Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flared marketed production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Forest Products Marketing -LITHUANIA Market Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forest Products Marketing - LITHUANIA Market Information Systems ­ principles and practice Experience from Lithuania Presentation by: Dr. A. Gaizutis Marketing department of Vilnius University Chairman, Forest Owners Association of LITHUANIA Workshop:" Forest Products Marketing - from principles

2

Natural Gas Marketed Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Wellhead Price Marketed Production Period: Monthly Annual Wellhead Price Marketed Production Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History U.S. 2,085,518 2,166,183 2,097,434 2,188,208 2,188,379 2,104,808 1973-2013 Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico 116,480 112,975 102,113 109,113 102,493 105,284 1997-2013 Alabama NA NA NA NA NA NA 1989-2013 Alaska 29,725 27,904 25,445 23,465 23,613 25,916 1989-2013 Arizona NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Arkansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 California NA NA NA NA NA NA 1989-2013 Colorado NA NA NA NA NA NA 1989-2013 Florida NA NA NA NA NA NA 1989-2013

3

Total Marketed Production ..............  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

billion cubic feet per day) billion cubic feet per day) Total Marketed Production .............. 68.95 69.77 70.45 71.64 71.91 71.70 71.46 71.57 72.61 72.68 72.41 72.62 70.21 71.66 72.58 Alaska ......................................... 1.04 0.91 0.79 0.96 1.00 0.85 0.77 0.93 0.97 0.83 0.75 0.91 0.93 0.88 0.87 Federal GOM (a) ......................... 3.93 3.64 3.44 3.82 3.83 3.77 3.73 3.50 3.71 3.67 3.63 3.46 3.71 3.70 3.62 Lower 48 States (excl GOM) ...... 63.97 65.21 66.21 66.86 67.08 67.08 66.96 67.14 67.92 68.18 68.02 68.24 65.58 67.07 68.09 Total Dry Gas Production .............. 65.46 66.21 66.69 67.79 68.03 67.83 67.61 67.71 68.69 68.76 68.50 68.70 66.55 67.79 68.66 Gross Imports ................................ 8.48 7.60 7.80 7.95 8.27 7.59 7.96 7.91 7.89 7.17 7.61 7.73 7.96 7.93 7.60 Pipeline ........................................

4

The production of high energy particles in solar flares  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A neutral point theory of solar flares might be tenable if sunspots were formed from flux tubes protruding through the photosphere. Such a mechanism is consistent with the point-like nature of a flare at its o...

P. A. Sweet

1958-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Federal Offshore California Natural Gas Marketed Production ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Marketed Production (Million Cubic Feet) Federal Offshore California Natural Gas Marketed Production (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

6

Biomass-Derived Energy Products and Co-Products Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biomass-Derived Energy Products and Co-Products Market This report identifies the bio-fuels and co & Earth Science & Technology ­ University of Hawai`i at Manoa #12;Biomass-Derived Energy Products and Co agency thereof. #12;Biomass Derived Energy Products and Co- Products Market and Off-take Study Hawaii

7

Enhancing marketing with engineering: Optimal product line design for heterogeneous markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Enhancing marketing with engineering: Optimal product line design for heterogeneous markets Jeremy design and development often require a balance of technical and market tradeoffs. Quantitative methods with an eye toward market consequences, particularly when heterogeneous market preferences make

Michalek, Jeremy J.

8

ENHANCING MARKETING WITH ENGINEERING: OPTIMAL PRODUCT LINE DESIGN FOR HETEROGENEOUS MARKETS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENHANCING MARKETING WITH ENGINEERING: OPTIMAL PRODUCT LINE DESIGN FOR HETEROGENEOUS MARKETS Jeremy Engineering University of Michigan Summer 2010 Forthcoming in International Journal of Research in Marketing of Business. #12;- 1 - ENHANCING MARKETING WITH ENGINEERING: OPTIMAL PRODUCT LINE DESIGN FOR HETEROGENEOUS

Papalambros, Panos

9

ENHANCING MARKETING WITH ENGINEERING: OPTIMAL PRODUCT LINE DESIGN FOR HETEROGENEOUS MARKETS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENHANCING MARKETING WITH ENGINEERING: OPTIMAL PRODUCT LINE DESIGN FOR HETEROGENEOUS MARKETS Jeremy Engineering University of Michigan Conditionally accepted at International Journal of Research in Marketing Manufacturing Systems Engineering Research Center, and Ross School of Business. #12;- 1 - ENHANCING MARKETING

Michalek, Jeremy J.

10

,"New York Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"182015 12:50:58 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9050NY2" "Date","New York...

11

ECE / FAO Forest Products Annual Market Review, 1998-1999 ____________________________________________ 47 FOREST PRODUCTS IN THE ELECTRONIC MARKET  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of availability, while actual transactions take place in electronic markets. #12ECE / FAO Forest Products Annual Market Review, 1998-1999 ____________________________________________ 47 CHAPTER 6 FOREST PRODUCTS IN THE ELECTRONIC MARKET PLACE Highlights · The Internet, as a new

12

ECE / FAO Forest Products Annual Market Review, 1998-1999 ____________________________________________ 47 FOREST PRODUCTS IN THE ELECTRONIC MARKET  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of availability, while actual transactions take place in electronic markets. httpECE / FAO Forest Products Annual Market Review, 1998-1999 ____________________________________________ 47 CHAPTER 6 FOREST PRODUCTS IN THE ELECTRONIC MARKET PLACE Highlights · The Internet, as a new

13

Wood Products Marketing And Value-Added Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Products Marketing And Value-Added Opportunities In Latin America: A Focus on Brazil Richard Vlosky, Ph.D. Professor-Forest Products Marketing Interim Director-Louisiana Forest Products Laboratory Industry Strategic Services & Publisher: WOOD Markets Monthly newsletter WOOD Markets 2002 - The Solid Wood

14

Production Methods and New Markets for Texas Florist Crops.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OF PRODUCTION: 6 weeks at 56 = 306. 30d + 4 = 7.54 per market-pak. Add cost of seedlings and market-pak.. MARKET ACCEPTANCE: Excellent. NAME OF CROP: Heliotrope (Heliotropium arbores- cens). PRODUCTION AND MARKETING PERIOD: Spring months. METHOD...

Sorensen, H. B.; DeWerth, A.F.; Jensen, E. R.

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Texas--State Offshore Natural Gas Marketed Production (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Marketed Production (Million Cubic Feet) Texas--State Offshore Natural Gas Marketed Production (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

16

Federal Offshore--Texas Natural Gas Marketed Production (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Marketed Production (Million Cubic Feet) Federal Offshore--Texas Natural Gas Marketed Production (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

17

Louisiana--State Offshore Natural Gas Marketed Production (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Marketed Production (Million Cubic Feet) Louisiana--State Offshore Natural Gas Marketed Production (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

18

Alabama--State Offshore Natural Gas Marketed Production (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Marketed Production (Million Cubic Feet) Alabama--State Offshore Natural Gas Marketed Production (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

19

Alaska--State Offshore Natural Gas Marketed Production (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Marketed Production (Million Cubic Feet) Alaska--State Offshore Natural Gas Marketed Production (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

20

California--State Offshore Natural Gas Marketed Production (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Marketed Production (Million Cubic Feet) California--State Offshore Natural Gas Marketed Production (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flared marketed production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Federal Offshore--Alabama Natural Gas Marketed Production (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Marketed Production (Million Cubic Feet) Federal Offshore--Alabama Natural Gas Marketed Production (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

22

Federal Offshore--Louisiana Natural Gas Marketed Production ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Marketed Production (Million Cubic Feet) Federal Offshore--Louisiana Natural Gas Marketed Production (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

23

Wood Products Marketing And Value-Added Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Products Marketing And Value-Added Opportunities Richard Vlosky, Ph.D. Professor-Forest Products Marketing Interim Director-Louisiana Forest Products Laboratory School of Renewable Natural, R.E. Taylor & Associates Ltd. Forest Industry Strategic Services & Publisher: WOOD Markets Monthly

24

Marketing of Tropical Hardwood Wood Products from Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marketing of Tropical Hardwood Wood Products from Ghana: An Exploratory Study Kofi Poku Richard Vlosky Forest Products Marketing Program Louisiana Forest Products Laboratory Louisiana State University Agricultural Center #12;Overview · Background - the forest of Ghana · Current forest industry and market

25

Forest Products Market Information Systems in the UNECE region.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forest Products Market Information Systems in the UNECE region. L. Farquharson August 2007 #12;#12;A report into Forest Products Market Information Systems_____________________________ 1 1. EXECUTIVE____________________________________________________15 #12;2 ____________________________ A report into Forest Products Market Information Systems 2 1

26

Gasoline Prices Also Influenced by Regional Gasoline Product Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Notes: Next we examine the wholesale market's added contribution to gasoline price variation and analyze the factors that impact the gasoline balance. There are two points to take away from this chart: The U.S. market moves with the world market, as can be seen with the high inventories in 1998, being drawn down to low levels during 1999. Crude and product markets are not independent. Crude oil and product markets move together fairly closely, with some lead/lag effects during transitions. The relationship between international crude oil markets and domestic product markets raises another issue. A subtle, but very important point, lost in recent discussions of gasoline price increases: The statement has been made that crude markets are not a factor in this past spring's high gasoline prices, since crude prices were

27

Linkages between the markets for crude oil and the markets for refined products  

SciTech Connect

To understand the crude oil price determination process it is necessary to extend the analysis beyond the markets for petroleum. Crude oil prices are determined in two closely related markets: the markets for crude oil and the markets for refined products. An econometric-linear programming model was developed to capture the linkages between the markets for crude oil and refined products. In the LP refiners maximize profits given crude oil supplies, refining capacities, and prices of refined products. The objective function is profit maximization net of crude oil prices. The shadow price on crude oil gives the netback price. Refined product prices are obtained from the econometric models. The model covers the free world divided in five regions. The model is used to analyze the impacts on the markets of policies that affect crude oil supplies, the demands for refined products, and the refining industry. For each scenario analyzed the demand for crude oil is derived from the equilibrium conditions in the markets for products. The demand curve is confronted with a supply curve which maximizes revenues providing an equilibrium solution for both crude oil and product markets. The model also captures crude oil price differentials by quality. The results show that the demands for crude oil are different across regions due to the structure of the refining industries and the characteristics of the demands for refined products. Changes in the demands for products have a larger impact on the markets than changes in the refining industry. Since markets for refined products and crude oil are interrelated they can't be analyzed individually if an accurate and complete assessment of a policy is to be made. Changes in only one product market in one region affect the other product markets and the prices of crude oil.

Didziulis, V.S.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Guiding Market Introduction of High-Performance SSL Products  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Lighting. buyer dissatisfaction and delay of market development. Activities include: LED Lighting Facts. DOE's LED Lighting Facts program is a product verification program...

29

,"Alabama--State Offshore Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Alabama--State Offshore Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2013 ,"Release Date:","1302015"...

30

,"Federal Offshore--Texas Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Federal Offshore--Texas Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf)",1,"Annual",1998 ,"Release Date:","1...

31

,"California--State Offshore Natural Gas Marketed Production...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California--State Offshore Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2013 ,"Release Date:","1302015"...

32

,"Louisiana--State Offshore Natural Gas Marketed Production ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Louisiana--State Offshore Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2013 ,"Release Date:","1302015"...

33

,"Alaska--State Offshore Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Alaska--State Offshore Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2013 ,"Release Date:","1302015"...

34

,"Texas--State Offshore Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Texas--State Offshore Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2013 ,"Release Date:","1302015"...

35

The correlation of solar flare production with magnetic energy in active regions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An investigation of 531 active regions was made to determine the correlation between energy released by flares and the available energy in magnetic fields of the regions. Regions with magnetic flux greater tha...

E. B. Mayfield; John K. Lawrence

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Impact of Hydrogen Production on U.S. Energy Markets | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Impact of Hydrogen Production on U.S. Energy Markets Impact of Hydrogen Production on U.S. Energy Markets Presentation on the Impact of Hydrogen Production on U.S. Energy Markets...

37

Creating Products in the Absence of Markets: A Robust Design Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

where products and markets actually result from a generic process of products and markets exploration. With this approach, rather than markets and products, strategy defines a market and technology exploration process to deal with the uncertainty by simultaneously developing its products and exploring markets, while

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

38

Beyond Market Prices: Improving Productivity and Profitability of Small Farmers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Beyond Market Prices: Improving Productivity and Profitability of Small Farmers Tapan S. Parikh of the poorest countries (WDR 2008) · Doing so more efficiently can reduce natural resource consumption - Quality Control, Certification and Marketing for Cooperatives · Avaaj Otalo - Farmer to Farmer Knowledge

Parikh, Tapan S.

39

Optimal Production Policy under the Carbon Emission Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimal Production Policy under the Carbon Emission Market Radoin Belaouar Arash Fahim Nizar Touzi than what she used to do before the existence of the emission market. Key words: EU ETS, Carbon ETS) which provides a way to control the emission of CO2 within carbon polluters through trading

40

Prediction of prices for oil products in the internal market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper considers the Russian market of oil products and provides a model of this ... of which suggests approaches to forecasting the internal prices of oil producers within one scenario of economic development...

Yu. A. Bakman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flared marketed production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Service and product provider's marketing toolkit | ENERGY STAR Buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Service and product provider's marketing toolkit Service and product provider's marketing toolkit Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In this section How can ENERGY STAR help your business? Get started Join ENERGY STAR as a partner ENERGY STAR service & product provider training series Service and product provider's marketing toolkit Industry initiatives ENERGY STAR sales tools for service and product providers

42

Impact of Hydrogen Production on U.S. Energy Markets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Production on Impact of Hydrogen Production on Hydrogen Production on Impact of Hydrogen Production on U.S. Energy Markets U.S. Energy Markets Presented to: Presented to: DOE Hydrogen Transition DOE Hydrogen Transition Analysis Workshop Analysis Workshop Washington DC Washington DC January 26, 2006 January 26, 2006 Prepared by: Prepared by: E. Harry Vidas, Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. E. Harry Vidas, Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. Paul Friley, Brookhaven National Laboratory Paul Friley, Brookhaven National Laboratory AZ CA Project Scope Project Scope * Focus will be on competition between hydrogen production and distribution technologies with respect to hydrogen fuel demand, technology cost, regional mix, and impact on feedstock prices. * Evaluate impacts on U.S. energy markets including price

43

Endogenous production capacity investment in natural gas market equilibrium models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The large-scale natural gas equilibrium model applied in Egging, 2013 combines long-term market equilibria and investments in infrastructure while accounting for market power by certain suppliers. Such models are widely used to simulate market outcomes given different scenarios of demand and supply development, environmental regulations and investment options in natural gas and other resource markets. However, no model has so far combined the logarithmic production cost function commonly used in natural gas models with endogenous investment decisions in production capacity. Given the importance of capacity constraints in the determination of the natural gas supply, this is a serious shortcoming of the current literature. This short note provides a proof that combining endogenous investment decisions and a logarithmic cost function yields a convex minimization problem, paving the way for an important extension of current state-of-the-art equilibrium models.

Daniel Huppmann

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

After record sales and production, international met markets plummet  

SciTech Connect

After surging in 2007 and most of 2008, both the demand and the pricing for coal collapsed in 2008's final quarter. The article discusses last year's market and gives some predictions on 2009's production and prices. The National Mining Association predicts that production of coking coal will fall 11% due to plunging demand for steel. 4 photos.

Buchsbaum, L.

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

45

VALUING FLARED NATURAL GAS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

LAST YEAR , enough natural gas to supply 27% of U.S. needs was burned off as waste around the world, according to a new report by the World Bank. Flared natural gas is a by-product of petroleum production and is not generally considered worth capture and ...

2007-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

46

Incorporating heterogeneity to forecast the demand of new products in emerging markets: Green cars in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Emerging markets are becoming increasingly important for many companies and it is not surprising to see that an increasing number of new products, especially technology products, are now being launched in these markets fairly quickly after they are launched in Western markets. However, most of the research on forecasting demand for new products focuses on developed markets. Marketing managers in multinational companies may therefore be tempted to use models that have been applied in developed markets to forecast demand of new products in emerging markets. However, there is ample evidence that supports the contention that emerging markets are different to markets in developed economies. This research proposes a dynamic segmentation approach to forecast demand that explicitly incorporates heterogeneity of consumers within and across segments: a key distinguishing feature of emerging markets. The research is applied in the context of the Chinese green car market but can be replicated for other products and in similar market conditions.

Lixian Qian; Didier Soopramanien

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

U.S. Forest Products Annual Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, confirmed by the decline in the annual rate of real gross domestic product (GDP) of 5.2%. Economic activity during the second quar- ter of 2009 is projected to decline 1.8%. The U.S. economy will likely contract in the third quarter of 2009 (Federal Reserve Bank, February 13, 2009). Growth in U.S. real output

48

Product Life Cycle, and Market Entry and Exit Decisions Under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A key characteristic of the product life cycle (PLC) is the depletion of the products market potential due to technological obsolescence. Based on this concept, we develop a stochastic model for evaluating market entry and exit decisions during...

Chi, Tailan; Liu, John

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Optimal Production Policy under the Carbon Emission Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimal Production Policy under the Carbon Emission Market Redouane Belaouar Arash Fahim Nizar Scheme (EU ETS) which provides a way to control the emission of CO2 within carbon polluters through carbon emission. Within ETS, certain industrial installations with intensive carbon pollution are given

Touzi, Nizar

50

Advertising, marketing and purchase behavior for energy-related products  

SciTech Connect

Energy conservation programs have relied heavily on incentives and regulatory standards to reduce residential energy consumption. However, in the changing market environment characterized by competitive pressures, alternative mechanisms such as marketing and promotions may increase substantially in importance compared to the demand-side management programs which have been the focus of most research. This paper describes the role of marketing and promotions in encouraging energy efficiency at the household level in British Columbia. The paper examines three related issues: first, the purchase process for energy-related products; second, the criteria used by customers in making purchase decisions; and third, the impact and effectiveness of alternative marketing tools. A key finding is the energy-related purchases do not fall into the impulse purchase category. There are two reasons for this: first, most of these products require installation and this requires a high level of commitment on the part of the purchaser; second, many energy-related products require a significant outlay of funds and this reduces impulse buying.

Tiedemann, K.; Nelson, D.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

The peak of oil productionTimings and market recognition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy is essential for present societies. In particular, transportation systems depend on petroleum-based fuels. That world oil production is set to pass a peak is now a reasonably accepted concept, although its date is far from consensual. In this work, we analyze the true expectations of the oil market participants about the future availability of this fundamental energy source. We study the evolution through time of the curves of crude oil futures prices, and we conclude that the market participants, among them the crude oil producers, already expect a near-term peak of oil production. This agrees with many technical predictions for the date of peak production, including our own, that point to peak dates around the end of the present decade. If this scenario is confirmed, it can cause serious social and economical problems because societies will have little time to perform the necessary adjustments.

Pedro de Almeida; Pedro D. Silva

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Forest Products Marketing Workshop / Novi Sad / 3 6 April 2006 DAVID BILLS CBE FICFOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forest Products Marketing Workshop / Novi Sad / 3 ­ 6 April 2006 DAVID BILLS CBE FICFOR Marketing Campaigns Reflections & Lessons Serbia UNECE 5/4/2006 #12;Forest Products Marketing Workshop / Novi Sad / 3 ­ 6 April 2006 Marketing Campaigns · Australia (1988-1994) Promotion of the Forest Industry

53

Technology diffusion of energy-related products in residential markets  

SciTech Connect

Acceptance of energy-related technologies by end residential consumers, manufacturers of energy-related products, and other influential intermediate markets such as builders will influence the potential for market penetration of innovative energy-related technologies developed by the Department of Energy, Office of Building and Community Systems (OBCS). In this report, Pacific Northwest Laboratory reviewed the available information on technology adoption, diffusion, and decision-making processes to provide OBCS with a background and understanding of the type of research that has previously been conducted on this topic. Insight was gained as to the potential decision-making criteria and motivating factors that influence the decision-maker(s) selection of new technologies, and some of the barriers to technology adoption faced by potential markets for OBCS technologies.

Davis, L.J.; Bruneau, C.L.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

FLARING PATTERNS IN BLAZARS  

SciTech Connect

Blazars radiate from relativistic jets launched by a supermassive black hole along our line of sight; the subclass of flat spectrum radio quasars exhibits broad emission lines, a telltale sign of a gas-rich environment and high accretion rate, contrary to the other subclass of the BL Lacertae objects. We show that this dichotomy of the sources in physical properties is enhanced in their flaring activity. The BL Lac flares yielded spectral evidence of being driven by further acceleration of highly relativistic electrons in the jet. Here, we discuss spectral fits of multi-{lambda} data concerning strong flares of the two flat spectrum radio quasars 3C 454.3 and 3C 279 recently detected in {gamma}-rays by the AGILE and Fermi satellites. We find that optimal spectral fits are provided by external Compton radiation enhanced by increasing production of thermal seed photons by growing accretion. We find such flares to trace patterns on the jet-power-electron-energy plane that diverge from those followed by flaring BL Lac objects and discuss why these occur.

Paggi, A.; Cavaliere, A.; Tavani, M. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma 'Tor Vergata', Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, I-00133 Roma (Italy); Vittorini, V.; D'Ammando, F., E-mail: paggi@roma2.infn.it [INAF/IASF-Roma, Via Fosso del Cavaliere 1, I-00100 Roma (Italy)

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Physics of ion acceleration in the solar flare on 2005 September 7 determines c-ray and neutron production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the neutron monitors at Mt. Chacaltaya and Mexico City and by the solar neutron telescopes at Chacaltaya. Angular and energy-dependent neutron emission from solar flare magnetic loops, Astrophys. J. Sup- pl. SerPhysics of ion acceleration in the solar flare on 2005 September 7 determines c-ray and neutron

California at Berkeley, University of

56

U.S. Imputed Value of Natural Gas Market Production (Cost)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Imputed Value of Natural Gas Market Production (Cost) U.S. Imputed Value of Natural Gas Market Production (Cost) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

57

U.S. Fuel Cell Market Production and Deployment Continues Strong...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

U.S. Fuel Cell Market Production and Deployment Continues Strong Growth U.S. Fuel Cell Market Production and Deployment Continues Strong Growth January 8, 2014 - 12:00am Addthis...

58

Keys to Profitable Texas Sweet Potato Production, Storage and Marketing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

8 8 8 8-1274 Texas Agricultural Extension Service. The Texas A&M UniverSity System . Daniel C. Pfannstlel, Director . College Station, Texas ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors acknowledge the contribution to this publication by Dr. Charles Cole, area... Extension entomologist. KEYS TO PROFITABLE TEXAS SWEET POTATO PRODUCTION, STORAGE AND MARKETING Roland E. Roberts, Thomas D. Longbrake, Sam Cotner, Terry Menges, B. Dean McCraw and Donald R. Paterson* Texas growers and shippers produced more than 1...

Roberts, Roland E.; Longbrake, Thomas D.; Cotner, Sam; Menges, Terry; McCraw, B. Dean; Paterson, Donald R.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

TIMBER COMMITTEE EUROPEAN FORESTRY COMMISSION Forest Products Marketing--from Principles to Practice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TIMBER COMMITTEE EUROPEAN FORESTRY COMMISSION Forest Products Marketing--from Principles to Practice Balkan Training Workshop, April 2006 F A O FOREST PRODUCTSFOREST PRODUCTS MARKETS & TRADE INMARKETS & TRADE IN THE UNECE REGIONTHE UNECE REGION byby Mr. EdMr. Ed PepkePepke Forest Products Marketing

60

Determinants of export marketing strategies of forest products companies in the context of transition --The case of Slovakia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Determinants of export marketing strategies of forest products companies in the context and Environmental Policy, Markets and Marketing Section, Tennenbacher Strae 4, 79106 Freiburg, Germany Received 7 of export performance have been extensively examined in the literature. Although marketing strategy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flared marketed production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Investigation of Photovoltaic Cost Trends in California,The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic ElectricityThe Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol market production Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Exposure June 2010 Vol. 2 Issue 4 Summary: are increasingly turning to digital marketing, including promoting their products on social networking sites... endorsement of...

63

IBIZA: E-market Infrastructure for Custom-built Information Products Ashish Arora  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a software agent-based electronic market for automated model development. Contact Author: Ramayya Krishnan of an electronic market for automated model development and use it highlight the requirements that need to be met that enables designers to create and simulate electronic markets in information products. It provides

Sadeh, Norman M.

64

Linking Marketing and Engineering Product Design Decisions via Analytical Target Cascading  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Linking Marketing and Engineering Product Design Decisions via Analytical Target Cascading? Jeremy to consumers and are feasible to produce. The resulting marketing and engineering design goals are driven decisions when the two problems are interrelated. A meth- od new to the marketing community, analytical

Papalambros, Panos

65

The bridge across is better known as Marketing. The process of turning your ideas into products, finding the right price for the product, getting it  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The bridge across is better known as Marketing. The process of turning your ideas into products, finding the right price for the product, getting it to the market, and communicating your product's benefits to your customers ­ that is Marketing. At its core, marketing is about giving the customer what

Habib, Ayman

66

Imputed Wellhead Value of Natural Gas Marketed Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Thousand Dollars) Thousand Dollars) Data Series: Quantity of Production Imputed Wellhead Value Wellhead Price Marketed Production Period: Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 View History U.S. 124,074,399 1989-2006 Alabama 2,167,627 2,010,736 2,489,704 1,020,599 994,688 0 1989-2011 Alaska 2,576,028 2,439,193 2,944,546 1,163,554 1,185,249 0 1989-2011 Arizona 3,484 3,913 3,710 2,269 753 0 1989-2011 Arkansas 1,739,324 1,782,837 3,891,921 2,330,692 3,556,609 0 1989-2011 California 2,038,915 2,033,054 2,483,126 1,095,181 1,396,916 0 1989-2011 Colorado 7,361,709 5,680,388 9,642,428 4,812,014 6,250,380 0 1989-2011

67

An Empirical Examination of Stock Market Reactions to Introduction of Co-branded Products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AN EMPIRICAL EXAMINATION OF STOCK MARKET REACTIONS TO INTRODUCTION OF CO-BRANDED PRODUCTS A Dissertation by ZIXIA CAO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2012 Major: Marketing An Empirical Examination of Stock Market Reactions to Introduction of Co-branded Products Copyright 2012 Zixia Cao...

Cao, Zixia

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

68

Potential Impacts of Reductions in Refinery Activity on Northeast Petroleum Product Markets  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Potential Impacts of Reductions in Refinery Activity on Northeast Petroleum Product Markets is an update to a previous Energy Information Administration (EIA) report, Reductions in Northeast Refining Activity: Potential Implications for Petroleum Product Markets, released in December 2011. This update analyzes possible market responses and impacts in the event Sunoco's Philadelphia refinery closes this summer, in addition to the recently idled refineries on the East Coast and in the U.S. Virgin Islands.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

MARKETING  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

MARKETING ... New Directory to Index Government Data CMRA and BDSA team up to bring out a new index to government statistics on chemical commodities Industry market researchers are teaming up with two government agencies in a joint project to catalog government data on chemicals. ...

1962-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

70

Reduction of Hydrocarbon Losses to Flare Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

merit consideration because the losses and associated economic penalties are assumed to be small. Flare gas flow is not easily measured and as a result, most plants are unaware of how much product they are actually losing during normal operation...

Page, J.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

,"Federal Offshore--Alabama Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Marketed Production (MMcf)" Marketed Production (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Federal Offshore--Alabama Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf)",1,"Annual",1998 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1140_ralf_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1140_ralf_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:57:29 AM"

72

,"Federal Offshore California Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Marketed Production (MMcf)" Marketed Production (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Federal Offshore California Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1140_r5f_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1140_r5f_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:57:29 AM"

73

Energy Dept. Reports: U.S. Fuel Cell Market Production and Deployment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Dept. Reports: U.S. Fuel Cell Market Production and Dept. Reports: U.S. Fuel Cell Market Production and Deployment Continues Strong Growth Energy Dept. Reports: U.S. Fuel Cell Market Production and Deployment Continues Strong Growth December 19, 2013 - 11:36am Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - The Energy Department released three new reports today showcasing strong growth across the U.S. fuel cell and hydrogen technologies market - continuing America's leadership in clean energy innovation and providing U.S. businesses more affordable, cleaner transportation and power options. According to these reports, the United States continues to be one of the world's largest and fastest growing markets for fuel cell and hydrogen technologies. In 2012, nearly 80 percent of total investment in the global fuel cell industry was made in U.S.

74

Solar and stellar flares  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Lynden-Bell, E. R. Priest and N. O. Weiss Solar and stellar flares T. G. Forbes EOS Institute...advances in understanding the nature of solar flares. X-ray and UV imaging of flare...associated with currents flowing in the solar atmosphere. Although many different processes...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Energy Dept. Reports: U.S. Fuel Cell Market Production and Deployment...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

U.S. Fuel Cell Market Production and Deployment Continues Strong Growth December 19, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis The Energy Department released three new reports today showcasing...

76

The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Production of Solar Photovoltaic Cells, Center for theconcerns is solar photovoltaic cells (PVs), which captureProduction of Solar Photovoltaic Cells Solar PV cells

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Expanding Transformer Production for U.S. Market | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Expanding Transformer Production for U.S. Market Expanding Transformer Production for U.S. Market Expanding Transformer Production for U.S. Market June 24, 2010 - 3:09pm Addthis Giant spools at Metglas' facility in Conway, S.C., hold the thin metal alloy used in the cores of Amorphous Metal Transformers. | Photo courtesy of Metglas Giant spools at Metglas' facility in Conway, S.C., hold the thin metal alloy used in the cores of Amorphous Metal Transformers. | Photo courtesy of Metglas What does this mean for me? More energy efficient transformers means power plants don't have to generate as much electricity to begin with -- which means savings for the consumers. Advance manufacturing (48c) tax credits helped the company increase its facility's production capacity by 50 percent and provide 25 additional

78

Market Trial: Selling Off-Grid Lighting Products in Rural Kenya  

SciTech Connect

In this study, we performed a market trial of off-grid LED lighting products in Maai Mahiu, arural Kenyan town. Our goals were to assess consumer demand and consumer preferences with respect to off-grid lighting systems and to gain feedback from off-grid lighting users at the point of purchase and after they have used to products for some time.

Tracy, Jennifer; Alstone, Peter; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan

2010-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

79

Oilfield Flare Gas Electricity Systems (OFFGASES Project)  

SciTech Connect

The Oilfield Flare Gas Electricity Systems (OFFGASES) project was developed in response to a cooperative agreement offering by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) under Preferred Upstream Management Projects (PUMP III). Project partners included the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) as lead agency working with the California Energy Commission (CEC) and the California Oil Producers Electric Cooperative (COPE). The project was designed to demonstrate that the entire range of oilfield 'stranded gases' (gas production that can not be delivered to a commercial market because it is poor quality, or the quantity is too small to be economically sold, or there are no pipeline facilities to transport it to market) can be cost-effectively harnessed to make electricity. The utilization of existing, proven distribution generation (DG) technologies to generate electricity was field-tested successfully at four marginal well sites, selected to cover a variety of potential scenarios: high Btu, medium Btu, ultra-low Btu gas, as well as a 'harsh', or high contaminant, gas. Two of the four sites for the OFFGASES project were idle wells that were shut in because of a lack of viable solutions for the stranded noncommercial gas that they produced. Converting stranded gas to useable electrical energy eliminates a waste stream that has potential negative environmental impacts to the oil production operation. The electricity produced will offset that which normally would be purchased from an electric utility, potentially lowering operating costs and extending the economic life of the oil wells. Of the piloted sites, the most promising technologies to handle the range were microturbines that have very low emissions. One recently developed product, the Flex-Microturbine, has the potential to handle the entire range of oilfield gases. It is deployed at an oilfield near Santa Barbara to run on waste gas that is only 4% the strength of natural gas. The cost of producing oil is to a large extent the cost of electric power used to extract and deliver the oil. Researchers have identified stranded and flared gas in California that could generate 400 megawatts of power, and believe that there is at least an additional 2,000 megawatts that have not been identified. Since California accounts for about 14.5% of the total domestic oil production, it is reasonable to assume that about 16,500 megawatts could be generated throughout the United States. This power could restore the cost-effectiveness of thousands of oil wells, increasing oil production by millions of barrels a year, while reducing emissions and greenhouse gas emissions by burning the gas in clean distributed generators rather than flaring or venting the stranded gases. Most turbines and engines are designed for standardized, high-quality gas. However, emerging technologies such as microturbines have increased the options for a broader range of fuels. By demonstrating practical means to consume the four gas streams, the project showed that any gases whose properties are between the extreme conditions also could be utilized. The economics of doing so depends on factors such as the value of additional oil recovered, the price of electricity produced, and the alternate costs to dispose of stranded gas.

