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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed car bon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Electric car Gasoline car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENAC/ Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares of an electric vehicle? Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares preference survey with choice situation contexts involving gasoline cars (Renault and competitors

2

Bon-The Primitive Religion of Tibet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and in certain parts still extant". Jaschke3 holds the view that Bon is the nameQf the early religion of Tibet, concerning which but very imperfect acqounts are existing; so much is certain that sorcery was the principl~feature of it. 1. Encyclopaedia ot... Religion and ethics. 333. 2. P.879. 3. A Tibetan-English Dictlonary-P. 372, 1 When Buddhism became the religion of State. the former was considered heretical and condemnable and Lha-cos and bon-cos, or shorter cos and bon, were placed in opposition...

Banerjee, Anukul Chandra

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Solar Car  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Des Moines Central Academy Middle School students compete in the Solar Car Challenge at the National Science Bowl, May 2 in Washington D.C.

None

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

by car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

... Hotel while you check in. They will give you a parking voucher at the front desk and you can move your car across the street to the Grant Street parking garage ...

5

Car Sharing Scheme Car Share Scheme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Car Sharing Scheme Car Share Scheme The cost is now reduced to ÂŁ10 per member of staff per share but only own one vehicle between them do not qualify for the car share scheme. A commitment is required for all members of the scheme to car share at all times when they are in work each working day

Martin, Ralph R.

6

Shunting Minimal Rail Car Allocation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jun 19, 2003 ... empty cars are characterized by a track, a car type, and the desired quantity. ... type of material or a car type, the tonnage or the number of cars ...

2003-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

7

Facebook i tuits en bon valenci: una iniciativa nascuda al si de la UA Alacant, 6 de juny de 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Facebook i tuits en bon valenciŕ: una iniciativa nascuda al si de la UA Alacant, 6 de juny de 2012 universitŕria de la Universitat d'Alacant en Facebook i Twitter. En Bon Valenciŕ ens proporciona cada dia, directament en el nostre compte de Twitter o Facebook, xicotetes dosis de correcció lingüística, en el format

Escolano, Francisco

8

Handicapped car lifting seat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Currently there is a lack of assistance in automobile usage for the older people of our society. In an attempt to combat this problem, this thesis designs and builds a working conceptual model of a handicapped car lifting ...

Schoenmakers, Sean A

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Towards CARS Endoscopy Franois Lgar*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards CARS Endoscopy François Légaré* Center for Nanoscale Systems and Department of Chemistry provide a proof-of-principle demonstration of CARS endoscopy. The design utilizes a single mode optical characteristics at intensities needed for endoscopy. CARS endoscopic images are recorded by collecting the epi-CARS

Xie, Xiaoliang Sunney

10

Car Sharing for the Twin Cities ! HOURCAR helps make it possible to live car-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Car Sharing for the Twin Cities ! HOURCAR helps make it possible to live car- free or car-lite by filling in the "gaps" ! Car sharing reduces car ownership and saves its members thousands of dollars per year ! Car sharing "right-sizes" and makes transparent the costs of car usage #12;HOURCAR ! Transit

Minnesota, University of

11

CARS-CAT  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New Substation Sites Proposed Route Segments (notCAMD CleanroomCARS-CAT, Consortium

12

Issue 5: High Interest in Hybrid Cars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2005). “High Interest in Hybrid Cars. ” SCS Fact Sheet, Vol.May 2005 High Interest in Hybrid Cars I NTRODUCTION PublicThe unique features of a hybrid car mean that it is more

Ong, Paul M.; Haselhoff, Kim

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Optimization Online - Shunting Minimal Rail Car Allocation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jun 30, 2003 ... Abstract: We consider the rail car management at industrial in-plant railroads. Demands for materials or empty cars are characterized by a track, ...

Marco E. Luebbecke

2003-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

14

Criteria for Car Parking Allocation System Criteria for Car Parking Allocation System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The sharing of car parking spaces is encouraged. It should be noted that both (or all) members of staffCriteria for Car Parking Allocation System Criteria for Car Parking Allocation System 2014-15 Criteria for Car Parking All #12;The issue and control of car parking permits is vested in Estates Services

Mottram, Nigel

15

acquisition regulation car: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(ns-2). We have developed it to verify CarRing II's basic concepts, and to explore Zachmann, Gabriel 30 Algorithmic + Geometric characterization of CAR Mathematics Websites...

16

androstane receptor car: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(ns-2). We have developed it to verify CarRing II's basic concepts, and to explore Zachmann, Gabriel 31 Algorithmic + Geometric characterization of CAR Mathematics Websites...

17

Frontal collision analysis of City Car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This experiment tests the proposed crash system of the CityCar. The car is to fold during the crash to help decrease the impact force experienced by the passengers. The experiment was conducted by running a simulation of ...

Neal, Terance (Terance K.)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Hydrogen Cars and Water Vapor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

misidentified as "zero-emissions vehicles." Fuel cell vehicles emit water vapor. A global fleet could have, with discernible effects on people and ecosystems. The broad environmental effects of fuel cell vehicles. This cycle is currently under way with hydrogen fuel cells. As fuel cell cars are suggested as a solution

Colorado at Boulder, University of

19

Fix-Up Loan  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Minnesota Housing Finance Agency's (MHFA) Fix-up Loan provides low-interest financing for energy conservation and other basic improvements to residential properties. Home improvement loans...

20

The Fix Issue 15  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that make you real thirsty and chasi n' 'em down with some of that g reat punch of his. Listenin' to somethin' hot from twelve speakers and dandn' with a redhead in one of those short disco skirts ... " Hutch broke in on his rhapsody. "Starsky, you know... said suddenly. Starsky spotted the g reen convertible a second after Hutch - maybe ten car lengths ahead of them, The WMA - white male American, an antiquated term of description some cops still used - was crouched over his steering wheel, his bushy...

Multiple Contributors

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed car bon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Faculty & Information Centres Building Car Park Key Facilities Building Car Park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10 ORANGE A PURPLE Navitas 2 ORANGE A ORANGE North Australian Centre for Oil and Gas 7 PINK B PURPLE7 WATER TANK 5 4 18 S Faculty & Information Centres Building Car Park Key Facilities Building Car

22

Local Uniqueness for the Fixed Energy Fixed Angle Inverse Problem ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract. We prove local uniqueness for the inverse problem in obstacle scattering at a fixed energy and fixed incident angle. We consider the inverse problem of ...

23

EcoCAR Reaches the Finish Line  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Virginia Tech takes the checkered flag as the inaugural EcoCar competition comes to a close in Washington, D.C.

24

Advanced Clean Cars Zero Emission Vehicle Regulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advanced Clean Cars Zero Emission Vehicle Regulation ZEV #12;Advanced Clean Cars ZEV Program 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 Current Regulation -ZEVs Current Regulation -PHEVs Projected: PHEVs 15Net ­ Blueprint Plan ­ Regional clusters, environmental and economic analysis · Clean Fuels Outlet

California at Davis, University of

25

Towards the fundamentals of car following theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The problem of a car following a lead car driven with constant velocity is considered. To derive the governing equations for the following car dynamics a cost functional that ranks the outcomes of different driving strategies is constructed, which applies to fairly general properties of the driver behavior. Assuming the driver behavior to be rational, the existence of the Nash equilibrium is proved. Rational driving is defined by supposing that a driver corrects continuously the car motion to follow the optimal path minimizing the cost functional. The corresponding car-following dynamics is described quite generally by a boundary value problem based on the obtained extremal equations. Linearization of these equations around the stationary state results in a generalization of the widely used optimal velocity model. Moreover, it is shown that there are conditions (the ``dense traffic'' limit) under which the rational car dynamics comprises two stages, fast and slow. During the fast stage a driver eliminates the velocity difference between the cars, the subsequent slow stage optimizes the headway. In the ``dense traffic'' limit an effective Hamiltonian description is constructed. This allows a more detailed nonlinear analysis. Finally, the differences between rational and bounded rational driver behavior are discussed. The latter, in particular, justifies some basic assumptions used recently by the authors to construct a car-following model lying beyond the frameworks of rationality.

Ihor Lubashevsky; Peter Wagner; Reinhard Mahnke

2003-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

26

Strategies for Sharing Bottleneck Capacity among Buses and Cars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at first, since bus-car sharing strategies for facilities ofsharing the middle link’s median lane between cars andfor Sharing Bottleneck Capacity among Buses and Cars by

Guler, Sukran Ilgin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51%...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

9: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014 Fact 849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better...

28

Future Fixed Target Facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We review plans for future fixed target lepton- and hadron-scattering facilities, including the 12 GeV upgraded CEBAF accelerator at Jefferson Lab, neutrino beam facilities at Fermilab, and the antiproton PANDA facility at FAIR. We also briefly review recent theoretical developments which will aid in the interpretation of the data expected from these facilities.

Melnitchouk, Wolodymyr

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

National Junior Solar Sprint & Other Car Competition Regional...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Junior Solar Sprint & Other Car Competition Regional Host Sites Below is a list of current Junior Solar Sprint (Junior Solar Sprint) and Other Car Competition host sites for...

30

The FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Health Impacts Program...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Health Impacts Program - The Collaborative Lubricating Oil Study on Emissions (CLOSE) Project The FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Health Impacts...

31

Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies - Slower Growth...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies - Slower Growth Ahead? Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies -...

32

Nicole Lambiase: Aspiring Astronaut Turned Next-generation Car...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nicole Lambiase: Aspiring Astronaut Turned Next-generation Car Designer Nicole Lambiase: Aspiring Astronaut Turned Next-generation Car Designer January 7, 2010 - 4:05pm Addthis...

33

Achieving and Demonstrating FreedomCAR Engine Fuel Efficiency...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Achieving and Demonstrating FreedomCAR Engine Fuel Efficiency Goals (Agreement 13704) Achieving and Demonstrating FreedomCAR Engine Fuel Efficiency Goals (Agreement 13704)...

34

U.S. Shared-Use Vehicle Survey Findings on Carsharing and Station Car Growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

auto insurance for nonprofit car- sharing organizations. Theuse vehicle model. Car- sharing typically aims to assess

Shaheen, Susan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Prayer to Ta pi hri tsa - A short exposition of the Base, the Path and the Fruit in Bon Dzogchen teachings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Prayer to Ta pi hri tsa A short exposition of the Base, the Path and the Fruit in Bon Dzogchen teachings* By Ratka Jurkovic Introduction zogchen (rDzogs pa chen po or in short rDzogs chen), the Great Perfection represents... of the Dzogchen teachings represented through the discussion of Base, Fruit and Path. The six verse form is typical of the kind usually found in the earliest Dzogchen Nyingma text, “The Cuckoo of the Intellect” (Rig pa’i khu byug), a copy of which was among...

Jurkovic, Ratka

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The EcoCAR Challenege is a competition that challenges participating students from across North America to re-engineer a vehicle donated by General Motors. With the goal of minimizing the vehicle...

37

EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at...

38

Offloading Floating Car Data Razvan Stanica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as well as the external environment and transmitting such information towards the Internet. In order-vehicle operations, controlling almost all car functionalities. Systems such as BMW Assist, Ford SYNC, General Motor

Fiore, Marco

39

Download Going Places: A Car-free Guide to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

about TDM at the Sustainability Open House. FA L L 2 0 1 0 I S S U E CAR SHARING CARPOOLING VANPOOLING and incentives. With over 230 participants in the University Car Sharing Program, WeCars have been in high demand, Transportation & Parking Services TDM Manager PRINT Transportation & Parking Services #12;Car sharing

Bou-Zeid, Elie

40

EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at tractor pulls across the state, and now the Virginia Tech graduate student is the proud team co-leader of Virginia Tech's EcoCAR Challenge team -- the winners of the three-year long competition, as announced last night at an awards ceremony in Washington, D.C..

Gantt, Lynn

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed car bon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Optimal mixing and optimal stirring for fixed energy, fixed power or fixed palenstrophy flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal mixing and optimal stirring for fixed energy, fixed power or fixed palenstrophy flows-time perfect mixing with a finite energy constraint on the stirring flow. On the other hand, using techniques, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (Dated: 31 March 2012) We consider passive scalar mixing

Novikov, Alexei

42

IntelliCarTS: Intelligent Cars Transportation System Ashwin Gumaste, Rahul Singhai and Anirudh Sahoo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, cooperation and cost efficiency. These characteristics enable avoidance of collision between vehicles Sahoo Department of Computer Science and Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, PowaiCarTS (Intelligent Car Transport System), a Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) anti-collision mechanism that determines

Sahoo, Anirudha

43

CAR 2 CAR Communication Consortium WG Workshop 3 -Wireless Aspects for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 CAR 2 CAR Communication Consortium WG Workshop 3 - Wireless Aspects for deployment StationIdentities Management MAC, IP addresses, Station ID, Driver ID, ... Shared with Security Layer (protects the identities... Forum 2011 Operational components Cross-layer Management Managing and sharing common parameters

Gesbert, David

44

ChemMatCARS Data Archive  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

ChemMatCARS is a high-brilliance national synchrotron x-ray facility dedicated primarily to static and dynamic condensed matter chemistry and materials science. The scientific focus of the facility includes the study of surface and interfacial properties of liquids and solids as well as their bulk structure at atomic, molecular and mesoscopic length scales with high spatial and energy resolution. Experimental techniques supported by the facility include: 1) Liquid Surface X-ray Scattering; 2) Solid Surface X-ray Scattering; 3) Time-Resolved Crystallography; 4) Micro-Crystal Diffraction; 5) Small and Wide-angle X-ray Scattering. The data archive referenced here contains data for various components along the beamline within the First Optics Enclosure and is intended to be input or parameter data. See the Science Nuggets at http://cars9.uchicago.edu/chemmat/pages/nuggets.html for leads to some of the research conducted at the ChemMatCARS beamline.

45

Implementation of Endomorphisms of the CAR Algebra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The implementation of non-surjective Bogoliubov transformations in Fock states over CAR algebras is investigated. Such a transformation is implementable by a Hilbert space of isometries if and only if the well-known Shale-Stinespring condition is met. In this case, the dimension of the implementing Hilbert space equals the square root of the Watatani index of the associated inclusion of CAR algebras, and both are determined by the Fredholm index of the corresponding one-particle operator. Explicit expressions for the implementing operators are obtained, and the connected components of the semigroup of implementable transformations are described.

Carsten Binnenhei

1997-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

46

Electric Drive Component Manufacturing: Magna E-Car Systems of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Magna E-Car Systems of America, Inc. Electric Drive Component Manufacturing: Magna E-Car Systems of America, Inc. ATP-LD; Cummins Next Generation Tier 2 Bin 2 Diesel Engine...

47

Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Small Car Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: ATP-LD; Cummins Next Generation Tier 2 Bin 2 Diesel Engine...

48

attenuating car translocation: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(ns-2). We have developed it to verify CarRing II's basic concepts, and to explore Zachmann, Gabriel 22 Chain deformation helps translocation Condensed Matter (arXiv) Summary:...

49

articulated cars: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(ns-2). We have developed it to verify CarRing II's basic concepts, and to explore Zachmann, Gabriel 38 Recognition and Localization of Articulated Objects Yacov Hel-Or Computer...

50

The Sharing Economy: Moving People with Shared Cars and Bikes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Sharing Economy: Moving People with Shared Cars and Bikes Susan Shaheen Fleets of cars and trucks in a network of locations · Allows households and businesses to access shared Fleet on an as- needed basis, at an hourly and

Kammen, Daniel M.

51

Are Consumers Myopic? Evidence from New and Used Car Purchases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate whether car buyers are myopic about future fuel costs. We estimate the effect of gasoline prices on short-run equilibrium prices of cars of different fuel economies. We then compare the implied changes in ...

Busse, Meghan R

52

New Mexico Electric Car Challenge: November 22 The New Mexico...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to view details. To close the opened accordion, click on the title(s) once again. New Mexico Electric Car Challenge: November 22 The New Mexico Electric Car Challenge (formerly...

53

Cars, Condoms, and Facebook Vaibhav Garg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cars, Condoms, and Facebook Vaibhav Garg Drexel University and L. Jean Camp Indiana University to conduct a survey based evaluation of perceptions of privacy risks on Facebook. We find sharing on Facebook. Our results indicate that more knowledge about privacy violations may lower risk

Camp, L. Jean

54

Car Based Transport and Transit Oriented Metropolitan —— Chinese Urban Motorization Pathways  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

their travel times. Car sharing is rising in importance inand DeLisi, 2000). Various car-sharing companies provideof car ownership. Car sharing is growing rapidly in Europe,

Ximing, Lu

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Carsharing and Station Cars in Asia: An Overview of Japan and Singapore  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L . Novick. CarLink: A Smart Car- sharing System. Field TestCarshare 24 (formerly Car- Sharing Network Nonprofitare approximately 300,000 car- sharing users w o r l d w i d

Barth, Mathew; Shaheen, Susan; Fukuda, Tuenjai; Fukuda, Atsushi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

CarSpeak: a content-centric network for autonomous driving  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper introduces CarSpeak, a communication system for autonomous driving. CarSpeak enables a car to query and access sensory information captured by other cars in a manner similar to how it accesses information from ...

Suresh Kumar, Swarun

57

CarSpeak : a content-centric network for autonomous driving  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce CarSpeak, a communication system for autonomous driving. CarSpeak enables a car to query and access sensory information captured by other cars in a manner similar to how it accesses information from its local ...

Suresh Kumar, Swarun

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Fact #867: April 6, 2015 Car-Sharing and Ride-Summoning Are a...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

car ownership. Typically, car-sharing programs have membership requirements and hourly rates, unlike the rental-car business. Car-sharing programs may have a common vehicle fleet...

59

The Hybridization of a Formula Race Car K. W. Benson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Hybridization of a Formula Race Car K. W. Benson D. A. Fraser S. L. Hatridge C. A. Monaco R. J works must be obtained from the IEEE. #12;The Hybridization of a Formula Race Car Keith W. Benson hybrid drive train was installed in a Formula SAE car, using off-the-shelf engine, generator

60

Chemically-selective imaging of brain structures with CARS microscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chemically-selective imaging of brain structures with CARS microscopy Conor L. Evans1§ , Xiaoyin Xu anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy to image brain structure and pathology ex vivo. Although. Definitive diagnosis still requires brain biopsy in a significant number of cases. CARS microscopy

Xie, Xiaoliang Sunney

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed car bon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Some aspects of quantum entanglement for CAR systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study quantum entanglement for CAR systems. Since the subsystems of disjoint regions are not independent for CAR systems, there are some distinct features of quantum entanglement which cannot be observed in tensor product systems. We show the failure of triangle inequality of von Neumann and the possible increase of entanglement degree under operations done in a local region for a bipartite CAR system.

Hajime Moriya

2002-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

62

Web Style Guide Fixed Dimension  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Web Style Guide KEY: Fixed Dimension: Variable Dimension: V1.1, SEPTEMBER 2010 #12;Page 2 Table PAGE NEWS & EVENTS PAGE Fonts & Colors FONTS COLORS Web Writing Guidelines WEB WRITING GUIDELINES Web

63

Nonlinear Transformation Group of CAR Fermion Algebra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on our previous work on the recursive fermion system in the Cuntz algebra, it is shown that a nonlinear transformation group of the CAR fermion algebra is induced from a $U(2^p)$ action on the Cuntz algebra ${\\cal O}_{2^p}$ with an arbitrary positive integer $p$. In general, these nonlinear transformations are expressed in terms of finite polynomials in generators. Some Bogoliubov transformations are involved as special cases.

Mitsuo Abe; Katsunori Kawamura

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The EcoCAR Challenege is a competition that challenges participating students from across North America to re-engineer a vehicle donated by General Motors. With the goal of minimizing the vehicle's fuel consumption and emissions, while maintaining its utility, safety and performance, teams had to find the best combination of cutting-edge technologies to meet these objectives. In the final year, the vehicles ran through a series of safety and technical tests at GM's Proving Ground in Milford, Michigan very similar to those GM's own production vehicles undergo. As EcoCAR wraps up, it is only the beginning for the next chapter in the DOE's 23-year history of advanced vehicle technology competitions. In April, Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs David Sandalow announced the launch of EcoCAR 2: Plugging into the Future http://www.ecocar2.org/index.html . We look forward to seeing the new and innovative designs that students bring to this challenge and know they will find a way to exceed even our highest expectations.

None

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

65

Evidence of the Big Fix  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give an evidence of the Big Fix. The theory of wormholes and multiverse suggests that the parameters of the Standard Model are fixed in such a way that the total entropy at the late stage of the universe is maximized, which we call the maximum entropy principle. In this paper, we discuss how it can be confirmed by the experimental data, and we show that it is indeed true for the Higgs vacuum expectation value $v_{h}$. We assume that the baryon number is produced by the sphaleron process, and that the current quark masses, the gauge couplings and the Higgs self coupling are fixed when we vary $v_{h}$. It turns out that the existence of the atomic nuclei plays a crucial role to maximize the entropy. This is reminiscent of the anthropic principle, however it is required by the fundamental low in our case.

Yuta Hamada; Hikaru Kawai; Kiyoharu Kawana

2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

66

Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014- Dataset  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Excel file with dataset for Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014

67

Multi-Anticipative Piecewise-Linear Car-Following Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose in this article an extension of the piecewise linear car-following model to multi-anticipative driving. As in the one-car-anticipative model, the stability and the stationary regimes are characterized thanks to a variational formulation of the car-dynamics. We study the homogeneous driving case. We show that in term of the stationary regime, the multi-anticipative model guarantees the same macroscopic behavior as for the one-car-anticipative one. Nevertheless, in the transient traffic, the variance in car-velocities and accelerations is mitigated by the multi-anticipative driving, and the car-trajectories are smoothed. A parameter identification of the model is made basing on NGSIM data and using a piecewise linear regression approach.

Nadir Farhi; Habib Haj-Salem; Jean-Patrick Lebacque

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Ortho-aminoazotoluene activates mouse constitutive androstane receptor (mCAR) and increases expression of mCAR target genes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

2'-3-dimethyl-4-aminoazobenzene (ortho-aminoazotoluene, OAT) is an azo dye and a rodent carcinogen that has been evaluated by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as a possible (class 2B) human carcinogen. Its mechanism of action remains unclear. We examined the role of the xenobiotic receptor Constitutive Androstane Receptor (CAR, NR1I3) as a mediator of the effects of OAT. We found that OAT increases mouse CAR (mCAR) transactivation in a dose-dependent manner. This effect is specific because another closely related azo dye, 3'-methyl-4-dimethyl-aminoazobenzene (3'MeDAB), did not activate mCAR. Real-time Q-PCR analysis in wild-type C57BL/6 mice revealed that OAT induces the hepatic mRNA expression of the following CAR target genes: Cyp2b10, Cyp2c29, Cyp3a11, Ugt1a1, Mrp4, Mrp2 and c-Myc. CAR-null (Car{sup -/-}) mice showed no increased expression of these genes following OAT treatment, demonstrating that CAR is required for their OAT dependent induction. The OAT-induced CAR-dependent increase of Cyp2b10 and c-Myc expression was confirmed by Western blotting. Immunohistochemistry analysis of wild-type and Car{sup -/-} livers showed that OAT did not acutely induce hepatocyte proliferation, but at much later time points showed an unexpected CAR-dependent proliferative response. These studies demonstrate that mCAR is an OAT xenosensor, and indicate that at least some of the biological effects of this compound are mediated by this nuclear receptor. - Highlights: > The azo dye and mouse carcinogen OAT is a very effective mCAR activator. > OAT increases mCAR transactivation in a dose-dependent manner. > OAT CAR-dependently increases the expression of a specific subset of CAR target genes. > OAT induces an unexpectedly deferred, but CAR-dependent hepatocyte proliferation.

Smetanina, Mariya A., E-mail: maria.smetanina@gmail.com [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, 1 Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030 (United States); Laboratory of Gene Expression Control, Institute of Cytology and Genetics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, prospekt Lavrentyeva 10, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation); Group of Pharmacogenomics, Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental Medicine of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, prospekt Lavrentyeva 8, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation); Pakharukova, Mariya Y. [Laboratory of Gene Expression Control, Institute of Cytology and Genetics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, prospekt Lavrentyeva 10, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation); Kurinna, Svitlana M. [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Unit 1000, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd., Houston, TX 77030 (United States); Dong, Bingning; Hernandez, Juan P.; Moore, David D. [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, 1 Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030 (United States); Merkulova, Tatyana I. [Laboratory of Gene Expression Control, Institute of Cytology and Genetics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, prospekt Lavrentyeva 10, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

69

Blasting Rocks and Blasting Cars Applied Engineering  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

June 30, 2004 Berkeley Lab lecture: Deb Hopkins works with industries like automobile, mining and paper to improve their evaluation and measuring techniques. For several years, she has coordinated ... June 30, 2004 Berkeley Lab lecture: Deb Hopkins works with industries like automobile, mining and paper to improve their evaluation and measuring techniques. For several years, she has coordinated a program at Berkeley Lab funded under the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles, a collaboration between the federal government and the U.S. Council for Automotive Research. Nondestructive evaluation techniques to test a car's structural integrity are being developed for auto assembly lines.

LBNL

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Cars af Tomorrow and the American Community  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New Substation Sites Proposed RouteNanotubeBW:GS:14-0032:UFCCarmineFemtosecond Cars

71

DEP Car Competition | Argonne National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phases onOrganization FY Middle School Electric Car Competition High

72

Car Charging Group Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: EnergyBostonFacility | Open EnergySolar33.6850215°,HatterasCapitaline,000Car

73

European Green Cars Initiative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump37. It isInformationexplains a4 ClimateEtrionPower Pvt LtdA S Jump to:Cars

74

Hydrogen Car Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat Jump to:PhotonHolyName HousingIII WindHybridsCar Co Place: Los Angeles,

75

Explanations of FreedomCAR/DOE Hydrogen Storage Technical Targets...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Explanations of FreedomCARDOE Hydrogen Storage Technical Targets Explanations of FreedomCARDOE Hydrogen Storage Technical Targets Summary of FreedomCAR Targets and Basis for...

76

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2004 Highlights of Technical...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of hydrogen storage materials. Upon thorough validation, this facility will allow rapid identification of the storage materials and systems most likely to meet FreedomCAR goals....

77

Federal Highway Administration - Pilot Car Escort - Best Practices...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Federal Highway Administration - Pilot Car Escort - Best Practices Guidelines Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance -...

78

Electric Drive Component Manufacturing: Magna E-Car Systems of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Peer Evaluation arravt027apethomas2011p.pdf More Documents & Publications Electric Drive Component Manufacturing: Magna E-Car Systems of America, Inc. Electric Drive...

79

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2008 Highlights of Technical...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

8 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2008 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Report containing brief summaries of key technical...

80

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2007 Highlights of Technical...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

7 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2007 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Report containing brief summaries of key technical...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed car bon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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81

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2009 Highlights of Technical...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

9 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2009 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments This report summarizes key technical accomplishments achieved...

82

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2010 Highlights of Technical...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

10 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2010 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments This report summarizes key technical accomplishments...

83

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of Technical...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

6 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Report containing brief summaries of key technical...

84

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2004 Highlights of Technical...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

4 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2004 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Report containing brief summaries of key accomplishments of...

85

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2005 Highlights of Technical...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

5 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2005 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Report containing brief summaries of key technical...

86

Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation (Text Version) |...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

video Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation highlighting the demonstration of 3D printing to create a working electric vehicle, live during the International Manufacturing...

87

Bussysteme IIII CarRing II ereits heute sind 90 Prozent al-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Entwicklungen haben heutzutage viele namhafte Automobil- hersteller massive Qualitäts- und Leis- tungs Rahmen dieses Projekts mit der Entwicklung eines neuen Netzwerks für das Automobil beauftragt: ,,Car für Automobile, das eine sichere Verbindung zwischen allen Komponenten von ,,Steer by Wire" be

Zachmann, Gabriel

88

Variable delivery, fixed displacement pump  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable delivery, fixed displacement pump comprises a plurality of pistons reciprocated within corresponding cylinders in a cylinder block. The pistons are reciprocated by rotation of a fixed angle swash plate connected to the pistons. The pistons and cylinders cooperate to define a plurality of fluid compression chambers each have a delivery outlet. A vent port is provided from each fluid compression chamber to vent fluid therefrom during at least a portion of the reciprocal stroke of the piston. Each piston and cylinder combination cooperates to close the associated vent port during another portion of the reciprocal stroke so that fluid is then pumped through the associated delivery outlet. The delivery rate of the pump is varied by adjusting the axial position of the swash plate relative to the cylinder block, which varies the duration of the piston stroke during which the vent port is closed.

Sommars, Mark F. (Sparland, IL)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Modelling Electrical Car Diffusion Based on Agent Tao Zhang, 3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the UK government's 2020 target of cutting emission. Figure 1. city energy consumption in UK, 2009 government announced a project that anyone who buys an electric plug-in car from 2011 will get a 25% discountModelling Electrical Car Diffusion Based on Agent 1 Lei Yu, ,2 Tao Zhang, 3 Siebers Peer-Ola, 4

Aickelin, Uwe

90

car_app1.doc STAFF PARKING PERMIT APPLICATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and drop off points Frequency of lifts (days per week) 6. Car Sharing You can share a group permit with upcar_app1.doc STAFF PARKING PERMIT APPLICATION The information supplied on this form will allow (whichever is quicker) from campus to home? (Departing campus at 1700 hours) #12;car_app1.doc 4. Staff

Haase, Markus

91

Geometric Model of a Narrow Tilting CAR using Robotics formalism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- structured multibody system composed of n bodies (links) where the chassis is the mobile base and the wheels tilting car "Lumeneo Smera" [4] through the analysis of its tilting mechanism. To model a complex system. Robotic representation of a multibody system The car can be seen as a mobile robot which is a tree

Boyer, Edmond

92

Twisted duality of the CAR-Algebra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give a complete proof of the twisted duality property M(q)'= Z M(q^\\perp) Z* of the (self-dual) CAR-Algebra in any Fock representation. The proof is based on the natural Halmos decomposition of the (reference) Hilbert space when two suitable closed subspaces have been distinguished. We use modular theory and techniques developed by Kato concerning pairs of projections in some essential steps of the proof. As a byproduct of the proof we obtain an explicit and simple formula for the graph of the modular operator. This formula can be also applied to fermionic free nets, hence giving a formula of the modular operator for any double cone.

Hellmut Baumgärtel; Matthias Jurke; Fernando Lledó

2002-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

93

Used Oil, Antifreeze, and Car Battery Recycling in Centre County* Location Used Oil Used Antifreeze Car Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Used Oil, Antifreeze, and Car Battery Recycling in Centre County* Location Used Oil Used Antifreeze) 237-0121 Yes No No #12;Location Used Oil Used Antifreeze Car Batteries Valvoline Instant Oil Change-9929 Yes Yes Yes * See the DEP website, www.dep.state.pa.us/cgi_apps/oil, for used oil recycling locations

Maroncelli, Mark

94

Trajectory generation for car-like robots  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Autonomous robots or remotely operated vehicles have raised high hopes in the military and industrial communities because of the potential safety improvement and gain of productivity they may provide. Waste management on nuclear sites, pallet manipulation in factories, interventions on battle-fields, etc., are actively studied. A lot of these applications require powerful four-wheel vehicles, the kinematics of which is similar to that of a car. Such vehicles have three degrees of freedom: the (x,y) positions in a plane and the orientation of the vehicle. Path planning is often understood as only changing the position of the vehicle, whereas the tasks performed by this kind of robot requires a perfect orientation of the vehicle: forklifting a pallet or docking at a loading or unloading station requires accuracy in the orientation of the vehicle. It is this requirement and the kinematic constraints of the motion mode which have led to the path-planning algorithm presented in this paper. The velocity of the robot belongs to a two-dimensional vectorial space. However, we assume that there is no slipping of the wheels. Therefore, at a given position, the direction of the velocity of the rear axle, is colinear with that of the vehicle. The equation conveying this constraint is not integrable and affects the velocity but not the space of the configurations of the robot: it is a non-holonomic constraint. If the steering angle of the front wheels is constant, the vehicle moves along a circle. Since the steering angle of the car-like robots is limited, the radius of the circle is always greater than a certain value which is the minimum radius of curvature of any achievable trajectory. 3 refs., 8 figs.

Vasseur, H.A.; Pin, F.G.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Good Practice Guide | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowell Point,ECOInformation Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Good

96

History of the FreedomCAR Environmental Science and Health Impacts...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

History of the FreedomCAR Environmental Science and Health Impacts Activity History of the FreedomCAR Environmental Science and Health Impacts Activity 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions...

97

Diesel Passenger Car Technology for Low Emissions and CO2 Compliance...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Passenger Car Technology for Low Emissions and CO2 Compliance Diesel Passenger Car Technology for Low Emissions and CO2 Compliance Cost effective reduction of legislated emissions...

98

Student engineers design and race battery-powered cars in this...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

competition with their entry, which they built to run on batteries. Click to enlarge. Student engineers design and race battery-powered cars in this year's Electric Car...

99

Fact #719: March 19, 2012 Nearly 14% of New Car Sales have Continuousl...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

9: March 19, 2012 Nearly 14% of New Car Sales have Continuously Variable Transmissions Fact 719: March 19, 2012 Nearly 14% of New Car Sales have Continuously Variable...

100

A Comparison of Two Gasoline and Two Diesel Cars with Varying...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

A Comparison of Two Gasoline and Two Diesel Cars with Varying Emission Control Technologies A Comparison of Two Gasoline and Two Diesel Cars with Varying Emission Control...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed car bon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Fact #856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

cargo space, fuel economy, maintenance and repair costs, overall value, and driving dynamics. Comparing plug-in and hybrid cars with conventional cars, hybrids averaged slightly...

102

BROUWER'S FIXED POINT THEOREM JASPER DEANTONIO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BROUWER'S FIXED POINT THEOREM JASPER DEANTONIO Abstract. In this paper we prove Brouwer's Fixed be used to make three sequences which all have p as their limit point. Date: July 27, 2009. 1 #12;2 JASPER

May, J. Peter

103

Fixed Capital Investment Tax Credit (Connecticut)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Fixed Capital Investment Tax Credit allows a tax credit of 5% of the amount paid for any new fixed capital investment. Companies with fewer than 800 full-time employees may take a tax credit...

