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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Save Money in Indy  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Alternative Fuels Save Alternative Fuels Save Money in Indy to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Save Money in Indy on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Save Money in Indy on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Save Money in Indy on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Save Money in Indy on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Save Money in Indy on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Save Money in Indy on AddThis.com... April 1, 2012 Alternative Fuels Save Money in Indy " The improvements we are making to the city's fleet and the savings involved illustrate our commitment to creating a more sustainable, livable

2

Road to Fuel Savings: GM Technology Ramps Up Engine Efficiency...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Road to Fuel Savings: GM Technology Ramps Up Engine Efficiency Road to Fuel Savings: GM Technology Ramps Up Engine Efficiency August 14, 2014 - 11:25am Addthis Pictured here is an...

3

Analyzing Fuel Saving Opportunities through Driver Feedback Mechanisms  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

* Total (all DOE): 400k Barriers Addressed * Portfolio approach necessary to achieve GHG reduction goals - Long turnover time for legacy fleet - Assessing fuel savings...

4

Analyzing Fuel Saving Opportunities through Driver Feedback Mechanisms...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Fuel Saving Opportunities through Driver Feedback Mechanisms 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

5

Fuel Saving Ideas for Metal and Ceramic Processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An easy method is presented for analyzing sources of heat loss from industrial processing furnaces, kilns, and ovens; and thus for recognizing opportunities for fuel saving. This will relate to melting, heat treating and hot forming of metals...

Reed, R. J.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Gobble Up Fuel Savings on Your Next Road Trip with My Trip Calculator...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Gobble Up Fuel Savings on Your Next Road Trip with My Trip Calculator Gobble Up Fuel Savings on Your Next Road Trip with My Trip Calculator November 19, 2012 - 9:51am Addthis Save...

7

Analyzing Vehicle Fuel Saving Opportunities through Intelligent Driver Feedback  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Driving style changes, e.g., improving driver efficiency and motivating driver behavior changes, could deliver significant petroleum savings. This project examines eliminating stop-and-go driving and unnecessary idling, and also adjusting acceleration rates and cruising speeds to ideal levels to quantify fuel savings. Such extreme adjustments can result in dramatic fuel savings of over 30%, but would in reality only be achievable through automated control of vehicles and traffic flow. In real-world driving, efficient driving behaviors could reduce fuel use by 20% on aggressively driven cycles and by 5-10% on more moderately driven trips. A literature survey was conducted of driver behavior influences, and pertinent factors from on-road experiments with different driving styles were observed. This effort highlighted important driver influences such as surrounding vehicle behavior, anxiety over trying to get somewhere quickly, and the power/torque available from the vehicle. Existing feedback approaches often deliver efficiency information and instruction. Three recommendations for maximizing fuel savings from potential drive cycle improvement are: (1) leveraging applications with enhanced incentives, (2) using an approach that is easy and widely deployable to motivate drivers, and (3) utilizing connected vehicle and automation technologies to achieve large and widespread efficiency improvements.

Gonder, J.; Earleywine, M.; Sparks, W.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Analyzing Vehicle Fuel Saving Opportunities through Intelligent Driver Feedback  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

NREL/CP-5400-53864.Posted with permission. NREL/CP-5400-53864.Posted with permission. Presented at the 2012 SAE World Congress, 24-26 April 2012, Detroit, Michigan 2012-01-0494 Analyzing Vehicle Fuel Saving Opportunities Published through Intelligent Driver Feedback 04/16/2012 Jeffrey Gonder, Matthew Earleywine and Witt Sparks National Renewable Energy Laboratory doi:10.4271/2012-01-0494 ABSTRACT While it is well known that "MPG will vary" based on how one drives, little independent research exists on the aggregate

9

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #330: July 26, 2004 Fuel Savings Required  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

30: July 26, 2004 30: July 26, 2004 Fuel Savings Required to Purchase Fuel Efficient Vehicle to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #330: July 26, 2004 Fuel Savings Required to Purchase Fuel Efficient Vehicle on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #330: July 26, 2004 Fuel Savings Required to Purchase Fuel Efficient Vehicle on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #330: July 26, 2004 Fuel Savings Required to Purchase Fuel Efficient Vehicle on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #330: July 26, 2004 Fuel Savings Required to Purchase Fuel Efficient Vehicle on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #330: July 26, 2004 Fuel Savings Required to Purchase Fuel Efficient Vehicle on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #330:

10

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #776: April 22, 2013 Fuel Savings from  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6: April 22, 6: April 22, 2013 Fuel Savings from Attempts to Alleviate Traffic Congestion to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #776: April 22, 2013 Fuel Savings from Attempts to Alleviate Traffic Congestion on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #776: April 22, 2013 Fuel Savings from Attempts to Alleviate Traffic Congestion on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #776: April 22, 2013 Fuel Savings from Attempts to Alleviate Traffic Congestion on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #776: April 22, 2013 Fuel Savings from Attempts to Alleviate Traffic Congestion on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #776: April 22, 2013 Fuel Savings from Attempts to Alleviate Traffic Congestion on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #776:

11

Fact #776: April 22, 2013 Fuel Savings from Attempts to Alleviate Traffic Congestion  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Despite the news that traffic congestion wasted nearly 2.9 billion gallons of fuel in 2011, fuel savings were achieved due to efforts to combat congestion. According to the Texas Transportation...

12

Understanding fuel savings mechanisms from hybrid vehicles to guide optimal battery sizing for India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Global transportation-related CO2 emissions are expected to substantially increase by 2050, with a majority of growth coming from rapidly developing countries like India. To understand the potential for using hybrid vehicles to limit the CO2 emissions growth, this paper compares driving conditions and the fuel savings potential of hybrids in the USA and India. It is shown that hybrids offer more fuel savings potential in India than in the USA, largely because of the limited highway driving in India. In order of relative importance, the analysis shows that fuel savings from power-split hybrids come from: 1) enabling higher efficiency engine operation; 2) energy recovered from regenerative braking; 3) engine shutdown. This understanding of the fuel savings mechanisms of hybrids and their relative importance is used in assessing how smaller battery capacities for hybrids in India can be used to reduce costs for this highly cost-sensitive market while preserving fuel savings. A parametric analysis of battery size on fuel savings mechanisms is carried out, and it is shown that hybrid vehicles for Indian driving conditions should ideally have a power capacity between 15 and 20 kW, with 10 kW as a lower limit.

Samveg Saxena; Amol Phadke; Anand Gopal; Venkat Srinivasan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

54.5 MPG and Beyond: New Tire Technology Pumps Up Fuel Savings | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

54.5 MPG and Beyond: New Tire Technology Pumps Up Fuel Savings 54.5 MPG and Beyond: New Tire Technology Pumps Up Fuel Savings 54.5 MPG and Beyond: New Tire Technology Pumps Up Fuel Savings December 12, 2012 - 10:30am Addthis This graphic shows how Goodyear's new Air Maintenance Technology -- also called the self-regulating tire -- works. | Graphic courtesy of Goodyear. This graphic shows how Goodyear's new Air Maintenance Technology -- also called the self-regulating tire -- works. | Graphic courtesy of Goodyear. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? Keeping tires inflated to the recommended pressure can improve gas mileage by 3 percent or the equivalent of saving up to $0.10 per gallon of gasoline. Goodyear has invented a self-regulating tire, which automatically

14

54.5 MPG and Beyond: New Tire Technology Pumps Up Fuel Savings | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

New Tire Technology Pumps Up Fuel Savings New Tire Technology Pumps Up Fuel Savings 54.5 MPG and Beyond: New Tire Technology Pumps Up Fuel Savings December 12, 2012 - 10:30am Addthis This graphic shows how Goodyear's new Air Maintenance Technology -- also called the self-regulating tire -- works. | Graphic courtesy of Goodyear. This graphic shows how Goodyear's new Air Maintenance Technology -- also called the self-regulating tire -- works. | Graphic courtesy of Goodyear. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? Keeping tires inflated to the recommended pressure can improve gas mileage by 3 percent or the equivalent of saving up to $0.10 per gallon of gasoline. Goodyear has invented a self-regulating tire, which automatically

15

Bike to Work - or Anywhere - for Fuel Savings | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Bike to Work - or Anywhere - for Fuel Savings Bike to Work - or Anywhere - for Fuel Savings Bike to Work - or Anywhere - for Fuel Savings May 23, 2011 - 4:45pm Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL I realized over the weekend that I missed National Bike to Work Day on Friday (and Bike to Work Week all last week), so I didn't get a chance to remind all of you blog readers to bike to work if you can! Even if you missed the national event, do some searching to see if your city has its own Bike to Work Day coming up; a quick search revealed that San Francisco already had their day on May 12, while here in Denver it will be held on June 22, so the dates of the local events seem to vary around the country. But it's still National Bike Month, and of course, you don't need a formal event to hop on your bike for your commute. The weather is warming up, and

16

A summary of truck fuel-saving measures developed with industry participation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the third project undertaken by the Center for Transportation Research, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), in a US Department of Energy program designed to develop and distribute compendiums of measures for saving transportation fuel. A matrix, or chart, of more than 60 fuel-saving measures was developed by ANL and refined with the assistance of trucking industry operators and researchers at an industry coordination meeting held in August 1982. The first two projects used similar meetings to refine matrices developed for the international maritime and US railroad industries. The consensus reached by those at the meeting was that the single most important element in a truck fuel-efficiency improvement program is the human element -- namely the development of strong motivation among truck drivers to save fuel. The role of the driver is crucial to the successful use of fuel-saving equipment and operating procedures. Identical conclusions were reached in the earlier maritime and rail meetings, thus providing a strong indication of the pervasive importance of the human element in energy-efficient transportation systems. The number and variety of changes made to the matrix are also delineated, including addition and deletion of various options and revisions of fuel-saving estimates, payback period estimates, and remarks concerning items such as the advantages, disadvantages, and cautions associated with various measures. The quality and quantity of the suggested changes demonstrate the considerable value of using a forum of industry operators and researchers to refine research data that are intended for practical application.

Bertram, K.M.; Saricks, C.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Gregory, E.W. II [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States); Moore, A.J. [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Bike to Work - or Anywhere - for Fuel Savings | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Bike to Work - or Anywhere - for Fuel Savings Bike to Work - or Anywhere - for Fuel Savings Bike to Work - or Anywhere - for Fuel Savings May 23, 2011 - 4:45pm Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL I realized over the weekend that I missed National Bike to Work Day on Friday (and Bike to Work Week all last week), so I didn't get a chance to remind all of you blog readers to bike to work if you can! Even if you missed the national event, do some searching to see if your city has its own Bike to Work Day coming up; a quick search revealed that San Francisco already had their day on May 12, while here in Denver it will be held on June 22, so the dates of the local events seem to vary around the country. But it's still National Bike Month, and of course, you don't need a formal event to hop on your bike for your commute. The weather is warming up, and

18

Fact #793: August 19, 2013 Improvements in Fuel Economy for Low-MPG Vehicles Yield the Greatest Fuel Savings  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The relationship between gallons used over a given distance and miles per gallon (mpg) is not linear. Thus, an increase in fuel economy by 5 mpg does not translate to a constant fuel savings amount...

19

Economic technique for analyzing fuel saving technology in the seafood industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research was aimed at supplementing and expanding the ongoing Mississippi-Alabama Sea Grant Consortium's efforts to aid the shrimp fleets in their battle against high fuel costs. This report is essentially a research application of tried methodologies in the areas of economics and finance and will analyze the fuel-savings additions to the capital stock. Since the use of such technology requires considerable investment, it is necessary to determine whether its introduction is profitable in the long run. The use of information provided by this report should prove helpful in making decisions regarding energy-conserving alternatives.

Nissan, E.; Daniel, D.; Williams, D.C. Jr

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Heat exchanger optimization for geothermal district heating systems: A fuel saving approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the most commonly used heating devices in geothermal systems is the heat exchanger. The output conditions of heat exchangers are based on several parameters. The heat transfer area is one of the most important parameters for heat exchangers in terms of economics. Although there are a lot of methods to optimize heat exchangers, the method described here is a fairly easy approach. In this paper, a counter flow heat exchanger of geothermal district heating system is considered and optimum design values, which provide maximum annual net profit, for the considered heating system are found according to fuel savings. Performance of the heat exchanger is also calculated. In the analysis, since some values are affected by local conditions, Turkey's conditions are considered.

Ahmet Dagdas

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fifty-nine conventional fuel-saving" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Comparative Study of Hybrid Powertrains on Fuel Saving, Emissions, and Component Energy Loss in HD Trucks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We compared parallel and series hybrid powertrains on fuel economy, component energy loss, and emissions control in Class 8 trucks over both city and highway driving. A comprehensive set of component models describing battery energy, engine fuel efficiency, emissions control, and power demand interactions for heavy duty (HD) hybrids has been integrated with parallel and series hybrid Class 8 trucks in order to identify the technical barriers of these hybrid powertrain technologies. The results show that series hybrid is absolutely negative for fuel economy benefit of long-haul trucks due to an efficiency penalty associated with the dual-step conversions of energy (i.e. mechanical to electric to mechanical). The current parallel hybrid technology combined with 50% auxiliary load reduction could elevate 5-7% fuel economy of long-haul trucks, but a profound improvement of long-haul truck fuel economy requires additional innovative technologies for reducing aerodynamic drag and rolling resistance losses. The simulated emissions control indicates that hybrid trucks reduce more CO and HC emissions than conventional trucks. The simulated results further indicate that the catalyzed DPF played an important role in CO oxidations. Limited NH3 emissions could be slipped from the Urea SCR, but the average NH3 emissions are below 20 ppm. Meanwhile our estimations show 1.5-1.9% of equivalent fuel-cost penalty due to urea consumption in the simulated SCR cases.

Gao, Zhiming [ORNL; FINNEY, Charles E A [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL; LaClair, Tim J [ORNL; Smith, David E [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

An assessment of energy balance from sugar-based ethanol for fuel-saving and climate policy - the case of an island economy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The study assesses the efficiency of sugar-based ethanol production in Mauritius using the net energy balance and energy ratio. The findings indicate a positive net energy balance. For every one unit of fossil fuel used, the system returns more than six times in terms of renewable energy from ethanol. The fuel savings and other economic benefits which may be accrued to Mauritius are discussed. The sensitivity analysis shows that the fossil energy consumed in the production of fertilisers and in the transportation of feedstock to factory represents the main components which influence efficiency indicators. Greening the supply chain may enhance the efficiency and sustainability of bio-ethanol production systems. Green strategies may include the use of organic fertilisers, clean technology, and sustainable transportation and land use. The efficiency indicators can also be used to guide the CDM for sugar-based ethanol project.

Riad Sultan; Abdel Khoodaruth

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Fuel saving, carbon dioxide emission avoidance, and syngas production by tri-reforming of flue gases from coal- and gas-fired power stations, and by the carbothermic reduction of iron oxide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Flue gases from coal, gas, or oil-fired power stations, as well as from several heavy industries, such as the production of iron, lime and cement, are major anthropogenic sources of global CO2 emissions. The newly proposed process for syngas production based on the tri-reforming of such flue gases with natural gas could be an important route for CO2 emission avoidance. In addition, by combining the carbothermic reduction of iron oxide with the partial oxidation of the carbon source, an overall thermoneutral process can be designed for the co-production of iron and syngas rich in CO. Water-gas shift (WGS) of CO to H2 enables the production of useful syngas. The reaction process heat, or the conditions for thermoneutrality, are derived by thermochemical equilibrium calculations. The thermodynamic constraints are determined for the production of syngas suitable for methanol, hydrogen, or ammonia synthesis. The environmental and economic consequences are assessed for large-scale commercial production of these chemical commodities. Preliminary evaluations with natural gas, coke, or coal as carbon source indicate that such combined processes should be economically competitive, as well as promising significant fuel saving and CO2 emission avoidance. The production of ammonia in the above processes seems particularly attractive, as it consumes the nitrogen in the flue gases.

M. Halmann; A. Steinfeld

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Fuel Savings from Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NREL's study shows that hybrid electric vehicles can significantly reduce oil imports for use in light-duty vehicles, particularly if drivers switch to smaller, more fuel-efficient vehicles overall.

Bennion, K.; Thornton, M.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

2014 Annual AFN Convention  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The AFN Convention is the largest representative annual gathering in the United States of any Native peoples. In addition to the memorable keynote speeches, the expert panels and special reports, the Convention features several evenings of cultural performances known as Quyana Alaska.

26

Conventional Strategic Deterrence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Bush Administration argues that the US, as the world's only remaining superpower, must be prepared to intervene militarily in regional conflicts. However, the traditional American way of fighting-relying on ground forces with heavy equipment, supported by naval and air forces--could prove too expensive, both monetarily and in terms of expected American casualties, to garner the support of the American public or Congress. This paper argues that the revolution in conventional weaponry demonstrated in the Persian Gulf War opens up the possibility of a new strategy--called Conventional Strategic Deterrence--that could reduce both financial costs and casualties (if it were necessary to implement the strategy) while still being a strong and credible deterrent to regional conflict.

Latter, A.L.; Martinelli, E.A.; Speed, R.D.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Conventional Strategic Deterrence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Bush Administration argues that the US, as the world`s only remaining superpower, must be prepared to intervene militarily in regional conflicts. However, the traditional American way of fighting-relying on ground forces with heavy equipment, supported by naval and air forces--could prove too expensive, both monetarily and in terms of expected American casualties, to garner the support of the American public or Congress. This paper argues that the revolution in conventional weaponry demonstrated in the Persian Gulf War opens up the possibility of a new strategy--called Conventional Strategic Deterrence--that could reduce both financial costs and casualties (if it were necessary to implement the strategy) while still being a strong and credible deterrent to regional conflict.

Latter, A.L.; Martinelli, E.A.; Speed, R.D.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Conventional Hydropower Technologies (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes the DOE Water Power Program's conventional hydropower research and development efforts.

Not Available

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

& Experimental Stability of SDMs AES 124th Convention, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2008 May 17­20 Page 2 of 15­20 Amsterdam, The Netherlands The papers at this Convention have been selected on the basis of a submitted

Reiss, Josh

30

ConventionConventionConventionConvention InformaInformaInformaInformation Guidetion Guidetion Guidetion Guide International Convention on Shapes and SolidsInternational Convention on Shapes and SolidsInternational Convention on Shapes and SolidsInternatio  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Guidetion Guide International Convention on Shapes and SolidsInternational Convention on Shapes and SolidsInternational Convention on Shapes and SolidsInternational Convention on Shapes and Solids 13131313----17 June 2005, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA #12;Information Guide International Convention

Reuter, Martin

31

ATNI Mid-year Convention  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians Mid-year Convention will be hosted by the Chehalis Tribe.

32

NCAI 71st Annual Convention  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Save the date for the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) 71st Annual Convention at the Hyatt Regency Atlanta.

33

Tanana Chiefs Conference Annual Convention  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Tanana Chiefs Conference is holding its annual convention to discuss issues in the region, hold elections, and adopt resolutions presented by Tribes.

34

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper Presented at the 120th Convention 2006 May 20­23 Paris. Additional papers may be obtained by sending request and remittance to Audio Engineering Society, 60 East 42 of the Audio Engineering Society. Parametric Representation of Multichannel Audio Based on Principal Component

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

35

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper Presented at the 114th Convention 2003 March 22 for the contents. Additional papers may be obtained by sending request and remittance to Audio Engineering Society of the Audio Engineering Society. Real Time Object Based Coding Paul M. Brossier1 , Mark B. Sandler1 and Mark D

Plumbley, Mark

36

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper Presented at the 122nd Convention 2007 May 5­8 Vienna be obtained by sending request and remittance to Audio Engineering Society, 60 East 42nd Street, New York, New portion thereof, is not permitted without direct permission from the Journal of the Audio Engineering

Plumbley, Mark

37

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper Presented at the 112th Convention 2002 May 10­13 Munich. Additional papers may be obtained by sending request and remittance to Audio Engineering Society, 60 East 42 of the Audio Engineering Society. Intelligent Audio Source Separation using Independent Component Analysis

Mitianoudis, Nikolaos

38

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper Presented at the 135th Convention 2013 October 17­20 New for the contents. Additional papers may be obtained by sending request and remittance to Audio Engineering Society of the Audio Engineering Society. Sound identification from MPEG-encoded audio files Joseph G. Studniarz

Maher, Robert C.

39

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper Presented at the 127th Convention 2009 October 9­12 New be obtained by sending request and remittance to Audio Engineering Society, 60 East 42nd Street, New York, New portion thereof, is not permitted without direct permission from the Journal of the Audio Engineering

Joseph Fourier Grenoble-I, Université

40

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper Presented at the 128th Convention 2010 May 22­25 London be obtained by sending request and remittance to Audio Engineering Society, 60 East 42nd Street, New York, New portion thereof, is not permitted without direct permission from the Journal of the Audio Engineering

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fifty-nine conventional fuel-saving" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper Presented at the 117th Convention 2004 October 28­31 San for the contents. Additional papers may be obtained by sending request and remittance to Audio Engineering Society of the Audio Engineering Society. AES Technical Committee on Signal Processing Educational CD Project Robert C

Maher, Robert C.

42

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper Presented at the 134th Convention 2013 May 4­7 Rome. Additional papers may be obtained by sending request and remittance to Audio Engineering Society, 60 East 42 of the Audio Engineering Society. On the Informed Source Separation Approach for Interactive Remixing in Stereo

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

43

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper Presented at the 120th Convention 2006 May 20­23 Paris. Additional papers may be obtained by sending request and remittance to Audio Engineering Society, 60 East 42 of the Audio Engineering Society. Acoustic Rendering for Color Information Ludovico Ausiello1 , Emanuele

Ferri, Massimo

44

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper Presented at the 125th Convention 2008 October 2­5 San be obtained by sending request and remittance to Audio Engineering Society, 60 East 42nd Street, New York, New portion thereof, is not permitted without direct permission from the Journal of the Audio Engineering

Jackson, Philip JB

45

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper Presented at the 129th Convention 2010 November 4­7 San be obtained by sending request and remittance to Audio Engineering Society, 60 East 42nd Street, New York, New portion thereof, is not permitted without direct permission from the Journal of the Audio Engineering

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

46

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper Presented at the 124th Convention 2008 May 17 be obtained by sending request and remittance to Audio Engineering Society, 60 East 42nd Street, New York, New portion thereof, is not permitted without direct permission from the Journal of the Audio Engineering

Reiss, Josh

47

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper Presented at the 130th Convention 2011 May 13­16 London be obtained by sending request and remittance to Audio Engineering Society, 60 East 42nd Street, New York, New portion thereof, is not permitted without direct permission from the Journal of the Audio Engineering

Reiss, Josh

48

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper Presented at the 119th Convention 2005 October 7­10 New for the contents. Additional papers may be obtained by sending request and remittance to Audio Engineering Society of the Audio Engineering Society. Frequency-Based Coloring of the Waveform Display to Facilitate Audio Editing

Rice, Stephen V.

49

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper Presented at the 119th Convention 2005 October 7­10 New for the contents. Additional papers may be obtained by sending request and remittance to Audio Engineering Society of the Audio Engineering Society. A Web Search Engine for Sound Effects Stephen V. Rice1 and Stephen M. Bailey2

Rice, Stephen V.

50

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper Presented at the 116th Convention 2004 May 8­11 Berlin. Additional papers may be obtained by sending request and remittance to Audio Engineering Society, 60 East 42 of the Audio Engineering Society. MPEG-4 Audio Lossless Coding Tilman Liebchen1 , Yuriy Reznik2 , Takehiro

Wichmann, Felix

51

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper Presented at the 119th Convention 2005 October 7­10 New for the contents. Additional papers may be obtained by sending request and remittance to Audio Engineering Society of the Audio Engineering Society. The MPEG-4 Audio Lossless Coding (ALS) Standard - Technology and Applications

Wichmann, Felix

52

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper Presented at the 118th Convention 2005 May 28 for the contents. Additional papers may be obtained by sending request and remittance to Audio Engineering Society of the Audio Engineering Society. Improved Forward-Adaptive Prediction for MPEG-4 Audio Lossless Coding Tilman

Wichmann, Felix

53

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper Presented at the 115th Convention 2003 October 10­13 New for the contents. Additional papers may be obtained by sending request and remittance to Audio Engineering Society of the Audio Engineering Society. MPEG-4 Lossless Coding for High-Definition Audio Tilman Liebchen1 1 Technical

Wichmann, Felix

54

Road to Fuel Savings: Ford, Magna Partnership Help Vehicles Shed...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

fuel economy in future vehicles. This is a carbon fiber from microwave-assisted plasma unit -- a unit that is part of the process to transform precursor fibers into carbon...

55

Road to Fuel Savings: GM Technology Ramps Up Engine Efficiency...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

support from the Energy Department, is having a big impact on the vehicle's fuel consumption. Called the Intake Valve Lift Control, this technology is helping drivers save up...

56

Using waste wood as fuel saves $2000 per day  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sawdust and wood residue replaced natural gas or number 2 fuel oil to fire 2 kilns at the Cherokee Brick Co. in Raleigh, NC, resulting in savings of $2000/day. Exhaust air from the kilns was sent directly back to a rotating dryer to dry the waste wood. The dried wood containing 8 to 12% moisture was supplied, around the clock, at a rate of 140 ton/day of dry material. (BLM)

Ragland, W. (Cherokee Brick Co., Raleigh, NC); Byrnes, D.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

On the Road with Fuel Saving Tools | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

possibility of giving up gasoline altogether. Whether it's a plug-in electric, natural gas, propane, or flexible fuel vehicle, the number of models that can run on alternative...

58

Road to Fuel Savings: Ford, Magna Partnership Help Vehicles Shed...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

to use extensively. That is until recently. As automakers look for ways to increase vehicle efficiency and lower emissions to meet new fuel economy standards -- all while...

59

Industrial Heat Pumps for Steam and Fuel Savings  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This brief introduces heat-pump technology and its application in industrial processes as part of steam systems. The focus is on the most common applications, with guidelines for initial identification and evaluation of the opportunities being provided.

60

LEARN MORE @ HYBRID ELECTRIC SAVING FUEL = SAVING MONEY = CLEANER AIR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S. DEPT OF ENERGY ALTERNATIVE FUELS AND ADVANCED VEHICLES DATA CENTER: www.afdc.energy.gov/afdcv U.S. DEPT.NCGetReady.com ADVANCED TRANSPORTATION ENERGY CENTER/NC STATE UNIVERSITY: www.atec.ncsu.edu CENTRALINA CLEAN FUELS of Governments, in Research Triangle Park, NC. [Award # DE-EE0002491]. Support for alternative fuel vehicles

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fifty-nine conventional fuel-saving" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Boise Inc. St. Helens Paper Mill Achieves Significant Fuel Savings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This case study describes how the Boise Inc. paper mill in St. Helens, Oregon, achieved annual savings of approximately 154,000 MMBtu and more than $1 million after receiving a DOE Save Energy Now energy assessment and implementing recommendations to improve the efficiency of its steam system.

Not Available

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Road to Fuel Savings: Clean Diesel Trucks Gain Momentum with...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Plus, it's compliant with new emissions standards -- an important element in cutting our air pollution in the U.S. If all light trucks and SUVs used an engine like this, Americans...

63

Steam System Management Program Yields Fuel Savings for Refinery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Phillips refinery at Borger, Texas, determined the need to develop a utility monitoring system. Shortly after this commitment was made, the refinery was introduced to a flowsheet modeling program that could be used to model and optimize steam...

Gaines, L. D.; Hagan, K. J.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Boise Inc. St. Helens Paper Mill Achieves Significant Fuel Savings  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This case study describes how the Boise Inc. paper mill in St. Helens, Oregon, achieved annual savings of approximately 154,000 MMBtu and more than $1 million. This was accomplished after receiving a DOE energy assessment and implementing recommendations to improve the efficiency of its steam system.

65

NAIHC Convention and Trade Show  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The National American Indian Housing Council's (NAIHC)most longstanding Annual Event, the 39th Annual NAIHC Convention and Trade Show is an opportunity to learn about tribal housing, attend...

66

Indian Gaming 2013 Tradeshow & Convention  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The National Indian Gaming Association will host its annual tradeshow and convention on March 24-27 in Phoenix, Arizona. Be sure to visit the DOE Office of Indian Energy booth at the event.

67

ITCN 49th Annual Convention  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The Inter-Tribal Council of Nevada, Inc. will be hosting its 49th Annual Convention, themed "Making a Difference for Nevada Tribes," December 8-11, 2014 at John Ascuagas Nugget in Sparks, Nevada.

68

Hydroelectric Conventional | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydroelectric Conventional Hydroelectric Conventional Dataset Summary Description Provides annual consumption (in quadrillion Btu) of renewable energy by energy use sector (residential, commercial, industrial, transportation and electricity) and by energy source (e.g. solar, biofuel) for 2004 through 2008. Original sources for data are cited on spreadsheet. Also available from: www.eia.gov/cneaf/solar.renewables/page/trends/table1_2.xls Source EIA Date Released August 01st, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords annual energy consumption biodiesel Biofuels biomass energy use by sector ethanol geothermal Hydroelectric Conventional Landfill Gas MSW Biogenic Other Biomass renewable energy Solar Thermal/PV Waste wind Wood and Derived Fuels Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon RE Consumption by Energy Use Sector, Excel file (xls, 32.8 KiB)

69

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

_________________________________ Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper Presented at the 114th and remittance to Audio Engineering Society, 60 East 42nd Street, New York, New York 10165-2520, USA; also see without direct permission from the Journal of the Audio Engineering Society

Monteiro, Edmundo

70

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

___________________________________ Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper Presented at the 111 and remittance to Audio Engineering Society, 60 East 42nd Street, New York, New York 10165-2520, USA; also see without direct permission from the Journal of the Audio Engineering Society

Reiss, Josh

71

Cetane Performance and Chemistry Comparing Conventional Fuels...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Cetane Performance and Chemistry Comparing Conventional Fuels and Fuels Derived from Heavy Crude Sources Cetane Performance and Chemistry Comparing Conventional Fuels and Fuels...

72

ISG X-Conventional Facilities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

WG-4 Conventional Facilities Home Conventional Facilities Conf. room (Bldg. 281) Corvin, Enomoto, Kuchler Tuesday, June 17 13:00 - 15:30 GM-Vibration WG1 & WG4 -TT Bldg 214 15:30 - 16:00 Break Orange Room 16:00 - 18:00 GM-Vibration WG1 & WG4 - FA, TM Bldg 214 18:00 Adjourn Wednesday, June 18 09:00 -12:00 Status - Japan, California, Illinois, HI CF Bldg 281 13:00 - 15:30 California Warm Mechanical Design CF Bldg 281 15:30 - 16:00 Break to Plenary Orange Room 18:00 Adjourn to BBQ Slac Cafeteria 18:30 BBQ Dinner Picnic Area Thursday, June 19 09:00 - 12:00 Drawing, Design & Cost Estimates CF Bldg 281 13:00 - 15:30 FY' 2004 Planning - Plans CF Bldg 281 15:30 - 16:00 Break to Plenary Orange Room 18:00 Adjourn

73

Conventional power sources for colliders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

At SLAC we are developing high peak-power klystrons to explore the limits of use of conventional power sources in future linear colliders. In an experimental tube we have achieved 150 MW at 1 ..mu..sec pulse width at 2856 MHz. In production tubes for SLAC Linear Collider (SLC) we routinely achieve 67 MW at 3.5 ..mu..sec pulse width and 180 pps. Over 200 of the klystrons are in routine operation in SLC. An experimental klystron at 8.568 GHz is presently under construction with a design objective of 30 MW at 1 ..mu..sec. A program is starting on the relativistic klystron whose performance will be analyzed in the exploration of the limits of klystrons at very short pulse widths.

Allen, M.A.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE UNITED NATIONS 1992 FCCC/INFORMAL/84 GE.05-62220 (E) 200705 #12;UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE The Parties to this Convention in predictions of climate change, particularly with regard to the timing, magnitude and regional patterns thereof

Laughlin, Robert B.

75

Chapter 2 Conventional refining processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses conventional refining processes. Refining is a very elaborate operation by which crude oil is transformed into a series of products such as, gases, fuels, solvents, lube oils, etc. Crude oil is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons (HC) of different C/H ratio and molecular structures. The different classes of HC molecules comprise paraffins, olefins, cycles, aromatics, resins, asphaltenes, and other poly-unsaturated molecules. In addition to hydrocarbons, crude oils also contain some other compounds composed by other atoms (heteroatoms) than carbon and hydrogen. Those moieties consist of sulfur (S), nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), and heavy metals. Crudes are usually classified in terms of their specific gravity as very light, light, median, heavy, and extra heavy. An empirical set of units for the crude gravity, defined by the American Petroleum Institute (API), is currently used in oil industry. Their appearance varies from transparent liquids to black solids, going from light to heavy. Light oils have lower specific gravity and larger API gravity, while for heavy oils vice versa. Their composition also changes, and so the concentration of those heteroatomic compounds typically increases from light to heavy. The crude oils are also categorized in terms of their chemical composition, as for instance, sour crude oils, those presenting high acidity, paraffinic, naphthenic, and aromatic.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

The Bunker Convention : International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollition Damage.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The objective of the thesis is to examine the International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage the Bunker Convention that (more)

Rings, Cassia Ribeiro Naegele

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

AFN Annual Convention | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFN Annual Convention AFN Annual Convention AFN Annual Convention October 23, 2014 8:00AM AKDT to October 25, 2014 5:00PM AKDT Anchorage, Alaska The Alaska Federation of Natives (AFN) Convention is the largest representative annual gathering in the United States of any Native peoples. Delegates are elected on a population formula of one representative per 25 Native residents in the area and delegate participation rates at the annual convention typically exceed 95%. Each year, the AFN Convention draws between 4,000-5,000 attendees. The proceedings are broadcast live via television, radio and webcast reaching a diverse audience from Barrow to Ketchikan, from the Aleutian Chain to the Canadian border. During the convention, the entire state of Alaska is blanketed with discussion on current events and issues. International

78

Considerations When Comparing LED and Conventional Lighting  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

When comparing LED lighting performance to conventional lighting, buyers will want to consider energy efficiency, operating life and lumen depreciation, light output/distribution, color quality,...

79

Cetane Performance and Chemistry Comparing Conventional Fuels...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cetane Performance and Chemistry Comparing Conventional Fuels and Fuels Derived from Heavy Crude Sources Bruce Bunting, Sam Lewis, John Storey OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S....

80

Strengthening the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Strengthening the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention: Countering the Threat from Biological Weapons Presented to Parliament by the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs By Command of Her Majesty April 2002 Cm 5484 £5.00 #12;3 STRENGTHENING THE BIOLOGICAL AND TOXIN WEAPONS CONVENTION

Sussex, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fifty-nine conventional fuel-saving" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper 8648  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper 8648 Presented at the 132nd Convention 2012 April 26 for the contents. Additional papers may be obtained by sending request and remittance to Audio Engineering Society of the Audio Engineering Society. Time domain performance of decimation filter architectures for high

Reiss, Josh

82

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper 9012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper 9012 Presented at the 135th Convention 2013 October 17 for the contents. Additional papers may be obtained by sending request and remittance to Audio Engineering Society of the Audio Engineering Society. Evaluating iBall - An intuitive interface and assistive audio mixing

Reiss, Josh

83

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper 8892  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper 8892 Presented at the 134th Convention 2013 May 4­7 Rome. Additional papers may be obtained by sending request and remittance to Audio Engineering Society, 60 East 42 of the Audio Engineering Society. Implementation of an intelligent equalization tool using Yule

Reiss, Josh

84

NCAI Annual Convention | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Annual Convention Annual Convention NCAI Annual Convention October 21, 2012 8:00AM PDT to October 26, 2012 5:00PM PDT Sacramento, California The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) and the California tribes will host the organization's 69th Annual Convention & Marketplace in Sacramento, California this October. The national meeting will serve as the beginning of a yearlong celebration of the organization's 70 years of work since it was founded in 1944. This year's Annual Convention will also host a Constitutional review. Over the course of six days, events and celebrations will focus on the rights and sovereignty of American Indian and Alaska Native tribes. Throughout the week NCAI will convene it's General Assembly, educational breakout sessions, and cultural celebrations, all with the purpose of

85

NREL: Energy Analysis: Impacts of Conventional Generators  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Impacts on Conventional Generators Impacts on Conventional Generators Impacts of Renewable Electricity Generation on Efficiency and Emissions of Conventional Generators With increasing penetration of wind and solar generation, conventional fossil-fired power plants may be required to adjust their output level, start up, or shut down more frequently to accommodate the variability and uncertainty of these technologies. These operational changes can negatively impact plant efficiency and emissions. NREL's analyses are focused on understanding and quantifying the emissions and costs associated with these operational changes. NREL's impacts of renewable electricity generation on conventional generators analyses show that: While the emissions impacts of generator cycling and part-loading can be significant (e.g., combined cycle generators), these impacts are

86

Organic agriculture cannot replace conventional agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Organic agriculture cannot replace conventional agriculture Sina Adl , David Iron and Theodore Agriculture | Pathogen Dispersal Introduction Organic farming [1, 2] is gaining in popularity in Eu- rope, because or- ganic agriculture avoids using environmentally harmful chem- icals that pollute soil

Kolokolnikov, Theodore

87

2013 Alaska Federation of Natives Convention  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Alaska Federation of Natives (AFN) Convention is the largest representative annual gathering in the United States of any Native peoples. Delegates are elected on a population formula of one...

88

Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians Annual Convention  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians (ATNI) are hosting their 59th Annual Fall Convention in Pendleton, Oregon. The DOE Office of Indian Energy is sponsoring a workshop for tribal leaders and...

89

Alaska Federation of Natives Annual Convention  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Alaska Federation of Natives (AFN) Convention is the largest representative annual gathering in the United States of any Native peoples. Delegates are elected on a population formula of one...

90

Thermal Storage with Conventional Cooling Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The newly opened Pennsylvania Convention Center in Philadelphia, PA; Exxon's Computer Facility at Florham Park, NJ; The Center Square Building in Philadelphia, are success stories for demand shifting through thermal storage. These buildings employ a...

Kieninger, R. T.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

The STCW Convention and related instruments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The initial instrument, i.e. the 1978 Convention, prescribed for the first time minimum standards on training, certification and watchkeeping for seafarers in response to the need to have uniform rules at the ...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper 5484  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

___________________________________ Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper 5484 Presented and remittance to Audio Engineering Society, 60 East 42nd Street, New York, New York 10165-2520, USA; also see without direct permission from the Journal of the Audio Engineering Society

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

93

Combining confinement and conventional beef production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMBINING CONFINEMENT AND CONVENTIONAL BEEF PRODUCTION A PROFESSIONAL PAPER by Michael Ronald Gregg Submitted to the College of Agriculture of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF AGRICULTURE December, 1985 Major Subject: Animal Science Department of Animal Science COMBINING CONFINEMENT AND CONVENTIONAL BEEF PRODUCTION A PROFESSIONAL PAPER by Michael Ronald Gregg Approved as to style and content by: Chairman, Advzso ommit ee...

