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Sample records for figure fe1 illustrates

  1. Facts, Figures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Figures Facts, Figures The Lab's mission is to develop and apply science and technology to ensure the safety, security, and reliability of the U.S. nuclear deterrent; reduce global threats; and solve other emerging national security and energy challenges. Facts, Figures for 2016 People Total employees: 10,500, including approximately: Los Alamos National Security, LLC: 6,850 Centerra-LA (Guard Force): 300 Contractors: 400 Students: 1,100 Unionized craft workers: 880 Post doctoral researchers:

  2. Thermal conductivity and diffusion-mediated localization in Fe1...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Journal Article: Thermal conductivity and diffusion-mediated localization in Fe1-xCrx alloys from first principles Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Thermal conductivity ...

  3. Cancer Facts & Figures - 2010

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... among smokers), certain metals (chromium, cadmium, arsenic), 16 Cancer Facts & Figures 2010 some organic chemicals, radiation, air pollution, and a history of tuberculosis. ...

  4. 9-D polarized proton transport in the MEIC figure 8 collider ring - first steps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meot, F.; Morozov, V. S.

    2015-05-03

    Spin tracking studies in the MEIC figure-8 collider ion ring are presented, based on a very preliminary design of the lattice. They provide numerical illustrations of some of the aspects of the figure-8 concept, including spin-rotator based spin control, and lay out the path towards a complete spin tracking simulation of a figure-8 ring.

  5. 9-D polarized proton transport in the MEIC figure-8 collider ring: first steps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meot, F.; Morozov, V. S.

    2014-10-24

    Spin tracking studies in the MEIC figure-8 collider ion ring are presented, based on a very preliminary design of the lattice. They provide numerical illustrations of some of the aspects of the figure-8 concept, including spin-rotator based spin control, and lay out the path towards a complete spin tracking simulation of a figure-8 ring.

  6. Microsoft Word - figure_21.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Figure 21. Average citygate price of natural gas in the United States, 2014 (dollars per thousand cubic feet) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Natural Gas Annual ...

  7. Microsoft Word - figure_25.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1 Figure 25. Average price of natural gas delivered to U.S. electric power consumers, 2014 (dollars per thousand cubic feet) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Natural Gas ...

  8. Microsoft Word - figure_24.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 Figure 24. Average price of natural gas delivered to U.S. onsystem industrial consumers, 2014 (dollars per thousand cubic feet) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Natural ...

  9. Microsoft Word - figure_22.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8 Figure 22. Average price of natural gas delivered to U.S. residential consumers, 2014 (dollars per thousand cubic feet) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Natural Gas ...

  10. Microsoft Word - figure_23.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    9 Figure 23. Average price of natural gas delivered to U.S. commercial consumers, 2014 (dollars per thousand cubic feet) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Natural Gas Annual ...

  11. Microsoft Word - Figure_01.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Figure 1. Selected average prices of natural gas in the United States, 2010-2014 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 E xports Im ports C itygate dollars per thousand cubic ...

  12. Microsoft Word - Figure_05.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    24 0 1 2 3 4 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 All Storage Fields Other than Salt Caverns Salt Caverns trillion cubic feet Trillion Cubic Feet Figure 5 Note: Geographic coverage is the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Alaska was added to U.S. total as of January 2013. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA): Form EIA-191, "Monthly Underground Gas Storage Report." Billion Cubic Meters Figure 5. Working gas in underground natural gas storage in the United States, 2013-2016

  13. Working Gas in Underground Storage Figure

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Working Gas in Underground Storage Figure Working Gas in Underground Storage Figure Working Gas in Underground Storage Compared with 5-Year Range Graph....

  14. Working Gas in Underground Storage Figure

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Gas in Underground Storage Figure Working Gas in Underground Storage Compared with 5-Year Range Graph...

  15. Fermi surfaces and phase stability of Ba( Fe 1 - x M x ) 2 As...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Journal Article: Fermi surfaces and phase stability of Ba( Fe 1 - x M x ) 2 As 2 ( M Co ... Resource Relation: Journal Name: Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials ...

  16. Microsoft Word - Figure_01.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    August 2016 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Natural Gas Monthly 4 0.00 0.25 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00 2.25 2.50 2.75 3.00 3.25 3.50 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Production of Dry Gas Total Consumption Net Imports trillion cubic feet Figure 1. Production, consumption, and net imports of natural gas in the United States, 2013-2016 Sources: 2012-2014: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Natural Gas Annual 2014. January 2015 through current month: Form EIA-914, "Monthly

  17. Microsoft Word - Figure_02.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    U.S. Energy Information Administration | Natural Gas Monthly 6 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Residential Commercial trillion cubic feet Figure 2 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Industrial Electric Power trillion cubic feet Sources: 2012-2014: Energy Information Administration (EIA): Form EIA-857, "Monthly Report of Natural Gas Purchases and Deliveries to Consumers"; Form EIA-923, "Power Plant Operations Report"; EIA computations;

  18. Microsoft Word - figure_03.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Natural Gas Annual Figure 3. Marketed production of natural gas in the United States and the Gulf of Mexico, 2014 (million cubic feet) None 1-15,000 15,001-100,000 100,001-200,000 200,001-500,000 500,001 and over Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-895, "Annual Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Report"; Form EIA-914, "Monthly Natural Gas Production Report"; state agencies; Form EIA-23, "Annual Survey of

  19. PHOBOS Experiment: Figures and Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The PHOBOS Collaboration

    PHOBOS consists of many silicon detectors surrounding the interaction region. With these detectors physicists can count the total number of produced particles and study the angular distributions of all the products. Physicists know from other branches of physics that a characteristic of phase transitions are fluctuations in physical observables. With the PHOBOS array they look for unusual events or fluctuations in the number of particles and angular distribution. The articles that have appeared in refereed science journals are listed here with separate links to the supporting data plots, figures, and tables of numeric data.  See also supporting data for articles in technical journals at http://www.phobos.bnl.gov/Publications/Technical/phobos_technical_publications.htm and from conference proceedings at http://www.phobos.bnl.gov/Publications/Proceedings/phobos_proceedings_publications.htm

  20. Microsoft Word - figure_04.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    11 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 T e x a s P e n n s y l v a n i a O k l a h o m a L o u i s i a n a W y o m i n g C o l o r a d o G u l f o f M e x i c o N e w M e x i c o A r k a n s a s W e s t V i r g i n i a A l l O t h e r S t a t e s 2013 2014 Figure 4. Marketed production of natural gas in selected states and the Gulf of Mexico, 2013-2014 trillion cubic feet Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-895, "Annual Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Report"; Form EIA-914,

  1. Microsoft Word - figure_14.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    42 Figure 14. Net interstate movements, imports, and exports of natural gas in the United States, 2014 (million cubic feet) Norway Trinidad/ Tobago Yemen Trinidad/ Tobago Interstate Movements Not Shown on Map From Volume To From Volume To CT RI Other TX IN MA RI MA MA CT VA DC MD DC VT MA NH MA WA M T I D O R W Y ND SD C A N V U T CO NE KS A Z NM OK TX MN WI MI IA I L IN OH MO AR M S AL GA T N KY FL SC NC WV MD DE VA PA NJ NY CT RI MA VT NH ME LA HI A K Mexico C a n a d a C a n a d a Canada

  2. Microsoft Word - figure_18.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6 11.5 42.5 82.8 11.7 44.2 83.7 12.9 46.8 83.8 13.8 46.1 83.4 46.2 84.1 14.4 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Residential Commercial Industrial 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Note: These deliveries included quantities covered by long-term contracts and gas involved in short-term or spot market sales. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA -176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." Figure 18. Percent of natural gas deliveries in the United

  3. Microsoft Word - figure_99.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Natural Gas Annual Figure 6. Natural gas processing in the United States and the Gulf of Mexico, 2014 (million cubic feet) None 1-15,000 15,001-100,000 100,001-200,000 200,001-500,000 500,001 and over Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-64A, "Annual Report of the Origin of Natural Gas Liquids Production." IN OH TN WV VA KY MD PA NY VT NH MA CT ME RI DE DC NC SC GA FL NJ AL MS LA MO AR TX NM OK CO KS UT AZ WY NE IL IA MN

  4. PHOBOS Experiment: Figures and Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The PHOBOS Collaboration

    PHOBOS consists of many silicon detectors surrounding the interaction region. With these detectors physicists can count the total number of produced particles and study the angular distributions of all the products. Physicists know from other branches of physics that a characteristic of phase transitions are fluctuations in physical observables. With the PHOBOS array they look for unusual events or fluctuations in the number of particles and angular distribution. The articles that have appeared in refereed science journals are listed here with separate links to the supporting data plots, figures, and tables of numeric data. See also supporting data for articles in technical journals at http://www.phobos.bnl.gov/Publications/Technical/phobos_technical_publications.htm and from conference proceedings at http://www.phobos.bnl.gov/Publications/Proceedings/phobos_proceedings_publications.htm

  5. Microsoft Word - Figure_15_2015.docx

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 2014 Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-191M, "Monthly Underground Gas Storage Report." U.S. Energy Information Administration | Natural Gas Annual Figure ...

  6. Fermi surfaces and phase stability of Ba(Fe1 xMx)2As2 (M = Co...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Fermi surfaces and phase stability of Ba(Fe1 xMx)2As2 (M Co,Ni,Cu,Zn) Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Fermi surfaces and phase stability of Ba(Fe1 xMx)2As2 (M ...

  7. Fermi surfaces and Phase Stability of Ba(Fe1-xMx))2As2 (M=Co...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Fermi surfaces and Phase Stability of Ba(Fe1-xMx))2As2 (MCo, Ni, Cu, Zn) Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Fermi surfaces and Phase Stability of Ba(Fe1-xMx))2As2 (MCo,...

  8. Two spatially separated phases in semiconducting Rb0.8Fe1.5S2

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wang, Meng; Tian, Wei; Valdivia, P.; Chi, Songxue; Bourret-Courchesne, E.; Dai, Pengcheng; Birgeneau, R. J.

    2014-09-26

    We report neutron scattering and transport measurements on semiconducting Rb0.8Fe1.5S2, a compound isostructural and isoelectronic to the well-studied A0.8FeySe2(A = K, Rb, Cs, Tl/K) superconducting systems. Both resistivity and DC susceptibility measurements reveal a magnetic phase transition at T = 275 K. Neutron diffraction studies show that the 275 K transition originates from a phase with rhombic iron vacancy order which exhibits an in-plane stripe antiferromagnetic ordering below 275 K. In addition, the stripe antiferromagnetic phase interdigitates mesoscopically with an ubiquitous phase with √5 x√5 iron vacancy order. This phase has a magnetic transition at TN = 425 K andmore » an iron vacancy order-disorder transition at TS = 600 K. These two different structural phases are closely similar to those observed in the isomorphous Se materials. Based on the close similarities of the in-plane antiferromagnetic structures, moments sizes, and ordering temperatures in semiconducting Rb0.8Fe1.5S2 and K0.81Fe1.58Se2, we argue that the in-plane antiferromagnetic order arises from strong coupling between local moments. Superconductivity, previously observed in the A0.8FeySe2₋ zSz system, is absent in A0.8Fe1.5S2, which has a semiconducting ground state. We discuss the implied relationship between stripe and block antiferromagnetism and superconductivity in these materials as well as a strategy for further investigation.« less

  9. Figure2.jpg | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Information Figure2

  10. Figure3.jpg | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Information Figure3

  11. Figure4.jpg | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Information Figure4

  12. Fermi surfaces and phase stability of Ba(Fe1-xMx)2As2 (M = Co...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Journal Article: Fermi surfaces and phase stability of Ba(Fe1-xMx)2As2 (M Co,Ni,Cu,Zn) ... (EFRC); Center for Defect Physics in Structural Materials (CDP) Sponsoring Org: USDOE ...

  13. Electron doping evolution of the magnetic excitations in NaFe1 xCoxAs

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Carr, Scott V.; Zhang, Chenglin; Song, Yu; Tan, Guotai; Li, Yu; Abernathy, Douglas L.; Stone, Matthew B.; Granroth, Garrett E.; Perring, T. G.; Dai, Pengcheng

    2016-06-13

    We use time-of-flight (TOF) inelastic neutron scattering (INS) spectroscopy to investigate the doping dependence of magnetic excitations across the phase diagram of NaFe1-xCoxAs with x = 0, 0.0175, 0.0215, 0.05, and 0.11. The effect of electron-doping by partially substituting Fe by Co is to form resonances that couple with superconductivity, broaden and suppress low energy (E 80 meV) spin excitations compared with spin waves in undoped NaFeAs. However, high energy (E > 80 meV) spin excitations are weakly Co-doping dependent. Integration of the local spin dynamic susceptibility "(!) of NaFe1-xCoxAs reveals a total fluctuating moment of 3.6 μ2 B/Fe andmore » a small but systematic reduction with electron doping. The presence of a large spin gap in the Cooverdoped nonsuperconducting NaFe0.89Co0.11As suggests that Fermi surface nesting is responsible for low-energy spin excitations. These results parallel Ni-doping evolution of spin excitations in BaFe2-xNixAs2, confirming the notion that low-energy spin excitations coupling with itinerant electrons are important for superconductivity, while weakly doping dependent high-energy spin excitations result from localized moments.« less

  14. I.D I VI Figure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ~press - ,~,.--;~ 3.1 ,,~-.::;:.--- ~ ( 3.1 ( ;-; t\ I.D I VI Figure 9-1. Location of the original Cypress Grove Set-Aside and the Stave Island and Georgia Power replacement Areas. Set-Aside 9: Cypress Grove, Stave Island, and Georgia Power

  15. Microsoft Word - Figure_13_2015.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    35 2014 Flow Capacity (million cubic feet per day) Figure 13. Principal Interstate Natural Gas Flow Capacity Summary, 2014 Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Oil, Gas, and Coal Supply Statistics. = Direction of Flow = Bi-directional 15,000 12,000 9,000 6,000 3,000 0

  16. Microsoft Word - figure_07-2015.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1 Source: Office of Fossil Energy, U.S. Department of Energy, Natural Gas Imports and Exports. Figure 7. U.S. natural gas trade summary, 2010-2014 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Total Imports Total Exports Net Imports trillion cubic feet

  17. Figure ES1. Map of Northern Alaska

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Figure ES1. Map of Northern Alaska figurees1.jpg (61418 bytes) Source: Edited from U.S. Geological Survey, "The Oil and Gas Resource Potential of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge 1002 Area, Alaska," Open File Report 98-34, 1999. Return to the Executive Summary.

  18. Origin of the spin reorientation transitions in (Fe1–xCox)2B alloys

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Belashchenko, Kirill D.; Ke, Liqin; Däne, Markus; Benedict, Lorin X.; Lamichhane, Tej Nath; Taufour, Valentin; Jesche, Anton; Bud'ko, Sergey L.; Canfield, Paul C.; Antropov, Vladimir P.

    2015-02-13

    Low-temperature measurements of the magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy K in (Fe1–xCox)2B alloys are reported, and the origin of this anisotropy is elucidated using a first-principles electronic structure analysis. The calculated concentration dependence K(x) with a maximum near x = 0.3 and a minimum near x = 0.8 is in excellent agreement with experiment. This dependence is traced down to spin-orbital selection rules and the filling of electronic bands with increasing electronic concentration. In conclusion, at the optimal Co concentration, K depends strongly on the tetragonality and doubles under a modest 3% increase of the c/a ratio, suggesting that the magnetocrystalline anisotropymore » can be further enhanced using epitaxial or chemical strain.« less

  19. Density functional theory calculations of magnetocrystalline anisotropy energies for (Fe1-xCox)2B

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Daene, Markus; Kim, Soo Kyung; Surh, Michael P.; Aberg, Daniel; Benedict, Lorin X.

    2015-06-15

    We present and discuss density functional theory calculations of magnetic properties of the family of ferromagnetic compounds, (Fe1-xCox)2B, focusing specifically on the magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy (MAE). Using periodic supercells of various sizes (up to 96 atoms), it is shown that the general qualitative features of the composition dependence of the MAE is in agreement with experimental findings, while our predicted magnitudes are larger than those of experiment. We find that the use of small supercells (6 and 12-atom) favors larger MAE values relative to a statistical sample of configurations constructed with 96-atom supercells. As a result, the effect of latticemore » relaxations is shown to be small. Calculations of the Curie temperature for this alloy are also presented.« less

  20. Figure correction of multilayer coated optics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chapman; Henry N. , Taylor; John S.

    2010-02-16

    A process is provided for producing near-perfect optical surfaces, for EUV and soft-x-ray optics. The method involves polishing or otherwise figuring the multilayer coating that has been deposited on an optical substrate, in order to correct for errors in the figure of the substrate and coating. A method such as ion-beam milling is used to remove material from the multilayer coating by an amount that varies in a specified way across the substrate. The phase of the EUV light that is reflected from the multilayer will be affected by the amount of multilayer material removed, but this effect will be reduced by a factor of 1-n as compared with height variations of the substrate, where n is the average refractive index of the multilayer.

  1. Microsoft Word - Figure_09-2015.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Canada Mexico Figure 9. Flow of natural gas imports, 2014 (billion cubic feet) Source: Energy Information Administration, based on data from the Office of Fossil Energy, U.S. Department of Energy, Natural Gas Imports and Exports. 12 29 608 200 United States 6 1 Trinidad/Tobago Other 6 Norway 6 Yemen 541 433 329 21 143 359 3 7 6 8 4

  2. Concentrating Solar Power Tower Plant Illustration

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This graphic illustrates numerous large, flat, sun-tracking mirrors, known as heliostats, that focus sunlight onto a receiver at the top of a tower. A heat-transfer fluid heated in the receiver is used to generate steam, which, in turn, is used in a conventional turbine generator to produce electricity.

  3. Sandia National Laboratories: Facts & Figures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Facts & Figures Sandia's multimission work is represented in a diverse funding portfolio. Budget FY15 Operating $ 2,809.7 million Capital equipment $ 41.0 million Construction $ 29.9 million TOTAL LAB FUNDING $ 2,880.6 million Note: Sandia's fiscal year (FY) runs from October 1 through September 30. Funding by source FY15 NNSA Weapons activities $ 1,576.6 million Defense nuclear nonproliferation $ 143.9 million Other NNSA $ 1.0 million Total NNSA $ 1,721.0 million Non-NNSA DOE Electricity

  4. Microsoft Word - Figure_03_04.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Residential Commercial Industrial Electric Power Citygate dollars per thousand cubic feet Figure 3 and 4 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 NGPL Com posite Spot P ric e NG Spot P ric e at Henry Hub dollars per thousand cubic feet Note: Prices are in nominal dollars. Sources: 2012-2014: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Natural Gas Annual 2014. January 2015 through current month: Form EIA-857, "Monthly

  5. Microsoft Word - figure_02_2015.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Figure 2. Natural gas supply and disposition in the United States, 2014 (trillion cubic feet) Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production Gross Withdrawals From Gas and Oil Wells Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented/Flared Reservoir Repressuring Production Dry Gas Imports Canada Trinidad/Tobago Natural Gas Storage Facilities Exports Canada Mexico Additions Withdrawals Gas Industry Use Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power 31.3 0.4 0.3 3.3 2.635 0.043 0.729 0.770 25.7 1.6 3.9 3.6

  6. Solar Dish/Engine Power Plant Illustration

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This graphic illustrates a parabolic dish of mirrors directs and concentrates sunlight onto a central engine that produces electricity. The solar concentrator, or dish, gathers the solar energy coming directly from the sun. The resulting beam of concentrated sunlight is reflected onto a thermal receiver that collects the solar heat. The dish is mounted on a structure that tracks the sun continuously throughout the day to reflect the highest percentage of sunlight possible onto the thermal receiver.

  7. Surface figure control for coated optics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ray-Chaudhuri, Avijit K.; Spence, Paul A.; Kanouff, Michael P.

    2001-01-01

    A pedestal optical substrate that simultaneously provides high substrate dynamic stiffness, provides low surface figure sensitivity to mechanical mounting hardware inputs, and constrains surface figure changes caused by optical coatings to be primarily spherical in nature. The pedestal optical substrate includes a disk-like optic or substrate section having a top surface that is coated, a disk-like base section that provides location at which the substrate can be mounted, and a connecting cylindrical section between the base and optics or substrate sections. The optic section has an optical section thickness.sup.2 /optical section diameter ratio of between about 5 to 10 mm, and a thickness variation between front and back surfaces of less than about 10%. The connecting cylindrical section may be attached via three spaced legs or members. However, the pedestal optical substrate can be manufactured from a solid piece of material to form a monolith, thus avoiding joints between the sections, or the disk-like base can be formed separately and connected to the connecting section. By way of example, the pedestal optical substrate may be utilized in the fabrication of optics for an extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography imaging system, or in any optical system requiring coated optics and substrates with reduced sensitivity to mechanical mounts.

  8. Finding Six-Figure ROI From Energy Efficiency | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Six-Figure ROI From Energy Efficiency Finding Six-Figure ROI From Energy Efficiency September 28, 2010 - 10:20am Addthis Kevin Craft What are the key facts? Recovery Act funded ...

  9. Linear Concentrator Solar Power Plant Illustration

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This graphic illustrates linear concentrating solar power (CSP) collectors that capture the sun's energy with large mirrors that reflect and focus the sunlight onto a linear receiver tube. The receiver contains a fluid that is heated by the sunlight and then used to create superheated steam that spins a turbine that drives a generator to produce electricity. Alternatively, steam can be generated directly in the solar field, eliminating the need for costly heat exchangers. In a parabolic trough system, the receiver tube is positioned along the focal line of each parabola-shaped reflector.

  10. Role of chalcogen vapor annealing in inducing bulk superconductivity in Fe1+yTe1-xSex [How does annealing in chalcogen vapor induce superconductivity in Fe1+yTe-xSex?

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Lin, Wenzhi; Ganesh, P.; Gianfrancesco, Anthony; Wang, Jun; Berlijn, Tom; Maier, Thomas A.; Kalinin, Sergei V.; Sales, Brian C.; Pan, Minghu

    2015-02-01

    Recent investigations have shown that Fe1+yTe1-xSex can be made superconducting by annealing it in Se and O vapors. The current lore is that these chalcogen vapors induce superconductivity by removing the magnetic excess Fe atoms. To investigate this phenomenon we performed a combination of magnetic susceptibility, specific heat and transport measurements together with scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy and density functional theory calculations on Fe1+yTe1-xSex treated with Te vapor. We conclude that the main role of the Te vapor is to quench the magnetic moments of the excess Fe atoms by forming FeTem (m ≥ 1) complexes. We show thatmore » the remaining FeTem complexes are still damaging to the superconductivity and therefore that their removal potentially could further improve superconductive properties in these compounds.« less

  11. Illustrative Calculation of Economics for Heat Pump and "Grid...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Illustrative Calculation of Economics for Heat Pump and "Grid-Enabled" Water Heaters Illustrative Calculation of Economics for Heat Pump and "Grid-Enabled" Water Heaters PDF icon ...

  12. Illustrating the future prediction of performance based on computer...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Illustrating the future prediction of performance based on computer code, physical ... Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Illustrating the future prediction of ...

  13. Figure 1. Project Area, Focused Study Area, Potential Access...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Page 4 of 8 Figure 1. Project Area, Focused Study Area, Potential Access Agreement Land, and Land Not Suitable for Conveyance

  14. Figure 1. Project Area, Focused Study Area, Potential Access...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Page 4 of 8 Figure 1. Project Area, Focused Study Area, Potential Access Agreement Land, and Land Not Suitable for Conveyance...

  15. DFT structural investigation on Fe(1,10-phenanthroline){sub 2} (NCS){sub 2} spin crossover molecule

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chiş, V.; Isai, R.; Droghetti, A.; Rungger, I.; Sanvito, S.; Morari, C.

    2013-11-13

    Understanding the coupling of spin crossover molecules to metallic surfaces is a key ingredient for harnessing of their remarkable features for future spintronics applications. Here we investigate the structural and electronic properties of deformed Fe(1,10-phenanthroline){sub 2} (NCS){sub 2} molecules, mimicking the possible effects arising from the interaction with a metallic substrate. We find a relatively large structural flexibility for this molecule, accompanied by small changes in their total energy. This suggests that the spin crossover activity can be modulated by the interaction with the substrate.

  16. figure1_solitons.jpg | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Information figure1_solitons.jpg

  17. Download Energy.gov's Women's History Month Illustrations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    During Women's History Month we rolled out some beautiful illustrations of Mae Jemison, Annie Easley, Chien-Shiung Wu and Ellen Ochoa. You can now download the poster-sized versions of these illustrations.

  18. Electron doping evolution of the neutron spin resonance in NaFe1-xCoxAs

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhang, Chenglin; Song, Yu; Carr, Scott Victor; Chi, Songxue; Christianson, Andrew D.; Matsuda, Masaaki; Fernandez-Baca, Jaime A.; Dai, Pengcheng; Lv, Weicheng; Tan, Guotai; et al

    2016-05-31

    Neutron spin resonance, a collective magnetic excitation coupled to superconductivity, is one of the most prominent features shared by a broad family of unconventional superconductors including copper oxides, iron pnictides, and heavy fermions. In this paper, we study the doping evolution of the resonances in NaFe1–xCoxAs covering the entire superconducting dome. For the underdoped compositions, two resonance modes coexist. As doping increases, the low-energy resonance gradually loses its spectral weight to the high-energy one but remains at the same energy. By contrast, in the overdoped regime we only find one single resonance, which acquires a broader width in both energymore » and momentum but retains approximately the same peak position even when Tc drops by nearly a half compared to optimal doping. Furthermore, these results suggest that the energy of the resonance in electron overdoped NaFe1–xCoxAs is neither simply proportional to Tc nor the superconducting gap but is controlled by the multiorbital character of the system and doped impurity scattering effect.« less

  19. Figure ES2. Annual Indices of Real Disposable Income, Vehicle...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ES2 Figure ES2. Annual Indices of Real Disposable Income, Vehicle-Miles Traveled, Consumer Price Index (CPI-U), and Real Average Retail Gasoline Price, 1978-2004, 1985100...

  20. Canada Mexico Figure 11. Flow of natural gas exports, 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8 Canada Mexico Figure 11. Flow of natural gas exports, 2014 (billion cubic feet) Source: Energy Information Administration, based on data from the Office of Fossil Energy, U.S. ...

  1. Magnetic and Structural Phase Transitions in the Spinel Compound Fe1+xCr2 xO4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma, Jie; Garlea, Vasile O; Rondinone, Adam Justin; Aczel, Adam A; Calder, Stuart A; Dela Cruz, Clarina R; Sinclair, R.; Tian, Wei; Chi, Songxue; Kiswandhi, Andhika; Brooks, James S.; Zhou, Haidong; Matsuda, Masaaki

    2014-01-01

    Neutron diffraction, X-ray diffraction, magnetic susceptibility, and specific heat measurements have been used to investigate the magnetic and structural phase transitions of the spinel system Fe1+xCr2 xO4 (0.0 x 1.0). The temperature versus Fe concentration (x) phase diagram contains two magnetically ordered phases and four structural phases below 420 K. The complicated transitions are closely related to the change in the spin and orbital degrees of freedom induced by substitution of Fe ions for Cr ions. The systematic change in the crystal structure is explained by the combined effects of Jahn-Teller distortion, spin-lattice interaction, Fe2+-Fe3+ hopping, and disorder among Fe2+, Fe3+, and Cr3+ ions.

  2. Ab initio construction of magnetic phase diagrams in alloys: The case of Fe1-xMnxPt

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Pujari, B. S.; Larson, P.; Antropov, V. P.; Belashchenko, K. D.

    2015-07-28

    A first-principles approach to the construction of concentration-temperature magnetic phase diagrams of metallic alloys is presented. The method employs self-consistent total energy calculations based on the coherent potential approximation for partially ordered and noncollinear magnetic states and is able to account for competing interactions and multiple magnetic phases. The application to the Fe1–xMnxPt “magnetic chameleon” system yields the sequence of magnetic phases at T = 0 and the c-T magnetic phase diagram in good agreement with experiment, and a new low-temperature phase is predicted at the Mn-rich end. The importance of non-Heisenberg interactions for the description of the magnetic phasemore » diagram is demonstrated.« less

  3. Optical Absorption and Spectral Photoconductivity in ?-(Fe1-xCrx)2O3 Solid-Solution Thin Films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chamberlin, Sara E.; Wang, Yong; Lopata, Kenneth A.; Kaspar, Tiffany C.; Cohn, Alicia; Gamelin, Daniel R.; Govind, Niranjan; Sushko, P. V.; Chambers, Scott A.

    2013-09-04

    Hematite, ?-Fe2O3, is an attractive narrow gap oxide for consideration as an efficient visible light photocatalyst, with significant potential for band gap engineering via doping. We examine optical absorption in ? (Fe1 xCrx)2O3 epitaxial films and explain the observed excitations, and the nature of the band gap dependence on x, through first principles calculations. The calculated and measured optical band gap becomes smaller than that of the bulk ?-Fe2O3 and reaches a minimum as the Cr mole fraction increases to 50%. The lowest energy transitions in the mixed-metal alloys involve electron excitation from occupied Cr 3d orbitals to unoccupied Fe 3d orbitals, and they result in a measureable photocurrent. The onset of ?-Fe2O3 photoconductivity can be reduced by nearly ~0.5 eV through addition of Cr.

  4. Two-dimensional resonant magnetic excitation in BaFe1.84Co0.16As2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lumsden, Mark D; Christianson, Andrew D; Parshall, Daniel; Stone, Matthew B; Nagler, Stephen E; Mook Jr, Herbert A; Lokshin, Konstantin A; Egami, Takeshi; Abernathy, Douglas L; Goremychkin, E. A.; Osborn, R.; McGuire, Michael A; Safa-Sefat, Athena; Jin, Rongying; Sales, Brian C; Mandrus, David

    2009-01-01

    Inelastic neutron scattering measurements on single crystals of superconducting BaFe1.84Co0.16As2 clearly reveal a magnetic excitation located at wavevectors (1/2 1/2 L) in tetragonal notation. The scattering is much broader in L than are spin waves observed in the parent compound BaFe2As2 indicating that the excitations in the superconducting material are more two-dimensional in nature. The excitation appears gapless for T > TC and becomes gapped on cooling below TC. The observed gap energy is approximately 9.6 meV corresponding to 5 kBTC which is remarkably similar to the canonical value for the resonance energy in the cuprates.

  5. Illustrative Scenarios Tool (European Union) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Illustrative Scenarios Tool (European Union) Focus Area: Propane Topics: Opportunity Assessment & Screening Website: www.eutransportghg2050.eucms...

  6. Illustrating the future prediction of performance based on computer...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Illustrating the future prediction of performance based on computer code, physical experiments, and critical performance parameter samples Citation Details In-Document Search ...

  7. BILIWG: Consistent "Figures of Merit" (Presentation)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    BILIWG: Consistent "Figures of Merit" A finite set of results reported in consistent units * To track progress of individual projects on a consistent basis * To enable comparing projects in a transparent manner Potential BILIWG Figures of Merit Key BILI Distributed Reforming Targets * Cost ($/kg of H2): H2A analysis - Distributed reforming station,1000 kg/day ave./daily dispensed, 5000/6250 psi (and 10,000/12,000 psi) dispensing, 500 units/yr. * nth unit vs. 500 units/yr ? * production

  8. Electronic structure and optical properties of ?-(Fe1-xVx)2O3 solid-solution thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chamberlin, Sara E.; Nayyar, Iffat H.; Kaspar, Tiffany C.; Sushko, Petr; Chambers, Scott A.

    2015-01-26

    We have examined the effect of V doping on the electronic and optical properties of hematite (?-Fe2O3) by means of ?-(Fe1-xVx)2O3 (0 ? x ? ~0.5) epitaxial films and theoretical modeling. The conductivity is enhanced by several orders of magnitude as x is increased, and this enhancement is manifested in x-ray photoelectron spectra by a growing Doniach-Sunjic tail on the O 1s peak, as well as by increasing intensity at the Fermi level in valence band spectra. Optical absorption shows a reduction in direct band gap by as much as 0.64 eV for x = 0.53 (Eg = 1.46 eV) relative to that of ?-Fe2O3 (Eg = 2.10 eV). Detailed understanding of the character of the optical transitions in the alloys is achieved using first-principles calculations of the ground and excited states. These calculations reveal that V doping results in localized, occupied V 3d states which are hybridized with Fe states and located at approximately mid-gap in ? Fe2O3. The lowest energy transitions involve electronic excitations from occupied V 3d orbitals to unoccupied Fe 3d* orbitals.

  9. NOvA (Fermilab E929) Official Plots and Figures

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The NOvA collaboration, consisting of 180 researchers across 28 institutions and managed by the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), is developing instruments for a neutrino-focused experiment that will attempt to answer three fundamental questions in neutrino physics: 1) Can we observe the oscillation of muon neutrinos to electron neutrinos; 2) What is the ordering of the neutrino masses; and 3) What is the symmetry between matter and antimatter? The collaboration makes various data plots and figures available. These are grouped under five headings, with brief descriptions included for each individual figure: Neutrino Spectra, Detector Overview, Theta12 Mass Hierarchy CP phase, Theta 23 Delta Msqr23, and NuSterile.

