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1

Department of Veterans Affairs, FONSI - Ground mounted solar photovoltaic  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ground mounted solar Ground mounted solar photovoltaic power at San Joaquin National Cemetery Department of Veterans Affairs, FONSI - Ground mounted solar photovoltaic power at San Joaquin National Cemetery An Environmental Assessment (EA) has been prepared under the direction of an interdisciplinary team analyzing theproposed construction of a Photovoltaic System at the San Joaquin National Cemetery (SNC) in San Joaquin,Calofornia. CX rulemaking files More Documents & Publications Department of Veterans Affairs, FONSI - Rooftop solar PV power at Calverton National Cemetery Department of Energy Technical Support Document National Environmental Policy Act Implementing Procedures Supplement to Notice of Proposed Rulemaking Proposed Changes and Supplemental Supporting Basis

2

Numerical simulation of wind effects on a stand-alone ground mounted photovoltaic (PV) system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract 3D Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) simulations using an unsteady solver with steady inlet conditions are carried out to investigate the wind load and flow field around a ground mounted stand-alone photovoltaic (PV) system with 25° panel tilt angle immersed in the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) using the shear stress transport (SST) k-? turbulence closure. Wind directions of the incoming flow are varied from 0° to 180° at 45° intervals. Mean pressure coefficients on the surfaces of the PV panel are compared with the wind tunnel measurement by Abiola-Ogedengbe (2013) and an agreement within 46% is found. Coefficients of drag, lift and overturning moment for the PV system are computed from the numerical simulations. In terms of maximum uplift, 180° is found to be the critical wind direction whereas in terms of overturning moments, 45° and 135° are the critical wind directions. The wind velocity and vorticity fields around the panel are correlated and analyzed with respect to the pressure distribution on the panel surfaces.

Chowdhury Mohammad Jubayer; Horia Hangan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

WestSolarGroundMount City of Phoenix/ASU West  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fletcher WestSolarGroundMount Lawn Field City of Phoenix/ASU West South Fields Community Park Lecture Hall KIVA 3E Las Casas Residence Hall CASA 3C · Student Housing · Student Housing Sands Classroom for exact locations. N S W E Z Under Construction WC PTS CSC South Zone Park Zone South Zone South Zone

4

Land use requirements for ground-mounted solar power facilities. | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Land use requirements for ground-mounted solar power facilities. Land use requirements for ground-mounted solar power facilities. Dataset Summary Description This dataset is part of a larger internal dataset at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that explores various characteristics of large solar electric (both PV and CSP) facilities around the United States. This dataset focuses on the land use characteristics for solar facilities that are either under construction or currently in operation. Source Land-Use Requirements for Solar Power Plants in the United States Date Released June 25th, 2013 (5 months ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords acres area average concentrating solar power csp Density electric hectares km2 land land requirements land use land-use mean photovoltaic photovoltaics PV solar statistics Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Master Solar Land Use Spreadsheet (xlsx, 1.5 MiB)

5

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: oTilt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

oTilt oTilt tool_otilt oTilt is an online tool for quickly determining the optimum tilt angles for solar collectors. Site can be located in an integrated Google map, searching it using keywords (e.g. Central Park, New York) or by directly entering latitude and longitude. oTilt determines the optimum monthly, seasonal, half-yearly and fixed tilt angles for solar collectors at selected site location along with respective energy collection during these spans. Results are presented in the form of a table. Screen Shots Keywords solar radiations, radiations on tilted surface, optimum tilt angle, optimum pitch angle, collector slope Validation/Testing Methodology and validation of results is given on website Expertise Required No special expertise needed. Users More than 100.

6

TILT | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TILT TILT Dataset Summary Description Developed by NREL and the U.S. Trade and Development Agency, this geographic toolkit that allows users to relate the renewable energy resource (solar and wind) data to other geographic data, such as land use, protected areas, elevation, etc. The GsT was completely redesigned and re-released in November 2010 to provide a more modern, easier-to-use interface with considerably faster analytical querying capabilities. The revised version of the Geospatial Toolkit for Turkey is available using the following link: http://www.nrel.gov/international/downloads/gst_turkey.exe Source GeoModel Date Released March 31st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated July 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords DNI GeoModel GHI GIS GsT NREL solar SWERA TILT

7

Optimum tilt angle and orientation for solar collectors in Syria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the important parameters that affect the performance of a solar collector is its tilt angle with the horizon. This is because of the variation of tilt angle changes the amount of solar radiation reaching the collector surface. A mathematical model was used for estimating the solar radiation on a tilted surface, and to determine the optimum tilt angle and orientation (surface azimuth angle) for the solar collector in the main Syrian zones, on a daily basis, as well as for a specific period. The optimum angle was computed by searching for the values for which the radiation on the collector surface is a maximum for a particular day or a specific period. The results reveal that changing the tilt angle 12 times in a year (i.e. using the monthly optimum tilt angle) maintains approximately the total amount of solar radiation near the maximum value that is found by changing the tilt angle daily to its optimum value. This achieves a yearly gain in solar radiation of approximately 30% more than the case of a solar collector fixed on a horizontal surface.

Kamal Skeiker

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

latitude tilt | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

latitude tilt latitude tilt Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude for Nepal. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the collector location. Source U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Date Released April 12th, 2005 (9 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords atmospheric water vapor GIS latitude tilt Nepal NREL solar SWERA TILT UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 25.6 KiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 36.2 KiB)

9

Self-Optimization of Antenna Tilt and Pilot Power for Dedicated Channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Self-Optimization of Antenna Tilt and Pilot Power for Dedicated Channels Abstract-- In Radio Access Networks (RAN), fixed configurations result in poor network efficiency. This sub- optimal performance present a framework for a self-optimizing RAN, which adapts Antenna Tilt and Pilot Power according

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

10

Radiation Incident on Tilted Collectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For solar energy system design purposes, observations of solar radiation on a horizontal surface must be converted to values on a tilted energy collector. An empirical conversion relationship, introduced by Liu and Jordan (1960) and based on ...

P. J. Robinson

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

BEAM TILTED CORRELATIONS Frank Vignola  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from tilted solar radiance. This model will then be used to estimate the performance of a photovoltaic. INTRODUCTION The number and variety of grid-tied photovoltaic (PV) systems being installed is stimulating, wind speed, and other meteorological variables and weather conditions. With the variety of solar cell

Oregon, University of

12

fixed2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Part Deux Part Deux Painless Physics Articles BEAM COOLING August 2, 1996 By Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affairs ACCELERATION August 16, 1996 By Dave Finley, Accelerator Division Head RF August 30, 1996 By Pat Colestock, Accelerator Division FIXED TARGET PHYSICS September 20, 1996 By Peter H. Garbincius, Physics Section FIXED TARGET PHYSICS PART DEUX October 16, 1996 By Peter H. Garbincius, Physics Section and Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affaris CROSS SECTION November 1, 1996 By Doreen Wackeroth, Theoretical Physics Edited by Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affaris MAGNETS PART I November 15, 1996 By Hank Glass, Technical Support Section Edited by Donald Sena, Office of Public Affairs MAGNETS PART II January 10, 1997 By Hank Glass, Technical Support Section Edited by Donald Sena, Office of Public Affairs

13

Numerical study of natural convection in fully open tilted cavities  

SciTech Connect

A numerical simulation of two-dimensional laminar natural convection in a fully open tilted square cavity with an isothermally heated back wall is conducted. The remaining two walls of the cavity are adiabatic. Steady-state solutions are presented for Grashof numbers between 10{sup 2} and 10{sup 5} and for tilt angles ranging from {minus}60{degree} to 90{degree} (where 90{degree} represents a cavity with the opening facing down). The fluid properties are assumed to be constant except for the density variation with temperature that gives rise to the buoyancy forces, which is treated by the Boussinesq approximation. The fluid concerned is air with Prandtl number fixed at 0.71. The governing equations are expressed in a normalized primitive variables formulation. Numerical predictions of the velocity and temperature fields are obtained using the finite-volume-based power law (SIMPLER: Semi-Implicit Method for Pressure-Linked Equations Revised) algorithm. For a vertical open cavity ({alpha} = 0{degree}), the algorithm generated results that were in good agreement with those previously published. Flow patterns and isotherms are shown in order to give a better understanding of the heat transfer and flow mechanisms inside the cavity. Effects of the controlling parameters-Grashof number and tilt angle-on the heat transfer (average Nusselt number) are presented and analyzed. The results also revealed that the open-cavity Nusselt number approaches the flat-plate solution when either Grashof number or tilt angle increases. In addition, a correlation of the Nusselt number in terms of the Grashof number and tilt angle is developed and presented; a comparison is made with available data from other literature.

Elsayed, M.M.; Al-Najem, N.M.; El-Refaee, M.M.; Noor, A.A.

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Large optics inspection, tilting, and washing stand  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A large optics stand provides a risk free means of safely tilting large optics with ease and a method of safely tilting large optics with ease. The optics are supported in the horizontal position by pads. In the vertical plane the optics are supported by saddles that evenly distribute the optics weight over a large area.

Ayers, Marion Jay (Brentwood, CA); Ayers, Shannon Lee (Brentwood, CA)

2010-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

15

Tilt display demonstration: a display surface with multi-axis tilt & actuation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This demonstration accompanies a full paper accepted into MobileHCI '12 [1]. We demonstrate a new type of actuatable display, called a Tilt Display, that provides visual feedback combined with multi-axis tilting and vertical actuation. Its ability to ... Keywords: actuated displays, nonplanar surface interaction, physical actuation, tilt displays

Jason Alexander; Andrés Lucero; Sriram Subramanian

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Tilt displays: designing display surfaces with multi-axis tilting and actuation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a new type of actuatable display, called Tilt Displays, that provide visual feedback combined with multi-axis tilting and vertical actuation. Their ability to physically mutate provides users with an additional information channel that facilitates ... Keywords: actuated displays, non-planar surface interaction, physical actuation, tilt displays

Jason Alexander; Andrés Lucero; Sriram Subramanian

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

GEF. latitude tilt | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GEF. latitude tilt GEF. latitude tilt Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Latitude tilted solar radiation in kWh/m2/day for 1 year organized into cells with 40km x 40km (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders Source INPE (National Institute for Spatial Research) and LABSOLAR (Laboratory of Solar Energy/Federal University of Santa Catarina) - Brazil Date Released August 08th, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated August 08th, 2009 (5 years ago) Keywords Brazil GEF. latitude tilt INPE LABSOLAR solar SWERA TILT UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 706.1 KiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 999.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review

18

latitutde tilt irradiance | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

latitutde tilt irradiance latitutde tilt irradiance Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude for Bangladesh. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the collector location. Source NREL Date Released April 12th, 2005 (9 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords atmospheric water vapor GEF GIS latitutde tilt irradiance NREL solar SWERA TILT UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 35.5 KiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 26.7 KiB) Quality Metrics

19

Experimental control of the spheromak tilting instability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) tilting instability of the spheromak configuration has been experimentally investigated by recording the time evolution of the magnetic field with small magnetic probes. Passive coil systems such as the figure?eight and saddle coils have been proven experimentally effective against this instability.

C. Munson; A. Janos; F. Wysocki; M. Yamada

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Stabilization of the spheromak tilt instability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A stability criterion for the tilt mode of a spheromak?ion ring hybrid configuration has been developed for the case where the ring current is small compared to the spheromak azimuthal current. It is shown that the stability is related to the distortion of the spheromak separatrix.

C. Litwin; R. N. Sudan; A. D. Turnbull

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed tilt ground-mount" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Combined Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy Tilt- and Focal Series  

SciTech Connect

In this study, a combined tilt- and focal series is proposed as a new recording scheme for high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) tomography. Three-dimensional (3D) data were acquired by mechanically tilting the specimen, and recording a through-focal series at each tilt direction. The sample was a whole-mount macrophage cell with embedded gold nanoparticles. The tilt focal algebraic reconstruction technique (TF-ART) is introduced as a new algorithm to reconstruct tomograms from such combined tilt- and focal series. The feasibility of TF-ART was demonstrated by 3D reconstruction of the experimental 3D data. The results were compared with a conventional STEM tilt series of a similar sample. The combined tilt- and focal series led to smaller missing wedge artifacts, and a higher axial resolution than obtained for the STEM tilt series, thus improving on one of the main issues of tilt series-based electron tomography.

Dahmen, Tim [German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI), Germany] [German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI), Germany; Baudoin, Jean-Pierre G [ORNL] [ORNL; Lupini, Andrew R [ORNL] [ORNL; Kubel, Christian [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Leopoldshafen, Germany] [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Leopoldshafen, Germany; Slusallek, Phillip [German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI), Germany] [German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI), Germany; De Jonge, Niels [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Spheromak tilting instability in cylindrical geometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The internal tilting instability in a force?free spheromak plasma in cylindrical geometry is examined. It is found that this instability originally found in spherical geometry also occurs in cylindrical geometry. The analysis proceeds by first demonstrating that if no mode rational surface is present in the plasma a necessary and sufficient condition for ideal magnetohydrodynamic instability is that there exist a solution to ?×B m = ? m B m where B m ?exp(i m?) with ? m tilting mode is unstable for these parameters. All modes with m?1 are shown to be stable.

John M. Finn; Wallace M. Manheimer; Edward Ott

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Tilting instability of a cylindrical spheromak  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The stability of a low?beta spheromak with a perfectly conducting cylindrical boundary of length L and radius R is analyzed in terms of force?free fields with J = ?B(? = const). The axisymmetric equilibrium is found unstable to tilting when the elongation L/R is larger than about 1.67. Numerical solutions of the time?dependent ideal magnetohydrodynamic equations confirm this result.

A. Bondeson; G. Marklin; Z. G. An; H. H. Chen; Y. C. Lee; C. S. Liu

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Stabilizing windings for tilting and shifting modes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to passive conducting loops for stabilizing a plasma ring against unstable tilting and/or shifting modes. To this end, for example, plasma ring in a spheromak is stabilized by a set of four figure-8 shaped loops having one pair on one side of the plasma and one pair on the other side with each pair comprising two loops whose axes are transverse to each other.

Jardin, Stephen C. (Princeton, NJ); Christensen, Uffe R. (Princeton, NJ)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Analytical investigation of collector optimum tilt angle at low latitude  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An analytical investigation on the optimum tilt angle for solar collectors at low latitude a case study of Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS (UTP) 4.39°N and 100.98°E Malaysia is presented in this work. The study employed Hay Davies Klucher and Reindl (HDKR) anisotropic sky model to evaluate the available hourly solar radiation on inclined surface using the location metrological data. The tilt angles considered were 0° to 30° in step of 3° with the inclusion of the location latitude angle. The study employed the ratio of global solar radiation on tilted surface to the global solar radiation on horizontal surface in the decision of the optimum tilt. The system equations were converted to MATLAB codes to solve for the optimum tilt angles. The results show that the optimum tilt varies monthly but gave zero degree for south facing collector for the months of April to August; thus the investigation also considered north facing orientation for the months of April to September. The optimum annual tilt angle for the location using the tilt to horizontal radiation ratio was found to be equal to the location latitude angle. Using the conventional average of the monthly optimum tilt angles the annual optimum tilt angle was found to be 9.75° for south facing collector. Considering seasonal optimum tilt angle for the location using the tilt to horizontal radiation ratio 18° facing south was found to be the optimum tilt angle for rainy season (September to March) and 15° facing north for dry season (April to August). Employing the average of monthly optimum tilt method the seasonal optimum tilt angle was found to be 17° for rainy season and 12° facing north dry season. The effect of dust on the collector was considered with reference to literature and the annual tilt angle of 15° facing south was recommended for the location in the case of large solar collector that cannot be monthly or seasonally adjusted.

Ogboo Chikere Aja; Hussain H. Al-Kayiem; Zainal Ambri Abdul Karim

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Fixed Offshore Wind Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter, a perspective of offshore wind farms, applied concepts for fixed offshore wind turbines, and related statistics are given. One example of a large wind farm, which is successfully operating, is st...

Madjid Karimirad

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Local Uniqueness for the Fixed Energy Fixed Angle Inverse Problem ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. We prove local uniqueness for the inverse problem in obstacle scattering at a fixed energy and fixed incident angle. We consider the inverse problem of ...

28

Geometric Model of a Narrow Tilting CAR using Robotics formalism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- structured multibody system composed of n bodies (links) where the chassis is the mobile base and the wheels tilting car "Lumeneo Smera" [4] through the analysis of its tilting mechanism. To model a complex system. Robotic representation of a multibody system The car can be seen as a mobile robot which is a tree

Boyer, Edmond

29

Three-Dimensional Simulation of Spheromak Creation and Tilting Disruption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Spheromak dynamics is studied for a zero-? plasma by a three-dimensional magneto-hydrodynamics simulation code. The growth rate of the tilting instability is found to be of the order of 10?A (Alfvén transit time) and, more interestingly, once tilt occurs, the spheromak field reconnects three dimensionally with the vertical field, thus leading to a disruptive deformation of the spheromak.

Tetsuya Sato and Takaya Hayashi

1983-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

30

File:NREL-asia-tilt.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

asia-tilt.pdf asia-tilt.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Selected Asian Countries - Annual Tilted at Latitude Solar Radiation (PDF) Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 3.05 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Selected Asian Countries - Annual Tilted at Latitude Solar Radiation (PDF) Description Selected Asian Countries - Annual Tilted at Latitude Solar Radiation (PDF) Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-PV, Solar-40km Creation Date 2006-07-13 Extent International Countries Bhutan, China, Nepal, Mongolia, India, North Korea, South Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Philippines, Bangladesh UN Region Southern Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia

31

The Fix Issue 9  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or reproductions may be made without written permission of the editor. ~ ;fRectar anb %{moro.$ia ... Welcome to OU T ho liday issue of THE FIX. Yes, it's a little latc, but you 'll also notice that it's a lit tle larger than usual. Part of thc reason fOT Ihc... themes to be important in the holiday context for our characters. There's ou r Hutch, a little glum and concerned about the state of the world, with Starsky at his side full of holiday chccr and hOpe. There's a little bi t of the both of them in all o f...

Multiple Contributors

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Optimal mixing and optimal stirring for fixed energy, fixed power or fixed palenstrophy flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimal mixing and optimal stirring for fixed energy, fixed power or fixed palenstrophy flows-time perfect mixing with a finite energy constraint on the stirring flow. On the other hand, using techniques, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (Dated: 31 March 2012) We consider passive scalar mixing

Novikov, Alexei

33

The Properties of the Tilts of Bipolar Solar Regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate various properties associated with the tilt of isolated magnetic bipoles in magnetograms taken at the solar surface. We show that bipoles can be divided into two groups which have tilts of opposite signs, and reveal similar properties with respect to bipole area, flux and bipolar moment. Detailed comparison of these physical quantities shows that the dividing point between the two types of bipoles corresponds to a bipole area of about 300 millionths of the solar hemisphere (MHS). The time-latitude distribution of small bipoles differs substantially from that for large bipoles. Such behaviour in terms of dynamo theory may indicate that small and large bipoles trace different components of the solar magnetic field. The other possible viewpoint is that the difference in tilt data for small and large bipoles is connected with spectral helicity separation, which results in opposite tilts for small and large bipoles. We note that the data available do not provide convincing reasons to prefer either i...

Illarionov, E; Sokoloff, D

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Position vs. Velocity Control for Tilt-Based Interaction Robert J. Teather*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

like a steering wheel, and "marble maze" games where tilting rolls a ball to simulate gravity. Although's subjective impression of the system. 2 RELATED WORK 2.1 Tilt-Based Interaction Tilt control has long been

MacKenzie, Scott

35

File:NREL-africa-tilt.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

tilt.pdf tilt.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Africa - Annual Flat Plate Tilted at Latitude (PDF) Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 5.69 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Africa - Annual Flat Plate Tilted at Latitude (PDF) Description Africa - Annual Flat Plate Tilted at Latitude (PDF) Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-PV, Solar-40km Creation Date 2005-01-11 Extent Continent Countries Africa UN Region File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:34, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:34, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (5.69 MB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

36

Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics without Tip-tilt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adaptive optics (AO) systems allow a telescope to reach its diffraction limit at near infrared wavelengths. But to achieve this, a bright natural guide star (NGS) is needed for the wavefront sensing, severely limiting the fraction of the sky over which AO can be used. To some extent this can be overcome with a laser guide star (LGS). While the laser can be pointed anywhere in the sky, one still needs to have a natural star, albeit fainter, reasonably close to correct the image motion (tip-tilt) to which laser guide stars are insensitive. There are in fact many astronomical targets without suitable tip-tilt stars, but for which the enhanced resolution obtained with the Laser Guide Star Facility (LGSF) would still be very beneficial. This article explores what adaptive optics performance one might expect if one dispenses with the tip-tilt star, and in what situations this mode of observing might be needed.

R. Davies; S. Rabien; C. Lidman; M. Le Louarn; M. Kasper; N. M. Forster Schreiber; V. Roccatagliata; N. Ageorges; P. Amico; C. Dumas; F. Mannucci

2008-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

37

Spheromak tilt stabilization with an energetic particle component  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The tilt and shift stability of a spheromak plasma in the presence of a large orbit ion?ring component is determined by evaluating the magnetic interaction of the plasma with the ion ring and the external coils. Neither the ion?ring toroidal current nor the ring inverse aspect ratio is required to be small. The influence of conducting walls is considered to be negligible as is appropriate for compression experiments. The plasma tilt and shift stability has been evaluated for a comprehensive set of numerically generated self?consistent hybrid spheromak/ion?ring equilibria. Stable equilibria are found over a considerable range of the parameters. The tilt stabilization of the plasma typically requires that more than about 25% of the total toroidal current be carried by the ion ring.

C. Mehanian; R. V. E. Lovelace

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Reverse time migration in tilted transversely isotropic media  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a reverse time migration (RTM) method for the migration of shot records in tilted transversely isotropic (TTI) media. It is based on the tilted TI acoustic wave equation that was derived from the dispersion relation. The RTM is a full depth migration allowing for velocity to vary laterally as well as vertically and has no dip limitations. The wave equation is solved by a tenth-order finite difference scheme. Using 2D numerical models, we demonstrate that ignoring the tilt angle will introduce both lateral and vertical shifts in imaging. The shifts can be larger than 0.5 wavelength in the vertical direction and 1.5 wavelength in the lateral direction.

Zhang, Linbing; Rector III, James W.; Hoversten, G. Michael

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Iris tilting and RF steering in the SLAC Linac  

SciTech Connect

For some time now, the sources of RF transverse beam steering in the SLAC Linac have been a mystery. The previously known sources, coupler asymmetries and survey misalignment, have predicted deflections which are frequently much smaller than the observed deflections. A new source of RF steering has been discovered: the tilting of accelerator irises. Measurements of iris tilting in a forty foot accelerator girder are compared with measurements of RF beam deflections and are found to be strongly correlated. 4 refs., 6 figs., 3 tabs.

Seeman, J.T.

1985-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

40

Countdown to Fixed Target INSIDE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

17, 1996 17, 1996 Number 10 Countdown to Fixed Target INSIDE 2 University Close-Up: The University of Illinois 4 Tollestrup Elected to National Academy 5 Bardeen Receives Sakurai Prize 6 Take Your Daughters and Sons to Work Day "At this moment," Fermilab Director John Peoples told the House Subcommittee on Energy and Environment in testimony deliv- ered in Washington on May 8, "Fermilab is in the midst of the transition from collider opera- tions to fixed-target operations. In June, we will begin extracting a beam of protons from the Tevatron, the highest-energy external beam in the world. By directing this beam onto eight targets we will create eight distinct particle beams that will in turn support 10 unique experiments. Although fixed-target experi- ments cannot explore the high-energy frontier

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed tilt ground-mount" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

EIS-0039: Motor Gasoline Deregulation and the Gasoline Tilt  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Economic Regulatory Administration developed this EIS to evaluate the environmental impacts, including social and economic impacts, that may result from either of two proposed regulatory changes: (1) the exemption of motor gasoline from the Department of Energy's Mandatory Petroleum Price and Allocation Regulations, and (2) the adoption of the gasoline tilt, a proposed regulation that would allow refiners to recover an additional amount of their total increased costs on gasoline.

42

Splay and tilt energy of bipolar lipid membranes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Archaea organisms are able to survive in extremely aggressive environment. It is thought that such resistance, at least, in part is sustained by unique properties of archaea membrane. The membrane consists of so called bolalipids, which has two polar heads joined by two hydrocarbon chains. Thus bolalipids can exist in two conformations: i) polar heads are located at different sides of bolalipid layer, so called, O-shape; ii) polar heads are located at the same side of the layer, so called, U-shape. Both polar heads and chains are chemically different from those for conventional lipids. In the present study we develop basis for theory of elasticity of bolalipid membranes. Deformations of splay, tilt and Gaussian curvature are considered. We show that energetic contributions of tilt deformation from two surfaces of bolalipid layer are additive, as well as Gaussian curvature, while splay deformations yield a cross-term. The presence of U-shapes is taken into account in terms of the layer spontaneous curvature. Estimation of tilt modulus and possible experiments allowing to measure splay moduli are described.

Timur R. Galimzyanov; Peter I. Kuzmin; Peter Pohl; Sergey A. Akimov

2014-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

43

Environmental impacts of large-scale grid-connected ground-mounted PV installations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

deployment and solar energy use are developing rapidly in Europe. In particular, Austria, Switzerland the higher external environmental costs of PV compared to those of nuclear energy and natural-gas-fuel power,6]. They highlighted the photovoltaic potential for a low carbon energy supply and the environmental benefits of PV

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

44

Fixed Parameter Algorithms Daniel Marx  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, for example k-CLIQUE and k-INDEPENDENT SET, no FPT algorithm is known. Can we show that these problems if and only if it has a vertex cover of size n - k. Transforming an INDEPENDENT SET instance (G, k, but INDEPENDENT SET is not known to be FPT. Fixed Parameter Algorithms ­ p.5/41 #12;Parameterized reduction

Fondements et Applications, Université Paris 7

45

Fixed Parameter Algorithms Dniel Marx  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

complexity Problem: VERTEX COVER INDEPENDENT SET Input: Graph G, integer k Graph G, integer k Question-complete NP-complete Fixed Parameter Algorithms ­ p.3/40 #12;Parameterized complexity Problem: VERTEX COVER INDEPENDENT SET Input: Graph G, integer k Graph G, integer k Question: Is it possible to cover the edges

Narasayya, Vivek

46

POTATO - a program for generating perovskite structures distorted by tilting of rigid octahedra  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A program that, given the tilt system, tilt angles and octahedral bond distances, will calculate the ideal crystal structure for AMO3 and A2MM'O6 perovskites distorted by octahedral tilting is presented. See the Journal of Applied Crystallography Software List 1997.

Woodward, P.M.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Electronic properties of graphite in tilted magnetic fields  

SciTech Connect

The minimal nearest-neighbor tight-binding model with the Peierls substitution is employed to describe the electronic structure of Bernal-stacked graphite subject to tilted magnetic fields. We show that while the presence of the in-plane component of the magnetic field has a negligible effect on the Landau level structure at the K point of the graphite Brillouin zone, at the H point it leads to the experimentally observable splitting of Landau levels which grows approximately linearly with the in-plane field intensity.

Goncharuk, Nataliya A.; Smr?ka, Ludvík [Institute of Physics, Academy of Science of the Czech Republic, v. v. i., Cukrovarnická 10, 162 53 Praha 6 (Czech Republic)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

48

Tilting of the CuO6 octahedra in La1.83-xEu0.17SrxCuO4 as seen by Eu151 Mössbauer spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Eu151 Mössbauer studies of La1.83-xEu0.17SrxCuO4 for 0<~x<~0.26 exhibit a quadrupole interaction at the Eu site whose magnitude eQVzz strongly depends on both the Sr content x and the temperature T. For a fixed temperature, a linear relationship is obtained between the quadrupole interaction and the averaged CuO6 octahedra tilting angle determined from diffraction studies. The unusually large temperature dependence of eQVzz strongly indicates a temperature dependence of the local structure. In contrast to recent studies of the local structure La2CuO4-type superconductors by means of x-ray-absorption and neutron-scattering techniques, our data give strong evidence that the local octahedra tilting in La1.83-xEu0.17SrxCuO4 corresponds well to the average tilting obtained by diffraction techniques.

C. Friedrich; B. Büchner; M. M. Abd-Elmeguid; H. Micklitz

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

BROUWER'S FIXED POINT THEOREM JASPER DEANTONIO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BROUWER'S FIXED POINT THEOREM JASPER DEANTONIO Abstract. In this paper we prove Brouwer's Fixed be used to make three sequences which all have p as their limit point. Date: July 27, 2009. 1 #12;2 JASPER

May, J. Peter

50

Microelectromechanical apparatus for elevating and tilting a platform  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microelectromechanical (MEM) apparatus is disclosed which has a platform that can be elevated above a substrate and tilted at an arbitrary angle using a plurality of flexible members which support the platform and control its movement. Each flexible member is further controlled by one or more MEM actuators which act to bend the flexible member. The MEM actuators can be electrostatic comb actuators or vertical zip actuators, or a combination thereof. The MEM apparatus can include a mirror coating to form a programmable mirror for redirecting or switching one or more light beams for use in a projection display. The MEM apparatus with the mirror coating also has applications for switching light beams between optical fibers for use in a local area fiber optic network, or for use in fiber optic telecommunications or data communications systems.

Miller, Samuel Lee (Albuquerque, NM); McWhorter, Paul Jackson (Albuquerque, NM); Rodgers, Murray Steven (Albuquerque, NM); Sniegowski, Jeffry J. (Edgewood, NM); Barnes, Stephen M. (Albuquerque, NM)

2003-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

51

Experimental frequency-dependent rotordynamic coefficients for a load-on-pad, high-speed, flexible-pivot tilting-pad bearing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

others. Fig. 1 depicts a schematic of a conventional TP bearing with four pads and the basic geometric characteristics. R+Cp R+Cb R omega beta chi Bottom Pad Detail Geometric Definitions: Pad Preload=1-Cb/Cp Pad Offset=betachi Pad Leading edge... maximum rotordynamic stability [1]. TP bearings differ from fixed geometry journal bearings in that the pads are able to tilt freely about a pivot. The pivot configuration can be spherical, as illustrated in Fig. 1, rocker type, among others...

Rodriguez Colmenares, Luis Emigdio

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

52

Fixed Income Division Nomura International plc  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fixed Income Division © Nomura International plc Symmetry methods for quadratic Gaussian models International plc Outline Motivation The quadratic Gaussian distribution The quadratic Gaussian process The quadratic Gaussian model #12;Fixed Income Division 3© Nomura International plc Part 1 Motivation #12;Fixed

Macrina, Andrea

53

Fixed Rank Kriging A Fixed Rank Prediction Algorithm for Massive Spatial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fixed Rank Kriging A Fixed Rank Prediction Algorithm for Massive Spatial Data with Application, 2010 1 / 24 #12;Fixed Rank Kriging Outline Spatial model, assumptions and some implementation challenges. Summary of Fixed Rank Kriging by Cressie and Johannesson (2008). Propose algorithm to estimate

Gilbes, Fernando

54

Precision tip-tilt-piston actuator that provides exact constraint  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A precision device which can precisely actuate three degrees of freedom of an optic mount, commonly referred to as tip, tilt, and piston. The device consists of three identical flexure mechanisms, an optic mount to be supported and positioned, a structure that supports the flexure mechanisms, and three commercially available linear actuators. The advantages of the precision device is in the arrangement of the constraints offered by the flexure mechanism and not in the particular design of the flexure mechanisms, as other types of mechanisms could be substituted. Each flexure mechanism constrains two degrees of freedom in the plane of the mechanisms and one direction is actuated. All other degrees of freedom are free to move within the range of flexure mechanisms. Typically, three flexure mechanisms are equally spaced in angle about to optic mount and arranged so that each actuated degree of freedom is perpendicular to the plane formed by the optic mount. This arrangement exactly constrains the optic mount and allows arbitrary actuated movement of the plane within the range of the flexure mechanisms. Each flexure mechanism provides a mechanical advantage, typically on the order of 5:1, between the commercially available actuator and the functional point on the optic mount. This improves resolution by the same ratio and stiffness by the square of the ratio.

Hale, Layton C. (Livermore, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Biological fixed-film systems  

SciTech Connect

This paper includes reports on several biological fixed film systems in wastewater and hazardous waste treatment. Biological treatment of a refinery wastewater was studied in a rotating biological contactor (RBC) unit coupled with polyurethane foam (PUF) as a porous biomass support attached on both sides of the biodisks. The RBC-PUF bioreactor exhibited better performance than conventional RBCs for the removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD), NH{sub 3}-N, phenol, hydrocarbons, and suspended solids because of higher concentrations of active biomass. Successful performance of an anaerobic-aerobic treatment process using a combination of RCBs with activated sludge was achieved for treating a dye wastewater. Two high-rate trickling filters, cross-flow (CF) and vertical flow, were examined over a two year period for biological treatment of seafood processing wastewater. Results suggested superior performance of CF plastic media with substrate removal following a pseudo half-order kinetic reaction. Submerged structured packings in biofilm reactors were tested and characterized for a wide range of applications. Their efficiency was discussed in terms of contaminant removals and SS retention.

Chen, J.M.; Lim, B.S.; Al-Ghusain, I.A.; Hao, O.J.; Lin, C.F.; Davis, A.P.; Kim, M.H.; Huang, J.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

The role of tilted heating in the evolution of the MJO Cara-Lyn Lappen1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The role of tilted heating in the evolution of the MJO Cara-Lyn Lappen1 and Courtney Schumacher2 1 the role of tilted heating in the evolution of the MJO. It is believed that the inability of many general heating distributions. Given the MJO's importance in tropical climate, we need to better understand what

57

Latitude Based Model for Tilt Angle Optimization for Solar Collectors in the Mediterranean Region  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper inspects the different parameters that intervene in the determination of the optimal tilt angle for maximum solar energy collection. It proposes a method for calculating the optimal tilt angle based upon the values of the daily global solar radiation on a horizontal surface. A computer program using the mathematical model to calculate the solar radiation incident on an inclined surface as a function of the tilt angle is implemented. Four years data of daily global solar radiation on a horizontal surface in 35 sites in different countries of the Mediterranean region is used. The program assumes a due south orientation of the collectors and it determines the optimal tilt angle for maximum solar radiation collection for sites in the Mediterranean region. A regression analysis using the results of the computer simulation is conducted to develop a latitude based tilt angle optimization mathematical model for maximum solar radiation collection for the sites. We tested both a linear and a quadratic model (of the form ax2+bx) for representing the relationship between the annual optimal tilt angle and the site's latitude. The quadratic model is better; it provides very high prediction accuracy. 99.87% of the variation in the annual optimal tilt angle is explained by the variability in site's latitude with an average residual angle of only 0.96° for all 35 sites studied. It also gives an average percentage decrease in the annual solar radiation of only 0.016% when compared with actual optimal tilt angles.

Hassane Darhmaoui; Driss Lahjouji

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Estimation of 5-min solar global irradiation on tilted planes by ANN method in Bouzareah, Algeria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

], three main reasons make it impossible to develop a simple model for converting horizontal global solar surface The solar radiation arriving on a tilted collector has, most of the time, a beam component (nilEstimation of 5-min solar global irradiation on tilted planes by ANN method in Bouzareah, Algeria K

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

59

Head tilt during driving DANIEL C. ZIKOVITZ and LAURENCE R. HARRIS *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Head tilt during driving DANIEL C. ZIKOVITZ ² and LAURENCE R. HARRIS² * Departments of ² Biology and Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada Keywords: Driving behaviour; Head tilt; Vision with the visually-available estimate of the curvature of the road (r 2 = 0.86) but not with the centripetal force (r

Harris, Laurence R.

60

The Tilt of the Leading Edge of Mesoscale Tropical Convective Lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The tilt with height of the leading edge of seven mesoscale convective lines in GATE is determined by two independent methods. When averaged over time and along the line axis, the tilt is found to he surprisingly shallow, between 20 and 35 ...

M. A. LeMone; G. M. Barnes; E. J. Szoke; E. J. Zipser

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed tilt ground-mount" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Reading with fixed and variable character pitch  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We compared the effects of fixed and variable (proportional) spacing on reading speeds and found variable pitch to yield better performance at medium and large character sizes and...

Arditi, Aries; Knoblauch, Kenneth; Grunwald, Ilana

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

File:NREL-afg-10km-tilt.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

tilt.pdf tilt.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Afghanistan - Annual Flat Plate Tilted at Latitude Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 468 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Afghanistan - Annual Flat Plate Tilted at Latitude Description Afghanistan - Annual Flat Plate Tilted at Latitude Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-PV, Solar-10km Creation Date 2007-06-01 Extent International Countries Afghanistan UN Region Southern Asia File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:30, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:30, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (468 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

63

Fourier Accelerated Conjugate Gradient Lattice Gauge Fixing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide details of the first implementation of a non-linear conjugate gradient method for Landau and Coulomb gauge fixing with Fourier acceleration. We find clear improvement over the Fourier accelerated steepest descent method, with the average time taken for the algorithm to converge to a fixed, high accuracy, being reduced by a factor of 2 to 4.

R. J. Hudspith

2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

64

Fix-Up Loan | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fix-Up Loan Fix-Up Loan Fix-Up Loan < Back Eligibility Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Construction Design & Remodeling Heating Insulation Windows, Doors, & Skylights Energy Sources Buying & Making Electricity Solar Wind Sealing Your Home Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Maximum Rebate $35,000 (see exceptions below) Unsecured loans: $15,000 Program Info Funding Source Fix-Up Fund State Minnesota Program Type State Loan Program Rebate Amount $2,000 - $50,000 Provider Minnesota Housing Finance Agency The Minnesota Housing Finance Agency's (MHFA) Fix-up Loan provides low-interest financing for energy conservation and other basic improvements

65

The optimum tilt angle for flat-plate solar collectors in Iran  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper aims at determining the optimum tilt angle for south facing flat-plate solar collectors in Iran. Solar radiation on a horizontal surface was estimated by applying an empirical method and employing meteorological data from 80 selected cities. A mathematical model was used for estimating the solar radiation at different tilt angles. Daily monthly seasonally bi-annually and yearly optimum tilt angles and solar radiations were determined for 80 selected cities. Recommendations were made on the optimum tilt angle adjustment for different places in the country in order to benefit the best solar radiation available. The averaged benefits of annual solar radiation for 80 cities were 21.3% for daily 21% for monthly 19.6% for seasonal 19.3% for bi-annual and 13.3% for yearly adjustments compared with the radiation on the horizontal collector. Based on these results adjusting tilt angles at least twice a year is recommended. Optimum tilt angles for cloudy sky cities with a low clearness index are lower than those for cities at the same latitude angle having a higher clearness index. In addition to latitude angle the climate conditions are also important for determining the optimum tilt angle.

Farzad Jafarkazemi; S. Ali Saadabadi; Hadi Pasdarshahri

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Design and development of a 329-segment tip-tilt piston mirror array for space-based adaptive optics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design and development of a 329-segment tip-tilt piston mirror array for space-based adaptive. It consists of 329-hexagonal segments on a 600 m pitch, each with tip/tilt and piston degrees of freedom

67

Proto-CIRCUS Tilted-Coil Tokamak-Torsatron Hybrid: Design and Construction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the field-line modeling, design and construction of a prototype circular-coil tokamak-torsatron hybrid called Proto-CIRCUS. The device has a major radius R = 16 cm and minor radius a tokamak, but they are tilted. This, combined with induced or driven plasma current, is expected to generate rotational transform, as seen in field-line tracing and equilibrium calculations. The device is expected to operate at lower plasma current than a tokamak of comparable size and magnetic field, which might have interesting implications for disruptions and steady-state operation. Additionally, the toroidal magnetic ripple is less pronounced than in an equivalent tokamak in which the coils are not tilted. The tilted coils are interlocked, resulting in a relatively low aspect ratio, and can be moved, both radially and in tilt angle, between discharges. This capability will be exploited for detailed comparisons between calculations and field-line mapping me...

Clark, A W; Hammond, K C; Kornbluth, Y; Spong, D A; Sweeney, R; Volpe, F A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Tilt-up concrete panels : an investigation of flexural stresses and punching shear during lifting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tilt-up construction is becoming more popular in the United States due to its ease of construction, reliability, and relatively low construction and maintenance costs. In its most typical form, a concrete panel is cast on ...