Rachel Henderson; Robert Fickes

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

80

,"Federal Offshore--Louisiana Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Marketed Production (MMcf)" Marketed Production (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Federal Offshore--Louisiana Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf)",1,"Annual",1998 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1140_r19f_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1140_r19f_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:57:28 AM"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flared marketed production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Solar Flare Plasmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...April 1981 research-article Solar Flare Plasmas A. H. Gabriel The solar flare is discussed in terms of its three phases: energy storage, energy release, and dissipation...made by the N.A.S.A. Solar Maximum Mission satellite...

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Solar and stellar flares  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...R. Priest and N. O. Weiss Solar and stellar flares T. G. Forbes...understanding the nature of solar flares. X-ray and UV imaging...Pudritz (McCaster University, Canada). T-Tauri stars are known...thoughts on the applicability of solar are models to T-Tauri stars...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Early Fuel Cell Market Deployments: ARRA and Combined (IAA, DLA, ARRA); November 2011 Composite Data Products - Deployment (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation is about the Early Fuel Cell Market Deployments: ARRA and Combined (IAA, DLA, ARRA). November 2011 Composite Data Products - Deployment November 30, 2011.

Kurtz, J.; Wipke, K.; Sprik, S.; Ramsden, T.; Ainscough, C.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Early Fuel Cell Market Deployments: ARRA and Combined (IAA, DLA, ARRA); Quarter 1 2012 Composite Data Products - Deployment (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation is about the Early Fuel Cell Market Deployments: ARRA and Combined (IAA, DLA, ARRA). Quarter 1 2012 Composite Data Products - Deployment March 8, 2012.

Kurtz, J.; Wipke, K.; Sprik, S.; Ramsden, T.; Ainscough, C.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Differences in the consumption of confectionery products in Russia, England and Finland from the perspective of marketing mix.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study researched the consumption of the confectionary products from the perspective of Marketing Mix, by investigating the cross-cultural responses from Finland, England and Russia. (more)

Baksheeva, Elena

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

. . . developing, evaluating and marketing technology products to improve our transportation system A Publication of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vehicle Technology, the UI team has competed in the Clean Snowmobile Challenge for the past two years. . . developing, evaluating and marketing technology products to improve our transportation system A Publication of the National Institute for Advanced Transportation Technology TECH BRIEF March 2003

Kyte, Michael

87

Product Market Characteristics and the Industry Life Cycle Kenneth L. Simons *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

permission to use US data which the author helped to collect. Teams of research assistants worked to assemble-sectional, cross-national (US and UK) industry data on narrowly-defined product markets. The process by which industries evolve to their static outcomes is found to occur similarly for the same industry in the different

Lü, James Jian-Qiang

88

Global Timber and Wood Products Market Update -a news brief from Wood Resources International LLC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global Timber and Wood Products Market Update - a news brief from Wood Resources International LLC to be the major destination for Latin American wood chips, reports the Wood Resource Quarterly In late 2011 wood chips from only three countries: Vietnam, Indonesia and Australia, who together shipped 1

89

U.S. Natural Gas Wellhead Value and Marketed Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Area: U.S. Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Florida Illinois Indiana Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Mexico New York North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia West Virginia Wyoming Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Ft.)

90

Microsoft Word - Enable New Products Services and Markets_Final 3_9_2009.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Smart Grid Principal Characteristic Smart Grid Principal Characteristic Enables New Products, Services, and Markets February 4, 2010 DOE/NETL-2010/1401 V 3.0 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by

91

,"South Dakota Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9050sd2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9050sd2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:57:02 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: South Dakota Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9050SD2" "Date","South Dakota Natural Gas Marketed Production (MMcf)" 25749,0 27575,0 27941,0 28306,0 29036,914 29402,1193 29767,1155 30132,2331

92

Reductions in Northeast Refining Activity: Potential Implications for Petroleum Product Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reductions in Northeast Reductions in Northeast Refining Activity: Potential Implications for Petroleum Product Markets December 2011 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Reductions in Northeast Refining Activity: Potential Implications for Petroleum Product Markets i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the U.S. Department of Energy

93

Hydrogen production and delivery analysis in US markets : cost, energy and greenhouse gas emissions.  

SciTech Connect

Hydrogen production cost conclusions are: (1) Steam Methane Reforming (SMR) is the least-cost production option at current natural gas prices and for initial hydrogen vehicle penetration rates, at high production rates, SMR may not be the least-cost option; (2) Unlike coal and nuclear technologies, the cost of natural gas feedstock is the largest contributor to SMR production cost; (3) Coal- and nuclear-based hydrogen production have significant penalties at small production rates (and benefits at large rates); (4) Nuclear production of hydrogen is likely to have large economies of scale, but because fixed O&M costs are uncertain, the magnitude of these effects may be understated; and (5) Given H2A default assumptions for fuel prices, process efficiencies and labor costs, nuclear-based hydrogen is likely to be more expensive to produce than coal-based hydrogen. Carbon taxes and caps can narrow the gap. Hydrogen delivery cost conclusions are: (1) For smaller urban markets, compressed gas delivery appears most economic, although cost inputs for high-pressure gas trucks are uncertain; (2) For larger urban markets, pipeline delivery is least costly; (3) Distance from hydrogen production plant to city gate may change relative costs (all results shown assume 100 km); (4) Pipeline costs may be reduced with system 'rationalization', primarily reductions in service pipeline mileage; and (5) Liquefier and pipeline capital costs are a hurdle, particularly at small market sizes. Some energy and greenhouse gas Observations: (1) Energy use (per kg of H2) declines slightly with increasing production or delivery rate for most components (unless energy efficiency varies appreciably with scale, e.g., liquefaction); (2) Energy use is a strong function of production technology and delivery mode; (3) GHG emissions reflect the energy efficiency and carbon content of each component in a production-delivery pathway; (4) Coal and natural gas production pathways have high energy consumption and significant GHG emissions (in the absence of carbon caps, taxes or sequestration); (5) Nuclear pathway is most favorable from energy use and GHG emissions perspective; (6) GH2 Truck and Pipeline delivery have much lower energy use and GHG emissions than LH2 Truck delivery; and (7) For LH2 Truck delivery, the liquefier accounts for most of the energy and GHG emissions.

Mintz, M.; Gillette, J.; Elgowainy, A. (Decision and Information Sciences); ( ES)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Solar Flares and particle acceleration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-free emission) #12;X-ray spectrum of solar flares Thermal X-rays Non-thermal X-rays Gamma-ray lines Ramaty High from Krucker et al, 2007 Solar flares are rapid localised brightening in the lower atmosphere. More particle Flaring region T ~ 4x107 K => 3 keV per particle Flare volume 1027 cm3 => (104 km)3 Plasma density

95

Natural Gas Processing: The Crucial Link Between Natural Gas Production and Its Transportation to Market  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Processing: The Crucial Link Between Natural Gas Production Processing: The Crucial Link Between Natural Gas Production and Its Transportation to Market Energy Information Administration, Office of Oil and Gas, January 2006 1 The natural gas product fed into the mainline gas transportation system in the United States must meet specific quality measures in order for the pipeline grid to operate properly. Consequently, natural gas produced at the wellhead, which in most cases contains contaminants 1 and natural gas liquids, 2 must be processed, i.e., cleaned, before it can be safely delivered to the high-pressure, long-distance pipelines that transport the product to the consuming public. Natural gas that is not within certain specific gravities, pressures, Btu content range, or water content levels will

96

Carbon footprint assessment of Western Australian LNG production and export to the Chinese market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In reviewing the carbon footprint of the production and transportation of 1m of LNG to China, this life cycle assessment (LCA) has confirmed that the production and liquefaction stage generates the most GHG emissions (45.4%) followed by the natural gas exploration and separation stage (39%) and the exportation and transportation stage (15.7%). The utilisation of wind power energy as a replacement of gas fired electricity generation could possibly reduce the 'energy consumption' related GHG emissions of LNG production by some 36-51%. Similarly, the utilisation of carbon capture and storage to sequester the GHG emitted during electricity production could potentially reduce 'energy consumption' related GHG emissions by 33-45%. This LCA will assist exporters, manufacturers, and suppliers in the LNG supply chain with enhanced environmental supply chain management and the management of any future carbon trading pressures on LNG markets.

Wahidul K. Biswas; Deborah Engelbrecht; Michele Rosano

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Coal gasification power generation, and product market study. Topical report, March 1, 1995--March 31, 1996  

SciTech Connect

This Western Research Institute (WRI) project was part of a WRI Energy Resource Utilization Program to stimulate pilot-scale improved technologies projects to add value to coal resources in the Rocky Mountain region. The intent of this program is to assess the application potential of emerging technologies to western resources. The focus of this project is on a coal resource near the Wyoming/Colorado border, in Colorado. Energy Fuels Corporation/Kerr Coal Company operates a coal mine in Jackson County, Colorado. The coal produces 10,500 Btu/lb and has very low sulfur and ash contents. Kerr Coal Company is seeking advanced technology for alternate uses for this coal. This project was to have included a significant cost-share from the Kerr Coal Company ownership for a market survey of potential products and technical alternatives to be studied in the Rocky Mountain Region. The Energy Fuels Corporation/Kerr Coal Company and WRI originally proposed this work on a cost reimbursable basis. The total cost of the project was priced at $117,035. The Kerr Coal Company had scheduled at least $60,000.00 to be spent on market research for the project that never developed because of product market changes for the company. WRI and Kerr explored potential markets and new technologies for this resource. The first phase of this project as a preliminary study had studied fuel and nonfuel technical alternatives. Through related projects conducted at WRI, resource utilization was studied to find high-value materials that can be targeted for fuel and nonfuel use and eventually include other low-sulfur coals in the Rocky Mountain region. The six-month project work was spread over about a three-year period to observe, measure, and confirm over time-any trends in technology development that would lead to economic benefits in northern Colorado and southern Wyoming from coal gasification and power generation.

Sheesley, D.; King, S.B.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

98

Astronomy: Revealing flares  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... far-off bursts of light, they must first take a foreground 'fog' of flaring stars in our own Galaxy into account. Despite these successes, our monitoring and knowledge of ... transient emission is important because it provides a window on diverse astrophysical objects, from variable stars and stellar explosions to the mergers of compact stellar remnants. Even more exciting is ...

J. Anthony Tyson

2006-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

99

Capital market impact of product marketing strategy: Evidence from the relationship between advertising expenses and cost of capital  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To analyze the prospect of a firms advertising decision affecting shareholder wealth, this article investigates the relationship between a firms advertising expenditure and the market-imposed weighted average c...

Manohar Singh; Sheri Faircloth

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Creating markets for new products to replace incandescent lamps: The international experience  

SciTech Connect

Since the summer of 1995, several organizations have been in pursuit of what many consider the Holy Grail of lighting technology--a low-cost, drop-in, energy-efficient replacement for the incandescent lamp. This paper summarizes the international experience in attempting to catalyze the commercialization of a mass-market, replacement product that could have major impact on residential lighting energy consumption in US and EU homes. The technology procurement effort was originally spearheaded by US Federal Government through a loose collaboration between the Department of Defense (DoD), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Energy (DOE). The DoD agreed to serve as the anchor buyer for a low-cost, drop-in replacement product for standard-sized light bulbs that provide at least 30 percent energy savings compared to traditional incandescent lamps. In parallel to the US effort, the International Energy Agency launched a co-operative technology procurement effort by assembling large buyers' groups in Finland, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United Kingdom to pull a similar efficient lighting product into the European market. The lukewarm response from lamp manufacturers to these two technology procurement efforts illustrates the challenges of transforming residential lighting from incandescent to efficient lighting.

Rubinstein, F.; Borg, N.; Horowitz, N.; Narel, T.; Morehouse, E.T. Jr.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flared marketed production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

TRANSPORTATION ISSUES IN THE DELIVERY OF GTL PRODUCTS FROM ALASKAN NORTH SLOPE TO MARKET  

SciTech Connect

The Alaskan North Slope (ANS) is one of the largest hydrocarbon reserves in the United States where Gas-to-Liquids (GTL) technology can be successfully implemented. The proven and recoverable reserves of conventional natural gas in the developed and undeveloped fields in the Alaskan North Slope (ANS) are estimated to be 38 trillion standard cubic feet (TCF) and estimates of additional undiscovered gas reserves in the Arctic field range from 64 TCF to 142 TCF. Because the domestic gas market in the continental United States is located thousands of miles from the ANS, transportation of the natural gas from the remote ANS to the market is the key issue in effective utilization of this valuable and abundant resource. The focus of this project is to study the operational challenges involved in transporting the gas in converted liquid (GTL) form through the existing Trans Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS). A three-year, comprehensive research program was undertaken by the Petroleum Development Laboratory, University of Alaska Fairbanks, under cooperative agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40016 to study the feasibility of transporting GTL products through TAPS. Cold restart of TAPS following an extended winter shutdown and solids deposition in the pipeline were identified as the main transportation issues in moving GTL products through the pipeline. The scope of work in the current project (Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-01NT41248) included preparation of fluid samples for the experiments to be conducted to augment the comprehensive research program.

Godwin Chukwu

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Flare System Optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be minimally the flare manufacturer's total recommended flow. For systems with a liquid seal, the purge gas should be added downstream of the seal or designed to continuously flow through the seal at a low pressure. Excessive purge gas should not be added... problems with incorrect purge gas rates include: o Not knowing the correct purge rate o Missing restriction orifices o Improperly sized restriction orifices o Improper flow meter settings o Improperly set pressure regulators o Improper valve...

Aegerter, R.

103

PRECURSOR FLARES IN OJ 287  

SciTech Connect

We have studied three most recent precursor flares in the light curve of the blazar OJ 287 while invoking the presence of a precessing binary black hole in the system to explain the nature of these flares. Precursor flare timings from the historical light curves are compared with theoretical predictions from our model that incorporate effects of an accretion disk and post-Newtonian description for the binary black hole orbit. We find that the precursor flares coincide with the secondary black hole descending toward the accretion disk of the primary black hole from the observed side, with a mean z-component of approximately z{sub c} = 4000 AU. We use this model of precursor flares to predict that precursor flare of similar nature should happen around 2020.96 before the next major outburst in 2022.

Pihajoki, P.; Berdyugin, A.; Lindfors, E.; Reinthal, R.; Sillanpaeae, A.; Takalo, L. [Tuorla Observatory, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Turku, FI-21500 Piikkioe (Finland)] [Tuorla Observatory, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Turku, FI-21500 Piikkioe (Finland); Valtonen, M.; Nilsson, K. [Finnish Centre for Astronomy with ESO, University of Turku, FI-21500 Piikkioe (Finland)] [Finnish Centre for Astronomy with ESO, University of Turku, FI-21500 Piikkioe (Finland); Zola, S.; Koziel-Wierzbowska, D. [Astronomical Observatory, Jagiellonian University, ul. Orla 171, PL-30-244 Krakow (Poland)] [Astronomical Observatory, Jagiellonian University, ul. Orla 171, PL-30-244 Krakow (Poland); Liakos, A. [Department of Astrophysics, Astronomy and Mechanics, University of Athens, GR 157 84 Zografos, Athens, Hellas (Greece)] [Department of Astrophysics, Astronomy and Mechanics, University of Athens, GR 157 84 Zografos, Athens, Hellas (Greece); Drozdz, M.; Winiarski, M.; Ogloza, W. [Mount Suhora Observatory, Pedagogical University, ul. Podchorazych 2, PL-30-084 Krakow (Poland)] [Mount Suhora Observatory, Pedagogical University, ul. Podchorazych 2, PL-30-084 Krakow (Poland); Provencal, J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States); Santangelo, M. M. M. [O.A.C. Osservatorio Astronomico di Capannori, Via di Valle, I-55060 Vorno, Capannori (Italy)] [O.A.C. Osservatorio Astronomico di Capannori, Via di Valle, I-55060 Vorno, Capannori (Italy); Salo, H. [Department of Physical Sciences, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 3000, FI-90014 University of Oulu (Finland)] [Department of Physical Sciences, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 3000, FI-90014 University of Oulu (Finland); Chandra, S.; Ganesh, S.; Baliyan, K. S., E-mail: popiha@utu.fi [Astronomy and Astrophysics Division, Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad 380009 (India); and others

2013-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

104

Industrial market assessment of the products of mild gasification: Final report  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this study is to determine the best available conditions, in terms of market volumes and prices, for the products from a mild gasification facility. A process feasibility study will then have to determine the cost of building and operating a facility to make those products. The study is presented as a summary of the options available to a coal producer for creating added product value. For this reason, three specific coal mines owned by AMAX Inc. were chosen, and the options were analyzed from the viewpoint of increasing the total revenue derived from those coals. No specific mild gasification, or mild devolatilization technology was assumed during the assessment. The analysis considers only product prices, volumes, and specifications. It does not assign any intangible value or national benefit to substituting coal for oil or to producing a cleaner fuel. Although it would be desirable to conceive of a product slate which would be immune from energy price fluctuations, such a goal is probably unattainable and no particular emphasis was placed on it. 76 figs., 75 tabs.

Sinor, J.E.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Design Enhancements To Improve Flare Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two flare systems used at separate units within a larger chemical complex were modified to improve overall performance and efficiency. One system was a standard enclosed ground flare; the other was a less-conventional horizontal ground flare system...

Dooley, K. A.; McLeod, G. M.; Lorenz, M. D.

106

Solar flares and energetic particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...compiled and edited by Clare E. Parnell Solar flares and energetic particles Nicole Vilmer...Issue Astrophysical processes on the Sun . Solar flares are now observed at all wavelengths...Energetic electrons and ions interact with the solar atmosphere and produce high-energy X-rays...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Parameterization of solar flare dose  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A critical aspect of missions to the Moon or Mars is the safety and health of the crew. Radiation in space is a hazard for astronauts, especially high-energy radiation following certain types of solar flares. A solar flare event can be very...

Lamarche, Anne Helene

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Product-service systems in the electric car industry: critical success factors in marketing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the electric car industry the service component assumes considerable importance and it is a relevant factor in purchasing decisions. Therefore, proper management of the Product-Service System (PSS) is essential. This article aims to 1) identify the main sub-systems of the PSS in the electric car industry and 2) identify the critical success factors (CSFs) in marketing. The review of the literature led to the definition of four sub-systems: vehicle, infrastructure, on-board electronics, and energy. Based on these PSS sub-systems, organisations belonging to each sub-system were selected, and five managers were interviewed. The data were analysed using a cognitive mapping technique. Ten \\{CSFs\\} were identified, of which two belong to the vehicle sub-system (value proposition and product-service system bundle); one relates to the electronic on-board sub-system (advanced navigation systems); three relate to infrastructure sub-system (incentives, alternative transport systems and advocacy campaigns) and three belong to infrastructure and energy sub-systems (ease of use, proximity of charging point and standardisation). Finally, partnerships among players involve all the four sub-systems. Moreover, the relevance/manageability matrix offers evidence that partnerships represent a priority factor that requires immediate action from companies. The research offers a new means to identify \\{CSFs\\} by using a PSS analysis rather than taking an industry sector perspective.

Sergio Cherubini; Gennaro Iasevoli; Laura Michelini

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Early Fuel Cell Market Deployments: ARRA and Combined (IAA, DLA, ARRA): Quarter 4 2013 Composite Data Products  

SciTech Connect

This report includes the composite data products (CDPs) for early fuel cell market deployments in quarter 4 of 2013. Results are presented for ARRA (projects funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 [ARRA]) and Combined (projects funded by DOE Interagency Agreements [IAA], Department of Defense Defense Logistics Agency [DLA], and ARRA).

Kurtz, J.; Sprik, S.

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Early Fuel Cell Market Deployments: ARRA and Combined (IAA, DLA, ARRA); Quarter 3 2012 Composite Data Products  

SciTech Connect

This report from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory includes early fuel cell market composite data products for the third quarter of 2012 for American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) and combined (IAA, DLA, ARRA) deployment projects.

Kurtz, J.; Wipke, K.; Sprik, S.; Ramsden, T.; Ainscough, C.; Saur, G.; Post, M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Impact of U.S. Wholesale Demand for Canned Sardines on Market Accessibility of Potential Gulf of Mexico Products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impact of U.S. Wholesale Demand for Canned Sardines on Market Accessibility of Potential Gulf their demand characteristics. Results in- dicate that opportunities for entry exist, especiallyfor products was packed in soy oil. The major sources for imported sar- dines are Norway, Peru, Portugal, Japan

113

Marketing Plan Company Description  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marketing Plan Company Description: Consumer company that provides a product to helps boost Marketing Swat Team Project Description and Deliverables: The team will Identify the best online vehicles of promotions from YouTube celebs, co- marketing with related businesses, affiliate marketing, cross marketing

Dahl, David B.

114

Production Incentives and Payment Methods in Major Texas Fluid Milk Markets.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-source-milk" which does not meet the requirements of producer milk. Finally, the order provides for an administrator, to be supported by handler assessments based on volume of Class I sales, who is obligated to safeguard the order provisions through auditing... of the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937. The first Texas milk market to be regulated by a federal order was North Texas late in 1951. Since that time all major Texas markets except one have obtained a marketing order. From the beginning, orders have...

Krienke, A. B.; Stelly, Randall

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Energy Dept. Reports: U.S. Fuel Cell Market Production and Deployment Continues Strong Growth  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Energy Department released three new reports showcasing strong growth across the U.S. fuel cell and hydrogen technologies market.

116

U.S. Fuel Cell Market Production and Deployment Continues Strong Growth  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Energy Department has released three new reports showcasing strong growth across the U.S. fuel cell and hydrogen technologies market.

117

Flares in Gamma Ray Bursts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The flare activity that is observed in GRBs soon after the prompt emission with the XRT (0.310 KeV) instrument on Board of the Swift satellite is leading to important clues in relation to the physical characteristics of the mechanism generating the emission of energy in Gamma Ray Bursts. We will briefly refer to the results obtained with the recent analysis [1] and [2] and discuss the preliminary results we obtained with a new larger sample of GRBs [limited to early flares] based on fitting of the flares using the Norris 2005 profile. We find in agreement with previous results that XRT flares follow the main characteristics observed in [3] for the prompt emission spikes. The estimate of the flare energy for the subsample with redshift is rather robust and an attempt is made using the redshisft sample to estimate how the energy emitted in flares depends on time. We used a H 0 ?=?70?km/s/Mpc ? ? ?=?0.7 ? m ?=?0.3 cosmology.

G. Chincarini; J. Mao; F. Pasotti; R. Margutti; C. Guidorzi; M. G. Bernardini; Swfit Italian team

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Advertising in a Competitive Market: The Role of Product Standards, Customer Learning, and Switching Costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Standard models of competition predict that firms will sell less when competitors target their customers with advertising. This is particularly true in mature markets with many competitors that sell relatively undifferentiated ...

Anderson, Eric T.

119

Methods to Manage Information Sources for Software Product Managers in the Energy Market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The German energy market is facing several challenges due to changes ... regulation, technical advancements as well as increasing energy costs and climate achievements like CO2...reduction. This results in changi...

Dipl.-Wirt.-Inf. Jos Manuel GonzlezVzquez

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Analysis of postharvest handling and marketing systems for vegetable production in East and Central Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and southern peas. Crops were harvested and sold an average of 5 months. Most farm operations included the participation of several family members and hired labor, and most used a variety of outlets to market their produce. A wide variety of postharvest... OF FIGURES INTRODUCTION AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE vi xiii Objectives of the Study Definition of Farming Systems Research Rationalization for Farming Systems Research Implications for a Study of Harvesting, Handling and Marketing Systems...

Vamosy, Margaret Laurain

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flared marketed production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

TWO COUNTRIES - ONE MARKETING MIX? HOW TO ADOPT COMPANYS MARKETING MIX TO FOREIGN MARKET - CASE STUDY OF VOLVO.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The discussion about 4Ps marketing mix covers two aspects. On the one hand, marketing mix activities are used to apply product into market and (more)

Szwejkowska, Aneta; Puczynski, Leszek

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Market-Based Programs | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Market-Based Programs Market-Based Programs To facilitate successful market introduction of high-quality, energy-efficient SSL products for general illumination, DOE has developed...

123

Identity Management Market: Identity management market shifts - who's out there?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Selecting identity management products requires investigation. The market has proven problematic to standardize, has drawn a disproportionate degree of governmental regulation, and there is no clear market leader.

Mike Neuenschwander

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

2009 Fuel Cell Market Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report provides an overview of 2009 trends in the fuel cell industry and markets, including product shipments, market development, and corporate performance.

125

A NEW CORRELATION BETWEEN GRB X-RAY FLARES AND THE PROMPT EMISSION  

SciTech Connect

From a sample of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) detected by the Fermi and Swift missions, we have extracted the minimum variability timescales for temporal structures in the light curves associated with the prompt emission and X-ray flares. A comparison of this variability timescale with pulse parameters such as rise times, determined via pulse-fitting procedures, and spectral lags, extracted via the cross-correlation function, indicates a tight correlation between these temporal features for both the X-ray flares and the prompt emission. These correlations suggest a common origin for the production of X-ray flares and the prompt emission in GRBs.

Sonbas, E. [Department of Physics, University of Adiyaman, 02040 Adiyaman (Turkey); MacLachlan, G. A.; Shenoy, A.; Dhuga, K. S.; Parke, W. C., E-mail: edasonbas@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052 (United States)

2013-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

126

Technology-driven roadmaps for identifying new product/market opportunities: Use of text mining and quality function deployment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A technology roadmap (TRM), an approach that is applied to the development of an emerging technology to meet business goals, is one of the most frequently adopted tools to support the process of technology innovation. Although many studies have dealt with \\{TRMs\\} that are designed primarily for a market-driven technology planning process, a technology-driven TRM is far less researched than a market-driven one. Furthermore, approaches to a technology-driven roadmap using quantitative technological information have rarely been studied. Thus, the aim of this research is to propose a new methodological framework to identify both profitable markets and promising product concepts based on technology information. This study suggests two quality function deployment (QFD) matrices to draw up the TRM in order to find new business opportunities. A case study is presented to illustrate the proposed approach using patents on the solar-lighting devices, which is catching on as a high-tech way to prevent environmental pollution and reduce fuel costs.

Gyungmi Jin; Yujin Jeong; Byungun Yoon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Developing a Marketing Plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Developing a good marketing plan will help you identify and quantify costs, set price goals, determine potential price outlook, examine production and price risk, and develop a strategy for marketing your crop. This publication describes...

Bevers, Stan; Waller, Mark L.; Amosson, Stephen H.; McCorkle, Dean

2009-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

128

HVAC Market Study:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HVAC Market Study: Understanding how energy efficient products get to market Fall 2014 through Winter 2015 Research Manager: Carrie Cobb, clcobb@bpa.gov, 503-230-4985 HVAC systems...

129

Magnetic reconnection configurations and particle acceleration in solar flares  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

types of solar flares. Upper panel: two-ribbon flares; Lower panel: compact flares. The color showsMagnetic reconnection configurations and particle acceleration in solar flares P. F. Chen, W. J space under different magnetic configurations. Key words: solar flares, magnetic reconnection, particle

Chen, P. F.

130

Detecting gas flares and estimating flaring volumes at individual flow stations using MODIS data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Gas flaring has gained global recognition as a prominent agent of pollution, leading to the establishment of the Global Gas Flaring Reduction (GGFR) initiative, which requires an objective means of monitoring flaring activity. Because auditable information on flaring activity is difficult to obtain there have recently been attempts to detect flares using satellite imagery, typically at global scales. However, to adequately assess the environmental and health impacts of flaring from local to regional scales, it is important that we have a means of acquiring information on the location of individual active flaring sites and the volume of gas combusted at these sites. In this study we developed an approach to the retrieval of such information using nighttime MODIS thermal imagery. The MODIS flare detection technique (MODET) and the MODIS flare volume estimation technique (MOVET) both exploit the absolute and contextual radiometric response of flare sites. The levels of detection accuracy and estimation error were quantified using independent observations of flare location and volume. The MODET and MOVET were applied to an archive of MODIS data spanning 20002014 covering the Niger Delta, Nigeria, a significant global hotspot of flaring activity. The results demonstrate the substantial spatial and temporal variability in gas flaring across the region, between states and between onshore and offshore sites. Thus, whilst the estimated total volume of gas flared in the region over the study period is large (350BillionCubicMetres), the heterogeneity in the flaring indicates that the impacts of such flares will be highly variable in space and time. In this context, the MODET and MOVET offer a consistent and objective means of monitoring flaring activity over an appropriate range of scales and it is now important that their robustness and transferability is tested in other oil-producing regions of the world.

Obinna C.D. Anejionu; G. Alan Blackburn; J. Duncan Whyatt

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

REALWORLD Marketing, Inc. 2011 Assessing the Market and the Competition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

© REALWORLD Marketing, Inc. 2011 Assessing the Market and the Competition for a New Product Wednesday January 12, 2010 by Andy Mindlin REALWORLD Marketing, Inc. andy@REALWORLDmarketing.com TEL +1 714-377-6312 #12;© REALWORLD Marketing, Inc. 2011 About the Speaker 25 years experience in Marketing Emphasis

Loudon, Catherine

132

What is Marketing and why is it important? Marketing,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MSc Marketing #12;What is Marketing and why is it important? Marketing, in essence, is the science, with the aim of broadening and penetrating the market as effectively and productively as possible. It involves defining the needs, gaps and perceptions of different market sectors and identifying the geographical

Little, Tony

133

REALWORLD Marketing, Inc. 2010 Assessing the Market and the Competition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

© REALWORLD Marketing, Inc. 2010 Assessing the Market and the Competition for a New Product Wednesday January 13, 2010 by Andy Mindlin REALWORLD Marketing, Inc. andy@REALWORLDmarketing.com TEL +1 714-377-6312 #12;© REALWORLD Marketing, Inc. 2010 About the Speaker 25 years experience in Marketing Emphasis

Loudon, Catherine

134

Market assessment for active solar heating and cooling products. Category B: a survey of decision-makers in the HVAC marketplace. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A comprehensive evaluation of the market for solar heating and cooling products for new and retrofit markets is reported. The emphasis is on the analysis of solar knowledge among HVAC decision makers and a comprehensive evaluation of their solar attitudes and behavior. The data from each of the following sectors are described and analyzed: residential consumers, organizational and manufacturing buildings, HVAC engineers and architects, builders/developers, and commercial/institutional segments. (MHR)

None

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Monitoring of FR Cnc Flaring Activity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Being excited by the detection of the first ever-observed optical flare in FR Cnc, we decided to continue photometrical monitoring of this object. The observations were carried out at Crimean Astrophysical Observatory (Crimea, Ukraine; CrAO - hereafter) and at the Terskol Observatory (Russia, Northern Caucasus). The obtained lightcurves are presented and discussed. No distinguishable flares were detected that could imply that flares on FR Cnc are very rare event.

