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1

Cascaded warped-FIR and FIR filter structure for loudspeaker equalization with low computational cost requirements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes an improved filter structure and methodology for the equalization of loudspeakers and other audio systems. It employs a cascaded structure of a finite impulse response (FIR) filter and a warped-FIR filter in order to obtain the best ... Keywords: FIR filters, Loudspeaker equalization, Low computational cost, Warped filters

Germán Ramos; José J. López; Basilio Pueo

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Near-perfect-reconstruction low-complexity two-band IIR/FIR QMF banks with FIR phase-compensation filters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a novel approach for the design of near-perfect-reconstruction mixed allpass-/FIR-based two-band quadrature-mirror filter banks. The proposed design method is carried out in the polyphase domain, where FIR filters are employed ... Keywords: FIR phase-compensation filter, allpass polyphase components, low-complexity QMF bank

Jörg Kliewer; Enisa Brka

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

The Radiative Effect of a Fir Canopy on a Snowpack  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Models of snow processes in areas of possible large-scale change need to be site independent and physically based. Here, the accumulation and ablation of the seasonal snow cover beneath a fir canopy has been simulated with a new physically based ...

M. J. Tribbeck; R. J. Gurney; E. M. Morris

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

WATER AND METHANOL MASER ACTIVITIES IN THE NGC 2024 FIR 6 REGION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The NGC 2024 FIR 6 region was observed in the water maser line at 22 GHz and the methanol class I maser lines at 44, 95, and 133 GHz. The water maser spectra displayed several velocity components and month-scale time variabilities. Most of the velocity components may be associated with FIR 6n, while one component was associated with FIR 4. A typical lifetime of the water maser velocity components is about eight months. The components showed velocity fluctuations with a typical drift rate of about 0.01 km s{sup -1} day{sup -1}. The methanol class I masers were detected toward FIR 6. The methanol emission is confined within a narrow range around the systemic velocity of the FIR 6 cloud core. The methanol masers suggest the existence of shocks driven by either the expanding H II region of FIR 6c or the outflow of FIR 6n.

Choi, Minho; Kang, Miju; Byun, Do-Young [Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, 776 Daedeokdaero, Yuseong, Daejeon 305-348 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Jeong-Eun, E-mail: minho@kasi.re.kr [Department of Astronomy and Space Science, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Gyeonggi 446-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

5

Characterization of Fir-tree Zones in AA1050 DC Cast Ingot  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using combination of electron backscattered diffraction, energy dispersive ... of Fe-bearing intermetallics throughout the fir-tree zones of AA1050 DC ingot were  ...

6

Characterisation of pulsed Carbon fiber illuminators for FIR instrument calibration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We manufactured pulsed illuminators emitting in the far infrared for the Planck-HFI bolometric instrument ground calibrations. Specific measurements have been conducted on these light sources, based on Carbon fibers, to understand and predict their properties. We present a modelisation of the temperature dependence of the thermal conductivity and the calorific capacitance of the fibers. A comparison between simulations and bolometer data is given, that shows the coherence of our model. Their small time constants, their stability and their emission spectrum pointing in the submm range make these illuminators a very usefull tool for calibrating FIR instruments.

Henrot-Versillé, S; Couchot, F

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Characterisation of pulsed Carbon fiber illuminators for FIR instrument calibration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We manufactured pulsed illuminators emitting in the far infrared for the Planck-HFI bolometric instrument ground calibrations. Specific measurements have been conducted on these light sources, based on Carbon fibers, to understand and predict their properties. We present a modelisation of the temperature dependence of the thermal conductivity and the calorific capacitance of the fibers. A comparison between simulations and bolometer data is given, that shows the coherence of our model. Their small time constants, their stability and their emission spectrum pointing in the submm range make these illuminators a very usefull tool for calibrating FIR instruments.

S. Henrot-Versille; R. Cizeron; F. Couchot

2007-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

8

High Resolution FIR and IR Spectroscopy of Methanol Isotopologues  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New astronomical facilities such as HIFI on the Herschel Space Observatory, the SOFIA airborne IR telescope and the ALMA sub-mm telescope array will yield spectra from interstellar and protostellar sources with vastly increased sensitivity and frequency coverage. This creates the need for major enhancements to laboratory databases for the more prominent interstellar 'weed' species in order to model and account for their lines in observed spectra in the search for new and more exotic interstellar molecular 'flowers'. With its large-amplitude internal torsional motion, methanol has particularly rich spectra throughout the FIR and IR regions and, being very widely distributed throughout the galaxy, is perhaps the most notorious interstellar weed. Thus, we have recorded new spectra for a variety of methanol isotopic species on the high-resolution FTIR spectrometer on the CLS FIR beamline. The aim is to extend quantum number coverage of the data, improve our understanding of the energy level structure, and provide the astronomical community with better databases and models of the spectral patterns with greater predictive power for a range of astrophysical conditions.

Lees, R. M.; Xu, Li-Hong [Centre for Laser, Atomic and Molecular Studies (CLAMS), University of New Brunswick, 100 Tucker Park Road, Saint John, NB E2L 4L5 (Canada); Appadoo, D. R. T.; Billinghurst, B. [Canadian Light Source, Univ. of Saskatchewan, 101 Perimeter Rd, Saskatoon, SK S7N 0X4 (Canada)

2010-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

9

Experimental Determination of Droplet Impaction on Canopy Components of Balsam Fir  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The capture efficiencies of balsam fir [Abies balsamea (L.) Mill] canopy components for monodisperse glycerin droplets were measured in a low-speed wind tunnel. Droplets were produced at sizes and wind speeds typical of cloudy conditions in a ...

Philip G. Thorne; Gary M. Lovett; William A. Reiners

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Researchers Borrow From Fir Tree to Create Biodiesel | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Researchers Borrow From Fir Tree to Create Biodiesel Researchers Borrow From Fir Tree to Create Biodiesel Researchers Borrow From Fir Tree to Create Biodiesel December 12, 2011 - 3:59pm Addthis Rajit Sapar analyzes samples at the Joint BioEnergy Institute's lab. | Photo by Roy Kaltschmidt at Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. Rajit Sapar analyzes samples at the Joint BioEnergy Institute's lab. | Photo by Roy Kaltschmidt at Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science One of the best parts of the season - next to presents of course - is the hint of evergreen in the air. Yet the sweet smell doesn't last. It fades into forgotten corners, along with unused gift cards. But it doesn't have to be that way. In fact, researchers at the Office of Science's Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) have discovered a way to keep

11

Viewing the Evolution of Massive Star Formation through FIR/Sub-mm/mm Eyes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we present an overview of our method of constructing a family of models for the far-infrared, sub-millimeter, and millimeter (FIR/sub-mm/mm) line emission of molecular and atomic gas surrounding massive star formation in starburst galaxies. We show the results of a case study, an expanding supershell centered around a massive star cluster with a particular set of input parameters and its application to nearby starburst galaxy M 82. This set of models can be used not only to interpret the observations of FIR/sub-mm/mm line emission from molecular and atomic gas, but also to investigate the physical environment and the initial cloud conditions in massive star forming regions as well as the ages of the starbursts through simulations for a wide range of input parameters. Finally, we discuss limitations of our models, and outline future work.

Lihong Yao; E. R. Seaquist

2006-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

12

High-speed hardware efficient FIR compensation filter for Delta-Sigma modulator analog-to-digital converter in 0.13 µm CMOS technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A high-speed hardware efficient 41-tap, 15-bit word length Finite Impulse Response (FIR) Compensation Filter has been designed as a component in a Delta-Sigma Modulator (DSM) Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC). The filter is targeted for high-throughput ... Keywords: ADC, FIR filter, compensation, delta-sigma, high-speed

Boon-Siang Cheah; Ray Siferd

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Nitrogen saturation and soil N availability in a high-elevation spruce and fir forest  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A field study was conducted during the summer of 1995 to gain abetter understanding of the causes of nitrate (NO{sub 3}-N) leaching and ongoing changes in soil nitrogen (N) availability in high-elevation (1524-2000 m) spruce (Picea rubens) and fir (Abies fraseri) forests of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee and North Carolina, U.S.A. Indicators of soil N availability (total soil N concentrations, extractable NH{sub 4}-N, extractable NO{sub 3}-N, and C/N ratios) were measured in Oa and A horizons at 33 study plots. Dynamic measures included potential net soil N mineralization determined in 12-week aerobic laboratory incubations at 22 C. Potential net nitrification in the A horizon was correlated (r = + 0.83, P < 0.001) with total soil n concentrations. mostmeasures of soil n availability did not exhibit significanttrends with elevation, but there were topographic differences. Potential net soil N mineralization and net nitrification in the A horizon were higher in coves than on ridges. Relative amounts of particulate and organomineral soil organic matter influenced potential net N mineralization and nitrification in the A horizon. Calculations indicate that soil N availability and NO{sub 3}-N leaching in high-elevation spruce and fir forests of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park will increase in response to regional warming.

Garten Jr, Charles T [ORNL

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Quantization of FIR Filters under a Total Integer Cost Ashley J. Llorens, Christoforos N. Hadjicostis and Hen Chi Ni  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

representation for arbitrary quantization sets. We then develop a greedy algorithm which has even lower algorithms in this setting. I. INTRODUCTION The increasing usage of FIR filters and the inherent quantization. Hadjicostis and H. C. Ni are with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University

Hadjicostis, Christoforos

15

Internal element cycles of an old-growth Douglas-fir ecosystem in western Oregon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information on primary production, decomposition, hydrology, and element cycling was intergrated in annual budgets of accumulation and flux among components of a mature Douglas-fir forest ecosystem. Annual N input in precipitation and dust was 2.0 kg/ha, and an estimated 2.8 kg/ha were fixed by cyanophycophilous lichens in the canopy. Annual N loss to groundwater was 1.5 kg/ha. Microparticulate litterfall provided a large input of N to the forest floor. Total annual loss to ground water was 9400 eq/ha and, because of little cation accumulation, loss exactly balanced input. Net transfers of P were small. Total annual input was 0.5 kg/ha, total loss was 0.7 kg/ha, and net accumulation was -0.2 kg/ha. Input of elements in precipitation and dryfall was small compared with that in the Eastern United States. Water chemistry profiles showed that the biologically important elements N, P, and K increased in concentration as water passed through the canopy and litter layer but decreased as water passed through the rooted part of the mineral soil. In contrast, Na increased by a factor of 20 as water passed through the rooted soil. Concentrations of all elements except Mg were lower in the stream water than in solution at 2.0-m depth in the subsoil. Total return to the forest floor in litterfall was greater than that reported for other Douglas-fir stands mainly because of plentiful microparticulate forms and coarse woody debris. Leaf fall accounted for less than half of the total litterfall input of N to the forest floor. Fluxes of hydrogen ions (H/sup +/) resulting from water flow were negligible compared with H/sup +/ release during carbonic acid dissociation and H/sup +/ removal accompanying cation release in weathering. Uptake of metalic cations by vegetation and release during decomposition exceeded uptake and release of sulfur and phophorus anions, resulting in a net H/sup +/ flux of approximately 1 x 10/sup 3/ eq x ha/yr.

Sollins, P.; Grier, C.C.; McCorison, F.M.; Cromack, K. Jr.; Fogel, R.; Fedriksen, R.L.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Energy Input and Quality of Pellets Made from Steam-Exploded Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)  

SciTech Connect

Ground softwood Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) was treated with pressurized saturated steam at 200-220 C (1.6-2.4 MPa) for 5-10 min in a sealed container. The contents of the container were released to the atmosphere for a sudden decompression. The steam-exploded wood particles were dried to 10% moisture content and pelletized in a single-piston-cylinder system. The pellets were characterized for their mechanical strength, chemical composition, and moisture sorption. The steamtreated wood required 12-81% more energy to compact into pellets than the untreated wood. Pellets made from steam-treated wood had a breaking strength 1.4-3.3 times the strength of pellets made from untreated wood. Steam-treated pellets had a reduced equilibrium moisture content of 2-4% and a reduced expansion after pelletization. There was a slight increase in the high heating value from 18.94 to 20.09 MJ/kg for the treated samples. Steam-treated pellets exhibited a higher lengthwise rigidity compared to untreated pellets.

Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL; Bi, X.T. [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Lim, C. Jim [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Melin, Staffan [University of British Columbia, Vancouver

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Combustion characteristics of Douglas Fir planer shavings. Technical progress report No. 4, September 16, 1977--September 15, 1978  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Significant quantities of wood residue fuels are presently being used in industrial steam generating facilities. Recent studies indicate that substantial additional quantities of wood residue fuels are available for energy generation in the form of steam and/or electricity. A limited data base on the combustion characteristics of wood residue fuels has resulted in the installation and operation of inefficient combustion systems for these fuels. This investigation of the combustion characteristics of wood residue fuels was undertaken to provide a data base which could be used to optimize the combustion of such fuels. Optimization of the the combustion process in industrial boilers serves to improve combustion efficiency and to reduce air pollutant emissions generated in the combustion process. This report presents data on the combustion characteristics of Douglas Fir planer shavings. The data were obtained in a pilot scale combustion test facility at Oregon State Univerisity. Other technical reports present data on the combustion characteristics of: Douglas Fir bark, Red Alder sawdust, Red Alder bark, Ponderosa pine bark, Hemlock bark, and Eastern White Pine bark. An executive summary report is also available which compares the combustion characteristics of the various fuel species.

Junge, D.C.

1978-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Stem Densities of Trees from Overstocked Mixed Conifer Stands of Western Hemlock, Douglas-fir and Western Redcedar.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents results from a stem density (wood and bark combined) study conducted on trees from overstocked mixed conifer stands of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla) and western redcedar (Thuja plicata) located on the Quilcene Ranger District, Olympic National Forest in the State of Washington. Information on the density of stem wood that is available in literature generally have been derived from trees growing in stands of normal stocking levels. Stem densities, an essential parameter in the determination of stem biomass, have not been investigated for trees growing in overstocked conditions. Predictive estimators of density based on data derived from studies of normally stocked stands can not be applied to trees growing in an overstocked condition with any reliability. There is need to specifically examine stem densities in trees grown under these adverse conditions. 3 refs., 3 tabs.

Pong, W.Y.; Waddell, Dale R.; Biomass and Energy Project (Portland, Or.)

1985-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

19

Effects of acidic deposition on nutrient uptake, nutrient cycling and growth processes of vegetation in the spruce-fir ecosystem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes progress in three years of field research designed to evaluate biological and chemical indicators of the current and future health of the Southern Appalachian spruce-fir ecosystem. The emphasis of this research has been on the identification and understanding of mechanisms through which current levels of acidic deposition are impacting ecosystem processes. The identification of these principal mechanisms and key biological indicators of change was designed to improve our capabilities to detect, monitor, and assess the effects of air quality regulations and attendant future air quality changes on ecosystem response. Individual research tasks focused on the following research areas: (1) the significance of foliar uptake of atmospheric sources of nitrogen in relationship to plant utilization of N from available soil reserves; (2) linkages between atmospheric inputs to the soil surface, solution chemistry, and decomposition in the upper organic soil horizons; (3) effects of soil solution chemistry on uptake of cations and aluminum by fine roots; and (4) the effects of varying rates of calcium supply on carbon metabolism of Fraser fir and red spruce, and the relationship between calcium levels in wood cells and integrity of wood formed in bole and branches. Each of the individual tasks was designed to focus upon a mechanism or process that we consider critical to understanding chemical and biological linkages. These linkages will be important determinants in understanding the basis of past and potential future responses of the high elevation Southern Appalachian Forest to acidic deposition and other co-occurring environmental stresses. This report contains (1) background and rationale for the research undertaken in 1992-94; (2) a summary of principal research findings; (3) publications from this research; and (4) characterization of data sets produced by this research which will be the basis of future research, analyses and/or publications.

McLaughlin, S.B.; Garten, C.T.; Wullschleger, S.D. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [and others

1996-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

20

Investigation of the particle size distribution and particle density characteristics of Douglas fir hogged fuel fly ash collected under known combustion conditions. Technical Progress Report No. 2  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The increased interest in wood as a fuel source, coupled with the increasing demand to control the emission generated by wood combustion, has created a need for information characterizing the emissions that occur for given combustion conditions. This investigation characterizes the carbon char and inorganic fly ash size and density distribution for each of thirty-eight Douglas fir bark samples collected under known conditions of combustion.

Lang, A.J.; Junge, D.C.

1978-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Fir Lider / Four Poems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

roiK pe T8* yw lyT &gn onp-anp —p^nyao^ JPIK ya"! yoann»a noyan 08ii ,*n ix oita p8T0 8 anp pi-joisn Tin oy ütaw pK .pn»

Khosid / Chasid, M

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

2004 Initial Assessments for the T and TX TY Tank Farm Field Investigation Report (FIR): Numerical Simulations  

SciTech Connect

In support of CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc.’s (CHG) preparation of a Field Investigative Report (FIR) for the Hanford Site Single-Shell Tank Waste Management Area (WMA) T and TX-TY, a suite of numerical simulations of flow and solute transport was executed using the STOMP code to predict the performance of surface barriers for reducing long-term risks from potential groundwater contamination at the T and TX-TY WMA. The scope and parametric data for these simulations were defined by a modeling data package provided by CHG. This report documents the simulation involving 2-D cross sections through the T Tank and the TX-TY Tank Farm. Eight cases were carried out for the cross sections to simulate the effects of interim barrier, water line leak, inventory distribution, and surface recharge on water flow and the transport of long-lived radionuclides (i.e., technecium-99 and uranium) and chemicals (i.e., nitrate and chromium For simulations with barriers, it is assumed that an interim barrier is in place by the year 2010. It was also assumed that, for all simulations, as part of tank farm closure, a closure barrier was in place by the year 2040. The modeling considers the estimated inventories of contaminants within the vadose zone and calculates the associated risk. It assumes that no tanks will leak in the future. Initial conditions for contaminant concentration are provided as part of inventory estimates for uranium, technetium-99, nitrate, and chromium. For moisture flow modeling, Neumann boundary conditions are prescribed at the surface with the flux equal to the recharge rate estimate. For transport modeling, a zero flux boundary is prescribed at the surface for uranium, technetium-99, nitrate, and chromium. The western and eastern boundaries are assigned no-flux boundaries for both flow and transport. The water table boundary is prescribed by water table elevations and the unconfined aquifer hydraulic gradient. No-flux boundaries are used for the lower boundary. Numerical results were obtained for compliance at the WMA boundary, 200 Areas boundary, exclusion boundary beyond the 200 Areas, and the Columbia River (DOE-RL 2000). Streamtube/analytical models were used to route computed contaminant concentrations at the water table to the downstream compliance points. When the interim barrier was applied at 2010, the soil was desaturated gradually. The difference in saturation of the soil with and without the interim barrier was the largest at 2040, the time the closure barrier was applied. After this, the difference in saturation in the two cases became smaller with time. Generally, the solutes broke though faster if there was a water line leak. A relative small five-day leak (Case 4) had little effect on the peak concentration, while a large 20-yr leak (Case 3) increased the peak concentration significantly and reduced the solute travel in the vadose zone. The distribution of the inventory, either uniform or nonuniform, has little effect on peak arrival time; the peak concentrations of the conservative solutes varied by -6.9 to 0.2% for the T tank farm and by 11 to 49.4% for the TX tank farm. The reduction of the meteoric recharge before the barrier was applied led to less soil saturation, as expected, and thus longer solute travel time in the vadose zone and smaller peak fence line concentration. The effect on soil saturation lasted for about another 50 years after the barrier was applied at 2050. However, the reduced recharge rate affected the breakthough curve till the end of the simulation. The fence line concentrations at the year 3000 were always higher for cases with reduced natural recharge than for those of the base case, which indicates that the fundamental impact of the reduced natural recharge is a smoothing of the breakthrough concentrations at the compliance points.

Zhang, Z. F.; Freedman, Vicky L.; Waichler, Scott R.

2004-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

23

Stand-Level Gas-Exchange Responses to Seasonal Drought in Very Young Versus Old Douglas-fir Forests of the Pacific Northwest, USA  

SciTech Connect

This study examines how stand age affects ecosystem mass and energy exchange response to seasonal drought in three adjacent Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) forests. The sites include two early seral stands (ES) (0-15 years old) and an old-growth (OG) ({approx} 450-500) forest in the Wind River Experiment Forest, Washington, USA. We use eddy covariance flux measurements of carbon dioxide (F{sub NEE}), latent energy ({lambda}E) and sensible heat (H) to derive evapotranspiration rate (E{sub T}), bowen ratio ({beta}), water use efficiency (WUE), canopy conductance (G{sub c}), the Priestley-Taylor coefficient ({alpha}) and a canopy decoupling factor ({Omega}). The canopy and bulk parameters are examined to see how ecophysiological responses to water stress, including changes in available soil water ({theta}{sub r}) and vapor pressure deficit ({delta}e) differ among the two forest successional-stages. Despite very different rainfall patterns in 2006 and 2007, we observed distinct successional-stage relationships between E{sub T}, {alpha}, and G{sub c} to {delta}e and {theta}{sub r} during both years. The largest stand differences were (1) higher morning G{sub c} (> 10 mm s{sup -1}) at the OG forest coinciding with higher CO{sub 2} uptake (F{sub NEE} = -9 to -6 {micro}mol m{sup -2} s{sup -1}) but a strong negative response in G{sub c} to moderate {delta}e later in the day and a subsequent reduction in E{sub T}, and (2) higher E{sub T} at the ES stands because midday canopy conductance did not decrease until very low water availability levels (<30%) were reached at the end of the summer. Our results suggest that early seral stands are more likely than mature forests to experience declines in production if the summer drought becomes longer or intensifies because water conserving ecophysiological responses were only observed at the very end of the seasonal drought period in the youngest stands.

Wharton, S; Schroeder, M; Bible, K; Falk, M; Paw U, K T

2009-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

24

A Second-Order Cone Programming Approach for Minimax Design of 2-D FIR Filters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

V8@ 3P6 Email: wslu@ece.uvic.ca Takao Hinamoto Graduate School of Engineering Hiroshima University Higashi-Hiroshima, 739-8527, Japan Email: hinamoto@hiroshima-u.ac.jp Abstract-- A design algorithm based

Lu, Wu-Sheng

25

A New Minimax Design for 2-D FIR Filters with Low Group Delay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Graduate School of Engineering Hiroshima University Higashi-Hiroshima, 739-8527, Japan Email: hinamoto@hiroshima

Lu, Wu-Sheng

26

ATMOSPHERIC TURBULENCE WITHIN AND ABOVE A DOUGLAS-FIR STAND. PART I: STATISTICAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-firstand at BrownsRiv_..._qer:(O), longitudinal component (u'2); (O), lateral component v~); (V), vertical component

Lee, Xuhui

27

Rational Expectations and Biological Feasibility in the Projection of Supply and Demand for Douglas Fir Stumpage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

logged, milled into either plywood or lumber, and used forthat ber and 50% of plywood (Stanford Research Institute,The widespread use of plywood and the availability of

Berck, Peter

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Wintertime Ozone Fluxes and Profiles above a Subalpine Spruce–Fir Forest  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High rural concentrations of ozone (O3) are thought to be stratospheric in origin, advected from upwind urban sources, or photochemically generated locally by natural trace gas emissions. Ozone is known to be transported vertically downward from ...

Karl Zeller

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

The 7-channel FIR HCN Interferometer on J-TEXT Tokamak  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A seven-channel far-infrared hydrogen cyanide (HCN) laser interferometer has been established aiming to provide the line integrated plasma density for the J-TEXT experimental scenarios. A continuous wave glow discharge HCN laser designed with a cavity length 3.4 m is used as the laser source with a wavelength of 337 {\\mu}m and an output power up to 100 mW. The system is configured as a Mach-Zehnder type interferometer. Phase modulation is achieved by a rotating grating, with a modulation frequency of 10 kHz which corresponds to the temporal resolution of 0.1 ms. The beat signal is detected by TGS detector. The phase shift induced by the plasma is derived by the comparator with a phase sensitivity of 0.06 fringe. The experimental results measured by the J-TEXT interferometer are presented in details. In addition, the inversed electron density profile done by a conventional approach is also given. The kinematic viscosity of dimethyl silicone and vibration control is key issues for the system performance. The laser power stability under different kinematic viscosity of silicone oil is presented. A visible improvement of measured result on vibration reduction is shown in the paper.

Wei Chen; L. Gao; J. Chen; Q. Li; Z. J. Wang; G. Zhuang

2011-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

30

Protection against soft errors in the space environment: A finite impulse response (FIR) filter case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem of radiation is a key issue in Space applications, since it produces several negative effects on digital circuits. Considering the high reliability expected in these systems, many techniques have been proposed to mitigate these effects. However, ... Keywords: Digital filters, Error detection and correction codes, Fault tolerance, Radiation, Soft errors

J. A. Maestro; P. Reviriego; P. Reyes; O. Ruano

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Blind parametric identification of non-Gaussian FIR systems using higher order cumulants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two approaches are introduced for the identification of linear time-invariant systems when only output data are available. The input sequences are independent and must be non-Gaussian. To estimate the parameters of the system, we use only the fourth-order ...

S. Safi; A. Zeroual

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

GGomorphologieomorphologie True /False  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

working on them. #12;Relevance of geomorphology People live on landforms and their lives are affectedGGĂ©Ă©omorphologieomorphologie #12;True /False 1. Geomorphology is the study of process working for thousands of years People dam rivers, drain groundwater, engineer coast- lines People plant or burn

Demouchy, Sylvie

33

The "True" Column Density Distribution in Star-Forming Molecular Clouds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the COMPLETE Survey's observations of the Perseus star-forming region to assess and intercompare three methods for measuring column density in molecular clouds: extinction mapping (NIR); thermal emission mapping (FIR); and mapping the intensity of CO isotopologues. The structures shown by all three tracers are morphologically similar, but important differences exist. Dust-based measures give similar, log-normal, distributions for the full Perseus region, once careful calibration corrections are made. We also compare dust- and gas-based column density distributions for physically-meaningful sub-regions of Perseus, and we find significant variations in the distributions for those regions. Even though we have used 12CO data to estimate excitation temperatures, and we have corrected for opacity, the 13CO maps seem unable to give column distributions that consistently resemble those from dust measures. We have edited out the effects of the shell around the B-star HD 278942. In that shell's interior and in t...

Goodman, Alyssa A; Schnee, Scott L

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Establishing More Truth in True Winds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Techniques are presented for the computation and quality control of true winds from vessels at sea. Correct computation of true winds and quality-control methods are demonstrated for complete data. Additional methods are presented for estimating ...

Shawn R. Smith; Mark A. Bourassa; Ryan J. Sharp

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

The "True" Column Density Distribution in Star-Forming Molecular Clouds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the COMPLETE Survey's observations of the Perseus star-forming region to assess and intercompare three methods for measuring column density in molecular clouds: extinction mapping (NIR); thermal emission mapping (FIR); and mapping the intensity of CO isotopologues. The structures shown by all three tracers are morphologically similar, but important differences exist. Dust-based measures give similar, log-normal, distributions for the full Perseus region, once careful calibration corrections are made. We also compare dust- and gas-based column density distributions for physically-meaningful sub-regions of Perseus, and we find significant variations in the distributions for those regions. Even though we have used 12CO data to estimate excitation temperatures, and we have corrected for opacity, the 13CO maps seem unable to give column distributions that consistently resemble those from dust measures. We have edited out the effects of the shell around the B-star HD 278942. In that shell's interior and in the parts where it overlaps the molecular cloud, there appears to be a dearth of 13CO, likely due either to 13CO not yet having had time to form in this young structure, and/or destruction of 13CO in the molecular cloud. We conclude that the use of either dust or gas measures of column density without extreme attention to calibration and artifacts is more perilous than even experts might normally admit. And, the use of 13CO to trace total column density in detail, even after proper calibration, is unavoidably limited in utility due to threshold, depletion, and opacity effects. If one's main aim is to map column density, then dust extinction seems the best probe. Linear fits amongst column density tracers are given, quantifying the inherent uncertainties in using one tracer (when compared with others). [abridged

Alyssa A. Goodman; Jaime E. Pineda; Scott L. Schnee

2008-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

36

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 45, NO. 6, PP. 1415{1427, JUNE 1997 1 On Fast FIR Filters Implemented as Tail-Canceling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HFIR(z) 4= h0 + h1z;1 + :::+ hNz;N (2) = z;NC(z) (3) where C(z) is the N-th degree polynomial formed HFIR(z) = h0 + h0pz;1 + :::+ h0pNz;N (14) = h0 1 ;pN+1z;(N+1) 1 ;pz;1 : (15) The time-domain recursion write HFIR(z) = HIIR(z) ;z;NH0 IIR(z) (23) = B(z) ;z;NB0(z) A(z) : (24) The corresponding system is y n

Smith III, Julius Orion

37

True Electric LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name True Electric LLC Place Texas Utility Id 56298 Utility Location Yes Ownership R NERC ERCOT Yes ISO Ercot Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861...

38

TrueWind Solutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Center Partnership Year 2003 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now TrueWind Solutions is a company located in Albany, NY. References...

39

NOTE / NOTE Winter habitat selection by white-tailed deer on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

between deer density from an aerial survey and the proportion of balsam fir forest on vegetation maps the relationship between deer density from an aerial sur- vey and the proportion of balsam fir, Abies balsamea (L

Laval, Université

40

Adaptive Discrete Cosine Transform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The theory and performance of the adaptive discrete cosine transform filter is examined. The discrete cosine transform filter is a realization of an FIR filter as the cascade of an all-zero FIR filter with a bank of IIR digital resonators. Each bank ... Keywords: FIR filter, IIR digital resonators, LMS algorithm, adaptive discrete cosine transform filter, adaptive filters, all-zero FIR filter, filter coefficient, frequency, magnitude, phase, transfer function, update method

S. J. Bukowinski; L. Gerhardt; M. Fargues; G. Coutu

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

metalsa, epri, and John Deere are among the partners in these high-impact studies.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-generation Neutron residual stress Facility (NrsF-2) at hFir, along with complementary x-ray diffraction a beam of thermal neutrons to diffract off the sample material. At hFir, a monochro- mater selects one running at hFir involve industrial partnerships with metalsa s. de r.l. (car and truck chassis frames

42

True grit: Brock is climbing her way to success  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

True grit: Brock is climbing her way to success True grit: Brock is climbing her way to success True grit: Brock is climbing her way to success Biology student and radiation physics intern Burgandy Brock tackles challenges with gusto, in the field, in the classroom and in life. August 27, 2013 True grit: Brock is climbing her way to success Biology student and radiation physics intern Burgandy Brock tackles challenges with gusto, in the field, in the classroom and in life. An avid outdoorswoman who loves adrenaline sports such as rock climbing, the Los Alamos native respects the Lab and the foundation it provides. » Return to homepage Undeterred by life's challenges, student pursues complex science Los Alamos Environmental Stewardship intern Burgandy Brock has a lot on her plate, but that hasn't diminished her drive to learn more about all types

43

The truth about 'The truth about true blue'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

chardin1@twcny.rr.com Brian P. McLaughlin Rutgers UniversityHardin, C. L. , and McLaughlin, B. P. (2006). True colors.L. Hardin, and Brian P. McLaughlin ? Color, Variation, and

Cohen, Jonathan; Hardin, C. L.; McLaughlin, Brian P.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Crayola's True Color Shines Through: Green | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Crayola's True Color Shines Through: Green Crayola's True Color Shines Through: Green Crayola's True Color Shines Through: Green August 13, 2010 - 10:00am Addthis The Crayola solar farm became fully operational this week. Ten children from around the country, known as the "Crayola Green Team," helped dedicate the newest addition to the Easton, Pa.-plant. Photos courtesy of Crayola. | Photo Courtesy of Crayola The Crayola solar farm became fully operational this week. Ten children from around the country, known as the "Crayola Green Team," helped dedicate the newest addition to the Easton, Pa.-plant. Photos courtesy of Crayola. | Photo Courtesy of Crayola Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE What does this project do? The solar panels produce enough energy to produce 1 billion crayons

45

True-Temperature Determination Of Geothermal Reservoirs | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » True-Temperature Determination Of Geothermal Reservoirs Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: True-Temperature Determination Of Geothermal Reservoirs Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Parameters governing the resistivity in geothermal areas are analyzed. A method for the calculation of the true temperature of geothermal reservoirs is explained, and the effectiveness of the method is evidenced. Author(s): Jin Doo Jung Published: Geoexploration, 1977 Document Number: Unavailable DOI: 10.1016/0016-7142(77)90002-3 Source: View Original Journal Article

46

Engines - Particulate Studies - Revealing the True Nature of Diesel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Engine Nanoparticle Research: Revealing the True Nature of Diesel Particulates Engine Nanoparticle Research: Revealing the True Nature of Diesel Particulates Thermophoretic sampling device Argonne's test engine with the thermophoretic sampling device attached. Nanostructure of graphitic diesel soot under high engine load A transmission electron microscope reveals the nanostructures of graphitic diesel soot sampled under high engine loads. Morphology of particles collected from diesel combustion with iso-paraffin-enriched fuel. Morphology of particles collected from diesel combution with iso-paraffin-enriched fuel. Amorphous soot particle collected from biodiesel combustion undera low-temperature condition. Amorphous soot particle collected from biodiesel combustion under low temperature conditions. Researchers have many ideas about how to reduce the soot produced by diesel

47

ON THE TRUE SHAPE OF X-RAY SPECTRA  

SciTech Connect

A method for obtaining the true shape of x-ray spectra was developed for the particular case of dispersive distortions. The method is of value in the correction of the shape of the spectrum for the distortion introduced by the outside level of the atom and in showing the correct shape of the energy dependence of the density of states n(E)p(E) where p(E) is the probability of the corresponding transition. (J.S.R.)

Blokhin, M.A.

1956-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Two-photon interference with true thermal light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two-photon interference and "ghost" imaging with entangled light have attracted much attention since the last century because of the novel features such as non-locality and sub-wavelength effect. Recently, it has been found that pseudo-thermal light can mimic certain effects of entangled light. We report here the first observation of two-photon interference with true thermal light.

Yan-Hua Zhai; Xi-Hao Chen; Da Zhang; Ling-An Wu

2005-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

49

Correlated two-photon imaging with true thermal light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the first experimental demonstration of two-photon correlated imaging with true thermal light from a hollow cathode lamp. The coherence time of the source is much shorter than that of previous experiments using random scattered light from a laser. A two-pinhole mask was used as object, and the corresponding thin lens equation was well satisfied. Since thermal light sources are easier to obtain and measure than entangled light it is conceivable that they may be used in special imaging applications.

Da Zhang; Xi-Hao Chen; Yan-Hua Zhai; Ling-An Wu

2005-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

50

Numerical modeling of a true in situ oil shale retort  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A numerical model has been developed to simulate the true in situ retorting process. The retort is assumed to be a low-porosity fractured bed composed of large seams of competent shale separated at intervals by open fractures. Kerogen and carbonate decomposition and char, oil, and gas combustion, as well as other reactions, are considered. In contrast to the results of rubbled-bed models, the retorting of seams thicker than one meter is characterized by incomplete retorting and significant oil combustion (10 to 40% of that retorted). The amount of shale retorted can, however, be maximized by proper control of air and steam injection rates, with the injected gas being optimally 40 to 50% steam. The oil available for recovery from a two meter seam can then be, for example, as high as 50% of Fischer Assay.

Tyner, C.E.; Hommert, P.J.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

1 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, as we now have 14 instruments at sNs and 14 at hFir either available to users or in commission- ingNs reliability for FY 2010 was 88% at power levels of 1 mw; to date in FY 2011, we are achieving 92%! hFir analy- sis tools at high Flux isotope reactor (hFir) and spallation Neutron source (sNs) have grown over

52

NMERI 98/8/33380 MAIN GROUP COMPOUNDS AS ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Like nitrogen, all of the noble gases exhibit fir ... rates are maintained and aliquots are removed with a gas-tight syringe and injected into a gas ...

2012-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

53

Adaptive discrete cosine transform for feedback active noise control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The theory and performance of adaptive discrete cosine transform filters for feedback active noise control (ANC) is examined. The discrete cosine transform filter is a realization of an FIR filter as the cascade of an all-zero FIR filter with a bank ... Keywords: FIR filter, IIR digital resonators bank, active noise control, adaptive discrete cosine transform filters, adaptive filter, all-zero FIR filter, discrete cosine transform filter, feedback active noise control, filter-X LMS implementation, frequency, magnitude coefficient, phase coefficient, single error microphone, single loudspeaker, transfer function

G. Coutu; M. Dignan

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

News Briefs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... monitor the movement of 13C-la- beled methane through any ... and the first FIR observations of a vibrational bending spectrum made using ...

1997-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

55

Convex optimization problems involving finite autocorrelation ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

minimax fit to the data shown with a dashed line. 3.3 FIR magnitude .... This maps the interval ...... Linear programming design of digital data transmission filters.

56

RADIOCARBON DATING - Springer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

and Douglas fir, sequoia and bristlecone pine for later periods now document ...... mates (Dubiel and Smoot, 1994), such as monsoons with short wet seasons ...

57

Initiative to Consolidate NFPA Association Membership ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Page 7. p/7 Copyright© 1995-2009 Underwriters Laboratories Inc. All rights reserved. ... Size and Count Cooking oil Douglas fir wood Polyester carpet ...