Bono, Matthew P. (Matthew Paul)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Stacking-velocity inversion with borehole constraints for tilted TI media Xiaoxiang Wang1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- ing an accurate anisotropic velocity model remains a challenging problem. For TI models, transverse isotropy with a tilted symmetry axis TTI is an ap- propriate model for dipping shale layers near

Tsvankin, Ilya

70

A Novel Computational Model for Tilting Pad Journal Bearings with Soft Pivot Stiffnesses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A novel tilting pad journal bearing model including pivot flexibility as well as temporal fluid inertia effects on the thin film fluid flow aims to accurately predict the bearing forced performance. The predictive model also accounts for the thermal...

Tao, Yujiao 1988-

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

71

Rotordynamic and thermal analyses of compliant flexure pivot tilting pad gas bearings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-free micro turbomachinery. The pad radial compliance was for accommodation of large rotor growth at high speeds. Parametric studies on pivot offset, preload, and tilting stiffness were performed using non-linear orbit simulations and coast-down simulations...

Sim, Kyu-Ho

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

72

RaisingRivals'FixedCosts Matthew Olczak  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. In addition much of the recent Industrial Organisation literature has focused on the importance of sunk costs, whereas this paper considers fixed costs that do not have to be sunk costs. A set of guidelines produced

Feigon, Brooke

73

Fixed target facility at the SSC  

SciTech Connect

The question of whether a facility for fixed target physics should be provided at the SSC must be answered before the final technical design of the SSC can be completed, particularly if the eventual form of extraction would influence the magnet design. To this end, an enthusiastic group of experimentalists, theoreticians and accelerator specialists have studied this point. The accelerator physics issues were addressed by a group led by E. Colton whose report is contained in these proceedings. The physics addressable by fixed target was considered by many of the Physics area working groups and in particular by the Structure Function Group. This report is the summary of the working group which considered various SSC fixed target experiments and determined which types of beams and detectors would be required. 13 references, 5 figures.

Loken, S.C.; Morfin, J.G.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

File:NREL-bhutan-10kmsolar-tilt.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

kmsolar-tilt.pdf kmsolar-tilt.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Bhutan - Annual - Flat PlateTilted at Latitude Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 333 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Bhutan - Annual - Flat PlateTilted at Latitude Solar Radiation Description Bhutan - Annual - Flat PlateTilted at Latitude Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-PV, Solar-10km Creation Date 2009-03-03 Extent International Countries Bhutan UN Region Southern Asia File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:51, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:51, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (333 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

75

Essential and Fixed Oils of Kansas Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

’ Center for Digital Scholarship. http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Submitted to the University of Kansas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts EARL J. WELLINGTON E s s e n t i a l and F i x e d Oi l s of K a n s a... s Plants ESSENTIAL AND FIXED OILS OP KANSAS PLANTS. R0D1D7 HIODM The following report deals with those Kansas plants (one or two trees included) which are known to y i e l d or are suspected of yielding essential and fixed o i l s . Ho cultivated...

Wellington, Earl J.

1908-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Solar: monthly latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution for Bangladesh  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution for Bangladesh latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution for Bangladesh from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude for Bangladesh. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the collector location. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The

77

Solar: annual and seasonal average latitude tilt GIS data (contours) for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

latitude tilt GIS data (contours) for latitude tilt GIS data (contours) for Brazil from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Annual and seasonal mean of Latitude Tilt Solar Radiation in kWh/m2/day based on data from 1995 to 2002 (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders (Supplemental Information): The cross-calibration process worked with data from 3 ground stations: Caicó (located in the Northeast of Brazil), Florianópolis (located in the South) and Balbina (located in Amazonia). These data have been used for validation and comparison of radiation transfer models operated in SWERA to estimate the incidence of solar radiation on the surface of the country from satellite images

78

Solar: monthly and annual latitude tilt horizontal GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

latitude tilt horizontal GIS data at 40km latitude tilt horizontal GIS data at 40km resolution for Nepal from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude for Nepal. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the collector location. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The

79

Experimental investigation of line-tying effects on the spheromak tilt mode  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the absence of close fitting walls or conducting elements, the spheromak plasma configuration is unstable to at least one global MHD mode (tilting or shifting). Previous theoretical work suggested that line-tying effects could play a role in slowing down these modes. Line-tying was investigated in the Proto S-1/C spheromak device by a direct measurement of the line-tying character of the perturbed current within a passive stabilizer. The ring model of tilting is extended to include line-tying stabilization by taking into account the plasma sheath resistance. Comparison with experimental results show good agreement between predicted and observed growth rates.

F.J. Wysocki

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Stabilizing Effect of Finite-Gyroradius Beam Particles on the Tilting Mode of Spheromaks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The equilibrium shape of a low-pressure spheromak plasma with a small component of toroidal current carried by finite-gyroradius particles is computed. The stabilizing influence of this current on the tilting mode is determined by employing an energy principle that includes gyroscopic and finite-gyroradius effects.

R. N. Sudan and P. K. Kaw

1981-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed tilt ground-mount" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Roughness of a tilted anharmonic string at depinning T. Goodman1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a string with a net average tilt, we demonstrate that the anhar- monic elastic energy crosses the model renormalization group calculation by Le Doussal and Wiese [8] argued that the quenched KPZ term can indeed with zero average and unit vari- ance, f is a uniform external driving force, and Eel is the elastic energy

Teitel, Stephen L.

82

Identification of Avalanche Precursors by Acoustic Probing in the Bulk of Tilted Granular Layers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Identification of Avalanche Precursors by Acoustic Probing in the Bulk of Tilted Granular Layers M simultaneously caracterize precursors on the free surface with an optical method and in the bulk with acoustic to probe rearrangements in the bulk of the granular material. A linear method can also be used provided

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

83

Friction in (im-)miscible polymer brush systems and the role of transverse polymer-tilting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Friction in (im-)miscible polymer brush systems and the role of transverse polymer-tilting Sissi de preferred solvent, leading to low friction and low wear rates. Here, we demonstrate, using molecular systems also show smaller friction than miscible systems, although the friction reduction is less than

Mueser, Martin

84

Application of the Cubed-Sphere Grid to Tilted Black-Hole Accretion Disks  

SciTech Connect

In recent work we presented the first results of global general relativistic magnetohydrodynamic (GRMHD) simulations of tilted (or misaligned) accretion disks around rotating black holes. The simulated tilted disks showed dramatic differences from comparable untilted disks, such as asymmetrical accretion onto the hole through opposing 'plunging streams' and global precession of the disk powered by a torque provided by the black hole. However, those simulations used a traditional spherical-polar grid that was purposefully underresolved along the pole, which prevented us from assessing the behavior of any jets that may have been associated with the tilted disks. To address this shortcoming we have added a block-structured 'cubed-sphere' grid option to the Cosmos++ GRMHD code, which will allow us to simultaneously resolve the disk and polar regions. Here we present our implementation of this grid and the results of a small suite of validation tests intended to demonstrate that the new grid performs as expected. The most important test in this work is a comparison of identical tilted disks, one evolved using our spherical-polar grid and the other with the cubed-sphere grid. We also demonstrate an interesting dependence of the early-time evolution of our disks on their orientation with respect to the grid alignment. This dependence arises from the differing treatment of current sheets within the disks, especially whether they are aligned with symmetry planes of the grid or not.

Fragile, P C; Lindner, C C; Anninos, P; Salmonson, J D

2008-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

85

Fixed target electroweak and hard scattering physics  

SciTech Connect

The possibilities for future physics and experiments involving weak and electromagnetic interactions, neutrino oscillations, general hard scattering and experiments involving nuclear targets were explored. The studies were limited to the physics accessible using fixed target experimentation. While some of the avenues explored turn out to be relatively unrewarding in the light of competition elsewhere in the world, there are a number of positive conclusions reached about experimentation in the energy range available to the Main Injector and Tevatron. Some of the experiments would benefit from the increased intensity available from the Tevatron utilizing the Main Injector, while some require this increase. Finally, some of the experiments would use the Main Injector low energy, high intensity extracted beams directly. A program of electroweak and hard scattering experiments at fixed target energies retains the potential for important contributions to physics. The key to major parts of this program would appear to be the existence of the Main Injector. 115 refs, 17 figs.

Brock, R. (Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (USA)); Brown, C.N.; Montgomery, H.E. (Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (USA)); Corcoran, M.D. (eds.) (Rice Univ., Houston, TX (USA))

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Sun Harvest Solar Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Project Solar Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Sun Harvest Solar Project Facility Sun Harvest Solar Project Sector Solar Facility Type Fixed Tilt Ground-Mount Owner EnXco Developer EnXco Energy Purchaser Fresno Adventist Academy Address 5397 E. Olive Ave Location Fresno, CA Coordinates 36.759326°, -119.711475° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.759326,"lon":-119.711475,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

87

Black River Farm Solar Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Farm Solar Project Farm Solar Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Black River Farm Solar Project Facility Black River Farm Solar Project Sector Solar Facility Type Fixed Tilt Ground-Mount & Roof-Mount Owner EnXco Developer EnXco Energy Purchaser Black River Farm Location Hunterdon County, New Jersey Coordinates 40.5669515°, -74.9208772° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.5669515,"lon":-74.9208772,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

88

Sacramento Soleil Solar Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Project Solar Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Sacramento Soleil Solar Project Facility Sacramento Soleil Solar Project Sector Solar Facility Type Fixed Tilt Ground-Mount Owner EnXco Developer EnXco Energy Purchaser Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) Address 13345 Apple Road Location Wilton, CA Coordinates 38.449383°, -121.164657° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.449383,"lon":-121.164657,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

89

Belle Mead Solar Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mead Solar Project Mead Solar Project (Redirected from Carrier Clinic) Jump to: navigation, search Name Belle Mead Solar Project Facility Belle Mead Solar Project Sector Solar Facility Type Ground-mount fixed tilt solar array Owner EnXco Developer EnXco Energy Purchaser Carrier Clinic Location Belle Mead, New Jersey Coordinates 40.4667713°, -74.6607144° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.4667713,"lon":-74.6607144,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

90

Belle Mead Solar Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Belle Mead Solar Project Belle Mead Solar Project Facility Belle Mead Solar Project Sector Solar Facility Type Ground-mount fixed tilt solar array Owner EnXco Developer EnXco Energy Purchaser Carrier Clinic Location Belle Mead, New Jersey Coordinates 40.4667713°, -74.6607144° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.4667713,"lon":-74.6607144,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

91

Protection Programming Defensive Planning for Fixed Facilities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NOT MEASUREMENT NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE STD-1207-2012 December 2012 DOE STANDARD Protection Program Defensive Planning For Fixed Facilities U.S. Department of Energy AREA SANS Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DOE STD-1207-2012 This Page Intentionally Left Blank ii DOE STD-1207-2012 TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD..................................................................................................................................v PROTECTION PROGRAM DEFENSIVE PLANNING ..........................................................1 1. SCOPE............................................................................................................................ 1 2. PURPOSE. ..................................................................................................................... 1

92

Evaluation of solar energy resources by establishing empirical models for diffuse solar radiation on tilted surface and analysis for optimum tilt angle for a prospective location in southern region of Sindh, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Diffuse solar radiation data is very important and is required for solar energy system implementations. The main purpose of the present study is to evaluate solar energy resources by establishing diffuse solar radiation models and obtaining optimum tilt angle fora prospective location is southern region of Sindh, Pakistan. Due to the unavailability of measured diffuse solar radiation data, nine new models, based on available data from local agency and values obtain from existing models, to predict diffuse solar radiation on tilted surface has been established. The best model was chosen based on test results from statistical indicators. The optimum tilt angle for monthly, seasonally, half-yearly and yearly adjustment was determined. The optimum tilt angle varies from 0° in May, June and July to 49° in December. The yearly optimum tilt angle was found as 23°, which is close to latitude of investigated location (25°07?N). The monthly average total, beam and diffuse solar radiations were calculated for optimum and vertical tilted surfaces and were compared with those obtain for horizontal surfaces. The half-yearly adjustment of optimum tilt angle is recommended for the investigated location because very small difference in annual solar energy gains in comparison with monthly or seasonal adjustment. The total annual energy for completer year and for four seasons of the year was calculated and found that maximum total annual energy is obtained at optimum tilt angle.

Shahnawaz Farhan Khahro; Kavita Tabbassum; Shahnawaz Talpur; Mohammad Bux Alvi; Xiaozhong Liao; Lei Dong

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Neutron Electric Dipole Moment at Fixed Topology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the finite volume effects of CP-odd quantities, such as the neutron electric dipole moment and the anapole moment in the $\\theta$-vacuum, under different topological sectors. We evaluate the three-point Green's functions for the electromagnetic current in a fixed non-trivial topological sector in order to extract these CP-odd observables. We discuss the role of zero modes in the CP-odd Green's function and show that, in the quenched approximation, there is a power divergence in the quark mass for CP-odd quantities at finite volume.

Keh-Fei Liu

2008-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

94

Fixed point theorems in ultrametric spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Point Theorems in Ultrametric Spaces. (May 1972) Steven E. Fullbright, B. A. , Texas A&M University M. S. , Texas A&M University Directed by: L. F. Guseman, Jr. and Jack Bryant Let (X, d) be an ultrametric space and f a contractive selfmap of X.... It is shown that the existence of fixed points of f is related to simple properties of the metric d. iv ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I wish to thank the following people for their assistance and support in writing this thesis: Larry Guseman, who provided guidance...

Fullbright, Steven Edward

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

95

Fixed Target Beauty Physics Experimental Programs  

SciTech Connect

The current and near term future fixed target physics efforts in observing particles with open beauty are reviewed. This includes a compilation of the non-observation upper limits and the observation of both upsilon and b-states. A short discussion of the theoretical predictions for the hadro-produced beauty pairs is included. The major part of this review is devoted to the techniques and tricks employed, a survey of the current and proposed experiments. A personal summary of the experimental prospects concludes this report. 28 refs., 26 figs.

Garbincius, P.H.

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

FIXED PRICE RESIDUAL FUNDS POLICY Policy dated March 29, 1999  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FIXED PRICE RESIDUAL FUNDS POLICY Policy dated March 29, 1999 After completion of all deliverables required under a fixed-price award, after costs in fulfilling the requirements of the award have been

Weston, Ken

97

Note on R&D expenditures and fixed capital formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we deal with the fixed capital nature of the means of production and ... . We argue that these R&D current expenditures typically have the nature of fixed investments. ... then present an empirical ...

Mario De Marchi; Maurizio Rocchi

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

AAC R14-2 - Fixed Utilities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fixed Utilities Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: AAC R14-2 - Fixed UtilitiesLegal Abstract This chapter...

99

Molecular Simulation of Fracture Dynamics of Symmetric Tilt Grain Boundaries in Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Atomistic simulations were utilized to obtain microscopic information of the elongation process in graphene sheets consisting of various embedded symmetric tilt grain boundaries (GBs). In contrast to pristine graphene, these GBs fractured in an extraordinary pattern under transverse uniaxial elongation in all but the largest misorientation angle case, which exhibited intermittent crack propagation and formed many stringy residual connections after quasi mechanical failure. The strings known as monoatomic carbon chains (MACCs), whose importance was recently highlighted, gradually extended to a maximum of a few nanometers as the elongation proceeded. These features, which critically affect the tensile stress and the shape of stress-strain curve, were observed in both armchair and zigzag-oriented symmetric tilt GBs. However, there exist remarkable differences in the population density and the achievable length of MACCs appearing after quasi mechanical failure which were higher in the zigzag-oriented GBs. In addi...

Jhon, Young In; Smith, Robert; Jhon, Myung S

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Inversion of azimuthally dependent NMO velocity in transversely isotropic media with a tilted axis of symmetry  

SciTech Connect

Just as the transversely isotropic model with a vertical symmetry axis (VTI media) is typical for describing horizontally layered sediments, transverse isotropy with a tilted symmetry axis (TTI) describes dipping TI layers (such as tilted shale beds near salt domes) or crack systems. P-wave kinematic signatures in TTI media are controlled by the velocity V{sub PO} in the symmetry direction, Thomsen's anisotropic coefficients {xi} and {delta}, and the orientation (tilt {nu} and azimuth {beta}) of the symmetry axis. Here, the authors show that all five parameters can be obtained from azimuthally varying P-wave NMO velocities measured for two reflectors with different dips and/or azimuths (one of the reflectors can be horizontal). The shear-wave velocity V{sub SO} in the symmetry direction, which has negligible influence on P-wave kinematic signatures, can be found only from the moveout of shear waves. Using the exact NMO equation, the authors examine the propagation of errors in observed moveout velocities into estimated values of the anisotropic parameters and establish the necessary conditions for a stable inversion procedure. Since the azimuthal variation of the NMO velocity is elliptical, each reflection event provides them with up to three constraints on the model parameters. Generally, the five parameters responsible for P-wave velocity can be obtained from two P-wave ellipses, but the feasibility of the moveout inversion strongly depends on the tilt {nu}. While most of the analysis is carried out for a single layer, the authors also extend the inversion algorithm to vertically heterogeneous TTI media above a dipping reflector using the generalized Dix equation. A synthetic example for a strongly anisotropic, stratified TTI medium demonstrates a high accuracy of the inversion.

Grechka, V.; Tsvankin, I.

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed tilt ground-mount" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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101

Existence of the Wigner function with correct marginal distributions along tilted lines on a lattice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to determine the Wigner function uniquely, we introduce a new condition which ensures that the Wigner function has correct marginal distributions along tilted lines. For a system in $N$ dimensional Hilbert space, whose "phase space" is a lattice with $N^2$ sites, we get different results depending on whether $N$ is odd or even. Under the new condition, the Wigner function is determined if $N$ is an odd number, but it does not exist if $N$ is even.

Minoru Horibe; Akiyoshi Takami; Takaaki Hashimoto; Akihisa Hayashi

2001-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

102

South America Latitude Tilted SR Solar Model from INPE and LABSOLAR |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Latitude Tilted SR Solar Model from INPE and LABSOLAR Latitude Tilted SR Solar Model from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Mean values of Latitude Tilted Solar Radiation in kWh/m2/day for 40km cells for 1 year (month, season, year) based on data from 1995 to 2005 (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders (Supplemental Information): The BRASIL-SR model (developed by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) and the ARCVIEW software were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files.The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed through the evaluation of the deviations shown by the estimated values for solar radiation flux vis-à-vis the values measured at the surface (ground truth). This evaluation was done in two phases. The first phase consisted in an inter-comparison between the core radiation transfer models adopted by the SWERA Project to map the solar energy in the various countries participating in the project. The HELIOSAT model took part in this phase like benchmark due to its employment to map solar energy resources in countries from European Union. In the second phase, the solar flux estimates provided by the BRASIL-SR model were compared with measured values acquired at several solarimetric stations spread along the Brazilian territory. The BRASIL-SR model is not validated for areas covered by snow.

103

On the computational content of the brouwer fixed point theorem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the computational content of the Brouwer Fixed Point Theorem in the Weihrauch lattice. One of our main results is that for any fixed dimension the Brouwer Fixed Point Theorem of that dimension is computably equivalent to connected choice of ...

Vasco Brattka; Stéphane Le Roux; Arno Pauly

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Integration of streaming and elastic traffic: a fixed point approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a fixed point approach to evaluate the quality of service of streaming traffic multiplexed with elastic traffic in multi-service networks. First, we handle elastic traffic and streaming traffic separately, and then we derive a general fixed ... Keywords: elastic traffic, fixed point, quality of service, streaming traffic

H. Hassan; O. Brun; J. M. Garcia; D. Gauchard

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Design and construction of a novel quad tilt-wing UAV E. Cetinsoy, S. Dikyar, C. Hancer, K.T. Oner, E. Sirimoglu, M. Unel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design and construction of a novel quad tilt-wing UAV E. Cetinsoy, S. Dikyar, C. Hancer, K.T. Oner 12 March 2012 Available online xxxx Keywords: UAV Quad tilt-wing Aerodynamic design Carbon composite VehIcle). SUAVI is an electric powered quad tilt-wing UAV that is capable of vertical takeoff

Ã?Â?nel, Mustafa

106

Investigation of failed fuel detection and location using a flux tilting method in a fast breeder reactor  

SciTech Connect

Detection and location of failed fuel in a liquid-metal fast breeder reactor (LMFBR) are very important both for safety and availability. When a fuel failure is detected, it is desirable to identify the failed subassembly quickly to reduce plant shutdown time. The flux tilting method is expected to effectively identify the defective subassembly. The feasibility of the flux tilting method is investigated for an LMFBR with a 100-MW (electric) homogeneous core. A numerical simulation is performed to estimate the viability of the flux tilting method, and a combination of the flux tilting method and the sipping method is found to be very effective in identifying the failed subassembly. In this paper a functional scheme for a computer-aided failed fuel detection and location system is discussed as part of a future on-line support system.

Hamada, M.; Uehara, K.; Muramatsu, K. (Japan Atomic Power Co., 1-6-1 Otemachi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100 (JP)); Kamei, T.; Tamaoki, T.; Yamaoka, M.; Sonada, Y.; Sano, Y. (Toshiba Corp., Nuclear Engineering Lab., 4-1 Ukishima-cho, Kawasaki-ku, Kawasaki 210 (JP))

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Measured and Predicted Rotor-Pad Transfer Functions for a Rocker-Pivot Tilting-Pad Journal Bearing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many researchers have compared predicted stiffness and damping coefficients for tilting-pad journal bearings (TPJBs) to measurements. Most have found that direct damping is consistently overpredicted. The thrust of this research is to explain...

Wilkes, Jason Christopher

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

108

Real-time vibration measurement by a spatial phase-shifting technique with a tilted holographic interferogram  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Real-time vibration measurement by a tilted holographic interferogram is presented that utilizes the real-time digital fringe processor of a video signal. Three intensity data sampled...

Nakadate, Suezou; Isshiki, Masaki

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Entanglement, avoided crossings, and quantum chaos in an Ising model with a tilted magnetic field  

SciTech Connect

We study a one-dimensional Ising model with a magnetic field and show that tilting the field induces a transition to quantum chaos. We explore the stationary states of this Hamiltonian to show the intimate connection between entanglement and avoided crossings. In general, entanglement gets exchanged between the states undergoing an avoided crossing with an overall enhancement of multipartite entanglement at the closest point of approach, simultaneously accompanied by diminishing two-body entanglement as measured by concurrence. We find that both for stationary as well as nonstationary states, nonintegrability leads to a destruction of two-body correlations and distributes entanglement more globally.

Karthik, J.; Sharma, Auditya; Lakshminarayan, Arul [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600036 (India)

2007-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

110

FLASH seminar -14/01/08 Eduard Prat, DESY Beam tilt studies at FLASH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

generated different vertical bumps at BPM9ACC1. For each bump we measured: -Dispersion from ACC1 -Beam tilt.6 -0.4 -0.2 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 V1GUN (23-10-07) #BPM Orbitresponse[mm/mrad] 1mrad model 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 V3GUN (23-10-07) #BPM Orbitresponse[mm/mrad] 1mrad model 0 2 4 6

111

An experimental investigation of a tilt rotor aircraft wake in ground effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Sktlld dS t' 1, "~Et 18, 6 (1975), pp. 51-673. Hunt, J. C. R. , Poulton, E. C. , and Mumford, J. C. , "The Effects of Wldppl:Sd't*l Bd tldt lt*p*' t, "~Bi1di Environment, 11 (1976), pp. 15-28. 50 VITA gichael Louis Frey III was born January 4, 1957...EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF A TILT ROTOR AIRCRAFT WAKE IN GROUND EFFECT A Thesis by MICHAEL LOUIS FREY III Submi. tted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER...

Frey, Michael Louis

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Solar heat gain coefficient of complex fenestrations with a venetian blind for differing slat tilt angles  

SciTech Connect

Measured bidirectional transmittances and reflectances of a buff-colored venetian blind together with a layer calculation scheme developed in previous publications are utilized to produce directional-hemispherical properties for the venetian blind layer and solar heat gain coefficients for the blind in combination with clear double glazing. Results are presented for three blind slat tilt angles and for the blind mounted either interior to the double glazing or between the glass panes. Implications of the results for solar heat gain calculations are discussed in the context of sun positions for St. Louis, MO.

Klems, J.H.; Warner, J.L.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Heliostat tilt and azimuth angle charts and the heliostat orientation protractor  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that using cartesian heliostat field coordinates analytical expressions were derived for the heliostat tilt angle s, and heliostat azimuth angle {gamma} (clockwise from south). These expressions are dependent on the field cartesian coordinates of the center of the heliostat and the solar zenith and azimuth angles (clockwise from south), {theta}{sub z} and {Psi}, respectively. Here, cylindrical coordinates are conveniently used to derive the expressions for the heliostat angles s and {gamma}. The expression of {gamma}is used to construct the so-called heliostat orientation protractor. The protractor is a useful tool to determine the instantaneous heliostat azimuth angle as will be illustrated.

Elsayed, M.M.; Al-Rabghi, O.M. (Thermal Energy Dept., King Abdulaziz Univ., Jeddah 21413 (SA))

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Apparatus for fixed bed coal gasification  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for fixed-bed coal gasification is described in which coal such as caking coal is continuously pyrolyzed with clump formation inhibited, by combining the coal with a combustible gas and an oxidant, and then continually feeding the pyrolyzed coal under pressure and elevated temperature into the gasification region of a pressure vessel. The materials in the pressure vessel are allowed to react with the gasifying agents in order to allow the carbon contents of the pyrolyzed coal to be completely oxidized. The combustion of gas produced from the combination of coal pyrolysis and gasification involves combining a combustible gas coal and an oxidant in a pyrolysis chamber and heating the components to a temperature of at least 1600.degree. F. The products of coal pyrolysis are dispersed from the pyrolyzer directly into the high temperature gasification region of a pressure vessel. Steam and air needed for gasification are introduced in the pressure vessel and the materials exiting the pyrolyzer flow down through the pressure vessel by gravity with sufficient residence time to allow any carbon to form carbon monoxide. Gas produced from these reactions are then released from the pressure vessel and ash is disposed of.

Sadowski, Richard S. (Greenville, SC)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Diesel Particulate Oxidation Model: Combined Effects of Fixed...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Volatile Carbon Diesel Particulate Oxidation Model: Combined Effects of Fixed & Volatile Carbon Poster presented at the 16th Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research...

116

Solar: monthly and annual average latitude tilt irradiance GIS data at  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

irradiance GIS data at irradiance GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASA/SSE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Latitude Tilt Irradiance NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Jan 2008)22-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005) Parameter: Latitude Tilt Radiation (kWh/m^2/day) Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/ Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections online Note 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; positive values are north and east. Boundaries of the -90/-180 region are -90 to -89 (south) and -180 to -179 (west). The last region, 89/180, is bounded by 89 to 90 (north) and 179 to 180 (east). The mid-point of the region is +0.5 added to the the Lat/Lon value. These data are regional averages; not point data.

117

Numerical study of tilt stability of prolate field-reversed configurations  

SciTech Connect

Global stability of the Field-Reversed Configuration (FRC) has been investigated numerically using both 3D MHD and hybrid (fluid electron and delta f particle ion) simulations. The stabilizing effects of velocity shear and large ion orbits on the n = 1 internal tilt mode in the prolate FRCs have been studied. Sheared rotation is found to reduce the growth rate, however a large rotation rate with Mach number of M greater than or approximately equal to 1 is required in order for significant reduction in the instability growth rate to occur. Kinetic effects associated with large thermal ion orbits have been studied for different kinetic equilibria. These simulations show that there is a reduction in the tilt mode growth rate due to finite ion Larmor radius (FLR) effects, but complete linear stability has not been found, even when the thermal ion gyroradius is comparable to the distance between the field null and the separatrix. The instability existing beyond the FLR theory threshold could be due to the resonant interaction of the wave with ions whose Doppler shifted frequency matches the betatron frequency.

E. V. Belova; S. C. Jardin; H. Ji, M. Yamada; R. Kulsrud

2000-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

118

Optimal solar-PV tilt angle and azimuth: An Ontario (Canada) case-study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this article is to determine the tilt angle and azimuth for a photovoltaic panel in Ontario (Canada) at which revenue is maximised. Measured and modelled solar radiation data, simulated photovoltaic panel performance, hourly electricity market data and details regarding pricing regimes from 2003 to 2008 are used to study two different locations. In all instances, the desired tilt angle is slightly less than latitude (depending upon the particular pricing regime, between 36° and 38° for Ottawa, which is at a latitude of 45°N, and between 32° and 35° for Toronto, which is at a latitude of 44°N), and the desired azimuth is close to due south (depending upon the particular pricing regime, between 4° west of due south and 6° east of due south for Ottawa, and between 1° west of due south and 2° east of due south for Toronto). In conclusion, the importance of solar electricity – particularly valuable because of when it is produced and where it can be produced – is highlighted, as are future priorities for research.

Ian H. Rowlands; Briana Paige Kemery; Ian Beausoleil-Morrison

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

CONSTRUCTION OF MULTIPLY FIXED n-VALUED MAPS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONSTRUCTION OF MULTIPLY FIXED n-VALUED MAPS Robert F. Brown Department of Mathematics University of California Los Angeles, CA 90095-1555 e-mail: rfb@math.ucla.edu September 29, 2014 Abstract A self-map, either single-valued or multi-valued, is multiply fixed if every map homotopic to it has at least two

Brown, Robert F.

120

PRESSURIZATION OF FIXED ROOF STORAGE TANKS DUE TO EXTERNAL FIRES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PRESSURIZATION OF FIXED ROOF STORAGE TANKS DUE TO EXTERNAL FIRES Fabien FouiHen, INERIS, Parc. Reflections led on this accident have pushed to consider the phenomenon of tank pressurization as a potential initiating event of the fire ball observed. In concrete terms, when a fixed roof storage tank is surrounded

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed tilt ground-mount" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Steady periodic waves bifurcating for fixed-depth rotational flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-current interactions [29, 37] or flows generated by wind-shear [30] (see [6] for a comprehensive discussion than the mass-flux. It is important to note that fixing the mass-flux p0 does not fix the depth d

122

Portfolio optimization with linear and fixed transaction costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Portfolio optimization with linear and fixed transaction costs Miguel Sousa Lobo1 Maryam Fazel2 optimization with linear and fixed transaction costs Abstract We consider the problem of portfolio selection of the return, and bounds on different shortfall probabilities are efficiently handled by convex optimization

123

Fixed Capital Investment Tax Credit (Connecticut) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fixed Capital Investment Tax Credit (Connecticut) Fixed Capital Investment Tax Credit (Connecticut) Fixed Capital Investment Tax Credit (Connecticut) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Provider Connecticut Department of Economic and Community Development The Fixed Capital Investment Tax Credit allows a tax credit of 5% of the amount paid for any new fixed capital investment. Companies with fewer than 800 full-time employees may take a tax credit for machinery and equipment purchased and installed in a facility. The credit is based on a percentage of the amount spent on machinery that exceeds the amount spend on machinery

124

Solar: monthly and annual average latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from NREL Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude for Ghana. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to

125

Brazil Latitude Tilted Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR 40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Latitude tilted solar radiation in kWh/m2/day for 1 year organized into cells with 40km x 40km (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders (Supplemental Information): The BRASIL-SR model and the SPRING software (both developed by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files.The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed through the evaluation of the deviations shown by the estimated values for solar radiation flux vis-à-vis the values measured at the surface (ground truth). This evaluation was done in two phases. The first phase

126

Solar: monthly and annual average latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude, for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the collector location. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The

127

Tilt and shift mode stability in a spheromak with a flux core  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The stability of spheromak equilibria with a flux core or reversal coil is studied by means of an ideal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) code. Results depend critically upon whether the flux hole region (the current free area just inside the separatrix) is treated as a perfectly conducting plasma or as a vacuum. This indicates that the tilt and shift modes persist as resistive instabilities if they are stable in ideal MHD. Specifically for nonoptimally shaped equilibria the flux core must nearly touch the current channel if the flux hole is a vacuum whereas the core may be slightly outside the separatrix if the flux hole has conducting plasma. A larger margin exists for optimally shaped equilibria.

John M. Finn

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

A new compact fixed-point blackbody furnace  

SciTech Connect

More and more NMIs are realizing their primary scale themselves with fixed-point blackbodies as their reference standard. However, commercially available fixed-point blackbody furnaces of sufficient quality are not always easy to obtain. CHINO Corp. and NMIJ, AIST jointly developed a new compact fixed-point blackbody furnace. The new furnace has such features as 1) improved temperature uniformity when compared to previous products, enabling better plateau quality, 2) adoption of the hybrid fixed-point cell structure with internal insulation to improve robustness and thereby to extend lifetime, 3) easily ejectable and replaceable heater unit and fixed-point cell design, leading to reduced maintenance cost, 4) interchangeability among multiple fixed points from In to Cu points. The replaceable cell feature facilitates long term maintenance of the scale through management of a group of fixed-point cells of the same type. The compact furnace is easily transportable and therefore can also function as a traveling standard for disseminating the radiation temperature scale, and for maintaining the scale at the secondary level and industrial calibration laboratories. It is expected that the furnace will play a key role of the traveling standard in the anticipated APMP supplementary comparison of the radiation thermometry scale.

Hiraka, K.; Oikawa, H.; Shimizu, T.; Kadoya, S.; Kobayashi, T. [CHINO CORPORATION, Itabashi, Tokyo (Japan)] [CHINO CORPORATION, Itabashi, Tokyo (Japan); Yamada, Y.; Ishii, J. [National Metrology Institute of Japan, AIST, Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan)] [National Metrology Institute of Japan, AIST, Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan)

2013-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

129

Optimization of Storage Location Assignment for Fixed Rack Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A multi-objective mathematical model and an improved Genetic Algorithm (GA) are formulated for storage location assignment of the fixed rack system. According to the assignment rules, ... efficiency and to keep t...

Qinghong Wu; Ying Zhang; Zongmin Ma

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Total effective dose equivalent associated with fixed uranium surface contamination  

SciTech Connect

This report provides the technical basis for establishing a uranium fixed-contamination action level, a fixed uranium surface contamination level exceeding the total radioactivity values of Appendix D of Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, part 835 (10CFR835), but below which the monitoring, posting, and control requirements for Radiological Areas are not required for the area of the contamination. An area of fixed uranium contamination between 1,000 dpm/100 cm{sup 2} and that level corresponding to an annual total effective dose equivalent (TEDE) of 100 mrem requires only routine monitoring, posting to alert personnel of the contamination, and administrative control. The more extensive requirements for monitoring, posting, and control designated by 10CFR835 for Radiological Areas do not have to be applied for these intermediate fixed-contamination levels.

Bogard, J.S.; Hamm, R.N.; Ashley, J.C.; Turner, J.E.; England, C.A.; Swenson, D.E.; Brown, K.S.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Fix photo here CSU Fullerton Exchange Program Application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fix photo here CSU Fullerton Exchange Program Application Instructions: Don't abbreviate. Answer purposes (check one) CA resident Non-Resident F-1 Visa Student Any photo that shows your face well will do

de Lijser, Peter

132

Orlando Utilities Commission- Home Energy Efficiency Fix-Up Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Orlando Utilities Commission's Home Energy Fix-Up Program provides assistance to low-income residential customers. To qualify for the program the total annual family income must be less than $40...

133

Complete Variable-Length \\Fix-Free" Codes David Gillman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Complete Variable-Length \\Fix-Free" Codes David Gillman Institute for Mathematics & Its-free codes Supported by NSF grant 9212184-CCR and Darpa contract N00014-92-J-1799. Email address: gillman

Rivest, Ronald L.

134

Thermodynamics of SU(3) gauge theory at fixed lattice spacing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study thermodynamics of SU(3) gauge theory at fixed scales on the lattice, where we vary temperature by changing the temporal lattice size N_t=(Ta_t)^{-1}. In the fixed scale approach, finite temperature simulations are performed on common lattice spacings and spatial volumes. Consequently, we can isolate thermal effects in observables from other uncertainties, such as lattice artifact, renormalization factor, and spatial volume effect. Furthermore, in the EOS calculations, the fixed scale approach is able to reduce computational costs for zero temperature subtraction and parameter search to find lines of constant physics, which are demanding in full QCD simulations. As a test of the approach, we study the thermodynamics of the SU(3) gauge theory on isotropic and anisotropic lattices. In addition to the equation of state, we calculate the critical temperature and the static quark free energy at a fixed scale.

T. Umeda; S. Ejiri; S. Aoki; T. Hatsuda; K. Kanaya; Y. Maezawa; H. Ohno

2008-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

135

Rotordynamic coefficients for a load-between-pad, flexible-pivot tilting pad bearing at high loads  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dynamic and static performance of a flexure-pivot tilting pad bearing is presented at a load between pad configuration for various load and speed combinations. A similar work performed on the same bearing at lower loads ranging from 0-1 MPa (0...

Hensley, John Eric

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

136

Atomic structure of the {sigma}5 (210)/[001] symmetric tilt grain boundary in yttrium aluminum garnet  

SciTech Connect

The {Sigma}5(210)/[100] symmetric tilt grain boundary in YAG was produced by UHV diffusion bonding precisely oriented single crystals. The boundary has been characterized by HREM along two different directions, parallel and perpendicular to the tilt axis. Models of the atomic structure of the boundary were formed following the Coincident Site Lattice scheme. The resulting models are equivalent to twins formed at the atomic scale. The high resolution images show no rigid crystal translations away from the perfect mirror reflection relation. Comparison of the simulated images using the atomic model as input with the experimental images identifies the plane of mirror symmetry. The atomic model is shown to be in good agreement with the experimental images when viewed parallel to tilt axis, but disagrees with the images perpendicular to tilt axis. Agreement between simulated and experimental images can be improved by changing the composition of the grain boundary with respect to the bulk. To reach a more certain conclusion on the structure of the grain boundary will require additional theoretical calculations.

Campbell, G.H.; King, W.E.

1996-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

137

First Flight Tests for a Quadrotor UAV with Tilting Propellers Markus Ryll, Heinrich H. Bulthoff, and Paolo Robuffo Giordano  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

First Flight Tests for a Quadrotor UAV with Tilting Propellers Markus Ryll, Heinrich H. B¨ulthoff, and Paolo Robuffo Giordano Abstract-- In this work we present a novel concept of a quadrotor UAV show the capabilities of this new UAV concept. I. INTRODUCTION Common UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

138

Limitations in solar module azimuth and tilt angles in building integrated photovoltaics at low latitude tropical sites in Brazil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Photovoltaic (PV) generation depends directly on the amount of radiation received by solar modules at a given temperature, and annual irradiation varies according to site location and PV array position. In this paper, the limitations and the solar irradiation levels received by building surfaces in different positions (with azimuth and tilt angle variation) in capital cities in Brazil are shown, making use of the Brazilian global horizontal solar irradiation data provided by the SWERA (Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment) project. These data were processed to generate figures on the irradiation at various PV module orientations and slopes for each city, which show the relative radiation levels received on specific azimuth and tilt angles in relation to the ideal position. Results were validated using four real and operating PV systems. In general, variations in azimuth or slope did not cause large annual irradiation losses up to around 20° tilt angles. This shows to PV system planners that under these fairly flexible conditions it is possible to install PV on any orientation, keeping high levels of annual irradiation, and that limitations in orientation and tilt can be relatively low. It also allows a quick analysis of PV retrofit in building-applied photovoltaics (BAPV), when seeking the best building surfaces to incorporate PV.