Gregg, Michael Ronald

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

94

Two techniques for verifying conventional reductions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Conventional forces, long the forgotten stepchild of the arms control process, have recently taken on an unprecedented importance. In the United States, the Bush administration has placed the question of the conventional balance in Europe at the top of its negotiating agenda. And the NATO summit meeting in May 1989 resolved a difficult intra-alliance dispute on nuclear modernization by pledging to reach a conventional reductions agreement with the Eastern bloc in the short span of one year. The author attempt here to develop two approaches to minimize data exchanges - the envelope scheme and tagging - which could be applied in the event of conventional arms control agreements in Europe. In this context, they confine themselves to a scenario imposing restrictions on the levels of certain categories of weapon systems used for waging offensive warfare or mounting surprise attacks. NATO and the Warsaw Pact have already agreed at Negotiation Conventional armed Forced in Europe (CFE) that such treaty-limited items (TLIs) would include tanks, artillery, armored troop carries, combat aircraft, and helicopters, though precise definitions are still to be worked out. The emerging CFE agreement is expected to cover troop levels as well, but this article will focus on verification of armaments.

Maxfield, R.; Meerburg, A.J.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

The Effect of CO2 Pricing on Conventional and Non- Conventional Oil Supply and Demand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

if conventional oil production was no longer able to satisfy demand? Fuels from non-conventional oil resources would then become the backstop fuel. These resources involve higher CO2 emissions per unit of energy produced than conventional oil as they require... ?EMUC ? GDPgrowth ?POPgrowth? ? (13) r is the consumption discount rate (% per year) EMUC is the elasticity of marginal utility of consumption (no unit) ptp is the pure time preference rate (% per year) GDPgrowth is the growth of GDP (% per year...

Mjean, Aurlie; Hope, Chris

96

Conventional Medical Screening Program | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Conventional Medical Screening Program Conventional Medical Screening Program Conventional Medical Screening Program Medical screening is a strategy used to identify diseases or conditions in a select population at an early stage, often before signs and symptoms develop, and to refer individuals with suspicious findings to their personal physician or a specialist for further testing, diagnosis, and treatment. The program is not intended to serve as a substitute for routine medical exams through an individual's personal physician. The medical screening exam offered by the FWP evaluates an employee's health as it relates to their potential occupational exposures to hazardous agents. The FWP uses a customized medical screening protocol that was developed by a team of independent physicians specializing in occupational

97

October 1st Hamilton Convention Centre  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

October 1st & 2nd , 2010 Hamilton Convention Centre 1 Summers Lane, Hamilton ON ANGELA SILLA, EventMaster University, Hamilton Brian Leber, MDCM, FRCPC Professor Division of Hematology & Thromboembolsim Department of Medicine McMaster University, Hamilton Peter Powers, MD, FRCPC Associate Professor Division of Hematology

Hitchcock, Adam P.

98

Policy message A narrow focus on conventional  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

often prevents improvement of sanitation in poor settlements. n Simple, affordable, effective techPolicy message n A narrow focus on conventional sanitation technologies and top- down planning studies featured here were conducted in: Lao PDR, Tanzania, and Nepal Local solutions for sanitation Urban

Richner, Heinz

99

Audio Engineering Society Convention PaperPresented at the 111th Convention  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Engineering Society Convention PaperPresented at the 111th Convention 2001 September 21 for the contents. Additional papers may be obtained by sending request and remittance to Audio Engineering Society of the Audio Engineering Society. Bayesian Harmonic Analysis for Audio Testing and Measurement Thomas J. Loredo

Loredo, Thomas J.

100

National Report Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

National Report Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management National Report Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fifty-nine conventional fuel-saving" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Fifth National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Fifth National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management Fifth National Report for the Joint Convention...

102

Monitoring technologies in conventional arms control verification: The CFE (Conventional Armed Forces in Europe) context  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document discusses the challenges of evaluating conventional military capabilities during the rapidly changing political conditions in Europe. Recommendations are made for the implement new technology to require and process date about current military conditions. (FSD)

Pounds, T.J.

1990-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

103

Non-conventional sources for ethylene  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two processes for conversion of methanol to ethylene are reviewed as to economic attractiveness at about 1990. The processes are homologation of methane to ethanol with dehydration to ethylene and direct catalytic cracking of methanol to ethylene using Mobil zeolite catalysts. For the economic projections, synthesis gas is assumed to be available from a large leverage-financed, synthetis gas unit based on a pressurized, entrained bed, coal-gasifier, built on the US Gulf Coast in 1990 at a cost of $0.19/m/sup 3/, and methane is valued at $650/metric ton in 1990 based on continuous operation of natural gas-based methanol plants in the US. The economics of ethylene production via conventional steam cracking of naphtha/gas oil are compared with those of the new technology. The methanol homologation/ethanol dehydration route to ethylene is more attractive than catalytic cracking at 40% carbon selectivity to ethylene. At higher selectivities, the methanol cracking scheme becomes economically competitive. However, with an assumption of a price of $650/metric ton for methanol in 1990, neiter methanol-based route is competitive with conventional steam cracking on the Gulf Coast in 1990. A methanol price of $500/metric ton would make the methanol-based oriduction routes attractive. 23 references.

Leonard, J.P.; Weiss, L.H.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Are cobaltates conventional? An ARPES viewpoint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently discovered class of cobaltate superconductors (Na{sub 0.3}CoO{sub 2}.nH{sub 2}O) is a novel realization of interacting quantum electron system in a triangular network with low-energy degrees of freedom. We employ angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy to study the quasiparticle parameters in the parent superconductors. Results reveal a large hole-like Fermi surface generated by the crossing of heavy quasiparticles. The measured quasiparticle parameters collectively suggest two orders of magnitude departure from the conventional weak coupling (such as Al) Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer electron dynamics paradigm and unveils cobaltates as a rather hidden class of relatively high temperature superconductors. These parameters also form the basis for a microscopic Hamiltonian of the system.

Hasan, M.Z. [Department of Physics, Joseph Henry Laboratories, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)]. E-mail: mzhasan@Princeton.edu; Qian, D. [Department of Physics, Joseph Henry Laboratories, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Foo, M.L. [Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Cava, R.J. [Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

105

Public Comment re Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation Public Comment re Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation Comments by International Group on Nuclear Liability (CIGNL), in response to U.S. Department of Energy Notice of Inquiry on Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation, 75 Fed. Reg. 43945 (Jul. 27, 2010) and 75 Fed. Reg. 51986 (Aug. 24, 2010). Public Comment re Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation More Documents & Publications DOE Notice of Inquiry on the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (CSC) Contingent Cost Allocation - March 2, 2011 Meeting

106

Advances in the integration of solar thermal energy with conventional and non-conventional power plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pollution and increasing fuel prices are the main focus for governments today. The main cause of pollution is existing electricity power plants that use huge quantities of fossil fuel. A new strategy should be applied in the coming decades based on the integration of existing power plants with renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind energy. Hybridization of existing power plants with solar energy is one proven option to overcome the problems of pollution and increasing fuel prices. In this paper, a review of the previous studies and papers for integrating solar thermal energy with conventional and non-conventional power plants was carried out. The focus on hybrid solar conventional power plants includes: the review of studies of hybrid solarsteam cycle power plants, integrated solar combined-cycle systems (ISCCS) and hybrid solargas turbine power plants, while for hybrid solar non-conventional power plants the focus of study is hybrid solargeothermal power plants. The most successful option is ISCCS due to their advantages and the plans for implementation at various power plants in the world like in Tunisia, Egypt, Spain, and Iran.

M.S. Jamel; A. Abd Rahman; A.H. Shamsuddin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Comparing the Performance of SunDiesel and Conventional Diesel...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

the Performance of SunDiesel and Conventional Diesel in a Light-Duty Vehicle and Engines Comparing the Performance of SunDiesel and Conventional Diesel in a Light-Duty Vehicle and...

108

Third National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management Third National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety...

109

Second National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management Second National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety...

110

Fourth National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management Fourth National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety...

111

NCAI 71st Annual Convention | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

NCAI 71st Annual Convention NCAI 71st Annual Convention October 26, 2014 12:00PM EDT to October 31, 2014 9:00PM EDT Atlanta, Georgia http:www.ncai.orgconferences-events...

112

Demonstration of a fuel-saving system for paint-curing ovens  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two curing ovens at Roll Coater, Inc. (the Greenfield, Indiana plant) were retrofitted to save fuel and cost. Included in the fuel conserving retrofit was the design, fabrication, and installation of an afterburner for each of the two ovens, piping their combustion products to each of two commonly housed waste heat boilers before discharge from those units to the atmosphere at about 450 F. Depending on the product being run and the coating applied, natural gas requirements have been reduced by 45 to 65% with operation of the zone incinerators only and by as much as 65 to 85% including the effects of both the zone incineration and heat recovery by means of the afterburners and waste heat boilers. A demonstration program on conversion work at the No. 3 line at Greenfield and results are described in Section 2. Section 3 describes the retrofit design and the system construction. System performance (tests and measurements, qualitative performance, maintenance factors, and economic performance) is described in Section 4. Conclusions and recommendations are summarized.

Jensen, W P [comp.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Road to Fuel Savings: Clean Diesel Trucks Gain Momentum with Nissan and Cummins Collaboration  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Learn how a new clean diesel engine could improve the fuel economy of full-sized pickup trucks by 40 percent while meeting new emissions standards.

114

Market Implications of Synergism Between Low Drag Area and Electric Drive Fuel Savings  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presented at the U.S. Department of Energy Light Duty Vehicle Workshop in Washington, D.C. on July 26, 2010.

115

Fact #776: April 22, 2013 Fuel Savings from Attempts to Alleviate...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

1988 21 289 1989 25 314 1990 29 317 1991 31 317 1992 35 310 1993 40 305 1994 44 318 1995 51 340 1996 59 354 1997 67 365 1998 76 392 1999 87 418 2000 116 431 2001 131 450 2002 148...

116

Estimation of Fuel Savings by Recuperation of Furnace Exhausts to Preheat Combustion Air  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recovery of waste energy in furnace exhaust gases is gaining in importance as fuel costs continue to escalate. Installation of a recuperator in the furnace exhaust stream to preheat the combustion air can result in considerable savings in fuel...

Rebello, W. J.; Kohnken, K. H.; Phipps, H. R., Jr.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Conventional arms control and East-West security  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This book addresses some of the key conceptual issues related to the NATO-Warsaw Pact Vienna talks on Conventional forces in Europe (CFE). The chapters presented include: Constraints in Europe, Nuclear weapons and conventional arms control, and Approaches to conventional arms reductions.

Blackwill, R.D.; Larrabee, F.S.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Conventional coal preparation in the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Processing of bituminous and anthracite coal is widely practiced in the United States and, as mentioned earlier, about 80 percent of the production of these coals is processed as clean coal in preparation plants. Subbituminous coal is not widely processed, primarily because these low rank raw coals are low in sulfur (0.5 to 1.0 percent) and relatively low in ash (8 to 15 percent). They are also relatively low in heat content due to their high inherent moisture. Lignite coals, to the best of the authors{close_quote} knowledge, are not presently being processed in Conventional Coal Preparation plants. This is due to their unstable nature and putting them in water in a coal preparation plant is likely to cause severe degradation in particle size and add to their already high inherent moisture content. The following are the benefits of clean coal processing: produces a uniform product which can be utilized more efficiently; produces a higher quality product which results in higher efficiency at the power station or the steel mill; reduces sulfur dioxide and other adverse stack emissions during coal firing which is a very important environmental consideration; reduces ash or slag handling costs by the user; reduces shipping costs; and reduces handling and storage costs. Processing any stable raw coal in a coal preparation plant will always produce a higher grade product which is a more efficient and a more environmentally acceptable fuel for use at power stations, steel mills, home heating or industrial boilers.

Beck, M.K.; Taylor, B.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

119

Veeraiah Non Conventional Power Projects Ltd VNCPPL | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Veeraiah Non Conventional Power Projects Ltd VNCPPL Veeraiah Non Conventional Power Projects Ltd VNCPPL Jump to: navigation, search Name Veeraiah Non Conventional Power Projects Ltd. (VNCPPL) Place Krishna Dist, Andhra Pradesh, India Zip 521 157 Sector Biomass Product AP-based, biomass project developers References Veeraiah Non Conventional Power Projects Ltd. (VNCPPL)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Veeraiah Non Conventional Power Projects Ltd. (VNCPPL) is a company located in Krishna Dist, Andhra Pradesh, India . References ↑ "Veeraiah Non Conventional Power Projects Ltd. (VNCPPL)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Veeraiah_Non_Conventional_Power_Projects_Ltd_VNCPPL&oldid=352749"

120

ENERGY STAR Success Story San Diego Convention Center  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ENERGY STAR Success Story ENERGY STAR Success Story San Diego Convention Center Since opening 20 years ago, San Diego's bayside convention facility has been a green industry leader and continues to receive accolades for environmental stewardship. The San Diego Convention Center Corporation (SDCCC) joined the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR program as a partner in 2008. Using the EPA's online energy management and tracking tool, Portfolio Manager, the SDCCC tracked its energy consumption and has improved the facility's overall performance. Since then, the San Diego Convention Center has become a model for other convention and meeting facilities demonstrating the value of benchmarking to improve efficiency and to save money. . The Convention Center is managed and marketed by the SDCCC, a non-profit public

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fifty-nine conventional fuel-saving" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Public Comment re Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Public Comment re Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Public Comment re Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation Public Comment re Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation Comments by International Group on Nuclear Liability (CIGNL), in response to U.S. Department of Energy Notice of Inquiry on Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation, 75 Fed. Reg. 43945 (Jul. 27, 2010) and 75 Fed. Reg. 51986 (Aug. 24, 2010). Public Comment re Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation More Documents & Publications CIGNLCommentsDOECSCRulemaking11-30-10.doc DOE Notice of Inquiry on the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (CSC) Contingent Cost Allocation - March 2, 2011 Meeting

122

American Veterans 69th Annual National Convention | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

great organization. From electing new leaders to voting on resolutions that set the foundation of AMVETS, the National Convention sets the stage for the coming year. Contact...

123

SciTech Connect: Water-related Issues Affecting Conventional...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Water-related Issues Affecting Conventional Oil and Gas Recovery and Potential Oil-Shale Development in the Uinta Basin, Utah Citation Details In-Document Search Title:...

124

H2A Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis Models and Conventional...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

H2A Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis Models and Conventional Pathway Options Analysis Results - Interim Report H2A Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis Models and...

125

,,,"with Any"," Steam Turbines Supplied by Either Conventional...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

or Fluidized Bed Boilers",,,"Conventional Combusion Turbines with Heat Recovery",,,"Combined-Cycle Combusion Turbines",,,"Internal Combusion Engines with Heat Recovery",,,"...

126

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

127

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- - - - W W - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 86 Energy Information...

128

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

129

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- - - - 64.7 64.7 - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 86 Energy Information...

130

EM's Acting Assistant Secretary Selected to Lead Joint Convention...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

nuclear and non-nuclear, particularly South Asia, the Pacific Region, Latin America, Africa and the Middle East - to ratify the Joint Convention. There are currently 69...

131

Plasma atomic layer etching using conventional plasma equipment Ankur Agarwala  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasma atomic layer etching using conventional plasma equipment Ankur Agarwala Department plasma etching processes having atomic layer resolution. The basis of plasma atomic layer etching PALE will be discussed with the goal of demonstrating the potential of using conventional plasma etching equipment having

Kushner, Mark

132

Dekkera bruxellensis, a Non-conventional Ethanol Production Yeast  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dekkera bruxellensis, a Non-conventional Ethanol Production Yeast Studies on Physiology Print: SLU Service/Repro, Uppsala 2014 #12;Dekkera bruxellensis, a Non-conventional Ethanol Production in several ethanol production plants, which nevertheless had a high efficiency in one of the monitored

133

Computational Modeling of Conventionally Reinforced Concrete Coupling Beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMPUTATIONAL MODELING OF CONVENTIONALLY REINFORCED CONCRETE COUPLING BEAMS A Thesis by AJAY SESHADRI SHASTRI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2010 Major Subject: Civil Engineering Computational Modeling of Conventionally Reinforced Concrete Coupling Beams Copyright 2010...

Shastri, Ajay Seshadri

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

134

Hardwood Markets and Marketing AHEC American Hardwood in Europe Convention  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hardwood Markets and Marketing AHEC American Hardwood in Europe Convention Venice, Italy 20-22 October 2004 Hardwood Markets in 2003-2005 American Hardwood Export Council 12th Annual Convention Venice, Italy 20-22 October 2004 by Ed Pepke, Project Leader Forest Products Marketing Programme UN Economic

135

Audio Engineering Society Convention e-Brief 151  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Engineering Society Convention e-Brief 151 Presented at the 136th Convention 2014 April 26. Reproduction of this paper, or any portion thereof, is not permitted without direct permission from the Audio Engineering Society. APE: Audio Perceptual Evaluation toolbox for MATLAB Brecht De Man, Joshua D. Reiss Centre

Reiss, Josh

136

Conventional Energy Forum & Associated Vertical Business Development: Best  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Conventional Energy Forum & Associated Vertical Business Conventional Energy Forum & Associated Vertical Business Development: Best Practices in Indian Country Conventional Energy Forum & Associated Vertical Business Development: Best Practices in Indian Country March 1, 2012 Las Vegas, Nevada Mandalay Bay Resort & Casino The Office of Indian Energy Tribal Leader Energy Forum on "Conventional Energy (Oil, Gas, and Coal) Forum & Associated Vertical Business Development: Best Practices in Indian Country" was held March 1, 2012, in Las Vegas, Nevada. The forum focused on recent trends, existing successful partnerships, and perspectives on the future of conventional energy and how tribal business interests are evolving to meet the interests and needs of new tribal energy economies. The forucm provided an opportunity for tribal

137

Convention on Supplementary Compensation Notice of Inquiry and Public  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Convention on Supplementary Compensation Notice of Inquiry and Convention on Supplementary Compensation Notice of Inquiry and Public Comments Convention on Supplementary Compensation Notice of Inquiry and Public Comments In an effort to assist the Department of Energy in its development of regulations pursuant to section 934 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA), the DOE General Counsel's office issued a Notice of Inquiry (NOI) in July 2010. The Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (CSC) provides for a global nuclear liability regime assuring prompt and equitable compensation in the event of certain nuclear incidents, and features the creation of an international fund to supplement the amount of compensation available for nuclear damage resulting from such incidents. Section 934 of the EISA authorizes the Secretary of Energy to

138

2012 Alaska Federation of Natives Convention | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Alaska Federation of Natives Convention Alaska Federation of Natives Convention 2012 Alaska Federation of Natives Convention October 18, 2012 - 12:49pm Addthis Anchorage, Alaska October 18 - 20, 2012 During the Alaska Federation of Natives Convention held October 18-20 in Anchorage, the DOE Office of Indian Energy and the EERE Tribal Energy Program presented a preconference workshop entitled "Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency for Alaska Native Community Development." The workshop was designed to help tribal leaders and staff understand the range of energy efficiency and renewable energy opportunities that exist in their remote communities, and also covered project development and financing for clean energy projects. Download the Alaska workshop presentations. Addthis Related Articles

139

Atlantic City Convention Center Solar Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Convention Center Solar Power Plant Convention Center Solar Power Plant Jump to: navigation, search Name Atlantic City Convention Center Solar Power Plant Facility Atlantic City Convention Center Sector Solar Facility Type Photovoltaic Developer Pepco Energy Services Location Atlantic City, New Jersey Coordinates 39.3642834°, -74.4229266° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.3642834,"lon":-74.4229266,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

140

Convention for Preservation of Man's Cultural Heritage in the Oceans  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...special merit and may be enlarged if so required. The territorial ambit of the convention is prescribed with a view to avoiding any...convulsive, and divisive" events. Rampant inflation, the energy crisis, public mistrust of government, and unresolved racial...

F. M. Auburn

1974-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fifty-nine conventional fuel-saving" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

AutoCAD discipline layering convention. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is a user`s guide to establishing layering standards for drawing development. Uniform layering standards are established to exchange of AutoCAD datasets between organizations and companies. Consistency in the layering conventions assists the user through logical separation and identification of drawing data. This allows the user to view and plot related aspects of a drawing separately or in combination. The use of color and Linetype by layer is the preferred layering convention method, however to accommodate specific needs, colors and linetypes can also be assigned on an entity basis. New drawing setup files (also identified in AutoCAD documentation as Prototype drawings) use this layering convention to establish discipline drawing layers that are routinely used. Additions, deletions or revisions to the layering conventions are encourage.

Nielsen, B.L.

1995-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

142

Public comment re Convention on Supplementary Compensation Contingent Cost Allocation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE published a Notice of Inquiry in the Federal Register (75 Fed. Reg. 43,945) requesting public comment on issues related to the funding obligations under the Convention on Supplementary...

143

Actors, coalitions and the framework convention on climate change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study examines the political processes through which the Framework Convention on Climate Change was negotiated and the initial efforts of the United States, the Netherlands, and Japan to adopt national policies and ...

Sewell, Granville C

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Fact #648: November 8, 2010 Conventional and Alternative Fuel...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Fuel Price Report is a quarterly report that tracks prices for conventional and alternative fuels in the U.S. The graph below shows the nationwide average price for each...

145

Indian Gaming 2012 Tradeshow and Convention | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Indian Gaming 2012 Tradeshow and Convention Indian Gaming 2012 Tradeshow and Convention Indian Gaming 2012 Tradeshow and Convention March 13, 2012 - 6:47pm Addthis The National Indian Gaming Association (NIGA) 2012 tradeshow and convention will take place April 1-4, 2012, in San Diego, California. The event features seminars and trainings and other activities. Be sure to visit the Office of Indian Energy booth! Learn more on the NIGA website. Addthis Related Articles Energy Savings Performance Contract Case Studies Pacific Region Combined Heat and Power Projects Byron Washom, Director of Strategic Energy Initiatives at the University of California at San Diego, poses with an electric vehicle and some of the solar panels that cover UCSD's campus.| Photo courtesy of UCSD Q&A With Byron Washom of the University of California at San Diego

146

Livermore team successfully leads important test of a conventional warhead  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

102813_dod 102813_dod 10/28/2013 Livermore team successfully leads important test of a conventional warhead for the DoD Anne M Stark, LLNL, (925) 422-9799, stark8@llnl.gov LLNL served as technical lead and integrator on an important test to assess a new conventional warhead designed by the Lab. Dave Hare, Livermore's program manager of the test, called it an "unequivocal success." Below is the press release from the Department of Defense Defense Department successfully conducts warhead sled test The Defense Department announced recently the successful testing of an advanced conventional precision effects warhead, a critical part of a national effort to establish a conventional prompt strike capability. This capability will contribute to the country's ability to defend its interests

147

File:EIA-conventional-gas.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

conventional-gas.pdf conventional-gas.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Natural Gas Production in Conventional Fields, Lower 48 States Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 3.25 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Description Natural Gas Production in Conventional Fields, Lower 48 States Sources Energy Information Administration Related Technologies Natural Gas Creation Date 2009-04-08 Extent National Countries United States UN Region Northern America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 17:54, 20 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 17:54, 20 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (3.25 MB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated bot upload

148

Wind turbine generator interaction with conventional diesel generators on Block Island, Rhode Island. Volume II. Data analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to assess the performance of a MOD-OA horizontal axis wind turbine when connected to an isolated diesel utility, a comprehensive data measurement program was conducted on the Block Island Power Company installation on Block Island, Rhode Island. This report presents the detailed results of that program focusing on three principal areas of (1) fuel displacement (savings), (2) dynamic interaction between the diesel utility and the wind turbine, (3) effects of three modes of wind turbine reactive power control. The approximate two month duration of the data acquisition program conducted in the winter months (February into April 1982) revealed performance during periods of highest wind energy penetration and hence severity of operation. It is concluded that even under such conditions fuel savings were significant resulting in a fuel reduction of 6.7% while the MOD-OA was generating 10.7% of the total electrical energy. Also, electrical disturbance and interactive effects were of an acceptable level.

Wilreker, V.F.; Stiller, P.H.; Scott, G.W.; Kruse, V.J.; Smith, R.F.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Determination of plate efficiencies for conventional distillation columns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DETERMINATION OF PLATE EFFICIENCIES FOR CONVENTIONAL DISTILLATION COIUMNS A Thesis By Thomas Raymond Harris Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1962 Ma)or Sub)ect t Chemical Engineering DETERMINATION OF PLATE EFFICIENCIES FOR CONVENTIONAL DISTILLATION COLUMNS A Thesis Thomas Raymond Harris Approred as to style and content bye Chairman of ommittee Head...

Harris, Thomas Raymond

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

150

Conventional machining methods for rapid prototyping and direct manufacturing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The material and product accuracy limitations of rapid prototyped products can often prevent the use of rapid prototyping (RP) processes for production of final end-use products. Conventional machining processes are well-developed technologies with the capability of employing a wide range of materials in the creation of highly accurate components. This paper presents an overview of how conventional machining processes can be used for RP and direct manufacturing processes. The methodologies of computer numerical control machining for rapid prototyping (CNC-RP) and wire electronic discharge machining for rapid prototyping (WEDM-RP) are presented in this paper. A general discussion of selection criteria and cost comparisons among both current additive RP and conventional machining approaches to rapid manufacturing are also presented.

Zhi Yang; Richard A. Wysk; Sanjay Joshi; Matthew C. Frank; Joseph E. Petrzelka

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

ENERGY STAR Success Story: San Diego Convention Center | ENERGY STAR  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

San Diego Convention Center San Diego Convention Center Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder

152

ENERGY STAR Success Story: The Virginia Beach Convention Center | ENERGY  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ENERGY STAR Success Story: The Virginia Beach Convention Center ENERGY STAR Success Story: The Virginia Beach Convention Center Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources

153

Impact of force withdrawal on options for conventional defenses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Soviet withdrawal from the Warsaw Treaty Organization (WTO) could open new defensive options. This report gives some background on those options from post-war nuclear and conventional strategies and the quantitative Soviet threat tot he role of firepower, close air support, and battlefield attrition. Withdrawal under the Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) Treaty could provide a buffer between opposing armies that aggressor armies drop the bridges and disrupt the roads and rails that would have to be used. If forces were brought into battle piecemeal, they would be annihilated. That would permit effective use of advanced and prepositioned weapons, which would favor the defense. 9 refs.

Canavan, G.H.

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

From Conventional to Organic: Weed Management Principles for the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From Conventional to Organic: Weed Management Principles for the Transition Years Fabián Menalled weed management tool is located between your ears www.forages.oregonsate.edu #12;Today, we'll talk more about principles than specific practices #12;Outline for Today's Presentation Transitioning to organic

Maxwell, Bruce D.

155

PLANT RESISTANCE Conventional Screening Overlooks Resistance Sources: Rootworm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PLANT RESISTANCE Conventional Screening Overlooks Resistance Sources: Rootworm Damage of Diverse.g., landraces, populations, inbreds) for native resistance to western corn rootworm is labor.However,wehaverecentlyobservedthattopcrossed(hybrid) materials tend to have reduced western corn rootworm damage. To formally test whether rootworm damage

Flint-Garcia, Sherry

156

Nuclear Proliferation and the Deterrence of Conventional War: Justin Pollard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear Proliferation and the Deterrence of Conventional War: A Proposal Justin Pollard April 2009) Introduction It seems counterintuitive to think that the spread of nuclear weapons could make the world a safer of ubiquitous nuclear armament is a more dangerous and unstable one. Certainly, a weapon of the nuclear

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

157

Japanese Ratify Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (CSC)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

"The Japanese ratification of the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (CSC) marks an important milestone towards creating a global nuclear liability regime that will assure prompt and meaningful compensation in the event of a nuclear accident and will facilitate international cooperation on nuclear projects such as ongoing clean-up work at the Fukushima site."

158

Appendix IV. Risks Associated with Conventional Uranium Milling Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the addition of water/lixiviant is generally collected by air pollution control mechanisms, which return as in situ leaching (ISL) mining operations, to provide a more complete picture of uranium production. While this report focuses on the impacts associated with conventional surface and underground uranium mines

159

Nov/Dec 2006 2006 CSBA Convention Review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the 2006 CSBA Convention Once, again, we cheated winter and had only a little rain water on the highway the opening ceremonies and committee reports, Keynote Speaker, Dr. Jamie Ellis, from the University of Florida be reused by forcefully washing off the slime and letting the combs dry out. Probably, the portion of t

Ferrara, Katherine W.

160

Successful Alternatives to Conventional Cement Designs in the Williston Basin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since mid-1981, 36 wells have been cemented in the Williston Basin with a cementing system diametrically opposed to conventional cementing designs used for bonding across massive salt members. Since implementation, along with the use of relaxed invert emulsion oil mud, not one casing problem has arisen in the wells where these systems were used.

Bryant, G.A.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fifty-nine conventional fuel-saving" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Ocean Current Drifter CD-ROMs File Naming Conventions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ocean Current Drifter CD-ROMs File Naming Conventions Surface Current · Data are located on disc 1 of which are located in the directory FLOATS on disc 1. In summary, the files included in this CD-ROM set on which that file resides.) #12;Technical questions regarding the CD-ROMs should be addressed to: National

162

ENERGY STAR Success Story VA Beach Convention Center  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

STAR Success Story: STAR Success Story: The Virginia Beach Convention Center Located in Virginia's most populous city, the Virginia Beach Convention Center (VBCC) comprises more than 516,000 square feet and typically hosts 400 events a year. Fully opened in 2007, the VBCC has served as the anchor for the successful revitalization of Virginia Beach's old beach district. With historical references and maritime themes integrated into the structure's modern design, the Center features many technological advances that make it a prime location for meetings, conferences, and trade shows. However, even with a newly constructed building, the VBCC has demonstrated an important energy management principle: all buildings, regardless of their age and building systems they employ, can reduce energy consumption, save money, and offset greenhouse gas

163

Conventional Positron Target for a Tesla Formatted Beam  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 3 SLAC-TN-03-072 November 2003 Abstract This note documents a set of expressions used to explore the issue of whether or not it is reasonable to consider a conventional positron source for a Tesla formatted beam. The critical issue is that of energy deposition in the conversion target and the comparison of the induced stress with the ultimate tensile strength of the target material. Since the length of the incident beam pulse is large in comparison to the ratio of beam size to the speed of sound, the concurrent pressure pulse dissipates in a time short compared to the overall pulse duration and one is left with only the Conventional Positron Target for a Tesla Formatted Beam John C. Sheppard Stanford Linear Accelerator Center

164

Cost performance comparisons of equivalent conventional and 100% solar houses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The sixth design of ALL SOLAR HOUSE and the equivalent conventional house had detailed performance and item by item cost checks made. Surprisingly the active solar comes out to lower cost than the passive. A further suprise, the passive comes out as more efficient than the active. The conventional house has slightly more uniform temperature and has comparable cost. All these designs are thermostated to the 20+/sup 0/C (70+/sup 0/F) range. All have the same volumetric efficiency. The line of descent for ALL SOLAR HOUSE is: Experimental Manor, All glass house, Peterson's, Binghamton, Loraine, and now Keene. The last on speculation for the low cost market as a prototype for wide spread use. Several of the specially engineered components have been used that they are offered commercially.

Saunders, N.B.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Verifying conventional stability in Europe: An overview. Interim report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Verifying the obligations in the prospective Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) treaty will be far harder and more expensive than verifying those in the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty, or in other previous arms control agreements. This Note presents a qualitative overview of conventional arms control verification issues, including (1) monitoring force levels calibrated in major items of equipment and personnel, in a large production area that makes concealment possible; (2) watching force withdrawals, restructuring, or disbandments involving removal, reexport, or destruction of thousands of heavy equipment items; (3) monitoring the post-agreement status of the largest and most complex force concentration in peacetime history; and (4) meshing these observations with the concurrent need to monitor unilateral Warsaw Pact force reductions and force changes on a massive scale.

Hirschfeld, T.J.

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Segmented vs conventional numerals: legibility and long term retention  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the environmental chamber. Sub jects The subjects were thirty male students between the ages of 1g and 27 from the Industrial Engineering department at Texas A&M University. Subjects were divided into three groups of 10. Procedure Exposure time and number... December 1971 Ma]or Subject: Industrial Engineering SEGMENTED VS CONVENTIONAL NUMERALS: LEGIBILITY AND LONG TERM RETENTION A Thesis STEVE EDGAR HILL Approved as to style and content by: Elias Chairman of Committee) r. A. W. ortham (Head...

Hill, Steve Edgar

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Conventional Storage Water Heater Basics | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Conventional Storage Water Heater Basics Conventional Storage Water Heater Basics Conventional Storage Water Heater Basics July 30, 2013 - 3:39pm Addthis Illustration showing the components of a storage water heater. On top of the tank are two thin pipes; one pipe is the hot water outlet, and the other is the cold water inlet. A large pipe in the middle is called a vent pipe. A pressure/temperature relief valve is also on top of the tank and is connected to an open pipe that runs down the side of the tank. Another valve near the bottom of the outside of the tank is the thermostat and gas valve. A cutout shows the parts inside the tank, which include a large tube called a flue tube/heat exchanger. Inside this tube is a jagged insert called a flue baffle. Beside the flue tube/heat exchanger is a thin tube called the anode rod. At the bottom of the tank is a gas burner, and beneath the burner are combustion air openings.

168

J-integral values for cracks in conventional fatigue specimens  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Comprehensive S-N fatigue data has been developed worldwide using conventional low-cycle fatigue tests. Such tests use smooth unnotched specimens subjected to controlled axial deflection or strain ranges. The tests must be run in the plastic regime in order to achieve the required cycles-to-failure. Recent developments have highlighted the need to understand and interpret the significance of the resulting strain range vs. cycles to failure data in terms of crack initiation and propagation. Since conventional fatigue tests are conducted in the plastic regime, linear elastic fracture mechanics cannot be used to accurately quantify crack growth in such tests. Elastic-plastic J-integral theory, however, has been shown to provide excellent correlations of crack growth in the elastic, elastic-plastic and grossly-plastic regimes for a wide range of geometric and loading conditions. The authors are applying this theory to the low-cycle fatigue specimen crack behavior. As cracks progress in conventional fatigue specimens, bending becomes significant. Since fatigue testing machines are quite stiff relative to the small fatigue specimens, the ends of the specimen are constrained to remain parallel, and this reduces bending in the cracked cross-section. Three-dimensional finite element elastic-plastic analyses are required to include these constraints in the J-integral solutions.

O`Donnell, T.P.; O`Donnell, W.J. [O`Donnell Consulting Engineers, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Improved outcome of nasopharyngeal carcinoma treated with conventional radiotherapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To describe the outcome of patients with nonmetastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) treated with conventional radiotherapy at a single institution. Methods and materials: From 1990 to 1999, 171 consecutive patients with NPC were treated with conventional (two-dimensional) radiotherapy. Tumor histology was undifferentiated in 82% of cases. Tumor-node-metastasis Stage (American Joint Committee on Cancer/International Union Against Cancer 1997 system) was I in 6%, II in 36%, III in 22%, and IV in 36% of patients. Mean total radiation dose was 68.4 Gy. Chemotherapy was given to 62% of the patients. The median follow-up for surviving patients was 6.3 years (range, 3.1-13.1 years). Results: The 5-year overall survival, disease-specific survival, and disease-free survival rates were 72%, 74%, and 62%, respectively. The 5-year local, regional, and distant control rates were 84%, 80%, and 83% respectively. Late effects of radiotherapy were prospectively recorded in 100 patients surviving without relapse; 44% of these patients had Grade 3 xerostomia, 33% had Grade 3 dental damage, and 11% had Grade 3 hearing loss. Conclusions: This analysis shows an improved outcome for patients treated from 1990 to 1999 compared with earlier retrospective series, despite the use of two-dimensional radiotherapy. Late toxicity, however, was substantial with conventional radiotherapy.

Palazzi, Mauro [Department of Radiotherapy, Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Milan (Italy)]. E-mail: mauro.palazzi@istitutotumori.mi.it; Guzzo, Marco [Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Milan (Italy); Tomatis, Stefano Ph.D. [Unit of Medical Physics, Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Milan (Italy); Cerrotta, Annamaria [Department of Radiotherapy, Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Milan (Italy); Potepan, Paolo [Department of Radiology, Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Milan (Italy); Quattrone, Pasquale [Department of Pathology, Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Milan (Italy); Cantu, Giulio [Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Milan (Italy)

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Trade Associations - The Chemical Alliance; Dyestuff Convention; American Drug Manufacturers Association.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Trade Associations - The Chemical Alliance; Dyestuff Convention; American Drug Manufacturers Association. ...

1918-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Fact #595: November 2, 2009 Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle Purchases May Depend on Fuel Savings and Incremental Cost  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The recently released results of a 2008 survey on plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs) show that 42% of respondents said there was some chance that they would buy a PHEV sometime in the future....

172

Characterizing Structural Controls of EGS-Candidate and Conventional  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Controls of EGS-Candidate and Conventional Controls of EGS-Candidate and Conventional Geothermal Reservoirs in the Great Basin: Developing Successful Exploration Strategies in Extended Terranes Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Characterizing Structural Controls of EGS-Candidate and Conventional Geothermal Reservoirs in the Great Basin: Developing Successful Exploration Strategies in Extended Terranes Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act: Enhanced Geothermal Systems Component Research and Development/Analysis Project Type / Topic 2 Geophysical Exploration Technologies Project Description The project group proposes to systematically assess the structural controls of geothermal systems in the Great Basin and adjacent regions. Phase I (Year 1) involves a broad inventory of structural settings of geothermal systems in the Great Basin, Walker Lane, and southern Cascades, with the aim of developing conceptual structural models and a structural catalogue of the most favorable structural environments. The regional stress field will be used to evaluate slip tendency on faults in the various tectonic provinces and thus determine which faults are most likely to accommodate dilation and slip in each setting. This overview will permit selection of representative sites (5 or 6 total) for more detailed studies in Phases II and III (Years 2-3). Sites will be selected on the basis of quality of exposure, apparent potential for geothermal development, and general type of system, so that all major types of systems can be evaluated and compared in this project (e.g., magmatic vs. nonmagmatic). The detailed investigations will include geologic mapping, kinematic analysis, stress determinations, gravity surveys, integration of available geophysical data, slip tendency analysis, and 3D modeling. In Year 3, the detailed studies will be completed and data synthesized to a) compare structural controls in various tectonic settings, b) complete the structural catalogue, and c) apply knowledge to exploration strategies and selection of drilling sites.

173

Prospects for conventional arms reduction in Europe: CFE and beyond  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This is an edited version of an address given by the Minister of Defence of the Netherlands to a symposium held by the Technological and Aerospace Committee of the Western European Union Assembly in Rome, 27 March 1990. The Minister argues that there is a role for a European satellite surveillance system to help verify adherence to conventional forces reduction agreements and to support United Nations peacekeeping efforts. If its technical and financial feasibility are demonstrated, further steps in the direction of an independent European system should be taken as quickly as possible.

