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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fin ished aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

INDUSTRIAL SAFETY & HEALTH (ISH)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HEALTH (ISH) HEALTH (ISH) OBJECTIVE ISH.1 A comprehensive industrial safety & health program has been implemented to address applicable safety requirements at the TA 55 SST Facility. (Core Requirements 1, 3, and 4) Criteria * Procedures are implemented to address applicable industrial & health safety issues. * An adequate number of trained personnel are available to support SST facility regarding industrial safety & health concerns. * Portable fire extinguishers are appropriate for the class of fire they are expected to fight and are located within the proper distance. * Cranes, hooks, slings, and other rigging are plainly marked as to their capacity and inspected prior to use. * Forklifts and other powered lifting devices are adequately inspected.

2

ISHED1: Applying the LEM Methodology to Heat Exchanger Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ISHED1: Applying the LEM Methodology to Heat Exchanger Design Kenneth A. Kaufman Ryszard S. Michalski MLI 00-2 #12;2 ISHED1: APPLYING THE LEM METHODOLOGY TO HEAT EXCHANGER DESIGN Kenneth A. Kaufman-2 January 2000 #12;ISHED1: APPLYING THE LEM METHODOLOGY TO HEAT EXCHANGER DESIGN Abstract Evolutionary

Michalski, Ryszard S.

3

Aviation Management | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Aviation Management Aviation Management Aviation Management Executive Secretariat Energy Reduction at HQ Facilities and Infrastructure Federal Advisory Committee Management Freedom...

4

Aviation safety analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction: Just as the aviation system is complex and interrelated, so is aviation safety. Aviation safety involves design of aircraft and airports, training of ground personnel and flight crew members' maintenance of ...

Ausrotas, Raymond A.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Aviation fuels, 1983  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Properties of some aviation gasolines and aviation turbine fuels marketed in the United States during 1983 are presented in this report. The samples represented are typical 1983 production and were analyzed in the laboratories of 12 manufacturers of aviation gasolines and 18 producers of aviation turbine (jet) fuels. The data were submitted for study, calculation, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER), Bartlesville, Oklahoma, and the American Petroleum Institute (API). Results for properties of 34 samples of grades 80/87, 100/130, and 100LL for aviation gasolines, and 104 samples of military grades JP-4 and JP-5, and commercial type Jet A for aviation turbine fuels are included in this report.

Shelton, E.M.; Dickson, C.L.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Aviation turbine fuels, 1985  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Samples of this report are typical 1985 production and were analyzed in the laboratories of 17 manufactures of aviation turbine (jet) fuels. The data were submitted for study, calculation, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER), Bartlesville, Oklahoma, the American Petroleum Institute (API), and the United States Department of Energy (DOE), Bartlesville Project Office. results for certain properties of 88 samples of aviation turbine fuels are included in the report for military grades JP-4 and JP-5, and commercial type Jet A. Previous aviation fuel survey reports are listed.

Dickson, C.L.; Woodward, P.W.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Aviation turbine fuels, 1982  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Properties of some aviation turbine fuels marketed in the United States during 1982 are presented in this report. The samples represented are typical 1982 production and were analyzed in the laboratories of 14 manufacturers of aviation turbine (jet) fuels. The data were submitted for study, calculation, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE), Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC), Bartlesville, Oklahoma, and the American Petroleum Institute (API). Results for the properties of 90 samples of aviation turbine fuels are included in the report for military grades JP-4 and HP-5, and commercial type Jet A.

Shelton, E.M.; Dickson, C.L.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Corrosion in Commercial Aviation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...upper fuselage resulted in federal airworthiness directives, establishing requirements to prevent or control corrosion in aircraft. The Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Title 14 CFR Parts 121, 129, and 135 require that the maintenance and inspection programs include...

9

Aviation Weather Information Requirements Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Aviation Safety Program (AvSP) has as its goal an improvement in aviation safety by a factor of 5 over the next 10 years and a factor of 10 over the next 20 years. Since weather has a big impact on aviation safety and is associated with 30 percent ...

Keel Byron M.; Stancil Charles E.; Eckert Clifford A.; Brown Susan M.; Gimmestad Gary G.; Richards Mark A.

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Nano fabrication of silicon fins.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??We describe the formation of silicon micro- and nano-fins, with (111)-plane sidewall facets, for selective sidewall epitaxy of III-Nitride semiconductors. The fins were produced by… (more)

Liu, Lianci

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

TRANSPORTATION CENTER--NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Aviation Symposium: The Future for Aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TRANSPORTATION CENTER--NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Aviation Symposium: The Future for Aviation April The Transportation Center has organized a special Aviation Symposium focusing on important aviation industry topics, Professor of Transportation at Northwestern University and former Director of the Transportation Center

Bustamante, Fabián E.

12

Impact of Aviation on Climate: Research Priorities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Though presently small in magnitude, aviation’s future impact on climate will likely increase with the absence of effective mitigation measures. With the exception of CO2 emissions, climate impacts of aviation emissions are quite uncertain, and ...

Guy P. Brasseur; Mohan Gupta

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Patricia Hagerty, Aviation Program Analyst - Bio | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Patricia Hagerty, Aviation Program Analyst - Bio Patricia Hagerty, Aviation Program Analyst - Bio HagertyPatPersonalProfile.pdf More Documents & Publications Ferrin Moore, Senior...

14

Patricia Hagerty, Aviation Program Analyst  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OFFICE OF AVIATION MANAGEMENT Personal Profile Name: Patricia L. "Pat" Hagerty Title: Aviation Program Analyst Organization: Office of Aviation Management/MA-30 Address: Headquarters, United States Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue S.W. Washington, D.C. 20585 E-mail Address: patricia.hagerty@hq.doe.gov Phone Number: Office: (202) 586-5489, Mobile: (240) 477-3671 Fax Number: (202) 586-6008 Field of Expertise/ Experience: Prior to joining the Office of Aviation Management on March 28, 2008, Pat was a Transportation Industry Analyst (TIA) in the Department of Transportation's Office of the General Counsel, Aviation Consumer Protection Division. As a TIA, Pat evaluated domestic and foreign air carriers to ensure compliance with existing consumer protection

15

Ash cloud aviation advisories  

SciTech Connect

During the recent (12--22 June 1991) Mount Pinatubo volcano eruptions, the US Air Force Global Weather Central (AFGWC) requested assistance of the US Department of Energy`s Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability (ARAC) in creating volcanic ash cloud aviation advisories for the region of the Philippine Islands. Through application of its three-dimensional material transport and diffusion models using AFGWC meteorological analysis and forecast wind fields ARAC developed extensive analysis and 12-hourly forecast ash cloud position advisories extending to 48 hours for a period of five days. The advisories consisted of ``relative`` ash cloud concentrations in ten layers (surface-5,000 feet, 5,000--10,000 feet and every 10,000 feet to 90,000 feet). The ash was represented as a log-normal size distribution of 10--200 {mu}m diameter solid particles. Size-dependent ``ashfall`` was simulated over time as the eruption clouds dispersed. Except for an internal experimental attempt to model one of the Mount Redoubt, Alaska, eruptions (12/89), ARAC had no prior experience in modeling volcanic eruption ash hazards. For the cataclysmic eruption of 15--16 June, the complex three-dimensional atmospheric structure of the region produced dramatically divergent ash cloud patterns. The large eruptions (> 7--10 km) produced ash plume clouds with strong westward transport over the South China Sea, Southeast Asia, India and beyond. The low-level eruptions (< 7 km) and quasi-steady-state venting produced a plume which generally dispersed to the north and east throughout the support period. Modeling the sequence of eruptions presented a unique challenge. Although the initial approach proved viable, further refinement is necessary and possible. A distinct need exists to quantify eruptions consistently such that ``relative`` ash concentrations relate to specific aviation hazard categories.

Sullivan, T.J.; Ellis, J.S. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Schalk, W.W.; Nasstrom, J.S. [EG and G, Inc., Pleasanton, CA (United States)

1992-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

16

Aviation emission inventory development and analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An up to date and accurate aviation emission inventory is a prerequisite for any detailed analysis of aviation emission impact on greenhouse gases and local air quality around airports. In this paper we present an aviation emission inventory using real ... Keywords: Air traffic, Aviation emission, Emission inventory, Environmental modelling

Viet Van Pham; Jiangjun Tang; Sameer Alam; Chris Lokan; Hussein A. Abbass

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Aviation forecasting and systems analyses  

SciTech Connect

The 9 papers in this report deal with the following areas: method of allocating airport runway slots; method for forecasting general aviation activity; air traffic control network-planning model based on second-order Markov chains; analyzing ticket-choice decisions of air travelers; assessing the safety and risk of air traffic control systems: risk estimation from rare events; forecasts of aviation fuel consumption in Virginia; estimating the market share of international air carriers; forecasts of passenger and air-cargo activity at Logan International Airport; and forecasting method for general aviation aircraft and their activity.

Geisinger, K.E.; Brander, J.R.G.; Wilson, F.R.; Kohn, H.M.; Polhemus, N.W.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

General Aviation Aircraft Reliability Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This reliability study estimates Complex General Aviation (GA) Aircraft System reliability. As part of an effort to successfully improve the safety and reliability of the next generation of GA aircraft, a benchmarking of the current reliability of GA ...

Pettit Duane; Turnbull Andrew

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Flow visualisation in inclined louvered fins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study the flow within an interrupted fin design, the inclined louvered fin, is investigated experimentally through visualisation. The inclined louvered fin is a hybrid of the offset strip fin and standard louvered fin, aimed at improved performance at low Reynolds numbers for compact heat exchangers. The flow behaviour is studied in six geometrically different configurations over a range of Reynolds numbers and quantified using the concept of 'fin angle alignment factor'. The transition from steady laminar to unsteady flow was studied in detail. The fin geometry had a very large impact on the transitional flow behaviour, especially on vortex shedding. (author)

T'Joen, C.; De Paepe, M. [Department of Flow, Heat and Combustion Mechanics, Ghent University-UGent, Sint-Pietersnieuwstraat 41, 9000 Gent (Belgium); Jacobi, A. [Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1206 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States)

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

20

aviation fuels | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

aviation fuels aviation fuels Dataset Summary Description The New Zealand Ministry of Economic Development publishes energy data including many datasets related to oil and other petroleum products. Source New Zealand Ministry of Economic Development Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords aviation fuels diesel fuel oil oil petrol Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon annual production, imports, and exports of all oil products (xls, 294.9 KiB) application/vnd.ms-excel icon quarterly production of oil products by fuel type (xls, 272.4 KiB) application/vnd.ms-excel icon total petrol (xls, 155.1 KiB) application/vnd.ms-excel icon premium unleaded petrol (xls, 95.2 KiB) application/vnd.ms-excel icon regular unleaded petrol (xls, 119.3 KiB) application/vnd.ms-excel icon diesel (xls, 151 KiB)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fin ished aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

An Operations Research approach to aviation security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, aviation security policy has remained a focus of national attention. We develop mathematical models to address some prominent problems in aviation security. We explore ...

Martonosi, Susan Elizabeth

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Emergency Guidebook for General Aviation Airports  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Emergency Guidebook for General Aviation Airports A Guidebook for Municipal Airport Managers #12;Emergency Guidebook for General Aviation Airports Published by: Minnesota Airport Technical Assistance................................................................................................................................................1 Developing an Airport Emergency Plan

Janssen, Michel

23

Aviation Sustainable Biofuels: An Asian Airline Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aviation Sustainable Biofuels: An Asian Airline Perspective Dr Mark Watson Head of Environmental Affairs, Cathay Pacific Airways Ltd, Hong Kong Aviation Biofuels Session World Biofuels Markets, Rotterdam 24 March 2011 #12;Aviation Biofuels in Asia: Current Status · Focus on "2nd generation" sustainable

24

Aviation Manager | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Aviation Manager | National Nuclear Security Administration Aviation Manager | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Who We Are > In The Spotlight > Joseph Ginanni Aviation Manager Joseph Ginanni Joseph Ginanni Role: Aviation Manager Award: U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) Federal Aviation Professional Award

25

Aviation Manager | National Nuclear Security Administration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aviation Manager | National Nuclear Security Administration Aviation Manager | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Who We Are > In The Spotlight > Joseph Ginanni Aviation Manager Joseph Ginanni Joseph Ginanni Role: Aviation Manager Award: U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) Federal Aviation Professional Award

26

Ferrin Moore, Senior Aviation Policy Officer  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ferrin Moore Ferrin Moore Title: Senior Aviation Policy Officer Organization: Office of Aviation Management/MA-30 Address: Headquarters, United States Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue S.W. Washington, D.C. 20585 E-mail Address: Ferrin.Moore@hq.doe.gov Phone Number: Office: (202) 586-6171, Mobile: Fax Number: (202) 586-6008 Biographical Summary: Ferrin Moore is a highly experience aviation manager and leader with 30 years of aviation experience in the private and government sector. Prior to joining the Office of Aviation Management Ferrin served 15 years with the Federal Aviation Administration as an Aviation Safety Inspector and Manager. While in the private sector, he worked for United Airlines Maintenance Division in San Francisco and Washington D.C.

27

DOE Federal Aviation Professional Awards  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Federal Aviation Program Awards Federal Aviation Program Awards NOMINATION FORM ENTRIES MUST BE MAILED OR FAXED NOT LATER THAN JULY 14, 2006. Please type your information and use a separate form for each entry. Please attach the "Nomination Criteria Questionnaire" and up to four pages of justification to each form. In the justification, please describe your program-number of aircraft, number of people, mission, flying hours, cost of program, etc. Send to: Michael Miles, GSA, 1800 F St., NW, Room G-219, Washington, DC, 20405, or FAX 202-501-0349. For a digital copy of the nomination forms, send an e-mail to michael.miles@gsa.gov. Name of Professional: ___MICHAEL W. L. ASHER_________________ (Must be a civilian Federal Employee; contractors and uniformed military members are not eligible.)

28

Design and evaluate finned tube bundles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Finned tube bundles are widely used in heat exchangers, air coolers, waste heat boilers and fired heaters where energy transfer occurs between clean flue gases and a fluid with a high heat-transfer coefficient. They have several advantages including compactness, low gas pressure drop and low weight for a given duty compared to bare tube bundles. Choosing a fin type, arrangement and fin configuration requires a thorough analysis and economic evaluation. The solution is not unique since it depends on material and labor costs. Surface areas vary widely in finned tube designs for the same duty and gas pressure drop. Therefore, decisions should not be based on surface area alone. Plant engineers and consultants should consider operating costs in their evaluation because they accrue year after year. Selecting a boiler based on initial costs alone is not prudent. The paper discusses heat transfer and gas pressure drop with finned tubes, determining fin efficiency and effectiveness,g as pressure drop, tube wall and fin top temperatures, an example calculation, the effect of fin configuration on design, the effect of inline versus staggered arrangements and solid versus serrated fins, and concerns with high fin-density designs.

Ganapathy, V. [ABCO Industries, Abilene, TX (United States)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Fatigue Fractures of General Aviation Aircraft Wings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... on general aviation airplanes is greatly affected by low-altitude flying, such as in pipeline patrol, commuter, and aerial survey and photography operations.

30

Development of an autoland system for general aviation aircraft  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accidents due to engine failure, pilot disorientation or pilot incapacitation occur far more frequently in general aviation than in commercial aviation, yet general aviation aircraft are equipped with less safety-enhancing ...

Siegel, Diana

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Ferrin Moore, Senior Aviation Policy Officer - Bio | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ferrin Moore, Senior Aviation Policy Officer - Bio Ferrin Moore, Senior Aviation Policy Officer - Bio FerrinMoorePersonalProfile.pdf More Documents & Publications...

32

Nevada Field Office recognized for its outstanding aviation program...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Williams, Director of Maintenance for WSI-SRS Aviation Operations Department at the Savannah River Site, is the recipient of the 2012 John Cooley Aviation OperationsSupport...

33

2012 2013 Projected Aviation Program Costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2012 ­ 2013 Projected Aviation Program Costs UND Aerospace offers two aviation degree programs with a total of seven academic majors. Each has its own flight course requirements, which affect the cost of a degree program. BACHELOR of BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION ** Flight Costs Airport Management Survey of Flight

Delene, David J.

34

2013-2014 Projected Aviation Program Costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

06/21/13 2013-2014 Projected Aviation Program Costs UND Aerospace offers two aviation degree the cost of a degree program. BACHELOR of BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION ** Flight Costs Airport Management Survey Certificate $ 11,574 **NOTE: Total flight costs are based on averages and are subject to change. Also, the ATC

Delene, David J.

35

Heat exchanger with transpired, highly porous fins  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The heat exchanger includes a fin and tube assembly with increased heat transfer surface area positioned within a hollow chamber of a housing to provide effective heat transfer between a gas flowing within the hollow chamber and a fluid flowing in the fin and tube assembly. A fan is included to force a gas, such as air, to flow through the hollow chamber and through the fin and tube assembly. The fin and tube assembly comprises fluid conduits to direct the fluid through the heat exchanger, to prevent mixing with the gas, and to provide a heat transfer surface or pathway between the fluid and the gas. A heat transfer element is provided in the fin and tube assembly to provide extended heat transfer surfaces for the fluid conduits. The heat transfer element is corrugated to form fins between alternating ridges and grooves that define flow channels for directing the gas flow. The fins are fabricated from a thin, heat conductive material containing numerous orifices or pores for transpiring the gas out of the flow channel. The grooves are closed or only partially open so that all or substantially all of the gas is transpired through the fins so that heat is exchanged on the front and back surfaces of the fins and also within the interior of the orifices, thereby significantly increasing the available the heat transfer surface of the heat exchanger. The transpired fins also increase heat transfer effectiveness of the heat exchanger by increasing the heat transfer coefficient by disrupting boundary layer development on the fins and by establishing other beneficial gas flow patterns, all at desirable pressure drops.

Kutscher, Charles F. (Golden, CO); Gawlik, Keith (Boulder, CO)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

AVIATION BOARD OF DIRECTORS BYLAWS AND PROTOCOLS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AVIATION BOARD OF DIRECTORS AVIATION BOARD OF DIRECTORS BYLAWS AND PROTOCOLS The Department of Energy strives to manage its Aviation Program toward the highest standards of safety, efficiency, fairness in contracting, preservation of competition in the private sector, open communication, prudent property management, and the best examples of resource management. Toward these ends, the Department has established a management structure led by a Board of Directors comprising active Federal employee aviation managers from the Department. AUTHORITY: The following authorities serve as basis for this structure and system: Office of Management and Budget Circular A-126, FMR 102.33, DEAR 109, DOE Order 440.2B, Aviation Management Review Team Report, March 1999, and Secretary of Energy Appointment and Delegation of Authority, April 15, 1999.

37

Aviation Management Professional Award Nomination for:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Professional Nomination for Professional Nomination for Managerial/Official Award: Joseph M. Ginanni Aviation Manager US Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration, Nevada Site Office Bio Joseph M. Ginanni Aviation Manager National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office Mr. Ginanni has worked for the Nevada Site Office (NSO) since 1991. For the past five years, he has served as the NSO Aviation Manager, managing and overseeing the Management and Operating contractor's aviation services department and their operation and maintenance of NSO's five aircraft (3 Beechcraft King Airs and 2 Bell 412s) which are stationed at both Nellis AFB, NV and Andrews AFB, MD. Prior to his position as Aviation Manager, he was the team leader for the Radioactive Waste

38

ished3 thus ae  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... A constant bias current is supplied through the ballast resistor (R1), and the signal is measured as a change in voltage across the thennal sensor. ...

2010-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

39

DOE Federal Aviation Program Awards  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program Awards Program Awards NOMINATION FORM ENTRIES MUST BE MAILED OR FAXED NOT LATER THAN May 19, 2006. Please type your information and use a separate form for each entry. Please attach the "Nomination Criteria Questionnaire" and up to four pages of justification to each form. In the justification, please describe your program-number of aircraft, number of people, mission, flying hours, cost of program, etc. Send to: David N. Lopez, Headquarters U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Aviation Management/MA-30, Room 4B-218, 1000 Independence Ave, NW, , Washington, DC, 20585, or FAX 202-586-6008. Please send digital copies of the nomination forms by e-mail to david.lopez@hq.doe.gov. Name of Program: ______________________________________________________

40

DOE Federal Aviation Professional Awards  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Professional Awards Professional Awards NOMINATION FORM ENTRIES MUST BE MAILED OR FAXED NOT LATER THAN May 19, 2006. Please type your information and use a separate form for each entry. Please attach the "Nomination Criteria Questionnaire" and up to four pages of justification to each form. In the justification, please include a brief biography of the nominee and a description of the nominee's duties. Send to: David N. Lopez, Headquarters U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Aviation Management/MA-30, Room 4B-218, 1000 Independence Ave, NW, , Washington, DC, 20585, or FAX 202-586-6008. Please send digital copies of the nomination forms by e-mail to david.lopez@hq.doe.gov. Name of Professional: ___________________________________________________

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fin ished aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Federal Aviation Administration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aviation Administration Aviation Administration Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Federal Aviation Administration Name Federal Aviation Administration Address 800 Independence Ave., SW Place Washington, District of Columbia Zip 20591 Year founded 1958 Website http://www.faa.gov/ Coordinates 38.8872756°, -77.0230138° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.8872756,"lon":-77.0230138,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

42

A case for biofuels in aviation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In the last 15 years, the technical and the economic feasibility of biomass based fuels for general aviation piston engines has been proven. Exhaustive ground and flight tests performed at the Renewable Aviation Fuels Development Center (RAFDC) using ethanol, ethanol/methanol blends, and ETBE have proven these fuels to be superior to aviation gasoline (avgas) in all aspects of performance except range. Two series of Lycoming engines have been certified. Record flights, including a transatlantic flight on pure ethanol, were made to demonstrate the reliability of the fuel. Aerobatic demonstrations with aircraft powered by ethanol, ethanol/methanol, and ETBE were flown at major airshows around the world. the use of bio-based fuels for aviation will benefit energy security, improve the balance of trade, domestic economy, and environmental quality. The United States has the resources to supply the aviation community`s needs with a domestically produced fuel using current available technology. The adoption of a renewable fuel in place of conventional petroleum-based fuels for aviation piston and turbine engines is long overdue.

NONE

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

43

Heat Transfer Correlation for Finned Casks  

SciTech Connect

Design of finned casks for dissipation of heat from radioactive decay usually requires reliance on generalized correlations in the literature which do not necessarily apply to the specific cask design. A correlation was developed, based on temperature profile measurements, for the design of upright cylindrical casks with vertical fins for convective and radiant heat transfer to ambient air. Temperature data at various heat loads were obtained for two different cask sizes of the same basic design. Each cask is mounted on a steel pallet and contained within a steel mesh cage. The smaller cask, which has 23 fins, has been approved (DOT-SP-6321) for shipment of up to 1400 W (th), and approval is being obtained (AEC AL USA/9503 BLF) for shipment of up to 3500 W heat load in the larger, 60-fin cask. The applicable theoretical equations were fit to the temperature data for both casks by simply adjusting the value used for the number of fins. The resulting correlation provides a reliable method for interpolation and extrapolation and for design of similar finned casks.

Griffin, J. F.

1974-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Heat transfer of finned tube bundles in crossflow  

SciTech Connect

This volume correlates findings on heat transfer and hydraulic drag of bundles of finned tubes in crossflow at Reynolds numbers from 10/sup 4/ to 10/sup 6/. These studies illustrate fin, local, and mean heat transfer coefficients; effects of geometric parameters of the fins; effect of tube location within the bundle on heat transfer and hydraulic drag; and resistance of finned tube bundles.

Stasiulevicius, J.; Skrinska, A.; Zukauskas, A.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Finite element analysis of laterally loaded fin piles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-dimensional analysis of laterally loaded fin piles is presented. The behaviour of fin piles is difficult to explain using simple pile-soil theories or two dimensional numerical analyses because of the complicated geometry of the piles. In this ... Keywords: 3D finite element models, Capacity of laterally loaded piles, Efficiency of fins, Fin piles, Mohr-Coulomb soil model, Monopiles

J. -R. Peng; M. Rouainia; B. G. Clarke

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Current and historical trends in general aviation in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

General aviation (GA) is an important component of aviation in the United States. In 2011, general aviation and air taxi operations represented 63% of all towered operations in the United States, while commercial aviation ...

Shetty, Kamala Irene

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

The U.S. aviation system to the year 2000  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction: 1.1 The Future of the Aviation System. It is nothing if not presumptuous to look ahead twenty years in any phase of human activity. This seems particularly true in civil aviation where the certificated airlines ...

Ausrotas, Raymond A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Feasibility Study of Radiometry for Airborne Detection of Aviation Hazards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiometric sensors for aviation hazards have the potential for widespread and inexpensive deployment on aircraft. This report contains discussions of three aviation hazards - icing, turbulence, and volcanic ash - as well as candidate radiometric detection ...

Gimmestad Gary G.; Papanicolopoulos Chris D.; Richards Mark A.; Sherman Donald L.; West Leanne L.

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

An assessment of the health implications of aviation emissions regulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An exploration of the health implications of aviation emissions regulations is made by assessing the results of a study of aviation's effects on United States air quality mandated by the Energy Policy Act of 2005. The ...

Sequeira, Christopher J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Future trends in local air quality impacts of aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The International Civil Aviation Organization is considering the use of cost-benefit analyses to estimate interdependencies between the industry costs and the major environmental impacts in policy-making for aviation. To ...

Rojo, Julien Joseph

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Alternative fuels : how can aviation cross the "Valley of Death"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aviation has used petroleum-derived fuels for over 100 years. With the rapidly rising price of oil and concerns about supply, the military and the commercial airlines are fostering the development of an alternative aviation ...

Harrison, William E. (William Elton)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Benefit-cost assessment of aviation environmental policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis aids in the development of a framework in which to conduct global benefit-cost assessments of aviation policies. Current policy analysis tools, such as the aviation environmental portfolio management tool (APMT), ...

Gilmore, Christopher K. (Christopher Kenneth)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

The air quality and health impacts of aviation in Asia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aviation in Asia is growing more rapidly than other regions around the world. Adverse health impacts of aviation are linked to an increase in the concentration of particulate matter smaller than 2.5 [mu]m in diameter ...

Lee, In Hwan, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Statistics and Possible Sources of Aviation Turbulence over South Korea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The characteristics of aviation turbulence over South Korea during the recent five years (2003–08, excluding 2005) are investigated using pilot reports (PIREPs) accumulated by the Korea Aviation Meteorological Agency (KAMA). Among the total of ...

Jung-Hoon Kim; Hye-Yeong Chun

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Thermoelectric generator with hinged assembly for fins  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cylindrical casing has a central shielded capsule of radioisotope fuel. A plurality of thermonuclear modules are axially arranged with their hot junctions resiliently pressed toward the shield and with their cold junctions adjacent a transition member having fins radiating heat to the environment. For each module, the assembly of transition member and fins is hinged to the casing for swinging to permit access to and removal of such module. A ceramic plate having gold layers on opposite faces prevents diffusion bonding of the hot junction to the shield.

Purdy, David L. (Indiana, PA); Shapiro, Zalman M. (Pittsburgh, PA); Hursen, Thomas F. (Pittsburgh, PA); Maurer, Gerould W. (Apollo, PA)

1976-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

56

Alabama Aviation Gasoline All Sales/Deliveries by Prime ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

View History: Monthly Annual : Download Data (XLS File) Alabama Aviation Gasoline All Sales/Deliveries by Prime Supplier ... Alabama Prices, ...

57

Impact of Personal Privacy Devices for WAAS Aviation Users  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impact of Personal Privacy Devices for WAAS Aviation Users Grace Xingxin Gao, Kazuma Gunning, Todd or monitored. Figure 1 lists some examples of PPDs currently for sale on Internet. They are low-cost jamming [3], potentially aviation users. Figure 1. PPDs for Sale on Internet Aviation users rely on Wide Area

Stanford University

58

Fouling of HVAC fin and tube heat exchangers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

air ? air ? part ? part FPI HVAC REFERENCES Anonymous, 1987,LBNL-47668 Fouling of HVAC Fin and Tube Heat ExchangersCIEE SPONSOR. FOULING OF HVAC FIN AND TUBE HEAT EXCHANGERS

Siegel, Jeffrey; Carey, Van P.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Design of swimming fins to treat Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis project involves developing a pair of swimming fins to strengthen the Vastus Medialis, or inner quadriceps muscle, to help patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome. Configurations of mock up fins, made from ...

Tsai, Helen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Fouling of HVAC fin and tube heat exchangers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Methods to Maintain Heat Exchanger Coil Cleanliness, ASHRAEof HVAC Fin and Tube Heat Exchangers Jeffrey Siegel and VanOF HVAC FIN AND TUBE HEAT EXCHANGERS Jeffrey Siegel 1,2 and

Siegel, Jeffrey; Carey, Van P.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fin ished aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Heat transfer in bundles of finned tubes in crossflow  

SciTech Connect

This book provides correlations of heat transfer and hydraulic data for bundles of finned tubes in crossflow at high Reynolds numbers. Results of studies of the effectiveness of the fin, local, and mean heat transfer coefficients are presented. The effect of geometric parameters of the fins and of the location of tubes in the bundle on heat transfer and hydraulic drag are described. The resistance of the finned tube bundles under study and other factors are examined.

Stasiulevicius, J.; Skrinska, A.; Zukauskas, A.; Hewitt, G.F.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Finned Tube With Vortex Generators For A Heat Exchanger.  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for and method of manufacturing a finned tube for a heat exchanger is disclosed herein. A continuous fin strip is provided with at least one pair of vortex generators. A tube is rotated and linearly displaced while the continuous fin strip with vortex generators is spirally wrapped around the tube.

Sohal, Monohar S. (Idaho Falls, ID); O' Brien, James E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2004-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

63

Finned Tube With Vortex Generators For A Heat Exchanger.  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for and method of manufacturing a finned tube for a heat exchanger is disclosed herein. A continuous fin strip is provided with at one pair of vortex generators. A tube is rotated and linearly displaced while the continuous fin strip with vortex generators is spirally wrapped around the tube.

Sohal, Manohar S. (Idaho Falls, ID); O' Brien, James E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

64

Scaling studies for an actively controlled curvature robotic pectoral fin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scaling studies for an actively controlled curvature robotic pectoral fin are presented in detail. Design, development, and analysis of the fin are conducted using a combination of computational fluid dynamics tools and experimental tests. Results include ... Keywords: UUV, active curvature control, bio-inspired, pectoral fin, station- keeping

Jason D. Geder; Ravi Ramamurti; John Palmisano; Marius Pruessner; Banahalli Ratna; William C. Sandberg

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation Potentials and Policies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation Potentials and Policies Agency/Company /Organization: Pew Center on Global Climate Change Sector: Climate, Energy Focus Area: Greenhouse Gas, Transportation Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Publications, Technical report Website: www.pewclimate.org/docUploads/aviation-and-marine-report-2009.pdf Cost: Free References: Greenhouse Gas emissions from aviation and marine transportation: mitigation potential and policies[1] "This paper provides an overview of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from aviation and marine transportation and the various mitigation options to

66

FAQS Job Task Analyses - DOE AVIATION MANAGER (AvM)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MANAGER (AvM) - JOB TASK ANALYSIS MANAGER (AvM) - JOB TASK ANALYSIS Job Analysis Worksheet for Tasks DOE AVIATION MANAGER Task Source Importance Frequency A Establishes goals for the field aviation program based on the anticipated requirements as applicable to DOE/NNSA, the field element, and other DOE/NNSA organizations that may require aviation services. DOE O 440.2C, chng 1 5 1 B Implements DOE/NNSA aviation management and safety policy and establishes the field element's standards for the aviation program that will ensure an effective, safe, secure and cost-efficient operation in accordance with this Order. DOE O 440.2C, chng 1 5 2 C Develops the organization's Aviation Implementation Documents (AID) and annually reviews the AID to ensure that it is current. DOE O 440.2C, chng 1 5 1

67

FAQS Qualification Card - Aviation Safety Officer | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Safety Officer Safety Officer FAQS Qualification Card - Aviation Safety Officer A key element for the Department's Technical Qualification Programs is a set of common Functional Area Qualification Standards (FAQS) and associated Job Task Analyses (JTA). These standards are developed for various functional areas of responsibility in the Department, including oversight of safety management programs identified as hazard controls in Documented Safety Analyses (DSA). For each functional area, the FAQS identify the minimum technical competencies and supporting knowledge and skills for a typical qualified individual working in the area. FAQC-AviationSafetyOfficer.docx Description Aviation Safety Officer Qualification Card More Documents & Publications FAQS Qualification Card - Aviation Manager

68

Contemporary aviation weather sensing technology to improve safety...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contemporary aviation weather sensing technology to improve safety and reduce delays and its possible application to air quality monitoring Speaker(s): James E. Evans Date:...

69

FAQS Qualification Card - Aviation Manager | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manager Manager FAQS Qualification Card - Aviation Manager A key element for the Department's Technical Qualification Programs is a set of common Functional Area Qualification Standards (FAQS) and associated Job Task Analyses (JTA). These standards are developed for various functional areas of responsibility in the Department, including oversight of safety management programs identified as hazard controls in Documented Safety Analyses (DSA). For each functional area, the FAQS identify the minimum technical competencies and supporting knowledge and skills for a typical qualified individual working in the area. FAQC-AviationManager.docx Description Aviation Manager Qualification Card More Documents & Publications FAQS Qualification Card - Aviation Safety Officer

70

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Bendix Aviation Corporation...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Corporation Kansas City Plant - MO 06 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Bendix Aviation Corporation Kansas City Plant (MO.06) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation...

71

Aviation Safety and Air Traffic Management Analysis - Center...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

support tools. Visualization and analysis of diverse data sources including flight track, weather, airport, aircraft, ATM elements and geographic data supports aviation safety...

72

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Marketing Annual 1998 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

73

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Marketing Annual 1999 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

74

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

See footnotes at end of table. 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State 386 Energy Information...

