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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Abies lasiocarpa subalpine fir  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abies lasiocarpa subalpine fir · Needle single, flat in cross-section · Twigs not roughened irregularly serrate · Rough twigs and bark · Riparian #12;Juniperus scopulorum Rocky Mountain juniper

2

69. Red Butte-Red Fir Ridge (Shasta Red Fir) (Imper 1988b, Cheng 1996d)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

69. Red Butte-Red Fir Ridge (Shasta Red Fir) (Imper 1988b, Cheng 1996d) Location This established (fig. 139). Ecological subsection ­ High Cascades (M261Df). Target Element Red Fir (Abies magnifica) Distinctive Features Shasta Red Fir Forest: Taxonomically, the description of Shasta red fir (Abies magnifica

Standiford, Richard B.

3

Predicted new optically pumped FIR molecular lasers  

SciTech Connect

A total of nine CW FIR laser lines are reported from two new FIR laser molecules CH2CHF and S(O-18)2. These two are from a list of twelve candidate molecules that were predicted using a set of selection criteria. The candidate D2(O-18) was tested, but did not lase. Combining these results with independent studies on other candidates, brings the number of proven laser molecules to 4 out of 5 that were tested. These results confirm the value of the selection criteria as a guideline for predicting new optically pumped FIR laser molecules.

Calloway, A.R.; Danielewicz, E.J.

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Low-Noise-Far-Infrared (FIR) Receiver tasks: FIR laser development. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of the Low-Noise Far-Infrared (FIR) Receiver program for FIR laser development were established with the particular goal of improving magnetic fusion diagnostics in tokamak fusion reactors. Development of both FIR sources and receivers can greatly benefit such programs studying controlled nuclear fusion by providing vital data on particle velocity (temperature) and density through scattering measurements. The Department of Energy (DOE), through the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), has funded The Aerospace Corporation to design and implement state-of-the-art techniques in the FIR/near-millimeter-wave spectral region. Specific areas of interest to DOE are portable FIR lasers, near-millimeter-wave mixers, solid-state sources, and the integration of these areas into advanced diagnostic tools for plasma studies. This report documents the work accomplished in those areas of interest.

Foote, F.B.; Danielewicz, E.J.; Galantowicz, T.A.

1984-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

5

Analog FIR Filter Used for Range-Optimal Pulsed Radar Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of implementing the matched filter with an analog FIR filter is proposed. The FIR filter provides a linear phase response which is suitable for radar applications. Analog FIR filters can be implemented in the discrete domain, requiring operational amplifiers...

Su, Eric Chen

2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

6

Multi-Channel FIR HCN Laser Interferometer on HT-7 Tokamak  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Five-channel far-infrared (FIR) hydrogen cyanide (HCN) laser interferometer was developed to measure plasma electron density profile on the HT-7 superconducting tokamak. The structure of the five-channel FIR .....

Y. X. Jie; X. Gao; Y. F. Cheng; K. Yang

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Simulations of a FIR Oscillator with Large Slippage parameter at Jefferson Lab for FIR/UV pump-probe experiments  

SciTech Connect

We previously proposed a dual FEL configuration on the UV Demo FEL at Jefferson Lab that would allow simultaneous lasing at FIR and UV wavelengths. The FIR source would be an FEL oscillator with a short wiggler providing diffraction-limited pulses with pulse energy exceeding 50 microJoules, using the exhaust beam from a UVFEL as the input electron beam. Since the UV FEL requires very short pulses, the input to the FIR FEL is extremely short compared to a slippage length and the usual Slowly Varying Envelope Approximation (SVEA) does not apply. We use a non-SVEA code to simulate this system both with a small energy spread (UV laser off) and with large energy spread (UV laser on).

Benson, Stephen V. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Campbell, L. T. [University of Strathclyde, Glasgow (Great Britain); Daresbury Laboratory and Cockcroft Institute, Warrington (Great Britain); McNeil, B.W.T. [University of Strathclyde, Glasgow (Great Britain); Neil, George R. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Shinn, Michelle D. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Williams, Gwyn P. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States)

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Vegetation and Ecological Characteristics of Mixed-Conifer and Red Fir Forests at  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vegetation and Ecological Characteristics of Mixed-Conifer and Red Fir Forests at The Teakettle Comparisons with Existing Classifications of Mixed-Conifer and Red Fir Forests.....................................................................................23 Intensive Measurements of Mixed-Conifer and Red Fir Forests ............24 Mixed-Conifer Patch

Standiford, Richard B.

9

The FIR-Radio Correlation & Implications for GLAST Observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· if tcool > Bmin ­ Lradio ~ eB3/2: e B · MW: tsyn ~ tIC ~ tesc ~ 107-108 yr · Arp 220: tsyn ~ ? (B ~ ?) tIC ~ 5000 yr tesc ~ ?; tesc > R/vw~ 3x105 yr tIC in Starbursts & FIR-Radio favor tcool tIC, i

Wurtele, Jonathan

10

E-Print Network 3.0 - appalachian spruce fir Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

topography, and potential insolation on the Summary: United States (Noss et al. 1995; White and Miller 1998). Appalachian montane spruce-fir forests... by wind, with natural...

11

Characterisation of pulsed Carbon fiber illuminators for FIR instrument calibration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We manufactured pulsed illuminators emitting in the far infrared for the Planck-HFI bolometric instrument ground calibrations. Specific measurements have been conducted on these light sources, based on Carbon fibers, to understand and predict their properties. We present a modelisation of the temperature dependence of the thermal conductivity and the calorific capacitance of the fibers. A comparison between simulations and bolometer data is given, that shows the coherence of our model. Their small time constants, their stability and their emission spectrum pointing in the submm range make these illuminators a very usefull tool for calibrating FIR instruments.

S. Henrot-Versille; R. Cizeron; F. Couchot

2007-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

12

Characterisation of pulsed Carbon fiber illuminators for FIR instrument calibration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We manufactured pulsed illuminators emitting in the far infrared for the Planck-HFI bolometric instrument ground calibrations. Specific measurements have been conducted on these light sources, based on Carbon fibers, to understand and predict their properties. We present a modelisation of the temperature dependence of the thermal conductivity and the calorific capacitance of the fibers. A comparison between simulations and bolometer data is given, that shows the coherence of our model. Their small time constants, their stability and their emission spectrum pointing in the submm range make these illuminators a very usefull tool for calibrating FIR instruments.

Henrot-Versill, S; Couchot, F

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Poster Paper Annosus Root Disease in Noble Fir Christmas Trees1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Poster Paper #12;Annosus Root Disease in Noble Fir Christmas Trees1 Alan Kanaskie Gene Milbrath and discoloration of 6- to 8-year-old noble fir (Abies procera) Christmas trees at one location in northwestern harvested in 1988 were infected (table 1). Lightly infected trees (less than 12 percent of stump surface

Standiford, Richard B.

14

Quantification and comparison of terpene concentrations in various balsam fir growth forms and foliage ages, and a simulation of moose browsing on balsam fir trees at Isle Royale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pressure are approximately similar (2A% difference) to those reported in a study of white-tailed deer (Odocolleus virginianus) browsing on eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadentis), balsam fir, and 4 deciduous species in Wisconsin (Anderson and Katz 1993), 28... pressure are approximately similar (2A% difference) to those reported in a study of white-tailed deer (Odocolleus virginianus) browsing on eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadentis), balsam fir, and 4 deciduous species in Wisconsin (Anderson and Katz 1993), 28...

Terra-Berns, Mary Helen

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

15

UV and FIR selected star-forming galaxies at z=0: differences and overlaps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study two samples of local galaxies, one is UV (GALEX) selected and the other FIR (IRAS) selected, to address the question whether UV and FIR surveys see the two sides ('bright' and 'dark') of the star formation of the same population of galaxies or two different populations of star forming galaxies. No significant difference between the L$_{tot}$ ($=L_{60}+L_{FUV}$) luminosity functions of the UV and FIR samples is found. Also, after the correction for the `Malmquist bias' (bias for flux limited samples), the FIR-to-UV ratio v.s. L$_{tot}$ relations of the two samples are consistent with each other. In the range of $9 \\la \\log(L_{tot}/L_\\sun) \\la 12$, both can be approximated by a simple linear relation of $\\log (L_{60}/L_{FUV})=\\log(L_{tot}/L_\\sun)-9.66$. These are consistent with the hypothesis that the two samples represent the same population of star forming galaxies, and their well documented differences in L$_{tot}$ and in FIR-to-UV ratio are due only to the selection effect. A comparison between the UV luminosity functions shows marginal evidence for a population of faint UV galaxies missing in the FIR selected sample. The contribution from these 'FIR-quiet' galaxies to the overall UV population is insignificant, given that the K-band luminosity functions (i.e. the stellar mass functions) of the two samples do not show any significant difference.

C. Kevin Xu; Veronique Buat; Jorge Iglesias-Pramo; Tsutomu T. Takeuchi; Tom A. Barlow; Luciana Bianchi; Jose Donas; Karl Forster; Timothy M. Heckman; Patrick N. Jelinsky; Young-Wook Lee; Barry F. Madore; Roger F. Malina; D. Christopher Martin; Bruno Milliard; Patrick Morrissey; R. Michael Rich; Susan G. Neff; David Schiminovich; Oswald H. W. Siegmund; Todd Small; Alex S. Szalay; Barry Y. Welsh; Ted K. Wyder; Sukyoung Yi

2006-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

16

Experimental Determination of Droplet Impaction on Canopy Components of Balsam Fir  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The capture efficiencies of balsam fir [Abies balsamea (L.) Mill] canopy components for monodisperse glycerin droplets were measured in a low-speed wind tunnel. Droplets were produced at sizes and wind speeds typical of cloudy conditions in a ...

Philip G. Thorne; Gary M. Lovett; William A. Reiners

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

E-Print Network 3.0 - appalachian spruce-fir forest Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HardwoodsSpruce-Fir Open Upland Brush Lowland Brush UrbanBare Rock CedarMixed Conifer 12;... Ford Forestry Center and Research Forest Historical Stand Cover (c. 1956)...

18

Researchers Borrow From Fir Tree to Create Biodiesel | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Researchers Borrow From Fir Tree to Create Biodiesel Researchers Borrow From Fir Tree to Create Biodiesel Researchers Borrow From Fir Tree to Create Biodiesel December 12, 2011 - 3:59pm Addthis Rajit Sapar analyzes samples at the Joint BioEnergy Institute's lab. | Photo by Roy Kaltschmidt at Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. Rajit Sapar analyzes samples at the Joint BioEnergy Institute's lab. | Photo by Roy Kaltschmidt at Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science One of the best parts of the season - next to presents of course - is the hint of evergreen in the air. Yet the sweet smell doesn't last. It fades into forgotten corners, along with unused gift cards. But it doesn't have to be that way. In fact, researchers at the Office of Science's Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) have discovered a way to keep

19

Optimal linear phase FIR filter design using particle swarm optimization with constriction factor and inertia weight approach with wavelet mutation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, Particle Swarm Optimization with Constriction Factor and Inertia Weight Approach is hybridized with Wavelet Mutation PSOCFIWA-WM strategy for the optimal design of linear phase FIR filters. Real coded genetic algorithm RGA, particle swarm ... Keywords: Band Pass, Band Stop, Convergence, Evolutionary Optimization Technique, Fir Filter, High Pass, Low Pass, Magnitude Response, Pso, Psocfiwa, Psocfiwa-Wm, Rga

S. K. Saha; R. Kar; D. Mandal; S. P. Ghoshal

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Vegetation and Ecological Charactistics of Mixed-Conifer and Red Fir Forests at the Teakettle Experimental Forest Figure 37--Density of tree seed-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vegetation and Ecological Charactistics of Mixed-Conifer and Red Fir Forests at the Teakettle,900 and 2,300 m, mixed-conifer forest predominates, although red fir is locally common along riparian.38 #12;Vegetation and Ecological Characteristics of Mixed-Conifer and Red Fir Forests at the Teakettle

Standiford, Richard B.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Oyamel fir forest trunks provide thermal advantages for overwintering monarch butterflies in Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oyamel fir forest trunks provide thermal advantages for overwintering monarch butterflies in Mexico, UniversidadNacionalAutonomadeMexico,AntiguaCarreteraaPa´ tzcuaro,Morelia,Michoacan,Mexico,5 InstitutodeGeografi´aCiudad Universitaria,UniversidadNacionalAutonomadeMexico,Coyoacan,MexicoD.F.,Mexico,6 Departmentof

Williams, Ernest H.

22

Nutrient cycling and distribution in different-aged plantations of Chinese fir in southern China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nutrient cycling and distribution in different-aged plantations of Chinese fir in southern China in revised form 25 January 2007; accepted 7 February 2007 Abstract The distribution in tree biomass), potassium (K), calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) were measured in young, middle-aged and mature plantations (8

Heal, Kate

23

[)r PAR1 rMF.Nr o Dr (.FIrMr( A .IF]CNC)I,OGIi,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[)r PAR1 rMF.Nr o Dr (.FIrMr( A E .IF]CNC)I,OGIi, f)?]I I-ARMACo @ ;^.*r.l-EN,.m BANDO Dl SELEZIONE

Guidoni, Leonardo

24

An Efficient Arithmetic Sum-of-Product (SOP) based Multiplication Approach for FIR Filters and DFT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the output of a FIR filter is the weighted sum of the current value and a finite number of previous values of the input. An important property of FIR filters is their inherent stability due to the lack of feedback from the output. Y (n) = N?1 ? l=0 x(n... . . . . . . +++ . . . . . .+ + + + MCM z?1 z?1 z?1 z?1 a) Direct Form Realization z?1 z?1 z?1 z?1 b) Transposed Direct Form Realization c0 c1 c2 c3 cN?1 cN?3cN?1 c0cN?2 x(n) x(n) SOP Y (n) Y (n) cN?4 Fig. I.1. Implementation of DFT The previous approaches for solving...

Kumar, Rajeev

2013-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

25

Variation in wood anatomical structure of Douglas-fir defoliated by the western spruce budworm: a case study in the coastal-transitional zone of British Columbia, Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An outbreak of the western spruce budworm temporarily modifies cellular wood anatomy of stem wood in natural and mature Douglas-fir stands impacting wood quality properties.

J. N. Axelson; A. Bast; R. Alfaro; D. J. Smith; H. Grtner

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Please cite this article in press as: Hart, S.J., Laroque, C.P., Searching for thresholds in climateradial growth rela-tionships of Engelmann spruce and subalpine fir, Jasper National Park, Alberta, Canada. Dendrochronologia (2012),  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in climate­radial growth rela- tionships of Engelmann spruce and subalpine fir, Jasper National Park, Alberta for thresholds in climate­radial growth relationships of Engelmann spruce and subalpine fir, Jasper National Park

Walters, Bradley B.

27

The UV to FIR spectral energy distribution of star-forming galaxies in the redshift desert  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the rest-frame UV-to-near-IR spectral energy distribution (SED) of Lyman break galaxies (LBGs), star-forming (SF) BzK (sBzK), and UV-selected galaxies at 1.5 deep FIR data taken within the framework of the GOODS-Herschel project. According to their best-fitted SED-derived properties we find that, due to their selection criterion involving UV measurements, LBGs tend to be UV-brighter, bluer, have less prominent Balmer break (are younger), and have higher dust-corrected total SFR than sBzK galaxies. In a color versus stellar mass diagram, LBGs at z ~ 2 tend to be mostly located over the blue cloud of galaxies at their redshift, although galaxies with older ages, higher dust attenuation, and redder UV continuum slope deviate to the green valley and red sequence. We find PACS (100um or 160um) individual detection...

Oteo, I; Magdis, G; Prez-Garca, A M; Cepa, J; Cedrs, B; Snchez, H Domnguez; Ederoclite, A; Snchez-Portal, M; Prez-Martnez, R; Pintos-Castro, I; Polednikova, J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Density effects on the conifer mortality in declining spruce-fir forest in northern Japan: Implication of bark beetle attack to, cause spruce decline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examined mortality patterns of two conifer species in relation to tree abundance and species composition in a declining spruce-fir forest in Akan National park, Hokkaido, northern...Picea jezoensis (Sieb. et Z...

Kenichi Ozaki; Kenji Fukuyama; Kaoru Maet; Kensuke Itoh

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

2-Methoxyestradiol, an Endogenous Estrogen Metabolite, Sensitizes Radioresistant MCF-7/FIR Breast Cancer Cells Through Multiple Mechanisms  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The requirement for a well-tolerated and highly effective radiosensitizer that preferentially sensitizes tumor cells at multiple levels of radioresistance remains largely unmet. 2-Methoxyestradiol (2ME) has polypharmacological profiles that target multiple signaling pathways involved in the development of radioresistance. In the current study, we investigated the radiosensitizing effect of 2ME on the radioresistant breast cancer MCF-7/FIR cell line and explored the underlying mechanisms. Methods and Materials: The radiosensitizing effect of 2ME was evaluated on the basis of cell death and clonogenic survival. Formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), apoptosis, and cell cycle progression were assessed by flow cytometry. Radiation-induced DNA damage was evaluated on the basis of histone {gamma}-H2AX phosphorylation and foci formation. Immunoblotting was used to assess the effects of {gamma} radiation and/or 2ME on radioresistance pathways. Results: Our data demonstrate that MCF-7/FIR cells expressed higher levels of Bcl-2 and HIF-1{alpha} and displayed a lower ROS phenotype than the parental MCF-7 cells. Treatment of parental MCF-7 cells with 2ME (0.5 {mu}M) had minimal effect on {gamma} radiation-induced cell proliferation and surviving fractions. On the contrary, in MCF-7/FIR cells, treatment with 2ME significantly enhanced {gamma} radiation-induced reduction in cell proliferation and surviving fraction. This combination was effective in activating apoptosis, arresting the cell cycle at the G{sub 2}/M phase, and increasing the level of {gamma} radiation-induced ROS and the number of {gamma}-H2AX foci. In addition, 2ME significantly ameliorated {gamma} radiation-induced expression of the HIF-1{alpha} transcription factor and its downstream targets AKT/mTOR. Conclusion: 2ME preferentially sensitizes radioresistant MCF-7/FIR cells to {gamma} radiation by targeting multiple signaling pathways involved in the development of radioresistance. This polypharmacological profile qualifies 2ME as a promising radiosensitizer in the treatment of radioresistant breast cancer cells and warrants systematic preclinical and clinical studies.

Salama, Salama, E-mail: salama@bcm.ed [Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas (United States); Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas (United States); Diaz-Arrastia, Concepcion; Patel, Deepa; Botting, Shaleen [Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas (United States); Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas (United States); Hatch, Sandra [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas (United States)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Similarity of nutrient uptake and root dimensions of Engelmann spruce and subalpine fir at two contrasting sites in Colorado  

SciTech Connect

Nutrient uptake capacity is an important parameter in modeling nutrient uptake by plants. Researchers commonly assume that uptake capacity measured for a species can be used across sites. We tested this assumption by measuring the nutrient uptake capacity of intact roots of Engelmann spruce (Picea engelmanni Parry) and subalpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa (Hook.) Nutt.) at Loch Vale Watershed and Fraser Experimental Forest in the Rocky Mountains of central Colorado. Roots still attached to the tree were exposed to one of three concentrations of nutrient solutions for time periods ranging from 1 to 96 hours, and solutions were analyzed for ammonium, nitrate, calcium, magnesium, and potassium. Surprisingly, the two species were indistinguishable in nutrient uptake within site for all nutrients (P > 0.25), but uptake rates differed by site. In general, nutrient uptake was higher at Fraser (P = 0.01, 0.15, 0.03, 0.18 for NH{sub 4}{sup +}, NO{sub 3}{sup -}, Ca{sup 2+}, and K{sup +}, respectively), which is west of the Continental Divide and has lower atmospheric deposition of N than Loch Vale. Mean uptake rates by site for ambient solution concentrations were 0.12 {micro}mol NH{sub 4}{sup +} g{sub fwt}{sup -1} h{sup -1}, 0.02 {micro}mol NO{sub 3}{sup -} g{sub fwt}{sup -1}, 0.21 {micro}mol Ca{sup 2+} g{sub fwt}{sup -1} h{sup -1}, and 0.01 {micro}mol Mg{sup 2+} g{sub fwt}{sup -1} h{sup -1} at Loch Vale, and 0.21 {micro}mol NH{sub 4}{sup +} f{sub fwt}{sup -1}h{sup -1}, 0.04 {micro}mol NO{sub 3}{sup -} g{sub fwt}{sup -1} h{sup -1}, 0.51 {micro}mol Ca{sup 2+}g{sub fwt}{sup -1}h{sup -1}, and 0.07 {micro}mol Mg{sup 2+} f{sub fwt}{sup -1}h{sup -1} at Fraser. The importance of site conditions in determining uptake capacity should not be overlooked when parameterizing nutrient uptake models. We also characterized the root morphology of these two species and compared them to other tree species we have measured at various sites in the northeastern USA. Engelman spruce and subalpine fir were indistinguishable in specific root length and diameter distribution, while most of the other ten species had statistically distinct diameter distributions across five diameter classes < 2 mm. Based on specific root length, subalpine fir and Engelmann spruce had significantly coarser roots than red pine (Pinus resinosa Soland), yellow birch (Betula allegheniensis Britt.), sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.), chestnut oak (Quercus prinus L.), black cherry (Prunus serotina Ehrh.), and red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.). White oak (Quercus alba L.), balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.), American beech (Fagus grandifolia Ehrh.) and loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) were intermediate in SRL (indistinguishable from Engelmann spruce and subalpine fir by ANOVA). Species that differ more in physiology and morphology than the two species we compared would likely show dissimilar uptake characteristics even at the same site.

Yanai, R; McFarlane, K; Lucash, M; Kulpa, S; Wood, D

2009-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

31

Effects of acidic deposition on nutrient uptake, nutrient cycling and growth processes of vegetation in the spruce-fir ecosystem  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes progress in three years of field research designed to evaluate biological and chemical indicators of the current and future health of the Southern Appalachian spruce-fir ecosystem. The emphasis of this research has been on the identification and understanding of mechanisms through which current levels of acidic deposition are impacting ecosystem processes. The identification of these principal mechanisms and key biological indicators of change was designed to improve our capabilities to detect, monitor, and assess the effects of air quality regulations and attendant future air quality changes on ecosystem response. Individual research tasks focused on the following research areas: (1) the significance of foliar uptake of atmospheric sources of nitrogen in relationship to plant utilization of N from available soil reserves; (2) linkages between atmospheric inputs to the soil surface, solution chemistry, and decomposition in the upper organic soil horizons; (3) effects of soil solution chemistry on uptake of cations and aluminum by fine roots; and (4) the effects of varying rates of calcium supply on carbon metabolism of Fraser fir and red spruce, and the relationship between calcium levels in wood cells and integrity of wood formed in bole and branches. Each of the individual tasks was designed to focus upon a mechanism or process that we consider critical to understanding chemical and biological linkages. These linkages will be important determinants in understanding the basis of past and potential future responses of the high elevation Southern Appalachian Forest to acidic deposition and other co-occurring environmental stresses. This report contains (1) background and rationale for the research undertaken in 1992-94; (2) a summary of principal research findings; (3) publications from this research; and (4) characterization of data sets produced by this research which will be the basis of future research, analyses and/or publications.

McLaughlin, S.B.; Garten, C.T.; Wullschleger, S.D. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [and others

1996-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

32

Vegetation and Ecological Characteristics of Mixed-Conifer and Red Fir Forests at the Teakettle Experimental Forest Anonymous. 1970. Recommendations for an international standard for a mapping method in bird  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vegetation and Ecological Characteristics of Mixed-Conifer and Red Fir Forests at the Teakettle-1192. Fiegener, Rob. 2002. A fire history of mixed conifer at the Teakettle Experimental Forest. Unpublished Experimental Forest References Anonymous. 1970. Recommendations for an international standard for a mapping

Standiford, Richard B.

33

Vegetation and Ecological Charactistics of Mixed-Conifer and Red Fir Forests at the Teakettle Experimental Forest in tree clusters or, where unobstructed in gaps there are few trees. Although the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vegetation and Ecological Charactistics of Mixed-Conifer and Red Fir Forests at the Teakettle requirement, many forest inventories in mixed conifer may not produce accurate estimates of mean basal area Patch Conditions Mixed-conifer forests do not have continuous canopy cover, and vegetation is highly

Standiford, Richard B.

34

Post-1935 changes in forest vegetation of Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona, USA: Part 2Mixed conifer, spruce-fir, and quaking aspen forests  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examined changes in never-harvested mixed conifer (MCF), spruce-fir (SFF), and quaking aspen forests (QAF) in Grand Canyon National Park (GCNP), Arizona, USA based on repeat sampling of two sets of vegetation study plots, one originally sampled in 1935 and the other in 1984. The 1935 plots are the earliest-known, sample-intensive, quantitative documentation of forest vegetation over a Southwest USA landscape. Findings documented that previously described increases in densities and basal areas attributed to fire exclusion were followed by decreases in 19352004 and 19842005. Decreases in MCF were attributable primarily to quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides) and white fir (Abies concolor), but there were differences between dry-mesic and moist-mesic MCF subtypes. Decreases in SFF were attributable to quaking aspen, spruce (Picea engelmannii+Picea pungens), and subalpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa). Decreases in QAF resulted from the loss of quaking aspen during succession. Changes in ponderosa pine forest (PPF) are described in a parallel paper (Vankat, J.L., 2011. Post-1935 changes in forest vegetation of Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona, USA: part 1 ponderosa pine forest. Forest Ecology and Management 261, 309325). Graphical synthesis of historical and modern MCF data sets for GCNP indicated tree densities and basal areas increased from the late 19th to the mid 20th century and then decreased to the 21st century. Changes began earlier, occurred more rapidly, and/or were larger at higher elevation. Plot data showed that basal area decreased earlier and/or more rapidly than density and that decreases from 1935 to 2004 resulted in convergence among MCF, SFF, and PPF. If GCNP coniferous forests are trending toward conditions present before fire exclusion, this implies density and basal area were more similar among these forests in the late 19th century than in 1935. Changes in MCF and SFF can be placed in a general framework of forest accretion, inflection, and recession in which increases in tree density and basal area are followed by an inflection point and decreases. Accretion was triggered by the exogenous factor of fire exclusion, and inflection and recession apparently were driven by the endogenous factor of density-dependent mortality combined with exogenous factors such as climate. Although the decreases in density and basal area could be unique to GCNP, it is likely that the historical study plots provided a unique opportunity to quantitatively determine forest trends since 1935. This documentation of post-1935 decreases in MCF and SFF densities and basal areas indicates a shift in perspective on Southwestern forests is needed.

John L. Vankat

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Population differentiation in tree-ring growth response of white fir (Abies concolor) to climate: Implications for predicting forest responses to climate change  

SciTech Connect

Forest succession models and correlative models have predicted 200--650 kilometer shifts in the geographic range of temperate forests and forest species as one response to global climate change. Few studies have investigated whether population differences may effect the response of forest species to climate change. This study examines differences in tree-ring growth, and in the phenotypic plasticity of tree-ring growth in 16-year old white fir, Abies concolor, from ten populations grown in four common gardens in the Sierra Nevada of California. For each population, tree-ring growth was modelled as a function of precipitation and degree-day sums. Tree-ring growth under three scenarios of doubled C0{sub 2} climates was estimated.

Jensen, D.B.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Stand-Level Gas-Exchange Responses to Seasonal Drought in Very Young Versus Old Douglas-fir Forests of the Pacific Northwest, USA  

SciTech Connect

This study examines how stand age affects ecosystem mass and energy exchange response to seasonal drought in three adjacent Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) forests. The sites include two early seral stands (ES) (0-15 years old) and an old-growth (OG) ({approx} 450-500) forest in the Wind River Experiment Forest, Washington, USA. We use eddy covariance flux measurements of carbon dioxide (F{sub NEE}), latent energy ({lambda}E) and sensible heat (H) to derive evapotranspiration rate (E{sub T}), bowen ratio ({beta}), water use efficiency (WUE), canopy conductance (G{sub c}), the Priestley-Taylor coefficient ({alpha}) and a canopy decoupling factor ({Omega}). The canopy and bulk parameters are examined to see how ecophysiological responses to water stress, including changes in available soil water ({theta}{sub r}) and vapor pressure deficit ({delta}e) differ among the two forest successional-stages. Despite very different rainfall patterns in 2006 and 2007, we observed distinct successional-stage relationships between E{sub T}, {alpha}, and G{sub c} to {delta}e and {theta}{sub r} during both years. The largest stand differences were (1) higher morning G{sub c} (> 10 mm s{sup -1}) at the OG forest coinciding with higher CO{sub 2} uptake (F{sub NEE} = -9 to -6 {micro}mol m{sup -2} s{sup -1}) but a strong negative response in G{sub c} to moderate {delta}e later in the day and a subsequent reduction in E{sub T}, and (2) higher E{sub T} at the ES stands because midday canopy conductance did not decrease until very low water availability levels (<30%) were reached at the end of the summer. Our results suggest that early seral stands are more likely than mature forests to experience declines in production if the summer drought becomes longer or intensifies because water conserving ecophysiological responses were only observed at the very end of the seasonal drought period in the youngest stands.

Wharton, S; Schroeder, M; Bible, K; Falk, M; Paw U, K T

2009-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

37

First results from the FPGA/NIOS Adaptive FIR Filter Using Linear Prediction Implemented in the AERA Radio Stations to Reduce Narrow Band RFI for Radio Detection of Cosmic Rays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The FPGA/NIOS FIR filter based on linear prediction (LP) to suppress radio frequency interference (RFI) has been installed in several radio stations in the Auger Engineering Radio Array (AERA) experiment. AERA observes coherent radio emission from extensive air showers induced by ultra-high-energy cosmic rays to make a detailed study of the development of the electromagnetic part of air showers. Radio signals provide complementary information to that obtained from Auger surface detectors, which are predominantly sensitive to the particle content of an air shower at the surface. The radio signals from air showers are caused by the coherent emission due to geomagnetic and charge-excess processes. These emissions can be observed in the frequency band between 10 - 100 MHz. However, this frequency range is significantly contaminated by narrow-band RFI and other human-made distortions. A FIR filter implemented in the FPGA logic segment of the front-end electronics of a radio sensor significantly improves the signal...

Szadkowski, Zbigniew; Timmermans, C

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Design and analysis of FIR filters based on Matlab.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? In digital control system, interference, which is mixed in the input signal, has a great influence on the performance of the system. Therefore, processing (more)

Peng, Su

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Cytokinin nucleotides contents in sexual buds of Douglas-fir  

SciTech Connect

Cytokinin nucleotides were extracted from male and female buds of Pseudotsuga menxiesii by 10 % perchloric acid. They were prepurified on cation exchanger columns (CBA, Amersham) and then separated by two HPLC systems. The first one (Partisil 10 SAX, 10{mu}m, Wathman) separates the mono-, di- and tri-phosphates groups which were collected. The second one (Ultraspher, 5 {mu}m, Beckman) separates the cytokinin nucleotides inside each group. After separation, cytokinin nucleotides were assayed by radioimmunoassay with anti ribosyl zeatin (RZ) and anti isopentenyladenosine (iPA) antibodies. The analysis showed in the monophosphate (mono-P) group one immunoreactant peak in RZ fraction which co-chromatographied with RZ-5{prime}-mono-P and two peaks in the iPA fraction. One of them co-chromatographied with iPA-5{prime}-mono-P. In the diphosphate group, there were three peaks which reacted with anti RZ antibodies and one with anti iPA antibodies. The nucleotides obtained after the first HPLC system, were hydrolysed by a 5{prime}-nucleotidase showed compounds co-chromatographing with RZ and iPA. We did not observe any qualitative differences between the male and female buds. This is the first evidence of cytokinin nucleotides in tissue from woody plants.

Imbault, N.; Doumas, P.; Bonnet-Masimbert, N. (INRA Station, Ardon (France)); Pethe, C.; Laloue, M. (CNRS Physiologie, Gif-sur-Yvette (France))

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

A syncrhronized FIR/VUV light source at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

This slide show presents an introduction to Free-Electron Lasers (FELs) and what makes the JLab FELs unique. Ways of exploring the nature of matter with the FEL are shown, including applications in the THz, IR, UV, and VUV. The Jefferson Lab FEL Facility is unique in its high average brightness in the THz, and IR -- VUV spectral regions and Sub ps-pulses at MHz repetition rates. With an installation of a rebuilt 'F100' cryomodule the linac energy will increase to > 150MeV. This will permit lasing further into the UV and extend VUV. With the swap of our CEBAF-style cryounit for an improved booster, we could lase in the VUV. Addition of a wiggler and optical cavity slightly canted from the UV beamline would allow simultaneous lasing of UV and THz for high E-field 2 color experiments.

Shinn, Michelle D. [JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States)

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Guiding Douglas-fir Seed Selection in Europe Under Changing Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Germany S. Germany Italy Central Europe Coastal Balkans Balkans Romania Turkey Planting Sites Spain 300 20(°C) 0.0001 0.001 0.1 1 Random forest class probability Turkey Romania Balkans Coastal Balkans Central Southern UK Scotland Norway Finland Turkey Romania Balkans Coastal Balkans Central Europe Poland Eastern

Hamann, Andreas

42

The 7-channel FIR HCN Interferometer on J-TEXT Tokamak  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A seven-channel far-infrared hydrogen cyanide (HCN) laser interferometer has been established aiming to provide the line integrated plasma density for the J-TEXT experimental scenarios. A continuous wave glow discharge HCN laser designed with a cavity length 3.4 m is used as the laser source with a wavelength of 337 {\\mu}m and an output power up to 100 mW. The system is configured as a Mach-Zehnder type interferometer. Phase modulation is achieved by a rotating grating, with a modulation frequency of 10 kHz which corresponds to the temporal resolution of 0.1 ms. The beat signal is detected by TGS detector. The phase shift induced by the plasma is derived by the comparator with a phase sensitivity of 0.06 fringe. The experimental results measured by the J-TEXT interferometer are presented in details. In addition, the inversed electron density profile done by a conventional approach is also given. The kinematic viscosity of dimethyl silicone and vibration control is key issues for the system performance. The laser power stability under different kinematic viscosity of silicone oil is presented. A visible improvement of measured result on vibration reduction is shown in the paper.

Wei Chen; L. Gao; J. Chen; Q. Li; Z. J. Wang; G. Zhuang

2011-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

43

Overstory/understory relationships in old growth Grand fir habitat types of northeast Oregon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

limber ol Ides I I PIPOIPHD Numbsf ol sitils 182A 21D 85C 140E 32E 158 51E Sdl Type 182A 21D 85C 86C 1828 ID7D 78D Scil Type 85C 1528 Swl Type I 82A ISD 312D 31 3E Scil Type 51E TamaraSyrupcresk conlplex, 0 lo 15 pwcent... limber ol Ides I I PIPOIPHD Numbsf ol sitils 182A 21D 85C 140E 32E 158 51E Sdl Type 182A 21D 85C 86C 1828 ID7D 78D Scil Type 85C 1528 Swl Type I 82A ISD 312D 31 3E Scil Type 51E TamaraSyrupcresk conlplex, 0 lo 15 pwcent...

Schreder, Peter Todd

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

44

MECHANO-SORPTIVE DEFORMATION OF DOUGLAS-FIR SPECIMENS UNDER TANGENTIAL TENSILE STRESS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

observed in wooden beams (Armstrong and Kingston 1960; Armstrong and Christensen 196I). The magnitude conditions (Armstrong and Kingston 1962; Hearmon and Paton 1964). In particular, a reduction in MC causes deformation in bending and tension in- creasesmarkedly, even after allowanceis made for swelling (Armstrong

45

Catalytic microwave torrefaction and pyrolysis of Douglas fir pellet to improve biofuel quality .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The aims of this dissertation were to understand the effects of torrefaction as pretreatment on biomass pyrolysis and catalytic pyrolysis for improving biofuel quality, and (more)

[No author

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Plant-Soil Feedbacks and Subalpine Fir Facilitation in Aspen-Conifer Forests.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis includes two studies. The first study examined changes in soil characteristics as a result of prolonged conifer dominance in successional aspen-conifer forests. Changing (more)

Buck, Joshua R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

The Lost Research of Early Northeastern Spruce-Fir Experimental A Tale of Lost Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

). The northern conifer forest extends from eastern Canada and Maine into the Adirondack Mountains of New York. These forests are characterized by a mixture of conifer species and northern hardwoods in varying proportions, Northern Research Station, Orono, ME and Burlington, VT #12;forests are described as northern mixed conifer

48

Spectroscopic FIR mapping of the disk and galactic wind of M82 with Herschel-PACS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[Abridged] We present maps of the main cooling lines of the neutral atomic gas ([OI] at 63 and 145 micron and [CII] at 158 micron) and in the [OIII] 88 micron line of the starburst galaxy M82, carried out with the PACS spectrometer on board the Herschel satellite. By applying PDR modeling we derive maps of the main ISM physical parameters, including the [CII] optical depth, at unprecedented spatial resolution (~300 pc). We can clearly kinematically separate the disk from the outflow in all lines. The [CII] and [OI] distributions are consistent with PDR emission both in the disk and in the outflow. Surprisingly, in the outflow, the atomic and the ionized gas traced by the [OIII] line both have a deprojected velocity of ~75 km/s, very similar to the average velocity of the outflowing cold molecular gas (~ 100 km/s) and several times smaller than the outflowing material detected in Halpha (~ 600 km/s). This suggests that the cold molecular and neutral atomic gas and the ionized gas traced by the [OIII] 88 micron...

Contursi, A; Graci-Carpio, J; Veilleux, S; Sturm, E; Fischer, J; Verma, A; Hailey-Dunsheath, S; Lutz, D; Davies, R; Gonzlez-Alfonso, E; Sternberg, A; Genzel, R; Tacconi, L

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Reliability models for finger joint strength and stiffness properties in Douglas-fir visual laminating grades  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

combination of formaldehyde, phenol, resorcinol, melamine, or urea. Two of the most common are melamine-urea resins and phenol-resorcinol resins. Melamine-urea resins are colorless liquids and are prepared by mixing powdered resins at a 60:40 melamine... . This curing is usually accomplished with r adiofr equency (RF ) heating. Phenol-resorcinol resins are dark reddish liquids and are prepared by adding powdered hardeners such as formaldehyde. They are popular in the laminating industry because they can...

Burk, Allan Gerard

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Use of LiDAR to estimate stand characteristics for thinning operations in young Douglas-fir plantations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) has been successfully used to describe a wide range of forest metrics at local, regional and national scales. However, little research has used this technology in young Doug...

Michael S Watt; Andrew Meredith; Pete Watt

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Estimation of population structure in coastal Douglas-fir [Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco var. menziesii] using allozyme and microsatellite markers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

al. 2001; Yu et al. 2006; Camus-Kulandaivelua et al. 2007).of 375 maize inbred lines (Camus-Kulandaivelu et al. 2006).Bot Gaz 136:290298 Camus-Kulandaivelu L, Veyrieras J-B,

Krutovsky, Konstantin V.; St. Clair, John Bradley; Saich, Robert; Hipkins, Valerie D.; Neale, David B.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

LIQUEFACTION OF DOUGLAS FIR WOOD SLURRIES TITRATION OF ACIDS AND ANIONS IN AQUEOUS PRODUCT AND FEED SLURRIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Applications for Industry, Biomass Energy Systems DivisionU.S. Department of Energy, Biomass Energy Systems Division,

Davis, Hubert G.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

IEE Electronics Letters, vol. 34, no. 19, pp. 18171819, 1998. A Lowpower Coefficient Segmentation Algorithm for FIR Filter Implementation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ordering [1], choice of appropriate coding techniques [2,3], and the application of high level be generalised to filters with multipliers using other data representations such as sign magnitude etc. Fig.1 A flow chart of the algorithm Implementation: The flow chart in Figure 1 illustrates the main stages

Arslan, Tughrul

54

Spruce Forests (Norway and Sitka Spruce, Including Douglas Fir): Carbon and Water Fluxes and Balances, Ecological and Ecophysiological Determinants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Natural forests with a high percentage of spruce will be found in Europe only in subalpine and alpine regions or in the boreal forests of Scandinavia and Russia. Nevertheless, spruce belongs to the most import...

C. Bernhofer; M. Aubinet; R. Clement

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

International Journal of Infrared and Millimeter Waves, VoL 8, No. 6, 1987 NEW FIR LASER LINES AND FREQUENCY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by Dyubko et al. (5) who found 70 cw transitions ranging from 180 to 1300 ~m. Subsequently, Danielewicz

Cohen, Ronald C.

56

Harvest residue management effects on tree growth and ecosystem carbon in a Chinese fir plantation in subtropical China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Total C accumulation in forest biomass ranged between 82.9 and 95.4...?1...at age 15. On average, foliage contained 7.3%, branch wood 6.0%, stem wood 60.9%, stem bark 10.1 ... , and roots 15.7% of total biomass

Zhiqun Huang; Zongming He; Xiaohua Wan; Zhenhong Hu; Shaohui Fan

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Marketing Strategies for Commercializing the Small Diameter Douglas-fir  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Marketing Strategies the current status of the subject matter of a project/report". #12;WOOD 465 ASSIGNMENT Marketing Strategies may think of this huge market and find a new way to commercialize our small diameter Douglas

58

Measured speed versus true speed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The theoretical predictions, derived from the Lorentz and the Tangherlini transformations, for the one-way speed of any physical entity are confronted with the corresponding expressions for the one-way measured speed obtained from a gedanken experiment. The experiment demonstrates that, for an inertial frame $K'$ in motion relative to an inertial frame $K$ where the one-way speed of light is isotropic, even the special theory of relativity renders the one-way speed of light as function of the velocity of $K'$ in agreement with the Tangherlini transformations. However, the two-way speed of light remains constant for all inertial frames, in agreement with the two-way experimental techniques. This implies that there must exist \\emph{one and only one} inertial frame where the one-way speed of light is isotropic. These investigations also show how we can determine, with certain restrictions, the true speed of a physical entity and of the true speed of $K'$ relative to $K$.

Israel Perez

2010-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

59

True Electric LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

True Electric LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: True Electric LLC Place: Texas References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id...

60

Final Report fir DE-SC0005507 (A1618): The Development of an Improved Cloud Microphysical Product for Model and Remote Sensing Evaluation using RACORO Observations  

SciTech Connect

We proposed to analyze data collected during the Routine Aerial Facilities (AAF) Clouds with Low Optical Water Depths (CLOWD) Optical Radiative Observations (RACORO) in order to develop an integrated product of cloud microphysical properties (number concentration of drops in different size bins, total liquid drop concentration integrated over all bin sizes, liquid water content LWC, extinction of liquid clouds, effective radius of water drops, and radar reflectivity factor) that could be used to evaluate large-eddy simulations (LES), general circulation models (GCMs) and ground-based remote sensing retrievals, and to develop cloud parameterizations with the end goal of improving the modeling of cloud processes and properties and their impact on atmospheric radiation. We have completed the development of this microphysical database. we investigated the differences in the size distributions measured by the Cloud and Aerosol Spectrometer (CAS) and the Forward Scattering Probe (FSSP), between the one dimensional cloud imaging probe (1DC) and the two-dimensional cloud imaging probe (2DC), and between the bulk LWCs measured by the Gerber probe against those derived from the size resolved probes.

McFarquhar, Greg M.

2012-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Extraction of Maltol from Fraser Fir: A Comparison of Microwave-Assisted Extraction and Conventional Heating Protocols for the Organic Chemistry Laboratory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Second-Year Undergraduate; Hands-On Learning/Manipulatives; Laboratory Instruction; Organic Chemistry; Green Chemistry; Separation Science; NMR Spectroscopy; Acids/Bases; Student-Centered Learning; Inquiry-Based/Discovery Learning ...