A. Golovin; M. Andreev; E. Pavlenko; Yu. Kuznyetsova; V. Krushevska; A. Sergeev

2007-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

136

ULTRA CLEAN COAL PRODUCTION USING DENSE MEDIUM SEPARATION FOR THE SILICON MARKET.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The production of high quality silicon requires the use of ultraclean coal containing less than 1.5% ash. The magnetite used to clean the coal in (more)

Amini, Seyed Hassan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Overview of the Electricity Market of Estonia and the Plausibility of Nuclear Energy Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Republic of Estonia is a small country in Northern Europe, with electrical energy production dependent mostly on oil shale. The local supply of oil shale has given Estonia its energetic independence but it...

Mariliis Lehtveer; Alan Tkaczyk

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Improvement of Automobile Production Market Competitive Power Based on Logistics Network Planning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To spare parts flow of automobile production is shown in Fig.15.1 [6...]. Steel plate and roll material is by car transport to news workshop. Plates shall be ordered to spare parts and then use electric board tr...

Hai Jian Wang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Supply Chain Integration, Product Modularity, and Market Valuation: Evidence from the Solar Energy Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the solar modules that are ultimately installed as panels on rooftops to Page 15 convert solar energy to electricity. The supply chain for the production of thin-film cells involves a subset of these processes: the production of solar cells... determine the network by identifying the supply chain linkages reported in 119 newswire announcements of solar PV supply contracts in Factiva for the year 2007. We supplement this data with information on customer and supplier relationships provided...

Davies, Jane; Joglekar, Nitin

2013-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

140

Petroleum Marketing Monthly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U.S. Refi ner wholesale petroleum product volumes U.S. Energy Information Administration | Petroleum Marketing Monthly 13 December 2014...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flared marketed production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Petroleum Marketing Monthly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U.S. Refi ner retail petroleum product volumes U.S. Energy Information Administration | Petroleum Marketing Monthly 9 December 2014...

142

Petroleum Marketing Monthly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U.S. Refi ner retail petroleum product prices U.S. Energy Information Administration | Petroleum Marketing Monthly 7 December 2014...

143

STUDY OF TRANSPORTATION OF GTL PRODUCTS FROM ALASKAN NORTH SLOPE (ANS) TO MARKETS  

SciTech Connect

The Alaskan North Slope is one of the largest hydrocarbon reserves in the US where Gas-to-Liquids (GTL) technology can be successfully implemented. The proven and recoverable reserves of conventional natural gas in the developed and undeveloped fields in the Alaskan North Slope (ANS) are estimated to be 38 trillion standard cubic feet (TCF) and estimates of additional undiscovered gas reserves in the Arctic field range from 64 TCF to 142 TCF. Transportation of the natural gas from the remote ANS is the key issue in effective utilization of this valuable and abundance resource. The throughput of oil through the Trans Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS) has been on decline and is expected to continue to decline in future. It is projected that by the year 2015, ANS crude oil production will decline to such a level that there will be a critical need for pumping additional liquid from GTL process to provide an adequate volume for economic operation of TAPS. The pumping of GTL products through TAPS will significantly increase its economic life. Transporting GTL products from the North Slope of Alaska down to the Marine terminal at Valdez is no doubt the great challenge facing the Gas to Liquids options of utilizing the abundant natural gas resource of the North Slope. The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate and assess the economic feasibility of transporting GTL products through the TAPS. Material testing program for GTL and GTL/Crude oil blends was designed and implemented for measurement of physical properties of GTL products. The measurement and evaluation of the properties of these materials were necessary so as to access the feasibility of transporting such materials through TAPS under cold arctic conditions. Results of the tests indicated a trend of increasing yield strength with increasing wax content. GTL samples exhibited high gel strengths at temperatures as high as 20 F, which makes it difficult for cold restart following winter shutdowns. Simplified analytical models were developed to study the flow of GTL and GTL/crude oil blends through TAPS in both commingled and batch flow models. The economics of GTL transportations by either commingled or batching mode were evaluated. The choice of mode of transportation of GTL products through TAPS would depend on the expected purity of the product and a trade-off between loss in product value due to contamination and cost of keeping the product pure at the discharge terminal.

Godwin A. Chukwu, Ph.D., P.E.

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Retail market test: An in-depth evaluation of a new product concept for lamb.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RETAIL NAREET TS ST. AN IN-DEPTH EVALUATION Oi' A NET' PRODUCT CONCEPT FOH L&ivn A Thesis RUPERT KENNETH NA. LOS Submitted to the Oraduate College of the Texas Af:N University in partial fulfillment oi the ". Suire::ants for the degree... or FLASIcg 0: Sl IENCE August 1967 Najor Subject: Agricultural Economics RETAIL RAPE T. TEST: AN IN-DEPTH EVALUATION OF A N N PRODUCT CONCEPT FOR itANB A Thesis By ROBEPT KENNEIil NA YIOR Apptoved ia to stvi' and content by: (C'noise~an o: Convii...

Naylor, Robert Kenneth

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

145

MAGNETIC STRUCTURE PRODUCING X- AND M-CLASS SOLAR FLARES IN SOLAR ACTIVE REGION 11158  

SciTech Connect

We study the three-dimensional magnetic structure of the solar active region 11158, which produced one X-class and several M-class flares on 2011 February 13-16. We focus on the magnetic twist in four flare events, M6.6, X2.2, M1.0, and M1.1. The magnetic twist is estimated from the nonlinear force-free field extrapolated from the vector fields obtained from the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager on board the Solar Dynamic Observatory using the magnetohydrodynamic relaxation method developed by Inoue et al. We found that strongly twisted lines ranging from half-turn to one-turn twists were built up just before the M6.6 and X2.2 flares and disappeared after that. Because most of the twists remaining after these flares were less than a half-turn twist, this result suggests that the buildup of magnetic twist over the half-turn twist is a key process in the production of large flares. On the other hand, even though these strong twists were also built up just before the M1.0 and M1.1 flares, most of them remained afterward. Careful topological analysis before the M1.0 and M1.1 flares shows that the strongly twisted lines were surrounded mostly by the weakly twisted lines formed in accordance with the clockwise motion of the positive sunspot, whose footpoints are rooted in strong magnetic flux regions. These results imply that these weakly twisted lines might suppress the activity of the strongly twisted lines in the last two M-class flares.

Inoue, S.; Magara, T.; Choe, G. S. [School of Space Research, Kyung Hee University 1, Seocheon-dong, Giheung-gu, Yongin, Gyeonggi-do 446-701 (Korea, Republic of); Hayashi, K. [W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Shiota, D., E-mail: inosato@khu.ac.kr [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8601 (Japan)

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

146

Opportunities for small and medium enterprises in the innovation and marketing of organic food: investigating consumers' purchase behaviour of organic food products in Victoria, Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This research study investigates Victorian consumers' understanding, awareness and perceptions of organic food products. Analysis of the quantitative data revealed that there are three major segments of consumers, i.e., pro-organics, reluctant consumers ... Keywords: Buyer behaviour, Marketing strategies, Organic food, Segmentation, Small and medium enterprises

Antonio Lobo; Bruno Mascitelli; Jue Chen

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

2008 Fuel Cell Technologies Market Report | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

8 Fuel Cell Technologies Market Report 2008 Fuel Cell Technologies Market Report This report provides an overview of trends in the fuel cell industry and markets, including product...

148

Hardwood Markets and Marketing AHEC American Hardwood in Europe Convention  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hardwood Markets and Marketing AHEC American Hardwood in Europe Convention Venice, Italy 20-22 October 2004 Hardwood Markets in 2003-2005 American Hardwood Export Council 12th Annual Convention Venice, Italy 20-22 October 2004 by Ed Pepke, Project Leader Forest Products Marketing Programme UN Economic

149

Prediction of noise emissions from industrial flares  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In many industries where combustible waste gases are obtained flares are used to burn these gases in a controlled manner. Among other environmental aspects the noise emissions associated with flaring are becoming increasingly important in many countries as population density goes up and residential and industrial areas move closer together. Installing noise control equipment on flares is almost impossible while they are in service since flares are typically a safety related plant component that can only be turned off after the connected plant has been shut down. Accordingly in order to plan appropriate noise controlmeasures in time and to avoid unnecessary costs predicting the noise emissions of flares as early in the design process as possible is crucial. This requires knowledge of the relevant individual noise sources associated to the flare system and the ability to calculate their respective contribution ? in the operating condition in question ? to the overall noise emission based on the data available in the planning stage. The present paper summarizes these sources and outlines some of the individual effects and parameters having an influence on the acoustical characteristics of flares.

Carl?Christian Hantschk; Edwin Schorer

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Niche Marketing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Niche markets are small, specialized markets for goods or services. Agricultural producers have many opportunities for niche marketing, and this strategy can contribute to the profitability of a firm. Examples of niche markets are included...

McCorkle, Dean; Anderson, David P.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Power Marketing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

UGPS' Marketing Service Area Power Marketing As a marketer of Federal power in the Upper Great Plains Region, the Power Marketing staff provides a variety of services for customers...

152

Up to $1.15 Million Available to Small Businesses for New Products or Technologies that Expand Geothermal Markets  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Energy Department announced funds targeted to small businesses in two separate geothermal subtopics: a) innovations to develop under-utilized markets and b) a technology transfer opportunity...

153

Market Transformation Fact Sheet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transformation Market Transformation is based on the concept that federal support can catalyze a market to achieve economic and environmental benefits that can reduce costs through economies of scale. Adoption of fuel cells in emerging markets expands the growth of green jobs, with new opportunities in manufacturing, fuel cell maintenance and support systems, and domestic hydrogen fuel production and delivery. By providing reliable field operations data and increasing user confidence, early market deployments help overcome non-technical challenges like developing appropriate safety codes and standards and reducing high insurance costs. Strategies Market Transformation's primary goal is to accelerate the expansion of hydrogen and fuel cell use by lowering the life

154

Carbon Markets Global Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Markets Global Ltd Place: London, United Kingdom Zip: NW4 2HT Product: Assist project originators develop and finance clean development projects. References: Carbon Markets Global...

155

Identity management market shifts who's out there?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Selecting identity management products requires investigation. The market has proven problematic to standardize, has drawn a disproportionate degree of governmental regulation, and there is no clear market leader.

Mike Neuenschwander

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Impending U.S. lighting standards will boost market for halogen-infrared lamps: New product line expanding  

SciTech Connect

Many of the incandescent floodlights and spotlights manufactured today will not meet lighting efficiency standards taking effect in the US in 1995. As these models cease production, demand will grow for higher efficiency units to fill this huge market, which now totals about 100 million lamps per year. One prime contender is a new class of halogen lamps that use a spectrally selective coating to reflect heat back onto the filament, reducing the amount of electricity needed to generate light. GE Lighting`s Halogen-IR line is the only series of such lamps currently available to replace the conventional floodlights and spotlights that will be banned by the new standards. Other manufacturers may adopt the technology, however, and the Japanese producer Ushio already sells in the US a line of smaller halogen lamps with a similar heat-reflective coating. In terms of efficacy and lifetime, Halogen-IR lamps out perform standard incandescents and standard halogens, but fall far short of fluorescent, metal halide, and high-pressure sodium sources. These other lighting systems are more appropriate and cost-effective than incandescents for many ambient lighting applications. For accent lighting and other tasks that are best suited to incandescent lighting, however, the Halogen-IR lamp is often a superior choice.

Sardinsky, R.; Shepard, M.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

157

Summarizing FLARE assay images in colon carcinogenesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

usually develops slowly, the amount of oxidative damage to DNA can be used as a cancer biomarker. This dissertation examines effective ways of analyzing FLARE assay data, which quanti?es oxidative damage. The statistical methods will be implemented...

Leyk Williams, Malgorzata

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

158

Reducing Safety Flaring through Advanced Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An advanced process control application, using DMCplus (Aspen Technology, Inc.), was developed to substantially reduce fuel gas losses to the flare at a large integrated refining / petrochemical complex. Fluctuations in internal fuel gas system...

Hokanson, D.; Lehman, K.; Matsumoto, S.; Takai, N.; Takase, F.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Sauget Plant Flare Gas Reduction Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Empirical analysis of stack gas heating value allowed the Afton Chemical Corporation Sauget Plant to reduce natural gas flow to its process flares by about 50% while maintaining the EPA-required minimum heating value of the gas streams....

Ratkowski, D. P.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

1986 Cogeneration Market Assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

implementation path such as changing energy general direction. prices, tax laws, FERC decisions, avoided costs, permitting etc., the cogeneration industry is What's missing is usually the meaning of th still strong. market assessment to the end user... increases and paper production which is basically a solid fuel fired steam turbine market will increase, thus increasing the application of steam turbines. Lastly, in the refuse market probably the least effect of lower oil prices will occur. Energy...

Wallace, D. G.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flared marketed production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

SPECTROPOLARIMETRY OF C-CLASS FLARE FOOTPOINTS  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the decay phase of a C-class flare in full-Stokes imaging spectropolarimetry with quasi-simultaneous measurements in the photosphere (6302.5 A line) and in the chromosphere (8542 A line) with the IBIS instrument. We analyze data from two fields of view, each spanning about 40'' Multiplication-Sign 80'' and targeting the two footpoints of the flare. A region of interest is identified from V/I images: a patch of opposite polarity in the smaller sunspot's penumbra. We find unusual flows in this patch at photospheric levels: a Doppler shift of -4 km s{sup -1}, but also a possible radial inflow into the sunspot of 4 km s{sup -1}. Such patches seem to be common during flares, but only high-resolution observations allowed us to see the inflow, which may be related to future flares observed in this region. Chromospheric images show variable overlying emission and flows and unusual Stokes profiles. We also investigate the irregular penumbra, whose formation may be blocked by the opposite polarity patch and flux emergence. The 40 minute temporal evolution depicts the larger of the flare ribbons becoming fainter and changing its shape. Measurable photospheric magnetic fields remain constant and we do not detect flare energy transport down from the chromosphere. We find no clear indications of impact polarization in the 8542 A line. We cannot exclude the possibility of impact polarization, because weaker signals may be buried in the prominent Zeeman signatures or it may have been present earlier during the flare.

Kleint, L., E-mail: kleintl@ucar.edu [High Altitude Observatory/NCAR, P.O. Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307 (United States)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Natural Gas Marketed Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 20,196,346 21,112,053 21,647,936 22,381,873 24,036,352 25,307,949 1900-2012 Alaska 433,485 398,442 397,077 374,226 356,225 351,259 1967-2012 Alaska Onshore 368,344 337,359 349,457 316,546 294,728 315,682 1992-2012 Alaska State Offshore 65,141 61,084 47,620 57,680 61,496 35,577 1992-2012 Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico 2,798,718 2,314,342 2,428,916 2,245,062 1,812,328 1,507,564 1997-2012 Federal Offshore Alabama 1992-1998 Federal Offshore Louisiana 1992-1998 Federal Offshore Texas 1992-1998 Louisiana 1,365,333 1,377,969 1,548,607 2,210,099 3,029,206 2,955,437 1967-2012 Louisiana Onshore 1,293,590 1,292,366 1,472,722 2,140,525 2,958,249 2,882,193 1992-2012 Louisiana State Offshore

163

Agricultural niche market risk-takers: analysis of production practices and information sources of Texas meat goat producers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

among niche market producers. This information was used to make recommendations to agricultural educators for use in training and educating unique groups of agricultural producers. The sampling frame consisted of Texas producers who use the Farm...

Coleman, Kelly Lee Ann

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

SUPERGLASS. Engineering field tests - Phase 3. Production, market planning, and product evaluation for a high-thermal-performance insulating glass design utilizing HEAT MIRROR transparent insulation. Final report  

SciTech Connect

HEAT MIRROR transparent window insulation consists of a clear polyester film two mils (.002'') thick with a thin, clear low-emissivity (.15) coating deposited on one side by state-of-the-art vacuum deposition processes. This neutral-colored invisible coating reflects long-wave infrared energy (heat). When mounted by being stretched with a 1/2'' air-gap on each side of the film, the resulting unit reduces heat loss by 60% compared to dual insulating glass. Southwall Corporation produces HEAT MIRROR transparent insulation and markets it to manufacturers of sealed insulating glass (I.G.) units and window and building manufacturers who make their own I.G. These companies build and sell the SUPERGLASS sealed glazing units. Units made and installed in buildings by six customers were visited. These units were located in many geographic regions, including the Pacific Northwest, Rocky Mountains, New England, Southeast, and West Coast. As much as could be obtained of their history was recorded, as was their current condition and performance. These units had been in place from two weeks to over a year. All of the units were performing thermally very well, as measured by taking temperature profiles through them and through adjacent conventional I.G. units. Some units had minor visual defects (attributed to I.G. assembly techniques) which are discussed in detail. Overall occupant acceptance was enthusiastically positive. In addition to saving energy, without compromise of optical quality or appearance, the product makes rooms with large glazing areas comfortable to be in in cold weather. All defects observed were present when built; there appears to be no in-field degradation of quality at this time.

Tilford, C L

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Marketing of New Drugs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Marketing of New Drugs ... But there was no doubt an excess of expenditure for promotional purposes in recent years and the industry is gradually reducing this because the sales department cannot ask for the marketing of as many new products has it did in the past. ...

PAUL DE HAEN

1964-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

166

Social Marketing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The term social marketing is defined as the application of commercial marketing technologies to the analysis, planning, execution, ... welfare and that of their society. Social marketing began as aformal dis...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Marketing yourself  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Careers and Training Careers and Training Marketing yourself Simon Juden The notion of marketing oneself is anathema to most contractors as...or most of their projects through direct marketing. Contracting issues from the Professional......

Simon Juden

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Measurements on a shock wave generated by a solar flare  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... The solar flare that occurred on 18 August 1979 at 1400 UT was one of the more ... August 1979 at 1400 UT was one of the more energetic flares of the current solar ...

Alan Maxwell; Murray Dryer

1982-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

169

Marketing Trujillano.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??El libro Marketing Trujillano, est compuesto principalmente por catorce casos, vinculados todos con la actividad de marketing en la Provincia de Trujillo, Per. La variedad (more)

Zrate Aguilar, Jaime

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

REMOTE OSCILLATORY RESPONSES TO A SOLAR FLARE  

SciTech Connect

The processes governing energy storage and release in the Sun are both related to the solar magnetic field. We demonstrate the existence of a magnetic connection between the energy released by a flare and increased oscillatory power in the lower solar atmosphere. The oscillatory power in active regions tends to increase in response to explosive events at other locations, but not in the active region itself. We carry out timing studies and show that this effect is probably caused by a large-scale magnetic connection between the regions, instead of a globally-propagating wave. We show that oscillations tend to exist in longer-lived wave trains with short periods (P < 200 s) at the time of a flare. These wave trains may be mechanisms by which flare energy can be redistributed throughout the solar atmosphere.

Andic, A.; McAteer, R. T. J. [Astronomy Department, NMSU, MSC 4500, P.O. Box 30001, Las Cruces, NM 88003 (United States)

2013-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

171

High-Energy Flare Observations from the Solar Maximum Mission  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article High-Energy Flare Observations from the Solar Maximum Mission W...Vestrand We review high-energy observations of solar flares with emphasis...expectation, high-energy emission is a common property of solar flares. Direct interpretation...

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Solar-Type Magnetic Reconnection Model for Magnetar Giant Flares  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Papers 8320 8390 8420 Solar-Type Magnetic...Terasawa Hinode Science Project, National Astronomical...on the basis of solar flare/coronal...flare with enormous energy and long bursting...crucial mechanism of energy release in a solar flare (Parker 1963......

Youhei Masada; Shigehiro Nagataki; Kazunari Shibata; Toshio Terasawa

2010-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

173

Liquid Fuels Market Module  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquid Fuels Market Module Liquid Fuels Market Module This page inTenTionally lefT blank 145 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Liquid Fuels Market Module The NEMS Liquid Fuels Market Module (LFMM) projects petroleum product prices and sources of supply for meeting petroleum product demand. The sources of supply include crude oil (both domestic and imported), petroleum product imports, unfinished oil imports, other refinery inputs (including alcohols, ethers, esters, corn, biomass, and coal), natural gas plant liquids production, and refinery processing gain. In addition, the LFMM projects capacity expansion and fuel consumption at domestic refineries. The LFMM contains a linear programming (LP) representation of U.S. petroleum refining

174

Recovering Flare Gas Energy - A Different Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, September 16-18, 1987 SLIDLIN CH81ICAL CX1'1PANY RARE GAS RECXNERY SYSID1 K.O, ~LM 19) PSIG STEAM F,D, FAN0'1 '" N Z N NAT~L GAS SEAL SEAL FU\\RE OIL PoT STACK TANK FLARE GAS I?T ~y ~LM ~LM ESL...RECOVERING FLARE GAS ENERGY - A DIFFERENT APPROACH \\ WALTER BRENNER Process Engineer SunOlin Chemical Co. Claymont, Delaware AUSTRACT Most petrochemical complexes and oil re fineries have systems to collect and dispose of waste gases...

Brenner, W.

175

Vice President, Northwest Requirements Marketing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Northwest Requirements Marketing organization develops power rates, products, services, and contracts, administers long-term power contracts and other related contracts, manages third-party...

176

Impulsive Phase Flare Energy Transport by Large-Scale Alfvn Waves and the Electron Acceleration Problem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The impulsive phase of a solar flare marks the epoch of rapid conversion of energy stored in the preflare coronal magnetic field. Hard X-ray observations imply that a substantial fraction of flare energy released during the impulsive phase is converted to the kinetic energy of mildly relativistic electrons (10-100 keV). The liberation of the magnetic free energy can occur as the coronal magnetic field reconfigures and relaxes following reconnection. We investigate a scenario in which products of the reconfigurationlarge-scale Alfvn wave pulsestransport the energy and the magnetic field changes rapidly through the corona to the lower atmosphere. This offers two possibilities for electron acceleration. First, in a coronal plasma with -->? me/mp, the waves propagate as inertial Alfvn waves. In the presence of strong spatial gradients, these generate field-aligned electric fields that can accelerate electrons to energies on the order of 10 keV and above, including by repeated interactions between electrons and wave fronts. Second, when they reflect and mode-convert in the chromosphere, a cascade to high wavenumbers may develop. This will also accelerate electrons by turbulence, in a medium with a locally high electron number density. This concept, which bridges MHD-based and particle-based views of a flare, provides an interpretation of the recently observed rapid variations of the line-of-sight component of the photospheric magnetic field across the flare impulsive phase, and offers solutions to some perplexing flare problems, such as the flare "number problem" of finding and resupplying sufficient electrons to explain the impulsive-phase hard X-ray emission.

L. Fletcher; H. S. Hudson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Wind Energy Markets, 2. edition  

SciTech Connect

The report provides an overview of the global market for wind energy, including a concise look at wind energy development in key markets including installations, government incentives, and market trends. Topics covered include: an overview of wind energy including the history of wind energy production and the current market for wind energy; key business drivers of the wind energy market; barriers to the growth of wind energy; key wind energy trends and recent developments; the economics of wind energy, including cost, revenue, and government subsidy components; regional and national analyses of major wind energy markets; and, profiles of key wind turbine manufacturers.

NONE

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

178

Resolution in Support of Customer "Right-to-Know" and Product Labeling Standards for the Retail Marketing of Electricity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Resolution in Support of Customer Resolution in Support of Customer "Right-to-Know" and Product Labeling Standards for the Retail Marketing of Electricity WHEREAS, At least 30 million consumers in six States will begin choosing among competitive electricity providers in early 1998 and retail access to competing electricity suppliers is under consideration in many other states; and WHEREAS, Electricity purchases make up a significant portion of the budget of many households; and WHEREAS, The production of electricity imposes very substantial resource and environmental impacts; and WHEREAS, Pilot retail access programs have shown that customer confusion and misleading claims are highly likely; and WHEREAS, Clear and uniform disclosure may promote efficiency through informed product comparisons; and informed customer choice cannot occur in a retail electricity

179

Optical flares and flaring oscillations on the M-type eclipsing binary CU Cnc  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report here the discovery of an optical flare observed in R band from the red-dwarf eclipsing binary CU Cnc whose component stars are at the upper boundary of full convection (M1=0.43 and M2=0.4M0, M0 is the solar mass). The amplitude of the flare is the largest among those detected in R band (~0.52mag) and the duration time is about 73 minutes. As those observed on the Sun, quasi-periodic oscillations were seen during and after the flare. Three more R-band flares were found by follow up monitoring. In total, this binary was monitored photometrically by using R filter for 79.9 hours, which reveals a R-band flare rate about 0.05 flares per hour. These detections together with other strong chromospheric and coronal activities, i.e., very strong H_alpha and H_beta emission features and an EUV and X-ray source, indicate that it has very strong magnetic activity. Therefore, the apparent faintness (~1.4 magnitude in V) of CU Cnc compared with other single red dwarfs of the same mass can be plausibly explained by...

-B., Qian S; Zhu, L -Y; Liu, L; Liao, W -P; Zhao, E -G; He, J -J; Li, L -J; Li, K; Dai, Z -B

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Compensation of flare-induced CD changes EUVL  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for compensating for flare-induced critical dimensions (CD) changes in photolithography. Changes in the flare level results in undesirable CD changes. The method when used in extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography essentially eliminates the unwanted CD changes. The method is based on the recognition that the intrinsic level of flare for an EUV camera (the flare level for an isolated sub-resolution opaque dot in a bright field mask) is essentially constant over the image field. The method involves calculating the flare and its variation over the area of a patterned mask that will be imaged and then using mask biasing to largely eliminate the CD variations that the flare and its variations would otherwise cause. This method would be difficult to apply to optical or DUV lithography since the intrinsic flare for those lithographies is not constant over the image field.

Bjorkholm, John E. (Pleasanton, CA); Stearns, Daniel G. (Los Altos, CA); Gullikson, Eric M. (Oakland, CA); Tichenor, Daniel A. (Castro Valley, CA); Hector, Scott D. (Oakland, CA)

2004-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flared marketed production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Design analysis mechanisms for carbon auction market through electricity market coupling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design analysis mechanisms for carbon auction market through electricity market coupling Mireille electricity produc- ers selling their production on an electricity market and buying CO2 emission al- lowances functions of the electricity production. We set out a clear Nash equilibrium on the power market that can

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

182

An approach for evaluating the market effects of energy efficiency programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a particular energy efficiency market, both within andefforts in any energy efficiency market. For example, in theseek to transform markets for energy efficiency products and

Vine, Edward; Prahl, Ralph; Meyers, Steve; Turiel, Isaac

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Traditional marketing vs. Internet marketing. A comparison.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Title: Traditional marketing vs. Internet marketing: A comparison Problem: Marketing is an important strategy for businesses and it contains numerous effective tools. Traditional marketing (more)

Varfan, Mona

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Solid-State Lighting: Market Challenges  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Market Challenges to someone by Market Challenges to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Market Challenges on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Market Challenges on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Market Challenges on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Market Challenges on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Market Challenges on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Market Challenges on AddThis.com... Why SSL LED Basics OLED Basics Using LEDs R&D Challenges Market Challenges Market Challenges Resources Compact Fluorescent Lighting in America PDF Guiding Market Introduction of SSL Products PDF LED Directional Lamps PDF LED MR16 Lamps Recessed LED Downlights PDF General Service LED Lamps PDF What to Ask - A Checklist for Buyers of LED Lighting Products PDF

185

Marketing to the Government Paul Middlebrooks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marketing to the Government Paul Middlebrooks Marketing Consultant UT Center for IndustrialTeds, and VETBiz, DSCC, DOE and the State of Tennessee ECD... #12;...then what? #12;the Laws of Marketing... #12;Do Your Research The 1st Law of Marketing Customers get excited and take notice of your product or service

186

Market Transformation  

SciTech Connect

Summarizes the goals and activities of the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program efforts within its market transformation subprogram.

Not Available

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Marketing Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Expand Utility Resources News & Events Expand News & Events Skip navigation links Marketing Resources Reports, Publications, and Research Utility Toolkit Informational...

188

Coal Market Module This  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

51 51 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Coal Market Module The NEMS Coal Market Module (CMM) provides projections of U.S. coal production, consumption, exports, imports, distribution, and prices. The CMM comprises three functional areas: coal production, coal distribution, and coal exports. A detailed description of the CMM is provided in the EIA publication, Coal Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2012, DOE/EIA-M060(2012) (Washington, DC, 2012). Key assumptions Coal production The coal production submodule of the CMM generates a different set of supply curves for the CMM for each year of the projection. Forty-one separate supply curves are developed for each of 14 supply regions, nine coal types (unique combinations

189

Petroleum Marketing Annual 2009  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Petroleum Marketing Annual 2009 Petroleum Marketing Annual 2009 Released: August 6, 2010 Monthly price and volume statistics on crude oil and petroleum products at a national, regional and state level. Notice: Changes to EIA Petroleum Data Program Petroleum Marketing Annual --- Full report in PDF (1.2 MB) Previous Issues --- Previous reports are available on the historical page. Summary Statistics Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF TXT 1A Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil by PAD Districts HTML PDF TXT 2 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products to End Users HTML PDF TXT 3 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT Motor Gasoline to End Users HTML Residual Fuel Oil and No. 4 Fuel to End Users HTML Other Petroleum Products to End Users HTML

190

Coal Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

page intentionally left blank page intentionally left blank 153 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Coal Market Module The NEMS Coal Market Module (CMM) provides projections of U.S. coal production, consumption, exports, imports, distribution, and prices. The CMM comprises three functional areas: coal production, coal distribution, and coal exports. A detailed description of the CMM is provided in the EIA publication, Coal Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2011, DOE/EIA-M060(2011) (Washington, DC, 2011). Key assumptions Coal production The coal production submodule of the CMM generates a different set of supply curves for the CMM for each year of the projection. Forty-one separate supply curves are developed for each of 14 supply regions, nine coal types (unique combinations

191

Market Analyses  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Need information on the market potential for combined heat and power (CHP) in the U.S.? These assessments and analyses cover a wide range of markets including commercial and institutional buildings and facilities, district energy, and industrial sites. The market potential for CHP at federal sites and in selected states/regions is also examined.

192

CHEMICAL MARKETING  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CHEMICAL MARKETING ... The reason, I believe, is that the chemical industry has been blind (until very recently) to the need for paying attention to marketing. ... Its marketing needs are now like those of a matureno longer a growingindustry. ...

1960-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

193

Flare Ribbon Energetics in the Early Phase of an SDO Flare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The sites of chromospheric excitation during solar flares are marked by extended extreme ultraviolet ribbons and hard X-ray footpoints. The standard interpretation is that these are the result of heating and bremsstrahlung emission from non-thermal electrons precipitating from the corona. We examine this picture using multi-wavelength observations of the early phase of an M-class flare SOL2010-08-07T18:24. We aim to determine the properties of the heated plasma in the flare ribbons, and to understand the partition of the power input into radiative and conductive losses. Using GOES, SDO/EVE, SDO/AIA and RHESSI we measure the temperature, emission measure and differential emission measure of the flare ribbons, and deduce approximate density values. The non-thermal emission measure, and the collisional thick target energy input to the ribbons are obtained from RHESSI using standard methods. We deduce the existence of a substantial amount of plasma at 10 MK in the flare ribbons, during the pre-impulsive and early...