75

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area

76

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Marketing Annual 1995 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

77

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation Potential and Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Speed Redcutions on Vessel-Based Emissions for InternationalAviation-Related GHG Emissions: A Systems Analysis forthe Environment. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and

McCollum, David L; Gould, Gregory; Greene, David L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

FAQS Job Task Analyses - DOE AVIATION SAFETY OFFICER (ASO)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SAFETY OFFICER (ASO) - JOB TASK ANALYSIS SAFETY OFFICER (ASO) - JOB TASK ANALYSIS Job Analysis Worksheet for Task DOE AVIATION SAFETY OFFICER Task Source Importance Frequency A Gathers, trends, and analyzes aviation safety performance data to ensure the safety of the field aviation program. DOE O 440.2C, chng 1 4 3 B Conducts periodic assessments of aviation activities to ensure that requirements, policies, and procedures are implemented and followed and prepares reports documenting assessment findings, concerns, and recommendations and tracks corrective actions to help prevent similar occurrences. DOE O 440.2C, chng 1 4 3 C Participates as directed in aviation accident or incident investigations and provides assistance to accident investigation boards during their investigations.

79

Pool boiling on nano-finned surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of nano-structured surfaces on pool boiling heat transfer is explored in this study. Experiments are conducted in a cubical test chamber containing fluoroinert coolant (PF5060, Manufacturer: 3M Co.) as the working fluid. Pool boiling experiments are conducted for saturation and subcooled conditions. Three different types of ordered nano-structured surfaces are fabricated using Step and flash imprint lithography on silicon substrates followed by Reactive Ion Etching (RIE) or Deep Reactive Ion Etching (DRIE). These nano-structures consist of a square array of cylindrical nanofins with a longitudinal pitch of 1 mm, transverse pitch of 0.9 mm and fixed (uniform) heights ranging from 15 nm - 650 nm for each substrate. The contact angle of de-ionized water on the substrates is measured before and after the boiling experiments. The contact-angle is observed to increase with the height of the nano-fins. Contact angle variation is also observed before and after the pool boiling experiments. The pool boiling curves for the nano-structured silicon surfaces are compared with that of atomically smooth single-crystal silicon (bare) surfaces. Data processing is performed to estimate the heat flux through the projected area (plan area) for the nano-patterned zone as well as the heat flux through the total nano-patterned area, which includes the surface area of the fins. Maximum heat flux (MHF) is enhanced by ~120 % for the nanofin surfaces compared to bare (smooth) surfaces, under saturation condition. The pool boiling heat flux data for the three nano-structured surfaces progressively overlap with each other in the vicinity of the MHF condition. Based on the experimental data several micro/nano-scale transport mechanisms responsible for heat flux enhancements are identified, which include: "microlayer" disruption or enhancement, enhancement of active nucleation site density, enlargement of cold spots and enhancement of contact angle which affects the vapor bubble departure frequency.

Sriraman, Sharan Ram

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Pool boiling on nano-finned surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of nano-structured surfaces on pool boiling heat transfer is explored in this study. Experiments are conducted in a cubical test chamber containing fluoroinert coolant (PF5060, Manufacturer: 3M Co.) as the working fluid. Pool boiling experiments are conducted for saturation and subcooled conditions. Three different types of ordered nano-structured surfaces are fabricated using Step and flash imprint lithography on silicon substrates followed by Reactive Ion Etching (RIE) or Deep Reactive Ion Etching (DRIE). These nano-structures consist of a square array of cylindrical nanofins with a longitudinal pitch of 1 mm, transverse pitch of 0.9 mm and fixed (uniform) heights ranging from 15 nm – 650 nm for each substrate. The contact angle of de-ionized water on the substrates is measured before and after the boiling experiments. The contact-angle is observed to increase with the height of the nano-fins. Contact angle variation is also observed before and after the pool boiling experiments. The pool boiling curves for the nano-structured silicon surfaces are compared with that of atomically smooth single-crystal silicon (bare) surfaces. Data processing is performed to estimate the heat flux through the projected area (plan area) for the nano-patterned zone as well as the heat flux through the total nano-patterned area, which includes the surface area of the fins. Maximum heat flux (MHF) is enhanced by ~120 % for the nanofin surfaces compared to bare (smooth) surfaces, under saturation condition. The pool boiling heat flux data for the three nano-structured surfaces progressively overlap with each other in the vicinity of the MHF condition. Based on the experimental data several micro/nano-scale transport mechanisms responsible for heat flux enhancements are identified, which include: “microlayer” disruption or enhancement, enhancement of active nucleation site density, enlargement of cold spots and enhancement of contact angle which affects the vapor bubble departure frequency.

Sriraman, Sharan Ram

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fin ished aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

INDUSTRIAL SAFETY & HEALTH (ISH)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BASIS (SB) BASIS (SB) OBJECTIVE SB.1 Facility safety documentation is in place and has been implemented that describes the "safety envelope" of the facility. The safety documentation should characterize the hazards/risks associated with the facility and should identify preventive and mitigating measures (systems, procedures, administrative controls, etc.) that protect workers and the public form those hazards/risks. Safety structures, systems and components (SSCs) are defined and a system to maintain control over their designs and modification is established. (Core Requirement 7) Criteria 1. The TA-55 SST Facility safety basis and related documentation address the full spectrum of hazards/risks associated with operations. 2. Controls designed to mitigate the consequence of analyzed TA-55 SST Facility

82

INDUSTRIAL SAFETY & HEALTH (ISH)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AND QUALIFICATION (TQ) AND QUALIFICATION (TQ) OBJECTIVE TQ.1 SST Trailer facility has a training and qualifications program in place to facilitate the selection of trained and qualified personnel performing the SST Trailer facility activities and a sufficient number of qualified personnel are available to ensure operations in a safe and compliant manner. NMT-4 management and support staff have the level of knowledge required to operate SST Trailer facility activities and to ensure that any modifications are controlled and reviewed for potential impacts on training and qualification requirements. SST Trailer facility personnel have been trained on emergency response activities and requirements. (CORE REQUIREMENTS 3, 4, 6, and 11) Criteria 1. The training and qualification program is identified for the SST Trailer facility that

83

INDUSTRIAL SAFETY & HEALTH (ISH)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

RADIATION PROTECTION (RP) RADIATION PROTECTION (RP) OBJECTIVE RP.1 The TA-55 SST Facility has a radiation protection program in-place to ensure adequate radiation protection for the worker and the public. (Core Requirements 2, 8, 11) Criteria 1. Radiation exposure to workers and the public is minimized through implementation of the as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA) concept and radiological work permits (RWPs). 2. The generation and spread of radioactive contamination is minimized through radioactive contamination control, radioactive effluent control, and RWPs 3. A radiological control technician (RCT) will oversee operations that involve handling storage containers and provide radiation protection support, as required. 4. Radiation monitoring will be provided when appropriate. An RCT will determine

84

INDUSTRIAL SAFETY & HEALTH (ISH)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OBJECTIVE MG.1 Formal agreements between the operating contractor and NNSA have been established via the contract or other enforceable mechanism to govern the safe operation of the facility. A systematic review of the facility's conformance to these requirements has been performed. These requirements have been implemented in the facility. (Core Requirement 14) Criteria 1. The formal agreements (Authorization Agreement) between the operating contractor and the NNSA were reviewed and in place for the current facility operations. The agreement was revised to include the TA-55 Facility activities and has been approved by the Site Office. 2. Any issues or actions identified as not fully implemented are evaluated for impact on TA- 55 Facility operations, and compensatory measures are identified.

85

Measurements and Predictions of the Heat Transfer at the Tube-Fin Junction for Louvered Fin Heat Exchangers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the International Journal of Compact Heat Exchangers, May 2003 #12;2 Measurements and Predictions of the Heat Transfer at the Tube-Fin Junction for Louvered Fin Heat Exchangers Abstract The dominant thermal resistance for most compact heat exchangers occurs on the air side and thus a detailed understanding of air side heat

Thole, Karen A.

86

Aviation Safety Officer Functional Area Qualification Standard  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

64-2003 64-2003 September 2003 CHANGE NOTICE NO. 1 January 2010 DOE STANDARD AVIATION SAFETY OFFICER FUNCTIONAL AREA QUALIFICATION STANDARD DOE Defense Nuclear Facilities Technical Personnel U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DOE-STD-1164-2003 CH-1 ii This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ DOE-STD-1164-2003 CH-1 iv List of Changes Page/paragraph Change Page ii Change to new FAQS format Page iii Change in approval signature Page iv Added list of changes Page v Updated Table of Contents Page vii Changes to organizational names and

87

Aviation Manager Functional Area Qualification Standard  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE-STD-1165-2003 September 2003 CHANGE NOTICE NO. 1 December 2009 DOE STANDARD AVIATION MANAGER FUNCTIONAL AREA QUALIFICATION STANDARD DOE Defense Nuclear Facilities Technical Personnel U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DOE-STD-1165-2003 CH-1 ii This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ DOE-STD-1165-2003 CH-1 iv List of Changes Page/paragraph Change Page ii Change to new FAQS format Page iii Change in approval signature Page iv Added list of changes Page v Changes to Table of Contents Page vii Changes to organizational names and

88

Federal Aviation Administration retained savings program proposal  

SciTech Connect

Federal legislation allows federal agencies to retain up to 50% of the savings associated with implementing energy efficiency and water conservation measures and practices. Given budget pressures to reduce expenditures, the use of retained savings to fund additional projects represents a source of funds outside of the traditional budget cycle. The Southwest Region Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has tasked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to develop a model retained savings program for Southwest Region FAA use and as a prototype for consideration by the FAA. PNNL recommends the following steps be taken in developing a Southwest Region FAA retained savings program: Establish a retained savings mechanism. Determine the level at which the retained savings should be consolidated into a fund. The preliminary recommendation is to establish a revolving efficiency loan fund at the regional level. Such a mechanism allows some consolidation of savings to fund larger projects, while maintaining a sense of facility ownership in that the funds will remain within the region.

Hostick, D.J.; Larson, L.L. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Hostick, C.J. [IBP, Inc., Pasco, WA (United States)

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Wind Fins: Novel Lower-Cost Wind Power System  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project evaluated the technical feasibility of converting energy from the wind with a novel “wind fin” approach. This patent-pending technology has three major components: (1) a mast, (2) a vertical, hinged wind structure or fin, and (3) a power takeoff system. The wing structure responds to the wind with an oscillating motion, generating power. The overall project goal was to determine the basic technical feasibility of the wind fin technology. Specific objectives were the following: (1) to determine the wind energy-conversion performance of the wind fin and the degree to which its performance could be enhanced through basic design improvements; (2) to determine how best to design the wind fin system to survive extreme winds; (3) to determine the cost-effectiveness of the best wind fin designs compared to state-of-the-art wind turbines; and (4) to develop conclusions about the overall technical feasibility of the wind fin system. Project work involved extensive computer modeling, wind-tunnel testing with small models, and testing of bench-scale models in a wind tunnel and outdoors in the wind. This project determined that the wind fin approach is technically feasible and likely to be commercially viable. Project results suggest that this new technology has the potential to harvest wind energy at approximately half the system cost of wind turbines in the 10kW range. Overall, the project demonstrated that the wind fin technology has the potential to increase the economic viability of small wind-power generation. In addition, it has the potential to eliminate lethality to birds and bats, overcome public objections to the aesthetics of wind-power machines, and significantly expand wind-power’s contribution to the national energy supply.

David C. Morris; Dr. Will D. Swearingen

2007-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

90

Pacific Power - FinAnswer Express | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pacific Power - FinAnswer Express Pacific Power - FinAnswer Express Pacific Power - FinAnswer Express < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Other Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Appliances & Electronics Construction Design & Remodeling Manufacturing Heat Pumps Heating Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate Lighting: 70% of cost Incentive amount cannot reduce the project simple payback below one year Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting T-8 Lighting Fixtures: $0.25-$21 T-5 Lighting Fixtures: $0.25-$20 Cold Cathode: $5

91

Rocky Mountain Power - FinAnswer Express | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rocky Mountain Power - FinAnswer Express Rocky Mountain Power - FinAnswer Express Rocky Mountain Power - FinAnswer Express < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Industrial Savings Category Other Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info State Idaho Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount '''New Construction/Major Renovation Only''' Interior Lighting: $0.08/kwh annual energy savings LED Fixture (Exterior): $100 Induction Fixture (Exterior): $125 CFL Wallpack (Exterior): $30 Lighting Control (Exterior): $70 '''Retrofit Only''' Fluorescent Fixture Upgrades: $5-$20/fixture

92

Pacific Power - FinAnswer Express | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pacific Power - FinAnswer Express Pacific Power - FinAnswer Express Pacific Power - FinAnswer Express < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Other Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Appliances & Electronics Construction Design & Remodeling Manufacturing Heat Pumps Heating Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate General: 70% of energy efficiency project cost If incentive brings the simple payback below one year, the incentive is reduced so the simple payback equals one year. Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount T-8 Lighting Fixtures: $3-$7

93

General aviation Omega navigation in the national airspace system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction: Omega navigation has great potential as a navigation sensor for general aviation aircraft. Advantages of Omega navigation include signal availability at all altitudes, and no need for overflying of various ...

Wischmeyer, Carl Edward

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Flight test and evaluation of Omega navigation for general aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A seventy hour flight test program was accomplished to determine the suitability and accuracy of a low cost Omega navigation receiver in a general aviation aircraft. An analysis was made of signal availability in two widely ...

Hwoschinsky, Peter V.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Table 41. Refiner Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, No. 1 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene No. 1 Distillate Propane ... 51.4 75.5 6,451.9 3,309.5 W 476.2 ...

96

The Meteorological Development Laboratory’s Aviation Weather Prediction System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Meteorological Development Laboratory (MDL) has developed and implemented an aviation weather prediction system that runs each hour and produces forecast guidance for each hour into the future out to 25 h covering the major forecast period of ...

Judy E. Ghirardelli; Bob Glahn

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

A general equilibrium analysis of climate policy for aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regulation of aviation's contribution to the global problem of climate change is increasingly likely in the near term, but the method agreed upon by most economists-a multi-sectoral market-based approach such as a cap and ...

Gillespie, Christopher Whittlesey

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Issues and Uncertainties Affecting Metrics for Aviation Impacts on Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Metrics such as radiative forcing and global warming potential have proven to be useful tools in climate policy–related studies, including evaluation of the effects of aviation on climate, to relate different emissions to one another in order to ...

Don Wuebbles; Piers Forster; Helen Rogers; Redina Herman

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Comparative analysis of aviation safety information feedback systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the aviation system, there are several feedback systems to prevent an accident. First of all, the accident and serious incident reporting and investigation system is established by the Chicago Convention. In general, ...

Funahashi, Yoshifuru

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fin ished aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Rocky Mountain Power - Energy FinAnswer | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rocky Mountain Power - Energy FinAnswer Rocky Mountain Power - Energy FinAnswer Rocky Mountain Power - Energy FinAnswer < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Other Maximum Rebate Retrofit: 50% of eligible measure cost Lighting Energy Savings Limit: 50%-75% of savings Program Info State Utah Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount 0.12/kWh annual energy savings + 50/kW average monthly on-peak demand savings Provider Rocky Mountain Power Rocky Mountain Power's Energy FinAnswer program provides cash incentives to help its commercial and industrial customers improve the efficiency of their existing facilities and build new facilities that are significantly

102

Baylor University - Renewable Aviation Fuels Development Center | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Aviation Fuels Development Center Renewable Aviation Fuels Development Center Jump to: navigation, search Name Baylor University - Renewable Aviation Fuels Development Center Address One Bear Place #97413 Place Waco, Texas Zip 76798 Region Texas Area Coordinates 31.496762°, -97.305664° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":31.496762,"lon":-97.305664,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

103

Dynamics of Implementation of Mitigating Measures to Reduce CO2 Emissions from Commercial Aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasing demand for air transportation and growing environmental concerns motivate the need to implement measures to reduce CO2 emissions from aviation. Case studies of historical changes in the aviation industry have ...

Kar, Rahul

2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

104

Aviation environmental policy effects on national- and regional-scale air quality, noise, and climate impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The continued growth of the aviation industry poses a challenge to policy-makers and industry stakeholders as each decision represents a trade-off on efficiency, equity, and environmental impact. The Aviation environmental ...

Wolfe, Philip J. (Philip James)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

The air quality impact of aviation in future-year emissions scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rapid growth of aviation is critical to the world and US economy, and it faces several important challenges among which lie the environmental impacts of aviation on noise, climate and air quality. The first objective ...

Ashok, Akshay

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

A system theoretic safety analysis of U.S. Coast Guard aviation mishap involving CG-6505  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During a 22-month period, between 2008 and 2010, the U.S. Coast Guard experienced seven Class-A aviation mishaps resulting in the loss of 14 Coast Guard aviators and seven Coast Guard aircraft. This represents the highest ...

Hickey, Jon (Jon Patrick)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Dynamics of implementation of mitigating measures to reduce CO? emissions from commercial aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasing demand for air transportation and growing environmental concerns motivate the need to implement measures to reduce CO? emissions from aviation. Case studies of historical changes in the aviation industry have ...

Kar, Rahul, 1979-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Rocky Mountain Power - FinAnswer Express | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rocky Mountain Power - FinAnswer Express Rocky Mountain Power - FinAnswer Express Rocky Mountain Power - FinAnswer Express < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Industrial Multi-Family Residential Savings Category Other Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Insulation Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info State Utah Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Interior Lighting: $0.08/kWh annual savings Induction Fixture (Exterior): $125/unit LED Outdoor/Roadway Fixture (Exterior): $100/unit CFL Wall Pack (Exterior): $30/unit Lighting Controls: $75/sensor Wall Insulation: $0.07/sq. ft. Roof Insulation: $0.05/sq. ft.

109

Pacific Power - Energy FinAnswer | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pacific Power - Energy FinAnswer Pacific Power - Energy FinAnswer Pacific Power - Energy FinAnswer < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Local Government Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Other Maximum Rebate Retrofit: 50% of the eligible energy efficiency measure cost Lighting: 50% of savings If incentive brings the simple payback below one year, the incentive is reduced so the simple payback equals one year. Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount $0.12/kWh-$0.18/kWh annual energy savings + $50/kW average monthly on-peak demand savings

110

Rocky Mountain Power - FinAnswer Express | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rocky Mountain Power - FinAnswer Express Rocky Mountain Power - FinAnswer Express Rocky Mountain Power - FinAnswer Express < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Industrial Installer/Contractor Savings Category Other Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Manufacturing Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Design & Remodeling Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate Lighting Retrofit: 70% of project cost Program Info State Wyoming Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom: $0.10/annual kWh saved Interior Lighting: $0.08/kwh annual energy savings LED Fixture (Exterior): $100 Induction Fixture (Exterior): $125 Lighting Control (Exterior): $70 Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps: $50-$100/ton

111

Community response to noise from a general aviation airport  

SciTech Connect

The paper provides relationships between noise level and response variables through an analysis of social survey and physical data collected around a small general aviation airport. The responses investigated included annoyance, activity interference, health effects, and non-noise effects of general aviation traffic, such as fear of crashes, air pollution, aircraft lights, house vibration, and television interference. Results indicate a much higher response than that predicted by Schultz (1978), e.g., at 30 NEF, Schultz predicts approximately 15% highly annoyed, compared with 28% in this study.

Birnie, S.E.; Hall, F.L.; Taylor, S.M.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Integral finned heater and cooler for stirling engines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A piston and cylinder for a Stirling engine and the like having top and bottom meshing or nesting finned conical surfaces to provide large surface areas in close proximity to the working gas for good thermal (addition and subtraction of heat) exchange to the working gas and elimination of the usual heater and cooler dead volume. The piston fins at the hot end of the cylinder are perforated to permit the gas to pass into the piston interior and through a regenerator contained therein.

Corey, John A. (North Troy, NY)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

The Impact of Climate Policy on U.S. Aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We evaluate the impact of an economy-wide cap-and-trade policy on U.S. aviation taking the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 (H.R.2454) as a representative example. We use an economywide model to estimate the ...

Winchester, Niven

114

Certification of alternative aviation fuels and blend components  

SciTech Connect

Aviation turbine engine fuel specifications are governed by ASTM International, formerly known as the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) International, and the British Ministry of Defence (MOD). ASTM D1655 Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuels and MOD Defence Standard 91-91 are the guiding specifications for this fuel throughout most of the world. Both of these documents rely heavily on the vast amount of experience in production and use of turbine engine fuels from conventional sources, such as crude oil, natural gas condensates, heavy oil, shale oil, and oil sands. Turbine engine fuel derived from these resources and meeting the above specifications has properties that are generally considered acceptable for fuels to be used in turbine engines. Alternative and synthetic fuel components are approved for use to blend with conventional turbine engine fuels after considerable testing. ASTM has established a specification for fuels containing synthesized hydrocarbons under D7566, and the MOD has included additional requirements for fuels containing synthetic components under Annex D of DS91-91. New turbine engine fuel additives and blend components need to be evaluated using ASTM D4054, Standard Practice for Qualification and Approval of New Aviation Turbine Fuels and Fuel Additives. This paper discusses these specifications and testing requirements in light of recent literature claiming that some biomass-derived blend components, which have been used to blend in conventional aviation fuel, meet the requirements for aviation turbine fuels as specified by ASTM and the MOD. The 'Table 1' requirements listed in both D1655 and DS91-91 are predicated on the assumption that the feedstocks used to make fuels meeting these requirements are from approved sources. Recent papers have implied that commercial jet fuel can be blended with renewable components that are not hydrocarbons (such as fatty acid methyl esters). These are not allowed blend components for turbine engine fuels as discussed in this paper.

Wilson III, George R. (Southwest Research Institute, 6220 Culebra Road, San Antonio, Texas 78238 (United States)); Edwards, Tim; Corporan, Edwin (United States Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio 45433 (United States)); Freerks, Robert L. (Rentech, Incorporated, 1331 17th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202 (United States))

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

115

Investigation of heat transfer augmentation through use of internally finned and roughened tubes : final summary report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report summarizes a three-year program concerned with obtaining basic design information for tubes having a random roughness on the inside wall (RID) and tubing having continuous internal fins (Forge Fin). Test apparatus ...

Bergles A. E.

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Fabrication of Bulk-Si FinFET using CMOS compatible process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) compatible Bulk-Si FinFETs fabrication process has been proposed. Compared with conventional fabrication processes of SOI (Silicon On Insulator) and Bulk-Si FinFETs, this new approach is of low cost ... Keywords: Bulk, FinFET, Multi-gate

Huajie Zhou; Yi Song; Qiuxia Xu; Yongliang Li; Huaxiang Yin

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Aviation Enterprises Ltd see Marine Current Turbines Ltd | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Enterprises Ltd see Marine Current Turbines Ltd Enterprises Ltd see Marine Current Turbines Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Aviation Enterprises Ltd see Marine Current Turbines Ltd Sector Marine and Hydrokinetic Website http://http://www.escoot.co.uk Region United Kingdom LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This company is listed in the Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Database. This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Aviation_Enterprises_Ltd_see_Marine_Current_Turbines_Ltd&oldid=678251" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs MHK Companies What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us

118

Optimization of the Fin Heat Pipe for Ventilating and Air Conditioning with a Genetic Algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper illustrates that use of a heat pipe as a heat-reclaiming device can significantly influence the air-conditioning system. It analyzes the heat transfer model of the uniform annular fin heat pipe under the condition of air conditioning. It establishes functions of the fin structure parameters such as height,spacing and thickness of the fin when the volume of fin is the smallest under unit temperature difference and unit quantity of heat. It uses a genetic algorithm to optimize the model of the uniform annular fin heat pipe. The calculation result shows that the method of genetic algorithm is effective.

Qian, J.; Sun, D.; Li, G.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Impact of Ground-level Aviation Emissions on Air Quality in the Western United States.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The aviation industry has experienced sustained growth since its inception result- ing in an increase in air pollutant emissions. Exposure to particulate matter less than… (more)

Clark, Eric Edward

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

A Thermodynamics Based Model for Predicting Piston Engine Performance for Use in Aviation Vehicle Design .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Advances in piston engine technology, coupled with high costs of turbine engines have led many general aviation manufacturers to explore the use of piston engines… (more)

Highley, Justin L.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fin ished aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Table 46. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, No. 4 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly February 2012 144 Table 46. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, No. 4 Fuel Oil, Propane,

122

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Marketing Annual 1995 467 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

123

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Marketing Annual 1999 421 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

124

DOE O 440.2C Admin Chg 1, Aviation Management and Safety  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

To establish a policy framework that will ensure safety, efficiency and effectiveness of government or contractor aviation operations. Cancels DOE O 440.2B.

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

125

Heat transfer augmentation along the tube wall of a louvered fin heat exchanger using practical delta winglets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heat transfer augmentation along the tube wall of a louvered fin heat exchanger using practical surface of louvered fin heat exchangers. It is shown that delta winglets placed on louvered fins produce Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Compact heat exchanger; Vortex generator; Louvered fins 1

Thole, Karen A.

126

RESIDENTIAL AIR CONDITIONER FINNED-TUBE CONDENSER HEAT EXCHANGER OPTIMIZATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the upcoming ban on the production of R-22 in 2010, residential air-conditioning equipment will need to be redesigned with a more environmentally benign working fluid. R-410a is a strong candidate for replacing R-22. A model of an air-conditioning system with a focus on the finned-tube condenser design details using R-410a as the working fluid is developed. An optimization algorithm is implemented to find the optimal condenser design with various constraints for an efficiency figure of merit. The software developed is appropriate for engineering design use in the air-conditioning industry.

Susan W. Stewart; Kristinn A. Aspelund; Monifa F. Wright; Emma M. Sadler; Sam V. Shelton, Ph.D.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Automated safety and training avionics for general aviation aircraft  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The past decade has seen the U.S. general aviation community plagued by substantial cost increases while operating in an increasingly complex and crowded air traffic control structure. Unfortunately, there has been a corresponding rise in accident rates involving these aircraft. In an attempt to improve safety factors and training programs for this aviation sector, researchers at Texas A&M University are investigating "smart cockpit systems." This research program is titled Automated Safety and Training Avionics (ASTRA). ASTRA research is focused on integrating low-cost, yet sophisticated, computing technology into general aviation aircraft. The system architecture includes a Flight Mode Interpreter (FMI), which provides real-time identification of the aircraft operational maneuvering mode, through interpretation by fuzzy logic of aircraft state variables. This inference controls a Head-Up Display (HUD) to automatically present a unique display format appropriate to the operational situation. The FMI also drives a rule-based Pilot Advisor for generation of alarms and piloting advice. The pilot communicates with ASTRA through the Head-Down Display (HDD), which is configured similarly to the Multi-Function Displays found in many "glass cockpit" aircraft. This configuration permits the pilot to readily access, edit, and display a wide variety of information. The research reported in this thesis was to formally define the performance and test specifications for ASTRA and its various subsystems, as well as to design the system displays. Performance of these research tasks drew heavily on the author's experience as an Army experimental test pilot. Because the FMI is a unique development in modem aeronautics, definition of its functionality and integration with other system components could not rely on existing methodology and called for a imaginative approach. Likewise, design of the HUD and HDD display formats, as integrated with the FMI, was equally challenging. It is hoped that the research contributions of this thesis will form a firm foundation for the implementation and evaluation of the ASTRA system. It is felt that the success of the system will hinge on its functionality and perceived utility from the perspective of the general aviation pilot.

Trang, Jeffrey Alan

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Experimental study of the air side performance of louver and wave fin-and-tube coils  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present paper reports results from an investigation of the air side thermal performance of fin-and-tube coils with herringbone-wavy and convex-louver fins. The tube diameter of the tested coils was 12.7mm. Coils with different fin pitch and tube rows have been tested in order to determine their effect over the thermal performance. In addition, the performance of the convex-louver fins has been evaluated with respect to that of the wavy fins according to the Webb VG1 procedure. The collar diameter Reynolds number covered in the tests varied from 1000 to 6000, corresponding to face velocities of 1-6m/s. It has been found that the fin pitch affects lightly the heat transfer coefficient, its value being incremented of the order of 10% by reducing the fin pitch from 3.17mm to 1.81mm. Opposite trends have been found for the friction factor of wavy and louver fins regarding the effect of the fin pitch. The thermal performance is not affected by the number of tube rows in either of the fin configurations in coils for more than two rows. One and two row coils present non-negligible differences either with respect to the Colburn or friction factors. It has been found that area reductions in louver with respect to wavy fins can attain values of the order of 30% for Reynolds number of the order of 1000 and fin pitch of 3.17mm. (author)

Saiz Jabardo, J.M.; Salamanca, A. [Escuela Politecnica Superior, Universidad de la Coruna, Mendizabal s/n Esteiro, 15403 Ferrol, Coruna (Spain); Bastos Zoghbi Filho, J.R. [Departamento de Engenharia Mecanica, EESC, University of Sao Paulo, Av. Trabalhador Saocarlense 400 Centro, 13566-590 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil)

2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

129

Development of an income-based hedonic monetization model for the assessment of aviation-related noise impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aviation is an industry that has seen tremendous growth in the last several decades. With demand for aviation projected to rise at an annual rate of 5% over the next 20 to 25 years, it is important to consider technological, ...

He, Qinxian, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Aviation Applications for Satellite-Based Observations of Cloud Properties, Convection Initiation, In-Flight Icing, Turbulence, and Volcanic Ash  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advanced Satellite Aviation Weather Products (ASAP) was jointly initiated by the NASA Applied Sciences Program and the NASA Aviation Safety and Security Program in 2002. The initiative provides a valuable bridge for transitioning new and existing ...

John R. Mecikalski; Todd A. Berendes; Wayne F. Feltz; Kristopher M. Bedka; Sarah T. Bedka; John J. Murray; Anthony J. Wimmers; Pat Minnis; David B. Johnson; Julie Haggerty; Ben Bernstein; Michael Pavolonis; Earle Williams

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Film condensation of R-113 on in-line bundles of horizontal finned tubes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Film condensation of R-113 on in-line bundles of horizontal finned tubes with vertical vapor downflow was experimentally investigated. Two tubes with flat-sided annular fins and four tubes with three-dimensional fins were tested. The test sections were 3 {times} 15 tube bundles with and without two rows of inundation tubes at the top. Heat transfer measurements were carried out on a row-by-row basis. The heat transfer enhancement due to vapor shear was much less for a finned tube bundle than for a smooth tube bundle. The decrease in heat transfer due to condensate inundation was more marked for a three-dimensional fin tube than for a flat-sided fin tube. The predictions of the previous theoretical model for a bundle of flat-sided fin tubes agreed well with the measured data for low vapor velocity and a small to medium condensate inundation rate. Among the six tubes tested, the highest heat transfer performance was provided by the flat-sided fin tube with fin dimensions close to the theoretically determined optimum values.

Honda, H. (Kyushu Univ., Fukuoka (Japan)); Uchima, B.; Nozu, S.; Nakata, H.; Torigoe, E. (Okayama Univ. (Japan))

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Application of mechanistic models for flow distribution and heat transfer in finned tube bundles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The focus of this thesis was heat transfer and pressure drop in staggered tube bundles with solid and serrated fins. The first part of… (more)

Eikill, Astrid Oygarden

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Capacity Utilization Study for Aviation Security Cargo Inspection Queuing System  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we conduct performance evaluation study for an aviation security cargo inspection queuing system for material flow and accountability. The queuing model employed in our study is based on discrete-event simulation and processes various types of cargo simultaneously. Onsite measurements are collected in an airport facility to validate the queuing model. The overall performance of the aviation security cargo inspection system is computed, analyzed, and optimized for the different system dynamics. Various performance measures are considered such as system capacity, residual capacity, throughput, capacity utilization, subscribed capacity utilization, resources capacity utilization, subscribed resources capacity utilization, and number of cargo pieces (or pallets) in the different queues. These metrics are performance indicators of the system s ability to service current needs and response capacity to additional requests. We studied and analyzed different scenarios by changing various model parameters such as number of pieces per pallet, number of TSA inspectors and ATS personnel, number of forklifts, number of explosives trace detection (ETD) and explosives detection system (EDS) inspection machines, inspection modality distribution, alarm rate, and cargo closeout time. The increased physical understanding resulting from execution of the queuing model utilizing these vetted performance measures should reduce the overall cost and shipping delays associated with new inspection requirements.

Allgood, Glenn O [ORNL; Olama, Mohammed M [ORNL; Lake, Joe E [ORNL; Brumback, Daryl L [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Bendix Aviation Corp Pioneer Div - IA  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Bendix Aviation Corp Pioneer Div - Bendix Aviation Corp Pioneer Div - IA 05 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: BENDIX AVIATION CORP., PIONEER DIV. (IA.05 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Pioneer Division, Bendix Aviation Corporation Bendix Aviation Corporation Bendix Pioneer Division IA.05-1 IA.05-2 IA.05-3 Location: Davenport , Iowa IA.05-1 Evaluation Year: 1990 IA.05-2 IA.05-4 Site Operations: Conducted studies to investigate the feasibility of using sonic cleaning equipment to decontaminate uranium contaminated drums. IA.05-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote based on limited operations at the site IA.05-2 IA.05-4 IA.05-5 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium IA.05-1

135

Civil aviation and technogeopolitics: the struggle for control of world air routes, 1910-1939  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines the development of international civil aviation from 1910 to 1939 at four international conferences from 1910 to 1928. The impact of civil aviation technology on the geopolitical position of the United States, Britain, and Germany is the main focus at these conferences. In order to give the reader a full background on the relationship between technology and geopolitics, this thesis examines the development of the modern state in Chapter I. Chapter II explores three periods of civil aviation technology advancement, with Chapter IV evaluating the relationship between civil and military aviation. Chapters V through VIII investigate the four international civil aviation conferences. Chapter IX concludes by explaining the three principles surrounding my argument for technogeopolitics, with examples from the four conferences.