Andrew S. Koch; Clio A. Chimento; Allison N. Berg; Farah D. Mughal; Jean-Paul Spencer; Douglas E. Hovland; Bessie Mbadugha; Allan K. Hovland; Leah R. Eller

2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

62

UV-TO-FIR ANALYSIS OF SPITZER/IRAC SOURCES IN THE EXTENDED GROTH STRIP. II. PHOTOMETRIC REDSHIFTS, STELLAR MASSES, AND STAR FORMATION RATES  

SciTech Connect

Based on the ultraviolet to far-infrared photometry already compiled and presented in a companion paper (Paper I), we present a detailed spectral energy distribution (SED) analysis of nearly 80,000 IRAC 3.6 + 4.5 {mu}m selected galaxies in the Extended Groth Strip. We estimate photometric redshifts, stellar masses, and star formation rates (SFRs) separately for each galaxy in this large sample. The catalog includes 76,936 sources with [3.6] {<=} 23.75 (85% completeness level of the IRAC survey) over 0.48 deg{sup 2}. The typical photometric redshift accuracy is {Delta}z/(1 + z) = 0.034, with a catastrophic outlier fraction of just 2%. We quantify the systematics introduced by the use of different stellar population synthesis libraries and initial mass functions in the calculation of stellar masses. We find systematic offsets ranging from 0.1 to 0.4 dex, with a typical scatter of 0.3 dex. We also provide UV- and IR-based SFRs for all sample galaxies, based on several sets of dust emission templates and SFR indicators. We evaluate the systematic differences and goodness of the different SFR estimations using the deep FIDEL 70 {mu}m data available in the Extended Groth Strip. Typical random uncertainties of the IR-bases SFRs are a factor of two, with non-negligible systematic effects at z {approx}> 1.5 observed when only MIPS 24 {mu}m data are available. All data products (SEDs, postage stamps from imaging data, and different estimations of the photometric redshifts, stellar masses, and SFRs of each galaxy) described in this and the companion paper are publicly available, and they can be accessed through our the Web interface utility Rainbow-navigator.

Barro, G.; Perez-Gonzalez, P. G.; Gallego, J.; Villar, V.; Zamorano, J. [Departamento de Astrofisica, Facultad de CC. Fisicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040 Madrid (Spain); Ashby, M. L. N. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Kajisawa, M.; Yamada, T. [Astronomical Institute, Tohoku University, Aramaki, Aoba, Sendai 9808578 (Japan); Miyazaki, S. [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

The conjecture is true, I George Havas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with . Step 2. is central in . Step 3. , generate . Step 4. and are central in . Step 5. Put . Then . Step 6 of symmetric trivalent graphs with up to 400 vertices. H S M Coxeter, who had one of the few copies of Foster that the following steps were true in specific instances. The proof of the conjecture in the cases and is quite

St Andrews, University of

64

True Brinelling, False Brinelling, and Fretting Corrosion: What...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

True Brinelling, False Brinelling, and Fretting Corrosion: What's the Difference? Presented by Bob Errichello, GEARTECH at the Wind Turbine Tribology Seminar 2014. True, False,...

65

Figure 10--Proportion of basal area accounted for by each tree spe-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Mixed-Conifer and Red Fir Forests at the Teakettle Experimental Forest Intensive Measurements of Mixed-Conifer and Red Fir Forests After our initial survey, we sampled the mixed-conifer and red fir forests more for the remaining 13 percent (fig. 10). Other tree species characteristic of mixed-conifer or red fir forest types

Standiford, Richard B.

66

Diagnostic experiments and modeling of the 118 03BCm CH3OH laser (*) J.-M. Lourtioz and R. Adde  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

significant FIR saturation (see section 3). Therefore we have followed the fruitful approach of Danielewicz

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

67

True Masses of Radial-Velocity Exoplanets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore the science power of space telescopes used to estimate the true masses of known radial-velocity exoplanets by means of astrometry on direct images. We translate a desired mass accuracy (+/10% in our example) into a minimum goal for the signal-to-noise ratio, which implies a minimum exposure time. When the planet is near a node, the mass measurement becomes difficult if not impossible, because the apparent separation becomes decoupled from the inclination angle of the orbit. The combination of this nodal effect with considerations of solar and anti-solar pointing restrictions, photometric and obscurational completeness, and image blurring due to orbital motion, severely limits the observing opportunities, often to only brief intervals in a five-year mission. We compare the science power of four missions, two with external star shades, EXO-S and WFIRST-S, and two with internal coronagraphs, EXO-C and WFIRST-C. The star shades out-perform the coronagraph in this science program by about a factor of th...

Brown, Robert A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Research Note True Metabolizable Energy for Seeds of Common Moist-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research Note True Metabolizable Energy for Seeds of Common Moist- Soil Plant Species BRUCE D Tech Center Drive, Suite 115, Vancouver, WA 98683, USA ABSTRACT Understanding the true metabolizable energy (TME) value of food is important for constructing bioenergetic models. We estimated gross energy

Dugger, Bruce

69

True grit: Brock is climbing her way to success  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

True grit: Brock is climbing her way to success True grit: Brock is climbing her way to success True grit: Brock is climbing her way to success Biology student and radiation physics intern Burgandy Brock tackles challenges with gusto, in the field, in the classroom and in life. August 27, 2013 True grit: Brock is climbing her way to success Biology student and radiation physics intern Burgandy Brock tackles challenges with gusto, in the field, in the classroom and in life. An avid outdoorswoman who loves adrenaline sports such as rock climbing, the Los Alamos native respects the Lab and the foundation it provides. » Return to homepage Undeterred by life's challenges, student pursues complex science Los Alamos Environmental Stewardship intern Burgandy Brock has a lot on her plate, but that hasn't diminished her drive to learn more about all types

70

On Distance from the Truth as a True Distance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

False scientific theories, we imagine, can differ in their closeness to the truth. Poppers qualitative theory of verisimilitude ( ... as a variation in the set of true consequences coupled with a countermodulati...

David Miller

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

True-Temperature Determination Of Geothermal Reservoirs | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » True-Temperature Determination Of Geothermal Reservoirs Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: True-Temperature Determination Of Geothermal Reservoirs Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Parameters governing the resistivity in geothermal areas are analyzed. A method for the calculation of the true temperature of geothermal reservoirs is explained, and the effectiveness of the method is evidenced. Author(s): Jin Doo Jung Published: Geoexploration, 1977 Document Number: Unavailable DOI: 10.1016/0016-7142(77)90002-3 Source: View Original Journal Article

72

Crayola's True Color Shines Through: Green | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Crayola's True Color Shines Through: Green Crayola's True Color Shines Through: Green Crayola's True Color Shines Through: Green August 13, 2010 - 10:00am Addthis The Crayola solar farm became fully operational this week. Ten children from around the country, known as the "Crayola Green Team," helped dedicate the newest addition to the Easton, Pa.-plant. Photos courtesy of Crayola. | Photo Courtesy of Crayola The Crayola solar farm became fully operational this week. Ten children from around the country, known as the "Crayola Green Team," helped dedicate the newest addition to the Easton, Pa.-plant. Photos courtesy of Crayola. | Photo Courtesy of Crayola Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE What does this project do? The solar panels produce enough energy to produce 1 billion crayons

73

Duct Leakage Modeling in EnergyPlus and Analysis of Energy Savings from Implementing SAV with InCITeTM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DOE-2 inputs) Douglas fir plywood p.25.5 2005 ASHRAE Hdbk ofDOE-2 inputs) Material is Douglas fir plywood p.25.5 2005 ASHRAE Hdbk

Wray, Craig

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

The VPN Conjecture is True F. B. Shepherd  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The VPN Conjecture is True N. Goyal N. Olver F. B. Shepherd Abstract We consider the following.goyal@gatech.edu McGill University. Email: olver@math.mcgill.ca McGill University. Email: bruce.shepherd@mcgill.ca 1

Shepherd, Bruce

75

How to Calculate the True Cost of Steam  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This brief details how to calculate the true cost of steam, which is important for monitoring and managing energy use in a plant, evaluating proposed design changes to the generation or distribution infrastructure and the process itself, and for continuing to identify competitive advantages through steam system and plant efficiency improvements.

76

E-Print Network 3.0 - aurifrons shuckard hymenoptera Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Cirrospilus vittatus (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae... eggs of Neodiprion abietis Harris (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae) on balsam fir, Abies balsamea (L.) Mill... vittatus...

77

The influence of LiDAR pulse density on the precision of inventory metrics in young unthinned Douglas-fir stands during initial and subsequent LiDAR acquisitions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

LiDAR is an established technology that is increasingly being used to characterise spatial variation in stand metrics used in forest inventory. As the cost of LiDAR acquisition markedly declines with LiDAR pul...

Michael S Watt; Andrew Meredith; Pete Watt

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

HABITAT PROFILE New Hampshire Wildlife Action Plan B-209  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hardwood ­ conifer systems. 1.2 Justification Lowland spruce-fir forest covers approximately 10% of New spruce-fir or northern hardwood-conifer forest. Past harvesting in some of these areas have resulted in conversion of former spruce-fir sites to northern hardwood-conifer forest. 2.3 Protection and Regulatory

New Hampshire, University of

79

The effects of in vitro and greenhouse irradiance, fertility, and media on the growth of a hybrid Phalaenopsis orchid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, 2ON-8.6-P-16.6K], DynaGro, and Wilder's, was applied to Phalaenopsis Atien Kaala 'TSC 22' plants grown in either fir bark alone or 70% fir bark and 3 0% Canadian sphagnum peat (bark/peat). Plants grown in the fir bark medium with 2ON-2.2P-I 5.8K...

Konow, Elise Ann

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

80

Engines - Particulate Studies - Revealing the True Nature of Diesel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Engine Nanoparticle Research: Revealing the True Nature of Diesel Particulates Engine Nanoparticle Research: Revealing the True Nature of Diesel Particulates Thermophoretic sampling device Argonne's test engine with the thermophoretic sampling device attached. Nanostructure of graphitic diesel soot under high engine load A transmission electron microscope reveals the nanostructures of graphitic diesel soot sampled under high engine loads. Morphology of particles collected from diesel combustion with iso-paraffin-enriched fuel. Morphology of particles collected from diesel combution with iso-paraffin-enriched fuel. Amorphous soot particle collected from biodiesel combustion undera low-temperature condition. Amorphous soot particle collected from biodiesel combustion under low temperature conditions. Researchers have many ideas about how to reduce the soot produced by diesel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Women in STEM: True Self-Knowledge and Achievement Motivation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the requirements for the designation as an UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SCHOLAR Approved by Research Advisor: Dr. Rebecca Schlegel May 2014 Major: Psychology Womens and Gender Studies TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT 1.... Rebecca Schlegel Department of Psychology In this study, I will examine whether there is a relationship between true-self knowledge and motivation to remain in a STEM major among female STEM students. Specifically, I hypothesize that a greater...

Kavanaugh, Katherine Elizabeth

2013-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

82

Downlink W-CDMA performance analysis and receiver implmentation on SC140 Motorola DSP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

model (Section 3.2.1) and receiver (Section 3.2.3) structure. Antenna 1 Antenna 2 Multi-path Rayleigh fading channel Despreading & Descrambling RRC FIR Filter. Channel Additive Gaussian noise Multi...-path Rayleigh fading channel Spreading & Scrambling RRC FIR Filter. STTD Mapping Additive Gaussian noise Rake receiver Transmitter Spreading & Scrambling Viterbi decoding QPSK signal RRC FIR Filter. Channel Estimation Channel Encoding Receiver...

Ghosh, Kaushik

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

83

U-028: Microsoft Windows win32k.sys TrueType Font Parsing Vulnerability |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

28: Microsoft Windows win32k.sys TrueType Font Parsing 28: Microsoft Windows win32k.sys TrueType Font Parsing Vulnerability U-028: Microsoft Windows win32k.sys TrueType Font Parsing Vulnerability November 7, 2011 - 8:15am Addthis PROBLEM: Microsoft Windows win32k.sys TrueType Font Parsing Vulnerability. PLATFORM: Microsoft Windows 7 Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Datacenter Edition Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Enterprise Edition Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Standard Edition Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Web Edition Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Microsoft Windows Storage Server 2003 Microsoft Windows Vista Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition Microsoft Windows XP Professional ABSTRACT: A vulnerability has been reported in Microsoft Windows, which can be exploited by malicious people to compromise a user's system. reference LINKS:

84

Forever True  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Both he and Susan were heartily sick of the view, which had nothing to recommend it. The house they were watching hid illegal weapons. Cowley was certain of it. He had traced it through an IRA informer; his agents had been watching it for days... was in black: turtleneck, trousers, leather jacket, with his gun neatly holstered against his shoulder. Susan answered the call: ?This is 4.9. Is there action?? ?Affirmative, 4.9,? said the unmistakable voice of 8.4, Murphy. ?A car has stopped in front...

Holden, E.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Answers to Logic Problems 1. True statement. If the two odd numbers are a = 2n+1 and b = 2m+1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

only be Monday or Wednesday. Let us consider the consequences of both cases. Assume that today that in this situation all 7 statements are true! Question 3 Truth tables A B (not A) or B A and B not A (A and B False True True True True False True The truth tables show that both statements are equivalent. #12;

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

86

A dendroecological reconstruction of western spruce budworm outbreaks (Choristoneura occidentalis) in the Front Range, Colorado, from 1720 to 1986  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Radial increment cores from Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) and blue spruce (Picea pungens), defoliated by western spruce budworm (Choristoneura occidentalis), were analyzed by means of dendrochronological me...

Urs M. Weber; Fritz H. Schweingruber

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum triso-ethylphosphonate butylate...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Resistance Advancements: Dr. Dragan CurcijaDr. Dragan Curcija Summary: -Expanded (EPS) Pine or Douglas Fir Frame Cavity Polyfoam tape Urethane Sealant Silicone...

88

The Dividing Link: Speciation and Hybridization in the Salamander Ring Species Ensatina eschscholtzii  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fir forest, mixed conifer forest, and chaparral (Axelrodof conifer and mixed conifer forest at middle and highand high elevation sky-island conifer forest in the Eastern

Devitt, Thomas James

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Sparsity Optimization in Design of Multidimensional Filter Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A FIR filter is represented in the spatial domain by a limited-size kernel defined by a ...... Muthukrishnan S (2005) Data streams: algorithms and applications.

2014-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

90

C:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

radio synchrotron emission from relativistic electrons spiraling along magnetic field lines. To explain the FIR-radio luminosity correlation, the cosmic ray calorimeter...

91

Terre d'asile, terre d'exil l'Europe tsigane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

). 3. Comme celle du poète persan Fir- clausi, souvent ci- tée, évoquant l'en- voi en Perse de douze

Boyer, Edmond

92

E-Print Network 3.0 - adiposo marrom tam Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nepal Summary: ), Thasing (Tam), Silver fir (Eng) Tree Leaf Respiratory problems, cough. Decoction used for bronchitis... and cough. 2. Aconitum ferox Wall.ex Seringe...

93

E-Print Network 3.0 - aloe ferox leaf Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nepal Summary: ), Thasing (Tam), Silver fir (Eng) Tree Leaf Respiratory problems, cough. Decoction used for bronchitis... and cough. 2. Aconitum ferox Wall.ex Seringe...

94

E-Print Network 3.0 - all-ceramic crowns part Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Northwestern University Collection: Materials Science ; Renewable Energy 50 Three-Dimensional Canopy Structure of an Old-Growth Douglas-Fir Forest Summary: the cumulative...

95

TREE AND SHRUB SPECIES LIST FOR PINGREE PARK REGION Abies 1asiocarpa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

__ TREES 1. Abies lasiocarpa - subalpine fir (PINACEAE) - Needle single, flat in cross-section - Twigs scopulorum - Rocky Mountain juniper (CUPRESSACEAE) - Needles scale-like, appressed, opposite, four ranked

96

Microsoft Word - Argonne_WindPowerForecasting_Report_Final_Nov...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

of Texas ESB Electricity Supply Board (Ireland) EU European Union EWEA European Wind Energy Association FIR-NN finite-impulse response neural network FIS Fuzzy Inference...

97

E-Print Network 3.0 - alder bigleaf maple Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sciences and Ecology 3 Use of the ZELIG Forest Simulation Model in the Coastal Landscape Analysis and Modeling Study (CLAMS) Summary: ) Bigleaf maple (ZELIG) Douglas-fir...

98

Range criterion and classification of true entanglement in $2\\times{M}\\times{N}$ system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a range criterion which is a sufficient and necessary condition satisfied by two pure states transformable with each other under reversible stochastic local operations assisted with classical communication. We also provide a systematic method for seeking all kinds of true entangled states in the $2\\times{M}\\times{N}$ system, and can effectively distinguish them by means of the range criterion. The efficiency of the criterion and the method is exhibited by the classification of true entanglement in some types of the tripartite systems.

Lin Chen; Yi-Xin Chen

2005-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

99

Approximating the True Evolutionary Distance Between Two Genomes Krister M. Swenson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Approximating the True Evolutionary Distance Between Two Genomes Krister M. Swenson Mark Marron Joel V. Earnest-DeYoung Bernard M.E. Moret Abstract As more and more genomes are sequenced, evolutionary bi- ologists are becoming increasingly interested in evolution at the level of whole genomes

Moret, Bernard

100

Gemini: A Non-Invasive, Energy-Harvesting True Power Meter Bradford Campbell and Prabal Dutta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gemini: A Non-Invasive, Energy-Harvesting True Power Meter Bradford Campbell and Prabal Dutta,prabal}@umich.edu Abstract--Power meters are critical for submetering loads in residential and commercial settings, but high by proposing non-invasive meters that easily clip onto a wire, or stick onto a circuit breaker, to perform

Dutta, Prabal

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Deep-Sea Research II 50 (2003) 655674 Determining true particulate organic carbon: bottles, pumps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Deep-Sea Research II 50 (2003) 655­674 Determining true particulate organic carbon: bottles, pumps or by in situ filtration with pumps and analyzing the filters. The concentrations measured by these two methods-latitude waters. Here we report that the ratio of bottle POC to pump POC ranged between 20 and 200 in the Ross Sea

Hansell, Dennis

102

Commissioning of the Varian TrueBeam linear accelerator: A multi-institutional study  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Latest generation linear accelerators (linacs), i.e., TrueBeam (Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA) and its stereotactic counterpart, TrueBeam STx, have several unique features, including high-dose-rate flattening-filter-free (FFF) photon modes, reengineered electron modes with new scattering foil geometries, updated imaging hardware/software, and a novel control system. An evaluation of five TrueBeam linacs at three different institutions has been performed and this work reports on the commissioning experience. Methods: Acceptance and commissioning data were analyzed for five TrueBeam linacs equipped with 120 leaf (5 mm width) MLCs at three different institutions. Dosimetric data and mechanical parameters were compared. These included measurements of photon beam profiles (6X, 6XFFF, 10X, 10XFFF, 15X), photon and electron percent depth dose (PDD) curves (6, 9, 12 MeV), relative photon output factors (Scp), electron cone factors, mechanical isocenter accuracy, MLC transmission, and dosimetric leaf gap (DLG). End-to-end testing and IMRT commissioning were also conducted. Results: Gantry/collimator isocentricity measurements were similar (0.27-0.28 mm), with overall couch/gantry/collimator values of 0.46-0.68 mm across the three institutions. Dosimetric data showed good agreement between machines. The average MLC DLGs for 6, 10, and 15 MV photons were 1.33 {+-} 0.23, 1.57 {+-} 0.24, and 1.61 {+-} 0.26 mm, respectively. 6XFFF and 10XFFF modes had average DLGs of 1.16 {+-} 0.22 and 1.44 {+-} 0.30 mm, respectively. MLC transmission showed minimal variation across the three institutions, with the standard deviation <0.2% for all linacs. Photon and electron PDDs were comparable for all energies. 6, 10, and 15 MV photon beam quality, %dd(10){sub x} varied less than 0.3% for all linacs. Output factors (Scp) and electron cone factors agreed within 0.27%, on average; largest variations were observed for small field sizes (1.2% coefficient of variation, 10 MV, 2 Multiplication-Sign 2 cm{sup 2}) and small cone sizes (<1% coefficient of variation, 6 Multiplication-Sign 6 cm{sup 2} cone), respectively. Conclusions: Overall, excellent agreement was observed in TrueBeam commissioning data. This set of multi-institutional data can provide comparison data to others embarking on TrueBeam commissioning, ultimately improving the safety and quality of beam commissioning.

Glide-Hurst, C.; Bellon, M.; Wen, N.; Zhao, B.; Chetty, I. J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Henry Ford Health Systems, Detroit, Michigan 48202 (United States); Foster, R.; Speiser, M.; Solberg, T. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75235 (United States); Altunbas, C.; Westerly, D.; Miften, M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado 80045 (United States); Altman, M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110 (United States)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

103

The F a;b;c conjecture is true, I George Havas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. s 10n is central in F a;b;c . Step 3. u = s 2n , v = rs 2n r generate N . Step 4. u 5 ; v 5 ; (uv) 3 of symmetric trivalent graphs with up to 400 vertices. H S M Coxeter, who had one of the few copies of Foster ACE helped was by indicating that the following steps were true in specific instances. The proof

St Andrews, University of

104

Reassessment of True Core Collapse Differential Pressure Values for Filter Elements in Safety Critical Environments - 13076  

SciTech Connect

As the areas of application for diverse filter types increases, the mechanics and material sciences associated with the hardware and its relationship with more and more arduous process environments becomes critical to the successful and reliable operation of the filtration equipment. Where the filter is the last safe barrier between the process and the life environment, structural integrity and reliability is paramount in both the validation and the ethical acceptability of the designed equipment. Core collapse is a key factor influencing filter element selection, and is an extremely complex issue with a number of variables and failure mechanisms. It is becoming clear that the theory behind core collapse calculations is not always supported with real tested data. In exploring this issue we have found that the calculation method is not always reflective of the true as tested collapse value, with the calculated values being typically in excess or even an order of magnitude higher than the tested values. The above claim is supported by a case study performed by the author, which disproves most of what was previously understood to be true. This paper also aims to explore the various failure mechanisms of different configurations of filter core, comparing calculated collapse values against real tested values, with a view to understanding a method of calculating their true collapse value. As the technology is advancing, and filter elements are being used in higher temperature, higher pressure, more radioactive and more chemically aggressive environments, confidence in core collapse values and data is crucial. (authors)

Swain, Adam [Porvair Filtration Group, 1 Concorde Close, Segensworth, Hampshire, PO15 5RT (United Kingdom)] [Porvair Filtration Group, 1 Concorde Close, Segensworth, Hampshire, PO15 5RT (United Kingdom)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

United States Department of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

programs for entering local weather data. Retrieval Terms: Douglas-fir, seed orchard, pest management, pest, for his encouragement, David L. Rowney for his programming assistance, and William A. Copper for preparing. The computer program described provides a Douglas-fir seed orchard manager (user) with a quantitative method

Standiford, Richard B.

106

Original article Predicted global warming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Original article Predicted global warming and Douglas-fir chilling requirements DD McCreary1 DP to predicted global warming. Douglas-fir / chilling / global warming / bud burst / reforestation Résumé offer evidence that mean global warming of 3-4 °C could occur within the next century, particularly

Boyer, Edmond

107

San Augustin PlainsPleistocene Climatic Changes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...oil (3 g), and HMW salts (4 g) (12). Each...solids) (92 g), HMW salts (4 g) (12), starch...increase in the semi-desert vegetation. Fir and Douglas-fir...nontree (semidesert) scrub and grass) in the shaded...from rhyolite to ba-salt, and both flow and pyroclastic...

KATHRYN H. CLISBY; PAUL B. SEARS

1956-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

108

Near-infrared sideband generation induced by intense far-infrared radiation in GaAs quantum wells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Near-infrared sideband generation induced by intense far-infrared radiation in GaAs quantum wells J illuminated with near-infrared NIR radiation at frequency nir and intense far-infrared FIR radiation from and quenching of photoluminescence PL .8,9 The nonlinear interaction of FIR and near-infrared NIR radiation

Kono, Junichiro

109

AN OPEN-SOURCE MULTI-FPGA MODULAR SYSTEM FOR FAIR BENCHMARKING OF TRUE RANDOM NUMBER GENERATORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AN OPEN-SOURCE MULTI-FPGA MODULAR SYSTEM FOR FAIR BENCHMARKING OF TRUE RANDOM NUMBER GENERATORS: patrick.haddad@st.com ABSTRACT True Random Number Generators (TRNG) are cryptographic primitives upload their configuration bitstream to the remote FPGA and download random data generated in the same

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

110

True photo-counting statistics of multiple on-off detectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive a closed photo-counting formula, including noise counts and a finite quantum efficiency, for photon number resolving detectors based on on-off detectors. It applies to detection schemes such as array detectors and multiplexing setups. The result renders it possible to compare the corresponding measured counting statistics with the true photon number statistics of arbitrary quantum states. The photo-counting formula is applied to the discrimination of photon numbers of Fock states, squeezed states, and odd coherent states. It is illustrated for coherent states that our formula is indispensable for the correct interpretation of quantum effects observed with such devices.

J. Sperling; W. Vogel; G. S. Agarwal

2012-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

111

Inflation of small true vacuum bubble by quantization of Einstein-Hilbert action  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the quantization of the Einstein-Hilbert action for a small true vacuum bubble without matter or scalar field. The quantization of action induces an extra term of potential called quantum potential in Hamilton-Jacobi equation, which gives expanding solutions including the exponential expansion solutions of the scalar factor $a$ for the bubble. We show that exponential expansion of the bubble continues with a short period (about a Planck time $t_p$), no matter whether the bubble is closed, flat or open. The exponential expansion ends spontaneously when the bubble becomes large, i.e., the scalar factor $a$ of the bubble approaches a Planck length $l_p$. We show that it is quantum potential of the small true vacuum bubble that plays the role of the scalar field potential suggested in the slow-roll inflation model. With the picture of quantum tunneling, we calculate particle creation rate during inflation, which shows that particles created by inflation have the capability of reheating the universe.

Dongshan He; Qing-yu Cai

2014-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

112

Inflation of small true vacuum bubble by quantization of Einstein-Hilbert action  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the quantization of the Einstein-Hilbert action for a small true vacuum bubble without matter or scalar field. The quantization of action induces an extra term of potential called quantum potential in Hamilton-Jacobi equation, which gives expanding solutions including the exponential expansion solutions of the scalar factor $a$ for the bubble. We show that exponential expansion of the bubble continues with a short period (about a Planck time $t_p$), no matter whether the bubble is closed, flat or open. The exponential expansion ends spontaneously when the bubble becomes large, i.e., the scalar factor $a$ of the bubble approaches a Planck length $l_p$. We show that it is quantum potential of the small true vacuum bubble that plays the role of the scalar field potential suggested in the slow-roll inflation model. With the picture of quantum tunneling, we calculate particle creation rate during inflation, which shows that particles created by inflation have the capability of reheating the universe.

He, Dongshan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Nuclear and mitochondrial multilocus phylogeny and survey of alkaloid content in true salamanders of the genus Salamandra (Salamandridae)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear and mitochondrial multilocus phylogeny and survey of alkaloid content in true salamanders the phylogeny of the genus Salamandra based on DNA sequences of segments of 10 mitochondrial and 13 nuclear recognized subspecies. The concatenated analysis of the complete dataset produced a fully resolved tree

Carranza, Salvador

114

A new true RMS-to-DC converter using up-down translinear loop in CMOS technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper a new true current-mode RMS-to-DC converter circuit based on a square-root-domain squarer/divider and simplified current-mode low pass filter is presented. The circuit is designed by employing up-down translinear loop and using of MOSFET ... Keywords: Converter, Current-mode, Low-pass filter, RMS-to-DC, Translinear loop

E. Farshidi; H. Asiaban

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

16 IAPRS, Vol. 32, Part 4 "GIS-Between Visions and Applications", Stuttgart, 1998 THE GENERATION OF TRUE ORTHOPHOTOS USING A 3D BUILDING MODEL IN CONJUNCTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OF TRUE ORTHOPHOTOS USING A 3D BUILDING MODEL IN CONJUNCTION WITH A CONVENTIONAL DTM Fahmi Amhar Mapping, Building Model, Visibility Analysis ABSTRACT For the time being usual orthophotos do not place general 3D of so-called true orthophotos becomes obligatory. In addition to the DTM 3D digital building models (DBM

Giger, Christine

116

Digital microfluidics: is a true lab-on-a-chip possible? Received: 10 February 2007 / Accepted: 14 February 2007 / Published online: 8 March 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REVIEW Digital microfluidics: is a true lab-on-a-chip possible? R. B. Fair Received: 10 February The suitability of electrowetting-on-dielectric (EWD) microfluidics for true lab-on-a-chip applications be performed on a digital microfluidic platform? And, are there other advantages offered by electrowetting

Ferrari, Silvia

117

A COMPARISON OF FAR-IR AND H I AS REDDENING PREDICTORS AT HIGH GALACTIC LATITUDE  

SciTech Connect

Both the Galactic 21 cm line flux from neutral hydrogen (H I) in interstellar medium and the far-infrared (FIR) emission from Galactic dust grains have been used to estimate the strength of Galactic reddening of distant sources. In this work we use a collection of uniform color distant galaxies as color standards to determine whether the H I method or the FIR method is superior. We find that the two methods both produce reasonably accurate maps, but that both show significant errors as compared to the typical color of the background galaxies. We find that a mixture of the FIR and H I maps in roughly a 2-to-1 ratio is clearly superior to either map alone. We recommend that future reddening maps should use both sets of data, and that well-constructed FIR and H I maps should both be vigorously pursued.

Peek, J. E. G., E-mail: jegpeek@gmail.com [Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (United States)

2013-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

118

PACIFIC SOUTHWEST FOREST SERVICE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Station, for technical assistance; the Station s biometrics branch for assistance with computer programs, BERKELEY, CALIFORNIA 94701 Experiment Station WEATHER, LOGGING, and TREE GROWTH associated with FIR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Logging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Weather

Standiford, Richard B.

119

New Educational Technologies Cannot be Fully Integrated in Existing Educational Systems Some Lessons Drawn from the Analysis of the Introduction of Computers in French Schools During the Last Decade  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the context of future educational systems design, this paper addresses the important point of new technologies integration. A general overview of possible uses of computers in education is provided as a fir...

Monique Grandbastien

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Reaction mechanism and kinetics of pressurized pyrolysis of Chinese oil shale in the presence of water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A study of reaction mechanisms and chemical kinetics of pressurized pyrolysis of Chinese Liushuhe oil shale in the presence of water were conducted ... thermal degradation. It was found that the oil shale was fir...

Chaohe Fang; Shuyuan Li; Guili Ma; Hongyan Wang; Zhilong Huang

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

The Star Formation Rate Function of the Local Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have derived the bivariate luminosity function for the far ultraviolet (1530Angstroms) and far infrared (60 microns). We used matched GALEX and IRAS data, and redshifts from NED and PSC-z. We have derived a total star formation luminosity function phi(L_{tot}), with L_{tot} = L_{FUV}+L_{FIR}. Using these, we determined the cosmic ``star formation rate'' function and density for the local universe. The total SFR function is fit very well by a log-normal distribution over five decades of luminosity. We find that the bivariate luminosity function phi(L_{FUV},L_{FIR}) shows a bimodal behavior, with L_{FIR} tracking L_{FUV} for L_{TOT}< 10^10 L_sun, and L_{FUV} saturating at 10^10 L_sun, while L_{TOT} L_{FIR} for higher luminosities. We also calculate the SFR density and compare it to other measurements.

D. Christopher Martin; Mark Seibert; Veronique Buat; Jorge Inglesias-Paramo; Tom A. Barlow; Luciana Bianchi; Yong-Ik Byun; Jose Donas; Karl Forster; Peter G. Friedman; Timothy M. Heckman; Patrick N. Jelinsky; Young-Wook Lee; Barry F. Madore; Roger F. Malina; Bruno Milliard; Patrick F. Morrissey; Susan G. Neff; R. Michael Rich; David Schiminovich; Oswald H. W. Siegmund; Todd Small; Alex S. Szalay; Barry Y. Welsh; Ted K. Wyder

2004-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

122

From channel modeling to signal processing for Bit patterned media recording  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with FIR f (D) and with a 1-D target g(D) for BPM recordingof timing window for BPM recording. . . . . . . . Figure 3.1for bit-patterned me- dia (BPM) recording channels. The

Karakulak, Seyhan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Taking Biodiversity into Account in Territorial Planning Documents: A Methodological Approach Applied to the Marine Field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Then, specific attention was devoted to the marine domain with three regional planning documents: the ... SCOT (Scheme of Territorial Coherency), the marine ZNIEFF (Zone with Flora and Fauna Interest ... , we fir...

E. Seigneur; N. Mazouni

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

E-Print Network 3.0 - aids mortality trends Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

White fir... a b s t r a c t We monitored tree mortality in northern Arizona (USA) mixed-conifer and ponderosa pine Source: USDA, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station -...

125

Mixed Conifer Forest  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mixed Conifer Forest occurs in an elevational band below Spruce-Fir Forest and above Ponderosa Pine Forest. It has diverse stands reflecting elevation, ... and others. A primary driver of Mixed Conifer Forest has...

John L. Vankat; John L. Vankat

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Solution chemistry profiles of mixed-conifer forests before and after fire  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solution chemistry profiles of mixed-conifer forests in granitic catchments of the Sierra Nevada ... in both white-fir and giant-sequoia dominated forest stands underlain by poorly developed inceptisols. Stream.....

Jon Chorover; Peter M. Vitousek; Daniel A. Everson; Anne M. Esperanza

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 61996221, 2008 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/8/6199/2008/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

profiles have been compared to observations made from space by MLS and HALOE, and from stratospheric balloons by SPIRALE, FIRS-2 and Mark-IV. Partial columns derived from the ACE-FTS data were also compared

Nassar, Ray

128

E-Print Network 3.0 - anna-karin borg-karlson jt Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Douglas fir (Borg- Karlson et al., 1985; Rappaport et al... . Chap- man and Hall, London. BORG-KARLSON, A.-K., EIDMANN, H. H., LINDSTROM, M., NORIN T., and WIERSMA... :...

129

Forest Resource Policy in Cte dIvoire, Cameroon and Gabon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The article analyses activities carried out over the past 15 years to contain deforestation and to phase in sustainable forestry in three West African countries:Cte dIvoire, Cameroon and Gabon. The article firs...

Jean-Pierre Kiekens; Yirdaw Eshetu

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Cosmology with Cosmic Infrared Background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2006 #12;Title Here IR/Opt: Direct emission from stars FIR: Processed emission of Opt/IR light by dust IRAC Instrument Team's GTO Survey PI: Peter Eisenhardt (JPL) + ~20 collaborators IRAC Spitzer Bootes

Leka, K. D .

131

Updated 9/18/13 Jeremy Scott Johnson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of genomics on ecological biogeography. Progress in Physical Geography Maps: "Figure 1. Our water project area genetics and genomics into ecological biogeography: A case study using Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii

132

Draft version March 23, 2004 Preprint typeset using LATEX style emulateapj v. 2/19/04  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the brightest FIR line in galaxies. Our observed 1 RMS = 1.3 mK in the T A scale translates to L[CII] +5251 L[CII]/LFIR ultra-luminous infrared galaxies

Bolatto, Alberto

133

Space Ecological Systems 19601975  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There appears to be a great deal of varied opinions in regard to the types of ecological systems required in manned space vehicles. In order to logically discuss designs of various ecological systems we must firs...

Eugene B. Konecci

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

"NH Big Tree of the Month December 2006" White Spruce Picea Glauca  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and crowding, the conditions found on mountaintops and rocky crevices, they grow in climates where no others that grow all around the fat twigs that are distinctly sharp and prickly. Firs have flat, two-sided needles

New Hampshire, University of

135

EXPLAINING THE [C II]157.7 {mu}m DEFICIT IN LUMINOUS INFRARED GALAXIES-FIRST RESULTS FROM A HERSCHEL/PACS STUDY OF THE GOALS SAMPLE  

SciTech Connect

We present the first results of a survey of the [C II]157.7 {mu}m emission line in 241 luminous infrared galaxies (LIRGs) comprising the Great Observatories All-sky LIRG Survey (GOALS) sample, obtained with the PACS instrument on board the Herschel Space Observatory. The [C II] luminosities, L{sub [C{sub II]}}, of the LIRGs in GOALS range from {approx}10{sup 7} to 2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} L{sub Sun }. We find that LIRGs show a tight correlation of [C II]/FIR with far-IR (FIR) flux density ratios, with a strong negative trend spanning from {approx}10{sup -2} to 10{sup -4}, as the average temperature of dust increases. We find correlations between the [C II]/FIR ratio and the strength of the 9.7 {mu}m silicate absorption feature as well as with the luminosity surface density of the mid-IR emitting region ({Sigma}{sub MIR}), suggesting that warmer, more compact starbursts have substantially smaller [C II]/FIR ratios. Pure star-forming LIRGs have a mean [C II]/FIR {approx} 4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -3}, while galaxies with low polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) equivalent widths (EWs), indicative of the presence of active galactic nuclei (AGNs), span the full range in [C II]/FIR. However, we show that even when only pure star-forming galaxies are considered, the [C II]/FIR ratio still drops by an order of magnitude, from 10{sup -2} to 10{sup -3}, with {Sigma}{sub MIR} and {Sigma}{sub IR}, implying that the [C II]157.7 {mu}m luminosity is not a good indicator of the star formation rate (SFR) for most local LIRGs, for it does not scale linearly with the warm dust emission most likely associated to the youngest stars. Moreover, even in LIRGs in which we detect an AGN in the mid-IR, the majority (2/3) of galaxies show [C II]/FIR {>=} 10{sup -3} typical of high 6.2 {mu}m PAH EW sources, suggesting that most AGNs do not contribute significantly to the FIR emission. We provide an empirical relation between the [C II]/FIR and the specific SFR for star-forming LIRGs. Finally, we present predictions for the starburst size based on the observed [C II] and FIR luminosities which should be useful for comparing with results from future surveys of high-redshift galaxies with ALMA and CCAT.

Diaz-Santos, T.; Armus, L.; Howell, J. H.; Surace, J. A. [Spitzer Science Center, California Institute of Technology, MS 220-6, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Charmandaris, V. [IESL/Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas, GR-71110, Heraklion (Greece); Stierwalt, S.; Evans, A. S.; Mazzarella, J. M. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States); Murphy, E. J. [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Haan, S. [CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, Marsfield NSW 2122 (Australia); Inami, H. [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Malhotra, S. [School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 (United States); Meijerink, R. [Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, P.O. Box 800, NL-9700 AV Groningen (Netherlands); Stacey, G. [Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Petric, A. O.; Lu, N. [Astronomy Department, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Veilleux, S. [Joint Space-Science Institute, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Van der Werf, P. P. [Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9513, NL-2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Lord, S.; Appleton, P., E-mail: tanio@ipac.caltech.edu [NASA Herschel Science Center, IPAC, California Institute of Technology, MS 100-22, Cech, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); and others

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

THE HEIGHT EVOLUTION OF THE ''TRUE'' CORONAL MASS EJECTION MASS DERIVED FROM STEREO COR1 AND COR2 OBSERVATIONS  

SciTech Connect

Using combined STEREO-A and STEREO-B EUVI, COR1, and COR2 data, we derive deprojected coronal mass ejection (CME) kinematics and CME ''true'' mass evolutions for a sample of 25 events that occurred during 2007 December to 2011 April. We develop a fitting function to describe the CME mass evolution with height. The function considers both the effect of the coronagraph occulter, at the beginning of the CME evolution, and an actual mass increase. The latter becomes important at about 10-15 R{sub Sun} and is assumed to mostly contribute up to 20 R{sub Sun }. The mass increase ranges from 2% to 6% per R{sub Sun} and is positively correlated to the total CME mass. Due to the combination of COR1 and COR2 mass measurements, we are able to estimate the ''true'' mass value for very low coronal heights (<3 R{sub Sun }). Based on the deprojected CME kinematics and initial ejected masses, we derive the kinetic energies and propelling forces acting on the CME in the low corona (<3 R{sub Sun }). The derived CME kinetic energies range between 1.0-66 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 23} J, and the forces range between 2.2-510 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 14} N.

Bein, B. M.; Temmer, M.; Veronig, A. M.; Utz, D. [Kanzelhoehe Observatory-IGAM, Institute of Physics, University of Graz, Universitaetsplatz 5, A-8010 Graz (Austria); Vourlidas, A. [Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC (United States)

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

National Medical Care System May Impede Fostering of True Specialization of Radiation Oncologists: Study Based on Structure Survey in Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Purpose To evaluate the actual work environment of radiation oncologists (ROs) in Japan in terms of working pattern, patient load, and quality of cancer care based on the relative time spent on patient care. Methods and Materials In 2008, the Japanese Society of Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology produced a questionnaire for a national structure survey of radiation oncology in 2007. Data for full-time \\{ROs\\} were crosschecked with data for part-time \\{ROs\\} by using their identification data. Data of 954 \\{ROs\\} were analyzed. The relative practice index for patients was calculated as the relative value of care time per patient on the basis of Japanese Blue Book guidelines (200 patients per RO). Results The working patterns of RO varied widely among facility categories. \\{ROs\\} working mainly at university hospitals treated 189.2 patients per year on average, with those working in university hospitals and their affiliated facilities treating 249.1 and those working in university hospitals only treating 144.0 patients per year on average. The corresponding data were 256.6 for cancer centers and 176.6 for other facilities. Geographically, the mean annual number of patients per RO per quarter was significantly associated with population size, varying from 143.1 to 203.4 (p Japan appear to be problematic for fostering true specialization of radiation oncologists.

Hodaka Numasaki; Hitoshi Shibuya; Masamichi Nishio; Hiroshi Ikeda; Kenji Sekiguchi; Norihiko Kamikonya; Masahiko Koizumi; Masao Tago; Yutaka Ando; Nobuhiro Tsukamoto; Atsuro Terahara; Katsumasa Nakamura; Michihide Mitsumori; Tetsuo Nishimura; Masato Hareyama; Teruki Teshima

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

National Medical Care System May Impede Fostering of True Specialization of Radiation Oncologists: Study Based on Structure Survey in Japan  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate the actual work environment of radiation oncologists (ROs) in Japan in terms of working pattern, patient load, and quality of cancer care based on the relative time spent on patient care. Methods and Materials: In 2008, the Japanese Society of Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology produced a questionnaire for a national structure survey of radiation oncology in 2007. Data for full-time ROs were crosschecked with data for part-time ROs by using their identification data. Data of 954 ROs were analyzed. The relative practice index for patients was calculated as the relative value of care time per patient on the basis of Japanese Blue Book guidelines (200 patients per RO). Results: The working patterns of RO varied widely among facility categories. ROs working mainly at university hospitals treated 189.2 patients per year on average, with those working in university hospitals and their affiliated facilities treating 249.1 and those working in university hospitals only treating 144.0 patients per year on average. The corresponding data were 256.6 for cancer centers and 176.6 for other facilities. Geographically, the mean annual number of patients per RO per quarter was significantly associated with population size, varying from 143.1 to 203.4 (p < 0.0001). There were also significant differences in the average practice index for patients by ROs working mainly in university hospitals between those in main and affiliated facilities (1.07 vs 0.71: p < 0.0001). Conclusions: ROs working in university hospitals and their affiliated facilities treated more patients than the other ROs. In terms of patient care time only, the quality of cancer care in affiliated facilities might be worse than that in university hospitals. Under the current national medical system, working patterns of ROs of academic facilities in Japan appear to be problematic for fostering true specialization of radiation oncologists.