2011-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

58

Commissioning and dosimetric characteristics of TrueBeam system: Composite data of three TrueBeam machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: A TrueBeam linear accelerator (TB-LINAC) is designed to deliver traditionally flattened and flattening-filter-free (FFF) beams. Although it has been widely adopted in many clinics for patient treatment, limited information is available related to commissioning of this type of machine. In this work, commissioning data of three units were measured, and multiunit comparison was presented to provide valuable insights and reliable evaluations on the characteristics of the new treatment system. Methods: The TB-LINAC is equipped with newly designed waveguide, carousel assembly, monitoring control, and integrated imaging systems. Each machine in this study has 4, 6, 8, 10, 15 MV flattened photon beams, and 6 MV and 10 MV FFF photon beams as well as 6, 9, 12, 16, 20, and 22 MeV electron beams. Dosimetric characteristics of the three new TB-LINAC treatment units are systematically measured for commissioning. High-resolution diode detectors and ion chambers were used to measure dosimetric data for a range of field sizes from 10 Multiplication-Sign 10 to 400 Multiplication-Sign 400 mm{sup 2}. The composite dosimetric data of the three units are presented in this work. The commissioning of intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT), image-guided radiation therapy, and gating systems are also illustrated. Critical considerations of P{sub ion} of FFF photon beams and small field dosimetric measurements were investigated. Results: The authors found all PDDs and profiles matched well among the three machines. Beam data were quantitatively compared and combined through average to yield composite beam data. The discrepancies among the machines were quantified using standard deviation (SD). The mean SD of the PDDs among the three units is 0.12%, and the mean SD of the profiles is 0.40% for 10 MV FFF open fields. The variations of P{sub ion} of the chamber CC13 is 1.2 {+-} 0.1% under 6 MV FFF and 2.0 {+-} 0.5% under 10 MV FFF from dmax to the 18 cm-off-axis point at 35 cm depth under 40 Multiplication-Sign 40 cm{sup 2}. The mean penumbra of crossplane flattened photon beams at collimator angle of 0 Degree-Sign is measured from 5.88 {+-} 0.09 to 5.99 {+-} 0.13 mm from 4 to 15 MV at 10 cm depth of 100 Multiplication-Sign 100 mm{sup 2}. The mean penumbra of crossplane beams at collimator angle of 0 Degree-Sign is measured as 3.70 {+-} 0.21 and 4.83 {+-} 0.04 mm for 6 MV FFF and 10 MV FFF, respectively, at 10 cm depth with a field size of 5 Multiplication-Sign 5 cm{sup 2}. The end-to-end test procedures of both IMRT and VMAT were performed for various energy modes. The mean ion chamber measurements of three units showed less than 2% between measurement and calculation; the mean MultiCube ICA measurements demonstrated over 90% pixels passing gamma analysis (3%, 3 mm, 5% threshold). The imaging dosimetric data of KV planar imaging and CBCT demonstrated improved consistency with vendor specifications and dose reduction for certain imaging protocols. The gated output verification showed a discrepancy of 0.05% or less between gating radiation delivery and nongating radiation delivery. Conclusions: The commissioning data indicated good consistency among the three TB-LINAC units. The commissioning data provided us valuable insights and reliable evaluations on the characteristics of the new treatment system. The systematically measured data might be useful for future reference.

Chang Zheng; Wu Qiuwen; Adamson, Justus; Ren Lei; Bowsher, James; Yan Hui; Thomas, Andrew; Yin Fangfang [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

59

Measuring the true managerial efficiency of bank branches in Taiwan: A three-stage DEA analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper aims to explore the true managerial efficiencies of the branches of a case bank in Taiwan. With 123 branches of the case bank comprising the sample, the study finds that, after the adjustment of environmental factors and statistical noise, ... Keywords: Bank branches, Environmental variables, Malmquist productivity index, Stochastic frontier approach, Three-stage data envelopment analysis, True managerial efficiency

Jonchi Shyu; Terri Chiang

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

U-028: Microsoft Windows win32k.sys TrueType Font Parsing Vulnerability |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

28: Microsoft Windows win32k.sys TrueType Font Parsing 28: Microsoft Windows win32k.sys TrueType Font Parsing Vulnerability U-028: Microsoft Windows win32k.sys TrueType Font Parsing Vulnerability November 7, 2011 - 8:15am Addthis PROBLEM: Microsoft Windows win32k.sys TrueType Font Parsing Vulnerability. PLATFORM: Microsoft Windows 7 Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Datacenter Edition Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Enterprise Edition Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Standard Edition Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Web Edition Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Microsoft Windows Storage Server 2003 Microsoft Windows Vista Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition Microsoft Windows XP Professional ABSTRACT: A vulnerability has been reported in Microsoft Windows, which can be exploited by malicious people to compromise a user's system. reference LINKS:

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Ingan Based True Green Laser Diodes on Novel Semi-Polar {20-21}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present the high crystal quality and homogeneity in InGaN quantum wells (QWs) on {20-21} planes with the 531 nm true green pulsed lasing  ...

62

True imposters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Imposters are a powerful technique which has been widely used for many years in the graphics community. An imposter is a two dimensional image rendered onto a billboard which represents highly detailed geometry. Imposters can be created on the fly or ...

Eric Risser

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Development of a new model to predict indoor daylighting : integration in CODYRUN software and validation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a stereovision-based human detection system which uses a far-infrared and daylightHuman detection with a multi-sensors stereovision system Y. Benezeth1 , P.M. Jodoin2 , B. Emile3 Far-Infrared (FIR) and daylight cameras mounted on a stereovision setup. Although daylight or FIR

64

Creating Sustainable Partnerships  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was in operation, and to this day, some of HFIR's research capabilities are unique in the world. "HFIR and other isotopes requires neutrons with various energy levels. hFIR is one of two facilities in the world capabilities of the high Flux Isotope Reactor. Since its construction in the mid-1960s, researchers have used hFIR

65

Fuzzy Inductive Reasoning for Variable Selection Analysis and Modeling of Biological Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuzzy Inductive Reasoning (FIR) is a qualitative inductive modeling and simulation methodology for dealing with dynamical systems. It has proven to be a powerful tool for qualitative model identification and prediction of future behavior of various kinds of dynamical systems, especially from the soft sciences, such as biology, biomedicine, and ecology. This paper focuses on modeling aspects of the FIR methodology. It is shown that the FIR variable selection analysis is a useful tool not only for FIR but also for other classical quantitative methodologies such as NARMAX (Nonlinear AutoRegressive Moving Average modeling with eXternal inputs). The tool allows to obtain models that interpret a system under study in optimal ways, in the sense that these models are well suited for predicting the future behavior of the system they represent. The FIR variable selection analysis turns out to work well even in those applications where standard statistical variable selection analysis does not pro...

Angela Nebot; Francois E. Cellier; Ra' ul Carvajal V

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Contactless electromagnetic active attack on ring oscillator based true random number generator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

True random number generators (TRNGs) are ubiquitous in data security as one of basic cryptographic primitives. They are primarily used as generators of confidential keys, to initialize vectors, to pad values, but also as random masks generators in some ... Keywords: EM injections, IEMI, TRNGs, active attacks, ring oscillators

Pierre Bayon; Lilian Bossuet; Alain Aubert; Viktor Fischer; François Poucheret; Bruno Robisson; Philippe Maurine

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

The True-Twin microcalorimeter: a proof-of-concept experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a proof-of-concept experiment to realize microwave primary power standard with a true-twin microcalorimeter. Double feeding line microcalorimeters are widely used by National Metrology Institutes. A drawback concerns the system calibration: traditional processes changes measurement conditions between system characterization and the measurement stage. Nevertheless, if the feeding lines are made twin, a measurement scheme that avoids separate characterization can be applied, equations simplify and time consumption is halved. Here we demonstrates the feasibility of the idea. The result of an effective efficiency spectroscopy of a thermoelectric power sensor is compared with figures obtained with well established methods.

Luca Oberto; Luciano Brunetti; Marco Sellone

2011-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

68

Description of true and delayed ternary nuclear fission accompanied by the emission of various third particles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mechanisms and the features of the main types of nuclear ternary fission (that is, true ternary fission, in which a third particle is emitted before the rupture of the fissioning nucleus into fragments, and delayed ternary fission, in which a third particle is emitted from fission fragments going apart) are investigated within quantum-mechanical fission theory. The features of T-odd asymmetry in true ternary nuclear fission induced by cold polarized neutrons are investigated for the cases where alpha particles, prescission neutrons, and photons appear as third particles emitted by fissioning nuclei, the Coriolis interaction of the spin of the polarized fissioning nucleus with the spin of the third particle and the interference between the fission amplitudes for neutron resonances excited in the fissioning nucleus in the case of projectile-neutron capture being taken into account. For the cases where third particles emitted by fission fragments are evaporated neutrons or photons, T-odd asymmetries in delayed ternary nuclear fission induced by cold polarized neutrons are analyzed with allowance for the mechanism of pumping of large fission-fragment spins oriented orthogonally to the fragment-emission direction and with allowance for the interference between the fission amplitudes for neutron resonances.

Kadmensky, S. G., E-mail: kadmensky@vsu.ru; Kadmensky, S. S.; Lyubashevsky, D. E. [Voronezh State University (Russian Federation)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

69

True in-situ bed preparation: oil shale and tar sand  

SciTech Connect

In 1978, a detailed study was conducted to evaluate the status of the bed preparation technology that had been developed for true in-situ processing of oil shale. It was concluded that the two techniques which had received the bulk of the attention in prior field experimentation, namely the wellbore springing and hydraulic/explosive fracturing concepts, both had inherent traits which would prevent them from being useful in practical applications. In the current paper, the previous results are reviewed to determine whether or not they are also applicable to tar sand. The conclusion reached is that neither technique would be practical for preparing a tar sands deposit for in-situ processing.

Boade, R. R.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Material balance calculations for true in-situ oil shale retorting  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In an effort to further understand the characteristics of true in situ oil shale retorting, a comprehensive material balance procedure has been developed for this application. In addition to the normal elemental balances, laboratory data for the stoichiometry of oil coking and kerogen decomposition are used. This additional information allows estimates to be made as to the extent of the product loss mechanisms of oil coking and oil combustion. Assumptions are necessary in order to close the balance; thus sensitivity of the results to these assumptions is examined. The procedure has been applied to both the Site 9 and, on a preliminary basis, Site 12 oil shale retorts conducted by the Laramie Energy Technology Center. Results indicate that oil combustion and oil coking are significant loss mechanisms, i.e., on the order of 40 to 60% of oil retorted.

Hommert, P.J.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

The Insulation Energy Appraisal Assessing the True Value of Insulated System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Insulation remains a seriously under-utilized technology in the manufacturing and industrial sectors of the economy even though its role in energy efficiency and environmental preservation is clear. The objective of the presentation is to educate the audience about the enormous savings potential of insulation in terms of reduced energy costs, improved process control, reduced greenhouse gas emissions, noise control and personnel protection. In addition, the presentation will introduce the audience to a new energy management tool designed to help facility/energy managers understand the true dollar and performance value of insulation- the Insulation Energy Appraisal Program. The program has achieved tremendous success with all classes sold out to date. The presentation will highlight various components of the intensive 2-day training program which teaches an appraiser how to: evaluate the thermal performance of insulated versus uninsulated piping and equipment; translate Btu losses into actual dollars; and calculate greenhouse gas emissions.

Schell, S.

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Mechanisms of Plant-Fungi Symbiosis Characterized by DOE JGI...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

birch, fir, and pine forests of North America and is a common symbiont of Populus, the poplar tree whose genome was determined by the JGI in 2006 The analysis of the...

73

Purple and Scarlet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Egypt; and wool from Arabia, woven into robes. Their artisans wrought vessels of glass, brass, silver and gold. When Solomon built a temple for the Lord, the cedars and firs of...

74

HEAVY-ION RADIOBIOLOGY: CELLULAR STUDIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

S! , Ar 4 ll! 1d 10 em brass "Submarine• Reprod. lntegl'ltymd Ill! , fir 4 em Pb and 10 em brass Chapman et al. , 1977,No Hallet a1. , 1977 10 em brass Raju and Phillips, 1977 C,

Blakely, Eleanor A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

2011 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Tractor trailer driving down road flanked by fields 12.06.11Article Sweet Smell of Renewable Fuel Office of Science researchers borrowed from a fir tree to create a fuel that...

76

A scheduling algorithm for optimization and early planning in high-level synthesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DSP functions such as EWF, FIR, and ARF. Table I shows the ?mult) fft getblk jdmerge ewf arf ?r Table III. SchedulingDFG2 jdmerge DFG1 DFG2 ewf arf ?r ASAP CPLEX Our algorithm

Memik, S O; Kastner, Ryan; Bozorgzadeh, E; Sarrafzadeh, M

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Indian Dyes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

from wild grapes; yellow from sunflowers and yellow coneflowers. Their enemies, the Blackfeet, obtained a beautiful yellow from a moss that grew among the fir trees in the Rocky...

78

Effects of burning and thinning on species composition and forage production in British Columbia grasslands .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The structural integrity of fire-dependent ecosystems, such as ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Dougl.) and Interior Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) biogeoclimatic zones in Interior British… (more)

Ducherer, Kim Lannette

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

True ternary fission, the collinear cluster tripartition (CCT) of {sup 252}Cf  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In systematic work over the last decade (see Pyatkov et al. [12] and refs therein), the ternary fission decay of heavy nuclei, in {sup 235}U(n,fff) and {sup 252}Cf(sf) has been studied in a collinear geometry. The name used for this process is (CCT), with three fragments of similar size in a collinear decay, it is the true ternary fission. This decay has been observed in spontaneous fission as well as in a neutron induced reaction. The measurements are based on different experimental set-ups, with binary coincidences containing TOF and energy determinations. With two detector telescopes placed at 180 Degree-Sign , the measurements of masses and energies of each of the registered two fragments, give complete kinematic solutions. Thus the missing mass events in binary coincidences can be determined, these events are obtained by blocking one of the lighter fragments on a structure in front of the detectors. The relatively high yield of CCT (more than 10{sup -3} per binary fission) is explained. It is due to the favourable Q-values (more positive than for binary) and the large phase space of the ternary CCT-decay, dominated by three (magic) clusters: e.g. isotopes of Sn, Ca and Ni, {sup 132}Sn+{sup 50}Ca+{sup 70}Ni. It is shown that the collinear (prolate) geometry has the favoured potential energy relative to the oblate shapes. The ternary fission is considered to be a sequential process. With this assumption the kinetic energies of the fragments have been calculated by Vijay et al.. The third fragments have very low kinetic energies (below 20 MeV) and have thus escaped their detection in previous work on 'ternary fission', where in addition an oblate shape and a triangle for the momentum vectors have been assumed.

Oertzen, W. von; Pyatkov, Y. V.; Kamanin, D. [Helmholtz Zentrum, D14109 Berlin (Germany); Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions, JINR, Dubna, Moscow region (Russian Federation); Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions, JINR, Dubna, Moscow region (Russian Federation) and Helmholtz Zentrum, D14109 Berlin (Germany)

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

80

Review and analysis of oil shale technologies. Volume II. True in situ technology  

SciTech Connect

This volume is a technical review and economic analysis of current true in-situ shale technology. Three techniques involving different fracturing methods are compared. Key variables include air compression, drilling depth, drill hole diameter and pattern geometry, shale grade, shale bed thickness, and explosives requirements. Variables, process systems, and process steps defined for each fracturing technique are scaled up to a 64,000-bbl/day facility and costed to provide a basis for evaluating relative economic feasibility. Capital investment, capital depreciation, annual operating, and crude shale oil costs are estimated and compared. The economic evaluation reveals that the choice of fracturing technique does not have any significant effect on the crude oil shale prices estimated for the scaled-up facilities. The costs per barrel vary only about 10%, with the lowest being the facility using the wellbore springing-explosive technique at $19 and the highest being the facility using the underreaming-explosive technique at $21. From a technical standpoint, the combination of hydraulic fracturing and explosive rubblization has the best potential for improvement. A major finding in this evaluation is that high costs associated with compression of the injection gas and drilling strongly influence process economics and, subsequently, crude oil selling prices for all techniques. The actual amount of oil recovered or extracted from the shale is also a major economic factor. The study concludes that the logistics of a commercial operation and the inability to create adequate permeability and surface area by any of the three fracturing techniques evaluated appear to be limiting factors, and that current technology has little potential for technical or economic success. 25 tables, 17 figures.

Jee, C.K.; White, J.D.; Bhatia, S.K.; Nicholson, D.

1977-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Reveal the True Biology: Exploiting Single-Molecule Real-Time DNA Sequencing for Improved Microbial Assembly and Methylome Analysis ( 7th Annual SFAF Meeting, 2012)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Steve Turner's talk "Reveal the True Biology" at the 2012 Sequencing, Finishing, Analysis in the Future Meeting held June 5-7, 2012 in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Turner, Steve [Pacific Biosciences

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

P-odd, P-even, and T-odd asymmetries in true quaternary fission of nuclei  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The coefficients of P-odd, P-even, and T -odd asymmetries for a third and a fourth prescission particle emitted in the true quaternary fission of nuclei that was induced by polarized cold neutrons were studied on the basis of quantum-mechanical fission theory. By using non-evaporation (nonadiabatic) mechanisms of light-particle emission, these coefficients were compared with the analogous coefficients for prescission third particles emitted in the ternary fission of nuclei.

Kadmensky, S. G., E-mail: kadmensky@phys.vsu.ru; Titova, L. V. [Voronezh State University (Russian Federation)] [Voronezh State University (Russian Federation)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

83

Euler:=proc(f,y_true,a,b,N,alpha) local w,h,i, ptlist; w:=alpha; h:=evalf ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5.2.6. > Euler:=proc(f,y_true,a,b,N,alpha) local w,h,i, ptlist; w:=alpha; h:=evalf((b-a )/N); ptlist:=[a,w]; print(a,w,y_true(a)); for i from 0 to N-1 do w:=evalf(w+h*f(a+i*h ...

84

Analytical modeling of pulse-pileup distortion using the true pulse shape; applications to Fermi-GBM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pulse-pileup affects most photon counting systems and occurs when photon detections occur faster than the detector's registration and recovery time. At high input rates, shaped pulses interfere and the source spectrum, as well as intensity information, get distorted. For instruments using bipolar pulse shaping there are two aspects to consider: `peak' and `tail' pileup effects, which raise and lower the measured energy, respectively. Peak effects have been extensively modeled in the past. Tail effects have garnered less attention due to the increased complexity: bipolar tails mean the tail pulse-height measurement depends on events in more than one time interval. We leverage previous work to derive an accurate, semi-analytical prediction for peak and tail pileup, up to high orders. We use the true pulse shape from the detectors of the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor. The measured spectrum is calculated by writing exposure time as a state-space expansion of overlapping pileup states and is valid up to very high rates. This expansion models losses due to fixed and extendable deadtime by averaging overlap configurations. Additionally, the model correctly predicts energy-dependent losses due to tail subtraction (sub-threshold) effects. We discuss pileup losses in terms of the true rate of photon detections versus the recorded count rate.

Vandiver Chaplin; Narayana Bhat; Michael Briggs; Valerie Connaughton

2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

85

Verification of dosimetric accuracy on the TrueBeam STx: Rounded leaf effect of the high definition MLC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: The dosimetric leaf gap (DLG) in the Varian Eclipse treatment planning system is determined during commissioning and is used to model the effect of the rounded leaf-end of the multileaf collimator (MLC). This parameter attempts to model the physical difference between the radiation and light field and account for inherent leakage between leaf tips. With the increased use of single fraction high dose treatments requiring larger monitor units comes an enhanced concern in the accuracy of leakage calculations, as it accounts for much of the patient dose. This study serves to verify the dosimetric accuracy of the algorithm used to model the rounded leaf effect for the TrueBeam STx, and describes a methodology for determining best-practice parameter values, given the novel capabilities of the linear accelerator such as flattening filter free (FFF) treatments and a high definition MLC (HDMLC). Methods: During commissioning, the nominal MLC position was verified and the DLG parameter was determined using MLC-defined field sizes and moving gap tests, as is common in clinical testing. Treatment plans were created, and the DLG was optimized to achieve less than 1% difference between measured and calculated dose. The DLG value found was tested on treatment plans for all energies (6 MV, 10 MV, 15 MV, 6 MV FFF, 10 MV FFF) and modalities (3D conventional, IMRT, conformal arc, VMAT) available on the TrueBeam STx. Results: The DLG parameter found during the initial MLC testing did not match the leaf gap modeling parameter that provided the most accurate dose delivery in clinical treatment plans. Using the physical leaf gap size as the DLG for the HDMLC can lead to 5% differences in measured and calculated doses. Conclusions: Separate optimization of the DLG parameter using end-to-end tests must be performed to ensure dosimetric accuracy in the modeling of the rounded leaf ends for the Eclipse treatment planning system. The difference in leaf gap modeling versus physical leaf gap dimensions is more pronounced in the more recent versions of Eclipse for both the HDMLC and the Millennium MLC. Once properly commissioned and tested using a methodology based on treatment plan verification, Eclipse is able to accurately model radiation dose delivered for SBRT treatments using the TrueBeam STx.

Kielar, Kayla N.; Mok, Ed; Hsu, Annie; Wang Lei; Luxton, Gary [Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

86

True colours (Tye)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

chardin1@twcny.rr.com Brian P. McLaughlin Rutgers University2005): 2154–2168. McLaughlin, Brian. “Color, Consciousness,Hardin, and Brian P. McLaughlin ? Multiple Choice Pop Quiz (

Cohen, J; Hardin, C L; McLaughlin, B P

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

A true virtual window  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous research from environmental psychology shows that human well-being suffers in windowless environments in many ways and a window view of nature is psychologically and physiologically beneficial to humans. Current window substitutes, still images and video, lack three dimensional properties necessary for a realistic viewing experience ? primarily motion parallax. We present a new system using a head-coupled display and image-based rendering to simulate a photorealistic artificial window view of nature with motion parallax. Evaluation data obtained from human subjects suggest that the system prototype is a better window substitute than a static image and has significantly more positive effects on observers? moods. The test subjects judged the system prototype as a good simulation of, and acceptable replacement for, a real window, and accorded it much higher ratings for realism and preference than a static image.

Radikovic, Adrijan Silvester

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Distribution of Cold dust in Orion A and B  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large scale far-infrared (FIR) observations of the Orion complex at 205 and 138 micron are presented with an aim of studying the distribution of cold (< 25 K) dust. The maps in these FIR bands extend over approximately 3600 sq. arcmin and cover regions around OMC-1, 2, 3 in Orion A and NGC 2023 and NGC 2024 in Orion B. Some limited regions have also been mapped at 57 micron. A total of 15 sources in Orion A and 14 in Orion B (south) have been identified from our FIR maps. Dust temperature distribution in both Orion A and Orion B (south) have been determined reliably using the maps at 205 & 138 micron obtained from simultaneous observations using almost identical beams (1.6 dia). These temperatures have been used to generate map of the optical depth at 150 micron, for the Orion B region. The coldest source detected is in OMC-3 and has a temperature of about 15 K. The diffuse FIR emission in the different sub-regions is found to vary between 25% to 50% of the total FIR emission from that sub-region.

Mookerjea, B; Rengarajan, T N; Tandon, S N; Verma, R P

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Distribution of Cold dust in Orion A and B  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large scale far-infrared (FIR) observations of the Orion complex at 205 and 138 micron are presented with an aim of studying the distribution of cold (< 25 K) dust. The maps in these FIR bands extend over approximately 3600 sq. arcmin and cover regions around OMC-1, 2, 3 in Orion A and NGC 2023 and NGC 2024 in Orion B. Some limited regions have also been mapped at 57 micron. A total of 15 sources in Orion A and 14 in Orion B (south) have been identified from our FIR maps. Dust temperature distribution in both Orion A and Orion B (south) have been determined reliably using the maps at 205 & 138 micron obtained from simultaneous observations using almost identical beams (1.6 dia). These temperatures have been used to generate map of the optical depth at 150 micron, for the Orion B region. The coldest source detected is in OMC-3 and has a temperature of about 15 K. The diffuse FIR emission in the different sub-regions is found to vary between 25% to 50% of the total FIR emission from that sub-region.

B. Mookerjea; S. K. Ghosh; T. N. Rengarajan; S. N. Tandon; R. P. Verma

2000-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

90

True Recurrence Versus New Primary: An Analysis of Ipsilateral Breast Tumor Recurrences After Breast-Conserving Therapy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) can occur in 5-20% of women with early-stage breast cancer treated with breast-conserving therapy. Two entities of IBTR have been described: true recurrence (TR), suggested to be regrowth of disease at the tumor bed, and new primary (NP), distinct from the index lesion in histology and location. This study compared survival outcomes between two patient cohorts classified clinically as having either TR or NP. Methods and Materials: Between 1989 and 1999, 6,020 women were referred to the BC Cancer Agency with newly diagnosed pT1-2, N0-1, M0 invasive breast cancer, treated with breast-conserving surgery. Of these, 289 patients had pathologically confirmed IBTR. Retrospective analysis was performed, and a set of decision rules was applied to classify cases as TR or NP based on change in histology, grade, hormone receptor status, and tumor location. Of 289 patients, 129 (45%) were classified as having TR and 139 (48%) as having NP; 21 (7%) were unclassified. Results: The distributions of age at diagnosis, age at recurrence, and histopathologic factors were similar in the TR and NP cohorts (all p > 0.05). The mean time to recurrence was shorter in TR patients than in NP patients (4.8 years vs. 6.3 years, p = 0.001). Treatment of the IBTR did not differ between the two groups. In the TR and NP cohorts, breast cancer-specific survival was 55.7% vs. 61.3% (p = 0.93), and overall survival was 43.7% vs. 54.8% (p = 0.53). Conclusions: Time to recurrence is significantly shorter in patients with IBTR classified as true recurrence compared to new primary. Non-statistically significant trends for less favorable survival were observed for patients with TR. Further investigation of the hypothesis that TR and NP tumors are distinct entities with different survival prognoses will require standardized pathology review and molecular analyses.

Panet-Raymond, Valerie [Department of Radiation Oncology, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver Island Centre, BC (Canada); Population Outcomes Unit, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver Island Centre, BC (Canada); Truong, Pauline T., E-mail: ptruong@bccancer.bc.ca [Department of Radiation Oncology, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver Island Centre, BC (Canada); Population Outcomes Unit, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver Island Centre, BC (Canada); University of British Columbia, BC (Canada); McDonald, Rachel E.; Alexander, Cheryl [Population Outcomes Unit, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver Island Centre, BC (Canada); Ross, Louetta [Department of Radiation Oncology, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver Island Centre, BC (Canada); Ryhorchuk, Aleata [Population Outcomes Unit, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver Island Centre, BC (Canada); Tumor Tissue Repository, Deeley Research Centre and Vancouver Island Centre, British Columbia Cancer Agency, BC (Canada); Watson, Peter H. [Tumor Tissue Repository, Deeley Research Centre and Vancouver Island Centre, British Columbia Cancer Agency, BC (Canada); University of British Columbia, BC (Canada)

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Summary of the environmental monitoring at the Rock Springs, Wyoming Site No. 9, true in situ oil shale retorting experiment  

SciTech Connect

The environmental effects and needed control technology associated with the potential in-situ retorting of oil shale in the Green River Basin (near Rock Springs, Wyoming) has been studied for over four years. This environmental monitoring program has included previous and existing in-situ oil-shale retorting field experiments and baseline data collection for potential future retorting experiments. The most extensive environmetal monitoring effort is at Rock Springs Site No. 9, a true in-situ oil-shale retorting field experiment which was ignited April 5, 1976. The purpose of this monitoring program was to identify any significant changes in the hydrology, air quality, and soils. Data have been collected during the pre-operational (baseline) and operational phases and continues to be collected during the post-operational phase. This report presents the results of the environmental monitoring conducted in support of the LETC Rock Springs No. 9 field experiment and the entire DOE oil shale program. 18 figures, 8 tables.

Virgona, J.E.; Poulson, R.E.; Spedding, T.J.

1979-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Probabilities for the emission of light particles and their energy and angular distributions for true quaternary nuclear fission  

SciTech Connect

On the basis of quantum-mechanical fission theory, the features of true quaternary nuclear fission are studied by treating this fission process as a sequence of three processes following one another in the course of time. The first two processes are the escape of the first and then the second of the two light particles emitted from the neck of a fissioning nucleus because of a nonadiabatic character of the collective deformation motion of this nucleus. Finally, the third process is the separation of the fissioning nucleus into two rather heavy fission fragments. The differences that arise in the emission probabilities and in the angular and energy distributions upon going over from the first emitted to the second emitted prescission third and fourth particles are analyzed by invoking experimental data on the spontaneous and thermalneutron-induced fission of nuclei, and it is shown that these differences are caused by the changes both in the geometric configuration of the fissioning nucleus and in the shell structure of its neck after the first prescission particle is emitted from it.

Kadmensky, S. G., E-mail: kadmensky@phys.vsu.ru; Titova, L. V. [Voronezh State University (Russian Federation)] [Voronezh State University (Russian Federation)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

93

Prospecting for Heavy Elements with Future Far-IR/Submillimeter Observatories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To understand the cosmic history of element synthesis it will be important to obtain extinction-free measures of the heavy element contents of high-redshift objects and to chart two monumental events: the collapse of the first metal-free clouds to form stars, and the initial seeding of the universe with dust. The information needed to achieve these objectives is uniquely available in the far-infrared/submillimeter (FIR/SMM) spectral region. Following the Decadal Report and anticipating the development of the Single Aperture Far-IR (SAFIR) telescope and FIR/SMM interferometry, we estimate the measurement capabilities of a large-aperture, background-limited FIR/SMM observatory and an interferometer on a boom, and discuss how such instruments could be used to measure the element synthesis history of the universe.

Leisawitz, D T; Kashlinsky, A; Lawrence, C R; Mather, J C; Moseley, S H; Rinehart, S A; Silverberg, R F; Yorke, H W

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Modelling the spectral energy distribution of galaxies from the ultraviolet to submillimeter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present results from a new modelling technique which can account for the observed optical/NIR - FIR/submm spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of normal star-forming galaxies in terms of a minimum number of essential parameters specifying the star-formation history and geometrical distribution of stars and dust. The model utilises resolved optical/NIR images to constrain the old stellar population and associated dust, and geometry-sensitive colour information in the FIR/submm to constrain the spatial distributions of young stars and associated dust. It is successfully applied to the edge-on spirals NGC891 and NGC5907. In both cases the young stellar population powers the bulk of the FIR/sub-mm emission. The model also accounts for the observed surface brightness distribution and large-scale radial brightness profiles in NGC891 as determined using the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) at 170 and 200 mcrions and at 850 micron using SCUBA.

Cristina C. Popescu; Richard J. Tuffs

2002-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

95

The Weapons of the "True Warfaring Christian": Right Reason and Free Will in Seventeenth-Century Literature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Milton writes in Areopagitica of the "true warfaring Christian" who can "apprehend and consider vice with all her baits and seeming pleasures, and yet abstain, and yet distinguish, and yet prefer that which is truly better." Though many reformers saw both human nature and the faculty of reason as depraved after the fall, Milton and other radical writers in the period emphasized the role that reason can and should play in the experience of spiritual warfare. The dissertation therefore begins by considering the theological contexts within which writers of the English Reformation understood evil and human encounters with evil, especially in the form of temptations, but also in the form of disturbing dreams and satanic presences. It then considers some epistemological problems as related to the experience of such conflicts: reason, especially right reason; knowledge, conscience and memory; and free will. Focusing on the texts of John Milton, Aemilia Lanyer, Richard Norwood, and John Bunyan, this study shows that these radical religious writers refuse to conform to the general tendency in Reformation theology to discount the use of reason. Eve's dream in Milton's Paradise Lost reveals the proper use of right reason in spiritual warfare, while the actual temptation scenes in Paradise Lost and Lanyer's Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum point to a fundamental failure of reason in the fall. Norwood's Confessions, Milton's Comus, and Milton's Samson Agonistes portray the triumphs of human reason over evil and temptation, though there remains an awareness of the constraints placed upon reason by their fallen nature such that reason needs the aid of divine grace to function as right reason. Milton's Paradise Regained and Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress point to the extraordinary victories gained by Christ and Christian through the use of right reason and memory to direct the will toward the highest goods. These texts offer a counter-voice to those who would dismiss the possibilities of the powers of right reason. Despite the awareness of the inherent limits of fallen reason, these radical reformists generally find reason an indispensable tool in spiritual battles that helps direct their wills to the highest good.

Bradley, Nancy R.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

The Characterization of Extreme Episodes of Wet and Dry Deposition of Pollutants on an Above Cloud-Base Forest during its Growing Season  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of a 3-yr database (1986–88) acquired new Mount Mitchell (35°44?05?N, 82°17?15?W, 2038 m MSL) where the forest consists primarily of Fraser fir and some red spruce stands is presented. The site was immersed in clouds for 28%–41% of ...

T. P. DeFelice; V. K. Saxena

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Common and Scientific Names Table D1 Common and scientific names as referred to in document.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Green-winged teal Anas crecca Horned lark Eremophila alpestris Lazuli bunting Passerina amoena Lewis tenebrosus Red-legged frog Rana aurora Western toad Bufo boreas COMMON SCIENTIFIC MAMMALS American beaver Red alder Alnus rubra Russian olive Elaeagnus angustifolia Sitka spruce Picea sitchensis Subalpine fir

98

Technical Report -DTU -Informatics and Mathematical Modeling (May 31, 2007) Temperature Prediction in District  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prediction in District Heating Systems with cFIR models Pierre Pinson , Torben S. Nielsen, Henrik Aa. Nielsen, Lyngby, Denmark Abstract Current methodologies for the optimal operation of district heating systems regularization. Results are given for the test case of the Roskilde district heating system, over a period

99

Alternative Chemicals and Improved Disposal-End Management Practices for CCA-treated Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FOR SOLID AND HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT 2207 NW 13 Street, Suite D Gainesville, FL 32609 Report #00-03 #12 Florida Power and Light GWGC Groundwater Guidance Concentrations HF Hem Fir DDAC Didecyl Dimethyl Ammonium emissions have been experimentally determined by other researchers with varying results. Two full- scale

Florida, University of

100

Original article Belowground biomass and nutrient content in a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Original article Belowground biomass and nutrient content in a 47-year-old Douglas-fir plantation, France (Received 17 July 2000; accepted 6 October 2000) Abstract ­ Biomass and nutrient content and root biomass or nutrient content were observed. The root biomass was 58 t of dry matter, which was 18

Recanati, Catherine

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Infrared reflectance and transmission spectra in II-VI alloys and superlattices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Room temperature measurements of the far-infrared (FIR) reflectance spectra are reported for the polar optical phonons in a series of bulk Cd[subscript x]Zn[subscript 1?x]Te (0 ? x ? 1) and CdSe[subscript x]Te[subscript ...

Talwar, Devki N.

102

Tree-Ring-Based Reconstruction of Precipitation in the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming, since 1260 a.d  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cores and cross sections from 79 Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) and limber pine (Pinus flexilis) trees at four sites in the Bighorn Basin of north-central Wyoming and south-central Montana were used to develop a proxy for annual (June–June) ...

Stephen T. Gray; Christopher L. Fastie; Stephen T. Jackson; Julio L. Betancourt

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Identification of Wiener systems with binary-valued output observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work is concerned with identification of Wiener systems whose outputs are measured by binary-valued sensors. The system consists of a linear FIR (finite impulse response) subsystem of known order, followed by a nonlinear function with a known parametrization ... Keywords: Binary-valued observations, Identification, Joint identifiability, Parameter estimation, Periodic inputs, Sensor thresholds, Wiener systems

Yanlong Zhao; Le Yi Wang; G. George Yin; Ji-Feng Zhang

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Occasional Papers in Sociology and Anthropology - Volume 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of its climate. Forests between an altitude of about 2.600 m and the limit for trees at about 5000 m, consists mainly conifers (fir, spruce, blue pinel with some hardwood (oak and hemlock). 'The forest of the Hills lying between 300 m and 2,600 m varies...

Central Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Oregon State University Sun Grant Western Regional Center  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to produce much-needed biofuels, supply valuable bioproducts, utilize waste streams and create jobs in rural biomass into various products. This approach will diversify the value of forest biomass. Progress to Date performed tests on Douglas fir and hybrid poplar biomass to identify the effect of pretreatment conditions

Tullos, Desiree

106

OneTouch 4.0 Scanned Documents  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

s t part (Fig . 7a ); male wi th terminal e lements o f fir s t p leopod bent at r ight ang les t o s ha f t of appe ndage (Fig. 7c ) ; annulus ve n tra l i s of f ema le with...

107

Feasibility of High-Density Climate Reconstruction Based on Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) Collected Tree-Ring Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study introduces a novel tree-ring dataset, with unparalleled spatial density, for use as a climate proxy. Ancillary Douglas fir and pińon pine tree-ring data collected by the U.S. Forest Service Forest Inventory and Analysis Program (FIA ...

R. Justin DeRose; Shih-Yu Wang; John D. Shaw

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

A unified optimization framework for equalization filter synthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a novel method for jointly optimizing FIR filters for pre-equalization, decision feedback equalization, and near-end crosstalk cancellation. The unified optimization problem is a linear program, and we describe sparse matrix techniques for ... Keywords: crosstalk, equalizing filters, linear programming, optimal synthesis

Jihong Ren; Mark Greenstreet

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Liste de publications I tFEwF uelifD gF outiD tF qltierD iF eltmn et fF pourestiF rods et quipements d9llotions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FEpF vlnde et gF outiF usiEoptiml ndwidth llotion for multiEspot wphwe stellites F hns IEEE Infocom @wimi stellite network F pport tehnique ERRPID sxseD mrs PHHPF RI gF outiD iF eltmn et tF qltierF yn firness

Touati, Corinne

110

Sublimation of Intercepted Snow within a Subalpine Forest Canopy at Two Elevations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To determine how elevation affects the sublimation rate from intercepted snow within a subalpine forest canopy, a cut subalpine fir and an artificial conifer were weighed at each of two elevations (3230 and 2920 m) at a U.S. continental site (39°...

James Montesi; Kelly Elder; R. A. Schmidt; Robert E. Davis

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Fast discrete Fourier transform computations using the reduced adder graph technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It has recently been shown that the n-dimensional reduced adder graph (RAG-n) technique is beneficial for many DSP applications such as for FIR and IIR filters, where multipliers can be grouped in multiplier blocks. This paper highlights ...

Uwe Meyer-Bäse; Hariharan Natarajan; Andrew G. Dempster

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

A polyphase filter for GPUs and multi-core processors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Software radio telescopes are a new development in radio astronomy. Rather than using expensive dishes, they form distributed sensor networks of tens of thousands of simple receivers. Signals are processed in software instead of custom-built hardware, ... Keywords: CUDA, FIR filter, LOFAR, MicroGrid, OpenCL, digital signal processing, polyphase filter, radio astronomy

Karel van der Veldt; Rob van Nieuwpoort; Ana Lucia Varbanescu; Chris Jesshope

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Are software engineers true engineers?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Software engineering is an often used term to describe the activities, methods, and tools of large scale software development. There is an ongoing discussion whether Software Engineering can be considered as an engineering discipline. In ...

Claus Lewerentz; Heinrich Rust

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Satellite Measures Sun's True Power  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment (SORCE), a satellite mission of ... and accurate daily measurements of the sun's radiant power (or light ...