A.L. ter Beek

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Demilitarization and disposal technologies for conventional munitions and energetic materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Technologies for the demilitarization and disposal of conventional munitions and energetic materials are presented. A hazard separation system has been developed to remove hazardous subcomponents before processing. Electronic component materials separation processes have been developed that provide for demilitarization as well as the efficient recycling of materials. Energetic materials demilitarization and disposal using plasma arc and molten metal technologies are currently being investigated. These regulatory compliant technologies will allow the recycling of materials and will also provide a waste form suitable for final disposal.

Lemieux, A.A.; Wheelis, W.T.; Blankenship, D.M.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Conventional and advanced exergoeconomic analyses of geothermal district heating systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The present study deals with analyzing, assessing and comparing conventional and advanced exergoeconomic analyses to identify the direction and potential for energy savings of a geothermal district heating system in future conditions/projections. As a real case study, the Afyon geothermal district heating system in Afyonkarahisar, Turkey, is considered while its actual operational thermal data on 8 February 2011 are utilized in the analysis, which is based on the specific exergy costing method. In this study for the first time, based on the concepts of avoidable/unavoidable and endogenous/exogenous parts, cost rates associated with both exergy destruction and capital investment of the geothermal district heating system are determined first, and the obtained results are then evaluated. The results indicate that the internal design changes play a more essential role in determining the cost of each component. The cost rate of unavoidable part within the components of the system is lower than that of the avoidable one. For the overall system, the value for the conventional exergoeconomic factor is determined to be 5.53% while that for the modified one is calculated to be 9.49%. As a result, the advanced exergoeconomic analysis makes more sense given the additional information in splitting process of the components.

Ali Keeba?; Arif Hepbasli

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

S&TR | Stardust Results Challenge Astronomical Convention  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Staff Staff Article title: Stardust Results Challenge Astronomical Convention; article blurb: A Livermore team has discovered plenty of surprises in the first samples captured from a comet. Graphic of artist's conception of Stardust spacecraft. Photo of John Bradley at the Johnson Space Center. An artist's conception shows the Stardust spacecraft approaching Comet Wild 2. The spacecraft's cometary particle collector, filled with lightweight aerogel glass foam, is shown extended. The spacecraft is flanked by two solar panels. (Image courtesy of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration [NASA].) In the lower right photo, John Bradley gives the thumbs-up sign after scientists opened the Stardust sample return capsule in the clean room facility at NASA's Johnson Space Center.

177

Characterization of Organic and Conventional Coffee Using Neutron Activation Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Countries importing organic coffee are facing the difficulty of assessing the quality of the product to distinguish original organic coffee from other coffees, thereby eliminating possible fraud. Many analytical methods are matrix sensitive and require matrix-matching reference materials for validation, which are currently nonexistent. This work aims to establish the trace element characterization of organic and conventional Brazilian coffees and to establish correlations with the related soil and the type of fertilizer and agrochemicals applied. It was observed that the variability in element concentrations between the various types of coffee is not so large, which emphasizes the need for analytical methods of high accuracy, reproducibility, and a well-known uncertainty. Moreover, the analyses indicate that sometimes the coffee packages may contain some soil remnants.

E. A. De Nadai Fernandes; P. Bode; F. S. Tagliaferro

2000-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

178

Improving Multigrid and Conventional Relaxation Algorithms for Propagators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Practical modifications of deterministic multigrid and conventional relaxation algorithms are discussed. New parameters need not be tuned but are determined by the algorithms themselves. One modification can be thought of as ``updating on a last layer consisting of a single site''. It eliminates critical slowing down in computations of bosonic and fermionic propagators in a fixed volume. Here critical slowing down means divergence of asymptotic relaxation times as the propagators approach criticality. A remaining volume dependence is weak enough in case of bosons so that conjugate gradient can be outperformed. However, no answer can be given yet if the same is true for staggered fermions on lattices of realizable sizes. Numerical results are presented for propagators of bosons and of staggered fermions in 4-dimensional $SU(2)$ gauge fields.

Thomas Kalkreuter

1992-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

179

Pseudogap in a thin film of a conventional superconductor.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A superconducting state is characterized by the gap in the electronic density of states, which vanishes at the superconducting transition temperature T{sub c}. It was discovered that in high-temperature superconductors, a noticeable depression in the density of states, the pseudogap, still remains even at temperatures above T{sub c}. Here, we show that a pseudogap exists in a conventional superconductor, ultrathin titanium nitride films, over a wide range of temperatures above T{sub c}. Our study reveals that this pseudogap state is induced by superconducting fluctuations and favoured by two-dimensionality and by the proximity to the transition to the insulating state. A general character of the observed phenomenon provides a powerful tool to discriminate between fluctuations as the origin of the pseudogap state and other contributions in the layered high-temperature superconductor compounds.

Sacepe, B.; Chapelier, C.; Baturina, T. I.; Vinokur, V. M.; Baklanov, M. R.; Sanquer, M. (Materials Science Division); (CEA-INAC/UJF-Grenoble); (A.V. Rzhanov Inst. Semiconductor Physics); (IMEC)

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Master EM Project Definition Rating Index - Traditional (Conventional) Definitions  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

17 Master EM Project Definition Rating Index - Traditional (Conventional) Definitions The following definitions describe the criteria required to achieve a maximum rating or maturity value of 5. It should be assumed that maturity values of 1-5 represent a subjective assessment of the quality of definition and/or the degree to which the end-state or maximum criteria have been met, or the product has been completed in accordance with the definition of maturity values. Rating Element Criteria for Maximum Rating COST A1 Cost Estimate A cost estimate has been developed and formally approved by DOE and is the basis for the cost baselines. The cost estimate is a reasonable approximation of Total Project Costs, and covers all phases of the project. The estimate is prepared in

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fifty-nine conventional fuel-saving" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION BULLETIN News, Background and Comment on Chemical and Biological Warfare Issues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION BULLETIN News, Background and Comment on Chemical and Biological DUPLICATION Graham S Pearson HSP Advisory Board The Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) was opened biological weapons and prohibit their development, produc- tion, stockpiling, acquisition and retention

Sussex, University of

182

On-Site Wastewater Treatment Systems: Conventional Septic Tank/Drain Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conventional septic systems have traditionally been the most commonly used technology for treating wastewater. This publication explains the advantages and disadvantages of conventional septic tank/drain fields, as well as estimated costs...

Lesikar, Bruce J.

1999-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

183

Assessing performance : an analytical framework for the San Jos McEnery Convention Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study first outlines three major factors that limit the assessments of convention centers: high uncertainty in the convention industry, complex institutional structures and operational priorities, and plethora of ...

Lee, Kai-yan, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Rhetoric and heresthetic in the Mississippi Freedom Party controversy at the 1964 Democratic Convention  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Democratic Convention. Specifically, the focus is on the rhetorical discourse presented by the members of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, Fannie Lou Hamer in particular, at the Credentials Committee two days before the onset of the actual Convention...

Battaglia, Adria

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Dietary fiber and cholesterol and bile acid metabolism in axenic (germfree) and holoxenic (conventional) rats. III.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(conventional) rats. III. Effect of non-sterilized pectin E. SACQUET, C. LEPRINCE, M. RIOTTOT P. RAIBAUD-en-Josas, France. Summary. Axenic (germfree) and holoxenic (conventional) rats were given a pectin- containing diet and large intestine of both germfree and conventional rats. Pectin decreased the absorption coefficient

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

186

Non-conventional passive sensors for monitoring tritium on surfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors describe development of small passive, solid-state detectors for in-situ measurements of tritium, or other weak beta-emitting radionuclides, on surfaces. One form of detector operates on the principle of thermally stimulated exoelectron emission (TSEE), the other by discharge of an electret ion chamber (EIC). There are currently two specific types of commercially available detector systems that lend themselves to making surface measurements. One is the thin-film BeO on a graphite disc, and the other is the Teflon EIC. Two other types of TSEE dosimeters (ceramic BeO and carbon doped alumina) are described but lack either a suitable commercially available reader or standardized methods of fabrication. The small size of these detectors allows deployment in locations difficult to access with conventional windowless gas-flow proportional counters. Preliminary testing shows that quantitative measurements are realized with exposure times of 1--10 hours for the TSEE dosimeters (at the DOE release guideline of 5,000 dpm/100 cm{sup 2} for fixed beta contamination). The EIC detectors exhibit an MDA of 26,000 dpm/100 cm{sup 2} for a 24 hour exposure. Both types of integrating device are inexpensive and reusable. Measurements can, therefore, be made that are faster, cheaper, safer, and better than those possible with baseline monitoring technology.

Gammage, R.B.; Brock, J.L.; Meyer, K.E. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Health Sciences Research Div.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Effective dose estimation during conventional and CT urography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Intravenous urography (IVU) and CT urography (CTU) are efficient radiological examinations for the evaluation of the urinary system disorders. However patients are exposed to a significant radiation dose. The objectives of this study are to: (i) measure and compare patient radiation dose by computed tomography urography (CTU) and conventional intravenous urography (IVU) and (ii) evaluate organ equivalent dose and cancer risks from CTU and IVU imaging procedures. A total of 141 patients were investigated. A calibrated CT machine (Siemens-Somatom Emotion duo) was used for CTU, while a Shimadzu X ray machine was used for IVU. Thermoluminescence dosimeters (TLD-GR200A) were used to measure patients' entrance surface doses (ESD). \\{TLDs\\} were calibrated under reproducible reference conditions. Patients radiation dose values (DLP) for CTU were 17261mGycm, \\{CTDIvol\\} 4.752mGy and effective dose 2.581mSv. Patient cancer probabilities were estimated to be 1.4 per million per CTU examination. Patients \\{ESDs\\} values for IVU were 21.625mGy, effective dose 1.791mSv. CT involves a higher effective dose than IVU. In this study the radiation dose is considered low compared to previous studies. The effective dose from CTU procedures was 30% higher compared to IVU procedures. Wide dose variation between patient doses suggests that optimization is not fulfilled yet.

K. Alzimami; A. Sulieman; E. Omer; I.I. Suliman; K. Alsafi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Plasma atomic layer etching using conventional plasma equipment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The decrease in feature sizes in microelectronics fabrication will soon require plasma etching processes having atomic layer resolution. The basis of plasma atomic layer etching (PALE) is forming a layer of passivation that allows the underlying substrate material to be etched with lower activation energy than in the absence of the passivation. The subsequent removal of the passivation with carefully tailored activation energy then removes a single layer of the underlying material. If these goals are met, the process is self-limiting. A challenge of PALE is the high cost of specialized equipment and slow processing speed. In this work, results from a computational investigation of PALE will be discussed with the goal of demonstrating the potential of using conventional plasma etching equipment having acceptable processing speeds. Results will be discussed using inductively coupled and magnetically enhanced capacitively coupled plasmas in which nonsinusoidal waveforms are used to regulate ion energies to optimize the passivation and etch steps. This strategy may also enable the use of a single gas mixture, as opposed to changing gas mixtures between steps.

Agarwal, Ankur; Kushner, Mark J. [Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Illinois, 600 S. Mathews Ave., Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, 1301 Beal Ave., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122 (United States)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

189

Second National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Second National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Second National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management Second National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management This second National Report updates the first National Report published on May 3, 2003, under the terms of the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management (Joint Convention). This report satisfies the requirements of the Joint Convention for reporting on the status of safety at spent fuel (SF) and radioactive waste management facilities within the United States of America (U.S.). Second National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel

190

National Report Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

National Report Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel National Report Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management National Report Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management This is the first National Report prepared under the terms of the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Managementi hereafter referred to as the "Joint Convention". This report satisfies the requirements of the Joint Convention for reporting on the status of safety at spent fuel and radioactive waste management facilities within the United States of America (U.S.). National Report Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management - May 2003

191

Fourth National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fourth National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Fourth National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management Fourth National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management This Fourth United States of America (U.S.) National Report updates the Third Report published in October 2008, under the terms of the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management (Joint Convention). This report reflects developments in the U.S. through June 2011. This report satisfies the requirements of the Joint Convention for reporting on the status of safety at spent fuel and radioactive waste management facilities within the U.S.

192

Third National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Third National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Third National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management Third National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management This Third United States National Report updates the second National Report published in October 2005, under the terms of the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management 1(Joint Convention). This report reflects developments in the United States through September 2008. This report satisfies the requirements of the Joint Convention for reporting on the status of safety at spent fuel and radioactive waste management facilities within

193

THE COMPENSATION CONVENTION: PATH TO A GLOBAL REGIME FOR DEALING WITH LEGAL  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

THE COMPENSATION CONVENTION: PATH TO A GLOBAL REGIME FOR DEALING THE COMPENSATION CONVENTION: PATH TO A GLOBAL REGIME FOR DEALING WITH LEGAL LIABILITY AND COMPENSATION FOR NUCLEAR DAMAGE THE COMPENSATION CONVENTION: PATH TO A GLOBAL REGIME FOR DEALING WITH LEGAL LIABILITY AND COMPENSATION FOR NUCLEAR DAMAGE The adoption of the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (Compensation Convention) opens a new chapter in international nuclear liability law. The Compensation Convention provides the world community with the opportunity to deal with legal liability and compensation for nuclear damage through a global regime that includes all countries that operate nuclear powerplants (nuclear power generating countries) and most countries that do not operate nuclear powerplants (nonnuclear power generating countries). Such a global regime can remove

194

In-Cylinder Imaging of Conventional and Advanced, Low-Temperature...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

vessels, which have been extensively modified for optical access. * Newly-developed laserimaging techniques in these facilities have provided new insight into conventional...

195

Fossil energy use in conventional and low-external-input cropping systems.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The production of fossil fuels will crest within the next decade and with reliance of modern conventional agriculture on fossil fuel energy inputs, food production (more)

Cruse, Michael James

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

National American Indian Housing Council 38th Annual Convention and Trade Show  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The National American Indian Housing Council's (NAIHCs) most longstanding annual event, the Annual Convention & Trade Show is an opportunity to learn about Indian housing, attend training...

197

Public Comment re NOI on Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

ENERGYSOLUTIONS' Comment in Response to Notice of Inquiry, Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation -75 FR 43945

198

Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation, Section 934  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

LES comments in response to Notice of Inquiry on Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation, Section 934

199

Conventional Hydropower Technologies, Wind And Water Power Program (WWPP) (Fact Sheet)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The US Department of Energy conducts research on conventional hydropower technologies to increase generation and improve existing means of generating hydroelectricity.

200

Fabrication of microstructures on glass by imprinting in conventional furnace for lab-on-chip application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Imprinting micro structures on glass in conventional furnace instead of vacuum chamber was carried out using a nickel alloy mold which was fabricated by diode-pumped solid state laser writing. The layout is designed to serve for DNA analysis. In the ... Keywords: Conventional furnace, Glass imprinting, Laser direct writing, Ni alloy mold

Qiuling Chen; Qiuping Chen; Gabriele Maccioni; Adriano Sacco; Sergio Ferrero; Luciano Scaltrito

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fifty-nine conventional fuel-saving" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Aerodynamically Optimal Regional Aircraft Concepts: Conventional and Blended Wing-Body Designs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aerodynamically Optimal Regional Aircraft Concepts: Conventional and Blended Wing-Body Designs aircraft such as those that serve regional routes. We thus explore the optimal aerodynamic shape of both a blended wing-body and conventional tube-and-wing regional aircraft through high-fidelity aerodynamic shape

Zingg, David W.

202

A threshold area ratio of organic to conventional agriculture causes recurrent pathogen outbreaks in organic agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A threshold area ratio of organic to conventional agriculture causes recurrent pathogen outbreaks in organic agriculture S. Adl a, , D. Iron b , T. Kolokolnikov b a Department of Biology, Dalhousie Fungal spores Organic agriculture Pathogen dispersal Conventional agriculture uses herbicides, pesticides

Kolokolnikov, Theodore

203

96 CEREAL CHEMISTRY Comparison Between Alkali and Conventional Corn Wet-Milling: 100-g Procedures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

96 CEREAL CHEMISTRY Comparison Between Alkali and Conventional Corn Wet-Milling: 100-g Procedures S ABSTRACT Cereal Chem. 76(1):96-99 A corn wet-milling process in which alkali was used was studied as an alternative to the conventional corn wet-milling procedure. In the alkali wet-milling process, corn was soaked

204

A Comparison of Wind Turbine Load Statistics for Inflow Turbulence Fields based on Conventional  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Comparison of Wind Turbine Load Statistics for Inflow Turbulence Fields based on Conventional for a utility-scale 5MW wind turbine. Load statistics, spectra, and time-frequency analysis representations utility-scale wind turbines. The present study takes on this question by making use of conventional

Manuel, Lance

205

Conventional Facilities Chapter 8: Fire Protection 8-1 NSLS-II Preliminary Design Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conventional Facilities Chapter 8: Fire Protection 8-1 NSLS-II Preliminary Design Report 8 FIRE of New York State National Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Protection Association, corresponding to the ring pentants. 8.2.2 Fire Protection System #12;8-2 Part 3: Conventional Facilities Scope

Ohta, Shigemi

206

White matter microstructure on diffusion tensor imaging is associated with conventional magnetic resonance imaging findings and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

White matter microstructure on diffusion tensor imaging is associated with conventional magnetic to evaluate white matter architecture after preterm birth. The goals were (1) to compare white matter if sex, gestational age, birth- weight, white matter injury score from conventional magnetic resonance

Grill-Spector, Kalanit

207

Conventional Facilities Chapter 6: HVAC Systems 6-1 NSLS-II Preliminary Design Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conventional Facilities Chapter 6: HVAC Systems 6-1 NSLS-II Preliminary Design Report 6 MECHANICAL ­ HVAC SYSTEMS 6.1 Design Criteria 6.1.1 Codes and Standards The latest edition of the codes, standards have adequate capacity and head, no chilled water pumps #12;Conventional Facilities Chapter 6: HVAC

Ohta, Shigemi

208

Small-signal dynamic model of a micro-grid including conventional and electronically  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Small-signal dynamic model of a micro-grid including conventional and electronically interfaced-signal modelling of a micro-grid system that includes conventional (rotating machine) and electronically interfaced deviations in the overall system model and provides a methodology for the analysis of autonomous micro-grid

Lehn, Peter W.

209

U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY ASSESSMENT MODEL FOR UNDISCOVERED CONVENTIONAL OIL, GAS, AND NGL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AM-i Chapter AM U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY ASSESSMENT MODEL FOR UNDISCOVERED CONVENTIONAL OIL, GAS Survey (USGS) periodically conducts assessments of the oil, gas, and natural-gas liquids (NGL) resources by the USGS in1998 for undiscovered oil, gas, and NGL resources that reside in conventional accumulations

Laughlin, Robert B.

210

The role of non conventional oil in the attenuation of peak oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, the possible substitution of conventional with non conventional oil is studied using system dynamics models. The model proposed in this paper is based on geological, economic and technological aspects, and it fits approximately the behaviour observed by Hubbert. A first validation of the model has been made with the USA oil production data. These USA data show that there is a good coincidence between our model and the reality. This model has been expanded in order to include the substitution of the conventional oil with the non conventional one for the World. Two models with different ways to treat the contribution of non conventional oil have been developed and tested: a base model (business as usual), which extrapolates the last two decades growth of this type of oil into the future, and a model that explores how much non conventional oil would be needed in order to avoid a peak and decrease in the global non renewable fuel production. The results show that, even under some hypotheses that we consider optimistic, the attenuation of the peak oil decline requires more than 10% of sustained growth of non conventional oil production over at least the next two decades.

Carlos de Castro; Luis Javier Miguel; Margarita Mediavilla

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Analysis of conventional and plutonium recycle unit-assemblies for the Yankee (Rowe) PWR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An analysis and comparison of Unit Conventional UO2 Fuel-Assemblies and proposed Plutonium Recycle Fuel Assemblies for the Yankee (Rowe) Reactor has been made. The influence of spectral effects, at the watergaps -and ...

Mertens, Paul Gustaaf

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

EM Prepares Report for Convention on Safety of Spent Fuel and Radioactive Waste Management  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

WASHINGTON, D.C. EM supported DOE in its role as the lead technical agency to produce a report recently for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management.

213

E-Print Network 3.0 - anaheim convention center Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

fax www.nist.govsrm srminfo@nist.gov NEW SRMsRMs Summary: October 25-29, 2009 David L. Lawrence Booth 314 Convention Center Pittsburgh, PA Chem Show November 17......

214

Making Translation Work BIOTECHNOLOGY'S LARGEST GLOBAL EVENT, THE BIO INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION, CONVENES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Making Translation Work BIOTECHNOLOGY'S LARGEST GLOBAL EVENT, THE BIO INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION- tunities and discussing industry trends, investments, and policies meant to better the world.The gathering reasonable protection of commercial interests within strictly defined domains of joint activity, while

Mullins, Dyche

215

Non-Conventional Plasma Assisted Catalysts for Diesel Exhaust Treatment: A Case Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports the application of pulse discharges along with catalysts in treating the exhaust gas at higher temperatures. In the present work a plasma reactor, filled with catalysts, called as plasma catalytic reactor, is studied for removal of oxides of nitrogen, total hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide. The experiments are conducted on an actual diesel engine exhaust at no-load and at different temperatures starting from room temperature to 300C. The removal efficiencies of these pollutants are studied. The experiments are carried out with both conventional and non-conventional catalysts. The idea is to explore the pollutant removal efficiency characteristics by non-conventional catalysts. The efficiency results are compared with that of conventional catalysts. The experiments are carried out at a constant pulse repetition rate of 120 pps. Both pellet and honeycomb type catalysts are used in the study.

B S Rajanikanth; P K Srinivas Kumar; V Ravi

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

ISC Conventional Reading Rooms | U.S. DOE Office of Science ...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

IL 60439 P: (630) 252-2110 Larry Kelly U.S. Department of Energy 200 Administration Road Oak Ridge, TN 37830 P: (865) 576-0885 Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) ISC Conventional...

217

Low gas-liquid ratio foam flooding for conventional heavy oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The recovery of heavy oil by water flooding is 10% lower than that of conventional crude oil, so enhanced oil recovery (EOR) is of great significance for heavy oil. In this paper, foam flooding with a gas-liqu...

Jing Wang; Jijiang Ge; Guicai Zhang; Baodong Ding; Li Zhang

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

On-Site Wastewater Treatment Systems: Conventional Septic Tank/Drain Field (Spanish)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conventional septic tanks have been the most commonly used technology for treating wastewater. This publication explains the advantages, disadvantages, maintenance steps and estimated costs of septic tank/drain field systems....

Lesikar, Bruce J.

1999-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

219

Public comment re Convention on Supplementary Compensation on Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Comments by the Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI) on Convention on Supplementary Compensation on Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation; Section 934 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007

220

2014-02-06 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Conventional Cooking Products; Request for Information  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register request for information and notice of document availability regarding energy conservation standards for residential conventional cooking products, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on February 6, 2014.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fifty-nine conventional fuel-saving" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Indoor atmospheric corrosion of conventional weathering steels in the tropical atmosphere of Panama  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One year indoor atmospheric corrosion examinations have been carried out on two conventional weathering steels for a year, at two test sites, Tocumen and Sherman Breakwater in Panama. They are environmentally cla...

Juan A. Jan; Josefina Iglesias; Olga Adames

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Conventional wisdom and challenges to the threshold behavior of two-electron escape  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The threshold behavior of two-electron escape and the complementary characterization of doubly-excited resonances have been the subject of investigation for forty years. The conventional view of the physics of...

M. S. Lubell

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

The Use of Internet and Intranet In American Convention and Visitors Bureaus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The emergence of the Internet/Intranet offers new promise to American Convention and ... extent of the various capabilities of the Internet/Intranet are used by CVBs to augment marketing ... directors have not re...

Y. Y. Yuan; D. R. Fesenmaier; L. Xia

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Comparison of Production Costs and Resource Use for Organic and Conventional Production Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Comparison of Production Costs and Resource Use for Organic and Conventional Production Systems Karen Klonsky1 The USDA established the National Organic Program (NOP) to develop national standards for organically produced agricultural products and establish an organic certification program

Ferrara, Katherine W.

225

Agency for Non conventional Energy and Rural Technology ANERT | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Non conventional Energy and Rural Technology ANERT Non conventional Energy and Rural Technology ANERT Jump to: navigation, search Name Agency for Non-conventional Energy and Rural Technology (ANERT) Place Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India Zip 695004 Product Kerala state's nodal agency responsible for identification, promotion and development of non-conventional energy sources. Coordinates 8.50838°, 76.94773° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":8.50838,"lon":76.94773,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

226

A review of ash in conventional and advanced coal-based power systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Process conditions are briefly described for conventional and advanced power systems. The advanced systems include both combustion and gasification processes. We discuss problems in coal-based power generation systems, including deposition, agglomeration and sintering of bed materials, and ash attack are discussed. We also discuss methods of mitigating ash problems and anticipated changes anticipated in ash use by converting from conventional to advanced systems.

Holcombe, N.T.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

227

Hydraulic Hybrid and Conventional Parcel Delivery Vehicles' Measured Laboratory Fuel Economy on Targeted Drive Cycles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research project compares laboratory-measured fuel economy of a medium-duty diesel powered hydraulic hybrid vehicle drivetrain to both a conventional diesel drivetrain and a conventional gasoline drivetrain in a typical commercial parcel delivery application. Vehicles in this study included a model year 2012 Freightliner P100H hybrid compared to a 2012 conventional gasoline P100 and a 2012 conventional diesel parcel delivery van of similar specifications. Drive cycle analysis of 484 days of hybrid parcel delivery van commercial operation from multiple vehicles was used to select three standard laboratory drive cycles as well as to create a custom representative cycle. These four cycles encompass and bracket the range of real world in-use data observed in Baltimore United Parcel Service operations. The NY Composite cycle, the City Suburban Heavy Vehicle Cycle cycle, and the California Air Resources Board Heavy Heavy-Duty Diesel Truck (HHDDT) cycle as well as a custom Baltimore parcel delivery cycle were tested at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Renewable Fuels and Lubricants Laboratory. Fuel consumption was measured and analyzed for all three vehicles. Vehicle laboratory results are compared on the basis of fuel economy. The hydraulic hybrid parcel delivery van demonstrated 19%-52% better fuel economy than the conventional diesel parcel delivery van and 30%-56% better fuel economy than the conventional gasoline parcel delivery van on cycles other than the highway-oriented HHDDT cycle.

Lammert, M. P.; Burton, J.; Sindler, P.; Duran, A.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Sustainable alternatives to traditional plastics and conventional plastic waste  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to traditional plastics and conventional plastic waste management in the agricultural setting of the UBC Farm alternatives to traditional plastics and conventional plastic waste management in the agricultural setting ................................................................................................................. 9 Agricultural plastics

229

Energy use and greenhouse gas emissions in organic and conventional farming systems in the Netherlands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Organic agriculture is often considered to contribute to reducing energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, also on a per unit product basis. For energy, this is supported by a large number of studies, but the body of evidence for \\{GHGs\\} is smaller. Dutch agriculture is characterized by relatively intensive land use in both organic and conventional farming, which may affect their performance in terms of energy use and GHG emissions. This paper presents results of a model study on energy use and GHG emissions in Dutch organic and conventional farming systems. Energy use per unit milk in organic dairy is approximately 25% lower than in conventional dairy, while GHG emissions are 5-10% lower. Contrary to dairy farming, energy use and GHG emissions in organic crop production are higher than in conventional crop production. Energy use in organic arable farming is 10-30% and in organic vegetable farming 40-50% higher than in their respective conventional counterparts. GHG emissions in organic arable and vegetable farming are 0-15% and 35-40% higher, respectively. Our results correspond with other studies for dairy farming, but not for crop production. The most likely cause for higher energy use and GHG emissions in Dutch organic crop production is its high intensity level, which is expressed in crop rotations with a large share of high-value crops, relatively high fertiliser inputs and frequent field operations related to weeding.

Jules F.F.P. Bos; Janjo de Haan; Wijnand Sukkel; Ren L.M. Schils

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Disarmament: The role of conventional arms control in national security strategy. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Disarmament, Conventional Arms Control, Negotiations on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE), Confidence- and Security-Building Measures (CSBM), Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), Armored Combat Vehicles, tanks, artillery, combat aviation, personnel ceilings, sub-zones, NATO, Warsaw pact, Neutral and nonaligned. In this textbook the authors address significant conventional arms control history; development of U.S. and NATO objectives for the talks; pertinent issues which had to be resolved; the role of partial disarmament in National Security Strategy; and conclude with a full discussion of CFE and CSBM proposals, data, and the military implications of a successful agreement. The authors provide answers to the important questions: How close are we to an agreement. Can conventional arms reductions be verified. What does the post arms reduction world look like. What is the future of the alliances in Europe. Will we have to change national security strategy. Is arms control still relevant, considering the changes in Eastern Europe. How can we agree on answers before events change them. This book is somewhat unique since it incorporates the work of practitioners, academics, and actual members of our U.S. conventional arms control negotiating teams.

Hallenbeck, R.A.; Shaver, D.E.

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

,"Conventional Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Conventional Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes" Conventional Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Conventional Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes",60,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1994" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refmg_a_epm0u_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refmg_a_epm0u_vtr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration"

232

,"U.S. Conventional, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Conventional, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices" Conventional, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Conventional, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices",6,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1994" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_refmg2_c_nus_epm0u_dpgal_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_refmg2_c_nus_epm0u_dpgal_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

233

B3.6 SWCX for Indoor Bench-Scale Research Project and Conventional Lab Operations-  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6 SWCX for Indoor Bench-Scale Research Project and Conventional Lab Operations- 6 SWCX for Indoor Bench-Scale Research Project and Conventional Lab Operations- Revision 0 Sitewide Categorical Exclusion for Indoor Bench-Scale Research Projects and Conventional Laboratory Operations Introduction LAs defined in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Richland Operations Office Integrated Management System Procedure, NEPA Analysis at Hanford, a sitewide categorical exclusion is: An application of DOE categorical exclusions described in 10 CFR 1021, Appendices A and B, which may apply to Hanford Site proposed actions (activities) that are "sitewide" in nature and extent, ·which the cognizant DOE Hanford NCO has determined fit \Vithin the scope (i.e., same nature and intent, and of the same or lesser scope) of DOE categorical exclusions described in 10

234

Comparative study of the performance of conventional and column flotation when treating coking coal fines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Investigations were carried out on coking coal fines by conventional cell and column flotation techniques. The effects of different operating parameters were evaluated for both conventional and column flotation. The coal fines were collected from Bhojudih washery, India. These coal fines averaged 24.4% ash, 19.8% volatile matter and 53.8% fixed carbon on a dry basis. A commercial grade sodium silicate, light diesel oil and pine oil were used as depressant, collector and frother respectively. The flotation performance was compared with release analysis. The conventional flotation results indicated that a clean coal with 14.4% ash could be obtained at 78.0% yield with 88.4% combustible recovery. The ash of the clean coal could be further reduced to 10.1% at 72.0% yield with 85.6% combustible recovery by using column flotation. The column flotation results were close to those obtained by release analysis.

M.S. Jena; S.K. Biswal; S.P. Das; P.S.R. Reddy

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

,"U.S. Conventional Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Conventional Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes" Conventional Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Conventional Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes",6,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1994" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refmg_c_nus_epm0u_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refmg_c_nus_epm0u_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

236

Conventional Hydropower Technologies (Fact Sheet), Wind And Water Power Program (WWPP)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Water Power Water Power Program supports the development of technologies that harness the nation's renewable hydropower resources to generate environmentally sustainable and cost-effective electricity. Most conventional hydropower plants use a diver- sion structure, such as a dam, to capture water's potential energy via a turbine for electricity generation. The program's conventional hydropower activities focus on increasing generating capacity and efficiency at existing hydroelectric facilities, adding hydroelectric generating capacity to exist- ing non-powered dams, adding new low impact hydropower, increasing advanced pumped-storage hydropower capacity, and reducing potential environmental impacts of conven- tional hydropower production. The program's research and

237

Life Cycle GHG Emissions from Conventional Natural Gas Power Generation: Systematic Review and Harmonization (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research provides a systematic review and harmonization of the life cycle assessment (LCA) literature of electricity generated from conventionally produced natural gas. We focus on estimates of greenhouse gases (GHGs) emitted in the life cycle of electricity generation from conventionally produced natural gas in combustion turbines (NGCT) and combined-cycle (NGCC) systems. A process we term "harmonization" was employed to align several common system performance parameters and assumptions to better allow for cross-study comparisons, with the goal of clarifying central tendency and reducing variability in estimates of life cycle GHG emissions. This presentation summarizes preliminary results.

Heath, G.; O'Donoughue, P.; Whitaker, M.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

NV Energy Solar Integration Study: Cycling and Movements of Conventional Generators for Balancing Services  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With an increasing penetration level of solar power in the southern Nevada system, the impact of solar on system operations needs to be carefully studied from various perspectives. Qualitatively, it is expected that the balancing requirements to compensate for solar power variability will be larger in magnitude; meanwhile, generators providing load following and regulation services will be moved up or down more frequently. One of the most important tasks is to quantitatively evaluate the cycling and movements of conventional generators with solar power at different penetration levels. This study is focused on developing effective methodologies for this goal and providing a basis for evaluating the wear and tear of the conventional generators

Diao, Ruisheng; Lu, Shuai; Etingov, Pavel V.; Ma, Jian; Makarov, Yuri V.; Guo, Xinxin

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Life Cycle Comparison of Coal Gasification by Conventional versus Calcium Looping Processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

After separation of H2, the remaining gas is used as fuel in a boiler to produce steam that is used in a steam turbine to produce electricity. ... Note that, as described in Section 2.1, the conventional process has nonzero GHG emissions due to combustion of the gases remaining after CO2 and H2S removal, while CLP does not have any GHG emissions. ... The conventional process with CO2 recovery from flue gas was compared with the calcium looping process based on their life cycle land use, water use, and GHG emissions. ...

Berrin Kursun; Shwetha Ramkumar; Bhavik R. Bakshi; Liang-Shih Fan

2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

240

Comparative Environmental and Economic Analysis of Conventional and Nanofluid Solar Hot Water Technologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Domestic solar hot water heaters for residential use in the Phoenix metropolitan area, as well as throughout the state of Arizona, are eligible for tax rebates at the state and federal level, in addition to incentive programs through local utilities. ... All of these studies have focused on utilizing solar hot water heaters in European countries, with most focusing only on the environmental aspect (8-10) and very limited prior works examining both the economic and environmental impacts (7). ... The nanofluid collector is expected to have the same lifetime as the conventional solar collector since it utilizes the same material technologies as a conventional collector. ...

Todd P. Otanicar; Jay S. Golden

2009-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fifty-nine conventional fuel-saving" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Grande Ronde Basin Chinook Salmon Captive Brood and Conventional Supplementation Program, 2000 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Endangered Species Permit Number 1011 (formerly Permit No. 973) authorizes ODFW to take listed spring chinook salmon juveniles from Catherine Creek (CC), Lostine River (LR) and Grande Ronde River (GR) for research and enhancement purposes. Modification 2 of this permit authorizes ODFW to take adults for spawning and the production and release of smolts for the Captive and Conventional broodstock programs. This report satisfies the requirement that an annual report be submitted. Herein we report on activities conducted and provide cursory data analyses for the Grande Ronde spring chinook salmon Captive and Conventional broodstock projects from 1 January-31 December 2000.

Carmichael, Richard W. (Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, La Grande, OR)

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

The Conventionality of Synchronization and the Causal Structure of Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measuring velocities requires the synchronization of spatially-separated clocks. Because this synchronization must precede the determination of velocities, no system of clock synchronization--such as that based on Einstein's presumption of light-speed isotropy--can ever be founded on an experimentally-validated velocity. I argue that this very old observation, which lingers in the philosophical literature under the heading ``Conventionality of Synchronization,'' suggests an explanation of why ``spooky'' quantum correlations can transfer no information at any speed, superluminal or otherwise. This work constitutes the first application of the Conventionality doctrine outside of Relativity itself.

James Carrubba

2006-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

243

Ultramicroscopy 103 (2005) 6781 Conventional and back-side focused ion beam milling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

prepared using the more conventional `trench' FIB geometry. The use of carbon coating to remove specimen is used, then the local intensity and spacing of the interference fringes that form in the overlap region as it provides direct access to the electrostatic potential in the specimen (projected in the electron beam

Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

244

Physiological responses of reining horses to interval training versus conventional training procedures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

concentrations at stopping and post-exercise times on d 28 when compared to d 0. However it was only following interval training that this increase in aerobic capacity response was repeated on d 31. On d 31 of the conventional protocol, plasma lactate...

Haney, Elizabeth anne

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Chapter 13: Conventional Facilities 13-1 NSLS-II Conceptual Design Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and operation Sustainable design Section of the Ring Building available for accelerator installation by July-II Conceptual Design Report Brookhaven National Laboratory Table 13.1.1 NSLS-II Gross Area. Building Component: Conventional Facilities 13-5 NSLS-II Conceptual Design Report 13.2 SITE ANALYSIS 13.2.1 Building Site

Ohta, Shigemi

246

Persistence of seeds from crops of conventional and herbicide tolerant oilseed rape (Brassica napus)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...modified Herbicide Tolerance project (BRIGHT) (Sweet et al...glufosinate (Bayer Crop. Science, Liberty Link) and by conventional...for the first 2 years of the project. The appropriate herbicide...regulatory constraints on the BRIGHT project meant that at most sites all...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

The Identification and Interpretation of Differences in the Transcriptomes of Organically and Conventionally Grown Potato Tubers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Identification and Interpretation of Differences in the Transcriptomes of Organically and Conventionally Grown Potato Tubers ... ppb, c4-heptenal enhanced overall earthy, potato-like flavors in freshly boiled mashed potatoes, but these levels caused stale flavors in reconstituted dehydrated potatoes. ... Boiled potato off-flavor is a cardboard-like note, that develops within hours when boiled potatoes are stored. ...

