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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "firm secondary nominations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Nominal rewriting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nominal rewriting is based on the observation that if we add support for @a-equivalence to first-order syntax using the nominal-set approach, then systems with binding, including higher-order reduction schemes such as @l-calculus beta-reduction, can ... Keywords: ?-Conversion, Binders, Confluence, First and higher-order rewriting

Maribel Fernández; Murdoch J. Gabbay

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

NOMINATION FORM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... secondary technical training model for public schools in cyber security, biomedical and engineering, including aerospace, biotech, digital, civil and ...

2013-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

3

2013 Call for Nominations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2013 - Nominations are open for the 2013 NERSC Award for Innovative Use of High Performance Computing and the 2013 NERSC Award for High Impact Scientific Achievement. These are...

4

Nomination Form DEPARTMENT / UNIT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nomination Form DEPARTMENT / UNIT: CAMPUS ADDRESS: JOB TITLE: DEPARTMENT EMAIL ADDRESS: DEPARTMENT TELEPHONE: 2014 FRANKLIN STAFF EXCELLENCE AWARDS START DATE IN DEPARTMENT / UNIT: Nominee Information NAME / RESEARCHPROFESSIONAL Signature of Head / Director of Nominee's Unit: NOMINATION PACKET DEADLINE: MARCH 7, 2014 PLEASE

Arnold, Jonathan

5

Nomination Form DEPARTMENT / UNIT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nomination Form DEPARTMENT / UNIT: CAMPUS ADDRESS: JOB TITLE: DEPARTMENT EMAIL ADDRESS: DEPARTMENT TELEPHONE: 2012 FRANKLIN STAFF EXCELLENCE AWARDS START DATE IN DEPARTMENT / UNIT: Nominee Information NAME / RESEARCHPROFESSIONAL Signature of Head / Director of Nominee's Unit: NOMINATION PACKET DEADLINE: FRIDAY MARCH 2, 2012

Arnold, Jonathan

6

Nomination Form DEPARTMENT / UNIT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nomination Form DEPARTMENT / UNIT: CAMPUS ADDRESS: JOB TITLE: DEPARTMENT EMAIL ADDRESS: DEPARTMENT TELEPHONE: 2011 FRANKLIN STAFF EXCELLENCE AWARDS START DATE IN DEPARTMENT / UNIT: Nominee Information NAME / RESEARCHPROFESSIONAL Signature of Head / Director of Nominee's Unit: NOMINATION PACKET DEADLINE: FRIDAY MARCH 4, 2011

Arnold, Jonathan

7

Nomination Form DEPARTMENT / UNIT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nomination Form DEPARTMENT / UNIT: CAMPUS ADDRESS: JOB TITLE: DEPARTMENT EMAIL ADDRESS: DEPARTMENT TELEPHONE: 2013 FRANKLIN STAFF EXCELLENCE AWARDS START DATE IN DEPARTMENT / UNIT: Nominee Information NAME / RESEARCHPROFESSIONAL Signature of Head / Director of Nominee's Unit: NOMINATION PACKET DEADLINE: MARCH 5, 2013 PLEASE

Arnold, Jonathan

8

Nomination Form DEPARTMENT / UNIT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nomination Form DEPARTMENT / UNIT: CAMPUS ADDRESS: CLASSIFICATION / TITLE: DEPARTMENT EMAIL ADDRESS: DEPARTMENT TELEPHONE: 2011 FRANKLIN STAFF SERVICE AWARDS START DATE IN DEPARTMENT / UNIT: ACTUAL NUMBER MEMBER DEADLINE: FRIDAY MARCH 4, 2011 ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: Signature of Head / Director of Nominee's Unit

Arnold, Jonathan

9

Nomination Form DEPARTMENT / UNIT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nomination Form DEPARTMENT / UNIT: CAMPUS ADDRESS: CLASSIFICATION / TITLE: DEPARTMENT EMAIL ADDRESS: DEPARTMENT TELEPHONE: 2013 FRANKLIN STAFF SERVICE AWARDS START DATE IN DEPARTMENT / UNIT: ACTUAL NUMBER MEMBER DEADLINE: MARCH 5, 2013 ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: Signature of Head / Director of Nominee's Unit

Arnold, Jonathan

10

Nomination Form DEPARTMENT / UNIT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nomination Form DEPARTMENT / UNIT: CAMPUS ADDRESS: CLASSIFICATION / TITLE: DEPARTMENT EMAIL ADDRESS: DEPARTMENT TELEPHONE: 2012 FRANKLIN STAFF SERVICE AWARDS START DATE IN DEPARTMENT / UNIT: ACTUAL NUMBER MEMBER DEADLINE: FRIDAY MARCH 2, 2012 ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: Signature of Head / Director of Nominee's Unit

Arnold, Jonathan

11

Nomination Form DEPARTMENT / UNIT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nomination Form DEPARTMENT / UNIT: CAMPUS ADDRESS: CLASSIFICATION / TITLE: DEPARTMENT EMAIL ADDRESS: DEPARTMENT TELEPHONE: 2014 FRANKLIN STAFF SERVICE AWARDS START DATE IN DEPARTMENT / UNIT: ACTUAL NUMBER MEMBER DEADLINE: MARCH 7, 2014 ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: Signature of Head / Director of Nominee's Unit

Arnold, Jonathan

12

Secretarial Award Nomination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Secretary's Awards Program Nomination Form Secretary's Awards Program Nomination Form 1. Type of Award (Check Applicable Box) Secretary's Honor Awards Secretary's Departure Awards Secretary's James R. Schlesinger Award Exceptional Service Award Appreciation Award Excellence Award Distinguished Service Award Achievement Award Meritorious Service Award 2. Nominee (Full) Name Check if Group list is attached (As it is to appear on the certificate) For Departure and Appreciation Awards Only 3. Certificate Date 4. Award Presentation Date 5. Current Position Title 6. Award Justification: Continue on blank sheet of paper and attach if you need more space. 7. Award Citation: A citation of no more than 20 lines must be attached to nomination form. 8 . Requesting Office : 9a. Local Approvals: One or more signatures is typical but not required

13

Nomination Letter for Gale Warshawsky  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

February 12, 1996. I nominate Gale Warshawsky of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories (LLNL) for the FISSEA Educator of the Year. ...

14

2010FirmRateAdj  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Firm Peaking Revenue Requirement 320.2 million P-SMPB--ED Composite Rate 33.25 millskWh Firm Demand 7.65kWmo Firm Energy 19.05 millskWh Firm Peaking Demand 6.90kWmo Firm...

15

National Defense University (NDU) Nomination Package Checklist  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- November 2012 - November 2012 National Defense University (NDU) Nomination Package Checklist SEND 2 COPIES OF THE NOMINATION PACKAGE TO THE NDU UNIVERSITY REGISTRAR'S OFFICE Each student nomination package must include the following items: NDU Student Nomination Form One official transcript (highest degree earned) One-page student biography or résumé (include education and career history) Two Letters of Recommendation World-Wide Travel Statement Statement of Purpose (No more than two pages) Signed National Defense University Privacy Act Statement Signed Education Release Form (if nominating agency requires copies of final student evaluation and/or transcript) SAC students must also include: Senior Acquisition Course Nomination Form

16

Full abstraction for nominal Scott domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We develop a domain theory within nominal sets and present programming language constructs and results that can be gained from this approach. The development is based on the concept of orbit-finite subset, that is, a subset of a nominal sets that is ... Keywords: denotational semantics, domain theory, full abstraction, nominal sets, symmetry

Steffen Lösch; Andrew M. Pitts

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Nominations Open for 2013 NERSC HPC Achievement Awards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nominations Open for 2013 NERSC HPC Achievement Awards Nominations Open for 2013 NERSC HPC Achievement Awards January 1, 2013 by Richard Gerber (0 Comments) Nominations are open...

18

Windy Gap Firming Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Windy Gap Firming Project Windy Gap Firming Project Skip Navigation Links Transmission Functions Infrastructure projects Interconnection OASIS OATT Windy Gap Firming Project, Final Environmental Impact Statement, DOE/EIS-0370 (cooperating agency) Western's proposed action is to relocate approximately 3.8 miles of the existing Estes to Lyons 115-kilovolt transmission line, if the Chimney Hollow Reservoir alternative is constructed. The line would be moved outside the area proposed for the reservoir, and Western would ensure the new location would allow the agency to continue to operate and maintain it. Section 2.4.1.4 of the Final Environmental Impact Statement, Volume 1 provides more information on the transmission line relocation proposal. The U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation is the Lead Agency for the National Environmental Policy Act Review. Cooperating agencies are Western, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and Grand County, Colo.

19

Leading firms choose ENERGY STAR | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Leading firms choose ENERGY STAR Leading firms choose ENERGY STAR Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In this section Why you should design to earn the ENERGY STAR Leading firms choose ENERGY STAR Why new doesn't always mean efficient Follow EPA's step-by-step process ENERGY STAR Challenge for Architects Leading firms choose ENERGY STAR Facebook data center Hundreds of leading A/E firms have already partnered

20

2014 Call for HPC Achievement Award Nominations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Award Nominations are open for the 2014 NERSC Award for Innovative Use of High Performance Computing and the 2014 NERSC Award for High Impact Scientific Achievement. NERSC...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "firm secondary nominations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Price Dispersion on the Internet: Good Firms and Bad Firms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Internet firms charge a wide range of prices for homogeneous products, and high-priced firms remain high-priced and low-priced firms remain low-priced over long periods. One explanation is that high-price firms are charging a premium for superior service. An alternative, price-dispersion explanation is that firms vary the prices for informed and uniformed consumers (Salop and Stiglitz, 1977) or serious shoppers and others (Wilde and Schwartz, 1979). The pricing pattern for a digital camera and a flatbed scanner is consistent with the price-dispersion model and inconsistent with the service-premium hypothesis. I.

Kathy Baylis; Jeffrey M. Perloff

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Property:Nominal Voltage | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nominal Voltage Nominal Voltage Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Nominal Voltage Property Type Number This is a property of type Number. Pages using the property "Nominal Voltage" Showing 22 pages using this property. D Distributed Generation Study/10 West 66th Street Corp + 480 + Distributed Generation Study/615 kW Waukesha Packaged System + 480 + Distributed Generation Study/Aisin Seiki G60 at Hooligans Bar and Grille + 240 + Distributed Generation Study/Arrow Linen + 480 + Distributed Generation Study/Dakota Station (Minnegasco) + 0 + Distributed Generation Study/Elgin Community College + 4,160 + Distributed Generation Study/Emerling Farm + 480 + Distributed Generation Study/Floyd Bennett + 480 + Distributed Generation Study/Harbec Plastics + 480 +

23

Where do firms manage earnings?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite decades of research on how, why, and when companies manage earnings, there is a paucity of evidence about the geographic location of earnings management within multinational firms. In this study, we examine where ...

Dyreng, Scott D.

24

Aviation Management Professional Award Nomination for:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Professional Nomination for Professional Nomination for Managerial/Official Award: Joseph M. Ginanni Aviation Manager US Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration, Nevada Site Office Bio Joseph M. Ginanni Aviation Manager National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office Mr. Ginanni has worked for the Nevada Site Office (NSO) since 1991. For the past five years, he has served as the NSO Aviation Manager, managing and overseeing the Management and Operating contractor's aviation services department and their operation and maintenance of NSO's five aircraft (3 Beechcraft King Airs and 2 Bell 412s) which are stationed at both Nellis AFB, NV and Andrews AFB, MD. Prior to his position as Aviation Manager, he was the team leader for the Radioactive Waste

25

Multinational Firms and Heterogeneous Labor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the presence of increasing specialization of workers it becomes more and more difficult for firms to find the most suitable ones. In such an environment a multinational enterprise (MNE) has an advantage because it can exchange workers between plants in different countries. Recruiting from the home and foreign plant leads to a larger labor market pool for an MNE, reducing the mismatch of its workforce. This paper analyzes the consequences of this advantage for production, employment, prices and wages. We find that the additional ability to recruit workers from the home and foreign labor market leads to lower mismatch, higher average productivity of workers, lower prices, higher output, and higher employment of a plant of an MNE as compared to a national firm, while the wage-effects depend on firm productivity. These facts are well in line with recent empirical findings.

Mario Larch; Wolfgang Lechthaler; Mario Larch; Wolfgang Lechthaler

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Price of Cameron, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports (Nominal Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Nominal Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Cameron, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports (Nominal Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

27

FinalTestimonyLaneNominationStatement.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

JEFF LANE, NOMINEE TO BE AN ASSISTANT JEFF LANE, NOMINEE TO BE AN ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF ENERGY, CONGRESSIONAL AND INTERGOVERNMENTAL AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY MARCH 17, 2010 Chairman Bingaman, Ranking Member Murkowski, and distinguished Members of the Committee, it is an honor and a privilege to appear before you today as President Obama's nominee for Assistant Secretary of Energy for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs. I want to thank Secretary Chu for recommending me to the President and thank the Committee for holding this hearing. As you consider my nomination for this position, I hope you will take into account my record, my experiences and my commitment of service to the Congress and to the important mission of the Department of Energy. I have spent most of my professional life - almost 16 years - serving in senior staff positions in

28

DOE General Counsel Nomination Announcement | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

General Counsel Nomination Announcement General Counsel Nomination Announcement DOE General Counsel Nomination Announcement March 18, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Today, President Barack Obama announced his intent to nominate the following individuals to key administration posts: Susan Burk, Special Representative of the President, with the rank of Ambassador, State Department; Raphael Bostic, Assistant Secretary for Policy Development and Research, Department of Housing and Urban Development; Michelle J. DePass, Assistant Administrator for International Affairs, Environmental Protection Agency; Cynthia J. Giles, Assistant Administrator for Enforcement and Compliance Assurance, Environmental Protection Agency; Michael L. Connor, Director, Bureau of Reclamation, Department of the Interior; Scott Blake

29

Optimization Online - Validation of Nominations in Gas Network ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 30, 2012... the validation of nomination problem: Given a gas transmission network consisting of passive pipelines and active, controllable elements and ...

30

NETL: News Release - DOE Opens Nomination Process for 2002 Homer...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nomination Process For 2002 Homer Lowry Award Award Honors Outstanding Achievement By Fossil Fuels Scientist or Engineer WASHINGTON, DC - Homer H. Lowry Award The U.S....

31

A Review Of Water Contents Of Nominally Anhydrous Natural Minerals...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A Review Of Water Contents Of Nominally Anhydrous Natural Minerals In The Mantles Of Earth, Mars And The Moon Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal...

32

Productivity and the Sourcing Modes of Multinational Firms: Evidence from French Firm-Level Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the role of a firm’s total factor productivity in its decision to import from its affiliates rather than from independent input suppliers. We propose a slightly modified version of the Antrŕs and Helpman (2004) model. We assume higher fixed costs under outsourcing and a firm-specific production function. We use detailed French firm-level data that provides a geographical breakdown of French firms ’ import at product level and their sourcing modes in 1999. We find strong empirical support for the theoretical predictions of the model. In particular, high-productivity firms that have a production process intensive in suppliers’ inputs, source their inputs through independent foreign suppliers.

Fabrice Defever; Farid Toubal

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Productivity and the Sourcing Modes of Multinational Firms: Evidence from French Firm-Level Data ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the role of firm’s total factor productivity in its decision to import from their affiliates rather than from independent input suppliers. We propose a slightly modified version of the Antrŕs and Helpman (2004) model. We assume higher fixed costs under outsourcing and a firm-specific production function. We use detailed French firm-level data that provides a geographical breakdown of French firms ’ import at product level and their sourcing modes in 1999. We find strong empirical support for the theoretical predictions of the model. In particular, high-productivity firms that have a production process intensive in suppliers ’ inputs source their inputs through independent foreign suppliers.

Fabrice Defever A; Farid Toubal B; Gianmarco Ottaviano; Frédéric Robert-nicoud; Jean-marc Siroen For

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Technical Specialized Knowledge and Secondary Shares in Initial Public Offerings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper utilizes an understudied but often utilized aspect of initial public offerings (IPOs), secondary shares, to examine whether the knowledge conditions of firms give rise to agency problems that limit the ability of founders and venture capitalists ... Keywords: IPOs, entrepreneurship, founder exit, secondary shares, specialized knowledge, venture capital

Marc T. Junkunc; Jonathan T. Eckhardt

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Definition: Firm Transmission Service | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition No reegle definition available. Also Known As Firm services Related Terms transmission lines, electricity generation, transmission line, smart grid References ...

36

PERSPECTIVE: The Myth of Firm Performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Firm performance is one of the most prominent concepts in organizational research. Despite its importance, and despite the many developmental critiques that have appeared over the years, performance continues to be a difficult concept to apply in a scientifically ... Keywords: change, concept-measure mismatches, firm performance, legitimacy

C. Chet Miller, Nathan T. Washburn, William H. Glick

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

A Multiattribute Utility Analysis of Sites Nominated For Characterization  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Multiattribute Utility Analysis of Sites Nominated For A Multiattribute Utility Analysis of Sites Nominated For Characterization For the First Radioactive Waste Repository - A Decision Aiding Methodology A Multiattribute Utility Analysis of Sites Nominated For Characterization For the First Radioactive Waste Repository - A Decision Aiding Methodology Summary In December 1984, the Department of Energy (DOE) published draft environmental assessments (EAs) to support the proposed nomination of five sites and the recommendation of three sites for characterization for the first radioactive-waste repository. A chapter common to all the draft EAs (Chapter 7) presented rankings of the five sites against the postclosure and the preclosure technical siting guidelines. To determine which three sites appeared most favorable for recommendation for characterization,

38

DOE Under Secretary Nomination Announcement | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Under Secretary Nomination Announcement Under Secretary Nomination Announcement DOE Under Secretary Nomination Announcement March 12, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Today, President Barack Obama announced his intent to nominate the following individuals to key administration posts: Demetrios Marantis, Nominee for Deputy United States Trade Representative; Kristina M. Johnson, Nominee for Under Secretary of Energy; Gina McCarthy, Nominee for Assistant Administrator for Air and Radiation, Environmental Protection Agency; and Ronald H. Weich, Nominee for Assistant Attorney General, Office of Legislative Affairs, Department of Justice. President Obama said, "Each of these individuals brings a unique talent and dedication to the causes we are tackling everyday in my administration. Together they bring decades of public service and diverse backgrounds that

39

Do parties still matter? : the politics of gubernatorial nominations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Who controls the nomination in gubernatorial elections? This dissertation seeks to answer this simple question. Parties have classically been the organizations held responsible for throwing their collective effort behind ...

Cobb, Rachael V

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

EERE News: President Obama Nominates New Energy Department and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

New Energy Department and EPA Heads President Obama on March 4 nominated Ernest Moniz to replace Steven Chu as Secretary of Energy, and Gina McCarthy to take over U.S....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "firm secondary nominations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Nominate An Inspirational STEM Teacher for the Nation's Highest Honors |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nominate An Inspirational STEM Teacher for the Nation's Highest Nominate An Inspirational STEM Teacher for the Nation's Highest Honors Nominate An Inspirational STEM Teacher for the Nation's Highest Honors February 8, 2013 - 1:04pm Addthis President Barack Obama talks with Presidential Awards for Excellence in Mathematics and Science Teaching winners in the State Dining of the White House January 6, 2010. (Official White House Photo by Chuck Kennedy) President Barack Obama talks with Presidential Awards for Excellence in Mathematics and Science Teaching winners in the State Dining of the White House January 6, 2010. (Official White House Photo by Chuck Kennedy) How can I participate? The 2013 Awards will honor mathematics and science (including computer science) teachers working in grades 7-12. Nominations close on

42

Agency Energy Coordinators for Award Nominations | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Agency Energy Coordinators for Award Nominations Agency Energy Coordinators for Award Nominations Agency Energy Coordinators for Award Nominations October 7, 2013 - 4:41pm Addthis Federal agency energy coordinators handle all nominations for the Federal Energy and Water Management Awards. Contact your agency energy coordinator well in advance of all award deadlines to learn about internal submission processes. Don Juhasz Defense Logistics Agency 703-767-3537 Jerard Butler General Services Administration 202-401-0855 Mark Ewing General Services Administration 202-708-9296 Wayne Thalasinos National Aeronautics and Space Administration 202-358-3811 Mark Sprouse National Archives and Records Administration 301-837-3019 David Hauk Smithsonian Institution 202-633-1537 Leslie Ford Social Security Administration 410-594-0111

43

EIS-0370: Windy Gap Firming Project, Colorado | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0: Windy Gap Firming Project, Colorado EIS-0370: Windy Gap Firming Project, Colorado Summary This EIS, prepared by the Department of the Interior (Bureau of Reclamation, Great...

44

Empirical essays on firm behavior in India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, I study the behavior of industrial firms in India in the electricity market and with respect to locational choice and environmental regulation. In the first chapter, I study the competitive effects of ...

Ryan, Nicholas (Nicholas James)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Economic Activity of Firms and Asset Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this review we survey the recent research on the fundamental determinants of stock returns. These studies explore how firms' systematic risk and their investment and production decisions are jointly determined in ...

Kogan, Leonid

46

Firm Size And Higher Education Graduate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Tables 1. West Virginia Public Higher Education Graduate Work Participation By Area Of Concentration .................................................................................................1 Employment And Annualized Wages By West Virginia Firm Employment Size.....................................................18 Appendix I: Detailed Description Of Employment Data .........................................19

Mohaghegh, Shahab

47

Essays on taxation and firm behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation consists of three essays that examine the impact of tax policy of firm behavior. The first chapter uses new well-level production data on California oil wells and after-tax producer prices to estimate how ...

Rao, Nirupama S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Secondary battery  

SciTech Connect

Secondary batteries are described with aqueous acid solutions of lead salts as electrolytes and inert electrode base plates which also contain redox systems in solution. These systems have a standard potential of from -0.1 to + 1.4 V relative to a standard hydrogen reference electrode, do not form insoluble compounds with the electrolytes and are not oxidized or reduced irreversibly by the active compositions applied to the electrode base plates, within their range of operating potentials.

Wurmb, R.; Beck, F.; Boehlke, K.

1978-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

49

Do Firms Choose Their Stock Liquidity? A Study of Innovative Firms and Their Stock Liquidity ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We ask whether firms can choose, or at least influence, their stock liquidity. We analyze a sample of firms that, we hypothesize, will value stock liquidity more than other firms – innovative firms that primarily hold intangible assets and expect to raise capital from the stock market. Consistent with their reliance on equity markets, we find that innovative firms have higher liquidity and that they take a variety of actions (e.g., frequent earnings guidance, stock splits etc) that help keep their stock more liquid. Maintaining liquidity appears to be less of a concern when innovative firms have greater access to other sources of capital. Given their low leverage, there is greater reliance on monitoring by large equity-holders and incentive contracts to help resolve agency issues, rather than banks or other creditors: consistent with the greater institutional ownership, higher likelihood of blockholders, and more incentivized CEO compensation contracts in these firms. The marginal impact on firm value (Tobin’s Q) of a plausibly exogenous increase in liquidity (e.g., following decimalization of stock prices) is greater for innovative firms, especially when CEOs have strong incentive contracts. Innovative activity tends to increase in the wake of such liquidity enhancements.

Nishant Dass; Vikram N; Steven Chong Xiao; Nikunj Kapadia; Simi Kedia; Pete Kyle; Er Ljungqvist

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

4-28-09_Final_Testimony_(Triay)_(Nomination).pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8, 2009 8, 2009 Good morning, Mr. Chairman, Senator McCain, members of the Committee. It is a great honor to appear before you today as President Obama's nominee to be the Assistant Secretary for Environmental Management at the United States Department of Energy. I thank Secretary Chu and President Obama for their support and confidence in recommending and nominating me. I also thank the Committee for considering my nomination. I would like to introduce my husband of 24 years, Dr. John Hall, and his parents Mr. and Mrs. Harvey Hall, who are with me here today. In 1961, when my parents fled Cuba's Communist regime and went into exile with a three- year-old daughter and nothing but their dreams for a better life and their love for freedom, it would have been impossible to believe that their daughter would ever be nominated by the

51

Hierarchical sizing and biasing of analog firm intellectual properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A hierarchical sizing and biasing methodology for analog firm intellectual properties (IPs) is presented. An analog firm IP designates an unsized transistor netlist of an analog circuit. The methodology sizes and biases an analog firm IP by automatically ... Keywords: Analog design, Analog firm IP, Modeling, Reuse, Simulation, Sizing, Synthesis

Ramy Iskander; Marie-Minerve LouëRat; Andreas Kaiser

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

DOE Encourages Utility Sector Nominations to the Federal Communications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Federal the Federal Communications Commission's Communications, Security, Reliability, and Interoperability Council DOE Encourages Utility Sector Nominations to the Federal Communications Commission's Communications, Security, Reliability, and Interoperability Council March 29, 2011 - 5:22pm Addthis Because of the role communications technologies will play in the evolution toward a smarter national grid, DOE recommended in its October 2010 report, The Communications Requirements of Smart Grid Technologies, that members of the utility sector become more engaged in the federal advisory committees that consider key policy issues related to the Smart Grid, including the reliability of communications networks. Last week, the Federal Communications Commission announced that it is seeking nominations

53

The effect of own-firm and other-firm experience on foreign direct investment survival  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that foreign firms operating in a host country generate information spillovers that have potential value for later foreign direct investment. We test two predictions. First, we expect foreign direct investments by firms with experience in a host country to be more likely to survive than investments made by first-time entrants. Second, foreign direct investments will be more likely to survive the greater the foreign presence in the target industry at the time of investment, subject to two contingencies. The first contingency is that the relationship will be weak or nonexistent among firms with no experience in the host country, because these firms have difficulty evaluating and taking advantage of the information spillovers. The second contingency is that the presence of other foreign firms will not affect investment survival among firms that already have a presence in the target industry and undertake expansion. These firms already possess general information about the target industries and are unlikely to gain additional benefit from information spillovers. We find supportive evidence based on the survival to 1992 among 354 U.S. investments undertaken by foreign firms in manufacturing industries

J. Myles Shaver; Will Mitchell; Bernard Yeung

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Do Private Firms Invest Dierently than Public Firms? Taking Cues from the Natural Gas Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Do Private Firms Invest Dierently than Public Firms? Taking Cues from the Natural Gas Industry Erik and public rms using a unique dataset of onshore U.S. natural gas producers. In rm-level regressions we nd that investments by private rms are 68% less responsive to changes in natural gas prices, a measure that captures

Lin, Xiaodong

55

Are New IT-Enabled Investment Opportunities Diminishing for Firms?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Today, few firms could survive for very long without their computer systems. IT has permeated every corner of firms. Firms have reached the current state in their use of IT because IT has provided myriad opportunities for firms to improve performance ... Keywords: IT and firm performance, IT value, business value of IT, event study, financial market evaluation, information technology industry, macroeconomic news, stock price volatility

Brian L. Dos Santos; Zhiqiang (Eric) Zheng; Vijay S. Mookerjee; Hongyu Chen

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Nominal Position Controller for Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A nonlinear position controller for permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) was designed to achieve position tracing control and robust control. The controller included two parts: the model controller and the robust controller. The former was designed ... Keywords: PMSM, nominal control, sliding mode control

Yuzeng Zhang; Fan Wang; Mingyin Yan

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Macroeconomic Conditions, Firm Characteristics, and ... - Springer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

rate as well as the dynamics of the asset value of the issuing firm. ..... each credit rating over a given horizon, the calibration yields a distinctive value of ..... Conference in Venice, Italy, the 2004 FMA Annual Meeting in New Orleans, and at ...

58

4-23-09_Final_Nomination_Testimony_(Triay).pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3, 2009 3, 2009 Good afternoon, Mr. Chairman, Senator Murkowski, members of the Committee. It is a great honor to appear before you today as President Obama's nominee to be the Assistant Secretary for Environmental Management at the United States Department of Energy. I thank Secretary Chu and President Obama for their support and confidence in recommending and nominating me. I also thank the Committee for considering my nomination. I would like to introduce my husband of 24 years, Dr. John Hall, and his parents Mr. and Mrs. Harvey Hall, who are with me here today. In 1961, when my parents fled Cuba's Communist regime and went into exile with a three- year-old daughter and nothing but their dreams for a better life and their love for freedom, it

59

4-23-09_Final_Nomination_Testimony_(Koonin).pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Steven E. Koonin Steven E. Koonin Under Secretary for Science Designee Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources April 23, 2009 Chairman Bingaman, Senator Murkowski, members of the Committee, I am honored to appear before you as President Obama's nominee for Under Secretary for Science in the Department of Energy. With me this afternoon are my wife Laurie, who has been my companion and support for 39 years, and the second of our three children, Alyson, a junior at the University of Richmond. As you consider my nomination, I thought it would be useful for me to say something about myself beyond the bare biographical facts, something about my perceptions of Science in the Department of Energy, and about what I hope to accomplish if my nomination is confirmed.

60

Common Information Model Meter Outage Nominal Interoperability Test Procedure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The CIM Meter Outage Nominal Interoperability Test Procedure is one in a series of EPRI CIM Interoperability Test Procedures (ETIPs) created by EPRI whose purpose is to thoroughly document the actors, interfaces, and test steps for the interoperability testing of specific parts of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Common Information Model (CIM) standard. The Test Procedures are initially being used for EPRI demonstration tests and are intended, over time, to form the basis of a set of C...

2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "firm secondary nominations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Inquiries into the behavior of emerging market firms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation addresses two aspects of firm behavior in emerging markets. Chapters 1 and 3 consider the decision of firms to borrow in domestic or foreign currency and the implications of this decision on fixed capital ...

Cowan, Kevin

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

The Impact of Forest Certification on Firm Financial Performance in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

empirically the impact of environmental certification on firm financial performance ... QMI: Quality Management Institute; SFI: Sustainable. Forestry Initiative; SCS: ...

63

Y-12 cleaning technology licensed by Knoxville engineering firm...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

cleaning technology licensed by Knoxville engineering firm | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the...

64

Definition: Non-Firm Transmission Service | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

available. Also Known As Interruptible Load or Interruptible Demand Related Terms transmission lines, electricity generation, transmission line, firm transmission service,...

65

Price of Gulf of Mexico Natural Gas LNG Imports (Nominal Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

(Nominal Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Gulf of Mexico Natural Gas LNG Imports (Nominal Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

66

Price of Cameron, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Qatar (Nominal...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

from Qatar (Nominal Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Cameron, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Qatar (Nominal Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

67

Price of Everett, MA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Egypt (Nominal...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Egypt (Nominal Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Everett, MA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Egypt (Nominal Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

68

Price of Cove Point, MD Natural Gas LNG Imports from Egypt (Nominal...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Egypt (Nominal Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Cove Point, MD Natural Gas LNG Imports from Egypt (Nominal Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

69

Ethiopia-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Ethiopia-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Ethiopia-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Name Ethiopia-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Global Environment Facility (GEF), Government of Denmark Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://www.unep.org/climatecha Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Ethiopia UN Region Central America References Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)[1]

70

UNEP-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNEP-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) UNEP-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: UNEP-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Name UNEP-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Global Environment Facility (GEF), Government of Denmark Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://www.unep.org/climatecha Program Start 2011 References Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)[1] "The Government of Denmark will provide US$6 million to the new programme

71

Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: UNEP-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Name UNEP-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Global Environment Facility (GEF), Government of Denmark Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://www.unep.org/climatecha Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Costa Rica, Ethiopia, Ghana, Indonesia, Mexico, Morocco, Senegal, South Africa, Vietnam UN Region Central America References Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)[1]

72

Costa Rica-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Costa Rica-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Costa Rica-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Name Costa Rica-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Global Environment Facility (GEF), Government of Denmark Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://www.unep.org/climatecha Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Costa Rica UN Region Central America References Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)[1]

73

Exporting licensing regulations affecting US geothermal firms  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document presents a brief introduction and overview of the Department of Commerce's Export Administration Regulations which might affect potential US geothermal goods exporters. It is intended to make US geothermal firms officials aware of the existence of such regulations and to provide them with references, contacts and phone numbers where they can obtain specific and detailed information and assistance. It must be stressed however, that the ultimate responsibility for complying with the above mentioned regulations lies with the exporter who must consult the complete version of the regulations.

Not Available

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Nomination & Selection Guidelines | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Nomination & Selection Guidelines Nomination & Selection Guidelines The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award Lawrence Award Home Nomination & Selection Guidelines Award Laureates Ceremony The Life of Ernest Orlando Lawrence Contact Information The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award U.S. Department of Energy SC-2/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-9395 E: lawrence.award@science.doe.gov Nomination & Selection Guidelines Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Jump to: Nomination Guidelines | Lawrence Award Category Descriptions | Lawrence Award Assessment Criteria, Merit Review, and Selection | Preparation of Nomination Materials | Additional Information The 2013 Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award Nomination Guidelines The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award is bestowed by the Secretary of the U.S.

75

Electricity Cost and Firm Performance: Evidence from India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite the widely acknowledged importance of infrastructure for economic growth, there has been relatively little research on how infrastructure affects the decisions of firms. Using data on Indian manufacturing firms, this paper provides evidence on how electricity prices affect a firm’s industry choice and productivity growth. I construct an instrument for electricity price as the interaction between the price of coal paid by power utilities, which is arguably exogenous to firm characteristics, and the initial share of thermal generation in a state’s total electricity generation capacity. I find that, in response to an exogenous increase in electricity price, firms reduce their electricity consumption and switch to industries with less electricity-intensive production processes. I also find that firm output, machine intensity and labor productivity decline with an increase in electricity price. In addition to these level effects, I show that firm output and productivity growth rates are negatively affected by high electricity prices. These results suggest that electricity constraints faced by firms may limit a country’s growth by leading firms to operate in industries with fewer productivity-enhancing opportunities.

Ama Baafra Abeberese

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

5_5_09_Daniel_Poneman_Nomination.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Daniel B. Poneman Daniel B. Poneman Before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources United States Senate May 5, 2009 Chairman Bingaman, Ranking Member Murkowski, and distinguished Members of the Committee, it is an honor and a privilege to appear before you today as President Obama's nominee to be Deputy Secretary of Energy. I would like to introduce my wife of nearly 25 years, Susan, and our sons, Michael and William. Our daughter, Claire, is away at college. I am grateful and humbled by the confidence that President Obama and Secretary Chu have expressed in me through this nomination. President Obama has articulated a clear and compelling vision of America's energy future - one that will transform our economy, protect our security, and save our planet from the worst impacts of climate change.

77

REQUESTS FOR PAYMENTS UNDER FIRM-FIXED PRICE CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTS  

REQUESTS FOR PAYMENTS UNDER FIRM-FIXED PRICE CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTS Author: wshelto Last modified by: wshelto Created Date: 2/28/2008 3:26:00 PM Company:

78

Analysis of Firm Transportation Contracts: Results and Methodology  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The pipeline companies must provide firm transportation ... 1996, no rollover amount, and a contract length of 1 year or more. Energy Information ...

79

SF6432-FP (02-01-12) Firm Fixed Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SF 6432-FP (072013) Section II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR FIRM-FIXED PRICE CONTRACTS THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO THIS CONTRACT AS INDICATED UNLESS...

80

Y-12 cleaning technology licensed by Knoxville engineering firm...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

firm recently became the newest licensee of technology developed at the Y-12 National Security Complex. MK Technologies Corporation is now the exclusive commercial patent...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "firm secondary nominations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Nomination & Selection Guidelines | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Nomination & Selection Guidelines Nomination & Selection Guidelines The Enrico Fermi Award Fermi Award Home Nomination & Selection Guidelines Award Laureates Ceremony The Life of Enrico Fermi Contact Information The Enrico Fermi Award U.S. Department of Energy SC-2/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-9395 E: fermi.award@science.doe.gov Nomination & Selection Guidelines Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Jump to: Fermi Award Assessment Criteria, Merit Review, and Selection | Preparation of Nomination Materials The 2013 Enrico Fermi Award Nomination Guidelines The Enrico Fermi Award is bestowed by the President of the United States to an individual or individuals of international stature in recognition of exceptional scientific, technical, engineering, and/or management

82

IS Planning autonomy in US subsidiaries of multinational firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research has suggested that information systems planning is an important challenge to managers of multinational firms. Although studies have examined marketing, finance, and manufacturing, limited research has considered IS planning autonomy in such ... Keywords: IS planning, agency theory, autonomy, corporate governance theory, multinational firms

Dinesh A. Mirchandani; Albert L. Lederer

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Goal Orientation as Shaping the Firm's Entrepreneurial Orientation and Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Firms’ top decision makers cannot possibly know what decisions to make. Rather, decision makers must interpret their situations and make the best possible decision based upon their interpretation of their situations. In this dissertation, I examine decision-makers’ goal orientations as influencing how they interpret their situations and then respond through making decisions in terms of their firms’ entrepreneurial orientations. I also examine whether these decisions influence firm performance. I surveyed top firm decision makers in the Association of Former Students’ database at Texas A and M University. The hypotheses were tested using a structural equation modeling. Using a sample of 273 firms, I find that decision-makers’ goal orientations shape their firm’s entrepreneurial orientations, which in turn influence firm growth, relative performance, and expected future performance. Possessing a learning goal orientation was found to be positively related to innovativeness, proactiveness, and risk taking. A performance prove goal orientation was positively related to innovativeness, whereas a performance avoid goal orientation was negatively related to innovativeness and risk taking. Only a proactive firm posture was found to be positively related to firm performance. The results for this dissertation provide compelling support for upper echelons theory. Decision-makers’ finer-grained personal attributes are found to shape firm-level outcomes. More specifically, decision-makers’ goal orientations are found to shape the firm’s entrepreneurial orientation and, to some extent, performance. Interestingly, coarse-grained personal attributes captured in demographic proxies and used as control variables in the analyses did not provide consistent support for upper echelons theory. The results suggest that scholars need to take a finer-grained perspective of upper echelons theory. A substantial amount of research has established the link between individuals’ goal orientations and how they interpret and respond to their situations. The research here has extended this relationship to the top decision-making context in firms where individuals face strong situational forces caused by uncertainty, complexity, and dynamism. I hope that this research encourages other scholars to (1) examine more complex models of how decision-makers’ personal attributes influence their entrepreneurial decisions in terms of both recognizing and exploiting opportunities, and (2) examine other finer-grained attributes of top decision makers within a finer-grained framework of the decision-making process.