2010-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

115

A study of NO{sub x} reduction by fuel injection recirculation. Topical report, January 1995--May 1995  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Flue-gas recirculation (FGR) is a well-known method used to control oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub x}) in industrial burner applications. Recent small- and large-scale experiments by Carnot (Tustin, CA) have shown that introducing the recirculated flue gases with the fuel results in a much greater reduction in NO{sub x}, per unit mass of gas recirculated, in comparison to introducing the flue gases with the combustion air. That fuel injection recirculation (FIR) is more effective than windbox FGR is quite remarkable. At present, however, there is no definitive understanding of why FIR is more effective than conventional FGR. One speculation is that introducing the diluent gases on the fuel side of the flame affects the prompt-NO mechanism causing the greater effectiveness. The objective of our research is to ascertain whether or not chemical and/or molecular transport effects alone can explain the differences in NO{sub x} reduction observed between FIR and FGR. This knowledge will aid in the rational application and optimization of FIR in a wide variety of industrial applications. A combined modeling and experimental program is in progress to achieve the research objectives. This report discusses computer modeling studies of counterflow diffusion flames employing detailed chemical kinetics for fuel (hydrogen or methane) combustion and NO{sub x} formation. These simulations allow the calculation of NO{sub x} emission indices for a wide range of conditions. Parametric studies were conducted in which the diluent was added either on the fuel or air side of the flame for a wide range of flow conditions. Preliminary results from these simulation studies indicate that a major factor in FIR effectiveness is the differential effect on flame zone residence times associated with fuel-side versus air-side dilution.

Turns, S.R.; Feese, J.J.; Frenklach, M.Y.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Solar-Powered Robot Swarm Could Clean Oil : Discovery News http://news.discovery.com/tech/solar-powered-ocean-robots-clean-oil.html?print=true[8/30/2010 8:28:06 AM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar-Powered Robot Swarm Could Clean Oil : Discovery News http://news.discovery.com/tech/solar-powered-ocean-robots-clean-oil.html?print=true[8/30/2010 8:28:06 AM] Solar-Powered Robot Swarm Could Clean Oil Oil-absorbing nanomaterial a new solar-powered robot prototype equipped with nanotechnology designed by researchers at MIT

Rock, Chris

117

Junipers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Junipers Junipers Nature Bulletin No. 362-A December 13, 1969 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation JUNIPERS Many years ago, on a farm in hilly regions of the Middle West, the Christmas tree was apt to be a "cedar" selected from those that punctuated the hillsides and pastures. According to the notebooks kept by the first surveyors of Cook County, in the 1830' s, there were cedars here. If we had them now they would not only add character and beauty to the landscape, especially in winter, but also furnish food and cover for many birds and small mammals. Actually, this tree is a juniper, known commercially and in tree books as Eastern Redcedar. The name "cedar" is very confusing. Instead of being used for one type of evergreen -- such as pine, spruce, fir or hemlock -- it has been applied to junipers, whitecedars, cypresses and other kinds of trees. None of the true cedars is native to this country but the Cedar of Lebanon, the Atlas Cedar from the mountains of North Africa, and the Deodar of "god tree" of the Himalayas have been extensively planted for ornamental purposes.

118

Document  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

586 586 Federal Register / Vol. 64, No. 143 / Tuesday, July 27, 1999 / Notices Telephone: (202) 205-9817. If you use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD), you may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1- 800-877-8339. However, the Department is not able to reproduce in an alternate format the standard forms included in the application package. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Sylvia Johnson, U.S. Department of Education, 400 Maryland Avenue, SW. (room 3318, Switzer Building), Washington, DC 20202-2649. Telephone (202) 205-9312. If you use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD), you may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1- 800-877-8339. Individuals with disabilities may obtain this document in an alternate format (e.g., Braille, large print,

119

Native Evergreens  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evergreens Evergreens Nature Bulletin No. 173-A December 12, 1964 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation NATIVE EVERGREENS There are few native evergreens in this region. Your Christmas tree -- unless it is one of those glistening imitations -- is likely to be a young spruce, balsam fir, or Scotch pine from Wisconsin, Michigan, Minnesota or Canada, perhaps a Douglas fir from the northwest. Long years ago, at Christmas time in many parts of rural Illinois, it was customary to search the hillsides and pastures for a well-shaped young cedar to be brought home as a Christmas tree. Or, if there was none, a young oak. They were decorated with strings of popcorn, cranberries and tinsel, chains of colored paper, and lighted with candles wired to the branches.

120

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

71 - 5080 of 31,917 results. 71 - 5080 of 31,917 results. Download PMCDP_Newsletter_February_2011_SHR.pdf http://energy.gov/management/downloads/pmcdpnewsletterfebruary2011shrpdf Download February 2011 PMCDP Newsletter http://energy.gov/management/downloads/february-2011-pmcdp-newsletter Article Researchers Borrow From Fir Tree to Create Biodiesel Researchers at the Office of Science's Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) have tapped an unlikely source to help create a renewable alternative to diesel fuel. http://energy.gov/articles/researchers-borrow-fir-tree-create-biodiesel Download Flash2011-30(1).pdf http://energy.gov/management/downloads/flash2011-301pdf Download EA-1557: Final Environmental Assessment National Security Test Range http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/ea-1557-final-environmental-assessment

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Advanced Blade Manufacturing Project - Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The original scope of the project was to research improvements to the processes and materials used in the manufacture of wood-epoxy blades, conduct tests to qualify any new material or processes for use in blade design and subsequently build and test six blades using the improved processes and materials. In particular, ABM was interested in reducing blade cost and improving quality. In addition, ABM needed to find a replacement material for the mature Douglas fir used in the manufacturing process. The use of mature Douglas fir is commercially unacceptable because of its limited supply and environmental concerns associated with the use of mature timber. Unfortunately, the bankruptcy of FloWind in June 1997 and a dramatic reduction in AWT sales made it impossible for ABM to complete the full scope of work. However, sufficient research and testing were completed to identify several promising changes in the blade manufacturing process and develop a preliminary design incorporating these changes.

POORE, ROBERT Z.

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Vibration mitigation in J-TEXT far-infrared diagnostic systems  

SciTech Connect

Optical structure stability is an important issue for far-infrared (FIR) phase measurements. To ensure good signal quality, influence of vibration should be minimized. Mechanical amelioration and optical optimization can be taken in turn to decrease vibration's influence and ensure acceptable measurement. J-TEXT (Joint Texal Experiment Tokamak, formerly TEXT-U) has two FIR diagnostic systems: a HCN interferometer system for electron density measurement and a three-wave polarimeter-interferometer system (POLARIS) for electron density and Faraday effect measurements. All use phase detection techniques. HCN interferometer system has almost eliminated the influence of vibration after mechanical amelioration and optical optimization. POLARIS also obtained first experimental results after mechanical stability improvements and is expected to further reduce vibration's influence on Faraday angle to 0.1 Degree-Sign after optical optimization.

Li, Q.; Chen, J.; Zhuang, G.; Wang, Z. J.; Gao, L.; Chen, W. [State Key Laboratory of Advanced Electromagnetic Engineering and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

123

GREEN BANK TELESCOPE DETECTION OF POLARIZATION-DEPENDENT H I ABSORPTION AND H I OUTFLOWS IN LOCAL ULIRGs AND QUASARS  

SciTech Connect

We present the results of a 21 cm H I survey of 27 local massive gas-rich late-stage mergers and merger remnants with the Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope. These remnants were selected from the Quasar/ULIRG Evolution Study sample of ultraluminous infrared galaxies (ULIRGs; L{sub 8{sub -{sub 1000{sub {mu}m}}}} > 10{sup 12} L{sub Sun }) and quasars; our targets are all bolometrically dominated by active galactic nuclei (AGNs) and sample the later phases of the proposed ULIRG-to-quasar evolutionary sequence. We find the prevalence of H I absorption (emission) to be 100% (29%) in ULIRGs with H I detections, 100% (88%) in FIR-strong quasars, and 63% (100%) in FIR-weak quasars. The absorption features are associated with powerful neutral outflows that change from being mainly driven by star formation in ULIRGs to being driven by the AGN in the quasars. These outflows have velocities that exceed 1500 km s{sup -1} in some cases. Unexpectedly, we find polarization-dependent H I absorption in 57% of our spectra (88% and 63% of the FIR-strong and FIR-weak quasars, respectively). We attribute this result to absorption of polarized continuum emission from these sources by foreground H I clouds. About 60% of the quasars displaying polarized spectra are radio-loud, far higher than the {approx}10% observed in the general AGN population. This discrepancy suggests that radio jets play an important role in shaping the environments in these galaxies. These systems may represent a transition phase in the evolution of gas-rich mergers into ''mature'' radio galaxies.

Teng, Stacy H. [Observational Cosmology Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Veilleux, Sylvain [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Baker, Andrew J., E-mail: stacy.h.teng@nasa.gov [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers, State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States)

2013-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

124

BASIC STUDIES IN MAGNETO-HYDRODYNAMICS. Final Report, May 1, 1957 to October 31, 1961  

SciTech Connect

The research described was directed toward obtaining a basic understanding of magnetohydrodynamics. The initial studies led to three possible applications for magnetohydrodynamics which in turn led to three categories of research. The fir st application appeared in connection with the problem of high- aItitude, very high velocity flight. The second application was plasma propulsion. The third category was the production of a very high temperature collision-free plasma. (auth)

Patrick, R.M.

1961-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

European Customs & Trade Welcome to the twenty-first  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

... 3,543 3,775 5,845 Azerbaijan Total 1 1 1 8 61 60 69 406 0 0 0 0 R 0 0 0 0 R - fir or spruce 0 0 0 0 species ... 170 186 147 ... 13,803 15,626 17,470 ... 34 32 30 ... 6,004 5,426 5,505 Azerbaijan Total 0 0 0

126

The Starburst Contribution to the Extra-Galactic Gamma-Ray Background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cosmic ray protons interacting with gas at the mean density of the interstellar medium in starburst galaxies lose energy rapidly via inelastic collisions with ambient nuclei. The resulting pions produce secondary electrons and positrons, high-energy neutrinos, and gamma-ray photons. We estimate the cumulative gamma-ray emission from starburst galaxies. We find a total integrated background above 100 MeV of F_gamma ~ 10^{-6} GeV/cm^2/s/sr and a corresponding specific intensity at GeV energies of nuI_nu ~ 10^{-7} GeV/cm^2/s/sr. Starbursts may thus account for a significant fraction of the extra-galactic $\\gamma$-ray background. We show that the FIR-radio correlation provides a strong constraint on the gamma-ray emission from starburst galaxies because pions decay into both gamma-rays and radio-emitting electron/positron pairs. We identify several nearby systems where the potential for observing gamma-ray emission is the most favorable (M82, NGC 253, and IC 342), predict their fluxes, and predict a linear FIR-gamma-ray correlation for the densest starbursts. If established, the FIR-gamma-ray correlation would provide strong evidence for the ``calorimeter'' theory of the FIR-radio correlation and would imply that cosmic rays in starburst galaxies interact with gas at approximately the mean density of the interstellar medium (ISM), thereby providing an important constraint on the physics of the ISM in starbursts.

Todd A. Thompson; Eliot Quataert; Eli Waxman

2006-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

127

Idaho Panhandle National Forests  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Forests. The RNA features vegetation on dry cliffs that are embedded in mid-elevation moist western hemlock/western redcedar/grand fir forests. Immediately below the cliffs is riparian habitat that supports many wetland species, including a disjunct west coast moss, Ulota megalospora, whose first known occurrence in Idaho is in this RNA. This establishment report documents the boundaries of the RNA, the objectives for the RNA, its features, description of

United States; Forest Service; Priest River; Experimental Forest; Dennis E. Ferguson; Arthur C. Zack Ferguson; Dennis E. Zack

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Occupational Health & Safety Annual Report 2000: Injury & Illness in the Electric Energy Workforce, 1995-1999  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI has established an ongoing health and safety database that is designed to provide more precise and detailed information about workplace injury and illness occurrence. Electric energy company health and safety professionals can use this information for establishing and evaluating injury prevention programs. The database provides the capability for epidemiological monitoring, annual injury/illness reporting, program evaluation, and occupational health and injury research. This report presents the firs...

2000-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

129

Index of /research/alcator/facility/Procedures/DIAGNOSTICS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DIAGNOSTICS DIAGNOSTICS [ICO] Name Last modified Size Description [DIR] Parent Directory - [ ] DNB Emergency Off Procedures42208.pdf 22-Apr-2008 15:58 73K [ ] DNB Emergency Off Procedures reva.pdf 04-Dec-2008 07:02 74K [ ] DNB Interim Safety Procedures050608.pdf 06-May-2008 14:11 1.2M [ ] FIR Laser Pumpout Procedure Rev 1.00.pdf 23-Apr-2008 16:05 22K [ ] FIR Laser Startup Procedure Rev 1.00.pdf 23-Apr-2008 16:05 29K [ ] FIR Laser Venting Procedure Rev 1.00.pdf 23-Apr-2008 16:05 22K [ ] Safety procedure for deuterium DNB operation.pdf 09-Jul-2003 13:01 8.2K [TXT] Safety procedure for deuterium DNB operation.txt 09-Jul-2003 13:01 4.5K [ ] TCI Window Cleaning.pdf 07-May-2003 14:32 62K [TXT] TCI Window Cleaning.txt 06-May-2003 14:38 3.2K

130

Infrared Emission from the Nearby Cool Core Cluster Abell 2597  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We observed the brightest central galaxy (BCG) in the nearby (z=0.0821) cool core galaxy cluster Abell 2597 with the IRAC and MIPS instruments on board the Spitzer Space Telescope. The BCG was clearly detected in all Spitzer bandpasses, including the 70 and 160 micron wavebands. We report aperture photometry of the BCG. The spectral energy distribution exhibits a clear excess in the FIR over a Rayleigh-Jeans stellar tail, indicating a star formation rate of ~4-5 solar masses per year, consistent with the estimates from the UV and its H-alpha luminosity. This large FIR luminosity is consistent with that of a starburst or a Luminous Infrared Galaxy (LIRG), but together with a very massive and old population of stars that dominate the energy output of the galaxy. If the dust is at one temperature, the ratio of 70 to 160 micron fluxes indicate that the dust emitting mid-IR in this source is somewhat hotter than the dust emitting mid-IR in two BCGs at higher-redshift (z~0.2-0.3) and higher FIR luminosities observed earlier by Spitzer, in clusters Abell 1835 and Zwicky 3146.

Megan Donahue; Andres Jordan; Stefi A. Baum; Patrick Cote; Laura Ferrarese; Paul Goudfrooij; Duccio Macchetto; Christopher P. O'Dea; James E. Pringle; James E. Rhoads; William B. Sparks; G. Mark Voit

2007-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

131

Modelling the ultraviolet/submillimeter spectral energy distributions of normal galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give an overview of the factors shaping the ultraviolet (UV)/optical - far-infrared (FIR)/submillimeter (submm) spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of normal (non-starburst) galaxies. Particular emphasis is placed on the influen ce of the geometry of dust and stars on the propagation of light through the int erstellar medium. Although strong constraints can be placed on the amount and la rge scale distribution of dust in disks from the appearance of the galaxies in t he optical/UV range, this dust does not account for the observed amplitude and c olour of the FIR/submm radiation. Additional, optically thick components of dust associated with the young stellar population on large and small scales are requ ired to account for the complete UV/optical - FIR/submm SEDs. Self-consistent mo dels for the calculation of SEDs of spiral galaxies are reviewed, and their pred ictions for the dust emission and the attenuation of starlight are compared and contrasted.

Cristina C. Popescu; Richard J. Tuffs

2005-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

132

Far infrared mapping of three Galactic star forming regions W3(OH), S 209 & S 187  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three Galactic star forming regions associated with W3(OH), S209 and S187 have been simultaneously mapped in two trans-IRAS far infrared (FIR) bands centered at ~ 140 and 200 micron using the TIFR 100 cm balloon borne FIR telescope. These maps show extended FIR emission with structures. The HIRES processed IRAS maps of these regions at 12, 25, 60 & 100 micron have also been presented for comparison. Point-like sources have been extracted from the longest waveband TIFR maps and searched for associations in the other five bands. The diffuse emission from these regions have been quantified, which turns out to be a significant fraction of the total emission. The spatial distribution of cold dust (T < 30 K) for two of these sources (W3(OH) & S209), has been determined reliably from the maps in TIFR bands. The dust temperature and optical depth maps show complex morphology. In general the dust around S209 has been found to be warmer than that in W3(OH) region.

Ghosh, S K; Rengarajan, T N; Tandon, S N; Verma, R P

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Far infrared mapping of three Galactic star forming regions : W3(OH), S 209 & S 187  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three Galactic star forming regions associated with W3(OH), S209 and S187 have been simultaneously mapped in two trans-IRAS far infrared (FIR) bands centered at ~ 140 and 200 micron using the TIFR 100 cm balloon borne FIR telescope. These maps show extended FIR emission with structures. The HIRES processed IRAS maps of these regions at 12, 25, 60 & 100 micron have also been presented for comparison. Point-like sources have been extracted from the longest waveband TIFR maps and searched for associations in the other five bands. The diffuse emission from these regions have been quantified, which turns out to be a significant fraction of the total emission. The spatial distribution of cold dust (T < 30 K) for two of these sources (W3(OH) & S209), has been determined reliably from the maps in TIFR bands. The dust temperature and optical depth maps show complex morphology. In general the dust around S209 has been found to be warmer than that in W3(OH) region.

S. K. Ghosh; B. Mookerjea; T. N. Rengarajan; S. N. Tandon; R. P. Verma

2001-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

134

Infrared Properties of z=7 Galaxies from Cosmological Simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three-dimensional panchromatic dust radiative transfer calculations are performed on a set of 198 galaxies of stellar masses in the range 5x10^8-3x10^10 Msun from a cosmological hydrodynamic simulation (resolved at 29pc/h) at z=7. In a companion paper (Kimm & Cen), the stellar mass and UV luminosity functions, and UV-optical and FUV-NUV colors are shown to be in good agreement with observations, if an SMC-type dust extinction curve is adopted. Here we make useful predictions, self-consistently, of the infrared properties of these z=7 simulated galaxies that can be confronted with upcoming ALMA data. Our findings are as follows. (1) The effective radius in the rest-frame MIPS 70 micron band is in the range of 80-400pc proper for z=7 galaxies with L_FIR=10^{11.3-12}Lsun. (2) The median of the peak wavelength of the far-infrared (FIR) spectral energy distribution is in the range of 45-60 micron, depending on the dust-to-metal ratio. (3) For star formation rate in the range 3-100 Msun/yr the median FIR to bol...

Cen, Renyue

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

The True Mettle of Paul E. Queneau  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 26, 2012... the Bronze Star, the Army Commendation Medal, and the European ... to modernize technology, save energy, and protect the environment.”

136

What Is the True Value of Forecasts?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding the economic value of weather and climate forecasts is of tremendous practical importance. Traditional models that have attempted to gauge forecast value have focused on a best-case scenario, in which forecast users are assumed to ...

Antony Millner

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

tence 'This sentence is not true - Springer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In such cases, satisfaction of the aforementioned condition is no longer trivial. It should now be pretty obvious why none of the following stip- ulative definitions ...

138

Submillimetre observations of luminous z>4 radio-quiet quasars and the contribution of AGN to the submm source population  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present sensitive 850 micron SCUBA photometry of a statistically-complete sample of six of the most luminous, z>4 radio-quiet quasars, reaching noise levels comparable with the deep blank sky surveys. One quasar (BR2237-0607; z=4.55) is detected at 850micron with a flux of 5.0mJy (4.5sigma), whilst a second (BR0019-1522; z=4.52) has a detection at the 2 sigma level. When combined with our previous millimetre measurements of z>4 quasars, we find that there is a large range (5--10) in far infrared (FIR) luminosity at fixed UV luminosity, and that the typical quasar has a L_FIR and mass of cool (50K) dust similar to that of the archetyepal low redshift (z=0.018) ultraluminous IRAS} galaxy Arp220. If one assumes a fiducial FIR luminosity of 5x10^12 Lsun for for all quasars with M_B<-23, we find that around 15 per cent of the sources in the SCUBA deep surveys could be classical broad-lined radio-quiet AGN. Thus if one considers the observed ratio of Seyfert II to Seyfert I galaxies at low redshift and any contribution from totally optically obscured AGN, a significant fraction of the SCUBA source population will harbour AGN and hence the inferred star formation rates from submm fluxes may be overestimated if the active nuclei are bolometrically dominant or the IMF is top heavy.

Richard G. McMahon; Robert S. Priddey; Alain Omont; Ignas Snellen; Stafford Withington

1999-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

139

I  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

neutron scattering shows magnetic excitation neutron scattering shows magnetic excitation mechanism at work in new materials. I n 2008, tHe totally unexpecteD discov- erY oF A New clAss oF suPercoNductors, the iroN PNictides, set oFF A Feverish international effort to understand them. the instruments and scientists at hFir and sNs are leaders in exploring these exotic materials, scan- ning the subatomic details of their structures and

140

C:\Eco-SSLs\Check of Attachment 4-1\Draft Final December 2004\Text\Eco-SSL Attachment 4-1 v5.wpd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Guidance for Developing Ecological Soil Screening Levels (Eco-SSLs) Exposure Factors and Bioaccumulation Models for Derivation of Wildlife Eco-SSLs OSWER Directive 9285.7-55 Issued November 2003 Revised February 2005 This page intentionally left blank i TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 - 1 1.1 Basic Equations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 - 1 1.2 Dealing with Variability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 - 2 2.0 CALCULATION OF GROUP-SPECIFIC ECO-SSLs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 - 1 2.1 Food Ingestion Rate (FIR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 - 1 2.2 Soil Intake (P s ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 - 2 3.0 ESTIMATING BIOACCUMULATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Original articles: Intelligent multichannel sensors for pulse wave analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aortic pulse wave velocity is an independent predictive indicator for all cause mortality and cardiovascular morbidity. Unfortunately it is only invasively accessible and thus the A. carotis-A. femoralis pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) is recommended as ... Keywords: Arterial stiffness, BP, Cardiovascular risk, ECG, Electrocardiography, FIR, ICA, INA, Idxao, Idxo, Idxs, LED, PTT, PW, PWV, Pulse transit time, Pulse wave velocity, SD, cfPWV, dBP, p'(Idxo), p'(Idxs), p(Idxo), p(Idxs), sBP

S. Rosenkranz; C. Mayer; J. Kropf; S. Wassertheurer

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Tika of Vinitadeva  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

>.n ~'1+r;:;Hff'l I ff[fT :qer~f'l , ~ ar;:crcf~ ~~ffT l:1''fir:~ rmr]~f~f+r~ j(t;:,,!(~, U:ilfq'~f:9' ~rf!f [~'t] ~f;:[i1f+rftI 9'ia­ [~~tl:1'] 31'fq~' ~ I ~fl:1' [~˘] ~f...

unknown

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Modeling data with multiple time dimensions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A large class of problems in time series analysis can be represented by a set of overlapping time series with different starting times. These time series may be treated as different probes of the same underlying process. Such probes may follow a characteristic ... Keywords: Dendrochronology, Douglas fir, Dual-time dynamics, El Malpais, Generalized additive models, Global climate change, Non-linear dynamics, Non-linear modeling, Pinon pine, Ponderosa pine, Portfolio forecasting, Retail lending, SETI@home, Scenario-based forecasting, Search for extraterrestrial intelligence, Time series, Tree rings

Joseph L. Breeden

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Pilot plant studies of the bioconversion of cellulose and production of ethanol  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Progress is reported in several areas of research. The following cellulosic raw materials were selected for study: wheat, barley, and rice straws, rice hulls, sorghum, corn stover, cotton gin trash, newsprint, ground wood, and masonite steam-treated Douglas fir and redwood. Samples were collected, prepared, and analyzed for hexosans, pentosans, lignin, ash, and protein. Results of acid extraction and enzymatic hydrolysis are discussed. Yields of glucose, polyglucose, xylose, and arabinose are reported. Progress in process design and economic studies, as well as pilot plant process development and design studies, is summarized. (JGB)

Wilke, C.R.

1977-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

145

A DUAL MODALITY SYSTEM FOR HIGH RESOLUTION -TRUE CONDUCTIVITY IMAGING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the difference between the current densities calculated based on the potential and the magnetic field Resonance Current Density Imaging (MRCDI) has been proposed to image current density and magnetic flux the current density at dc and RF frequency (Scoot et al 1995). Using MRCDI, the magnetic flux density

EyĂĽboĂ°lu, Murat

146

Unlocking the 'True' Structure of Complex Materials using Total ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Magnetic Composite Materials · X-Ray Studies of Structural Effects Induced by Pulsed (30 Tesla), High Magnetic Fields at the Advanced Photon Source ...

147

New Numerical Method to Calculate the True Optical Absorption of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Design of Light Weight Structure for Wind Turbine Tower by Using Nano- Materials · Development of Highly Active Titania-Based Nanoparticles for Composite ...

148

True Along-Track Scan to Improve Radiation Budget Estimations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multiangle approaches for radiance-to-flux conversion require accurate coregistration between the observations from nadir- and oblique-viewing directions. The along-track mode of Earth Radiation Budget (ERB) scanning instruments, such as the ...

Michel Capderou; Michel Viollier

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

LIPABASE: a database for |true| lipase family enzymes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lipase enzymes play an important role in lipid metabolism and are produced by a variety of species. Compared with animal, bacterial and fungal, little is known about plant lipases. Although lipases belong to many different protein families, they have ...

Abdelmonaem Messaoudi; Hatem Belguith; Imen Ghram; Jeannette Ben Hamida

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

A true sense of security | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

an enclosed space like the subway or a building. "Each minute that you can shave off the response time saves lives in these kinds of situations," said Argonne systems engineer Pat...

151

True solar analogues in the open cluster M67  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The solar analogues are fundamental targets for a better understanding of our Sun and Solar System. Notwithstanding the efforts, this research is usually limited to field stars. The open cluster M67 offers a unique opportunity to search for solar analogues because its chemical composition and age are very similar to those of our star. In this work, we analyze FLAMES@VLT spectra of about one hundred of M67 main sequence stars with the aim to identify solar analogues. We first determine cluster members which are likely not binaries, by combining both proper motions and radial velocity measurements. Then, we concentrate our analysis on the determination of stellar effective temperature, using the analyzes of line-depth ratios and Halpha wings. Finally, we also compute lithium abundance for all the stars. Thanks to the our analysis, we find ten solar analogues, which allow us to derive a solar color (B-V)=0.649+/-0.016 and a cluster distance modulus of 9.63+/-0.08, very close to values found by previous authors. Among them, five are the best solar twins with temperature determinations within 60 K from the solar values. Our results lead us to do further spectroscopic investigations because the solar analogues candidates are suitable for planet search.

K. Biazzo; L. Pasquini; P. Bonifacio; S. Randich; L. R. Bedin

2008-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

152

MSIT Tribune Speaker Series Measuring the True Cost of Outsourcing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the area of Business Intelligence of IT software and methods) in 2002 and CEO since January 2005, Scott the largest segment. CIO Magazine states that "53 percent of customers have not realized business value

Bustamante, Fabián E.

153

The Lax conjecture is true - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 4, 2004... Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, CH-8092 Z urich, ..... Communications on Pure and Applied Mathematics, 6:175{194, 1958 ...

154

The dream is a lie, but the dreaming is true  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is about establishing the attributes of sense of place, rather than placelessness, through the observation of what makes a community have the qualities that it does. What is it in its physical, cultural, climatic ...

Vallecillo, Albert

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Y-12 uranium storage facility?a Ťdream come true?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ranks and actually provides the first impedance for the just finished highly enriched uranium storage facility. Recently the Highly Enriched Uranium Material Facility was...

156

Developer fluency: achieving true mastery in software projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Outsourcing and offshoring lead to a rapid influx of new developers in software projects. That, in turn, manifests in lower productivity and project delays. To address this common problem we study how the developers become fluent in software projects. ... Keywords: developer fluency, developer learning, productivity, task centrality, task difficulty

Minghui Zhou; Audris Mockus

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Relaxed: on the way towards true validation of compound documents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To maintain interoperability in the Web environment it is necessary to comply with Web standards. Current specifications of HTML and XHTML languages define conformance conditions both in specification prose and in a formalized way utilizing DTD. Unfortunately ... Keywords: RELAX NG, Schematron, XHTML, XML, compound documents, validation

Jirka Kosek; Petr Nálevka

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

MOLECULAR GAS IN INFRARED ULTRALUMINOUS QSO HOSTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report CO detections in 17 out of 19 infrared ultraluminous QSO (IR QSO) hosts observed with the IRAM 30 m telescope. The cold molecular gas reservoir in these objects is in a range of (0.2-2.1) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 10} M{sub Sun} (adopting a CO-to-H{sub 2} conversion factor {alpha}{sub CO} = 0.8 M{sub Sun} (K km s{sup -1} pc{sup 2}){sup -1}). We find that the molecular gas properties of IR QSOs, such as the molecular gas mass, star formation efficiency (L{sub FIR}/L'{sub CO}), and CO (1-0) line widths, are indistinguishable from those of local ultraluminous infrared galaxies (ULIRGs). A comparison of low- and high-redshift CO-detected QSOs reveals a tight correlation between L{sub FIR} and L'{sub CO(1-0)} for all QSOs. This suggests that, similar to ULIRGs, the far-infrared emissions of all QSOs are mainly from dust heated by star formation rather than by active galactic nuclei (AGNs), confirming similar findings from mid-infrared spectroscopic observations by Spitzer. A correlation between the AGN-associated bolometric luminosities and the CO line luminosities suggests that star formation and AGNs draw from the same reservoir of gas and there is a link between star formation on {approx}kpc scale and the central black hole accretion process on much smaller scales.

Xia, X. Y.; Hao, C.-N. [Tianjin Astrophysics Center, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387 (China); Gao, Y.; Tan, Q. H. [Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2 West Beijing Road, Nanjing 210008 (China); Mao, S. [National Astronomical Observatories of China, 20A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100012 (China); Omont, A. [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR7095, UPMC and CNRS, 98bis boulevard Arago, F-75014 Paris (France); Flaquer, B. O.; Leon, S. [Instituto de Radioastronomia Milimetrica (IRAM), Avenida Divina Pastora 7, Nucleo Central, 18012 Granada (Spain); Cox, P., E-mail: xyxia@bao.ac.cn [Institut de Radio Astronomie Millimetrique (IRAM), F-38406 St. Martin d'Heres (France)

2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

159

LAI References and Summaries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cart Sign In/Register Quick Data Search Help icon Go NASA Meatball Cart Sign In/Register Quick Data Search Help icon Go NASA Meatball No JAVASCRIPT Capabilities. This site will not function without JavaScript. Please use the Web Product Tree. or anonymous FTP at ftp://daac.ornl.gov/data. Global Leaf Area Index Data from Field Measurements, 1932-2000 References and summaries for literature on leaf area index (reviews, methodology, etc.) Barclay, H. J. (1998) Conversion of total leaf area to projcted leaf area in lodgepole pine and Douglas-fir. Tree PHysiology 18, 185-193. Summary It is noted that three distinct definitions of leaf area index (LAI) in the literature have no predictable relationship with each other. Conversion factors were derived, from total LAI to projected LAI of horizontal leaves and to projected LAI for inclined leaves of lodgepole pine and coastal Douglas-fir, enabling comparison of results from different studies. An algorithm was derived to allow determination of these factors based on twig angles and the angles that the foliage subtends with the twig. The conversion factor was more sensitive to differences in vertical angles of the twigs than to twig rotation or foliar arrangement on the twig.

160

Laser for high frequency modulated interferometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A Stark-tuned laser operating in the 119 micron line of CH[sub 3]OH has an output power of several tens of milliwatts at 30 Watts of pump power while exhibiting a doublet splitting of about ten MHz with the application of a Stark field on the order of 500 volts/cm. This output power allows for use of the laser in a multi-channel interferometer, while its high operating frequency permits the interferometer to measure rapid electron density changes in a pellet injected or otherwise fueled plasma such as encountered in magnetic fusion devices. The laser includes a long far-infrared (FIR) pyrex resonator tube disposed within a cylindrical water jacket and incorporating charged electrodes for applying the Stark field to a gas confined therein. With the electrodes located within the resonator tube, the resonator tube walls are cooled by a flowing coolant without electrical breakdown in the coolant liquid during application of the Stark field. Wall cooling allows for substantially increased FIR output powers. Provision is made for introducing a buffer gas into the resonator tube for increasing laser output power and its operating bandwidth. 10 figures.

Mansfield, D.K.; Vocaturo, M.; Guttadora, L.J.

1991-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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161

Laser for high frequency modulated interferometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A Stark-tuned laser operating in the 119 micron line of CH.sub.3 OH has an output power of several tens of milliwatts at 30 Watts of pump power while exhibiting a doublet splitting of about ten MHz with the application of a Stark field on the order of 500 volts/cm. This output power allows for use of the laser in a multi-channel interferometer, while its high operating frequency permits the interferometer to measure rapid electron density changes in a pellet injected or otherwise fueled plasma such as encountered in magnetic fusion devices. The laser includes a long far-infrared (FIR) pyrex resonator tube disposed within a cylindrical water jacket and incorporating charged electrodes for applying the Stark field to a gas confined therein. With the electrodes located within the resonator tube, the resonator tube walls are cooled by a flowing coolant without electrical breakdown in the coolant liquid during application of the Stark field. Wall cooling allows for substantially increased FIR output powers. Provision is made for introducing a buffer gas into the resonator tube for increasing laser output power and its operating bandwidth.

Mansfield, Dennis K. (E. Windsor, NJ); Vocaturo, Michael (Columbus, NJ); Guttadora, Lawrence J. (Iselin, NJ)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Far infrared observations of the southern Galactic star forming complex around IRAS 09002-4732  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Galactic star forming region in the southern sky, associated with IRAS 09002-4732 has been mapped simultaneously in two far infrared bands (148 & 209 um), with ~ 1' angular resolution. Fifteen sources including IRAS 08583-4719, 08589-4714, 09002-4732 and 09014-4736 have been detected, some of which are well resolved. Taking advantage of similar beams in the two bands, a reliable dust temperature [T(148/209)] map has been obtained, which detects colder dust (< 30 K) in this region. The HIRES processed IRAS maps at 12, 25, 60 & 100 um have also been used for comparison. The optical depth maps at 200 um & 100 um, generated from these FIR data quantify the spatial distribution of the dust. The diffuse emission from this entire region has been found to be 35 % of the total FIR luminosity. The slope of the IMF in the mass range 4-16 M_sun has been estimated to be -1.25^+0.75_-0.65 for this star forming complex. Radiative transfer models have been explored to fit available observations of the 4 IR...

Ghosh, S K; Rengarajan, T N; Tandon, S N; Verma, R P

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Laser for high frequency modulated interferometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A Stark-tuned laser operating in the 119 micron line of CH{sub 3}OH has an output power of several tens of milliwatts at 30 Watts of pump power while exhibiting a doublet splitting of about ten MHz with the application of a Stark field on the order of 500 volts/cm. This output power allows for use of the laser in a multi-channel interferometer, while its high operating frequency permits the interferometer to measure rapid electron density changes in a pellet injected or otherwise fueled plasma such as encountered in magnetic fusion device. The laser includes a long far-infrared (FIR) Pyrex resonator tube disposed within a cylindrical water jacket and incorporating charged electrodes for applying the Stark field to a gas confined therein. With the electrodes located within the resonator tube, the resonator tube walls are cooled by a flowing coolant without electrical breakdown in the coolant liquid during application of the Stark field. Wall cooling allows for substantially increased FIR output powers. Provision is made for introducing a buffer gas into the resonator tube for increasing laser output power and its operating bandwidth.

Mansfield, D.K.; Vocatura, M.; Guttadora, L.J.

1989-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

164

Elevational trends in the fluxes of sulphur and nitrogen in throughfall in the southern Appalachian Mountains: some surprising results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From 1986-1989, a team of scientists measured atmospheric concentrations and fluxes in precipitation and throughfall, and modeled dry and cloudwater deposition in a spruce-fir forest of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park which is located in the Southern Appalachian Region of the United States. The work was part of the Integrated Forest Study (IFS) conducted at 12 forests in N. America and Europe. The spruce-fir forest at 1740 m consistently received the highest total deposition rates ({approx}2200, 1200, and 700 eq ha{sup -1} yr{sup -1} for SO{sub 4}{sup 2-}, NO{sub 3}{sup -}, and NH{sub 4}{sup +}). During the summers of 1989 and 1990 we used multiple samplers to measure hydrologie, SO{sub 4}{sup 2-}, and NO{sub 3}{sup -} fluxes in rain and throughfall events beneath spruce forests above (1940 m) and below (1720 m) cloud base. Throughfall was used to estimate total deposition using relationships determined during the IFS. Although the SO{sub 4}{sup 2-} fluxes increased with elevation by a factor of 2 due to higher cloudwater interception at 1940 m, the NO{sub 3}{sup -} fluxes decreased with elevation by 30%. To investigate further, we began year round measurements of fluxes of all major ions in throughfall below spruce-fir forests at 1740 m and at 1920 m in 1993-1994. The fluxes of most ions showed a 10-50% increase with elevation due to the 70 cm yr{sup -1} cloudwater input at 1920 m. However, total inorganic nitrogen exhibited a 40% lower flux in throughfall at 1920 m than at 1740 m suggesting either higher dry deposition to trees at 1740 m or much higher canopy uptake of nitrogen by trees at 1920 m. Differential canopy absorption of N by trees at different elevations would have significant consequences for the use of throughfall N fluxes to estimate deposition. We used artificial trees to understand the foliar interactions of N.