Numasaki, Hodaka [Department of Medical Physics and Engineering, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka (Japan); Shibuya, Hitoshi [Department of Radiology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo (Japan); Nishio, Masamichi [Department of Radiology, National Hospital Organization Hokkaido Cancer Center, Sapporo, Hokkaido (Japan); Ikeda, Hiroshi [Department of Radiology, Sakai Municipal Hospital, Sakai, Osaka (Japan); Sekiguchi, Kenji [Department of Radiation Oncology, St. Luke's International Hospital, Tokyo (Japan); Kamikonya, Norihiko [Department of Radiology, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Hyogo (Japan); Koizumi, Masahiko [Oncology Center, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan); Tago, Masao [Department of Radiology, Teikyo University School of Medicine University Hospital, Mizonokuchi, Kawasaki, Kanagawa (Japan); Ando, Yutaka [Department of Medical Informatics, Heavy Ion Medical Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba (Japan); Tsukamoto, Nobuhiro [Department of Radiation Oncology, Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama (Japan); Terahara, Atsuro [Department of Radiology, Toho University Omori Medical Center, Tokyo (Japan); Nakamura, Katsumasa [Department of Radiology, Kyushu University Hospital at Beppu, Oita (Japan); Mitsumori, Michihide [Department of Radiation Oncology and Image-applied Therapy, Graduate School of Medicine Kyoto University, Kyoto (Japan); Nishimura, Tetsuo [Division of Radiation Oncology, Shizuoka Cancer Center, Shizuoka (Japan); Hareyama, Masato [Department of Radiology, Sapporo Medical University, Hokkaido (Japan); Teshima, Teruki, E-mail: teshima@sahs.med.osaka-u.ac.jp [Department of Medical Physics and Engineering, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka (Japan)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

23/03/2009 13:14Bees and ants are true team players Page 1 of 2http://www.dailyindia.com/show/303624.php  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://www.dailyindia.com/show/303624.php Bees and ants are true team players From ANI London, March 23 : In a new research, scientists://www.dailyindia.com/show/303624.php Copyright Asian News International/DailyIndia.com Share it: Related News Most Popular Stories

Gardner, Andy

140

Optical layout and mechanical structure of polarimeter-interferometer system for Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak  

SciTech Connect

A Far-InfaRed (FIR) three-wave POlarimeter-INTerferometer (POINT) system for measurement current density profile and electron density profile is under development for the EAST tokamak. The FIR beams are transmitted from the laser room to the optical tower adjacent to EAST via ?20 m overmoded dielectric waveguide and then divided into 5 horizontal chords. The optical arrangement was designed using ZEMAX, which provides information on the beam spot size and energy distribution throughout the optical system. ZEMAX calculations used to optimize the optical layout design are combined with the mechanical design from CATIA, providing a 3D visualization of the entire POINT system.

Zou, Z. Y.; Liu, H. Q., E-mail: hqliu@ipp.ac.cn; Jie, Y. X.; Wang, Z. X.; Shen, J. S.; An, Z. H.; Yang, Y.; Zeng, L.; Wei, X. C.; Li, G. S.; Zhu, X. [Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei, Anhui 230031 (China); Ding, W. X.; Brower, D. L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Lan, T. [Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Bad News: Is It True?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...president of the American Economics Association, con-fessed...Simon's errors about the economics of scarcity is a discussion...envi-ronmental liabilities. Desalination re-mains too expensive in...Readers' Service Card haps economics cannot deal with con-cepts...

JOHN P. HOLDREN; PAUL R. EHRLICH; ANNE H. EHRLICH; JOHN HARTE

1980-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

142

Bad News: Is It True?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...cost of oil production to $0.05 to $0.15 per barrel. From...confuses oil production with oil consumption...of oil these days, be-cause...the price of OPEC oil. Rather...story of the per-son who leaped...rose after 1973 due to OPEC...

WAYNE H. DAVIS

1980-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

143

Bad News: Is It True?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...increase in per worker output...total of food production per capita is rising-de-rived...few dollars a day in Africa...the December 1973 convention...raw materials per se, is what...believe that the OPEC (Organization...sources with production costs below...

JOHN P. HOLDREN; PAUL R. EHRLICH; ANNE H. EHRLICH; JOHN HARTE

1980-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

144

Clinton's true colours on trade?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Thatcher, in her time, was fond of comparing national economies with those of ordinary households. Her presence might have been valuable at the meeting last week in Washington between ... week in Washington between President Bill Clinton and Mr Kiichi Miyazawa, the prime minister of Japan. Her homily might have gone like this. Nations are like ...

1993-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

145

Maximum Entropy Method and Charge Flipping, a Powerful Combination to Visualize the True Nature of Structural Disorder from in situ X-ray Powder Diffraction Data  

SciTech Connect

In a systematic approach, the ability of the Maximum Entropy Method (MEM) to reconstruct the most probable electron density of highly disordered crystal structures from X-ray powder diffraction data was evaluated. As a case study, the ambient temperature crystal structures of disordered {alpha}-Rb{sub 2}[C{sub 2}O{sub 4}] and {alpha}-Rb{sub 2}[CO{sub 3}] and ordered {delta}-K{sub 2}[C{sub 2}O{sub 4}] were investigated in detail with the aim of revealing the 'true' nature of the apparent disorder. Different combinations of F (based on phased structure factors) and G constraints (based on structure-factor amplitudes) from different sources were applied in MEM calculations. In particular, a new combination of the MEM with the recently developed charge-flipping algorithm with histogram matching for powder diffraction data (pCF) was successfully introduced to avoid the inevitable bias of the phases of the structure-factor amplitudes by the Rietveld model. Completely ab initio electron-density distributions have been obtained with the MEM applied to a combination of structure-factor amplitudes from Le Bail fits with phases derived from pCF. All features of the crystal structures, in particular the disorder of the oxalate and carbonate anions, and the displacements of the cations, are clearly obtained. This approach bears the potential of a fast method of electron-density determination, even for highly disordered materials. All the MEM maps obtained in this work were compared with the MEM map derived from the best Rietveld refined model. In general, the phased observed structure factors obtained from Rietveld refinement (applying F and G constraints) were found to give the closest description of the experimental data and thus lead to the most accurate image of the actual disorder.

Samy, A.; Dinnebier, R; van Smaalen, S; Jansen, M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

From Border to Border: Skiing Across Finland John Bardsley  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the Swedish border at Tornio, and it traverses some of Finland's most beautiful countryside. Getting, an old school and reindeer farm, and gorgeous colors and scenery. The day's excursion ends at an old is similar, with winding and undulating track through the pine, spruce and fir forests of western Finland

Bardsley, John

147

New Forestry Commission District Office The new Forestry Commission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on sustainable design principles, ensuring a reduced carbon footprint in both the construction beams made from Douglas fir harvested from the Forestry Commission's own forests. The building design in Inverness demonstrates an exemplary approach to using sustainable principles and local timber

148

Combination of Fixed and Mobile Cameras for Automatic Pedestrian Detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the shape, pose, color distribution, and behavior affect the robustness of the detection process. A novel the rest is dark. Nonetheless, since FIR images depend on the temperature of the objects, an outdoor scene has a number of factors that affect the images. Strong sun heating can introduce texture due

Bierlaire, Michel

149

www.forestry.gov.uk Trees are all good at different  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

they: Produce timber, food and many other useful products including medicines Provide places for work in the forest. There have been beech trees in southern Britain ever since the end of the Ice Age, which is over including making plywood and building houses. Douglas firs can also produce a lot of timber because

150

Habitat associations of cavity-nesting owls in the Sierra Nevada  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for statistical analysis, with a detection probability of 0.25. I detected saw-whets in a wide range of conditions and it appeared that few factors influenced their distribution in the basin. Areas dominated by white fir, however, were correlated with the absence...

Groce, Julie Elizabeth

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

151

Sea-level rise orfall? SIR -Schneider' provides just one ex-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and energy production? Such questions can be addressed by comparing the data on the history of previous from various sources: projections of US energy demand in 2000 AD (heavy dotted line); measured distribution (heavy broken dash line) corres- ponding to the sample size per bin fir the energy data

Shlyakhter, Ilya

152

A fourier spectrometer for studying the radiation from Josephson Junctions  

SciTech Connect

The paper describes a Fourier spectrometer designed to study the radiation generated by a Josephson junction in the millimeter and FIR bands with a resolution of {approx}2 GHz in the two-pass mode and {approx}1 GHz in the multipass mode. A feature is that one Josephson junctions operates as both generator and detector at the same time.

Verevkin, A.A.; Il`in, V.A.; Lipatov, A.P. [V.I. Lenin Moscow Pedagogical State Univ., Moscow (Russian Federation)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Original article Belowground biomass and nutrient content in a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Original article Belowground biomass and nutrient content in a 47-year-old Douglas-fir plantation, France (Received 17 July 2000; accepted 6 October 2000) Abstract ­ Biomass and nutrient content and root biomass or nutrient content were observed. The root biomass was 58 t of dry matter, which was 18

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

154

132nd AAAS ANNUAL MEETING  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Waring (Oregon State University). Estimating biomass and productivity in fir-spruce-birch...utilizing the t special EMI CsSb box and grid design. Typical gain of 3 x 106 at 1100...Place gel slab on its side in separating grid (shown below) of EC 730 ELUTION CONVECTION...

1965-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

155

Wood and Fiber Science, 37(2), 2005, pp. 304313 2005 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood and Fiber Science, 37(2), 2005, pp. 304­313 © 2005 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology EFFECTS OF PRUNING ON WOOD DENSITY AND TRACHEID LENGTH IN YOUNG DOUGLAS-FIR Barbara L. Gartner Professor Dept. of Wood Science and Engineering Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331 James M. Robbins

Lachenbruch, Barbara

156

PART III DIVISION 9 PAGE 1 RUTGERS DESIGN STANDARDS MANUAL MAY 2008 DIVISION 09 FINISHES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Electrical Closets and Mechanical Rooms Armstrong School Zone Fine Fissured #466 24"x48" panels, square lay: Armstrong Mesa #680 for 2 x2 Armstrong Mesa#683 for 2 x4 NRC rating: .60 HumiGuard Plus BioBlock 55% recycled content / $ Upgrade: Armstrong Ultima #1911 for 2 x2 Armstrong Ultima #1914 fir 2x4 Beveled

157

SCIENTIFIC NOTES AND NEWS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...annouLncements of whieh v.'ill appear lat-er. PROFESSOR Z. B. JEFFERY delivered a lecture on October 9 on Einstein's theory of...ainniversary of the fir-st lecture in lhemistry at Yale by Professor Benjamin Silliman on April 4 1804. LADY LOCKYER and Miss Lockyer are...

1922-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

158

Plant Pathology (2005) 54, 3645 Doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3059.2004.01110.x 36 2005 BSPP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

disease in fir and mixed conifer forests of Bhutan, Eastern Himalayas. The species causing this disease, Pretoria, South Africa; b Institute of Forest Entomology, Forest Pathology and Forest Protection (IFFF), Department of Forest and Soil Sciences, BOKU ­ University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences

159

Technical Report Research Disciplines: Ecology ~ Geology ~ Geomorphology ~ Hydrology ~ Pedology ~ Silviculture ~ Wildlife  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Silvicultural Systems on Windthrow and Conifer Regeneration in a Coastal, Douglas-Fir-Dominated Forest: Summary ~ Silviculture ~ Wildlife Forest Research Vancouver Forest Region 2100 Labieux Road, Nanaimo, BC, Canada, V9T 6E9, 250-751-7001 TR-007 Silviculture March 2001 Roberts Creek Study Forest Effects of Alternative

160

L o s P a d r e s N F A n g e l e s N F  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The lower montane landscape (approximately 3,000 to 5,000 feet) contains patches of conifer/live oak forest California: bigcone Douglas-fir forest and Coulter pine forest. The montane conifer landscape (approximately the southernmost extension of coastal redwood forest. #12;Figure 2.17. Areas shown in red are montane conifer

Standiford, Richard B.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

ECOLOGICAL SYSTEM VIABILITY SPECIFICATIONS FOR SOUTHERN ROCKY MOUNTAIN ECOREGION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

--MATRIX ......................................................................................... 46 MONTANE MOIST - MESIC MIXED CONIFER FOREST ECOLOGICAL SYSTEM--MATRIX....................................................................................................... 51 MONTANE DRY-MESIC MIXED CONIFER FOREST ECOLOGICAL SYSTEM- -MATRIX@lamar.colostate.edu http:www.cnhp.colostate.edu 2001 Front cover: Alpine tundra dry meadow, spruce-fir moist mesic forest

162

Patterns of Mortality in an Old-Growth Mixed-Conifer Forest of the Southern Sierra Nevada, California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Patterns of Mortality in an Old-Growth Mixed-Conifer Forest of the Southern Sierra Nevada-growth, mixed-conifer forest, in the absence of wildfire, were investigated at the Teakettle Experimental Forest. Mortality levels were proportional to the population size of the five dominant conifer species, white fir

North, Malcolm

163

45USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-160. 1997. Management of OaksWithin the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,372,000 Oaks are also found as a stand component in many of the conifer forest types as well. Westside Ponderosa Pine, Sierrian Mixed Conifer, Klamath Mixed Conifer, and Douglas-fir forest all contain important and Tanoak/Madrone types along with the conifer forests on each National Forest. These ground-based sample

Standiford, Richard B.

164

7USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-202. 2007 Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the historical and current conditions of conifer- ous forests of southern Utah to aid in the development),Engelmannspruce(Piceaengelmannii), and subalpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa) occur. Species dominance in these mixed conifer forests is mainly-agedgroupsandgrassymeadowsbetween #12;8 USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-202. 2007 Chapter 2--Ponderosa Pine, Mixed Conifer

Fried, Jeremy S.

165

o Fences roun Fi JAMES L. MURPHY AND HARRY E. SCHIMKE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

clover (Chamaebatia foliosa), and manzanita brush r..Q.t9J~...tgRholus viscida). There were twoo Fences roun Fi JAMES L. MURPHY AND HARRY E. SCHIMKE ABSTRACT: Five meshes (1/8 to 1 inch) of 16-breaks - -retard them until fir e crews a r r i v ed, costs of installing and maintaining fences might be justified

Standiford, Richard B.

166

Area and Throughput Trade-Offs in the Design of Pipelined Discrete Wavelet Transform Architectures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Area and Throughput Trade-Offs in the Design of Pipelined Discrete Wavelet Transform Architectures wavelet transform (DWT) as a linear space-to-frequency transform of the image domain in an irreversible compression. This irreversible discrete wavelet transform is implemented by FIR filter using 9/7 Daubechies

Boyer, Edmond

167

Sensor applications have now touched onto the realms of real-time data processing involving  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sensing needs, coupled with an interface integrating up to gigabyte scale energy efficient data storage sound / voice samples. Such applications demand real time storage, filtering, frequency domain analysis involving algorithms as sophisticated as Fast Fourier Transform (FFT), Finite Impulse Response (FIR

Najjar, Walid A.

168

Infrared reflectance and transmission spectra in II-VI alloys and superlattices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Room temperature measurements of the far-infrared (FIR) reflectance spectra are reported for the polar optical phonons in a series of bulk Cd[subscript x]Zn[subscript 1?x]Te (0 ? x ? 1) and CdSe[subscript x]Te[subscript ...

Talwar, Devki N.

169

1 of 1 | Last Upd roadmap is a re  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mentals of Tax ples of Microecon ent ent [15Credit Ho nting Software uction to Cost A ples of Macroeco s and shaded are mary (visit w Kent Core Catego dit hours) 21011; HONR 1 ritical Reasonin ne Arts (3 credit credit hours) credit hours) Title [17 Credit Ho nting I: Financia uction to Busin on Kent State: Fir ent

Sheridan, Scott

170

Nitrogen Dynamics in Stream Wood Samples Incubated with [14C]Lignocellulose and Potassium [15N]Nitrate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Science, 2 and Fisheries and Wildlife, 3 Oregon State University...Science, and Fisheries and Wildlife, Oregon State University...Science,2 and Fisheries and Wildlife,3 Oregon State University...Douglas fir log that had been wind-felled 7 years previously...

Nicholas G. Aumen; Peter J. Bottomley; Stan V. Gregory

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Religious Festivals December 2011 Buddhist Festivals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. In many parts of Asia, Buddhist families, particularly in Japan, will hang bright lights on ficus trees is the season of preparation for Christmas, the feast of Christ's birth. `Advent' derives from the Latin for celebrating the birth of the Jesus Christ, the light of the world. Advent wreaths made with fir branches

Henderson, Gideon

172

BIBLIOGRAPHY 0 P Autho r Ind -19  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Branch of Reports Bureau of Commercial Fis h er i es U .S . Fis h and Wildlife Service Seattle for the guidance of fis hery products ins pectors and is not fo r public dislribu- lion.) United States stan dards for grades of frozen ra w breaded fis h p o rtions. (March ), (Fir st iss ue ) 7 p . Gauglitz, E rich J. , Jr

173

USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-18. 2001. 377 1Pike and San Isabel National Forests,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-18. 2001. 377 1Pike and San Isabel National Forests, USDA Forest Service, Pueblo, CO. Aspen Regeneration in South-Central Colorado, San Isabel National Forest Tim regeneration. Following harvest, the Douglas-fir and some Engelmann spruce stands in the Arkansas Hills area

174

ioEegions2of2the2gliforni2rovine2qrdens 0 250 500 750 1,000125  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forest North Coast Maritime Chaparral/ North Coast Prarie North Coast Range-outer Northern California Habitat Redwood Forest/Riparian Santa Cruz Mountain Douglas Fir Forest Santa Cruz Mountain Flora Santa Cruz Region Ponderosa Pine/ Sand Hills Valley Oak Woodland Western Klamath Ranges 1 2 3 4 5 8 7 6 9 10

California at Santa Cruz, University of

175

THE ORIGIN OF LAND PLANTS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...alone remain to remind us of their past glories. The more humble ferns and club-mosses still play an important role in the...seed plants still existing, the conifers-pines, firs, redwood, etc.-are the most nu-merous and familiar. The flowers...

Douglas H. Campbell

1930-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

176

Lee J Rickard Long Wavelength Array  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning ICD Interface Control Document ION Ionosphere ­ in WBS, refers Monitoring & Control System MMIC Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuit MRO Magdalena Ridge Observatory Design Review CIC Cascaded IntegratorComb ­ a combination of FIR filter and decimator CME Coronal

Ellingson, Steven W.

177

PlainsCottonwood QuakingAspen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: 20 to 50 feet. Habitat: Open woodlands, alone or with junipers on dry rocky foothills, mesas on young trees; nearly 3 inches thick, red-orange and furrowed into large flat scaly plates on mature trees-fir, Rocky Mountain juniper and spruce. Relation to Fire: Resistant to fire, due to open crowns, thick

178

The Approximation of Outage Probability and the Trade-off between Capacity and Diversity for the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

line channel model in [5]) at high SNR, and give approximations of the outage probability at lowThe Approximation of Outage Probability and the Trade-off between Capacity and Diversity of the equivalent FIR channel filter. The error probability is bounded by the outage probability and the error

Scharf, Louis

179

2011 New England Guide To Chemical Weed and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or Garlon to control perennial weeds, ferns and brush. 7. Keep good records of equipment calibration in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914: the United States Department for field-grown stock. Four-year transplants or "plugs plus one" of spruces and firs are recommended

New Hampshire, University of

180

Conference to Feature Student Research : UVM The View http://www.uvm.edu/theview/article.php?print=true&id=2680 1 of 2 5/29/2008 4:09 PM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conference to Feature Student Research : UVM The View http://www.uvm.edu/theview/article.php Student Research By The View Staff URL: http://www.uvm.edu/theview/article.php?id=2680 It's fitting The View http://www.uvm.edu/theview/article.php?print=true&id=2680 2 of 2 5/29/2008 4:09 PM to make things

Neher, Deborah A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Stand-scale tree mortality factors differ by site and species following drought in southwestern mixed conifer forests  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Impacts of drought on tree mortality in high-elevation mixed-conifer forests of southwestern U.S. are poorly understood. A recent extended and severe drought in the region provided an opportunity to investigate the patterns and factors associated with tree mortality in this forest type. Specifically, we quantified mortality that occurred between 1995 and 2008 of four tree species, white fir (Abies concolor), limber pine (Pinus flexilis), trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides), and Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), in mixed-conifer forests over three sites in northern Arizona within 84, 0.02ha plots. We found: (1) varied but substantial tree mortality (456% by basal area) in most species between 1996 and 2006 in association with recent severe and prolonged drought; (2) tree mortality differed among sites and species with aspen and white fir having the most mortality (>30% by basal area); (3) relationships between tree mortality and most climatic factors (e.g. temperature, precipitation, Palmer Drought Severity Index) were lagged 14yr; (4) bark beetle attack and intraspecific tree basal area were consistently and positively related to tree mortality for most species and sites, whereas topographic and other stand characteristics were less consistently related to mortality. Results show that aspen, Douglas-fir, and white fir were more vulnerable to recent drought-associated mortality than limber pine. Associations between tree mortality and intraspecific basal area support further evaluation of treatments that reduce intraspecific competition within stands to lower risks of tree mortality in southwestern mixed conifer forests.

Jeffrey M. Kane; Thomas E. Kolb; Joel D. McMillin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Junipers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Junipers Junipers Nature Bulletin No. 362-A December 13, 1969 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation JUNIPERS Many years ago, on a farm in hilly regions of the Middle West, the Christmas tree was apt to be a "cedar" selected from those that punctuated the hillsides and pastures. According to the notebooks kept by the first surveyors of Cook County, in the 1830' s, there were cedars here. If we had them now they would not only add character and beauty to the landscape, especially in winter, but also furnish food and cover for many birds and small mammals. Actually, this tree is a juniper, known commercially and in tree books as Eastern Redcedar. The name "cedar" is very confusing. Instead of being used for one type of evergreen -- such as pine, spruce, fir or hemlock -- it has been applied to junipers, whitecedars, cypresses and other kinds of trees. None of the true cedars is native to this country but the Cedar of Lebanon, the Atlas Cedar from the mountains of North Africa, and the Deodar of "god tree" of the Himalayas have been extensively planted for ornamental purposes.

183

12/4/09 10:18 AMComputer Power User Article -X-ray Vision: Built-In Repair Centers Page 1 of 1http://www.computerpoweruser.com/editorial/article.asp?article=art...B2C52BEC685E6F18&searchtype=0&WordList=JEFFREY+MOORE&bJumpTo=True  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://www.computerpoweruser.com/editorial/article.asp?article=art...B2C52BEC685E6F18&searchtype=0&WordList=JEFFREY+MOORE&bJumpTo=True Home | Forums | Article Search

Braun, Paul

184

Commissioning of Photon Beams of a Flattening Filter-Free Linear Accelerator and the Accuracy of Beam Modeling Using an Anisotropic Analytical Algorithm;TrueBeam; Flattening filter free; Commissioning; Anisotropic analytical algorithm  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To investigate dosimetric characteristics of a new linear accelerator designed to deliver flattened, as well as flattening filter-free (FFF), beams. To evaluate the accuracy of beam modeling under physical conditions using an anisotropic analytical algorithm. Methods and Materials: Dosimetric data including depth dose curves, profiles, surface dose, penumbra, out-of-field dose, output, total and scatter factors were examined for four beams (X6, X6FFF, X10, and X10FFF) of Varian's TrueBeam machine. Beams modeled by anisotropic analytical algorithm were compared with measured dataset. Results: FFF beams have lower mean energy (tissue-phantom ratio at the depths of 20 and 10 cm (TPR 20/10): X6, 0.667; X6FFF, 0.631; X10, 0.738; X10FFF, 0.692); maximum dose is located closer to the surface; and surface dose increases by 10%. FFF profiles have sharper but faster diverging penumbra. For small fields and shallow depths, dose outside a field is lower for FFF beams; however, the advantage fades with increasing phantom scatter. Output increases 2.26 times for X6FFF and 4.03 times for X10FFF and is less variable with field size; collimator exchange effect is reduced. A good agreement between modeled and measured data is observed. Criteria of 2% depth-dose and 2-mm distance-to-agreement are always met. Conclusion: Reference dosimetric characteristics of TrueBeam photon bundles were obtained, and successful modeling of the beams was achieved.

Hrbacek, Jan, E-mail: jan.hrbacek@usz.ch [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Zuerich, Zuerich (Switzerland); Lang, Stephanie; Kloeck, Stephan [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Zuerich, Zuerich (Switzerland)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

185

True Performance Metrics in Electrochemical Energy Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...capacitance. An extreme case would be the use of a carbon aerogel with 90% porosity. The volumetric energy of such an electrode will...material used in a micrometer-thin film on a chip or a nanotube coating on a smart fabric is negligible. These systems may show a...

Y. Gogotsi; P. Simon

2011-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

186

Generation of True 3D Films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nebel,J-C. LNCS 2197, International Conference on Virtual Storytelling 2001, September 27-28, 2001, Avignon, France pp 10-19 Springer

Nebel, J-C.

187

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

71 - 5080 of 31,917 results. 71 - 5080 of 31,917 results. Download PMCDP_Newsletter_February_2011_SHR.pdf http://energy.gov/management/downloads/pmcdpnewsletterfebruary2011shrpdf Download February 2011 PMCDP Newsletter http://energy.gov/management/downloads/february-2011-pmcdp-newsletter Article Researchers Borrow From Fir Tree to Create Biodiesel Researchers at the Office of Science's Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) have tapped an unlikely source to help create a renewable alternative to diesel fuel. http://energy.gov/articles/researchers-borrow-fir-tree-create-biodiesel Download Flash2011-30(1).pdf http://energy.gov/management/downloads/flash2011-301pdf Download EA-1557: Final Environmental Assessment National Security Test Range http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/ea-1557-final-environmental-assessment

188

Document  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

586 586 Federal Register / Vol. 64, No. 143 / Tuesday, July 27, 1999 / Notices Telephone: (202) 205-9817. If you use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD), you may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1- 800-877-8339. However, the Department is not able to reproduce in an alternate format the standard forms included in the application package. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Sylvia Johnson, U.S. Department of Education, 400 Maryland Avenue, SW. (room 3318, Switzer Building), Washington, DC 20202-2649. Telephone (202) 205-9312. If you use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD), you may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1- 800-877-8339. Individuals with disabilities may obtain this document in an alternate format (e.g., Braille, large print,

189

Native Evergreens  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evergreens Evergreens Nature Bulletin No. 173-A December 12, 1964 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation NATIVE EVERGREENS There are few native evergreens in this region. Your Christmas tree -- unless it is one of those glistening imitations -- is likely to be a young spruce, balsam fir, or Scotch pine from Wisconsin, Michigan, Minnesota or Canada, perhaps a Douglas fir from the northwest. Long years ago, at Christmas time in many parts of rural Illinois, it was customary to search the hillsides and pastures for a well-shaped young cedar to be brought home as a Christmas tree. Or, if there was none, a young oak. They were decorated with strings of popcorn, cranberries and tinsel, chains of colored paper, and lighted with candles wired to the branches.

190

Far-IR and radio thermal continua in solar flares  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the invention of new far-infrared (FIR) and radio mm and sub-mm instruments (DESIR on SMESE satellite, ESO-ALMA), there is a growing interest in observations and analysis of solar flares in this so far unexplored wavelength region. Two principal radiation mechanisms play a role: the synchrotron emission due to accelerated particle beams moving in the magnetic field and the thermal emission due to the energy deposit in the lower atmospheric layers. In this contribution we explore the time-dependent effects of beams on thermal FIR and radio continua. We show how and where these continua are formed in the presence of time dependent beam heating and non-thermal excitation/ionisation of the chromospheric hydrogen plasma.

Kaparov, J; Karlick, M; Moravec, Z; Varady, M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

SOFIA Astronomy and Technology in the 21st Century  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOFIA, the Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy mounted on-board a Boeing 747SP will open a new era in MIR/FIR astronomy. Starting in 2002, SOFIA will offer German and American astronomers a unique platform, providing regular access to the entire MIR and FIR wavelength range between 5 micron and 300 micron part of which is otherwise inaccessible from the ground. SOFIAs 2.7m mirror and optimized telescope system combines the highest available spatial resolution with excellent sensitivity. SOFIA will operate in both celestial hemispheres for the next two decades. In this paper we present an overview of the SOFIA project and the science that this observatory will be able to address.

Krabbe, A; Krabbe, Alfred; Roeser, Hans-Peter

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

SOFIA Astronomy and Technology in the 21st Century  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOFIA, the Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy mounted on-board a Boeing 747SP will open a new era in MIR/FIR astronomy. Starting in 2002, SOFIA will offer German and American astronomers a unique platform, providing regular access to the entire MIR and FIR wavelength range between 5 micron and 300 micron part of which is otherwise inaccessible from the ground. SOFIAs 2.7m mirror and optimized telescope system combines the highest available spatial resolution with excellent sensitivity. SOFIA will operate in both celestial hemispheres for the next two decades. In this paper we present an overview of the SOFIA project and the science that this observatory will be able to address.

Alfred Krabbe; Hans-Peter Roeser

1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

193

Comments on the paper "The initial conditions of isolated star formation - VI. SCUBA mapping of prestellar cores" (Kirk et al. 2005)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In their survey paper of prestellar cores with SCUBA, Kirk et al. (2005) have discarded two of our papers on L183 (Pagani et al. 2003, 2004). However these papers bring two important pieces of information that they cannot ignore. Namely, the real structure of L183 and the very poor correlation between submillimeter and far infrared (FIR) dust emission beyond \\Avb $\\approx$ 15 mag. Making the erroneous assumption that it is the same dust that we are seeing in emission at both 200 and 850 $\\mu$m, they derive constant temperatures which are only approximate, and column densities which are too low. In fact dust temperatures do decrease inside dark clouds and the FIR emission is only tracing the outer parts of the dark clouds (Pagani et al. 2004)

Laurent Pagani; Guilaine Lagache

2005-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

194

Industrial Energy Conservation, Forced Internal Recirculation Burner  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this research project is to develop and evaluate an industrial low NOx burner for existing and new gas-fired combustion systems for intermediate temperature (1400 degree to 2000 degree F) industrial heating devices such as watertube boilers and process fluid heaters. A multi-phase effort is being pursued with decision points to determine advisability of continuance. The current contract over Phases II and III of this work. The objectives of each phase are as follows. Phase II - to design, fabricate, and evaluate prototype burners based on the Forced Internal Recirculation (FIR) concept. Phase III - to evaluate the performance of an FIR burner under actual operating conditions in a full-scale field test and establish the performance necessary for subsequent commercialization

Joseph Rabovitser

2003-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

195

Vibration mitigation in J-TEXT far-infrared diagnostic systems  

SciTech Connect

Optical structure stability is an important issue for far-infrared (FIR) phase measurements. To ensure good signal quality, influence of vibration should be minimized. Mechanical amelioration and optical optimization can be taken in turn to decrease vibration's influence and ensure acceptable measurement. J-TEXT (Joint Texal Experiment Tokamak, formerly TEXT-U) has two FIR diagnostic systems: a HCN interferometer system for electron density measurement and a three-wave polarimeter-interferometer system (POLARIS) for electron density and Faraday effect measurements. All use phase detection techniques. HCN interferometer system has almost eliminated the influence of vibration after mechanical amelioration and optical optimization. POLARIS also obtained first experimental results after mechanical stability improvements and is expected to further reduce vibration's influence on Faraday angle to 0.1 Degree-Sign after optical optimization.

Li, Q.; Chen, J.; Zhuang, G.; Wang, Z. J.; Gao, L.; Chen, W. [State Key Laboratory of Advanced Electromagnetic Engineering and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

196

Copyright 2012 AmeriCAn ChemiCAl SoCiety  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-0-8412-2817-7 printeD in the UniteD StAteS of AmeriCA #12;Creating Safety CultureS in aCademiC inStitutionS: a report of the Safety Culture taSk forCe of the aCS Committee on ChemiCal Safety firSt edition a publiS Safety Culture task force

Whitton, Mary C.

197

MFR PAPER 1107 Some Marketing Considerations with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INTRODUCTION rhere I, Ilne lh lng \\\\e ca n ,a) ahoul lhe Cllnlcl1lpllran li,h mar\\...el lng ,cene Illlhll i,h IIltll a realll) MARKETING PRO BLEMS \\\\ hat th:n .lrL the mar\\...el lng Pfllh- 11111, \\\\ Ith 'c\\...e end prllduct )' Hrnaull ,pea\\...lng \\Ie can Idellt!l, I'ur ul'>llnct pfl)hlcm, FIr,t. there I

198

The determination of volumes of forage produced after one year of protection in pine-hardwood stand as compared with production under current grazing practices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?pyloaoatol torose te ihe o?aer bai also aotleoaMr rogaoe4 iho fir? hasar4. %tr last riatoasat Ls I? soapleto agrasaoat ?Lth ylo??D. , ot al (lye2). A sio4p by Casoagp (1951) showeg that grass prosastioa la tho pl?ef woo4s of Loclrlaaa a?4 oas'I O'rise wao Lafll4...

Seamans, Robert L

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

199

PHOTOMETRIC REDSHIFTS OF SUBMILLIMETER GALAXIES  

SciTech Connect

We use the photometric redshift method of Chakrabarti and McKee to infer photometric redshifts of submillimeter galaxies with far-IR (FIR) Herschel data obtained as part of the PACS Evolutionary Probe program. For the sample with spectroscopic redshifts, we demonstrate the validity of this method over a large range of redshifts (4 {approx}> z {approx}> 0.3) and luminosities, finding an average accuracy in (1 + z{sub phot})/(1 + z{sub spec}) of 10%. Thus, this method is more accurate than other FIR photometric redshift methods. This method is different from typical FIR photometric methods in deriving redshifts from the light-to-gas mass (L/M) ratio of infrared-bright galaxies inferred from the FIR spectral energy distribution, rather than dust temperatures. To assess the dependence of our photometric redshift method on the data in this sample, we contrast the average accuracy of our method when we use PACS data, versus SPIRE data, versus both PACS and SPIRE data. We also discuss potential selection effects that may affect the Herschel sample. Once the redshift is derived, we can determine physical properties of infrared-bright galaxies, including the temperature variation within the dust envelope, luminosity, mass, and surface density. We use data from the GOODS-S field to calculate the star formation rate density (SFRD) of submillimeter bright sources detected by AzTEC and PACS. The AzTEC-PACS sources, which have a threshold 850 {mu}m flux {approx}> 5 mJy, contribute 15% of the SFRD from all ultraluminous infrared galaxies (L{sub IR} {approx}> 10{sup 12} L{sub Sun }), and 3% of the total SFRD at z {approx} 2.

Chakrabarti, Sukanya [School of Physics and Astronomy, Rochester Institute of Technology, 84 Lomb Memorial Drive, Rochester, NY 14623 (United States); Magnelli, Benjamin; Lutz, Dieter; Berta, Stefano; Popesso, Paola [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1312, Giessenbachstrasse 1, D-85741 Garching (Germany); McKee, Christopher F. [Physics and Astronomy Departments, UC Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Pozzi, Francesca, E-mail: chakrabarti@astro.rit.edu [Dipartimento di Astronomia, Universita degli Studi di Bologna, Via Ranzani 1, I-40127 Bologna (Italy)

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

200

Catalogue of the Flora of Texas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.) Kunze 4 ......................... normalis C . Chr . (D . patens Kunze) 1-2-3-4-5 ................. Thelypteris (L.) A . Gray Marsh Shieldfern 1-2 GYMNOPTERIS hispida (Mett.) Underw . (Bommeria hispida Underw.). ........ 6 NOTHOLAENA... ................................... . Taeda L Loblolly Pine 1-2 CATALOGUE OF THE FLORA OF TEXAS 13 PSEUDOTSUGA mucronata (Raf.) Sudw . Douglas Fir ....................... 6 TAXODIUM .............. distichum (L.) L . C . Rich Southern Cypress 1-2-3-4-5...

Cory, V. L. (Vivian L.); Parks, Harris Bradley

1937-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

De-Confusing blended field images using graphs and bayesian priors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new technique for overcoming confusion noise in deep far-infrared \\Herschel space telescope images making use of prior information from shorter $\\lambdadistribution function of fluxes subject to these priors through Monte Carlo Markov Chain (MCMC) sampling by fitting the image. Assuming we can predict FIR flux of sources based on ultraviolet-optical part of their SEDs to within an order of magnitude, the simulations show that we can obtain reliable fluxes and uncertainties...

Safarzadeh, Mohammadtaher; Lu, Yu; Inami, Hanae; Somerville, Rachel S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Radio--Far infrared correlation in "blue cloud" galaxies with 0  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the radio--far infrared (FIR) correlation in "blue cloud" galaxies chosen from the PRism MUltiobject Survey (PRIMUS) up to redshift ($z$) of 1.2 in the XMM-LSS field. We use rest-frame emission at 1.4 GHz in the radio and both monochromatic (at 70$\\mu$m) and bolometric (between $8-1000~\\mu$m) emission in the FIR. To probe the nature of the correlation up to $z\\sim1.2$, where direct detection of blue star-forming galaxies is impossible with current technology, we employ the technique of image stacking at 0.325 and 1.4 GHz in the radio and in six infrared bands, viz. 24, 70, 160, 250, 350 and $500~\\mu$m. For comparison, we also study the correlation for more luminous galaxies that are directly detected. The stacking analysis allows us to probe the radio--FIR correlation for galaxies that are up to 2 orders of magnitude fainter than the ones detected directly. The $k-$correction in the infrared wavebands is obtained by fitting the observed spectral energy distribution (SED) with a composite mid-IR power...

Basu, Aritra; Beelen, Alexandre; Singh, Veeresh; Archana, K N; Sirothia, Sandeep; Ishwara-Chandra, C H

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

THE ABSENCE OF COLD DUST AROUND WARM DEBRIS DISK STAR HD 15407A  

SciTech Connect

We report Herschel and AKARI photometric observations at far-infrared (FIR) wavelengths of the debris disk around the F3V star HD 15407A, in which the presence of an extremely large amount of warm dust ({approx}500-600 K) has been suggested by mid-infrared (MIR) photometry and spectroscopy. The observed flux densities of the debris disk at 60-160 {mu}m are clearly above the photospheric level of the star, suggesting excess emission at FIR as well as at MIR wavelengths previously reported. The observed FIR excess emission is consistent with the continuum level extrapolated from the MIR excess, suggesting that it originates in the inner warm debris dust and cold dust ({approx}50-130 K) is absent in the outer region of the disk. The absence of cold dust does not support a late-heavy-bombardment-like event as the origin of the large amount of warm debris dust around HD 15047A.

Fujiwara, Hideaki [Subaru Telescope, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 650 North A'ohoku Pl., Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Onaka, Takashi [Department of Astronomy, School of Science, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Takita, Satoshi; Kataza, Hirokazu; Murakami, Hiroshi [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan); Yamashita, Takuya [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-0015 (Japan); Fukagawa, Misato [Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, 1-1 Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan); Ishihara, Daisuke, E-mail: hideaki@naoj.org [Department of Physics, School of Science, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8602 (Japan)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

The Host Galaxies of X-ray Quasars Are Not Strong Star Formers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use ultradeep SCUBA-2 850um observations (~0.37 mJy rms) of the 2 Ms CDF-N and 4 Ms CDF-S X-ray fields to examine the amount of dusty star formation taking place in the host galaxies of high-redshift X-ray AGNs. Supplementing with COSMOS, we measure the submillimeter fluxes of the 4-8 keV sources at z>1, finding little flux at the highest X-ray luminosities but significant flux at intermediate luminosities. We determine grey body and MIR luminosities by fitting spectral energy distributions to each X-ray source and to each radio source in an ultradeep Karl G. Jansky VLA 1.4 GHz (11.5uJy at 5-sigma) image of the CDF-N. We confirm the FIR-radio and MIR-radio correlations to z=4 using the non-X-ray detected radio sources. Both correlations are also obeyed by the X-ray less luminous AGNs but not by the X-ray quasars. We interpret the low FIR luminosities relative to the MIR for the X-ray quasars as being due to a lack of star formation, while the MIR stays high due to the AGN contribution. We find that the FIR...

Barger, A J; Owen, F N; Chen, C -C; Hasinger, G; Hsu, L -Y; Li, Y

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Far-Infrared Properties of Blue Compact Dwarf Galaxies Observed with AKARI/Far-Infrared Surveyor (FIS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report basic far-infrared (FIR) properties of eight blue compact dwarf galaxies (BCDs) observed by AKARI. We measure the fluxes at the four FIS bands (wavelengths of 65 um, 90 um, 140 um, and 160 um). Based on these fluxes, we estimate basic quantities about dust: dust temperature, dust mass, and total FIR luminosity. We find that the typical dust temperature of the BCD sample is systematically higher than that of normal spiral galaxies, although there is a large variety. The interstellar radiation field estimated from the dust temperature ranges up to 100 times of the Galactic value. This confirms the concentrated star-forming activity in BCDs. The star formation rate can be evaluated from the FIR luminosity as 0.01--0.5 $M_\\odot$ yr$^{-1}$. Combining this quantity with gas mass taken from the literature, we estimate the gas consumption timescales (gas mass divided by the star formation rate), which prove to span a wide range from 1 Gyr to 100 Gyr. A natural interpretation of this large variety can be provided by intermittent star formation activity. We finally show the relation between dust-to-gas ratio and metallicity (we utilize our estimate of dust mass, and take other necessary quantities from the literature). There is a positive correlation between dust-to-gas ratio and metallicity as expected from chemical evolution models.

Hiroyuki Hirashita; Hidehiro Kaneda; Takashi Onaka; Toyoaki Suzuki

2008-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

206

Index of /research/alcator/facility/Procedures/DIAGNOSTICS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DIAGNOSTICS DIAGNOSTICS [ICO] Name Last modified Size Description [DIR] Parent Directory - [ ] DNB Emergency Off Procedures42208.pdf 22-Apr-2008 15:58 73K [ ] DNB Emergency Off Procedures reva.pdf 04-Dec-2008 07:02 74K [ ] DNB Interim Safety Procedures050608.pdf 06-May-2008 14:11 1.2M [ ] FIR Laser Pumpout Procedure Rev 1.00.pdf 23-Apr-2008 16:05 22K [ ] FIR Laser Startup Procedure Rev 1.00.pdf 23-Apr-2008 16:05 29K [ ] FIR Laser Venting Procedure Rev 1.00.pdf 23-Apr-2008 16:05 22K [ ] Safety procedure for deuterium DNB operation.pdf 09-Jul-2003 13:01 8.2K [TXT] Safety procedure for deuterium DNB operation.txt 09-Jul-2003 13:01 4.5K [ ] TCI Window Cleaning.pdf 07-May-2003 14:32 62K [TXT] TCI Window Cleaning.txt 06-May-2003 14:38 3.2K

207

NGC 4656UV: A UV-SELECTED TIDAL DWARF GALAXY CANDIDATE  

SciTech Connect

We report the discovery of a UV-bright tidal dwarf galaxy (TDG) candidate in the NGC 4631/4656 galaxy group, which we designate NGC 4656UV. Using survey and archival data spanning from 1.4 GHz to the ultraviolet, we investigate the gas kinematics and stellar properties of this system. The H I morphologies of NGC 4656UV and its parent galaxy NGC 4656 are extremely disturbed, with significant amounts of counterrotating and extraplanar gas. From UV-FIR photometry, computed using a new method to correct for surface gradients on faint objects, we find that NGC 4656UV has no significant dust opacity and a blue spectral energy distribution. We compute a star formation rate of 0.027 M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1} from the far-ultraviolet flux and measure a total H I mass of 3.8 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 8} M{sub Sun} for the object. Evolutionary synthesis modeling indicates that NGC 4656UV is a low-metallicity system whose only major burst of star formation occurred within the last {approx}260-290 Myr. The age of the stellar population is consistent with a rough timescale for a recent tidal interaction between NGC 4656 and NGC 4631, although we discuss the true nature of the object-whether it is tidal or pre-existing in origin-in the context of its metallicity being a factor of 10 lower than its parent galaxy. We estimate that NGC 4656UV is either marginally bound or unbound. If bound, it contains relatively low amounts of dark matter. The abundance of archival data allows for a deeper investigation into this dynamic system than is currently possible for most TDG candidates.