  10. Polarized Ion Beams in Figure-8 Rings of JLab's MEIC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Derbenev, Yaroslav; Lin, Fanglei; Morozov, Vasiliy; Zhang, Yuhong; Kondratenko, Anatoliy; Kondratenko, M.A.; Filatov, Yury

    2014-07-01

    The Medium-energy Electron-Ion Collider (MEIC) proposed by Jefferson Lab is designed to provide high polarization of both colliding beams. One of the unique features of JLab's MEIC is figure-8 shape of its rings. It allows preservation and control of polarization of all ion species including small-anomalous-magnetic-moment deuterons during their acceleration and storage. The figure-8 design conceptually expands the capability of obtaining polarized high-energy beams in comparison to conventional designs because of its property of having no preferred periodic spin direction. This allows one to control effectively the beam polarization by means of magnetic insertions with small field integrals. We present a complete scheme for preserving the ion polarization during all stages of acceleration and its control in the collider's experimental straights.

  11. Volume_III_App_A_Figures_Chapter2

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Plains & Eastern EIS Figure 2.1-1: Converter Station General Layout 0 50 100 Miles OKLAHOMA ARKANSAS NE W M EX IC O T N COLORADO MISSOURI KANSAS MISSISSIPPI LOUISIANA TEXAS A R Arkansas AC Interconnection Siting Area Oklahoma AC Interconnection Siting Area Future Optima Substation Region 4 Link 3 Variation 2 Lee Creek Variation Oklahoma Converter Station Siting Area Arkansas Converter Station Siting Area Tennessee Converter Station Siting Area Region 1 Region 2 Region 3 Region 4 Region 5

  12. Energy dependence of the spin excitation anisotropy in uniaxial-strained BaFe1.9Ni0.1As2

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Song, Yu; Lu, Xingye; Abernathy, Douglas L.; Tam, David W.; Niedziela, Jennifer L.; Tian, Wei; Si, Qimiao; Dai, Pengcheng; Luo, Huiqian

    2015-11-06

    In this study, we use inelastic neutron scattering to study the temperature and energy dependence of the spin excitation anisotropy in uniaxial-strained electron-doped iron pnictide BaFe1.9Ni0.1As2 near optimal superconductivity (Tc = 20K). Our work has been motivated by the observation of in-plane resistivity anisotropy in the paramagnetic tetragonal phase of electron-underdoped iron pnictides under uniaxial pressure, which has been attributed to a spin-driven Ising-nematic state or orbital ordering. Here we show that the spin excitation anisotropy, a signature of the spin-driven Ising-nematic phase, exists for energies below 60 meV in uniaxial-strained BaFe1.9Ni0.1As2. Since this energy scale is considerably larger thanmore » the energy splitting of the dxz and dyz bands of uniaxial-strained Ba(Fe1–xCox)2As2 near optimal superconductivity, spin Ising-nematic correlations are likely the driving force for the resistivity anisotropy and associated electronic nematic correlations.« less

  13. Microsoft Word - Figure_05-2015new.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    14 Figure 5. Gross withdrawals of natural gas in the United States, by type of well, 2010-2014 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 From Gas Wells From Oil W ells From C oalbed Wells From Shale Gas Wells billion cubic feet Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-895, "Annual Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Report"; Form EIA-914, "Monthly Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-816, "Monthly Natural Gas Liquids

  14. Fermilab E866 (NuSea) Figures and Data Plots

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    None

    The NuSea Experiment at Fermilab studied the internal structure of protons, in particular the difference between up quarks and down quarks. This experiment also addressed at least two other physics questions: nuclear effects on the production of charmonia states (bound states of charm and anti-charm quarks) and energy loss of quarks in nuclei from Drell-Yan measurements on nuclei. While much of the NuSea data are available only to the collaboration, figures, data plots, and tables are presented as stand-alone items for viewing or download. They are listed in conjunction with the published papers, theses, or presentations in which they first appeared. The date range is 1998 to 2008. To see these figures and plots, click on E866 publications or go directly to http://p25ext.lanl.gov/e866/papers/papers.html. Theses are at http://p25ext.lanl.gov/e866/papers/e866theses/e866theses.html and the presentations are found at http://p25ext.lanl.gov/e866/papers/e866talks/e866talks.html. Many of the items are postscript files.

  15. STAR (Solenoidal Tracker at RHIC) Figures and Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The STAR Collaboration

    The primary physics task of STAR is to study the formation and characteristics of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP), a state of matter believed to exist at sufficiently high energy densities. STAR consists of several types of detectors, each specializing in detecting certain types of particles or characterizing their motion. These detectors work together in an advanced data acquisition and subsequent physics analysis that allows final statements to be made about the collision. The STAR Publications page provides access to all published papers by the STAR Collaboration, and many of them have separate links to the figures and data found in or supporting the paper. See also the data-rich summaries of the research at http://www.star.bnl.gov/central/physics/results/. [See also DDE00230

  16. BRAHMS (Broad Range Hadron Magnetic Spectrometer) Figures and Data Archive

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The BRAHMS experiment was designed to measure charged hadrons over a wide range of rapidity and transverse momentum to study the reaction mechanisms of the relativistic heavy ion reactions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory and the properties of the highly excited nuclear matter formed in these reactions. The experiment took its first data during the RHIC 2000 year run and completed data taking in June 2006. The BRAHMS archive makes publications available and also makes data and figures from those publications available as separate items. See also the complete list of publications, multimedia presentations, and related papers at http://www4.rcf.bnl.gov/brahms/WWW/publications.html

  17. Development of very high Jc in Ba(Fe1-xCox)2As2 thin films grown on CaF2

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Tarantini, C.; Kametani, F.; Lee, S.; Jiang, J.; Weiss, J. D.; Jaroszynski, J.; Hellstrom, E. E.; Eom, C. B.; Larbalestier, D. C.

    2014-12-03

    Ba(Fe1-xCox)2As2 is the most tunable of the Fe-based superconductors (FBS) in terms of acceptance of high densities of self-assembled and artificially introduced pinning centres which are effective in significantly increasing the critical current density, Jc. Moreover, FBS are very sensitive to strain, which induces an important enhancement in critical temperature,Tc, of the material. In this study we demonstrate that strain induced by the substrate can further improve Jc of both single and multilayer films by more than that expected simply due to the increase in Tc. The multilayer deposition of Ba(Fe1-xCox)2As2 on CaF2 increases the pinning force density (Fp=Jc xmore » μ₀H) by more than 60% compared to a single layer film, reaching a maximum of 84 GN/m3 at 22.5 T and 4.2 K, the highest value ever reported in any 122 phase.« less

  18. Systematics of the temperature-dependent interplane resistivity in Ba(Fe1-xMx)₂As₂ (M=Co, Rh, Ni, and Pd)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Tanatar, M. A.; Ni, N.; Thaler, A.; Bud’ko, S. L.; Canfield, P. C.; Prozorov, R.

    2011-07-27

    Temperature-dependent interplane resistivity ρc(T) was measured systematically as a function of transition-metal substitution in the iron-arsenide superconductors Ba(Fe1-xMx)₂As₂, M=Ni, Pd, Rh. The data are compared with the behavior found in Ba(Fe1-xCox)₂As₂, revealing resistive signatures of pseudogap. In all compounds we find resistivity crossover at a characteristic pseudogap temperature T* from nonmetallic to metallic temperature dependence on cooling. Suppression of T* proceeds very similarly in cases of Ni and Pd doping and much faster than in similar cases of Co and Rh doping. In cases of Co and Rh doping an additional minimum in the temperature-dependent ρc emerges for high dopings,more » when superconductivity is completely suppressed. These features are consistent with the existence of a charge gap covering part of the Fermi surface. The part of the Fermi surface affected by this gap is notably larger for Ni- and Pd-doped compositions than in Co- and Rh-doped compounds.« less

  19. Structural perturbations of epitaxial ?-(Fe1-xVx)2O3 thin films driven by excess oxygen near the surface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chamberlin, Sara E.; Kaspar, Tiffany C.; Bowden, Mark E.; Shutthanandan, V.; Kabius, Bernd C.; Heald, Steve M.; Keavney, David; Chambers, Scott A.

    2014-12-21

    We examine the structure and composition of phase-pure epitaxial ?-(Fe1-xVx)2O3 thin films deposited on ?-Al2O3(0001) substrates by oxygen-plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy for 0 ? x ? ~0.5. The films crystallize in the corundum lattice, with vanadium substituting for iron throughout. Vanadium cations exhibit the expected 3+ charge state in the bulk, but exhibit higher valences nearer to the surface, most likely because of excess oxygen in interstitial sites near the surface. The extent of vanadium oxidation beyond the 3+ state is inversely proportional to x. The gradation of vanadium valence with depth may have an impact on local bonding geometries, and could be highly significant in this materials efficiency as a photocatalyst.

  20. The application of a figure of merit for nuclear explosive utility...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Journal Article: The application of a figure of merit for nuclear explosive utility as metric for material attractiveness in a nuclear material theft scenario Citation Details ...

  1. Antiferromagnetic spin correlations and pseudogaplike behavior in Ca(Fe1-xCox)2As2 studied by 75As nuclear magnetic resonance and anisotropic resistivity

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Cui, J.; Roy, B.; Tanatar, M. A.; Ran, S.; Bud'ko, S. L.; Prozorov, R.; Canfield, P. C.; Furukawa, Y.

    2015-11-06

    We report 75As nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements of single-crystalline Ca(Fe1–xCox)2As2 (x=0.023, 0.028, 0.033, and 0.059) annealed at 350°C for 7 days. From the observation of a characteristic shape of 75As NMR spectra in the stripe-type antiferromagnetic (AFM) state, as in the case of x=0 (TN=170 K), clear evidence for the commensurate AFM phase transition with the concomitant structural phase transition is observed in x=0.023 (TN=106 K) and x=0.028 (TN=53 K). Through the temperature dependence of the Knight shifts and the nuclear spin lattice relaxation rates (1/T1), although stripe-type AFM spin fluctuations are realized in the paramagnetic state as inmore » the case of other iron pnictide superconductors, we found a gradual decrease of the AFM spin fluctuations below a crossover temperature T* that was nearly independent of Co-substitution concentration, and it is attributed to a pseudogaplike behavior in the spin excitation spectra of these systems. The T* feature finds correlation with features in the temperature-dependent interplane resistivity, ρc(T), but not with the in-plane resistivity ρa(T). The temperature evolution of anisotropic stripe-type AFM spin fluctuations is tracked in the paramagnetic and pseudogap phases by the 1/T1 data measured under magnetic fields parallel and perpendicular to the c axis. As a result, based on our NMR data, we have added a pseudogaplike phase to the magnetic and electronic phase diagram of Ca(Fe1–xCox)2As2.« less

  2. Antiferromagnetic spin correlations and pseudogaplike behavior in Ca(Fe1xCox)2As2 studied by ??As nuclear magnetic resonance and anisotropic resistivity

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Cui, J.; Roy, B.; Tanatar, M. A.; Ran, S.; Bud'ko, S. L.; Prozorov, R.; Canfield, P. C.; Furukawa, Y.

    2015-11-06

    We report 75As nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements of single-crystalline Ca(Fe1xCox)2As2 (x=0.023, 0.028, 0.033, and 0.059) annealed at 350C for 7 days. From the observation of a characteristic shape of 75As NMR spectra in the stripe-type antiferromagnetic (AFM) state, as in the case of x=0 (TN=170 K), clear evidence for the commensurate AFM phase transition with the concomitant structural phase transition is observed in x=0.023 (TN=106 K) and x=0.028 (TN=53 K). Through the temperature dependence of the Knight shifts and the nuclear spin lattice relaxation rates (1/T1), although stripe-type AFM spin fluctuations are realized in the paramagnetic state as inmorethe case of other iron pnictide superconductors, we found a gradual decrease of the AFM spin fluctuations below a crossover temperature T* that was nearly independent of Co-substitution concentration, and it is attributed to a pseudogaplike behavior in the spin excitation spectra of these systems. The T* feature finds correlation with features in the temperature-dependent interplane resistivity, ?c(T), but not with the in-plane resistivity ?a(T). The temperature evolution of anisotropic stripe-type AFM spin fluctuations is tracked in the paramagnetic and pseudogap phases by the 1/T1 data measured under magnetic fields parallel and perpendicular to the c axis. As a result, based on our NMR data, we have added a pseudogaplike phase to the magnetic and electronic phase diagram of Ca(Fe1xCox)2As2.less

  3. Antiferromagnetic spin correlations and pseudogaplike behavior in Ca(Fe1xCox)2As2 studied by As75 nuclear magnetic resonance and anisotropic resistivity

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Cui, J.; Roy, B.; Tanatar, M. A.; Ran, S.; Bud'ko, S. L.; Prozorov, R.; Canfield, P. C.; Furukawa, Y.

    2015-11-06

    We report 75As nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements of single-crystalline Ca(Fe1xCox)2As2 (x=0.023, 0.028, 0.033, and 0.059) annealed at 350C for 7 days. From the observation of a characteristic shape of 75As NMR spectra in the stripe-type antiferromagnetic (AFM) state, as in the case of x=0 (TN=170 K), clear evidence for the commensurate AFM phase transition with the concomitant structural phase transition is observed in x=0.023 (TN=106 K) and x=0.028 (TN=53 K). Through the temperature dependence of the Knight shifts and the nuclear spin lattice relaxation rates (1/T1), although stripe-type AFM spin fluctuations are realized in the paramagnetic state as inmorethe case of other iron pnictide superconductors, we found a gradual decrease of the AFM spin fluctuations below a crossover temperature T* that was nearly independent of Co-substitution concentration, and it is attributed to a pseudogaplike behavior in the spin excitation spectra of these systems. The T* feature finds correlation with features in the temperature-dependent interplane resistivity, ?c(T), but not with the in-plane resistivity ?a(T). The temperature evolution of anisotropic stripe-type AFM spin fluctuations is tracked in the paramagnetic and pseudogap phases by the 1/T1 data measured under magnetic fields parallel and perpendicular to the c axis. As a result, based on our NMR data, we have added a pseudogaplike phase to the magnetic and electronic phase diagram of Ca(Fe1xCox)2As2.less

  4. Importance of the Fermi-surface topology to the superconducting state of the electron-doped pnictide Ba(Fe1-xCox)₂As₂

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Liu, Chang; Palczewski, A. D.; Dhaka, R. S.; Kondo, Takeshi; Fernandes, R. M.; Mun, E. D.; Hodovanets, H.; Thaler, A. N.; Schmalian, J.; Bud’ko, S. L.; et al

    2011-07-25

    We used angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and thermoelectric power to study the poorly explored, highly overdoped side of the phase diagram of Ba(Fe1-xCox)₂As₂ high-temperature superconductor. Our data demonstrate that several Lifshitz transitions—topological changes of the Fermi surface—occur for large x. The central hole barrel changes to ellipsoids that are centered at Z at x~0.11 and subsequently disappear around x~0.2; changes in thermoelectric power occur at similar x values. Tc decreases and goes to zero around x~0.15—between the two Lifshitz transitions. Beyond x=0.2 the central pocket becomes electron-like and superconductivity does not exist. Our observations reveal the importance of the underlying Fermiologymore » in electron-doped iron arsenides. We speculate that a likely necessary condition for superconductivity in these materials is the presence of the central hole pockets rather than nesting between central and corner pockets.« less

  5. Optical absorption and band gap reduction in (Fe1-xCrx)2O3 solid solutions: A first-principles study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Yong; Lopata, Kenneth A.; Chambers, Scott A.; Govind, Niranjan; Sushko, Petr V.

    2013-12-02

    We provide a detailed theoretical analysis of the character of optical transitions and band gap reduction in (Fe1-xCrx)2O3 solid solutions using extensive periodic model and embedded cluster calculations. Optical absorption bands for x = 0.0, 0.5, and 1.0 are assigned on the basis of timedependent density functional theory (TDDFT) calculations. A band-gap reduction of as much as 0.7 eV with respect to that of pure ?-Fe2O3 is found. This result can be attributed to predominantly two effects: (i) the higher valence band edge for x ? 0.5, as compared to those in pure ?-Fe2O3 and ?-Cr2O3, and, (ii) the appearance of Cr ? Fe dd transitions in the solid solutions. Broadening of the valence band due to hybridization of the O 2p states with Fe and Cr 3d states also contributes to band gap reduction.

  6. ORTEP-III: Oak Ridge Thermal Ellipsoid Plot Program for crystal structure illustrations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burnett, M.N.; Johnson, C.K.

    1996-07-01

    This report describes a computer program for drawing crystal structure illustrations. Ball-and-stick type illustrations of a quality suitable for publication are produced with either spheres or thermal-motion probability ellipsoids on the atomic sites. The program can also produce stereoscopic pairs of illustrations which aid in the visualization of complex packing arrangements of atoms and thermal motion patterns. Interatomic distances, bond angles, and principal axes of thermal motion are also calculated to aid the structural study.

  7. Development of ion beam figuring system with electrostatic deflection for ultraprecise X-ray reflective optics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamada, Jumpei; Matsuyama, Satoshi Sano, Yasuhisa; Yamauchi, Kazuto

    2015-09-15

    We developed an ion beam figuring system that utilizes electrostatic deflection. The system can produce an arbitrary shape by deterministically scanning the ion beam. The scan of the ion beam, which can be precisely controlled using only an electrical signal, enables us to avoid degradation of the mirror shape caused by imperfect acceleration or deceleration of a mechanically scanning stage. Additionally, this surface figuring method can easily be combined with X-ray metrology because the workpiece remains fixed during the figuring. We evaluated the figuring accuracy of the system by fabricating a plano-elliptical mirror for X-ray focusing. A mirror with a shape error of 1.4 nm root mean square (RMS) with a maximum removal depth of 992 nm, which corresponds to figuring accuracy of 0.14% RMS, was achieved. After the second shape corrections, an elliptical shape with a shape error of approximately 1 nm peak-to-valley, 0.48 nm RMS could be fabricated. Then, the mirror surface was smoothed by a low-energy ion beam. Consequently, a micro-roughness of 0.117 nm RMS, measured by atomic force microscopy, was achieved over an area of 1 × 1 μm{sup 2}.

  8. Erratum: Evolution of precipitate morphology during heat treatment and its implications for the superconductivity in KxFe1.6+ySe2 single crystals [Phys. Rev. B 86 , 144507 (2012)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Liu, Y.; Xing, Q.; Dennis, K. W.; McCallum, R. W.; Lograsso, T. A.

    2015-08-14

    In this article, we study the relationship between precipitate morphology and superconductivity in KxFe1.6+ySe2 single crystals grown by self-flux method. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) measurements revealed that the superconducting phase forms a network in the samples quenched above iron vacancy order-disorder transition temperature Ts, whereas it aggregates into micrometer-sized rectangular bars and aligns as disconnected chains in the furnace-cooled samples.

  9. Effect of cold rolling on the microstructure and mechanical properties of Al0.25CoCrFe1.25Ni1.25 high-entropy alloy

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wang, Z.; Gao, M. C.; Ma, S. G.; Yang, H. J.; Wang, Z. H.; Ziomek-Moroz, M.; Qiao, J. W.

    2015-08-05

    Cold rolling can break down the as-cast dendrite microstructure and thus may have pronounced impact on the mechanical behavior of the alloy. In the present study, the effect of cold rolling on the microstructure and mechanical properties of Al0.25CoCrFe1.25Ni1.25 high-entropy alloy in the face-centered cubic structure was investigated. With increasing the thickness reduction from cold rolling, the hardness, the yield strength, and the fracture strength increased at the cost of reducing ductility. At the thickness reduction of 80%, the tensile strength (hardness) was 702 MPa (406 MPa), 1.62 (2.43) times that in the as-cast condition. Compared to traditional alloys, Al0.25CoCrFe1.25Ni1.25more » has the highest hardening rate with respect to CR thickness reduction. Lastly, the phase relation and the mixing properties of Gibbs free energy, enthalpy and entropy of AlxCoCrFe1.25Ni1.25 were predicted using the CALPHAD method.« less

  10. Possible origin of the nonmonotonic doping dependence of the in-plane resistivity anisotropy of Ba(Fe1-xTx)₂As₂ (T=Co, Ni and Cu)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kuo, Hsueh-Hui; Chu, Jiun-Haw; Riggs, Scott C.; Yu, Leo; McMahon, Peter L.; De Greve, Kristiaan; Yamamoto, Yoshihisa; Analytis, James G.; Fisher, Ian R.

    2011-08-15

    The in-plane resistivity anisotropy has been measured for detwinned single crystals of Ba(Fe1-xNix)₂As₂ and Ba(Fe1-xCux)₂As₂. The data reveal a nonmonotonic doping dependence, similar to previous observations for Ba(Fe1-xCox)₂As₂. Magnetotransport measurements of the parent compound reveal a nonlinear Hall coefficient and a large linear term in the transverse magnetoresistance. Both effects are rapidly suppressed with chemical substitution over a similar compositional range as the onset of the large in-plane resistivity anisotropy. This suggests that the relatively small in-plane anisotropy of the parent compound in the spin-density wave state is due to the presence of an isotropic, high mobility pocket of themore » reconstructed Fermi surface. Progressive suppression of the contribution to the conductivity arising from this isotropic pocket with chemical substitution eventually reveals the underlying in-plane anisotropy associated with the remaining Fermi surface pockets« less

  11. Illustrative Calculation of Economics for Heat Pump and "Grid-Enabled"

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Water Heaters | Department of Energy Illustrative Calculation of Economics for Heat Pump and "Grid-Enabled" Water Heaters Illustrative Calculation of Economics for Heat Pump and "Grid-Enabled" Water Heaters Rate discount calculation for DR WH.pdf (55 KB) More Documents & Publications Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Performance of a Heat Pump Water Heater in the Hot-Humid Climate, Windermere, Florida (Fact Sheet) Building America

  12. Framework and algorithms for illustrative visualizations of time-varying flows on unstructured meshes

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Rattner, Alexander S.; Guillen, Donna Post; Joshi, Alark; Garimella, Srinivas

    2016-03-17

    Photo- and physically realistic techniques are often insufficient for visualization of fluid flow simulations, especially for 3D and time-varying studies. Substantial research effort has been dedicated to the development of non-photorealistic and illustration-inspired visualization techniques for compact and intuitive presentation of such complex datasets. However, a great deal of work has been reproduced in this field, as many research groups have developed specialized visualization software. Additionally, interoperability between illustrative visualization software is limited due to diverse processing and rendering architectures employed in different studies. In this investigation, a framework for illustrative visualization is proposed, and implemented in MarmotViz, a ParaViewmore » plug-in, enabling its use on a variety of computing platforms with various data file formats and mesh geometries. Region-of-interest identification and feature-tracking algorithms incorporated into this tool are described. Implementations of multiple illustrative effect algorithms are also presented to demonstrate the use and flexibility of this framework. Here, by providing an integrated framework for illustrative visualization of CFD data, MarmotViz can serve as a valuable asset for the interpretation of simulations of ever-growing scale.« less

  13. Generalized Framework and Algorithms for Illustrative Visualization of Time-Varying Data on Unstructured Meshes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alexander S. Rattner; Donna Post Guillen; Alark Joshi

    2012-12-01

    Photo- and physically-realistic techniques are often insufficient for visualization of simulation results, especially for 3D and time-varying datasets. Substantial research efforts have been dedicated to the development of non-photorealistic and illustration-inspired visualization techniques for compact and intuitive presentation of such complex datasets. While these efforts have yielded valuable visualization results, a great deal of work has been reproduced in studies as individual research groups often develop purpose-built platforms. Additionally, interoperability between illustrative visualization software is limited due to specialized processing and rendering architectures employed in different studies. In this investigation, a generalized framework for illustrative visualization is proposed, and implemented in marmotViz, a ParaView plugin, enabling its use on variety of computing platforms with various data file formats and mesh geometries. Detailed descriptions of the region-of-interest identification and feature-tracking algorithms incorporated into this tool are provided. Additionally, implementations of multiple illustrative effect algorithms are presented to demonstrate the use and flexibility of this framework. By providing a framework and useful underlying functionality, the marmotViz tool can act as a springboard for future research in the field of illustrative visualization.

  14. Long range self-assembly of polythiophene breath figures: Optical and morphological characterization

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Routh, Prahlad K.; Nykypanchuk, Dmytro; Venkatesh, T. A.; Cotlet, Mircea

    2015-09-01

    Large area, device relevant sized microporous thin films are formed with commercially available polythiophenes by the breath figure technique, a water-assisted micro patterning method, with such semitransparent thin films exhibiting periodicity and uniformity dictated by the length of the polymer side chain. Compared to drop casted thin films, the microporous thin films exhibit increased crystallinity due to stronger packing of the polymer inside the honeycomb frame.

  15. A Framework for Geometric Reasoning About Human Figures and Factors in Assembly Processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Calton, Terri L.

    1999-07-20

    Automatic assembly sequencing and visualization tools are valuable in determining the best assembly sequences, but without Human Factors and Figure Models (HFFMs) it is difficult to evaluate or visualize human interaction. In industry, accelerating technological advances and shorter market windows have forced companies to turn to an agile manufacturing paradigm. This trend has promoted computerized automation of product design and manufacturing processes, such as automated assembly planning. However, all automated assembly planning software tools assume that the individual components fly into their assembled configuration and generate what appear to be perfectly valid operations, but in reality some operations cannot physically be carried out by a human. For example, the use of a ratchet may be reasoned feasible for an assembly operation; however, when a hand is placed on the tool the operation is no longer feasible, perhaps because of inaccessibility, insufficient strength or human interference with assembly components. Similarly, human figure modeling algorithms may indicate that assembly operations are not feasible and consequently force design modifications, however, if they had the capability to quickly generate alternative assembly sequences, they might have identified a feasible solution. To solve this problem, HFFMs must be integrated with automated assembly planning which allows engineers to quickly verify that assembly operations are possible and to see ways to make the designs even better. This paper presents a framework for integrating geometry-based assembly planning algorithms with commercially available human figure modeling software packages. Experimental results to selected applications along with lessons learned are presented.

  16. Nuclear Detection Figure Of Merit (NDFOM) Version 1.2 User's Guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stroud, Phillip D; Dufresne, Thomas A.

    2012-08-27

    NDFOM is a detector database and detector evaluation system, accessible as a web service. It runs on the same server as the Patriot service, but uses port 8081. In this user's guide, we will use the example case that the patriot service is running on http://patriot.lanl.gov. Then the NDFOM service would be accessible at the URL http://patriot.lanl.gov:8081/ndfom. In addition to local server installations, common server locations are 1) a patriot server running on a virtual machine (use the virtual machine URL with :8081/ndfom), and 2) a patriot server running on a local machine (use http://localhost:8081/ndfom or http://127.0.0.1:8081/ndfom). The home screen provides panels to select detectors, a scenario, and a figure-of-merit. It also has an 'analyze' button, which will evaluate the selected figure-of-merit for the selected detectors, for the scenario selected by the user. The detector effectiveness evaluations are presented through the browser in a ranked list of detectors. The user does not need to log in to perform analysis with pre-supplied detectors, scenarios, and FOMs. The homepage view is shown in Figure 1. The first panel displays a list of the detectors in the current detector database. The user can select one, some, or all detectors to evaluate. On the right of each listed detector, there is a star icon. Clicking that icon will open a panel that displays the details about that detector, such as detector material, dimensions, thresholds, etc. The center panel displays the pre-supplied scenarios that are in the database. A scenario specifies the source of interest, the spectrum of the radiation, the background radiation spectrum, the distance or distance of closest approach, the allowable false positive rate, and the dwell time or speed. Scenario details can be obtained by clicking the star to the right of a scenario. A scenario can be selected by clicking it.

  17. High thermoelectric figure of merit in nanocrystalline polyaniline at low temperatures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nath, Chandrani; Kumar, Ashok E-mail: okram@csr.res.in; Kuo, Yung-Kang; Okram, Gunadhor Singh E-mail: okram@csr.res.in

    2014-09-29

    Thermoelectric coolers with figure of merit (ZT) close to unity at low temperatures are the need of the hour with new advances in high temperature superconductors, superconducting microelectronic circuits, quantum computers, and photonics. Here, we demonstrate that the conducting polymer polyaniline (Pani) doped with camphor sulfonic acid synthesized in semi-crystalline nanostructures, possesses a giant Seebeck effect at low temperatures. The resulting enormously large Seebeck coefficient (up to 0.6 V/K) combined with an intrinsically low electrical conductivity and thermal conductivity give rise to a ZT = 0.77 at 45 K and ZT = 2.17 at 17 K.

  18. Imaging the surface morphology, chemistry and conductivity of LiNi 1/3 Fe 1/3 Mn 4/3 O 4 crystalline facets using scanning transmission X-ray microscopy

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhou, Jigang; Wang, Jian; Cutler, Jeffrey; Hu, Enyuan; Yang, Xiao-Qing

    2016-07-26

    We have employed scanning transmission X-ray microscopy (STXM) using the X-ray fluorescence mode in order to elucidate the chemical structures at Ni, Fe, Mn and O sites from the (111) and (100) facets of micron-sized LiNi1/3Fe1/3Mn4/3O4 energy material particles. Furthermore, STXM imaging using electron yield mode has mapped out the surface conductivity of the crystalline particles. Our study presents a novel approach that visualizes local element segregation, chemistry and conductivity variation among different crystal facets, which will assist further tailoring of the morphology and surface structure of this high voltage spinel lithium ion battery cathode material.

  19. Organic-Acid-Assisted Fabrication of Low-Cost Li-Rich Cathode Material (Li[Li1/6Fe1/6Ni1/6Mn1/2]O-2) for Lithium-Ion Battery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhao, Taolin; Chen, Shi; Li, Li; Zhang, Xiaoxiao; Wu, Huiming; Wu, Tianpin; Sun, Cheng-Jun; Chen, Renjie; Wu, Feng; Lu, Jun; Amine, Khalil

    2014-12-24

    A novel Li-rich cathode Li[Li1/6Fe1/6Ni1/6Mn1/2]O-2 (0.4Li(2)MnO(3-)0.6LiFe(1/3)Ni(1/3)Mn(1/3)O(2)) was synthesized by a solgel method, which uses citric acid (SC), tartaric acid (ST), or adipic acid (SA) as a chelating agent. The structural, morphological, and electrochemical properties of the prepared samples were characterized by various methods. X-ray diffraction showed that single-phase materials are formed mainly with typical alpha-NaFeO2 layered structure (R3 m), and the SC sample has the lowest Li/Ni cation disorder. The morphological study indicated homogeneous primary particles in good distribution size (100 nm) with small aggregates. The Fe, Ni, and Mn valences were determined by X-ray absorption near-edge structure analysis. In coin cell tests, the initial reversible discharge capacity of an SA electrode was 289.7 mAh g(-1) at the 0.1C rate in the 1.54.8 V voltage range, while an SC electrode showed a better cycling stability with relatively high capacity retention. At the 2C rate, the SC electrode can deliver a discharge capacity of 150 mAh g(-1) after 50 cycles. Differential capacity vs voltage curves were employed to further investigate the electrochemical reactions and the structural change process during cycling. This low-cost, Fe-based compound prepared by the solgel method has the potential to be used as the high capacity cathode material for Liion batteries.

  20. Method and system for optical figuring by imagewise heating of a solvent

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rushford, Michael C.

    2005-08-30

    A method and system of imagewise etching the surface of a substrate, such as thin glass, in a parallel process. The substrate surface is placed in contact with an etchant solution which increases in etch rate with temperature. A local thermal gradient is then generated in each of a plurality of selected local regions of a boundary layer of the etchant solution to imagewise etch the substrate surface in a parallel process. In one embodiment, the local thermal gradient is a local heating gradient produced at selected addresses chosen from an indexed array of addresses. The activation of each of the selected addresses is independently controlled by a computer processor so as to imagewise etch the substrate surface at region-specific etch rates. Moreover, etching progress is preferably concurrently monitored in real time over the entire surface area by an interferometer so as to deterministically control the computer processor to image-wise figure the substrate surface where needed.

  1. PHENIX (Pioneering High Energy Nuclear Interaction eXperiment): Data Tables and Figures from Published Papers

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The PHENIX Experiment is the largest of the four experiments currently taking data at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. PHENIX, the Pioneering High Energy Nuclear Interaction eXperiment, is an exploratory experiment for the investigation of high energy collisions of heavy ions and protons. PHENIX is designed specifically to measure direct probes of the collisions such as electrons, muons, and photons. The primary goal of PHENIX is to discover and study a new state of matter called the Quark-Gluon Plasma. More than 60 published papers and preprints are listed here with links to the full text and separate links to the supporting PHENIX data in plain text tables and to EPS and GIF figures from the papers.

  2. Gamma and neutron detection modeling in the nuclear detection figure of merit (NDFOM) portal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stroud, Phillip D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Saeger, Kevin J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    The Nuclear Detection Figure Of Merit (NDFOM) portal is a database of objects and algorithms for evaluating the performance of radiation detectors to detect nuclear material. This paper describes the algorithms used to model the physics and mathematics of radiation detection. As a first-principles end-to-end analysis system, it starts with the representation of the gamma and neutron spectral fluxes, which are computed with the particle and radiation transport code MCNPX. The gamma spectra emitted by uranium, plutonium, and several other materials of interest are described. The impact of shielding and other intervening material is computed by the method of build-up factors. The interaction of radiation with the detector material is computed by a detector response function approach. The construction of detector response function matrices based on MCNPX simulation runs is described in detail. Neutron fluxes are represented in a three group formulation to treat differences in detector sensitivities to thermal, epithermal, and fast neutrons.