104

Scheduling with Fixed Maintenance, Shared Resources and ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nov 17, 2014 ... maintenance constraints, blending and shared resources. ...... tegrated fixed time interval preventive maintenance and production for schedul-.

2015-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

105

Fixed Income Division Nomura International plc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fixed Income Division © Nomura International plc Symmetry methods for quadratic Gaussian models International plc Outline Motivation The quadratic Gaussian distribution The quadratic Gaussian process The quadratic Gaussian model #12;Fixed Income Division 3© Nomura International plc Part 1 Motivation #12;Fixed

Macrina, Andrea

106

De Finetti theorem on the CAR algebra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The symmetric states on a quasi local C*-algebra on the infinite set of indices J are those invariant under the action of the group of the permutations moving only a finite, but arbitrary, number of elements of J. The celebrated De Finetti Theorem describes the structure of the symmetric states (i.e. exchangeable probability measures) in classical probability. In the present paper we extend De Finetti Theorem to the case of the CAR algebra, that is for physical systems describing Fermions. Namely, after showing that a symmetric state is automatically even under the natural action of the parity automorphism, we prove that the compact convex set of such states is a Choquet simplex, whose extremal (i.e. ergodic w.r.t. the action of the group of permutations previously described) are precisely the product states in the sense of Araki-Moriya. In order to do that, we also prove some ergodic properties naturally enjoyed by the symmetric states which have a self--containing interest.

Vito Crismale; Francesco Fidaleo

2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

107

University competition cars visit Argonne for testing | Argonne...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

back to drive the rear wheels, and in the vehicle's front, the team placed a biodiesel diesel engine to power the car when the battery is fully drained. CSU is the only team in...

108

Middle Schoolers Face-Off in Model Car Challenge  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Forty-four teams entered the middle school Lithium-Ion Battery Powered Model Car Competition, and two teams distinguished themselves, one for speed and the other for design.

109

Addiction to car use and dynamic elasticity measures in France  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mileage travelled by French households with their personal cars, defining their automobility. To feature-price and income elasticities of household automobility, for both the short and the long runs. Keywords

Boyer, Edmond

110

Rockets 2 Race Cars Teacher Program at Kentucky Speedway (NASA)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Register here. Go Green Edition / The Heat is ON! Get your students revved up about science, technology, engineering and mathematics with NASA's Rockets 2 Race Cars STEM Education program....

111

3D-Printed Car by Local Motors- The Strati  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A timelapse video of the production process behind The Strati - the 3D-printed car by Local Motors, which manufactured with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and delivered at the International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS) in September of 2014.

112

EcoCAR Challenge Georgia Institute of Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EcoCAR Challenge Georgia Institute of Technology Outreach Report Date: 11/09/2010 #12;11/9/2010 2 plan on leveraging our media contacts, GM sponsors, and Atlanta Clean Cities sponsors to potentially

Houston, Paul L.

113

Transportation & Work: Exploring Car Usage and Employment Outcomes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transportation & Work: Exploring Car Usage and Employment Outcomes in the LSAL Data Field Area...................................................................................................10 5. DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS of 1996, or "welfare reform," attention turned to the role of transportation in job search and employment

Bertini, Robert L.

114

Fixed Rank Kriging A Fixed Rank Prediction Algorithm for Massive Spatial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fixed Rank Kriging A Fixed Rank Prediction Algorithm for Massive Spatial Data with Application, 2010 1 / 24 #12;Fixed Rank Kriging Outline Spatial model, assumptions and some implementation challenges. Summary of Fixed Rank Kriging by Cressie and Johannesson (2008). Propose algorithm to estimate

Gilbes, Fernando

115

CarPal: interconnecting overlay networks for a community-driven shared mobility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CarPal: interconnecting overlay networks for a community-driven shared mobility VincenzoName.lastName@sophia.inria.fr Abstract. Car sharing and car pooling have proven to be an effective solution to reduce the amount of such effectiveness. Keywords. Peer to peer, overlay networks, case study, information retrieval, car sharing 1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

116

Hybrid Car-Parrinello/Molecular Mechanics Modelling of Transition Metal Complexes: Structure, Dynamics and Reactivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybrid Car-Parrinello/Molecular Mechanics Modelling of Transition Metal Complexes: Structure). We have recently developed a QM/MM extension of a Car-Parrinello scheme [5]. These hybrid Car functional theory embedded in a classical force field description. The power of such a combined Car

Guidoni, Leonardo

117

Optimizing Tank Car Safety Design to Reduce Hazardous Materials Transportation Risk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Optimizing Tank Car Safety Design to Reduce Hazardous Materials Transportation Risk M. Rapik Saat hazardous materials transport risk by rail · Tank Car Design Optimization Model Tank car weight and capacity model Metrics to assess tank car performance Illustration of the optimization model

Barkan, Christopher P.L.

118

Computers on wheels, the modern car I wonder how many of you know how much software there is in the humble car these  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

working with the car industry in about 1996 when there were something like 50,000 lines of assembler in the electronic control systems of cars. In those days, systems in the range of 2-3 million lines of code of that time. Yes, indeed, modern cars have reached 7 figures when measured in lines of code, distributed

Hatton, Les

119

Scheduling with Fixed Maintenance, Shared Resources and ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nov 30, 2014 ... Scheduling with Fixed Maintenance, Shared Resources and Nonlinear Feedrate Constraints: a Mine Planning Case Study. Christina N Burt ...

Christina N Burt

2014-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

120

Fourier Accelerated Conjugate Gradient Lattice Gauge Fixing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We provide details of the first implementation of a non-linear conjugate gradient method for Landau and Coulomb gauge fixing with Fourier acceleration. We find clear improvement over the Fourier accelerated steepest descent method, with the average time taken for the algorithm to converge to a fixed, high accuracy, being reduced by a factor of 2 to 4.

R. J. Hudspith

2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed car bon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Development of turbocharger for improving passenger car acceleration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently, passenger cars require better acceleration from low engine speed including starting-up in order to decrease the amount of particulate matter (PM) of diesel engines or to improve the driver`s feeling. However, turbocharged cars generally have worse response than the non turbo cars because it takes a few seconds to get the turbocharger rotate up to high speed, usually called Turbo-lag. In order to solve this, various technologies have been developed for a turbocharger itself as well as for charging system such as the sequential system. Here in this paper, the authors focus on the development of the following turbocharger technology to reduce Turbo-lag and to achieve better transient response.

Watanabe, Tsuyoshi; Koike, Takaaki; Furukawa, Hiromu; Ikeya, Nobuyuki; Sakakida, Masaru

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

HaloTag protein-mediated specific labeling of living cells with quantum dots Min-kyung So, Hequan Yao 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tag protein (HTP) [25]. The na- tive HTP is a monomeric protein (MW $ 33 KDa) that cleaves car- bon halogen

Rao, Jianghong

123

Validity and failure of some entropy inequalities for CAR systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Basic properties of von Neumann entropy such as the triangle inequality and what we call MONO-SSA are studied for CAR systems. We show that both inequalities hold for any even state. We construct a certain class of noneven states giving counter examples of those inequalities. It is not always possible to extend a set of prepared states on disjoint regions to some joint state on the whole region for CAR systems. However, for every even state, we have its `symmetric purification' by which the validity of those inequalities is shown. Some (realized) noneven states have peculiar state correlations among subsystems and induce the failure of those inequalities.

Hajime Moriya

2005-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

124

Structure of adenovirus bound to cellular receptor car  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a mutant CAR-DI-binding adenovirus which has a genome comprising one or more mutations in sequences which encode the fiber protein knob domain wherein the mutation causes the encoded viral particle to have a significantly weakened binding affinity for CAR-DI relative to wild-type adenovirus. Such mutations may be in sequences which encode either the AB loop, or the HI loop of the fiber protein knob domain. Specific residues and mutations are described. Also disclosed is a method for generating a mutant adenovirus which is characterized by a receptor binding affinity or specificity which differs substantially from wild type.

Freimuth, Paul I.

2007-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

125

Magna E-Car Opening | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |EnergyonSupport0.pdf5 OPAM SEMIANNUAL REPORTMA EnergyMagna E-Car Opening Magna E-Car Opening

126

Interpersonal Influence within Car Buyers’ Social Networks: Five Perspectives on Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Demonstration Participants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

my money in my beliefs…and buy a hybrid car to help promotethe production of further hybrid cars…that year they wereCar Buyers’ Social Networks: Five Perspectives on Plug-in Hybrid

Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

CAR SHARING AND MOBILITY MANAGEMENT: FACING NEW CHALLENGES WITH TECHNOLOGY AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 CAR SHARING AND MOBILITY MANAGEMENT: FACING NEW CHALLENGES WITH TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATIVE BUSINESS PLANNING Conrad Wagner, Consulting Manager Strategy & Development at Mobility Car passengers. This pa- per describes an important movement towards new "Mobility Management" in which competi

Kammen, Daniel M.

128

Transient Aerodynamic Effects on a Four-Car Platoon During Passing Maneuvers: Data Summary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

B. Marcu, F. Browand, ”The Aerodynamic Forces on Misalignedof the Transient Aerodynamic Effects on a Four-Car PlatoonBERKELEY Transient Aerodynamic Effects on a Four-Car Platoon

Tsuei, L.; Hedrick, J. K.; Savas, O.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

EcoCAR Vehicles Get Put to the Test at General Motors' Proving...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EcoCAR Vehicles Get Put to the Test at General Motors' Proving Ground EcoCAR Vehicles Get Put to the Test at General Motors' Proving Ground June 13, 2011 - 5:57pm Addthis Virginia...

130

Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership: Third Report Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR...

131

Gauge-potential approach to the kinematics of a moving car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A kinematics of the motion of a car is reformulated in terms of the theory of gauge potentials (connection on principal bundle). E(2)-connection originates in the no-slipping contact of the car with a road.

Marian Fecko

1997-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

132

Fact #724: April 23, 2012 Gas Guzzler Tax Levied on New Cars...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

4: April 23, 2012 Gas Guzzler Tax Levied on New Cars with Low Fuel Economy Fact 724: April 23, 2012 Gas Guzzler Tax Levied on New Cars with Low Fuel Economy The "Gas Guzzler Tax"...

133

Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

8: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon Fact 848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy...

134

Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cars B.2. Cold Start Emissions of Properly-Functioning CarsDriving B.5. Malfunctioning Exhaust Emissions Controls C.and California Tailpipe Emission Standards References List o

Ross, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic car identification Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Quest Car89, and Mozzie HRH97. One of the main attributes... the metaphor of trains made up of cars. The address space of the store is divided into a number of disjoint...

136

Hydrogen fuel-cell cars designed and built in student competition  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Students build hydrogen fuel-cell cars Hydrogen fuel-cell cars designed and built in student competition Middle and elementary school teams from around New Mexico participated in...

137

Efficiency assessment of an evolutive design system of car contours  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Conference on Engineering Design - ICED 09, Palo Alto, CA : United States (2009)" #12 the designer to browse through generations of car profiles from an initial population of existing silhouettes, called phenotype, are encoded in a genome. From an initial population of such individuals, a GA permits

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

138

FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM Hydrogen is a versatile energy car-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to power nearly every end-use energy need. The fuel cell -- an energy conversion device that can a particularly important role in the future by re- placing the imported petroleum we currently use in our cars) fuel cell, which is widely regarded as the most promising for light-duty transporta- tion, hydrogen gas

139

Why do we power our cars with gas? NBC Chicago  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Why can we only power our cars with gas? NBC-Chicago tackles this question with a trip to Argonne National Lab, where work on the Omnivorous Engine (runs on any blend of ethanol, butanol, and gasoline) and electric vehicles continues. A segment from NBC-Chicago's "Good Question" series.

None

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

140

Electric Power Controller for Steering Wheel Management in Electric Cars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric Power Controller for Steering Wheel Management in Electric Cars Vicente Milanés, Joshué-- Autonomous vehicles, Power control, System analysis and design, Intelligent transportation systems. I they are named hydraulic power steering (HPS) systems. If an electric motor is used then they are named electric

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed car bon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The story behind the realization of a unique project: the building of a 3D printed electric car, as told by team members. Strati materialized out of 15% carbon-reinforced ABS thermoplastic in a record 44 hours, under the very eyes of attendees at this year's International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS).

Rogers, Jay; Love, Lonnie; Johnson, Mark; Ivester, Rob; Neff, Rick; Blue, Craig;

2014-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

142

The Bolting of Magnesium Components in Car Engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The Bolting of Magnesium Components in Car Engines Sarennah J.P. Longworth Newnham College vehicles. At present this is achieved through the use of ultralight steels, aluminium alloys and magnesium alloys for some body parts. Magnesium has the highest strength-to-weight ratio of any structural metal

Cambridge, University of

143

CAR-TR-1011 UMIACS-TR-2005-39  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . ). The comparison is an optimization over all possible lighting conditions and produces an image from the modelCAR-TR-1011 CS-TR-4732 UMIACS-TR-2005-39 July 13, 2005 Non-negative Lighting and Specular Object is particularly difficult because their appearance is much more sensitive to lighting changes than

Jacobs, David

144

Decomposition of Representations of CAR Induced by Bogoliubov Endomorphisms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a Fock representation, a non-surjective Bogoliubov transformation of CAR leads to a reducible representation. For the case that the corresponding Bogoliubov operator has finite corank, the decomposition into irreducible subrepresentations is clarified. In particular, it turns out that the number of appearing subrepresentations is completely determined by the corank.

Jens B{ö}ckenhauer

1994-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

145

cars: A New Code Generation Framework for Clustered ILP Processors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

â??glu z Ashok Agrawala \\Lambda y Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering z T. J. Watson Research are characterized by a large number of non­centralized on­chip re­ sources grouped into clusters. Traditional code we present cars, a code generation framework for Clustered ILP processors, which combines the cluster

Kailas, Krishnan

146

Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The story behind the realization of a unique project: the building of a 3D printed electric car, as told by team members. Strati materialized out of 15% carbon-reinforced ABS thermoplastic in a record 44 hours, under the very eyes of attendees at this year's International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS).

Rogers, Jay; Love, Lonnie; Johnson, Mark; Ivester, Rob; Neff, Rick; Blue, Craig; ,

2014-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

147

RaisingRivals'FixedCosts Matthew Olczak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In addition much of the recent Industrial Organisation literature has focused on the importance of sunk costs, whereas this paper considers fixed costs that do not have to be sunk costs. A set of guidelines produced

Feigon, Brooke

148

From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR Experience  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

How Lynn Gantt’s EcoCAR experience took him from studying general mechanics to working at General Motors.

149

MR2 Imagerie Vision Robotique 2003 / 2004 Car Park Mapping with Simultaneous  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the challenges in the automation of vehicles takes place in the car park. Automatic vehicles must be able an automatic vehicle and building a map of the car park in real time. This project takes place within the car park of INRIA Rhone-Alpes on the CyCab vehicle with a Sick laser range scanner. A key feature

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

150

Developing a Model for Car Sharing Potential in Twin Cities Neighborhoods James Andrew  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Developing a Model for Car Sharing Potential in Twin Cities Neighborhoods James Andrew Masters neighborhoods in the Twin Cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota for their amenability to car sharing, a study of the market and use of car sharing programs in the United States was conducted through

Levinson, David M.

151

FLEXCAR -Car-sharing: it's transportation, simplified. And it has come to the University of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FLEXCAR - Car-sharing: it's transportation, simplified. And it has come to the University of Southern California! Flexcar has partnered with USC to bring environmentally-friendly car-sharing to your campus. What is Flexcar? Flexcar is a car-sharing company that offers members convenient access to our

Southern California, University of

152

APPLICATION FOR CAR SHARING PARKING PERMIT 2014/15 (EXETER CAMPUSES)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APPLICATION FOR CAR SHARING PARKING PERMIT 2014/15 (EXETER CAMPUSES) Please complete this form · To display the permit on the vehicle at all times when it is being used for car sharing purposes whilst and take it to Car Parking Office, Streatham Farm Lead name Title Permit No: Initial: Surname: BUDI Team

Bearhop, Stuart

153

MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS FROM TRAMS, TRAINS AND HYBRID CARS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS FROM TRAMS, TRAINS AND HYBRID CARS Malka N of electric and magnetic fields emitted from Australian trams, trains and hybrid cars were investigated (EMFs) has arisen. People using trains, trams and hybrid cars are exposed to higher alternating

Halgamuge, Malka N.

154

A SUBBAND HYBRID BEAMFORMING FOR IN-CAR SPEECH ENHANCEMENT Charles Fox  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A SUBBAND HYBRID BEAMFORMING FOR IN-CAR SPEECH ENHANCEMENT Charles Fox , Guillaume Vitte , Maurice is pre- sented, dedicated to in-car communication. An experimental study of the acoustic field inside the car interior leads us to propose a hy- brid beamforming algorithm, taking two frequency ranges into ac

Badeau, Roland

155

Hybrid QM/MM Car-Parrinello Simulations of Catalytic and Enzymatic Reactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Hybrid QM/MM Car-Parrinello Simulations of Catalytic and Enzymatic Reactions MariaCarola Colombo, we review some recent applications of hybrid Car-Parrinello simulations of chemical and biological recently developed a combination of these two techniques into a hybrid QM/MM Car-Parrinello scheme [4

Guidoni, Leonardo

156

Parametric optimization of hybrid car engines (Final version, published in Optimization and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parametric optimization of hybrid car engines (Final version, published in Optimization the problem of optimal design of hybrid car engines which combine thermal and electric power. The optimal a nonconvex nonsmooth optimization problem with a bundle method. Keywords: Hybrid car engines, bilevel

Bonnans, Frédéric

157

eVADER: A Perceptual Approach to Finding Minimum Warning Sound Requirements for Quiet Cars.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, such as hybrid and electric vehicles, to pedestrians has become an important issue for public policy [1], car a localization paradigm to test the detectability of hybrid and internal combustion cars by measuring listenereVADER: A Perceptual Approach to Finding Minimum Warning Sound Requirements for Quiet Cars. Ryan

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

158

EcoCAR by Georgia Tech efficiency through design and innovation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

engineering competition sponsored by the Department of Energy and General Motors EcoCAR by Georgia Tech engineering competition sponsored by the Department of Energy and General Motors #12;GT EcoCAR GOALS: Increase by the Department of Energy and General Motors EcoCAR by Georgia Tech efficiency through design and innovation

Houston, Paul L.

159

Adaptive optics for enhanced signal in CARS A. J. Wright1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive optics for enhanced signal in CARS microscopy A. J. Wright1 , S. P. Poland1 , J. M. Girkin with coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy for label-free deep tissue imaging based tissue in order to enhance the CARS signal. The combined system and sample-induced aberration correction

Xie, Xiaoliang Sunney

160

Surface localization of the nuclear receptor CAR in influenza A virus-infected cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Constitutive active/androstane receptor CAR is a member of the nuclear receptors which regulate transcription of xenobiotic metabolism enzymes. CAR is usually localized in the cytosol and nucleus. Here, we found that CAR was localized at the cell surface of influenza A virus (IAV)-infected cells. Additionally, we demonstrated that expression of a viral envelope glycoprotein, either hemagglutinin (HA) or neuraminidase (NA), but not viral nucleoprotein (NP), was responsible for this localization. This report is the first demonstration of CAR at the surface of tissue culture cells, and suggests that CAR may exert the IAV infection mechanism.

Takahashi, Tadanobu [Department of Pharmaco-Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, and COE Program in the 21st Century, 52-1 Yada, Shizuoka 422-8526 (Japan); Department of Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, CREST, JST, and COE Program in the 21st Century, Shizuoka 422-8526 (Japan); Moriyama, Yusuke; Ikari, Akira; Sugatani, Junko [Department of Pharmaco-Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, and COE Program in the 21st Century, 52-1 Yada, Shizuoka 422-8526 (Japan); Suzuki, Takashi [Department of Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, CREST, JST, and COE Program in the 21st Century, Shizuoka 422-8526 (Japan); Miwa, Masao [Department of Pharmaco-Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, and COE Program in the 21st Century, 52-1 Yada, Shizuoka 422-8526 (Japan)], E-mail: miwa@u-shizuoka-ken.ac.jp

2008-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed car bon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

High speed photometry of faint Cataclysmic Variables: II. RS Car, V365 Car,] V436 Car, AP Cru, RR Cha, BI Ori, CM Phe and V522 Sgr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Short time scale photometric properties of eight faint Cataclysmic Variable (CV) stars are presented. Nova Carinae 1895 (RS Car) has a photometric modulation at 1.977 h which could be either an orbital or a superhump period. Nova Carinae 1948 (V365 Car) shows flickering, but any orbital modulation has a period in excess of 6 h. The nova-like variable and X-ray source V436 Car has an orbital modulation at P(orb) = 4.207 h, no detectable period near 2.67 h (which had previously given it a possible intermediate polar classification), and Dwarf Nova Oscillations (DNOs) at ~40 s. Nova Crucis 1936 (AP Cru) has a double humped ellipsoidal modulation at P(orb) = 5.12 h and a stable modulation at 1837 s characteristic of an intermediate polar. Nova Chamaeleontis 1953 (RR Cha) is an ecliping system with P(orb) = 3.362 h, but at times shows negative superhumps at 3.271 h and positive superhumps at 3.466 h. In addition it has a stable period at 1950 s, characteristic of an intermediate polar. BI Ori is a dwarf nova which we observed at quiescence and outburst without detecting any orbital modulation. CM Phe is a nova-like variable for which we confirm Hoard, Wachter & Kim-Quijano's (2001) value of P(orb) = 6.454 h. We have identified the remnant of Nova Saggitarii 1931 (V522 Sgr) with a flickering source ~2.2 mag fainter than the previously proposed candidate (which we find to be non-variable).

Patrick A. Woudt; Brian Warner

2002-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

162

Fixed target facility at the SSC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The question of whether a facility for fixed target physics should be provided at the SSC must be answered before the final technical design of the SSC can be completed, particularly if the eventual form of extraction would influence the magnet design. To this end, an enthusiastic group of experimentalists, theoreticians and accelerator specialists have studied this point. The accelerator physics issues were addressed by a group led by E. Colton whose report is contained in these proceedings. The physics addressable by fixed target was considered by many of the Physics area working groups and in particular by the Structure Function Group. This report is the summary of the working group which considered various SSC fixed target experiments and determined which types of beams and detectors would be required. 13 references, 5 figures.

Loken, S.C.; Morfin, J.G.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Branching laws for polynomial endomorphisms in CAR algebra for fermions, uniformly hyperfinite algebras and Cuntz algebras  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Previously, we have shown that the CAR algebra for fermions is embedded in the Cuntz algebra ${\\cal O}_{2}$ in such a way that the generators are expressed in terms of polynomials in the canonical generators of the latter, and it coincides with the U(1)-fixed point subalgebra ${\\cal A}\\equiv {\\cal O}_{2}^{U(1)}$ of ${\\cal O}_{2}$ for the canonical gauge action. Based on this embedding formula, some properties of ${\\cal A}$ are studied in detail by restricting those of ${\\cal O}_{2}$. Various endomorphisms of ${\\cal O}_{2}$, which are defined by polynomials in the canonical generators, are explicitly constructed, and transcribed into those of ${\\cal A}$. Especially, we investigate branching laws for a certain family of such endomorphisms with respect to four important representations, i.e., the Fock representation, the infinite wedge representation and their duals. These endomorphisms are completely classified by their branching laws. As an application, we show that the reinterpretation of the Fock vacuum as the Dirac vacuum is described in representation theory through a mixture of fermions.

Mitsuo Abe; Katsunori Kawamura

2006-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

164

Essential and Fixed Oils of Kansas Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

’ Center for Digital Scholarship. http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Submitted to the University of Kansas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts EARL J. WELLINGTON E s s e n t i a l and F i x e d Oi l s of K a n s a... s Plants ESSENTIAL AND FIXED OILS OP KANSAS PLANTS. R0D1D7 HIODM The following report deals with those Kansas plants (one or two trees included) which are known to y i e l d or are suspected of yielding essential and fixed o i l s . Ho cultivated...

Wellington, Earl J.

1908-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Identifying Opportunity Spaces in the Car/Ride Sharing Environment: Creating a framework for a Suburban Community Circulator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Identifying Opportunity Spaces in the Car/Ride Sharing Environment: Creating a framework or system in suburban environ- ments alongside a car sharing service. Car sharing schemes are e ective results imply that there are opportu- nity spaces in the car/ride sharing world for automotive

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

166

Optimal coherent control of CARS: signal enhancement and background elimination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ability to enhance resonant signals and eliminate the non-resonant background is analyzed for Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS). The analysis is done at a specific frequency as well as for broadband excitation using femtosecond pulse-shaping techniques. An appropriate objective functional is employed to balance resonant signal enhancement against non-resonant background suppression. Optimal enhancement of the signal and minimization of the background can be achieved by shaping the probe pulse alone while keeping the pump and Stokes pulses in transform-limited-form (TLF). In some cases analytical forms for the probe pulse can be found, and numerical simulations are carried out for other circumstances. It is found that a good approximate solution for the optimal pulse in the two-pulse CARS is a superposition of linear and arctangent type phases for the pump. The well-known probe delay method is shown to be a quasi-optimal scheme for background suppression. The results should provide a basis to improve the performance of CARS spectroscopy and microscopy.

Fang Gao; Feng Shuang; JunHui Shi; Herschel Rabitz; HaiFeng Wang; JiXin Cheng

2012-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

167

Infrared fixed point in quantum Einstein gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We performed the renormalization group analysis of the quantum Einstein gravity in the deep infrared regime for different types of extensions of the model. It is shown that an attractive infrared point exists in the broken symmetric phase of the model. It is also shown that due to the Gaussian fixed point the IR critical exponent $\

S. Nagy; J. Krizsan; K. Sailer

2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

168

Fixed target electroweak and hard scattering physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The possibilities for future physics and experiments involving weak and electromagnetic interactions, neutrino oscillations, general hard scattering and experiments involving nuclear targets were explored. The studies were limited to the physics accessible using fixed target experimentation. While some of the avenues explored turn out to be relatively unrewarding in the light of competition elsewhere in the world, there are a number of positive conclusions reached about experimentation in the energy range available to the Main Injector and Tevatron. Some of the experiments would benefit from the increased intensity available from the Tevatron utilizing the Main Injector, while some require this increase. Finally, some of the experiments would use the Main Injector low energy, high intensity extracted beams directly. A program of electroweak and hard scattering experiments at fixed target energies retains the potential for important contributions to physics. The key to major parts of this program would appear to be the existence of the Main Injector. 115 refs, 17 figs.

Brock, R. (Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (USA)); Brown, C.N.; Montgomery, H.E. (Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (USA)); Corcoran, M.D. (eds.) (Rice Univ., Houston, TX (USA))

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

CARS polarized microscopy of three-dimensional director structures in liquid crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate three-dimensional vibrational imaging of director structures in liquid crystals using coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) polarized microscopy. Spatial mapping of the structures is based on sensitivity of a polarized CARS signal to orientation of anisotropic molecules in liquid crystals. As an example, we study structures in a smectic material and demonstrate that single-scan CARS and two-photon fluorescence images of molecular orientation patterns are consistent with each other and with the structure model.

A. V. Kachynski; A. N. Kuzmin; P. N. Prasad; I. I. Smalyukh

2007-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

170

Application of CARS to scramjet combustion. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopic (CARS) instrument has been developed for measuring simultaneously temperature and N/sub 2/ - O/sub 2/ species concentration in hostile flame environments. A folded BOXCARS arrangement was employed to obtain high spatial resolution. Polarization discrimination against the nonresonant background decreased the lower limits of O/sub 2/ detectivity. The instrument has been primarily employed for validation of computational fluid-dynamics computer-model codes. Comparisons have been made to both the CHARNAL and TEACH codes on a hydrogen diffusion flame with good results.

Antcliff, R.R.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

High Mass Triple Systems: The Classical Cepheid Y Car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have obtained an HST STIS ultraviolet high dispersion Echelle mode spectrum the binary companion of the double mode classical Cepheid Y Car. The velocity measured for the hot companion from this spectrum is very different from reasonable predictions for binary motion, implying that the companion is itself a short period binary. The measured velocity changed by 7 km/ s during the 4 days between two segments of the observation confirming this interpretation. We summarize "binary" Cepheids which are in fact members of triple system and find at least 44% are triples. The summary of information on Cepheids with orbits makes it likely that the fraction is under-estimated.

N. R. Evans; K. G. Carpenter; R. Robinson; F. Kienzle; A. E. Dekas

2005-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

172

EcoCAR the Next Challenge | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPC ENABLE: ECM Summary ECM Included NotFederal4EckMuscle Car

173

E-Print Network 3.0 - awakening response car Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

or movie) As a passenger in a car for an hour without a break ... Source: Fuerschbach, Phillip - Joining and Coating Department, Materials and Process Sciences Center, Sandia...

174

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile rack cars Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile rack cars Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Mechanical Engineering Department Seminar...

175

Peak Travel, Peak Car and the Future of Mobility: Evidence, Unresolved...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Travel, Peak Car and the Future of Mobility: Evidence, Unresolved Issues, Policy Implications, and a Research Agenda Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Peak...

176

EcoCAR 3: Collegiate Teams to Pump up Fuel Efficiency of Iconic...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

State University University of Washington University of Waterloo Wayne State University West Virginia University For more on EcoCAR 3, read this Vehicle Technologies Office...

177

Charged Quantum Fields Associated with Endomorphisms of CAR and CCR Algebras  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quasi-free endomorphisms of the CAR and CCR algebras are studied from the point of view of the theory of superselection sectors.

Carsten Binnenhei

1998-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

178

Next Generation Lunch: Revealing the World’s First 3D Printed Car (text version)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Below is the text version for the Next Generation Lunch: Revealing the World’s First 3D Printed Car Video.

179

Chandra Observations of Associates of $?$ Car: II. Spectra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The low resolution X-ray spectra around $\\eta$ Car covering Tr 16 and part of Tr 14 have been extracted from a Chandra CCD ACIS image. Various analysis techniques have been applied to the spectra based on their count rates. The spectra with the greatest number of counts (HD 93162 = WR 25, HD 93129AB, and HD 93250) have been fit with a wind model, which uses several components with different temperatures and depths in the wind. Weaker spectra have been fit with Raymond-Smith models. The weakest spectra are simply inter-compared with strong spectra. In general, fits produce reasonable parameters based on knowledge of the extinction from optical studies and on the range of temperatures for high and low mass stars. Direct comparisons of spectra confirm the consistency of the fitting results and also hardness ratios for cases of unusually large extinction in the clusters. The spectra of the low mass stars are harder than the more massive stars. Stars in the sequence evolving from the main sequence (HD 93250) through the system containing the O supergiant (HD 93129AB) and then through the Wolf-Rayet stage (HD93162), presumably ending in the extreme example of $\\eta$ Car, share the property of being unusually luminous and hard in X-rays. For these X-ray luminous stars, their high mass and evolutionary status (from the very last stages of the main sequence and beyond) is the common feature. Their binary status is mixed, and magnetic status is still uncertain.

Nancy Remage Evans; Eric M. Schlegel; Wayne L. Waldron; Frederick D. Seward; Miriam I. Krauss; Joy Nichols; Scott J. Wolk

2004-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

180

Structure of adenovirus bound to cellular receptor car  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a mutant adenovirus which has a genome comprising one or more mutations in sequences which encode the fiber protein knob domain wherein the mutation causes the encoded viral particle to have significantly weakened binding affinity for CARD1 relative to wild-type adenovirus. Such mutations may be in sequences which encode either the AB loop, or the HI loop of the fiber protein knob domain. Specific residues and mutations are described. Also disclosed is a method for generating a mutant adenovirus which is characterized by a receptor binding affinity or specificity which differs substantially from wild type. In the method, residues of the adenovirus fiber protein knob domain which are predicted to alter D1 binding when mutated, are identified from the crystal structure coordinates of the AD12knob:CAR-D1 complex. A mutation which alters one or more of the identified residues is introduced into the genome of the adenovirus to generate a mutant adenovirus. Whether or not the mutant produced exhibits altered adenovirus-CAR binding properties is then determined.

Freimuth, Paul I.

2004-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed car bon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Private development of artificial reefs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

when compared with terestrial ecosystems. Recent studies at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution emphasized that the oceans are far from an unlimited resource. The net pro- duction of the open ocean is about 50 grams of fixed car- bon per square... enhanced already existing fisheries. The continental shelf of the Gulf of Mexico is an expanse of shallow ocean bottom, and is the area inhabited by the majority of the commercially valuable reef fishes. Much of the shelf area, however, is r...

Burns, Arthur Allen

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Fixed Target Beauty Physics Experimental Programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The current and near term future fixed target physics efforts in observing particles with open beauty are reviewed. This includes a compilation of the non-observation upper limits and the observation of both upsilon and b-states. A short discussion of the theoretical predictions for the hadro-produced beauty pairs is included. The major part of this review is devoted to the techniques and tricks employed, a survey of the current and proposed experiments. A personal summary of the experimental prospects concludes this report. 28 refs., 26 figs.

Garbincius, P.H.

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Nonperturbative infrared fixed point in sextet QCD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The SU(3) gauge theory with fermions in the sextet representation is one of several theories of interest for technicolor models. We have carried out a Schrodinger functional (SF) calculation for the lattice theory with two flavors of Wilson fermions. We find that the discrete beta function changes sign when the SF renormalized coupling is in the neighborhood of g^2 = 2.0, showing a breakdown of the perturbative picture even though the coupling is weak. The most straightforward interpretation is an infrared-stable fixed point.

Benjamin Svetitsky; Yigal Shamir; Thomas DeGrand

2008-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

184

Neutron Electric Dipole Moment at Fixed Topology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe the finite volume effects of CP-odd quantities, such as the neutron electric dipole moment and the anapole moment in the $\\theta$-vacuum, under different topological sectors. We evaluate the three-point Green's functions for the electromagnetic current in a fixed non-trivial topological sector in order to extract these CP-odd observables. We discuss the role of zero modes in the CP-odd Green's function and show that, in the quenched approximation, there is a power divergence in the quark mass for CP-odd quantities at finite volume.