Webb, Justin W.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Morocco-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Morocco-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Morocco-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Morocco-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Name Morocco-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Global Environment Facility (GEF), Government of Denmark Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://www.unep.org/climatecha Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Morocco UN Region Central America References Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)[1] "The Government of Denmark will provide US$6 million to the new programme

85

Vietnam-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Vietnam-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Vietnam-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Name Vietnam-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Global Environment Facility (GEF), Government of Denmark Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://www.unep.org/climatecha Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Vietnam UN Region Central America References Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)[1] "The Government of Denmark will provide US$6 million to the new programme

86

Ghana-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Ghana-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Ghana-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Name Ghana-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Global Environment Facility (GEF), Government of Denmark Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://www.unep.org/climatecha Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Ghana UN Region Central America References Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)[1] "The Government of Denmark will provide US$6 million to the new programme

87

Mexico-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Mexico-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Mexico-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Name Mexico-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Global Environment Facility (GEF), Government of Denmark Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://www.unep.org/climatecha Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Mexico UN Region Central America References Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)[1] "The Government of Denmark will provide US$6 million to the new programme

88

Utility Sector Leaders Make Firm Commitment to Energy Efficiency |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Utility Sector Leaders Make Firm Commitment to Energy Efficiency Utility Sector Leaders Make Firm Commitment to Energy Efficiency Utility Sector Leaders Make Firm Commitment to Energy Efficiency Utility Sector Leaders Make Firm Commitment to Energy Efficiency: Press Release, July 31, 2006 announcing an energy efficiency action plan. More than 80 energy, environmental and other organizations announced commitments and public statements in support of the National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency (NAPEE), which provides energy consumers and providers information on policies and techniques to save money as well as protect the environment. Utility Sector Leaders Make Firm Commitment to Energy Efficiency More Documents & Publications Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources US - Brazil Binational Energy Working Group Joint Action Plan

89

E. O. Lawrence Award Nominations | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

E. O. E. O. Lawrence Award Nominations News Featured Articles Science Headlines 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Presentations & Testimony News Archives Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 12.04.12 E. O. Lawrence Award Nominations The Office of Science is now accepting nominations for the 2013 E. O. Lawrence Award. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Call for Nominations - 2013 E. O. Lawrence Award Nominations are sought for the 2013 E. O. Lawrence Awards beginning now through May 31, 2013. The outcome of the 2012 Lawrence Awards is anticipated to be announced soon. The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award is bestowed by the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Energy to mid-career scientists and engineers in recognition

90

Enrico Fermi Award Nominations | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Enrico Fermi Enrico Fermi Award Nominations News Featured Articles Science Headlines 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Presentations & Testimony News Archives Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 12.04.12 Enrico Fermi Award Nominations The Office of Science is now accepting nominations for the 2013 Enrico Fermi Award. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Call for Nominations - 2013 Enrico Fermi Award Nominations are sought for the 2013 Enrico Fermi Award beginning now through May 31, 2013. The outcome of the 2012 Fermi Award is anticipated to be announced soon. The Enrico Fermi Award is a Presidential award and one of the longest running and most prestigious science and technology awards given by the

91

Statement from Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman on the Nomination of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Nomination the Nomination of Thomas P. D'Agostino as Under Secretary for Nuclear Security and Administrator of NNSA Statement from Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman on the Nomination of Thomas P. D'Agostino as Under Secretary for Nuclear Security and Administrator of NNSA May 17, 2007 - 12:55pm Addthis "Today the President announced his intention to nominate Thomas P. D'Agostino as Under Secretary for Nuclear Security and Administrator of the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). Tom served as NNSA's Acting Administrator for three months and as Deputy Administrator for Defense Programs for the past fourteen months. In these roles, Tom has done an outstanding job and has earned my full confidence. With this nomination, we are making NNSA even stronger and I am eager to

92

A Review Of Water Contents Of Nominally Anhydrous Natural Minerals In The  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A Review Of Water Contents Of Nominally Anhydrous Natural Minerals In The A Review Of Water Contents Of Nominally Anhydrous Natural Minerals In The Mantles Of Earth, Mars And The Moon Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Review Of Water Contents Of Nominally Anhydrous Natural Minerals In The Mantles Of Earth, Mars And The Moon Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Olivine, pyroxene and garnet are nominally anhydrous but can accommodate tens to hundreds of parts per million (ppm) H2O or "water" in the form of protons incorporated in defects in their mineral structure. This review concerns the amount of water in nominally anhydrous minerals from mantle and mantle-derived rocks: peridotites, eclogites, megacrysts, basalts and kimberlites. Trends between internal and external parameters

93

U.S. Department of Energy Selects Venture Capital Firms to Accelerate...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Venture Capital Firms to Accelerate Adoption of Advanced Energy Technologies U.S. Department of Energy Selects Venture Capital Firms to Accelerate Adoption of Advanced Energy...

94

FirmGreen Energy Inc FGE | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FirmGreen Energy Inc FGE FirmGreen Energy Inc FGE Jump to: navigation, search Name FirmGreen Energy Inc (FGE) Place Irvine, California Zip 92612 Product FirmGreen Energy Inc is an integrated energy company participating in virtually all aspects of the global green energy business. Coordinates 41.837752°, -79.268594° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.837752,"lon":-79.268594,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

95

Fact Sheet: Wind Firming EnergyFarm (October 2012)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Institute (EPRI). The EnergyFarm will displace a planned 73 million natural-gas-fired power plant intended to smooth (or firm) the output of intermittent wind and solar energy....

96

The influence of institutional investors on firm value  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The impact of corporate governance on firm value has been extensively debated by academics and business practitioners. Some studies show that companies that allow minority shareholders to have more control are likely to ...

Lee, Yong Seung

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Coverage of Independent Audits of For-Profit Firms  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Government need an audit? Can the audit be integrated with the regular audit of a firm's financial statements? What are the objectives of the audit? What is the source of the...

98

Investment and Bidding Strategies in Markets for Firm Transmission Rights  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The first part of this paper addresses the applicability of the Markowitz portfolio theory to investing in Contracts for Firm Transmission Right (CFTRs) or Transmission Congestion Contracts (TCCs) typical for electricity markets in Northeastern US (PJM, ...

Aleksandr Rudkevich

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

When governments break contracts : foreign firms in emerging economies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Emerging economy governments commit to protect the property rights of foreign firms through a variety of contracts, from treaties to direct agreements. In an era of liberalized capital flows, these contracts are thought ...

Wellhausen, Rachel L. (Rachel Louise)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Y-12 cleaning technology licensed by local engineering firm ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cleaning technology ... Y-12 cleaning technology licensed by local engineering firm Posted: October 31, 2012 - 10:00am MK Technologies CEO and founder Mike Carroll and director of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "firm secondary nominations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Secondary fuel delivery system  

SciTech Connect

A secondary fuel delivery system for delivering a secondary stream of fuel and/or diluent to a secondary combustion zone located in the transition piece of a combustion engine, downstream of the engine primary combustion region is disclosed. The system includes a manifold formed integral to, and surrounding a portion of, the transition piece, a manifold inlet port, and a collection of injection nozzles. A flowsleeve augments fuel/diluent flow velocity and improves the system cooling effectiveness. Passive cooling elements, including effusion cooling holes located within the transition boundary and thermal-stress-dissipating gaps that resist thermal stress accumulation, provide supplemental heat dissipation in key areas. The system delivers a secondary fuel/diluent mixture to a secondary combustion zone located along the length of the transition piece, while reducing the impact of elevated vibration levels found within the transition piece and avoiding the heat dissipation difficulties often associated with traditional vibration reduction methods.

Parker, David M. (Oviedo, FL); Cai, Weidong (Oviedo, FL); Garan, Daniel W. (Orlando, FL); Harris, Arthur J. (Orlando, FL)

2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

102

U.S. Nominal Cost per Natural Gas Well Drilled (Thousand Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Natural Gas Well Drilled (Thousand Dollars per Well) U.S. Nominal Cost per Natural Gas Well Drilled (Thousand Dollars per Well) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

103

U.S. Nominal Cost per Foot of Natural Gas Wells Drilled (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Natural Gas Wells Drilled (Dollars per Foot) U.S. Nominal Cost per Foot of Natural Gas Wells Drilled (Dollars per Foot) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

104

U.S. Nominal Cost per Crude Oil Well Drilled (Thousand Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Oil Well Drilled (Thousand Dollars per Well) U.S. Nominal Cost per Crude Oil Well Drilled (Thousand Dollars per Well) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

105

U.S. Nominal Cost per Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Dry Well Drilled...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Oil, Natural Gas, and Dry Well Drilled (Thousand Dollars per Well) U.S. Nominal Cost per Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Dry Well Drilled (Thousand Dollars per Well) Decade Year-0...

106

U.S. Nominal Cost per Foot of Crude Oil Wells Drilled (Dollars...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oil Wells Drilled (Dollars per Foot) U.S. Nominal Cost per Foot of Crude Oil Wells Drilled (Dollars per Foot) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

107

U.S. Nominal Cost per Dry Well Drilled (Thousand Dollars per...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Dry Well Drilled (Thousand Dollars per Well) U.S. Nominal Cost per Dry Well Drilled (Thousand Dollars per Well) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

108

U.S. Nominal Cost per Foot of Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Dry...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Oil, Natural Gas, and Dry Wells Drilled (Dollars per Foot) U.S. Nominal Cost per Foot of Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Dry Wells Drilled (Dollars per Foot) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

109

University Academic Advising Awards Nomination Process Please follow the steps below in order to access and submit a nomination for the university advising awards.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

" represents the search term(s) you entered. However, you will see the site you just joined if you click the My. If you'd like to join any of them, click . E. To search for a particular site or group of sites: 1. Enter your search terms in the Search box. In order to submit your advising nomination form you must find

Virginia Tech

110

Utility Sector Leaders Make Firm Commitment to Energy Efficiency |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Utility Sector Leaders Make Firm Commitment to Energy Efficiency Utility Sector Leaders Make Firm Commitment to Energy Efficiency Utility Sector Leaders Make Firm Commitment to Energy Efficiency July 31, 2006 - 9:30am Addthis (San Francisco, Calif. - July 31, 2006) More than 80 energy, environmental and other organizations announced commitments and public statements in support of the National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency (NAPEE), released today, which provides energy consumers and providers information on policies and techniques to save money as well as protect the environment. By adopting the plan's recommendations on low-cost, under-used energy efficiency, Americans could save hundreds of billions of dollars on their gas and electric utility bills, cut greenhouse gas emissions, and lower the costs for energy and pollution controls.

111

Industry Recommendations: Characteristics, Investment Value, and Relation to Firm Recommendations *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study analysts ’ industry recommendations. We find that the distribution of industry recommendations is quite balanced. Analysts show more optimism towards industries with high levels of R&D, past profitability and past returns, as well as industries in which they are active as underwriters. Industry recommendations possess investment value as portfolios based on these recommendations generate abnormal returns. Finally, industry recommendations contain information which is orthogonal to that included in firm recommendations. Analysts benchmark their firm recommendations to industry peers regardless of their disclosures. Consequently, the investment value of analysts’ recommendations is enhanced when both industry and firm recommendations are used. An earlier version of this paper was circulated under the title “Do Industry Recommendations Have

Ohad Kadan; Leonardo Madureira; Rong Wang; Tzachi Zach; Reuven Lehavy; Roni Michaely; Brian Richter; Ajai Singh; Brett Trueman; Seminar Participants

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Firms as Incubators of Open-Source Software  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many successful open-source projects have been developed by programmers who were employed by firms but worked on open-source projects on the side because of economic incentives like career improvement benefits. Such side work may be a good thing for ... Keywords: business models, game theory, learning by doing, open-source software, principal/agent, programmer compensation, programmer incentives, signalling

Amit Mehra; Rajiv Dewan; Marshall Freimer

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

OM Forum---Operations Management Challenges for Some “Cleantech” Firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A “cleantech” firm is one with an innovative technology and/or business model for serving an existing market with dramatically reduced environmental impact. This paper describes operations management OM challenges faced by five cleantech ... Keywords: bankruptcy, capacity investment, energy, environment, process innovation, public policy, supply chain management

Erica L. Plambeck

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Firm performance impacts of digitally enabled supply chain integration capabilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Best practice exemplars suggest that digital platforms play a critical role in managing supply chain activities and partnerships that generate performance gains for firms. However, there is limited academic investigation on how and why information technology ... Keywords: IT infrastructure, customer relationships, operational excellence, revenue growth, supply chain integration, supply chain management

Arun Rai; Ravi Patnayakuni; Nainika Seth

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Pricing and Firm Conduct in California's Deregulated Electricity Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-fueled powerplants to private firms that bid daily to supply power. Southern California Edison divested the vast capacity in California. The remaining in-state capacity is two nuclear plants jointly owned by the utilities, a large number of hydroelectric units owned primarily by PG&E, and a variety of small independent

California at Berkeley. University of

116

Identifying web strategies for large-scale firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The World Wide Web has become increasingly important in helping businesses stay competitive. Hence, in the current business environment, it is essential for large firms in established industries to take advantage of the Web and all it has to offer in ... Keywords: integration, internet, organizational goals, strategy, web

Tuncay Bayrak

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Itinerary determination of imprecise mobile agents with firm deadline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In some applications, as part of a mobile agent mission, there may be the necessity of meeting a firm end-to-end deadline, although with some itinerary flexibility due to optional resources. This paper proposes an execution model based on the concept ... Keywords: Distributed systems, Mobile agents, Real-time

Luciana Rech; Carlos Montez; Rômulo Silva de Oliveira

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Zinc alkaline secondary battery  

SciTech Connect

A zinc alkaline secondary battery with improved service life in which a multi-layer separator is interposed between the negative and positive electrodes and the quantity of the alkaline electrolyte in the layer of the separator adjacent to the negative electrode is less than that of the electrolyte in the layer of the separator adjacent to the positive electrode.

Furukawa, N.; Nishizawa, N.

1983-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

119

Recycling and Secondary Recovery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

"Applying Ausmelt Technology to Recover Cu, Ni, and Co from Slags" .... " Enhancing Cobalt Recovery from Primary and Secondary Resources" .... " Modifying Alumina Red Mud to Support a Revegetation Cover" (Research .... " Recycling Used Automotive Oil Filters" (Research Summary), K.D. Peaslee, February 1994, pp.

120

Nominations open for $250,000 Multimedia Clean Energy prizes | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nominations open for $250,000 Multimedia Clean Energy prizes Nominations open for $250,000 Multimedia Clean Energy prizes Home > Groups > Utility Rate Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 2 October, 2012 - 13:01 American Clean Skies Foundation clean energy Energy Visions Prize OpenEI WASHINGTON, D.C. (September 27, 2012) - Representatives of the $250,000 Energy Visions Prize (EVP) competition will attend the Cleanweb Hackathons in NYC, Houston and SXSW Eco in Austin to preview innovative clean energy apps and encourage nominations. The EVP rewards innovative software and video makers who advance clean energy solutions. Based on growing national interest in the competition, the prize sponsor, the American Clean Skies Foundation (ACSF), also announced that it has extended the submission deadline until December 14, 2012.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "firm secondary nominations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

SECONDARY ELECTRON MULTIPLIERS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A secondary emission multiplier having exceptionally high output signal current is described. In previous multiplier tubes the output signal current was limited by the space charge surrounding the electrodes. The present multiplier tubes provides a source of ions within the tube adjacent the anode to neutralize the space charge effect, and the dynode voltage is switched on intermittently for periods of time so brief that the ions do not move towards the cathode.

Morton, G.A.; Green, M.W.

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Are Foreign Firms Privileged By Their Host Governments? Evidence From The 2000 World Business Environment Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the data from World Business Environment Survey (WBES) on over 10,000 firms across eighty one countries, this paper finds preliminary evidence that foreign firms enjoy significant regulatory advantages - as perceived ...

Huang, Yasheng

2005-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

123

Carbon Fund for Spanish Firms FC2E | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Spanish Firms FC2E Jump to: navigation, search Name Carbon Fund for Spanish Firms (FC2E) Place Spain Sector Carbon Product String representation "Instituto de Cr ... from the...

124

Complementary capabilities in dynamic environments : the evolution of professional services in information technology product firms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The innovative firm must continually evaluate its boundaries - decisions often shaped through make-buy-partner evaluations and choices about where to define the firm's competences. Building off of earlier work that suggests ...

Anderson, Phillip C., Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Do Investors Forecast Fat Firms? Evidence from the Gold Mining Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economists’ Gold Price Forecasts,” Australian Journal ofDo Investors Forecast Fat Firms? Evidence from the Gold

Borenstein, Severin; Farrell, Joseph

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

A Nominal Filter for Web Search Snippets: Using the Web to Identify Members of Latin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Nominal Filter for Web Search Snippets: Using the Web to Identify Members of Latin America. This paper presents efforts aimed at using Natural Language Engineering (NLE) techniques to solve of three Latin American countries: Uruguay, Argentina and Colombia. An NLE system is under construction

Turner, William

127

U.S. Nominal Cost per Foot of Dry Wells Drilled (Dollars per...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Dry Wells Drilled (Dollars per Foot) U.S. Nominal Cost per Foot of Dry Wells Drilled (Dollars per Foot) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

128

Application / Nomination Form TIAA-CREF Ruth Simms Hamilton Graduate Merit Fellowship  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Application / Nomination Form for TIAA-CREF Ruth Simms Hamilton Graduate Merit Fellowship 2013 the subject line reads "TIAA-CREF Fellowship Application ­ (applicant's name)". Questions? Please contact Dean Klomparens (kklompar@grd.msu.edu). The Fellowship award will be announced by mid-January, 2014. The TIAA

Liu, Taosheng

129

Pre-Entry Knowledge, Learning, and the Survival of New Firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New firms are endowed with knowledge and experience at birth through the human capital of their founder(s). Existing empirical research suggests that this pre-entry knowledge and experience will influence the firm's chances of survival; however, the ... Keywords: adaptation, business planning, entrepreneurship, evolutionary economics, firm survival, human capital, knowledge, learning, prior experience, unemployment

John C. Dencker; Marc Gruber; Sonali K. Shah

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Firm Racial Segregation and Affirmative Action in the Highway Construction Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper I document that highway construction firms in California, particularly those owned by Blacks and Asians, exhibit considerable racial segregation in that they are disproportionately located in zip codes with the greatest concentration of own-race residents. I find that segregated firms serve a larger market than minority-owned firms that are not segregated, and this effect is concentrated in Black-owned firms. I next exploit the segregation of firms to examine the effect of affirmative action on the success of minority-owned firms. Following the significant curtailment of affirmative action in California due to a direct statewide ballot initiative, the number of highway construction establishments located in zip codes with the highest concentrations of Black and Asian residents fell relative to the rest of the state, even conditional on the number of non-construction establishments. This suggests that affirmative action policies may play a role in the net survival rates of minority-owned firms.

Justin Marion

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Koizumi stands firm to Chirac on Japan hosting nuclear project Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi said Sunday that Japan stood firm in its attempt to host a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Koizumi said Sunday that Japan stood firm in its attempt to host a revolutionary nuclear reactor, amid EUKoizumi stands firm to Chirac on Japan hosting nuclear project 27/03/2005 Prime Minister Junichiro Jacques Chirac discussed the deadlock over the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER

132

Price Variation Antagonism and Firm Pricing Policies 1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Pricing schemes that vary prices in response to demand shocks may antagonize consumers and reduce demand. At the same time, consumers may take advantage of the opportunities offered by price changes. Overall, the net impact of varying price on demand is ambiguous. We investigate the issue empirically, exploiting a unique dataset from a firm that has experimented with different pricing schemes. Each scheme is characterized by how much prices respond to demand variations. Holding average price and other variables constant, we find that demand is higher when prices vary more. We discuss the implications of our findings with regard to the consumer antagonism hypothesis.

Pascal Courty; Mario Pagliero; Jel D; Christopher Milde; Frank Vella; All Introduction

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

The Impacts of IT on Firm and Industry Stucture: The Personal Computer Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

company reports and industry averages, ,to Rapid Change in the PC Industry,” California ManagementImpacts of IT on Firm and Industry Structure: The Personal

Dedrick, Jason; Kraemer, Kenneth L

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Financial liberalisation and the capital structure of firms listed on the Johannesburg stock exchange.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis examines the impact of financial liberalisation on the capital structure of non-financial firms listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE). The research hypotheses… (more)

Chipeta, Chimwemwe

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Offshore Wind Power - Opportunity and strategy for a small engineering consultants firm.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??GVA is a small engineering consultancy firm, with specialized focus in design of floating structures such as oil production platforms. The key business is at… (more)

Jobson Sellström, Carin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

When Do Firms Hire Lobbyists? The Organization of Lobbying at the Federal Communications Commission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the explanatory power of transaction cost economics to explain vertical integration decisions for lobbying by firms. We examine 150 lobbying contacts at the Federal Communications ...

de Figueiredo, John

2004-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

137

SF6432-FP (02-01-12) Firm Fixed Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2/01/12 2/01/12 Page 1 of 21 Printed copies of this document are uncontrolled. Retrieve latest version electronically. SANDIA CORPORATION SF 6432-FP (02/01/12) Section II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR FIRM-FIXED PRICE CONTRACTS THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO THIS CONTRACT AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN THE COVER PAGE OR SECTION I. (CTRL+CLICK ON A LINK BELOW TO ADVANCE DIRECTLY TO THAT SECTION) ACCEPTANCE OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS (Ts&Cs) APPLICABLE LAW ASSIGNMENT BANKRUPTCY DEFINITIONS DISPUTES EXCESS FREIGHT CHARGES EXCUSABLE DELAYS EXPORT CONTROL EXTRAS AND VARIATION IN QUANTITY GOVERNMENT PROPERTY MATERIAL AND EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING AND TESTING STANDARDS

138

Gradually Truncated Log-normal distribution- Size distribution of firms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many natural and economical phenomena are described through power law or log-normal distributions. In these cases, probability decreases very slowly with step size compared to normal distribution. Thus it is essential to cut-off these distributions for larger step size. Recently we introduce the gradually truncated power law distribution to successfully describe variation of financial, educational, physical and citation index. In the present work, we introduce gradually truncated log-normal distribution in which we gradually cut-off larger steps due to physical limitation of the system. We applied this distribution successfully to size distribution of USA´s manufactoring firms which is measured through their annual sell. The physical limitation are due to limited market size or shortage of highly competent executives. I.

Hari M. Gupta; José R. Campanha

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Foreign firms to get equal opportunity in Mexican selloff plans  

SciTech Connect

Petroleos Mexicanos (Pemex) has not finalized details of its long-awaited petrochemical privatization program. However, the state oil group has made it clear the selloff schedule, due to begin during the next two months, will give equal investment opportunity to foreign firms, dashing the hopes of Mexican groups that they would be given first right of refusal in the privatization program. Meanwhile, Pemex has agreed with Shell Oil on a previously announced refining joint venture involving Shell's 225,000-bbl/day refinery at Deer Park, TX. Under the plan, Pemex will purchase a 50% stake in the refinery and join Shell in a $1-billion upgrade with would enable it to handle more Mexican crude. Sources believe that Shell and other US oil groups are interested in acquiring assets from Pemex Petroquimica.

Wood, A.; Alvarez, C.

1993-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

140

Nominal Exchange Rate Regimes and Relative Price Dispersion: On the Importance of Nominal Exchange Rate Volatility for the Width of the Border †  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on a broad set of regional aggregated and disaggregated consumer price index (CPI) data from major industrialized countries in Asia, North America and Europe we are examining the role that national borders play for goods market integration. In line with the existing literature we find that intra-national markets are better integrated than international market. Additionally, our results show that there is a large ’ocean ’ effect, i.e., inter-continental markets are significantly more segmented than intra-continental markets. To examine the impact of the establishment of the European Monetary Union (EMU) on integration, we are splitting our sample in a pre-EMU and EMU sample. We find that border effects across EMU countries reduce by about 80 % to 90 % after 1999 whereas border estimates across non-EMU countries have basically not changed. Since globally effective factors have affected all countries in our sample similarly and major integration efforts across EMU countries were made before 1999, we suggest that most of the reduction in EMU border estimates has been ’nominal’. Panel unit root evidence shows that the observed large differences in integration across intra- and inter-continental markets remain valid in the longrun. This finding implies that real factors are responsible for the documented segmentations across our sample countries.

Guenter W. Beck

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "firm secondary nominations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

secondary fuels | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

secondary fuels secondary fuels Dataset Summary Description The then UK Department of Energy, in conjunction with the UK Government Statistical Service published statistics on the primary and secondary fuel consumption and inputs for the year 1974. The original data table is available: http://www.decc.gov.uk/assets/decc/statistics/publications/flow/file47684.pdf. The Excel file published here was generated by a 3rd party to reflect all data contained in the original. Source UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords coal DUKES Hydro Natural Gas nuclear electricity Petroleum secondary fuels UK Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon UK.1974.xlsx (xlsx, 33.4 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed

142

Recruiting for Ideas: How Firms Exploit the Prior Inventions of New Hires  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When firms recruit inventors, they acquire not only the use of their skills but also enhanced access to their stock of ideas. But do hiring firms actually increase their use of new recruits' prior inventions? Our estimates suggest they do, quite significantly ... Keywords: access to ideas, coarsened exact matching, collaborative networks, difference in differences, inventor mobility, knowledge spillovers, learning by hiring, patent citations

Jasjit Singh; Ajay Agrawal

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Shaping agility through digital options: reconceptualizing the role of information technology in contemporary firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Agility is vital to the innovation and competitive performance of firms in contemporary business environments. Firms are increasingly relying on information technologies, including process, knowledge, and communication technologies, to enhance their ... Keywords: IT competence, digital options, knowledge capital, process capital, strategic agility

V. Sambamurthy; Anandhi Bharadwaj; Varun Grover

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

A New Approach for Firm Value and Default Probability Estimation beyond Merton Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a new model to assess the firm value and the default probability by using a bivariate contingent claim analysis and copula theory. First we discuss an unfeasible case, given the current derivative market on corporate bonds, which ... Keywords: Bivariate option, Copula, Firm value, G12, G30, G32, No arbitrage, Structural models

Maria Elena Giuli; Dean Fantazzini; Mario Alessandro Maggi

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

An elusive antecedent of superior firm performance: The knowledge management factor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Knowledge management (KM) concepts, principles, and technologies provide a foundation for understanding and building systems for acquiring, assimilating, selecting, generating, and emitting knowledge-a crucial resource of the firm. In the knowledge management ... Keywords: COMPUSTAT, Financial performance, Firm performance, KM, Knowledge management, Resource-based theory

Clyde W. Holsapple; Jiming Wu

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Detecting information technology impact on firm performance using DEA and decision tree  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a modern organisation, it is crucial and common for managers to effectively detect the impact of Information Technology (IT) on firm performance. This allows companies to maintain a competitive edge in rapidly changing business environments ... Keywords: DEA, IT impact, classification, data envelopment analysis, decision tree, decison making, firm performance, information technology, organisational performance

Desheng Wu

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Wall Street vs. Main Street: Firm Strategies for Defending Legitimacy and Their Impact on Different Stakeholders  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We assess the effect of firm strategies to defend legitimacy on two different stakeholder groups—the public (“Main Street”) and the investment community (“Wall Street”). We identify four types of firm strategies in response ... Keywords: crisis response, legitimacy, stakeholder theory, stigma management, thought worlds

Anna Lamin; Srilata Zaheer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Firm-based Measurements of Market Power in Transmission-Constrained Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Firm-based Measurements of Market Power in Transmission-Constrained Electricity Markets: Technical: Transmission constraints, electricity markets, market power, market power index, residual supply index. 1 approaches to analyzing firm-based market power con- sidering transmission constraints are proposed. One

Baldick, Ross

149

Corporate Investment, Book-to-Market, Firm Size and Stock Returns: Empirical Evidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the empirical relations among firm-level investment growth, market value of equity, bookto-market ratio (B/M), and stock returns. Under the widely used Fama and French (FF) methods, firms classified as big and low-B/M (B/L) significantly accelerate investment prior to the classification year. Their market values of equity rise and their leverage levels diminish. Firms classified as small and high-B/M (S/H) reduce investment and increase leverage. In other words, FF classification methods implicitly assign firms to portfolios conditional on past investment growth. Berk, Green, and Naik (BGN, 1999) offer a model and simulations consistent with such patterns in firm-level fundamentals. BGN’s model also predicts that systematic risk and expected equity returns evolve dynamically with firm-level investment, and that firm fundamentals such as B/M and firm size proxy for investment-related changes in risk. Consistent with BGN, we find that average raw returns vary across portfolios of stocks formed on the basis of past investment growth. We find weakened evidence of a value premium after categorizing stocks by investment growth. Investment growth also has explanatory power in cross-sectional and timeseries regressions of stock returns and appears to provide information similar to that of B/M.

Christopher W. Anderson; Luis Garcia-Feijóo

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Firm Size Transmission Effect and Price-Volume Relationship Analysis During Financial Tsunami Periods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Investors attend importance to forecast the price of financial assets, thus, the factors affecting the stock price are usually the focus of financial research in the field, in which the most important factors to scholars are firm size transmission effect ... Keywords: Cointegration Test, Firm Size Transmission Effect, Granger-Causality Test, Price-Volume Relationship, Unit Root Test

Wei-Chiang Samuelson Hong; Shih-Yung Wei; Kai Wang

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Firm-Created Word-of-Mouth Communication: Evidence from a Field Test  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we investigate the effectiveness of a firm's proactive management of customer-to-customer communication. We are particularly interested in understanding how, if at all, the firm should go about effecting meaningful word-of-mouth (WOM) ... Keywords: advertising, promotion, word of mouth

David Godes; Dina Mayzlin

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Supporting international entry decisions for construction firms using fuzzy preference relations and cumulative prospect theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper emphasizes on supporting international entry decisions for construction firms in a three-phase analysis process. Phase I identified significant factors as two categories, namely country and project factor levels. Phase II stuck on identifying ... Keywords: Alternative selection, Construction firms, Cumulative prospect theory, Fuzzy preference relations, International construction market

Min-Yuan Cheng; Hsing-Chih Tsai; Kai-Hsiang Chuang

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Firms' information security investment decisions: Stock market evidence of investors' behavior  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the information society, it is important for firms to manage their core information resources securely. However, the difficulty of measuring the return on an IT security investment is one of the critical obstacles for firms in making such investment ... Keywords: Abnormal returns, Event methodology, Information security investment, Investors' behavior, Market value, Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX)

Sangmi Chai; Minkyun Kim; H. Raghav Rao

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Trainers by design : a case study of inter-firm learning, institution building and local governance in western Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studies of international economic development often feature the competitive gains from inter-firm cooperation. By cooperating, firms within a region can draw on their collective resources and experience to test out new ...

Lowe, Nichola J

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Satellite power system (SPS). Rectenna siting: availability and distribution of nominally eligible sites  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Siting of 60 ground receiving stations (rectennas) for the SPS may pose a problem due to the large area per rectenna (15,000 hectares, 38,000 acres) and numerous siting constraints. This study analyzes areas potentially eligible for rectenna sites by mapping, at a national scale, those conditions which would preclude rectenna construction. These exclusion variables which reflect restricted lands, topography, safety, national policy and electromagnetic (microwave) effects, have been computer encoded and tabulated. Subsequent analysis of the nine electric power planning regions that make up the contiguous states indicate an apparently adequate number of nominally eligible sites in all regions in comparison to projected electrical generation. Eligibility in this context means only that areas were not excluded in this national level analysis; more detailed investigation may reveal purely local constraints or smaller scale exclusions. A second major qualification relates to small isolated eligible areas. Eliminating individual eligible clusters with less than nine times the area of one rectenna eliminates much of the Eastern US; a four-to-one adjacent eligible area test poses no such problem. An independant study of the placement of 60 nominal sites in relation to projected load centers reveals that, even with modest transmission distances, the supply of eligible areas is not a key constraint, except perhaps in the Mid-Atlantic (Electric Reliability) Council Region. Even when several less critical (potential) exclusions are considered, more than 19% of the US is eligible; every region except Mid-Atlantic has at least 50 times an many eligible sites as are required.

Not Available

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Firm Level Investment in France and the United States: An Exploration of What We Have Learned in Twenty Years  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and that their capital intensity has increased between thethis aggregate level. The capital intensity for firms in the

Hall, Bronwyn H.; Mairesse, Jacques; Mulkay, Benoit

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Secondary Containment Design for a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Secondary containment for high speed rotating machinery, such as a centrifuge, is extremely important for operating personnel safety. Containment techniques can be very costly, ungainly and time consuming to construct. A novel containment concept is introduced which is fabricated out of modular sections of polycarbonate glazed into a Unistrut metal frame. A containment study for a high speed centrifuge is performed which includes the development of parameters for secondary containment design. The Unistrut/polycarbonate shield framing concept is presented including design details and proof testing procedures. The economical fabrication and modularity of the design indicates a usefulness for this shielding system in a

High Speed Centrifuge; Keith W. Snyder

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Measuring Firm Performance at the Network Level: A Nomology of the Business Impact of Digital Supply Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For decades, information technology has been posited to have a major impact on firm performance. Investigations into this line of inquiry have almost always used constructs related to individual firm performance as their dependent measures, ... Keywords: Business Networks, E-Business, E-Commerce, Firm Performance, Supply Chains, Supply Networks

Detmar Straub; Arun Rai; Richard Klein

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Firm Size and Industry Structure Under Human Capital Intensity: Insights from the Evolution of the Global Advertising Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although existing literature assumes that the human capital intensity of professional services leads to small and flimsy firms, several professional services feature large, long-lived firms. To develop insights about firm size and industry structure ... Keywords: advertising agencies, financial intermediation, human capital, industry evolution, industry structure, professional services, vertical differentiation

Andrew von Nordenflycht

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Measuring the relative efficiency of IC design firms using the directional distance function and a meta-frontier approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an alternative approach for evaluating the efficiency of integrated circuit (IC) design firms. In doing so, it accounts for differences between technology groups containing one or more design firms, and input and output factors to ... Keywords: Directional distance function, Group-frontier, IC design firm, Meta-frontier, Performance evaluations

Bo Hsiao; Ching-Chin Chern; Ming-Miin Yu

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "firm secondary nominations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Please Hold Me UP: Why Firms Grant Exclusive-Dealing Contracts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Why do irreplaceable firms with a choice of suppliers or customers deliberately expose themselves to the threat of hold up by contracting ex ante to deal with only one of them? Our explanation revolves around the multiple equilibria intrinsic to situations of unverifiable investment and many traders. Exclusive dealing eliminates inecient equilibria in which too many firms invest too little. The enhanced ex post bargaining power of the chosen Ţrm is beneficial for incentives whilst the distributional impact is more than oset in the ex ante negotiations over which this firm obtains the access privelege.

David de Meza; Marianno Selvaggi

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

U.S. Department of Energy Selects Venture Capital Firms to Accelerate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Venture Capital Firms to Venture Capital Firms to Accelerate Adoption of Advanced Energy Technologies U.S. Department of Energy Selects Venture Capital Firms to Accelerate Adoption of Advanced Energy Technologies February 27, 2008 - 11:43am Addthis SAN FRANCISCO, CA - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Alexander Karsner today announced the competitive selection of three venture capital firms to participate in DOE's newly established Entrepreneur in Residence (EIR) pilot program, which aims to accelerate deployment and commercialization of advanced clean energy technologies from three DOE National Laboratories into the global marketplace. The EIR pilot program furthers President Bush's comprehensive strategy to reduce our nation's dependence on foreign oil and

163

Secretary Chu to Tour Leading Solar Firm in Boston Area | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Secretary Chu to Tour Leading Solar Firm in Boston Area Secretary Chu to Tour Leading Solar Firm in Boston Area Secretary Chu to Tour Leading Solar Firm in Boston Area December 1, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - On Thursday, December 2, 2010, US Energy Secretary Steven Chu will be joined by Dr. Arun Majumdar, ARPA-E Director, to tour 1366 Technologies, a leading solar technology firm that is developing more cost efficient solar panels. 1366 received a $4 million Recovery Act grant through the Department of Energy's Advance Research Project Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) program in October 2009. 1366 is a shining star, real example showcasing Boston as a leader in the clean energy sector. Since receiving the Recovery Act funds 1366 Technologies has made rapid technical progress towards its goal of halving the cost of solar energy. It has also hired 15

164

Secretary Chu to Tour Leading Solar Firm in Boston Area | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tour Leading Solar Firm in Boston Area Tour Leading Solar Firm in Boston Area Secretary Chu to Tour Leading Solar Firm in Boston Area December 1, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - On Thursday, December 2, 2010, US Energy Secretary Steven Chu will be joined by Dr. Arun Majumdar, ARPA-E Director, to tour 1366 Technologies, a leading solar technology firm that is developing more cost efficient solar panels. 1366 received a $4 million Recovery Act grant through the Department of Energy's Advance Research Project Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) program in October 2009. 1366 is a shining star, real example showcasing Boston as a leader in the clean energy sector. Since receiving the Recovery Act funds 1366 Technologies has made rapid technical progress towards its goal of halving the cost of solar energy. It has also hired 15

165

How Sales Taxes Affect Customer and Firm Behavior: The Role of Search on the Internet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When a multichannel retailer opens its first retail store in a state, the firm is obligated to collect sales taxes on all Internet and catalog orders shipped to that state. This article assesses how opening a store affects ...

Anderson, Eric T.

166

Material scarcity from the perspective of manufacturing firms : case studies of platinum and cobalt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many agree that materials availability, especially non-renewable materials, is an issue of global concern. However, the implications and strategy options for manufacturing firms are not obvious. Manufacturers select materials ...

Alonso, Elisa (Elisa Yun Han)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Organization and Information: Firms' Governance Choices in Rational-expectations Equilibrium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze a rational-expectations model of price formation in an intermediate-good market under uncertainty. There is a continuum of firms, each consisting of a party who can reduce production cost and a party who can ...

Gibbons, Robert S.

168

What is the value of logistics for a large pharmaceutical firm?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding business needs arising out of both, external and internal environments, is an essential first step in determining the value of logistics in a large pharmaceutical firm. In this research, we have used a variety ...

Tiwari, Prasoon, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Mediating regional development : how metalworking firms forged lasting linkages with steel in Ciudad, Guayana, Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ever since the late 1950s, planners have lured large firms to lagging regions with the expectation that they will trigger local industrial activity. According to the literatures on unbalanced growth, growth poles, foreign ...

Döhnert, Sylvia, 1970-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

The strategic use of an information system in supporting architectural design decisions for a design firm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is to illustrate how a computer-based information system for supporting decision making, that is a Decision Support System (DSS), can be utilized as a strategic tool in architectural design for a firm. The ...

Liu, Lu, M.S. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

The Value Relevance of IT Investments on Firm Value in the Financial Services Sector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding and assessing the payoff from investments in IT is an important exercise for managers. A number of researchers have examined the elusive notion of firm-level information system effectiveness and the results are mixed. This study contributes ...

Ram S. Sriram; Gopal V. Krishnan

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

How to transition Chinese firms into world-class corporations : organizational and cultural innovations are key  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Entering the 21st Century, after almost 30 years development of the Chinese economy, several famous Chinese firms have grown to a significant scale and achieved the rudiments of world-class corporations. Following Japanese ...

Zhao, Zhongyao (Zhongyao Charls)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Social performance as a predictor of peer nominations in newly formed groups: a short-term longitudinal study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We assessed the predictive ability of social performance as measured by the Checklist of Adolescent Problem Situations (CAPS; Cavell & Kelley, 1995) for peer nominations of likability and four behavioral dimensions. The CAPS contains seven scales: Make Friends, Keep Friends, Parents, Siblings, School, work, and Problem Behavior. High scores on these scales are indicative of inadequacy in functioning in that area. Subjects were academically atrisk adolescents who participated in a university-based summer enhancement program. The subjects were previously unacquainted, allowing us to control for the effects of reputation. The CAPS was administered prior to the program and peer nominations were obtained at the end of 8 weeks. Subjects who received higher scores on the Keep Friends and Problem Behavior scales were more likely to receive fewer nominations of friendliness than were subjects whose scores were low on these scales. Social impact scores, determined by nominations of likability, were significantly positively correlated with scores on the Make Friends scale. Rejected adolescents had greater difficulty in work-related situations than either popular or neglected adolescents. The most interesting finding was an interaction effect between sociometric status and gender on the Sibling scale. The clinical and research implications of these findings are discussed.

Kinnee, Chandra Leigh Spencer

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Life of Plant Activity Estimates for a Nominal 1000 MWe Pressurized Water Reactor and Boiling Water Reactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decommissioning nuclear power plant and disposal site managers must understand the radioactive source term of a nuclear power plant to effectively manage disposition of these materials. This study estimates the radioactive source term from nominal 1000 MWe pressurized water and boiling water reactors to support decisions related to radioactive waste storage, processing, and disposal through decommissioning.BackgroundThis study examines the radionuclide ...

2012-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

175

Selection of infectious medical waste disposal firms by using the analytic hierarchy process and sensitivity analysis  

SciTech Connect

While Taiwanese hospitals dispose of large amounts of medical waste to ensure sanitation and personal hygiene, doing so inefficiently creates potential environmental hazards and increases operational expenses. However, hospitals lack objective criteria to select the most appropriate waste disposal firm and evaluate its performance, instead relying on their own subjective judgment and previous experiences. Therefore, this work presents an analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method to objectively select medical waste disposal firms based on the results of interviews with experts in the field, thus reducing overhead costs and enhancing medical waste management. An appropriate weight criterion based on AHP is derived to assess the effectiveness of medical waste disposal firms. The proposed AHP-based method offers a more efficient and precise means of selecting medical waste firms than subjective assessment methods do, thus reducing the potential risks for hospitals. Analysis results indicate that the medical sector selects the most appropriate infectious medical waste disposal firm based on the following rank: matching degree, contractor's qualifications, contractor's service capability, contractor's equipment and economic factors. By providing hospitals with an effective means of evaluating medical waste disposal firms, the proposed AHP method can reduce overhead costs and enable medical waste management to understand the market demand in the health sector. Moreover, performed through use of Expert Choice software, sensitivity analysis can survey the criterion weight of the degree of influence with an alternative hierarchy.