Shubzda, John [ORNL; Lindberg, Steven Eric [ORNL; Garten Jr, Charles T [ORNL; Nodvin, S. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

A Study of NO{sub x} Reduction by Fuel Injection Recirculation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Flue-gas recirculation (FGR) is a well-known method used to control oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub X}) in industrial burner applications. Recent small- and large-scale experiments in natural-gas fired boilers have shown that introducing the recirculated flue gases with the fuel results in a much greater reduction in NO{sub X}, per unit mass of gas recirculated, in comparison to introducing the flue gases with the combustion air. That fuel injection recirculation (FIR) is more effective than windbox FGR is quite remarkable. At present, however, there is no definitive understanding of why FIR is more effective than conventional FGR. The objective of the present investigation is to ascertain whether or not chemical and/or molecular transport effects alone can explain the differences in NO{sub X} reduction observed between FIR and FGR by studying laminar diffusion flames. The purpose of studying laminar flames is to isolate chemical effects from the effects of turbulent mixing and heat transfer, which are inherent in practical boilers. Numerical simulations of H{sub 2}-air and CH{sub 4}-air counterflow diffusion flames using full kinetics were performed and NO{sub X} emission indices calculated for various conditions. Studies were conducted in which a N{sub 2} diluent was added either on the fuel- or air-side of the flame for conditions of either fixed initial velocities or fixed fuel mass flux. Results from these simulation studies indicate that a major factor in diluent effectiveness is the differential effect on flame zone residence times associated with fuel-side verses air-side dilution. Simulations in which flow velocities were fixed as diluent was added either to the air or fuel stream showed lower NO{sub X} emissions for air-side dilution; however, if instead, fuel mass fluxes were fixed as diluent was added, which results in an increase in the velocity of the streams, fuel-side dilution was more effective. These results were independent of whether H{sub 2} or Ch{sub 4} was used as the fuel.

Feese, J.J.; Turns, S.R.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Document  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

50 50 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 33 / Friday, February 18, 2005 / Notices Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877- 8339. [FR Doc. E5-663 Filed 2-17-05; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000-01-P ELECTION ASSISTANCE COMMISSION Sunshine Act Notice; Meeting AGENCY: United States Election Assistance Commission. ACTION: Notice of public meeting for the Technical Guidelines Development Committee. DATE & TIME: Wednesday, March 9, 2005, 8:30 am to 5:30 pm. PLACE: National Institute of Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Drive, Building 101, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-8900. STATUS: This meeting will be open to the public. There is no fee to attend, but, due to security requirements, advance registration is required. Registration information is available at: https:// rproxy.nist.gov/CRS/

167

Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Conveyance and Transfer of Certain Land Tracts Located at LANL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

22 22 Federal Register / Vol. 63, No. 87 / Wednesday, May 6, 1998 / Notices Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877-8339 between 8 a.m. and 8 p.m., Eastern time, Monday through Friday. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Section 3506 of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35) requires that the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) provide interested Federal agencies and the public an early opportunity to comment on information collection requests. OMB may amend or waive the requirement for public consultation to the extent that public participation in the approval process would defeat the purpose of the information collection, violate State or Federal law, or substantially interfere with any agency's ability to perform its statutory obligations. The Acting Deputy Chief Information Officer, Office of the

168

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-148- McNary Wildlife (McNary-Santiam #2))  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP/4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-148- McNary Wildlife (McNary-Santiam #2)) Mark Newbill - TFE/Chemawa Proposed Action: Joint project with US Forest Service for vegetation control for the McNary- Santiam #2 230 kV transmission line that enhances wildlife habitat under powerlines. Location: The project is located in the BPA Eugene Region within Marion County, Oregon. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) in cooperation with US Forest Service. Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes to remove unwanted vegetation along the right-of- way by hand cutting or machine mowing. The overall goal is to remove small fir trees, brushy

169

Record of Decision; Defense Waste Processing Facility at the Savannah River Site  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

89 89 Federal Register / Vol. 60, No. 70 / Wednesday, April 12, 1995 / Notices who use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1- 800-877-8339 between 8 a.m. and 8 p.m., Eastern time, Monday through Friday. Program Authority: 20 U.S.C. 7705. Dated: April 5, 1995. Thomas W. Payzant, Assistant Secretary for Elementary and Secondary Education. [FR Doc. 95-8927 Filed 4-11-95; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000-01-M Advisory Council on Education Statistics; Meeting AGENCY: Advisory Council on Education Statistics. ACTION: Teleconference. SUMMARY: This notice sets forth the schedule and proposed agenda of a forthcoming meeting of the Advisory Council on Education Statistics. This notice also describes the functions of the Council. Notice of this meeting is

170

BNL | BBOP Newsletters  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility Newsletters June 28, 2013 Principal Investigators Larry Kleinman, 631.344.3796 Art Sedlacek, 631.344.2404 BBOP Presentations from DOE ASR Spring Meeting 2013 BBOP Overview - Sedlacek (PDF) BBOP Plan B - Kleinman (PDF) BBOP Instrument Suite - Schmid (PDF) Satellite Products for BBOP - Ichoku and Kahn (PDF) BBOP Instrument Suite Instrument Suite List (PDF) BBOP Resources BNL BBOP proposal (PDF file) MACC Project - FIR Global Fire Monitoring Interdisciplinary Biomass Burning Initiative (IBBI) Monthly Seasonal Outlook issued June 1, 2013 Significant Wildland Fire Potential Outlook - August & September 2013 - July 2013 - June 2013 BBOP Newsletters BBOP In the News Smoke Signals: Tracking the Rapid Changes of Wildfire Aerosols (BNL

171

ARM - Events Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

19, 2011 [Events] 19, 2011 [Events] 2011 Far-Infrared Remote Sensing Workshop Bookmark and Share The 2011 Workshop on Far-Infrared Remote Sensing (FIRS) will be held in Madison, Wisconsin, on November 8-9, 2011. The two-day meeting will include invited speakers, a full poster session, time for discussions, and a workshop dinner. Topics to be discussed include: instrumentation, radiative transfer model development and validation, thermodynamic profiling, cloud property remote sensing, and climate studies. Attendees are invited to participate in the workshop by submitting a poster presentation. There are a limited number of oral presentation positions available; these will be selected from the submitted poster presentations. Registration deadline is October 6, 2011. For program and registration information, visit the workshop

172

Notice of Availability and Public Hearings for the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Gilberton Coal-to-Clean Fuels and Power Project (DOE/EIS-0357) (12/08/05)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

03 Federal Register 03 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 235 / Thursday, December 8, 2005 / Notices Comments regarding burden and/or the collection activity requirements should be directed to Kathy Axt at her e-mail address Kathy.Axt@ed.gov. Individuals who use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877- 8339. [FR Doc. E5-7035 Filed 12-7-05; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000-01-P DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Special Education-Training and Information for Parents of Children With Disabilities-Parent Training and Information Centers ACTION: Notice inviting applications for new awards for fiscal year (FY) 2006; Correction. SUMMARY: On November 8, 2005, we published in the Federal Register (70

173

Index of /research/alcator/documentation/2010  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 [ICO] Name Last modified Size Description [DIR] Parent Directory - [DIR] 20100310 pol lift/ 27-Oct-2010 10:09 - [DIR] 20100323 driver#2 fil/ 03-Dec-2013 11:18 - [DIR] 20100326 cryo leaks/ 27-Oct-2010 10:10 - [DIR] 20100405 PEI water/ 27-Oct-2010 10:10 - [DIR] 20100610 GPC/ 27-Oct-2010 10:10 - [DIR] 20100929 cryostat tunnel repair/ 27-Oct-2010 10:10 - [DIR] 20101001 cryo repair/ 27-Oct-2010 10:10 - [DIR] 20101029 FIR polarimeter/ 30-Oct-2010 17:31 - [DIR] 20101115 LH pr.reg/ 15-Nov-2010 10:10 - [DIR] 20101122 DNB Cath. heater/ 22-Nov-2010 10:47 - [DIR] Klystron Test Results 0609/ 27-Oct-2010 10:11 - [DIR] Klystron Test Results 101 to 103B/ 27-Oct-2010 10:11 - [DIR] orphans/ 03-Dec-2013 11:17 -

174

J  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

.Jq. 3 .Jq. 3 8.5 J Hr. Mark Finkelstein . . State Street Associates L.P. II Ithaca, New York 14GSO Dear Fir. Flnkelstein: .' This Is a followup letter to your telephone discussion on September 30, 1994, with Dr. Y. Alexander Yilliams of my staff. As you discussed, the Department of Energy (DOE) Is tmplementfng a radiological survey,program to determine the radiological conditions at.sites that were formerly used by DOE predecessor agencies. One such slte is the former Ithaca Gun Company facility in Ithaca, New,York. This site perfonsed experimental machining of uranium during the 1960s in support of Atomic Energy Comnlssion operations. Ye understand that the Ithaca site is now owned by your company. The uranium forging experiments were conducted in 1961 and 1962 and Involved

175

Document  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

60 Federal Register 60 Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 235 / Friday, December 5, 2008 / Notices use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1- 800-877-8339. [FR Doc. E8-28765 Filed 12-4-08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000-01-P DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request AGENCY: Department of Education. SUMMARY: The IC Clearance Official, Regulatory Information Management Services, Office of Management invites comments on the submission for OMB review as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. DATES: Interested persons are invited to submit comments on or before January 5, 2009. ADDRESSES: Written comments should be addressed to the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs,

176

Federal Register Volume 75 Number 240; Wednesday, December 15, 2010  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 Dec 14, 2010 0 Dec 14, 2010 Jkt 223001 PO 00000 Frm 00029 Fmt 4703 Sfmt 4703 E:\FR\FM\15DEN1.SGM 15DEN1 hsrobinson on DSK69SOYB1PROD with NOTICES Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 240 / Wednesday, December 15, 2010 / Notices 78231 Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877- 8339. [FR Doc. 2010-31503 Filed 12-14-10; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000-01-P DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Management of Energy and Water Efficiency in Federal Buildings: Availability of Guidance AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice of availability. SUMMARY: This notice of availability announces that the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Federal Energy Management

177

Amended Record of Decision: Idaho High-Level Waste and Facilities Disposition Final Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/EIS-0287) (11/28/06)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

811 Federal Register 811 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 228 / Tuesday, November 28, 2006 / Notices Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877-8339. [FR Doc. E6-20124 Filed 11-27-06; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000-01-P DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Amended Record of Decision: Idaho High-Level Waste and Facilities Disposition Final Environmental Impact Statement AGENCY: Department of Energy. ACTION: Amended Record of Decision. SUMMARY: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is amending its Record of Decision (ROD) published December 19, 2005 (70 Federal Register [FR] 75165), pursuant to the Idaho High-Level Waste and Facilities Disposition Final Environmental Impact Statement (Final EIS) (DOE/EIS-0287, September 2002). The Final EIS analyzed two sets of alternatives for accomplishing DOE's

178

Notices  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 Federal Register 1 Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 102 / Friday, May 25, 2012 / Notices be addressed to U.S. Department of Education, 400 Maryland Avenue SW., LBJ, Washington, DC 20202-4537. Requests may also be electronically mailed to ICDocketMgr@ed.gov or faxed to 202-401-0920. Please specify the complete title of the information collection and OMB Control Number when making your request. Individuals who use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877- 8339. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Section 3506 of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35) requires that Federal agencies provide interested parties an early opportunity to comment on information collection requests. The Director, Information Collection

179

Why Sequence Rhizopogon salebrosus?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rhizopogon salebrosus? Rhizopogon salebrosus? On October 3, 1995, smoke from the remains of an illegal campfire was spotted at Point Reyes National State Park in northern California. Over the next week, just over 12,000 acres burned, most of it concentrated at Mt. Vision in Point Reyes National Seashore, and several dozen homes were razed. Some 70 percent of the plant life in the area ranging from northern coastal scrub and salt marsh to Bishop pines and Douglas firs was lost. By the time the fire was declared under control on October 16, over 2,000 firefighters had been involved in the effort to quash the flames. Point Reyes National Park after 1995 fire Copyright Bruce Farnsworth/NPS Mycorrhizal fungi such as Rhizopogon salebrosus play a key role in maintaining various ecosystems. R. salebrosus is usually among the fungi

180

Notice of Availability of the Record of Decision for the South Fork Flathead Watershed Westslope Cutthroat Trout Conservation Program (DOE/EIS-0353) (05/12/06)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

714 Federal Register 714 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 92 / Friday, May 12, 2006 / Notices 6623. Please specify the complete title of the information collection when making your request. Comments regarding burden and/or the collection activity requirements should be electronically mailed to IC DocketMgr@ed.gov. Individuals who use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1- 800-877-8339. [FR Doc. E6-7288 Filed 5-11-06; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000-01-P DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Special Education-Technology and Media Services for Individuals With Disabilities-Access to Emerging Technologies (CFDA No. 84.327C) ACTION: Notice inviting applications for new awards for fiscal year (FY) 2006;

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Appendix A - Acronyms  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A - ACRONYMS A - ACRONYMS AASHTO American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials CNG Compressed Natural Gases CVO Commercial Vehicle Operation DOE Department of Energy DOT Department of Transportation E85 85% Ethanol, 15% Gasoline EPA Environmental Protection Agency ExFIRS Excise Files Information Retrieval System ExSTARS Excise Summary Terminal Activity Reporting System FHWA Federal Highway Administration FTA Federation of Tax Administrators GAO General Accounting Office HTF Highway Trust Fund IFTA International Fuel Tax Agreement IM Interstate Maintenance IRS Internal Revenue Service LNG Liquid Natural Gases LPG Liquefied Petroleum Gases M85 85% Methanol, 15% Gasoline MTBE Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether NHS National Highway System ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory STP Surface Transportation Program

182

Slide 1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Economics of an Economics of an Integrated World Oil Market William Nordhaus Sterling Professor of Economics Yale University Plenary Address Energy Information Administration 2009 Energy Conference: A New Climate for Energy April 7, 2009 This is not a bathtub. 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 Price ($ per barrel) Weekly oil prices for 15 sources around the world. Source: EIA. The Integrated World Oil Market 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Sidi Kerir Iran Light Libya Es Sider Libyan and Iranian Prices [$ per barrel, 1979 - 2009 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 Year Region 1 Region 2 Region 3 Region 4 Region 5 Region 6 Price of sawlogs ($ per 1000 board-feet) A Not-So-Integrated Market: Douglas Fir Log #2 in Pacific Northwest

183

Amended Record of Decision; Savannah River Site Waste Management, Savannah River Operations Office, Aiken, South Carolina (DOE/EIS-0217)(6/28/01)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

431 431 Federal Register / Vol. 66, No. 125 / Thursday, June 28, 2001 / Notices Avenue, SW., Room 4050, Regional Office Building 3, Washington, DC 20202-4651. Requests may also be electronically mailed to the internet address OCIO_IMG_Issues@ed.gov or faxed to 202-708-9346. Please specify the complete title of the information collection when making your request. Comments regarding burden and/or the collection activity requirements should be directed to Joseph Schubart at (202) 708-9266 or via his internet address Joe.Schubart@ed.gov. Individuals who use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877- 8339. [FR Doc. 01-16231 Filed 6-27-01; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000-01-U DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION National Board of the Fund for the

184

Sweet Smell of Renewable Fuel | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Sweet Smell Sweet Smell of Renewable Fuel News Featured Articles 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Science Headlines Presentations & Testimony News Archives Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 12.06.11 Sweet Smell of Renewable Fuel Office of Science researchers borrowed from a fir tree to create a fuel that could leave diesel in the dust. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo Tractor trailer driving down road flanked by fields Department of Transportation Commercial trucks in the U.S. burned approximately 22 billion gallons of diesel fuel in 2010. Replacing diesel with a clean, green and renewable biofuel could substantially reduce the industry's carbon footprint.

185

Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

07 Federal Register 07 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 192 / Wednesday, October 5, 2005 / Notices Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877- 8339. [FR Doc. 05-19963 Filed 10-4-05; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000-01-P DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Notice of Public Hearing AGENCY: National Assessment Governing Board; Education SUMMARY: The National Assessment Governing Board is announcing a public hearing on October 25, 2005 to obtain comment on the draft 2009 Science Framework for the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). Public and private parties and organizations are invited to present written and/or oral testimony. The forum will be held at the Phoenix Park Hotel, 520 North Capitol Street, NW., Washington, DC from 9:30 a.m. to 3 p.m. Eastern Standard Time. Background: Under Public Law 107-

186

State  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ment of Co ment of Co nsiderations REQUEST BY MOSSEY CREEK ENERGY FOR DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN RIGHTS IN SUBJECT INVENTIONS S-124,118 AND S-124,156 MADE IN THE COURSE OF OR UNDER UT-BATTELLE PRIME CONTRACT NO. DE-AC05-000R22725; DOE WAIVER DOCKETS: W (l) 2011-009 AND W( l) 2011 -010 (COMBINED) Mossey Creek Energy (Petitioner) has made a timely request for a waiver to worldwide undivided rights in two subject inventio ns (the subject inventions) made in the course of or under UT-Battelle, Prime Contract No . DE-AC05-000R22725. The fir st invention( S-124,118) is entitled, " Thermally Conduct ive Ele ctrically In sulating Sil icon Cc_:ntaining Epoxy Molding Co mpo und ." The second invention (S-124,156) is "Sintered Polycrystalline Silicon Based Thermo electrics,

187

Notice of Intent to prepare Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for the Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Stockpile Stewardship and Management (08/05/99)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

81 81 Federal Register / Vol. 64, No. 150 / Thursday, August 5, 1999 / Notices Programs Service, 400 Maryland Avenue, SW., Suite 600 Portals Building Washington, DC 20202-5331. Telephone: (202) 401-9774. The e-mail address for Ms. Ver Bryck Block is karla verbryckblock@ed.gov. Individuals who use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877- 8339. Individuals with disabilities may obtain this document in an alternate format (e.g., Braille, large print, audiotape, or computer diskette) on request to the appropriate contact persons listed in the preceding paragraphs. Individuals with disabilities may obtain a copy of the application package in an alternate format, also, by contacting that person. However, the

188

Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement and Notice of Floodplain and Wetlands Involvement; NRG Energy, Inc.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

109 109 Federal Register / Vol. 63, No. 206 / Monday, October 26, 1998 / Notices internet address Pat Sherrill@ed.gov, or should be faxed to 202-708-9346. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Patrick J. Sherrill (202) 708-8196. Individuals who use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877-8339 between 8 a.m. and 8 p.m., Eastern time, Monday through Friday. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Section 3506 of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35) requires that the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) provide interested Federal agencies and the public an early opportunity to comment on information collection requests. OMB may amend or waive the requirement for public consultation to the extent that public

189

Tritium Inventory in Aries-AT  

SciTech Connect

This report documents an investigation into the tritium inventory expected in the ARIES-AT fusion reactor. ARIES-AT features silicon carbide fibers in a silicon carbide matrix as its primary construction. It uses the same fusion power core as the previous ARIES-RS. Based on experimental results of several researchers, consideration was given to swelling, sputtering, film coatings, erosion, and implantation. Estimates were made of tritium inventory using the TMAP4 code. About 700 g of tritium may be expected in the machines, two thirds of which would reside in the first wall. Under assumed accident conditions that involve firs wall temperatures up to 1000°C, evolution of retained tritium may be expected to vary from 0.8 to nearly 40 percent depending on the temperature of the first wall.

Longhurst, Glen Reed

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Triple effect absorption chiller utilizing two refrigeration circuits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This patent describes a heat absorption method for an absorption chiller. It comprises: providing a firs absorption system circuit for operation within a first temperature range, providing a second absorption system circuit for operation within a second temperature range; heat exchanging refrigerant and absorber solution; thermal communication with an external heat load. This patent describes a heat absorption apparatus for use as an absorption chiller. It includes: a first absorption system circuit for operation within a first temperature range; a second absorption system circuit for operation within a second temperature range which has a lower maximum temperature relative to the first temperature range; the first circuit having generator means, condenser means, evaporator means, and absorber means operatively connected together; the second circuit having generator means condenser means, evaporator means, and absorber means operative connected together; and the first circuit condenser means and the first circuit absorber means being in heat exchange communication with the second circuit generator means.

DeVault, R.C.

1988-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

191

LIQUID PROPANE GAS (LPG) STORAGE AREA BOILING LIQUID EXPANDING VAPOR EXPLOSION (BLEVE) ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect

The PHA and the FHAs for the SWOC MDSA (HNF-14741) identified multiple accident scenarios in which vehicles powered by flammable gases (e.g., propane), or combustible or flammable liquids (e.g., gasoline, LPG) are involved in accidents that result in an unconfined vapor cloud explosion (UVCE) or in a boiling liquid expanding vapor explosion (BLEVE), respectively. These accident scenarios are binned in the Bridge document as FIR-9 scenarios. They are postulated to occur in any of the MDSA facilities. The LPG storage area will be in the southeast corner of CWC that is relatively remote from store distaged MAR. The location is approximately 30 feet south of MO-289 and 250 feet east of 2401-W by CWC Gate 10 in a large staging area for unused pallets and equipment.

PACE, M.E.

2004-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

192

Multi-standard programmable baseband modulator for next generation wireless communication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Considerable research has taken place in recent times in the area of parameterization of software defined radio (SDR) architecture. Parameterization decreases the size of the software to be downloaded and also limits the hardware reconfiguration time. The present paper is based on the design and development of a programmable baseband modulator that perform the QPSK modulation schemes and as well as its other three commonly used variants to satisfy the requirement of several established 2G and 3G wireless communication standards. The proposed design has been shown to be capable of operating at a maximum data rate of 77 Mbps on Xilinx Virtex 2-Pro University field programmable gate array (FPGA) board. The pulse shaping root raised cosine (RRC) filter has been implemented using distributed arithmetic (DA) technique in the present work in order to reduce the computational complexity, and to achieve appropriate power reduction and enhanced throughput. The designed multiplier-less programmable 32-tap FIR-based RRC ...

Hatai, Indranil; 10.5121/ijcnc.2010.2406

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Mixed Quantitative/Qualitative Modeling and Simulation of the Cardiovascular System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cardiovascular system is composed of the hemodynamical system and the Central Nervous System (CNS) control. Whereas the structure and functioning of the hemodynamical system are well known and a number of quantitative models have already been developed that capture the behavior of the hemodynamical system fairly accurately, the CNS control is, at present, still not completely understood and no good deductive models exist that are able to describe the CNS control from physical and physiological principles. The use of qualitative methodologies may offer an interesting alternative to quantitative modeling approaches for inductively capturing the behavior of the CNS control. In this paper, a qualitative model of the CNS control of the cardiovascular system is developed by means of the Fuzzy Inductive Reasoning (FIR) methodology. Fuzzy inductive reasoning is a fairly new modeling technique that is based on the General System Problem Solving (GSPS) methodology developed by G. Klir. Prev...

Angela Nebot; François E. Cellier

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

L1157-B1: Water and ammonia as diagnostics of shock temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the origin and nature of the profiles of water and ammonia observ ed toward the L1157-B1 clump as part of the HIFI CHESS survey (Ceccarelli et al. 2010) using a new code coupling a gas-grain chemical model with a parametric shock model. Fir st results from the unbiased survey (Lefloch et al. 2010, Codella et al. 2010) reveal different molecular components at different excitation conditions coexisting in the B1 bow shock structure, with NH$_3$, H$_2$CO and CH$_3$OH emitting only at relatively low outflow velocities whereas H$_2$O shows bright emission at high velocities. Our model suggests that these differences are purely chemical and can be explained by the presence of a C-type shock whose maximum temperature must be close to 4000 K along the B1 clump.

Viti, S; Yates, J A; Codella, C; Vasta, M; Caselli, P; Lefloch, B; Ceccarelli, C

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

DEVELOPMENT AND DEMONSTRATION OF NOVEL LOW-NOx BURNERS IN THE STEEL INDUSTRY  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

During field evaluation on a 174 million Btu/h industrial prototype burner both natural gas and actual COG from on-site generation were tested. Despite the elevated hydrogen cyanide and ammonia content in the COG throughout the test program, the FIR burner showed an improvement over baseline emissions. At full load; 167 million Btu/h, NOx emissions were relatively low at 169 vppm. This represents a 30% reduction compared to baseline emissions not accounting for the higher hydrogen cyanide content in the COG. CO emissions remained below 20 vppm and were stable across the firing range. This represents a 68% reduction compared to baseline CO emissions. When firing natural gas, emissions were stable as firing rate increased over the range. At low fire; 45 million Btu/h, NOx emissions where 33 vppm and increased at full load; 144 million Btu

Cygan, David

2006-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

196

Femtosecond Electron and Photon Pulses Facility in Thailand  

SciTech Connect

Femtosecond electron and photon pulses facility has been established as SURIYA project at the Fast Neutron Research Facility (FNRF). Femtosecond electron bunches can be generated from a system consisting of an RF gun with a thermionic cathode, an alpha magnet as an magnetic bunch compressor, and a linear accelerator as a post acceleration section. Femtosecond electron pulses can be used directly or used as a source to produce equally short electromagnetic (EM) radiation pulses via certain kind of radiation production processes. At SURIYA project, we are interested especially in production of radiation in Far-infrared (FIR) regime. At these wavelengths, the radiation from femtosecond electron pulses is emitted coherently resulting in high intensity radiation. Overview of the facility, the generation of femtosecond electron bunches, the theoretical background of coherent transition radiation and the recent experimental results will be presented and discussed in this paper.

Rimjaem, S.; Thongbai, C.; Jinamoon, V.; Kangrang, N.; Kusoljariyakul, K.; Saisut, J.; Vilaithong, T. [Fast Neutron Research Facility (FNRF), Physics Department, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200 (Thailand); Rhodes, M. W.; Wichaisirimongkol, P. [Institute for Science Technology Research and Development, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200 (Thailand)

2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

197

Optical Learning Chip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A novel type of an optical neurochip with learning capability and memory function is reported. The neurochip is a three dimensional optoelectronic integrated circuit consisting of a light emitting diode array and a variable sensitivity photodetector (VSPD) array. The principle of operation and the fundamental characteristics are described. By using the fabricated optical neurochip with 32 neurons and 32\\Theta32 synapses, experiments of on-chip learning based on the backpropagation and Boltzmann machine learning algorithms have successfully been demonstrated. INTRODUCTION Optoelectronics is expected to play an important role in hardware implementation of neural networks because of its innate parallelism, high-density interconnection, and direct image processing abilities [1]. This summary describes an optical learning chip with variable synaptic interconnections developed in our laboratory. This chip enables to perform on-chip learning by using an internal analog memory function. Firs...

Jun Ohta Yoshikazu; Jun Ohta; Yoshikazu Nitta; Kazuo Kyuma

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Autothermal reforming catalyst having perovskite structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention addressed two critical issues in fuel processing for fuel cell application, i.e. catalyst cost and operating stability. The existing state-of-the-art fuel reforming catalyst uses Rh and platinum supported over refractory oxide which add significant cost to the fuel cell system. Supported metals agglomerate under elevated temperature during reforming and decrease the catalyst activity. The catalyst is a perovskite oxide or a Ruddlesden-Popper type oxide containing rare-earth elements, catalytically active firs row transition metal elements, and stabilizing elements, such that the catalyst is a single phase in high temperature oxidizing conditions and maintains a primarily perovskite or Ruddlesden-Popper structure under high temperature reducing conditions. The catalyst can also contain alkaline earth dopants, which enhance the catalytic activity of the catalyst, but do not compromise the stability of the perovskite structure.

Krumpel, Michael (Naperville, IL); Liu, Di-Jia (Naperville, IL)

2009-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

199

Final Progress Report on Model-Based Diagnosis of Soil Limitations to Forest Productivity  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project was undertaken in support of the forest industry to link modeling of nutrients and productivity with field research to identify methods for enhancing soil quality and forest productivity and for alleviating soil limitations to sustainable forest productivity. The project consisted of a series of related tasks, including (1) simulation of changes in biomass and soil carbon with nitrogen fertilization, (2) development of spreadsheet modeling tools for soil nutrient availability and tree nutrient requirements, (3) additional modeling studies, and (4) evaluation of factors involved in the establishment and productivity of southern pine plantations in seasonally wet soils. This report also describes the two Web sites that were developed from the research to assist forest managers with nutrient management of Douglas-fir and loblolly pine plantations.

Luxmoore, R.J.

2004-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

200

High conversion Th-U{sup 233} fuel assembly for current generation of PWRs  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a preliminary design of a high conversion Th-U{sup 233} fuel assembly applicable for current generation of Pressurized Water Reactor (PWRs). The considered fuel assembly has a typical 17 x 17 PWR lattice. However in order to increase the conversion of Th{sup 232} to U{sup 233}, the assembly was subdivided into the two regions called seed and blanket. The central seed region has a higher than blanket U{sup 233} content and acts as a neutron source for the peripheral blanket region. The latest acts as a U{sup 233} breeder. While the seed fuel pins have a standard dimensions the blanket fuel radius was increased in order to reduce the moderation and to facilitate the resonance neutron absorption in blanket Th{sup 232}. The U{sup 233} content in the seed and blanket regions was optimized to achieve maximal initial to discharged fissile inventory ratio (FIR) taking into account the target fuel cycle length of 12 months with 3-batch reloading scheme. In this study the neutronic calculations were performed on the fuel assembly level using Helios deterministic lattice transport code. The fuel cycle length and the core k{sub eff} were estimated by applying the Non Linear Reactivity Model. The applicability of the HELIOS code for the analysis of the Th-based high conversion designs was confirmed with the help of continuous-energy Monte-Carlo code SERPENT. The results of optimization studies show that for the heterogeneous seed and blanket (SB) fuel assembly the FIR of about 0.95 can be achieved. (authors)

Baldova, D.; Fridman, E. [Reactor Safety Div., Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, POB 510119, Dresden, 01314 (Germany)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Far infrared observations of the southern Galactic star forming complex around IRAS 09002-4732  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Galactic star forming region in the southern sky, associated with IRAS 09002-4732 has been mapped simultaneously in two far infrared bands (148 & 209 um), with ~ 1' angular resolution. Fifteen sources including IRAS 08583-4719, 08589-4714, 09002-4732 and 09014-4736 have been detected, some of which are well resolved. Taking advantage of similar beams in the two bands, a reliable dust temperature [T(148/209)] map has been obtained, which detects colder dust (< 30 K) in this region. The HIRES processed IRAS maps at 12, 25, 60 & 100 um have also been used for comparison. The optical depth maps at 200 um & 100 um, generated from these FIR data quantify the spatial distribution of the dust. The diffuse emission from this entire region has been found to be 35 % of the total FIR luminosity. The slope of the IMF in the mass range 4-16 M_sun has been estimated to be -1.25^+0.75_-0.65 for this star forming complex. Radiative transfer models have been explored to fit available observations of the 4 IRAS sources and extract various physical parameters for corresponding dust-gas clouds. Whereas a constant radial density distribution is favoured in IRAS 08583-4719, 08589-4714 & 09002-4732, the r^-1 law is inferred for IRAS 09014-4736. The dust composition is found to be similar (Silicate dominated) in all the 4 sources. The luminosity per unit mass is found to be in the narrow range of 44-81 L_sun/M_sun for these star forming regions.

S. K. Ghosh; B. Mookerjea; T. N. Rengarajan; S. N. Tandon; R. P. Verma

2000-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

202

Exploratory Technology Research Program for electrochemical energy storage: Executive summary report for 1993  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy`s Office of Propulsion Systems provides support for an Electrochemical Energy Storage Program, that includes research and development (R&D) on advanced rechargeable batteries and fuel cells. A major goal of this program is to develop electrochemical power sources suitable for application in electric vehicles (EVs). The program centers on advanced systems that offer the potential for high performance and low life-cycle costs, both of which are necessary to permit significant penetration into commercial markets. The DOE Electrochemical Energy Storage Program is divided into two projects: the Electric Vehicle Advanced Battery Systems (EVABS) Development Program and the Exploratory Technology Research (ETR) Program. The EVABS Program management responsibility has been assigned to Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) is responsible for management of the FIR Program. The EVABS and ETR Programs include an integrated matrix of R&D efforts designed to advance progress on selected candidate electrochemical systems. The United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC), a tripartite undertaking between DOE, the U.S. automobile manufacturers and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), was formed in 1991 to accelerate the development of advanced batteries for consumer EVs. The role of the FIR Program is to perform supporting research on the advanced battery systems under development by the USABC and EVABS Program, and to evaluate new systems with potentially superior performance, durability and/or cost characteristics. The specific goal of the ETR Program is to identify the most promising electrochemical technologies and transfer them to the USABC, the battery industry and/or the EVABS Program for further development and scale-up. This report summarizes the research, financial and management activities relevant to the ETR Program in CY 1993.

Kinoshita, K. [ed.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

RESOLVING THE RADIO SOURCE BACKGROUND: DEEPER UNDERSTANDING THROUGH CONFUSION  

SciTech Connect

We used the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array to image one primary beam area at 3 GHz with 8'' FWHM resolution and 1.0 {mu}Jy beam{sup -1} rms noise near the pointing center. The P(D) distribution from the central 10 arcmin of this confusion-limited image constrains the count of discrete sources in the 1 < S({mu}Jy) < 10 range. At this level, the brightness-weighted differential count S {sup 2} n(S) is converging rapidly, as predicted by evolutionary models in which the faintest radio sources are star-forming galaxies; and Almost-Equal-To 96% of the background originating in galaxies has been resolved into discrete sources. About 63% of the radio background is produced by active galactic nuclei (AGNs), and the remaining 37% comes from star-forming galaxies that obey the far-infrared (FIR)/radio correlation and account for most of the FIR background at {lambda} Almost-Equal-To 160 {mu}m. Our new data confirm that radio sources powered by AGNs and star formation evolve at about the same rate, a result consistent with AGN feedback and the rough correlation of black hole and stellar masses. The confusion at centimeter wavelengths is low enough that neither the planned Square Kilometre Array nor its pathfinder ASKAP EMU survey should be confusion limited, and the ultimate source detection limit imposed by 'natural' confusion is {<=}0.01 {mu}Jy at {nu} = 1.4 GHz. If discrete sources dominate the bright extragalactic background reported by ARCADE 2 at 3.3 GHz, they cannot be located in or near galaxies and most are {<=}0.03 {mu}Jy at 1.4 GHz.

Condon, J. J.; Cotton, W. D.; Fomalont, E. B.; Kellermann, K. I. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Miller, N. [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-2421 (United States); Perley, R. A. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box 0, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States); Scott, D.; Vernstrom, T.; Wall, J. V. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1C1 (Canada)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

204

A True Measure of Exposure 234 Los Alamos Science Number 23 1995  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the amount of plutonium retained in the body, but also the fraction that goes to specific organs, our discoveries on plutonium distribu- tion have helped to clear away uncer- tainties about the human metabolism and potential health effects of this ra- dioactive substance. The plutonium excretion models, which were

Massey, Thomas N.

205

Carbon Molecular Sieve Membrane as a True One Box Unit for Large...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

one box uniT for large-SCale Hydrogen ProduCTion Description A potential approach to U.S. energy independence is the use of its abundant coal reserves. These coal reserves may be...

206

Antiproton low-energy collisions with Ps-atoms and true muonium atoms ($\\mu^+\\mu^-$)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three-charge-particle collisions with participation of ultra-slow antiprotons ($\\bar{\\rm{p}}$) is the subject of this work. Specifically we compute the total cross sections and corresponding thermal rates of the following three-body reactions: $\\bar{\\rm p}+(e^+e^-) \\rightarrow \\bar{\\rm{H}} + e^-$ and $\\bar{\\rm p}+(\\mu^+\\mu^-) \\rightarrow \\bar{\\rm{H}}_{\\mu} + \\mu^-$, where $e^-(\\mu^-)$ is an electron (muon) and $e^+(\\mu^+)$ is a positron (antimuon) respectively, $\\bar{\\rm{H}}=(\\bar{\\rm p}e^+)$ is an antihydrogen atom and $\\bar{\\rm{H}}_{\\mu}=(\\bar{\\rm p}\\mu^+)$ is a muonic antihydrogen atom, i.e. a bound state of $\\bar{\\rm{p}}$ and $\\mu^+$. A set of two-coupled few-body Faddeev-Hahn-type (FH-type) equations is numerically solved in the framework of a modified close-coupling expansion approach.

Sultanov, Renat A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Did the Arctic Ice Recover? Demographics of True and False Climate Facts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Beliefs about climate change divide the U.S. public along party lines more distinctly than hot social issues. Research finds that better-educated or informed respondents are more likely to align with their parties on climate change. This ...

Lawrence C. Hamilton

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

The true role of active communicators: an empirical study of Jazz core developers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Context: Interest in software engineering (SE) methodologies and tools has been complemented in recent years by research efforts oriented towards understanding the human processes involved in software development. This shift has been imperative ... Keywords: Jazz, behaviors, content analysis, core developers, psycholinguistics, roles, software development

Sherlock A. Licorish; Stephen G. MacDonell

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Particle size for greatest penetration of HEPA filters - and their true efficiency  

SciTech Connect

The particle size that most greatly penetrates a filter is a function of filter media construction, aerosol density, and air velocity. In this paper the published results of several experiments are compared with a modern filtration theory that predicts single-fiber efficiency and the particle size of maximum penetration. For high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters used under design conditions this size is calculated to be 0.21 ..mu..m diam. This is in good agreement with the experimental data. The penetration at 0.21 ..mu..m is calculated to be seven times greater than at the 0.3 ..mu..m used for testing HEPA filters. Several mechanisms by which filters may have a lower efficiency in use than when tested are discussed.

da Roza, R.A.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Power Supply For All-Day True Wireless Mobile Computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PolyFuel has developed state-of-the-art portable fuel cell technology for the portable computing market. A novel approach to passive water recycling within the MEA has led to significant system simplification and size reduction. Miniature stack technology with very high area utilization and minimalist seals has been developed. A highly integrated balance of plant with very low parasitic losses has been constructed around the new stack design. Demonstration prototype systems integrated with laptop computers have been shown in recent months to leading OEM computer manufacturers. PolyFuel intends to provide this technology to its customers as a reference design as a means of accelerating the commercialization of portable fuel cell technology. The primary goal of the project was to match the energy density of a commercial lithium ion battery for laptop computers. PolyFuel made large strides against this goal and has now demonstrated 270 Wh/liter compared with lithium ion energy densities of 300 Wh/liter. Further, more incremental, improvements in energy density are envisioned with an additional 20-30% gains possible in each of the next two years given further research and development.

Brian Wells

2008-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

211

Robert Musil and the (de)colonization of "This True Inner Africa"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hans Grimm, Autor des Romans Volk ohne Raum, in LippoldsbergPietikainen, Petteri. “The Volk and its Unconscious: Jung,15 Petteri Pietikainen, “The Volk and its Unconscious: Jung,

Stuart, Karen Dawn

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

of true positive plus false negative test results; ? see also specific ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

result of a training or learning process e.g. of the observer; (esp. important in surgical trials); time-treatment interaction: if different results occur in one treatment ...