Butler, David Lawrence

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Report of the DOE-DOE Workshop on Fuel Cells in Aviation: Workshop Summary and Action Plan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

i of 43 i of 43 Page i DOD-DOE Workshop Summary and Action Plan: Fuel Cells in Aviation Table of Contents Executive Summary .............................................................................................................................................iii Drivers for Leaner, Cleaner Energy Use in Aviation .......................................................................... iv The Opportunity for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies in Aviation ............................................. v Potential Impacts ................................................................................................................................. vi Barriers and Challenges ...................................................................................................................... vii

137

Pacific Power - Energy FinAnswer | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Industrial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Retrofit: 60% of project cost Lighting: 50% of savings Incentives may not be available to reduce the project simple payback below one year Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount $0.15/kWh annual energy savings + $50/kW average monthly demand savings Provider Pacific Power Pacific Power's Energy FinAnswer program provides cash incentives to help its commercial and industrial customers improve their heating, cooling, refrigeration, compressed air, lighting, pumping or industrial processes.

138

Rocky Mountain Power - Energy FinAnswer | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

50% of eligible measure cost 50% of eligible measure cost Lighting Energy Savings Limit: 50%-75% of savings Payback Cap: 1 year; if incentive brings the simple payback below one year, the incenive is reduced so the simple payback equals one year Program Info State Idaho Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount $0.12/kWh annual energy savings + $50/kW average monthly on-peak demand savings Provider Rocky Mountain Power Rocky Mountain Power's Energy FinAnswer program provides incentives to help its customers improve the efficiency of existing facilities and build new facilities that are significantly more efficient than code. New construction and retrofit projects for all industrial facilities can participate as well as all new commercial projects and commercial retrofits in facilities larger than 20,000 square feet.

139

Rocky Mountain Power - Energy FinAnswer | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

70% project cost 70% project cost New Construction: 50% Lighting: 50%-75% of savings Program Info State Wyoming Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount $0.15/kWh annual energy savings + $50/kW average monthly demand savings Provider Rocky Mountain Power Rocky Mountain Power's Energy FinAnswer program provides incentives to help its customers improve the efficiency of existing facilities and build new facilities that are significantly more efficient than code. New construction and retrofit projects for all industrial facilities can participate as well as all new commercial projects and commercial retrofits in facilities larger than 20,000 square feet. Rocky Mountain Power will be involved from the beginning of the construction process. They will start by reviewing the facility plans and

140

Methods and criteria for safety analysis (FIN L2535)  

SciTech Connect

In response to the NRC request for a proposal dated October 20, 1992, Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC) submit this proposal to provide contractural assistance for FIN L2535, Methods and Criteria for Safety Analysis,'' as specified in the Statement of Work attached to the request for proposal. The Statement of Work involves development of safety analysis guidance for NRC licensees, arranging a workshop on this guidance, and revising NRC Regulatory Guide 3.52. This response to the request for proposal offers for consideration the following advantages of WSRC in performing this work: Experience, Qualification of Personnel and Resource Commitment, Technical and Organizational Approach, Mobilization Plan, Key Personnel and Resumes. In addition, attached are the following items required by the NRC: Schedule II, Savannah River Site - Job Cost Estimate, NRC Form 189, Project and Budget Proposal for NRC Work, page 1, NRC Form 189, Project and Budget Proposal for NRC Work, page 2, Project Description.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fin ished aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Methods and criteria for safety analysis (FIN L2535)  

SciTech Connect

In response to the NRC request for a proposal dated October 20, 1992, Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC) submit this proposal to provide contractural assistance for FIN L2535, ``Methods and Criteria for Safety Analysis,`` as specified in the Statement of Work attached to the request for proposal. The Statement of Work involves development of safety analysis guidance for NRC licensees, arranging a workshop on this guidance, and revising NRC Regulatory Guide 3.52. This response to the request for proposal offers for consideration the following advantages of WSRC in performing this work: Experience, Qualification of Personnel and Resource Commitment, Technical and Organizational Approach, Mobilization Plan, Key Personnel and Resumes. In addition, attached are the following items required by the NRC: Schedule II, Savannah River Site - Job Cost Estimate, NRC Form 189, Project and Budget Proposal for NRC Work, page 1, NRC Form 189, Project and Budget Proposal for NRC Work, page 2, Project Description.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Glossary API Gravity: An  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 60 60 131 5 . . The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials. Aviation Gasoline (Finished): A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifi- cations are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on fin- ished aviation gasoline. Barrel: A volumetric unit of measure for crude oil and petroleum products equivalent to 42 U.S. gallons. Bulk Sales: Wholesale sales of gasoline in individual

143

untitled  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

measur- measur- ing scale is calibrated in terms of degrees API; it may be calculated in terms of the following formula: Deg API sp gr degF degF = - 1415 60 60 1315 . . The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials. Aviation Gasoline (Finished): A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifi- cations are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on fin- ished aviation gasoline. Barrel: A volumetric

144

Glossary API Gravity: An  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

60 60 1315 . . The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials. Aviation Gasoline (Finished): A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifi- cations are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on fin- ished aviation gasoline. Barrel: A volumetric unit of measure for crude oil and petroleum products equivalent to 42 U.S. gallons. Bulk Sales: Wholesale sales of gasoline in individual

145

[Research and workshop on alternative fuels for aviation. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Renewable Aviation Fuels Development Center (RAFDC) at Baylor University was granted U. S. Department of Energy (US DOE) and Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) funds for research and development to improve the efficiency in ethanol powered aircraft, measure performance and compare emissions of ethanol, Ethyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (ETBE) and 100 LL aviation gasoline. The premise of the initial proposal was to use a test stand owned by Engine Components Inc. (ECI) based in San Antonio, Texas. After the grant was awarded, ECI decided to close down its test stand facility. Since there were no other test stands available at that time, RAFDC was forced to find additional support to build its own test stand. Baylor University provided initial funds for the test stand building. Other obstacles had to be overcome in order to initiate the program. The price of the emission testing equipment had increased substantially beyond the initial quote. Rosemount Analytical Inc. gave RAFDC an estimate of $120,000.00 for a basic emission testing package. RAFDC had to find additional funding to purchase this equipment. The electronic ignition unit also presented a series of time consuming problems. Since at that time there were no off-the-shelf units of this type available, one had to be specially ordered and developed. FAA funds were used to purchase a Super Flow dynamometer. Due to the many unforeseen obstacles, much more time and effort than originally anticipated had to be dedicated to the project, with much of the work done on a volunteer basis. Many people contributed their time to the program. One person, mainly responsible for the initial design of the test stand, was a retired engineer from Allison with extensive aircraft engine test stand experience. Also, many Baylor students volunteered to assemble the. test stand and continue to be involved in the current test program. Although the program presented many challenges, which resulted in delays, the RAFDC's test stand is an asset which provides an ongoing research capability dedicated to the testing of alternative fuels for aircraft engines. The test stand is now entirely functional with the exception of the electronic ignition unit which still needs adjustments.

NONE

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Effects of winglets to augment tube wall heat transfer in louvered fin heat exchangers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of winglets to augment tube wall heat transfer in louvered fin heat exchangers Paul A Abstract The louvered fin heat exchanger, a type of compact heat exchanger, has been used heavily transfer along the tube wall of the compact heat exchanger through the use of winglets placed

Thole, Karen A.

147

Visualization of Transient Natural Convection Heat Transfer from a Vertical Rectangular Fin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments on thermal visualization of transient natural convection from short vertical rectangular fins were conducted using the technique of laser holographic interferometry. A sequence of infinite-fringe interferograms recorded for the heating regime ... Keywords: interferograms, laser holographic interferometry, thermal visualization, transient natural convection, vertical rectangular fins

K. C. Leong; T. C. Kooi

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Collector efficiency of the double-pass solar air collectors with fins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The experimental study on a forced-convective double-pass solar air collector with fins in the second channel has been conducted. The experiments were conducted by changing the parameters that influence the thermal efficiency of the collector. The efficiency ... Keywords: collector efficiency, double-pass solar air collector, fins absorbers

A. Fudholi; M. H. Ruslan; M. Y. Othman; M. Yahya; Supranto Supranto; A. Zaharim; K. Sopian

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Fin-efficiency calculation for condensation in the presence of noncondensable gases  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Plate-fin heat exchangers are being considered for many condenser applications. They are commonly used for the gas-separation process because they can provide a high thermal performance to obtain a low mean-temperature difference, essential for the gas-separation process. Plate-fin heat exchangers are also considered for the heat-pump system using nonazeotropic refrigerant mixtures. The brazed plate-fin condenser was considered to be a leading candidate for the Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) system, where high-performance heat exchangers are essential for maintaining a low mean-temperature difference. Calculation of the fin efficiency is difficult for condensation in the presence of noncondensable gases due to the spatial variation of the interfacial temperature. An analysis was carried out to develop a simplified method to calculate the fin efficiency for condensation of a vapor in the presence of noncondensable gases. The analysis includes the variation in the interfacial temperature along the fin surface. Appropriate assumptions are made to simplify the coupled heat-conduction equation in the fin and the heat/mass fluxes at the interface. The resulting expression for the fin efficiency includes mass-flux parameters, and it is similar to the common expression used for single-phase flow.

Panchal, C.B.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Fin-efficiency calculation for condensation in the presence of noncondensable gases  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Plate-fin heat exchangers are being considered for many condenser applications. They are commonly used for the gas-separation process because they can provide a high thermal performance to obtain a low mean-temperature difference, essential for the gas-separation process. Plate-fin heat exchangers are also considered for the heat-pump system using nonazeotropic refrigerant mixtures. The brazed plate-fin condenser was considered to be a leading candidate for the Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) system, where high-performance heat exchangers are essential for maintaining a low mean-temperature difference. Calculation of the fin efficiency is difficult for condensation in the presence of noncondensable gases due to the spatial variation of the interfacial temperature. An analysis was carried out to develop a simplified method to calculate the fin efficiency for condensation of a vapor in the presence of noncondensable gases. The analysis includes the variation in the interfacial temperature along the fin surface. Appropriate assumptions are made to simplify the coupled heat-conduction equation in the fin and the heat/mass fluxes at the interface. The resulting expression for the fin efficiency includes mass-flux parameters, and it is similar to the common expression used for single-phase flow.

Panchal, C.B.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Investigation of Interior Airflow Visualization of U-type Fin-and-Tube Heat Exchanger  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interior airflow visualization of a U-type fin-and-tube heat exchanger was investigated numerically and experimentally. Numerical results presented detail information of whole airflow field. Smoke test using dry ice showed visualization of airflow, ... Keywords: Fin-and-tube heat exchanger, interior airflow, CFD, visualization, smoke test

Shihua Lu; Weihua Liu; Hu Huang; Qihe Li

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Glen F. Wattman Director, Office of Aviation Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Glen F. Wattman Glen F. Wattman Director, Office of Aviation Management A native of New York, Glen Wattman has served as a civilian Airline Pilot for more than thirteen years flying Boeing 757, 767 and 727 transport category aircraft. He has extensive experience operating flights domestically and throughout Central and South America and Europe. Mr. Wattman is currently a Major in the United States Air Force Reserve and serves as a subject matter expert as a liaison to the Florida Wing of the Civil Air Patrol. Mr. Wattman has expertise in all aspects of the CAP mission to include Disaster Relief, Search and Rescue, Civil Defense, Homeland Security, Drug Interdiction, and Aerospace Education. Prior to becoming an Airline Pilot, Mr. Wattman served as an Air Force Officer, Detachment Commander, Fighter Pilot, and

153

Life-cycle analysis of alternative aviation fuels in GREET  

SciTech Connect

The Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model, developed at Argonne National Laboratory, has been expanded to include well-to-wake (WTWa) analysis of aviation fuels and aircraft. This report documents the key WTWa stages and assumptions for fuels that represent alternatives to petroleum jet fuel. The aviation module in GREET consists of three spreadsheets that present detailed characterizations of well-to-pump and pump-to-wake parameters and WTWa results. By using the expanded GREET version (GREET1{_}2011), we estimate WTWa results for energy use (total, fossil, and petroleum energy) and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide) for (1) each unit of energy (lower heating value) consumed by the aircraft or (2) each unit of distance traveled/ payload carried by the aircraft. The fuel pathways considered in this analysis include petroleum-based jet fuel from conventional and unconventional sources (i.e., oil sands); Fisher-Tropsch (FT) jet fuel from natural gas, coal, and biomass; bio-jet fuel from fast pyrolysis of cellulosic biomass; and bio-jet fuel from vegetable and algal oils, which falls under the American Society for Testing and Materials category of hydroprocessed esters and fatty acids. For aircraft operation, we considered six passenger aircraft classes and four freight aircraft classes in this analysis. Our analysis revealed that, depending on the feedstock source, the fuel conversion technology, and the allocation or displacement credit methodology applied to co-products, alternative bio-jet fuel pathways have the potential to reduce life-cycle GHG emissions by 55-85 percent compared with conventional (petroleum-based) jet fuel. Although producing FT jet fuel from fossil feedstock sources - such as natural gas and coal - could greatly reduce dependence on crude oil, production from such sources (especially coal) produces greater WTWa GHG emissions compared with petroleum jet fuel production unless carbon management practices, such as carbon capture and storage, are used.

Elgowainy, A.; Han, J.; Wang, M.; Carter, N.; Stratton, R.; Hileman, J.; Malwitz, A.; Balasubramanian, S. (Energy Systems)

2012-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

154

,"U.S. Aviation Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aviation Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes" Aviation Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Aviation Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes",2,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refoth_c_nus_eppv_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refoth_c_nus_eppv_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

155

,"Aviation Gasoline Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aviation Gasoline Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes" Aviation Gasoline Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Aviation Gasoline Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes",60,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refoth_a_eppv_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refoth_a_eppv_vtr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration"

156

Development of a genetic method for the identification of salmon, trout, and bream in seafood products by means of PCR–RFLP and FINS methodologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lophius spp) by means of PCR-RFLP and FINS methodologies. Jsamples by means of the PCR–RFLP and FINS methods hereinseafood products by means of PCR–RFLP and FINS methodologies

Espiñeira, Montserrat; Vieites, Juan M.; Santaclara, Francisco Javier

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Unique method for liquid nitrogen precooling of a plate fin heat exchanger in a helium refrigeration cycle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unique method for liquid nitrogen precooling of a plate fin heat exchanger in a helium refrigeration cycle

Weber, T B; Howell, G; Racine, M; Weisend, J G

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Simulation model finned water-air-coil withoutcondensation  

SciTech Connect

A simple simulation model of a finned water-to- air coil without condensation is presented. The model belongs to a collection of simulation models that allows eficient computer simulation of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems. The main emphasis of the models is short computation time and use of input data that are known in the design process of an HVAC system. The target of the models is to describe the behavior of HVAC components in the part load operation mode, which is becoming increasingly important for energy efficient HVAC systems. The models are intended to be used for yearly energy calculation or load calculation with time steps of about 10 minutes or larger. Short-time dynamic effects, which are of interest for different aspects of control performance, are neglected. The part load behavior of the coil is expressed in terms of the nominal condition and the dimensionless variation of the heat transfer with change of mass flow and temperature on the water side and the air side. The effectiveness- NTU relations are used to parametrize the convective heat transfer at nominal conditions and to compute the part load conditions. Geometrical data for the coil are not required, The calculation of the convective heat transfer coefficients at nominal conditions is based on the ratio of the air side heat transfer coefficients multiplied by the fin eficiency and divided by the water side heat transfer coefficient. In this approach, the only geometrical information required are the cross section areas, which are needed to calculate the~uid velocities. The formulas for estimating this ratio are presented. For simplicity the model ignores condensation. The model is static and uses only explicit equations. The explicit formulation ensures short computation time and numerical stability. This allows using the model with sophisticated engineering methods such as automatic system optimization. The paper fully outlines the algorithm description and its simplifications. It is not tailored for a particular simulation program to ensure easy implementation in any simulation program.

Wetter, Michael

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Heat transfer enhancement in annular channels with helical and longitudinal fins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heat exchange in an annulus with and without fins was investigated. Two helical fin arrangements and a comparable area, multi flight, longitudinal fin design were compared to the plain annulus without fins. All experiments were done in the same shell, hence the same volume space, derived from a commercial heat reclaimer unit. Film heat transfer coefficients (h) for the annular flow ere calculated from experimental data. The results show that enhancement in annular heat transfer coefficient for both helical arrangements (conducting and nonconducting fin) was 40--50%, thus the film coefficient was essentially the same on both fin and curved surfaces. The film coefficients were also the same for the longitudinal fins and the plain annulus cases, but the enhancement was 260%, much higher than expected. The authors believe the reasons for this are the short L/D of the annulus coupled with a predominant entrance/exit ``cross-flow`` effect; thus, short annular exchangers of this type may give very high enhancements as a general rule.

Joye, D.D.; Cote, A.S. [Villanova Univ., PA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Table 36. Refiner Prices of Aviation Fuels and Kerosene by PAD ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to ... 102.5 96.1 51.9 53.7 72.9 54.7 Florida

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fin ished aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Assessing environmental benefits and economic costs of aviation environmental policy measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite the recent global economic downturn, longer term growth is anticipated for aviation with an increasing environmental impact, specifically in the areas of noise, air quality, and climate change. To ensure sustainable ...

Mahashabde, Anuja (Anuja Anil)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- North American Aviation Inc - CA 07  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

North American Aviation Inc - CA 07 North American Aviation Inc - CA 07 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: NORTH AMERICAN AVIATION, INC. (CA.07) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: None Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Downey , California CA.07-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 CA.07-1 Site Operations: Research and development on a bench scale using a small reactor; work done during the early 1950s. CA.07-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination remote based on limited scope of operations CA.07-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium CA.07-3 Radiological Survey(s): No Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Also see Documents Related to NORTH AMERICAN AVIATION, INC. CA.07-1 - Memorandum/Checklist; Young to the File; Subject:

163

Evaluation of primary flight display enhancements for improving general aviation safety  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The information architecture of general aviation cockpits is shifting from one of independent mechanical instruments to one of digital sensors, common databuses, and liquid crystal displays. This integrated architecture ...

Craig, Daniel R

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

The impacts of aviation emissions on human health through changes in air quality and UV irradiance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

World-wide demand for air transportation is rising steadily. The air transportation network may be limited by aviation's growing environmental impacts. These impacts take the form of climate impacts, noise impacts, and ...

Brunelle-Yeung, Elza

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Assessment of the Aviation Weather Center Global Forecasts of Mesoscale Convective Systems*  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the precision of location and top height of mesoscale convective systems, as forecast by the Aviation Weather Center (AWC). The examination was motivated by the Mediterranean Israeli Dust Experiment (MEIDEX) on the space ...

Baruch Ziv; Yoav Yair; Karin Presman; Martin Füllekrug

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Fly and Be Damned: What Now for Aviation and Climate Change?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fly and Be Damned gets underneath the well-known facts about the unsustainable nature of the aviation industry and argues for fundamental change to our traveling habits. The first book to transcend the emotional debate between the entrenched positions ...

Peter McManners

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

The Quantitative Use of PIREPs in Developing Aviation Weather Guidance Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An evaluation of the utility of pilot reports (PIREPs) of weather for aviation forecasting product development is presented. Although PIREPs were never intended for quantitative use, this limitation has not prevented developers of improved ...

Barry Schwartz

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Human factors studies of an ADS-B based traffic alerting system for general aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Several recent high profile mid-air collisions highlight the fact that mid-air collisions are a concern for general aviation. Current traffic alerting systems have limited usability in the airport environment where a ...

Silva, Sathya Samurdhi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Symbiotic strategies in enterprise ecology : modeling commercial aviation as an Enterprise of Enterprises  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the effectiveness of strategic alternatives that are designed to dampen the cyclicality manifest in the commercial aviation (CA)-related industries. In this research we introduce the conceptual framework of ...

Sgouridis, Sgouris P

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Developing quantum dot phosphor-based light-emitting diodes for aviation lighting applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have investigated the feasibility of employing quantum dot (QD) phosphor-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) in aviation applications that request Night Vision Imaging Systems (NVIS) compliance. Our studies suggest that the emerging QD phosphorbased ...

Fengbing Wu; Dawei Zhang; Shuzhen Shang; Yiming Zhu; Songlin Zhuang; Jian Xu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation Potential and Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the Environment. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from AviationD17): 4560. EPA (2006). Greenhouse Gas Emissions from theInventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990-

McCollum, David L; Gould, Gregory; Greene, David L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- W 73.5 See footnotes at end of table. A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present Energy Information Administration ...

173

Gas Turbine Condition Monitoring and Predictive Maintenance Capability Analysis Between Aviation and Power Generation Industries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study compares and contrasts aviation and power generation condition monitoring and fault diagnosis. The report provides an overview of the technology, process, sensor suite and decision-making processes for both industries. The study highlights the level of decision automation and the structure to automatically initiate a maintenance process in aviation as one of the key differences between the two industries. This automation has important potential cost and operational benefits for the power gener...

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

174

NALDA (Naval Aviation Logistics Data Analysis) CAI (computer aided instruction)  

SciTech Connect

Data Systems Engineering Organization (DSEO) personnel developed a prototype computer aided instruction CAI system for the Naval Aviation Logistics Data Analysis (NALDA) system. The objective of this project was to provide a CAI prototype that could be used as an enhancement to existing NALDA training. The CAI prototype project was performed in phases. The task undertaken in Phase I was to analyze the problem and the alternative solutions and to develop a set of recommendations on how best to proceed. The findings from Phase I are documented in Recommended CAI Approach for the NALDA System (Duncan et al., 1987). In Phase II, a structured design and specifications were developed, and a prototype CAI system was created. A report, NALDA CAI Prototype: Phase II Final Report, was written to record the findings and results of Phase II. NALDA CAI: Recommendations for an Advanced Instructional Model, is comprised of related papers encompassing research on computer aided instruction CAI, newly developing training technologies, instructional systems development, and an Advanced Instructional Model. These topics were selected because of their relevancy to the CAI needs of NALDA. These papers provide general background information on various aspects of CAI and give a broad overview of new technologies and their impact on the future design and development of training programs. The paper within have been index separately elsewhere.

Handler, B.H. (Oak Ridge K-25 Site, TN (USA)); France, P.A.; Frey, S.C.; Gaubas, N.F.; Hyland, K.J.; Lindsey, A.M.; Manley, D.O. (Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Inc., TN (USA)); Hunnum, W.H. (North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill, NC (USA)); Smith, D.L. (Memphis State Univ., TN (USA))

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Radiative component and combined heat transfer in the thermal calculation of finned tube banks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For more exact calculation of combined heat transfer in the case of finned tube banks (e.g., in the convective section of a furnace), the radiative heat transfer cannot be neglected. A new method for relatively simple calculation of total heat flux (convection + radiation + conduction in fins) is fully compatible with that for bare tube banks/bundles developed earlier. It is based on the method of radiative coefficients. However, the resulting value of heat flux must be corrected due to fin thickness and especially due to the fin radiative influence. For this purpose the so-called multiplicator of heat flux was introduced. The applicability of this methods has been demonstrated on a tubular fired heater convective section. A developed computer program based on the method has also been used for an analysis of the influence of selected parameters to show the share of radiation on the total heat flux.

Stehlik, P. [Technical Univ. of Brno (Czech Republic). Dept. of Process Engineering] [Technical Univ. of Brno (Czech Republic). Dept. of Process Engineering

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Design of a biomimetic pectoral fin joint in an artificial fish  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A biomimetic design of the muscle joint in a pectoral fish fin was produced based on comparisons with four design models. All four design models consisted of a mechanical joint connection and incorporated the functional ...

Peña, Vanessa, 1982-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Investigation of plasma-doped fin structure and characterization of dopants by atom probe tomography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As and P dopants in a plasma-doped Si-based fin structure were analyzed using atom probe tomography. The distributions and concentrations of As and P atoms in various regions of the fin structure and the oxidation levels for different dopants were determined. Most dopants were segregated at the fin boundary, and the As and P concentrations exceeded 9 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 20} atoms/cm{sup 3} and 2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 20} atoms/cm{sup 3}, respectively. The atomic oxygen and SiO{sub 2} concentrations depended on the dopant type. The larger and heavier As dopant severely damaged the surface of the fin structure and could cause more severe oxidation.

Kim, B. H.; Park, S. M. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, POSTECH, Pohang (Korea, Republic of); Park, S. W.; Park, Y. B.; Kim, H. J. [Research and Development Division, SK Hynix, 2091, Gyeongchung-daero, Bubal-eub, Ichon-si, Gyeonggi-do (Korea, Republic of); Park, C. G. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, POSTECH, Pohang (Korea, Republic of); National Center for Nanomaterials Technology (NCNT), Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

178

Towards greener aviation : a comparative study on the substitution of standard jet fuel with algal based second generation biofuels.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The negative environmental impact of the aviation industry, related mainly to the gaseous emissions from turbine exhausts, is increasing with the increased demand on travel.… (more)

Haddad, Mona Abdul Majid

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

A Comparative Verification of Localized Aviation Model Output Statistics Program (LAMP) and Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) Model Forecasts of Ceiling Height and Visibility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In an effort to support aviation forecasting, the National Weather Service’s Meteorological Development Laboratory (MDL) has recently redeveloped the Localized Aviation Model Output Statistics (MOS) Program (LAMP) system. LAMP is designed to run ...

David E. Rudack; Judy E. Ghirardelli

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

"The Time Machine" and "Heart of Darkness"| H. G. Wells, Joseph Conrad, and the fin de siecle.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Much work has been done on the relationship between fin de siècle authors H.G. Wells, Joseph Conrad, Henry James, Stephen Crane, and Ford… (more)

Vinson, Haili Ann

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fin ished aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Plate Fin Heat Exchanger Model with Axial Conduction and Variable Properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Future superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities, as part of Project X at Fermilab, will be cooled to superfluid helium temperatures by a cryogenic distribution system supplying cold supercritical helium. To reduce vapor fraction during the final Joule-Thomson (J-T) expansion into the superfluid helium cooling bath, counter-flow, plate-fin heat exchangers will be utilized. Due to their compact size and ease of fabrication, plate-fin heat exchangers are an effective option. However, the design of compact and high-effectiveness cryogenic heat exchangers operating at liquid helium temperatures requires consideration of axial heat conduction along the direction of flow, in addition to variable fluid properties. Here we present a numerical model that includes the effects of axial conduction and variable properties for a plate fin heat exchanger. The model is used to guide design decisions on heat exchanger material choice and geometry. In addition, the J-T expansion process is modeled with the heat exchanger ...

Hansen, B J; Klebaner, A; 10.1063/1.4706971

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

30th Annual Texas Aviation Conference: Application & Contract for Exhibit Space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

30th Annual Texas Aviation Conference: Application & Contract for Exhibit Space Please email are using Adobe Reader you will not be able to save this form. Event Management & Planning Texas Transportation Institute Texas A&M University System 3135 TAMU College Station, TX 77843-3135 March 28 ­ March 30

183

Mesoscale Weather and Aviation Safety: The Case of Denver International Airport  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The new Denver International Airport will be the first new major commercial airport to be built in the United States in 20 years. Concern has been expressed about the meteorology at the new airport site and its potential impact on aviation ...

Steven L. Rhodes

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Flying by the seat of their pants: what can high frequency trading learn from aviation?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As we build increasingly large scale systems (and systems of systems), the level of complexity is also rising. We still expect people to intervene when things go wrong, however, and to diagnose and fix the problems. Aviation has a history of developing ... Keywords: flash crash, high frequency trading, human-in-the-loop, ironies of automation, socio-technical systems

Gordon Baxter, John Cartlidge

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Challenges for agile development of large systems in the aviation industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current challenges of the aviation industry call for the development of new and revolutionary aircraft concepts. In general, the task of developing new aircraft is risky and an extremely complex task, and aircraft manufacturers seek to control this ... Keywords: agile development, certification, change notification, development risk, generative design, open tool platform, situation awareness

Martin Glas; Sven Ziemer

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Biofuels for Aviation: More Future Land Grabbing and Deforestation for Agrofuels to Justify Today’s Airport Expansion?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuels and ‘efficiency gains ’ are the aviation industry’s two “green ” promises, used to justify never-ending aviation expansion in the face of growing public awareness and concern over climate change. Biofuels play an integral role in the aviation industry’s lobbying strategy, even though biofuels are not yet permitted for use in aviation fuel. However, aviation biofuels are not just a lobbying gimmick. Oil and biotech companies, airlines and aircraft manufacturers, government agencies (particularly in the US) and venture capitalists are investing large sums into research and development of biofuels for aircraft. Recent test flights have shown that biofuel use in aviation is technically possible. Two types of aviation biofuels are in the process of being ‘certified’, i.e. licensed for use in aircraft: Fischer-Tropsch fuel from biomass as well as fossil fuels, and jet fuel from hydrotreated vegetable oil. The latter has been tested in four test flights and could be ‘certified ’ for commercial use as early as 2010. There are strong vested interests behind those developments – including the military and in particular the US Air Force, which is committed to sourcing half its fuel in the lower 48 US states from domestic non-oil sources (coal, natural gas and biomass) by

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Fouling of HVAC Fin and Tube Heat Exchangers Jeffrey Siegel and Van P. Carey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-47668 Fouling of HVAC Fin and Tube Heat Exchangers Jeffrey Siegel and Van P. Carey CIEE ENDORSEMENT OF OR AGREEMENT WITH THESE FINDINGS, NOR THAT OF ANY CIEE SPONSOR. #12;FOULING OF HVAC in residential, commercial and industrial HVAC applications. Invariably, indoor and outdoor air contaminants foul

188

Error Analysis of Heat Transfer for Finned-Tube Heat-Exchanger Text-Board  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to reduce the measurement error of heat transfer in water and air side for finned-tube heat-exchanger as little as possible, and design a heat-exchanger test-board measurement system economically, based on the principle of test-board system error analyses and design, the equation of measurement error of heat transfer in air side and water side about orifice meter for the finned-tube heat-exchanger was obtained. This paper studies the major factors that may influence the largest admitted measurement error of measurement instruments for heat transfer in water and air side, and analyzes the degree that water temperature and pressure measurement influence heat transfer in water side, and the degree that wet bulb temperature difference measurement influences heat transfer in air side. Finally, this paper indicates that the key problem of reducing heat transfer in water side is water temperature measurement of the in-out pipe of heat-exchanger, and wet bulb temperature difference is a key to decrease the heat transfer in air side for finned-tube heat-exchanger. This paper gives a theoretical instruction for designing the measurement system of a finned-tube heat-exchanger test-board

Chen, Y.; Zhang, J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

An air cooled tube-fin evaporator model for an expansion valve control law  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For control purposes, a mathematical model of a tube-fin evaporator of a vapour compression plant running with R22 is analyzed. The refrigerant behavior in an evaporating region is described by a homogeneous model. The balance equations, together with ... Keywords: Control devices, Evaporator models, Heat transfer, Nonlinear differential systems, Numerical methods, Phase transition

C. Aprea; C. Renno

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Competition and congestion in the National Aviation System : multi-agent, multi-stakeholder approaches for evaluation and mitigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The US National Aviation System (NAS) is a complex system with multiple, interacting agents including airlines, passengers, and system operators, each with somewhat different objectives and incentives. These interactions ...

Vaze, Vikrant (Vikrant Suhas)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Eclipse-Pioneer Div of Bendix Aviation  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Eclipse-Pioneer Div of Bendix Eclipse-Pioneer Div of Bendix Aviation Corp - NJ 30 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Eclipse-Pioneer Div. of Bendix Aviation Corp. (NJ.30 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Allied Bendix Aerospace Corporation Sumitomo Machinery Corporation of America Metpath Incorporated NJ.30-7 Location: Teterboro , New Jersey NJ.30-4 Evaluation Year: Circa 1989 NJ.30-1 NJ.30-2 NJ.30-3 NJ.30-5 Site Operations: Plant #4 built by U.S. Navy on contractor property to cast magnesium-thorium alloy aircraft parts during WWII. Foundry operated till about 1966. Manufactured electronic components for MED 1940s-1950s. Operated under NRC license - closed out 22 October 1981. Property released for unrestricted use. NJ.30-6

192

DOE/Boeing Sponsored Projects in Aviation Fuel Cell Technology at Sandia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Boeing Sponsored Projects in Boeing Sponsored Projects in Aviation Fuel Cell Technology at Sandia Lennie Klebanoff and Joe Pratt Sandia National Laboratories Livermore CA 94551 September 30, 2010 "Exceptional Service in the National Interest" DOE-DOD Workshop on Uses of Fuel Cells in Aviation * ~ 8,300 employees * ~ 1,500 PhDs; ~2800 MS/MA * ~ 700 on-site contractors Sandia National Laboratories Sandia is a government-owned/contractor operated (GOCO) facility. Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin company, manages Sandia for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration. Website: www.sandia.gov Annual Budget ~ $2.2 Billion ($1.3 Billion DOE, $0.9 Billion work for others) 3 Origin: Boeing Interested in Bringing Fuel Cell Technology to Ground Support Equipment (GSE)

193

Human error and general aviation accidents: A comprehensive, fine-grained analysis using HFACS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) is a theoretically based tool for investigating and analyzing human error associated with accidents and incidents. Previous research performed at both at the University of Illinois and the Civil Aerospace Medical Institute (CAMI) have been highly successful and have shown that HFACS can be reliably used to analyze the underlying human causes of both commercial and general aviation (GA) accidents. these analyses have helped identify general trends in the types of human factors issues and aircrew errors that have contributed to civil aviation accidents. The next step is to identify the exact nature of the human errors identified. The purpose of this research effort, therefore, was to address these questions by performing a fine-grained HFACS analysis of the individual human causal factors associated with GA accidents and to assist in the generation of intervention programs. This report details those findings and offers an approach for developing interventions to address them.

Douglas A. Wiegmann; Albert Boquet; Cristy Detwiler; Kali Holcomb; Troy Faaborg; Douglas A. Wiegmann, Ph.D., Ph.D.; Albert Boquet, Ph.D.; Cristy Detwiler; Kali Holcomb; Troy Faaborg

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

A theoretical model of film condensation in a bundle of horizontal low finned tubes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The previous theoretical model of film condensation on a single horizontal low finned tube is extended to include the effect of condensate inundation. Based on the flow characteristics of condensate on a vertical column of horizontal low finned tubes, two major flow modes, the column mode and the sheet mode, are considered. In the column mode, the surface of the lower tubes is divided into the portion under the condensate column where the condensate flow is affected by the impinging condensate from the upper tubes, and the portion between the condensate columns where the condensate flow is not affected by the impinging condensate. In the sheet mode, the whole tube surface is assumed to be affected by the impinging condensate. Sample calculations for practical conditions show that the effects of the fin spacing and the number of vertical tube rows on the heat transfer performance is significant for R-12, while the effects are small for steam. The predicted value of the heat transfer coefficient for each tube row compares well with available experimental data, including four fluids and five tube bundles.