Fletcher, L; Hudson, H S; Innes, D E

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Separation of flue-gas scrubber sludge into marketable products. Second quarterly technical progress report, December 1, 1993--February 28, 1994 (Quarter No. 2)  

SciTech Connect

To reduce their sulfur emissions, many coal-fired electric power plants use wet flue-gas scrubbers. These scrubbers convert sulfur oxides into solid sulfate and sulfite sludge, which must then be disposed of This sludge is a result of reacting limestone with sulfur dioxide to precipitate calcium sulfite and calcium sulfate. It consists of calcium sulfite (CaSO{sub 3}{lg_bullet}0.5H{sub 2}0), gypsum (CaSO{sub 4}{lg_bullet}2H{sub 2}0), and unreacted limestone (CaCO{sub 3}) or lime (Ca(OH){sub 2}), with miscellaneous objectionable impurities such as iron oxides; silica; and magnesium, sodium, and potassium oxides or salts. Currently, the only market for scrubber sludge is for manufacture of gypsum products, such as wallboard and plaster, and for cement. However, the quality of the raw sludge is often not high enough or consistent enough to satisfy manufacturers, and so the material is difficult to sell. This project is developing a process that can produce a high-quality calcium sulfite or gypsum product while keeping process costs low enough that the material produced will be competitive with that from other, more conventional sources. This purification will consist of minimal-reagent froth flotation, using the surface properties of the particles of unreacted limestone to remove them and their associated impurities from the material, leaving a purified gypsum or calcium sulfite product. The separated limestone will be a useful by-product, as it can be recycled to the scrubber, thus boosting the limestone utilization and improving process efficiency. Calcium sulfite will then be oxidized to gypsum, or separated as a salable product in its own right from sludges where it is present in sufficient quantity. The main product of the process will be either gypsum or calcium sulfite, depending on the characteristics of the sludge being processed. These products will be sufficiently pure to be easily marketed, rather that being landfilled.

Kawatra, S.K.; Eisele, T.C.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

MKTG 554: International Marketing Fall 2013 Syllabus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for international expansion Market entry mode Target market Position/image Marketing Actions ­ 4 Ps Budget December) Work in teams of about four. Identify and research one product and brand currently available one developed and one less resourced. (I need to preapprove your product and brand choice and your

Carter, John

196

White Paper on Energy Efficiency Status of Energy-Using Products in China (2012)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

implemented, and market brands and energy efficiency levelslevels (existing energy-using product market, new products,opening up the energy efficient product market with room air

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Product and program management : battling the strangler trees of system and social complexity in the software market jungle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An exploration of Software Product and Program Management as recently emergent roles in the information technology sector is presented. The exploration is presented in six sections divided into two major parts. The first ...

Hempe, John A. (John Alan)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

DECENTRALIZING SEMICONDUCTOR CAPACITY PLANNING VIA INTERNAL MARKET COORDINATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 DECENTRALIZING SEMICONDUCTOR CAPACITY PLANNING VIA INTERNAL MARKET COORDINATION SULEYMAN KARABUK semiconductor manufacturer: marketing managers reserve capacity from manufacturing based on product demands, while attempting to maximize profit; manufacturing managers allocate capacity to competing marketing

Wu, David

199

Carbon Market Brasil Consulting | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brasil Consulting Jump to: navigation, search Name: Carbon Market Brasil Consulting Place: Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 04120-070 Sector: Carbon Product: Brazil-based carbon Market is a...

200

Carbon Capital Markets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbon Product: London-based fund manager and trader specialising in the carbon and clean energy markets. References: Carbon Capital Markets1 This article is a stub. You can help...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flared marketed production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Fuel Cell Markets Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fuel Cell Markets Ltd Place: Buckinghamshire, United Kingdom Zip: SL0 9AQ Sector: Hydro, Hydrogen Product: Fuel Cell Markets was set up to assist companies in the fuel cell and...

202

Marketing New Zealand lamb in the EU  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study replicates work published in 2002, exploring the use of country of origin images in the international marketing of six of New Zealand's primary industry products by agribusinesses. Specifically, this study examines and analyses the use of country of origin in the marketing strategies used by Meat & Wool New Zealand to market New Zealand lamb. Findings from the present study were well aligned with those of the 2002 study by Beaverland and Lindgreen. In particular, the New Zealand lamb-marketing scenario supported the heavy use of country of origin images by specialist marketing boards for niche products. Further, in support of past findings, the use of country of origin was a means of differentiating the product from others in the host market. History was also found to be a contributing factor to how lamb was marketed, though played an indirect role in shaping the attributes of the product that were accentuated by the use of country of origin marketing.

Phillip R. Clark; Teresa E. Dana

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Measuring and moderating the water resource impact of biofuel production and trade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

commodity markets due to bioenergy production could the market share of bioenergy. If comprehensive,

Fingerman, Kevin Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Electricity Markets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electricity Markets Electricity Markets Researchers in the electricity markets area conduct technical, economic, and policy analysis of energy topics centered on the U.S. electricity sector. Current research seeks to inform public and private decision-making on public-interest issues related to energy efficiency and demand response, renewable energy, electricity resource and transmission planning, electricity reliability and distributed generation resources. Research is conducted in the following areas: Energy efficiency research focused on portfolio planning and market assessment, design and implementation of a portfolio of energy efficiency programs that achieve various policy objectives, utility sector energy efficiency business models, options for administering energy efficiency

205

Market Transformation  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

This Fuel Cell Technologies Program fact sheet outlines current status and challenges in the market transformation of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies.

206

Average Price of Natural Gas Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

. . Quantity and Average Price of Natural Gas Production in the United States, 1930-1996 (Volumes in Million Cubic Feet, Prices in Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Table Year Gross Withdrawals Used for Repressuring Nonhydro- carbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Extraction Loss Dry Production Average Wellhead Price of Marketed Production 1930 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,978,911 75,140 1,903,771 0.08 1931 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,721,902 62,288 1,659,614 0.07 1932 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,593,798 51,816 1,541,982 0.06 1933 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,596,673 48,280 1,548,393 0.06 1934 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,815,796 52,190 1,763,606 0.06 1935 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,968,963 55,488 1,913,475 0.06 1936 ....................... 2,691,512 73,507 NA 392,528 2,225,477

207

Magnetar giant flares and afterglows as relativistic magnetized explosions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......case of crustal storage of magnetic field energy before the flare...see a medium-energy flare with a very...example, the crust response may depend on...with the typical frequency nu 1 GHz), and...Because the energy release during......

Maxim Lyutikov

2006-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

208

Size dependence of solar X-ray flare properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Non-thermal and thermal parameters of 85 solar flares of GOES class B1 to M6 (background subtracted classes A1 to M6) have been compared to each other. The hard X-ray flux has been measured by RHESSI and a spectral fitting provided flux and spectral index of the non-thermal emission, as well as temperature and emission measure of the thermal emission. The soft X-ray flux was taken from GOES measurements. We find a linear correlation in a double logarithmic plot between the non-thermal flux and the spectral index. The higher the acceleration rate of a flare, the harder the non-thermal electron distribution. The relation is similar to the one found by a comparison of the same parameters from several sub-peaks of a single flare. Thus small flares behave like small subpeaks of large flares. Thermal flare properties such as temperature, emission measure and the soft X-ray flux also correlate with peak non-thermal flux. A large non-thermal peak flux entails an enhancement in both thermal parameters. The relation between spectral index and the non-thermal flux is an intrinsic feature of the particle acceleration process, depending on flare size. This property affects the reported frequency distribution of flare energies.

Marina Battaglia; Paolo C. Grigis; Arnold O. Benz

2005-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

209

Energy-Dependent Timing of Thermal Emission in Solar Flares  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report solar flare plasma to be multi-thermal in nature based on the theoretical model and study of the energy-dependent timing of thermal emission in ten M-class flares. We ... observed by the Si detector of ...

Rajmal Jain; Arun Kumar Awasthi; Arvind Singh Rajpurohit

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Using the Federal production tax credit to build a durable market for wind power in the united states  

SciTech Connect

As Congress continues to struggle to develop a well-balanced national energy policy, it may wish to consider both a longer-term extension of the production tax credit for renewable electricity sources, as well as certain revisions to the design and structure of that credit. (author)

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Barbose, Galen

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

211

Evaluating preproduction prototypes of new energy-efficiency products in realistic test beds is an essential step before market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

enables more cost-effective determination of energy-saving opportunities and ongoing verification. · The greatest barrier preventing wider use of geothermal (ground-source) heat pumps is high initial cost. Two 3Evaluating preproduction prototypes of new energy-efficiency products in realistic test beds

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

212

A BLAZAR-LIKE RADIO FLARE IN MRK 231  

SciTech Connect

Radio monitoring of the broad absorption line quasar (BALQSO) Mrk 231 from 13.9 GHz to 17.6 GHz detected a strong flat spectrum flare. Even though BALQSOs are typically weak radio sources, the 17.6 GHz flux density doubled in ?150 days, from ?135 mJy to ?270 mJy. It is demonstrated that the elapsed rise time in the quasar rest frame and the relative magnitude of the flare is typical of some of the stronger flares in blazars that are usually associated with the ejection of discrete components on parsec scales. The decay of a similar flare was found in a previous monitoring campaign at 22 GHz. We conclude that these flares are not rare. The implication is that Mrk 231 seems to be a quasar in which the physical mechanism that produces the broad absorption line wind is in tension with the emergence of a fledgling blazar.

Reynolds, Cormac; Hurley-Walker, Natasha [ICRAR-Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, Western Australia, 6102 (Australia)] [ICRAR-Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, Western Australia, 6102 (Australia); Punsly, Brian [1415 Granvia Altamira, Palos Verdes Estates, CA 90274 (United States)] [1415 Granvia Altamira, Palos Verdes Estates, CA 90274 (United States); O'Dea, Christopher P., E-mail: brian.punsly1@verizon.net, E-mail: brian.punsly@comdev-usa.com [Laboratory for Multiwavelength Astrophysics, School of Physics and Astronomy, Rochester Institute of Technology, 54 Lomb Memorial Drive, Rochester, NY 14623 (United States)

2013-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

213

EVIDENCE FOR HOT FAST FLOW ABOVE A SOLAR FLARE ARCADE  

SciTech Connect

Solar flares are one of the main forces behind space weather events. However, the mechanism that drives such energetic phenomena is not fully understood. The standard eruptive flare model predicts that magnetic reconnection occurs high in the corona where hot fast flows are created. Some imaging or spectroscopic observations have indicated the presence of these hot fast flows, but there have been no spectroscopic scanning observations to date to measure the two-dimensional structure quantitatively. We analyzed a flare that occurred on the west solar limb on 2012 January 27 observed by the Hinode EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) and found that the hot (?30MK) fast (>500 km s{sup 1}) component was located above the flare loop. This is consistent with magnetic reconnection taking place above the flare loop.

Imada, S. [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory (STEL), Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8601 (Japan)] [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory (STEL), Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8601 (Japan); Aoki, K.; Hara, H.; Watanabe, T. [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)] [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Harra, L. K. [UCL-Mullard Space Science Laboratory, Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT (United Kingdom)] [UCL-Mullard Space Science Laboratory, Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT (United Kingdom); Shimizu, T. [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Sagamihara-shi, Kanagawa 229-8510 (Japan)] [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Sagamihara-shi, Kanagawa 229-8510 (Japan)

2013-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

214

Marketing and Market Transformation | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Market Transformation Marketing and Market Transformation Presents how going green will grow your business, as well as how programs can overcome appraisal challenges....

215

Abrupt Longitudinal Magnetic Field Changes in Flaring Active Regions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We characterize the changes in the longitudinal photospheric magnetic field during 38 X-class and 39 M-class flares within 65 of disk center using 1 minute GONG magnetograms. In all 77 cases, we identify at least one site in the flaring active region where clear, permanent, stepwise field changes occurred. The median duration of the field changes was about 15 minutes and was approximately equal for X-class and for M-class flares. The absolute values of the field changes ranged from the detection limit of ~10G to as high as ~450G in two exceptional cases. The median value was 69G. Field changes were significantly stronger for X-class than for M-class flares and for limb flares than for disk-center flares. Longitudinal field changes less than 100 G tended to decrease longitudinal field strengths, both close to disk center and close to the limb, while field changes greater than 100 G showed no such pattern. Likewise, longitudinal flux strengths tended to decrease during flares. Flux changes, particularly net flux changes near disk center, correlated better than local field changes with GOES peak X-ray flux. The strongest longitudinal field and flux changes occurred in flares observed close to the limb. We estimate the change of Lorentz force associated with each flare and find that this is large enough in some cases to power seismic waves. We find that longitudinal field decreases would likely outnumber increases at all parts of the solar disk within 65 of disk center, as in our observations, if photospheric field tilts increase during flares as predicted by Hudson et al.

G. J. D. Petrie; J. J. Sudol

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

ABRUPT LONGITUDINAL MAGNETIC FIELD CHANGES IN FLARING ACTIVE REGIONS  

SciTech Connect

We characterize the changes in the longitudinal photospheric magnetic field during 38 X-class and 39 M-class flares within 65{sup 0} of disk center using 1 minute GONG magnetograms. In all 77 cases, we identify at least one site in the flaring active region where clear, permanent, stepwise field changes occurred. The median duration of the field changes was about 15 minutes and was approximately equal for X-class and for M-class flares. The absolute values of the field changes ranged from the detection limit of {approx}10 G to as high as {approx}450 G in two exceptional cases. The median value was 69 G. Field changes were significantly stronger for X-class than for M-class flares and for limb flares than for disk-center flares. Longitudinal field changes less than 100 G tended to decrease longitudinal field strengths, both close to disk center and close to the limb, while field changes greater than 100 G showed no such pattern. Likewise, longitudinal flux strengths tended to decrease during flares. Flux changes, particularly net flux changes near disk center, correlated better than local field changes with GOES peak X-ray flux. The strongest longitudinal field and flux changes occurred in flares observed close to the limb. We estimate the change of Lorentz force associated with each flare and find that this is large enough in some cases to power seismic waves. We find that longitudinal field decreases would likely outnumber increases at all parts of the solar disk within 65{sup 0} of disk center, as in our observations, if photospheric field tilts increase during flares as predicted by Hudson et al.

Petrie, G. J. D. [National Solar Observatory, 950 N. Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Sudol, J. J. [West Chester University, West Chester, PA 19383 (United States)

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

The Sun as an X-Ray Star. III. Flares  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In previous works we have developed a method to convert solar X-ray data, collected with the Yohkoh/SXT, into templates of stellar coronal observations. Here we apply the method to several solar flares, for comparison with stellar X-ray flares. Eight flares, from weak (GOES class C5.8) to very intense ones (X9) are selected as representative of the flaring Sun. The emission measure distribution versus temperature, EM(T), of the flaring regions is derived from Yohkoh/SXT observations in the rise, peak, and decay of the flares. The EM(T) is rather peaked and centered around T ? 107 K for most of the time. Typically, it grows during the rise phase of the flare, and then it decreases and shifts toward lower temperatures during the decay, more slowly if there is sustained heating. The most intense flare we studied shows emission measure even at very high temperatures (T ? 108 K). Time-resolved X-ray spectra both unfiltered and filtered through the instrumental responses of the nonsolar instruments ASCA/SIS and ROSAT/PSPC are then derived. Synthesized ASCA/SIS and ROSAT/PSPC spectra are generally well fitted with single thermal components at temperatures close to that of the EM(T) maximum, albeit two thermal components are needed to fit some flare decays. ROSAT/PSPC spectra show that solar flares are in a 2 orders of magnitude flux range (106-108 ergs cm-2 s-1) and a narrow PSPC hardness ratio range, however, higher than that of typical nonflaring solar-like stars.

F. Reale; G. Peres; S. Orlando

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Xray Flare Light Curves and Dimensions of the Flaring S. Serio, F. Reale, R. Betta, G. Peres  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the temperature evolution as tracer of the presence of heating during the decay. Many solar flares appear). We outline here the method and some testing on spatially­resolved solar flares observed with Yohkoh (slope in a Log/Log plot) depends on the decay time of the heating re­ leased in the loop during

219

CCPPolicyBriefing Markets with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Search costs are the total costs spent by a consumer in identifying and interpreting a company's productCCPPolicyBriefing June 2006 Markets with Search and Switching Costs W: www.ccp.uea.ac.uk T: 01603 593 715 A: UEA, Norwich, NR4 7TJ Markets with Search and Switching Costs The ESRC Centre

Feigon, Brooke

220

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Market Connections Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Market Connections Report ConsultantReport Integrated Energy Systems & Associates. #12;Market Connections Report Preface 2 Preface The Public Interest Energy Research (PIER: Productivity and Building Science October 2003 500-03-082-A-1 Gray Davis, Governor #12;#12;CALIFORNIA ENERGY

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flared marketed production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Deterministically Driven Avalanche Models of Solar Flares  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop and discuss the properties of a new class of lattice-based avalanche models of solar flares. These models are readily amenable to a relatively unambiguous physical interpretation in terms of slow twisting of a coronal loop. They share similarities with other avalanche models, such as the classical stick--slip self-organized critical model of earthquakes, in that they are driven globally by a fully deterministic energy loading process. The model design leads to a systematic deficit of small scale avalanches. In some portions of model space, mid-size and large avalanching behavior is scale-free, being characterized by event size distributions that have the form of power-laws with index values, which, in some parameter regimes, compare favorably to those inferred from solar EUV and X-ray flare data. For models using conservative or near-conservative redistribution rules, a population of large, quasiperiodic avalanches can also appear. Although without direct counterparts in the observational global st...

Strugarek, Antoine; Joseph, Richard; Pirot, Dorian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Noise Control of a Flare Stack  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As part of its noise abatement program the Standard Oil Company of California has undertaken to reduce the noise radiated from the flare stacks serving the new process plants at the El Segundo Refinery. These flares used to burn excess refinery hydrocarbon gases have to operate smokelessly. To accomplish this high?pressure steam jets are used to discharge a turbulent steam?air mixture into the combustion zone. This system although muffled proved to be an intolerable source of noise in the adjacent community. An examination of the noise spectrum indicated that the mixing between the steam ejected from the 3 4 ? in. ? diam primary nozzle and the ambient air was a major source of noise. A series of exploratory model scale tests were conducted in an effort to reduce the noise. By replacing a single 3 4 ? in. ?diam nozzle with a multiple nozzle the radiated noise was reduced by 16 dB. The multiple nozzle configuration and the experimental program leading to its design are described.

A. S. Hersh; J. G. Seebold

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Entire . The entire report as a single file. PDF 1.2MB . . Front Matter . Petroleum Marketing Annual Cover Page, Contacts, Preface, and Table of Contents PDF . . Highlights . Petroleum Marketing Annual Highlights PDF . . Summary Statistics . Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF TXT 2 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT 3 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT 4 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF TXT 5 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF TXT 6 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 7 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 8 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT

224

Petroleum Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page intentionally left blank This page intentionally left blank 137 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Petroleum Market Module The NEMS Petroleum Market Module (PMM) projects petroleum product prices and sources of supply for meeting petroleum product demand. The sources of supply include crude oil (both domestic and imported), petroleum product imports, unfinished oil imports, other refinery inputs (including alcohols, ethers, bioesters, corn, biomass, and coal), natural gas plant liquids production, and refinery processing gain. In addition, the PMM projects capacity expansion and fuel consumption at domestic refineries. The PMM contains a linear programming (LP) representation of U.S. refining activities in the five Petroleum Administration for

225

Petroleum Marketing Annual  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Entire . The entire report as a single file. PDF 1.2MB . Front Matter . Petroleum Marketing Annual Cover Page, Preface, and Table of Contents PDF . Highlights . Petroleum Marketing Annual Highlights PDF . . Summary Statistics . Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF TXT 2 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT 3 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT 4 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF TXT 5 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF TXT 6 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 7 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 8 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT

226

Petroleum Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page inTenTionally lefT blank 135 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Petroleum Market Module The NEMS Petroleum Market Module (PMM) projects petroleum product prices and sources of supply for meeting petroleum product demand. The sources of supply include crude oil (both domestic and imported), petroleum product imports, unfinished oil imports, other refinery inputs (including alcohols, ethers, esters, corn, biomass, and coal), natural gas plant liquids production, and refinery processing gain. In addition, the PMM projects capacity expansion and fuel consumption at domestic refineries. The PMM contains a linear programming (LP) representation of U.S. refining activities in the five Petroleum Administration for

227

Petroleum Marketing Annual  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Entire . The entire report as a single file. PDF 2.9MB . . Front Matter . Petroleum Marketing Annual Cover Page, Contacts, Preface, and Table of Contents PDF . . Highlights . Petroleum Marketing Annual Highlights PDF . . Summary Statistics . Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF 2 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF 3 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF 4 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF 5 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF 6 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF 7 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF 8 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF 9 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF

228

Petroleum Marketing Annual  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Entire . The entire report as a single file. PDF 2.9MB . . Front Matter . Petroleum Marketing Annual Cover Page, Contacts, Preface, and Table of Contents PDF . . Highlights . Petroleum Marketing Annual Highlights PDF . . Summary Statistics . Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF 2 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF 3 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF 4 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF 5 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF 6 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF 7 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF 8 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF 9 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF

229

Effective marketing of technical innovation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent trends in the global business market point to the increasing importance of technology and technical innovations to gain and maintain competitive business strategic advantage. However, the marketing of technical innovations throughout the supply chain is still governed by traditional strategies and practices. Such strategies and practices are ineffective in a highly technologically advanced marketplace. As a result, the marketers of technologically innovative products and concepts are left with many questions and very few practical answers. This research offers a practical, integrated approach to marketing technical innovations. The approach offered is presented within an organisational, people and technology strategic context. A field study is utilised to illustrate the utility of the proposed approach.

Andrew J. Czuchry; Mahmoud M. Yasin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

36Super-fast solar flares ! NASA's Ramaty High Energy Solar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

36Super-fast solar flares ! NASA's Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI) satellite has been studying solar flares since 2002. The sequence of figures to the left shows a flaring region hr/3600 sec = 0.98 kilometers/sec. The solar flare blob was traveling at 207 kilometers per second

231

Market Power in Pollution Permit Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As with other commodity markets, markets for trading pollution permits have not been immune to market power concerns. In this paper, I survey the existing literature on market power in permit trading but also contribute ...

Montero, Juan Pablo

232

The Current Rice Agrochemicals Market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rice is the single most important crop in terms of the value of consumption of agrochemicals, with a global end-user market value ... nearly 92% of the rice production, uses agrochemicals to the value of just ove...

Allan T. Woodburn

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Soft X-ray Pulsations in Solar Flares  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The soft X-ray emissions of solar flares come mainly from the bright coronal loops at the highest temperatures normally achieved in the flare process. Their ubiquity has led to their use as a standard measure of flare occurrence and energy, although the bulk of the total flare energy goes elsewhere. Recently Dolla et al. (2012) noted quasi-periodic pulsations (QPP) in the soft X-ray signature of the X-class flare SOL2011-02-15, as observed by the standard photometric data from the GOES (Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite) spacecraft. We analyze the suitability of the GOES data for this kind of analysis and find them to be generally valuable after Sept. 2010 (GOES-15). We then extend Dolla et al. results to a list of X-class flares from Cycle 24, and show that most of them display QPP in the impulsive phase. During the impulsive phase the footpoints of the newly-forming flare loops may also contribute to the observed soft X-ray variations. The QPP show up cleanly in both channels of the GOES dat...

Simes, Paulo J A; Fletcher, Lyndsay

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

OBSERVATIONS OF THERMAL FLARE PLASMA WITH THE EUV VARIABILITY EXPERIMENT  

SciTech Connect

One of the defining characteristics of a solar flare is the impulsive formation of very high temperature plasma. The properties of the thermal emission are not well understood, however, and the analysis of solar flare observations is often predicated on the assumption that the flare plasma is isothermal. The EUV Variability Experiment (EVE) on the Solar Dynamics Observatory provides spectrally resolved observations of emission lines that span a wide range of temperatures (e.g., Fe XV-Fe XXIV) and allow for thermal flare plasma to be studied in detail. In this paper we describe a method for computing the differential emission measure distribution in a flare using EVE observations and apply it to several representative events. We find that in all phases of the flare the differential emission measure distribution is broad. Comparisons of EVE spectra with calculations based on parameters derived from the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites soft X-ray fluxes indicate that the isothermal approximation is generally a poor representation of the thermal structure of a flare.

Warren, Harry P.; Doschek, George A. [Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Mariska, John T. [School of Physics, Astronomy, and Computational Sciences, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States)

2013-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

235

Solar Flare Measurements with STIX and MiSolFA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar flares are the most powerful events in the solar system and the brightest sources of X-rays, often associated with emission of particles reaching the Earth and causing geomagnetic storms, giving problems to communication, airplanes and even black-outs. X-rays emitted by accelerated electrons are the most direct probe of solar flare phenomena. The Micro Solar-Flare Apparatus (MiSolFA) is a proposed compact X-ray detector which will address the two biggest issues in solar flare modeling. Dynamic range limitations prevent simultaneous spectroscopy with a single instrument of all X-ray emitting regions of a flare. In addition, most X-ray observations so far are inconsistent with the high anisotropy predicted by the models usually adopted for solar flares. Operated at the same time as the STIX instrument of the ESA Solar Orbiter mission, at the next solar maximum (2020), they will have the unique opportunity to look at the same flare from two different directions: Solar Orbiter gets very close to the Sun wit...

Casadei, Diego

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

PROPERTIES OF SEQUENTIAL CHROMOSPHERIC BRIGHTENINGS AND ASSOCIATED FLARE RIBBONS  

SciTech Connect

We report on the physical properties of solar sequential chromospheric brightenings (SCBs) observed in conjunction with moderate-sized chromospheric flares with associated Coronal mass ejections. To characterize these ephemeral events, we developed automated procedures to identify and track subsections (kernels) of solar flares and associated SCBs using high-resolution H{alpha} images. Following the algorithmic identification and a statistical analysis, we compare and find the following: SCBs are distinctly different from flare kernels in their temporal characteristics of intensity, Doppler structure, duration, and location properties. We demonstrate that flare ribbons are themselves made up of subsections exhibiting differing characteristics. Flare kernels are measured to have a mean propagation speed of 0.2 km s{sup -1} and a maximum speed of 2.3 km s{sup -1} over a mean distance of 5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 3} km. Within the studied population of SCBs, different classes of characteristics are observed with coincident negative, positive, or both negative and positive Doppler shifts of a few km s{sup -1}. The appearance of SCBs precedes peak flare intensity by Almost-Equal-To 12 minutes and decay Almost-Equal-To 1 hr later. They are also found to propagate laterally away from flare center in clusters at 45 km s{sup -1} or 117 km s{sup -1}. Given SCBs' distinctive nature compared to flares, we suggest a different physical mechanism relating to their origin than the associated flare. We present a heuristic model of the origin of SCBs.

Kirk, Michael S.; Balasubramaniam, K. S.; Jackiewicz, Jason; McAteer, R. T. James [Department of Astronomy, New Mexico State University, P.O. Box 30001, MSC 4500, Las Cruces, NM 88003-8001 (United States); Milligan, Ryan O., E-mail: mskirk@nmsu.edu [Astrophysics Research Centre, School of Mathematics and Physics, Queen's University Belfast, University Road Belfast, BT7 1NN (United Kingdom)

2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

237

Energy Market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Indeed, a large number of oil tankers and LNG carriers passes through the Bosporus and Dardanelles Straits, to transport raw materials to major world markets. The passage of tankers through the Turkish ... , to m...

Angelo Arcuri

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Market Studies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This page contains links to lighting market characterization studies published by the U.S. Department of Energy, plus information on current studies under way. These studies are intended to present...

239

Intranet Marketing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

After countless delays, months of exasperating fights between HR and marketing and the folks in your technology group not to mention a significant ... and human capital your brand-new corporate intranet will ...

Frank Pappas

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

MARKETING MAJOR (Integrated Marketing Communications Specialization)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MARKETING MAJOR (Integrated Marketing Communications Specialization) UPPER DIVISION REQUIREMENTS & Organizational Behavior MKT 370: Marketing Minimum grade of C required for Marketing, IMC majors MGT 405 for Marketing, IMC majors MKT 371: Consumer & Buyer Behavior MKT 370 with a C MKT 373: Integrated Marketing

Ponce, V. Miguel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flared marketed production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Impulsive phase flare energy transport by large-scale Alfven waves and the electron acceleration problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The impulsive phase of a solar flare marks the epoch of rapid conversion of energy stored in the pre-flare coronal magnetic field. Hard X-ray observations imply that a substantial fraction of flare energy released during the impulsive phase is converted to the kinetic energy of mildly relativistic electrons (10-100 keV). The liberation of the magnetic free energy can occur as the coronal magnetic field reconfigures and relaxes following reconnection. We investigate a scenario in which products of the reconfiguration - large-scale Alfven wave pulses - transport the energy and magnetic-field changes rapidly through the corona to the lower atmosphere. This offers two possibilities for electron acceleration. Firstly, in a coronal plasma with beta < m_e/m_p, the waves propagate as inertial Alfven waves. In the presence of strong spatial gradients, these generate field-aligned electric fields that can accelerate electrons to energies on the order of 10 keV and above, including by repeated interactions between el...

Fletcher, L

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

MARKETING APPLICATIONS: International Marketing, Marketing in the EU and Tourism Marketing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MARKETING APPLICATIONS: International Marketing, Marketing in the EU and Tourism Marketing Summer Business Program 2012 Course Marketing Applications: International Marketing, Marketing in the European Union and Tourism Marketing Professors Juan L. Nicolau. University of Alicante. JL.Nicolau@ua.es María

Escolano, Francisco

243

Understanding the China energy market: trends and opportunities 2006  

SciTech Connect

The report is broken up into 4 Sections: Section I - Overview of China Energy Market (historical background, market value, consumption, production, reserves, export and import, market segmentation, market forecast); Section II - Market Analysis (PEST analysis, Porter's five forces analysis, socio-economic trends, consumption trends); Section III - Market Segments (electricity, oil, natural gas, liquefied natural gas, liquid petroleum gas, nuclear power, coal, renewables, photovoltaics, wind power, hydroelectric power. Each market segment details current and planned projects, and lists participants in that sector); and Section IV - Breaking Into the Market (regulatory framework, methods of market entry, foreign investment, challenges, government agencies).

Barbara Drazga

2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

244

Sign singularity and flares in solar active region NOAA 11158  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Active Region NOAA 11158 has hosted a number of strong flares, including one X2.2 event. The complexity of current density and current helicity are studied through cancellation analysis of their sign-singular measure, which features power-law scaling. Spectral analysis is also performed, revealing the presence of two separate scaling ranges with different spectral index. The time evolution of parameters is discussed. Sudden changes of the cancellation exponents at the time of large flares, and the presence of correlation with EUV and X-ray flux, suggest that eruption of large flares can be linked to the small scale properties of the current structures.

Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Kazachenko, Maria D; Krucker, Sam; Primavera, Leonardo; Servidio, Sergio; Vecchio, Antonio; Welsch, Brian T; Fisher, George H; Lepreti, Fabio; Carbone, Vincenzo

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Market Transformation: Fuel Cell Early Adoption (Presentation...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Fuel Cell Technologies Office Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Delivery Hydrogen Storage Fuel Cells Technology Validation Manufacturing Safety, Codes, and Standards Education Market...

246

Energy Information Administration / Petroleum Marketing Annual...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

55 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997 Prices of Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State...

247

2008 Fuel Cell Technologies Market Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report provides an overview of trends in the fuel cell industry and markets, including product shipments, market development, and corporate performance. It also provides snapshots of select fuel cell companies, including general business strategy and market focus, as well as, financial information for select publicly-traded companies.

248

Enertech Marketing Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Enertech Marketing Services Enertech Marketing Services Jump to: navigation, search Name Enertech Marketing Services Place Bangalore, Karnataka, India Zip 560041 Sector Services, Solar Product Enertech Marketing Services was established in the year 1997 with the purpose of providing products, services and solutions in the fields of energy conservation and alternative sources of energy, especially solar. References Enertech Marketing Services[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Enertech Marketing Services is a company located in Bangalore, Karnataka, India . References ↑ "Enertech Marketing Services" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Enertech_Marketing_Services&oldid=344933"

249

Economics and regulation of petroleum futures markets  

SciTech Connect

Because the futures market in petroleum products is a relatively recent phenomenon, the implications of public policies formulated for that market have not yet been fully explored. To provide the Office of Competition of the Department of Energy (DOE) with sufficient information to assess policy alternatives, Resource Planning Associates, Inc. (RPA) was asked to analyze the development of the futures market in No. 2 oil, assess the potential for futures markets in other petroleum products, and identify policy alternatives available to DOE. To perform this analysis, the criteria for a viable futures market was established first. Then, the experience to date with the 18-month-old futures market in No. 2 oil was examined, and the potential for viable futures markets in No. 6 oil, gasoline, jet fuel, and crude oil was assessed. Finally, how existing DOE regulations and prospective actions might affect petroleum futures market development was investigated.