Hsu, P.-F. [Department of Communications Management, Shih Hsin University, No.1, Lane 17, Mu-Cha Road, Sec.1, Taipei 11604, Taiwan (China)], E-mail: celina9@ms26.hinet.net; Wu, C.-R. [Graduate Institute of Business and Management, Yuanpei University, 306 Yuanpei Street, Hsin Chu 300, Taiwan (China)], E-mail: alexru00@ms41.hinet.net; Li, Y.-T. [Graduate Institute of Business and Management, Yuanpei University, 306 Yuanpei Street, Hsin Chu 300, Taiwan (China)], E-mail: ting.ding@msa.hinet.net

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Why Put All Your Eggs in One Basket? A Competition-Based View of How Technological Uncertainty Affects a Firm’s Technological Specialization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conventional wisdom suggests that when a firm faces technological uncertainty, it responds by becoming less technologically specialized so as to remain adaptable to subsequent resolution of this uncertainty. We adopt a competition-based view of technological ... Keywords: competition, innovation, technological specialization, technological uncertainty

Puay Khoon Toh; Taekyu Kim

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Building a secondary containment system  

SciTech Connect

Retail fertilizer and pesticide dealers across the United States are installing secondary containment at their facilities or are seriously considering it. Much of this work is in response to new state regulations; however, many dealers not facing new regulations are upgrading their facilities to reduce their liability, lower their insurance costs, or comply with anticipated regulations. The Tennessee Valley Authority`s (TVA) National Fertilizer and Environmental Research Center (NFERC) has assisted dealers in 22 states in retrofitting containment to their facilities. Simultaneous improvements in the operational efficiency of the facilities have been achieved at many of the sites. This paper is based on experience gained in that work and details the rationale used in planning secondary containment and facility modifications.

Broder, M.F.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

The Effects Of Port Security Compliance On The Competitiveness Of European Union Maritime Industry Firms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT The Effects Of Port Security Compliance On The Competitiveness Of European Union Maritime Industry Firms. (May 2013) Jonathan Stone Department of Maritime Administration Texas A&M University Research Advisor: Dr. Joan Mileski Department of Maritime Administration Prior research has addressed European Union (EU) water transportation policy and its impact on firm strategy. We extend this research by attempting to measure the effect of port security regulation compliance implementation on the perceived competitiveness of maritime firms located in European Union ports. We ask the question: Can firm specific implementation of required port security compliance enhance or hinder a firm’s competitive advantage? We use Resource-Based Strategic Theory as a framework for evaluating competitiveness. Resource based theory purports that assets and systems can give a firm a competitive advantage if they follow the “VRIN” criteria of Valuable, Rare, Inimitable, and Not easily substitutable. We ask via email and snail mail survey instrument whether certain security assets, resources and systems are “VRIN” and whether these assets, resources and systems give competitive advantage to the firm. The type of resources/assets/systems include physical assets such as fencing; ongoing management assets such as communication systems, planning and structuring management assets such as security planning systems; human assets such as employee knowledge; technological assets such as software protection; intangible assets such as a safety culture and financial assets such as cost savings from security compliance. We administer the instrument to all firms operating in EU ports in 2011-2012. A list of firms is obtained from IHSfairplay Ports and Terminals Guide. The results of the survey shows that most managers do not perceive a competitive advantage was gained in the way security assets/resources/management systems were implemented. However, a strong minority 34.12% of managers did perceive competitive advantage was gained from port security compliance where systems/assets/resources were not easily imitated or the “I.” Furthermore, managers perceive where they were located within the port as an important advantage to security and competitiveness.

Stone, Jonathan Taylor

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Abatement of Air Pollution: Connecticut Primary and Secondary...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Connecticut Primary and Secondary Standards (Connecticut) Abatement of Air Pollution: Connecticut Primary and Secondary Standards (Connecticut) Eligibility Agricultural Commercial...

180

TEXAS SALES AND USE TAX EXEMPTION CERTIFICATION Name of purchaser, firm or agency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TEXAS SALES AND USE TAX EXEMPTION CERTIFICATION Name of purchaser, firm or agency Address (Street Tax Act; County Health Services Sales and Use Tax; The Texas Health and Safety Code; Special certificate to the Comptroller of Public Accounts. 01-339 (Back) (Rev. 11-95/3) Texas AgriLife Research

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "firm secondary nominations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Operational Compliance Levers, Environmental Performance, and Firm Performance Under Cap and Trade Regulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cap and trade programs impose limits on industry emissions but offer individual firms the flexibility to choose among different operational levers toward compliance, including inputs, process changes, and the use of allowances to account for emissions. ... Keywords: cap and trade, empirical research, environmental compliance, environmental operations, public policy

James Kroes; Ravi Subramanian; Ramanath Subramanyam

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Assessing the impact of knowledge management strategies announcements on the market value of firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although there is much literature on the relationship between KM strategies and organizational performance, the benefit of KM strategies is not well understood. We addressed this issue by exploring how KM strategies influence a firm's market value using ... Keywords: Event study methodology, Knowledge management strategy, Knowledge-based view, Market value, Stock market reaction

Byounggu Choi; Ana Maria Jong

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Do Generation Firms in Restructured Electricity Markets Have Incentives to Support Socially-Efficient Transmission Investments? *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that generation firms have in restructured electricity markets for supporting long-term transmission investments electricity markets, have the incentives to fund or support social-welfare-improving transmission investments.S. transmission system is under stress (Abraham, 2002). Growth of electricity demand and new generation capacity

184

Acquisition and management of technology-based firms in a trading and investment company  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Among several key factors affecting new technology innovation, two important ones that are sometimes disturbed by M&A are long-term p-ans and the commitment of the acquired firm's management team. M&A led by technology ...

Tanaka, Jin, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Technology policy for the knowledge economy: Public support to young ICT service firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Public intervention in high-tech sectors is often advocated to resolve market imperfections that may possibly limit the viability of young high-tech enterprises. Although some European countries have adopted national government support policies that ... Keywords: Horizontal direct public subsidies, Italy, Young ICT service firms

Massimo G. Colombo; Luca Grilli

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Productivity and Performance Effects of Business Process Reengineering: A Firm-Level Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We empirically investigate whether business process reengineering (BPR), which requires substantial investment in information technology to integrate separate tasks into complete cross-functional processes, is associated with enhanced firm productivity ... Keywords: Business Process Reengineering, Business Value Of Information Technology, Panel Regression, Productivity

Kemal Altinkemer; Yasin Ozcelik; Zafer Ozdemir

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Dynamic Efficiency and the Regulated Firm: Evidence from Interfirm Trade in Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents an empirical analysis of the value of a coordinated market exchange mechanism. I present a model of efficient trading mechanisms under uncertainty, and develop a measure of the value of an interfirm trade agreement in the context of sequential `buy-versus-produce' decisionmaking by firms. The theory is applied to estimate the value of a formal trading institution in the California electricity market, where an interutility power pool has been proposed to restructure the electric power industry. I develop an empirical model of the optimal production and trading decisions for a firm in such a pool, and estimate state-contingent willingness-to-trade functions for each of the four major utilities in this market. With this information, I estimate the distribution of future costs that would obtain if an efficient exchange mechanism arbitraged away observed differences between willingness-to-buy and willingness-to-sell among the sample firms. The principal finding is that with the simple, relatively state-independent bilateral contracts observed in this market, the sample firms achieve within 4% of the theoretical minimum expected costs available with a complete statecontingent exchange mechanism. This difference represents an opportunity cost of approximately $250 million per year. I conclude with regulatory and managerial explanations for the absence of a more efficient state-contingent trading mechanism, and implications for deregulating electric power markets.

Matthew W. White; Matthew W. White; Alvin Klevorick; Daniel Mcfadden; Ariel Pakes

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

NOMINATION FOR THE PROJECT MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE (PMI) PROJECT OF THE YEAR AWARD INTEGRATED DISPOSAL FACILITY (IDF)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc. (CH2M HILL) is pleased to nominate the Integrated Disposal Facility (IDF) project for the Project Management Institute's consideration as 2007 Project of the Year, Built for the U.S, Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of River Protection (ORP) at the Hanford Site, the IDF is the site's first Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)-compliant disposal facility. The IDF is important to DOE's waste management strategy for the site. Effective management of the IDF project contributed to the project's success. The project was carefully managed to meet three Tri-Party Agreement (TPA) milestones. The completed facility fully satisfied the needs and expectations of the client, regulators and stakeholders. Ultimately, the project, initially estimated to require 48 months and $33.9 million to build, was completed four months ahead of schedule and $11.1 million under budget. DOE directed construction of the IDF to provide additional capacity for disposing of low-level radioactive and mixed (i.e., radioactive and hazardous) solid waste. The facility needed to comply with federal and Washington State environmental laws and meet TPA milestones. The facility had to accommodate over one million cubic yards of the waste material, including immobilized low-activity waste packages from the Waste Treatment Plant (WTP), low-level and mixed low-level waste from WTP failed melters, and alternative immobilized low-activity waste forms, such as bulk-vitrified waste. CH2M HILL designed and constructed a disposal facility with a redundant system of containment barriers and a sophisticated leak-detection system. Built on a 168-area, the facility's construction met all regulatory requirements. The facility's containment system actually exceeds the state's environmental requirements for a hazardous waste landfill. Effective management of the IDF construction project required working through highly political and legal issues as well as challenges with permitting, scheduling, costs, stakeholders and technical issues. To meet the customer's needs and deadlines, the project was managed with conscientious discipline and application of sound project management principles in the Project Management Institute's Project Management Body of Knowledge. Several factors contributed to project success. Extensive planning and preparation were conducted, which was instrumental to contract and procurement management. Anticipating issues and risks, CH2M HILL prepared well defined scope and expectations, particularly for safety. To ensure worker safety, the project management team incorporated CH2M HILL's Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) into the project and included safety requirements in contracting documents and baseline planning. The construction contractor DelHur Industries, Inc. adopted CH2M HILL's safety program to meet the procurement requirement for a comparable ISMS safety program. This project management approach contributed to an excellent safety record for a project with heavy equipment in constant motion and 63,555 man-hours worked. The project manager worked closely with ORP and Ecology to keep them involved in project decisions and head off any stakeholder or regulatory concerns. As issues emerged, the project manager addressed them expeditiously to maintain a rigorous schedule. Subcontractors and project contributors were held to contract commitments for performance of the work scope and requirements for quality, budget and schedule. Another element of project success extended to early and continual involvement of all interested in the project scope. Due to the public sensitivity of constructing a landfill planned for radioactive waste as well as offsite waste, there were many stakeholders and it was important to secure their agreement on scope and time frames. The project had multiple participants involved in quality assurance surveillances, audits and inspections, including the construction contractor, CH2M HILL, ORP, the Washington State Department of Ecology, and independent certified quality assurance an

MCLELLAN, G.W.

2007-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

189

• Knowledge Center: The Learning Potential Is Limitless • Formulate and Present Effective Business Cases Honor Members by Nominating Them for Prestigious Awards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Help ISACA’s Board of Directors honor individuals who have made a difference in ISACA ® and the professions it supports by nominating an individual for the Harold Weiss or John Lainhart awards.

Read More; Read More; Read More; Read More; John Lainhart

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Secondary Waste Forms and Technetium Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

November 18, 2010 What are Secondary Wastes? Process condensates and scrubber andor off-gas treatment liquids from the pretreatment and ILAW melter facilities at the Hanford WTP....

191

Metering Secondary Water in Residential Irrigation Systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The use of residential secondary or dual water systems for irrigation purposes is common in the western United States where water supplies are scarce. While… (more)

Richards, Gregory L.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

High Energy Density Secondary Lithium Batteries  

High Energy Density Secondary Lithium Batteries Note: The technology described above is an early stage opportunity. Licensing rights to this intellectual property may

193

Exploring the Relationship Between Scientist Human Capital and Firm Performance: The Case of Biomedical Academic Entrepreneurs in the SBIR Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is an emerging debate in the scholarly literature regarding the extent to which academic human capital contributes to firm performance. This debate centers on the nature of an academic scientist's human capital and its institutional specificity. ... Keywords: SBIR, academic entrepreneurship, commercialization, firm performance, human capital

Andrew A. Toole; Dirk Czarnitzki

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Towards developing a framework for measuring organizational impact of IT- enabled BPR: case studies of three firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article reports on a case study of three firms which examined the organizational-level measures and process-level measures that were used to identify the effects of IT-enabled BPR (Business Process Redesign) projects. Firms in three distinct industry ... Keywords: IT, business process reengineering, information technology payoff, measurement, organizational impact, process theory

Rajiv Kohli; Ellen Hoadley

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Production Economics Modeling and Analysis of Polluting firms: The Production Frontier Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As concern grows about energy and environment issues, energy and environmental modeling and related policy analysis are critical issues for today's society. Polluting firms such as coal power plants play an important role in providing electricity to drive the U.S. economy as well as producing pollution that damages the environment and human health. This dissertation is intended to model and estimate polluting firms' production using nonparametric methods. First, frontier production function of polluting firms is characterized by weak disposability between outputs and pollutants to reflecting the opportunity cost to reduce pollutants. The StoNED method is extended to estimate a weak disposability frontier production function accounting for random noise in the data. The method is applied to the U.S. coal power plants under the Acid Rain Program to find the average technical inefficiency and shadow price of SO2 and NOx. Second, polluting firms' production processes are modeled characterizing both the output production process and the pollution abatement process. Using the law of conservation of mass applied to the pollution abatement process, this dissertation develops a new frontier pollutant function which then is used to find corresponding marginal abatement cost of pollutants. The StoNEZD method is applied to estimate a frontier pollutant function considering the vintage of capital owned by the polluting firms. The method is applied to estimate the average NOx marginal abatement cost for the U.S. coal power plants under the current Clean Air Interstate Rule NOx program. Last, the effect of a technical change on marginal abatement costs are investigated using an index decomposition technique. The StoNEZD method is extended to estimate sequential frontier pollutant functions reflecting the innovation in pollution reduction. The method is then applied to estimate a technical change effect on a marginal abatement cost of the U.S. coal power plants under the current Clean Air Interstate Rule NOx program.

Mekaroonreung, Maethee

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Water heater secondary control device  

SciTech Connect

A secondary control device for gas water heaters is described having a tank, cold water inlet, hot water outlet and a heater thermostat, the control device comprising: valve means for controlling the flow of gas from a source thereof to the heater thermostat, the valve means connected between the gas source and the heater thermostat; means attached to the outside of the cold water inlet for sensing the temperature of water in the cold water inlet and providing an electrical signal representative thereof, the signal generated by the temperature sensing means being connected to the valve means; means for opening the valve means for transmitting the gas to the heater thermostat when the signal is representative of the temperature of the cold water being less than a predetermined temperature; and means for closing the valve means for preventing transmission of the energy to the heater thermostat when the signal is representative of the temperature of the cold water being equal to or greater than the predetermined temperature.

Subherwal, B.R.

1987-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

197

Secondary ion coincidence in highly charged ion based secondary ion mass spectroscopy for process characterization  

SciTech Connect

Coincidence counting in highly charged ion based secondary ion mass spectroscopy has been applied to the characterization of selective tungsten deposition via disilane reduction of tungsten hexafluoride on a patterned SiO{sub 2}/Si wafer. The high secondary ion yield and the secondary ion emission from a small area produced by highly charged ions make the coincidence technique very powerful.

Hamza, A.V.; Schenkel, T.; Barnes, A.V.; Schneider, D.H. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, University of California, Livermore, California, 94551 (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, University of California, Livermore, California, 94551 (United States)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Secondary Waste Forms and Technetium Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Secondary Waste Forms and Secondary Waste Forms and Technetium Management Joseph H. Westsik, Jr. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory EM HLW Corporate Board Meeting November 18, 2010 What are Secondary Wastes? Process condensates and scrubber and/or off-gas treatment liquids from the pretreatment and ILAW melter facilities at the Hanford WTP. Sent from WTP to the Effluent Treatment Facility (ETF) for treatment and disposal Treated liquid effluents under the ETF State Wastewater Discharge Permit Solidified liquid effluents under the Dangerous Waste Permit for disposal at the Integrated Disposal Facility (IDF) Solidification Treatment Unit to be added to ETF to provide capacity for WTP secondary liquid wastes 2 Evaporator Condensate Solution Evaporator Pretreatment Melter SBS/ WESP Secondary

199

New Jersey firm creates jobs and vital components for world-leading  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Jersey firm creates jobs and vital components for world-leading Jersey firm creates jobs and vital components for world-leading experiment By John Greenwald July 10, 2012 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One This superconducting wire will become thin as a needle when Oxford Superconducting Technology finishes manufacturing it. (Photo by Elle Starkman, PPPL Office Of Communications) This superconducting wire will become thin as a needle when Oxford Superconducting Technology finishes manufacturing it. Gallery: Oxford Superconducting begins with a foot-long copper and niobium billet that weighs several hundred pounds. (Photo by Elle Starkman, PPPL Office Of Communications) Oxford Superconducting begins with a foot-long copper and niobium billet that weighs several hundred pounds. The billets are drawn down until more than a dozen can be stacked inside a hollow copper tube like those that General Manager Jeffrey Parrell shows here. He holds a billet-filled tube that has been drawn down some more.

200

NREL: News - NREL Report Firms Up Land-Use Requirements of Solar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NREL Report Firms Up Land-Use Requirements of Solar NREL Report Firms Up Land-Use Requirements of Solar Study shows solar for 1,000 homes would require 32 acres July 30, 2013 The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has published a report on the land use requirements of solar power plants based on actual land-use practices from existing solar facilities. "Having real data from a majority of the solar plants in the United States will help people make proper comparisons and informed decisions," lead author Sean Ong said. The report, "Land-use Requirements for Solar Power Plants in the United States," was written with NREL colleagues Clinton Campbell, Robert Margolis, Paul Denholm and Garvin Heath. Ong gathered data from 72% of the solar power plants installed or under

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "firm secondary nominations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Financial Fragility, Heterogeneous Firms and the Cross Section of the Business Cycle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, which captures uncertainty regarding relative prices. Uncertainty arises because ?rms are price takers and there is a one-period lag between when ?rms borrow on the credit market, hire workers and production takes place, and when they sell their output... . Firms are unable to raise external ?nance on the stock market because of equity rationing (Greenwald et al. (1984) and Myers and Majluf (1984)). Therefore, they rely on internally generated funds as the primary source of funding and resort to bank credit...

Holly, Sean; Santoro, E

202

Analysing firm performance in Chinese IT industry: DEA Malmquist productivity measure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chinese IT industry has become more important and maturity after development for tens of years and come up quickly in global IT market. They may have huge influence on Chinese IT market or even the world. This paper is concerned with the study on exploring ... Keywords: China, DEA, IT industry, Malmquist productivity index, data envelopment analysis, efficiency, efficiency convergence, firm performance, information technology, performance measurement, technical diffusion

Xiaohong Chen; Xiaoding Wang; Desheng Dash Wu; Zejing Zhang

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Secondary Market Taxable Bond Program (Maine)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Secondary Market Taxable Bond Program provides tax-exempt interest rate bond financing for real estate and machinery and equipment acquisitions. Up to 90% of the project debt may be financed,...

204

Oxygen Control in PWR Secondary Coolant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Installation of two deaeration devices at a reference 1100-MWe PWR could improve deaeration of secondary coolant. Direct contact feedwater heaters (DCHs) are readily retrofittable in the condenser neck; condensers too small to accommodate DCHs could incorporate external bubbling devices.

1988-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

205

Essential Dynamics of Secondary Eyewall Formation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors conduct an analysis of the dynamics of secondary eyewall formation in two modeling frameworks to obtain a more complete understanding of the phenomenon. The first is a full-physics, three-dimensional mesoscale model in which the ...

Sergio F. Abarca; Michael T. Montgomery

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

The structural preconditions for maximizing FDI spillovers in Colombia : a sectoral impact analysis of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on Industry output, labor payments, firm productivity, and the productive structure (1995-2009)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Do multinational corporations (MNCs) crowd out domestic firms in developing countries, or is foreign direct investment (FDI) complementary to domestic firm profitability, productivity, and employment? Empirical literature ...

Hyman, Benjamin G. (Benjamin Gabriel)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Why did they comply while others did not? : environmental compliance of small firms and implications for regulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This doctoral dissertation aims to offer new insights into the environmental compliance behavior of small firms (SFs). Specifically, the dissertation examines the impacts of two categories of factors. The first category ...

Lee, Eungkyoon

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Truth-telling by Third-party Auditors and the Response of Polluting Firms: Experimental Evidence from India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In many regulated markets, private, third-party auditors are chosen and paid by the firms that they audit, potentially creating a conflict of interest. This paper reports on a two-year field experiment in the Indian state ...

Duflo, Esther

2013-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

209

Mr. L. Roger Hutson Roger Hutson is the President/CEO of HRM Resources LLC., a private firm specializing in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mr. L. Roger Hutson Roger Hutson is the President/CEO of HRM Resources LLC., a private firm of the Board and as Chairman of the Finance and Audit Committee. Contact Information: Mr. L. Roger Hutson HRM

210

Laboratory-scale evaluation of secondary alkaline zinc batteries...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laboratory-scale evaluation of secondary alkaline zinc batteries for electric vehicles Title Laboratory-scale evaluation of secondary alkaline zinc batteries for electric vehicles...

211

Laboratory measurement of secondary pollutant yields from ozone...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laboratory measurement of secondary pollutant yields from ozone reaction with HVAC filters. Title Laboratory measurement of secondary pollutant yields from ozone reaction with HVAC...

212

Characterizing the Formation of Secondary Organic Aerosols-Interim...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Characterizing the Formation of Secondary Organic Aerosols-Interim Report. Title Characterizing the Formation of Secondary Organic Aerosols-Interim Report. Publication Type Report...

213

Bayesian Segmentation of Protein Secondary Structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a novel method for predicting the secondary structure of a protein from its amino acid sequence. Most existing methods predict each position in turn based on a local window of residues, sliding this window along the length of the sequence. In contrast, we develop a probabilistic model of protein sequence/structure relationships in terms of structural segments, and formulate secondary structure prediction as a general Bayesian inference problem. A distinctive feature of our approach is the ability to develop explicit probabilistic models for -helices, -strands, and other classes of secondary structure, incorporating experimentally and empirically observed aspects of protein structure such as helical capping signals, side chain correlations, and segment length distributions. Our model is Markovian in the segments, permitting ef# cient exact calculation of the posterior probability distribution over all possible segmentations of the sequence using dynamic programming. The optimal segmentation is computed and compared to a predictor based on marginal posterior modes, and the latter is shown to provide signi# cant improvement in predictive accuracy. The marginalization procedure provides exact secondary structure probabilities at each sequence position, which are shown to be reliable estimates of prediction uncertainty. We apply this model to a database of 452 nonhomologous structures, achieving accuracies as high as the best currently available methods. We conclude by discussing an extension of this framework to model nonlocal interactions in protein structures, providing a possible direction for future improvements in secondary structure prediction accuracy.

Scott C. Schmidler; Jun S. Liu; Douglas L. Brutlag

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Energy coservation status and needs: medium-sized commercial/industrial firms  

SciTech Connect

The potential for conserving energy by Seattle City Light's commercial/industrial customers is investigated. The results of the study will help SCL and others to provide energy- and money-saving help to their medium-sized business customers. Fifty in-person interviews of firms within the SCL area and 102 mailed questionnaires from customers outside the area in Washington and Oregon were analyzed. Researchers found that many steps requiring little cost have been implemented, but instituting further hard conservation measures such as new machinery, retrofitting, or changes in machine operations are lacking. (MCW)

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Hybrid-secondary uncluttered induction machine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An uncluttered secondary induction machine (100) includes an uncluttered rotating transformer (66) which is mounted on the same shaft as the rotor (73) of the induction machine. Current in the rotor (73) is electrically connected to current in the rotor winding (67) of the transformer, which is not electrically connected to, but is magnetically coupled to, a stator secondary winding (40). The stator secondary winding (40) is alternately connected to an effective resistance (41), an AC source inverter (42) or a magnetic switch (43) to provide a cost effective slip-energy-controlled, adjustable speed, induction motor that operates over a wide speed range from below synchronous speed to above synchronous speed based on the AC line frequency fed to the stator.

Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Bank financing of secondary recovery projects  

SciTech Connect

Investment requirements of the average independent oil operator desiring to develop a secondary recovery project usually are sought from a lending institution. The criteria by which The Chase Manhattan Bank judges such an application are discussed: managerial competence of the operator, the engineering information and program, and an economic analysis of the project and proposed financing. The application of these principles to the case of a successful waterflood in the Mid-Continent area is presented. Some problems are presented to illustrate the importance of the bank's standards in considering the financing of a secondary recovery project. Good management and competent, continuing engineering guidance are considered essential to a financeable secondary recovery project. The quality of the properties must be proven by comparison of laboratory data and engineering studies with pilot flood performance. The amount of financing the bank will be willing to undertake is determined by an economic analysis and valuation method as described.

Brown, C.L.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Standardizing clinical laboratory data for secondary use  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clinical databases provide a rich source of data for answering clinical research questions. However, the variables recorded in clinical data systems are often identified by local, idiosyncratic, and sometimes redundant and/or ambiguous names (or codes) ... Keywords: LOINC, Laboratory tests, MIMIC-II, Mapping guidelines, Secondary use, Vocabulary standards

Swapna Abhyankar; Dina Demner-Fushman; Clement J. Mcdonald

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Diploma Thesis Distributed Secondary Control in Microgrids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Diploma Thesis Distributed Secondary Control in Microgrids Hedi Bouattour May 10, 2013 Betreuer. Dr.-Ing. Frank Allgöwer #12;#12;Contents 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Microgrids and Control in AC networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2.5 Droop-Controlled Microgrid

Bullo, Francesco

219

Essential Dynamics of Secondary Eyewall Formation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We conduct an analysis of the dynamics of secondary eyewall formation, in two modeling frameworks to obtain a more complete understanding of the phenomenon. The first is a full-physics, three-dimensional mesoscale model in which we examine an ...

Sergio F. Abarca; Michael T. Montgomery

220

Nominating Professor Form  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Awards Program Mail Address: AOCS, P.O. Box 17190, Urbana, IL 61803-7190 USA Phone: +1 217-693-4804; Fax: +1 217-693-4849 Email: awards@aocs.org; Web: www.aocs.org/awards Student Name: ????? I have known the stud

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "firm secondary nominations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

2011 Nominating Professor Form  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Awards Program Mail Address: AOCS, P.O. Box 17190, Urbana, IL 61803-7190 USA Phone: +1 217-693-4804; Fax: +1 217-693-4849 EMail: awards@aocs.org; Web: www.aocs.org/goto/awards Student Name: ????? I have known the

222

SSRLUO EC Ballot Nominations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

place via the web; newly elected members will be announced during the users meeting banquet on October 18th . Program | Workshops | Abstracts | Lytle Award | Vendor Exhibit |...

223

nvitation to Nominate  

The Lawrence Award was established in 1959 by the Atomic Energy Commission and President ... associate professor and in 1930, at the age of 29, he became

224

Award Nomination Form  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

DOCUMENTS TO: Awards & Recognition Specialist awards@tms.org. If you have any questions,. Contact Deborah Price at: Telephone (724) 776-9000 ext. 232.

225

Nominalizations and aspect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Languages that have aspectually-conditioned ergativity splits generally oppose a "perfect" tense (often called perfective or aorist), with ergative-absolutive case pattern, to an imperfective where case marking follows the ...

Salanova, Andrés Pablo

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

3. nominating committee bylaws  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

making a final determination. To respect the privacy of unsuccessful nominees for Board positions, a separate report will be prepared and maintained in ...

227

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Wind Firming EnergyFarm - Tom Stepien, Primus Power  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wind Firming EnergyFarm DOE Peer Review September 26, 2012 2 Primus Power is on track to deliver EnergyPods TM to California's Modesto Irrigation District starting 2014 EnergyPod TM 250 kW ď‚· 1 MWh PowerBox Supports 8 EnergyPods TM 3 How will storage integrate into Modesto's system? Modesto's daily load ? Storage Hydro Coal & Gas Wind Solar 4 Modesto's 25 MW McHenry solar farm 5 Modesto will use EnergyPods to integrate renewable wind and solar energy 25 MW McHenry Solar Farm 6 Modesto will use EnergyPods to integrate renewable wind and solar energy 25 MW McHenry Solar Farm 8.7 MW up in 15 min 15 MW down in 15 min 4-Aug-12 7 Modesto will use EnergyPods to integrate renewable wind and

228

SF 6432-FP Standard Terms and Conditions for Firm Fixed-price Contracts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FP (04-95) FP (04-95) Sections II & III SECTION II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR FIRM FIXED PRICE CONTRACTS INDEX OF CLAUSES THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO THIS CONTRACT AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN THE SIGNATURE PAGE OR SECTION I. No. Title Page "A" Clauses apply to Requests for Quotation and Contracts at any value A10 Definitions 2 A11 Unclassified Contract 2 A12 Assignment 2 *A13 Releases Void 2 *A14 Notice of Labor Disputes 2 A17 Delegated Representatives 2 *A18 Defense Priority and Allocation System 2 A19 Terms and Conditions 3 *A20 Permits 3 *A23 Applicable Law 3 A25 Commerce in Explosives, Firearms and 3 Ammunition - Exemption *A27 Order of Precedence

229

Particle Physics Outreach to Secondary Education  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This review summarizes exemplary secondary education and outreach programs of the particle physics community. We examine programs from the following areas: research experiences, high-energy physics data for students, informal learning for students, instructional resources, and professional development. We report findings about these programs' impact on students and teachers and provide suggestions for practices that create effective programs from those findings. We also include some methods for assessing programs.

Bardeen, Marjorie G.; /Fermilab; Johansson, K.Erik; /Stockholm U.; Young, M.Jean

2011-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

230

Upgrade of the Proton West secondary beamline  

SciTech Connect

As originally designed and operated, protons entering PW6 were steered by a series of EPB dipoles into a single interaction length beryllium target, some 43 feet from the enclosure wall. Ensuing secondary beams, either p{sup +}/{pi}{sup +} or p{sup -}/{pi}{sup -}, were collected by a string of quadrupoles following the target, steered westward, away from the Proton Center line, through PW6 and PW7, and ultimately focussed on experiment production targets located within the large PW8 hall. Around the Spring of 1988 it was decided to upgrade the existing Proton West secondary beamline to allow for transport of a primary proton beam, anticipated to be either 800 or 900 GeV/c, through PW8. This upgrade project, which is now nearing completion, was largely motivated by the then recent approval of E-771, a hadronic beauty production experiment located in PW8. E-771 represents the third in a series of experiments for the large-acceptance dimuon spectrometer presently located at the end of the Proton West beamline. This Technical Memo is a summary of the upgrade --- an explanation of the underlying strategy and a documentation of the final locations of the secondary beamline elements. 6 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

Spiegel, L.

1989-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

231

Stochastic methods for improving secondary production decisions under compositional uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A key element for realizing long term sustainable use of any metal will be a robust secondary recovery industry. Secondary recovery forestalls depletion of non-renewable resources and avoids the deleterious effects of ...

Gaustad, Gabrielle G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Stochastic methods for improving secondary production decisions under compositional uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by Gabrielle G. Gaustad B.S. Ceramic Engineering New York State College of Ceramics at Alfred University, 2004 secondary recovery industry. Secondary recovery forestalls depletion of non-renewable resources and avoids

de Weck, Olivier L.

233

Kinematics of the Secondary Eyewall Observed in Hurricane Rita (2005)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Airborne Doppler radar data collected from the concentric eyewalls of Hurricane Rita (2005) provide detailed three-dimensional kinematic observations of the secondary eyewall feature. The secondary eyewall radar echo shows a ring of heavy ...

Anthony C. Didlake Jr.; Robert A. Houze Jr.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Secondary Use of Vehicle Batteries in...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

20585 Secondary Use of Vehicle Batteries in Power Systems December 2008 Secondary Use of Vehicle Batteries in Power Systems Objective Life-cycle Funding Summary FY12 FY13 300k ?k...

235

Joint selection of customs broker agencies and international road transportation firms by a fuzzy analytic network process approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper considers a special case for logistics activities in Turkey: a joint selection of customs broker agency and international road transportation firm. For this purpose a decision-making team has been constituted, including members of logistics ... Keywords: Analytic network process, Customs broker, Fuzzy sets, International road transportation, Logistic activities

Arzum Özgen; Mehmet Tanyas

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Migrating to internet-based e-commerce: factors affecting e-commerce adoption and migration at the firm level  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Web technology has enabled e-commerce. However, in our review of the literature, we found little research on how firms can better position themselves when adopting e-commerce for revenue generation. Drawing upon technology diffusion theory, we developed ... Keywords: EDI, e-commerce, innovation adoption, internet technology, migration, outsourcing, technology diffusion

Weiyin Hong; Kevin Zhu

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Do Generation Firms in Restructured Electricity Markets Have Incentives to Support Social-Welfare-Improving Transmission Investments? *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transmission Grid Study of the U.S. Department of Energy (Abraham, 2002) declares: "Growth in electricity of incentives for investment in the U.S. electricity transmission system are sparse. Moreover, noneDo Generation Firms in Restructured Electricity Markets Have Incentives to Support Social

Oren, Shmuel S.

238

Do Generation Firms in Restructured Electricity Markets Have Incentives to Support Social-Welfare-Improving Transmission Investments? *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that generation firms have in restructured electricity markets for supporting long-term transmission investments electricity markets, have the incentives to fund or support incremental social-welfare-improving transmission.S. transmission system is under stress (Abraham, 2002). Growth of electricity demand and new generation capacity

239

Energy Intense Equipment Purchasing Behaviour: A Review of the Literature i How do consumers and firms purchase equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by Natural Resources Canada with maintaining an ongoing database of information in the field of equipment, this report is an attempt to synthesize the information in the database; it outlines the most important issues. ........................................................16 7. DOCUMENT AND DATABASE REFERENCESERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED. #12;How do consumers and firms

240

Developing an organizational attributes-based continuous-learning KM model for knowledge-intensive small firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we draw on the knowledge market analogy and integrate the considerations of organizational culture and attributes, knowledge management (KM) guiding principles and continuous learning-based systems development into the design of a model ... Keywords: KM guiding principles, continuous learning, knowledge intensive firms, knowledge management, knowledge market, organizational culture

Pi-Sheng Deng

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "firm secondary nominations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

The use of a hybrid fuzzy-Delphi-AHP approach to develop global business intelligence for information service firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to globalization and saturated domestic markets, information service firms, upon growing to a certain size, gradually focus their business efforts on reaching global markets. In order to reduce business risk in developing international markets, using ... Keywords: Alliance, Business intelligence (BI), Fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP), Fuzzy modified Delphi method, Information services industry, Modified Delphi approach

Ming-Kuen Chen; Shih-Ching Wang

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Pressurized Water Reactor Secondary Water Chemistry Guidelines - Revision 7  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

State-of-the-art water chemistry programs reduce equipment corrosion and enhance steam generator reliability. A committee of industry experts prepared these revised PWR Secondary Water Chemistry Guidelines to incorporate the latest field and laboratory data on secondary system corrosion and performance issues. Pressurized water reactor (PWR) operators can use these guidelines to update their secondary water chemistry programs.

2009-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

243

Pressurized Water Reactor Secondary Water Chemistry Guidelines – Revision 6  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

State-of-the-art water chemistry programs reduce equipment corrosion and enhance steam generator reliability. A committee of industry experts prepared these revised "Pressurized Water Reactor Secondary Water Chemistry Guidelines" to incorporate the latest field and laboratory data on secondary system corrosion and performance issues. Pressurized water reactor (PWR) operators can use these guidelines to update their secondary water chemistry programs.

2004-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

244

Characterization of the Molecular Composition of Secondary Organic Aerosols using High Resolution Mass Spectrometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in secondary organic aerosol formation from isoprene, Proc.biogenic secondary organic aerosol, J. Phys. Chem. A, 112(in secondary organic aerosol, Environ. Sci. Technol. , 41(

Sellon, Rachel Elizabeth

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Cascaded Multiple Classifiers for Secondary Structure Prediction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a new classifier for protein secondary structure prediction which is formed by cascading together different types of classifiers using neural networks and linear discrimination. The new classifier achieves an accuracy of 76.7% (assessed by a rigorous full Jack-knife procedure) on a new non-redundant dataset of 496 non-homologous sequences (obtained from G.J. Barton and J.A. Cuff). This database was especially designed to train and test protein secondary structure prediction methods, and it uses a more stringent definition of homologous sequence than in previous studies. We show that it is possible to design classifiers which can highly discriminate the 3 classes (H, E, C) with an accuracy of up to 78% for b-strands, using only a local window and resampling techniques. This indicates that the importance of long range interactions for the prediction of b-strands has been previously overestimated. 2 Introduction Although the protein folding process may require catalysts suc...

Mohammed Ouali; Ross D. King

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry of Environmental Aerosols  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atmospheric particles influence many aspects of climate, air quality and human health. Understanding the composition, chemistry and behavior of atmospheric aerosols is a key remaining challenge in improving climate models. Furthermore, particles may be traced back to a particular source based on composition, stable isotope ratios, or the presence of particular surface chemistries. Finally, the characterization of atmospheric particles in the workplace plays an important role in understanding the potential for exposure and environmental and human health effects to engineered and natural nanoscale particles. Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) is a useful tool in determining any of several aspects of the structure, composition and chemistry of these particles. Often used in conjunction with other surface analysis and electron microscopy methods, SIMS has been used to determine or confirm reactions on and in particles, the presence of particular organic species on the surface of atmospheric aerosols and several other interesting and relevant findings. Various versions of SIMS instruments – dynamic SIMS, time of flight secondary ion mass spectrometry or TOF-SIMS, nanoSIMS – have been used to determine specific aspects of aerosol structure and chemistry. This article describes the strengths of each type of SIMS instrument in the characterization of aerosols, along with guidance on sample preparation, specific characterization specific to the particular information sought in the analysis. Examples and guidance are given for each type of SIMS analysis.

Gaspar, Daniel J.; Cliff, John B.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

PETROPHYSICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE SECONDARY RECOVERY POTENTIAL IN THE CHERRY CANYON FORMATION NE LEA FIELD LEA COUNTY, NEW MEXICO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Read and Stevens has proposed the evaluation of the waterflood potential from the Cherry Canyon formation in the NE Lea Field in lea County, New Mexico. Much of the development in this area is approaching primary recovery limitations; additional recovery of remaining oil reserves by waterflood needs to be evaluated. The Cherry Canyon formation is composed of fine grained sandstone, containing clay material which results in high water saturation, and also has the tendency to swell and reduce reservoir permeability--the ability of fluid to flow through the rock pores and fractures. There are also abundant organic materials that interfere with obtaining reliable well logs. These complications have limited oil in place calculations and identification of net pay zones, presenting a challenge to the planned waterflood. Core analysis of the Cherry Canyon should improve the understanding of existing well logs and possibly indicate secondary recovery measures, such as waterflood, to enhance field recovery. Lacking truly representative core to provide accurate analyses, Read and Stevens will obtain and preserve fresh core. The consulting firm of T. Scott Hickman and Associates will then collaborate on special core analyses and obtain additional well logs for a more detailed analysis of reservoir properties. The log interpretation will be compared to the core analysis results, and the entire collected data set will be used to assess the potential and economic viability of successfully waterflooding the identified oil zones. Successful results from the project will improve accuracy of log interpretation and establish a methodology for evaluating secondary recovery by waterflood.