Jeroen P. van Dijk; Katarina Cankar; Peter J. M. Hendriksen; Henriek G. Beenen; Ming Zhu; Stanley Scheffer; Louise V. T. Shepherd; Derek Stewart; Howard V. Davies; Carlo Leifert; Steve J. Wilkockson; Kristina Gruden; Esther J. Kok

2012-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

248

EIGHTH SESSION OF THE CONFERENCE OF STATES PARTIES TO THE CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 EIGHTH SESSION OF THE CONFERENCE OF STATES PARTIES TO THE CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION Declaration Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction adopted by the EU Heads of State and Government at the Thessaloniki European Council on 20 June 2003 which stresses that the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction

Sussex, University of

249

OPEN FORUM ON THE CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION Challenges to the Chemical Weapons Ban  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OPEN FORUM ON THE CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION Challenges to the Chemical Weapons Ban 1 MAY 2003 and Former Chairman of the Ad Hoc Committee on Chemical Weapons Conference on Disarmament PRESENTATIONS Chemical Weapons Destruction CHEMICAL WEAPONS DESTRUCTION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION: Sergey Baranovsky

Sussex, University of

250

Preliminary comparative study of small amplitude helical and conventional ePTFE arteriovenous shunts in pigs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...conventional ePTFE arteriovenous shunts in pigs Colin G Caro 1 Nick J Cheshire 2 Nick Watkins 1 Author for correspondence ( c.caro@ic...overall, but marked at eight weeks) would seem to merit reporting. It would seem indicated, furthermore...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Astigmatism: Risk factor for postoperative corneal haze in conventional myopic photorefractive keratectomy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Purpose To retrospectively assess risk factors other than high myopia for corneal haze in patients who had conventional photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) without mitomycin-C (MMC). Setting Department of Ophthalmology, Naval Hospital Camp Pendleton, California, USA. Methods This retrospective study comprised 362 eyes of 193 military members who had conventional PRK with the Star excimer laser system from 2004 to 2006. Study inclusion criteria were myopia less than ?6.0 diopters (D) spherical equivalent with or without astigmatism, no MMC applied, and at least 3 months of postoperative data available. Results Nine eyes had grade 2 corneal haze or greater. Of these eyes, 5 had greater than 2.0 D of astigmatism and 4 had no identifiable risk factors. Clinically significant postoperative corneal haze was associated with the level of preoperative astigmatism (P<.001). Conclusions Preoperative astigmatism was significantly associated with the development of corneal haze after conventional PRK without MMC. Based on these data, surgeons should consider prophylactic MMC use during conventional PRK procedures for patients with moderate to high levels of astigmatism (approximately ?1.25 D).

Karin E. Thomas; Tyson Brunstetter; Spence Rogers; Mark V. Sheridan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

EMISSIONS OF NITROUS OXIDE AND METHANE FROM CONVENTIONAL AND ALTERNATIVE FUEL MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-produced electricity for battery electric vehicles. Already, vehicles powered by compressed natural gas, propane. LIPMAN AND MARK A. DELUCCHI example, promising strategies for powering motor vehicles with reduced GHGEMISSIONS OF NITROUS OXIDE AND METHANE FROM CONVENTIONAL AND ALTERNATIVE FUEL MOTOR VEHICLES

Kammen, Daniel M.

253

Calibration and data reduction algorithms for non-conventional multi-hole pressure probes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Moreover, they eliminate the need to separate the measurement domain of a probe to "low-angle" and "high-angle" regimes, typical in conventional 5- and 7-hole-probe algorithms that require two different sets of pressure coefficient definitions...

Ramakrishnan, Vijay

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

254

Modeling the Relative GHG Emissions of Conventional and Shale Gas Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Modeling the Relative GHG Emissions of Conventional and Shale Gas Production ... Recent reports show growing reserves of unconventional gas are available and that there is an appetite from policy makers, industry, and others to better understand the GHG impact of exploiting reserves such as shale gas. ... The results show which parameters have most influence on GHG emissions intensity and which are relatively unimportant. ...

Trevor Stephenson; Jose Eduardo Valle; Xavier Riera-Palou

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

255

Nuclear forward scattering vs. conventional Mossbauer studies of atomically tailored Eu-based materials.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the decrease in size of devices, rapid characterization of nano-devices is an inevitable necessity. It is shown that Moessbauer spectroscopy using synchrotron radiation from the advanced photon source provides such a tool of investigation. Results are presented and compared for conventional Moessbauer and Nuclear Forward Scattering for {sup 151}Eu-doped magnesium sulfide as an example, especially at low concentrations.

Konjhodzic, A.; Adamczyk, A.; Hasan, Z.; Alp, E. E.; Sturhahn, W.; Zhao, J.; Carroll, J. J.; Vagizov, F.; Univ. of Philadelphia; Youngstown State Univ.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

EXTRACTING INFORMATION FROM CONVENTIONAL AE FEATURES FOR ONSET DAMAGE DETECTION IN CARBON FIBER COMPOSITES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EXTRACTING INFORMATION FROM CONVENTIONAL AE FEATURES FOR ONSET DAMAGE DETECTION IN CARBON FIBER and preprocessing methods on Acoustic Emission measurements of prosthetic feets made of carbon fiber reinforced in carbon fiber composistes #12;When microstructural changes occur in composites, energy is released

257

Advanced Techniques for Reservoir Simulation and Modeling of Non-Conventional Wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research results for the second year of this project on the development of improved modeling techniques for non-conventional (e.g., horizontal, deviated or multilateral) wells were presented. The overall program entails the development of enhanced well modeling and general simulation capabilities. A general formulation for black-oil and compositional reservoir simulation was presented.

Durlofsky, Louis J.; Aziz, Khalid

2001-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

258

Wind Powering America Fact Sheet Series 1 Wind energy is more expensive than conventional energy.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind Powering America Fact Sheet Series 1 Wind energy is more expensive than conventional energy, the commission determined that wind energy provided the lowest cost of any new generation resource submitted a reduction in payments by electricity customers of $305 million in one year.2 2 Wind energy requires

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

259

A comparative risk assessment of genetically engineered, mutagenic, and conventional wheat production systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

production systems Robert K.D. Peterson* & Leslie M. Shama Agricultural and Biological Risk Assessment engineered, mutagenic, and conventional wheat production systems. Replacement of traditional herbicides with different wheat production systems in the US and Canada using the risk assessment paradigm. Specifically, we

Peterson, Robert K. D.

260

Conventional Facilities Chapter 3: Architecture 3-1 NSLS-II Preliminary Design Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(ADAAG) Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) 2.2 LEED for Labs 3.2 Architecture 3Conventional Facilities Chapter 3: Architecture 3-1 NSLS-II Preliminary Design Report 3 ARCHITECTURE 3.1 Design Criteria 3.1.1 Codes and Standards The latest edition of the codes, standards, orders

Ohta, Shigemi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fifty-nine conventional fuel-saving" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

news: Bern Convention group of experts on European island biological diversity: an international network to preserve island biodiversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

news and updateISSN 1948-6596 news Bern Convention group of experts onBiogeography Society news and update Paulo Borges (

Borges, Paulo A. V.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Georgia Newspaper Coverage Discovering Conventional Practices of the 'Cherokee Question': Prelude to the Removal, 1828-1832.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis analyzes the specific journalistic conventional practices of newspapers in Georgia as they focused on the Cherokee Question in 1828-1832, the critical period during (more)

Hobgood, Jr., James Hollister

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation : the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and policy-making in Panama.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The Framework Convention on Climate Change has yet to deal with tropical deforestation although it represents an important source of greenhouse gas emissions. In December (more)

Guay, Bruno.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Conformity of Zanzibar Maritime Legislation with International Safety Conventions and its implementation to safeguard Safety of life at Sea.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This paper aim to present an overview of the International Convention on Safety of Life at Sea of 1974 as amended. The purpose is to (more)

Kazi, George Joseph

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Vlsi Design And Comparison Of Bank Memory With Multiport Memory Cell Versus Conventional Multiport And Multibank Sram Memory.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The main focus of this thesis is to determine whether designing a bank memory with multiport memory cell (hybrid design) is advantageous over conventionally used (more)

Lakkakula, Sunil Kumar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Energy improvement of a conventional dwelling in Argentina through thermal simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper analyses the design, technology, thermal behaviour, and energy consumption of both a conventional and a refurbished dwelling located in a region with a temperate-cold climate in central Argentina. The thermal behaviour and the energy consumption of the conventional building were monitored during winter. The experimental data were analysed and included in a simulation of the transient thermal behaviour of the house. Measurements and simulation were in agreement, showing a mean deviation below 0.5C. To reduce the heating and cooling loads, the dwelling was refurbished and its thermal behaviour was studied through a computer simulation, for the critical seasons (winter and summer) and for two occupancy schedules (with and without inhabitants). The refurbishment included passive solar heating, shading, and an insulated envelope. These successful changes allowed energy savings of 66% and 52% for winter and summer, respectively.

C. Filippn; S. Flores Larsen; E. Lopez Gay

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

An integrated multivariate approach for optimisation of IT/IS investment in conventional power plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Several organisations are seeking to determine the impact of Information Technology (IT)/Information Systems (IS) investments on their performance measures. Industrial units such as power plants are not exempt from this issue. This paper presents an integrated multivariate approach for assessment and optimisation of IT/IS investment in conventional power plants. The Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) approach is used to assess the IT/IS investment impacts on the performance of power plants. Furthermore, Principal Component Analysis (PCA) is used to verify and validate the findings of the DEA approach. IT/IS budget, number of IT/IS employees and number of PCs are used as input variables and total power generation and load factor are used as output variables. The proposed approach is applied to eight power plants and its advantages are discussed. This is the first study that presents a practical tool for policy making and optimisation with respect to IT/IS investment in conventional power plants.

A. Azadeh; A. Keramati; M. Jafari Songhori

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Outline of an on-site inspection regime for conventional arms control in Europe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The complexity of the negotiations on Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) was emphasized recently by General John R. Galvin, SACEUR, when he stated, {open_quotes}The difficulties of comparing the relative strengths of strategic or intermediate-range nuclear arsenals pale in comparison with the problems of assessing the relative capabilities of opposing conventional forces.{open_quotes} Throughout this process, intensive and rigorous verification measures must be developed and enforced to ensure an acceptable degree of reliability. The eventual agreement will require a complex verification monitoring process covering a vast geographical area. The long-term success of the agreement to a large extent will depend on the level of confidence achieved by the verification process and the effective deployment of technological means will be essential to that process.

Not Available

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

The Coils of the Anaconda: America's First Conventional Battle in Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

generals, but politicians and ordinary citizens, may find there is much to be learned from the past that can be applied to the future and, in their search for it, that some campaigns have more than others foreshadowed the coming pattern of modern war. 1... the main attack while conventional forces provided needed support and muscle where necessary. This meant that SOF led the planning and coordination effort and conducted a brilliant initial campaign which dismembered the Taliban forces. Only when...

Grau, Les

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

270

2014-11-24 Issuance: Test Procedures for Conventional Cooking Products; Supplementary Notice of Proposed Rulemaking  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register Supplementary Notice of Proposed Rulemaking regarding test procedures for conventional cooking products, as issued by the Deputy Asisstant Secretary for Energy Efficiency. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

271

A Rosetta Stone Relating Conventions In Photo-Meson Partial Wave Analyses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new generation of complete experiments in pseudoscalar meson photo-production is being pursued at several laboratories. While new data are emerging, there is some confusion regarding definitions of asymmetries and the conventions used in partial wave analyses (PWA). We present expressions for constructing asymmetries as coordinate-system independent ratios of cross sections, along with the names used for these ratios by different PWA groups.

A.M. Sandorfi, B. Dey, A. Sarantsev, L. Tiator, R. Workman

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

An Economic Comparison of Conventional and Narrow-Row Cotton Production--Southern Plains of Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JUN ~ 3 1977 Texas A&M University June 19' An Economic Comparison of Coventional and Narrow-Row -- Cotton Production-Southern High Plains of Texas The Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, J. E. Miller, Director' The Texas A&M University... interest in adopting narrow-row sys tems for cotton production in the Southern High Plains of Texas prompted an economic comparison of these new systems with conventional production sys tems for cotton. Previous experimental research in dicated...

Young, Kenneth B.; Adams, James R.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Oxygen Reactivity of Devolatilized Diesel Engine Particulates from Conventional and Biodiesel Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Oxygen Reactivity of Devolatilized Diesel Engine Particulates from Conventional and Biodiesel Fuels ... Abatement of diesel particulates has led to an overall decrease in the fuel efficiency of diesel engines, and overcoming these losses has been one of the more challenging problems in exhaust aftertreatment. ... (16-18) Establishing a general physical basis for modeling diesel particulate oxidation is especially challenging because of the large variations in microscopic structure that it can have. ...

Andrea Strzelec; Todd J. Toops; C. Stuart Daw

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

274

DOE cost comparison study industrial fluidized bed combustion vs conventional coal technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study compares the capital and operating costs of two different industrial boiler technologies, each producing 250,000 lbs steam/hr. These technologies are: Fluidized Bed Combustion (FBC) and Pulverized Coal (PC) combustion used in conjunction with a limestone Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD) system. Three separate turnkey plant designs have been completed. Two of these plant designs incorporate FBC technology and have been designated FBA-16 and FBV-16. The first FBC design (FBA-16) contains two shop assembled, rail shippable fluid bed boilers capable of producing 125,000 lbs/hr each. The second plant design (FBV-16) utilizes a single 250,000 lbs/hr fluid bed boiler shipped by rail in large sections for field assembly. The third plant design utilizes a conventional pulverized coal (PC) boiler in conjunction with a C-E Air Quality Control System (AQCS) limestone scrubber. Capital costs were generated for the three turnkey plant designs just described. The FBA-16, FBV-16, and Conventional Unit plant designs have associated capital costs of $24.4, $22.8, and $24.7 million, respectively. Comparisons between plant capital cost estimates are valid and informative. The total operational costs, which include contingencies on new product design for the Fluid Bed Units, were found to vary between four and seven percent higher than the Conventional Unit. When contingencies are not included, the operating costs were found to be between one and three percent higher than the Conventional Unit. As can be seen, the operating costs for the bed designs are close enough to be considered similar when considering the nature of the study. The efficiency of the fluid bed plant designs can be increased and required capital equipment reduced by improvements to the plant design with time and more development. Some potential design modifications are outlined.

Myrick, D.T.

1980-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

275

A novel approach for efficiency assessment of conventional power plants based on principal component analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The investigation of performance efficiency and productivity in power generation sector has become a need due to the importance of energy consumption in the world. Several studies have concentrated on the performance assessment of conventional power plants through mathematical and statistical methods. This paper presents a novel approach based on principal component analysis (PCA) for efficiency assessment of conventional power plants. This study considers the previous approaches, namely: data envelopment analysis (DEA) and PCA for ranking of decision-making units (DMUs). The applicability and superiority of the proposed approach is shown for 15 actual conventional power plants. We also applied the proposed approach to other datasets in previous studies to show its advantages. The numerical results showed that the proposed approach provides better solution than previous studies. It has been shown that in some cases the effect of the number of efficient units is contrary to what previous studies have already predicted. Moreover, the results of the novel approach provide better rankings than previous studies.

Ali Azadeh; Mahmoud Ghiasi Moaser

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Cooperative Mmonitoring Center Occasional Paper/5: Propspects of Conventional Arms Control in South Asia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The intensely adversarial relationship between India and Pakistan is marked by military rivalry, mutual distrust, and suspicion. The most dividing disagreement has been over the Kashmir region. An inability to discuss the Kashmir issue has prevented discussion on other important issues. Since there is little prospect of detente, at least in the near-term, the question is whether this rivalry can be contained by other means, such as arms control approaches. Conventional arms control has been applied flexibly and successfully in some regions to reduce threat-perceptions and achieve reassuring military stability. Some lessons from other international models might be applied to the India/Pakistan context. This paper discusses the status of conventional arms control in South Asia, the dominant Indian and Pakistani perceptions about arms control, the benefits that could be derived from arms control, as well as the problems and prospects of arms control. It also discusses existing conventional arms control agreements at the regional and global levels as well as the potential role of cooperative monitoring technology.

Gupta, Amit; Kamal, Nazir

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Abstract--A mesochronous pipeline scheme is described in this paper. In a conventional pipeline scheme each pipeline stage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract-- A mesochronous pipeline scheme is described in this paper. In a conventional pipeline scheme each pipeline stage operates on only one data set at a time. In the mesochronous scheme, pipeline stages operate on multiple data sets simultaneously. The clock period in conventional pipeline scheme

Delgado-Frias, José G.

278

Effect of various modifications in the diet on ileal epithelium renewal in germ-free and conventional rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-free and conventional rats J. C. MESLIN, E. SACQUET M. RIOTTOT Michèle SEREZAT Station de Recherches de Nutrition, 1.N) and conventional (CV) rats fed with a semi-synthetic diet in the following forms : a) pellets steri- lized by autoclaving (Pel. Au. diet) ; b) powder sterilized by gamma irradiation ; when given to the rats, its weight

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

279

Conventional Energy (Oil, Gas, and Coal) Forum & Associated Vertical Business Development Best Practices in Indian Country  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CONVENTIONAL ENERGY (OIL, GAS & COAL) FORUM & CONVENTIONAL ENERGY (OIL, GAS & COAL) FORUM & ASSOCIATED VERTICAL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT BEST PRACTICES IN INDIAN COUNTRY March 1, 2012 MANDALAY BAY RESORT AND CASINO NORTH CONVENTION CENTER 3950 Las Vegas Blvd. South, Las Vegas, NV 89119 The dynamic world of conventional energy (focusing on oil, gas and coal energy) is a critical piece of the American energy portfolio. This strategic energy forum will focus on recent trends, existing successful partnerships, and perspectives on the future of conventional energy and how tribal business interests are evolving to meet the interests and needs of new tribal energy economies. The third of a series of planned DOE Office of Indian Energy-sponsored strategic energy development & investment forums, this forum will provide an opportunity for Tribal leaders, federal

280

Fractionated Grid Therapy in Treating Cervical Cancers: Conventional Fractionation or Hypofractionation?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To evaluate the conventionally fractionated and hypofractionated grid therapy in debulking cervical cancers using the linear quadratic (LQ) model. Methods and Materials: A Monte Carlo technique was used to calculate the dose distribution of a commercially available grid in a 6-MV photon beam. The LQ model was used to evaluate the therapeutic outcome of both the conventionally fractionated (2 Gy/fraction) and hypofractionated (15 Gy/fraction) grid therapy regimens to debulk cervical cancers with different LQ parameters. The equivalent open-field dose (EOD) to the cancer cells and therapeutic ratio (TR) were defined by comparing grid therapy with the open debulking field. The clinical outcomes from 114 patients were used to verify our theoretical model. Results: The cervical cancer and normal tissue cell survival statistics for grid therapy in two regimens were calculated. The EODs and TRs were derived. The EOD was only a fraction of the prescribed dose. The TR was dependent on the prescribed dose and the LQ parameters of both the tumor and normal tissue cells. The grid therapy favors the acutely responding tumors inside radiosensitive normal tissues. Theoretical model predictions were consistent with the clinical outcomes. Conclusions: Grid therapy provided a pronounced therapeutic advantage in both the hypofractionated and conventionally fractionated regimens compared with that seen with single fraction, open debulking field regimens, but the true therapeutic advantage exists only in the hypofractionated grid therapy. The clinical outcomes and our study indicated that a course of open-field radiotherapy is necessary to control tumor growth fully after a grid therapy.

Zhang Hualin [Department of Radiation Medicine, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH (United States)], E-mail: zhang.568@osu.edu; Wang, Jian Z.; Mayr, Nina; Kong Xiang; Yuan Jiankui; Gupta, Nilendu; Lo, Simon; Grecula, John; Montebello, Joseph; Martin, Douglas [Department of Radiation Medicine, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH (United States); Yuh, William [Department of Radiology, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH (United States)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fifty-nine conventional fuel-saving" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

DOE cost comparison study: industrial fluidized bed combustion vs conventional coal technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study compares the capital and operating costs of two different industrial boiler technologies, each producing 250,000 lbs steam/hr: Fluidized Bed Combustion (FBC) and Pulverized Coal (PC) combustion used in conjunction with a limestone Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD) system. Three separate turnkey plant designs have been completed. Two of these plant designs incorporate FBC technology and have been designated FBA-16 and FBV-16. The first FBC design (FBA-16) contains two shop assembled, rail-shippable, fluid-bed boilers capable of producing 125,000 lbs/h each. The second plant design (FBV-16) utilizes a single fluid bed boiler shipped by rail in large sections for field assembly. This single unit is capable of producing 250,000 lbs/h. The third plant design utilizes a conventional pulverized coal (PC) boiler used in conjunction with a C-E Air Quaity Control System (AQCS) limestone scrubber. The FBA-16 and FBV-16 fluid bed designs were found to be competitive with the conventional unit. Capital costs were generated for the three turnkey plant designs just described. The FBA-16, FBV-16, and Conventional Unit plant designs have associated capital costs of $24.4, $22.8, and $24.7 million, respectively. A substantial cost reduction can be realized for plant capacities less than 180,000 lbs steam/h by incorporating a single FBA-16 type boiler. The operating costs for the bed designs are close enough to be considered similar when considering the nature of the study. The efficiency of the fluid bed plant designs can be increased and required capital equipment reduced by improvements to the plant design. Some potential design modifications are outlined. Extensive design and background research was prformed to increase the validity and relevance of this report.

Myrick, D.T.

1980-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

282

Source effects in analyzer-based X-ray phase contrast imaging with conventional sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several recent papers have shown the implementation of analyzer based X-ray phase contrast imaging (ABI) with conventional X-ray sources. The high flux is always a requirement to make the technique useful for bio-medical applications. Here, we present and discuss three important parameters, which need to be taken into account, when searching for the high flux ABI: anisotropic magnification, double image, and source size spread due to intrinsic dispersive diffraction by asymmetrically cut crystals. These parameters, if not well optimized, may cause important features in the acquired images which can mislead the interpretation. A few ways to minimize these effects are implemented and discussed, including some experimental results.

Hoennicke, M. G. [Universidade Federal da Integracao Latino-Americana, 85867-970 Foz do Iguacu, PR (Brazil); Manica, J. [Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Parana, 85867-970 Foz do Iguacu, PR (Brazil); Mazzaro, I.; Cusatis, C. [LORXI, Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Parana, Caixa Postal 19091, 81531-990 Curitiba, PR (Brazil); Huang, X.-R. [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

283

Uptake of heavy metals from aqueous solution by non-conventional adsorbents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present study investigates the removal of chromium and copper metal ions from aqueous solution using non-conventional adsorbents such as modified tree barks of acacia arabica (babul) and hardwickia binnata (aajan). In this study the influence of pH, initial sorbate concentration, contact time, adsorbent dose and particle size was investigated. Maximum adsorption for both the metals was found to occur at pH 5. The process of uptake followed first-order adsorption rate expression and obeyed Langmuir and Freundlich models of adsorption. The Langmuir isotherms are best fitted as compared to Freundlich isotherms for the adsorbents studied.

S.J. Patil; A.G. Bhole; G.S. Natarajan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Modelling the costs of non-conventional oil: A case study of Canadian bitumen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

90% of world extra-heavy oil resources in place occur in Venezuela. Major oil shale resources are in China, Estonia, the United States, Australia, and Jordan, (UNDP, 2000 p141). World coal resources in place are estimated at over 20 trillion barrels... than those which would be produced by burning the total estimated resource base of conventional oil and gas: It implies that even the more ambitious targets for stabilising the atmosphere are not necessarily inconsistent with using all the gas and oil...

Mjean, A; Hope, Chris

285

Workover well control. Part 3. Conventional rigs, snubbing units handle a variety of workover jobs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The conventional rig, the most widely used rig for workovers, performs several common functions: tripping in and out of the hole, rotating the work string, and circulating fluid. Its primary component groups are the derrick, hoisting systems, rotary tools, circulating systems, and tubular goods. Rig sizing depends on the job requirements; the typical workover rig is a small-capacity, single unit used for concentric work. A workover rig's most important feature is its portability; compartmentalizing the rig permits transporting it offshore in packages smaller than 8000 lb and allows small cranes to replace derrick barges for loading operations.

Adams, N.

1981-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

286

Protein folding and non-conventional drug design: a primer for nuclear structure physicists  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Some of the paradigms emerging from the study of the phenomena of phase transitions in finite many-body systems, like e.g. the atomic nucleus can be used at profit to solve the protein folding problem within the framework of simple (although not oversimplified) models. From this solution a paradigm emerges for the design of non-conventional drugs, which inhibit enzymatic action without inducing resistance (mutations). The application of these concepts to the design of an inhibitor to the HIV-protease central in the life cycle of the HIV virus is discussed.

Broglia, R.A. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Milano, Via Celoria 16, I-20133 Milan (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Milano, Via Celoria 16, I-20133 Milan (Italy); Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, 2100 Copenhagen (Denmark); Tiana, G.; Provasi, D. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Milano, Via Celoria 16, I-20133 Milan (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Milano, Via Celoria 16, I-20133 Milan (Italy)

2004-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

287

Comparative Study of Performance and Combustion Characteristics of Conventional and Low Heat Rejection (Mullite Coated) Diesel Engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tests were performed on a single cylinder, four stroke, direct injection, diesel engine whose piston crown, cylinder head and valves were coated with a 0.5 mm thickness of 3Al2O32SiO2 (mullite) (Al2O3 = 60%, SiO2 = 40%) over a 150 ?m thickness of NiCrAlY bond coat. The working conditions for the conventional engine (without coating) and LHR (mullite coated) engine were kept exactly same to ensure a comparison between the two configurations of the engine. This paper is intended to emphasis on performance and combustion characteristics of conventional and LHR (Mullite coated) diesel engines under identical conditions. Tests were carried out at same operational constraints i.e. air-fuel ratio and engine speed conditions for both conventional engine (without coating) and LHR (mullite coated) engines. The results showed that, there was as much as 1.8 % increasing on brake power for LHR (mullite coated) engine compared to conventional engine (without coating) at full load The average decrease in brake specific fuel consumption in the LHR engine compared with the conventional engine was 1.76 % for full engine load. However, there was increasing on cylinder gas pressure and net heat release rate for LHR engine compared to conventional engine. Also the results revealed that, there was as much as 22% increasing on exhaust gas temperature for LHR engine compared to conventional engine at full engine load.

S B Patond; S A Chaple; P N Shrirao; P I Shaikh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

The LBNO long-baseline oscillation sensitivities with two conventional neutrino beams at different baselines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The proposed Long Baseline Neutrino Observatory (LBNO) initially consists of $\\sim 20$ kton liquid double phase TPC complemented by a magnetised iron calorimeter, to be installed at the Pyh\\"asalmi mine, at a distance of 2300 km from CERN. The conventional neutrino beam is produced by 400 GeV protons accelerated at the SPS accelerator delivering 700 kW of power. The long baseline provides a unique opportunity to study neutrino flavour oscillations over their 1st and 2nd oscillation maxima exploring the $L/E$ behaviour, and distinguishing effects arising from $\\delta_{CP}$ and matter. In this paper we show how this comprehensive physics case can be further enhanced and complemented if a neutrino beam produced at the Protvino IHEP accelerator complex, at a distance of 1160 km, and with modest power of 450 kW is aimed towards the same far detectors. We show that the coupling of two independent sub-MW conventional neutrino and antineutrino beams at different baselines from CERN and Protvino will allow to measure ...

:,; Agostino, L; Aittola, M; Alekou, A; Andrieu, B; Antoniou, F; Asfandiyarov, R; Autiero, D; Bsida, O; Balik, A; Ballett, P; Bandac, I; Banerjee, D; Bartmann, W; Bay, F; Biskup, B; Blebea-Apostu, A M; Blondel, A; Bogomilov, M; Bolognesi, S; Borriello, E; Brancus, I; Bravar, A; Buizza-Avanzini, M; Caiulo, D; Calin, M; Calviani, M; Campanelli, M; Cantini, C; Cata-Danil, G; Chakraborty, S; Charitonidis, N; Chaussard, L; Chesneanu, D; Chipesiu, F; Crivelli, P; Dawson, J; De Bonis, I; Declais, Y; Sanchez, P Del Amo; Delbart, A; Di Luise, S; Duchesneau, D; Dumarchez, J; Efthymiopoulos, I; Eliseev, A; Emery, S; Enqvist, T; Enqvist, K; Epprecht, L; Erykalov, A N; Esanu, T; Franco, D; Friend, M; Galymov, V; Gavrilov, G; Gendotti, A; Giganti, C; Gilardoni, S; Goddard, B; Gomoiu, C M; Gornushkin, Y A; Gorodetzky, P; Haesler, A; Hasegawa, T; Horikawa, S; Huitu, K; Izmaylov, A; Jipa, A; Kainulainen, K; Karadzhov, Y; Khabibullin, M; Khotjantsev, A; Kopylov, A N; Korzenev, A; Kosyanenko, S; Kryn, D; Kudenko, Y; Kuusiniemi, P; Lazanu, I; Lazaridis, C; Levy, J -M; Loo, K; Maalampi, J; Margineanu, R M; Marteau, J; Martin-Mari, C; Matveev, V; Mazzucato, E; Mefodiev, A; Mineev, O; Mirizzi, A; Mitrica, B; Murphy, S; Nakadaira, T; Narita, S; Nesterenko, D A; Nguyen, K; Nikolics, K; Noah, E; Novikov, Yu; Oprima, A; Osborne, J; Ovsyannikova, T; Papaphilippou, Y; Pascoli, S; Patzak, T; Pectu, M; Pennacchio, E; Periale, L; Pessard, H; Popov, B; Ravonel, M; Rayner, M; Resnati, F; Ristea, O; Robert, A; Rubbia, A; Rummukainen, K; Saftoiu, A; Sakashita, K; Sanchez-Galan, F; Sarkamo, J; Saviano, N; Scantamburlo, E; Sergiampietri, F; Sgalaberna, D; Shaposhnikova, E; Slupecki, M; Smargianaki, D; Stanca, D; Steerenberg, R; Sterian, A R; Sterian, P; Stoica, S; Strabel, C; Suhonen, J; Suvorov, V; Toma, G; Tonazzo, A; Trzaska, W H; Tsenov, R; Tuominen, K; Valram, M; Vankova-Kirilova, G; Vannucci, F; Vasseur, G; Velotti, F; Velten, P; Venturi, V; Viant, T; Vihonen, S; Vincke, H; Vorobyev, A; Weber, A; Wu, S; Yershov, N; Zambelli, L; Zito, M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Grande Ronde Basin Chinook Salmon Captive Brood and Conventional Supplementation Programs, 2002 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Endangered Species Permit Number 1011 (formerly Permit No. 973) authorizes ODFW to take listed spring chinook salmon juveniles from Catherine Creek (CC), Lostine River (LR) and Grande Ronde River (GR) for research and enhancement purposes. Modification 2 of this permit authorizes ODFW to take adults for spawning and the production and release of smolts for the Captive and Conventional broodstock programs. This report satisfies the requirement that an annual report be submitted. Herein we report on activities conducted and provide cursory data analyses for the Grande Ronde spring chinook salmon Captive and Conventional broodstock projects from 1 January-31 December 2002. The Grande Ronde Basin Spring Chinook Salmon Captive Broodstock Project is designed to rapidly increase numbers of salmon in stocks that are in imminent danger of extirpation. Parr are captured in Catherine Creek, upper Grande Ronde River and Lostine River and reared to adulthood in captivity. Upon maturation, they are spawned (within stocks) and their progeny reared to smoltification before being released into the natal stream of their parents. This program is co-managed by ODFW, National Marine Fisheries Service, the Nez Perce Tribe and Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation.

Carmichael, Richard W. (Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, La Grande, OR)

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Comparison of soil washing using conventional surfactant solutions and colloidal gas aphron suspensions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Surfactants have proven to be an effective way of augmenting the removal and mobilization of organics from contaminated soil. A more recent and innovative technology to aid the removal of contaminants from soil is the use of colloidal gas aphron (CGA) suspensions. The performance of CGAs and surfactant solutions in washing soils contaminated with 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D) was investigated and compared with the process of washing soils with aqueous solutions of surfactants as in conventional surfactant flushing. In general it was observed that there was no significant difference in the performance of the two processes of soil washing for a highly soluble compound like 2,4-D. However, the surfactant consumption per gram of 2,4-D recovered from the soil was higher for conventional washing than for CGA solutions. CGAs also had a significant advantage over surfactant solutions in that at low flow rates, the pumping of CGAs showed lower pressure drops across the soil column.

Roy, D.; Valsaraj, K.T.; Tamayo, A. (Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge (United States))

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Future treaties: A proposed framework for verifying the reduction of conventional forces in Europe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report was prepared at the request of the US Department of Energy's Office of Arms Control to determine the implications of future treaties for the activities of the Department. It provides background on the negotiations on reduction of conventional forces in Europe (CFE) and, using the initial negotiating positions of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) alliance, develops a framework for verifying a postulated treaty. This framework identifies the main elements of one approach to verification as a way to generate discussion of the problem as a whole. Stemming from this verification scheme is a discussion of the technologies needed to verify the postulated treaty provisions. Finally, a section is devoted to possible implications that the reduction of CFE could have for the US Department of Energy (DOE) and, more specifically, for the Office of Arms Control (OAC). This report was developed separately from NATO and US government efforts and neither draws on their efforts nor represents the policy or views of NATO, the US government or DOE. This report does draw on the author's 30 years of experience in the US Army, working with the NATO organization and with the conventional forces of the United States, its allies, and the Warsaw Treaty Organization. 11 refs., 2 figs.

Houser, G.M.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

SAFT-UT utilities: Guide to SAFT-UT principles and conventions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This guide, the Guide to SAFT-UT (Synthetic Aperture Focusing Technique-Ultrasonic Testing), Principles and Conventions, is intended to provide the user with an overall background for practical implementation of SAFT-UT and the associated software utilities. It is not intended to exhaustively cover each related item, but rather to supply information from theory and experience that will assist the serious user in exploiting the robust nature of the SAFT technology. Chapter 1 gives an introductory overview from a historical perspective, emphasizing the need to maintain data integrity throughout the SAFT-UT imaging process. Chapter 2 includes a theoretical description of the Three SAFT-UT configurations currently being supported (single transducer pulse-echo, TSAFT, and TSAFT-2). A general description of the software tools is given in Chapter 3. It describes the major utilities and the general use of each one. Chapter 4 deals with the system resolution and sampling demands of SAFT-UT. A discussion of the strengths and limitations of the SAFT technique is provided in Chapter 5. The scanning conventions assumed throughout the implementation of the SAFT-UT utilities are detailed in Chapter 6. Chapter 7 lists an exhaustive supply of references for the user desiring to investigate the SAFT technology further. 26 refs., 19 figs.

Hall, T.E.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1. Comparison of operating and incremental costs of battery electric vehicles 1. Comparison of operating and incremental costs of battery electric vehicles and conventional gasoline vehicles Characteristics Hybrid electric vehicle (Prius) Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (Volt) Plug-in electric vehicle (Leaf) Fuel efficiency (mpg equivalent) 45 38 (charge-sustaining mode) 94 (charge-depleting mode) 99 (charge-depleting mode) Annual vehicle miles traveled 12,500 Percent vehicle miles traveled electric only 0 58 100 Fuel savings vs. conventional gasoline ICE vehicle (at $3.50 per gallon)a $1,169 $2,036 $3,314 Fuel savings vs. conventional gasoline ICE vehicle (at $6.00 per gallon)a $2,004 $4,340 $7,071 Incremental vehicle cost (2010 dollars) relative to cost of 35-mpg conventional gasoline ICE vehicleb $7,000 $20,000 $20,000

294

A review of "The Senses in Religious Communities, 1600-1800: Early Modern 'Convents of Pleasure'" by Nicky Hallett  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of religious paradoxes: there is unity in diversity. Nicky Hallett. The Senses in Religious Communities, 1600-1800: Early Modern Convents of Pleasure. Farnham, Surrey, England: Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2013. xii+249. $109.95. Review by elena levy...

Levy-Navarro, Elena

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Biomass Gasification-Based Syngas Production for a Conventional Oxo Synthesis PlantProcess Modeling, Integration Opportunities, and Thermodynamic Performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biomass Gasification-Based Syngas Production for a Conventional Oxo Synthesis PlantProcess Modeling, Integration Opportunities, and Thermodynamic Performance ... A small amount of steam (0.4 ktony1) is used to control the burner temperature. ...

Maria Arvidsson; Matteo Morandin; Simon Harvey

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

296

Cotton Insect Pests and Natural Enemies in Conventional and Conservation Tillage Systems at AG-CARES, Lamesa, TX, 2003.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TITLE: Cotton Insect Pests and Natural Enemies in Conventional and Conservation Tillage Systems Research Scientist, Research Associate, Graduate Research Assistants (TAES). INTRODUCTION: Cotton aided to sustainable cotton production in Texas. Adoption of the minimum tillage (conservation tillage

Mukhtar, Saqib

297

Potential errors in conventional DOT measurement techniques in shake flasks and verification using a rotating flexitube optical sensor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dissolved oxygen tension (DOT) is an important parameter for evaluating a bioprocess. Conventional means to measure DOT in shake flasks using fixed Clark-type electrodes immersed in the bulk liquid are problem...

Sven Hansen; Frank Kensy; Andreas Kser; Jochen Bchs

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Fate and removal of pharmaceuticals and illicit drugs in conventional and membrane bioreactor wastewater treatment plants and by riverbank filtration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...chemical contaminants in water and wastewater' compiled and edited by Michael...antibiotics in conventional and advanced wastewater treatment: implications for environmental discharge and wastewater recycling. Water Res. 41, 4164-4176...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Comparison of Conventional Diesel and Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI) Combustion in a Light-Duty Engine  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

CFD modeling was used to compare conventional diesel and dual-fuel Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition combustion at US Tier 2 Bin 5 NOx levels, while accounting for Diesel Exhaust Fluid needed to meet NOx constraints with aftertreatment.

300

Computed dental radiography system versus conventional dental X-ray films for detection of simulated proximal caries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The diagnostic accuracy of intraoral images obtained with a first generation Computed Dental Radiography (CDR) digital dental imaging system is compared with the diagnostic accuracy of conventional dental x-ra...

Mamoru Wakoh D.D.S.; Ph.D.; Hiromi Kitagawa D.D.S.; Ph.D.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fifty-nine conventional fuel-saving" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Analysis of differences in productivity, profitability and soil fertility between organic and conventional cropping systems in the (sub)tropics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Organic farming, which aims at increasing soil fertility by avoiding synthetic inputs and using locally available natural resources, is regarded as a sustainable alternative to conventional farming because it ensures ...

te Pas, Caroline M.

2011-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

302

Postacceleration Of Laser-Generated High Energy Protons Through Conventional Accelerator Linacs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The post-acceleration of laser-generated protons through conventional drift tube linear accelerators has been simulated with the particle code Parmela. The proton source is generated on the rear surface of a target irradiated by an high-intensity (10{sup 19} W{center_dot}cm{sup -2}) short-pulse (350 fs) laser and focused by a microlens that allows selecting collimated protons at 7{+-}0.1 MeV with rms unnormalized emittance of 0.180 mm.mrad. The simulations show that protons can be accelerated by one drift tube linac tank to more than 14 MeV with unnormalized emittance growth of 8 in x and 22.6 in y directions when considering a total proton charge of 0.112 mA. This result shows for the first time that coupling between laser-plasma accelerators with traditional accelerators is possible, allowing a luminosity gain for the final beam.