Schechtman-Rook, Andrew; Hess, Kelley M., E-mail: andrew@astro.wisc.edu, E-mail: hess@ast.uct.ac.za [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 475 North Charter Street, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)

2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

208

FIRST DETECTIONS OF THE [N II] 122 {mu}m LINE AT HIGH REDSHIFT: DEMONSTRATING THE UTILITY OF THE LINE FOR STUDYING GALAXIES IN THE EARLY UNIVERSE  

SciTech Connect

We report the first detections of the [N II] 122 {mu}m line from a high-redshift galaxy. The line was strongly (>6{sigma}) detected from SMMJ02399-0136, and H1413+117 (the Cloverleaf QSO) using the Redshift (z) and Early Universe Spectrometer on the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory. The lines from both sources are quite bright with line to far-infrared (FIR) continuum luminosity ratios that are {approx}7.0 x 10{sup -4} (Cloverleaf) and 2.1 x 10{sup -3} (SMMJ02399). With ratios 2-10 times larger than the average value for nearby galaxies, neither source exhibits the line-to-continuum deficits seen in nearby sources. The line strengths also indicate large ionized gas fractions, {approx}8%-17% of the molecular gas mass. The [O III]/[N II] line ratio is very sensitive to the effective temperature of ionizing stars and the ionization parameter for emission arising in the narrow-line region (NLR) of an active galactic nucleus (AGN). Using our previous detection of the [O III] 88 {mu}m line, the [O III]/[N II] line ratio for SMMJ02399-0136 indicates that the dominant source of the line emission is either stellar H II regions ionized by O9.5 stars, or the NLR of the AGN with ionization parameter log(U) = -3.3 to -4.0. A composite system, where 30%-50% of the FIR lines arise in the NLR also matches the data. The Cloverleaf is best modeled by a superposition of {approx}200 M82-like starbursts accounting for all of the FIR emission and 43% of the [N II] line. The remainder may come from the NLR. This work demonstrates the utility of the [N II] and [O III] lines in constraining properties of the ionized medium.

Ferkinhoff, Carl; Brisbin, Drew; Nikola, Thomas; Parshley, Stephen C.; Stacey, Gordon J. [Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Phillips, Thomas G. [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Falgarone, Edith [LERMA, CNRS, Observatoire de Paris and ENS (France); Benford, Dominic J.; Staguhn, Johannes G. [Observational Cosmology Laboratory (Code 665), NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Tucker, Carol E., E-mail: cferkinh@astro.cornell.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF24 3AA (United Kingdom)

2011-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

209

Entrance/Exit True CS6.0 Treadmills  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trainer Flat Bench Dumbbell Rack 110lbs. Mats Gopher Weighted Bar Rack 820 lbs. Dumbbell Rack 1520 lbs & Power Systems Balance Pads Exercise Ball Rack Scale Box Balance Pads BOSU Ball Drinking Fountains Pyramid MultiGym Pulley System Hoist 4Way Neck Weights Belt; Resistance Bands Equipment Rack

210

A True Mode of Union: Reconsidering the Cartesian Human Being  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When considering the nature of the human being, Descartes holds two main claims: he believes that the human being is a genuine unity and he also holds that it is comprised of two distinct substances, mind and body. These claims appear to be at odds...

Carlson, Amber

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

211

A true sense of security | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

die because important muscles, including the lungs, become paralyzed. Some of the trains rode for miles before anyone stopped them. Hospitals were overwhelmed. 12 people died...

212

Chinese Scientists Hope to Make Deepest, Darkest Dreams Come True  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...are also talking about observations of atmospheric and solar neutrinos as well as experiments to watch for neutrinoless double-beta decay, an extremely rare phenomenon that might help refine estimates of neutrino mass. Yue doesn't yet know...

Dennis Normile

2009-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

213

Planetary Microlensing Perturbations: True Planets or Binary Sources?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A planetary microlensing event is characterized by a short-lived perturbation to the standard Paczy\\'nski curve. Planetary perturbations typically last from a few hours to a day, and have maximum amplitudes, $\\dmax$, of $5-20%$ of the standard curve. There exist a subset of binary-source events that can reproduce these main features, and thus masquerade as planetary events. These events require a binary source with a small flux ratio, $\\epsil \\sim 10^{-2}-10^{-4}$, and a small impact parameter for the fainter source, $\\beta_2 \\lsim \\epsil / \\dmax$. The detection probability of events of this type is $\\sim \\beta_2$, and can be as high as $\\sim 30%$; this is comparable to planetary detection rates. Thus a sample of planetary-like perturbations could be seriously contaminated by binary-source events, and there exists the possibility that completely meaningless physical parameters would be derived for any given perturbation. Here I derive analytic expressions for a binary-source event in the extreme flux ratio limit, and use these to demonstrate the basic degeneracy between binary source and planet perturbations. I describe how the degeneracy can be broken by dense and accurate sampling of the perturbation, optical/infrared photometry, or spectroscopic measurements.

B. Scott Gaudi

1997-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

214

The dream is a lie, but the dreaming is true  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is about establishing the attributes of sense of place, rather than placelessness, through the observation of what makes a community have the qualities that it does. What is it in its physical, cultural, climatic ...

Vallecillo, Albert

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

NREL: News Feature - Transportation Leader Roots Career in True...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

with staff at the Energy Department's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) to advance the Clean Cities sustainable transportation mission. This June, the Energy...

216

Producing a True Lignin Depolymerase for Biobleaching Softwood Kraft Pulp  

SciTech Connect

This project constituted an intensive effort devoted to producing, from the white-rot fungus Tramets Cingulata, a lignin degrading enzyme (lignin depolymerase) that is directly able to biobleach or delignify softwood kraft pulp brownstock. To this end, the solutions in which T. cingulata was grown contained dissolved kraft lignin which fulfilled two functions; it behaved as a lignin deploymerase substrate and it also appeared to act as an inducer of enzyme expression. However, the lignin depolymerase isoenzymes (and other extracellular T. cingulata enzymes) interacted very strongly with both the kraft lignin components and the fungal hypae, so the isolating these proteins from the culture solutions proved to be unexpectedly difficult. Even after extensive experimentation with a variety of protein purification techniques, only one approach appeared to be capable of purifying lignin depolymerases to homogeneity. Unfortunately the procedure was extremely laborious; it involved the iso electric focusing of concentrated buffer-exchanged culture solutions followed by electro-elution of the desired protein bands from the appropriate polyacrylamide gel segments

Simo Sarkanen

2002-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

217

New ideas, tried-and-true methods boost cleaning efficiency  

SciTech Connect

Process cleaning can cut needed operating time and add to plant waste treatment and/or disposal requirements. Whether a plant takes a clean-in-place (CIP) or an open-and-clean approach, the choice of cleaning materials is important. Cleaning agents must be compatible with the process and equipment and ideally will have no adverse environmental impact. This article describes merits of three cleaning methods: CO[sub 2] as an industrial cleaner; water blasting with soluble polymers; and post-job cleanup with a water-soluble abrasive.

Hodel, A.E.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Y-12 uranium storage facility?a dream come true?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Tennessee near Knoxville. The Manhat- tan Project Clinton Engineer Works was advertising in many surrounding states and hiring was still on the rise in Oak Ridge. Shirley,...

219

Maintaining True Believers: The Evolution and Moderation of Extremist Movements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

programming. Similarly, Hasan Nasrallah?s speeches evidenceby Hamas intermediary Hasan Salama and a wave of suicideil Haniya, Mahmoud Zahar, and Hasan Yousuf, made repeated

McKinney, Matthew James

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Step 6: Make Your Workforce True Partners | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

not part of the energy upgrade program to obtain feedback on how the program is doing. An image of two crossed tools, a screwdriver and a wrench. The Better Buildings Neighborhood...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

No One True Way: Music Education Without Redemptive Truth*  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

I borrow the phrase redemptive truth from Rorty (2001), who argues ... us what to do with ourselves. Redemptive truth thus designates a set of beliefs which ... attempted to satisfy. To believe in redemptive

Wayne D. Bowman

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

On the true energy budget of GRB970508 and 981214  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We emphasize a that since GRB970508 released an energy of Q_g~10^{51} \\Omega ergs in soft gamma rays alone, the actual energy of the e^+e^- p FB driving the blast wave could be considerably higher than this value, Q_{FB} >Q_g. For reasonably large values of \\Omega, as is probably suggested by the radio observations, the value of Q_{FB} ~ 5.10^{51}~t_m^3~n_1 erg, for GRB970508; here t_m is the epoch in months when the associated radio-blastwave degrades to become mildly relativistic. We discuss that it is unlikely that this energy, Q_{FB}~sim 10^{53}erg was liberated by the central engine by a direct electromagnetic mode. On the other hand, as conceived by several previous authors and as is suggested by supernova theories, their FB driving the blast wave is likely to be preceded by a much stronger neutrino burst: \

Abhas Mitra

1998-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

223

Microsoft Word - Tad True QER Testimony (2).docx  

Energy Savers (EERE)

up the area immediately around the pipeline at that location, applying a sleeve or patch around the pipe, and then refilling the area around the pipeline. However, the simple...

224

True solar analogues in the open cluster M67  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The solar analogues are fundamental targets for a better understanding of our Sun and Solar System. Notwithstanding the efforts, this research is usually limited to field stars. The open cluster M67 offers a unique opportunity to search for solar analogues because its chemical composition and age are very similar to those of our star. In this work, we analyze FLAMES@VLT spectra of about one hundred of M67 main sequence stars with the aim to identify solar analogues. We first determine cluster members which are likely not binaries, by combining both proper motions and radial velocity measurements. Then, we concentrate our analysis on the determination of stellar effective temperature, using the analyzes of line-depth ratios and Halpha wings. Finally, we also compute lithium abundance for all the stars. Thanks to the our analysis, we find ten solar analogues, which allow us to derive a solar color (B-V)=0.649+/-0.016 and a cluster distance modulus of 9.63+/-0.08, very close to values found by previous authors. Among them, five are the best solar twins with temperature determinations within 60 K from the solar values. Our results lead us to do further spectroscopic investigations because the solar analogues candidates are suitable for planet search.

K. Biazzo; L. Pasquini; P. Bonifacio; S. Randich; L. R. Bedin

2008-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

225

Wind measurements in Senj underestimation of true bora flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Hydro- logical Service of Croatia (MHS) (http://vrijeme.hr/aktpod_e.php?id=karta& param occurrence (e.g., Vu~eti}, 1991). A Micro- -m-asta cup anemometer was placed on

Belusic, Danijel

226

C:\Eco-SSLs\Check of Attachment 4-1\Draft Final December 2004\Text\Eco-SSL Attachment 4-1 v5.wpd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Guidance for Developing Ecological Soil Screening Levels (Eco-SSLs) Exposure Factors and Bioaccumulation Models for Derivation of Wildlife Eco-SSLs OSWER Directive 9285.7-55 Issued November 2003 Revised February 2005 This page intentionally left blank i TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 - 1 1.1 Basic Equations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 - 1 1.2 Dealing with Variability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 - 2 2.0 CALCULATION OF GROUP-SPECIFIC ECO-SSLs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 - 1 2.1 Food Ingestion Rate (FIR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 - 1 2.2 Soil Intake (P s ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 - 2 3.0 ESTIMATING BIOACCUMULATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

227

litawr It. Booklet No. 56096 Booklet Code  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

371-47t eft RFT 374 *1749. el VV.t. tf47 Wt7T 3't 1 9F4T 947.I77 '#,37.V* et Tt wr-gr wti rer cArdia f-{ VU e161 tgig fttrw1 2. crtirmilt 3fhT 5tIc6) (ha Rift WTI 3. srt1ra-41t, ''fir 3it7 6+4, daac 4. SitilWatt .44414 .B4 ,4-44 AT Act) Trair , 2.t·r4 uIM5I4ld ?WTI Tiny r t? 1. BUT trait 2. tAc 3

Jayaram, Bhyravabotla

228

Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array observations of cold dust and molecular gas in starbursting quasar host galaxies at z ~ 4.5  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-arcsecond imaging of this cold molecular gas in these targets would be complemented by higher resolution imaging of the (rest-frame) FIR continuum and [CII] line emission with ALMA in order to infer the ionizing radiation field and gas density on kpc scales. 6... code 13A-012). This paper makes use of the following ALMA data: ADS/JAO.ALMA#2011.0.00006.SV. ALMA is a partnership of ESO (representing its member states), NSF (USA) and NINS (Japan), together with NRC (Canada) and NSC and ASIAA (Taiwan...

Wagg, J.; Carilli, C. L.; Aravena, M.; Cox, P.; Lentati, L.; Maiolino, R.; McMahon, R. G.; Riechers, D.; Walter, F.; Andreani, P.; Hills, R.; Wolfe, A.

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

229

THE AMERICAN AGRICULTURE MOVEMENT: MANIFEST AND LATENT PARTICIPANT ATTRACTIONS IN A SOCIAL MOVEMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

members, interviews with . MM :leaders and'rIlem~ers, participant observation .in district offices, and'S()()n)~dier~",e certain..advantages inherent in. the sources'ofdatautillZed~.it~ .. ~ . paper. Fir.;t" mchdata seem sufficientf..., Arkansas.. . ~~', ~.tmd: l"i.pset, S.M., Prejudice and Society t in 'Rose, A~M. and Rese, ~B. {eds.], Minority Problems, New York 1965~ 361-371. (fttst published hil9S9j~ Sherif~M .., and Sherif. c..w..,Social Psycholegy, NewYork-Bvanston-London Tokyo...

Foster, Gary S.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

A comparative study of the conventional diamond and cloverleaf interchanges with respect to ramp capacity and vehicular delay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and relative'y free f'o-. rin General Criteria 1. Tr ff'ic volu . es aad patterns 2. Costs Topography 4. Consistency of' type 5. Isaac use in vicinity cf' interse ticn 6. R~p graces Ca 0 III. Consulting Fines A. Type Use 1. Number o fir a usia... Crane count Since the fi', . hau 'oecn oxp sc? . b rate of 10 frames per second, equcticn 1 was used to deterc6ne the tr vel tiaie for each left turninC vehicle. In addition? the queue y&o iti n of e-ch vehicle was recorded. Final Frame Count...

Barnett, James David

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

231

U.S. Homeowner of Perceptions of Treated Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.5 4.5 Resale value 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 Resistance to wood destroying insects 4.4 4.5 4.2 4.4 4.6 Resistance to wind damage 4.2 3.9 4.2 4.3 4.3 Resistance to flooding 4.2 3.8 4.0 4.3 4.3 Free from as many products (pine, spruce, fir) 84% 14% 1% Perception of the Number of Years Materials Last in Weather Exposed

232

Original articles: Intelligent multichannel sensors for pulse wave analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aortic pulse wave velocity is an independent predictive indicator for all cause mortality and cardiovascular morbidity. Unfortunately it is only invasively accessible and thus the A. carotis-A. femoralis pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) is recommended as ... Keywords: Arterial stiffness, BP, Cardiovascular risk, ECG, Electrocardiography, FIR, ICA, INA, Idxao, Idxo, Idxs, LED, PTT, PW, PWV, Pulse transit time, Pulse wave velocity, SD, cfPWV, dBP, p'(Idxo), p'(Idxs), p(Idxo), p(Idxs), sBP

S. Rosenkranz; C. Mayer; J. Kropf; S. Wassertheurer

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Historical conditions in mixed-conifer forests on the eastern slopes of the northern Oregon Cascade Range, USA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Historical forest conditions in frequent-fire forests may be increasingly useful in guiding contemporary forest management given (1) projections for increased drought stress associated with climate change and (2) increases in vertical and horizontal fuel connectivity related to changes in land use over the past 150years. Records from a 192225 timber inventory reveal historical variability at the landscape-level on mixed-conifer habitats on the eastern slopes of the Cascade Range in northern Oregon. Live conifers >15cm dbh (diameter at breast height) were tallied by species and diameter class in a 20% sample of over 50,000hectares (ha). Forests were predominantly low density (66tph, standard deviation=32, range=0289) relative to current conditions (312245, 01643tph). Historical basal area averaged 147 (070)m2ha?1. Total stand density, large tree (>53cm dbh) density, and ponderosa pine density were relatively stable across a wide moisture gradient (42187cm annual precipitation). Large trees dominated total basal area (7316%) and comprised 4217% of total trees per hectare (tph). Ponderosa pine contributed 6227% of basal area. Together, ponderosa pine and Douglas-fir constituted 9115% of basal area. Large ponderosa pine and Douglas-fir were nearly ubiquitous across the landscape in this historical data set, occurring on 94% and 83% of transects respectively. Large grand fir occurred on 20% of transects but contributed only 26% to large tree basal area. Higher-density values (>120tph), although rare, were distributed throughout the mixed-conifer habitat while large (>1.6ha) treeless (no conifers >15cmdbh) areas were almost entirely restricted to higher elevation, colder, wetter habitat types. Currently ponderosa pine no longer dominates large tree basal area, large trees no longer dominate total basal area, and Douglas-fir is now the dominant species across the landscape. Current mean tree densities are more than four times greater than values recorded in the historical cruise, and current basal area is approximately two times greater. Currently, large trees dominate basal area on only 29% of area inventoried compared to 91% in 192225. This systematic sample of a large landscape provides information about variability in species composition, densities, and structures at multiple spatial scales, which are highly relevant to management activities to restore and conserve desired ecosystem functions. Forest conditions comparable to those in this historical record have demonstrated resilience and resistance to fire and drought-related stressors in other frequent-fire forests.

R. Keala Hagmann; Jerry F. Franklin; K. Norman Johnson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Modeling localized properties of E-rated laminating lumber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Grading Machines 94 VI. 5 Future Research 94 REFERENCES 95 APPENDIX A EXPERIMENTAL DATA . 98 B PROGRAM FOR CONVERTING RA%V CLT DATA . . 171 VITA 184 LIST OF TABLES Table Page 1 Grades and sample sizes for Douglas-fir lumber in the study. 2... this study. . 19 5 Relative frequency histograms for average, center, minimum CLT MOE, and static bending MOE for C14. . 27 6 Relative frequency histogrsms for average, center, minimum CLT MOE, and static bending MOE for 2. 3 1/6. 28 7 Relative frequency...

Richburg, Brent Allen

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

A linear, temperature compensated, high frequency salinity measuring device  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

:zsle tube is ohunteLL by n Eeriec con~Lenser-reaisto; cor. bin;. tian, C6, ;:. z'. 0 R3, ta maintop. in a relstively constant load. l. 't . 'On the aecillntor, The 3F ener', 'y trF nef SvrecL tbroujg. the solution and the x eaistor shunt ~asses... deter@in d, by 3ein, Fir se~orn, and. (5) '?loller (1/$5) sho;rs that it h; ?;a cz inverse curvature . . "th concentration (. 'ioure XI). The ainilcrity of these curves and the curves for sodium chlorMa aolu'tiona (. 'iCure 111) led...

Kelly, Minton Jones

1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

I  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

neutron scattering shows magnetic excitation neutron scattering shows magnetic excitation mechanism at work in new materials. I n 2008, tHe totally unexpecteD discov- erY oF A New clAss oF suPercoNductors, the iroN PNictides, set oFF A Feverish international effort to understand them. the instruments and scientists at hFir and sNs are leaders in exploring these exotic materials, scan- ning the subatomic details of their structures and

237

LAI References and Summaries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cart Sign In/Register Quick Data Search Help icon Go NASA Meatball Cart Sign In/Register Quick Data Search Help icon Go NASA Meatball No JAVASCRIPT Capabilities. This site will not function without JavaScript. Please use the Web Product Tree. or anonymous FTP at ftp://daac.ornl.gov/data. Global Leaf Area Index Data from Field Measurements, 1932-2000 References and summaries for literature on leaf area index (reviews, methodology, etc.) Barclay, H. J. (1998) Conversion of total leaf area to projcted leaf area in lodgepole pine and Douglas-fir. Tree PHysiology 18, 185-193. Summary It is noted that three distinct definitions of leaf area index (LAI) in the literature have no predictable relationship with each other. Conversion factors were derived, from total LAI to projected LAI of horizontal leaves and to projected LAI for inclined leaves of lodgepole pine and coastal Douglas-fir, enabling comparison of results from different studies. An algorithm was derived to allow determination of these factors based on twig angles and the angles that the foliage subtends with the twig. The conversion factor was more sensitive to differences in vertical angles of the twigs than to twig rotation or foliar arrangement on the twig.

238

Star formation in z>1 3CR host galaxies as seen by Herschel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present Herschel (PACS and SPIRE) far-infrared (FIR) photometry of a complete sample of z>1 3CR sources, from the Herschel GT project The Herschel Legacy of distant radio-loud AGN (PI: Barthel). Combining these with existing Spitzer photometric data, we perform an infrared (IR) spectral energy distribution (SED) analysis of these landmark objects in extragalactic research to study the star formation in the hosts of some of the brightest active galactic nuclei (AGN) known at any epoch. Accounting for the contribution from an AGN-powered warm dust component to the IR SED, about 40% of our objects undergo episodes of prodigious, ULIRG-strength star formation, with rates of hundreds of solar masses per year, coeval with the growth of the central supermassive black hole. Median SEDs imply that the quasar and radio galaxy hosts have similar FIR properties, in agreement with the orientation-based unification for radio-loud AGN. The star-forming properties of the AGN hosts are similar to those of the general popul...

Podigachoski, P; Haas, M; Leipski, C; Wilkes, B; Kuraszkiewicz, J; Westhues, C; Willner, S P; Ashby, M L N; Chini, R; Clements, D L; Fazio, G G; Labiano, A; Lawrence, C; Meisenheimer, K; Peletier, R F; Siebenmorgen, R; Kleijn, G Verdoes

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Prediction of the heat release rate of wood  

SciTech Connect

A model for the heat release rate of wood during flaming combustion was developed during this research. It includes the effects of char shrinkage, multiple chemical components, adsorbed moisture, internal convective cooling and the variation of the thermophysical and thermochemical properties with temperature and the mass retention fraction of the char. It does not include char oxidation or diffusion of moisture and volatile pyrolysis products toward the rear surface. It calculates the time to ignition, mass burning rate, heat release rate, heat of combustion, heat of gasification and depth of char. An important part of this research was the determination of the thermochemical and thermophysical properties required by the model. An apparatus was developed for determining the kinetic parameters and the heat of combustion of the volatiles under conditions similar to those in the interior of a flaming slab of wood. Data were obtained on each of the four major chemical components present in Douglas fir. Thermal diffusivity measurements on Douglas fir and its char yielded an average value of 2.1 {times} 10{sup {minus}7} s{sup 2}/s which was nearly independent of temperature and mass retention fraction of the char for temperature sup to 500{degree}C and for mass-retention fractions above 0.30.

Parker, W.J.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

An upper limit to [C II] emission in a z ~= 5 galaxy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Low-ionization-state far-infrared (FIR) emission lines may be useful diagnostics of star-formation activity in young galaxies, and at high redshift may be detectable from the ground. In practice, however, very little is known concerning how strong such line emission might be in the early Universe. We attempted to detect the 158 micron [C II] line from a lensed galaxy at z = 4.926 using the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory. This source is an ordinary galaxy, in the sense that it shows high but not extreme star formation, but lensing makes it visible. Our analysis includes a careful consideration of the calibrations and weighting of the individual scans. We find only modest improvement over the simpler reduction methods, however, and the final spectrum remains dominated by systematic baseline ripple effects. We obtain a 95 per cent confidence upper limit of 33 mJy for a 200 km/s full width at half maximum line, corresponding to an unlensed luminosity of 1x10^9 L_sun for a standard cosmology. Combining this with a marginal detection of the continuum emission using the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope, we derive an upper limit of 0.4 per cent for the ratio of L_CII/L_FIR in this object.

Gaelen Marsden; Colin Borys; Scott C. Chapman; Mark Halpern; Douglas Scott

2005-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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241

THE STAR FORMATION LAW AT LOW SURFACE DENSITY  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the nature of the star formation law at low gas surface densities using a sample of 19 low surface brightness (LSB) galaxies with existing H I maps in the literature, UV imaging from the Galaxy Evolution Explorer satellite, and optical images from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. All of the LSB galaxies have (NUV - r) colors similar to those for higher surface brightness star-forming galaxies of similar luminosity indicating that their average star formation histories are not very different. Based upon four LSB galaxies with both UV and far-infrared (FIR) data, we find FIR/UV ratios significantly less than 1, implying low amounts of internal UV extinction in LSB galaxies. We use the UV images and H I maps to measure the star formation rate (SFR) and hydrogen gas surface density within the same region for all the galaxies. The LSB galaxy star formation rate surface densities lie below the extrapolation of the power law fit to the SFR surface density as a function of the total gas density for higher surface brightness galaxies. Although there is more scatter, the LSB galaxies also lie below a second version of the star formation law in which the SFR surface density is correlated with the gas density divided by the orbital time in the disk. The downturn seen in both star formation laws is consistent with theoretical models that predict lower star formation efficiencies in LSB galaxies due to the declining molecular fraction with decreasing density.

Wyder, Ted K.; Martin, D. Christopher; Barlow, Tom A.; Foster, Karl; Friedman, Peter G.; Morrissey, Patrick; Neill, James D. [California Institute of Technology, MC 278-17, 1200 E. California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Neff, Susan G. [Laboratory for Astronomy and Solar Physics, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, 20771 (United States); Schiminovich, David [Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Seibert, Mark; Madore, Barry F. [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Bianchi, Luciana [Center for Astrophysical Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 N. Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Donas, Jose; Milliard, Bruno [Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, BP 8, Traverse du Siphon, 13376 Marseille Cedex 12 (France); Heckman, Timothy M.; Szalay, Alex S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Homewood Campus, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Lee, Young-Wook; Yi, Sukyoung K. [Center for Space Astrophysics, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of); Rich, R. Michael [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)

2009-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

242

Final report on "Modeling Diurnal Variations of California Land Biosphere CO2 Fluxes"  

SciTech Connect

In Mediterranean climates, the season of water availability (winter) is out of phase with the season of light availability and atmospheric demand for moisture (summer). Multi-year half-hourly observations of sap flow velocities in 26 evergreen trees in a small watershed in Northern California show that different species of evergreen trees have different seasonalities of transpiration: Douglas-firs respond immediately to the first winter rain, while Pacific madrones have peak transpiration in the dry summer. Using these observations, we have derived species-specific parameterization of normalized sap flow velocities in terms of insolation, vapor pressure deficit and near-surface soil moisture. A simple 1-D boundary layer model showed that afternoon temperatures may be higher by 1 degree Celsius in an area with Douglas-firs than with Pacific madrones. The results point to the need to develop a new representation of subsurface moisture, in particular pools beneath the organic soil mantle and the vadose zone. Our ongoing and future work includes coupling our new parameterization of transpiration with new representation of sub-surface moisture in saprolite and weathered bedrock. The results will be implemented in a regional climate model to explore vegetation-climate feedbacks, especially in the dry season.

Fung, Inez

2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

243

Strong C+ emission in galaxies at z~1-2: Evidence for cold flow accretion powered star formation in the early Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have recently detected the [CII] 157.7 micron line in eight star forming galaxies at redshifts 1 to 2 using the redshift(z) Early Universe Spectrometer (ZEUS). Our sample targets star formation dominant sources detected in PAH emission. This represents a significant addition to [CII] observations during the epoch of peak star formation. We have augmented this survey with observations of the [OI] 63 micron line and far infrared photometry from the PACS and SPIRE Herschel instruments as well as Spitzer IRS spectra from the literature showing PAH features. Our sources exhibit above average gas heating efficiency, many with both [OI]/FIR and [CII]/FIR ~1% or more. The relatively strong [CII] emission is consistent with our sources being dominated by star formation powered PDRs, extending to kpc scales. We suggest that the star formation mode in these systems follows a Schmidt-Kennicutt law similar to local systems, but at a much higher rate due to molecular gas surface densities 10 to 100 times that of local s...

Brisbin, Drew; Nikola, Thomas; Parshley, Stephen; Stacey, Gordon J; Spoon, Henrik; Hailey-Dunsheath, Steven; Verma, Aprajita

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Laser for high frequency modulated interferometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A Stark-tuned laser operating in the 119 micron line of CH[sub 3]OH has an output power of several tens of milliwatts at 30 Watts of pump power while exhibiting a doublet splitting of about ten MHz with the application of a Stark field on the order of 500 volts/cm. This output power allows for use of the laser in a multi-channel interferometer, while its high operating frequency permits the interferometer to measure rapid electron density changes in a pellet injected or otherwise fueled plasma such as encountered in magnetic fusion devices. The laser includes a long far-infrared (FIR) pyrex resonator tube disposed within a cylindrical water jacket and incorporating charged electrodes for applying the Stark field to a gas confined therein. With the electrodes located within the resonator tube, the resonator tube walls are cooled by a flowing coolant without electrical breakdown in the coolant liquid during application of the Stark field. Wall cooling allows for substantially increased FIR output powers. Provision is made for introducing a buffer gas into the resonator tube for increasing laser output power and its operating bandwidth. 10 figures.

Mansfield, D.K.; Vocaturo, M.; Guttadora, L.J.

1991-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

245

The Herschel Virgo Cluster Survey. XVIII. Star-forming dwarfs in a cluster environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To assess the effects of the cluster environment on the different components of the interstellar medium, we analyse the FIR-submm properties of a sample of star-forming dwarf (SFD) galaxies detected by the Herschel Virgo Cluster Survey (HeViCS). We determine dust masses and dust temperatures by fitting a modified black body (MBB) function to the spectral energy distributions (SEDs). Stellar and gas masses, star formation rates (SFRs), and metallicities are obtained from the analysis of a set of ancillary data. Dust is detected in 49 out of 140 optically identified dwarfs covered by the HeViCS field; considering only dwarfs brighter than $m_B$ = 18 mag, this gives a detection rate of 43%. After evaluating different emissivity indices, we find that the FIR-submm SEDs are best-fit by $\\beta$=1.5, with a median dust temperature $T_d$ = 22.4 K. Assuming $\\beta$=1.5, 67% of the 23 galaxies detected in all five Herschel bands show emission at 500 $\\mu$m in excess of the MBB model. The excess is inversely correlated ...

Grossi, M; Madden, S C; Hughes, T M; Auld, R; Baes, M; Bendo, G J; Bianchi, S; Bizzocchi, L; Boquien, M; Boselli, A; Clemens, M; Corbelli, E; Cortese, L; Davies, J; De Looze, I; Alighieri, S di Serego; Fritz, J; Pappalardo, C; Pierini, D; Rmy-Ruyer, A; Smith, M W L; Verstappen, J; Viaene, S; Vlahakis, C

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Climate, geography, and tree establishment in Subalpine Meadows of the Olympic Mountains, Washington, U.S.A.  

SciTech Connect

Noticeable changes in vegetation distribution have occurred in the Pacific Northwest during the last century as trees have established in some subalpine meadows. To study the relationship of this process to climate, recently established trees were aged in six subalpine meadows in the Olympic Mountains, Washington. The sites represent three points along a steep precipitation gradient. Subalpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa) has been establishing at the dry end of the gradient, mountain hemlock (Tsuga mertensiana) at the wet end, and both species in the center. Establishment patterns were compared with deviations from the century-long average for these weather variables: winter precipitation, Palmer Drought Severity Index, and winter, October and May temperatures. Results show that establishment occurred in dry areas when weather conditions were wetter than average, and in wet areas under drier than average conditions. Establishment at central sites did not show consistent relationships with climate. If future climatic conditions continue to warm, establishment of subalpine fir in subalpine meadows in dry areas may cease and mountain hemlock may resume in wet areas. 34 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

Woodward, A.; Silsbee, D.G. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Schreiner, E.G. [National Biological Service, Port Angeles, WA (United States)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Laser for high frequency modulated interferometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A Stark-tuned laser operating in the 119 micron line of CH.sub.3 OH has an output power of several tens of milliwatts at 30 Watts of pump power while exhibiting a doublet splitting of about ten MHz with the application of a Stark field on the order of 500 volts/cm. This output power allows for use of the laser in a multi-channel interferometer, while its high operating frequency permits the interferometer to measure rapid electron density changes in a pellet injected or otherwise fueled plasma such as encountered in magnetic fusion devices. The laser includes a long far-infrared (FIR) pyrex resonator tube disposed within a cylindrical water jacket and incorporating charged electrodes for applying the Stark field to a gas confined therein. With the electrodes located within the resonator tube, the resonator tube walls are cooled by a flowing coolant without electrical breakdown in the coolant liquid during application of the Stark field. Wall cooling allows for substantially increased FIR output powers. Provision is made for introducing a buffer gas into the resonator tube for increasing laser output power and its operating bandwidth.

Mansfield, Dennis K. (E. Windsor, NJ); Vocaturo, Michael (Columbus, NJ); Guttadora, Lawrence J. (Iselin, NJ)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Thirty year change in lodgepole and lodgepole/mixed conifer forest structure following 1980s mountain pine beetle outbreak in western Colorado, USA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Current mortality in lodgepole pine caused by mountain pine beetle (MPB) throughout much of western North America has resulted in concern about future forest structure. To better understand the long-term effects of the current mortality, and how it might differ depending on forest species composition, we measured forest vegetation and woody fuel accumulations in forest affected by a MPB outbreak in the late 1970s and early 1980s and compared conditions to 1980s USDA Forest Service data to quantify changes in the approximately 30years following tree mortality. Stands were classified into two forest type groups based on species composition prior to 1970s/1980s MPB mortality: lodgepole pine and mixed conifer. In the 30years after MPB mortality, lodgepole pine stands overstory recovered to 91% of pre-mortality total basal area and 93% of overstory treesha?1. Mixed conifer stands basal area and overstory treesha?1 remained significantly reduced. In both forest types relative basal area and treesha?1 of non-pine species increased, and understory treesha?1 increased roughly fivefold. In lodgepole pine stands, the most abundant species in the 1980s understory was subalpine fir, followed by lodgepole pine. By the 2010s, subalpine fir and aspen were the most abundant understory tree species. In mixed conifer stands, subalpine fir and Engelmann spruce dominated all understory size classes in the 1980s and the 2010s. Total down woody fuels were greater in mixed conifer (103Mgha?1) than lodgepole pine stands (60Mgha?1) due to higher rotten fuel accumulation in mixed conifer than lodgepole pine stands. Overall, our results suggest that long-term forest recovery trajectories are dependent on pre-outbreak species composition, though understory densities are likely to increase regardless of non-pine species abundances. These shifts in species and size composition by 30years after outbreak likely have substantial impacts on forest health, potential fire behavior and ecosystem processes. We speculate that forest recovery following the current MPB outbreak in these areas will be similar to observed changes following the 1970s/1980s outbreak.

Kristen A. Pelz; Frederick W. Smith

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

J  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

.Jq. 3 .Jq. 3 8.5 J Hr. Mark Finkelstein . . State Street Associates L.P. II Ithaca, New York 14GSO Dear Fir. Flnkelstein: .' This Is a followup letter to your telephone discussion on September 30, 1994, with Dr. Y. Alexander Yilliams of my staff. As you discussed, the Department of Energy (DOE) Is tmplementfng a radiological survey,program to determine the radiological conditions at.sites that were formerly used by DOE predecessor agencies. One such slte is the former Ithaca Gun Company facility in Ithaca, New,York. This site perfonsed experimental machining of uranium during the 1960s in support of Atomic Energy Comnlssion operations. Ye understand that the Ithaca site is now owned by your company. The uranium forging experiments were conducted in 1961 and 1962 and Involved

250

Document  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

60 Federal Register 60 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 235 / Friday, December 5, 2008 / Notices use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1- 800-877-8339. [FR Doc. E8-28765 Filed 12-4-08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000-01-P DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request AGENCY: Department of Education. SUMMARY: The IC Clearance Official, Regulatory Information Management Services, Office of Management invites comments on the submission for OMB review as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. DATES: Interested persons are invited to submit comments on or before January 5, 2009. ADDRESSES: Written comments should be addressed to the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs,

251

Federal Register Volume 75 Number 240; Wednesday, December 15, 2010  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 Dec 14, 2010 0 Dec 14, 2010 Jkt 223001 PO 00000 Frm 00029 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\15DEN1.SGM 15DEN1 hsrobinson on DSK69SOYB1PROD with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 240 / Wednesday, December 15, 2010 / Notices 78231 Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877- 8339. [FR Doc. 2010-31503 Filed 12-14-10; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000-01-P DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Management of Energy and Water Efficiency in Federal Buildings: Availability of Guidance AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice of availability. SUMMARY: This notice of availability announces that the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Federal Energy Management

252

Amended Record of Decision: Idaho High-Level Waste and Facilities Disposition Final Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/EIS-0287) (11/28/06)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

811 Federal Register 811 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 228 / Tuesday, November 28, 2006 / Notices Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877-8339. [FR Doc. E6-20124 Filed 11-27-06; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000-01-P DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Amended Record of Decision: Idaho High-Level Waste and Facilities Disposition Final Environmental Impact Statement AGENCY: Department of Energy. ACTION: Amended Record of Decision. SUMMARY: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is amending its Record of Decision (ROD) published December 19, 2005 (70 Federal Register [FR] 75165), pursuant to the Idaho High-Level Waste and Facilities Disposition Final Environmental Impact Statement (Final EIS) (DOE/EIS-0287, September 2002). The Final EIS analyzed two sets of alternatives for accomplishing DOE's

253

Notices  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 Federal Register 1 Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 102 / Friday, May 25, 2012 / Notices be addressed to U.S. Department of Education, 400 Maryland Avenue SW., LBJ, Washington, DC 20202-4537. Requests may also be electronically mailed to ICDocketMgr@ed.gov or faxed to 202-401-0920. Please specify the complete title of the information collection and OMB Control Number when making your request. Individuals who use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877- 8339. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Section 3506 of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35) requires that Federal agencies provide interested parties an early opportunity to comment on information collection requests. The Director, Information Collection

254

Why Sequence Rhizopogon salebrosus?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rhizopogon salebrosus? Rhizopogon salebrosus? On October 3, 1995, smoke from the remains of an illegal campfire was spotted at Point Reyes National State Park in northern California. Over the next week, just over 12,000 acres burned, most of it concentrated at Mt. Vision in Point Reyes National Seashore, and several dozen homes were razed. Some 70 percent of the plant life in the area ranging from northern coastal scrub and salt marsh to Bishop pines and Douglas firs was lost. By the time the fire was declared under control on October 16, over 2,000 firefighters had been involved in the effort to quash the flames. Point Reyes National Park after 1995 fire Copyright Bruce Farnsworth/NPS Mycorrhizal fungi such as Rhizopogon salebrosus play a key role in maintaining various ecosystems. R. salebrosus is usually among the fungi

255

Notice of Availability of the Record of Decision for the South Fork Flathead Watershed Westslope Cutthroat Trout Conservation Program (DOE/EIS-0353) (05/12/06)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

714 Federal Register 714 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 92 / Friday, May 12, 2006 / Notices 6623. Please specify the complete title of the information collection when making your request. Comments regarding burden and/or the collection activity requirements should be electronically mailed to IC DocketMgr@ed.gov. Individuals who use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1- 800-877-8339. [FR Doc. E6-7288 Filed 5-11-06; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000-01-P DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Special Education-Technology and Media Services for Individuals With Disabilities-Access to Emerging Technologies (CFDA No. 84.327C) ACTION: Notice inviting applications for new awards for fiscal year (FY) 2006;

256

Appendix A - Acronyms  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A - ACRONYMS A - ACRONYMS AASHTO American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials CNG Compressed Natural Gases CVO Commercial Vehicle Operation DOE Department of Energy DOT Department of Transportation E85 85% Ethanol, 15% Gasoline EPA Environmental Protection Agency ExFIRS Excise Files Information Retrieval System ExSTARS Excise Summary Terminal Activity Reporting System FHWA Federal Highway Administration FTA Federation of Tax Administrators GAO General Accounting Office HTF Highway Trust Fund IFTA International Fuel Tax Agreement IM Interstate Maintenance IRS Internal Revenue Service LNG Liquid Natural Gases LPG Liquefied Petroleum Gases M85 85% Methanol, 15% Gasoline MTBE Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether NHS National Highway System ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory STP Surface Transportation Program

257

Slide 1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Economics of an Economics of an Integrated World Oil Market William Nordhaus Sterling Professor of Economics Yale University Plenary Address Energy Information Administration 2009 Energy Conference: A New Climate for Energy April 7, 2009 This is not a bathtub. 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 Price ($ per barrel) Weekly oil prices for 15 sources around the world. Source: EIA. The Integrated World Oil Market 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Sidi Kerir Iran Light Libya Es Sider Libyan and Iranian Prices [$ per barrel, 1979 - 2009 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 Year Region 1 Region 2 Region 3 Region 4 Region 5 Region 6 Price of sawlogs ($ per 1000 board-feet) A Not-So-Integrated Market: Douglas Fir Log #2 in Pacific Northwest

258

Amended Record of Decision; Savannah River Site Waste Management, Savannah River Operations Office, Aiken, South Carolina (DOE/EIS-0217)(6/28/01)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

431 431 Federal Register / Vol. 66, No. 125 / Thursday, June 28, 2001 / Notices Avenue, SW., Room 4050, Regional Office Building 3, Washington, DC 20202-4651. Requests may also be electronically mailed to the internet address OCIO_IMG_Issues@ed.gov or faxed to 202-708-9346. Please specify the complete title of the information collection when making your request. Comments regarding burden and/or the collection activity requirements should be directed to Joseph Schubart at (202) 708-9266 or via his internet address Joe.Schubart@ed.gov. Individuals who use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877- 8339. [FR Doc. 01-16231 Filed 6-27-01; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000-01-U DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION National Board of the Fund for the

259

Sweet Smell of Renewable Fuel | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Sweet Smell Sweet Smell of Renewable Fuel News Featured Articles 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Science Headlines Presentations & Testimony News Archives Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 12.06.11 Sweet Smell of Renewable Fuel Office of Science researchers borrowed from a fir tree to create a fuel that could leave diesel in the dust. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo Tractor trailer driving down road flanked by fields Department of Transportation Commercial trucks in the U.S. burned approximately 22 billion gallons of diesel fuel in 2010. Replacing diesel with a clean, green and renewable biofuel could substantially reduce the industry's carbon footprint.