  3. Energy Flow: Flow Charts Illustrating United States Energy Resources and Usage, from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Decision makers have long recognized the importance of visualizing energy and material flows in a way that distinguishes between resources, transformations and services. Research priorities can be defined in terms of changes to the flows, and the consequences of policy or technology shifts can be traced both upstream and downstream. The usefulness of this top-down view is limited by the level of detail that can be conveyed in a single image. We use two techniques to balance information content with readability. First we employe visualization techniques, such as those embodied in the energy Sankey diagram below (Figure 1), to display both qualitative (relative line weight) and quantitative (listed values) information in a reader-friendly package. The second method is to augment static images with dynamic, scalable digital content containing multiple layers (e.g. energy, carbon and economic data). This transitions the audience from that of a passive reader to an active user of the information. When used in conjunction these approaches enable relatively large, interconnected processes to be described and analyzed efficiently. [copied from the description at http://en.openei.org/wiki/LLNL_Energy_Flow_Charts#cite_note-1

  4. Radioisotope Thermophotovoltaic (RTPV) Generator and Its Applicability to an Illustrative Space Mission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schock, A.; Mukunda, M.; Or, T.; Kumar, V.; Summers, G.

    1994-02-14

    The paper describes the results of a DOE-sponsored design study of a radioisotope thermophotovoltaic generator (RTPV), to complement similar studies of Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTGs) and Stirling Generators (RSGs) previously published by the author. Instead of conducting a generic study, it was decided to focus the design effort by directing it at a specific illustrative space mission, Pluto Fast Flyby (PFF). That mission, under study by JPL, envisages a direct eight-year flight to Pluto (the only unexplored planet in the solar system), followed by comprehensive mapping, surface composition, and atmospheric structure measurements during a brief flyby of the planet and its moon Charon, and transmission of the recorded science data to Earth during a post-encounter cruise lasting up to one year.

  5. Phase transition enhanced thermoelectric figure-of-merit in copper chalcogenides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, David R.; Day, Tristan; Snyder, G. Jeffrey; Borup, Kasper A.; Christensen, Sebastian; Iversen, Bo B.

    2013-11-01

    While thermoelectric materials can be used for solid state cooling, waste heat recovery, and solar electricity generation, low values of the thermoelectric figure of merit, zT, have led to an efficiency too low for widespread use. Thermoelectric effects are characterized by the Seebeck coefficient or thermopower, which is related to the entropy associated with charge transport. For example, coupling spin entropy with the presence of charge carriers has enabled the enhancement of zT in cobalt oxides. We demonstrate that the coupling of a continuous phase transition to carrier transport in Cu{sub 2}Se over a broad (360–410 K) temperature range results in a dramatic peak in thermopower, an increase in phonon and electron scattering, and a corresponding doubling of zT (to 0.7 at 406 K), and a similar but larger increase over a wider temperature range in the zT of Cu{sub 1.97}Ag{sub .03}Se (almost 1.0 at 400 K). The use of structural entropy for enhanced thermopower could lead to new engineering approaches for thermoelectric materials with high zT and new green applications for thermoelectrics.

  6. Multiple-Filled Skutterudites: High Thermoelectric Figure of Merit through Separately Optimizing Electrical and Thermal Transports

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Weiqing; Yang, Jiong; Yang, Jihui; Wang, Hsin; Salvador, James R.; Shi, Xun; Chi, Miaofang; Cho, Jung Y; Bai, Shengqiang; Chen, Lidong

    2011-01-01

    Skutterudites CoSb{sub 3} with multiple cofillers Ba, La, and Yb were synthesized and very high thermoelectric figure of merit ZT = 1.7 at 850 K was realized. X-ray diffraction of the densified multiple-filled bulk samples reveals all samples are phase pure. High-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) analysis confirm that multiple guest fillers occupy the nanoscale-cages in the skutterudites. The fillers are further shown to be uniformly distributed and the Co-Sb skutterudite framework is virtually unperturbed from atomic scale to a few micrometers. Our results firmly show that high power factors can be realized by adjusting the total filling fraction of fillers with different charge states to reach the optimum carrier density, at the same time, lattice thermal conductivity can also be significantly reduced, to values near the glass limit of these materials, through combining filler species of different rattling frequencies to achieve broad-frequency phonon scattering. Therefore, partially filled skutterudites with multiple fillers of different chemical nature render unique structural characteristics for optimizing electrical and thermal transports in a relatively independent way, leading to continually enhanced ZT values from single- to double-, and finally to multiple-filled skutterudites. The idea of combining multiple fillers with different charge states and rattling frequencies for performance optimization is also expected to be valid for other caged TE compounds.

  7. Qualification of data obtained during a severe accident. Illustrative examples from TMI-2 evaluations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rempe, Joy L.; Knudson, Darrell L.

    2015-02-01

    The accidents at the Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI-2) Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) and the Daiichi Units 1, 2, and 3 Boiling Water Reactors (BWRs) provide unique opportunities to evaluate instrumentation exposed to severe accident conditions. Conditions associated with the release of coolant and the hydrogen burn that occurred during the TMI-2 accident exposed instrumentation to harsh conditions, including direct radiation, radioactive contamination, and high humidity with elevated temperatures and pressures. Post-TMI-2 instrumentation evaluation programs focused on data required by TMI-2 operators to assess the condition of the reactor and containment and the effect of mitigating actions taken by these operators. Prior efforts also focused on sensors providing data required for subsequent forensic evaluations and accident simulations. This paper provides additional details related to the formal process used to develop a qualified TMI-2 data base and presents data qualification details for three parameters: reactor coolant system (RCS) pressure; containment building temperature; and containment pressure. These selected examples illustrate the types of activities completed in the TMI-2 data qualification process and the importance of such a qualification effort. These details are described to facilitate implementation of a similar process using data and examinations at the Daiichi Units 1, 2, and 3 reactors so that BWR-specific benefits can be obtained.

  8. TALSPEAK CURVE: AN ILLUSTRATION OF A SEE-SAW EFFECT IN SEPARATIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peter Zalupski; Leigh Martin

    2010-11-01

    A superbly balanced thermodynamic struggle for metal ion coordination by aqueous aminopolycarboxylate reagent, DTPA, and non-aqueous organophosphorous phase transfer reagent, HDEHP, affords the separation of trivalent actinides from trivalent lanthanides under the umbrella of the Talspeak liquid-liquid distribution process. This thermodynamic relationship has been linked to an analogous see-saw behavior, where the balance is distorted when either of the key complexing players is subject to adverse conditions that interfere with their optimal operation. The thermodynamic balance is tipped in favour of HDEHP whenever increased acidity of the aqueous solution out-competes the metal ion complexation by aqueous complexing agent. Also enhanced steric crowding may switch-off efficient coordination of the metal ion. When HDEHP is depolymerised due to the presence of aliphatic alcohol in the organic phase its phase transferring power is diminished. Such complication paves way for DTPA to establish its dominance on the distribution of trivalent metal ions in the 2-phase system. The illustrated sensitivity of the thermodynamic balance between DTPA and HDEHP in Talspeak-type systems may serve as informative tool when studying less-predictable realms of Talspeak chemistry.

  9. Analysis, Optimization, and Assessment of Radioisotope Thermophotovoltaic System Design for an Illustrative Space Mission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schock, Alfred; Mukunda, Meera; Summers, G.

    1994-06-28

    A companion paper presented at this conference described the design of a Radioisotope Thermophotovoltaic (RTPV) Generator for an illustrative space mission (Pluto Fast Flyby). It presented a detailed design of an integrated system consisting of a radioisotope heat source, a thermophotovoltaic converter, and an optimized heat rejection system. The present paper describes the thermal, electrical, and structural analyses which led to that optimized design, and compares the computed RTPV performance to that of a Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) designed for the same mission. RTPV's are of course much less mature than RTGs, but our results indicate that - when fully developed - they could result in a 60% reduction of the heat source's mass, cost, and fuel loading, a 50% reduction of generator mass, a tripling of the power system's specific power, and a quadrupling of its efficiency. The paper concludes by briefly summarizing the RTPV's current technology status and assessing its potential applicability for the PFF mission. For other power systems (e.g. RTGs), demonstrating their flight readiness for a long mission is a very time-consuming process to determine the long-term effect of temperature-induced degradation mechanisms. But for the case of the described RTPV design, the paper lists a number of factors, primarily its cold (0 to 10 degrees C) converter temperature, that may greatly reduce the need for long-term tests to demonstrate generator lifetime. In any event, our analytical results suggest that the RTPV generator, when developed by DOE and/or NASA, would be quite valuable not only for the Pluto mission but also for other future missions requiring small, long-lived, low mass generators. Another copy is in the Energy Systems files.

  10. The distribution of an illustrated timeline wall chart and teacher's guide of 20th century physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwartz, Brian

    2000-12-26

    The American Physical Society's part of its centennial celebration in March of 1999 decided to develop a timeline wall chart on the history of 20th century physics. This resulted in eleven consecutive posters, which when mounted side by side, create a 23-foot mural. The timeline exhibits and describes the millstones of physics in images and words. The timeline functions as a chronology, a work of art, a permanent open textbook, and a gigantic photo album covering a hundred years in the life of the community of physicists and the existence of the American Physical Society. Each of the eleven posters begins with a brief essay that places a major scientific achievement of the decade in its historical context. Large portraits of the essays' subjects include youthful photographs of Marie Curie, Albert Einstein, and Richard Feynman among others, to help put a face on science. Below the essays, a total of over 130 individual discoveries and inventions, explained in dated text boxes with accompanying images, form the backbone of the timeline. For ease of comprehension, this wealth of material is organized into five color-coded story lines the stretch horizontally across the hundred years of the 20th century. The five story lines are: Cosmic Scale, relate the story of astrophysics and cosmology; Human Scale, refers to the physics of the more familiar distances from the global to the microscopic; Atomic Scale, focuses on the submicroscopic world of atoms, nuclei and quarks; Living World, chronicles the interaction of physics with biology and medicine; Technology, traces the applications of physic to everyday living. Woven into the bottom border of the timeline are period images of significant works of art, architecture, and technological artifacts such as telephones, automobiles, aircraft, computers, and appliances. The last poster, covering the years since 1995, differs from the others. Its essay concerns the prospect for physics into the next century, and is illustrated

  11. Sharing Experiences within AREVA D and D Project Portfolio: Four Illustrations - 13049

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chabeuf, Jean-Michel; Varet, Thierry; AREVA Site Value Development Business Unit, La Hague Site

    2013-07-01

    Over the past ten years, AREVA has performed D and D operations on a wide range of nuclear sites, such as Marcoule and La Hague recycling plants, to Cadarache MOX fuel fabrication plant or Veurey and Annecy metallic Uranium machining plants. Each site is different from the other but some lessons can be shared through this D and D portfolio. In that respect, knowledge management is one of AREVA D and D Technical Department main missions. Four illustrations demonstrate the interest of knowledge share. Waste management is one of the key activities in D and D; It requires a specific characterization methodology, adapted logistics, and optimized waste channels, all of which have been developed over the years by AREVA teams on the site of Marcoule while they are rather new to La Hague, whose main activity remains fuel reprocessing despite the launch of UP2 400 D and D program. The transfer of know how has thus been organized over the past two years. Plasma cutting has been used extensively in Marcoule for years, while prohibited on the site of La Hague following questions raised about the risks associated wit Ruthenium sublimation. La Hague Technical Department has thus developed an experimental protocol to quantify and contain the Ruthenium risk, the result of which will then be applied to Marcoule where the Ruthenium issue has appeared in recent operations. Commissioning and operating fission products evaporators is a rather standard activity on UP2 800 and UP3, while the associated experience has been decreasing in Marcoule following final shutdown in 1998. When the French atomic Energy commission decided to build and operate a new evaporator to concentrate rinsing effluents prior to vitrification in 2009, AREVA La Hague operators were mobilized to test and commission the new equipment, and train local operators. Concrete scabbling is the final stage prior to the free release of a nuclear facility. In the context of Veurey and Annecy final cleanup and declassification

  12. Test procedures and protocols: Their relevance to the figure of merit for thermal distribution systems. Volume 1: Informal report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andrews, J.W.

    1993-09-01

    A conceptual framework is developed that categorizes measurement protocols for forced-air thermal distribution systems in small buildings. This framework is based on the distinction between two generic approaches. The {open_quote}system-comparison{close_quote} approach seeks to determine, via a pair of whole-house energy-use measurements, the difference in energy use between the house with the as-found duct system and the same house with no energy losses attributable to the thermal distribution system. The {open_quote}component loss-factor{close_quote} approach identifies and measures the individual causes of duct losses, and then builds up a value for the net overall duct efficiency, usually with the help of computer simulation. Examples of each approach are analyzed and related to a proposed Figure of Merit for thermal distribution systems. This Figure of Merit would serve as the basis for a Standard Method of Test analogous to those already in place for furnaces, boilers, air conditioners, and heat pumps.

  13. Extracting grain-orientation-dependent data from in situ time-of-flight neutron diffraction. I. Inverse pole figures

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Stoica, Grigoreta M.; Stoica, Alexandru Dan; An, Ke; Ma, Dong; Vogel, S. C.; Carpenter, J. S.; Wang, Xun-Li

    2014-11-28

    The problem of calculating the inverse pole figure (IPF) is analyzed from the perspective of the application of time-of flight neutron diffraction toin situmonitoring of the thermomechanical behavior of engineering materials. On the basis of a quasi-Monte Carlo (QMC) method, a consistent set of grain orientations is generated and used to compute the weighting factors for IPF normalization. The weighting factors are instrument dependent and were calculated for the engineering materials diffractometer VULCAN (Spallation Neutron Source, Oak Ridge National Laboratory). The QMC method is applied to face-centered cubic structures and can be easily extended to other crystallographic symmetries. Examples includemore » 316LN stainless steelin situloaded in tension at room temperature and an Al–2%Mg alloy, substantially deformed by cold rolling and in situannealed up to 653 K.« less

  14. Surfactant-Free Synthesis of Bi?Te?-Te Micro-Nano Heterostructure with Enhanced Thermoelectric Figure of Merit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Yichi; Wang, Heng; Kraemer, Stephan; Shi, Yifeng; Zhang, Fan; Snedaker, Matt; Ding, Kunlun; Moskovits, Martin; Snyder, G. Jeffrey; Stucky, Galen D.

    2011-01-01

    An ideal thermoelectric material would be a semiconductor with high electrical conductivity and relatively low thermal conductivity: an electron crystal, phonon glass. Introducing nanoscale heterostructures into the bulk TE matrix is one way of achieving this intuitively anomalous electron/phonon transport behavior. The heterostructured interfaces are expected to play a significant role in phonon scattering to reduce thermal conductivity and in the energy-dependent scattering of electrical carriers to improve the Seebeck coefficient. A nanoparticle building block assembly approach is plausible to fabricate three-dimensional heterostructured materials on a bulk commercial scale. However, a key problem in applying this strategy is the possible negative impact on TE performance of organic residue from the nanoparticle capping ligands. Herein, we report a wet chemical, surfactant-free, low-temperature, and easily up-scalable strategy for the synthesis of nanoscale heterophase Bi?Te?-Te via a galvanic replacement reaction. The micro-nano heterostructured material is fabricated bottom-up, by mixing the heterophase with commercial Bi?Te?. This unique structure shows an enhanced zT value of ~0.4 at room temperature. This heterostructure has one of the highest figures of merit among bismuth telluride systems yet achieved by a wet chemical bottom-up assembly. In addition, it shows a 40% enhancement of the figure of merit over our lab-made material without nanoscale heterostructures. This enhancement is mainly due to the decrease in the thermal conductivity while maintaining the power factor. Overall, this cost-efficient and room-temperature synthesis methodology provides the potential for further improvement and large-scale thermoelectric applications.

  15. MECS Fuel Oil Figures

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Energy Consumption Survey (MECS): Consumption of Energy; U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM): Statistics for Industry...

  16. Figures and Data Plots from the Published Papers of the BELLE Experiment at the KEK - B Factory

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    This resource provides more than 300 citations to preprints and papers with the figures from each one pulled out separately for easy access and downloading. These are physics publications. Be sure to also see the page of Technical Journal publications at http://belle.kek.jp/belle/bellenim/index.htm and the lists of conference presentations from 2000 through 2009. Belle is a high-energy physics (HEP) experiment that began in 1999 at the KEK B-factory in Japan under the direction of the international Belle Collaboration. The original Letter of Intent from the Collaboration stated their scientific goal as follows:

    The laws of nature have a high degree of symmetry between matter and antimatter; violations of this symmetry, the so-called CP violations, are only seen as a small effect in the decays of neutral K mesons. Although experimental evidence for CP violation was first observed 30 years ago, we still do not understand how they occur. In 1973, Kobayashi and Maskawa (KM) noted that CP violation could be accommodated in the Standard Model only if there were at least six quark flavors, twice the number of quark flavors known at that time. The KM model for CP violation is now considered to be an essential part of the Standard Model. In 1980, Sanda and Carter pointed out that the KM model contained the possibility of rather sizable CP violating asymmetries in certain decay modes of the B meson. The subsequent observation of a long b quark lifetime and a large amount of mixing in the neutral B meson system indicated that it would be feasible to carry out decisive tests of the KM model by studying B meson decays. Our collaboration has been formed around the common interest of clarifying the long standing physics puzzle of CP violation. Our goal is to make a definitive test of the Standard ModelÆs predictions for CP violations in the decays of B mesons. [Copied, with editing, from Letter of Intent (KEK-Report94-2, April 1994); see http

  17. Figures and Data Plots from the Published Papers of the BELLE Experiment at the KEK - B Factory

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    This resource provides more than 300 citations to preprints and papers with the figures from each one pulled out separately for easy access and downloading. These are physics publications. Be sure to also see the page of Technical Journal publications at http://belle.kek.jp/belle/bellenim/index.htm and the lists of conference presentations from 2000 through 2009. Belle is a high-energy physics (HEP) experiment that began in 1999 at the KEK B-factory in Japan under the direction of the international Belle Collaboration. The original Letter of Intent from the Collaboration stated their scientific goal as follows:

    The laws of nature have a high degree of symmetry between matter and antimatter; violations of this symmetry, the so-called CP violations, are only seen as a small effect in the decays of neutral K mesons. Although experimental evidence for CP violation was first observed 30 years ago, we still do not understand how they occur. In 1973, Kobayashi and Maskawa (KM) noted that CP violation could be accommodated in the Standard Model only if there were at least six quark flavors, twice the number of quark flavors known at that time. The KM model for CP violation is now considered to be an essential part of the Standard Model. In 1980, Sanda and Carter pointed out that the KM model contained the possibility of rather sizable CP violating asymmetries in certain decay modes of the B meson. The subsequent observation of a long b quark lifetime and a large amount of mixing in the neutral B meson system indicated that it would be feasible to carry out decisive tests of the KM model by studying B meson decays. Our collaboration has been formed around the common interest of clarifying the long standing physics puzzle of CP violation. Our goal is to make a definitive test of the Standard Models predictions for CP violations in the decays of B mesons. [Copied, with editing, from Letter of Intent (KEK-Report94-2, April 1994); see http

  18. Record figure of merit values of highly stoichiometric Sb2Te3 porous bulk synthesized from tailor-made molecular precursors in ionic liquids

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Heimann, Stefan; Schulz, Stephan; Schaumann, Julian; Mudring, Anja; Stötzel, Julia; Maculewicz, Franziska; Schierning, Gabi

    2015-08-06

    We report on the synthesis of Sb2Te3 nanoparticles with record-high figure of merit values of up to 1.5. The central thermoelectric parameters, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity and Seebeck coefficient, were independently optimized. Critical influence of porosity for the fabrication of highly efficient thermoelectric materials is firstly demonstrated, giving a strong guidance for the optimization of other thermoelectric materials.

  19. A Critical Examination of Figure of Merit (FOM). Assessing the Goodness-of-Fit in Gamma/X-ray Peak Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Croft, S.; Favalli, Andrea; Weaver, Brian Phillip; Williams, Brian J.; Burr, Thomas Lee; Henzlova, Daniela; McElroy, R. D.

    2015-10-06

    In this paper we develop and investigate several criteria for assessing how well a proposed spectral form fits observed spectra. We consider the classical improved figure of merit (FOM) along with several modifications, as well as criteria motivated by Poisson regression from the statistical literature. We also develop a new FOM that is based on the statistical idea of the bootstrap. A spectral simulator has been developed to assess the performance of these different criteria under multiple data configurations.

  20. Optical Absorption and Spectral Photoconductivity in α-(Fe1...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The onset of -Fe2O3 photoconductivity can be reduced by nearly 0.5 eV through addition of Cr. Authors: Chamberlin, Sara E. 1 ; Wang, Yong 1 ; Lopata, Kenneth A. 1 ; ...

  1. Linear Fresnel Power Plant Illustration

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    With this concentrating solar power (CSP) graphic, flat or slightly curved mirrors mounted on trackers on the ground are configured to reflect sunlight onto a receiver tube fixed in space above these mirrors. A small parabolic mirror is sometimes added atop the receiver to further focus the sunlight. Linear CSP collectors capture the sun's energy with large mirrors that reflect and focus the sunlight onto a linear receiver tube. The receiver contains a fluid that is heated by the sunlight and then used to create superheated steam that spins a turbine that drives a generator to produce electricity.

  2. Cover Illustration by Stephen Anderson

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    New Deal Energy Policies and the Pittsburgh Coal-Hydrogenation Plant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... when charges of explosives are fired from a cannon show graphically the ...

  3. Microsoft Word - figure_03.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Oil and Gas Reserves"; PointLogic Energy; Ventyx; and the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement, and predecessor agencies. IN OH TN WV VA KY MD PA NY VT NH MA CT ME RI ...

  4. EIS_Summary_TextandFigures

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... 7. Few differences in impacts related to geology and soils were noted between the HVDC ... Proposed Route because of the regional nature of many underlying factors 1 ...

  5. Figure2b.eps

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... except the bare Coulomb interaction is replaced by the screened Coulomb interac- tion: W GG ' (q ; ) -1 GG ' (q ; )v(q + G ' ) where v is the bare Coulomb interaction. ...

  6. Microsoft Word - figure_16.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 4 6 8 10 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Residential Commercial Industrial Electric Po wer Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and ...

  7. Microsoft Word - figure_19.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    63 dollars per thousand cubic feet 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Residential Commercial Industrial Electric Power Notes: Coverage for prices varies by consumer sector. Prices are in nominal dollars. See Appendix A for further discussion on consumer prices. Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Form EIA-857, "Monthly Report of Natural Gas Purchases and Deliveries to

  8. Microsoft Word - figure_20.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 Sources: Nominal dollars: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition," and Form EIA-910, "Monthly Natural Gas Marketer Survey." Constant dollars: Prices were converted to 2009 dollars using the chain-type price indexes for Gross Domestic Product (2009 = 1.0) as published by the U.S.

  9. Sandia National Laboratories: Facts & Figures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Total DOE Funding 1,917.0 million Strategic Partnership Projects (Work for Others) DoD 730.9 million DHS 56.9 million Other federal agencies 103.9 million Non-federal ...

  10. All-optical logic gate based on transient grating from disperse red 1 doped organic-inorganic hybrid films with an improved figure of merit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gao, Tianxi; Que, Wenxiu Shao, Jinyou; Wang, Yushu

    2015-10-21

    Azobenzene dyes have large refractive index near their main resonance, but the poor figure of merit (FOM) limits their potential for all-optical applications. To improve this situation, disperse red 1 (DR1) molecules were dispersed in a sol-gel germanium/Ormosil organic-inorganic hybrid matrix. Z-scan measurement results showed a good compatibility between the dopant and the matrix, and also, an improved FOM was obtained as compared to the DR1/polymer films reported previously. To demonstrate the all-optical signal processing effect, a cw Nd:YAG laser emitting at 532 nm and a He-Ne laser emitting at 632.8 nm were used as pump and probe beams, respectively. DR1 acts as an initiator of the photo-induced transient holographic grating, which is attributed to the trans-cis-trans photoisomerization. Thus, a three inputs AND all-optical logic gate was achieved by using choppers with different frequencies. The detailed mechanism of operation is discussed. These results indicate that the DR1 doped germanium/Ormosil organic-inorganic hybrid film with an improved FOM has a great potential in all-optical devices around its main resonance.

  11. Illustration of sampling-based approaches to the calculation of expected dose in performance assessments for the proposed high level radioactive waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helton, Jon Craig; Sallaberry, Cedric J. PhD.

    2007-04-01

    A deep geologic repository for high level radioactive waste is under development by the U.S. Department of Energy at Yucca Mountain (YM), Nevada. As mandated in the Energy Policy Act of 1992, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has promulgated public health and safety standards (i.e., 40 CFR Part 197) for the YM repository, and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission has promulgated licensing standards (i.e., 10 CFR Parts 2, 19, 20, etc.) consistent with 40 CFR Part 197 that the DOE must establish are met in order for the YM repository to be licensed for operation. Important requirements in 40 CFR Part 197 and 10 CFR Parts 2, 19, 20, etc. relate to the determination of expected (i.e., mean) dose to a reasonably maximally exposed individual (RMEI) and the incorporation of uncertainty into this determination. This presentation describes and illustrates how general and typically nonquantitive statements in 40 CFR Part 197 and 10 CFR Parts 2, 19, 20, etc. can be given a formal mathematical structure that facilitates both the calculation of expected dose to the RMEI and the appropriate separation in this calculation of aleatory uncertainty (i.e., randomness in the properties of future occurrences such as igneous and seismic events) and epistemic uncertainty (i.e., lack of knowledge about quantities that are poorly known but assumed to have constant values in the calculation of expected dose to the RMEI).

  12. Record figure of merit values of highly stoichiometric Sb2Te3 porous bulk synthesized from tailor-made molecular precursors in ionic liquids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heimann, Stefan; Schulz, Stephan; Schaumann, Julian; Mudring, Anja; Stötzel, Julia; Maculewicz, Franziska; Schierning, Gabi

    2015-08-06

    We report on the synthesis of Sb2Te3 nanoparticles with record-high figure of merit values of up to 1.5. The central thermoelectric parameters, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity and Seebeck coefficient, were independently optimized. Critical influence of porosity for the fabrication of highly efficient thermoelectric materials is firstly demonstrated, giving a strong guidance for the optimization of other thermoelectric materials.

  13. Qualification of Daiichi Units 1, 2, and 3 Data for Severe Accident Evaluations - Process and Illustrative Examples from Prior TMI-2 Evaluations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rempe, Joy Lynn; Knudson, Darrell Lee

    2014-09-01

    in this report, results from qualifying data for these parameters led to key insights related to TMI-2 accident progression. Hence, these selected examples illustrate the types of activities completed in the TMI-2 data qualification process and the importance of such a qualification effort. These details are documented in this report to facilitate implementation of similar process using data and examinations at the Daiichi Units 1, 2, and 3 reactors so that BWR-specific benefits can be obtained.

  14. An analysis framework for characterizing and explaining development of EIA legislation in developing countries-Illustrated for Georgia, Ghana and Yemen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolhoff, Arend J.; Driessen, Peter P.J.; Runhaar, Hens A.C.

    2013-01-15

    Actors in the field of international development co-operation supporting the development of EIA legislation in developing countries often do not achieve the results envisaged. The performance of EIA in these countries often remains weak. One reason, we assume, is that often those actors support the establishment of overly ambitious EIA legislation that cannot achieve its objectives in the light of constraining contexts. To provide more effective support we need to better understand the enabling and constraining contextual factors that influence the development of EIA legislation and to which support actors should align itself. In this article a new analysis framework for classifying, characterizing and explaining the development of EIA legislation is described, measured in terms of ambition levels. Ambitions are defined as intentions the EIA authorities aim to fulfill, expressed in formal EIA legislation. Three country cases, Yemen, Georgia and Ghana are used to illustrate the usefulness of our framework and as a first test to refine the framework. We have formulated the following five hypotheses that complement and refine our analysis framework. One, EIA legislation may develop multilinearly in terms of ambition levels. Two, ambitions in EIA legislation seem to be influenced to a great extent by the power and capacity of, on the one hand, the environmental authorities supporting EIA and, on the other hand, the sector authorities hindering the development of EIA. Three, the political system is the most important context factor influencing the rules of policy-making and the power of the different actors involved. Four, the importance of context factors on the development of ambitions is dependent on the phase of EIA system development. Five, some ambitions seem to be influenced by particular factors; for instance the ambitions for the object of study seem to be influenced by the level of environmental awareness of the sector ministries and parliament. The analysis

  15. Feasibility studies for the development of petroleum areas. Integrated exploitation project of the fields in the area north of Santa Cruz. Volume 2. Tables and figures. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-03-01

    The report, generated by Scientific Software-Intercomp, Inc. for Yacimientos Petroliferos Fiscales Bolivianos, documents the results of a feasibility study which addressed the viability of developing petroleum areas in Bolivia. The primary objective of the project was to describe the reservoirs that have been discovered and their reserves, describe which would be the best alternatives for development of these reservoirs, and to determine the best alternatives for development of all the reserves together. The report, volume 2 of 4 contains Tables and Figures.

  16. Sustainable Transport Illustrative Scenarios Tool | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Scenarios Tool has been developed as a high-level calculator (not an in-depth model) to help provide indicative estimates of the possible impacts of policy on transport...

  17. Sustainable Transport Illustrative Scenarios Tool | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tools International Council on Clean Transportation Mobilising private finance for low-carbon development Implementing Sustainable Urban Travel Policies in Mexico ... further...

  18. Figure ES1. Map of Northern Alaska

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Geological Survey, "The Oil and Gas Resource Potential of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge 1002 Area, Alaska," Open File Report 98-34, 1999. Return to the Executive Summary.

  19. Figure 8. Technically Recoverable and Commercially Developable...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    for the ANWR 1002 Area of the Alaska North Slope fig8.jpg (38547 bytes) Source: United States Geological Survey, "Economics of Undiscovered Oil in the 1002 Area of the Arctic ...

  20. Microsoft Word - figure_12-2015.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Pipeline Exports LNG Exports LNG Re-exports * In 2013, 115 million cubic feet (Mcf) of compressed natural gas (CNG) were exported to Canada. ** In 2014, 217 Mcf of CNG were ...

  1. Microsoft Word - figure_10_2015.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Pipeline Imports LNG Imports * In 2014, 303 million cubic feet of compressed natural gas (CNG) were imported from Canada. Source: Office of Fossil Energy, U.S. Department of ...

  2. BILIWG: Consistent "Figures of Merit" (Presentation)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presented at the 2007 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group held November 6, 2007 in Laurel, Maryland.

  3. Microsoft Word - figure_08_2015.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 10.8 8.0 5.9 5.0 4.4 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Form EIA-64A, "Annual Report of the Origin of Natural Gas Liquids Production"; Office of Fossil Energy, U.S. Department of Energy, Natural Gas Imports and Exports; Form EIA-895, "Annual Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-914, "Monthly

  4. Figure 1. Census Regions and Divisions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    US Federal Regions>

  5. Magnetic order tuned by Cu substitution in Fe1.1–zCuzTe

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wen, Jinsheng; Xu, Zhijun; Xu, Guangyong; Lumsden, M. D.; Valdivia, P. N.; Bourret-Courchesne, E.; Gu, Genda; Lee, Dung-Hai; Tranquada, J. M.; Birgeneau, R. J.

    2012-07-02

    We study the effects of Cu substitution in Fe₁.₁Te, the nonsuperconducting parent compound of the iron-based superconductor, Fe₁₊yTe₁₋xSex, utilizing neutron scattering techniques. It is found that the structural and magnetic transitions, which occur at ~60 K without Cu, are monotonically depressed with increasing Cu content. By 10% Cu for Fe, the structural transition is hardly detectable, and the system becomes a spin glass below 22 K, with a slightly incommensurate ordering wave vector of (0.5–δ, 0, 0.5) with δ being the incommensurability of 0.02, and correlation length of 12 Å along the a axis and 9 Å along the cmore » axis. With 4% Cu, both transition temperatures are at 41 K, though short-range incommensurate order at (0.42, 0, 0.5) is present at 60 K. With further cooling, the incommensurability decreases linearly with temperature down to 37 K, below which there is a first-order transition to a long-range almost-commensurate antiferromagnetic structure. A spin anisotropy gap of 4.5 meV is also observed in this compound. Our results show that the weakly magnetic Cu has a large effect on the magnetic correlations; it is suggested that this is caused by the frustration of the exchange interactions between the coupled Fe spins.« less

  6. Ferro-Orbital Ordering Transition in Iron Telluride Fe1+yTe ...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    frustration effects of the interstitial Fe decouple different orders, leading to a sequence of transitions. While the lattice distortion is closely followed by incommensurate...

  7. Unconventional Temperature Enhanced Magnetism in Fe1.1Te (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    107; Journal Issue: 21; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007 Publisher: American Physical Society Sponsoring Org: USDOE Country of Publication: United States Language: English Word...

  8. Probe Mssbauer spectroscopy of mechanical alloying in binary Cr?{sup 57}Fe(1 at%) system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elsukov, Evgeny P. Kolodkin, Denis A. Ul'yanov, Alexander L. Porsev, Vitaly E.

    2014-10-27

    Solid state reactions during mechanical alloying (MA) in a binary mixture of powdered Cr and {sup 57}Fe in atomic ratio of 99:1 have been studied using {sup 57}Fe Mssbauer spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and Auger spectrometry. The proposed model of MA includes formation of Cr(Fe){sub x}O{sub y} oxides at the contact places of Cr and Fe particles, formation of nanostructure with simultaneous dissolution of the oxides, penetration of Fe atoms along grain boundaries in close-to-boundary distorted zones of interfaces in a substitutional position, formation of the substitutional solid solution of Fe in Cr in the body of grains. It was shown that the increase in the BCC lattice parameter on increasing the milling time is due to the dissolution of oxides and formation of interstitial solid solution of O in Cr. There were established substantial differences in consumption of BCC Fe in a Mg ? Al ? Si ? Cr sequence due to the major role of chemical interaction of Mg(Al,Si,Cr) with Fe.