Fuchs, Julien; Audebert, Patrick [Laboratoire pour l'Utilisation des Lasers Intenses, UMR 7605 CNRS-CEA-Ecole Polytechnique-Universite Paris VI, Palaiseau (France); Antici, Patrizio [Laboratoire pour l'Utilisation des Lasers Intenses, UMR 7605 CNRS-CEA-Ecole Polytechnique-Universite Paris VI, Palaiseau (France); Dipartimento di Energetica, Universita di Roma 'La Sapienza', Via Scarpa 14-16, 00165 Roma (Italy); Fazi, Mauro; Migliorati, Mauro; Palumbo, Luigi [Dipartimento di Energetica, Universita di Roma 'La Sapienza', Via Scarpa 14-16, 00165 Roma (Italy); Lombardi, Augusto [ATreP via Perini 181, 38100, Trento (Italy)

2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

303

Energy Saving in Conventional and Unconventional Batch Reactive Distillation: Application to Hydrolysis of Methyl Lactate System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this work, energy consumption in a middle vessel batch reactive distillation (MVBRD) column is considered for the production of lactic acid via hydrolysis of methyl lactate. A dynamic optimization problem incorporating a process model is formulated to minimize the batch time which consequently minimizes the total energy consumption. The problem is subject to constraints on the amount and purity of lactic acid. The optimisation variables are reflux ratio and/or reboil ratio which are treated as piecewise constant. The earlier work of the authors on energy consumption in conventional batch reactive distillation column (CBRD) for the same reaction system is used for comparative analysis with the energy consumption in MVBRD. As an example, for a given separation task, the optimization results show that MVBRD is capable of saving over 23% energy compared to energy consumption in CBRD column for the same task.

Elmahboub A. Edreder; Mansour Emtir; Iqbal M. Mujtaba

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Experiments and analysis for large conventional fast reactors in ZPPR-18/19  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experiments in ZPPR 18 and 19 provided physics data for large (1100 MWe) conventional LMRs. Measurements focused on the spatial distributions of fission rates and control worths. Experimental results were obtained for the fundamental to first-harmonic eigenvalue separation. In the outer core of ZPPR-18, fuel was arranged in sectors with uranium about the y axis and plutonium about the x axis. In ZPPR-19, the fuel was rearranged to give a uniform outer core distribution. Fission rate C/E values were essentially invariant with radius through the plutonium zones. The control worth C/E values were influences by their proximity to the uranium sectors. 10 refs., 5 figs., 6 tabs.

Brumbach, S.B.; Collins, P.J.; Carpenter, S.G.; Grasseschi, G.L.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Dynamics and control of a heterogeneous azeotropic distillation column: Conventional control approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, bifurcation analysis and dynamic simulation were used to investigate the optimum conventional control strategy of an isopropyl alcohol (IPA), cyclohexane (CyH), and water (H{sub 2}O) heterogeneous azeotropic column. Steady-state process analysis shows that the optimal operation point should be located at a critical reflux, a transition point at which the distillation path switches from a route that passes through the IPA + H{sub 2}O azeotrope to one that passes through the IPA + CyH azeotrope. A good control strategy must be able to maintain a steady column temperature profile that shows a plateau near 70 C to ensure passage around the IPA + CyH azeotrope. An inverse double-loop control strategy is proposed based on principal component analysis. This scheme is capable of maintaining the desired column temperature profile given all kinds of feed disturbances, thus keeping the product IPA purity at the desired level.

Chien, I.L. [National Taiwan Univ. of Science and Technology, Taipei (Taiwan, Province of China). Dept. of Chemical Engineering; Wang, C.J.; Wong, D.S.H. [National Tsing Hua Univ., Hsinchu (Taiwan, Province of China). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Emission characteristics of GTL fuel as an alternative to conventional marine gas oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The study examine the gaseous, smoke and particulate matter emission characteristics of a turbocharged heavy-duty diesel engine operated on conventional marine gas oil and gas-to-liquid FischerTropsch fuel under modes of propulsion and generator operation. The gas-to-liquid showed average reductions up to 19% in nitrogen oxides, 25% in carbon monoxide, 4% in carbon dioxide and 30% in smoke with slight increase in unburned hydrocarbon emissions. Particulate number concentrations for gas-to-liquid were up to 21% higher, whereas particulates mass showed a 16% decrease at medium and high loads, while increasing by 1215% under lower load conditions. Very low aromatic content of gas-to-liquid fuel and nearly zero sulfur level are responsible for particulate reduction.

Sergey Ushakov; Nadine G.M. Halvorsen; Harald Valland; Dag H. Williksen; Vilmar sy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Comparison of reliability performance of group connected and conventional HVDC transmission systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A group connected HVDC transmission scheme is a variant of the unit connection where instead of a single generator, a group of generators are directly connected to the converter. Studies conducted in the past indicated that significant cost reduction can be achieved using this scheme. This is mainly due to the elimination of many components which results in considerable capital and operating cost savings to the utility. Concerns regarding the reliability performance of unit connected schemes were raised, however, there has not been a detailed reliability study conducted. This paper addresses the reliability evaluation aspect of a group connected scheme and compares the reliability performance of the group connected scheme with that of the conventional common collector system. Reliability models for both schemes were developed using a hypothetical system model based on the Nelson River system. Practical system component outage data was used to examine the reliability performance of both schemes.

Kuruganty, S. [Univ. of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering] [Univ. of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Is Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle with Carbon Capture-Storage the Solution for Conventional Coal Power Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering Management Field Project Is Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle with Carbon Capture-Storage the Solution for Conventional Coal Power Plants By Manish Kundi Fall Semester, 2011 An EMGT Field Project report... 2.4 Environmental Aspects-Emissions 23 3.0 Procedure & Methodology 3.1 Working technology Conventional Coal Plants 30 3.2 Working technology IGCC Power Plants 32 3.3 Carbon Capture and Storage 35 3...

Kundi, Manish

2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

309

Case studies in magnetics and ground penetrating radar, Shreveport Convention Center, Shreveport, LA and Yankee Boy Rock Glacier, Ouray, CO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CASE STUDIES IN MAGNETICS AND GROUND PENETRATING RADAR, SHREVEPORT CONVENTION CENTER, SHREVEPORT, LA AND YANKEE BOY ROCK GLACIER, OURAY, CO A Thesis by CARL J. PIERCE, JR Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2002 Major Subject: Geophysics CASE STUDIES IN MAGNETICS AND GROUND PENETRATING RADAR, SHREVEPORT CONVENTION CENTER, SHREVEPORT, LA AND YANKEE BOY ROCK GLACIER...

Pierce, Carl J

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

310

A review of "Nuns Chronicles and Convent Culture in Renaissance and Counter-Reformation Italy." by K. J. P. Lowe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

150 SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS Women?s writing scholars and English drama historians will benefit from her study. K. J. P. Lowe. Nuns? Chronicles and Convent Culture in Renaissance and Counter- Reformation Italy. Cambridge: Cambridge University... Press, 2003. xvi + 437 pp. + 42 illus. $90.00. Review by THOMAS WORCESTER, COLLEGE OF THE HOLY CROSS. Vernacular chronicles of three convents form the basis of this study: Santa Maria delle Vergini (Venice), known as Le Vergini; Santa Maria...

Thomas Worcester

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Upgrading of low-rank coals for conventional and advanced combustion systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Low-rank coals, subbituminous, lignitic, and brown coals, have a ubiquitous presence in the world, being found in all continents. Close to half of the world`s estimated coal resources are low- rank coals. Many countries have no alternative economic source of energy. In the lower 48 states of the United States, there are 220 billion tons of economically recoverable reserves of lignite and subbituminous coal. Add to this quantity 5 trillion tons of predominantly subbituminous coal in Alaska, and the combined amount represents the largest supply of the lowest-cost fuels available for generating electric power in the United States. However, to use these coals cost-effectively and in an environmentally acceptable way, it is imperative that their properties and combustion/gasification behavior be well understood. The Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC) takes a cradle-to-grave approach (i.e., mining, precleaning, combustion/gasification, postcleaning, and reuse and disposal of residues) for all aspects of coal processing and utilization. The environmental impact of these activities must be matched with the appropriate technologies. Experience over many years has shown that variations in coal and ash properties have a critical impact on design, reliability and efficiency of operation, and environmental compliance when low-rank coals are burned in conventional systems. This chapter reviews the significant technical issues of beneficiation, which includes reduction in moisture as well as ash (including sulfur), in relation to low-rank coal properties and their impact on conventional and advanced power systems. Finally, the development and utilization of low-rank coal resources are briefly discussed in view of policy, economic, and strategic issues.

Young, B.C.; Musich, M.A.; Jones, M.L.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

312

Poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) particles prepared by microfluidics and conventional methods. Modulated particle size and rheology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractHypothesis Microfluidic techniques are expected to provide narrower particle size distribution than conventional methods for the preparation of poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microparticles. Besides, it is hypothesized that the particle size distribution of poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) microparticles influences the settling behaviour and rheological properties of its aqueous dispersions. Experiments For the preparation of PLGA particles, two different methods, microfluidic and conventional oil-in-water emulsification methods were employed. The particle size and particle size distribution of PLGA particles prepared by microfluidics were studied as a function of the flow rate of the organic phase while particles prepared by conventional methods were studied as a function of stirring rate. In order to study the stability and structural organization of colloidal dispersions, settling experiments and oscillatory rheological measurements were carried out on aqueous dispersions of PLGA particles with different particle size distributions. Findings Microfluidics technique allowed the control of size and size distribution of the droplets formed in the process of emulsification. This resulted in a narrower particle size distribution for samples prepared by MF with respect to samples prepared by conventional methods. Polydisperse samples showed a larger tendency to aggregate, thus confirming the advantages of microfluidics over conventional methods, especially if biomedical applications are envisaged

Aurora Perez; Rebeca Hernandez; Diego Velasco; Dan Voicu; Carmen Mijangos

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Challenges and Potential Solutions for Reducing Climate Control Loads in Conventional and Hybrid Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory, a U.S. Department of Energy national laboratory, is collaborating with U.S. automotive manufacturers to develop innovative techniques to reduce national fuel consumption and vehicle tailpipe emissions by reducing vehicle climate control loads. A new U.S. emissions test, the Supplemental Federal Test Procedure (SFTP), will soon begin measuring tailpipe emissions with the air conditioning system operating. Modeled results show that emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and carbon monoxide (CO) more than double during the air conditioning part of the SFTP. Reducing the transmittance of the glazing can have a greater impact on the cabin soak temperature than ventilating the vehicle during a hot soak. Reducing the amount of outside air can decrease cooling and heating loads but requires that the recirculated air be cleaned. We discuss a photocatalytic oxidation air-cleaning process for removing volatile organic compounds and bioareosols. We conclude with an example of modeling the thermal comfort of the occupants. An auxiliary load increase of only 400 Watts (W) results in a 0.4 km/L (1 mpg) decrease for a conventional 11.9-L/100-km (28-mpg) vehicle. If every vehicle in the United States were to save only 0.4 km/L (1 mpg), $4 billion (U.S. dollars) would be saved annually in gasoline and oil costs. Further information can be found at http://www.ctts.nrel.gov/auxload.html.

Farrington, R.B., Anderson, R., Blake, D.M., Burch, S.D.; Cuddy, M.R., Keyser, M.A., Rugh, J.P.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Modelling the Fate of Sulphur During Pulverized Coal Combustion under Conventional and Oxy-fuel Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Focus of the present study is on the fate of sulphur during coal combustion and modelling of the corresponding \\{SOx\\} formation mechanisms. The sulphur chemistry during coal combustion in general is briefly described and potential effects of the oxy-fuel conditions are explained. Details about the developed sulphur chemistry model which covers both heterogeneous and homogeneous reaction pathways are given. The model describes the sulphur transformation in a sequence of stages: the release of coal-bound sulphur, gas phase reactions of sulphuric species, and self-retention of sulphur oxides by coal ash. The model is evaluated against experimental data from IFK's semi-industrial scale furnace (500 kWth) firing lignite at conventional and oxy-fuel combustion conditions. Four reference cases are considered, i.e. air and oxy-fuel mode in both non-staged and staged operation. Based on the results from the basic combustion simulation with AIOLOS, the sulphur chemistry model has been applied in a subsequent post-processing step. The sulphur related results show that the general trends regarding the species concentrations may be predicted correctly. The specific characteristics and the effect of oxy-fuel conditions and oxidant staging are captured correspondingly within the simulation results. Yet, certain deficiencies concerning the quantitative prediction could be identified which necessitate further investigations.

Michael Mller; Uwe Schnell; Gnter Scheffknecht

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Detailed thermal performance data on conventional and highly insulating window systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Data on window heat-transfer properties (U-value and shading coefficient (SC)) are usually presented only for a few window designs at specific environmental conditions. With the introduction of many new window glazing configurations (using low-emissivity coatings and gas fills) and the interest in their annual energy performance, it is important to understand the effects of window design parameters and environmental conditions on U and SC. This paper discusses the effects of outdoor temperature, wind speed, insolation, surface emittance, and gap width on the thermal performance of both conventional and highly insulating windows. Some of these data have been incorporated into the fenestration chapter of the ''ASHRAE Handbook - 1985 Fundamentals.'' The heat-transfer properties of multiglazed insulating window designs are also presented. These window systems include those having (1) one or more low-emittance coatings; (2) low-conductivity gas-fill or evacuated cavities; (3) a layer of transparent silica aerogel, a highly insulating microporous material; or (4) combinations of the above. Using the detailed building energy analysis program, DOE 2.1B, we show that these systems, which all maintain high solar transmittance, can add more useful thermal energy to a space than they lose, even in a northern climate. Thus, in terms of seasonal energy flows, these fenestration systems out-perform insulated walls or roofs.

Arasteh, D.; Selkowitz, S.; Hartmann, J.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Wind energy integration into future energy systems based on conventional plants The case study of Croatia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Croatian energy system is currently highly import-dependent and integration of a high share of renewable energy sources needs to be considered. This paper studies eight scenarios; three proposed by the Croatian Energy Strategy, one proposed by the Indicative medium-term development plan of Croatias Transmission System Operator, and four alternative scenarios that propose extensive construction of hydro, wind and solar power plants in Croatia. Calculations have been conducted in the EnergyPLAN model based on modeled long term energy demand projections in the NeD model, with 2009 as the base year and a scope ranging until the year 2030. Each of the eight proposed scenarios is observed through different hydrological conditions while analyzing import dependency, economic costs and CO2 emissions. After the initial calculations, additional analysis of intensive wind power penetration has been conducted. The Results show that energy systems with a larger share of conventional and nonflexible power plants have more difficulty adjusting to wind power plants production. In case of a high share penetration of wind in a system based upon such power plants, the feasibility of investing in new large combustion plants that will spend most of the time working on minimum capacity is brought into question.

Tin Cerovac; Boris ?osi?; Tomislav Pukec; Neven Dui?

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

TO THE 1979 CONVENTION ON LONG-RANGE TRANSBOUNDARY AIR POLLUTION ON HEAVY METALS The Parties,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Determined to implement the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution, Concerned that emissions of certain heavy metals are transported across national boundaries and may cause damage to ecosystems of environmental and economic importance and may have harmful effects on human health, Considering that combustion and industrial processes are the predominant anthropogenic sources of emissions of heavy metals into the atmosphere, Acknowledging that heavy metals are natural constituents of the Earth's crust and that many heavy metals in certain forms and appropriate concentrations are essential to life, Taking into consideration existing scientific and technical data on the emissions, geochemical processes, atmospheric transport and effects on human health and the environment of heavy metals, as well as on abatement techniques and costs, Aware that techniques and management practices are available to reduce air pollution caused by the emissions of heavy metals, Recognizing that countries in the region of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) have different economic conditions, and that in certain countries the economies are in transition,

unknown authors

318

Utility of tactical nuclear weapons following 1990 Conventional Forces Europe reduction agreement. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Not so long ago, the world was changing rapidly, the Cold War faded. At least one arms agreement, the Intermediate Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, which reduced the U.S. Pershing II and the Russian SS-21's missiles in the European theater, was in place. Then the euphoria evaporated. The Kremlin hardliners regained power and balked at signing a Conventional Forces Europe (CFE) agreement - a treaty which only a year ago would have reduced to approximate parity the size of United States and Soviet Forces in Europe. Was America ready for this new Soviet challenge. Thankfully the answer is still yes. The United States continues to maintain its Nuclear Triad -- land, sea and air deliverable nuclear weapons system's. On the European battlefield the U.S. maintains the ability to deliver tactical nuclear weapons to overcome the Russian Army's numerical advantage and remain responsive to the ground commander. All of this should give Kremlin hardliners (strict communist power brokers, primarily in the military and KGB) reason to pause. Given the reemergence of hostile Soviet leaders, this paper addresses the future need for land based Theater Army delivered tactical nuclear weapons in the European Theater and within Regional Theaters. It also, analyzes regional powers, indicating how they might influence nuclear strategy in a world where the Soviet Union may well be moving away from us again.

Keating, A.J.

1991-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

319

Decisions to reduce greenhouse gases from agriculture and product transport: LCA case study of organic and conventional wheat  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A streamlined hybrid life cycle assessment is conducted to compare the global warming potential (GWP) and primary energy use of conventional and organic wheat production and delivery in the US. Impact differences from agricultural inputs, grain farming, and transport processes are estimated. The GWP of a 1kg loaf of organic wheat bread is about 30g CO2-eq less than the conventional loaf. When organic wheat is shipped 420km farther to market, organic and conventional wheat systems have similar impacts. These results can change dramatically depending on soil carbon accumulation and nitrous oxide emissions from the two systems. Key parameters and their variability are discussed to provide producers, wholesale and retail consumers, and policymakers metrics to align their decisions with low-carbon objectives.

Kyle Meisterling; Constantine Samaras; Vanessa Schweizer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Indirect Benefits (Increased Roof Life and HVAC Savings) from a Solar PV System at the San Jos Convention Center  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The City of San Jos is considering the installation of a solar photovoltaic (PV) system on the roof of the San Jos Convention Center. The installation would be on a lower section of the roof covering approximately 21,000 ft2. To assist city staff in making a decision on the PV installation, the Department of Energy Tiger Team has investigated potential indirect benefits of installing a solar PV system on the Convention Center roof. The indirect benefits include potential increase in roof life, as well as potential reduced heating and cooling load in the building due to roof shading from the PV system.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fifty-nine conventional fuel-saving" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

A COMPARISON OF THE COMMUNITY PLANNING IMPLICATIONS FOR PASSIVE SOLAR, EARTH SHELTERED AND CONVENTIONAL HIGHLY INSULATED HOUSING DEVELOPMENTS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ABSTRACT Earth sheltered, passive solar and conventional highly-insulated houses have large variations in their need for solar exposure to maintain a high energy efficiency. They also have inherent implications for the minimum spacing of units under various assumed site conditions. The effect of full solar exposure on maximum densities of prototypical earth sheltered and solar developments is presented and compared to non-solar conventional construction. The effect of ground slope angles on the densities attainable is also included in the discussion.

John C. Carmody; Raymond L. Sterling

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Engineering process and cost model for a conventional corn wet milling facility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Conventional wet milling of corn is a process designed for the recovery and purification of starch and several coproducts (germ, gluten, fiber and steep liquor). The total starch produced by the wet milling industry in the USA in 2004 equaled 21.5billionkg, including modified starches and starches used for sweeteners and ethanol production. Process engineering and cost models for a corn wet milling process (for steeping and milling facilities) have been developed for a generic processing plant with a capacity of 2.54millionkg of corn per day (100,000bu/day). The process includes grain cleaning, steeping, germ separation and recovery, fiber separation and recovery, gluten separation and recovery and starch separation. Information for the development of the models was obtained from a variety of technical sources including commercial wet milling companies, industry experts and equipment suppliers. The models were developed using process and cost simulation software (SuperPro Designer) and include processing information such as composition and flow rates of the various process streams, descriptions of the various unit operations and detailed breakdowns of the operating and capital cost of the facility. Based on the information from the model, we can estimate the cost of production per kilogram of starch using the input prices for corn and other wet milling coproducts. We have also used the model to conduct a variety of sensitivity studies utilizing modifications such as feedstock costs, corn compositional variations, and the sale of wet corn gluten feed. The model is also being used as a base-case for the development of models to test alternative processing technologies and to help in the scale-up and commercialization of new wet milling technologies. This model is available upon request from the authors for educational, non-commercial and research uses.

Edna C. Ramirez; David B. Johnston; Andrew J. McAloon; Winnie Yee; Vijay Singh

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Fish Passage Assessment of an Advanced Hydropower Turbine and Conventional Turbine Using Blade-strike Modeling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the Columbia and Snake River basins, several species of Pacific salmon were listed under the Endangered Species Act of 1973 due to significant declines of fish population. Dam operators and design engineers are thus faced with the task of making those hydroelectric facilities more ecologically friendly through changes in hydro-turbine design and operation. Public Utility District No. 2 of Grant County, Washington, applied for re-licensing from the U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to replace the 10 turbines at Wanapum Dam with advanced hydropower turbines that were designed to increase power generation and improve fish passage conditions. We applied both deterministic and stochastic blade-strike models to the newly installed turbine and an existing turbine. Modeled probabilities were compared to the results of a large-scale live fish survival study and a sensor fish study under the same operational parameters. Overall, injury rates predicted by the deterministic model were higher than experimental rates of injury while those predicted by the stochastic model were in close agreement with experiment results. Fish orientation at the time of entry into the plane of the leading edges of the turbine runner blades was an important factor contributing to uncertainty in modeled results. The advanced design turbine had slightly higher modeled injury rates than the existing turbine design; however, there was no statistical evidence that suggested significant differences in blade-strike injuries between the two turbines and the hypothesis that direct fish survival rate through the advanced hydropower turbine is equal or better than that through the conventional turbine could not be rejected.

Deng, Zhiqun; Carlson, Thomas J.; Dauble, Dennis D.; Ploskey, Gene R.

2011-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

324

CONVENTIONAL COTTON RESPONSE TO LOW RATES OF GLYPHOSATE J.W. Keeling and L.L. Lyon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONVENTIONAL COTTON RESPONSE TO LOW RATES OF GLYPHOSATE J.W. Keeling and L.L. Lyon Texas acres of upland cotton planted in the United States were Roundup Ready varieties. Because non-Roundup Ready cotton is often planted adjacent to Roundup Ready cotton, the potential for herbicide drift

Mukhtar, Saqib

325

In conventional accelerators, energy from RF electro-magnetic waves in vacuum is transformed into kinetic energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In conventional accelerators, energy from RF electro- magnetic waves in vacuum is transformed for accelerating and storing countercirculating beams of 7-TeV protons, has a stored beam energy exceeding 300 MJ. Accelerator-based light sources rely on the fact that when beams of GeV electrons interact with magnetic

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

326

assumed, with no inter-district transport.) If the conventional technology coal-fired power plant is used  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

assumed, with no inter-district transport.) If the conventional technology coal-fired power plant-fired power plant is used for comparison, then lower SO2, NOx or particulate emissions can be expected in 9 of diesel captive plants in the Mangalore division is a matter of particular concern because the division

327

ENI Renewable and Non-conventional Energy Prize 2012 High-efficiency solar cells based on nanophotonic design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the earth's crust. Their nano-solar cell technology is scalable to ultra-high volumes and may help speed up to solar cell design are applicable to other solar cell technologies as well, including thin-film CuInSe2ENI Renewable and Non-conventional Energy Prize 2012 High-efficiency solar cells based

Polman, Albert

328

Abstract --The growth of non-conventional renewable energies involves a new challenge for optimal network expansion. A better  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Abstract -- The growth of non-conventional renewable energies involves a new challenge for optimal network expansion. A better integration of renewables will be allowed by determining transmission assets necessary for a reliable, affordable and sustainable operation, and even more important

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

329

2012 IEEE 27-th Convention of Electrical and Electronics Engineers in Israel An Analysis of The Steam Community Network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Electrical Engineering Tel Aviv University Email: shavitt,noa@eng.tau.ac.il Abstract--The Steam community2012 IEEE 27-th Convention of Electrical and Electronics Engineers in Israel An Analysis of The Steam Community Network Evolution Roi Becker, Yifat Chernihov, Yuval Shavitt and Noa Zilberman School

Shavitt, Yuval

330

Guidelines for the verification and validation of expert system software and conventional software: Project summary. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This eight-volume report presents guidelines for performing verification and validation (V&V) on Artificial Intelligence (Al) systems with nuclear applications. The guidelines have much broader application than just expert systems; they are also applicable to object-oriented programming systems, rule-based systems, frame-based systems, model-based systems, neural nets, genetic algorithms, and conventional software systems. This is because many of the components of AI systems are implemented in conventional procedural programming languages, so there is no real distinction. The report examines the state of the art in verifying and validating expert systems. V&V methods traditionally applied to conventional software systems are evaluated for their applicability to expert systems. One hundred fifty-three conventional techniques are identified and evaluated. These methods are found to be useful for at least some of the components of expert systems, frame-based systems, and object-oriented systems. A taxonomy of 52 defect types and their delectability by the 153 methods is presented. With specific regard to expert systems, conventional V&V methods were found to apply well to all the components of the expert system with the exception of the knowledge base. The knowledge base requires extension of the existing methods. Several innovative static verification and validation methods for expert systems have been identified and are described here, including a method for checking the knowledge base {open_quotes}semantics{close_quotes} and a method for generating validation scenarios. Evaluation of some of these methods was performed both analytically and experimentally. A V&V methodology for expert systems is presented based on three factors: (1) a system`s judged need for V&V (based in turn on its complexity and degree of required integrity); (2) the life-cycle phase; and (3) the system component being tested.

Mirsky, S.M.; Hayes, J.E.; Miller, L.A. [Science Applications International Corp., McLean, VA (United States)

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Solar aided power generation of a 300MW lignite fired power plant combined with line-focus parabolic trough collectors field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Nowadays, conventional coal or gas fired power plants are the dominant way to generate electricity in the world. In recent years there is a growth in the field of renewable energy sources in order to avoid the threat of climate change from fossil fuel combustion. Solar energy, as an environmental friendly energy source, may be the answer to the reduction of global CO2 emissions. This paper presents the concept of Solar Aided Power Generation (SAPG), a combination of renewable and conventional energy sources technologies. The operation of the 300MW lignite fired power plant of Ptolemais integrated with a solar field of parabolic trough collectors was simulated using TRNSYS software in both power boosting and fuel saving modes. The power plant performance, power output variation, fuel consumption and CO2 emissions were calculated. Furthermore, an economic analysis was carried out for both power boosting and fuel saving modes of operation and optimum solar contribution was estimated.

G.C. Bakos; Ch. Tsechelidou

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

High-Rate Seafood Consumers near Sellafield: Comparison of Conventional Assessments of 137Cs Intakes with the Results of Whole-Body Monitoring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Radiation Protection Dosimetry Article High-Rate Seafood Consumers near Sellafield: Comparison of Conventional Assessments of 137Cs Intakes with the Results of Whole-Body Monitoring......

G.J. Hunt; D.R.P. Leonard; F.A. Fry

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Analysis of Coconut-Derived Biodiesel and Conventional Diesel Fuel Samples from the Philippines: Task 2 Final Report  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Analysis of Coconut-Derived Analysis of Coconut-Derived Biodiesel and Conventional Diesel Fuel Samples from the Philippines Task 2 Final Report T.L. Alleman and R.L. McCormick Milestone Report NREL/MP-540-38643 January 2006 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 Analysis of Coconut- Derived Biodiesel and Conventional Diesel Fuel Samples from the Philippines Task 2 Final Report T.L. Alleman and R.L. McCormick Prepared under Task Nos. WF3Y.1000 and FC02.0800 under an agreement between the U.S. Agency for International Development

334

Effects of electricity market regulations on the promotion of non-conventional energy sources in Colombia's power mix  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article investigates the regulations and incentives that hinder the development of non-conventional energy sources in Colombia. To this end, the article first discusses the environmental, health and financial benefits to be had from the application of renewable energy sources, both in general terms and in the specific Colombian context. It then describes the available energy resource potential for Colombia. The main part of the article reviews existing Colombian energy regulations related to renewable power sources and provides insights from interviews with representatives of Colombia's public and private energy sector institutions. On this basis, suggestions are made for possible regulatory reform so that Colombia can make greater use of non-conventional energy sources.

Adriana M. Valencia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Electric Vehicle Performance at McMurdo Station (Antarctica) and Comparison with McMurdo Station Conventional Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report examines the performance of two electric vehicles (EVs) at McMurdo, Antarctica (McMurdo). The study examined the performance of two e-ride Industries EVs initially delivered to McMurdo on February 16, 2011, and compared their performance and fuel use with that of conventional vehicles that have a duty cycle similar to that of the EVs used at McMurdo.

Sears, T.; Lammert, M.; Colby, K.; Walter, R.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Hypofractionation vs Conventional Radiation Therapy for Newly Diagnosed Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma: A Matched-Cohort Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Despite conventional radiation therapy, 54 Gy in single doses of 1.8 Gy (54/1.8 Gy) over 6 weeks, most children with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) will die within 1 year after diagnosis. To reduce patient burden, we investigated the role of hypofractionation radiation therapy given over 3 to 4 weeks. A 1:1 matched-cohort analysis with conventional radiation therapy was performed to assess response and survival. Methods and Materials: Twenty-seven children, aged 3 to 14, were treated according to 1 of 2 hypofractionation regimens over 3 to 4 weeks (39/3 Gy, n=16 or 44.8/2.8 Gy, n=11). All patients had symptoms for {<=}3 months, {>=}2 signs of the neurologic triad (cranial nerve deficit, ataxia, long tract signs), and characteristic features of DIPG on magnetic resonance imaging. Twenty-seven patients fulfilling the same diagnostic criteria and receiving at least 50/1.8 to 2.0 Gy were eligible for the matched-cohort analysis. Results: With hypofractionation radiation therapy, the overall survival at 6, 9, and 12 months was 74%, 44%, and 22%, respectively. Progression-free survival at 3, 6, and 9 months was 77%, 43%, and 12%, respectively. Temporary discontinuation of steroids was observed in 21 of 27 (78%) patients. No significant difference in median overall survival (9.0 vs 9.4 months; P=.84) and time to progression (5.0 vs 7.6 months; P=.24) was observed between hypofractionation vs conventional radiation therapy, respectively. Conclusions: For patients with newly diagnosed DIPG, a hypofractionation regimen, given over 3 to 4 weeks, offers equal overall survival with less treatment burden compared with a conventional regimen of 6 weeks.

Janssens, Geert O., E-mail: g.janssens@rther.umcn.nl [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Jansen, Marc H. [Pediatric Oncology/Hematology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands)] [Pediatric Oncology/Hematology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Lauwers, Selmer J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Nowak, Peter J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam (Netherlands)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Oldenburger, Foppe R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam (Netherlands)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Bouffet, Eric [Department of Hematology/Oncology, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto (Canada)] [Department of Hematology/Oncology, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto (Canada); Saran, Frank [Department of Pediatric Oncology, The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, Sutton (United Kingdom)] [Department of Pediatric Oncology, The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, Sutton (United Kingdom); Kamphuis-van Ulzen, Karin [Department of Radiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands)] [Department of Radiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Lindert, Erik J. van [Department of Neurosurgery, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands)] [Department of Neurosurgery, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Schieving, Jolanda H. [Department of Neurology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands)] [Department of Neurology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Boterberg, Tom [Department of Radiation Oncology, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent (Belgium)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent (Belgium); Kaspers, Gertjan J. [Pediatric Oncology/Hematology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands)] [Pediatric Oncology/Hematology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Span, Paul N.; Kaanders, Johannes H. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Gidding, Corrie E. [Department of Pediatric Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands)] [Department of Pediatric Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Hargrave, Darren [Department of Oncology, Great Ormond Street Hospital, London (United Kingdom)] [Department of Oncology, Great Ormond Street Hospital, London (United Kingdom)

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

2H2A Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis Models and Conventional Pathway Options Analysis Results - Interim Report  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

H2A Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis Models and H2A Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis Models and Conventional Pathway Options Analysis Results DE-FG36-05GO15032 Interim Report Nexant, Inc., Air Liquide, Argonne National Laboratory, Chevron Technology Venture, Gas Technology Institute, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, and TIAX LLC May 2008 Contents Section Page Executive Summary ................................................................................................................... 1-9 Delivery Options ...................................................................................................................... 1-9 Evaluation of Options 2 and 3 ................................................................................................. 1-9

338

Competitiveness of Wind Power with the Conventional Thermal Power Plants Using Oil and Natural Gas as Fuel in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The fossil fuels mainly imported oil and natural gas are major sources of electricity generation in Pakistan. The combustion of fossil fuels in thermal power plants has greater environmental impacts like air pollution and global warming. Additionally, the import of oil is a heavy burden on the poor economy of the country. Pakistan is a country with huge renewable sources; wind energy being the major one. This paper elucidate the cost-competitiveness of wind power with the conventional thermal power plants. In this regard, Levelized estimated cost of a 15MW wind power plant is compared with three types of conventional thermal power plants, namely (i) Oil-fired thermal power plant (ii) Natural gas-fire combine cycle power plant (iii) Diesel oil- fired gas turbine cycle 100MW each. The results show that the cost of wind energy is lowest with Rs. 3/kWh. It is concluded that the wind power is cost-competitive to the conventional thermal power plants in Pakistan. The cost estimation for wind energy is lowest of all others with Rs. 3/kWh.

A. Mengal; M.A. Uqaili; K. Harijan; Abdul Ghafoor Memon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Soil microarthropod community structure and dynamics in organic and conventionally managed apple orchards in Western Colorado, USA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We studied the influences of organic and conventional management practices on microarthropod diversity, densities, and dynamics in apple orchards on the Western Slope of Colorado. The organic orchards differed from the conventional orchards in that they used natural fertilizers (versus synthetic) and did not use insecticides and/or herbicides. Based on findings from annual agroecosystems, we hypothesized that the conventionally managed (CM) apple orchards would support a lower diversity and density of soil microarthropods than the organically managed (OM) apple orchards. We located nine sites, three OM orchards, three CM orchards, and three native sites. From each site, microarthropods were extracted from soil samples taken from June to September of 1997 and April to September of 1998. The richness and diversity of functional groups and families did not differ among the OM orchards, CM orchards and/or native sites. We did find significantly greater (P?0.05) densities of soil microarthropods early in growing season, June 1997 and April 1998, in the OM orchards in comparison to the CM orchards and native sites. Furthermore, the densities of predatory mites were significantly greater in the OM orchards in comparison to both the CM orchards and native sites on selective dates throughout the period of study. Organic management practices have increased the densities of microarthropods above those found in CM orchards and native sites. These results may be due to the interaction between a greater accumulation of plant litter and organic matter in the OM orchards and the heavy pesticide use in the CM orchards.

Jennifer L Doles; Rick J Zimmerman; John C Moore

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

A comparative study on conventional and advanced exergetic analyses of geothermal district heating systems based on actual operational data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper comparatively evaluates exergy destructions of a geothermal district heating system (GDHS) using both conventional and advanced exergetic analysis methods to identify the potential for improvement and the interactions among the components. As a real case study, the Afyon GDHS in Afyonkarahisar, Turkey, is considered based on actual operational data. For the first time, advanced exergetic analysis is applied to the GDHSs, in which the exergy destruction rate within each component is split into unavoidable/avoidable and endogenous/exogenous parts. The results indicate that the interconnections among all the components are not very strong. Thus, one should focus on how to reduce the internal inefficiency (destruction) rates of the components. The highest priority for improvement in the advanced exergetic analysis is in the re-injection pump (PM-IX), while it is the heat exchanger (HEX-III) in the conventional analysis. In addition, there is a substantial influence on the overall system as the total avoidable exergy destruction rate of the heat exchanger (HEX-V) has the highest value. On the overall system basis, the value for the conventional exergetic efficiency is determined to be 29.29% while that for the modified exergetic efficiency is calculated to be 34.46% through improving the overall components.

Arif Hepbasli; Ali Keeba?

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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341

The transboundary EIA convention in the context of private sector operations co-financed by an International Financial Institution: two case studies from Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents two case studies involving private sector, offshore, oil field developments in the Caspian Sea. Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) of these operations indicated that major and unmitigated oil spills could potentially result in transboundary impacts. Both projects were co-financed by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), an International Financial Institution (IFI). Project review and financing decision by the EBRD occurred when neither country hosting the projects was a Party to the 1991 Convention on EIA in a Transboundary Context (Espoo Convention). Discussions with government agencies during project review highlighted their limited institutional capacity to pursue transboundary notification and consultation activities. However, without being formal Parties or having clearly defined roles under the Convention, the combined presence of the EBRD, the private sector developer and its project needing financing became important drivers to promote the Espoo Convention. Surveying for similar IFI-project combinations in developing and transition economies could provide a 'bottom up' input to further optimise the Convention Secretariat's awareness raising, intervention design, and alliance-building strategies. The knowledge management model and user-friendly Web site of the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity highlight approaches that may also prove effective for the Espoo Convention.

Nazari, Mehrdad M

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Comparison of detection threshold measurements and modeling for approaching electric cars and conventional cars presented in traffic and pink noise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigates the difference in audibility of an approaching conventional car with internal combustion engine and an electric car at various velocities. The goal was to compare the risk that pedestrians do not hear the approaching car in time. Binaural recordings of each of these approaching cars were presented together with either a traffic noise masker or a pink noise masker. In the first detection experiment the threshold level was determined for which the cars could just be detected. In a second reaction time experiment the moment was determined at which the approaching car was first detectable. This measured reaction time should give an indication about how much time a person has to evade an impending collision. Results indicated that slowly approaching electric cars where less audible than cars with a conventional engine. The results also showed that the decrement of reaction times as a function of SNR was halved when pink noise was used instead of traffic noise. A psycho-acoustic masking model [Dau et al. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 99 36153622 (1996)] was applied to predict detection thresholds and showed good correspondence with the subjective data.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Comparison of detection threshold measurements and modeling for approaching electric cars and conventional cars presented in traffic and pink noise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigates the difference in audibility of an approaching conventional car with internal combustion engine and an electric car at various velocities. The goal was to compare the risk that pedestrians do not hear the approaching car in time. Binaural recordings of each of these approaching cars were presented together with either a traffic noise masker or a pink noise masker. In the first detection experiment the threshold level was determined for which the cars could just be detected. In a second reaction time experiment the moment was determined at which the approaching car was first detectable. This measured reaction time should give an indication about how much time a person has to evade an impending collision. Results indicated that slowly approaching electric cars where less audible than cars with a conventional engine. The results also showed that the decrement of reaction times as a function of SNR was halved when pink noise was used instead of traffic noise. A psycho-acoustic masking model [Dau et. al. (1996) J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 99 3615 - 3622] was applied to predict detection thresholds and showed good correspondence with the subjective data.

Julian Grosse; Reinhard Weber; Steven Van de Par

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Sample mounting and transfer for coupling an ultrahigh vacuum variable temperature beetle scanning tunneling microscope with conventional surface probes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a new ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) chamber for surface analysis and microscopy at controlled, variable temperatures. The new instrument allows surface analysis with Auger electron spectroscopy, low energy electron diffraction, quadrupole mass spectrometer, argon ion sputtering gun, and a variable temperature scanning tunneling microscope (VT-STM). In this system, we introduce a novel procedure for transferring a sample off a conventional UHV manipulator and onto a scanning tunneling microscope in the conventional ''beetle'' geometry, without disconnecting the heating or thermocouple wires. The microscope, a modified version of the Besocke beetle microscope, is mounted on a 2.75 in. outer diameter UHV flange and is directly attached to the base of the chamber. The sample is attached to a tripod sample holder that is held by the main manipulator. Under UHV conditions the tripod sample holder can be removed from the main manipulator and placed onto the STM. The VT-STM has the capability of acquiring images between the temperature range of 180--500 K. The performance of the chamber is demonstrated here by producing an ordered array of island vacancy defects on a Pt(111) surface and obtaining STM images of these defects.