Keh-Fei Liu

2008-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

185

Fixed Rate Agreement | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power SystemsResourcesFLASH2011-11-OPAMFY 2007 TotalFinalJobs FindofMathematicianDepartmentFixed

186

Company Template (Fixed Support) | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energyon ArmedWaste andAccessCO2 InjectionDepartment ofFresno U.S.Commute Mode SwitchingFixed

187

Consortium Support (Fixed Support) | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energyon ArmedWaste andAccessCO2 InjectionDepartmentServicesImporter Q&AsSupport (Fixed

188

Consortium Support (Fixed Support) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen Ownedof EnergyAdvanced-30 QERDNA linkers allowMarch 31, 2015Consortium Fixed

189

Dynamic of car ownership and car use in France since the 1960s ROUX, Sophie; ARMOOGUM, Jimmy; MADRE, Jean-Loup  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamic of car ownership and car use in France since the 1960s ROUX, Sophie; ARMOOGUM, Jimmy; MADRE.roux@inrets.fr ARMOOGUM Jimmy Institut national de recherche sur les transports et leur sécurité (INRETS) Département-le-Grand cedex Tel : +33 (0)1.45.92.55.79 jimmy.armoogum@inrets.fr MADRE Jean-Loup Institut national de recherche

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

190

FIXED PRICE RESIDUAL FUNDS POLICY Policy dated March 29, 1999  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FIXED PRICE RESIDUAL FUNDS POLICY Policy dated March 29, 1999 After completion of all deliverables required under a fixed-price award, after costs in fulfilling the requirements of the award have been

Weston, Ken

191

Automatic parallel parking and platooning to redistribute electric vehicles in a car-sharing application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automatic parallel parking and platooning to redistribute electric vehicles in a car subscribers , as well as the electric car-sharing system autolib, comprising 2000 vehicles, 1200 stations this imbalance, vehicle redistribution strategies must be elaborated. As automatic relocation cannot be in place

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

192

Modelling a Car Safety Controller in Road Tunnels using Hybrid Petri Nets A. Bobbio[1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modelling a Car Safety Controller in Road Tunnels using Hybrid Petri Nets A. Bobbio[1] , M this specific issue and proposes a hybrid modeling approach based on fluid Petri nets (FPN). An FPN is used that FPN is a valid paradigm to model the dynamics of a car in a detailed way. 1 Introduction In the last

Horváth, András

193

SAT and Hybrid models of the Car Sequencing problem Christian Artigues1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SAT and Hybrid models of the Car Sequencing problem Christian Artigues1,2 , Emmanuel Hebrard1}@laas.fr {valentin.mayer-eichberger, toby.walsh}@nicta.com.au Abstract. We compare both pure SAT and hybrid CP/SAT models for solving car sequencing problems, and close 13 out of the 23 large open instances in CSPLib

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

194

SAT and Hybrid models of the Car-Sequencing problem Christian Artigues1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SAT and Hybrid models of the Car-Sequencing problem Christian Artigues1,2 , Emmanuel Hebrard1 car-sequencing problems by combining together the strengths of SAT and CP. We compare both pure SAT and hybrid CP/SAT models. Three features of these models are crucial to suc- cess. For quickly finding

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

195

On $C^*$-algebras generated by some deformations of CAR relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the representation theory and enveloping $C^*$-algebras for Wick analogues of CAR and twisted CAR algebras. The realization of the $C^*$-algebras under consideration as algebras of continuous matrix-functions satisfying certain boundary conditions is given.

Daniil Proskurin; Yurii Savchuk; Lyudmila Turowska

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

RICHIESTA INCENTIVO PER UTILIZZO SERVIZIO CAR SHARING per aziende con Mobility Manager nominato (ai sensi della D.D. 1487 del 30/12/2010)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RICHIESTA INCENTIVO PER UTILIZZO SERVIZIO CAR SHARING per aziende con Mobility Manager nominato (ai _________________________________________________________________________ codice cliente Car Sharing ________________________________________________________ Codice Fiscale iscrizione, integra la documentazione di iscrizione stessa al servizio Car Sharing e va inviata all

Guidoni, Leonardo

197

The Household Market for Electric Vehicles: Testing the Hybrid Household Hypothesis--A Reflively Designed Survey of New-car-buying, Multi-vehicle California Households  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HOW MANY HYBRID HOUSEHOLDS IN THE CALIFORNIA NEW CAR MARKET?average 2.43 cars per household, then the hybrid householdnumber of multi-car households that fit our hybrid household

Turrentine, Thomas; Kurani, Kenneth

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Opposing regulation of cytochrome P450 expression by CAR and PXR in hypothyroid mice  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Clinical hypothyroidism affects various metabolic processes including drug metabolism. CYP2B and CYP3A are important cytochrome P450 drug metabolizing enzymes that are regulated by the xenobiotic receptors constitutive androstane receptor (CAR, NR1I3) and pregnane X receptor (PXR, NR1I2). We evaluated the regulation of the hepatic expression of CYPs by CAR and PXR in the hypothyroid state induced by a low-iodine diet containing 0.15% propylthiouracil. Expression of Cyp3a11 was suppressed in hypothyroid C57BL/6 wild type (WT) mice and a further decrement was observed in hypothyroid CAR{sup ?/?} mice, but not in hypothyroid PXR{sup ?/?} mice. In contrast, expression of Cyp2b10 was induced in both WT and PXR{sup ?/?} hypothyroid mice, and this induction was abolished in CAR{sup ?/?} mice and in and CAR{sup ?/?} PXR{sup ?/?} double knockouts. CAR mRNA expression was increased by hypothyroidism, while PXR expression remained unchanged. Carbamazepine (CBZ) is a commonly used antiepileptic that is metabolized by CYP3A isoforms. After CBZ treatment of normal chow fed mice, serum CBZ levels were highest in CAR{sup ?/?} mice and lowest in WT and PXR{sup ?/?} mice. Hypothyroid WT or PXR{sup ?/?} mice survived chronic CBZ treatment, but all hypothyroid CAR{sup ?/?} and CAR{sup ?/?} PXR{sup ?/?} mice died, with CAR{sup ?/?}PXR{sup ?/?} mice surviving longer than CAR{sup ?/?} mice (12.3 ± 3.3 days vs. 6.3 ± 2.1 days, p = 0.04). All these findings suggest that hypothyroid status affects xenobiotic metabolism, with opposing responses of CAR and PXR and their CYP targets that can cancel each other out, decreasing serious metabolic derangement in response to a xenobiotic challenge. -- Highlights: ? Hypothyroid status activates CAR in mice and induces Cyp2b10 expression. ? Hypothyroid status suppresses PXR activity in mice and represses Cyp3a11 expression. ? These responses balance each other out in normal mice. ? Hypothyroidism sensitizes CAR null mice to toxic effects of carbamazepine.

Park, Young Joo [Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of) [Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of); Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Eun Kyung [Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Yoon Kwang [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030 (United States)] [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030 (United States); Park, Do Joon; Jang, Hak Chul [Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of); Moore, David D., E-mail: moore@bcm.edu [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030 (United States)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

The Molecular Interaction of CAR and JAML Recruits the Central Cell Signal Transducer PI3K  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coxsackie and adenovirus receptor (CAR) is the primary cellular receptor for group B coxsackieviruses and most adenovirus serotypes and plays a crucial role in adenoviral gene therapy. Recent discovery of the interaction between junctional adhesion molecule-like protein (JAML) and CAR uncovered important functional roles in immunity, inflammation, and tissue homeostasis. Crystal structures of JAML ectodomain (2.2 angstroms) and its complex with CAR (2.8 angstroms) reveal an unusual immunoglobulin-domain assembly for JAML and a charged interface that confers high specificity. Biochemical and mutagenesis studies illustrate how CAR-mediated clustering of JAML recruits phosphoinositide 3-kinase (P13K) to a JAML intracellular sequence motif as delineated for the {alpha}{beta} T cell costimulatory receptor CD28. Thus, CAR and JAML are cell signaling receptors of the immune system with implications for asthma, cancer, and chronic nonhealing wounds.

Verdino, Petra; Witherden, Deborah A.; Havran, Wendy L.; Wilson, Ian A. (Scripps)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

200

Containment atmosphere response (CAR) program. Second status report. [HTGR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains a summary of the work performed under the Containment Atmosphere Response (CAR) Program of the High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (HTGR) Safety Research Task since the publication of the previous status report (February 1978). The work concentrated on development of models describing containment phenomena during core heatup in support of probabilistic risk assessment studies. Models were completed for fission product iodine sorption on coated surfaces, diffusivity and retentivity of untreated concrete, iodine interaction with condensing steam on the containment atmosphere boundaries, and the cleanup filter system. These models were incorporated into a new computer program called CARCAS, a substantial extension of the CNTB computer program, and applied to Accident Initiation and Progression Analysis for Phase II core heatup sequences. Development was begun on models describing the postulated behavior of particulate fission products or aerosols within and leaking out of the containment.

Landoni, J.A.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed car bon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Eta Car and Its Surroundings: the X-ray Diagnosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X-ray emission from the supermassive star Eta Carinae (\\ec) originates from hot shocked gas produced by current stellar mass loss as well as ejecta from prior eruptive events. Absorption of this emission by cool material allows the determination of the spatial and temporal distribution of this material. Emission from the shocked gas can provide important information about abundances through the study of thermal X-ray line emission. We discuss how studies of the X-ray emission from Eta Car at a variety of temporal, spatial and spectral scales and resolutions have helped refine our knowledge of both the continuous and discrete mass loss from the system, and its interactions with more extended material around the star.

M. F. Corcoran; K. Hamaguchi

2007-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

202

Local Motors Begins Their Six Day Quest to 3D Print the ‘Strati’ Car Live at IMTS  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

An article detailing Local Motors' preparation to 3D print a car at the September 2014 International Manufacturing Technology Show.

203

Realignment-enhanced coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) and three-dimensional imaging in anisotropic fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We apply coherent anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS) microscopy to characterize director structures in liquid crystals.

A. V. Kachynski; A. N. Kuzmin; P. N. Prasad; I. I. Smalyukh

2008-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

204

Fixed target experiments at the Fermilab Tevatron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents a review of the study of Exclusive Central Production at a Center of Mass energy of $\\sqrt{s}=40$ GeV at the Fermilab Fixed Target program. In all reactions reviewed in this paper, protons with an energy of 800 GeV were extracted from the Tevatron accelerator at Fermilab and directed to a Liquid Hydrogen target. The states reviewed include $\\pi^+\\pi^-$, $K^0_s K^0_s$, $ K^0_sK^\\pm\\pi^\\mp$, $\\phi\\phi$ and $D^{*\\pm}$. Partial Wave Analysis results will be presented on the light states but only the cross section will be reviewed in the diffractive production of $D^{*\\pm}$

Gaston Gutierrez; Marco A. Reyes

2014-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

205

On fixed-gap adiabatic quantum computation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum computation has revolutionary potential for speeding algorithms and for simulating quantum systems such as molecules. We report here a quantum computer design that performs universal quantum computation within a single non-degenerate ground state protected from decohering noise by an energy gap that we argue is system-size-independent. Closely analogous to a traditional electric circuit, it substantially changes the requirements for quantum computer construction, easing measurement, timing, and heating problems. Using the standard adiabatic condition, we present evidence that this design permits "quantum concurrent processing" distributing a quantum computation among extra qubits to perform a quantum algorithm of N gates in an amount of time that scales with the square root of N. One consequence of our work is a fixed gap version of adiabatic quantum computation, which several arguments hinted could be impossible.

Ari Mizel

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

206

Chandra Observations of Associates of $?$ Car: I. Luminosities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The region around the $\\eta$ Car nebula has three OB associations, which contain a Wolf-Rayet star and several massive O3 stars. An early Chandra ACIS-I image was centered on $\\eta$ Car and includes Trumpler 16 and part of Trumpler 14. The Chandra image confirms the well-known result that O and very early B stars are X-ray sources with L$_X$ $\\simeq$ 10$^{-7} \\times$ L$_{bol}$ over an X-ray luminosity range of about 100. Two new anomalously strong X-ray sources have been found among the hot star population, Tr 16-244, a heavily-reddened O3 I star, and Tr 16-22, a heavily-reddened O8.5 V star. Two stars have an unusually large L$_X$/L$_{bol}$: HD 93162, a Wolf-Rayet star (and possible binary), and Tr 16-22, a possible colliding wind binary In addition, a population of sources associated with cool stars is detected. In the color-magnitude diagram, these X-ray sources sit above the sequence of field stars in the Carina arm. The OB stars are on average more X-ray luminous than the cool star X-ray sources. X-ray sources among A stars have similar X-ray luminosities to cooler stars, and may be due to cooler companions. Upper limits are presented for B stars which are not detected in X-rays. These upper limits are also the upper limits for any cool companions which the hot stars may have. Hardness ratios are presented for the most luminous sources in bands 0.5 to 0.9 keV, 0.9 to 1.5 keV, and 1.5 to 2.04 kev. The available information on the binary nature of the hot stars is discussed, but binarity does not correlate with X-ray strength in a simple way.

Nancy Remage Evans; Frederick D. Seward; Miriam I. Krauss; Takashi Isobe; Joy Nichols; Eric M. Schlegel; Scott J. Wolk

2003-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

207

Apparatus for fixed bed coal gasification  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus for fixed-bed coal gasification is described in which coal such as caking coal is continuously pyrolyzed with clump formation inhibited, by combining the coal with a combustible gas and an oxidant, and then continually feeding the pyrolyzed coal under pressure and elevated temperature into the gasification region of a pressure vessel. The materials in the pressure vessel are allowed to react with the gasifying agents in order to allow the carbon contents of the pyrolyzed coal to be completely oxidized. The combustion of gas produced from the combination of coal pyrolysis and gasification involves combining a combustible gas coal and an oxidant in a pyrolysis chamber and heating the components to a temperature of at least 1600.degree. F. The products of coal pyrolysis are dispersed from the pyrolyzer directly into the high temperature gasification region of a pressure vessel. Steam and air needed for gasification are introduced in the pressure vessel and the materials exiting the pyrolyzer flow down through the pressure vessel by gravity with sufficient residence time to allow any carbon to form carbon monoxide. Gas produced from these reactions are then released from the pressure vessel and ash is disposed of.

Sadowski, Richard S. (Greenville, SC)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Models for estimation of car fuel consumption in urban traffic  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article describes four fuel-consumption models. The models are interrelated and form part of the same modeling framework. A simpler model is derived from a more complicated model keeping the vehicle characteristic such as mass, drag function, and energy efficiency as explicit parameters at all model levels. Because vehicle characteristics are likely to change over time and from country to country, this is a particularly useful model property. For simplicity here, only the instantaneous fuel-consumption model is described in any detail. However, because of the derivation procedure, many of the features and properties of this model are present in the more aggregate models. Easy-to-use functions and graphs are given for the more aggregate models based on a ''default car'' in urban driving conditions. All parameters related to the speed profile and driving environment were calibrated using on-road data collected in Sydney, Australia. Use of the models is illustrated by estimating the fuel consumption for the microtrip.

Biggs, D.C.; Akcelik

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Cars  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The General Motors and DOE cooperative agreement program DE-EE0003379 is completed. The program has integrated and demonstrated a lean-stratified gasoline engine, a lean aftertreatment system, a 12V Stop/Start system and an Active Thermal Management system along with the necessary controls that significantly improves fuel efficiency for small cars. The fuel economy objective of an increase of 25% over a 2010 Chevrolet Malibu and the emission objective of EPA T2B2 compliance have been accomplished. A brief review of the program, summarized from the narrative is: The program accelerates development and synergistic integration of four cost competitive technologies to improve fuel economy of a light-duty vehicle by at least 25% while meeting Tier 2 Bin 2 emissions standards. These technologies can be broadly implemented across the U.S. light-duty vehicle product line between 2015 and 2025 and are compatible with future and renewable biofuels. The technologies in this program are: lean combustion, innovative passive selective catalyst reduction lean aftertreatment, 12V stop/start and active thermal management. The technologies will be calibrated in a 2010 Chevrolet Malibu mid-size sedan for final fuel economy demonstration.

None

2013-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

210

Localization via Automorphisms of the CARs. Local gauge invariance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The classical matter fields are sections of a vector bundle E with base manifold M. The space L^2(E) of square integrable matter fields w.r.t. a locally Lebesgue measure on M, has an important module action of C_b^\\infty(M) on it. This module action defines restriction maps and encodes the local structure of the classical fields. For the quantum context, we show that this module action defines an automorphism group on the algebra A, of the canonical anticommutation relations on L^2(E), with which we can perform the analogous localization. That is, the net structure of the CAR, A, w.r.t. appropriate subsets of M can be obtained simply from the invariance algebras of appropriate subgroups. We also identify the quantum analogues of restriction maps. As a corollary, we prove a well-known "folk theorem," that the algebra A contains only trivial gauge invariant observables w.r.t. a local gauge group acting on E.

Hendrik Grundling; Karl-Hermann Neeb

2010-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

211

Viscosity of alumina nanoparticles dispersed in car engine coolant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present paper, describes our experimental results on the viscosity of the nanofluid prepared by dispersing alumina nanoparticles (<50 nm) in commercial car coolant. The nanofluid prepared with calculated amount of oleic acid (surfactant) was tested to be stable for more than 80 days. The viscosity of the nanofluids is measured both as a function of alumina volume fraction and temperature between 10 and 50 C. While the pure base fluid display Newtonian behavior over the measured temperature, it transforms to a non-Newtonian fluid with addition of a small amount of alumina nanoparticles. Our results show that viscosity of the nanofluid increases with increasing nanoparticle concentration and decreases with increase in temperature. Most of the frequently used classical models severely under predict the measured viscosity. Volume fraction dependence of the nanofluid viscosity, however, is predicted fairly well on the basis of a recently reported theoretical model for nanofluids that takes into account the effect of Brownian motion of nanoparticles in the nanofluid. The temperature dependence of the viscosity of engine coolant based alumina nanofluids obeys the empirical correlation of the type: log ({mu}{sub nf}) = A exp(BT), proposed earlier by Namburu et al. (author)

Kole, Madhusree; Dey, T.K. [Thermophysical Measurements Laboratory, Cryogenic Engineering Centre, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur 721 302 (India)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

212

Optimal motion planning with the half-car dynamical model for autonomous high-speed driving  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss an implementation of the RRT* optimal motion planning algorithm for the half-car dynamical model to enable autonomous high-speed driving. To develop fast solutions of the associated local steering problem, we ...

Jeon, Jeong hwan

213

Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) optimized by exploiting optical interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this work is to study the interference between the coherent nonresonant four-wave-mixing (FWM) background and the Raman-resonant signal in the coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS). The nonresonant background is usually...

Wang, Xi

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

214

Rockets 2 Race Cars Teacher Program at the Kentucky Speedway (NASA)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Register here. Go Green Edition / The Heat is ON! Get your students revved up about science, technology, engineering and mathematics with NASA's Rockets 2 Race Cars STEM Education program....

215

Fact #847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

The share of sport utility vehicles (SUVs) has grown from about 6% of production in 1990 to one-third of the production in 2014 (counting both car SUVs and truck SUVs). The...

216

Cars and the City: An Investigation of Transportation and Residential Location Choices in New York City  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Higher subway line availability raises the utility of thatof subway lines near home rises, the utility of alternativesof subway lines at home reduces the utility of owning a car

Salon, Deborah

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Fact #847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle Production in 2014 fotw847web.xlsx More Documents & Publications Fact 848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of...

218

Fact #856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for Owner Satisfaction fotw856web.xlsx More Documents & Publications Quarterly Analysis Review February 2015 Fact 853 December 29,...

219

Fact #867: April 6, 2015 Car-Sharing and Ride-Summoning Are a...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

fotw867web.xlsx More Documents & Publications Fact 856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for Owner Satisfaction - Dataset Fact 845: November 3,...

220

Linings with optimum heat-emission surfaces for cars receiving and transporting incandescent coke  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The least reliable components of the cars which receive and transport incandescent coke are the lining plates. This applies to both the quenching cars used for wet quenching and the hot-coke cars used in the dry cooling process. Technical advances have been described whereby the life of car linings is prolonged by increasing heat emission from the lining plate surfaces. As the heat emission level is enhanced the mean plate temperature is lowered and the lining life thereby prolonged; moreover, the between-servicings period is prolonged. This involves providing fins on the non-working (outer) plate surfaces. The problem of optimizing the size and shape of the fins with reference to heat emission remains unsolved: the requirement is maximum heat emission from plates of a given weight, or conversely minimum plate weight for a given heat emission level. 6 refs., 3 figs.

Kotlyar, B.D.; Pleshkov, P.I.; Gadyatskii, V.G. [and others

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed car bon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Nanotechnology in our Daily Life Iridescent car paint: Based on interference colors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnology in our Daily Life Iridescent car paint: Based on interference colors (like a butterly, no bleaching after 5 years Miami) #12;Nanotechnology on our Desktops Hard Disk Sensor Medium

Himpsel, Franz J.

222

Automatic deployment of autonomous cars in a robotic urban-like environment (RULE)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a computational framework and experimental setup for deployment of autonomous cars in a miniature Robotic Urban-Like Environment (RULE). The specifications are given in rich, human-like language as temporal logic ...

Itani, Sara T.

223

Notes on the equality in SSA of entropy on CAR algebra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We prove a necessary an sufficient condition for the states which satisfy strong subadditivity of von Neumann entropy with equality on CAR algebra and we show an example when the equality holds but the state is not separable.

J. Pitrik; V. P. Belavkin

2006-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

224

A crossed product of the CAR algebra in the Cuntz algebra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we show that the Cuntz algebra can be represented as a C*-crossed product by endomorphism of the canonical anticommutation relations (CAR) algebra, generated by the standard recursive fermion system.

Marat Aukhadiev; Alexander Nikitin; Airat Sitdikov

2014-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

225

The structure of strongly additive states and Markov triplets on the CAR algebra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We find a characterization of states satisfying equality in strong subadditivity of entropy and of Markov triplets on the CAR algebra. For even states, a more detailed structure of the density matrix is given.

Anna Jencova

2010-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

226

Driving and passengering: notes on the ordinary organisation of car travel   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We spend ever increasing periods of our lives travelling in cars, yet quite what it is we do while travelling, aside from driving the vehicle itself, is largely overlooked. Drawing on analyses of video records of a series ...

Laurier, Eric; Lorimer, Hayden; Brown, Barry; Jones, Owain; Juhlin, Oskar; Noble, Allyson; Perry, Mark; Pica, Daniele; Sormani, Philippe; Strebel, Ignaz; Swan, Laurel; Taylor, Alex S; Watts, Laura; Weilenmann, Alexandra

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Redesigning experimental equipment for determining peak pressure in a simulated tank car transfer line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When liquids are transported from storage tanks to tank cars, improper order of valve openings can cause pressure surges in the transfer line. To model this phenomenon and predict the peak pressures in such a transfer line, ...

Diaz, Richard A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Structural Estimation of Price Adjustment Costs in the European Car Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corolla, Peugeot 405, and BMW 5-series. Sales are new carGermany Audi Korea Daewoo BMW Hyundai MCC Kia Mercedes SpainTalbotSimcaHillmanSunbe Germany BMW Daimler Mercedes VW

Noton, Carlos

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

A Chance-Constrained Model & Cutting Planes for Fixed Broadband ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

France, e-mail: david.coudert@inria.fr ... and by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs. ..... N., Rivano, H.: Power-efficient radio configuration in fixed broad-.

2011-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

230

Diesel Particulate Oxidation Model: Combined Effects of Fixed...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Volatile Carbon Diesel Particulate Oxidation Model: Combined Effects of Fixed & Volatile Carbon Poster presented at the 16th Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research...

231

The winds of Luminous Blue Variables and the Mass of AG Car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present radiation-driven wind models for Luminous Blue Variables (LBVs) and predict their mass-loss rates. A comparison between our predictions and the observations of AG Car shows that the variable mass loss behaviour of LBVs is due the recombination/ionisation of Fe IV/III and Fe III/II. We also derive a present-day mass of 35 Msun for AG Car.

Jorick S. Vink; Alex de Koter

2002-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

232

Fixed Space of Positive Trace-Preserving Super-Operators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the fixed space of positive trace-preserving super-operators. We describe a specific structure that this space must have and what the projection onto it must look like. We show how these results, in turn, lead to an alternative proof of the complete characterization of the fixed space of completely positive trace-preserving super-operators.

Ansis Rosmanis

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

233

Steady periodic waves bifurcating for fixed-depth rotational flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-current interactions [29, 37] or flows generated by wind-shear [30] (see [6] for a comprehensive discussion than the mass-flux. It is important to note that fixing the mass-flux p0 does not fix the depth d

234

Adaptive MFR Parameter Control: Fixed vs. Variable Probabilities of Detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

probability on measurement level, i.c. plot level, should be fixed. This is done either by fixing.boers,hans.driessen,jitse.zwaga}@nl.thalesgroup.com keywords: Multi Function Radar, Tracking, Optimization Abstract In this paper an efficient adaptive parameter control scheme for Multi Function Radar (MFR) is used. The scheme has been designed in such a way

Al Hanbali, Ahmad

235

Classification of two dimensional fixed sun angle solar sail trajectories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Classification of two dimensional fixed sun angle solar sail trajectories Stephen Wokes, Phil heliocentric trajectories for fixed sun angle solar sails are examined. The objective of this work (lightness factor) and Sun angle this phase space shows all possible solar sail trajectories. This phase

Roberts, Mark

236

Portfolio optimization with linear and fixed transaction costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Portfolio optimization with linear and fixed transaction costs Miguel Sousa Lobo1 Maryam Fazel2 optimization with linear and fixed transaction costs Abstract We consider the problem of portfolio selection of the return, and bounds on different shortfall probabilities are efficiently handled by convex optimization

237

CONSTRUCTION OF MULTIPLY FIXED n-VALUED MAPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONSTRUCTION OF MULTIPLY FIXED n-VALUED MAPS Robert F. Brown Department of Mathematics University of California Los Angeles, CA 90095-1555 e-mail: rfb@math.ucla.edu September 29, 2014 Abstract A self-map, either single-valued or multi-valued, is multiply fixed if every map homotopic to it has at least two

Brown, Robert F.

238

PRESSURIZATION OF FIXED ROOF STORAGE TANKS DUE TO EXTERNAL FIRES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PRESSURIZATION OF FIXED ROOF STORAGE TANKS DUE TO EXTERNAL FIRES Fabien FouiHen, INERIS, Parc. Reflections led on this accident have pushed to consider the phenomenon of tank pressurization as a potential initiating event of the fire ball observed. In concrete terms, when a fixed roof storage tank is surrounded

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

239

High-resolution X-ray spectroscopy of Theta Car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Context : The peculiar hot star Theta Car in the open cluster IC2602 is a blue straggler as well as a single-line binary of short period (2.2d). Aims : Its high-energy properties are not well known, though X-rays can provide useful constraints on the energetic processes at work in binaries as well as in peculiar, single objects. Methods : We present the analysis of a 50ks exposure taken with the XMM-Newton observatory. It provides medium as well as high-resolution spectroscopy. Results : Our high-resolution spectroscopy analysis reveals a very soft spectrum with multiple temperature components (1--6MK) and an X-ray flux slightly below the `canonical' value (log[L_X(0.1-10.)/L_{BOL}] ~ -7). The X-ray lines appear surprisingly narrow and unshifted, reminiscent of those of beta Cru and tau Sco. Their relative intensities confirm the anomalous abundances detected in the optical domain (C strongly depleted, N strongly enriched, O slightly depleted). In addition, the X-ray data favor a slight depletion in neon and iron, but they are less conclusive for the magnesium abundance (solar-like?). While no significant changes occur during the XMM-Newton observation, variability in the X-ray domain is detected on the long-term range. The formation radius of the X-ray emission is loosely constrained to <5 R_sol, which allows for a range of models (wind-shock, corona, magnetic confinement,...) though not all of them can be reconciled with the softness of the spectrum and the narrowness of the lines.

Yael Naze; Gregor Rauw

2008-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

240

QU Car: a very high luminosity nova-like binary with a carbon-enriched companion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

QU Car is listed in cataclysmic variable star catalogues as a nova-like variable. This little-studied, yet bright interacting binary is re-appraised here in the light of new high-quality ultraviolet (UV) interstellar line data obtained with STIS on board the Hubble Space Telescope. The detection of a component of interstellar absorption at a mean LSR velocity of $-$14 km s$^{-1}$ indicates that the distance to QU Car may be $\\sim$2 kpc or more -- a considerable increase on the previous lower-limiting distance of 500 pc. If so, the bolometric luminosity of QU Car could exceed $10^{37}$ ergs s$^{-1}$. This would place this binary in the luminosity domain occupied by known compact-binary supersoft X-ray sources. Even at a 500 pc, QU Car appears to be the most luminous nova-like variable known. New intermediate dispersion optical spectroscopy of QU Car spanning 3800--7000 \\AA is presented. These data yield the discovery that C{\\sc iv} $\\lambda\\lambda$5801,12 is present as an unusually prominent emission line in an otherwise low-contrast line spectrum. Using measurements of this and other lines in a recombination line analysis, it is shown that the C/He abundance as proxied by the n(C$^{4+}$)/n(He$^{2+}$) ratio may be as high as 0.06 (an order of magnitude higher than the solar ratio). Furthermore, the C/O abundance ratio is estimated to be greater than 1. These findings suggest that the companion in QU Car is a carbon star. If so, it would be the first example of a carbon star in such a binary. An early-type R star best matches the required abundance pattern and could escape detection at optical wavelengths provided the distance to QU Car is $\\sim$2 kpc or more.

J. E. Drew; L. E. Hartley; K. S. Long; J. van der Walt

2002-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed car bon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid catabolic pathway Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

metabolism of nutrients1 Summary: , and cell cultures to investigate the interconnectivity of the pathways of macronutrient and nucleic acid... -labeled car- bon skeletons...

242

E-Print Network 3.0 - argon 1s photoelectron Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

silicon dioxide, and gold Summary: that increasing exposure time resulted in the intensity of the car- bon (1s) signal increasing relative... for 21 hours exhibits a carbon...

243

FreedomCAR Advanced Traction Drive Motor Development Phase I  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of this program is to design and develop an advanced traction motor that will meet the FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) 2010 goals and the traction motor technical targets. The motor specifications are given in Section 1.3. Other goals of the program include providing a cost study to ensure the motor can be developed within the cost targets needed for the automotive industry. The program has focused on using materials that are both high performance and low costs such that the performance can be met and cost targets are achieved. In addition, the motor technologies and machine design features must be compatible with high volume manufacturing and able to provide high reliability, efficiency, and ruggedness while simultaneously reducing weight and volume. Weight and volume reduction will become a major factor in reducing cost, material cost being the most significant part of manufacturing cost at high volume. Many motor technology categories have been considered in the past and present for traction drive applications, including: brushed direct current (DC), PM (PM) brushless dc (BLDC), alternating current (AC) induction, switched reluctance and synchronous reluctance machines. Of these machine technologies, PM BLDC has consistently demonstrated an advantage in terms of power density and efficiency. As rare earth magnet cost has declined, total cost may also be reduced over the other technologies. Of the many different configurations of PM BLDC machines, those which incorporate power production utilizing both magnetic torque as well as reluctance torque appear to have the most promise for traction applications. There are many different PM BLDC machine configurations which employ both of these torque producing mechanisms; however, most would fall into one of two categories--some use weaker magnets and rely more heavily on reluctance torque (reluctance-dominant PM machines), others use strong PMs and supplement with reluctance torque (magnet-dominant PM machines). This report covers a trade study that was conducted in this phase I program to explore which type of machine best suits the FCVT requirements.

Ley, Josh (UQM Technologies, Inc.); Lutz, Jon (UQM Technologies, Inc.)

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Thermodynamics of SU(3) gauge theory at fixed lattice spacing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study thermodynamics of SU(3) gauge theory at fixed scales on the lattice, where we vary temperature by changing the temporal lattice size N_t=(Ta_t)^{-1}. In the fixed scale approach, finite temperature simulations are performed on common lattice spacings and spatial volumes. Consequently, we can isolate thermal effects in observables from other uncertainties, such as lattice artifact, renormalization factor, and spatial volume effect. Furthermore, in the EOS calculations, the fixed scale approach is able to reduce computational costs for zero temperature subtraction and parameter search to find lines of constant physics, which are demanding in full QCD simulations. As a test of the approach, we study the thermodynamics of the SU(3) gauge theory on isotropic and anisotropic lattices. In addition to the equation of state, we calculate the critical temperature and the static quark free energy at a fixed scale.

T. Umeda; S. Ejiri; S. Aoki; T. Hatsuda; K. Kanaya; Y. Maezawa; H. Ohno

2008-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

245

Total effective dose equivalent associated with fixed uranium surface contamination  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides the technical basis for establishing a uranium fixed-contamination action level, a fixed uranium surface contamination level exceeding the total radioactivity values of Appendix D of Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, part 835 (10CFR835), but below which the monitoring, posting, and control requirements for Radiological Areas are not required for the area of the contamination. An area of fixed uranium contamination between 1,000 dpm/100 cm{sup 2} and that level corresponding to an annual total effective dose equivalent (TEDE) of 100 mrem requires only routine monitoring, posting to alert personnel of the contamination, and administrative control. The more extensive requirements for monitoring, posting, and control designated by 10CFR835 for Radiological Areas do not have to be applied for these intermediate fixed-contamination levels.

Bogard, J.S.; Hamm, R.N.; Ashley, J.C.; Turner, J.E.; England, C.A.; Swenson, D.E.; Brown, K.S.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Fixing Embryos for In Situ Hybridization Leslie Vosshall  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with a piece of nylon attached by the hollowed-out lid of the tube) in a small Tupperware container. Using and gently dry the bottom. Use a paint brush to transfer all dechorionated embryos to the fix. Embryos

247

Orlando Utilities Commission- Home Energy Efficiency Fix-Up Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Orlando Utilities Commission's Home Energy Fix-Up Program provides assistance to low-income residential customers. To qualify for the program the total annual family income must be less than $40...