Not Available

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Silica Scale Management: Lowering Operating Costs through Improved Scale Control, and Adding Value by Extracting Marketable By-Products  

SciTech Connect

We are using laboratory and field experiments to design modeling tools and technology that will improve silica scale management practices in geothermal plants. Our work will help to lower operating costs through improved scale prediction and add new revenue streams from sale of mineral byproducts extracted from geothermal fluids. Improving the economics and effectiveness of scale control programs and/or extraction systems in geothermal operations requires a coupled kinetic-thermodynamic model of silica behavior. Silica scale precipitation is a multi-step process, involving a nucleation-related induction period, aqueous polymerization, condensation of polymers to form colloids, and deposition onto a solid surface. Many chemical and physical variables influence the rates of these steps and their impacts must be quantified and predictable in order to optimally control silica behavior. To date, in laboratory studies, we have quantified the effects on silica polymerization of the following set of chemical variables: Na at 500 and 2000 ppm, pH values from 5 to 9, temperatures of 25 and 50 C, and silica saturation values from 1.2 to 6 at initial dissolved silica concentrations of 600 ppm. Lowering pH both increases the induction time prior to polymerization and decreases the polymerization rate. We have successfully used a multiple regression model to predict polymerization rates from these variables. Geothermal fluids contain significant dissolved concentrations of potentially valuable mineral resources such as zinc, lithium, cesium and rubidium, but silica fouling interferes with traditional extraction methods. We are developing customized and new technologies to extract the silica as a commercial-grade commodity as well as the valuable metals. We are conducting field testing of some of these techniques at a Mammoth, CA geothermal plant using a reverse osmosis unit to concentrate the fluid, adding a commercial agglomerating agent to promote silica precipitation, and then removing the silica using a tangential flow ultrafilter. The particle size, surface area and trace impurities of the silica are characterized for comparison with commercial-grade silica products. We are also testing ion exchange resins and other functionalized materials to extract potentially economic concentrations of lithium, cesium, and rubidium that are enriched in the reverse osmosis concentrate.

Burton, E A; Bourcier, W L; Wallce, A; Bruton, C J; Leif, R

2003-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

251

Obscuration of Flare Emission by an Eruptive Prominence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the eclipsing of microwave flare emission by an eruptive prominence from a neighboring region as observed by the Nobeyama Radioheliograph at 17 GHz. The obscuration of the flare emission appears as a dimming feature in the microwave flare light curve. We use the dimming feature to derive the temperature of the prominence and the distribution of heating along the length of the filament. We find that the prominence is heated to a temperature above the quiet Sun temperature at 17 GHz. The duration of the dimming is the time taken by the eruptive prominence in passing over the flaring region. We also find evidence for the obscuration in EUV images obtained by the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) mission.

Gopalswamy, Nat

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Lifetime of solar flare particles in coronal storage regions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Most discussions of lifetime of flare particles in the solar corona have assumed that collision loss is ... However, it is quite possible that the solar cosmic rays are not imbedded in 106...K coronal material bu...

Kinsey A. Anderson

1972-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

The Magnetohydrodynamics of Energy Release in Solar Flares [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1991 research-article The Magnetohydrodynamics of Energy Release in Solar Flares [and Discussion] E. R. Priest K. J. H...two key processes of magnetic eruption and magnetic energy conversion by reconnection are reviewed briefly, with...

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Interplanetary hydromagnetic clouds as flare-generated spheromaks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solar flare-generated interplanetary clouds are proposed to be treated as oblate spheromaks (oblamaks) with predominantly force-free magnetic field. The solution found for a force-free field equation in spheroida...

K. G. Ivanov; A. F. Harshiladze

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Magnetic energy conversion, magnetospheric substorms and solar flares  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... The magnetospheric substorm has been thought to be the manifestation of a sudden conversion of the magnetic ... of the magnetic energy stored in the magnetotail before substorm onset. It has been believed that solar flares ...

S.-I. Akasofu

1980-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

256

SHATTERING FLARES DURING CLOSE ENCOUNTERS OF NEUTRON STARS  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate that resonant shattering flares can occur during close passages of neutron stars in eccentric or hyperbolic encounters. We provide updated estimates for the rate of close encounters of compact objects in dense stellar environments, which we find are substantially lower than given in previous works. While such occurrences are rare, we show that shattering flares can provide a strong electromagnetic counterpart to the gravitational wave bursts expected from such encounters, allowing triggered searches for these events to occur.

Tsang, David, E-mail: dtsang@physics.mcgill.ca [Department of Physics, McGill University, Montreal, QC (Canada)

2013-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

257

MARKETING APPLICATIONS: Tourism Marketing, Pan-European Marketing and Brand Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Syllabus MARKETING APPLICATIONS: Tourism Marketing, Pan-European Marketing and Brand Management Summer 2011 Alicante, Spain Course MARKETING APPLICATIONS: Tourism Marketing, Pan-European Marketing Objectives This course examines three relevant applications of Marketing principles. Tourism Marketing

Escolano, Francisco

258

Constraining Solar Flare Differential Emission Measures with EVE and RHESSI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Deriving a well-constrained differential emission measure (DEM) distribution for solar flares has historically been difficult, primarily because no single instrument is sensitive to the full range of coronal temperatures observed in flares, from $\\lesssim$2 to $\\gtrsim$50 MK. We present a new technique, combining extreme ultraviolet (EUV) spectra from the EUV Variability Experiment (EVE) onboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory with X-ray spectra from the Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI), to derive, for the first time, a self-consistent, well-constrained DEM for jointly-observed solar flares. EVE is sensitive to ~2-25 MK thermal plasma emission, and RHESSI to $\\gtrsim$10 MK; together, the two instruments cover the full range of flare coronal plasma temperatures. We have validated the new technique on artificial test data, and apply it to two X-class flares from solar cycle 24 to determine the flare DEM and its temporal evolution; the constraints on the thermal emission derived from ...

Caspi, Amir; Warren, Harry P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Distribution and Market Share  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents findings from a census of more than 79,000 stock-keeping units (SKUs) in 37 consumer packaged goods categories totaling $55 billion in annual revenue. It shows that, in 86 percent of product categories, the relationship between market share and retail distribution is increasing and convex at the SKU level. The degree of convexity is greater in categories with higher revenues and more concentration in market shares. The relationship is also typically convex within leading brands SKU portfolios, showing that the double jeopardy phenomenon of low share and distribution not only affects small brands competing against market leaders, it also affects low-share \\{SKUs\\} within a category leader's product line. Holdout evidence shows that the distribution/share relationship within a brand's portfolio of existing \\{SKUs\\} usually holds for new \\{SKUs\\} as well. We explain how knowledge of the distribution/share relationship can help to improve a brand's go-to-market decisions for new SKUs.

Kenneth C. Wilbur; Paul W. Farris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025-Market Trends - Market  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Market Drivers Market Drivers Annual Energy Outlook 2004 with Projections to 2025 Market Trends - Market Drivers Index (click to jump links) Trends in Economic Activity International Oil Markets Figure 38. Average annual growth rates of real GDP and economic factors, 1995-2025 (percent). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Trends in Economic Activity Strong Economic Growth Is Expected To Continue The output of the Nation's economy, measured by gross domestic product (GDP), is projected to grow by 3.0 percent per year between 2002 and 2025 (with GDP based on 1996 chain-weighted dollars) (Figure 38). The projected growth rate is slightly lower than the 3.1-percent rate projected in AEO2003. The labor force is projected to increase by 0.9 percent per year

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flared marketed production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Marketing Mix for Next Generation Marketing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Marketing mix has under gone a sea change in last few decades. Every stake holder involved in the marketing process looks for Value. The customer enters in the marketing process for better value for his money through Value to Customer. The marketers would like to concentrate on the valued customer. The prime objective of any business is to sought value from the business value to the marketer. The marketer and customer would like to keep society's interest intact through Value to society. The new marketing mix model even though is at conceptual level but it certainly answers many questions of modern marketers which are not answered by traditional theories of marketing mix.

B.R. Londhe

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

The Social Complexity of Renewable Energy Production in the Countryside  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

threaten the energy monopolists dominant market position ifat times of energy over production, leaving the market for

Kunze, Conrad; Busch, Henner

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Capacity Markets for Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ternative Approaches for Power Capacity Markets, Papers andprof id=pjoskow. Capacity Markets for Electricity [13]Utility Commission- Capacity Market Questions, available at

Creti, Anna; Fabra, Natalia

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Clean Markets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Markets Markets Jump to: navigation, search Name Clean Markets Place Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Zip 19118 Sector Services Product Philadelphia-based provider of market development services to companies entering or operating in environmentally sustainable markets. Coordinates 39.95227°, -75.162369° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.95227,"lon":-75.162369,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

265

Gamma-Ray Polarimetry of Two X-Class Solar Flares  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have performed the first polarimetry of solar flare emission at gamma-ray energies (0.2-1 MeV). These observations were performed with the Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI) for two large flares: the GOES X4.8-class solar flare of 2002 July 23, and the X17-class flare of 2003 October 28. We have marginal polarization detections in both flares, at levels of 21% +/- 9% and -11% +/- 5% respectively. These measurements significantly constrain the levels and directions of solar flare gamma-ray polarization, and begin to probe the underlying electron distributions.

Steven E. Boggs; W. Coburn; E. Kalemci

2005-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

266

Petroleum Marketing Annual 2009  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Released: August 6, 2010 Released: August 6, 2010 Notice: Price data for petroleum products will be changed from cents per gallon to dollars per gallon later this year for the 2010 data. Petroleum Marketing Annual --- Full report in PDF (1.2 MB) Summary Statistics Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF TXT 1A Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil by PAD Districts PDF TXT 2 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT 3 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT 4 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF TXT 5 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF TXT 6 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 7 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT

267

Marketing R&D for Marketing Innovation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Marketing R&D for Marketing Innovation ... DR. THEODORE LEVITT , Lecturer on Business Administration, Harvard Business School; Member of Plans Board, Lippincott & Margulies, Inc., New York industrial designers and marketing consultants ...

1961-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

268

Predicting market power in wholesale electricity markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Predicting market power in wholesale electricity markets#3; David M Newbery Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge August 26, 2008 Abstract The traditional measure of market power is the HHI, which gives implausible results given the low... elasticity of demand in electricity spot markets, unless it is adapted to take account of contracting. In its place the Residual Supply Index has been proposed as a more suitable index to measure potential market power in electricity markets, notably...

Newbery, David

269

MARKETING CONCENTRATION FOR UNDERGRADUATES The marketing concentration, like a major, provides students with an understanding of what customers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MARKETING CONCENTRATION FOR UNDERGRADUATES The marketing concentration, like a major, provides to meet this demand. Marketing activities, including product research and concept testing, are explored. Students learn how businesses need marketing to reach and serve customers in order to successfully achieve

Salama, Khaled

270

Petroleum marketing monthly  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Market Digest: Natural Gas  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The Energy Information Administration's Natural Gas Market Digest provides information and analyses on all aspects of natural gas markets.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Marketing men try computer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Marketing men try computer ... This is an uncomfortable condition for the marketer, since his task becomes more complex and expensive. ...

1966-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

273

Utility-Marketing Partnerships: An Effective Strategy for Marketing Green Power?  

SciTech Connect

This paper explores whether partnerships between utilities and independent marketers are an effective strategy for marketing green power. We present case studies of voluntary and mandatory partnerships covering green power program design and implementation in both regulated and restructured electricity markets. We also include perspectives (based on interviews) from utilities, marketers, and regulators involved in developing and implementing these partnerships. From these case studies and interviews, we describe lessons learned about developing effective partnerships, including such issues as respective roles in marketing and administration, product branding, and contract and incentive structures. Based on experience to date, strategic partnerships between utilities and marketers can be an effective approach to marketing green power. Partnerships leverage the sales and resource procurement experience of marketers and the utility?s reputation and access to customers. Further, partnerships can create greater incentives for success because marketers have a vested financial interest in maximizing customer participation and green power sales.

Bird, L. A.; Brown, E. S.

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

20% Wind Energy by 2030 - Chapter 6: Wind Power Markets Summary...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

have no compliance market * More than 500,000 electricity customers purchase green power products Air qualityemissions markets * Carbon dioxide trading programs are currently...

275

U.K. Atomic Energy Authority, G. D. Searle form new company to market radiochemicals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

U.K. Atomic Energy Authority, G. D. Searle form new company to market radiochemicals ... Nuclear-Chicago markets about two thirds of products represented by these sales. ...

1968-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

276

Performance, Market and Manufacturing Constraints relevant to the Industrialization of Thermoelectric Devices  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Market pricing of thermoelectric raw materials and processing, cost of manufacture of devices and systems constraints on the viability of a mass market thermoelectric product are discussed

277

Discovery of a Radio Flare from GRB 990123  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the discovery of a radio counterpart to GRB 990123. In contrast to previous well-studied radio afterglows which rise to peak flux on a timescale of a week and then decay over several weeks to months, the radio emission from this GRB was clearly detected one day after the burst, after which it rapidly faded away. The simplest interpretation of this ``radio flare'' is that it arises from the reverse shock. In the framework of the afterglow models discussed to date, a forward shock origin for the flare is ruled out by our data. However, at late times, some radio afterglow emission (commensurate with the observed late-time optical emission, the optical afterglow) is expected from the forward shock. The relative faintness of the observed late-time radio emission provides an independent indication for a jet-like geometry in this GRB. We use the same radio observations to constrain two key parameters of the forward shock, peak flux and peak frequency, to within a factor of two. These values are inconsistent with the notion advocated by several authors that the prompt optical emission detected by ROTSE smoothly joins the optical afterglow emission. Finally, with hindsight we now recognize another such radio flare and this suggests that one out of eight GRBs has a detectable radio flare. This abundance coupled with the reverse shock interpretation suggests that the radio flare phenomenon has the potential to shed new light into the physics of reverse shocks in GRBs.

S. R. Kulkarni; D. A. Frail; R. Sari; G. H. Moriarty-Schieven; D. S. Shepherd; P. Udomprasert; A. C. S. Readhead; J. S. Bloom; M. Feroci; E. Costa

1999-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

278

Repeated X-ray Flaring Activity in Sagittarius A*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Investigating the spectral and temporal characteristics of the X-rays coming from Sagittarius A* (Sgr A*) is essential to our development of a more complete understanding of the emission mechanisms in this supermassive black hole located at the center of our Galaxy. Several X-ray flares with varying durations and spectral features have already been observed from this object. Here we present the results of two long XMM-Newton observations of the Galactic nucleus carried out in 2004, for a total exposure time of nearly 500 ks. During these observations we detected two flares from Sgr A* with peak 2-10 keV luminosities about 40 times (L ~ 9x10^34 erg s?1) above the quiescent luminosity: one on 2004 March 31 and another on 2004 August 31. The first flare lasted about 2.5 ks and the second about 5 ks. The combined fit on the Epic spectra yield photon indeces of about 1.5 and 1.9 for the first and second flare respectively. This hard photon index strongly suggests the presence of an important population of non-thermal electrons during the event and supports the view that the majority of flaring events tend to be hard and not very luminous.

Guillaume Belanger; Andrea Goldwurm; Fulvio Melia; Farah Yusef-Zadeh; Philippe Ferrando; Delphine Porquet; Nicolas Grosso; Robert Warwick

2005-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

279

Thermal and non-thermal energies in solar flares  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy of the thermal flare plasma and the kinetic energy of the non-thermal electrons in 14 hard X-ray peaks from 9 medium-sized solar flares have been determined from RHESSI observations. The emissions have been carefully separated in the spectrum. The turnover or cutoff in the low-energy distribution of electrons has been studied by simulation and fitting, yielding a reliable lower limit to the non-thermal energy. It remains the largest contribution to the error budget. Other effects, such as albedo, non-uniform target ionization, hot target, and cross-sections on the spectrum have been studied. The errors of the thermal energy are about equally as large. They are due to the estimate of the flare volume, the assumption of the filling factor, and energy losses. Within a flare, the non-thermal/thermal ratio increases with accumulation time, as expected from loss of thermal energy due to radiative cooling or heat conduction. Our analysis suggests that the thermal and non-thermal energies are of the same magnitude. This surprising result may be interpreted by an efficient conversion of non-thermal energy to hot flare plasma.

Pascal Saint-Hilaire; Arnold O. Benz

2005-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

280

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute gout flare Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

gout flare Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: acute gout flare Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Uricase for gout treatment Chapter 5.1...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flared marketed production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

An Invariable Point in the Energy Spectra of Non-Thermal Electrons of Solar Flares  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The power-law energy spectra of non-thermal electrons for each 1.024 second have been drawn together during the flare. For some flares, it is discovered that the energy spectra taken at different times present...

W.Q. Gan

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

The marketing programme includes an all-important introduction to man-agement decision-making, as well as a set of business functions. Market-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The marketing programme includes an all-important introduction to man- agement decision-making, as well as a set of business functions. Market- ing is indispensable in top management's choice of markets to each of the following marketing policy areas: innovation and channel management, product/market

283

Petroleum Marketing Annual 2007  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Released: August 29, 2008 Petroleum Marketing Annual --- Full report in PDF (1.2 MB) Summary Statistics Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF TXT 1A Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil by PAD Districts PDF TXT 2 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT 3 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT 4 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF TXT 5 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF TXT 6 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 7 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 8 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 9 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT

284

Petroleum Marketing Annual 2008  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 Released: August 27, 2009 Petroleum Marketing Annual --- Full report in PDF (1.2 MB) Summary Statistics Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF TXT 1A Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil by PAD Districts PDF TXT 2 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT 3 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT 4 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF TXT 5 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF TXT 6 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 7 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 8 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 9 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT

285

Market Organization and Efficiency in Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Market Organization and Efficiency in Electricity Markets Erin T. Mansur and Matthew W. White October 2007 ­ Draft Abstract Electricity markets exhibit two different forms of organization costs. Our analysis points to the merits of organized market institutions for electricity, a central

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

286

Physical origin of X-ray flares following GRBs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the major achievements of Swift is the discovery of the erratic X-ray flares harboring nearly half of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), both for long-duration and short-duration categories, and both for traditional hard GRBs and soft X-ray flashes (XRFs). Here I review the arguments in support of the suggestion that they are powered by reactivation of the GRB central engine, and that the emission site is typically ``internal'', i.e. at a distance within the forward shock front. The curvature effect that characterizes the decaying lightcurve slope during the fading phase of the flares provides an important clue. I will then discuss several suggestions to re-start the GRB central engine and comment on how future observations may help to unveil the physical origin of X-ray flares.

Bing Zhang

2006-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

287

Terahertz photometer to observe solar flares in continuum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar observations at sub-THz frequencies detected a new flare spectral component peaking in the THz range, simultaneously with the well known microwaves component, bringing challenging constraints for interpretation. Higher THz frequencies observations are needed to understand the nature of the mechanisms occurring in flares. A THz photometer system was developed to observe outside the terrestrial atmosphere on stratospheric balloons or satellites, or at exceptionally transparent ground stations. The telescope was designed to observe the whole solar disk detecting small relative changes in input temperature caused by flares at localized positions. A Golay cell detector is preceded by low-pass filters to suppress visible and near IR radiation, a band-pass filter, and a chopper. A prototype was assembled to demonstrate the new concept and the system performance. It can detect temperature variations smaller than 1 K for data sampled at a rate of 10/second, smoothed for intervals larger than 4 seconds. For a 76 ...

Marcon, Rogerio; Fernandes, Luis Olavo T; Godoy, Rodolfo; Marun, Adolfo; Bortolucci, Emilio C; Zakia, Maria Beny; Diniz, Jos Alexandre; Kudaka, Amauri S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Energy Partitions and Evolution in a Purely Thermal Solar Flare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a solely thermal flare, which we detected in the microwave range from the thermal gyro- and free-free emission it produced. An advantage of analyzing thermal gyro emission is its unique ability to precisely yield the magnetic field in the radiating volume. When combined with observationally-deduced plasma density and temperature, these magnetic field measurements offer a straightforward way of tracking evolution of the magnetic and thermal energies in the flare. For the event described here, the magnetic energy density in the radio-emitting volume declines over the flare rise phase, then stays roughly constant during the extended peak phase, but recovers to the original level over the decay phase. At the stage where the magnetic energy density decreases, the thermal energy density increases; however, this increase is insufficient, by roughly an order of magnitude, to compensate for the magnetic energy decrease. When the magnetic energy release is over, the source parameters come back to ne...

Fleishman, Gregory D; Gary, Dale E

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Other States Natural Gas Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Other States Natural Gas Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 408 1992 501 530 501 1993 501 522 515 533 536 531 583 546 1994 533 616 623 620 629 654 1995 667 594 663 634 643 626 643 663 603 553 567 578 1996 549 538 625 620 693 703 709 715 676 708 682 690 1997 133 124 135 142 147 142 149 177 160 150 159 161 1998 147 134 150 148 132 117 126 132 124 121 121 123 1999 754 406 686 588 693 611 708 340 590 811 785 592 2000 147 135 152 163 175 159 187 180 175 179 176 183 2001 166 149 171 206 224 208 221 218 229 222 222 238 2002 172 163 176 196 185 177 191 184 188 180 157 165

290

Modelling the influence of photospheric turbulence on solar flare statistics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar flares stem from the reconnection of twisted magnetic field lines in the solar photosphere. The energy and waiting time distributions of these events follow complex patterns that have been carefully considered in the past and that bear some resemblance with earthquakes and stockmarkets. Here we explore in detail the tangling motion of interacting flux tubes anchored in the plasma and the energy ejections resulting when they recombine. The mechanism for energy accumulation and release in the flow is reminiscent of self-organized criticality. From this model we suggest the origin for two important and widely studied properties of solar flare statistics, including the time-energy correlations. We first propose that the scale-free energy distribution of solar flares is largely due to the twist exerted by the vorticity of the turbulent photosphere. Second, the long-range temporal and time-energy correlations appear to arise from the tube-tube interactions. The agreement with satellite measurements is encoura...

Mendoza, M; de Arcangelis, L; Andrade, J S; Herrmann, H J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Solar Flare Intermittency and the Earth's Temperature Anomalies Nicola Scafetta1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Flare Intermittency and the Earth's Temperature Anomalies Nicola Scafetta1,2 and Bruce J; published 17 June 2003) We argue that Earth's short-term temperature anomalies and the solar flare data sets that corresponds to the one that would be induced by the solar flare intermittency. The mean

Scafetta, Nicola

292

Detection of a Large Flare in FR Cnc (=1RXS J083230.9+154940)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report detection of an optical flare in the BY Draconis type star FR Cnc. The flare duration is 41 min, the amplitude is in the B band 1.02 m. It is the first flare reported for this object.

Alex Golovin; Elena Pavlenko; Yuliana Kuznyetsova; Victoria Krushevska

2007-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

293

Thermal and Magnetic Parameters in Solar Flares Derived from GOES X-Ray Light Curves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......6110 6190 6220 6310 Thermal and Magnetic Parameters in Solar Flares Derived from...impulsive phase of 20 solar flares and to estimate the thermal and magnetic parameters...parameters and the thermal ones, have been applied not only to solar flares, but also......

Tetsuya T. Yamamoto; Takashi Sakurai

2010-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

294

Automatic Solar Flare Detection Using MLP, RBF and SVM , Frank Y. Shih1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in light curves. In the mean time, solar flares also emit high velocity charged particles that take one1 Automatic Solar Flare Detection Using MLP, RBF and SVM Ming Qu1 , Frank Y. Shih1 , Ju Jing2. The focus of the automatic solar flare detection is on the development of efficient feature

295

Title: Development of Statistical and Data Drive Models to Predict Flares for Space Weather Predictions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D and civilian assets in both space and ground. The current state of predictability of solar flares is basedTitle: Development of Statistical and Data Drive Models to Predict Solar Flares for Space Weather Collaborator: Dr. K. S. Balasubramaniam, Air Force Research Laboratory Summary: Solar flares impact Do

Johnson, Eric E.

296

PRODUCTION  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

27 Celanese Corp. of America sent a letter to its customers requesting return of empty Lindol and Celluflex drums, freight collect, for a rebate of $1.00 per drum received it good condition. ... This letter has now been followed by a second, offering an increased rebate of $2.00 per drum "because of the current market value of used drums." ...

1950-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

297

Assessing marketing performance: history and challenges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

While assessing the marketing performance of an organisation is increasingly important, it is also increasingly difficult due to the nature of the discipline and several challenges facing researchers and managers. This article reviews the long history of marketing performance assessment and the nature of those challenges. The earliest work in this area examined the productivity of marketing, traditionally defined as financial output per marketing input. Later writers have explored non-financial outputs, and looked at an expanded concept of marketing activities and assets as they lead to business outcomes. I briefly review four measures that have attracted substantial attention in the past ten years - market orientation, customer satisfaction, customer loyalty and brand equity - and conclude with a discussion of challenges for the better measurement and understanding of performance in marketing.

Bruce H. Clark

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Multi-wavelength analysis of high energy electrons in solar flares: a case study of August 20, 2002 flare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A multi-wavelength spatial and temporal analysis of solar high energy electrons is conducted using the August 20, 2002 flare of an unusually flat (gamma=1.8) hard X-ray spectrum. The flare is studied using RHESSI, Halpha, radio, TRACE, and MDI observations with advanced methods and techniques never previously applied in the solar flare context. A new method to account for X-ray Compton backscattering in the photosphere (photospheric albedo) has been used to deduce the primary X-ray flare spectra. The mean electron flux distribution has been analysed using both forward fitting and model independent inversion methods of spectral analysis. We show that the contribution of the photospheric albedo to the photon spectrum modifies the calculated mean electron flux distribution, mainly at energies below 100 keV. The positions of the Halpha emission and hard X-ray sources with respect to the current-free extrapolation of the MDI photospheric magnetic field and the characteristics of the radio emission provide evidence of the closed geometry of the magnetic field structure and the flare process in low altitude magnetic loops. In agreement with the predictions of some solar flare models, the hard X-ray sources are located on the external edges of the Halpha emission and show chromospheric plasma heated by the non-thermal electrons. The fast changes of Halpha intensities are located not only inside the hard X-ray sources, as expected if they are the signatures of the chromospheric response to the electron bombardment, but also away from them.

J. Kasparova; M. Karlicky; E. P. Kontar; R. A. Schwartz; B. R. Dennis

2005-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

299

TIDAL DISRUPTION FLARES: THE ACCRETION DISK PHASE  

SciTech Connect

The evolution of an accretion disk, formed as a consequence of the disruption of a star by a black hole, is followed by solving numerically hydrodynamic equations. The present investigation aims to study the dependence of resulting light curves on dynamical and physical properties of such a transient disk during its existence. One of the main results derived from our simulations is that blackbody fits of X-ray data tend to overestimate the true mean disk temperature. In fact, the temperature derived from blackbody fits should be identified with the color X-ray temperature rather than the average value derived from the true temperature distribution along the disk. The time interval between the beginning of the circularization of the bound debris and the beginning of the accretion process by the black hole is determined by the viscous (or accretion) timescale, which also fixes the rising part of the resulting light curve. The luminosity peak coincides with the beginning of matter accretion by the black hole and the late evolution of the light curve depends on the evolution of the debris fallback rate. Peak bolometric luminosities are in the range 10{sup 45}-10{sup 46} erg s{sup -1}, whereas peak luminosities in soft X-rays (0.2-2.0 keV) are typically one order of magnitude lower. The typical timescale derived from our preferred models for the flare luminosity to decay by two orders of magnitude is about 3-4 yr. Predicted soft X-ray light curves reproduce quite well data on galaxies in which a variable X-ray emission possibly related to a tidal event was detected. In the cases of NGC 3599 and IC 3599, data are reproduced well by models defined by a black hole with mass {approx}10{sup 7} M{sub sun} and a disrupted star of about 1 solar mass. The X-ray variation observed in XMMSL1 is consistent with a model defined by a black hole with mass {approx}3 x 10{sup 6} M{sub sun} and a disrupted star of 1 solar mass, while that observed in the galaxy situated in the cluster A1689 is consistent with a model including a black hole of {approx}10{sup 7} M{sub sun} and a disrupted star of {approx}0.5 M{sub sun}.

Montesinos Armijo, Matias; De Freitas Pacheco, Jose A. [Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, Laboratoire Cassiopee, Universite de Nice Sophia-Antipolis Bd de l'Observatoire, BP 4229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4 (France)

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Shaping the Market - Market Transformation | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Shaping the Market - Market Transformation Shaping the Market - Market Transformation Provides an overview of how the LEAP program (Charlottesville, VA) is working with real estate...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flared marketed production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Magnetic and dynamical photospheric disturbances observed during an M3.2 solar flare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This letter reports on a set of full-Stokes spectropolarimetric observations in the near infrared He I 10830 A spectral region covering the pre-, flare, and post-flare phases of an M3.2 class solar flare. The flare originated on 2013 May 17 and belonged to active region NOAA 11748. We detected strong He I 10830 A emission in the flare. The red component of the He I triplet peaks at an intensity ratio to the continuum of about 1.86. During the flare, He I Stokes V is substantially larger and appears reversed compared to the usually larger Si I Stokes V profile. The photospheric Si I inversions of the four Stokes profiles reveal the following: (1) the magnetic field strength in the photosphere decreases or is even absent during the flare phase, as compared to the pre-flare phase. However, this decrease is not permanent. After the flare the magnetic field recovers its pre-flare configuration in a short time (i.e., in 30 minutes after the flare). (2) In the photosphere, the line-of-sight velocities show a regular...

Kuckein, C; Sainz, R Manso

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Large Eddy Simulation of Industrial Flares Philip Smith  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At the Institute for Clean and Secure Energy at the University of Utah we are focused on education through and private industry companies to promote rapid deployment of new technologies through the use of high to solve many industrially relevant problems such as industrial flares, oxy-coal combustion processes

Utah, University of

303

Thermal and non-thermal energies in solar flares  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy of the thermal flare plasma and the kinetic energy of the non-thermal electrons in 14 hard X-ray peaks from 9 medium-sized solar flares have been determined from RHESSI observations. The emissions have been carefully separated in the spectrum. The turnover or cutoff in the low-energy distribution of electrons has been studied by simulation and fitting, yielding a reliable lower limit to the non-thermal energy. It remains the largest contribution to the error budget. Other effects, such as albedo, non-uniform target ionization, hot target, and cross-sections on the spectrum have been studied. The errors of the thermal energy are about equally as large. They are due to the estimate of the flare volume, the assumption of the filling factor, and energy losses. Within a flare, the non-thermal/thermal ratio increases with accumulation time, as expected from loss of thermal energy due to radiative cooling or heat conduction. Our analysis suggests that the thermal and non-thermal energies are of the same m...

Saint-Hilaire, P; Saint-Hilaire, Pascal; Benz, Arnold O.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

OBSERVATIONS OF RECONNECTING FLARE LOOPS WITH THE ATMOSPHERIC IMAGING ASSEMBLY  

SciTech Connect

Perhaps the most compelling evidence for the role of magnetic reconnection in solar flares comes from the supra-arcade downflows that have been observed above many post-flare loop arcades. These downflows are thought to be related to highly non-potential field lines that have reconnected and are propagating away from the current sheet. We present new observations of supra-arcade downflows taken with the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). The morphology and dynamics of the downflows observed with AIA provide new evidence for the role of magnetic reconnection in solar flares. With these new observations we are able to measure downflows originating at larger heights than in previous studies. We find, however, that the initial velocities measured here ({approx}144 km s{sup -1}) are well below the Alfven speed expected in the lower corona, and consistent with previous results. We also find no evidence that the downflows brighten with time, as would be expected from chromospheric evaporation. These observations suggest that simple two-dimensional models cannot explain the detailed observations of solar flares.