213

True to Milankovitch: Glacial Inception in the New Community Climate System Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The equilibrium solution of a fully coupled general circulation model with present-day orbital forcing is compared to the solution of the same model with the orbital forcing from 115 000 years ago. The difference in snow accumulation between these ...

Markus Jochum; Alexandra Jahn; Synte Peacock; David A. Bailey; John T. Fasullo; Jennifer Kay; Samuel Levis; Bette Otto-Bliesner

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Paying Too Much for Energy? The True Costs of Our Energy Choices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper estimates the effect of access to transportation networks on regional economic outcomes in China over a twenty-period of rapid income growth. It addresses the problem of the endogenous placement of networks by ...

Greenstone, Michael

2012-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

215

Increase Your Boiler Pressure to Decrease Your Electric Bill: The True Cost of CHP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The majority of small scale steam turbine generator projects are installed as an afterthought to overall plant design. As a plant manager or process engineer, the primary concern is providing the process with the thermal load it needs at the lowest $ per Btu. The viability of installing a steam turbine generator set comes after the plant is in operation and pressure reducing valves (PRV's) have been installed, providing the opportunity has been proven to be sufficient for onsite power generation. This methodology produces reliable systems that operate with whatever steam conditions were present. What if users could take a step back to the initial design of the steam boiler? Plant engineers can proactively analyze the impact of folding a steam turbine generator set into the overall plant design at the pre-construction phase, significantly decreasing total energy costs and reducing the net $ per Btu. This paper analyzes the costs and benefits of integrating a steam turbine generator set into the initial boiler plant design, with marginal fuel increase and equipment cost yet providing the added benefit of clean, low cost and reliable onsite power production.

Downing, A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

National large-scale Urban True Orthophoto Mapping and its standard initiative  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document would highlight the current project activities, published or unpublished research contributions, success and challenges from March 2005 through December 2005 and plane for the coming years on the project, entitled "National Large-Scale ...

Guoqing Zhou; Wenhan Xie; Susan Benjamin; Robin G. Fegeas; John Simmers; Hap Cluff; Y. Lei; Jeanne Foust

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Hydrothermal time analysis of seed dormancy in true (botanical) potato seeds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

germination and shoot-radicle elongation of Ambrosia artemisiifolia. Weed Science 47, 557­562. Hydrothermal

Bradford, Kent

218

Fast Temperature and True Airspeed Measurements with the Airborne Ultrasonic Anemometer–Thermometer (AUSAT)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An airborne thermometer–anemometer with fast response is designed and built using the well-known sonic anemometer–thermometer technique. The shape of this new airborne sonic sensor, without the conventional style probes, is a cylinder with its ...

D. Cruette; A. Marillier; J. L. Dufresne; J. Y. Grandpeix; P. Nacass; H. Bellec

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Y-12 uranium storage facility?a Ťdream come true,? part 2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Shirley to transfer to a new organization and build a program called the Nuclear Materials Management and Storage Program. She had to find safe, secure storage space for the...

220

True Output Theory: The Phonetics and Phonology of Low Vowel Lengthening in Hungarian  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

et al. , Chicago, Illinois. Hockey, Beth Ann, and Zsuzsannavowel lengthening in Hungarian (Hockey and Fagyal 1999), and1979, 1982, reported in Hockey and Fagyal and elsewhere)

Van Allen, Ember

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Paying Too Much for Energy? The True Costs of Our Energy Choices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy consumption is critical to economic growth and quality of life. America's energy system, however, is malfunctioning. The status quo is characterized by a tilted playing field, where energy choices are based on the ...

Looney, Adam

222

Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Power Supply For All-Day True Wireless Mobile Computing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The primary goal of the project was to match the energy density of a commercial lithium ion battery for laptop computers. PolyFuel made large strides against this goal and has now demonstrated 270 Wh/liter compared with lithium ion energy densities of 300 Wh/liter. Further, more incremental, improvements in energy density are envisioned with an additional 20-30% gains possible in each of the next two years given further research and development.

Brian Wells

2008-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

223

Does "model-free" forecasting really outperform the "true" model? A reply to Perretti et al  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimating population models from uncertain observations is an important problem in ecology. Perretti et al. observed that standard Bayesian state-space solutions to this problem may provide biased parameter estimates when the underlying dynamics are chaotic. Consequently, forecasts based on these estimates showed poor predictive accuracy compared to simple "model-free" methods, which lead Perretti et al. to conclude that "Model-free forecasting outperforms the correct mechanistic model for simulated and experimental data". However, a simple modification of the statistical methods also suffices to remove the bias and reverse their results.

Florian Hartig; Carsten F. Dormann

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

224

Adding a True 3-D Display to a Raster Graphics System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Experimental 3-D Graphics System Can Be Added to Standard Raster Graphics Systems at Modest Expense. It Promises Much Broader Access to Effective 3-D Display.

H. Fuchs; S. M. Pizer; Li Ching Tsai; S. H. Bloomberg; E. R. Heinz

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Carbon Molecular Sieve Membrane as a True One Box Unit for Large Scale Hydrogen Production  

SciTech Connect

IGCC coal-fired power plants show promise for environmentally-benign power generation. In these plants coal is gasified to syngas then processed in a water gas-shift (WGS) reactor to maximize the hydrogen/CO{sub 2} content. The gas stream can then be separated into a hydrogen rich stream for power generation and/or further purified for sale as a chemical and a CO{sub 2} rich stream for the purpose of carbon capture and storage (CCS). Today, the separation is accomplished using conventional absorption/desorption processes with post CO{sub 2} compression. However, significant process complexity and energy penalties accrue with this approach, accounting for ~20% of the capital cost and ~27% parasitic energy consumption. Ideally, a â??one-boxâ?ť process is preferred in which the syngas is fed directly to the WGS reactor without gas pre-treatment, converting the CO to hydrogen in the presence of H{sub 2}S and other impurities and delivering a clean hydrogen product for power generation or other uses. The development of such a process is the primary goal of this project. Our proposed "one-box" process includes a catalytic membrane reactor (MR) that makes use of a hydrogen-selective, carbon molecular sieve (CMS) membrane, and a sulfur-tolerant Co/Mo/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalyst. The membrane reactorâ??s behavior has been investigated with a bench top unit for different experimental conditions and compared with the modeling results. The model is used to further investigate the design features of the proposed process. CO conversion >99% and hydrogen recovery >90% are feasible under the operating pressures available from IGCC. More importantly, the CMS membrane has demonstrated excellent selectivity for hydrogen over H{sub 2}S (>100), and shown no flux loss in the presence of a synthetic "tar"-like material, i.e., naphthalene. In summary, the proposed "one-box" process has been successfully demonstrated with the bench-top reactor. In parallel we have successfully designed and fabricated a full-scale CMS membrane and module for the proposed application. This full-scale membrane element is a 3" diameter with 30"L, composed of ~85 single CMS membrane tubes. The membrane tubes and bundles have demonstrated satisfactory thermal, hydrothermal, thermal cycling and chemical stabilities under an environment simulating the temperature, pressure and contaminant levels encountered in our proposed process. More importantly, the membrane module packed with the CMS bundle was tested for over 30 pressure cycles between ambient pressure and >300 -600 psi at 200 to 300°C without mechanical degradation. Finally, internal baffles have been designed and installed to improve flow distribution within the module, which delivered â?Ą90% separation efficiency in comparison with the efficiency achieved with single membrane tubes. In summary, the full-scale CMS membrane element and module have been successfully developed and tested satisfactorily for our proposed one-box application; a test quantity of elements/modules have been fabricated for field testing. Multiple field tests have been performed under this project at National Carbon Capture Center (NCCC). The separation efficiency and performance stability of our full-scale membrane elements have been verified in testing conducted for times ranging from 100 to >250 hours of continuous exposure to coal/biomass gasifier off-gas for hydrogen enrichment with no gas pre-treatment for contaminants removal. In particular, "tar-like" contaminants were effectively rejected by the membrane with no evidence of fouling. In addition, testing was conducted using a hybrid membrane system, i.e., the CMS membrane in conjunction with the palladium membrane, to demonstrate that 99+% H{sub 2} purity and a high degree of CO{sub 2} capture could be achieved. In summary, the stability and performance of the full-scale hydrogen selective CMS membrane/module has been verified in multiple field tests in the presence of coal/biomass gasifier off-gas under this project. A promi

Paul Liu

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Enemy at the Water Cooler: True Stories of Insider Threats and Enterprise Security Management Countermeasures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The book covers a decade of work with some of the largest commercial and government agencies around the world in addressing cyber security related to malicious insiders (trusted employees, contractors, and partners). It explores organized crime, terrorist ... Keywords: Computer Science, Security

Brian Contos; Dave Kleiman

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

True costs of cheap labor are hard to measure: edge deletion and VCG payments in graphs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address the problem of lowering the buyer's expected payments in shortest path auctions, where the buyer's goal is to purchase a path in a graph in which edges are owned by selfish agents. We show that by deleting some of the edges of the graph, one ... Keywords: auction, mechanism design, shortest paths

Edith Elkind

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

P.: Relaxed—on the Way Towards True Validation of Compound Documents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To maintain interoperability in the Web environment it is necessary to comply with Web standards. Current specifications of HTML and XHTML languages define conformance conditions both in specification prose and in a formalized way utilizing DTD. Unfortunately DTD is a very limited schema language and can not express many constraints that are specified in the free text parts of the specification. This means that a page which validates against DTD is not necessarily conforming to the specification. In this article we analyze features of modern schema languages that can improve validation of Web pages by covering more (X)HTML language constraints then DTD. Our schemas use combination of RELAX NG and Schematron to check not only the structure of the Web pages, but also datatypes of attributes and elements, more complex relations between elements and some WCAG checkpoints. A modular approach for schema composition is presented together with usage examples, including sample schemas for various compound documents (e.g. XHTML combined with MathML and SVG). The second part of this article contains description of Relaxed validator application we have developed. Relaxed is an extensible and powerful validation engine offering a convenient Web interface, a Web-service API, Java API and command-line interface. Combined with our RELAX NG + Schematron schemas, Relaxed offers very valuable validation results that surpass W3C validator in many aspects.

Jirka Kosek; Petr Nálevka

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

On the true nature of transfer reactions leading to the complete fusion of projectile and target  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transfer of nucleons in hot-fusion reactions occurs within 0.17 yoctosecond, in a new state of nuclear matter. We suggest that the same state should show itself in an early stage of the phenomena occurring in nucleus-nucleus collisions realized at relativistic energies.

G. Mouze; C. Ythier

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

230

Achieving True Video-on-Demand Service in Multi-Hop WiMax Mesh Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mesh Network Configuration (MSH-NCFG) messages. Each MSH-NCFG message contains a Network Descriptor by listening to MSH-NCFG messages. From all the possible neighboring nodes that advertise MSH-NCFG messages

Hua, Kien A.

231

What causes the density effect in young forest plantations?  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In young forest plantations, trees planted at high densities frequently show more rapid height and diameter growth than those plants at lower densities. This positive growth response to density (the ''density effect'') often manifests long before seedlings are tall enough to shade one another, so it is not a simple response to shade. The mechanism(s) which trigger and sustain this growth enhancement are unknown. Our objectives were to document the temporal dynamics of positive growth response to increasing density in Douglas-fir plantations and to test two hypotheses as potential mechanisms for this response. The hypotheses are (1) a canopy boundary layer effect, and (2) alterations in the quality of light reflected from neighboring trees. The ''boundary layer'' hypotheses proposes that changes in atmospheric mixing occur in high-density plantations, promoting increased concentrations of CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}O vapor during early morning hours, which in turn would enhance carbon assimilation. The ''light quality'' hypothesis proposes that the presence of neighbors alters the ratio of red to far red light in the canopy environment. Plant sensors detect this change in light quality, and growth and development is altered in response. We found that boundary layer conductance was higher, as we predicted, in low-density Douglas-fir stands than in high-density stands five years after planting. The changes in boundary conductance were accompanied by higher CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}O vapor during early morning hours. However, we also found that the primary manifestation of the density effect in Douglas-fir occurs two to four years after planting, and we were not able to measure differences in boundary conductance in different densities at that time. Also, we found no difference in carbon isotope composition of wood cellulose formed in high- vs. low-density stands two to three years after planting. We conclude that although stand density may have a significant impact on boundary layer conductance in young stands, it does not account for the ''density effect''. Our tests of the light quality hypothesis were slowed due to poor plantation establishment in the early phase of this study. In a variable density experiment we detected significant changes in R:FR related to density. Also in that study we measured a significant enhancement of tree height at high density. However, after three years of growth, the study trees did not show significant differences in stem diameter related to density. Experimenters at Weyerhaeuser therefore decided not to harvest the trees at the end of the 3rd growth year, as originally planned. In a 1-year study of seedlings planted in raised beds subjected to different light quality treatments using transparent plastic film, we found that tree height but not diameter increased in response to decreased R:FR. At this point, we conclude that R:FR remains a viable hypothesis for the ''density effect'', but evidence is not conclusive. We expect that continued measurements in the variable density test plot at Weyerhaeuser will add more evidence in the future.

Barbara J. Bond; Gary A. Ritchie

2002-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

232

Turbulence Considerations for Comparing Ecosystem Exchange over Old-Growth and Clear-Cut Stands For Limited Fetch and Complex Canopy Flow Conditions  

SciTech Connect

Carbon dioxide, water vapor and energy fluxes were measured using eddy covariance (EC) methodology over three adjacent forests in southern Washington State to identify stand-level age-effects on ecosystem exchange. The sites represent Douglas-fir forest ecosystems at two contrasting successional stages: old-growth (OG) and early seral (ES). Here we present eddy flux and meteorological data from two early seral stands and the Wind River AmeriFlux old-growth forest during the growing season (March-October) in 2006 and 2007. We show an alternative approach to the usual friction velocity (u*) method for determining periods of adequate atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) mixing based on the ratio of mean horizontal ({bar u}) and vertical ({bar w}) wind flow to a modified turbulent kinetic energy scale (uTKE). This new parameter in addition to footprint modeling showed that daytime CO{sub 2} fluxes (F{sub NEE}) in small clear-cuts (< 10 hectares) can be measured accurately with EC if micrometeorological conditions are carefully evaluated. Peak midday CO{sub 2} fluxes (F{sub NEE} = -14.0 to -12.3 {micro}mol m{sup -2} s{sup -1}) at OG were measured in April in both 2006 and 2007 before bud break when air and soil temperatures and vapor pressure deficit were relatively low, and soil moisture and light levels were favorable for photosynthesis. At the early seral stands, peak midday CO{sub 2} fluxes (F{sub NEE} = -11.0 to -8.7 {micro}mol m{sup -2} s{sup -1}) were measured in June and July while spring-time CO{sub 2} fluxes were much smaller (F{sub NEE} = -3.8 to -3.6 {micro}mol m{sup -2} s{sup -1}). Overall, we measured lower evapotranspiration (OG = 230 mm; ES = 297 mm) higher midday F{sub NEE} (OG F{sub NEE} = -9.0 {micro}mol m{sup -2} s{sup -1}; ES F{sub NEE} = -7.3 {micro}mol m{sup -2} s{sup -1}) and higher Bowen ratios (OG {beta} = 2.0. ES {beta} = 1.2) at the old-growth forest than at the ES sites during the summer months (May-August). Eddy covariance studies such as ours add critical land-atmosphere exchange data for an abundant, but rarely studied Douglas-fir age class.

Wharton, S; Schroeder, M; Paw U, K T; Falk, M; Bible, K

2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

233

LIDAR Wind Speed Measurement Analysis and Feed-Forward Blade Pitch Control for Load Mitigation in Wind Turbines: January 2010--January 2011  

SciTech Connect

This report examines the accuracy of measurements that rely on Doppler LIDAR systems to determine their applicability to wind turbine feed-forward control systems and discusses feed-forward control system designs that use preview wind measurements. Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems are able to measure the speed of incoming wind before it interacts with a wind turbine rotor. These preview wind measurements can be used in feed-forward control systems designed to reduce turbine loads. However, the degree to which such preview-based control techniques can reduce loads by reacting to turbulence depends on how accurately the incoming wind field can be measured. The first half of this report examines the accuracy of different measurement scenarios that rely on coherent continuous-wave or pulsed Doppler LIDAR systems to determine their applicability to feed-forward control. In particular, the impacts of measurement range and angular offset from the wind direction are studied for various wind conditions. A realistic case involving a scanning LIDAR unit mounted in the spinner of a wind turbine is studied in depth with emphasis on choices for scan radius and preview distance. The effects of turbulence parameters on measurement accuracy are studied as well. Continuous-wave and pulsed LIDAR models based on typical commercially available units were used in the studies present in this report. The second half of this report discusses feed-forward control system designs that use preview wind measurements. Combined feedback/feed-forward blade pitch control is compared to industry standard feedback control when simulated in realistic turbulent above-rated winds. The feed-forward controllers are designed to reduce fatigue loads, increasing turbine lifetime and therefore reducing the cost of energy. Three feed-forward designs are studied: non-causal series expansion, Preview Control, and optimized FIR filter. The input to the feed-forward controller is a measurement of incoming wind speeds that could be provided by LIDAR. Non-causal series expansion and Preview Control methods reduce blade root loads but increase tower bending in simulation results. The optimized FIR filter reduces loads overall, keeps pitch rates low, and maintains rotor speed regulation and power capture, while using imperfect wind measurements provided by the spinning continuous-wave LIDAR model.

Dunne, F.; Simley, E.; Pao, L.Y.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

V, Ii. Pat-SC&~, Ciructor, Elvision of Techdcal Jkitiseru  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

V, Ii. Pat-SC&~, Ciructor, Elvision of Techdcal V, Ii. Pat-SC&~, Ciructor, Elvision of Techdcal Jkitiseru I?. J. !%.Ltl2, Jr., chief, 5isC81bleDU3 Cperstions jw;ta, Prodcc' s.on Giviaion S-A-fiCi : PC: 3JS:?dl please '& advised that zrrangezkenta ?a-Je hem mde M.ti All.e~~ny ~~IWZI ta roll a% *Qdr %tcrylLct, 3. Y. plant on tkx3 firsC, xeclr4z.i of ZY&I m .nLh, %I=& shro*sgh June 1352, and -nil& !Sethlehe:a Stotl to roll at +,hai.r T~ckaxinna, 3. Y. plan% on the second n;ze:tznd of tk23 -IFx-xlth. 3: aould suaost, hcesvcr, thak you TZZE~ d.+A L!r. ?.. 2. Stenazt Ql' F]LO ti;e date or" csch xonth' s rollings a nee' r;. or so prfor to the s~eci?l' 3d ciara3 to yovids -for uiiorzsee2 cmtingencias, _ _ cc: 2~.3Snj, Tile (2) R. s. Stewart, YILI ;....-A. - - ..; ' , , *- .: _- -'

235

Oxbow Conservation Area; Middle Fork John Day River, Annual Report 2003-2004.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In early 2001, the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs, through their John Day Basin Office, concluded the acquisition of the Oxbow Ranch, now know as the Oxbow Conservation Area (OCA). Under a memorandum of agreement with the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), the Tribes are required to provided BPA an 'annual written report generally describing the real property interests in the Project, HEP analyses undertaken or in progress, and management activities undertaken or in progress'. The project during 2003 was crippled due to the aftermath of the BPA budget crisis. Some objectives were not completed during the first half of this contract because of limited funds in the 2003 fiscal year. The success of this property purchase can be seen on a daily basis. Water rights were utilized only in the early, high water season and only from diversion points with functional fish screens. After July 1, all of the OCA water rights were put instream. Riparian fences on the river, Ruby and Granite Boulder creeks continued to promote important vegetation to provide shade and bank stabilization. Hundreds of willow, dogwood, Douglas-fir, and cottonwood were planted along the Middle Fork John Day River. Livestock grazing on the property was carefully managed to ensure the protection of fish and wildlife habitat, while promoting meadow vigor and producing revenue for property taxes. Monitoring of property populations, resources, and management activities continued in 2003 to build a database for future management of this and other properties in the region.

Cochran, Brian

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

St  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

St St at ement of Co nside ration s RE QU EST BY MOSSE Y CREE K ENERGY FOR DO MESTIC A ND FOREI GN RIGHTS IN SU BJECT INVENTIONS S-124, 118 AND S- 124,156 M ADE IN THE CO URS E OF OR U ND ER UT-BATTELLE PRIME CONTRACT NO . DE-AC05 -000 R227 2 5; DO E WAIVER DOCKETS: W (l ) 2011-009 AND W(l) 2011-010 {COMBIN ED) Mossey Creek Energy (Pet itioner) has m ade a tim ely req uest for a waiver t o wo rldw ide undivided rights in two subject invent ions (th e subject inve ntio ns) made in the cou rs e of or und er UT-Battel le, Prime Contract No . DE-AC05-000R22725 . The fir st invention ( S-12 4,118) is entitled, "Therma lly Conducti ve Electri cally Insulati ng Sil icon Cont ain ing Ep oxy Mo ld ing Compound.'' The secon d invention (S-124, 156) is "Si nt ered Po lycrystalline Sili con Base d Ther rn oe lectric

237

L  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

, , . d Sepmber 20, 1976 . e E. K. Limp, Chfdf, Process Facilities Safety liranch, ~%&iCj kP3RT uF FlhimiiS : &TECH SPECSALlY S-EL Cuwr)wTIa:i On huyusf 19, 1976, Fred F, Ha_ytaod, DRdL, and I visttdd be A?j-TzcILi - planf in ' dardrvlltit, ;ic# YorX, to i3ake a orelir;linary assczimx~f of tile radIo?ocjical status of facilities ut47fzad durfnb3 lW-51 for X': contract mrk f WI 1 vi n.; urd a. GcLwter, Ham r4tina+r, ;iismssicms warz &id ' cliL1 :Ir. tionalj fir. Ted Ckx, mo Has fmf 1 iar tri tn t:~ ject wprk, ixsistzd in iGtntiPyiy involved blant arms. Foll~Anp SW- ¶s d szatment of fin4intjs: &arhtir;fts tijs toi4. Tne cmpqr, known as Al leyhany-ludlxa at ttw tin or' tse contract, rolled uranic oillets +to solId t-o&. Tile cf)cratiofh

238

Blog Feed: Vehicles | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

December 12, 2011 December 12, 2011 John Ferrell (center -- 4th from left) participates in a ribbon cutting ceremony marking the grand opening of a cellulosic ethanol demonstration facility in Tennessee. | Photo by Amy Smotherman Burgess. Biomass for the Nation: How One Energy Department Expert Has Helped Lead the Way A look at one Energy Department employee's impact on the biofuels industry. December 12, 2011 Rajit Sapar analyzes samples at the Joint BioEnergy Institute's lab. | Photo by Roy Kaltschmidt at Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. Researchers Borrow From Fir Tree to Create Biodiesel Researchers at the Office of Science's Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) have tapped an unlikely source to help create a renewable alternative to diesel fuel. December 12, 2011 Dr. Riccardo Signorelli, CEO of FastCAP Systems meets with Secretary Chu. Signorelli founded a startup focused on researching and developing carbon nanotube ultracapacitors and was chosen by Technology Review as a "35 Under 35" innovator along with Foro Energy's Dr. Joel Moxely (another ARPA-E performer). | Courtesy of ARPA-E.

239

PLJ3ASE RUSH ANALYTICAL DATA SHEET  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

+-L3-+. I +-L3-+. I PLJ3ASE RUSH -- ANALYTICAL DATA SHEET ANALYTICAL DEPT. - HULTH AND SAFETY DIVISIDN 1956 lnd&rial Hyglono or Mediul Dept. I. H.# 929 Sample Nor-ato Colloctod-6/14byARouto to- ' a Location @kUEN WWH CO- 1~ : Jypo Alphau Rama& NUWOOD. WI0 "' of Samplo_nirduslf__Analyzed for F U Beta Stamping wrahor8.fm jqtip6 of U heated in 900° P salt No Ro 5 bath. ' :,.a r ' .. ? ' ). ;..- *fhv 11 $- n _... .I < Oil 3 PH kmph No. . . , r, . Hour *- SImplr Description Be Th jR(T(Q 6375 1144 GA Pre66 area durinn stamina of 14 I a .16 I I I wa8her8. I I I 1 fl&ed off very rapidly. One waahcr mug& fir I + 1.: $. (! ., I I I~NJA~WICAL UBORATORY MPAII' IMENT (RCCOaD COW) 3.MEDICAL DEPARTMENT Z.INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE DEPARTMENT 4-DIRECTOR OF WEALTH b

240

Collision-induced galaxy formation: semi-analytical model and multi-wavelength predictions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A semi-analytic model is proposed that couples the Press-Schechter formalism for the number of galaxies with a prescription for galaxy-galaxy interactions that enables to follow the evolution of galaxy morphologies along the Hubble sequence. Within this framework, we calculate the chemo-spectrophotometric evolution of galaxies to obtain spectral energy distributions. We find that such an approach is very successful in reproducing the statistical properties of galaxies as well as their time evolution. We are able to make predictions as a function of galaxy type: for clarity, we restrict ourselves to two categories of galaxies: early and late types that are identified with ellipticals and disks. In our model, irregulars are simply an early stage of galaxy formation. In particular, we obtain good matches for the galaxy counts and redshift distributions of sources from UV to submm wavelengths. We also reproduce the observed cosmic star formation history and the diffuse background radiation, and make predictions as to the epoch and wavelength at which the dust-shrouded star formation of spheroids begins to dominate over the star formation that occurs more quiescently in disks. A new prediction of our model is a rise in the FIR luminosity density with increasing redshift, peaking at about $z\\sim 3$, and with a ratio to the local luminosity density $\\rho_{L,\

Christophe Balland; Julien E. G. Devriendt; Joe Silk

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Herschel/PACS observations of young sources in Taurus: the far-infrared counterpart of optical jets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observations of the atomic and molecular line emission associated with jets and outflows emitted by young stellar objects can be used to trace the various evolutionary stages they pass through as they evolve to become main sequence stars. To understand the relevance of atomic and molecular cooling in shocks, and how accretion and ejection efficiency evolves with the source evolutionary state, we will study the far-infrared counterparts of bright optical jets associated with Class I and II sources in Taurus (T Tau, DG Tau A, DG Tau B, FS Tau A+B, and RW Aur). We have analysed Herschel/PACS observations of a number of atomic ([OI]63um, 145um, [CII]158um) and molecular (high-J CO, H2O, OH) lines, collected within the OTKP GASPS. To constrain the origin of the detected lines we have compared the FIR emission maps with the emission from optical-jets and millimetre-outflows, and the line fluxes and ratios with predictions from shock and disk models. All of the targets are associated with extended emission in the at...

Podio, L; Flower, D; Howard, C; Sandell, G; Mora, A; Aresu, G; Brittain, S; Dent, W F R; Pinte, C; White, G J

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Fine structure collision strengths and line ratios for [Ne V] in infrared and optical sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improved collisions strengths for the mid-infrared and optical transitions in Ne V are presented. Breit-Pauli R-Matrix calculations for electron impact excitation are carried out with fully resolved near-threshold resonances at very low energies. In particular, the fine structure lines at 14 micron and 24 micron due to transitions among the ground state levels 1s^22s^22p^3 (^3P_{0,1,2}), and the optical/near-UV lines at 2973, 3346 and 3426 Angstrom transitions among the ^3P_{0,1,2}, ^1D_2, ^1S_0 levels are described. Maxwellian averaged collision strengths are tabulated for all forbidden transistion within the ground configuration. Significant differences are found in the low temperature range Te < 10000 K for both the FIR and the opitcal transitions compared to previous results. An analysis of the 14/24 line ratio in low-energy-density (LED) plasma conditions reveals considerable variation; the effective rate coefficient may be dominated by the very low-energy behaviour rather than the maxwellian averaged...

Dance, Michael; Nahar, Sultana N; Pradhan, Anil K

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS DOE/EIS-0285/SA-08  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clearing C-trees along the south side of the right-of-way. This project meets the standards and guidelines for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and Record of Decision (ROD). The project involves controlling all tall growing trees (C-Trees) within the right-of-way. All work is to be done on the south side of centerline. Target vegetation is the tall growing Firs along the edge of the ROW, all of which is located within the back yards of the property owners along the right-of-way. The density of vegetation is low and consists of C-Trees located within backyards, with the branches growing towards the lines. Due to lack of access and past verbal agreements with the landowners, permission/agreement has been difficult to obtain from the property owners. Permission has now been obtained to remove the C-Trees within their back yards which, will soon be a hazard to our transmission line facility. We are working with the landowners to get them to plant low growing scrubs and ornamentals within the right-of-way and adjacent to the right-of-way. A follow up herbicide treatment is not planned because the trees being cut will not re-sprout. This right-of-way or project area is on a three to four year maintenance schedule. Little or no treatment should be required in the immediate future.

N /A

2001-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

244

Warm molecular hydrogen in the Spitzer SINGS galaxy sample  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(simplified) Results on the properties of warm H2 in 57 normal galaxies are derived from H2 rotational transitions, obtained as part of SINGS. This study extends previous extragalactic surveys of H2, the most abundant constituent of the molecular ISM, to more common systems (L_FIR = e7 to 6e10 L_sun) of all morphological and nuclear types. The S(1) transition is securely detected in the nuclear regions of 86% of SINGS galaxies with stellar masses above 10^9.5 M_sun. The derived column densities of warm H2 (T > ~100 K), even though averaged over kiloparsec-scale areas, are commensurate with those of resolved PDRs; the median of the sample is 3e20 cm-2. They amount to between 1% and >30% of the total H2. The power emitted in the sum of the S(0) to S(2) transitions is on average 30% of the [SiII] line power, and ~4e-4 of the total infrared power (TIR) within the same area for star-forming galaxies, which is consistent with excitation in PDRs. The fact that H2 emission scales tightly with PAH emission, even thoug...

Roussel, H; Hollenbach, D J; Draine, B T; Smith, J D; Armus, L; Schinnerer, E; Walter, F; Engelbracht, C W; Thornley, M D; Kennicutt, R C; Calzetti, D; Dale, D A; Murphy, E J; Bot, C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Shutdown Margin for High Conversion BWRs Operating in Th-233U Fuel Cycle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Several reactivity control system design options are explored in order to satisfy shutdown margin (SDM) requirements in a high conversion BWRs operating in Th-233U fuel cycle (Th-RBWR). The studied has an axially heterogeneous fuel assembly structure with a single fissile zone sandwiched between two fertile blanket zones. The utilization of an originally suggested RBWR Y-shape control rod in Th-RBWR is shown to be insufficient for maintaining adequate SDM to balance the high negative reactivity feedbacks, while maintaining fuel breeding potential, core power rating, and minimum Critical Power Ratio (CPR). Instead, an alternative assembly design, also relying on heterogeneous fuel zoning, is proposed for achieving fissile inventory ratio (FIR) above unity, adequate SDM and meeting minimum CPR limit at thermal core output matching the ABWR power. The new concept was modeled as a single 3-dimensional fuel assembly having reflective radial boundaries, using the BGCore system, which consists of the MCNP code coupled with fuel depletion and thermo-hydraulic feedback modules.

Yaniv Shaposhnik; Eugene Shwageraus; Ezra Elias

2013-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

246

Commissioning of the IGp Feedback System at DAFNE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The iGp (Integrated Gigasample Processor) is an innovative digital bunch-by-bunch feedback system developed by a KEK / SLAC / INFN-LNF joint collaboration. The processing unit can sample at 500 MHz and compute the bunch-by-bunch output signal for up to {approx}5000 bunches. The feedback gateware code is implemented inside just one FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array) chip, a Xilinx Virtex-II. The FPGA implements two banks of 16-tap FIR (Finite Impulse Response) filters. Each filter is realtime programmable through the operator interface. At DA{Phi}NE, the Frascati {Phi}-Factory, two iGp units have been commissioned in the April 2007. The iGp systems have substituted the previous betatron feedback systems. This insertion has been very fast and has shown no problems involving just a substitution of the old, less flexible, digital systems, letting unchanged the baseband analog frontend and backend. The commissioning has been very simple, due to the complete and powerful EPICS operator interface, working well in local and remote operations. The software includes also tools for analyzing post processor data. A description of the commissioning with the operations done is reported.

Drago, A.; /Frascati; Fox, J.D.; /SLAC; Teytelman, D.; /Dimtel, Redwood City; Tobiyama, M.; /KEK, Tsukuba

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Far Infrared Study of IRAS 00494+5617 & IRAS 05327-0457  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High angular resolution far-infrared observations at 143 & 185 \\micron, using the TIFR 1-m balloon borne telescope, are presented for two Galactic star forming complexes associated with IRAS 00494+5617 and 05327-0457. The latter map also reveals the cold dust in OMC-3. The HIRES processed IRAS maps at 12, 25, 60 & 100 micron have also been presented for comparison. Both these regions are illuminated at the edges by high mass stars with substantial UV flux.The present study is aimed at quantifying the role of the nearby stars vis-a-vis embedded young stellar objects in the overall heating of these sources. Based on the FIR observations at 143 & 185 micron carried out simultaneously with almost identical angular resolution, reliable dust temperature and optical depth maps have been generated for the brighter regions of these sources. Radiative transfer modeling in spherical geometry has been carried out to extract physical parameters of these sources by considering the observational constraints like : spectral energy distribution, angular size at different wavelengths, dust temperature distribution etc. It has been concluded that for both IRAS 00494+5617 and IRAS 05327-0457, the embedded energy sources play the major role in heating them with finite contribution from the nearby stars. The best fit model for IRAS 00494+5617 is consistent with a simple two phase clump-interclump picture with $\\sim$ 5% volume filling factor (of clumps) and a density contrast of $\\approx$ 80.

B. Mookerjea; S. K. Ghosh; T. N. Rengarajan; S. N. Tandon; R. P. Verma

2000-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

248

Far Infrared Study of IRAS 00494+5617 & IRAS 05327-0457  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High angular resolution far-infrared observations at 143 & 185 \\micron, using the TIFR 1-m balloon borne telescope, are presented for two Galactic star forming complexes associated with IRAS 00494+5617 and 05327-0457. The latter map also reveals the cold dust in OMC-3. The HIRES processed IRAS maps at 12, 25, 60 & 100 micron have also been presented for comparison. Both these regions are illuminated at the edges by high mass stars with substantial UV flux.The present study is aimed at quantifying the role of the nearby stars vis-a-vis embedded young stellar objects in the overall heating of these sources. Based on the FIR observations at 143 & 185 micron carried out simultaneously with almost identical angular resolution, reliable dust temperature and optical depth maps have been generated for the brighter regions of these sources. Radiative transfer modeling in spherical geometry has been carried out to extract physical parameters of these sources by considering the observational constraints like...

Mookerjea, B; Rengarajan, T N; Tandon, S N; Verma, R P

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Electrical Energy Conservation Analyses of the Wood Products (SIC24) Industry in the BPA Service Sistrict : Mill Summary Report : Champion International Corporation, Roseburg, Oregon.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the partial results of a study conducted by Trans Energy Systems Industrial Division of URS Company for the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) under contract AC79-84BP18946. The objective of this effort was an electrical energy conservation analysis of the Wood Products Industry (Standard Industrial Code (SIC) 24) in the BPA service district. The analysis was conducted by selecting five representative mills in the BPA service area and performing electrical energy conservation surveys and analyses of these mills. This report presents the results of data gathering and analysis at the Champion International Corporation plywood mill in Roseburg, Oregon, which produces exterior, interior, sanded and tongue and groove/shiplap softwood plywood. The plant produces 170 million square feet of 3/8-inch basis plywood annually. Species processed include Douglas fir and hemlock. This report summarizes the mill data collected, the technical and economic analyses performed, the strategy used in ranking the individual electrical energy conservation opportunities found in each mill, the recommended energy conservation measures (ECM), the projected cost benefits of each ECM and the estimated impacts of each ECM on plant production and operation.

TransEnergy Systems, Inc.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Cost and Productivity of Multi-Product Processing for Small Diameter Trees : Final Report.  

SciTech Connect

This project evolved from an effort by the land manager, the United States Forest Service, to economically deal with thousands of acres of thick (doghair) Douglas-fir and hemlock forests on Washington's Olympic Peninsula. These forests are very densely stocked and the trees are small. Until this effort, there has been no reasonable way to get enough product from the sites to justify managing them. And, even this project required some special agreements between the landowner and the investigator to be viable. This report describes the in-woods processing system now working in doghair stands on the Quilcene District. As whole trees arrive at the landing, they are sorted by a Cat 225 shovel-type loader. Sawlogs are trimmed, limbed, bucked, and decked for transportation on conventional log trucks. Chip grade trees are passed through a prototype, multi-stem debarker/delimber and then chipped by a Morbark 23'' Chiparvester. Clean chips are transported in regular highway chip vans. All other materials, not sold as logs or clean chips, are processed by a prototype shredder, and taken from the site as hogfuel. 7 ref., 15 figs., 11 tabs.