  9. Magnetotransport of proton-irradiated BaFe 2 As 2 and BaFe 1...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Moseley, D. A. ; Yates, K. A. ; Peng, N. ; Mandrus, D. ; Sefat, A. S. ; Branford, W. R. ; Cohen, L. F. Publication Date: 2015-02-17 OSTI Identifier: 1180760 Type: ...

  10. Optical Absorption and Band Gap Reduction in (Fe 1-x Cr x ) 2...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Broadening of the valence band due to hybridization of the O 2p states with Fe and Cr 3d states also contributes to band gap reduction. Authors: Wang, Yong ; Lopata, Kenneth ; ...

  11. Control of magnetic, nonmagnetic, and superconducting states in annealed Ca(Fe1–xCox)₂As₂

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ran, S.; Bud'ko, S. L.; Straszheim, W. E.; Soh, J.; Kim, M. G.; Kreyssig, A.; Goldman, A. I.; Canfield, P. C.

    2012-06-22

    We have grown single-crystal samples of Co substituted CaFe₂As₂ using an FeAs flux and systematically studied the effects of annealing/quenching temperature on the physical properties of these samples. Whereas the as-grown samples (quenched from 960°C) all enter the collapsed tetragonal phase upon cooling, annealing/quenching temperatures between 350 and 800°C can be used to tune the system to low-temperature antiferromagnetic/orthorhomic or superconducting states as well. The progression of the transition temperature versus annealing/quenching temperature (T-Tanneal) phase diagrams with increasing Co concentration shows that, by substituting Co, the antiferromagnetic/orthorhombic and the collapsed tetragonal phase lines are separated and bulk superconductivity is revealed.more » We established a 3D phase diagram with Co concentration and annealing/quenching temperature as two independent control parameters. At ambient pressure, for modest x and Tanneal values, the Ca(Fe₁₋xCox)₂As₂ system offers ready access to the salient low-temperature states associated with Fe-based superconductors: antiferromagnetic/orthorhombic, superconducting, and nonmagnetic/collapsed tetragonal.« less

  12. Determination of the phase diagram of the electron doped superconductor Ba(Fe1-xCox)2As2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chu, Jiun-Haw; Analytis, James G.; Kucharczyk, Chris; Fisher, Ian R.; /Stanford U., Geballe Lab.

    2010-02-15

    Systematic measurements of the resistivity, heat capacity, susceptibility and Hall coefficient are presented for single crystal samples of the electron-doped superconductor Ba(Fe{sub 1-x}Co{sub x}){sub 2}As{sub 2}. These data delineate an x-T phase diagram in which the single magnetic/structural phase transition that is observed for undoped BaFe{sub 2}As{sub 2} at 134 K apparently splits into two distinct phase transitions, both of which are rapidly suppressed with increasing Co concentration. Superconductivity emerges for Co concentrations above x {approx}0.025, and appears to coexist with the broken symmetry state for an appreciable range of doping, up to x {approx} 0.06. The optimal superconducting transition temperature appears to coincide with the Co concentration at which the magnetic/structural phase transitions are totally suppressed, at least within the resolution provided by the finite step size between crystals prepared with different doping levels. Superconductivity is observed for a further range of Co concentrations, before being completely suppressed for x {approx} 0.018 and above. The form of this x-T phase diagram is suggestive of an association between superconductivity and a quantum critical point arising from suppression of the magnetic and/or structural phase transitions.

  13. Structural properties of BaFe1.8Ni0.2As2 under pressure (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Subject: catalysis (heterogeneous), solar (photovoltaic), phonons, thermoelectric, energy storage (including batteries and capacitors), hydrogen and fuel cells, superconductivity, ...

  14. Pressure-induced phase coexistence in BaFe1.8Co0.2As2 (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Subject: catalysis (heterogeneous), solar (photovoltaic), phonons, thermoelectric, energy storage (including batteries and capacitors), hydrogen and fuel cells, superconductivity, ...

  15. Six ARPA-E Projects Illustrate Private Investors Excited About...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    in outside private capital investment, Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced today. ... "This amount of private capital support indicates that the business community is hungry to ...

  16. Fact #707: December 26, 2011 Illustration of Truck Classes

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    There are eight truck classes, categorized by the gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) that the vehicle is assigned when it is manufactured. These categories are used by the trucking industry and...

  17. Download LPO's Illustrated Poster Series | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Want to print your own? Download the high-resolution PDF files below: ADVANCED NUCLEAR ENERGY POSTER (2.85 MB) BIOENERGY & BIOFUELS POSTER (9.26 MB) CLEAN VEHICLE MANUFACTURING ...

  18. Collective aspects of protein folding illustrated by a toy model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stillinger, F.H. [AT& T Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974 (United States)] [AT& T Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974 (United States); Head-Gordon, T. [Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

    1995-09-01

    A simple toy model for polypeptides serves as a testbed to illuminate some nonlocal, or collective, aspects of protein folding phenomena. The model is two dimensional and has only two amino acids, but involves a continuous range of backbone bend angles. Global potential energy minima and their folding structures have been determined for leading members of two special and contrasting polypeptide sequences, center doped and Fibonacci, named descriptively for their primary structures. The results display the presence of spontaneous symmetry breaking, elastic strain, and substantial conformational variation for specific embedded amino acid strings. We conclude that collective variables generated by the primary amino acid structure may be required for fully effective protein folding predictors, including those based on neural networks.

  19. DOE-LPO_Illustrated-Posters_01_CSP_Print.jpg

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    July 26, 1996 Airborne Release Fractions/Rates and Respirable Fractions for Nonreactor Nuclear Facilities Reaffirmed 2013 The purpose of this document is to provide a compendium and analysis of experimental data from which airborne release fractions (ARFs) and respirable fractions (RFs) may be derived. Such values are needed to determine quantities of radioactive material driven airborne for the purpose of estimating the scope of the potential release spectrum and potential downwind consequences

  20. DOE-LPO_Illustrated-Posters_02_ATVM_Print.jpg

    Energy Savers [EERE]

  1. DOE-LPO_Illustrated-Posters_03_ECON_Print.jpg

    Energy Savers [EERE]

  2. DOE-LPO_Illustrated-Posters_04_PV_Print.jpg

    Energy Savers [EERE]

  3. DOE-LPO_Illustrated-Posters_05_WIND_Print.jpg

    Energy Savers [EERE]

  4. DOE-LPO_Illustrated-Posters_06_GEO_Print.jpg

    Energy Savers [EERE]

  5. DOE-LPO_Illustrated-Posters_07_BIO_Print.jpg

    Energy Savers [EERE]

  6. DOE-LPO_Illustrated-Posters_08_NCLR_Print.jpg

    Energy Savers [EERE]

  7. A Texas project illustrates the benefits of integrated gasification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Philcox, J.; Fenner, G.W.

    1997-07-14

    Gasification can be an attractive option for converting a variety of petroleum feedstocks to chemicals. Natural gas is commonly sued to produce acetic acid, isocyanates, plastics, and fibers. But low-cost, bottom-of-the-barrel feeds, such as vacuum resid, petroleum coke, and asphaltenes, also can be used. In any case, gasification products include synthesis gas, carbon monoxide, hydrogen, steam, carbon dioxide, and power. The more a gasification facility is integrated with utilities and other non-core operations of a production complex, the more economical the products are for all consumers. The paper discusses gasification of natural gas, light hydrocarbons (ethane, propanes, and butanes), and heavy hydrocarbons (distillates, heavy residues, asphalts, coals, petroleum coke). The paper then describes a Texas City Gasification Project, which gasifies methane to produce carbon monoxide, hydrogen, and alcohol. The plant is integrated with a cogeneration plant. Economics are discussed.

  8. Revised Illustrative Example for DFS, April 29, 2009

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of 12 Step 2 By March 31, 2010, Power PUD's contract is updated added to reflect the elections made in the letter referenced in Step 1. * In section 2 of Exhibit A (1) Windy Wind...

  9. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data Plots and Figures

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    ARM Program data is available in daily diagnostic plots that can be easily grouped into daily, weekly, monthly, and even yearly increments. By visualizing ARM data in thumbnail-sized data plots, users experience highly-browsable subsets of data available at the Data Archive including complimentary data products derived from data processed by ARM. These thumbnails allow users to quickly scan for a particular type of condition, like a clear day or a day with persistent cirrus. From a diagnostics perspective, the data plots assist in looking for missing data, for data exceeding a particular range, or for loading multiple variables (e.g., shortwave fluxes and precipitation), and to determine whether a certain science or data quality condition is associated with some other parameter (e.g., high wind or rain).[taken from http://www.arm.gov/data/data_plots.stm] Several interfaces and tools have been developed to make data plots easy to generate and manipulate. For example, the NCVWeb is an interactive NetCDF data plotting tool that ARM users can use to plot data as they order it or to plot regular standing data orders. It allows production of detailed tables, extraction of data, statistics output, comparison plotting, etc. without the need for separate visualization software. Users will be requested to create a password, but the data plots are free for viewing and downloading.

  10. Adjoint-Based Implicit Uncertainty Analysis for Figures of Merit...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The LIFE (Laser Inertial Fusion Energy) engine is a concept being developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Various options exist for the LIFE blanket, depending on the ...

  11. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data Plots and Figures...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    science or data quality condition is associated with some other parameter (e.g., high wind or rain).taken from http:www.arm.govdatadataplots.stm Several interfaces and ...

  12. Figure 2. Stratigraphic Summary of Ages, Names and Rock Types...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    bytes) Source: Edited from U.S. Geological Survey, "The Oil and Gas Resource Potential of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge 1002 Area, Alaska," Open File Report 98-34, 1999.

  13. Development of ion beam figuring system with electrostatic deflection...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    After the second shape corrections, an elliptical shape with a shape error of ... Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO ...

  14. revised MS A5-ROR text+figures

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Transcriptional Regulation of Apolipoprotein A5 Gene Expression by the Nuclear Receptor ... In the present study, we identified the orphan nuclear receptor ROR as a regulator of ...

  15. Ion polarization in the MEIC figure-8 ion collider ring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    V.S. Morozov, Ya.S. Derbenev, Y. Zhang, P. Chevtsov, A.M. Kondratenko, M.A. Kondratenko, Yu.N. Filatov

    2012-07-01

    The nuclear physics program envisaged at the Medium-energy Electron-Ion Collider (MEIC) currently being developed at the Jefferson Lab calls for collisions of 3-11 GeV/c longitudinally polarized electrons and 20-100 GeV/c, in equivalent proton momentum, longitudinally/ transversely polarized protons/ deuterons/ light ions. We present a scheme that provides the required ion polarization arrangement in the MEIC's ion collider ring.

  16. Microsoft Word - 1 Cover - No Figure.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fiscal Year 2014 Stockpile Stewardship and Management Plan Report to Congress June 2013 United States Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 Fiscal Year 2014 Stockpile Stewardship and Management Plan | Page i MESSAGE FROM THE SECRETARY This report provides the Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration Fiscal Year 2014 Stockpile Stewardship and Management Plan (SSMP), satisfying the statutory requirements of Section 4203 of the Atomic Energy Defense Act (50 U.S.C. 2523) and

  17. Figure 5. PCs and Terminals per Thousand Employees, 1992 and...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6 File Last Modified: April 20, 1999 Contact: alan.swenson@eia.doe.gov Alan Swenson URL: http:www.eia.govemeuconsumptionconsumption briefsempl9295.htm For help with...

  18. Figure 3. PCs and Terminals per Million Square Feet, 1995

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    File Last Modified: April 20, 1999 Contact: alan.swenson@eia.doe.gov Alan Swenson URL: consumptioncommercialdataarchivecbecsconsumptionbriefssqft1995.htm For help...

  19. Figure 2. PCs and Terminals per Thousand Employees, 1995

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 File Last Modified: April 20, 1999 Contact: alan.swenson@eia.doe.gov Alan Swenson URL: "consumptioncommercialdataarchivecbecsconsumptionbriefsempl1995.htm" For help...

  20. Adjoint-Based Implicit Uncertainty Analysis for Figures of Merit...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Neutron transport results that are central to the operation of the design are tritium ... Resource Relation: Conference: Presented at: 15th International Conference on Emerging ...

  1. Figure 3. Production Schedules at Two Development Rates

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3. Production Schedules at Two Development Rates for the 95 Percent Probability of Recovering 5.7 Billion Barrels of Technically Recoverable Oil from the ANWR Coastal Plain of Alaska fig3.jpg (32189 bytes)

  2. Figure 8. Technically Recoverable and Commercially Developable Oil

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8. Technically Recoverable and Commercially Developable Oil at 95 Percent, Mean, and 5 Percent Probabilities for Given Oil Prices as a Percentage of Technically Recoverable Oil for the ANWR 1002 Area of the Alaska North Slope fig8.jpg (38547 bytes) Source: United States Geological Survey, "Economics of Undiscovered Oil in the 1002 Area of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge," 1998

  3. Figure 7. Projected Production for the High Development Rate...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7. Projected Production for the High Development Rate of Technically Recoverable Oil Estimated at 5 Percent, Mean, and 95 Percent Probabilities for the ANWR Coastal Plain of the...

  4. Figure 5. Production Schedules at Two Development Rates for the...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5. Production Schedules at Two Development Rates for the 5 Percent Probability of Recovering 16.0 Billion Barrels of Technically Recoverable Oil from the ANWR Coastal Plain of...

  5. Figure 6. Projected Production for the Low Development Rate of...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6. Projected Production for the Low Development Rate of Technically Recoverable Oil Estimated at 5 Percent, Mean, and 95 Percent Probabilities for the ANWR Coastal Plain of the...

  6. Figure 3. Production Schedules at Two Development Rates

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3. Production Schedules at Two Development Rates for the 95 Percent Probability of Recovering 5.7 Billion Barrels of Technically Recoverable Oil from the ANWR Coastal Plain of...

  7. Volume_III_App_A_Figures_Chapter4

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0 20 30 40 Miles Z O N E A Z O N E B Z O N E C ZONE D Z O N E E ZONE F Z O N E G Z O N E H ZONE I ZONE J ZON E K Z O N E L Oklahoma AC Interconnection Siting Area Future Optima Substation SE 2 S W 1 W 1 NE 2 E 1 NE 1 S W 2 E 2 SE 1 E 3 SE 3 NW 1 NW 2 Oklahoma Converter Station Siting Area REGION 1 APR LINK 3 REGION 1 APR LINK 1 REGION 1 APR LINK 5 REGION 1 APR LINK 4 REGION 1 APR LINK 2 CO LO RA DO KA NS AS CO LO RA DO OK LA HO MA KAN SAS OKL AHO MA OK LAH OM A TEX AS 83 54 287 TEXAS 15 TEXAS 23

  8. EIA - Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Table-Figure Notes and Sources

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    ... "Reducing Particle Pollution," website www.epa.govoarparticlepollutionreducing.html. ... Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air and Radiation, website www.epa.gov...

  9. To be submitted to: Rev

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Figure 1 illustrates the CSAF surface with three components in red, green and blue with a ... these channels are marked with red circles in Figure 6. The conversion values ...

  10. CBERD: Monitoring and Benchmarking for Energy Information Systems...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    tiers of CBERD data center energy information system package. Figure 2: Illustrative metering hardware schemas for entry and advanced tiers of CBERD data center energy ...

  11. New Multijunction Design Leads to Ultra-Efficient Solar Cell...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    as inverted metamorphic multijunctions-a design concept invented at NREL-can achieve ... The figure at right illustrates the materials and design of the NREL cell. First, ...

  12. Sintering Kinetics of Inkjet Printed...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    circuits for functional applications envisioned by automotive and aerospace industries. ... Figure 1 illustrates the types of printed line instabilities generally encountered when ...

  13. M

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... to misalign- ment, contamination, and damage. Figure 12 illustrates how optical elements can be incorporated into the fiber to create a laser cavity (rather than the "master ...

  14. Microsoft Word - Hooper_Springs_NWA_Implementation_Study_Final...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    efficient electric hot water heaters; historical heater installations represent a mix of geothermal or zonal systems for heating. Figure 14 illustrates that the rate of...

  15. Background | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    number of technical areas. Some desired features of accelerators were common across many of the working groups, as illustrated in the figure below, taken from the workshop report. ...

  16. Six ARPA-E Projects Illustrate Private Investors Excited About Clean Energy Innovation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Companies generate more than $100 million in follow-on funding one year after Department of Energy's initial awards totaling $24 million

  17. Unification of gauge, family, and flavor symmetries illustrated in gauged SU(12) models

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Albright, Carl H.; Feger, Robert P.; Kephart, Thomas W.

    2016-04-25

    In this study, to explain quark and lepton masses and mixing angles, one has to extend the standard model, and the usual practice is to put the quarks and leptons into irreducible representations of discrete groups. We argue that discrete flavor symmetries (and their concomitant problems) can be avoided if we extend the gauge group. In the framework of SU(12) we give explicit examples of models having varying degrees of predictability obtained by scanning over groups and representations and identifying cases with operators contributing to mass and mixing matrices that need little fine- tuning of prefactors. Fitting with quark andmore » lepton masses run to the GUT scale and known mixing angles allows us to make predictions for the neutrino masses and hierarchy, the octant of the atmospheric mixing angle, leptonic CP violation, Majorana phases, and the effective mass observed in neutrinoless double beta decay.« less

  18. Three Dimensional Response Spectrum Soil Structure Modeling Versus Conceptual Understanding To Illustrate Seismic Response Of Structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Touqan, Abdul Razzaq

    2008-07-08

    Present methods of analysis and mathematical modeling contain so many assumptions that separate them from reality and thus represent a defect in design which makes it difficult to analyze reasons of failure. Three dimensional (3D) modeling is so superior to 1D or 2D modeling, static analysis deviates from the true nature of earthquake load which is 'a dynamic punch', and conflicting assumptions exist between structural engineers (who assume flexible structures on rigid block foundations) and geotechnical engineers (who assume flexible foundations supporting rigid structures). Thus a 3D dynamic soil-structure interaction is a step that removes many of the assumptions and thus clears reality to a greater extent. However such a model cannot be analytically analyzed. We need to anatomize and analogize it. The paper will represent a conceptual (analogical) 1D model for soil structure interaction and clarifies it by comparing its outcome with 3D dynamic soil-structure finite element analysis of two structures. The aim is to focus on how to calculate the period of the structure and to investigate effect of variation of stiffness on soil-structure interaction.

  19. Improvement in the Thermoelectric Figure of Merit by La/Ag Cosubstitut...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The chains feature the combination of two asymmetric units Ta(2)S(11) and AsS(3) and exhibit strong nonlinear optical (NLO) second harmonic generation (SHG) response. ...

  20. Figure 2. Stratigraphic Summary of Ages, Names and Rock Types in the ANWR

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1002 2. Stratigraphic Summary of Ages, Names and Rock Types in the ANWR 1002 and Coastal Plain Area of the Alaska North Slope. Potentially Productive Reservoirs and Plays Assessed by the USGS are Indicated fig2.jpg (30091 bytes) Source: Edited from U.S. Geological Survey, "The Oil and Gas Resource Potential of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge 1002 Area, Alaska," Open File Report 98-34, 1999.

  1. Figure 1 Interferometery.png | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and Technical Information 1

  2. Figure 2 Interferometery.png | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and Technical Information 2

  3. Figure 4 (left).jpg | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Information 4 (left).jpg

  4. Figure 5 Interferometery.png | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and Technical Information Interferometery.png

  5. Figure 5.jpg | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Information .jpg

  6. Plots and Figures from the Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search (MINOS) at Fermilab

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    MINOS, or Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search, is an experiment at Fermilab designed to study the phenomena known as neutrino oscillations. It uses a beam of neutrino particles produced by the NuMI beamline facility - Neutrinos at the Main Injector. The beam of neutrinos is sent through the two MINOS detectors, one at Fermilab and one in the Soudan Mine in northern Minnesota. The Minos for Scientists page provides a link to the data plots that are available to the public and also provides explanations for some of the recent results of the experiment. Another links leads to a long listing of MINOS publications in refereed journals. Photo galleries are found by checking the links on the left menu.

  7. Enhancing the Figure-of-Merit in Half-Heuslers for Vehicle Waste...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Ordered layer for charger carrier and disordered layer for phonon scattering is probably a good way to get high ZT. ren.pdf (2.91 MB) More Documents & Publications Innovative Nano-...

  8. geothermal figure 1 osti collections | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Scientific and Technical Information 1

  9. geothermal figure 2 osti collections | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Scientific and Technical Information 2

  10. geothermal figure 3 osti collections | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Scientific and Technical Information 3

  11. PROJECT NAME/ID",,,"Jobs figures to report",,"October 2010 Report...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... ,1945,,,,,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,0 ,1946,,,,,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,0 ,1947,,,,,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,0 ,1948,,,,,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,0 ,1949,,,,,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0,,0...

  12. Microsoft PowerPoint - EPA_CERCLA Process Figure.pptx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

  13. EECBG Success Story: Finding Six-Figure ROI from Energy Efficiency

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Huntington, New York is installing new energy efficient street lights to reduce the city's electricity use by 947,000 kWh, thanks to an Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant. Learn more.

  14. Figure 1. Annual and Cumulative Growth in U.S. Wind Power Capacity

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Department of Energy (DOE) Webinar Transcript (95.26 KB) More Documents & Publications Welcome to the Department of Energy’s Recovery Act webinar on reporting in to federalreporting Department of Energy (DOE) Webinar Transcript Title Department of Energy

    Over 50 Trillion Btus of Natural Gas Savings Found AUSTIN, TX - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Andy Karsner today announced the completion of Energy Savings

  15. Figure 6. PCs and Terminals per Million Square Feet, 1992 and...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    File Last Modified: April 20, 1999 Contact: alan.swenson@eia.doe.gov Alan Swenson URL: consumptioncommercialdataarchivecbecsconsumptionbriefssqft9295.htm For help...

  16. Plasmonic Figures of Merit in a Doped Graphene Sheet | MIT-Harvard...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in peer-reviewed international journals including Science, Nature Materials, Nature Nanotechnology, Nature Photonics, Nature Communications, and Physical Review Letters

  17. White Paper Powering Sustainable Low-Carbon Economies: Some Fact and Figures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gilles J. Youinou

    2015-04-01

    In 2011, the world production of electricity was about 22.1 trillion kilowatt-hour1 (kWhe): 9.1 from coal, 4.8 from gas, 2.6 from nuclear, 1.1 from oil, 3.5 from hydropower and 1.0 from other sources (geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels). With a world population of about 7 billion in 2011, it corresponds to an average of 3,160 kWhe/year/capita. While most industrialized countries enjoy a high standard of living with, at least, 8,000 kWhe per year and per person, most developing countries live with less than 3,000 kWhe per year per person. The need for electricity is growing fast, especially in developing countries, and by 2040 the world production of electricity is projected to reach about 40 trillion kWhe.2 Assuming a world population of 10 billion and an average consumption of 6,000 kWhe per year per person in 2100 the world annual production of electricity could reach 60 trillion kWhe.

  18. Josephson device with tunneling barrier having low density of localized states and enhanced figures of merit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kroger, H.

    1984-12-25

    A superconducting tunnel junction device having superconductive electrodes has a non-homogeneous barrier layer of amorphous semiconductive material, wherein when the central region is deposited in the presence of a gaseous atmosphere containing hydrogen there obtains a reduced density of localized states in the central region of the barrier so as to minimize leakage currents, resulting in improved current-voltage characteristics approximating an ideal tunnel junction device. The low leakage currents improve margins of Josephson logic circuits over tunneling barriers using uniformly deposited hydrogenated silicon with niobium electrodes, and increase the sensitivity of S-I-S microwave and millimeter wave length detectors and mixers. In a preferred embodiment, superconductive electrodes of niobium are conjoined with a tri-layer barrier using pure silicon adjoining the electrodes and a core of hydrogenated amorphous silicon. V /SUB m/ parameters of merit (product of subgap resistance and critical current) as high as 28 mV at 4.2K were obtained with this embodiment, compared with 10 mV for the prior art.

  19. Figure 2 (bottom).gif | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Information 2 (bottom).gif

  20. Figure 2.jpg | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Information 2

  1. Figure 4.jpg | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Information 4

  2. Figure 5. Production Schedules at Two Development Rates for the 5 Percent

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Probability of Recovering 16.0 Billion Barrels 5. Production Schedules at Two Development Rates for the 5 Percent Probability of Recovering 16.0 Billion Barrels of Technically Recoverable Oil from the ANWR Coastal Plain of Alaska fig5.jpg (3770

  3. Figure 6. Projected Production for the Low Development Rate of Technically

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Recoverable Oil 6. Projected Production for the Low Development Rate of Technically Recoverable Oil Estimated at 5 Percent, Mean, and 95 Percent Probabilities for the ANWR Coastal Plain of the Alaska North Slope fig6.jpg (41132

  4. Figure 7. Projected Production for the High Development Rate of Technically

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Recoverable Oil 7. Projected Production for the High Development Rate of Technically Recoverable Oil Estimated at 5 Percent, Mean, and 95 Percent Probabilities for the ANWR Coastal Plain of the Alaska North Slope fig7.jpg (43335 bytes) Source

  5. Enhancing the Figure-of-Merit in Half-Heuslers for Vehicle Waste Heat Recovery

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Good ZT can occur in non-traditional TE material structure. Ordered layer for charger carrier and disordered layer for phonon scattering is probably a good way to get high ZT.

  6. Half-heusler alloys with enhanced figure of merit and methods of making

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ren, Zhifeng; Yan, Xiao; Joshi, Giri; Chen, Shuo; Chen, Gang; Poudel, Bed; Caylor, James Christopher

    2015-06-02

    Thermoelectric materials and methods of making thermoelectric materials having a nanometer mean grain size less than 1 micron. The method includes combining and arc melting constituent elements of the thermoelectric material to form a liquid alloy of the thermoelectric material and casting the liquid alloy of the thermoelectric material to form a solid casting of the thermoelectric material. The method also includes ball milling the solid casting of the thermoelectric material into nanometer mean size particles and sintering the nanometer size particles to form the thermoelectric material having nanometer scale mean grain size.

  7. Apparatus and method for deterministic control of surface figure during full aperture polishing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Suratwala, Tayyab Ishaq; Feit, Michael Dennis; Steele, William Augustus

    2013-11-19

    A polishing system configured to polish a lap includes a lap configured to contact a workpiece for polishing the workpiece; and a septum configured to contact the lap. The septum has an aperture formed therein. The radius of the aperture and radius the workpiece are substantially the same. The aperture and the workpiece have centers disposed at substantially the same radial distance from a center of the lap. The aperture is disposed along a first radial direction from the center of the lap, and the workpiece is disposed along a second radial direction from the center of the lap. The first and second radial directions may be opposite directions.

  8. Figure 1. Annual and Cumulative Growth in U.S. Wind Power Capacity

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    "Other non-Renewable",0.431645,0.5352,0.220325... 4. Approximate Wind Energy Penetration in the Twenty ...0.025,0.011,0.016,,0.087 "Austria",0.03,0.002,-0.002,0.011,0...

  9. Flow of US/SE Program Funding to National Laboratories (FY 2014 Enacted)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This figure illustrates the flow of funding to each of 17 DOE National Laboratories from five of the six US/SE program offices. IE does not directly fund program work at the National Laboratories.

  10. A Five-dimensional Visualization of the Pressure-induced Phase...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A Five-dimensional Visualization of the Pressure-induced Phase Transition in BiNiO3 Friday, February 28, 2014 Figure 1. Illustration of the nanoscopic study of a BiNiO3 particle...

  11. Research Projects

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The primary objective of this research effort is to develop and prototype a novel unmanned ground vehicle (UGV), as illustrated in the figure, that could be used for unmanned ...

  12. GAS TEMPERATURE AND CONCENTRATION MEASUREMENTS IN THE VICINITY...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... measurements was made at the Combustion Research Facility and SandiaCA using the 1 -D ... Figure 5. These images illustrate the qualitative feature all composite-burn experiments ...

  13. Small modular reactors (SMRs) such...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Small modular reactors (SMRs) such as the one illustrated in Figure 1 are being considered by the commercial nuclear power industry as an option for more distributed generation and...

  14. Specific heat to Hc2: Evidence for nodes or deep minima in the superconducting gap of underdoped and overdoped Ba(Fe1–xCox)₂As₂

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kim, J. S.; Faeth, B. D.; Wang, Y.; Hirschfeld, P. J.; Stewart, G. R.; Gofryk, K.; Ronning, F.; Sefat, A. S.; Choi, K. Y.; Kim, K. H.

    2012-07-13

    Low-temperature specific heat, C, in magnetic fields up to Hc2 is reported for underdoped Ba(Fe₀.₉₅₅Co₀.₀₄₅)₂As₂ (Tc = 8 K) and for three overdoped samples Ba(Fe₁₋xCox)₂As₂ (x = 0.103, 0.13, and 0.15; Tc = 17.2, 16.5, and 11.7 K, respectively). Previous measurements of thermal conductivity (as a function of temperature and field) and penetration depth on comparable-composition samples gave some disagreement as to whether there was fully gapped/nodal behavior in the under-/overdoped materials, respectively. The present work shows that the measured behavior of the specific heat γ (∝C/T as T → 0, i.e., a measure of the electronic density of statesmore » at the Fermi energy) as a function of field approximately obeys γ ∝ H0.5±0.1, similar to the Volovik effect for nodal superconductors, for both the underdoped and the most overdoped Co samples. However, for the two overdoped compositions x = 0.103 and 0.13, the low-field (H ≤ 10 T) data show a Volovik-like behavior of γ ∝ H0.3–0.4, followed by an inflection point, followed at higher fields by γ ∝ H¹. We argue that, within the two-band theory of superconductivity, an inflection point may occur if the interband coupling is dominant.« less

  15. Structural/magnetic phase transitions and superconductivity in Ba(Fe1-xTMx)2As2 (TM=Co, Ni, Cu, Co/Cu, Rh and Pd) single crystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ni, Ni

    2009-08-15

    Since its discovery in 1911, superconductivity has been one of the most actively studied fields in condensed matter physics and has attracted immense experimental and theoretical effort. At this point in time, with more and more superconductors discovered in elements, alloys, intermetallic compounds and oxides, it is becoming clear that superconductivity is actually not so rare in nature. Almost half of the elements in the periodic table and hundreds of compounds have been found to be superconducting. Fig. 1.1 shows the milestones in discovering higher T{sub c} superconductors. Among the elemental superconductors, Niobium has the highest superconducting transition temperature, T{sub c}, of 9.5 K. This record held for more than ten years, until the discovery of niobium nitride which superconducts below 16 K. It took another thirty years for T{sub c} to increase from 16 K in niobium nitride to 23 K in niobium germanium.

  16. A Process for Modelling Diffuse Scattering from Disordered Molecular Crystals, Illustrated by Application to Monoclinic 9-Chloro-10-methylanthracene

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Goossens, D. J.

    2015-01-01

    Diffuse scattering from a crystal contains valuable information about the two-body correlations (related to the nanoscale order) in the material. Despite years of development, the detailed analysis of single crystal diffuse scattering (SCDS) has yet to become part of the everyday toolbox of the structural scientist. Recent decades have seen the pair distribution function approach to diffuse scattering (in fact, total scattering) from powders become a relatively routine tool. However, analysing the detailed, complex, and often highly anisotropic three-dimensional distribution of SCDS remains valuable yet rare because there is no routine method for undertaking the analysis. At present, analysis requiresmore » significant investment of time to develop specialist expertise, which means that the analysis of diffuse scattering, which has much to offer, is not incorporated thorough studies of many compounds even though it has the potential to be a very useful adjunct to existing techniques. This article endeavours to outline in some detail how the diffuse scattering from a molecular crystal can be modelled relatively quickly and largely using existing software tools. It is hoped this will provide a template for other studies. To enable this, the entire simulation is included as deposited material.« less

  17. Fragility Analysis Methodology for Degraded Structures and Passive Components in Nuclear Power Plants - Illustrated using a Condensate Storage Tank

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nie, J.; Braverman, J.; Hofmayer, C.; Choun, Y.; Kim, M.; Choi, I.