Ísis Portolan dos Santos; Ricardo Rüther

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

6I).-TIEE TENCII RECORUITlENDED P O R CULTIIVATION I N SWEDEN. ]By FIEIY TILtYICLQRI.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6I).-TIEE TENCII RECORUITlENDED P O R CULTIIVATION I N SWEDEN. ]By FIEIY TILtYICLQRI. In Sweden \\vu pounds]. I n Sweden, when 'in suitable waters, like thoso in the northern part of the province of Snitlland, it reaches e weight of 6: or more pounds. I do not lrxiow how fast it grows in Sweden in a free

140

FlIGHT PATH FOLLOWING GUIDANCE FOR UNMANNED AIR VEHICLES WITH PAN-TILT CAMERA FOR TARGET OBSERVATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Autonomous Vehicle (UAV) is equipped with a nose-mounted camera capable of pan and tilt rotation is affected by wind. Furthermore, the relative position of the sun can lead to glare and image overexposure. While the effect of wind can be improved by commanding a sideslip angle, image overexposure is avoided

Washington at Seattle, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed tilt ground-mount" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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141

Cone-beam mammo-computed tomography from data along two tilting arcs Hengyong Yu,b  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cone-beam mammo-computed tomography from data along two tilting arcs Kai Zeng,a Hengyong Yu . To address this problem, x-ray tomosynthesis and cone-beam computed tomography CT are two compelling from a limited num- ber of projections.4 Since its introduction in 1972, the area of tomosynthesis has

Virginia Tech

142

M/L{sub B} AND COLOR EVOLUTION FOR A DEEP SAMPLE OF M* CLUSTER GALAXIES AT z {approx} 1: THE FORMATION EPOCH AND THE TILT OF THE FUNDAMENTAL PLANE , ,  

SciTech Connect

We have measured velocity dispersions ({sigma}) for a sample of 36 galaxies with J < 21.2 or M{sub r} < -20.6 mag in MS 1054-03, a massive cluster of galaxies at z = 0.83. Our data are of uniformly high quality down to our selection limit, our 16 hr exposures typically yielding errors of only {delta}({sigma}) {approx} 10% for L* and fainter galaxies. By combining our measurements with data from the literature, we have 53 cluster galaxies with measured dispersions, and HST/ACS-derived sizes, colors and surface brightness. This sample is complete for the typical L* galaxy at z {approx} 1, unlike most previous z {approx} 1 cluster samples which are complete only for the massive cluster members (>10{sup 11} M{sub sun}). We find no evidence for a change in the tilt of the fundamental plane (FP). Nor do we find evidence for evolution in the slope of the color-{sigma} relation and M/L{sub B} -{sigma} relations; measuring evolution at a fixed {sigma} should minimize the impact of structural evolution found in other work. The M/L{sub B} at fixed {sigma} evolves by {Delta}log{sub 10} M/L{sub B} = -0.50 {+-} 0.03 between z = 0.83 and z = 0.02 or dlog{sub 10} M/L{sub B} = -0.60 {+-} 0.04 dz, and we find {Delta}(U - V){sub z} = -0.24 {+-} 0.02 mag at fixed {sigma} in the rest frame, matching the expected evolution in M/L{sub B} within 2.25 standard deviations. The implied formation redshift from both the color and M/L{sub B} evolution is z{sub *} = 2.0 {+-} 0.2 {+-} 0.3(sys), during the epoch in which the cosmic star formation activity peaked, with the systematic uncertainty showing the dependence of z{sub *} on the assumptions we make about the stellar populations. The lack of evolution in either the tilt of the FP or in the M/L-{sigma} and color-{sigma} relations imply that the formation epoch depends weakly on mass, ranging from z{sub *} = 2.3{sup +1.3}{sub -0.3} at {sigma} = 300 km s{sup -1} to z{sub *} = 1.7{sup +0.3}{sub -0.2} at {sigma} = 160 km s{sup -1} and implies that the initial mass function similarly varies slowly with galaxy mass.

Holden, B. P.; Illingworth, G. D. [UCO/Lick Observatories, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95065 (United States); Van der Wel, A. [Max-Planck Institute for Astronomy, Koenigstuhl 17, D-69117, Heidelberg (Germany); Kelson, D. D. [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Franx, M., E-mail: holden@ucolick.or, E-mail: gdi@ucolick.or, E-mail: vdwel@mpia.d, E-mail: kelson@obs.carnegiescience.ed, E-mail: franx@strw.leidenuniv.n [Sterrewacht Leiden, P.O. Box 9513, 2300 RA, Leiden (Netherlands)

2010-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

143

ASHMET: a computer code for estimating insolation incident on tilted surfaces  

SciTech Connect

A computer code, ASHMET, has been developed by MSFC to estimate the amount of solar insolation incident on the surfaces of solar collectors. Both tracking and fixed-position collectors have been included. Climatological data for 248 US locations are built into the code. This report describes the methodology of the code, and its input and output. The basic methodology used by ASHMET is the ASHRAE clear-day insolation relationships modified by a clearness index derived from SOLMET-measured solar radiation data to a horizontal surface.

Elkin, R.F.; Toelle, R.G.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Solar: monthly and annual average latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China from NREL China from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude for China. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the collector location. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations

145

Magnetic particles confined in a modulated channel: structural transitions tunable by tilting a magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ground state of colloidal magnetic particles in a modulated channel are investigated as function of the tilt angle of an applied magnetic field. The particles are confined by a parabolic potential in the transversal direction while in the axial direction a periodic substrate potential is present. By using Monte Carlo (MC) simulations, we construct a phase diagram for the different crystal structures as a function of the magnetic field orientation, strength of the modulated potential and the commensurability factor of the system. Interestingly, we found first and second order phase transitions between different crystal structures, which can be manipulated by the orientation of the external magnetic field. A re-entrant behavior is found between two- and four-chain configurations, with continuous second order transitions. Novel configurations are found consisting of frozen in solitons. By changing the orientation and/or strength of the magnetic field and/or the strength and the spatial frequency of the periodic substrate potential, the system transits through different phases.

J. E. Galván-Moya; D. Lucena; W. P. Ferreira; F. M. Peeters

2014-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

146

Test Problem: Tilted Rayleigh-Taylor for 2-D Mixing Studies  

SciTech Connect

The 'tilted-rig' test problem originates from a series of experiments (Smeeton & Youngs, 1987, Youngs, 1989) performed at AWE in the late 1980's, that followed from the 'rocket-rig' experiments (Burrows et al., 1984; Read & Youngs, 1983), and exploratory experiments performed at Imperial College (Andrews, 1986; Andrews and Spalding, 1990). A schematic of the experiment is shown in Figure 1, and comprises a tank filled with light fluid above heavy, and then 'tilted' on one side of the apparatus, thus causing an 'angled interface' to the acceleration history due to rockets. Details of the configuration given in the next chapter include: fluids, dimensions, and other necessary details to simulate the experiment. Figure 2 shows results from two experiments, Case 110 (which is the source for this test problem) that has an Atwood number of 0.5, and Case 115 (a secondary source described in Appendix B), with Atwood of 0.9 Inspection of the photograph in Figure 2 (the main experimental diagnostic) for Case 110. reveals two main areas for mix development; 1) a large-scale overturning motion that produces a rising plume (spike) on the left, and falling plume (bubble) on the right, that are almost symmetric; and 2) a Rayleigh-Taylor driven mixing central mixing region that has a large-scale rotation associated with the rising and falling plumes, and also experiences lateral strain due to stretching of the interface by the plumes, and shear across the interface due to upper fluid moving downward and to the right, and lower fluid moving upward and to the left. Case 115 is similar but differs by a much larger Atwood of 0.9 that drives a strong asymmetry between a left side heavy spike penetration and a right side light bubble penetration. Case 110 is chosen as the source for the present test problem as the fluids have low surface tension (unlike Case 115) due the addition of a surfactant, the asymmetry small (no need to have fine grids for the spike), and there is extensive reasonable quality photographic data. The photographs in Figure 2 also reveal the appearance of a boundary layer at the left and right walls; this boundary layer has not been included in the test problem as preliminary calculations suggested it had a negligible effect on plume penetration and RT mixing. The significance of this test problem is that, unlike planar RT experiments such as the Rocket-Rig (Youngs, 1984), Linear Electric Motor - LEM (Dimonte, 1990), or the Water Tunnel (Andrews, 1992), the Tilted-Rig is a unique two-dimensional RT mixing experiment that has experimental data and now (in this TP) Direct Numerical Simulation data from Livescu and Wei. The availability of DNS data for the tilted-rig has made this TP viable as it provides detailed results for comparison purposes. The purpose of the test problem is to provide 3D simulation results, validated by comparison with experiment, which can be used for the development and validation of 2D RANS models. When such models are applied to 2D flows, various physics issues are raised such as double counting, combined buoyancy and shear, and 2-D strain, which have not yet been adequately addressed. The current objective of the test problem is to compare key results, which are needed for RANS model validation, obtained from high-Reynolds number DNS, high-resolution ILES or LES with explicit sub-grid-scale models. The experiment is incompressible and so is directly suitable for algorithms that are designed for incompressible flows (e.g. pressure correction algorithms with multi-grid); however, we have extended the TP so that compressible algorithms, run at low Mach number, may also be used if careful consideration is given to initial pressure fields. Thus, this TP serves as a useful tool for incompressible and compressible simulation codes, and mathematical models. In the remainder of this TP we provide a detailed specification; the next section provides the underlying assumptions for the TP, fluids, geometry details, boundary conditions (and alternative set-ups), initial conditions, and acceleration history (an

Andrews, Malcolm J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Livescu, Daniel [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Youngs, David L. [AWE

2012-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

147

Recording and interpretation/analysis of tilt signals with five ASKANIA borehole tiltmeters at the KTB  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In June 2003 a large scale injection experiment started at the Continental Deep Drilling site (KTB) in Germany. A tiltmeter array was installed which consisted of five high resolution borehole tiltmeters of the ASKANIA type also equipped with three dimensional seismometers. For the next 11 months 86 000 m 3 were injected into the KTB pilot borehole 4000 m deep. The average injection rate was approximately 200 l ? min . The research objective was to observe and to analyzedeformation caused by the injection into the upper crust at the kilometer range. A new data acquisition system was developed by Geo-Research Center Potsdam (GFZ) to master the expected huge amount of seismic and tilt data. Furthermore it was necessary to develop a new preprocessing software called PREANALYSE for long-period time series. This software includes different useful functions such as step and spike correction interpolation filtering and spectral analysis. This worldwide unique installation offers the excellent opportunity of the separation of signals due to injection and due to environment by correlation of the data of the five stations with the ground water table and meteorological data.

André Gebauer; Thomas Jahr; Gerhard Jentzsch

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

A free real-time hourly tilted solar irradiation data Website for Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The engineering of solar power applications, such as photovoltaic energy (PV) or thermal solar energy requires the knowledge of the solar resource available for the solar energy system. This solar resource is generally obtained from datasets, and is either measured by ground-stations, through the use of pyranometers, or by satellites. The solar irradiation data are generally not free, and their cost can be high, in particular if high temporal resolution is required, such as hourly data. In this work, we present an alternative method to provide free hourly global solar tilted irradiation data for the whole European territory through a web platform. The method that we have developed generates solar irradiation data from a combination of clear-sky simulations and weather conditions data. The results are publicly available for free through Soweda, a Web interface. To our knowledge, this is the first time that hourly solar irradiance data are made available online, in real-time, and for free, to the public. The ac...

Leloux, Jonathan; Gonzalez-Bonilla, Loreto

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Brazil Latitude Tilted Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR 10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Latitude tilted solar radiation in kWh/m2/day for 1 year organized into cells with 10km x 10km (Purpose): The BRASIL-SR model and the SPRING software (both developed by INPE -National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files (Supplemental Information): The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed through the evaluation of the deviations shown by the estimated values for solar radiation flux vis-à-vis the values measured at the surface (ground truth). This evaluation was done in two phases. The first phase consisted in an inter-comparison between the core radiation transfer models adopted by the SWERA Project to map the solar energy in the various countries participating in the project. The HELIOSAT model took part in this phase like benchmark due to its employment to map solar energy resources incountries from European Union. In the second phase, the solar flux estimates providedby the BRASIL-SR model were compared with measured values acquired at several solarimetric stations spread along the Brazilian territory

150

Renormalization of Quantum Anosov Maps: Reduction to Fixed Boundary Conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A renormalization scheme is introduced to study quantum Anosov maps (QAMs) on a torus for general boundary conditions (BCs), whose number ($k$) is always finite. It is shown that the quasienergy eigenvalue problem of a QAM for {\\em all} $k$ BCs is exactly equivalent to that of the renormalized QAM (with Planck's constant $\\hbar ^{\\prime}=\\hbar /k$) at some {\\em fixed} BCs that can be of four types. The quantum cat maps are, up to time reversal, fixed points of the renormalization transformation. Several results at fixed BCs, in particular the existence of a complete basis of ``crystalline'' eigenstates in a classical limit, can then be derived and understood in a simple and transparent way in the general-BCs framework.

Itzhack Dana

2000-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

151

Cheap Fixes for Beating the Heat Indoors | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cheap Fixes for Beating the Heat Indoors Cheap Fixes for Beating the Heat Indoors Cheap Fixes for Beating the Heat Indoors July 25, 2013 - 11:20am Addthis Blinds are a great option for cooling your home in the summer. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/nycshooter Blinds are a great option for cooling your home in the summer. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/nycshooter Erik Hyrkas Erik Hyrkas Media Relations Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy How can I participate? Instead of turning on the air conditioning, consider window treatments and fans to cool down your home. If your internal thermostat is melting like the rest of the U.S. right now, you probably could use some fanning, ice, or air conditioning. With that in mind, we are providing a rundown of the cheapest ways to keep your home

152

An order theoretic approach in fixed point theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the present article, we show the existence of a coupled fixed point for an order preserving mapping in a preordered left K-complete quasi-pseudometric space using a preorder induced by an appropriate function. We also define the concept of left-weakly related mappings on a preordered space and discuss common coupled fixed points for two and three left-weakly related mappings in the same space. Similar results are given for right-weakly related mappings, the dual notion of left-weakly related mappings.

Yaé Ulrich Gaba

2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

153

Effects of head-up tilt on mean arterial pressure, heart rate, and regional cardiac output distribution in aging rats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Approved by: Chair of Committee, Michael Delp Committee Members, Robert Armstrong Judy Muller-Delp Janet r Head of Department, Steve M. Dorman December 2005 Major Subject: Kinesiology iii ABSTRACT Effects of Head-up Tilt... Armstrong, and Dr. Janet Parker for their patience, guidance, and support thoughout the course of this research. vi TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT????????????????????????.. iii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS??????????????????.. v TABLE OF CONTENTS...

Ramsey, Michael Wiechmann

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

154

Mercury/Waterfilling for Fixed Wireless OFDM Angel Lozano  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mercury/Waterfilling for Fixed Wireless OFDM Systems Angel Lozano Bell Labs (Lucent Technologies- mation is then given by the more general mercury/waterfilling policy. This paper illustrates the usance of mercury/waterfilling on frequency-selective OFDM channels with QAM constellations and it quantifies

Verdú, Sergio

155

obligations. When these products are obtained at fixed prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

al. have failed to properly analyze these fixed- price full-requirements load- following products and Andrew Lemon, Power Procurement: What's in Your Mix?, PUB. UTIL. FORTNIGHTLY, Nov. 2006, at 50. 4. Load-following of generation assets in New England has become less concentrated following the use of load-following products

Gross, George

156

Walkable Communities, Inc. March 1999 Fixing the Big  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-1- © Walkable Communities, Inc. March 1999 Road Diets Fixing the Big Roads By Dan Burden and Peter fund a study and to convert a one-mile section of Electric Avenue in Lewistown, Pennsylvania, from four crash statistics and other data, the team concluded that more uniform flow, reduced conflicts and great

Handy, Susan L.

157

14.6 CLOSE-OUT OF FIXED PRICE CONTRACTS Auditors recently have identified three problems with our practices regarding close-out of fixed-price  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

14.6 CLOSE-OUT OF FIXED PRICE CONTRACTS Auditors recently have identified three problems with our practices regarding close-out of fixed-price contracts when 10% or more of the budget remains in the account Principal Investigators to ensure that no more than 5% of the budget remains in a fixed-price contract

158

Static characteristics and rotordynamic coefficients of a four-pad tilting-pad journal bearing with ball-in-socket pivots in load-between-pad configuration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Static characteristics and rotordynamic coefficients were experimentally determined for a four-pad tilting-pad journal bearing with ball-in-socket pivots in loadbetween- pad configuration. A frequency-independent [M]-[C]-[K] model fit...

Harris, Joel Mark

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

159

Chain Retraction Potential in a Fixed Entanglement Network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When a chain, tethered at one end, is immersed in a fixed entanglement network, the mobile tip of the chain encounters an entropic potential barrier that penalizes deep fluctuations needed to bring the tip close to the tethering point. Using the tube model, Doi and Kuzuu [J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Lett. Ed. 18, 775 (1980)] estimated that this potential, which is crucial to describe the rheology of branched polymers in fixed networks and melts, has a quadratic form with a prefactor ?=1.5. Later calculations based on regular lattices indicated that the potential is nonquadratic, and its steepness depends on the lattice coordination number. In this Letter, we analyze the primitive paths obtained using the bond-fluctuation model for chains with up to 12.5 entanglements. Our simulations confirm a quadratic form for the potential with a prefactor close to the Doi-Kuzuu value, ??1.5.

Sachin Shanbhag and Ronald G. Larson

2005-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

160

Fixed points, stable manifolds, weather regimes, and their predictability  

In a simple, one-layer atmospheric model, we study the links between low-frequency variability and the model’s fixed points in phase space. The model dynamics is characterized by the coexistence of multiple “weather regimes.” To investigate the transitions from one regime to another, we focus on the identification of stable manifolds associated with fixed points. We show that these manifolds act as separatrices between regimes. We track each manifold by making use of two local predictability measures arising from the meteorological applications of nonlinear dynamics, namely, “bred vectors” and singular vectors. These results are then verified in the framework of ensemble forecasts issued from “clouds” (ensembles) of initial states. The divergence of the trajectories allows us to establish the connections between zones of low predictability, the geometry of the stable manifolds, and transitions between regimes.

Deremble, Bruno; D'Andrea, Fabio; Ghil, Michael [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United Staes). Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences and Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics

2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed tilt ground-mount" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Modeling for Anaerobic Fixed-Bed Biofilm Reactors  

SciTech Connect

The specific objectives of this research were: 1. to develop an equilibrium model for chemical aspects of anaerobic reactors; 2. to modify the equilibrium model for non-equilibrium conditions; 3. to incorporate the existing biofilm models into the models above to study the biological and chemical behavior of the fixed-film anaerobic reactors; 4. to experimentally verify the validity of these models; 5. to investigate the biomass-holding ability of difference packing materials for establishing reactor design criteria.

Liu, B. Y. M.; Pfeffer, J. T.

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Theoretical considerations of static and dynamic characteristics of air foil thrust bearing with tilt and slip flow  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The thrust pad of the rotor is used to sustain the axial force generated due to the pressure difference between the compressor and turbine sides of turbomachinery such as gas turbines, compressors, and turbochargers. Furthermore, this thrust pad has a role to maintain and determines the attitude of the rotor. In a real system, it also helps reinforce the stiffness and damping of the journal bearing. This study was performed for the purpose of analyzing the characteristics of the air foil thrust bearing. The model for the air foil thrust bearing used in this study is composed of two parts: one is an inclined plane, which plays a role in increasing the load carrying capacity using the physical wedge effect, and the other is a flat plane. This study mainly consists of three parts. First, the static characteristics were obtained over the region of the thin air film using the finite-difference method (FDM) and the bump foil characteristics using the finite-element method (FEM). Second, the analysis of the dynamic characteristics was conducted by perturbation method. For more exact calculation, the rarefaction gas coefficients perturbed about the pressure and film thickness were taken into consideration. At last, the static and dynamic characteristics of the tilting condition of the thrust pad were obtained. Furthermore, the load carrying capacity and torque were calculated for both tilting and nontilting conditions. From this study, several results were presented: (1) the stiffness and damping of the bump foil under the condition of the various bump parameters, (2) the load carrying capacity and bearing torque at the tilting state, (3) the bearing performance for various bearing parameters, and (4) the effects considering the rarefaction gas coefficients.

Dong-Jin Park; Chang-Ho Kim; Gun-Hee Jang; Yong-Bok Lee

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Tilting for perfusion: Head-up position during cardiopulmonary resuscitation improves brain flow in a porcine model of cardiac arrest  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractIntroduction Cerebral perfusion is compromised during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). We hypothesized that beneficial effects of gravity on the venous circulation during CPR performed in the head-up tilt (HUT) position would improve cerebral perfusion compared with supine or head-down tilt (HDT). Methods Twenty-two pigs were sedated, intubated, anesthetized, paralyzed and placed on a tilt table. After 6 min of untreated ventricular fibrillation (VF) CPR was performed on 14 pigs for 3 min with an automated CPR device called LUCAS (L) plus an impedance threshold device (ITD), followed by 5 min of L-CPR + ITD at 0° supine, 5 min at 30° HUT, and then 5 min at 30° HDT. Microspheres were used to measure organ blood flow in 8 pigs. L-CPR + ITD was performed on 8 additional pigs at 0°, 20°, 30°, 40°, and 50° HUT. Results Coronary perfusion pressure was 19 ± 2 mmHg at 0° vs. 30 ± 3 at 30° HUT (p Brain–blood flow was 0.19 ± 0.04 ml min?1 g?1 at 0° vs. 0.27 ± 0.04 at 30° HUT (p = 0.01) and 0.14 ± 0.06 at 30° HDT (p = 0.16). Heart blood flow was not significantly different between interventions. With 0, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50° HUT, ICP values were 21 ± 2, 16 ± 2, 10 ± 2, 5 ± 2, 0 ± 2, ?5 ± 2 respectively, (p brain flow whereas HUT significantly lowered ICP and improved cerebral perfusion. Further studies are warranted to explore this new resuscitation concept.

Guillaume Debaty; Sang Do Shin; Anja Metzger; Taeyun Kim; Hyun Ho Ryu; Jennifer Rees; Scott McKnite; Timothy Matsuura; Michael Lick; Demetris Yannopoulos; Keith Lurie

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

MHK Technologies/Wave Treader fixed | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MHK Technologies/Wave Treader fixed MHK Technologies/Wave Treader fixed < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Wave Treader fixed.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Green Ocean Energy Ltd Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Development of Ocean Treader Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Attenuator Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 4: Proof of Concept Technology Description The Wave Treader concept utilises the arms and sponsons from Ocean Treader and instead of reacting against a floating Spar Buoy, will react through an Interface Structure onto the Foundation of an Offshore Wind Turbine. Between the Arms and the Interface Structure hydraulic cylinders are mounted and as the wave passes the machine first the forward Sponson will lift and fall and then the aft Sponson will lift and fall each stroking their hydraulic cylinder in turn. This pressurises hydraulic fluid which is then smoothed by hydraulic accumulators before driving a hydraulic motor which in turn drives an electricity generator. The electricity is then exported through the cable shared with the Wind Turbine.

165

The fixed irreducible bridge ensemble for self-avoiding walks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We define a new ensemble for self-avoiding walks in the upper half-plane, the fixed irredicible bridge ensemble, by considering self-avoiding walks in the upper half-plane up to their $n$-th bridge height, $Y_n$, and scaling the walk by $1/Y_n$ to obtain a curve in the unit strip, and then taking $n\\to\\infty$. We then conjecture a relationship between this ensemble to $\\SLE$ in the unit strip from $0$ to a fixed point along the upper boundary of the strip, integrated over the conjectured exit density of self-avoiding walk spanning a strip in the scaling limit. We conjecture that there exists a positive constant $\\sigma$ such that $n^{-\\sigma}Y_n$ converges in distribution to that of a stable random variable as $n\\to\\infty$. Then the conjectured relationship between the fixed irreducible bridge scaling limit and $\\SLE$ can be described as follows: If one takes a SAW considered up to $Y_n$ and scales by $1/Y_n$ and then weights the walk by $Y_n$ to an appropriate power, then in the limit $n\\to\\infty$, one should obtain a curve from the scaling limit of the self-avoiding walk spanning the unit strip. In addition to a heuristic derivation, we provide numerical evidence to support the conjecture and give estimates for the boundary scaling exponent.

Michael James Gilbert

2014-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

166

Load Tilt and Body Tilt at Bidston  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......to Tidal Load,Memoirs of the Imperial Marine Observatory, 1, No. 1, 1922 June...that the possibilities of error due to wear in the cone and cup should be made known...1932 September. Memoirs of the Imperial Marine Observatory, I, No. I, 1922June. the......

A. T. Doodson; R. H. Corkan

1934-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Improving Value in Medicare with an SGR Fix  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...something that the relative-value scale does not do. The use of a relative-value scale with fees adjusted according to the SGR is inconsistent with the renewed interest in value creation in health care. A fee schedule that reimburses physicians on the basis of billing for approximately 8000 discrete service... Congressional attention is being directed toward developing an alternative Medicare reimbursement system that rewards physicians who improve the quality and efficiency of care, rather than trying to fix the sustainable growth rate formula.

Wilensky G.R.

2014-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

168

Remarks on a fixed point theorem of Caristi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1977) David Lee Egle, B . S . , Pan American University Chairman of Advisory Committee: L. F. Guseman, Jr. Let (X, d) be a complete metric space and f a selfmap of X. It is shown that various known theorems on the existence of fixed and periodic..., &) is a partially ordered set. Let x c X. Define a set M by A = lA : A C X, x c A, and A is totally ordered&. Order M by set inclusion; that is, A Q B iff A C B. Let ( g, 6 ) be a chain in Af, and let B= UA Ac (g, g) Clearly, x c B and 8 L: X. Let a...

Egle, David Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

169

Surface tension in bilayer membranes with fixed projected area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the elastic response of bilayer membranes with fixed projected area to both stretching and shape deformations. A surface tension is associated to each of these deformations. By using model amphiphilic membranes and computer simulations, we are able to observe both the types of deformation, and thus, both the surface tensions, related to each type of deformation, are measured for the same system. These surface tensions are found to assume different values in the same bilayer membrane: in particular they vanish for different values of the projected area. We introduce a simple theory which relates the two quantities and successfully apply it to the data obtained with computer simulations.

Alberto Imparato

2006-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

170

Hadron Production at Fixed Target Energies and Extensive Air Showers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NA61/SHINE is a fixed-target experiment to study hadron production in hadron-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus collisions at the CERN SPS. Due to the very good acceptance and particle identification in forward direction, NA61/SHINE is well suited for measuring particle production to improve the reliability of air shower simulations. Data with proton and pion beams have been taken in 2007 and 2009. First analysis results for the pion yield in proton-carbon interactions at 31 GeV will be shown and compared to predictions from models used in air shower simulations.

M. Unger; for the NA61/SHINE Collaboration

2010-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

171

Policy Flash 2015-02 INCREMENTALLY FUNDING FIXED-PRICE ACTIONS...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

5-02 INCREMENTALLY FUNDING FIXED-PRICE ACTIONS Policy Flash 2015-02 INCREMENTALLY FUNDING FIXED-PRICE ACTIONS Questions concerning this policy flash should be directed to Michael...

172

Utilisation de theor`emes de point fixe. Par Nicolas Lanchier 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Utilisation de th´eor`emes de point fixe. Par Nicolas Lanchier 1 1 Th´eor`emes de point fixe. D´efinition 1.1 -- On appelle point fixe de f : X - X tout ´el´ement X tel que f() = . Th´eor`eme 1.2 (point point fixe. [4], Sect. 1.2 Th´eor`eme 1.3 -- Soient X un espace complet et f : X - X une application. S

Lanchier, Nicolas

173

Performance analysis of Azimuth Tracking Fixed Mirror Solar Concentrator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The fixed mirror solar collector (FMSC) fixes reflector and mobiles receiver to collect solar energy. However, this type of concentrator has a low efficiency and short operating duration in practical applications. In this paper, we propose to install the FMSC on an azimuth tracking device (ATFMSC) and the reflectors are arranged by intermission to avoid the shading of neighbor reflector for incidence angle of less than 10° to improve its optical performance. Through the integration of the reflected solar radiation distribution function over any reflection point, and then the whole collector aperture, we develop the analytical expressions of various system efficiencies to numerically simulate the performance of ATFMSC with evacuated tube receiver in different design parameters. It is validated by the ray tracing results. The result shows that the mean annual net heat efficiency of the whole system would be up to 61% with the operating temperature of 400 °C, which is higher than parabolic trough collector and traditional FMSC. This is because the longitudinal incidence angle of ATFMSC always remains zero by tracking the sun azimuth, so the end loss of the concentrator can be avoided and enables it to operate with high efficiency continually.

Longlong Li; Huairui Li; Qian Xu; Weidong Huang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Fixed Point Analysis of the Saturation Throughput of IEEE 802.11 WLANs with Capture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Fixed Point Analysis of the Saturation Throughput of IEEE 802.11 WLANs with Capture Venkatesh capture, fading or frame error), using a fixed point framework developed in [7]. Here, we extend the work then obtain the fixed point equations for the infrastructure model. We show that these equations accurately

Kumar, Anurag

175

Fixed Point Analysis of Single Cell IEEE 802.11e WLANs: Uniqueness and Multistability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Fixed Point Analysis of Single Cell IEEE 802.11e WLANs: Uniqueness and Multistability Venkatesh Ramaiyan1 Anurag Kumar1 and Eitan Altman2 Abstract-- We consider the vector fixed point equations arisingFrame Space (AIFS) values. We consider balanced and unbalanced solutions of the fixed point equations arising

Kumar, Anurag

176

New Insights from a Fixed Point Analysis of Single Cell IEEE 802.11 WLANs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Insights from a Fixed Point Analysis of Single Cell IEEE 802.11 WLANs Anurag Kumar1, Eitan Altman2, Daniele Miorandi2 and Munish Goyal1 Abstract-- We study a fixed point formalisation of the well. In this more general framework, the fixed point solution and performance measures resulting from it are studied

Kumar, Anurag

177

New Insights from a Fixed Point Analysis of Single Cell IEEE 802.11 WLANs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 New Insights from a Fixed Point Analysis of Single Cell IEEE 802.11 WLANs Anurag Kumar1, Eitan Altman2, Daniele Miorandi3 and Munish Goyal1 Abstract-- We study a fixed point formalisation of the well of the analysis. In this more general framework, the fixed point solution and performance measures resulting from

Kumar, Anurag

178

Study of the interaction of solutes with ?5 (013) tilt grain boundaries in iron using density-functional theory  

SciTech Connect

Substitutional alloying elements significantly affect the recrystallization and austenite-ferrite phase transformation rates in steels. The atomistic mechanisms of their interaction with the interfaces are still largely unexplored. Using density functional theory, we determine the segregation energies between commonly used alloying elements and the ?5 (013) tilt grain boundary in bcc iron. We find a strong solute-grain boundary interaction for Nb, Mo, and Ti that is consistent with experimental observations of the effects of these alloying elements on delaying recrystallization and the austenite-to-ferrite transformation in low-carbon steels. In addition, we compute the solute-solute interactions as a function of solute pair distance in the grain boundary, which suggest co-segregation for these large solutes at intermediate distances in striking contrast to the bulk.

Jin, Hao; Militzer, Matthias [Centre for Metallurgical Process Engineering, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4 (Canada); Elfimov, Ilya [Quantum Matter Institute, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4 (Canada)

2014-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

179

A self-consistent regime of generation of terahertz radiation by an optical pulse with a tilted intensity front  

SciTech Connect

We derived a self-consistent system of nonlinear wave equations describing the terahertz generation in dielectric uniaxial crystals by optical pulsed radiation with a tilted wavefront. The numerical analysis of the system of equations showed that the generation of a broadband one-period terahertz signal is accompanied by a red shift of the carrier frequency of the optical pulse, the magnitude of the shift being proportional to the pulse intensity. The generation efficiency with respect to energy reached a maximum at a certain distance of propagation in the crystal, after which the efficiency decreased. A satisfactory agreement was obtained between theoretical calculations and experimental data of other investigations. (generation of terahertz radiation)

Bugai, A N; Sazonov, S V; Shashkov, Andrei Yu

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

180

An isoviscous, isothermal model investigating the influence of hydrostatic recesses on a spring-supported tilting pad thrust bearing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tilting-pad hydrodynamic thrust bearings are used in hydroelectric power stations around the world, reliably supporting turbines weighing hundreds of tonnes, over decades of service. Newer designs incorporate hydrostatic recesses machined into the sector-shaped pads.With the aid of external oil pressurisation at low rotational speeds, oil film thickness is increased, thereby reducing friction and wear to the benefit of service life and reliability. It follows that older generating plants, lacking such assistance, stand to benefit from being retrofitted with hydrostatic lubrication systems. The design process is not trivial however – the need to increase the groove area to permit spontaneous lifting of the turbine under hydrostatic operation conflicts with the need to preserve performance of the original plane pad design. A haphazardly designed recess can change the pressure distribution of the oil film in such a way as to tilt the pad away from its optimum position. This may lead to reduced oil film thickness and increased temperature, which is concomitant with reduced mechanical efficiency and increased risk of damage to the bearing surfaces. It is therefore, inadvisable to ignore the presence of grooves in simulations. In this work, a numerical study of a sector-shaped pad is undertaken to understand how recess size and shape can affect the performance of a typical bearing. An isoviscous, isothermal model has been used in this instance because the operating conditions of the turbine in question were shown not to be severe enough to warrant the computational expense of a fully coupled thermoelastic hydrodynamic model.

Dennis V. De Pellegrin; Douglas J. Hargreaves

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed tilt ground-mount" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

SF6432-FP (02-01-12) Firm Fixed Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2/01/12 2/01/12 Page 1 of 21 Printed copies of this document are uncontrolled. Retrieve latest version electronically. SANDIA CORPORATION SF 6432-FP (02/01/12) Section II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR FIRM-FIXED PRICE CONTRACTS THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO THIS CONTRACT AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN THE COVER PAGE OR SECTION I. (CTRL+CLICK ON A LINK BELOW TO ADVANCE DIRECTLY TO THAT SECTION) ACCEPTANCE OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS (Ts&Cs) APPLICABLE LAW ASSIGNMENT BANKRUPTCY DEFINITIONS DISPUTES EXCESS FREIGHT CHARGES EXCUSABLE DELAYS EXPORT CONTROL EXTRAS AND VARIATION IN QUANTITY GOVERNMENT PROPERTY MATERIAL AND EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING AND TESTING STANDARDS

182

Breakout Items Action Items Fixed Price Contracting Topic Group Summaries  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Albuquerque Meeting - July 1997 Albuquerque Meeting - July 1997 Breakout Items Action Items Fixed Price Contracting Topic Group Summaries TOPIC GROUP SUMMARIES Routing * Group reviewed and approved fourth draft of working paper "Routing Issues Related to U.S. Department of Energy Radioactive Materials Transportation: Discussion and Analysis" * Group submitted working paper and draft list of "Stakeholder Recommendations" to TEC/WG and DOE Group reached consensus on three major routing-related issues: * DOE should develop standardized, cooperative approach to route selection * DOE needs to involve all stakeholders * DOE should submit final version of Group's working paper to other federal entities Future topics for consideration: * routing issues relevant to tribal entities and local jurisdictions

183

Grate assembly for fixed-bed coal gasifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A grate assembly for a coal gasifier of a moving-bed or fixed-bed type is provided for crushing agglomerates of solid material such as clinkers, tailoring the radial distribution of reactant gases entering the gasification reaction zone, and control of the radial distribution of downwardly moving solid velocities in the gasification and combustion zone. The clinker crushing is provided by pinching clinkers between vertically oriented stationary bars and angled bars supported on the upper surface of a rotating conical grate. The distribution of the reactant gases is provided by the selective positioning of horizontally oriented passageways extending through the grate. The radial distribution of the solids is provided by mounting a vertically and generally radially extending scoop mechanism on the upper surface of the grate near the apex thereof.

Notestein, John E. (Morgantown, WV)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

A fixed-parameter algorithm for the vertex cover problem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A subset F of vertices of a graph G is called a vertex cover P t set if every path of order t in G contains at least one vertex from F. Denote by ? t ( G ) the minimum cardinality of a vertex cover P t set in G. The vertex cover P t ( VCP t ) problem is to find a minimum vertex cover P t set. The VCP t problem is NP-hard for any integer t ? 2 . In this paper, we restrict our attention to the VCP 3 problem and present a fixed-parameter algorithm with runtime O ( 2 k k 3.376 + n 4 m ) for the VCP 3 problem. Here, n denotes the number of vertices, m denotes the number of the edges, k denotes the size of the vertex cover P 3 set searched for.

Jianhua Tu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Determining average bed temperature of nonisothermal fixed-bed hydrotreater  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Employing three catalysts in three parallel pilot-scale fixed-bed reactors, hydrotreating experiments were performed in both isothermal and ascending temperature modes to investigate kinetics and to determine a representative bed temperature. Assuming 1.5th-order for hydrodesulfurization (HDS) and 1st-order for both hydrodenitrogenation (HDN) and mild hydrocracking (MHC), kinetic parameters were obtained from the isothermal mode operation. With the activation energies from isothermal operations, equivalent isothermal temperatures (EITs) in the ascending mode operations were established for specific HDS, HDN and MHC. Employing 19 thermocouple readouts in the catalyst beds and applying an Arrhenius-type rate equation containing the same activation energy, the representative bed temperature was determined. The temperature so determined is called kinetic EIT. The kinetic EIT was found to be the best to represent the nonisothermal bed temperature. The kinetic EIT has been applied to monitoring the catalyst activity in commercial hydrotreating units.

Sok Yui; John Adjaye

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Gravity Duals of Lifshitz-Like Fixed Points  

SciTech Connect

We find candidate macroscopic gravity duals for scale-invariant but non-Lorentz invariant fixed points, which do not have particle number as a conserved quantity. We compute two-point correlation functions which exhibit novel behavior relative to their AdS counterparts, and find holographic renormalization group flows to conformal field theories. Our theories are characterized by a dynamical critical exponent z, which governs the anisotropy between spatial and temporal scaling t {yields} {lambda}{sup z}t, x {yields} {lambda}x; we focus on the case with z = 2. Such theories describe multicritical points in certain magnetic materials and liquid crystals, and have been shown to arise at quantum critical points in toy models of the cuprate superconductors. This work can be considered a small step towards making useful dual descriptions of such critical points.

Kachru, Shamit; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC; Liu, Xiao; /Perimeter Inst. Theor. Phys.; Mulligan, Michael; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC

2008-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

187

Measurements Versus Predictions for the Static and Dynamic Characteristics of a Four-pad Rocker-pivot, Tilting-pad Journal Bearing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measured and predicted static and dynamic characteristics are provided for a four-pad, rocker-pivot, tilting-pad journal bearing in the load-on-pad and load-between-pad orientations. The bearing has the following characteristics: 4 pads, .57 pad...

Tschoepe, David 1987-

2012-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

188

Abstract--We propose a compact tip-reflection fiber-optic vibration sensing system that uses a lateral-offset tilted fiber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a lateral-offset tilted fiber grating (TFBG) as sensor head and a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser the coupling of light from the forward propagating core mode to backward propagating cladding modes and reduces cladding mode resonances appear. Since the response of core mode to external perturbations (temperature

Wai, Ping-kong Alexander

189

Measured and predicted rotordynamic coefficients and static performance of a rocker-pivot, tilt pad bearing in load-on-pad and load-between-pad configurations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the static and dynamic performance data for a 5 pad tilting pad bearing in both the load-on-pad (LOP) and the load-between-pad (LBP) configurations over a variety of different loads and speeds. The bearing tested was an Orion...

Carter, Clint Ryan

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

190

Evolutions in 3D numerical relativity using fixed mesh refinement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present results of 3D numerical simulations using a finite difference code featuring fixed mesh refinement (FMR), in which a subset of the computational domain is refined in space and time. We apply this code to a series of test cases including a robust stability test, a nonlinear gauge wave and an excised Schwarzschild black hole in an evolving gauge. We find that the mesh refinement results are comparable in accuracy, stability and convergence to unigrid simulations with the same effective resolution. At the same time, the use of FMR reduces the computational resources needed to obtain a given accuracy. Particular care must be taken at the interfaces between coarse and fine grids to avoid a loss of convergence at higher resolutions, and we introduce the use of "buffer zones" as one resolution of this issue. We also introduce a new method for initial data generation, which enables higher-order interpolation in time even from the initial time slice. This FMR system, "Carpet", is a driver module in the freely available Cactus computational infrastructure, and is able to endow generic existing Cactus simulation modules ("thorns") with FMR with little or no extra effort.

Erik Schnetter; Scott H. Hawley; Ian Hawke

2004-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

191

Ash level meter for a fixed-bed coal gasifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ash level meter for a fixed-bed coal gasifier is provided which utilizes the known ash level temperature profile to monitor the ash bed level. A bed stirrer which travels up and down through the extent of the bed ash level is modified by installing thermocouples to measure the bed temperature as the stirrer travels through the stirring cycle. The temperature measurement signals are transmitted to an electronic signal process system by an FM/FM telemetry system. The processing system uses the temperature signals together with an analog stirrer position signal, taken from a position transducer disposed to measure the stirrer position to compute the vertical location of the ash zone upper boundary. The circuit determines the fraction of each total stirrer cycle time the stirrer-derived bed temperature is below a selected set point, multiplies this fraction by the average stirrer signal level, multiplies this result by an appropriate constant and adds another constant such that a 1 to 5 volt signal from the processor corresponds to a 0 to 30 inch span of the ash upper boundary level. Three individual counters in the processor store clock counts that are representative of: (1) the time the stirrer temperature is below the set point (500.degree. F.), (2) the time duration of the corresponding stirrer travel cycle, and (3) the corresponding average stirrer vertical position. The inputs to all three counters are disconnected during any period that the stirrer is stopped, eliminating corruption of the measurement by stirrer stoppage.