260

Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

07 Federal Register 07 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 192 / Wednesday, October 5, 2005 / Notices Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877- 8339. [FR Doc. 05-19963 Filed 10-4-05; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000-01-P DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Notice of Public Hearing AGENCY: National Assessment Governing Board; Education SUMMARY: The National Assessment Governing Board is announcing a public hearing on October 25, 2005 to obtain comment on the draft 2009 Science Framework for the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). Public and private parties and organizations are invited to present written and/or oral testimony. The forum will be held at the Phoenix Park Hotel, 520 North Capitol Street, NW., Washington, DC from 9:30 a.m. to 3 p.m. Eastern Standard Time. Background: Under Public Law 107-

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

State  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ment of Co ment of Co nsiderations REQUEST BY MOSSEY CREEK ENERGY FOR DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN RIGHTS IN SUBJECT INVENTIONS S-124,118 AND S-124,156 MADE IN THE COURSE OF OR UNDER UT-BATTELLE PRIME CONTRACT NO. DE-AC05-000R22725; DOE WAIVER DOCKETS: W (l) 2011-009 AND W( l) 2011 -010 (COMBINED) Mossey Creek Energy (Petitioner) has made a timely request for a waiver to worldwide undivided rights in two subject inventio ns (the subject inventions) made in the course of or under UT-Battelle, Prime Contract No . DE-AC05-000R22725. The fir st invention( S-124,118) is entitled, " Thermally Conduct ive Ele ctrically In sulating Sil icon Cc_:ntaining Epoxy Molding Co mpo und ." The second invention (S-124,156) is "Sintered Polycrystalline Silicon Based Thermo electrics,

262

Notice of Intent to prepare Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for the Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Stockpile Stewardship and Management (08/05/99)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

81 81 Federal Register / Vol. 64, No. 150 / Thursday, August 5, 1999 / Notices Programs Service, 400 Maryland Avenue, SW., Suite 600 Portals Building Washington, DC 20202-5331. Telephone: (202) 401-9774. The e-mail address for Ms. Ver Bryck Block is karla verbryckblock@ed.gov. Individuals who use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877- 8339. Individuals with disabilities may obtain this document in an alternate format (e.g., Braille, large print, audiotape, or computer diskette) on request to the appropriate contact persons listed in the preceding paragraphs. Individuals with disabilities may obtain a copy of the application package in an alternate format, also, by contacting that person. However, the

263

Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement and Notice of Floodplain and Wetlands Involvement; NRG Energy, Inc.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

109 109 Federal Register / Vol. 63, No. 206 / Monday, October 26, 1998 / Notices internet address Pat Sherrill@ed.gov, or should be faxed to 202-708-9346. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Patrick J. Sherrill (202) 708-8196. Individuals who use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877-8339 between 8 a.m. and 8 p.m., Eastern time, Monday through Friday. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Section 3506 of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35) requires that the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) provide interested Federal agencies and the public an early opportunity to comment on information collection requests. OMB may amend or waive the requirement for public consultation to the extent that public

264

Document  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

50 50 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 33 / Friday, February 18, 2005 / Notices Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877- 8339. [FR Doc. E5-663 Filed 2-17-05; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000-01-P ELECTION ASSISTANCE COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice; Meeting AGENCY: United States Election Assistance Commission. ACTION: Notice of public meeting for the Technical Guidelines Development Committee. DATE & TIME: Wednesday, March 9, 2005, 8:30 am to 5:30 pm. PLACE: National Institute of Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Drive, Building 101, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-8900. STATUS: This meeting will be open to the public. There is no fee to attend, but, due to security requirements, advance registration is required. Registration information is available at: https:// rproxy.nist.gov/CRS/

265

Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Conveyance and Transfer of Certain Land Tracts Located at LANL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

22 22 Federal Register / Vol. 63, No. 87 / Wednesday, May 6, 1998 / Notices Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877-8339 between 8 a.m. and 8 p.m., Eastern time, Monday through Friday. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Section 3506 of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35) requires that the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) provide interested Federal agencies and the public an early opportunity to comment on information collection requests. OMB may amend or waive the requirement for public consultation to the extent that public participation in the approval process would defeat the purpose of the information collection, violate State or Federal law, or substantially interfere with any agency's ability to perform its statutory obligations. The Acting Deputy Chief Information Officer, Office of the

266

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-148- McNary Wildlife (McNary-Santiam #2))  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP/4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-148- McNary Wildlife (McNary-Santiam #2)) Mark Newbill - TFE/Chemawa Proposed Action: Joint project with US Forest Service for vegetation control for the McNary- Santiam #2 230 kV transmission line that enhances wildlife habitat under powerlines. Location: The project is located in the BPA Eugene Region within Marion County, Oregon. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) in cooperation with US Forest Service. Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes to remove unwanted vegetation along the right-of- way by hand cutting or machine mowing. The overall goal is to remove small fir trees, brushy

267

Record of Decision; Defense Waste Processing Facility at the Savannah River Site  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

89 89 Federal Register / Vol. 60, No. 70 / Wednesday, April 12, 1995 / Notices who use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1- 800-877-8339 between 8 a.m. and 8 p.m., Eastern time, Monday through Friday. Program Authority: 20 U.S.C. 7705. Dated: April 5, 1995. Thomas W. Payzant, Assistant Secretary for Elementary and Secondary Education. [FR Doc. 95-8927 Filed 4-11-95; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000-01-M Advisory Council on Education Statistics; Meeting AGENCY: Advisory Council on Education Statistics. ACTION: Teleconference. SUMMARY: This notice sets forth the schedule and proposed agenda of a forthcoming meeting of the Advisory Council on Education Statistics. This notice also describes the functions of the Council. Notice of this meeting is

268

BNL | BBOP Newsletters  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility Newsletters June 28, 2013 Principal Investigators Larry Kleinman, 631.344.3796 Art Sedlacek, 631.344.2404 BBOP Presentations from DOE ASR Spring Meeting 2013 BBOP Overview - Sedlacek (PDF) BBOP Plan B - Kleinman (PDF) BBOP Instrument Suite - Schmid (PDF) Satellite Products for BBOP - Ichoku and Kahn (PDF) BBOP Instrument Suite Instrument Suite List (PDF) BBOP Resources BNL BBOP proposal (PDF file) MACC Project - FIR Global Fire Monitoring Interdisciplinary Biomass Burning Initiative (IBBI) Monthly Seasonal Outlook issued June 1, 2013 Significant Wildland Fire Potential Outlook - August & September 2013 - July 2013 - June 2013 BBOP Newsletters BBOP In the News Smoke Signals: Tracking the Rapid Changes of Wildfire Aerosols (BNL

269

ARM - Events Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

19, 2011 [Events] 19, 2011 [Events] 2011 Far-Infrared Remote Sensing Workshop Bookmark and Share The 2011 Workshop on Far-Infrared Remote Sensing (FIRS) will be held in Madison, Wisconsin, on November 8-9, 2011. The two-day meeting will include invited speakers, a full poster session, time for discussions, and a workshop dinner. Topics to be discussed include: instrumentation, radiative transfer model development and validation, thermodynamic profiling, cloud property remote sensing, and climate studies. Attendees are invited to participate in the workshop by submitting a poster presentation. There are a limited number of oral presentation positions available; these will be selected from the submitted poster presentations. Registration deadline is October 6, 2011. For program and registration information, visit the workshop

270

Final Progress Report on Model-Based Diagnosis of Soil Limitations to Forest Productivity  

SciTech Connect

This project was undertaken in support of the forest industry to link modeling of nutrients and productivity with field research to identify methods for enhancing soil quality and forest productivity and for alleviating soil limitations to sustainable forest productivity. The project consisted of a series of related tasks, including (1) simulation of changes in biomass and soil carbon with nitrogen fertilization, (2) development of spreadsheet modeling tools for soil nutrient availability and tree nutrient requirements, (3) additional modeling studies, and (4) evaluation of factors involved in the establishment and productivity of southern pine plantations in seasonally wet soils. This report also describes the two Web sites that were developed from the research to assist forest managers with nutrient management of Douglas-fir and loblolly pine plantations.

Luxmoore, R.J.

2004-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

271

A taxonomic study of scale insects of the family Diaspididae in Texas (Homoptera - Coccoidea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PENSKAE ( ISTOCK) (Fig, 2) de{id t t0 cae tock, kddli }40 0. . 0, 1, fN 1800 R, 305, ioat 1 ~ 0 {co took}, Rerri, 1941. dtd f Ro& 1 aoi, Ser. Ills 3320 Type locclity{ Florida Type host". Parsee carolinensi s TCKas records: Yiontgonery Co, s Conroea...?CIL&';T'I*) lellov scale (r"if. 6) (alt& s&. r )? 239 2&), Aoni. d61a citrine (Co=uillctt)? 1&cKenoie? 195GA ~ Ar, or&d . male Iiisects of C&iif. u. )&l. 'J'ypc loc;liby: ':an "t". ' rl &. 1 Valliy? Loa Anplcs? C-"! 1 fort&is 33 go~. , tL ~) Fir. 6. Aonidiclla...

McDaniel, Burruss

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

272

OBSERVATIONS OF Arp 220 USING HERSCHEL-SPIRE: AN UNPRECEDENTED VIEW OF THE MOLECULAR GAS IN AN EXTREME STAR FORMATION ENVIRONMENT  

SciTech Connect

We present Herschel Spectral and Photometric Imaging Receiver Fourier Transform Spectrometer (Herschel SPIRE-FTS) observations of Arp 220, a nearby ultra-luminous infrared galaxy. The FTS provides continuous spectral coverage from 190 to 670 {mu}m, a wavelength region that is either very difficult to observe or completely inaccessible from the ground. The spectrum provides a good measurement of the continuum and detection of several molecular and atomic species. We detect luminous CO (J = 4-3 to 13-12) and water rotational transitions with comparable total luminosity {approx}2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 8} L{sub Sun }; very high-J transitions of HCN (J = 12-11 to 17-16) in absorption; strong absorption features of rare species such as OH{sup +}, H{sub 2}O{sup +}, and HF; and atomic lines of [C I] and [N II]. The modeling of the continuum shows that the dust is warm, with T = 66 K, and has an unusually large optical depth, with {tau}{sub dust} {approx} 5 at 100 {mu}m. The total far-infrared luminosity of Arp 220 is L{sub FIR} {approx} 2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 12} L{sub Sun }. Non-LTE modeling of the extinction corrected CO rotational transitions shows that the spectral line energy distribution of CO is fit well by two temperature components: cold molecular gas at T {approx} 50 K and warm molecular gas at T {approx} 1350{sup +280}{sub -100} K (the inferred temperatures are much lower if CO line fluxes are not corrected for dust extinction). These two components are not in pressure equilibrium. The mass of the warm gas is 10% of the cold gas, but it dominates the CO luminosity. The ratio of total CO luminosity to the total FIR luminosity is L{sub CO}/L{sub FIR} {approx} 10{sup -4} (the most luminous lines, such as J = 6-5, have L{sub CO,J=6-5}/L{sub FIR} {approx} 10{sup -5}). The temperature of the warm gas is in excellent agreement with the observations of H{sub 2} rotational lines. At 1350 K, H{sub 2} dominates the cooling ({approx}20 L{sub Sun} M{sup -1}{sub Sun }) in the interstellar medium compared to CO ({approx}0.4 L{sub Sun} M{sup -1}{sub Sun }). We have ruled out photodissociation regions, X-ray-dominated regions, and cosmic rays as likely sources of excitation of this warm molecular gas, and found that only a non-ionizing source can heat this gas; the mechanical energy from supernovae and stellar winds is able to satisfy the large energy budget of {approx}20 L{sub Sun} M{sup -1}{sub Sun }. Analysis of the very high-J lines of HCN strongly indicates that they are solely populated by infrared pumping of photons at 14 {mu}m. This mechanism requires an intense radiation field with T > 350 K. We detect a massive molecular outflow in Arp 220 from the analysis of strong P Cygni line profiles observed in OH{sup +}, H{sub 2}O{sup +}, and H{sub 2}O. The outflow has a mass {approx}> 10{sup 7} M{sub Sun} and is bound to the nuclei with velocity {approx}< 250 km s{sup -1}. The large column densities observed for these molecular ions strongly favor the existence of an X-ray luminous AGN (10{sup 44} erg s{sup -1}) in Arp 220.

Rangwala, Naseem; Maloney, Philip R.; Glenn, Jason; Kamenetzky, Julia [Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, University of Colorado, 1255 38th street, Boulder, CO 80303 (United States); Wilson, Christine D.; Mentuch, Erin; Schirm, Maximilien R. P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, L8S 4M1 (Canada); Rykala, Adam [School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, Queens Buildings The Parade, Cardiff CF24 3AA (United Kingdom); Isaak, Kate [ESA Astrophysics Missions Division, ESTEC, PO Box 299, 2200 AG Noordwijk (Netherlands); Baes, Maarten [Sterrenkundig Observatorium, Universiteit Gent, Krijgslaan 281 S9, B-9000 Gent (Belgium); Bendo, George J. [UK ALMA Regional Centre Node, Jordell Bank Center for Astrophysics, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Boselli, Alessandro [Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, UMR6110 CNRS, 38 rue F. Joliot-Curie, F-13388 Marseille (France); Bradford, Charles M. [JPL, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Clements, D. L. [Astrophysics Group, Imperial College, Blackett Laboratory, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Cooray, Asantha [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 (United States); Fulton, Trevor; Imhof, Peter [Blue Sky Spectroscopy Inc, Suite 9-740 4th Avenue South, Lethbridge, Alberta T1J 0N9 (Canada); Madden, Suzanne C.; Sauvage, Marc [CEA, Laboratoire AIM, Irfu/SAp, Orme des Merisiers, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Sacchi, Nicola [Istituto di Fisica dello Spazio Interplanetario, INAF, Via del Fosso del Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Roma (Italy); and others

2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

273

Net energy for production of feed mixtures containing various levels of cottonseed hulls and coastal bermudagrass hay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

!'er 16&]966) I3zeT(s'1! 2d I' f. lect r I !, cve1 o Cotto'i. ee ' Hu]! I r v!1s on Dai ly Yr'crl In I ai:u (d!i . 13 t o 0c tone 10 & 19r&6) Br. e&r le, Te;ras ?5 fir:eac ariel Cl aclraLic Ile irr . sion for id!e Ef tc;!ts of travel of li &ur&hage re...!ci sc o&1s 'or tji. 6 f -;!! s of (oas! r!I Be& ai!d; . ass Bay I rvel or! Inc. gy 6 . i! Cos Treat&!, ent Gi oiips (du e 13 ? Ceto! er . ' 6. 1966 ? Ber v' i Le) . B5 IC! I&i!se!r e&nr! Clued&cetic Renre. , sions fo" tlie Eff acts of Cot& t...

Mark, William Howard

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

274

Existence of solution to an evolution equation and a justification of the DSM for equations with monotone operators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An evolution equation, arising in the study of the Dynamical Systems Method (DSM) for solving equations with monotone operators, is studied in this paper. The evolution equation is a continuous analog of the regularized Newton method for solving ill-posed problems with monotone nonlinear operators $F$. Local and global existence of the unique solution to this evolution equation are proved, apparently for the firs time, under the only assumption that $F'(u)$ exists and is continuous with respect to $u$. The earlier published results required more smoothness of $F$. The Dynamical Systems method (DSM) for solving equations $F(u)=0$ with monotone Fr\\'echet differentiable operator $F$ is justified under the above assumption apparently for the first time.

N. S. Hoang; A. G. Ramm

2009-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

275

Triple effect absorption chiller utilizing two refrigeration circuits  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a heat absorption method for an absorption chiller. It comprises: providing a firs absorption system circuit for operation within a first temperature range, providing a second absorption system circuit for operation within a second temperature range; heat exchanging refrigerant and absorber solution; thermal communication with an external heat load. This patent describes a heat absorption apparatus for use as an absorption chiller. It includes: a first absorption system circuit for operation within a first temperature range; a second absorption system circuit for operation within a second temperature range which has a lower maximum temperature relative to the first temperature range; the first circuit having generator means, condenser means, evaporator means, and absorber means operatively connected together; the second circuit having generator means condenser means, evaporator means, and absorber means operative connected together; and the first circuit condenser means and the first circuit absorber means being in heat exchange communication with the second circuit generator means.

DeVault, R.C.

1988-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

276

An investigation of the variability of rainfall statistics over a small area with varying rain-gage density  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

& k for hi= valuab! e assf ~ ! ance ai d ai!vice during the preparation of This the is. Appl sciatica al u is extinded ta Dr. Uani. ' f!oyer anJ D& . W. S. f'Ir u! Iay far their review eno s u g rg e s t i a n e Thanks a- . a i!ue ti. Hr. IJsl ter... Distributions 24 24 26 U. CONCLU IGNS AND RECGYil'IENDATIOliiS 35 Conclusions Rec mmendatioi s 35 35 APPEIUDIX R E F ER E NL" F 5 37 47 LIS f 0F TABLES Table Number of gages used and corresooncing gage densities Page 13 2. Hourly precipitation...

Heaton, Larry Royce

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

277

Overview of the SPring-8 Diagnostics Beamlines  

SciTech Connect

We present an overview of the two SPring-8 diagnostics beamlines, the beamline I (dipole magnet source) and II (insertion device source). At the beamline I, synchrotron radiation (SR) in both the X-ray and the visible bands is exploited for characterizations of the electron beam. At the beamline II, by observing the spectral, spatial, and temporal characteristics of X-ray SR of the insertion device (ID), new techniques for accelerator diagnostics are investigated. Irradiation experiments with the ID to develop accelerator components such as photon absorbers, and production of intensive 10 MeV {gamma}-rays by backward Compton scattering of external far infrared (FIR) laser photons are being prepared at the beamline II.

Takano, S.; Masaki, M.; Tamura, K.; Mochihashi, A.; Nakamura, T.; Suzuki, S.; Oishi, M.; Shoji, M.; Taniuchi, Y.; Okayasu, Y.; Ohkuma, H. [Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, SPring-8, Sayo, Hyogo, 679-5198 (Japan); Okajima, S. [Center of Advanced Metrology, Chubu University, Kasugai, Aichi, 487-8501 (Japan)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

278

A Comparative Survey of the Sting of Aculeate Hymenoptera  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

s a s &-s a s a s s f ! 8 i s s aas s CO 00 4* ! mm m mm mR i S s : d ti PT4& P*4F GI PF-P g * s* I M O S O 8>O too 1 1 1 s i . CO i I l 0 3 1 5 H 3 ' if < TH ft HI IS 03 i l J 1 I Specimens for dissection... Rietache1 (1937) observed low rasp-like ridges subapteally on the fir at valvulae in the Ichneumonld. Ophlon, and en both 23, valvulae In Palthyrue vsstslls (Four er or) end Jfyxmsjia. This survsy adde Trypoxylon nd Psoudomyrac %o -thle lat ter...

Daly, Howell V.

1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Fuzzy predictive control of district heating network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a concept for controlling the supply temperature in district heating networks (DHNs) using model predictive control. Due to the inherent non-linearity in the response characteristics caused by varying flow rates the use of fuzzy dynamic matrix control (DMC) is proposed. The fuzzy partitions of the local finite impulse response (FIR) models are constructed by an axis-orthogonal, incremental partitioning scheme. Furthermore, a novel approach for determining future fuzzy trajectory based on heat load forecasts is implemented. It is demonstrated that the fuzzy DMC performs well for the case study considered. In addition, different set point strategies are applied and the results are evaluated with respect to operational costs. In this context it is shown that the trade-off between pumping and heat loss cost plays an important role in minimising overall costs.

S. Grosswindhager; M. Kozek; Andreas Voigt; Lukas Haffner

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Notice of Availability and Public Hearings for the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Gilberton Coal-to-Clean Fuels and Power Project (DOE/EIS-0357) (12/08/05)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

03 Federal Register 03 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 235 / Thursday, December 8, 2005 / Notices Comments regarding burden and/or the collection activity requirements should be directed to Kathy Axt at her e-mail address Kathy.Axt@ed.gov. Individuals who use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877- 8339. [FR Doc. E5-7035 Filed 12-7-05; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000-01-P DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Special Education-Training and Information for Parents of Children With Disabilities-Parent Training and Information Centers ACTION: Notice inviting applications for new awards for fiscal year (FY) 2006; Correction. SUMMARY: On November 8, 2005, we published in the Federal Register (70

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281

Index of /research/alcator/documentation/2010  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 [ICO] Name Last modified Size Description [DIR] Parent Directory - [DIR] 20100310 pol lift/ 27-Oct-2010 10:09 - [DIR] 20100323 driver#2 fil/ 03-Dec-2013 11:18 - [DIR] 20100326 cryo leaks/ 27-Oct-2010 10:10 - [DIR] 20100405 PEI water/ 27-Oct-2010 10:10 - [DIR] 20100610 GPC/ 27-Oct-2010 10:10 - [DIR] 20100929 cryostat tunnel repair/ 27-Oct-2010 10:10 - [DIR] 20101001 cryo repair/ 27-Oct-2010 10:10 - [DIR] 20101029 FIR polarimeter/ 30-Oct-2010 17:31 - [DIR] 20101115 LH pr.reg/ 15-Nov-2010 10:10 - [DIR] 20101122 DNB Cath. heater/ 22-Nov-2010 10:47 - [DIR] Klystron Test Results 0609/ 27-Oct-2010 10:11 - [DIR] Klystron Test Results 101 to 103B/ 27-Oct-2010 10:11 - [DIR] orphans/ 03-Dec-2013 11:17 -

282

Adaptive noise filtering based on artificial hydrocarbon networks: An application to audio signals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Many audio signal applications are corrupted by noise. In particular, adaptive filters are frequently applied to white noise reduction in audio. Recent work provides that there exist some insights on using an artificial intelligence method called artificial hydrocarbon networks (AHNs) for filtering audio signals. Thus, the scope of this paper is to design and implement a novel approach of artificial hydrocarbon networks on adaptive filtering for audio signals. Three experiments were developed. Results demonstrate that \\{AHNs\\} can reduce noise from audio signals. A comparison between the proposed algorithm and a FIR-filter is also provided. The short-time objective intelligibility value (STOI) and the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) were used for evaluation. At last, the proposed training method for finding the parameters involved in the AHN-filter can also be used in other fields of application.

Hiram Ponce; Pedro Ponce; Arturo Molina

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

RESOLVING THE RADIO SOURCE BACKGROUND: DEEPER UNDERSTANDING THROUGH CONFUSION  

SciTech Connect

We used the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array to image one primary beam area at 3 GHz with 8'' FWHM resolution and 1.0 {mu}Jy beam{sup -1} rms noise near the pointing center. The P(D) distribution from the central 10 arcmin of this confusion-limited image constrains the count of discrete sources in the 1 < S({mu}Jy) < 10 range. At this level, the brightness-weighted differential count S {sup 2} n(S) is converging rapidly, as predicted by evolutionary models in which the faintest radio sources are star-forming galaxies; and Almost-Equal-To 96% of the background originating in galaxies has been resolved into discrete sources. About 63% of the radio background is produced by active galactic nuclei (AGNs), and the remaining 37% comes from star-forming galaxies that obey the far-infrared (FIR)/radio correlation and account for most of the FIR background at {lambda} Almost-Equal-To 160 {mu}m. Our new data confirm that radio sources powered by AGNs and star formation evolve at about the same rate, a result consistent with AGN feedback and the rough correlation of black hole and stellar masses. The confusion at centimeter wavelengths is low enough that neither the planned Square Kilometre Array nor its pathfinder ASKAP EMU survey should be confusion limited, and the ultimate source detection limit imposed by 'natural' confusion is {<=}0.01 {mu}Jy at {nu} = 1.4 GHz. If discrete sources dominate the bright extragalactic background reported by ARCADE 2 at 3.3 GHz, they cannot be located in or near galaxies and most are {<=}0.03 {mu}Jy at 1.4 GHz.

Condon, J. J.; Cotton, W. D.; Fomalont, E. B.; Kellermann, K. I. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Miller, N. [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-2421 (United States); Perley, R. A. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box 0, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States); Scott, D.; Vernstrom, T.; Wall, J. V. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1C1 (Canada)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

284

Spatial patch patterns and altered forest structure in middle elevation versus upper ecotonal mixed-conifer forests, Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona, USA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the American Southwest, mixed-conifer forest experienced altered disturbance regimes with the exclusion of fire since the early 1900s. This research analyzes patch development and tree spatial patterns in the middle versus upper mixed-conifer forests at Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona (USA). The methods used include: (1) sizestructure analyses, to compare species patch development; (2) dendrochronological dating of tree establishment and fire history; (3) tree ring master chronology, to determine periods of suppressed growth, compared to a palmer drought severity index; (4) spatial analyses by size and age, with univariate and bivariate analyses of spatial association as well as spatial autocorrelation. Results show that unlike the lower ecotone of the mixed-conifer zone, both the middle elevation and upper ecotone were mixed-conifer forests before Euro-American settlement. At the upper ecotone, two decades (1870s and 1880s) had no successful conifer establishment but instead aspen cohorts, corresponding to the fire history of synchronized fires. Overall, the upper ecotone has shifted in composition in the absence of surface fires from mixed conifer to encroachment of subalpine species, particularly Engelmann spruce. Spatial patterns of tree sizes and tree ages imply development of a size hierarchy in an aging patch. In addition, shifts in species composition from ponderosa pine and white fir overstory to Engelmann spruce and Douglas-fir understory affected within-patch spatial patterns. These results provide quantitative evidence of past and present forest conditions for the development of restoration strategies for Southwestern mixed-conifer forests.

Joy Nystrom Mast; Joy J. Wolf

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

High conversion Th-U{sup 233} fuel assembly for current generation of PWRs  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a preliminary design of a high conversion Th-U{sup 233} fuel assembly applicable for current generation of Pressurized Water Reactor (PWRs). The considered fuel assembly has a typical 17 x 17 PWR lattice. However in order to increase the conversion of Th{sup 232} to U{sup 233}, the assembly was subdivided into the two regions called seed and blanket. The central seed region has a higher than blanket U{sup 233} content and acts as a neutron source for the peripheral blanket region. The latest acts as a U{sup 233} breeder. While the seed fuel pins have a standard dimensions the blanket fuel radius was increased in order to reduce the moderation and to facilitate the resonance neutron absorption in blanket Th{sup 232}. The U{sup 233} content in the seed and blanket regions was optimized to achieve maximal initial to discharged fissile inventory ratio (FIR) taking into account the target fuel cycle length of 12 months with 3-batch reloading scheme. In this study the neutronic calculations were performed on the fuel assembly level using Helios deterministic lattice transport code. The fuel cycle length and the core k{sub eff} were estimated by applying the Non Linear Reactivity Model. The applicability of the HELIOS code for the analysis of the Th-based high conversion designs was confirmed with the help of continuous-energy Monte-Carlo code SERPENT. The results of optimization studies show that for the heterogeneous seed and blanket (SB) fuel assembly the FIR of about 0.95 can be achieved. (authors)

Baldova, D.; Fridman, E. [Reactor Safety Div., Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, POB 510119, Dresden, 01314 (Germany)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

True autonomy from self-organized adaptivity Ralf Der Rene Liebscher  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a ball the robot should learn to discriminate the ball from other objects and treat it different (play with it) since the ball reacts different to its activities. And of course (since this is a dream) we expect this to happen independently of the sensors the robot has and whether it moves with wheels or legs

Der, Ralf

287

A Self-timed Ring Based True Random Number Abdelkarim Cherkaoui, Viktor Fischer, Alain Aubert  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

usually provide high bit rate data sequences that pass the standard statistical tests. However, they only streams. Their bit rate is limited by the spectrum of the underlying physical process and by the entropy in Altera Cyclone III and Xilinx Virtex 5 devices provide high quality random bit sequences passing FIPS 140

Boyer, Edmond

288

Voluntary stuttering suppresses true stuttering: A window on the speech perception-production link  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In accord with a proposed innate link between speech perception and production (e.g., motor theory), this study provides compelling evidence for the inhibition of stuttering events in people who stutter prior to ...

Tim Saltuklaroglu; Joseph Kalinowski; Vikram N. Dayalu

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Carbon Molecular Sieve Membrane as a True One Box Unit for Large Scale Hydrogen Production  

SciTech Connect

IGCC coal-fired power plants show promise for environmentally-benign power generation. In these plants coal is gasified to syngas then processed in a water gas-shift (WGS) reactor to maximize the hydrogen/CO{sub 2} content. The gas stream can then be separated into a hydrogen rich stream for power generation and/or further purified for sale as a chemical and a CO{sub 2} rich stream for the purpose of carbon capture and storage (CCS). Today, the separation is accomplished using conventional absorption/desorption processes with post CO{sub 2} compression. However, significant process complexity and energy penalties accrue with this approach, accounting for ~20% of the capital cost and ~27% parasitic energy consumption. Ideally, a ??one-box? process is preferred in which the syngas is fed directly to the WGS reactor without gas pre-treatment, converting the CO to hydrogen in the presence of H{sub 2}S and other impurities and delivering a clean hydrogen product for power generation or other uses. The development of such a process is the primary goal of this project. Our proposed "one-box" process includes a catalytic membrane reactor (MR) that makes use of a hydrogen-selective, carbon molecular sieve (CMS) membrane, and a sulfur-tolerant Co/Mo/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalyst. The membrane reactor??s behavior has been investigated with a bench top unit for different experimental conditions and compared with the modeling results. The model is used to further investigate the design features of the proposed process. CO conversion >99% and hydrogen recovery >90% are feasible under the operating pressures available from IGCC. More importantly, the CMS membrane has demonstrated excellent selectivity for hydrogen over H{sub 2}S (>100), and shown no flux loss in the presence of a synthetic "tar"-like material, i.e., naphthalene. In summary, the proposed "one-box" process has been successfully demonstrated with the bench-top reactor. In parallel we have successfully designed and fabricated a full-scale CMS membrane and module for the proposed application. This full-scale membrane element is a 3" diameter with 30"L, composed of ~85 single CMS membrane tubes. The membrane tubes and bundles have demonstrated satisfactory thermal, hydrothermal, thermal cycling and chemical stabilities under an environment simulating the temperature, pressure and contaminant levels encountered in our proposed process. More importantly, the membrane module packed with the CMS bundle was tested for over 30 pressure cycles between ambient pressure and >300 -600 psi at 200 to 300°C without mechanical degradation. Finally, internal baffles have been designed and installed to improve flow distribution within the module, which delivered ?90% separation efficiency in comparison with the efficiency achieved with single membrane tubes. In summary, the full-scale CMS membrane element and module have been successfully developed and tested satisfactorily for our proposed one-box application; a test quantity of elements/modules have been fabricated for field testing. Multiple field tests have been performed under this project at National Carbon Capture Center (NCCC). The separation efficiency and performance stability of our full-scale membrane elements have been verified in testing conducted for times ranging from 100 to >250 hours of continuous exposure to coal/biomass gasifier off-gas for hydrogen enrichment with no gas pre-treatment for contaminants removal. In particular, "tar-like" contaminants were effectively rejected by the membrane with no evidence of fouling. In addition, testing was conducted using a hybrid membrane system, i.e., the CMS membrane in conjunction with the palladium membrane, to demonstrate that 99+% H{sub 2} purity and a high degree of CO{sub 2} capture could be achieved. In summary, the stability and performance of the full-scale hydrogen selective CMS membrane/module has been verified in multiple field tests in the presence of coal/biomass gasifier off-gas under this project. A promi

Paul Liu

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

THE TRUE COST OF PAIR PROGRAMMING: DEVELOPMENT OF A COMPREHENSIVE MODEL AND TEST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

teams at Symantec produced cleaner test classes and better coverage tests through the pair- programming process (Morales, 2002). Jensen, a consultant for the Software Technology Support Center, Hill Air Force Base, reported an error rate of 0.001 in a...

Sun, Wenying

2011-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

291

SILICON PROCESSING 1. THE TRUE SURFACE TEMPERATURE OF A SILICON WAFER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this temperature rises- moderately and sooner or later, depending on RF- power and gas pressure, it levels off

Boyer, Edmond

292

Increase Your Boiler Pressure to Decrease Your Electric Bill: The True Cost of CHP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The majority of small scale steam turbine generator projects are installed as an afterthought to overall plant design. As a plant manager or process engineer, the primary concern is providing the process with the thermal load it needs at the lowest...

Downing, A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

these features would enable true single-molecule measurements over arbitrarily long  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I. Bezel,2 K. J. Gaffney,1 * S. Garrett-Roe,1 S. H. Liu,1 P. Szymanski,1 C. B. Harris1 Ultrafast. Elson, Nature 340, 284 (1989). 6. W. Baschong, J. M. Lucocq, J. Roth, Histochemistry 83, 409 (1985). 7. J. W. Slot, H. J. Geuze, Eur. J. Cell Biol. 38, 87 (1985). 8. P. A. Frey, T. G. Frey, J. Struct

Harris, Charles B.

294

accelerations. His true gift, however, was the unexpected extension of concepts --mass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

unusual person. Consider this: "All I really want is to sit back and find out how God created this world% consisting of `dark matter', which is different from any of the known elementary particles. Most surprising

Carroll, Sean M.

295

The importance of true-false statements in mathematics teaching and learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's multiple choice and relatively ineffective when used in assessment (see for example, Handbook for Graduate be viewed as indiscriminating and placing emphasis on the score and not on its is composition: it does of teambuilders), but not as far as the panic zone, where irreversible physical or psychological damage may occur

Sydney, University of

296

Paying Too Much for Energy? The True Costs of Our Energy Choices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper estimates the effect of access to transportation networks on regional economic outcomes in China over a twenty-period of rapid income growth. It addresses the problem of the endogenous placement of networks by ...

Greenstone, Michael

2012-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

297

Explore Rochester This guide is your true and unvarnished look at the City of Rochester,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

through the Greater Rochester International Airport (GRIA), via Amtrak, or by bus or car (NYS Thruway Pennsylvania VirginiaKentucky West Virginia Delaware Md. Vt. Toronto Boston Washington, D.C. New York City Rochester Toronto Boston Washington, D.C. New York City Rochester Geography Approximate Distance to Major

Portman, Douglas

298

Paying Too Much for Energy? The True Costs of Our Energy Choices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy consumption is critical to economic growth and quality of life. America's energy system, however, is malfunctioning. The status quo is characterized by a tilted playing field, where energy choices are based on the ...

Looney, Adam

299

TRUE COLORS: LEDS AND THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CCT, CRI, OPTICAL SAFETY, MATERIAL DEGRADATION, AND PHOTOBIOLOGICAL STIMULATION  

SciTech Connect

This document analyzes the optical, material, and photobiological hazards of LED light sources compared to conventional light sources. It documents that LEDs generally produce the same amount of blue light, which is the primary contributor to the risks, as other sources at the same CCT. Duv may have some effect on the amount of blue light, but CRI does not.

Royer, Michael P.

2014-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

300

300 GPM Solids Removal System A True Replacement for Back Flushable Powdered Filter Systems - 13607  

SciTech Connect

The EnergySolutions Solids Removal System (SRS) utilizes stainless steel cross-flow ultra-filtration (XUF) technology which allows it to reliably remove suspended solids greater than one (1) micron from liquid radwaste streams. The SRS is designed as a pre-treatment step for solids separation prior to processing through other technologies such as Ion Exchange Resin (IER) and/or Reverse Osmosis (RO), etc. Utilizing this pre-treatment approach ensures successful production of reactor grade water while 1) decreasing the amount of radioactive water being discharged to the environment; and 2) decreasing the amount of radioactive waste that must ultimately be disposed of due to the elimination of spent powdered filter media. (authors)

Ping, Mark R.; Lewis, Mark [EnergySolutions, Suite 100, Center Point II, 100 Center Point Circle, Columbia, SC 29210 (United States)] [EnergySolutions, Suite 100, Center Point II, 100 Center Point Circle, Columbia, SC 29210 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Turbulence Considerations for Comparing Ecosystem Exchange over Old-Growth and Clear-Cut Stands For Limited Fetch and Complex Canopy Flow Conditions  

SciTech Connect

Carbon dioxide, water vapor and energy fluxes were measured using eddy covariance (EC) methodology over three adjacent forests in southern Washington State to identify stand-level age-effects on ecosystem exchange. The sites represent Douglas-fir forest ecosystems at two contrasting successional stages: old-growth (OG) and early seral (ES). Here we present eddy flux and meteorological data from two early seral stands and the Wind River AmeriFlux old-growth forest during the growing season (March-October) in 2006 and 2007. We show an alternative approach to the usual friction velocity (u*) method for determining periods of adequate atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) mixing based on the ratio of mean horizontal ({bar u}) and vertical ({bar w}) wind flow to a modified turbulent kinetic energy scale (uTKE). This new parameter in addition to footprint modeling showed that daytime CO{sub 2} fluxes (F{sub NEE}) in small clear-cuts (< 10 hectares) can be measured accurately with EC if micrometeorological conditions are carefully evaluated. Peak midday CO{sub 2} fluxes (F{sub NEE} = -14.0 to -12.3 {micro}mol m{sup -2} s{sup -1}) at OG were measured in April in both 2006 and 2007 before bud break when air and soil temperatures and vapor pressure deficit were relatively low, and soil moisture and light levels were favorable for photosynthesis. At the early seral stands, peak midday CO{sub 2} fluxes (F{sub NEE} = -11.0 to -8.7 {micro}mol m{sup -2} s{sup -1}) were measured in June and July while spring-time CO{sub 2} fluxes were much smaller (F{sub NEE} = -3.8 to -3.6 {micro}mol m{sup -2} s{sup -1}). Overall, we measured lower evapotranspiration (OG = 230 mm; ES = 297 mm) higher midday F{sub NEE} (OG F{sub NEE} = -9.0 {micro}mol m{sup -2} s{sup -1}; ES F{sub NEE} = -7.3 {micro}mol m{sup -2} s{sup -1}) and higher Bowen ratios (OG {beta} = 2.0. ES {beta} = 1.2) at the old-growth forest than at the ES sites during the summer months (May-August). Eddy covariance studies such as ours add critical land-atmosphere exchange data for an abundant, but rarely studied Douglas-fir age class.

Wharton, S; Schroeder, M; Paw U, K T; Falk, M; Bible, K

2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

302

LIDAR Wind Speed Measurement Analysis and Feed-Forward Blade Pitch Control for Load Mitigation in Wind Turbines: January 2010--January 2011  

SciTech Connect

This report examines the accuracy of measurements that rely on Doppler LIDAR systems to determine their applicability to wind turbine feed-forward control systems and discusses feed-forward control system designs that use preview wind measurements. Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems are able to measure the speed of incoming wind before it interacts with a wind turbine rotor. These preview wind measurements can be used in feed-forward control systems designed to reduce turbine loads. However, the degree to which such preview-based control techniques can reduce loads by reacting to turbulence depends on how accurately the incoming wind field can be measured. The first half of this report examines the accuracy of different measurement scenarios that rely on coherent continuous-wave or pulsed Doppler LIDAR systems to determine their applicability to feed-forward control. In particular, the impacts of measurement range and angular offset from the wind direction are studied for various wind conditions. A realistic case involving a scanning LIDAR unit mounted in the spinner of a wind turbine is studied in depth with emphasis on choices for scan radius and preview distance. The effects of turbulence parameters on measurement accuracy are studied as well. Continuous-wave and pulsed LIDAR models based on typical commercially available units were used in the studies present in this report. The second half of this report discusses feed-forward control system designs that use preview wind measurements. Combined feedback/feed-forward blade pitch control is compared to industry standard feedback control when simulated in realistic turbulent above-rated winds. The feed-forward controllers are designed to reduce fatigue loads, increasing turbine lifetime and therefore reducing the cost of energy. Three feed-forward designs are studied: non-causal series expansion, Preview Control, and optimized FIR filter. The input to the feed-forward controller is a measurement of incoming wind speeds that could be provided by LIDAR. Non-causal series expansion and Preview Control methods reduce blade root loads but increase tower bending in simulation results. The optimized FIR filter reduces loads overall, keeps pitch rates low, and maintains rotor speed regulation and power capture, while using imperfect wind measurements provided by the spinning continuous-wave LIDAR model.

Dunne, F.; Simley, E.; Pao, L.Y.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

The true cost of renewables: An analytic response to the coal industry`s attack on renewable energy  

SciTech Connect

In April 1995, the Center for Energy and Economic Development (CEED), an umbrella organization of pro-coal interests, released a report entitled Energy Choices in a Competitive Era: The Role of Renewable and Traditional Energy Resources in America`s Electric Generation Mix. The report purports to show that a very modest growth in the use of renewable energy in the U.S. power sector would entail unaffordable costs for the nation`s electricity ratepayers. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) was commissioned by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to review the assumptions contained in the report, which was prepared for CEED by Resource Data International, Inc. (RDI). The NREL analysis finds that the conclusions of the CEED/RDI study are based on faulty data and assumptions regarding the comparative economics of coal and renewable energy development. After correcting these errors, NREL finds that a modest growth path of renewable resource development would essentially cost the nation little more than projected electricity market costs for coal-fired generation, even before considering the environmental benefits that would accompany this development.

Swezey, B.G.; Wan, Yih-huei

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Vanishing amplitude of backbone dynamics causes a true protein dynamical transition: H2 NMR studies on perdeuterated C-phycocyanin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using a combination of H2 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) methods, we study internal rotational dynamics of the perdeuterated protein C-phycocyanin (CPC) in dry and hydrated states over broad temperature and dynamic ranges with high angular resolution. Separating H2 NMR signals from methyl deuterons, we show that basically all backbone deuterons exhibit highly restricted motion occurring on time scales faster than microseconds. The amplitude of this motion increases when a hydration shell exists, while it decreases upon cooling and vanishes near 175 K. We conclude that the vanishing of the highly restricted motion marks a dynamical transition, which is independent of the time window and of a fundamental importance. This conclusion is supported by results from experimental and computational studies of the proteins myoglobin and elastin. In particular, we argue based on findings in molecular dynamics simulations that the behavior of the highly restricted motion of proteins at the dynamical transition resembles that of a characteristic secondary relaxation of liquids at the glass transition, namely the nearly constant loss. Furthermore, H2 NMR studies on perdeuterated CPC reveal that, in addition to highly restricted motion, small fractions of backbone segments exhibit weakly restricted dynamics when temperature and hydration are sufficiently high.

Kerstin Kmpf; Beke Kremmling; Michael Vogel

2014-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

305

The Living Building Challenge v1.0 In Pursuit of True Sustainability in the Built Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. McLennan · email: jason@cascadiagbc.org · Draft Living Building Standard #12;NOTIFICATION The Living: jason@cascadiagbc.org · Draft Living Building Standard #12;Table of Contents The Living Building Challenge 2 Executive Summary 2 How The Living Building Standard Works 4 Site Design 6 Energy 8 Materials

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

306

St  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

St St at ement of Co nside ration s RE QU EST BY MOSSE Y CREE K ENERGY FOR DO MESTIC A ND FOREI GN RIGHTS IN SU BJECT INVENTIONS S-124, 118 AND S- 124,156 M ADE IN THE CO URS E OF OR U ND ER UT-BATTELLE PRIME CONTRACT NO . DE-AC05 -000 R227 2 5; DO E WAIVER DOCKETS: W (l ) 2011-009 AND W(l) 2011-010 {COMBIN ED) Mossey Creek Energy (Pet itioner) has m ade a tim ely req uest for a waiver t o wo rldw ide undivided rights in two subject invent ions (th e subject inve ntio ns) made in the cou rs e of or und er UT-Battel le, Prime Contract No . DE-AC05-000R22725 . The fir st invention ( S-12 4,118) is entitled, "Therma lly Conducti ve Electri cally Insulati ng Sil icon Cont ain ing Ep oxy Mo ld ing Compound.'' The secon d invention (S-124, 156) is "Si nt ered Po lycrystalline Sili con Base d Ther rn oe lectric

307

L  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

, , . d Sepmber 20, 1976 . e E. K. Limp, Chfdf, Process Facilities Safety liranch, ~%&iCj kP3RT uF FlhimiiS : &TECH SPECSALlY S-EL Cuwr)wTIa:i On huyusf 19, 1976, Fred F, Ha_ytaod, DRdL, and I visttdd be A?j-TzcILi - planf in ' dardrvlltit, ;ic# YorX, to i3ake a orelir;linary assczimx~f of tile radIo?ocjical status of facilities ut47fzad durfnb3 lW-51 for X': contract mrk f WI 1 vi n.; urd a. GcLwter, Ham r4tina+r, ;iismssicms warz &id ' cliL1 :Ir. tionalj fir. Ted Ckx, mo Has fmf 1 iar tri tn t:~ ject wprk, ixsistzd in iGtntiPyiy involved blant arms. Foll~Anp SW- ¶s d szatment of fin4intjs: &arhtir;fts tijs toi4. Tne cmpqr, known as Al leyhany-ludlxa at ttw tin or' tse contract, rolled uranic oillets +to solId t-o&. Tile cf)cratiofh

308

Blog Feed: Vehicles | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

December 12, 2011 December 12, 2011 John Ferrell (center -- 4th from left) participates in a ribbon cutting ceremony marking the grand opening of a cellulosic ethanol demonstration facility in Tennessee. | Photo by Amy Smotherman Burgess. Biomass for the Nation: How One Energy Department Expert Has Helped Lead the Way A look at one Energy Department employee's impact on the biofuels industry. December 12, 2011 Rajit Sapar analyzes samples at the Joint BioEnergy Institute's lab. | Photo by Roy Kaltschmidt at Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. Researchers Borrow From Fir Tree to Create Biodiesel Researchers at the Office of Science's Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) have tapped an unlikely source to help create a renewable alternative to diesel fuel. December 12, 2011 Dr. Riccardo Signorelli, CEO of FastCAP Systems meets with Secretary Chu. Signorelli founded a startup focused on researching and developing carbon nanotube ultracapacitors and was chosen by Technology Review as a "35 Under 35" innovator along with Foro Energy's Dr. Joel Moxely (another ARPA-E performer). | Courtesy of ARPA-E.