    2010-06-30

    The Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI) is conducting a five-year research project to develop a realistic seismic risk evaluation system which includes the consideration of aging of structures and components in nuclear power plants (NPPs). The KAERI research project includes three specific areas that are essential to seismic probabilistic risk assessment (PRA): (1) probabilistic seismic hazard analysis, (2) seismic fragility analysis including the effects of aging, and (3) a plant seismic risk analysis. Since 2007, Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) has entered into a collaboration agreement with KAERI to support its development of seismic capability evaluation technology for degraded structures and components. The collaborative research effort is intended to continue over a five year period. The goal of this collaboration endeavor is to assist KAERI to develop seismic fragility analysis methods that consider the potential effects of age-related degradation of structures, systems, and components (SSCs). The research results of this multi-year collaboration will be utilized as input to seismic PRAs. In the Year 1 scope of work, BNL collected and reviewed degradation occurrences in US NPPs and identified important aging characteristics needed for the seismic capability evaluations. This information is presented in the Annual Report for the Year 1 Task, identified as BNL Report-81741-2008 and also designated as KAERI/RR-2931/2008. The report presents results of the statistical and trending analysis of this data and compares the results to prior aging studies. In addition, the report provides a description of U.S. current regulatory requirements, regulatory guidance documents, generic communications, industry standards and guidance, and past research related to aging degradation of SSCs. In the Year 2 scope of work, BNL carried out a research effort to identify and assess degradation models for the long-term behavior of dominant materials that are determined to be risk significant to NPPs. Multiple models have been identified for concrete, carbon and low-alloy steel, and stainless steel. These models are documented in the Annual Report for the Year 2 Task, identified as BNL Report-82249-2009 and also designated as KAERI/TR-3757/2009. This report describes the research effort performed by BNL for the Year 3 scope of work. The objective is for BNL to develop the seismic fragility capacity for a condensate storage tank with various degradation scenarios. The conservative deterministic failure margin method has been utilized for the undegraded case and has been modified to accommodate the degraded cases. A total of five seismic fragility analysis cases have been described: (1) undegraded case, (2) degraded stainless tank shell, (3) degraded anchor bolts, (4) anchorage concrete cracking, and (5)a perfect combination of the three degradation scenarios. Insights from these fragility analyses are also presented.

  18. Yucca Mountain transportation routes: Preliminary characterization and risk analysis; Volume 2, Figures [and] Volume 3, Technical Appendices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Souleyrette, R.R. II; Sathisan, S.K.; di Bartolo, R.

    1991-05-31

    This report presents appendices related to the preliminary assessment and risk analysis for high-level radioactive waste transportation routes to the proposed Yucca Mountain Project repository. Information includes data on population density, traffic volume, ecologically sensitive areas, and accident history.

  19. Flow of US/SE Program Funding to National Laboratories (FY 2014 Enacted) |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Flow of US/SE Program Funding to National Laboratories (FY 2014 Enacted) Flow of US/SE Program Funding to National Laboratories (FY 2014 Enacted) Figure 4.2: Flow of US/SE Program Funding to National Laboratories—FY 2014 Enacted (SEP, page 157) Figure 4.2: Flow of US/SE Program Funding to National Laboratories-FY 2014 Enacted (SEP, page 157) This figure illustrates the flow of funding to each of 17 DOE National Laboratories from five of the six Under Secretary for

  20. X:\ARM_19~1\P317-334.WPD

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    v Z LCL v v z LCL v z LCL Session Papers 327 Figure 1. Heterogeneous land use, illustrated with the black and gray line segments at the bottom, cause turbulent temperature fluctuations in the surface-layer air, illustrated with air parcels of different shading. These parcels rise to their level of neutral buoyancy, shown by the vertical arrows. Moisture also varies from parcel to parcel, causing corresponding fluctuations in the height of the lifting condensation level (LCL), shown by the black

  1. Salt repository design approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matthews, S.C.

    1983-01-01

    This paper presents a summary discussion of the approaches that have been and will be taken in design of repository facilities for use with disposal of radioactive wastes in salt formations. Since specific sites have yet to be identified, the discussion is at a general level, supplemented with illustrative examples where appropriate. 5 references, 1 figure.

  2. Alternative fuel trucks case studies: Running refuse haulers on compressed natural gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norton, P.; Kelly, K.

    1996-07-01

    This document details the experience of New York City`s compressed natural gas refuse haulers. These 35 ton vehicles have engines that displace 10 liters and provide 240 horsepower. Fuel economy, range, cost, maintenance, repair issues, and emissions are discussed. Photographs and figures illustrate the attributes of these alternative fuel vehicles.

  3. CVD diamond - fundamental phenomena

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yarbrough, W.A.

    1993-01-01

    This compilation of figures and diagrams addresses the basic physical processes involved in the chemical vapor deposition of diamond. Different methods of deposition are illustrated. For each method, observations are made of the prominent advantages and disadvantages of the technique. Chemical mechanisms of nucleation are introduced.

  4. Survey of DOE NDA practices for CH-Tru waste certification--illustrated with a greater than 10,000 drum NDA data base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schultz, F.J.; Caldwell, J.T.; Smith, J.R.

    1988-01-01

    We have compiled a greater than 10,000 CH-TRU waste drum data base from seven DOE sites which have utilized such multiple NDA measurements within the past few years. Most of these nondestructive assay (NDA) technique assay result comparisons have been performed on well-characterized, segregated waste categories such as cemented sludges, combustibles, metals, graphite residues, glasses, etc., with well-known plutonium isotopic compositions. Waste segregation and categorization practices vary from one DOE site to another. Perhaps the most systematic approach has been in use for several years at the Rocky Flats Plant (RFP), operated by Rockwell International, and located near Golden, Colorado. Most of the drum assays in our data base result from assays of RFP wastes, with comparisons available between the original RFP assays and PAN assays performed independently at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) Solid Waste Examination Pilot Plant (SWEPP) facility. Most of the RFP assays were performed with hyperpure germanium (HPGe)-based SGS assay units. However, at least one very important waste category, processed first-stage sludges, is assayed at RFP using a sludge batch-sampling procedure, prior to filling of the waste drums. 5 refs., 5 figs.

  5. Synthesis and subsequent rearrangement of chloro(pentafluorophenyl)-1,5-cyclooctadienepalladium(II), an illustrative example of endo attack to a coordinated double bond

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albeniz, A.C.; Espinet, P. ); Jeannin, Y.; Philoche-Levisalles, M. ); Mann, B.E. )

    1990-08-29

    Pd(C{sub 6}F{sub 5})Cl(1,5-cyclooctadiene) has been prepared in high yield and characterized crystallographically: monoclinic space group P2{sub 1}/c, a = 8.313 (1) {angstrom}, b = 7.7800 (6) {angstrom}, c = 22.292 (4) {angstrom}, {beta} = 95.77 (1){degree} (Z = 4), final R of 0.024 for 2,080 independent reflections. The x-ray structure reveals a high trans influence of the C{sub 6}F{sub 5} groups that weakens the opposite palladium-olefin bond. This complex rearranges slowly in solution by intramolecular double bond insertion into the Pd-C{sub 6}F{sub 5} bond to give an allyl complex Pd{sub 2}({mu}-Cl){sub 2}(6-C{sub 6}F{sub 5}-1-3-{eta}{sup 3}-C{sub 8}H{sub 12}){sub 2} and {sigma},{pi}-complex Pd{sub 2}({mu}-Cl){sub 2}(8-C{sub 6}F{sub 5}-1:4-5-{eta}{sup 3}-C{sub 8}H{sub 12}){sub 2}. A derivative of the latter, Pd(8-C{sub 6}F{sub 5}-1:4-5-{eta}{sup 3}-C{sub 8}H{sub 12})(F6-acac), has been characterized crystallographically: triclinic space group P{anti 1}, a = 10.360 (3) {angstrom}, b = 11.051 (2) {angstrom}, c = 11.084 (4) {angstrom}, {alpha} = 73.70 (2){degree}, {beta} = 61.41 (2){degree}, {gamma} = 66.08 (2){degree}, final R of 0.036 for 3,341 independent reflections. The rearrangement of Pd(C{sub 6}F{sub 5})Cl(1,5-COD) is catalyzed by its products and slowed down in coordinating solvents. Both products are the result of an endo attack of C{sub 6}F{sub 5} to COD and are formed competitively from a common intermediate.

  6. A new approach to power quality and electricity reliability monitoring-case study illustrations of the capabilities of the I-GridTM system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Divan, Deepak; Brumsickle, William; Eto, Joseph

    2003-04-01

    This report describes a new approach for collecting information on power quality and reliability and making it available in the public domain. Making this information readily available in a form that is meaningful to electricity consumers is necessary for enabling more informed private and public decisions regarding electricity reliability. The system dramatically reduces the cost (and expertise) needed for customers to obtain information on the most significant power quality events, called voltage sags and interruptions. The system also offers widespread access to information on power quality collected from multiple sites and the potential for capturing information on the impacts of power quality problems, together enabling a wide variety of analysis and benchmarking to improve system reliability. Six case studies demonstrate selected functionality and capabilities of the system, including: Linking measured power quality events to process interruption and downtime; Demonstrating the ability to correlate events recorded by multiple monitors to narrow and confirm the causes of power quality events; and Benchmarking power quality and reliability on a firm and regional basis.

  7. Including the temporal change in PM{sub 2.5} concentration in the assessment of human health impact: Illustration with renewable energy scenarios to 2050

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gschwind, Benoit; Lefevre, Mireille; Blanc, Isabelle; Ranchin, Thierry; Wyrwa, Artur; Drebszok, Kamila; Cofala, Janusz; Fuss, Sabine

    2015-04-15

    This article proposes a new method to assess the health impact of populations exposed to fine particles (PM{sub 2.5}) during their whole lifetime, which is suitable for comparative analysis of energy scenarios. The method takes into account the variation of particle concentrations over time as well as the evolution of population cohorts. Its capabilities are demonstrated for two pathways of European energy system development up to 2050: the Baseline (BL) and the Low Carbon, Maximum Renewable Power (LC-MRP). These pathways were combined with three sets of assumptions about emission control measures: Current Legislation (CLE), Fixed Emission Factors (FEFs), and the Maximum Technically Feasible Reductions (MTFRs). Analysis was carried out for 45 European countries. Average PM{sub 2.5} concentration over Europe in the LC-MRP/CLE scenario is reduced by 58% compared with the BL/FEF case. Health impacts (expressed in days of loss of life expectancy) decrease by 21%. For the LC-MRP/MTFR scenario the average PM{sub 2.5} concentration is reduced by 85% and the health impact by 34%. The methodology was developed within the framework of the EU's FP7 EnerGEO project and was implemented in the Platform of Integrated Assessment (PIA). The Platform enables performing health impact assessments for various energy scenarios. - Highlights: • A new method to assess health impact of PM{sub 2.5} for energy scenarios is proposed. • An algorithm to compute Loss of Life Expectancy attributable to exposure to PM{sub 2.5} is depicted. • Its capabilities are demonstrated for two pathways of European energy system development up to 2050. • Integrating the temporal evolution of PM{sub 2.5} is of great interest for assessing the potential impacts of energy scenarios.

  8. Starlite figures of merit for tokamak current drive - economic analysis of pulsed and steady state power plants with various engineering and physics performance parameters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ehst, D.A.

    1995-09-01

    The physics efficiency of current drive ({gamma}{sub B} {proportional_to} n{sub e} I{sub o} R{sub o}/P{sub CD}), including the bootstrap effect, needs to exceed certain goals in order to provide economical steady state operation compared to pulsed power plants. The goal for {gamma}{sub B} depends not only on engineering performance of the current drive system, but also on normalized beta and the effective safety factor of the achievable MHD equilibrium.

  9. win0203SelUpdates0203.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Updated Feb 2003) 1 Winter Fuels Outlook: 2002-2003 Selected Table and Figure Updates Based on the February 2003 Short-Term Energy Outlook Figure WF1. U.S. Winter Natural Gas Demand (Year-to-Year Percent Change) -25% -20% -15% -10% -5% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 Residential Commercial Indust. (incl. CHP) Total Projections Table WF1. Illustrative Consumer Prices and Expenditures for Heating Fuels During the Winter 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 Actual Actual

  10. win0203SelUpdates0303.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    En ergy Outlook -- October 2002 Updated Feb 2003) 1 Winter Fuels Outlook: 2002-2003 Selected Table and Figure Updates Based on the March 2003 Short-Term Energy Outlook Figure WF1. U.S. Winter Natural Gas Demand (Year-to-Year Percent Change) Table WF1. Illustrative Consumer Prices and Expenditures for Heating Fuels During the Winter 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 Actual Actual Actual Base Forecast Natural Gas (Midwest) Consumption (mcf) 81.7 99.1 81.3 92.1 Avg. Price ($/mcf) 6.69 9.54

  11. Savannah River Site environmental report for 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cummins, C.L.; Martin, D.K.; Todd, J.L.

    1989-01-01

    this volume of Savannah River Site Environmental Report for 1989 (WSRC-IM-90-60) contains the figures and tables referenced in Volume I. The figures contain graphic illustrations of sample locations and/or data. The tables present summaries of the following types of data federal and state standards and guides applicable to SRS operations; concentrations of radioactivity in environmental media; the quantity of radioactivity released to the environment from SRS operations; offsite radiation committed dose from SRS operations; measurements of physical properties, chemicals, and metals concentrations in environmental media; and interlaboratory comparison of analytical results. The figures and tables in this report contain information about the routine environmental monitoring program at SRS unless otherwise indicated. No attempt has been made to include all data from environmental research programs. Variations in the report's content from year to year reflect changes in the routine environmental monitoring program or the inability to obtain certain samples from a specific location. 42 figs., 188 tabs.

  12. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Clouds Brighten Up the Sky Near Them Download a printable PDF Submitter: Varnai, T., University of Maryland, Baltimore County/JCEST Marshak, A., NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Varnai T and A Marshak. 2009. "MODIS observations of enhanced clear sky reflectance near clouds." Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L06807, doi:10.1029/2008GL037089. Figure 1. Illustration of clouds enhancing the

  13. X:\ARM_19~1\P225-243.WPD

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Pr c( ) c( ) Session Papers 227 Figure 1. Illustration of the argument of Byrne et al. (1995): Photons are trapped between two or several clouds and thus it increases the global absorption. (1) Fractional Integration and Radiative Transfer in a Multifractal Atmosphere C. Naud and D. Schertzer LMD, Université Pierre et Marie Curie Paris, France S. Lovejoy Physics Department McGill University Montreal, Canada Recently, Cess et al. (1995) and Ramathan et al. (1995) cited observations which exhibit

  14. Comparing Efficiency Projections (released in AEO2010)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2010-01-01

    Realized improvements in energy efficiency generally rely on a combination of technology and economics. The figure below illustrates the role of technology assumptions in the Annual Energy Outlook 2010 projections for energy efficiency in the residential and commercial buildings sector. Projected energy consumption in the Reference case is compared with projections in the Best Available Technology, High Technology, and 2009 Technology cases and an estimate based on an assumption of no change in efficiency for building shells and equipment.

  15. Center for Inverse Design: Inverse Design Approach

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Inverse Design Approach This page describes the inverse materials design methodology used by the Center for Inverse Design, which integrates and combines the following: (1) theory, or prediction, (2) synthesis, or realization, and (3) characterization, or validation. The result of this approach is an acceleration-by orders of magnitude-in developing new materials for solar energy technologies. The figure illustrates the research approach, outlined under the three primary steps. Flow diagram that

  16. Hierarchical Diagnosis V. E. Zuev, V. V. Zuev, and G. A. Titov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    V. E. Zuev, V. V. Zuev, and G. A. Titov Institute of Atmospheric Optics Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences T omsk, Russia developed at the Institute of Atmospheric Optics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. A number of the atmospheric parameters are measured by several methods by means of devices. This approach is important for intercalibration and increasing the reliability and the accuracy of the data obtained. Figure 1 illustrates the principal

  17. Status of Hydrogen Storage Technologies | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Status of Hydrogen Storage Technologies Status of Hydrogen Storage Technologies The current status in terms of weight, volume, and cost of various hydrogen storage technologies is shown below. These values are estimates from storage system developers and the R&D community and will be continuously updated by DOE as new technological advancements take place. This figure shows the current status of several hydrogen storage systems in terms of weight and volume. It illustrates the volumetric and

  18. Factors Affecting the Relationship between Crude Oil and Natural Gas Prices (released in AEO2010)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2010-01-01

    Over the 1995-2005 period, crude oil prices and U.S. natural gas prices tended to move together, which supported the conclusion that the markets for the two commodities were connected. Figure 26 illustrates the fairly stable ratio over that period between the price of low-sulfur light crude oil at Cushing, Oklahoma, and the price of natural gas at the Henry Hub on an energy-equivalent basis.

  19. Small modular reactors (SMRs) such as the

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Small modular reactors (SMRs) such as the one illustrated in Figure 1 are being considered by the commercial nuclear power industry as an option for more distributed generation and for replace- ment of older fossil fuel generating facilities. SMRs are more compact than operating pressurized water reactors (PWRs), producing from 50 MWe to 200 MWe as compared to 1000 MWe or higher for their full-sized cousins, and are offered as "expandable" units; that is, their modular design allows

  20. DOE_OR_21548_590_R_0.pdf

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Figure 1-1 is unavailable

  1. CULTURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR THE NEVADA TEST SITE

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 5.5 Nevada Test Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... FIGURES Figure 1.1 Nevada Test Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...

  2. Earth sheltering: the form of energy and the energy of form

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frenette, E.R.

    1981-01-01

    Winners in a national competition illustrate the state of the art in earth-sheltered construction. The winners were chosen from student and professional entries in four categories: single-family residential, multi-family residential, non-residential, and research. The book presents architectural details, including construction plans, floor plans, landscaping ideas, and photographs of the 50 examples. The three research examples include a regional analysis of ground and above-ground climate, biotechnical earth-support systems, and evaluation of free-span earth-sheltered structure and its method of production. 199 figures. (DCK)

  3. win0203SelUpdates.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    November 2002 Short-Term Energy Outlook Figure WF1. U.S. Winter Natural Gas Demand (Year-to-Year Percent Change) Table WF1. Illustrative Consumer Prices and Expenditures for Heating Fuels During the Winter 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 Actual Actual Actual Base Forecast Natural Gas (Midwest) Consumption (mcf) 81.7 99.1 81.3 92.5 Avg. Price ($/mcf) 6.69 9.54 7.34 8.06 Expenditures ($) 546 945 597 746 Heating Oil (Northeast) Consumption (gals) 644 731 584 703 Avg. Price ($/gal) 1.16 1.37

  4. win0203SelUpdates.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    December 2002 Short-Term Energy Outlook Figure WF1. U.S. Winter Natural Gas Demand (Year-to-Year Percent Change) Table WF1. Illustrative Consumer Prices and Expenditures for Heating Fuels During the Winter 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 Actual Actual Actual Base Forecast Natural Gas (Midwest) Consumption (mcf) 81.7 99.1 81.3 93.1 Avg. Price ($/mcf) 6.69 9.54 7.34 8.38 Expenditures ($) 546 945 597 780 Heating Oil (Northeast) Consumption (gals) 644 731 584 716 Avg. Price ($/gal) 1.16 1.37

  5. win0203SelUpdates.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    January 2003 Short-Term Energy Outlook Figure WF1. U.S. Winter Natural Gas Demand (Year-to-Year Percent Change) Table WF1. Illustrative Consumer Prices and Expenditures for Heating Fuels During the Winter 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 Actual Actual Actual Base Forecast Natural Gas (Midwest) Consumption (mcf) 81.7 99.1 81.3 91.9 Avg. Price ($/mcf) 6.69 9.55 7.33 8.71 Expenditures ($) 546 946 596 800 Heating Oil (Northeast) Consumption (gals) 644 731 584 719 Avg. Price ($/gal) 1.16 1.37

  6. A subsea pipeline comprising secondary containment and leak detection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaempen, C.E.

    1996-09-01

    This paper introduces a corrosion-resistant double-wall composite subsea pipe that provides the pipe with secondary containment and leak detection capability. Tables are presented that describe the pressures attainable with the mechanically coupled double-wall composite subsea pipe illustrated in several figures. A description is provided of the construction of the composite subsea pipe and the mechanical coupling assembly used to rapidly connect it during ocean deployment. The paper concludes with a series of questions and answers that provide cost and production information useful for feasibility studies that evaluate factors relating to the replacement of steel subsea pipe with one that promises improved performance.

  7. A=5n (1988AJ01)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1988AJ01) (Not illustrated)

  8. SANDIA REPORT SAND96-1198 UC-403 Unlimited Release

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Water vapor flux across liquid islands driven by ... 19 Predicted and measured steady-state water content profiles of the capped Simulated ...

  9. Attachment N

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... LIST OF FIGURES Figure Title Figure N-1 Panel Area Flow Figure N-2 VOC Monitoring System ... LCS laboratory control sample m meter MDL method detection limit MOC Management and ...

  10. Weekly Petroleum Status Report

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1 Residual Stocks Figure 5. Stocks of Residual Fuel Oil

  11. Weekly Petroleum Status Report

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Propane Stocks Figure 6. Stocks of Propane/Propylene

  12. Cost and Performance Assumptions for Modeling Electricity Generation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 16 Figure 6. Overnight capital costs-coal ......22 Figure 8. Overnight capital costs-combustion turbine ......

  13. 2007 CBECS Large Hospital Building FAQs: 2003-2007 Comparison Graphs

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    FAQs: 2003-2007 Comparison Graphs Main Report | Methodology | FAQ | List of Tables CBECS 2007 - Release date: August 17, 2012 Jump to: Figure 1 | Figure 2 | Figure 3 | Figure 4 | Figure 5 Figure 1 Number of Large Hospital Buildings and 95% Confidence Intervals by Census Region, 2003 and 2007 Figure 2 Total Floorspace and 95% Confidence Intervals in Large Hospital Buildings by Census Region, 2003 and 2007 Figure 3 Major Fuel Intensity and 95% Confidence Intervals by Census Region, 2003 and 2007

  14. Modeling of fluidized-bed combustion of coal: Phase II, final reports. Volume II. Detailed description of the model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Louis, J.F.; Tung, S.E.

    1980-10-01

    This document is the second of a seven volume series of our Phase II Final Report. This volume deals with detailed descriptions of the structure of each program member (subroutines and functions), the interrelation between the members of a submodel, and the interrelation between the various submodels as such. The systems model for fluidized bed combustors (FBC-II) consists of a systematic combination of the following interrelated areas: fluid mechanics and bubble growth, char combustion and associated kinetics for particle burnout, sulfur capture, NO/sub x/ formation and reduction, freeboard reactions, and heat transfer. Program outline is shown in Figure 1.1. Input variables (supplied by the user are inspected to check that they lie inside the allowed range of values and are input to the various routines as needed. The necessary physical and fluid mechanical properties are calculated and utilized in estimating char combustion and sulfur capture in the bed and the freeboard. NO/sub x/ and CO emissions are estimated by taking into account all relevant chemical reactions. A material and energy balance is made over the bed. Figure 1.1 shows a block diagram of the systems program. In this diagram, the overall structure of the FBC program is illustrated in terms of the various submodels that together constitute the systems program. A more detailed outline of the systems program is shown in Figure 1.2. In this figure, all important subroutine members of the FBC program are shown, and their linkage to each other, as well as to the main program is indicated. A description of the exact sequence in which these various routines are called at time of program execution is provided in Chapter 8 under the executive routine MAIN.

  15. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Corporation (BNC) (United States) Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory (BAPL), West Mifflin, PA ... goethite minerals (Fe1-xMnxOOH) was studied using X-ray absorption spectroscopy. ...

  16. ATTACHMENT N

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    N FIGURES List of Figures for Permit Figure 1: LANL Regional Location Map Figure 2: LANL Facility Boundary and Technical Area (TA)-Specific Map Figure 3: LANL Facility Boundary with Detail of Non-LANL Areas Figure 4: TA-3 Security Fences, Entry Gates, and Entry Stations Figure 5: Reserved Figure 6: TA-50 Security Fences, Entry Gates, and Entry Stations Figure 7: TA-54, Area L, Security Fences, Entry Gates, and Entry Stations Figure 8: TA-54, Area G, Security Fences, Entry Gates, and Entry

  17. Femtosecond laser processing of fuel injectors - a materials processing evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stuart, B C; Wynne, A

    2000-12-16

    ceramic where one material can be machined without damaging the next. Developed originally for the Stockpile Stewardship program of the Department of Energy, numerous industrial, medical and national security applications of the technology have emerged. The difference in machining ability of the ultrashort-pulse laser is dramatically illustrated in Figures 1.2 and 1.3. The clear presence of slag (resolidified molten material) is observable in Figure 1.2a where 1 mm thick stainless steel was cut with a 1 {micro}m solid-state laser. By changing the pulse duration of the laser to the ultrashort regime ({approx} 10{sup -13} to 10{sup -12} sec), material is removed without melting and the formation of slag. A cross section of holes drilled in 304 stainless steel (Figure 1.3) illustrates the lack of any heat affected zone or collateral damage in the remaining material. Note that the individual grain boundaries are intact up to the edge of the laser-machined surface.

  18. Friedel-Like Oscillations from Interstitial Iron in Superconducting...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Fe1+yTe0.62Se0.38 Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Friedel-Like Oscillations from Interstitial Iron in Superconducting Fe1+yTe0.62Se0.38 Using polarized and ...

  19. Book review of Dragonfly Genera of the New World. An Illustrated and Annotated Key to the Anisoptera. Garrison, R.W., N. Von Ellenrieder and J.A. Louton, Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, Baltimore, MD. xi+368 pp. Hardback, ISBN 0-8018-8446-2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cannings, R.A.

    2007-03-15

    This superb book is the most important reference on the Order Odonata to appear since the 1999 publication of Philip Corbet's monumental work on the behavior and ecology of Odonata. In the context of specimen identification and faunistics, it is the most significant contribution in decades, for it opens a new door to the most diverse and least known dragonfly fauna on Earth, that of the Neotropical Region. The book treats the genera of all the New World dragonflies, but while the Nearctic Anisoptera (at least north of the Mexican border) is extensively summarized in many taxonomic and identification manuals (e.g., Needham et al. 2000), the Neotropical fauna remains rather poorly known. Much of it still is undescribed and taxonomic syntheses are few and far between. This is partly because of its huge diversity, the remoteness of much of the region, and the relative scarcity of specimens in collections. As T. W. Donnelly (2006) noted in a recent review of this book, the New World tropics have always been a challenge to biologists in many disciplines because the region was first colonized by the Spanish and Portuguese who largely lacked the tradition of natural history studies characteristic of the British, French, Dutch and Germans in Africa, India or Southeast Asia. In South America there simply was no F. C. Fraser to write an equivalent to his three volumes on the Odonata in The Fauna of British India. Borror (1945) was an early and wonderful resource for deciphering the genera of the large family Libellulidae in the Americas. Calvert's hard-to-find contributions on the Odonata (1902-1908) in the Biologia Centrali-Americana helped students of the Central American fauna; the updated equivalent by Foerster (2001) for Mesoamerican genera is also important. But as far as syntheses and overviews, that's about all there was - until now.

  20. Microsoft Word - ORNL_ADCP_POST_PROCESSING_CODES_FINAL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by the particle (Figure 2.6). Hence, Equation (2.1) becomes: 2 (2.2) Figure 2.5 Sound wave transmission and reflection by particles (Simpson 2001). Figure 2.6 Reflected pulse...

  1. TCMS Examples

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    BPA - Firm NT BPA Direct Connect Load Figure 2 BPA - Secondary NT BPA Figure 3 3 rd Party - Firm PTP BPA - NT (Firm or Secondary) BPA 3 rd Party Transferor Transfer Load Figure 5...

  2. Annual Transuranic Waste Inventory Report - 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    0 Page 4 of 382 Table of Figures Figure 1-1. U.S. Department of Energy TRU Waste Generator Sites ... 17 Figure 2-1. TRU Waste Inventory Process Flowchart...

  3. Microsoft Word - Price Uncertainty Supplement.doc

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    ... In Figure 3, the then-prompt February 2009 futures contract (green dashed curve in Figure ... Figure 4 shows the comparable 2007 period and the same effect. U.S. Energy Information ...

  4. Climatological summary of wind and temperature data for the Hanford Meteorology Monitoring Network

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glantz, C.S.; Schwartz, M.N.; Burk, K.W.; Kasper, R.B.; Ligotke, M.W.; Perrault, P.J.

    1990-09-01

    This document presents climatological summaries of wind and temperature data collected at the twenty-five monitoring stations operated by the Hanford Meteorology Monitoring Network. The climatological analyses presented here involve hourly averaged wind data collected over an 8-year period beginning in 1982 (fewer wind data are available for the several monitoring stations that began full-time operation after 1982) and hourly averaged air temperature data collected over 2-year period beginning in mid-1988. The tables and figures presented in this document illustrate the spatial and temporal variation of meteorological parameters across the Hanford Site and the surrounding areas. This information is useful for emergency response applications, routine meteorological forecasting, planning and scheduling operations, facility design, and environmental impact studies.

  5. Polymers for Chemical Sensors Using Hydrosilylation Chemistry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grate, Jay W.; Kaganove, Steven N.; Nelson, David A.

    2001-06-28

    Sorbent and functionalized polymers play a key role in a diverse set of fields, including chemical sensors, separation membranes, solid phase extraction techniques, and chromatography. Sorbent polymers are critical to a number of sensor array or "electronic nose" systems. The responses of the sensors in the array give rise to patterns that can be used to distinguish one compound from another, provided that a sufficiently diverse set of sensing materials is present in the array. Figure 1 illustrates the concept of several sensors, each with a different sensor coating, giving rise to variable responses to an analyte that appear as a pattern in bar graph format. Using hydrosilylation as the bond-forming reaction, we have developed a versatile and efficient approach to developing sorbent polymers with diverse interactive properties for sensor applications. Both the chemical and physical properties of these polymers are predictable and tunable by design.

  6. Role of the gas distribution company in deregulated environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hare, R.

    1985-08-01

    Survival will be the major concern of gas distribution companies in a deregulated environment. The ability of the companies to respond quickly enough to the intense competition in the industrial and commercial markets will be the deciding factor. Central to pricing the product to meet competition are two main concepts: segmenting the market and unbundling costs. The example of National Fuel Gas prices in its New York Division illustrates how segmenting and unbundling work in establishing competitive rates. Threats to the industry include industrial customer's contracting with a local producer to pipe gas directly to his facility and cheaper rates in other states that will cause industries to shift their production locations. 2 figures.

  7. Integrating the stabilization of nuclear materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dalton, H.F.

    1996-05-01

    In response to Recommendation 94-1 of the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board, the Department of Energy committed to stabilizing specific nuclear materials within 3 and 8 years. These efforts are underway. The Department has already repackaged the plutonium at Rocky Flats and metal turnings at Savannah River that had been in contact with plastic. As this effort proceeds, we begin to look at activities beyond stabilization and prepare for the final disposition of these materials. To describe the plutonium materials being stabilize, Figure 1 illustrates the quantities of plutonium in various forms that will be stabilized. Plutonium as metal comprises 8.5 metric tons. Plutonium oxide contains 5.5 metric tons of plutonium. Plutonium residues and solutions, together, contain 7 metric tons of plutonium. Figure 2 shows the quantity of plutonium-bearing material in these four categories. In this depiction, 200 metric tons of plutonium residues and 400 metric tons of solutions containing plutonium constitute most of the material in the stabilization program. So, it is not surprising that much of the work in stabilization is directed toward the residues and solutions, even though they contain less of the plutonium.

  8. Scientific Needs for Future X-Ray Sources in the U.S.: A White Paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Falcone , Roger; Stohr, Joachim; Bergmann, Uwe; Corlett, John; Galayda, John; Hastings, Jerry; Robert Hettel, Zahid Hussain; Kirz, Janos; McCurdy, Bill; Raubenheimer, Tor; Fernando Sannibale, John Seeman; Shen, Z.-X.; Schoenlein, Robert; Zholents, Alexander; /SLAC /LBL, Berkeley

    2008-10-22

    Many of the important challenges facing humanity, including developing alternative sources of energy and improving health, are being addressed by advances that demand the improved understanding and control of matter. While the visualization, exploration, and manipulation of macroscopic matter have long been technological goals, scientific developments in the twentieth century have focused attention on understanding matter on the atomic scale through the underlying framework of quantum mechanics. Of special interest is matter that consists of natural or artificial nanoscale building blocks defined either by atomic structural arrangements or by electron or spin formations created by collective correlation effects (Figure 1.1). The essence of the challenge to the scientific community has been expressed in five grand challenges for directing matter and energy recently formulated by the Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee. These challenges focus on increasing our understanding of, and ultimately control of, matter at the level of atoms, electrons, and spins, as illustrated in Figure 1.1. Meeting these challenges will require new tools that extend our reach into regions of higher spatial, temporal, and energy resolution. Since the fundamental interaction that holds matter together is of electromagnetic origin, it is intuitively clear that electromagnetic radiation is the critical tool in the study of material properties. On the level of atoms, electrons and spins, x rays have proved especially valuable.

  9. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Data

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Market Prices and Uncertainty Report Charts Selected Charts Figure 1: Historical crude oil front month futures prices Figure 7: Probability of the January 2016 WTI contract expiring above price levels Figure 8: Historical RBOB futures prices and crack spreads Figure 12: Probability of January 2016 retail gasoline exceeding different prices levels at expiration Figure 14: U.S. natural gas prices and storage Figure 16: Probability of the January 2016 Henry Hub contract expiring above price levels

  10. Phase 2 CASL Unlimited Access Report Outline

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Table of Figures Figure 1. Fuel pellets irradiated under normal operating ... defects in nuclear fuel pellets that result from pellet mishandling or manufacturing. ...

  11. Sample manuscript showing style and formatting specifications...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... as the outputs in Figure 5. The extracted green areas are shown in Figure 6 (b). ... States to promote electricity generation from renewable energy sources such as solar. ...

  12. DRAFT OUTLINE of UPDATED

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... shielding, ion column, and tubing for saline solution) Figure C- 55 Gallon Steel Drum ... for powder or pellets) Figure C-Power Reactor Spent Fuel (Shown with personnel ...

  13. FirstNet Template

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... compare BG figures to national figures on population by minority group or poverty status. ... identified with the annual statistical poverty thresholds from the Bureau of the Census' ...