Warren, Harry P.; Sheeley, Neil R. Jr. [Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); O'Brien, Casey M. [Also at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. (United States)

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Simulations of the Mars ionosphere during a solar flare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.05.23 08:00-10:00 Spring AGU Meeting 2006, Acapulco, Mexico #12;Increased fluxes of X-rays during solarSimulations of the Mars ionosphere during a solar flare Paul Withers, Joei Wroten, Michael Mendillo simulations of the Mars ionosphere driven by temporally-varying solar fluxes, concentrating on 15 and 26 April

Withers, Paul

306

Magnetic Flares and the Observed Optical Depth in Seyfert Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We here consider the pressure equilibrium during an intense magnetic flare above the surface of a cold accretion disk. Under the assumption that the heating source for the plasma trapped within the flaring region is an influx of energy transported inwards with a group velocity close to $c$, e.g., by magnetohydrodynamic waves, this pressure equilibrium can constrain the Thomson optical depth $\\tau_T$ to be of order unity. We suggest that this may be the reason why $\\tau_T\\sim 1$ in Seyfert Galaxies. We also consider whether current data can distinguish between the spectrum produced by a single X-ray emitting region with $\\tau_T\\sim 1$ and that formed by many different flares spanning a range of $\\tau_T$. We find that the current observations do not yet have the required energy resolution to permit such a differentiation. Thus, it is possible that the entire X-ray/$\\gamma$-ray spectrum of Seyfert Galaxies is produced by many independent magnetic flares with an optical depth $0.5<\\tau_T<2$.

Sergei Nayakshin; Fulvio Melia

1997-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

307

MAGNETIC FIELD STRUCTURES TRIGGERING SOLAR FLARES AND CORONAL MASS EJECTIONS  

SciTech Connect

Solar flares and coronal mass ejections, the most catastrophic eruptions in our solar system, have been known to affect terrestrial environments and infrastructure. However, because their triggering mechanism is still not sufficiently understood, our capacity to predict the occurrence of solar eruptions and to forecast space weather is substantially hindered. Even though various models have been proposed to determine the onset of solar eruptions, the types of magnetic structures capable of triggering these eruptions are still unclear. In this study, we solved this problem by systematically surveying the nonlinear dynamics caused by a wide variety of magnetic structures in terms of three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulations. As a result, we determined that two different types of small magnetic structures favor the onset of solar eruptions. These structures, which should appear near the magnetic polarity inversion line (PIL), include magnetic fluxes reversed to the potential component or the nonpotential component of major field on the PIL. In addition, we analyzed two large flares, the X-class flare on 2006 December 13 and the M-class flare on 2011 February 13, using imaging data provided by the Hinode satellite, and we demonstrated that they conform to the simulation predictions. These results suggest that forecasting of solar eruptions is possible with sophisticated observation of a solar magnetic field, although the lead time must be limited by the timescale of changes in the small magnetic structures.

Kusano, K.; Bamba, Y.; Yamamoto, T. T. [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8601 (Japan); Iida, Y.; Toriumi, S. [Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Asai, A., E-mail: kusano@nagoya-u.jp [Unit of Synergetic Studies for Space, Kyoto University, 17 Kitakazan Ohmine-cho, Yamashina-ku, Kyoto 607-8471 (Japan)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

308

Recovery Act: ArcelorMittal USA Blast Furnace Gas Flare Capture  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) awarded a financial assistance grant under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) to ArcelorMittal USA, Inc. (ArcelorMittal) for a project to construct and operate a blast furnace gas recovery boiler and supporting infrastructure at ArcelorMittals Indiana Harbor Steel Mill in East Chicago, Indiana. Blast furnace gas (BFG) is a by-product of blast furnaces that is generated when iron ore is reduced with coke to create metallic iron. BFG has a very low heating value, about 1/10th the heating value of natural gas. BFG is commonly used as a boiler fuel; however, before installation of the gas recovery boiler, ArcelorMittal flared 22 percent of the blast furnace gas produced at the No. 7 Blast Furnace at Indiana Harbor. The project uses the previously flared BFG to power a new high efficiency boiler which produces 350,000 pounds of steam per hour. The steam produced is used to drive existing turbines to generate electricity and for other requirements at the facility. The goals of the project included job creation and preservation, reduced energy consumption, reduced energy costs, environmental improvement, and sustainability.

Seaman, John

2013-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

309

Fundamental Drivers of Pacific Northwest Power Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, utilities, power marketers, investors, and others on wholesale electricity and natural gas markets. Experts Load Transmission Thermal Hydro Wind (2005) #12;Natural Gas Capacity 6 5,000 MW of Natural Gas;Natural Gas Power Plant Production is Significantly Down 2010 to 2012 13 #12;Mid C Peak Heat Rates 14

310

Organizing a Marketing Club  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A marketing club is a group of people who usually meet once or twice a month with the common goal of increasing their knowledge of marketing and other risk management concepts. This publication offers suggestions for starting successful marketing...

Smith, Jackie; Waller, Mark L.; Anderson, Carl; Welch, Mark

2008-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

311

Marketing Portfolio Jorge Sotelo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marketing Portfolio Jorge Sotelo Month/Date/Year #12;2 Table of Contents Cover Letter........................................................................................................................................................4 Executive Summaries Strategic Marketing (MLS Soccer) .......................................................................................................5 Marketing Information Systems (US Men's Soccer National Team

de Lijser, Peter

312

Marketing Portfolio Bryan Huang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marketing Portfolio Bryan Huang Month/Day/Year #12;2 Table of Contents Cover Letter ........................................................................................................................................................4 Executive Summaries Strategic Marketing (The REMM Group) ............................................................................................5 Services Marketing (Orange County Parks

de Lijser, Peter

313

Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Production is obtained from proved reserves but the determinants of the scale of production in the industry and country components of the world total are many and complex with some unique to the individual com...

D. C. Ion

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

SOLAR MARKET POWERS SILICON  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

SOLAR MARKET POWERS SILICON ... Polysilicon shortages are boon to manufacturers, bane of solar energy industry ... Solar energy is a relatively new market for polysilicon manufacturers. ...

JEAN-FRA&CCEDIL;NOIS TREMBLAY

2006-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

315

Northwest Energy Market Assessment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Northwest Energy Market Assessment Pages Northwest-Energy-Market-Assessment Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects &...

316

Marketing Planning: Feeniks Koulu.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Degree Thesis Marketing Planning: Feeniks Koulu demonstrates structured marketing planning process with the help of case company Feeniks Koulu. The central idea of Thesis is (more)

Raut, Biranjan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Event Marketing som Marknadsinstrument.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? As the title insinuate, this essay illustrate Event Marketing as a marketing instrument, and how it can be used as a tool to facilitate (more)

Grannesberger, Robin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Trends in Internet Marketing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Internet marketing involves the usage of the Internet to market and sell goods or services. In this thesis we wished to seek answers for the (more)

Panchanathan, Nitin

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Navajo Marketing Plan Process  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Navajo Surplus Marketing Reference Material Amended Navajo Marketing Plan AZ Water Settlements Act Colorado River Basin Project Act General Power Contract Provisions (GCPC) - 09...

320

SSL Market Development Workshop  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

SSL Market Development Workshop Nov 12-13The 2014 DOE SSL Market Development Workshop gathers perspectives from government, industry, cities, utilities, designers, specifiers, retailers,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flared marketed production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Field Notes: Beijing Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in its proximity. Jingshen Seafood Market does not have theprovenance and consumption of seafood, its fish market is2159-2926 destination despite seafood being a characteristic

Seale, Kirsten

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Market Transformation Fact Sheet  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This fact sheet describes the Fuel Cell Technologies Office's Market Transformation strategies and activities, which are aimed at accelerating early market adoption and advancing pre-competitive technologies.

323

TRENDS in Chemical Marketing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

TRENDS in Chemical Marketing ... BEFORE any chemical sales organization, can meet or establish new trends in marketing, it must be completely aware of the problem it faces. ...

W. M. RUSSELL

1955-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

324

Reducing Emissions in Plant Flaring Operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, lowering emissions and maximizing production. Saving energy and reducing emissions are the internal requirements for every division of this major corporation. To achieve the public goals the company set, they issued a five year plan called Methods on Energy...

Duck, B.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Marketing Case Inventory --1 Marketing Curriculum Case Inventory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marketing Case Inventory -- 1 Marketing Curriculum Case Inventory AY 13-14 Case / Publisher / Case# Marketing Management ConsumerResearch MarketingStrategy MarketingResearch B2BMarketing Entrepreneurial Marketing BehavioralDecision Making SocialMedia&Digital Marketing Competitive Pricing AdvancedMarketing

von der Heydt, Rüdiger

326

Essays on International Market Entry Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two important issues regarding international market entry strategy remain largely unexplored: international launch time window (the elapsed time between product launch in the home country and launch in the focal country) and country sequence. First...

Song, Myunggook

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

327

Pollution Markets with Imperfectly Observed Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I study the advantages of pollution permit markets over traditional standard regulations when the regulator has incomplete information on firms emissions and costs of production and abatement (e.g., air pollution in large cities). Because...

Montero, Juan-Pablo

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

328

The optical flare and afterglow light curve of GRB 050904 at redshift z=6.29  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GRB050904 is very interesting since it is by far the most distant GRB event known to date($z=6.29$). It was reported that during the prompt high energy emission phase, a very bright optical flare was detected, and it was temporal coincident with an X-ray flare. Here we use two models to explain the optical flare, One is the "late internal shock model", in which the optical flare is produced by the synchrotron radiation of the electrons accelerated by the late internal shock, and the X-ray flare is produced by the synchrotron-self-Compton mechanism. The other is the external forward-reverse shock model, in which the optical flare is from the reverse shock emission and the X-ray flare is attributed to the central engine activity. We show that with proper parameters, a bright optical flare can appear in both models. We think the "late internal shock model" is more favored since in this model the optical flash and the X-ray flare have the same origin, which provides a natural explanation of the temporal coincidence of them. In the forward-reverse shock scenario, fits to the optical flare and the late afterglow suggests that the physical parameters of the reverse shock are much different from that of forward shock, as found in modeling the optical flash of GRB 990123 previously.

D. M. Wei; T. Yan; Y. Z. Fan

2005-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

329

High-Energy Gamma-Ray Emission From Solar Flares: Summary of Fermi LAT Detections and Analysis of Two M-Class Flares  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the detections of 19 solar flares detected in high-energy gamma rays (above 100 MeV) with the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) during its first four years of operation. Interestingly, all flares are associated with fairly fast Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) and are not all powerful X-ray flares. We then describe the detailed temporal, spatial and spectral characteristics of the first two long-lasting events: the 2011 March 7 flare, a moderate (M3.7) impulsive flare followed by slowly varying gamma-ray emission over 13 hours, and the 2011 June 7 M2.5 flare, which was followed by gamma-ray emission lasting for 2 hours. We compare the Fermi-LAT data with X-ray and proton data measurements from GOES and RHESSI. We argue that a hadronic origin of the gamma rays is more likely than a leptonic origin and find that the energy spectrum of the proton distribution softens after the 2011 March 7 flare, favoring a scenario with continuous acceleration at the flare site. This work suggests that proton acceleratio...

,

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

The turnover of grade "A" milk producers in the Texas production area of Federal Milk Marketing Order No. 43, October 1, 1951-July 31, 1954  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

)3. , The excellent cooperation of Ih, Bedford W, Bain, Harket Administratorx Federal Milk IIarketing Order IIo. 4$, Dallas, Texas, and of Miss Frances Powe11, Offioe of tne Market Administrator, made the collection of data for tIds thesis possible. Appreciation... produotion, in order from high to 1cmc sere Tarremt, Hopkins, Parker, Jobnsca, Denton, Dallas, Wise, Cook, Erath asd Grayson. The 10 losest pro&using oounties during November 1933, in order of losest to highest volume, were Bosque, Smith, Jaok, C...

Murphey, Joe Earl

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

331

Marketing Strategies in a Downturn Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in inventory, and with current regulatory treatment the price is difficult to raise. These unique problems, which are compounded in a declining economy, have caused utilities to abandon traditional marketing techniques and develop new strategies to cope... goods. To effectively sell electricity, automobiles, furniture or soap it is necessary to identify the market and its constituents needs, price the product at competitive levels, promote the product, sell the benefits, satisfy customer needs...

Williams, M.

332

© Marketing Edge Consulting Group and TargetGov Successful Marketing Tactics  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Marketing Edge Consulting Group and TargetGov Marketing Edge Consulting Group and TargetGov Successful Marketing Tactics for Government Contracts Beth Goldstein Gloria Berthold Larkin © Marketing Edge Consulting Group and TargetGov Beth Goldstein * President, Sales & Marketing Consultant * Entrepreneurship Educator * Author and Trainer on Small Business Growth 2 © Marketing Edge Consulting Group and TargetGov Gloria Berthold Larkin * President * Federal Business Development expert, recently quoted in the Wall Street Journal and TheStreet.com * -Author of The Basic Guide to Government Contracting: How to Build a Successful Business Selling Your Products and Services to the U.S. Federal Government 3 © Marketing Edge Consulting Group and TargetGov Today's Agenda ü Identifying

333

Production  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Algae production R&D focuses on exploring resource use and availability, algal biomass development and improvements, characterizing algal biomass components, and the ecology and engineering of...

334

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook - Petroleum Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Petroleum Market Module Petroleum Market Module Assumption to the Annual Energy Outlook Petroleum Market Module Figure 8. Petroleum Administration for Defense Districts. Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. The NEMS Petroleum Market Module (PMM) forecasts petroleum product prices and sources of supply for meeting petroleum product demand. The sources of supply include crude oil (both domestic and imported), petroleum product imports, other refinery inputs including alcohols, ethers, and bioesters natural gas plant liquids production, and refinery processing gain. In addition, the PMM estimates capacity expansion and fuel consumption of domestic refineries. The PMM contains a linear programming representation of U.S. refining

335

Creating Markets for Green Biofuels: Measuring and improving environmental performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

has three product markets, diesel, glycerol, and animaldiesel, and electricity, and all other transportation fuels. Creating Marketsmarket. Although biodiesel is typically compatible with existing diesel

Turner, Brian T.; Plevin, Richard J.; O'Hare, Michael; Farrell, Alexander E.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

MARKET SHARE INDICATES QUALITY AMIR BAN AND NATI LINIAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MARKET SHARE INDICATES QUALITY AMIR BAN AND NATI LINIAL Abstract. Market share and quality to the effect that higher market share indicates higher quality. Indeed, such an inference would need detailed quality. We investigate a model where customers are informed about their history with products and about

Linial, Nathan "Nati"

337

Analysis of the Russian Market for Building Energy Efficiency  

SciTech Connect

This report provides analysis of the Russian energy efficiency market for the building sector from the perspective of U.S. businesses interested in exporting relevant technologies, products and experience to Russia. We aim to help U.S. energy efficiency and environmental technologies businesses to better understand the Russian building market to plan their market strategy.

Lychuk, Taras; Evans, Meredydd; Halverson, Mark A.; Roshchanka, Volha

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Marketing policy for developing countries: the case for Uganda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the traditional system, an appropriate production and marketing policy needs to be put in place, if Uganda is going to compete in the international market. The problems inherent in the produce trade and the difficulty of finding export markets for some...

Bazaala, Nalumansi Mariam

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

339

Agriculture's Hold on the Commonwealth Food Marketing and Lumber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agriculture's Hold on the Commonwealth 43 Food Marketing and Lumber Processing in Massachusetts, University of Massachusetts Amherst #12;Food Marketing and Lumber Processing in Massachusetts, 1958 to1997 44 marketing chain) because processing is directly linked to primary production, the topic of our first white

Schweik, Charles M.

340

Advertising, Marketing & Public  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advertising, Marketing & Public Relations Careers & Employability Service www.mmu.ac.uk/careers/guides #12;08/12 2 Advertising, PR and Marketing Advertising, PR and Marketing in the North West require advertising, promotion and/or marketing specialists. Careers in Advertising, Promotion

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flared marketed production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Petroleum Marketing Monthly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Crude oil prices U.S. Energy Information Administration | Petroleum Marketing Monthly 3 December 2014...

342

MARKETING PORTFOLIO TESTIMONIAL*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MARKETING PORTFOLIO TESTIMONIAL* As a Business Marketing student at California State University Fullerton, I was required to submit a portfolio containing several marketing projects from my college career to spend some time in creating a portfolio that highlighted my marketing projects from various classes

de Lijser, Peter

343

Mjligheter och hinder fr aggregerad frbrukningsflexibilitet som en produkt p reglerkraftmarknaden; Aggregated demand response as a product on the regulation power market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Electricity production from renewable energy resources such as wind energy and photovoltaics is variable. Integration of these intermittent resources into the electricity system leads (more)

Sandwall, Josefin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

PROTRACTED LOW DOSE PHOTON AND SIMULATED SOLAR FLARE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PROTRACTED LOW DOSE PHOTON AND SIMULATED SOLAR FLARE PROTRACTED LOW DOSE PHOTON AND SIMULATED SOLAR FLARE PROTON EFFECTS ON CYTOKINE/CHEMOKINE EXPRESSION AFTER WHOLE-BODY IRRADIATION Asma Rizvi 2 , George Coutrakon 1 , James M. Slater 1 , Michael J. Pecaut 1,2 and Daila S. Gridley 1,2 Departments. of 1 Radiation Medicine and 2 Biochemistry & Microbiology Loma Linda University & Medical Center, Loma Linda, CA 92354 Astronauts are exposed to low dose/low dose rate radiation (LDR) and may also be acutely irradiated during a solar particle event (SPE). The biological effects of LDR alone and when combined with a solar particle event, are not yet clearly understood. Previous studies have shown that irradiation can have adverse effects on T cells. The reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are produced as a result of radiation can alter or damage the

345

SIMULATION OF DESCENDING MULTIPLE SUPRA-ARCADE RECONNECTION OUTFLOWS IN SOLAR FLARES  

SciTech Connect

After recent Atmospheric Imaging Assembly observations by Savage, McKenzie, and Reeves, we revisit the scenario proposed by us in previous papers. We have shown that sunward, generally dark plasma features that originated above posteruption flare arcades are consistent with a scenario where plasma voids (which we identify as supra-arcade reconnection outflows, SAROs) generate the bouncing and interfering of shocks and expansion waves upstream of an initial localized deposition of energy that is collimated in the magnetic field direction. In this paper, we analyze the multiple production and interaction of SAROs and their individual structures that make them relatively stable features while moving. We compare our results with observations and with the scenarios proposed by other authors.

Cecere, M.; Schneiter, M.; Costa, A.; Elaskar, S. [Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas (CONICET) (Argentina); Maglione, S. [Facultad de Ingenieria, Universidad Nacional de Rio Cuarto, Rio Cuarto, Cordoba (Argentina)

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

346

LPG recovery from refinery flare by waste heat powered absorption refrigeration  

SciTech Connect

A waste heat powered ammonia Absorption Refrigeration Unit (ARU) has commenced operation at the Colorado Refining Company in Commerce City, Colorado. The ARU provides 85 tons of refrigeration at 30 F to refrigerate the net gas/treat gas stream, thereby recovering 65,000 barrels per year of LPG which formerly was flared or burned as fuel. The ARU is powered by the 290 F waste heat content of the reform reactor effluent. An additional 180 tons of refrigeration is available at the ARU to debottleneck the FCC plant wet gas compressors by cooling their inlet vapor. The ARU is directly integrated into the refinery processes, and uses enhanced, highly compact heat and mass exchange components. The refinery's investment will pay back in less than two years from increased recovery of salable product, and CO{sub 2} emissions are decreased by 10,000 tons per year in the Denver area.

Erickson, D.C.; Kelly, F.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Viral marketing for dedicated customers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Viral marketing has attracted considerable concerns in recent years due to its novel idea of leveraging the social network to propagate the awareness of products. Specifically, viral marketing first targets a limited number of users (seeds) in the social network by providing incentives, and these targeted users would then initiate the process of awareness spread by propagating the information to their friends via their social relationships. Extensive studies have been conducted for maximizing the awareness spread given the number of seeds (the Influence Maximization problem). However, all of them fail to consider the common scenario of viral marketing where companies hope to use as few seeds as possible yet influencing at least a certain number of users. In this paper, we propose a new problem, called J-MIN-Seed, whose objective is to minimize the number of seeds while at least J users are influenced. J-MIN-Seed, unfortunately, is NP-hard. Therefore, we develop an approximate algorithm which can provide error guarantees for J-MIN-Seed. We also observe that all existing studies on viral marketing assume that all users in the social network are of interest for the product being promoted (i.e., all users are potential consumers of the product), which, however, is not always true. Motivated by this phenomenon, we propose a new paradigm of viral marketing where the company can specify which types of users in the social network are of interest when promoting a specific product. Under this new paradigm, we re-define our J-MIN-Seed problem as well as the Influence Maximization problem and design some algorithms with provable error guarantees for the new problems. We conducted extensive experiments on real social networks which verified the effectiveness of our algorithms.

Cheng Long; Raymond Chi-Wing Wong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Statistical Analyses of the Geographic Market Delineation with an Application to the U.S. Natural Gas Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integration L11: Production, Pricing, and Market Structure Q40: Energy: General #12;1 Under current federalStatistical Analyses of the Geographic Market Delineation with an Application to the U.S. Natural Gas Markets John T. Cuddington and Zhongmin Wang gas_survey(12.21.99).wpd * Georgetown University

349

New England Wind Forum: Markets  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Markets Markets Selling Wind Power Wind generators interconnected directly to the transmission or distribution grid, or sized in excess of the load of a host end-user, interact with either well-developed or developing markets for the products produced by wind generators: electricity and generation attributes. Buying Wind Power Individuals, companies, institutions, and governments throughout New England have a number of opportunities to buying wind power or support the development of wind power. The links below take you to information on opportunities and guidance for buying wind power in New England. Motivations for Buying Wind Power Buying Wind Power Resources and Tools for Large Energy Users Printable Version Skip footer navigation to end of page. New England Wind Forum Home | Wind Program Home | EERE Home | U.S. Department of Energy

350

Global Energetics of Solar Flares: I. Magnetic Energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the first part of a project on the global energetics of solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs) that includes about 400 M- and X-class flares observed with AIA and HMI onboard SDO. We calculate the potential energy, free energy, and the flare-dissipated magnetic energy. We calculate these magnetic parameters using two different NLFFF codes: The COR-NLFFF code uses the line-of-sight magnetic field component $B_z$ from HMI to define the potential field, and the 2D coordinates of automatically detected coronal loops in 6 coronal wavelengths from AIA to measure the helical twist of coronal loops caused by vertical currents, while the PHOT-NLFFF code extrapolates the photospheric 3D vector fields. We find agreement between the two codes in the measurement of free energies and dissipated energies within a factor of $ \\approx 3$. The size distributions of magnetic parameters exhibit powerlaw slopes that are approximately consistent with the fractal-diffusive self-organized criticality model. The ma...

Aschwanden, Markus J; Jing, Ju

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Can we explain non-typical solar flares?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We used multi-wavelength high-resolution data from ARIES, THEMIS, and SDO instruments, to analyze a non-standard, C3.3 class flare produced within the active region NOAA 11589 on 2012 October 16. Magnetic flux emergence and cancellation were continuously detected within the active region, the latter leading to the formation of two filaments. Our aim is to identify the origins of the flare taking into account the complex dynamics of its close surroundings. We analyzed the magnetic topology of the active region using a linear force-free field extrapolation to derive its 3D magnetic configuration and the location of quasi-separatrix layers (QSLs) which are preferential sites for flaring activity. Because the active region's magnetic field was nonlinear force-free, we completed a parametric study using different linear force-free field extrapolations to demonstrate the robustness of the derived QSLs. The topological analysis shows that the active region presented a complex magnetic configuration comprising severa...

Dalmasse, K; Schmieder, B; Aulanier, G

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Seismic Emissions from a Highly Impulsive M6.7 Solar Flare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On 10 March 2001 the active region NOAA 9368 produced an unusually impulsive solar flare in close proximity to the solar limb. This flare has previously been studied in great detail, with observations classifying it as a type 1 white-light flare with a very hard spectrum in hard X-rays. The flare was also associated with a type II radio burst and coronal mass ejection. The flare emission characteristics appeared to closely correspond with previous instances of seismic emission from acoustically active flares. Using standard local helioseismic methods, we identified the seismic signatures produced by the flare that, to date, is the least energetic (in soft X-rays) of the flares known to have generated a detectable acoustic transient. Holographic analysis of the flare shows a compact acoustic source strongly correlated with the impulsive hard X-ray, visible continuum, and radio emission. Time-distance diagrams of the seismic waves emanating from the flare region also show faint signatures, mainly in the eastern sector of the active region. The strong spatial coincidence between the seismic source and the impulsive visible continuum emission reinforces the theory that a substantial component of the seismic emission seen is a result of sudden heating of the low photosphere associated with the observed visible continuum emission. Furthermore, the low-altitude magnetic loop structure inferred from potential--field extrapolations in the flaring region suggests that there is a significant inverse correlation between the seismicity of a flare and the height of the magnetic loops that conduct the particle beams from the corona.

J. C. Martinez-Oliveros; H. Moradi; A-C. Donea

2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

353

Petroleum marketing monthly, November 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane.

Not Available

1994-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

354

Petroleum marketing monthly, December 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane.

Not Available

1994-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

355

Production  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Algae production R&D focuses on exploring resource use and availability, algal biomass development and improvements, characterizing algal biomass components, and the ecology and engineering of cultivation systems.

356

MEASUREMENTS OF THE CORONAL ACCELERATION REGION OF A SOLAR FLARE  

SciTech Connect

The Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI) and the Nobeyama Radioheliograph (NoRH) are used to investigate coronal hard X-ray and microwave emissions in the partially disk-occulted solar flare of 2007 December 31. The STEREO mission provides EUV images of the flare site at different viewing angles, establishing a two-ribbon flare geometry and occultation heights of the RHESSI and NoRH observations of {approx}16 Mm and {approx}25 Mm, respectively. Despite the occultation, intense hard X-ray emission up to {approx}80 keV occurs during the impulsive phase from a coronal source that is also seen in microwaves. The hard X-ray and microwave source during the impulsive phase is located {approx}6 Mm above thermal flare loops seen later at the soft X-ray peak time, similar in location to the above-the-loop-top source in the Masuda flare. A single non-thermal electron population with a power-law distribution (with spectral index of {approx}3.7 from {approx}16 keV up to the MeV range) radiating in both bremsstrahlung and gyrosynchrotron emission can explain the observed hard X-ray and microwave spectrum, respectively. This clearly establishes the non-thermal nature of the above-the-loop-top source. The large hard X-ray intensity requires a very large number (>5 x 10{sup 35} above 16 keV for the derived upper limit of the ambient density of {approx}8 x 10{sup 9} cm{sup -3}) of suprathermal electrons to be present in this above-the-loop-top source. This is of the same order of magnitude as the number of ambient thermal electrons. We show that collisional losses of these accelerated electrons would heat all ambient electrons to superhot temperatures (tens of keV) within seconds. Hence, the standard scenario, with hard X-rays produced by a beam comprising the tail of a dominant thermal core plasma, does not work. Instead, all electrons in the above-the-loop-top source seem to be accelerated, suggesting that the above-the-loop-top source is itself the electron acceleration region.

Krucker, Saem; Hudson, H. S.; Glesener, L.; Lin, R. P. [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-7450 (United States); White, S. M. [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Masuda, S. [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8601 (Japan); Wuelser, J.-P., E-mail: krucker@ssl.berkeley.ed [Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, Lockheed Martin ATC, 3251 Hanover Street, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States)

2010-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

357

Challenge # 1. Feedstock & Production  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Target Market 2. Temporal Supply of Biomass 3. Feedstock Conditioning 4. Utilities & Resources Challenge 1. Feedstock & Production Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy...

358

C:\\ANNUAL\\Vol2chps.v8\\HIST2B.VP  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Extraction Loss Dry Production From Gas Wells From Oil Wells Total Energy Information Administration Historical Natural Gas...

359

2009 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind Technologies Market Report References Acker, T. 2007.Industry Annual Market Report: Year Ending 2009. Washington,AWEA Mid-Year 2010 Market Report. Washington, DC: American

Wiser, Ryan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

2012 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Colorado: Xcel Energy. 2012 Wind Technologies Market ReportDistributed Wind Market Report. PNNL- SA-94583. Washington,2013. 2012 State of the Market Report for PJM. Norristown,

Wiser, Ryan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flared marketed production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

2012 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Colorado: Xcel Energy. 2012 Wind Technologies Market ReportOperator. 2012 Wind Technologies Market Report Chadbourne &Power Company. 2012 Wind Technologies Market Report EnerNex

Wiser, Ryan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

2012 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

study. Regions with fast energy markets, for example, mightdevelopment of an Energy Imbalance Market that would beginreal-time energy imbalance market providing centralized,

Wiser, Ryan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

study. Regions with fast energy markets, for example, changeis set aside in one energy market interval is then releasedto be dispatched in a later energy market interval, whereas

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Intellectual Property for Market Innovation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rents Market Innovation Parameter Gross social benefit Lowour model. Market Innovation Figure 6: Social benefit whererights for market innovations can increase social welfare by

Duffy, John F; Abramawitz, Micheal

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

X-ray flaring from the young stars in CygnusOB2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aims: We characterize individual and ensemble properties of X-ray flares from stars in the CygOB2 and ONC star-forming regions. Method: We analyzed X-ray lightcurves of 1003 CygOB2 sources observed with Chandra for 100 ksec and of 1616 ONC sources detected in the ``Chandra Orion Ultra-deep Project'' 850 ksec observation. We employed a binning-free maximum likelihood method to segment the light-curves into intervals of constants signal and identified flares on the basis of both the amplitude and the time-derivative of the source luminosity. We then derived and compared the flare frequency and energy distribution of CygOB2 and ONC sources. The effect of the length of the observation on these results was investigated by repeating the statistical analysis on five 100 ksec-long segments extracted from the ONC data. Results: We detected 147 and 954 flares from the CygOB2 and ONC sources, respectively. The flares in CygOB2 have decay times ranging from ~0.5 to about 10 hours. The flare energy distributions of all considered flare samples are described at high energies well by a power law with index alpha=-(2.1+-0.1). At low energies, the distributions flatten, probably because of detection incompleteness. We derived average flare frequencies as a function of flare energy. The flare frequency is seen to depend on the source's intrinsic X-ray luminosity, but its determination is affected by the length of the observation. The slope of the high-energy tail of the energy distribution is, however, affected little. A comparison of CygOB2 and ONC sources, accounting for observational biases, shows that the two populations, known to have similar X-ray emission levels, have very similar flare activity.

J. F. Albacete Colombo; M. Caramazza; E. Flaccomio; G. Micela; S. Sciortino

2007-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

366

Platform Markets and Energy Services  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2010). Residential and commercial end-users are starting to be informed of their real-time costs, consumption patterns, and of the origin of their electricity. The partial self-supply of household users from solar panels and combined heat and power... to the development of one or multiple platform markets. Household consumers are expected to take a more active role and become producers, such as through selling small-scale photovoltaic energy production or participating in demand response contracts (UK...

Weiller, Claire M.; Pollitt, Michael G.

2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

367

From the flea market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is about marketplaces in general, and one flea market in particular. It explores some of the physical potentials the market has for generating a building and some of the social implications of a controversy ...

Krasnow, Ariel Rebecca

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Marketing alternative fueled automobiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marketing alternative fueled vehicles is a difficult challenge for automakers. The foundation of the market, the terms of competition, and the customer segments involved are still being defined. But automakers can draw ...

Zheng, Alex (Yi Alexis)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Essays in incomplete markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis studies the macroeconomics of incomplete markets. Chapter 1 studies the effects of capital taxation in a dynamic heterogeneous-agent economy with uninsurable entrepreneurial risk. Unlike either the complete-markets ...