309

PLJ3ASE RUSH ANALYTICAL DATA SHEET  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

+-L3-+. I +-L3-+. I PLJ3ASE RUSH -- ANALYTICAL DATA SHEET ANALYTICAL DEPT. - HULTH AND SAFETY DIVISIDN 1956 lnd&rial Hyglono or Mediul Dept. I. H.# 929 Sample Nor-ato Colloctod-6/14byARouto to- ' a Location @kUEN WWH CO- 1~ : Jypo Alphau Rama& NUWOOD. WI0 "' of Samplo_nirduslf__Analyzed for F U Beta Stamping wrahor8.fm jqtip6 of U heated in 900° P salt No Ro 5 bath. ' :,.a r ' .. ? ' ). ;..- *fhv 11 $- n _... .I < Oil 3 PH kmph No. . . , r, . Hour *- SImplr Description Be Th jR(T(Q 6375 1144 GA Pre66 area durinn stamina of 14 I a .16 I I I wa8her8. I I I 1 fl&ed off very rapidly. One waahcr mug& fir I + 1.: $. (! ., I I I~NJA~WICAL UBORATORY MPAII' IMENT (RCCOaD COW) 3.MEDICAL DEPARTMENT Z.INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE DEPARTMENT 4-DIRECTOR OF WEALTH b

310

V, Ii. Pat-SC&~, Ciructor, Elvision of Techdcal Jkitiseru  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

V, Ii. Pat-SC&~, Ciructor, Elvision of Techdcal V, Ii. Pat-SC&~, Ciructor, Elvision of Techdcal Jkitiseru I?. J. !%.Ltl2, Jr., chief, 5isC81bleDU3 Cperstions jw;ta, Prodcc' s.on Giviaion S-A-fiCi : PC: 3JS:?dl please '& advised that zrrangezkenta ?a-Je hem mde M.ti All.e~~ny ~~IWZI ta roll a% *Qdr %tcrylLct, 3. Y. plant on tkx3 firsC, xeclr4z.i of ZY&I m .nLh, %I=& shro*sgh June 1352, and -nil& !Sethlehe:a Stotl to roll at +,hai.r T~ckaxinna, 3. Y. plan% on the second n;ze:tznd of tk23 -IFx-xlth. 3: aould suaost, hcesvcr, thak you TZZE~ d.+A L!r. ?.. 2. Stenazt Ql' F]LO ti;e date or" csch xonth' s rollings a nee' r;. or so prfor to the s~eci?l' 3d ciara3 to yovids -for uiiorzsee2 cmtingencias, _ _ cc: 2~.3Snj, Tile (2) R. s. Stewart, YILI ;....-A. - - ..; ' , , *- .: _- -'

311

Herschel Far-Infrared Spectral-mapping of Orion BN/KL Outflows: Spatial distribution of excited CO, H2O, OH, O and C+ in shocked gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present ~2'x2' spectral-maps of Orion BN/KL outflows taken with Herschel at ~12'' resolution. For the first time in the far-IR domain, we spatially resolve the emission associated with the bright H2 shocked regions "Peak 1" and "Peak 2" from that of the Hot Core and ambient cloud. We analyze the ~54-310um spectra taken with the PACS and SPIRE spectrometers. More than 100 lines are detected, most of them rotationally excited lines of 12CO (up to J=48-47), H2O, OH, 13CO, and HCN. Peaks 1/2 are characterized by a very high L(CO)/L(FIR)~5x10^{-3} ratio and a plethora of far-IR H2O emission lines. The high-J CO and OH lines are a factor ~2 brighter toward Peak 1 whereas several excited H2O lines are ~50% brighter toward Peak 2. A simplified non-LTE model allowed us to constrain the dominant gas temperature components. Most of the CO column density arises from Tk~200-500 K gas that we associate with low-velocity shocks that fail to sputter grain ice mantles and show a maximum gas-phase H2O/CO~10^{-2} abundance r...

Goicoechea, Javier R; Cernicharo, Jose; Neufeld, David A; Vavrek, Roland; Bergin, Edwin A; Cuadrado, Sara; Encrenaz, Pierre; Etxaluze, Mireya; Melnick, Gary J; Polehampton, Edward

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Large and small-scale structures and the dust energy balance problem in spiral galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The interstellar dust content in galaxies can be traced in extinction at optical wavelengths, or in emission in the far-infrared. Several studies have found that radiative transfer models that successfully explain the optical extinction in edge-on spiral galaxies generally underestimate the observed FIR/submm fluxes by a factor of about three. In order to investigate this so-called dust energy balance problem, we use two Milky Way-like galaxies produced by high-resolution hydrodynamical simulations. We create mock optical edge-on views of these simulated galaxies (using the radiative transfer code SKIRT), and we then fit the parameters of a basic spiral galaxy model to these images (using the fitting code FitSKIRT). The basic model includes smooth axisymmetric distributions along a S\\'ersic bulge and exponential disc for the stars, and a second exponential disc for the dust. We find that the dust mass recovered by the fitted models is about three times smaller than the known dust mass of the hydrodynamical in...

Saftly, W; De Geyter, G; Camps, P; Renaud, F; Guedes, J; De Looze, I

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Submm-bright X-ray absorbed QSOs at z~2: insights into the co-evolution of AGN and star-formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have assembled a sample of 5 X-ray-absorbed and submm-luminous type 1 QSOs at $z \\sim 2$ which are simultaneously growing their central black holes through accretion and forming stars copiously. We present here the analysis of their rest-frame UV to submm Spectral Energy Distributions (SEDs), including new Herschel data. Both AGN (direct and reprocessed) and Star Formation (SF) emission are needed to model their SEDs. From the SEDs and their UV-optical spectra we have estimated the masses of their black holes $M_{BH}\\sim 10^{9}-10^{10}\\,M_{\\odot}$, their intrinsic AGN bolometric luminosities $L_{BOL}\\sim(0.8 - 20)\\times 10^{13} L_{\\odot}$, Eddington ratios $L_{BOL}/L_{Edd}\\sim 0.1 - 1.1$ and bolometric corrections $L_{BOL}/L_{X,2-10}\\sim 30 - 500$. These values are common among optically and X-ray-selected type 1 QSOs (except for RX~J1249), except for the bolometric corrections, which are higher. These objects show very high far-infrared luminosities $L_{FIR}\\sim$ (2 - 8)$\\times10^{12}\\,M_{\\odot}$ and Star...

Khan-Ali, A; Page, M J; Stevens, J A; Mateos, S; Symeonidis, M; Orjales, J M Cao

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Effects of Hydrothermal Aging on NH3-SCR reaction over Cu/zeolites  

SciTech Connect

The effects of hydrothermal treatment on model Cu/zeolite catalysts were investigated to better understand the nature of Cu species for the selective catalytic reduction of NO{sub x} by NH{sub 3}. After hydrothermal aging at 800 C for 16 h, the NO{sub x} reduction performance of Cu-ZSM-5 and Cu-beta were significantly reduced at low temperatures, while that of Cu-SSZ-13 was not affected. When the zeolite framework aluminum species were probed using solid state {sup 27}Al-NMR, significant reduction in the intensities of the tetrahedral aluminum peak was observed for Cu-ZSM-5 and Cu-beta, although no increase in the intensities of the octahedral aluminum peak was observed. When the redox behavior of Cu species was examined using H{sub 2}-TPR, it was found that Cu{sup 2+} could be reduced to Cu{sup +} and to Cu{sup 0} fir Cu-ZSM-5 and Cu-beta catalysts, while Cu{sup 2+} could be reduced to Cu{sup +} only for Cu-SSZ-13. After hydrothermal aging, CuO and Cu-aluminate species were found to form in Cu-ZSM-5 and Cu-beta, while little changes were observed for Cu-SSZ-13.

Kwak, Ja Hun; Tran, Diana N.; Burton, Sarah D.; Szanyi, Janos; Lee, Jong H.; Peden, Charles HF

2012-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

315

Discovery of TeV gamma-ray emission from the Pulsar Wind Nebula 3C 58 by MAGIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Pulsar Wind Nebula (PWN) 3C 58 is energized by one of the highest spin-down power pulsars known (5% of Crab pulsar) and it has been compared to the Crab Nebula due to their morphological similarities. This object was detected by Fermi-LAT with a spectrum extending beyond 100 GeV. We analyzed 81 hours of 3C 58 data taken with the MAGIC telescopes and we detected VHE gamma-ray emission for the first time at TeV energies with a significance of 5.7 sigma and an integral flux of 0.65% C.U. above 1 TeV. The differential energy spectrum between 400 GeV and 10 TeV is well described by a power-law function $d\\Phi/dE=f_{o}(E/1TeV)^{-\\Gamma}$ with $f_{o}=(2.0\\pm0.4stat\\pm0.6sys) 10^{-13}cm^{-2}s^{-1}TeV^{-1}$ and $\\Gamma=2.4\\pm0.2sta\\pm0.2sys$. This leads 3C 58 to be the least luminous PWN ever detected at VHE and the one with the lowest flux at VHE to date. According to time-dependent models in which electrons up-scatter photon fields, the best representation favors a distance to the PWN of 2 kpc and FIR comparable...

Bigas, O Blanch; Carmona, E; Prez-Torres, M A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Constraining the properties of AGN host galaxies with Spectral Energy Distribution modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[abridged] We use the latest release of CIGALE, a galaxy SED fitting model relying on energy balance, to study the influence of an AGN in estimating both the SFR and stellar mass in galaxies, as well as the contribution of the AGN to the power output of the host. Using the galaxy formation SAM GALFORM, we create mock galaxy SEDs using realistic star formation histories (SFH) and add an AGN of Type 1, Type 2, or intermediate type whose contribution to the bolometric luminosity can be variable. We perform an SED fitting of these catalogues with CIGALE assuming three different SFHs: a single- and double-exponentially-decreasing, and a delayed SFH. Constraining thecontribution of an AGN to the LIR (fracAGN) is very challenging for fracAGN<20%, with uncertainties of ~5-30% for higher fractions depending on the AGN type, while FIR and sub-mm are essential. The AGN power has an impact on the estimation of $M_*$ in Type 1 and intermediate type AGNs but has no effect for galaxies hosting Type 2 AGNs. We find that i...

Ciesla, L; Georgakakis, A; Bernhard, E; Mitchell, P D; Buat, V; Elbaz, D; Floc'h, E Le; Lacey, C G; Magdis, G E; Xilouris, M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Models comparison for JET polarimeter data  

SciTech Connect

A complete comparison between the theory and the measurements in polarimetry was done by using the Far Infrared Polarimeter at JET. More than 300 shots were analyzed, including a wide spectrum of JET scenarios in all critical conditions for polarimetry: high density, high and very low fields, high temperatures.This work is aimed at the demonstration of the robustness of the theoretical models for the JET polarimeter measurements in the perspective of using these models for ITER like plasma scenarios . In this context, an assessment was performed on how the line-integrated plasma density along the central vertical chord of FIR polarimeter could be evaluated using the Cotton-Mouton effect and its possible concrete use to correct fringe jumps of the interferometer.The models considered are: i) the rigorous numerical solution of the Stokes propagation equations, using dielectric tensor evaluated from JET equilibrium and Thomson scattering [1,2]; ii) two types of approximated solutions [2,3] and iii) the Guenther empirical model [4] that considers the mutual effect between Cotton-Mouton and Faraday rotation angle. The model calculations have been compared with polarimeter measurements for the Cotton-Mouton phase shift.The agreement with theory is satisfactory within the limits of experimental errors [3].

Mazzotta, C.; Orsitto, F. P.; Giovannozzi, E. [Centro Ricerche Energia Frascati, Euratom-ENEA Association, Frascati (Italy); Boboc, A.; Tudisco, O.; Zabeo, L. [Association EURATOM-UKAEA Culham Science Centre Abingdon 0X14 3DB (UK) (United Kingdom); Brombin, M.; Murari, A. [Consorzio RFX, Euratom-ENEA Association, Padova (Italy)

2008-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

318

The earliest phases of star formation observed with Herschel (EPoS): The dust temperature and density distributions of B68  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Abriged) In the framework of the Herschel GTKP "The earliest phases of star formation", we have imaged B68 between 100 and 500 um. Ancillary (sub)mm data, spectral line maps of the 12/13CO(2-1) transitions as well as a NIR extinction map were added to the analysis. We employed a ray-tracing algorithm to derive the 2D mid-plane dust temperature and volume density distribution without suffering from LoS averaging effects of simple SED fitting procedures. Additional 3D radiative transfer calculations were employed to investigate the connection between the external irradiation and the peculiar crescent shaped morphology found in the FIR maps. For the first time, we spatially resolve the dust temperature and density distribution of B68. We find T_dust dropping from 16.7 K at the edge to 8.2 K in the centre, which is about 4 K lower than the result of the simple SED fitting approach. N_H peaks at 4.3x10^22 cm^-2 and n_H at 3.4x10^5 cm^-3 in the centre. B68 has a mass of 3.1 M_sun of material with A_K > 0.2 mag for...

Nielbock, M; Steinacker, J; Stutz, A M; Balog, Z; Beuther, H; Bouwman, J; Henning, Th; Hily-Blant, P; Kainulainen, J; Krause, O; Linz, H; Lippok, N; Ragan, S; Risacher, C; Schmiedeke, A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

The Dust Properties of Bubble HII Regions as seen by Herschel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Because of their relatively simple morphology, "bubble" HII regions have been instrumental to our understanding of star formation triggered by HII regions. With the far-infrared (FIR) spectral coverage of the Herschel satellite, we can access the wavelengths where these regions emit the majority of their energy through their dust emission. At Herschel wavelengths 70 micron to 500 micron, the emission associated with HII regions is dominated by the cool dust in their photodissociation regions (PDRs). We find average dust temperatures of 26K along the PDRs, with little variation between the HII regions in the sample, while local filaments and infrared dark clouds average 19K and 15K respectively. Higher temperatures lead to higher values of the Jeans mass, which may affect future star formation. The mass of the material in the PDR, collected through the expansion of the HII region, is between ~300 and ~10,000 Solar masses for the HII regions studied here. These masses are in rough agreement with the expected ma...

Anderson, L D; Deharveng, L; Abergel, A; Motte, F; Andre, Ph; Bernard, J -P; Bontemps, S; Hennemann, M; Hill, T; Rodon, J A; Roussel, H; Russeil, D

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Acoustic Performance of an Installed Real-Time Three-Dimensional Audio System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Exterior Effects Room (EER) located at the NASA Langley Research Center is a facility built for psychoacoustic studies of aircraft community noise. Recently the EER was significantly upgraded to allow for simulation of aircraft flyovers in a three-dimensional audio and visual environment. The upgrade included installation of 27 satellite and 4 subwoofer loudspeakers that are driven by a real-time audio server. The audio server employs an implementation of the Vector Base Amplitude Panning (VBAP) method to position virtual sources at arbitrary azimuth and elevation angles in the EER. Real-time application of filters time delays and gains are required to compensate for installation effects including those associated with the irregular room geometry colorization due to varying loudspeaker installations and crossover filtering. The authors previously showed [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 127 1969 (2010)] that color compensation and crossover filtering could be achieved for satellite and subwoofer loudspeakers. However the resulting FIR filters were too long (32 768 taps) to implement in real-time. The focus of this work is on development of reduced-length surrogate IIR filters and on measurement of the acoustic performance of the installed real-time system.

Kenneth Faller II; Stephen A. Rizzi; Noah Schiller; Randolph Cabell; Jacob Klos; William L. Chapin; Aric R. Aumann

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Acoustic performance of an installed real?time three?dimensional audio system.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Exterior Effects Room (EER) located at the NASA Langley Research Center is a facility built for psychoacoustic studies of aircraft community noise. Recently the EER was significantly upgraded to allow for simulation of aircraft flyovers in a 3?D audio and visual environment. The upgrade included installation of 27 satellite and 4 subwooferloudspeakers that are driven by a real?time audio server. The audio server employs an implementation of the vector base amplitude panning method to position virtual sources at arbitrary azimuth and elevation angles in the EER. Real?time application of filters time delays and gains are required to compensate for installation effects including those associated with the irregular room geometry colorization due to varying loudspeaker installations and crossover filtering. The authors previously showed [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 127 1969 (2010)] that color compensation and crossover filtering could be achieved for satellite and subwooferloudspeakers. However the resulting FIR filters were too long (32?768 taps) to implement in real?time. The focus of this work is on the development of reduced?length surrogate IIR filters and on the measurement of the acoustic performance of the installed real?time system.?

Kenneth J. Faller II; Stephen A. Rizzi; Noah Schiller; Randolph H. Cabell; Jacob Klos; William L. Chapin; Fahri Surucu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Acoustic performance of an installed real?time three?dimensional audio systemPart II.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The exterior effects room (EER) located at the NASA Langley Research Center was recently upgraded to allow for simulation of aircraft flyovers in a three?dimensional (3?D) audio and visual environment. The 3?D audio server employs an implementation of the vector base amplitude panning (VBAP) method to position virtual sources at arbitrary azimuth and elevation angles in the EER. Recent work focused on the development of loudspeaker equalization first using high order FIR filters [POMA 9 015004 (2010)] and later using low order IIR filters [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 128 2482 (2010)]. The latter in conjunction with full?path time delay compensation and relative gain compensation were implemented in real?time and shown to reproduce the desired sound field to within about 5 dB over an extended frequency range for stationary and moving sources. In the present work the performance is further characterized both objectively and subjectively. Addressed are calibration of the system for absolute sound pressure level reproduction and measurement of the spatial uniformity of the generatedsound field. Further localization of sound sources will be subjectively measured to assess the efficacy of the VBAP implementation in the EER.

Kenneth J. Faller II; Stephen A. Rizzi; Aric R. Aumann

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Molecular tendrils feeding star formation in the Eye of the Medusa - The Medusa merger in high resolution 12CO 2-1 maps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studying molecular gas properties in merging galaxies gives us important clues to the onset and evolution of interaction-triggered starbursts. NGC4194 is particularly interesting to study since its FIR-to-CO luminosity ratio rivals that of ULIRGs,despite its lower luminosity compared to ULIRGs, which indicates a high star formation efficiency that is relative to even most spirals and ULIRGs.We study the molecular medium at an angular resolution of 0.65"x .52" through our observations of CO2-1 emission using the SMA. We compare our CO2-1 maps with optical HST and high angular resolution radio continuum images to study the relationship between molecular gas and other components of the starburst region. The molecular gas is tracing the complicated dust lane structure of NGC4194 with the brightest emission being located in an off-nuclear ring-like structure with ~320pc radius, the Eye of the Medusa. The bulk CO emission of the ring is found south of the kinematical center of NGC4194. The northern tip of the ring ...

Knig, S; Lindroos, L; Muller, S; Gallagher, J S; Beswick, R J; Petitpas, G; Jtte, E

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Star formation in the cluster CLG0218.3-0510 at z=1.62 and its large-scale environment: the infrared perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The galaxy cluster CLG0218.3-0510 at z=1.62 is one of the most distant galaxy clusters known, with a rich muti-wavelength data set that confirms a mature galaxy population already in place. Using very deep, wide area (20x20 Mpc) imaging by Spitzer/MIPS at 24um, in conjunction with Herschel 5-band imaging from 100-500um, we investigate the dust-obscured, star-formation properties in the cluster and its associated large scale environment. Our galaxy sample of 693 galaxies at z=1.62 detected at 24um (10 spectroscopic and 683 photo-z) includes both cluster galaxies (i.e. within r projected clustercentric radius) and field galaxies, defined as the region beyond a radius of 3 Mpc. The star-formation rates (SFRs) derived from the measured infrared luminosity range from 18 to 2500 Ms/yr, with a median of 55 Ms/yr, over the entire radial range (10 Mpc). The cluster brightest FIR galaxy, taken as the centre of the galaxy system, is vigorously forming stars at a rate of 256$\\pm$70 Ms/yr, and the total cluster ...

Santos, Joana S; Tanaka, Masayuki; Valtchanov, Ivan; Saintonge, Amelie; Dickinson, Mark; Foucaud, Sebastien; Kodama, Tadayuki; Rawle, Tim D; Tadaki, Ken-ichi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS DOE/EIS-0285/SA-08  

SciTech Connect

Clearing C-trees along the south side of the right-of-way. This project meets the standards and guidelines for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and Record of Decision (ROD). The project involves controlling all tall growing trees (C-Trees) within the right-of-way. All work is to be done on the south side of centerline. Target vegetation is the tall growing Firs along the edge of the ROW, all of which is located within the back yards of the property owners along the right-of-way. The density of vegetation is low and consists of C-Trees located within backyards, with the branches growing towards the lines. Due to lack of access and past verbal agreements with the landowners, permission/agreement has been difficult to obtain from the property owners. Permission has now been obtained to remove the C-Trees within their back yards which, will soon be a hazard to our transmission line facility. We are working with the landowners to get them to plant low growing scrubs and ornamentals within the right-of-way and adjacent to the right-of-way. A follow up herbicide treatment is not planned because the trees being cut will not re-sprout. This right-of-way or project area is on a three to four year maintenance schedule. Little or no treatment should be required in the immediate future.

N /A

2001-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

326

Steady-state and transient results on insulation materials  

SciTech Connect

The Unguarded Thin-Heater Apparatus (UTHA, ASTM C 1114) was used to determine the thermal conductivity (k), specific heat (C), and thermal diffusivity ({alpha}) of selected building materials from 24 to 50{degree}C. Steady-state and transient measurements yielded data on four types of material: gypsum wall board containing 0, 15, and 30 wt % wax; calcium silicate insulations with densities ({rho}) of 307, 444, and 605 kg/m{sup 3}; three wood products: southern yellow pine flooring (575 kg/m{sup 3}), Douglas fir plywood (501 kg/m{sup 3}), and white spruce flooring (452 kg/m{sup 3}); and two cellular plastic foams: extruded polystyrene (30 kg/m{sup 3}) blown with HCFC-142b and polyisocyanurate rigid board (30.2 kg/m{sup 3}) blown with CFC-11. The extruded polystyrene was measured several times after production (25 days, 45 days, 74 days, 131 days, and 227 days). The UTHA is an absolute technique that yields k with an uncertainty of less than {plus minus}2% as determined by modeling, by determinate error analyses, and by use of Standard Reference Materials SRM-1450b and SRM-1451. 37 refs., 5 figs., 10 tabs.

Graves, R.S.; Yarbrough, D.W.; McElroy, D.L.; Fine, H.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Application of sewage sludge to non-agricultural ecosystems: Impacts of nitrogen on forests  

SciTech Connect

The Clean Water Act (CWA) of 1977 directed EPA to establish standards for use and disposal of sewage sludge (biosolids). This report is part of a larger study evaluating nutrient and contaminant impacts associated with the land application of biosolids in non-agricultural ecosystems. Ecological risk assessments rarely focus on nutrients as stressors. The nutrient components of municipal sewage sludge may impact tree community composition, growth and production, habitat and forage quality for wildlife, and nutrient cycling. The focus here is on three forest ecosystems: northwestern Douglas-fir forest (Pack Forest, WA), southeastern loblolly pine plantation (Athens, GA), and eastern deciduous forest (Hubbard Brook, NH). A model called LINKAGES has been developed at ORNL to examine the relationships between nitrogen cycling and long-term forest stand dynamics, limited by climate and soil water status. Plant-available nitrogen from biosolids is added in several application scenarios and compared to the no-amendment case. All changes are noted, even if they may be viewed as benefits rather than risks. Model outputs include: above-ground biomass, individual species biomass, net above-ground production, leaf litter, evapotranspiration, available nitrogen, and dead trunks. The changes in plant community composition and production are dependent on the rate, frequency, and duration of sludge application and on the age of the stand at the time of application. Model outputs are compared to empirical studies of forests where biosolids have been applied.

Efroymson, R.A.; Tharp, M.L.; Luxmoore, R.J.; Sample, B.E.; Barnthouse, L.W. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Daniel, F.B. [Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

328

Direct detector for terahertz radiation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A direct detector for terahertz radiation comprises a grating-gated field-effect transistor with one or more quantum wells that provide a two-dimensional electron gas in the channel region. The grating gate can be a split-grating gate having at least one finger that can be individually biased. Biasing an individual finger of the split-grating gate to near pinch-off greatly increases the detector's resonant response magnitude over prior QW FET detectors while maintaining frequency selectivity. The split-grating-gated QW FET shows a tunable resonant plasmon response to FIR radiation that makes possible an electrically sweepable spectrometer-on-a-chip with no moving mechanical optical parts. Further, the narrow spectral response and signal-to-noise are adequate for use of the split-grating-gated QW FET in a passive, multispectral terahertz imaging system. The detector can be operated in a photoconductive or a photovoltaic mode. Other embodiments include uniform front and back gates to independently vary the carrier densities in the channel region, a thinned substrate to increase bolometric responsivity, and a resistive shunt to connect the fingers of the grating gate in parallel and provide a uniform gate-channel voltage along the length of the channel to increase the responsivity and improve the spectral resolution.

Wanke, Michael C. (Albuquerque, NM); Lee, Mark (Albuquerque, NM); Shaner, Eric A. (Albuquerque, NM); Allen, S. James (Santa Barbara, CA)

2008-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

329

Mercury Distribution across 14 U.S. Forests. Part II: Patterns of Methyl Mercury Concentrations and Areal Mass of Total and Methyl Mercury  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(9) In summary, the sites include (in order from south to north): (S1) a pine forest located near Gainesville, Florida; (S2) a mixed deciduous hardwood forest near Oak Ridge, Tennessee; (S3) an oak forest in Ashland, Missouri; (S4 and S5) two sites in the Sierra Nevada Mountain range south of Reno, Nevada, with one site affected by a stand-replacing wildfire in 1981 and an adjacent intact site that received no mature tree mortality;(28) (S6) a blue oak site in the foothills of California near Marysville; (S7 and S8) two Jeffrey pine forests near Truckee, California, where one site experienced prescribed burning treatments in 2002 while no prescribed burning was conducted in an adjacent site; (28) (S9) a high-elevation Rocky Mountain coniferous forest at Niwot Ridge, Colorado; (S10) a sugar-maple forest located near Hart, Michigan; (S11) a mixed, deciduous forest in Bartlett, New Hampshire; (S12) a coniferous forest in Howland, Maine; and (S13 and S14) two forest sites southeast of Seattle, Washington, one dominated by previously planted coniferous Douglas fir and an adjacent deciduous stand dominated by red alder. ... MeHg was analyzed for 12 of the 14 sites, not considering the two sites affected by prescribed burning and wildfires (sites S5 and S8). ...

Daniel Obrist

2012-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

330

Plan for integrated testing for NNWSI [Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigations] non EQ3/6 data base portion  

SciTech Connect

The purposes of the Integrated Testing Task are to develop laboratory data on thermodynamic properties for actinide and fission product elements for use in the EQ3/6 geochemical modelling code; to determine the transport properties of radionuclides in the near-field environment; and develop and validate a model to describe the rate of release of radionuclides from the near-field environment. Activities to achieve the firs item have been described in the Scientific Investigation Plan for EQ3/6, where quality assurance levels were assigned to the acitivities. This Scientific Investigation Plan describes activities to achieve the second and third purposes. The information gathered in these activities will be used to assess compliance with the performance objective for the Engineered Barrier System (EBS) to control the rate of release of radionuclides if the repository license application includes part of the host rock; to provide a source term for release of radionuclides from the waste package near-field environment to the system performance assessment task for use in showing compliance with the Environmental Protection Agency requirements; and to provide a source term for release of radionculides from the waste package near-field environment to the system performance assessment task for use in doing calculations of cumulative releases of radionuclides from the repository over 100,000 years as required by the site evaluation process. 5 refs.

Oversby, V.M.

1987-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

331

Performance prediction for short plant length systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Plant length dependent performance is commonly observed when performing feedforward active noise control for broadband disturbances. This is primarily due to high levels of low?frequency noise and limited coherence between input and error sensors. These types of systems present trade?offs in choosing between performance output power requirements and plant length. An additional design opportunity exists in terms of balancing the levels of cancellation achieved over frequency. The selection of an error signal emphasis filter determining the frequency dependence of the cost function being minimized by the controller adaptation can be of critical importance. While several explanations for this type of behavior have been offered little work has been presented for quantifying performance limitations. A method based on calculation of Lagrange multipliers is presented for determining the optimal power limited solution of an FIR filter?based controller. This provides a useful tool for predicting the effects of emphasis filter design actuator limitations and plant length on performance. This prediction method and the associated trade?offs are illustrated using data from an HVAC fan.

Steven R. Popovich

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Evaluation of the Life History of Native Salmonids in the Malheur River Basin; Cooperative Bull Trout/Redband Trout Research Project, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

The Malheur River is a 306-kilometer tributary to the Snake River, which drains 12,950 square kilometers. The Malheur River originates in the Blue Mountains and flows into the Snake River near Ontario, Oregon. The climate of the basin is characterized by hot dry summers, occasionally exceeding 38 C, and cold winters that may drop below -29 C. Average annual precipitation is 30 centimeters in the lower reaches. Wooded areas consist primarily of mixed fir and pine forest in the higher elevations. Sagebrush and grass communities dominate the flora in the lower elevations. Efforts to document salmonid life histories, water quality, and habitat conditions have continued in fiscal year 2002. Bull trout Salvelinus confluentus are considered to be cold water species and are temperature-dependant. Due to the interest of bull trout from various state and Federal agencies, a workgroup was formed to develop project objectives related to bull trout. Table 1 lists individuals that participated in the 2002 work group. This report will reflect work completed during the Bonneville Power Administration contract period starting April 1, 2002, and ending March 31, 2003. All tasks were conducted within this timeframe, and a more detailed timeframe may be referred to in each individual report.

Miller, Alan; Soupir, Jim (US Forest Service, Prairie City Ranger District, Prairie City, OR); Schwabe, Lawrence (Burns Paiute Tribe, Department of Fish and Wildlife, Burns, OR)

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Field evaluation of composite crossarms  

SciTech Connect

In 1982 the Institute of Wood Research manufactured 200 composite wood crossarms (COMARMS) for a field evaluation of their performance in service. Four different types of COMARMS were fabricated using wood flake panels to test how long term load carrying capacity is affected by varying wood furnish, wood preservatives and adhesive system. After placement with utilities in Louisiana, Michigan, New Mexico, Texas and Washington, field inspections were carried out on over 120 COMARMS after 3 years of exposure and 6 years exposure. After 6 years of exposure, most of the COMARMS were removed at random and returned to the Institute for destructive mechanical testing and evaluation. Half of the controls were mechanically tested soon after fabrication, the other half were tested with the exposed COMARMS after six years of inside storage. Tests of insulating performance in weathered and unweathered arms were carried out by Detroit Edison Company. Results of the mechanical tests and field inspections showed a wide variety of performance strongly correlated to the formulation type. Results of the mechanical and electrical testing indicate that performance similar to that observed in the best formulations would be comparable to Douglas-fir crossarms. 24 refs.

Diebel, J.F.; Charneski, M.D.; Bulleit, W.A.; Pickens, J.M. (Michigan Technological Univ., Houghton, MI (United States). Inst. of Wood Research)

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Study of morphology and stellar content of the Galactic HII region IRAS 16148-5011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An investigation of the IRAS 16148-5011 region - a cluster at a distance of 3.6 kpc - is presented here, carried out using multiwavelength data in near-infrared (NIR) from the 1.4m Infrared Survey Facility telescope, mid-infrared (MIR) from the archival Spitzer GLIMPSE survey, far-infrared (FIR) from the Herschel archive, and low-frequency radio continuum observations at 1280 and 843 MHz from the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) and Molonglo Survey archive, respectively. A combination of NIR and MIR data is used to identify 7 Class I and 133 Class II sources in the region. Spectral Energy Distribution (SED) analysis of selected sources reveals a 9.6 Msolar, high-mass source embedded in nebulosity. However, Lyman continuum luminosity calculation using radio emission - which shows a compact HII, region - indicates the spectral type of the ionizing source to be earlier than B0-O9.5. Free-free emission SED modelling yields the electron density as 138 cm^{-3}, and thus the mass of the ionized hydrogen as ~16...

Mallick, K K; Tamura, M; Linz, H; Samal, M R; Ghosh, S K

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

DIGITAL AUDIO SIGNAL PROCESSING AND NDE: AN UNLIKELY BUT VALUABLE PARTNERSHIP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the Digital Signal Processing (DSP) group within the School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering at The University of Manchester research is conducted into two seemingly distinct and disparate subjects: instrumentation for nondestructive evaluation and DSP systems & algorithms for digital audio. We have often found that many of the hardware systems and algorithms employed to recover extract or enhance audio signals may also be applied to signals provided by ultrasonic or magnetic NDE instruments. Furthermore modern DSP hardware is so fast (typically performing hundreds of millions of operations per second) that much of the processing and signal reconstruction may be performed in real time. Here we describe some of the hardware systems we have developed together with algorithms that can be implemented both in real time and offline. A next generation system has now been designed which incorporates a processor operating at 0.55 Giga MMACS six input and eight output analogue channels digital input/output in the form of S/PDIF a JTAG and a USB interface. The software allows the user with no knowledge of filter theory or programming to design and run standard or arbitrary FIR IIR and adaptive filters. Using audio as a vehicle we can demonstrate the remarkable properties of modern reconstruction algorithms when used in conjunction with such hardware; applications in NDE include signal enhancement and recovery in acoustic ultrasonic magnetic and eddy current modalities.

Patrick Gaydecki

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Identification of the true elastic modulus of high density polyethylene from tensile tests using an appropriate reduced model of the elastoviscoplastic behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rheological parameters of materials are determined in the industry according to international standards established generally on the basis of widespread techniques and robust methods of estimation. Concerning solid polymers and the determination of Young's modulus in tensile tests, ISO 527-1 or ASTM D638 standards rely on protocols with poor scientific content: the determination of the slope of conventionally defined straight lines fitted to stress-strain curves in a given range of elongations. This paper describes the approach allowing for a correct measurement of the instantaneous elastic modulus of polymers in a tensile test. It is based on the use of an appropriate reduced model to describe the behavior of the material. The model comes a thermodynamical framework and allows to reproduce the behavior of an HDPE Polymer until large strains, covering the elastoviscoplastic and hardening regimes. Well-established principles of parameter estimation in engineering science are used to found the identificatio...

Blaise, A; Delobelle, Patrick; Meshaka, Yves; Cunat, C

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Identification of the true elastic modulus of high density polyethylene from tensile tests using an appropriate reduced model of the elastoviscoplastic behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rheological parameters of materials are determined in the industry according to international standards established generally on the basis of widespread techniques and robust methods of estimation. Concerning solid polymers and the determination of Young's modulus in tensile tests, ISO 527-1 or ASTM D638 standards rely on protocols with poor scientific content: the determination of the slope of conventionally defined straight lines fitted to stress-strain curves in a given range of elongations. This paper describes the approach allowing for a correct measurement of the instantaneous elastic modulus of polymers in a tensile test. It is based on the use of an appropriate reduced model to describe the behavior of the material. The model comes a thermodynamical framework and allows to reproduce the behavior of an HDPE Polymer until large strains, covering the elastoviscoplastic and hardening regimes. Well-established principles of parameter estimation in engineering science are used to found the identification procedure. It will be shown that three parameters only are necessary to model experimental tensile signals: the instantaneous ('Young's') modulus, the maximum relaxation time of a linear distribution (described with a universal shape) and a strain hardening modulus to describe the 'relaxed' state. The paper ends with an assessment of the methodology. Our results of instantaneous modulus measurements are compared with those obtained with other physical experiments operating at different temporal and length scales.

A. Blaise; Stphane Andr; Patrick Delobelle; Yves Meshaka; C. Cunat

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

338

EBSCOhost 1 of 2 http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pvh&AN=cnt-17-8-438  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

than enjoy. Munn has managed all this without oversimplifying the material and without talking down to the reader or using simplistic diagrams. The total effect is all the more pleasing because he chose behavior, the evolution of man and his cultures. These are handled well and sometimes in a pithy manner

Weinberger, Norman M.

339

Quiz # 4, STAT 383, Prof. Suman Sanyal, March 25, 2009 Q10 (Page 301). Each of the following is a confidence interval for = true average  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@clarkson.edu #12;Q12 (Page 302). Heavy-metal pollution of various ecosystem is a serious environmen- tal threat

Sanyal, Suman

340

True asymptotic plasma-sheath matching with an asymptotically correct collisional presheath. Final report, 1 September 1985-31 October 1988  

SciTech Connect

The work on plasma presheaths, which form a transition region between the collisionless electrode sheaths and the plasma, is directed toward the problems of the Thermionic Energy Converter (TEC). A schematic of a TEC is shown in a reactor core for space power applications. Cesium is put into the gap between the emitter and collector for two purposes: First, to ionize and neutralize the space charge so that a useful electron current density can pass (10 - 100 amps/square cm), and second to reduce the electrode work functions by adsorption of cesium. Of the plasma physics of the cesium filled gap of the TEC, the plasma-electrode interactions are the most significant part because these regions form boundary conditions which control the plasma density and temperatures of the entire gap. Thus the research under this grant has been directed toward the study of collisional presheaths which form the layer adjacent to an electrode on the order of one ion mean free path thick. However, the research pursued under this grant is not limited in applicability to TECs but is on interest to plasma-surface interactions in general. Other applications include electric propulsion where electrode erosion is a problem and not fully understood and more generally any plasma-surface interaction. This report included the asymptotic presheath theory developed, and is preceded by the basic theory of the Thermionic Energy Converter (TEC) and is followed by the application of the theory to a time dependent model of the TEC in the program called TEC. As shown in the TEC results, the agreement with experiment is good except in the low current regime of the TEC where an unexplained disagreement remains. This is still a puzzle.

Main, G.L.

1989-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

AzTEC Millimetre Survey of the COSMOS Field: I. Data Reduction and Source Catalogue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a 1.1 mm wavelength imaging survey covering 0.3 sq. deg. in the COSMOS field. These data, obtained with the AzTEC continuum camera on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT), were centred on a prominent large-scale structure over-density which includes a rich X-ray cluster at z = 0.73. A total of 50 millimetre galaxy candidates, with a significance ranging from 3.5-8.5 sigma, are extracted from the central 0.15 sq. deg. area which has a uniform sensitivity of 1.3 mJy/beam. Sixteen sources are detected with S/N > 4.5, where the expected false-detection rate is zero, of which a surprisingly large number (9) have intrinsic (de-boosted) fluxes > 5 mJy at 1.1 mm. Assuming the emission is dominated by radiation from dust, heated by a massive population of young, optically-obscured stars, then these bright AzTEC sources have FIR luminosities > 6 x 10^12 L(sun) and star formation-rates > 1100 M(sun)/yr. Two of these nine bright AzTEC sources are found towards the extreme peripheral region of the X-ray cluster, whilst the remainder are distributed across the larger-scale over-density. We describe the AzTEC data reduction pipeline, the source-extraction algorithm, and the characterisation of the source catalogue, including the completeness, flux de-boosting correction, false-detection rate and the source positional uncertainty, through an extensive set of Monte-Carlo simulations. We conclude with a preliminary comparison, via a stacked analysis, of the overlapping MIPS 24 micron data and radio data with this AzTEC map of the COSMOS field.

K. S. Scott; J. E. Austermann; T. A. Perera; G. W. Wilson; I. Aretxaga; J. J. Bock; D. H. Hughes; Y. Kang; S. Kim; P. D. Mauskopf; D. B. Sanders; N. Scoville; M. S. Yun

2008-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

342

1994 Northern Goshawk inventory on portions of Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM  

SciTech Connect

Northern goshawks (Accipiter gentilis) (hereafter referred to as goshawk) are large forest dwelling hawks. They are the largest species of the Accipiter genus which also includes sharp-shinned hawks (A. striatus) and the Cooper`s hawk (A. cooperii). Goshawks are holarctic in distribution and nest in coniferous, deciduous, and mixed species forests. In the southwest they primarily nest in ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa), mixed species, and spruce-fir forests. Goshawks may be declining in population and reproduction in the southwestern United States. In 1982 the USDA-Forest Service listed the goshawk as a {open_quotes}sensitive species{close_quotes} and in 1992 the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service listed the goshawk as a {open_quotes}Category 2 species{close_quotes} in accordance with the Endangered Species Act. Reasons for the possible decline in goshawk populations include timber harvesting resulting in the loss of nesting habitat, toxic chemicals, and the effects of drought, fire, and disease. Thus, there is a need to determine their population status and assess impacts of management activities in potential goshawk habitat. Goshawk inventory was conducted during the 1993 nesting season with no adult goshawk responses detected within the LANL survey area. As noted by Sinton and Kennedy, these results may be interpreted in several ways: (1) no goshawk territory(ies) occur in the inventoried area; (2) goshawk territory(ies) exist but have failed prior to the survey and thus were not detected; or (3) territory(ies) exist and were successful but the goshawks did not respond to tapes or their responses were undetected by the observer. For those reasons, a goshawk inventory was conducted in 1994. This report summarizes the results of this inventory.

Sinton, D.T.; Kennedy, P.L. [Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Salvage logging and forest renewal affect early aspen stand structure after catastrophic wind  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Among the major natural disturbances that occur in the North American boreal forest, the effects of catastrophic wind are the least studied due to its infrequent occurrence, often in inaccessible areas, and lack of rapid research response. Most documented studies have been conducted in conifer or mixedwood forests and generally have not considered follow up forest renewal operations such as salvage logging followed by planting and tending. In 2006 after a severe wind disturbance in trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) forest in northeastern Ontario, we established an operational study to investigate the effects of post-wind disturbance treatments on stand structure (residual live trees, snags, and downed wood) and early forest regeneration. The treatments were blowdown (B), blowdown followed by salvage logging (BS), blowdown followed by salvage logging, windrowing and planting (BSP), BSP followed by aerial spray (tending) with glyphosate 1year after planting (BSPT), and clearcut (C). The operational salvage logging removed about 55% of the 60 m3 ha?1 of the snags and 15% of the 390 m3 ha?1 of the coarse downed wood. The relatively low rate of salvage removal increased the abundance (density and stocking) of aspen regeneration and reduced moss cover, but did not affect average height of aspen suckers or the abundance (cover) of other vegetation types. The mechanical operations damaged much of the advanced growth of conifers (mostly black spruce and balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.) released by the wind. However, these stems were not sufficiently abundant to contribute significantly to the regenerating forest. Windrowing before planting slightly reduced the amount of area covered by downed wood, while the tending reduced broadleaf regeneration and the abundance of shrubs and increased conifer regeneration and the abundance of grasses. If the management objective is to renew aspen forests lost to catastrophic wind, salvage logging is a viable option to clear the site for regeneration. Forest renewal treatments, including planting and tending, are required when the management objective is conifer regeneration.