Fasching, George E. (Morgantown, WV)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Compact Fixed-exit UHV DCM for XAFS  

SciTech Connect

A double-crystal, UHV-compatible monochromator for XAFS applications at bending magnet beamlines has been designed. It uses two crystal sets, Si(111) and (311), on a common central rotation axis driven by an ex-vacuo goniometer. All mechanical and electrical components are mounted on a 400 mm UHV flange which is attached to a compact vacuum chamber. The first crystals are water cooled using connector- and bellowless tubing through the fluidic sealed feedthrough of the central rotation. The first crystal set is mounted off-axis and can be translated vertically to keep the fixed exit condition. The second crystal set uses small crystals of the same size as the first. In order to accept the reflected beam of the first crystal at small Bragg angles, it is tangentially translated along the beam. The angle can be varied from 5 deg. to 55.5 deg. resulting in a total energy range 2.4 - 43.4 keV for Si(111)/(311). Crystal sets are interchangeable by translating the vacuum chamber. Angle encoding is achieved by a Renishaw incremental optical encoder in vacuo.

Rickers, K.; Brueggmann, U.; Drube, W.; Herrmann, M.; Heuer, J.; Welter, E.; Schulte-Schrepping, H.; Schulz-Ritter, H. [Hamburger Synchrotronstrahlungslabor HASYLAB am Deutschen Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Notkestr. 85, D-22607 Hamburg (Germany)

2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

193

Flame quality monitor system for fixed firing rate oil burners  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for determining and indicating the flame quality, or efficiency of the air-fuel ratio, in a fixed firing rate heating unit, such as an oil burning furnace, is provided. When the flame brightness falls outside a preset range, the flame quality, or excess air, has changed to the point that the unit should be serviced. The flame quality indicator output is in the form of lights mounted on the front of the unit. A green light indicates that the flame is about in the same condition as when the burner was last serviced. A red light indicates a flame which is either too rich or too lean, and that servicing of the burner is required. At the end of each firing cycle, the flame quality indicator goes into a hold mode which is in effect during the period that the burner remains off. A yellow or amber light indicates that the burner is in the hold mode. In this mode, the flame quality lights indicate the flame condition immediately before the burner turned off. Thus the unit can be viewed when it is off, and the flame condition at the end of the previous firing cycle can be observed.

Butcher, Thomas A. (Pt. Jefferson, NY); Cerniglia, Philip (Moriches, NY)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Isolated thermocouple amplifier system for stirred fixed-bed gasifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sensing system is provided for determining the bed temperature profile of the bed of a stirred, fixed-bed gasifier including a plurality of temperature sensors for sensing the bed temperature at different levels, a transmitter for transmitting data based on the outputs of the sensors to a remote operator's station, and a battery-based power supply. The system includes an isolation amplifier system comprising a plurality of isolation amplifier circuits for amplifying the outputs of the individual sensors. The isolation amplifier circuits each comprise an isolation operational amplifier connected to a sensor; a first "flying capacitor" circuit for, in operation, controlling the application of power from the power supply to the isolation amplifier; an output sample and hold circuit connected to the transmitter; a second "flying capacitor" circuit for, in operation, controlling the transfer of the output of the isolation amplifier to the sample and hold circuit; and a timing and control circuit for activating the first and second capacitor circuits in a predetermined timed sequence.

Fasching, George E. (Morgantown, WV)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Fixed bed downdraft gasification of paper industry wastes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The two main wastes generated from secondary fibre paper mills are rejects (composed mainly of plastics and fibres) and de-inking sludge, both of which are evolved from the pulping process during paper manufacture. The current practice for the disposal of these wastes is either by land-spreading or land-filling. This work explores the gasification of blends of pre-conditioned rejects and de-inking sludge pellets with mixed wood chips in an Imbert type fixed bed downdraft gasifier with a maximum feeding capacity of 10 kg/h. The producer gases evolved would generate combined heat and power (CHP) in an internal combustion engine. The results show that as much as 80 wt.% of a brown paper mill’s rejects (consisting of 20 wt.% mixed plastics and 80 wt.% paper fibres) could be successfully gasified in a blend with 20 wt.% mixed wood chips. The producer gas composition was 16.24% H2, 23.34% CO, 12.71% CO2 5.21% CH4 and 42.49% N2 (v/v%) with a higher heating value of 7.3 MJ/Nm3. After the removal of tar and water condensate the producer gas was of sufficient calorific value and flow rate to power a 10 kWe gas engine. Some blends using rejects from other mill types were not successful, and the limiting factor was usually the agglomeration of plastics present within the fuel.

M. Ouadi; J.G. Brammer; M. Kay; A. Hornung

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Fixed denial system for access control of nuclear weapons  

SciTech Connect

The Fixed Denial System (FDS) is a simple, low cost, vertical, underground silo used to store individual nuclear weapons within secured areas of present storage sites. The normal storage position of each weapon is at or near the top of the shaft, allowing rapid operational weapon access and removal. In response to a threat, the weapon within a storage canister can be dropped to the bottom of the shaft where it is automatically locked in place. Once the alert condition is resolved and control of the site reestablished, the weapon canister is unlocked with a coded signal and retrieved. This system offers a high degree of hardening and access denial that is characteristic of Vertical Underground Storage (VUGS) systems. An aboveground test apparatus was constructed to demonstrate the feasibility of using a pneumatic air cushion, which is generated by the free-fall of the weapon container, to control impact velocity and descent time. Stockpile weapons that might be stored in the FDS include the W33, W48, W79, and the W54 ADM.

Willan, V.O.; Gustafson, E.C.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Sacramento Municipal Utility District Solar Array | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility District Solar Array Utility District Solar Array Jump to: navigation, search Name Sacramento Municipal Utility District Solar Array Facility Sacramento Municipal Utility District Solar Array Sector Solar Facility Type Ground-mounted fixed tilt Owner EnXco Developer EnXco Energy Purchaser Sacramento Municipal Utility District Location Sacramento County, California Coordinates 38.47467°, -121.3541631° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.47467,"lon":-121.3541631,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

198

Fixed-bed bioreactor system for the microbial solubilization of coal  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fixed-bed bioreactor system for the conversion of coal into microbially solubilized coal products. The fixed-bed bioreactor continuously or periodically receives coal and bio-reactants and provides for the large scale production of microbially solubilized coal products in an economical and efficient manner. An oxidation pretreatment process for rendering coal uniformly and more readily susceptible to microbial solubilization may be employed with the fixed-bed bioreactor. 1 fig., 1 tab.

Scott, C.D.; Strandberg, G.W.

1987-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

199

Unique Thylakoid Membrane Architecture of aUnicellular N2-Fixing...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

intracellular transport and trafficking. Citation: Liberton ML, JR Austin, RH Berg, and HB Pakrasi.2011."Unique Thylakoid Membrane Architecture of aUnicellular N2-Fixing...

200

Robert Lemos, News.com, 2004.12.01: "Microsoft rushes out critical IE fix  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

saves it for later. See, e.g., phpWebSite security hole fixed 2004.11.16. #12;Mixed-source command lines

Bernstein, Daniel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed tilt ground-mount" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Genome-wide Expression Assay Comparison Across Frozen and Fixed Postmortem Brain Tissue Samples  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Continued) B6207 Control M Heart attack/disease Frozen B6756Fixed B6208 Control F Heart attack/disease Frozen B4756

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

EM Finds Success with Fixed-Priced Hybrid Contract Approach Benefittin...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

fixed-priced procurements in the future, and some may involve a new combination of contracting strategies proven successful at the Hanford site. The Hanford success story marked...

203

Off-peak summer performance enhancement for rows of fixed solar thermal collectors using reflective surfaces.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The possibility of increasing the efficiency of fixed solar thermal collectors without greatly adding to the cost or complexity of the overall solar collection system… (more)

Armenta, Casiano

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Tarifs Tlphonique (26/12/2013) -Page 1/5 Destination Tarifs Fixe Tarifs mobile Exception  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/5 Destination Tarifs Fixe Tarifs mobile Exception Comores 0,49/mn 0,49/mn Congo 0,49/mn 0,49/mn Congo RDC 0

Rossi, Vivien

205

Regional distributions of nitrogen-fixing bacteria in the Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ABSTRACT: We evaluated the regional distributions of six nitrogen (N2)-fixing bacteria in the North Pacific Ocean using quantitative polymerase chain reaction

206

E-Print Network 3.0 - aerated submerged fixed-film Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

January 2007 Summary: Trickling Filter - Facility type with fixed film bacteria. Wastewater is typically pumped up... TRANSFER EFFICIENCY MONITORING OF WASTEWATER AERATION...

207

Memory difference control of unknown unstable fixed points: Drifting parameter conditions and delayed measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Difference control schemes for controlling unstable fixed points become important if the exact position of the fixed point is unavailable or moving due to drifting parameters. We propose a memory difference control method for stabilization of a priori unknown unstable fixed points by introducing a memory term. If the amplitude of the control applied in the previous time step is added to the present control signal, fixed points with arbitrary Lyapunov numbers can be controlled. This method is also extended to compensate arbitrary time steps of measurement delay. We show that our method stabilizes orbits of the Chua circuit where ordinary difference control fails.

Jens Christian Claussen; Thorsten Mausbach; Alexander Piel; Heinz Georg Schuster

2006-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

208

Wave and place fixed DPOAE maps of the human ear  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Human intermodulation distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) can be a mixture of low and high latency components. They have different level phase and suppression characteristics which indicate that emissions arise both from the frequency region of the primary tones directly and indirectly via the DP frequency place. Which component dominates the measured DPOAE in the ear canal depends on the stimulus parameters especially the frequency ratio f 2 /f 1 . Interference between the two emissions adds complexity to measurements of DPOAE. The behavior and even existence of whichever emission route is lower in level often cannot directly be deduced from the raw DPOAE data because the other emission covers it. It is therefore not known whether both emissions are present for all stimulus parameters or whether the trends seen in each emission when they are the dominant emission route continue under stimulus conditions when they are not dominant. In this study the two DPOAE components are separated by a post-processing method. Previously maps of raw DPOAE data against f 2 /f 1 and DP frequency have been obtained. To separate the components sets of data consisting of f 2 /f 1 sweeps were transformed by an inverse Fourier transform into the time domain. The low and high latency components appeared as two distinct peaks because of their different phase gradients. These peaks were separated by windowing in the time domain and two frequency domain maps were reconstructed representing the low and high latency DPOAEs. It was found that the low latency component of the 2?f 1 ?f 2 DP was only emitted strongly with f 2 /f 1 between approximately 1.1 and 1.3. The removal of the high latency component revealed the low ratio edge of this region at which the level falls sharply. However the low latency emission has been traced at reduced amplitude over a wide range of stimulus parameters. Although previously only observed at small frequency ratios the high latency component was found to be present widely in the lower sideband its level reducing slowly at larger f 2 /f 1 . Its phase behavior changes in the lower sideband being approximately constant with DP frequency at small ratios of f 2 /f 1 but deviating from this at wider ratios. These results support the hypothesis that a DPOAE component which propagates to and is re-emitted from the DP frequency place (place fixed emission) is present across a wide parameter range. However for all but the close primary condition the lower sideband DPOAE is dominated by direct emission from the region of f 2 and f 1 wave interaction(wave fixed emission). A simple transmission line model is presented to illustrate how the observed DPOAE maps can arise on the basis of this hypothesis.

Richard D. Knight; David T. Kemp

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Tilt Meters Being Installed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...excep- tion the fundamental requirement that...interior- wall of boiler-room. This...the buildings safe for operation and providing...amperes for normal operation. A Laon tube...0.1, the fundamental REPORTS AND PAPERS...

210

A Robust STATCOM Control to Augment LVRT capability of Fixed Speed Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Robust STATCOM Control to Augment LVRT capability of Fixed Speed Wind Turbines M. J. Hossain, H Compensator (STATCOM) to enhance the Low-Voltage Ride- Through (LVRT) capability of fixed-speed wind turbines cost and maintenance due to rugged brushless construction. Constant speed wind turbines equipped

Pota, Himanshu Roy

211

Taxes-Fixed Price UT-B Contracts Div Page 1 of 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Taxes-Fixed Price UT-B Contracts Div July 2006 Page 1 of 1 taxes-fp-ext-july06.doc TAXES--FIXED PRICE (July 2006) FEDERAL, STATE, AND LOCAL TAXES (a) Definitions. As used throughout this clause in this Agreement, the Agreement price includes all applicable Federal taxes in effect on the Agreement date. (c

Pennycook, Steve

212

A Rank-Corrected Procedure for Matrix Completion with Fixed Basis Coefficients  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Rank-Corrected Procedure for Matrix Completion with Fixed Basis Coefficients Weimin Miao, Shaohua address low-rank matrix completion problems with fixed basis coefficients, which include the low-rank correlation matrix completion in various fields such as the financial market and the low-rank density matrix

Chaudhuri, Sanjay

213

Target Acquisition, Localization, and Surveillance using a Fixed-Wing Mini-UAV and Gimbaled Camera  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Target Acquisition, Localization, and Surveillance using a Fixed-Wing Mini-UAV and Gimbaled Camera acquisition and continuous surveillance using fixed-wing UAVs is a difficult task due to the many degrees of freedom inherent in aircraft and gimbaled cameras. Mini-UAVs further complicate the problem by introducing

Goodrich, Michael A.

214

A Systemic Design Methodology of PM Generators for Fixed-Pitch Marine Current Turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Systemic Design Methodology of PM Generators for Fixed-Pitch Marine Current Turbines Sofiane of permanent magnet (PM) generator associated with fixed-pitch turbine for tidal energy generation. The main problem with marine current turbines systems are the maintenance requirements of the drive

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

215

Characterization of Inorganic Biocarriers That Moderate System Upsets during Fixed-Film Biotreatment Processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...improving the reliability of fixed-film...dried prior to analysis. Biocarrier...configuration. Bio- reactor studies were...levels. However, reactor productivity...The decline in reactor performance...phenol removal. Analysis of the effluent...increase the reliability of fixed-film...

Don R. Durham; Leda C. Marshall; James G. Miller; Alan B. Chmurny

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Optimal control of a time-varying catalytic fixed bed reactor with catalyst deactivation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper deals with the linear-quadratic control problem for a time-varying partial differential equation model of a catalytic fixed-bed reactor. The classical Riccati equation approach, for time-varying infinite-dimensional systems, is extended to ... Keywords: catalyst deactivation, fixed bed reactor, infinite dimensional time-varying system, linear quadratic optimal control

L. Mohammadi; I. Aksikas; J. F. Forbes

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Approximate Response Time for Fixed Priority Real-Time Systems with Energy-Harvesting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Approximate Response Time for Fixed Priority Real-Time Systems with Energy-Harvesting Yasmina sufficient schedulability tests for fixed-priority pre-emptive scheduling of a real-time system under energy constraints. In this problem, energy is harvested from the ambient environment and used to replenish a storage

Boyer, Edmond

218

New Glycolipid specific to Nitrogen-fixing Blue-green Algae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... layer chromatography on silica gel of chloroform-methanol extracts from three nitrogen-fixing blue-green algae (Anabaena cylindrica, Anabaena flos-aquae and Chlorogloea fritschii) has, however, indicated the ... Chromatographie studies on the corresponding lipid fractions from the two other nitrogen-fixing blue-green algae suggest that these are also heterogeneous, and it would seem that these organisms possibly ...

B. W. NICHOLS; B. J. B. WOOD

1968-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

219

T-700:Red Hat: kernel security, bug fix, and enhancement update |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

700:Red Hat: kernel security, bug fix, and enhancement update 700:Red Hat: kernel security, bug fix, and enhancement update T-700:Red Hat: kernel security, bug fix, and enhancement update August 24, 2011 - 3:45pm Addthis PROBLEM: Updated kernel packages that fix several security issues, various bugs, and add two enhancements are now available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6. PLATFORM: Red Hat Enterprise Linux Desktop (v. 6) Red Hat Enterprise Linux HPC Node (v. 6) Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server (v. 6) Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server EUS (v. 6.1.z) Red Hat Enterprise Linux Workstation (v. 6) ABSTRACT: Red Hat: kernel security, bug fix, and enhancement update. reference LINKS: RHSA-2011: 1189-1 Secunia Advisory: SA45746 Red Hat Download CVE-2011-1182 , CVE-2011-1576 CVE-2011-1593 , CVE-2011-1776 CVE-2011-1898 , CVE-2011-2183

220

Simple solar spectral model for direct and diffuse irradiance on horizontal and tilted planes at the earth's surface for cloudless atmospheres  

SciTech Connect

A new, simple model for calculating clear-sky direct and diffuse spectral irradiance on horizontal and tilted surfaces is presented. The model is based on previously reported simple algorithms and on comparisons with rigorous radiative transfer calculations and limited outdoor measurements. Equations for direct normal irradiance are outlined; and include: Raleigh scattering; aerosol scattering and absorption; water vapor absorption; and ozone and uniformly mixed gas absorption. Inputs to the model include solar zenith angle, collector tilt angle, atmospheric turbidity, amount of ozone and precipitable water vapor, surface pressure, and ground albedo. The model calculates terrestrial spectra from 0.3 to 4.0 ..mu..m with approximately 10 nm resolution. A major goal of this work is to provide researchers with the capability to calculate spectral irradiance for different atmospheric conditions and different collector geometries using microcomputers. A listing of the computer program is provided.

Bird, R.; Riordan, C.

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed tilt ground-mount" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

V-133: Microsoft pulls Patch Tuesday security fix | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Microsoft pulls Patch Tuesday security fix 3: Microsoft pulls Patch Tuesday security fix V-133: Microsoft pulls Patch Tuesday security fix April 14, 2013 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Microsoft pulls Patch Tuesday security fix PLATFORM: Windows XP Service Pack 3,Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2, Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2, Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition Service Pack 2, Windows Server 2003 with SP2 for Itanium-based Systems,Windows Vista Service Pack 2, Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 2, Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2, Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2, Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 2Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems, Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 1, Windows 7 for x64-based Systems, Windows

222

T-667: Red Hat Enterprise Linux kernel security and bug fix update |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7: Red Hat Enterprise Linux kernel security and bug fix update 7: Red Hat Enterprise Linux kernel security and bug fix update T-667: Red Hat Enterprise Linux kernel security and bug fix update July 13, 2011 - 7:24am Addthis PROBLEM: Red Hat Enterprise Linux kernel security and bug fix update PLATFORM: Vulnerable Linux Kernels; Red Hat Enterprise Linux Desktop (v. 6), Red Hat Enterprise Linux HPC Node (v. 6), Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server (v. 6), Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server EUS (v. 6.1.z), Red Hat Enterprise Linux Workstation (v. 6) ABSTRACT: It was found that the receive hook in the ipip_init() function in the ipip module, and in the ipgre_init() function in the ip_gre module, could be called before network namespaces setup is complete. If packets were received at the time the ipip or ip_gre module was still being loaded into

223

T-712: Red Hat Enterprise MRG Grid 2.0 security, bug fix and enhancement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

712: Red Hat Enterprise MRG Grid 2.0 security, bug fix and 712: Red Hat Enterprise MRG Grid 2.0 security, bug fix and enhancement update T-712: Red Hat Enterprise MRG Grid 2.0 security, bug fix and enhancement update September 8, 2011 - 10:30am Addthis PROBLEM: A flaw was discovered in Cumin where it would log broker authentication credentials to the Cumin log file. A vulnerability was reported in Red Hat Enterprise MRG Grid. A local user can access the broker password. PLATFORM: Red Hat Enterprise MRG v2 for Red Hat Enterprise Linux (version 5) ABSTRACT: Red Hat Enterprise MRG Grid 2.0 security, bug fix and enhancement update. reference LINKS: RHSA-2011:1249-1 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1026021 CVE-2011-2925 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: A local user exploiting this flaw could connect to the broker outside of Cumin's control and perform certain operations such as scheduling jobs,

224

E-Print Network 3.0 - analog fixed maximum Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SUBGROUPS OF A FREE GROUP Summary: , by the Bestvina-Handel Theorem, and if H has rank exactly n, then H is said to be a maximum-rank 1-auto-fixed... subgroup of F, and...

225

DP: Dynamic Prepage in Postcopy Migration for Fixed-Size Data Load  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Postcopy migration is a mature technology in virtualization. However the performance of postcopy is not stable. We find many memory intensive loads having a high proportion of independent fixed-size data (FSD) ca...

Shuang Wu; Ce Yang; Jianhai Chen; Qinming He; Bei Wang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Real-time fixed-order lateral H2 controller for micro air vehicle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the design and development of a fixed low-order, robust H2 controller for a micro air vehicle (MAV) named Sarika-2. The controller synthesis uses strengthened discrete optimal projection equations and frequency-dependent ...

M. Meenakshi; M. Seetharama Bhat

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

EM Finds Success with Fixed-Priced Hybrid Contract Approach Benefitting Taxpayers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

WASHINGTON, D.C. – EM plans to complete more fixed-priced procurements in the future, and some may involve a new combination of contracting strategies proven successful at the Hanford site.

228

Characteristics of Air-blown Gasification for Woods in a Fixed-bed Downdraft Gasifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimental investigation of a fixed-bed, downdraft air-blown gasifier has been carried out using wooden cubes...3 made of Lauan wood. The reactor is a cylinder with an internal diameter of 200 mm and a heigh...

Chih-Lun Hsi; Tzong-Yuan Wang; Chiu-Hao Liu…

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Alaska - AS 42.05.431 - Power of Commission to Fix Rates | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

- Power of Commission to Fix Rates Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: Alaska - AS 42.05.431 - Power of Commission...

230

Model studies to investigate the effects of fixed streamlines on water flooding performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MODEL STUDIES TO INVESTIGATE THE EFFECTS OF FIXED STREAMLINES ON WATER FLOODING PERFORMANCE A Thesis by Axel Venton Green Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas ASrM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

Green, Axel Venton

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Crimp sealing of tubes flush with or below a fixed surface  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for crimp sealing and severing tubes flush or below a fixed surface. Tube crimping below a fixed surface requires an asymmetric die and anvil configuration. The anvil must be flat so that, after crimping, it may be removed without deforming the crimped tubes. This asymmetric die and anvil is used when a ductile metal tube and valve assembly are attached to a pressure vessel which has a fixed surface around the base of the tube at the pressure vessel. A flat anvil is placed against the tube. Die guides are placed against the tube on a side opposite the anvil. A pinch-off die is inserted into the die guides against the tube. Adequate clearance for inserting the die and anvil around the tube is needed below the fixed surface. The anvil must be flat so that, after crimping, it may be removed without deforming the crimped tubes. 8 figs.

Fischer, J.E.; Walmsley, D.; Wapman, P.D.

1996-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

232

Spin physics at a fixed-target experiment at the LHC (AFTER@LHC)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We outline the opportunities for spin physics which are offered by a next generation and multipurpose fixed-target experiment exploiting the proton LHC beam extracted by a bent crystal. In...

A. Rakotozafindrabe; M. Anselmino; R. Arnaldi…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Inverse fixed energy scattering problem for the two-dimensional nonlinear Schroedinger operator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work studies the direct and inverse fixed energy scattering problem for two-dimensional Schroedinger equation with rather general nonlinear index of refraction. In particular, using the Born approximation we prove that all singularities of the unknown compactly supported potential from $L^2$-space can be obtained uniquely by the scattering data with fixed positive energy. The proof is based on the new estimates for the Faddeev-Green's function in $L^\\infty$-space.

Georgios Fotopoulos; Valery Serov

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Fixed Point Analysis of Single Cell IEEE 802.11e WLANs: Uniqueness, Multistability and Throughput Differentiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fixed Point Analysis of Single Cell IEEE 802.11e WLANs: Uniqueness, Multistability and Throughput Differentiation Venkatesh Ramaiyan1, Anurag Kumar1, Eitan Altman2 Abstract-- We consider the vector fixed point- bitration InterFrame Space (AIFS) values. We consider balanced and unbalanced solutions of the fixed point

Kumar, Anurag

235

Investigation into the failure cause of a double-acting, leading-edge-groove, tilting-pad thrust bearing. Final report, Feb-Aug 90  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the results of bench tests simulating operation and failure of a thrust bearing used in a gas turbine engine compressor development test rig. The bearing was a double acting, tilting pad with offset pivot, leading edge groove configuration using an AMS 4928 titanium collar and C18200 copper-chrome alloy pads with a No. 2 babbitt face. The bench tests successfully simulated the bearing failure and demonstrated a materials incompatibility. This was supported by visual examination, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray energy spectroscopy. A comparison of the bench test results to the compressor rig bearing failure is provided to support the report conclusions.

Peterson, B.K.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Simulations of reflected sun beam traces over a target plane for an azimuth–elevation tracking heliostat with fixed geometric error sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract For a heliostat with geometric errors, the reflected central solar ray from the mirror surface center forms a curved error trace on the target plane during the day rather than staying fixed on one target point. A general azimuth–elevation tracking angle formula has been developed for a heliostat with a mirror-pivot offset and other typical geometric errors. This tracking angle formula is re-rewritten here as a series of easily solved expressions. This azimuth–elevation tracking angle formula is then used in a new complete geometric model of the sun-beam tracking errors for an azimuth–elevation tracking heliostat to simulate the sun beam tracking error trace on the target plane for a heliostat with fixed geometric errors. Here, the analysis is for a point sun and a point heliostat (or the heliostat considered as a small optical flat). The mirror surface center is defined as the orthogonal projection of the heliostat pivot on the mirror surface plane. The reflected sun-beam centre in the target plane is defined as the intersection of the mirror-surface-centre reflected central solar ray with the target plane. Due to a position tracking error in the target plane depending on the position and the orientation of the specific target plane, the position tracking error is further converted to the angular tracking error in the reflection direction to facilitate evaluation of the heliostat tracking performance. Simulations for the artificial #78 heliostat in the Beijing solar tower system on June 21st are shown to illustrate this heliostat tracking error model. This heliostat tracking error model can be used to reveal the effect of various geometrical errors in pedestal tilt etc. on the location of the beam at the target, and thus is useful in setting limits on the various geometrical errors. Essentially this paper allows one to estimate the offset of the reflected solar beam centre due to specific geometrical tracking errors, once the beam centre is computed by some other means. It also allows one to determine a limit on each error or set of errors which are allowable for a given purpose.

Minghuan Guo; Zhifeng Wang; Feihu Sun

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

The Effect of Magnetic Field Tilt and Divergence on the Mass Flux and Flow Speed in a Line-Driven Stellar Wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We carry out an extended analytic study of how the tilt and faster-than-radial expansion from a magnetic field affect the mass flux and flow speed of a line-driven stellar wind. A key motivation is to reconcile results of numerical MHD simulations with previous analyses that had predicted non-spherical expansion would lead to a strong speed enhancement. By including finite-disk correction effects, a dynamically more consistent form for the non-spherical expansion, and a moderate value of the line-driving power index $\\alpha$, we infer more modest speed enhancements that are in good quantitative agreement with MHD simulations, and also are more consistent with observational results. Our analysis also explains simulation results that show the latitudinal variation of the surface mass flux scales with the square of the cosine of the local tilt angle between the magnetic field and the radial direction. Finally, we present a perturbation analysis of the effects of a finite gas pressure on the wind mass loss rate and flow speed in both spherical and magnetic wind models, showing that these scale with the ratio of the sound speed to surface escape speed, $a/v_{esc}$, and are typically 10-20% compared to an idealized, zero-gas-pressure model.

Stan Owocki; Asif ud-Doula

2003-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

238

MHK Technologies/LIMPET OWC fixed Near shore OWC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LIMPET OWC fixed Near shore OWC LIMPET OWC fixed Near shore OWC < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage LIMPET OWC fixed Near shore OWC.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Voith Hydro Wavegen Limited Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Siadar Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Oscillating Water Column Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 7/8: Open Water System Testing & Demonstration & Operation Technology Description Limpet (Land Installed Marine Powered Energy Transformer) is a shoreline energy converter sited on the island of Islay, off Scotland's west coast. The current Limpet device - Limpet 500 - was installed in 2000 and produces power for the national grid. Limpet uses the principle of an oscillating water column.

239

APPLICATION OF THE FIXED NEUTRON ABSORBER STANDARD ANSI/ANS-8.21  

SciTech Connect

The specific applications standard, ANSI/ANS-8.21, provides guidance and insight in the use of fixed neutron absorbers. Organizations involved with handling and processing fissionable material will benefit from the systematic guidance provided by the standard in implementing engineered criticality safety controls. Numerous applications have demonstrated the successful implementation of fixed neutron absorbers as engineered safety features replacing administrative controls and substantial increases in mass loading. Upgrading the scope and usefulness of the standard by expanding the appendices is in progress.

TOFFER, H.

2004-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

240

Compression and acceleration of electron bunches to high energies in the interference field of intense laser pulses with tilted amplitude fronts: concept and modelling  

SciTech Connect

A new concept of accelerating electrons by laser radiation is proposed, namely, direct acceleration by a laser field under the conditions of interference of several relativistic-intensity laser pulses with amplitude fronts tilted by the angle 45 Degree-Sign with respect to the phase fronts. Due to such interference the traps moving with the speed of light arise that capture the electrons, produced in the process of ionisation of low-density gas by the same laser radiation. The modelling on the basis of solving the relativistic Newton equation with the appropriate Lorenz force shows that these traps, moving in space, successively collect electrons from the target, compress the resulting electron ensemble in all directions up to the dimensions smaller than the wavelength of the laser radiation and accelerate it up to the energies of the order of a few GeV per electron. (extreme light fields and their applications)

Korobkin, V V; Romanovsky, Mikhail Yu; Trofimov, V A; Shiryaev, O B [A M Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed tilt ground-mount" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Phase transition in compressible Ising systems at fixed volume Akira Onuki and Akihiko Minami  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phase transition in compressible Ising systems at fixed volume Akira Onuki and Akihiko Minami transition behavior of compressible Ising systems at constant volume by varying the temperature. Simulations have been performed on compressible Ising systems and a number of numerical results still remain

242

Fixed-Orientation Equilateral Triangle Matching of Point Sets Jasine Babu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fixed-Orientation Equilateral Triangle Matching of Point Sets Jasine Babu Department of Computer Science and Automation, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India. Ahmad Biniaz, Anil Maheshwari, Michiel Smid School of Computer Science, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada Abstract Given a point set P

Smid, Michiel

243

Overview of results from the Fermilab fixed target and collider experiments  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we present a review of recent QCD related results from Fermilab fixed target and collider experiments. Topics covered range from structure functions through W/Z production, heavy quark production and jet angular distributions. We also include the current state of knowledge about leptoquark pair production in hadronic collisions.

Montgomery, H.E.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Semi-Autonomous Human-UAV Interfaces for Fixed-Wing Mini-UAVs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Semi-Autonomous Human-UAV Interfaces for Fixed-Wing Mini-UAVs Morgan Quigley Brigham Young University Provo, UT, USA beard@ee.byu.edu Abstract-- We present several human-UAV interfaces that support real-time control of a small semi-autonomous UAV. These interfaces are designed for searching tasks

Goodrich, Michael A.

245

Exploring user preferences for indoor navigation support through a combination of mobile and fixed displays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we explore, through a formative study, user preferences for indoor navigation support using a combination of mobile and fixed displays along with a range of navigation content such as digital 2D maps, 3D route visualizations (presented ... Keywords: 3D visualization, digital displays, digital maps, graphical directional signage, indoor navigation, mobile phones

Faisal Taher; Keith Cheverst

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Per-Unit Royalty vs Fixed Fee: The Case of Weak Patents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Per-Unit Royalty vs Fixed Fee: The Case of Weak Patents Rabah Amiry David Encaouaz Yassine a per-unit royalty or a ...xed fee when her innovation is covered by a weak patent, i.e. a patent of competition is not speci...ed, we show that the patent holder prefers to use a per-unit royalty scheme

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

247

Modeling Process Characteristics and Performance of Fixed and Fluidized Bed Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Modeling Process Characteristics and Performance of Fixed and Fluidized Bed Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer ... (7)?Cheng, W.-H.; Chou, M.-S.; Lee, W.-S.; Huang, B.-J. Applications of Low-Temperature Regenerative Thermal Oxidizers to Treat Volatile Organic Compounds. ...

Pietropaolo Morrone; Francesco P. Di Maio; Alberto Di Renzo; Mario Amelio

2006-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

248

Testing the Fixed Anvil Temperature Hypothesis in a Cloud-Resolving Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using cloud-resolving simulations of tropical radiative–convective equilibrium, it is shown that the anvil temperature changes by less than 0.5 K with a 2-K change in SST, lending support to the fixed anvil temperature (FAT) hypothesis. The ...

Zhiming Kuang; Dennis L. Hartmann

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Periodic Charging Scheme for Fixed-Priority Real-Time Systems with Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the limited capacity of the energy storage unit. With energy harvesting, in theory it becomes possiblePeriodic Charging Scheme for Fixed-Priority Real-Time Systems with Renewable Energy Mario Bambagini, Fairfax, VA, USA e-mail: aydin@cs.gmu.edu Abstract--Energy harvesting systems are gaining increasing

Aydin, Hakan

250

Student accuracy in reading logarithmic plots: the problem and how to fix it  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Student accuracy in reading logarithmic plots: the problem and how to fix it Andrew F. Heckler@ilstu.edu Abstract-- Through extensive student testing and interviews, we found that the majority of university sophomore, junior, and senior engineering students in a standard introductory materials science engineering

Heckler, Andrew F.

251

A Scalable Decision Procedure for Fixed-Width Bit-Vectors Roberto Bruttomesso  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Scalable Decision Procedure for Fixed-Width Bit-Vectors Roberto Bruttomesso Università della Svizzera Italiana Lugano, Switzerland natasha.sharygina@usi.ch ABSTRACT Efficient decision procedures procedure for the core theory of bit-vectors that exploits a reduction to equality reasoning. The proce

Sharygina, Natasha

252

Toward an Optimal Fixed-Priority Algorithm for Energy-Harvesting Real-Time Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on their energy consumption. Thus, the results of this work rely on the assumption that tasks energy consumptionToward an Optimal Fixed-Priority Algorithm for Energy-Harvesting Real-Time Systems Yasmina the real-time xed-priority scheduling problem for battery-powered embedded systems whose energy storage

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

253

Complete VariableLength ``FixFree'' Codes David Gillman \\Lambda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Complete Variable­Length ``Fix­Free'' Codes David Gillman \\Lambda Institute for Mathematics & Its­CCR and Darpa contract N00014­92­J­1799. Email address: gillman@ima.umn.edu y Supported by NSF grants

Rivest, Ronald L.

254

Optimization of a Fixed Spraying System for Commercial High-Density Apple Plantings Final Report 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization of a Fixed Spraying System for Commercial High-Density Apple Plantings Final Report and fruit coverage issues are a research priority in tree fruits and apples in particular. Preliminary Work. Preliminary trials were conducted in two blocks each of Red Delicious and Empire apples on M.9 dwarfing stock

Agnello, Arthur M.

255

Foundations of Physics Letters, VoL 8, No. 6, 199.5 FIXING A HOLE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Foundations of Physics Letters, VoL 8, No. 6, 199.5 FIXING A HOLE F.A. Muller Utrecht University, Foundations of Science Department P.O. Box 80.000, 3508 TA Utrecht, The Netherlands e-mail: muller. The composition applies directly to the uni- verse. Keys: general relativity, hole argument, diffeomorphism

Seevinck, Michiel

256

A Fixed Point Analysis of a Gene Pool GA with Mutation Alden H. Wright #  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Fixed Point Analysis of a Gene Pool GA with Mutation Alden H. Wright # Computer Science University of Montana USA wright@cs.umt.edu 44 121 414 2793 Jonathan E. Rowe Computer Science University Alden Wright was visiting the School of Computer Science, University of Birmingham, UK, supported

Wright, Alden H.

257

A Fixed Point Analysis of a Gene Pool GA with Mutation Alden H. Wright  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Fixed Point Analysis of a Gene Pool GA with Mutation Alden H. Wright Computer Science Department University of Montana, USA wright@cs.umt.edu Jonathan E. Rowe School of Computer Science The University is to move the population closer to This paper was written while Alden Wright was visiting the School

Poli, Riccardo

258

Robust STATCOM control for the stabilisation of fixed-speed wind turbines during low voltages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and rotor- speed instability and more so if the wind turbine is connected to a weak grid. To prevent is still being produced by squirrel-cage induction generators (SCIGs) which are directly connected to the grid and operate at an almost fixed-speed [3]. They are advantageous as wind generators for their low

Pota, Himanshu Roy

259

Microsoft Word - Fixed Ladder and Step-Ladder Inspection Checklist.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ladder Inspections Ladder Inspections Due to recent information, lessons learned, and accident reports from across the DOE complex, emphasis needs to be placed on the importance of inspecting ladders, both portable and fixed. Portable ladders should be inspected prior to each use to ensure they are in good working order. Portable ladders can be damaged during use, handling, moving, and storage, which can render the ladder unsafe for use. Recent information from the DOE complex has shown unsafe conditions that may be found during proper pre- use ladder inspections. All portable ladders with any damage or defect must be removed from service. (Photos 1 and 2) Attachment 1 is a provided as a guideline for portable ladder inspections. Fixed Ladders should be inspected on a routine basis, especially when installed (re-

260

One-parameter semigroups of analytic functions, fixed points and the Koenigs function  

SciTech Connect

Analogues of the Berkson-Porta formula for the infinitesimal generator of a one-parameter semigroup of holomorphic maps of the unit disc into itself are obtained in the case when, along with a Denjoy-Wolff point, there also exist other fixed points. With each one-parameter semigroup a so-called Koenigs function is associated, which is a solution, common for all elements of the one-parameter semigroup, of a certain functional equation (Schroeder's equation in the case of an interior Denjoy-Wolff point and Abel's equation in the case of a boundary Denjoy-Wolff point). A parametric representation for classes of Koenigs functions that takes account of the Denjoy-Wolff point and other fixed points of the maps in the one-parameter semigroup is presented. Bibliography: 19 titles.

Goryainov, Victor V; Kudryavtseva, Olga S [Volzhsky Institute of Humanities, Volgograd Region, Volzhsky (Russian Federation)

2011-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed tilt ground-mount" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

The Barbero connection and its relation to the histories connection formalism without gauge fixing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a histories version of the connection formalism of general relativity. Such an approach introduces a spacetime description--a characteristic feature of the histories approach--and we discuss the extent to which the usual loop variables are compatible with a spacetime description. In particular, we discuss the definability of the Barbero connection without any gauge fixing. Although it is not the pullback of a spacetime connection onto the three-surface and it does not have a natural spacetime interpretation, this does not mean that the Barbero connection is not suitable variable for quantisation; it appears naturally in the formalism even in absence of gauge fixing. It may be employed therefore, to define loop variables similar to those employed in loop quantum gravity. However, the loop algebra would have to be augmented by the introduction of additional variables.

Ntina Savvidou

2006-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

262

Catalyst deactivation by coking in the MTG process in fixed and fluidized bed reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The validity of a kinetic model for describing the deactivation of a catalyst based on a HZSM5 zeolite has been studied by carrying out reaction in fixed and fluidized bed reactors. The kinetic model takes into account that activity is dependent on the concentration of the lumps of oxygenates, of light olefins and of the remaining products and shows that coke formation capability follows this order. The difference between the deactivation kinetic constants calculated for the fixed and fluidized bed reactors is explained by the effect of the steam produced in the reaction, where coke stripping attenuates deactivation. Future improvements in the deactivation kinetic model must take into account coke stripping by the steam produced in the reaction.