Panousi, Vasia

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Accelerating time-to-market in the global electronics industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In today's electronics industry, fast time-to-market (TTM) and time-to-profit (TTP) is key to customer satisfaction and firm competitiveness. Optimizing the product development and new product introduction (NPI) process ...

Folgo, Elena Jean

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

The dynamics of commodity spot and futures markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I discuss the short-run dynamics of commodity prices, production, and inventories, as well as the sources and effects of market volatility. I explain how prices, rates of production, and inventory levels are interrelated, ...

Pindyck, Robert S.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Modern Wood Energy Systems and Markets 16-17 September 2008, Timisoara, Romania  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modern Wood Energy Systems and Markets 16-17 September 2008, Timisoara, Romania International Wood Energy Market Developments Ed Pepke Forest Products Marketing Specialist UNECE/FAO Timber Section, Geneva #12;Modern Wood Energy Systems and Markets 16-17 September 2008, Timisoara, Romania Subjects I

373

Marketing Science 2000 INFORMS Vol. 19, No. 1, Winter 2000, pp. 6382  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marketing Science 2000 INFORMS Vol. 19, No. 1, Winter 2000, pp. 63­82 0732 to profitably enter a new market and dislodge an incumbent who does not bun- dle, capturing most of the market potentially capture a large share of profits in new markets, single-product firms may have lower incentives

374

Combined heat and power has the potential to significantly increase energy production efficiency and thus reduce greenhouse gas emissions, however current market penetration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Combined heat and power has the potential to significantly increase energy production efficiency that California will not reach the targets for combined heat and power set for it by the Air Resources Board (ARB of combined heat and power into the new ARB Emissions Cap and Trade scheme. This potential failure would

Kammen, Daniel M.

375

Residential Marketing Toolkit  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Showerheads Residential Weatherization Performance Tested Comfort Systems Ductless Heat Pumps New Construction Residential Marketing Toolkit Retail Sales Allocation Tool...

376

NREL: Jobs and Economic Competitiveness - Comparative Advantage Market  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Comparative Advantage Market Analysis Comparative Advantage Market Analysis The market for solar energy technologies continues to grow (48% compound annual growth rate [CAGR] from 1999-2008). Globalization of these markets has advanced the industry by accelerating performance improvements and reducing product costs through increased competition. NREL's comparative advantage market analysis is focused on understanding the key US export opportunities in the solar energy technologies global market, the US competitive advantages in this market and what US policies can best support/facilitate increased exports. NREL's comparative advantages market analysis studies show that: The US was a net exporter of solar technologies in 2010 and, as an innovation leader in this area, is well positioned for future export

377

NREL-Solar Technologies Market Report | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NREL-Solar Technologies Market Report NREL-Solar Technologies Market Report Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: NREL-Solar Technologies Market Report Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Solar Topics: Market analysis, Technology characterizations Website: www.nrel.gov/analysis/pdfs/46025.pdf NREL-Solar Technologies Market Report Screenshot References: NREL Solar Tech Market Report[1] Logo: NREL-Solar Technologies Market Report "The focus of this report is the U.S. solar electricity market, including photovoltaic (PV) and concentrating solar power (CSP) technologies. The report is organized into five chapters. Chapter 1 provides an overview of global and U.S. installation trends. Chapter 2 presents production and shipment data, material and supply chain issues, and solar industry

378

Bloomberg New Energy Finance Carbon Markets formerly New Energy Finance  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

formerly New Energy Finance formerly New Energy Finance Carbon Markets Group Jump to: navigation, search Name Bloomberg New Energy Finance Carbon Markets (formerly New Energy Finance Carbon Markets Group) Place London, United Kingdom Zip EC2A 1PQ Sector Carbon, Services Product London-based carbon markets division of New Energy Finance which provides analysis, price forecasting, consultancy and risk management services relating to carbon. References Bloomberg New Energy Finance Carbon Markets (formerly New Energy Finance Carbon Markets Group)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Bloomberg New Energy Finance Carbon Markets (formerly New Energy Finance Carbon Markets Group) is a company located in London, United Kingdom .

379

Coal News and Markets - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Coal News and Markets Coal News and Markets Release Date: December 16, 2013 | Next Release Date: December 24, 2013 "Coal News and Markets Report" summarizes spot coal prices by coal commodity regions (i.e., Central Appalachia (CAPP), Northern Appalachia (NAPP), Illinois Basin (ILB), Powder River Basin (PRB), and Uinta Basin (UIB)) in the United States. The report includes data on average weekly coal commodity spot prices, total monthly coal production, eastern monthly coal production, electric power sector coal stocks, and average cost of metallurgical coal at coke plants and export docks. The historical data for coal commodity spot market prices are proprietary and not available for public release. Average weekly coal commodity spot prices (dollars per short ton)

380

International Energy Outlook 2001 - World Oil Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

World Oil Markets World Oil Markets picture of a printer Printer Friendly Version (PDF) In the IEO2001 forecast, periodic production adjustments by OPEC members are not expected to have a significant long-term impact on world oil markets. Prices are projected to rise gradually through 2020 as the oil resource base is expanded. Crude oil prices remained above $25 per barrel in nominal terms for most of 2000 and have been near $30 per barrel in the early months of 2001. Prices were influenced by the disciplined adherence to announced cutbacks in production by members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). OPEC’s successful market management strategy was an attempt to avoid a repeat of the ultra-low oil price environment of 1998 and early 1999. Three additional factors contributed to the resiliency of oil prices in

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flared marketed production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Advertising, Marketing & Public  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advertising, Marketing & Public Relations www.twitter.com/mmu_careers www.facebook.com/CareersMMU Careers & Employability Service www.mmu.ac.uk/careers/guides #12;03/13 HAD 2 Advertising, PR and Marketing Advertising, PR and Marketing in the North West Opportunities exist in specialist agencies, as well

382

Understanding for Grain Marketing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding for Grain Marketing Commodity Futures and Options CIS1089 The Authors: L.D. MakusContracts A futures contract is a standard- ized contract that is traded on a futures market exchange. The contract. This bulletin presents some marketing tools to help producers recognize the sources of price risk

O'Laughlin, Jay

383

Integrated Marketing Communications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Tupelo Integrated Marketing Communications degree program NEW! AVAILABLE FALL 2011 If you are interested in a career in advertising, public relations, sales promotion, or marketing communications, this degree program can prepare you for the numerous facets of a marketing career in the 21st century. e

Elsherbeni, Atef Z.

384

The Marketing Concentration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Marketing Concentration The Manning School of Business www.uml.edu/management Who We Are, management, management information systems, marketing and supply chain and operations management we provide education possible." -- Andy Hwang Marketing Major "I chose UMass Lowell because of its high level

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

385

Marketing Intelligence Spring 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- 1 - Marketing Intelligence Syllabus Spring 2009 #12;- 2 - Course Description: The practice of marketing is changing. Due to increasing desktop computing power and companies amassing massive amounts of data, marketing decisions made by companies are becoming more and more data based. This holds in many

Jank, Wolfgang

386

MARKET PROSPECTUS & TRADER'S MANUAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MARKET PROSPECTUS & TRADER'S MANUAL For the 40th Canadian Federal Election 2008 Directors: THOMAS on a computerized market. All invested funds and cash deposits will be repaid to registered participants after the close of the market, however individual traders may make or lose money depending on how well

Michelson, David G.

387

A characterization of the nonresidential fenestration market  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to characterize the nonresidential fenestration market in order to better understand market barriers to, and opportunities for, energy-efficient fenestration products. In particular, the goal is to: (1) Better understand how glazing products flow between industry groups. (2) Identify major decision makers directing the product flow. (3) Understand industry trends for certain technologies or products. (4) Characterize the role of energy codes and standards in influencing industry trends. (5) Assess the impact of product testing and certification programs on the industry. The U.S. glass industry is a $27 billion enterprise with both large producers and small firms playing pivotal roles in the industry. While most sectors of the glass industry have restructured and consolidated in the past 20 years, the industry still employs 150,000 workers. Nonresidential glazing accounts for approximately 18% of overall U.S. glass production. In 1999, nonresidential glazing was supplied to approximately 2.2 billion ft{sup 2} of new construction and additions. That same year, nonresidential glazing was also supplied to approximately 1.1 billion ft{sup 2} of remodeling construction. With an industry this large and complex, it is to be expected that many market participants can influence fenestration selection. If market barriers to the selection of high performance fenestration products are better understood, then the U. S. Department of Energy (USDOE), the Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance (NEEA), and others can develop programs and policies that promote greater energy efficiency in commercial glazing products.

Shehabi, Arman; Eley, Charles; Arasteh, Dariush; Degens, Phil

2002-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

388

NEUTRON AND ELECTROMAGNETIC EMISSIONS DURING THE 1990 MAY 24 SOLAR FLARE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NEUTRON AND ELECTROMAGNETIC EMISSIONS DURING THE 1990 MAY 24 SOLAR FLARE L. G. KOCHAROV,* JEONGWOO revised form 15 July, 1994) Abstract. In this paper, we are primarilyconcerned with the solar neutron emission during the 1990 May 24 flare, utilizing the counting rate of the Climax neutron monitor

Usoskin, Ilya G.

389

Regularized reconstruction of the differential emission measure from solar flare hard X-ray spectra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regularized reconstruction of the differential emission measure from solar flare hard X-ray spectra for solar flare hard X-rays, it is currently unclear whether the electron distribution responsible between (T) and J( ). However, in the last years, two issues have made this inversion problem more

Piana, Michele

390

Particle acceleration and radiation by direct electric fields in flaring complex solar active regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to connect the energy re- lease process with the acceleration of electrons in solar flares, using a CA modelParticle acceleration and radiation by direct electric fields in flaring complex solar active-Meudon, 92195 Meudon Cedex, FRANCE Abstract The acceleration and radiation of solar energetic particles

Anastasiadis, Anastasios

391

FLARE HEATING IN STELLAR CORONAE Vinay L. Kashyap and Jeremy J. Drake  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138; vkashyap@cfa.harvard.edu, jdrake¨renlingen and Villigen, 5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland; guedel@astro.phys.ethz.ch, audard@astro.phys.ethz.ch Received to flares that are increasingly less energetic but are more numerous. Previous analyses of flares in light

Audard, Marc

392

Near-infrared flares from accreting gas around the supermassive black hole at the Galactic Centre  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... . The infrared flares all originated from within a few milliarcseconds, or a few hundred Schwarzschild radii, of the black-hole position (Table 1). That position was determined from ... the infrared flares originate in the innermost accretion zone, on a scale less than ten Schwarzschild radii (the light travel time across the ...

R. Genzel; R. Schdel; T. Ott; A. Eckart; T. Alexander; F. Lacombe; D. Rouan; B. Aschenbach

2003-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

393

A SOLAR FLARE MODEL IN BETWEEN MHD AND CELLULAR AUTOMATON* Heinz Isliker1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and still unresolved problems in solar physics is the nature of energy release in the solar atmosphere) and the reproduction of the observed solar flare statistics. On the other hand the energy release process has been, complementary approaches (CA and MHD) for the solar flare problem. * In The Proceedings of 4th Astronomical

Anastasiadis, Anastasios

394

White-light flares: A TRACE/RHESSI overview H. S. Hudson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

White-light flares: A TRACE/RHESSI overview H. S. Hudson Space Sciences Laboratory, University includes a "white light" imaging capability with novel characteristics. Many flares with such white. The spectral response of the TRACE white-light passband extends into the UV, so these data capture

Hudson, Hugh

395

Alaska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Gross Withdrawals 3,479,290 3,415,884 3,312,386 3,197,100 3,162,922 3,164,791 1967-2012 From Gas Wells 165,624 150,483 137,639 127,417 112,268 107,873 1967-2012 From Oil Wells 3,313,666 3,265,401 3,174,747 3,069,683 3,050,654 3,056,918 1967-2012 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2002-2012 Repressuring 3,039,347 3,007,418 2,908,828 2,812,701 2,795,732 2,801,763 1967-2012 Vented and Flared 6,458 10,023 6,481 10,173 10,966 11,769 1967-2012 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed 0 0 0 0 0 0 1996-2012 Marketed Production 433,485 398,442 397,077 374,226 356,225 351,259 1967-2012

396

Flare Noise Reduction Exxon Chemical- Baytown Olefins Plant: 1994 CMA Energy Efficiency Award for "Flare Noise Reduction" in the category of "Public Outreach/Plant Site"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

frequency noise that resembles the sound of a jet plane passing overhead. To supplement the qualitative data received from the community, quantitative noise data was collected at various flaring conditions, wind conditions, and steam rates. Additional...

Bradham, S.; Stephan, R.

397

Extreme Ultra-Violet Spectroscopy of the Flaring Solar Chromosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The extreme ultraviolet portion of the solar spectrum contains a wealth of diagnostic tools for probing the lower solar atmosphere in response to an injection of energy, particularly during the impulsive phase of solar flares. These include temperature and density sensitive line ratios, Doppler shifted emission lines and nonthermal broadening, abundance measurements, differential emission measure profiles, and continuum temperatures and energetics, among others. In this paper I shall review some of the advances made in recent years using these techniques, focusing primarily on studies that have utilized data from Hinode/EIS and SDO/EVE, while also providing some historical background and a summary of future spectroscopic instrumentation.

Milligan, Ryan O

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

MARKETING COURSES Student Learning Outcomes1 MKT 370: Marketing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MARKETING COURSES ­ Student Learning Outcomes1 MKT 370: Marketing At the end of this course students should be able to: 1. Define and apply knowledge of the following key marketing concepts: · the marketing concept · market segmentation · target marketing · positioning · branding · buying behavior

Ponce, V. Miguel

399

2008 Solar Technologies Market Report: January 2010  

SciTech Connect

This report focuses on the U.S. solar electricity market, including photovoltaic (PV) and concentrating solar power (CSP) technologies. The report provides an overview of global and U.S. installation trends. It also presents production and shipment data, material and supply chain issues, and solar industry employment trends. It also presents cost, price, and performance trends; and discusses policy and market drivers such as recently passed federal legislation, state and local policies, and developments in project financing. The final chapter provides data on private investment trends and near-term market forecasts.

Not Available

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Optimizing Profits from Hydroelectricity Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimizing Profits from Hydroelectricity Production Daniel De Ladurantaye Michel Gendreau Jean the profits obtained by the stochastic model. Keywords: Hydroelectricity, electricity market, prices, dams countries deregulate their electricity market, new challenges appear for hydroelectricity producers

Potvin, Jean-Yves

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flared marketed production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EXTREME ULTRAVIOLET NON-THERMAL LINE BROADENING AND HIGH-ENERGY PARTICLES DURING SOLAR FLARES  

SciTech Connect

We have studied the relationship between the location of EUV non-thermal broadening and high-energy particles during large flares using the EUV Imaging Spectrometer on board Hinode, the Nobeyama Radio Polarimeter, the Nobeyama Radioheliograph, and the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly on board the Solar Dynamic Observatory. We have analyzed five large flare events that contain thermal-rich, intermediate, and thermal-poor flares classified by the definition discussed in the paper. We found that, in the case of thermal-rich flares, the non-thermal broadening of Fe XXIV occurred at the top of the flaring loop at the beginning of the flares. The source of 17 GHz microwaves is located at the footpoint of the flare loop. On the other hand, in the case of intermediate/thermal-poor flares, the non-thermal broadening of Fe XXIV occurred at the footpoint of the flare loop at the beginning of the flares. The source of 17 GHz microwaves is located at the top of the flaring loop. We discussed the difference between thermal-rich and intermediate/thermal-poor flares based on the spatial information of non-thermal broadening, which may provide clues that the presence of turbulence plays an important role in the pitch angle scattering of high-energy electrons.

Kawate, T. [Kwasan and Hida Observatory, Kyoto University, Kurabashira, Kamitakaracho, Takayama, Gifu 506-1314 (Japan); Imada, S. [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Technology-to-Market Portfolio  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

BTOs Technology-to-Market (T2M) team drives high impact technologies from R&D to market readiness, preparing these technologies for real building demonstration, market deployment, and ultimately mass-market adoption.

403

Konus-Wind and Helicon-Coronas-F Observations of Solar Flares  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Results of solar flare observations obtained in the Konus-Wind experiment from November, 1994 to December, 2013 and in the Helicon Coronas-F experiment during its operation from 2001 to 2005, are presented. For the periods indicated Konus-Wind detected in the trigger mode 834 solar flares, and Helicon-Coronas-F detected more than 300 solar flares. A description of the instruments and data processing techniques are given. As an example, the analysis of the spectral evolution of the flares SOL2012-11-08T02:19 (M 1.7) and SOL2002-03-10T01:34 (C5.1) is made with the Konus-Wind data and the flare SOL2003-10-26T06:11 (X1.2) is analyzed in the 2.223 MeV deuterium line with the Helicon-Coronas-F data.

Pal'shin, V D; Aptekar, R L; Golenetskii, S V; Kokomov, A A; Svinkin, D S; Sokolova, Z Ya; Ulanov, M V; Frederiks, D D; Tsvetkova, A E

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

PLASMA HEATING IN THE VERY EARLY AND DECAY PHASES OF SOLAR FLARES  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we analyze the energy budgets of two single-loop solar flares under the assumption that non-thermal electrons (NTEs) are the only source of plasma heating during all phases of both events. The flares were observed by RHESSI and GOES on 2002 September 20 and 2002 March 17, respectively. For both investigated flares we derived the energy fluxes contained in NTE beams from the RHESSI observational data constrained by observed GOES light curves. We showed that energy delivered by NTEs was fully sufficient to fulfill the energy budgets of the plasma during the pre-heating and impulsive phases of both flares as well as during the decay phase of one of them. We concluded that in the case of the investigated flares there was no need to use any additional ad hoc heating mechanisms other than heating by NTEs.

Falewicz, R.; Rudawy, P. [Astronomical Institute, University of Wroclaw, 51-622 Wroclaw, ul. Kopernika 11 (Poland); Siarkowski, M., E-mail: falewicz@astro.uni.wroc.pl, E-mail: rudawy@astro.uni.wroc.pl, E-mail: ms@cbk.pan.wroc.pl [Space Research Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences, 51-622 Wroclaw, ul. Kopernika 11 (Poland)

2011-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

405

Multi-TeV flaring from blazars: Markarian 421 a case study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The TeV blazar Markarian 421 underwent multi-TeV flaring during April 2004 and simultaneously observed in x-ray and TeV energies. It was observed that the TeV outbursts had no counterparts in the lower energies, which implies that this might be an orphan flare. In the context of hadronic model, we have shown that this multi-TeV flaring can be produced due to the interaction of Fermi-accelerated protons of energy $\\lesssim 168$ TeV with the background photons in the low energy tail of the synchrotron self-Compton spectrum of the blazar jet. We fit very well the flaring spectrum with this model. Based on this study, we speculate that Mrk 501 and PG 1553+113 are possible candidates for orphan flaring in the future.

Sahu, Sarira; Rajpoot, Subhash

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Petroleum marketing monthly, May 1992  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiner`s acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1992-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

407

Petroleum marketing monthly, August 1992  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o. b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1992-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

408

Petroleum marketing monthly, July 1992  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquistion cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1992-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

409

Petroleum marketing monthly, February 1992  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to given information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publications provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum product sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1992-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

410

Petroleum marketing monthly, April 1992  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1992-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

411

Petroleum marketing monthly, June 1992  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1992-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

412

Petroleum marketing monthly, January 1992  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1992-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

413

Quasi-periodic pulsations in solar and stellar flares: re-evaluating their nature in the context of power-law flare Fourier spectra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The nature of quasi-periodic pulsations in solar and stellar flares remains debated. Recent work has shown that power-law-like Fourier power spectra, also referred to as 'red' noise processes, are an intrinsic property of solar and stellar flare signals, a property that many previous studies of this phenomenon have not accounted for. Hence a re-evaluation of the existing interpretations and assumptions regarding QPP is needed. Here we adopt a Bayesian method for investigating this phenomenon, fully considering the Fourier power law properties of flare signals. Using data from the PROBA2/LYRA, Fermi/GBM, Nobeyama Radioheliograph and Yohkoh/HXT instruments, we study a selection of flares from the literature identified as QPP events. Additionally we examine optical data from a recent stellar flare that appears to exhibit oscillatory properties. We find that, for all but one event tested, an explicit oscillation is not required in order to explain the observations. Instead, the flare signals are adequately descri...

Inglis, A R; Dominique, M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

RAPID TeV GAMMA-RAY FLARING OF BL LACERTAE  

SciTech Connect

We report on the detection of a very rapid TeV gamma-ray flare from BL Lacertae on 2011 June 28 with the Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System (VERITAS). The flaring activity was observed during a 34.6 minute exposure, when the integral flux above 200 GeV reached (3.4 {+-} 0.6) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -6} photons m{sup -2} s{sup -1}, roughly 125% of the Crab Nebula flux measured by VERITAS. The light curve indicates that the observations missed the rising phase of the flare but covered a significant portion of the decaying phase. The exponential decay time was determined to be 13 {+-} 4 minutes, making it one of the most rapid gamma-ray flares seen from a TeV blazar. The gamma-ray spectrum of BL Lacertae during the flare was soft, with a photon index of 3.6 {+-} 0.4, which is in agreement with the measurement made previously by MAGIC in a lower flaring state. Contemporaneous radio observations of the source with the Very Long Baseline Array revealed the emergence of a new, superluminal component from the core around the time of the TeV gamma-ray flare, accompanied by changes in the optical polarization angle. Changes in flux also appear to have occurred at optical, UV, and GeV gamma-ray wavelengths at the time of the flare, although they are difficult to quantify precisely due to sparse coverage. A strong flare was seen at radio wavelengths roughly four months later, which might be related to the gamma-ray flaring activities. We discuss the implications of these multiwavelength results.

Arlen, T. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Aune, T.; Bouvier, A. [Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics and Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)] [Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics and Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Beilicke, M.; Buckley, J. H.; Bugaev, V.; Dickherber, R. [Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130 (United States); Benbow, W. [Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Amado, AZ 85645 (United States)] [Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Amado, AZ 85645 (United States); Cesarini, A.; Connolly, M. P. [School of Physics, National University of Ireland Galway, University Road, Galway (Ireland)] [School of Physics, National University of Ireland Galway, University Road, Galway (Ireland); Ciupik, L. [Astronomy Department, Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Chicago, IL 60605 (United States)] [Astronomy Department, Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Chicago, IL 60605 (United States); Cui, W.; Feng, Q.; Finley, J. P. [Department of Physics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States); Dumm, J.; Fortson, L. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States)] [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States); Errando, M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Barnard College, Columbia University, NY 10027 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Barnard College, Columbia University, NY 10027 (United States); Falcone, A. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Lab, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Lab, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Federici, S. [DESY, Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen (Germany)] [DESY, Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen (Germany); Finnegan, G., E-mail: qfeng@purdue.edu, E-mail: cui@purdue.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 (United States); Collaboration: VERITAS Collaboration; and others

2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

415

Communication impacting financial markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Behavioral finance has become an increasingly important subfield of finance. However the main parts of behavioral finance, prospect theory included, understand financial markets through individual investment behavior. Behavioral finance thereby ignores any interaction between participants. We introduce a socio-financial model that studies the impact of communication on the pricing in financial markets. Considering the simplest possible case where each market participant has either a positive (bullish) or negative (bearish) sentiment with respect to the market, we model the evolution of the sentiment in the population due to communication in subgroups of different sizes. Nonlinear feedback effects between the market performance and changes in sentiments are taking into account by assuming that the market performance is dependent on changes in sentiments (e.g. a large sudden positive change in bullishness would lead to more buying). The market performance in turn has an impact on the sentiment through the trans...

Andersen, Jorgen Vitting; Dellaportas, Petros; Galam, Serge

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Entrepreneurial marketing: moving beyond marketing in new ventures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper discusses an alternative conceptualisation of entrepreneurial marketing that can be understood as 'marketing with an entrepreneurial mindset'. By combining the definition of marketing of the American Marketing Association (AMA) and two conceptualisations of entrepreneurship (entrepreneurial orientation and entrepreneurial management), we arrive at a definition of entrepreneurial marketing as the organisational function of marketing by taking into account innovativeness, risk taking, pro-activeness and the pursuit of opportunities without regard for the resources currently controlled. This definition must not be restricted to young and small ventures, but can equally be applied to larger firms. We illustrate the concept of entrepreneurial marketing by highlighting guerrilla marketing, buzz marketing and viral marketing.

Sascha Kraus; Rainer Harms; Matthias Fink

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Price relationships and market integration in the Swedish wood fuel market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cointegration analysis is applied to the prices of three different wood fuel assortments in the Swedish market: refined wood fuels, forest chips and industrial by-products. For the latter two, the price series are separated according to two consumer categories: district heating (DH) plants and industrial consumers. Two types of analyses are performed. The first concerns whether the fuels within each consumer group can be bundled together as belonging to the same market in terms of product homogeneity. The second involves analysis of the prices of homogeneous fuels in the two consumer categories. It is found that in the DH sector, refined wood fuels should be observed as a separate market because their prices do not share a common trend with the prices of any of the other fuels. This lack of a common trend is likely due to the highly internationalized nature of the wood pellet market. The DH prices of forest chips and industrial by-products follow a common trend, as do the prices paid for industrial by-products by DH plants and industrial consumers. The prices of forest chips paid by industrial consumers and DH plants do not share a common trend. The prices paid by industrial consumers for industrial by-products and forest chips also do not share a common trend. These results highlight both the differences between the markets for unrefined and refined wood fuels and the presence of inefficiencies in the Swedish wood fuel market.

Olle Olsson; Bengt Hillring

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Arizona Natural Gas Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1996 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1997 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1998 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1999 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2001 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2002 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2003 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2004 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2005 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2008 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2011 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

419

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1992 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1993 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1994 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1995 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1996 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1997 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1998 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1999 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2001 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2002 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2003 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2004 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2005 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

420

Kentucky Natural Gas Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1992 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1993 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1994 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1995 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1996 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1997 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1998 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1999 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2001 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2002 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2003 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2004 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2005 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flared marketed production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Oklahoma Natural Gas Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1996 - - - - - - - - - - - - 1997 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1998 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1999 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2001 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2002 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2003 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2004 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2005 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2008 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2011 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

422

Ohio Natural Gas Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1992 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1993 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1994 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1995 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1996 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1997 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1998 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1999 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2001 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2002 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2003 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2004 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2005 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

423

Arizona Natural Gas Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1996 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1997 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1998 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1999 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2001 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2002 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2003 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2004 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2005 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2008 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2011 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2012 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

424

Florida Natural Gas Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1996 - - - - - - - - - - - - 1997 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1998 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1999 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2001 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2002 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2003 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2004 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2005 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2008 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2011 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2012 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

425

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1992 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1993 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1994 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1995 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1996 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1997 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1998 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1999 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2001 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2002 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2003 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2004 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2005 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

426

Virginia Natural Gas Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1992 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1993 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1994 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1995 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1996 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1997 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1998 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1999 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2001 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2002 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2003 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2004 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2005 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

427

Oklahoma Natural Gas Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1996 - - - - - - - - - - - - 1997 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1998 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1999 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2001 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2002 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2003 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2004 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2005 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2008 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2011 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2012 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

428

Two solar flares that became X-ray plasma ejections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar flares and X-ray plasma ejections (XPEs) occur simultaneously but usually are separated spatially. We present two exceptional events observed by {\\sl Yohkoh} in 2001 October 2 (event 1) and 2000 October 16 (event 2), in which features of flares and XPEs are mixed. Namely, the soft and hard X-ray images show intense sources of emission that move dynamically. Both events occurred inside broad active regions showing complicated multi-level structure reaching up to 200 Mm high. Both events show also similar four-stages evolution: (1) a fast rise of a system of loops, (2) sudden changes in their emission distribution, (3) a reconfiguration leading to liberation of large amounts of plasma, (4) a small, static loop as the final remnant. Nevertheless, the events are probably caused by different physical processes: emerging magnetic flux plus reconnection (event 1) and reconnection plus ballooning instability (event 2). Different is also the final destination of the ejected plasma: in the event 1 overlying magne...

Tomczak, Michal

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

RETURN CURRENTS AND ENERGY TRANSPORT IN THE SOLAR FLARING ATMOSPHERE  

SciTech Connect

According to the standard Ohmic perspective, the injection of accelerated electrons into the flaring region violates local charge equilibrium and therefore, in response, return currents are driven by an electric field to equilibrate such charge violation. In this framework, the energy loss rate associated with these local currents has an Ohmic nature and significantly shortens the accelerated electron path. In the present paper, we adopt a different viewpoint and, specifically, we study the impact of the background drift velocity on the energy loss rate of accelerated electrons in solar flares. We first utilize the Rutherford cross-section to derive the formula of the energy loss rate when the collisional target has a finite temperature and the background instantaneously and coherently moves up to equilibrate the electron injection. We then use the continuity equation for electrons and imaging spectroscopy data provided by RHESSI to validate this model. We show that this new formula for the energy loss rate provides a better fit of the experimental data with respect to the model based on the effects of standard Ohmic return currents.

Codispoti, Anna; Torre, Gabriele; Piana, Michele; Pinamonti, Nicola [Dipartimento di Matematica, Universita di Genova, via Dodecaneso 35, I-16146 Genova (Italy)

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

430

SLOW MAGNETOACOUSTIC OSCILLATIONS IN THE MICROWAVE EMISSION OF SOLAR FLARES  

SciTech Connect

Analysis of the microwave data, obtained in the 17 GHz channel of the Nobeyama Radioheliograph during the M1.6 flare on 2010 November 4, revealed the presence of 12.6 minute oscillations of the emitting plasma density. The oscillations decayed with the characteristic time of about 15 minutes. Similar oscillations with the period of about 13.8 minutes and the decay time of 25 minutes are also detected in the variation of EUV emission intensity measured in the 335 A channel of the Solar Dynamics Observatory/Atmospheric Imaging Assembly. The observed properties of the oscillations are consistent with the oscillations of hot loops observed by the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory/Solar Ultraviolet Measurement of Emitted Radiation (SUMER) in the EUV spectra in the form of periodic Doppler shift. Our analysis presents the first direct observations of the slow magnetoacoustic oscillations in the microwave emission of a solar flare, complementing accepted interpretations of SUMER hot loop oscillations as standing slow magnetoacoustic waves.

Kim, S.; Shibasaki, K. [Nobeyama Solar Radio Observatory/NAOJ, Nagano 384-1305 (Japan); Nakariakov, V. M., E-mail: sjkim@nro.nao.ac.jp [Physics Department, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL (United Kingdom)

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

431

Illinois Natural Gas Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1991 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1992 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1993 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1994 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1995 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1996 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1997 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1998 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1999 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2001 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2002 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2003 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2004 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2005 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

432

Florida Natural Gas Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Vented and Flared (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1996 - - - - - - - - - - - - 1997 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1998 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1999 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2001 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2002 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2003 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2004 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2005 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2008 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2011 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

433

Green Power Marketing in Retail Competition: An Early Assessment  

SciTech Connect

Green power marketing-the business of selling electricity products or services based in part on their environmental values-is still in an early stage of development. This Topical Issues Brief presents a summary of early results with green power marketing under retail competition, covering both fully competitive markets and relevant direct access pilot programs. The brief provides an overview of green products that are or were offered, and discusses consumers' interest in these products. Critical issues that will impact the availability and success of green power products under retail competition are highlighted.