Honda, H.; Nozu, S.; Takeda, Y. (Okayama Univ. (Japan))

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Experimental investigation of plastic finned-tube heat exchangers, with emphasis on material thermal conductivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, two modified types of polypropylene (PP) with high thermal conductivity up to 2.3 W/m K and 16.5 W/m K are used to manufacture the finned-tube heat exchangers, which are prospected to be used in liquid desiccant air conditioning, heat recovery, water source heat pump, sea water desalination, etc. A third plastic heat exchanger is also manufactured with ordinary PP for validation and comparison. Experiments are carried out to determine the thermal performance of the plastic heat exchangers. It is found that the plastic finned-tube heat exchanger with thermal conductivity of 16.5 W/m K can achieve overall heat transfer coefficient of 34 W/m{sup 2} K. The experimental results are compared with calculation and they agree well with each other. Finally, the effect of material thermal conductivity on heat exchanger thermal performance is studied in detail. The results show that there is a threshold value of material thermal conductivity. Below this value improving thermal conductivity can considerably improve the heat exchanger performance while over this value improving thermal conductivity contributes very little to performance enhancement. For the finned-tube heat exchanger designed in this paper, when the plastic thermal conductivity can reach over 15 W/m K, it can achieve more than 95% of the titanium heat exchanger performance and 84% of the aluminum or copper heat exchanger performance with the same dimension. (author)

Chen, Lin; Li, Zhen; Guo, Zeng-Yuan [Department of Engineering Mechanics, Key Laboratory for Thermal Science and Power Engineering of Ministry of Education, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

196

Numerical Investigation of Air-Side Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop in Circular Finned-Tube Heat Exchangers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A three-dimensional numerical study is performed to investigate the heat transfer and pressure drop performance on the air-side of circular finned tube bundles in cross… (more)

Mon, Mi Sandar

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Heat Transfer Enhancement for Finned-Tube Heat Exchangers with Vortex Generators: Experimental and Numerical Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A combined experimental and numerical investigation is under way to investigate heat transfer enhancement techniques that may be applicable to large-scale air-cooled condensers such as those used in geothermal power applications. The research is focused on whether air-side heat transfer can be improved through the use of finsurface vortex generators (winglets,) while maintaining low heat exchanger pressure drop. A transient heat transfer visualization and measurement technique has been employed in order to obtain detailed distributions of local heat transfer coefficients on model fin surfaces. Pressure drop measurements have also been acquired in a separate multiple-tube row apparatus. In addition, numerical modeling techniques have been developed to allow prediction of local and average heat transfer for these low-Reynolds-number flows with and without winglets. Representative experimental and numerical results presented in this paper reveal quantitative details of local fin-surface heat transfer in the vicinity of a circular tube with a single delta winglet pair downstream of the cylinder. The winglets were triangular (delta) with a 1:2 height/length aspect ratio and a height equal to 90% of the channel height. Overall mean fin-surface Nusselt-number results indicate a significant level of heat transfer enhancement (average enhancement ratio 35%) associated with the deployment of the winglets with oval tubes. Pressure drop measurements have also been obtained for a variety of tube and winglet configurations using a single-channel flow apparatus that includes four tube rows in a staggered array. Comparisons of heat transfer and pressure drop results for the elliptical tube versus a circular tube with and without winglets are provided. Heat transfer and pressure-drop results have been obtained for flow Reynolds numbers based on channel height and mean flow velocity ranging from 700 to 6500.

O'Brien, James Edward; Sohal, Manohar Singh; Huff, George Albert

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Protection of Wild Adult Steelhead in Idaho by Adipose Fin Removal: 1985-1988 Final Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Steelhead trout reared in Idaho hatcheries for release during the 1984--1988 outmigrations were adipose fin clipped to differentiate between wild/natural and hatchery-reared fish. From 1984--1988, 34 million hatchery-reared steelhead trout were clipped and 30.1 million were released; the difference being made up by hatchery mortality and the percent of acceptable clips. Since 1987, the adipose clip has given protection to all wild/natural steelhead and identified them from hatchery stocks. 135 refs.

Duke, Rodney C.

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Plate Fin Heat Exchanger Model with Axial Conduction and Variable Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Future superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities, as part of Project X at Fermilab, will be cooled to superfluid helium temperatures by a cryogenic distribution system supplying cold supercritical helium. To reduce vapor fraction during the final Joule-Thomson (J-T) expansion into the superfluid helium cooling bath, counter-flow, plate-fin heat exchangers will be utilized. Due to their compact size and ease of fabrication, plate-fin heat exchangers are an effective option. However, the design of compact and high-effectiveness cryogenic heat exchangers operating at liquid helium temperatures requires consideration of axial heat conduction along the direction of flow, in addition to variable fluid properties. Here we present a numerical model that includes the effects of axial conduction and variable properties for a plate fin heat exchanger. The model is used to guide design decisions on heat exchanger material choice and geometry. In addition, the J-T expansion process is modeled with the heat exchanger to analyze the effect of heat load and cryogenic supply parameters. A numerical model that includes the effects of axial conduction and variable properties for a plate fin heat exchanger was developed and the effect of various design parameters on overall heat exchanger size was investigated. It was found that highly conductive metals should be avoided in the design of compact JT heat exchangers. For the geometry considered, the optimal conductivity is around 3.5 W/m-K and can range from 0.3-10 W/m-K without a large loss in performance. The model was implemented with an isenthalpic expansion process. Increasing the cold side inlet temperature from 2K to 2.2 K decreased the liquid fraction from 0.856 to 0.839 which corresponds to a 0.12 g/s increase in supercritical helium supply needed to maintain liquid level in the cooling bath. Lastly, it was found that the effectiveness increased when the heat load was below the design value. Therefore, the heat exchanger should be sized on the high end of the required heat load.

Hansen, B.J.; White, M.J.; Klebaner, A.; /Fermilab

2011-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

200

Characteristics of Deep GPS Signal Fading Due to Ionospheric Scintillation for Aviation Receiver Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aircraft navigation based on GPS (Global Positioning System) and WAAS (Wide Area Augmentation System) requires both code and carrier measurements to calculate the position estimate [1]. A GPS receiver’s carrier tracking loop is weaker than code tracking loop. Thus, carrier lock can more easily be broken under deep signal fading caused by ionospheric scintillation. If a receiver cannot track code and carrier of at least four satellite channels, the aircraft cannot navigate using GPS or WAAS. The solar maximum data set analyzed in this research demonstrates frequent deep fades and almost all satellites in view suffered from scintillation, which could significantly reduce number of simultaneous tracked satellites. Statistics of number of tracked satellites under 45 minutes of strong scintillation are given in this paper and importance of shorter reacquisition time of a receiver is also emphasized. In order to design an aviation receiver with shorter reacquisition time under frequent deep signal fadings, characteristics of signal fading have to be well understood. Two important characteristics of deep fading are analyzed, which are fading duration and time between deep fades. The fading duration model in this paper can provide a guideline for more robust aviation receiver design. Even if the receiver could reacquire phase lock quickly, frequent deep fades significantly increase noise level in smoothed pseudoranges, which results in lower navigation availability. Statistics of time between deep fades given in this paper shows very frequent deep fades that could be a major concern of GPS navigation under strong scintillation during solar maximum period.

Jiwon Seo; Todd Walter; Tsung-yu Chiou; Per Enge

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fin ished aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Transient Thermal, Hydraulic, and Mechanical Analysis of a Counter Flow Offset Strip Fin Intermediate Heat Exchanger using an Effective Porous Media Approach.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work presents a comprehensive thermal hydraulic analysis of a compact heat exchanger using offset strip fins. The thermal hydraulics analysis in this work is… (more)

Urquiza, Eugenio

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Development of Monitoring Control and Fuzzy Control Test of Finned-Tube Heat-Exchanger Test-Board  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to satisfy the testing requirement of finned-tube heat-exchanger test-board, this paper designs an exclusive auto-monitor and control subsystem, studies the fuzzy control means for the supply air temperature of the heat-exchanger, and accomplishes the fuzzy control performance test. According to the experimental results, this auto-monitor and control subsystem could not only reduce the testing time for thermodynamic performances of finned-tube heat-exchanger, but also actualize easily the stable control of the supply air temperature of the heat-exchanger.

Chen, Y.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, B.; Gao, F.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Virtual Globe visualization of ash-aviation encounters, with the special case of the 1989 Redoubt-KLM incident  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of natural hazards on the local environment causes major issues for those agencies responsible for warning and understanding of the risks. Analysis of past events can assist and improve future warning capabilities. Here, volcanic ash-aviation ... Keywords: Dispersion modeling and Virtual Globes, Puff, Volcanic ash

P. W. Webley

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

United States navy fleet problems and the development of carrier aviation, 1929-1933  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The U.S. Navy first took official notice of aviation in 1910, but its development of carrier aviation lagged behind Great Britain??s until the 1920s. The first American aircraft carrier, the Langley, commissioned in 1919, provided the Navy with a valuable platform to explore the potential uses of carrier aviation, but was usually limited to scouting and fleet air defense in the U.S. Navy??s annual interwar exercises called fleet problems. This began to change in 1929 with the introduction of the carriers Lexington and Saratoga in Fleet Problem IX. After this exercise, which included a raid by aircraft from the Saratoga that ??destroyed?? the Pacific side of the Panama Canal, the carriers were assigned a wider variety of roles over the next five years of exercises. During this time, the carriers gained their independence from the battle line, which the smaller and slower Langley had been unable to do. Reflecting the advanced capabilities of the new carriers, the fleet problems conducted during Admiral William Veazie Pratt??s tenure as Chief of Naval Operations, 1930-1933, began to test the employment of the new carriers as the centerpiece of one of the opposing fleets within the exercises. The Lexington and Saratoga were used offensively during these exercises, employing their aircraft to sink surface ships, though not battleships, and successfully strike targets ashore. The carriers became successful in spite of the unreliability of early 1930s carrier aircraft, particularly the torpedo bombers, that could carry heavy payloads. Lessons learned from the Lexington and Saratoga Fleet Problems IX through XIV influenced the design of the next generation of American aircraft carriers, the Yorktownclass, which were authorized in 1933. These new carriers were faster and much larger than the carrier Ranger, commissioned in 1934 and designed before the Lexington and Saratoga began participating in the exercises. Features incorporated into the Yorktownclass based on operational experience included the reduced need for large surface batteries because of the use of escort vessels, the emphasis of armoring against shellfire over aerial bombs and torpedoes, and the capability to launch large numbers of aircraft quickly.

Wadle, Ryan David

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Computer shadow analysis technique for tilted windows shaded by overhangs, vertical projections, and side fins  

SciTech Connect

This paper expands upon previously published techniques for calculating window shadow areas by computer to include tilted and horizontal glazing systems as well as vertical glazing systems. This methodology may be used for any rectangular window shaded by rectangular overhangs and/or side fins perpendicular to the plane of the window. Rectangular projections suspended from the end of an overhang are also accommodated. The technique yields a precise solution and requires minimum input. Computer processing is rapid because iterative algorithms are avoided. Shadow overlaps and end effects are completely treated. The glazing system may have any degree of tilt from horizontal (looking upward) through vertical to horizontal (looking downward). Techniques for sorting window shadow shapes and equations for calculating shadow areas are included.

Bekooy, R.G.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Effects of Pin Detached Space on Heat Transfer and Pin-Fin Arrays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heat transfer and pressure characteristics in a rectangular channel with pin-fin arrays of partial detachment from one of the endwalls have been experimentally studied. The overall channel geometry (W?=?76.2 mm, E?=?25.4 mm) simulates an internal cooling passage of wide aspect ratio (3:1) in a gas turbine airfoil. With a given pin diameter, D?=?6.35 mm?=?¼E, three different pin-fin height-to-diameter ratios, H/D?=?4, 3, and 2, were examined. Each of these three cases corresponds to a specific pin array geometry of detachment spacing (C) between the pin tip and one of the endwalls, i.e., C/D?=?0, 1, 2, respectively. The Reynolds number, based on the hydraulic diameter of the unobstructed cross-section and the mean bulk velocity, ranges from 10,000 to 25,000. The experiment employs a hybrid technique based on transient liquid crystal imaging to obtain the distributions of the local heat transfer coefficient over all of the participating surfaces, including the endwalls and all the pin elements. Experimental results reveal that the presence of a detached space between the pin tip and the endwall has a significant effect on the convective heat transfer and pressure loss in the channel. The presence of pin-to-endwall spacing promotes wall-flow interaction, generates additional separated shear layers, and augments turbulent transport. In general, an increase in detached spacing, or C/D, leads to lower heat transfer enhancement and pressure drop. However, C/D?=?1, i.e., H/D?=?3, of a staggered array configuration exhibits the highest heat transfer enhancement, followed by the cases of C/D?=?0 and C/D?=?2, i.e., H/D?=?4 or 2, respectively.

Siw, Sin C.; Chyu, Minking K.; Shih, Tom I-P.; Alvin, Mary Anne

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

DOE-STD-1165-2003; Aviation Manager Functional Area Qualification Standard  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5-2003 5-2003 September 2003 DOE STANDARD AVIATION MANAGER FUNCTIONAL AREA QUALIFICATION STANDARD DOE Facilities Technical Personnel U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-STD-1165-2003 ii This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U.S. Department of Energy, (800) 473-4375, fax: (301) 903-9823. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 605-6000.

208

DOE-STD-1164-2003; Aviation Safety Officer Functional Area Qualification Standard  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4-2003 4-2003 September 2003 DOE STANDARD AVIATION SAFETY OFFICER FUNCTIONAL AREA QUALIFICATION STANDARD DOE Facilities Technical Personnel U.S. Department of Energy AREA-TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-STD-1164-2003 This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U.S. Department of Energy, (800) 473-4375, fax: (301) 903-9823. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 605-6000.

209

ORKPROCESSINSELECTIVNEURON BAR99 WIC69 WIL81 FIN79 AND81 HIN84 AND81 BAR81 KOH81  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BAR99 WIC69 WIL81 FIN79 AND81 HIN84 AND81 BAR81 KOH81 CATEGORIZ Figure 5: A sketch of the AIR system 3D interactive animation. Communications of the ACM 39.56{71. Rose, Daniel E., & Richard K. Belew of the 16th Annual Inter- national ACM/SIGIR Conference, 49{58, Pittsburgh, PA. ||, & Chris Buckley. 1992

Hearst, Marti

210

Computational Analysis of Thermo-Fluidic Characteristics of a Carbon Nano-Fin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Miniaturization of electronic devices for enhancing their performance is associated with higher heat fluxes and cooling requirements. Surface modifi cation by texturing or coating is the most cost-effective approach to enhance the cooling of electronic devices. Experiments on carbon nanotube coated heater surfaces have shown heat transfer enhancement of 60 percent. In addition, silicon nanotubes etched on the silicon substrates have shown heat flux enhancement by as much as 120 percent. The heat flux augmentation is attributed to the combined effects of increase in the surface area due to the protruding nanotubes (nano- n eff ect), disruption of vapor lms and modi fication of the thermal/mass di ffusion boundary layers. Since the e ffects of disruption of vapor lms and modifi cation of the thermal/mass di ffusion boundary layers are similar in the above experiments, the difference in enhancement in heat transfer is the consequence of dissimilar nano- n eff ect. The thermal conductivity of carbon nanotubes is of the order of 6000 W/mK while that of silicon is 150 W/mK. However, in the experiments, carbon nanotubes have shown poor performance compared to silicon. This is the consequence of interfacial thermal resistance between the carbon nanotubes and the surrounding fluid since earlier studies have shown that there is comparatively smaller interface resistance to the heat flow from the silicon surface to the surrounding liquids. At the molecular level, atomic interactions of the coolant molecules with the solid substrate as well as their thermal-physical-chemical properties can play a vital role in the heat transfer from the nanotubes. Characterization of the e ffect of the molecular scale chemistry and structure can help to simulate the performance of a nano fin in diff erent kinds of coolants. So in this work to elucidate the eff ect of the molecular composition and structures on the interfacial thermal resistance, water, ethyl alcohol, 1-hexene, n-heptane and its isomers and chains are considered. Non equilibrium molecular dynamic simulations have been performed to compute the interfacial thermal resistance between the carbon nanotube and different coolants as well as to study the diff erent modes of heat transfer. The approach used in these simulations is based on the lumped capacitance method. This method is applicable due to the very high thermal conductivity of the carbon nanotubes, leading to orders of magnitude smaller temperature gradients within the nanotube than between the nanotube and the coolants. To perform the simulations, a single wall carbon nanotube (nano-fin) is placed at the center of the simulation domain surrounded by fluid molecules. The system is minimized and equilibrated to a certain reference temperature. Subsequently, the temperature of the nanotube is raised and the system is allowed to relax under constant energy. The heat transfer from the nano- fin to the surrounding fluid molecules is calculated as a function of time. The temperature decay rate of the nanotube is used to estimate the relaxation time constant and hence the e ffective thermal interfacial resistance between the nano-fi n and the fluid molecules. From the results it can be concluded that the interfacial thermal resistance depends upon the chemical composition, molecular structure, size of the polymer chains and the composition of their mixtures. By calculating the vibration spectra of the molecules of the fluids, it was observed that the heat transfer from the nanotube to the surrounding fluid occurs mutually via the coupling of the low frequency vibration modes.

Singh, Navdeep

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

A new glide path: re-architecting the Flight School XXI Enterprise at the U.S. Army Aviation Center of Excellence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis utilizes eight Enterprise Architecture views to analyze the U.S. Army Aviation Center of Excellence's Flight School XXI Enterprise and provides recommendations to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of ...

Enos, James R. (James Robert)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

A steady state thermal duct model derived by fin-theory approach and applied on an unglazed solar collector  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the thermal modelling of an unglazed solar collector (USC) flat panel, with the aim of producing a detailed yet swift thermal steady-state model. The model is analytical, one-dimensional (1D) and derived by a fin-theory approach. It represents the thermal performance of an arbitrary duct with applied boundary conditions equal to those of a flat panel collector. The derived model is meant to be used for efficient optimisation and design of USC flat panels (or similar applications), as well as detailed thermal analysis of temperature fields and heat transfer distributions/variations at steady-state conditions; without requiring a large amount of computational power and time. Detailed surface temperatures are necessary features for durability studies of the surface coating, hence the effect of coating degradation on USC and system performance. The model accuracy and proficiency has been benchmarked against a detailed three-dimensional Finite Difference Model (3D FDM) and two simpler 1D analytical models. Results from the benchmarking test show that the fin-theory model has excellent capabilities of calculating energy performances and fluid temperature profiles, as well as detailed material temperature fields and heat transfer distributions/variations (at steady-state conditions), while still being suitable for component analysis in junction to system simulations as the model is analytical. The accuracy of the model is high in comparison to the 3D FDM (the prime benchmark), as long as the fin-theory assumption prevails (no 'or negligible' temperature gradient in the fin perpendicularly to the fin length). Comparison with the other models also shows that when the USC duct material has a high thermal conductivity, the cross-sectional material temperature adopts an isothermal state (for the assessed USC duct geometry), which makes the 1D isothermal model valid. When the USC duct material has a low thermal conductivity, the heat transfer course of events adopts a 1D heat flow that reassembles the conditions of the 1D simple model (for the assessed USC duct geometry); 1D heat flow through the top and bottom fins/sheets as the duct wall reassembles a state of adiabatic condition. (author)

Stojanovic, B.; Hallberg, D.; Akander, J. [Building Materials Technology, KTH Research School, Centre for Built Environment, University of Gaevle, SE-801 76 Gaevle (Sweden)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

213

Corrosion of Aluminum-fin, Copper-tube Heat Exchange Coils  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over the past several years the HVAC industry has experienced a large increase in instances of leaks in the central portion of aluminum-finned, coppertube heat exchange coils. These leaks are characterized as being very small in size and very high in numbers within a single coil. There are many chemical species that can cause these coil leaks, including chlorides from pool chemicals and clothes washing, sulfur from tap water, lubricants and nearby industries, and ammonia compounds from cleaners or nearby industries. However this recent increase in reported coil leaks is being attributed to a newly discovered class of corroding agents. These are low molecular weight organic acids such as acetic acid and formic acid. This paper gives some background information on leak causes and then presents the diagnostic procedures typically used to determine these causes. Results of some of these analyses are also presented. As many of these procedures are new and often company-specific, there are no accepted industry standard procedures to test process chemicals or application contaminants for copper tube corrosion potential. Industry supported research has begun to develop a bench test for this.

Field, J. E.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

X:\Data_Publication\Pma\current\ventura\pma00.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

calculated in terms of the following formula: calculated in terms of the following formula: Deg API sp gr degF degF = - 141 5 60 60 131 5 . . The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials. Aviation Gasoline (Finished): A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifi- cations are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on fin- ished aviation gasoline. Barrel: A volumetric unit of measure for crude oil and petroleum products equivalent to 42 U.S. gallons.

215

Findings and views concerning the exemption of aviation gasoline from the mandatory petroleum allocation and price regulations  

SciTech Connect

Presented are DOE's findings and views with respect to its proposal to exempt aviation gasoline from the Mandatory Petroleum Allocation and Price Regulations (10 CFR, Parts 210, 211, and 212), an added section of which requires that any amendment submitted to the Congress for the purpose of exempting a petroleum product or refined product category from regulation be supported with certain findings and views on a variety of matters related to the exemption. Section 102 of the Energy Conservation and Production Act (ECPA), Public Law 94-385 (August 14, 1976), requires separate submissions to the Congress of energy actions exempting a refined product category from both price and allocation provisions of the DOE regulations, but it does permit separate energy actions exempting a product from price and allocation regulations to be submitted concurrently. Based on an analysis of historic and projected supply, demand, and price trends, the DOE has concluded that allocation and price controls are no longer necessary for aviation gasoline and that its exemption in addition to satisfying the other requisite criteria of Section 12 of the EPAA, will be consistent with the attainment of the objectives specified in Section 4 (b)(1) of the EPAA. Accordingly, the DOE is submitting concurrently to the Congress in accordance with the provisions of Section 12 of the EPAA, Section 551 of the EPCA, and Section 102 of the ECPA, two energy actions to exempt aviation gasoline from allocation and price controls.

1978-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

U.S. Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Sales Type: Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales Type: Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product Sales Type Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History Aviation Gasoline 93.3 8.2 10.0 12.0 10.9 11.4 1983-2013 Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel 32,893.1 32,452.7 33,281.4 32,532.8 29,876.9 29,004.1 1983-2013 Propane (Consumer Grade) 6,321.3 6,161.4 5,990.4 6,377.7 6,892.8 3,264.5 1983-2013 Kerosene 3.5 2.4 3.6 2.2 3.6 8.8 1983-2013 No. 1 Distillate 45.2 31.9 36.3 32.5 44.6 103.0 1983-2013 No. 2 Distillate 11,266.8 11,311.6 11,647.9 11,375.1 11,192.1 12,138.1 1983-2013 No. 2 Diesel Fuel NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2013

217

Ethyl-tertiary-butyl-ether (ETBE) as an aviation fuel: Eleventh international symposium on alcohol fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper discusses the preliminary flight testing of an aircraft using neat burning ethyl-tertiary-butyl-ether (ETBE) as a fuel. No additional changes were made to the fuel delivery systems which had previously been modified to provide the higher fuel flow rates required to operate the engine on neat ethanol. Air-fuel ratios were manually adjusted with the mixture control. This system allows the pilot to adjust the mixture to compensate for changes in air density caused by altitude, pressure and temperature. The engine was instrumented to measure exhaust gas temperatures (EGT), cylinder head temperatures (CHT), and fuel flows, while the standard aircraft instruments were used to collect aircraft performance data. Baseline engine data for ETBE and Avgas are compared. Preliminary data indicates the technical and economic feasibility of using ETBE as an aviation fuel for the piston engine fleet. Furthermore, the energy density of ETBE qualifies it as a candidate for a turbine engine fuel of which 16.2 billion gallons are used in the US each year.

Maben, G.D.; Shauck, M.E.; Zanin, M.G.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

218

Transient Thermal, Hydraulic, and Mechanical Analysis of a Counter Flow Offset Strip Fin Intermediate Heat Exchanger using an Effective Porous Media Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

effect on offset fin heat exchanger performance: predictiveA. L. London. Compact Heat Exchangers. 3 rd ed. , New York,Model for Transient Heat Exchanger Response. ” Int. J. Heat

Urquiza, Eugenio

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Transient Thermal, Hydraulic, and Mechanical Analysis of a Counter Flow Offset Strip Fin Intermediate Heat Exchanger using an Effective Porous Media Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M. and A. L. London. Compact Heat Exchangers. 3 rd ed. , NewOffset Strip Fin Compact Heat Exchanger. ” ExperimentalKays, W. M. , “Compact Heat Exchangers,” AGARD Lecture Ser.

Urquiza, Eugenio

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

U.S. Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History Aviation Gasoline 413.1 602.6 593.2 547.1 431.5 432.6 1983-2013 Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel 26,119.1 27,197.0 28,168.9 27,226.7 25,645.0 27,379.5 1983-2013 Propane (Consumer Grade) 26,164.7 24,627.2 25,506.9 30,382.5 31,250.8 38,981.9 1983-2013 Kerosene 1,302.3 897.9 1,049.8 1,199.7 1,224.4 1,318.9 1983-2013 No. 1 Distillate 197.2 124.8 141.7 228.9 336.0 947.3 1983-2013 No. 2 Distillate 148,472.9 149,527.5 153,402.1 152,957.9 149,298.1 160,704.2 1983-2013 No. 2 Diesel Fuel NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2013 Ultra Low-Sulfur 140,589.9 143,645.5 145,899.9 142,352.7 139,922.9 151,092.7 2007-2013 Low-Sulfur 1,976.7 1,020.9 2,521.9 2,944.3 2,205.9 3,904.5 1994-2013 High-Sulfur

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fin ished aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

,"U.S. Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates" Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates",11,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refoth_d_nus_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refoth_d_nus_vtr_mgalpd_m.htm"

222

,"U.S. Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates" Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates",11,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refoth_d_nus_vwr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refoth_d_nus_vwr_mgalpd_m.htm"

223

There has been recent interest in the application of the tilt-rotor concept to civil aviation. The concept offers the speed and altitude capability of the turbojet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hybrid electric will be explored. The impact of engine location and Part-Span tilt wing will also of a helicopter. Such a vehicle could fill a number of niches in the aviation market. Some tilt-rotor studies have through the application of new technologies to the concept. Advanced materials and systems, including

224

Preliminary assessment report for Virginia Army National Guard Army Aviation Support Facility, Richmond International Airport, Installation 51230, Sandston, Virginia  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of the preliminary assessment (PA) conducted by Argonne National Laboratory at the Virginia Army National Guard (VaARNG) property in Sandston, Virginia. The Army Aviation Support Facility (AASF) is contiguous with the Richmond International Airport. Preliminary assessments of federal facilities are being conducted to compile the information necessary for completing preremedial activities and to provide a basis for establishing corrective actions in response to releases of hazardous substances. The PA is designed to characterize the site accurately and determine the need for further action by examining site activities, quantities of hazardous substances present, and potential pathways by which contamination could affect public health and the environment. The AASF, originally constructed as an active Air Force interceptor base, provides maintenance support for VaARNG aircraft. Hazardous materials used and stored at the facility include JP-4 jet fuel, diesel fuel, gasoline, liquid propane gas, heating oil, and motor oil.

Dennis, C.B.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Abundance of fin whales in West Greenland in 2007 M.P. HEIDE-JRGENSEN*, K.L. LAIDRE*+, M. SIMON*, M.L. BURT$, D.L. BORCHERS$ AND M. RASMUSSEN#  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WORDS: FIN WHALE; ABUNDANCE ESTIMATE; SURVEY-AERIAL; WEST GREENLAND; NORTHERN HEMISPHERE Jørgensen et al­4,296) than the aerial survey (Heide-Jørgensen et al., 2007). In 2004, the IWC's Scientific Committee whales in West Greenland. Here we report on an aerial survey of fin whales conducted off West Greenland

Laidre, Kristin L.

226

The characterization of flow regimes with power spectral density distributions of pressure fluctuations during condensation in smooth and micro-fin tubes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an objective predictor of the prevailing flow regime during refrigerant condensation inside smooth-, micro-fin and herringbone tubes. The power spectral density (PSD) distribution of the fluctuating condensing pressure signal was used to predict the prevailing flow regime, as opposed to the traditional (and subjective) use of visual-only methods, and/or smooth-tube flow regime maps. The prevailing flow regime was observed by using digital cameras and was validated with the use of the conventional smooth-tube flow regime transition criteria, Froude rate criteria, as well as a new flow regime map that was developed for micro-fin tube condensation. Experimental work was conducted for condensing R-22, R-407C, and R-134a at an average saturation temperature of 40{sup o}C with mass fluxes ranging from 300 to 800kg/m{sup 2}s, and with vapour qualities ranging from 0.85-0.95 at condenser inlet to 0.05-0.15 at condenser outlet. Tests were conducted with one smooth-tube condenser and three micro-fin tube condensers (with helix angles of 10{sup o}, 18{sup o}, and 37{sup o}, respectively). It is shown that the micro-fin tubes cause a delay in the transition from annular to intermittent flow by at least 19% (compared to the smooth tube), thus significantly contributing to the enhancement of heat transfer. (author)

Liebenberg, Leon; Meyer, Josua P. [Department of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002 (South Africa)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

227

Heat transfer during condensation of HFC-134a and R-404A inside of a horizontal smooth and micro-fin tube  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent small and medium capacity refrigeration systems, the condenser tubes are provided with micro-fins from inside. The vapour refrigerant at the compressor outlet and the condenser inlet is in superheat state. As it advances in the condenser it is in two phases and at the outlet it is in sub cooled liquid. The heat transfer coefficient (HTC) during condensation of HFC-134a and R-404A in a smooth (8.56 mm ID) and micro-fin tubes (8.96 mm ID) are experimentally investigated. Different from previous studies, the present experiments are performed for various condensing temperatures, with superheating and sub cooling and using hermetically sealed compressor. The test runs are done at average saturated condensing temperatures ranging from 35 C to 60 C. The mass fluxes are between 90 and 800 kg m{sup -2} s{sup -1}. The experimental results indicate that the average HTC increases with mass flux but decreases with increasing condensing temperature for both smooth and micro-fin tubes. The average condensation HTCs of HFC-134a and R-404A for the micro-fin tubes were 1.5-2.5 and 1.3-2 times larger than that in smooth tube respectively. The HTCs for R-404A are less than that of HFC-134a. New correlations based on the data gathered during the experimentation for predicting condensation HTCs are proposed for wide range of operating conditions. (author)

Sapali, S.N. [Govt. College of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shivaji Nagar, Pune, Maharashtra 411 005 (India); Patil, Pradeep A. [AISSMS College of Engineering, Pune University, Mechanical Engineering Department, Kennedy Road, Near R.T.O., Pune, Maharashtra 411 001 (India)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

228

The Disruption of Vessel-Spanning Bubbles with Sloped Fins in Flat-Bottom and 2:1 Elliptical-Bottom Vessels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Radioactive sludge was generated in the K-East Basin and K-West Basin fuel storage pools at the Hanford Site while irradiated uranium metal fuel elements from the N Reactor were being stored and packaged. The fuel has been removed from the K Basins, and currently, the sludge resides in the KW Basin in large underwater Engineered Containers. The first phase to the Sludge Treatment Project being led by CH2MHILL Plateau Remediation Company (CHPRC) is to retrieve and load the sludge into sludge transport and storage containers (STSCs) and transport the sludge to T Plant for interim storage. The STSCs will be stored inside T Plant cells that are equipped with secondary containment and leak-detection systems. The sludge is composed of a variety of particulate materials and water, including a fraction of reactive uranium metal particles that are a source of hydrogen gas. If a situation occurs where the reactive uranium metal particles settle out at the bottom of a container, previous studies have shown that a vessel-spanning gas layer above the uranium metal particles can develop and can push the overlying layer of sludge upward. The major concern, in addition to the general concern associated with the retention and release of a flammable gas such as hydrogen, is that if a vessel-spanning bubble (VSB) forms in an STSC, it may drive the overlying sludge material to the vents at the top of the container. Then it may be released from the container into the cell’s secondary containment system at T Plant. A previous study demonstrated that sloped walls on vessels, both cylindrical coned-shaped vessels and rectangular vessels with rounded ends, provided an effective approach for disrupting a VSB by creating a release path for gas as a VSB began to rise. Based on the success of sloped-wall vessels, a similar concept is investigated here where a sloped fin is placed inside the vessel to create a release path for gas. A key potential advantage of using a sloped fin compared to a vessel with a sloped wall is that a small fin decreases the volume of a vessel available for sludge storage by a very small fraction compared to a cone-shaped vessel. The purpose of this study is to quantify the capability of sloped fins to disrupt VSBs and to conduct sufficient tests to estimate the performance of fins in full-scale STSCs. Experiments were conducted with a range of fin shapes to determine what slope and width were sufficient to disrupt VSBs. Additional tests were conducted to demonstrate how the fin performance scales with the sludge layer thickness and the sludge strength, density, and vessel diameter based on the gravity yield parameter, which is a dimensionless ratio of the force necessary to yield the sludge to its weight.( ) Further experiments evaluated the difference between vessels with flat and 2:1 elliptical bottoms and a number of different simulants, including the KW container sludge simulant (complete), which was developed to match actual K-Basin sludge. Testing was conducted in 5-in., 10-in., and 23-in.-diameter vessels to quantify how fin performance is impacted by the size of the test vessel. The most significant results for these scale-up tests are the trend in how behavior changes with vessel size and the results from the 23-in. vessel. The key objective in evaluating fin performance is to determine the conditions that minimize the volume of a VSB when disruption occurs because this reduces the potential for material inside the STSC from being released through vents.