  14. Finding of No Significant Impact and Final Environmental Assessment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ......... 29 3.1.6 Geology and Soils......39 LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1-1. Regional Location of the STM Site ...

  15. Director's Discretionary Research and Development Program, Annual...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ......... 28 3.1.6 Geology and Soils......38 LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1-1. Regional Location of the STM Site ...

  16. Microsoft Word - Revised Manuscript_NCOMMS-13-12354.docx

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... the surfaces of lithium-ion battery (LIB) electrodes evolve simultaneously ... in a single NMC particle (Figure If) and representative ones are displayed in Figure lg. ...

  17. Annual Energy Outlook 2015 - Appendix F

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Figure F5. Natural gas transmission and distribution model regions 218 U.S. Energy Information Administration Annual Energy Outlook 2010 Figure F5. Natural Gas Transmission and ...

  18. With growing numbers of solar energy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Pending SOLAR GLARE HAZARD ANALYSIS TOOL (SGHAT) TECHNOLOGY SUMMARY Figure 1. Glare from solar panels viewed from an air traffic control tower. Figure 2. Screen image of glare...

  19. DOE/SC-ARM-15-032 ARM-ACME V: ARM Airborne Carbon

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Airborne Carbon Measurements Project BC black carbon CARVE NASA Carbon in Arctic ... observations to regional scales, but focused on Alaska as a whole (Figure 2 and Figure 3). ...

  20. ARM TR-006

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... TR-006 Figure 5. Cloud Decision Image Corresponding to Figure 4. Black denotes masking. ... a good seasonal statistical record for a TSI - WSI (Whole Sky Imager) comparison. ...

  1. Microsoft Word - BPA Utility Potential Calculator Guidebook V1...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    installed, and the result is the overall potential for that device (Figure 1). Figure 1 Energy Efficiency Savings Potential Assessment A potential study expands on this concept...

  2. Microsoft Word - 2013 Annual Fire Protection Program Summary...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... and Facility Fire Loss Amounts since 1993 Figure 2: Major Fire Loss Events Figure 3: ... For comparison, the National Fire Protection Association's (NFPA) Fire Loss in the United ...

  3. H2FIRST Reference Station Design Task: Project Deliverable 2...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... and existing sites in relation to the NFPA 2 standard, 2011 edition. * Helping ......... 99 x List of Figures Figure 1. Subtasks and ...

  4. guo-99.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the ground-based Global Positioning System (GPS) precipitable water (PW), wind profiler data, surface parameters from several mesonets (Figure 1), hourly rainfall (Figure 2), etc. ...

  5. DRAFT Microwave Radiometer Profiler Handbook

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Figure 4. Data availability and quality. Most gaps are due to power outages. ...... 18 Figure 5. Monthly mean noise injection temperatures T nd derived from ...

  6. Northeast Site Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids Interim Measures Progress...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    5 Figure 3. Energy Balance......7 Figure 7. Treatment System Process Flow Diagram ... sent from there to the LNAPL and DNAPL waste storage tanks. ...

  7. DOE-STD-1073-93-Pt. 1; DOE Standard Guide for Operational Configuratio...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... II-33 Figure 2-12 Document Control Program: Document Control and Tracking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-36 Figure 2-13 Change Control ...

  8. Expert Meeting: Recommended Approaches to Humidity Control in...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    of IBACOS. Definitions BSC Building Science Corporation AHRI Air Conditioning Heating ... 34 vii List of Figures Figure 1. Computer modeling improvements allowing more ...

  9. Guide to preparing SAND reports and other communication products.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-09-01

    This guide describes the R&A process, Common Look and Feel requirements, and preparation and publishing procedures for communication products at Sandia National Laboratories. Samples of forms and examples of published communications products are provided. This guide takes advantage of the wealth of material now available on the Web as a resource. Therefore, it is best viewed as an electronic document. If some of the illustrations are too small to view comfortably, you can enlarge them on the screen as needed. The format of this document is considerably different than that usually expected of a SAND Report. It was selected to permit the large number of illustrations and examples to be placed closer to the text that references them. In the case of forms, covers, and other items that are included as examples, a link to the Web is provided so that you can access the items and download them for use. This guide details the processes for producing a variety of communication products at Sandia National Laboratories. Figure I-1 shows the general publication development process. Because extensive supplemental material is available from Sandia on the internal web or from external sources (Table I-1), the guide has been shortened to make it easy to find information that you need.

  10. A sensitivity analysis of the treatment of wind energy in the AEO99 version of NEMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Osborn, Julie G; Wood, Frances; Richey, Cooper; Sanders, Sandy; Short, Walter; Koomey, Jonathan

    2001-01-01

    Each year, the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (EIA) publishes a forecast of the domestic energy economy in the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO). During the forecast period of the AEO (currently through 2020), renewable energy technologies have typically not achieved significant growth. The contribution of renewable technologies as electric generators becomes more important, however, in scenarios analyzing greenhouse gas emissions reductions or significant technological advancements. We examined the economic assumptions about wind power used for producing forecasts with the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) to determine their influence on the projected capacity expansion of this technology. This analysis should help illustrate to policymakers what types of issues may affect wind development, and improve the general understanding of the NEMS model itself. Figure 1 illustrates the model structure and factors relevant to wind deployment. We found that NEMS uses various cost multipliers and constraints to represent potential physical and economic limitations to growth in wind capacity, such as resource depletion, costs associated with rapid manufacturing expansion, and grid stability with high levels of capacity from intermittent resources. The model's flexibility allows the user to make alternative assumptions about the magnitude of these factors. While these assumptions have little effect on the Reference Case forecast for the 1999 edition of the AEO, they can make a dramatic difference when wind is more attractive, such as under a carbon permit trading system. With $100/ton carbon permits, the wind capacity projection for 2020 ranges from 15 GW in the unaltered model (AEO99 Reference Case) to 168 GW in the extreme case when all the multipliers and constraints examined in this study are removed. Furthermore, if modifications are made to the model allowing inter-regional transmission of electricity, wind capacity is forecast to reach 214

  11. Pinellas 4.5 Acre Site Semiannual Progress Report for December...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... 15. 2010 Emulsified Soybean Oil Injection Locations ...... 22 Figure 16. 2013 Emulsified Soybean Oil Injection Locations ...

  12. FY 2011 Annual Progress Report for Energy Storage R&D

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ......... 401 Figure IV - 127: Raman spectroscopy obtained on fresh and harvested negative electrodes. ......

  13. 05-20-2010_Final_Testimony_Henry_Kelly.pdf

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    sitesdefaultfilesadministration- officialvicepresidentmemooncleanenergyeconomy.pdf 3 This figure represents the estimated project value if all the existing...

  14. Microsoft Word - N0064700-April 2004 version.doc

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... 100 Pilot Test Areas ...... 51 Figure 2. Injection and Monitoring Location at Pilot Test Area ...

  15. DOE-LM/GJ1131-2006

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... Section of the Long Shot Test ...... 23 Figure 9. Schematic Cross Section of the Milrow Test ......

  16. Weekly Petroleum Status Report

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Crude Stocks Figure 1. Stocks of Crude Oil by PAD District, January 2015 to Present

  17. Weekly Petroleum Status Report

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 KeroJet Stocks Figure 4. Stocks of Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel

  18. DE-EE0003471

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ......... 8 Propylene - Propane Separation ......9 Figure 3: Schematic of propylene-propane system ......

  19. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    and Residual Fuel Oils, by PAD District, 1983-Present . . . . . . . . . . 439 Figures 1. Crude Oil Prices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

  20. Microsoft Word - DRAFT Hannaford Study Report 1-22-2015_CLEAN

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Consumption ... 17 Figure V-6 Turner Store Temperature and Power Consumption Trends - Monthly ... 17...

  1. Biomass as Feedstock for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... 3 2.2 Biomass Feedstock Consumption ......Figure 2. Summary of biomass resource consumption ......

  2. U.S. Manufacturing Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Analysis, November 2012

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    iii CONTENTS LIST OF FIGURES ......................................................................................................................................... v LIST OF TABLES ......................................................................................................................................... ix ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ........................................................................................................................... xi INTRODUCTION

  3. Microsoft Word - Cover Sheet.doc

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    2 Appendices A through I Table of Contents ........................................................................................................................................................ vii List of Figures ............................................................................................................................................................ xiii List of Tables

  4. Microsoft Word - Vol 2 Appendices TOC.doc

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    2 Appendices A through I Table of Contents ........................................................................................................................................................ vii List of Figures ............................................................................................................................................................ xiii List of Tables

  5. Mexicos Regulatory Engagement in Bulk Electric Power System...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ......... 40 3.3.3 Power Flow and Contingency Planning ......... 17 Figure 5. Optimal replacement age. ...

  6. Erratum: Evolution of antiferromagnetic susceptibility under...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    susceptibility under uniaxial pressure inBa(Fe1-xCox)2As2Phys. Rev. B89, 214404 (2014) Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Erratum: Evolution of antiferromagnetic...

  7. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences - Newsletter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    solid. Inelastic neutron scattering measurements of Fe1-xCoxSi alloys were combined with quantum mechanics based calculations to show why the alloys exhibit unusual softening as...

  8. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    solid. Inelastic neutron scattering measurements of Fe1-xCoxSi alloys were combined with quantum mechanics based calculations to show why the alloys exhibit unusual softening as...

  9. Sulfur in the Timbers of Henry VIII's Warship Mary Rose: Synchrotrons...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... a vessel, which is a lignin reinforced channel for water transport, although how the ... Focused micro-XANES spectra occasionally show iron sulfides in particles (Fe1-xS, 0

  10. Microsoft Word - MaryRose.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... a vessel, which is a lignin reinforced channel for water transport, although how the ... Focused micro-XANES spectra occasionally show iron sulfides in particles (Fe 1-x S, ...

  11. Search for: All records | DOE PAGES

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... spectroscopy and thermoelectric power to study the poorly explored, highly overdoped side of the phase diagram of Ba(Fe1-xCox)As high-temperature superconductor. ...

  12. Symmetry-Breaking Orbital Anisotropy Observed for Detwinned Ba...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Symmetry-Breaking Orbital Anisotropy Observed for Detwinned Ba(Fe (1-X) Co (X) ) (2) As (2) Above the Spin Density Wave Transition Citation Details In-Document Search Title: ...

  13. Structure of the oxygen-annealed chalcogenide superconductor...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Fe1.08Te0.55Se0.45Ox Authors: Hu, Hefei ; Zuo, Jian-Min ; Zheng, Mao ; Eckstein, James N. ; Park, Wan Kyu ; Greene, Laura H. ; Wen, Jinsheng ; Xu, Zhijun ; Lin, Zhiwei ; Li,...

  14. Interlayer Coherence and Superconducting Condensate in the c...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Interlayer Coherence and Superconducting Condensate in the c-Axis Response of Optimally Doped Ba(Fe1-xCox)2As2 High-Tc Superconductor Using Infrared Spectroscopy Citation Details ...

  15. Impact of interstitial oxygen on the electronic and magnetic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    interstitial oxygen on the electronic and magnetic structure in superconducting Fe 1 + y Te O x thin films Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Impact of interstitial oxygen...

  16. Fabrication of precision optics using an imbedded reference surface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Folta, James A.; Spiller, Eberhard

    2005-02-01

    The figure of a substrate is very precisely measured and a figured-correcting layer is provided on the substrate. The thickness of the figure-correcting layer is locally measured and compared to the first measurement. The local measurement of the figure-correcting layer is accomplished through a variety of methods, including interferometry and fluorescence or ultrasound measurements. Adjustments in the thickness of the figure-correcting layer are made until the top of the figure-correcting layer matches a desired figure specification.

  17. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Integrated Water Vapor and Cloud Liquid Water at MCTEX Submitter: Liljegren, J. C., Argonne National Laboratory Area of Research: Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Vertical Structures Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: N/A Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Integrated water vapor and cloud liquid water measurements were obtained during the Maritime Continent Thunderstorm Experiment (MCTEX) by Eugene Clothiaux and Tom Ackerman of Penn State University using an ARM

  18. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Surface Characterization Data for the ARM SGP CART Site Submitter: Cialella, A. T., Brookhaven National Laboratory Area of Research: Surface Properties Journal Reference: N/A Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 The ARM External Data Center (XDC) is continually searching for surface characterization data for the ARM CART sites. These data can provide a better understanding of geophysical parameters, allowing for more accurate parameterization within General Circulation Models (GCMs),

  19. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A Comparison of Integrated Water Vapor Sensors: WVIOP-96 Submitter: Liljegren, J. C., Argonne National Laboratory Area of Research: Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Vertical Structures Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: N/A Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 The 1996 Water Vapor Intensive Operations Period (WVIOP-96) was conducted at the SGP CART central facility in September in order to assess the skill of a wide variety of sensors in measuring atmospheric water

  20. Geomechanical Fracturing with Flow and Heat

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2009-01-01

    The GeoFracFH model is a particle-based discrete element model (DEM) that has been coupled with fluid flow and heat conduction/convection. In this model, the rock matrix material is represented by a network of DEM particles connected by mechanical bonds (elastic beams in this case, see Figure 1, gray particles connected by beams). During the simulation process, the mechanical bonds that have been stretched or bent beyond a critical strain (both tensile and shear failures aremore » simulated) are broken and removed from the network in a progressive manner. Bonds can be removed from the network with rates or probabilities that depend on their stress or strain, or the properties of the discrete elements and bonds can be varied continuously to represent phenomena such as creep, strain hardening, and chemical degradation. The coupling of a DEM geomechanical model with models for Darcy flow and heat transport is also illustrated in Figure 1. Darcy flow and heat transport equations are solved on an underlying fixed finite difference grid with evolving porosity and permeability for each grid cell that depends on the local structure of the discrete element network (such as the DEM particle density). The fluid pressure gradient exerts forces on individual elements of the DEM network, which then deforms and fractures the rock matrix. The deformation/fracturing in turn changes the permeability which again changes the evolution of fluid pressure, coupling the two phenomena. The intimate coupling between fracturing, fluid flow, and thermal transport makes the GeoFracFH model, rather than conventional continuum mechanical models, necessary for coupled hydro-thermal-mechanical problems in the subsurface.« less

  1. Modeling the Structural Response from a Propagating High Explosive Using Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Margraf, J

    2012-06-12

    This report primarily concerns the use of two massively parallel finite element codes originally written and maintained at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. ALE3D is an explicit hydrodynamics code commonly employed to simulate wave propagation from high energy scenarios and the resulting interaction with nearby structures. This coupled response ensures that a structure is accurately applied with a blast loading varying both in space and time. Figure 1 illustrates the radial outward propagation of a pressure wave due to a center detonated spherical explosive originating from the lower left. The radial symmetry seen in this scenario is lost when instead a cylindrocal charge is detonated. Figure 2 indicates that a stronger, faster traveling pressure wave occurs in the direction of the normal axis to the cylinder. The ALE3D name is derived because of the use of arbitrary-Lagrange-Eulerian elements in which the mesh is allowed to advect; a process through which the mesh is modified to alleviate tanlging and general mesh distortion often cuased by high energy scenarios. The counterpart to an advecting element is a Lagrange element, whose mesh moves with the material. Ideally all structural components are kept Lagrange as long as possible to preserve accuracy of material variables and minimize advection related errors. Advection leads to mixed zoning, so using structural Lagrange elements also improves the visualization when post processing the results. A simplified representation of the advection process is shown in Figure 3. First the mesh is distorted due to material motion during the Lagrange step. The mesh is then shifted to an idealized and less distorted state to prevent irregular zones caused by the Lagrange motion. Lastly, the state variables are remapped to the elements of the newly constructed mesh. Note that Figure 3 represents a purely Eulerian mesh relaxation because the mesh is relocated back to the pre-Lagrange position. This is the case when the

  2. Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (SECARB)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kenneth J. Nemeth

    2005-09-30

    The Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (SECARB) is a diverse partnership covering eleven states involving the Southern States Energy Board (SSEB) an interstate compact; regulatory agencies and/or geological surveys from member states; the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI); academic institutions; a Native American enterprise; and multiple entities from the private sector. Figure 1 shows the team structure for the partnership. In addition to the Technical Team, the Technology Coalition, an alliance of auxiliary participants, in the project lends yet more strength and support to the project. The Technology Coalition, with its diverse representation of various sectors, is integral to the technical information transfer, outreach, and public perception activities of the partnership. The Technology Coalition members, shown in Figure 2, also provide a breadth of knowledge and capabilities in the multiplicity of technologies needed to assure a successful outcome to the project and serve as an extremely important asset to the partnership. The eleven states comprising the multi-state region are: Alabama; Arkansas; Florida; Georgia; Louisiana; Mississippi; North Carolina; South Carolina; Tennessee; Texas; and Virginia. The states making up the SECARB area are illustrated in Figure 3. The primary objectives of the SECARB project include: (1) Supporting the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Carbon Sequestration Program by promoting the development of a framework and infrastructure necessary for the validation and deployment of carbon sequestration technologies. This requires the development of relevant data to reduce the uncertainties and risks that are barriers to sequestration, especially for geologic storage in the SECARB region. Information and knowledge are the keys to establishing a regional carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) storage industry with public acceptance. (2) Supporting the President's Global Climate Change Initiative with the goal of reducing

  3. Science and Technology of Future Light Sources: A White Paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bergmann, Uwe; Corlett, John; Dierker, Steve; Falcone, Roger; Galayda, John; Gibson, Murray; Hastings, Jerry; Hettel, Bob; Hill, John; Hussain, Zahid; Kao, Chi-Chang; Kirz, a= Janos; Long, Gabrielle; McCurdy, Bill; Raubenheimer, Tor; Sannibale, Fernando; Seeman, John; Shen, Z.-X.; Shenoy, Gopal; Schoenlein, Bob; Shen, Qun; /Argonne /Brookhaven /LBL, Berkeley /SLAC, SSRL

    2009-02-03

    Many of the important challenges facing humanity, including developing alternative sources of energy and improving health, are being addressed by advances that demand the improved understanding and control of matter. While the visualization, exploration, and manipulation of macroscopic matter have long been technological goals, scientific developments in the twentieth century have focused attention on understanding matter on the atomic scale through the underlying framework of quantum mechanics. Of special interest is matter that consists of natural or artificial nanoscale building blocks defined either by atomic structural arrangements or by electron or spin formations created by collective correlation effects (Figure 1.1). The essence of the challenge to the scientific community has been expressed in five grand challenges for directing matter and energy recently formulated by the Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee [1]. These challenges focus on increasing our understanding of, and ultimately control of, matter at the level of atoms, electrons. and spins, as illustrated in Figure 1.1, and serve the entire range of science from advanced materials to life sciences. Meeting these challenges will require new tools that extend our reach into regions of higher spatial, temporal, and energy resolution. X-rays with energies above 10 keV offer capabilities extending beyond the nanoworld shown in Figure 1.1 due to their ability to penetrate into optically opaque or thick objects. This opens the door to combining atomic level information from scattering studies with 3D information on longer length scales from real space imaging with a resolution approaching 1 nm. The investigation of multiple length scales is important in hierarchical structures, providing knowledge about function of living organisms, the atomistic origin of materials failure, the optimization of industrial synthesis, or the working of devices. Since the fundamental interaction that holds matter

  4. EA-106 Arizona Public Service (MX).pdf

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    EA-1037; Final Environmental Assessment for the Uranium Lease Management Program July 1995 (DOE/EA-1037) Table of Contents Glossary 1.0 Introduction 2.0 Purpose and Need for Action 3.0 Description of Alternatives 4.0 Affected Environment 5.0 Environmental Impacts 6.0 List of Persons Consulted 7.0 References Figures Figure 1. Uranium Lease Management Program Lease Tract Map Figure 2. Transportation Haul Routes Figure 3. Uravan Lease Tract Area Figure 4. Paradox Valley Lease Tract Area Figure 5.

  5. A=12He (1985AJ01)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    85AJ01) (Not illustrated) See (1983ANZQ; theor.

  6. A=19Mg (1972AJ02)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2AJ02) (Not illustrated) See (1965GO1D

  7. A=6C (1984AJ01)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4AJ01) (Not illustrated) Not observed: see (1979AJ

  8. DOE-LM/XXXX-2006

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... B-21 Figure B-26. Thorium-228 Concentration Versus Time Plot for Location SWP-02 (Paddys ... B-21 Figure B-27. Thorium-230 Concentration Versus Time Plot for Location SWP-02 (Paddys ...

  9. Microsoft Word - Appendix-B.docx

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... B-23 Figure B.1-26. Thorium-228 Concentration vs. Time Plot for Location SWP-02 (Paddys ... B-23 Figure B.1-27. Thorium-230 Concentration vs. Time Plot for Location SWP-02 (Paddys ...

  10. Collisional-Radiative Modeling of Tungsten at Temperatures of...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... by RATS. Calculations were performed in the relativistic configuration-average mode. ... RCA calculations shown in Figure 2. 2e+20 1.5e+20 1e+20 1 J 5e+19 0 Figure 3. Emission ...

  11. Room Temperature Ferrimagnetism and Ferroelectricity in Strained...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... panel) at 300 K in total electron yield mode (TEY) after pulsing at 9.5 kOe for Filml. ... the phase right after poling shown in Figure 5d, d) reading again after 24 h (Figure 5e). ...

  12. Microsoft Word - LBNL58878_cover.doc

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Core plugs measuring 2.54 cm in diameter (1") that were obtained from the hand samples were used for the rock-property measurements (Figure 1). Figure 1. Core plugs of samples ...

  13. Structure of the CRA-2014: Structure of the CRA-2014

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Figure STRUCT-1 maps all 23 sections and 13 appendices and the relationship of each appendix to specific sections in the CRA-2014. 2014 CRA Pictoral Road Map102313.bmp Figure ...

  14. Developing El Niño The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administratio...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... The site at Manus Island (Figure 3), Papua New Guinea, is always in the "warm pool," whereas the site on the island of Nauru (Figure 4), approximately 1200 miles to the east, is in ...

  15. Bimolecular Crystals of Fullerenes in Conjugated Polymers and...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bimolecular Crystals of Fullerenes in Conjugated Polymers and the Implications of Molecular Mixing for Solar Cells figure 1 Figure 1: Diffraction data for pBTTT:PC71BM blends of ...

  16. DOI: 10

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... 1 qm on average, (Figure 2b), whereas for 40% RH, it is approximately 300 nm (Figure 2d). ... RH).25 Utilization of ion-containing materials provide a clear competitive advantage in ...

  17. Structure of P-Glycoprotein Reveals a Molecular Basis for Poly...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for Poly-Specific Drug Binding figure 1 Figure 1. Structure of P-gp. Many forms of cancer fail to respond to chemotherapy by acquiring multidrug resistance (MDR), to which has...

  18. Microsoft Word - Attachment M.doc

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    M FIGURES RESERVED Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Hazardous Waste Permit November 30, 2010 (This page intentionally blank) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Hazardous Waste Permit November 30, 2010 PERMIT ATTACHMENT M Page M-i ATTACHMENT M FIGURES RESERVED

  19. Microsoft PowerPoint - DAR_Monsoon_CNL2007c.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    sky cover for CS2 data for Periods 2 (blue), 3 (red), 4 (yellow), 5 (light blue) and TWP-ICE (black). Figure 7: Similar to Figure 6, but for daylight overcast cloud optical depths...

  20. SORD Technical Memorandum SORD 2006-3

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    62 Figure 18. DRA Solar Radiation for June 20, 2004, a nearly cloud-free day. Figure 19. DRA Solar Radiation for September 22, 2004, a nearly cloud-free day. 63 VIII. ATMOSPHERIC...

  1. Microsoft Word - NETL-TRS-2-2013_Foamed Cement_20140124.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    largest bubbles. (C) Largest bubbles in data set that sum to 10% of the total void space ... Figure 11 shows similar results as Figure 10, but with a higher resolution data set of the ...

  2. Giant Controllable Magnetization ...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Figure 1(b) (red line) also shows how applying a saturation magnetic field of 1T, then ... in the nuclear scattering length density (NSLD) profiles as the red curve in Figure 2(c). ...

  3. Final Technical Report

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... If the singlet bipolaron comprises the majority (Figure 1a, red line), the susceptibility ... nanohybrid solution becomes darker due to a red shift in the photoabsorption (Figure 5c). ...

  4. Selective Catalaytic Oxidation of Hydrogen Sulfide to Elemental...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Figure 6 is a highly tentative roadmap for maturing this technology. Figure 6. Tentative roadmap for SCOHS process development. FY00 FY01 FY02 FY03 >FY04 Proof-of-Concept Catalyst ...

  5. 2015 Uranium Marketing Annual Report

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Figure 3. Uranium purchased by owners and operators of U.S. civilian nuclear power reactors by origin and delivery year, 2011-15 Figure 4. Weighted-average price of uranium ...

  6. Microsoft Word - S06815_2010 Ann Rpt

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... The best demonstration of changes in sulfate since the onset of remediation is provided in Figure 1-17 (see plume map comparison). In this figure, marked reductions in sulfate ...

  7. Microsoft Word - Frontiers_DUAN_12_R.docx

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... of MgO (red line in Figure 4) to a higher temperature range (green line in Figure 4). ... Therefore, the heat of reaction and free energy change of CO2 capture reaction by ...

  8. 2015 Groundwater Monitoring Report Project Shoal Area Subsurface...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... S13448 April 2016 Page 2 Figure 1. Location of the Project Shoal Area U.S. Department of ... The contaminant boundary (Figure 2) is a probabilistic forecast of the maximum extent over ...

  9. SORD Technical Memorandum SORD 2006-3

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    62 Figure 18. DRA Solar Radiation for June 20, 2004, a nearly cloud-free day. Figure 19. DRA Solar Radiation for September 22, 2004, a nearly cloud-free day. 63 VIII. ATMOSPHERIC ...

  10. CRISPR RNA-guided Surveillance in Escherichia Coli | Stanford...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CRISPR RNA-guided Surveillance in Escherichia Coli Friday, January 30, 2015 CRISPR figure Figure 1. Overview of the Cascade crystal structure (PDB 4TVX). A) Shown is a schematic of...

  11. Issued by Sandia National Laboratories, operated for the United...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of average annual power using 2 and 42 bending moment (BM) deendencies. Figure 3.2. PROP output for the AWT-26 model. 33 Figure 3.3. Power to Average Power Conversion. 33...

  12. SANDIA REPORT

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... worst-case week. ...... 25 Figure 14. Substation power with and without zero-current ... regulating devices is shown in Figure 3. The furthest bus is 21.4km from the substation. ...

  13. ADMINISTRATIVE RECORD JtQS'&L ADMINISTRATIVE RECORD

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... Figure IV-2 From Smith and Black, EPA-6006-84-020, 1984. (Figure 4. Average 90 Sr ... G. D. Potter G. R. Eisele J. Barth D. D. Smith F. H. F. Au, W. F. Beckert W. E. Martin, S. ...

  14. Electricity | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AEO2011 report Full figure data for Figure 76. Reference Case Tables Table 1. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - New England Table 2. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source...

  15. Predicting Chemical Pathways for Li-O2 Batteries - Joint Center...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    March 6, 2014, Research Highlights Predicting Chemical Pathways for Li-O2 Batteries ... figure) and (LiO2)6 (red curve, upper figure) to Li2O2 using quantum chemical theory. ...

  16. 15100r08.fm

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... There is a systematic relationship between the faults and a number of gas and oil ... Figure 2.2. Main ATLAS screen displays oil and gas well locations. Figure 2.3. ATLAS Edit ...

  17. Deconstructing the Peptide-MHC Specificity of T Cell Recognition...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Deconstructing the Peptide-MHC Specificity of T Cell Recognition Saturday, May 31, 2014 T Cell Figure Figure 1. Overlay of TCR-pMHC structures for 2B4 recognizing MCC (PDB ID: ...

  18. Structure of P-Glycoprotein Reveals a Molecular Basis for Poly...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Structure of P-Glycoprotein Reveals a Molecular Basis for Poly-Specific Drug Binding figure 1 Figure 1. Structure of P-gp. Many forms of cancer fail to respond to chemotherapy by ...

  19. Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mesoscale Phase Distribution in Li-ion Battery Electrode Materials May 2013 SSRL Science Summary by Lori Ann White, SLAC Office of Communications Figure Figure 1a) Chemical phase...

  20. Strategy Guideline: Accurate Heating and Cooling Load Calculations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air- Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE). ......... 8 Figure 7. ASHRAE Winter and Summer Comfort Zones ...

  1. General Recommendations for a Federal Data Center Energy Management...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Acronyms AHU Air Handler Unit ASHRAE American Society of Heating, ......... 11 Figure 3. ASHRAE Sample Dashboard (Courtesy of ASHRAE) ...

  2. Organic Photovoltaic Cells with an Electric Field Integrally-Formed at the

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Heterojunction Interface - Energy Innovation Portal Solar Photovoltaic Solar Photovoltaic Find More Like This Return to Search Organic Photovoltaic Cells with an Electric Field Integrally-Formed at the Heterojunction Interface National Renewable Energy Laboratory Brookhaven National Laboratory Contact NREL About This Technology Figure 4 Figure 4 Figure 6 Figure 6 Technology Marketing SummaryStandard solar cells made from inorganic semiconductors, such as silicon cells, have dominated the

  3. Microsoft Word - N00647-Enhanced Bioremediation-October 2003...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    .........8 4.0 Pilot Test Study Modeling......and Injection Locations for Pilot Test Study 0514...... 10 Figure ...

  4. Appendix V Public Involvement Plan

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... Attachment 1: Overview of the Nevada Test Site ......Number Title Page Figure 1 - Nevada Test Site and Surrounding Areas......

  5. Effects of dissimilatory sulfate reduction on iron (hydr)oxide...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and microbial community development. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. http:www.sciencedirect.comsciencearticlepiiS0016703713005462 Figure 1: Aquatic and terrestrial...

  6. Life Cycle Inventory of Biodiesel and Petroleum Diesel for Use...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ...162 Figure 73: Ranking of Electricity Requirements for Our Process Design Model and for Current Comparable Technology...

  7. TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM PLAN

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... TABLE Of CONTENTS v 4.4 Advanced Oxy-Fuel Turbine ......11 Figure 2-2. Advanced Hydrogen Turbine ......

  8. Microsoft Word - FINAL_TECHNICAL_REPORT.doc

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ......... 27 Figure 16 Comparison between simulation and experimental results: (a) Top view of final simulated inclusion locations. ...

  9. Natural Gas Processing Plants in the United States: 2010 Update...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    7. Natural Gas Processing Plants in Alaska, 2009 Figure 7. Natural Gas Processing Plants in Alaska, 2009...

  10. Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-X-ray free-electron laser (CXIDB ID 3)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Chapman, H. N.

    2011-02-23

    The diffraction pattern of this entry corresponds to the one shown in **figure 2a** of the corresponding citation.

  11. Weekly Petroleum Status Report

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7 Mogas Stocks Figure 2. Stocks of Total Motor Gasoline by PAD District, January 2015 to Present

  12. Weekly Petroleum Status Report

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    9 Distillate Stocks Figure 3. Stocks of Distillate Fuel Oil by PAD District, January 2015 to Present

  13. Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-X-ray free-electron laser (CXIDB ID 3)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Chapman, H. N.

    The diffraction pattern of this entry corresponds to the one shown in **figure 2a** of the corresponding citation.

  14. DE-EE0005449 High-Voltage Solid Polymer ...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... 20 Figure 15: Cycling of 270 W hkg V205 test cells............24 Table 5: Safety Test Results......

  15. RPSEA Final Report

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 1 Figure 2 Crossplot of permeability vs. porosity of the Arbuckle dolomite core samples from Ogallah unit...

  16. Network_Plan_2008_Main

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    .........31 Figure 7 - J.D. Smith ......Site Spatial Scale Objective Craig Road Neighborhood Population exposure J.D. Smith ...

  17. Correction to “Quantitatively probing the Al distribution in zeolites”

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vjunov, Aleksei; Fulton, John L.; Huthwelker, Thomas; Pin, Sonia; Mei, Donghai; Schenter, Gregory K.; Govind, Niranjan; Camaioni, Donald M.; Hu, Jian Z.; Lercher, Johannes A.

    2015-02-18

    This is a correction of the published article, which fixes errors in the spectra depicted in figures 9 and 10.

  18. Health Effects from Advanced Combustion and Fuel Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barone, Teresa L; Parks, II, James E; Lewis Sr, Samuel Arthur; Connatser, Raynella M

    2010-01-01

    This document requires a separate file for the figures. It is for DOE's Office of Vehicle Technologies Annual Report

  19. Microsoft Word - Vol 1 Chapters TOC.doc

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    1 - Book 1 (Chapters 1 through 4) Table of Contents ........................................................................................................................................................ vii List of Figures ......................................................................................................................................................... xxvii List of Tables

  20. 2014 Year-in-Review

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ......... 8 3.1.2 Power Plant Outages ............18 Figure 8. Retired Coal-fired Generation Capacity, 2014 ...