Andrés T. Aguayo; Ana G. Gayubo; JoséM. Ortega; Martin Olazar; Javier Bilbao

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Development of Mobil's Fixed-Bed Methanul-to-Gasoline (MTG) Process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mobil recently commercialized its fixed-bed methanol-to-gasoline (MTG) process in a 14, 500 B/D (gasoline) plant, based on natural gas, which is located in New Zealand. Process development studies were carried out in a small pilot plant to define conditions for producing gasoline in good yield and with acceptable product quality while also insuring satisfactory catalyst life. The process was successfully scaled-up by a factor of 100 to a demonstration unit size of 4 B/D. The scale-up factor from the demonstration unit to the commercial plant was in excess of 3000. The characteristics of the fixed-bed MTG process, its development, scale-up to demonstration unit, and assurance of acceptable product quality are discussed.

S. Yurchak

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Study of the regeneration stage of the MTG process in a pseudoadiabatic fixed bed reactor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The regeneration stage of a catalyst (prepared based on an HZSM-5 zeolite) has been studied in the process of transformation of methanol into hydrocarbons in a fixed bed reactor. The simulation of the operation requires knowledge of the longitudinal profile of coke content in the reactor at the end of the reaction stage. Longitudinal profiles of temperature, coke content and activity during the regeneration are calculated by solving the energy conservation equation in the reactor together with the kinetic equation for coke combustion and with the kinetic equation for reactivation (activity–coke content relationship). The results of the simulation have been experimentally verified in a laboratory unit provided with a pseudoadiabatic fixed bed reactor.

Andrés T Aguayo; Ana G Gayubo; Javier Ereña; Raquel Vivanco; Javier Bilbao

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Fixing All Moduli for M-Theory on K3xK3  

SciTech Connect

We analyze M-theory compactified on K3 x K3 with fluxes preserving half the supersymmetry and its F-theory limit, which is dual to an orientifold of the type IIB string on K3 x (T{sup 2}/Z{sub 2}). The geometry of attractive K3 surfaces plays a significant role in the analysis. We prove that the number of choices for the K3 surfaces is finite and we show how they can be completely classified. We list the possibilities in one case. We then study the instanton effects and see that they will generically fix all of the moduli. We also discuss situations where the instanton effects might not fix all the moduli.

Aspinwall, Paul S.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC /Duke U., CGTP; Kallosh, Renata; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

266

Solar tracker motor having a fixed caliper and a translating caliper each with an electromagnetic brake system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Concepts and technologies described herein provide for an accurate and cost-effective method for rotating a solar array disk for tracking the movement of the sun. According to various aspects, a motor includes a fixed caliper and a translating caliper positioned adjacent to one another. Electromagnetically controlled brakes on the translating caliper grip the solar array disk while adjacent, but spaced apart, electromagnets on the fixed caliper and the translating caliper are energized to create an attractive force that pulls the translating caliper with the solar array disk toward the fixed caliper. After reaching the fixed caliper, brakes on the fixed caliper are engaged with the disk, brakes on the translating caliper are released from the disk, and the translating caliper is pushed back to the starting location where the process repeats until the desired rotation is completed.

Rau, Scott James

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

267

Fixed time artificial insemination of sheep using cervical and intrauterine insemination techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as to style and content by: Cha r, Advssory Comm ttee o ttee e er ttee Member Comm ttee Member August 1992 ABSTRACT The objectives of this study are to: 1) compare pregnancy rates of ewes artificially inseminated either at a fixed time or after... the onset of an observed estrus as determined by marker rams, 2) compare pregnancy rates of ewes artificially inseminated by either cervical or laparoscopic methods, 3) compare pregnancy rates of ewes artificially inseminated with different inseminate...

Bell, James H

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Fixed endothelial cells exhibit physiologically relevant nanomechanics of the cortical actin web  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has been unknown whether cells retain their mechanical properties after fixation. Therefore, this study was designed to compare the stiffness properties of the cell cortex (the 50–100 nm thick zone below the plasma membrane) before and after fixation. Atomic force microscopy was used to acquire force indentation curves from which the nanomechanical cell properties were derived. Cells were pretreated with different concentrations of actin destabilizing agent cytochalasin D, which results in a gradual softening of the cell cortex. Then cells were studied 'alive' or 'fixed'. We show that the cortical stiffness of fixed endothelial cells still reports functional properties of the actin web qualitatively comparable to those of living cells. Myosin motor protein activity, tested by blebbistatin inhibition, can only be detected, in terms of cortical mechanics, in living but not in fixed cells. We conclude that fixation interferes with motor proteins while maintaining a functional cortical actin web. Thus, fixation of cells opens up the prospect of differentially studying the actions of cellular myosin and actin.

Kai Bodo Grimm; Hans Oberleithner; Johannes Fels

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Conceptual design of a Ni-based chemical looping combustion process using fixed-beds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work presents a comprehensive conceptual design of a Ni-based chemical looping combustion process (CLC) carried out in fixed bed reactors. The process is intended to exploit the well-known advantages of the Ni/NiO redox system for CLC applications in terms of high reactivity, O2 carrying capacity and chemical and thermal stability. Solutions to the problem of heat management in fixed bed reactors at high temperature and high pressure are described, while a continuous flow of nitrogen for driving a gas turbine is produced. Each reactor involved in the process goes through a cyclic sequence of five reaction and heat transfer stages. Cool product gas recirculations are incorporated into the Ni oxidation and NiO reduction stages in order to moderate the maximum temperatures in the beds and control the displacement of the reaction and heat transfer fronts. A preliminary conceptual design of the process has been carried out to determine the minimum number of reactors needed for continuous operation in typical large-scale CO2 capture systems. Basic reactor models and assumptions based on an ideal plug flow pattern have been used in all the reactors during the chemical reactions and the heat transfer operations. This has made it possible to identify reasonable operating windows for the eight fixed-bed reactors that make up the CO2 capture system, and has demonstrated not only its technical viability but also its great potential for further development.

J.R. Fernández; J.C. Abanades

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

A fixed-bed reactor modeling study on the methanation of CO2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The methanation of carbon dioxide has gained renewed interest during the last years as a possible technology to synthesize a feasible chemical energy carrier. This modeling study aims at a basic understanding of the aspects relevant for designing an externally cooled fixed-bed reactor for the methanation of a pure, stoichiometric feed gas. It is shown that the reaction rates and the exothermicity (?H° = ?165 kJ/mol) prevent a fixed-bed reactor of technical dimensions to be operated at high conversions without runaway of the reactor. The model predictions of differently detailed pseudo-homogeneous reactor models and a heterogeneous reactor model where the intraparticle transport of mass is described according to a dusty-gas approach are compared to assess the needed level of detail in terms of modeling the heat transfer, fluid flow characteristics and transport resistances on the pellet scale. Under specific conditions, intraparticle mass transfer and external heat transfer need to be considered for describing the temperature and concentration profiles adequately. The study is completed by modeling a fixed-bed membrane reactor as an example of a structured reactor that offers improved temperature control by separated and controlled feeding of hydrogen and carbon dioxide.

David Schlereth; Olaf Hinrichsen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Fixed Monthly Living Expense Payments at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, INS-L-11-05  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fixed Monthly Living Expense Fixed Monthly Living Expense Payments at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory INS-L-11-05 September 2011 Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 September 21, 2011 MEMORANDUM FOR MANAGER, LIVERMORE SITE OFFICE FROM: Sandra D. Bruce Assistant Inspector General for Inspections SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Inspection Report on "Fixed Monthly Living Expense Payments at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory" BACKGROUND The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (Livermore) is a Department of Energy (Department) laboratory managed and operated by Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC, for the Department's National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). Livermore's mission is to ensure the safety and security of the nation through applied science and technology in key

272

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/FixedDemandChargeMonth1 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fixed Demand Charge Month 1 Fixed Demand Charge Month 1 Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/FixedDemandChargeMonth1" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0000827d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 + 7 + 00101108-073b-4503-9cd4-01769611c26f + 1.71 + 0030a241-5084-4404-9fe4-ed558aad8b59 + 8.28 + 0049111b-fba2-46ba-827d-7ce95609a1d9 + 9.51 + 0055db46-f535-4dc9-a192-920d1bdf382b + 3.2 + 0070a37f-0d41-4331-8115-df40c62e00f3 + 13.24 + 007f7b1f-0cba-450c-9023-df962aa387a4 + 5.28 + 008960d4-14ad-4822-b293-140640cf0bcf + 4.924 + 00cdded9-47a1-49b6-a217-10941ffbefc6 + 1.468 + 00e0b930-90c6-43c2-971a-91dade33f76a + 3.35 + 010f37ad-90a9-4aa8-bbdf-c55e72ee1495 + 4.74 + 017a32a0-140a-4e0b-a10c-f6f67905829c + 4.5 + 019941c8-cc3b-452c-b12e-201301099603 + 11.95 +

273

EER of fixed and trainable fusion classifiers: A theoretical study with application to biometric authentication tasks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biometric authentication is a process of verifying an identity claim using a person’s behavioural and physiological characteristics. Due to the vulnerability of the system to environmental noise and variation caused by the user, fusion of several biometric-enabled systems is identified as a promising solution. In the literature, various fixed rules (e.g. min, max, median, mean) and trainable classifiers (e.g. linear combination of scores or weighted sum) are used to combine the scores of several base-systems. How exactly do correlation and imbalance nature of base-system performance affect the fixed rules and trainable classifiers? We study these joint aspects using the commonly used error measurement in biometric authentication, namely Equal Error Rate (EER). Similar to several previous studies in the literature, the central assumption used here is that the class-dependent scores of a biometric system are approximately normally distributed. However, different from them, the novelty of this study is to make a direct link between the EER measure and the fusion schemes mentioned. Both synthetic and real experiments (with as many as 256 fusion experiments carried out on the XM2VTS benchmark score-level fusion data sets) verify our proposed theoretical modeling of EER of the two families of combination scheme. In particular, it is found that weighted sum can provide the best generalisation performance when its weights are estimated correctly. It also has the additional advantage that score normalisation prior to fusion is not needed, contrary to the rest of fixed fusion rules.

Norman Poh; Samy Bengio

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

EER of Fixed and Trainable Fusion Classifiers: A Theoretical Study with Application to Biometric Authentication Tasks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

submitted for publication Abstract. Biometric authentication is a process of verifying an identity claim using a person’s behavioural and physiological characteristics. Due to the vulnerability of the system to environmental noise and variation caused by the user, fusion of several biometric-enabled systems is identified as a promising solution. In the literature, various fixed rules (e.g. min, max, median, mean) and trainable classifiers (e.g. linear combination of scores or weighted sum) are used to combine the scores of several base-systems. How exactly do correlation and imbalance nature of base-system performance affect the fixed rules and trainable classifiers? We study these joint aspects using the commonly used error measurement in biometric authentication, namely Equal Error Rate (EER). Similar to several previous studies in the literature, the central assumption used here is that the class-dependent scores of a biometric system are approximately normally distributed. However, different from them, the novelty of this study is to make a direct link between the EER measure and the fusion schemes mentioned. Both synthetic and real experiments (with as many as 512 fusion experiments carried out on the XM2VTS benchmark score-level fusion data sets) verify our proposed theoretical modeling of EER of the two families of combination scheme. In particular, it is found that weighted sum can provide the best generalisation performance when its weights are estimated correctly. It also has the additional advantage that score normalisation prior to fusion is not needed, contrary to the rest of fixed fusion rules. 2 IDIAP–RR 05-01 1

Norman Poh A; Samy Bengio A; Norman Poh; Samy Bengio

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Two-stage fixed-bed gasifier with selectable middle gas off-take point  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A two-stage fixed bed coal gasifier wherein an annular region is in registry with a gasification zone underlying a devolatilization zone for extracting a side stream of high temperature substantially tar-free gas from the gasifier. A vertically displaceable skirt means is positioned within the gasifier to define the lower portion of the annular region so that vertical displacement of the skirt means positions the inlet into the annular region in a selected location within or in close proximity to the gasification zone for providing a positive control over the composition of the side stream gas.

Strickland, Larry D. (Morgantown, WV); Bissett, Larry A. (Morgantown, WV)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Uncertainty due to non-linearity in radiation thermometers calibrated by multiple fixed points  

SciTech Connect

A new method to estimate the uncertainty due to non-linearity is described on the n= 3 scheme basis. The expression of uncertainty is mathematically derived applying the random walk method. The expression is simple and requires only the temperatures of the fixed points and a relative uncertainty value for each flux-doubling derived from the non-linearity measurement. We also present an example of the method, in which the uncertainty of temperature measurement by a radiation thermometer is calculated on the basis of non-linearity measurement.

Yamaguchi, Y.; Yamada, Y. [National Metrology Institute of Japan, AIST, Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan)] [National Metrology Institute of Japan, AIST, Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan)

2013-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

277

A little rain doesn't fix it: Farmers and ranchers remain cautious as drought continues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A little rain doesn?t fix it Farmers and ranchers remain cautious as drought continues Summer 2012 tx H2O 11 ] Story by Danielle Kalisek Rains in the Brazos Valley early in 2012 helped this grass green up, but more rains are needed now... have helped ease the pressure, farmers and ranchers remain cautious, remembering the pain of last year as they prepare for the future. ?If you look at what the climatologists are saying, the La Ni?a event expired around the end of April, and we...

Kalisek, Danielle

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Does Electricity (and Heat) Network Regulation have anything to learn from Fixed Line Telecoms?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

 customers. It is in this context that fixed line  telecoms deregulation becomes of interest. Indeed energy network deregulation and telecoms  deregulation may indeed be technologically related by the fact that micro?grid or ‘island’ power and  heat systems might rely...  usually (but not always) different from the sort of  energy service driven investments that this paper envisages, where independent networks may arise  as part of the optimal asset configuration of a new entrant supply company (e.g. a local energy  service company based on a local combined heat and power...

Pollitt, Michael G.

279

Measures to Reduce Grate Material Wear in Fixed-Bed Combustion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a grate furnace the fuel forms a burning bed resting on a grate. ... The grate is typically sloping from the fuel inlet to the ash pit and the fuel is transported by reciprocating or vibrating movements of the grate or by adjusting the slope to allow the fuel to be transported by gravity (fixed grates). ... The symbol (×) is the measured temperature between the grate and the bed during burn-out of wood char(15) and the symbol (+) is the measured temperature inside a grate rod during combustion of wood chips. ...

Sven Hermansson; Henrik Thunman

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

280

Sorption of anionic surfactants on a fixed bed of rubber granules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The performance of a fixed-bed adsorber (FBR) column for the removal of anionic surfactants from aquatic environments has been studied. Waste tyre rubber granules were used as the adsorbent material, and sodium dodecyl sulfate, an anionic surfactant, as the adsorbate. The FBR column design parameters were evaluated using the column breakthrough data at different bed depths. The Bohert and Adams model was used with the bed depth service time approach for the design of the column. The bed efficiency obtained was 90.97%.

Paritosh Das Purakayastha; Anjali Pal; Manas Bandyopadhyay

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed tilt ground-mount" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Time-Resolved Molecular Frame Dynamics of Fixed-in-Space CS2 Molecules  

SciTech Connect

Random orientation of molecules within a sample leads to blurred observationsof chemical reactions studied from the laboratory perspective. Methodsdeveloped for the dynamic imaging of molecular structures and processesstruggle with this, as measurements are optimally made in the molecular frame.Here we uselaser alignment to transiently fix CS2 molecules in space longenough to elucidate, in the molecular reference frame, details of ultrafast electronic vibrationaldynamics during a photochemical reaction. These three-dimensional photoelectron imaging results, combined with ongoing efforts in molecular alignment and orientation, presage a wide range of insights obtainable fromtime-resolved studies in the molecular frame.

Bisgaard, Christer; Clarkin, Owen; Wu, Guorong; Lee, Anthony; Gessner, Oliver; Hayden, Carl; Stolow, Albert

2009-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

282

Chiral liquids in one dimension: A non-Fermi-liquid class of fixed points  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We identify a non-Fermi-liquid class of fixed points describing the infrared behavior of interacting chiral fermions in one dimension. The thermodynamic properties and asymptotic correlation functions are characterized by universal exponents, which we determine by means of conformal and Bethe Ansatz techniques. The mechanism leading to the breakdown of Fermi-liquid theory is quite general and can be expected to be realized in systems with broken T invariance. As an example we study the edge states of interacting quantum Hall effect systems, where we calculate the universal NMR response.

Natan Andrei; Michael R. Douglas; Andrés Jerez

1998-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

283

Abstract 1892: Development of a clinical targeted next generation sequencing test for challenging formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) cancer samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Development of a clinical targeted next generation sequencing test for challenging formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE...Development of a clinical targeted next generation sequencing test for challenging formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE...

Wenge Shi; Christine Chin; Tingdong Tang; Loretta Hipolito; Preethi Srinivasan; Derek Chiang; David Peng; Emmanuelle D. Tomaso; Shabnam Tangri; Jelveh Lameh; Reinhold Pollner

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Wind variability in the northwestern part of the Black Sea from the offshore fixed platform observation data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The statistically ensured estimates of characteristics of temporal variability of wind speed and wind direction are obtained on the basis of ... observations carried out in 1996–2001 at the offshore fixed platfor...

A. V. Garmashov; A. B. Polonskii

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Warm Humid Climate: Methodology to Study Air Temperature Distribution: Mobile Phones Base Stations as Viable Alternative for Fixed Points  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WARM-HUMID CLIMATE: METHODOLOGY TO STUDY AIR TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION: MOBILE PHONES BASE STATIONS AS VIABLE ALTERNATIVE FOR FIXED POINTS Angelina Dias Leão Costa (1); Lucila Labaki (2); Virgínia Araújo (3) (1) and (2) School of Civil... of occupation with the results of measurements. In fact, in some dense areas the highest temperatures and the lowest humidity levels were found. The proposed methodology of measurements in fixed points using mobile phone base stations is original, provides...

Araujo, V.; Costa, A.; Labaki, L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Serum proteins, indirect fluorescent antibody titers and complement fixing antibody titers in dexamethasone exacerbated anaplasmosis carrier calves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SERUM PROTEINS, INDIRECT FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TITERS AND COMPLEMENT FIXING ANTIBODY TITERS IN DEXAMETHASONE EXACERBATED ANAPLASMOSIS CARRIER CALVES A Thesis by Lloran Wesley Johnson Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A%M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MAS TER 0 F SC I ENC E August 1979 Major Subject: Veterinary Microbiology SERUM PROTEINS, INDIRECT FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TITERS AND COMPLEMENT FIXING ANTIBODY TITERS IN DEXAMETHASONE EXACERBATED...

Johnson, Lloran Wesley

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

287

Test plan for evaluating the operational performance of the prototype nested, fixed-depth fluidic sampler  

SciTech Connect

The PHMC will provide Low Activity Wastes (LAW) tank wastes for final treatment by a privatization contractor from two double-shell feed tanks, 241-AP-102 and 241-AP-104. Concerns about the inability of the baseline ''grab'' sampling to provide large volume samples within time constraints has led to the development of a nested, fixed-depth sampling system. This sampling system will provide large volume, representative samples without the environmental, radiation exposure, and sample volume impacts of the current base-line ''grab'' sampling method. A plan has been developed for the cold testing of this nested, fixed-depth sampling system with simulant materials. The sampling system will fill the 500-ml bottles and provide inner packaging to interface with the Hanford Sites cask shipping systems (PAS-1 and/or ''safe-send''). The sampling system will provide a waste stream that will be used for on-line, real-time measurements with an at-tank analysis system. The cold tests evaluate the performance and ability to provide samples that are representative of the tanks' content within a 95 percent confidence interval, to sample while mixing pumps are operating, to provide large sample volumes (1-15 liters) within a short time interval, to sample supernatant wastes with over 25 wt% solids content, to recover from precipitation- and settling-based plugging, and the potential to operate over the 20-year expected time span of the privatization contract.

REICH, F.R.

1999-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

288

Quantum-corrected drift-diffusion models: Solution fixed point map and finite element approximation  

SciTech Connect

This article deals with the analysis of the functional iteration, denoted Generalized Gummel Map (GGM), proposed in [C. de Falco, A.L. Lacaita, E. Gatti, R. Sacco, Quantum-Corrected Drift-Diffusion Models for Transport in Semiconductor Devices, J. Comp. Phys. 204 (2) (2005) 533-561] for the decoupled solution of the Quantum Drift-Diffusion (QDD) model. The solution of the problem is characterized as being a fixed point of the GGM, which permits the establishment of a close link between the theoretical existence analysis and the implementation of a numerical tool, which was lacking in previous non-constructive proofs [N.B. Abdallah, A. Unterreiter, On the stationary quantum drift-diffusion model, Z. Angew. Math. Phys. 49 (1998) 251-275, R. Pinnau, A. Unterreiter, The stationary current-voltage characteristics of the quantum drift-diffusion model, SIAM J. Numer. Anal. 37 (1) (1999) 211-245]. The finite element approximation of the GGM is illustrated, and the main properties of the numerical fixed point map (discrete maximum principle and order of convergence) are discussed. Numerical results on realistic nanoscale devices are included to support the theoretical conclusions.

Falco, Carlo de [School of Mathematical Sciences, Dublin City University, Glasnevin, Dublin 9 (Ireland); Jerome, Joseph W. [Department of Mathematics, Northwestern University, 2033 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208-2730 (United States); Sacco, Riccardo [Dipartimento di Matematica 'F.Brioschi', Politecnico di Milano, via Bonardi 9, 20133 Milano (Italy)], E-mail: riccardo.sacco@polimi.it

2009-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

289

Evidence of cost growth under cost-plus and fixed-price contracting  

SciTech Connect

As defined by the US Department of Energy (DOE), privatization refers to a shifting of responsibilities for the completion of projects from a cost-plus Management and Operations (M and O) contract, to incentive-based contracts with the private sector. DOE`s new vision is to arrange cleanup work around incentives-based contracts, which are won via competitive bidding. Competition in awarding cleanup contracts can make use of market incentives to lower project costs and reduce slippage time. Fixed-price contracts encourage contractors to minimize schedule delays and cost overruns once the scope of a project has been negotiated. Conversely, cost-plus contracting offers weak incentives for contractors to select cost-minimizing production and management approaches. Because privatization explicitly allocates more risk to the contractor, it forces the government to better define its goals and methods. This study summarizes actual cost experiences with government contracts performed under cost-plus and fixed-price incentive structures at all levels of government. The first section provides some background on the problem of making contractor activity more cost-efficient. Following this are sections on the measurement of performance and the costs of projects, limitations on measurement, and findings of similar studies. The study concludes with appendices discussing the details of the performance measurement methodology and the project data sets used in the study.

Scott, M.J.; Paananaen, O.H.; Redgate, T.E.; Ulibarri, C.A.; Jaksch, J.A.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

1080 IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 16, NO. 5, OCTOBER 2008 Fixed Point Analysis of Single Cell IEEE 802.11e  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1080 IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 16, NO. 5, OCTOBER 2008 Fixed Point Analysis, IEEE, and Eitan Altman Abstract--We consider the vector fixed point equations arising out) values. We consider balanced and un- balanced solutions of the fixed point equations arising in homoge

Bhashyam, Srikrishna

291

LANGEVIN DYNAMICS OF THE TWO STAGE MELTING TRANSITION OF VORTEX MATTER IN Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+{delta}} IN THE PRESENCE OF STRAIGHT AND OF TILTED COLUMNAR DEFECTS  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we use London Langevin molecular dynamics simulations to investigate the vortex matter melting transition in the highly anisotropic high-temperature superconductor material Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+{delta}}#14; in the presence of low concentration of columnar defects (CDs). We reproduce with further details our previous results obtained by using Multilevel Monte Carlo simulations that showed that the melting of the nanocrystalline vortex matter occurs in two stages: a first stage melting into nanoliquid vortex matter and a second stage delocalization transition into a homogeneous liquid. Furthermore, we report on new dynamical measurements in the presence of a current that identifies clearly the irreversibility line and the second stage delocalization transition. In addition to CDs aligned along the c-axis we also simulate the case of tilted CDs which are aligned at an angle with respect to the applied magnetic field. Results for CDs tilted by 45{degree} with respect to c-axis show that the locations of the melting and delocalization transitions are not affected by the tilt when the ratio of flux lines to CDs remains constant. On the other hand we argue that some dynamical properties and in particular the position of the irreversibility line should be affected.

GOLDSCHMIDT, YADIN Y.; LIU, Jin-Tao

2007-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

292

A case history of a fixed bed, coal-derived oil hydrotreater  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With the apparent shrinkage in the worldwide supply of liquid hydrocarbon fuels, upgrading of coal-derived liquids to synthetic crude oils will eventually emerge as a commercial entity. Although the Char-Oil-Energy Development (COED) Project has been shelved in the short term, information about the reaction engineering of the upgrading of coal-derived liquids by hydrotreatment in the COED Process should be relevant to upgrading technologies for other coal liquefaction processes. The COED Process was developed by FMC Corporation and the Office of Coal Research (now DOE) in the late 1960's and early 1970's. The process produced a synthetic crude oil, medium Btu gas and char by multi-stage, fluidized bed pyrolysis of coal. The raw coal-tar produced by pyrolysis was upgraded to synthetic crude oil by catalytic, fixed-bed hydrotreatment. Raw coal-tar has different properties from petroleum-derived oils, and upgrading by hydrotreatment is not an off-the-shelf technology. A 30 barrel per day fixed-bed hydrotreater was constructed and operated at the COED pilot plant site. The pilot plant hydrotreater design was based on conventional petroleum residua hydrotreatment technology together with bench-scale hydrotreatment tests performed by ARCO in the 1960's utilizing coal-tars produced in a process development unit. The pilot plant hydrotreater did operate for about four years providing valuable information about the reaction engineering of the hydrotreatment process as well as providing numerous samples for applications studies performed by other DOE contractors and interested potential users of the COED syncrude. Of note, 50,000 gallons of COED syncrude were supplied to the U.S. Naval Ship Engineering Center for shipboard testing in the boilers of the U.S.S. Johnston on November 15–16th, 1973. This paper deals with the reaction engineering of the guard chamber and fixed-bed hydrotreatment reactors at the COED facility. Of major importance is the study of the role of the feedstock (pyrolysis coal-tar) properties and their effects on the catalysts utilized in the reactors. A working kinetic model has been derived that could allow a designer to optimize a particular set of design parameters and a plant operator to determine catalyst life. A quantitative comparison has been made of the effect of metals content of coal-derived oils and petroleum resids on catalyst deactivation.

Marvin I. Greene

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Design principle and calculations of a Scheffler fixed focus concentrator for medium temperature applications  

SciTech Connect

Scheffler fixed focus concentrators are successfully used for medium temperature applications in different parts of the world. These concentrators are taken as lateral sections of paraboloids and provide fixed focus away from the path of incident beam radiations throughout the year. The paper presents a complete description about the design principle and construction details of an 8 m{sup 2} surface area Scheffler concentrator. The first part of the paper presents the mathematical calculations to design the reflector parabola curve and reflector elliptical frame with respect to equinox (solar declination = 0) by selecting a specific lateral part of a paraboloid. Crossbar equations and their ellipses, arc lengths and their radii are also calculated to form the required lateral section of the paraboloid. Thereafter, the seasonal parabola equations are calculated for two extreme positions of summer and winter in the northern hemisphere (standing reflectors). The slopes of the parabola equations for equinox (solar declination = 0), summer (solar declination = +23.5) and winter (solar declination = -23.5) for the Scheffler reflector (8 m{sup 2} surface area) are calculated to be 0.17, 0.28, and 0.13 respectively. The y-intercepts of the parabola equations for equinox, summer and winter are calculated as 0, 0.54, and -0.53 respectively. By comparing with the equinox parabola curve, the summer parabola is found to be smaller in size and uses the top part of the parabola curve while the winter parabola is bigger in size and uses the lower part of the parabola curve to give the fixed focus. For this purpose, the reflector assembly is composed of flexible crossbars and a frame to induce the required change of the parabola curves with the changing solar declination. The paper also presents the calculation procedure of seasonal parabola equations for standing reflectors in the southern hemisphere as well as for laying reflectors in the northern and southern hemispheres. Highly reflective aluminium sheets are used on the crossbar profiles to complete the concentrator. The reflector is installed at the required site by setting its axis of rotation at an angle equal to the latitude of the site. For daily tracking, these concentrators rotate along an axis parallel to the polar axis of the earth at an angular velocity of one revolution per day with the help of simpler and cheaper self-tracking devices. For seasonal tracking, the reflector rotates at half the solar declination angle with the help of a telescopic clamp mechanism. The design procedure is simple, flexible and does not need any special computational setup, thus offering the prospect of potential application in domestic as well as industrial configurations. (author)

Munir, A.; Hensel, O. [Department of Agricultural Engineering,University of Kassel, Nordbahnhofstr. 1 a 37213 Witzenhausen (Germany); Scheffler, W. [Solar Bruecke G.v.Werdenbergstr.6 D-89344 Aislingen (Germany)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

294

SF6432-FE (02-01-12) Fixed Price Outside US  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2/01/12 2/01/12 Page 1 of 16 Printed copies of this document are uncontrolled. Retrieve latest version electronically. SANDIA CORPORATION SF 6432-FE (02/01/12) SECTION II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR FIXED PRICE CONTRACTS OUTSIDE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO REQUESTS FOR QUOTATION AND CONTRACTS AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN THE SIGNATURE PAGE OR SECTION I. (CTRL+CLICK ON A LINK BELOW TO ADVANCE DIRECTLY TO THAT SECTION) ACCEPTANCE OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLICABLE LAW ASSIGNMENT BANKRUPTCY (07/11) BREACH OF CONTRACT COMPLIANCE WITH THE LAWS OF THE COUNTRY AND THE UNITED STATES DEFINITIONS DISPUTES EXCESS FREIGHT CHARGES

295

SF 6432-FP Standard Terms and Conditions for Firm Fixed-price Contracts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FP (04-95) FP (04-95) Sections II & III SECTION II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR FIRM FIXED PRICE CONTRACTS INDEX OF CLAUSES THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO THIS CONTRACT AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN THE SIGNATURE PAGE OR SECTION I. No. Title Page "A" Clauses apply to Requests for Quotation and Contracts at any value A10 Definitions 2 A11 Unclassified Contract 2 A12 Assignment 2 *A13 Releases Void 2 *A14 Notice of Labor Disputes 2 A17 Delegated Representatives 2 *A18 Defense Priority and Allocation System 2 A19 Terms and Conditions 3 *A20 Permits 3 *A23 Applicable Law 3 A25 Commerce in Explosives, Firearms and 3 Ammunition - Exemption *A27 Order of Precedence

296

SF 6432-CN Standard Terms and Conditions for Fixed Price Commercial Construction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CN (04-95) CN (04-95) Sections II & III SECTION II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR FIXED PRICE CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTS INDEX OF CLAUSES THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO THIS REQUEST FOR QUOTATION AND CONTRACT AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN THE SIGNATURE PAGE OR SECTION I. No. Title Page "A" Clauses apply to Requests for Quotation and Contracts at any value. A10 Definitions 3 A11 Unclassified Contract 3 A12 Assignment 3 *A13 Releases Void 3 *A14 Notice of Labor Disputes 3 *A15 Delivery of Excess Quantities $250 or less 3 *A16 Contractor's Information 3 A17 Delegated Representatives 3 *A18 Defense Priority and Allocation 3 Requirements A19 Terms and Conditions 4

297

SF6432-NI (02-01-12) Fixed Price Former Soviet Union  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2/01/12 2/01/12 Page 1 of 15 Printed copies of this document are uncontrolled. Retrieve latest version electronically. SF 6432-NI (02/01/12) SECTION II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR FIXED PRICE CONTRACTS WITH THE NEWLY INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION INDEX OF CLAUSES. THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO REQUESTS FOR QUOTATION AND CONTRACTS AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN THE SIGNATURE PAGE OR SECTION I. (CTRL+CLICK ON A LINK BELOW TO ADVANCE DIRECTLY TO THAT SECTION) ACCEPTANCE OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLICABLE LAW ASSIGNMENT BANKRUPTCY (07/11) BREACH OF CONTRACT COMPLIANCE WITH THE LAWS OF THE COUNTRY AND THE UNITED STATES DEFINITIONS

298

SF 6432-LA (02-01-12) Fixed Price Outside of US  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2/0112 2/0112 Page 1 of 16 Printed copies of this document are uncontrolled. Retrieve latest version electronically. 1 SF 6432-LA (02/01/12) SECTION II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR FIXED PRICE CONTRACTS OUTSIDE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA INDEX OF CLAUSES THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO REQUESTS FOR QUOTATION AND CONTRACTS AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN SECTION I. (CTRL+CLICK ON A LINK BELOW TO ADVANCE DIRECTLY TO THAT SECTION) ACCEPTANCE OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLICABLE LAW ASSIGNMENT BANKRUPTCY BREACH OF CONTRACT COMPLIANCE WITH THE LAWS OF THE COUNTRY AND THE UNITED STATES DEFINITIONS DISPUTES EXCESS FREIGHT CHARGES EXCUSABLE DELAYS

299

Fixed-Speed and Variable-Slip Wind Turbines Providing Spinning Reserves to the Grid: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

As the level of wind penetration increases, wind turbine technology must move from merely generating power from wind to taking a role in supporting the bulk power system. Wind turbines should have the capability to provide inertial response and primary frequency (governor) response so they can support the frequency stability of the grid. To provide governor response, wind turbines should be able to generate less power than the available wind power and hold the rest in reserve, ready to be accessed as needed. This paper explores several ways to control wind turbine output to enable reserve-holding capability. This paper focuses on fixed-speed (also known as Type 1) and variable-slip (also known as Type 2) turbines.

Muljadi, E.; Singh, M.; Gevorgian, V.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Control systems field equipment forensics : what happened to my PLC and how do I fix it?  

SciTech Connect

The outline for the presentation is: (1) Advance preparation - (a) Think about attacks before they happen, (b) Configuration Management, (c) Backups, (d) Off-site storage, (e) Design and build for resiliency, (f) Training operators to detect attack; (2) Detection - (a) How do I know I've been attacked, (b) The front-line detection system - operators; (3) Triage - (a) Working through the attack, (b) Law enforcement or business continuity, (c) Deciding what to fix first; (4) Field Equipment Forensics - (a) Engineering Workstation, (b) Projects/Configurations/Programs; and (5) Conclusion and Discussion. Red teaming works for supply chain - Finds the worst attacks across multiple dimensions, Shows where to best expend resources to reduce risk, and Provides positive control of potentially negative activities.

Parks, Raymond C.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed tilt ground-mount" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Gauge fixing and residual symmetries in gauge/gravity theories with extra dimensions  

SciTech Connect

We study compactified pure gauge/gravitational theories with gauge-fixing terms and show that these theories possess quantum mechanical supersymmetriclike symmetries between unphysical degrees of freedom. These residual symmetries are global symmetries and generated by quantum mechanical N=2 supercharges. Also, we establish a new one-parameter family of gauge choices for higher-dimensional gravity and calculate as a check of its validity one graviton exchange amplitude in the lowest tree-level approximation. We confirm that the result is indeed {xi} independent and the cancellation of the {xi} dependence is ensured by the residual symmetries. We also give a simple interpretation of the van Dam-Veltman-Zakharov discontinuity, which arises in the lowest tree-level approximation, from the supersymmetric point of view.

Lim, C. S.; Sakamoto, Makoto [Department of Physics, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokkodai, Nada, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan); Nagasawa, Tomoaki [Anan National College of Technology, 265 Aoki, Minobayashi, Anan 774-0017 (Japan); Ohya, Satoshi; Sakamoto, Kazuki [Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokkodai, Nada, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan)

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

302

Gauge-Fixing and Residual Symmetries in Gauge/Gravity Theories with Extra Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study compactified pure gauge/gravitational theories with gauge-fixing terms and show that these theories possess quantum mechanical SUSY-like symmetries between unphysical degrees of freedom. These residual symmetries are global symmetries and generated by quantum mechanical N=2 supercharges. Also, we establish new one-parameter family of gauge choices for higher-dimensional gravity, and calculate as a check of its validity one graviton exchange amplitude in the lowest tree-level approximation. We confirm that the result is indeed $\\xi$-independent and the cancellation of the $\\xi$-dependence is ensured by the residual symmetries. We also give a simple interpretation of the vDVZ-discontinuity, which arises in the lowest tree-level approximation, from the supersymmetric point of view.

C. S. Lim; Tomoaki Nagasawa; Satoshi Ohya; Kazuki Sakamoto; Makoto Sakamoto

2008-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

303

Gauge-Fixing and Residual Symmetries in Gauge/Gravity Theories with Extra Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study compactified pure gauge/gravitational theories with gauge-fixing terms and show that these theories possess quantum mechanical SUSY-like symmetries between unphysical degrees of freedom. These residual symmetries are global symmetries and generated by quantum mechanical N=2 supercharges. Also, we establish new one-parameter family of gauge choices for higher-dimensional gravity, and calculate as a check of its validity one graviton exchange amplitude in the lowest tree-level approximation. We confirm that the result is indeed $\\xi$-independent and the cancellation of the $\\xi$-dependence is ensured by the residual symmetries. We also give a simple interpretation of the vDVZ-discontinuity, which arises in the lowest tree-level approximation, from the supersymmetric point of view.

Lim, C S; Ohya, Satoshi; Sakamoto, Kazuki; Sakamoto, Makoto

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

High Transverse Momentum Direct Photon Production at Fermilab Fixed-Target Energies  

SciTech Connect

This thesis describes a study of the production of high transverse momentum direct photons and {pi}{sup 0} mesons by proton beams at 530 and 800 GeV/c and {pi}{sup -} beams at 515 GeV/c incident on beryllium, copper, and liquid hydrogen targets. The data were collected by Fermilab experiment E706 during the 1990 and 1991-92 fixed target runs. The apparatus included a large, finely segmented lead and liquid argon electromagnetic calorimeter and a charged particle spectrometer featuring silicon strip detectors in the target region and proportional wire chambers and drift tubes downstream of a large aperture analysis magnet. The inclusive cross sections are presented as functions of transverse momentum and rapidity. The measurements are compared with next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations and to results from previous experiments.

Apanasevich, Leonard; /Michigan State U.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Energy Efficiency of Fixed-Rate Wireless Transmissions under Queueing Constraints and Channel Uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy efficiency of fixed-rate transmissions is studied in the presence of queueing constraints and channel uncertainty. It is assumed that neither the transmitter nor the receiver has channel side information prior to transmission. The channel coefficients are estimated at the receiver via minimum mean-square-error (MMSE) estimation with the aid of training symbols. It is further assumed that the system operates under statistical queueing constraints in the form of limitations on buffer violation probabilities. The optimal fraction of of power allocated to training is identified. Spectral efficiency--bit energy tradeoff is analyzed in the low-power and wideband regimes by employing the effective capacity formulation. In particular, it is shown that the bit energy increases without bound in the low-power regime as the average power vanishes. On the other hand, it is proven that the bit energy diminishes to its minimum value in the wideband regime as the available bandwidth increases. For this case, expressio...

Qiao, Deli; Velipasalar, Senem

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/FixedDemandChargeMonth11 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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307

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/FixedDemandChargeMonth12 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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308

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/FixedDemandChargeMonth10 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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309

Split Vertex Deletion meets Vertex Cover: New fixed-parameter and exact exponential-time algorithms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the Split Vertex Deletion problem, given a graph G and an integer k, we ask whether one can delete k vertices from the graph G to obtain a split graph (i.e., a graph, whose vertex set can be partitioned into two sets: one inducing a clique and the second one inducing an independent set). In this paper we study exact (exponential-time) and fixed-parameter algorithms for Split Vertex Deletion.• We show that, up to a factor quasipolynomial in k and polynomial in n, the Split Vertex Deletion problem can be solved in the same time as the well-studied Vertex Cover problem. By plugging in the currently best fixed-parameter algorithm for Vertex Cover due to Chen et al. [Theor. Comput. Sci. 411 (40–42) (2010) 3736–3756], we obtain an algorithm that solves Split Vertex Deletion in time O ( 1.2738 k k O ( log k ) + n 3 ) . • We show that all maximal induced split subgraphs of a given n-vertex graph can be listed in O ( 3 n / 3 n O ( log n ) ) time. To achieve our goals, we prove the following structural result that may be of independent interest: for any graph G we may compute a family P of size n O ( log n ) containing partitions of V ( G ) into two parts, such that for any two disjoint sets X C , X I ? V ( G ) where G [ X C ] is a clique and G [ X I ] is an independent set, there is a partition in P which contains all vertices of X C on one side and all vertices of X I on the other. Moreover, the family P can be enumerated in O ( n O ( log n ) ) time.