Gauglitz, Phillip A.; Buchmiller, William C.; Jenks, Jeromy WJ; Chun, Jaehun; Russell, Renee L.; Schmidt, Andrew J.; Mastor, Michael M.

2010-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

229

Aviation Human Factors Division Institute of Aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the scenario by reducing all line loadings to 100% of capacity or less. Participants performed the tasks using reconfiguration of the interconnected North American electric power grid, operators must now comprehend a vast and growing amount of multivariate data over more extensive network regions. Power systems engineers

230

Regulatory fire test requirements for plutonium air transport packages : JP-4 or JP-5 vs. JP-8 aviation fuel.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For certification, packages used for the transportation of plutonium by air must survive the hypothetical thermal environment specified in 10CFR71.74(a)(5). This regulation specifies that 'the package must be exposed to luminous flames from a pool fire of JP-4 or JP-5 aviation fuel for a period of at least 60 minutes.' This regulation was developed when jet propellant (JP) 4 and 5 were the standard jet fuels. However, JP-4 and JP-5 currently are of limited availability in the United States of America. JP-4 is very hard to obtain as it is not used much anymore. JP-5 may be easier to get than JP-4, but only through a military supplier. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate that readily-available JP-8 fuel is a possible substitute for the aforementioned certification test. Comparisons between the properties of the three fuels are given. Results from computer simulations that compared large JP-4 to JP-8 pool fires using Sandia's VULCAN fire model are shown and discussed. Additionally, the Container Analysis Fire (CAFE) code was used to compare the thermal response of a large calorimeter exposed to engulfing fires fueled by these three jet propellants. The paper then recommends JP-8 as an alternate fuel that complies with the thermal environment implied in 10CFR71.74.

Figueroa, Victor G.; Lopez, Carlos; Nicolette, Vernon F.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Composition-explicit distillation curves of aviation fuel JP-8 and a coal-based jet fuel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have recently introduced several important improvements in the measurement of distillation curves for complex fluids. The modifications to the classical measurement provide for (1) a composition explicit data channel for each distillate fraction (for both qualitative and quantitative analysis); (2) temperature measurements that are true thermodynamic state points; (3) temperature, volume, and pressure measurements of low uncertainty suitable for an equation of state development; (4) consistency with a century of historical data; (5) an assessment of the energy content of each distillate fraction; (6) a trace chemical analysis of each distillate fraction; and (7) a corrosivity assessment of each distillate fraction. The most significant modification is achieved with a new sampling approach that allows precise qualitative as well as quantitative analyses of each fraction, on the fly. We have applied the new method to the measurement of rocket propellant, gasoline, and jet fuels. In this paper, we present the application of the technique to representative batches of the military aviation fuel JP-8, and also to a coal-derived fuel developed as a potential substitute. We present not only the distillation curves but also a chemical characterization of each fraction and discuss the contrasts between the two fluids. 26 refs., 5 figs., 6 tabs.

Beverly L. Smith; Thomas J. Bruno [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, CO (United States). Physical and Chemical Properties Division

2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

232

Condensation pressure drop of HFC-134a and R-404A in a smooth and micro-fin U-tube  

SciTech Connect

The frictional pressure drop during condensation of HFC-134a and R-404A in a smooth (8.56 mm ID) and micro-fin U-tubes (8.96 mm ID) are experimentally investigated. Different from previous studies, the present experiments are performed for various condensing temperatures. The test runs are done at average saturated condensing temperatures ranging from 35 C to 60 C. The mass fluxes are between 90 and 800 kg/m{sup 2}s. The experimental results indicate that the average frictional pressure drop increases with mass flux but decreases with increasing condensing temperature for both smooth and micro-fin-tubes. The average frictional pressure drops of HFC-134a and R-404A for the micro-fin-tubes were 1-1.7 and 1-2.1 times larger than that in smooth tube respectively. New correlations based on the data gathered during the experimentation for predicting frictional pressure drop are proposed for wide range of operating conditions. (author)

Patil, Pradeep A. [AISSMS College of Engineering, Pune University, Mechanical Engineering Department, Kennedy Road, near RTO, Pune 411 001, Maharashtra (India); Sapali, S.N. [Govt. College of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shivaji Nagar, Pune 411 005, Maharashtra (India)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

233

The Effect of Circuiting Arrangement on the Thermal Performance of Refrigeration Mixtures in Tube-and-Fin Condensing Heat Exchangers  

SciTech Connect

For the pure or azeotropic refrigerants typically used in present air conditioning and refrigeration applications, the refrigerant changes phase at a constant temperature. Thus, the refrigerant circuiting arrangement such as crossfiow, counterfiow, or cross-counterflow, has no effect on the thermal performance. For zeotropic refrigerant mixtures, however, the phase-change occurs over a temperature range, or "glide", and the refrigerant circuiting arrangement, or flow path through the heat exchanger, can affect the thermal performance of both the heat exchangers as well as the overall efficiency of the vapor compression cooling cycle. The effects of tsvo diflerent circuiting arrangements on the thermal performance of a zeotropic retligerant mixture and an almost azeotropic refrigerant mixture in a four-row cross-countertlow heat exchanger arrangement are reported here. The two condensers differ only in the manner of circuiting the refrigerant tubes, where one has refrigerant always flowing downward in the active heat transfer region ("identical order") and the other has refrigerant alternating flow direction in the active heat transfer region ("inverted order"). All other geometric parameters, such as bce are% fin louver geometry, refrigerant tube size and enhancement etc., are the same for both heat exchangers. One refrigerant mixture (R-41OA) un&rgoes a small temperature change ("low glide") during phase change, and the other retligerant mixture (a multi- component proprietary mixture) has a substantial temperature change ("high glide") of approximately 10"C during the phase change process. The overall thermal conductance, two-phase conductance, and pressure drop are presented. For the flow conditions of these tests, which are representative of resi&ntial cooling conditions, inverted order circuiting is more desirable than identical order. The potential thermal advantages of the i&ntical order arrangement for high-glide zeotropic refrigerant mixtures are negated by the increased parasitic refrigerant-side pressure drop utiortunately resulting from tkbrication requirements of the identical order circuiting.

Chen, D.T.; Conklin, J.C.

1999-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

234

Aviation System Performance Measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improvement Program (STIP). In order to provide aCIP was taken out of the STIP and is now an independenton the same schedule as the STIP. Recent legislation (Senate

Gosling, Geoffrey D.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Federal Aviation Administration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The United States Government assumes no liability for the contents or use thereof. The United States Government does not endorse products or manufacturers. Trade or manufacturer's names appear herein solely because they are considered essential to the objective of this report. This document does not constitute FAA certification policy. Consult your local FAA aircraft certification office as to its use.

John W. Reinhardt; Robert Penman

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

The evaluation of a coal-derived liquid as a feedstock for the production of high-density aviation turbine fuel  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The conversion of coal-derived liquids to transportation fuels has been the subject of many studies sponsored by the US Department of Energy and the US Department of Defense. For the most part, these studies evaluated conventional petroleum processes for the production of specification-grade fuels. Recently, however, the interest of these two departments expanded to include the evaluation of alternate fossil fuels as a feedstock for the production of high-density aviation turbine fuel. In this study, we evaluated five processes for their ability to produce intermediates from a coal-derived liquid for the production of high-density turbine fuel. These processes include acid-base extraction to reduce the heteroatom content of the middle distillate and the atmospheric and vacuum gas oils, solvent dewaxing to reduce the paraffin (alkane) content of the atmospheric and vacuum gas oils, Attapulgus clay treatment to reduce the heteroatom content of the middle distillate, coking to reduce the distillate range of the vacuum gas oil, and hydrogenation to remove heteroatoms and to saturate aromatic rings in the middle distillate and atmospheric gas oil. The chemical and physical properties that the US Air Force considers critical for the development of high-denisty aviation turbine fuel are specific gravity and net heat of combustion. The target minimum values for these properties are a specific gravity of at least 0.85 and a net heat of combustion of at least 130,000 Btu/gal. In addition, the minimum hydrogen content is 13.0 wt %, the maximum freeze point is {minus}53{degrees}F ({minus}47{degrees}C), the maximum amount of aromatics is about 25 to 30 vol %, and the maximum amount of paraffins is 10 vol %. 13 refs., 20 tabs.

Thomas, K.P.; Hunter, D.E.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Demonstration Assessment of Light Emitting Diode (LED) Walkway Lighting at the Federal Aviation Administration William J. Hughes Technical Center, in Atlantic City, New Jersey  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the results of a collaborative project to demonstrate a solid state lighting (SSL) general illumination product in an outdoor area walkway application. In the project, six light-emitting diode (LED) luminaires were installed to replace six existing high pressure sodium (HPS) luminaires mounted on 14-foot poles on a set of exterior walkways and stairs at the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) William J. Hughes Technical Center in Atlantic City, New Jersey, during December, 2007. The effort was a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) SSL Technology Gateway Demonstration that involved a collaborative teaming agreement between DOE, FAA and Ruud Lighting (and their wholly owned division, Beta LED). Pre- and post-installation power and illumination measurements were taken and used in calculations of energy savings and related economic payback, while personnel impacted by the new lights were provided questionnaires to gauge their perceptions and feedback. The SSL product demonstrated energy savings of over 25% while maintaining illuminance levels and improving illuminance uniformity. PNNL's economic analysis yielded a variety of potential payback results depending on the assumptions used. In the best case, replacing HPS with the LED luminaire can yield a payback as low as 3 years. The new lamps were quite popular with the affected personnel, who gave the lighting an average score of 4.46 out of 5 for improvement.

Kinzey, Bruce R.; Myer, Michael

2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

238

Evaluation of the Pulsed Eddy Current Inspection Technique Known as the Through-Fin Inspection System for Heat Recovery Steam Genera tors (T-FISH) as Applicable to Power Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project is a continuation of previous work Intertek APTECH did in support of the Electric Power Research Institute EPRI report 1008093, Electromagnetic Nondestructive Evaluation NDE for Heat Recovery Steam Generators HRSGs, 2005. EPRI report 1008093 was an NDE overview report that reviewed different commercially available electromagnetic NDE techniques suitable for HRSG applications involving both finned and nonfinned tubing. The pulsed eddy current PEC methodology demonstrated an ability to detect ...

2009-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

239

NGA_99fin.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 618,461 240,622 2.68 174,701 0.89 40 0.70 241,468 5.11 10,376 0.33 143,256 4.70 635,761 3.20 P e n n s y l v a n i a Pennsylvania - Table 79 79. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Pennsylvania, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 31,025 31,792 32,692 21,576 23,822 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 111,000 135,000 80,000 R 130,317 174,701 From Oil Wells........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................

240

NGA_99fin.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 161,005 32,039 0.36 0 0.00 93 1.64 38,364 0.81 13,095 0.42 47,553 1.56 131,143 0.66 C o n n e c t i c u t Connecticut - Table 47 47. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Connecticut, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fin ished aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

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9 9 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 18. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 1999 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 19. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Utilities, 1999 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure Sources: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC-423, "Monthly Report of Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Plants," and Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental

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0 0 Indiana - Table 55 I n d i a n a 587,213 319,890 3.56 855 0.00 48 0.84 151,529 3.21 7,655 0.25 73,643 2.42 552,765 2.78 55. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Indiana, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 1,347 1,367 1,458 1,479 1,498 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 249 360 526 615 855 From Oil Wells........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total............................................................. 249 360 526 615 855 Repressuring ................................................ NA NA NA NA NA Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed............... NA NA NA NA NA Wet After Lease Separation ......................... 249 360 526 615 855 Vented and Flared........................................

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6 6 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 295,768 139,261 1.55 1,230 0.01 9 0.16 58,983 1.25 3,460 0.11 51,378 1.69 253,091 1.27 T e n n e s s e e Tennessee - Table 83 83. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Tennessee, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 505 460 420 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells........................................... 1,820 1,690 1,510 1,420 1,230 Total............................................................. 1,820 1,690 1,510

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9 9 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: -236,588 44,857 0.50 176,015 0.90 5 0.09 31,403 0.66 385 0.01 27,301 0.90 103,951 0.52 West Virginia West Virginia - Table 89 89. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas West Virginia, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 36,144 35,148 31,000 39,072 36,575 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 186,231 169,839 172,268 R 180,000 176,015 From Oil Wells........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................

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9 9 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 7,143 2,901 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 2,565 0.05 250 0.01 2,309 0.08 8,024 0.04 V e r m o n t Vermont - Table 86 86. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Vermont, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................

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6 6 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 1,238,255 296,358 3.30 16,122 0.08 575 10.11 370,711 7.85 181,823 5.84 360,188 11.81 1,209,656 6.08 N e w Y o r k New York - Table 73 73. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas New York, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 6,134 6,208 5,731 5,903 6,422 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 17,677 17,494 15,525 16,413 16,016 From Oil Wells........................................... 723 641 669 291 111 Total.............................................................

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4 4 Industrial 8,990,216 45.2% Commercial 3,048,832 15.3% Electric Utilities 3,113,419 15.7% Residential 4,724,094 23.8% Note: Vehicle fuel volume for 1999 was 5,685 million cubic feet. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." T e x a s C a l i f o r n i a L o u i s i a n a A l l O t h e r S t a t e s 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 30 60 90 120 Trillion Cubic Feet Industrial Billion Cubic Meters T e x a s L o u i s i a n a F l o r i d a A l l O t h e r S t a t e s 0 1 2 3 4 5 0 30 60 90 120 Trillion Cubic Feet Electric Utilities Billion Cubic Meters N e w Y o r k C a l i f o r n i a I l l i n o i s A l l O t h e r S t a t e s 0 1 2 3 4 5 0 30 60 90 120 Trillion Cubic Feet Commercial Billion Cubic Meters C a l i f o r n i a I l l i n o i s N e w Y o r k A l l O t h e r S t a t e s 0 1 2 3 4 5 0 30 60 90 120 Trillion Cubic Feet Residential Billion Cubic Meters 11. Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in the United States, 1999 Figure

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8 8 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 79,992 145,140 1.61 170,006 0.87 1 0.02 36,245 0.77 40,088 1.29 27,898 0.92 249,371 1.25 A r k a n s a s Arkansas - Table 44 44. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Arkansas, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 3,988 4,020 3,700 3,900 3,650 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 161,390 182,895 172,642 159,769 156,798 From Oil Wells........................................... 33,979 41,551 38,145 29,941 20,362 Total.............................................................

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4 4 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: -63,607 74,224 0.83 462,967 2.36 0 0.00 17,634 0.37 30,529 0.98 27,667 0.91 150,054 0.75 A l a s k a Alaska - Table 42 42. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Alaska, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 100 102 141 148 99 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 179,470 183,747 179,534 182,993 177,640 From Oil Wells........................................... 3,190,433 3,189,837 3,201,416 3,195,855 3,184,441 Total.............................................................

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Energy Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1998 Appendix - Table A7 State 1997 1998 Sales Transported Total Sales Transported Total A7. Number of Natural Gas Residential Consumers by State, 1997-1998 Table Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." Please see the cautionary note regarding the number of residential customers located in the Consumption and Consumer Prices sections of this report. Alabama ...................... 781,711 0 781,711 788,464 0 788,464 Alaska.......................... 83,596 0 83,596 86,243 0 86,243 Arizona ........................ 724,911 0 724,911 764,167 0 764,167 Arkansas ..................... 544,460 0 544,460 550,017 0 550,017 California .....................

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0 0 · Residential consumers continue to pay the highest price for natural gas. The average price of natural gas deliveries to the residential sector declined by 2 percent ($0.12 per thousand cubic feet) from $6.94 in 1997 to $6.82 per thousand cubic feet in 1998, which was the smallest decrease of any of the consuming sectors. In recent years, only modest changes in constant dollars have been seen for residential prices (Figure 14). Most of these consumers remain captive to LDC sales ser- vice in all but a few States. The LDCs are obligated to supply gas to residences at all times, including during heating seasons when demand is high. Providing this premium service usually results in higher prices. · The second-highest prices for natural gas deliveries were seen in the commercial sector. The average price paid by commercial consumers fell 5 percent ($0.31 per thousand cubic feet) from

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8 8 A4. Estimated Composition of Liquids Extracted at Natural Gas Processing Plants and the Resulting Heat Content Extraction Loss by State, 1998 (Liquid Volumes in Thousand Barrels, Heat Content in Billion Btu) Table Alabama ...................... 22 1,141 172 826 1,036 13,496 Alaska.......................... 0 1,319 3,490 9,724 19,356 150,419 Arkansas ..................... 39 51 29 110 137 1,536 California ..................... 18 2,159 2,523 1,377 2,274 34,826 Colorado...................... 6,345 5,096 875 2,205 2,946 65,730 Florida ......................... 546 521 0 335 157 5,856 Illinois .......................... 0 22 0 0 37 255 Kansas ........................ 6,605 14,223 2,450 4,751 4,823 127,491 Kentucky ..................... 274 823 79 275 211 6,476 Louisiana ..................... 33,494 29,514 9,727 10,370 18,252 384,288 Michigan ......................

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2 2 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: N e w J e r s e y 564,194 206,898 2.30 0 0.00 0 0.00 209,399 4.43 32,650 1.05 163,759 5.37 612,707 3.08 New Jersey - Table 71 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed...............

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0 0 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 95,207 42,278 0.49 0 0.00 6 0.12 16,461 0.36 15,589 0.48 11,477 0.38 85,811 0.44 R h o d e I s l a n d Rhode Island - Table 86 86. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Rhode Island, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells...........................................

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1995 Total .............. 17,282,032 6,461,596 23,743,628 3,565,023 388,392 283,739 19,506,474 1996 Total .............. 17,737,334 6,376,201 24,113,536 3,510,753 a 518,425 272,117 19,812,241 1997 Total .............. 17,844,046 6,368,631 24,212,677 3,491,542 598,691 256,351 19,866,093 1998 Total .............. R 17,719,241 R 6,376,965 R 24,096,206 R 3,437,062 R 615,941 R 234,472 R 19,808,731 1999 Total .............. 17,540,919 6,214,427 23,755,345 3,304,594 609,717 245,180 19,595,854 Alabama Total ....... 579,057 7,048 586,105 13,793 23,956 1,085 547,271 Onshore ................ 200,815 7,048 207,863 13,793 14,061 782 179,227 State Offshore....... 212,673 0 212,673 0 9,895 303 202,474 Federal Offshore... 165,570 0 165,570 0 0 0 165,570 Alaska Total........... 177,640 3,184,441 3,362,082 2,892,017 0 7,098 462,967 Onshore ................ 58,738

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9 9 Alabama.................. 6.68 70.5 3.42 21.8 7.62 100.0 2.98 Alaska ..................... 2.18 55.4 1.25 99.1 - - 1.59 Arizona.................... 6.17 82.5 3.43 36.2 5.28 100.0 2.67 Arkansas ................. 5.38 89.3 3.45 9.6 5.03 100.0 2.59 California................. 6.17 57.1 3.34 8.5 4.43 79.0 2.76 Colorado ................. 4.43 97.6 2.82 8.1 2.09 100.0 2.65 Connecticut ............. 6.54 62.8 4.15 55.8 5.11 100.0 2.74 D.C.......................... 7.38 45.9 - - 2.80 100.0 - Delaware................. 7.00 98.8 4.07 16.6 2.91 100.0 2.98 Florida ..................... 6.51 94.5 4.03 5.4 4.56 100.0 3.10 Georgia ................... 3.87 61.0 3.41 23.0 3.98 94.2 2.57 Hawaii ..................... 14.33 100.0 8.21 100.0 - - - Idaho ....................... 4.77 85.9 3.29 2.7 3.58 100.0 - Illinois ...................... 5.20 42.8 4.06 9.1 2.94 100.0 2.41 Indiana

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6 6 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 686,993 301,326 3.35 277,364 1.42 32 0.56 350,735 7.42 51,122 1.64 179,351 5.88 882,566 4.44 M i c h i g a n Michigan - Table 63 63. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Michigan, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 5,258 5,826 6,825 7,000 6,750 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 146,320 201,123 249,291 226,992 226,423 From Oil Wells........................................... 97,547 50,281 62,323 56,748 56,606 Total.............................................................

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Energy Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1998 Conversion Factor (Btu per cubic foot) Production Marketed ................................................... 1,105 1,106 1,109 1,107 1,110 Extraction Loss.......................................... 2,735 2,730 2,721 2,704 2,694 Total Dry Production............................... 1,028 1,027 1,027 1,026 1,031 Supply Dry Production........................................... 1,028 1,027 1,027 1,026 1,031 Receipts at U.S. Borders Imports ................................................... 1,022 1,021 1,022 1,023 1,023 Intransit Receipts ................................... 1,022 1,021 1,022 1,023 1,023 Withdrawals from Storage Underground Storage............................. 1,028 1,027 1,027 1,026 1,031 LNG Storage .......................................... 1,028

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5 5 Alabama.................. 6.65 80.5 3.30 23.1 1.98 100.0 2.58 Alaska ..................... 2.41 49.6 1.34 99.4 - - 1.80 Arizona.................... 6.00 85.0 3.26 33.4 4.46 100.0 2.42 Arkansas ................. 5.16 90.8 3.48 9.1 5.35 100.0 2.29 California................. 6.37 48.7 3.77 9.5 4.23 76.5 2.79 Colorado ................. 4.34 94.3 2.61 12.1 2.09 100.0 2.98 Connecticut ............. 6.90 68.7 4.34 55.8 5.21 100.0 2.44 D.C.......................... 7.36 52.3 - - 2.60 100.0 - Delaware................. 7.05 100.0 4.13 22.4 2.60 100.0 2.89 Florida ..................... 6.41 96.6 3.98 7.0 4.72 100.0 2.27 Georgia ................... 6.00 83.6 3.92 25.3 4.10 100.0 3.21 Hawaii ..................... 14.15 100.0 8.64 100.0 - - - Idaho ....................... 4.62 86.4 3.09 2.5 3.39 100.0 - Illinois ...................... 5.07 47.4 3.96 9.3 2.76 100.0 2.25 Indiana

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1994 Total................................. 15,513,667 - 1.85 19,709,525 36,535,940 1995 Total................................. 15,557,464 - 1.55 19,506,474 30,159,545 1996 Total................................. 14,822,258 - 2.17 R 19,812,241 R 42,951,353 1997 Total................................. R 17,105,855 - 2.32 R 19,866,093 R 46,131,323 1998 Total................................. 17,653,795 - 1.94 19,645,554 38,205,887 Alabama .................................... 563,779 1,237,275 2.19 563,779 1,237,274 Alaska ....................................... 192,982 254,039 1.32 466,648 614,291 Arizona ...................................... 411 775 1.88 457 861 Arkansas c .................................. 61,012 239,053 3.92 188,372 738,061 California ................................... 264,810 521,970 1.97 315,277

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fin ished aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

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Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1999 Southern California Gas Co ..................... CA 275,767,714 6.50 Pacific Gas and Elec Co........................... CA 234,195,449 6.61 Nicor Gas ................................................. IL 211,147,988 4.71 Consumers Energy Co ............................. MI 167,318,229 4.89 Michigan Consol Gas Co.......................... MI 134,432,032 5.42 Pub Svc Elec and Gas Co........................ NJ 133,426,119 6.86 East Ohio Gas Co .................................... OH 127,141,913 5.81 Keyspan Energy Del Co ........................... NY 125,709,092 9.79 Columbia Gas Dist Co.............................. KY,PA,MD,OH 121,011,064 7.32 Peoples Gas Lt and Coke Co................... IL 98,758,164 6.77 Pub Svc Co of Colorado........................... CO 84,115,032 5.28

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6 6 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 205,093 45,750 0.51 1,395 0.01 0 0.00 40,588 0.86 4,555 0.15 27,586 0.90 118,478 0.60 N e b r a s k a Nebraska - Table 68 68. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Nebraska, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 87 88 91 95 96 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 1,557 1,328 1,144 1,214 1,040 From Oil Wells........................................... 683 548 526 480 356 Total............................................................. 2,240 1,876

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1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 163,837 165,146 166,474 167,223 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 291,773 298,541 301,811 R 310,971 316,373 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 17,351,060 17,282,032 R 17,737,334 17,844,046 17,558,621 From Oil Wells........................................... 6,229,645 6,461,596 R 6,376,201 6,368,631 6,365,612 Total............................................................. 23,580,706 23,743,628 R 24,113,536 24,212,677 23,924,233 Repressuring ................................................ -3,230,667 -3,565,023 R -3,510,753 -3,491,542 -3,433,323

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2 2 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION Washington, D.C. 20585 Form Approved OMB No. 19050175 Expiration Date: 12/31/02 (Revised 1999) ANNUAL REPORT OF NATURAL AND SUPPLEMENTAL GAS SUPPLY AND DISPOSITION FORM EIA-176 REPORT YEAR This report is mandatory under the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275). For the provisions concerning the confidentiality of information and sanctions statements, see Sections VII and VIII of the instructions. PART I: IDENTIFICATION Complete and return by March 1, 2000 to: Energy Information Administration: EI-45 Mail Station: 2G-024 FORSTL U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 20585 Attn: Form EIA-176 OR Fax to: (202) 586-1076 (ATTN: EIA-176) Questions? Call (202) 586-6303 Affix mailing label or enter mailing address

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8 8 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: W y o m i n g -864,676 54,259 0.62 761,313 3.88 10 0.20 12,702 0.28 271 0.01 10,414 0.35 77,656 0.40 Wyoming - Table 97 97. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Wyoming, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 10,879 12,166 12,320 13,562 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 3,942 4,196 4,510 5,160 5,166 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 949,343 988,671 981,115 1,043,797

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9 9 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 0 20 40 60 80 100 1968 1978 1988 1998 Wellhead Price Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet Dollars per Thousand Cubic Meters 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Trillion Cubic Feet Billion Cubic Meters 1968 1978 1988 1998 Net Imports 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 0 -0.2 -0.4 -0.6 0 10 20 0 -10 -20 Trillion Cubic Feet Billion Cubic Meters 1968 1978 1988 1998 Net Additions to Storage Millions 0 5 10 15 20 25 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 Trillion Cubic Feet Billion Cubic Meters Dry Production 1968 1978 1988 1998 Sources: 1960-1975: Bureau of Mines, Minerals Yearbook, "Natural Gas" chapter. 1976-1978: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Reports, Natural Gas Annual. 1979: EIA, Natural Gas Production and Consumption, 1979. 1980-1994: EIA, Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Forms EIA-191/FERC-8,

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Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1999 209 Summary of Data Collection Operations and Report Methodology The 1999 data for the Natural Gas Annual are taken primarily from Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supple- mental Gas Supply and Disposition" and Form EIA-895, "Monthly Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Report ." Each of these surveys and all other sources of data for this report are discussed separately in the following sections. Form EIA-176 Survey Design The original version of Form EIA-176 was approved in 1980 with a mandatory response requirement. Prior to 1980, published data were based on voluntary responses to Bureau of Mines, U.S. Department of the Interior predecessor Forms BOM-6-1340-A and BOM-6-1341-A of the same title. In 1982, the scope of the revised EIA-176 survey was expanded to collect the number of electric

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Energy Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1998 State Volume of Natural Gas Delivered to Processing Plants (million cubic feet) Total Liquids Extracted (thousand barrels) Extraction Loss Located Within the State Located Outside of the State Total Processed Volume (million cubic feet Estimated Heat Content (billion Btu) Alabama ...................... 105,708 3,137 108,845 3,756 4,783 15,572 Alaska.......................... 2,966,461 0 2,966,461 33,889 40,120 150,419 Arkansas ..................... 198,148 4 198,152 365 451 1,536 California ..................... 235,558 0 235,558 8,351 10,242 34,826 Colorado...................... 424,984 766 425,750 17,541 24,401 66,018 Florida ......................... 5,037 0 5,037 967 939 3,632 Illinois .......................... 468 0 468 59 70 255 Kansas ........................ 600,453 2,170 602,623

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32 32 Table A6. Estimated Total Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves by State, 1994-1998 (Billion Cubic Feet) State 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Alabama .................................... 4,830 4,868 5,033 4,968 NA Alaska ....................................... 9,733 9,497 9,294 10,562 NA Arkansas ................................... 1,607 1,563 1,470 1,475 NA California ................................... 2,402 2,243 2,082 2,273 NA Colorado.................................... 6,753 7,256 7,710 6,828 NA Florida ....................................... 98 92 96 96 NA Kansas ...................................... 9,156 8,571 7,694 6,989 NA Kentucky ................................... 969 1,044 983 1,364 NA Louisiana ................................... 9,748 9,274 9,543 9,673 NA Michigan .................................... 1,323 1,294 2,061 2,195

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0 0 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interregion Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: Middle Atlantic Middle Atlantic - Table 36 36. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Middle Atlantic, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 2,042 1,679 1,928 2,076 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 26,180 37,159 38,000 38,423 27,479 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 140,444 128,677 152,494 95,525 84,756 From Oil Wells...........................................

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Energy Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1999 2 occurred in 1973 at 22.6 trillion cubic feet. Four States continue to account for the majority of the natural gas produced in the United States comprising 74 percent of the total in 1999: Texas (31 percent), Louisiana (27 percent), Oklahoma (8 percent), and New Mexico (8 percent). At the State level in 1999, Texas and Oklahoma had the largest declines in marketed production, 282 billion cubic feet and 74 billion cubic feet, respectively. These volumes were equivalent to a 4-percent drop in each State. Marketed production in Louisiana in 1999 was nearly the same as in 1998, while production in New Mexico increased by 1 percent. The States with the largest increases in marketed production during 1999 were Cali- fornia and Wyoming, with increases of 67 billion cubic feet (21 percent) and 62 billion cubic feet (8 percent), respectively.

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Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1998 Southern California Gas Co......................... 271,780,410 110,726,162 278,809,422 1,818,869 138,826,184 801,961,047 Pacific Gas and Elec Co.............................. 225,881,609 152,010,740 174,660,660 530,262 125,268,956 678,352,227 Midcon Texas P L Operator Inc................... 0 0 552,267,806 0 109,741,739 662,009,545 Lone Star Gas Co ........................................ 84,559,915 39,926,208 265,224,831 0 172,286,535 561,997,489 Northern Illinois Gas Co .............................. 205,099,056 82,609,756 133,712,245 2,251 48,524,867 469,948,175 Columbia Gas Dist Co ................................. 151,708,989 89,151,761 177,068,077 18,365 833,281 418,780,473 Pub Svc Elec and Gas Co ........................... 126,142,540 110,995,082 142,801,508

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9 9 B1. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas in the United States, Metric Equivalents, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 298,541 301,811 310,971 R 316,929 307,449 Production (million cubic meters) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 489,373 502,265 505,287 R 501,753 496,704 From Oil Wells........................................... 182,972 180,554 180,340 R 180,576 175,973 Total............................................................. 672,345 682,819 685,627 R 682,329 672,677 Repressuring ................................................ -100,950 -99,413 -98,869 R -97,327 -93,576 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed............... -10,998 -14,680 -16,953 R -17,442 -17,265 Wet After Lease Separation .........................

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9 9 Alabama .................................... 2.89 3.48 3.65 3.17 3.21 Alaska ....................................... 1.67 1.58 1.81 1.72 1.32 Arizona ...................................... 2.10 2.78 3.15 2.55 2.72 Arkansas ................................... 2.32 2.76 3.23 2.94 2.81 California ................................... 2.03 2.59 2.98 2.38 2.61 Colorado.................................... 2.65 2.70 2.92 2.40 2.31 Connecticut ............................... 4.70 5.11 5.11 5.06 4.91 Delaware ................................... 2.70 3.68 3.53 3.02 3.45 Florida ....................................... 2.74 3.73 3.97 3.42 3.49 Georgia ..................................... 2.96 3.77 3.98 3.51 2.95 Hawaii ....................................... 5.20 6.05 6.42 5.33 5.62 Idaho .........................................

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9 9 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 380,767 126,799 1.41 0 0.00 111 1.95 71,704 1.52 6,693 0.21 50,735 1.66 256,042 1.29 W a s h i n g t o n Washington - Table 88 88. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Washington, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................

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8 8 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 362,128 141,980 1.63 0 0.00 59 1.16 115,946 2.57 16,348 0.50 81,316 2.71 355,650 1.83 W i s c o n s i n Wisconsin - Table 96 96. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Wisconsin, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells...........................................

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8 8 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interregion Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: New England - Table 35 New England 35. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas New England, 1994-1998 Table 568,143 210,342 2.42 0 0.00 89 1.75 163,483 3.62 45,073 1.38 156,146 5.21 575,132 2.95 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells...........................................

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8 8 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 308,654 133,106 1.53 0 0.00 112 2.21 61,936 1.37 13,352 0.41 45,561 1.52 254,067 1.30 W a s h i n g t o n Washington - Table 94 94. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Washington, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells...........................................