T. Scott Hickman

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Thermalization of secondary electrons under AMSGEMP conditions  

SciTech Connect

A Monte Carlo algorithm is used to determine the time behavior of source secondary electrons for ranges of the electric field to pressure ratio E/p of interest in AMSGEMP. The algorithm contains a very detailed cross section set describing electron interactions with the background gas. The authors show that the delay in the attainment of the peak time independent ionization frequency (or ionization coefficient) may result in negligible ionization over times of interest. In any case the behavior is shown to behave much differently than in examples where limited cross section sets, common in currently employed predictive codes, are employed. In particular, the importance of momentum transfer is indicated. A critique of the scaling implications of the phenomena is made.

Bloomberg, H.W.; Pine, V.W.

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

On the Valuation of Warrants and Executive Stock Options: Pricing Formulae for Firms with Multiple Warrants/Executive Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the options or canceling an executive's existing options and granting him or her new options with a lower strike price, although not as frequent, are also in the agenda. Among others, Brenner, Sundaram, and Yermack (2000), Carter and Lynch (2001) examine... the “repricing” of ESOs and allocate it to poor firm-specific performance. The empirical evidence in Chance, Kumar, and Todd (2000) suggest that ESOs are usually repriced when the stock declines by about 25%. Acharya, John, and Sundaram (2000) investigate...

Darsinos, Theofanis; Satchell, Stephen E

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

250

Development of a farm-firm modelling system for evaluation of herbaceous energy crops  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A complete analysis is performed to simulate biomass production incorporated into a realistic whole farm situation, including or replacing a typical crop mix. Representative farms are constructed to accommodate such simulation. Four management systems are simulated for each firm, with each simulation depicting a different crop mix and/or use of different farming technologies and production methods. The first simulation was a base farm plan in which the operator would maintain the historical crop mix for the area, participate in all price support programs, and not participate in either a conservative reserve or a biomass production program. In the second simulation, the operator would again maintain the historical crop mix, would not participate in a conservation reserve or biomass production program, and would be ineligible to participate in any price support system. The third simulation introduced the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) and included participation in all price support programs. The fourth simulation introduced a biomass crop production enterprise (switchgrass) as an alternative to enrolling highly erodible cropland in the CRP and allowed participation in price support programs. Simulations were made for three farms, two in West Tennessee and on in South Georgia. Results indicate that erosion is likely to be reduced more by the diversion of cropland to permanent vegetative cover on farms similar to the more highly erodible West Tennessee farms than on the less erodible Tift County, Georgia farm. Equivalent reductions in erosion rates result from entering highly erodible cropland in the CRP and from production of switchgrass as a biomass energy crop. Both switchgrass and CRP farm plans result in decreased net returns from the base plan, although the biomass farm plans are, in general, more profitable than the CRP plans.

English, B.C.; Alexander, R.R.; Loewen, K.H.; Coady, S.A.; Cole, G.V.; Goodman, W.R. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Agent-Based Modeling for Competing Firms: From Balanced Scorecards to Multi-Objective Strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper proposes a novel method for agentbased modeling in business management domain. We will model competing companies with the Balanced Scorecards principle and examine their Value Proposition strategies for customers. The proposed method is characterized by (1) Designing decision making agents or competing companies with strategic parameters to be optimized; (2) Employing a multiobjective optimization framework with Genetic Algorithms to evolve the artificial simulated society; (3) Grounding the simulation conditions and results with marketing survey data in the real world, and (4) Validating the strategic parameters of the agents after simulation via statistical analysis of the individual genes. The objective of our agent-based modeling is to explore 'optimal ' marketing strategies on given specific markets. Competing companies will thrive by choosing their customers, narrowing their focus, and dominating their markets. We will uncover which type of companies provide good value propositions for customers from their activities. Conventional research in business strategy literature states the importance of translating the strategy of a company into action to get the profit. In our study, on the contrary, we will observe agents ' actions or companies ' activities in the artificial society with given conditions and investigate the agents ' or companies ' strategy. From intensive experiments using our agent-based simulator in a television set market, we have observed that 1) the price and service are important for benefit and cash flow maximization; 2) there are few dominant strategies for share maximizaiton; 3) price and time will affect borrowing strategy, and 4) time is an important factor in a radio cassettes market. These results have suggested that our framework works well to analyze behaviors and strategies of competing firms. 1.

Takao Terano; Kenichi Naitoh

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Secondary Energy InfoBook | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Secondary Energy InfoBook Secondary Energy InfoBook Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Secondary Energy Infobook and Secondary Infobook Activities Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Energy Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Resource Type: Training materials User Interface: Website Cost: Free Language: English Fact sheets about the major energy sources, electricity, efficiency, conservation,transportation, and emerging technologies. The teacher's infobook contains dozens of fact sheets about the major energy sources, electricity, energy efficiency, energy conservation, transportation, and emerging technologies. Detailed information covers an introduction to energy, the forms of energy, global climate change, the history of electricity, and information about the major energy sources. The

253

Energy Efficient Operation of Secondary Aluminum Melting Furnaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 1, 2007 ... Energy Efficient Operation of Secondary Aluminum Melting Furnaces by P.E. King, J.J. Hatem, and B.M. Golchert ...

254

Increasing Use of Secondary Materials in Production Planning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are several barriers to increased use of secondary materials, particularly in metal systems, that can be addressed through innovative production ...

255

UK Availability and Consumption of Primary and Secondary Fuels...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Availability and Consumption of Primary and Secondary Fuels (1974) The then UK Department of Energy, in conjunction with the UK Government Statistical Service published statistics...

256

Secondary Side Corrosion of French PWR Steam Generator ... - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 1, 1999 ... Secondary Side Corrosion of French PWR Steam Generator Tubing: Contribution of Surface Analyses to the Understanding of the Degradation ...

257

Secondary air interaction with main flow in axial turbines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Secondary air, known as purge air, is injected through seals in the hub and shroud of axial turbines to prevent hot gas ingestion into the… (more)

Zlatinov, Metodi B. (Metodi Blagoev)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

NREL Evaluates Secondary Uses for Lithium Ion Vehicle Batteries  

NREL Evaluates Secondary Uses for Lithium Ion Vehicle Batteries ... of PHEVs and EVs is limited by the current high cost of Li-ion batteries.

259

Secondary teachers' understandings of dyslexia in England and Greece.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This is a comparative study about secondary teachers’ understandings of dyslexia in England and Greece. Specifically the study focused on English and Greek teachers’ professional… (more)

Papalouka, Aikaterini

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Relating Secondary Organic Aerosol Characteristics with Cloud Condensation Nuclei Activity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and microphysical characterization of ambient aerosols withthe aerodyne aerosol mass spectrometer, Mass Spectrom Rev,of secondary organic aerosol under near atmospheric

Tang, Xiaochen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "firm secondary nominations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

PDF PRIMER: Secondary Melting Processes for Superalloys - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 9, 2007 ... Secondary melting of superalloy stock is required to improve chemical homogeneity and reduce levels of inclusions. This primer describes the ...

262

Texas Large Construction Site Notice for Secondary Operators...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Reference Material: Texas Large Construction Site Notice for Secondary Operators edit Details Activities (0)...

263

The call to adopt a nominal set of astrophysical parameters and constants to improve the accuracy of fundamental physical properties of stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The increasing precision of astronomical observations of stars and stellar systems is gradually getting to a level where the use of slightly different values of the solar mass, radius and luminosity, as well as different values of fundamental physical constants may lead to measurable systematic differences in the determination of basic physical properties. An equivalent issue with an inconsistent value of the speed of light was resolved by adopting a nominal value that is constant and has no error associated with it. Analogously, we suggest that the systematic error in stellar parameters may be avoided if the following two conditions are met: (1) we deprecate the usage of solar quantities Msun, Rsun, and Lsun as units and replace them by the nominal values that are by definition exact and expressed in SI units: 1 MnomSun = 1.988416 x 10^{30} kg, 1 RnomSun = 6.95508 x 10^8 m, and 1 LnomSun = 3.846 x 10^{26} W; and (2) each study containing a determination of fundamental properties of stars or stellar systems s...

Harmanec, Petr

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Mining characteristic relations bind to RNA secondary structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The identification of RNA secondary structures has been among the most exciting recent developments in biology and medical science. It has been recognized that there is an abundance of functional structures with frameshifting, regulation of translation, ... Keywords: H-pseudoknot, association group, function, probability matrix, secondary structure

Qingfeng Chen; Yi-Ping Phoebe Chen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Secondary Control for Voltage Unbalance Compensation in an Islanded Microgrid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Secondary Control for Voltage Unbalance Compensation in an Islanded Microgrid Mehdi Savaghebi1 microgrid. The aim of the proposed control approach is to enhance the voltage quality at the point of common unbalance. Keywords-distributed generation; microgrid; secondary control; voltage unbalance compensation I

Vasquez, Juan Carlos

266

Simplified Hybrid-Secondary Uncluttered Machine And Method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electric machine (40, 40') has a stator (43) and a rotor (46) and a primary air gap (48) has secondary coils (47c, 47d) separated from the rotor (46) by a secondary air gap (49) so as to induce a slip current in the secondary coils (47c, 47d). The rotor (46, 76) has magnetic brushes (A, B, C, D) or wires (80) which couple flux in through the rotor (46) to the secondary coils (47c, 47d) without inducing a current in the rotor (46) and without coupling a stator rotational energy component to the secondary coils (47c, 47d). The machine can be operated as a motor or a generator in multi-phase or single-phase embodiments. A method of providing a slip energy controller is also disclosed.

Hsu, John S [Oak Ridge, TN

2005-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

267

Determination of the 5 MW gross nominal design case binary cycle for power generation at Raft River, Idaho. [Using GEOSYS program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A series of Rankine cycle studies for power generation utilizing geothermal fluid as the heat source and isobutane as the working fluid are reported. To find the plant configuration which would most effectively utilize the available energy, a parametric study was performed. The desirability of supercritical, single boiler or double boiler cycles, and the relative boiler temperatures and percentage isobutane flow split between the boilers in the double cycles for geothermal fluid temperatures of 260/sup 0/F to 360/sup 0/F were considered. This study was designed to discover thermodynamic trends which would point to an optimum isobutane cycle for geothermal fluid temperatures in this temperature range. The results of the parametric study were applied to derive a Nominal Design Case for a demonstration plant at Raft River, with a geothermal fluid resource at 290/sup 0/F. In addition, plant variations due to tolerances applied to thermodynamic properties and other key factors are included.

Ingvarsson, I.J.; Madsen, W.W. (eds.)

1976-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Comparison of secondary neutron dose in proton therapy resulting from the use of a tungsten alloy MLC or a brass collimator system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To apply the dual ionization chamber method for mixed radiation fields to an accurate comparison of the secondary neutron dose arising from the use of a tungsten alloy multileaf collimator (MLC) as opposed to a brass collimator system for defining the shape of a therapeutic proton field. Methods: Hydrogenous and nonhydrogenous ionization chambers were constructed with large volumes to enable measurements of absorbed doses below 10{sup -4} Gy in mixed radiation fields using the dual ionization chamber method for mixed-field dosimetry. Neutron dose measurements were made with a nominal 230 MeV proton beam incident on a closed tungsten alloy MLC and a solid brass block. The chambers were cross-calibrated against a {sup 60}Co-calibrated Farmer chamber in water using a 6 MV x-ray beam and Monte Carlo simulations were performed to account for variations in ionization chamber response due to differences in secondary neutron energy spectra. Results: The neutron and combined proton plus {gamma}-ray absorbed doses are shown to be nearly equivalent downstream from either a closed tungsten alloy MLC or a solid brass block. At 10 cm downstream from the distal edge of the collimating material the neutron dose from the closed MLC was (5.3 {+-} 0.4) x 10{sup -5} Gy/Gy. The neutron dose with brass was (6.4 {+-} 0.7) x 10{sup -5} Gy/Gy. Further from the secondary neutron source, at 50 cm, the neutron doses remain close for both the MLC and brass block at (6.9 {+-} 0.6) x 10{sup -6} Gy/Gy and (6.3 {+-} 0.7) x 10{sup -6} Gy/Gy, respectively. Conclusions: The dual ionization chamber method is suitable for measuring secondary neutron doses resulting from proton irradiation. The results of measurements downstream from a closed tungsten alloy MLC and a brass block indicate that, even in an overly pessimistic worst-case scenario, secondary neutron production in a tungsten alloy MLC leads to absorbed doses that are nearly equivalent to those seen from brass collimators. Therefore, the choice of tungsten alloy in constructing the leaves of a proton MLC is appropriate, and does not lead to a substantial increase in the secondary neutron dose to the patient compared to that generated in a brass collimator.

Diffenderfer, Eric S.; Ainsley, Christopher G.; Kirk, Maura L.; McDonough, James E.; Maughan, Richard L. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 (United States)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

269

Impacts of Secondary Waste on Near-Surface Disposal Facility ...  

Impacts of Secondary Waste on Near-Surface Disposal Facility at Hanford ... DOE low-level and mixed low-level waste. 1E-06 1E-05 1E-04 1E-03 1E-02 ...

270

Secondary air interaction with main flow in axial turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Secondary air, known as purge air, is injected through seals in the hub and shroud of axial turbines to prevent hot gas ingestion into the endwall cavities. An investigation into the interaction of purge ow with turbine ...

Zlatinov, Metodi B. (Metodi Blagoev)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Secondary Flow and Upstream Dynamics in Double Bifurcation Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flow behavior in bifurcation models is of great importance to health risk assessments and pulmonary drug delivery. This is particularly true of secondary flow behavior in multi-bifurcation models. Previously, both numerical ...

Leong, Fong Yew

272

A LISP Garbage Collector Algorithm Using Serial Secondary Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents an algorithm for reclaiming unused free storage memory cells in LISP. It depends on availability of a fast secondary storage device, or a large block of available temporary storage. For this price, we ...

Minsky, M.L.

1963-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

273

Simplified hybrid-secondary uncluttered machine and method ...  

An electric machine (40, 40') has a stator (43) and a rotor (46) and a primary air gap (48) has secondary coils (47c, 47d) separated from the rotor (46) by a ...

274

Interconnecting PV on New York City's Secondary Network Distribution System  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study describes technical assistance provided by NREL to help New York City and Con Edison improve the interconnection of distributed PV systems on a secondary network distribution system.

Anderson, K.; Coddington, M.; Burman, K.; Hayter, S.; Kroposki, B.; Watson, A.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

An Objective Model for Identifying Secondary Eyewall Formation in Hurricanes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hurricanes, and particularly major hurricanes, will often organize a secondary eyewall at some distance around the primary eyewall. These events have been associated with marked changes in the intensity and structure of the inner core, such as ...

James P. Kossin; Matthew Sitkowski

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Secondary Organic Aerosol Formation from Primary Aliphatic Amines with Nitrate Radical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

back- ground atmospheric aerosol in the UK determined inof secondary organic aerosols, Atmos. Environ. , 31, 3921–et al. : Secondary organic aerosol formation from amines

Malloy, Q G J; Qi, L; Warren, B; Cocker III, D R; Erupe, M E; Silva, P J

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Open Space Stewardship Workshop for Secondary Teachers | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Open Space Stewardship Workshop for Secondary Teachers Open Space Stewardship Workshop for Secondary Teachers Open Space Stewardship Workshop for Secondary Teachers April 15, 2013 4:15PM EDT to June 14, 2013 5:15PM EDT Brookhaven National Laboratory This practical, hands-on workshop provides an opportunity to experience the equipment and field techniques that are useful in Open Space Stewardship Program. The four day workshop (July 15-19 2013) seeks to make Open Space Stewardship Program a part of your classroom and school, explore the interdisciplinary nature of Open Space Stewardship and how it can serve as a basis for multiple content areas, find open spaces near your school, and develop a plan for implementing OSSP in your classroom, learn about and practice field and hands-on techniques for studying the environment,

278

Secondary pollutants from ozone reactions with ventilation filters and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Secondary pollutants from ozone reactions with ventilation filters and Secondary pollutants from ozone reactions with ventilation filters and degradation of filter media additives Title Secondary pollutants from ozone reactions with ventilation filters and degradation of filter media additives Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2011 Authors Destaillats, Hugo, Wenhao Chen, Michael G. Apte, Nuan Li, Michael Spears, Jérémie Almosni, Gregory Brunner, Jianshun(Jensen) Zhang, and William J. Fisk Journal Atmospheric Environment Volume 45 Start Page 3561 Issue 21 Pagination 3561-3568 Keywords commercial building ventilation & indoor environmental quality group, commercial building ventilation and indoor environmental quality group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department, indoor environment department, indoor environment group

279

Preoperational practices for steam generators and secondary-system components  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PWR operating experience has shown that proper control of steam generator and secondary plant cleanliness during construction will prevent corrosion of critical components, minimize impurity transport to the steam generators, and minimize startup delays. This volume contains the following guidelines which address preoperational practices: Preoperational Flushing, Cleaning, and Layup of PWR Steam/Feedwater/Condensate Systems, Revision 1; and Guidelines to Minimize Contamination of PWR Steam Generators during Plant Construction, Revision 1. The guidelines provide specific recommendations and associated justifications for maintaining steam generator cleanliness during shipment, storage, and installation; and secondary plant cleanliness during construction. Recommendations for preoperational cleaning and flushing of secondary systems are also provided. 1 ref., 9 figs., 2 tabs.

Not Available

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Pete_Lyons_Nomination_Testimony  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Peter B. Lyons Peter B. Lyons Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy Designee Before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources United States Senate March 8, 2011 Chairman Bingaman, Ranking Member Murkowski, and distinguished Members of the Committee, it is an honor and a privilege to appear before you today as President Obama's nominee for Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy within the Department of Energy. It is a special honor for me to appear before this Committee. I worked with the Members and staff of this Committee for eight years while I was in Senator Domenici's personal office, and later when I served on the staff of this Committee. I originally came to the Senate on a detail from Los Alamos National Laboratory, where I worked for nearly 30 years.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "firm secondary nominations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Keys, nominals, and concrete domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many description logics (DLs) combine knowledge representation on an abstract, logical level with an interface to "concrete" domains like numbers and strings with built-in predicates such as <, +, and prefix-of. These hybrid DLs have turned out to ...

Carsten Lutz; Carlos Areces; Ian Horrocks; Ulrike Sattler

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Champions Nomination | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Description Organization Type * Industry Non-profit Association Academic Institution Market Sector * Apparel Building Materials Food Concessions Furniture Information...

283

Abstract--The implementation of auctions of long-term firm energy call options and forward contracts as part of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for investors, as they enable merchant power plants to sell their electricity for up to 5 years ahead at known) energy production capacity in dry years. For thermal plants, the FEC is given by the available capacity, a thermal plant whose variable operating cost was equal to the rationing cost would have a firm energy

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad CatĂłlica de Chile)

284

Avoiding Bad Press: Interpersonal Influence in Relations Between CEOs and Journalists and the Consequences for Press Reporting About Firms and Their Leadership  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study we consider how and when interpersonal relations between chief executive officers (CEOs) and journalists can influence the content of journalists' reporting about corporate leaders and their firms. Specifically, we draw from the social ... Keywords: corporate governance, journalism, social influence, top management, upper echelons

James D. Westphal; David L. Deephouse

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

The more you spend, the more you get? The effects of R&D and capital expenditures on the patenting activities of biotechnology firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides evidence on the mechanisms influencing the patent output of a sample of small and large, entrepreneurial and established biotechnology firms from the input of indirect knowledge acquired from capital expenditures and direct ... Keywords: Biotechnology, Capital expenditure, L25, L65, O34, Patents, Poisson models, R&D

Roberta Piergiovanni; Enrico Santarelli

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Abstract--We formulate a three-period model for studying how the exercise of local market power by generation firms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

generally leads to social losses. Since the existing US electricity transmission network was designed to 1 by generation firms affects the equilibrium investment between the generation and the transmission sectors. Using a 30-bus network example, we compare the transmission investment decisions made by a "proactive

287

Traditional communities, multinationals and biodiversity: the example of an innovative partnership between the cosmetic firm Natura and the Brazil nut extractivists of So  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

between the cosmetic firm Natura and the Brazil nut extractivists of SĂŁo Francisco in the Sustainable Studies Association, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, June 11-14th , 2009. 1 halshs-00493592,version1-20Jun2010 Author manuscript, published in "LASA 2009 conference, Rion de janeiro : Brazil (2009)" #12;Abstract

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

288

Absence of Debye Sheaths Due to Secondary Electron Emission  

SciTech Connect

A bounded plasma where the hot electrons impacting the walls produce more than one secondary on average is studied via particle-in-cell simulation. It is found that no classical Debye sheath or space-charge limited sheath exists. Ions are not drawn to the walls and electrons are not repelled. Hence the unconfined plasma electrons travel unobstructed to the walls, causing extreme particle and energy fluxes. Each wall has a positive charge, forming a small potential barrier or "inverse sheath" that pulls some secondaries back to the wall to maintain the zero current condition.

M.D. Campanell, A. Khrabrov and I. D. Kaganovich

2012-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

289

Secondary Waste Form Development and Optimization—Cast Stone  

SciTech Connect

Washington River Protection Services is considering the design and construction of a Solidification Treatment Unit (STU) for the Effluent Treatment Facility (ETF) at Hanford. The ETF is a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act-permitted, multi-waste, treatment and storage unit and can accept dangerous, low-level, and mixed wastewaters for treatment. The STU needs to be operational by 2018 to receive secondary liquid wastes generated during operation of the Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). The STU to ETF will provide the additional capacity needed for ETF to process the increased volume of secondary wastes expected to be produced by WTP.

Sundaram, S. K.; Parker, Kent E.; Valenta, Michelle M.; Pitman, Stan G.; Chun, Jaehun; Chung, Chul-Woo; Kimura, Marcia L.; Burns, Carolyn A.; Um, Wooyong; Westsik, Joseph H.

2011-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

290

Development of improved iron Fischer-Tropsch catalysts. [Iron catalyst with nominal composition 100Fe/0. 3Cu/0. 8K  

SciTech Connect

Three tests (two fixed bed and one stirred tank slurry reactor) were completed during the reporting period. Also, the work on catalyst characterization by different techniques (atomic absorption, BET surface area and pore size distribution and x-ray powder diffraction).The performance of a precipitated iron catalyst with nominal composition lOOFe/0.3Cu/0.8K has been evaluated in two fixed bed reactor tests designated FB-0142 and FB-0352 following pretreatment with syngas (H{sub 2}/CO=0.67) at 280{degree}C, 3Nl/g-cat/h and atomspheric pressure for 8 hours. Flow interruption occurred in the first test (FB-0142) at about 72h on stream, and the second test (FB-0352) was to assess any potential adverse effects of this flow interruption on performance of the catalyst. The catalyst was tested at 250{degree}C, 200 psig, 2Nl/g-cat/h using syngas of the same composition as that employed during the pretreatment. Initial conversions in both tests were high (about 84%) but the catalyst deactivated fairly rapidly. The (H{sub 2} + CO) conversion at the end of the first test (120h on stream) was about 52%, whereas the syngas conversion at the end of the second test (150h) was about 55%, indicating that the brief flow interruption during test FB-0142 had resulted in higher deactivation rate. Hydrocarbon selectivities in both tests were similar and their average values werr: (CH{sub 4})=4.7, (C{sub 2}{minus}C{sub 4})=19.5, (C{sub 5}{minus}C{sub 11})=25.3 and C{sub 12}{sup +}=50.5 wt%.

Bukur, D.B.

1992-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

291

Laboratory Measurement of Secondary Pollutant Yields from Ozone Reaction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laboratory Measurement of Secondary Pollutant Yields from Ozone Reaction Laboratory Measurement of Secondary Pollutant Yields from Ozone Reaction with HVAC Filters Title Laboratory Measurement of Secondary Pollutant Yields from Ozone Reaction with HVAC Filters Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of Publication 2009 Authors Destaillats, Hugo, Wenhao Chen, Michael G. Apte, Nuan Li, Michael Spears, Jérémie Almosni, Jianshun Zheng, and William J. Fisk Conference Name Proceedings of the Healthy Buildings 2009 Conference Conference Location Syracuse, NY Keywords building-related symptoms, hvac filter, ozone, ptr-ms, secondary pollutants Abstract We used Proton Transfer Reaction - Mass Spectrometry (PTR-MS) and conventional sampling methods to monitor and identify trace level organic pollutants formed in heterogeneous reactions between ozone and HVAC filters in real time. Experiments were carried out using a bench-scale flow tube reactor operating with dry air and humidified air (50% RH), at realistically high ozone concentrations (150 ppbv). We explored different filter media (i.e., fiberglass and cotton/polyester blends) and different particle loadings (i.e., clean filter and filters loaded with particles for 3 months at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the Port of Oakland, CA). Detailed emission dynamics of very low levels of certain organic pollutants from filter media upon ozone exposure in the presence of moisture have been obtained and analyzed.

292

PWR Primary-to-Secondary Leak Guidelines - Revision 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Primary-to-secondary leakage of steam generator tubes in pressurized water reactors (PWRs) can result from mechanisms that propagate slowly or rapidly. This report represents Revision 3 of industry-wide guidelines first proposed in 1995 to address the issue of leakage.

2004-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

293

An Overview of the Louisiana Secondary Wood Products Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the State of Louisiana. In addition, because the origin of material purchased from in-state suppliers cannot of the development of buying or manufacturing cooperatives that could create purchasing and sales/marketing leverage Secondary Wood Product Manufacturers Number of Employees by Establishment (Percent of respondent companies

294

Online Pricing of Secondary Spectrum Access with Unknown Demand Function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-of-the-day arrival rate trends. The simulations showed that AMTP closely tracks the time-varying optimal price1 Online Pricing of Secondary Spectrum Access with Unknown Demand Function Huseyin Mutlu, Murat while SUs are admitted and priced according to current availability of excess spectrum. The average rate

Starobinski, David

295

Secondary Market for Transmission and Yong T. Yoon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(delivery) contracts for energy. The forward price may be described as the spot market price for deliverySecondary Market for Transmission and Yong T. Yoon IEEE Student Member dreamer@mit.edu the Supporting Marija D. Ilit IEEE Fellow ilicflmit. edu Infrastructures Laboratory for Information and Decision

Ilic, Marija D.

296

SINGLE SUBJECT CREDENTIALS IN SCIENCE To earn a secondary science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SINGLE SUBJECT CREDENTIALS IN SCIENCE To earn a secondary science teaching credential, candidates. The California Commission on Teacher Credentialing authorizes eight different science credentials that authorizes OR successful passage of several subtests of the California Science Examination for Teachers (CSET) in Science

de Lijser, Peter

297

NITROGEN EVOLUTION AND SOOT FORMATION DURING SECONDARY COAL PYROLYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reactor to provide a high temperature, oxygen-free post-flame environment to study secondary reactions yields of the primary tar as a function of reactor temperature in coal [N]tar nitrogen content in tar or soot N nitrogen N2 molecular nitrogen NH3 ammonia NMR Nuclear

Fletcher, Thomas H.

298

Indoor Secondary Pollutants from Household Product Emissions in the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Indoor Secondary Pollutants from Household Product Emissions in the Indoor Secondary Pollutants from Household Product Emissions in the Presence of Ozone: A Bench-Scale Chamber Study Title Indoor Secondary Pollutants from Household Product Emissions in the Presence of Ozone: A Bench-Scale Chamber Study Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-58785 Year of Publication 2006 Authors Destaillats, Hugo, Melissa M. Lunden, Brett C. Singer, Beverly K. Coleman, Alfred T. Hodgson, Charles J. Weschler, and William W. Nazaroff Journal Environmental Science and Technology Volume 40 Start Page Chapter Pagination 4421-4428 Abstract Ozone-driven chemistry is a major source of indoor secondary pollutants of health concern. This study investigates secondary air pollutants formed from reactions between constituents of household products and ozone. Gas-phase product emissions were introduced along with ozone at constant rates into a 198-L Teflon-lined reaction chamber. Gas-phase concentrations of reactive terpenoids and oxidation products were measured. Formaldehyde was a predominant oxidation byproduct for the three studied products, with yields under most conditions of 20-30% with respect to ozone consumed. Acetaldehyde, acetone, glycolaldehyde, formic acid and acetic acid were each also detected for two or three of the products. Immediately upon mixing of reactants, a scanning mobility particle sizer detected particle nucleation events that were followed by a significant degree of ultrafine particle growth. The production of secondary gaseous pollutants and particles depended primarily on the ozone level and was influenced by other parameters such as the air-exchange rate. Hydroxyl radical concentrations in the range 0.04-200 Ă— 105 molecules cm-3 were measured. OH concentrations were observed to vary strongly with residual ozone level in the chamber, which was in the range 1 - 25 ppb, as is consistent with expectations from a simplified kinetic model. In a separate test, we exposed the dry residue of two products to ozone in the chamber and observed the formation of gas-phase and particle-phase secondary oxidation products

299

Secondary Waste Cast Stone Waste Form Qualification Testing Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) is being constructed to treat the 56 million gallons of radioactive waste stored in 177 underground tanks at the Hanford Site. The WTP includes a pretreatment facility to separate the wastes into high-level waste (HLW) and low-activity waste (LAW) fractions for vitrification and disposal. The LAW will be converted to glass for final disposal at the Integrated Disposal Facility (IDF). Cast Stone – a cementitious waste form, has been selected for solidification of this secondary waste stream after treatment in the ETF. The secondary-waste Cast Stone waste form must be acceptable for disposal in the IDF. This secondary waste Cast Stone waste form qualification testing plan outlines the testing of the waste form and immobilization process to demonstrate that the Cast Stone waste form can comply with the disposal requirements. Specifications for the secondary-waste Cast Stone waste form have not been established. For this testing plan, Cast Stone specifications are derived from specifications for the immobilized LAW glass in the WTP contract, the waste acceptance criteria for the IDF, and the waste acceptance criteria in the IDF Permit issued by the State of Washington. This testing plan outlines the testing needed to demonstrate that the waste form can comply with these waste form specifications and acceptance criteria. The testing program must also demonstrate that the immobilization process can be controlled to consistently provide an acceptable waste form product. This testing plan also outlines the testing needed to provide the technical basis for understanding the long-term performance of the waste form in the disposal environment. These waste form performance data are needed to support performance assessment analyses of the long-term environmental impact of the secondary-waste Cast Stone waste form in the IDF

Westsik, Joseph H.; Serne, R. Jeffrey

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

300

Nano-Domain Analysis Via Massive Cluster Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry in the Event-by-Event Mode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) is a surface analysis technique which characterizes species sputtered by an energetic particle beam. Bombardment with cluster projectiles offers the following notable advantages over bombardment with atomic ions or small clusters: enhanced emission of molecular ions, low damage cross-section, and reduced molecular fragmentation. Additionally, in the case of Au4004 and C60 impacts, desorption originates from nanometric volumes. These features make clusters useful probes to obtain molecular information from both nano-objects and nano-domains. The "event-by-event bombardment/detection mode" probes nano-objects one-at-a-time, while collecting and storing the corresponding secondary ion (SI) information. Presented here are the first experiments where free-standing nano-objects were bombarded with keV projectiles of atomic to nanoparticle size. The objects are aluminum nano-whiskers, 2 nm in diameter and ~250 nm in length. Au4004 has a diameter of ~2 nm, comparable to the nominal diameter of the nanowhiskers. There are notable differences in the SI response from sample volumes too small for full projectile energy deposition. The whisker spectra are dominated by small clusters?the most abundant species being AlO- and AlO2-. Bulk samples have larger yields for AlO2- than for AlO-, while this trend is reversed in whisker samples. Bulk samples give similar abundances of large SI clusters, while whisker samples give an order of magnitude lower yield of these SIs. Effective yields were calculated in order to determine quantitative differences between the nano-objects and bulk samples. The characterization of individual nano-objects from a mixture is demonstrated with negatively charged polymer spheres that are attracted to and retained by the nano-whiskers. The spheres are monodisperse polystyrene nanoparticles (30nm diameter). Our results show that the event-by-event mode can provide information on the nature, size, relative location, and abundance of nano-objects in the field of view. This study presents the first evidence of quantitative molecular information originating from nano-object mixtures. Biologically relevant systems (solid-supported lipid bilayers) were also characterized using Au5 , Au4004 and C60 . Organization-dependent SI emission was observed for phosphocholine bilayers. Lipid domain formation was also investigated in bilayers formed from cholesterol and a mixed lipid system. Trends in the correlation coefficient suggest that cholesterol segregates from the surrounding lipid environment during raft formation.

Pinnick, Veronica Tiffany

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "firm secondary nominations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Laser system for secondary cooling of {sup 87}Sr atoms  

SciTech Connect

A laser system with a narrow generation line for secondary laser cooling of {sup 87}Sr atoms has been developed and investigated. It is planned to use ultracold {sup 87}Sr atoms loaded in an optical lattice in an optical frequency standard. To this end, a 689-nm semiconductor laser has been stabilised using an external reference ultrastable cavity with vibrational and temperature compensation near the critical point. The lasing spectral width was 80 Hz (averaging time 40 ms), and the frequency drift was at a level of 0.3 Hz s{sup -1}. Comparison of two independent laser systems yielded a minimum Allan deviation: 2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -14} for 300-s averaging. It is shown that this system satisfies all requirements necessary for secondary cooling of 87Sr atoms using the spectrally narrow {sup 1}S{sub 0} - {sup 3}P{sub 1} transition ({lambda} = 689 nm). (cooling of atoms)

Khabarova, K Yu; Slyusarev, S N; Strelkin, S A; Belotelov, G S; Kostin, A S; Pal'chikov, Vitaly G; Kolachevsky, Nikolai N

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

302

Proceedings: 2003 Steam Generator Secondary Side Management Conference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With more utilities replacing steam generators and applying for (and receiving) license renewal and uprates, it is imperative that we coordinate our efforts for improved steam generator management. This report contains the work presented at EPRI's 2003 Steam Generator Secondary Side Management Conference, where 35 papers were presented on current issues, research, and utility experiences involving corrosion product generation and transport, deposit control and mitigation, deposit consolidation and remova...

2003-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

303

Modeling the Oxygen - Hydrazine Reaction in PWR Secondary Feedwater  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The proper control of oxygen in primary water reactor (PWR) secondary feedwater, using hydrazine, has been an enduring issue. The requirements on the oxygen concentration are partly opposing. Fully deoxygenated conditions in the steam generators are essential to minimize corrosion. On the other hand, some oxygen in the feedwater counteracts corrosion of carbon steel surfaces and the transport of corrosion products to the steam generators. Optimization is, therefore, essential. This work applies the frame...

2008-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

304

Anode for a secondary, high-temperature electrochemical cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high-temperature, secondary electrochemical cell includes an anode containing lithium, an electrolyte containing lithium ions and a cathode containing a chalcogen material such as sulfur or a metallic sulfide. The anode includes a porous substrate formed of, for instance, a compacted mass of entangled metallic fibers providing interstitial crevices for receiving molten lithium metal. The surfaces of the interstitial crevices are provided with a coating of cobalt metal to enhance the retention of the molten lithium metal within the substrate.

Vissers, Donald R. (Naperville, IL); Tani, Benjamin S. (Chicago, IL)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

System and apparatus for monitoring or controlling secondary battery operation  

SciTech Connect

The terminal current of a main secondary battery is continuously monitored throughout charging and discharging by a system having a monitor cell, such as a metal gas battery, and having circuitry for conforming monitor cell terminal current in sense, and proportionally in magnitude, to the main battery terminal current. Apparatus responsive to the monitor cell state of charge may provide sensible output indication of main battery state of charge or control charging/discharging of the main battery.

Klein, M.G.

1980-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

306

Commercial Reference Building: Secondary School | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Secondary School Secondary School Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Secondary School for each of the 16 climate zones,and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for the three construction categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

307

Axisymmetrically Tropical Cyclone-like Vortices with Secondary Circulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The secondary circulation of the tropical cyclone (TC) is related to its formation and intensification, thus becomes very important in the studies. The analytical solutions have both the primary and secondary circulation in a three-dimensionally nonhydrostatic and adiabatic model. We prove that there are three intrinsic radiuses for the axisymmetrically ideal incompressible flow. The first one is the radius of maximum primary circular velocity $r_m$. The second one is radius of the primary kernel $r_k>r_m$, across which the vorticity of the primary circulation changes sign and the vertical velocity changes direction. The last one is the radius of the maximum primary vorticity $r_d$, at which the vertical flow of the secondary circulation approaches its maximum, and across which the radius velocity changes sign. The first TC-like vortex solution has universal inflow or outflow. The relations between the intrinsic length scales are $r_k=\\sqrt{2}r_m$ and $r_d=2r_m$. The second one is a multi-planar solution, per...

Sun, Liang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Development of a farm-firm modelling system for evaluation of herbaceous energy crops. Final project report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A complete analysis is performed to simulate biomass production incorporated into a realistic whole farm situation, including or replacing a typical crop mix. Representative farms are constructed to accommodate such simulation. Four management systems are simulated for each firm, with each simulation depicting a different crop mix and/or use of different farming technologies and production methods. The first simulation was a base farm plan in which the operator would maintain the historical crop mix for the area, participate in all price support programs, and not participate in either a conservative reserve or a biomass production program. In the second simulation, the operator would again maintain the historical crop mix, would not participate in a conservation reserve or biomass production program, and would be ineligible to participate in any price support system. The third simulation introduced the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) and included participation in all price support programs. The fourth simulation introduced a biomass crop production enterprise (switchgrass) as an alternative to enrolling highly erodible cropland in the CRP and allowed participation in price support programs. Simulations were made for three farms, two in West Tennessee and on in South Georgia. Results indicate that erosion is likely to be reduced more by the diversion of cropland to permanent vegetative cover on farms similar to the more highly erodible West Tennessee farms than on the less erodible Tift County, Georgia farm. Equivalent reductions in erosion rates result from entering highly erodible cropland in the CRP and from production of switchgrass as a biomass energy crop. Both switchgrass and CRP farm plans result in decreased net returns from the base plan, although the biomass farm plans are, in general, more profitable than the CRP plans.

English, B.C.; Alexander, R.R.; Loewen, K.H.; Coady, S.A.; Cole, G.V.; Goodman, W.R. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

FIRM Program Booklet[5  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the time, expense and consumption of animals seen ... as the low-? friction, load bearing tissue ... such as backscattered energy, frequency dependence ...

2012-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

310

Windy Gap Firming Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

action is to relocate approximately 3.8 miles of the existing Estes to Lyons 115-kilovolt transmission line, if the Chimney Hollow Reservoir alternative is constructed. The line...