Lambert, Michael B.; Howard, James O.; Hermann, Steven E.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

DEVELOPMENT AND DEMONSTRATION OF NOVEL LOW-NOx BURNERS IN THE STEEL INDUSTRY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gas Technology Institute (GTI), together with Hamworthy Peabody Combustion Incorporated (formerly Peabody Engineering Corporation), the University of Utah, and Far West Electrochemical have developed and demonstrated an innovative combustion system suitable for natural gas and coke-oven gas firing within the steel industry. The combustion system is a simple, low-cost, energy-efficient burner that can reduce NOx by more than 75%. The U.S. steel industry needs to address NOx control at its steelmaking facilities. A significant part of NOx emissions comes from gas-fired boilers. In steel plants, byproduct gases – blast furnace gas (BFG) and coke-oven gas (COG) – are widely used together with natural gas to fire furnaces and boilers. In steel plants, natural gas can be fired together with BFG and COG, but, typically, the addition of natural gas raises NOx emissions, which can already be high because of residual fuel-bound nitrogen in COG. The Project Team has applied its expertise in low-NOx burners to lower NOx levels for these applications by combining advanced burner geometry and combustion staging with control strategies tailored to mixtures of natural gas and byproduct fuel gases. These methods reduce all varieties of NOx – thermal NOx produced by high flame temperatures, prompt NOx produced by complex chain reactions involving radical hydrocarbon species and NOx from fuel-bound nitrogen compounds such as ammonia found in COG. The Project Team has expanded GTI’s highly successful low-NOx forced internal recirculation (FIR) burner, previously developed for natural gas-fired boilers, into facilities that utilize BFG and COG. For natural gas firing, these burners have been shown to reduce NOx emissions from typical uncontrolled levels of 80-100 vppm to single-digit levels (9 vppm). This is done without the energy efficiency penalties incurred by alternative NOx control methods, such as external flue gas recirculation (FGR), water injection, and selective non-catalytic reduction. The FIR burner was previously demonstrated on firetube and watertube boilers, and these units are still operating at several industrial and commercial boiler sites in sizes ranging from 2.5 to 60 million Btu/h. This report covers the development of an innovative combustion system suitable for natural gas or coke-oven gas firing within the steel industry. The prototype FIR burner was evaluated on a 20 million Btu/h watertube boiler. Acceptable burner performance was obtained when firing natural gas and simulated coke-oven gas doped with ammonia. The laboratory data reveals a direct relationship between NOx formation and the ammonia concentration in the fuel. In addition, NOx formation increases as the primary stoichiometric ratio (PSR) increases. Representative ammonia concentrations, as documented in the steel industry, ranged from 200 to 500 vppm. When the laboratory burner/boiler was operated with 500 vppm ammonia in the fuel, NOx emissions ranged from 50 to 75 vppm. This, conservatively, is 75% less than state-of-the-art burner performance. When the burner is operated with 200 vppm ammonia in the fuel, the corresponding NOx emissions would range from 30 to 45 vppm, 84% less than present burner technology. During field evaluation on a 174 million Btu/h industrial prototype burner both natural gas and actual COG from on-site generation were tested. Despite the elevated hydrogen cyanide and ammonia content in the COG throughout the test program, the FIR burner showed an improvement over baseline emissions. At full load; 167 million Btu/h, NOx emissions were relatively low at 169 vppm. This represents a 30% reduction compared to baseline emissions not accounting for the higher hydrogen cyanide content in the COG. CO emissions remained below 20 vppm and were stable across the firing range. This represents a 68% reduction compared to baseline CO emissions. When firing natural gas, emissions were stable as firing rate increased over the range. At low fire; 45 million Btu/h, NOx emissions where 33 vppm and increased at full load; 144 million Btu

Cygan, David

2006-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

252

Studying High Redshift Star Forming Galaxies at Centimeter and Millimeter Wavelengths  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss various aspects of centimeter and millimeter wavelength continuum and line observations of high redshift star forming galaxies. Perhaps the most important lesson is that sensitive observations at submm through cm wavelengths reveal a population of active star forming galaxies at high redshift which are unseen in deep optical surveys due to dust obscuration. Current models suggest that this population represents the formation of the spheroidal components of galaxies at z between 2 and 5, constituting about half of the total amount of cosmic star formation from the big bang to the present. High resolution imaging at cm wavelengths provides sub-arcsecond astrometry, and can be used to search for gravitational lensing and/or for the presence of an AGN. Radio continuum observations provide unique information on the magnetic fields in early galaxies, and give a gross indication of the star formation rate, while the radio-to-submm spectral index provides a rough indication of source redshift. Low J transitions of CO are redshifted into the cm bands for z > 2, allowing for sensitive searches for CO emission over large volumes at high redshift. We present recent results from the Very Large Array (VLA), and from the new 230 GHz MPIfR bolometer array at the IRAM 30m telescope. A wide field survey with the bolometer array indicates a cut-off in the source distribution function at FIR luminosities > 3e12 L_sun. Lastly, we summarize the scientific promise of the New VLA.

C. L. Carilli; K. M. Menten; M. S. Yun; F. Bertoldi; F. Owen; A. Dey

1999-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

253

ROSAT evidence for AGN and superwind activity in NGC 6240 and NGC 2782  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present ROSAT observations of the starburst galaxy NGC 2782 (HRI plus a weak PSPC frame) and the ultraluminous infrared galaxy NGC 6240 (PSPC). The (0.1-2.4) keV spectra of both objects appear similar. However, due to better sampling spectral modeling is only warranted in case of NGC 6240 for which both a single thermal Raymond-Smith model (kT = 0.44) or a hybrid model consisting of 80% power-law with the canonical photon index -1.9 plus 20% Raymond-Smith contribution (kT = 0.63) lead to good fits. However, the single thermal model turns out to be unlikely because it yields a luminosity of 3.8 10^{43} erg/s, which is hard to reach in a starburst superwind-scenario. The hybrid model leads to a more moderate luminosity of 5.2 10^{42} erg/s, of which 1.0 10^{42} erg/s can be attributed to shocked superwind gas. We link the remaining 4.2 10^{42} erg/s powerlaw to an AGN component because the alternative of inverse-compton scattering of the FIR radiation leads to a too low flux when estimated with available dat...

Schulz, H; Berghoefer, T W; Boer, B; Schulz, Hartmut; Komossa, Stefanie; Berghoefer, Thomas W.; Boer, Berto

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Geological and Geothermal Investigation of the Lower Wind River Valley, Southwestern Washington Cascade Range  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Wind River Valley, on the west slope of the Cascade Range, is a northwest-trending drainage that joins the Columbia River near Carson, Washington. The region has been heavily dissected by fluvial and glacial erosion. Ridges have sharp crests and deep subsidiary valleys typical of a mature topography, with a total relief of as much as 900 m. The region is vegetated by fir and hemlock, as well as dense, brushy ground-cover and undergrowth. The lower 8 km of the valley is privately owned and moderately populated. The upper reaches lies within the Gifford Pinchot National Forest, and include several campgrounds and day parks, the Carson National Fish Hatchery, and the Wind River Ranger Station and Wind River Nursery of the US Forest Service. Logging activity is light due to the rugged terrain, and consequently, most valley slopes are not accessible by vehicle. The realization that a potential for significant geothermal resources exists in the Wind River area was brought about by earlier exploration activities. Geologic mapping and interpretation was needed to facilitate further exploration of the resource by providing a knowledge of possible geologic controls on the geothermal system. This report presents the detailed geology of the lower Wind River valley with emphasis on those factors that bear significantly on development of a geothermal resource.

Berri, Dulcy A.; Korosec, Michael A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Design, fabrication and operation of a biomass fermentation facility. Technical progress report No. 3, April 1-July 31, 1979  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Further studies on process economics and optimization for hexose production from wood by dilute acid hydrolysis were conducted. In the previous report, detailed studies on process economics and optimization of hexose production were undertaken for a continuously stirred reactor (CSTR) and a plug flow reactor (PFR). These studies were based on Saeman's kinetics for a Douglas fir substrate. The studies in this report are based on Fagan's kinetics for a Kraft paper substrate. Application to a plug flow reactor and to a fixed bed reactor (FBR) have been undertaken. The initial results, as predicted in an earlier report, indicate that the FBR is at least comparable to a PFR in terms of process economics. Results of these studies are presented in Section 2.0. Section 4.0 describes the progress which has been achieved under Task 2 of this contract, Detailed Engineering Design, which had been interrupted by the unanticipated revisions, and concomitant delay, experienced in obtaining final approval of the conceptual design for the process development unit. The conceptual design of the process development unit is included.

O'Neil, D.J.; Colcord, A.R.; Bery, M.K.; Roberts, R.S.; Sondhi, D.K.; Robb, B.C.; Williams, R.R.; Cook, A.A.; Nachowiak, J.J.; Crider, J.D.

1979-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

FIRST SCIENCE OBSERVATIONS WITH SOFIA/FORCAST: PROPERTIES OF INTERMEDIATE-LUMINOSITY PROTOSTARS AND CIRCUMSTELLAR DISKS IN OMC-2  

SciTech Connect

We examine eight young stellar objects in the OMC-2 star-forming region based on observations from the SOFIA/FORCAST early science phase, the Spitzer Space Telescope, the Herschel Space Observatory, Two Micron All Sky Survey, Atacama Pathfinder Experiment, and other results in the literature. We show the spectral energy distributions (SED) of these objects from near-infrared to millimeter wavelengths, and compare the SEDs with those of sheet collapse models of protostars and circumstellar disks. Four of the objects can be modeled as protostars with infalling envelopes, two as young stars surrounded by disks, and the remaining two objects have double-peaked SEDs. We model the double-peaked sources as binaries containing a young star with a disk and a protostar. The six most luminous sources are found in a dense group within a 0.15 Multiplication-Sign 0.25 pc region; these sources have luminosities ranging from 300 L{sub Sun} to 20 L{sub Sun }. The most embedded source (OMC-2 FIR 4) can be fit by a class 0 protostar model having a luminosity of {approx}50 L{sub Sun} and mass infall rate of {approx}10{sup -4} M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1}.

Adams, Joseph D.; Herter, Terry L.; Gull, George E.; Henderson, Charles P.; Schoenwald, Justin; Stacey, Gordon [Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Space Sciences Bldg., Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Osorio, Mayra; Macias, Enrique [Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia, CSIC, Camino Bajo de Huetor 50, E-18008 Granada (Spain); Thomas Megeath, S.; Fischer, William J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Toledo, Mailstop 111, 2801 West Bancroft Street, Toledo, OH 43606 (United States); Ali, Babar [NHSC/IPAC/Caltech, 770 South Wilson Avenue, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Calvet, Nuria [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 825 Dennison Building, 500 Church St, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); D'Alessio, Paola [Centro de Radioastronomia y Astrofisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 58089 Morelia, Michoacan (Mexico); De Buizer, James M.; Shuping, Ralph Y. [SOFIA-University Space Research Association, NASA Ames Research Center, Mail Stop N211-3, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States); Keller, Luke D. [Ithaca College, Physics Department, 264 Ctr for Natural Sciences, Ithaca, NY 14850 (United States); Morris, Mark R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, 405 Hilgard Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547 (United States); Remming, Ian S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627 (United States); Stanke, Thomas [ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, D-85748 Garching bei Muenchen (Germany); Stutz, Amelia [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astronomie, Koenigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); and others

2012-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

257

PANCHROMATIC ESTIMATION OF STAR FORMATION RATES IN BzK GALAXIES AT 1 < z < 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We determine star formation rates (SFRs) in a sample of color-selected, star-forming (sBzK) galaxies (K{sub AB} < 21.8) in the Extended Chandra Deep Field-South. To identify and avoid active galactic nuclei, we use X-ray, IRAC color, and IR/radio flux ratio selection methods. Photometric redshift-binned, average flux densities are measured with stacking analyses in Spitzer-MIPS IR, BLAST and APEX/LABOCA submillimeter, VLA and GMRT radio, and Chandra X-ray data. We include averages of aperture fluxes in MUSYC UBVRIz'JHK images to determine UV-through-radio spectral energy distributions. We determine the total IR luminosities and compare SFR calibrations from FIR, 24 {mu}m, UV, radio, and X-ray wavebands. We find consistency with our best estimator, SFR{sub IR+UV}, to within errors for the preferred radio SFR calibration. Our results imply that 24 {mu}m only and X-ray SFR estimates should be applied to high-redshift galaxies with caution. Average IR luminosities are consistent with luminous infrared galaxies. We find SFR{sub IR+UV} for our stacked sBzKs at median redshifts 1.4, 1.8, and 2.2 to be 55 {+-} 6 (random error), 74 {+-} 8, and 154 {+-} 17 M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1}, respectively, with additional systematic uncertainty of a factor of {approx}2.

Kurczynski, Peter; Gawiser, Eric [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States); Huynh, Minh [International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research, University of Western Australia M468, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009 (Australia); Ivison, Rob J. [UK Astronomy Technology Centre, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ (United Kingdom); Treister, Ezequiel [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Smail, Ian [Institute for Computational Cosmology, Department of Physics, Durham University, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); Blanc, Guillermo A. [Department of Astronomy, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX (United States); Cardamone, Carolin N. [Physics Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Greve, Thomas R.; Schinnerer, Eva; Van der Werf, Paul [MPI for Astronomy, Koenigstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Urry, Meg [Department of Physics, Yale University, P.O. Box 208121, New Haven, CT 06520-8121 (United States)

2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

258

On the future of BNL user facilities  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to portray the emerging technology of high-power high-brightness electron beams. This new technology will impact several fields of science and it is essential that BNL stay abreast of the development. BNL has a relative advantage and vital interest in pursuing this technology that will impact its two major facilities, the NSLS and RHIC. We have a sensible development path towards this critical future technology, in which BNL will gradually acquire a strong basis of Superconducting Radio Frequency (SRF) technology while executing useful projects. The technology of high-power AND high-brightness (HPHB) electron beams is based of the convergence of two extant, but relatively recent technologies: Photoinjectors and superconducting energy-recovering linacs. The HPHB technology presents special opportunities for the development of future BNL user facilities for High-Energy and Nuclear Science (HE-NP) and Basic Energy Science (BES). In HE-NP this technology makes it possible to build high-energy electron cooling for RHIC in the short range and a unique linac-based electron-ion collider (eRHIC). In BES, we can build short pulse, coherent FIR sources and high flux femtosecond hard x-ray sources based on Compton scattering in the short range and, in the longer range, femtosecond, ultra-high brightness synchrotron light sources and, ultimately, an X-ray Free-Electron Laser (FEL).

Ben-Zvi, I.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Subcritical Crack Growth Processes in SiC/SiC Ceramic Matrix Composites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ceramic matrix composites have the potential to operate at high-temperatures and are, therefore being considered for a variety of advanced energy technologies such as combustor liners in land based gas turbo/generators, heat exchangers and advanced fission and fusion reactors. Ceramic matrix composites exhibit a range of crack growth mechanisms driven by a range of environmental and nuclear conditions. The crack growth mechanisms include: 1) fiber relaxation by thermal (FR) and irradiation (FIR) processes, 2) fiber stress-rupture (SR), 3) interface removal (IR) by oxidation, and 4) oxidation embrittlement (OE) resulting from glass formation including effects of glass viscosity. Analysis of these crack growth processes has been accomplished with a combination experimental/modeling effort. Dynamic, high-temperature, in situ crack growth measurements have been made in variable Ar + O2 environments while a PNNL developed model has been used to extrapolate this data and to add radiation effects. In addition to the modeling effort, a map showing these mechanisms as a function of environmental parameters was developed. This mechanism map is an effective tool for identifying operating regimes and predicting behavior. The process used to develop the crack growth mechanism map was to: 1) hypothesize and experimentally verify the operative mechanisms, 2) develop an analytical model for each mechanism, and 3) define the operating regime and boundary conditions for each mechanism. A map for SiC/SiC composites has been developed for chemical and nuclear environments as a function of temperature and time.

Jones, Russell H.; Henager, Charles H.

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Papers presented at the Tenth Topical Conference on High-Temperature Plasma Diagnostics  

SciTech Connect

This report contains papers on the following topics: Effects of limited spatial resolution on fluctuation measurements; vertical viewing of electron-cyclotron radiation in Text-U; measurement of temperature fluctuations from electron-cyclotron emission; a varying cross section magnetic coil diagnostic used in digital feedback control of plasma position in Text-Upgrade; high-sensitivity, high resolution measurements of radiated power on Text-U; wave launching as a diagnostic tool to investigate plasma turbulence; edge parameters from an energy analyzer and particle transport on Text-U; initial results from a charge exchange q-Diagnostic on Text-U; a method for neutral spectra analysis taking ripple-trapped particle losses into account; application of a three sample volume{sup S(k,{omega}}) estimate to optical measurements of turbulence on Text; initial operation of the 2D Firsis on Text-Upgrade; horizontal-view interferometer on Text-Upgrade; plasma potential measurements on Text-Upgrade with A 2 MeV heavy ion beam; fluctuation measurements using the 2 MeV heavy ion beam probe on Text-U; the time domain triple probe method; a phase contrast imaging system for Text-U; and development of rugged corner cube detectors for the Text-U-Fir interferometer. These papers have been placed on the database elsewhere.

Not Available

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Exploring the infrared/radio correlation at high redshift  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have analysed the 24um properties of a radio-selected sample in the Subaru-XMM/Newton Deep Field in order to explore the behaviour of the FIR/radio relation at high redshifts. Statistically, the correlation is described by q24, the ratio between the observed flux densities at 24um and 1.4GHz, respectively. Using 24um data results in considerably more scatter in the correlation than previous work using data at 60-70um. Nevertheless, we do observe a steady correlation as a function of redshift, up to z~3.5, suggesting its validity back to primeval times. We find q24 = 0.30 +/- 0.56 for the observed and q24 = 0.71 +/- 0.47 for the k-corrected radio sample, based on sources with 300uJy 1mJy. The rest-frame U-B colours of the expected radio-excess population have redder distribution than those that follow the correlation. This is therefore a promising way to select obscured Type-2 AGN, with a radio loud nature, missed by deep X-ray observations. Spectroscopic follow-up of these sources is required to fully test this method.

Edo Ibar; Michele Cirasuolo; Rob Ivison; Philip Best; Ian Smail; Andy Biggs; Chris Simpson; Jim Dunlop; Omar Almaini; Ross McLure; Sebastien Foucaud; Steve Rawlings

2008-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

262

Too Good to Be True? The Unintended Signaling Effects of Educational Prestige on External Expectations of Team Performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we report the results of two experimental studies designed to test how demographic characteristics affect outsiders' assessments of a firm's top managers. We draw on theories of evaluation and status characteristics to examine the interactive ... Keywords: affirmative action bias, diversity, external evaluation, status

Stephen J. Sauer; Melissa C. Thomas-Hunt; Patrick A. Morris

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Qualification Plan for Phase One of True-MidPacific Geothermal Venture: James Campbell - Kahaualea Project, Island of Hawaii  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to develop the geothermal resources of the James Campbell Estate, comprising acres in the Puna District of the Island of Hawaii. The geothermal resource is assumed to exist in the vicinity of the East Rift of the Kilauea volcano. The location of the proposed geothermal well field and the geothermal-electric power plant are shown on Dwg. No. E-04-001. Access to the project area will be provided by a new road extension from the boundary road south from Glenwood on Highway 11.

None

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Demonstration of a linear optical true-time delay device by use of a microelectromechanical mirror array  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

different switchable delays. The organization of this paper is as follows: We start by reviewing the White into the cell. We adapt the White cell to TTD by adding a second White cell and using the MEMS device to switch in a multiple reflection spherical mirror configuration based on the White cell. Divergence is avoided

Anderson, Betty Lise

265

Laser-Based Non-Intrusive Detection System for Measurement of True Travel Time on the Highway 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

United States Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration. The contents of this report reflect the views of the authors who are responsible for the facts and the accuracy of the data presented herein. The contents do not necessarily reflect the official views or policies of the State of California. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation. Report for MOU 3005

Harry H. Cheng; Ben Shaw; Joe Palen; Bin Lin; Xudong Hu; Bo Chen; Jason Parks; Harry H. Cheng; Ben Shaw; Joe Palen; Bin Lin; Xudong Hu; Bo Chen; Jason Parks

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

“The True Story of Seven Strangers Picked to Have Their Lives Taped”: Studying Race as Constructed on Reality Television  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present work examines the construction of race on reality television through the use of an exemplar in this genre, MTV's The Real World. By the sheer fact of its popularity and ubiquity, as The Real World is nearly two decades old and is the longest-running example of the genre, reality television programming warrants deeper academic investigation. The present work argues that as we are consuming mass media, we are also consuming specific ideas about our social world. These ideas inform audiences and are necessary to uncover in order to learn about the social structure of our racialized society. Findings reveal race and ethnicity is embedded in our culture and how this show has communicated race through its depiction and even exclusion. Further, findings reveal that racial and ethnic relations are most often depicted as a "Black versus White" issue. The current work focuses specifically on the construction of race because of the similarly ubiquitous nature of race in society. Because The Real World is a long-running series, it provides an ample database from which to sample for a discourse analysis. The show is marketed and viewed by a specific target audience such that it allows for the exploration of one of the research arguments: that we must continue to rethink and challenge our view that mass media audience members, specifically here television, are passive consumers of material. The present work seeks to extend the application of theoretical contributions of Hall, Morley, Ang, and Jenkins by applying models to a type of programming that complicates the vision of media where consumers and producers are identifiably different spheres. The field of reality television programming is unique because of its dependence on viewers to become cast members and participants in the media production process. Finally, as previous research has shown, even in fictional settings viewers have conflated the individual who plays a character and the character the actor is playing. Thus by analyzing issues of race, where the line between real and unreal is purposely blurred the impact of how race is constructed can be quite great.

Filoteo, Janie

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

DIFFUSE HARD X-RAY EMISSION IN STARBURST GALAXIES AS SYNCHROTRON FROM VERY HIGH ENERGY ELECTRONS  

SciTech Connect

The origin of the diffuse hard X-ray (2-10 keV) emission from starburst galaxies is a long-standing problem. We suggest that synchrotron emission of 10-100 TeV electrons and positrons (e {sup {+-}}) can contribute to this emission, because starbursts have strong magnetic fields. We consider three sources of e {sup {+-}} at these energies: (1) primary electrons directly accelerated by supernova remnants, (2) pionic secondary e {sup {+-}} created by inelastic collisions between cosmic ray (CR) protons and gas nuclei in the dense interstellar medium of starbursts, and (3) pair e {sup {+-}} produced between the interactions between 10 and 100 TeV {gamma}-rays and the intense far-infrared (FIR) radiation fields of starbursts. We create one-zone steady-state models of the CR population in the Galactic center (R {<=} 112 pc), NGC 253, M82, and Arp 220's nuclei, assuming a power-law injection spectrum for electrons and protons. We consider different injection spectral slopes, magnetic field strengths, CR acceleration efficiencies, and diffusive escape times, and include advective escape, radiative cooling processes, and secondary and pair e {sup {+-}}. We compare these models to extant radio and GeV and TeV {gamma}-ray data for these starbursts, and calculate the diffuse synchrotron X-ray and inverse Compton (IC) luminosities of these starbursts in the models which satisfy multiwavelength constraints. If the primary electron spectrum extends to {approx}PeV energies and has a proton/electron injection ratio similar to the Galactic value, we find that synchrotron emission contributes 2%-20% of their unresolved, diffuse hard X-ray emission. However, there is great uncertainty in this conclusion because of the limited information on the CR electron spectrum at these high energies. IC emission is likewise a minority of the unresolved X-ray emission in these starbursts, from 0.1% in the Galactic center to 10% in Arp 220's nuclei, with the main uncertainty being the starbursts' magnetic field. We also model generic starbursts, including submillimeter galaxies, in the context of the FIR-X-ray relation, finding that anywhere between 0% and 16% of the total hard X-ray emission is synchrotron for different parameters, and up to 2% in the densest starbursts assuming an E {sup -2.2} injection spectrum and a diffusive escape time of 10 Myr (E/3 GeV){sup -1/2} (h/100 pc). Neutrino observations by IceCube and TeV {gamma}-ray data from HESS, VERITAS, and CTA can further constrain the synchrotron X-ray emission of starbursts. Our models do not constrain the possibility of hard, second components of primary e {sup {+-}} from sources like pulsars in starbursts, which could enhance the synchrotron X-ray emission further.

Lacki, Brian C. [Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States)] [Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States); Thompson, Todd A. [Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Interlayer Structure and Dynamics of Cl-Bearing Hydrotalcite: Far Infrared Spectroscopy and Molecular Dynamics Modeling  

SciTech Connect

Comparison of the observed far-infrared (FIR) spectrum of Cl--containing hydrotalcite, [Mg3Al(OH)8]Cl?3H2O, with its power spectrum calculated using molecular dynamics (MD) computer simulation provides greatly increased understanding of the structure and vibrational dynamics in the interlayers of layered double hydroxides. The simulation model assumes an ordered Mg3Al arrangement in the octahedral layer and no constraints on the movement of any atoms or on the geometry and symmetry of the simulation supercell. Calculated anisotropic components of the individual atomic power spectra in combination with computed animations of the vibrational modes from normal mode analysis allow for reliable interpretations of the observed spectral bands. For the vibrations related to octahedral cation motions, bands near 145, 180 and 250 cm-1 are due dominantly to Mg vibration in the z direction (perpendicular to the hydroxide layers), Al vibration in the z direction and Mg and Al vibrations in the x-y plane (parallel to the hydroxide layers), respectively. The low frequency vibrational motions of the interlayer are controlled by a network of hydrogen bonds formed among interlayer water molecules, Cl- ions, and the OH groups of the main hydroxide layers. The bands near 40-70 cm-1 are related to the translational motions of interlayer Cl- and H2O in the x-y plane, and the bands near 120 cm-1 and 210 cm-1 are due largely to translational motions of the interlayer species in the z direction. The three librational modes of interlayer water molecules near 390, 450 and 540 cm-1 correspond to twisting, rocking and wagging hindered rotations, respectively. The spectral components of the interlayer Cl- motions are remarkably similar to those of bulk aqueous chloride solutions, reflecting the structural and dynamic similarity of the nearest-neighbor Cl- environments in the interlayer and in solution.

Wang, Jianwei; Kalinichev, Andrey G.; Amonette, James E.; Kirkpatrick, Robert J.

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

The flash pyrolysis and methanolysis of biomass (wood) for production of ethylene, benzene and methanol  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The process chemistry of the flash pyrolysis of biomass (wood) with the reactive gases, H{sub 2} and CH{sub 4} and with the non-reactive gases He and N{sub 2} is being determined in a 1 in. downflow tubular reactor at pressures from 20 to 1000 psi and temperatures from 600 to 1000{degrees}C. With hydrogen, flash hydropyrolysis leads to high yields of methane and CO which can be used for SNG and methanol fuel production. With methane, flash methanolysis leads to high yields of ethylene, benzene and CO which can be used for the production of valuable chemical feedstocks and methanol transportation fuel. At reactor conditions of 50 psi and 1000{degrees}C and approximately 1 sec residence time, the yields based on pine wood carbon conversion are up to 25% for ethylene, 25% for benzene, and 45% for CO, indicating that over 90% of the carbon in pine is converted to valuable products. Pine wood produces higher yields of hydrocarbon products than Douglas fir wood; the yield of ethylene is 2.3 times higher with methane than with helium or nitrogen, and for pine, the ratio is 7.5 times higher. The mechanism appears to be a free radical reaction between CH{sub 4} and the pyrolyzed wood. There appears to be no net production or consumption of methane. A preliminary process design and analysis indicates a potentially economical competitive system for the production of ethylene, benzene and methanol based on the methanolysis of wood. 10 refs., 18 figs., 1 tab.

Steinberg, M.; Fallon, P.T.; Sundaram, M.S.

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

DISMANTLING OF THE FUEL CELL LABORATORY AT RESEARCH CENTRE JUELICH  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The fuel cell laboratory was constructed in three phases and taken into operation in the years 1962 to 1966. The last experimental work was carried out in 1996. After all cell internals had been disassembled, the fuel cell laboratory was transferred to shutdown operation in 1997. Three cell complexes, which differed, in particular, by the type of shielding (lead, cast steel, concrete), were available until then for activities at nuclear components. After approval by the regulatory authority, the actual dismantling of the fuel cell laboratory started in March 2000. The BZ I laboratory area consisted of 7 cells with lead shieldings of 100 to 250 mm thickness. This area was dismantled from April to September 2000. Among other things, approx. 30,000 lead bricks with a total weight of approx. 300 Mg were dismantled and disposed of. The BZ III laboratory area essentially consisted of cells with concrete shieldings of 1200 to 1400 mm thickness. The dismantling of this area started in the fir st half of 2001 and was completed in November 2002. Among other things, approx. 900 Mg of concrete was dismantled and disposed of. Since more than 90 % of the dismantled materials was measurable for clearance, various clearance measurement devices were used during dismantling. The BZ II laboratory area essentially consists of cells with cast steel shieldings of 400 to 460 mm thickness. In September 2002 it was decided to continue using this laboratory area for future tasks. The dismantling of the fuel cell laboratory was thus completed. After appropriate refurbishment, the fuel cell laboratory will probably take up operation again in late 2003.

Stahn, B.; Matela, K.; Bensch, D.; Ambos, Frank

2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

271

Longevity effects on the performance of fire detectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Smoke detectors, a critical part of any fire detection system, are employed as safety devices to warn building inhabitants of life threatening particles resulting from combustion. Two types of detectors are currently on the market: ionization and photoelectric. How longevity effects the performance of smoke detectors is a growing concern, not only for industry, but the American citizen as well. To determine longevity effects on the performance of detectors, a testing chamber was designed and constructed to measure the percent obscuration/ft, of smoke particles at the point of detector activation. Three different tests were conducted: smoldering tests using Douglas fir wood and urethane foam as a fuel source, and a flaming fire test using newspaper as the fuel source. A total of three hundred eighty tests were conducted using new, five (5), ten (10), and fifteen (15) year old ionization and photoelectric smoke detectors in an uncleaned and cleaned condition. Comparisons between the detectors performance was analyzed and reviewed. The results indicate that smoke detectors are often unreliable and are inconsistent in their pattern of activating within an acceptable operating range of 0.5% - 4.0% obscuration/ft. This study indicates that fifteen (15) year old detectors generally activate at a percentage exceeding 4.0% obscuration/ft., or often do not activate. Because of this finding and the fact that homeowners tend to not replace detectors once they are installed, further investigation into the causes for this shortcoming is warranted. Additionally, because of the generally unreliable behavior of current detectors, further research into the development of detectors that are durable and reliable is also warranted.

Dedear, Timothy Keith

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

ROSAT evidence for AGN and superwind activity in NGC 6240 and NGC 2782  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present ROSAT observations of the starburst galaxy NGC 2782 (HRI plus a weak PSPC frame) and the ultraluminous infrared galaxy NGC 6240 (PSPC). The (0.1-2.4) keV spectra of both objects appear similar. However, due to better sampling spectral modeling is only warranted in case of NGC 6240 for which both a single thermal Raymond-Smith model (kT = 0.44) or a hybrid model consisting of 80% power-law with the canonical photon index -1.9 plus 20% Raymond-Smith contribution (kT = 0.63) lead to good fits. However, the single thermal model turns out to be unlikely because it yields a luminosity of 3.8 10^{43} erg/s, which is hard to reach in a starburst superwind-scenario. The hybrid model leads to a more moderate luminosity of 5.2 10^{42} erg/s, of which 1.0 10^{42} erg/s can be attributed to shocked superwind gas. We link the remaining 4.2 10^{42} erg/s powerlaw to an AGN component because the alternative of inverse-compton scattering of the FIR radiation leads to a too low flux when estimated with available data. The result appears to be consistent with preliminarily announced ASCA observations. For NGC 2782 we find L_x = 4 10^{41} erg/s which can be explained by emission from a shocked superwind region with a high preshock density in agreement with earlier optical evidence for an outflowing supershell.

Hartmut Schulz; Stefanie Komossa; Thomas W. Berghoefer; Berto Boer

1997-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

273

Exploratory Technology Research Program for electrochemical energy storage: Annual report for 1993  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy`s Office of Propulsion Systems provides support for an Electrochemical Energy Storage Program, that includes research and development (R&D) on advanced rechargeable batteries and fuel cells. A major goal of this program is to develop electrochemical power sources suitable for application in electric vehicles (EVs). The program centers on advanced systems that offer the potential for high performance and low life-cycle costs, both of which are necessary to permit significant penetration into commercial markets. The DOE Electrochemical Energy Storage Program is divided into two projects: the Electric Vehicle Advanced Battery Systems (EVABS) Development Program and the Exploratory Technology Research (ETR) Program. The EVABS Program management responsibility has been assigned to Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) is responsible for management of the ETR Program. The EVABS and ETR Programs include an integrated matrix of R&D efforts designed to advance progress on selected candidate electrochemical systems. The United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC), a tripartite undertaking between DOE, the U.S. automobile manufacturers and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), was formed in 1991 to accelerate the development of advanced batteries for consumer EVs. The role of the FIR Program is to perform supporting research on the advanced battery systems under development by the USABC and EVABS Program, and to evaluate new systems with potentially superior performance, durability and/or cost characteristics. The specific goal of the ETR Program is to identify the most promising electrochemical technologies and transfer them to the USABC, the battery industry and/or the EVABS Program for further development and scale-up. This report summarizes the research, financial and management activities relevant to the ETR Program in CY 1993.

Kinoshita, K. [ed.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Biological Information Document, Radioactive Liquid Waste Treatment Facility  

SciTech Connect

This document is intended to act as a baseline source material for risk assessments which can be used in Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements. The current Radioactive Liquid Waste Treatment Facility (RLWTF) does not meet current General Design Criteria for Non-reactor Nuclear Facilities and could be shut down affecting several DOE programs. This Biological Information Document summarizes various biological studies that have been conducted in the vicinity of new Proposed RLWTF site and an Alternative site. The Proposed site is located on Mesita del Buey, a mess top, and the Alternative site is located in Mortandad Canyon. The Proposed Site is devoid of overstory species due to previous disturbance and is dominated by a mixture of grasses, forbs, and scattered low-growing shrubs. Vegetation immediately adjacent to the site is a pinyon-juniper woodland. The Mortandad canyon bottom overstory is dominated by ponderosa pine, willow, and rush. The south-facing slope was dominated by ponderosa pine, mountain mahogany, oak, and muhly. The north-facing slope is dominated by Douglas fir, ponderosa pine, and oak. Studies on wildlife species are limited in the vicinity of the proposed project and further studies will be necessary to accurately identify wildlife populations and to what extent they utilize the project area. Some information is provided on invertebrates, amphibians and reptiles, and small mammals. Additional species information from other nearby locations is discussed in detail. Habitat requirements exist in the project area for one federally threatened wildlife species, the peregrine falcon, and one federal candidate species, the spotted bat. However, based on surveys outside of the project area but in similar habitats, these species are not expected to occur in either the Proposed or Alternative RLWTF sites. Habitat Evaluation Procedures were used to evaluate ecological functioning in the project area.

Biggs, J.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

275

23/03/2009 13:16Bees and ants are true team players | Sindh Today Page 1 of 3http://www.sindhtoday.net/world/77976.htm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the queen carries and passes on their genes," he added. (ANI) Flights to Pakistan For Cheap flights To Pakistan Call Us Now 08703805040 (24/7) www.southalltravel.co.uk Over 3,000 Pakistan Rugs & Carpets Movie Free Movie India Pakistan Kashmir Info Pakistan Pakistan Chat with Meetic Chat with European

Reece, Sarah

276

Development and Testing of Field-Deployable Real-Time Laser-Based Non-Intrusive Detection System for Measurement of True Travel Time on the Highway  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laser-Based Non-Intrusive Detection System for MeasurementLaser-Based Non-Intrusive Detection System for Measurementsystems are entirely dependent on time-of-?ight laser measurements

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

A Field-Deployable Real-Time Laser-Based Non-Intrusive Detection System for Measurement of True Travel Time on the Highway  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Real- Time Laser-Based Detection System for Measurement ofTime Laser- Based Prototype Detection System for MeasurementLaser-Based Non-Intrusive Detection System for Measurement

Cheng, Harry H.; Shaw, Ben; Palen, Joe; Wang, Zhaoqing; Chen, Bo

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

ControlPanel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 17, True, AlngDat, d-mmm-yy, True, True, True, True, True, ! ... 19, True, AlngDatTim, d-mmm-yy hh:mm:ss, ! Restore screensize, True, False, False, ...

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

279

STR_ConvertFormats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 16. 17, True, AlngDat, dd-mmm-yy, ! Convert ... 18. 19, True, AlngDatTim, dd-mmm-yy hh:mm:ss, True, True, True, True, True, True, ! Display ...

2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

280

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-15)  

SciTech Connect

BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission lines. Work also includes clearing of a small (<1/4 mile) section of access road. All work will be in accordance with the National Electrical Safety Code and BPA standards. See Section 1.1 of the attached checklist for detailed information on each section of the referenced transmission lines. BPA will conduct the vegetation control with the goal of removing tall-growing vegetation that is currently or will soon be a hazard to the transmission lines and where possible to promote low-growing plant communities in the right-of-way. This project meets the standards and guidelines for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and Record of Decision (ROD). The vegetation needing control is mainly Douglas Fir, Alder, and blackberries as indicated in Section 1.2 of the attached checklist. The work involved in the ROW includes: clearing tall growing vegetation that is currently or will soon pose a hazard to the lines; treating the associated stumps and re-sprouts with herbicide to ensure that the roots are killed preventing new sprouts; and selectively eliminating tall growing vegetation before it reaches a height or density to begin competing with low-growing vegetation. All work will take place in existing rights-of-ways and around transmission structures. All work will be accomplished by selective vegetation control methods to assure that there is little potential harm to non-target vegetation and to low-growing plants. The work will provide system reliability and fire protection. Also, all off right-of-way trees that are potentially unstable and will fall within a minimum distance or into the zone where the conductors swing will be removed. Access roads will be treated using mowing and herbicide applications. The work will provide system reliability. The subject transmission lines range from 115kV to 230kV and are made up of accompanying access roads, steel and wooden transmission line structures and associated switching platforms. The minimum clearance ranges from 21 feet for 115kV lines to 23 feet for 230kV lines. ROW easement widths vary along the length of the project. Vegetation control for this project is designed to provide a 3 year maintenance free interval. In summary, the overall vegetation management scheme will be to selectively remove tall growing vegetation then apply selective herbicide treatment using cut stump applications.

N /A

2001-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-15)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission lines. Work also includes clearing of a small (tall-growing vegetation that is currently or will soon be a hazard to the transmission lines and where possible to promote low-growing plant communities in the right-of-way. This project meets the standards and guidelines for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and Record of Decision (ROD). The vegetation needing control is mainly Douglas Fir, Alder, and blackberries as indicated in Section 1.2 of the attached checklist. The work involved in the ROW includes: clearing tall growing vegetation that is currently or will soon pose a hazard to the lines; treating the associated stumps and re-sprouts with herbicide to ensure that the roots are killed preventing new sprouts; and selectively eliminating tall growing vegetation before it reaches a height or density to begin competing with low-growing vegetation. All work will take place in existing rights-of-ways and around transmission structures. All work will be accomplished by selective vegetation control methods to assure that there is little potential harm to non-target vegetation and to low-growing plants. The work will provide system reliability and fire protection. Also, all off right-of-way trees that are potentially unstable and will fall within a minimum distance or into the zone where the conductors swing will be removed. Access roads will be treated using mowing and herbicide applications. The work will provide system reliability. The subject transmission lines range from 115kV to 230kV and are made up of accompanying access roads, steel and wooden transmission line structures and associated switching platforms. The minimum clearance ranges from 21 feet for 115kV lines to 23 feet for 230kV lines. ROW easement widths vary along the length of the project. Vegetation control for this project is designed to provide a 3 year maintenance free interval. In summary, the overall vegetation management scheme will be to selectively remove tall growing vegetation then apply selective herbicide treatment using cut stump applications.