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8 8 Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1999 Year Supply Disposition Dry Production Withdrawals from Storage Imports Balancing Item Total Additions to Storage Exports Consumption Total 1930 ....................... 1,903,771 NA 21 -35,490 1,868,302 NA 1,798 1,866,504 1,868,302 1931 ....................... 1,659,614 NA 44 -35,466 1,624,192 NA 2,231 1,621,961 1,624,192 1932 ....................... 1,541,982 NA 38 -37,808 1,504,212 NA 1,693 1,502,519 1,504,212 1933 ....................... 1,548,393 NA 83 -41,199 1,507,277 NA 2,158 1,505,119 1,507,277 1934 ....................... 1,763,606 NA 68 -45,075 1,718,599 NA 5,801 1,712,798 1,718,599 1935 ....................... 1,913,475 NA 106 -41,074 1,872,507 11,294 6,800 1,854,413 1,872,507 1936 ....................... 2,164,413 NA 152 -46,677 2,117,888 10,998 7,436 2,099,454 2,117,888

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9 9 A2. Form EIA-895 Figure U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Energy Information Administration Washington, D.C. 20585 Form Approval OMB No. 19050192 Expiration Date: 12/31/02 (Revised 1999) MONTHLY QUANTITY AND VALUE OF NATURAL GAS REPORT FORM EIA-895 This report is voluntary under Public Law 93-275. For the provisions concerning the confidentiality of information and sanctions, see Sections VI and VII of the instructions. PART I. IDENTIFICATION DATA 1. Name of State Reporting 2. Report Period: Month Year 2 0 3. Name of Office/Agency Complete and return forms to: Energy Information Administration, EI-45 Mail Station: 2G-024 FORSTL Washington, D. C. 20585 Attn: EIA-895 OR Fax to: (202) 586-1076 Questions? Call (202) 586-6119 4. Office Address (Street, City, State, Zip Code)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fin ished aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

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5 5 Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1998 Glossary Balancing Item: Represents differences between the sum of the components of natural gas supply and the sum of the components of natural gas disposition. These differ- ences may be due to quantities lost or to the effects of data-reporting problems. Reporting problems include dif- ferences due to the net result of conversions of flow data metered at varying temperature and pressure bases and converted to a standard temperature and pressure base; the effect of variations in company accounting and billing practices; differences between billing cycle and calendar period time frames; and imbalances resulting from the merger of data-reporting systems that vary in scope, for- mat, definitions, and type of respondents. Biomass Gas: A medium Btu gas containing methane and carbon dioxide, resulting from the action

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3 3 Consumption Total natural gas consumption declined during 1998 to 21.3 trillion cubic feet, 3 percent below the 1997 and 1996 levels. Warmer-than-normal winter temperatures in 1998 reduced the demand for natural gas for space heating in the residen- tial and commercial sectors. These declines during 1998 were partially offset by the increase in natural gas consump- tion by electric utilities. Since 1992, natural gas has accounted for nearly one-quarter of total energy consump- tion in the United States. · The residential sector had the largest decline (463 bil- lion cubic feet) in natural gas demand with 4.5 trillion cubic feet consumed, down 9 percent from the 1997 level and down 14 percent from the 1996 level. Much of the decline may be attributed to warmer-than-normal temperatures during the heating season (November through March) and the effects from El Nino in the Pacific region

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1998 1998 Alabama .................................... 3.44 2.89 3.48 3.65 3.17 Alaska ....................................... 1.62 1.67 1.58 1.81 1.72 Arizona ...................................... 2.53 2.10 2.78 3.15 2.55 Arkansas ................................... 2.54 2.32 2.76 3.23 2.94 California ................................... 2.57 2.03 2.59 2.98 2.38 Colorado.................................... 3.31 2.65 2.70 2.92 2.40 Connecticut ............................... 4.17 4.70 5.11 5.11 5.06 Delaware ................................... 2.95 2.70 3.68 3.53 3.02 Florida ....................................... 2.78 2.74 3.73 3.97 3.42 Georgia ..................................... 3.54 2.96 3.77 3.98 3.51 Hawaii ....................................... 4.94 5.20 6.05 6.42 5.33 Idaho .........................................

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8 8 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 96,715 147,313 1.70 188,372 0.96 1 0.02 38,190 0.84 40,576 1.25 28,062 0.94 254,142 1.31 A r k a n s a s Arkansas - Table 50 50. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Arkansas, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 1,607 1,563 1,470 1,475 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 3,500 3,988 4,020 3,700 3,900 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 161,967 161,390 182,895 172,642

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Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." Constant dollars: Prices were converted to 1999 dollars using the...

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476 California... 59 378 54 346 53 340 53 360 60 414 Colorado ... 93 456 94 451 97 425 98 469 91 473 Connecticut ... 97 985 95 945 101 1,017 93 961 81 854...

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in 1997 to 3.14 in 1998. This decline was influenced by the decrease in the wellhead price that occurred during the same period. Electric utility prices reflect natural gas...

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... 10,645,798 1,438,606 NA 810,276 8,396,916 340,068 8,056,848 0.09 1954 ... 10,984,850 1,518,737 NA 723,567 8,742,546 354,348 8,388,198 0.10...

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Sources: West Virginia, 1998: Energy Information Administration (EIA), U.S. Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Natural Gas Liquids Reserves, Annual Reports, DOEEIA-0216; and EIA...

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Energy Information Administration Natural Gas Annual 1998 B1. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas in the United States, Metric Equivalents, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997...

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Energy Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1998 1 Overview During 1998, the natural gas industry showed modest declines in both production and end-use consumption. Pro- duction decreased slightly, by 1 percent, to 18.7 trillion cubic feet. Consumption fell in nearly every end use sector, contributing to an overall drop of 3 percent. Declines in consumption were seen in the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors. These decreases were somewhat offset by an increase in deliveries to electric utilities, attributed in part to the warmer-than-normal summer weather seen during 1998. Natural gas prices also fell in 1998 from the wellhead to every end use sector except vehicle fuel. Imports took on a greater role in meeting supply during 1998, contributing a 15-percent share of U.S. gas con- sumption, compared with a 5-percent share in the early 1980's. Underground

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5 5 13. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in the United States, 1995-1999 Figure 0 2 4 6 8 10 0 30 60 90 120 150 180 210 240 270 300 330 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet Dollars per Thousand Cubic Meters O n s y s t e m C o m m e r c i a l R e s i d e n t i a l O n s y s t e m I n d u s t r i a l O n s y s t e m V e h i c l e F u e l E l e c t r i c U t i l i t i e s Note: Onsystem sales deliveries represent 66.1 percent of commercial deliveries, 17.4 percent of industrial deliveries, and 85.6 percent of vehicle fuel deliveries in 1999. Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition" and Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC- 423, "Monthly Report of Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Plants." Cautionary Note: Number of Residential Consumers The Energy Information Administration

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6 6 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 217,377 102,770 1.18 1,067 0.01 38 0.75 34,417 0.76 28,883 0.89 25,986 0.87 192,094 0.99 O r e g o n Oregon - Table 84 84. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Oregon, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... NA NA NA NA NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 19 17 18 17 15 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 4,200 2,520 1,743 1,382 1,263 From Oil Wells...........................................

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8 8 Southern California Gas Co ..................... CA 269,739,909 7.31 Pacific Gas and Elec Co........................... CA 224,402,286 6.32 Northern Illinois Gas Co ........................... IL 196,608,329 4.63 Consumers Pwr Co .................................. MI 153,128,350 4.92 Columbia Gas Dist Co.............................. OH,KY,PA,MD 138,064,908 7.21 Pub Svc Elec and Gas Co........................ NJ 126,142,540 6.61 Michigan Consol Gas Co.......................... MI 125,456,377 5.35 East Ohio Gas Co .................................... OH 117,574,196 6.21 Peoples Gas Lt and Coke Co................... IL 89,685,006 6.81 Atlanta Gas Lt Co ..................................... GA 89,103,601 6.69 Lone Star Gas Co..................................... TX 84,559,915 5.95 Brooklyn Union Gas Co............................ NY

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4 4 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interregion Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 1,000,412 436,075 4.85 609,243 3.11 31 0.55 433,483 9.18 74,241 2.38 282,912 9.28 1,226,742 6.17 West North Central West North Central - Table 32 32. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas West North Central, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 22,277 21,669 21,755 21,253 17,820 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 655,917 648,822 638,038 552,800 505,882 From Oil Wells........................................... 134,776 133,390 118,776 120,981

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Energy Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1999 A1. Comparison of Electric Utility Natural Gas Consumption Data by State, 1999 (Million Cubic Feet) Table State Form EIA-176 Form EIA-759 Difference MDP a Alabama ............................................ 17,039 20,918 3,879 22.8 Alaska ............................................... 29,720 30,529 810 2.7 Arizona .............................................. 51,577 50,875 -702 1.4 Arkansas ........................................... 38,197 40,088 1,891 5.0 California ........................................... 141,730 144,655 2,924 2.1 Colorado............................................ 20,048 19,155 -893 4.7 Connecticut ....................................... 13,704 13,095 -609 4.7 Delaware ........................................... 19,587 19,878 292 1.5

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0 0 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 472,632 126,891 1.46 5,796 0.03 84 1.65 14,102 0.31 281,346 8.64 37,659 1.26 460,082 2.36 F l o r i d a Florida - Table 56 56. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Florida, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 98 92 96 96 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells...........................................

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Alabama .................................... 3,526 4,105 4,156 4,171 4,204 Alaska ....................................... 100 102 141 148 99 Arizona ...................................... 7 7 8 8 8 Arkansas ................................... 3,988 4,020 3,700 3,900 3,650 California ................................... 997 978 930 847 1,152 Colorado.................................... 7,017 8,251 12,433 13,838 9,678 Illinois ........................................ 372 370 372 185 300 Indiana ...................................... 1,347 1,367 1,458 1,479 1,498 Kansas ...................................... 22,020 21,388 21,500 21,000 17,568 Kentucky ................................... 13,311 13,501 13,825 R 14,381 14,750 Louisiana ................................... 14,169 15,295 14,958 18,399 16,717 Maryland ...................................

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Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1999 55 13. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in the United States, 1995-1999 Figure 0 2 4 6 8 10 0 30 60 90 120 150 180 210 240 270 300 330 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet Dollars per Thousand Cubic Meters O n s y s t e m C o m m e r c i a l R e s i d e n t i a l O n s y s t e m I n d u s t r i a l O n s y s t e m V e h i c l e F u e l E l e c t r i c U t i l i t i e s Note: Onsystem sales deliveries represent 66.1 percent of commercial deliveries, 17.4 percent of industrial deliveries, and 85.6 percent of vehicle fuel deliveries in 1999. Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition" and Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC- 423, "Monthly Report of Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Plants." Cautionary Note: Number

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9 9 Consumption - Table 18 State 1998 1999 Sales Transported Total Sales Transported Total 18. Number of Natural Gas Residential Consumers by State, 1998-1999 Table Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." Please see the cautionary note regarding the number of residential customers located in the Consumption and Consumer Prices sections of this report. Alabama ...................... 788,464 0 788,464 775,311 0 775,311 Alaska.......................... 86,243 0 86,243 88,924 0 88,924 Arizona ........................ 764,167 0 764,167 802,469 0 802,469 Arkansas ..................... 550,017 0 550,017 554,121 0 554,121 California ..................... 9,177,195 4,733 9,181,928 9,318,830

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fin ished aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

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Energy Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1999 12. Supplemental Gas Supplies by State, 1999 (Million Cubic Feet) Table State Synthetic Natural Gas Propane- Air Refinery Gas Biomass Gas Other Total Alabama ...................... 0 4 0 0 0 4 Colorado...................... 0 10 0 0 a 4,517 4,526 Connecticut ................. 0 31 0 0 0 31 Georgia........................ 0 12 0 0 0 12 Hawaii.......................... 2,752 0 0 0 0 2,752 Illinois .......................... 0 14 2,513 0 0 2,527 Indiana......................... 0 0 0 0 b 5,442 5,442 Iowa............................. 0 12 0 0 0 12 Kentucky ..................... 0 3 0 0 0 3 Maine........................... 0 43 0 0 0 43 Maryland ..................... 0 498 0 0 0 498 Massachusetts ............ 0 134 0 0 0 134 Michigan ...................... 0 0 0 0 c 20,896 20,896 Minnesota.................... 0 64 0 0 0 64

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8 8 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 18. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 1998 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 19. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Utilities, 1998 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure Sources: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC-423, "Monthly Report of Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Plants," and Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental

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1998 1998 Alabama ...................... 46,544 23,084 97,052 2 12,423 179,106 Alaska.......................... 15,617 27,079 75,474 0 28,961 147,130 Arizona ........................ 36,100 31,577 27,688 152 39,077 134,593 Arkansas ..................... 38,190 24,208 128,768 1 40,128 231,296 California ..................... 549,931 239,363 533,172 2,732 4,472 1,329,670 Colorado...................... 110,839 61,339 50,714 9 8,417 231,318 Connecticut ................. 35,120 23,888 15,721 36 10,606 85,371 D.C. ............................. 13,249 5,629 0 0 0 18,878 Delaware ..................... 7,755 5,590 15,149 2 10,769 39,265 Florida ......................... 14,102 36,827 52,694 84 273,858 377,565 Georgia........................ 107,398 43,554 23,578 12 26,058 200,601 Hawaii.......................... 535 1,747 62 0 0 2,343 Idaho ...........................

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6 6 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 82,678 28,157 0.32 457 0.00 152 2.99 36,100 0.80 38,674 1.19 31,788 1.06 134,871 0.69 A r i z o n a Arizona - Table 49 49. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Arizona, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... NA NA NA NA NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 6 7 7 8 8 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 711 470 417 398 429 From Oil Wells...........................................

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4 4 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interregion Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 2,382,220 1,344,142 14.95 384,006 1.96 3,489 61.37 678,764 14.37 174,639 5.61 323,946 10.63 2,524,982 12.70 Pacific Contiguous Pacific Contiguous - Table 37 37. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Pacific Contiguous, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 1,014 996 947 862 1,171 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 96,329 88,173 80,182 82,360 91,397 From Oil Wells........................................... 289,430 313,581 318,852 316,472

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8 8 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 31,164 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.08 13,249 0.29 0 0.00 16,862 0.56 30,115 0.15 District of Columbia District of Columbia - Table 55 55. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas District of Columbia, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells...........................................

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1998 1998 Alabama Florida ...................................................................... 0 455,199 -455,199 Georgia .................................................................... 0 1,511,671 -1,511,671 Louisiana.................................................................. 0 b 1 -1 Mississippi................................................................ 2,868,594 b * 2,868,594 Oklahoma................................................................. 0 b * * South Carolina ......................................................... 0 b 7 -7 Tennessee ............................................................... 395 1,103,063 -1,102,668 Texas ....................................................................... 0 b 1 -1 Total ........................................................................

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8 8 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 330,620 104,610 1.20 0 0.00 32 0.63 110,449 2.44 7,738 0.24 82,345 2.75 305,174 1.57 M i n n e s o t a Minnesota - Table 70 70. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Minnesota, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells...........................................

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0 0 Year Supply Disposition Dry Production Withdrawals from Storage Imports Balancing Item Total Additions to Storage Exports Consumption Total 1930 ....................... 1,903,771 NA 21 -35,490 1,868,302 NA 1,798 1,866,504 1,868,302 1931 ....................... 1,659,614 NA 44 -35,466 1,624,192 NA 2,231 1,621,961 1,624,192 1932 ....................... 1,541,982 NA 38 -37,808 1,504,212 NA 1,693 1,502,519 1,504,212 1933 ....................... 1,548,393 NA 83 -41,199 1,507,277 NA 2,158 1,505,119 1,507,277 1934 ....................... 1,763,606 NA 68 -45,075 1,718,599 NA 5,801 1,712,798 1,718,599 1935 ....................... 1,913,475 NA 106 -41,074 1,872,507 11,294 6,800 1,854,413 1,872,507 1936 ....................... 2,164,413 NA 152 -46,677 2,117,888 10,998 7,436 2,099,454 2,117,888 1937 ....................... 2,403,273 NA 289 -52,157 2,351,405

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2 2 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: N e w J e r s e y 524,707 204,791 2.36 0 0.00 0 0.00 196,658 4.35 30,996 0.95 146,653 4.89 579,099 2.97 New Jersey - Table 77 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................

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8 8 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 240,980 106,497 1.23 0 0.00 0 0.00 50,786 1.12 12,418 0.38 36,427 1.21 206,129 1.06 North Carolina North Carolina - Table 80 80. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas North Carolina, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells...........................................

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9 9 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 218,232 101,368 1.13 72,189 0.37 42 0.74 69,189 1.46 23,457 0.75 61,500 2.02 255,556 1.29 V i r g i n i a Virginia - Table 87 87. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Virginia, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 1,671 1,671 2,046 2,388 2,752 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 49,818 54,290 58,249 57,263 72,189 From Oil Wells........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................

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9 9 Alabama.............. 6.86 100.0 7.22 100.0 8.35 100.0 8.21 100.0 8.34 100.0 Alaska ................. 3.63 100.0 3.42 100.0 3.77 100.0 3.67 100.0 3.64 100.0 Arizona................ 7.82 100.0 7.52 100.0 7.83 100.0 8.50 100.0 9.13 100.0 Arkansas ............. 5.48 100.0 5.92 100.0 6.67 100.0 6.85 100.0 7.22 100.0 California............. 6.42 99.4 6.44 99.3 6.81 99.2 6.92 99.3 6.62 99.3 Colorado ............. 4.80 100.0 4.39 100.0 4.81 100.0 5.22 100.0 5.38 100.0 Connecticut ......... 10.00 100.0 10.08 100.0 10.33 100.0 10.60 100.0 10.54 100.0 D.C...................... 8.03 100.0 9.19 100.0 9.39 100.0 8.91 99.6 8.70 93.2 Delaware............. 6.60 100.0 7.12 100.0 8.36 100.0 8.90 100.0 8.63 100.0 Florida ................. 9.85 99.4 10.74 99.3 11.90 99.2 11.29 99.3 11.59 99.2 Georgia ............... 6.18 100.0 6.69 100.0 7.41 100.0 6.78 99.9 4.37 60.2 Hawaii .................

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2 2 A1. Form EIA-176 Figure Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1998 213 EIA-176, ANNUAL REPORT OF NATURAL AND SUPPLEMENTAL GAS SUPPLY AND DISPOSITION, 19 PART IV: SUPPLY OF NATURAL AND SUPPLEMENTAL GAS RECEIVED WITHIN OR TRANSPORTED INTO REPORT STATE RESPONDENT COPY Page 2 PART III: TYPE OF COMPANY AND GAS ACTIVITIES OPERATED IN THE REPORT STATE 1.0 Type of Company (check one) 1.0 Control No. 2.0 Company Name 3.0 Report State 4.0 Resubmittal EIA Date: a b c d e Investor owned distributor Municipally owned distributor Interstate pipeline Intrastate pipeline Storage operator f g h i j SNG plant operator Integrated oil and gas Producer Gatherer Processor k Other (specify) 2.0 Gas Activities Operated On-system Within the Report State (check all that apply) a b c d e Produced Natural Gas

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0 0 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 1,791,454 1,109,359 12.34 382,715 1.95 3,327 58.52 568,496 12.03 144,655 4.65 244,701 8.03 2,070,537 10.41 C a l i f o r n i a California - Table 45 45. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas California, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 997 978 930 847 1,152 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 93,808 86,431 78,800 81,097 89,842 From Oil Wells........................................... 289,430 313,581 318,852 316,472 342,372 Total.............................................................

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Energy Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1998 10 nearly 59 percent of U.S. marketed production. In all, 32 States reported measureable production in 1998. · U.S. offshore production decreased slightly during 1998, declining 88 billion cubic feet (1 percent) from the 1997 level, to 5.8 trillion cubic feet. Offshore gross withdrawals accounted for 24 percent of the total U.S. gross withdrawals in 1998. Of the five States with off- shore gross withdrawals of natural gas, two showed declines: Texas had a decrease of 104 billion cubic feet (8 percent), and Alabama had a decrease of 16 bil- lion cubic feet (4 percent). These two States also had declines in onshore production during the same period. Alaska, California, and Louisiana, the remain- ing three States with offshore gross withdrawals of natural gas, showed increases in offshore production ranging from 1 percent

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6 6 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interregion Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 1,577,567 697,640 8.03 241,145 1.23 204 4.02 379,628 8.40 366,270 11.24 312,424 10.42 1,756,166 9.02 South Atlantic South Atlantic - Table 39 39. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas South Atlantic, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 4,496 4,427 4,729 5,388 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 41,307 37,822 36,827 33,054 41,468 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells.........................................

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Energy Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1998 Alabama.............. 5,043 19.8 5,213 19.9 5,470 18.9 11,432 35.3 5,009 19.5 Alaska ................. 0 - 5,019 20.1 9,990 36.6 12,241 45.5 13,649 50.4 Arizona................ 2,709 9.3 3,282 11.6 4,309 14.9 4,662 15.5 4,777 15.0 Arkansas ............. 1,351 4.9 1,104 4.0 1,550 5.0 1,699 5.8 2,576 9.2 California............. 134,346 51.3 133,483 47.9 106,531 45.3 125,836 49.6 144,864 51.3 Colorado ............. 3,403 5.2 3,863 5.8 4,702 6.8 4,998 7.2 3,573 5.7 Connecticut ......... 7,455 19.1 6,836 18.0 5,193 13.1 7,709 18.1 13,270 31.3 D.C...................... 1,343 9.1 3,954 23.2 4,823 29.5 8,122 45.1 8,045 47.7 Florida ................. 861 2.2 988 2.4 1,204 2.9 932 2.5 1,281 3.4 Georgia ............... 4,304 8.0 3,663 6.5 3,646 5.9 6,211 10.9 9,078 16.4 Idaho ................... 1,427 14.1 1,450 14.0 1,543

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2 2 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 267,998 105,950 1.22 0 0.00 1 0.02 68,901 1.52 5,947 0.18 43,027 1.43 223,826 1.15 I o w a Iowa - Table 62 62. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Iowa, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................

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0 0 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 6,597 2,550 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 957 0.02 0 0.00 2,547 0.08 6,054 0.03 M a i n e Maine - Table 60 60. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Maine, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0

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243 243 Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1998 Selected Natural Gas and Related Reports Recurring Natural Gas Reports · Natural Gas Monthly, DOE/EIA-0130. Published monthly. Other Reports Covering Natural Gas, Natural Gas Liquids, and Other Energy Sources · Monthly Energy Review, DOE/EIA-0035. Published monthly. Provides national aggregate data for natural gas, natural gas liquids, and other energy sources. · Short-Term Energy Outlook, DOE/EIA-0202. Published quarterly. Provides forecasts for next six quarters for nat- ural gas and other energy sources. · U.S. Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Natural Gas Liquids Reserves -1997 Annual Report, DOE/EIA-0216(97)/Ad- vance Summary, September 1998. · Annual Energy Review 1998, DOE/ EIA-0384(98), July 1999. Published annually. · Annual Report to Congress 1998, DOE/ EIA-0173(98), April 1999. Published

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4 4 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 35,391 5,607 0.06 1,620 0.01 1 0.02 11,646 0.26 2,865 0.09 9,264 0.31 29,383 0.15 South Dakota South Dakota - Table 88 88. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas South Dakota, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... NA NA NA NA NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 55 56 61 60 59 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 1,000 848 905 687 772 From Oil Wells...........................................

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Energy Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1998 A1. Comparison of Electric Utility Natural Gas Consumption Data by State, 1998 (Million Cubic Feet) Table State Form EIA-176 Form EIA-759 Difference MDP a Alabama ............................................ 26,165 25,546 -618 2.4 Alaska ............................................... 28,961 28,784 -177 0.6 Arizona .............................................. 39,137 38,674 -463 1.2 Arkansas ........................................... 40,150 40,576 426 1.1 California ........................................... 323,664 271,154 -52,510 19.4 Colorado............................................ 8,894 10,627 1,733 19.5 Connecticut ....................................... 10,655 10,719 64 0.6 Delaware ........................................... 10,828 11,135 307 2.8

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Energy Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1999 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-895, "Monthly Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Report," and the United States Minerals Management Service. None 1-15,000 15,001-100,000 100,001-200,000 200,001-500,000 500,001 and over 4. Marketed Production of Natural Gas in the United States, 1999 (Million Cubic Feet) Figure 5. Marketed Production of Natural Gas in Selected States, 1995-1999 Figure T e x a s L o u i s i a n a O k l a h o m a N e w M e x i c o W y o m i n g C o l o r a d o K a n s a s A l a b a m a A l a s k a C a l i f o r n i a A l l O t h e r S t a t e s 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Trillion Cubic Feet Billion Cubic Meters 95 96 97 98 99 Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-895, "Monthly Quantity and Value

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Natural Natural Gas Annual 1999 11. Underground Natural Gas Storage Capacity by State, December 31, 1999 (Capacity in Billion Cubic Feet) Table State Salt Caverns Aquifers Depleted Fields Total Number of Active Fields Capacity Number of Active Fields Capacity Number of Active Fields Capacity Number of Active Fields Capacity Percent of U.S. Capacity Alabama ................. 1 3 0 0 0 0 1 3 0.04 Arkansas ................ 0 0 0 0 2 24 2 24 0.29 California................ 1 2 0 0 8 386 9 388 4.72 Colorado ................ 0 0 0 0 9 100 9 100 1.21 Illinois ..................... 0 0 17 745 13 153 30 899 10.92 Indiana ................... 0 0 17 95 11 19 28 113 1.38 Iowa ....................... 0 0 4 273 0 0 4 273 3.32 Kansas ................... 1 4 0 0 17 298 18 301 3.66 Kentucky ................ 0 0 3 10 22 210 25 220 2.67 Louisiana................ 6 34 0 0 8 530 14 564 6.85 Maryland ................ 0 0 0 0 1 62 1 62 0.75

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18 18 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 977,570 306,110 3.40 195 0.00 47 0.83 445,217 9.42 40,716 1.31 188,520 6.18 980,610 4.93 I l l i n o i s Illinois - Table 54 54. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Illinois, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 372 370 372 185 300 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 325 289 224 203 189 From Oil Wells........................................... 10 9 7 6 6 Total............................................................. 335 298 231 209 195 Repressuring

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4 4 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: -881,315 198,110 2.28 1,644,531 8.37 109 2.15 66,521 1.47 174,577 5.36 43,800 1.46 483,117 2.48 O k l a h o m a Oklahoma - Table 83 83. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Oklahoma, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 13,487 13,438 13,074 13,439 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 29,121 29,733 29,733 R 29,734 30,101 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 1,626,858

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8 8 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: -132,916 49,807 0.57 178,023 0.91 5 0.10 29,664 0.66 417 0.01 24,986 0.83 104,879 0.54 West Virginia West Virginia - Table 95 95. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas West Virginia, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 2,565 2,499 2,703 2,846 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 39,830 36,144 35,148 31,000 39,072 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 183,773 186,231

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Energy Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1998 18 movements to and from every State in the two regions reflect a significant drop in throughput volumes. · Over the past several years, coalbed gas production has been increasing in Wyoming and areas adjacent to the Rocky Mountains, and several pipelines have ex- panded to accommodate the growth in productive capacity. Interstate natural gas flows in 1998 in the several States in the region not only reflect the greater production but also the expanded pipeline capacity on such systems as the KN Interstate Pipeline (with its new Pony Express line) and the Trailblazer System, both completed during the latter months of 1997. These two pipelines bring gas from the Rocky Moun- tain area to markets from Denver to Chicago. Imports and Exports Highlights of the developments in natural gas import and export crossborder trade during

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2 2 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 766,728 332,955 3.83 108,542 0.55 432 8.51 296,576 6.56 7,663 0.24 156,630 5.22 794,255 4.08 O h i o Ohio - Table 82 82. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Ohio, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 1,094 1,054 1,113 985 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 34,731 34,520 34,380 34,238 34,098 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 132,151 126,336 119,251 116,246

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1999 1999 1 9 7 2 1 9 7 4 1 9 7 6 1 9 7 8 1 9 8 0 1 9 8 2 1 9 8 4 1 9 8 6 1 9 8 8 1 9 9 0 1 9 9 2 1 9 9 4 1 9 9 6 1 9 9 8 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 Percent 7. Net Imports as a Percentage of Total Consumption of Natural Gas, 1972-1999 Figure Sources: 1972-1975: Bureau of Mines, Minerals Yearbook, "Natural Gas" chapter. 1976-1978: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Reports, Natural Gas Annual. 1979: EIA, Natural Gas Production 1979. 1980-1989: EIA, Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Form EIA-759, "Monthly Power Plant Report"; and Form FPC-14, "Annual Report for Importers and Exporters of Natural Gas"; 1990: EIA, Form EIA-176, Form EIA-759, Form FPC-14, and Form EIA-64A, "Annual Report of the Origin of Natural Gas Liquids Production"; 1991-1994: EIA, Form EIA-176, Form EIA-759, Form FPC-14, Form EIA-64A,

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0 0 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interregion Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: -6,165,908 3,151,091 35.05 13,172,300 67.22 184 3.24 318,867 6.75 1,737,554 55.81 263,862 8.65 5,471,557 27.52 West South Central West South Central - Table 35 35. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas West South Central, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 102,525 102,864 105,139 111,136 110,057 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 11,824,788 12,182,369 12,102,607 R 12,034,615 11,738,276 From Oil Wells...........................................

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7 7 98. Quantity and Average Price of Natural Gas Production in the United States, 1930-1998 (Volumes in Million Cubic Feet, Prices in Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Table Year Gross Withdrawals Used for Repressuring Nonhydro- carbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Extraction Loss Dry Production Average Wellhead Price of Marketed Production 1930 ...................... NA NA NA NA 1,978,911 75,140 1,903,771 0.08 1931 ...................... NA NA NA NA 1,721,902 62,288 1,659,614 0.07 1932 ...................... NA NA NA NA 1,593,798 51,816 1,541,982 0.06 1933 ...................... NA NA NA NA 1,596,673 48,280 1,548,393 0.06 1934 ...................... NA NA NA NA 1,815,796 52,190 1,763,606 0.06 1935 ...................... NA NA NA NA 1,968,963 55,488 1,913,475 0.06 1936 ...................... 2,691,512 73,507 NA 392,528 2,225,477 61,064 2,164,413

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80 80 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interregion Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: -6,144,473 3,290,856 37.89 13,439,527 68.41 120 2.36 351,740 7.78 1,776,122 54.51 265,515 8.85 5,684,353 29.20 West South Central West South Central - Table 41 41. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas West South Central, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 88,034 88,734 62,357 62,348 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 94,233 102,525 102,864 R 105,139 111,136 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells.........................................

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1999 1999 66 New England .................................... 170,809 2,010,577 136,563 210,094 256,496 12,372 Middle Atlantic .................................. 821,578 8,883,339 667,203 808,589 743,879 23,366 East North Central ............................ 1,393,303 12,651,969 690,776 1,049,640 1,404,685 79,100 West North Central ........................... 433,483 4,826,886 282,912 513,380 436,075 24,472 South Atlantic ................................... 389,544 6,027,575 309,295 640,635 721,597 17,540 East South Central ........................... 185,413 2,852,538 135,022 302,161 557,539 8,276 West South Central .......................... 318,867 5,997,832 263,862 529,890 3,151,091 11,533 Mountain........................................... 314,177 4,218,179 209,836 373,944 300,024 11,414 Pacific Contiguous............................

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An An overhead view of a natural gas processing plant. Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1998 66 New England .................................... 163,483 1,980,506 156,146 202,286 210,342 15,556 Middle Atlantic .................................. 754,098 8,863,194 612,992 799,672 687,745 29,303 East North Central ............................ 1,282,157 12,433,376 649,117 1,030,125 1,351,611 63,863 West North Central ........................... 422,855 4,859,806 277,411 523,570 465,837 29,837 South Atlantic ................................... 379,628 5,794,996 312,424 526,487 697,640 16,213 East South Central ........................... 186,321 2,836,854 131,922 311,731 517,935 10,713 West South Central .......................... 351,740 5,990,194 265,515 543,636 3,290,856 14,326 Mountain...........................................

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Workmen perform maintenance on this offshore natural gas drilling platform. Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1998 209 Summary of Data Collection Operations and Report Methodology The 1998 data for the Natural Gas Annual are taken primarily from Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supple- mental Gas Supply and Disposition" and Form EIA-895, "Monthly Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Report ." Each of these surveys and all other sources of data for this report are discussed separately in the following sections. Form EIA-176 Survey Design The original version of Form EIA-176 was approved in 1980 with a mandatory response requirement. Prior to 1980, pub- lished data were based on voluntary responses to Bureau of Mines, U.S. Department of the Interior predecessor Forms BOM-6-1340-A and BOM-6-1341-A of the same title. In 1982, the

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4 4 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 0 463 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 524 0.01 0 0.00 1,749 0.06 2,735 0.01 H a w a i i Hawaii - Table 52 52. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Hawaii, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon

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4 4 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: -65,951 75,947 0.87 466,648 2.38 0 0.00 15,617 0.35 28,784 0.88 27,079 0.90 147,426 0.76 A l a s k a Alaska - Table 48 48. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Alaska, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 9,733 9,497 9,294 10,562 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 104 100 102 141 148 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 180,639 179,470 183,747 179,534 182,993 From

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9 9 Consumer Prices Following the trend in wellhead prices, end-use consumers paid lower prices for natural gas in 1998 than in 1997. Price declines ranged from 2 percent in the residential sector to 14 percent in the electric utility sector. Consumers in the New England Census Division, which comprises six States (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont), paid the highest prices in all end-use sectors. Residential customers in New England paid $9.59 per thousand cubic feet in 1998, virtually the same as the $9.57 price paid the previous year, with prices in the individual States ranging from $6.54 to $10.60 per thousand cubic feet. New England also paid the highest prices for natural gas deliveries to commercial, industrial, and electric utility consumers where prices averaged $7.18, $4.79, and $2.90 per thousand cubic feet, respectively. Industrial

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fin ished aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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4 4 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: -80,882 111,143 1.28 603,586 3.07 0 0.00 70,217 1.55 36,896 1.13 41,788 1.39 260,044 1.34 K a n s a s Kansas - Table 63 63. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Kansas, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 9,156 8,571 7,694 6,989 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 19,365 22,020 21,388 21,500 21,000 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 628,900 636,582 629,755 618,016

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4 4 Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1999 Southern California Gas Co......................... 277,719,484 114,941,064 269,458,175 2,169,770 82,219,615 746,508,108 Pacific Gas and Elec Co.............................. 236,015,345 109,165,123 173,522,808 743,788 40,977,372 560,424,436 Lone Star Gas Co ........................................ 69,066,379 47,818,632 278,167,278 0 127,909,424 522,961,713 Nicor Gas..................................................... 222,803,478 91,585,840 137,592,440 5,656 37,794,659 489,782,073 Midcon Texas P L Operator Inc................... 0 0 365,563,289 0 114,011,139 479,574,428 Columbia Gas Dist Co ................................. 167,055,264 94,607,073 180,274,855 11,992 445,223 442,394,407 Pub Svc Elec and Gas Co ........................... 133,426,119 124,790,684

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2 2 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 238,205 64,868 0.75 0 0.00 6 0.12 110,779 2.45 16,035 0.49 61,995 2.07 253,682 1.30 M i s s o u r i Missouri - Table 72 72. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Missouri, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... NA NA NA NA NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 12 15 24 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 8 16 25 5 0 From Oil Wells...........................................