Rongzhou Man; Han Y.H. Chen; Andrew Schafer

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Thermal decomposition of charring materials  

SciTech Connect

Experimental techniques and methods were developed to investigate the transient process of wood pyrolysis under different levels of external radiation, moisture content of the wood sample, and oxygen concentration of the ambient atmosphere. A unique small-scale combustion-wind tunnel was constructed to conduct the pyrolysis experiments and to obtain the time dependent gasification mass flux, surface and in-depth temperatures, and evolved products of pyrolysis (CO, CO{sub 2}, H{sub 2}O, and total hydrocarbons (THC)) for thermally thick samples of Douglas-fir. Experiments were performed both in inert atmosphere (nitrogen), and in air at several different heat fluxes and three different moisture contents of wood. Time dependent empirical chemical composition, char yield, and the heat of combustion of the pyrolysis products were determined. The experimental results indicate that the presence of moisture reduces the pyrolysis mass flux and delays the occurrence of its maxima. Presence of oxygen drastically increases the pyrolysis mass flux but its effect specially at lower temperatures depends on the experimental conditions such as the boundary layer thickness over the wood surface. Char yield, chemical composition of the volatiles, and the heat of combustion were found to vary during the pyrolysis process and with changes in the environmental conditions and wood moisture content. The pyrolysis temperature assumption often used for the simplified modeling of wood pyrolysis was examined in detail by considering two otherwise identical models; one with infinitely fast decomposition kinetics and the other with finite rate chemistry. It was concluded that the pyrolysis temperature is not a material property and different pyrolysis temperatures are needed for every problem.

Nurbakhsh, S.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

SAC Availability for the IRIS Community  

SciTech Connect

SAC (also known as SAC2000) is a signal processing and analysis code that has been developed by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) over the past 20+ years for a variety of seismic and geophysical research projects. SAC has evolved into a general purpose interactive program designed for the study of sequential signals, especially time-series data. Emphasis has been placed on analysis tools used by research seismologists in the detailed study of seismic events. Analysis capabilities include general arithmetic operations, Fourier transforms, three spectral estimation techniques, IIR and FIR filtering, signal stacking, decimation, interpolation, correlation, and seismic phase picking. SAC also contains an extensive graphics capability. SAC is used extensively by the seismic community because: (1) it has a broad range of well-tested, efficient data analysis capabilities (examples include: data inspection, phase picking, signal correction, quality control, unary and binary data operations, travel-time analysis, spectral analysis including high-resolution spectral estimation, spectrograms and binary sonograms, and array and three-component analysis), (2) it is easy to use and reliable, (3) it has a macro programming language that allows users to develop innovative new analysis techniques, (4) it has interfaces to the Unix operating system, Matlab (www.mathworks.com), and the Generic Mapping Tools (GMT) software (Wessel and Smith, 1991, 1998 and gmt.soest.hawaii.edu) that make it very flexible, allowing researchers to solve many research problems innovatively with minimal programming effort, and (5) the suite of analysis capabilities are integrated so that innovative processing schemes are easily implemented. SAC is also widely used because of its user oriented development philosophy, which has led to consistent, easy to use capabilities that are backward compatible. A sample of some of SAC's capabilities is displayed in Figure 1.

Goldstein, P; Snoke, A

2005-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

346

A DUAL-BAND MILLIMETER-WAVE KINETIC INDUCTANCE CAMERA FOR THE IRAM 30 m TELESCOPE  

SciTech Connect

The Neel IRAM KIDs Array (NIKA) is a fully integrated measurement system based on kinetic inductance detectors (KIDs) currently being developed for millimeter wave astronomy. The instrument includes dual-band optics allowing simultaneous imaging at 150 GHz and 220 GHz. The imaging sensors consist of two spatially separated arrays of KIDs. The first array, mounted on the 150 GHz branch, is composed of 144 lumped-element KIDs. The second array (220 GHz) consists of 256 antenna-coupled KIDs. Each of the arrays is sensitive to a single polarization; the band splitting is achieved by using a grid polarizer. The optics and sensors are mounted in a custom dilution cryostat, with an operating temperature of {approx}70 mK. Electronic readout is realized using frequency multiplexing and a transmission line geometry consisting of a coaxial cable connected in series with the sensor array and a low-noise 4 K amplifier. The dual-band NIKA was successfully tested in 2010 October at the Institute for Millimetric Radio Astronomy (IRAM) 30 m telescope at Pico Veleta, Spain, performing in-line with laboratory predictions. An optical NEP was then calculated to be around 2 x 10{sup -16} W Hz{sup -1/2} (at 1 Hz) while under a background loading of approximately 4 pW pixel{sup -1}. This improvement in comparison with a preliminary run (2009) verifies that NIKA is approaching the target sensitivity for photon-noise limited ground-based detectors. Taking advantage of the larger arrays and increased sensitivity, a number of scientifically relevant faint and extended objects were then imaged including the Galactic Center SgrB2 (FIR1), the radio galaxy Cygnus A, and the NGC1068 Seyfert galaxy. These targets were all observed simultaneously in the 150 GHz and 220 GHz atmospheric windows.

Monfardini, A.; Benoit, A.; Bideaud, A.; Swenson, L.; Cruciani, A.; Camus, P.; Hoffmann, C. [Institut Neel, CNRS and Universite Joseph Fourier (UJF), Grenoble F-38042 (France); Desert, F. X. [Institut de Planetologie et d'Astrophysique, UJF and CNRS-INSU, Grenoble F-38041 (France); Doyle, S.; Ade, P.; Mauskopf, P.; Tucker, C. [Cardiff School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF24 3AA (United Kingdom); Roesch, M.; Leclercq, S.; Schuster, K. F. [Institut de RadioAstronomie Millimetrique (IRAM), Saint Martin d'Heres F-38406 (France); Endo, A. [Kavli Institute of NanoScience, Delft University of Technology, 2628 CJ Delft (Netherlands); Baryshev, A.; Baselmans, J. J. A.; Ferrari, L.; Yates, S. J. C, E-mail: monfardini@grenoble.cnrs.fr [SRON, Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 3584 CA Utrecht and 9700 AV Groningen (Netherlands)

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Fire regimes and forest structure in a sky island mixed conifer forest, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas, USA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fire is a key disturbance agent in the fire-prone mixed conifer and ponderosa pine forests of the southwestern United States. Human activities (i.e., livestock grazing, logging, and fire suppression) have resulted in the exclusion of fire from these forests for the past century and fire exclusion has caused changes in forest structure and composition. This study quantifies spatial and temporal variability in fire regimes and forest change in a 1000-ha area of mixed conifer forest in Guadalupe Mountains National Park (GMNP), an area with an uncommon history of grazing and fire suppression. Dendroecological methods were used to quantify fire frequency, season, severity, and extent, as well as forest structural and compositional change. The mean composite fire return interval (CFI) for the study area was 4 years. Widespread fires were less frequent. The mean CFI for fires recorded in at least 10% of the samples collected was 9.2 years, and mean CFI for fires scarring at least 25% of samples was 16.3 years. Many of these widespread fires occurred in the 19th century. The mean point fire return interval (PFI) was longer at 24 years. Fire scars were primarily formed in the earliest portion of earlywood in annual rings, indicating that fires burned mainly in the spring, at the beginning of the growing season. The onset of grazing in the 1920s dramatically reduced fire frequency. An increase in tree density and a compositional shift from southwestern white pine (Pinus strobiformis Engelm.) to Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii [Mirb.] Franco) coincides with the grazing era. In addition, the pre-ranching era was characterized by low-severity fires, while structural changes have resulted in a contemporary forest that is prone to high severity fire, as evidenced by two stand-replacing wildfires in GMNP in the 1990s.

John Sakulich; Alan H. Taylor

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Infrared Properties of Close Pairs of Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss spectroscopy and infrared photometry for a complete sample of ~ 800 galaxies in close pairs objectively selected from the CfA2 redshift survey. We use 2MASS to compare near infrared color-color diagrams for our sample with the Nearby Field Galaxy Sample and with a set of IRAS flux-limited pairs from Surace et al. We construct a basic statistical model to explore the physical sources of the substantial differences among these samples. The model explains the spread of near infrared colors and is consistent with a picture where central star formation is triggered by the galaxy-galaxy interaction before a merger occurs. For 160 galaxies we report new, deep JHK photometry within our spectroscopic aperture and we use the combined spectroscopic and photometric data to explore the physical conditions in the central bursts. We find a set of objects with H-K >= 0.45 and with a large F(FIR)/F(H). We interpret the very red H-K colors as evidence for 600-1000 K dust within compact star-forming regions, perhaps similar to super-star clusters identified in individual well-studied interacting galaxies. The galaxies in our sample are candidate ``hidden'' bursts or, possibly, ``hidden'' AGN. Over the entire pair sample, both spectroscopic and photometric data show that the specific star formation rate decreases with the projected separation of the pair. The data suggest that the near infrared color-color diagram is also a function of the projected separation; all of the objects with central near infrared colors indicative of bursts of star formation lie at small projected separation.

Margaret J. Geller; Scott J. Kenyon; Elizabeth J. Barton; Thomas H. Jarrett; Lisa J. Kewley

2006-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

349

Exploratory Technology Research Program for electrochemical energy storage: Annual report for 1993  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy`s Office of Propulsion Systems provides support for an Electrochemical Energy Storage Program, that includes research and development (R&D) on advanced rechargeable batteries and fuel cells. A major goal of this program is to develop electrochemical power sources suitable for application in electric vehicles (EVs). The program centers on advanced systems that offer the potential for high performance and low life-cycle costs, both of which are necessary to permit significant penetration into commercial markets. The DOE Electrochemical Energy Storage Program is divided into two projects: the Electric Vehicle Advanced Battery Systems (EVABS) Development Program and the Exploratory Technology Research (ETR) Program. The EVABS Program management responsibility has been assigned to Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) is responsible for management of the ETR Program. The EVABS and ETR Programs include an integrated matrix of R&D efforts designed to advance progress on selected candidate electrochemical systems. The United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC), a tripartite undertaking between DOE, the U.S. automobile manufacturers and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), was formed in 1991 to accelerate the development of advanced batteries for consumer EVs. The role of the FIR Program is to perform supporting research on the advanced battery systems under development by the USABC and EVABS Program, and to evaluate new systems with potentially superior performance, durability and/or cost characteristics. The specific goal of the ETR Program is to identify the most promising electrochemical technologies and transfer them to the USABC, the battery industry and/or the EVABS Program for further development and scale-up. This report summarizes the research, financial and management activities relevant to the ETR Program in CY 1993.

Kinoshita, K. [ed.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Carbonates in space - The challenge of low temperature data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbonates have repeatedly been discussed as possible carriers of stardust emission bands. However, the band assignments proposed so far were mainly based on room temperature powder transmission spectra of the respective minerals. Since very cold calcite grains have been claimed to be present in protostars and in Planetary Nebulae such as NGC 6302, the changes of their dielectric functions at low temperatures are relevant from an astronomical point of view. We have derived the IR optical constants of calcite and dolomite from reflectance spectra - measured at 300, 200, 100 and 10K - and calculated small particle spectra for different grain shapes, with the following results: i) The absorption efficiency factors both of calcite and dolomite are extremely dependent on the particle shapes. This is due to the high peak values of the optical constants of CaCO3 and CaMg[CO3]2. ii) The far infrared properties of calcite and dolomite depend also very significantly on the temperature. Below 200K, a pronounced sharpening and increase in the band strengths of the FIR resonances occurs. iii) In view of the intrinsic strength and sharpening of the 44 mum band of calcite at 200-100K, the absence of this band -- inferred from Infrared Space Observatory data -- in PNe requires dust temperatures below 45K. iv) Calcite grains at such low temperatures can account for the '92' mum band, while our data rule out dolomite as the carrier of the 60-65 mum band. The optical constants here presented are publicly available in the electronic database http://www.astro.uni-jena.de/Laboratory/OCDB

Th. Posch; A. Baier; H. Mutschke; Th. Henning

2007-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

351

Biological Information Document, Radioactive Liquid Waste Treatment Facility  

SciTech Connect

This document is intended to act as a baseline source material for risk assessments which can be used in Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements. The current Radioactive Liquid Waste Treatment Facility (RLWTF) does not meet current General Design Criteria for Non-reactor Nuclear Facilities and could be shut down affecting several DOE programs. This Biological Information Document summarizes various biological studies that have been conducted in the vicinity of new Proposed RLWTF site and an Alternative site. The Proposed site is located on Mesita del Buey, a mess top, and the Alternative site is located in Mortandad Canyon. The Proposed Site is devoid of overstory species due to previous disturbance and is dominated by a mixture of grasses, forbs, and scattered low-growing shrubs. Vegetation immediately adjacent to the site is a pinyon-juniper woodland. The Mortandad canyon bottom overstory is dominated by ponderosa pine, willow, and rush. The south-facing slope was dominated by ponderosa pine, mountain mahogany, oak, and muhly. The north-facing slope is dominated by Douglas fir, ponderosa pine, and oak. Studies on wildlife species are limited in the vicinity of the proposed project and further studies will be necessary to accurately identify wildlife populations and to what extent they utilize the project area. Some information is provided on invertebrates, amphibians and reptiles, and small mammals. Additional species information from other nearby locations is discussed in detail. Habitat requirements exist in the project area for one federally threatened wildlife species, the peregrine falcon, and one federal candidate species, the spotted bat. However, based on surveys outside of the project area but in similar habitats, these species are not expected to occur in either the Proposed or Alternative RLWTF sites. Habitat Evaluation Procedures were used to evaluate ecological functioning in the project area.

Biggs, J.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

352

Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Meteor Cruise 22/5 in the South Atlantic Ocean (WOCE Section A10, December 1992-January 1993)  

SciTech Connect

This data documentation discusses the procedures and methods used to measure total carbon dioxide (TCO{sub 2}) and total alkalinity (TALK) at hydrographic stations, as well as the underway partial pressure of CO{sub 2} (pCO{sub 2}) during the R/V Meteor Cruise 22/5 in the South Atlantic Ocean (Section A10). Conducted as part of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE), the cruise began in Rio de Janeiro on December 27, 1992, and ended after 36 days at sea in Capetown, South Africa, on January 31, 1993. Measurements made along WOCE Section A10 included pressure, temperature, and salinity [measured by conductivity, temperature, and depth (CTD) sensor], bottle salinity, bottle oxygen, phosphate, nitrate, nitrite, silicate, chlorofluorocarbons (CFC-1 1 , CFC-12), TCO{sub 2}, TALK, and underway pCO{sub 2}. The TCO{sub 2} was measured by using two Single-Operator Multiparameter Metabolic Analyzers (SOMMAs) for extracting CO{sub 2} from seawater samples that were coupled to a coulometer for detection of the extracted CO{sub 2}. The overall precision and accuracy of the analyses was {+-} 1.9 {micro}mol/kg. Samples collected for TALK were measured by potentiometric titration; precision was {+-}2.0 {micro}mol/kg. Underway pCO{sub 2} was measured by infrared photometry with a precision of {+-} 2.0 {micro}atm. The work aboard the R/V Meteor was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC02-76CHOO016, and the Bundesministerium fir Forschung und Technologies through grants 03F0545A and MPG 099/1.

Kozyr, A.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

The flash pyrolysis and methanolysis of biomass (wood) for production of ethylene, benzene and methanol  

SciTech Connect

The process chemistry of the flash pyrolysis of biomass (wood) with the reactive gases, H{sub 2} and CH{sub 4} and with the non-reactive gases He and N{sub 2} is being determined in a 1 in. downflow tubular reactor at pressures from 20 to 1000 psi and temperatures from 600 to 1000{degrees}C. With hydrogen, flash hydropyrolysis leads to high yields of methane and CO which can be used for SNG and methanol fuel production. With methane, flash methanolysis leads to high yields of ethylene, benzene and CO which can be used for the production of valuable chemical feedstocks and methanol transportation fuel. At reactor conditions of 50 psi and 1000{degrees}C and approximately 1 sec residence time, the yields based on pine wood carbon conversion are up to 25% for ethylene, 25% for benzene, and 45% for CO, indicating that over 90% of the carbon in pine is converted to valuable products. Pine wood produces higher yields of hydrocarbon products than Douglas fir wood; the yield of ethylene is 2.3 times higher with methane than with helium or nitrogen, and for pine, the ratio is 7.5 times higher. The mechanism appears to be a free radical reaction between CH{sub 4} and the pyrolyzed wood. There appears to be no net production or consumption of methane. A preliminary process design and analysis indicates a potentially economical competitive system for the production of ethylene, benzene and methanol based on the methanolysis of wood. 10 refs., 18 figs., 1 tab.

Steinberg, M.; Fallon, P.T.; Sundaram, M.S.

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

True atomic-scale imaging of a spinel Li{sub 4}Ti{sub 5}O{sub 12}(111) surface in aqueous solution by frequency-modulation atomic force microscopy  

SciTech Connect

Spinel-type lithium titanium oxide (LTO; Li{sub 4}Ti{sub 5}O{sub 12}) is a negative electrode material for lithium-ion batteries. Revealing the atomic-scale surface structure of LTO in liquid is highly necessary to investigate its surface properties in practical environments. Here, we reveal an atomic-scale image of the LTO(111) surface in LiCl aqueous solution using frequency-modulation atomic force microscopy. Atomically flat terraces and single steps having heights of multiples of 0.5?nm were observed in the aqueous solution. Hexagonal bright spots separated by 0.6?nm were also observed on the flat terrace part, corresponding to the atomistic contrast observed in the ultrahigh vacuum condition, which suggests that the basic atomic structure of the LTO(111) surface is retained without dramatic reconstruction even in the aqueous solution.

Kitta, Mitsunori, E-mail: m-kitta@aist.go.jp; Kohyama, Masanori [Research Institute for Ubiquitous Energy Devices, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 1-8-31 Midorigaoka, Ikeda, Osaka 563-8577 (Japan); Onishi, Hiroshi [Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Kobe University 1-1 Rokkodai, Nada, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

355

24/06/2012 21:47The demise of group selection Why Evolution Is True Page 1 of 9http://whyevolutionistrue.wordpress.com/2012/06/24/the-demise-of-group-selection/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the altruists « Home Search Find » Meta Register Log in Links All posts All comments Email Subscription Enter", and it "often leads to the confusing redefinition of terms and the use of confusing jargon

West, Stuart

356

A search for particle dark matter using cryogenic germanium and silicon detectors in the one- and two- tower runs of CDMS-II at Soudan  

SciTech Connect

Images of the Bullet Cluster of galaxies in visible light, X-rays, and through gravitational lensing confirm that most of the matter in the universe is not composed of any known form of matter. The combined evidence from the dynamics of galaxies and clusters of galaxies, the cosmic microwave background, big bang nucleosynthesis, and other observations indicates that 80% of the universe's matter is dark, nearly collisionless, and cold. The identify of the dar, matter remains unknown, but weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) are a very good candidate. They are a natural part of many supersymmetric extensions to the standard model, and could be produced as a nonrelativistic, thermal relic in the early universe with about the right density to account for the missing mass. The dark matter of a galaxy should exist as a spherical or ellipsoidal cloud, called a 'halo' because it extends well past the edge of the visible galaxy. The Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS) seeks to directly detect interactions between WIMPs in the Milky Way's galactic dark matter halo using crystals of germanium and silicon. Our Z-sensitive ionization and phonon ('ZIP') detectors simultaneously measure both phonons and ionization produced by particle interactions. In order to find very rare, low-energy WIMP interactions, they must identify and reject background events caused by environmental radioactivity, radioactive contaminants on the detector,s and cosmic rays. In particular, sophisticated analysis of the timing of phonon signals is needed to eliminate signals caused by beta decays at the detector surfaces. This thesis presents the firs two dark matter data sets from the deep underground experimental site at the Soudan Underground Laboratory in Minnesota. These are known as 'Run 118', with six detectors (1 kg Ge, 65.2 live days before cuts) and 'Run 119', with twelve detectors (1.5 kg Ge, 74.5 live days before cuts). They have analyzed all data from the two runs together in a single, combined analysis, with sensitivity to lower-energy interactions, careful control of data quality and stability, and further development of techniques for reconstructing event location and rejecting near-surface interactions from beta decays. They also present a revision to the previously published Run 119 analysis, a demonstration of the feasibility of a low-threshold (1 or 2 keV) analysis of Soudan data, and a review of the literature on charge generation and quenching relevant to the ionization signal.

Ogburn, Reuben Walter, IV; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

The JLab high power ERL light source  

SciTech Connect

A new THz/IR/UV photon source at Jefferson Lab is the first of a new generation of light sources based on an Energy-Recovered, (superconducting) Linac (ERL). The machine has a 160 MeV electron beam and an average current of 10 mA in 75 MHz repetition rate hundred femtosecond bunches. These electron bunches pass through a magnetic chicane and therefore emit synchrotron radiation. For wavelengths longer than the electron bunch the electrons radiate coherently a broadband THz {approx} half cycle pulse whose average brightness is > 5 orders of magnitude higher than synchrotron IR sources. Previous measurements showed 20 W of average power extracted[1]. The new facility offers simultaneous synchrotron light from the visible through the FIR along with broadband THz production of 100 fs pulses with >200 W of average power. The FELs also provide record-breaking laser power [2]: up to 10 kW of average power in the IR from 1 to 14 microns in 400 fs pulses at up to 74.85 MHz repetition rates and soon will produce similar pulses of 300-1000 nm light at up to 3 kW of average power from the UV FEL. These ultrashort pulses are ideal for maximizing the interaction with material surfaces. The optical beams are Gaussian with nearly perfect beam quality. See www.jlab.org/FEL for details of the operating characteristics; a wide variety of pulse train configurations are feasible from 10 microseconds long at high repetition rates to continuous operation. The THz and IR system has been commissioned. The UV system is to follow in 2005. The light is transported to user laboratories for basic and applied research. Additional lasers synchronized to the FEL are also available. Past activities have included production of carbon nanotubes, studies of vibrational relaxation of interstitial hydrogen in silicon, pulsed laser deposition and ablation, nitriding of metals, and energy flow in proteins. This paper will present the status of the system and discuss some of the discoveries we have made concerning the physics performance, design optimization, and operational limitations of such a first generation high power ERL light source.

G.R. Neil; C. Behre; S.V. Benson; M. Bevins; G. Biallas; J. Boyce; J. Coleman; L.A. Dillon-Townes; D. Douglas; H.F. Dylla; R. Evans; A. Grippo; D. Gruber; J. Gubeli; D. Hardy; C. Hernandez-Garcia; K. Jordan; M.J. Kelley; L. Merminga; J. Mammosser; W. Moore; N. Nishimori; E. Pozdeyev; J. Preble; R. Rimmer; Michelle D. Shinn; T. Siggins; C. Tennant; R. Walker; G.P. Williams and S. Zhang

2005-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

358

Current and future effects of ozone and atmospheric nitrogen deposition on Californias mixed conifer forests  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mixed conifer forests in southern California are exposed to elevated levels of ozone (O3) and atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition. Growing season 12-h daily average O3 levels are 0.060.09ppm, and N deposition rates are 545kg N/ha per year. However, N deposition rates have high spatial variability due to the heterogeneous and open-patchy characteristics of these stands. Annual deposition fluxes are greatest to canopy-covered areas with high pollution exposure. The harmful effects of O3 on sensitive pines are well documented, and selected areas in the San Bernardino and San Gabriel mountains have reached N-saturation as demonstrated by high nitrate (NO3?) export in streams, and a suite of plant and edaphic indicators. The adverse effects of O3 culminate at the community level as a result of chronic effects on pine needle structure, retention, and physiology. Alterations in whole-tree biomass occur after several years due to higher carbon retention in the shoot for O3 detoxification, and lower carbon allocation to roots, as a result of O3 and N deposition. As a consequence, tree susceptibility to drought, windthrow, and root diseases could be exacerbated. Changes in forest community structure may occur due to the death of O3-sensitive pines and fire suppression, and pine replacement by faster-growing, O3-tolerant cedar and fir species. The negative impact of atmospheric N deposition occurs at the ecosystem-level as an alteration of biogeochemical nutrient cycling. For trees growing on N-deficient soils, increased supplies of N could moderate harmful O3 effects on growth for several decades. Over time, levels of soil N rise due to sustained inputs from the atmosphere, and the accelerated production and senescence of N-rich foliage by O3. The increase in soil N is expected to favor the proliferation of nitrophilous overstory and understory species relative to pines. At this stage, N-limitation of forest productivity would be partially alleviated, and N emissions from soil and NO3? leaching losses elevated as a result of high soil N availability. In the western San Bernardino Mountains and in low-elevation chaparral watersheds in the San Gabriel Mountains, NO3? levels in streams are as high or higher than in any other undisturbed montane watersheds in North America, and NO3? contamination of domestic water supplies is of near-term concern. The effects of chronic O3 exposure and N deposition are expected to become more prevalent in the southern Sierra Nevada as human populations and influences in adjacent areas increase in the coming years.

Brent K. Takemoto; Andrzej Bytnerowicz; Mark E. Fenn

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-15)  

SciTech Connect

BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission lines. Work also includes clearing of a small (<1/4 mile) section of access road. All work will be in accordance with the National Electrical Safety Code and BPA standards. See Section 1.1 of the attached checklist for detailed information on each section of the referenced transmission lines. BPA will conduct the vegetation control with the goal of removing tall-growing vegetation that is currently or will soon be a hazard to the transmission lines and where possible to promote low-growing plant communities in the right-of-way. This project meets the standards and guidelines for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and Record of Decision (ROD). The vegetation needing control is mainly Douglas Fir, Alder, and blackberries as indicated in Section 1.2 of the attached checklist. The work involved in the ROW includes: clearing tall growing vegetation that is currently or will soon pose a hazard to the lines; treating the associated stumps and re-sprouts with herbicide to ensure that the roots are killed preventing new sprouts; and selectively eliminating tall growing vegetation before it reaches a height or density to begin competing with low-growing vegetation. All work will take place in existing rights-of-ways and around transmission structures. All work will be accomplished by selective vegetation control methods to assure that there is little potential harm to non-target vegetation and to low-growing plants. The work will provide system reliability and fire protection. Also, all off right-of-way trees that are potentially unstable and will fall within a minimum distance or into the zone where the conductors swing will be removed. Access roads will be treated using mowing and herbicide applications. The work will provide system reliability. The subject transmission lines range from 115kV to 230kV and are made up of accompanying access roads, steel and wooden transmission line structures and associated switching platforms. The minimum clearance ranges from 21 feet for 115kV lines to 23 feet for 230kV lines. ROW easement widths vary along the length of the project. Vegetation control for this project is designed to provide a 3 year maintenance free interval. In summary, the overall vegetation management scheme will be to selectively remove tall growing vegetation then apply selective herbicide treatment using cut stump applications.

N /A

2001-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

360

Evaluation of the Life History of Native Salmonids in the Malheur River Basin; Cooperative Bull Trout/Redband Trout Research Project, 2000-2001 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

The Malheur basin lies within southeastern Oregon. The Malheur River is a tributary to the Snake River, entering at about River Kilometer (RK) 595. The hydrological drainage area of the Malheur River is approximately 12,950 km{sup 2} and is roughly 306 km in length. The headwaters of the Malheur River originate in the Blue Mountains at elevations of 6,500 to 7,500 feet, and drops to an elevation of 2000 feet at the confluence with the Snake River near Ontario, Oregon. The climate of the Malheur basin is characterized by hot dry summers, occasionally exceeding 38 C and cold winters that may drop below -29 C. Average annual precipitation is 300 centimeters and ranges from 100 centimeters in the upper mountains to less than 25 centimeters in the lower reaches (Gonzalez 1999). Wooded areas consist primarily of mixed fir and pine forest in the higher elevations. Sagebrush and grass communities dominate the flora in the lower elevations. Efforts to document salmonid life histories, water quality, and habitat conditions have continued in fiscal year 2000. The Burns Paiute Tribe (BPT), United States Forest Service (USFS), and Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW), have been working cooperatively to achieve this common goal. Bull trout ''Salvenlinus confluentus'' have specific environmental requirements and complex life histories making them especially susceptible to human activities that alter their habitat (Howell and Buchanan 1992). Bull trout are considered to be a cold-water species and are temperature dependent. This presents a challenge for managers, biologists, and private landowners in the Malheur basin. Because of the listing of bull trout under the Endangered Species Act as threatened and the current health of the landscape, a workgroup was formed to develop project objectives related to bull trout. This report will reflect work completed during the Bonneville Power contract period starting 1 April 2000 and ending 31 March 2001. The study area will include the North Fork Malheur River and the Upper Malheur River from Warm Springs Reservoir upstream to the headwaters.

Gonzales, Dan; Schwabe, Lawrence; Wenick, Jess (Burns Paiute Tribe, Department of Fish and Wildlife, Burns, OR)

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

A REDSHIFT SURVEY OF HERSCHEL FAR-INFRARED SELECTED STARBURSTS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR OBSCURED STAR FORMATION  

SciTech Connect

We present Keck spectroscopic observations and redshifts for a sample of 767 Herschel-SPIRE selected galaxies (HSGs) at 250, 350, and 500 {mu}m, taken with the Keck I Low Resolution Imaging Spectrometer and the Keck II DEep Imaging Multi-Object Spectrograph. The redshift distribution of these SPIRE sources from the Herschel Multitiered Extragalactic Survey peaks at z = 0.85, with 731 sources at z < 2 and a tail of sources out to z {approx} 5. We measure more significant disagreement between photometric and spectroscopic redshifts (({Delta}z/(1 + z{sub spec})) = 0.29) than is seen in non-infrared selected samples, likely due to enhanced star formation rates and dust obscuration in infrared-selected galaxies. The infrared data are used to directly measure integrated infrared luminosities and dust temperatures independent of radio or 24 {mu}m flux densities. By probing the dust spectral energy distribution (SED) at its peak, we estimate that the vast majority (72%-83%) of z < 2 Herschel-selected galaxies would drop out of traditional submillimeter surveys at 0.85-1 mm. We find that dust temperature traces infrared luminosity, due in part to the SPIRE wavelength selection biases, and partially from physical effects. As a result, we measure no significant trend in SPIRE color with redshift; if dust temperature were independent of luminosity or redshift, a trend in SPIRE color would be expected. Composite infrared SEDs are constructed as a function of infrared luminosity, showing the increase in dust temperature with luminosity, and subtle change in near-infrared and mid-infrared spectral properties. Moderate evolution in the far-infrared (FIR)/radio correlation is measured for this partially radio-selected sample, with q{sub IR}{proportional_to}(1 + z){sup -0.30{+-}0.02} at z < 2. We estimate the luminosity function and implied star formation rate density contribution of HSGs at z < 1.6 and find overall agreement with work based on 24 {mu}m extrapolations of the LIRG, ULIRG, and total infrared contributions. This work significantly increased the number of spectroscopically confirmed infrared-luminous galaxies at z >> 0 and demonstrates the growing importance of dusty starbursts for galaxy evolution studies and the build-up of stellar mass throughout cosmic time.

Casey, C. M.; Budynkiewicz, J. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Berta, S.; Lutz, D.; Magnelli, B. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstrasse, 85748 Garching (Germany); Bethermin, M.; Le Floc'h, E.; Magdis, G. [Laboratoire AIM-Paris-Saclay, CEA/DSM/Irfu - CNRS - Universite Paris Diderot, CE-Saclay, pt courrier 131, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Bock, J.; Bridge, C. [California Institute of Technology, 1200 E. California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Burgarella, D. [Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille - LAM, Universite d'Aix-Marseille and CNRS, UMR7326, 38 rue F. Joliot-Curie, 13388 Marseille Cedex 13 (France); Chapin, E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, 6224 Agricultural Road, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1 (Canada); Chapman, S. C. [Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA (United Kingdom); Clements, D. L. [Astrophysics Group, Imperial College London, Blackett Laboratory, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Conley, A. [Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy 389-UCB, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Conselice, C. J. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nottingham, NG7 2RD (United Kingdom); Cooray, A. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 (United States); Farrah, D. [Department of Physics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061 (United States); Hatziminaoglou, E. [ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei Muenchen (Germany); Ivison, R. J. [UK Astronomy Technology Centre, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ (United Kingdom); and others

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

362

Final report on the project entitled "The Effects of Disturbance & Climate on Carbon Storage & the Exchanges of CO2 Water Vapor & Energy Exchange of Evergreen Coniferous Forests in the Pacific Northwest: Integration of Eddy Flux, Plant and Soil Measurements at a Cluster of Supersites"  

SciTech Connect

This is the final technical report containing a summary of all findings with regard to the following objectives of the project: (1) To quantify and understand the effects of wildfire on carbon storage and the exchanges of energy, CO2, and water vapor in a chronosequence of ponderosa pine (disturbance gradient); (2) To investigate the effects of seasonal and interannual variation in climate on carbon storage and the exchanges of energy, CO2, and water vapor in mature conifer forests in two climate zones: mesic 40-yr old Douglas-fir and semi-arid 60-yr old ponderosa pine (climate gradient); (3) To reduce uncertainty in estimates of CO2 feedbacks to the atmosphere by providing an improved model formulation for existing biosphere-atmosphere models; and (4) To provide high quality data for AmeriFlux and the NACP on micrometeorology, meteorology, and biology of these systems. Objective (1): A study integrating satellite remote sensing, AmeriFlux data, and field surveys in a simulation modeling framework estimated that the pyrogenic carbon emissions, tree mortality, and net carbon exchange associated with four large wildfires that burned ~50,000 hectares in 2002-2003 were equivalent to 2.4% of Oregon statewide anthropogenic carbon emissions over the same two-year period. Most emissions were from the combustion of the forest floor and understory vegetation, and only about 1% of live tree mass was combusted on average. Objective (2): A study of multi-year flux records across a chronosequence of ponderosa pine forests yielded that the net carbon uptake is over three times greater at a mature pine forest compared with young pine. The larger leaf area and wetter and cooler soils of the mature forest mainly caused this effect. A study analyzing seven years of carbon and water dynamics showed that interannual and seasonal variability of net carbon exchange was primarily related to variability in growing season length, which was a linear function of plant-available soil moisture in spring and early summer. A multi-year drought (2001-2003) led to a significant reduction of net ecosystem exchange due to carry-over effects in soil moisture and carbohydrate reserves in plant-tissue. In the same forest, the interannual variability in the rate carbon is lost from the soil and forest floor is considerable and related to the variability in tree growth as much as it is to variability in soil climatic conditions. Objective (3): Flux data from the mature ponderosa pine site support a physical basis for filtering nighttime data with friction velocity above the canopy. An analysis of wind fields and heat transport in the subcanopy at the mesic 40-year old Douglas site yielded that the non-linear structure and behavior of spatial temperature gradients and the flow field require enhanced sensor networks to estimate advective fluxes in the subcanopy of forest to close the surface energy balance in forests. Reliable estimates for flux uncertainties are needed to improve model validation and data assimilation in process-based carbon models, inverse modeling studies and model-data synthesis, where the uncertainties may be as important as the fluxes themselves. An analysis of the time scale dependence of the random and flux sampling error yielded that the additional flux obtained by increasing the perturbation timescale beyond about 10 minutes is dominated by random sampling error, and therefore little confidence can be placed in its value. Artificial correlation between gross ecosystem productivity (GEP) and ecosystem respiration (Re) is a consequence of flux partitioning of eddy covariance flux data when GEP is computed as the difference between NEE and computed daytime Re (e.g. using nighttime Re extrapolated into daytime using soil or air temperatures). Tower-data must be adequately spatially averaged before comparison to gridded model output as the time variability of both is inherently different. The eddy-covariance data collected at the mature ponderosa pine site and the mesic Douglas fir site were used to develop and evaluate a new method to extra

Beverly E. Law (PI), Christoph K. Thomas (CoI)

2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

363

Property:NrelPartner | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NrelPartner NrelPartner Jump to: navigation, search Property Name NrelPartner Property Type Boolean Description Existing or Previous Partnership with NREL. Yes or No.. Pages using the property "NrelPartner" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 1 1366 Technologies + true + 3 3M + true + A A.O. Smith + true + A123Systems + true + AAON + true + AQUA Products + true + AVL Powertrain Engineering + true + AWS Truewind + true + Abengoa Solar + true + Abound Solar + true + Advanced Energy Products + true + Affiliated International Management (AIM) + true + Affordable Comfort + true + Alcoa + true + Alliance to Save Energy + true + Alstom Energy Systems + true + Alta Devices + true + Ammonix + true + Ampulse + true + Apex Technology + true +

364

NGC 2207/IC 2163: A GRAZING ENCOUNTER WITH LARGE-SCALE SHOCKS  

SciTech Connect

Radio continuum, Spitzer infrared, optical, and XMM-Newton X-ray and ultraviolet observations (UVW1 and UVM2) are used to study large-scale shock fronts, young star complexes, and the galactic nuclei in the interacting galaxies NGC 2207/IC 2163. There are two types of large-scale shock fronts in this galaxy pair. The large-scale shock front along the rim of the ocular oval in IC 2163 has produced vigorous star formation in a dusty environment, bright in the Spitzer 8 {mu}m and 24 {mu}m images. In the outer part of the companion side of NGC 2207, a large-scale front attributed to halo scraping is particularly bright in the {lambda}6 cm and {lambda}20 cm radio continuum but not in any tracers of recent star formation (H{alpha}, 8 {mu}m, 24 {mu}m, or ultraviolet emission) or in X-rays. This radio-continuum front may be from compression of the halo magnetic field on the back side of NGC 2207, between the two galaxies. The X-ray emission sets an upper limit to the gas density in the halo. Values of the flux density ratio S{sub {nu}}(8 {mu}m)/S{sub {nu}}(6 cm) of prominent, kiloparsec-size, Spitzer/IRAC star-forming clumps in NGC 2207/IC 2163 are compared with those of giant radio H II regions in M81. For the bright clumps in NGC 2207, the mean value of this ratio is the same as for the M81 H II regions, whereas for the bright clumps on the rim of the IC 2163 ocular oval, the mean value is nearly a factor of two greater. Possible explanations for this are discussed. The galaxy pair has global values of the ratios of infrared-to-radio continuum flux density in the Spitzer 8 {mu}m, 24 {mu}m, and 70 {mu}m bands, and the IRAS FIR significantly below the medians/means for large samples of galaxies. Feature i, a mini-starburst on an outer arm of NGC 2207 on its anti-companion side, is the most luminous 8 {mu}m, 24 {mu}m, 70 {mu}m, radio continuum, and H{alpha} source in the galaxy pair. We find evidence that a radio supernova was present in the core of feature i in 2001. X-ray emission is detected from the nucleus of NGC 2207 and from nine discrete sources whose X-ray luminosities make them possible candidates for Ultraluminous X-ray sources. One of these corresponds with the Type Ib SN 1999ec, which is also bright in the ultraviolet, and another may be a radio supernova or a background quasar. The X-ray luminosity of the NGC 2207 nucleus is log L{sub 0.3-10.0keV} = 40.6 erg s{sup -1}, which, together with its X-ray spectrum, suggests that this is a highly absorbed, low-luminosity, active galactic nucleus.

Kaufman, Michele [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, 191 West Woodruff Ave, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Grupe, Dirk [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Lab, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Elmegreen, Bruce G. [IBM Research Division, T. J. Watson Research Center, P.O. Box 218, Yorktown Heights, NY 10598 (United States); Elmegreen, Debra M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vassar College, 124 Raymond Ave., Poughkeepsie, NY 12604 (United States); Struck, Curtis [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (United States); Brinks, Elias, E-mail: rallis.1@osu.edu, E-mail: dxg35@psu.edu, E-mail: bge@us.ibm.com, E-mail: elmegreen@vassar.edu, E-mail: curt@iastate.edu, E-mail: E.Brinks@herts.ac.uk [Centre for Astrophysics Research, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, Hatfield AL10 9AB (United Kingdom)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Predicting the impacts of climate change on animal distributions: the importance of local adaptation and species' traits  

SciTech Connect

The geographic range limits of many species are strongly affected by climate and are expected to change under global warming. For species that are able to track changing climate over broad geographic areas, we expect to see shifts in species distributions toward the poles and away from the equator. A number of ecological and evolutionary factors, however, could restrict this shifting or redistribution under climate change. These factors include restricted habitat availability, restricted capacity for or barriers to movement, or reduced abundance of colonists due the perturbation effect of climate change. This research project examined the last of these constraints - that climate change could perturb local conditions to which populations are adapted, reducing the likelihood that a species will shift its distribution by diminishing the number of potential colonists. In the most extreme cases, species ranges could collapse over a broad geographic area with no poleward migration and an increased risk of species extinction. Changes in individual species ranges are the processes that drive larger phenomena such as changes in land cover, ecosystem type, and even changes in carbon cycling. For example, consider the poleward range shift and population outbreaks of the mountain pine beetle that has decimated millions of acres of Douglas fir trees in the western US and Canada. Standing dead trees cause forest fires and release vast quantities of carbon to the atmosphere. The beetle likely shifted its range because it is not locally adapted across its range, and it appears to be limited by winter low temperatures that have steadily increased in the last decades. To understand range and abundance changes like the pine beetle, we must reveal the extent of adaptive variation across species ranges - and the physiological basis of that adaptation - to know if other species will change as readily as the pine beetle. Ecologists tend to assume that range shifts are the dominant response of species to climate change, but our experiments suggest that other processes may act in some species that reduce the likelihood of geographic range change. In the first part of our DOE grant (ending 2008) we argued that the process of local adaptation of populations within a species range, followed by climatic changes that occur too quickly for adaptive evolution, is an underappreciated mechanism by which climate change could affect biodiversity. When this process acts, species ranges may not shift readily toward the poles, slowing the rate of species and biome change. To test this claim, we performed an experiment comparing core and peripheral populations in a series of field observations, translocation experiments, and genetic analyses. The papers in Appendix A were generated from 2005-2008 funding. In the second part of the DOE grant (ending 2011) we studied which traits promote population differentiation and local adaptation by building genomic resources for our study species and using these resources to reveal differences in gene expression in peripheral and core populations. The papers in Appendix B were generated from 2008-2011 funding. This work was pursued with two butterfly species that have contrasting life history traits (body size and resource specialization) and occupy a common ecosystem and a latitudinal range. These species enabled us to test the following hypotheses using a single phylogenetic group.

HELLMANN, J. J.; LOBO, N. F.

2011-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

366

Property:GreenButtonCompliant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GreenButtonCompliant GreenButtonCompliant Jump to: navigation, search Property Name GreenButtonCompliant Property Type Boolean Description Indicates if company is green button compliant. Pages using the property "GreenButtonCompliant" Showing 24 pages using this property. A AEP Texas Central Company + true + AEP Texas North Company + true + B Bangor Hydro-Electric Co + true + C CenterPoint Energy + true + Connecticut Light & Power Co + true + J JEA + true + N NSTAR Electric Company + true + O Oncor Electric Delivery Company LLC + true + P PacifiCorp + true + PacifiCorp (Idaho) + true + PacifiCorp (Oregon) + true + PacifiCorp (Utah) + true + PacifiCorp (Washington) + true + PacifiCorp (Wyoming) + true + Pacific Gas & Electric Co + true + Portland General Electric Co + true +

367

2/12/13 Big Red & Shiny: Rose Art Museum Keeps Rebounding with Three New Exhibitions www.bigredandshiny.com/cgi-bin/BRS.cgi?section=article&issue=BLOG&article=2013-01-12-062535928063830229&printView=true 1/2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2/12/13 Big Red & Shiny: Rose Art Museum Keeps Rebounding with Three New Exhibitions www throughout the space. #12;2/12/13 Big Red & Shiny: Rose Art Museum Keeps Rebounding with Three New Gallery Finder Site Map All content © 2013 by BIG RED AND SHINY, Inc unless otherwise noted. All rights

Snider, Barry B.