311

Secondary Waste Form Down Selection Data Package – Ceramicrete  

SciTech Connect

As part of high-level waste pretreatment and immobilized low activity waste processing, liquid secondary wastes will be generated that will be transferred to the Effluent Treatment Facility on the Hanford Site for further treatment. These liquid secondary wastes will be converted to stable solid waste forms that will be disposed in the Integrated Disposal Facility. Currently, four waste forms are being considered for stabilization and solidification of the liquid secondary wastes. These waste forms are Cast Stone, Ceramicrete, DuraLith, and Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer. The preferred alternative will be down selected from these four waste forms. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is developing data packages to support the down selection process. The objective of the data packages is to identify, evaluate, and summarize the existing information on the four waste forms being considered for stabilization and solidification of the liquid secondary wastes. The information included will be based on information available in the open literature and from data obtained from testing currently underway. This data package is for the Ceramicrete waste form. Ceramicrete is a relatively new engineering material developed at Argonne National Laboratory to treat radioactive and hazardous waste streams (e.g., Wagh 2004; Wagh et al. 1999a, 2003; Singh et al. 2000). This cement-like waste form can be used to treat solids, liquids, and sludges by chemical immobilization, microencapsulation, and/or macroencapsulation. The Ceramicrete technology is based on chemical reaction between phosphate anions and metal cations to form a strong, dense, durable, low porosity matrix that immobilizes hazardous and radioactive contaminants as insoluble phosphates and microencapsulates insoluble radioactive components and other constituents that do not form phosphates. Ceramicrete is a type of phosphate-bonded ceramic, which are also known as chemically bonded phosphate ceramics. The Ceramicrete binder is formed through an acid-base reaction between calcined magnesium oxide (MgO; a base) and potassium hydrogen phosphate (KH{sub 2}PO{sub 4}; an acid) in aqueous solution. The reaction product sets at room temperature to form a highly crystalline material. During the reaction, the hazardous and radioactive contaminants also react with KH{sub 2}PO{sub 4} to form highly insoluble phosphates. In this data package, physical property and waste acceptance data for Ceramicrete waste forms fabricated with wastes having compositions that were similar to those expected for secondary waste effluents, as well as secondary waste effluent simulants from the Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant were reviewed. With the exception of one secondary waste form formulation (25FA+25 W+1B.A. fabricated with the mixed simulant did not meet the compressive strength requirement), all the Ceramicrete waste forms that were reviewed met or exceeded Integrated Disposal Facility waste acceptance criteria.

Cantrell, Kirk J.; Westsik, Joseph H.

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

312

Scaling up Secondary Unit Production in the East Bay: Impacts and Policy Implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of  Oakland’s  housing  units.    The   neighborhoods  05 Scaling up Secondary Unit Production in the East Bay:S CALING  UP  SECONDARY  UNIT  PRODUCTION  IN  THE   E AST  

Wegmann, Jake; Nemirow, Alison; Chapple, Karen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

A Numerical Case Study of Secondary Marine Cyclogenesis Sensitivity to Initial Error and Varying Physical Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Secondary cyclogenesis has been identified as a difficult forecast challenge. In this paper, the authors examine the dominant physical processes associated with the predictability of a case of explosive secondary marine cyclogenesis and provide a ...

Marco L. Carrera; John R. Gyakum; Da-Lin Zhang

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Potentials and limits of secondary spectrum usage by CDMA base stations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the progress of transmission technology and fast growing demand for ubiquitous high speed wireless services, it is clear that the pressure towards more flexibility in usage of limited spectrum will increase. With concept of spectrum sharing, in ... Keywords: primary exclusive region (PER), secondary spectrum usage, secondary usage allowable region (SAR), secondary usage prohibitive region (SPR)

Eun-Hee Shin; Dongwoo Kim

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Secondary waste form testing : ceramicrete phosphate bonded ceramics.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The cleanup activities of the Hanford tank wastes require stabilization and solidification of the secondary waste streams generated from the processing of the tank wastes. The treatment of these tank wastes to produce glass waste forms will generate secondary wastes, including routine solid wastes and liquid process effluents. Liquid wastes may include process condensates and scrubber/off-gas treatment liquids from the thermal waste treatment. The current baseline for solidification of the secondary wastes is a cement-based waste form. However, alternative secondary waste forms are being considered. In this regard, Ceramicrete technology, developed at Argonne National Laboratory, is being explored as an option to solidify and stabilize the secondary wastes. The Ceramicrete process has been demonstrated on four secondary waste formulations: baseline, cluster 1, cluster 2, and mixed waste streams. Based on the recipes provided by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, the four waste simulants were prepared in-house. Waste forms were fabricated with three filler materials: Class C fly ash, CaSiO{sub 3}, and Class C fly ash + slag. Optimum waste loadings were as high as 20 wt.% for the fly ash and CaSiO{sub 3}, and 15 wt.% for fly ash + slag filler. Waste forms for physical characterizations were fabricated with no additives, hazardous contaminants, and radionuclide surrogates. Physical property characterizations (density, compressive strength, and 90-day water immersion test) showed that the waste forms were stable and durable. Compressive strengths were >2,500 psi, and the strengths remained high after the 90-day water immersion test. Fly ash and CaSiO{sub 3} filler waste forms appeared to be superior to the waste forms with fly ash + slag as a filler. Waste form weight loss was {approx}5-14 wt.% over the 90-day immersion test. The majority of the weight loss occurred during the initial phase of the immersion test, indicative of washing off of residual unreacted binder components from the waste form surface. Waste forms for ANS 16.1 leach testing contained appropriate amounts of rhenium and iodine as radionuclide surrogates, along with the additives silver-loaded zeolite and tin chloride. The leachability index for Re was found to range from 7.9 to 9.0 for all the samples evaluated. Iodine was below detection limit (5 ppb) for all the leachate samples. Further, leaching of sodium was low, as indicated by the leachability index ranging from 7.6-10.4, indicative of chemical binding of the various chemical species. Target leachability indices for Re, I, and Na were 9, 11, and 6, respectively. Degradation was observed in some of the samples post 90-day ANS 16.1 tests. Toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) results showed that all the hazardous contaminants were contained in the waste, and the hazardous metal concentrations were below the Universal Treatment Standard limits. Preliminary scale-up (2-gal waste forms) was conducted to demonstrate the scalability of the Ceramicrete process. Use of minimal amounts of boric acid as a set retarder was used to control the working time for the slurry. Flexibility in treating waste streams with wide ranging compositional make-ups and ease of process scale-up are attractive attributes of Ceramicrete technology.

Singh, D.; Ganga, R.; Gaviria, J.; Yusufoglu, Y. (Nuclear Engineering Division); ( ES)

2011-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

316

Secondary plant succession on disturbed sites at Yucca Mountain, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of a study of secondary plant succession on disturbed sites created during initial site investigations in the late 1970s and early 1980s at Yucca Mountain, NV. Specific study objectives were to determine the rate and success of secondary plant succession, identify plant species found in disturbances that may be suitable for site-specific reclamation, and to identify environmental variables that influence succession on disturbed sites. During 1991 and 1992, fifty seven disturbed sites were located. Vegetation parameters, disturbance characteristics and environmental variables were measured at each site. Disturbed site vegetation parameters were compared to that of undisturbed sites to determine the status of disturbed site plant succession. Vegetation on disturbed sites, after an average of ten years, was different from undisturbed areas. Ambrosia dumosa, Chrysothamnus teretifolius, Hymenoclea salsola, Gutierrezia sarothrae, Atriplex confertifolia, Atriplex canescens, and Stephanomeria pauciflora were the most dominant species across all disturbed sites. With the exception of A. dumosa, these species were generally minor components of the undisturbed vegetation. Elevation, soil compaction, soil potassium, and amounts of sand and gravel in the soil were found to be significant environmental variables influencing the species composition and abundance of perennial plants on disturbed sites. The recovery rate for disturbed site secondary succession was estimated. Using a linear function (which would represent optimal conditions), the recovery rate for perennial plant cover, regardless of which species comprised the cover, was estimated to be 20 years. However, when a logarithmic function (which would represent probable conditions) was used, the recovery rate was estimated to be 845 years. Recommendations for future studies and site-specific reclamation of disturbances are presented.

Angerer, J.P.; Ostler, W.K.; Gabbert, W.D.; Schultz, B.W.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

A spectroscopic search for faint secondaries in cataclysmic variables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The secondary in cataclysmic variables (CV's) is usually detected by cross-correlation of the CV spectrum with that of a K or M dwarf template, to produce a radial velocity curve. Although this method has demonstrated its power, it has its limits in the case of noisy spectra, such as are found when the secondary is faint. A method of co-adding spectra, called skew mapping, has been proposed in the past. Gradually, examples of its application are being published. Nonetheless, so far no journal article has described the technique in detail. To answer this need, this paper explores in detail the capabilities of skew mapping when determining the amplitude of the radial velocity for faint secondaries. It demonstrates the method's power over techniques that are more conventional, when the signal-to-noise (s/n) ratio is poor. The paper suggests an approach to assessing the quality of results. This leads in the case of the investigated objects to a first tier of results, where we find K2=127+-23 km/s for SY Cnc, K2=144+-18 km/s for RW Sex, and K2=262+-14 km/s for UX UMa. These we believe to be the first direct determinations of K2 for these objects. Furthermore, we also obtain K2=263+-30 km/s for RW Tri, close to a skew mapping result obtained elsewhere. In the first three cases, we use these results to derive the mass of the white dwarf companion. A second tier of results includes UU Aqr, EX Hya, and LX Ser, for which we propose more tentative values of K2. Clear failures of the method are also discussed (EF Eri, VV Pup, SW Sex).

D. Vande Putte; Robert Connon Smith; N. A. Hawkins; J. S. Martin

2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

318

Economic Implementation and Optimization of Secondary Oil Recovery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The St Mary West Barker Sand Unit (SMWBSU or Unit) located in Lafayette County, Arkansas was unitized for secondary recovery operations in 2002 followed by installation of a pilot injection system in the fall of 2003. A second downdip water injection well was added to the pilot project in 2005 and 450,000 barrels of saltwater has been injected into the reservoir sand to date. Daily injection rates have been improved over initial volumes by hydraulic fracture stimulation of the reservoir sand in the injection wells. Modifications to the injection facilities are currently being designed to increase water injection rates for the pilot flood. A fracture treatment on one of the production wells resulted in a seven-fold increase of oil production. Recent water production and increased oil production in a producer closest to the pilot project indicates possible response to the water injection. The reservoir and wellbore injection performance data obtained during the pilot project will be important to the secondary recovery optimization study for which the DOE grant was awarded. The reservoir characterization portion of the modeling and simulation study is in progress by Strand Energy project staff under the guidance of University of Houston Department of Geosciences professor Dr. Janok Bhattacharya and University of Texas at Austin Department of Petroleum and Geosystems Engineering professor Dr. Larry W. Lake. A geologic and petrophysical model of the reservoir is being constructed from geophysical data acquired from core, well log and production performance histories. Possible use of an outcrop analog to aid in three dimensional, geostatistical distribution of the flow unit model developed from the wellbore data will be investigated. The reservoir model will be used for full-field history matching and subsequent fluid flow simulation based on various injection schemes including patterned water flooding, addition of alkaline surfactant-polymer (ASP) to the injected water, and high pressure air injection (HPAI) for in-situ low temperature oxidization (LTO) will be studied for optimization of the secondary recovery process.

Cary D. Brock

2006-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

319

Method of launching a missile using secondary combustion  

SciTech Connect

A method is described of selectively increasing the energy output of a gas generator utilized to launch a missile from a launch tube without igniting the missile until after it is launched from the tube comprising the steps of: providing combustible products in the products of combustion produced by primary combustion within the gas generator; providing varying quantities of oxidant in the launch tube to burn the combustible products in the products of combustion produced by the gas generator; and controlling the temperature of the products of combustion produced by the gas generator to permit secondary combustion of the combustible products.

Erikson, E.E.

1987-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

320

Secondary Electron Emission from Dust and Its Effect on Charging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrogen plasma is produced in a plasma chamber by striking discharge between incandescent tungsten filaments and the permanent magnetic cage [1], which is grounded. The magnetic cage has a full line cusped magnetic field geometry used to confine the plasma elements. A cylindrical Langmuir probe is used to study the plasma parameters in various discharge conditions. The charge accumulated on the dust particles is calculated using the capacitance model and the dust current is measured by the combination of a Faraday cup and an electrometer at different discharge conditions. It is found Secondary electron emission from dust having low emission yield effects the charging of dust particles in presence of high energetic electrons.

Saikia, B. K.; Kakati, B.; Kausik, S. S. [Centre of Plasma Physics, Institute for Plasma Research, Nazirakhat, Sonapur-782402, Assam (India); Bandyopadhyay, M. [ITER-India, Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar-382 428 (India)

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "firm secondary nominations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

The impact of BWR MK I primary containment failure dynamics on secondary containment integrity  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

During the past four years, the ORNL BWRSAT Program has developed a series of increasingly sophisticated BWR secondary containment models. These models have been applied in a variety of studies to evaluate the severe accident mitigation capability of BWR secondary containments. This paper describes the results of a recent ORNL study of the impact of BWR MK I primary containment failure dynamics on secondary containment integrity. A 26-cell MELCOR Browns Ferry secondary containment model is described and the predicted thermodynamic response of the secondary containment to a variety of postulated primary containment failure modes is presented. The effects of primary containment failure location, timing, and ultimate hole size on secondary containment response is investigated, and the potential impact of hydrogen deflagrations on secondary containment integrity is explored.

Greene, S.R.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

File:Secondary wind factsheet.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search File Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » File:Secondary wind factsheet.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:Secondary wind factsheet.pdf Size of this preview: 466 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 467 × 600 pixels. Go to page 1 2 3 4 Go! next page → next page → Full resolution ‎(1,312 × 1,687 pixels, file size: 1.63 MB, MIME type: application/pdf, 4 pages) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 14:33, 26 December 2013 Thumbnail for version as of 14:33, 26 December 2013 1,312 × 1,687, 4 pages (1.63 MB) Rbaranowski (Talk | contribs) Category:Wind for Schools Portal CurriculaCategory:Wind for Schools High School Curricula

323

Secondary recovery of gas from Gulf Coast reservoirs  

SciTech Connect

Studies funded by the Gas Research Institute have provided insight into the investment decisions of a small operator engaged in SGR from an abandoned Frio sandstone reservoir in Galveston County, Texas. Favorable gas-brine ratios were obtained by rapid brine production using gas lift. The lowered reservoir pressure allowed imbibition-trapped gas bubbles to expand and merge, forming a mobile phase which greatly improved recovery. Brine was disposed by environmentally benign reinjection into a shallower, unconsolidated sand unit, although the disposal formation suffered permeability damage due to iron hydroxides in the brine. Brine solids were reduced by keeping oxygen out of the surface plumbing and performing gas-brine separation in several steps inside pressurized vessels. Periodic backflowing of the disposal well dislodged the damaged surface layer of the unconsolidated disposal sand, which was then removed from the hole by swabbing, exposing a fresh formation surface to the brine. This work has shown that the technical problems involved in secondary gas recovery can be overcome by using relatively simple solutions in line with the budget constraints of a small operator. Because secondary gas production occurs in known fields located near major gathering systems and transmission lines, it is expected to supply a significant portion of future domestic natural gas.

Soeder, D.J.; Randolph, P.L.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

GOTHIC MODEL OF BWR SECONDARY CONTAINMENT DRAWDOWN ANALYSES  

SciTech Connect

This article introduces a GOTHIC version 7.1 model of the Secondary Containment Reactor Building Post LOCA drawdown analysis for a BWR. GOTHIC is an EPRI sponsored thermal hydraulic code. This analysis is required by the Utility to demonstrate an ability to restore and maintain the Secondary Containment Reactor Building negative pressure condition. The technical and regulatory issues associated with this modeling are presented. The analysis includes the affect of wind, elevation and thermal impacts on pressure conditions. The model includes a multiple volume representation which includes the spent fuel pool. In addition, heat sources and sinks are modeled as one dimensional heat conductors. The leakage into the building is modeled to include both laminar as well as turbulent behavior as established by actual plant test data. The GOTHIC code provides components to model heat exchangers used to provide fuel pool cooling as well as area cooling via air coolers. The results of the evaluation are used to demonstrate the time that the Reactor Building is at a pressure that exceeds external conditions. This time period is established with the GOTHIC model based on the worst case pressure conditions on the building. For this time period the Utility must assume the primary containment leakage goes directly to the environment. Once the building pressure is restored below outside conditions the release to the environment can be credited as a filtered release.

Hansen, P.N.

2004-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

325

Secondary ion collection and transport system for ion microprobe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A secondary ion collection and transport system, for use with an ion microprobe, which is very compact and occupies only a small working distance, thereby enabling the primary ion beam to have a short focal length and high resolution. Ions sputtered from the target surface by the primary beam's impact are collected between two arcuate members having radii of curvature and applied voltages that cause only ions within a specified energy band to be collected. The collected ions are accelerated and focused in a transport section consisting of a plurality of spaced conductive members which are coaxial with and distributed along the desired ion path. Relatively high voltages are applied to alternate transport sections to produce accelerating electric fields sufficient to transport the ions through the section to an ion mass analyzer, while lower voltages are applied to the other transport sections to focus the ions and bring their velocity to a level compatible with the analyzing apparatus.

Ward, James W. (Canoga Park, CA); Schlanger, Herbert (Simi Valley, CA); McNulty, Jr., Hugh (Santa Monica, CA); Parker, Norman W. (Camarillo, CA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Apparatus and method for controlling the secondary injection of fuel  

SciTech Connect

A combustor (28) for a gas turbine engine is provided comprising a primary combustion chamber (30) for combusting a first fuel to form a combustion flow stream (50) and a transition piece (32) located downstream from the primary combustion chamber (30). The transition piece (32) comprises a plurality of injectors (66) located around a circumference of the transition piece (32) for injecting a second fuel into the combustion flow stream (50). The injectors (66) are effective to create a radial temperature profile (74) at an exit (58) of the transition piece (32) having a reduced coefficient of variation relative to a radial temperature profile (64) at an inlet (54) of the transition piece (32). Methods for controlling the temperature profile of a secondary injection are also provided.

Martin, Scott M.; Cai, Weidong; Harris, Jr., Arthur J.

2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

327

Bacterial systems for selective plugging in secondary oil production  

SciTech Connect

In order to improve the secondary recovery of petroleum from Lower Cretaceous bitumen and heavy oil deposits in Alberta, Canada, plugging studies of anaerobic bacteria, capable of the controlled production of slime, in situ were undertaken. Known cultures of L. mesenteroides (NRRL B512, B512F, B742 and B523) and 75 wild strains were tested in a model core flooding apparatus for their ability to produce stable, water insoluble polysaccharide slimes. Slime was not formed using glucose/fructose nutrient but was formed by the known cultures and four wild strains when sucrose nutrient media was used. However, wherein the polysaccharides slime produced by the wild strains was found to be water soluble dextran polymers and thus unstable, that produced by the known L. mesenteroides strains was water insoluble and stable. It is thus possible to produce a water stable core plug by injecting an appropriate strain of L. mesenteroides followed by an injection of sucrose solution.

Jack, T.R.; Diblasio, E.; Thompson, B.G.; Ward, V.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Sputtering and secondary ion emission properties of alkali metal films and adsorbed monolayers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The secondary ion emission of alkali metal adsorbed monlayer and multilayer films has been studied. Profiling with sub-monolayer resolution has been performed by Auger, x-ray photoemission and secondary ion mass spectroscopy. Characteristic differences in the sputtering yields, and ion fraction have been observed which are associated with both the surface bonding properties and the mechanism leading to the formation of secondary ions. By sputtering with a negative bias applied to the sample, positive secondary ions are returned to the surface, resulting in a reduced sputter-induced erosion rate. Comparison with the results obtained with K and Li overlayers sputtered without sample bias provides an experimental value of both the total and secondary ion sputtering yields. The first and second monolayers can be readily identified and the first monolayer exhibits a lower sputtering yield and higher secondary ion fraction. This result is related to adsorption theory and measured values are compared with those obtained by thermal desorption measurements.

Krauss, A R; Gruen, D M

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Genomics of secondary metabolism in Populus: Interactions with biotic and abiotic environments  

SciTech Connect

Populus trees face constant challenges from the environment during their life cycle. To ensure their survival and reproduction, Populus trees deploy various types of defenses, one of which is the production of a myriad of secondary metabolites. Compounds derived from the shikimate-phenylpropanoid pathway are the most abundant class of secondary metabolites synthesized in Populus. Among other major classes of secondary metabolites in Populus are terpenoids and fatty acid-derivatives. Some of the secondary metabolites made by Populus trees have been functionally characterized. Some others have been associated with certain biological/ecological processes, such as defense against insects and microbial pathogens or acclimation or adaptation to abiotic stresses. Functions of many Populus secondary metabolites remain unclear. The advent of various novel genomic tools will enable us to explore in greater detail the complexity of secondary metabolism in Populus. Detailed data mining of the Populus genome sequence can unveil candidate genes of secondary metabolism. Metabolomic analysis will continue to identify new metabolites synthesized in Populus. Integrated genomics that combines various omics tools will prove to be the most powerful approach in revealing the molecular and biochemical basis underlying the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites in Populus. Characterization of the biological/ecological functions of secondary metabolites as well as their biosynthesis will provide knowledge and tools for genetically engineering the production of seconday metabolites that can lead to the generation of novel, improved Populus varieties.

Chen, Feng [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Liu, Chang-Jun [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); Tschaplinski, Timothy J [ORNL; Zhao, Nan [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

An overview of the geology and secondary mineralogy of the high...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1987 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for An overview of the geology and secondary mineralogy of the high temperature...

331

Yes, But Will They Let Us Blind: The Feasibility of Secondary Units in the East Bay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

setback  requirements  for  secondary  units;  does  not  does  not  comply  with  current  parking  requirements,  does  not   need  to  come  into   conformance  with  parking   requirement.  

Nemirow, Alison; Chapple, Karen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Secondary organic aerosol from ozone-initiated reactions with terpene-rich household products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analysis of competition between aerosol particle removal andof secondary organic aerosol. Part I: ?-pinene/ozone system.data when measuring ambient aerosol. Aerosol Science and

Coleman, Beverly K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Composition, sources, and formation of secondary organic aerosols from urban emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

organonitrate functional groups in aerosol particles200 5.1v aerosol Chapter 3 Meteorological conditions during theSecondary organic aerosol formation from fossil fuel sources

Liu, Shang; Liu, Shang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Secondary Organic Aerosol Formation From Radical-Initiated Reactions of Alkenes: Development of Mechanisms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Secondary Organic Aerosols in Southern California duringSources of Organic Carbon Aerosols in the Free Troposphere21 co-authors), 2005. Organic Aerosol and Global Climate

Matsunaga, Aiko

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Identifying and bridging the gaps of ICT integration in primary and secondary education in Indonesia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to explore gaps of ICT integration in Indonesian education in primary and secondary schools in Indonesia. The gaps of… (more)

Mutohar, Agus

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

"Medium-tech" industries may be of greater importance to a local economy than "High-tech" firms: New methods for measuring the knowledge base of an economic system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we offer a way to measure the knowledge base of an economy in terms of probabilistic entropy. This measure, we hypothesize, is an indication of the extent to which a system, including the economic system, self-organizes. In a self-organizing system, interactions between dimensions or subsystems will unintentionally give rise to anticipations that are properly aligned. The potential reduction of uncertainty can be measured as negative entropy in the mutual information among three (or more) dimensions. For a knowledge-based economy, three dimensions can be considered as key: the distribution of firm sizes, the geographical locations, and the technological classifications of firms. Based on statistics of these three dimensions and drawing on a unique dataset of all Dutch firms registered with the Chambers of Commerce, we are able to refine well-known empirical findings for the geographical dimension. Counter-intuitive, however, are our empirical findings for the dimension of technology. Knowledge d...

Dolfsma, Wilfred

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Agency Bureau Primary Activity Code Secondary Activity Code  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ENCLOSURE 1 ENCLOSURE 1 Agency Bureau Primary Activity Code Secondary Activity Code Additional Activity Code Description of Activity Competed Type of Competition Location (State) # of FTE in study # of Bids Received Start Date (Day/Mo/Yr) End Date (Day/Mo/Yr) Expected Phase-In Completion Date (Day/Mo/Yr) Actual Phase- In Completion Date (Day/Mo/Yr) Source Selection Strategy Used Winning Provider FY 2006 Costs Total Cost All Years Estimated Savings Period of Est. Savings (Performance Period--in years) Annualized Savings Actual Savings (if available) Saving Methodology: Calculation / Proxy Quantifiable Description of Improvements in Service or Performance (if appropriate) 0 0 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0 0 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0 0 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.628 FY 2007 FIXED COSTS*

338

Sources of secondary radionuclide releases from Hanford Operations  

SciTech Connect

This report considers Hanford facilities and operations with the potential to be secondary radionuclide release sources. Facilities that produced radionuclides or processed products of fission reactions and were not covered in previous source term reports are included in this report. The following facilities are described and any potentially significant releases from them are estimated: PUREX (1956--1972, 1983--1988) and REDOX (1952--1967)--campaigns with non-standard feed material (materials other than fuel from single-pass reactors); C PLANT (Hot Semi-Works)--pilot plant and strontium recovery; Z Plant--plutonium finishing; U and UO{sub 3} Plants--uranium recovery; 108 B Plant--tritium extraction; 300 Area Plutonium Recycle Test Reactor (PRTR); 300 Area Low Power Test Reactors; Criticality Accidents; and 400 Area Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF). The method of analysis was to examine each facility, give a brief description of its purpose and operations, and describe the types of material the facility processed as an indication of the radionuclides it had the potential to release. Where possible, specific radionuclides are estimated and values from the original documents are reported.

Heeb, C.M.; Gydesen, S.P.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Designer carbons as potential anodes for lithium secondary batteries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Carbons are the material of choice for lithium secondary battery anodes. Our objective is to use designed synthesis to produce a carbon with a predictable structure. The approach is to pyrolyze aromatic hydrocarbons within a pillared clay. Results from laser desorption mass spectrometry, scanning tunneling microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and small angle neutron scattering suggest that we have prepared disordered, porous sheets of carbon, free of heteroatoms. One of the first demonstrations of template-directed carbon formation was reported by Tomita and co-workers, where polyacrylonitrile was carbonized at 700{degrees}C yielding thin films with relatively low surface areas. More recently, Schwarz has prepared composites using polyfurfuryl alcohol and pillared clays. In the study reported here, aromatic hydrocarbons and polymers which do not contain heteroatoms are being investigated. The alumina pillars in the clay should act as acid sites to promote condensation similar to the Scholl reaction. In addition, these precursors should readily undergo thermal polymerization, such as is observed in the carbonization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

Winans, R.E.; Carrado, K.A.; Thiyagarajan, P. [and others

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Pyrolysis of secondary raw material from used frying oils  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A totally green chemistry alternative that would lead both to energy production from renewable feedstocks and to solutions of parts of ecological problems related to waste disposals would be very attractive. Pyrolysis of used frying oils seems to be one option for this attractive alternative as we propose to demonstrate in this study. Since 2002, the whole production of waste edible oils (around 100 000 tons per year in France) must be collected and transformed into secondary raw material by specific companies. The general aim of the present work is to produce one of the following target sources of energy: (i) H2 for fuel cells, (ii) H2/CO in satisfactory ratios to produce biodiesel by Fischer-Tropsch (FT) reaction, or (iii) hydrocarbon mixtures with high added value. Therefore, in this work, the conversion of a crude used frying oil, named VEGETAMIXOIL^(r); from Ecogras Company (France), was investigated (weight composition: C 73.6%; O 9.7%; H 12.2%). In support of our knowledge related to fatty acids and me...

Billaud, Francis; Coniglio, Lucie

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "firm secondary nominations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Characterization of secondary phases in modified vertical bridgman growth czt  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CdZnTe or 'CZT' crystals are highly suitable for use as a room temperature based spectrometer for the detection and characterization of gamma radiation. Over the last decade, the methods for growing high quality CZT have improved the quality of the produced crystals however there are material features that can influence the performance of these materials as radiation detectors. For example, various structural heterogeneities within the CZT crystals, such as twinning, pipes, grain boundaries (polycrystallinity), and secondary phases (SP) can have a negative impact on the detector performance. In this study, a CZT material was grown by the modified vertical Bridgman growth (MVB) method with zone leveled growth without excess Te in the melt. Visual observations of material from the growth of this material revealed significant voids and SP. Three samples from this material was analyzed using various analytical techniques to evaluate its electrical properties, purity and detector performance as radiation spectrometers and to determine the morphology, dimension and elemental/structural composition of one of the SP in this material. This material was found to have a high resistivity but poor radiation spectrometer performance. It had SP that were rich in polycrystalline aluminum oxide (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}), metallic Te and polycrystalline CdZnTe and 15 to 50 {micro}m in diameter. Bulk elemental analyses of sister material from elsewhere in the boule did not contain high levels of Al so there is considerable elemental impurity heterogeneity within the boule from this growth.

Duff, Martine

2009-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

342

CHARACTERIZATION OF SECONDARY PHASES AND OTHER DEFECTS IN CDZNTE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Semiconducting CdZnTe or 'CZT' crystals are very suitable for use as a room temperature-based gamma radiation spectrometer. During the last decade, modifications in growth methods for CZT have significantly improved the quality of the produced crystals however there are material features that can influence the performance of these materials as radiation detectors. For example, various structural heterogeneities within the CZT crystals, such as, pipes, voids, polycrystallinity, and secondary phases (SP) can have a negative impact on the detector performance. In this study, a CZT material was grown by the modified vertical Bridgman growth (MVB) method with zone leveled growth in the absence of excess Te in the melt. Numerous SP were imaged using transmission IR at a volume % of 0.002. Samples from this material were analyzed using various analytical techniques to evaluate its electrical properties, purity and detector performance as radiation spectrometers and to determine the morphology, dimension and elemental /structural composition of one of the SP in this material. This material was found to have a high resistivity and good radiation spectrometer performance. It had SPs that were rich in calcium (Ca), carbon (C) and oxygen (O) (possibly CaCO{sub 3}) or only C and O that were 5 {micro}m or less in diameter.

Duff, M.

2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

343

Dry low NOx combustion system with pre-mixed direct-injection secondary fuel nozzle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A combustion system includes a first combustion chamber and a second combustion chamber. The second combustion chamber is positioned downstream of the first combustion chamber. The combustion system also includes a pre-mixed, direct-injection secondary fuel nozzle. The pre-mixed, direct-injection secondary fuel nozzle extends through the first combustion chamber into the second combustion chamber.

Zuo, Baifang; Johnson, Thomas; Ziminsky, Willy; Khan, Abdul

2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

344

Post-Secondary Curricula for Next-Generation Biofuels Released November 22, 20111 Request for Proposals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Post-Secondary Curricula for Next-Generation Biofuels Released November 22, 20111 Request for Proposals Post-Secondary Curricula for Next-Generation Biofuels PROPOSAL SUBMISSION DEADLINE: February 6 for curricula development in the area(s) of `next-generation' biofuels (e.g. new or emerging technologies

Farritor, Shane

345

Bridging ICT and CS: educational standards for computer science in lower secondary education  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, the importance of computer science education in secondary schools has been coming more and more into focus. Students' interests and motivation to pursue a career in CS related fields are highly influenced by school. Also beliefs in the nature ... Keywords: CS ed research, K-12, didactics of informatics, educational standards, gender, pedagogy, secondary CS education

Torsten Brinda; Hermann Puhlmann; Carsten Schulte

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

On the Role of Primary and Secondary Assets in Adaptive Security: An Application in Smart Grids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the Role of Primary and Secondary Assets in Adaptive Security: An Application in Smart Grids scenarios in the customer domain of a smart grid. We suggest that modeling secondary assets aids the design of monitoring functions. Keywords-Adaptive security; Smart grid; Assets; Adaptive software I

347

Eubank Field, Kansas: a formation evaluation and secondary recovery project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Basal Chester sand, an oil reservoir pertaining to the last stage of the Mississippian, is located some 3,000 ft below the Permian reservoir of the Hugoton Gas Field (Kansas). Anadarko Petroleum Corporation (Anadarko) has acquired significant acreage in Haskell County (Kansas), a part of the Eubank Field. The Basal Chester sand in the Eubank Field as deposited in a paleovalley system that was incised in the Sainte Genevieve and Saint Louis limestones. Anadarko plans to develop a secondary recovery project in the Eubank Field, and this thesis was proposed to evaluate the Chester in terms of reservoir and fluids properties. The purpose of this thesis is to provide recommendations to implement a waterflood project at Eubank Field. All of the wells in this field have well logs, five wells were cored, and a 26 square-mile, 3-D seismic survey was performed in 1995. I have summarized all of the data available to date-well logs, production data, core data, PVT data, pressure transient tests, wellborn sketches-and organized these data into an electronic database. My focus in this work is twofold: well log interpretation and analysis of the oil production data-flow rates mostly, since very few pressure data are available. The log analysis follows Holditch's guidelines and Schlumberger's textbooks. I also present a well log-derived permeability profile for most welts, where this permeability profile is used to guide the development of my overall reservoir description. To perform production data analysis, I use the decline type curve analysis method. This approach allows a quick estimate at current conditions of the oil-in-place, drainage area, as well as the permeability of the formation and requires formation and fluid properties as input. I have evaluated all existing data for 43 production wells.

Dexheimer, Dominique

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Comments on “Convectively Generated Potential Vorticity in Rainbands and Formation of the Secondary Eyewall in Hurricane Rita of 2005”  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a previous paper Judt and Chen propose that secondary eyewall formation can be the result of the accumulation of convectively generated potential vorticity in the rainbands. They argue that secondary potential vorticity maxima precede the ...

Wesley Terwey; Sergio F. Abarca; Michael T. Montgomery

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Interconnecting PV on New York City's Secondary Network Distribution System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has teamed with cities across the country through the Solar America Cities (SAC) partnership program to help reduce barriers and accelerate implementation of solar energy. The New York City SAC team is a partnership between the City University of New York (CUNY), the New York City Mayor s Office of Long-term Planning and Sustainability, and the New York City Economic Development Corporation (NYCEDC).The New York City SAC team is working with DOE s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Con Edison, the local utility, to develop a roadmap for photovoltaic (PV) installations in the five boroughs. The city set a goal to increase its installed PV capacity from1.1 MW in 2005 to 8.1 MW by 2015 (the maximum allowed in 2005). A key barrier to reaching this goal, however, is the complexity of the interconnection process with the local utility. Unique challenges are associated with connecting distributed PV systems to secondary network distribution systems (simplified to ���¢��������networks���¢������� in this report). Although most areas of the country use simpler radial distribution systems to distribute electricity, larger metropolitan areas like New York City typically use networks to increase reliability in large load centers. Unlike the radial distribution system, where each customer receives power through a single line, a network uses a grid of interconnected lines to deliver power to each customer through several parallel circuits and sources. This redundancy improves reliability, but it also requires more complicated coordination and protection schemes that can be disrupted by energy exported from distributed PV systems. Currently, Con Edison studies each potential PV system in New York City to evaluate the system s impact on the network, but this is time consuming for utility engineers and may delay the customer s project or add cost for larger installations. City leaders would like to streamline this process to facilitate faster, simpler, and less expensive distributed PV system interconnections. To assess ways to improve the interconnection process, NREL conducted a four-part study with support from DOE. The NREL team then compiled the final reports from each study into this report. In Section 1���¢��������PV Deployment Analysis for New York City���¢��������we analyze the technical potential for rooftop PV systems in the city. This analysis evaluates potential PV power production in ten Con Edison networks of various locations and building densities (ranging from high density apartments to lower density single family homes). Next, we compare the potential power production to network loads to determine where and when PV generation is most likely to exceed network load and disrupt network protection schemes. The results of this analysis may assist Con Edison in evaluating future PV interconnection applications and in planning future network protection system upgrades. This analysis may also assist other utilities interconnecting PV systems to networks by defining a method for assessing the technical potential of PV in the network and its impact on network loads. Section 2���¢��������A Briefing for Policy Makers on Connecting PV to a Network Grid���¢��������presents an overview intended for nontechnical stakeholders. This section describes the issues associated with interconnecting PV systems to networks, along with possible solutions. Section 3���¢��������Technical Review of Concerns and Solutions to PV Interconnection in New Y

K. Anderson; M. Coddington; K. Burman; S. Hayter; B. Kroposki; and A. Watson

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

350

The Governing Dynamics of the Secondary Eyewall Formation of Typhoon Sinlaku (2008)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Through successful convection-permitting simulations of Typhoon Sinlaku (2008) using a high-resolution non-hydrostatic model, this study examines the role of peripheral convection in the storm's secondary eyewall formation (SEF) and its eyewall ...

Y. Qiang Sun; Yuxin Jiang; Benkui Tan; Fuqing Zhang

351

Unstable Interactions between a Hurricane’s Primary Eyewall and a Secondary Ring of Enhanced Vorticity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intense tropical cyclones often exhibit concentric eyewall patterns in their radar reflectivity. Deep convection within the inner, or primary, eyewall is surrounded by a nearly echo-free moat, which in turn is surrounded by an outer, or secondary ...

James P. Kossin; Wayne H. Schubert; Michael T. Montgomery

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Standard Test Method for Calibration of Non-Concentrator Photovoltaic Secondary Reference Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 This test method covers calibration and characterization of secondary terrestrial photovoltaic reference cells to a desired reference spectral irradiance distribution. The recommended physical requirements for these reference cells are described in Specification E1040. Reference cells are principally used in the determination of the electrical performance of a photovoltaic device. 1.2 Secondary reference cells are calibrated indoors using simulated sunlight or outdoors in natural sunlight by reference to a primary reference cell previously calibrated to the same desired reference spectral irradiance distribution. 1.3 Secondary reference cells calibrated according to this test method will have the same radiometric traceability as the of the primary reference cell used for the calibration. Therefore, if the primary reference cell is traceable to the World Radiometric Reference (WRR, see Test Method E816), the resulting secondary reference cell will also be traceable to the WRR. 1.4 This test method appli...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Stereoconvergent Amine-Directed Alkyl–Alkyl Suzuki Reactions of Unactivated Secondary Alkyl Chlorides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new family of stereoconvergent cross-couplings of unactivated secondary alkyl electrophiles has been developed, specifically, arylamine-directed alkyl–alkyl Suzuki reactions. This represents the first such investigation ...

Lu, Zhe

354

MEASUREMENT OF THE SECONDARY EMISSION YIELD OF A THIN DIAMOND WINDOW IN TRANSMISSION MODE.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The secondary emission enhanced photoinjector (SEEP) is a promising new approach to the generation of high-current, high-brightness electron beams. A low current primary electron beam with energy of a few thousand electron-volts strikes a specially prepared diamond window which emits secondary electrons with a current two orders of magnitude higher. The secondary electrons are created at the back side of the diamond and drift through the window under the influence of a strong electrical field. A hydrogen termination at the exit surface of the window creates a negative electron affinity (NEA) which allows the electrons to leave the diamond. An experiment was performed to measure the secondary electron yield and other properties. The results are discussed in this paper.

CHANG, X.; RAO, T.; SMEDLEY, J.; ET AL.

2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

355

Diabatically Induced Secondary Flows in Tropical Cyclones. Part II: Periodic Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The linearized equation for the time-varying, axially symmetric circumferential component of the vorticity in a hurricane-like vortex closely resembles the classical Sawyer–Eliassen equation for the quasi-steady, diabatically induced secondary-...

Hugh E. Willoughby

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

The Roles of an Expanding Wind Field and Inertial Stability in Tropical Cyclone Secondary Eyewall Formation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Weather and Research and Forecasting Model (WRF) is used to simulate secondary eyewall formation (SEF) in a tropical cyclone (TC) on the ? plane. The simulated SEF process is accompanied by an outward expansion of kinetic energy and the TC ...

Christopher M. Rozoff; David S. Nolan; James P. Kossin; Fuqing Zhang; Juan Fang

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

RNA Folding with Soft Constraints: Reconciliation of Probing Data and Thermodynamic Secondary Structure Prediction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermodynamic folding algorithms and structure probing experiments are commonly used to determine the secondary structure of RNAs. Here we propose a formal framework to reconcile information from both prediction algorithms ...

Mag Washietl, Stefan

358

Investigation of the correlation between odd oxygen and secondary organic aerosol in Mexico City and Houston  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many recent models underpredict secondary organic aerosol (SOA) particulate matter (PM) concentrations in polluted regions, indicating serious deficiencies in the models' chemical mechanisms and/or missing SOA precursors. ...

Wood, E. C.