Nafisi, Kourosh; Ranau, Werner; Hemminger, John C.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Sensitometric properties of Kodak Ektaspeed plus (SO-342) dental X-ray film: A comparison with other conventional dental X-ray films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Eastman Kodak Company has developed a new E-speed dental X-ray film called Ektaspeed plus. The sensitometric properties, and information yield of this film were compared with those of other conventional direct...

Mamoru Wakoh D.D.S.; Ph.D.; Allan G. Farman Ph.D. (Odont.)

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Fifth National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This Fifth United States of America (U.S.) National Report updates the Fourth Report published in October 2011, under the terms of the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on...

347

High-Throughput Identification of Bacteria and Yeast by Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry in Conventional Medical Microbiology Laboratories  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...D. J., T. R. Olma, and G. L. Gilbert. 1998. Evaluation of four methods...spectrometry in conventional medical microbiology laboratories. | Matrix-assisted laser...laboratory. | Department of Medical Microbiology, Leiden University Medical Center...

S. Q. van Veen; E. C. J. Claas; Ed J. Kuijper

2010-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

348

Kinetic modeling of pressure-assisted solvent extraction of polyphenols from green tea in comparison with the conventional extraction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the study, the kinetics of pressure-assisted solvent extraction (PSE) of polyphenols from green tea at different pressures (300, 400, 500MPa) was studied. The model derived from Patricelli, which describes the two step extraction consisting of rapid washing followed by slow diffusion, had been applied to estimate the extraction kinetics. The model parameters were calculated using the experimental results obtained from PSE and conventional solvent extraction (CSE). The results showed a good prediction of Patricellis model for extraction kinetics in all experiments (R2?0.996), which gave the possibility for estimation of the extraction rate and extent of PSE. The results also showed that the extraction by washing was more efficient with PSE than CSE. In addition, the initial extraction rate of the PSE was always much larger than that of the CSE. Therefore, PSE was more effective for extracting the green tea polyphenols than the CSE.

Jun Xi; Lang He; Lianggong Yan

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Comparative evaluation of the sensitometric properties of screen-film systems and conventional dental receptors for intraoral radiography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This investigation determined the sensitometric properties of 27 rare-earth screen-film combinations and compared them to E- and D-speed films and xeroradiography, the current standards for intraoral radiography. A series of exposures from base plus fog to film saturation were made to determine the Hurter and Driffield curve of each image receptor. The base plus fog, film saturation, speed, gamma, average gradient, and resolution were determined. When dental receptors and screen-film systems are compared on the basis of radiographic quality (contrast and resolution), many screen-film systems have similar resolution (greater than 10 line pairs/mm), significantly greater contrast (greater than 2.0), and a substantial speed advantage (greater than 10). Thus selected screen-film systems may be an alternative to conventional dental receptors for intraoral radiography.

Kircos, L.T.; Staninec, M.; Chou, L.

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Comparison of conventional solar chimney power plants and sloped solar chimney power plants using second law analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the present paper the performance of solar chimney power plants based on second law analysis is investigated for various configurations. A comparison is made between the conventional solar chimney power plant (CSCPP) and the sloped solar chimney power plant (SSCPP). The appropriate entropy generation number and second-law efficiency for solar chimney power plants are proposed in this study. Results show that there is the optimum collector size that provides the minimum entropy generation and the maximum second-law efficiency. The second-law efficiency of both systems increases with the increasing of the system height. The study reveals the influence of various effects that change pressure and temperature of the systems. It was found that SSCPP is thermodynamically better than CSCPP for some configurations. The results obtained here are expected to provide information that will assist in improving the overall efficiency of the solar chimney power plant.

Atit Koonsrisuk

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

A Novel Markerless Technique to Evaluate Daily Lung Tumor Motion Based on Conventional Cone-Beam CT Projection Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: In this study, we present a novel markerless technique, based on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) raw projection data, to evaluate lung tumor daily motion. Method and Materials: The markerless technique, which uses raw CBCT projection data and locates tumors directly on every projection, consists of three steps. First, the tumor contour on the planning CT is used to create digitally reconstructed radiographs (DRRs) at every projection angle. Two sets of DRRs are created: one showing only the tumor, and another with the complete anatomy without the tumor. Second, a rigid two-dimensional image registration is performed to register the DRR set without the tumor to the CBCT projections. After the registration, the projections are subtracted from the DRRs, resulting in a projection dataset containing primarily tumor. Finally, a second registration is performed between the subtracted projection and tumor-only DRR. The methodology was evaluated using a chest phantom containing a moving tumor, and retrospectively in 4 lung cancer patients treated by stereotactic body radiation therapy. Tumors detected on projection images were compared with those from three-dimensional (3D) and four-dimensional (4D) CBCT reconstruction results. Results: Results in both static and moving phantoms demonstrate that the accuracy is within 1 mm. The subsequent application to 22 sets of CBCT scan raw projection data of 4 lung cancer patients includes about 11,000 projections, with the detected tumor locations consistent with 3D and 4D CBCT reconstruction results. This technique reveals detailed lung tumor motion and provides additional information than conventional 4D images. Conclusion: This technique is capable of accurately characterizing lung tumor motion on a daily basis based on a conventional CBCT scan. It provides daily verification of the tumor motion to ensure that these motions are within prior estimation and covered by the treatment planning volume.

Yang Yin; Zhong Zichun; Guo Xiaohu [Department of Computer Science, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX (United States); Wang Jing; Anderson, John; Solberg, Timothy [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, TX 75390 (United States); Mao Weihua, E-mail: weihua.mao@utsouthwestern.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, TX 75390 (United States)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Detailed analysis of the CO oxidation chemistry around a coal char particle under conventional and oxy-fuel combustion conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The purpose of this article is to analyze in detail the homogeneous chemistry involving the CO oxidation in the gas around a burning char particle. Namely, the model presented in a previous work (Gonzalo-Tirado et al., 2014) [1] has been applied to the case of a 120?m and a 600?m subbituminous char particle in a 24% O2, 1673K atmosphere under both conventional and oxy-fuel combustion conditions. The CO+OH?CO2+H reaction is shown to be the prevailing reaction in the conversion of the CO in the boundary layer; the high CO2 concentrations typical of oxy-combustion affect the equilibrium in this reaction and reduce its overall rate, which explains the lower intensity of the flame in those conditions. As for the release/absorption of heat in the gas, the reactions in which the OH radicals participate as reactants or products are predominant; the OH chemistry is somehow more intense in N2 and higher flame temperatures and OH concentrations are thus attained in conventional combustion conditions. Relatively low moisture concentrations in the bulk gas are sufficient to activate this boundary layer chemistry; with [H2O] larger than ?3% no substantial changes are observed in the CO conversion. The combustion history of the particles has been also studied. A logical sequence oxidationgasification is observed; whereas the CO-to-CO2 oxidation occurs first contiguous to the particle, the onset of char-CO2 gasification results in a detachment of the flame from the surface and a decrease in the oxidation rate, especially for large particles.

Cristina Gonzalo-Tirado; Santiago Jimnez

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Conventional sawing window Earlysawing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

acceleration, aluminate* and sulfate continue to react, and needle-like ettringite (C-A-S ­ -H) crystals form

354

Traditional (Conventional) Projects  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Score Maturity Value Target Score Maturity Value Target Score Maturity Value Target Score A1 Cost Estimate H 7.5 1 7.5 2 15.0 5 37.5 5 37.5 A2 Cost Risk/Contingency Analysis P 3.0 1 3.0 1 3.0 5 15.0 5 15.0 A3 Funding Requirements/Profile H 7.5 1 7.5 2 15.0 4 30.0 5 37.5 A4 Independent Cost Estimate/Schedule Review P 3.0 N/A 0.0 N/A 0.0 5 15.0 5 15.0 A5 Life Cycle Cost P 3.0 1 3.0 1 3.0 4 12.0 5 15.0 A6 Forecast of Cost at Completion P 3.0 N/A 0.0 N/A 0.0 3 9.0 5 15.0 A7 Cost Estimate for Next Phase Work Scope P 3.0 5 15.0 5 15.0 5 15.0 5 15.0 Subtotal Cost 36.0 51.0 133.5 150.0 B1 Project Schedule H 7.5 1 7.5 2 15.0 5 37.5 5 37.5 B2 Major Milestones P 3.0 1 3.0 2 6.0 5 15.0 5 15.0 B3 Resource Loading P 3.0 1 3.0 1 3.0 4 12.0 5 15.0 B4 Critical Path Management H 7.5 1 7.5 1 7.5 4 30.0 5 37.5 B5 Schedule Risk/Contingency Analysis P 3.0 1 3.0 1 3.0 5 15.0 5 15.0 B6 Forecast of Schedule Completion P 3.0

355

Three-dimensional, Time-Resolved, Intrafraction Motion Monitoring Throughout Stereotactic Liver Radiation Therapy on a Conventional Linear Accelerator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To investigate the time-resolved 3-dimensional (3D) internal motion throughout stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) of tumors in the liver using standard x-ray imagers of a conventional linear accelerator. Methods and Materials: Ten patients with implanted gold markers received 11 treatment courses of 3-fraction SBRT in a stereotactic body-frame on a conventional linear accelerator. Two pretreatment and 1 posttreatment cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans were acquired during each fraction. The CBCT projection images were used to estimate the internal 3D marker motion during CBCT acquisition with 11-Hz resolution by a monoscopic probability-based method. Throughout the treatment delivery by conformal or volumetric modulated arc fields, simultaneous MV portal imaging (8 Hz) and orthogonal kV imaging (5 Hz) were applied to determine the 3D marker motion using either MV/kV triangulation or the monoscopic method when marker segmentation was unachievable in either MV or kV images. The accuracy of monoscopic motion estimation was quantified by also applying monoscopic estimation as a test for all treatments during which MV/kV triangulation was possible. Results: Root-mean-square deviations between monoscopic estimations and triangulations were less than 1.0 mm. The mean 3D intrafraction and intrafield motion ranges during liver SBRT were 17.6 mm (range, 5.6-39.5 mm) and 11.3 mm (2.1-35.5mm), respectively. The risk of large intrafraction baseline shifts correlated with intrafield respiratory motion range. The mean 3D intrafractional marker displacement relative to the first CBCT was 3.4 mm (range, 0.7-14.5 mm). The 3D displacements exceeded 8.8 mm 10% of the time. Conclusions: Highly detailed time-resolved internal 3D motion was determined throughout liver SBRT using standard imaging equipment. Considerable intrafraction motion was observed. The demonstrated methods provide a widely available approach for motion monitoring that, combined with motion-adaptive treatment techniques, has the potential to improve the accuracy of radiation therapy for moving targets.

Worm, Esben S., E-mail: esbeworm@rm.dk [Department of Oncology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus (Denmark); Institute of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University (Denmark); Hyer, Morten; Fledelius, Walter [Department of Oncology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus (Denmark)] [Department of Oncology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus (Denmark); Poulsen, Per R. [Department of Oncology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus (Denmark) [Department of Oncology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus (Denmark); Institute of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University (Denmark)

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Assessing hygiene proficiency on organic and conventional pig farms regarding pork safety: A pilot study in Finland  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A key element in the EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) will be a single farm payment system that is linked to compliance with rules on, for instance hygiene standards. However, there are no recommended methods for assessing the hygiene proficiency of pig production farms. The present study was undertaken to develop a method for this purpose. A first implementation was done on pilot scale; with a set of both conventional and organic pig farms (N=15). Fifty hygiene-related factors were selected, especially with reference to the possible proliferation of enteric pathogens Listeria monocytogenes, Yersinia enterocolitica and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis. The factors were allocated into 8 evaluation categories: (1) general production management, (2) animal density, (3) the outdoor area for pigs, (4) pest and pet animals, (5) general hygiene in the piggery, (6) pen hygiene, (7) feed production hygiene, and (8) feeding hygiene. A farm questionnaire and a supplementary on-site observation form were devised, and one arbitrary scale of hygiene points assigned for each factor. In addition to the mailed questionnaires, one person subsequently visited all the farms, perused the questionnaire with the owners and completed the observation form. The hygiene scores of the farms in each evaluation category were compared both without weighting and with weighting based on expert opinions. The method proved to be feasible and applicable to different types of production.

K.-M. Siekkinen; L. Nuotio; J. Ranta; R. Laukkanen; S. Hellstrm; H. Korkeala; R. Maijala

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Processing and geologic analysis of conventional cores from well ER-20-6 No. 1, Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1996, Well Cluster ER-20-6 was drilled on Pahute Mesa in Area 20, in the northwestern corner of the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The three wells of the cluster are located from 166 to 296 meters (m) (544 to 971 feet [ft]) southwest of the site of the underground nuclear test code-named BULLION, conducted in 1990 in Emplacement Hole U-20bd. The well cluster was planned to be the site of a forced-gradient experiment designed to investigate radionuclide transport in groundwater. To obtain additional information on the occurrence of radionuclides, nature of fractures, and lithology, a portion of Well ER-20-6 No. 1, the hole closest to the explosion cavity, was cored for later analysis. Bechtel Nevada (BN) geologists originally prepared the geologic interpretation of the Well Cluster ER-20-6 site and documented the geology of each well in the cluster. However, the cores from Well ER-20-6 No. 1 were not accessible at the time of that work. As the forced-gradient experiment and other radio nuclide migration studies associated with the well cluster progressed, it was deemed appropriate to open the cores, describe the geology, and re-package the core for long-term air-tight storage. This report documents and describes the processing, geologic analysis, and preservation of the conventional cores from Well ER20-6 No. 1.

Prothro, L.B., Townsend, M.J.; Drellack, S.L. Jr. [and others

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Comparison of the Forage and Grain Composition from Insect-Protected and Glyphosate-Tolerant MON 88017 Corn to Conventional Corn (Zea mays L.)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Monsanto Company, 800 North Lindbergh Boulevard, St. Louis, Missouri 63167, Covance Laboratories Inc., 3301 Kinsman Boulevard, Madison, Wisconsin 53704, and Certus International Inc., 1422 Elbridge Payne Road, Suite 200, Chesterfield, Missouri 63017 ... In conventional plants, glyphosate binds to the endogenous plant EPSPS enzyme and blocks the biosynthesis of EPSP, thereby depriving plants of essential amino acids (12, 13). ... Corn seed from MON 88017, a control hybrid (LH198 LH59), and 12 different conventional hybrids (Table 1) were planted in Illinois, Iowa, and Nebraska in the United States during the 2002 field season. ...

Melinda C. McCann; William A. Trujillo; Susan G. Riordan; Roy Sorbet; Natalia N. Bogdanova; Ravinder S. Sidhu

2007-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

359

Comparative experimental evaluation of performance, combustion and emissions of laser ignition with conventional spark plug in a compressed natural gas fuelled single cylinder engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Laser is emerging as a strong concept for alternative ignition in spark ignition engine. Laser ignition has potential advantages over conventional spark plug ignition. Laser ignition system is free from spark electrodes hence there is no loss of spark energy to the electrodes, which are also free from erosion effect. In addition, there is flexibility in choosing spark location and it offers excellent performance under high in-cylinder pressures. In this paper, performances of laser ignition and conventional spark ignition systems are comparatively evaluated in terms of in-cylinder pressure variation, combustion stability, fuel consumption, power output and exhaust emissions at similar operating conditions of the engine.

Dhananjay Kumar Srivastava; Avinash Kumar Agarwal

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Technical evaluation of a solar heating system having conventional hydronic solar collectors and a radiant panel slab. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A simple innovative solar heating design (Solar Option One) using conventional hydronic solar collectors and a radiant panel slab was constructed. An objective of hybrid solar design is to combine the relative advantages of active and passive design approaches while minimizing their respective disadvantages. A test house using the Solar Option One heating system was experimentally monitored to determine its energy based performance during the 1982-83 heating season. The test residence is located in Lyndonville, Vermont, an area which has a characteristically cold and cloudy climate. The two story residence has a floor area of about 1400 square feet and is constructed on a 720 square foot 5.5 inch thick floor slab. A 24 inch packed gravel bed is located beneath the slab and the slab-gravel bed is insulated by two inches of polystyrene insulation. The test building is of frame construction and uses insulation levels which have become commonplace throughout the country. The structure would not fall into the superinsulated category but was tightly constructed so as to have a low infiltration level. The building is sun-tempered in that windows were concentrated somewhat on the South side and all but avoided on the North. A solar greenhouse on the South side of the building was closed off from the structure permanently throughout the testing so as to better observe the solar heating invention without confounding variables. The monitoring equipment generated an internal gain of about 17,000 BTUs per day, roughly the equivalent of occupancy by two persons. A full description of the experimental testing program is given. System efficiency and performance are reported.

Starr, R.J.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

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361

Mixing and flame structures inferred from OH-PLIF for conventional and low-temperature diesel engine combustion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The structure of first- and second-stage combustion is investigated in a heavy-duty, single-cylinder optical engine using chemiluminescence imaging, Mie-scatter imaging of liquid-fuel, and OH planar laser-induced fluorescence (OH-PLIF) along with calculations of fluorescence quenching. Three different diesel combustion modes are studied: conventional non-diluted high-temperature combustion (HTC) with either (1) short or (2) long ignition delay, and (3) highly diluted low-temperature combustion (LTC) with early fuel injection. For the short ignition delay HTC condition, the OH fluorescence images show that second-stage combustion occurs mainly on the fuel jet periphery in a thickness of about 1 mm. For the long ignition delay HTC condition, the second-stage combustion zone on the jet periphery is thicker (5-6 mm). For the early-injection LTC condition, the second-stage combustion is even thicker (20-25 mm) and occurs only in the down-stream regions of the jet. The relationship between OH concentration and OH-PLIF intensity over a range of equivalence ratios is estimated from quenching calculations using collider species concentrations predicted by chemical kinetics simulations of combustion. The calculations show that both OH concentration and OH-PLIF intensity peak near stoichiometric mixtures and fall by an order of magnitude or more for equivalence ratios less than 0.2-0.4 and greater than 1.4-1.6. Using the OH fluorescence quenching predictions together with OH-PLIF images, quantitative boundaries for mixing are established for the three engine combustion modes. (author)

Singh, Satbir [General Motors Research and Development, Warren, MI 48090 (United States); Musculus, Mark P.B. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA 94551 (United States); Reitz, Rolf D. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

362

Well-to-Wheel Energy, Emissions, and Cost Analysis of Electricity and Fuel Used in Conventional and Electrified Vehicles, and Their Connection to a Sustainable Energy Infrastructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

produced in creating the electricity through a full Life Cycle Analysis. As a result, proper comparison of electrified and conventional vehicles must include a complete Well-to-Wheel (WtW) study including the emissions generated through production and use...

Strecker, Bryan Anthony

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

363

A new measure of acceleration of heart rate: dependence on age and comparison with time domain conventional heart rate variability measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new measure of acceleration of heart rate: dependence on age and comparison with time domain conventional heart rate variability measures Giuseppe Germanò, M.D., Gianfranco Piccirillo, M.D., *Camillo We introduce a new index, Acceleration Ratio (AR), in order to investigate the dependence of Heart

Cammarota, Camillo

364

Top-Down Intelligent Reservoir Models, Integrating Reservoir Engineering with AI&DM Extended Abstract, 2009 AAPG Annual Conventions, Denver Colorado  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

calls for integration of static and dynamic measurements into the reservoir model. Full field reservoir Engineering with AI&DM Extended Abstract, 2009 AAPG Annual Conventions, Denver Colorado complex process called that usually works well in the hand of an experienced team of engineers and geoscientists. Characteristics

Mohaghegh, Shahab

365

Evaluation of surface and superficial dose for head and neck treatments using conventional or intensity-modulated techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With increased use of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for head and neck treatment questions have arisen as to selection of an optimum treatment approach when either superficial sparing or treatment is desired. Other work has pointed out the increased superficial dose resulting from obliquity effects when multiple tangential beams are applied to head and neck treatment, as is the general case in IMRT planning. Helical tomotherapy might be expected to result in even further enhanced superficial dose compared with conventional bilateral field treatment. We have designed a typical right oropharynx target volume in an anthropomorphic head and neck phantom. Three different treatment techniques have been used to optimally treat this target, including bilateral static fields, eight-field IMRT and helical tomotherapy. The phantom was immobilized in a standard treatment position and treated on a Varian 2300cd linear accelerator and on a Hi-Art Helical Tomotherapy unit. 1 mm3 lithium-fluoride thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs) were placed on the surface of the phantom at a number of axial test positions. Film strips (Kodak EDR2) were either wrapped around the surface or sandwiched within the phantom. Measured doses at the surface and as a function of depth are compared with the planning system predictions for each treatment technique. The maximum surface doses on the proximal treatment side, averaged from TLDs and films, were measured to be 69?82% of the target dose with the bilateral fields yielding the lowest surface doses (69%), tomotherapy about 2% more than that (71%) and IMRT 13% more (82%). Anterior to the target volume, doses are always low for bilateral treatment. In this case the minimum anterior surface dose (chin area) was 6% of the prescription dose from that technique as compared with 26% and 35% from the IMRT and tomotherapy methods, respectively. The Eclipse and Tomotherapy planning systems both modelled deep and superficial doses well. Surface doses were better modelled by Eclipse at the test points, while the tomotherapy plans consistently overestimated the measured doses by 10% or more. Depth dose measurements, extracted from embedded films, indicated the depth of dose build-up to >99% to be the shallowest for IMRT (2?5 mm) followed by tomotherapy (5?8 mm) and bilateral fields (10?15 mm). The amount of surface dose is clearly technique dependent and should be taken into account in the planning stage.

P D Higgins; E Y Han; J L Yuan; S Hui; C K Lee

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Biomass Power and Conventional Fossil Systems with and without CO2 Sequestration … Comparing the Energy Balance, Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Economics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

* NREL/TP-510-32575 * NREL/TP-510-32575 Biomass Power and Conventional Fossil Systems with and without CO 2 Sequestration - Comparing the Energy Balance, Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Economics Pamela L. Spath Margaret K. Mann National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 NREL is a U.S. Department of Energy Laboratory Operated by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 January 2004 * NREL/TP-510-32575 Biomass Power and Conventional Fossil Systems with and without CO 2 Sequestration - Comparing the Energy Balance, Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Economics Pamela L. Spath Margaret K. Mann Prepared under Task No. BB04.4010 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401-3393

367

Responses of Conventional Ring Closures of Drum Type Packages to Regulatory Drop Tests with Application to the 9974/9975 Package  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

DOT, DOE and NRC Type A and Type B radioactive material (RAM) transport packages routinely use industrial or military specification drums with conventional clamp ring closures as an overpack. Considerable testing has been performed on these type packages over the past 30 years. Observations from test data have resulted in various design changes and recommendations to the standard drum specification and use, enhancing the reliability of the overpack. Recently, performance capability of the 9975 conventional clamp ring closure design was questioned by the Regulatory Authority. This paper highlights the observations of recent 9974 and 9975 package testing that led to redesign of the 9975, replacing the standard clamp ring closure with a bolted ring closure. In the course of this review and redesign effort, 18 package designs and approximately 100 Hypothetical Accident Condition (HAC) drops of various size and weight drum packages were evaluated. A trend was observed with respect to overpack lid failures for packages utilizing conventional ring closure. Based on this trend, a limit on the ratio of the content weight to total package weight was identified, beyond which clamp ring closure failure may be expected.

Blanton, P.S.

2002-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

368

Comparison between conventional and digital nuclear power plant main control rooms: A task complexity perspective, Part II: Detailed results and analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Part II of this study aims to provide detailed, diagnostic information about the complexity difference between conventional and digital main control rooms (MCRs) in nuclear power plants. Complexity factors were classified according to task components and complexity dimensions. The effects of operator experience and plant type on complexity factors were statistically analyzed from three levels, i.e., task components, complexity dimensions, and individual factors. Interface management complexity factors were compared with other factors in digital MCRs. The results suggest that generally operator experience had effects on several task components and complexity dimensions only in abnormal/emergency situations. Plant type affected several task component and complexity dimensions in both abnormal/emergency and normal situations. Complexity factors in the affected task components and complexity dimensions had higher frequency, complexity, or impact in digital \\{MCRs\\} than those in conventional MCRs. Factors related to crew activity and the dimensions of overabundance, temporal demand, and variability had relatively high frequency, complexity, or impact. Compared with other factors, interface management complexity factors had marginally higher frequency, but significantly lower complexity and impact. Relevance to industry This study quantitatively addresses the complexity difference between conventional and digital \\{MCRs\\} in detail. It may provide rich information for how to improve operator working environments in NPPs. It may also contribute to other applied domains, such as human reliability analysis and interface design.

Peng Liu; Zhizhong Li

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Comparison between conventional and digital nuclear power plant main control rooms: A task complexity perspective, part I: Overall results and analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Digitalization is a trend in safety-critical complex systems. It changes the way human interacts with systems. We have less empirical knowledge about its potential negative effects on human. In our study, we compared conventional and digital main control rooms (MCRs) in nuclear power plants (NPPs) from a task complexity perspective. Complexity factors in \\{MCRs\\} were quantified in terms of three aspects, frequency of occurrence, complexity induced by their being, and impact caused by them. A total of 69 licensed operators participated in the study. The study consists of two parts. In Part I, overall results and analysis were reported. Generally, operators in digital \\{MCRs\\} perceived higher frequency and higher impact of complexity factors than those in conventional MCRs, no matter in abnormal/emergency or normal situations. Operators in digital \\{MCRs\\} perceived higher complexity than those in conventional \\{MCRs\\} in abnormal/emergency situations. These findings suggest that operators in digital \\{MCRs\\} experience higher complexity and workload which may reduce their reliability. These findings imply that we should caution the side-effects of ubiquitous digitalization in complex industrial systems. Relevance to industry Digital technologies are widely deployed in the nuclear industry. They change the working environments in which operators interact with NPP systems. There is insufficient research on operator experience on the changes brought by technological developments in NPP control rooms. Our findings imply that we should take care of the potential negative effect of digitalization on operator working environments.

Peng Liu; Zhizhong Li

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

The feasibility of co-existence between conventional and genetically modified crops: Using machine learning to analyse the output of simulation models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simulation models are a commonly used tool for the study of the co-existence of conventional and genetically modified (GM) crops. Among other things, they allow us to investigate the effects of using different crop varieties, cropping systems and farming practices on the levels of adventitious presence of GM material in conventional crops. We propose to use machine learning methods to analyse the output of simulation models to learn co-existence rules that directly link the above mentioned causes and effects. The outputs of the GENESYS model, designed to study the co-existence of conventional and GM oilseed rape crops, were analysed by using the machine learning methods of regression tree induction and relational decision tree induction. Co-existence and adventitious presence of GM material were studied in several contexts, including gene flow between pairs of fields, the interactions of this process with farming practices (cropping systems), and gene flow in the context of an entire field plan. Accurate models were learned, which also make use of the relational aspects of a field plan, using information on the neighboring fields of a field, and the farming practices applied in it. The use of relational decision tree induction to analyse the results of simulation models is a novel approach and holds the promise of learning more general co-existence rules by allowing us to vary the target field within a chosen field plan, as well as to consider completely different field plans at the same time.

Aneta Ivanovska; Celine Vens; Nathalie Colbach; Marko Debeljak; Sao Deroski

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Investigation of thermochemical biorefinery sizing and environmental sustainability impacts for conventional supply system and distributed pre-processing supply system designs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 2011 US Billion-Ton Update estimates that by 2030 there will be enough agricultural and forest resources to sustainably provide at least one billion dry tons of biomass annually, enough to displace approximately 30% of the country's current petroleum consumption. A portion of these resources are inaccessible at current cost targets with conventional feedstock supply systems because of their remoteness or low yields. Reliable analyses and projections of US biofuels production depend on assumptions about the supply system and biorefinery capacity, which, in turn, depend upon economic value, feedstock logistics, and sustainability. A cross-functional team has examined combinations of advances in feedstock supply systems and biorefinery capacities with rigorous design information, improved crop yield and agronomic practices, and improved estimates of sustainable biomass availability. A previous report on biochemical refinery capacity noted that under advanced feedstock logistic supply systems that include depots and pre-processing operations there are cost advantages that support larger biorefineries up to 10 000 DMT/day facilities compared to the smaller 2000 DMT/day facilities. This report focuses on analyzing conventional versus advanced depot biomass supply systems for a thermochemical conversion and refinery sizing based on woody biomass. The results of this analysis demonstrate that the economies of scale enabled by advanced logistics offsets much of the added logistics costs from additional depot processing and transportation, resulting in a small overall increase to the minimum ethanol selling price compared to the conventional logistic supply system. While the overall costs do increase slightly for the advanced logistic supply systems, the ability to mitigate moisture and ash in the system will improve the storage and conversion processes. In addition, being able to draw on feedstocks from further distances will decrease the risk of biomass supply to the conversion facility.

David J. Muth, Jr.; Matthew H. Langholtz; Eric C. D. Tan; Jacob J. Jacobson; Amy Schwab; May M. Wu; Andrew Argo; Craig C. Brandt; Kara G. Cafferty; Yi-Wen Chiu; Abhijit Dutta; Laurence M. Eaton; Erin M. Searcy

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Total energy cycle assessment of electric and conventional vehicles: an energy and environmental analysis. Volume 2: appendices A-D to technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report compares the energy use, oil use and emissions of electric vehicles (EVs) with those of conventional, gasoline- powered vehicles (CVs) over the total life cycle of the vehicles. The various stages included in the vehicles` life cycles include vehicle manufacture, fuel production, and vehicle operation. Disposal is not included. An inventory of the air emissions associated with each stage of the life cycle is estimated. Water pollutants and solid wastes are reported for individual processes, but no comprehensive inventory is developed. Volume II contains additional details on the vehicle, utility, and materials analyses and discusses several details of the methodology.

NONE

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Scanning Josephson Tunneling Microscopy of Single Crystal Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta with a Conventional Superconducting Tip  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have performed both Josephson and quasiparticle tunneling in vacuum tunnel junctions formed between a conventional superconducting scanning tunneling microscope tip and overdoped Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+ single crystals. A Josephson current is observed with a peak centered at a small finite voltage due to the thermal-fluctuation-dominated superconducting phase dynamics. Josephson measurements at different surface locations yield local values for the Josephson ICRN product. Corresponding energy gap measurements were also performed and a surprising inverse correlation was observed between the local ICRN product and the local energy gap.

Kimura, H.; Barber Jr., R. P.; Ono, S.; Ando, Yoichi; Dynes, Robert C.

2009-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

374

Total energy cycle assessment of electric and conventional vehicles: an energy and environmental analysis. Volume 4: peer review comments on technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report compares the energy use, oil use and emissions of electric vehicles (EVs) with those of conventional, gasoline-powered vehicles (CVs) over the total life cycle of the vehicles. The various stages included in the vehicles` life cycles include vehicle manufacture, fuel production, and vehicle operation. Disposal is not included. An inventory of the air emissions associated with each stage of the life cycle is estimated. Water pollutants and solid wastes are reported for individual processes, but no comprehensive inventory is developed. Volume IV includes copies of all the external peer review comments on the report distributed for review in July 1997.

NONE

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Fact #595: November 2, 2009 Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle Purchases...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

2, 2009 Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle Purchases May Depend on Fuel Savings and Incremental Cost Fact 595: November 2, 2009 Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle Purchases May Depend on Fuel Savings...

376

" "," ",,," Steam Turbines Supplied by Either Conventional or Fluidized Bed Boilers",,,"Conventional Combusion Turbines with Heat Recovery",,,"Combined-Cycle Combusion Turbines",,,"Internal Combusion Engines with Heat Recovery",,," Steam Turbines Supplied by Heat Recovered from High-Temperature Processes",,,," "  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Relative Standard Errors for Table 8.3;" 3 Relative Standard Errors for Table 8.3;" " Unit: Percents." " "," ",,," Steam Turbines Supplied by Either Conventional or Fluidized Bed Boilers",,,"Conventional Combusion Turbines with Heat Recovery",,,"Combined-Cycle Combusion Turbines",,,"Internal Combusion Engines with Heat Recovery",,," Steam Turbines Supplied by Heat Recovered from High-Temperature Processes",,,," " " "," " ," " "NAICS Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","Establishments(b)","Establishments with Any Cogeneration Technology in Use(c)","In Use(d)","Not in Use","Don't Know","In Use(d)","Not in Use","Don't Know","In Use(d)","Not in Use","Don't Know","In Use(d)","Not in Use","Don't Know","In Use(d)","Not in Use","Don't Know"

377

Cryoplasty Versus Conventional Balloon Angioplasty of the Femoropopliteal Artery in Diabetic Patients: Long-Term Results from a Prospective Randomized Single-Center Controlled Trial  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the immediate and long-term results of cryoplasty versus conventional balloon angioplasty in the femoropopliteal artery of diabetic patients. Fifty diabetic patients (41 men, mean age 68 years) were randomized to cryoplasty (group CRYO; 24 patients with 31 lesions) or conventional balloon angioplasty (group COBA; 26 patients with 34 lesions) of the femoropopliteal artery. Technical success was defined as <30% residual stenosis without any adjunctive stenting. Primary end points included technical success, primary patency, binary in-lesion restenosis (>50%), and freedom from target lesion recanalization. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was performed to adjust for confounding factors of heterogeneity. In total, 61.3% (19 of 31) in group CRYO and 52.9% (18 of 34) in group COBA were de novo lesions. More than 70% of the lesions were Transatlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC) B and C in both groups, and 41.4% of the patients in group CRYO and 38.7% in group COBA suffered from critical limb ischemia. Immediate technical success rate was 58.0% in group CRYO versus 64.0% in group COBA (p = 0.29). According to 3-year Kaplan-Meier estimates, there were no significant differences with regard to patient survival (86.8% in group CRYO vs. 87.0% in group COBA, p = 0.54) and limb salvage (95.8 vs. 92.1% in groups CRYO and COBA, respectively, p = 0.60). There was a nonsignificant trend of increased binary restenosis in group CRYO (hazard ratio [HR] 1.3; 95% CI 0.6-2.6, p = 0.45). Primary patency was significantly lower in group CRYO compared with group COBA (HR 2.2; 95% CI 1.1-4.3, p = 0.02). Significantly more repeat intervention events because of recurrent symptoms were required in group CRYO (HR 2.5; 95% CI 1.2-5.3, p = 0.01). Cryoplasty was associated with lower primary patency and more clinically driven repeat procedures after long-term follow-up compared with conventional balloon angioplasty.

Spiliopoulos, Stavros, E-mail: stavspiliop@upatras.gr; Katsanos, Konstantinos; Karnabatidis, Dimitris; Diamantopoulos, Athanasios [Patras University Hospital, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Angiography Suite, School of Medicine (Greece); Kagadis, George C. [Patras University Hospital, Department of Medical Physics, School of Medicine (Greece); Christeas, Nikolaos; Siablis, Dimitris [Patras University Hospital, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Angiography Suite, School of Medicine (Greece)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

378

Route-Based Controls Potential for Efficiency Gains  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

adjustments - Into vehicle control hardware Demonstrate fuel savings achieved - Validate simulation predictions National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy...

379

Comparison of revegetation of a gas pipeline right-of-way in two forested wetland crossings involving conventional methods of pipeline installation and horizontal drilling, Nassau County, Florida  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One year after pipeline installation, vegetation in the right-of-way (ROW) was inventoried at two stream floodplain crossings in Nassau County, Florida. Both sites were forested wetlands composed of Acer rubrum, Fraxinus caroliniana, Liquidamber styraciflua, Nyssa ogecho, Quercus laurifolia, and Taxodium distichum, together with other wetland trees. Pipeline installation across the Brandy Branch floodplain was by conventional ditching and backfill methods. Installation across the Deep Creek floodplain was by horizontal drilling after clearcutting the ROW. The latter method left tree stumps, understory vegetation, and soil layers intact, except for disruptions caused by logging. According to the inventory, vegetation at the drilled site was more diverse (nearly twice as many species occurring in the ROW as at the trenched site) and more robust (no unvegetated exposed soil compared to 15% at the trenched site). Differences between the ROW vegetation at the two sites can be attributed to both site differences and installation technologies used.

Van Dyke, G.D. [Trinity Christian Coll., Palos Heights, IL (United States). Dept. of Biology; Shem, L.M.; Zimmerman, R.E. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Environmental Impact Evaluation of Conventional Fossil Fuel Production (Oil and Natural Gas) and Enhanced Resource Recovery with Potential CO2 Sequestration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The first set of results presented were the inventory of air emissions (CO, CO2, CH4, SOx, NOx, NH3, Pb, Hg, etc.), wastewater-containing acids and sulfides, and solid wastes released because of both fossil fuel production and energy usage from the power plant. ... Gases of SO2 and NOx are reported to pollute the air because of conventional oil production activities,16 but these contributions, as displayed by cases I and II, are less compared to the accumulated impacts coming from the CO2 sequestration chain. ... (1)?McKee, B. Solutions for the 21st Century:? Zero Emissions Technology for Fossil Fuels; Technology Status Report, International Energy Agency, Committee for Energy Research Technology, OECD/IEA:? France, 2002. ...

Hsien H. Khoo; Reginald B. H. Tan

2006-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fifty-nine conventional fuel-saving" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Detailed chemical kinetic models for large n-alkanes and iso-alkanes found in conventional and F-T diesel fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

n-Hexadecane and 2,2,4,4,6,8,8-heptamethylnonane represent the primary reference fuels for diesel that are used to determine cetane number, a measure of the ignition property of diesel fuel. With the development of chemical kinetics models for both primary reference fuels, a new capability is now available to model diesel fuel ignition. Additionally, we have developed chemical kinetic models for a whole series of large n-alkanes and a large iso-alkane to represent these chemical classes in fuel surrogates for conventional and future fuels. These chemical kinetic models are used to predict the effect of the aforementioned fuel components on ignition characteristics under conditions found in internal combustion engines.