248

Experimental study of variations in background radiation and the effect on Nuclear Car Wash sensitivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Error rates in a cargo screening system such as the Nuclear Car Wash [1-7] depend on the standard deviation of the background radiation count rate. Because the Nuclear Car Wash is an active interrogation technique, the radiation signal for fissile material must be detected above a background count rate consisting of cosmic, ambient, and neutron-activated radiations. It was suggested previously [1,6] that the Corresponding negative repercussions for the sensitivity of the system were shown. Therefore, to assure the most accurate estimation of the variation, experiments have been performed to quantify components of the actual variance in the background count rate, including variations in generator power, irradiation time, and container contents. The background variance is determined by these experiments to be a factor of 2 smaller than values assumed in previous analyses, resulting in substantially improved projections of system performance for the Nuclear Car Wash.

Church, J; Slaughter, D; Norman, E; Asztalos, S; Biltoft, P

2007-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

249

Contamination effects on fixed-bias Langmuir probes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Langmuir probes are standard instruments for plasma density measurements on many sounding rockets. These probes can be operated in swept-bias as well as in fixed-bias modes. In swept-bias Langmuir probes, contamination effects are frequently visible as a hysteresis between consecutive up and down voltage ramps. This hysteresis, if not corrected, leads to poorly determined plasma densities and temperatures. With a properly chosen sweep function, the contamination parameters can be determined from the measurements and correct plasma parameters can then be determined. In this paper, we study the contamination effects on fixed-bias Langmuir probes, where no hysteresis type effect is seen in the data. Even though the contamination is not evident from the measurements, it does affect the plasma density fluctuation spectrum as measured by the fixed-bias Langmuir probe. We model the contamination as a simple resistor-capacitor circuit between the probe surface and the plasma. We find that measurements of small scale plasma fluctuations (meter to sub-meter scale) along a rocket trajectory are not affected, but the measured amplitude of large scale plasma density variation (tens of meters or larger) is attenuated. From the model calculations, we determine amplitude and cross-over frequency of the contamination effect on fixed-bias probes for different contamination parameters. The model results also show that a fixed bias probe operating in the ion-saturation region is affected less by contamination as compared to a fixed bias probe operating in the electron saturation region.

Steigies, C. T. [Institut fuer Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, Christian-Albrechts-Universitaet zu Kiel, 24098 Kiel (Germany); Barjatya, A. [Department of Physical Sciences, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach, Florida 32114 (United States)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

250

Experimental Validation of a Numerical Controller Using Convex Optimization with Linear Matrix Inequalities on a Quarter-Car Suspension System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the transfer function from the road disturbance to the actuating effort with the change in the sprung mass of the quarter-car system. The quarter-car system makes use of a linear brushless permanent magnet motor (LBPMM) as an actuator, a linear variable...

Chintala, Rohit

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

251

Expression of CAR in SW480 and HepG2 cells during G1 is associated with cell proliferation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) is a transcription factor to regulate the expression of several genes related to drug-metabolism. Here, we demonstrate that CAR protein accumulates during G1 in human SW480 and HepG2 cells. After the G1/S phase transition, CAR protein levels decreased, and CAR was hardly detected in cells by the late M phase. CAR expression in both cell lines was suppressed by RNA interference-mediated suppression of CDK4. Depletion of CAR by RNA interference in both cells and by hepatocyte growth factor treatment in HepG2 cells resulted in decreased MDM2 expression that led to p21 upregulation and repression of HepG2 cell growth. Thus, our results demonstrate that CAR expression is an early G1 event regulated by CDK4 that contributes to MDM2 expression; these findings suggest that CAR may influence the expression of genes involved in not only the metabolism of endogenous and exogenous substances but also in the cell proliferation.

Osabe, Makoto [Department of Pharmaco-Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, 52-1 Yada, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8526 (Japan); Sugatani, Junko [Department of Pharmaco-Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, 52-1 Yada, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8526 (Japan); Global COE Program, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, Shizuoka (Japan)], E-mail: sugatani@u-shizuoka-ken.ac.jp; Takemura, Akiko; Yamazaki, Yasuhiro; Ikari, Akira [Department of Pharmaco-Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, 52-1 Yada, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8526 (Japan); Kitamura, Naomi [Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama (Japan); Negishi, Masahiko [Pharmacogenetics Section, Laboratory of Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Miwa, Masao [Department of Pharmaco-Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, 52-1 Yada, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8526 (Japan)

2008-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

252

Power Electronics Design of a Solar Powered In-car Wireless Tag for Asset Tracking and Parking Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

description Figure 1 shows the system block diagram. Maximum output power of the solar cell is extractedPower Electronics Design of a Solar Powered In-car Wireless Tag for Asset Tracking and Parking and testing of a power conditioning circuit for a solar powered in-car wireless tag for asset tracking

253

of hydrogen-powered cars," he says. But a major hurdle remains: the cost of platinum metal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of hydrogen-powered cars," he says. But a major hurdle remains: the cost of platinum metal needed to make fuel cells efficient. Fuel cells work by combining hydrogen gas with oxygen from the air for hydrogen-powered cars in mass production facilities," says SFU chemistry professor Steve Holdcroft, who

254

Stray thermal influences in zinc fixed-point cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The influence of thermal effects is a major uncertainty contribution to the calibration of Standard Platinum Resistance Thermometers (SPRTs) in fixed-point cells. Axial heat losses strongly depend on the fixed-point temperature, constructional details of cells and SPRTs and the resulting heat transfer between cell, thermometer, furnace and environment. At the zinc point contributions by heat conduction and thermal radiation must be considered. Although the measurement of temperature gradients in the re-entrant well of a fixed-point cell provides very important information about the influence of axial heat losses, further investigations are required for a reliable estimate of the resulting uncertainty contribution. It is shown that specific modifications of a zinc fixed-point cell, following generally accepted principles, may result in systematic deviations of the measured fixed-point temperatures larger than typically stated in the uncertainty budget of National Metrology Institutes (NMIs). The underlying heat transport processes are investigated and the consequences for the construction of zinc cells are discussed.

Rudtsch, S.; Aulich, A.; Monte, C. [Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Abbestr. 2-12, 10587 Berlin (Germany)] [Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Abbestr. 2-12, 10587 Berlin (Germany)

2013-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

255

Strong permanent magnets provide a backbone technology required many products, including computers, electric cars, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Strong permanent magnets provide a backbone technology required many products, including computers, electric cars, and wind-powered generators. Currently, the strongest permanent magnets contain rare earth for most technologies requiring permanent magnets, due to their high energy product and coercivity. However

McQuade, D. Tyler

256

Sacred Cars? Cost-Effective Regulation of Stationary and Non-stationary Pollution Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sacred Cars? Cost-Effective Regulation of Stationary and Non-stationary Pollution Sources Meredith reasons, environmental regulations sometimes treat point source polluters, such as power plants, differently from mobile source polluters, such as vehicles. This paper measures the extent of this regulatory

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

257

Automotive is the domain of `self propelled, motorised vehicles'. Hence, although the car is dominant, the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automotive is the domain of `self propelled, motorised vehicles'. Hence, although the car is dominant, the scope is much wider. And because Automotive Design is always considered in its mobility context, it widens even further. The automotive industry is one of the most complex ones, in terms

258

A Clustering-Assisted Regression (CAR) approach for developing spatial climate data sets in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Clustering-Assisted Regression (CAR) approach for developing spatial climate data sets in China t There is an increasing demand for improving spatial resolution of climate data. However, an increase in resolution does spatial data of monthly mean temperature and monthly precipitation at a national scale in mainland China

Pittendrigh, Barry

259

CRC fuel rating program: road octane performance of oxygenates in 1982 model cars  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Because of the widespread interest in the use of alcohols and ethers as gasoline blending components, this program was conducted to evaluate the effects of several oxygenates on gasoline octane performance and to evaluate the effects of car design features such as engine and transmission type. Five oxygenates were evaluated at two nominal concentrations, 5 and 10 volume%, at both regular- and premium-grade octane levels: methanol (MeOH), ethanol (ETOH), isopropanol (IPA), tertiary butanol (TBA), and methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE). A blend of 5% MeOH and 5 percent TBA was also tested at both octane levels. Twenty-eight unleaded fuels, including four hydrocarbon fuels, two hydrocarbon fuels plus toluene, and twenty-two oxygenated fuels, were rated in duplicate in thirty-eight cars using the Modified Uniontown Technique (CRC Designation F-28-75 described in Appendix C), plus some additional instructions. All testing was done on chassis dynamometers. Ratings were obtained at full throttle with all thirty-eight cars, and at the most critical part-throttle condition (occurring with manifold vacuum of 4 in. Hg (13.5 kPa) or greater above the full-throttle vacuum) with nine cars.

Not Available

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Project Information Form Project Title Eco-Driving to Reduce Emissions Cars (Behavioral Focus)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Source(s) and Amounts Provided (by each agency or organization) USDOT $34,618.33 Total Project Cost $34Project Information Form Project Title Eco-Driving to Reduce Emissions ­ Cars (Behavioral Focus Description of Research Project The purpose of this review is to provide energy and environment policy makers

California at Davis, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed car bon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

LIVE CARS FOR USE IN CATFISH INDUSTRY Donald C. ,r nland, Rob rt L. ..rill,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to deep water, or set adjacent to a well head for holding fish. Haul trucks can be scheduled more easily to loading sit s or shift d to saf areas for holding. When us ·d along Ith a haul Sf ine, pulling accurately because fish in properly staked live cars do not escape and can be harvested before truck arrives

262

Capstone Senior Design 2012-13 EcoCAR2: Mechanical (1) Thomas Bradley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CAR2: Energy Storage (5) Thomas Bradley ·Formula SAE (6) Jack Clark/ Mitchell Stansloski ·Human Powered:Contin.Flow Ultrasonic Microalgae Harvesting Sys. (24)Anthony Marchese ·HydroTechnologies: Remote Operated Vehicle (25, construct, test, and install a vehicle control system · Optimize energy management strategy while

263

Sacred Cars? Cost-Effective Regulation of Stationary and Non-stationary Pollution Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

asymmetry in the case of nitrogen oxides (NOx), the most recalcitrant criteria air pollutant in the UnitedSacred Cars? Cost-Effective Regulation of Stationary and Non-stationary Pollution Sources Meredith, differently from mobile-source polluters, such as vehicles. This paper measures the extent of this regulatory

Fowlie, Meredith

264

Department of Mechanical Engineering Fall 2010 Shell Eco-Marathon Car Design Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gallon of gasoline. · Using renewable sources of electrical energy such as solar, wind, and water would strongly considered in the vehicle design. · Various patents on energy dense batteries at the budget of $1,010.00. · The car would be able to drive from New York City to Los Angeles using less than 1

Demirel, Melik C.

265

Design Technical Brief A Geometric Path Planner for Car-like  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Journal of Mechanical Design Technical Brief A Geometric Path Planner for Car-like Robots Shiang a refined slabbing method, originally used for free-flying robots, for finding efficient paths for nonholo- nomic robots. Our method takes kinematic constraints and rever- sal maneuvers into account. We create

Deng, Jiansong

266

NONLINEAR TRACKING CONTROL OF A CAR-LIKE MOBILE ROBOT VIA DYNAMIC FEEDBACK LINEARIZATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NONLINEAR TRACKING CONTROL OF A CAR-LIKE MOBILE ROBOT VIA DYNAMIC FEEDBACK LINEARIZATION Erfu Yang Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8552, Japan Keywords: Nonlinear tracking control, Mobile robot behaviour for mobile robots. This paper addresses the nonlinear trajectory tracking control problem

Hu, Huosheng

267

THE JOURNAL OF WORLD TRANSPORT POLICY & PRACTICE 10. CarLink -A smart carsharing system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shaheen, CarLink Project Manager Editor's Note: The author of this piece is today intensely involved, here she is as entrepreneur and managerbehind an ambitious carsharing project. This is a report on the first months of their experience and goals for the future. Introduction Carsharing organizations, which

Kammen, Daniel M.

268

a space for you to enjoy Direction and location of car park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a space for you to enjoy Direction and location of car park: Jeskyns Community Woodland, Henhurst. Wildlife Protect and respect our wildlife, plants and trees. riders #12;Jeskyns, a space to play, relax, exercise, watch, learn, dream, explore, enjoy. A special space from the past, for the present

269

Homing a Teleoperated Car using Monocular SLAM Nuno Ribeiro, Ricardo Ferreira, Jos Gaspar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

possible the communication between the user's pc, the Axis camera and the Arduino; and (iii) Design- ing and Software Setup A car is assembled based in a network (IP) camera, one Arduino Uno, one Motor Shield and two with the objective of processing user's instructions and sends the corresponding signals to the Arduino board. Once

Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

270

Sound-insulation layer modelling in car computational vibroacoustics in the medium-frequency range  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sound-insulation layer modelling in car computational vibroacoustics in the medium-frequency range In a previous article, a simplified low- and medium-frequency model for un- certain automotive sound-insulation. In this paper, the insulation simplified model is implemented in an in- dustrial stochastic vibroacoustic model

Boyer, Edmond

271

Reducible representations of CAR and CCR with possible applications to field quantization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reducible representations of CAR and CCR are applied to second quantization of Dirac and Maxwell fields. The resulting field operators are indeed operators and not operator-valued distributions. Examples show that the formalism may lead to a finite quantum field theory.

Marek Czachor

2003-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

272

Toward a Low-CarMunicipal Financing for Energy Efficiency and Solar Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Toward a Low-CarMunicipal Financing for Energy Efficiency and Solar Power By Merrian C. Fuller of the Inter- governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Thus far much of the effort has been focused, such as improving energy efficiency and add- ing solar photovoltaics (PV) and solar thermal systems to buildings

Kammen, Daniel M.

273

CARS, GAS, AND POLLUTION POLICIES Distributional and Efficiency Impacts of Gasoline Taxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CARS, GAS, AND POLLUTION POLICIES Distributional and Efficiency Impacts of Gasoline Taxes, reduc- ing automobile-related gasoline consumption has become a major U.S. public policy issue. Recently, many analysts have called for new or more stringent policies to discourage gasoline consumption

Boyer, Edmond

274

Potential for meeting the EU new passenger car CO? emissions targets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In 2009, the European Parliament agreed to limit the CO2 emissions from new passenger cars sold in the European Union to an average of 130g/km by 2015. Further, a probable longer-term CO2 emissions target of 95g/km is ...

Bhatt, Kandarp

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Vibrotactile Feedback in Steering Wheel Reduces Navigation Errors during GPS-Guided Car Driving  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vibration motors are mounted onto the steering wheel of a driving simulator and driving experiments-based car navigation system to improve the navigation performance of a driver. In [5], vibration motors were auditory noise and distraction exist in the environment, the navigation errors (making a wrong turn

Basdogan, Cagatay

276

Two Billion Cars: What it Means for Climate and Energy Policy  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

April 13, 2009: Daniel Sperling, director of the Institute of Transportation Studies at UC Davis, presents the next installment of Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Divisions Distinguished Lecture series. He discusses Two Billion Cars and What it Means for Climate and Energy Policy.

Daniel Sperling

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

277

| Link to Us | or Ads by Google Biomedical Nano Sensor Review Nano Nano Market Car Nano  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

| Link to Us | or Ads by Google Biomedical Nano Sensor Review Nano Nano Market Car Nano Printer are important for energy techno accurate sensors for hydrogen. These structures were developed from a concept Glass From Sugar (but Hold the Sand) Posted: Apr 3rd, 2007 Atomistic model helps students visualize

Rogers, John A.

278

Simulative Evaluation of a UMTS-based Car-to-Infrastructure Traffic Information System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to that of direct radio links. A key question asked about an infrastructure-based C2I communication systemSimulative Evaluation of a UMTS-based Car-to-Infrastructure Traffic Information System (Invited are heavily dependent on high market penetration or infrastructure support. Third-generation (3G) networks

Breu, Ruth

279

User-centered Development of a Visual Exploration System for In-Car Communication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Benjamin Kunze, Wolfgang Hintermaier, and Andreas Butz BMW Group Research and Technology, Munich, Germany Media Informatics Group, University of Munich, Germany {michael.sedlmair,benjamin.kunze,wolfgang.hintermaier}@bmw, industrial environment for the diagnosis of in-car communication. The fact that this is a true expert domain

280

Natural and Intuitive Multimodal Dialogue for In-Car Applications: The SAMMIE System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a simulated environment yielded positive results, and the improved final version will be integrated in a BMW in the TALK project5 in cooperation between DFKI/USAAR/BOSCH/BMW, to show nat- ural, intuitive mixed-car showcase developed in cooperation between DFKI/USAAR/BOSCH/BMW. The design of the SAMMIE system is based

Pinkal, Manfred

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed car bon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

In-car Interaction using Search-Based User Interfaces Stefan Graf1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Schmidt2 , Anneke Winter1 and Gerhard Rigoll3 1 BMW Group Research and Technology, Hanauer Str. 46, D-80788 München, {stefan.graf, wolfgang.spiessl}@bmw.de 2 Universität Duisburg-Essen Pervasive Computing, with personal data into the car environment. Access to personal contacts, address, and entertainment has become

282

Policy Flash 2015-02 INCREMENTALLY FUNDING FIXED-PRICE ACTIONS...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

02 INCREMENTALLY FUNDING FIXED-PRICE ACTIONS Policy Flash 2015-02 INCREMENTALLY FUNDING FIXED-PRICE ACTIONS Questions concerning this policy flash should be directed to Michael...

283

Unique Thylakoid Membrane Architecture of aUnicellular N2-Fixing...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Unique Thylakoid Membrane Architecture of aUnicellular N2-Fixing Cyanobacterium Revealedby Electron Tomography. Unique Thylakoid Membrane Architecture of aUnicellular N2-Fixing...

284

Fixed-Node Diffusion Monte Carlo of Lithium Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study lithium systems over a range of number of atoms, e.g., atomic anion, dimer, metallic cluster, and body-centered cubic crystal by the diffusion Monte Carlo method. The calculations include both core and valence electrons in order to avoid any possible impact by pseudo potentials. The focus of the study is the fixed-node errors, and for that purpose we test several orbital sets in order to provide the most accurate nodal hyper surfaces. We compare our results to other high accuracy calculations wherever available and to experimental results so as to quantify the the fixed-node errors. The results for these Li systems show that fixed-node quantum Monte Carlo achieves remarkably high accuracy total energies and recovers 97-99 % of the correlation energy.

Rasch, Kevin

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Time-course comparison of xenobiotic activators of CAR and PPAR{alpha} in mouse liver  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) and peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR){alpha} are transcription factors known to be primary mediators of liver effects, including carcinogenesis, by phenobarbital-like compounds and peroxisome proliferators, respectively, in rodents. Many similarities exist in the phenotypes elicited by these two classes of agents in rodent liver, and we hypothesized that the initial transcriptional responses to the xenobiotic activators of CAR and PPAR{alpha} will exhibit distinct patterns, but at later time-points these biological pathways will converge. In order to capture the global transcriptional changes that result from activation of these nuclear receptors over a time-course in the mouse liver, microarray technology was used. First, differences in basal expression of liver genes between C57Bl/6J wild-type and Car-null mice were examined and 14 significantly differentially expressed genes were identified. Next, mice were treated with phenobarbital (100 mg/kg by gavage for 24 h, or 0.085% w/w diet for 7 or 28 days), and liver gene expression changes with regards to both time and treatment were identified. While several pathways related to cellular proliferation and metabolism were affected by phenobarbital in wild-type mice, no significant changes in gene expression were found over time in the Car-nulls. Next, we determined commonalities and differences in the temporal response to phenobarbital and WY-14,643, a prototypical activator of PPAR {alpha}. Gene expression signatures from livers of wild-type mice C57Bl6/J mice treated with PB or WY-14,643 were compared. Similar pathways were affected by both compounds; however, considerable time-related differences were present. This study establishes common gene expression fingerprints of exposure to activators of CAR and PPAR{alpha} in rodent liver and demonstrates that despite similar phenotypic changes, molecular pathways differ between classes of chemical carcinogens.

Ross, Pamela K. [Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Woods, Courtney G. [Hamner Institutes for Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); ExxonMobil Biomedical Sciences, Annandale, NJ (United States); Bradford, Blair U.; Kosyk, Oksana; Gatti, Daniel M. [Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Cunningham, Michael L. [National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Rusyn, Ivan [Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States)], E-mail: iir@unc.edu

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

An Epi-Detected Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (E-CARS) Microscope with High Spectral Resolution and High Sensitivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LETTERS An Epi-Detected Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (E-CARS) Microscope with High-detected coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (E-CARS) microscope that uses two synchronized picosecond pulse (CARS) microscopy provides a unique approach to imaging chemical and biological samples by using

Xie, Xiaoliang Sunney

287

Conjugate Directions in Lattice Landau and Coulomb Gauge Fixing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We provide details expanding on our implementation of a non-linear conjugate gradient method with Fourier acceleration for lattice Landau and Coulomb gauge fixing. We find clear improvement over the Fourier accelerated steepest descent method, with the average time taken for the algorithm to converge to a fixed, high accuracy, being reduced by a factor of 2 to 4. We show such improvement for the logarithmic definition of the gauge fields here, having already shown this to be the case for a more common definition. We also discuss the implementation of an optimal Fourier accelerated steepest descent method.

R. J. Hudspith

2014-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

288

Measurement of thermodynamic temperature of high temperature fixed points  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper is devoted to VNIIOFI's measurements of thermodynamic temperature of the high temperature fixed points Co-C, Pt-C and Re-C within the scope of the international project coordinated by the Consultative Committee for Thermometry working group 5 'Radiation Thermometry'. The melting temperatures of the fixed points were measured by a radiance mode radiation thermometer calibrated against a filter radiometer with known irradiance spectral responsivity via a high temperature black body. This paper describes the facility used for the measurements, the results and estimated uncertainties.

Gavrilov, V. R.; Khlevnoy, B. B.; Otryaskin, D. A.; Grigorieva, I. A.; Samoylov, M. L.; Sapritsky, V. I. [All-Russian Research Institute for Optical and Physical Measurements (VNIIOFI), 46 Ozernaya St., Moscow 119361 (Russian Federation)] [All-Russian Research Institute for Optical and Physical Measurements (VNIIOFI), 46 Ozernaya St., Moscow 119361 (Russian Federation)

2013-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

289

Type-Based Termination, Inflationary Fixed-Points, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Type-Based Termination, Inflationary Fixed-Points, and Mixed Inductive-Coinductive Types Andreas Science (FICS 2012) ETAPS 2012, Tallinn, Estonia 24 March 2012 Andreas Abel (LMU) Type-Based Termination AIM XV 1 / 1 #12;Introduction Aspects of Termination What the talk is about: foundational approach

Abel, Andreas

290

obligations. When these products are obtained at fixed prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

al. have failed to properly analyze these fixed- price full-requirements load- following products and Andrew Lemon, Power Procurement: What's in Your Mix?, PUB. UTIL. FORTNIGHTLY, Nov. 2006, at 50. 4. Load-following of generation assets in New England has become less concentrated following the use of load-following products

Gross, George

291

Experimental Cooperative Control of Fixed-Wing Unmanned Aerial Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental Cooperative Control of Fixed-Wing Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Selcuk Bayraktar, Georgios architecture (Cloud cap technologies) Hybrid Modeling (of the Piccolo autopilot) Experiments Autonomous Flight - 20min #12;UAVs @ Penn Servos controlling the payload LaptopPC Dell X200 3.5HP fuel engine Deployable

Fainekos, Georgios E.

292

Sailplane glide performance and control using fixed and articulating winglets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

performance was increased at low Reynolds numbers. The effects on the lift and drag, yawing moment, pitching moment, and wing root bending moment of the model are presented. Oil flows were used on the wing model with the fixed geometry winglet...

Colling, James David

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

293

WORKING PAPER N 2013 24 Regional Policy Evaluation: Interactive Fixed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

s. Keywords: Policy evaluation, Linear factor models, Synthetic controls, Economic geographyWORKING PAPER N° 2013 ­ 24 Regional Policy Evaluation: Interactive Fixed Effects and Synthetic Controls Laurent Gobillon Thierry Magnac JEL Codes: C21, C23, H53, J64, R11 Keywords: Policy evaluation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

294

Mercury/Waterfilling for Fixed Wireless OFDM Angel Lozano  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mercury/Waterfilling for Fixed Wireless OFDM Systems Angel Lozano Bell Labs (Lucent Technologies- mation is then given by the more general mercury/waterfilling policy. This paper illustrates the usance of mercury/waterfilling on frequency-selective OFDM channels with QAM constellations and it quantifies

VerdĂş, Sergio

295

Coherence Progress: A Measure of Interestingness Based on Fixed Compressors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

has been investigated in various ways in the literature, ranging from early work by Wundt [9] (seeCoherence Progress: A Measure of Interestingness Based on Fixed Compressors Tom Schaul, Leo Pape in observations to store them in a compact form, called a compressor. The search for interesting patterns can

Schmidhuber, Juergen

296

14.6 CLOSE-OUT OF FIXED PRICE CONTRACTS Auditors recently have identified three problems with our practices regarding close-out of fixed-price  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

14.6 CLOSE-OUT OF FIXED PRICE CONTRACTS Auditors recently have identified three problems with our practices regarding close-out of fixed-price contracts when 10% or more of the budget remains in the account Principal Investigators to ensure that no more than 5% of the budget remains in a fixed-price contract

297

Blasting Rocks and Blasting Cars: Applied Engineering (LBNL Summer Lecture Series)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Summer Lecture Series 2004: Deb Hopkins works with industries like automobile, mining and paper to improve their evaluation and measuring techniques. For several years, she has coordinated a program at Berkeley Lab funded under the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles, a collaboration between the federal government and the U.S. Council for Automotive Research. Nondestructive evaluation techniques to test a car's structural integrity are being developed for auto assembly lines.

Hopkins, Deb

2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

298

The CHANDRA HETGS X-ray Grating Spectrum of Eta Car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eta Car may be the most massive and luminous star in the Galaxy and is suspected to be a massive, colliding wind binary system. The CHANDRA X-ray observatory has obtained a calibrated, high-resolution X-ray spectrum of the star uncontaminated by the nearby extended soft X-ray emisssion. Our 89 ksec CHANDRA observation with the High Energy Transmission Grating Spectrometer (HETGS) shows that the hot gas near the star is non-isothermal. The temperature distribution may represent the emission on either side of the colliding wind bow shock, effectively ``resolving'' the shock. If so, the pre-shock wind velocities are ~ 700 and ~ 1800 km/s in our analysis, and these velocities may be interpreted as the terminal velocities of the winds from Eta Car and from the hidden companion star. The forbidden-to-intercombination (f/i) line ratios for the He-like ions of S, Si and Fe are large, indicating that the line forming region lies far from the stellar photosphere. The iron fluorescent line at 1.93 Angstrom, first detected by ASCA, is clearly resolved from the thermal iron line in the CHANDRA grating spectrum. The Fe fluorescent line is weaker in our CHANDRA observation than in any of the ASCA spectra. The CHANDRA observation also provides an uninterrupted high-time resolution lightcurve of the stellar X-ray emission from Eta Car and suggests that there was no significant, coherent variability during the CHANDRA observation. The Eta Car CHANDRA grating spectrum is unlike recently published X-ray grating spectra of single massive stars in significant ways and is generally consistent with colliding wind emission in a massive binary.

M. F. Corcoran; J. H. Swank; R. Petre; K. Ishibashi; K. Davidson; L. Townsley; R. Smith; S. White; R. Viotti; A. Damineli

2001-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

299

FINDING {eta} CAR ANALOGS IN NEARBY GALAXIES USING SPITZER. I. CANDIDATE SELECTION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The late-stage evolution of the most massive stars such as {eta} Carinae is controlled by the effects of mass loss, which may be dominated by poorly understood eruptive mass ejections. Understanding this population is challenging because no true analogs of {eta} Car have been clearly identified in the Milky Way or other galaxies. We utilize Spitzer IRAC images of seven nearby ({approx}< 4 Mpc) galaxies to search for such analogs. We find 34 candidates with a flat or rising mid-IR spectral energy distributions toward longer mid-infrared wavelengths that emit >10{sup 5} L{sub Sun} in the IRAC bands (3.6 to 8.0 {mu}m) and are not known to be background sources. Based on our estimates for the expected number of background sources, we expect that follow-up observations will show that most of these candidates are not dust enshrouded massive stars, with an expectation of only 6 {+-} 6 surviving candidates. Since we would detect true analogs of {eta} Car for roughly 200 years post-eruption, this implies that the rate of eruptions like {eta} Car is less than the core-collapse supernova rate. It is possible, however, that every M > 40 M{sub Sun} star undergoes such eruptions given our initial results. In Paper II we will characterize the candidates through further analysis and follow-up observations, and there is no barrier to increasing the galaxy sample by an order of magnitude. The primary limitation of the present search is that Spitzer's resolution limits us to the shorter wavelength IRAC bands. With the James Webb Space Telescope, such surveys can be carried out at the far more optimal wavelengths of 10-30 {mu}m, allowing identification of {eta} Car analogs for millennia rather than centuries post-eruption.

Khan, Rubab; Stanek, K. Z.; Kochanek, C. S., E-mail: khan@astronomy.ohio-state.edu, E-mail: kstanek@astronomy.ohio-state.edu, E-mail: ckochanek@astronomy.ohio-state.edu [Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, 140 W. 18th Ave., Columbus, OH 43210 (United States)

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

300

Chaotic Vibration of a Quarter-Car Model Excited by the Road Surface Profile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Melnikov criterion is used to examine a global homoclinic bifurcation and transition to chaos in the case of a quarter car model excited kinematically by the road surface profile. By analyzing the potential an analytic expression is found for the homoclinic orbit. By introducing an harmonic excitation term and damping as perturbations, the critical Melnikov amplitude of the road surface profile is found, above which the system can vibrate chaotically.

Grzegorz Litak; Marek Borowiec; Michael I. Friswell; Kazimierz Szabelski

2006-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed car bon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The rotation speed of the companion star in V395 Car (=2S0921--630)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have obtained high resolution optical spectroscopy of the accretion disc corona source 2S0921--630 (=V395 Car) that constrains the spectral type of the companion star to be most probably K0III. At 6500A the secondary star is found to contribute ~25% to the observed flux. The absorption line spectrum of the K0III companion star is broadened (compared to template stars) by a projected rotational velocity of 65+/-9 km/s (1 sigma).

T. Shahbaz; E. Kuulkers; P. A. Charles; F. van der Hooft; J. Casares; J. van Paradijs

1998-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

302

A forgotten episode of the $?~Car$ light curve in 1860-1865  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have found previously unreported observations of the galactic Luminous Blue Variable $\\eta ~Car$ covering the period 1860-1865. Contrary to the current belief, these data suggest that the star reached the first magnitude in 1860-1862, with possible large luminosity fluctuations, followed by a steep fading in 1865. A revised historical light curve of this most interesting object is given. Paper in press in Astronomy and Astrophysics.

V. F. Polcaro; R. Viotti

1993-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

303

Car Make and Model Recognition using 3D Curve Alignment Krishnan Ramnath, Sudipta N. Sinha, Richard Szeliski  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Steps in constructing our 3D car model for a 2011 Honda Civic Sedan: (top) three of the images used to generate the visual hull; (middle) the visual hull; (bottom) 3D space curves projected onto the visual hull

Gupta, Abhinav

304

A car-borne highly sensitive near-IR diode-laser methane detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A highly sensitive automated car-borne detector for measuring methane concentration in real time is designed, developed and tested under laboratory and field conditions. Measurements were made with the help of an uncooled tunable near-IR 1.65-{mu}m laser diode. The detector consists of a multipass optical cell with a 45-m long optical path and a base length of 0.5 m. The car-borne detector is intended for monitoring the methane concentration in air from the moving car to reveal the leakage of domestic gas. The sensitivity limit (standard deviation) under field conditions is 1 ppm (20 ppb under laboratory conditions) for a measuring time of 0.4 s. The measuring technique based on the detection of a single methane line ensured a high selectivity of methane detector relative to other gases. The methane detector can be easily modified for measuring other simple-molecule gases (e.g., CO, CO{sub 2}, HF, NO{sub 2}, H{sub 2}O) by replacing the diode laser and varying the parameters of the control program. (special issue devoted to the memory of academician a m prokhorov)

Berezin, A G; Ershov, Oleg V; Shapovalov, Yu P [Natural Science Center, A.M. Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2003-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

305

DISCOVERY OF FAST, LARGE-AMPLITUDE OPTICAL VARIABILITY OF V648 Car (=SS73-17)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the discovery of large-amplitude flickering from V648 Car (= SS73-17), a poorly studied object listed among the very few hard X-ray-emitting symbiotic stars. We performed millimagnitude precision optical photometry with the Swope Telescope at the Las Campanas Observatory, Chile, and found that V648 Car shows large U-band variability over timescales of minutes. To our knowledge, it exhibits some of the largest flickering of a symbiotic star ever reported. Our finding supports the hypothesis that symbiotic white dwarfs producing hard X-rays are predominantly powered by accretion, rather than quasi-steady nuclear burning, and have masses close to the Chandrasekhar limit. No significant periodicity is evident from the flickering light curve. The All Sky Automated Survey long-term V light curve suggests the presence of a tidally distorted giant accreting via Roche lobe overflow, and a binary period of {approx}520 days. On the basis of the outstanding physical properties of V648 Car as hinted at by its fast and long-term optical variability, as well as by its nature as a hard X-ray emitter, we therefore call for simultaneous follow-up observations in different bands, ideally combined with time-resolved optical spectroscopy.

