprehension skills as measured by the Nelson-Denny Reading Test and the Nurse Entrance Test and indices of academic success (i.e., grade ...

  20. Phonological and semantic influences on auditory word perception in children with and without reading impairments using magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehner, Daniel T

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Children with dyslexia struggle with learning to read despite adequate intelligence, motivation, and schooling. Over the years, there has been a growing consensus about the role of phonological processing in reading ...

  1. Figure 1. HomeWindow showing the energy usage of several monitors, displays, and computers with colored

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Saul

    Figure 1. HomeWindow showing the energy usage of several monitors, displays, and computers with colored auras. Red is high usage while green is low usage. HomeWindow: An Augmented Reality Domestic that reflects its current and historical energy use. Categories and Subject Descriptors H.5.2 [Information

  2. Talk to the Virtual Hands: Self-Animated Avatars Improve Communication in Head-Mounted Display Virtual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Talk to the Virtual Hands: Self-Animated Avatars Improve Communication in Head-Mounted Display Virtual Environments Trevor J. Dodds1 *, Betty J. Mohler1 , Heinrich H. Bu¨ lthoff1,2 1 Human Perception¨lthoff HH (2011) Talk to the Virtual Hands: Self-Animated Avatars Improve Communication in Head

  3. 304 JOURNAL OF DISPLAY TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 3, NO. 3, SEPTEMBER 2007 Amorphous Silicon Thin-Film Transistor Backplanes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ. A. Z. Kattamis, I.-C. Cheng, K. Long, B-Film Transistor Backplanes Deposited at 200 C on Clear Plastic for Lamination to Electrophoretic Displays Alex Z. Kattamis, I-Chun Cheng, Ke Long, Bahman Hekmatshoar, Kunigunde H. Cherenack, Sigurd Wagner, James C. Sturm

  4. Central auditory neurons display flexible feature recombination1 Running head: Flexible logic of central auditory neurons3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gentner, Timothy

    these operations in individual neurons, violating the fixed neuron-to-38 computation mapping posited in the state but are generic, the flexible neuron-to-computation mapping43 demonstrated in this study in the auditory system1 Central auditory neurons display flexible feature recombination1 functions2 Running head

  5. FrameBox and MirrorBox: Tools and Guidelines to Support Designers in Prototyping Interfaces for 3D Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BMW Group 3 University of Stuttgart Media Informatics Group Research & Technology VIS AmalienstraÃ?e 17 firstname.lastname@ifi.lmu.de Nora.NB.Broy@bmw.de firstname.lastname@vis.uni-stuttgart.de Figure 1: We 3D displays are nowadays widely available for entertainment in cinemas or home environments. While

  6. A strategic partnership with the University of Exeter A logo representing an equal partenership or collaboration should be displayed at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bristol, University of

    Example B A strategic partnership with the University of Exeter · A logo representing an equal partenership or collaboration should be displayed at the bottom left of the letter. The logo can be smaller or equal size to the UoB logo but MUST NOT be larger (see Example A). A brief caption should also

  7. Electrochemical formation of field emitters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bernhardt, Anthony F. (Berkeley, CA)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrochemical formation of field emitters, particularly useful in the fabrication of flat panel displays. The fabrication involves field emitting points in a gated field emitter structure. Metal field emitters are formed by electroplating and the shape of the formed emitter is controlled by the potential imposed on the gate as well as on a separate counter electrode. This allows sharp emitters to be formed in a more inexpensive and manufacturable process than vacuum deposition processes used at present. The fabrication process involves etching of the gate metal and the dielectric layer down to the resistor layer, and then electroplating the etched area and forming an electroplated emitter point in the etched area.

  8. Method for synthesizing fine-grained phosphor powders of the type (RE{sub 1{minus}x}Ln{sub x})(P{sub 1{minus}y}V{sub y})O{sub 4}

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Phillips, M.L.F.

    1998-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for generating well-crystallized photo- and cathodoluminescent oxide phosphor powders is disclosed. The method of this invention uses hydrothermal synthesis and annealing to produce nearly monosized (RE{sub 1{minus}x}Ln{sub x})(P{sub 1{minus}y}V{sub y}O{sub 4}) (Ln{double_bond}Ce{yields}Lu) phosphor grains with crystallite sizes from 0.04 to 5 {micro}m. Such phosphors find application in cathode-ray tube, flat-panel, and projection displays. 4 figs.

  9. Method of improving field emission characteristics of diamond thin films

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Krauss, A.R.; Gruen, D.M.

    1999-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of preparing diamond thin films with improved field emission properties is disclosed. The method includes preparing a diamond thin film on a substrate, such as Mo, W, Si and Ni. An atmosphere of hydrogen (molecular or atomic) can be provided above the already deposited film to form absorbed hydrogen to reduce the work function and enhance field emission properties of the diamond film. In addition, hydrogen can be absorbed on intergranular surfaces to enhance electrical conductivity of the diamond film. The treated diamond film can be part of a microtip array in a flat panel display. 3 figs.

  10. Method of improving field emission characteristics of diamond thin films

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Krauss, Alan R. (Naperville, IL); Gruen, Dieter M. (Downer Grove, IL)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of preparing diamond thin films with improved field emission properties. The method includes preparing a diamond thin film on a substrate, such as Mo, W, Si and Ni. An atmosphere of hydrogen (molecular or atomic) can be provided above the already deposited film to form absorbed hydrogen to reduce the work function and enhance field emission properties of the diamond film. In addition, hydrogen can be absorbed on intergranular surfaces to enhance electrical conductivity of the diamond film. The treated diamond film can be part of a microtip array in a flat panel display.