359

Evaluation and Categorization of Secondary System Layup and Cleanup Practices for PWR Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To determine ways to minimize corrosion-product transport to the secondary side of PWR steam generators, layup and post-shutdown cleanup practices now in use or proposed by utilities with operating PWR plants were examined. The results show that about 30% of the plants attempt routine layup of secondary systems during plant outages and about 60% attempt system cleanup before and during startup.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Fermilab | Employee Advisory Group | Nomination Form  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Phone Book Fermilab at Work Search Search Go Skip over navigation to main content EAG Home About the EAG EAG Members Questions and Answers Suggestions and Questions Focus Group...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "firm secondary nominations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

2001 SUR Nomination (partial) 5. PROJECT DESCRIPTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. In particular, we believe there are significant potential applications to oil and gas exploration. The approach to the development of sedimentary basins, and the assessment of their oil and gas resources. The modelling team part of a much larger Oil and Gas Research and Development initiative in the Atlantic Provinces

Beaumont, Christopher

362

FY 2011 DOE Accomplishments and Award Nominations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Directed Stockpile Work organization, Applied Technology, Property Management, Sustainability and Stewardship, and Waste Management. TEM work processes have been well...

363

Real and Nominal Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

crude oil price (represented by the average price paid by U.S. refiners for foreign crude oil) in 2000 is estimated by EIA at 27.86 per barrel. By comparison, the peak annual...

364

Extensions of Nominal Terms Dominic Phillip Mulligan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

media nazionale. A.A. 1999/2000 ANNO SOLARE 1998 Ingegneria 1^ fascia 2^ fascia Ricercatori Assistenti.491 2,1 Incidenza MI-Poli 11,8% 11,1% 9,2% 4,3% 0,0% 10,5% 11,3% 20,2% A.A. 1999/2000 ANNO SOLARE 1998

Trinder, Phil

365

VALIDATION OF NOMINATIONS IN GAS NETWORK OPTIMIZATION ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimierung in der Energiewirtschaft, 2157:115–125, 2011. [46] J. Králik. Compressor Stations in SIMONE. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop.

366

Secondary porosity in immature Late Cretaceous and Tertiary sandstones, northeast Alaska and northwest Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Petrographic and scanning electron microscope analysis of Upper Cretaceous to lower Eocene sandstone from outcrops west of the Mackenzie delta and in the central Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) reveals secondary porosity. Recognizing this secondary porosity is important for oil and gas exploration because early diagenesis has eliminated most primary porosity in these immature litharenites. The litharenites are dominated by grains of quartz, cherty argillite, chert, volcanic rock fragments, variable amounts of feldspar, and minor amounts of metamorphic rock fragments. Because of the abundance of ductile grains all deep burial (probable burial to depths in excess of 3,000 m), these sandstones have suffered the loss of most primary porosity. Additional reduction of primary porosity has occurred due to the formation of minor amount of precompaction rim cement (carbonate, chlorite, and illite/smectite) and syncompaction quartz overgrowths. Dissolution of framework grains and, to a lesser degree, matrix has resulted in secondary porosities of up to 8% in outcrop samples. Framework grains commonly dissolved include volcanic rock fragments, feldspar, chert, cherty argillite, argillite, and quartz. Two processes are responsible for the dissolution. The first process is the direct dissolution of grains. The second process involves two steps in which grains and matrix are initially replaced by carbonate cement followed by dissolution of the cement and creation of secondary porosity. Secondary porosity is reported to exceed 20% in subsurface samples in northwest Canada.

Myers, M.D. (Univ. of Alaska, Fairbanks (USA)); Smith, T.N. (State Div. of Oil and Gas, Anchorage, AK (USA))

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Secondary and compound concentrators for parabolic-dish solar-thermal power systems  

SciTech Connect

A secondary optical element may be added to a parabolic dish solar concentrator to increase the geometric concentration ratio attainable at a given intercept factor. This secondary may be a Fresnel lens or a mirror, such as a compound elliptic concentrator or a hyperbolic trumpet. At a fixed intercept factor, higher overall geometric concentration may be obtainable with a long focal length primary and a suitable secondary matched to it. Use of a secondary to increase the geometric concentration ratio is more likely to be worthwhile if the receiver temperature is high and if errors in the primary are large. Folding the optical path with a secondary may reduce cost by locating the receiver and power conversion equipment closer to the ground and by eliminating the heavy structure needed to support this equipment at the primary focus. Promising folded-path configurations include the Ritchey-Chretien and perhaps some three-element geometries. Folding the optical path may be most useful in systems that provide process heat.

Jaffe, L.D.; Poon, P.T.

1981-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

368

An overview of the geology and secondary mineralogy of the high temperature  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

An overview of the geology and secondary mineralogy of the high temperature An overview of the geology and secondary mineralogy of the high temperature geothermal system in Dixie Valley, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: An overview of the geology and secondary mineralogy of the high temperature geothermal system in Dixie Valley, Nevada Abstract Lithologic units encountered in the Dixie Valleygeothermalfield range from Triassic marine sediments toRecent basin-filling sediments. Structural features affectingthe location of the geothermal activity include Mesozoicthrusting. late Tertiary normal faulting andQuaternary to Recent normal faulting. The hydrothermalmineral suite is variable, due in part to rock-gasreactions. Author A. F. Waibel Published Journal Geothermal Resources Council Transactions, 1987

369

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Secondary Use of Vehicle Batteries in Power Systems - Omer Onar, ORNL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

/2012 1 /2012 1 National Academy of Engineering - BMED December 2008 www.oe.energy.gov U.S. Department of Energy - 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 Secondary Use of Vehicle Batteries in Power Systems December 2008 Secondary Use of Vehicle Batteries in Power Systems Objective Life-cycle Funding Summary FY12 FY13 300k ?k Technical Scope The objective is this project is to carry out a collaborative effort among ORNL, original equipment manufacturers (OEM)s, and other partners to develop a cogent and informed view of the economic and technological value of secondary use of EV batteries in grid support. CES is one of the highlighted synergistic applications with a high value to cost relationship. Specific grid services related to CES (community energy storage) is

370

File:Large Construction Site Notice for Secondary Operators.pdf | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Secondary Operators.pdf Secondary Operators.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:Large Construction Site Notice for Secondary Operators.pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 883 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 17:04, 10 April 2013 Thumbnail for version as of 17:04, 10 April 2013 1,275 × 1,650 (883 KB) Alevine (Talk | contribs) You cannot overwrite this file. Edit this file using an external application (See the setup instructions for more information) File usage There are no pages that link to this file. Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital

371

Secondary standards (non-activation) for neutron data measurements above 20 MeV  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In addition to H(n,p) scattering and {sup 235,238}U(n,f) reactions, secondary standards for neutron flux determination may be useful for neutron energies above 20 MeV. For experiments where gamma rays are detected, reference gamma-ray production cross sections are relevant. For neutron-induced charged particle production, standard (n,p) and (n,alpha) cross sections would be helpful. Total cross section standards would serve to check the accuracy of these measurements. These secondary standards are desirable because they can be used with the same detector systems employed in measuring the quantities of interest. Uncertainties due to detector efficiency, geometrical effects, timing and length of flight paths can therefore be significantly reduced. Several secondary standards that do not depend on activation techniques are proposed. 14 refs.

Haight, R.C.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Self-powered automatic secondary air controllers for woodstoves and small furnaces  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A controller for automatically regulating the supply of secondary combustion air to woodstoves and small furnaces. The controller includes a movable air valve for controlling the amount of secondary air admitted into the chamber. A self powered means monitors the concentration of combustible gases and vapors and actuates the movable air valve to increase the supply of secondary air in response to increasing concentrations of the combustible gases and vapors. The self-powered means can be two fluid filled sensor bulbs, one of which has a coating of a combustion catalyst. Alternatively, the self powered means can be two metallic stripes laminated together, one of which is coated with a combustion catalyst, and when heated, causes the air valve to actuate.

Siemer, Darryl D. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

ACCRETION BY THE SECONDARY IN ETA CARINAE DURING THE SPECTROSCOPIC EVENT: I. FLOW PARAMETERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the influence of the gravity of the companion (the secondary) to the massive primary star ? Carinae on the winds blown by the primary and the secondary. The two winds collide with each other after passing through two respective shock waves, and escape the system while strongly emitting in the X-ray band. While during most of the 5.5 years orbital period, the companion’s gravity has a negligible effect on the winds, we find that near periastron, the companion’s gravity may significantly influence the flow and the companion might accrete from the primary’s wind under certain circumstances. Near periastron passage, the collision region of the two winds may collapse onto the secondary star, a process that could substantially reduce the X-ray luminosity. We suggest that such an accretion process produces the long, almost flat, X-ray minimum in ? Carinae.

Noam Soker

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Evaluation and categorization of secondary system layup and cleanup practices for PWR plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Program S113-1, Evaluation of Secondary System Layup and Cleanup Proctices was established to study ways to minimize the transport of corrosion products into the secondary side PWR steam generators that occurs during plant startups following extended outages. As part of the EPRI Program, Task 200 objective was to identify and categorize the layup and cleanup practices now in use or proposed by utilities for PWR plants. The task study consisted of gathering information by conducting site visits to fourteen representative PWR plants in the USA, Europe and Japan, by conducting a search of the open literature, reviews of related EPRI Programs, and by evaluating the practices in terms of their potential effectiveness. The results show that about 30% of the plants attempt routine layup of secondary systems during outages and about 60% perform some form of system cleanup during the return to power following extended outages.

Cleary, W.F.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Review of Potential Candidate Stabilization Technologies for Liquid and Solid Secondary Waste Streams  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has initiated a waste form testing program to support the long-term durability evaluation of a waste form for secondary wastes generated from the treatment and immobilization of Hanford radioactive tank wastes. The purpose of the work discussed in this report is to identify candidate stabilization technologies and getters that have the potential to successfully treat the secondary waste stream liquid effluent, mainly from off-gas scrubbers and spent solids, produced by the Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). Down-selection to the most promising stabilization processes/waste forms is needed to support the design of a solidification treatment unit (STU) to be added to the Effluent Treatment Facility (ETF). To support key decision processes, an initial screening of the secondary liquid waste forms must be completed by February 2010.

Pierce, Eric M.; Mattigod, Shas V.; Westsik, Joseph H.; Serne, R. Jeffrey; Icenhower, Jonathan P.; Scheele, Randall D.; Um, Wooyong; Qafoku, Nikolla

2010-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

376

Stable-Isotope Studies Of Rocks And Secondary Minerals In A Vapor-Dominated  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stable-Isotope Studies Of Rocks And Secondary Minerals In A Vapor-Dominated Stable-Isotope Studies Of Rocks And Secondary Minerals In A Vapor-Dominated Hydrothermal System At The Geysers, Sonoma County, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Stable-Isotope Studies Of Rocks And Secondary Minerals In A Vapor-Dominated Hydrothermal System At The Geysers, Sonoma County, California Details Activities (5) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The Geysers, a vapor-dominated hydrothermal system, is developed in host rock of the Franciscan Formation, which contains veins of quartz and calcite whose Δ18O values record the temperatures and isotopic compositions of fluids prevailing during at least two different episodes of rock-fluid interaction. The first episode took place at about 200°C, during which marine silica and carbonate apparently interacted with ocean

377

FIRM PRODUCTIVITY AND SUNK COSTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The main objective of this paper is to explore whether or not sunk costs are systematically related to productivity di¤erences at the …rm level, as suggested by models of industry dynamics (Hopenhayn, 1992).The comparisons of productivity distributions for groups of …rms with di¤erent levels of sunk costs are performed by non-parametric procedures and for a large scale …rm-level panel data set of Spanish manufacturing …rms. We …nd that sunk costs are an important source of heterogeneity across …rm productivity. The evidence we …nd is consistent with models of industry dynamics predicting lower productivity for …rms with a higher level of sunk costs.

Jose C. Farińas; Sonia Ruano

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Communication in an "Officeless firm"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at locations remote from one another and typically make heavy use of ICTs such as e-mail, telephone and an intranet to facilitate communication and collaboration (Cramton, 2002, Lipnake and Stamps, 2000). 3 Distributed work can take a number of forms... . It seems reasonable that the issue of trust is much easier to handle in a small team like Puma. Michael agreed that they shared a high level of trust when working together: “[trust] is quite possible for a company our size. I don't think if we were much...

Burchell, Brendan J.; Lai, Yi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Secondary Waste Form Down-Selection Data Package—Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming Waste Form  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Site in southeast Washington State has 56 million gallons of radioactive and chemically hazardous wastes stored in 177 underground tanks (ORP 2010). The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of River Protection (ORP), through its contractors, is constructing the Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) to convert the radioactive and hazardous wastes into stable glass waste forms for disposal. Within the WTP, the pretreatment facility will receive the retrieved waste from the tank farms and separate it into two treated process streams. These waste streams will be vitrified, and the resulting waste canisters will be sent to offsite (high-level waste [HLW]) and onsite (immobilized low-activity waste [ILAW]) repositories. As part of the pretreatment and ILAW processing, liquid secondary wastes will be generated that will be transferred to the Effluent Treatment Facility (ETF) on the Hanford Site for further treatment. These liquid secondary wastes will be converted to stable solid waste forms that will be disposed of in the Integrated Disposal Facility (IDF). To support the selection of a waste form for the liquid secondary wastes from WTP, Washington River Protection Solutions (WRPS) has initiated secondary waste form testing work at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). In anticipation of a down-selection process for a waste form for the Solidification Treatment Unit to be added to the ETF, PNNL is developing data packages to support that down-selection. The objective of the data packages is to identify, evaluate, and summarize the existing information on the four waste forms being considered for stabilizing and solidifying the liquid secondary wastes. At the Hanford Site, the FBSR process is being evaluated as a supplemental technology for treating and immobilizing Hanford LAW radioactive tank waste and for treating secondary wastes from the WTP pretreatment and LAW vitrification processes.

Qafoku, Nikolla; Westsik, Joseph H.; Strachan, Denis M.; Valenta, Michelle M.; Pires, Richard P.

2011-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

380

The significance of post-secondary education in Newfoundland : a comparison between the provincial government's white paper on public post-secondary education (2005) and rural women enrolled in liberal arts undergraduate degrees.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis examines the significance of post-secondary education for rural Newfoundland women studying liberal arts degrees, and the fit of these experiences and perspectives with… (more)

Bourgeois, Monique F. (Monique Frances)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "firm secondary nominations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

DuraLith Alkali-Aluminosilicate Geopolymer Waste Form Testing for Hanford Secondary Waste  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of the work reported here was to develop additional information regarding the DuraLith alkali aluminosilicate geopolymer as a waste form for liquid secondary waste to support selection of a final waste form for the Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant secondary liquid wastes to be disposed in the Integrated Disposal Facility on the Hanford Site. Testing focused on optimizing waste loading, improving waste form performance, and evaluating the robustness of the waste form with respect to waste variability.

Gong, W. L.; Lutz, Werner; Pegg, Ian L.

2011-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

382

Comparison of Secondary Principals’ Use of Data Systems to IncreaseStudent Achievement in Mathematics as Measured by Standardized Assessments.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The pressure to meet the demands of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act coupled with poor results by secondary students on national assessments in mathematics… (more)

Williams, Joshua

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Microsatellite diversity and genetic structure among common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) landraces in Brazil, a secondary center of diversity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PAPER Microsatellite diversity and genetic structure amonga secondary center of diversity Marília Lobo Burle · Jaimestudy assessed the genetic diversity and the structure of a

Burle, Marília Lobo; Fonseca, Jaime Roberto; Kami, James A.; Gepts, Paul

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Practicals in science education: a study of the theoretical bases, rationale and implementation of practicals in junior secondary science education.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study explores the issues involved in the theoretical bases, rationale and implementation of practical work in junior secondary science programs. The part that practical… (more)

Bradley, Duncan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

The Impact of Secondary Flow Systems on Air Pollution in the Area of Săo Paulo  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The area between the Atlantic Ocean and Săo Paulo is highly polluted due to high emission rates at Cubatăo, a city situated 15 km inland at a steep slope. It was expected that secondary circulations would develop caused by the land–sea contrast ...

I. Bischoff-Gauß; N. Kalthoff; F. Fiedler

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Software Note: Using probe secondary structure information to enhance Affymetrix GeneChip background estimates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-density short oligonucleotide microarrays are a primary research tool for assessing global gene expression. Background noise on microarrays comprises a significant portion of the measured raw data. A number of statistical techniques have been developed ... Keywords: Background correction, DNA microarray, Probe secondary structure

Raad Z. Gharaibeh; Anthony A. Fodor; Cynthia J. Gibas

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Forced oil-water displacement and spontaneous countercurrent imbibition are the crucial mechanisms of secondary oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Forced oil-water displacement and spontaneous countercurrent imbibition are the crucial mechanisms of secondary oil recovery. Classical mathematical models of both these unsteady flows are based on the fundamental assumption of local phase equilibrium. Thus, the water and oil flows are locally redistributed

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

388

Self-powered automatic secondary air controllers for woodstoves and small furnaces  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to the regulation of combustion in woodstoves, small furnaces and the like, so as to produce efficient combustion, while maximizing the possible heat output and minimizing air pollution. More specifically, the invention relates to controllers for automatically regulating and the supply of secondary combustion air to woodstoves, small furnaces or the like. 9 figs.

Siemer, D.D.

1989-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

389

Rossby Wave-Induced Secondary Flows near Barriers, with Application to the Hawaiian Ridge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We restudy the reflection of baroclinic Rossby waves from a nonzontal barrier. We add lateral friction to an earlier study by Mysak and Magaard to obtain a more realistic secondary flow near the barrier. Contrary to the earlier study, we not only ...

Im Sang Oh; Lorenz Magaard

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

The influence of HVAC systems on secondary organic aerosol formation Michael S. Waring1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The influence of HVAC systems on secondary organic aerosol formation Michael S. Waring1 , Jeffrey A, ventilation, and air- conditioning (HVAC) system. This study models the influence of HVAC systems on SOA. The most influential HVAC parameters are the flow rates, particle filtration, and indoor temperature

Siegel, Jeffrey

391

On the periodic variations of secondary cosmic rays and the geomagnetic Pc4 pulsations in BMAr  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the periodic variations of secondary cosmic rays and the geomagnetic Pc4 pulsations in BMAr I. M are accompanied by the geomagnetic Pc4 pulsations and have similar periodicity. The phenomenon was observed over of geomagnetic ®eld were observed simultaneously with apparent peri- odicity in the count rates of charged

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

392

Stability, Power Sharing, & Distributed Secondary Control in Droop-Controlled Microgrids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stability, Power Sharing, & Distributed Secondary Control in Droop-Controlled Microgrids John W, Denmark Email: qsh@et.aau.dk Abstract--Motivated by the recent and growing interest in microgrids, we study the operation of droop-controlled DC/AC inverters in an islanded microgrid. We present a necessary

Bullo, Francesco

393

Optical Properties of Mixed Black Carbon, Inorganic and Secondary Organic Aerosols  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Summarizes the achievements of the project, which are divided into four areas: 1) Optical properties of secondary organic aerosols; 2) Development and of a polar nephelometer to measure aerosol optical properties and theoretical approaches to several optical analysis problems, 3) Studies on the accuracy of measurements of absorbing carbon by several methods, and 4) Environmental impacts of biodiesel.

Paulson, S E

2012-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

394

Design and analysis of an electronic ballast with a secondary DC output  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An electronic ballast circuit for a high-frequency operated fluorescent lamp, which uses switched-capacitor techniques, is presented in this paper. A part of energy in the electronic ballast is derived to a secondary DC output as a power supply. All ... Keywords: DC power supply, electronic ballast, energy recovery, resonant converter

K. W. E. Cheng; H. Y. Wang; D. K. W. Cheng

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Secondary materials: Engineering properties, environmental consequences, and social and economic impacts. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report investigates two secondary materials, plastic lumber made from mixed plastic waste, and cement blocks and structures made with incinerator ash. Engineering properties, environmental impacts, and energy costs and savings of these secondary materials are compared to standard lumber products and cement blocks. Market capacity and social acceptance of plastic lumber and stabilized ash products are analyzed. These secondary materials apparently have potential markets; however, their economic value is primarily that they will not take up landfill space. For plastic lumber and stabilized incinerator ash products, marine and highway construction seem ideal public works applications. Incinerator ash may be suitable to use in seawalls, jetties, fishing reefs, highway barriers, and roadbed applications. Docks, piers, highway sound barriers, parking stops, and park furniture may all be made from plastic lumber. To encourage public acceptance and improve the market potential of secondary materials, these activities could be beneficial: industry should emphasize developing useful, long-lived products; industry and governments should create product performance criteria; government should provide rigorous testing and demonstration programs; and government and industry should cooperate to improve public outreach and educational programs.

Breslin, V.; Reaven, S.; Schwartz, M.; Swanson, L.; Zweig, M.; Bortman, M.; Schubel, J.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Is a schools' performance related to technical change? - A study on the relationship between innovations and secondary school productivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the relation between innovations and productivity in Dutch secondary schools. Innovation clusters are directly included in the production model. In order to correct for differences between schools, we add school type, region and year ... Keywords: Educational innovations, Productivity, Secondary education, Technology

Carla Haelermans; Jos L. T. Blank

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Further Results on Distributed Secondary Control in Microgrids Hedi Bouattour, John W. Simpson-Porco, Florian Dorfler, and Francesco Bullo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Further Results on Distributed Secondary Control in Microgrids Hedi Bouattour, John W. Simpson for primary droop control and secondary control in inductive microgrids. Building on our recent work, we study the problem of set point design in primary-controlled microgrids, and provide a choice of droop coefficients

Bullo, Francesco

398

A preliminary categorization of end-of-life electrical and electronic equipment as secondary metal resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Highlights: > End-of-life electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) as secondary metal resources. > The content and the total amount of metals in specific equipment are both important. > We categorized 21 EEE types from contents and total amounts of various metals. > Important equipment types as secondary resources were listed for each metal kind. > Collectability and possible collection systems of various EEE types were discussed. - Abstract: End-of-life electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) has recently received attention as a secondary source of metals. This study examined characteristics of end-of-life EEE as secondary metal resources to consider efficient collection and metal recovery systems according to the specific metals and types of EEE. We constructed an analogy between natural resource development and metal recovery from end-of-life EEE and found that metal content and total annual amount of metal contained in each type of end-of-life EEE should be considered in secondary resource development, as well as the collectability of the end-of-life products. We then categorized 21 EEE types into five groups and discussed their potential as secondary metal resources. Refrigerators, washing machines, air conditioners, and CRT TVs were evaluated as the most important sources of common metals, and personal computers, mobile phones, and video games were evaluated as the most important sources of precious metals. Several types of small digital equipment were also identified as important sources of precious metals; however, mid-size information and communication technology (ICT) equipment (e.g., printers and fax machines) and audio/video equipment were shown to be more important as a source of a variety of less common metals. The physical collectability of each type of EEE was roughly characterized by unit size and number of end-of-life products generated annually. Current collection systems in Japan were examined and potentially appropriate collection methods were suggested for equipment types that currently have no specific collection systems in Japan, particularly for video games, notebook computers, and mid-size ICT and audio/video equipment.

Oguchi, Masahiro, E-mail: oguchi.masahiro@nies.go.jp [Research Center for Material Cycles and Waste Management, National Institute for Environmental Studies, 16-2, Onogawa, Tsukuba 305-8506 (Japan); Murakami, Shinsuke [School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Sakanakura, Hirofumi; Kida, Akiko [Research Center for Material Cycles and Waste Management, National Institute for Environmental Studies, 16-2, Onogawa, Tsukuba 305-8506 (Japan); Kameya, Takashi [Graduate School of Environment and Information Science, Yokohama National University, 79-7 Tokiwadai, Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama 240-8501 (Japan)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

399

90.1 Prototype Building Models Secondary School | Building Energy Codes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Secondary School Secondary School The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007 and 90.1-2010. This combination leads to a set of 816 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 6.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the

400

z'-BAND GROUND-BASED DETECTION OF THE SECONDARY ECLIPSE OF WASP-19b  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the ground-based detection of the secondary eclipse of the transiting exoplanet WASP-19b. The observations were made in the Sloan z' band using the ULTRACAM triple-beam CCD camera mounted on the New Technology Telescope. The measurement shows a 0.088% {+-} 0.019% eclipse depth, matching previous predictions based on H- and K-band measurements. We discuss in detail our approach to the removal of errors arising due to systematics in the data set, in addition to fitting a model transit to our data. This fit returns an eclipse center, T{sub 0}, of 2455578.7676 HJD, consistent with a circular orbit. Our measurement of the secondary eclipse depth is also compared to model atmospheres of WASP-19b and is found to be consistent with previous measurements at longer wavelengths for the model atmospheres we investigated.

Burton, J. R.; Watson, C. A.; Pollacco, D. [Astrophysics Research Centre, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN (United Kingdom); Littlefair, S. P.; Dhillon, V. S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S3 7RH (United Kingdom); Gibson, N. P. [Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Marsh, T. R., E-mail: jburton04@qub.ac.uk [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "firm secondary nominations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Treatment option evaluation for liquid effluent secondary streams on the Hanford Site  

SciTech Connect

This study, conducted by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC), examines the range of secondary waste types and volumes likely to result from treatment of contaminated liquid effluents. Alternatives for treatment of these effluents were considered, taking into account the implementation of the ''best-available technology'' as assumed in current and ongoing engineering studies for treating the various liquid effluent waste streams. These treatment alternatives, and potential variations in the operating schedules for Hanford Site facilities generating contaminated liquid effluents, were evaluated to project an estimated range for the volume of each of the various secondary waste streams that are likely to be generated. The conclusions and recommendations were developed, based on these estimates. 23 refs., 34 figs., 16 tabs.

Holter, G.M.; Triplett, M.B.; Fow, C.L.; White, M.K.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Study of the secondary neutral radiation in proton therapy: Toward an indirect in vivo dosimetry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Secondary particles produced in the collision of protons with beam modifiers are of concern in proton therapy. Nevertheless, secondary radiation can provide information on the dosimetric parameters through its dependency on the modulating accessories (range shifter and range modulating wheel). Relatively little data have been reported in the literature for low-energy proton beams. The present study aims at characterizing the neutron and photon secondary radiation at the low-energy proton therapy facility of the Centre Antoine Lacassagne (CAL), and studying their correlation to the dosimetric parameters to explore possible practical uses of secondary radiation in the treatment quality for proton therapy. Methods: The Monte Carlo code MCNPX was used to simulate the proton therapy facility at CAL. Neutron and photon fluence, {Phi}, and ambient dose equivalent per proton dose, H*(10)/D, were determined across the horizontal main plane spanning the whole treatment room. H*(10)/D was also calculated at two positions of the treatment room where dosimetric measurements were performed for validation of the Monte Carlo calculations. Calculations and measurements were extended to 100 clinical spread-out Bragg Peaks (SOBPs) covering the whole range of therapeutic dose rates (D/MU) employed at CAL. In addition, the values of D and MU were also calculated for each SOBP and the results analyzed to study the relationship between secondary radiation and dosimetric parameters. Results: The largest production of the secondary particles takes place at the modulating devices and the brass collimators located along the optical bench. Along the beam line and off the beam axis to 2.5 m away, H*(10)/D values ranged from 5.4 {mu}Sv/Gy to 5.3 mSv/Gy for neutrons, and were 1 order of magnitude lower for photons. H*(10)/D varied greatly with the distance and angle to the beam axis. A variation of a factor of 5 was found for the different range of modulations (SOBPs). The ratios between calculations and measurements were 2.3 and 0.5 for neutrons and photons, respectively, and remained constant for all the range of SOBPs studied, which provided validation for the Monte Carlo calculations. H*(10)/D values were found to correlate to the proton dose rate D/MU with a power fit, both for neutrons and photons. This result was exploited to implement a system to obtain D/MU values from the measurement of the integrated photon ambient dose equivalent H*(10) during treatment, which provides a method to control the dosimetric parameters D/MU and D. Conclusions: The treatment room at CAL is moderately polluted by secondary particles. The constant ratio between measurements and calculations for all SOBPs showed that simulations correctly predict the dosimetric parameters and the dependence of the production of secondary particles on the modulation. The correlation between H*(10)/D and D/MU is a useful tool for quality control and is currently used at CAL. This system works as an indirect in vivo dosimetry method, which is so far not feasible in proton therapy. This tool requires very simple instrumentation and can be implemented from the measurement of either photons or neutrons.

Carnicer, A.; Letellier, V.; Rucka, G.; Angellier, G.; Sauerwein, W.; Herault, J. [Centre Antoine Lacassagne, Cyclotron Biomedical, 227 Avenue de la Lanterne, 06200 Nice (France); Institut Curie, Centre de Protontherapie, Campus Universitaire d'Orsay, Batiment 101, 91898 Orsay Cedex (France); Hopital de la Croix Rouge, Centre de radiotherapie St Louis, Rue Andre Blondel, 83100 Toulon (France); Centre Antoine Lacassagne, Cyclotron Biomedical, 227 Avenue de la Lanterne, 06200 Nice (France); Universitaet Duisburg-Essen, Universitaetsklinikum Essen, Strahlenklinik, 45122 Essen (Germany); Centre Antoine Lacassagne, Cyclotron Biomedical, 227 Avenue de la Lanterne, 06200 Nice (France)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

403

Effects of S/V on secondary phase formation on waste glasses  

SciTech Connect

Simulated West Valley high-level nuclear waste glass, WV205, was leached with and without buffered media in both deuterated and ordinary water at glass surface area to solution volumes (S/N) of 200--6000 m{sup {minus}1}. Examination of the glass surface after testing for 14 days indicated that the S/V-induced pH change plays a dominant role in the development of the altered surface layer and the secondary phases formed. The changes due to SN-induced pH determine the rate of surface layer formation, the element distribution in the surface layer, and possibly, the identities of the secondary phases. Changes due to SN-induced elemental concentration also influence glass reaction rate in terms of the layer thickness and the elemental distribution in the surface layers.

Feng, X.; Buck, E.C.; Bates, J.K.; Gong, M.; Dietz, N.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Pegg, I.L. [Catholic Univ. of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Big secondary-recovery waterflood plans are taking shape in Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The history of Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX) can be identified with 3 important years: 1938, 1951, and 1976. The year 1938 marked the beginning of the company, following expropriation of the petroleum industry. In 1951, the first secondary recovery project in Mexico was started, i.e., water injection into the limestone of the Poza Rica field. The third date marks the effort and importance of petroleum projects such as waterflooding that have come into their own since 1976. From a program of 300,000 bpd of water injection in that year, increases by PEMEX have pushed the rate to more than 1,120,000 bpd as of Jun 1980. Waterflooding has recovered approximately 318,000,000 bbl total for a large profit estimated at more than $2.4 billion. By the end of 1982, secondary recovery programs will bring the injection rate to approximately 4.7 million bpd.

Matheny, S.L. Jr.

1980-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

405

Mechanisms of Formation of Secondary Organic Aerosols and Implications for Global Radiative Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Organic material constitutes about 50% of global atmospheric aerosol mass, and the dominant source of organic aerosol is the oxidation of volatile hydrocarbons, to produce secondary organic aerosol (SOA). Understanding the formation of SOA is crucial to predicting present and future climate effects of atmospheric aerosols. The goal of this program is to significantly increase our understanding of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation in the atmosphere. Ambient measurements indicate that the amount of SOA in the atmosphere exceeds that predicted in current models based on existing laboratory chamber data. This would suggest that either the SOA yields measured in laboratory chambers are understated or that all major organic precursors have not been identified. In this research program we are systematically exploring these possibilities.

John H. Seinfeld

2011-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

406

Secondary Containment System component failure data analysis from 1984 to 1991  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report gives the failure rates for the major tritium containing glovebox systems that comprise the Secondary Containment System at the Tritium systems Test Assembly, which is a fusion research and technology facility at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. The component failure reports, the numbers of components, and operating times or demands are all given in this report, and sample calculations of the binomial demand failure rates and poisson hourly failure rates are given in the appendices. The failure rates for these components form a solid data point based on actual operating experience, where there is very little published information. The eight years of nearly continuous Secondary Containment System operations should result in steady state failure rate values. These data should be useful for future fusion reactor design work and safety assessment tasks.

Cadwallader, L.C. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)); Sanchez, D.P. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Steam Generator Management Program: Investigation of Steam Generator Secondary-Side Degradation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document reviews and discusses age-related degradation that has occurred in the carbon steel internal components in the steam drums of Westinghouse steam generators (SGs), especially in original and early replacement SGs. The degradation is characterized by gradual thinning (loss of material) that is generally localized in the components as a result of exposure to high-velocity steam-water mixtures. Material loss from internal components has been noted during secondary-side visual inspections of ori...

2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

408

Steam Generator Management Program: PWR Primary-to-Secondary Leak Guidelines Revision 4  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Primary-to-secondary leakage of steam generator tubes in PWRs can result from mechanisms that propagate slowly or rapidly. Control room operators rely on online data for a rapid assessment of tube leakage conditions to ensure that the plant is maneuvered safely and to minimize the risk of tube rupture. Industry experts prepared and reviewed these revised guidelines to incorporate recent industry operating experience and technology improvements and to review the technical bases for action levels. This rep...

2011-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

409

Proceedings: Steam Generator Management Program 2012 Steam Generator Secondary Side Management Conference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains the work presented at the EPRI Steam Generator Management Program (SGMP) 2012 Steam Generator Secondary Side Management Conference. Over eighty attendees, representing both domestic and international utilities, vendors, and academia, participated in the conference. It included twenty-one papers on current issues, research and utility experiences involving corrosion product generation and transport, deposit control and mitigation, deposit consolidation and removal, and short- and ...

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

410

PWR Steam Generator Secondary-Side IGA/SCC: Correlations with Deposit Lead and Phosphate History  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report covers an investigation into possible correlations between steam generator deposit lead concentrations and rates of intergranular attack/stress corrosion cracking (IGA/SCC). It also considers the relationship between prior phosphate injection and the rate of IGA/SCC. Prompting the study is recent identification by analytical transmission electron microscopy (ATEM) of large concentrations of lead in oxides in secondary-side cracks in tube samples from steam generators where significant involve...

2005-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

411

2011 Interim Review of the Pressurized Water Reactor Secondary Water Chemistry Guidelines -- Revision 7  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI periodically updates its PWR water chemistry guidelines as new information becomes available and as required by NEI 97-06 (Steam Generator Program Guidelines) and NEI 03-08 (Guideline for the Management of Materials Issues). An industry review committee meeting in September 2011 determined that a revision of the 2009 version of EPRI's Pressurized Water Reactor Secondary Water Chemistry Guidelines is not warranted at this time, nor is interim guidance required.

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

412

2012 Interim Review of the Pressurized Water Reactor Secondary Water Chemistry Guideline Revision 7  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) periodically updates its Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) water chemistry guidelines as new information becomes available and as required by Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI) 97-06 (Steam Generator Program Guidelines) and NEI 03-08 (Guideline for the Management of Materials Issues). An industry review committee meeting in September 2012 determined that a revision of the 2009 version of EPRI’s Pressurized Water Reactor Secondary ...

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

413

2013 Interim Review of the Pressurized Water Reactor Secondary Water Chemistry Guideline Revision 7  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As required by Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI) 97-06 (Steam Generator Program Guidelines) and NEI 03-08 (Guideline for the Management of Materials Issues), the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) periodically updates its Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) water chemistry guidelines when new information becomes available. An industry review committee meeting in June 2013 determined that a revision of the 2009 version of EPRI’s Pressurized Water Reactor Secondary Water ...

2013-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

414

Project W-320 Heel Jet Secondary Catch Mechanism lateral load test  

SciTech Connect

This test procedure establishes the requirements for performing a lateral load test of the Heel Jet Secondary Catch Mechanism (SCM). Successful performance of this test will demonstrate that the SCM is capable of performing as designed when subjected to a force applied normal to the longitudinal axis of the mechanism. This test procedure is prepared following the recommended format and content guidelines for test procedures as prescribed in WHC-IP-1026, Engineering Practice Guidelines, Appendix K, Test Plans, Specifications, Procedures and Reports.

Bellomy, J.R.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Evaluation of Secondary-System Layup and Cleanup Practices and Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study of PWR secondary-system layup and cleanup practices was undertaken to evaluate current and proposed methods of corrosion-product control associated with extended plant outages. The report describes a field survey of 14 representative PWR plants, an extensive literature search, and an evaluation of corrosion-product transport data. Recommendations for layup and cleanup processes are presented, along with system design information.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Predicting the Risk of Secondary Lung Malignancies Associated With Whole-Breast Radiation Therapy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: The risk of secondary lung malignancy (SLM) is a significant concern for women treated with whole-breast radiation therapy after breast-conserving surgery for early-stage breast cancer. In this study, a biologically based secondary malignancy model was used to quantify the risk of secondary lung malignancies (SLMs) associated with several common methods of delivering whole-breast radiation therapy (RT). Methods and Materials: Both supine and prone computed tomography simulations of 15 women with early breast cancer were used to generate standard fractionated and hypofractionated whole-breast RT treatment plans for each patient. Dose-volume histograms (DVHs) of the ipsilateral breast and lung were calculated for each patient on each plan. A model of spontaneous and radiation-induced carcinogenesis was used to determine the relative risks of SLMs for the different treatment techniques. Results: A higher risk of SLMs was predicted for supine breast irradiation when compared with prone breast irradiation for both the standard fractionation and hypofractionation schedules (relative risk [RR] = 2.59, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 2.30-2.88, and RR = 2.68, 95% CI = 2.39-2.98, respectively). No difference in risk of SLMs was noted between standard fractionation and hypofractionation schedules in either the supine position (RR = 1.05, 95% CI = 0.97-1.14) or the prone position (RR = 1.01, 95% CI = 0.88-1.15). Conclusions: Compared with supine whole-breast irradiation, prone breast irradiation is associated with a significantly lower predicted risk of secondary lung malignancy. In this modeling study, fractionation schedule did not have an impact on the risk of SLMs in women treated with whole-breast RT for early breast cancer.

Ng, John, E-mail: jon9024@nyp.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY (United States); Shuryak, Igor [Center for Radiological Research, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY (United States); Xu Yanguang; Clifford Chao, K.S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY (United States); Brenner, David J. [Center for Radiological Research, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY (United States); Burri, Ryan J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

417

C60 Secondary Ion Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry  

SciTech Connect

Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) has seen increased application for high spatial chemical imaging of complex biological surfaces. The advent and commercial availability of cluster and polyatomic primary ion sources (e.g. Au and Bi cluster and buckminsterfullerene (C60)) provide improved secondary ion yield and decreased fragmentation of surface species, thus accessibility to intact molecular ions. Despite developments in primary ion sources, development of mass spectrometers to fully exploit their advantages has been limited. Tandem mass spectrometry for identification of secondary ions is highly desirable, but implementation has proven to be difficult. Similarly, high mass resolution and high mass measurement accuracy would greatly improve the chemical specificity of SIMS. Here we combine, for the first time, the advantages of a C60 primary ion source with the ultra-high mass resolving power and high mass measurement accuracy of Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry. Mass resolving power in excess of 100,000 (m/?m50%) is demonstrated, with mass measurement accuracies below 3 parts-per-million. Imaging of mouse brain tissue at 40 ?m pixel size is shown. Tandem mass spectrometry of ions from biological tissue is demonstrated and molecular formulae can be assigned to fragment ions.

Smith, Donald F.; Robinson, Errol W.; Tolmachev, Aleksey V.; Heeren, Ronald M.; Pasa-Tolic, Ljiljana

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

418

Radionuclide Retention Mechanisms in Secondary Waste-Form Testing: Phase II  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the results from laboratory tests performed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for Washington River Protection Solutions (WRPS) to evaluate candidate stabilization technologies that have the potential to successfully treat liquid secondary waste stream effluents produced by the Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). WRPS is considering the design and construction of a Solidification Treatment Unit (STU) for the Effluent Treatment Facility (ETF) at Hanford. The ETF, a multi-waste, treatment-and-storage unit that has been permitted under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), can accept dangerous, low-level, and mixed wastewaters for treatment. The STU needs to be operational by 2018 to receive secondary liquid waste generated during operation of the WTP. The STU will provide the additional capacity needed for ETF to process the increased volume of secondary waste expected to be produced by WTP. This report on radionuclide retention mechanisms describes the testing and characterization results that improve understanding of radionuclide retention mechanisms, especially for pertechnetate, {sup 99}TcO{sub 4}{sup -} in four different waste forms: Cast Stone, DuraLith alkali aluminosilicate geopolymer, encapsulated fluidized bed steam reforming (FBSR) product, and Ceramicrete phosphate bonded ceramic. These data and results will be used to fill existing data gaps on the candidate technologies to support a decision-making process that will identify a subset of the candidate waste forms that are most promising and should undergo further performance testing.