N /A

2001-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

282

A search for particle dark matter using cryogenic germanium and silicon detectors in the one- and two- tower runs of CDMS-II at Soudan  

SciTech Connect

Images of the Bullet Cluster of galaxies in visible light, X-rays, and through gravitational lensing confirm that most of the matter in the universe is not composed of any known form of matter. The combined evidence from the dynamics of galaxies and clusters of galaxies, the cosmic microwave background, big bang nucleosynthesis, and other observations indicates that 80% of the universe's matter is dark, nearly collisionless, and cold. The identify of the dar, matter remains unknown, but weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) are a very good candidate. They are a natural part of many supersymmetric extensions to the standard model, and could be produced as a nonrelativistic, thermal relic in the early universe with about the right density to account for the missing mass. The dark matter of a galaxy should exist as a spherical or ellipsoidal cloud, called a 'halo' because it extends well past the edge of the visible galaxy. The Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS) seeks to directly detect interactions between WIMPs in the Milky Way's galactic dark matter halo using crystals of germanium and silicon. Our Z-sensitive ionization and phonon ('ZIP') detectors simultaneously measure both phonons and ionization produced by particle interactions. In order to find very rare, low-energy WIMP interactions, they must identify and reject background events caused by environmental radioactivity, radioactive contaminants on the detector,s and cosmic rays. In particular, sophisticated analysis of the timing of phonon signals is needed to eliminate signals caused by beta decays at the detector surfaces. This thesis presents the firs two dark matter data sets from the deep underground experimental site at the Soudan Underground Laboratory in Minnesota. These are known as 'Run 118', with six detectors (1 kg Ge, 65.2 live days before cuts) and 'Run 119', with twelve detectors (1.5 kg Ge, 74.5 live days before cuts). They have analyzed all data from the two runs together in a single, combined analysis, with sensitivity to lower-energy interactions, careful control of data quality and stability, and further development of techniques for reconstructing event location and rejecting near-surface interactions from beta decays. They also present a revision to the previously published Run 119 analysis, a demonstration of the feasibility of a low-threshold (1 or 2 keV) analysis of Soudan data, and a review of the literature on charge generation and quenching relevant to the ionization signal.

Ogburn, Reuben Walter, IV; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

The JLab high power ERL light source  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A new THz/IR/UV photon source at Jefferson Lab is the first of a new generation of light sources based on an Energy-Recovered, (superconducting) Linac (ERL). The machine has a 160 MeV electron beam and an average current of 10 mA in 75 MHz repetition rate hundred femtosecond bunches. These electron bunches pass through a magnetic chicane and therefore emit synchrotron radiation. For wavelengths longer than the electron bunch the electrons radiate coherently a broadband THz {approx} half cycle pulse whose average brightness is > 5 orders of magnitude higher than synchrotron IR sources. Previous measurements showed 20 W of average power extracted[1]. The new facility offers simultaneous synchrotron light from the visible through the FIR along with broadband THz production of 100 fs pulses with >200 W of average power. The FELs also provide record-breaking laser power [2]: up to 10 kW of average power in the IR from 1 to 14 microns in 400 fs pulses at up to 74.85 MHz repetition rates and soon will produce similar pulses of 300-1000 nm light at up to 3 kW of average power from the UV FEL. These ultrashort pulses are ideal for maximizing the interaction with material surfaces. The optical beams are Gaussian with nearly perfect beam quality. See www.jlab.org/FEL for details of the operating characteristics; a wide variety of pulse train configurations are feasible from 10 microseconds long at high repetition rates to continuous operation. The THz and IR system has been commissioned. The UV system is to follow in 2005. The light is transported to user laboratories for basic and applied research. Additional lasers synchronized to the FEL are also available. Past activities have included production of carbon nanotubes, studies of vibrational relaxation of interstitial hydrogen in silicon, pulsed laser deposition and ablation, nitriding of metals, and energy flow in proteins. This paper will present the status of the system and discuss some of the discoveries we have made concerning the physics performance, design optimization, and operational limitations of such a first generation high power ERL light source.

G.R. Neil; C. Behre; S.V. Benson; M. Bevins; G. Biallas; J. Boyce; J. Coleman; L.A. Dillon-Townes; D. Douglas; H.F. Dylla; R. Evans; A. Grippo; D. Gruber; J. Gubeli; D. Hardy; C. Hernandez-Garcia; K. Jordan; M.J. Kelley; L. Merminga; J. Mammosser; W. Moore; N. Nishimori; E. Pozdeyev; J. Preble; R. Rimmer; Michelle D. Shinn; T. Siggins; C. Tennant; R. Walker; G.P. Williams and S. Zhang

2005-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

284

Producing ultrashort Terahertz to UV photons at high repetition rates for research into materials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A new THz/IR/UV photon source at Jefferson Lab is the first of a new generation of light sources based on a Energy-Recovered, (superconducting) Linac (ERL). The machine has a 160 MeV electron beam and an average current of 10 mA in 75 MHz repetition rate hundred femtosecond bunches. These electron bunches pass through a magnetic chicane and therefore emit synchrotron radiation. For wavelengths longer than the electron bunch the electrons radiate coherently a broadband THz {approx} half cycle pulse whose average brightness is > 5 orders of magnitude higher than synchrotron IR sources. Previous measurements showed 20 W of average power extracted[1]. The new facility offers simultaneous synchrotron light from the visible through the FIR along with broadband THz production of 100 fs pulses with >200 W of average power (see G. P. Williams, this conference). The FELs also provide record-breaking laser power [2]: up to 10 kW of average power in the IR from 1 to 14 microns in 400 fs pulses at up to 74.85 MHz repetition rates and soon will produce similar pulses of 300-1000 nm light at up to 3 kW of average power from the UV FEL. These ultrashort pulses are ideal for maximizing the interaction with material surfaces. The optical beams are Gaussian with nearly perfect beam quality. See www.jlab.org/FEL for details of the operating characteristics; a wide variety of pulse train configurations are feasible from 10 microseconds long at high repetition rates to continuous operation. The THz and IR system has been commissioned. The UV system is to follow in 2005. The light is transported to user laboratories for basic and applied research. Additional lasers synchronized to the FEL are also available. Past activities have included production of carbon nanotubes, studies of vibrational relaxation of interstitial hydrogen in silicon, pulsed laser vapor deposition, nitriding of metals, and energy flow in proteins. This paper will present the status of the system and discuss some of the opportunities provided by this unique light source for modifying and studying materials.

G. R. Neil; C. Behre; S. V. Benson; G. Biallas; J. Boyce; L.A. Dillon-Townes; D. Douglas; H. F. Dylla; R. Evans; A. Grippo; D. Gruber; J. Gubeli; C. Hernandez-Garcia; K. Jordan; M. J. Kelley; L. Merminga; J. Mammosser; N. Nishimori; J. Preble; R. Rimmer; Michelle D. Shinn; T. Siggins; R. Walker; G. P. Williams; and S. Zhang

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Molecular line emission in HH54: a coherent view from near to far infrared  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aims. We present a detailed study of the infrared line emission (1-200 micron) in the Herbig-Haro object HH54. Our database comprises: high- (R~9000) and low- (R~600) resolution spectroscopic data in the near-infrared band (1-2.5 micron); mid-infrared spectrophotometric images (5-12 micron); and, far-IR (45-200 micron, R~200) spectra acquired with the ISO satellite. As a result, we provide the detection of and the absolute fluxes for more than 60 molecular features (mainly from H2 in the near- and mid-infrared and from H2O, CO and OH in the far-infrared) and 23 ionic lines. Methods. The H2 lines, coming from levels from v=0 to v=4 have been interpreted in the context of a state-of-art shock code, whose output parameters are adopted as input to a Large Velocity Gradient computation in order to interpret the FIR emission of CO, H2O and OH. Results. The H2 emission can be interpreted as originating in either steady-state J-type shocks or in quasi-steady J-type shocks with magnetic precursor. However, our multi-species analysis shows that only a model of a J-type shock with magnetic precursor (v_shock=18 km/s, n_H=10^4 cm^-3, B=100 microG, age=400 yr) can account for both the observed H2 emission and the CO and H2O lines. Such a model predicts a H2O abundance of ~ 7 10^-5, in agreement with estimations from other shock models for outflows associated with low mass protostars. We can exclude the possibility that the observed atomic lines arise in the same shock as the molecular lines, and give arguments in favour of the presence of a further high-velocity, fully dissociative shock component in the region. Finally, in view of the forthcoming spectroscopic facilities on board of the Herschel satellite, we provide predictions for H2O lines considered to be the most suitable for diagnostic purposes.

T. Giannini; C. McCoey; B. Nisini; S. Cabrit; A. Caratti o Garatti; L. Calzoletti; D. R. Flower

2006-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

286

THE NATURE OF FILAMENTARY COLD GAS IN THE CORE OF THE VIRGO CLUSTER  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a multi-wavelength study of the emission-line nebulae located {approx}38'' (3 kpc in projection) southeast of the nucleus of M87, the central dominant galaxy of the Virgo Cluster. We report the detection of far-infrared (FIR) [C II] line emission at 158 {mu}m from the nebulae using observations made with the Herschel Photodetector Array Camera and Spectrometer (PACS). The infrared line emission is extended and co-spatial with optical H{alpha}+ [N II], far-ultraviolet C IV lines, and soft X-ray emission. The filamentary nebulae evidently contain multi-phase material spanning a temperature range of at least five orders of magnitude, from {approx}100 K to {approx}10{sup 7} K. This material has most likely been uplifted by the active galactic nucleus from the center of M87. The thermal pressure of the 10{sup 4} K phase appears to be significantly lower than that of the surrounding hot intracluster medium (ICM), indicating the presence of additional turbulent and magnetic pressure in the filaments. If the turbulence in the filaments is subsonic then the magnetic field strength required to balance the pressure of the surrounding ICM is B {approx} 30-70 {mu}G. The spectral properties of the soft X-ray emission from the filaments indicate that it is due to thermal plasma with kT {approx} 0.5-1 keV, which is cooling by mixing with the cold gas and/or radiatively. Charge exchange can be ruled out as a significant source of soft X-rays. Both cooling and mixing scenarios predict gas with a range of temperatures. This is at first glance inconsistent with the apparent lack of X-ray emitting gas with kT cooling X-ray emitting plasma. The relatively small line ratio of [O I]/[C II] absorption inferred from the X-ray and optical data imply significant reservoirs of cold atomic and molecular gas distributed in filaments with small volume filling fraction, but large area covering factor.

Werner, N.; Canning, R. E. A.; Allen, S. W.; Simionescu, A.; Von der Linden, A. [Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Stanford University, 452 Lomita Mall, Stanford, CA 94305-4085 (United States); Oonk, J. B. R.; Kos, J. [ASTRON, Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy, P.O. Box 2, 7990 AA Dwingeloo (Netherlands); Van Weeren, R. J.; Nulsen, P. E. J. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Edge, A. C. [Institute for Computational Cosmology, Department of Physics, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); Fabian, A. C. [Institute of Astronomy, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA (United Kingdom); Reynolds, C. S. [Department of Astronomy and the Maryland Astronomy Center for Theory and Computation, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Ruszkowski, M., E-mail: norbertw@stanford.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 500 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)

2013-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

287

New Hardware and Software Design of a Field-Deployable Real-Time Laser-Based Non-Intrusive Detection System for Measurement of True Travel Time on the Highway  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time Laser-Based Prototype Detection System for MeasurementLaser-Based Non-Intrusive Detection System for MeasurementLaser-Based Non-Intrusive Detection System for Measurement

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Final report on the project entitled "The Effects of Disturbance & Climate on Carbon Storage & the Exchanges of CO2 Water Vapor & Energy Exchange of Evergreen Coniferous Forests in the Pacific Northwest: Integration of Eddy Flux, Plant and Soil Measurements at a Cluster of Supersites"  

SciTech Connect

This is the final technical report containing a summary of all findings with regard to the following objectives of the project: (1) To quantify and understand the effects of wildfire on carbon storage and the exchanges of energy, CO2, and water vapor in a chronosequence of ponderosa pine (disturbance gradient); (2) To investigate the effects of seasonal and interannual variation in climate on carbon storage and the exchanges of energy, CO2, and water vapor in mature conifer forests in two climate zones: mesic 40-yr old Douglas-fir and semi-arid 60-yr old ponderosa pine (climate gradient); (3) To reduce uncertainty in estimates of CO2 feedbacks to the atmosphere by providing an improved model formulation for existing biosphere-atmosphere models; and (4) To provide high quality data for AmeriFlux and the NACP on micrometeorology, meteorology, and biology of these systems. Objective (1): A study integrating satellite remote sensing, AmeriFlux data, and field surveys in a simulation modeling framework estimated that the pyrogenic carbon emissions, tree mortality, and net carbon exchange associated with four large wildfires that burned ~50,000 hectares in 2002-2003 were equivalent to 2.4% of Oregon statewide anthropogenic carbon emissions over the same two-year period. Most emissions were from the combustion of the forest floor and understory vegetation, and only about 1% of live tree mass was combusted on average. Objective (2): A study of multi-year flux records across a chronosequence of ponderosa pine forests yielded that the net carbon uptake is over three times greater at a mature pine forest compared with young pine. The larger leaf area and wetter and cooler soils of the mature forest mainly caused this effect. A study analyzing seven years of carbon and water dynamics showed that interannual and seasonal variability of net carbon exchange was primarily related to variability in growing season length, which was a linear function of plant-available soil moisture in spring and early summer. A multi-year drought (2001-2003) led to a significant reduction of net ecosystem exchange due to carry-over effects in soil moisture and carbohydrate reserves in plant-tissue. In the same forest, the interannual variability in the rate carbon is lost from the soil and forest floor is considerable and related to the variability in tree growth as much as it is to variability in soil climatic conditions. Objective (3): Flux data from the mature ponderosa pine site support a physical basis for filtering nighttime data with friction velocity above the canopy. An analysis of wind fields and heat transport in the subcanopy at the mesic 40-year old Douglas site yielded that the non-linear structure and behavior of spatial temperature gradients and the flow field require enhanced sensor networks to estimate advective fluxes in the subcanopy of forest to close the surface energy balance in forests. Reliable estimates for flux uncertainties are needed to improve model validation and data assimilation in process-based carbon models, inverse modeling studies and model-data synthesis, where the uncertainties may be as important as the fluxes themselves. An analysis of the time scale dependence of the random and flux sampling error yielded that the additional flux obtained by increasing the perturbation timescale beyond about 10 minutes is dominated by random sampling error, and therefore little confidence can be placed in its value. Artificial correlation between gross ecosystem productivity (GEP) and ecosystem respiration (Re) is a consequence of flux partitioning of eddy covariance flux data when GEP is computed as the difference between NEE and computed daytime Re (e.g. using nighttime Re extrapolated into daytime using soil or air temperatures). Tower-data must be adequately spatially averaged before comparison to gridded model output as the time variability of both is inherently different. The eddy-covariance data collected at the mature ponderosa pine site and the mesic Douglas fir site were used to develop and evaluate a new method to extra

Beverly E. Law (PI), Christoph K. Thomas (CoI)

2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

289

Property:NrelPartner | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NrelPartner NrelPartner Jump to: navigation, search Property Name NrelPartner Property Type Boolean Description Existing or Previous Partnership with NREL. Yes or No.. Pages using the property "NrelPartner" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 1 1366 Technologies + true + 3 3M + true + A A.O. Smith + true + A123Systems + true + AAON + true + AQUA Products + true + AVL Powertrain Engineering + true + AWS Truewind + true + Abengoa Solar + true + Abound Solar + true + Advanced Energy Products + true + Affiliated International Management (AIM) + true + Affordable Comfort + true + Alcoa + true + Alliance to Save Energy + true + Alstom Energy Systems + true + Alta Devices + true + Ammonix + true + Ampulse + true + Apex Technology + true +

290

Predicting the impacts of climate change on animal distributions: the importance of local adaptation and species' traits  

SciTech Connect

The geographic range limits of many species are strongly affected by climate and are expected to change under global warming. For species that are able to track changing climate over broad geographic areas, we expect to see shifts in species distributions toward the poles and away from the equator. A number of ecological and evolutionary factors, however, could restrict this shifting or redistribution under climate change. These factors include restricted habitat availability, restricted capacity for or barriers to movement, or reduced abundance of colonists due the perturbation effect of climate change. This research project examined the last of these constraints - that climate change could perturb local conditions to which populations are adapted, reducing the likelihood that a species will shift its distribution by diminishing the number of potential colonists. In the most extreme cases, species ranges could collapse over a broad geographic area with no poleward migration and an increased risk of species extinction. Changes in individual species ranges are the processes that drive larger phenomena such as changes in land cover, ecosystem type, and even changes in carbon cycling. For example, consider the poleward range shift and population outbreaks of the mountain pine beetle that has decimated millions of acres of Douglas fir trees in the western US and Canada. Standing dead trees cause forest fires and release vast quantities of carbon to the atmosphere. The beetle likely shifted its range because it is not locally adapted across its range, and it appears to be limited by winter low temperatures that have steadily increased in the last decades. To understand range and abundance changes like the pine beetle, we must reveal the extent of adaptive variation across species ranges - and the physiological basis of that adaptation - to know if other species will change as readily as the pine beetle. Ecologists tend to assume that range shifts are the dominant response of species to climate change, but our experiments suggest that other processes may act in some species that reduce the likelihood of geographic range change. In the first part of our DOE grant (ending 2008) we argued that the process of local adaptation of populations within a species range, followed by climatic changes that occur too quickly for adaptive evolution, is an underappreciated mechanism by which climate change could affect biodiversity. When this process acts, species ranges may not shift readily toward the poles, slowing the rate of species and biome change. To test this claim, we performed an experiment comparing core and peripheral populations in a series of field observations, translocation experiments, and genetic analyses. The papers in Appendix A were generated from 2005-2008 funding. In the second part of the DOE grant (ending 2011) we studied which traits promote population differentiation and local adaptation by building genomic resources for our study species and using these resources to reveal differences in gene expression in peripheral and core populations. The papers in Appendix B were generated from 2008-2011 funding. This work was pursued with two butterfly species that have contrasting life history traits (body size and resource specialization) and occupy a common ecosystem and a latitudinal range. These species enabled us to test the following hypotheses using a single phylogenetic group.

HELLMANN, J. J.; LOBO, N. F.

2011-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

291

ControlPanel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Format the Introduction, GTS_FigDensity, TRUE, FALSE, ! Readme, TRUE. 17, TRUE, AlngDat, d-mmm-yy, ! Restore screensize, ! ...

2012-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

292

SERIALOUTPUTBSERIALOUTPUTA TRIGGERINPUTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Number toTrueTime SpillTrig.Fanout TrueTime from 1PPS -113usec TRIGGER SPILL (EventTime) serialdata True

Berns, Hans-Gerd

293

Property:GreenButtonCompliant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GreenButtonCompliant GreenButtonCompliant Jump to: navigation, search Property Name GreenButtonCompliant Property Type Boolean Description Indicates if company is green button compliant. Pages using the property "GreenButtonCompliant" Showing 24 pages using this property. A AEP Texas Central Company + true + AEP Texas North Company + true + B Bangor Hydro-Electric Co + true + C CenterPoint Energy + true + Connecticut Light & Power Co + true + J JEA + true + N NSTAR Electric Company + true + O Oncor Electric Delivery Company LLC + true + P PacifiCorp + true + PacifiCorp (Idaho) + true + PacifiCorp (Oregon) + true + PacifiCorp (Utah) + true + PacifiCorp (Washington) + true + PacifiCorp (Wyoming) + true + Pacific Gas & Electric Co + true + Portland General Electric Co + true +

294

Property:IsDOELab | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IsDOELab IsDOELab Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Pages using the property "IsDOELab" Showing 9 pages using this property. A Argonne National Laboratory + true + B Brookhaven National Laboratory + true + L Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) + true + Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory + true + N National Energy Technology Laboratory + true + National Renewable Energy Laboratory + true + O Oak Ridge National Laboratory + true + P Pacific Northwest National Laboratory + true + S Sandia National Laboratories + true + Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:IsDOELab&oldid=271926#SMWResults" What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties

295

Property:EIA/861/AltFuelVehicle | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AltFuelVehicle AltFuelVehicle Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Alt Fuel Vehicle Entity operated alternative-fueled vehicles during the year (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/AltFuelVehicle" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AEP Generating Company + true + AEP Texas Central Company + true + AEP Texas North Company + true + Access Energy Coop + true + Adams Electric Cooperative Inc + true + Agralite Electric Coop + true + Alabama Power Co + true + Ameren Illinois Company + true + Appalachian Power Co + true + Arizona Public Service Co + true + Atchison-Holt Electric Coop + true + Atlantic City Electric Co + true +

296

Property:EIA/861/NercErcot | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NercErcot NercErcot Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Nerc Ercot Entity conducts business operations within the TRE region (TRE=Texas Regional Entity (formerly ERCOT) (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/NercErcot" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AEP Texas Central Company + true + AEP Texas North Company + true + Alliance Power Co LLC + true + Ambit Energy, L.P. + true + AmeriPower LLC + true + Amigo Energy + true + Austin Energy + true + B BP Energy Company + true + Bandera Electric Coop, Inc + true + Bartlett Electric Coop, Inc + true + Big Country Electric Coop, Inc + true + Bluebonnet Electric Coop, Inc + true +

297

Property:EIA/861/NercWecc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NercWecc NercWecc Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Nerc Wecc Entity conducts business operations within the WECC region (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/NercWecc" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 3 3 Phases Energy Services + true + A Aguila Irrigation District + true + Ajo Improvement Co + true + Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority + true + Alamo Power District No 3 + true + Alder Mutual Light Co, Inc + true + Arizona Electric Pwr Coop Inc + true + Arizona Power Authority + true + Arizona Public Service Co + true + Arkansas River Power Authority + true + Avista Corp + true + Avista Turbine Power, Inc + true +

298

Property:EIA/861/IsoErcot | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IsoErcot IsoErcot Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ISO_ERCOT Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in the ERCOT ISO region [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/IsoErcot" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AEP Texas Central Company + true + AEP Texas North Company + true + AP Holdings LLC + true + APNA Energy + true + Alliance Power Co LLC + true + AmeriPower LLC + true + B Bandera Electric Coop, Inc + true + Bluebonnet Electric Coop, Inc + true + Bounce Energy, Inc. + true + Brazos Electric Power Coop Inc + true + Brazos River Authority + true + Brownsville Public Utilities Board + true +

299

Property:UtilityLocation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UtilityLocation UtilityLocation Jump to: navigation, search Property Name UtilityLocation Property Type Boolean Description Indicates this is the "mailing" location of the Utility. Usually is Yes if the information from EIA Form 861 File1_a is on the page. Pages using the property "UtilityLocation" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 3 3 Phases Energy Services + true + 4 4-County Electric Power Assn + true + A A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) + true + AEP Generating Company + true + AEP Texas Central Company + true + AEP Texas North Company + true + AES Eastern Energy LP + true + AGC Division of APG Inc + true + AP Holdings LLC + true + APN Starfirst, L.P. + true + APNA Energy + true + Accent Energy Holdings, LLC + true +

300

Property:EIA/861/AltFuelVehicle2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AltFuelVehicle2 AltFuelVehicle2 Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Entity plans to operate alternative-fueled vehicles next year (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/AltFuelVehicle2" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AEP Generating Company + true + AEP Texas Central Company + true + AEP Texas North Company + true + Access Energy Coop + true + Adams Electric Cooperative Inc + true + Agralite Electric Coop + true + Alabama Power Co + true + Ameren Illinois Company + true + Appalachian Power Co + true + Arizona Public Service Co + true + Atchison-Holt Electric Coop + true + Atlantic City Electric Co + true +

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Hot-Workability of IN706 Alloy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

increases with increasing true strain rate. Because of dynamic recrystallization during hot deformation, a turning point appears on the curves of true stress with ...

302

SOFTWARE VERIFICATION AND VALIDATION Evaluation of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 5 null 86 "mousedown" true true window 5 5 ... possible input combinations exist to cover even a ... of tests generated in combinatorial covering arrays is ...

2012-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

303

Comparatively speaking : a psycholinguistic study of optionality in grammar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

distance. The button box’s green button was labeled true,either the green (true), or red (false) button box button.

Boyd, Jeremy Kenyon

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Air stable all-inorganic nanocrystal solar cells processed from solution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the true AM1.5G solar emission spectrum. Details on solarEQE data with the true AM1.5G solar emission spectrum.

Gur, Ilan; Fromer, Neil A.; Geier, Michael L.; Alivisatos, A. Paul

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Property:EIA/861/NercMro | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NercMro NercMro Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Nerc Mro Entity conducts business operations within the MRO region (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/NercMro" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Adams-Columbia Electric Coop + true + Adrian Public Utilities Comm + true + Agralite Electric Coop + true + Aitkin Public Utilities Comm + true + Alger-Delta Coop Electric Assn + true + Algoma Utility Comm + true + Allamakee-Clayton El Coop, Inc + true + Amana Society Service Co + true + Arrowhead Electric Coop, Inc + true + Atlantic Municipal Utilities + true + B Bancroft Municipal Utilities + true +

306

Property:EIA/861/NercSpp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NercSpp NercSpp Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Nerc Spp Entity conducts business operations within the SPP region (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/NercSpp" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Alfalfa Electric Coop, Inc + true + Anadarko Public Works Auth + true + Arkansas Electric Coop Corp + true + Ashley Chicot Elec Coop, Inc + true + Auburn Board of Public Works + true + B Bailey County Elec Coop Assn + true + Basin Electric Power Coop + true + Big Country Electric Coop, Inc + true + Bluestem Electric Coop Inc + true + Bowie-Cass Electric Coop, Inc + true + Brown-Atchison E C A Inc + true +

307

Property:EIA/861/ActivityDistribution | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ActivityDistribution ActivityDistribution Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Activity Distribution Entity engages in power distribution activity (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/ActivityDistribution" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4-County Electric Power Assn + true + A A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) + true + AEP Texas Central Company + true + AEP Texas North Company + true + AGC Division of APG Inc + true + Access Energy Coop + true + Adams Electric Coop + true + Adams Electric Cooperative Inc + true + Adams Rural Electric Coop, Inc + true + Adams-Columbia Electric Coop + true + Adrian Public Utilities Comm + true +

308

Property:EIA/861/ActivityGeneration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ActivityGeneration ActivityGeneration Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Activity Generation Entity engages in power generation activity (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/ActivityGeneration" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) + true + AEP Generating Company + true + AEP Texas North Company + true + AES Eastern Energy LP + true + AGC Division of APG Inc + true + Akiachak Native Community Electric Co + true + Alabama Municipal Elec Authority + true + Alabama Power Co + true + Alaska Electric & Energy Coop + true + Alaska Electric Light&Power Co + true + Alaska Energy Authority + true +

309

Property:EIA/861/NercSerc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NercSerc NercSerc Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Nerc Serc Entity conducts business operations within the SERC region (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/NercSerc" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4-County Electric Power Assn + true + A Access Energy Coop + true + Adams Electric Coop + true + Aiken Electric Coop Inc + true + Alabama Municipal Elec Authority + true + Alabama Power Co + true + Albany Water Gas & Light Comm + true + Albemarle Electric Member Corp + true + Albertville Municipal Utils Bd + true + Alcorn County Elec Power Assn + true + Altamaha Electric Member Corp + true +

310

Property:EIA/861/NercNpcc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NercNpcc NercNpcc Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Nerc Npcc Entity conducts business operations within the NPCC region (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/NercNpcc" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AES Eastern Energy LP + true + B Bangor Hydro-Electric Co + true + Barton Village, Inc (Utility Company) + true + Bath Electric Gas & Water Sys + true + Block Island Power Co + true + Bluerock Energy, Inc. + true + Bozrah Light & Power Company + true + C Central Hudson Gas & Elec Corp + true + Central Maine Power Co + true + Central Vermont Pub Serv Corp + true + City of Burlington-Electric, Vermont (Utility Company) + true +

311

Property:EIA/861/NercRfc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NercRfc NercRfc Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Nerc Rfc Entity conducts business operations within the RFC region (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/NercRfc" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) + true + AEP Generating Company + true + AGC Division of APG Inc + true + Adams Electric Cooperative Inc + true + Adams Rural Electric Coop, Inc + true + Allegheny Electric Coop Inc + true + Allegheny Energy Supply Co LLC + true + Alpena Power Co + true + Ameren Energy Marketing + true + American Mun Power-Ohio, Inc + true + American Transmission Systems Inc + true +

312

Property:EIA/861/ActivityWholesaleMarketing | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ActivityWholesaleMarketing ActivityWholesaleMarketing Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Activity Wholesale Marketing Entity engages in wholesale power marketing (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/ActivityWholesaleMarketing" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AEP Generating Company + true + AES Eastern Energy LP + true + AGC Division of APG Inc + true + Alabama Power Co + true + Alaska Power and Telephone Co + true + Allegheny Energy Supply Co LLC + true + Ameren Energy Marketing + true + American Mun Power-Ohio, Inc + true + Arizona Electric Pwr Coop Inc + true + Arizona Public Service Co + true + Arkansas Electric Coop Corp + true +

313

Property:EIA/861/ActivityBuyingTransmission | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ActivityBuyingTransmission ActivityBuyingTransmission Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Activity Buying Transmission Entity buys transmission service (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/ActivityBuyingTransmission" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AEP Texas Central Company + true + AEP Texas North Company + true + AGC Division of APG Inc + true + Adams-Columbia Electric Coop + true + Aguila Irrigation District + true + Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority + true + Alabama Municipal Elec Authority + true + Alabama Power Co + true + Alder Mutual Light Co, Inc + true + Allegheny Electric Coop Inc + true + Ameren Illinois Company + true +

314

Property:EIA/861/IsoMiso | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IsoMiso IsoMiso Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ISO_MISO Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in the Midwest ISO region [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/IsoMiso" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Adams Electric Coop + true + Adams-Columbia Electric Coop + true + Alger-Delta Coop Electric Assn + true + Algoma Utility Comm + true + Amana Society Service Co + true + Ameren Illinois Company + true + American Mun Power-Ohio, Inc + true + American Transmission Systems Inc + true + Arrowhead Electric Coop, Inc + true + Atlantic Municipal Utilities + true + B Barron Electric Coop + true +

315

Property:EIA/861/ActivityBundledServices | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ActivityBundledServices ActivityBundledServices Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Activity Bundled Services Entity provides bundled services (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/ActivityBundledServices" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Ajo Improvement Co + true + Alabama Power Co + true + Amana Society Service Co + true + American Samoa Power Authority + true + Atlantic City Electric Co + true + Auburn Board of Public Works + true + Avista Corp + true + B Bamberg Board of Public Works + true + Barrow Utils & Elec Coop, Inc + true + Basin Electric Power Coop + true + Borough of Wampum, Pennsylvania (Utility Company) + true +

316

Property:EIA/861/IsoNe | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IsoNe IsoNe Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ISO_NE Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in the New England ISO region [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/IsoNe" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) B Bangor Hydro-Electric Co + true + Barton Village, Inc (Utility Company) + true + Bozrah Light & Power Company + true + C Central Maine Power Co + true + Central Vermont Pub Serv Corp + true + CinCap IV, LLC + true + CinCap V LLC + true + Cinergy Capital & Trading, Inc + true + City of Chicopee, Massachusetts (Utility Company) + true + City of Holyoke, Massachusetts (Utility Company) + true +

317

Property:EIA/861/OperatesGeneratingPlant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OperatesGeneratingPlant OperatesGeneratingPlant Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Operates Generating Plant Entity operates power generating plants (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/OperatesGeneratingPlant" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) + true + AEP Generating Company + true + AES Eastern Energy LP + true + AGC Division of APG Inc + true + Akiachak Native Community Electric Co + true + Alabama Municipal Elec Authority + true + Alabama Power Co + true + Alaska Electric & Energy Coop + true + Alaska Electric Light&Power Co + true + Alaska Energy Authority + true +

318

Property:EIA/861/ActivityTransmission | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EIA/861/ActivityTransmission EIA/861/ActivityTransmission Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Activity Transmission Entity engages in power transmission activity (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/ActivityTransmission" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) + true + AEP Texas Central Company + true + AEP Texas North Company + true + Alabama Power Co + true + Alaska Electric & Energy Coop + true + Alaska Electric Light&Power Co + true + Alaska Energy Authority + true + Alaska Power and Telephone Co + true + Allegheny Electric Coop Inc + true + Ameren Illinois Company + true +

319

Property:EIA/861/RtoPjm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RtoPjm RtoPjm Jump to: navigation, search Property Name RTO_PJM Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in the PJM RTO [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/RtoPjm" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) + true + Adams Electric Cooperative Inc + true + Adams Rural Electric Coop, Inc + true + Allegheny Electric Coop Inc + true + Allegheny Energy Supply Co LLC + true + American Mun Power-Ohio, Inc + true + Appalachian Power Co + true + Atlantic City Electric Co + true + B Bedford Rural Elec Coop, Inc + true + Borough of Butler, New Jersey (Utility Company) + true +

320

Property:GreenButtonPlannedCompliant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:GreenButtonPlannedCompliant Jump to: navigation, search Property Name GreenButtonPlannedCompliant Property Type Boolean Description Indicates if company is officially planning to be green button compliant. Pages using the property "GreenButtonPlannedCompliant" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AEP Generating Company + true + Ameren Illinois Company (Illinois) + true + Appalachian Power Co + true + Atlantic City Electric Co + true + Austin Energy + true + B Baltimore Gas & Electric Co + true + Barton Village, Inc (Utility Company) + true + C Central Maine Power Co + true + Central Vermont Pub Serv Corp + true + City of Chattanooga, Georgia (Utility Company) + true +

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Property:EIA/861/IsoNy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IsoNy IsoNy Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ISO_NY Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in the NY ISO region [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/IsoNy" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AES Eastern Energy LP + true + AP Holdings LLC + true + Agway Energy Services, LLC + true + B Bath Electric Gas & Water Sys + true + Bluerock Energy, Inc. + true + C Central Hudson Gas & Elec Corp + true + City of Salamanca, New York (Utility Company) + true + City of Sherrill, New York (Utility Company) + true + City of Watertown, New York (Utility Company) + true +

322

Property:EIA/861/ActivityRetailMarketing | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ActivityRetailMarketing ActivityRetailMarketing Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Activity Retail Marketing Entity engages in retail power marketing (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: D Duquesne Light Co Pages using the property "EIA/861/ActivityRetailMarketing" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 3 3 Phases Energy Services + true + A AP Holdings LLC + true + APN Starfirst, L.P. + true + APNA Energy + true + Accent Energy Holdings, LLC + true + Agway Energy Services, LLC + true + Alabama Power Co + true + Alaska Power and Telephone Co + true + Allegheny Energy Supply Co LLC + true +

323

Property:EIA/861/ActivityBuyingDistribution | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ActivityBuyingDistribution ActivityBuyingDistribution Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Activity Buying Distribution Entity buys distribution service (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/ActivityBuyingDistribution" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Adams-Columbia Electric Coop + true + Aguila Irrigation District + true + Appalachian Power Co + true + B Buckeye Water C&D District + true + C Calpine Power America LLC + true + Cargill Power Markets LLC + true + Carrollton Board of Public Wks + true + City & County of San Francisco (Utility Company) + true + City of Aspen, Colorado (Utility Company) + true +

324

Property:EIA/861/IsoOther | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IsoOther IsoOther Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ISO_OTHER Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in another ISO region other than choices listed. [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/IsoOther" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Access Energy Coop + true + Aiken Electric Coop Inc + true + Akiachak Native Community Electric Co + true + Atchison-Holt Electric Coop + true + B Big Horn County Elec Coop, Inc + true + Brigham City Corporation (Utility Company) + true + Broad River Electric Coop, Inc + true + C Canby Utility Board + true + City of Bandon, Oregon (Utility Company) + true +

325

Property:EIA/861/RtoSpp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RtoSpp RtoSpp Jump to: navigation, search Property Name RTO_SPP Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in the SPP RTO. [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/RtoSpp" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Alfalfa Electric Coop, Inc + true + B Basin Electric Power Coop + true + C C & L Electric Coop Corp + true + Central Nebraska Pub P&I Dist + true + City Utilities of Springfield + true + City Water and Light Plant + true + City of Alexandria, Louisiana (Utility Company) + true + City of Altus, Oklahoma (Utility Company) + true + City of Arma, Kansas (Utility Company) + true +

326

Property:EIA/861/NercFrcc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NercFrcc NercFrcc Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Nerc Frcc Entity conducts business operations within the FRCC region (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/NercFrcc" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) B Beaches Energy Services + true + Borough of Lavallette, New Jersey (Utility Company) + true + C Central Florida Elec Coop, Inc + true + City of Bartow, Florida (Utility Company) + true + City of Bushnell, Florida (Utility Company) + true + City of Chattahoochee, Florida (Utility Company) + true + City of Clewiston, Florida (Utility Company) + true + City of Eudora, Kansas (Utility Company) + true +

327

Property:EIA/861/IsoCa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IsoCa IsoCa Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ISO_CA Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in the CA ISO region [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/IsoCa" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 3 3 Phases Energy Services + true + C City & County of San Francisco (Utility Company) + true + City of Alameda, California (Utility Company) + true + City of Anaheim, California (Utility Company) + true + City of Azusa, California (Utility Company) + true + City of Banning, California (Utility Company) + true + City of Biggs, California (Utility Company) + true + City of Colton, California (Utility Company) + true +

328

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 6: Make Your Workforce...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6: Make Your Workforce True Partners to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 6: Make Your Workforce True Partners on Facebook Tweet about Better...

329

HEART SMART NUTRITION Prepare Food Right--Ensure It's Light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lesson 4 HEART SMART NUTRITION Prepare Food Right--Ensure It's Light To prepare foods lower in fat Heart Smart? True or False ______ 1. A cholesterol- free product is also fat-free. True or False

330

X9.82 Part 1 Overview and Basic Principles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Def: Deterministic Random Bit Generator (DRBG) ... Unified Functional Model ? Unify pseudo and true random number generators ... as a backup ...