368

Should I Work Today? | Flu Information | DHMC Intranet http://intranet.hitchcock.org/hc/webpage.cfm?site_id=1&org_id=393&morg_id=0&gsec_id=36557&item_id=36570&printable=true[5/13/2013 2:25:34 PM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lesions, rashes, and eye conditions may not apply to flu-like illness. COUGH If you have a cough and fever (>100 F or 38 C within the last 24 hours) NO If you have a new (cough, but no fever (, or aspirin) YES, but wear a mask that covers nose and mouth. If you have a prolonged cough of unknown cause

Myers, Lawrence C.

369

4/25/13 Big Red & Shiny: Mark Bradford in Conversation at the Rose Art Museum www.bigredandshiny.com/cgi-bin/BRS.cgi?section=article&issue=BLOG&article=2013-02-21-112055791006492837&printView=true 1/2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the raw materials he uses in his abstract work, but also in his ongoing series of "merchant posters toward the abstract in his paintings. Asked about his work with teens as part of a year-long audience anymore, but the large, lightly-gridded, swirling abstract painting made of multicolored paper bits

Snider, Barry B.

370

Property:IsDOELab | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IsDOELab IsDOELab Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Pages using the property "IsDOELab" Showing 9 pages using this property. A Argonne National Laboratory + true + B Brookhaven National Laboratory + true + L Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) + true + Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory + true + N National Energy Technology Laboratory + true + National Renewable Energy Laboratory + true + O Oak Ridge National Laboratory + true + P Pacific Northwest National Laboratory + true + S Sandia National Laboratories + true + Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:IsDOELab&oldid=271926#SMWResults" What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties

371

Property:EIA/861/NercWecc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NercWecc NercWecc Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Nerc Wecc Entity conducts business operations within the WECC region (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/NercWecc" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 3 3 Phases Energy Services + true + A Aguila Irrigation District + true + Ajo Improvement Co + true + Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority + true + Alamo Power District No 3 + true + Alder Mutual Light Co, Inc + true + Arizona Electric Pwr Coop Inc + true + Arizona Power Authority + true + Arizona Public Service Co + true + Arkansas River Power Authority + true + Avista Corp + true + Avista Turbine Power, Inc + true +

372

Property:EIA/861/IsoErcot | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IsoErcot IsoErcot Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ISO_ERCOT Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in the ERCOT ISO region [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/IsoErcot" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AEP Texas Central Company + true + AEP Texas North Company + true + AP Holdings LLC + true + APNA Energy + true + Alliance Power Co LLC + true + AmeriPower LLC + true + B Bandera Electric Coop, Inc + true + Bluebonnet Electric Coop, Inc + true + Bounce Energy, Inc. + true + Brazos Electric Power Coop Inc + true + Brazos River Authority + true + Brownsville Public Utilities Board + true +

373

Property:UtilityLocation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UtilityLocation UtilityLocation Jump to: navigation, search Property Name UtilityLocation Property Type Boolean Description Indicates this is the "mailing" location of the Utility. Usually is Yes if the information from EIA Form 861 File1_a is on the page. Pages using the property "UtilityLocation" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 3 3 Phases Energy Services + true + 4 4-County Electric Power Assn + true + A A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) + true + AEP Generating Company + true + AEP Texas Central Company + true + AEP Texas North Company + true + AES Eastern Energy LP + true + AGC Division of APG Inc + true + AP Holdings LLC + true + APN Starfirst, L.P. + true + APNA Energy + true + Accent Energy Holdings, LLC + true +

374

Property:EIA/861/AltFuelVehicle2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AltFuelVehicle2 AltFuelVehicle2 Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Entity plans to operate alternative-fueled vehicles next year (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/AltFuelVehicle2" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AEP Generating Company + true + AEP Texas Central Company + true + AEP Texas North Company + true + Access Energy Coop + true + Adams Electric Cooperative Inc + true + Agralite Electric Coop + true + Alabama Power Co + true + Ameren Illinois Company + true + Appalachian Power Co + true + Arizona Public Service Co + true + Atchison-Holt Electric Coop + true + Atlantic City Electric Co + true +

375

Property:EIA/861/AltFuelVehicle | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AltFuelVehicle AltFuelVehicle Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Alt Fuel Vehicle Entity operated alternative-fueled vehicles during the year (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/AltFuelVehicle" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AEP Generating Company + true + AEP Texas Central Company + true + AEP Texas North Company + true + Access Energy Coop + true + Adams Electric Cooperative Inc + true + Agralite Electric Coop + true + Alabama Power Co + true + Ameren Illinois Company + true + Appalachian Power Co + true + Arizona Public Service Co + true + Atchison-Holt Electric Coop + true + Atlantic City Electric Co + true +

376

Property:EIA/861/NercErcot | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NercErcot NercErcot Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Nerc Ercot Entity conducts business operations within the TRE region (TRE=Texas Regional Entity (formerly ERCOT) (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/NercErcot" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AEP Texas Central Company + true + AEP Texas North Company + true + Alliance Power Co LLC + true + Ambit Energy, L.P. + true + AmeriPower LLC + true + Amigo Energy + true + Austin Energy + true + B BP Energy Company + true + Bandera Electric Coop, Inc + true + Bartlett Electric Coop, Inc + true + Big Country Electric Coop, Inc + true + Bluebonnet Electric Coop, Inc + true +

377

E-Print Network 3.0 - activity choices Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

... Validation choice Applic. Index Application... units ... Validation choice Applic. Index Application Activity"B" W a) b) If true If true false false pages... End...

378

Property:EIA/861/ActivityDistribution | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ActivityDistribution ActivityDistribution Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Activity Distribution Entity engages in power distribution activity (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/ActivityDistribution" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4-County Electric Power Assn + true + A A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) + true + AEP Texas Central Company + true + AEP Texas North Company + true + AGC Division of APG Inc + true + Access Energy Coop + true + Adams Electric Coop + true + Adams Electric Cooperative Inc + true + Adams Rural Electric Coop, Inc + true + Adams-Columbia Electric Coop + true + Adrian Public Utilities Comm + true +

379

Property:EIA/861/ActivityGeneration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ActivityGeneration ActivityGeneration Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Activity Generation Entity engages in power generation activity (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/ActivityGeneration" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) + true + AEP Generating Company + true + AEP Texas North Company + true + AES Eastern Energy LP + true + AGC Division of APG Inc + true + Akiachak Native Community Electric Co + true + Alabama Municipal Elec Authority + true + Alabama Power Co + true + Alaska Electric & Energy Coop + true + Alaska Electric Light&Power Co + true + Alaska Energy Authority + true +

380

Property:EIA/861/NercSerc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NercSerc NercSerc Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Nerc Serc Entity conducts business operations within the SERC region (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/NercSerc" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4-County Electric Power Assn + true + A Access Energy Coop + true + Adams Electric Coop + true + Aiken Electric Coop Inc + true + Alabama Municipal Elec Authority + true + Alabama Power Co + true + Albany Water Gas & Light Comm + true + Albemarle Electric Member Corp + true + Albertville Municipal Utils Bd + true + Alcorn County Elec Power Assn + true + Altamaha Electric Member Corp + true +

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Property:EIA/861/NercNpcc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NercNpcc NercNpcc Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Nerc Npcc Entity conducts business operations within the NPCC region (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/NercNpcc" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AES Eastern Energy LP + true + B Bangor Hydro-Electric Co + true + Barton Village, Inc (Utility Company) + true + Bath Electric Gas & Water Sys + true + Block Island Power Co + true + Bluerock Energy, Inc. + true + Bozrah Light & Power Company + true + C Central Hudson Gas & Elec Corp + true + Central Maine Power Co + true + Central Vermont Pub Serv Corp + true + City of Burlington-Electric, Vermont (Utility Company) + true +

382

Property:EIA/861/NercRfc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NercRfc NercRfc Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Nerc Rfc Entity conducts business operations within the RFC region (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/NercRfc" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) + true + AEP Generating Company + true + AGC Division of APG Inc + true + Adams Electric Cooperative Inc + true + Adams Rural Electric Coop, Inc + true + Allegheny Electric Coop Inc + true + Allegheny Energy Supply Co LLC + true + Alpena Power Co + true + Ameren Energy Marketing + true + American Mun Power-Ohio, Inc + true + American Transmission Systems Inc + true +

383

Property:EIA/861/ActivityWholesaleMarketing | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ActivityWholesaleMarketing ActivityWholesaleMarketing Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Activity Wholesale Marketing Entity engages in wholesale power marketing (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/ActivityWholesaleMarketing" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AEP Generating Company + true + AES Eastern Energy LP + true + AGC Division of APG Inc + true + Alabama Power Co + true + Alaska Power and Telephone Co + true + Allegheny Energy Supply Co LLC + true + Ameren Energy Marketing + true + American Mun Power-Ohio, Inc + true + Arizona Electric Pwr Coop Inc + true + Arizona Public Service Co + true + Arkansas Electric Coop Corp + true +

384

Property:EIA/861/ActivityBuyingTransmission | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ActivityBuyingTransmission ActivityBuyingTransmission Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Activity Buying Transmission Entity buys transmission service (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/ActivityBuyingTransmission" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AEP Texas Central Company + true + AEP Texas North Company + true + AGC Division of APG Inc + true + Adams-Columbia Electric Coop + true + Aguila Irrigation District + true + Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority + true + Alabama Municipal Elec Authority + true + Alabama Power Co + true + Alder Mutual Light Co, Inc + true + Allegheny Electric Coop Inc + true + Ameren Illinois Company + true +

385

Property:EIA/861/IsoMiso | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IsoMiso IsoMiso Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ISO_MISO Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in the Midwest ISO region [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/IsoMiso" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Adams Electric Coop + true + Adams-Columbia Electric Coop + true + Alger-Delta Coop Electric Assn + true + Algoma Utility Comm + true + Amana Society Service Co + true + Ameren Illinois Company + true + American Mun Power-Ohio, Inc + true + American Transmission Systems Inc + true + Arrowhead Electric Coop, Inc + true + Atlantic Municipal Utilities + true + B Barron Electric Coop + true +

386

Property:EIA/861/ActivityBundledServices | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ActivityBundledServices ActivityBundledServices Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Activity Bundled Services Entity provides bundled services (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/ActivityBundledServices" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Ajo Improvement Co + true + Alabama Power Co + true + Amana Society Service Co + true + American Samoa Power Authority + true + Atlantic City Electric Co + true + Auburn Board of Public Works + true + Avista Corp + true + B Bamberg Board of Public Works + true + Barrow Utils & Elec Coop, Inc + true + Basin Electric Power Coop + true + Borough of Wampum, Pennsylvania (Utility Company) + true +

387

Property:EIA/861/NercMro | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NercMro NercMro Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Nerc Mro Entity conducts business operations within the MRO region (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/NercMro" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Adams-Columbia Electric Coop + true + Adrian Public Utilities Comm + true + Agralite Electric Coop + true + Aitkin Public Utilities Comm + true + Alger-Delta Coop Electric Assn + true + Algoma Utility Comm + true + Allamakee-Clayton El Coop, Inc + true + Amana Society Service Co + true + Arrowhead Electric Coop, Inc + true + Atlantic Municipal Utilities + true + B Bancroft Municipal Utilities + true +

388

Property:EIA/861/NercSpp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NercSpp NercSpp Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Nerc Spp Entity conducts business operations within the SPP region (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/NercSpp" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Alfalfa Electric Coop, Inc + true + Anadarko Public Works Auth + true + Arkansas Electric Coop Corp + true + Ashley Chicot Elec Coop, Inc + true + Auburn Board of Public Works + true + B Bailey County Elec Coop Assn + true + Basin Electric Power Coop + true + Big Country Electric Coop, Inc + true + Bluestem Electric Coop Inc + true + Bowie-Cass Electric Coop, Inc + true + Brown-Atchison E C A Inc + true +

389

MEETING REPORTS 2 Vol. 24, No. 1, 2011, SYNCHROTRON RADIATION NEWS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

success in project man- agement: heartening, early, and under budget. A true highlight." Michael Lubell

Martin, Michael C.

390

Property:EIA/861/ActivityTransmission | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EIA/861/ActivityTransmission EIA/861/ActivityTransmission Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Activity Transmission Entity engages in power transmission activity (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/ActivityTransmission" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) + true + AEP Texas Central Company + true + AEP Texas North Company + true + Alabama Power Co + true + Alaska Electric & Energy Coop + true + Alaska Electric Light&Power Co + true + Alaska Energy Authority + true + Alaska Power and Telephone Co + true + Allegheny Electric Coop Inc + true + Ameren Illinois Company + true +

391

Property:EIA/861/RtoPjm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RtoPjm RtoPjm Jump to: navigation, search Property Name RTO_PJM Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in the PJM RTO [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/RtoPjm" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) + true + Adams Electric Cooperative Inc + true + Adams Rural Electric Coop, Inc + true + Allegheny Electric Coop Inc + true + Allegheny Energy Supply Co LLC + true + American Mun Power-Ohio, Inc + true + Appalachian Power Co + true + Atlantic City Electric Co + true + B Bedford Rural Elec Coop, Inc + true + Borough of Butler, New Jersey (Utility Company) + true +

392

Property:GreenButtonPlannedCompliant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:GreenButtonPlannedCompliant Jump to: navigation, search Property Name GreenButtonPlannedCompliant Property Type Boolean Description Indicates if company is officially planning to be green button compliant. Pages using the property "GreenButtonPlannedCompliant" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AEP Generating Company + true + Ameren Illinois Company (Illinois) + true + Appalachian Power Co + true + Atlantic City Electric Co + true + Austin Energy + true + B Baltimore Gas & Electric Co + true + Barton Village, Inc (Utility Company) + true + C Central Maine Power Co + true + Central Vermont Pub Serv Corp + true + City of Chattanooga, Georgia (Utility Company) + true +

393

Property:EIA/861/IsoNe | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IsoNe IsoNe Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ISO_NE Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in the New England ISO region [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/IsoNe" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) B Bangor Hydro-Electric Co + true + Barton Village, Inc (Utility Company) + true + Bozrah Light & Power Company + true + C Central Maine Power Co + true + Central Vermont Pub Serv Corp + true + CinCap IV, LLC + true + CinCap V LLC + true + Cinergy Capital & Trading, Inc + true + City of Chicopee, Massachusetts (Utility Company) + true + City of Holyoke, Massachusetts (Utility Company) + true +

394

Property:EIA/861/OperatesGeneratingPlant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OperatesGeneratingPlant OperatesGeneratingPlant Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Operates Generating Plant Entity operates power generating plants (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/OperatesGeneratingPlant" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) + true + AEP Generating Company + true + AES Eastern Energy LP + true + AGC Division of APG Inc + true + Akiachak Native Community Electric Co + true + Alabama Municipal Elec Authority + true + Alabama Power Co + true + Alaska Electric & Energy Coop + true + Alaska Electric Light&Power Co + true + Alaska Energy Authority + true +

395

Property:EIA/861/IsoOther | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IsoOther IsoOther Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ISO_OTHER Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in another ISO region other than choices listed. [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/IsoOther" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Access Energy Coop + true + Aiken Electric Coop Inc + true + Akiachak Native Community Electric Co + true + Atchison-Holt Electric Coop + true + B Big Horn County Elec Coop, Inc + true + Brigham City Corporation (Utility Company) + true + Broad River Electric Coop, Inc + true + C Canby Utility Board + true + City of Bandon, Oregon (Utility Company) + true +

396

Property:EIA/861/RtoSpp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RtoSpp RtoSpp Jump to: navigation, search Property Name RTO_SPP Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in the SPP RTO. [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/RtoSpp" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Alfalfa Electric Coop, Inc + true + B Basin Electric Power Coop + true + C C & L Electric Coop Corp + true + Central Nebraska Pub P&I Dist + true + City Utilities of Springfield + true + City Water and Light Plant + true + City of Alexandria, Louisiana (Utility Company) + true + City of Altus, Oklahoma (Utility Company) + true + City of Arma, Kansas (Utility Company) + true +

397

Property:EIA/861/IsoNy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IsoNy IsoNy Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ISO_NY Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in the NY ISO region [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/IsoNy" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AES Eastern Energy LP + true + AP Holdings LLC + true + Agway Energy Services, LLC + true + B Bath Electric Gas & Water Sys + true + Bluerock Energy, Inc. + true + C Central Hudson Gas & Elec Corp + true + City of Salamanca, New York (Utility Company) + true + City of Sherrill, New York (Utility Company) + true + City of Watertown, New York (Utility Company) + true +

398

Property:EIA/861/ActivityRetailMarketing | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ActivityRetailMarketing ActivityRetailMarketing Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Activity Retail Marketing Entity engages in retail power marketing (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: D Duquesne Light Co Pages using the property "EIA/861/ActivityRetailMarketing" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 3 3 Phases Energy Services + true + A AP Holdings LLC + true + APN Starfirst, L.P. + true + APNA Energy + true + Accent Energy Holdings, LLC + true + Agway Energy Services, LLC + true + Alabama Power Co + true + Alaska Power and Telephone Co + true + Allegheny Energy Supply Co LLC + true +

399

Property:EIA/861/ActivityBuyingDistribution | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ActivityBuyingDistribution ActivityBuyingDistribution Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Activity Buying Distribution Entity buys distribution service (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/ActivityBuyingDistribution" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Adams-Columbia Electric Coop + true + Aguila Irrigation District + true + Appalachian Power Co + true + B Buckeye Water C&D District + true + C Calpine Power America LLC + true + Cargill Power Markets LLC + true + Carrollton Board of Public Wks + true + City & County of San Francisco (Utility Company) + true + City of Aspen, Colorado (Utility Company) + true +

400

Gulf War Illness: The Battle Continues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...true for PB, depleted uranium, and anthrax...smoking and lung cancer, says Walter...had contained depleted uranium as ballast...true for PB, depleted uranium, and anthrax...smoking and lung cancer, says Walter...

Martin Enserink

2001-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

HEART SMART NUTRITION Prepare Food Right--Ensure It's Light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lesson 4 HEART SMART NUTRITION Prepare Food Right--Ensure It's Light To prepare foods lower in fat Heart Smart? True or False ______ 1. A cholesterol- free product is also fat-free. True or False

402

Serious leisure, participation and experience in tourism: authenticity and ritual in a renaissance festival  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the serious festival participation were reminiscent of tourism existential authenticity specified by Wang (1999) as two levels: intrapersonal authenticity (gaining one?s true self) and interpersonal authenticity (gaining true human relationship). A search...

Kim, Hyounggon

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

403

Temporal biodiversity change in transformed landscapes: a southern African perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...experienced substantial biodiversity change. This is true of both marine and terrestrial...Vulnerability of marine biodiversity to ocean acidification...experienced substantial biodiversity change. This is true of both marine and terrestrial...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Using Jacobi Plane Rotations in R  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lll)) jSimDiageps=1e-10,itmax=100,vectors=TRUE,n") if (((fold-fnew) eps) || (itel == itmax)) break() itelk=kk)) jSimSVDeps=1e-6,itmax=1000,vectors=TRUE,

de Leeuw, Jan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Analyzing the Effects of Temporal Wind Patterns on the Value of Wind-Generated Electricity at Different Sites in California and the Northwest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Load Data ..20 2.7.1 Northwest Powerthe TrueWind wind power data and electricity load and pricepower markets and loads. In some cases, the TrueWind and anemometer data

Fripp, Matthias; Wiser, Ryan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Truth promoting non-evidential reasons for belief  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sometimes a belief that p promotes having true beliefs, whether or not p is true. This gives reasons to believe that p, but most epistemologists would deny that it gives epistemic reasons, or that these reasons c...

Brian Talbot

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Truth in Emotional Memories  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the ways that true and false memories could be different from one another is in their consequentiality. That is, because true memories represent events that actually happened to people, it is plausible tha...

Cara Laney; Elizabeth F. Loftus

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Property:EIA/861/NercFrcc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NercFrcc NercFrcc Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Nerc Frcc Entity conducts business operations within the FRCC region (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/NercFrcc" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) B Beaches Energy Services + true + Borough of Lavallette, New Jersey (Utility Company) + true + C Central Florida Elec Coop, Inc + true + City of Bartow, Florida (Utility Company) + true + City of Bushnell, Florida (Utility Company) + true + City of Chattahoochee, Florida (Utility Company) + true + City of Clewiston, Florida (Utility Company) + true + City of Eudora, Kansas (Utility Company) + true +

409

Property:EIA/861/IsoCa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IsoCa IsoCa Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ISO_CA Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in the CA ISO region [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/IsoCa" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 3 3 Phases Energy Services + true + C City & County of San Francisco (Utility Company) + true + City of Alameda, California (Utility Company) + true + City of Anaheim, California (Utility Company) + true + City of Azusa, California (Utility Company) + true + City of Banning, California (Utility Company) + true + City of Biggs, California (Utility Company) + true + City of Colton, California (Utility Company) + true +

410

2014. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. Eos, Vol. 95, No. 1, 7 January 2014  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. --JASPER A. VRUGT, University of California, Irvine Response It is a true honor to be named the 2013 Robert

Vrugt, Jasper A.

411

The Logic EL In order formally to verify that a causal explanation is indeed correct and relatively  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

will eventually become true) 2[A] f future validity of A including stuttering steps ,! temporal succession O

Ladkin, Peter B.

412

A tutorial on call-by-push-value Paul Blain Levy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

judgement M : A Terms M ::= x | let M be x. M | true | false | case M of {true. M, false. M} | inl M | inr M | case M of {inl x. M, inr x. M} | x.M | MM Paul Blain Levy (University of Birmingham) Call-by-name evaluation of a closed term In CBN the terminals are true, false, inl M, inr M, x.M To evaluate true: return

Levy, Paul Blain

413

SECRETARY'S OFFICE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

SECRETARY'S OFFICE ... This is especially true with respect to reference hooks and magazines in the field of science. ...

1958-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

414

CONGRESSMAN SHERWOOD BOEHLERT (R-NY) OPENING STATEMENT FOR ENERGY MARK-UP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-deep drilling program and landmark compromise on the Clean Coal Program to ensure that it actually leads to true

415

Seismic velocity estimation from time migration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seismic images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Algorithms producing the seismic velocities from thethe Dix velocities and the true seismic velocities in 2D . .

Cameron, Maria Kourkina

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Discovery of (New) Knowledge and the Analysis of Text Corpora Khurshid Ahmad  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and solid state physics. It is true to say that without Fermi's insight, the development of self-sustained

Gillam, Lee

417

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

it is clear that the region has recognized and embraced the need for hatchery reform it is also true

418

Implementing Pro-Work Policies for Older Americans in the Twenty-First Century  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. As a result, those who stay with the firm suffer a surreptitious pay cut, since their true compensation equals

Huang, Jianyu

419

For switchgrass cultivated as biofuel in California, invasiveness limited by several steps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the opposite is true for bio- fuel crops because selection (five mitigation points along the bio- fuel supply chain, or

DiTomaso, Joseph M; Barney, Jacob N; Mann, J Jeremiah; Kyser, Guy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

E-Print Network 3.0 - aeropropulsion compact lightweight Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

has developed a true 3- component technique, no calibration, compact instrumentation... Hydro--propulsion Aeropropulsion Aero--propulsionpropulsion Micro jet...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Final Detailed Measurement Program Plan Detailed Measurement Program Plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by TrueWind Solutions, LLC Albany, New York for California Energy Commission Sacramento, California was developed by TrueWind Solutions, hereon referred to as TrueWind, to guide Task 4 of the Wind Energy Resource Modeling and Measurement Project, contact number 500-03-006, with the California Energy Commission

422

Classification Combinatorial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, . . . , xn You can get anything you want Remark Truth With probability 1, these axioms are true; Consequences, . . . , xn You can get anything you want Remark Truth With probability 1, these axioms are true; Consequences anything you want Remark Truth With probability 1, these axioms are true; #12;Classification of Homoge

St Andrews, University of

423

Property:Incentive/Active | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Active Active Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Active Incentive flag. Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: I Filter:Incentive Active or Inactive Pages using the property "Incentive/Active" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2003 Climate Change Fuel Cell Buy-Down Program (Federal) + false + 3 30% Business Tax Credit for Solar (Vermont) + false + 4 401 Certification (Vermont) + true + A AEP (Central and North) - CitySmart Program (Texas) + true + AEP (Central and North) - Residential Energy Efficiency Programs (Texas) + true + AEP (Central and SWEPCO) - Coolsaver A/C Tune Up (Texas) + true + AEP (Central, North and SWEPCO) - Commercial Solutions Program (Texas) + true + AEP (SWEPCO) - Residential Energy Efficiency Programs (Texas) + true +

424

DIS08 Jol Feltesse 1 Combination of H1 and ZEUS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fitted H1-ZEUS combined H1-value 2 exp Mi,true , j ) = i Mi,true - Mi + j Mi j j ) 2 2 i + j j 2 j Mi i j Mi j Mi,true Mi j j #12;DIS08 Joël Feltesse 11 definition (cont'd) Caution : Most errors are provided smaller averages ! (checked with a toy model) Can be avoided by modifying chi2 definition 2 2 exp Mi

425

Toward an epistemological account of understanding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sartwell on Knowledge Foley on Knowledge An Intemalist Response An Extemalist Response Conclusion Notes 33 40 46 49 53 55 IV. THE VALUE OF KNOWING AND OF UNDERSTANDING 58 The Value of Justified True Beliefs The Value of Reliably-Produced True... an alternative approach to knowledge that avoids problems faced by foundationalists and coherentists. The approach he sketches treats justification of beliefs as derivative from the reliability of faculties for producing true beliefs. In the years since Sosa...

Pace, Gary Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

426

Solar Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Power Solar Power (Redirected from Solar energy) Jump to: navigation, search Solar Energy Companies Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"SATELLITE","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":1000,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"99%","height":"300px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":true,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

427

Map of Biomass Facilities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facilities Facilities Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":2500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"100%","height":"550px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":true,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"File:Default-marker.png","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

428

Solar Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Power Solar Power Jump to: navigation, search Solar Energy Companies Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"SATELLITE","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":1000,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"99%","height":"300px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":true,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

429

Map of Geothermal Facilities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facilities Facilities Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":2500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"100%","height":"550px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":true,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"File:Geothermal_marker.png","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

430

Assessing RN-to-RN peer review on clinical units.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

good patient safety, we used Culture of Safety data, a web-each unit to a true culture of safety. Nurses are expected

Pfeiffer, Judith A; Wickline, Mary A; Deetz, Jill; Berry, Elise S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

LAUERMAN, L. M. L., J. M. SMOAK, T. J. SHAW, W. S. MOORE, AND ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

of mean time for the assessment of secondary production by true cohort analysis. J. Plankton Res. 17: 2175-2190. UYE, S-I. 1988. Temperature-dependent...

432

ARM XDC Datastreams  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

begins, the vertical velocity correction should not be applied because the wind profiler would then be measuring the fall speed of the hydrometeors and not the true...

433

The Engineer as Planner  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... one may plan for oppression and war. The true opposition is not between planning and liberty, but between arbitrary interference and ... , but between arbitrary interference and liberty. ...

1935-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

434

Associations between laryngeal and cough dysfunction in motor neuron disease with bulbar involvement.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??PURPOSE: Cough, a fundamental mechanism in airway protection, depends on true vocal fold (TVF) function and airflow. In individuals with motor neuron disease (MND), cough (more)

Britton, Deanna J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Memorandum of American High-Performance Buildings Coalition DOE...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

organizations committed to promoting performance-based energy efficiency and sustainable building standards developed through true, consensus-bases processes, and the U.S....

436

An analysis of the current costs and future prospects of solar photovoltaic electricity.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The solar photovoltaic industry has many barriers to overcome before it can become a technically and economically competitive generation source including (1) lowering true generation (more)

Wong, Alexander Tung-Qiang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

A performance analysis of personal computers in a video conferencing environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

New intelligent adapters, advanced bus architectures, and powerful microprocessors have resulted in a new generation of personal computers with true multimedia capabilities. Collaborative applications are ... mul...

Khoa D. Huynh; Taghi M. Khoshgoftaar

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Quantifying the benefits of hybrid vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is not trueremember the diesel electric locomotive. One bigrunning on gasoline or diesel with electric motors that usediesel vehicles, as well as encouraging improvements in electric

Turrentine, Tom; Delucchi, Mark; Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Sun, Yongling

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

The correlationship between the metabolizable energy content, chemical composition and color score in different sources of corn DDGS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study was conducted to evaluate the apparent metabolizable energy (AME) and true metabolizable energy (TME) contents in 30 sources of corn distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS)...

Yong-Z Jie; Jian-Y Zhang; Li-H Zhao

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

PowerPoint Presentation  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

area of contamination, known pollutants, etc. * EFPC today supports large population of fish and aquatic life. This was not true 20 years ago. Lower EFPC Approaching Reference...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

The enforceability of indemnity clauses for oil pollution liability in offshore petroleum contracts.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??One of the main functions of a commercial contract has always been to allocate risk. This is true of contracts used in almost any industry (more)

Smith, David Alexander Vik

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

DtaRefinery: a software tool for elimination of systematic errors...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

have allowed for sig-nificantly better discrimination between true and false MSMS pep-tide identifications by applying relatively narrow windows for maxi-mum allowable...

443

Data:6388958b-5334-435f-8c13-f3039b59bdb2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carolina (Utility Company) Effective date: 20130925 End date if known: Rate name: BPM True-Up Rider Sector: Description: Service supplied under the Company's rate schedules...

444

Debunking Six Big Myths about Nuclear Weapons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Debunking Six Big Myths about Nuclear Weapons National Security Science Latest Issue:December 2014 All Issues submit Debunking Six Big Myths about Nuclear Weapons Is it true...

445

Steam Systems | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Reduction: Opportunities and Issues How to Calculate the True Cost of Steam Industrial Heat Pumps for Steam and Fuel Savings Industrial Steam System Heat-Transfer Solutions...

446

E-Print Network 3.0 - access ma array Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of numbers is 30 4. Indicate true ... Source: Liang, Y. Daniel - School of Computing, Armstrong Atlantic State University Collection: Computer Technologies and Information...

447

Roosevelt Warm Springs Institute for Rehab. Pool & Spa Low Temperature...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

poi":true,"imageoverlays":,"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations": The following error has been detected in your syntax: * Display map Temperature No Data Listed...

448

Lost Trail Hot Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

poi":true,"imageoverlays":,"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations": The following error has been detected in your syntax: * Display map Temperature No Data Listed...

449

J Bar L Guest Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

poi":true,"imageoverlays":,"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations": The following error has been detected in your syntax: * Display map Temperature No Data Listed...

450

Ringboldt Rapids Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

poi":true,"imageoverlays":,"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations": The following error has been detected in your syntax: * Display map Temperature No Data Listed...

451

SWTDI Geothermal Aquaculture Facility Aquaculture Low Temperature...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

poi":true,"imageoverlays":,"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations": The following error has been detected in your syntax: * Display map Temperature 57.0 C 135.0...

452

Blue Mountain Hot Spring Guest Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

poi":true,"imageoverlays":,"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations": The following error has been detected in your syntax: * Display map Temperature No Data Listed...

453

Glenwood Springs Vapor Caves Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

poi":true,"imageoverlays":,"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations": The following error has been detected in your syntax: * Display map Temperature No Data Listed...

454

Roman Spa Hot Springs Resort Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

poi":true,"imageoverlays":,"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations": The following error has been detected in your syntax: * Display map Temperature No Data Listed...

455

Dr. Wilkinson's Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

poi":true,"imageoverlays":,"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations": The following error has been detected in your syntax: * Display map Temperature No Data Listed...

456

Jackpot Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

poi":true,"imageoverlays":,"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations": The following error has been detected in your syntax: * Display map Temperature 36.0 C 97.0...

457

Security Walls, LLC, January 14-18, 2013  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assistance Washington, DC 20585 Security Walls, LLC DOE-VPP Onsite Review January 2013 Foreword The Department of Energy (DOE) recognizes that true excellence can be...

458

Voluntary Protection Program Onsite Review, Bechtel National...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

IncorporatedWaste Treatment and Immobilization Plant DOE-VPP Onsite Review November 2013 Foreword The Department of Energy (DOE) recognizes that true excellence can be...

459

Voluntary Protection Program Onsite Review, Los Alamos National...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Washington, DC 20585 Los Alamos National Security, LLC DOE-VPP Onsite Review June 2013 Foreword The Department of Energy (DOE) recognizes that true excellence can be...

460

Final Meeting Summary Page 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the short-term, it is true that some contaminants could be removed faster. However, strontium-90 will remain regardless of cleanup efforts and expenditures. Therefore, timeframe...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

E-Print Network 3.0 - abiotic organic synthesis Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

true of the scientific ... Source: Prestwich, Ken - Biology Department, College of the Holy Cross Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology ; Biology and Medicine 18...

462

Electron Microscopy and Analytical X-ray Characterization of Compositional and Nanoscale Structural Changes in Fossil Bone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the identification of surviving collagen in bulk bonebulk regions of bone. This fact might prove exceptionally true if the identification

Boatman, Elizabeth

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

E-Print Network 3.0 - atmospheric material particles Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MECHANICAL AND AEROSPACE ENGINEERING COLLOQUIUM SERIES Atmospheric Aerosols: Linking Air Pollution... Earth's atmosphere with sulfur to cool down the earth? Is this true that...

464

Maximizing Gross Margin of a Pumped Storage Hydroelectric Facility Under Uncertainty in Price and Water Inflow.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The operation of a pumped storage hydroelectric facility is subject to uncertainty. This is especially true in todays energy markets. Published models to achieve optimal (more)

Ikudo, Akina

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

E-Print Network 3.0 - aclasia tarsoepifisaria displasia Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a Diagnostic Cytological Application Summary: displasia, true displasia, cancer). The dataset that was used in this paper is publicly available... : ulcer, gastritis, inflammatory...

466

Hierarchical Assembly of Inorganic Nanostructure Building Blocks...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanostructure Building Blocks to Octahedral Superstructures A True Template-Free Self Hierarchical Assembly of Inorganic Nanostructure Building Blocks to Octahedral...

467

Differences in the optical and biological reactivity of the humic and ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

respectively, and the dose of UVB radiation received (Fig. 2). As was true for the ..... Adriatic Sea, this estimation is based on data obtained during. August 1995).

1910-00-71T23:59:59.000Z

468

Carbon Sequestration, Soil Conservation, and the Kyoto Protocol: Summary of Implications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper discusses relationships between soil conservation, carbon sequestration, and the Kyoto Protocol. The Kyoto ... particularly true for soil conservation, where the sequestration of carbon above and below...

Julian Dumanski

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Project Management Practices  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Statements, and Kohler's Dictionary for Accounting). (OMB A-11) 34. Assumption Factors used for planning purposes that are considered true, real or certain. Assumptions...

470

ALSNews Vol. 314  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

project management: heartening, early, and under budget. A true highlight." Michaell Lubell, Director of Public Affairs for the American Physical Society, followed Kung, speaking...

471

E-Print Network 3.0 - achieves dormancy alleviation Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biology and Medicine 7 Hydrothermal time analysis of seed dormancy in true (botanical) potato seeds Summary: thresholds as dormancy is alleviated. In particular, hydrothermal time...

472

Profiling clouds' inner life | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

inner life Subgrid modeling pinpoints cloud transformation to uncover true reflective power An accurate understanding of clouds over the ocean is important for climate change...

473

Augmented Lagrangian method with nonmonotone penalty ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 21, 2010 ... in practice due to the natural lack of precision of floating point calculations. These observations are also true for other popular box-constraint...

Ernesto G. Birgin,101,3091-5610,

474

The Second Law of Thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Is it not true that the Second Law of ... of Thermodynamics is contradicted by the known facts of diffusion? When, for instance, masses of ...

M. A. BROWNE

1905-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

475

High Impact Technology (HIT) Catalyst  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Impact Technology (HIT) Catalyst Images courtesy CREE, True Manufacturing, A.O. Smith, Bernstein Associates, Cambridge Engineering, Alliance Laundry Systems, NREL Commercial...

476

E-Print Network 3.0 - atmospheric pollution part Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MECHANICAL AND AEROSPACE ENGINEERING COLLOQUIUM SERIES Atmospheric Aerosols: Linking Air Pollution... Earth's atmosphere with sulfur to cool down the earth? Is this true that...

477

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutants emitted Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MECHANICAL AND AEROSPACE ENGINEERING COLLOQUIUM SERIES Atmospheric Aerosols: Linking Air Pollution... Earth's atmosphere with sulfur to cool down the earth? Is this true that...

478

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollutant precursors Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MECHANICAL AND AEROSPACE ENGINEERING COLLOQUIUM SERIES Atmospheric Aerosols: Linking Air Pollution... Earth's atmosphere with sulfur to cool down the earth? Is this true that...

479

August 19, 2014 Ann Shikany Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

We have found that action alerts and local media pieces providing information on various transmission projects make a difference. This is especially true of those focusing on...

480

Adiabatic Tip-Plasmon Focusing for Nano-Raman Spectroscopy. ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Adiabatic Tip-Plasmon Focusing for Nano-Raman Spectroscopy. Adiabatic Tip-Plasmon Focusing for Nano-Raman Spectroscopy. Abstract: True nanoscale optical spectroscopy requires the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

E-Print Network 3.0 - adult human phantoms Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to investigate the neural basis of true and phantom Source: Dennis, Nancy - Department of Psychology, Pennsylvania State University Collection: Biology and Medicine 83 The...

482

Map of Wind Farms | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Farms Farms Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":2500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"100%","height":"550px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":true,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"File:Windturbine.png","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

483

Mandated Collaboration as a Strategy of Environmental Governance? A Case Study of the Niagara Peninsula Source Protection Area in Ontario.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Government (state) command and control strategies for addressing the complexities, uncertainties, and conflicts associated with ecological issues are no longer adequate. This is particularly true (more)

Vaughan, Katelyn Suzanne

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Human energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

future, our lives demand oil. But whats also true is thatfuture, our lives demand oil. Hydrocarbon fuels are both

Sawyer, Suzana

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Some Issues Related to the Use of Randomized Trials in the Field of Program Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

distributions are equal, which minimizes the reliability ofability distribution. This increases the reliability of thedistribution (i.e. , the true scores), the greater the reliability

Gargani, John

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Evolution of ferroelectric domain structures embedded inside polychrystalline BaTiO3 during heating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the sample (Fluke 87IV True RMS Thermometer), one from theheating element (Extech 421307 thermometer) and onewith the IR thermometer (Extech Mini IR Thermometer 42500)

Varlioglu, Mesut

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Reduced conductivity in the terahertz skin-depth layer of metals N. Laman and D. Grischkowskya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. This was true for a variety of commercial alloys including Al alloy 1100, Cu alloy 101, and both Al and Cu foils time domain spectroscopy THz-TDS . This result was true for a variety of commercial alloys and surface of parallel plate waveguides constructed of bulk copper and aluminum. Surprisingly, these waveguides did

488

CSC 1051 M.A. Papalaskari, Villanova University Conditional Statements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSC 1051 M.A. Papalaskari, Villanova University Conditional Statements Dr. Mary-Angela Papalaskari); } CSC 1051 M.A. Papalaskari, Villanova University A boolean expression Review if true, do this if more statement 1 true false statement2 CSC 1051 M.A. Papalaskari, Villanova University condition evaluated

Papalaskari, Mary-Angela

489

Development of High-Volume Warm Forming of Low-Cost Magnesium...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

FY2009 Accomplishments 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 True Plastic Strain True Stress (MPa) 200 RD 0.005 s 225 RD 0.005 s 250 RD 0.005 s 275 RD 0.005...

490

Dependencies --by case or by function? Andres Loh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

= (==) equal Unit Unit Unit = True equal Sum (Inl x) (Inl y) = equal x y equal Sum (Inr x) (Inr y) = equal Int = (==) equal Unit Unit Unit = True equal Sum (Inl x) (Inl y) = equal x y equal Sum (Inr x Sum a b = Inl a | Inr b data Prod a b = a ? b #12;Generic equality in Dependency-style Generic

Löh, Andres

491

Telescoping MATLAB for DSP Applications PhD Thesis Defense  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Telescoping MATLAB for DSP Applications PhD Thesis Defense Arun Chauhan Computer Science, Rice University PhD Thesis Defense July 10, 2003 #12;Two True Stories PhD Thesis Defense: Telescoping MATLABD Thesis Defense: Telescoping MATLAB for DSP Applications July 10, 2003 #12;Two True Stories · the world

Chauhan, Arun

492

Probabilistic Planning with Information Gathering and Contingent Denise Draper Steve Hanks Daniel Weld  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Example Suppose that a manufacturing robot is given the goal of having a widget painted (PA), processed by rejecting (reject) parts that are awed (FL) or shipping (ship) parts that are not awed (FL). The robot also has an action paint that usually makes PA true, and an action notify that makes NO true. Initially

493

Q1 Review Session Complex system fails for complex reasons!  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

interlocks -- protective circuits · Therac-25 · software shared code with Therac-20 · software interlock that, in practice, hardware interlocks are necessary for safety. · True. The authors discuss the need of radiation, contributed to the accidents. · True. Some of the accidents occurred when one part of the machine

494

(1) Text-book on Wireless Telegraphy (2) Wireless Telegraphy: a Handbook on the Fundamental Principles and Modern Practice of Radio-telegraphy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... illustrations are well selected and drawn. The diagram No. representing the lines of electric force round a Hertzian oscillator, is, however, not very true to fact. The loops ... a Hertzian oscillator, is, however, not very true to fact. The loops of force thrown off should be concave on the inner side, and not convex.

J. A. F.

1915-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

495

Theoretical study on interaction of hydrogen with single-walled boron nitride nanotubes. II. Collision, storage, and adsorption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a true hydrogen storage capacity, thus it would be also true that some results of rather high storage storage material or not. Our previous study6 showed that the pristine CNT is not an effective hydrogenTheoretical study on interaction of hydrogen with single-walled boron nitride nanotubes. II

Goddard III, William A.

496

Health Primers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE proverb that a little knowledge is a dangerous thing is especially true in regard to matters connected with ... thing is especially true in regard to matters connected with health, and it might therefore be supposed that the issue of a series of ...

T. L. B.

1879-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

497

DOING RESEARCH RIGHT David Knauft  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­ is it really true? If so, how is this truth communicated? IS IT TRUE? Two gatekeepers of research truth on the truth of your thesis/dissertation Your professional society is largely responsible for the peer would cause people to do this? What are the consequences? #12;11/10/2010 6 PLAGIARISM Failure to give

Scott, Robert A.

498

Point-free geometry, Approximate Distances and Verisimilitude of Theories Giangiacomo Gerla  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to be considered closer to the truth than a theory T1 if and only if (i) all the true consequences of T1 the truth. This avoids some of the difficulties arising from the known definitions of verisimilitude are consequences of T2, (ii) all the false consequences of T2 are consequences of T1, (iii) either some true

Gerla, Giangiacomo

499

CIIAPTEH 111 TilE I.O(;rC OF IIYPOTIIES I S TEST IN(~  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

detect the .falsity of a scicflti fie theory hy checkiflg on the truth of its .consequences, for a theory l.;h1ch gives false predictions (aflllot he true, lIowever, we C;lnnot demonstrate tilt' truth veri fied, hecause even false thcories can have true consequences., Thus I~l' I~.ill need to understand

Koertge, Noretta

500

The Pollination of the Primrose  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... it the flower sways,&c. This passage, of course, refers to a humble-bee, as the reference to the sudden weight clearly implies. It is true ... clearly implies. It is true that I did not definitely state that it was a humble-bee, but, on the other hand, I have nowhere in the chapter referred ...

JOHN J. WARD

1909-06-17T23:59:59.000Z