Um, Wooyong; Valenta, Michelle M.; Chung, Chul-Woo; Yang, Jungseok; Engelhard, Mark H.; Serne, R. Jeffrey; Parker, Kent E.; Wang, Guohui; Cantrell, Kirk J.; Westsik, Joseph H.

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

419

Performance and cost benefits associated with nonimaging secondary concentrators used in point-focus dish solar thermal applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Using nonimaging secondary concentrators in point-focus applications may permit the development of more cost-effective concentrator systems by either improving performance or reducing costs. Secondaries may also increase design flexibility. The major objective of this study was to develop as complete an understanding as possible of the quantitative performance and cost effects associated with deploying nonimaging secondary concentrators at the focal zone of point-focus solar thermal concentrators. A performance model was developed that uses a Monte Carlo ray-trace procedure to determine the focal plane distribution of a paraboloidal primary as a function of optical parameters. It then calculates the corresponding optimized concentration and thermal efficiency as a function of temperature with and without the secondary. To examine the potential cost benefits associated with secondaries, a preliminary model for the rational optimization of performance versus cost trade-offs was developed. This model suggests a possible 10% to 20% reduction in the cost of delivered energy when secondaries are used. This is a lower limit, and the benefits may even be greater if using a secondary permits the development of inexpensive primary technologies for which the performance would not otherwise be viable. 20 refs., 15 figs., 3 tabs.

O'Gallagher, J.; Winston, R.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

A comparative post-secondary follow-up study of students served through general education and through special education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study examines the preparation during high school and post-secondary outcomes of students with disabilities. High school preparation consists of activities in which students participated during high school. Post-secondary outcomes relate to the current status of students following high school graduation in relation to the four major outcomes areas: (a) post-secondary education, (b) employment, (c) independent living, and (d) recreation and leisure. The target population included all students graduating from one school district in a mid-sized city in Texas. A stratified random sample of 228 students both with and without disabilities was selected. Post-secondary follow-up surveys, consisting of one survey administered prior to graduation and one survey administered six-months following graduation, were given to the participants. The response rate for the initial exit survey was 82.9% while the response rate for a post-school survey was 61.4%. Differences between groups were analyzed using loglinear analyses based upon educational setting, disability category, gender, ethnicity, and socio-economic status. In addition, a sub-study was completed to determine the level of agreement among students and teachers on a post-secondary readiness skill inventory. The findings indicated that differences among groups did exist in terms of both high school preparation and post-secondary outcomes. In terms of high school preparation, the participation among various groups produced few results that were significantly different. Statistically significant results occurred only with respect to extracurricular activity participation by educational setting and socio-economic status. Post-secondary outcome results produced more statistically significant findings than high school preparation. The variable of educational setting produced statistically significant post-secondary outcomes in the three areas of employment, post-secondary education, and recreation and leisure. Ethnicity was the next largest determinant to influence post-secondary outcomes, and statistically significant results were found for both post-secondary education and independent living. Socio-economic status produced statistically significant results for employment outcomes. The variable of gender produced no results that reached statistical significance. The last findings provided an analysis of the agreement between students and teachers in terms of a post-secondary readiness skill inventory. Overall students and teachers demonstrated a high level of congruency in which similar responses were indicated within 95% of the items.

Diehm, Kendra Lea Williams

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "firm secondary nominations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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421

On the Use of Doppler Radar–Derived Wind Fields to Diagnose the Secondary Circulations of Tornadoes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of studies in recent years have used wind fields derived from portable Doppler radars in combination with the ground-based velocity track display (GBVTD) technique to diagnose the primary (tangential) and secondary (radial and vertical) ...

David S. Nolan

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Development of Forest Structure and Leaf Area in Secondary Forests Regenerating on Abandoned Pastures in Central Amazônia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The area of secondary forest (SF) regenerating from pastures is increasing in the Amazon basin; however, the return of forest and canopy structure following abandonment is not well understood. This study examined the development of leaf area ...

Ted R. Feldpausch; Susan J. Riha; Erick C. M. Fernandes; Elisa V. Wandelli

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

On the Use of Two-Dimensional Incompressible Flow to Study Secondary Eyewall Formation in Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous studies have offered hypotheses for the mechanisms that lead to secondary eyewall formation in tropical cyclones by using two-dimensional incompressible flow. Those studies represented the convection-induced vorticity field as either ...

Yumin Moon; David S. Nolan; Mohamed Iskandarani

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Nickel-catalyzed asymmetric cross-couplings of secondary allylic chlorides and planar-chiral compounds in asymmetric synthesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Part I, nickel-catalyzed asymmetric carbon-carbon bond-forming reactions are described. A nickel/Pybox system effectively catalyzes regio- and enantioselective cross-couplings between racemic secondary allylic chlorides ...

Son, Sunghee

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Convectively Generated Potential Vorticity in Rainbands and Formation of the Secondary Eyewall in Hurricane Rita of 2005  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Eyewall replacements in mature tropical cyclones usually cause intensity fluctuations. One reason for eyewall replacements remaining a forecasting challenge is the lack of understanding of how secondary eyewalls form. This study uses high-...

Falko Judt; Shuyi S. Chen

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Joint Optimization on Secondary-User Selection and Power Allocation in Cooperative Cognitive Radio Network with Limited Feedback.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis investigates spectrum-sharing strategies in overlay cognitive radio networks. Under this framework, secondary user(SU) serves as a relay to assist transmission of primary user(PU),… (more)

Yao, Yi-Wei

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Mass yields of secondary organic aerosols from the oxidation of alpha-pinene and real plant emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biogenic volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are a significant source of global secondary organic aerosol (SOA); however, quantifying their aerosol forming potential remains a challenge. This study presents smog chamber ...

Kroll, Jesse

428

INFLUENCE OF TEMPERATURE ON THE CORROSION POTENTIAL OF THE 241-AN-102 MULTI PROBE CORROSION MONITORING SYSTEM SECONDARY REFERENCE ELECTRODES  

SciTech Connect

A test program using 241-AN-102 waste simulants and metallic secondary reference electrodes similar to those used on the 241-AN-102 MPCMS was performed to characterize the relationship between temperature and secondary reference electrode open-circuit corrosion potential. This program showed that the secondary reference electrodes can be used to make tank and tank steel corrosion potential measurements, but that a correction factor of approximately 2 mV per degree Celsius of temperature difference must be applied, where temperature difference is defined as the difference between tank temperature at the time of measurement and 30 C, the average tank temperature during the first several months of 241-AN-102 MPCMS operation (when the corrosion potentials of the secondary reference electrodes were being recorded relative to the primary reference electrodes).

EDGEMON GL; TAYLOR TM

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

429

The characterization of secondary electron emitters for use in large area photo-detectors.  

SciTech Connect

The Large-Area Picosecond Photo-Detector Project is focused on the development of large-area systems to measure the time-of-arrival of relativistic particles with, ultimately, 1 pico-second resolution, and for signals typical of Positron-Emission Tomography (PET), a resolution of about 30 pico-seconds. Our contribution to this project is to help with identification and efficient fabrication of novel electron emitting materials with properties optimized for use in such detectors. We have assembled several techniques into a single ultra-high vacuum apparatus in order to enable characterization of both photocathode and secondary electron emission (SEE) materials. This apparatus will examine how photocathode quantum efficiency and SEE material electron yield correlate to surface chemical composition, state, and band structure. The techniques employed in this undertaking are X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) for surface chemical composition, ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) for the determination of band structure and surface work function, as well surface cleaning techniques such as argon-ion sputtering. To determine secondary electron emission yields and quantum efficiencies of detector materials, we use electron optics from a low energy electron diffraction (LEED) system whose set of hemispherical electrodes allows for efficient collection of secondary and photo electrons. As we gain a stronger insight into the details of mechanisms of electron emission from photocathodes and SEE materials, we will be able to lay a foundation for the larger collaborative effort to design the next generation of large-area photo-detectors. We present our preliminary results on the SEE materials from our as-yet completed characterization system.

Jokela, S. J.; Veryovkin, I. V.; Zinovev, A. V.; Frisch, H. J.; Elam, J. W.; Peng, Q.; Mane, A. U. (Energy Systems); ( MSD); (Univ. of Chicago)

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Nuclear-fission studies with relativistic secondary beams: analysis of fission channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear fission of several neutron-deficient actinides and pre-actinides from excitation energies around 11 MeV was studied at GSI Darmstadt by use of relativistic secondary beams. The characteristics of multimodal fission of nuclei around 226Th are systematically investigated and interpreted as the superposition of three fission channels. Properties of these fission channels have been determined for 15 systems. A global view on the properties of fission channels including previous results is presented. The positions of the asymmetric fission channels are found to be constant in element number over the whole range of systems investigated.

C. Boeckstiegel; S. Steinhaeuser; K. -H. Schmidt; H. -G. Clerc; A. Grewe; A. Heinz; M. de Jong; A. R. Junghans; J. Mueller; B. Voss

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

431

Corrosion resistant positive electrode for high-temperature, secondary electrochemical cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The corrosion rate of low carbon steel within a positive electrode of a high-temperature, secondary electrochemical cell that includes FeS as active material is substantially reduced by incorporating therein finely divided iron powder in stoichiometric excess to the amount required to form FeS in the fully charged electrode. The cell typically includes an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal as negative electrode active material and a molten metal halide salt as electrolyte. The excess iron permits use of inexpensive carbon steel alloys that are substantially free of the costly corrosion resistant elements chromium, nickel and molybdenum while avoiding shorten cell life resulting from high corrosion rates.

Otto, N.C.; Warner, B.T.; Smaga, J.A.; Battles, J.E.

1982-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

432

Effect of Humidity on the Composition of Isoprene Photooxidation Secondary Organic Aerosol  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of relative humidity (RH) on the composition and concentrations of gas-phase products and secondary organic aerosol (SOA) generated from the photooxidation of isoprene under high-NOx conditions was investigated. The yields of most gas-phase products were the same regardless of initial water vapor concentration with exception of hydroxyacetone and glycolaldehyde, which were considerably affected by RH. A significant change was observed in the SOA composition, with many unique condensed-phase products formed under humid (90% RH) vs. dry (<2% RH) conditions, without any observable effect on the rate and extent of the SOA mass growth.

Nguyen, Tran B.; Roach, Patrick J.; Laskin, Julia; Laskin, Alexander; Nizkorodov, Serguei

2011-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

433

Corrosion resistant positive electrode for high-temperature, secondary electrochemical cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The corrosion rate of low carbon steel within a positive electrode of a high-temperature, secondary electrochemical cell that includes FeS as active material is substantially reduced by incorporating therein finely divided iron powder in stoichiometric excess to the amount required to form FeS in the fully charged electrode. The cell typically includes an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal as negative electrode active material and a molten metal halide salt as electrolyte. The excess iron permits use of inexpensive carbon steel alloys that are substantially free of the costly corrosion resistant elements chromium, nickel and molybdenum while avoiding shorten cell life resulting from high corrosion rates.

Otto, Neil C. (Chicago, IL); Warner, Barry T. (South Holland, IL); Smaga, John A. (Lemont, IL); Battles, James E. (Oak Forest, IL)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Energy flows in a secondary city: a case study of Nakuru, Kenya  

SciTech Connect

Secondary cities are currently seen as an important focus for promoting a more spatially-equitable pattern of economic infrastructure in developing countries, but their energy needs have not been considered. To test the thesis of this work - that the present pattern of energy demand in secondary cities differs, in important ways, from that of primary cities - a case study was conducted in the East African city of Nakuru, Kenya. Energy supplies used in Nakuru fall into two categories: industrial sources (electricity and petroleum) and traditional sources (wood, charcoal, and agricultural residues). This analysis of Nakuru's use of industrial sources is introduced by a historical discussion of nationwide patterns of distribution, use, and pricing of electricity and petroleum products, and is followed by data gathered from Nakuru's suppliers of these energy sources. The portrait of energy use in Nakuru is completed with an analysis of the demand for traditional energy sources. Surveys were conducted to estimate the total quantities of charcoal, wood, and agricultural resides used in Nakuru. The cornerstone of this effort was a residential energy survey stratified according to income. Nakuru is shown to rely on biomass fuels (charcoal) to a much greater degree than Nairobi, thereby proving the thesis.

Milukas, M.V.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Secondary system modeling and method for a nuclear power plant training simulator. [PWR  

SciTech Connect

Disclosed is a method and system for the real-time simulation of the dynamic operation of a nuclear power plant in which a secondary system for operating the steam turbine includes reheaters for increasing the steam temperature and pressure between the low and high pressure turbine stages, an electrohydraulic controller for operating the turbine at required speed, a condenser for condensing turbine exhaust steam, a condensate and feedwater system for pumping condensed steam back to the secondary side of a steam generator, a gland steam system for preventing leakage from and to the atmosphere, and a cooling system for the main generator, utilizes apparatus that includes a digital computer for calculating output data corresponding to physical values for the operation of the plant in accordance with input data. A control console includes automatic and manually operable devices corresponding to plant control devices for varying the input data, and indicating devices responsive to the output data for monitoring the operation of the plant. 40 claims, 45 figures.

Johnson, S.J.

1977-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

436

Secondary porosity and hydrocarbon reservoirs in Lower-Middle Miocene Sandstones, southern San Joaquin basin, California  

SciTech Connect

Immature lower to middle Miocene marine sandstones constitute important reservoir rocks in many southern San Joaquin basin oil fields. Surface samples from the east and west margins of the basin and subsurface samples from Round Mountain, Belridge, and Coalinga fields were examined. These localities have undergone recurrent uplift since middle Tertiary time and maximum burial probably did not exceed 2500-3000 m. Diagenetic features common to east- and west-side sandstones include phosphatization, early calcite cementation, pressure solution and replacement of silicate grains by calcite cement, framework grain dissolution and creation of secondary porosity, and replacement of biotite and hornblende by chlorite. Differences include recrystallization and dolomitization of early calcite on the west side, and massive carbonate dissolution followed by extensive crushing and pressure solution of silicate grains and late replacement of plagioclase by calcite and calcite by hematite on the east side. Replacement of biotite by chlorite occurred only in the deepest samples on either side of the basin. Basinwide differences in diagenesis reflect different tectonic evolutions between east and west sides of the basin. Local variations in diagenetic patterns are pronounced in all areas and are controlled by initial sediment composition. For example, in one core from Coalinga early calcite cement, recrystallized calcite cement, and dolomitized calcite cement are interbedded over the 60-m interval sampled. Hydrocarbons in all samples reside mainly in secondary pores created by cement and framework-grain dissolution, underscoring the importance of diagenesis in creating reservoirs in this basin.

Horton, R.A. Jr.; Menzie, R.J. Jr.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

The relationship between selected characteristics and attitudes of Texas secondary horticulture students and teachers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to ascertain teacher and program characteristics that influence students' attitudes about horticulture education and to determine if a relationship existed between: selected characteristics and attitudes of Texas secondary students and teachers. The students and teachers were administered a survey to assess relationships between their attitudes and selected characteristics. The analysis of data revealed many relationships existed between the attitudes and selected characteristics. The more experience the teacher had teaching horticulture, the more the students liked the horticulture subject matter. The more work experience the teacher had in horticulture, the more positive the students felt toward their class. Those teachers with more horticulture teaching experience indicated they liked teaching horticulture more than those teachers with fewer years of experience teaching horticulture. Those students not involved in the FFA generally had an overall lower attitude score. The female students liked the subject matter horticulture more than the male students. Those students with outside projects had more positive attitudes toward the scales, Technical Horticulture, Class Experience, and Teacher Impression. Efforts should be made to prepare new teachers to teach horticulture through pre-service and in-service programs. Teachers should coordinate efforts with county extension agents to involve horticulture students in 4-H. Overall, the teachers surveyed felt horticulture should be taught in secondary schools and the students had a positive attitude toward the horticulture class.

Selvage, Kimberly Anne

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Instability, collapse, and oscillation of sheaths caused by secondary electron emission  

SciTech Connect

The Debye sheath is shown to be unstable under general conditions. For surface materials with sufficient secondary electron emission (SEE) yields, the surface's current-voltage characteristic has an unstable branch when the bulk plasma temperature (T{sub e}) exceeds a critical value, or when there are fast electron populations present. The plasma-surface interaction becomes dynamic where the sheath may undergo spontaneous transitions or oscillations. Using particle-in-cell simulations, we analyze sheath instabilities occurring in a high T{sub e} plasma slab bounded by walls with SEE. As the plasma evolves, whenever the sheath enters an unstable state, its amplitude rapidly collapses, allowing a large flux of previously trapped electrons to hit the wall. These hot electrons induce more than one secondary on average, causing a net loss of electrons from the wall. The sheath collapse quenches when the surface charge becomes positive because the attractive field inhibits further electrons from escaping. Sheath instabilities influence the current balance, energy loss, cross-B-field transport and even the bulk plasma properties. Implications for discharges including Hall thrusters are discussed. More generally, the results show that common theories that treat emission as a fixed (time-independent) 'coefficient' do not capture the full extent of SEE effects.

Campanell, M. D.; Khrabrov, A. V.; Kaganovich, I. D. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

439

Secondary Protection for 70 MPa Fueling - A White Paper from the Hydrogen Safety Panel  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In developing a 70 megapascal (MPa) fueling infrastructure, it is critical to ensure that a vehicle equipped with a lower service pressure fuel tank is never filled from a 70 MPa fueling source. Filling of a lower service pressure vehicle at a 70 MPa fueling source is likely to result in a catastrophic event with severe injuries or fatalities. The Hydrogen Safety Panel recommends that DOE undertake a two?step process to address this issue: 1. Perform an independent risk analysis of a 70MPa dispenser filling a lower pressure vehicle tank and develop different approaches for prevention and mitigation to meet an acceptable level of safety. Cost effectiveness, reliability, advantages and disadvantages are among the factors that should be evaluated for each approach considered. 2. Until such time as this analysis is complete and any recommended actions implemented, communicate the potential risk to responsible parties and strongly encourage those parties to add a secondary layer of protection to the existing system of mechanically non?interchangeable nozzles/receptacles. This will reduce the probability of a pressure mismatch during this developmental phase for hydrogen fuel cell vehicles and infrastructure. This step can be reassessed after further analysis is completed and the need and effectiveness of secondary protection methods are evaluated. This paper provides background discussion of the problem, current safety systems and strategy and examples of potential future solutions to support the above recommendations.

Weiner, Steven C.; Kallman, Richard A.

2009-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

440

Waste Acceptance Testing of Secondary Waste Forms: Cast Stone, Ceramicrete and DuraLith  

SciTech Connect

To support the selection of a waste form for the liquid secondary wastes from WTP, Washington River Protection Solutions has initiated secondary-waste-form testing work at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). In anticipation of a down-selection process for a waste form for the Solidification Treatment Unit to be added to the ETF, PNNL is conducting tests on four candidate waste forms to evaluate their ability to meet potential waste acceptance criteria for immobilized secondary wastes that would be placed in the IDF. All three waste forms demonstrated compressive strengths above the minimum 3.45 MPa (500 psi) set as a target for cement-based waste forms. Further, none of the waste forms showed any significant degradation in compressive strength after undergoing thermal cycling (30 cycles in a 10 day period) between -40 C and 60 C or water immersion for 90 days. The three leach test methods are intended to measure the diffusion rates of contaminants from the waste forms. Results are reported in terms of diffusion coefficients and a leachability index (LI) calculated based on the diffusion coefficients. A smaller diffusion coefficient and a larger LI are desired. The NRC, in its Waste Form Technical Position (NRC 1991), provides recommendations and guidance regarding methods to demonstrate waste stability for land disposal of radioactive waste. Included is a recommendation to conduct leach tests using the ANS 16.1 method. The resulting leachability index (LI) should be greater than 6.0. For Hanford secondary wastes, the LI > 6.0 criterion applies to sodium leached from the waste form. For technetium and iodine, higher targets of LI > 9 for Tc and LI > 11 for iodine have been set based on early waste-disposal risk and performance assessment analyses. The results of these three leach tests conducted for a total time between 11days (ASTM C1308) to 90 days (ANS 16.1) showed: (1) Technetium diffusivity: ANSI/ANS 16.1, ASTM C1308, and EPA 1315 tests indicated that all the waste forms had leachability indices better than the target LI > 9 for technetium; (2) Rhenium diffusivity: Cast Stone 2M specimens, when tested using EPA 1315 protocol, had leachability indices better than the target LI > 9 for technetium based on rhenium as a surrogate for technetium. All other waste forms tested by ANSI/ANS 16.1, ASTM C1308, and EPA 1315 test methods had leachability indices that were below the target LI > 9 for Tc based on rhenium release. These studies indicated that use of Re(VII) as a surrogate for 99Tc(VII) in low temperature secondary waste forms containing reductants will provide overestimated diffusivity values for 99Tc. Therefore, it is not appropriate to use Re as a surrogate 99Tc in future low temperature waste form studies. (3) Iodine diffusivity: ANSI/ANS 16.1, ASTM C1308, and EPA 1315 tests indicated that the three waste forms had leachability indices that were below the target LI > 11 for iodine. Therefore, it may be necessary to use a more effective sequestering material than silver zeolite used in two of the waste forms (Ceramicrete and DuraLith); (4) Sodium diffusivity: All the waste form specimens tested by the three leach methods (ANSI/ANS 16.1, ASTM C1308, and EPA 1315) exceeded the target LI value of 6; (5) All three leach methods (ANS 16.1, ASTM C1308 and EPA 1315) provided similar 99Tc diffusivity values for both short-time transient diffusivity effects as well as long-term ({approx}90 days) steady diffusivity from each of the three tested waste forms (Cast Stone 2M, Ceramicrete and DuraLith). Therefore, any one of the three methods can be used to determine the contaminant diffusivities from a selected waste form.

Mattigod, Shas V.; Westsik, Joseph H.; Chung, Chul-Woo; Lindberg, Michael J.; Parker, Kent E.

2011-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "firm secondary nominations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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441

Low-energy positron and electron diffraction and positron-stimulated secondary electron emission from Cu(100)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of two series of experiments are reported. In the first, an electrostatically guided beam of low-energy (40-400 eV) positrons, delta/sub p/ was used to study low-energy positron diffraction (LEPD) from a Cu(100) surface under ultrahigh-vacuum conditions. Low-energy electron diffraction (LEED) data were obtained from the same sample in the same apparatus. Comparison of LEPD and LEED intensity versus energy data with model calculations made using computer programs developed by C.B. Duke and collaborators indicated that: LEPD data is adequately modeled using potentials with no exchange-correlation term. The inelastic mean free path, lambda/sub ee/, is shorter for positrons than for electrons at low (LEPD at making a determination of the first-layer spacing of Cu(100) for the particular data set reported. In the second set of experiments, the same apparatus and sample were used to compare positron- and electron-stimulated secondary-electron emission (PSSEE and ESSEE). The results were found to be consistent with existing models of secondary-electron production for metals. The energy distributions of secondary-electrons had broad low-energy (<10 eV) peaks for both positron and electron stimulation. But the PSEE distribution showed no elastic peak. Measurements of secondary-electron angular distributions, found to be cosine-like in both the PSSEE and ESSEE case, were used to obtain total secondary yield ratios, delta, at four beam energies ranging from 40-400 eV. The secondary yield ratio for primary positrons and the yield for primary electrons, delta/sub e/, were similar at these energies. For 400-eV primary particles the secondary yields were found to be delta/sub p/ = 0.94 +/- 0.12 and delta/sub e/ = 0.94 +/- 0./12, giving a ratio of unity for positron-stimulated secondary yield to electron-stimulated secondary yield.

Weiss, A.H.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Microsoft Word - CX-SantiamSecondaryContainmentFY12_WEB.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Brett Sherer Project Manager - KEP-4 Proposed Action: Upgrade of the secondary containment system at Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Santiam Substation Budget Information: Work Order #: 00310540 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6 "Additions or modifications to electric power transmission facilities that would not affect the environment beyond the previously developed facility area..." Location: Santiam Substation is located approximately three miles northeast of the city of Lyons, OR, Township 9 South, and Range 1 East, Section 22. Proposed by: BPA Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to bring the stormwater drainage system

443

On correlation between protein secondary structure, backbone bond angles, and side-chain orientations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the fine structure of the sp3 hybridized covalent bond geometry that governs the tetrahedral architecture around the central C$_\\alpha$ carbon of a protein backbone, and for this we develop new visualization techniques to analyze high resolution X-ray structures in Protein Data Bank. We observe that there is a correlation between the deformations of the ideal tetrahedral symmetry and the local secondary structure of the protein. We propose a universal coarse grained energy function to describe the ensuing side-chain geometry in terms of the C$_\\beta$ carbon orientations. The energy function can model the side-chain geometry with a sub-atomic precision. As an example we construct the C$_\\alpha$-C$_\\beta$ structure of HP35 chicken villin headpiece. We obtain a configuration that deviates less than 0.4 \\.A in root-mean-square distance from the experimental X-ray structure.

Lundgren, Martin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Method of forming components for a high-temperature secondary electrochemical cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of forming a component for a high-temperature secondary electrochemical cell having a positive electrode including a sulfide selected from the group consisting of iron sulfides, nickel sulfides, copper sulfides and cobalt sulfides, a negative electrode including an alloy of aluminum and an electrically insulating porous separator between said electrodes is described. The improvement comprises forming a slurry of solid particles dispersed in a liquid electrolyte such as the lithium chloride-potassium chloride eutectic, casting the slurry into a form having the shape of one of the components and smoothing the exposed surface of the slurry, cooling the cast slurry to form the solid component, and removing same. Electrodes and separators can be thus formed.

Mrazek, F.C.; Battles, J.E.

1981-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

445

Predicting a set of minimal free energy RNA secondary structures common to two sequences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Function derives from structure; therefore there is need of methods for predicting functional RNA structures. Results: The Dynalign algorithm, which predicts the lowest free energy secondary structure common to two unaligned RNA sequences, is extended to the prediction of a set of low energy structures. Dot plots can be drawn to show all base pairs in structures within an energy increment. Dynalign predicts more well-defined structures than structure prediction using a single sequence; in 5S rRNA sequences, the average number of base pairs in structures with energy within 20 % of the lowest energy structure is 317 using Dynalign, but 569 using a single sequence. Structure prediction with Dynalign can also be constrained according to experiment or comparative analysis. The accuracy, measured as sensitivity and positive predictive value, of Dynalign is greater than predictions with a single sequence. Availability: Dynalign can be downloaded at

David H. Mathews

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Correlation of Secondary Organic Aerosol with Odd Oxygen in Mexico City  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data collected from a mountain location within the Mexico City limits are used to demonstrate a correlation between secondary organic aerosol and odd-oxygen (O3 + NO2). Positive matrix factorization techniques are employed to separate organic aerosol components: hydrocarbon-like organic aerosol; oxidized-organic aerosol; and biomass burning organic aerosol. The measured hydrocarbon-like organic aerosol is correlated with urban CO (8±1) µg m-3 ppmv-1. The measured oxidized-organic aerosol is associated with photochemical oxidation products and correlates with odd-oxygen with an apparent slope of (70-120) µg m-3 ppmv-1. The dependence of the oxidized-organic aerosol to odd-oxygen correlation on the nature of the gas-phase hydrocarbon profile is discussed.

Herndon, Scott C.; Onasch, Timothy B.; Wood, Ezra C.; Kroll, Jesse H.; Canagaratna, M. R.; Jayne, John T.; Zavala, Miguel A.; Knighton, W. Berk; Mazzoleni, Claudio; Dubey, Manvendra K.; Ulbrich, Ingrid M.; Jimenez, Jose L.; Seila, Robert; de Gouw, Joost A.; de Foy, B.; Fast, Jerome D.; Molina, Luisa T.; Kolb, C. E.; Worsnop, Douglas R.

2008-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

447

Method for producing a secondary lithium cell comprising a heat-sensitive protective mechanism  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for producing a secondary lithium cell which has at least one lithium-cycling negative electrode, at least one lithium-intercalating positive electrode, at least one separator disposed between the positive and the negative electrode, and a nonaqueous lithium ion-conducting electrolyte. The method is carried out by the electrodes and/or the separator being coated, by means of electrostatic powder coating, with wax particles which are insoluble in the electrolyte and have a melting temperature of from about 50 to about 150 .degree. C. and a mean particle size of from about 6 to about 20 .mu.m, the amount of wax being between about 0.5 and about 2.5 mg/cm.sup.2 of electrode area.

Ullrich, Matthias (Kelkheim, DE); Bechtold, Dieter (Bad Vilbel, DE); Rabenstein, Heinrich (Frankfurt, DE); Brohm, Thomas (Kelkheim, DE)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Evaluation of secondary-system layup and cleanup practices and processes. Final report. [PWR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study of PWR secondary system layup and cleanup practices was undertaken to evaluate current and proposed methods of corrosion product control associated with extended plant outages. The overall goal was to evaluate means for significantly minimizing the steam generator sludge burden. The study included a field survey of 14 representative PWR plants, an extensive literature search and an evaluation of corrosion product transport data. Recommendations for layup and cleanup system processes were derived from these practices and related information. Estimates of the potential benefits to be expected in the control of corrosion products by controlled layup environments during extended outages and by cleanup following such outages are provided. Cleanup during all, or most, phases of operation is indicated as being most beneficial. Layup and cleanup system process design information is also provided.

Cleary, W.F.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

NMR and dielectric studies of hydrated collagen and elastin: Evidence for a delocalized secondary relaxation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using a combination of dielectric spectroscopy and solid-state deuteron NMR, the hydration water dynamics of connective tissue proteins is studied at sub-ambient temperatures. In this range, the water dynamics follows an Arrhenius law. A scaling analysis of dielectric losses, 'two-phase' NMR spectra, and spin-lattice relaxation times consistently yield evidence for a Gaussian distribution of energy barriers. With the dielectric data as input, random-walk simulations of a large-angle, quasi-isotropic water reorientation provide an approximate description of stimulated-echo data on hydrated elastin. This secondary process takes place in an essentially rigid energy landscape, but in contrast to typical {\\beta}-relaxations it is quasi-isotropic and delocalized. The delocalization is inferred from previous NMR diffusometry experiments. To emphasize the distinction from conventional {\\beta}-processes, for aqueous systems such a matrix-decoupled relaxation was termed a {\

Sorin A. Lusceac; Markus Rosenstihl; Michael Vogel; Catalin Gainaru; Ariane Fillmer; Roland Böhmer

2010-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

450

Comparison endpoint study of process plasma and secondary electron beam exciter optical emission spectroscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditionally process plasmas are often studied and monitored by optical emission spectroscopy. Here, the authors compare experimental measurements from a secondary electron beam excitation and direct process plasma excitation to discuss and illustrate its distinctiveness in the study of process plasmas. They present results that show excitations of etch process effluents in a SF{sub 6} discharge and endpoint detection capabilities in dark plasma process conditions. In SF{sub 6} discharges, a band around 300 nm, not visible in process emission, is observed and it can serve as a good indicator of etch product emission during polysilicon etches. Based on prior work reported in literature the authors believe this band is due to SiF{sub 4} gas phase species.

Stephan Thamban, P. L.; Yun, Stuart; Padron-Wells, Gabriel; Hosch, Jimmy W.; Goeckner, Matthew J. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Texas at Dallas, 800W Campbell Road, Richardson, Texas 75080 (United States); Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Texas at Dallas, 800W Campbell Road, Richardson, Texas 75080 (United States); Verity Instruments, Inc., 2901 Eisenhower Street, Carrollton, Texas 75007 (United States); Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Texas at Dallas, 800 W Campbell Road, Richardson, Texas 75080 (United States)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

451

Effect of the surface on the secondary structure of soft landed peptide ions  

SciTech Connect

Ion soft landing (SL) enables highly selective modification of substrates for applications in materials science, nanotechnology and biology. Our previous study showed that SL can be used for preparation of conformation-selected peptide arrays. Here we present a first study of the effect of the surface on the secondary structures of peptides soft-landed onto self-assembled monolayer surfaces (SAMs). Conformations of soft-landed peptide ions were examined using the newly constructed instrument that enables in situ infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (IRRAS) characterization of surfaces during and after ion deposition. Polyalanine peptides, Ac-AnK and Ac-KAn (n=7, 15), that have been extensively studied both in solution and in the gas phase were used as model systems in this study. We demonstrate that physical and chemical properties of SAM surfaces have a strong effect on the conformations of soft-landed peptides ions. For example, deposition of the ?-helical [Ac-A15K+H]+ ion on the CH3-terminated (HSAM) surface results in immobilization of both the ?- and 310-helical conformations. In contrast, a significant fraction of Ac-A15K molecules are present in the ?-sheet conformation on the CF3- (FSAM) and COOH-terminated (COOH-SAM) surfaces. We show that the kinetic energy of the polyalanine ion, the charge, and the initial conformation have only a minor effect on the conformation of deposited species suggesting that the interaction between the molecule and the surface plays a major role in determining the secondary structures of immobilized polyalanines. This study demonstrates that SL of mass-selected ions can be utilized for obtaining fundamental understanding of the intrinsic properties of biomolecules and surfaces responsible for conformational changes upon adsorption.

Hu, Qichi; Wang, Peng; Laskin, Julia

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Secondary Heat Exchanger Design and Comparison for Advanced High Temperature Reactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goals of next generation nuclear reactors, such as the high temperature gas-cooled reactor and advance high temperature reactor (AHTR), are to increase energy efficiency in the production of electricity and provide high temperature heat for industrial processes. The efficient transfer of energy for industrial applications depends on the ability to incorporate effective heat exchangers between the nuclear heat transport system and the industrial process heat transport system. The need for efficiency, compactness, and safety challenge the boundaries of existing heat exchanger technology, giving rise to the following study. Various studies have been performed in attempts to update the secondary heat exchanger that is downstream of the primary heat exchanger, mostly because its performance is strongly tied to the ability to employ more efficient conversion cycles, such as the Rankine super critical and subcritical cycles. This study considers two different types of heat exchangers—helical coiled heat exchanger and printed circuit heat exchanger—as possible options for the AHTR secondary heat exchangers with the following three different options: (1) A single heat exchanger transfers all the heat (3,400 MW(t)) from the intermediate heat transfer loop to the power conversion system or process plants; (2) Two heat exchangers share heat to transfer total heat of 3,400 MW(t) from the intermediate heat transfer loop to the power conversion system or process plants, each exchanger transfers 1,700 MW(t) with a parallel configuration; and (3) Three heat exchangers share heat to transfer total heat of 3,400 MW(t) from the intermediate heat transfer loop to the power conversion system or process plants. Each heat exchanger transfers 1,130 MW(t) with a parallel configuration. A preliminary cost comparison will be provided for all different cases along with challenges and recommendations.

Piyush Sabharwall; Ali Siahpush; Michael McKellar; Michael Patterson; Eung Soo Kim

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Secondary Waste Form Screening Test Results—Cast Stone and Alkali Alumino-Silicate Geopolymer  

SciTech Connect

PNNL is conducting screening tests on the candidate waste forms to provide a basis for comparison and to resolve the formulation and data needs identified in the literature review. This report documents the screening test results on the Cast Stone cementitious waste form and the Geopolymer waste form. Test results suggest that both the Cast Stone and Geopolymer appear to be viable waste forms for the solidification of the secondary liquid wastes to be treated in the ETF. The diffusivity for technetium from the Cast Stone monoliths was in the range of 1.2 × 10-11 to 2.3 × 10-13 cm2/s during the 63 days of testing. The diffusivity for technetium from the Geopolymer was in the range of 1.7 × 10-10 to 3.8 × 10-12 cm2/s through the 63 days of the test. These values compare with a target of 1 × 10-9 cm2/s or less. The Geopolymer continues to show some fabrication issues with the diffusivities ranging from 1.7 × 10-10 to 3.8 × 10-12 cm2/s for the better-performing batch to from 1.2 × 10-9 to 1.8 × 10-11 cm2/s for the poorer-performing batch. In the future more comprehensive and longer term performance testing will be conducted, to further evaluate whether or not these waste forms will meet the regulation and performance criteria needed to cost-effectively dispose of secondary wastes.

Pierce, Eric M.; Cantrell, Kirk J.; Westsik, Joseph H.; Parker, Kent E.; Um, Wooyong; Valenta, Michelle M.; Serne, R. Jeffrey

2010-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

454

Contrasting diversity patterns of soil mites and nematodes in secondary succession  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soil biodiversity has been recognized as a key feature of ecosystem functioning and stability. However, soil biodiversity is strongly impaired by agriculture and relatively little is known on how and at what spatial and temporal scales soil biodiversity is restored after the human disturbances have come to an end. Here, a multi-scale approach was used to compare diversity patterns of soil mites and nematodes at four stages (early, mid, late, reference site) along a secondary succession chronosequence from abandoned arable land to heath land. In each field four soil samples were taken during four successive seasons. We determined soil diversity within samples ({alpha}-diversity), between samples ({beta}-diversity) and within field sites ({gamma}-diversity). The patterns of {alpha}- and {gamma}-diversity developed similarly along the chronosequence for oribatid mites, but not for nematodes. Nematode {alpha}-diversity was highest in mid- and late-successional sites, while {gamma}-diversity was constant along the chronosequence. Oribatid mite {beta}-diversity was initially high, but decreased thereafter, whereas nematode {beta}-diversity increased when succession proceeded; indicating that patterns of within-site heterogeneity diverged for oribatid mites and nematodes. The spatio-temporal diversity patterns after land abandonment suggest that oribatid mite community development depends predominantly on colonization of new taxa, whereas nematode community development depends on shifts in dominance patterns. This would imply that at old fields diversity patterns of oribatid mites are mainly controlled by dispersal, whereas diversity patterns of nematodes are mainly controlled by changing abiotic or biotic soil conditions. Our study shows that the restoration of soil biodiversity along secondary successional gradients can be both scale- and phylum-dependent.