  1. Reliability of Transport Properties for Bulk Thermoelectrics

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presents international round-robin study to ensure quality of transport data and figure of merit of thermoelectric materials

  2. Review of trigger and on-line processors at SLAC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lankford, A.J.

    1984-07-01

    The role of trigger and on-line processors in reducing data rates to manageable proportions in e/sup +/e/sup -/ physics experiments is defined not by high physics or background rates, but by the large event sizes of the general-purpose detectors employed. The rate of e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation is low, and backgrounds are not high; yet the number of physics processes which can be studied is vast and varied. This paper begins by briefly describing the role of trigger processors in the e/sup +/e/sup -/ context. The usual flow of the trigger decision process is illustrated with selected examples of SLAC trigger processing. The features are mentioned of triggering at the SLC and the trigger processing plans of the two SLC detectors: The Mark II and the SLD. The most common on-line processors at SLAC, the BADC, the SLAC Scanner Processor, the SLAC FASTBUS Controller, and the VAX CAMAC Channel, are discussed. Uses of the 168/E, 3081/E, and FASTBUS VAX processors are mentioned. The manner in which these processors are interfaced and the function they serve on line is described. Finally, the accelerator control system for the SLC is outlined. This paper is a survey in nature, and hence, relies heavily upon references to previous publications for detailed description of work mentioned here. 27 references, 9 figures, 1 table.

  3. Sandia Cognitive Rsch. Environ.: Associative Network and Situation Recognition C

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2003-12-11

    The software implements core elements of the SCORE Cognitive Framework. This Associative Network and Situation Recognition core is implemented in the Umbra simulation and modular software framework, which is C++-based. An instance of the cognitive framework “kernel” is implemented as a network of Umbra modules (Gottlieb, et al, 2002) comprising a Concepts Database, an Associative Network, a Situation Recognizer, a Comparator, and a Situations-Concept Driver. At initialization, these modules load the data files that togethermore » specify all the components of a particular cognitive model, such as concept declarations, situation declarations, spreading activation weights, and situation-cue-patterns. The software also includes a Discrepancy Detector class for detecting, overtime, discrepancies between instances of situations and occurrences of actions, A Discrepancy Detector can be incorporated into a system that includes, in addition to the network of modules above, software that monitors when a user performs an action and that passes this information to the Discrepancy Detector module, At initialization, the Discrepancy Detector module in such a system reads in data file specifying action declarations, the expectations of action instances due to a situation instance, and actions that should be considered discrepant when an instance is not expected. The figure below illustrates a prototype system incorporating a Discrepancy Detector module.« less

  4. Optimising energy recovery and use of chemicals, resources and materials in modern waste-to-energy plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Greef, J.; Villani, K.; Goethals, J.; Van Belle, H.; Van Caneghem, J.; Vandecasteele, C.

    2013-11-15

    Highlights: • WtE plants are to be optimized beyond current acceptance levels. • Emission and consumption data before and after 5 technical improvements are discussed. • Plant performance can be increased without introduction of new techniques or re-design. • Diagnostic skills and a thorough understanding of processes and operation are essential. - Abstract: Due to ongoing developments in the EU waste policy, Waste-to-Energy (WtE) plants are to be optimized beyond current acceptance levels. In this paper, a non-exhaustive overview of advanced technical improvements is presented and illustrated with facts and figures from state-of-the-art combustion plants for municipal solid waste (MSW). Some of the data included originate from regular WtE plant operation – before and after optimisation – as well as from defined plant-scale research. Aspects of energy efficiency and (re-)use of chemicals, resources and materials are discussed and support, in light of best available techniques (BAT), the idea that WtE plant performance still can be improved significantly, without direct need for expensive techniques, tools or re-design. In first instance, diagnostic skills and a thorough understanding of processes and operations allow for reclaiming the silent optimisation potential.

  5. Probabilistic oil-outflow analysis of alternative tanker designs. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-07-01

    The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 mandates double hulls for all newly constructed tankers calling in U.S. waters. This study addresses the equivalence of four proposed alternatives to the Double Hull design, based on projected oil outflow resulting from groundings and collisions. The four alternative designs were the Mid-Deck tanker, an underpressure system fitted to a MARPOL tanker, and two proprietary tankage configurations, the Coulombi Egg and POLMIS tankers. Three sizes of vessels, with cargo capacities of 50,000, 150,000, and 272,000 metric tons, were investigated. A probabilistic approach has been adopted for these analyses, utilizing statistical data for tanker casualties developed for the International Maritime Organization. Both side and bottom damage were considered. Loss calculations were based on hydrostatic balance principles. Initial oil loss at impact and dynamic losses due to current and waves were computed based on model tests. Plots illustrating the cumulative oil outflow for each damage condition are presented. Three figures of merit were computed for each damage condition. These are: the probability of zero outflow, the mean outflow, and the extreme (1/10) outflow.

  6. Probabilistic oil outflow analysis of alternative tanker designs. Addendum 1. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-01

    This report is an addendum to Probabilistic Oil Outflow Analysis of Alternative Tanker Designs, U.S. Department of Transportation, U.S. Coast Guard, Report No. CG-D-14-92, July 1992. It covers the effects of design modifications to the Double Hull, Mid-Deck and Underpressure (MARPOL) designs for the 272,000 DWT size, and clarifies the evaluation made of the underpressure concept. The design modifications were made so that these ships would meet the requirements of Regulation 23 of the MARPOL 73/78 Annex for hypothetical outflow of oil. Results for two other designs, the Coulombi Egg and POLMIS, are also presented. A probabilistic approach has been adopted for these analyses, utilizing statistical data for tanker casualties developed for the International Maritime Organization. Both side and bottom damage were considered. Loss calculations were based on hydrostatic balance principles. Initial oil loss at impact and dynamic losses due to current and waves were computed based on model tests. Plots illustrating the cumulative oil outflow for each damage condition are presented. Three figures of merit were computed for each damage condition. These are: the probability of zero outflow, the mean outflow, and the extreme (1/10) outflow.

  7. When will low-contrast features be visible in a STEM X-ray spectrum image?

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Parish, Chad M.

    2015-02-03

    When will a small or low-contrast feature, such as an embedded second-phase particle, be visible in a scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) X-ray map? This work illustrates a computationally inexpensive method to simulate X-ray maps and spectrum images (SIs), based upon the equations of X-ray generation and detection. To particularize the general procedure, an example of nanostructured ferritic alloy (NFA) containing nm-sized Y2Ti2O7 embedded precipitates in ferritic stainless steel matrix is chosen. The proposed model produces physically appearing simulated SI data sets, which can either be reduced to X-ray dot maps or analyzed via multivariate statistical analysis. Comparison to NFAmore » X-ray maps acquired using three different STEM instruments match the generated simulations quite well, despite the large number of simplifying assumptions used. A figure of merit of electron dose multiplied by X-ray collection solid angle is proposed to compare feature detectability from one data set (simulated or experimental) to another. The proposed method can scope experiments that are feasible under specific analysis conditions on a given microscope. As a result, future applications, such as spallation proton–neutron irradiations, core-shell nanoparticles, or dopants in polycrystalline photovoltaic solar cells, are proposed.« less

  8. Self Adaptive Air Turbine for Wave Energy Conversion Using Shutter Valve and OWC Heoght Control System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Di Bella, Francis A

    2014-09-29

    An oscillating water column (OWC) is one of the most technically viable options for converting wave energy into useful electric power. The OWC system uses the wave energy to “push or pull” air through a high-speed turbine, as illustrated in Figure 1. The turbine is typically a bi-directional turbine, such as a Wells turbine or an advanced Dennis-Auld turbine, as developed by Oceanlinx Ltd. (Oceanlinx), a major developer of OWC systems and a major collaborator with Concepts NREC (CN) in Phase II of this STTR effort. Prior to awarding the STTR to CN, work was underway by CN and Oceanlinx to produce a mechanical linkage mechanism that can be cost-effectively manufactured, and can articulate turbine blades to improve wave energy capture. The articulation is controlled by monitoring the chamber pressure. Funding has been made available from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to CN (DOE DE-FG-08GO18171) to co-share the development of a blade articulation mechanism for the purpose of increasing energy recovery. However, articulating the blades is only one of the many effective design improvements that can be made to the composite subsystems that constitute the turbine generator system.

  9. Scientific Needs for Future X-ray Sources in the U.S. -- A White Paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Falcone, Roger; Stohr, Joachim; Bergmann, Uwe; Corlett, John; Galayda, John; Hastings, Jerry; Hettel, Bob; Hussain, Zahid; Kirz, Janos; McCurdy, Bill; Raubenheimer, Tor; Sannibale, Fernando; Seeman, John; Shen, Z.-X.; Schoenlein, Bob; Zholents, Alexander

    2008-10-16

    Many of the important challenges facing humanity, including developing alternative sources of energy and improving heath, are being addressed by advances that demand the improved understanding and control of matter. While the visualization, exploration, and manipulation of macroscopic matter have long been technological goals, scientific developments in the twentieth century have focused attention on understanding matter on the atomic scale through the underlying framework of quantum mechanics. Of special interest is matter that consists of natural or artificial nanoscale building blocks defined either by atomic structural arrangements or by electron or spin formations created by collective correlation effects. The essence of the challenge to the scientific community has been expressed in five grand challenges for directing matter and energy recently formulated by the Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee. These challenges focus on increasing our understanding of, and ultimately control of, matter at the level of atoms, electrons. and spins, as illustrated in Figure 1.1. Meeting these challenges will require new tools that extend our reach into regions of higher spatial, temporal, and energy resolution. Since the fundamental interaction that holds matter together is of electromagnetic origin, it is intuitively clear that electromagnetic radiation is the critical tool in the study of material properties. On the level of atoms, electrons and spins, x rays have proved especially valuable.

  10. Coal data: A reference

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-02-01

    This report, Coal Data: A Reference, summarizes basic information on the mining and use of coal, an important source of energy in the US. This report is written for a general audience. The goal is to cover basic material and strike a reasonable compromise between overly generalized statements and detailed analyses. The section ``Supplemental Figures and Tables`` contains statistics, graphs, maps, and other illustrations that show trends, patterns, geographic locations, and similar coal-related information. The section ``Coal Terminology and Related Information`` provides additional information about terms mentioned in the text and introduces some new terms. The last edition of Coal Data: A Reference was published in 1991. The present edition contains updated data as well as expanded reviews and additional information. Added to the text are discussions of coal quality, coal prices, unions, and strikes. The appendix has been expanded to provide statistics on a variety of additional topics, such as: trends in coal production and royalties from Federal and Indian coal leases, hours worked and earnings for coal mine employment, railroad coal shipments and revenues, waterborne coal traffic, coal export loading terminals, utility coal combustion byproducts, and trace elements in coal. The information in this report has been gleaned mainly from the sources in the bibliography. The reader interested in going beyond the scope of this report should consult these sources. The statistics are largely from reports published by the Energy Information Administration.

  11. Update on the Stockpile Monitor Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rivera, T.; Harry, H.H.

    1999-04-01

    In 1991 the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) launched a program to develop a comprehensive database of warhead storage conditions. Because of the extended lifetimes expected of the Stockpile, it became desirable to obtain as much detailed information on the storage environments as possible. Temperature and relative humidity at various facilities capable of storing and/or handling nuclear weapons were used as monitoring locations. The Stockpile Monitor Program (SMP) was implemented in a variety of locations as illustrated in a figure. Probably the most useful data come from the most extreme conditions monitored. The hottest outside temperatures and relative humidities come from Barksdale, while some of the lowest relative humidity values come from Nellis, which continue to be monitored. The coldest conditions come from Grand Forks, Griffiss, and KI Sawyer, none of which are presently being monitored. For this reason, the authors would like to begin monitoring Minot, ND. The outside extreme temperatures are ameliorated by the structures to a significant degree. For example, the hottest outside temperature (120 F) is contrasted by the corresponding cooler inside temperature (85 F), and the coldest outside temperature ({minus}35 F) is contrasted by the corresponding warmer inside temperature (+25 F). These data have become useful for calculations related to stockpile-to-target sequence (STS) and other analyses. SMP information has been provided to a number of outside agencies.

  12. Effect of material heat treatment on fatigue crack initiation in austenitic stainless steels in LWR environments.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chopra, O. K.; Alexandreanu, B.; Shack, W. J.; Energy Technology

    2005-07-31

    The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code provides rules for the design of Class 1 components of nuclear power plants. Figures I-9.1 through I-9.6 of Appendix I to Section III of the Code specify design curves for applicable structural materials. However, the effects of light water reactor (LWR) coolant environments are not explicitly addressed by the Code design curves. The existing fatigue strain-vs.-life ({var_epsilon}-N) data illustrate potentially significant effects of LWR coolant environments on the fatigue resistance of pressure vessel and piping steels. Under certain environmental and loading conditions, fatigue lives of austenitic stainless steels (SSs) can be a factor of 20 lower in water than in air. This report presents experimental data on the effect of heat treatment on fatigue crack initiation in austenitic Type 304 SS in LWR coolant environments. A detailed metallographic examination of fatigue test specimens was performed to characterize the crack morphology and fracture morphology. The key material, loading, and environmental parameters and their effect on the fatigue life of these steels are also described. Statistical models are presented for estimating the fatigue {var_epsilon}-N curves for austenitic SSs as a function of material, loading, and environmental parameters. Two methods for incorporating the effects of LWR coolant environments into the ASME Code fatigue evaluations are presented.

  13. Mechanism and estimation of fatigue crack initiation in austenitic stainless steels in LWR environments.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chopra, O. K.; Energy Technology

    2002-08-01

    The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code provides rules for the construction of nuclear power plant components. Figures I-9.1 through I-9.6 of Appendix I to Section III of the Code specify fatigue design curves for structural materials. However, the effects of light water reactor (LWR) coolant environments are not explicitly addressed by the Code design curves. Existing fatigue strain-vs.-life ({var_epsilon}-N) data illustrate potentially significant effects of LWR coolant environments on the fatigue resistance of pressure vessel and piping steels. This report provides an overview of fatigue crack initiation in austenitic stainless steels in LWR coolant environments. The existing fatigue {var_epsilon}-N data have been evaluated to establish the effects of key material, loading, and environmental parameters (such as steel type, strain range, strain rate, temperature, dissolved-oxygen level in water, and flow rate) on the fatigue lives of these steels. Statistical models are presented for estimating the fatigue {var_epsilon}-N curves for austenitic stainless steels as a function of the material, loading, and environmental parameters. Two methods for incorporating environmental effects into the ASME Code fatigue evaluations are presented. The influence of reactor environments on the mechanism of fatigue crack initiation in these steels is also discussed.

  14. Full-scale computation for all the thermoelectric property parameters of half-Heusler compounds

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Hong, A. J.; Li, L.; He, R.; Gong, J. J.; Yan, Z. B.; Wang, K. F.; Liu, J. -M.; Ren, Z. F.

    2016-03-07

    The thermoelectric performance of materials relies substantially on the band structures that determine the electronic and phononic transports, while the transport behaviors compete and counter-act for the power factor PF and figure-of-merit ZT. These issues make a full-scale computation of the whole set of thermoelectric parameters particularly attractive, while a calculation scheme of the electronic and phononic contributions to thermal conductivity remains yet challenging. In this work, we present a full-scale computation scheme based on the first-principles calculations by choosing a set of doped half- Heusler compounds as examples for illustration. The electronic structure is computed using the WIEN2k codemore » and the carrier relaxation times for electrons and holes are calculated using the Bardeen and Shockley’s deformation potential (DP) theory. The finite-temperature electronic transport is evaluated within the framework of Boltzmann transport theory. In sequence, the density functional perturbation combined with the quasi-harmonic approximation and the Klemens’ equation is implemented for calculating the lattice thermal conductivity of carrier-doped thermoelectric materials such as Tidoped NbFeSb compounds without losing a generality. The calculated results show good agreement with experimental data. Lastly, the present methodology represents an effective and powerful approach to calculate the whole set of thermoelectric properties for thermoelectric materials.« less

  15. Crosswell Imaging Technology & Advanced DSR Navigation for Horizontal Directional Drilling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larry Stolarczyk

    2008-08-08

    The objective of Phase II is to develop and demonstrate real-time measurement-while-drilling (MWD) for guidance and navigation of drill strings during horizontal drilling operations applicable to both short and long holes. The end product of Phase II is a functional drill-string assembly outfitted with a commercial version of Drill String Radar (DSR). Project Objectives Develop and demonstrate a dual-phase methodology of in-seam drilling, imaging, and structure confirmation. This methodology, illustrated in Figure 1, includes: (1) Using RIM to image between drill holes for seam thickness estimates and in-seam structures detection. Completed, February 2005; and (2) Using DSR for real-time MWD guidance and navigation of drillstrings during horizontal drilling operations. Completed, November 2008. As of November 2008, the Phase II portion of Contract DE-FC26-04NT42085 is about 99% complete, including milestones and tasks original outlined as Phase II work. The one percent deficiency results from MSHA-related approvals which have yet to be granted (at the time of reporting). These approvals are pending and are do not negatively impact the scope of work or project objectives.

  16. Measuring bulky waste arisings in Hong Kong

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chung Shanshan; Lau, Ka-yan Winifred; Zhang Chan

    2010-05-15

    All too often, waste authorities either assume that they know enough about their bulky waste stream or that it is too insignificant to deserve attention. In this paper, we use Hong Kong as an example to illustrate that official bulky waste figures can actually be very different from the reality and therefore important waste management decisions made based on such statistics may be wrong too. This study is also the first attempt in Hong Kong to outline the composition of bulky waste. It was found that about 342 tonnes/day of wood waste were omitted by official statistics owing to incomplete records on actual bulky waste flow. This is more than enough to provide all the feedstock needed for one regular-sized wood waste recycling facility in Hong Kong. In addition, the proportion of bulky waste in the municipal solid waste (MSW) streams in Hong Kong should be about 6.1% instead of the officially stated 1.43%. Admittedly, there are limitations with this study. Yet, present findings are suggestive of significant MSW data distortion in Hong Kong.

  17. Final Report - Development of a Strategic Energy Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maracas, Kate; Hooks, Todd

    2006-11-30

    The Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians was awarded a grant under the U.S. Department of Energy’s (“DOE”) Tribal Energy Program to develop a comprehensive Tribal energy plan. The grant, awarded under DOE’s First Steps program, supported the development of a strategic energy plan that integrates with the Tribe’s overall planning and economic development goals, and aligns with Tribal cultural, social, political, and spiritual values. The Tribe set out to incorporate its energy plan into (i) a broader economic development strategy developed by investigators at the University of California at Riverside, and (ii) the overarching goals for job-creation and wealth-creation that are held by both the Tribe and the surrounding Coachella Valley. With these wide-ranging objectives in mind, the Tribe and its consultant, Red Mountain Energy Partners, engaged in a phased approach to creating the strategic energy plan. As illustrated in Figure 1 below, the proposed approach involved both “serial” and “parallel” activities. The capacity-building component of this approach occurred throughout the duration of the project period.

  18. Al00.3Ga0.7N PN diode with breakdown voltage >1600 V

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Allerman, A. A.; Armstrong, A. M.; Fischer, A. J.; Dickerson, J. R.; Crawford, M. H.; King, M. P.; Moseley, M. W.; Wierer, J. J.; Kaplar, R. J.

    2016-07-21

    Demonstration of Al00.3Ga0.7N PN diodes grown with breakdown voltages in excess of 1600 V is reported. The total epilayer thickness is 9.1 μm and was grown by metal-organic vapour-phase epitaxy on 1.3-mm-thick sapphire in order to achieve crack-free structures. A junction termination edge structure was employed to control the lateral electric fields. A current density of 3.5 kA/cm2 was achieved under DC forward bias and a reverse leakage current <3 nA was measured for voltages <1200 V. The differential on-resistance of 16 mΩ cm2 is limited by the lateral conductivity of the n-type contact layer required by the front-surface contactmore » geometry of the device. An effective critical electric field of 5.9 MV/cm was determined from the epilayer properties and the reverse current–voltage characteristics. To our knowledge, this is the first aluminium gallium nitride (AlGaN)-based PN diode exhibiting a breakdown voltage in excess of 1 kV. Finally, we note that a Baliga figure of merit (Vbr2/Rspec,on) of 150 MW/cm2 found is the highest reported for an AlGaN PN diode and illustrates the potential of larger-bandgap AlGaN alloys for high-voltage devices.« less

  19. When will low-contrast features be visible in a STEM X-ray spectrum image?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parish, Chad M.

    2015-02-03

    When will a small or low-contrast feature, such as an embedded second-phase particle, be visible in a scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) X-ray map? This work illustrates a computationally inexpensive method to simulate X-ray maps and spectrum images (SIs), based upon the equations of X-ray generation and detection. To particularize the general procedure, an example of nanostructured ferritic alloy (NFA) containing nm-sized Y2Ti2O7 embedded precipitates in ferritic stainless steel matrix is chosen. The proposed model produces physically appearing simulated SI data sets, which can either be reduced to X-ray dot maps or analyzed via multivariate statistical analysis. Comparison to NFA X-ray maps acquired using three different STEM instruments match the generated simulations quite well, despite the large number of simplifying assumptions used. A figure of merit of electron dose multiplied by X-ray collection solid angle is proposed to compare feature detectability from one data set (simulated or experimental) to another. The proposed method can scope experiments that are feasible under specific analysis conditions on a given microscope. As a result, future applications, such as spallation proton–neutron irradiations, core-shell nanoparticles, or dopants in polycrystalline photovoltaic solar cells, are proposed.

  20. MESH2D GRID GENERATOR DESIGN AND USE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Flach, G.; Smith, F.

    2012-01-20

    Mesh2d is a Fortran90 program designed to generate two-dimensional structured grids of the form [x(i),y(i,j)] where [x,y] are grid coordinates identified by indices (i,j). The x(i) coordinates alone can be used to specify a one-dimensional grid. Because the x-coordinates vary only with the i index, a two-dimensional grid is composed in part of straight vertical lines. However, the nominally horizontal y(i,j{sub 0}) coordinates along index i are permitted to undulate or otherwise vary. Mesh2d also assigns an integer material type to each grid cell, mtyp(i,j), in a user-specified manner. The complete grid is specified through three separate input files defining the x(i), y(i,j), and mtyp(i,j) variations. The overall mesh is constructed from grid zones that are typically then subdivided into a collection of smaller grid cells. The grid zones usually correspond to distinct materials or larger-scale geometric shapes. The structured grid zones are identified through uppercase indices (I,J). Subdivision of zonal regions into grid cells can be done uniformly, or nonuniformly using either a polynomial or geometric skewing algorithm. Grid cells may be concentrated backward, forward, or toward both ends. Figure 1 illustrates the above concepts in the context of a simple four zone grid.

  1. A=5He (1979AJ01)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    9AJ01) (See Energy Level Diagrams for 5He) GENERAL: See also (1974AJ01) and Table 5.1 [Table of Energy Levels] (in PDF or PS) here. Model calculations: (1974JA30, 1974LE22, 1975DI04). Special states: (1974GO13, 1974IR04, 1974JA30, 1974LE22, 1975DI04, 1976IR1B). Special reactions: (1973FE1A, 1974FE1A, 1975FE1A, 1976VA29, 1978ME1C). Reactions involving pions: (1973BA30, 1978FI1E). Other topics: (1974GO13, 1974IR04, 1976BI1A, 1976IR1B, 1977SH1B, 1978GO1D). Ground state of 5He: (1975BE31, 1977HI09).

  2. The Greening of the Middle Kingdom: The Story of Energy Efficiency in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, Mark D.; Zhou, Nan; Price, Lynn

    2009-05-01

    The dominant image of China's energy system is of billowing smokestacks from the combustion of coal. More heavily dependent on coal than any other major country, China uses it for about 70 percent of its energy (NBS, 2008). Furthermore, until recently, China had very few environmental controls on emissions from coal combustion; recent efforts to control sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) emissions appear to be meeting with some success (Economy, 2007, 2009). Figure 1 shows the dominant use of coal in China's energy system from 1950 to 1980 (NBS, various years). However, this is just one side of China's energy story. Figure 2 illustrates the second part, and what may be the most important part of the story - China's energy system since 1980, shortly after Deng Xiaoping assumed full leadership. This figure compares the trends in energy consumption and gross domestic product (GDP) by indexing both values to 100 in 1980. The upper line shows what energy consumption in China would have been if it had grown at the same rate as GDP, since energy consumption usually increases in lockstep with GDP in an industrializing, developing country, at least until it reaches a high economic level. The lower line in Figure 2 shows China's actual energy consumption, also indexed to 1980. The striking difference between the lines shows that GDP in China grew much faster than energy demand from 1980 to 2002. As a result, by 2002 energy and energy-related carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions were more than 40% percent of what they would have been if energy and GDP had grown in tandem. In the next chapter of China's energy history, from 2002 to 2005, the increase in energy demand outstripped a very rapidly growing economy, and because of the large size of the Chinese economy, the increase had substantial impacts. The construction of power plants increased to 100 gigawatts per year; over the three-year period newly constructed plants had a capacity of more than 30 percent of total electricity

  3. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cloud Ensemble Simulation with the ARM IOP Data Submitter: Xu, K., NASA - Langley Research Center Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: N/A Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 The main objective of this study is to use ARM IOP data to refine a cloudiness parameterization, as proposed by Xu and Randall (1996a). The cloudiness parameterization uses the large-scale average condensate (cloud water

  4. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Modeling Cloud Forcing in the Tropical West Pacific Submitter: Kiehl, J., NCAR Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Petch, J.C., and J.T. Kiehl, 1997: "Investigating Cloud Radiative Forcing in the Tropical West Pacific Using a Single Column Model." In Proceedings from the Seventh ARM Science Team Meeting, U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, D.C. Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure

  5. Evaluation Framework and Tools for Distributed Energy Resources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gumerman, Etan Z.; Bharvirkar, Ranjit R.; LaCommare, Kristina Hamachi; Marnay , Chris

    2003-02-01

    The Energy Information Administration's (EIA) 2002 Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) forecast anticipates the need for 375 MW of new generating capacity (or about one new power plant) per week for the next 20 years, most of which is forecast to be fueled by natural gas. The Distributed Energy and Electric Reliability Program (DEER) of the Department of Energy (DOE), has set a national goal for DER to capture 20 percent of new electric generation capacity additions by 2020 (Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy 2000). Cumulatively, this amounts to about 40 GW of DER capacity additions from 2000-2020. Figure ES-1 below compares the EIA forecast and DEER's assumed goal for new DER by 2020 while applying the same definition of DER to both. This figure illustrates that the EIA forecast is consistent with the overall DEER DER goal. For the purposes of this study, Berkeley Lab needed a target level of small-scale DER penetration upon which to hinge consideration of benefits and costs. Because the AEO2002 forecasted only 3.1 GW of cumulative additions from small-scale DER in the residential and commercial sectors, another approach was needed to estimate the small-scale DER target. The focus here is on small-scale DER technologies under 500 kW. The technology size limit is somewhat arbitrary, but the key results of interest are marginal additional costs and benefits around an assumed level of penetration that existing programs might achieve. Berkeley Lab assumes that small-scale DER has the same growth potential as large scale DER in AEO2002, about 38 GW. This assumption makes the small-scale goal equivalent to 380,000 DER units of average size 100 kW. This report lays out a framework whereby the consequences of meeting this goal might be estimated and tallied up. The framework is built around a list of major benefits and a set of tools that might be applied to estimate them. This study lists some of the major effects of an emerging paradigm shift away from central

  6. Science and Technology of Future Light Sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dierker,S.; Bergmann, U.; Corlett, J.; Dierker, S.; Falcone, R.; Galayda, J.; Gibson, M.; Hastings, J.; Hettel, B.; Hill, J.; Hussain, Z.; Kao, C.-C.; Kirx, J.; Long, G.; McCurdy, B.; Raubenheimer, T.; Sannibale, F.; Seeman, J.; Shen, Z.-X.; Shenoy, g.; Schoenlein, B.; Shen, Q.; Stephenson, B.; Stohr, J.; Zholents, A.

    2008-12-01

    Many of the important challenges facing humanity, including developing alternative sources of energy and improving health, are being addressed by advances that demand the improved understanding and control of matter. While the visualization, exploration, and manipulation of macroscopic matter have long been technological goals, scientific developments in the twentieth century have focused attention on understanding matter on the atomic scale through the underlying framework of quantum mechanics. Of special interest is matter that consists of natural or artificial nanoscale building blocks defined either by atomic structural arrangements or by electron or spin formations created by collective correlation effects. The essence of the challenge to the scientific community has been expressed in five grand challenges for directing matter and energy recently formulated by the Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee [1]. These challenges focus on increasing our understanding of, and ultimately control of, matter at the level of atoms, electrons. and spins, as illustrated in Figure 1.1, and serve the entire range of science from advanced materials to life sciences. Meeting these challenges will require new tools that extend our reach into regions of higher spatial, temporal, and energy resolution. X-rays with energies above 10 keV offer capabilities extending beyond the nanoworld shown in Figure 1.1 due to their ability to penetrate into optically opaque or thick objects. This opens the door to combining atomic level information from scattering studies with 3D information on longer length scales from real space imaging with a resolution approaching 1 nm. The investigation of multiple length scales is important in hierarchical structures, providing knowledge about function of living organisms, the atomistic origin of materials failure, the optimization of industrial synthesis, or the working of devices. Since the fundamental interaction that holds matter together is of

  7. Science and Technology of Future Light Sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bergmann, Uwe; Corlett, John; Dierker, Steve; Falcone, Roger; Galayda, John; Gibson, Murray; Hastings, Jerry; Hettel, Bob; Hill, John; Hussain, Zahid; Kao, Chi-Chang; Kirz, Janos; Long, Danielle; McCurdy, Bill; Raubenheimer, Tor; Sannibale, Fernando; Seeman, John; Shen, Z. -X.; Schenoy, Gopal; Schoenlein, Bob; Shen, Qun; Stephenson, Brian; Sthr, Joachim; Zholents, Alexander

    2009-01-28

    Many of the important challenges facing humanity, including developing alternative sources of energy and improving health, are being addressed by advances that demand the improved understanding and control of matter. While the visualization, exploration, and manipulation of macroscopic matter have long been technological goals, scientific developments in the twentieth century have focused attention on understanding matter on the atomic scale through the underlying framework of quantum mechanics. Of special interest is matter that consists of natural or artificial nanoscale building blocks defined either by atomic structural arrangements or by electron or spin formations created by collective correlation effects The essence of the challenge to the scientific community has been expressed in five grand challenges for directing matter and energy recently formulated by the Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee [1]. These challenges focus on increasing our understanding of, and ultimately control of, matter at the level of atoms, electrons. and spins, as illustrated in Figure 1.1, and serve the entire range of science from advanced materials to life sciences. Meeting these challenges will require new tools that extend our reach into regions of higher spatial, temporal, and energy resolution. X-rays with energies above 10 keV offer capabilities extending beyond the nanoworld shown in Figure 1.1 due to their ability to penetrate into optically opaque or thick objects. This opens the door to combining atomic level information from scattering studies with 3D information on longer length scales from real space imaging with a resolution approaching 1 nm. The investigation of multiple length scales is important in hierarchical structures, providing knowledge about function of living organisms, the atomistic origin of materials failure, the optimization of industrial synthesis, or the working of devices. Since the fundamental interaction that holds matter together is of

  8. Criticality Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A. Alsaed

    2004-09-14

    computational method will be used for evaluating the criticality potential of configurations of fissionable materials (in-package and external to the waste package) within the repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada for all waste packages/waste forms. The criticality computational method is also applicable to preclosure configurations. The criticality computational method is a component of the methodology presented in ''Disposal Criticality Analysis Methodology Topical Report'' (YMP 2003). How the criticality computational method fits in the overall disposal criticality analysis methodology is illustrated in Figure 1 (YMP 2003, Figure 3). This calculation will not provide direct input to the total system performance assessment for license application. It is to be used as necessary to determine the criticality potential of configuration classes as determined by the configuration probability analysis of the configuration generator model (BSC 2003a).

  9. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Magnetotransport of proton-irradiated BaFe 2 As 2 and BaFe 1.985 Co 0.015 As 2 single crystals Moseley, D. A. ; Yates, K. A. ; Peng, N. ; Mandrus, D. ; Sefat, A. S. ; Branford, W. ...

  10. A=15C (1981AJ01)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    involing 15C:(1975FE1A, 1975KO1J, 1977AR06, 1978GE1C, 1978HE1C, 1978KO01, 1979AL22). Muon and neutrino capture and reactions:(1977BA1P). Pion capture and reactions:(1977BA24)....

  11. A=17O (1977AJ02)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1973KU04, 1973LA1D, 1973RE17, 1973SM1C, 1974LO04, 1974RI09, 1976PO01). Collective and cluster models: (1969FE1A, 1971AR1R, 1972LE1L, 1972NE1B). Special levels: (1968KA1C,...

  12. A=16O (1977AJ02)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for 16O) GENERAL: See also (1971AJ02) and Table 16.9 Table of Energy Levels (in PDF or PS). Shell model: (1969BO1B, 1969FE1A, 1969IK1A, 1969WI1C, 1970BO33, 1970BO1J,...