Angeloni, R. [Departamento de Astronomia y Astrofisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Vicuna Mackenna 4860, 7820436 Macul, Santiago (Chile); Di Mille, F. [Sydney Institute for Astronomy, The University of Sydney, 44-70 Rosehill Street, Redfern, NSW 2016 (Australia); Ferreira Lopes, C. E. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica e Experimental, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Campus Universitario, Lagoa Nova, CEP 59078-970 Natal/RN (Brazil); Masetti, N., E-mail: rangelon@astro.puc.cl, E-mail: fdimille@aao.gov.au, E-mail: carlos_eduardo@dfte.ufrn.br, E-mail: masetti@iasfbo.inaf.it [INAF-Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica di Bologna, via Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna (Italy)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

V474 Car: A RARE HALO RS CVn BINARY IN RETROGRADE GALACTIC ORBIT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the discovery that the star V474 Car is an extremely active, high velocity halo RS CVn system. The star was originally identified as a possible pre-main-sequence star in Carina, given its enhanced stellar activity, rapid rotation (10.3 days), enhanced Li, and absolute magnitude which places it above the main sequence (MS). However, its extreme radial velocity (264 km s{sup -1}) suggested that this system was unlike any previously known pre-MS system. Our detailed spectroscopic analysis of echelle spectra taken with the CTIO 4 m finds that V474 Car is both a spectroscopic binary with an orbital period similar to the photometric rotation period and metal-poor ([Fe/H] {approx_equal}-0.99). The star's Galactic orbit is extremely eccentric (e {approx_equal} 0.93) with a perigalacticon of only {approx}0.3 kpc of the Galactic center-and the eccentricity and smallness of its perigalacticon are surpassed by only {approx}0.05% of local F/G-type field stars. The observed characteristics are consistent with V474 Car being a high-velocity, metal-poor, tidally locked, chromospherically active binary, i.e., a halo RS CVn binary, and one of only a few such specimens known.

Bubar, Eric J.; Mamajek, Eric E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627-0171 (United States); Jensen, Eric L. N. [Swarthmore College, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 500 College Avenue, Swarthmore, PA 19081 (United States); Walter, Frederick M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3800 (United States)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

307

Fixed points, stable manifolds, weather regimes, and their predictability  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

In a simple, one-layer atmospheric model, we study the links between low-frequency variability and the model’s fixed points in phase space. The model dynamics is characterized by the coexistence of multiple “weather regimes.” To investigate the transitions from one regime to another, we focus on the identification of stable manifolds associated with fixed points. We show that these manifolds act as separatrices between regimes. We track each manifold by making use of two local predictability measures arising from the meteorological applications of nonlinear dynamics, namely, “bred vectors” and singular vectors. These results are then verified in the framework of ensemble forecasts issued from “clouds” (ensembles) of initial states. The divergence of the trajectories allows us to establish the connections between zones of low predictability, the geometry of the stable manifolds, and transitions between regimes.

Deremble, Bruno; D'Andrea, Fabio; Ghil, Michael [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United Staes). Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences and Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics

2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

308

Modeling for Anaerobic Fixed-Bed Biofilm Reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The specific objectives of this research were: 1. to develop an equilibrium model for chemical aspects of anaerobic reactors; 2. to modify the equilibrium model for non-equilibrium conditions; 3. to incorporate the existing biofilm models into the models above to study the biological and chemical behavior of the fixed-film anaerobic reactors; 4. to experimentally verify the validity of these models; 5. to investigate the biomass-holding ability of difference packing materials for establishing reactor design criteria.

Liu, B. Y. M.; Pfeffer, J. T.

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Surface tension in bilayer membranes with fixed projected area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the elastic response of bilayer membranes with fixed projected area to both stretching and shape deformations. A surface tension is associated to each of these deformations. By using model amphiphilic membranes and computer simulations, we are able to observe both the types of deformation, and thus, both the surface tensions, related to each type of deformation, are measured for the same system. These surface tensions are found to assume different values in the same bilayer membrane: in particular they vanish for different values of the projected area. We introduce a simple theory which relates the two quantities and successfully apply it to the data obtained with computer simulations.

Alberto Imparato

2006-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

310

Hadron Production at Fixed Target Energies and Extensive Air Showers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NA61/SHINE is a fixed-target experiment to study hadron production in hadron-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus collisions at the CERN SPS. Due to the very good acceptance and particle identification in forward direction, NA61/SHINE is well suited for measuring particle production to improve the reliability of air shower simulations. Data with proton and pion beams have been taken in 2007 and 2009. First analysis results for the pion yield in proton-carbon interactions at 31 GeV will be shown and compared to predictions from models used in air shower simulations.

M. Unger; for the NA61/SHINE Collaboration

2010-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

311

Remarks on a fixed point theorem of Caristi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1977) David Lee Egle, B . S . , Pan American University Chairman of Advisory Committee: L. F. Guseman, Jr. Let (X, d) be a complete metric space and f a selfmap of X. It is shown that various known theorems on the existence of fixed and periodic..., &) is a partially ordered set. Let x c X. Define a set M by A = lA : A C X, x c A, and A is totally ordered&. Order M by set inclusion; that is, A Q B iff A C B. Let ( g, 6 ) be a chain in Af, and let B= UA Ac (g, g) Clearly, x c B and 8 L: X. Let a...

Egle, David Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

312

AAC R14-2 - Fixed Utilities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 SouthWater Rights,Information Of TheFixed Utilities Jump to: navigation,

313

Biodegradation of xenobiotics in a fixed bed reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The specific example of an at-source biological wastewater treatment has been elaborated and developed. A two-phase fixed-bed bioreactor system was tested for its efficiency using phenol as a test substance and then, the degradation of sodium anthraquinone-2-sulfonate (SAS) was studied and performed. The continuous aerobic degradation of phenol or SAS as the sole source of carbon was investigated. For SAS degradation with an immobilized mixed bacterial culture, industrial activated sludge was used as inoculum, while for phenol a domestic activated sludge from a municipal wastewater treatment plant and activated Actizym-sludge prepared with Actizym[sup [reg sign

Seignez, C.; Mottier, V.; Pulgarin, C.; Adler, N.; Peringer, P. (Swiss Federal Institute of Tech., Lausanne (Switzerland))

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Asteroseismological studies of three Beta Cephei stars: IL Vel, V433 Car and KZ Mus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have acquired between 127 and 150 h of time-resolved multicolour photometry for each of the three Beta Cephei stars IL Vel, V433 Car and KZ Mus over a time span of four months from two observatories. All three objects are multiperiodic with at least three modes of pulsation. Mode identification from the relative colour amplitudes is performed. We obtain unambiguous results for the two highest-amplitude modes of IL Vel (both are l=1) and the three strongest modes of KZ Mus (l=2,0 and 1), but none for V433 Car. Spectroscopy shows the latter star to be a fast rotator (v sin i = 240 km/s), whereas the other two have moderate v sin i (65 and 47 km/s, respectively). We performed model calculations with the Warsaw-New Jersey stellar evolution and pulsation code. We find that IL Vel is an object of about 12 Msun in the second half of its main sequence evolutionary track. Its two dipole modes are most likely rotationally split components of the mode originating as p1 on the ZAMS; one of these modes is m=0. V433 Car is suggested to be an unevolved 13 Msun star just entering the Beta Cephei instability strip. KZ Mus seems less massive (about 12.7 Msun) and somewhat more evolved, and its radial mode is probably the fundamental one. In this case its quadrupole mode would be the one originating as g1, and its dipole mode would be p1. It is suggested that mode identification of slowly rotating Beta Cephei stars based on photometric colour amplitudes is reliable; we estimate that a relative accuracy of 3% in the amplitudes is sufficient for unambiguous identifications. Due to the good agreement of our theoretical and observational results we conclude that the prospects for asteroseismology of multiperiodic slowly rotating Beta Cephei star are good.

G. Handler; R. R. Shobbrook; F. F. Vuthela; L. A. Balona; F. Rodler; T. Tshenye

2003-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

315

by car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From "South" to Purdue Union Club Hotel: Take I65-North, exit to St. Rd. 26-west;; drive a few miles on Rd. 26, across the Wabash river, go up the hill to Purdue ...

316

An Efficient and Accurate Car-Parrinello-like Approach to Born-Oppenheimer Molecular Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a new method which combines Car-Parrinello and Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics in order to accelerate density functional theory based ab-initio simulations. Depending on the system a gain in efficiency of one to two orders of magnitude has been observed, which allows ab-initio molecular dynamics of much larger time and length scales than previously thought feasible. It will be demonstrated that the dynamics is correctly reproduced and that high accuracy can be maintained throughout for systems ranging from insulators to semiconductors and even to metals in condensed phases. This development considerably extends the scope of ab-initio simulations.

Thomas D. Kühne; Matthias Krack; Fawzi R. Mohamed; Michele Parrinello

2006-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

317

Reduction of idle knock by EGR in a passenger car diesel engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to reduce the diesel idle knock, the effects of EGR on the idling characteristics were investigated on a passenger car equipped with an EGR Idle Knock Reduction System developed for practical use. It was found that EGR was effective not only for reducing idle knock but also for decreasing fuel consumption, smoke density, exhaust emissions and engine vibration. Moreover, the practical range and possibility of the EGR Idle Knock Reduction System were found by clarifying the relationship between EGR, injection timing, cooling water temperature, noise level and fuel consumption.

Fukutani, I.; Watanabe, E.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Nuclear Car Wash sensitivity in varying thicknesses of wood and steel cargo  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The influence of incident neutron attenuation on signal strengths in the Nuclear Car Wash has been observed experimentally for both wood and steel-pipe mock cargos. Measured decay curves are presented for {beta}-delayed high-energy {gamma}-rays and thermalized neutrons following neutron-induced fission of HEU through varying irradiation lengths. Error rates are extracted for delayed-{gamma} and delayed-n signals integrated to 30 seconds, assuming Gaussian distributions for the active background. The extrapolation to a field system of 1 mA deuterium current and to a 5 kg sample size is discussed.

Church, J; Slaughter, D; Asztalos, S; Biltoft, P; Descalle, M; Hall, J; Manatt, D; Mauger, J; Norman, E; Petersen, D; Prussin, S

2006-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

319

Dust Formation Events in Colliding Winds: an application to eta Car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent IR observations indicate that many massive binary systems present dust formation episodes, in regions close to the stars, during the periastron passage. These systems are known to be high-energy sources, and it is believed that wind collisions are the origin of the emission. In this work we show that wind collisions not only increase the X-ray emission but also allow dust formation. As an application we study eta Car, which presents, near periastron, an increase in the X-ray emission followed by a sudden decrease that lasts for about a month. We reproduce this feature calculating the optical depth due to dust formation along the orbital period.

D. Falceta-Goncalves; V. Jatenco-Pereira; Z. Abraham

2002-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

320

EcoCAR 2: Meet the Teams Part II | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTanklessDOJ TitleDr. Steven Chu AboutAboutDepartment ofYear 1EcoCAR

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed car bon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

EcoCAR 2: Racing Towards Vehicle Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTanklessDOJ TitleDr. Steven Chu AboutAboutDepartment ofYear 1EcoCAR:

322

Fact #827: June 30, 2014 Share of Import Cars Declines to less than 30% of  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstructionofFYOxide Emission Standards, Model YearsCar Sales

323

EcoCAR 3: Collegiate Teams to Pump up Fuel Efficiency of Iconic American  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana.Program - LibbyofThisStatement Tuesday, SeptemberofEbony MeeksMuscle Car |

324

EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana.Program - LibbyofThisStatement Tuesday, SeptemberofEbony MeeksMuscle Car

325

Students Earn Street Cred With the EcoCAR Challenge | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomenthe House Committee on EnergyEnergy Secretary Chu and former Governor ofEcoCAR

326

EcoCAR2 Teams Start their Virtual Engines | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPC ENABLE: ECM Summary ECM Included NotFederal4EckMuscleEcoCAR2

327

Utilisation de theor`emes de point fixe. Par Nicolas Lanchier 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Utilisation de th´eor`emes de point fixe. Par Nicolas Lanchier 1 1 Th´eor`emes de point fixe. D´efinition 1.1 -- On appelle point fixe de f : X - X tout ´el´ement X tel que f() = . Th´eor`eme 1.2 (point point fixe. [4], Sect. 1.2 Th´eor`eme 1.3 -- Soient X un espace complet et f : X - X une application. S

Lanchier, Nicolas

328

A Lesson Learned on Determination of Radionuclides on Metal Surface Fixed Contamination  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Measurement of fixed surface contamination required to determine classification as low-level or as transuranic waste.

MEZNARICH, H.K.

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Fact #852 December 22, 2014 Turbocharged Engines Account for 64.7% of all Four-Cylinder Gasoline Car Engines in 2014- Dataset  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Excel file with dataset for Fact #852 December 22, 2014 Turbocharged Engines Account for 64.7% of all Four-Cylinder Gasoline Car Engines in 2014

330

Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon- Dataset  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Excel file with dataset for Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon

331

Dust Scattering in Miras R Car and RR Sco resolved by optical interferometric polarimetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present optical interferometric polarimetry measurements of the Mira-like variables R Car and RR Sco, using the Sydney University Stellar Interferometer. By making visibility measurements in two perpendicular polarisations, the relatively low-surface brightness light scattered by atmospheric dust could be spatially separated from the bright Mira photospheric flux. This is the first reported successful use of long-baseline optical interferometric polarimetry. Observations were able to place constraints on the distribution of circumstellar material in R Car and RR Sco. The inner radius of dust formation for both stars was found to be less than 3 stellar radii: much closer than the expected innermost stable location for commonly-assumed astrophysical ``dirty silicate'' dust in these systems (silicate dust with a significant iron content). A model with the dust distributed over a shell which is geometrically thin compared to the stellar radius was preferred over an outflow. We propose dust components whose chemistry and opacity properties enable survival at these extreme inner radii.

M. J. Ireland; P. G. Tuthill; J. Davis; W. Tango

2005-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

332

Observations of the pulsation of the Cepheid l Car with the Sydney University Stellar Interferometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observations of the southern Cepheid l Car to yield the mean angular diameter and angular pulsation amplitude have been made with the Sydney University Stellar Interferometer (SUSI) at a wavelength of 696 nm. The resulting mean limb-darkened angular diameter is 2.990+-0.017 mas (i.e. +-0.6 per cent) with a maximum-to-minimum amplitude of 0.560+-0.018 mas corresponding to 18.7+-0.6 per cent in the mean stellar diameter. Careful attention has been paid to uncertainties, including those in measurements, in the adopted calibrator angular diameters, in the projected values of visibility squared at zero baseline, and to systematic effects. No evidence was found for a circumstellar envelope at 696 nm. The interferometric results have been combined with radial displacements of the stellar atmosphere derived from selected radial velocity data taken from the literature to determine the distance and mean diameter of l Car. The distance is determined to be 525+-26 pc and the mean radius 169+-8R{solar). Comparison with published values for the distance and mean radius show excellent agreement, particularly when a common scaling factor from observed radial velocity to pulsation velocity of the stellar atmosphere (the p-factor) is used.

J. Davis; A. P. Jacob; J. G. Robertson; M. J. Ireland; J. R. North; W. J. Tango; P. G. Tuthill

2008-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

333

Case Study No. 2: Bon Appétit Management Company  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

compa- ny’s and diners’ carbon footprint. Working with inde-diners can assess the carbon footprint of each item they put

Thistlethwaite, Rebecca; Brown, Martha

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Bon Homme Yankton El Assn, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo Feng Bio JumpVenturesCoral CapitalBoilers Jump to:Yankton

335

Bon Homme County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: Energy ResourcesJersey:formBlueBombay Beach, California: Energy Resources

336

Bons Ventos Geradora de Energia S A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORT Americium/CuriumSunways JV Jump to:BhorukaBonfiglioli Tansmital

337

Should mobile Internet services be an extension of the fixed Internet? Context-of-use, fixed-mobile reinforcement and personal innovativeness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reinforcement and personal innovativeness Mark de Reuver Faculty Technology, Policy and Management Delft Innovation & Interaction Utrecht, The Netherlands Harry Bouwman Faculty Technology, Policy and ManagementShould mobile Internet services be an extension of the fixed Internet? Context-of-use, fixed-mobile

Twente, Universiteit

338

Grate assembly for fixed-bed coal gasifier  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A grate assembly for a coal gasifier of a moving-bed or fixed-bed type is provided for crushing agglomerates of solid material such as clinkers, tailoring the radial distribution of reactant gases entering the gasification reaction zone, and control of the radial distribution of downwardly moving solid velocities in the gasification and combustion zone. The clinker crushing is provided by pinching clinkers between vertically oriented stationary bars and angled bars supported on the upper surface of a rotating conical grate. The distribution of the reactant gases is provided by the selective positioning of horizontally oriented passageways extending through the grate. The radial distribution of the solids is provided by mounting a vertically and generally radially extending scoop mechanism on the upper surface of the grate near the apex thereof.

Notestein, John E. (Morgantown, WV)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

For what number of cars must self organization occur in the Biham-Middleton-Levine traffic model from any possible starting configuration?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For any initial configuration of fewer than N/2 cars the BML model will self organize to attain speed one. On the other hand, there is a configuration of size m in which no car can move if and only if m is at least 2N.

Tim D. Austin; Itai Benjamini

2006-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

340

Use of a new microporous insulation in a sub car at Acme Steel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Acme Steel Co. is a small integrated steel company headquartered in Riverdale IL., with its blast furnace and coke plant operations located in the city of Chicago. Rail transportation between the two plants is by Conrail with two crews assigned exclusively to Acme. The torpedo cars used for this service are specially reinforced, with 36 in. wheels and additional braking capability for safety on public rail tracks. Over a seven month period, microporous insulating panels 0.28 in. thick in No. 49 sub ladle saved an average 24 degrees in the iron on arrival at the BOF compared to the average for the rest of the fleet. The microporous insulation replaced 0.25 in. of compressed fiber panel.

Harvey, H.; Gamble, F.C.; MacKenzie, I.B.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed car bon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Cluster Statistics and Quasisoliton Dynamics in Microscopic Car-following Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the optimal velocity (OV) model as an example, we show that in the non-linear regime there is an emergent quantity that gives the extremum headways in the cluster formation, as well as the coexistence curve separating the absolute stable phase from the metastable phase. This emergent quantity is independent of the density of the traffic lane, and determines an intrinsic scale that characterizes the dynamics of localized quasisoliton structures given by the time derivative of the headways. The intrinsic scale is analogous to the "charge" of quasisolitons that controls the strength of interaction between multiple clusters, leading to non-trivial cluster statistics from random perturbations to initial uniform traffic. The cluster statistics depend both on the charge and the density of the traffic lane; the relationship is qualitatively universal for general car-following models.

Bo Yang; Xihua Xu; John Z. F. Pang; Christopher Monterola

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

342

Semidirect product of CCR and CAR algebras and asymptotic states in quantum electrodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A C*-algebra containing the CCR and CAR algebras as its subalgebras and naturally described as the semidirect product of these algebras is discussed. A particular example of this structure is considered as a model for the algebra of asymptotic fields in quantum electrodynamics, in which Gauss' law is respected. The appearence in this algebra of a phase variable related to electromagnetic potential leads to the universal charge quantization. Translationally covariant representations of this algebra with energy-momentum spectrum in the future lightcone are investigated. It is shown that vacuum representations are necessarily nonregular with respect to total electromagnetic field. However, a class of translationally covariant, irreducible representations is constructed excplicitly, which remain as close as possible to the vacuum, but are regular at the same time. The spectrum of energy-momentum fills the whole future lightcone, but there are no vectors with energy-momentum lying on a mass hyperboloid or in the origin.

Andrzej Herdegen

1998-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

343

First XMM-Newton observations of a Cataclysmic Variable I: Timing studies of OY Car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present XMM-Newton observations of the eclipsing, disc accreting, cataclysmic variable OY Car which were obtained as part of the performance verification phase of the mission. The star was observed 4 days after an outburst and then again 5 weeks later when it was in a quiescent state. There is a quasi-stable modulation of the X-rays at ~2240 sec, which is most prominent at the lowest energies. We speculate that this may be related to the spin period of the white dwarf. The duration of the eclipse ingress and egress in X-rays is 20--30 sec. This indicates that the bulk of the X-ray emission originates from the boundary layer which has a negligible height above the surface of the white dwarf. The eclipse profile implies a white dwarf of mass M_{1}=0.9-1.1Msun and a secondary star of M_{2}=0.08-0.11Msun.

Gavin Ramsay; Tracey Poole; Keith Mason; France Cordova; William Priedhorsky; Alice Breeveld; Rudi Much; Julian Osborne; Dirk Pandel; Stephen Potter; Jennifer West; Peter Wheatley

2000-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

344

Highway Car Traffic as a Complex System: The Physicist's Point of View  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A simple cellular automaton model of highway car traffic flow will be presented. This system exhibits a second-order phase transition between the free-moving phase and the jammed phase. Using concepts borrowed from the theory of phase transitions in statistical physics, it can be shown that random braking is the symmetry-breaking field conjugate to the order parameter. For a given value of the speed limit, it is then possible to determine the values of the usual critical exponents using computer simulations. These numerical results can also be obtained within the framework of an approximate technique going beyond the mean-field approximation. It can be shown that the critical exponents satisfy a scaling relation, which can be derived assuming that the order parameter is a generalized homogeneous function in the vicinity of the phase transition point.

Boccara, Nino (University of Illinois at Chicago) [University of Illinois at Chicago

2005-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

345

OY Car During Normal Outburst: Balmer Emission From The Red Star And The Gas Stream  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present observations of OY Car, obtained with the Anglo-Australian Telescope, during a normal outburst in August 1991. Two sinusoidal components are resolved in the H$\\beta$ trailed spectra and we determine the location of the narrow component to be on the secondary star with a maximum contributed flux of ~2.5 per cent to the total flux. Imaging of the line distribution reveals that the other emission component is associated with the gas stream. This follows a velocity close to the ballistic one from the red star to a distance of ~0.5 R$_{L_{1}}$ from the white dwarf. This emission penetrates the accretion disc (from 0.5--0.1 R$_{L_{1}}$), with a velocity now closer (but lower) to the keplerian velocities along the path of the gas stream. We finally discuss the implications of having observed simultaneously line emission from the gas stream and the red star during outburst.

E. T. Harlaftis; T. R. Marsh

1995-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

346

OY Car in Outburst: Balmer emission from the red star and the gas stream  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present observations of OY Car, obtained with the Anglo-Australian telescope, during a normal outburst in 1991. Two sinusoidal components are resolved in the Hbeta trailed spectra and we determine the location of the narrow component to be on the secondary star with a maximum contributed flux of ~2.5 per cent to the total flux. Imaging of the line distribution reveals that the other emission component is associated with the gas stream. This follows a velocity close to the ballistic one from the red star to a distance of ~0.5 R_L1 from the white dwarf. Then. its kinematics changes from 0.5-0.2 R_L1 (accretion disc) following velocities now closer to (but lower than) the keplerian velocities along the path of the gas stream. We finally dicsuss the implications of having observed simultaneously line emission from the gas stream and the red star during outburst.

E. T. Harlaftis; T. R. Marsh

1995-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

347

Universal flow-density relation of single-file bicycle, pedestrian and car motion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The relation between flow and density, also known as the fundamental diagram, is an essential quantitative characteristic to describe the efficiency of traffic systems. We have performed experiments with single-file motion of bicycles and compare the results with previous studies for car and pedestrian motion in similar setups. In the space-time diagrams we observe three different states of motion (free flow state, jammed state and stop-and-go waves) in all these systems. Despite of their obvious differences they are described by a universal fundamental diagram after proper rescaling of space and time which takes into account the size and free velocity of the three kinds of agents. This indicates that the similarities between the systems go deeper than expected.

Zhang, Jun; Holl, Stefan; Boltes, Maik; Andresen, Erik; Schadschneider, Andreas; Seyfried, Armin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Diesel Futures Forget the black soot and smoke. Modern diesel-powered cars are quiet, clean and fast.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diesel Futures Forget the black soot and smoke. Modern diesel-powered cars are quiet, clean at their tachometers to be sure that they were running. You would not expect that of a diesel, however. Yet these are diesel engines. The world has been looking to gas/electric hybrids and fuel cells for future fuel

349

CityCarControl : an electric vehicle drive-by-wire solution for distributed steering, braking and throttle control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we propose CityCarControl, a system to manage the steering, braking, and throttle of a new class of intra-city electric vehicles. These vehicles have a focus on extreme light-weight and a small parking ...

Brown, Thomas B., M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Parallel Scheduling for Cyber-Physical Systems: Analysis and Case Study on a Self-Driving Car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[31, 10, 26, 16, 30] is an appealing emerging CPS technology. In an autonomous car, motion planning-Physical Systems (CPS) rapidly increases, multi-core processors and parallel programming models such as OpenMP become appealing to CPS developers for guaranteeing timeliness. Hence, a par- allel task on multi

Rajkumar, Ragunathan

351

Battery Powered Electric Car, Using Photovoltaic Cells Assistance Juan Dixon, Alberto Ziga, Angel Abusleme and Daniel Soto  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Battery Powered Electric Car, Using Photovoltaic Cells Assistance Juan Dixon, Alberto Zúñiga, Angel Vehicles (EVs) is the scarce capacity of conventional electrical energy storage systems. Although Abusleme and Daniel Soto Abstract One of the major problems for the massive applicability of Electric

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad CatĂłlica de Chile)

352

SPEECH ENHANCEMENT IN CAR NOISE ENVIRONMENT BASED ON AN ANALYSIS-SYNTHESIS APPROACH USING HARMONIC NOISE MODEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPEECH ENHANCEMENT IN CAR NOISE ENVIRONMENT BASED ON AN ANALYSIS- SYNTHESIS APPROACH USING HARMONIC Kong ABSTRACT This paper presents a speech enhancement method based on an analysis-synthesis framework analysis-synthesis based speech enhancement system, and give details in HNM modeling, parameter estimation

So, Hing-Cheung

353

Joint Meeting on Hydrogen Delivery Modeling and Analysis FreedomCAR and Fuels Partnership Hydrogen Delivery, Storage and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. ­ The current capital costs for the hydrogen pipelines in the model are based on 1.1X the price of steel naturalJoint Meeting on Hydrogen Delivery Modeling and Analysis FreedomCAR and Fuels Partnership Hydrogen be prioritized) by mid-2008 H2A Delivery Model: Discussion Items, Comments, and Follow-up Actions 1. Pipeline

354

Published in the Proceeding of the International Conference on Computer Assisted Radiology, CAR'96, June 1996, pp579-584.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Published in the Proceeding of the International Conference on Computer Assisted Radiology, CAR'96 attempts to facilitate on demand long haul high performance medical information and resource sharing and distributed treatment planning. In this initiative, we are demonstrating a number of medical resource sharing

Khan, Javed I.

355

The high energy X-ray tail of Eta Car revealed by BeppoSAX  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the June 2000 long (100 ks) BeppoSAX exposure that has unveiled above 10 keV a new very high energy component of the X-ray spectrum of Eta Car extending to at least 50 keV. We find that the 2-150 keV spectrum is best reproduced by a thermal + non-thermal model. The thermal component dominates the 2-10 keV spectral range with kT_h=5.5 +/- 0.3 keV and log NH_h=22.68 +/- 0.01. The spectrum displays a prominent iron emission line centred at 6.70 keV. Its equivalent width of 0.94 keV, if produced by the thermal source, gives a slightly sub-solar iron abundance ([Fe/H]=-0.15 +/- 0.02). The high energy tail above 10 keV is best fitted by a power law with a photon index of 2.42 +/- 0.04. The integrated 13-150 keV luminosity of ~12 L-sun is comparable to that of the 2-10 keV thermal component. The present result can be explained, in the Eta Car binary star scenario, by Comptonisation of low frequency radiation by high energy electrons, probably generated in the colliding wind shock front, or in instabilities in the wind of the S Dor primary star. It is possible that the high energy tail had largely weakened near the minimum of the 5.53 yr cycle. With respect to the thermal component, it probably has a longer recovering time like that of the highest excitation optical emission lines. Both features can be associated with the large absorption measured by BeppoSAX at phase 0.05.

R. F. Viotti; L. A. Antonelli; C. Rossi; S. Rebecchi

2004-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

357

Ash level meter for a fixed-bed coal gasifier  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An ash level meter for a fixed-bed coal gasifier is provided which utilizes the known ash level temperature profile to monitor the ash bed level. A bed stirrer which travels up and down through the extent of the bed ash level is modified by installing thermocouples to measure the bed temperature as the stirrer travels through the stirring cycle. The temperature measurement signals are transmitted to an electronic signal process system by an FM/FM telemetry system. The processing system uses the temperature signals together with an analog stirrer position signal, taken from a position transducer disposed to measure the stirrer position to compute the vertical location of the ash zone upper boundary. The circuit determines the fraction of each total stirrer cycle time the stirrer-derived bed temperature is below a selected set point, multiplies this fraction by the average stirrer signal level, multiplies this result by an appropriate constant and adds another constant such that a 1 to 5 volt signal from the processor corresponds to a 0 to 30 inch span of the ash upper boundary level. Three individual counters in the processor store clock counts that are representative of: (1) the time the stirrer temperature is below the set point (500.degree. F.), (2) the time duration of the corresponding stirrer travel cycle, and (3) the corresponding average stirrer vertical position. The inputs to all three counters are disconnected during any period that the stirrer is stopped, eliminating corruption of the measurement by stirrer stoppage.

Fasching, George E. (Morgantown, WV)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Flame quality monitor system for fixed firing rate oil burners  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for determining and indicating the flame quality, or efficiency of the air-fuel ratio, in a fixed firing rate heating unit, such as an oil burning furnace, is provided. When the flame brightness falls outside a preset range, the flame quality, or excess air, has changed to the point that the unit should be serviced. The flame quality indicator output is in the form of lights mounted on the front of the unit. A green light indicates that the flame is about in the same condition as when the burner was last serviced. A red light indicates a flame which is either too rich or too lean, and that servicing of the burner is required. At the end of each firing cycle, the flame quality indicator goes into a hold mode which is in effect during the period that the burner remains off. A yellow or amber light indicates that the burner is in the hold mode. In this mode, the flame quality lights indicate the flame condition immediately before the burner turned off. Thus the unit can be viewed when it is off, and the flame condition at the end of the previous firing cycle can be observed.

Butcher, Thomas A. (Pt. Jefferson, NY); Cerniglia, Philip (Moriches, NY)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

In celebration of the fixed target program with the Tevatron  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Tevatron is the world's first large superconducting accelerator. With its construction, we gained the dual opportunities to advance the state of the art in accelerator technology with the machine itself and in particle physics with the experiments that became possible in a higher energy regime. There have been 43 experiments in the Tevatron fixed target program. Many of these are better described as experimental programs, each with a broad range of physics goals and results, and more than 100 collaborating physicists and engineers. The results of this program are three-fold: (1) new technologies in accelerators, beams and detectors which advanced the state of the art; (2) new experimental results published in the refereed physics journals; and (3) newly trained scientists who are both the next generation of particle physicists and an important part of the scientific, technical and educational backbone of the country as a whole. In this book they compile these results. There are sections from each experiment including what their physics goals and results were, what papers were published, and which students have received degrees. Summaries of these results from the program as a whole are quite interesting, but the physics results from this program are too broad to summarize globally. The most important of the results appear in later sections of this booklet.

Jeffrey A. Appel et al.

2001-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

360

Evolutions in 3D numerical relativity using fixed mesh refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results of 3D numerical simulations using a finite difference code featuring fixed mesh refinement (FMR), in which a subset of the computational domain is refined in space and time. We apply this code to a series of test cases including a robust stability test, a nonlinear gauge wave and an excised Schwarzschild black hole in an evolving gauge. We find that the mesh refinement results are comparable in accuracy, stability and convergence to unigrid simulations with the same effective resolution. At the same time, the use of FMR reduces the computational resources needed to obtain a given accuracy. Particular care must be taken at the interfaces between coarse and fine grids to avoid a loss of convergence at higher resolutions, and we introduce the use of "buffer zones" as one resolution of this issue. We also introduce a new method for initial data generation, which enables higher-order interpolation in time even from the initial time slice. This FMR system, "Carpet", is a driver module in the freely available Cactus computational infrastructure, and is able to endow generic existing Cactus simulation modules ("thorns") with FMR with little or no extra effort.

Erik Schnetter; Scott H. Hawley; Ian Hawke

2004-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed car bon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Isolated thermocouple amplifier system for stirred fixed-bed gasifier  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A sensing system is provided for determining the bed temperature profile of the bed of a stirred, fixed-bed gasifier including a plurality of temperature sensors for sensing the bed temperature at different levels, a transmitter for transmitting data based on the outputs of the sensors to a remote operator's station, and a battery-based power supply. The system includes an isolation amplifier system comprising a plurality of isolation amplifier circuits for amplifying the outputs of the individual sensors. The isolation amplifier circuits each comprise an isolation operational amplifier connected to a sensor; a first "flying capacitor" circuit for, in operation, controlling the application of power from the power supply to the isolation amplifier; an output sample and hold circuit connected to the transmitter; a second "flying capacitor" circuit for, in operation, controlling the transfer of the output of the isolation amplifier to the sample and hold circuit; and a timing and control circuit for activating the first and second capacitor circuits in a predetermined timed sequence.

Fasching, George E. (Morgantown, WV)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Fixed-bed bioreactor system for the microbial solubilization of coal  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fixed-bed bioreactor system for the conversion of coal into microbially solubilized coal products. The fixed-bed bioreactor continuously or periodically receives coal and bio-reactants and provides for the large scale production of microbially solubilized coal products in an economical and efficient manner. An oxidation pretreatment process for rendering coal uniformly and more readily susceptible to microbial solubilization may be employed with the fixed-bed bioreactor. 1 fig., 1 tab.

Scott, C.D.; Strandberg, G.W.

1987-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

363

Genome-wide Expression Assay Comparison Across Frozen and Fixed Postmortem Brain Tissue Samples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Continued) B6207 Control M Heart attack/disease Frozen B6756Fixed B6208 Control F Heart attack/disease Frozen B4756

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

EM Finds Success with Fixed-Priced Hybrid Contract Approach Benefittin...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

fixed-priced procurements in the future, and some may involve a new combination of contracting strategies proven successful at the Hanford site. The Hanford success story marked...

365

Robert Lemos, News.com, 2004.12.01: "Microsoft rushes out critical IE fix  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

saves it for later. See, e.g., phpWebSite security hole fixed 2004.11.16. #12;Mixed-source command lines

Bernstein, Daniel

366

Off-peak summer performance enhancement for rows of fixed solar thermal collectors using reflective surfaces.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The possibility of increasing the efficiency of fixed solar thermal collectors without greatly adding to the cost or complexity of the overall solar collection system… (more)

Armenta, Casiano

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

E-Print Network 3.0 - aerated submerged fixed-film Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

January 2007 Summary: Trickling Filter - Facility type with fixed film bacteria. Wastewater is typically pumped up... TRANSFER EFFICIENCY MONITORING OF WASTEWATER AERATION...