Marek Cygan; Marcin Pilipczuk

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Modeling of fixed bed methanation reactor for syngas production: Operating window and performance characteristics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The present work focuses on the development of phenomenological model for the bio-syngas to methane conversion process. One dimensional heterogeneous and pseudo-homogeneous model were simulated for a typical pilot plant scale fixed bed methanator processing 55 mol/h of CO (total molar flow rate of 310 mol/h) with inlet composition of H2/CO = 3, CO2/CO = 1, CH4/CO = 0.5 at 550 K and 1 atm. Performance of the fixed bed reactor at different operating conditions like CO2/CO ratio, H2/CO ratio, effect of H2O in the feed was studied. It was found that for feeds that were not pre-enriched with hydrogen, presence of water and water gas shift activity was found to decrease the catalyst inventory substantially. CO2 in the inlet feed stream would help to decrease the temperature due to dilution effect and more importantly, can be chosen to maximize methane yield per mole of CO converted. Further, the model was simulated to predict the performance characteristics of reactor with a mixture containing two types of catalyst, one of them being specifically added to increase H2/CO ratio in feed through water gas shift reaction. The work also laid the importance of incorporating pore diffusion and external mass transfer locally in the computation of actual catalyst inventory and reactor volume. The work was useful in selection of operating window and assessing the various viable options for an industrial reactor. The model developed will serve in selection of operability window for commercialization of substitute natural gas synthesis (SNG) process.

Naren Rajan Parlikkad; Stéphane Chambrey; Pascal Fongarland; Nouria Fatah; Andrei Khodakov; Sandra Capela; Olivier Guerrini

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Upper bounds on the relative energy difference of pure and mixed Gaussian states with a fixed fidelity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exact and approximate formulas for the upper bound of the relative energy difference of two Gaussian states with the fixed fidelity between them are derived. The reciprocal formulas for the upper bound of the fidelity for the fixed value of the relative energy difference are obtained as well. The bounds appear higher for pure states than for mixed ones, and their maximal values correspond to squeezed vacuum states. In particular, to guarantee the relative energy difference less than 10%, for quite arbitrary Gaussian states, the fidelity between them must exceed the level 0.998866.

V. V. Dodonov

2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

312

Acceleration in the linear non-scaling fixed-field alternating-gradient accelerator EMMA  

SciTech Connect

In a fixed-field alternating-gradient (FFAG) accelerator, eliminating pulsed magnet operation permits rapid acceleration to synchrotron energies, but with a much higher beam-pulse repetition rate. Conceived in the 1950s, FFAGs are enjoying renewed interest, fuelled by the need to rapidly accelerate unstable muons for future high-energy physics colliders. Until now a 'scaling' principle has been applied to avoid beam blow-up and loss. Removing this restriction produces a new breed of FFAG, a non-scaling variant, allowing powerful advances in machine characteristics. We report on the first non-scaling FFAG, in which orbits are compacted to within 10?mm in radius over an electron momentum range of 12-18 MeV/c. In this strictly linear-gradient FFAG, unstable beam regions are crossed, but acceleration via a novel serpentine channel is so rapid that no significant beam disruption is observed. This result has significant implications for future particle accelerators, particularly muon and high-intensity proton accelerators.

Machida, S.; Barlow, R.; Berg, J.S.; Bliss, N.; Buckley, R.K.; Clarke, J.A.; Craddock, M.K.; D'Arcy, R.; Edgecock, R.; Garland, J.M.; Giboudot, Y.; /Rutherford /Huddersfield U. /Brookhaven /Daresbury /Cockcroft Inst. Accel. Sci. Tech. /TRIUMF /British Columbia U., Vancouver, Dept. Phys. Astron. /University Coll. London /Manchester U. /Brunel U. /ASP, Melbourne

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Fumaric acid: an overlooked form of fixed carbon in Arabidopsis and other plant species  

SciTech Connect

Photoassimilates are used by plants for production of energy, as carbon skeletons and in transport of fixed carbon between different plant organs. Many studies have been devoted to characterizing the factors that. regulate photoassimilate concentrations in different plant species. Most studies examining photoassimilate concentrations in C{sub 3} plants have focused on analyzing starch and soluble sugars. However, work presented here demonstrates that a number of C{sub 3} plants, including the popular model organism Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh., and agriculturally important plants, such as soybean [Glycine ma (L.) Merr.], contain significant quantities of furnaric acid. In fact, furnaric acid can accumulate to levels of several mg per g fresh weight in A-abidopsis leaves, often exceeding starch and soluble sugar levels. Furnaric acid is a component of the tricarboxylic acid cycle and, like starch and soluble sugars, can be metabolized to yield energy and carbon skeletons for production of other compounds. Fumaric acid concentrations increase with plant age and light intensity in Arabidopsis leaves. Arabidopsis phloem exudates contain significant quantities of fumaric acid, raising the possibility that fumaric acid may function in carbon transport.

Chia, D.W.; Yoder, T.J.; Reiter, W.D.; Gibson, S.I.

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Integrated operation of a pressurized fixed bed gasifier and hot gas desulfurization system  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of this contract continues to be the demonstration of high fuel gas desulfurization of high temperature fuel gas desulfurization and particulate removal using a moving bed process with regenerable metal oxide sorbent. The fuel gas source for test operation is a fixed bed, air blown gasifier located at GE Corporate Research and Development in Schenectady, New York. The demonstration project also includes the design, construction, installation and test operation of a gas turbine simulator which includes a modified GE MS6000 type gas turbine combustor and a film cooled, first stage LM 6000 nozzle assembly. The hot gas cleanup (HGCU) system and the gas turbine simulator have been designed to operate with the full 8000 lb/hr fuel gas flow from the gasification of 1800 lb/hr of coal at 280 psig and 1000 to 1150 F. An advanced formulation of zinc ferrite as well as zinc titanate have been used as the regenerable metal oxide sorbents in testing to date. Demonstration of halogen removal as well as characterization of alkali and heavy metal concentrations in the fuel gas remain objectives, as well. Results are discussed.

Cook, C.S.; Gal, E.; Furman, A.H.; Ayala, R.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Integrated operation of a pressurized fixed bed gasifier and hot gas desulfurization system  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of this contract continues to be the demonstration of high fuel gas desulfurization of high temperature fuel gas desulfurization and particulate removal using a moving bed process with regenerable metal oxide sorbent. The fuel gas source for test operation is a fixed bed, air blown gasifier located at GE Corporate Research and Development in Schenectady, New York. The demonstration project also includes the design, construction, installation and test operation of a gas turbine simulator which includes a modified GE MS6000 type gas turbine combustor and a film cooled, first stage LM 6000 nozzle assembly. The hot gas cleanup (HGCU) system and the gas turbine simulator have been designed to operate with the full 8000 lb/hr fuel gas flow from the gasification of 1800 lb/hr of coal at 280 psig and 1000 to 1150 F. An advanced formulation of zinc ferrite as well as zinc titanate have been used as the regenerable metal oxide sorbents in testing to date. Demonstration of halogen removal as well as characterization of alkali and heavy metal concentrations in the fuel gas remain objectives, as well. Results are discussed.

Cook, C.S.; Gal, E.; Furman, A.H.; Ayala, R.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Process modeling and thermodynamic analysis of Lurgi fixed-bed coal gasifier in an SNG plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a comprehensive steady state kinetic model of a commercial-scale pressurized Lurgi fixed-bed dry bottom coal gasifier. The model is developed using the simulator Aspen Plus. Five sequential modules: drying zone, pyrolysis zone, gasification zone, combustion zone and overall heat recovery unit, are considered in the main process model. A non-linear programming (NLP) model is employed to estimate the pyrolysis products, which include char, coal gas and high-weight hydrocarbons/distillable liquids (tar, phenol, naphtha and oil). To accelerate solution convergence, an external FORTRAN subroutine is used to simulate the kinetics of the combustion and gasification processes which are formulated in terms of a series of continuous stirred-tank reactors. The model is validated with industrial data. The effects of two key operating parameters, namely oxygen/coal mass ratio and steam/coal mass ratio, on the thermodynamic efficiencies of the Lurgi gasifier and the gasification system as a whole are investigated via extensive simulation studies.

Chang He; Xiao Feng; Khim Hoong Chu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Nested, fixed-depth fluidic sampler supplementary testing - AEAT doc 2926-2-002  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the results of cold testing, completed by AEAT, as part of the proof-of-principle testing for a proposed nested, fixed-depth fluidic sampling system. This sampling system will provide waste samples from the PHMC feed tank to support the privatization contract with BNFL. Proof-of-principle tests were completed with 2 wt% and 10 wt% sand/water and 25 wt% kaolin clay/water simulants with a test setup that spanned the 24 ft to 57 ft height required in the feed tank. The tests demonstrated that the system could pump and sample waste materials with low and with high solids content. In addition, the tests demonstrated a need for some design upgrades to the sampling system, as there was material loss when the sample bottle was removed from the sampling needle. These were complementary tests, completed as part of an EM-50 Tank Focus Area (TFA) to develop a sampling system for validating LAW and HLW waste batches for the Privatization Contract.

REICH, F.R.

1999-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

318

Fixed-flowrate total water network synthesis under uncertainty with risk management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work addresses the problem of integrated water network synthesis under uncertainty with risk management. We consider a superstructure consisting of water sources, regenerators, and sinks that leads to a mixed-integer quadratically-constrained quadratic program (MIQCQP) for a fixed-flowrate total water network synthesis problem. Uncertainty in the problem is accounted for via a recourse-based two-stage stochastic programming formulation with discrete scenarios that gives rise to a multiscenario MIQCQP comprising network design in the first stage and its operation in the second stage acting as recourse. In addition, we extend the model to address risk management using the Conditional Value-at-Risk (CVaR) metric. Because a large number of scenarios is often required to capture the underlying uncertainty of the problem, causing the model to suffer from the curse of dimensionality, we propose a stepwise solution strategy to reduce the computational load. We illustrate this methodology on a case study inspired from the water network of a petroleum refinery in Malaysia. The presence of nonconvex bilinear terms necessitates the use of global optimization techniques for which we employ a new global MIQCQP solver, GAMS/GloMIQO and verify the solutions with BARON. Our computational results show that total water network synthesis under uncertainty with risk management problems can be solved to global optimality in reasonable time.

Cheng Seong Khor; Benoit Chachuat; Nilay Shah

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Linear Fixed-Field Multi-Pass Arcs for Recirculating Linear Accelerators  

SciTech Connect

Recirculating Linear Accelerators (RLA's) provide a compact and efficient way of accelerating particle beams to medium and high energies by reusing the same linac for multiple passes. In the conventional scheme, after each pass, the different energy beams coming out of the linac are separated and directed into appropriate arcs for recirculation, with each pass requiring a separate fixed-energy arc. In this paper we present a concept of an RLA return arc based on linear combined-function magnets, in which two and potentially more consecutive passes with very different energies are transported through the same string of magnets. By adjusting the dipole and quadrupole components of the constituting linear combined-function magnets, the arc is designed to be achromatic and to have zero initial and final reference orbit offsets for all transported beam energies. We demonstrate the concept by developing a design for a droplet-shaped return arc for a dog-bone RLA capable of transporting two beam passes with momenta different by a factor of two. We present the results of tracking simulations of the two passes and lay out the path to end-to-end design and simulation of a complete dog-bone RLA.

V.S. Morozov, S.A. Bogacz, Y.R. Roblin, K.B. Beard

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Fixed Point Analysis of Single Cell IEEE 802.11e WLANs: Uniqueness, Multistability and Throughput Differentiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fixed Point Analysis of Single Cell IEEE 802.11e WLANs: Uniqueness, Multistability and Throughput Differentiation Venkatesh Ramaiyan ECE Department Indian Institute of Science Bangalore, India rvenkat@ece.iisc.ernet.in Anurag Kumar ECE Department Indian Institute of Science Bangalore, India anurag@ece.iisc.ernet.in Eitan

Kumar, Anurag

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321

EXACT SAMPLING RESULTS FOR SIGNALS WITH FINITE RATE OF INNOVATION USING STRANG-FIX CONDITIONS AND LOCAL KERNELS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

algorithm is usually physically non-realizable (e.g., realization of an ideal low-pass filter) orEXACT SAMPLING RESULTS FOR SIGNALS WITH FINITE RATE OF INNOVATION USING STRANG-FIX CONDITIONS.vetterli,thierry.blu}@epfl.ch ABSTRACT Recently, it was shown that it is possible to sample classes of sig- nals with finite rate

Dragotti, Pier Luigi

322

Fixed bed gasification studies on coal-feedlot biomass and coal-chicken litter biomass under batch mode operation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the processes for energy conversion of biomass fuels is thermochemical gasification. For the current study, a laboratory scale, 10 kW[th], fixed-bed gasifier (reactor internal diameter 0.15 m, reactor height 0.30 m) facility was built at the Texas A...

Priyadarsan, Soyuz

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

323

Molecular-level Monte Carlo simulation at fixed entropy William R. Smith a,*, Martin Lisal b,c  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular-level Monte Carlo simulation at fixed entropy William R. Smith a,*, Martin Li´sal b.05.121 * Corresponding author. Fax: +1 905 721 3304. E-mail address: william.smith@uoit.ca (W.R. Smith). www

Lisal, Martin

324

Horizontal coherence of low-frequency fixed-path sound in a continental shelf region with internal-wave activity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Horizontal coherence of low-frequency fixed-path sound in a continental shelf region with internal gain, horizontally lagged spatial correlation function, and coherent beam power. These quantities vary variations of three coher- ence measures, horizontal correlation length, array gain, and ratio of actual

325

1 | P a g e Summary of Fish-Barge Interaction Research and Fixed Dual Frequency Identification Sonar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 | P a g e Summary of Fish-Barge Interaction Research and Fixed Dual Frequency Identification of Engineers (USACE) and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) have conducted laboratory and field in the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal (CSSC) and the resulting impacts to fish behavior. The experiments

US Army Corps of Engineers

326

EXPERIMENTS WITH POWDERED CMN THERMOMETERS BETWEEN 10 mK AND 4K, AND A COMPARISON WITH AN NBS SRM 768 FIXED POINT DEVICE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EXPERIMENTS WITH POWDERED CMN THERMOMETERS BETWEEN 10 mK ANDof a powdered CHN thermometer with an NBS fixed point devicesuperficially similar CMN thermometers is also presented. c

Fogle, W.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Draft Genome sequence of Frankia sp. Strain QA3, a nitrogen-fixing actinobacterium isolated from the root nodule of Alnus nitida  

SciTech Connect

Members of actinomycete genus Frankia form a nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with 8 different families of actinorhizal plants. We report a high-quality draft genome sequence for Frankia sp. stain QA3, a nitrogen-fixing actinobacterium isolated from root nodules of Alnus nitida.

Sen, Arnab [University of North Bengal, Siliguri, India; Beauchemin, Nicholas [University of New Hampshire; Bruce, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Chain, Patrick S. G. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Chen, Amy [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Davenport, Karen W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Deshpande, Shweta [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Detter, J. Chris [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Furnholm, Teal [University of New Hampshire; Ghodhbane-Gtari, Faten [University of New Hampshire; Goodwin, Lynne A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Gtari, Maher [University of New Hampshire; Han, James [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Huntemann, Marcel [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Ivanova, N [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Kyrpides, Nikos C [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Markowitz, Victor [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Mavromatis, K [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Nolan, Matt [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Nouioui, Imen [University of Tunis-El Manar, Tunisia; Pagani, Ioanna [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pati, Amrita [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Santos, Catarina [Instiuto Celular e Aplicada, Portugal; Sur, Saubashya [University of North Bengal, Siliguri, India; Szeto, Ernest [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tavares, Fernando [Instiuto Celular e Aplicada, Portugal; Teshima, Hazuki [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Thakur, Subarna [University of North Bengal, Siliguri, India; Wall, Luis [University of Quilmes, Argentina; Woyke, Tanja [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Wishart, Jessie [University of New Hampshire; Tisa, Louis S. [University of New Hampshire

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

SPECTROSCOPIE D'EMISSION SUR PLASMA INDUIT PAR LASER (LIBS) POUR LE SUIVI EN CONTINU DES POLLUANTS EMIS DES SOURCES FIXES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for monitoring of air pollution by industrial sources ABSTRACT The emission of heavy metals from fixes sources able to perform continuous and in-situ controls of heavy metal emissions from fixed sources and is able to perform quantitative analysis of metal micrometric particulates, at the direct source

Boyer, Edmond

329

Data requirement comparison between the fixed site upgrade rule guidance compendium and the Structured Assessment Approach Licensee Submittal Document  

SciTech Connect

We compared the Structured Assessment Approach's (SAA) Licensee Submittal Document (LSD) with the Fixed Site Physical Protection Upgrade Rule Guidance Compendium Standard Format and Content (SFC) Guide using correlation matrices to see how well the data requirements of the SFC Guide coincided with those of a specific automated vulnerability assessment technique for fixed-site nuclear fuel cycle facilities, namely, SAA. We found that a limited SAA assessment is possible using the SFC Guide, but significant and critical safeguards vulnerabilities might be missed. Also, it was found that in some cases the organization and format of the SFC Guide input data and information made the preparation of data for the SAA somewhat awkward. 2 refs., 2 tabs.

Parziale, A.A.; Sacks, I.J.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Fixed-bed gasification research using US coals. Volume 16. Gasification of 2-inch Minnesota peat sods  

SciTech Connect

A single, fixed-bed Wellman-Galusha gasifier coupled with a hot, raw gas combustion system and scubber used to gasify numerous coals from throughout the United States. The gasification test program is organized as a cooperative effort by private industrial participants and government agencies. The consortium of participants is organized under the Mining and Industrial Fuel Gas (MIFGa) group. This report is the sixteenth volume in a series of reports describing the atmospheric pressure, fixed-bed gasification of US coals. This specific test report describes the gasification of two-inch Minnesota peat sods, which began on June 24, 1985 and was completed on June 27, 1985. 4 refs., 18 figs., 14 tabs.

Thimsen, D.; Maurer, R.E.; Pooler, A.R.; Pui, D.; Liu, B.; Kittelson, D.

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Air Gasification of Biomass in a Downdraft Fixed Bed:? A Comparative Study of the Inorganic and Organic Products Distribution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The gasification of lignocellulosic residues by means of such simple and versatile plants is dictated by the necessity of developing technologies capable of processing different biomass feedstocks for small-scale power production (e.g. ... Elemental Composition (wt %) and Fixed Carbon on Dry Matter of the Three Biomass Feedstocks ... Table 2.? Meana Trace Metal Contents (mg/Kg in ash) of Three Different Biomass Feedstocks ...

I. De Bari; D. Barisano; M. Cardinale; D. Matera; F. Nanna; D. Viggiano

2000-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

332

Spin physics and TMD studies at A Fixed-Target ExpeRiment at the LHC (AFTER@LHC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the opportunities for spin physics and Transverse-Momentum Dependent distribution (TMD) studies at a future multi-purpose fixed-target experiment using the proton or lead ion LHC beams extracted by a bent crystal. The LHC multi-TeV beams allow for the most energetic fixed-target experiments ever performed, opening new domains of particle and nuclear physics and complementing that of collider physics, in particular that of RHIC and the EIC projects. The luminosity achievable with AFTER@LHC using typical targets would surpass that of RHIC by more that 3 orders of magnitude in a similar energy region. In unpolarised proton-proton collisions, AFTER@LHC allows for measurements of TMDs such as the Boer-Mulders quark distributions, the distribution of unpolarised and linearly polarised gluons in unpolarised protons. Using the polarisation of hydrogen and nuclear targets, one can measure transverse single-spin asymmetries of quark and gluon sensitive probes, such as, respectively, Drell-Yan pair and quarkonium production. The fixed-target mode has the advantage to allow for measurements in the target-rapidity region, namely at large x^uparrow in the polarised nucleon. Overall, this allows for an ambitious spin program which we outline here.

J. P. Lansberg; M. Anselmino; R. Arnaldi; S. J. Brodsky; V. Chambert; W. den Dunnen; J. P. Didelez; B. Genolini; E. G. Ferreiro; F. Fleuret; Y. Gao; C. Hadjidakis; I. Hrvinacova; C. Lorce; L. Massacrier; R. Mikkelsen; C. Pisano; A. Rakotozafindrabe; P. Rosier; I. Schienbein; M. Schlegel; E. Scomparin; B. Trzeciak; U. I. Uggerhoj; R. Ulrich; Z. Yang

2014-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

333

Syngas methanation for substitute natural gas over Ni–Mg/Al2O3 catalyst in fixed and fluidized bed reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A comparative study was conducted for laboratory syngas methanation over a self-made Ni–Mg/Al2O3 catalyst to demonstrate the technical advantages of fluidized bed over fixed bed reactor. At different reaction temperatures, gas velocities and pressures, the CO conversion and selectivity to CH4 in fluidized bed were shown to be higher than in fixed bed, and much closer to the thermodynamic equilibriums. The spent catalysts from fluidized bed methanation had distinctively low and easy-oxidizing deposited carbon in comparison with that from fixed bed. The results were attributed to the bigger effective catalytic surface, better heat and mass transfer in fluidized bed reactor.

Jiao Liu; Wenlong Shen; Dianmiao Cui; Jian Yu; Fabing Su; Guangwen Xu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Gauge Fixing in the Maxwell Like Gravitational Theory in Minkowski Spacetime and in the Equivalent Lorentzian Spacetime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a previous paper we investigate a Lagrangian field theory for the gravitational field (which is there represented by a section g^a of the orthonormal coframe bundle over Minkowski spacetime. Such theory, under appropriate conditions, has been proved to be equivalent to a Lorentzian spacetime structure, where the metric tensor satisfies Einstein field equations. Here, we first recall that according to quantum field theory ideas gravitation is described by a Lagrangian theory of a possible massive graviton field (generated by matter fields and coupling also to itself) living in Minkowski spacetime. The graviton field is moreover supposed to be represented by a symmetric tensor field h carrying the representations of spin two and zero of the Lorentz group. Such a field, then (as it is well known), must necessarily satisfy the gauge condition given by Eq.(3) below. Next, we introduce an ansatz relating h to the 1-form fields g^a. Then, using the Clifford bundle formalism we derive, from our Lagrangian theory, the exact wave equation for the graviton and investigate the role of the gauge condition given by Eq.(3) in obtaining a reliable conservation law for the energy-momentum tensor of the gravitational plus the matter fields in Minkowski spacetime. Finally we ask the question: does Eq.(3) fix any gauge condition for the field g of the effective Lorentzian spacetime structure that represents the field h in our theory? We show that no gauge condition is fixed a priory, as is the case in General Relativity. Moreover we investigate under which conditions we may fix Logunov gauge condition.

Roldao da Rocha; Waldyr A. Rodrigues Jr

2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

335

Evaluation of fixed? versus variable?modulation treatment modes for charged?particle irradiation of the gastrointestinal tract  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The clinical usefulness of variable?modulation dose delivery of neon ion and proton beams over fixed?modulation beams is evaluated for several patients with tumors in the gastrointestinal tract by comparing dose distributions dose volume histograms and predictions of normal tissue complication probabilities calculated with the two methods. Both techniques provide excellent coverage of the target volume with neon ion and proton beams. The advantage of variable modulation is that less dose is delivered proximal to the target volume. For tumors in the gastrointestinal tract this implies that less dose is given to the liver gut kidneys and lungs. For the ten patients considered in this study variable?modulation reduced the total integral dose by an average of 17% for neon ion beams and by 18% for protons as compared to fixed?modulation. If the tumor volume is excluded the reduction in the integral dose to normal tissues ranged from 15% to 32% for neon ions and from 18% to 34% for proton beams. These gains are larger than those anticipated on the basis of an analytic study by Goitein and Chen [Med. Phys. 10 831–840 (1983)] which predicted integral dose reductions of the order of 10% for protons and 14% for neon ions. They are also larger than those reported in a similar study by Urie and Goitein [Med. Phys. 16 593–601 (1989)] for proton irradiation of skull?base tumors. This is probably because the tumors in the GI tract considered in this study were more irregularly shaped than Goitein and Chen’s analytic model assumes. The results of this study also suggest that due to increased sparing of normal tissues the number of different portal directions required to achieve a satisfactory treatment plan will be reduced for variable?modulation beam delivery systems. This implies that variable?modulation treatment plans will be easier to execute than current fixed?modulation plans.

Inder Daftari; Paula L. Petti; John M. Collier; Joseph R. Castro; Samuel Pitluck

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Modeling and Experimental Studies of Mercury Oxidation and Adsorption in a Fixed-Bed and Entrained-Flow Reactor  

SciTech Connect

This report presents experimental and modeling mercury oxidation and adsorption data. Fixed-bed and single-particle models of mercury adsorption were developed. The experimental data were obtained with two reactors: a 300-W, methane-fired, tubular, quartz-lined reactor for studying homogeneous oxidation reactions and a fixed-bed reactor, also of quartz, for studying heterogeneous reactions. The latter was attached to the exit of the former to provide realistic combustion gases. The fixed-bed reactor contained one gram of coconut-shell carbon and remained at a temperature of 150oC. All methane, air, SO2, and halogen species were introduced through the burner to produce a radical pool representative of real combustion systems. A Tekran 2537A Analyzer coupled with a wet conditioning system provided speciated mercury concentrations. At 150?C and in the absence of HCl or HBr, the mercury uptake was about 20%. The addition of 50 ppm HCl caused complete capture of all elemental and oxidized mercury species. In the absence of halogens, SO2 increased the mercury adsorption efficiency to up to 30 percent. The extent of adsorption decreased with increasing SO2 concentration when halogens were present. Increasing the HCl concentration to 100 ppm lessened the effect of SO2. The fixed-bed model incorporates Langmuir adsorption kinetics and was developed to predict adsorption of elemental mercury and the effect of multiple flue gas components. This model neglects intraparticle diffusional resistances and is only applicable to pulverized carbon sorbents. It roughly describes experimental data from the literature. The current version includes the ability to account for competitive adsorption between mercury, SO2, and NO2. The single particle model simulates in-flight sorbent capture of elemental mercury. This model was developed to include Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms, rate equations, sorbent feed rate, and intraparticle diffusion. The Freundlich isotherm more accurately described in-flight mercury capture. Using these parameters, very little intraparticle diffusion was evident. Consistent with other data, smaller particles resulted in higher mercury uptake due to available surface area. Therefore, it is important to capture the particle size distribution in the model. At typical full-scale sorbent feed rates, the calculations underpredicted adsorption, suggesting that wall effects can account for as much as 50 percent of the removal, making it an important factor in entrained-mercury adsorption models.

Buitrago, Paula A; Morrill, Mike; Lighty, JoAnn S; Silcox, Geoffrey D

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

337

Pulsed spallation neutron source with an induction linac and a fixed-field alternating-gradient accelerator  

SciTech Connect

The paper describes an accelerator scenario of a Pulsed Spallation Neutron Source made of an Induction Linac injecting into a Fixed-Field Alternating-Gradient Accelerator (FFAG). The motivations underlying the proposal deal with the concern of removing technical risks peculiar to other scenarios involving RF Linacs, Synchrotrons and Accumulator Rings, which originate, for example, from the need of developing intense negative-ion sources and of multi-turn injection into the Compressor Rings. The system proposed here makes use of a positive-ion source of very short pulse duration, and of single-turn transfer into the circular accelerator.

Ruggiero, A.G. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Bauer, G. [Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen (Switzerland); Faltens, A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)] [and others

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

The First Fixed-Bed Methanol-to-Gasoline (MTG) Plant: Design and Scale-Up Considerations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The first commercial application of the Mobil Methanol-to-Gasoline (MTG) process is now in operation for over a year in the Gas-to-Gasoline (GTG) Complex in New Zealand. The unique catalyst and reaction mechanism impose important design constraints. The paper discusses the scale-up considerations in the design of the fixed-bed reactor system. Design philosophy and selection of equipment to meet the stipulated process and operating objectives are reviewed. Such unique designs for this plant's effluent heat exchanger and the utilization of computer dynamic simulation for design control will be highlighted.

D.E. Krohn; M.G. Melconian

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Effect of Inoculation with N2-Fixing Spirilla and Azotobacter on Nitrogenase Activity on Roots of Maize Grown Under Subtropical Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...such as photosynthetic efficiency, trans- VOL. 38...Cairo University, Giza, Egypt, 1967). fixation necessarily...University, Cairo, Egypt. LITERATURE CITED 1...N2-fixing Spirillum in Egypt. Nonsymbiotic Nitrogen...Seminar on Biological Solar Energy Conversion Sys- tems...

N. A. Hegazi; M. Monib; K. Vlassak

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Expression and Association of Group IV Nitrogenase NifD and NifH Homologs in the Non-Nitrogen-Fixing Archaeon Methanocaldococcus jannaschii  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...microorganisms and plants to convert solar energy to chemical energy. This process...photosynthetic organisms utilize the chemical energy generated by photosynthesis to fix...Hekpoort Basalt, Pretoria Group, South Africa. Geology 28: 483-486. 48 Sambrook...

Christopher R. Staples; Surobhi Lahiri; Jason Raymond; Lindsay Von Herbulis; Biswarup Mukhophadhyay; Robert E. Blankenship

2007-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed tilt ground-mount" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Enhanced rate of gas hydrate formation in a fixed bed column filled with sand compared to a stirred vessel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The performance of two gas/liquid contact modes was evaluated in relation to the rate of gas hydrate formation. Hydrate formation experiments were conducted for several gas mixtures relevant to natural gas hydrate formation in the earth (CH4, CH4/C3H8, CH4/C2H6 and CH4/C2H6/C3H8) and two CO2 capture and storage (CO2, CO2/H2/C3H8). One set of experiments was conducted in a bed of silica sand, saturated with water (fixed fed column) while the other experiment was conducted in a stirred vessel for each gas/gas mixture. Both sets of experiments were conducted at a constant temperature. The rate of hydrate formation is customarily correlated with the rate of gas consumption. The results show that the rate of hydrate formation in the fixed bed column is significantly greater and thereby resulted in a higher percent of water conversion to hydrate in lesser reaction time for all the systems studied.

Praveen Linga; Nagu Daraboina; John A. Ripmeester; Peter Englezos

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Trajectory and distribution of suspended non-Brownian particles moving past a fixed spherical or cylindrical obstacle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the motion of a suspended non-Brownian sphere past a fixed cylindrical or spherical obstacle in the limit of zero Reynolds number for arbitrary particle-obstacle aspect ratios. We consider both a suspended sphere moving in a quiescent fluid under the action of a uniform force as well as a uniform ambient velocity field driving a freely suspended particle. We determine the distribution of particles around a single obstacle and solve for the individual particle trajectories to comment on the transport of dilute suspensions past an array of fixed obstacles. First, we obtain an expression for the probability density function governing the distribution of a dilute suspension of particles around an isolated obstacle, and we show that it is isotropic. We then present an analytical expression -- derived using both Eulerian and Lagrangian approaches -- for the minimum particle-obstacle separation attained during the motion, as a function of the incoming impact parameter, i.e. the initial offset between the line of motion far from the obstacle and the coordinate axis parallel to the driving field. Further, we derive the asymptotic behaviour for small initial offsets and show that the minimum separation decays exponentially. Finally we use this analytical expression to define an effective hydrodynamic surface roughness based on the net lateral displacement experienced by a suspended sphere moving past an obstacle.

Sumedh R. Risbud; German Drazer

2014-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

343

An interval fixed-mix stochastic programming method for greenhouse gas mitigation in energy systems under uncertainty  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, an interval fixed-mix stochastic programming (IFSP) model is developed for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction management under uncertainties. In the IFSP model, methods of interval-parameter programming (IPP) and fixed-mix stochastic programming (FSP) are introduced into an integer programming framework, such that the developed model can tackle uncertainties described in terms of interval values and probability distributions over a multi-stage context. Moreover, it can reflect dynamic decisions for facility-capacity expansion during the planning horizon. The developed model is applied to a case of planning GHG-emission mitigation, demonstrating that IFSP is applicable to reflecting complexities of multi-uncertainty, dynamic and interactive energy management systems, and capable of addressing the problem of GHG-emission reduction. A number of scenarios corresponding to different GHG-emission mitigation levels are examined; the results suggest that reasonable solutions have been generated. They can be used for generating plans for energy resource/electricity allocation and capacity expansion and help decision makers identify desired GHG mitigation policies under various economic costs and environmental requirements.

Y.L. Xie; Y.P. Li; G.H. Huang; Y.F. Li

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Comment on “Tilting of the CuO6 octahedra in La1.83-xEu0.17SrxCuO4 as seen by 151Eu Mössbauer spectroscopy”  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We discuss the different characteristic time scales of the x-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS), ?X, and Mössbauer spectroscopy (MS), ?MS, techniques for structural determination at small-length scales. We show that XAFS and MS can measure different local atomic arrangements in La1.83-xEu0.17SrxCuO4 provided the local structural units are dynamical. Combined knowledge from these complementary techniques is used to determine that the local tilts of the CuO6 octahedra do not vanish with temperature but are dynamic, with the oxygen atoms at the apex positions [O(2)] hopping among local minima of the energy’s surface. Evidence is found for a crossover between different time domains in which the hopping time, ?0, changes from ?0?MS. We conclude that the Mössbauer results [Phys. Rev. B 54, R800 (1996)], contrary to the authors’ conclusions, do not contradict our XAFS results [Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 439 (1996)].

Daniel Haskel; Edward A. Stern; Hanan Shechter

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Planetary magnetospheres: The double tilt of Uranus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... once per rotation. Hence periodic magnetic reconnection may allow the greater efficiency in removal of solar wind energy that is required to power magneto-sphere in circulation plus auroral and electroglow emissions ( ...

Fran Bagenal

1986-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

346

The Fix Issue 11  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

," Minnie put in, "especially with the Cabrillo affair to celebrate as well." Tall trees enclosed the stone-flagged picnic area, extending into leafy shadow along the line of the stepped pathway which led higher up the slope. Though it was still daylight..., and I was practically carrying the guy through my doorway. The Captain thought we were both nuts "the two of you belong in the hospital for observation at least!" he'd yelled. Shit! My ears were still ringing! I told him we both had our fill...

Multiple Contributors

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Perching with fixed wings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Human pilots have the extraordinary ability to remotely maneuver small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) far outside the flight envelope of conventional autopilots. Given the tremendous thrust-to-weight ratio available on ...

Cory, Rick E. (Rick Efren)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

The Fix Issue 8  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-gray backdrop of a false dawn. It was a ship, like a pinpoint angel breasting out of the mist. Chris rubbed his eyes, wanting to make certain he was seeing aright. A ship, making landfall, fair sails billowed. He sat down, heavily, on the sand had lost his..., heading for Charleston harbor. By dawn, she had anchored, and in due course, seven men came ashore in a longboat. The ship's master, Thomas Andrews, clearly shocked by the presence of marooned white men on this island in the middle of nowhere...

Multiple Contributors

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

The Fix Issue 21  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. 'Tony's? They finished remodeling last month, didn't they?" Starsky nodded, turning left at the light. 4 1 f r r listo Tony must've spent a bundle. Hutch felt a sudden burst of nostalgia for the place the way it used to be, dark wood... at the table, examining a deep groove in the wood where the varnish had settled into awaxy buildup. He looked ^I backup again, then,opening hismouth up to saysomething, to commenton the music, butstopped, realizing that Starsky hadn't said anything to him...

Multiple Contributors

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Fixed Bed Biomass Gasifier  

SciTech Connect

The report details work performed by Gazogen to develop a novel biomass gasifier for producimg electricity from commercially available hardwood chips. The research conducted by Gazogen under this grant was intended to demonstrate the technical and economic feasibility of a new means of producing electricity from wood chips and other biomass and carbonaceous fuels. The technical feasibility of the technology has been furthered as a result of the DOE grant, and work is expected to continue. The economic feasibility can only be shown when all operational problems have been overocme. The technology could eventually provide a means of producing electricity on a decentralized basis from sustainably cultivated plants or plant by-products.

Carl Bielenberg

2006-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

351

The Fix Issue17  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's not your thing, you probably won't enjoy this zine.) Starsky and Hutch are the sexiest partners on tv and they really show it in these pages. I'm talking hot! And there's something for everyone, we have phone sex, a bit of bondage, love on the internet..., help with the worst of it. You don't even have to score," he added coaxingly, with the cunning of a true addict. "Just go to a pusher and use your badge to confiscate some." Starsky wiped his sweating partner's forehead with a towel. Seeing Hutch beg...

Multiple Contributors

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

The Fix Issue 18  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

since this began. Will you remember that, the laughter and the song, whfle we are far apart? (9ur sflence too far deeply pierces me-no matter, now. 'I cannot risk to lose you; 'I will bow to your decision--'Love, how could 'I not? . 'It's taken... grandma always said if you can't stop thinking about something you just have to go and do something about it to get it out of your system. Just don't keep thinking about it because that 's non product ive. Well grandma, I've been non productive about...

Multiple Contributors

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

The Fix Issue 16  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

partner. He turned away from them all, looking very disgusted. If Starsky hadn't been so busy, he might have been amused. To Alvarez he said, "If anything happens to me, be sure to ask the Department to reimburse you for your clothes, okay?" "Yeah... lately about the Burley case?" he asked his partner, who was driving. Wankel, who was concentrating on the heavy L.A. traffic, didn't even glance at him. "What do you care?" he snapped. "That's not our department ? that's Homicide." Starsky shrugged...

Multiple Contributors

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

The Fix Issue 22  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

...................................................................... 1 Here and Now by Morgan LeFey ...................................................................................... 18 "I know what you're thinking ... " by Blue Starsky ....................................................... 37 French Winters... are brand new. Some of them are new to fandom and it's my distinct pleasure to welcome them and present their first stories. Welcome back to Blue Starsky and Lutra Cana, your stories are a delight as always. Some news before you start on the wonderful...

Multiple Contributors

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Fixing Failed States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Republic of the Congo 6. Iraq 7. Afghanistan 8. Centralwars in Afghanistan and Iraq has spent up to $500 billion aMilitary Adventure in Iraq 97 (2006). An army briefing noted

Yoo, John

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

The Fix Issue 10  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"love cout: mo never be a sin" is so right and brough,pa tears to my eyes - it would be lovely i : p. we could force all the maniacs in thi: Sf cra zy world t.o read and understand sue: beautiful words. Sorry, I digress! Thi: r l Story also agreed... "love cout: mo never be a sin" is so right and brough,pa tears to my eyes - it would be lovely i : p. we could force all the maniacs in thi: Sf cra zy world t.o read and understand sue: beautiful words. Sorry, I digress! Thi: r l Story also agreed...

Multiple Contributors

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

[FIXED RATE GUARANTEED OBLIGATIONS  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Section 4.01. "Demand Date" has the meaning set forth in Section 4.02. "DOE" has the meaning set forth in the introductory paragraph hereof. "Dollars" or "" means the lawful...

358

Fixing the Planet?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...revenue neutral. Nor does he allow for innovative implementation strategies (e.g...prospects. He suggests that “carbon remediation” (by which he means removing carbon...of the carbon dioxide. Both carbon remediation and carbon sequestration are considered...

Kevin E. Trenberth

2010-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

359

The Fix Issue 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

'd argued about it the night before. "suu gua./tcU.ng me?" Hu-tch ha.d become 6MCMUC. "Not g(la./tcU.ng - J.>upettv-i.?-i.ng." Starsky had prevailed; and when the nightmares had wakened Hutch, he'd been there to banish them. And Forest had a lot...'d argued about it the night before. "suu gua./tcU.ng me?" Hu-tch ha.d become 6MCMUC. "Not g(la./tcU.ng - J.>upettv-i.?-i.ng." Starsky had prevailed; and when the nightmares had wakened Hutch, he'd been there to banish them. And Forest had a lot...

Multiple Contributors

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Face Fixing Cameras  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Broadcast Transcript: Beauty is in the eye of the beholder--or on the screen of a digital camera. We are our own worst critics, so few people are satisfied with the way they appear in photographs. A Japanese company recently ...

Boyd, David

2011-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed tilt ground-mount" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

The Fix Issue 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's quiet side, the side that would provide a neck massage, build a model of an old ship with delicate precision or spend hours by himself in a dark room for one single photograph. That side was with Hutch now, even as he sat on Starsky's couch letting... that, too, but it would've blown over just as fast, I was sure. Daddy Hutchinson would've paid off Mary Lou's folks, given me a slap across the wrist, then probably dismissed the whole thing with a 'boys will be boys' shrug. Knocking up a girl would...