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1 1 13. Consumption of Natural Gas by State, 1995-1999 (Million Cubic Feet) Table 1995 Total................................. 19,660,161 792,315 427,853 700,335 21,580,665 1996 Total................................. 20,005,508 799,629 450,033 711,446 21,966,616 1997 Total................................. 20,004,012 776,306 426,873 751,470 21,958,660 1998 Total................................. 19,469,047 R 773,049 401,314 635,477 R 21,278,888 1999 Total................................. 19,882,247 677,655 399,509 735,078 21,694,489 Alabama .................................... 295,414 9,954 5,336 22,109 332,813 Alaska ....................................... 150,054 224,355 41,149 4,475 420,033 Arizona ...................................... 142,216 35 0 18,570 160,821 Arkansas ................................... 249,371

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Energy Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1999 Glossary Aquifer Storage Field: A sub-surface facility for storing natural gas consisting of water-bearing sands topped by an impermeable cap rock. Balancing Item: Represents differences between the sum of the components of natural gas supply and the sum of the components of natural gas disposition. These differ- ences may be due to quantities lost or to the effects of data-reporting problems. Reporting problems include differences due to the net result of conversions of flow data metered at varying temperature and pressure bases and converted to a standard temperature and pressure base; the effect of variations in company accounting and billing practices; differences between billing cycle and calendar period time frames; and imbalances resulting from the merger of data-reporting systems that vary in scope, format,

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9 9 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Note: Commercial prices include natural gas delivered for use as vehicle fuel. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 16. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Residential Consumers, 1999 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure

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4 4 · Regulated utilities began to sell their electric generation operations to nonregulated power producers in 1998. Fifty were sold during the year, with a relatively large number fueled by natural gas. It is anticipated that this is the beginning of a trend that will continue as the restruc- turing of the electric utility industry proceeds. Natural gas consumption at these facilities was previously included in electric utility consumption but is now included in industrial consumption. The inclusion of nonutility gas consumption in the industrial sector somewhat offset the decline in consumption by man- ufacturing groups that are intensive natural gas users. · Natural gas deliveries to electric utilities rose by 290 billion cubic feet to 3.3 trillion cubic feet, 10 percent above the 1997 level. Sustained periods of very high summer temperatures in the Southwest region,

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6 6 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 153,537 53,053 0.61 1,695 0.01 0 0.00 40,771 0.90 5,044 0.15 28,911 0.96 127,779 0.66 N e b r a s k a Nebraska - Table 74 74. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Nebraska, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... NA NA NA NA NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 87 87 88 91 95 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 2,093 1,557 1,328 1,144 1,214 From Oil Wells...........................................

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6 6 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interregion Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 1,566,960 721,597 8.03 254,154 1.30 209 3.68 389,544 8.25 415,634 13.35 309,295 10.14 1,836,280 9.24 South Atlantic South Atlantic - Table 33 33. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas South Atlantic, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 37,822 36,827 33,054 41,468 39,335 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 236,072 224,264 230,634 R 237,327 248,222 From Oil Wells........................................... 7,133 6,706 6,907 6,547 6,702 Total.............................................................

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2 2 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interregion Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: -1,908,113 324,585 3.74 3,294,184 16.77 577 11.36 317,559 7.03 156,010 4.79 211,438 7.05 1,010,169 5.19 Mountain Mountain - Table 42 42. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Mountain, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 37,366 39,275 38,944 38,505 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 38,539 38,775 41,236 49,573 52,282 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells.........................................

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2 2 134,395 102,324 1.18 0 0.00 1 0.02 25,430 0.56 5,893 0.18 19,828 0.66 153,476 0.79 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: South Carolina South Carolina - Table 87 87. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas South Carolina, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells...........................................

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6 6 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 186,793 93,217 1.07 81,868 0.42 4 0.08 55,545 1.23 5,760 0.18 32,464 1.08 186,990 0.96 K e n t u c k y Kentucky - Table 64 64. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Kentucky, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 969 1,044 983 1,364 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 13,036 13,311 13,501 13,825 13,825 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 73,081 74,754 81,435 79,547

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4 4 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 0 373 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 535 0.01 0 0.00 1,747 0.06 2,654 0.01 H a w a i i Hawaii - Table 58 58. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Hawaii, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................

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2 2 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interregion Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 3,436,498 1,404,685 15.62 387,923 1.98 564 9.92 1,393,303 29.49 124,675 4.00 690,776 22.66 3,614,003 18.18 East North Central East North Central - Table 31 31. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas East North Central, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 41,497 41,943 42,893 42,762 42,530 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 273,230 321,023 366,288 336,352 331,007 From Oil Wells........................................... 97,557 50,290 62,330

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8 8 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: -1,874,900 1,952,355 21.72 6,117,653 31.22 2 0.04 175,907 3.72 1,207,293 38.78 171,758 5.63 3,507,315 17.64 T e x a s Texas - Table 84 84. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Texas, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 54,635 53,816 56,747 58,736 58,712 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 5,660,153 5,843,635 5,865,930 R 5,913,517 5,645,379 From Oil Wells........................................... 1,212,503 1,184,565 1,150,211 R 1,055,912

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0 0 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 508,613 140,740 1.57 5,933 0.03 82 1.44 13,797 0.29 319,274 10.25 36,269 1.19 510,162 2.57 F l o r i d a Florida - Table 50 50. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Florida, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells........................................... 7,133 6,706 6,907 6,547 6,702 Total............................................................. 7,133 6,706 6,907 6,547 6,702

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4 4 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: Massachusetts Massachusetts - Table 62 62. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Massachusetts, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed...............

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80 80 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 43,788 45,501 0.52 277,340 1.41 136 2.68 56,843 1.26 5,945 0.18 30,955 1.03 139,380 0.72 U t a h Utah - Table 91 91. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Utah, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 1,789 1,580 1,633 1,839 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 1,303 1,127 1,339 1,475 1,643 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 304,347 262,400 233,594 231,368 253,761

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4 4 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: -229,385 96,739 1.08 553,419 2.82 1 0.02 68,146 1.44 35,889 1.15 39,683 1.30 240,458 1.21 K a n s a s Kansas - Table 57 57. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Kansas, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 22,020 21,388 21,500 21,000 17,568 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 636,582 629,755 618,016 532,594 488,328 From Oil Wells........................................... 86,807 85,876 71,037 72,626 66,590 Total.............................................................

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40 40 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: -18,588 120,201 1.34 111,021 0.57 1 0.02 24,562 0.52 101,623 3.26 20,265 0.66 266,652 1.34 M i s s i s s i p p i Mississippi - Table 65 65. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Mississippi, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 535 568 560 527 560 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 113,401 117,412 119,347 120,588 121,004 From Oil Wells........................................... 6,051 6,210 7,276 8,628 5,750 Total.............................................................

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fin ished aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


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8 8 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 612,249 231,362 2.66 68,343 0.35 40 0.79 217,929 4.82 6,890 0.21 130,996 4.37 587,218 3.02 P e n n s y l v a n i a Pennsylvania - Table 85 85. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Pennsylvania, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 1,800 1,482 1,696 1,852 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 20,296 31,025 31,792 32,692 21,576 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 120,506

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9 9 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: W y o m i n g -920,258 38,475 0.43 823,132 4.20 14 0.25 12,106 0.26 167 0.01 9,834 0.32 60,596 0.30 Wyoming - Table 91 91. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Wyoming, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 4,196 4,510 5,160 5,166 4,950 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 988,671 981,115 1,043,797 1,029,403 1,091,320 From Oil Wells........................................... 111,442 109,434 109,318 132,044 108,918 Total.............................................................

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2 2 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interregion Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: -2,004,469 300,024 3.34 3,398,146 17.34 470 8.27 314,177 6.65 177,649 5.71 209,836 6.88 1,002,157 5.04 Mountain Mountain - Table 36 36. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Mountain, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 38,775 41,236 49,573 52,282 46,259 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 3,131,205 3,166,689 3,333,043 3,346,183 3,480,946 From Oil Wells........................................... 503,986 505,903 513,267 525,236 478,387

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6 6 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 1,021,660 251,591 2.90 16,699 0.09 457 9.00 339,512 7.51 208,348 6.39 335,343 11.18 1,135,250 5.83 N e w Y o r k New York - Table 79 79. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas New York, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 242 197 232 224 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 5,884 6,134 6,208 5,731 5,903 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 19,937 17,677 17,494 15,525

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0 0 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 11,621 78,640 0.91 108,068 0.55 1 0.02 24,847 0.55 76,362 2.34 21,358 0.71 201,209 1.03 M i s s i s s i p p i Mississippi - Table 71 71. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Mississippi, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 650 663 631 582 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 583 535 568 560 527 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 112,205 113,401 117,412 119,347 120,588

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6 6 New England .................................... 170,809 2,010,577 136,563 210,094 256,496 12,372 Middle Atlantic .................................. 821,578 8,883,339 667,203 808,589 743,879 23,366 East North Central ............................ 1,393,303 12,651,969 690,776 1,049,640 1,404,685 79,100 West North Central ........................... 433,483 4,826,886 282,912 513,380 436,075 24,472 South Atlantic ................................... 389,544 6,027,575 309,295 640,635 721,597 17,540 East South Central ........................... 185,413 2,852,538 135,022 302,161 557,539 8,276 West South Central .......................... 318,867 5,997,832 263,862 529,890 3,151,091 11,533 Mountain........................................... 314,177 4,218,179 209,836 373,944 300,024 11,414 Pacific Contiguous............................

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8 8 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 121,071 28,662 0.33 9 0.00 33 0.65 30,023 0.66 60,937 1.87 23,314 0.78 142,970 0.73 N e v a d a Nevada - Table 75 75. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Nevada, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 5 5 4 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells........................................... 16 13 11 9 9 Total.............................................................

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3 3 Con Edison Co of New York Inc............... NY 102,311,001 3.84 Pub Svc Elec and Gas Co........................ NJ 73,839,186 3.05 Southern California Gas Co ..................... CA 62,380,076 5.55 Pacific Gas and Elec Co........................... CA 58,692,831 6.82 Keyspan Energy Del Co ........................... NY 53,162,984 6.07 Minnegasco .............................................. MN 52,910,769 4.25 Entex Div of Noram Energy Corp ............. TX,LA,MS 47,337,378 4.81 Lone Star Gas Co..................................... TX 45,843,050 4.67 Consumers Energy Co ............................. MI 45,391,308 4.50 Michigan Consol Gas Co.......................... MI 41,336,416 5.38 Pub Svc Co of Colorado........................... CO 39,230,403 4.47 Columbia Gas Dist Co.............................. KY,PA,MD,OH 35,550,535 6.78

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8 8 Industrial 8,686,147 44.6% Commercial 2,999,491 15.4% Electric Utilities 3,258,054 16.7% Residential 4,520,276 23.2% Note: Vehicle fuel volume for 1998 was 5,079 million cubic feet. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." T e x a s L o u i s i a n a C a l i f o r n i a A l l O t h e r S t a t e s 0 1 2 3 4 5 0 30 60 90 120 Trillion Cubic Feet Industrial Billion Cubic Meters T e x a s L o u i s i a n a F l o r i d a A l l O t h e r S t a t e s 0 1 2 3 4 5 0 30 60 90 120 Trillion Cubic Feet Electric Utilities Billion Cubic Meters N e w Y o r k C a l i f o r n i a I l l i n o i s A l l O t h e r S t a t e s 0 1 2 3 4 5 0 30 60 90 120 Trillion Cubic Feet Commercial Billion Cubic Meters C a l i f o r n i a I l l i n o i s N e w Y o r k A l l O t h e r S t a t e s 0 1 2 3 4 5 0 30 60 90 120 Trillion Cubic Feet Residential Billion Cubic Meters 11. Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in the United States, 1998 Figure

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96 96 Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1999 92. Quantity and Average Price of Natural Gas Production in the United States, 1930-1999 (Volumes in Million Cubic Feet, Prices in Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Table Year Gross Withdrawals Used for Repressuring Nonhydro- carbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Extraction Loss Dry Production Average Wellhead Price of Marketed Production 1930 ...................... NA NA NA NA 1,978,911 75,140 1,903,771 0.08 1931 ...................... NA NA NA NA 1,721,902 62,288 1,659,614 0.07 1932 ...................... NA NA NA NA 1,593,798 51,816 1,541,982 0.06 1933 ...................... NA NA NA NA 1,596,673 48,280 1,548,393 0.06 1934 ...................... NA NA NA NA 1,815,796 52,190 1,763,606 0.06 1935 ...................... NA NA NA NA 1,968,963 55,488 1,913,475 0.06 1936 ......................

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8 8 12. Supplemental Gas Supplies by State, 1998 (Million Cubic Feet) Table State Synthetic Natural Gas Propane- Air Refinery Gas Biomass Gas Other Total Alabama ...................... 0 2 0 0 0 2 Colorado...................... 0 6 0 0 a 5,285 5,292 Connecticut ................. 0 33 0 0 0 33 Georgia........................ 0 16 0 0 0 16 Hawaii.......................... 2,715 0 0 0 0 2,715 Illinois .......................... 0 50 2,686 0 0 2,736 Indiana......................... 0 716 0 0 b 2,433 3,149 Iowa............................. 0 17 0 0 0 17 Kentucky ..................... 0 2 0 0 0 2 Maine........................... 0 24 0 0 0 24 Maryland ..................... 0 80 0 0 0 80 Massachusetts ............ 0 68 0 0 0 68 Michigan ...................... 0 0 0 0 c 21,967 21,967 Minnesota.................... 0 50 0 0 0 50 Missouri ....................... 0 40 0 0 0 40 Nebraska .....................

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1999 1999 90 39. Percent Distribution of Natural Gas Supply and Disposition by State, 1999 Table State Marketed Production Total Consumption Alabama.................................................................. 2.79 1.53 Alaska ..................................................................... 2.36 1.94 Arizona.................................................................... 0 0.74 Arkansas ................................................................. 0.87 1.20 California................................................................. 1.95 9.89 Colorado ................................................................. 3.77 1.46 Connecticut............................................................. 0 0.61 D.C..........................................................................

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6 6 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interregion Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: -63,607 74,687 0.83 462,967 2.36 0 0.00 18,158 0.38 30,529 0.98 29,416 0.96 152,789 0.77 Pacific Noncontiguous Pacific Noncontiguous - Table 38 38. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Pacific Noncontiguous, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 100 102 141 148 99 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 179,470 183,747 179,534 182,993 177,640 From Oil Wells........................................... 3,190,433 3,189,837 3,201,416 3,195,855

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the the Gulf of Mexico. Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1998 90 45. Percent Distribution of Natural Gas Supply and Disposition by State, 1998 Table State Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) Marketed Production Total Consumption Alabama.................................................................. NA 2.87 1.54 Alaska ..................................................................... NA 2.38 2.05 Arizona.................................................................... NA 0 0.73 Arkansas ................................................................. NA 0.96 1.28 California................................................................. NA 1.61 9.48 Colorado ................................................................. NA 3.54 1.47 Connecticut .............................................................

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4 4 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 24,315 21,416 0.25 57,645 0.29 9 0.18 19,172 0.42 522 0.02 12,952 0.43 54,071 0.28 M o n t a n a Montana - Table 73 73. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Montana, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 717 782 796 762 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 2,940 2,918 2,990 3,071 3,423 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 44,350 44,370 45,154 46,613 51,774 From Oil Wells...........................................

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8 8 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 33,635 0 0.00 0 0.00 9 0.16 14,147 0.30 0 0.00 17,837 0.59 31,993 0.16 District of Columbia District of Columbia - Table 49 49. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas District of Columbia, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................

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Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1999 9. Summary of U.S. Natural Gas Imports and Exports, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Imports Volume (million cubic feet) Pipeline Canada............................. 2,816,408 2,883,277 2,899,152 3,052,073 3,367,545 Mexico.............................. 6,722 13,862 17,243 14,532 54,530 Total Pipeline Imports....... 2,823,130 2,897,138 2,916,394 3,066,605 3,422,075 LNG Algeria .............................. 17,918 35,325 65,675 68,567 75,763 Australia ........................... 0 0 9,686 11,634 11,904 Malaysia ........................... 0 0 0 0 2,576 Qatar ................................ 0 0 0 0 19,697 Trinidad ............................ 0 0 0 0 50,777 United Arab Emirates ....... 0 4,949 2,417 5,252 2,713 Total LNG Imports............. 17,918 40,274 77,778 85,453 163,430

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1998 1998 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Note: Commercial prices include natural gas delivered for use as vehicle fuel. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 16. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Residential Consumers, 1998 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure

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8 8 Consumption - Table 22 Alabama.................. 0 12,423 12,423 895 12,847 13,742 26,165 Alaska ..................... 20,330 8,631 28,961 0 0 0 28,961 Arizona.................... 3,978 35,098 39,077 0 60 60 39,137 Arkansas ................. 0 40,128 40,128 0 22 22 40,150 California................. 1 4,471 4,472 57,204 261,988 319,192 323,664 Colorado ................. 8,417 0 8,417 222 254 476 8,894 Connecticut ............. 0 10,606 10,606 1 47 49 10,655 Delaware................. 589 10,180 10,769 0 59 59 10,828 Florida ..................... 1,621 272,237 273,858 978 15,525 16,503 290,361 Georgia ................... 21,569 4,489 26,058 0 0 0 26,058 Illinois ...................... 6,158 53,692 59,850 7 0 7 59,857 Indiana .................... 502 3,146 3,649 0 2,435 2,435 6,084 Iowa ........................ 657 7,398 8,055 759 0 759 8,814 Kansas ....................

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2 2 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: -196,610 87,238 1.00 696,321 3.54 13 0.26 110,839 2.45 10,627 0.33 63,132 2.10 271,849 1.40 C o l o r a d o Colorado - Table 52 52. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Colorado, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 6,753 7,256 7,710 6,828 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 7,056 7,017 8,251 12,433 13,838 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 365,651 436,663 488,292

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1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 298,541 301,811 310,971 R 316,929 307,449 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 17,282,032 17,737,334 17,844,046 R 17,719,241 17,540,919 From Oil Wells........................................... 6,461,596 6,376,201 6,368,631 R 6,376,965 6,214,427 Total............................................................. 23,743,628 24,113,536 24,212,677 R 24,096,206 23,755,345 Repressuring ................................................ -3,565,023 -3,510,753 -3,491,542 R -3,437,062 -3,304,594 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed............... -388,392 -518,425 -598,691 R -615,941 -609,717 Wet After Lease Separation ......................... 19,790,213

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78 78 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interregion Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 265,626 517,935 5.96 755,135 3.84 18 0.35 186,321 4.12 113,882 3.50 131,922 4.40 950,078 4.88 East South Central East South Central - Table 40 40. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas East South Central, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 6,449 6,575 6,647 6,914 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 17,184 17,372 18,174 19,046 18,983 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells.........................................

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0 0 Indiana - Table 61 I n d i a n a 540,755 290,973 3.35 615 0.00 67 1.32 140,122 3.10 9,096 0.28 73,117 2.44 513,375 2.64 61. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Indiana, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... NA NA NA NA NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 1,348 1,347 1,367 1,458 1,479 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 107 249 360 526 615 From Oil Wells........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total............................................................. 107 249 360 526 615 Repressuring ................................................ NA NA NA NA NA Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed...............

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Energy Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1999 94. Natural Gas Consumption in the United States, 1930-1999 (Million Cubic Feet) Table Year Lease and Plant Fuel Pipeline Fuel Delivered to Consumers Total Consumption Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Utilities Total 1930 ....................... 648,025 NA 295,700 80,707 721,782 NA 120,290 1,218,479 1,866,504 1931 ....................... 509,077 NA 294,406 86,491 593,644 NA 138,343 1,112,884 1,621,961 1932 ....................... 477,562 NA 298,520 87,367 531,831 NA 107,239 1,024,957 1,502,519 1933 ....................... 442,879 NA 283,197 85,577 590,865 NA 102,601 1,062,240 1,505,119 1934 ....................... 502,352 NA 288,236 91,261 703,053 NA 127,896 1,210,446 1,712,798 1935 ....................... 524,926 NA 313,498 100,187 790,563 NA 125,239 1,329,487 1,854,413

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8 8 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interregion Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: New England - Table 29 New England 29. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas New England, 1995-1999 Table 624,295 256,496 2.85 0 0.00 105 1.85 170,809 3.62 22,057 0.71 136,563 4.48 586,030 2.95 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 11. Underground Natural Gas Storage Capacity by State, December 31, 1998 (Capacity in Billion Cubic Feet) Table State Interstate Companies Intrastate Companies Independent Companies Total Number of Active Fields Capacity Number of Active Fields Capacity Number of Active Fields Capacity Number of Active Fields Capacity Percent of U.S. Capacity Alabama ................. 0 0 1 3 0 0 1 3 0.04 Arkansas ................ 0 0 2 24 0 0 2 24 0.30 California................ 0 0 9 388 0 0 9 388 4.75 Colorado ................ 4 66 5 34 0 0 9 100 1.22 Illinois ..................... 6 259 24 639 0 0 30 899 10.99 Indiana ................... 6 16 22 97 0 0 28 113 1.38 Iowa ....................... 4 273 0 0 0 0 4 273 3.34 Kansas ................... 16 294 2 8 0 0 18 301 3.68 Kentucky ................ 6 167 19 53 0 0 25 220 2.69 Louisiana................ 8 530 5 33 0 0 13 564 6.89 Maryland ................ 1 62 0 0 0 0 1

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6 6 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 703,875 282,036 3.25 278,076 1.42 31 0.61 319,701 7.07 48,321 1.48 163,368 5.45 813,457 4.18 M i c h i g a n Michigan - Table 69 69. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Michigan, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 1,323 1,294 2,061 2,195 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 6,000 5,258 5,826 6,825 7,000 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 136,989 146,320 201,123

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4 4 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: -1,166,885 25,048 0.29 1,501,098 7.64 189 3.72 35,877 0.79 39,034 1.20 27,206 0.91 127,354 0.65 N e w M e x i c o New Mexico - Table 78 78. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas New Mexico, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 17,228 17,491 16,485 15,514 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 23,292 23,510 24,134 27,421 28,200 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 1,381,756

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8 8 1 9 7 2 1 9 7 4 1 9 7 6 1 9 7 8 1 9 8 0 1 9 8 2 1 9 8 4 1 9 8 6 1 9 8 8 1 9 9 0 1 9 9 2 1 9 9 4 1 9 9 6 1 9 9 8 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 Percent 7. Net Imports as a Percentage of Total Consumption of Natural Gas, 1972-1998 Figure Sources: 1972-1975: Bureau of Mines, Minerals Yearbook, "Natural Gas" chapter. 1976-1978: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Reports, Natural Gas An- nual. 1979: EIA, Natural Gas Production 1979. 1980-1989: EIA, Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Form EIA-759, "Monthly Power Plant Report"; and Form FPC-14, "Annual Report for Importers and Exporters of Natural Gas"; 1990: EIA, Form EIA-176, Form EIA-759, Form FPC-14, and Form EIA-64A, "Annual Report of the Origin of Natural Gas Liquids Production"; 1991-1994: EIA, Form EIA-176, Form EIA-759, Form FPC-14, Form EIA-64A, and

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8 8 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: -3,499,743 922,155 10.62 5,287,870 26.92 7 0.14 47,574 1.05 318,395 9.77 24,042 0.80 1,312,174 6.74 L o u i s i a n a Louisiana - Table 65 65. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Louisiana, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 a ..................................... 30,583 30,666 9,543 9,673 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 12,958 14,169 15,295 14,958 18,399 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 4,527,042

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Transmission Transmission Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1999 25 6. Principal Interstate Natural Gas Flow Summary, 1999 Figure 2,000 1,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 0 Billion Cubic Feet = Less than 100 BCF Flow WASHINGTON MONTANA IDAHO WYOMING OREGON CALIFORNIA NEVADA UTAH COLORADO NORTH DAKOTA SOUTH DAKOTA NEBRASKA KANSAS ARIZONA NEW MEXICO OKLAHOMA ARKANSAS MISSOURI IOWA MINNESOTA WISCONSIN MICH PA MD DELAWARE CONNECTICUT RHODE ISLAND MASS NH NJ ILL INDIANA OHIO VIRGINIA WV MAINE NEW YORK VT KY TENN NORTH CAROLINA SOUTH CAROLINA MISS GEORGIA FLORIDA ALA TEXAS LA 26 Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1999 1 9 7 2 1 9 7 4 1 9 7 6 1 9 7 8 1 9 8 0 1 9 8 2 1 9 8 4 1 9 8 6 1 9 8 8 1 9 9 0 1 9 9 2 1 9 9 4 1 9 9 6 1 9 9 8 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 Percent 7. Net Imports as a Percentage of Total Consumption of Natural Gas, 1972-1999 Figure Sources: 1972-1975: Bureau of Mines, Minerals Yearbook, "Natural Gas"

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4 4 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interregion Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 905,377 465,837 5.36 660,086 3.36 42 0.83 422,855 9.35 74,525 2.29 277,411 9.25 1,240,670 6.37 West North Central West North Central - Table 38 38. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas West North Central, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 9,663 9,034 8,156 7,468 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 19,623 22,277 21,669 21,755 21,253 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells.........................................

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6 6 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 41,343 21,075 0.23 0 0.00 2 0.04 8,862 0.19 19,878 0.64 6,119 0.20 55,936 0.28 D e l a w a r e Delaware - Table 48 48. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Delaware, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................

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6 6 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 36,749 16,287 0.19 0 0.00 2 0.04 7,755 0.17 11,135 0.34 5,590 0.19 40,769 0.21 D e l a w a r e Delaware - Table 54 54. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Delaware, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................

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8 8 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: -1,860,130 2,023,278 23.29 6,318,754 32.16 3 0.06 199,454 4.41 1,242,574 38.14 169,610 5.65 3,634,920 18.67 T e x a s Texas - Table 90 90. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Texas, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 42,357 43,067 38,270 37,761 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 48,654 54,635 53,816 56,747 58,736 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 5,643,577

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8 8 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 940,495 303,668 3.50 209 0.00 60 1.18 409,812 9.07 56,337 1.73 174,687 5.82 944,563 4.85 I l l i n o i s Illinois - Table 60 60. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Illinois, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... NA NA NA NA NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 390 372 370 372 185 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 323 325 289 224 203 From Oil Wells...........................................

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6 6 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interregion Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: -65,951 76,319 0.88 466,648 2.38 0 0.00 16,151 0.36 28,784 0.88 28,825 0.96 150,080 0.77 Pacific Noncontiguous Pacific Noncontiguous - Table 44 44. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Pacific Noncontiguous, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 9,733 9,497 9,294 10,562 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 104 100 102 141 148 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells.........................................

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9 9 Alabama Florida ...................................................................... 0 494,657 -494,657 Georgia .................................................................... 0 1,631,329 -1,631,329 Mississippi................................................................ 2,865,222 0 2,865,222 Tennessee ............................................................... 402 992,686 -992,284 Texas ....................................................................... 0 b 1 -1 Total ........................................................................ 2,865,624 3,118,673 -253,049 Alaska Japan ....................................................................... 0 c 63,607 -63,607 Total ........................................................................ 0 63,607 -63,607

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ii ii Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1999 Contacts The Natural Gas Annual is prepared by the Energy Information Administration, Office of Oil and Gas, Natural Gas Division, under the direction of Joan E. Heinkel. General questions and comments concerning the contents of the Natural Gas Annual may be obtained from the National Energy Information Center, (202) 586-8800. Questions about specific areas should be referred to Ann M. Ducca, (202/586-6137) or Margo Natof (202/586-6303). Technical inquiries should be referred to the following subject specialists: Supply............................Sharon Belcher (202) 586-6119 Sbelcher@eia.doe.gov Transmission..................Dolly Tolson (202) 586-6664 Dtolson@eia.doe.gov Consumption..................Sylvia Norris (202) 586-6106 Snorris@eia.doe.gov Electronic versions.........Sheila

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4 4 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 114,838 32,498 0.37 0 0.00 77 1.52 35,329 0.78 10,719 0.33 42,333 1.41 120,955 0.62 C o n n e c t i c u t Connecticut - Table 53 53. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Connecticut, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells...........................................

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fin ished aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

An An overhead pipeline crossing on the White River near Newport, Arkansas. 237 Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1998 Metric and Thermal Conversion Tables Metric Conversions Table B1 presents Summary Statistics for Natural Gas in the United States for 1994 through 1998 in metric units of mea- sure. Volumes are shown in cubic meters instead of cubic feet. Prices are shown in dollars per thousand cubic meters instead of dollars per thousand cubic feet. The data in this ta- ble have been converted from the data that appear in Table 1 of this report. Thermal Conversions Table B2 presents the thermal (Btu) conversion factors and the converted data for natural gas supply and disposition from 1994 through 1998. A brief documentation for the ther- mal conversion factors follows: · Marketed Production. The conversion factor is calcu- lated by adding the total heat content

402

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3 3 100. Natural Gas Consumption in the United States, 1930-1998 (Million Cubic Feet) Table Year Lease and Plant Fuel Pipeline Fuel Delivered to Consumers Total Consumption Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Utilities Total 1930 ....................... 648,025 NA 295,700 80,707 721,782 NA 120,290 1,218,479 1,866,504 1931 ....................... 509,077 NA 294,406 86,491 593,644 NA 138,343 1,112,884 1,621,961 1932 ....................... 477,562 NA 298,520 87,367 531,831 NA 107,239 1,024,957 1,502,519 1933 ....................... 442,879 NA 283,197 85,577 590,865 NA 102,601 1,062,240 1,505,119 1934 ....................... 502,352 NA 288,236 91,261 703,053 NA 127,896 1,210,446 1,712,798 1935 ....................... 524,926 NA 313,498 100,187 790,563 NA 125,239 1,329,487 1,854,413 1936 ....................... 557,404 NA 343,346

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0 0 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 5,734 2,297 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 910 0.02 0 0.00 2,456 0.08 5,663 0.03 M a i n e Maine - Table 66 66. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Maine, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................

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1994 Total .............. 17,351,060 6,229,645 23,580,706 3,230,667 412,178 228,336 19,709,525 1995 Total .............. 17,282,032 6,461,596 23,743,628 3,565,023 388,392 283,739 19,506,474 1996 Total .............. R 17,737,334 R 6,376,201 R 24,113,536 R 3,510,753 a 518,425 272,117 R 19,812,241 1997 Total .............. 17,844,046 6,368,631 24,212,677 3,491,542 R 598,691 R 256,351 R 19,866,093 1998 Total .............. 17,558,621 6,365,612 23,924,233 3,433,323 611,226 234,130 19,645,554 Alabama Total ....... 597,424 8,414 605,839 13,994 26,604 1,462 563,779 Onshore ................ 204,055 8,414 212,470 13,994 14,652 1,166 182,658 State Offshore....... 222,000 0 222,000 0 11,952 296 209,752 Federal Offshore... 171,369 0 171,369 0 0 0 171,369 Alaska Total........... 182,993 3,195,855 3,378,848 2,904,028 0 8,171 466,648 Onshore ................ 57,762

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0 0 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 1,818,366 827,401 9.53 315,277 1.60 2,732 53.79 549,931 12.17 271,154 8.32 282,153 9.41 1,933,371 9.93 C a l i f o r n i a California - Table 51 51. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas California, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 3,572 3,508 2,082 2,273 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 1,261 997 978 930 847 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 113,525 93,808

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8 8 A2. Form EIA-176, Short Form Figure Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1998 219 Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1998 220 5.4.4.2 EIA-176, ANNUAL REPORT OF NATURAL AND SUPPLEMENTAL GAS SUPPLY AND DISPOSITION, 19 RESPO NDENT CO PY Page 3 PART V: CONTINUATION, DISPOSITION OF NATURAL AND SUPPLEMENTAL GAS WITHIN OR TRANSPORTED OUT OF REPORT STATE 1.0 Control No. 2.0 Company Name 3.0 Report State 4.0 Resubmittal EIA Date Volume (Mcf at 14.73 psia) e or f Cost or Revenue (Including taxes) e or f 5.4.4 Other Nonutility Power Producer Sales 5.4.4.1 Firm Interruptible . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.4.5 Electric Utility Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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2 2 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 271,677 64,856 0.72 0 0.00 6 0.11 112,042 2.37 19,427 0.62 63,100 2.07 259,431 1.30 M i s s o u r i Missouri - Table 66 66. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Missouri, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 15 24 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 16 25 5 0 0 From Oil Wells........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total............................................................. 16 25 5 0 0 Repressuring ................................................

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8 8 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interregion Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 216,705 557,539 6.20 736,291 3.76 17 0.30 185,413 3.92 131,592 4.23 135,022 4.43 1,009,583 5.08 East South Central East South Central - Table 34 34. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas East South Central, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 17,372 18,174 19,046 R 19,539 19,934 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 756,345 769,753 818,196 R 799,882 776,831 From Oil Wells........................................... 19,806 19,295 19,248 18,463

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9 9 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 365,058 146,428 1.63 0 0.00 37 0.65 127,607 2.70 14,077 0.45 81,689 2.68 369,839 1.86 W i s c o n s i n Wisconsin - Table 90 90. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Wisconsin, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................

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WA WA MT ID OR WY ND SD CA NV UT CO NE KS AZ NM OK TX MN WI MI IA IL IN OH MO AR MS AL GA TN KY FL SC NC WV MD DE VA PA NJ NY CT RI MA VT NH ME LA HI AK Japan Mexico Mexico Algeria Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Algeria Canada United Arab Emirates Australia Australia Trinidad Qatar Malaysia Canada Mexico Interstate Movements of Natural Gas in the United States, 1999 (Volumes Reported in Million Cubic Feet) Supplemental Data From Volume To From Volume To (T) AL TX MA NH CT RI MD DC DE MD RI MA MA CT VA DC (T) Trucked Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." E I A NERGY NFORMATION DMINISTRATION 837,902 415,636 225,138 232 308,214 805,614 803,034 800,345 685 147 628,589 9,786 790,088 17,369 278,302 40,727 214,076 275,629 51,935 843,280 826,638 9,988 998,603 553,440 896,187 11,817 629,551 98,423

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0 0 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: -22,170 40,859 0.45 262,614 1.34 130 2.29 55,474 1.17 6,478 0.21 30,361 1.00 133,301 0.67 U t a h Utah - Table 85 85. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Utah, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 1,127 1,339 1,475 1,643 1,978 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 262,400 233,594 231,368 253,761 238,947 From Oil Wells........................................... 40,833 47,614 43,552 43,504 38,020 Total.............................................................