368

Stochastic Quasi-Fejér Block-Coordinate Fixed Point Iterations with ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract. This work proposes block-coordinate fixed point algorithms with applications to nonlinear analysis and optimization in Hilbert spaces. The asymptotic ...

2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

369

RELIABILITY BASED DESIGN OF FIXED FOUNDATION WIND TURBINES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent analysis of offshore wind turbine foundations using both applicable API and IEC standards show that the total load demand from wind and waves is greatest in wave driven storms. Further, analysis of overturning moment loads (OTM) reveal that impact forces exerted by breaking waves are the largest contributor to OTM in big storms at wind speeds above the operating range of 25 m/s. Currently, no codes or standards for offshore wind power generators have been adopted by the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Regulation and Enforcement (BOEMRE) for use on the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS). Current design methods based on allowable stress design (ASD) incorporate the uncertainty in the variation of loads transferred to the foundation and geotechnical capacity of the soil and rock to support the loads is incorporated into a factor of safety. Sources of uncertainty include spatial and temporal variation of engineering properties, reliability of property measurements applicability and sufficiency of sampling and testing methods, modeling errors, and variability of estimated load predictions. In ASD these sources of variability are generally given qualitative rather than quantitative consideration. The IEC 61400‐3 design standard for offshore wind turbines is based on ASD methods. Load and resistance factor design (LRFD) methods are being increasingly used in the design of structures. Uncertainties such as those listed above can be included quantitatively into the LRFD process. In LRFD load factors and resistance factors are statistically based. This type of analysis recognizes that there is always some probability of failure and enables the probability of failure to be quantified. This paper presents an integrated approach consisting of field observations and numerical simulation to establish the distribution of loads from breaking waves to support the LRFD of fixed offshore foundations.

Nichols, R.

2013-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

370

Coxsackie- and adenovirus receptor (CAR) is expressed in lymphatic vessels in human skin and affects lymphatic endothelial cell function in vitro  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lymphatic vessels play an important role in tissue fluid homeostasis, intestinal fat absorption and immunosurveillance. Furthermore, they are involved in pathologic conditions, such as tumor cell metastasis and chronic inflammation. In comparison to blood vessels, the molecular phenotype of lymphatic vessels is less well characterized. Performing comparative gene expression analysis we have recently found that coxsackie- and adenovirus receptor (CAR) is significantly more highly expressed in cultured human, skin-derived lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs), as compared to blood vascular endothelial cells. Here, we have confirmed these results at the protein level, using Western blot and FACS analysis. Immunofluorescence performed on human skin confirmed that CAR is expressed at detectable levels in lymphatic vessels, but not in blood vessels. To address the functional significance of CAR expression, we modulated CAR expression levels in cultured LECs in vitro by siRNA- and vector-based transfection approaches. Functional assays performed with the transfected cells revealed that CAR is involved in distinct cellular processes in LECs, such as cell adhesion, migration, tube formation and the control of vascular permeability. In contrast, no effect of CAR on LEC proliferation was observed. Overall, our data suggest that CAR stabilizes LEC-LEC interactions in the skin and may contribute to lymphatic vessel integrity.

Vigl, Benjamin; Zgraggen, Claudia; Rehman, Nadia; Banziger-Tobler, Nadia E.; Detmar, Michael [Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH Zurich, Wolfgang-Pauli Str. 10, CH-8093 Zurich (Switzerland); Halin, Cornelia [Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH Zurich, Wolfgang-Pauli Str. 10, CH-8093 Zurich (Switzerland)], E-mail: cornelia.halin@pharma.ethz.ch

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

371

Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane technical mixture regulates cell cycle and apoptosis genes through the activation of CAR and ER? in mouse livers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) is a widely used organochlorine pesticide and a xenoestrogen that promotes rodent hepatomegaly and tumours. A recent study has shown significant correlation between DDT serum concentration and liver cancer incidence in humans, but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. We hypothesised that a mixture of DDT isomers could exert effects on the liver through pathways instead of classical ERs. The acute effects of a DDT mixture containing the two major isomers p,p?-DDT (85%) and o,p?-DDT (15%) on CAR and ER? receptors and their cell cycle and apoptosis target genes were studied in mouse livers. ChIP results demonstrated increased CAR and ER? recruitment to their specific target gene binding sites in response to the DDT mixture. The results of real-time RT-PCR were consistent with the ChIP data and demonstrated that the DDT was able to activate both CAR and ER? in mouse livers, leading to target gene transcriptional increases including Cyp2b10, Gadd45?, cMyc, Mdm2, Ccnd1, cFos and E2f1. Western blot analysis demonstrated increases in cell cycle progression proteins cMyc, Cyclin D1, CDK4 and E2f1 and anti-apoptosis proteins Mdm2 and Gadd45?. In addition, DDT exposure led to Rb phosphorylation. Increases in cell cycle progression and anti-apoptosis proteins were accompanied by a decrease in p53 content and its transcriptional activity. However, the DDT was unable to stimulate the ?-catenin signalling pathway, which can play an important role in hepatocyte proliferation. Thus, our results indicate that DDT treatment may result in cell cycle progression and apoptosis inhibition through CAR- and ER?-mediated gene activation in mouse livers. These findings suggest that the proliferative and anti-apoptotic conditions induced by CAR and ER? activation may be important contributors to the early stages of hepatocarcinogenesis as produced by DDT in rodent livers. - Highlights: • DDT activated both CAR and ER? and their cell cycle and apoptosis target genes. • DDT produced increases in cell cycle and anti-apoptosis proteins and decrease in p53. • DDT mixture was unable to stimulate the ?-catenin signalling pathway in mouse livers.

Kazantseva, Yuliya A.; Yarushkin, Andrei A. [Institute of Molecular Biology and Biophysics SB RAMS, Novosibirsk, Timakova str., 2, 630117 (Russian Federation); Pustylnyak, Vladimir O., E-mail: pustylnyak@ngs.ru [Institute of Molecular Biology and Biophysics SB RAMS, Novosibirsk, Timakova str., 2, 630117 (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk, Pirogova str., 2, 630090 (Russian Federation)

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Target Acquisition, Localization, and Surveillance using a Fixed-Wing Mini-UAV and Gimbaled Camera  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Target Acquisition, Localization, and Surveillance using a Fixed-Wing Mini-UAV and Gimbaled Camera acquisition and continuous surveillance using fixed-wing UAVs is a difficult task due to the many degrees of freedom inherent in aircraft and gimbaled cameras. Mini-UAVs further complicate the problem by introducing

Goodrich, Michael A.

373

Improved techniques for studying the temporal and spatial behavior of fish in a fixed location  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improved techniques for studying the temporal and spatial behavior of fish in a fixed location John for studying the temporal and spatial behavior of fish in a fixed location. ­ ICES Journal of Marine Science, 60: 700­706. There are many situations when it is important to know accurately the behavior of fish

374

A Robust STATCOM Control to Augment LVRT capability of Fixed Speed Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Robust STATCOM Control to Augment LVRT capability of Fixed Speed Wind Turbines M. J. Hossain, H Compensator (STATCOM) to enhance the Low-Voltage Ride- Through (LVRT) capability of fixed-speed wind turbines cost and maintenance due to rugged brushless construction. Constant speed wind turbines equipped

Pota, Himanshu Roy

375

Taxes-Fixed Price UT-B Contracts Div Page 1 of 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Taxes-Fixed Price UT-B Contracts Div July 2006 Page 1 of 1 taxes-fp-ext-july06.doc TAXES--FIXED PRICE (July 2006) FEDERAL, STATE, AND LOCAL TAXES (a) Definitions. As used throughout this clause in this Agreement, the Agreement price includes all applicable Federal taxes in effect on the Agreement date. (c

Pennycook, Steve

376

A Rank-Corrected Procedure for Matrix Completion with Fixed Basis Coefficients  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Rank-Corrected Procedure for Matrix Completion with Fixed Basis Coefficients Weimin Miao, Shaohua address low-rank matrix completion problems with fixed basis coefficients, which include the low-rank correlation matrix completion in various fields such as the financial market and the low-rank density matrix

Chaudhuri, Sanjay

377

Energy-efficient Multicasting in Wireless Networks with Fixed Node Transmission Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy-efficient Multicasting in Wireless Networks with Fixed Node Transmission Power Christos Computer Technology Institute, Greece manos@ceid.upatras.gr ABSTRACT In this work, we propose an energy-efficient are fixed. Our algorithm is based on the multicost approach and selects an optimal energy-efficient set

Varvarigo, Emmanouel "Manos"

378

Approximate Response Time for Fixed Priority Real-Time Systems with Energy-Harvesting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Approximate Response Time for Fixed Priority Real-Time Systems with Energy-Harvesting Yasmina sufficient schedulability tests for fixed-priority pre-emptive scheduling of a real-time system under energy constraints. In this problem, energy is harvested from the ambient environment and used to replenish a storage

Boyer, Edmond

379

Schedulability Analysis for Fixed Priority Real-Time Systems with Energy-Harvesting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Schedulability Analysis for Fixed Priority Real-Time Systems with Energy-Harvesting Yasmina sufficient schedulability tests for fixed-priority pre-emptive scheduling of a real-time system under energy constraints. In this problem, energy is harvested from the ambient environment and used to replenish a storage

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

380

A Systemic Design Methodology of PM Generators for Fixed-Pitch Marine Current Turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Systemic Design Methodology of PM Generators for Fixed-Pitch Marine Current Turbines Sofiane of permanent magnet (PM) generator associated with fixed-pitch turbine for tidal energy generation. The main problem with marine current turbines systems are the maintenance requirements of the drive

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed car bon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

The Advantages of Fixed Facilities in Characterizing TRU Wastes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In May 1998 the Hanford Site started developing a program for characterization of transuranic (TRU) waste for shipment to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) in New Mexico. After less than two years, Hanford will have a program certified by the Carlsbad Area Office (CAO). By picking a simple waste stream, taking advantage of lessons learned at the other sites, as well as communicating effectively with the CAO, Hanford was able to achieve certification in record time. This effort was further simplified by having a centralized program centered on the Waste Receiving and Processing (WRAP) Facility that contains most of the equipment required to characterize TRU waste. The use of fixed facilities for the characterization of TRU waste at sites with a long-term clean-up mission can be cost effective for several reasons. These include the ability to control the environment in which sensitive instrumentation is required to operate and ensuring that calibrations and maintenance activities are scheduled and performed as an operating routine. Other factors contributing to cost effectiveness include providing approved procedures and facilities for handling hazardous materials and anticipated contingencies and performing essential evolutions, and regulating and smoothing the work load and environmental conditions to provide maximal efficiency and productivity. Another advantage is the ability to efficiently provide characterization services to other sites in the Department of Energy (DOE) Complex that do not have the same capabilities. The Waste Receiving and Processing (WRAP) Facility is a state-of-the-art facility designed to consolidate the operations necessary to inspect, process and ship waste to facilitate verification of contents for certification to established waste acceptance criteria. The WRAP facility inspects, characterizes, treats, and certifies transuranic (TRU), low-level and mixed waste at the Hanford Site in Washington state. Fluor Hanford operates the $89 million facility under the Project Hanford Management Contract. This paper describes the operating experiences and results obtained during the first year of full operations at WRAP. Interested audiences include personnel involved in TRU waste characterization activities, TRU waste treatment and disposal facilities and TRU waste certification. The conclusions of this paper are that WRAP has proven itself to be a valuable asset for low-level and TRU waste management.

FRENCH, M.S.

2000-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

382

Structural, dynamic, and vibrational properties during heat transfer in Si/Ge superlattices: A Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The structural, dynamic, and vibrational properties during heat transfer process in Si/Ge superlattices are studied by analyzing the trajectories generated by the ab initio Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics simulation. The radial distribution functions and mean square displacements are calculated and further discussions are made to explain and probe the structural changes relating to the heat transfer phenomenon. Furthermore, the vibrational density of states of the two layers (Si/Ge) are computed and plotted to analyze the contributions of phonons with different frequencies to the heat conduction. Coherent heat conduction of the low frequency phonons is found and their contributions to facilitate heat transfer are confirmed. The Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics simulation outputs in the work show reasonable thermophysical results of the thermal energy transport process and shed light on the potential applications of treating the heat transfer in the superlattices of semiconductor materials from a quantum mechanical molecular dynamics simulation perspective.

Ji, Pengfei; Zhang, Yuwen, E-mail: zhangyu@missouri.edu [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211 (United States); Yang, Mo [College of Energy and Power Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093 (China)

2013-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

383

Observation of excited state charge transfer with fs/ps-CARS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Excited state charge transfer processes are studied using the fs/ps-CARS probe technique. This probe allows for multiplexed detection of Raman active vibrational modes. Systems studied include Michler's Ketone, Coumarin 120, 4-dimethylamino-4{prime}-nitrostilbene, and several others. The vibrational spectrum of the para di-substituted benzophenone Michler's Ketone in the first excited singlet state is studied for the first time. It is found that there are several vibrational modes indicative of structural changes of the excited molecule. A combined experimental and theoretical approach is used to study the simplest 7-amino-4-methylcoumarin, Coumarin 120. Vibrations observed in FTIR and spontaneous Raman spectra are assigned using density functional calculations and a continuum solvation model is used to predict how observed modes are affected upon inclusion of a solvent. The low frequency modes of the excited state charge transfer species 4-dimethylamino-4{prime}-nitrostilbene are studied in acetonitrile. Results are compared to previous work on this molecule in the fingerprint region. Finally, several partially completed projects and their implications are discussed. These include the two photon absorption of Coumarin 120, nanoconfinement in cyclodextrin cavities and sensitization of titania nanoparticles.

Blom, Alex Jason

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Time-resolved ultraviolet spectroscopy of the compact interacting binary QU Car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present HST/STIS (1160--1700A) echelle spectra of the cataclysmic variable (CV) star, QU Car, observed in time-tag mode at three epochs. In catalogues this binary is classified as a nova-like variable. We find evidence of a high-state non-magnetic CV at low inclination, with unusually high ionisation. We observed narrow absorption lines (few hundred km/s wide) in N V1240, O V1371 and Si IV1398, as well as broader (HWZI ~1000km/s) emission in C III1176, C IV1549 and He II1640, all with a superposed absorption component. High ionisation is indicated by the unusually string He II emission and the relative strength of the O V absorption line. The dereddened UV SED of, on average, -2.3 suggests that disc accretion dominates the spectral energy distribution. In two observations velocity shifting is noted in the absorption lines on a timescale long enough not to repeat within the ~2600-sec exposures. The absorption superposed on the C IV emission line moves coherently with the N V and Si IV absorption, suggesting...

Hartley, L E; Long, K S

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Discovery of blue companions to two southern Cepheids: WW Car and FN Vel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A large number of high-dispersion spectra of classical Cepheids were obtained in the region of the CaII H+K spectral lines. The analysis of these spectra allowed us to detect the presence of a strong Balmer line, H$\\epsilon$, for several Cepheids, interpreted as the signature of a blue companion: the presence of a sufficiently bright blue companion to the Cepheid results in a discernible strengthening of the CaII H + Hepsilon line relative to the CaII K line. We investigated 103 Cepheids, including those with known hot companions (B5-B6 main-sequence stars) in order to test the method. We could confirm the presence of a companion to WW Car and FN Vel (the existence of the former was only suspected before) and we found that these companions are blue hot stars. The method remains efficient when the orbital velocity changes in a binary system cannot be revealed and other methods of binarity detection are not efficient.

Kovtyukh, V; Chekhonadskikh, F; Lemasle, B; Belik, S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

OBSERVATIONS OF MOLECULAR OUTFLOW IN CAR 291.6-01.9  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the first observations of a dense molecular gas nebula and bipolar outflow in Car 291.6-01.9, showing characteristics of an embedded young stellar object (YSO). Using the Mopra radio telescope near Coonabarabaran, Australia, we image the kinematic structure of several emission features to examine physical properties within a molecular clump of mass {approx}3.2 {+-} 0.6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 3} M{sub Sun} in which a stellar cluster may be forming. Motivated by acquiring a more thorough understanding of star formation we ask what may have initiated collapse in the clump; observed outflow alignment is suggestive of {approx}1.0 pc distant massive star HD 308280 radiative-driven compression as a formation trigger for the dense core. An outflow derived age of <10{sup 6} years, together with significant C{sup 18}O and SO core depletion, support the case for the core as the host of an extremely YSO cluster.

Saul, M. [School of Physics, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052 (Australia); Saul, L., E-mail: msaul@phys.unsw.edu.au, E-mail: luke.saul@space.unibe.ch [Physics Institute, University of Bern, Bern CH-3012 (Switzerland)

2012-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

387

A spectroscopic event of eta Car viewed from different directions: The data and first results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present spectroscopic observations with high spectral resolution of eta Car as seen by the SE lobe of the Homunculus nebula over the 2003.5 "spectroscopic event". The observed spectra represent the stellar spectrum emitted near the pole of the star and are much less contaminated with nebular emission lines than direct observations of the central object. The "event" is qualitatively similar near the pole to what is observed in direct spectra of the star (more equator-on at 45 degree), but shows interesting differences. The observations show that the equivalent width changes of H alpha emission and other lines are less pronounced at the pole than in the line of sight. Also the absorption components appear less variable. A pronounced high-velocity absorption is present near the event in the He I lines indicating a mass-ejection event. This feature is also seen, but less pronounced, in the hydrogen lines. HeII4686 emission is observed for a brief period of time near the event and appears, if corrected for light travel time, to precede similar emission in the direct view. Our observations indicate that the event is probably not only a change in ionization and excitation structure or a simple eclipse-like event.

Otmar Stahl; Kerstin Weis; Dominik J. Bomans; Kris Davidson; Theodore R. Gull; Roberta M. Humphreys

2005-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

388

Fall Protection Procedures for Sealing Bulk Waste Shipments by Rail Cars at Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) Sites - 13509  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rail-cars loaded with radioactive materials must be closed and fastened to comply with United States Department of Transportation (DOT) requirements before they shipped. Securing waste shipments in a manner that meets these regulations typically results in the use of a sealable rail-car liner. Workers accessing the tops of the 2.74 m high rail-cars to seal and inspect liners for compliance prior to shipment may be exposed to a fall hazard. Relatively recent revisions to the Fall Protection requirements in the Safety and Health Requirements Manual (EM385-1-1, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers) have necessitated modifications to the fall protection systems previously employed for rail-car loading at Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) sites. In response these projects have developed site-specific procedures to protect workers and maintain compliance with the improved fall protection regulations. (authors)

Boyle, J.D. [U.S. Army Corps of Engineers - Buffalo District, Buffalo, New York 14207 (United States)] [U.S. Army Corps of Engineers - Buffalo District, Buffalo, New York 14207 (United States); Fort, E. Joseph; Lorenz, William [Cabrera Services (Cabrera) East Harford, CT 06108 (United States)] [Cabrera Services (Cabrera) East Harford, CT 06108 (United States); Mills, Andy [Shaw Environmental and Infrastructure, Inc. (Shaw) Baton Rouge, LA 70809 (United States)] [Shaw Environmental and Infrastructure, Inc. (Shaw) Baton Rouge, LA 70809 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Vibro-acoustical comfort in cars at idle : human perception of simulated sounds and vibrations from three and four cylinder diesel engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

three and four cylinder diesel engines Etienne Parizet, Maël Amari Laboratoire Vibrations Acoustique This paper deals with comfort in diesel cars running at idle. A bench was used to reproduce the vertical

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

390

Information visualization for in-car communication processes Michael Sedlmair, BMW Group Research and Technology, Germany, Michael.Sedlmair@bmw.de  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Information visualization for in-car communication processes Michael Sedlmair, BMW Group Research and Technology, Germany, Michael.Sedlmair@bmw.de Supervisor: Andreas Butz, University of Munich, Germany, Andreas

391

Operational experience using the novel FixCup collecting main valve  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On the occasion of the 1995 AIME conference the new PROven (Pressure Regulated Oven) process to control the pressure in coke ovens individually was introduced. This process was made feasible with a new collecting main valve, termed FixCup, with the aid of this valve a variable flow resistance to the raw gas discharge can be realized using a water immersion system. However, just the application of the FixCup system alone--without any pressure regulation--is very advantageous and cost saving. Thyssen has equipped 30 ovens with the new valve. The special constructive features as well as the operational experience using the FixCup valve are treated.

Giertz, J.; Huhn, F. [DMT-Gesellschaft fuer Forschung und Pruefung mbH, Essen (Germany). Inst. for Cokemaking and Fuel Technology; Spitz, J. [Thyssen Stahl AG, Duisburg (Germany)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

392

Cover photos: CBL, AL, and HPL small photos: Cheryl Nemazie  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ALITy...................................................................................................2 UMCES CArBON FOOTprINT: STATUS ANd TrENdS Selectively redesign or replace HVAC systems and further insulate facilities Capture and reuse gray water

Boynton, Walter R.

393

portation and Greenhouse Gas (MUNTAG) model is a macroscopic, highly aggregate model that works at the municipal level and solely  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

identifies the following four sectors: buildings; trans- portation and land use; energy supply; and municipal GHG inventory. This work is part of a project to write a guide called Getting to Car- bon Neutral

Illinois at Chicago, University of

394

fois, ils semblent aussi impliqus dans une tape postrieure l'initiation qui est la promo-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E.A. & Recknagel R.O. (1983) Carbon tetrachloride and bromotrichloromethane toxi- city. Dual role.A., Fernan- dez Y. & Mitjavila S. (1986) Radical activation of car- bon tetrachloride in foetal and maternal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

395

Time-resolved ultraviolet spectroscopy of the compact interacting binary QU Car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present HST/STIS (1160--1700A) echelle spectra of the cataclysmic variable (CV) star, QU Car, observed in time-tag mode at three epochs. In catalogues this binary is classified as a nova-like variable. We find evidence of a high-state non-magnetic CV at low inclination, with unusually high ionisation. We observed narrow absorption lines (few hundred km/s wide) in N V1240, O V1371 and Si IV1398, as well as broader (HWZI ~1000km/s) emission in C III1176, C IV1549 and He II1640, all with a superposed absorption component. High ionisation is indicated by the unusually string He II emission and the relative strength of the O V absorption line. The dereddened UV SED of, on average, -2.3 suggests that disc accretion dominates the spectral energy distribution. In two observations velocity shifting is noted in the absorption lines on a timescale long enough not to repeat within the ~2600-sec exposures. The absorption superposed on the C IV emission line moves coherently with the N V and Si IV absorption, suggesting the same origin for all absorption lines -- most likely to be in the accretion disc atmosphere. Weak blueshifted absorption in NV and C\\IV provides evidence of an outflow component and we estimate a maximum outflow velocity of ~2000km/s. This may be linked to a wind launched from further out in the disc than is typically seen in those high-state non-magnetic CV whose wind speeds are observed to reach to >4000km/s. Unusually, three ionisation stages of carbon -- C II, C III and C IV -- are present in emission, with line width increasing with higher ionisation. The presence of C II in emission and the positive line-width/ionisation correlation is most easily reconciled with an origin in a disc chromosphere, beyond the influence of the EUV-emitting inner disc.

L. E. Hartley; J. E. Drew; K. S. Long

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

The rotational broadening of V395 Car - implications on compact object's mass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONTEXT: The masses previously obtained for the X-ray binary 2S0921-630 inferred a compact object that was either a high-mass neutron star or low-mass black-hole, but used a previously published value for the rotational broadening (vsini) with large uncertainties. AIMS: We aim to determine an accurate mass for the compact object through an improved measurement of the secondary star's projected equatorial rotational velocity. METHODS: We have used UVES echelle spectroscopy to determine the vsini of the secondary star (V395 Car) in the low-mass X-ray binary 2S0921-630 by comparison to an artificially broadened spectral-type template star. In addition, we have also measured vsini from a single high signal-to-noise ratio absorption line profile calculated using the method of Least-Squares Deconvolution (LSD). RESULTS: We determine vsini to lie between 31.3+/-0.5km/s to 34.7+/-0.5km/s (assuming zero and continuum limb darkening, respectively) in disagreement with revious results based on intermediate resolution spectroscopy obtained with the 3.6m NTT. Using our revised vsini value in combination with the secondary star's radial velocity gives a binary mass ratio of 0.281+/-0.034. Furthermore, assuming a binary inclination angle of 75 degrees gives a compact object mass of 1.37+/-0.13Mo. CONCLUSIONS: We find that using relatively low-resolution spectroscopy can result in systemic uncertainties in the measured vsini values obtained using standard methods. We suggest the use of LSD as a secondary, reliable check of the results as LSD allows one to directly discern the shape of the absorption line profile. In the light of the new vsini measurement, we have revised down the compact object's mass, such that it is now compatible with a canonical neutron star mass.

T. Shahbaz; C. A. Watson

2007-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

397

DHA down-regulates phenobarbital-induced cytochrome P450 2B1 gene expression in rat primary hepatocytes by attenuating CAR translocation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) plays an important role in regulating the expression of detoxifying enzymes, including cytochrome P450 2B (CYP 2B). Phenobarbital (PB) induction of human CYP 2B6 and mouse CYP 2b10 has been shown to be mediated by CAR. Our previous study showed that PB-induced CYP 2B1 expression in rat primary hepatocytes is down-regulated by both n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), especially docosahexaenoic acid (DHA); however, the mechanism for this down-regulation by DHA was previously unknown. The objective of the present study was to determine whether change in CAR translocation is involved in the down-regulation by n-6 and n-3 PUFAs of PB-induced CYP 2B1 expression in rat primary hepatocytes. We used 100 {mu}M arachidonic acid, linoleic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, and DHA to test this hypothesis. PB triggered the translocation of CAR from the cytosol into the nucleus in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner in our hepatocyte system, and the CAR distribution in rat primary hepatocytes was significantly affected by DHA. DHA treatment decreased PB-inducible accumulation of CAR in the nuclear fraction and increased it in the cytosolic fraction in a dose-dependent manner. The down-regulation of CYP 2B1 expression by DHA occurred in a dose-dependent manner, and a similar pattern was found for the nuclear accumulation of CAR. The results of immunoprecipitation showed a CAR/RXR heterodimer bound to nuclear receptor binding site 1 (NR-1) of the PB-responsive enhancer module (PBREM) of the CYP 2B1gene. The EMSA results showed that PB-induced CAR binding to NR-1 was attenuated by DHA. Taken together, these results suggest that attenuation of CAR translocation and decreased subsequent binding to NR-1 are involved in DHA's down-regulation of PB-induced CYP 2B1 expression.

Li, C.-C.; Lii, C.-K.; Liu, K.-L. [Department of Nutrition, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan (China); Yang, J.-J. [School of Dentistry, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan (China); Chen, H.-W. [Department of Nutrition, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan (China)], E-mail: hawwen@csmu.edu.tw

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

398

Mixed quantum/classical theory of rotationally and vibrationally inelastic scattering in space-fixed and body-fixed reference frames  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We formulated the mixed quantum/classical theory for rotationally and vibrationally inelastic scattering process in the diatomic molecule + atom system. Two versions of theory are presented, first in the space-fixed and second in the body-fixed reference frame. First version is easy to derive and the resultant equations of motion are transparent, but the state-to-state transition matrix is complex-valued and dense. Such calculations may be computationally demanding for heavier molecules and/or higher temperatures, when the number of accessible channels becomes large. In contrast, the second version of theory requires some tedious derivations and the final equations of motion are rather complicated (not particularly intuitive). However, the state-to-state transitions are driven by real-valued sparse matrixes of much smaller size. Thus, this formulation is the method of choice from the computational point of view, while the space-fixed formulation can serve as a test of the body-fixed equations of motion, and the code. Rigorous numerical tests were carried out for a model system to ensure that all equations, matrixes, and computer codes in both formulations are correct.

Semenov, Alexander; Babikov, Dmitri, E-mail: dmitri.babikov@mu.edu [Chemistry Department, Wehr Chemistry Building, Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201-1881 (United States)] [Chemistry Department, Wehr Chemistry Building, Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201-1881 (United States)

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

399

Vibrational characteristics of a long and very flexible rotating fixed-free beam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The differential eigenvalue problem of a long and very flexible rotating fixed-free beam is studied. This kind of system produces a singular perturbation equation with a turning point. The perturbation factor arises because of the division...

Zarco Cruz, Juan Carlos

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Fixing and pelleting chromatin/nuclei from extracts onto coverslips for immunofluorescence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fixing and pelleting chromatin/nuclei from extracts onto coverslips for immunofluorescence Arshad. poly-lysine coated coverslips. 4. spin down tubes (or equivalent method to pellet onto coverslips; our

Mitchison, Tim

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed car bon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

FAIR MATCHING ALGORITHM: FIXED-LENGTH FRAME SCHEDULING IN ALL-PHOTONIC NETWORKS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FAIR MATCHING ALGORITHM: FIXED-LENGTH FRAME SCHEDULING IN ALL-PHOTONIC NETWORKS Nahid Saberi email:nahid.saberi@mail.mcgill.ca, coates@ece.mcgill.ca Abstract Internal switches in all

402

Model studies to investigate the effects of fixed streamlines on water flooding performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MODEL STUDIES TO INVESTIGATE THE EFFECTS OF FIXED STREAMLINES ON WATER FLOODING PERFORMANCE A Thesis by Axel Venton Green Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas ASrM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

Green, Axel Venton

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Crimp sealing of tubes flush with or below a fixed surface  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus for crimp sealing and severing tubes flush or below a fixed surface. Tube crimping below a fixed surface requires an asymmetric die and anvil configuration. The anvil must be flat so that, after crimping, it may be removed without deforming the crimped tubes. This asymmetric die and anvil is used when a ductile metal tube and valve assembly are attached to a pressure vessel which has a fixed surface around the base of the tube at the pressure vessel. A flat anvil is placed against the tube. Die guides are placed against the tube on a side opposite the anvil. A pinch-off die is inserted into the die guides against the tube. Adequate clearance for inserting the die and anvil around the tube is needed below the fixed surface. The anvil must be flat so that, after crimping, it may be removed without deforming the crimped tubes. 8 figs.

Fischer, J.E.; Walmsley, D.; Wapman, P.D.

1996-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

404

An investigation of fixed separation in quasi-periodic and aperiodic, unsteady, two-dimensional flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study asses the kinematic theory of fixed separation in unsteady, two-dimensional flows that has been proposed by Haller (2004). Experimental investigations were conducted that utilized the rotor-oscillator flow to ...

Helu, Moneer Mohammad

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Model Checking Fixed Point Logic with Chop Martin Lange and Colin Stirling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Foundations of Computer Science Division of Informatics University of Edinburgh {martin,cps, properties expressed by L µ formulas are essentially ``regular''. In [9], MË?uller­Olm introduced FLC, fixed

Stirling, Colin

406

Model Checking Fixed Point Logic with Chop Martin Lange and Colin Stirling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Foundations of Computer Science Division of Informatics University of Edinburgh {martin,cps, properties expressed by �µ formulas are essentially "regular". In [9], M¨uller-Olm introduced FLC, fixed

Stirling, Colin

407

Coordinating Inventory Control and Pricing Strategies with Random Demand and Fixed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coordinating Inventory Control and Pricing Strategies with Random Demand and Fixed Ordering Cost, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 1. Introduction Traditional inventory strategies to manage their inventory effectively. For example, techniques such as revenue management have

Chen, Xin

408

Resource limitation affects productivity and heterocyst formation in nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Resource limitation affects productivity and heterocyst formation in nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria College, Lewiston, ME Mentors: Ed Rastetter and Zoe Cardon December 2011 #12;2 Keywords: Resource optimization, substitutable resource, cyanobacteria, heterocyst, Anabaena, Abstract Cyanobacteria

Vallino, Joseph J.

409

Comparative genomics and natural distributions of phenotypically distinct strains of the nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium Crocosphaera watsonii  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the subtropical North Pacific Ocean. Nature 412:635- 38.fixing bacteria in the Pacific Ocean. Limnol. Oceanogr. 53:fixing bacteria in the Pacific Ocean. Limnol. Oceanogr. 53,

Bench, Shellie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Inverse fixed energy scattering problem for the two-dimensional nonlinear Schroedinger operator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work studies the direct and inverse fixed energy scattering problem for two-dimensional Schroedinger equation with rather general nonlinear index of refraction. In particular, using the Born approximation we prove that all singularities of the unknown compactly supported potential from $L^2$-space can be obtained uniquely by the scattering data with fixed positive energy. The proof is based on the new estimates for the Faddeev-Green's function in $L^\\infty$-space.

Georgios Fotopoulos; Valery Serov

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Mitsubishi iMiEV: An Electric Mini-Car in NREL's Advanced Technology Vehicle Fleet (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet highlights the Mitsubishi iMiEV, an electric mini-car in the advanced technology vehicle fleet at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). In support of the U.S. Department of Energy's fast-charging research efforts, NREL engineers are conducting charge and discharge performance testing on the vehicle. NREL's advanced technology vehicle fleet features promising technologies to increase efficiency and reduce emissions without sacrificing safety or comfort. The fleet serves as a technology showcase, helping visitors learn about innovative vehicles that are available today or are in development. Vehicles in the fleet are representative of current, advanced, prototype, and emerging technologies.

Not Available

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

"It's Like Giving Us a Car, Only Without the Wheels": Performance of Latina Students at an Early College High School  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

School. (December 2011) Leslie Ann Locke, B.S.; M.L.S, University of Minnesota?Twin Cities Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Kathryn McKenzie This dissertation presents the results from an empirical study of the perspectives of Latina students who... ?IT?S LIKE GIVING US A CAR, ONLY WITHOUT THE WHEELS?: PERFORMANCE OF LATINA STUDENTS AT AN EARLY COLLEGE HIGH SCHOOL A Dissertation by LESLIE ANN LOCKE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University...

Locke, Leslie Ann

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

413

APPLICATION OF THE FIXED NEUTRON ABSORBER STANDARD ANSI/ANS-8.21  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The specific applications standard, ANSI/ANS-8.21, provides guidance and insight in the use of fixed neutron absorbers. Organizations involved with handling and processing fissionable material will benefit from the systematic guidance provided by the standard in implementing engineered criticality safety controls. Numerous applications have demonstrated the successful implementation of fixed neutron absorbers as engineered safety features replacing administrative controls and substantial increases in mass loading. Upgrading the scope and usefulness of the standard by expanding the appendices is in progress.