Westbrook, C K; Pitz, W J; Mehl, M; Curran, H J

2009-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

382

Projects selected in todays announcement will focus on updating technologies and methods to improve the performance of conventional hydropower plants  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

in today's announcement will focus on updating technologies in today's announcement will focus on updating technologies and methods to improve the performance of conventional hydropower plants. The projects selected for negotiation of awards include: Dehlsen Associates, LLC (Carpinteria, CA) will further develop and validate the Aquantis Current Plane ocean current turbine technology. The project will validate analytical design tools and develop the technology's direct drive component. DOE share: up to $750,000; Duration: up to 2 years Dehlsen Associates, LLC (Carpinteria, CA) will first develop a bottom habitat survey methodology and siting study approach in accordance with all relevant regulatory agencies in the southeast Florida region; then they will determine the most suitable areas for mooring marine and hydrokinetic facilities based on the

383

Estao Convention Center Curitiba, PR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Remoto (Capítulo Brasil) Dra. Leila Maria Garcia Fonseca 1.2 ­ Coordenação da Exposição Técnica Geol. Paulo Roberto Martini ­ SELPER/Brasil ­ Comitê de Relações Internacionais Tel (12) 3208-6470 / 6494 - PR, Brasil Telefax : +55 (41) 2101-9990 Site: www.estacaoconvention.com.br 1.4 - Montadora Oficial

384

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sylvain Marchand1 , Roland Badeau2 , Cl´eo Baras3 , Laurent Daudet4 , Dominique Fourer5 , Laurent Girin3 should be addressed to Sylvain Marchand (Sylvain.Marchand@univ-brest.fr) ABSTRACT Active listening such as general- #12;Marchand et al. DReaM: a novel system for joint source separation and multi-track coding ized

Badeau, Roland

385

Status of framework convention talks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sessions of the intergovernmental negotiating committee on climate change are briefly summarized. Policy positions of the US and other developed countries are highlighted. In addition, actions of the Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change Working Groups are briefly summarized. The working groups address science, impacts, and response strategies.

Reifsnyder, D.A. [Dept. of State, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

386

BLENDING LOW ENRICHED URANIUM WITH DEPLETED URANIUM TO CREATE A SOURCE MATERIAL ORE THAT CAN BE PROCESSED FOR THE RECOVERY OF YELLOWCAKE AT A CONVENTIONAL URANIUM MILL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Throughout the United States Department of Energy (DOE) complex, there are a number of streams of low enriched uranium (LEU) that contain various trace contaminants. These surplus nuclear materials require processing in order to meet commercial fuel cycle specifications. To date, they have not been designated as waste for disposal at the DOE's Nevada Test Site (NTS). Currently, with no commercial outlet available, the DOE is evaluating treatment and disposal as the ultimate disposition path for these materials. This paper will describe an innovative program that will provide a solution to DOE that will allow disposition of these materials at a cost that will be competitive with treatment and disposal at the NTS, while at the same time recycling the material to recover a valuable energy resource (yellowcake) for reintroduction into the commercial nuclear fuel cycle. International Uranium (USA) Corporation (IUSA) and Nuclear Fuel Services, Inc. (NFS) have entered into a commercial relationship to pursue the development of this program. The program involves the design of a process and construction of a plant at NFS' site in Erwin, Tennessee, for the blending of contaminated LEU with depleted uranium (DU) to produce a uranium source material ore (USM Ore{trademark}). The USM Ore{trademark} will then be further processed at IUC's White Mesa Mill, located near Blanding, Utah, to produce conventional yellowcake, which can be delivered to conversion facilities, in the same manner as yellowcake that is produced from natural ores or other alternate feed materials. The primary source of feed for the business will be the significant sources of trace contaminated materials within the DOE complex. NFS has developed a dry blending process (DRYSM Process) to blend the surplus LEU material with DU at its Part 70 licensed facility, to produce USM Ore{trademark} with a U235 content within the range of U235 concentrations for source material. By reducing the U235 content to source material levels in this manner, the material will be suitable for processing at a conventional uranium mill under its existing Part 40 license to remove contaminants and enable the product to re-enter the commercial fuel cycle. The tailings from processing the USM Ore{trademark} at the mill will be permanently disposed of in the mill's tailings impoundment as 11e.(2) byproduct material. Blending LEU with DU to make a uranium source material ore that can be returned to the nuclear fuel cycle for processing to produce yellowcake, has never been accomplished before. This program will allow DOE to disposition its surplus LEU and DU in a cost effective manner, and at the same time provide for the recovery of valuable energy resources that would be lost through processing and disposal of the materials. This paper will discuss the nature of the surplus LEU and DU materials, the manner in which the LEU will be blended with DU to form a uranium source material ore, and the legal means by which this blending can be accomplished at a facility licensed under 10 CFR Part 70 to produce ore that can be processed at a conventional uranium mill licensed under 10 CFR Part 40.

Schutt, Stephen M.; Hochstein, Ron F.; Frydenlund, David C.; Thompson, Anthony J.

2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

387

Operational and environmental benefits of oxy-fuel combustion in the steel industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Due to the high flame temperature of conventional oxygen-fuel burners, these burners have typically not been used in reheat furnaces where temperature uniformity is critical. Praxair has developed a number of burners and associated control systems that have been successfully operated in a variety of reheat furnaces beginning in 1980. The burners have also recently been used for ladle preheating. All burners have been operated with 100% oxygen. The patented burners have designs that result in flame temperatures equivalent to conventional air-fuel burners. Flexible flame patterns are possible, resulting in uniform temperature distribution. In addition, the low flame temperature combined with minimal nitrogen in the furnace results in very low NO{sub x} emissions. The design of the control systems insure safe and reliable operation. In the following sections, oxygen-fuel combustion will be described, with a discussion of fuel savings and other benefits. Unique designs will be discussed along with the features which make them applicable to reheat applications and which result in lower emissions. Other equipment provided with the burners to complete the oxy-fuel combustion system will be described briefly. There will also be a short discussion of how both the fuel and oxygen price can affect the economics of fuel saving. Results from the commercial retrofit installations in continuous and batch reheat furnaces, soaking pits and ladle preheaters will be described. Finally, NO{sub x} emissions data will be discussed.

Farrell, L.M. [Praxair, Inc., Tarrytown, NY (United States); Pavlack, T.T. [Praxair, Inc., East Chicago, IN (United States); Rich, L. [North American Manufacturing Co., Coraopolis, PA (United States)

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Augmented Computer Exercise for Inspection Training (ACE-IT) - an interactive training tool for {open_quotes}challenge inspections{close_quotes} under the chemical weapons convention  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The on-site inspection provisions in many current and proposed arms control agreements require extensive preparation and training on the part of both the Inspection Teams and the Inspected Parties. Current training techniques include lectures, table-top inspections, and practice inspections. The Augmented Computer Exercise for Inspection Training (ACE-IT), an interactive computer training tool, increases the utility of table-top inspections. Under the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) challenge inspections are short-notice inspections that may occur anywhere, anytime, and with no right of refusal. The time interval between notice of intent to inspect a facility and the arrival of inspectors at the facility may be as short as 72 hours. Therefore, advance training is important. ACE-IT is used for training both the Inspection Team (inspector) and the Inspected Party (host) to conduct a hypothetical challenge inspection under the CWC. An exercise moderator controls the exercise. The training covers all of the events in the challenge inspection regime, from initial notification of an inspection through post-inspection activities. But the primary emphasis of the training tool is on conducting the inspection itself, and in particular, the concept of managed access. Managed access is used to assure the inspectors that the facility is in compliance with the CWC, while protecting sensitive information that is not related to the CWC.

Dobranich, P.R.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Load expansion of naphtha multiple premixed compression ignition (MPCI) and comparison with partially premixed compression ignition (PPCI) and conventional diesel combustion (CDC)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In previous studies, multiple premixed compression ignition (MPCI) has been proposed as a novel combustion concept in gasoline compression ignition engines which has great potential to achieve high thermal efficiency and low emissions simultaneously. MPCI mode was realized by a sequence of spraycombustionspraycombustion around the compression top dead center (TDC). This study is aimed for the high load expansion of naphtha MPCI. In addition, the study investigated advantages and disadvantages of MPCI compared with partially premixed compression ignition (PPCI) and conventional diesel combustion (CDC). Engine operating range successfully reached indicated mean effective pressure (IMEP) of 1.4MPa with high thermal efficiency, low emissions and acceptable combustion noise by the optimization of the injection parameters and the intake management. For MPCI, earlier combustion phasing was possible even at the high load operation compared with PPCI and CDC. This was attributed to the separated heat release characteristics and pressure rise rate process. The divided pressure rise rate process caused considerably low maximum pressure rise rate (MPRR) characteristics such as 0.8MPa/deg at IMEP 1.4MPa condition. The earlier combustion phasing led to the higher thermal efficiency characteristics of MPCI combustion compared with PPCI and CDC. This was attributed to the lower exhaust heat loss characteristics. However, high level of hydrocarbon (HC) and carbon monoxide (CO) emissions with low combustion stability at the low load operation were considered as severe challenges to overcome.

Kihyun Kim; Zhi Wang; Buyu Wang; Shijin Shuai; Hongqiang Yang; Choongsik Bae

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Dosimetric comparison of conventional and forward-planned intensity-modulated techniques for comprehensive locoregional irradiation of post-mastectomy left breast cancers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three recently published randomized trials have shown a survival benefit to postoperative radiation therapy when the internal mammary chain (IMC), supraclavicular (SCV), and axillary lymphatics are treated. When treating the IMC, techniques that minimize dose to the heart and lungs may be utilized to prevent excess morbidity and mortality and achieve the survival benefit reported. The purpose of this study was to dosimetrically compare forward-planned intensity-modulated radiation therapy (fIMRT) with conventional techniques for comprehensive irradiation of the chest wall and regional lymphatics. For irradiation of the chest wall and IMC, 3 treatment plans, (1) fIMRT, (2) partially-wide tangent (PWT) fields, and (3) a photon-electron (PE) technique, were compared for 12 patients previously treated at our institution with fIMRT to the left chest wall and regional lymphatics. Additionally, the SCV and infraclavicular lymphatics were irradiated and 4 methods were compared: 2 with anterior fields only (dose prescribed to 3 and 5 cm [SC3cm, SC5cm]) and 2 with anterior and posterior fields (fIMRT, 3DCRT). Each patient was planned to receive 50 Gy in 25 fractions. Regions of interest (ROIs) created for each patient included chest wall (CW) planning target volume (PTV), IMC PTV, and SCV PTV. Additionally, the following organs at risk (OAR) volumes were created: contralateral breast, heart, and lungs. For each plan and ROI, target volume coverage (V{sub 95-107}) and dose homogeneity (D{sub 95-5}) were evaluated. Additionally, the mean OAR dose and normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) were computed. For irradiation of the CW, target volume coverage and dose homogeneity were improved for the fIMRT technique as compared to PE (p < 0.001, p = 0.023, respectively). Similar improvements were seen with respect to IMC PTV (p = 0.012, p = 0.064). These dosimetric parameters were also improved as compared to PWT, but not to the same extent (p = 0.011, p = 0.095 for CW PTV, and p = 0.164, p > 0.2 for IMC PTV). The PE technique resulted in the lowest heart V{sub 30}, although this difference was not significant (p > 0.2). The NTCP values for excess cardiac mortality for fIMRT and PE were equivalent (1.9%) and lower than with PWT (2.8%, p > 0.2). The fIMRT technique was able to reduce heart dose and NTCP for each patient as compared to PWT. When comparing the anterior field techniques of treating SCV PTV, prescribing dose to 5 cm resulted in a improved V50 (p = 0.089). However, when compared to fIMRT, the SC3cm and SC5cm had inferior target volume coverage (p = 0.055, p = 0.014) and significantly greater dose heterogeneity (p = 0.031, p = 0.043). The addition of a posterior field increased the volume of lung receiving 40 and 50 Gy, but not significantly (p > 0.2). For complex breast treatments that irradiate the chest wall, IMC, and SCV, fIMRT resulted in improved dose homogeneity and target volume coverage as compared to conventional techniques. Furthermore, the dosimetric gains in target volume coverage with fIMRT came at no significant increase in dose to OAR. The fIMRT technique demonstrated the ability to maintain the advantage of each of the other 2 techniques: reducing the dose to OARs, as with PE, and providing superior target volume coverage, as with PWT.

Cavey, Matthew L. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX (United States)]. E-mail: mlcavey@utmb.edu; Bayouth, John E. [Department of Medical Physics, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX (United States); Endres, Eugene J. [Department of Medical Physics, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX (United States); Pena, John M. [Department of Medical Physics, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX (United States); Colman, Martin [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX (United States); Hatch, Sandra [Department of Medical Physics, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX (United States)

2005-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

391

Sustaining marine life beyond boundaries: Options for an implementing agreement for marine biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract For nearly a decade, governments have been discussing the need to improve efforts to conserve and sustainably use marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ). Support for a new international agreement under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) an Implementing Agreement on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity in ABNJ has been growing. In June 2012, at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, States agreed to take a decision on the development of an international instrument under UNCLOS before the end of the 69th session of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA), which runs from September 2014 to August 2015. In follow-up to this commitment, it was agreed to consider the scope, parameters and feasibility of this instrument. To inform these international discussions, this article highlights some potential options for the content of a new UNCLOS Implementing Agreement. It first reviews the history of UN discussions, and then elaborates on options to address key elements identified as priorities for States in 2011: marine genetic resources, including the sharing of benefits, area-based management tools, including marine protected areas, environmental impact assessments, capacity-building and the transfer of marine technology. It addresses cross-cutting issues such as the governing principles, institutional structure as well as on other critical points such as High Seas fishing and flag State responsibilities. The article concludes with suggestions on possible next steps in order to succeed in the negotiations for an agreement.

Elisabeth Druel; Kristina M. Gjerde

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Xerostomia and quality of life after intensity-modulated radiotherapy vs. conventional radiotherapy for early-stage nasopharyngeal carcinoma: Initial report on a randomized controlled clinical trial  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To compare directly the effect of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) vs. conventional radiotherapy (CRT) on salivary flow and quality of life (QoL) in patients with early-stage nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Methods and Materials: Fifty-one patients with T2, N0/N1, M0 NPC took part in a randomized controlled clinical study and received IMRT or CRT. Stimulated whole (SWS) and parotid (SPS) saliva flow were measured and Medical Outcomes Short Form 36 (SF-36), European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) core quetionnaire, and EORTC head-and-neck module (QLQ-H and N35) were completed at baseline and 2, 6, and 12 months after radiotherapy. Results: Forty-six patients (88%) were in disease remission 12 months after radiotherapy. At 12 months postradiotherapy, 12 (50.0%) and 20 patients (83.3%) in the IMRT group had recovered at least 25% of preradiotherapy SWS and SPS flow respectively, compared with 1 (4.8%) and 2 patients (9.5%), respectively, in the CRT group. Global health scores showed continuous improvement in QoL after both treatments (p < 0.001). However, after 12 months subscale scores for role-physical, bodily pain, and physical function were significantly higher in the IMRT group, indicating a better condition (p < 0.05). Dry mouth and sticky saliva were problems in both groups 2 months after treatment. In the IMRT group, there was consistent improvement over time with xerostomia-related symptoms significantly less common than in the CRT group at 12 months postradiotherapy. Conclusions: IMRT was significantly better than CRT in terms of parotid sparing and improved QoL for early-stage disease. The findings support the case for assessment of health-related QoL in relation to head-and-neck cancer using a site-specific approach.

Pow, Edmond [Oral Rehabilitation, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China); Kwong, Dora [Department of Clinical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong (China); McMillan, Anne S. [Oral Rehabilitation, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China)]. E-mail: annemcmillan@hku.hk; Wong, May [Periodontology and Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China); Sham, Jonathan [Department of Clinical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong (China); Leung, Lucullus [Department of Clinical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong (China); Leung, W. Keung [Periodontology and Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

393

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #122: April 3, 2000 Potential Fuel  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2: April 3, 2000 2: April 3, 2000 Potential Fuel Savings of Doubling Fuel Economy to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #122: April 3, 2000 Potential Fuel Savings of Doubling Fuel Economy on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #122: April 3, 2000 Potential Fuel Savings of Doubling Fuel Economy on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #122: April 3, 2000 Potential Fuel Savings of Doubling Fuel Economy on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #122: April 3, 2000 Potential Fuel Savings of Doubling Fuel Economy on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #122: April 3, 2000 Potential Fuel Savings of Doubling Fuel Economy on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #122: April 3, 2000 Potential Fuel Savings of Doubling Fuel Economy on

394

Fig. 1: (a) Conventional dual-pump degenerate PSA using a straight HNLF: phase regeneration effect varies with polarization alignment between BPSK signal and two phase-locked pumps. (b) Polarization-diversity PSA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fig. 1: (a) Conventional dual-pump degenerate PSA using a straight HNLF: phase regeneration effect varies with polarization alignment between BPSK signal and two phase-locked pumps. (b) Polarization. Pump 2Signal Pump 1 HNLF Impaired by phase noise I Q Single-polarization BPSK signal Pump1 (Phase

Touch, Joe

395

White lighting LEDs are fast replacing conventional lighting because not only are they energy efficient light sources but also can be modulated at frequencies up to 20MHz for high-speed wireless communication, especially for indoor applications.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are they energy efficient light sources but also can be modulated at frequencies up to 20MHz for high-speedBackground White lighting LEDs are fast replacing conventional lighting because not only wireless communication, especially for indoor applications. Moreover, using visible light as the source

Sekercioglu, Y. Ahmet

396

Water-related Issues Affecting Conventional Oil and Gas Recovery and Potential Oil-Shale Development in the Uinta Basin, Utah  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Saline water disposal is one of the most pressing issues with regard to increasing petroleum and natural gas production in the Uinta Basin of northeastern Utah. Conventional oil fields in the basin provide 69 percent of Utah?s total crude oil production and 71 percent of Utah?s total natural gas, the latter of which has increased 208% in the past 10 years. Along with hydrocarbons, wells in the Uinta Basin produce significant quantities of saline water ? nearly 4 million barrels of saline water per month in Uintah County and nearly 2 million barrels per month in Duchesne County. As hydrocarbon production increases, so does saline water production, creating an increased need for economic and environmentally responsible disposal plans. Current water disposal wells are near capacity, and permitting for new wells is being delayed because of a lack of technical data regarding potential disposal aquifers and questions concerning contamination of freshwater sources. Many companies are reluctantly resorting to evaporation ponds as a short-term solution, but these ponds have limited capacity, are prone to leakage, and pose potential risks to birds and other wildlife. Many Uinta Basin operators claim that oil and natural gas production cannot reach its full potential until a suitable, long-term saline water disposal solution is determined. The enclosed project was divided into three parts: 1) re-mapping the base of the moderately saline aquifer in the Uinta Basin, 2) creating a detailed geologic characterization of the Birds Nest aquifer, a potential reservoir for large-scale saline water disposal, and 3) collecting and analyzing water samples from the eastern Uinta Basin to establish baseline water quality. Part 1: Regulators currently stipulate that produced saline water must be disposed of into aquifers that already contain moderately saline water (water that averages at least 10,000 mg/L total dissolved solids). The UGS has re-mapped the moderately saline water boundary in the subsurface of the Uinta Basin using a combination of water chemistry data collected from various sources and by analyzing geophysical well logs. By re-mapping the base of the moderately saline aquifer using more robust data and more sophisticated computer-based mapping techniques, regulators now have the information needed to more expeditiously grant water disposal permits while still protecting freshwater resources. Part 2: Eastern Uinta Basin gas producers have identified the Birds Nest aquifer, located in the Parachute Creek Member of the Green River Formation, as the most promising reservoir suitable for large-volume saline water disposal. This aquifer formed from the dissolution of saline minerals that left behind large open cavities and fractured rock. This new and complete understanding the aquifer?s areal extent, thickness, water chemistry, and relationship to Utah?s vast oil shale resource will help operators and regulators determine safe saline water disposal practices, directly impacting the success of increased hydrocarbon production in the region, while protecting potential future oil shale production. Part 3: In order to establish a baseline of water quality on lands identified by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management as having oil shale development potential in the southeastern Uinta Basin, the UGS collected biannual water samples over a three-year period from near-surface aquifers and surface sites. The near-surface and relatively shallow groundwater quality information will help in the development of environmentally sound water-management solutions for a possible future oil shale and oil sands industry and help assess the sensitivity of the alluvial and near-surface bedrock aquifers. This multifaceted study will provide a better understanding of the aquifers in Utah?s Uinta Basin, giving regulators the tools needed to protect precious freshwater resources while still allowing for increased hydrocarbon production.

Michael Vanden Berg; Paul Anderson; Janae Wallace; Craig Morgan; Stephanie Carney

2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

397

Reactivation of an Idle Lease to Increase Heavy Oil Recovery through Application of Conventional Steam Drive Technology in a Low Dip Slope & Reservoir in the Midway-Sunset Field, San Jaoquin Basin, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In January 1997 the project entered its second and main phase with the purpose of demonstrating whether steamflood can be a more effective mode of production of the heavy, viscous oils from the Monarch Sand reservoir than the more conventional cyclic steaming. The objective is not just to produce the pilot site within the Pru Fee property south of Taft (Figure 1), but to test which production parameters optimize total oil recovery at economically acceptable rates of production and production costs.

Schamel, Steven

1999-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

398

CT-guided intracavitary radiotherapy for cervical cancer: Comparison of conventional point A plan with clinical target volume-based three-dimensional plan using dose-volume parameters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To perform an intracavitary radiotherapy (ICR) plan comparison between the conventional point A plan (conventional plan) and computed tomography (CT)-guided clinical target volume-based plan (CTV plan) by analysis of the quantitative dose-volume parameters and irradiated volumes of organs at risk in patients with cervical cancer. Methods and Materials: Thirty plans for {sup 192}Ir high-dose-rate ICR after 30-40-Gy external beam radiotherapy were investigated. CT images were acquired at the first ICR session with artifact-free applicators in place. The gross tumor volume, clinical target volume (CTV), point A, and International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements Report 38 rectal and bladder points were defined on reconstructed CT images. A fractional 100% dose was prescribed to point A in the conventional plan and to the outermost point to cover all CTVs in the CTV plan. The reference volume receiving 100% of the prescribed dose (V{sub ref}), and the dose-volume parameters of the coverage index, conformal index, and external volume index were calculated from the dose-volume histogram. The bladder, rectal point doses, and percentage of volumes receiving 50%, 80%, and 100% of the prescribed dose were also analyzed. Results: Conventional plans were performed, and patients were categorized on the basis of whether the 100% isodose line of point A prescription dose fully encompassed the CTV (Group 1, n = 20) or not (Group 2, n = 10). The mean gross tumor volume (11.6 cm{sup 3}) and CTV (24.9 cm{sup 3}) of Group 1 were smaller than the corresponding values (23.7 and 44.7 cm{sup 3}, respectively) for Group 2 (p = 0.003). The mean V{sub ref} for all patients was 129.6 cm{sup 3} for the conventional plan and 97.0 cm{sup 3} for the CTV plan (p = 0.003). The mean V{sub ref} in Group 1 decreased markedly with the CTV plan (p < 0.001). For the conventional and CTV plans in all patients, the mean coverage index, conformal index, and external volume index were 0.98 and 1.0, 0.23 and 0.34, and 3.86 and 2.15, respectively. Statistical analysis showed that the conformal index and external volume index improved significantly with the CTV plan, and this improvement was more marked in Group 1. The mean values of the bladder and rectal point doses and volume fractions receiving 50%, 80%, and 100% of the reference dose did not differ between plans for all patients. The reduction in the mean rectal and bladder point doses and irradiated volumes for the CTV plan was statistically significant in Group 1. Conclusion: Computed tomography-guided CTV planning of ICR is superior to conventional point A planning in terms of conformity of target coverage and avoidance of overdosed normal tissue volume. To ascertain the potential benefit of treatment outcome, ICR with image-guided three-dimensional plans will be pursued and correlated with the dose-volume parameters.

Shin, Kyung Hwan [Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Gyeonggi (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Tae Hyun [Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Gyeonggi (Korea, Republic of)]. E-mail: k2onco@ncc.re.kr; Cho, Jung Keun [Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Gyeonggi (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Joo-Young [Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Gyeonggi (Korea, Republic of); Park, Sung Yong [Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Gyeonggi (Korea, Republic of); Park, Sang-Yoon [Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Gyeonggi (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Dae Yong [Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Gyeonggi (Korea, Republic of); Chie, Eui Kyu [Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Gyeonggi (Korea, Republic of); Pyo, Hong Ryull [Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Gyeonggi (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Kwan Ho [Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Gyeonggi (Korea, Republic of)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Reactivation of an Idle Lease to Increase Heavy Oil Recovery through Application of Conventional Steam Drive Technology in a Low Dip Slope and Basin Reservoir in the Midway-Sunset Field, San Jaoquin Basin, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A previously idle portion of the Midway-Sunset field, the ARCO Western Energy Pru Fee property, is being brought back into commercial production through tight integration of geologic characterization, geostatistical modeling, reservoir simulation, and petroleum engineering. This property, shut-in over a decade ago as economically marginal using conventional cyclic steaming methods, has a 200-300 foot thick oil column in the Monarch Sand. However, the sand lacks effective steam barriers and has a thick water-saturation zone above the oil-water contact. These factors require an innovative approach to steam flood production design that will balance optimal total oil production against economically viable steam-oil ratios and production rates. The methods used in the Class III demonstration are accessible to most operators in the Midway-Sunset field and could be used to revitalize properties with declining production of heavy oils throughout the region. In January 1997 the project entered its second and main phase with the purpose of demonstrating whether steamflood can be a more effective mode of production of the heavy, viscous oils from the Monarch Sand reservoir than the more conventional cyclic steaming. The objective is not just to produce the pilot site within the Pru Fee property south of Taft, but to test which production parameters optimize total oil recovery at economically acceptable rates of production and production costs.

Steven Schamel

1998-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

400

Technology Analysis - Multi-Path Transportation Futures Study  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Multi-Path Transportation Futures Study: Vehicle Characterization and Scenario Analyses Multi-Path Transportation Futures Study: Vehicle Characterization and Scenario Analyses The Multi-Path Study began by defining the basic physical characteristics of future advanced midsize cars and midsize SUVs with drivetrain technologies ranging from advanced SI and CI (diesel) engine-based conventional drivetrains through hybrid drivetrains (including plug-ins), to fuel cell hybrids and plug-in hybrids, through pure-electric drivetrains. The study evaluates these vehicles’ fuel economy using Argonne’s PSAT simulation model, estimates their costs, and does detailed analyses of their cost-effectiveness, balancing first costs against fuel savings. The study uses a version of the National Energy Modeling System (developed by the Energy Information Administration in the U.S. Department of Energy) to evaluate several scenarios assuming different vehicle costs (one set based on a literature review, one based on DOE goals) and availability of purchase subsidies.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fifty-nine conventional fuel-saving" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Annual Energy Outlook 2009 with Projections to 2030-Graphic Data  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Annual Energy Outlook 2009 with Projections to 2030 Annual Energy Outlook 2009 with Projections to 2030 Annual Energy Outlook 2009 with Projections to 2030 Graphic Data Figure 1. Total liquid fuels demand by sector Figure 1 Data Figure 2. Total natural gas supply by source Figure 2 Data Figure 3. New light-duty vehicle sales shares by type Figure 3 Data Figure 4. Proposed CAFE standards for passenger cars by vehicle footprint, model years 2011-2015 Figure 4 Data Figure 5. Proposed CAFE standards for light trucks by vehicle footprint, model years 2011-2015 Figure 5 Data Figure 6. Average fuel economy of new light-duty vehicles in the AEO2008 and AEO2009 projections, 1995-2030 Figure 6 Data Figure 7. Value of fuel saved by a PHEV compared with a conventional ICE vehicle over the life of the vehicles, by gasoline price and PHEV all-electric driving range

402

Baker Construction, Cincinnati, Ohio. Solar energy system performance evaluation, October 1980-May 1981  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Baker Construction site is a single family residence in Ohio with a passive solar heating system, which consists of 302 square feet of 62 degree sloped greenhouse glazing, a 35,500-pound concrete mass wall, 10,400-pound concrete slab floor, 20 phase change storage rods, six 1-kW electric baseboard heaters, and a wood stove. A solar fraction of 55% is reported. Also the solar savings ratio and conventional fuel savings are given. The performance of the greenhouse collector subsystem, the heat storage subsystem, and the space heating subsystem are summarized as well as total system performance. Energy savings and weather data are also included. The design of the system, performance evaluation techniques, and sensor technology are also presented. (LEW)

Spears, J.W.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, California solar energy system performance evaluation, July 1980-June 1981  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory site is an office building in California with an active solar energy system designed to supply from 23 to 33% of the space heating load and part of the hot water load. The solar heating system is equipped with 1428 square feet of flat-plate collectors, a 2000-gallon water storage tank, and two gas-fired boilers to supply auxiliary heat for both space heating and domestic hot water. Poor performance is reported, with the solar fraction being only 4%. Also given are the solar savings ratio, conventional fuel savings, system performance factor, and the coefficient of performance. The performance data are given for the collector, storage, solar water heating and solar space heating subsystems as well as the total system. Typical system operation and solar energy utilization are briefly described. The system design, performance evaluation techniques, weather data, and sensor technology are presented. (LEW)

Wetzel, P.E.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Hybrid powertrain for light aircraft  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we evaluate the possibility of employing a hybrid powertrain to propel a light aircraft. The work suggests that the incorporation of a hybrid powertrain has little effect on fuel consumption for a light aircraft operating in a condition of straight and level cruise. However, there is a potential decrease in fuel consumption when a light aircraft operates either in climb or when manoeuvring over a conventionally powered aircraft. This is due to three main factors, namely, the energy harvested during descent by a windmilling propeller, the engine being switched off during descent and the fact that the air/fuel mixture does not have to be enriched during climbing phases. Estimating the potential fuel savings is obviously mission dependent, however, an unshrouded propeller could harvest enough energy to provide 39% of the excess power required for climbing. This figure could be significantly increased by use of a shrouded propeller.

John Olsen; John R. Page

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Green Your School | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Green Your School Green Your School Green Your School Illustration of a school bus. Schools around the country are finding ways to use energy as efficiently as possible, not only to set an example for their students and communities, but also to save on the bottom line. Given that energy costs are second only to salaries in terms of school budgets, many school leaders are investing in energy-efficiency technologies in their buildings and fuel-saving technologies in their buses. Check out a few facts about making your school green. Schools spend more on energy than any other expense except personnel. A high-performance school doesn't have to cost more to construct than a conventionally built school. High-performance schools can lower a school district's operating costs by up to 30%.

406

Benefits and Costs of Aggressive Energy Efficiency Programs and the Impacts of Alternative Sources of Funding: Case Study of Massachusetts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fuel savings, etc. ) but are including avoided cost ofenergy, avoided cost generationcapacity, avoided cost of T&D capacity, and the Demand

Cappers, Peter

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Assessment of Energy Efficiency Improvement in the United States Petroleum Refining Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1995) and current penetration rates are estimated to reflectmeasures. Current U.S. penetration rate assumptions, finalInfiltration Assumed Penetration rates Fuel Savings (

Morrow III, William R.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Eco-Approach and Departure Techniques for Connected Vehicles at Signalized Traffic Intersections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

27], even at low penetration rates of the technology-Fuel savings at different penetration rates under differentat different penetration rate ..48 Fig.4.9 Fuel

Xia, Haitao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Assessment of Energy Efficiency Improvement and CO2 Emission Reduction Potentials in India's Cement Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vary widely depending on electricity costs. ASDs for clinkerof Conserved Electricity (CCE) and Cost of Conserved Fuel (Analysis for the Cost-Effective Electricity and Fuel Saving

Morrow III, William R.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Steam Systems | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Reduction: Opportunities and Issues How to Calculate the True Cost of Steam Industrial Heat Pumps for Steam and Fuel Savings Industrial Steam System Heat-Transfer Solutions...

411

Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA)  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

budget - 170K spent to date Fuel Saved Fuel Electricity Vehicle Simulation Assumptions Cost Market Penetration 3 Large Number of Vehicles... Current 2010 2015 2030 2045 PHEV Fuel...

412

DOE Announces Webinars on Fuel Cells at NASCAR, an Advanced Energy...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

to replace small portable gasoline generators with SOFC units that use commercial propane. These generators demonstrated considerable fuel savings and emission reductions...

413

3-15-11_Final_Testimony_(Worthington)_(SWPA).pdf  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

energy for hydropower in Southwestern's area. Fuel savings based on thermal conversion factors from EIA's Annual Energy Review- 2009. 5 turbines spinning and the power...

414

Battery Pack Requirements and Targets Validation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Performance - - appropriately affect general level of support for PHEV technology - private and public R&D funding decisions related to results - emphasize fuel savings per...

415

New Jersey: EERE-Supported Technology Lowers GHG Emissions 70...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Innovation Recognized by R&D Magazine for Fuel-Saving Product Washington: Graphene Nanostructures for Lithium Batteries Recieves 2012 R&D 100 Award Project Overview...

416

Potential for the Use of Energy Savings Performance Contracts to Reduce Energy Consumption and Provide Energy and Cost Savings in Non-Building Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of DODs consumption. Marine diesel fuel accounts for 13%. fuel savings over currently used simple cycle gas turbine marine

Williams, Charles

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Internal Combustion Engine Energy Retention (ICEER)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

manufacturer VSATT Vehicle Systems Analysis Technical Team 3 Relevance for DOE Fuel-Saving Mission The "Cold-Start" Penalty: Consider the following... * ICEs presently...

418

Reactivation of an Idle Lease to Increase Heavy Oil Recovery Through Application of Conventional Steam Drive Technology in a Low Dip Slope and Basin Reservoir in the Midway-Sunset Field, San Jaoquin Basin, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A previously idle portion of the Midway-Sunset field, the ARCO Western Energy Pru Fee property, is being brought back into commercial production through tight integration of geologic characterization, geostatistical modeling, reservoir simulation, and petroleum engineering. This property, shut-in over a decade ago as economically marginal using conventional cyclic steaming methods, has a 200-300 foot thick oil column in the Monarch Sand. However, the sand lacks effective steam barriers and has a thick water-saturation zone above the oil-water contact. These factors require an innovative approach to steam flood production design that will balance optimal total oil production against economically viable steam-oil ratios and production rates. The methods used in the Class III demonstration are accessible to most operators in the Midway-Sunset field and could be used to revitalize properties with declining production of heavy oils throughout the region.

Steven Schamel

1998-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

419

Reactivation of an Idle Lease to Increase Heavy Oil Recovery Through Application of Conventional Steam Drive Technology in a Low Dip Slope and Basin Reservoir in the Midway-Sunset Field, San Jaoquin Basin, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A previously idle portion of the Midway-Sunset field, the ARCO Western Energy Pru Fee property, is being brought back into commercial production through tight integration of geologic characterization, geostatistical modeling, reservoir simulation, and petroleum engineering. This property, shut-in over a decade ago as economically marginal using conventional cyclic steaming methods, has a 200-300 foot thick oil column in the Monarch Sand. However, the sand lacks effective steam barriers and has a thick water-saturation zone above the oil-water contact. These factors require an innovative approach to steam flood production design that will balance optimal total oil production against economically viable steam-oil ratios and production rates. The methods used in the Class III demonstration are accessible to most operators in the Midway-Sunset field and could be used to revitalize properties with declining production of heavy oils throughout the region.

Steven Schamel

1998-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

420

Retail Prices for Regular Gasoline - Conventional Areas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

208 3.165 3.198 3.264 3.261 3.267 1990-2014 208 3.165 3.198 3.264 3.261 3.267 1990-2014 East Coast (PADD1) 3.359 3.339 3.343 3.372 3.410 3.386 1992-2014 New England (PADD 1A) 3.501 3.501 3.511 3.555 3.552 3.535 1993-2014 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 3.509 3.514 3.523 3.570 3.618 3.594 1993-2014 Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) 3.303 3.274 3.276 3.298 3.335 3.311 1993-2014 Midwest (PADD 2) 3.124 3.058 3.140 3.251 3.203 3.239 1992-2014 Gulf Coast (PADD 3) 3.102 3.053 3.051 3.109 3.115 3.106 1992-2014 Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) 3.077 3.055 3.055 3.100 3.120 3.148 1992-2014 West Coast (PADD 5) 3.343 3.335 3.333 3.351 3.371 3.367 1992-2014 West Coast less California 3.343 3.335 3.333 3.351 3.371 3.367 2000-2014 States Colorado 3.050 3.015 3.035 3.126 3.166 3.188 2000-2014

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fifty-nine conventional fuel-saving" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Conventional Gasoline Sales to End Users Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

18 2.749 1.864 2.289 - - 1994-2012 18 2.749 1.864 2.289 - - 1994-2012 East Coast (PADD 1) 2.288 2.768 1.858 2.280 - - 1994-2012 New England (PADD 1A) 2.390 2.864 1.984 2.378 - - 1994-2012 Connecticut - - - - - - 1994-2012 Maine 2.384 2.848 1.984 2.360 - - 1994-2012 Massachusetts - - - - - - 1994-2012 New Hampshire 2.374 2.850 1.975 2.395 - - 1994-2012 Rhode Island - - - - - - 1994-2012 Vermont 2.420 2.925 1.989 2.422 - - 1994-2012 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 2.285 2.758 1.880 2.306 - - 1994-2012 Delaware - - - - - - 1994-2012 District of Columbia - - - - - - 1994-2012 Maryland 2.299 2.785 1.906 2.338 - - 1994-2012 New Jersey - - - - - - 1994-2012 New York 2.297 2.786 1.886 2.321 - - 1994-2012 Pennsylvania 2.275 2.738 1.873 2.295 - - 1994-2012

422

Text & Figure Conventions Teaching Assistant Teaching Fellow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Point) (3) (4) ( 5 kg) 2 #12;Heavy metals are toxic to most living organisms and cause health problems substrate to catalyze the synthesis of heavy metal-binding peptides, known as phytochelatins (PC). PCS has

Wu, Yih-Min

423

Selected alternatives to conventional chlorination. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study was jointly funded by EPRI and five electric utility companies in New England (New England Power, Northeast Utilities, United Illuminating, Vermont Yankee Nuclear, and Public Service of New Hampshire). Previous investigations had identified three major areas for further study: continuous low-level chlorination, dechlorination, and condenser biofouling control. Continuous low-level chlorination, studied at two locations, one on open coastal water and the other in an industrialized estuarine area, showed that 0.1 ppM total residual oxidant (TRO) prevented attachment of the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis) to concrete surfaces. Chronic bioassays showed that 0.075 ppM TRO reduced biofouling by indigenous organisms; 0.1 ppM TRO slightly increased mortalities of the Atlantic silversides (Menidia menidia) but had no effect on the American oyster (Crassostrea virginica). Dechlorination investigations showed that threespine sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus), Atlantic silversides (Menidia menidia), larval bay scallops (Argopecten irradians), and the copepod Acartia tonsa exposed to water chlorinated to 0.5 ppM TRO for 10, 100, and 1000 seconds, followed by dechlorination with sodium thiosulfate, all suffered significant toxic effects. Condenser tube biofouling studies showed that there was a strong correlation between condenser performance and condenser tube biofouling; biofilm induction varied inversely with ambient water temperature, but orientation of the tubes had no effect on biofilm formation; and all chemicals tested (mono-, di-, and trisodium phosphate; Polident; and TRO at 0.1 ppM) reduced but did not remove biofilms.

Garey, J.F.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Japanese Ratify Convention on Supplementary Compensation for...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

liability regime that will assure prompt and meaningful compensation in the event of a nuclear accident and will facilitate international cooperation on nuclear projects such as...

425

Single-spin asymmetries: The Trento conventions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the workshop 'Transversity: New Developments in Nucleon Spin Structure' (ECT, Trento, Italy, 14-18 June 2004), a series of recommendations was put forward by the participants concerning definitions and notations for describing effects of intrinsic transverse-momentum of partons in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering.