Multiple Contributors

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

9 - Afghanistan Border Fixing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The international borders of Afghanistan were defined in late nineteenth century when the British Empire, in collaboration with the Russian and Persian empires, forced the present-day borders onto the greater Afghanistan region. Prior to border demarcation through foreign border commissions (British, Russian, Persian, Chinese), almost no Afghans were involved. Parts of the existing borders have remained highly contentious to this day, with the Durand-Line border between Afghanistan and Pakistan that was drawn to deliberately split the Pashtun tribes, being the most heated argument of the present time. Basically Afghanistan has opposed this border, whereas official Pakistan, wants to keep the border as is. This is precisely because the border does effectively divide the fractious Pashtuns and better enable the Punjabi-dominated government in Pakistan to keep control of its portion of the tribes. Partition of Afghanistan has been discussed repeatedly, particularly when conditions and politics have become extreme and violent.

John F. Shroder

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Simultaneous measurement of x-ray absorption spectra and kinetics : a fixed-bed, plug-flow operando reactor.  

SciTech Connect

An inexpensive fixed-bed, plug-flow operando reactor is described in which X-ray absorbance and kinetic data can be measured simultaneously. Pt L3 (11.56 keV) XANES and EXAFS data were obtained on a 1.5% Pt/silica catalyst in borosilicate glass reactors of different diameters, 3-6 mm, and thicknesses, 0.3-1.2 mm, some of which are capable of operation at pressures up to about 40 atm. Additionally, polyimide tubular reactors with low absorbance can be used for lower energy edges of the 3d transition metals, or fluorescence detection for low concentration or highly absorbing supports. With the polyimide reactor, however, the pressure is limited to {approx}3.5 atm and the reaction temperature to about 300 C. To validate the reactor, the rate and activation energies for the water-gas shift reaction on 2% Pd, 13.7% Zn on Al2O3 catalyst were within 15% of those obtained in a standard laboratory reactor, which is within laboratory reproducibility. In addition, the Pd K edge (24.35 keV) XANES and EXAFS data on pre-reduced catalyst were identical to that previously determined on a regular cell. The EXAFS data show that the degree of Pd-Zn alloy formation changes with reaction temperature demonstrating the importance of characterizing the catalyst under reaction conditions.

Fingland, B. R.; Ribeiro, F. H.; Miller, J. T.; Purdue Univ.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Biological removal of organic constituents in quench water from a slagging, fixed-bed coal-gasification pilot plant  

SciTech Connect

This study is part of an effort to assess the efficiency of activated-sludge treatment for removal of organic constituents from high-Btu coal-gasification pilot-plant quench waters. A sample of raw-gas quench water was obtained from the Grand Forks Energy and Technology Center's pilot plant, which employs the slagging, fixed-bed gasification process. The quench water generated in the processing of Indian Head lignite was pretreated to reduce ammonia and alkalinity, and then diluted and subjected to long-term biological treatment, followed by detailed characterization and analysis of organic constituents. The pretreated (influent) and treated (effluent) samples were extracted using a methylene chloride, pH-fractionation method to obtain acid, base, and neutral fractions, which were analyzed by capillary-column gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Over 99% of the total extractable and chromatographable organic material in the influent acid fraction was composed of phenol and alkylated phenols. Biological treatment removed these compounds almost completely. Major components of the influent base fraction were alkylated pyridines, anilines, aminopyrroles, imidazoles and/or pyrazoles, diazines, and quinolines. Removal efficiency of these compounds ranged between 90 and 100%. The influent neutral fraction was composed mainly of cycloalkanes, cycloalkenes, naphthalene, indole, acetophenone, and benzonitrile. Alkylated benzenes were generally absent. Removal efficiencies of these compounds were generally very good, except for certain alkylated cycloalkanes and cycloalkenes. Results are compared with those of a similar study on HYGAS coal-gasification quench water.

Stamoudis, V C; Luthy, R G

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Unsteady-state kinetic simulation of naphtha reforming and coke combustion processes in the fixed and moving catalyst beds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The work is dedicated to the construction of kinetics models for the naphtha reforming process and the adjacent process of catalyst regeneration by coke combustion. The proposed kinetic model for the reforming process is based on the use of common rate equations for the groups of similar reactions with account of difference in reaction rates for individual homologs within these groups by simple correlations with thermodynamic properties (first of all – with the values of Gibbs free energy) of individual reactions and by other simplification methods. Such approach gives the way to construct the kinetics models optimal from the point of view of compromise between accuracy and simplicity. The proposed naphtha reforming model is characterized with the high level of kinetic scheme detailization (62 individual and group reactants and 146 individual reactions), at the same it is rather simple and provides the accurate description of the experimental data using only 22 kinetic parameters. This model is thermodynamically consistent and provides accurate description of experimental data in a wide range of process parameters. Account of catalyst deactivation by coke deposition in the model gives the way to simulate transient reforming process performance both in fixed and moving catalyst beds. Kinetics of coke combustion for catalysts with moderate coke content (up to 3% mass) may described by simple kinetic equation with apparent reaction rate orders closed to unit for relative coke content and to 1/2 for oxygen. Demonstration simulations of naphtha reforming and coke combustion processes are presented.

Andrey N. Zagoruiko; Alexander S. Belyi; Mikhail D. Smolikov; Alexander S. Noskov

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Simultaneous Quantification of Active Carbon- and Nitrogen-Fixing Communities and Estimation of Fixation Rates Using Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization and Flow Cytometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...step in the introduction of C into the food web. The determination of the fate of fixed...fixation can be made, C sequestration and food web production also can be estimated (8...Isotope baseline shifts in pelagic food webs of the Gulf of Mexico. Mar. Ecol. Prog...

Allison S. McInnes; Alicia K. Shepard; Eric J. Raes; Anya M. Waite; Antonietta Quigg

2014-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

367

Fluid Mechanics -1 An oil is used in a heat exchanger. The internal geometry consists of many small diameter tubes of fixed length  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fluid Mechanics - 1 An oil is used in a heat exchanger. The internal geometry consists of many small diameter tubes of fixed length (mounted in a bundle as indicated in the sketch). The oil is pumped). Assume the steady flow of the oil through each small tube is in the laminar regime. It is proposed

Virginia Tech

368

Gasification of lignite in a fixed bed reactor: Influence of particle size on performance of downdraft gasifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this work, an experimental study of the gasification of lignite with various particle sizes was carried out in a pilot-scale (10 kWe) downdraft type fixed bed gasifier. The main objective of the study was to investigate the feasibility of the lignite as a fuel for downdraft gasifier and to evaluate the effect of the particle size on gasifier performance. The influence of the particle size on fuel consumption rate, temperature profile in various zone, gas yield, gas composition and cold gas efficiency was studied. Six different particle sizes viz. 13–16 mm, 16–19 mm, 19–22 mm, 22–25 mm, 25–28 mm, 28–31 mm were selected for experimental work. With the increase in particle size, the reduction in fuel consumption rate was observed, whereas the producer gas production rate had increased. The heating value of the gas increased as particle size increased from 13–16 mm to 22–25 mm and then same had decreased with increase in particle size. Higher temperature in reduction zone resulted in higher H2 and CO contents in producer gas. Under the experiment conditions, the fuel consumption rate, gas yields, LHV (Lower heating value) of gas fuel and cold gas efficiency varied in the range of 9.58–10.67 kg/hr, 2.43–2.63 Nm3/kg, 3.33–4.17 MJ/Nm3 and 51.5%–65.7% respectively. The experimental results showed that the gasification performance was better with lignite particle size of 22–25 mm.

Vimal R. Patel; Darshit S. Upadhyay; Rajesh N. Patel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Fixed Price General Provisions for Supplies/Services -Foreign Battelle Memorial Institute Page 1 of 23 Form A-110-Foreign-FP-R8 (March 2013) Pacific Northwest National Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Price General Provisions for Supplies/Services - Foreign Battelle Memorial Institute Page 1 of 23 Form A-110-Foreign-FP-R8 (March 2013) Pacific Northwest National Laboratory GENERAL PROVISIONS Fixed Price) _______________________________________________________ 3 Changes ­ Fixed Price (cl. F-746b ­ Jan 2010

370

2-D Modeling of thermo-kinetics coupled with heat and mass transfer in the reduction zone of a fixed bed downdraft biomass gasifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A two dimensional modeling is developed in the reduction zone of a fixed bed downdraft biomass gasifier based on mass, energy and momentum conservation equations written for the solid and fluid phases and coupled with chemical kinetics. Kinetics parameters are derived from previous works and an effectiveness factor was used in the reaction rate correlation to quantify the mass transfer resistance in the bed. The obtained numerical results are compared with experimental and numerical data from literature and a reasonable agreement is observed. Fields of temperature, gaseous concentrations are investigated for the two-dimensional domain. Results show that the solid and fluid inlet temperatures to the reduction zone and the reactivity of the bio-char including the effectiveness factor are the main variables affecting the conversion of char to syngas in the gasification zone of the fixed bed reactor.

Mohamed Ali Masmoudi; Melik Sahraoui; Najla Grioui; Kamel Halouani

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Analysis of Bose-Einstein correlations at fixed multiplicities in TeV energy $pp$ collisions in the quantum optical approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The multiplicity distribution and the two-particle Bose-Einstein correlations at fixed multiplicities observed in $pp$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV by the ALICE Collaboration are analyzed by the formulae obtained in the quantum optical approach. The chaoticity parameters in the inclusive and semi-inclusive events are estimated from the analysis. Multiplicity or $k_T$ dependence of longitudinal and transverse source radii are also estimated.

N. Suzuki; M. Biyajima

2013-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

372

Pre- and post-synchronization methodologies to enhance the efficiency of fixed timed artificial insemination in pharmacologically-controlled breeding systems with Bos indicus-influenced cattle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PRE? AND POST?SYNCHRONIZATION METHODOLOGIES TO  ENHANCE THE EFFICIENCY OF FIXED TIMED ARTIFICIAL  INSEMINATION IN PHARMACOLOGICALLY?CONTROLLED BREEDING  SYSTEMS WITH BOS INDICUS?INFLUENCED CATTLE    A Thesis  by  JUAN... FEDERICO ZULUAGA VELEZ    Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of   Texas A&M University   in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of  MASTER OF SCIENCE      December 2006    Major Subject: Physiology of Reproduction  PRE...

Zuluaga Velez, Juan Federico

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

373

What you find is not always what you fix—How other aspects than causes of accidents decide recommendations for remedial actions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In accident investigation, the ideal is often to follow the principle “what-you-find-is-what-you-fix”, an ideal reflecting that the investigation should be a rational process of first identifying causes, and then implement remedial actions to fix them. Previous research has however identified cognitive and political biases leading away from this ideal. Somewhat surprisingly, however, the same factors that often are highlighted in modern accident models are not perceived in a recursive manner to reflect how they influence the process of accident investigation in itself. Those factors are more extensive than the cognitive and political biases that are often highlighted in theory. Our purpose in this study was to reveal constraints affecting accident investigation practices that lead the investigation towards or away from the ideal of “what-you-find-is-what-you-fix”. We conducted a qualitative interview study with 22 accident investigators from different domains in Sweden. We found a wide range of factors that led investigations away from the ideal, most which more resembled factors involved in organizational accidents, rather than reflecting flawed thinking. One particular limitation of investigation was that many investigations stop the analysis at the level of “preventable causes”, the level where remedies that were currently practical to implement could be found. This could potentially limit the usefulness of using investigations to get a view on the “big picture” of causes of accidents as a basis for further remedial actions.

Jonas Lundberg; Carl Rollenhagen; Erik Hollnagel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Studies of Transverse-Momentum-Dependent distributions with A Fixed-Target ExpeRiment using the LHC beams (AFTER@LHC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the studies of Transverse-Momentum-Dependent distributions (TMDs) at a future fixed-target experiment --AFTER@LHC-- using the $p^+$ or Pb ion LHC beams, which would be the most energetic fixed-target experiment ever performed. AFTER@LHC opens new domains of particle and nuclear physics by complementing collider-mode experiments, in particular those of RHIC and the EIC projects. Both with an extracted beam by a bent crystal or with an internal gas target, the luminosity achieved by AFTER@LHC surpasses that of RHIC by up to 3 orders of magnitude. With an unpolarised target, it allows for measurements of TMDs such as the Boer-Mulders quark distributions and the distribution of unpolarised and linearly polarised gluons in unpolarised protons. Using polarised targets, one can access the quark and gluon Sivers TMDs through single transverse-spin asymmetries in Drell-Yan and quarkonium production. In terms of kinematics, the fixed-target mode combined with a detector covering $\\eta_{\\rm lab} \\in [1,5]$ ...

Massacrier, L; Arnaldi, R; Brodsky, S J; Chambert, V; Dunnen, W den; Didelez, J P; Genolini, B; Ferreiro, E G; Fleuret, F; Gao, Y; Hadjidakis, C; Hrivnacova, I; Lansberg, J P; Lorcé, C; Mikkelsen, R; Pisano, C; Rakotozafindrabe, A; Rosier, P; Schienbein, I; Schlegel, M; Scomparin, E; Trzeciak, B; Uggerhoj, U I; Ulrich, R; Yang, Z

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Motion as perturbation. II. Development of the method for dosimetric analysis of motion effects with fixed-gantry IMRT  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: In this work, the feasibility of implementing a motion-perturbation approach to accurately estimate volumetric dose in the presence of organ motion—previously demonstrated for VMAT-–is studied for static gantry IMRT. The method's accuracy is improved for the voxels that have very low planned dose but acquire appreciable dose due to motion. The study describes the modified algorithm and its experimental validation and provides an example of a clinical application. Methods: A contoured region-of-interest is propagated according to the predefined motion kernel throughout time-resolved 4D phantom dose grids. This timed series of 3D dose grids is produced by the measurement-guided dose reconstruction algorithm, based on an irradiation of a staticARCCHECK (AC) helical dosimeter array (Sun Nuclear Corp., Melbourne, FL). Each moving voxel collects dose over the dynamic simulation. The difference in dose-to-moving voxel vs dose-to-static voxel in-phantom forms the basis of a motion perturbation correction that is applied to the corresponding voxel in the patient dataset. A new method to synchronize the accelerator and dosimeter clocks, applicable to fixed-gantry IMRT, was developed. Refinements to the algorithm account for the excursion of low dose voxels into high dose regions, causing appreciable dose increase due to motion (LDVE correction). For experimental validation, four plans using TG-119 structure sets and objectives were produced using segmented IMRT direct machine parameters optimization in Pinnacle treatment planning system (v. 9.6, Philips Radiation Oncology Systems, Fitchburg, WI). All beams were delivered with the gantry angle of 0°. Each beam was delivered three times: (1) to the static AC centered on the room lasers; (2) to a static phantom containing a MAPCHECK2 (MC2) planar diode array dosimeter (Sun Nuclear); and (3) to the moving MC2 phantom. The motion trajectory was an ellipse in the IEC XY plane, with 3 and 1.5 cm axes. The period was 5 s, with the resulting average motion speed of 1.45 cm/s. The motion-perturbed high resolution (2 mm voxel) volumetric dose grids on the MC2 phantom were generated for each beam. From each grid, a coronal dose plane at the detector level was extracted and compared to the corresponding moving MC2 measurement, using gamma analysis with both global (G) and local (L) dose-error normalization. Results: Using the TG-119 criteria of (3%G/3 mm), per beam average gamma analysis passing rates exceeded 95% in all cases. No individual beam had a passing rate below 91%. LDVE correction eliminated systematic disagreement patterns at the beams’ aperture edges. In a representative example, application of LDVE correction improved (2%L/2 mm) gamma analysis passing rate for an IMRT beam from 74% to 98%. Conclusions: The effect of motion on the moving region-of-interest IMRT dose can be estimated with a standard, static phantom QA measurement, provided the motion characteristics are independently known from 4D CT or otherwise. The motion-perturbed absolute dose estimates were validated by the direct planar diode array measurements, and were found to reliably agree with them in a homogeneous phantom.

Nelms, Benjamin E. [Canis Lupus LLC, Merrimac, Wisconsin 53561 (United States)] [Canis Lupus LLC, Merrimac, Wisconsin 53561 (United States); Opp, Daniel; Zhang, Geoffrey; Moros, Eduardo; Feygelman, Vladimir, E-mail: vladimir.feygelman@moffitt.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida 33612 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida 33612 (United States)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

376

A Non-scaling Fixed Field Alternating Gradient Accelerator for the Final Acceleration Stage of the International Design Study of the Neutrino Factory.  

SciTech Connect

The International Design Study of the Neutrino Factory (IDS-NF) has recently completed its Interim Design Report (IDR), which presents our current baseline design of the neutrino factory. To increase the efficiency and reduce the cost of acceleration, the IDR design uses a linear non-scaling fixed field alternating gradient accelerator (FFAG) for its final acceleration stage. We present the current lattice design of that FFAG, including the main ring plus its injection and extraction systems. We describe parameters for the main ring magnets, kickers, and septa, as well as the power supplies for the kickers. We present a first pass at an engineering layout for the ring and its subsystems.

Berg, J.S.; Aslaninejad, M.; Pasternak, J.; Witte, H.; Bliss, N. Cordwell M.; Jones, T.; Muir, A., Kelliher, D.; Machida, S.

2011-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

377

Asymptotic Freedom, Dimensional Transmutation, and an Infra-red Conformal Fixed Point for the $?$-Function Potential in 1-dimensional Relativistic Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the Schr\\"odinger equation for a relativistic point particle in an external 1-dimensional $\\delta$-function potential. Using dimensional regularization, we investigate both bound and scattering states, and we obtain results that are consistent with the abstract mathematical theory of self-adjoint extensions of the pseudo-differential operator $H = \\sqrt{p^2 + m^2}$. Interestingly, this relatively simple system is asymptotically free. In the massless limit, it undergoes dimensional transmutation and it possesses an infra-red conformal fixed point. Thus it can be used to illustrate non-trivial concepts of quantum field theory in the simpler framework of relativistic quantum mechanics.

M. H. Al-Hashimi; A. M. Shalaby; U. -J. Wiese

2014-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

378

A Test of the Aversive Transition Account: Extended Pausing Following Signaled Rich-Lean Transitions on Multiple Fixed-Ratio Schedules in Fischer 344 and Lewis Rats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Fischer 344 rats paused longer than Lewis rats at signaled rich-lean transitions at most ratio values. Control procedures suggest this difference is not due to motoric differences between rat strains. 4 A fixed-ratio (FR) schedule delivers a... reinforcer after n responses, where n is the size of the ratio (Ferster & Skinner, 1957). Responding on FR schedules is characterized by a ?break-and-run? pattern composed of a period of nonresponding (a break, or pause) after each reinforcer followed by a...

Brewer, Adam Thornton

2009-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

379

Accounting for Polarization Cost When Using Fixed Charge Force Fields. II. Method and Application for Computing Effect of Polarization Cost on Free Energy of Hydration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The final result that will be demonstrated is that under appropriate circumstances ?GsolvQM ? ?GsolvCM + Wpol, and so the polarization cost of a single molecular conformation may be added as an adjustment to the free energy computed using a fixed charge force field to produce values that may be compared directly with experimental solvation free energies. ... This approximation allowed the use of polarization costs (actually, energies) to correct hydration free energy results. ... The quality of the vapor pressure results highlights the success of TIP4P-Ew in describing the energetic and entropic aspects of intermol. ...

William C. Swope; Hans W. Horn; Julia E. Rice

2010-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

380

4/22/11 10:54 AMEarth Day: Environmental education has failed. But we can fix it. -CSMonitor.com Page 1 of 3http://www.csmonitor.com/Commentary/Opinion/2011/0422/Earth-Day-Environmental-education-has-failed.-But-we-can-fix-it#comments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Earth for fossil fuels and rare earth elements, pumped more and more CO2 into the atmosphere.com Page 1 of 3http://www.csmonitor.com/Commentary/Opinion/2011/0422/Earth-Day-Environmental-education-has-failed.-But-we-can-fix-it#comments Try a FREE 30 day preview of Daily News Briefing Gallery: Earth Day 2011 Related Stories Happy Earth

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381

SF 6432-LA Standard Terms and Conditions for Fixed Price Contracts Established Under the Renewable Energy Programs in Latin American Countries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SF 6432-LA (04-95) SECTION II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR FIXED PRICE CONTRACTS ESTABLISHED UNDER THE RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAMS IN LATIN AMERICAN COUNTRIES INDEX OF CLAUSES THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO REQUESTS FOR QUOTATION AND CONTRACTS AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY AERE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN THE SIGNATURE PAGE OR SECTION I. No. Title Page "A" Clauses apply to Requests for Quotation and Contracts at any value for work performed A10 Definitions 2 A11 Unclassified Contract 2 A12 Assignment 2 *A13 Releases Void 2 *A14 Notice of Labor Disputes 2 A17 Delegated Representatives 2 A19 Terms and Conditions 2 *A20 Permits 2 *A23 Applicable Law 2 *A26 Officials Not to Benefit (FAR 52.203-1

382

Complete Genome sequence of Burkholderia phymatum STM815, a broad host range and efficient nitrogen-fixing symbiont of Mimosa species  

SciTech Connect

Burkholderia phymatum is a soil bacterium able to develop a nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with species of the legume genus Mimosa, and is frequently found associated specifically with Mimosa pudica. The type strain of the species, STM 815T, was isolated from a root nodule in French Guiana in 2000. The strain is an aerobic, motile, non-spore forming, Gram-negative rod, and is a highly competitive strain for nodulation compared to other Mimosa symbionts, as it also nodulates a broad range of other legume genera and species. The 8,676,562 bp genome is composed of two chromosomes (3,479,187 and 2,697,374 bp), a megaplasmid (1,904,893 bp) and a plasmid hosting the symbiotic functions (595,108 bp).

Moulin, Lionel [UMR, France] [UMR, France; Klonowska, Agnieszka [UMR, France] [UMR, France; Caroline, Bournaud [UMR, France] [UMR, France; Booth, Kristina [University of Massachusetts] [University of Massachusetts; Vriezen, Jan A.C. [University of Massachusetts] [University of Massachusetts; Melkonian, Remy [UMR, France] [UMR, France; James, Euan [James Hutton Institute, Dundee, United Kingdom] [James Hutton Institute, Dundee, United Kingdom; Young, Peter W. [University of York, United Kingdom] [University of York, United Kingdom; Bena, Gilles [UMR, France] [UMR, France; Hauser, Loren John [ORNL] [ORNL; Land, Miriam L [ORNL] [ORNL; Kyrpides, Nikos C [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute] [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Bruce, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)] [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Chain, Patrick S. G. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Copeland, A [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute] [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute] [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Woyke, Tanja [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute] [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Lizotte-Waniewski, Michelle [University of Massachusetts] [University of Massachusetts; Bristow, James [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute] [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Riley, Monica [Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), Woods Hole] [Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), Woods Hole

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

The effects of increased CO[sub 2] on the competitive ability of Lupinus arboreus, a dominant nitrogen-fixing shrub  

SciTech Connect

Plant responses to increased atmospheric CO[sub 2] have been shown to be both species-specific and dependent on other environmental factors, potentially changing competitive interactions and altering community structure. The competitive response of a dominant nitrogen-fixing shrub to an introduced annual (Bromus diandrus) and a native perennial grass (Bromus carinatus) was measured under ambient and high CO[sub 2] and two nitrogen levels. These species coexist in a generally nitrogen-limited coastal grassland reserve besieged with alien species. The relative competitive ability of the lupin increased with CO[sub 2] for all treatments, with the largest difference occurring at low nitrogen in competition with the introduced annual. This study provides a global change perspective for those interested in conserving native Californian grassland species, as well as the first data on the competitive response of nitrogen-fixers to high CO[sub 2].

Wallace, A.M. (State Univ. of New York, Stony Brooks (United States))

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Where the wind blows: Assessing the effect of fixed and premium based feed-in tariffs on the spatial diversification of wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Feed-in tariffs (FIT) are among the most important policy instruments to promote renewable electricity production. The fixed-price FIT (FFIT), which guarantee a fixed price for every unit of produced electricity and the premium based FIT (PFIT), which pay a premium on top of the market price are commonly implemented in the EU. Costs for balancing intermittent electricity production may be significantly higher with FFIT than with PFIT, and FFIT do not provide any incentive to produce electricity when marginal production costs are high. In contrast, PFIT do provide strong incentives to better match renewable power output with marginal production costs in the system. The purpose of this article is to assess the effects of the two tariff schemes on the choice of wind turbine locations. In an analytical model, we show that both the covariance between wind power supply and demand as well as between the different wind power locations matter for investors in a PFIT scheme. High covariance with other intermittent producers causes a decrease in market prices and consequently in revenues for wind power investors. They are therefore incentivized to diversify the locations of wind turbines to decrease the covariance between different wind power production locations. In an empirical optimization model, we analyze the effects of these two different schemes in a policy experiment for Austria. The numerical results show that under a PFIT scheme, (1) spatial diversification is incentivized, (2) the covariance of wind power production with marginal electricity production costs increases, and (3) the variances of the wind power output and of residual load decrease if wind power deployment attains 10% of total national electricity consumption.

J. Schmidt; G. Lehecka; V. Gass; E. Schmid

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Arnprior Solar Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Arnprior Solar Project Arnprior Solar Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Arnprior Solar Project Facility Arnprior Solar Project Sector Solar Facility Type Ground-mount Owner EnXco Developer EnXco Location Arnprior, Ontario, Canada Coordinates 45.435143°, -76.357147° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.435143,"lon":-76.357147,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

386

Sunlight Solar Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sunlight Solar Energy Sunlight Solar Energy Address 4 Oxford Road Place Milford, Connecticut Zip 06460 Sector Solar Product Distributes solar inverters, SunPower panels, roof installation, and ground mounts Website http://www.sunlightsolar.com/ Coordinates 41.245848°, -72.997732° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.245848,"lon":-72.997732,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

387

Feasibility Study of Economics and Performance of Solar Photovoltaics at Massachusetts Military Reservation. A Study Prepared in Partnership with the Environmental Protection Agency for the RE-Powering America's Land Initiative: Siting Renewable Energy on Potentially Contaminated Land and Mine Sites  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of an assessment of the technical and economic feasibility of deploying photovoltaics (PV) systems on a superfund site located within the Massachusetts Military Reservation (MMR). The site was assessed for possible PV installations. The cost, performance, and site impacts of different PV options were estimated. The economics of the potential systems were analyzed using an electric rate of $0.17/kWh and incentives offered in the State of Massachusetts, such as the solar renewable energy credits. According to calculations, MMR can place 8 MW of ballast-weighted, ground-mounted PV systems on the crowns of the three landfill caps and the borrow pit with the PV modules tilted at 30 degrees.

Stafford, B.; Robichaud, R.; Mosey, G.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Natron Resources Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Natron Resources Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Natron Resources, Inc. Place Oakland, California Zip 94610 Sector Services Product Oakland (California) engineering, design and project management services firm with a focus on both commercial rooftop and ground-mounted PV Coordinates 37.805065°, -122.273024° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.805065,"lon":-122.273024,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

389

Toxicity assessment of water and sediment elutriates from fixed-station ambient water quality network stations, 1986, 1987, 1988, and 1989  

SciTech Connect

Toxicity biomonitoring of water column and sediment toxicity was conducted at six fixed network stations from 1986 through 1989. Stations were located on the Holston River, Bear Creek (Pickwick Reservoir), Hiwassee River, Emory River, Nolichucky River, and French Broad River at locations chosen to represent those sub-basins. Tests evaluated acute and chronic responses of larval fathead minnow survival and growth and Ceriodaphnia survival and reproduction to water and sediment elutriates collected from these sites. Samples were collected once each year during summer. Neither water nor sediment elutriates from the French Broad River were toxic during the study period. Water column toxicity (chronic) occurred in Bear Creek in 1986 and in the Nolichucky River in 1987. Sediment elutriate toxicity occurred once during the study period in the Emory (1987) and Nolichucky (1988) Rivers. Sediments from the Holston and Hiwassee Rivers were toxic two times each. Hiwassee River sediment exhibited >1.3 chronic toxicity units in 1987 and 1989 (were toxic at the lowest dilution tested). Holston River sediment toxicity occurred during the most recent two years of testing. Results from the Holston and Hiwassee Rivers may indicate a toxics problem in the sub-basin. No acute toxicity occurred during the study. 4 refs., 2 tabs.

Moses, J.; Wade, D.C.

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Pyrolysis of waste animal fats in a fixed-bed reactor: Production and characterization of bio-oil and bio-char  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: • Produced bio-fuels (bio-oil and bio-char) from some animal fatty wastes. • Investigated the effects of main parameters on pyrolysis products distribution. • Determined the suitable conditions for the production of the maximum of bio-oil. • Characterized bio-oils and bio-chars obtained from several animal fatty wastes. - Abstract: Several animal (lamb, poultry and swine) fatty wastes were pyrolyzed under nitrogen, in a laboratory scale fixed-bed reactor and the main products (liquid bio-oil, solid bio-char and syngas) were obtained. The purpose of this study is to produce and characterize bio-oil and bio-char obtained from pyrolysis of animal fatty wastes. The maximum production of bio-oil was achieved at a pyrolysis temperature of 500 °C and a heating rate of 5 °C/min. The chemical (GC–MS analyses) and spectroscopic analyses (FTIR analyses) of bio-oil showed that it is a complex mixture consisting of different classes of organic compounds, i.e., hydrocarbons (alkanes, alkenes, cyclic compounds…etc.), carboxylic acids, aldehydes, ketones, esters,…etc. According to fuel properties, produced bio-oils showed good properties, suitable for its use as an engine fuel or as a potential source for synthetic fuels and chemical feedstock. Obtained bio-chars had low carbon content and high ash content which make them unattractive for as renewable source energy.

Ben Hassen-Trabelsi, A., E-mail: aidabenhassen@yahoo.fr [Centre de Recherche et de Technologies de l’Energie (CRTEn), Technopôle Borj-Cédria, B.P 95, 2050, Hammam Lif (Tunisia); Kraiem, T. [Centre de Recherche et de Technologies de l’Energie (CRTEn), Technopôle Borj-Cédria, B.P 95, 2050, Hammam Lif (Tunisia); Département de Géologie, Université de Tunis, 2092, Tunis (Tunisia); Naoui, S. [Centre de Recherche et de Technologies de l’Energie (CRTEn), Technopôle Borj-Cédria, B.P 95, 2050, Hammam Lif (Tunisia); Belayouni, H. [Département de Géologie, Université de Tunis, 2092, Tunis (Tunisia)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

391

Employing two novel mechanical fault ride through controllers for keeping stability of fixed speed wind generation systems hosted by standalone micro-grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper proposes and designs two novels Fault Ride Through (FRT) controllers for maintaining Fixed Speed Wind Generation system (FSWGs) stability during fault events. The first technique has been implemented by increasing the wind turbine blade pitch angle with maximum possible rate to reduce the mechanical extracted wind power and consequently suppress wind generation system acceleration. The second FRT technique has been verified by adapting gear ratio of wind generation system to run far from optimum maximum power point and help FRT process. Effectiveness of the two proposed FRT techniques has been proven by accurate simulation of the most severe disturbance conditions. Also, Results indicated that second technique gives faster response than the first one. Without employing any FRT technique, \\{FSWGs\\} cannot keep its stability and the standalone Micro-Grid (MG) transfers to the blackout mode. Implementation the two FRT techniques requires no additional hardware. Only, control algorithms need little modification to deal with fault event and help FRT process. This fact makes the two proposed FRT techniques are simple, practical and highly economical attractive.

Rashad M. Kamel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

A Spirit Level to Be Fixed to a Quadrant for Taking a Meridional Altitude at Sea, When the Horizon is Not Visible. By John Hadley, Esq; V. Pr. R. S.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Fixed to a Quadrant for Taking a Meridional Altitude at Sea, When the Horizon is Not Visible. By John Hadley, Esq; V. Pr. R. S. John Hadley The Royal Society is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve, and extend access to Philosophical...

1733-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Dynamics of Tilt-based Browsing on Mobile Devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with a button- based browser and an iPod wheel. We discuss the usability performance and contrast this with subjective experience from the users. The iPod wheel has significantly poorer performance than button pushing-handed use. An alternative is Apple's iPod click wheel [5] which enables users to scroll the list by rotating

Williamson, John

394

Concrete Tilt-up Construction on the Farm.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

would be possible because of the high labor requirements for construction of the post forms. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS William S. Blair, Jr., Raymond C. Giesecke and Ivan L. Winsett, each of whom received a degree of Master of Science in Agricultural Engi...

Hobgood, Price; Kunze, Otto R.

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Backscattering cross section of a tilted, roughened disk  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An expression is derived for the cross correlation of the electric field scattered from a roughened metallic disk to two points in the far zone. Both exponential and Gaussian surface...

Schertler, Donald J; George, Nicholas

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Tilting Trains: The Italian ETR and the Swedish X-2000  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Karl. 1991. ’~Regional Train Development in Sweden." Public~ gather speed." Passenger Train Journal 19(2), February. "FS launches high-speed train project." "FS r~aches agreement

Barnett, Roger

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

The long time behavior of diffusion in tilted periodic potentials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 18, 2013 ... as front propagation describing the evolution of an interface driven by an external force through ... and T is the absolute temperature), and ?W is a standard d-

2013-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

398

A High Resolution Micro-Electro-Mechanical Resonant Tilt Sensor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Int Soc Optical Engineering, Bellingham, 2010. [3] W. Jian, G. Guowei, L. Penghua, The Study on Lange-angle CANBUS 2-axis Inclinometer of Rotary Drilling Rig, 2010 2nd IEEE International Conference on Information Management and Engineering (ICIME 2010...

Zou, Xudong; Thiruvenkatanathan, Pradyumna; Seshia, Ashwin A.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Performance of the MROI fast tip-tilt correction system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the sub-plate also passes through the insulation and on through a hole in the camera mount to allow the focused UT beam to reach the camera. A window mounted within this tube isolates the air within the camera enclosure from the ambient environment... . Compliant seals surround the tube and sub-plate support pillars, ensuring that any movement of the enclosure is decoupled from the camera and its mount. The camera mount itself is connected to the Nasmyth optical table via a steel interface plate. This uses...

Young, John; Buscher, David; Fisher, Martin; Haniff, Christopher; Rea, Alexander; Seneta, Eugene; Sun, Xiaowei; Wilson, Donald; Farris, Allen; Olivares, Andres

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

400

Vacuum compatible, high-speed, 2-D mirror tilt stage  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact and vacuum compatible magnetic-coil driven tiltable stage that is equipped with a high efficiency reflective coating can be employed as a scanner in EUV applications. The drive electronics for the scanner is fully in situ programmable and rapidly switchable.

Denham; Paul E. (Crockett, CA)

2007-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed tilt ground-mount" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

General Schema for [001] Tilt Grain Boundaries in Dense Packing...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

as showing the frustration of symmetry caused by the incorporation of point defects (vacancies and impurities). This general model for grain boundary structures can, in principle,...

402

Ca0.9Mn0.5Ti0.5O3??: A Suitable Oxygen Carrier Material for Fixed-Bed Chemical Looping Combustion under Syngas Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ca0.9Mn0.5Ti0.5O3??: A Suitable Oxygen Carrier Material for Fixed-Bed Chemical Looping Combustion under Syngas Conditions ... Power generation using chemical looping combustion (CLC) technology has emerged as a promising CO2-capture-based alternative to conventional technology. ... Because of the high oxidation enthalpy, Ca0.9Mn0.5Ti0.5O3?? does not give full combustion of the syngas; still 95% conversion is achieved. ...

Mehdi Pishahang; Yngve Larring; Michael McCann; Rune Bredesen

2014-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

403

Transition to a Clean Energy Reality  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

ACTION MONTH OCTOBER 2014 4th Armored Brigade Combat Team Brigade and Battalion Headquarters with 482 kilowatt ground-mounted, tracking photovoltaic system | Fort Carson, Colorado...

404

Queen Anne's County- Solar Zoning  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Queen Anne's County zoning code allows for ground mounted solar arrays in areas zoned as "open space," "agricultural," and "countryside" districts.

405

EECBG Success Story: New Bedford Builds Foundation for Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

clean, renewable energy to power its municipally owned buildings. This ground-mounted solar array is built on a brownfield site. | Photo courtesy of Con Edison Solutions. New...

406

New Bedford Builds Foundation for Energy-Centric Economic Development...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

clean, renewable energy to power its municipally owned buildings. This ground-mounted solar array is built on a brownfield site. | Photo courtesy of Con Edison Solutions....

407

EA-1796: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

project, a nominal 400-megawatt (MW) solar energy generating facility consisting of a solar field of ground-mounted photovoltaic (PV) panels, an electrical collection system...

408

CX-001320: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

direct current ground mounted, non-penetrating solar panels on an existing, closed landfill. System will interconnect with existing 13.8 kilovolt overhead distribution circuit...

409

04_fall_CCToday_AAs_fixed.pmd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wabash Coal-Fired Fuel Cell Wabash Coal-Fired Fuel Cell ...... 1 News Bytes .................................... 1 Hydrates Capture CO 2 ................... 3 Controlling Zebra Mussels ............ 4 Upcoming Events ........................... 5 Mercury Speciation Data ............... 6 Advanced Membranes ................... 7 Internship Program ......................... 9 International Initiatives ................ 10 Status Report ............................... 14 A NEWSLETTER ABOUT INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR COAL UTILIZATION NEWS BYTES OFFICE OF FOSSIL ENERGY, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY * DOE/FE-0476* ISSUE NO. 59, FALL 2004 See "News Bytes" on page 9... See "Wabash" on page 2 ... WORLD'S LARGEST CLEAN COAL-POWERED FUEL CELL A FuelCell Energy, Inc. (FCE) 2-megawatt (MW) carbonate fuel cell -

410

Scheduling with Fixed Maintenance, Shared Resources and ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 17, 2014 ... The resulting problem is a non-linear scheduling problem with .... Once the grade control plan is constructed we need to solve the utilization ...

2014-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

411

Process for fixed bed coal gasification  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The combustion of gas produced from the combination of coal pyrolysis and gasification involves combining a combustible gas coal and an oxidant in a pyrolysis chamber and heating the components to a temperature of at least 1600.degree. F. The products of coal pyrolysis are dispersed from the pyrolyzer directly into the high temperature gasification region of a pressure vessel. Steam and air needed for gasification are introduced in the pressure vessel and the materials exiting the pyrolyzer flow down through the pressure vessel by gravity with sufficient residence time to allow any carbon to form carbon monoxide. Gas produced from these reactions are then released from the pressure vessel and ash is disposed of.

Sadowski, Richard S. (Greenville, SC)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Insurer B: Fixed rebates for no claims  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The second private health insurer providing data for this study does not rely on the negative sanction of cost sharing at the time of consumption of care as the sole means for limiting moral hazard. Rather, insur...

Peter Zweifel

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Fixing convergence of Gaussian belief propagation  

SciTech Connect

Gaussian belief propagation (GaBP) is an iterative message-passing algorithm for inference in Gaussian graphical models. It is known that when GaBP converges it converges to the correct MAP estimate of the Gaussian random vector and simple sufficient conditions for its convergence have been established. In this paper we develop a double-loop algorithm for forcing convergence of GaBP. Our method computes the correct MAP estimate even in cases where standard GaBP would not have converged. We further extend this construction to compute least-squares solutions of over-constrained linear systems. We believe that our construction has numerous applications, since the GaBP algorithm is linked to solution of linear systems of equations, which is a fundamental problem in computer science and engineering. As a case study, we discuss the linear detection problem. We show that using our new construction, we are able to force convergence of Montanari's linear detection algorithm, in cases where it would originally fail. As a consequence, we are able to increase significantly the number of users that can transmit concurrently.

Johnson, Jason K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bickson, Danny [IBM RESEARCH LAB; Dolev, Danny [HEBREW UNIV

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Fixed-Point-Like Theorems on Subspaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

? V ki i can be approx- imated by a sequence of smooth mappings f ni : M ? V ki i converging to fi, in the sense that limn??? f ni ? fi?? = 0 (see, e.g., Hirsch [12]). Applying the first step to the smooth mappings f ni , we deduce the existence of (x... n i )i?I ?M such that ?i? I , f ni ( xni ) ? ( xni )ki (3.14) or, equivalently, proj(xn?i )ki fi ( xni ) = 0. (3.15) From the compactness of M, without any loss of generality, one can suppose that the sequence (xni )i?I converges to some element (x...