  11. Large area, surface discharge pumped, vacuum ultraviolet light source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sze, Robert C. (Santa Fe, NM); Quigley, Gerard P. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Large area, surface discharge pumped, vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) light source. A contamination-free VUV light source having a 225 cm.sup.2 emission area in the 240-340 nm region of the electromagnetic spectrum with an average output power in this band of about 2 J/cm.sup.2 at a wall-plug efficiency of approximately 5% is described. Only ceramics and metal parts are employed in this surface discharge source. Because of the contamination-free, high photon energy and flux, and short pulse characteristics of the source, it is suitable for semiconductor and flat panel display material processing.

  12. Large area, surface discharge pumped, vacuum ultraviolet light source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sze, R.C.; Quigley, G.P.

    1996-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Large area, surface discharge pumped, vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) light source is disclosed. A contamination-free VUV light source having a 225 cm{sup 2} emission area in the 240-340 nm region of the electromagnetic spectrum with an average output power in this band of about 2 J/cm{sup 2} at a wall-plug efficiency of approximately 5% is described. Only ceramics and metal parts are employed in this surface discharge source. Because of the contamination-free, high photon energy and flux, and short pulse characteristics of the source, it is suitable for semiconductor and flat panel display material processing. 3 figs.

  13. Rensselaer Multimedia Facilities Facilities listed below are equipped for display of computers, or an installed DVD/VCR. Auxiliary connections are available to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linhardt, Robert J.

    Rensselaer Multimedia Facilities Facilities listed below are equipped for display of computers for Multimedia support, please navigate to http://mms.rpi.edu. #12;

  14. Staff Radiation Doses in a Real-Time Display Inside the Angiography Room

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanchez, Roberto, E-mail: rmsanchez.hcsc@salud.madrid.org; Vano, E.; Fernandez, J. M. [Hospital Clinico San Carlos, Medical Physics Department (Spain); Gallego, J. J. [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Radiology Department (Spain)

    2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    MethodsThe evaluation of a new occupational Dose Aware System (DAS) showing staff radiation doses in real time has been carried out in several angiography rooms in our hospital. The system uses electronic solid-state detectors with high-capacity memory storage. Every second, it archives the dose and dose rate measured and is wirelessly linked to a base-station screen mounted close to the diagnostic monitors. An easy transfer of the values to a data sheet permits further analysis of the scatter dose profile measured during the procedure, compares it with patient doses, and seeks to find the most effective actions to reduce operator exposure to radiation.ResultsThe cumulative occupational doses measured per procedure (shoulder-over lead apron) ranged from 0.6 to 350 {mu}Sv when the ceiling-suspended screen was used, and DSA (Digital Subtraction Acquisition) runs were acquired while the personnel left the angiography room. When the suspended screen was not used and radiologists remained inside the angiography room during DSA acquisitions, the dose rates registered at the operator's position reached up to 1-5 mSv/h during fluoroscopy and 12-235 mSv/h during DSA acquisitions. In such case, the cumulative scatter dose could be more than 3 mSv per procedure.ConclusionReal-time display of doses to staff members warns interventionists whenever the scatter dose rates are too high or the radiation protection tools are not being properly used, providing an opportunity to improve personal protection accordingly.

  15. Solar powered desalination system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateo, Tiffany Alisa

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2: dual bed colloidal suspension Type 3: fixed flat panel2: dual bed colloidal suspension Type 3: fixed flat panelBed Colloidal Suspension…………….37 Figure 1.18: Type 3 PEC System Reactor, Fixed

  16. Eric Slud 8/29/01 Reading List for AMSC 699 Genomics Seminar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    , P., Brown, P., and Botstein, D. (1998) Cluster analysis and display of genome-wide expression, Eisen, M., . . ., Botstein, D., Brown, P., and Staudt, L. (2000) Distinct types of diffuse large B.g., high-school biology texts, or e.g. the text in BIOL 105, Campbell, Reece, and Mitchell, Biology, 5th ed

  17. Learning to Read Chinese: The Relative Roles of Phonological Awareness and Morphological Awareness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Yi-Chih

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    …...72 1 Chapter I: Introduction In the past few decades, phonological awareness has received much attention in reading research (e.g., Adams, 1990; Goswami & Bryant, 1990). In contrast, morphological awareness has not been extensively discussed..., 1991). Syllable awareness develops earlier than onset-rime awareness, which, in turn, develops earlier than phonemic awareness (Goswami & Bryant, 1990). While the development of syllable awareness and onset-rime awareness is affected by oral language...

  18. Exploring interests: are there relationships among general interests, reading interests, and personality dimensions?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Courtney Ann

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    . In 1992, Norton wrote the book entitled The Impact of Literature-based Reading. In this text, she identified five book categories: folklore, modern fantasy, poetry, contemporary realistic fiction, and historical fiction... together because they are all rooted in fact (Norton, 1992). Even though elements of the stories presented in historical fiction texts did not actually happen, 10 27 the writings still contain accurate information for the particular time period...

  19. RF Characteristics of Room-Temperature-Deposited, Small Gate Dimension Indium Zinc Oxide TFTs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pearton, Stephen J.

    .16 These transparent conducting oxides may also be used as electrodes in solar cells and flat-panel

  20. A review of "Opening Scripture: Bible Reading and Interpretive Authority in New England." by Lisa M. Gordis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ira Clark

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    210 SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS Lisa M. Gordis. Opening Scripture: Bible Reading and Interpretive Authority in Puritan New England. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2003. xi + 309 pp. $39.00. Review by IRA CLARK, UNIVERSITY...