Bacchetta, Alessandro; D'Alesio, Umberto; Diehl, Markus; Miller, C. Andy [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg (Germany); INFN, Sezione di Cagliari and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Cagliari, I-09042 Monserrato (Italy); Deutsches Elektronen-Synchroton DESY, D-22603 Hamburg (Germany); TRIUMF, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 2A3 (Canada)

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Conventional Energy Forum & Associated Vertical Business Development...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

methods Associated research and development Support industry opportunities and new markets emerging in the traditional energy sector This is one in a series of Office of...

427

Further improvement of conventional diesel NOx aftertreatment...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

, Kolbeck Andreas, Korfer Thomas Wittka Thomas, Schnorbus Thorsten FEV GmbH Aachen, Germany 2011 DEER conference, Detroit, MI, USA by FEV - all rights reserved. Confidential...

428

Sandia National Laboratories: Conventional Water Power: Technology...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sediment Transport High-Resolution Computational Algorithms for Simulating Offshore Wind Farms Innovative Offshore Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine Rotors Offshore Publications...

429

Sandia National Laboratories: Conventional Water Power: Market...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sediment Transport High-Resolution Computational Algorithms for Simulating Offshore Wind Farms Innovative Offshore Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine Rotors Offshore Publications...

430

Michigan Inland Lakes Convention Boyne Mountain Resort  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Armstrong Armstrong Environmental 1060 West Gruler Rd Petoskey MI 49770 armstrongenvironmental@hotmail.com Kathy Audia Armstrong Environmental 1060 West Gruler Rd. Petoskey MI 49770 armstrongenvironmental

431

Further improvement of conventional diesel NOx aftertreatment...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications Future Directions in Engines and Fuels Diesel Passenger Car Technology for Low Emissions and CO2 Compliance A View from the Bridge...

432

Nonclassical Carbocations From Controversy to Convention  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rearrangements - Overman and the Prins-Pinacol #12;R R R LG R RR superacid LGH "carbenium ion" - 6 valence e

Stoltz, Brian M.

433

Biodegradable and compostable alternatives to conventional plastics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2009b ). In addition to performance and price, biodegradable plastics must offer advantages...renewable (bio)resources, increasing oil prices and increasing awareness of environmental...derived from sugar cane via ethanol to ethylene. 3. Waste management options for BDPs...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper 6609  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

expected to find unique natural features, sites of historical significance, wildlife living in a natural and the wildlife therein and to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means. For example, the subtle sound of wind blowing through a forest, the babble of water in a stream

Maher, Robert C.

435

Convention on Supplementary Compensation Rulemaking | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

authorizes the Secretary of Energy to issue regulations establishing a retrospective risk pooling program whereby, in the event that the United States must make a contribution...

436

Islamic Finance Bulletin Conventional Stock Markets 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by about 6 percent. There were signs of revival in the Tunisian economy after Qatar extended a USD 1- lar increased from oil importers, and as #12;StockMarkets Table 2: Evolution of Islamic Stock Markets

Meju, Max

437

In contrast to conventional inactivated influenza vaccines, 4xM2e.HSP70c fusion protein fully protected mice against lethal dose of H1, H3 and H9 influenza A isolates circulating in Iran  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ideal vaccines against influenza viruses should elicit not only a humoral response, but also a cellular response. Mycobacterium tuberculosis HSP70 (mHSP70) have been found to promote immunogenic APCs function, elicit a strong cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response, and prevent the induction of tolerance. Moreover, it showed linkage of antigens to the C-terminus of mHSP70 (mHSP70c) can represent them as vaccines resulted in more potent, protective antigen specific responses in the absence of adjuvants or complex formulations. Hence, recombinant fusion protein comprising C-terminus of mHSP70 genetically fused to four tandem repeats of the ectodomain of the conserved influenza matrix protein M2 (M2e) was expressed in Escherichia coli, purified under denaturing condition, refolding, and then confirmed by SDS-PAGE, respectively. The recombinant fusion protein, 4xM2e.HSP70c, retained its immunogenicity and displayed the protective epitope of M2e by ELISA and FITC assays. A prime-boost administration of 4xM2e.HSP70c formulated in F105 buffer by intramuscular route in mice (Balb/C) provided full protection against lethal dose of mouse-adapted H1N1, H3N2, or H9N2 influenza A isolates from Iran compared to 0-33.34% survival rate of challenged unimmunized and immunized mice with the currently in use conventional vaccines designated as control groups. However, protection induced by immunization with 4xM2e.HSP70c failed to prevent weight loss in challenged mice; they experienced significantly lower weight loss, clinical symptoms and higher lung viral clearance in comparison with protective effects of conventional influenza vaccines in challenged mice. These data demonstrate that C-terminal domain of mHSP70 can be a superior candidate to deliver the adjuvant function in M2e-based influenza A vaccine in order to provide significant protection against multiple influenza A virus strains.

Ebrahimi, Seyyed Mahmoud, E-mail: smebrahimi@shirazu.ac.ir [Applied Biotechnology Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 14155-3651,Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Research Center of Virus and Vaccine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Science, P.O.Box 14155-3651, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Dabaghian, Mehran [Department of Pathobiology, University of Tehran, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 14155-6453, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Pathobiology, University of Tehran, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 14155-6453, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Tebianian, Majid [Department of Biotechnology, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute (RVSRI), P.O. Box 31975/148, Karaj, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Biotechnology, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute (RVSRI), P.O. Box 31975/148, Karaj, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Zabeh Jazi, Mohammad Hossein [Department of Pathobiology, University of Tehran, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 14155-6453, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Pathobiology, University of Tehran, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 14155-6453, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

438

Reactivation of an Idle Lease to Increase Heavy Oil Recovery through Application of Conventional Steam Drive Technology in a Low Dip Slope and Basin Reservoir in the Midway-Sunset Field, San Jaoquin Basin, California, Class III  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the initial phase of the project a multifaceted feasibility study was carried out to examine whether the pilot project could be justified technically and economically at this site. This study included: (1) Recompletion of 9 shut-in wells and drilling of a additional producer and a new temperature observation well. A core was taken from the reservoir interval in the new producer, Pru-101. The wells were produced by conventional cyclic steaming over a period of 15 months to establish a production baseline for the site, (2) Characterization of the stratigraphy and petrophysical properties of the Monarch Sand reservoir using existing well logs and analyses on samples in the core taken from Pru-101. The resulting data were used to develop a geostatistical model of the reservoir at the Pru Fee property and a specific reservoir simulator for the pilot test site on the property, and (3) Use of the reservoir simulator to test various steamflood and cyclic steaming production options leading to design of a production strategy for the pilot steamflood based on a four pattern, 9-spot array covering 8 ac near the center of the 40 ac Pru Fee property. The array chosen required drilling additional producers and injectors to supplement the existing wells recompleted in the initial phase of the project.

Schamel, Steven; Deo, Milind; Deets, Mike; Olsen, Keven

2000-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

439

Activities implemented jointly: First report to the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Accomplishments and descriptions of projects accepted under the U.S. Initiative on Joint Implementation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

More than 150 countries are now Party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC), which seeks, as its ultimate objective, to stabilize atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases at a level that would prevent dangerous human interference with the climate system. As a step toward this goal, all Parties are to take measures to mitigate climate change and to promote and cooperate in the development and diffusion of technologies and practices that control or reduce emissions and enhance sinks of greenhouse gases. In the US view, efforts between countries or entities within them to reduce net greenhouse gas emissions undertaken cooperatively--called joint implementation (JI)--holds significant potential both for combating the threat of global warming and for promoting sustainable development. To develop and operationalize the JI concept, the US launched its Initiative on Joint Implementation (USIJI) in October 1993, and designed the program to attract private sector resources and to encourage the diffusion of innovative technologies to mitigate climate change. The USIJI provides a mechanism for investments by US entities in projects to reduce greenhouse gas emissions worldwide and has developed a set of criteria for evaluating proposed projects for their potential to reduce net GHG emissions.

NONE

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Carbothermal reduction of alumina: Thermochemical equilibrium calculations and experimental investigation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The production of aluminum by the electrolytic HallHroult process suffers from high energy requirements, the release of perfluorocarbons, and vast greenhouse gas emissions. The alternative carbothermic reduction of alumina, while significantly less energy-intensive, is complicated by the formation of aluminum carbide and oxycarbides. In the present work, the formation of Al, as well as Al2OC, Al4O4C, and Al4C3 was proven by experiments on mixtures of Al2O3 and activated carbon in an Ar atmosphere submitted to heat pulses by an induction furnace. Thermochemical equilibrium calculations indicate that the Al2O3-reduction using carbon as reducing agent is favored in the presence of limited amounts of oxygen. The temperature threshold for the onset of aluminum production is lowered, the formation of Al4C3 is decreased, and the yield of aluminum is improved. Significant further enhancement in the carbothermic reduction of Al2O3 is predicted by using CH4 as the reducing agent, again in the presence of limited amounts of oxygen. In this case, an important by-product is syngas, with a H2/CO molar ratio of about 2, suitable for methanol or FischerTropsch syntheses. Under appropriate temperature and stoichiometry of reactants, the process can be designed to be thermo-neutral. Using alumina, methane, and oxygen as reagents, the co-production of aluminum with syngas, to be converted to methanol, predicts fuel savings of about 68% and CO2 emission avoidance of about 91%, vis--vis the conventional production of Al by electrolysis and of methanol by steam reforming of CH4. When using carbon (such as coke or petcoke) as reducing agent, fuel savings of 66% and CO2 emission avoidance of 15% are predicted. Preliminary evaluation for the proposed process indicates favorable economics, and the required high temperatures process heat is readily attainable using concentrated solar energy.

M. Halmann; A. Frei; A. Steinfeld

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fifty-nine conventional fuel-saving" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Lower-Energy Energy Storage System (LEESS) Component Evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Alternate hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) energy storage systems (ESS) such as lithium-ion capacitors (LICs) and electrochemical double-layer capacitor (EDLC) modules have the potential for improved life, superior cold temperature performance, and lower long-term cost projections relative to traditional battery storage systems. If such lower-energy ESS (LEESS) devices can also be shown to maintain high HEV fuel savings, future HEVs designed with these devices could have an increased value proposition relative to conventional vehicles. NREL's vehicle test platform is helping validate the in-vehicle performance capability of alternative LEESS devices and identify unforeseen issues. NREL created the Ford Fusion Hybrid test platform for in-vehicle evaluation of such alternative LEESS devices, bench testing of the initial LIC pack, integration and testing of the LIC pack in the test vehicle, and bench testing and installation of an EDLC module pack. EDLC pack testing will continue in FY15. The in-vehicle LIC testing results suggest technical viability of LEESS devices to support HEV operation. Several LIC configurations tested demonstrated equivalent fuel economy and acceleration performance as the production nickel-metal-hydride ESS configuration across all tests conducted. The lowest energy LIC scenario demonstrated equivalent performance over several tests, although slightly higher fuel consumption on the US06 cycle and slightly slower acceleration performance. More extensive vehicle-level calibration may be able to reduce or eliminate these performance differences. The overall results indicate that as long as critical attributes such as engine start under worst case conditions can be retained, considerable ESS downsizing may minimally impact HEV fuel savings.

Gonder, J.; Cosgrove, J.; Shi, Y.; Saxon, A.; Pesaran, A.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Lower-Energy Energy Storage System (LEESS) Evaluation in a Full-Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The cost of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) (e.g., Toyota Prius or Ford Fusion Hybrid) remains several thousand dollars higher than the cost of comparable conventional vehicles, which has limited HEV market penetration. The battery energy storage device is typically the component with the greatest contribution toward this cost increment, so significant cost reductions/performance improvements to the energy storage system (ESS) can improve the vehicle-level cost-benefit relationship, which would in turn lead to larger HEV market penetration and greater aggregate fuel savings. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) collaborated with a United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) Workgroup to analyze trade-offs between vehicle fuel economy and reducing the minimum energy requirement for power-assist HEVs. NREL's analysis showed that significant fuel savings could still be delivered from an ESS with much lower energy storage than previous targets, which prompted the United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) to issue a new set of lower-energy ESS (LEESS) targets that could be satisfied by a variety of technologies, including high-power batteries or ultracapacitors. NREL has developed an HEV test platform for in-vehicle performance and fuel economy validation testing of the hybrid system using such LEESS devices. This presentation describes development of the vehicle test platform and in-vehicle evaluation results using a lithium-ion capacitor ESS-an asymmetric electrochemical energy storage device possessing one electrode with battery-type characteristics (lithiated graphite) and one with ultracapacitor-type characteristics (carbon). Further efforts include testing other ultracapacitor technologies in the HEV test platform.

Cosgrove, J.; Gonder, J.; Pesaran, A.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

21st century locomotive technology: quarterly technical status report 26  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Parasitic losses due to hybrid sodium battery thermal management do not significantly reduce the fuel saving benefits of the hybrid locomotive. Optimal thermal management trajectories were converted into realizable algorithms which were robust and gave excellent performance to limit thermal excusions and maintain fuel savings.

Lembit Salasoo; Ramu Chandra

2009-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

444

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #595: November 2, 2009 Plug-in Hybrid  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5: November 2, 5: November 2, 2009 Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle Purchases May Depend on Fuel Savings and Incremental Cost to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #595: November 2, 2009 Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle Purchases May Depend on Fuel Savings and Incremental Cost on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #595: November 2, 2009 Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle Purchases May Depend on Fuel Savings and Incremental Cost on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #595: November 2, 2009 Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle Purchases May Depend on Fuel Savings and Incremental Cost on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #595: November 2, 2009 Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle Purchases May Depend on Fuel Savings and Incremental Cost on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #595: November 2, 2009

445

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #793: August 19, 2013 Improvements in  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3: August 19, 3: August 19, 2013 Improvements in Fuel Economy for Low-MPG Vehicles Yield the Greatest Fuel Savings to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #793: August 19, 2013 Improvements in Fuel Economy for Low-MPG Vehicles Yield the Greatest Fuel Savings on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #793: August 19, 2013 Improvements in Fuel Economy for Low-MPG Vehicles Yield the Greatest Fuel Savings on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #793: August 19, 2013 Improvements in Fuel Economy for Low-MPG Vehicles Yield the Greatest Fuel Savings on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #793: August 19, 2013 Improvements in Fuel Economy for Low-MPG Vehicles Yield the Greatest Fuel Savings on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #793: August 19, 2013

446

Fact #725: April 30, 2012 Cylinder Deactivation is More Prevalent in Light Trucks than Cars  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Cylinder deactivation is a fuel-saving technology that allows a vehicle to shut down some of its cylinders when extra power is not needed like when cruising down the highway at a constant speed....

447

Assessment of Energy Efficiency Improvement and CO2 Emission Reduction Potentials in India's Iron and Steel Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Conserved Electricity (CCE) and Cost of Conserved Fuel (6. 2010-2030 Cost-effective Electricity and Electricity-BaseAnalysis for the Cost-Effective Electricity and Fuel Saving

Morrow III, William R.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Optimal ship routing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuel savings in ship navigation has always been a popular subject in the maritime industry as well as the world's largest Navies. Oil prices and environmental considerations drive the effort for more fuel-efficient navigation. ...

Avgouleas, Kyriakos

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

The Effects of Step Excrescences on Swept-Wing Boundary-Layer Transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The immense fuel savings and environmental benefits of reducing aircraft skin-friction drag through laminar flow is well known. However, obtaining substantial laminar flow on an aircraft in an operational environment has proven to be a difficult...

Duncan, Jr., Glen T.

2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

450

Implementing an Energy Management Strategy for a Houston Refinery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

implemented throughout industry to improve equipment operating efficiencies, profitability, extend equipment life, prevent forced shutdowns, generate substantial fuel savings, track valuable information, and enhance compliance margins. A well designed...

Wood, S. C.; Agrawal, R. K.; Canon, D.

451

Enhanced Efficiency of Wind-Diesel Power Generation in Tribal Villages  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

This project is benefiting tribal communities in Alaska with fuel savings, increased revenues to local utilities, reduced heating cost, as well as enabling utilities and customers to control costs.

452

Estimate of Technical Potential for Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in 13 Major World Economies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fuel savings in 2020, and 3,500 PJ in 2030 27-percent energy reductionfuel savings in 2020, and 3,500 PJ in 2030 27-percent energy reduction

Letschert, Virginie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

In-Vehicle Evaluation of Lower-Energy Energy Storage System ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

USABC LEESS Target Setting * NREL analyzed full-HEV fuel savings sensitivity to ESS energy content o Working with an Energy Storage Tech Team Workgroup o Re-evaluating past...

454

Microsoft Word - 3 25 14 SWPA Testimony OMB Edits v2  

Energy Savers [EERE]

47.5 billion cubic feet of natural gas. 1 1 Fuel savings based on thermal conversion factors from EIA's Annual Energy Review-2011. 5 WORKFORCE PLANNING As I mentioned before,...

455

Measured Laboratory and In-Use Fuel Economy Observed over Targeted...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

are still questions to be answered about when and where this technology offers a valuable return on investment in the form of fuel savings. The objective of this project was to...

456

Thermoelectric Generator (TEG) Fuel Displacement Potential using Engine-in-the-Loop and Simulation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Assessment of fuel savings with thermoelectric generators (TEGs) using detailed model of GM-developed TEG as part of the engine connected to a dynamometer that emulates the rest of the vehicle

457

Alaska: Enhanced Efficiency of Wind-Diesel Power Generation in Tribal Villages  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

This project is benefiting tribal communities in Alaska with fuel savings, increased revenues to local utilities, reduced heating cost, as well as enabling utilities and customers to control costs.

458

Comparative analysis of household car, motorcycle and bicycle ownership between Osaka metropolitan area, Japan and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Motorcycle is still frequently used in many Asian cities, and the fuel efficiency is higher than car. Thus, the switch back from car to motorcycle can bring considerable fuel savings. Moreover, if it is possible ...

Toshiyuki Yamamoto

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

NREL: Vehicle Systems Analysis - Future Automotive Systems Technology...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PHEVs and EVs become cost effective? On average, how much fuel does a PHEV with a 30-mile electric range save? How much fuel savings does an HEV provide for a given drive cycle?...

460

Two-Stage Variable Compression Ratio (VCR) System to Increase Efficiency in Gasoline Powertrains  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presents two-stage variable compression ratio mechanism realized by varying the connecting rod length, description of the system layout, working principle and expected fuel savings benefits when used in current and future gasoline engine concepts

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fifty-nine conventional fuel-saving" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Air Force Achieves Fuel Efficiency through Industry Best Practices (Brochure), Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

highest potential to save aviation fuel. highest potential to save aviation fuel. All MAF personnel are encouraged to propose fuel savings ideas. These ideas are then processed as initiatives, assigned a primary point of contact, and routed through an analysis process to prepare the initiative for presenta- tion to the Air Force's corporate structure. The corporate structure then evaluates and determines the initiatives with the highest potential fuel savings. Fuel-saving efforts focus on six major areas: policy, planning, execution, maintenance, science and technology, and fuel-efficient aircraft systems. The MAF also established a predetermined set of fuel-savings metrics and required reporting. In fiscal year 2011, implemented fuel initiatives saved the MAF more than 42 million gallons of aviation fuel in both

462

Optimizing Dam Operations for Power and for Fish: an Overview of the US Department of Energy and US Army Corps of Engineers ADvanced Turbine Development R&D. A Pre-Conference Workshop at HydroVision 2006, Oregon Convention Center, Portland, Oregon July 31, 2006  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This booklet contains abstracts of presentations made at a preconference workshop on the US Department of Energy and US Army Corps of Engineers hydroturbine programs. The workshop was held in conjunction with Hydrovision 2006 July 31, 2006 at the Oregon Convention Center in Portland Oregon. The workshop was organized by the Corps of Engineers, PNNL, and the DOE Wind and Hydropower Program. Presenters gave overviews of the Corps' Turbine Survival Program and the history of the DOE Advanced Turbine Development Program. They also spoke on physical hydraulic models, biocriteria for safe fish passage, pressure investigations using the Sensor Fish Device, blade strike models, optimization of power plant operations, bioindex testing of turbine performance, approaches to measuring fish survival, a systems view of turbine performance, and the Turbine Survival Program design approach.

Dauble, Dennis D.

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Conventional Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

16,716.2 14,277.3 13,878.1 13,588.6 14,053.9 13,516.9 1994-2013 16,716.2 14,277.3 13,878.1 13,588.6 14,053.9 13,516.9 1994-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) W W W 3,727.8 W 3,676.1 1994-2013 New England (PADD 1A) - - - - - - 1994-2013 Connecticut - - - - - - 1994-2013 Maine - - - - - - 1994-2013 Massachusetts - - - - - - 1994-2013 New Hampshire - - - - - - 1994-2013 Rhode Island - - - - - - 1994-2013 Vermont - - - - - - 1994-2013 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) W W W W W W 1994-2013 Delaware - - - - - - 1994-2013 District of Columbia - - - - - - 1994-2013 Maryland - - - - - - 1994-2013 New Jersey - - - - - - 1994-2013 New York W W W W W W 1994-2013 Pennsylvania W W W W W W 1994-2013 Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) 2,437.3 2,438.9 2,168.5 W 2,124.4 W 1994-2013

464

Conventional Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

34,966.5 33,853.0 31,513.3 29,499.2 25,064.8 17,695.8 1994-2012 34,966.5 33,853.0 31,513.3 29,499.2 25,064.8 17,695.8 1994-2012 East Coast (PADD 1) 11,833.0 11,488.6 10,553.5 9,423.6 7,778.2 5,183.5 1994-2012 New England (PADD 1A) W W W W W W 1994-2012 Connecticut - - - - - - 1994-2012 Maine W W W W W W 1994-2012 Massachusetts - - - - - - 1994-2012 New Hampshire - - - - W W 1994-2012 Rhode Island - - - - - - 1994-2012 Vermont W W W W W W 1994-2012 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) W W W 2,592.4 2,527.8 2,297.8 1994-2012 Delaware - - - - - - 1994-2012 District of Columbia - - - - - - 1994-2012 Maryland W - - - - - 1994-2012 New Jersey - - - - - - 1994-2012 New York 1,592.0 1,497.3 1,529.5 1,448.1 1,447.5 W 1994-2012 Pennsylvania 1,497.8 W W 1,144.3 1,080.3 W 1994-2012

465

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

83.6 83.6 83.3 77.1 71.3 66.2 71.8 91.6 91.1 82.2 75.5 - 78.4 February ............................. 82.1 81.8 74.8 68.6 64.3 69.3 90.3 89.8 80.0 72.5 - 75.7 March .................................. 79.9 79.7 72.6 66.3 62.6 67.2 88.1 87.8 78.3 70.3 W 73.5 April .................................... 79.0 78.8 72.4 65.2 60.7 66.3 87.3 87.0 77.8 69.3 - 72.7 May ..................................... 79.6 79.5 73.0 67.5 61.8 67.9 87.5 87.2 78.4 70.7 - 73.8 June .................................... 78.9 78.7 70.9 63.9 59.0 65.0 86.8 86.5 76.6 67.2 - 71.0 July ..................................... 77.3 77.2 69.7 63.8 57.6 64.3 85.4 85.1 75.7 67.3 - 70.6 August ................................ 82.1 81.9 75.4 71.0 63.7 70.9 89.9 89.6 81.0 74.8 - 77.3 September .......................... 80.9 80.7 73.3 66.3 60.8 67.1 89.1 88.6 79.2 69.9 -

466

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

51.0 51.0 50.8 45.0 38.1 33.0 39.1 59.9 59.7 51.9 42.3 - 46.1 February ............................. 49.4 49.3 43.4 36.3 32.8 37.6 58.6 58.4 50.4 40.4 - 44.3 March .................................. 57.2 57.1 52.4 46.9 39.7 47.1 65.7 65.5 58.6 50.5 - 53.7 April .................................... 68.1 68.0 64.2 56.7 47.2 56.2 76.5 76.2 69.8 60.5 - 63.9 May ..................................... 68.9 68.8 63.6 56.3 48.2 56.1 77.4 77.0 69.4 60.0 - 63.4 June .................................... 68.2 68.2 63.7 56.3 48.6 56.7 76.5 76.3 69.1 59.8 - 63.2 July ..................................... 73.6 73.6 69.8 63.6 55.3 63.8 81.8 81.6 75.0 67.2 - 70.0 August ................................ 78.7 78.7 74.6 68.4 62.5 69.0 87.5 87.2 79.9 72.0 - 74.9 September .......................... 82.1 81.9 77.5 71.5 64.7 71.9 90.9 90.5 83.1 75.3 -

467

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9.0 9.0 68.8 61.7 55.1 51.1 56.0 77.1 76.6 66.9 59.4 - 62.6 February ............................. 69.6 69.4 63.4 56.3 52.0 57.4 77.6 77.2 68.9 60.4 - 64.3 March .................................. 75.3 75.1 69.2 63.6 57.7 64.3 83.2 82.8 74.6 67.5 W 70.8 April .................................... 83.2 83.0 77.3 71.5 64.3 71.6 91.1 90.7 82.5 75.8 - 78.9 May ..................................... 86.2 85.9 79.2 71.7 65.6 72.6 94.1 93.6 84.2 75.8 - 79.5 June .................................... 83.7 83.4 75.2 66.6 59.9 67.4 91.6 90.9 80.2 69.5 - 74.2 July ..................................... 81.8 81.5 74.0 66.6 60.0 67.3 89.6 89.1 79.2 70.2 - 74.2 August ................................ 80.3 80.2 73.1 66.2 60.0 66.9 88.0 87.6 78.4 69.8 W 73.5 September .......................... 80.6 80.5 73.7 67.2 60.4 67.8 88.3 87.9 78.8 70.9 -

468

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

66.1 66.1 65.8 58.4 51.1 49.2 52.4 74.6 74.2 64.6 55.6 - 59.1 February ............................. 63.3 63.2 56.3 50.1 47.4 51.0 72.0 71.6 62.1 54.1 - 57.3 March .................................. 61.3 61.2 54.2 47.9 45.4 48.9 69.9 69.5 60.0 51.9 - 55.0 April .................................... 62.6 62.5 56.3 51.1 47.1 51.5 71.0 70.7 61.8 55.1 - 57.7 May ..................................... 65.3 65.2 58.8 53.8 48.4 53.9 73.5 73.1 64.3 57.6 - 60.3 June .................................... 64.6 64.4 57.4 51.2 46.2 51.7 73.2 72.6 63.2 54.9 W 58.2 July ..................................... 63.4 63.2 56.0 49.8 45.1 50.5 72.2 71.7 62.2 53.4 - 56.9 August ................................ 60.5 60.3 52.9 45.0 41.0 46.3 69.6 69.2 59.2 48.8 - 53.0 September .......................... 59.2 59.1 52.8 45.8 40.8 46.7 68.2 67.9 58.8 49.7 -

469

Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7.2 7.2 66.8 59.8 52.5 48.2 53.6 75.7 75.1 65.4 57.1 W 60.9 February ............................. 67.0 66.6 60.6 53.5 49.6 54.8 75.4 74.9 66.1 58.1 NA 61.8 March .................................. 67.9 67.6 61.1 54.5 50.4 55.7 75.8 75.3 66.5 58.3 NA 62.2 April .................................... 73.1 72.8 66.9 62.3 56.4 62.6 80.8 80.4 72.4 66.7 W 69.3 May ..................................... 79.0 78.6 72.1 67.7 62.0 68.0 87.2 86.6 77.4 72.5 NA 74.8 June .................................... 79.2 78.6 70.3 62.4 58.5 63.9 87.6 86.8 75.9 66.8 NA 71.0 July ..................................... 75.6 75.0 66.0 56.4 52.9 58.5 83.8 83.0 71.4 60.2 NA 65.5 August ................................ 73.0 72.6 64.8 57.0 51.8 58.3 81.0 80.5 69.8 60.8 NA 64.9 September .......................... 72.0 71.8 64.8 57.7 52.3 58.7 79.8 79.5 69.6

470

U.S. Conventional Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2014 DTW 4,642.5 4,767.6 4,782.2 4,889.7 4,919.2 4,671.6 1994-2014 Rack 172,532.1 176,028.7 176,131.6 179,076.7 177,469.9 171,663.4 1994-2014 Bulk 18,391.8...

471

U.S. Conventional, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2.962 2.815 2.737 2.651 1994-2014 DTW 3.032 3.090 3.163 3.092 3.001 2.854 1994-2014 Rack 2.946 2.917 2.962 2.806 2.735 2.644 1994-2014 Bulk 2.809 2.835 2.907 2.828 2.690 2.662...

472

U.S. Conventional, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

2.143 2.841 2.886 2.774 1994-2013 DTW 2.716 1.843 2.270 2.939 3.024 2.825 1994-2013 Rack 2.573 1.750 2.155 2.851 2.887 2.775 1994-2013 Bulk 2.518 1.664 2.069 2.758 2.843 2.755...

473

U.S. Conventional Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2013 DTW 8,377.1 7,779.6 6,896.1 6,171.0 5,810.5 7,114.1 1994-2013 Rack 166,176.4 169,017.4 169,788.6 167,282.9 169,476.7 169,611.0 1994-2013 Bulk 41,027.1...

474

Macromolecular Crystallography conventional and high-throughput methods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-throughput data collection requires the seamless interoperation of various hardware components. User-supplied descriptions of protein crystals must also be directly linked with the diffraction data. Such linkages can be achieved efficiently with computer databases. A database that tracks production of the protein samples, crystallization, and diffraction from the resultant crystals serves as the glue that holds the entire gene-to-structure process together. This chapter begins by discussing data collection processes and hardware. It then illustrates how a well-constructed database ensures information flow through the steps of data acquisition. Such a database allows synchrotron beamline measurements to be directly and efficiently integrated into the process of protein crystallographic structure determination.

Wasserman, Stephen R.; Smith, David W.; D'Amico, Kevin L.; Koss, John W.; Morisco, Laura L.; Burley, Stephen K.

2007-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

475

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to curb climate change.1 Contents 1 Council of Parties (COP) 2 Expert Group on Technology Transfer(EGTT) 2.1 Terms of reference of the expert group on technology transfer 3...

476

Conventional Transportation Planning Models: Review and Prospects for Alternatives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Employees: 100 Largest US Cities in Census Years of 1910-2000 Persons/sq.mi;Roadmiles(00) Radiotelephone://www.newgeography.com/content/002747-new-us-urban-area-data-released #12;Outer beltwayInner beltway Interstate highway Are Building and Cities: Processes of Technology-Land Substitution in the 20th Century", Journal of Urban Technology, 16

Nagurney, Anna

477

Poste-publications / Convention numro 400 62993 Soigner en zones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Retrouver le gout de l'école L'école des vocations particulières Témoignages de Pauline Marois, Pierre Karl

Charette, André

478

Mumps Class-Specific Immunoglobulins in Radioimmunoassay and Conventional Serology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...titers of 1,000 or greater. Immuno- globulin class-specific antiserum...immunoglobulin class-specific indicators...binding valuesa greater than the mean binding...immuno- globulin classes are also accompanied...tested exhibited greater binding values...

Harry Daugharty; Donna T. Warfield; Walter D. Hemingway; Helen L. Casey

1973-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Cool Storage for Solar and Conventional Air Conditioning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The term thermal energy storage can apply to any storage function for which the principal inputs and outputs are thermal energy, whether as hotness or as coolness. Generally, hotness storage technologies h...

C. J. Swet

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Diversification practices reduce organic to conventional yield gap  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...agriculture cannot feed the world. Field Crops Res. 106...and L Kilcher. 2011 The world of organic agriculture, statistics and emerging trends. Bonn...a significant role in an energy constrained world? Sustainability 3, 322-362...

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fifty-nine conventional fuel-saving" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians Mid-Year Convention  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians (ATNI) is a regional organization comprised of American Indians in the states of Washington, Idaho, Oregon, Montana, Nevada, Northern California, and Alaska....

482

CONVENTION ON SUPPLEMENTARY COMPENSATION NOTICE OF PROPOSED RULEMAKING  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

After a regulatory action has been completed, Executive Order 12866 requires agencies to identify the substantive changes between the draft submitted to Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs...

483

Risk Comparisons for Nuclear and Conventional Energy Conversion Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The debate on the risks of the peaceful use of atomic energy has intensified public awareness of impacts on the environment. It is increasingly understood that almost all human activities may adversely affect ...

Dr. Ing Ulrich Hauptmanns; Dr. rer. nat. Wolfgang Werner

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Cosmic shears should not be measured in conventional ways  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......any galaxy does not correlate with the Bs and Cs of other galaxies,5 the n-point...way as well, but with little additional cost. APPENDIX A: THE DERIVATIVES OF THE SPIN-2...Hoekstra H. , Jain B., 2008, Annu. Rev. Nuclear Part. Sci., 58, 99. Hoekstra H......

Jun Zhang; Eiichiro Komatsu

2011-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

485

Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Notice of extension of public comment period for reply comments. On July 27, 2010, the Department of Energy (DOE) published in the Federal Register, a notice of inquiry (NOI) and request for...

486

Comparison of enclosed space detection system with conventional methods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Enclosed Space Detection System (ESDS) is a fast, inexpensive, and reliable device for detecting human occupants hidden in vehicles. Operation requires less than two minutes. ESDS is used to foil attempts at smuggling illegal aliens, terrorists, and escaping prisoners. It is being tested at nuclear weapons facilities and has been operated at several prisons and international border crossings. ESDS is the first practical electronic alternative to physical searches of vehicles for hidden passengers. At critical checkpoints, a thorough physical search of a single fully loaded truck requires a team of from two to six people, and may take as long as eight hours. Despite this level of security, experience has shown that the search can occasionally be foiled. Due to the enormous time and expense of thorough physical searches of vehicles, they are seldom conducted at any but the most critical of locations, simply leaving many sites vulnerable to crime and terrorism. Prior to the development of the ESDS, the only other effective alternative to physical search was the use of specially-trained canines, which can be vastly superior to the physical search in both time and accuracy. However, as discussed in this paper, canine inspection is not really a competitive substitute for ESDS because canine reliability (80% at most) is not as high as that of the ESDS (99%+), while the costs, training requirements, and operator skill needed are significantly higher with canines than with the ESDS. In addition, the ESDS has straightforward self-diagnostic tests to ensure the system is operating correctly; such tests are not currently available with either canine or human inspectors. ESDS offers an attractive supplement or alternative to meet current security requirements for vehicle searches at portals at government, nuclear, industrial, and other facilities where concealed persons may pose a threat either by entering or leaving.

Kercel, S.W.; Baylor, V.M.; Labaj, L.E.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Removal of Engineered Nanomaterials Through Conventional Water Treatment Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generation from Salinity Gradients. Environ. Sci. Technol.Generation from Salinity Gradients." Environ. Sci. Technol.

Honda, Ryan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Disrupting Conventional Policy: The Three Faces of Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the brush sur- rounding nanotechnology policy and suggests aImpli- cations of Nanotechnology). 6. Regarding "governance"Policy: The Three Faces of Nanotechnology Timothy F Malloy*

Malloy, Timothy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Use of plate efficiencies in the treatment of conventional columns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

17 ideal gas mixture and that the liquid obeys Raoult 's law. These assumptions lead to the following equations for the fugacity terms of Equation (17)t Qi (l9) 0 f&i - -Pixi, (zo) where 0 Pi -- vapor pressure of pure component i...) (&4) In view of the definitions given by Equations ($1) and (32), Equation ($4) becomes ~O. 4' (&5) Division of both sides of Equation ($5) by di gives 4i 4i (S6) For the case of a total condenser, the streams Vl, LO, and D ail have the same...

Taylor, Dan Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

490

Conventional Hydropower Technologies, Wind And Water Power Program...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Power for a Clean Energy Future (Fact Sheet), Wind and Water Power Program (WWPP) Hydropower Projects Environmental Impacts of Increased Hydroelectric Development at Existing Dams...

491

Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Conventional and Guayule Automobile Tires.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Natural rubber and rubber products can be produced from the guayule plant (Parthenium argentatum Gray), which is a low input perennial shrub native to Mexico (more)

Rasutis, Daina

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

The United States Ratifies The Convention On Supplementary Compensatio...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

for Nuclear Damage (CSC) with the Director-General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The CSC is an international treaty developed to create a global legal...

493

One-pass tillage equipment outstrips conventional tillage method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Btu) of energy is expended in tillage opera- tions in California; almost all of this energy is derived from diesel

Upadhyaya, Shrinivasa K.; Lancas, Kleber P.; Santos-Filho, Abilio G.; Raghuwanshi, Narendra S.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Examination Conventions 2011/12 Final Honours School  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as the Academic Committee in the Department, the E(M)EM Standing Committee, the Mathematical, Physical and Life handbook. During the marking process the scripts of all written papers remain anonymous to the markers. [In in this document the term `double marked, blind,' is used; this refers to the fact that the second marker does

Paxton, Anthony T.

495

Examination Conventions 2010/11 Final Honours School  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as the Academic Committee in the Department, the E(M)EM Standing Committee, the Mathematical, Physical and Life handbook. During the marking process the scripts of all written papers remain anonymous to the markers. [In in this document the term `double marked, blind,' is used; this refers to the fact that the second marker does

Paxton, Anthony T.

496

Quantifying the Uncertainty in Estimates of World Conventional Oil Resources.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Since Hubbert proposed the "peak oil" concept to forecast ultimate recovery of crude oil for the U.S. and the world, there have been countless debates (more)

Tien, Chih-Ming

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Fact #817: February 17, 2014 Conventional and Alternative Fuel...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

The prices are displayed in gasoline-gallon equivalents (GGE) which equate the energy content of any motor fuel to that of a gallon of gasoline. The prices are collected...

498

CONVENTION ON SUPPLEMENTARY COMPENSATION NOTICE OF PROPOSED RULEMAKING...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

(NOPR), which sets forth proposed regulations to establish the retrospective risk pooling program called for under section 934 of EISA. CSC NOPR More Documents & Publications...

499

Holographic study of conventional and negative Poisson's ratio metallic foams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Inhomogeneous, non-affine deformation was observed holographically in both foam materials. Introduction in this series were determined from displacement measurements of high magnification video tapes of the tensile a very useful and reliable tool to determine the Poisson's ratio of orthotropic FRP (Fiber Reinforced

Lakes, Roderic

500

Rotating mousehole improves top drive/conventional drilling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Top drive speed and efficiency are limited and have not reached full potential because of operation ``bottlenecks`` during makeup or breakout of triple pipe stands and bottomhole assembly (BHA) change out. Operators and contractors analyzed tools to overcome these limitations and found a potential solution from International Tool Co., a supplier of kelly spinners, in a tool that has improved make/break efficiency and rig floor safety. The Phantom Mouse rotating mousehole assembly was developed to improve drilling efficiency on top-drive-equipped rigs. This new device tightens connections so pipe stands can be set back in derricks. Using the system, crews can quickly and efficiently make up and set back DP stands while drilling ahead with top drives. It can also be used to break out and lay down excess DP from the derrick.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z