TOFFER, H.

2004-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

414

The four fixed points of scale invariant single field cosmological models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We introduce a new set of flow parameters to describe the time dependence of the equation of state and the speed of sound in single field cosmological models. A scale invariant power spectrum is produced if these flow parameters satisfy specific dynamical equations. We analyze the flow of these parameters and find four types of fixed points that encompass all known single field models. Moreover, near each fixed point we uncover new models where the scale invariance of the power spectrum relies on having simultaneously time varying speed of sound and equation of state. We describe several distinctive new models and discuss constraints from strong coupling and superluminality.

Xue, BingKan, E-mail: bxue@princeton.edu [Department of Physics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

A new computational approach to the synthesis of fixed order controllers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A NEW COMPUTATIONAL APPROACH TO THE SYNTHESIS OF FIXED ORDER CONTROLLERS A Dissertation by WAQAR AHMAD MALIK Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR... OF PHILOSOPHY December 2007 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering A NEW COMPUTATIONAL APPROACH TO THE SYNTHESIS OF FIXED ORDER CONTROLLERS A Dissertation by WAQAR AHMAD MALIK Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment...

Malik, Waqar Ahmad

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

416

A new computational approach to the synthesis of fixed order controllers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A NEW COMPUTATIONAL APPROACH TO THE SYNTHESIS OF FIXED ORDER CONTROLLERS A Dissertation by WAQAR AHMAD MALIK Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR... OF PHILOSOPHY December 2007 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering A NEW COMPUTATIONAL APPROACH TO THE SYNTHESIS OF FIXED ORDER CONTROLLERS A Dissertation by WAQAR AHMAD MALIK Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment...

Malik, Waqar Ahmad

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

417

X-RAY EMISSION FROM THE DOUBLE-BINARY OB-STAR SYSTEM QZ CAR (HD 93206)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

X-ray observations of the double-binary OB-star system QZ Car (HD 93206) obtained with the Chandra X-ray Observatory over a period of roughly 2 years are presented. The respective orbits of systems A (O9.7 I+b2 v, P{sub A} = 21 days) and B (O8 III+o9 v, P{sub B} = 6 days) are reasonably well sampled by the observations, allowing the origin of the X-ray emission to be examined in detail. The X-ray spectra can be well fitted by an attenuated three-temperature thermal plasma model, characterized by cool, moderate, and hot plasma components at kT {approx_equal} 0.2, 0.7, and 2 keV, respectively, and a circumstellar absorption of {approx_equal}0.2 x 10{sup 22} cm{sup -2}. Although the hot plasma component could be indicating the presence of wind-wind collision shocks in the system, the model fluxes calculated from spectral fits, with an average value of {approx_equal}7 x 10{sup -13} erg s{sup -1} cm{sup -2}, do not show a clear correlation with the orbits of the two constituent binaries. A semi-analytical model of QZ Car reveals that a stable momentum balance may not be established in either system A or B. Yet, despite this, system B is expected to produce an observed X-ray flux well in excess of the observations. If one considers the wind of the O8 III star to be disrupted by mass transfer, the model and observations are in far better agreement, which lends support to the previous suggestion of mass transfer in the O8 III + o9 v binary. We conclude that the X-ray emission from QZ Car can be reasonably well accounted for by a combination of contributions mainly from the single stars and the mutual wind-wind collision between systems A and B.

Parkin, E. R.; Naze, Y.; Rauw, G. [Institut d'Astrophysique et de Geophysique, Universite de Liege, 17, Allee du 6 Aout, B5c, B-4000 Sart Tilman (Belgium); Broos, P. S.; Townsley, L. K. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Pittard, J. M. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Woodhouse Lane, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom); Moffat, A. F. J. [Departement de Physique, Universite de Montreal, C.P. 6128, Succ. Centre-Ville, Montreal, QC H3C 3J7 (Canada); Oskinova, L. M. [Institute for Physics and Astronomy, University of Potsdam, 14476 Potsdam (Germany); Waldron, W. L., E-mail: parkin@mso.anu.edu.au [Eureka Scientific Inc., 2452 Delmer Street, Oakland, CA 94602 (United States)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Semi-Autonomous Human-UAV Interfaces for Fixed-Wing Mini-UAVs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Semi-Autonomous Human-UAV Interfaces for Fixed-Wing Mini-UAVs Morgan Quigley Brigham Young University Provo, UT, USA beard@ee.byu.edu Abstract-- We present several human-UAV interfaces that support real-time control of a small semi-autonomous UAV. These interfaces are designed for searching tasks

Goodrich, Michael A.

419

Per-Unit Royalty vs Fixed Fee: The Case of Weak Patents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Per-Unit Royalty vs Fixed Fee: The Case of Weak Patents Rabah Amiry David Encaouaz Yassine a per-unit royalty or a ...xed fee when her innovation is covered by a weak patent, i.e. a patent of competition is not speci...ed, we show that the patent holder prefers to use a per-unit royalty scheme

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

420

VaR Constrained Hedging of Fixed Price Load-Following Obligations in Competitive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VaR Constrained Hedging of Fixed Price Load-Following Obligations in Competitive Electricity , and marketers at the prices determined by supply and demand equilibrium. Electricity mar- ket participants are exposed to risks in their net earnings due to uncertain wholesale market prices. Electricity market prices

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed car bon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Thermodynamics in 2+1 flavor QCD with improved Wilson quarks by the fixed scale approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study thermodynamic properties of 2+1 flavor QCD with improved Wilson quarks coupled with the RG improved Iwasaki glue, using the fixed scale approach. We present the results for the equation of state, renormalized Polyakov loop, and chiral condensate.

T. Umeda; S. Aoki; S. Ejiri; T. Hatsuda; K. Kanaya; Y. Maezawa; H. Ohno

2012-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

422

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: RETHINKING STANDBY & FIXED COST CHARGES REGULATORY & RATE DESIGN PATHWAYS TO DEEPER SOLAR PV COST  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be recovered through variable, volume-based charges per kilowatt-hour (kWh). At the same time, however, someEXECUTIVE SUMMARY: RETHINKING STANDBY & FIXED COST CHARGES REGULATORY & RATE DESIGN PATHWAYS TO DEEPER SOLAR PV COST REDUCTIONS The Current Terrain In recent years, electric utilities have experienced

423

Basins of attraction in quadratic dynamical systems with a Jordan fixed point Marco Abate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Basins of attraction in quadratic dynamical systems with a Jordan fixed point Marco Abate Fax: +39/06/7259­4699 e­mail: abate@mat.uniroma2.it Abstract In this note we study the dynamics to the exceptional divisor and thus it can be projected down #12; 2 Marco Abate producing a parabolic curve

Roma Tor Vergata, UniversitĂ  di

424

FIX COPY ORNL/Sub/84-00205/1 SEROEDGEY EQVE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FIX COPY ORNL/Sub/84-00205/1 SEROEDGEY EQVE C= Status of Free Piston Stirling Engine Driven Heat STIRLING ENGINE DRIVEN HEAT PUMPS-DEVELOPMENT, ISSUES, AND OPTIONS FINAL REPORT Date Published- April 1986 the results of a program to review the recent experience with free piston Stirling engine (FPSE) driven beat

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

425

Joint Turbo Equalization and Channel Estimation with Fixed-Lag Extended Kalman Filtering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joint Turbo Equalization and Channel Estimation with Fixed-Lag Extended Kalman Filtering Xin Li turbo equalization receiver for data transmission over time-varying frequency-selective fading channels with different types of turbo equalizers demonstrates the advantage of the proposed turbo equalizer. I

Wong, Tan F.

426

Avoiding, Finding and Fixing Spreadsheet Errors -A Survey of Automated Approaches for Spreadsheet QA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reviews and audits, to better tool support for the user during the spreadsheet development processAvoiding, Finding and Fixing Spreadsheet Errors - A Survey of Automated Approaches for Spreadsheet Graz, Austria Abstract Spreadsheet programs can be found everywhere in organizations and they are used

Jannach, Dietmar

427

Optimization of a Fixed Spraying System for Commercial High-Density Apple Plantings Final Report 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization of a Fixed Spraying System for Commercial High-Density Apple Plantings Final Report and fruit coverage issues are a research priority in tree fruits and apples in particular. Preliminary Work. Preliminary trials were conducted in two blocks each of Red Delicious and Empire apples on M.9 dwarfing stock

Agnello, Arthur M.

428

Effects of sea severity on wave-overtopping for FPSO fixed in head seas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A series of experiments applying regular linear, nonlinear waves (Stokes 5th order-like) and random waves on a fixed FPSO model were performed in the wave-flume tank. Statistical information was gathered for wave overtopping of extreme waves...

Bakrawala, Murtaza A.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

A Fixed Point Analysis of a Gene Pool GA with Mutation Alden H. Wright #  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Fixed Point Analysis of a Gene Pool GA with Mutation Alden H. Wright # Computer Science University of Montana USA wright@cs.umt.edu 44 121 414 2793 Jonathan E. Rowe Computer Science University Alden Wright was visiting the School of Computer Science, University of Birmingham, UK, supported

Wright, Alden H.

430

A Fixed Point Analysis of a Gene Pool GA with Mutation Alden H. Wright  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Fixed Point Analysis of a Gene Pool GA with Mutation Alden H. Wright Computer Science Department University of Montana, USA wright@cs.umt.edu Jonathan E. Rowe School of Computer Science The University is to move the population closer to This paper was written while Alden Wright was visiting the School

Poli, Riccardo

431

An Evaluation of the Effects of Fixed-Time Schedules on Response Maintenance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

it is currently unclear as to what mechanisms are responsible for this maintenance. The purposes of the current study were to (a) replicate previous research showing that responding will maintain under fixed-time (FT) schedules after a history of response...

Payne, Steven Wade

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

432

Cyclic Testing of Concrete-Filled Circular Steel Bridge Piers having Encased Fixed-Based Detail  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cyclic Testing of Concrete-Filled Circular Steel Bridge Piers having Encased Fixed-Based Detail elements during earthquakes, this paper reports on cyclic inelastic tests executed to determine the maximum strength and ductility of four concrete-filled circular steel piers joined to a foundation detail proposed

Bruneau, Michel

433

Robust STATCOM control for the stabilisation of fixed-speed wind turbines during low voltages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and rotor- speed instability and more so if the wind turbine is connected to a weak grid. To prevent is still being produced by squirrel-cage induction generators (SCIGs) which are directly connected to the grid and operate at an almost fixed-speed [3]. They are advantageous as wind generators for their low

Pota, Himanshu Roy

434

First XMM-Newton observations of a cataclysmic variable II: the X-ray spectrum of OY Car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present XMM-Newton X-ray spectra of the disc accreting cataclysmic variable OY Car, which were obtained during the performance verification phase of the mission. These data were taken 4 days after a short outburst. In the EPIC spectra we find strong iron Kalpha emission with weaker iron Kbeta emission together with silicon and sulphur lines. The spectra are best fitted with a three temperature plasma model with a partial covering absorber. Multiple temperature emission is confirmed by the emission lines seen in the RGS spectrum and the H/He like intensity ratio for iron and sulphur which imply temperatures of ~7keV and ~3keV respectively.

Gavin Ramsay; France Cordova; Jean Cottam; Keith Mason; Rudi Much; Julian Osborne; Dirk Pandel; Tracey Poole; Peter Wheatley

2000-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

435

The angular size of the Cepheid L Car: a comparison of the interferometric and surface brightness techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent interferometric observations of the brightest and angularly largest classical Cepheid, L Carinae, with ESO's VLT Interferometer (VLTI) have resolved with high precision the variation of its angular diameter with phase. We compare the measured angular diameter curve to the one we derive by an application of the Baade-Wesselink type infrared surface brightness technique, and find a near-perfect agreement between the two curves. The mean angular diameters of L Car from the two techniques agree very well within their total error bars (1.5 %), as do the derived distances (4 %). This result is an indication that the calibration of the surface brightness relations used in the distance determination of far away Cepheids is not affected by large biases.

P. Kervella; P. Fouque; J. Storm; W. P. Gieren; D. Bersier; D. Mourard; N. Nardetto; V. Coude du Foresto

2004-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

436

Structural aspects of the solvation shell of lysine and acetylated lysine: A Car-Parrinello and classical molecular dynamics investigation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lysine acetylation is a post-translational modification, which modulates the affinity of protein-protein and/or protein-DNA complexes. Its crucial role as a switch in signaling pathways highlights the relevance of charged chemical groups in determining the interactions between water and biomolecules. A great effort has been recently devoted to assess the reliability of classical molecular dynamics simulations in describing the solvation properties of charged moieties. In the spirit of these investigations, we performed classical and Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics simulations on lysine and acetylated-lysine in aqueous solution. A comparative analysis between the two computational schemes is presented with a focus on the first solvation shell of the charged groups. An accurate structural analysis unveils subtle, yet statistically significant, differences which are discussed in connection to the significant electronic density charge transfer occurring between the solute and the surrounding water molecules.

Carnevale, V. [Department of Chemistry, Center for Molecular Modeling, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 19104-6323 (United States); Raugei, S. [International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA) and CNR-INFM Democritos, Via Beirut 2, Trieste I-34014 Italy, Trieste (Italy)

2009-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

437

[1] P. Schwarzkopf, R. Kieffer, Refractory Hard Metals: Borides, Car-bides, Nitrides and Silicides, MacMillan, New York 1953.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

± [1] P. Schwarzkopf, R. Kieffer, Refractory Hard Metals: Borides, Car- bides, Nitrides and Silicides, MacMillan, New York 1953. [2] E. Fryt, Solid State Ionics 1997, 101±103, 437. [3] N. Durlu, J. Metal catalysts, such as gold[1,4,8] and tin[5,9,10] have been employed in the synthesis to align

Wang, Zhong L.

438

Testimony to the United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources POLICIES TO INCREASE PASSENGER CAR AND LIGHT TRUCK FUEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TO INCREASE PASSENGER CAR AND LIGHT TRUCK FUEL ECONOMY 2:30 pm, Tuesday, January 30, 2007 Dirksen Senate to formulate effective policies to significantly increase motor vehicle fuel economy. The views I express today to supply the world's growing demand for liquid fuels. Why do we need fuel economy policy? For too long we

439

Since 1975, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since 1975, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards, established during the energy crises of the 1970s. Calls to increase fuel economy are usually met by a fierce debate on the effectiveness of the CAFE standards

440

Solar Powered Commuter Vehicle Sponsored by: Andy Schoenberg, Ph.D. of SunzeeCar LLC. ; Advisor: Kent Udell, Ph. D.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an optimal speed of 40 mph. Thep p p graph below depicts the power usage over timeg p p p g for a single stop the system without Regenerative Braking · Convert an Average of 50% of Kineticg Energy Back into Electrical Energy · Increase the Range from 30 miles to 40g miles. (10 mile increase) Testing:g The car was driven

Provancher, William

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed car bon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Keystone XL I DRIVE A HYBRID CAR AND SET MY THERMOSTAT AT 80F IN THE WASHINGTON, DC, SUMMER. I USE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the Keystone XL pipeline to transport crude oil from the tar sands deposits of Alberta, Canada, and from energy future. Opponents of Keystone XL have been right to contest construction of the pipeline with- outKeystone XL I DRIVE A HYBRID CAR AND SET MY THERMOSTAT AT 80°F IN THE WASHINGTON, DC, SUMMER. I USE

Wilson, Mark A.

442

WORD PROBLEMS 1. Suppose your car gets 25 miles per gallon of gasoline and the price of gas is $3.50 per gallon. Write  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WORD PROBLEMS 1. Suppose your car gets 25 miles per gallon of gasoline and the price of gas is $3.50 per gallon. Write your monthly gasoline cost C in terms of the distance D that you travel each month

Koban, Nic

443

KRT Wire | 07/19/2004 | 'Wonderbug' changes waste into power News | Business | Sports | Entertainment | Living/FYI | Classifieds | Jobs | Cars | Homes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lovely, a microbiologist at the University of Massachusetts, discovered Geobacter, a class of bacteria. 'Wonderbug' changes waste into power By ROBERT S. BOYD Knight Ridder Newspapers WASHINGTON - Geobacter, generate electricity from rust and garbage, and even run a toy car. It's a lot to expect from an invisible

Lovley, Derek

444

I want to construct a train of total length 12 units using cars which are either 1 unit long or 2 units long. The question is,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trains I want to construct a train of total length 12 units using cars which are either 1 unit long or 2 units long. The question is, how many different trains are there? For example, here is one in trains of length 12 as in trains of any length n. That is we want to discover the relationship be- tween

McCann, Robert J.

445

ake out a loan for a car or a house, and there is all man-ner of independent, reliable information to tell the lender  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ake out a loan for a car or a house, and there is all man- ner of independent, reliable information to tell the lender how much your purchase should be worth. Go looking for money to put up solar panels known; in fact, the operational efficiency and affordability of solar power has never been better

Petriu, Emil M.

446

>300GHz Fixed-Frequency and Voltage-Controlled Fundamental Oscillators in an InP DHBT Process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

>300GHz Fixed-Frequency and Voltage-Controlled Fundamental Oscillators in an InP DHBT Process, 93106, USA Abstract -- We report fundamental fixed-frequency and voltage-controlled oscillators bandwidth. Index Terms -- Millimeter-wave oscillators, voltage-controlled oscillators, MMIC oscillators. I

Rodwell, Mark J. W.

447

Fixed-bed gasification research using US coals. Volume 9. Gasification of Elkhorn bituminous coal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A single-staged, fixed-bed Wellman-Galusha gasifier coupled with a hot, raw gas combustion system and scrubber has been used to gasify numerous coals from throughout the United States. The gasification test program is organized as a cooperative effort by private industrial participants and governmental agencies. The consortium of participants is organized under the Mining and Industrial Fuel Gas (MIFGa) group. This report is the ninth volume in a series of reports describing the atmospheric pressure, fixed-bed gasification of US coals. This specific report describes the gasification of Elkhorn bituminous coal. The period of gasificastion test was September 13 to October 12, 1983. 9 refs., 24 figs., 35 tabs.

Thimsen, D.; Maurer, R.E.; Pooler, A.R.; Pui, D.; Liu, B.; Kittelson, D.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Fixed-bed gasification research using US coals. Volume 7. Gasification of Piney Tipple bituminous coal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A single-staged, fixed-bed Wellman-Galusha gasifier coupled with a hot, raw gas combustion system and scrubber has been used to gasify numerous coals from throughout the United States. The gasification test program is organized as a cooperative effort by private industrial participants and governmental agencies. The consortium of participants is organized under the Mining and Industrial Fuel Gas (MIFGa) Group. This report is the seventh volume in a series of reports describing the atmospheric pressure, fixed-bed gasification of US coals. This specific report describes the gasification of Piney Tipple bituminous coal. The period of the gasification test was July 18-24, 1983. 6 refs., 20 figs., 17 tabs.

Thimsen, D.; Maurer, R.E.; Pooler, A.R.; Pui, D.; Liu, B.; Kittelson, D.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

The Barbero connection and its relation to the histories connection formalism without gauge fixing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a histories version of the connection formalism of general relativity. Such an approach introduces a spacetime description--a characteristic feature of the histories approach--and we discuss the extent to which the usual loop variables are compatible with a spacetime description. In particular, we discuss the definability of the Barbero connection without any gauge fixing. Although it is not the pullback of a spacetime connection onto the three-surface and it does not have a natural spacetime interpretation, this does not mean that the Barbero connection is not suitable variable for quantisation; it appears naturally in the formalism even in absence of gauge fixing. It may be employed therefore, to define loop variables similar to those employed in loop quantum gravity. However, the loop algebra would have to be augmented by the introduction of additional variables.

Ntina Savvidou

2006-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

450

One-parameter semigroups of analytic functions, fixed points and the Koenigs function  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analogues of the Berkson-Porta formula for the infinitesimal generator of a one-parameter semigroup of holomorphic maps of the unit disc into itself are obtained in the case when, along with a Denjoy-Wolff point, there also exist other fixed points. With each one-parameter semigroup a so-called Koenigs function is associated, which is a solution, common for all elements of the one-parameter semigroup, of a certain functional equation (Schroeder's equation in the case of an interior Denjoy-Wolff point and Abel's equation in the case of a boundary Denjoy-Wolff point). A parametric representation for classes of Koenigs functions that takes account of the Denjoy-Wolff point and other fixed points of the maps in the one-parameter semigroup is presented. Bibliography: 19 titles.

Goryainov, Victor V; Kudryavtseva, Olga S [Volzhsky Institute of Humanities, Volgograd Region, Volzhsky (Russian Federation)

2011-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

451

Solar tracker motor having a fixed caliper and a translating caliper each with an electromagnetic brake system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Concepts and technologies described herein provide for an accurate and cost-effective method for rotating a solar array disk for tracking the movement of the sun. According to various aspects, a motor includes a fixed caliper and a translating caliper positioned adjacent to one another. Electromagnetically controlled brakes on the translating caliper grip the solar array disk while adjacent, but spaced apart, electromagnets on the fixed caliper and the translating caliper are energized to create an attractive force that pulls the translating caliper with the solar array disk toward the fixed caliper. After reaching the fixed caliper, brakes on the fixed caliper are engaged with the disk, brakes on the translating caliper are released from the disk, and the translating caliper is pushed back to the starting location where the process repeats until the desired rotation is completed.

Rau, Scott James

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

452

Continuous Profiles of Cloud Microphysical Properties for the Fixed Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Sites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program defined a specific metric for the third quarter of Fiscal Year 2006 to produce and refine a one-year continuous time series of cloud microphysical properties based on cloud radar measurements for each of the fixed ARM sites. To accomplish this metric, we used a combination of recently developed algorithms that interpret radar reflectivity profiles, lidar backscatter profiles, and microwave brightness temperatures into the context of the underlying cloud microphysical structure.

Jensen, M; Jensen, K

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

A non-equilibrium model for fixed-bed multi-component adiabatic adsorption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to enter the bed. Solutions along a z ~ constant char- acteristic are the history of the. volumn element of the bed located a s constant, This physical interpretat1on is a physical approximation of the real world where adsorber discontinuities... 1 3. 3. 2 3e3e3 3. 3. 4 3. 3. 5 Solution of the multi-component adiabatic adsorption equation, . ~ ~ ~ Fluid phase equations. Fixed-bed solid phase equations. , ~ Construction of the solution surface by stepwise integra- tion...

Harwell, Jeffrey Harry

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Analysis of the Newton-Sabatier scheme for inverting fixed-energy phase shifts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is proved that the Newton-Sabatier (NS) procedure does not solve the inverse scattering problem with fixed-energy data and is not a valid inversion method, in the following sense: 1) the basic integral equation, introduced by R. Newton without derivation, in general, may be not solvable for some $r>0$, and in this case NS procedure breaks down: it produces a potential which is not locally integrable. 2) the ansatz $(\\ast)$ $K(r,s) = \\sum^\\infty_{l=0} c_l \\phi_l (r) u_l (s)$, used by R. Newton, is incorrect: the transformation operator $I-K$, corresponding to a generic does not have $K$ of the form $(\\ast),$ and 3) the set of potentials $q \\in L_{1,1},$ that can possibly be obtained by NS procedure, is not dense in the set of all $L_{1,1}$ potentials in the norm of $L_{1,1}$. Therefore one cannot justify NS procedure even for approximate solution of the inverse scattering problem with fixed-energy phase shifts as data. Thus, the NS procedure, if considered as a method for solving the inverse scattering problem, is based on an incorrect ansatz, the basic integral equation of NS procedure is, in general, not solvable for some $r>0$, and in this case this procedure breaks down, and NS procedure is not an inversion theory: it cannot recover generic potentials $q \\in L_{1,1}$ from their fixed-energy phase shifts. Suppose now that one considers another problem: given fixed-energy phase shifts, corresponding to some potential, find a potential which generates the same phase shifts. Then NS procedure does not solve this problem either: the basic integral equation, in general, may be not solvable for some $r>0$, and then NS procedure breaks down.

A. G. Ramm

2001-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

455

Fixed time artificial insemination of sheep using cervical and intrauterine insemination techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as to style and content by: Cha r, Advssory Comm ttee o ttee e er ttee Member Comm ttee Member August 1992 ABSTRACT The objectives of this study are to: 1) compare pregnancy rates of ewes artificially inseminated either at a fixed time or after... the onset of an observed estrus as determined by marker rams, 2) compare pregnancy rates of ewes artificially inseminated by either cervical or laparoscopic methods, 3) compare pregnancy rates of ewes artificially inseminated with different inseminate...

Bell, James H

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Simulation of Fischer-Tropsch Fixed-Bed Reactor in Different Reaction Media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-phase FTS in fixed-bed reactor as the liquid phase provides an optimum medium for the highly exothermic reaction due to its heat capacity and density [4]. Besides its excellent temperature control, this medium facilitates the in-situ extraction of heavy...] ( ) Co/MgO/SiO2 [20] ( ) Co/kieselguhr [21] ( ) Co/Al2O3 [22] 1.2.2 Commercial Scale Fischer-Tropsch Reactors FTS is an extremely exothermic process, which...

Bani Nasser, Laial Ahmad

2013-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

457

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/FixedDemandChargeMonth8 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscotInformation Max Jump to: navigation,Information FixedDemandChargeMonth8

458

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/FixedMonthlyCharge | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscotInformation Max Jump to: navigation,InformationFixedMonthlyCharge Jump

459

Comparison of fixed asymmetrical and symmetrical reflectors for evacuated tube solar receivers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A computer simulation of the relative performance of certain truncated symmetrical and asymmetrical fixed reflector designs for solar energy collection was performed. The comparison was on the basis of annual energy delivered to a circular cylindrical evacuated tube receiver per unit of mirror area, but seasonal load information was also included to determine possible seasonal load matching advantages of one type of collector over another when storage is employed. Circumsolar radiation models based on recent correlations in the literature was included. Major conclusions were that: (1) Annual solar fractions of between 80% and 95% seem to be feasible with a load matching collector used with moderate energy storage, with 80-90% being a likely optimum; (2) CPC reflectors always gave the best annual output performance per unit of mirror area, and the lowest receiver area for situations of constant annual load, regardless of whether the storage is included in the system; (3) Asymmetrical concentrator are more cost-effective for strongly seasonally asymmetrical load patterns; (4) Fixed parabolic systems required much more receiver area than the symmetrical CPC and asymmetrical system investigated; (5) Concentration levels utilizable in fixed systems are higher than previously supposed, with 3.5:1 in an asymmetrical reflector being optimal or nearly optimal for the domestic load pattern used in the study; (6) Using a load matched reflector, the amount of storage required to achieve solar fractions of total thermal energy (space heating, water heating, clothes drying) above 90% in a residence appears to be much lower than previously thought.

Mills, D.R.; Monger, A. (Univ. of Sydney (Australia)); Morrison, G.L. (Univ. of New South Wales, Sydney (Australia))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

In-situ X-ray diffraction system using sources and detectors at fixed angular positions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An x-ray diffraction technique for measuring a known characteristic of a sample of a material in an in-situ state. The technique includes using an x-ray source for emitting substantially divergent x-ray radiation--with a collimating optic disposed with respect to the fixed source for producing a substantially parallel beam of x-ray radiation by receiving and redirecting the divergent paths of the divergent x-ray radiation. A first x-ray detector collects radiation diffracted from the sample; wherein the source and detector are fixed, during operation thereof, in position relative to each other and in at least one dimension relative to the sample according to a-priori knowledge about the known characteristic of the sample. A second x-ray detector may be fixed relative to the first x-ray detector according to the a-priori knowledge about the known characteristic of the sample, especially in a phase monitoring embodiment of the present invention.

Gibson, David M. (Voorheesville, NY); Gibson, Walter M. (Voorheesville, NY); Huang, Huapeng (Latham, NY)

2007-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed car bon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

A HYDROGEN ECONOMY MATTVINCENTILLUSTRATION;JOERAEDLEGettyImages(photograph)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consumption and car- bon dioxide emissions. To make deeper cuts, the transportation sector needs to switch power sources for transportation is perhaps the tricki- est piece of the energy puzzle. The dif- ficulty and governments support mass transit and smart-growth strategies that lessen the public's reliance on cars

Kammen, Daniel M.

462

Role of the nuclear xenobiotic receptors CAR and PXR in induction of cytochromes P450 by non-dioxinlike polychlorinated biphenyls in cultured rat hepatocytes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are among the most ubiquitously detectable ‘persistent organic pollutants’. In contrast to ‘dioxinlike’ (DL) PCBs, less is known about the molecular mode of action of the larger group of the ‘non-dioxinlike’ (NDL) PCBs. Owing to the life-long exposure of the human population, a carcinogenic, i.e., tumor-promoting potency of NDL-PCBs has to be considered in human risk assessment. A major problem in risk assessment of NDL-PCBs is dioxin-like impurities that can occur in commercially available NDL-PCB standards. In the present study, we analyzed the induction of CYP2B1 and CYP3A1 in primary rat hepatocytes using a number of highly purified NDL-PCBs with various degrees of chlorination and substitution patterns. Induction of these enzymes is mediated by the nuclear xenobiotic receptors CAR (Constitutive androstane receptor) and PXR (Pregnane X receptor). For CYP2B1 induction, concentration–response analysis revealed a very narrow window of EC{sub 50} estimates, being in the range of 1–4 ?M for PCBs 28 and 52, and between 0.4 and 1 ?M for PCBs 101, 138, 153 and 180. CYP3A1 induction was less sensitive to NDL-PCBs, the most pronounced induction being achieved at 100 ?M with the higher chlorinated congeners. Using okadaic acid and small interfering RNAs targeting CAR and PXR, we could demonstrate that CAR plays a major role and PXR a minor role in NDL-PCB-driven induction of CYPs, both effects showing no stringent structure–activity relationship. As the only obvious relevant determinant, the degree of chlorination was found to be positively correlated with the inducing potency of the congeners. - Highlights: • We analyzed six highly purified NDL-PCBs for CYP2B1 and CYP3A1 expression. • CAR plays a major, PXR a minor role in NDL-PCB-driven induction of CYPs. • The degree of chlorination seems to be the major parameter for the inducing potency. • There exists a competition between CAR and PXR. • Activated PXR may antagonize CAR binding to the CYP2B1 promoter.

Gährs, Maike; Roos, Robert [University of Kaiserslautern, Food Chemistry and Toxicology, Erwin-Schroedinger-Str. 52, D-67663 Kaiserslautern (Germany); Andersson, Patrik L. [Umeĺ University, Department of Chemistry, Linnaeus väg 6, SE-901 87 Umeĺ (Sweden); Schrenk, Dieter, E-mail: schrenk@rhrk.uni-kl.de [University of Kaiserslautern, Food Chemistry and Toxicology, Erwin-Schroedinger-Str. 52, D-67663 Kaiserslautern (Germany)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Coordination and Hydrolysis of Plutonium Ions in Aqueous Solution using Car-Parrinello Molecular Dynamics Free Energy Simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics (CPMD) simulations have been used to examine the hydration structures, coordination energetics and the first hydrolysis constants of Pu3+, Pu4+, PuO2+ and PuO22+ ions in aqueous solution at 300 K. The coordination numbers and structural properties of the first shell of these ions are in good agreement with available experimental estimates. The hexavalent PuO22+ species is coordinated to 5 aquo ligands while the pentavalent PuO2+ complex is coordinated to 4 aquo ligands. The Pu3+ and Pu4+ ions are both coordinated to 8 water molecules. The first hydrolysis constants obtained for Pu3+ and PuO22+ are 6.65 and 5.70 respectively, all within 0.3 pH units of the experimental values (6.90 and 5.50 respectively). The hydrolysis constant of Pu4+, 0.17, disagrees with the value of -0.60 in the most recent update of the Nuclear Energy Agency Thermochemical Database (NEA-TDB) but supports recent experimental findings. The hydrolysis constant of PuO2+, 9.51, supports the experimental results of Bennett et al. (Radiochim. Act. 1992, 56, 15). A correlation between the pKa of the first hydrolysis reaction and the effective charge of the plutonium center was found.

Odoh, Samuel O.; Bylaska, Eric J.; De Jong, Wibe A.

2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

464

Freedom car and vehicle technologies heavy vehicle program : FY 2007 benefits analysis, methodology and results -- final report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the approach to estimating the benefits and analysis results for the Heavy Vehicle Technologies activities of the FreedomCar and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) Program of EERE. The scope of the effort includes: (1) Characterizing baseline and advanced technology vehicles for Class 3-6 and Class 7 and 8 trucks, (2) Identifying technology goals associated with the DOE EERE programs, (3) Estimating the market potential of technologies that improve fuel efficiency and/or use alternative fuels, (4) Determining the petroleum and greenhouse gas emissions reductions associated with the advanced technologies. In FY 05 the Heavy Vehicles program activity expanded its technical involvement to more broadly address various sources of energy loss as compared to focusing more narrowly on engine efficiency and alternative fuels. This broadening of focus has continued in subsequent activities. These changes are the result of a planning effort that occurred during FY 04 and 05. (Ref. 1) This narrative describes characteristics of the heavy truck market as they relate to the analysis, a description of the analysis methodology (including a discussion of the models used to estimate market potential and benefits), and a presentation of the benefits estimated as a result of the adoption of the advanced technologies. The market penetrations are used as part of the EERE-wide integrated analysis to provide final benefit estimates reported in the FY07 Budget Request. The energy savings models are utilized by the FCVT program for internal project management purposes.