Bich, Philippe; Cornet, Bernard

2004-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

415

The Fix Issue 13/14  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

now anyway," Starsky chuck led, gesturing down at himself as he rose. ?'Looks like you were right before about my costume - around the right person this thing really can be dangerous." Glancing down as he tugged the fur suit off, Hutch almost... now anyway," Starsky chuck led, gesturing down at himself as he rose. ?'Looks like you were right before about my costume - around the right person this thing really can be dangerous." Glancing down as he tugged the fur suit off, Hutch almost...

Multiple Contributors

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Sequential conditions for fixed and periodic points  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in organizing this thesis; Ny wife Susan, who provided moral support. TABLE OF CONTENTS Chavter Page 0. INTRODUCTION I. TWO L~S II. APPLICATIONS REFERENCES 11 CHAPTER 0 INTRODUCTION Let (X, d) be a metric space and f : X ~ X a selfmap of X... = lim d(f i~(x) f i (y)) lim inf d(f (x), fn(y)) . n If f is continuous, the final assertion is clear, since (1. 1) is + satisfied for all m in Z The following result follows from Lemma l. Lemma 2: If lira d(f (x), f (y)) = L(x, y) exists, n ni...

Peters, Burnis Charles

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

417

Holographic non-Fermi-liquid fixed points  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Techniques arising from string theory can be used to study assemblies of strongly interacting fermions. Via this ‘holographic duality’, various strongly coupled many-body systems are solved using an auxiliary theory of ...

Faulkner, Tom

418

Fundamental Aeronautics Program Subsonic Fixed Wing Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TSFC Lift Drag ln Wfuel WPL + WO = ·Aerodynamics · Empty Weight· Engine Fuel Consumption Aircraft Range below by the Breguet range equation, technology advances are needed to lower specific fuel consumption 1 + Velocity TSFC Lift Drag ln Wfuel WPL + WO = ·Aerodynamics · Empty Weight· Engine Fuel

419

Some Things Can"t Be Fixed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as his own. air, yrfllr. I-Ie?d spent the nighl a' Hutch?s, because Hutch was- Hutch was- I?fu tch was whist ling in the kitchen as he tossed ingredients into a grayish-white liquid in his blender. Starsky sat up and shook his head, then gave a...

Hutchrules3

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

THE SUBMARINE REVIEW FIXED SONAR SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of these underwater threats. SOSUS took on an even greater national security role with the advent of submarine based on orbiting satellites. Instead of keeping watch from a high tower, we use photographic reconnais satellites. However, one area of great concern with which satellites continue to have difficulty

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed tilt ground-mount" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Figure 2. Phase-contrast (A) and corresponding fluorescence (B) micrographs of Astrammina pseudopodia that were first labeled with fluorescein-tagged goat IgG, and then washed free of unbound IgG and fixed. (Arrows denote sites of newly secreted adhesive.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

G and fixed. (Arrows denote sites of newly secreted adhesive. Bar = 20 micrometers.) (C) High-voltage electron carbon, and particulate organic nitrogen levels. In addition, 15 distinct algal pigments were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC),and the algal pigments were classi- fied into groups

Moline, Mark

422

A Phase I/II Trial of Intensity Modulated Radiation (IMRT) Dose Escalation With Concurrent Fixed-dose Rate Gemcitabine (FDR-G) in Patients With Unresectable Pancreatic Cancer  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Local failure in unresectable pancreatic cancer may contribute to death. We hypothesized that intensification of local therapy would improve local control and survival. The objectives were to determine the maximum tolerated radiation dose delivered by intensity modulated radiation with fixed-dose rate gemcitabine (FDR-G), freedom from local progression (FFLP), and overall survival (OS). Methods and Materials: Eligibility included pathologic confirmation of adenocarcinoma, radiographically unresectable, performance status of 0-2, absolute neutrophil count of {>=}1500/mm{sup 3}, platelets {>=}100,000/mm{sup 3}, creatinine <2 mg/dL, bilirubin <3 mg/dL, and alanine aminotransferase/aspartate aminotransferase {<=}2.5 Multiplication-Sign upper limit of normal. FDR-G (1000 mg/m{sup 2}/100 min intravenously) was given on days -22 and -15, 1, 8, 22, and 29. Intensity modulated radiation started on day 1. Dose levels were escalated from 50-60 Gy in 25 fractions. Dose-limiting toxicity was defined as gastrointestinal toxicity grade (G) {>=}3, neutropenic fever, or deterioration in performance status to {>=}3 between day 1 and 126. Dose level was assigned using TITE-CRM (Time-to-Event Continual Reassessment Method) with the target dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) rate set to 0.25. Results: Fifty patients were accrued. DLTs were observed in 11 patients: G3/4 anorexia, nausea, vomiting, and/or dehydration (7); duodenal bleed (3); duodenal perforation (1). The recommended dose is 55 Gy, producing a probability of DLT of 0.24. The 2-year FFLP is 59% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 32-79). Median and 2-year overall survival are 14.8 months (95% CI: 12.6-22.2) and 30% (95% CI 17-45). Twelve patients underwent resection (10 R0, 2 R1) and survived a median of 32 months. Conclusions: High-dose radiation therapy with concurrent FDR-G can be delivered safely. The encouraging efficacy data suggest that outcome may be improved in unresectable patients through intensification of local therapy.

Ben-Josef, Edgar, E-mail: edgar.ben-josef@uphs.upenn.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Schipper, Mathew [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Francis, Isaac R. [Department of Radiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Hadley, Scott; Ten-Haken, Randall; Lawrence, Theodore; Normolle, Daniel [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Simeone, Diane M.; Sonnenday, Christopher [Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Abrams, Ross [Department of Radiation Oncology, Rush Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Rush Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Leslie, William [Division of Hematology Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Rush Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois (United States)] [Division of Hematology Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Rush Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Khan, Gazala; Zalupski, Mark M. [Division of Hematology Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Division of Hematology Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Panel designs and tilting equipment for tiltup concrete construction of farm structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

16o f+Oit~ ~eo 18 d 6" e 6' n 0' aine cab ~ aith foa vertical and teer bn'i~ ribo m ccct Ath tea pipes ef ) j6 inch rciafcrc~ bore, ho bar ea y1cc& ia ecch ecrtiml rib eao inch oc1m ~ ccriacc of tho a~4=a oad cas can ploec9 ia tho toy cnd bott... gcnol. into tha dcaircd peci ticsi A vc~ical cQuat--nt la provided to p. . re rain~ cr 1eucrin. ~ tha penal ce cuah rc 8 1/2 1cetes. shia dgu=t~t pcraita tha panel to ba aot cn e bri& lcd' b. hew tha flc m level for daaa in r~~ tata' proof point...

Giesecke, Raymond Clayton

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

424

Deep origin of the Hawaiian tilted plume conduit derived from receiver functions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......interpreted as a secondary multiple phase from the LAB or Gutenberg discontinuity, whereas the phase at 67 to 68 s (labelled PpPL s) could be explained as a multiple phase from the Lehmann discontinuity at about 185 to 190 km depth. We verify lateral delay......

I. Wölbern; A. W. B. Jacob; T. A. Blake; R. Kind; X. Li; X. Yuan; F. Duennebier; M. Weber

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Elastic wave propagation in anisotropic crustal material possessing arbitrary internal tilt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Elastic wave propagation in anisotropic crustal material possessing...symmetry is valid. Additional anisotropic materials such as shales, bedded strata or regularly...tetragonal or orthorhombic anisotropic behaviour rare (e.g. Christensen......

David A. Okaya; Thomas V. McEvilly

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Estimation of the anisotropy parameters of transversely isotropic shales with a tilted symmetry axis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......spherical and cylindrical anisotropic shale samples. Seismic anisotropy...anisotropy in saturated shale, Geophys. J. Int...pulse-transmission experiments yield anisotropic group or phase velocities...and stress field on shale anisotropy, Geophys......

Dariush Nadri; Joël Sarout; Andrej Bóna; David Dewhurst

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Optimal tilt magnitude determination for aberration-corrected super resolution exit wave function reconstruction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Experimental high resolution electron microscopy, 3rd edn. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Thust, A. , M. F. Overwijk, W. J. Coene, and M. Lentzen 1996 Numerical correction of lens aberrations in phase-retrieval HRTEM. Ultramicroscopy...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

E-Print Network 3.0 - automated sequential tilt-series Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Integration of Stored and Real-time Information Automating COA... eCOA Evaluation Automated Scenario Generation Generic EBO Modeling Capability EBO Simulation...

429

Characterizing the Galactic warp with Gaia – I. The tilted ring model with a twist  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......a clear example of the great benefit of having proper motions; whereas...we restrict the sample to grid points with pole counts higher...since meridian lines in a polar grid converge towards the poles...1981) 7:67. Drimmel R. , Smart R. L., Lattanzi M. G. AA......

Hoda Abedi; Cecilia Mateu; Luis A. Aguilar; Francesca Figueras; Mercè Romero-Gómez

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Multi-Context Photo Browsing on Mobile Devices Based on Tilt Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cho,S.J. Murray-Smith,R. Kim,Y.B. ACM International Conference Proceeding Series; Vol. 309, Proceedings of the 9th international conference on Human computer interaction with mobile devices and services, http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1377999.1378006 pp 190-197 ACM Press

Cho, S.J.; Murray-Smith, R.

431

'Tilted' Industrial Electric Rates: A New Negative Variable for Energy Engineers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cost of purchased electricity for industry is rising even faster than for other sectors. Conventional means of reducing power costs include internal techniques like load management, demand controls and energy conservation. External mechanisms...

Greenwood, R. W.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Analysis of flexure pivot tilting pad gas bearings with different damper configurations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

after seizure occurred while running at 120+ krpm for extended period. (a) Localized heating and micro-welding on circumference of rotor within ?Front? bearing (inset shows magnified view of damaged region). (b) Undamaged rotor within ?Rear...

Rimpel, Aaron Michael

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

433

Solar: monthly latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution for...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used...

434

Measurements of static loading characteristics of a Flexurepivot Tilt Pad Hydrodynamic Bearing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and contributions to this research. To all the guys and gal of the Rotordynamics Lab: Miller Robison, Grigoiy Arauz, Jeff Sinclair, Dan Lubell, Jiming Li, Hector Laos, Chrisma Jackson, and Aquiles Lopez - thanks for aII the help during my tests and for making...

Walton, Nicholas Van Edward

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

435

Microsoft Word - Tilted-Rig-TP-Definition-Version1-Aug-14-2012A...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

motion that produces a rising plume (spike) on the left, and falling plume (bubble) on the right, that are almost symmetric; and 2) a Rayleigh-Taylor driven mixing...

436

Human perception and control of vehicle roll tilt in hyper-gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pilots and astronauts experience a range of altered gravity environments in which they must maintain accurate perception and control of vehicle orientation for tasks such as landing and docking. To study sensorimotor ...

Clark, Torin Kristofer

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Construction techniques and costs of tilt-up concrete farm structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in pince+ Bailie (9) used two coats of bond breaking ooagmund to prevent sticking of tim panels to the oasting bed. as may as three panels were cast cn top of each other ~ The J. g. Bann Construction Company (5) granted their steel windows snd doors... spreading eigh". cubic yards of sand over the ouilring site. 3? sand was graded to provide the casting bed for the wall panels as there was no floor slab in this ?tractors, The butter bo-rde anc' string lines were then set. T!w . attsx' were installed...

Winsett, Ivan Lane

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

438

Equatorial Solitary Waves. Part V: Initial Value Experiments, Coexisting Branches, and Tilted-Pair Instability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A series of high-resolution numerical experiments, augmented by theory, to further explore the dynamics of equatorial dipole vortices (Rossby solitary waves) is performed. When the amplitude is sufficiently large so that the vortices trap fluid ...

John P. Boyd

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Tilting at Modern: Elizabeth Gordon's "The Threat to the Next America"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an example of a house that used passive solar heating, andbest houses of the future,? primary among them passive solarHouse I Would Like to Live In After the War,? 31. encouraged passive

Corbett, Kathleen LaMoine

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

A strong, highly-tilted interstellar magnetic field near the Solar System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... hydrogen was not taken into account. Here we report measurements of the deflection of the solar wind plasma flows in the heliosheath to determine the magnetic field strength and orientation in ... We conclude that the interstellar medium field is turbulent or has a distortion in the solar vicinity. The local interstellar medium magnetic field (BISM) is one of the key ...

M. Opher; F. Alouani Bibi; G. Toth; J. D. Richardson; V. V. Izmodenov; T. I. Gombosi

2009-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed tilt ground-mount" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

NETL F 451.1-1/1 Categorical Exclusion (CX) Designation Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Government Buildings - Sempno 1, LLC Installation of 130 kW solar PV system with 565 solar panels on single axis ground mounted solar trackers on 2.1 acres in a commercial...

442

International Microgrid Assessment: Governance, INcentives, and Experience (IMAGINE)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ground-mounted solar PV system Energy storage: o 2 MW – 4units including solar PV, diesel, energy storage, wind, andsolar PV generators, one wind turbine, battery energy storage,

Marnay, Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Commercial Buildings | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

clean, renewable energy to power its municipally owned buildings. This ground-mounted solar array is built on a brownfield site. | Photo courtesy of Con Edison Solutions. How a...

444

Model As-of Right Zoning Ordinance or Bylaw: Allowing Use of Large-Scale Solar Energy Facilities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Note: This model ordinance was designed to provide guidance to local governments seeking to develop siting rules for large-scale, ground-mounted solar (250 kW and above). While it was developed as...

445

SunLink Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name: SunLink Corporation Place: Larkspur, California Zip: 94939 Product: US-based manufacturer of PV roof and ground mounting systems. References: SunLink Corporation1 This...

446

NETL F 451.1-1/1 Categorical Exclusion (CX) Designation Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of 3 MWdc ground mounted, non-penetrating solar panels on an existing, closed landfill. System will interconnect with existing 13.8 kV overhead distribution circuit tap. 03...

447

SOLAR POWER PURCHASE FOR DOE LABORATORIES | National Nuclear...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

buffer zone along Vasco Road. Juwi will also operate and maintain the ground-mounted solar energy system. The facility is expected to generate approximately 6,300 MWh...

448

Reliability analysis of electric power systems including time dependent sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the day. For various PV plant types there are numerous alternative tracking schemes to choose from [5]. Those tracking modes are: ~ No tracking(fixed tilt) ~ East-west horizontal axis tracking ~ North-south horizontal axis ~ Tilted vertical axis..., and vertical variations of temperature. Theses phenomena are of concern to the WTG planners, because excessive shear and turbulence forces can have destructive effects and vary the output. Windmills produce mechanical energy which in turn is changed...

Kim, Younjong

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

NETL F 451.1-1/1 Categorical Exclusion (CX) Designation Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EE0000157 EE0000157 North Carolina Energy Office EERE NC SEO-ARRA PMC/IPOD 2009 Otis Mills, Jr. 2009-2012 Morganton, Burke County, NC Support Small Businesses & Industry Through Energy Savings/Commercial RE Energy Systems - Calor Energy Involves installing a 1 MW fixed-angle, ground mounted solar photovoltaic (PV) system on a 4 acre lawn area, which will increase renewable energy availability on the local electrical grid. 12 13 2010 Otis Mills Digitally signed by Otis Mills DN: cn=Otis Mills, o=U.S. DOE - NETL, ou=Project Management Center - IPOD, email=otis.mills@netl.doe.gov, c=US Date: 2010.12.14 17:30:26 -05'00' 2 8 2011 Cliff Whyte Digitally signed by Cliff Whyte DN: cn=Cliff Whyte, o=US Dept of Energy, ou=NETL- OPFC, email=Cliff.Whyte@netl.doe.gov, c=US Date: 2011.02.08 14:59:06

450

Feasibility Study of Solar Photovoltaics on Landfills in Puerto Rico (Second Study)  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of an assessment of the technical and economic feasibility of deploying a solar photovoltaics (PV) system on landfill sites in Puerto Rico. The purpose of this report is to assess the landfills with the highest potential for possible solar PV installation and estimate cost, performance, and site impacts of three different PV options: crystalline silicon (fixed tilt), crystalline silicon (single-axis tracking), and thin film (fixed tilt). The report outlines financing options that could assist in the implementation of a system. According to the site production calculations, the most cost-effective system in terms of return on investment is the thin-film fixed-tilt technology. The report recommends financing options that could assist in the implementation of such a system. The landfills and sites considered in this report were all determined feasible areas in which to implement solar PV systems.

Salasovich, J.; Mosey, G.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Tracking benefits for solar collectors installed in Bangalore  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The amount of energy that can be extracted from the solar radiation by solar collectors or photovoltaic systems depends mainly on the installation angle of the collector (tilt angle) and the tracking method used to follow the Sun. In this paper the optimum tilt angle for Bangalore ( 12 ° 5 8 ? ) has been calculated under various tracking conditions. For a fixed tilt angle collector facing south the optimum tilt angle is estimated to be between 15° and 17° and is not very sensitive to radiation data type. Fixed tilt angle collectors and collectors tilted on a monthly basis produced only marginal benefit ( horizontal orientation. However for continuously tracked systems benefits are as high as 35%. At least three sets of solar radiation data are available for Bangalore from different sources. It has been shown that they have considerable differences in their direct and diffuse content. All these data have been used to quantify tracking benefits to understand their sensitivity. Limited amount of available in-house data indicates higher diffuse fraction in solar radiation than predicted by historic data and satellite models. Hence the benefits due to tilting are reduced.

Pascal Fahl; Ganapathisubbu S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

DOE_Fixed_Asset_Module_Balance_150709 Analysis 20090731.xls  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Asset Type Asset Type Allottee Desc Rpting Ent Desc Data 401 410 430 440 CC - Consolidated Business Center CC CC Consolidated Business Center Sum of Cost Sum of deptn_amt Sum of Accum. Depr. Sum of Net Book Value CC Grand Junction Project Office Sum of Cost Sum of deptn_amt Sum of Accum. Depr. Sum of Net Book Value CC LO Paducah Project Office Sum of Cost $235,263 Sum of deptn_amt $0 Sum of Accum. Depr. $0 Sum of Net Book Value $235,263 CC LO Portsmouth Project Office Sum of Cost $710,333 Sum of deptn_amt $0 Sum of Accum. Depr. $0 Sum of Net Book Value $710,333 CC OH West Valley Project Office Sum of Cost Sum of deptn_amt Sum of Accum. Depr. Sum of Net Book Value CC Small Sites Program Direction Sum of Cost Sum of deptn_amt Sum of Accum. Depr. Sum of Net Book Value OH Ohio Sum of Cost $551,991 $482,865

453

A Parallel Local Search Framework for the Fixed-Charge ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our method finds competitive solutions by exploring a large number .... gathered from the set of solutions found during the optimization process of two instances.

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

454

SF6432-FP (02-01-12) Firm Fixed Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

any such subcontract. TAXES For many purchases, Sandia can provide Transaction Exemption Certificates for both New Mexico and California, and certificates for other states may...

455

Combination of Fixed and Mobile Cameras for Automatic Pedestrian Detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the shape, pose, color distribution, and behavior affect the robustness of the detection process. A novel the rest is dark. Nonetheless, since FIR images depend on the temperature of the objects, an outdoor scene has a number of factors that affect the images. Strong sun heating can introduce texture due

Bierlaire, Michel

456

Fixing famine : the politics of information in famine early warning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

World Food Programme. Hacking, I. (1990) The Taming ofCambridge University Press. Hacking, I. (1991). How shouldsee Desrosières (1998), Hacking (1990) and Porter (1995),

Burg, Suzanne M. M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Treatment of Mixed Wastes via Fixed Bed Gasification  

SciTech Connect

This report outlines the details of research performed under USDOE Cooperative Agreement DE-FC21-96MC33258 to evaluate the ChemChar hazardous waste system for the destruction of mixed wastes, defined as those that contain both RCRA-regulated haz- ardous constituents and radionuclides. The ChemChar gasification system uses a granular carbonaceous char matrix to immobilize wastes and feed them into the gasifier. In the gasifier wastes are subjected to high temperature reducing conditions, which destroy the organic constituents and immobilize radionuclides on the regenerated char. Only about 10 percent of the char is consumed on each pass through the gasifier, and the regenerated char can be used to treat additional wastes. When tested on a 4-inch diameter scale with a continuous feed unit as part of this research, the ChemChar gasification system was found to be effective in destroying RCRA surrogate organic wastes (chlorobenzene, dichloroben- zene, and napht.halene) while retaining on the char RCRA heavy metals (chromium, nickel, lead, and cadmium) as well as a fission product surrogate (cesium) and a plutonium surrogate (cerium). No generation of harmful byproducts was observed. This report describes the design and testing of the ChemChar gasification system and gives the operating procedures to be followed in using the system safely and effectively for mixed waste treatment.

None

1998-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

458

Translational research: 4 ways to fix the clinical trial  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... carried out at single sites, and designed to answer a single question, says Rachel Sherman, associate director for medical policy at the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research at ...

Heidi Ledford

2011-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

459

Barycentric fixed-mass method for multifractal analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a method to estimate the multifractal spectrum of point distributions. The method incorporates two motivated criteria (barycentric pivot point selection and nonoverlapping coverage) in order to reduce edge effects, improve precision, and reduce computation time. Implementation of the method on synthetic benchmarks demonstrates the superior performance of the proposed method compared with existing alternatives routinely used in the literature. Finally, we use the method to estimate the multifractal properties of the widely studied growth process of diffusion-limited aggregation (DLA) and compare our results with recent and earlier studies. Our tests support the conclusion of a genuine but weak multifractality of the central core of DLA clusters, with Dq decreasing from 1.75±0.01 for q=?10 to 1.65±0.01 for q  =+10.

Y. Kamer; G. Ouillon; D. Sornette

2013-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

460

Convergence of fixed-point continuation algorithms for matrix rank ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 18, 2009 ... Abstract: The matrix rank minimization problem has applications in many fields such as system identification, optimal control, low-dimensional ...

Donald Goldfarb

2009-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed tilt ground-mount" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Accounting methods for recognition of fixed asset underdepreciation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dofree of infiatimx six''. a return to cne !iundrcd au&' fort?- xer cen of' the Xu"~'~ crise level is eximrii need thxi sill bc x~proxiuately the level idZch exd. sted at, ~. %crx 1 hf ox' ugiMLBxyg I:dJ? i ~ 2lic is doiMQstratod tn i;. ire Xx v... of dollars oriI", inally investod lvould have bllII;ht at that, tioe, In other llordsx ho wants to recover the pure'I~in'I poxxer of thC Q~, inal xxlvBsb36nts For oxag~lox on ascot llhieh mv?, . bo referred to as asset . I ~ costiu. ton thw. . . . zId...

Hidell, Richard Robinson

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

462

Pilot Project for Fixed Segmentation of the Pavement Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Road DIXON AVENUE/GRANT ROAD Midway Meridian Leisure TownRoad DIXON AVENUE/GRANT ROAD Midway Meridian Leisure TownRoad DIXON AVENUE/GRANT ROAD Midway Meridian Leisure Town

Kohler, Erwin R.; Santero, Nicholas J.; Harvey, John T

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

The Pressure of Water Waves upon a Fixed Obstacle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...approximations are made for sections of ship form. The examination was made...applications in the problem of a ship advancing through a train of waves...small proportion of the observed effect; the motions of the ship, and in particular its oscillations...

1940-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Wave interaction with a fixed vertical flat plate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Hydrofoil definition sketch. The sharp-edged gust problem and the problem of a step-wise cnange in the velocity perpendicular to the foil offers insight into the response of a foil subject to an oscillating fluid. A sharp-edged gust with an initial... forces on a thin flat plate with a standard hydrofoil thickness was determined experimentally in a two-dimensional wave tank. Non-dimensional parameters were plotted and used to evaluate the data. It was shown that lift can be generated on a flat...

Glover, Lanny Bruce

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Volcanic source for fixed nitrogen in the early Earth's atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...for CO2 mol fractions of 40. In contrast...Archean would release thermal energy...by extensive fire fountaining at...J., 1991, Airborne measurements...responsible for a small fraction of current production...Archean would release thermal energy...by extensive fire foun-taining...

466

Fixed Points and Two-Cycles of the Discrete Logarithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sample p in Table 1. (See Section 3 for details on how the tables were computed.) Table 1. Solutions 10039 812.6 781 10061 1603.2 1605 Campbell and Pomerance also observe that the solutions to (1) with g

Holden, Joshua Brandon

467

Cogeneration - prepackaged systems: Tecogen used to fix aborted Firestone job  

SciTech Connect

A new 60-kW Thermo Electron Tecogen cogenerating system that will allow Vallejo, CA residents to use an outdoor pool in winter will also cut the city's heating and electricity costs by about $26,000 a year and have a less than four-year payback. After the project was abandoned by the now defunct Firestone Energy Systems Inc., the contract was awarded to a local firm. Thermo Electron bid its pre-packaged unit for $102,750 installed, with a maintenance offer of two cents per kilowatt hour of generator run-time. The city is contemplating legal action against Firestone.

Maggs, J.

1986-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

468

Improving Design Methods for Fixed-Foundation Offshore Wind Energy...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

System, and the Simulated Waves Nearshore Shallow Water Waves model to analyze the spatial and temporal variability of breaking waves. The model output will be used to...

469

Agile flight control techniques for a fixed-wing aircraft  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) become more involved in challenging mission objectives, the need for agility controlled flight becomes more of a necessity. The ability to navigate through constrained environments as ...

Sobolic, Frantisek Michal

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Simulations of all electric vehicles on fixed routes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper contains the design, the implementation and the preliminary experimentation of a simulation framework for investigating the effectiveness of battery powered vehicles under the assumption that they follow a route which is either predefined or its basic characteristics can be obtained at almost real time. In particular we would like to investigate the feasibility of all electric, battery only powered vehicles whose batteries are charged at appropriately located renewable energy sources. We have developed our web based, open software simulation platform by utilising and extending GridLAB-D, a power system modelling and simulation environment, and by incorporating data from various sources. Results from preliminary simulations of real life scenarios are presented and analysed.

Rafik Fainti; Antonia Nasiakou; Eleftherios Tsoukalas; Manolis Vavalis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Validation of Laser Shearography Testing for Fixed Foam Insulation Bonds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electronic Laser Shearography is a relatively new Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) technique that is used with excitation methods to measure differential displacements and subsequent strains at the surface of a ma...

J. E. Engel; D. D. Burleigh

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Fixing famine : the politics of information in famine early warning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A comment on the work of Amartya Sen. Journal of DevelopmentPoverty and Famines (1981), Amartya Sen retains part of theby Indian economist Amartya Sen, 1981, in his critique of

Burg, Suzanne M. M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Fixed points and variational principles with applications to capability ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pability theory by using the ideas of the variational rationality approach to ..... denote d := z1 ? z2, and say that z2 is preferred by the decision maker to z1 with the ...

2014-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

474

Fermilab fixed target beams from the main injector  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the following topics at Fermilab: 120--150 GeV beam extraction; link to switchyard; primary beam splits and transport; and experimental facilities at 120--150 GeV.

Childress, S.; Coleman, R.; Koizumi, G.; Malensek, A.; Moore, C.; Schailey, R.; Stefanski, R.; Stutte, L.

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Fixing famine : the politics of information in famine early warning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

exposed: Biological citizens after Chernobyl. Princeton, NJ:in relation to the Chernobyl nuclear explosion would provideon disability from the Chernobyl disaster become rights and

Burg, Suzanne M. M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

A fix-and-relax heuristic for controlled tabular adjustment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 25, 2013 ... Heuristic approaches based on block coordinate descent (BCD) have also ... finally the right subtable details the ZIP codes of municipality R21.

2013-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

477

Optimization Online - Fixed point and Bregman iterative methods for ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 21, 2008 ... Although it can be cast as a semidefinite programming problem, the nuclear norm minimization problem is expensive to solve when the ...

Shiqian Ma

2008-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

478

Fixing the Java bytecode verifier by a suitable type domain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Java Virtual Machine embodies a verifier which performs a set of checks on bytecode programs before their execution. The verifier performs a data-flow analysis applied to a type-level abstract interpretation of the code. The current implementations ...

Roberto Barbuti; Luca Tesei; Cinzia Bernardeschi; Nicoletta De Francesco

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

NREL: Energy Systems Integration Facility - Fixed Equipment and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Systems Integration Facility include: Electrical equipment 13.2-kV to 480-V Y-Y transformer 1,000 kVA Grid simulators in sizes from 15 kVA up to 1080 kVA RLC load banks up to...

480

HEAT TRANSFER ANALYSIS FOR FIXED CST AND RF COLUMNS  

SciTech Connect

In support of a small column ion exchange (SCIX) process for the Savannah River Site waste processing program, transient and steady state two-dimensional heat transfer models have been constructed for columns loaded with cesium-saturated crystalline silicotitanate (CST) or spherical Resorcinol-Formaldehyde (RF) beads and 6 molar sodium tank waste supernate. Radiolytic decay of sorbed cesium results in heat generation within the columns. The models consider conductive heat transfer only with no convective cooling and no process flow within the columns (assumed column geometry: 27.375 in ID with a 6.625 in OD center-line cooling pipe). Heat transfer at the column walls was assumed to occur by natural convection cooling with 35 C air. A number of modeling calculations were performed using this computational heat transfer approach. Minimal additional calculations were also conducted to predict temperature increases expected for salt solution processed through columns of various heights at the slowest expected operational flow rate of 5 gpm. Results for the bounding model with no process flow and no active cooling indicate that the time required to reach the boiling point of {approx}130 C for a CST-salt solution mixture containing 257 Ci/liter of Cs-137 heat source (maximum expected loading for SCIX applications) at 35 C initial temperature is about 6 days. Modeling results for a column actively cooled with external wall jackets and the internal coolant pipe (inlet coolant water temperature: 25 C) indicate that the CST column can be maintained non-boiling under these conditions indefinitely. The results also show that the maximum temperature of an RF-salt solution column containing 133 Ci/liter of Cs-137 (maximum expected loading) will never reach boiling under any conditions (maximum predicted temperature without cooling: 88 C). The results indicate that a 6-in cooling pipe at the center of the column provides the most effective cooling mechanism for reducing the maximum temperature with either ion exchange material. Sensitivity calculations for the RF resin porosity, the ambient external column temperature, and the cooling system configuration were performed under the baseline conditions to assess the impact of these parameters on the maximum temperatures. It is noted that the cooling mechanism at the column boundary (forced versus natural convection) and the cooling system configuration significantly impact the maximum temperatures. The analysis results provide quantitative information associated with process temperature control requirements and management of the SCIX column.

Lee, S

2007-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed tilt ground-mount" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Optimization Online - Stochastic Quasi-Fejér Block-Coordinate Fixed ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Apr 29, 2014 ... Abstract: This work investigates the properties of stochastic quasi-Fejér monotone sequences in Hilbert spaces and emphasizes their ...

Patrick L. Combettes

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

482

Europa heute / Europe today Jour fixe, 05.05.09  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of economical and social advance. Despite the same flag it is not an institution of the EU. The number of its, at that time French foreign minister, in 1950 for the foundation of the "European Coal and Steel Community weitere Länder treten der EU bei 1951: The European Coal and Steel Community is established by the six

Pfeifer, Holger

483

Socially Optimal Location of Facilities with Fixed Servers, Stochastic ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

automobile emissions testing stations, and internal service systems are motivating ..... capacity must be added to the minimum as a protection against stochastic.

2003-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

484

Form of fix : transatlantic sonority in the minority.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The "Critical Introduction" is a concise formal essay that contextualizes and supplements the critical and philosophical ideas presented in my dissertation. It provides a critical… (more)

Mansell, Lisa

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Examples involving shrinking conditions of fixed point theorems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, 'NCE December i&70 Major SubDect: M, ther. atics 0 S E z EXP~LES INVOLVI'. &G SHPINEIIlG COEDITIOIJS OP 1 IZED POIl'I I TEEOREi'!S a z lg o o Pi Vl W Sl 5 0 A Thesis by DOUGLAS ANJHZW SJIAPP Approved as to style and content, oy... fash? on. However, shall focus our . i. nterest on the inability of one condition to oe deri ved from another. 'dhen this ' s the case, an example will show the point o " impasse. ACKI1GWLZDG~PJ&TH I wish to thank the following people...

Sharp, Douglas Andrew

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

486

Laws restricting price-fixing and their enforcements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

k l l KALI BN 49~ S~ieed ee the Q~ca Seheal aE eha hgiieul. einel en' Mee@eaieal CeDege ef Reue ie yaeChg &s'Lfillmaat ot the aeysLcceaents foe C5s Begms ef QL ! : IkQS' 8E@SXQXQC tRXljL. FXXBC 4+. ", ~ CtFORCRN5XS Sy Mg ?5 pQ~ ~eB ss Ce... 'bee: beeo- ~sible emaet by cepereca eel discieoc leos. by 5r. R. R. Kt~ emS oecr&ge Bi SLeee, Iby ~keg omd aoggeecCng o~ e I CSAPTItk ' Xa ' . ~PCg'X4tlsasaIa aaoaasps esp tea@ oaiacjw'oo'ce'vase i'e'i+o ovioa ee'essa ' COSCAXa aaa' vs e...

Johnston, Lon Don

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Investigations of Biomass Pretreatment and Submerged Fixed-bed Fermentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To improve the MixAlco process and biomass pretreatment, five studies were conducted. Three studies related to fermentation, whereas the other two investigated the effectiveness of shock tube pretreatment (STP) coupled with oxidative lime...

Meysing, Daniel

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

488

Fixed Link between Labrador and Newfoundland Pre-feasibility Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

........................................................32 Rail Tunnel........................................................35 HVDC Cabling Requirements

deYoung, Brad

489

Introduction For millennia people have known about the sun's energy potential, using it in passive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

oriented panel. It makes intuitive sense, therefore, that we should try to have solar panels perpendicular In a perfect solar energy world, one without weather, the ideal tilt for a fixed solar panel is equal to generate solar electricity in Williamstown. Thus, for optimal productivity, the panels should be flatter

Aalberts, Daniel P.

490

Modeling and inversion of PS-wave moveout asymmetry for tilted TI media: Part 2 --Dipping TTI layer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for anisotropic imaging beneath TTI formations and characterization of dipping fracture systems. Mode-converted PS to the anisotropic parameters. In Part 1 Dewangan and Tsvankin, 2006a , we proposed a modi- fication of the PP + PS to the layer boundaries. Dipping shale layers of this type are commonly ob- Manuscript received by the Editor

Tsvankin, Ilya

491

PS-wave moveout inversion for tilted TI media: A physical-modeling study Pawan Dewangan1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the effective medium formed by steeply dipping fracture sets or shale layers. The reflection moveout of PS by the parameter-estimation results. INTRODUCTION Transverse isotropy TI is a common anisotropic symmetry usu- ally

492

Moveout inversion of wide-azimuth P-wave data for tilted TI media Xiaoxiang Wang1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to build an accurate initial anisotropic velocity model for processing of wide-azimuth surveys is typical for dipping shale layers

Tsvankin, Ilya

493

Deformation within polar ice sheets: An analysis of the Byrd Station and Camp Century borehole-tilting measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Analysis of the inclinometer surveys of the boreholes at Byrd Station, Antarctica, and Camp Century, Greenland, yields the following results. The measured strain rates at both stations, in ice deposited in the last (Wisconsin) glaciation, reduced to a standard temperature and shear stress, are only about one-third those in the Holocene ice, even though the Wisconsin ice has a strong single-maximum fabric. Variations in strain rate in the Wisconsin ice at Byrd Station are negatively correlated with the number of volcanic dust bands in the ice. It is inferred that the ice below 1800 m at Byrd Station, which has a multiple-maximum fabric, deforms much less readily than the remainder of the ice. A flow model of Nye, with index n = 3, provides a relation between shear strain rate and shear stress that fits the data from both stations satisfactorily, even though the assumption of plane strain is not strictly valid at Byrd Station. A value of flow parameter A fifteen to twenty times that given by recent data compilations and predicted by dislocation theory, has to be used for the Holocene ice. These data cover a stress range (20–45 kPa) lower than in any other field experiment.

W.S.B. Paterson

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Seismic Tilt-noise Measured In-situ By A Mid-size Highly-sensitive Laser Gyroscope  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A mid-size laser gyroscope (sensitivity 2·10-9rad/s /Hz1/2) has been recently installed in the central area of VIRGO gravitational antenna...

Allegrini, Maria; Belfi, Jacopo; Beverini, Nicolo'; Bosi, Filippo; Carelli, Giorgio; Di Virgilio, Angela; Maccioni, Enrico; Passaquieti, Roberto; Stefani, Fabio

495

Comments on a paper tilted `The sea transport of vitrified high-level radioactive wastes: Unresolved safety issues`  

SciTech Connect

The cited paper estimates the consequences that might occur should a purpose-built ship transporting Vitrified High Level Waste (VHLW) be involved in a severe collision that causes the VHLW canisters in one Type-B package to spill onto the floor of a major ocean fishing region. Release of radioactivity from VHLW glass logs, failure of elastomer cask seals, failure of VHLW canisters due to stress corrosion cracking (SCC), and the probabilities of the hypothesized accident scenario, of catastrophic cask failure, and of cask recovery from the sea are all discussed.

Sprung, J.L.; McConnell, P.E.; Nigrey, P.J.; Ammerman, D.J. [and others

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Measurement of rotordynamic coefficients for a high-speed flexure pivot tilting-pad bearing(load between pad) configuration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

] .......................................................................................2 Figure 3. Main test section of the test rig .....................................................................................9 Figure 4. Shaker-stinger configuration (NDE side...)....................................................................10 Figure 5. Static loader assembly (NDE side)..............................................................................11 Figure 6. Thermocouples location on the FPB...

Al-Ghasem, Adnan Mahmoud

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

497

Mechanical and charge transport properties of alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers on Au (111) surface: The Role of Molecular Tilt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electronic properties of molecules and the influence of external forces is fundamentalelectronic devices is potentially promising for technological applications and an important focus of fundamental

Qi, Yabing

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Gainesville Regional Utilities - Solar Feed-In Tariff | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gainesville Regional Utilities - Solar Feed-In Tariff Gainesville Regional Utilities - Solar Feed-In Tariff Gainesville Regional Utilities - Solar Feed-In Tariff < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info Start Date 03/01/2009 State Florida Program Type Performance-Based Incentive Rebate Amount 2013 Contracts: Rooftop- or pavement-mounted systems Ground-mounted systems Rooftop- or pavement-mounted systems >10kW to 300kW: $0.18/kWh Ground-mounted systems >10kW to 25kW: $0.18/kWh Ground-mounted systems >25kW to 1,000kW: $0.15/kWh Provider Gainesville Regional Utilities NOTE: This program will re-open to new applicants from January 4, 2013

499

Effects of surroundings snow coverage and solar tracking on photovoltaic systems operating in Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with demonstrating the energy performance of solar tracking photovoltaic (PV) systems in Canada. In this study a grid connected stand-alone PV system has been designed and coupled with four different tracking systems: fixed horizontal fixed tilted single-axis tracking and dual-axis tracking. The performance analysis of the systems focuses on the variation of array irradiance electricity generation and efficiency without considerations for economic impacts at this stage. The simulation results show that the dual-axis tracking array provides the best performance over a year. It receives 33% more solar radiation and generates 36% more electricity than the tilted system. On clear winter days compared to the tilted system the dual-axis tracking system produces 32% and 29% more electricity in high albedo and low albedo conditions respectively. High albedo due to surroundings snow coverage has been found to cause an increase of 3.1% 5.8% and 7.9% in electricity production of the tilted single-axis tracking and dual-axis tracking system respectively over a winter. The results of this research support the idea that tracking the sun is effective on clear days and could be counterproductive on overcast days. Therefore in high albedo conditions it is recommended to track the sun and stay fixed once the sky becomes overcast.

Mostafa Mehrtash; Daniel R. Rousse; Guillermo Quesada

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

GEOPHYSICS, VOL. 66, NO. 3 (MAY-JUNE 2001); P. 904910, 7 FIGS., 3 TABLES. Velocity analysis for tilted transversely isotropic media: A physical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in conventional imaging, it is important to be able to recon- struct the velocity model suitable for anisotropic depth migration. Here, we discuss the results of anisotropic pa- rameter estimation on a physical and the anisotropic parameters and . The coefficient is obtained using the travel- times of a wave that crosses

Tsvankin, Ilya