2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

331

SATE 2010 Background  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... categories (true quality); More detailed guidelines for analysis. Still, much can be improved… 14. Thanks. Romain Gaucher, Ram Sugasi; Aurelien ...

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

332

RED NACIONAL DE SEGURIDAD BIOMETRICA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... ARGENTINA Population: 44 millions ... COST: US Dollar prices do not reflect the true acquisition capabilities in Argentina Page 8. ...

2010-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

333

VOL.31,NO.2 WINTER 2005 usiness is booming again at UW-Madison's Engineering Career Services (ECS), and that's great news  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. And the former Rube Goldberg competition has evolved into a new challenge called Compute This. True to Rube (who

Sheridan, Jennifer

334

Through-Container Measurement of Acoustic Signatures for ...  

essential tools employed by government agencies domestically and internationally in ... true state variation in container dimensions and correlation ...

335

Momentum transfer resolved memory in a magnetic system with perpendicular anisotropy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

our memory measurements than a true ACF since the read-outnoise, which dominates the ACF when the scattering intensity

Seu, Keoki

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Property:Incentive/Active | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Active Active Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Active Incentive flag. Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: I Filter:Incentive Active or Inactive Pages using the property "Incentive/Active" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2003 Climate Change Fuel Cell Buy-Down Program (Federal) + false + 3 30% Business Tax Credit for Solar (Vermont) + false + 4 401 Certification (Vermont) + true + A AEP (Central and North) - CitySmart Program (Texas) + true + AEP (Central and North) - Residential Energy Efficiency Programs (Texas) + true + AEP (Central and SWEPCO) - Coolsaver A/C Tune Up (Texas) + true + AEP (Central, North and SWEPCO) - Commercial Solutions Program (Texas) + true + AEP (SWEPCO) - Residential Energy Efficiency Programs (Texas) + true +

337

Solar Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Power Solar Power Jump to: navigation, search Solar Energy Companies Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"SATELLITE","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":1000,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"99%","height":"300px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":true,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

338

Map of Geothermal Facilities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facilities Facilities Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":2500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"100%","height":"550px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":true,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"File:Geothermal_marker.png","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

339

Statistical Problems in DNA Microarray Data Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

base pairs. Each simulated data set contained one array. Thebase pair. Each simulated data set contained one array. Theprocedure for various data sets. True positive and false

Wang, Nancy Naichao

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

390.ps.gz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 10, 2001 ... number of separable odd-cycle inequalities) by adding edges with weight 0 does not improve. the relaxation [3]. This is not true in combination ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Energy efficient data centers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

concerning the true electrical power requirements foreffect on California’s electrical power systems, there isdemand on California’s electrical power infrastructure. In

Tschudi, William; Xu, Tengfang; Sartor, Dale; Koomey, Jon; Nordman, Bruce; Sezgen, Osman

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Polarized Neutron Reflectometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... holds true in both the exact theory and Born ... process which are common to both nuclear and magnetic ... only one of two discrete energy states within ...

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

343

Manufacturing Extension Partnership Awards Grant to Support ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... “Our region is home to a significant asset and ... “SME manufacturers are true innovators and contribute substantial value to the region's economic ...

2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

344

Study on Constitutive Equation of Alloy IN718 in Hammer ... - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The whole compression tests were controlled by computer and the recorded load - displacement curves have been converted into the true stress-strain curves, ...

345

REQUEST FOR PROPOSAL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... with. Minimize marketing “boiler plate” and let your words and pictures tell the true story of what your firm/team is all about. ...

2013-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

346

Map of Wind Farms | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Farms Farms Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":2500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"100%","height":"550px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":true,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"File:Windturbine.png","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

347

Solar Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Power Solar Power (Redirected from Solar energy) Jump to: navigation, search Solar Energy Companies Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"SATELLITE","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":1000,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"99%","height":"300px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":true,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

348

Map of Biomass Facilities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facilities Facilities Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":2500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"100%","height":"550px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":true,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"File:Default-marker.png","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

349

Why sequence metatranscriptomic analysis of bacterial-algal interactio...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

metatranscriptomic analysis of bacterial-algal interactions? Freshwater algae, here used to refer to both true algae and cyanobacteria, serve as a natural carbon sink and are a...

350

Brand Guidelines Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Introduction The new Joint Genome Institute logo takes an evolutionary step into the future, while staying true to the strength of its past. It possesses smooth, flowing lines...

351

Analyzing the Effects of Temporal Wind Patterns on the Value of Wind-Generated Electricity at Different Sites in California and the Northwest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Facilities. ” American Wind Energy Association (AWEA)Analyzing the Effects of Temporal Wind Patterns onthe Value of Wind-Generated Electricity References TrueWind

Fripp, Matthias; Wiser, Ryan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

they want more processing power to tackle ever more challenging problems. The wishes of Thai scientists recently came true when their first teraflop computing system went online as...

353

Making the Market Right for Environmentally Sound Energy-Efficient Technologies: U.S. Buildings Sector Successes that Might Work in Developing Countries and Eastern Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Department, Review of Electricity Tariffs in Developingis the subsidized electricity tariffs, particularly formodem civilization." If the electricity tariff were its true

Gadgil, A.J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

OCB: A Block-Cipher Mode of Operation for Efficient ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of Computer Science, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557 USA ... 30] when ? = 1. Similarly, for ia power of two ... to true in each of lines 12, 13, 18 ...

2012-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

355

Spatial chemical distance based on atomic property fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

009-9316-x Spatial chemical distance based on atomicSimilarity of compound chemical structures often leads tonot always true, as distinct chemical scaffolds can exhibit

Grigoryan, A. V.; Kufareva, I.; Totrov, M.; Abagyan, R. A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Short Sales in Log-Robust Portfolio Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

continuously compounded rates of return, which have been established in the literature as the true ... Unfortunately, utility functions are difficult to articulate in.

357

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Coal Mining Regulations (Kentucky) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive true + Incentive...

358

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Coal Bed Methane Protection Act (Montana) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive true +...

359

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Clean Coal Technology (Indiana) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive true + Incentive...

360

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Clean Coal Projects (Virginia) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive true + Incentive...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Coal Severance Tax (North Dakota) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive true + Incentive...

362

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Coal Development (Nebraska) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive true + IncentiveApplDsc...

363

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Coal Mining Reclamation (North Dakota) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive true +...

364

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Coal Combustion By-Products (Maryland) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive true +...

365

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Coal Mine Safety Act (Virginia) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive true + Incentive...

366

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Coal Mining (Iowa) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive true + IncentiveApplDsc...

367

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Clean Coal Incentive Tax Credit (Kentucky) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive true +...

368

An Extension of a Minimax Approach to Multiple Classification 1 ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assume that the statement is true in the case m = k. Let µi (i = 1,...,k + 1) .... Operations Research and Financial Engineering, Princeton University, (2000). [9] R. J. ...

369

Development and Validation of an Advanced Stimulation Prediction...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nakagawa Targets Milestones - Develop a true three-dimensional hydro-thermal fracturing and proppant flowtransport simulator that is particularly suited for EGS reservoir...

370

ederal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... MEXICO 111,3 (from Mexico to Argentina) ... COST: US Dollar prices do not reflect the true procurement capabilities in Argentina Page 11. Page 12. ...

2011-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

371

The ecology of coral-microbe interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

my memories of all the electrocutions it took to get thisbe true, as long as electrocutions sustained while filteringjob is somehow also full of electrocutions, animal attacks,

Marhaver, Kristen Laura

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the U.S., 1990-1991: Summary of Theory, Data, Methods, and Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pollution from petroleum refineries should be internalizedby a tax on refinery emissions, not by a tax on thethe fuel products of the refinery. This remains true even if

Delucchi, Mark A.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Urban Flooding: Implications for Transportation Infrastructure and Travel Disruption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydrology. Transportation infrastructure and travel patternsnot only damaged various infrastructures but also disruptednot hold true in new infrastructure design and management (

Chang, Heejun; Lafrenz, Martin; Jung, II-Won; Figliozzi, Miguell; Platman, Deena

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Tall concrete buildings subject to vertically moving fires: A case study approach.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Fire in buildings can have a severe impact in terms of both human safety and potential economic loss. This is especially true in the case… (more)

Fletcher, Ian A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

DOE Challenge Home National Program Requirements (Rev. 03)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

free roof area within +- 45 of true south, location of panel or blocking for future mounting of solar hot water system components, location of riser, code-compliant...

376

Building aggressively duty-cycled platforms to achieve energy efficiency.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Managing power consumption and improving energy efficiency is a key driver in the design of computing devices today. This is true for both battery powered… (more)

Agarwal, Yuvraj

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

New methods for rendering of anaglyph stereoscopic images on CRT displays and photo-quality ink-jet printers .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Anaglyph is considered as an inexpensive approach to display to the observer a true 3D view of a real world scene. Moreover, it is the… (more)

Tran, Vu M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Maximizing Gross Margin of a Pumped Storage Hydroelectric Facility Under Uncertainty in Price and Water Inflow.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The operation of a pumped storage hydroelectric facility is subject to uncertainty. This is especially true in today’s energy markets. Published models to achieve optimal… (more)

Ikudo, Akina

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

BC TREND IN CA  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Air Quality Management District (2006), Spare the air tonight study, 2005-2006 winter wood smoke season. Report conducted for BAAQMD by True North Research, Encinitas,...

380

NIST UPDATE -- Physics Laboratory Newsletter Archives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 28, Physics, NIST, CU Publish Recipe for Home-Cooked Bose-Einstein ... January 27, Solar Research, Satellite Measures Sun's True Power with NIST ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Cycles in fossil diversity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transitions in Global Marine Diversity, Science 281, 1157-know if this cycle is a variation in true diversity or onlyin observed diversity, but either case requires explanation

Rohde, Robert A.; Muller, Richard A.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

TransForum v6n1 - Market-Ready Hydrogen Sensor Promises "Ultra...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sensors discovered at Argonne are true examples of a ready-for-market product of nanotechnology. "Our discovery is an enabling technology that will provide a fundamental safety...

383

Administrative & Other  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I affirm that the content of this transmittal is true and correct to the best of my knowledge, information and belief.

Peach Bottom; Atomic Power; Station Units; John B. Cotton

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Enabling Elements of Integrated Computational Materials and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Enabling technologies in the areas of advanced physics-based models, ... toward true integration of computational material and manufacturing science and ...

385

SofTEAM Workshop-report-9  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

conductivity in battery electrolytes we could obtain true insight into the origin of battery failure. * The understanding of softhard interfaces in artificial photosynthetic...

386

Subroutine LENCH  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... ne.' ' 1 .and. str(ilench:ilench).ne.tab !Look for trailing tabs as well 1 .and. str(ilench:ilench).ne.nul ) done=.true. END DO ...

387

Free Distribution or Cost-Sharing? Evidence from a Randomized Malaria Prevention Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Panel B: Regressions 0 Ksh (FREE) Differences with ControlZero Price? The True Value of Free Products". FRB of Bostonthe intrahousehold allocation of free and purchased mosquito

Cohen, Jessica; Dupas, Pascaline

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

In-Situ Characterization of Bainite Transformation by Confocal Laser ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measured kinetics which are projected ones of true kinetics are revised based ... Hybrid System for the In-Situ Observation of Microstructure Formation in Steel ...

389

High resolution inductively coupled plasma etching of 30 nm lines ...  

The electrostatic shield around the ICP tube is used to ensure that the ICP power is purely inductively coupled ~i.e., ‘‘true ICP’’!, hence elimi-

390

Current Control Technology for Quantum Cascade Laser and Other ...  

Summary. For laser-based trace gas sensing applications, precision, stability and reliability are key. This is true for quantum cascade laser-based ...

391

Theoretical Physics continued | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

analyzing data from the LHC to identify which of these many ideas are true. Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) is one very successful theory. It describes strong interactions...

392

Who Owns Copyrighted Work?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This does not always hold true, and under these facts the business owner's assumption is wrong. (Although this scenario focuses on computer software, any  ...

393

Technical Program - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 15, 2005 ... In Search of the True Temperature and Stress Intensity Factor ...... electrochemical corrosion potential (ECP), the technique of noble metal treat-.

394

table of contents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Noble Metal & SCC Mitigation. BWR SCC .... In Search of the True Temperature and Stress Intensity Factor Dependencies for PWSCC [pp. 977] Questions and ...

395

layout pages.indd  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 14, 2005 ... Noble Metal & SCC Mitigation Cliff Lodge, Ballroom I .... In Search of the True Temperature and Stress Intensity Factor Dependencies for ...

396

ATP Project Brief - 00-00-7517  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... be a great enabler of simple system design and true mobility. ... the field of spintronics, STT switching utilizes a spin-polarized electron current flowing ...

397

NREL: Energy Systems Integration - Increasing the Value of Microgrids...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The agenda and workshop presentations are below. Agenda An Example Commercial True Microgrid: Santa Rita Jail DC - The Power to Change the World: From Data Centers to Whole...

398

7-21-09_Final_Testimony_Hoffman.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(HILP) to highimpact, highprobability. This is particularly true for smart grid systems, which by their very nature involve the use of information and communication...

399

NCS GISMO Features Identifer -Master URL: not published on WWW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with 2 "do-nothing" subscans and one Lissajous subscans, enter, e. g., in a pako script: diy /clear" /sys trueHorizon subscan 1800 0 /ts 12 /cr "R" /sys trueHorizon diy PAUSE "good to go? [c/q]" start-source" ("do-something".) diy without options lists the defned subscans in the command-line window. start

Leclercq, Samuel

400

Project Report (postscript) - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to be an active area of research. This is because for many ...... G[j] and (h = G[k] or q = G[k])). then inP := true; break; fi;. od;. if not inP then RETURN(true) fi;. 51 ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

65 $OSHUW . %URZQ % :RROI 05/21/97 09:50 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

products, specifically Ford, Toyota, or Porsche cars1 . We could set a flag in the application to specifyApplication>>createEngine "Without Builder" manufacturer == #Ford ifTrue: [^FordEngine new]. manufacturer == #Toyota ifTrue: [^Toyota on the application's behalf. The application can use a Ford Builder to put Fords together, a Toyota Builder

Ducasse, Stéphane

402

H9: Application of Ludwigson Function for the Work Hardening ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The graphs in the system true stress-true strain were observed two ranges of deformation. ... as the percentage, shape and spatial distribution of reinforcement particles. .... C19: Dissolution Behavior of Cu Under Bump Metallization in Ball Grid Array ... Volume and Fast Turnaround Automated Inline TEM Sample Preparation.

403

Ground potential rise monitor  

SciTech Connect

A device and method for detecting ground potential rise (GPR) comprising positioning a first electrode and a second electrode at a distance from each other into the earth. The voltage of the first electrode and second electrode is attenuated by an attenuation factor creating an attenuated voltage. The true RMS voltage of the attenuated voltage is determined creating an attenuated true RMS voltage. The attenuated true RMS voltage is then multiplied by the attenuation factor creating a calculated true RMS voltage. If the calculated true RMS voltage is greater than a first predetermined voltage threshold, a first alarm is enabled at a local location. If user input is received at a remote location acknowledging the first alarm, a first alarm acknowledgment signal is transmitted. The first alarm acknowledgment signal is then received at which time the first alarm is disabled.

Allen, Zachery W. (Mandan, ND); Zevenbergen, Gary A. (Arvada, CO)

2012-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

404

Category:Networking Organizations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Organizations Organizations Jump to: navigation, search Add.png Add a new Networking Organization Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

405

US Recovery Act Smart Grid Demonstration Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Projects Projects Jump to: navigation, search CSV Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

406

Hydrogen | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydrogen Companies Hydrogen Companies Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"SATELLITE","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":1000,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":1,"width":"380px","height":"250px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

407

Low Temperature Direct Use Snowmelt Geothermal Facilities | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Temperature Direct Use Snowmelt Geothermal Facilities Low Temperature Direct Use Snowmelt Geothermal Facilities Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":800,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":"Geothermal

408

Category:State Oil and Gas Boards | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

State Oil and Gas Board State Oil and Gas Board Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

409

Category:International Oil and Gas Boards | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Boards Boards Jump to: navigation, search Add a new International Oil and Gas Board Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

410

US Recovery Act Smart Grid Investment Grant Projects | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CSV CSV Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

411

Geothermal Analysis | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Analysis Analysis Jump to: navigation, search Geothermal ARRA Funded Projects for Geothermal Analysis Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":200,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

412

US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects - Advanced Metering Infrastructure |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Projects - Advanced Metering Infrastructure Projects - Advanced Metering Infrastructure Jump to: navigation, search CSV Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

413

Property:AdvancedEconomy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AdvancedEconomy AdvancedEconomy Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Pages using the property "AdvancedEconomy" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Afghanistan + false + Albania + false + Algeria + false + Andorra + false + Angola + false + Anguilla + false + Antigua and Barbuda + false + Argentina + false + Armenia + false + Aruba + false + Australia + true + Austria + true + Azerbaijan + false + B Bahamas + false + Bahrain + false + Bangladesh + false + Barbados + false + Belarus + false + Belgium + true + Belize + false + Benin + false + Bermuda + false + Bhutan + false + Bolivia + false + Bosnia and Herzegovina + false + (previous 25) (next 25) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:AdvancedEconomy&oldid=282067#SMWResults"

414

Category:Private Institutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Institutions Institutions Jump to: navigation, search Add a new Research Institution Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

415

Map of Solar Energy Companies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Companies Companies Jump to: navigation, search Add a new Company Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":5000,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

416

Low Temperature Direct Use Aquaculture Geothermal Facilities | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Temperature Direct Use Aquaculture Geothermal Facilities Low Temperature Direct Use Aquaculture Geothermal Facilities Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":800,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":"Geothermal

417

Low Temperature Direct Use Agricultural Drying Geothermal Facilities | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Temperature Direct Use Agricultural Drying Geothermal Facilities Low Temperature Direct Use Agricultural Drying Geothermal Facilities Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":800,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":"Geothermal

418

Category:Financial Organizations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Financial Organizations Financial Organizations Jump to: navigation, search Add a new Financial Organization Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

419

Category:Smart Grid Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Smart Grid Projects Smart Grid Projects Jump to: navigation, search CSV Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

420

Low Temperature Direct Use Greenhouse Geothermal Facilities | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Facilities Geothermal Facilities Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":800,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":"Geothermal

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Low Temperature Direct Use District Heating Geothermal Facilities | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Heating Geothermal Facilities Heating Geothermal Facilities Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":800,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":"Geothermal

422

Category:Smart Grid Projects in United States | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

States States Jump to: navigation, search CSV Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

423

US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects - Electric Distributions Systems | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Distributions Systems Distributions Systems Jump to: navigation, search CSV Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

424

Map of Low Temperature Direct Use Geothermal Facilities | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Facilities Geothermal Facilities Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":800,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":"Geothermal

425

Category:Energy Generation Facilities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Generation Facilities Energy Generation Facilities Jump to: navigation, search All Geothermal Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"SATELLITE","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":1000,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

426

US Recovery Act Smart Grid Energy Storage Demonstration Projects | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Storage Demonstration Projects Storage Demonstration Projects Jump to: navigation, search CSV Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

427

US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects - Customer Systems | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Systems Systems Jump to: navigation, search CSV Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

428

Category:Academic Institutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Academic Institutions Academic Institutions Jump to: navigation, search Add a new Research Institution Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

429

Low Temperature Direct Use Space Heating Geothermal Facilities | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Temperature Direct Use Space Heating Geothermal Facilities Low Temperature Direct Use Space Heating Geothermal Facilities Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":800,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":"Geothermal

430

US Recovery Act Smart Grid Regional Demonstration Projects | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CSV CSV Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

431

Map of Clean Energy Companies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Companies Companies Jump to: navigation, search Add a new Company Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":1000,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

432

US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects - Integrated and Crosscutting Systems |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

- Integrated and Crosscutting Systems - Integrated and Crosscutting Systems Jump to: navigation, search CSV Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

433

Category:Smart Grid Projects in Europe | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Smart Grid Projects in Europe Smart Grid Projects in Europe Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

434

Category:Policy Organizations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Organizations Organizations Jump to: navigation, search Add.png Add a new Policy Organization Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

435

Data management in Systems biology II - Outlook towards the semantic web  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The benefit of using ontologies, defined by the respective data standards, is shown. It is presented how ontologies can be used for the semantic enrichment of data and how this can contribute to the vision of the semantic web to become true. The problems existing today on the way to a true semantic web are pinpointed, different semantic web standards, tools and development frameworks are overlooked and an outlook towards artificial intelligence and agents for searching and mining the data in the semantic web are given, paving the way from data management to information and in the end true knowledge management systems.

Mayer, Gerhard

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Power factors revealed  

SciTech Connect

When it comes to power, not all electric appliances are equal. To find out how much power an appliance consumes, energy auditors occasionally multiply line voltage by the current reading obtained from a clamp-on ammeter. However, depending on the appliance, this simple calculation will not always reflect true power usages. Since utilities bill only for true energy usage, residential energy audits should reflect the true power usage. This article explains in detail measuring power usage, ending with a number of suggestions including use of a wattmeter rather than a ammeter. 2 figs.

Brule, P.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

University of Wisconsin - Madison Space Science and Engineering Center Leslie Moy, Lori Borg, Bob Knuteson, Hank Revercomb, Joel Susskind, and Dave Tobin  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wisconsin - Madison Wisconsin - Madison Space Science and Engineering Center Leslie Moy, Dave Tobin, Bob Knuteson, Lori Borg, Hank Revercomb (PI), Marty Mlynczak 1 , and Joel Susskind 2 1 NASA Langley, 2 NASA GSFC Assessing ARM Clear Sky BBHRP with CERES and AIRS The RRTM calculations of clear sky OLR agree with CERES observations to ~1 W/m 2 with an uncertainty of ~1 W/m 2 . * True at SGP over 2.5 years, true globally (with some understood regional exceptions) for study day. * True using ARM data as input to RRTM, true using AIRS sounding retrievals as input to RRTM. BBRHP summary report Goal: To assess and improve BBHRP. Approach: Use CERES fluxes & AIRS radiances and retrievals. * SSF CERES is currently a better metric for BBHRP assessment than GOES. * AIRS spectral radiance analysis allows us to evaluate the

438

Complementary Chemistry and Matched Materials  

Office of Science (SC) Website

T, almost never C or G. The same is true for the others. Brookhaven Lab researchers, led by physicist Oleg Gang in its Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN), used that...

439

Clarity without rigidity : urban performance landscape in Berlin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"What is necessary, is an incomplete design; a design that has clarity without rigidity; one that could be called 'open' as against 'shut'. This is the essence of theatrical thinking: a true theater designer will think of ...

Danziger, Jason Aaron, 1970-

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

NREL GIS Data: Alaska High Resolution Wind Resource Annual average...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

were produced by AWS TrueWind using their MesoMap system and historical weather data under contract to Wind Powering AmericaNREL. This map has been validated with...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Essays in development economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(cont.) social activities. These results are unlikely to be driven by omitted environmental variables: social violence increases fastest where participation in Koran study also increases the fastest, and this is not true ...

Chen, Daniel

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Weather Regimes and Forecast Errors in the Pacific Northwest  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite overall improvements in numerical weather prediction and data assimilation, large short-term forecast errors of sea level pressure and 2-m temperature still occur. This is especially true for the west coast of North America where short-...

Lynn A. McMurdie; Joseph H. Casola

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Tracking Atmospheric Instabilities with the Kalman Filter. Part II: Two-Layer Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sequential data assimilation schemes approaching true optimality for sizable atmospheric models are becoming a reality. The behavior of the Kalman filter (KF) under difficult conditions needs therefore to be understood. In this two-part paper the ...

Michael Ghil; Ricardo Todling

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Solution of Nonlinear Finite Difference Ocean Models by Optimization Methods with Sensitivity and Observational Strategy Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dynamical models driven by “observed” forcing fields (e.g., the wind) have a true solution uncertainty owing to observational errors in the driving. This uncertainty is usually hidden from view because conventional numerical methods do not easily ...

Jens Schröter; Carl Wunsch

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Incorporating Misclassification Error in Skill Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is desirable to account for misclassification error of meteorological observations so that the true skill of the forecast can be assessed. Errors in observations can occur, among other places, in pilot reports of icing and in tornado spotting. ...

William Briggs; Matt Pocernich; David Ruppert

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

The effects of chemical toners on cold and warm tone photographic black and white fiber base enlarging papers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What this thesis attempts to present is a systematic and ordered assembling of different true chemical toners on two types of black and white enlarging papers with two different developers. It is my hope that this study ...

Rantoul, Micaela Garzoni

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

USACE Update 25 July 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the organization, but are put into practice most directly at the local level. This is necessarily true because Engineer of the Year at their annual meeting. USACE has its own Tribal website within the HQ homepage

US Army Corps of Engineers

448

Solar Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gateway Gateway Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Solar Power (Redirected from Solar) Jump to: navigation, search Solar Energy Companies Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"SATELLITE","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":1000,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"99%","height":"300px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":true,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

449

Structural steel framing options for mid- and high rise buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Selecting a structural system for a building is a complex, multidisciplinary process. No design project is the same; however, there are certain criteria that are commonly true in the initial phase of evaluating different ...

Cook, Jason A. (Jason Andrew)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Conflicting Investment Incentives in Electricity Transmission Enzo Sauma, Student Member, IEEE and Shmuel S. Oren, Fellow, IEEE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Conflicting Investment Incentives in Electricity Transmission Enzo Sauma, Student Member, IEEE illustrates the potential existence of conflicting incentives concerning electricity transmission investment, this principle is not always true in deregulated electricity systems, where transfers are not always feasible

451

How are Homeowners and Businesses Paying for Solar Energy Systems...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

We commonly think that the sun provides free energy. That's true, but photovoltaic panels and other equipment to harvest that energy aren't free. The question is: how are they...

452

University of California Nonresident Tuition Exemption Application and Affidavit for Eligible California High School Graduates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of California Nonresident Tuition Exemption Application and Affidavit for Eligible California High School Graduates Instructions Application Affidavit Declaration of True and Accurate of California Nonresident Tuition Exemption for Eligible California High School Graduates and declare that ALL

Grether, Gregory

453

Standardization of network interfaces : a framework for collaborative development and go-to-market strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over the last decade technological innovation in computers and communications industries has resulted in higher penetration of technology intensive products in businesses and homes. In communications industry, the true ...

Hardikar, Uday

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

DOE Solar Decathlon: 2007 Teams - University of Maryland  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2007 Solar Decathlon house. True to its name, Maryland's LEAFHouse is designed to bring light and the feeling of nature into the house. Translucent skylights traverse the length of...

455

--No Title--  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy-efficient house a wish come true for Santa Listen to the audio OAK RIDGE, Tenn., Dec. 20, 2004 - Christmas costs can make us all a bit less jolly, but there are a number of...

456

Objective Detection of Oceanic Eddies and the Agulhas Leakage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mesoscale oceanic eddies are routinely detected from instantaneous velocities derived from satellite altimetry data. While simple to implement, this approach often gives spurious results and hides true material transport. Here it is shown how ...

Francisco J. Beron-Vera; Yan Wang; María J. Olascoaga; Gustavo J. Goni; George Haller

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Analyzing the Effects of Temporal Wind Patterns on the Value of Wind-Generated Electricity at Different Sites in California and the Northwest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Value of Wind-Generated Electricity References TrueWindValuing the Time-Varying Electricity Production of Solarthe Value of Wind-Generated Electricity References Gipe, P.

Fripp, Matthias; Wiser, Ryan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

#VRML V2.0 utf8  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

#VRML V2.0 utf8. NavigationInfo {. headlight TRUE. }. Viewpoint {. fieldOfView 0.785398. orientation 0 0 1 0. position 0.047822 0.021707 2.948648. ...

2002-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

459

#VRML V2.0 utf8  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

#VRML V2.0 utf8. WorldInfo {. info "Gravity: on". }. NavigationInfo {. headlight TRUE. }. Viewpoint {. fieldOfView 0.785398. orientation 0 0 1 0. ...

2001-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

460

Safe Frozen Turkey Preparation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to the dog. 4. Save time and dirty dishes, just prepare the meal. A. True why wash so many dishes? B. False wash the cutting board frequently in hot soapy water; same...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

The U.S. aviation system to the year 2000  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction: 1.1 The Future of the Aviation System. It is nothing if not presumptuous to look ahead twenty years in any phase of human activity. This seems particularly true in civil aviation where the certificated airlines ...

Ausrotas, Raymond A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Do fish sleep?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Do fish sleep? Name: Tom M Dechand Status: NA Age: NA Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: Is it true that fish do not sleep? Replies: Most all fish spend time in an...

463

PRAMANA c Indian Academy of Sciences Vol. 63, No. 4 --journal of October 2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

refractive index' [7] could be real. Theoretically however, these esoteric concepts were outlined decades ago Casimir effect. It is true that today, negative energy or wormholes are esoteric ideas. But, following

Visser, Matt

464

NREL GIS Data: Indiana High Resolution Wind Resource Abstract...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

estimates were produced by AWS TrueWind using their MesoMap system and historical weather data under contract to Wind Powering AmericaNREL. This map has been validated...

465

Algorithms and Representations for Visual Recognition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

head yaw and matches the “human error rate” when the personRECOGNITION Average human error in degrees (6.66 head, 7.07interface True yaw (b) Human Error (c) Head Yaw (d) Torso

Maji, Subhransu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Strategies for aluminum recycling : insights from material system optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dramatic increase in aluminum consumption over the past decades necessitates a societal effort to recycle and reuse these materials to promote true sustainability and energy savings in aluminum production. However, the ...

Li, Preston Pui-Chuen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Iran-US Relations: At a New Cross Roads  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

These are the true voice of Iran! These are the people thatYou must let the youth of Iran know that they are not alone,society. Indeed, many in Iran credit the robust movement of

Pahlavi, Reva

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

It Starts with Science... | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

learning to teach yourself in the future, right, how to think critically, how to read a book, how to look at things in a way that you're not force-fed - Is this true? This isn't -...

469

The Shrew  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

musky odor which repels many of its enemies. This is especially true of the male shrew. Cats will kill them but rarely eat them, However, they are preyed upon by weasels, mink,...

470

Probing Finescale Dynamics and Microphysics of Clouds with Helicopter-Borne Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Helicopter-based measurements provide an opportunity for probing the finescale dynamics and microphysics of clouds simultaneously in space and time. Due to the low true air speed compared with research aircraft, a helicopter allows for ...

Holger Siebert; Katrin Lehmann; Manfred Wendisch; Harald Franke; Rolf Maser; Dieter Schell; Ewe Wei Saw; Raymond A. Shaw

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Mission to Planet Earth: Role of Clouds and Radiation in Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of clouds in modifying the earth's radiation balance is well recognized as a key uncertainty in predicting any potential future climate change. This statement is true whether the climate change of interest is caused by changing emissions ...

Bruce A. Wielicki; Edwin F. Harrison; Robert D. Cess; Michael D. King; David A. Randall

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Pixel-wise Motion Detection in Persistent Aerial Video Surveillance  

SciTech Connect

In ground stabilized WAMI, stable objects with depth appear to have precessive motion due to sensor movement alongside objects undergoing true, independent motion in the scene. Computational objective is to disambiguate independent and structural motion in WAMI efficiently and robustly.

Vesom, G

2012-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

473

dpadic.mpl - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

... nops(B), bound, round(evalf(log[2](p))))); # p-adic lift d := 1; N := 2; # initial number of steps (doubles) rec := false; # slower rate of increase if true sol := table (); ...

474

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Coal Severance Tax (Montana) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive true + IncentiveApplDsc...

475

Microfabrication techniques for trapped ion quantum ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... used for micro-traps, starting with stacking multiple wafers to form a ... dc rf dc rf dc ... This section starts with a description of the tried and true gold-on ...

2010-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

476

PDF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jan 21, 2003 ... Smoothed Analysis of Interior-Point Algorithms: Termination .... For an event, E, we let [E] denote the random variable that is 1 when E is true ...

477

How are Real Grids Used? The Analysis of Four Grid Traces and Its Implications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Grid computing vision promises to provide the needed platform for a new and more demanding range of applications. For this promise to become true, a number of hurdles, including the design and deployment of adequate resource management and information ...

Alexandru Iosup; Catalin Dumitrescu; Dick Epema; Hui Li; Lex Wolters

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

E3: Success Story - Rapid-Line Inc. | Economy – Energy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Lindquist and other Rapid-Line staff worked with the Green ... is true and not just a short-lived trend in ... Mark Lindquist, President, Rapid-Line Inc. ...

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

479

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

rates that are based on average electricity costs and bear little relation to the true production costs of electricity as they vary over time. Demand... http:energy.govoe...

480

Benefits of Demand Response in Electricity Markets and Recommendations...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

rates that are based on average electricity costs and bear little relation to the true production costs of electricity as they vary over time. Demand response is a tariff or...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fir true fir" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Invariant based programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Program verification is usually done by adding specifications and invariants to the program and then proving that the verification conditions are all true. This makes program verification an alternative to or a complement to testing. We study here an ...

Ralph-Johan Back

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

National Insecurity and Human Rights: Democracies Debate Counterterrorism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

challenges to their home security. 10 Public opinion,of the Home Office, the police, and security ser- vicessecurity demands attributed to this new kind of warfare, in which the enemy lacks a true home

Brysk, Alison; Shafir, Gershon

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Design of a low enrichment, enhanced fast flux core for the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Research Reactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Worldwide, there is limited test reactor capacity to perform the required irradiation experiments on advanced fast reactor materials and fuel designs. This is particularly true in the U.S., which no longer has an operating ...

Ellis, Tyler Shawn

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

An Algorithm for Identification of Reduced-Order Dynamic Models of Gas Turbines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Model based approaches show a lot of advantages for fault detection and condition monitoring. Particularly, it is true in employing reduced order models for real-time parameter identification and output prediction of gas turbines. Many algorithms have ...

Xuewu Dai; Tim Breikin; Hong Wang

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Performance metrics for soil moisture retrievals and application requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quadratic performance metrics such as root-mean-square error (RMSE) and time series correlation are often used to assess the accuracy of geophysical retrievals (satellite measurements) with respect to true fields. These ...

Entekhabi, Dara

486

3D imaging spectroscopy for measuring hyperspectral patterns on solid objects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sophisticated methods for true spectral rendering have been developed in computer graphics to produce highly accurate images. In addition to traditional applications in visualizing appearance, such methods have potential applications in many areas of ...

Min H. Kim; Todd Alan Harvey; David S. Kittle; Holly Rushmeier; Julie Dorsey; Richard O. Prum; David J. Brady

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

I P U B L IS H IN G A N O T E C H N O L O G Y N anotechnology ...  

R ecen t advan ces in nanoscale synthesis and fabricatio n tec hniques have opened the door to the m anufacture of true nanoelectrom echanical system s (N E M S ).

488

Performance Metrics for Soil Moisture Retrievals and Application Requirements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quadratic performance metrics such as root-mean-square error (RMSE) and time series correlation are often used to assess the accuracy of geophysical retrievals (satellite measurements) with respect to true fields. These metrics are related; ...

Dara Entekhabi; Rolf H. Reichle; Randal D. Koster; Wade T. Crow

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

The Advanced Dvorak Technique: Continued Development of an Objective Scheme to Estimate Tropical Cyclone Intensity Using Geostationary Infrared Satellite Imagery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical cyclones are becoming an increasing menace to society as populations grow in coastal regions. Forecasting the intensity of these often-temperamental weather systems can be a real challenge, especially if the true intensity at the ...

Timothy L. Olander; Christopher S. Velden

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Gauss: a parameterized domain of computation system with ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is no facility for testing if a matrix is singular or not. In [9] we have looked at .... mechanism for converting from one data type to another. > D [Type] (m) ; true ...

491

Estimation of Errors in Seasonal Cycles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A formula is first given for the error in a 2-harmonic seasonal curve of best fit through a set of N oceanographic data points, assuming the departures from the true mean are independent random numbers.

J. S. Godfrey; K. R. Ridgway

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

The Consortium for Social Work Training in Aging: Schools of social work in partnership with county departments of adult and aging services  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

knowledge and misconceptions about aging: Responses toPalmore's Facts on Aging quizzes. The Ger- ontologist,32,of Palmore's second facts on aging quiz from a true-false to

Scharlach, Andrew E; Robinson, B K

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Proximity and Provenance: A Lesson from the Sterling Cache, Idaho  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Samples from Veratic Rockshelter, Idaho. Tebiwa 12(l):27-30.from the Sterling Cache, Idaho to being a "true" obsidian (American Falls Quandrangle, Idaho. U.S. Geological Survey

Hughes, Richard E.; Pavesic, Max G.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Bayesian Mixture of AR Models for Time Series Clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose a Bayesian framework for estimation of parameters of a mixture of autoregressive model, for time series clustering. The proposed approach is based on variational principles and provides a tractable approximation to the true posterior ...

Venkataramana Kini B; C. Chandra Sekhar

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Secondary Flow and Upstream Dynamics in Double Bifurcation Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flow behavior in bifurcation models is of great importance to health risk assessments and pulmonary drug delivery. This is particularly true of secondary flow behavior in multi-bifurcation models. Previously, both numerical ...

Leong, Fong Yew

496

Ceteris Paribus Hedges: Causal Voodoo That Works  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

true: for just about any choice of Z, F, and G there will be some Rube Goldberg mechanism that links behavior of gases (thus not about Rube Goldberg causal pathways that travel outside the gas

Strevens, Michael

497

Moths  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

true of our vineyards, our orchards, our shade trees and our forest trees. The European Corn-borer seriously damages field corn and sweet corn. Army Worms and Cut-worms destroy...

498

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

toward the first. Think about that the next time two socks electrically cling in the laundry. You may have heard of photons as "particles of light." That's true, too. Photons can...

499

Hi folks, Sage 4.3.2 was released on February 06th, 2010. It is ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

... #7962: Tim Dumol: Add link to download all worksheets as a zip file for accounts=True [Reviewed by Mitesh Patel; merged in sagenb-0.7] #7963: Mitesh Patel: ...

500

Meditation, Repentance, and Visionary Experience in Early Medieval Chinese Buddhism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

practices, the “two gates of ambrosia” (????; am?ta- dv?ra),have spoken is the supreme ambrosia, whose taste is that ofthe Tath?gata for the ambrosia of the true teaching that

Greene, Eric M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z