Wiser, R. (LBL); Fang, J.; Porter, K.; Houston, A. (NREL)

1999-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

434

Dr. Robert Harmon Dr. Tom Gillpatrick International marketing/business, decision  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

specialist ­ commercial real- estate data and analysis Numerous advertising/marketing positions including of sustainability in product and service design + strategy Marketing strategy, new products mgmt., service innovation, and sustainable marketing academic background: professional background: area(s) of expertise

435

RELATION BETWEEN THE CORONAL MASS EJECTION ACCELERATION AND THE NON-THERMAL FLARE CHARACTERISTICS  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the relationship between the main acceleration phase of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) and the particle acceleration in the associated flares as evidenced in Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager non-thermal X-rays for a set of 37 impulsive flare-CME events. Both the CME peak velocity and peak acceleration yield distinct correlations with various parameters characterizing the flare-accelerated electron spectra. The highest correlation coefficient is obtained for the relation of the CME peak velocity and the total energy in accelerated electrons (c = 0.85), supporting the idea that the acceleration of the CME and the particle acceleration in the associated flare draw their energy from a common source, probably magnetic reconnection in the current sheet behind the erupting structure. In general, the CME peak velocity shows somewhat higher correlations with the non-thermal flare parameters than the CME peak acceleration, except for the spectral index of the accelerated electron spectrum, which yields a higher correlation with the CME peak acceleration (c Almost-Equal-To -0.6), indicating that the hardness of the flare-accelerated electron spectrum is tightly coupled to the impulsive acceleration process of the rising CME structure. We also obtained high correlations between the CME initiation height h{sub 0} and the non-thermal flare parameters, with the highest correlation of h{sub 0} to the spectral index {delta} of flare-accelerated electrons (c Almost-Equal-To 0.8). This means that CMEs erupting at low coronal heights, i.e., in regions of stronger magnetic fields, are accompanied by flares that are more efficient at accelerating electrons to high energies. In the majority of events ({approx}80%), the non-thermal flare emission starts after the CME acceleration, on average delayed by Almost-Equal-To 6 minutes, in line with the standard flare model where the rising flux rope stretches the field lines underneath until magnetic reconnection sets in. We find that the current sheet length at the onset of magnetic reconnection is 21 {+-} 7 Mm. The flare hard X-ray peaks are well synchronized with the peak of the CME acceleration profile, and in 75% of the cases they occur within {+-}5 minutes. Our findings provide strong evidence for the tight coupling between the CME dynamics and the particle acceleration in the associated flare in impulsive events, with the total energy in accelerated electrons being closely correlated with the peak velocity (and thus the kinetic energy) of the CME, whereas the number of electrons accelerated to high energies is decisively related to the CME peak acceleration and the height of the pre-eruptive structure.

Berkebile-Stoiser, S.; Veronig, A. M.; Bein, B. M.; Temmer, M., E-mail: asv@igam.uni-graz.at [Institute of Physics, University of Graz, A-8010 Graz (Austria)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Electronics Industry: Markets & Issues  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electronics Industry: Markets & Issues Electronics Industry: Markets & Issues Speaker(s): William M. Smith Date: March 17, 1998 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3148 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Richard Sextro Electronics represents a unique opportunity to get in on the beginning of an incredible growth spurt, for an already huge industry; $400 billion/year in the U.S. now, moving up by 10%-20% per year in several sectors. This is quite unlike many other U.S. industrial sectors, which often involve mature businesses requiring assistance to stay afloat. The potential for forming business partnerships with electronics firms to deal with issues in energy efficiency, water availability/quality, air quality, productivity/yield, HVAC, power quality, wastewater, air emissions, etc., is staggering. The industrys oligopic nature provides serious opportunities

437

The detection of M-dwarf UV flare events in the GALEX data archives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the preliminary results from implementing a new software tool that enables inspection of time-tagged photon data for the astronomical sources contained within individual GALEX ultraviolet images of the sky. We have inspected the photon data contained within 1802 GALEX images to reveal rapid, short-term (<500 sec) UV source variability in the form of stellar flares. The mean associated change in NUV magnitude due to this flaring activity is 2.7+/-0.3 mag. A list of 49 new UV variable-star candidates is presented, together with their associated Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) photometric magnitudes. From these data we can associate the main source of these UV flare events with magnetic activity on M-dwarf stars. Photometric parallaxes have been determined for 32 of these sources, placing them at distances ranging from approximately 25 to 1000pc. The average UV flare energy for these flare events is 2.5E30 ergs, which is of a similar energy to that of U-band, X-ray and EUV flares observed on many local M-dwarf stars. We have found that stars of classes M0 to M5 flare with energies spanning a far larger range and with an energy approximately 5 times greater than those of later (M6 to M8) spectral type.

Barry Y. Welsh; Jonathan M. Wheatley; Mark Seibert; Stanley E. Browne; Andrew A. West; Oswald H. W. Siegmund; Tom A. Barlow; Karl Forster; Peter G. Friedman; D. Christopher Martin; Patrick Morrissey; Todd Small; Ted Wyder; David Schiminovich; Susan Neff; R. Michael Rich

2006-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

438

HINODE OBSERVATIONS OF COHERENT LATERAL MOTION OF PENUMBRAL FILAMENTS DURING AN X-CLASS FLARE  

SciTech Connect

The X-3.4 class flare of 2006 December 13 was observed with a high cadence of 2 minutes at 0.2 arcsec resolution by HINODE/SOT FG instrument. The flare ribbons could be seen in G-band images also. A careful analysis of these observations after proper registration of images shows flare-related changes in penumbral filaments of the associated sunspot for the first time. The observations of sunspot deformation, decay of penumbral area, and changes in magnetic flux during large flares have been reported earlier in the literature. In this Letter, we report lateral motion of the penumbral filaments in a sheared region of the delta-sunspot during the X-class flare. Such shifts have not been seen earlier. The lateral motion occurs in two phases: (1) motion before the flare ribbons move across the penumbral filaments and (2) motion afterward. The former motion is directed away from expanding flare ribbons and lasts for about 4 minutes. The latter motion is directed in the opposite direction and lasts for more than 40 minutes. Further, we locate a patch in adjacent opposite polarity spot moving in opposite direction to the penumbral filaments. Together these patches represent conjugate footpoints on either side of the polarity inversion line, moving toward each other. This converging motion could be interpreted as shrinkage of field lines.

Gosain, S.; Venkatakrishnan, P.; Tiwari, Sanjiv Kumar [Udaipur Solar Observatory, Physical Research Laboratory, P.O. Box 198, Dewali, Badi Road, Udaipur 313001, Rajasthan (India)

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

FT-IR spectroscopy technology, market evolution and future strategies of Bruker Optics Inc.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the technology and market evolution of FT-IR spectroscopy over its nearly forty year history to aid in determining future product design and marketing strategies for an industry-leading firm, Bruker ...

Higdon, Thomas (Thomas Charles)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Causes, Magnitude and Consequences of Price Variability in Agricultural Commodity Market: An African Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­ unbridled population growth, oil price fluctuations, importation policies, water availability and political market, hunger, undernourishment in Africa, food productivity, population growth, oil price, importation1 Causes, Magnitude and Consequences of Price Variability in Agricultural Commodity Market

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flared marketed production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Separation of flue-gas scrubber sludge into marketable products. Second year, second quarterly technical progress report, Quarter No. 6, December 1, 1994--February 28, 1995  

SciTech Connect

To reduce their sulfur emissions, many coal-fired electric power plants use wet flue-gas scrubbers. These scrubbers convert sulfur oxides into solid sulfate and sulfite sludge, which must then be disposed of. This sludge is a result of reacting limestone with sulfur dioxide to precipitate calcium sulfite and calcium sulfate. It consists of calcium sulfite (CaSO{sub 3}{sm_bullet}0.5H{sub 2}O), gypsum (CaSO{sub 4}{sm_bullet}2H{sub 2}O), and unreacted limestone (CaCO{sub 3}) or lime (Ca(OH){sub 2}), with miscellaneous objectionable impurities such as iron oxides, silica, and magnesium, sodium, and potassium oxides or salts. These impurities prevent many sludges from being utilized as a replacement for natural gypsum, and as a result they must be disposed of in landfills, which presents a serious disposal problem. This project is studying the characteristics of flue-gas scrubber sludges from several sources, which is necessary for the development of purification technologies which will make it possible to directly utilize scrubber sludges rather than landfilling them. This purification will consist of minimal-reagent froth flotation, using the surface properties of the particles of unreacted limestone to remove them and their associated impurities from the material, leaving a purified calcium sulfite/gypsum product.

KAwatra, S.K.; Eisele, T.C.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Cesium-131 Production - Energy Innovation Portal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cesium-131 Production Idaho National Laboratory Contact INL About This Technology Technology Marketing SummaryCesium-131 production.Description This invention produces Cesium 131...

443

NATURAL GAS MARKET ASSESSMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION NATURAL GAS MARKET ASSESSMENT PRELIMINARY RESULTS In Support.................................................................................... 6 Chapter 2: Natural Gas Demand.................................................................................................. 10 Chapter 3: Natural Gas Supply

444

Market review: Market values summary July market review/current market data  

SciTech Connect

A summary of financial data for the uranium spot market is provided. Recent transactions are tabulated, including uranium sales, natural uranium loans, conversion sales, and enrichment sales. A market values summary and long-term price indicators are also provided. The July 1996 market review data includes summaries of near-term uranium sales, near-term supply/demand, NUEXCO values, USEC prices, and calculated worth of enriched uranium. Active projects in uranium, conversion, and separative work supply and demand are listed. International market values are tabulated for 22 selected currencies.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Market Drivers for Biofuels  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation, entitled "Market Drivers for Biofuels," was given at the Third Annual MSW to Biofuels Summit in February, 2013, by Brian Duff.

446

PV Policies and Markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The market explosion for PV started actually in 2004 with the introduction of the feed-in tariff , the FiT in Germany. Elsewhere...

Dr. Wolfgang Palz Ph.D.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

PV Policies and Markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The market explosion for PV started actually in 2004 with the introduction of the feed-in tariff , the FiT in Germany. Elsewhere...

Dr. Wolfgang Palz Ph.D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Energy Markets and Projections  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

National Governors Association Governors' Advisors Energy Policy Institute July 24, 2014 | Washington, DC By Adam Sieminski, EIA Administrator Energy Markets and Projections NGA...

449

CHEMICAL MARKET PRICES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CHEMICAL MARKET PRICES ... Compiled from weekly current price listings in the Oil, Paint and Drug Reporter , with permission of the publisher under its copyright. ...

1941-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

450

CHEMICAL MARKET PRICES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CHEMICAL MARKET PRICES ... Compiled from weakly current price listings in the Oil, Paint and Drug Reporter, with permission of the publisher under its copyright. ...

1941-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

451

Chemical Market Prices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chemical Market Prices ... Compiled from weekly current price listings in the Oil, Paint and Drug Reporter with permission of the publisher under its copyright. ...

1945-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

452

CHEMICAL MARKET PRICES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CHEMICAL MARKET PRICES ... Compiled from weekly current price listings in the Oil, Paint and Drug Reporter, with permission of the publisher under its copyright. ...

1941-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

453

CHEMICAL MARKET PRICES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CHEMICAL MARKET PRICES ... Compiled from weekly current price listings in the Oil, Paint and Drug Reporter , with permission of the publisher under its copyright. ...

1941-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

454

CHEMICAL MARKET PRICES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CHEMICAL MARKET PRICES ... Compiled from weekly current price listings in the Oil, Paint and Drug Reporter , with permission of the publisher under its copyright. ...

1941-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

455

Market Acceleration (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

The fact sheet summarizes the goals and activities of the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program efforts within its market acceleration subprogram.

Not Available

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Commercial Marketing Toolkit  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commercial-Marketing-Toolkit Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search Policy & Reporting Expand Policy & Reporting EE Sectors Expand EE Sectors Technology...

457

Slabo de Marketing Empresarial.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??El curso es de naturaleza terico prctico, tiene como propsito, desarrollar conocimiento sobre conceptos y tcnicas bsicas del marketing moderno de forma responsable y prctica. (more)

[No author

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

2025 Power Marketing Initiative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Allocations Rates 2025 Power Marketing Initiative The Loveland Area Projects (LAP) Firm Electric Service (FES) contracts expire September 30, 2024. Western Area Power...

459

Agricultural Marketing Toolkit  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Agricultural-Marketing-Toolkit Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search Policy & Reporting Expand Policy & Reporting EE Sectors Expand EE Sectors...

460

Stimulate the Market  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

After a technology has passed though the HIT prioritization process, DOE works with a range of partners to select and push forward specific market transformation strategies.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flared marketed production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

CAS marketing panel formed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CAS marketing panel formed ... A nine-member marketing panel has been formed as an adjunct to the Chemical Abstracts Service advisory board. ... In discussing the role of the panel, Philip K. Reily, director of the CAS marketing division, commented: "Marketing techniquesspecifically adapted to modern technical problems, well refined and developed, and skill-fully executedare the only effective way to insure that our chemical information services are going to be fully understood and widely utilized by chemists and chemical engineers all over the world." ...

1967-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

462

Equity markets and economic development: Does the primary market matter?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the secondary market transactions. In addition, from a macroeconomics perspectivea transaction on a stockEquity markets and economic development: Does the primary market matter? Andriansyaha,b,*and George and secondary equity markets in economic growth. In contrast to standard literature consideringsecondary market

463

Computing the Electricity Market Equilibrium: Uses of market equilibrium models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Computing the Electricity Market Equilibrium: Uses of market equilibrium models Ross Baldick Abstract--In this paper we consider the formulation and uses of electric- ity market equilibrium models. Keywords--Electricity market, Equilibrium models I. INTRODUCTION Electricity market equilibrium modelling

Baldick, Ross

464

Market Power in Electricity Markets: Beyond Concentration Measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PWP-059r Market Power in Electricity Markets: Beyond Concentration Measures Severin Borenstein.ucei.berkeley.edu/ucei #12;PWP-059r Market Power in Electricity Markets: Beyond Concentration Measures Severin Borenstein, James Bushnell, and Christopher R. Knittel1 February 1999 Abstract The wave of electricity market

California at Berkeley. University of

465

Regularized energy-dependent solar flare hard x-ray spectral index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The deduction from solar flare X-ray photon spectroscopic data of the energy dependent model-independent spectral index is considered as an inverse problem. Using the well developed regularization approach we analyze the energy dependency of spectral index for a high resolution energy spectrum provided by Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI). The regularization technique produces much smoother derivatives while avoiding additional errors typical of finite differences. It is shown that observations imply a spectral index varying significantly with energy, in a way that also varies with time as the flare progresses. The implications of these findings are discussed in the solar flare context.

Eduard P. Kontar; Alexander L. MacKinnon

2005-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

466

Simbol-X capability of detecting the non-thermal emission of stellar flares  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the capability of detecting, with Simbol-X, non-thermal emission during stellar flares, and distinguishing it from hot thermal emission. We find that flare non-thermal emission is detectable when at least ~20 cts are detected with the CZT detector in the 20-80 keV band. Therefore Simbol-X will detect the non-thermal emission from some of the X-ray brightest nearby stars, whether the thermal vs. non-thermal relation, derived for solar flares, holds.

C. Argiroffi; G. Micela; A. Maggio

2008-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

467

Chapter 19 - Marketing Scotch whisky in the 21st century and previously  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The market for Scotch whisky stretches back across three centuries. The product might have started with an artisanal method of production, but the size, scale, and sheer profitability of the category today make it a leviathan amongst the consumer goods market. This chapter puts forward the argument that it is vital to understand the evolution of this unique business model in order to prepare for the marketing challenges of the future. There is a very real continuum within this narrativea marketing continuum in which there are to be found the fundamental marketing principles and characteristics that help understand the growth (and decline) of the Scotch whisky market across the centuries.

Jonathan Driver

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

2012 DOE SSL Market Introdiction Workshop Agenda  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8-19, 2012 8-19, 2012 Wyndham Grand Downtown * Pittsburgh, PA Workshop Agenda DAY 1 - Wednesday, July 18 7:00 a.m. Registration Opens and Continental Breakfast 8:00 a.m. Welcome & Introduction James Brodrick, U.S. Department of Energy 8:30 a.m. Product Pricing, Cost Effectiveness, and Financing Many cite the high cost of LED lighting as the #1 barrier to market adoption. Yet rapidly falling prices and improved product performance are making LED products viable in a growing number of applications. This panel will explore current market trends, retail product pricing, cost effectiveness of LED outdoor products, and innovative financing solutions for outdoor applications. Moderator: James Brodrick, U.S. Department of Energy Jed Dorsheimer, Canaccord Genuity

469

Multiwavelength Coverage of a Bright Flare from Sgr A  

SciTech Connect

The dynamical center of our galaxy hosts a supermassive black hole, Sgr A*, which has been the target of an extensive multiwavelength campaign for a week in April 2007. We report here the detection of a bright flare from the vicinity of the horizon, observed simultaneously in X-rays (XMM-Newton) and NIR (VLT/NACO) on April 4{sup th}. For the first time, such an event also benefitted from a soft {gamma}-rays (INTEGRAL/ISGRI) and MIR (VLT/VISIR) coverage, which enabled us to derive upper limits at both ends of Sgr A* spectral energy distribution (SED). We discuss the physical implications of the contemporaneous light curves as well as the SED, in terms of synchrotron, synchrotron self-Compton and external Compton emission processes.

Trap, G.; Goldwurm, A. [Service d'Astrophysique (SAp)/IRFU/DSM/CEA Saclay-Bat. 709, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); AstroParticule and Cosmologie (APC)/Universite Paris VII/CNRS/CEA/Observatoire de Paris-Bat. Condorcet, 10, rue Alice Domon et Leonie Duquet, 75205 Paris Cedex 13 (France); Terrier, R. [AstroParticule and Cosmologie (APC)/Universite Paris VII/CNRS/CEA/Observatoire de Paris-Bat. Condorcet, 10, rue Alice Domon et Leonie Duquet, 75205 Paris Cedex 13 (France)

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

470

Far-IR and radio thermal continua in solar flares  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the invention of new far-infrared (FIR) and radio mm and sub-mm instruments (DESIR on SMESE satellite, ESO-ALMA), there is a growing interest in observations and analysis of solar flares in this so far unexplored wavelength region. Two principal radiation mechanisms play a role: the synchrotron emission due to accelerated particle beams moving in the magnetic field and the thermal emission due to the energy deposit in the lower atmospheric layers. In this contribution we explore the time-dependent effects of beams on thermal FIR and radio continua. We show how and where these continua are formed in the presence of time dependent beam heating and non-thermal excitation/ionisation of the chromospheric hydrogen plasma.

Kaparov, J; Karlick, M; Moravec, Z; Varady, M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Low Stocks Mean Tight Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Like those for other petroleum products, gasoline inventories have been running below normal. As of the latest weekly data, stocks are about 5% lower than the low end of the normal range for this time of year. Behind all of the low product inventories are low crude oil inventories. Recall that the crude market tightened in 1999 when OPEC cut back production. Demand was greater than supply and inventories were used to make up the difference. They have not yet recovered. Crude oil inventories are running about 7% below the low end of the normal range for this time of year. After last week's very large stock draw, it appears inventories are the lowest that they have been since December 1975. The U.S. inventory data will be an important price barometer to

472

Energy Efficiency Market Sustainable Business Planning | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Market Sustainable Business Planning Energy Efficiency Market Sustainable Business Planning Energy Efficiency Market Sustainable Business Planning, a presentation...

473

UNIVERSITY OF ALICANTE International Marketing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UNIVERSITY OF ALICANTE International Marketing SYLLABUS CREDITS: 3 UEES FACULTY: Mayo De Juan, PhD Associate Teaching Professor of Marketing (1) Moisés García Visitor Professor of Marketing (1) José Ramón Gonzálvez Visitor Professor of Marketing (1) (1) Marketing Department. University of Alicante ROOM: CONTACT

Escolano, Francisco

474

Deployment & Market Transformation (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

NREL's deployment and market transformation (D and MT) activities encompass the laboratory's full range of technologies, which span the energy efficiency and renewable energy spectrum. NREL staff educates partners on how they can advance sustainable energy applications and also provides clients with best practices for reducing barriers to innovation and market transformation.

Not Available

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Export markets gain strength  

SciTech Connect

The prices for internally traded coal in the USA have reached record levels and the future market fundamentals look very good. This is mainly due to Asian demand. The article discusses recent markets for US coal and summarizes findings of a recent study by Hill & Associates entitled 'International coal trade - supply, demand and prices to 2025'. 1 ref., 2 tabs.

Fiscor, S.

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

476

Japan still solid market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Japan still solid market ... Japan will continue to present a number of chemical marketing opportunities for U.S. companies, according to a study made for the U.S. Embassy in Tokyo. ... The share of imports of synthetic rubber in Japan's net supply has been dropping steadily since 1962, corresponding to rapidly rising local capacity. ...

1967-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

477

Biofuels Market Opportunities | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biofuels Market Opportunities Biofuels Market Opportunities Breakout Session 2C-Fostering Technology Adoption II: Expanding the Pathway to Market Biofuels Market Opportunities John...

478

Energy Market Analysis | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Market Analysis Energy Market Analysis Energy Market Analysis synthesizes all analysis efforts in the analysis spectrum. Scenario analyses, in the context of market...

479

Autonomic Product Development Process Automation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Market globalization and mass customization requirements are forcing companies towards automation of their product development processes. Many task-specific software solutions provide localized automation. Coordinating these (more)

Daley, John E.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Study of Solar Flares and Gamma-Ray Bursts in the Helicon Experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Detailed data on temporal profiles, energy spectra, and spectral variability of hard X-ray and gamma-ray flares of solar origin have been obtained ... , the Helicon experiment has also investigated cosmic gamma-ray

E. P. Mazets; R. L. Aptekar; S. V. Golenetskii

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "flared marketed production" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Ionospheric Effects associated with the Solar Flare of July 10, 1959  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... with the flare were observed at the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research Radio Research Substation at Singapore by using an automatic ionosonde1. Fig. 1 shows measured values off0F2 and ...

V. A. W. HARRISON

1960-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

482

Astrophysical explosions: from solar flares to cosmic gamma-ray bursts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...from solar flares to cosmic gamma-ray bursts J. Craig Wheeler * * wheel...collapse supernovae and cosmic gamma-ray bursts, each representing a different...black holes|supernovae|gamma-ray bursts|deflagration|detonation...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Helioseismic analysis of the solar flare-induced sunquake of 2005 January 15  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......flaring region into the solar interior, but most of this energy is refracted back to the...the Reuven Ramaty High-Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager...obtained by the GONG++ project, managed by the National Solar Observatory, a Division......

H. Moradi; A.-C. Donea; C. Lindsey; D. Besliu-Ionescu; P. S. Cally

2007-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

484

Thermal and Magnetic Parameters in Solar Flares Derived from GOES X-Ray Light Curves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......released amount of energy in a solar flare, and there...the derived thermal energy with the magnetic free energy. It is found that...Japan and Nobeyama Solar Radio Observatory...is a collaborative project involving the NRL......

Tetsuya T. Yamamoto; Takashi Sakurai

2010-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

485

Observations of Unresolved Photospheric Magnetic Fields in Solar Flares Using Fe i and Cr i Lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The structure of the photospheric magnetic field during solar flares is examined using echelle spectropolarimetric observations. The study is based on several Fei and Cri lines observed at locations correspondi...

M. Gordovskyy; V. G. Lozitsky

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Indirect estimation of energy disposition by non-thermal electrons in solar flares  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The broad-band EUV and microwave fluxes correlate strongly with hard X-ray fluxes in the impulsive phase of a solar flare. This note presents numerical aids for the estimation of the non-thermal electron fluxe...

H. S. Hudson; R. C. Canfield; S. R. Kane

1978-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

MARKET BASED APPROACHES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BASED BASED APPROACHES K.G. DULEEP MANAGING DIRECTOR EEA BACKGROUND * Introduction of fuel-cell vehicles and jump- starting the market will require significant government actions in the near term * Widespread understanding that command- and-control regulations can work for only very low sales volume. * Increased public sales and acceptance will need development of market based policies. ANALYSIS OBJECTIVES * EEA currently evaluating a number of market based approaches to enhancing fuel economy of conventional and hybrid vehicles. * Primary objective of effort is to evaluate a range of market based approaches that can be implemented when FCV models are market ready, and identify ones that could make a difference. * Effort is in the context of modifying existing approaches to special needs of FCVs

488

Electricity Market Module  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Market Module Market Module This page inTenTionally lefT blank 101 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Electricity Market Module The NEMS Electricity Market Module (EMM) represents the capacity planning, dispatching, and pricing of electricity. It is composed of four submodules-electricity capacity planning, electricity fuel dispatching, electricity load and demand, and electricity finance and pricing. It includes nonutility capacity and generation, and electricity transmission and trade. A detailed description of the EMM is provided in the EIA publication, Electricity Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2013, DOE/EIA-M068(2013). Based on fuel prices and electricity demands provided by the other modules of the NEMS, the EMM determines the most

489

MARKETING WORKS: Marketing Works is an opportunity for companies and organizations to commission a marketing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MARKETING WORKS: Marketing Works is an opportunity for companies and organizations to commission a marketing project, undertaken by postgraduate students from Strathclyde Business School's MSc programmes in the marketing department. In 2010/11 we undertook 22 Marketing Works projects, to include a wide range

Mottram, Nigel

490

Interaction Between Carbon Markets and Renewable Energy Markets (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

This poster, submitted for the CU Energy Initiative/NREL Symposium on October 3, 2006 in Boulder, Colorado, discusses the interaction between carbon markets and renewable energy markets.

Carroll, G. L.; Milford, J.; Bird, L.

2006-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

491

Marketing Edge Consulting Group and TargetGov Successful Marketing...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Traditional Marketing * Brochures * Fact sheets * Direct mail * Public relations * Advertising * Articles 19 Marketing Edge Consulting Group and TargetGov Less Personal......

492

Electricity market clearing price forecasting under a deregulated electricity market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Under deregulated electric market, electricity price is no longer set by the monopoly utility company rather it responds to the market and operating conditions. Offering (more)

Yan, Xing

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Environmental tax in a green market Dorothe BRECARD(*)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EA 4272 Environmental tax in a green market Dorothée BRECARD(*) 2009/14 (*) LEMNA, Université de,version1-1Oct2009 #12;Environmental tax in a green market Dorothée Brécard Université de Nantes, LEMNA by consumers' environmental awareness and competition between firms for both environmental quality and product

Boyer, Edmond

494

Radiative Hydrodynamic Models of the Optical and Ultraviolet Emission from Solar Flares  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on radiative hydrodynamic simulations of moderate and strong solar flares. The flares were simulated by calculating the atmospheric response to a beam of non-thermal electrons injected at the apex of a one-dimensional closed coronal loop, and include heating from thermal soft X-ray, extreme ultraviolet and ultraviolet (XEUV) emission. The equations of radiative transfer and statistical equilibrium were treated in non-LTE and solved for numerous transitions of hydrogen, helium, and Ca II allowing the calculation of detailed line profiles and continuum emission. This work improves upon previous simulations by incorporating more realistic non-thermal electron beam models and includes a more rigorous model of thermal XEUV heating. We find XEUV backwarming contributes less than 10% of the heating, even in strong flares. The simulations show elevated coronal and transition region densities resulting in dramatic increases in line and continuum emission in both the UV and optical regions. The optical continuum reaches a peak increase of several percent which is consistent with enhancements observed in solar white light flares. For a moderate flare (~M-class), the dynamics are characterized by a long gentle phase of near balance between flare heating and radiative cooling, followed by an explosive phase with beam heating dominating over cooling and characterized by strong hydrodynamic waves. For a strong flare (~X-class), the gentle phase is much shorter, and we speculate that for even stronger flares the gentle phase may be essentially non-existent. During the explosive phase, synthetic profiles for lines formed in the upper chromosphere and transition region show blue shifts corresponding to a plasma velocity of ~120 km/s, and lines formed in the lower chromosphere show red shifts of ~40 km/s.

J. C. Allred; S. L. Hawley; W. P. Abbett; M. Carlsson

2005-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

495

Magnetic Reconnection During the Two-Phase Evolution of a Solar Eruptive Flare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a detailed multi-wavelength analysis and interpretation of the evolution of an M7.6 flare on October 24, 2003. The X-ray observations of the flare taken from the RHESSI spacecraft reveal two phases of the flare evolution. The first phase is characterized by the altitude decrease of the X-ray looptop (LT) source for $\\sim$11 minutes. Such a long duration of the descending LT source motion is reported for the first time. The EUV loops, located below the X-ray LT source, also undergo contraction with similar speed ($\\sim$15 km s$^{-1}$) in this interval. During the second phase the two distinct hard X-ray footpoints (FP) sources are observed which correlate well with UV and H$\\alpha$ flare ribbons. The X-ray LT source now exhibits upward motion. The RHESSI spectra during the first phase are soft and indicative of hot thermal emission from flaring loops with temperatures $T>25$ MK at the early stage. On the other hand, the spectra at high energies ($\\varepsilon \\gtrsim$25 keV) follow hard power laws during the second phase ($\\gamma = 2.6-2.8$). We show that the observed motion of the LT and FP sources can be understood as a consequence of three-dimensional magnetic reconnection at a separator in the corona. During the first phase of the flare, the reconnection releases an excess of magnetic energy related to the magnetic tensions generated before a flare by the shear flows in the photosphere. The relaxation of the associated magnetic shear in the corona by the reconnection process explains the descending motion of the LT source. During the second phase, the ordinary reconnection process dominates describing the energy release in terms of the standard model of large eruptive flares.

Bhuwan Joshi; Astrid Veronig; K. -S. Cho; S. -C. Bong; Y. -J. Moon; Jeongwoo Lee; B. V. Somov; P. K. Manoharan; Y. -H. Kim

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

496

A MODEL FOR THE ESCAPE OF SOLAR-FLARE-ACCELERATED PARTICLES  

SciTech Connect

We address the problem of how particles are accelerated by solar flares can escape into the heliosphere on timescales of an hour or less. Impulsive solar energetic particle (SEP) bursts are generally observed in association with so-called eruptive flares consisting of a coronal mass ejection (CME) and a flare. These fast SEPs are believed to be accelerated directly by the flare, rather than by the CME shock. However, the precise mechanism by which the particles are accelerated remains controversial. Regardless of the origin of the acceleration, the particles should remain trapped in the closed magnetic fields of the coronal flare loops and the ejected flux rope, given the magnetic geometry of the standard eruptive-flare model. In this case, the particles would reach the Earth only after a delay of many hours to a few days (coincident with the bulk ejecta arriving at Earth). We propose that the external magnetic reconnection intrinsic to the breakout model for CME initiation can naturally account for the prompt escape of flare-accelerated energetic particles onto open interplanetary magnetic flux tubes. We present detailed 2.5-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulations of a breakout CME/flare event with a background isothermal solar wind. Our calculations demonstrate that if the event occurs sufficiently near a coronal-hole boundary, interchange reconnection between open and closed fields can occur. This process allows particles from deep inside the ejected flux rope to access solar wind field lines soon after eruption. We compare these results to standard observations of impulsive SEPs and discuss the implications of the model on further observations and calculations.

Masson, S.; Antiochos, S. K. [Space Weather Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 8800 Greenbelt Road, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); DeVore, C. R., E-mail: sophie.masson@nasa.gov [Laboratory for Computational Physics and Fluid Dynamics, Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20375 (United States)

2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

497

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ET2/TL-08-1474. May 19, 2010 Wind Technologies Market ReportIndustry Annual Market Report: Year Ending 2010. Washington,Quarter 2011 Market Report. Washington, D.C. : American Wind

Wiser, Ryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2011. North America Wind Energy Market Forecast: 20112025.study. Regions with fast energy markets, for example, changea sub-hourly, real-time energy market providing centralized,

Wiser, Ryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Reliability and competitive electricity markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite all of the talk about ?deregulation? of the electricity sector, a large number of non-market mechanisms have been imposed on emerging competitive wholesale and retail markets. These mechanisms include spot market ...

Joskow, Paul L.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Steve Criss Marketing & Communications Manager  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Steve Criss Marketing & Communications Manager Steve Criss communications initiatives, including electronic and print media, direct marketing than 15 years of hands-on marketing and public relations management experience

Alpay, S. Pamir