Kardol, Paul [ORNL; Newton, Jeffrey S. [University of Alberta, Edmondton, Canada; Bezemer, T Martijn [Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW); Maraun, Mark [University of Gottingen, Germany; van der Putten, Wim H. [Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Materials Characterization Paper In Support of the Proposed Rulemaking: Identification of Nonhazardous Secondary Materials That Are Solid Waste  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Resinated wood products are derived from primary and secondary wood products manufacturing and are generally comprised of such items as board trim, sander dust, and panel trim. These secondary materials may be used on-site to manufacture composites or used as fuel. This paper focuses on resinated wood dust because of its importance as a fuel. Resinated wood dusts are primarily generated from the manufacturing of secondary wood products (Short 1993). More specifically, non-hazardous resinated wood dusts are generated from the sanding and sawing of engineered wood, plywood, and reconstituted wood products. 2. Annual Quantities of Resinated Wood Dusts Generated and Used (1) Sectors that generate resinated wood dusts: The following industry sectors, listed by NAICS code, generate resinated wood dust through the production of wood products:

Resinated Wood Products

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Secondary Waste Form Down-Selection Data Package—DuraLith  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This data package developed for the DuraLith wasteform includes information available in the open literature and from data obtained from testing currently underway. DuraLith is an alkali-activated geopolymer waste form developed by the Vitreous State Laboratory at The Catholic University of America (VSL-CUA) for encapsulating liquid radioactive waste. A DuraLith waste form developed for treating Hanford secondary waste liquids is prepared by alkali-activation of a mixture of ground blast furnace slag and metakaolinite with sand used as a filler material. Based on optimization tests, solid waste loading of {approx}7.5% and {approx}14.7 % has been achieved using the Hanford secondary waste S1 and S4 simulants, respectively. The Na loading in both cases is equivalent to {approx}6 M. Some of the critical parameters for the DuraLith process include, hydrogen generation and heat evolution during activator solution preparation using the waste simulant, heat evolution during and after mixing the activator solution with the dry ingredients, and a working window of {approx}20 minutes to complete the pouring of the DuraLith mixture into molds. Results of the most recent testing indicated that the working window can be extended to {approx}30 minutes if 75 wt% of the binder components, namely, blast furnace slag and metakaolin are replaced by Class F fly ash. A preliminary DuraLith process flow sheet developed by VSL-CUA for processing Hanford secondary waste indicated that 10 to 22 waste monoliths (each 48 ft3 in volume) can be produced per day. There are no current pilot-scale or full-scale DuraLith plants under construction or in operation; therefore, the cost of DuraLith production is unknown. The results of the non-regulatory leach tests, EPA Draft 1313 and 1316, Waste Simulant S1-optimized DuraLith specimens indicated that the concentrations of RCRA metals (Ag, Cd, Cr, Hg, and Pb) in the leachates were well below the Universal Treatment Standard limits in 40 CFR 268.48. The data from the EPA draft 1315 leach test showed that LI values for COCs, namely 99Tc and I, ranged from 8.2 to 11.4 and 4.3 to 7.5, respectively. These values indicate that 99Tc meets the WAC LI requirement of 9.0 whereas, the LI values for I does not meet the WAC requirement of 11.0. Results of Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP)(EPA Method 1311) conducted on Waste Simulant S1-optimized DuraLith specimens, indicated that the concentrations of RCRA metals (Ag, As, Cd, Cr, Hg, and Pb) in the leachates were well below the Universal Treatment Standard limits in 40 CFR 268.48. The data from the ANSI/ANS 16.1 leach test showed that LI values for COC, namely Re (as a Tc surrogate), ranged from 8.06 to 10.81. The LI value for another COC, namely I, was not measured in this test. The results of the compressive strength testing of Waste Simulant S1-optimized DuraLith specimens indicated that the monoliths were physically robust with compressive strengths ranging from 115.5 MPa (16757 psi) to 156.2 MPA (22667 psi).

Mattigod, Shas V.; Westsik, Joseph H.

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

457

Measurements and Studies of Secondary Electron Emission of Diamond Amplified Photocathode  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Diamond Amplified Photocathode (DAP) is a novel approach to generating electrons. By following the primary electron beam, which is generated by traditional electron sources, with an amplifier, the electron beam available to the eventual application is increased by 1 to 2 orders of magnitude in current. Diamond has a very wide band gap of 5.47eV which allows for a good negative electron affinity with simple hydrogenation, diamond can hold more than 2000MV/m field before breakdown. Diamond also provides the best rigidity among all materials. These two characters offer the capability of applying high voltage across very thin diamond film to achieve high SEY and desired emission phase. The diamond amplifier also is capable of handling a large heat load by conduction and sub-nanosecond pulse input. The preparation of the diamond amplifier includes thinning and polishing, cleaning with acid etching, metallization, and hydrogenation. The best mechanical polishing available can provide high purity single crystal diamond films with no less than 100 {micro}m thickness and <15 nm Ra surface roughness. The ideal thickness for 700MHz beam is {approx}30 {micro}m, which requires further thinning with RIE or laser ablation. RIE can achieve atomic layer removal precision and roughness eventually, but the time consumption for this procedure is very significant. Laser ablation proved that with <266nm ps laser beam, the ablation process on the diamond can easily achieve removing a few microns per hour from the surface and <100nm roughness. For amplifier application, laser ablation is an adequate and efficient process to make ultra thin diamond wafers following mechanical polishing. Hydrogenation will terminate the diamond surface with monolayer of hydrogen, and form NEA so that secondary electrons in the conduction band can escape into the vacuum. The method is using hydrogen cracker to strike hydrogen atoms onto the bare diamond surface to form H-C bonds. Two independent experiments were carried out to determine the transport of the electrons within the diamond and their emission at the surface. In transmission mode measurements, the diamond amplifier was coated with metal on both sides, so results simply depend only on the electron transport within the diamond. The SEY for this mode provides one secondary electron per 20eV energy, which gives the gain of more than 200 for 4.7keV (effective energy) primary electrons under 2MV/m. Laser detrapping can help the signal maintain the gain with lops pulse and duty cycle of 1.67 x 10{sup -7}. In emission mode measurements, in which the diamond is prepared as in the actual application, the SEY is {approx}20 for 700eV (effective energy) primary electrons under 1.21MV/m. The electric field applied and the primary electron energy is limited by the experiment setup, but the results show good trend toward large gain under high field. Thermal emittance of the diamond secondary emission is critical for the beam application. A careful design is setup to measure with very fine precision and accuracy of 0.01eV.

Wu,Q.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

SECONDARY ELECTRON TRAJECTORIES IN HIGH-GRADIENT VACUUM INSULATORS WITH FAST HIGH-VOLTAGE PULSES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vacuum insulators composed of alternating layers of metal and dielectric, known as high-gradient insulators (HGIs), have been shown to withstand higher electric fields than conventional insulators. Primary or secondary electrons (emitted from the insulator surface) can be deflected by magnetic fields from external sources, the high-current electron beam, the conduction current in the transmission line, or the displacement current in the insulator. These electrons are deflected either toward or away from the insulator surface and this affects the performance of the vacuum insulator. This paper shows the effects of displacement current from short voltage pulses on the performance of high gradient insulators. Generally, vacuum insulator failure is due to surface flashover, initiated by electrons emitted from a triple junction. These electrons strike the insulator surface thus producing secondary electrons, and can lead to a subsequent electron cascade along the surface. The displacement current in the insulator can deflect electrons either toward or away from the insulator surface, and affects the performance of the vacuum insulator when the insulator is subjected to a fast high-voltage pulse. Vacuum insulators composed of alternating layers of metal and dielectric, known as high-gradient insulators (HGIs), have been shown to withstand higher electric fields than conventional insulators. HGIs, being tolerant of the direct view of high-current electron and ion beams, and having desirable RF properties for accelerators, are a key enabling technology for the dielectric-wall accelerators (DWA) being developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Characteristically, insulator surface breakdown thresholds go up as the applied voltage pulse width decreases. To attain the highest accelerating gradient in the DWA, short accelerating voltage pulses are only applied locally, along the HGI accelerator tube, in sync with the charged particle bunch, and the effects of displacement current on trajectories of electrons emitted from HGI surface are particularly interesting. This paper presents simulated electron trajectories experiencing either constant or short-duration applied voltage pulses. Comparisons of these trajectories clearly indicate the importance of the voltage pulse shape, especially the rise time, in the flashover initiation process for HGIs.

Chen, Y; Blackfield, D; Nelson, S D; Poole, B

2010-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

459

Secondary nuclear fragment beams for investigations of relativistic fragmentation of light radioactive nuclei using nuclear photoemulsion at Nuclotron  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Slowly extracted relativistic beams of light nuclei and a beam transportation line net system constitute a good base for secondary nuclear beams forming at the LHE accelerator facility. A recent years activity in the field at the Laboratory is connected with a project on study light nuclei structure by means the emulsion technique [1,2]. The paper shortly summarizes results of the work.

Rukoyatkin, P A; Kukushkina, R I; Ramzhin, V N; Zarubin, P I

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Tests show ability of vacuum circuit breaker to interrupt fast transient recovery voltage rates of rise of transformer secondary faults  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A vacuum circuit breaker demonstrated its ability to interrupt short circuits with faster than normal rates of rise of transient recovery voltage (TRV) at levels greater than those produced by most transformer secondary faults. Two recent exploratory test programs evaluated the interrupting ability of a 15kV vacuum circuit breaker containing interrupters of the rotating arc type with contacts made from a chromium-copper powder metal mixture. The interrupting conditions covered a wide range of currents from 10% to 130% of the 28kA rated short circuit current of the tested circuit breaker and a wide range of TRV rates of rise, including the relatively slow rate of rise, normally used in testing and found in most indoor circuit breaker applications, two faster rates of rise equaling and exceeding those found in a known power plant transformer secondary protection application, and the fastest rates of rise possible in the laboratory which exceed the requirements of most transformer secondary faults. These tests showed that the interrupting performance of the tested vacuum circuit breaker was unaffected by the TRV rate of rise to the fastest rates available in the test lab. Such a vacuum circuit breaker can therefore be used without TRV modifying capacitors to slow down the rate of rise provided by the power system. This ability is particularly important if analysis shows that the expected TRV from a transformer secondary fault has a fast rate of rise beyond the recognized ability of an older circuit breaker to acceptably interrupt.

Smith, R.K. [Westinghouse Science and Technology Center, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "firm secondary nominations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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461

Cathodes for secondary electrochemical power-producing cells. [layers of porous substrates impregnated with S alternate with layers containing electrolyte  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A secondary electrochemical power-producing cell includes an anode containing lithium, an electrolyte containing lithium ions, and a cathode containing sulfur. The cathode comprises plates of a porous substrate material impregnated with sulfur alternating with layers (which may also comprise porous substrate plates) containing electrolyte.

Cairns, E.J.; Kyle, M.; Shimotake, H.

1973-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

462

Risk Factors Associated With Secondary Sarcomas in Childhood Cancer Survivors: A Report From the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Childhood cancer survivors have an increased risk of secondary sarcomas. To better identify those at risk, the relationship between therapeutic dose of chemotherapy and radiation and secondary sarcoma should be quantified. Methods and Materials: We conducted a nested case-control study of secondary sarcomas (105 cases, 422 matched controls) in a cohort of 14,372 childhood cancer survivors. Radiation dose at the second malignant neoplasm (SMN) site and use of chemotherapy were estimated from detailed review of medical records. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals were estimated by conditional logistic regression. Excess odds ratio (EOR) was modeled as a function of radiation dose, chemotherapy, and host factors. Results: Sarcomas occurred a median of 11.8 years (range, 5.3-31.3 years) from original diagnosis. Any exposure to radiation was associated with increased risk of secondary sarcoma (OR = 4.1, 95% CI = 1.8-9.5). A dose-response relation was observed, with elevated risks at doses between 10 and 29.9 Gy (OR = 15.6, 95% CI = 4.5-53.9), 30-49.9 Gy (OR = 16.0, 95% CI 3.8-67.8) and >50 Gy (OR = 114.1, 95% CI 13.5-964.8). Anthracycline exposure was associated with sarcoma risk (OR = 3.5, 95% CI = 1.6-7.7) adjusting for radiation dose, other chemotherapy, and primary cancer. Adjusting for treatment, survivors with a first diagnosis of Hodgkin lymphoma (OR = 10.7, 95% CI = 3.1-37.4) or primary sarcoma (OR = 8.4, 95% CI = 3.2-22.3) were more likely to develop a sarcoma. Conclusions: Of the risk factors evaluated, radiation exposure was the most important for secondary sarcoma development in childhood cancer survivors; anthracycline chemotherapy exposure was also associated with increased risk.

Henderson, Tara O., E-mail: thenderson@peds.bsd.uchicago.edu [University of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); Rajaraman, Preetha [National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD (United States)] [National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD (United States); Stovall, Marilyn [M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, University of Texas, Houston, TX (United States)] [M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, University of Texas, Houston, TX (United States); Constine, Louis S. [University of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States)] [University of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States); Olive, Aliza [Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA (United States)] [Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Smith, Susan A. [M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, University of Texas, Houston, TX (United States)] [M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, University of Texas, Houston, TX (United States); Mertens, Ann [Emory University, Atlanta, GA (United States)] [Emory University, Atlanta, GA (United States); Meadows, Anna [Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA (United States)] [Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Neglia, Joseph P. [University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)] [University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States); Hammond, Sue [Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH (United States)] [Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH (United States); Whitton, John [Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA (United States)] [Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA (United States); Inskip, Peter D. [National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD (United States)] [National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD (United States); Robison, Leslie L. [St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (United States)] [St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (United States); Diller, Lisa [Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Children's Hospital Cancer Center, Boston, MA (United States)] [Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Children's Hospital Cancer Center, Boston, MA (United States)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Secondary Ionization Mass Spectrometric Analysis of Impurity Element Isotope Ratios in Nuclear Reactor Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) analysis has been used to measure isotope ratios of selected impurity elements in irradiated reactor materials. Samples of reactor materials such as graphite or aluminum alloys are obtained from fuel channels or supporting materials. During reactor operations and fuel burn up, some isotopic abundances change due to nuclear reactions and provide sensitive indicators of neutron fluence. The rate of change is related to cross section for a particular isotope. Different isotopes can be used as indicators of burn up during different stages in the reactor operating history. Isotope ratios of B are useful indicators for low burnup stages early in reactor operations, Ti isotope ratios are useful at later burn up stages, and Cl isotope ratios are useful in both early and later stages. Knowledge of the sample position within the reactor also yields information on the fluence shape or profile. In a sequence of samples from one reactor, 10B/11B ratios decreased from near natural values of 0.25 to blasting, plasma etching, and vacuum furnace treatment.

Gerlach, David C.; Cliff, John B.; Hurley, David E.; Reid, Bruce D.; Little, Winston W.; Meriwether, George H.; Wickham, Anthony J.; Simmons, Tere A.

2006-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

464

Primary and secondary electrical space power based on advanced PEM systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

For new space ventures, power continues to be a pacing function for mission planning and experiment endurance. Although electrochemical power is a well demonstrated space power technology, current hardware limitations impact future mission viability. In order to document and augment electrochemical technology, a series of experiments for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Lewis Research Center (NASA LeRC) are underway at the Los Alamos National Laboratory that define operational parameters on contemporary proton exchange membrane (PEM) hardware operating with hydrogen and oxygen reactants. Because of the high efficiency possible for water electrolysis, this hardware is also thought part of a secondary battery design built around stored reactants -- the so-called regenerative fuel cell. An overview of stack testing at Los Alamos, and of analyses related to regenerative fuel cell systems are provided in this paper. Finally, this paper describes work looking at innovative concepts that remove complexity from stack hardware with the specific intent of higher system reliability. This new concept offers the potential for unprecedented electrochemical power system energy densities.

Vanderborgh, N.E.; Hedstrom, J.C.; Stroh, K.R. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)); Huff, J.R. (Ballard Power Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Primary and secondary electrical space power based on advanced PEM systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

For new space ventures, power continues to be a pacing function for mission planning and experiment endurance. Although electrochemical power is a well demonstrated space power technology, current hardware limitations impact future mission viability. In order to document and augment electrochemical technology, a series of experiments for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Lewis Research Center (NASA LeRC) are underway at the Los Alamos National Laboratory that define operational parameters on contemporary proton exchange membrane (PEM) hardware operating with hydrogen and oxygen reactants. Because of the high efficiency possible for water electrolysis, this hardware is also thought part of a secondary battery design built around stored reactants -- the so-called regenerative fuel cell. An overview of stack testing at Los Alamos, and of analyses related to regenerative fuel cell systems are provided in this paper. Finally, this paper describes work looking at innovative concepts that remove complexity from stack hardware with the specific intent of higher system reliability. This new concept offers the potential for unprecedented electrochemical power system energy densities.

Vanderborgh, N.E.; Hedstrom, J.C.; Stroh, K.R. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Huff, J.R. [Ballard Power Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Interpretation of Secondary Organic Aerosol Formation from Diesel Exhaust Photooxidation in an Environmental Chamber  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation from diesel exhaust in a smog chamber was investigated. Particle volume measurement based on mobility diameter is shown to underestimate SOA formation from diesel exhaust due to the external void space of agglomerate particles, in which case mass-based measurement technique is necessary. Rapid determination of particle effective density as a function of particle mass was performed by an Aerosol Particle Mass analyzer – Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer (APM-SMPS) to obtain particle mass concentration and fractal dimension. Continuous aging of aerosol was observed in terms of atomic ratio (O/C), from 0.05 to 0.25 in 12 hours, underscoring the importance of multi-generational oxidation of low-volatile organic vapors emitted from diesel engine as the significant source of oxygenated SOA. Experimental conditions possibly have strong impacts on physical evolution of diesel particulates in a smog chamber. Higher particle effective densities were observed when raw exhaust was injected into a full bag as opposed to filling a bag with diluted exhaust using an ejector diluter. When longer transfer line was used for injecting diesel exhaust into the smog chamber, rapid particle coagulation was observed, leading to increasing particle volume concentration in dark while its mass concentration is decreasing.

Nakao, Shunsuke; Shrivastava, ManishKumar B.; Nguyen, Anh; Jung, Hee-Jung; Cocker, David R.

2011-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

467

OBSERVATIONS OF A TWO-STAGE SOLAR ERUPTIVE EVENT (SEE): EVIDENCE FOR SECONDARY HEATING  

SciTech Connect

We present RHESSI, SDO/AIA, SOHO/LASCO, STEREO, and GOES observations of a partially occulted solar eruptive event that occurred at the southwest limb on 2011 March 8. The GOES X-ray light curve shows two peaks separated by almost 2 hr that we interpret as two stages of a single event associated with the delayed eruption of a coronal mass ejection (CME). A hot flux rope formed during the first stage and continued expanding and rising throughout the event. The speed of the flux rope decreased from {approx}120 to 14 km s{sup -1} during the decay phase of the first stage and increased again during the second stage to become the CME with a speed of {approx}516 km s{sup -1}. RHESSI and GOES data analyses show that the plasma temperature reached over 20 MK in the first stage, then decreased to {approx}10 MK and increased to 15 MK in the second stage. This event provides clear evidence for a secondary heating phase. The enhanced EUV and X-ray emission came from the high corona ({approx}60 arcsec above the limb) in the second stage, {approx}40 arcsec higher than the site of the initial flare emission. STEREO-A on-disk observations indicate that the post-flare loops during this stage were of larger scale sizes and spatially distinct from those in the first stage.

Su Yang; Dennis, Brian R.; Holman, Gordon D.; Wang, Tongjiang; Chamberlin, Phillip C.; Savage, Sabrina [Solar Physics Laboratory (Code 671), Heliophysics Science Division, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Veronig, Astrid, E-mail: yang.su@uni-graz.at [Institute of Physics, University of Graz, Universitaetsplatz 5, Graz 8010 (Austria)

2012-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

468

Secondary organic aerosol from ozone-initiated reactions with terpene-rich household products  

SciTech Connect

We analyzed secondary organic aerosol (SOA) data from a series of small-chamber experiments in which terpene-rich vapors from household products were combined with ozone under conditions analogous to product use indoors. Reagents were introduced into a continuously ventilated 198 L chamber at steady rates. Consistently, at the time of ozone introduction, nucleation occurred exhibiting behavior similar to atmospheric events. The initial nucleation burst and growth was followed by a period in which approximately stable particle levels were established reflecting a balance between new particle formation, condensational growth, and removal by ventilation. Airborne particles were measured with a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS, 10 to 400 nm) in every experiment and with an optical particle counter (OPC, 0.1 to 2.0 ?m) in a subset. Parameters for a three-mode lognormal fit to the size distribution at steady state were determined for each experiment. Increasing the supply ozone level increased the steady-state mass concentration and yield of SOA from each product tested. Decreasing the air-exchange rate increased the yield. The steady-state fine-particle mass concentration (PM1.1) ranged from 10 to> 300 mu g m-3 and yields ranged from 5percent to 37percent. Steady-state nucleation rates and SOA mass formation rates were on the order of 10 cm-3 s-1 and 10 mu g m-3 min-1, respectively.

Coleman, Beverly; Coleman, Beverly K.; Lunden, Melissa M.; Destaillats, Hugo; Nazaroff, William W.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Line-Based Object Recognition using Hausdorff Distance: From Range Images to Molecular Secondary Structure  

SciTech Connect

Object recognition algorithms are fundamental tools in automatic matching of geometric shapes within a background scene. Many approaches have been proposed in the past to solve the object recognition problem. Two of the key aspects that distinguish them in terms of their practical usability are: (i) the type of input model description and (ii) the comparison criteria used. In this paper we introduce a novel scheme for 3D object recognition based on line segment representation of the input shapes and comparison using the Hausdor distance. This choice of model representation provides the flexibility to apply the scheme in different application areas. We define several variants of the Hausdor distance to compare the models within the framework of well defined metric spaces. We present a matching algorithm that efficiently finds a pattern in a 3D scene. The algorithm approximates a minimization procedure of the Hausdor distance. The output error due to the approximation is guaranteed to be within a known constant bound. Practical results are presented for two classes of objects: (i) polyhedral shapes extracted from segmented range images and (ii) secondary structures of large molecules. In both cases the use of our approximate algorithm allows to match correctly the pattern in the background while achieving the efficiency necessary for practical use of the scheme. In particular the performance is improved substantially with minor degradation of the quality of the matching.

Guerra, C; Pascucci, V

2004-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

470

Synergy between Secondary Organic Aerosols and Long Range Transport of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) known for their harmful health effects undergo long-range transport (LRT) when adsorbed on and/or absorbed in atmospheric particles. The association between atmospheric particles, PAHs, and their LRT has been the subject of many studies, yet remains poorly understood. Current models assume PAHs instantaneously attain reversible gas-particle equilibrium. In this paradigm, during LRT, as gas-phase PAHs concentrations are depleted due to oxidation and dilution, particle-bound PAHs rapidly evaporate to re-establish equilibrium, leading to severe underpredictions of LRT potential of particle-bound PAHs. Here we present a new, experimentally based picture, in which the PAHs become trapped inside highly viscous quasi-solid secondary organic aerosol (SOA) particles during particle formation, and thus prevented from evaporation, and shielded from oxidation. In contrast, surface-adsorbed PAHs rapidly evaporate, leaving no trace behind. We find synergetic effects between PAHs and SOA, in that the presence of PAHs inside SOA particles drastically slows SOA evaporation to the point that it can be ignored, and the highly viscous SOA prevents PAHs evaporation assuring efficient LRT. The data show that the assumptions of instantaneous reversible gas-particle equilibrium for PAHs and for SOA are fundamentally flawed, providing explanation for the persistent discrepancy between observed and predicted particle-bound PAHs.

Zelenyuk, Alla; Imre, D.; Beranek, Josef; Abramson, Evan H.; Wilson, Jacqueline M.; Shrivastava, ManishKumar B.

2012-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

471

Utilizing secondary heat to heat wash oil in the coke-oven gas desulfurization division  

SciTech Connect

Removal of hydrogen sulfide from the coke-oven gas by the vacuum-carbonate method involves significant energy costs, comprising about 47% of the total costs of the process. This is explained by the significant demand of steam for regeneration of the wash oil, the cost of which exceeds 30% of the total operating costs. The boiling point of the saturated wash oil under vacuum does not exceed 70/sup 0/C, thus the wash oil entering the regenerator can be heated either by the direct coke-oven gas or by the tar supernatant from the gas collection cycle. Utilizing the secondary heat of the direct coke-oven gas and the tar supernatant liquor (the thermal effect is approximately the same) to heat the wash oil from the gas desulfurization shops significantly improves the industrial economic indices. Heating the wash oil from gas desulfurization shops using the vacuum-carbonate method by the heat of the tar supernatant liquor may be adopted at a number of coking plants which have a scarcity of thermal resources and which have primary coolers with vertical tubes.

Volkov, E.L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Waste Heat Recovery from the Advanced Test Reactor Secondary Coolant Loop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigated the feasibility of using a waste heat recovery system (WHRS) to recover heat from the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) secondary coolant system (SCS). This heat would be used to preheat air for space heating of the reactor building, thus reducing energy consumption, carbon footprint, and energy costs. Currently, the waste heat from the reactor is rejected to the atmosphere via a four-cell, induced-draft cooling tower. Potential energy and cost savings are 929 kW and $285K/yr. The WHRS would extract a tertiary coolant stream from the SCS loop and pump it to a new plate and frame heat exchanger, from which the heat would be transferred to a glycol loop for preheating outdoor air supplied to the heating and ventilation system. The use of glycol was proposed to avoid the freezing issues that plagued and ultimately caused the failure of a WHRS installed at the ATR in the 1980s. This study assessed the potential installation of a new WHRS for technical, logistical, and economic feasibility.

Donna Post Guillen

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Conceptual design report, 219-S secondary containment upgrade, Project W-178  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 219-S Facility is located in the 200-West Area on the Hanford Site and was constructed in 1951. The facility receives and treats liquid, low-level mixed waste from the 222-S Laboratory prior to transfer of that waste to the SY Tank Farm. The 219-S Facility consists of Cell A containing Tanks 101 and 102 and Cell B containing Tank 103 and a spare space. Project W-178 will modify the 219-S Facility to bring it into compliance with the tank system standards in WAC 173-303-640. The secondary containment upgrade will consist of a stainless steel cell liner in both Cell A and the spare space in Cell B. Additionally, Cell B will be modified by taking Tank 103 out of service and installing a new tank: Tank 104. The construction work will be accomplished in phases to minimize service interruption to the 222-S Laboratory. The proposed design and construction method is the most cost effective of four alternatives evaluated during a value engineering session. Project W-178 is a fiscal year 1995 Line Item. Total estimated construction costs of the project are $2,600,000; other project costs are $710,000. The total project cost is $3,300,000.

Beyer, J.J. [Kaiser Engineers Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Secondary cell with orthorhombic alkali metal/manganese oxide phase active cathode material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An alkali metal manganese oxide secondary cell is disclosed which can provide a high rate of discharge, good cycling capabilities, good stability of the cathode material, high specific energy (energy per unit of weight) and high energy density (energy per unit volume). The active material in the anode is an alkali metal and the active material in the cathode comprises an orthorhombic alkali metal manganese oxide which undergoes intercalation and deintercalation without a change in phase, resulting in a substantially linear change in voltage with change in the state of charge of the cell. The active material in the cathode is an orthorhombic structure having the formula M{sub x}Z{sub y}Mn{sub (1{minus}y)}O{sub 2}, where M is an alkali metal; Z is a metal capable of substituting for manganese in the orthorhombic structure such as iron, cobalt or titanium; x ranges from about 0.2 in the fully charged state to about 0.75 in the fully discharged state, and y ranges from 0 to 60 atomic %. Preferably, the cell is constructed with a solid electrolyte, but a liquid or gelatinous electrolyte may also be used in the cell. 11 figs.

Doeff, M.M.; Peng, M.Y.; Ma, Y.; Visco, S.J.; DeJonghe, L.C.

1996-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

475

The Novice Teacher's Experience in Sensemaking and Socialization in Urban Secondary Schools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Teacher attrition is costly for districts, both financially and in terms of student achievement. Districts often address teacher attrition by focusing on recruitment practices or by offering induction support for novice teachers. However, new teachers continue to leave the profession at alarming rates. This qualitative case study provides insight into how new teachers cope with the frustrations and challenges of entry-level teaching. The study examines the entry-level experiences of twelve novice teachers from urban secondary schools, including the perceptions of teaching they developed prior to entry, the aspects of teaching they found most frustrating, how they made sense of what was happening to them, and how they adapted their own behaviors in response to what they experienced. Viewed within a theoretical framework for examining the "newcomer experience" developed by Meryl Reis Louis in 1980, the data suggest that traditional group approaches to supporting novices fail to address the highly individual way in which newcomers "make sense" of teaching as they progress through a series of stages from anticipation through adaptation. From the data, implications may be drawn in terms of "what matters" in the design of support systems for new teachers.

Berry, Joan Ramey

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Excitation-emission spectra and fluorescence quantum yields for fresh and aged biogenic secondary organic aerosols  

SciTech Connect

Certain biogenic secondary organic aerosols (SOA) become absorbent and fluorescent when exposed to reduced nitrogen compounds such as ammonia, amines and their salts. Fluorescent SOA may potentially be mistaken for biological particles by detection methods relying on fluorescence. This work quantifies the spectral distribution and effective quantum yields of fluorescence of SOA generated from two monoterpenes, limonene and a-pinene, and two different oxidants, ozone (O3) and hydroxyl radical (OH). The SOA was generated in a smog chamber, collected on substrates, and aged by exposure to ~100 ppb ammonia vapor in air saturated with water vapor. Absorption and excitation-emission matrix (EEM) spectra of aqueous extracts of aged and control SOA samples were measured, and the effective absorption coefficients and fluorescence quantum yields (~0.005 for 349 nm excitation) were determined from the data. The strongest fluorescence for the limonene-derived SOA was observed for excitation = 420+- 50 nm and emission = 475 +- 38 nm. The window of the strongest fluorescence shifted to excitation = 320 +- 25 nm and emission = 425 +- 38 nm for the a-pinene-derived SOA. Both regions overlap with the excitation-emission matrix (EEM) spectra of some of the fluorophores found in primary biological aerosols. Our study suggests that, despite the low quantum yield, the aged SOA particles should have sufficient fluorescence intensities to interfere with the fluorescence detection of common bioaerosols.

Lee, Hyun Ji; Laskin, Alexander; Laskin, Julia; Nizkorodov, Sergey A.

2013-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

477

Mineral Dissolution and Secondary Precipitation on Quartz Sand in Simulated Hanford Tank Solutions Affecting Subsurface Porosity  

SciTech Connect

Highly alkaline nuclear waste solutions have been released from underground nuclear waste storage tanks and pipelines into the vadose zone at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Hanford Site in Washington, causing mineral dissolution and re-precipitation upon contact with subsurface sediments. High pH caustic NaNO3 solutions with and without dissolved Al were reacted with quartz sand through flow-through columns stepwise at 45, 51, and 89°C to simulate possible reactions between leaked nuclear waste solution and primary subsurface mineral. Upon reaction, Si was released from the dissolution of quartz sand, and nitrate-cancrinite [Na8Si6Al6O24(NO3)2] precipitated on the quartz surface as a secondary mineral phase. Both steady-state dissolution and precipitation kinetics were quantified, and quartz dissolution apparent activation energy was determined. Mineral alteration through dissolution and precipitation processes results in pore volume and structure changes in the subsurface porous media. In this study, the column porosity increased up to 40.3% in the pure dissolution column when no dissolved Al was present in the leachate, whereas up to a 26.5% porosity decrease was found in columns where both dissolution and precipitation were observed because of the presence of Al in the input solution. The porosity change was also confirmed by calculation using the dissolution and precipitation rates and mineral volume changes.

Wang, Guohui; Um, Wooyong

2012-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

478

Data Package for Secondary Waste Form Down-Selection—Cast Stone  

SciTech Connect

Available literature on Cast Stone and Saltstone was reviewed with an emphasis on determining how Cast Stone and related grout waste forms performed in relationship to various criteria that will be used to decide whether a specific type of waste form meets acceptance criteria for disposal in the Integrated Disposal Facility (IDF) at Hanford. After the critical review of the Cast Stone/Saltstone literature, we conclude that Cast Stone is a good candidate waste form for further consideration. Cast stone meets the target IDF acceptance criteria for compressive strength, no free liquids, TCLP leachate are below the UTS permissible concentrations and leach rates for Na and Tc-99 are suiteably low. The cost of starting ingredients and equipment necessary to generate Cast Stone waste forms with secondary waste streams are low and the Cast Stone dry blend formulation can be tailored to accommodate variations in liquid waste stream compositions. The database for Cast Stone short-term performance is quite extensive compared to the other three candidate waste solidification processes. The solidification of liquid wastes in Cast Stone is a mature process in comparison to the other three candidates. Successful production of Cast Stone or Saltstone has been demonstrated from lab-scale monoliths with volumes of cm3 through m3 sized blocks to 210-liter sized drums all the way to the large pours into vaults at Savannah River. To date over 9 million gallons of low activity liquid waste has been solidified and disposed in concrete vaults at Savannah River.

Serne, R. Jeffrey; Westsik, Joseph H.

2011-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

479

Cone compared to CPC as secondary concentrator in tandem with a paraboloidal dish primary  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that the three-dimensional compound parabolic concentrator (3-D CPC), a surface of revolution formed by rotating the 2-D CPC plane profile curve about its axis of symmetry, comes very close to achieving the maximum permissible geometric concentrator factor, given by: C = (D[sub 1]d[sub 2])[sup 2] = 1 sin[sup 2][theta][sub max] where d[sub 1] and d[sub 2] are the entrance and exit diameter, and [theta][sub max] is the half angle of maximum bean divergence. 3-D CPCs can be used as secondary elements to augment the concentration, relax optical tolerances and increase design flexibility of primary solar concentrators. Practical considerations sometimes demand the manufacture of a truncated cone, or compound cones, as a substitute to the 3-D CPC. Such a segmented approximation to the exact profile of the CPC has been previously investigated for the two-dimensional case. Transmission-angel curves, i.e., percentage of parallel rays, uniformly distributed over the entry aperture area, that reach the exit aperture area, were calculated for 3-D CPCs and for right circular cones.

Steinfeld, A. (Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland))

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Hydrothermal alteration in Oregon's Newberry Volcano No. 2: fluid chemistry and secondary-mineral distribution  

SciTech Connect

Newberry 2 was drilled in the caldera floor of Newberry Volcano, Oregon, by the US Geological Survey during 1979-81. The maximum temperature measured was 265C at the bottom of the hole, 932 m below the surface. Rocks recovered fr9om the drill hole are divided into three intervals on the basis of hydrothermal alteration and mineral deposition: (1) 0-290 m consists of unaltered, largely glassy volcanic material, with present temperatures ranging from 20 to 40C; (2) 290-700 m consists of permeable tuff layers, tuff breccia units, and brecciated and fractured rhyodacitic to dacitic lava flows, with temperatures ranging from 40 to 100C; (3) 700-932 m consists of impermeable andesitic to basaltic lava flows that generally show little effect of alteration, interlayered with permeable hydrothermally altered flow breccia, with temperatures gradually increasing from 100 at 700 m to 265C at 932 m. Hydrothermal alteration throughout the system is controlled by rock permeability, temperature, composition of geothermal fluids, and composition and crystallinity of host rocks. Rock alteration consists mainly of replacement of glass by clay minerals and, locally, zeolites, partial replacement of plagioclase phenocrysts by calcite +/- epidote +/- illite, and whole-rock leaching adjacent to fluids channels. Open-space deposition of hydrothermal minerals in fractures, vesicles, and interbreccia pore space is far more abundant than replacement. A cooling shallow convection system in the upper 700 m is indicated by the occurrence of hydrothermal minerals that were deposited in a slightly higher temperature environment than presently exists. Below 700 m, the heat flow is conductive, and fluid flow is controlled by horizontal lava flows. Homogenization temperatures of secondary quartz fluid inclusions were as high as 370C.

Keith, T.E.C.; Mariner, R.H.; Bargar, K.E.; Evans, W.C.; Presser, T.S.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Novel Nonflammable Electrolytes for Secondary Magnesium Batteries and High Voltage Electrolytes for Electrochemcial Supercapacitors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Magnesium has been used successfully in primary batteries, but its use in rechargeable cells has been stymied by the lack of suitable non-aqueous electrolyte that can conduct Mg+2 species, combined with poor stripping and plating properties. The development of a suitable cathode material for rechargeable magnesium batteries has also been a roadblock, but a nonflammable electrolyte is key. Likewise, the development of safe high voltage electrochemical supercapaitors has been stymied by the use of flammable solvents in the liquid electrolyte; to wit, acetonitrile. The purpose of the research conducted in this effort was to identify useful compositions of magnesium salts and polyphosphate solvents that would enable magnesium ions to be cycled within a secondary battery design. The polyphosphate solvents would provide the solvent for the magnesium salts while preventing the electrolyte from being flammable. This would enable these novel electrolytes to be considered as an alternative to THF-based electrolytes. In addition, we explored several of these solvents together with lithium slats for use as high voltage electrolytes for carbon-based electrochemical supercapacitors. The research was successful in that: 1) Magnesium imide dissolved in a phosphate ester solvent that contains a halogented phosphate ester appears to be the preferred electrolyte for a rechargeable Mg cell. 2) A combination of B-doped CNTs and vanadium phosphate appear to be the cathode of choice for a rechargeable Mg cell by virtue of higher voltage and better reversibility. 3) Magnesium alloys appear to perform better than pure magnesium when used in combination with the novel polyphosphate electrolytes. Also, this effort has established that Phoenix Innovationâ??s family of phosphonate/phosphate electrolytes together with specific lithium slats can be used in supercapacitor systems at voltages of greater than 10V.

Dr. Brian Dixon

2008-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

482

Viscosity of ?-pinene secondary organic material and implications for particle growth and reactivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Particles composed of secondary organic material (SOM) are abundant in the lower troposphere and play important roles in climate, air quality, and health. The viscosity of these particles is a fundamental property that is presently poorly quantified for conditions relevant to the lower troposphere. Using two new techniques, namely a bead-mobility technique and a poke-flow technique, in conjunction with simulations of fluid flow, we measure the viscosity of the watersoluble component of SOM produced by ?-pinene ozonolysis. The viscosity is comparable to that of honey at 90% relative humidity (RH), comparable to that of peanut butter at 70% RH and greater than or comparable to that of bitumen for ? 30% RH, implying that the studied SOM ranges from liquid to semisolid/solid at ambient relative humidities. With the Stokes-Einstein relation, the measured viscosities further imply that the growth and evaporation of SOM by the exchange of organic molecules between the gas and condensed phases may be confined to the surface region when RH ? 30%, suggesting the importance of an adsorption-type mechanism for partitioning in this regime. By comparison, for RH ? 70% partitioning of organic molecules may effectively occur by an absorption mechanism throughout the bulk of the particle. Finally, the net uptake rates of semi-reactive atmospheric oxidants such as O3 are expected to decrease by two to five orders of magnitude for a change in RH from 90% to ? 30% RH, with possible implications for the rates of chemical aging of SOM particles in the atmosphere.

Renbaum-Wolff, Lindsay; Grayson, James W.; Bateman, Adam P.; Kuwata, Mikinori; Sellier, Mathieu; Murray, Benjamin J.; Shilling, John E.; Martin, Scot T.; Bertram, Allan K.

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

483

Characterization of Fine Particulate Matter (PM) and Secondary PM Precursor Gases in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area  

SciTech Connect

This project was one of three collaborating grants funded by DOE/ASP to characterize the fine particulate matter (PM) and secondary PM precursors in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) during the MILAGRO Campaign. The overall effort of MCMA-2006, one of the four components, focused on i) examination of the primary emissions of fine particles and precursor gases leading to photochemical production of atmospheric oxidants and secondary aerosol particles; ii) measurement and analysis of secondary oxidants and secondary fine PM production, with particular emphasis on secondary organic aerosol (SOA), and iii) evaluation of the photochemical and meteorological processes characteristic of the Mexico City Basin. The collaborative teams pursued the goals through three main tasks: i) analyses of fine PM and secondary PM precursor gaseous species data taken during the MCMA-2002/2003 campaigns and preparation of publications; ii) planning of the MILAGRO Campaign and deployment of the instrument around the MCMA; and iii) analysis of MCMA-2006 data and publication preparation. The measurement phase of the MILAGRO Campaign was successfully completed in March 2006 with excellent participation from the international scientific community and outstanding cooperation from the Mexican government agencies and institutions. The project reported here was led by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology/Molina Center for Energy and the Environment (MIT/MCE2) team and coordinated with DOE/ASP-funded collaborators at Aerodyne Research Inc., University of Colorado at Boulder and Montana State University. Currently 24 papers documenting the findings from this project have been published. The results from the project have improved significantly our understanding of the meteorological and photochemical processes contributing to the formation of ozone, secondary aerosols and other pollutants. Key findings from the MCMA-2003 include a vastly improved speciated emissions inventory from on-road vehicles: the MCMA motor vehicles produce abundant amounts of primary PM, elemental carbon, particle-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and a wide range of air toxics; the feasibility of using eddy covariance techniques to measure fluxes of volatile organic compounds in an urban core and a valuable tool for validating local emissions inventory; a much better understanding of the sources and atmospheric loadings of volatile organic compounds; the first spectroscopic detection of glyoxal in the atmosphere; a unique analysis of the high fraction of ambient formaldehyde from primary emission sources; characteriz