SIngh, M.; Energy Systems; TA Engineering

2008-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

465

FreedomCAR and vehicle technologies heavy vehicle program FY 2006. Benefits analysis : methodology and results - final report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the approach to estimating benefits and the analysis results for the Heavy Vehicle Technologies activities of the Freedom Car and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) Program of EERE. The scope of the effort includes: (1) Characterizing baseline and advanced technology vehicles for Class 3-6 and Class 7 and 8 trucks, (2) Identification of technology goals associated with the DOE EERE programs, (3) Estimating the market potential of technologies that improve fuel efficiency and/or use alternative fuels, (4) Determining the petroleum and greenhouse gas emissions reductions associated with the advanced technologies. In FY 05 the Heavy Vehicles program activity expanded its technical involvement to more broadly address various sources of energy loss as compared to focusing more narrowly on engine efficiency and alternative fuels. This broadening of focus has continued in the activities planned for FY 06. These changes are the result of a planning effort that occurred during FY 04 and 05. (Ref. 1) This narrative describes characteristics of the heavy truck market as they relate to the analysis, a description of the analysis methodology (including a discussion of the models used to estimate market potential and benefits), and a presentation of the benefits estimated as a result of the adoption of the advanced technologies. These benefits estimates, along with market penetrations and other results, are then modeled as part of the EERE-wide integrated analysis to provide final benefit estimates reported in the FY06 Budget Request.

Singh, M.; Energy Systems; TA Engineering, Inc.

2006-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

466

Performance consequences of alternating directional control-response compatibility: Evidence from a coal mine shuttle car simulator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This experiment examines the performance of 48 novice participants in a virtual analogy of an underground coal mine shuttle car. Participants were randomly assigned to a compatible condition, an incompatible condition, an alternating condition in which compatibility alternated within and between hands, or an alternating condition in which compatibility alternated between hands. Participants made fewer steering direction errors and made correct steering responses more quickly in the compatible condition. Error rate decreased over time in the incompatible condition. A compatibility effect for both errors and reaction time was also found when the control-response relationship alternated; however, performance improvements over time were not consistent. Isolating compatibility to a hand resulted in reduced error rate and faster reaction time than when compatibility alternated within and between hands. Thus consequences of alternating control-response relationships are higher error rates and slower responses, at least in the early stages of learning. This research highlights the importance of ensuring consistently compatible human-machine directional control-response relationships.

Zupanc, C.M.; Burgess-Limerick, R.J.; Wallis, G. [University of Queensland, St Lucia, Qld. (Australia)

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

467

Car–Parrinello molecular dynamics in the DFT + U formalism: Structure and energetics of solvated ferrous and ferric ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The research described in this product was performed in part in the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, a national scientific user facility sponsored by the Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research and located at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. We implemented a rotationally-invariant Hubbard U extension to density-functional theory in the Car–Parrinello molecular dynamics framework, with the goal of bringing the accuracy of the DFT + U approach to finite-temperature simulations, especially for liquids or solids containing transition-metal ions. First, we studied the effects on the Hubbard U on the static equilibrium structure of the hexaaqua ferrous and ferric ions, and the inner-sphere reorganization energy for the electron-transfer reaction between aqueous ferrous and ferric ions. It is found that the reorganization energy is increased, mostly as a result of the Fe–O distance elongation in the hexa-aqua ferrous ion. Second, we performed a first-principles molecular dynamics study of the solvation structure of the two aqueous ferrous and ferric ions. The Hubbard term is found to change the Fe–O radial distribution function for the ferrous ion, while having a negligible effect on the aqueous ferric ion. Moreover, the frequencies of vibrations between Fe and oxygen atoms in the first-solvation shell are shown to be unaffected by the Hubbard corrections for both ferrous and ferric ions.

Sit, P H L.; Cococcioni, Matteo; Marzari, Nicola N.

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

XMM-Newton observations of OY Car III: OM light curve modelling, X-ray timing and spectral studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We revisit the XMM-Newton observations of the dwarf nova OY Car taken in July 2000 which occured shortly after an outburst. Ramsay et al (2001a) found a prominent energy dependent modulation at a period of 2240 sec: this modulation was only seen for app. 1/3 of the observation duration. In our new analysis, we examine this time interval in greater detail. In addition to the 2240 sec period we find evidence for other periods, the most prominent being near 3500 sec. Both these modulations are most likely due to changes in photoelectric absorption over this period: this is supported by phase-resolved spectroscopy. This may indicate the presence of matter above the accretion disc or a presence of a magnetic accretion curtain. In this case the 2240 sec period could represent a spin period of the white dwarf and the 3500 sec period a beat period between the spin and orbital periods. We also model the B band and UV eclipse profiles and light curves using a new technique to map the spatial extent of the accretion disc. As a result we find that whilst the optical emission is dominated by both the emission close to the accretion disc boundary layer and the hot spot where the accretion stream hits the disc, the UV emission is mainly dominated by the inner disc/boundary layer only.

Pasi Hakala; Gavin Ramsay

2003-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

469

Structure and energetics of solvated ferrous and ferric ions: Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics in the DFT+U formalism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We implemented a rotationally-invariant Hubbard U extension to density-functional theory in the Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics framework, with the goal of bringing the accuracy of the DFT+U approach to finite-temperature simulations, especially for liquids or solids containing transition-metal ions. First, we studied the effects on the Hubbard U on the static equilibrium structure of the hexa-aqua ferrous and ferric ions, and the inner-sphere reorganization energy for the electron-transfer reaction between aqueous ferrous and ferric ions. It is found that the reorganization energy is increased, mostly as a result of the Fe-O distance elongation in the hexa-aqua ferrous ion. Second, we performed a first-principles molecular dynamics study of the solvation structure of the two aqueous ferrous and ferric ions. The Hubbard term is found to change the Fe-O radial distribution function for the ferrous ion, while having a negligible effect on the aqueous ferric ion. Moreover, the frequencies of vibrations between Fe and oxygen atoms in the first-solvation shell are shown to be unaffected by the Hubbard corrections for both ferrous and ferric ions.

P. H. -L. Sit; Matteo Cococcioni; Nicola Marzari

2007-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

470

Two-stage fixed-bed gasifier with selectable middle gas off-take point  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A two-stage fixed bed coal gasifier wherein an annular region is in registry with a gasification zone underlying a devolatilization zone for extracting a side stream of high temperature substantially tar-free gas from the gasifier. A vertically displaceable skirt means is positioned within the gasifier to define the lower portion of the annular region so that vertical displacement of the skirt means positions the inlet into the annular region in a selected location within or in close proximity to the gasification zone for providing a positive control over the composition of the side stream gas.

Strickland, Larry D. (Morgantown, WV); Bissett, Larry A. (Morgantown, WV)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Does Electricity (and Heat) Network Regulation have anything to learn from Fixed Line Telecoms?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

 customers. It is in this context that fixed line  telecoms deregulation becomes of interest. Indeed energy network deregulation and telecoms  deregulation may indeed be technologically related by the fact that micro?grid or ‘island’ power and  heat systems might rely...  usually (but not always) different from the sort of  energy service driven investments that this paper envisages, where independent networks may arise  as part of the optimal asset configuration of a new entrant supply company (e.g. a local energy  service company based on a local combined heat and power...

Pollitt, Michael G.

472

Development of a fixed abrasive slicing technique (FAST) for reducing the cost of photovoltaic wafers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report examines a wafer slicing technique developed by Crystal Systems, Inc. that reduces the cost of photovoltaic wafers. This fixed, abrasive slicing technique (FAST) uses a multiwire bladepack and a diamond-plated wirepack; water is the coolant. FAST is in the prototype production stage and reduces expendable material costs while retaining the advantages of a multiwire slurry technique. The cost analysis revealed that costs can be decreased by making more cuts per bladepack and slicing more wafers per linear inch. Researchers studied the degradation of bladepacks and increased wirepack life. 21 refs.

Schmid, F. (Crystal Systems, Inc., Salem, MA (United States))

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Many-body state engineering using measurements and fixed unitary dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop a scheme to prepare a desired state or subspace in high-dimensional Hilbert-spaces using repeated applications of a single static projection operator onto the desired target and fixed unitary dynamics. Benchmarks against other control schemes, performed on generic Hamiltonians and on Bose-Hubbard systems, establish the competitiveness of the method. As a concrete application of the control of mesoscopic atomic samples in optical lattices we demonstrate the near deterministic preparation of Schr\\"{o}dinger cat states of all atoms residing on either the odd or the even sites.

Mads Kock Pedersen; Jens Jakob W. H. Sřrensen; Malte C. Tichy; Jacob F. Sherson

2014-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

474

Preparation of a primary argon beam for the CERN fixed target physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The fixed target experiment NA61 in the North Area of the Super Proton Synchrotron is studying phase transitions in strongly interacting matter. Up to now they used the primary beams available from the CERN accelerator complex (protons and lead ions) or fragmented beams created from the primary lead ion beam. To explore a wider range of energies and densities a request was made to provide primary argon and xenon beams. This paper describes the results of the setting up and 10 week test run of the Ar{sup 11+} beam from the 14.5 GHz ECR ion source and the linear accelerator (Linac3) at CERN.

Küchler, D., E-mail: detlef.kuchler@cern.ch; O’Neil, M.; Scrivens, R. [CERN, BE Department, 1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)] [CERN, BE Department, 1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Thomae, R. [iThemba LABS, P.O. Box 722, Somerset West 7130 (South Africa)] [iThemba LABS, P.O. Box 722, Somerset West 7130 (South Africa)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

475

Thermodynamics of a field theory with an infrared fixed point from gauge/gravity duality  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We use gauge/gravity duality to study the thermodynamics of a field theory with asymptotic freedom in the ultraviolet and a fixed point in the infrared. We find a high temperature quark-gluon phase and a low T conformal unparticle phase. The phase transition between the phases is of first order or continuous, depending on the ratio of the radii of asymptotic anti-de Sitter spaces at T=0 and T={infinity}. This is a prediction from a model of gauge/gravity duality, not yet verified on the field theory side.

Alanen, J.; Kajantie, K. [Department of Physics, Post Office Box 64, FI-00014 University of Helsinki (Finland); Helsinki Institute of Physics, Post Office Box 64, FI-00014 University of Helsinki (Finland)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

476

On the continuum limit of gauge-fixed compact U(1) lattice gauge theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the continuum limit of a compact formulation of the lattice U(1) gauge theory in 4 dimensions using a nonperturbative gauge-fixed regularization. We find clear evidence of a continuous phase transition in the pure gauge theory for all values of the gauge coupling (with gauge symmetry restored). When probed with quenched staggered fermions with U(1) charge, the theory clearly has a chiral transition for large gauge couplings. We identify the only possible region in the parameter space where a continuum limit with nonperturbative physics may appear.

Subhasish Basak; Asit K De; Tilak Sinha

2003-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

477

The fixed structurally robust internal model principle for linear multivariable regulators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

)]~ = 0 where all the poles must be within C . The property described by (6) is defined as loop stability, Note that loop s . ability does not guarantee internal stability since un'table canoelle, t'ion may occur in the ce. . cede of T(s, 0, )F(s). W(s... for the degree of I'V. STER OF S"IENCE Vay 1980 Va jor Sub jec ~: Elec+r ical Engineering THE FIXED STRUCTURALLY ROBUST INTERNAL MODEL PRINCIPLE FOR LINEAR MULTIVARIABLE REGUIATORS A Thesis by JOHN THOMAS MCGRATH Aoproved as to style and content by...

McGrath, John Thomas

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

478

The infrared fixed point of Landau gauge Yang-Mills theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Over the last decade, the infrared behavior of Yang-Mills theory in the Landau gauge has been scrutinized with the help of Dyson-Schwinger equations and lattice calculations. In this contribution, we describe a technically simple approach to the deep infrared regime via Callan-Symanzik renormalization group equations in an epsilon expansion. This approach recovers, in an analytical and systematically improvable way, all the solutions previously found as solutions of the Dyson-Schwinger equations and singles out the solution favored by lattice calculations as the infrared-stable fixed point (for space-time dimensions above two).

Axel Weber

2012-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

479

A little rain doesn't fix it: Farmers and ranchers remain cautious as drought continues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A little rain doesn?t fix it Farmers and ranchers remain cautious as drought continues Summer 2012 tx H2O 11 ] Story by Danielle Kalisek Rains in the Brazos Valley early in 2012 helped this grass green up, but more rains are needed now... to help warm-season grasses. Photo by Danielle Kalisek. This might sound like a broken record, but it still rings true: Last year?s drought was historic the worst one-year drought in Texas? history. #31;ough recent rains in some parts of the state...

Kalisek, Danielle

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Modeling and Experimental Studies of Mercury Oxidation and Adsorption in a Fixed-Bed Reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents experimental and modeling mercury oxidation and adsorption data. Fixed-bed and single-particle models of mercury adsorption were developed. The experimental data were obtained with two reactors: a 300- W, methane-fired, tubular, quartz-lined reactor for studying homogeneous oxidation reactions and a fixed-bed reactor, also of quartz, for studying heterogeneous reactions. The latter was attached to the exit of the former to provide realistic combustion gases. The fixed-bed reactor contained one gram of coconut-shell carbon and remained at a temperature of 150oC. All methane, air, SO2, and halogen species were introduced through the burner to produce a radical pool representative of real combustion systems. A Tekran 2537A Analyzer coupled with a wet conditioning system provided speciated mercury concentrations. At 150°C and in the absence of HCl or HBr, the mercury uptake was about 20%. The addition of 50 ppm HCl caused complete capture of all elemental and oxidized mercury species. In the absence of halogens, SO2 increased the mercury adsorption efficiency to up to 30 percent. The extent of adsorption decreased with increasing SO2 concentration when halogens were present. Increasing the HCl concentration to 100 ppm lessened the effect of SO2. The fixed-bed model incorporates Langmuir adsorption kinetics and was developed to predict adsorption of elemental mercury and the effect of multiple flue gas components. This model neglects intraparticle diffusional resistances and is only applicable to pulverized carbon sorbents. It roughly describes experimental data from the literature. The current version includes the ability to account for competitive adsorption between mercury, SO2, and NO2. The single particle model simulates in-flight sorbent capture of elemental mercury. This model was developed to include Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms, rate equations, sorbent feed rate, and intraparticle diffusion. The Freundlich isotherm more accurately described in-flight mercury capture. Using these parameters, very little intraparticle diffusion was evident. Consistent with other data, smaller particles resulted in higher mercury uptake due to available surface area. Therefore, it is important to capture the particle size distribution in the model. At typical full-scale sorbent feed rates, the calculations underpredicted adsorption, suggesting that wall effects can account for as much as 50 percent of the removal, making it an important factor in entrained-mercury adsorption models.

Paula A. Buitrago, Mike Morrill, JoAnn S. Lighty, Geoffrey D.; Silcox,

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fixed car bon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Problem 10.2: Find a differential equation to describe the vertical bouncing of a car, if the suspension at each corner consists of a shock absorber inside a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, if the suspension at each corner consists of a shock absorber inside a coil spring, connecting the frame of the car of the middle of the A-arm is x/2, and the magnitude of the compression of each shock and spring is |x - x/2 the vertical bouncing of a car, if the suspension at each corner consists of a coil-over-shock element angled

482

On covering planar graphs with a fixed number of balls Victor Chepoi, Bertrand Estellon, Yann Vax`es  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On covering planar graphs with a fixed number of balls Victor Chepoi, Bertrand Estellon, Yann Vax`es´editerran´ee, F-13288 Marseille Cedex 9, France, {chepoi,estellon,vaxes}@lif.univ-mrs.fr Abstract. In this note

Chepoi, Victor

483

Serum proteins, indirect fluorescent antibody titers and complement fixing antibody titers in dexamethasone exacerbated anaplasmosis carrier calves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SERUM PROTEINS, INDIRECT FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TITERS AND COMPLEMENT FIXING ANTIBODY TITERS IN DEXAMETHASONE EXACERBATED ANAPLASMOSIS CARRIER CALVES A Thesis by Lloran Wesley Johnson Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A%M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MAS TER 0 F SC I ENC E August 1979 Major Subject: Veterinary Microbiology SERUM PROTEINS, INDIRECT FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TITERS AND COMPLEMENT FIXING ANTIBODY TITERS IN DEXAMETHASONE EXACERBATED...

Johnson, Lloran Wesley

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

484

Infrared behavior and fixed-point structure in the compactified Ginzburg--Landau model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the Euclidean $N$-component Ginzburg--Landau model in $D$ dimensions, of which $d$ ($d\\leq D$) of them are compactified. As usual, temperature is introduced through the mass term in the Hamiltonian. This model can be interpreted as describing a system in a region of the $D$-dimensional space, limited by $d$ pairs of parallel planes, orthogonal to the coordinates axis $x_1,\\,x_2,\\,...,\\,x_d$. The planes in each pair are separated by distances $L_1,\\;L_2,\\; ...,\\,L_d$. For $D=3$, from a physical point of view, the system can be supposed to describe, in the cases of $d=1$, $d=2$, and $d=3$, respectively, a superconducting material in the form of a film, of an infinitely long wire having a retangular cross-section and of a brick-shaped grain. We investigate in the large-$N$ limit the fixed-point structure of the model, in the absence or presence of an external magnetic field. An infrared-stable fixed point is found, whether of not an external magnetic field is applied, but for different ranges of values of the space dimension $ D$.

C. A. Linhares; A. P. C. Malbouisson; M. L. Souza

2011-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

485

Modeling water uptake by a root system growing in a fixed soil volume  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The water uptake by roots of plants is examined for an ideal situation, with an approximation that resembles plants growing in pots, meaning that the total soil volume is fixed. We propose a coupled water uptake-root growth model. A one-dimensional model for water flux and water uptake by a root system growing uniformly distributed in the soil is presented, and the Van Genuchten model for the transport of water in soil is used. The governing equations are represented by a moving boundary model for which the root length, as a function of time, is prescribed. The solution of the model is obtained by front-fixing and finite element methods. Model predictions for water uptake by a same plant growing in loam, silt and clay soils are obtained and compared. A sensitivity analysis to determine relative effects on water uptake when system parameters are changed is also presented and shows that the model and numerical method proposed are more sensitive to the root growth rate than to the rest of the parameters. This se...

Albrieu, J L Blengino; Tarzia, D A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Quantum-corrected drift-diffusion models: Solution fixed point map and finite element approximation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article deals with the analysis of the functional iteration, denoted Generalized Gummel Map (GGM), proposed in [C. de Falco, A.L. Lacaita, E. Gatti, R. Sacco, Quantum-Corrected Drift-Diffusion Models for Transport in Semiconductor Devices, J. Comp. Phys. 204 (2) (2005) 533-561] for the decoupled solution of the Quantum Drift-Diffusion (QDD) model. The solution of the problem is characterized as being a fixed point of the GGM, which permits the establishment of a close link between the theoretical existence analysis and the implementation of a numerical tool, which was lacking in previous non-constructive proofs [N.B. Abdallah, A. Unterreiter, On the stationary quantum drift-diffusion model, Z. Angew. Math. Phys. 49 (1998) 251-275, R. Pinnau, A. Unterreiter, The stationary current-voltage characteristics of the quantum drift-diffusion model, SIAM J. Numer. Anal. 37 (1) (1999) 211-245]. The finite element approximation of the GGM is illustrated, and the main properties of the numerical fixed point map (discrete maximum principle and order of convergence) are discussed. Numerical results on realistic nanoscale devices are included to support the theoretical conclusions.

Falco, Carlo de [School of Mathematical Sciences, Dublin City University, Glasnevin, Dublin 9 (Ireland); Jerome, Joseph W. [Department of Mathematics, Northwestern University, 2033 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208-2730 (United States); Sacco, Riccardo [Dipartimento di Matematica 'F.Brioschi', Politecnico di Milano, via Bonardi 9, 20133 Milano (Italy)], E-mail: riccardo.sacco@polimi.it

2009-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

487

Evidence of cost growth under cost-plus and fixed-price contracting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As defined by the US Department of Energy (DOE), privatization refers to a shifting of responsibilities for the completion of projects from a cost-plus Management and Operations (M and O) contract, to incentive-based contracts with the private sector. DOE`s new vision is to arrange cleanup work around incentives-based contracts, which are won via competitive bidding. Competition in awarding cleanup contracts can make use of market incentives to lower project costs and reduce slippage time. Fixed-price contracts encourage contractors to minimize schedule delays and cost overruns once the scope of a project has been negotiated. Conversely, cost-plus contracting offers weak incentives for contractors to select cost-minimizing production and management approaches. Because privatization explicitly allocates more risk to the contractor, it forces the government to better define its goals and methods. This study summarizes actual cost experiences with government contracts performed under cost-plus and fixed-price incentive structures at all levels of government. The first section provides some background on the problem of making contractor activity more cost-efficient. Following this are sections on the measurement of performance and the costs of projects, limitations on measurement, and findings of similar studies. The study concludes with appendices discussing the details of the performance measurement methodology and the project data sets used in the study.

Scott, M.J.; Paananaen, O.H.; Redgate, T.E.; Ulibarri, C.A.; Jaksch, J.A.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Test plan for evaluating the operational performance of the prototype nested, fixed-depth fluidic sampler  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The PHMC will provide Low Activity Wastes (LAW) tank wastes for final treatment by a privatization contractor from two double-shell feed tanks, 241-AP-102 and 241-AP-104. Concerns about the inability of the baseline ''grab'' sampling to provide large volume samples within time constraints has led to the development of a nested, fixed-depth sampling system. This sampling system will provide large volume, representative samples without the environmental, radiation exposure, and sample volume impacts of the current base-line ''grab'' sampling method. A plan has been developed for the cold testing of this nested, fixed-depth sampling system with simulant materials. The sampling system will fill the 500-ml bottles and provide inner packaging to interface with the Hanford Sites cask shipping systems (PAS-1 and/or ''safe-send''). The sampling system will provide a waste stream that will be used for on-line, real-time measurements with an at-tank analysis system. The cold tests evaluate the performance and ability to provide samples that are representative of the tanks' content within a 95 percent confidence interval, to sample while mixing pumps are operating, to provide large sample volumes (1-15 liters) within a short time interval, to sample supernatant wastes with over 25 wt% solids content, to recover from precipitation- and settling-based plugging, and the potential to operate over the 20-year expected time span of the privatization contract.

REICH, F.R.

1999-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

489

Design principle and calculations of a Scheffler fixed focus concentrator for medium temperature applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Scheffler fixed focus concentrators are successfully used for medium temperature applications in different parts of the world. These concentrators are taken as lateral sections of paraboloids and provide fixed focus away from the path of incident beam radiations throughout the year. The paper presents a complete description about the design principle and construction details of an 8 m{sup 2} surface area Scheffler concentrator. The first part of the paper presents the mathematical calculations to design the reflector parabola curve and reflector elliptical frame with respect to equinox (solar declination = 0) by selecting a specific lateral part of a paraboloid. Crossbar equations and their ellipses, arc lengths and their radii are also calculated to form the required lateral section of the paraboloid. Thereafter, the seasonal parabola equations are calculated for two extreme positions of summer and winter in the northern hemisphere (standing reflectors). The slopes of the parabola equations for equinox (solar declination = 0), summer (solar declination = +23.5) and winter (solar declination = -23.5) for the Scheffler reflector (8 m{sup 2} surface area) are calculated to be 0.17, 0.28, and 0.13 respectively. The y-intercepts of the parabola equations for equinox, summer and winter are calculated as 0, 0.54, and -0.53 respectively. By comparing with the equinox parabola curve, the summer parabola is found to be smaller in size and uses the top part of the parabola curve while the winter parabola is bigger in size and uses the lower part of the parabola curve to give the fixed focus. For this purpose, the reflector assembly is composed of flexible crossbars and a frame to induce the required change of the parabola curves with the changing solar declination. The paper also presents the calculation procedure of seasonal parabola equations for standing reflectors in the southern hemisphere as well as for laying reflectors in the northern and southern hemispheres. Highly reflective aluminium sheets are used on the crossbar profiles to complete the concentrator. The reflector is installed at the required site by setting its axis of rotation at an angle equal to the latitude of the site. For daily tracking, these concentrators rotate along an axis parallel to the polar axis of the earth at an angular velocity of one revolution per day with the help of simpler and cheaper self-tracking devices. For seasonal tracking, the reflector rotates at half the solar declination angle with the help of a telescopic clamp mechanism. The design procedure is simple, flexible and does not need any special computational setup, thus offering the prospect of potential application in domestic as well as industrial configurations. (author)

Munir, A.; Hensel, O. [Department of Agricultural Engineering,University of Kassel, Nordbahnhofstr. 1 a 37213 Witzenhausen (Germany); Scheffler, W. [Solar Bruecke G.v.Werdenbergstr.6 D-89344 Aislingen (Germany)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

490

Bremsstrahlung from relativistic heavy ions in a fixed target experiment at the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the emission of bremsstrahlung from lead and argon ions in A Fixed Target ExpeRiment (AFTER) that uses the LHC beams. With nuclear charges of $Ze$ equal $208$ and $18$ respectively, these ions are accelerated to energies of $7$ TeV$\\times Z $. The bremsstrahlung peaks around $\\approx 100$ GeV and the spectrum exposes the nuclear structure of the incoming ion. The peak structure is significantly different from the flat power spectrum pertaining to a point charge. Photons are predominantly emitted within an angle of $1/\\gamma$ to the direction of ion propagation. Our calculations are based on the Weizs\\"{a}cker-Williams method of virtual quanta with application of existing experimental data on photonuclear interactions.

Rune E. Mikkelsen; Allan H. Sřrensen; Ulrik I. Uggerhřj

2015-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

491

Fixed-Speed and Variable-Slip Wind Turbines Providing Spinning Reserves to the Grid: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As the level of wind penetration increases, wind turbine technology must move from merely generating power from wind to taking a role in supporting the bulk power system. Wind turbines should have the capability to provide inertial response and primary frequency (governor) response so they can support the frequency stability of the grid. To provide governor response, wind turbines should be able to generate less power than the available wind power and hold the rest in reserve, ready to be accessed as needed. This paper explores several ways to control wind turbine output to enable reserve-holding capability. This paper focuses on fixed-speed (also known as Type 1) and variable-slip (also known as Type 2) turbines.

Muljadi, E.; Singh, M.; Gevorgian, V.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Development of a new radiometer for the thermodynamic measurement of high temperature fixed points  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Physical Laboratory (NPL) has developed a new radiometer to measure the thermodynamic melting point temperatures of high temperature fixed points with ultra-low uncertainties. In comparison with the NPL's Absolute Radiation Thermometer (ART), the 'THermodynamic Optical Radiometer' (THOR) is more portable and compact, with a much lower size-of-source effect and improved performance in other parameters such as temperature sensitivity. It has been designed for calibration as a whole instrument via the radiance method, removing the need to calibrate the individual subcomponents, as required by ART, and thereby reducing uncertainties. In addition, the calibration approach has been improved through a new integrating sphere that has been designed to have greater uniformity.

Dury, M. R.; Goodman, T. M.; Lowe, D. H.; Machin, G.; Woolliams, E. R. [National Physical Laboratory, Teddington (United Kingdom)] [National Physical Laboratory, Teddington (United Kingdom)

2013-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

493

Non-invasive energy meter for fixed and variable flow systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An energy metering method and apparatus for liquid flow systems comprising first and second segments of one or more conduits through which a liquid flows, comprising: attaching a first temperature sensor for connection to an outside of the first conduit segment; attaching a second temperature sensor for connection to an outside of the second conduit segment; via a programmable control unit, receiving data from the sensors and calculating energy data therefrom; and communicating energy data from the meter; whereby the method and apparatus operate without need to temporarily disconnect or alter the first or second conduit segments. The invention operates with both variable and fixed flow systems, and is especially useful for both active and passive solar energy systems.

Menicucci, David F.; Black, Billy D.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

More on the continuum limit of gauge-fixed compact U(1) lattice gauge theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have verified various proposals that were suggested in our last paper concerning the continuum limit of a compact formulation of the lattice U(1) pure gauge theory in 4 dimensions using a nonperturbative gauge-fixed regularization. Our study reveals that most of the speculations are largely correct. We find clear evidence of a continuous phase transition in the pure gauge theory at "arbitrarily" large couplings. When probed with quenched staggered fermions with U(1) charge, the theory clearly has a chiral transition for large gauge couplings whose intersection with the phase transition in the pure gauge theory continues to be a promising area for nonperturbative physics. We probe the nature of the continuous phase transition by looking at gauge field propagators in the momentum space and locate the region on the critical manifold where free photons can be recovered.

Asit K. De; Tilak Sinha

2005-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

495

High Transverse Momentum Direct Photon Production at Fermilab Fixed-Target Energies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This thesis describes a study of the production of high transverse momentum direct photons and {pi}{sup 0} mesons by proton beams at 530 and 800 GeV/c and {pi}{sup -} beams at 515 GeV/c incident on beryllium, copper, and liquid hydrogen targets. The data were collected by Fermilab experiment E706 during the 1990 and 1991-92 fixed target runs. The apparatus included a large, finely segmented lead and liquid argon electromagnetic calorimeter and a charged particle spectrometer featuring silicon strip detectors in the target region and proportional wire chambers and drift tubes downstream of a large aperture analysis magnet. The inclusive cross sections are presented as functions of transverse momentum and rapidity. The measurements are compared with next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations and to results from previous experiments.

Apanasevich, Leonard; /Michigan State U.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Control systems field equipment forensics : what happened to my PLC and how do I fix it?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The outline for the presentation is: (1) Advance preparation - (a) Think about attacks before they happen, (b) Configuration Management, (c) Backups, (d) Off-site storage, (e) Design and build for resiliency, (f) Training operators to detect attack; (2) Detection - (a) How do I know I've been attacked, (b) The front-line detection system - operators; (3) Triage - (a) Working through the attack, (b) Law enforcement or business continuity, (c) Deciding what to fix first; (4) Field Equipment Forensics - (a) Engineering Workstation, (b) Projects/Configurations/Programs; and (5) Conclusion and Discussion. Red teaming works for supply chain - Finds the worst attacks across multiple dimensions, Shows where to best expend resources to reduce risk, and Provides positive control of potentially negative activities.

Parks, Raymond C.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Fixed-bed gasification research using US coals. Volume 2. Gasification of Jetson bituminous coal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A single-staged, fixed-bed Wellman-Galusha gasifier coupled with a hot, raw gas combustion system and scrubber has been used to gasify numerous coals from throughout the United States. The gasification test program is organized as a cooperative effort by private industrial participants and governmental agencies. The consortium of participants is organized under the Mining and Industrial Fuel Gas (MIFGa) Group. This report describes the gasification testing of Jetson bituminous coal. This Western Kentucky coal was gasified during an initial 8-day and subsequent 5-day period. Material flows and compositions are reported along with material and energy balances. Operational experience is also described. 4 refs., 24 figs., 17 tabs.

Thimsen, D.; Maurer, R.E.; Pooler, A.R.; Pui, D.; Liu, B.; Kittelson, D.

1985-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

498

Study of liquid retention in fixed-bed reactors with upward flow of gas and liquid  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A literature survey of the measurement techniques for the determination of liquid retention in cocurrent upward gas and liquid flow in fixed-bed reactors is presented. A number of these techniques were used in this work in columns of different diameters (Dc = 0.05 m, 0.10 m, and 0.15 m). Porous alumina particles of two different diameters (dp = 0.002 m and 0.0028 m) with both nonfoaming (water, cyclohexane, heptane, and propanol) and foaming liquids (kerosene, LCO, and diesel fuel) have been investigated. The gas used was either air or N[sub 2]. The methods investigated include volumetry, gravimetry, gammametry, and determination of residence-time distribution by tracer technique. A simple correlation for the prediction of total gas and liquid retention for bubble and pulsed flow is proposed and verified.

Yang, X.L.; Euzen, J.P. (Inst. Francais du Petrole, Vernaison (France)); Wild, G. (Lab. des Sciences du Genie Chimique, Nancy (France))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Turing-equivalent automata using a fixed-size quantum memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we introduce a new public quantum interactive proof system and the first quantum alternating Turing machine: qAM proof system and qATM, respectively. Both are obtained from their classical counterparts (Arthur-Merlin proof system and alternating Turing machine, respectively,) by augmenting them with a fixed-size quantum register. We focus on space-bounded computation, and obtain the following surprising results: Both of them with constant-space are Turing-equivalent. More specifically, we show that for any Turing-recognizable language, there exists a constant-space weak-qAM system, (the nonmembers do not need to be rejected with high probability), and we show that any Turing-recognizable language can be recognized by a constant-space qATM even with one-way input head. For strong proof systems, where the nonmembers must be rejected with high probability, we show that the known space-bounded classical private protocols can also be simulated by our public qAM system with the same space bound. Besides, we introduce a strong version of qATM: The qATM that must halt in every computation path. Then, we show that strong qATMs (similar to private ATMs) can simulate deterministic space with exponentially less space. This leads to shifting the deterministic space hierarchy exactly by one-level. The method behind the main results is a new public protocol cleverly using its fixed-size quantum register. Interestingly, the quantum part of this public protocol cannot be simulated by any space-bounded classical protocol in some cases.

Abuzer Yakaryilmaz

2012-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

500

Fixed-bed gasification research using US coals. Volume 1. Program and facility description  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The United States Department of Interior, Bureau of Mines, Twin Cities Research Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota is the site of a 6.5 foot diameter Wellman-Galusha gasifier, installed in 1977-1978. This gasifier, combustor/incinerator, and flue gas scrubber system in the past had been operated jointly by Bureau of Mines personnel, personnel from member companies of the Mining and Industrial Fuel Gas Group, and United States Department of Energy personnel-consultants. Numerous tests using a variety of coals have to date been performed. In May of 1982, Black, Sivalls and Bryson, Incorporated (BS and B) was awarded the contract to plan, execute, and report gasification test performance data from this small industrial fixed-bed gasification test facility. BS and B is responsible for program administration, test planning, test execution, and all documentation of program activities and test reports. The University of Minnesota, Particle Technology Laboratory (UMPTL) is subcontractor to BS and B to monitor process parameters, and provide analysis for material inputs and outputs. This report is the initial volume in a series of reports describing the fixed-bed gasification of US coals at the Bureau of Mines, Twin Cities Research Center. A history of the program is given in Section 1 and a thorough description of the facility in Section 2. The operation of the facility is described in Section 3. Monitoring systems and procedures are described in Sections 4 and 5. Data reduction tools are outlined in Section 6. There is no executive summary or conclusions as this volume serves only to describe the research program. Subsequent volumes will detail each gasification test and other pertinent results of the gasification program. 32 references, 23 figures, 15 tables.

Thimsen, D.; Maurer, R.E.; Poole, A.R.; Pui, D.; Liu, B.; Kittleson, D.

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z