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6 6 New England .................................... 163,483 1,980,506 156,146 202,286 210,342 15,556 Middle Atlantic .................................. 754,098 8,863,194 612,992 799,672 687,745 29,303 East North Central ............................ 1,282,157 12,433,376 649,117 1,030,125 1,351,611 63,863 West North Central ........................... 422,855 4,859,806 277,411 523,570 465,837 29,837 South Atlantic ................................... 379,628 5,794,996 312,424 526,487 697,640 16,213 East South Central ........................... 186,321 2,836,854 131,922 311,731 517,935 10,713 West South Central .......................... 351,740 5,990,194 265,515 543,636 3,290,856 14,326 Mountain........................................... 317,559 4,048,727 211,438 361,974 324,585 10,081 Pacific Contiguous............................

413

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Form EIA-759, "Monthly Power Plant Report;" Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC-423, "Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Utility Plants" and Form...

414

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Form EIA-759, "Monthly Power Plant Report;" Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC-423, "Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Utility Plants" and Form...

415

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2 Energy Information Administration Natural Gas Annual 1999 Conversion Factor (Btu per cubic foot) Production Marketed ... 1,106...

416

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survey of companies that deliver gas to consumers (Form EIA-176). The survey asks for the number of residential customers companies serve as sales customers and as customers to...

417

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Figure United States Mexico Canada 64 416 39 800 1364 788 55 61 67 Source: Office of Fossil Energy, U.S. Department of Energy, Natural Gas Imports and Exports. 96 Japan Algeria...

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Figure United States Mexico Canada 66 375 40 880 1112 685 15 53 43 Source: Office of Fossil Energy, U.S. Department of Energy, Natural Gas Imports and Exports. 43 Japan United...

419

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229 Energy Information Administration Natural Gas Annual 1999 Metric and Thermal Conversion Tables Metric Conversions Table B1 presents Summary Statistics for Natural Gas in the...

420

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition", and Form EIA-759, "Monthly Power Plant Report." Cautionary Note: Numbers of Residential Consumers The Energy Information...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fin ished aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

DAKOTA NEBRASKA KANSAS ARIZONA NEW MEXICO OKLAHOMA ARKANSAS MISSOURI IOWA MINNESOTA WISCONSIN MICH PA MD DELAWARE CONNECTICUT RHODE ISLAND MASS NH NJ ILL INDIANA OHIO VIRGINIA WV...

422

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Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Table 2. Natural Gas Production, Transmission, and Consumption by State, 1998 (Million Cubic Feet) Alabama ... 563,779 4,263 -29,996 -200,953 0 478 2 328,091...

423

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1999 Table 2. Natural Gas Production, Transmission, and Consumption by State, 1999 (Million Cubic Feet) Alabama ... 547,271 18,079 56,610 -253,049 0 -55 4 332,813...

424

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Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2 Pub Svc Elec and Gas Co... NJ 71,383,367 2.72 Con Edison Co. of New York Inc... NY 71,235,302 5.13 Southern California Gas Co...

425

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Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99...

426

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 39. Percent Distribution of Natural Gas Supply and Disposition by State, 1999 Table State Marketed Production Total Consumption Alabama......

427

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Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

0 45. Percent Distribution of Natural Gas Supply and Disposition by State, 1998 Table State Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) Marketed Production Total Consumption...

428

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1998 Alabama... 132,073 72.7 156,374 76.6 155,962 77.4 151,727 75.4 153,936 76.9 Alaska ... 25,523 41.6 31,112 47.9 27,026 35.7 1,609 2.2 473 0.6...

429

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9 Alabama... 156,374 76.6 155,962 77.4 151,727 75.4 153,936 76.9 159,663 78.2 Alaska ... 31,112 47.9 27,026 35.7 1,609 2.2 473 0.6 661 0.9...

430

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sum of components due to independent rounding. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and...

431

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0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 0 20 40 60 80 100 1969 1979 1989 1999 Wellhead Price Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet Dollars per Thousand Cubic Meters 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 Trillion Cubic Feet Billion Cubic Meters 1969 1979 1989 1999 Net Imports 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 0 -0.2 -0.4 -0.6 0 10 20 0 -10 -20 Trillion Cubic Feet Billion Cubic Meters 1969 1979 1989 1999 Net Additions to Storage Millions 0 5 10 15 20 25 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 Trillion Cubic Feet Billion Cubic Meters Dry Production 1969 1979 1989 1999 Sources: 1969-1975: Bureau of Mines, Minerals Yearbook, "Natural Gas" chapter. 1976-1978: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Reports, Natural Gas Annual. 1979: EIA, Natural Gas Production and Consumption, 1979. 1980-1994: EIA, Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Forms

432

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1999 1999 Consumption - Table 17 Alabama.............. 7,441 94.7 5,101 93.0 11,194 95.6 25,270 96.6 16,228 95.2 Alaska ................. 8,990 30.3 9,116 29.6 10,972 32.5 8,631 29.8 8,811 29.6 Arizona................ 25,867 99.9 26,662 99.9 31,829 99.4 35,158 89.8 45,742 88.7 Arkansas ............. 23,132 96.2 26,442 94.8 20,213 95.9 40,150 100.0 38,196 100.0 California............. 367,940 90.3 263,937 85.8 315,728 86.6 266,459 82.3 123,196 86.9 Colorado ............. 554 27.8 3,484 72.8 428 8.7 254 2.9 18,269 91.1 Connecticut ......... 16,058 88.1 8,427 83.6 12,677 98.6 10,653 100.0 13,703 100.0 Delaware............. 21,423 79.5 19,088 86.8 13,697 89.6 10,239 94.6 18,552 94.7 Florida ................. 308,563 99.5 269,460 99.6 297,298 99.6 287,762 99.1 328,964 99.5 Georgia ............... 0 - 0 - 0 - 4,489 17.2 23,599 99.5 Illinois .................. 35,703 88.1 24,894

433

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1995 Total................................. 15,557,464 - 1.55 19,506,474 30,159,545 1996 Total................................. 14,822,258 - 2.17 19,812,241 42,951,353 1997 Total................................. 17,105,855 - 2.32 19,866,093 46,131,323 1998 Total................................. 17,653,795 - R 1.95 R 19,808,731 R 38,609,198 1999 Total................................. 18,595,208 - 2.17 19,595,854 42,538,288 Alabama .................................... 547,271 1,262,507 2.31 547,271 1,262,505 Alaska ....................................... 186,727 256,216 1.37 462,967 635,255 Arizona ...................................... 439 915 2.08 474 987 Arkansas c .................................. 54,382 222,852 4.10 170,006 696,670 California ................................... 382,715 904,530 2.36 382,715 904,531

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Energy Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1998 2 utility sector was offset by lower use in the residen- tial and commercial sectors, due to warmer-than- normal temperatures during the winter months. · The residential sector saw the largest decrease (463 billion cubic feet) with 4.5 trillion cubic feet con- sumed, down 9 percent from the 1997 level and 14 percent from the 1996 level. Commercial consump- tion of natural gas was 3.0 trillion cubic feet, a decline of 7 percent from the historical high of 3.2 trillion cubic feet in 1997. During 1998, natural gas consumption by the industrial sector fell to 8.7 trillion cubic feet, 2 percent below the 1997 level. Natural gas delivered to electric utilities rose to 3.3 trillion cubic feet, 10 percent (290 billion cubic feet) above the 1997 level. The increase in this sector was largely driven by utility use of natural gas for

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8 8 Alabama ............................................ - - 2.69 6.5 Alaska ............................................... 1.69 70.2 - - Arizona .............................................. 2.45 10.2 - - Arkansas ........................................... - - 8.71 1.9 California ........................................... 17.65 - 2.07 17.9 Colorado............................................ 2.93 100.0 2.81 46.6 Connecticut ....................................... - - 7.09 3.0 Delaware ........................................... 2.14 5.5 - - Florida ............................................... 3.11 0.6 1.87 5.9 Georgia ............................................. 0.87 82.8 - - Illinois ................................................ 2.59 10.3 5.19 100.0 Indiana ..............................................

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Supply Supply 17 Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 1999 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-895, "Monthly Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Report," and the United States Minerals Management Service. None 1-15,000 15,001-100,000 100,001-200,000 200,001-500,000 500,001 and over 4. Marketed Production of Natural Gas in the United States, 1999 (Million Cubic Feet) Figure 5. Marketed Production of Natural Gas in Selected States, 1995-1999 Figure T e x a s L o u i s i a n a O k l a h o m a N e w M e x i c o W y o m i n g C o l o r a d o K a n s a s A l a b a m a A l a s k a C a l i f o r n i a A l l O t h e r S t a t e s 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Trillion Cubic Feet Billion Cubic Meters 95 96 97 98 99 Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-895, "Monthly Quantity

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2 2 - Natural Gas 1999 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 819,664 330,931 3.68 109,509 0.56 400 7.04 318,214 6.74 11,105 0.36 167,573 5.50 828,223 4.17 O h i o Ohio - Table 76 76. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Ohio, 1995-1999 Table 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 34,520 34,380 34,238 34,098 33,982 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 126,336 119,251 116,246 108,542 103,541 From Oil Wells........................................... 0 0 0 R 6,541 5,968 Total.............................................................

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4 4 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interregion Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 2,344,398 1,063,277 12.24 316,344 1.61 2,881 56.72 646,284 14.30 313,388 9.62 353,701 11.79 2,379,531 12.22 Pacific Contiguous Pacific Contiguous - Table 43 43. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Pacific Contiguous, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 3,572 3,508 2,082 2,273 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 1,280 1,014 996 947 862 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells.........................................

439

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Alabama ............................................ 107,334 3,199 4,263 13,496 Alaska ............................................... 2,966,461 33,889 40,120 150,419 Arkansas ........................................... 198,148 365 451 1,536 California ........................................... 235,558 8,351 10,242 34,826 Colorado............................................ 425,083 17,467 24,365 65,730 Florida ............................................... 8,174 1,559 1,523 5,856 Illinois ................................................ 468 59 70 255 Kansas .............................................. 732,828 32,853 45,801 127,491 Kentucky ........................................... 37,929 1,661 2,263 6,476 Louisiana........................................... 4,610,969 101,358 144,609 384,288 Michigan............................................

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2 2 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interregion Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 3,313,980 1,351,611 15.56 387,442 1.97 649 12.78 1,282,157 28.36 137,766 4.23 649,117 21.64 3,421,300 17.57 East North Central East North Central - Table 37 37. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas East North Central, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 2,417 2,348 3,174 3,180 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 42,469 41,497 41,943 42,893 42,762 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells.........................................

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fin ished aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1998 1998 Consumption - Table 17 Alabama.............. 3,271 89.6 7,441 94.7 5,101 93.0 11,194 95.6 25,270 96.6 Alaska ................. 8,368 29.6 8,990 30.3 9,116 29.6 10,972 32.5 8,631 29.8 Arizona................ 33,188 99.9 25,867 99.9 26,662 99.9 31,829 99.4 35,158 89.8 Arkansas ............. 18,625 95.9 23,132 96.2 26,442 94.8 20,213 95.9 40,150 100.0 California............. 556,557 93.3 367,940 90.3 263,937 85.8 315,728 86.6 266,459 82.3 Colorado ............. 2,685 63.6 554 27.8 3,484 72.8 428 8.7 254 2.9 Connecticut ......... 6,941 88.4 16,058 88.1 8,427 83.6 12,677 98.6 10,653 100.0 Delaware............. 16,120 92.3 21,423 79.5 19,088 86.8 13,697 89.6 10,239 94.6 Florida ................. 182,379 98.9 308,563 99.5 269,460 99.6 297,298 99.6 287,762 99.1 Georgia ............... 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 4,489 17.2 Illinois .................. 32,064 95.4 35,703 88.1 24,894

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NGA_99fin.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 1995 Total................... 4,850,318 54,322,179 3,031,077 4,636,500 8,579,585 209,398 1996 Total................... 5,241,414 55,263,673 3,158,244 4,720,227 8,870,422 206,049 1997 Total................... 4,983,772 56,186,958 3,214,912 4,761,409 8,832,450 238,961 1998 Total................... 4,520,276 57,321,746 2,999,491 5,044,497 8,686,147 231,438 1999 Total................... 4,724,094 58,200,837 3,048,832 5,007,325 8,990,216 230,137 Alabama ...................... 42,647 775,311 27,581 64,185 204,263 2,626 Alaska.......................... 17,634 88,924 27,667 13,409 74,224 9 Arizona ........................ 32,940 802,469 31,333 53,023 27,000 554 Arkansas ..................... 36,245 554,121 27,898 71,389 145,140 1,395 California ..................... 568,496 9,331,206 244,701 416,791 1,109,359 37,266 Colorado......................

443

NGA98fin5.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 - Natural Gas 1998 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: 7,679 2,105 0.02 0 0.00 0 0.00 2,454 0.05 188 0.01 2,979 0.10 7,726 0.04 V e r m o n t Vermont - Table 92 92. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Vermont, 1994-1998 Table 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................

444

International Aviation Security Technology Symposium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

terrorist devices and the impracticability of opening and inspecting them all have become highly is given based on these results. Introduction There is a serious concern that terrorists will attempt. The present research is not interested in "maxed-out" containers, since it is unlikely that terrorist devices

Settles, Gary S.

445

Beginner's Guide to Aviation Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Production Cost Estimation for Direct H2 PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Automotive Applications: 2008 Update March to the U.S. Department of Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office Hydrogen, Fuel Cells fuel cell vehicles have the potential to eliminate the need for oil in the transportation sector. Fuel

446

Microsoft Word - HighlightsFin.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

October 2003 October 2003 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook October 2003 Overview World Oil Markets. EIA's outlook is for world oil prices to remain near $30 per barrel through the coming winter of 2003/2004. Prices remain firm rather than declining primarily because of OPEC's decision to lower oil production quotas. OPEC's decision to cut its production targets reduces the chances for a large end-of-year stockbuild that OPEC feared could undermine oil prices. Even before OPEC's decision to lower quotas, EIA had projected that the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) commercial inventory situation would remain tight until the end of the year. Until these inventories are rebuilt above observed 5-year lows, which is not expected to occur until early 2004, West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil prices should

447

FINNED-TUBE HEAT EXCHANGER SIMULATION PROGRAM ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... in Search, Optimization, and Machine Learning. Addison Wesley Longman, Inc. Asiedu, Y., Besant, RW, Gu, P., 2000, [9] HVAc Duct System Design ...

2008-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

448

Forum on Inelastic Neutron Scattering (FINS 2011)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sessions are planned for discussions of inelastic instrumentation needs for the SNS and HFIR, sample environment equipment for the inelastic suite, enabling programmatic research...

449

AVIATION SAFETY OFFICER QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Safety Safety Officer Qualification Standard Reference Guide MARCH 2010 i This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents ii LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iii LIST OF TABLES ....................................................................................................................... iii ACRONYMS ............................................................................................................................... iv PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

450

Refinery Net Production of Finished Aviation Gasoline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: See Definitions ...

451

Product Supplied for Aviation Gasoline Blending Components  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Data may not add to ...

452

Accelerating Insertion of Materials at GE Aviation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advancing ICME Capability through Industry/University Relationships ... First Principles Modeling of Shape Memory Alloy Magnetic Refrigeration Materials.

453

AVIATION MANAGER QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

model, and series airplane. This reduction is achieved through a reduction of the maximum zero fuel weight or other means. One instance involves the Boeing business jet, but other...

454

Accelerating Insertion of Materials at GE Aviation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Manufacturing of ?-Titanium Ti-10V-2Fe-3Al Spin-Extruded Hollow Shafts for High Strength Power Train Applications in Aerospace and Automotive Industries.

455

Aviation Accident Investigation Methodology - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On-Site Speaker (Planned), Gary Fowler. Abstract Scope, Fracture mechanics and failure analysis emerged as separate technical disciplines during the 1960's.

456

Finished Aviation Gasoline Imports from Mexico  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

457

Prepared for the Federal Aviation Administration,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This document is available to the public through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The United

V. A. Orlando; P. R. Drouilhet

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Prepared for the Federal Aviation Administration,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This document is available to the public through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The United States Government assumes no liability for its contents or use thereof. PREFACE The Discrete Address Beacon System (DABS) will provide an evolutionary upgrading of air traffic surveillance capability together with an integrated ground/air data link. Both features are required to support the planned automation of air traffic control. DABS includes a unique code as part of each interrogation to indicate to which aircraft that interrogation is addressed. This scheme allows the ground sensor to control the timing of replies from neighboring aircraft, eliminating the self-interference due to overlapping replies (termed synchronous garble) which is a basic limitation of the present Air Traffic Control Radar Beacon System (ATCRBS). By providing for the inclusion of a message as part of an

P. Drouilhet

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Ceramic Processing.qrk  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Processing Processing Manufacturing Technologies The Ceramics and Glass Department devel- ops fabrication processes for ceramic compo- nents used in weapon applications. All phases of ceramic processing, from powders to fin- ished products, are addressed; including pow- der processing, blending, granulation, com- paction, sintering, grinding, metallization, and property measurements. In addition, multilay- er processing techniques are used to fabricate layered electrical devices. Our department has extensive experience in ferroelectric (PZT) and alumina ceramics, including cermet composi- tions (alumina - molybdenum composites) developed for hermetic electrical feedthrus, and alumina ceramics with buried ruthenium oxide based resistors. Capabilities * Perform process development activities for

460

5_13_09_HSS_Fin_Testimony.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Written Testimony of Glenn S. Podonsky Written Testimony of Glenn S. Podonsky Chief Health, Safety and Security Officer U.S. Department of Energy FY 2010 Appropriation Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Strategic Forces Committee on Armed Services U.S. House of Representatives May 13, 2009 INTRODUCTION Chairman Tauscher, Ranking Member Turner, and members of the subcommittee, thank you for inviting me to testify today on the Fiscal Year (FY) 2010 Budget Request for the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS). As the central organization within the Department of Energy (Department or DOE) responsible for health, safety, security, and environment, HSS provides the Department with effective and consistent policy, technical assistance, professional development and training, complex-wide independent oversight, and enforcement. As the Chief Health,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fin ished aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Microsoft Word - DOE_fin_rept_text.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 Frequency of Report: Final Reporting Period Start Date: March 1, 2004 Reporting Period End Date: September 30, 2006 Name of Submitting Organization: Joint Oceanographic Institutions Principal Authors: Dr. Frank R. Rack, and the IODP Expedition 311 Scientific Party* Date Report Issued: February 2007 Frank R. Rack (Joint Oceanographic Institutions; 1201 New York Ave., NW; Suite 400; Washington, DC, 20005; Tel: (202) 232-3900, ext. 1608; Email: frack@joiscience.org); and the IODP Expedition 311 Scientific Party*. DE-FC26-01NT41329 Joint Oceanographic Institutions In-Situ Sampling and Characterization of Naturally Occurring Marine Methane Hydrate Using the D/V JOIDES Resolution. 2 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the

462

3-18-2010-WAPA _Meeks_ FinTestimony.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NATURAL RESOURCES NATURAL RESOURCES U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES March 18, 2010 Madam Chairwoman and Members of the Subcommittee, I am Timothy J. Meeks, Administrator of the United States Department of Energy's Western Area Power Administration (Western). I am pleased to be here today to discuss HR 4349, the Hoover Power Allocation Act of 2009. This legislation seeks to amend the Hoover Power Plant Act of 1984. The legislation proposes revised allocations of the generation capacity and energy from the Hoover Dam power plant, a feature of the Boulder Canyon Project (BCP), after the existing contracts expire on September 30, 2017. Western's mission is to market and deliver reliable, cost-based hydroelectric power from facilities such as Hoover Dam. Hoover Dam was authorized and constructed in accordance with the Boulder

463

Microsoft Word - win0304_Version3Fin.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3) 3) 1 Winter Fuels Outlook: 2003-2004 Introduction This report summarizes the winter outlook for demand, supply and prices for natural gas, heating oil, electricity and propane, with emphasis on residential space-heating demand. The outlook, which includes severe- and mild- weather cases, is consistent with the October 2003 Short-Term Energy Outlook. For the purposes of the analysis, the winter season is defined as the period from October through March. Highlights * Net changes in residential heating prices and expenditures compared to last winter are: Prices: almost no change for heating oil and propane; plus 9 percent for natural gas; plus 3 percent for electricity. Expenditures: minus 8 percent for heating oil; plus 5 percent for natural gas; plus 2 percent for electricity;

464

Microsoft Word - TKC Risk Paper.fin.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Primer on A Primer on Perceptions of Risk, Risk Communication and Building Trust Peter S. Adler, Ph.D. Jeremy L. Kranowitz, M.P.A., M.S. The Keystone Center February 2005 2 Table of Contents I. Introduction II. Problem Diagnostics and Typing III. Risk Evaluation IV. Risk Communication V. Stakeholding and Public Participation VI. Building Trust VII. Conclusion 3 PREFACE The Keystone Center with support from the U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), produced this paper to aid in outreach and education for carbon sequestration activities, specifically to address methods for communicating any risks and benefits of geologic carbon sequestration to the public. Geologic sequestration (or geo-sequestration) involves injection of carbon dioxide in geologic formations, such as unused oil and gas wells or

465

Method for laser welding a fin and a tube  

SciTech Connect

A method of laser welding a planar metal surface to a cylindrical metal surface is provided, first placing a planar metal surface into approximate contact with a cylindrical metal surface to form a juncture area to be welded, the planar metal surface and cylindrical metal surface thereby forming an acute angle of contact. A laser beam, produced, for example, by a Nd:YAG pulsed laser, is focused through the acute angle of contact at the juncture area to be welded, with the laser beam heating the juncture area to a welding temperature to cause welding to occur between the planar metal surface and the cylindrical metal surface. Both the planar metal surface and cylindrical metal surface are made from a reflective metal, including copper, copper alloys, stainless steel alloys, aluminum, and aluminum alloys.

Fuerschbach, Phillip W. (Tijeras, NM); Mahoney, A. Roderick (Albuquerque, NM); Milewski, John O (Santa Fe, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

High Strength Aluminum Brazing Sheets for Condenser Fins of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2014 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , Aluminum Alloys: Development, Characterization and Applications.

467

Performance Analysis of Tube-Fin Heat Exchanger under Vibration.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The effects of vibration on the airside heat transfer and pressure drop characteristics are experimented and analyzed. The experiment is conducted on a flat tube… (more)

Kannan, Jayaprakash

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Design of small, low-cost, underwater fin manipulator.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis details the development of a small, low cost, underwater manipulator for use on the XAUV. At this time, there are no cheap underwater… (more)

Roberts, Megan Johnson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

FinFET Sidewall Roughness Measurement And Correlation ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... RMS. Figure 6. Mobility calculations. (a) Relative electron mobility reduction with increasing ? ... field. (b) Relative electron mobility change with ...

2013-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

470

Microsoft Word - DOE_fin_rept_text.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and log the cores under pressure. The HYACE transfer mechanism, which consists of a manipulator chamber and a shear mechanism, is used to extract the core under pressure from...

471

Design of small, low-cost, underwater fin manipulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis details the development of a small, low cost, underwater manipulator for use on the XAUV. At this time, there are no cheap underwater servos commercially available. The design involves modifying a commercially ...

Roberts, Megan Johnson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Optimization of finned-tube condensers using an intelligent ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... with isobutane (R600a), R134a, propane (R290), R22 ... for determining the refrigerant state at the ... second ed., Hemisphere, New York, NY, USA, 1986 ...

2007-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

473

Thermostats, Radiator Fins, and the Local Runaway Greenhouse  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The author has reconsidered the question of the regulation of tropical sea surface temperature. This has been done in general terms through consideration of the tropical beat budget and in specific terms through consideration of an idealized ...

R. T. Pierrehumbert

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

41.8 41.8 706.1 57,805.1 57,186.2 19,255.2 18,038.2 37,293.4 February ................................... 603.8 735.2 58,810.1 55,734.5 14,352.8 19,882.7 34,235.5 March ........................................ 693.1 675.6 59,143.7 40,326.8 13,589.5 18,472.2 32,061.7 April .......................................... 816.1 567.3 60,408.7 33,387.8 9,591.6 17,777.5 27,369.1 May ........................................... 925.8 799.7 60,325.7 26,854.4 7,093.1 16,017.5 23,110.5 June .......................................... 950.1 877.4 61,257.3 26,771.1 8,852.7 17,544.1 26,396.8 July ........................................... 1,030.3 884.1 61,401.8 28,838.3 7,254.9 19,950.4 27,205.4 August ...................................... 1,059.8 881.6 61,710.5 34,944.4 7,342.1 20,393.7 27,735.8 September

475

Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

01.2 01.2 94.7 61.3 60.3 71.8 65.8 February ............................. 100.6 96.5 56.9 57.3 73.4 65.7 March .................................. 105.0 100.6 59.0 59.6 69.0 68.0 April .................................... 111.4 107.5 66.0 65.3 80.5 75.1 May ..................................... 114.4 110.0 63.3 62.2 68.4 66.1 June .................................... 113.5 107.0 57.7 57.5 58.5 59.8 July ..................................... 113.7 105.3 60.3 59.6 64.6 61.7 August ................................ 114.4 107.1 65.1 64.5 69.5 66.6 September .......................... 114.3 106.8 71.8 71.6 76.4 75.6 October ............................... 115.0 107.1 73.6 73.6 87.1 80.7 November ........................... 115.1 108.4 71.7 72.2 88.7 79.7 December ........................... 115.3

476

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

71.7 71.7 588.5 56,673.6 54,346.7 12,106.5 21,030.6 33,137.1 February ................................... 834.8 890.3 57,750.3 47,277.7 10,579.0 22,424.4 33,003.4 March ........................................ 731.6 757.0 58,791.1 34,964.0 7,414.9 20,425.4 27,840.2 April .......................................... 766.9 730.9 60,322.2 31,714.4 6,811.5 18,166.1 24,977.7 May ........................................... 897.1 789.7 59,572.1 28,454.2 6,772.5 17,383.9 24,156.5 June .......................................... 940.7 714.1 62,704.7 27,177.7 6,415.2 18,715.9 25,131.1 July ........................................... 1,088.6 710.3 62,496.7 28,647.8 7,508.6 19,724.2 27,232.8 August ...................................... 1,028.5 837.4 62,747.5 31,743.2 8,180.1 18,800.6 26,980.7 September

477

Modeling aviation's global emissions, uncertainty analysis, and applications to policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(cont.) fuel burn results below 3000 ft. For emissions, the emissions indices were the most influential uncertainties for the variance in model outputs. By employing the model, this thesis examined three policy options for ...

Lee, Joosung Joseph, 1974-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Table 45. Refiner Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, No. 1...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

790.3 6,200.2 648.4 4,283.7 3,323.4 44,204.9 February ... 151.1 456.7 46,811.8 13,168.9 661.0 5,865.0 639.0 3,498.4 4,030.8 40,811.0 March...

479

Process for Converting Algal Oil to Alternative Aviation Fuel ...  

Conversion of triglyceride oils extracted from algae-derived lipids into aircraft fuel is a critical goal development for our national energy security. romising ...

480

Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

99.6 99.6 92.9 52.3 52.2 67.4 56.6 February ............................. 99.8 93.2 52.2 52.0 62.8 55.2 March .................................. 99.0 93.1 50.5 50.1 59.4 52.8 April .................................... 101.3 96.6 52.8 52.6 56.1 56.0 May ..................................... 105.8 102.2 55.0 54.7 51.7 57.7 June .................................... 106.4 101.6 53.2 53.1 54.9 53.2 July ..................................... 101.8 100.1 51.9 51.3 51.3 52.3 August ................................ 99.2 98.9 53.4 53.1 53.3 54.9 September .......................... 101.3 98.7 55.7 55.2 57.3 58.0 October ............................... 96.8 96.3 54.9 54.1 56.5 57.0 November ........................... 95.4 94.2 57.0 56.3 62.8 60.5 December ........................... 96.0 95.3 59.2 58.6

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fin ished aviation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

64.8 64.8 1,113.8 54,765.4 50,474.8 14,751.6 15,834.7 30,586.3 February ................................... 668.4 1,109.1 51,874.7 53,325.1 15,057.1 18,393.2 33,450.3 March ........................................ 769.5 1,087.5 53,941.3 38,432.9 12,043.4 16,348.0 28,391.3 April .......................................... 802.8 911.4 54,353.2 30,216.7 8,771.4 14,743.5 23,515.0 May ........................................... 973.7 1,080.8 55,284.8 27,798.1 7,705.6 15,130.0 22,835.6 June .......................................... 1,000.6 991.1 56,209.3 28,204.2 9,455.4 13,696.5 23,151.9 July ........................................... 1,063.8 1,300.5 56,468.8 27,811.1 10,786.1 12,367.3 23,153.4 August ...................................... 1,098.5 1,188.9 57,758.7 32,654.7 10,893.1 15,430.4

482

Accelerating Insertion of Materials at GE Aviation - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Continuum General Noise Brownian Thermostat with Applications to Film Morphology · A Multiscale, Nonlinear, Modeling Framework Enabling the Design and ...

483

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

are estimated at 3.1 percent per year over the next 40 years, resulting in a 300 percent increase in emissions by 2050 (IEA 2008b). The projected growth rate of global marine...

484

CY 2004 AVIATION OPERATIONS/SUPPORT PROFESSIONAL AWARD NOMINATION...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Jim's good planning allowed the replacement of spacer tubes in the aircraft rotor head on one aircraft during its instrument panel upgrade. Factory technicians replaced...

485

Process for Converting Algal Oil to Alternative Aviation Fuel  

triglyceride oils extracted from algae-derived lipids into aircraft fuel is a critical goal development for our national energy security. romising ...

486

BLM Fire and Aviation Office | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bureau of Land Management Address 1849 C Street NW, Rm. 5665 Place Washington, DC Zip 20240 Phone number 202-208-3801 Website http:www.blm.govwostenpr Retrieved...

487

Cross-National Differences in Aviation Safety Records  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data about the mortality risk of scheduled passenger air travel over 2000--2007 around the world is examined in this paper. Worldwide, the average passenger death risk per scheduled flight over 2000--2007 was about one in 3.0 million. However, much as ... Keywords: air, passenger mortality risk, system safety, transportation

Arnold Barnett

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Nevada Field Office recognized for its outstanding aviation program...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

for providing outstanding management and oversight of the NSTec RSL Aerial Measuring System operations at Nellis and Andrews. James Williams, Director of Maintenance for WSI-SRS...

489

Aero/Astro 50th Anniversary May 2008 Sustainable Aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, DC. Anonymous, 2005, Montana�s energy future--and why a proposed ``Fisher-Tropsch'' coalPotential for Coal-to-Liquids Conversion in the United States--Fischer­Tropsch Synthesis Tad W to be at the center of that effort. We calculate that the energy efficiency of the best existing Fischer­Tropsch (FT

Prinz, Friedrich B.

490

Table 45. Refiner Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, No. 1...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2,083.2 26,581.1 August ... 201.6 810.9 52,026.8 12,609.7 241.1 1,226.9 227.0 450.2 2,304.5 28,715.2 September ... 179.3 713.1...

491

U.S. Aviation Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Diesel, Ultra Low-Sulfur No. 2 Diesel, Low-Sulfur No. 2 Diesel, High-Sulfur No. 2 Fuel Oil Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes...

492

Aviation Gasoline Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

74.1 77.2 93.3 8.2 10.0 9.9 1983-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) W W W W W W 1983-2013 New England (PADD 1A) W - W W W - 1983-2013 Connecticut - - - - - - 1986-2013 Maine W - W W W -...

493

Wisconsin Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Propane (Consumer Grade) W: W: W: W: W: W: 1984-2013: Kerosene: W: W: W---1984-2013: No. 1 Distillate: W: W----1984-2013: No. 2 Distillate: 59.9: 62.2: 64.6: 63.4: 57 ...

494

A comparative analysis of area navigation systems for general aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Within the next decade area navigation is to become the primary method of air navigation within the United States. There are numerous radio navigation systems that offer the capabilities of area navigation to general ...

Dodge, Steven Malcolm

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Table 45. Refiner Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, No. 1...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

District I January ... 40.3 90.0 10,208.0 3,500.0 227.8 2,856.8 W 306.2 123.4 7,320.4 February ... 53.1 127.4 11,484.5 3,658.7 165.7...

496

Prices of Refiner Aviation Gasoline Sales to End Users  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2012 View History U.S. 2.849 3.273 2.442 3.028 3.803 3.971 1978-2012 East Coast (PADD 1) W 3.310 2.427 2.920 3.713 W 1983-2012 New England (PADD 1A) W W W W W W 1983-2012...

497

Table 45. Refiner Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, No. 1...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

District I January ... 48.5 92.9 13,156.5 2,264.2 160.7 2,282.7 W 48.2 134.5 5,492.8 February ... 55.9 108.8 13,753.8 2,289.2 147.5...

498

Table 45. Refiner Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, No. 1...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

District I January ... 65.1 94.0 13,005.3 1,820.3 216.2 2,794.9 W 73.1 103.6 6,203.4 February ... 74.3 96.6 13,308.6 1,702.8 308.8...

499

The California Aviation System: Current Status and Recent Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Share Other Share Region California Midwest Mountain NevadaSoutheast Southwest Total California LAX SFO Other Source:ODPlus Table 3-4 Top 50 California O-D Markets, 1996 Rank

Hansen, Mark M.; Gosling, Geoffrey D.; Rice, Colin

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Dr. David A. Yashar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of Energy (DOE), the Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration ... based program called Intelligent System for Heat Exchanger Design (ISHED ...

2012-07-06T23:59:59.000Z