  13. WHO SAID IT: Tesla or Edison? | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    WHO SAID IT: Tesla or Edison? WHO SAID IT: Tesla or Edison? Addthis 1 of 8 Image: Photo illustration by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. 2 of 8 Image: Photo illustration by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. 3 of 8 Image: Photo illustration by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. 4 of 8 Image: Photo illustration by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. 5 of 8 Image: Photo illustration by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. 6 of 8 Image: Photo illustration by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. 7 of 8

  14. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Optical Properties of the 1997 TWP Smoke Event Submitter: Spinhirne, J., University of Arizona Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: N/A Figure 1. MPL image showing evolution of early September, 1997 smoke event at Manus, TWP. Figure 2. Selected aerosol extinction cross section profiles at the ARM TWP site during 1997 showing progression of aerosol loading. Figure 3. Cloud-cleared optical measurements at the TWP site from July 27 to

  15. EA Gallery 10 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Information EA Gallery 10 Pages_OpenAccess_lock Read more about Pages_OpenAccess_lock Fumaroles at brady hot springs Read more about Fumaroles at brady hot springs Old Faithful Read more about Old Faithful 2016-homepage-slideshow-osti-collections-geothermal energy Read more about 2016-homepage-slideshow-osti-collections-geothermal energy geothermal figure 3 osti collections Read more about geothermal figure 3 osti collections geothermal figure 2 osti collections Read more about geothermal

  16. Using biomarkers to identify traumatic brain injury for soldiers, sports

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    figures Using biomarkers to identify traumatic brain injury for soldiers, sports figures Using biomarkers to identify traumatic brain injury for soldiers, sports figures A new detection approach originally developed for tuberculosis diagnostics is being adapted as a tool for determining traumatic brain injury April 28, 2015 The LANL and SMT collaborators (left to right): Donald Shields, Aaron Anderson, Paul Smith, Nicholas Hengartner, Dr. Donald Becker, Harshini Mukundan (co-PI), Laurie

  17. CBERD: Building Energy Simulation and Modeling | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Simulation and Modeling CBERD: Building Energy Simulation and Modeling Figure 1: Screenshot of the alpha version of CBERD eDOT (early design optimization tool), an online tool that enables multi-parameter optimization. Source: LBNL. Figure 1: Screenshot of the alpha version of CBERD eDOT (early design optimization tool), an online tool that enables multi-parameter optimization. Source: LBNL. Figure 2: CBERD Model Predictive Control: Model identification and closed loop predictive control

  18. CBERD: Building Envelopes | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Envelopes CBERD: Building Envelopes Figure 1: Measurement of performance of ceiling tiles made of new phase change materials in test bed, in naturally ventilated and forced ventilation modes. Source: LBNL. Figure 1: Measurement of performance of ceiling tiles made of new phase change materials in test bed, in naturally ventilated and forced ventilation modes. Source: LBNL. Figure 2: Cool roofs weathering and aging experiments being conducted with industry partner St. Gobain in four different

  19. Plasma Sprayed Pour Tubes and Other Melt Handling Components for Use in Gas Atomization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Byrd, David; Rieken, Joel; Heidloff, Andy; Besser, Matthew; Anderson, Iver

    2011-04-01

    Ames Laboratory has successfully used plasma sprayed ceramic components made from yttria stabilized zirconia as melt pouring tubes for gas atomization for many years. These tubes have proven to be strong, thermal shock resistant and versatile. Various configurations are possible both internally and externally. Accurate dimensions are achieved internally with a machined fugitive graphite mandrel and externally by diamond grinding. The previous study of the effect of spray parameters on density was extended to determine the effect of the resulting density on the thermal shock characteristics on down-quenching and up-quenching. Encouraging results also prompted investigation of the use of plasma spraying as a method to construct a melt pour exit stopper that is mechanically robust, thermal shock resistant, and not susceptible to attack by reactive melt additions. The Ames Laboratory operates two close-coupled high pressure gas atomizers. These two atomizers are designed to produce fine and coarse spherical metal powders (5{mu} to 500{mu} diameter) of many different metals and alloys. The systems vary in size, but generally the smaller atomizer can produce up to 5 kg of powder whereas the larger can produce up to 25 kg depending on the charge form and density. In order to make powders of such varying compositions, it is necessary to have melt systems capable of heating and containing the liquid charge to the desired superheat temperature prior to pouring through the atomization nozzle. For some metals and alloys this is not a problem; however for some more reactive and/or high melting materials this can pose unique challenges. Figure 1 is a schematic that illustrates the atomization system and its components.

  20. Use of Conducting Polymers for Electronic Communication with Redox Active Nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bazito, Fernanda; O'Brien, Robert; Buttry, Daniel A.

    2004-08-08

    Nanoscale materials provide unique properties that will enable new technologies and enhance older ones. One area of intense activity in which nanoscale materials are being used is in the development of new functional materials for battery applications.1-4 This effort promises superior materials with properties that circumvent many of the problems associated with traditional battery materials. Previously we have worked on several approaches for using nanoscale materials for application as cathode materials in rechargeable Li batteries.5-11 Our recent work has focused on synthesizing MnO2 nanoparticles and using conducting polymers to electronically address these particles in nanoparticle assemblies. This presentation will focus on those efforts. MnO2 nanoparticles that are encapsulated with poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) are prepared using 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) as a chemical reductant for permanganate anion. This non-aqueous preparation is based on a recent report of a similar method for preparation of PEDOT-encapsulated Au nanoparticles.12 We also describe the synthesis of MnO2 colloidal nanoparticles prepared using an aqueous route involving reduction of permanganate anion with butanol using a previously described route.13 We report the synthesis and characterization of the PEDOT material, and the aqueous colloidal material. We show that the aqueous colloidal nanoparticles can be trapped in thin films using a layer-by-layer deposition approach, and that these films are both redox active and exhibit kinetically facile electrochemical responses. This is illustrated in Figure 1 below, which shows cyclic voltammetry of MnO2 colloidal nanoparticles entrapped in a thin film at an ITO electrode surface using poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride (PDDA). Finally, we report on the use of X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) to characterize the oxidation state and coordination environment

  1. Advanced progress concepts for direct coal liquefaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, R.; Derbyshire, F.; Givens, E.

    1995-09-01

    Given the low cost of petroleum crude, direct coal liquefaction is still not an economically viable process. The DOE objectives are to further reduce the cost of coal liquefaction to a more competitive level. In this project the primary focus is on the use of low-rank coal feedstocks. A particular strength is the use of process-derived liquids rather than model compound solvents. The original concepts are illustrated in Figure 1, where they are shown on a schematic of the Wilsonville pilot plant operation. Wilsonville operating data have been used to define a base case scenario using run {number_sign}263J, and Wilsonville process materials have been used in experimental work. The CAER has investigated: low severity CO pretreatment of coal for oxygen rejection, increasing coal reactivity and mg inhibiting the propensity for regressive reactions; the application of more active. Low-cost Fe and Mo dispersed catalysts; and the possible use of fluid coking for solids rejection and to generate an overhead product for recycle. CONSOL has investigated: oil agglomeration for coal ash rejection, for the possible rejection of ash in the recycled resid, and for catalyst addition and recovery; and distillate dewaxing to remove naphthenes and paraffins, and to generate an improved quality feed for recycle distillate hydrogenation. At Sandia, research has been concerned with the production of active hydrogen donor distillate solvent fractions produced by the hydrogenation of dewaxed distillates and by fluid coking via low severity reaction with H{sub 2}/CO/H{sub 2}O mixtures using hydrous metal oxide and other catalysts.

  2. Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report, Reference Volume 3 -- Residential and commercial sector DSM analyses: Detailed results from the DBEDT DSM assessment model; Part 1, Technical potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-04-01

    The Hawaii Demand-Side Management Resource Assessment was the fourth of seven projects in the Hawaii Energy Strategy (HES) program. HES was designed by the Department of Business, Economic Development, and Tourism (DBEDT) to produce an integrated energy strategy for the State of Hawaii. The purpose of Project 4 was to develop a comprehensive assessment of Hawaii`s demand-side management (DSM) resources. To meet this objective, the project was divided into two phases. The first phase included development of a DSM technology database and the identification of Hawaii commercial building characteristics through on-site audits. These Phase 1 products were then used in Phase 2 to identify expected energy impacts from DSM measures in typical residential and commercial buildings in Hawaii. The building energy simulation model DOE-2.1E was utilized to identify the DSM energy impacts. More detailed information on the typical buildings and the DOE-2.1E modeling effort is available in Reference Volume 1, ``Building Prototype Analysis``. In addition to the DOE-2.1E analysis, estimates of residential and commercial sector gas and electric DSM potential for the four counties of Honolulu, Hawaii, Maui, and Kauai through 2014 were forecasted by the new DBEDT DSM Assessment Model. Results from DBEDTs energy forecasting model, ENERGY 2020, were linked with results from DOE-2.1E building energy simulation runs and estimates of DSM measure impacts, costs, lifetime, and anticipated market penetration rates in the DBEDT DSM Model. Through its algorithms, estimates of DSM potential for each forecast year were developed. Using the load shape information from the DOE-2.1E simulation runs, estimates of electric peak demand impacts were developed. Numerous tables and figures illustrating the technical potential for demand-side management are included.

  3. HANFORD SITE SUSTAINABILITY PROGRAM RICHLAND WASHINGTON - 12464

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    FRITZ LL

    2012-01-12

    In support of implementation of Executive Order (EO) 13514, Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy and Economic Performance, the Hanford Site Sustainability Plan was developed to implement strategies and activities required to achieve the prescribed goals in the EO as well as demonstrate measurable progress in environmental stewardship at the Hanford Site. The Hanford Site Sustainability Program was developed to demonstrate progress towards sustainability goals as defined and established in Executive Order (EO) 13514, Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy and Economic Performance; EO 13423, Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy and Transportation Management, and several applicable Energy Acts. Multiple initiatives were undertaken in Fiscal Year (FY) 2011 to implement the Program and poise the Hanford Site as a leader in environmental stewardship. In order to implement the Hanford Site Sustainability Program, a Sustainability Plan was developed in conjunction with prime contractors, two U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Offices, and key stakeholders to serve as the framework for measuring progress towards sustainability goals. Based on the review of these metrics and future plans, several activities were initiated to proactively improve performance or provide alternatives for future consideration contingent on available funding. A review of the key metric associated with energy consumption for the Hanford Site in FY 2010 and 2011 indicated an increase over the target reduction of 3 percent annually from a baseline established in FY 2003 as illustrated in Figure 1. This slight increase was attributed primarily from the increased energy demand from the cleanup projects funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) in FY 2010 and 2011. Although it is forecasted that the energy demand will decrease commensurate with the completion of ARRA projects, several major initiatives were launched to improve energy efficiency.

  4. Thermal and Electrical Analysis of MARS Rover RTG, and Performance Comparison of Alternative Design Options.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schock, Alfred; Or, Chuen T; Skrabek, Emanuel A

    1989-09-29

    The paper describes the thermal, thermoelectric and electrical analysis of Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTGs) for powering the MARS Rover vehicle, which is a critical element of the unmanned Mars Rover and Sample Return mission (MRSR). The work described was part of an RTG design study conducted by Fairchild Space Company for the U.S. Department of Energy, in support of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory's MRSR Project.; A companion paper presented at this conference described a reference mission scenario, al illustrative Rover design and activity pattern on Mars, its power system requirements and environmental constraints, a design approach enabling RTG operation in the Martian atmosphere, and the design and the structural and mass analysis of a conservative baseline RTG employing safety-qualified heat source modules and reliability-proven thermoelectric converter elements.; The present paper presents a detailed description of the baseline RTG's thermal, thermoelectric, and electrical analysis. It examines the effect of different operating conditions (beginning versus end of mission, water-cooled versus radiation-cooled, summer day versus winter night) on the RTG's performance. Finally, the paper describes and analyzes a number of alternative RTG designs, to determine the effect of different power levels (250W versus 125W), different thermoelectric element designs (standard versus short unicouples versus multicouples) and different thermoelectric figures of merit (0.00058K(superscript -1) to 0.000140K (superscript -1) on the RTG's specific power.; The results presented show the RTG performance achievable with current technology, and the performance improvements that would be achievable with various technology developments. It provides a basis for selecting the optimum strategy for meeting the Mars Rover design goals with minimal programmatic risk and cost.; There is a duplicate copy and also a duplicate copy in the ESD files.

  5. Performance Study of Swimming Pool Heaters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McDonald, R.J.

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this report is to perform a controlled laboratory study on the efficiency and emissions of swimming pool heaters based on a limited field investigation into the range of expected variations in operational parameters. Swimming pool heater sales trends have indicated a significant decline in the number of conventional natural gas-fired swimming pool heaters (NGPH). On Long Island the decline has been quite sharp, on the order of 50%, in new installations since 2001. The major portion of the decline has been offset by a significant increase in the sales of electric powered heat pump pool heaters (HPPH) that have been gaining market favor. National Grid contracted with Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) to measure performance factors in order to compare the relative energy, environmental and economic consequences of using one technology versus the other. A field study was deemed inappropriate because of the wide range of differences in actual load variations (pool size), geographic orientations, ground plantings and shading variations, number of hours of use, seasonal use variations, occupancy patterns, hour of the day use patterns, temperature selection, etc. A decision was made to perform a controlled laboratory study based on a limited field investigation into the range of expected operational variations in parameters. Critical to this are the frequency of use, temperature selection, and sizing of the heater to the associated pool heating loads. This would be accomplished by installing a limited amount of relatively simple compact field data acquisition units on selected pool installations. This data included gas usage when available and alternately heater power or gas consumption rates were inferred from the manufacturer's specifications when direct metering was not available in the field. Figure 1 illustrates a typical pool heater installation layout.

  6. Chlorine hazard evaluation for the zinc-chlorine electric vehicle battery. Final technical report. [50 kWh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zalosh, R. G.; Bajpai, S. N.; Short, T. P.; Tsui, R. K.

    1980-04-01

    Hazards associated with conceivable accidental chlorine releases from zinc-chlorine electric vehicle batteries are evaluated. Since commercial batteries are not yet available, this hazard assessment is based on both theoretical chlorine dispersion models and small-scale and large-scale spill tests with chlorine hydrate (which is the form of chlorine storage in the charged battery). Six spill tests involving the chlorine hydrate equivalent of a 50-kWh battery indicate that the danger zone in which chlorine vapor concentrations intermittently exceed 100 ppM extends at least 23 m directly downwind of a spill onto a warm (30 to 38/sup 0/C) road surface. Other accidental chlorine release scenarios may also cause some distress, but are not expected to produce the type of life-threatening chlorine exposures that can result from large hydrate spills. Chlorine concentration data from the hydrate spill tests compare favorably with calculations based on a quasi-steady area source dispersion model and empirical estimates of the hydrate decomposition rate. The theoretical dispersion model was combined with assumed hydrate spill probabilities and current motor vehicle accident statistics in order to project expected chlorine-induced fatality rates. These calculations indicate that expected chlorine fataility rates are several times higher in a city such as Los Angeles with a warm and calm climate than in a colder and windier city such as Boston. Calculated chlorine-induced fatality rate projections for various climates are presented as a function of hydrate spill probability in order to illustrate the degree of vehicle/battery crashworthiness required to maintain chlorine-induced fatality rates below current vehicle fatality rates due to fires and asphyxiations. 37 figures, 19 tables.

  7. Baseline Assessment of TREAT for Modeling and Analysis Needs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bess, John Darrell; DeHart, Mark David

    2015-10-01

    TREAT is an air-cooled, graphite moderated, thermal, heterogeneous test facility designed to evaluate reactor fuels and structural materials under conditions simulating various types of nuclear excursions and transient undercooling situations that could occur in a nuclear reactor. After 21 years in a standby mode, TREAT is being re-activated to revive transient testing capabilities. Given the time elapsed and the concurrent loss of operating experience, current generation and advanced computational methods are being applied to begin TREAT modeling and simulation prior to renewed at-power operations. Such methods have limited value in predicting the behavior of TREAT without proper validation. Hence, the U.S. DOE has developed a number of programs to support development of benchmarks for both critical and transient operations. Extensive effort has been expended at INL to collect detailed descriptions, drawings and specifications for all aspects of TREAT, and to resolve conflicting data found through this process. This report provides a collection of these data, with updated figures that are significantly more readable than historic drawings and illustrations, compositions, and dimensions based on the best available sources. This document is not nor should it be considered to be a benchmark report. Rather, it is intended to provide one-stop shopping, to the extent possible, for other work that seeks to prepare detailed, accurate models of the core and its components. Given the nature of the variety of historic documents available and the loss of institutional memory, the only completely accurate database of TREAT data is TREAT itself. Unfortunately, disassembly of TREAT for inspection, assay, and measurement is highly unlikely. Hence the data provided herein is intended serve as a best-estimate substitute.

  8. Benefits analysis for the production of fuels and chemicals using solar thermal energy. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1982-05-01

    Numerous possibilities exist for using high temperature solar thermal energy in the production of various chemicals and fuels (Sun Fuels). Research and development activities have focused on the use of feedstocks such as coal and biomass to provide synthesis gas, hydrogen, and a variety of other end-products. A Decision Analysis technique geared to the analysis of Sun Fuels options was developed. Conventional scoring methods were combined with multi-attribute utility analysis in a new approach called the Multi-Attribute Preference Scoring (MAPS) system. MAPS calls for the designation of major categories of attributes which describe critical elements of concern for the processes being examined. The six major categories include: Process Demonstration; Full-Scale Process, Feedstock; End-Product Market; National/Social Considerations; and Economics. MAPS calls for each attribute to be weighted on a simple scale for all of the candidate processes. Next, a weight is assigned to each attribute, thus creating a multiplier to be used with each individual value to derive a comparative weighting. Last, each of the categories of attributes themselves are weighted, thus creating another multiplier, for use in developing an overall score. With sufficient information and industry input, each process can be ultimately compared using a single figure of merit. After careful examination of available information, it was decided that only six of the 20 candidate processes were adequately described to allow a complete MAPS analysis which would allow direct comparisons for illustrative purposes. These six processes include three synthesis gas processes, two hydrogen and one ammonia. The remaining fourteen processes were subjected to only a partial MAPS assessment.

  9. Reversible Acid Gas Capture Using CO2-Binding Organic Liquids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heldebrant, David J.; Koech, Phillip K.; Yonker, Clement R.; Rainbolt, James E.; Zheng, Feng

    2010-08-31

    Acid gas scrubbing technology is predominantly aqueous alkanolamine based. Of the acid gases, CO2, H2S and SO2 have been shown to be reversible, however there are serious disadvantages with corrosion and high regeneration costs. The primary scrubbing system composed of monoethanolamine is limited to 30% by weight because of the highly corrosive solution. This gravimetric limitation limits the CO2 volumetric (?108 g/L) and gravimetric capacity (?7 wt%) of the system. Furthermore the scrubbing system has a large energy penalty from pumping and heating the excess water required to dissolve the MEA bicarbonate salt. Considering the high specific heat of water (4 j/g-1K-1), low capacities and the high corrosion we set out to design a fully organic solvent that can chemically bind all acid gases i.e. CO2 as reversible alkylcarbonate ionic liquids or analogues thereof. Having a liquid acid gas carrier improves process economics because there is no need for excess solvent to pump and to heat. We have demonstrated illustrated in Figure 1, that CO2-binding organic liquids (CO2BOLs) have a high CO2 solubility paired with a much lower specific heat (<1.5 J/g-1K-1) than aqueous systems. CO2BOLs are a subsection of a larger class of materials known as Binding Organic Liquids (BOLs). Our BOLs have been shown to reversibly bind and release COS, CS2, and SO2, which we denote COSBOLS, CS2BOLs and SO2BOLs. Our BOLs are highly tunable and can be designed for post or pre-combustion gas capture. The design and testing of the next generation zwitterionic CO2BOLs and SO2BOLs are presented.

  10. National Ignition Facility Configuration Management Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cabral, S G; Moore, T L

    2002-10-01

    This Configuration Management Plan (CMP) describes the technical and administrative management process for controlling the National Ignition Facility (NIF) Project configuration. The complexity of the NIF Project (i.e., participation by multiple national laboratories and subcontractors involved in the development, fabrication, installation, and testing of NIF hardware and software, as well as construction and testing of Project facilities) requires implementation of the comprehensive configuration management program defined in this plan. A logical schematic illustrating how the plan functions is provided in Figure 1. A summary of the process is provided in Section 4.0, Configuration Change Control. Detailed procedures that make up the overall process are referenced. This CMP is consistent with guidance for managing a project's configuration provided in Department of Energy (DOE) Order 430.1, Guide PMG 10, ''Project Execution and Engineering Management Planning''. Configuration management is a formal discipline comprised of the following four elements: (1) Identification--defines the functional and physical characteristics of a Project and uniquely identifies the defining requirements. This includes selection of components of the end product(s) subject to control and selection of the documents that define the project and components. (2) Change management--provides a systematic method for managing changes to the project and its physical and functional configuration to ensure that all changes are properly identified, assessed, reviewed, approved, implemented, tested, and documented. (3) Data management--ensures that necessary information on the project and its end product(s) is systematically recorded and disseminated for decision-making and other uses. Identifies, stores and controls, tracks status, retrieves, and distributes documents. (4) Assessments and validation--ensures that the planned configuration requirements match actual physical configurations and

  11. Observed Minimum Illuminance Threshold for Night Market Vendors in Kenya who use LED Lamps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnstone, Peter; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan; Radecsky, Kristen

    2009-03-21

    Creation of light for work, socializing, and general illumination is a fundamental application of technology around the world. For those who lack access to electricity, an emerging and diverse range of LED based lighting products hold promise for replacing and/or augmenting their current fuel-based lighting sources that are costly and dirty. Along with analysis of environmental factors, economic models for total cost-ofownership of LED lighting products are an important tool for studying the impacts of these products as they emerge in markets of developing countries. One important metric in those models is the minimum illuminance demanded by end-users for a given task before recharging the lamp or replacing batteries. It impacts the lighting service cost per unit time if charging is done with purchased electricity, batteries, or charging services. The concept is illustrated in figure 1: LED lighting products are generally brightest immediately after the battery is charged or replaced and the illuminance degrades as the battery is discharged. When a minimum threshold level of illuminance is reached, the operational time for the battery charge cycle is over. The cost to recharge depends on the method utilized; these include charging at a shop at a fixed price per charge, charging on personal grid connections, using solar chargers, and purchasing dry cell batteries. This Research Note reports on the observed"charge-triggering" illuminance level threshold for night market vendors who use LED lighting products to provide general and task oriented illumination. All the study participants charged with AC power, either at a fixed-price charge shop or with electricity at their home.

  12. Y-12 Groundwater Protection Program Calendar Year 2000 Groundwater Monitoring Data Evaluation Report for the Bear Creek Hydrogeologic Regime at the U.S. Department of Energy Y-12 National Security Complex, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2001-09-01

    This report presents an evaluation of the groundwater and surface water monitoring data obtained during calendar year (CY) 2000 in the Bear Creek Hydrogeologic Regime (Bear Creek Regime). The Bear Creek Regime encompasses many confirmed and potential sources of groundwater and surface water contamination associated with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Y-12 National Security Complex (hereafter referenced as Y-12) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee (Figure A.1). Prepared by the Y-12 Groundwater Protection Program (GWPP), this report addresses applicable provisions of DOE Order 5400.1 (General Environmental Protection Program) that require: (1) an evaluation of the quantity and quality of groundwater and surface water in areas that are, or could be, affected by Y-12 operations, (2) an evaluation of groundwater and surface water quality in areas where contaminants from Y-12 operations are most likely to migrate beyond the DOE Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) property line, and (3) an evaluation of long-term trends in groundwater quality at Y-12. The following sections of this report contain relevant background information (Section 2.0); describe the results of the respective data evaluations required under DOE Order 5400.1 (Section 3.0); summarize significant findings of each evaluation (Section 4.0); and list the technical reports and regulatory documents cited for more detailed information (Section 5.0). Illustrations (maps and trend graphs) are presented in Appendix A. Brief data summary tables referenced in each section are contained within the sections. Supplemental information and extensive data tables are provided in Appendix B.

  13. Electrolysis: Information and Opportunities for Electric Power...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 4 III. Hydrogen Production 5 IV. Potential from Renewable Energy Sources-Wind and Solar 9 V. Economics of ... Figure 13 Current (2005) wind hydrogen production system: ...

  14. Electrolytes for power sources

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Doddapaneni, N.; Ingersoll, D.

    1995-01-03

    Electrolytes are disclosed for power sources, particularly alkaline and acidic power sources, comprising benzene polysulfonic acids and benzene polyphosphonic acids or salts of such acids. 7 figures.

  15. Microsoft Word - S07757_2011 Mound IC Report

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ......... 14 Figure 8. Solar array west of COS Building ... the Effectiveness of Site-Wide Institutional Controls U.S. Department of Energy Doc. No. ...

  16. Window Daylighting Demo | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications Advanced Facades, Daylighting, and Complex Fenestration Systems High Performance Window Attachments Figure 1: Measurement of performance of ceiling ...

  17. Search for: All records | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Robert Bullard" Name Name ORCID Search Authors Type: Select Type AnimationsSimulations FiguresPlots GenomeGenetics Data Interactive Data Map(s) Multimedia Numeric Data ...

  18. Search for: All records | DOE PAGES

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    ... Hence, to achieve their full potential, imaging-based experiments will require large ... greatly (increasing the Dark Energy Task Force figure of merit by up to 50%); ...

  19. Microsoft Word - Envera Final Report - 121010 VCR Revised 031511...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Figure 2 includes brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) curves for a gasoline direct ... is not fully understood, and will be examined in more detail during future engine testing. ...

  20. New Study Reveals the Power of Solar Schools | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    enough solar electricity to power over 3.2 million average U.S. households. By the end of 2014, this figure is ... Offsetting energy consumption with increasingly ...

  1. Trends in Commercial Buildings--Buildings Trend Detail

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Center at (202) 586-8800. Energy Information Administration Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey Figure 2. 1989 to 1999 building trend with 95% confidence ranges...

  2. Around a Simulated Waste Package UCRi-101693

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    ... Steam will condense where the temperatures are sufficiently cool. Part of this water might ... Water flow h&&| Rock at ambient conditions Figure. Schematic vertical cross- section of ...

  3. Slide 1

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    CLOWD BBHRP Retrieval Algorithm Intercomparison Jennifer Comstock David Turner Andy ... cloud layers Figure courtesy David Turner All methods might not have been tested on ...

  4. Microsoft Word - ToyliTextFigs.doc

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    ... development, as measured with a scanning electron microscope (SEM), was 30 nm (Figure 1a). ... determined by confocal microscopy measurements performed prior to SiO 2 deposition. ...

  5. Closing Plenary

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1, Track B: Data insights for workplace charging planning * Important to track evolution in workplace charging behavior * Need solid figures on charging station hardware and...

  6. SCIDAC-PSI.WIRTH.130319.ppt

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    under combined thermalparticle fluxes * Wirth, Nordlund, Whyte, and Xu, Materials Research Society Bulletin 36 (2011) 216-222 Complex, interlinked PSI phenomena* Figure of...

  7. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Modeled Vs. Measured Direct-Normal Solar Irradiance Submitter: Schwartz, S. E., Brookhaven National Laboratory Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Halthore R. N., Schwartz, S. E., Michalsky, J. J., Anderson, G. P., Ferrare R. A., Holben B. N., and ten Brink H. M. 1997. "Comparison of Model Estimated and Measured Direct-Normal Solar Irradiance," J. Geophys. Res. 102(D25): 29991-30002 Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4

  8. FIGS-1&2.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Jet Fuel Source: Energy Information Administration, Petroleum Supply Monthly, Table S1. See Summary Statistics Table and Figure Sources. Source: Energy Information...

  9. EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Expansion Process Flow Diagram

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Development & Expansion > Development and Expansion Process Figure About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 20072008 with selected updates ...

  10. Geographic Information System At Cove Fort Area - Vapor (Nash...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Unknown Notes An example, shown in Figure 1, shows results from the classification of big sagebrush (Artimesia tridentata) spectra, acquired over the Cove Fort-Sulphurdale,...

  11. Suibel Schuppner U.S. Department of Energy W

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the following four elements, as shown in Figure 1: * Damage modeling * Monitoring * Big data analytics * Uncertainty quantification. The goal of this framework is to enable...

  12. Geographic Information System At Cove Fort Area (Nash, Et Al...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Unknown Notes An example, shown in Figure 1, shows results from the classification of big sagebrush (Artimesia tridentata) spectra, acquired over the Cove Fort-Sulphurdale,...

  13. Bruce Hallbert Idaho National Laboratory T he Nuclear Energy...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ... Figure 2 shows the receiving ultrasonic radio frequency signals received from a smooth ... Instrumentation, Control, and Human-Machine Interface Technologies (NPIC&HMIT), pp. ...

  14. Chapter 6: Innovating Clean Energy Technologies in Advanced Manufactur...

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    ... control implemented at refineries resulted in at least ... sectors in the United States are shown in Figure ... Petroleum Refining Impractical (154) R&D Opportunity ...

  15. ATI Allegheny Ludlum's response to DOE...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    point for competition between multiple core materials (see Figures 3, 4, 9 and 10).* ... the availability of multiple options for core material choices for MVLT. Proposed TSL An ...

  16. NEET WORKSHOP REPORT

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Figure 5: Performance of resilient communications less cogeneration capabilities and with command and control validation. Improved monitoring will allow for optimized operations,...

  17. Energy Conversion, an Energy Frontier Research

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    ... They have developed a novel form of two- dimensional electronic spectroscopy that employs a femtosecond stimulated Raman scattering (FSRS) probe. Figure 1 shows the concept behind ...

  18. DockingShop: A Tool for Interactive Molecular Docking Ting-Cheng...

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    ... Covalent bond Cova lent bond Hydrogen bond Hydro gen bond monitors the position and ... Figure 3. Small blue spheres represent water. Dashed-blue lines represent hydrogen bonds ...

  19. DOE/EIA-0358

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    of nonpurchased byproduct or waste stream fuels and a negligible amount of nontraditional energy sources such as solar, hydropower, etc. When this figure is adjusted to account for...

  20. Evapotranspiration Dynamics and Effects on Groundwater Recharge...

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    Prepared for U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Legacy Management This page intentionally ... Tuba City UMTRCA site..... 11 Figure 3. Green LAI within the Tuba City groundwater model ...

  1. igpps-proposal-formatting-guidance

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    (for Sections I through VIII), plus figures and a budget page: Approach I. Theoretical, numerical, or experimental activity II. Methods used (describe comprehensively) History of...

  2. Energy Intensity Indicators: Electricity Generation Energy Intensity...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    As shown in the figure, in 1950, central power plants producing only electricity required ... decade the overall performance of the plants in this sector has steadily improved and ...

  3. AVIATION MANAGER QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Manager Qualification Standard Reference Guide MARCH 2010 i This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents ii LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iii LIST OF TABLES ....................................................................................................................... iii ACRONYMS

  4. AVIATION SAFETY OFFICER QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Safety Officer Qualification Standard Reference Guide MARCH 2010 i This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents ii LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iii LIST OF TABLES ....................................................................................................................... iii ACRONYMS

  5. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    California's ongoing supply disruption (Figure 3). Lower gasoline prices this year are linked to lower crude oil prices. As global petroleum and other liquids production continued...

  6. EERE PowerPoint 97-2004 Template: Green Version

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Figure 2. Finite element model 13 | US DOE ... resulting from introduction of cool water to a hot ... effort has developed a method to model, observe and ...

  7. Draft Environmental Assessment: Sand Point Wind Installation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    1 1.1 NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT ... 1 and 2. Figure 2-4. TDX electrical integration schematic ... Environmental Quality CFR Code of Federal Regulations CO 2 ...

  8. Geothermal Technologies Program Multi-Year Research, Development...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Creation of significant, accessible, and sustainable surface areasvolumes for mining the ... of Figure 1.3. Although the technical evolution to EGS from hydrothermal geothermal ...

  9. Animations/simulations

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    Numeric data Data plots and figures Genomegenetics data Interactive data maps Animationssimulations Still images and photos Find scientific research data resulting from...

  10. Title Goes Here

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    binary dissipative reactions by using -ray-particle coincidence method. ... FIGURE 1. Left panels: experimental -ray spectra compared with CASCADE calculations 20. Right panel: ...

  11. TWP93.0100104 DOC#: TWP-DOC-1.4 SCIENCE AND SITING STRATEGY FOR...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Experiment (PROBE), which was carried out in Kavieng, New Ireland, Papua New Guinea, in conjunction with the TOGA Coupled Ocean Atmosphere Response Experiment (Figure 3). ...

  12. Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003 - Major Characteristics

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    commercial floorspace. Figure 7. Floorspace in office, mercantile, warehousestorage, and education buildings accounts for 60 percent of total commercial floorspace. Source: Energy...

  13. Mineral Deformation at Earth's Core-Mantle Boundary

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diffraction images were collected to document the evolution of pressure, differential stress, and texture. Inverse pole figures (IPFs) show the probability of finding the pole...

  14. Zero Emission Bay Area (ZEBA) Fuel Cell Bus Demonstration Results...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Figure 9 shows the station equipment installed at the Oakland Division as of April 2016. 8 Directed biogas implies a process of injecting purified biomethane (methanenatural gas ...

  15. Securing Control Systems Modems

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ......... 17 Figure 5. Man-In-The-Middle attack on modem ... System LAN Local Area Network MITM Man-In-The-Middle OS Operating System PBX ...

  16. Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Principal Building...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    of their floorspace lit by HID lamps. Public assembly buildings, which include sports arenas and theaters, have 14 percent of their floorspace illuminated by HID lamps. Figure 10....

  17. Paducah Public Documents | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Kentucky, and the public); and, using maps and figures, summarize the potential PGDP ... vision so that variances between it and the current cleanup strategy can be identified. ...

  18. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    toward molecular oxygen (attached Figure and Park et al. Phys. Rev. B, 2007). Ab initio molecular dynamics calculations show that the row of Ti interstitials, as a highly...

  19. Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources:

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    ... basalts, partly obscuring the underlying geology from seismic and increasing the cost of ... May 17, 2013 VII-11 Figure VII-6: Regional Seismic Time Section Across the Chaco ...

  20. SSMP Annex A

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... 16 Figure A-1-11. Joint NNSADoD Minuteman-III missile flight test with denuclearized Mk21W87 test warhead ......